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No 62,642 




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Tories’ swiif| 
deadline for 

rates reform 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor 

SS3 SrS’SS 

EsteSS? 3£r££zrs sssax^ss-i: 

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"inSfte ,A m i,i™ StatC f0r *• Environment, be done by 


TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 

■ ■■ 

\ : • • 

* - --...AVi* 


TIMES 



•* > 4 

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pen before then. 

Instead of the 16 million 
householders now pay ing 
rates, 37 million people would 
pay the community charge, 
including students, pensioners 
and those on social security. 
The exceptions would be 
those under 19 but still at 
school, convicted prisoners 
and long-term hospital pa- 
tients. 

I Although there would be 
3 rebates for the disadvantaged, 
as there are with rates, every- 
one would have to pay at least 
a proportion of the commu- 
nity charge. Ministers plan to 
fix this at around 20 per cent 

They are also considering 
making tire 80 per cent re- 
bates in such cases a rebate on 
the average payment nation- 
ally.- Since local authorities 
would be able to determine 
the level of the community 
charge in their area this could 
mean a high penalty for those 
on benefits who live in areas 
with high-spending councils. 

The Government argues 
that each local elector must 
have a dear incentive to 

Tomorrow 





person at each address, 

• The Government will per- 
severe with plans for a uni. 
form business rate, to he fixed 
and levied centrally and 
distributed to local councils 
according to population. This 

is in spile of widespread 
criticism in the business 
community. Small business- 
men in particular fear that 
many operating in low-rated 
areas at present would be 
paying a £ood deal more. 

A Bill incorporating a num- 
ber of these points is now 
before Parliament, to abolish 
domestic rates in Scotland 
over three years between 1989 
and I99Z 



Rising 

Grafs... 



Mr Ridley: Time to Sw SS liLSroS! 

embark on reform. ow years between 198S 

and Dr Rhodes Boyson, the Mr Ridley admitted that 
Minister for Local Govern- there was no prospect of a 
meat. They revealed that: solution which cnmmaiyiffj 

• Local authorities would be universal support, but 

given powers to apply to the “The time has come to decide 
courts for orders enabling and embark on reform.” 
them to deduct community Dr Boyson, in a to 
charge payment arrears in the Chartered Institute ol 
i n s talm ents from the earnings Public Finance and Account- 
of defaulters. nig, said: “After more than 10 

• Those who railed to register years of studies and reviews, 

for the co mm u n ity charge after three green papers, and 
would face an automatic £50 after neady a year of consul ts- 
fine for the first offence and tion on the latest green paper, 
£200 for the second. local government is stmno 

• Those who live in rented nearer to freeing on a new 
accomodation and move fee- system which me ets the 
quently would be caught by a Government’s aim of greater 
special “collective charge” accountability and fairness, 
paid directly to the landlord We in central government 
with the rent, as a separately have to make our mind up.” 
identified sum. The landlord Mr Ridley said that 454 
would pay the community focal authorities and local 
charge for the whole property, government associations had 

• Because of the difficulty of responded to the green paper 
keeping track of regular mov- on rate reform, along with 504 
era, local authorities should individuals and ratepayers 
check all through the year who associations and 126 bnsi- 


Nlear the end of the line: A Nimrod Mark 3 AEW at RAF Wad diagton , Lincolnshire, yesterday. 

Nimrod backers alter 
tack because of Prior 

By Michael Evans, Whitehall Correspondent ; 

Several Cabinet ministers according to senior Whitehall They will show that after the 


r 


who were prepared to fight for 


Mr Ridley admitted that the British Nimrod early 
there was no prospect of a warning aircraft against the 
solution which co mmand e d rival American Awacs have 
universal support, but said: now changed their minds 
“The time has come to decide because of the outspoken 
and embark on reform.” intervention by Mr James 


“The time has come to decide because of the outspoken 
and embark on reform.” intervention by Mr James 
Dr Boyson, in a speech to Prior, the former Conser- 
the Chartered Institute of vative minister and chairman 
Public Finance and Account- ofGEG 
ing, said: “After more than 10 Mr George Younger the 
y^rs of studies and reviews. Secretary of Stale for Defence, 
aner mure green papers, and who is personally convinced 
after nearly a year of consulta- that Nimrod must now be 


should be paying. 


nesses mid' industrial groups. 


Since Boris Becker 
first won Wimbledon 
18 months ago, 
200,000 German 
children have taken 
up tennis. Becker 
and Steffi Graf 
(above), talk to 
David Miller about 
the rise and rise of 
Germany’s tennis 
wunderkinder 


Thatcher aims for 
spring manifesto 

By Pfaflqi Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 


—^cld— 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
shared yesterday by 
two readers: Mr T. 
Howarth of Urmsioit, 
Manchester; and Mr 
R. Gooch of Newcastle 
upon Tyne. Details, 
page 3. 

• Portfolio fist, page 
27; how to play, 
information service, 
page 20. 


TIMES BUSINESS . 

M 


Sales record 

Retail sales jumped by 2.4 per 
cent in volume last month to a 
new record. The volume of 
spending so far this year is5‘ 
per cent up on the same period 
last year Page 21 


-TIMES SPORT 


The Prime Minister is pfen- 
ning to have the Conservative 
election manifesto completed 
by the spring in readiness to go 
to the country at any time 
thereafter. 

Her strategy group of senior 
ministers will begin consid- 
ering in detail next month the 
reports of the 12 policy 
groups, each beaded by Cate- 
net ministers, which have 
been drawing up proposals for 
the last four months. 

No precise deadline has 
been set but the Prime Min- 
ister wants the manifesto 
ready m case she opts for a 
spring polL 


Norman Tebbit, the party 
chairman and Mrs Thatcher. 

As they examine the pro- 
posals from the manifesto 
groups, some Cabinet min- 
isters win be asked to enlarae 
on die ideas which find fa- 
vour, before writing of the 
manifesto begins in March. 

In keeping with the theme 
of the Conservative con- 
ference, in which ministers 
were talking of their plans not 
only for the present par- 
liamentary year but for the 
next Parliament, the mani- 
festo is expected to contain 
more specific proposals than 
the rather cautious 1983 


Although her own mdina- document, 
tion is to delay until next Already it seems ltkrfy that 

autumn at the earliest, senior there will be propo sals for 
colleagues believe that if all further trade union reform. 


the portents were right for 
next May or June, she would 
be prepared to go to foe 
country for a third successive 
victory. . 

The strategy group indudes 
Mr Douglas Hurd, the Home 
Secretary, Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
the Foreign Secretary, Mr 


focusing on onion elections, 
and further privatization, 
including the water industry. 

The manifesto is certain to 
promise a boost to the private 
rented sector by ending con- 
trols on new lettings, and 
pledge more power to school 
governors and headteachers. 


Bokassa trial starts 

From Philip Jacobson, Bangui 
The judge beckoned Jean- immaculate black suit, the 


Bedel Bokassa forward from 
the seat where, a moment 
earlier,, he had been hand- 
cuffed by one wrist to a 
member of the elite Presiden- 
tial Guard. 

Resplendent in trims and 

beret and black panther insig- 
nia, the former Emperor of the 
Central African Republic 
brushed at the sleeve of his 


expensive Paris tailoring fail- 
ing to conceal his bandy legs, 
and marched briskly forward 
to face the tribunal that holds 
his life in its hands. 

A tap of the microphone, 
and the stocky grey-bearded 
man — whose name was once 
synonymous with the most 

Continued on page?, col 3 


scrapped, despite the expen- 
diture of £960 milli on of 
taxpayers’ money, was 
anticipating a tough battle on 
his hands in Cahmef mi 

Thursday 1 , because of the emo- 
tive decision to go for an 
American aircraft rather than 
a British one. 

But Mr Prior’s bitter attack 
against the RAF over the 
weekend, Haim ing bias to- 
wards Boeing, manufacturers 
of the Awacs, has proved to be 
totally- counter-productive, 

CIATeed 
Iraq with 
pictures 9 

For the past two years the 
Central Intelligence Agency 
has been secretly giving Iraq 
sensitive US reconnaissance 
photographs to help the Iraqis 
; bomb Iran's oil terminals and 
power plants. The Wash- 
ington Post said yesterday. 

Quoting informed sources, 
the paper said detailed intelli- 
gence had been flowing to Iraq 
for foe past two years, during 
the period when foe Reagan 
Administration was secretly 
selling arms to Iran. 

In August the CIA stepped 
up foe initiative by establish- 
ing a direct, top-secret Wash- 
ington-Baghdad link to pro- 
vide foe Iraqis with better and 
more timely satellite informa- 
tion. One source said the 
Iraqis now receive satellite 
information after a raid in 
order to assess foe damage and 
plan foe next attack. 

The source told The Wash- 
ington Post that this intelli- 
gence information was ^vital* 
to Iraq's conduct of the war. 

Mr William Casey, the CIA 
director, is said to have twice 
met senior Iraqi officials — in 
October and November — to 
ensure the new information 
channel was working. 

Mr Robert Oakley, until 
recently the head of the Stale 
Department’s counter-terror- 
ism section, has confirmed to 
another newspaper that 
Lieutenant-Colonel Oliver 
North, the key figure in the 
affair, was in dose touch with 
Mr Terry Waite, foe Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury’s special 
envoy, during efforts to free 
the US hostages in Lebanon. 

White Hons* crisis, page 7 


sources. 

Mr Younger is now ex- 
pected to receive no opposi- 
tion at all either in the crucial 
Cabinet Defence and Over- 
seas Policy Committee tomor- 
row or in foe full Cabinet 
meeting on Thurdsay. 

The Prime Minister and the 
key minis ters involved in the 
decision are now not only 
determined to press ahead 
with foe Awacs system but on 
Thursday Mr Younger is plan- 
ning to reveal the confidential 
reasons why the GEC Avion- 
ics radar system for the Nim- 
rod aircraft foiled to meet the 
standards- laid down by the 
RAF. 

The revelations by Mr 
Younger, which will be made 
either in the House of Com- 
mons or in a special briefing 
paper, will be embarrassing 
both for GEC and Marconi, 
die company which was in- 


years of research and expen- 
diture, Nimrod still failed to 
prove itself in the most im- 
portant area of all, the capabil- 
ity to positively differentiate 
hostile targets from the back- 
ground duller. 

However, senior Whitehall 
sources stressed yesterday that 
there was no wish to enter a 
bitter exchange of words with 
a company which will remain 
one of fee biggest defence 
contractors with the Ministry 
of Defence, despite the Nim- 
rod affair. 

The stops to be taken by a 
reluctant! Mr Younger have 






one of fee biggest defence 6 r I ’haf/tliai 1 
contractors with the Ministry M. ilil ILllvl 
of Defence, despite the Nim- #1 - 

«, be ttta, by a POSSlWC 
reluctant! Mr Younger have g , a 
been forced on him because of n|m T £11*04*1 
the allegations of Mr Prior. F 1Ul Wtl O Vl 


One Whitehall source said: 
“ Mr.Prior’s action in anmdng 
the RAF pf foul play has been 
completely counter-pcoduc - 1 
live. Up to half a dozen 
Cabinet ministers, some of 
them with considerable in- . 


volved in the development of fiuence, were in two minds 
the radar and which was taken about this contract but Mr 


overby GEC 


Combined on page 20, col 1 


roops m 
aid deal 


From Christopher Thomas, Paramaribo, Surinam 
Surinam has signed a mili- dose, ceased after bhmt 
try assistance agreement with warnings from Brazil that it 


tary assistance agreement with warnings from Brazil that ii 
Libya in the face of escalating would not idly accept a state 
insurgency which has stre- under Cuban influence on its 
tched its 3,000-man Army to northern border, 
its limits. No Cubans have returned 

W Iv since more than 100 were 

Gadaffimdudatheestabhdi- expelled foe day the US 
ment of a Libyan peoples invaded Grenada. Clearly 
Bureau in theSnnnani capital Surinam feared American 
of Paramanba At least I0U intervention and was increas- 
Libyan counter-insurgency tr- jngjy ^ of Brazil, which 
oops have amvrfmSirnnam sent a strike force across foe 

L bonier in April 1983 as a 
Additionally, Libya has salutary warning to reduce the 

Cuban presence! 

nel Desi Bo ii terse, the head of 

the ruling Military Council, a At the time Colonel Bou- 
$100 million (about £67 mil- terse was a dose friend of Mr 
lion) trade and aid package as Maurice Bishop, the late 
well as advice on how to Marxist Prime Minister of 
entrench his authority and Grenada, to whom he gave a 
fend off coup attempts, which, lavish welcome on an official 


By Richard Evans 
Political Correspondent 
The Prime Minister could 
be the target of a security 
service (dot because of her 
radical outlook, a Labour MP 
claim ed in the Commons lag 
night 

Mr Dale Campbdl-Sa vours, 
MP for Workington, said MI5 
coukl ‘'assassinate'’ Mrs Mar- 
garet Thatcher . with .rumour 
and innuendo if it thought this 
was in the country’s interests. 

He demanded a judicial 
inquiry into renewed claims 
that security service officers 
attempted to subvert foe Wil- 
son government in the 1 970s. 

He told MPs that Mr Peter 
Wright, the former MIS offi- 


would not idly accept a state cer, had admitted in bis book 
under Cuban infl uen c e on its tha t be had to some extent, 


At the time Colonel Bou- 1 
terse was a dose friend of Mr , 
Maurice Bishop, the late : 
Marxist Prune Minister of 


helped mastermind the 
operation. 

“He refers to burgling and 
bugging all over London.” 

“One has to ask what could 
happen to a Labour govern- 
ment in the future? Could this 
happen again? If there is any 
chance of it happening again 
Parliament has a duly to act, 
and act fast.” 

Parliament, page 4 


Oil price 
highest 
for ten 
months 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

The price of North Sea oil 
rose to its highest level for 10 
months yesterday on hopes 
that the Organization ofPetro- 
lemn Exporting Countries, 
meeting in Geneva, would 
agree to production cuts. 

Higher oil prices helped 
British Gas shares to gain IfAp 
to 644£p, their highest closing 
level since the flotation. 

Opec, aiming to raise oil 
prices to $18 a barrel, ad- 
journed its meeting in Geneva 
yesterday evening. Mr Ril- 
wanu Lukin an, the Nigerian 
oil minister and Opec presi- 
dent, said good progress had 
been made 

Earlier, Dr Mana Said al 
Otaiba, the United Arab 
Emirates' oil minister, said the 
oil producers had reached 
agreement in principle on 
production cuts. 

The price of Brent crude oil 
rose to $16 JO a barrel yes- 
terday. In New York last 
night. West Texas crude was 
traded at $16.60 a barrel. 

Should the oil price recover 
to $18 a barrel, the Chancellor 
would havefl billion or more 

Parliament 4 

Comment 23 

in extra tax revenues than the 
$1 5 price assumed in Treasury 
plans. This, in turn, could 
mean bigger income tax cuts 
in the March Budget. 

However, higher oil prices 
could also push the inflation 
rate up. Yesterday, a spokes- 
man for Esso said firmer crude 
oil prices had no immediate 
implications for peuol prices. 
However, foe rise is likely to 
filter through to higher prices 
by the spring. 

Opec oil ministers faced two 
main issues. Firstly, foe pre- 
cise way in which the produc- 
tion cuts needed to reduce 
Opec output from more than 
17 million to 16 million 
barrels a day would be appor- 
tioned among member states. 

Here, the main sticking 
point has been the production 
quotas for Iran and Iraq. 
Opec's last production deal 
was reached with out aproduc- ■ 
tion ceiling for Iraq, but Iran 
said it was not prepared to 
allow foe same thing to hap- 
pen again. 

Iraq, in turn, demanded a 
production quota equivalent 
to Iran's 2.3 million barrels a 
day. Iran is a significantly 
huger oil producer than Iraq. 

Yesterday's meeting ap- 
pears to have moved towards 
a formula to limit Iraqi output 
to 1.6 million or 1.7 million 
barrels a day. 

The second issue was price 
differentials between various 
types of crude oiL Quality 
light crude oils such as those 
produced in Nigeria and the 
North Sea have lost market 
share because of undercutting 
by producers of heavier 
crudes. 


it is rumoured, there have 
been severaL 

The developments suggest 
strongly that Colonel Gaaaffi 
is in foe process of establishing 
his first close relationship with 
a South American country at a 
time when American foreign 
policy is at its weakest 

Colonel Bouierse was to 
have travelled to Tripoli in 
September and from there 
accompany Colonel Gadaffi 
to the Non-Aligned meeting in 
Zimbabwe, but he puDed out 
because of preoccupation with 
the rebel assault. 

Surinam is also strengthen- 
ing its relations with the 
Palestine Liberation Organ- 
ization. the Soviet Union, 
Nicaragua, Angola, North Ko- 
rea and a number of guerrilla 
groups. 

Relations between Surinam 
and Cuba, once extremely 


Anglicans welcome Aids campaign 


Only 188 runs were scored on 
the penultimate day of foe 
Third Test in Adelaide. 
Aust ralia, with seven second 
innings wickets standing, led 
by 141 Page 36 

Brain drain 

Hi-tech experts from the Unit- 
ed States are being brought in 
to plug a UK. gap in comput- 
ing skills. Despite lower sala- 
ries, the attractions of the 
British way of life have 
brought plenty of applications 
Computer Hori zons, 16-17 

Home News 2-5 Feafmts 1Z-M 
Owmeas 7-11 LawReport » 


A pats 1&24 Leaden 
Arthankgr 19 Letters 

Aits 11 Ofritnai 

Binbuteaite, 
marriages 19 Sale ™ 


ii oomw 

to, PaiUament 4 

19 Sale Room » 
21-28 Science « 
18 Sport 31-3*36 
Ig Theatres. elc JO 

1 33 TY&Rj*» || 
id Universities 15 


Church 18 Sport 

Coart IS Th«ne«tc JO 

OoK-onbl33 -?| 

Diary 14 Universities J5 

Events 20 Weather » 


****** 


By Clifford Loagley 

Religious Affairs 
Correspondent 
An official Church of Eng- 
land body has welcomed sex- 
ually explicit advertising 
against Aids, saying it is more 

important to warn young peo- 
ple of the dangers than to 
avoid shocking their elders. 

In a report submitted to 
Parliament, the church says it 
generally supports the 
i Government’s current anti- 
Aids programme, although it 

regrets that it does not put 
more emphasis on foe need 

for chastity. . . ■ , 

The, report, into ethical 
aspects of foe Aids epictermc, 
is from the. Bcsrd for Soajti 
Responsibility of the General 
Synod and is Deing submitted 
to foe House of Commons 
Social Services Committee. 

It declares that it is foe 

teachingoffoechurchfoat.au 

individuals should practice 


chastity before, d uri n g and 
outside marriage. 

“If this country returned to ’ 
biblical restraints on sexual 
behaviour, the mortal danger 
of Aids would soon 
disappear,” the report states. 

“Pairing and bonding are 
normally part of human na- 
ture, and promiscuity is con- 
trary to it Unchastity is 
contrary to foe natural law, 
and it is not therefore surpris- 
ing that human bodies are 
often ill-adapted to ft.” 

The Anglican statement 
again raises many of the issues 


complete defence against the 
transmission of Aids. They 
should be made available in 
ways which do not encourage 
promiscuity in the young, for 
instance through doctors’ 
surgeries and chemists’ shops. 

In foe United States, 
promotion of the use of 
condoms had resulted in only 
a 5 per cent increase in sales. 
The Board for Social 
Responsibility notes that there 
is a division of opinion in the 
Church of England concerning 
foe morality of homosexual 
activity in a stable exclusive 


already put forward on behalf relationship. The traditional 
of the Roman Catholic teaching in fevour of total 


Church, in particular, it 
doubts the wisdom of relying 
on foe condom and and 
suggests more emphasis 
should be placed on tra- 
ditional sexual morality. 

Condoms are not totally 
effective as a contraceptive, it 
says, and therefore not a 


sexual abstinence would pre- 
vent foe spread of Aids, as 
would the more liberal insis- 
tence on loyalty to one 
partner. 

The board states that there 
is no significant danger of the 
spread of Aids through sharing 
of foe Communion cup in 


church. Medical experts had 
assured the board that there 
was no evidence that Aids 
could be transmitted by sa- 
liva. But it notes that some 
parishes had begun to prefer 
the use of “intinetion” — 
dipping the host into the 
Communion wine rather than 
sipping foe wine from a shaded 
cup. 

The church suggests that the 
police, foe ambulance service, 
and the fire brigade should be 
given special Government ad- 
vice concerning Aids. 

The Bishop of Birmingham, 
Dr Hugh Montefiore, who is 
chairman of foe board, said: 
“It is because of promiscuity , 
that foe Aids virus has so j 
rapidly spread. "We . are : 
advocating chastity not be- 
cause we are moralizing, but 
for practical prevention.” 

Phone-in success, page3 

Leading article, page 15 


visit to Surinam. It was 
through this connection feat 
relations with Senor Castro 
were developed. 

Brazil continues to give aid, 
despite international attempts 
to isolate Surinam, in an effort 
to keep the Bouterse dictator- 
ship from Cuban influence. 

Privately, foe US Admin- 
istration welcomes efforts to 
diminish Cuba's influence but 
continues to maintain its own | 
ban on aid to Surinam. 

Four years ago Mr W illiam , 
Casey. Director of foe Central 
Intelligence Agency (CIA), 
proposed to foe House and 
Senate Intelligence Commit- 
tee that a plan should be 
devised to deal with the 
increasingty-Ieft-leaiung Gov- 
ernment of Surinam. 

He proposed arming a force 

Continued on page 20, col 6 

Death toll 
in Karachi 
reaches 98 

Karachi (Reuter) - Rioters 
tossed victims into burning 
buildings as rival Muslim 
communities battled in this 
Arabian sea port yesterday in 
bloody disorders that have 
taken nearly 100 lives in the 
past two days. 

Forty people were killed 
yesterday and nearly 200 in- 
jured as soldiers with orders to 
shoot-to-kill patrolled foe 
streets of Pakistan's largest 
city to quell violence between 
rival Pash tun and Mohajir 
communities. 

Another three people died 
of injuries received on Sun- 
day, bringing foe death toll 
from the city's worst explo- 
sion of ethnic violence to at 
least 98. 

Bhutto blames Jimejo, page 10 


CHRISTIE'S 

ST.JAMES’S =j 

8 King Street, London SWL Tel: 01-839 9060 

Tu esday 16 Dec ember at 10.30 a.m_ 

FINE ARCHITECTURAL DRAWINGS AND 
WATERCOLOURS, ENGLISH DRAWINGS 
AND WATERCOLOURS 

Tuesday 16 December at 11 ajn. 
IMPORTANT EUROPEAN SCULPTURE 
AND WORKS OF ART 

Tuesday 16 December at U a.m and 2.30 p m 
and Wednesday 17 D ecember at 1030 p m 
STAMPS OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE 

Wednesday 17 December at 11 a m 
DECORATIVE ARTS FROM 1880 
TO THE PRESENT DAY 

Wednesday 17 December at 10.30 am. 
IMPORTANT ENGLISH AND CONTINENTAL 
SILVER AND OBJECTS OFVERTU 

Wednesday 17 De cember at 2.30 p m. 

OBJECTS OFVERTU 

Thursday 16 December at 10.30 a m 
CONTEMPORARY CERAMICS 

Thursday 18 December at 11 aon. and !L30 pro. ' 
PRE-CHRISTMAS FINE WINES 

Christie's King Street will be dosed from LOO pan. 
Wednesday 24 December and wifi reopen on 

Monday 29 December 

Christie’s King Street will also be dosed on Thursday 1 
and Friday 2 January 

The 1987 season will begin on Thursday 22 January 
with a sale of Claitt and White Bordeaux 

Christie’s South Kensington is Open lor viewing on 
Mondays anti] 7 pjn. For further information on the 
12 sales this week, please telephone 01-581 7612 

Christie's South Kensington will be dosed from 
Wednesday 24 December and wQI reopen on 
Monday 29 December 

Christie's South Kensington will also be closed on 
Thursday 1 and Friday 2 January 

Christie's have 25 local offices in the U JL 
If you would like to know the same of your nearest 
representative please telephone Amelia Fitzakn Howard 
on 01-839 9060 extn. 2305 






HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


NEWS SUMMARY 


£l.5m scheme to 
back risk-takers 


A £15 million Initiative by tbe Manpower Services 
Commission to encourage “enterprising, risk-takiii and 
adventurous” people was 


risk-taking — . 
yesterday (Our 


Tbe scheme, to be known as Entrain, will provide 
enteipnse training through a cansortimn of 10 yocrtb, 
education, training and enterprise development nxganlz- 
Buons. It wOl give enterprise training to young people on 
YTS schemes. 

Lord Yoons of Grafiham, Secretary of State for 
Employment, launching the scheme in London, said the 
trend everywhere was in favour of those who woe skilled 
and adaptable with the ability to learn how to learn. 

He criticized the contribution that education had made 
towards soch a sense of enterprise. 

Entrain win introduce the training programmes in 116 
pilot areas early next year 


Marquess 
on charge 


Heart aid 
vanishes 


The Marquess of Hert- 
ford is to appear in a Crown 
Court charg'd with plough- 
ing up part of a Roman 
town bcuied cm his land. 

Magistrates of Akester, 
Warwickshire, yesterday 
refused to bear the case 
against the Marquess, aged 
54 of Ragley Hall in the 
nearby hamlet of Arrow, 
and he now faces committal 
proceedings in January. 

The prosecution, under 

the 1979 Ancients Monu- 
ments and Archaeology 
Act, was brought after a 
complaint by English Her- 
itage. Tbe Marquess was 
granted bail. 


A £30,000 computer used to 
monitor heart patients, tbe 
only one of Its type in Britain . 
has been stolen 10 days after it 
was delivered to St Mary’s 
Hospital, Portsmouth. 

The manufacturers had 
checked t b** tfls tel fe ri qy n on 
Friday. 

Staff found yesterday morn- 
ing that the computer had 
disappeared from the 
outpatients* department with 
another worth £3,400 used by 
doctors to check records. 

The hospital was last night 
seeking a back-up system to 
replace the machine, which 
had been used by five patients 
a day. 


SeUafield’s £30m bill 


The Sellafield midear reprocessing plant, threatened 
with closure unless immediate improvements are made, win 
cost £30 million to pot right 
That was disclosed yesterday by British Nuclear Fads 
four days after the Health and Safety Executive ordered 29 
changes to machinery, safety ami wwmagpwnt in a 
damning report on the condition of the ageing plant on the 
Cambrian coast 

A series of meetings between BNF and the Nuclear 
Installati ons Inspectorate of die safety executive, which 
spent six months preparing tbe report, will begin this week 
to discuss a timetable of improvements. BNF says the work 
will be completed within 12 months. 


Runcie 

bequest 


The Crisis at Christmas 
charity failed to elicit a gift 
of old clothes from the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, 
who when asked to contrib- 
ute clothing to die appeal 
for the homeless, said: w Fm 
still wearing them**. 

But yesterday Dr Robert 
Runde's wife, Rosalind 
(right), handed over a par- 
ed of her own clothes along 
with other donations at 
Lambeth Falacd. 

The charity wQ] house 
tfaonsands of homeless peo- 
ple at a disused factory off 
die Old Kent Rood in 
south-east London for six 
days from December 23. 


,/£ ... 





mi 





Shipyard jobs saved 


An international consortium led by a Texas off ma g nat e 
has taken over the Smith's Dock shipyard on Teesside, 
which is due to be dosed by British Shipbuilders in two 
weeks. 

An offer in die region of £3 million has been accepted 
from the group headed by Mr John Atwood, chairman of 
Atwood Turnkey Drilling Inc, of Houston. 

The yard, which launched its last vessel in October, em- 
ploys 1,400. The new owners will take on 200 workers next 
month to bn3d offshore supply boats and drilling modules 
and to carry out oil rig repairs. 

Atwood says it hopes eventually to re-employ a huge part 
of the existing labour force. 



CHRISTOPHER 
ANDREW 


5 CHRfST<)PHEK ANDREWS classic 
‘•■'Msfei’y- of the making of the British 
<* t ^Oonun m 1 1 1 >' i s i u >\\ out in 

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balanced and highly 
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••-*£* V-& > ^ as atfv spv novel 


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' 'Exce.lleriUv iniormed. well researched. 

?. Wmpats.i^eadmg ... . A fascinating story 
A. • jHiunph and failure’ . 

:• Telegraph 

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Liberal plan to close health pay gap 


By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

liberals called yesterday for 
phased “catching up” pay 
rises of between 10 and 20per 
cent for health service staff, in 
a move that threatens the 
Affiance’s efforts to keep tight 
control over its spending plans 
for a future government. 

Party leaders meet today to 
complete their Joint policy 
statement. Partnership for 
Progress. There was irritation 
in $DP circles last night that 
tffe Liberals bad broken an 
agreement not to make uni- 
lateral commitments. 

The new draft, intended to 
form the basis for the Alliance 
manifesto, has been toned 


down to keep its pledges in 
line with the coalition's public 
expenditure plans, thrown 
into disarray by the Chan- 
cellor’s autumn statement, 
which increased spending by 
£4.5 billion. 


more than 


It is understood that prom- 
ises on pension^ equalizing 
retirement ages for men and 
women at 60 and tying in- 
creases to rises in earnings, 
have both been watered down. 


The joint policy committee 
is also expected to backtrack 
on controversial changes cov- 
ering taxes and benefits, which 
provoked a storm in the 
summer when SDP spokes- 
men said they would affect 


people earning 
£10,000 a year. 

They mil be phased in 
rather than introduced all at 
once. 

The call for catching-up 
rises for up to one minion 
workers is contained in Fair 
Pay for HNS §t&F from the 
Liberal Party’s health panel 
Although it says such in- 
creases should tie spread over 
several yearn, with the health 
service pay biff running at £9 
billion, tbe proposal has enor- 
mous implications for public 
spending. 

The discussion paper pro- 
poses a public service pay 
information board to spear- 
head a massive comparability 


exercise and to *** 

pay structure in the NHS. 

It says that present .injus- 
tices cannot be remedied by 
across-the-board increases 
and that “pay in the NHS 
needs to catch up with that m 
comparable occupations out- 
side, and also keep up with 
further movements so that the 
gap does not widen again". 

Mr Archie Kirkwood, 
Liberal health spokesman, ac- 
cused the Government of 
making the NHS “the largest 
employer of low-paid workers 
in the country”. 

The paper does not cite any 
figures but Mr Duncan Brack, 
Mr Kirkwood’s researcher, 
quoted figures showing that 


fiora 1980-81 to 1985-86 av- 
erage earnings had increased 
by 49 per cent w ^ e fr 1056 °* 
NHS ancillaries had gone up 
by 31 per cent and nurses and 
midwives by 39 xr> cent. 
Prices had risen by 39 percent 
The Liberals wanted to 

gSfngbfrSea^Sd.?^ 

a number of yean, be saw* 

• The rift over defence be- 
tween the wo parties will also 
be formally sealed when die 
joint policy committee de- 
cides the wording of a new 
clause endorsing the agreed 
poliev of maintaining ana, it 
necessary, modernizing Po- 
laris until the nuclear deter- 
rent is negotiated away. 


Shoot-to-kill 
investigation 
‘step nearer 
completion’ 


By Richard Ford 


Tbe second part of the 
report into allegations that the 
Royal Ulster Constabulary 
operated a shoot-to-kill policy 
is expected to be sent to tbe 
Director of Public Prosecu- 
tions in Northern Ireland 
within the next few weeks. 

Mr Colin Sampson, tbe 
Chief Constable ofWest York- 
na is putting the finishing 
touches to his findings after 
interviewing Sir John Her- 
mon, the RUC Chief Con- 
stable, about six controversial 
killings in 1982. 

His latest findings concern 
the shooting dead of five 
unarmed alleged terrorists in 
Armagh and Luigan by an 
undercover RUC squad dur- 
ing the autumn of 1982. An 
earlier report into the killing 
of a youth, aged 17, at a hay 
shed near Luigan has been 
with Sir Bany Shaw, the DPP 
in the province, since October. 
The third part of the report, 
into the management and 
operation of the RUC is not 
expected to be completed until 
next year. 

Sir Barry has made no 
decision on whether criminal 
ceedings should be brought 
against RUC officers and is 
making it dear be will not 
make a decision until all three 
sections of tbe Sampson in- 
quiry are completed. 

\ccording to similar reports 
in the Irish Times and The 
Guardian yesterday up to 
eight members of the RUC are 
expected to be charged by 
March with offences likely to 
include conspiracy to pervert 
the course of justice. But the 
Government denied yesterday 


that it had given any assurance 
to the Irish Government that 
prosecutions would be 
brought in relation to altej 
tions that the police operated a 
shoot-to-kill policy. 

The Northern Ireland Of- 
fice said: “The Secretary of 
State and minister s have no 
part to play in this decision- 
making; and therefore cannot 
give assurances to anyone 
regarding the outcome of cases 
referred to the DPP. The DPP 
has a a independent role to 
play in deciding if any cases 
referred to him warrant the 
instigation of criminal 
proceedings.” 

However, the investigation, 
which was initially carried out 
by Mr John Stalker, the 
deputy Chief Constable of 
Greater Manchester, has been 
raised at the joint Anglo-Irish 
ministerial .conferences as the 
Irish Government believes a 
satisfactory conclusion of the 
affair is essential if national- 
ists in the North are to have 
confidence in tbe administra- 
tion of justice in Ulster. 

The report that assurances 
have been given during tbe 
private ministerial meetings 
have confirmed tbe suspicions 
of Unionists. 

Mr Frank Millar, the gen- 
eral secretary of the Official 
Unionists, called on the Sec- 
retary of State to produce the 
minutes of all relevant dis- 
cussions on the issue to allay 
real and justifiable fears. 

- He said that it was a serious 
matter as it appeared to 
question the independent role 
of the DPP in the judicial 
system. 


Dean calls 
for levy 
support 


By Michael McCarthy 

Voting closes on Thursday 
for the ballot of Sogat '82 
members on a compulsory 
levy to relieve the drain on the 
print union’s finances caused 
by the Wapping dispute. 

The 206,000 members 
nationwide are being asked to 
contribute 58p a week for six 
months to save the union 
from what its general sec- 
retary, Miss Brenda Dean, has 
said may be possible 
bankruptcy. 

Under Sogat’s rules, the 
union's national executive 
could have imposed a levy 
without consultation, but such 
a move would have been 
unpopular with the vast 
majority of tbe members un- 
affected by the dispute with 
News International, many of 
whom are continuing to han- 
dle The Times and the 
company’s other titles. The 
Sunday Times. The Sun and 
The News qfThe World. 

The dispute began when 
5,100 printwofkers went on 
strike and were dismissed 
before the company trans- 
ferred production of its news- 
papers to its new plant at 
Wapping in east London. 

Miss Dean has spelt out 
Sogafs difficult financial pos- 
ition in a special edition of the 
union's journal in which she 
appealed for support for the 
levy. 

She said that Sogat had been 
“financially crippled” by the 
heavy legal costs incurred 
when the union’s assets were 
sequestrated by the High 
Court early in tbie dispute, and 
by the large sums paid out in 
benefit, which together are 
thought to total about 
£2.5 million. 

Damages daims made by 
News International may even- 
tually total a further £2 mil- 
lion or even more, 

A “yes” vote in the levy 
ballot is generally expected. 

• Six men were arrested early 
yesterday when a group of 
nearly 300 demonstrators at- 
tempted to force open the 
main gate of the Wapping 
plant shortly after 3 am. The 
men, variously charged, with 
obstruction and threatening 
behaviour, were remanded on 
bail to appear at Thames 


Magistrates' Court on Decem- 

hftr 52 


ber 22 and 23. 


Prince in 
appeal to 
business 


By Alan Hamilton 

The Prince of Wales last 
night launched a crusade to 
persuade British industry and 
business to dig much deeper 
into its corporate pocket and 
increase substantially its don- 
ations to charity. 

At a reception at 10 
Downing Street, hosted by the 
Prime Minister, the Prince 
formally initiated the Per Cent 
Oub, which commits its 
members to donating at least 
half of 1 per cent of their pre- 
tax profits to job creation, new 
businesses, inner city regener- 
ation and other charitable 
causes. 

The Prince has been an 
enthusiastic supporter of the 
scheme since Sir Hector 
Laing, chairman of United 
Biscuits, brought the idea back 
from the United States earlier 
this year. 

The Prince hopes that at 
least some of the money 
generated will be directed 
towards his favoured cause, 
the inner city, although com- 
panies will remain free to put 
their charitable effort in any 
direction they choose. 

The dub hopes to recruit 
the 200 top British companies, 
but so far only 67 have 
committed themselves. Last 
year those 67 gave £18 million 
to charity; their commitment 
to the dub would increase 

their annual do nation to 

£50 million. 

Following a change in tax 
laws, companies can now 
claim tax relief os charity 
contributions of up to 3 per 
cent of gross dividend. 





Head wins 
court fight 
over Brent 
inquiry 


By John Clare 
Education Correspondent 


Miss Maureen McGoldrick, 
the head teacher at the centre 
of a dispute over allegations of 
racism, was yesterday granted 
an injunction by the High 
Court preventing Brent coun- 
cil in north-west London from 
holding a disciplinary inquiry 
into her case. 

She was also given leave to 
s ffp lc. a judicial review of the 
coondrs decision to go ahead 
with the inquiry. 

Miss McGoldrick was 
granted injunctions prevent- 
ing the council from the 
bolding the inquiry, which 
had bepn planned for tomor- 
row, or taking any further 
proceedings against her until 
ber application for judicial 


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London, 


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sorted st Nine Ehns office, strata 
ph: Graham Wood). 


review can be heard, probably 
in the new year. 

Mr Justice Webster said he 
was satisfied that Miss Mc- 
Goldrick had “serious issues 
to be tried”. 

Mr David Turner-Sarnuels, 
QC, for Brent, told the judge 
that although the Court of 
Appeal had said it would be 
“unwise” for the council to 


Gas acceptance letters 
swell record for mail 


By Kenneth Gosling 

A record number of cuds Coles invented mechanics Hy- 


and parcels being sent by post 
this Christmas was boosted 
yesterday by 45 mfflkm Brit- 
ish Gas acceptance fetters 
which poshed up the day’s 
total to 120 million items. 

More than 1300 million 
Christmas cards have been 
posted so for, exceeding the 
expected total of 1376 minion, 
while 25.6 million calendars 
have been sent, compared with 
19 mOlfen la 1982. 

A Post Office spoke s wo ma n 
said that people had been 
encouraged to post early by tbe 
12p discount stamp, of Which 
300 mSfion were issued. 

While postage costs hare 
come down, the average price 
of Christmas cards is stiD wily 
8p, 143 years after Sir Henry 


printed greeting cards. 

Sk Henry had 1,000 cards 
printed. Those smpiss to his 
requirements were sold at a 
Bond Strerf, London, shop at a 
shining each. 

The most expensive Christ 
mas card, made of Ivory, was 
sort by an Indian prince 80 
years ago. It cost £500300 and 
involved foe daughter of 40 
elephants. 

The Post Office paid tribute 
to improved pared wrapping 
techtoqnes. “Much better. Far 
fewer are reaching Heartbreak 
Cemex,” the spokeswoman 
said. 

Tomorrow is the last pasting 
day for second class mail in 
time for Christmas. First dass 
maff doses on Friday. 


continue its action, it was not 
ruled unlawful 
Later, an official of the 
National Union of Teachers, 
which has been backing Miss 
McGoldrick, said the applica- 
tion for a judicial review 
would be withdrawn if Mr 
Kenneth Baker, the Secretary 
of State for Education and 
fence, used his powers to 
intervene under the Education 
.Act 1944. 

Mr Baker said he was 
waiting for Brent’s reply to his 
latest request for information 
and would be looking at it 
“very, closely” later today. He 
pointed out that the Act 
required him to be fully 
satisfied that the council was 
acting, or planning to act, 
unreasonably. 

He added; “My first con- 
cern remains a just outcome t o 
this affair and a speedy return 
to normal for the children of 
Sudbury Infants School”. 

Brent council accused the 
NUT of “taking advantage of 
the legal system to prevent ‘ 
council from carrying out its 
legally established rights as an 
employer”. 


Rover plan 
for shops 
to create 
7,000 jobs 


Defence contracts 


Shorts 9 £225m missile deal 


By a Staff Reporter 


Northern Ireland's 
manufacturing employer” 
won a £225 million contract to 
supply the armed forces with a 
new generation of air defence 


Short Brothers, of East Bel- 
fast, has been awarded the 
Jest single order in its 
history by the Ministry of 
Defence for the Starstreak 
system, to enter service in the 
early 1990s. 

The order will secure 1,500 
jobs in the company’s missile 
System division, and provide 
work for 3,500-4,000 people 
employed by sub-contractors 
in the rest of the United 
Kingdom. 

Sr P hilip Foreman, chair- 
man of Shorts, said yesterday 
that the Starstreak system had 
also been offered to the 
United States Army. “The 
export potential is enormous 
and could rise to £1 billion, 
further consolidating the jobs 
of thousands who are directly 
and indirectly employed on 
the project”, he said. 

More than 100 test firings of 
Starstreak have been carried 
out as part of a demonstration 
programme. The small, dose- 
range guided missifehas evol- 
ved from the company's 
shoulder-held Blowpipe and 
Javelin -systems, which have 


been supplied to 20 aimed 
forces and 14 countries. . 

Starstreak is capable of 
destroying aff current and 
foreseen helicopters and 
grotmd-atteck fighter aircraft 
with its missile. 

The contract is a big boost 
for Shorts, which has recently 
been at tbe centre of con- 


troversy over allegations of 
sectarian discrimination on 
the simp floor. 

• AMs, the Coventry military 
equipment malrer, bias won a 
£40 million contract to supply 
about 130 Stormer armoured 
personnel carriers to act as 
mobile- launchers for 
Starstreak. 


BAe backs Boeing in 
return for Airbus aid 

By Onr Air Correspondent 


British Aerospace manage- 
ment is privately backing a 
Boeing proposal to provide the 
next generation of early-want- 
ing aircraft, in the belief that it 
benefit from the political 


BAe is trying to convince the 
Government to provide up to 
£750 million in launch aid far 
the Airbus A340 long-range 
jet, which it is hoped will 
challenge the dominance of 
Boring. 

Management believes its 
hand wifi be strengthened if 
the GEC Nimrod is tamed 
down,' because the Govern- 
ment will- not want to be seen 
to be giving it slop in tbe face to 
two teg aerospace companies. 

BAe is also bidding to sell a 


of aircraft and missiles 
to ffie United States. Manage- 
ment believes its sales argu- 
ment will be greatly siren 
thened if Britain spends npfo 
£800 miffioa on the US early- 
warning system, Awacs. 

Under a tacit agreement, 
known as the 
street”, British militar y hard- 
ware wiD be sold in America to 
balance any safes of US 
equipment here. 

BAe i s confident it wO] be 
favourite to win a lucrative 
contract to fit out the Boeing 

Talks with the Department 
of Industry on funds for the 
European A340 have so for 
come to nothing, partly be- 
cause of the contii'ing 
Nimrod/Awacs hwttfe , . 


Heavyweight poser for airline pilots 


By Harvey Elliott 
Air Correspondent 


Heavyweight men are 
throwing airline fori calcula- 
tions into chaos. 


today is at least 10 _ 
heavier than 10 years ago, and 
the weight of the hand luggage 
he takes on board b rising too. 


But pilots calculating the 
amomit of fuel they need to Bft 
the new breed of passengers 
are still using average weights 
which are for too tew, throwing 
oottheir precise calculations 


and raising the risk of taking 
on too tittle fori. 

Tbe Civil Aviation 
Authority has w ritte n to all 
airlines telling them to in- 
crease the “notional weight” 
given for each passenger. 

Originally every passenger 
was weighed as he or she 
ducked m for a flight. But the 
need to speed up the check-in 
process led to the introduction 

of the notional weight. 

The last time it was tested, 
more titan 10 years ago, foe 
average man was found to 
weigh list 81b (75kg) and the 
average woman lOst 21b (65 


kg). A recent spot check of 
hundreds of passengers at 
both Heathrow and Gatwick 

iKmtoa d that mwi am getting 

heavier bat not women. 

The CAA wants the no- 
tional weight of the average 
man to be increased to 12st 61 b 
(80kg) bnt the women’s weight 
will remain the same. 

The test also disclosed that 
tbe notional weight given for 
children aged mrier 12, 6$tilb 
(39kg), was too high and 


taken 


The biggest difference in 
weight over tin decade, how- 
ever, has been in the hand 


on board. It 
_ just 6.61b 
(3kg) but has shot op to at 

least 13.21b (6kg). 

ban attempt to simplify the 
entire calculation, the CAA 
has toU the airlines that it 
proposes to introdaoe one 
notional weight, which will 
include hand luggage. 

The CAA said: is essen- 
tial, especially for charter 
operators, that the airlines 
have an aconite method of 
assessing how much their 
passengers w31 weigh so they 
can make the proper calcula- 
tions for taking on board foeT. 


28-day 

remands 

proposed 


By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 
Correspondent 

The Government is consid- 
ering increasing from eight to 
28 days the maximum period 
a magistrates' court can re- 
mand a defendant in custody 
at any one time pending 
summary trial or committal. 

If there is a favourable 
response to proposals yes- 
terday in a consultation docu- 
ment, the change will be 
added to the Criminal Justice 
Bill, now before Parliament. 

At present, the law says that 
with certain exceptions a 
magistrates' court shall not 
remand a person in custody, 
pending a further appearance 
before it, for a period exceed- 
ing eight dear days. Mag- 
istrates can after eight days 
renew the remand in custody. 

Tbe proposal is that, when 
remanding a defendant in 
custody pending summary 
trial or committal, the court 
should be required, after hear- 
ing representations, to reach a 
view on the period wi thin 
which the case may make 
progress. The court should 
then remand the case for that 
period or for a nwriminw of 
28 days. 

But the Government also 
proposes that the defendant 
should be able to apply to the 
court during the remand for a 
hearing to be held before that 
period expires. The mound 
would be that new informa- 
tion was available relevant to 
the progress of the case. 

.The object of the change is, 
with safeguards for the defen- 
dant, to avoid unnecessary 
appearances in court. A re- 
view by the Home Office and 
Lord Chancellor's Depart- 
mernhas estimated that about 
68,000 remand appearances a 
Tear serve no useful purpose. 


ICI fined 

£ 2,000 


ICI, the che mical con- 
sortium, has been fined £2,000 
and ordered to pay £200 costs 
by Wmsford magistrates for 
polluting the River Weaver in 
Cheshire. 

r ^^ 1 ^ 3ert : Oldfield, acting 
*° r *u, said the company 

admitted discharging effluent 

into the nver. 


By Ronald Faux 
Employment Affairs 

Correspondent 

A £100 million shopping 
and leisure centre on ff>e site 
of the former Lcyland truck 
plant at Bathgate m Scotland 
was announced yesterday by 
the Rover Group. 

The project will take three 
years to complete, u tt is 
approved by. Wot Lothian 
district council the planning 
authority and would create 
jobs for 3,000 construction 
workers and 4,000 staff. 

Many former Bathgate 
workers are still on unemploy- 
ment benefit, contributing to 
the area's 30 per cent jobhss 
total. At its height in 1978 
Bathgate had a workforce of 
5,600. J . . 

Rover said yesterday t hat it 
had found enough interest 
from potential developers to 
transform the site into a 
thriving commercial centre. 

Mr Graham Day, group 
chairman, said that Rover was 
not going into the leisure 
business. Tbe site was costing 
£100,000 to maintain and that 
continuing drain had to be 
halted. The company also had 
a statutory duty to manage its 
assets effectively and a moral 
responsibility to the com- 
munity. 

No realistic prop ositio n for 
continued manufacturing a! 
the plant had been found and 
none of the few inquiries there 
had been offered any hope 
that employment levels would 
be recovered. 

The architects commis- 
sioned by Rover are proposing 
covered, air-conditioned two- 
storey shops and a leisure 
complex a third of a mile long. 
It will have a central mall, 
three big department stores, 
and smaller shops. 

There are also plans for a 
cinema, swimming pool and 
ice rink, parking space for 
8,000 cars and an extension of 
the Edinburgh to Bathgate 
railway. 

Rover will retain ownership 
of the development area and 
will act in effect as landlord. 

The workforce at the plant, 
established 22 years ago, was 
cut to 1.800 as the world 
market for vehicles grew more 
difficult, before Bathgate 
closed in 1985. The company 
insisted that closure was 
essential to reduce operating 
COStS by £10 milli on. 

Bathgate workers with 15 
service received about 
in redundancy pay- 
ments. .... 

Details aod jnctnre, page 21 


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MPs summon dentist 
to explain ‘wholly 
unacceptable’ conduct 


THE TIMES TUESDAY DE< IER 16 1986 




HOME NEWS 


By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 

-asJSiSSS , 0 a ™ 


aplain what thTH^M Ser- 
vite Commissioner has de- 
scribed as his “wholly un- 
acceptable” behaviour. 

Sir Antony Buck, chair man 
of the committee which shad- 
ows the Ombudsman, said 
yesterday: “This doctor was 
severely criticized in the 
Ombudsman's report and it 
seemed to me to be appro- 
priate that he should be given 
the opportunity to put his side 
of the case to the committee, 
andthat be should be riven an 
opportunity to explain his 
conduct” 


sSSeSS S3S3S 

raKaS 6 * ss^s-i* 

Mr Geoffrey Wood, of the dren being given anaesthetics 
Air owe Park Hospital in the for minor denial work, only to 
Wirral, will be asked by the discover Later that half their 
committee why on three occa- teeth had been removed, 
sions it took him more than in one instance, a mother 
lour months to respond to gave consent for “dentistry" 
patients complaints, in spite which she understood to be 
or repeated reminders and three fillings, tccth- clcanin e 
wanUD S s - and possibly oue extraction. 


The Health Service Com- 
missioner concluded that Mr 
Wood was “at best inept and 
at worst perverse", and that 
“common sense should have 
told the consultant that a 
prompt, formal and constnio- 
Qve response was required 
from him ” 

On two other occasions Mr 
Wood look more than four 
months to respond to com- 
plaints, finally replying with a 
single sentence: “I live no 
comment to make on the 
content of the letters sent by 
the respective authors.” 

It took a further approach 
by the hospital administrator 
to obtain a more detailed 
response. 


Eight teeth were, in feet, 
removed. 

In another, a mother gave 
consent for what she believed 
was to be a denial examina- 
tion which had proved impos- 
sible without an anqes ihgtic- 
“She was horrified to discover 
when her daughter recovered 
from the anaesthetic that afl 
her top teeth bad been 
removed." 

In both cases the Health 
Service Commissioner con- 
cluded that the descriptions of 
likely dental treatment were 
“so inadequate that the 
‘consents' they (the mothers) 
gave were travesties”. 

The health authority has 
apologized for both cases, and 
the committee will seek ways 
of preventing a repetition. 

Mr Wood agreed last night 
that the delays were inexcus- 
able but claimed that bis own 
and other people's intervening 
holidays and postal delays 
made them appear worse than 
they actually were. 

He also said that while he 
was directly involved in the 
surgery that gave rise to the 
first complaint, he was only 
the consultant in admin- 
istrative chaige of the unit in 
the case of the second two. 


Winners 


James Allen, aged 3, getting a spoonful of jelly from the actress Twiggy at a Christmas party in Norwood, south London, 
yesterday, one of more than 60 held by the store chain Woohvorfo throughout the United Kin gdom for more 3,000 

children from Dr Bamardo homes (Photograph: Stuart Nicol). 


Aids radio South retains grip 
a succe&s on economic gap 


By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

There, has not been a Government has been East 
oaence Lorrespoi'nt substantial widening of the An g lia 

Radio warnings on the dan- economic gap between North Growth in GDP a head in 
rs of Aids are emerging as and South under Mrs Mar- East Anglia from 1980-85 
le of the most effective garct Thatcher, according to exceeded the national average 
cans of public education official figures published yes- by 1.1 per cent a year. It was 
out the disease. . today. However, the statis- followed by Wales, with 

More than 1,000 callers a tics, published in the growth of 0.7 per cent a year 
y have been contacting BBC November issue of Economic above the average, and Scot- 
idio’s Helpline to seek ad- Trends, show that the gap is land, which was 0.4 per cent 
x on advice. More than 85 still wide. higher. The fieures exclude 


gers of Aids are emerging as 
one of the most effective 
means of public education 
about the disease. . 

More than 1,000 callers a 
day have been contacting BBC 
Radio’s Helpline to seek ad- 
vice on advice. More than 85 
per cent are heterosexuals and 
most are women, according to 
Broadcasting Support Ser- 
vices, which is running the 
phone-in campaign. 

The campaign began four 
days ago with bulletins on 
Radios 1, 2 and 4 in which : 
personalities such as Jimmy ’ 
Young and Sue MacGregor 
give details of the confidential 
telephone service. 

The service is in addition to 
the Government’s messages 
on Aids which began to be 
broadcast on independent ra- 
dio stations yesterday and will 
run until December 31. 

The BBC announcements 
give details of a free number 
where trained staff from 
volunteer agencies, doctors 
and other health workers, 
provide advice to callers. The 
cost of the calls is being met by 
the Department of Health ana 
Social Services. 

• The number is 0800-567- 
123, and the lines win remain 
open between Sam and 1 1pm - 
until Christmas. 

"The vast majority of call- 
ers want to know how Aids 
can and cannot be passed on," 
Mr Keith Smith, director of 
Broadcasting Support Ser- 
vices, said yesterday. 

"About a quarter of the 
people ringing us are worried 
that they may have been 
exposed to the Aids virus, and 
want to know how to get a 
test.” 

0 The first special home to 
help reformed drug addicts to 
care for their children is due to 
open next year in Brighton, 
east Sussex. 

Special hygiene regulations 
will be in force at the home, 
which will operate on the 
assumption that all residents 
and staff are potential carriers 
of Aids. Drug addicts are a 
high-risk Aids group. 

Gang attacks 
woman, 102, 
and daughter 

A woman aged 1 02 and her 
dau ghter, aged 73, were at- 
tacked and robbed of their 
savings by a masked gang who 
broke into their Birmingham 
home, the police said yes- 
terday. 

Mre Lily Buncle, who is deaf 
and partially sighted, vras 
lying on a bed-settee in the 
living room and her daughter, 
Mrs Lillian Meddings, was m 
a chair when three raiders 
burst in through a window. 
Mre Meddings was almost 
suffocated in the attack, police 
said. 

She had challenged the men 
and one of them punched her 
in the ribs and threw her on 
top of her mother. 

Mrs Meddings started to 
scream and the robber held a 
cushion down on her lace 
until she almost lost con- 
sciousness. 

Inspector Mick Williams, of 

S on two frail women 
who stood no chance oi 
defending themselves . 


Government has been East 

An g lia 

Growth in GDP a head in 
East Anglia from 1980-85 
exceeded the national average 
by 1.1 per cent a year. It was 
followed by Wales, with 


land, which was 0.4 per cent 
higher. The figures exdude 


Income per head in Greater North Sea oil and gas output. 


London, aftertax and national Yorkshir 

insurance contributions, writ _ t _ , 
22.9 per cent above the m- 
tionaJ average last year. It was „ hU 

32.4 per cent higher than in SStoern It 
the North, defined as Cum- 
bna, Duriwm and Northum- ££rta%ar. 
berland. 32J2 per cent higher 3 
than in Yorkshire and Hum- One encc 
bearide, and 27.9 per cent the femes 
above foe North-west. foe fortun 


GP tells of 
‘knife 
accident 9 

A doctor described to the 
Central Criminal Court yes- 
terday how he accidentally cut 
his wife’s throat while trying 
to teach her a lesson. 

Dr John Baksh, aged S3, 
who denies murdering his first 
wife. Ruby, and attempting to 
murder feus second, Madhn, 
said he had no intention of 
butting his second wife when 
be pointed a knife at her throat 
after a series of disposes. 1 

The coart has heard that 
Mrs Madhn Baksh, also a 
doctor, was fimtd hi hashes 
with her throat slit at Keston 
Ponds, near Bromley, on 
January 4 tins year but 
“miracnfawsly” survived. 

Dr Baksh claimed he and 
Madhn planned to spend a 


Transplant surgery ethics 


Experts to question Yacoub 


Two readers shared yester- 
day’s Portfolio GoM prize iff 
£4,000. 

Mr Thomas Howarfo, aged 
59, an unemployed pordnsing 
from Unnstoa in 
Manchester, 1ms played (he 
Portfolio Gold game since it 
started In The Tones. 

When asked how he in- 
tended spending the prize 
money, Mr Howartb said: “TQ 
have a nice C hr i st m as and 111 
buy my wife a nice present”. 

Mr Richard Gooch, aged 35, 
a technician from Newcastle 
upon Tyne, said he was 
“elated and pleased” to have 
woo a Portfolio Gold share. 

“I wifi use the winnings to 
pay off most of my debts and 
bay a few Christmas presents, 
which I would not otherwise 
have been able to afford”, be 
said. 

Readers who wish to play 
the game can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 

Blackburn, 

BB1 6AJ. 


By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

A group of experts on Yacoub, would be “very can tre 
medical ethics will question a willing” to give their views. source 
leading transplant surgeon Dr Norman Halliday, sc- plantat 
about his decision to gran foe nior principal medical officer able to 


heart of a baby bora without a at the DHSS, said yesterday 


brain into another infest 


that the ethics of such cases 


The surgeon. Professor must be studied to avoid a 
Magdi Yacoub, performed the possible public reaction 
operation to try to save a baby against donor organ surgery. 


Yorkshire and Humberside 
grew at a rate 0.5 per cent a 
year below the national av- 
erage, while the North-west, 
Northern Ireland and the East 
Midlands all lagged by 0 l 2 per 


One encouraging feature of 
the figures is foe recovery in 
foe fortunes of the West 


Such is the concentration of Midlands, hit hard by the; 
income in Britain that only manufacturing recession 
three areas, Greater T uition, which occurred soon after foe I 


it had tinned mtD “sheer hell”. 

He said Madhn had been 
very quarrelsome and agitated 
and during cam argument bad 
threatened him with a knife, 
saying she was going to cad his 
throat 

T%ey finally decided to go to 
see friends to get advice. Dr 
Baksh said he took a knife 
with him so he could show the 
friends “fast bow serums 


the rest of the South-east and present Government took of- 
East Anglia, have income free. Last year, GDP per head 
levels a head above the. na- to the West Midlands had i 
tional average. recovered to 923 per i 

However, foe picture has the national average, 
not changed markedly in re- - 
cent years. In 1975, income GDP per head (UKaYge 
per head in Greater London ■ 
was 20.2 per cent above the Region 197! 

national average, 29.7 per cent Norfa . 93.E 

cent above Yorkshire and East AngUa 92J 

Humberside and 23.4 per cent QrraterLondon 125. 8 

above foe North-west Rest of South East 103.6 

Gross domestic product ,noc 

(GDP) a head, a wider mea- 'ggj 

sure of regional prosperity, wales 88J 

shows that foe most successful Scotland 97.1 

regibn under the current if®**™ 8u.i 


He explained he had been 
drinking heavily, taken three 
slimming pflls, and had given 


Doctor ‘seen 
as easy 
drugs source’ 

Heroin addicts travelled to | 
a Harley Street doctor from as 
far away as Glasgow because it ; 
was so easy to get drugs 1 
through him, it was claimed , 
yesterday. i 

The addicts paid Dr 
Mohammed Rahman £20 for | 
each prescription for a heroin | 
substitute, the General Medi- 
cal Council was told. 

Mr Graham Boai, for the 
GMC, said it was believed 
some sold prescriptions to 
raise money for their next 
visit _ 

Mr Boal added: “Dr 
Rahman's patients came from 
a wide catchment area. It must 
have been obvious to him he 
was offering something they 
were unable to obtain in their 
own local areas.” 

Dr Rahman, of Chestnut 
Drive, Harrow, west London, 
is accused of serious pro- 
fessional misconduct by ir- 
responsibly issuing numerous 
prescriptions in return for 
fees. 

The hearing continues 


recovered to 923 per cent of Madhn an rejection iff mor- 
foe national average. phine for a pain to her chest. 

■ — “When we got to Keston 

GDPper bead (UKaYge =100) Ponds I wanted to stop. I 
■■ thoagbt if we both got some 

Region 1975 1985 fresh air we would be better. 

North 93.6 929 “I helped her over a feme 

Yocfc^Humtoarekte 94.1 91.8 and wanted her to sit down. 

EastAnSa* 18 He 1007 She was mattering some odd 

foStoffiidon 12§J 1257 things. Suddenly she said: 

Rest of South East 103.8 107.7 ‘Where’s the knife?* 

Southwest 903 93.9 «*| thonfot she was last 

nSSiwST* 1 "so? Mminating. I iMde hw sfr 

Wales 887 809 down near a bush. Then I 

Scotland 97.1 97.4 foolishly went bock to tiie car 

Northern Ireland 80.1 74.1 and brought the knife from the 

~ ~ hack seat had to her. I should 

“7 m m not have done.” 

Award for MS ^“3*™ 
victim makes 
legal history 

A man who suffered severe felt — to have someone point a 
injuries in a road crash made knife at someone’s neck 
legal history at the High Court _ “I told her There’s your 
in Loudon yesterday because knife'. She pushed it with her 
his £55,000 damages award left hand. 


Award for MS 
victim makes 
legal history 


included an undisclosed amo- 


Baksh demonstrated 


unt for foe acceleration of his ftow wife’s hand came up 
multiple sclerosis condition, and pushed the knife. It was 
Mr Patrick Blake, aged 21, foe pressure of her hand which 
of Kingsreead Avenue, Wor- cm her neck, he added, 
cester Park, Surrey, was di- “Because of my state of 
agnosed as having multiple w y I did not behave in the 
sclerosis in January 1982, six way I should have and eallgrf 
months before foe accident for help. I was in a state iff 
Mr Justice Rose said that pinip and rushed home.” 
after the accident, in which Mr He agreed with Mr Robin 
Blake suffered multiple iryu- Simpson, QC for the defence, 
ries to his right side, including tha t he M just pointed the 
his right teg, knee, arm and knife at her seek to “teach her 
shoulder, his condition deteri- n lesson or whatever*’, 
orated The prosecution has alleged 

“This is the first time to my be gave Rnby a massive drugs 
knowledge that a court has overdose on New Year’s Day 
had to decide whether an 1983, white on holiday in 
accident has accelerated raid- Spain, so he could marry 
tiple sclerosis. Mr, Blake's Madhn. 
multiple sclerosis was made Dr Baksh said that he did 
worse by the accident. It not think at the time that 
accelerated his condition by Madhn was dying, aid hoped 
about 15 years,” the judge she might walk home, 
said. The bearing continues. 


" the judge she might walk fume. 

I The bearing continues. 

Third World aid 


aged 17 weeks which had a 
serious heart defect The child 
died two days later. 

A working party to study the 
ethical issues of such surgery 
was being set up at foe request 
of foe Department of Health 
and Social Security before 
controversy broke at the week- 
end over foe operation at 
■ Harefield Hospital, west 
London. 

Professor Yacoub will be 
one of many doctors and fey 
experts asked to help foe 
group to form guidelines. 

A hospital spokesman said 
yesterday that it welcomed foe 
formation of foe group and 
said that its transplant special- 
ists, including Professor 

Orchestra 
in merger 
bid ‘safe’ 

By Gavin Bdl 
The Arts CoundJ has 
pledged financial support for 
foe Fhilhannonia Orchestra, 
after a takeover bid by a rival 
London orchestra. 

The council, which funds all 
Britain’s main orchestras, said 
that there was no question of 
foe PhUharmoma’s subsidy 
bong threatened if it resisted 
the proposed merger with the 
London Philharmonic. 

Relations between the 
managing directors of the two 
orchestras were evidently 
strain ed yesterday, after a 

©f^foe* LPO, that lhey^be 
amalgamated under a holding 
company controlled by the 
LPO. 

Mr Christopher Bishop, of 
foe Fhilharmonia, rejected the 
overture as “idiotic”, and 
yesterday reiterated that he 
would not discuss any future 
collaboration with foe LPO 
until it was withdrawn. 

A report in . The Sunday 
Times said that the 
PbUharraonia could forfeit the 
sympathy of foe funding 
authorities if it rejected the 
initiative. However, the Arts 
Council said yesterday: “We 
refute completely the sugges- 
tion that should foe Philhar- 
monia not wish to be taken 
over by the LPO, that this 
would prejudice their 
subsidy.” 

This year foe Philhannonia 
received £485,000 and the 
LPO £406,000. 

Rover arrests 

Police investigating the 
theft of tools and other equip- 
ment worth thousands of 
pounds from Austin Rover at 
Cowley, Oxford, arrested 12 
people yesterday. Six were 
charged and the rest released 


Previous reports of donor 
hearts being taken from very 
young babies had mggesterf 
that the donor infants might 
be anencephalic, that is, born 
without a brain. The con- 
dition is extremely rare. 

The working party will be 
led by Sir Raymond 
Hoffenbeig, chairman of foe 
Conference of Medical Royal 
Colleges and their Faculties. 

Sir Raymond, who is also 
president of the Royal College 
of Physicians, said yesterday: 
“Death is absolutely in- 
evitable among babies born 
with anencephahr. Many are 
born dead, and the others live 
only a few horns. 

“The problem is whether we 


can treat such an infant as a 
source of organs for trans- 
plantation. If so, is it justifi- 
able to keep the infant alive 
until everything is ready?” 

He said existing guidelines 
on diagnosis of brain death 
bad proved infallible in 
adults, despite ill-informed 
comments to foe contrary. 
The problem was that there 
were no good guidelines 
covering new-born babies and 
infant a. 

The Harefield spokesman 
emphasized that only one 
such transplant had been car- 
ried out, and that the donor 
heart was taken from a baby 
that had died naturally. 

A ventilator was used on the 
infan t while the heart was 
removed, but not to keep the 
child alive, he said. 

Dr Michael Harrison, an 
American specialist, has ad- 
vocated the use of donor 
organs from anencephalic ba- 
bies in the current issue of The 
Lancet 







Mr Thomas Homrft, who 
pl ans surprise for wife. 

Esperanto in 
centenary 
celebrations 

Esperanto, foe international 
language which daiw eight 
! million adherents worldwide, 
including 10,818 in Britain, is 
about to celebrate its lOiife 

1 1 ■■■ ■ anniversary. 

Jury awards £8,000 to 
couple m false arrest 

A couple who were detained London for four days but not ftefa ngBa ge. 
for four days during a murder charged. i nit i a tive as ©as IcMi of 

inquiry in which tbdrson was Police believed they had ^ Por^meatary 

a suspect won £8,000 damages been instrumental in the dis- smihera more 

against the Metropolitan Pol- posal of some stolen stereo Described by 

ice in the High Court yes- equipment a vital due to foe Stalm as The language Of 
today. murder ofMr Anthony Bird in mtenuriMnatem”, 


Mr William Holfoam, aged June 1980. foe group believes instead that 

49, and his wife, Sarah, aged Gareth Holfoam, their son, Jf fo* answ * r to the inter- 
45, of Upper Francis Street, described by police as “a . n ^ MW * temaage profelem. 
Abertridwr, near Caerphilly, promiscuous, violent and J^speranto ^versions of 
Mid Glamorgan, had sued the difficult homosexual”, has not Shakespeare, Oscar Wilde, 
police and J>et Chief Insp been charged with foe crime ^ 

Derek Croft for false arrest and the police allege that this WM J S f S can be 

A hirv aumrriftri Mr hnltham is because the vital rJua is still read at (Use KpeHiiiuJ Centre 

in Holland Park, west London. 

1 Recognized by British Tele- 


Derek Croft far false arrest and the police allege that this 
A jury awarded Mr holtham is because foe vital due is still 
£2,250 and Mrs Holfoam missing. 

£5,750. The couple were also The couple denied that any 
awarded interest and costs. stereo equipment bad come 
The couple were arrested at into their home, 
their home in November 1980 Summing im to the iurv 


awarded interest and costs. stereo equipment bad come own as a distract bngnage for 
The couple were arrested at into their home. lSF n “ a ?’ Sj5 ™? 

their home in November 1 980 Summing up to the jury Ttarist 

by police investigating foe yesterday on foe question of 
murder of a homosexual in damages, foe judge said that 
London. They were ques- the officers involved were 

tioned in pobce custody m “over zealous”. univers ity,, has appointed a 


lecturer in the language- 


Oxfam plea for end to Cambodia ban 


By Paul Valldy than they were at foe end of 
_ / ^ The Killing Fields days”, he 

The Government has been 

asked to lift immediately its 


The government of Cam- 
bodia, which was installed by 


ban on foreign ah* to Cam- 


PfHUttn IWh Ihw “ 1979 When foe Pol 

dfctetorship fen, is not rec- 


where, he^awapof ^FfoeUntolNatiS 

international sflence, con- tofltfings de stroyed w hen foe becanse iff that invarion, and 
dittoes hare unpro ved httte ate was devastated by foe ^ ^ 

since the fe*™» wire* Khmer Ronge goveriMt national aid, apart from very 
gripped the country under foe dmmg its pobq _of iwng fimjted SorirtStance. ^ 
Khmer Rouge. all traces t* anything Weston. 

ft* mAMpet hflc iiNM Rtsdc A few governments, like foal 

kJSJrlSMr&ToiStf “lute mortality is 160 in of AnstraBa, give some aid 
faStoS *** "“eh is of Ettio- through non-governmental 
a senim official __ jus* jdan Twenty per *** rwin™ k-* 


A few governments, like that 
of Australia, give some aid 
through non-governmental 
bodies such as Oxfiua, but 


After terrorizing foe pen* no foreign aid going into foe 
sioners. foe gang ansaaaaa j t js the only conntiy to 

their terrace home near Kj ng s k work! which does - 

Heath Park. They stole to-u ^ * United Nations 


~ 7. . Vtnri-an nftw a tour |w* inmucs sm » VWUB, wm 

duHrea most, including foe British 
!r£f dtnation there is d<£ *** chronically mahKwnshed. government, refuse even to do 

"Sanitation is appalling, this for fear of sending foe 
Eftaetai Sd sung tototto! People are drinking untreated wrong signal to Hand. 

I* h, +Ka Anhr numtiv nt S£Wag&. K If kiHirnV TJm corf nf aid 


and fled just after 6.30pm on 
Saturday. 

Police an: seeking thn* mcn 

PgftH in their twenties. 


development programme, yet 
it to one of foe countries -most 
in need of one* 

“Things are really no better 


“It is ironic. The sort of aid 
“The British people gave so which Kampuchea (Cam- 
generoasly to combat foe fam- bodia) needs Is foe sort which 
toe in 1979 and yet because the the British Government is 
place .is mi an ideological usually most turnons to give — 
fenltiihe there has been so real font which helps British in- 
mprovesneat stoce then.” dnstxy. Everyone I met was 


crying Out for spare parts and 
technical assistance: spare 
parts for British Leyhmd ve- 
hicles, from foe Belfast firm 
Madties for foe equipment to 
refit jate manufactoring fac- 
tories, foe technology to de- 
contaminate the water sys- 
tem”, Mr Coalter said. 

Oxfam is to meet officials of 
the Overseas Development 
Administration next week to 
reinforce its plea and ask for 
aid to augment its own £2 
millio n programme to the 
country. At foe moment most 
Western aid to foe region goes 
to the refugee camps in Thai- 
land along the border with 

Cambodia. These are nm by 
the coalition of guer rillas, 
iffidtritng foe Khmer Kongo, 
which to recognized by foe 
United Nations as the official 
Cambodian government to 
exile. 


Dispute on 
altar goes 
to court 

By David Cross 

Two High Court judges and 
three bishops are being asked 
to decide whether a 1 0-ton 
marble altar sculpted by the 
late Henry Moore is a suitable 
ornament for foe church 
which Sir Christopher Wren 
built as a trial run for the 
dome of St Paid's. 

At a rare three-day hearing 
of the Court of Ecclesiastical 
Causes Reserved, which open- 
ed yesterday to the Privy 
Council Chambers in Down- 
ing Street, Mr Peter Bodefl, 
QC said that foe case for the 
altarwas supported by church- 
wardens at St Stephen 
Walbrook, by foe church's 
patrons and by half of an 
advisory committee. 

The court, which has met 
only once before since it was 
set up 23 yeare ago to rule on 
doctnnal matters, is bearing 
an appeal from a diocesan 
consistory court last February. 

On that occasion Chan- 
cellor George Newsom, of the 
London diocesan consistory 
court, deemed that the cir- 
cular, flat scupture with carv- 
ing round it was incongruous 
in the setting of the seven- 
teenth century church in the 
City of London. 

Conservationists had ob- 
jected to the sating of the altar 
id foe centre of foe church 
under foe dome; on foe 
ground that Wren’s churches 
were designed for an altar to 
be placed at the east end. 

Another complaint was that 
Moore, who died earlier this 
year was an agnostic 
The altar, Much was made 
between 1967 and 1972, was 
commissioned by Mr Peter 
Palumbo, foe property mil- 
lionaire, as part of a restora- 
tion scheme for the church. It 
cost £32,000 just to move foe 
8ft by 3ft 5in structure Into the 
building two months ago. 



With love this Christmas 

Say I Love YouThs Christmas With A Gift From Graff 
From TheMost Fabulous Collection Of Jewels In The World 
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December 15 1986 


PARLIAMENT 



Country disgraced 
by Armstrong, 
says Labour MP 


Sir Robert Arm strong. Secretary 
to the Cabinet, had disgraced his 
country by lying in the Austra- 
lian court in the Wright case, Mr 
Dale Campbeli-SavoHrs (Work- 
ington, Lab) said, whim he 
opened a debate on the manage- 
ment and operation of the 
security services. 

He said that Sir Robert had 
lied for the Crown over the 
Attorney General's failure to 
stop publication ofa book by Mr 
Chapman Fincher; over how 
copies of a synopsis of the book 
had come into government pos- 
session, and about the arrange- 
ments for clearing a book by Mr 
Nigel West, whose real name is 
Mr Rupert Allason, Conser- 
vative candidate for Torbay. 

■ Sir Robert’s lies, be said, bad 
irreparably damaged the historic 
- relationship between Britain 
and Australia. 

Mr Campbell -Savours moved 
that the House should call on 
the Government to set up a 
judicial inquiry to examine the 
circumstances surrounding al- 
leged attempts by officers of the 
security services to subvert the 
Wilson Government in the 
1970s. 

It also demanded that the 
Government should cany out 
all-party discussions with a view 
to repealing official secrets leg- 
islation atm to introducing a 
new legal framework, giving 
appropriate and necessary pro- 
tection to official secrets and, in 
particular, official secrets in 
relation to national security. It 
finally c ~* n, * H for consistency in 
the application of the law. 

Opening the debate, Mr 
CampbeU-Savoors said that 1 53 
MPs had signed his eariy-day 
motion in almost the same 
terms as the motion for today's 
debate. He therefore went into 
the debate with their support 
and hoped to pick up more in a 
vote at the end of the debate. 

He had been asked by a 
colleague last week what he was 
trying to prove. 

“I am trying to prove (hat the 
law as h stands is not working; 
that the law is an ass in so far as 
it it is inconsistently applied, 
and there are those beyond the 
law as it exists." 

Those beyond the law in- 
cluded some officers in the 
Services and some authors and 
journalists in the business of 
buying and selling secrets, most 
notably Mr Chapman Pincber, 
who had bought and sold se- 
crets; also Mr Rupert Allason, 
the Conservative candidate 
otherwise known as Nigel West, 
who had sold secrets. 

“I also include as among 
those beyond the law a number 
of security officers, including 
specifically Mr Arthur Martin, 
who is a former Clerk of this 
House." 

He had been a Clerk of the 
House from the raid-1 970s until 
about 1981, and had worked for 
MI5 until 1965 and for MI6 
until 1975. He had remained 
very close to the security ser- 
vices during that period: so close 
that he was able to brief Mr 
Rupert Allason in detail for his 
book A Matter qfTrusL 
"I also include among those 
beyond the law two Conser- 
vative MPs who, if Mr Wright’s 
allegations are true, are in- 
volved in action against the 
Crown. Mr Wright names two 
Conservative Mi’s in his book 
and I ask the Government to 
deny those accusations." 


Only one of those MPs was 
still sitting in the House; Mr 
Wright said that they had acted 
as conduits for a smear cam- 
paign organized from within 
MI5 by 30 security officers, 
some of them very senior. 

“They knew that information 

was corning illegally from 
within M15, but did not speak 
out or r e p o rt to the Home 
Secretary, but passed fr on in the 
knowledge that it would destabi- 
lize the Wilson Government. 

"I do not intend to name 
those Tory members, but I am 
approaching one and aski n g that 
person to make a personal 
statement before the book by Mr 
Wright is published. 

“This affair is plagued with 
inconsistencies, deriving from 
deficiencies within the law. 

“The Government, in a des- 
perate attempt to plug the dike 
of inconsistency, has had to 
practise deceit and duplicity. 

“That is what Sir Robert 
Armstrong has been doing in 
Australia. He has been lying for 
the Crown. 

He tied over the failure of the 
Attorney General to stop the 
Pincber book and tied over the 
crucial question of how copies 
of the synopsis of that book 
came into the possession of the 
Government and about the 
arrangements for clearing Mr 
Allason’s book. 

“Better not to answer than to 
teQ a lie. 

“He has disgraced his country 
and earned the justifiable con- 
tempt of Australia, and done 
irreparable damage to the his- 
toric relationship between our 
two peoples.” 

Only the existence of close 
family ties at a personal level 
between those at home and 
those in Australia would ensure 
that that relationship endured. 

He was at a loss to understand 
the lack of public protest at Sir 
W illiam ’s indiscretions. 

“What has happened to the 
old values?" (Conservative 
laughter). “Or was I brought up 
to believe in a myth?" 

“This is the biggest political 
scandal of this Government" 

It resulted from collusion 
between the British right and the 
security services and surpassed 
the Zinoviev letter in im- 

g ) nance. That had sealed the 
te of the British Government 
in the 1920s. 

What bad happened then had 
happened also in the 1960s and 
1970s and would happen again 
in the future unless they inter- 
vened. There had been collusion 
down the years, but he would 
concentrate on security services’ 
attempts to interfere with La- 
bour governments. 

In 1977, the then Mr Harold 
Wilson bad told Mr Barry 
Penrose and Mr Roger Coider 
when be summoned them to bis 
house in Lord North Street and 
set out his allegations against the 
security services, that for bis last 
eight months as Prime Minister 
he had not known folly what 
was happening in security. 

Those two journalists had 
made a point of keeping all their 
material on tape, and it was thus 
available today. 

Mr Chapman Pincber had 
also had much say on these 
matters in his bbook. Inside 
Story. There had also been a 
number, of articles in news- 
papers at the time of its publica- 
tion. He had a file of those, and 
The Times, in particular, had 


seemed to rake the allegations 
seriously, publishing much ma- 
terial and doingforther investi- 
gative work. 

What had happened is the 
1960s had to some extent in- 
volved the same security offi- 
cers as were involved m the 
1970s. 

The only dissenting view on 
those matters was that of Mr Joe 
Haims, a reputable journalist, 
be was told, with the Daily 
Mirror [Mr Haines was Chief 
Press Secretary to Mr Harold 
Wilson, when he was Prime 
Minister]. 

“But I am told that he has had 
his difference with Lord Wilson 
of Rievaulx and that may 
account in some part for bis 
views." 

Lord Wilson had not been 
taken seriously at the time 
because the whole issue had 
been overshadowed by the 
Thorpe affair, which had domi- 
nated Parliament for months 
and which had prevented a foil 
debate. 

Mr Wright had now surfaced 
and was directly involved. He 
was the first to whom he (Mr 
Campbcll-Savours) gave foil 
credence. He had surfaced to say 
that he was involved and that, to 
some extent, he had master- 
minded the operation and ar- 
ranged it- He referred to 
burgling and bugging all over 
Loudon. 

“We cannot quote what he 
said in manuscript, but parts of 
it have become available by one 
means or another to the media 
in Australia and particularly to 
freelance journalists in New 
South Wales.” 

If there was any chance of this 
happening again, he believed 
Parliament had a duty to act 
fast. 

The security services could 
assassinate the character of any 
politician. They could 
“assassinate" the present Prime 
Minister by way of rumour and 
innuendo. 

She was seen hi some quarters 
as a radical and all radical 
politicians stood threatened by 
the security services which, in 
the defence of the interests of the 
FmKIwhinmt, might Choose to 
take action to destabilize 
goverments. 

They could, if they sought to, 
destroy her and she must know 
it 

The inquiry conducted when 
Mr James Callaghan was Prime 
Minister was small and drew its 
information from only a few 
people. Mr fjaiiaghan had taken 
soundings from the directors 
general of M15 and MI 6, the 
very Organizations accused of 
irresponsible acts. 

He did not believe that Mr 
Callaghan was fully aware at 
that stage of the implications of 
Sir Harold Wilson’s allegations. 
He was sure that Mr Callaghan 



40% of 
homes 
own 
shares 

BRITISH GAS 


More ,h n a i fiScTS 

SSSVffir.SS.Sy ora* 

for Enerev. said during Cora- 

gSf&SS 1*1* 

on average onlv one home in 
twelve owned shares. 

Mr Peter Rost (Ere wash- O. 
who began the exchanges, said. 
tE m million lirsi-ume 
investors in British Gas mans 
that there is a io.nl of 
million investors at kasi m ihtt 
country, compared with w© 
million in 19 .9, l**® * 

tremendous achievement, since 
there are now as many investors 
as there are members of trade 

w — - — . . . ^Criticisms of the cost of 

Mr Stanley Orme: Exodus of men from industry. Mr Pete 1 Walken Praise far productivity mb the pits. Mr Patrick NcNair- privatizan^ ar^orougiv un- 

Wilson: Coal-fired oower station concerns. ! founded. The cost of [he issue 

about 2 per ceni of ice 


^SxedsT which ' is well below 
the average cosi ofanv new issue 
launched on the Stock Ex- 
change. . „ 

Mr Walken On the latter point, 
yes. The actual amount spent on 
informing the public of the 
derails and communicating with 
them was relatively small com- 
pared with the remarkable re- 
sult. In 1979 on average one 
home in twelve owned a share. 
Now more than two homes in 
five own a share and 1 hope that 
soon ihe majority of homes will. 
Mr Harry Greenway (Ealing 
North. C): Under nationaliza- 
tion the British public neither 
owned nor felt they owned 
British Gas in any way. Now we 
have genuine public ownership 
of this great and important 
industry. 

Mr Walken It is important to 
realize that now for the first time 
99 per cent of the employees of 
British Gas have a share in their 
own company. 

Mr Hugh Dykes (Harrow Efcst. 
C) said that in general the public 
were not selling immediately 
after the issue but holding on. 
They understood ibe idea of 
mass share ownership and were 
enthusiastic. 

Mr Walker said die great major- 
ity of people who bought British 
Telecom shares were still hold- 
ing on to them and he was sure 
that that would be true of British 
Gas. 

Mr Donald Stewart (Western 
Isles, SNPk In view of the 
scandals on both sides of the 
Adamic on insider dealing and 
the drop in the profits of Brinsb 
Airways, the next industry to be 
privatized, instead of wanting 10 
spread share ownership widely 
everybody should . be advised 
that dabbling in shares could 
damage their financial health. 

Mr Walker: I know that his 
party has been totally against 
privatization and deeply de- 
plores all those people who have 
taken advantage of it. 

Mr Michael Morris (North- 
ampton South, C): Following 
the Brito il privatization, which 
left a substantial body of stock 
with the underwriters, this 
particular stock seems to have 
been launched at about the right 
level, which ensured a fair price 
for the British people and a 
reasonable return for small 
investors in the future. 

Mr Walken Yes, the flotation 
did go welL We have a situation 
where basically 88 per cent of 
-the shares are with the British 
public 64 per cent with individ- 
ual members of the public and 
24 per cent with British institu- 
tions. It shows this was the right 
thing to do. 

Mr Malcolm Brace (Gordon, 
L): Given the amount of “hype" 
in promoting British Gas, there 
is some resentment among peo- 
ple who never had an opportu- 
nity of being customers, such as 
people in Northern Ireland, 
rural and some urban areas, that ' 
they should have been excluded 
from the premium allocation of 
shares. 

Mr Walken I watched with 
interest the position of the 
Alliance on this. 1 hope the 
country will realize that they 
were (orally opposed to pri- 
vatization and I hope the two 
million gas customers who ob- 
tained an allocation will note 
that the Alliance was against it. 
Mr Stanley Orme, chief Opposi- 
tion spokesman on energy: Is he 
saying that out of 16 million gas 
customers, two million have 
purchased shares? 

Does this not mean that be 
has created two classes of 
ownership and in actual feet 
some of the poorest consumers 
are the people who now not only 
nave no shares but are not going 
to get any benefit from a 
reduction in price? 

Mr Walken The poorest con- 
sumers who have no shares are 
unlike those consumers who at 
the lime of the previous 
Government had a 20-per cent 
increase in their gas price to help 
the Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer. 

Civil Service 
and Oxbridge 

The proportion of “Oxbridge” 
remuts to the administrative 
“ d ««8her executive grades of 
^rS!^L-7 Serv,C * ^PPeti this 
y<5 £ £» 47 P** compared 

Bj-gj” “ 1«H. Mr 

KMbanl L»*. Minister of State, 
Pnvy Council Office, said in a 
written reply. a 

He ..«id that 24 of the 41 
raaTtits m 1981 were graduates 

lSS rf 3R d nfa? arnbrid8e ’ 304 in 
1*86, 38 of 81 recruits to those 

■™Si 5 r ^ 


did his job at that stage within 
the confines placed upon him 
because Ire had responsibility' 
for the security services. But rf 
Mr Callaghan were faced by that 
decision today he felt sure he 
would undertake a far more 
detailed inquiry. 

If these allegations had been 
raised in the USA there would 
have been congressional com- 
mittees of inquiry set up. That 
had happened with Watergate 
and was happening again today 
with the arms to Iran issue. Such 
an inquiry would 'reveal the 
truth of this matter. 


Court costs question is rejected 


Mr Richard Luce, Minister for 
the Civil Service, declined to 

g 've the total cost to the 
overrun em to date of the Peter 
Wright court case in Australia 
when pressed to do so during 
Commons questions. 

He said that matters of sec- 
urity were matters for the Prime 
Minister, who had said in a 
recent answer that, because the 
court case was not finished, a 
precise figure could not be 
given. 


He was replying to Mr Tam 
Dalyell (Linlithgow, Lab) who 
said that the daily cost of the 
action in New South Wales was 
£ 120 , 000 . 

Dr Oonagh McDonald, for the 
Opposition, said that the Prime 
Minister should give a formal' 
apology to the Australian court 
because of the way in which Sir 
Robert Armstrong, head of the 
Home Civil Service, bad bee® 
obliged to mislead the court 


there at the Government's 
behest 

Mr Lace said the Prime Min- 
ister put the security of the 
nation first 

Mr Anthony Marlow (North- 
ampton North, C) said that if 
anybody had come out of this 
event with a banana skin 
wrapped all over his fece, ft was 
Mr Neil Kinnock, Leader of the 
Opposition. 

Mr Luce said the whole nation 
saw that now. 


Attack on 
BBC’s 
reputation 

Who could deny that over the 
past 10 years (he reputation of 
the BBC had declined. Lad 
Annan (Ind) asked when he 
opened a debate in the Lords on 
the Peacock report on the 
financing of the corporation. 
Lord a maw, who chaired the 
committee on the future of 
broadcasting in the 1970s, said 
that although the corporation 
was remarkably efficient in, for 
instance, the use of studios, its 
managerial strategy was mis- 
guided and the director-general 
seemed to have lost control. 

Referring to recent Conser- 
vative Party allegations of bias, 
be said that it was not surprising 
that after seven years in office 
the Government should come in 
for criticism. 

“The BBC has no duty to 
uphold the Government of the 
day. But it has a duty to uphold 
the state". 

The Peacock report was bold. 
No report had tried to look so 
far into the future. But he did 
not agree that in the short term 
the licence fee should be 
indexed. 

Lord Willis (Lab), the play- 
wright and director of Capital 
Radio, said it would be naive 
not to see the inextricable link 
between the Peacock report call 
for competition and the “sys- 
tematic campaign of denigration 
of the BBC launched and sus- 
tained with much vigour, if not 
venom, by the Chancellor of the 
Duchy of Lancaster and his look 
alike, the chairman of the 
Conservative Party, and 
others”. 

To destroy what had be e n 
achieved in the name of 
pass and change, or greater 
Join of choice, would be an 
act of madness akin to pulling 
down St Paul’s Cathedral be- 
cause it has one or two struc- 
tural faults and putting an office 
block in its place. But this is the 
long-term aim behind Feacaock 
and the campaign to discredit 
the BBC 

Lord Wfllis, who still writes 
for television, said that of course 
the BBC was sometimes biased 
and made mistakes, but was any 
organization perfect? 

The licence fee was the one 
heavy stick which politicians 
could wield against the corpora- 
tion, and the arguments about 
the fee were political and often 
manufactured. Most people be- 
lieved it was value for money. 

“Let os dispense once and for 
all with the notion that the BBC 
is a hot bed of communist or 
fascist activists; that its writers 
and producers are hell-bent on 
subversion and tbe destruction 
of moral standards. Such 
accusations can only come from 
unbalanced people. 

“By all means let us c hange 
and develop but let us hold fast 
to the dear virtues or our 
present system." 


Walker urges caution 
in coal marketing 


The marketing of coal in this 
country had to be carefully 
formalized because one cus- 
tomer took most of it, Mr Peter 
Walker, Secretary of State for 
Energy, said when replying dar- 
ing Commons questions to a 
suggestion that ufaw should 
lease their own pits. 

Mr Anthony Marlow (North- 
ampton North. C) said that one 
way to secure inc reasin g invest- 
ment in the pits would be to offer 
to groups of miners the right to 
lease their own mines, to hire 
their own management and raise 
money on the open market, 
involving them directly in their 
own jobs. 

Mr Walker said the coal board 
had given miners a direct in- 
terest in their own jobs through 
incentive schemes. 

Earlier, be told Mr Michael 
Fallon (Darimgtoa, C) that 
there were no plans for 
privatization of the coal industry 
at the present time. Heavy losses 
were being made. But if there 
came a time when miners could 
parti cipa te more dir e ctly he 
would be defigbfed. 

Mr Stanley Orme, chief Opposi- 
tion spokesman on energy, said 
that there bad been an exodns of 

men from the mining industry. 
Investment most mean not only 
money in mar l ii iip r y and 
development but also in recruit- 
ment training. 

A serious w*»n«iin would 
arise next year rf the exodns 
continued at its presort alarm- 
ing rate. 

Mr Walker said that by March 
next year a major rationalization 
in the industry would have taken 
place. The week before last there 
had been two mflfion tonnes of 
coal produced. That was very 
similar to the figure produced 
before the miners’ strike, and 
with a third less people em- 


COAL 


ployed. Bat training and reertrit- 
ment was very important fbrthe 
future. 

In z later question, Mr David 
Hunt, Undersecretary of State 

for Energy, said that for the 
week ended November 29 av- 
erage revetrae output a man shift 

was 3.64 tomes, the eighth time 
the record had been broken in 10 
weeks, <h»i i mifliiiirri 

improvement showed the grow- 
ing confidence of minu r c in the 
industry’s future. 

Mr John POwiey (Norwich 
Sooth, Ck The coal board 
deserves foe heartfelt con- 
gratulations of this House and 
the c o un try for the productivity 
improvements they have ado- 
eved. They win help to achieve a 
xzmch more econom i c price far 
coal so Chat more coal can be 
delivered and chat wffi help 
inflation and pensioners in. a 
severe winter. 

Would be speculate on 
whether these i m p ro v e ments 
would hare been achieved under 
an alternative government with 
the support they gare foe NUM 
which hindered the efficiencies I 
believe have taken place? 

Mr Hunt These tremendous 
efforts by miners and manage- 
ment mean good news for the 
consumer and the industry and 
for the c ountry . Weekly output a 
man shift is an impressive 
49 per cent higher than tbe 
average in 1983-84, tbe year 
before tile strike. 

Mr Dennis Skinner (Boisover, 
Lab): Since he is prai sin g min ers 
for tbe extra productivity, win he 
now follow up his wards with 
some action and recommend to 
the NCB that they ought now to 
be considering a proper pay 


increase far the miners to reward 
than far tins productivity? 

That should sot be on boons 
crfipmM baton the average rate 
of pay, in a similar fashion to 
what the Government did for top 
generals aril servants, so 
that he wiD be rewarding them 
for their extra effort. 

Mr Hoot: He should Cake some 
time oat te reflect <m the logic of 
what he has said. As a result of 
magnificen t efforts, in the 
latest earnings surrey miners 
hare once again been restored to 
foe top of the pay league, and 
long m ay rttgt- remain foe case. 

Mr Ian Wrigglesworth (Stock- 
ton Sooth, SDPk In congratulat- 
ing tft«» management and 
workers in the mining industry 
for achieving these targets, does 
he not agree that the best way te 
add good news to that 
coogratnlation is by ordering 
farth er coal-fired power sta- 
tions? There is no reason why 
that should not be done in 
advance of the decision on 
SizewdL 
Mr Hunt: He has already heard 
the response to fort- It is only by 
redating cost and winnin g mar- 
kets that the coal industry can 
badd a seam future and protect 
long-term employment. 

Mr Martin Brandon-Bravo 
(Nottingham South, C> The 
gro wing confiden ce to which be 
referred is undermined by the 
deplorable conduct of Labour 
MPs who have sat silent and 
zooted to their seats in commit- 
tee, showing a deplorable atti- 
tude to the nunets in this 
comrtry. 

Mr Hunt: I was very sad tint tbe 
Labour Opposition should hare 
chosen to remain silent on these 
vital dames for the firtnre of the 
industry ami for fair democracy 
in the trade union movement. 


Power station report 


Delay ‘legally necessary’ 


Chamberlain row 
involves Whitelaw 


Webster 

'Chief I 

Correspondent 

Lord Whitelaw, the deputy 
Prime Minister, has been 
drawn into the controversy 
over tbe attempt by Sir Robert 
Armstrong, Secretary of the 
Cabinet, to Mock the publica- 
tion of the private papers of 
Neville Chamberlain about 
the abdication. 

Id his role as Lord President 
of tbe Council, Lord Whitelaw 
is to be asked in the Lords on 
whose instructions and with 
what object in mind Sir Robot 
asked Birmingham University 
not to release the papers, 
which include the former 
Prime Minister’s diary. 

As disclosed in The Times 
on Friday, (he Cabinet Office 
first gave the university per- 
mission to publish the papers 
next year and was then told 
recently by Sir Robert that the 
original advice was a mfafaiim 
and that they should be kept 
under lock and key until 2037, 

The action has rased con- 
cern among MPs and histori- 
ans who doubt the legal basis 
for Sir Robert's action. 

Lord Avebury, the Liberal 
peer, has tabled the question 
to Lord Whitelaw and today 
Mr David Alton, liberal MP 
for Liverpool Mossier Hill, is 
expected to receive a reply 
from Sir Michael Havers, the 
Attorney General, about the 
action taken by Sr Robert. 



Mr David Alton: Answer to 
question expected today. 

The comnrversry has arisen 
because, although ministerial 
papers are the property of the 
Crown and can be subjected to 
secrecy orders, it is not 
thought that tbe same applies 
to private papers. 

Mr Alton believes that the 
Government is applying nufair 
pressure to the university. He 
said last night: “This smacks 
of the dead hand of tbe state 
being applied to academics 
who are understandably fear- 
ful that grants to their institu- 
tions nay be at risk if they 
iffiiore the Government's re- 
quest not to release the 
papers”. 


Censure for Bank 
and Government 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 
Government and tbe confidential adviser 


The 

Bank of England will both be 
sharply c ens ur e d t o morrow far 
their &3nre to warn either tin 
dealers or miners of last 
a utum n’s tin crisis, one of the 
largest commercial defaults in 
history. 

That wiD be the third report 
on (he subject by the all-party 
trade and industry com mi ttee, 
which was angered by the 
Government’s daim in re- 
sponse to the first report that 
toe Bank of England had 
wanted the dealers on the 
London Metal Exchange. 

In its second report the 
committee noted that the 
Government had failed to tdl 
the committee that in evidence, 
and continued: “Trying, by 
these hints issued via the Bank 
of England, to walkaway from 
the International Tin 
ConntiTs debts — and then 
only issuing these hints to a 
select few -is not a salable 
way for a government to 
conduct itself". 

In tomorrow’s report the 
committee examines the Gov 
moment’s claim farther and is 
understood to conclude that 
mere hints issued via the Bank 
that the Government would 
not provide additional finance 
if toe fTC over-spent were 
totally inadequate. 

It will point oat that the 
Bank knew (rf dm impending 
crisis only through its role as 


to the 

Government, and that the 
Government therefore had no 
right to expect tbe Bank to go 
round breaching that con- 
fidence by warning of what 
was going to happen. In 
evidence the Bank has as- 
serted that it was the 
Government's adviser, not its 

“agent". 

But tbe Bank is also likely 
to be criticized because all 
along it had a separate and 
tong-standing agreement to act 
as adviser to tbe London 
Metal Exchange. That, toe 
committee believes, placed H 
in an untenable position from 
which it sboald have taken 
steps to extricate itself. Tbe 
exchange was entitled to better 
advice. 

The report will further criti- 
cize the Bank for its obstru- 
ctiveness in refusing to divulge 
more than the barest details of 
what information it had been 
jven on the impending crisis 
the Government 

Twice formal summons had 
to be issued by toe committee 

The tin dealers have lost an 
initial £165 milli on 
toecrisis. The creditor 
which received no warnings of 
any sort, are owed £340 mil- 
lion and, of the four Cornish 
mines, one has ceased produc- 
tion and the other three have 
been kept open only through 
£25 milfion of government aid. 


Mr Peter Walker, Secretary of 
State for Energy, has to wait 
until he receives the fid] report 
on SizeweD in January before he 
is legally able to make a derision 
on the recommendations of Sir 
Frank Layfield, Mr A la stair 
Goodlad, Under-Secretary of 
State for Energy, said during 
question time. 

Mr Stanley Orme, chief Opposi- 
tion spokesman on energy, had 
demanded that the House and 
the country should be told tbe 
contents of tbe Layfield report 
at the earliest opportunity. 

Mr Goodlad: Sir Frank Layfield 
has delivered the balk of his 
report to the Secretary of State, 
but he can only take a decision 
on the fuD report, and he intends 
to reach a decision as soon as 
posable after having the full 
report. 

Timing is a matter for the 
inspector, bat he expects to 
deliver the remaining section of 
tbe report about tbe middle of 
January. 

Mr Kenneth Eastoam (Man- 
chester, Blackley, Lab) had 
asked whether the minister had 
read reports, one of which 
prophesied a power crisis with 
the possibility of blackouts. 


SIZEWELL 


“The Government promised 
that it would order one power 
sta t ion a year, but not one has 
been ordered in right years.” 
Mr Goodlad: The Government 
supports maintenance of the 
capability of the home industry 
while there is a lack of overseas 
orders. Ordering is essentially a 
matter for the electricity supply 
industry and tbe only applica- 
tion made for a new power 
station has been for Sizeweil B. 
We recently met representatives 
of GEC and NEI and have 
passed on their representations 
Mr Patrick McNair- Wilson 
(New Forest, Q: Are plans 
going ahead for coal-fired 
power stations on the Channel 
coast, including two in south. 
Hampshire, on the edge of the 
New Forest. Is it not unusual 
to build them so near the 
largest oil refinery in Britain? 
Mr Goodlad: The CEGB is 
considering a number of sites 
but has made no firm decision 
on them. 


Mr James Lomond (Oldham 
Central and Royton, lab); The 
dearth of orders over the past 10 
years has led to the danger of 
specialist teams bring broken up 
and not bring available when a 
decision on Si 2 eweU B is made. 
Mr Goodlad: That is why the 
Government has provided sup- 
port aid for winning overseas 
contracts. 

He added later that a mix of 
power sources was very i 
portent. 

Mr David Hunt, Under-Sec- 
retary of State for Energy, said 
that the import of coal by the 
CEGB was a commercial matter 
for the board. As part, of the 
agreement announced last June, 
the CEGB had undertaken to 
purchase 95 per cent of its 
annual coalburn from British 
CoaL In line with that, the 
CEGB expected to limit the 
amount of coal it imported. 

Mr Alex Eadie, an Opposition 
spokesman on energy, said that 
nearly five million tonnes of 
coking coal had been imported 
in the first nine months of this 
year and. nearly half a million 
tonnes of anthracite. That had 
an impact on the balance of 
payments. 


Business help for the arts 
is increasing, says Luce 


Business sponsorship of the arts 
continued to increase and it was 
the Government's broad strat- 
egy to feel farther expanaon by 
ensuring that the private sector 
played a more prominent role, 
Mr Richard Luce, Minister for 
tbe Arts, said during question 
time in the Commons. 

He said that business sponsor- 
ship of the arts continued to 
increase. “Under the Gov- 
ernment's Business Sponsorship 
Incentive Scheme a total of 
£10.7 milli on new money for 
the arts has been raised and over 
370 businesses have sponsored 
toe arts for tbe first time". 

Mr Sydney Chapman (Chipping 
Barnet, C): £10 million, al- 
though welcome, is relatively 
small against tbe potential for 
much greater sponsorship, 
which is veTy great indeed. 
Would he keep this initiative 
open and make sure that many 
more businesses are made aware 
of the tax advantages and tbe 
opportunities they have? 

Mr Luce: He is right Although 
this incentive scheme has allow- 
ed 370 new businesses to take 
part, a much large opportunity 
is there and I think this is the 


ARTS SPONSORS 


time to get across nationally and 
in our constituencies, that there 
are a wide range of tax in- 
centives for those supporting the 
arts. 

Mr Eric Heftier (Liverpool, 
Walton, Lab* While not op- 
posed to business interests giv- 
ing more support and assista n ce 
to the arts, the only real way 
forward is for tbe Government 
and local authorities to support 
the arts on a public basis. 

Mr Lace: We have to deal with 
the arts not in a narrow sense, 
but as part of a broad strategy 
including the public sector, 
through toe taxpayer and rate- 
payer, through toe local authori- 
ties, but above ail the private 
sector, through businesses, and 
provide in this way a partner- 
ship to give support to the arts. 
That is how I see it developing. 
Mr Norman Buchan, Opposi- 
for 


peated three times in toe past 12 
months? 

Is not a consequences that arts 
directors and administrators are 
becoming fund raisers and there 
is a collapse in basic public 
funding? Does he defend the 
situation he announced last 
week of a standstill in cash 
terms, and therefore a cm, in the 
amount of money going to 
national museums and galleries? 

Mr Looe.He looks at the arts in 
a narrow sense and appears not 
to know what is actually , going 
on. There has been an increase 
in the number of arts centres. 
The Government’s commit- 
ment is to keep up support for 
the arts and its broad strategy is 
to fuel expansion of the arts by 
encouraging toe private sector 
to play a more prominent role. 

Sir David Price (Eastleigh. Q: It 
is essential that the provinces 
get more than the share they 
have in toe past, tt is not enough 
to support the prima donnas in 
London. ■ ' 


or 


tion spokesman for the arts: 

Does he stick by his proposition Mr Lace I amhappy to agree. It 
that all future expense of fits in with the Government’s 
development must come from strategy thal the arts should be 
private sources as be has re- - for everyone. 


Parliament today 

SSSJSS 




Lords 

Safety at 
second reading. 


Rre Safety and 
“ of Sport Bill, 



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Police hope computer 
will help to solve 
murders of three girls 

tolice illVestiRltintt *S._ _ . 


£H£ TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


HOME NEWS 


^ 




u 9 1 



mjrfrn ofaS*^ JJg of? *»*£>■« 

are optimistic that theHnUS » a f^tid-molesti^ incident 

anywhere m Britain telexes 

money to enable themn?^ fla * h to ^ murder head- 
Ihe killer or killere urfn?? q ^ n ^ s > detectives must 
computer using a aft through mountains of 

The six forces involved in , e SS. rn S li , 0D ***“8 compai> 

f n n f0 T^ hum taw^il- S ( b 0lme! co ““ *» “ “ 

lions of words on file which 

they need to feed into Holmes, The Edinburgh HQ of Lo- 
me Home Office computer fhian and Borders pouce illus- 
system introduced after les- tralJes _ the problem. There 
sons learned from the York- detectives stul work round the 
Shire Ripper case. dock on the muidcr of Caro- 

. “ me money is forthcom- !“» Hogg, aged five, who 
tug. Holmes is expected u> msappeaitd from Edinburgh 
pinpoint links and parallels 1983 and whose body was 
which individual officers * ound m Leicestershire 10 
could well have it ^jjj days later. 

SSSWaa 

^yarehmtmgoMormore records, which 

Every day the murder dos- ^ m i£t?.r„ ,nI0 Holmes 


Caroline Hogg’s case is 
being investigated by Lothian | 
and Borders and Leicester- 
shire police. Leicestershire al- 
ready has Holmes, but has not I 

d ■ It. • j 


ciA -u “mT iwoy nas ruwmcs, dul nas m 

^om^S^ l S pS? VaiianS ® f ^ fhe Hogg case into it yet 


information seeking compari- 
sons. Holmes could do it in 
seconds. 


frams the problem. There 
detectives still work round the 
clock on the murder of Garo- 
nne Hogg, aged five, who 
disappeared from Edinburgh 
in 1983 and whose body was 
found in Lekestershire 10 
days later. 

They have more than 


Links already spotted con- 1 
vinced the six chief constables 
that there was a strong case to 
put to the Home Office; 

Det Supt Tom Wood^ of 
T.flthia;i disclosed similarities 
already established between 
the case of Caroline and Susan 
Maxwell, aged U, whose body 
was found on August 13 in a 
lay-by near uttoxeter, 
Staffordshire. 

He said that both were 
abducted within 30 miles of 
each other, both went missing 




iSSI 




24,000 statements and 75,000 „ cSf’ *? ot f T' e ?LT !S,ng 
records, wfaidi rhey are ready 


to feed into 
urunediatelv 


Holmes 



M“ w ®i left. Candine Hogg, centre, and Sarah 
Har per, w hose murders coold be solved psfag a computer 
system specially-developed for the Home Office. 


. found dead 40 mites apart in 
lay-bys near main routes, 400 
nules from their homes and 
within 40 mites of each other 
in the Midlands. 

Fewet links have been 
established in the case of 
Sarah Harper, aged 10, who 
vanished test March 26 from 
Leeds and was found 24 days 
later, 70 miles away, near 

Nottin gham 

Her case is being investi- 
gated by West Yorkshire and 
Nottinghamshire police 
forces. West Yorkshire has 
Holmes and the Harper 
already fed into it Not- 
tinghamshire has Holmes but 
has not fed in the Harper case. 



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Vicki Cooke, left, and Lisa 

McFall, both aged 17, spend- 
ing a day as refuse collectors in 
a work experience scheme at 
Lewisham, south London. 

Afterwards, Vicki, of 
Watergate Street, Deptford, 
said: “It’s hard, but not as bad 
as I thought it would be.” 

A talk at school fey a council 
official led to the offer. Lisa, of 
Dartford, had asked why there 
were no women “dnstpersons” 
(Photograph: Ros 

Drinlcwater). 


Future of jazz centre under threat 


TV star’s 
complaint 
is upheld 

A complaint by Brace For- 
syth against the Daily Mail is 
upheld today by the Press 
Council. 

Mr Forsyth's solicitors com- 
plained that he had agreed to 
an interview only if he was 
granted the right to approve 
the copy to be published. 
However, changes in the 
piece, by Peter Sheridan, 
which appeared, went beyond 
ordinary sub-editing and 
changed the balanced draft 
into a hostile attack. 

The papers associate man- 
aging editor, Mr Mac Keene, 
said that the newspaper was 
not aware at the time of 
publishing of the fiffi nature of 
the undertaking. Mr Sheridan 
said Mr Forsyth was fully 
aware that thoe would be 
substantia] work still to do. 
The Press CotmaTs adjudicar 
lion said: 

“The . newspaper’s . explana- 
tion is that when it published 
the article it was unaware of die 
full nature of the undextekiiK its 
writer had given. He has lokftfae 
Press Council that on publica- 
tion the Assistant Foreign Edi- 
tor was not at hand to 
emphasize Mr Forsyth’s copy 
approval- 

“This cannot excuse the 
newspaper’s failure to honour 
an undertaking to which it was 
bound by its reporter. He and 
the newspaper have apologized 
privately to Mr Forsyth for what 
happened: the paper should 
have been prepared to do so 
publicly.” 


The National Jazz Centre in 
London faces closure If a 
£1 ,637,000 grant from the now 
defunct GLC is ruled unlawful 
in the High Court 
Westminster City Council 
supported by the London 
Rcmduaiy Body, which has 
taken over many of the func- 
tions of the former GLC, 
yesterday launched a legal 


Boys used 
knives to 
rob women 

Eight schoolboys who used 
knives and imitation gm« to 
threaten shop assistants in a 
series of robberies were given 
sentences of up to 16 months’ 
youth custody at the Central 
Criminal Court yesterday. 

Judge Evans said that they 
had planned the robberies 
when women were working 
alone; They had assaulted 
some of the victims. 

All eight had pleaded gnilfy 
at an earlier hearing to a 
number of charges in connec- 
tion with five robberies and 
one attempted robbery. 

The heaviest sentence of 16 
months’ youth custody was 
given to Satpal Gattaora, aged 
18, of Masefield Avenue, Sou- 
thall, west London. 

.Also sentenced were: • 

Norman Vaughan, aged 16. of 
Waxlow Crescent, Southall, five 
months* youth custody; Narin- 
der Ghattoura, aged 18, of 
Cromwell Road, Hayes. Middle- 
sex, 10 months; Ranjit Kalsx. 
aged 16, of Rank a gh Road, 
seven months; Samad 
Golutnaully, aged 16, of West 
End Road, seven months; Rajan 
Bhola, aged 16, of Damson 
Wood Road, all Southall, five 
months. Baljit LaD, aged 17, of 
Bycroft Road, Southall was 
sentenced to three months at a 
detention centre, and 
Luckvinder Ahitan, aged 17, of 
Stanley Road, Southall was 
ordered to do 60 hours' commu- 
nity service. 


challenge to grants totalling 
more than £2 million, which 
were awarded by the GLC test 
March. 

Mr Andrew Collins, QQ for 
Westminster, told Mr Justice 
Webster that the GLC de- 
cision was unlawful because it 
failed to consult the borough, 
as required under the Local 
Government Act 1 984. 


A legal spokesman for Brent 
Community Law Centre, 
which is opposing the applica- 
tion, said die jazz centre, in 
Covent Garden, was in vol- 
untary liquidation. It faced 
extinction unless the grant 
awarded by the GLC to meet 
building costs and debts was 
released. 

The hearing continues. 


Coroner’s 
verdict 
challenged 
by police 

The MetropoKian Police 
yesterday began a High Court 
challenge to a coroner's ver- 
dict that John Mikkleson, a 
Heifs Angel who died in 
custody, was unlawfully 
killed. 

They claim the directions 
given to the jury by Dr John 
Burton, the West London 
Coroner, were “wrong in law, 
inadequate and confusing”. 

Mr Robert Alun Jones, 
counsel for the police, is 
asking the Queen’s Bench 
Divisional Court to quash the 
verdict, order a new inquest 
and declare that the standard 
of proof on unlawful killing 
should be “beyond reasonable 
doubt". 

Mr Mikkleson. aged 34, 
from Windsor, died in hos- 
pital in July last year after 
being arrested by police 
following a fight at Bedfont. 
west London, during which he 
was hit on the head with a 
police truncheon. 

While unconscious, he was 
put in a police van and then 
left on the charge room floor 
at the police station before 
i being taken to hospital by 
| ambulance. He died without 
regaining consciousness. 

The jury decided that the 
unlawful killing was due to 
manslaughter as a result of the 
degree of care given to him 
after he was overpowered. 

The bearing continues 
today. 




7 /. 


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Community care: 2 


Debt forces third 
of homes to close 


Jn the second of two articles on private residential 
homes, JiU Sherman looks at how some owners are giv- 
ing up the struggle of hard work for little reward. 



\ 


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An estimated one in three 
small private homes go bank- 
rupt or dose because they 
cannot meet the tails, in spite 
of reports that residential 
homes profit out of the elderly 
and mentally iH 
In other cases owners, often 
working and living in the 
homes, suffer from burn-out 
and emotional stress, some- 
times causing marital break- 
downs. 

At present, most residential 
homes, which provide non- 
medical residential care, 
charge between £125 and £200 
a week. Residents who go into 
private or voluntary homes 
are entitled to weekly board 
and lodging payments of £125 
and £9.05 spending money, 
with no medical ass es s m ent of 
their needs. 

Potential private owners 
quick to see a guaranteed 
income jumped on the band 
wagon in the early 1 980s. 
Homes have mushroomed 
and it is estimated that 6,000 
are now operating, a 50 per 
cent rise over last war. In 
1979 there were 25,000 people 
in private homes. Since then 
the figure has trebled. 

Many owners have no 
management experience and 
fail to keep accurate accounts 
or have budgeting systems, 
according to Professor Mal- 
colm Johnson, . ot 

health and social welfare at the 
Open University. 

“The average life expec- 
tancy of a property « only 
three years. But 21 per cent of 
homes close within a ye^and 
41 per cent within **°J*JJ* f 
he raid. “About one m three of 
small proprietors who enter 

the fields bankrupt or Irave 

the business with heavy 
losses*** 

Some people get out before 
ihey are financially rained 


Others go out ' of business 
because their registration is 
withdrawn, or they decide to 
opt out rather than fight 
deregistration in a tribunal 

Some who do succeed, sell 
up and move on to a bigger . 
home or another type of 1 
business. The residents often 
come off the worst, having to 
move from one home to 
another, both a physical and 
emotional upheaval “The 
continuity of care is lost and 
the resident suffers”. Profes- 
sor Johnson said. 

In many cases, the husband 
and wife live' on the premises 
and often work more than 60 
hours a week. Twenty-five per 
cent of owners never have a 
holiday in the first year of 
business and most do night 
duty themselves to avoid hir- 
ing night staff 

While social service depart- 
ments complain that the 
Government is propping up 
the private sector by directing 
£500 million in supplemen- 
tary benefits for their res- 
idents, private owners com- 
plain that weekly payments 
are insufficient 

The National Confedera- 
tion of Registered Homes 
Associations has appealed to 
the Government to make 
special allowances for those 
smaller homes, which often 
provide higher quality. 

“If smaller homes are to 
meet the high staffing require- 
ments set by local authorities, 
they often find it impossible to 
make ends meet,” Mr Chris 
Beddoe. the association’s na- 
tional director, said. 

The Department of Health 
and Social Security should 
consider weighting the supple- 
mentary benefit payments to- 
wards the smaller homes, he 
said. 

Condnded 


Si 


> 


Introduce the exotic new taste of Alpen 
with Tropical Fruit to your breakfast table this 
Christmas. 

It’s packed with all the natural goodness of 
Alpen Original - plus the tropical tastes of 
pineapple, banana and apricot. 

And, as if all that weren’t tempting enough, 
the coupon below entitles you to a lOp discount. 


WITH TROIMCALFRLTT 



Muesli 


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i- X'-, 


W^.F.T,i£LX D'D 


500g| 



To the Consumer: Give this coupon to jour retailer who will allow iOp 
.of Alpen with Tropical Fruit. It may not be used 
towards Hie purchase oTanv other product. 

Offer ends 3 1st January J987. * 

To the Retailer: This coupon will be redeemed by Uvetabi* Ltd. for 
10p plus handling allowance provided you hast obtained it in part 
psymltiiL for one 500g pad. of Alpen with Tropical Fruit and no other 
product. Please send coupons to; Wreabix Ltd., Coupon Redemption, 
P.0. Box 17, Kettering, Nonhams NN15 5JW, England. By J 1st July 1987. 






1 1 1 


WITH ADDED SUGAR 


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Brussels Sprouts loose per lb 20p 


Sainsbury's Fresh Orange Juice 
1 ltr 62p 


Sainsbury's UHT Real Dairy 
Cream Aerosol 250g 99p 


Premium 


Lymeswold Cheese 150g 69p 


Sainsbury's French Brie per lb £1.48 


Sainsbury's Canadian Cheddar 
fully matured per lb £1.68 


Sainsbury’s 16 Pork & Bacon 
Party Sausages 8oz 49p 


Sainsbury's English Premium 
Ham4oz 72p 


Sainsbury's Coleslaw 21b 95p 


Sainsbury's Scotch Smoked ! 

Salmon 14oz presentation box £9.45 


Sainsbury's Grade A Turkey 
with giblets -all weights per lb 


39 p 

English Cox’s Apples 
loose per lb 


Feast 

S 

Chris 


Spanish Satsumas loose per lb 


Sainsbury’s Brussels and 

Ardennes Pates lib 


£ 1.88 

Sainsbury 's Stilton per lb 


1.74 

osbury's Fresh 
Topside of Beef per lb 


95 

- Sainsbury's 
Brandy Butter 170g 













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*p; 


rifc’Jv." . 


9 ^ 



THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


OVERSEAS NEWS 


World summary 


Ethiopian envoy 
YjE not go home 

policfe ko. 


White House crisis: 


The Swiss connection 


Managua’s prisoner 




^ 181 

8°°d conscience anv tenL^JJS- 8 s * aiaaeati “I cannot in 
the policies of th^rL* 00 ® 6 * amtn,ne *® condone and defend 
enTo7" “* Go,enu ««»rtiicb bad sent me toeas ite 

more interested in 

i^W«-’SW:sfi;s£s 

Mother’s suicide hid 

Pans (Renter) — A yoong 
trench mother* right, a? 

^•scd of drowning her 
;onng son two years ago in 
* . mysterious case that 
gnpped French public 
attention, mi s taken to 
hospital yesterday after 
attempting stridde, her 
lawyer's office said. 

The condition of Chris- 
toe Vaiemin was serious, 
following her admission to 
the Laneville hospital near 
Nancy after she took an 

overdose of barbiturates. A . _ _ - 

spokeswoman for her lawyer said Mme Vaiemin, who has 

i s .**? ^ “ mocent ' was depressed by a Nancy 

appeal court decision last week that she be ***** by 
court for murdering her son, Gregory, and by press 
speculation that she would be found guilty. * 


Valletta 

charge 

Valletta -The leader of 
Malta's opposition. Dr Ed- 
die Fenech Adami, yes- 
terday accused the police of 
obstructing the magistrate 
investigating the killing of 
a Nationalist Party sop- 
porter 10 days ago (Austin 
Sammot writes). He 1 
claimed police had at- 
tempted to frame Peter 
Paul BasnttQ, a Nationalist 
Party activist, who was dne 
to be charged with the 
killing of Raymond Care* 
ana. He was instead sent to 

hospital. 


Protesters 

arrested 

Stockholm — Police ar- 
rested 110 youths after a 
demonstration and an 
occupation of an empty 
building in central Stock- 
holm (A Correspondent 
writes). 

Nine of tbe arrested were 
charged with violent riot- 
ing, an act which carries a 
sentence of np to 10 years'* 
imprisonment. The rest of 
the youths were released 
after a few boms. The 
demonstration was in pro- 
test against the city's bous- 
ing policy. 


Two rivers of big risk 

Geneva — The Rhine and the Mississippi are so pollut ed 
by chemicals that “it is doubtful whether they can be 
regarded as suitable sobfccs of drinking water”, according to 
the UN Environment Programme (Abut McGregor writes). 
Dr Jan Hmsmans, who rang its m ta mtiaai register of 


difficult for local au t hor itie s along the Rhhn* in West 
Germany and The Netherlands to see that maximum pofin- 
tioa levels are not toe ter exceeded”. 

The same applied to New Orleans and studies hare 
suggested that contamination of the riven could be Unlr—I to 
the fact that people using wafer tfra wn from than suffer 
slightly higher cancer rates. r 



Slow drama unfolds in Bokassa trial 


Dhaka 

amnesty 

Dhaka — President 
Erehad of Bangladesh has 
ordered the release of 203 
prisoners charged with’ 
anti-government agitation 
during martial law rule 
(Ahmed Fazl writes). 

Those freed under an 
amnesty marking today’s 
15th anniversary of 
Bangladesh's indepen- 
dence from Pakistan in- 
clude political, trade union 
and student activists held 
in prison without trial 
under the Special Powers 
Act 


Trinidad 

election 

Port ef Spain — A high 
turnout was expected yes- 
terday as Trinidad and 
Tobago voted in a general 
election (Jeremy Taylor 
writes^ 

The People’s National 
Movement, seeking a sev- 
enth consecutive five-year 
term, claimed responsibil- 
ity for tbe stability of this 
oft-exporting state of 1.2 
million people, but the 
National Affiance ter Re- 
construction had united 
most of tbe fragmented op- 
position forces. 


Voyager nears storm 

Mojave (Reuter) - Pushed by favourable winds, the 
experimental Voyager aircraft made steady progr ess 
yesterday in its historic attempt to curie the Earth without 
stopping or refuelling, but a tropical storm fey ahead. 

“They are less t han 24 hours away from a tropical storm 
which they wffl avoid, but they are now in dear, smooth an 
and enjoying the ride,”* Voyager spokesman said. 


rnnrtn no^ from pssgt one 
extreme and arbitrary brutal- 
ity — began 2ns formal de- 
fence. “It is a thnwlrlesa task 
being a president.*' he said in 
bis slow, dear French- “Some- 
one in my position, respon- 
sible for tire destiny of an 
entire-nation, that's a lot on 
one plate.” 

Gesturing frequently, be 
looked straight into the face of 
M Edouard Frank, the presid- 
ing judge; who lie bis two 
colleagues on the bench was 
already sweating under the 
weight oC heavy scarlet and 
blade robes and gold-braided 
caps. 

Behind Bokassa, his French 
defence lawyers, Maitres 
Szpiner and Gibanlt, looked 
no more comfortable in then- 
black gowns with a splash of 
white lace at the throat. 

After warning that it would 
be a long slow session, they 
skirmished with the state pros- 
ecutor about the admissability 
of the more hair-raising 
accusations — mass murder of 
school children and cannibal- 
ism — levelled at their client 

But before that battle began 
in earnest, Bokassa, straight- 
backed as any old soldier and 
abandoning his notes in mo- 
ments of emotion, was on bis 
feet for 70 minutes. “Those 
who now accuse me of such 
barbaric deeds insult the Cen- 


tral African Republic as well 
as myself/ 1 he snapped when 
the prosecutor denounced him 
as the source of aD the 
“abominations”. 

The <main thrust of Bok- 
assa V (Jefence gradually 
emerged, albeit somewhat 
confusingly. He seemed to be 
arguing that such terrible 
things had never happened,, 
and if they did, they were tbe 
fault of his trusted subordi- 
nates, in particular; his cousin 
David Dacko whom be had 
overthrown to take power 
back in 1966. 

In keeping with the inces- 
tuous nature of power politics 
here, Dadco then served under 
Bokassa and, when French 
troops parachuted in to topple 
the Emperor in 1979, he again 
became President 

Before the bearing had be- 
gun what seemed like half the 
nation’s armed forces were 
busy around tbe building. On 
Bokassa's first public appear- 
ance after his return from exile 
in France, at last month's 
reading of the charges, people 
cheered him heartily with 
shouts of “Vive rEmpereor”. 


such pubuc embarrassments 
for tire present regime of M 
AndrS Kotingba, access to the 
area around the court was 
more strictly controlled yes- 
terday by the imposing person 


of Colonel Jean-CIaud Man- 
sion. This tall, strikingly hand- 
some French army officer, 
who is co mmande r of the 
Presidential Guard, is a figure 
of some mystery in Bangui. 
He is most often seen striding 
-around— with -las -ear to a 
walkie-talkie. 

Yesterday when he was 
satisfied with the security 
arrangements, he waved us 
into the court past some of his 
men who werefrislring female 
spectators with unusually inti- 
mate thoroughness. 

When the bearing finally 
opened there was a brief 
confrontation outside as the 
unprivileged sought to gain 
admission. Colonel Mansion 
looked on calmly, fighting up 
yet another Gitane, as police 
pushed them back- 

inside, the going had indeed 
become heavy; Bokassa was 
still meandering through 
many nances and places 
that seemed to have little 
reievence. Maitre Gibauft 
bobbed up occasionally with 
objections, but it was slow 
drama. 

How the proceedings 
moved to tbe subject of tbe 
appalling dea t h, allegedly on 
Bokassa’s orders, of army 
colonel Alexandre Banza is 
undear, since it was not 
among the charges as laid. But 
suddenly there was real 


drama. The relatives ofBanza, 
a key figure in Bokassa's 
seizure of power, came for- 
ward to stand sh ould er to 
shoulder with his alleged mur- 
derer before the judges. 

Despite strenuous protests 
by the defence, we learned that 
Banza, suspected of plotting 
against Bokassa in 1979, haH 
allegedly been brought before 
a Cabinet meeting where the i 
Emperor began slashing at 
him with a razor. 

The prosecution claimed 
that Banza was beaten half to 
death, then dragged through 
the streets of tbe capital as a 
deterrent to any other over- 
ambitious young officers. Af- 
ter his farcical trial, he was 
taken out and shot. (It was 
alleged that Bokassa also or- 
dered the death of his parents 
and some other relatives.) 

One who survived, a daugh- 
ter Martine, was first to testify 
She shot Bokassa a glance of 
pure hatred before she spoke, 
but he showed no sign of 
having noticed. 

As the prosecution pressed 
to nail the former Emperor 
over tbe Banza affair, he 
observed mildly: “I’ve got 
quite enough crimes levelled 
against me without you blam- 
ing me for every murder in fee 
country during the last 20 
years.” 


Church hells to ring in 
new black campaign 

From Michael Hornsby, Johnnnesbmg 

A 10-day “Christmas ag- ized news or comment on the 
ainst the emergency” cam-, success or otherwise of con- 
paign involving a boycott of turner boycotts. - 
shops owned by whites, fee The UDF made its call for 
lighting of candles in house the Christmas campaign be- 
wmdows and tbe tolling of fore the new regulations came 
church bells— is due to start in into force. '* 

South Africa's black town- It is now an offence, liable 
ships today in fee first im- to a maximum fine of rands 
portant test of Pretoria’s new 20,000 (£6^50) or 10 years' 
emerg e ncy regulations. jail, to incite or encourage 

It appears that December 16 people to take part in con- 
was chosen for the campaign sumer boycotts. 

'launch because it is a public It is also an offence to 
holiday celebrated annually by encourage participation in 
Afrikaner whites in commem- other forms of civil disobedi- 
oration of their Boer an- ence, including rent and 
cestors* victory over the Zulus school boycotts, protests, 
at the Battle of Blood River in strikes and stay-aways, and 
1838. soliciting public support for 

It also marks the 25th township civic associations, 
anniversary of the first sabo- street committees, people's 
tage attack by Umkhonto we' courts and other ‘’alternative 
Sizwe (Spear of fee Nation), structures” — that is, groups 
the military wing of fee Af- which are independent of the 
rican National Congress, wh- Government 
ich has been banned and So far the UDF, which 
driven underground in the claims more than two million 
past year. members, many of them ac- 

Reporting on the effective- tive in “alternative” bodies, is 
ness of the campaign — called still operative despite tbe mass 
by the United Democratic arrests of its gras-roots 
Front (UDF), a loose alliance supporters, 
of more than 800 anti-apart- UDF members account for 
beid groups — wih be difficult fee bulk of the estimated 
as new censorship regulations 20,000 people detained during 
specifically forbid unauthor- the state of emergency. 

Swiss pair 
describe 
kidnapping 

From Michael Hornsby 
Johannesburg 

Tbe two Swiss nationals 
abd uc t e d by South African 
security forces from Swaziland 
b at Friday, and returned on 
Sunday, told reporters in 
Mbabane, Swaziland's cap- 
ital, yesterday that they were 
taken blindfold first to Mid- 
del burg and then to Pretoria. 

Tbe seizure of the couple, 
Mr Daniel' Schneider, a 
commercial artist; and his 
fiancee. Miss Cttiane Bis- 
efrafi^ an assistant hotel man- 


Ukraine struggles to cope with Chernobyl radiation risk 


From Christopher Walker 
Zdvyzbevka, Ukraine 
Nearly eight months after 
the Chernobyl nuclear disaster 
authorities in the Ukraine are 
still facing huge but little 
publicized medical, financial 
and logistical problems coping 
wife the contamination risks 
which it posed to several 
million Soviet citizens. 

Last week, I was one of fee 
first Western correspondents 
permitted to tour the region 
and to inspect the costly 
efforts being undertaken to 
minimize the human cost of 
the April 26 explosion. 

At the new village of 
Zdvyzhevka, 60 Idlometres 
(about 38 miles) fro™ the 
crippled reactor, hundreds of 
families are beginning the 
difficult process of resettling 

into new brick-built homes 

(each costing £30,000 to 
construct). 

Mr Anatoly Romanenko, 
the Ukrainian Health Min- 
ister told The Timfto* the 
continuing fear of “JJ* 

visible enemy, radiation was 

one of the mam difficulties 
with which his officials were 

now faced. . . . t 

Mr Romanenko feat 
various techniques mdiririg 
massage and music were being 
used to calm Chernobyl eyao- 

uees with psychological 

^One^evacuee, Ludn jjJJf 

Sdanevich, aged 33, ash°p 
assistant, said that she had a 
blood sample takf° 
days to monitor ber medicm 

condition. ...... 

Like others now byri|. 
the soulless-but 
new village, she ^burned to 

have suffered “* 

ness since the disaster- 
“I have no fears al)0Ul 





Chernobyl aftermath: Evacuees stroll through a new village, left, while, fa die 21-mite zone around the disaster area, right, men still check the fields. 


having children when the time 

comes,” she added. 

Because of the huh levels of 
radiation suffered by the 
135,000 people evacuated 
from the 18-mile wide “dead 
zone” around the plant 
(90,000 of them from the 
Ukraine) all are being pro- 
vided wife special food sup- 
plies brought to them from 
areas of the country where 
there is less risk of 

contamination. 

In fee Ukrainian capital of 
Kiev, the third largest city in 
fee Soviet Union with a 
population of2.5 million, only 
sub-zero temperatures are 
preventing the washing of all 
streets and buildings three 
times a day. 


The precaution wifi be re- 
sumed once the weather 
improves. 

Is the meantime, the streets 
are being cleaned specially by 
a fleet of mechanical vacuum 
deaners. 

Mr Nikolai Lavroukin, the 
deputy mayor, explained: 
“We are using several hun- 
dred mechanical vacuum 
cleaners to keep down fee 
possibility of radioactive dust. 

“Because our city is built on 
seven hills, we have had to 
abandon temporarily fee pro- 
cess of washmg it wife fresh 
drinking water, which would 
only freeze and cause traffic 
chats.” 

He said feat between 50 and 
80 vehicles a day were pre- 


vented from entering Kiev 
because they showed too high 
a reading on the strict Geiger- 
Mufier counter checks bong 
mounted Oil all eigh t main 
routes in and out of the city. 

All vehicles found to be 
over fee fimit — usually those 


way from Chernobyl winch 
has been dosed to all other 
traffic -are turned back to be 
washed at centres manned by 


In fee immediate aftermath 
of tire disaster, scores of 
vehicles were banished for use 
in fee “dead zone” only 
because no amount ofwashihg 
would have made them safe. 

Although tire authorities in 
Kiev am putting on a brave 


face the struggle to return life 
to normal, they acknowledge 
feat Western tourism has 
dropped virtually to nil 
Tamara, an Intourist guide, 
said: “I am afraid that fee 
capitalists are afraid to come 
here anymore, no matter how 
much we tell them that every- 
thing is now all right-” 

In tire view of Western 
scientific experts, short-term 
visits to Kiev are considered 
safe now but none is wiffing to 
sanction longterm stays there. 

The Times was told by Mr 
Romanenko that the back- 
ground radiation, now stand- 
ing at 0.04 mUliroentgens, 
twice the average, should be 
back to normal by May. 

In fee 22 Kiev markets and 


others in (he region, the sale of 
all privately produced milk 
and dairy products is still 
banned for an indefinite 
period. 

The residents refuse to eat 
fresh mushrooms or berries, 
and all foodstuffs go through 
an elaborate throe-tier radi- 
ation check before being 
allowed on sale. 

Symbolic of the radiation 
problems faced by Kiev - 
whose residents are the butt of 
cruel jokes in other parts of the 
Soviet Union - was the fate 
decreed for fee dead leaves 
from tire chestnut trees which 
make the city one of tire most 
attractive in the country. 

This year, instead of being 
disposed of in the normal 


fashion, they had to be buried 
as radio-active waste. 

In addition to the 31 people 
who have so far died as a 
result of fee accident, 209 
-remain in hospitals and sana- 
toria suffering from various 
degrees of radiation sickness. 

The most seriously affected 
are all firemen and others who 
helped fight tbe early stages of 
fee disaster. 

Soviet doctors dealing with 
them have noted a remarkable 
similarity between their symp- 
toms and those caused fay the 
disease Aids. 

“The treatment is very com- 
plicated because, tike Aids, 
radiation directly affects fee 
patients’ immune system,” 
the Ukrainian Health Min- 
ister stud. 

Despite the provision of 
new bouses and flats, he said, 
many of fee Chernobyl evac- 
uees — especially the elderly — 
were demanding constantly to 
be returned to their deserted 
homes in the contaminated 
countryside closer to the 
nuclear plant, where two re- 
actors have now resume 
operation. 

Among those we spoke to, 
the mam reason for their 
demands appeared to be a 
natu ral de sire to return to the 
f a mi liarity of home, com- 1 
bined wife an inab ility to 
grasp fee full dangers caused 
by the fall-out from Chern- 
obyl. 

A typical example was 
Anastasia Panasivooa. aged 
72, a peasant, who com- 
plained feat with her new 
central beating, she missed 
being able to sleep on her 
stove — a favoured Ukrainian 
custom for combating . the 
rigours of winter. 


was the subject of sharp 

pfSwtaerimdiafsw^^ 

Miss Bischoff said that she 
was told by one of her South 
African police interrogators 
feat she could “become a rich 
woman overnight” if she 
identified members of the 
outlawed African National 
Congress in Swaziland. 

She said her captors sud- 
denly became much more 
pleasant, even apologetic, as if 
they realized they had made a 
mistake, and offered her 


fee night dothes in which she 
had been kidnapped) and food. 

On Sunday, fee two Swiss 
were flown by befieopter to the 
Oshoek border post about 12 
mites from Mbabane where, 
according to Swazi sources, 
they were met by Mr Sam 
Sterfnn, fee South African 
trade aid consaiar repre- 
sentative is Swaziland. 

There has stifl heal no 
official comment hoe oa the 
kfflisgofa 13-year-old buy in 
die armed raids last Friday. 



OVERSEAS NF.WS 


THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 161 986 


Action Directe blamed 
as Paris car bomb 
kills the wrong man 


A quirk of fate saved M 
Alain Peyrefilie, editor-in- 
chief of Lc Figaro and a form- 
er Gaud 1st minister, from 
certain death yesterday when 
the car be normally uses at 
weekends exploded outside 
his home in Previns, killing 
his chauffeur instantly. 

No-one has yet claimed 
responsibility for the attack, 
but police believe it could 
have been the work of the 
extreme-left French terrorist 
group. Action Directe, which 
claimed responsibility for the 
assassination of M Georges 
Besse, managing director of 
Renault, outside his home in 
Paris last month. 

ft. was the first time for 20 
years that a French political 
leader hasbeen the subject of a 
terrorist attack. 

The trial on charges of 
murdering two policemen of 
three leading members of 
Action Directe had to be 
postponed earlier this month 
when five of the nine jury 
members dropped out after 
being threatened by Regis 
Schleicher, one of the accusal 
Action Directe. which has 
close links with the German 
Red Army Faction, has 
claimed responsibility for 
more than SO terrorist attacks 
in France over the past seven 
years. 

M Peyrefitte, who is known 
for his right wing, law and 
order views and who as Justice 
Minister in 1979 was the 
author of the repressive “see- 
uritv and liberty” Bill, has no 
doubts that he was the prime 
target of the group’s latest 
attack. 

“I have been saved, another 
has been tilled in my place.” 
he told his wife on learning the 


From Diana Geddes, Paris ■ 

His Paris secretariat de- 
scribed it as a "miracle’’ that 
he had not been killed. Every 
Friday M Peyrefitte, who has 
represented Seise ei Marne is 
Parliament for the past 28 
years and who has been Mayor 
of Pro vies since 1965, leaves 
Paris to spend the weekend in 
his comhuency home. 

A Citroen BX, belonging to 
the town, is always delivered 
to his home for his personal 
use on the Friday evening 
before being picked up again 



M Peyrefitte: “Overwhelmed 
by unjust death." 
on the Monday morning. 
However, M Peyrefitte had 
lost the keys to his official car 
last weekend and therefore 
took out his ancient, Renault 
504 instead. Again quite 
exceptionally, he returned to 
Paris on the Saturday evening. 

The Citroen BX. with the 
bomb presumably already 
planted in it therefore re- 
mained untouched until M 
Ptyrefi tie's chauffeur came to 
fetch it shortly after 8 am 
yesterday. 

The car would not Stan at 
first so the chauffeur had to 


change the battery. However, 
it was not uutil he put it into 
gear that it exploded with a 
deafening blast which was 
heard throughout the town. 

M Peyrefitte said that al- 
though he had been the object 
of several death threats during 
the years that he was Justice 
Minister, as well as for a 
couple of years thereafter, he 
had received no threats in 
recent years. 

"I was probably chosen as a 

Symbol because I believe there 

can be no liberty without 
order in a society ” he said. 

"I am overwhelmed by this 
horrible and unjust death. 

“There is nothing more 
revolting than the death of an 
innocent person.” ' 

M Peyrefitte left Paris soon 
after the attack to express his 
sympathies to the family of 
the dead mao. M Serge 
Langer, aged 51. M Charles 
Pasqua. the interior Minister, 
also visiied the family. 

M Andre G fraud, the De- 
fence Minister, said that "ter- 
rorism bad struck totally 
blindly once again". M Franck 
Boroira. spokesman for the 
Gaul list RPR Party, con- 
demned recent criticism of the 
police, and said that the attack 
should make the public realize 
the importance of national 
unity around the police and 
the legal system. 

However. M Jean Poperen, 
Deputy' Secretary of the 
Socialist Party, said that the 
“hateful and bestial” act had 
demonstrated that the consid- 
erable security measures taken 
by the conservative govern- 
ment since coming to power 
nine months ago could not 
prevent such attacks. 



Police investigators inspecting the former minister’s car which exploded in Paris yesterday, Irifli ng the driver. 

Israel refuses plea to Tamil guerrilla groups 
return French killer battle for supremacy 

From Vijitha Yapa, Colombo 


From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 


French officials have told 
Mr Avraham Sharir, die Is- 
raeli Justice Minister, that it 
would be difficult to guarantee 
the safety in prison of a con- 
victed murderer France wants 
sent from Israel. 

Mr Sharir explained this in 
the High Court here yesterday 
in an affidavit be was required 
to give explaining why he 
turned down the extradition 
request for Mr W illiam Nak- 
ash. who was convicted by a 
French court of the 1983 mur- 
der of an Arab barman in Bes- 
aocon. 

The French authorities said 
they would do everything pos- 
sible to protect Mr Nakash, 
hut they coaid not guarantee 


his safety, given the difficulty 
of controlling organized gangs 
In prisons. 

The Justice Minister said 
he had tried to overcome tike 
problem by bringing in a law 
which would allow Israelis 
convicted abroad to serve their 
sentences in Israeli prisons, 
but this had ran into domestic 
political problems. 

According to Mr Roland 
Rath, Mr Nakash ‘s lawyer, 
there is a "contract” out in the 
French underworld for his 
client. Mr Roth chums the 
murder victim was a member 
of a powerful criminal clan 
from North Africa, with 300 of 
its members serving prison 
sentences in France. 


After bitter fighting which 
claimed the lives of at least 30 
guerrillas over the weekend, 
the Libe ration T lgers ofTamfl 
Eelam (LTTE) yesterday gave 
24 hoars to their rivals, ihe 
Eelam People’s Revolutionary 
Liberation Front (EPRLF) to 
surrender in northern and 
eastern Sri La nka. 

The LTTE, the most power- 
ful of the five Tamil guerrilla 
groups fighting for a separate 
Tamil state m Sri Lanka's 
northern and eastern prov- 
inces, announced that it had 
token over 28 EPRLF camps 
during the weekend in the 
northern pan of the country. 

Residents in the northern 
ritv of Jaffna said that about 


300 EPRLF guerrillas were 
disarmed. The LTTE state- 
ment added that as from 
today, there would be house to 
house searches for EPRLF 
guerrillas. 

In the islan d’s ea stern prov- 
ince. the LTTE certainly 
seems to have gained the 
upper hand. It has accused the 
EPRLF of robbing people, 
attacking Muslims there. 

The Indian authorities have 
not commented on the fight- 
ing. saying that it is an internal 
Sri Lankan matter. However, 
two Indian ministers are in 
Madras to discuss the Sri 
Lankan Government’s pro- 
posals to end the conflict with 
Tamils. 


Philippines 
ceasefire 
marred by 
shooting 

From Keith Dalton 
Manila 

About 100 NO* People 
irrm tuemilas opened tireor. 
an isolated armv camp on 
panas Isiar.ti ye«nh> ,n ™ 
am aimed clash to mar the 
^Vi-old Philippines «a- 

the state-nm PM- 
ippines news agener!.' reported- 
The acency and local mill- 
tars officials reported no 
casualties during the attack on 
the 19-man. detachment in 
Aklan province. ~ 35 m,les 

"SSffifflT Domin- 
bo Rio. the military cont- 
ender. said the attack was i a 
clear violation of the ceasefire 
agreement between the Gov* 
emment and the rebels . 

The attack preceded a meet-, 
ing of the five-member Na* 
tiona! Ceasefire Committee, 
which is investigating the 
killine last week ot two civil- 
ian militiamen and a peace 
demonstrator as well as the 
entrv of almost »Q ^rmeo 
rebels into Samal. a town -U 
miles west of Manila. 

Despite these “incident . 
the committee on Saturday 
issued a joint statement saying 
that no substantial violation 

had occurred in thc_ first 
ceasefire in ■ the I -year 
insurgency. 

• No return: An emergency 
Cabinet meeting decided yes- 
terday it would be “against the 
national interests” for the 
deposed President. Mr Ferdi- 
nand Marcos, to return from 
exile in Hawaii after the death 
on Sunday of his sister. Mrs 
Elizabeth ’Marcos-Keon. and 
his public announcement that 
he hopes to return home 
before the end of the year. 

Mr Marcos fled to Hawaii 
and his passport was cancelled 
after a civilian-backed mili- 
tary revolt in February’ in- 
stalled President Aquino. 


Final EEC talks 



T 





From Richard Owen, Brussels 


to see what is 












The South African government has just 
imposed total censorship. Journalists in South 
Africa can no longer report a strike or a boycott 
of shops - let alone more extreme forms of 
dissent - unless their report is vetted bv the 



So take what may be your last opportunity. 
Tonight and tomorrow ITV presents the only 
complete attempt so far to tell the whole story 
of apartheid. 

It may also be the last chance to get any 


EEC foreign, agriculture 
and transport ministers met 
yesterday for the last time 
under Britain's chairmanship 
in a final bid to make progress 
before the end of 1986. 

Bat tiiere.vasaiiair.<trKJttik 
nod-winter about their pros- 
pects, with little or no hope of 
agreement on the outstanding 
issues of farm surpluses, the 
trade war with Washington 
and cheaper air feres. 

Mrs Rita Holberg, the Dan- 
ish Farm Minister, lent a seas- 
onal touch to the prooeediiq’s 
by lighting a Christmas candle 
on the conference table. 

“I hope our discussions 
splutter out before this candle 
does,” she told a bemused Mr 
Michael Jopling, Britain's 
Agriculture Minister, who has 
been chairing the marathon 
talks. 

They did not, and Mrs 
Holberg expressed her ennui 
by ostentatiously knitting a 
pullover (no doubt a Christ- 
mas gift) as she and her 
colleagues again failed to 
agree on cuts in milk and dairy 
quotas. - "- 

So far she has completed the 
back and two sleeves, and few 
officials doubt that she will 
have knitted the whole gar- 
ment by the end of the talks. 

Mr Jopling presided over 
three days of talks last week 
followed by farther talks at the 
weekend, -including an all- 
night session on Sunday. 

He had said he was pre- 
pared to go on as long as 
necessary, but the talks must 
end by tomorrow, when he 
chairs the final Fisheries 
Council meeting for the year. 

Some progress has been 
made: faced with a growing 
oatcry over the food mountains 
ministers accept, fur example, 
the need for dairy quota cuts to 
reduce the butter and milk 
powder surpluses.- But the 
Commission wants a 6 per cent 
cat as a first stage. 

. France wants lessand West 
Germany and- Ireland want 
token cuts only and were 
prepared to veto any thing 
approaching 6 per cent, even 
though Mr Jopling proposed 
substantial compensation for 
farmers. Similar differences 
remain over cuts In beef 
output 

To complicate matters the 
southern EEC states insist 
that' die northern states — 
which produce the surpluses - 
should bear most of the sacri- 
fice involved in Cutting back. A 
Commission proposal for a 
one-off sale of the 1.5 raQlsoq 
■tonne batter mountain found 
little favour. 

Mr Michael Spicer, the 
Aviation Minister, conceded 
yesterday that there was stiU 
no agreement on liberalizing 
air transport and the latest — 
and last — British bid foiled 
Bm be said there was mh 

animrtv nn dmm flaviM. 


man de Croo, the Belgian 
Transport Minister, would be 
in a commanding position to 
convert into the unanimous 
decision required when he 
takes over the chair in 
January. 

EEC officials were scep- 
tical, saying Europe was no 
• nearer to cheaper air feres 
than it waff in November, when 
the previous Transport Coun- 
cil reached deadlock. But Mr 
Moore insisted that the EEC 
was on the verge of agreement 
towards a liberalized air trans- 
port market by 1992. 

“The message to the travel- 
ling public is that Europe is at 
long last on a one-way ticket to 
cheaper air feres, free from 
off-putting petty restrictions.'* 
he said. 

Mr Spicer said Britain fully 
supported the Commission's 
continuing legal action against 
European airlines that operate 
cartels and price-fixing. 

The rush of activity, coupled 
with a marked show of deter- 
mined leadership by British 
ministers, has led to the 
charge from some EEC offi- 

New figures from the UN 
Food and Agriculture Organi- 
zation estimate that pro- 
duction of world cereal will 
reach a record 1.858 million 
tonnes this year (John Young. 
Our Agriculture Cor- 
respondent. writes). Above 
average output has been re- 
alized in all the world’s main 
producing regions, including 
khina. India and Pakistan. 
N igeria and Morocco have 
achieved record harvests; the 
S^ielian countries of West 
Africa attained a record out- 
put for the second year run- 
mng; and Zimbabwe and 
Sudan are thought unlikely to 
be able to find export markets 
tor their surplus prod uction. 

ciais that Britain knows it can- 
not complete its programme in 
the week before tbn.ric«« n . 


. “»i-uuBure Cimsttnas 
window dressing”. 

foreign ministers, under 
^ chairmanship of Sir Geof- 
frey Howe, the Foreign Seo- 
J^erday sought to 

^ith wLV 100 ™*"* ™e war 

k huig,on ^er failure 

wtoTsavjss 

sejs at the weekend. 

evn ^Lf r ? de ^ ispate over fenn 

SKLE dlrectly li *ked to 
roeimbafences caused by the 

Of the common 
agricultural policy. 

£sS£ 5 -15 

America for ft, 

market* V"® 1085 of grain 







Agreement hopes * 
dying with candle 


4 V 


+ * 













aa 



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From a base of more than fifty countries 
operating Hercules around the world, Lockheed 
and GEC are poised to launch a marketing programme 
that will assure the United Kingdom of technology 
leadership in the AEW field well into the future. 


^^Lockheed- Georgia 


THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


The MI 5 case: moments of scorn 


Protecting public interest 
claim is baloney, says judge 




mm:- 


Lf. vr.i 1 v ■ 




Vietnam 

leader 




admits 

mistakes 


From Stephen Taylor , Sydney 




From David Watts 

Tokyo 


Mr Justice Powell gave 
British lawyers another hard 
day at the start of final 
submissions in the MIS book 
trial yesterday, suggesting that 
Whitehall’s claim to be 
protecting the public interest 
was “baloney”. 

At the same time, in 
enunciating at this late stage 
what be evidently still sees as 
potential obstacles to the 
injunction the British Govern- 
ment seeks against Mr Peter 
Wright's book, the judge also 
heaped scorn on the evidence 
of Mr Michael Codd, the 
Cabinet Secretary in Can- 
berra, whose affidavit in sup- 
port of Whitehall's case, he 
said, had no credibility. 

The judge outlined a 
hypothesis which compared 
Mr Wright, as a voice in the 
wilderness warning about 
Soviet penetration, with Chur- 
chill on Nazism in the 1930s. 

MrTheo Sim os, QC, for the 
Government, will pick up the 
threads of his case today to 
continue arguing that Mr 
Wright is barred for fife from 
disclosing any details of his 
service with MIS. 

Yesterday, Mr Simos cited 
legal precedents for arguing 
that although Mr Wright may 
not have been employed 
under a written contract bind- 
ing him to perpetual silence, 
he was constrained by an 
effective contract, and/or an 
equitable obligation of con- 
fidence, and/or a fiduciary 
(trustee) relationship in which 
the Crown reposed trust, faith 
and confidence in him. The 
judge concurred that the con- 
tract issue was fundamental to 
the Government's case. 

But Mien Mr Simos cited 
the judgment in Britain of Sir 
John Donaldson, Master of 
the Rolls, who earlier this year 
upheld an injunction prevent- 
ing The Observer and The 
Guardian from repeating Mr 


Wright's allegations, the judge 
demurred. 


It was difficult to know 
what status to accord Sir 
John's judgment, particularly 
when Mr Wright had not been 
represented at that hearing, 
Mr Justice Powell said. 

Later, when Mr Simos re- 
turned to the Donaldson judg- 
ment, it brought the following 
remarks from the judge: 

“How can one, after what 
has happened in the last five 
years, accept that the British 
Government is genuinely con- 
cerned to demonstrate that 
MIS is leak-proof; when it has 
— with abundant forewarning 
and abundant opportunity to 
do something about it — let the 
Pinch er book {Their Trade is 
Treachery) go to the printer. 


past, that in the future mem- 
bers of the security services 
should be free to mate disclo- 
sures, whatever the effect on 


national security. 

Again the judge challenged 
him. On the subject of na- 
tional security, it was hard to 
accept, he said, that friendly 
governments would take ex- 
ception to the publication of. 
Mr Wright’s book when, de- 
spite all past leaks, the CIA 
stiU saw fit to pass informa- 
tion to MIS, and that the 
British reciprocated even 
though the CIA had allowed 
the publication of numerous 
books by former agents. 


petence or falsehood, the 
Australian people are being 
kept in the dark- or being led 
to believe that all is well and it 
is not - why shouldn't they be 
told? 

“Let’s face it, one of the 
greatest contributions Win- 
ston Churchill made to die 
British people between the 
wars was getting up and 
thumnjng the tub, 'Look what 
Adolfs doing - they have got 
MB 109s, and we haven’t got a 


Spitfire — get off your tarns, 
otherwise you will go down 
the plughole'.” 

He put forward the outline: 
“Mr Wright says, in effect, ‘I 
believe t his. 1 believe it so 
strongly that I wanted the 
Government to act I tried to 
do things through the proper 
.channels. I produced my ma- 
. terial and gave it to Sir 
Anthony Kershaw, who has 
given it to the Prime Minister, 
and she has dismissed it as old 
■hat. That is where it is left We 
are suffering if she is wrong’.” 

There was a possible 
Australian interest because of 


In this respect, the judge 
refereed dissussively to the 
Australian Government’s lim- 
ited support for Whitehall on 
the damage that might be 
done to the exchange of 
intelligence information. 

“With great respect to Mr 
Codd, I didn't think much of 
his evidence,” the judge said. 

“He espouses views quite 
without foundation. He has 
not the slightest idea of what 
goes on in the CIA. I can't 
accept his view that the CIA 
will think less of Asio (Austra- 
lian Security Intelligence 
Organization) if it doesn’t do 
something about Mr Wright. 

“As I understand it,- Mr 
Codd said, ‘Please shut this 
dreadful man up, or everyone 
will think that Australia leaks 
like a bucket and we will get 
no information at all’. That is 
a proposition which is rid- 
iculous.” 

Mr Simos replied that the 
judge was entitled to reject Mr 
Codd's testimony but it had 
been authorized by the Cabi- 
net and had been based on 
advice from the security 
services. 

Mr Justice Powell said: “If 
the truth of the matter is that,, 
whether because of incom- 


6 How can one accept 
that the British 
Government is 
concerned? 9 


let the Nigel West book {A 
Matter of Trust) go to print, let 
the Massiter programme go to 
air and, more to the point, let 
Mr Wright's programme go to 
aii?” 

The Wright programme, he 
added, had been repeated on 
British television only last 
week. 

He added: “When a govern- 
ment, still of the same politi- 
cal persuasion, having done 
nothing, although having bad 
every opportunity to do some- 
thing, comes along and says 
this information must be 
protected in the public 
interest', it is hard to avoid the 
conclusion that it is baloney.” 

Mr Simos replied that it 
should not be said that be- 
cause of inefficiencies in the 


wm- . 

RSK ' 






the feet that Sir Roger Hollis, 
the former head of MI5 who 
Mr Wright believes was a 
double agent, helped set up 
ASIO. By airing the subject, 
Australian public opinion 
could “get busy on Canberra, 
and Canberra get to work oh 
Downing Street”. 

Mr Simos: “Canberra has 
already got to work on it, and 
formed an opinion.” 

The judge: “Well, it says it 
has.” 

Mr Simos: “But we have an 
affidavit (by Mr Codd).” 

The judge: “It’s very diffi- 
cult to put any real weight to 
his opinion. He is not only late 
to the job but his views are 
without substance and un- 
supported.” 

Mr Simos: “We can’t accept 
that” 


Star parade: Tong-Tong, a six-month-old {pant panda cab, enjoying the protection of an 
umbrella while eetthze aconainted with the Dress at his christeninn at Tokyo’s Ueno Zoo 


umbrella whfie 
yesterday. 


_ „ acquainted with the press at his christening at Tokyo’: 
same was chosen from among thousands suggested by the public. 


Bamala 
survives 
in Punjab 


Bhutto blames riot 
on Junejo regime 


From Hirean Althtar , Islamab ad 


Chinese 
Army to 
modernize 


Chemical attack on Afghans 


From Zoriana Pysariwsky, New York 


From David Bona via 
Hong Kong 

The Chinese armed forces 
are experimenting with a new 
form of organization. 

The concept of the group 
army -r previously unknown 
in Chinese military strategy - 
to replace the older, more 
inflexible, system of field ar- 
mies, has been tested. 

The field army consisted of ; 
an army controlling three 
divisions, each controlling 
three regiments, and so on. 
Development of modern 
weaponry has forced the PLA 
to change to the group army 
capable of fighting autono- 
mously with its own artillery, 
engineer craps, armour and 
anti-chemical warfare corps. 


I The Soviet Union is using 
chemical weapons, including 
napalm and phosphorous 
bombs, in its campaign against 
Afghan rebels, accordmg to a 
report in Newsweek magazine. 

In the magazine, Herr Felix 
Ermacora, the United Nations 
special rapporteur on the hu- 
man rights situation in Af-‘ 
ghanistan, claims that 
hospitals in Pakistan provide 
proof of the use of these 
weapons, although such prac- 
tices have been repeatedly 
denied by Moscow. 

In terms of human rights 
abuses, there is nothing in the 
world comparable to the war in 
Afghanistan. Although it is 
difficult to prove a deliberate 
effort to wipe out sections of 
the Afghan population, the So- 
viet policy is having “a geno- 
ridal effect”. 

The demographic structure. 


of the country is chang in g jn- 
three ways; five million refu- 
gees have left Afghanistan, 1 
about one mfliion internal re- 
fugees have left the country-' 
side and there is an announced 
plan to transfer 300,000 peo- 
ple from tiie north-east to the 
western provinces 

According to Herr Ermaco- 
ra the worst atrocities involve 
dropping ' handcuffed and 
btindfolded prisoners about 
30 ft from helicopters 30 ft 
and then shooting them in 
front of villagers. People are 
taken out and their throats slit 
with bayonets daring searches. 

In his previous UN reports, 
he has provided fall docu- 
mentation of Afghan Govern- 
ment torture teams which are 
said to be accompanied by 
Soviet advisers. 

The release last month of 
Herr Ermacora’s fourth report 


on Afghanistan stirred consid- 
erable c on trover sy after a 
si gnificant portion of his find- 
ings were excised in what UN 
officials termed an economy 
measure. 

in his - inte rview, Herr 
Ermacora criticized Sedor 
Diego Cordova^ the special 
UN mediator onr Afghanistan, 
for faiting to ma mt aiw contact, 
.with the five motion Afghan 


He was fearful that the UN- 
sponsored negotiations were a 
camouflage to give Moscow 
enough time to install a 
“sovietized” rating class. 

Comparmg the situation in 
South Africa, Herr Ermacora 
said it was regrettable that 
hundreds of people were killed 
during the stale of emergency 
there, “but this number cannot 
be compared with the thou- 
sands of Afghans killed”. 


Chandigarh (Reuier) - Mr 
Surjit Singh Bamala, the be- 
leaguered Chief Minister of 
Punjab, yesterday emerged 
unscathed from attempts by 
Sikh and Hindu groups in the. 
State .Assembly to oust his IS- 
month-okl Government 

The moderate Sikh leader, 
whose support in Punjab and 
the rest of India has eroded 
with his failure to crush Sikh 
separatist violence, appeared 
to survive lately thanks to the 
opposition’s inability to unite. 

In a stormy session, punc- 
tuated by angry walk-outs, 
rebel Sikh deputies dropped 
plans at the last minute to 
table a no-confidence motion, 
-and a mainly- Hindu party 
felled to. win enough support 
. fra: a similar vote.. 

Police ait the same time lift- 
eff a day-long curfew from 
much of the Suth holy city of 
Amritsar as a protest strike 
against the murder of a Hindu 
politician at the weekend.went 
off peacefully. 

Mr Bamala completed his 
assembly victory when the 
mainly Hindu Bharatiya Jan- 
ata Party also dropped be- 
cause of lack of support a no- 
confidence motion designed 
to force him to call out the 
army against the separatists. 


Miss Benazir Bhutto, the 
leader of the opposition Paki- 
stan People's Party, yesterday 
accused the Pakistan Govern- 
ment of staging what she 
called “the gory drama” in 
Karachi at tiie weekend m 
order to cause a diversion and 
perpetuate its un con stituti onal 
rale. 

Miss Bhutto, who arrived 
hoe for a few days’ visit from 
Karachi yeaerday, was com- 
menting on the worst ethnic 
violence in the city's history in 
which at least Si people were 
killed and more than 300 were 
injured. 

The Karachi troubles, she. 
cfamncd, dearly established 
that the Government had lost 
control becanse it had no roots 
among the masses. 

Meanwhile, Mr Moham- 
mad Khan Junejo. Prime Min- 
ister of Pakistan, flew to 
Kararhi yesterday to make a 
personal assessment of the 

gfnttnnn. 

Mr Aslam Khan Khattak, 
the Interior Minister and a 
member of the National 
Assembly representing Ninth 
West Frontier Province, told 
the press here yesterday that 
the-edent of the Karachi riots 
had caught Iran completely by 
surprise. 


He described yesterday’s 
attack by Paihans and Afghan 
refugees on <lnm dwellers as a 
reaction to the Government’s 
current operation to dear out 
t rafficker s in drags and gun- 
runners from the capital of 
Sind. 

While admitting that the 
Government had failed to size 
op the problem correctly, Mr 
Khattak said he was det- 
ermined to continue with the 
operation and claimed that 
Mss Bhtdxu was not being fair 
in blaming the Gove rnment for 

yesterday’s rioting. 

• KARACHI: Fresh com- 
munal violence which flared 
here yesterday killed 14 peo- . 
pie and brought the death tdl I 
in two days of bloods ted tojtf 
least It, doctors and fire 
brigade sources said (Renter 
reports). 

Five of the victims died after 
an angry mob set fibre to 80 
shops in Liaqat market, near 
Shah Faisal Cokray-There 
was doubt, however, as to 
whether they died from bunk- 
ing or other causes. 

Police reported hand-to- 
hand fightin g between rival 
Pashtnn and .Mohajir commu- 
nities in two districts outside 
the curfew area. 

Leading article, page 15 


The Vietnamese Commu- 
nist Pariv leader acknowl- 
edged serious mistakes by the 
Government and party' when 
he opened the sixth party 
congress in Hanoiyesjerday. 

Mr Truong Clunk See* 
retary-Gencral of the party. 
gri d in a speech after the 
congress opened that the party, 
and Government must be 
“purified*' and there must be 
“bold renovation’* of the 
country's economy. 

The targets set by the last 
congress in 1 9S2 had not been 

fulfilled. “Responsibility for 
these shortcomings and mis- 
takes rests first of all with the 
party central committee, the 
political bureau, the secretar- 
iat and with the Council of 
Ministers.” he said. “The 
party central committee wo- 
uld like seriously to criticize 
itself for its own shortcomings 
before the congress.” 

He urged party members to 
stay free from corruption and 
said that after the congress 
“we must plan to purify- the 
party and the administration 
and preserve the traditions of 
unity within party ranks” . 

Since the last congress four 
years ago. the party has report- 
edly been reviewing the cards 
of all party members with a 
view to rooting out corrupt 
elements. 

Such public hand-wringing 
is not unusual in Vietnam but 
it remains to be seen whether 
ii will be followed by signifi- 
cant reforms and changes of 
personnel, including the pos- 
sible removal of Mr Chinh 
himself as party leader. 

Mr Chinh, who replaced the 
late Le Duan in July, is seen as 
a hard-line revolutionary who 
once bad good connections 
with China. He used the 
congress to mate another 
appeal to the Chinese leader- 
ship to improve relations. 

“Once again we officially 
declare that Vietnam is ready 
to negotiate with China at any 
time, at any level and any- 
where so as to normalize 
bilateral relations,” he said. 

Such appeals, made regu- 
larly over the last few years, 
are unlikely to find a response 
in Peking until Vietnamese 
troops are out of Cambodia. 
Indeed. China recently re- 
leased photographs from the 
Vietnam-China border area 
for the first time since the 
clashes of 1979 showing 
rocte&aunchers firing salvoes 
into Vietnamese territory. 
Vietnam maintains that all its 


troops will be ran of Cam- 
bodia in 1 99ff 


Touching further on foreign 
relations, Mr Chinh singled 
out India as “a great friend” 
and said Hanoi was trying to 
improve relations with Indo- 
nesia. India is one of the few 
countries to station an ambas- 
sador in Vietnamese-occupied 
Phnom Penh and Indonesia is 
Vietnam’s principal conduit 
forcontactswith the countries 
of South-East Asia. 


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WnuiED IGCS by David 
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* 7.30 IM parfSTK MOTHER. 
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John I 

Dankworth, dro Lain*. Sheila 
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David W&nn- 


EXHEBITIONS 


Motion Street- WIY 2JU. 


nUHUrimi for Harpers Bazaar 
Coven. Prints 1968-1986. Nov. 
atXtaJMI. 23rd. weekday, 
1000 a.m. . 6.00 pjn. Untam- 
ed catalogue £3. Tat 01-629- 


BRIGHTON BEACH 
MEMOIRS 

Directed by MICHAEL RUDMAH 
A National Theatre Production 
“Humour at Us be*, a rich and 
loving production- Dally Mail “A 
beautifully shaped family 
comedy- Times - n win run for a 
long time” Time Out 
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hr ? day ec Ol 240 7200 (no bkg 
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&*9 reel GTP Saks Of 930 6123. 


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836 -Ey** B oa Thu mac 

J J O Sat 8.30 6 8 JO 

W H M FJUHZ AT ITS BEST” 
D Man 

TheTheaire of Comedy Company 


JUDI MICHAEL 
DENCH WILLIAMS 

•"Claw Of Ihrir own" Std 

MR and MRS NOBODY 

by Kami waiecfcauee 
_ Directed by Ned Sherrtn 


LONDON PALLADIUM 437 7373. 
741 9999 uto bkg tax FH CaB 
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Tte ta t i w a ter 579 6433 


tat An d tfeta no" Tim 
DtYUOT MUST SEC 1 
NOBODY" D-Mati 
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THE HIT MUSICAL 
COMEDY 

GEORGE HEARN 
* DENIS QU1LLEY 

LA CAGE AUX FOLLES 

“_A PALLADIUM MAD OP 

approva l — are 
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Stdnt iMiaa l oBi avafl. at door 



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and ao AGATHA CNBtSTtCa 

THE MOUSETRAP 


TOONS VK 928 6363 CC 379 
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CAESAR Ewe* 730 mats 
Tomor 2pm. 


VICTORIA A ALBERT MUSEUM . 

The Natkwoi Museum or An St 
Design. S-Kendnoton. HEW 

MEDIEVAL TREASURY. 


FOWLOS 

AMTA* 




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APOLLO THEATRE 437 2663 

434 3696 First Call 01-240 T2oo 
ncketmarier CC 379 6453 
Mon-Frl a Sat 4.30 St 8.16 
Thun Mats 3. Dec 24 mat only. 
No perf Dec 26. Dee 26 8pm perf 
only 

PAUL SCOFIELD 


RUN FOR YOUR -WIFE! 

Written, and directed hy 
„ RAY COONEY 
Over 1.600 ride ariWIng perf* 
“S«OOU> RUN FOR LRE" & Ex 
Good seat! avail Thun mats. 



[ SCATS AVAILABLE PROS 
[ Kama Ere 7-WL No 


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STUODED'' PRODUCTION- D 


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-A briBlad A joyously, 
comic P Tformance" F. TVmm 


LAST 4 WEENS - MUST EM> 
_ . JAN lO 


ROYAL COURT SCC 730 1745/ 
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0*9 fee) UnM Sat Eves 8pm. 
Sal Mat 4pm Joint Stock 
present, A MOUTHFUL OF 
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OLSVIC 928 7616 cc 261 1821 
Pi aula,, ha 14 Jan^Opcn, 20 
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2364 Uhf Sat Eves 7 .5a Sat 
Mata 330 I VILTHRITC by So- 


TIME 

ULTMATZ P U tgRU CC 


ROYAL OKRA HOUSE 240 

1066/1911. SHOW Info 836 
6903. S CC. Tickets £1-422.50 
tiSaDeO £*£40 (Opera). 66 
anN mats av ail on Pm? day . 
Tnat 700 TN* ROYAL OPERA 


“MACN1ITCENT" D.Mafl 

rM NOT RAPPAPORT 

"Wonderfully funny- D.fcJcp 
TONY AWARD BEST PLAY 
NOW BOOKING 1987 


CLIFF RICHARD 

AS THE ROCK STAR* 

THE PORTRAYAL OF ‘AKASH* 
BY 


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ALAN AYCHNOW U T S 

A CHORUS OF 
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OU CJUMES Creep Stan 930 6123 _ 

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ART GALLERIES 


WA TERCOL OURS. EVE FOR 
MlUllltl : RoyU Designer, 
for Industry 1936-1986. Re- 
corded Mo Ol 881 4894. 

Wbtys lO - Sja suns. 2.30 - 
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ANTHONY 4TOPFAY 9 St 23 
Dertog S*. Wl. 499 4100. 


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4141. Una 4 Jan; Darid Rob- 
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Uen Ran tv n omadic Fan 
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6 48. Sun & B Hoi* 126.46. 
dosed Monda y s . AdncJS & 
£1. Reduced rates for pre- 
bop fcod parttao. Atotr. 
TAPESTRY WEAVOKi DIS- 
PLAY hy lie— Swha - anti 
19 Dec (phone far data of 
dales and n«««) 


MUL PATTERSON 19 Afbanefle 
SL. Londo n W1X 3HA. OidZ9 
4119. r i M I IT M AJ DIMS 
ppec patminm hy MART 
RAYMOND and Matters or the 
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T TR . 1 1 AM WALCUT 

— , I ta p it it at 26 store 

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lO - S: Sat: 10- 4. 


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ISTANBUL . a Photogr ap hi c 
Journey through TurtcWi at- 
chHecnm:. Una 18 Jan. Tue- 
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AWARD . ODeier Awards *SS 


-oiriHtwr 

MUSE OF 


with PATRICIA HAYES 



FMt Can CC 24hr 7 day 240 
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WINNER OF ALL 
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THEATRES 


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fa. CC 741 9999/836 7368/379 
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1987 

ME AND MY GIRL 

TK LAMBETH WALK 
MUSICAL 

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A sat 4-30 A 8.00 


Music by 

ANDREW LLOYD WEBBER 
Lyrto by wchabd STILGoe 

LX reeled try TREVOR NUNN 

APPL Y PAR .Y TO BOX OFFICE 
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MNMWR WAROKNHC -240 
8230 CC 379 6668/6433 TB 10 
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HAMPSTEAD 722 9301. Eves 8. 
.Sat Mat 4.30. 941 1 Ki TK 

SIZZLE, A New Cn» by 


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Box Office & CC01-B36 81 OB. Ol- 
240 9066/7. Firo Call 2Wir 7 day 


ltaHer T imes. "V ery 
fanny" Cl Em. DODSD TO 


stape) Previews Thur. Fri. sat 
7.45 A- Jan 2. a: 6. 6 at 7A& 
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by Giasnea Patiaitoa (Jan 7 St a 
SOLD OUT) Mon 7.45 TONS 



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Matt 3pm No peril Dec 3a s> 23. 

Extra Mat Tuns 23 Dee 3pm 




CINEMAS 


NATASHA RICHARDSON 


HIGH SOCIETY 

tXrected by Richard Errs 
Prra rn 13 let Nlerit Feb 26 
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DUNCAN CAMPBELL. 15 Thack- 
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A UZ-ROBERrSON la 

A Mystery Thriller dor 
an the Family 

'oSUBtam*. 

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ONLY 4 WEEKS LEFT TO 
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CASr -^ r ^i AN 10 



CAMDEN PLAZA opp Camden 
Town Tub# 485 2443 Maq <151 . 
Film at 2-2S. 4 JO. 6MJ. 8S6. 
ENDS Thum STARTS FN 19 
Dec LABYHDFIH Ol). 

CHELSEA COMMA (rings Road 
8W1. 351 3742 MM tl6L Film 
St 2J26 4 JO 6.40 8.56. 

WWW MAYFAIR CnraOn St 
1 499 3737. Claude ’Lanzmann'y 
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42ND STREET 

A W WW FM t AIL THE .FAMILY 
Winner of ril the boat 
Mai lu l Awards tar 1984 

voted 

BEST MUSICAL 

STANDARD DRAMA AWARDS 

v o t ed 

BEST MUSICAL 

LAURENCE OLIVIER AWARD 

voted 


ALBERT 240 7999 CC 379 6666/ | 
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wto frinTri'UTDevM Wood’s 


A Musical Play for eft ua r en. 
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fZNNY FOR A SONS by Jnpn 

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waw returns 19 & 20 Dec 

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BEST MUSICAL 



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THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


Southern Lebanng 

Threat of new 
Israeli invasion nse 

steels Amal ofterror 

against Arafat 


OVERSEAS NEWS/ARTS 


II 


THE ARTS 


Watching last night's World 
in Action programme The 
it 


Road to Damascus (ITV), 
became possible to see how 
crime elevates the ordins 

From Joan Carlos Gqnmcio, Rashidjv.li I SUffiSISS 

^’’jfS aSJ SPSI?^ ^ “1^" « SebrtadP- » 

** the incon ~ longer with military purooses. 

B&agBBa svSS 

su ^, unc ^8 the Rashi- million Palestinian refugees. 


A little talent 


on 

the 


diyeh Palestinian refugee 
camp. 

At 21, Mr Nasser Ali Hus- 
sein, his spotless beige sweater 
barely concealing a brand new 
.45 pistol, is indeed a new- 
comer to Lebanon's savage 
war of the camps. Many of his 
new comrades of the Slua Am- 
-al militia — haggard-looking 


In an econo micall y 
pressed stretch of land which 
is striving to recover from two 
devastating Israeli invasions 
m less than a decade, the 
threat of yet another foreign 
occupation is acting as AmaPs 
best ally, for it is creating a 
sense of nationalism based on 
a proud identity. 

As the latest round in the 


his pregnant 
board an El-Al jet in 
company of a lethal suitcase of 
explosives, began his career as 
a quite unexceptional man. He 
was, said Brigadier Brian 
Parfitt, a former member of 
the Army Inteffigence Corps, 
“* weak man, a romantic”. He 
liked good dothes and foreign 
travel, and not only enjoyed 
reading poetry tat wrote it 


TELEVISION 


teenagers of the ragtag army , w . 

besieging the camp — are al- war of the camps drags on 
ready veteran warriors who with more than 600 dead and 
master not only hand weapons n P. immediate solution in 


but rocket-launchers mounted 
in trucks. 


sight, there is also a binding 
sense of bitterness and unde- 
served betrayal among the 
Shias. 

Leaders of Lebanon's small 
but powerful Druze commun- 
ity, who had vowed to fight 
alongside Amal, watched mo- 
tionless as Amal was beaten in 
the battles for control of the 
strategic village of Maghdon- 
sheh, in the hills east of Sidon. 

“Everyone is fighting ag- 
ainst us. Why? We don’t 
know. Nobody likes ns in our 
own land," said an Amal fight- 
er as he boiled water for tea in 
the darkness of an abandoned 
shop Amal is now using as a 
command post just outside 


“I had to come,” explained 
the man, who recently left his 
job at a big furniture factory in 
Nigeria to join five of his bro- 
thers fighting Mr Yassir Ara- 
fat’s PLO. Mr Hussein is per- 
fectly aware he may never re- 
turn to the safety and comfort 
be found in Lagos when his 
family fled the civil war and 
sought fortune in Africa six 
years ago- But prosperity 
abroad does not matter any 
more, he said. 

“If I die, if all of my 
brothers and friends are killed 
in this war, there will always 
be Lebanese to defend their 
land and fight against Arafat" 

he emphasized with that self- 3 

confidence that is giving ^ here, we 
Lebanon's downtrodden Shia 
Muslims fresh strength in the 
battles against a well-armed, 
better-trained foe. 

For Amal leaders and an 
increasing number of Shia 
Muslims , in southern Leba- 
non, the war against Palestin- 
ian guerrillas is no longer' a 
mere attempt to prevent Mr 
Arafat from using Lebanese 
soil as a springboard for at- 
tacks ou Israel — which all 
Lebanese know will inevitably 
provoke Israeli retaliation in 
the south. 

To increase those fears, 

Amal is now expanding its 
vision of a Palestinian come- 
back and is mobilizing die 


Pales tinians 
ped them to 
fight against Israel, but when 
the Israelis came to our land, 
they all ran to Beirut and just 
sat there," he added. 

Another militiaman said: 
“The Palestinians don't want 
to fight Israel, they want to 
fight us. . .And we will, to the 


last drop of our Mood, if the| 


want to return. We win 
become shoheed (martyrs).” 

After 19 months of war 
against the PLO in Beirut and 
in the south, Amal fighters 
boast there is not a single 
village in southern Lebanon 
that has not had its own cas- 
ualties. The sense of common 
loss is also helping to heal 
political rifts within the Shia 
Muslims. 


Father arid 
son die 
on film set 


Johannesburg (AP) — A 
father and son were burned to 
death near Benoni on Sunday 
during filming in a wooden 
castle on the set of Gor, a 
science-fiction film. 

Martin Wenzel, 50, the film 
company's transport manager, 
and bis 19-year-okl son, Con- 
rad, were standing on part of 
the castle when it was set on 
fire for a battle scene. 


Peace trusts 


Wellington (Reuter) — New 
Zealand has set up two peace 
trusts, funded by compensa- 
tion paid by France over the 
sinking of the Greenpeace 
protest flagship Rainbow 
Warrior. 

Hoskins best 



The British actor Bob Hos- 
kins, who has been voted best 
actor of the year by the Los 
Angeles Film Critics for hs 
role as the lovelorn gangster m 
Mona Lisa. 


Gone West 


Munich (Remer) - Eleven 


Poles — six men — 
women - had disappear^ 
from a 23 -member tourist 
group which arrived m 


Czechoslovakia by bus from 
West Germany. 

Drugs charge 

Singapore - 

Mun Cheung, aged “jj 
Chiu Sun Hing. ^_ 27 ’^ 

smuggling about 81b of heroin 

Laced wine 

•rags; -3 

SJS were ukeajn afjer 

methanol, according to Chino- 
Daily. _ 

Choc-a-block 

Td Aviv(Reuw)-SBU» 

tion M**g»S£ 


chunks Uiai days, 

jammed sewers fo ? ' od ours 

Brak, 


spreading sweet odours 


through Biici 
municipality near Tel Aviv. 


Shoot-first 
traders 
a problem 


The programme plotted the 
coarse of Himhnrf s meta- 
morphosis into ft ruthless top 
lieutenant of Mohammed Al 
Khonlfs Syrian-bached ter- 
rorist network, from his pos- 
ition of a young journalist 
whose initial dabblings hi that 
world were a way of 
ptementmg a basic £100 
week salary. Earning his col- 
ours with bombings in West 
Berlin, Hiodawi became a VIP 
when it was learnt that his 
London-based Irish girlfriend 
was pregnant. He wasrashed 
off to Syria and given a new 
passport which would allow 
him to enter and leave Britain 
easily with a strong alibi. Is 
foe world of terrorism Hfct- 
dawi had hit the big tm 

Conde—ing a huge amoant 
of information into 30 minutes, 
The Road to Damascus aimed 
at explanation rather than 
condemn ati on and was all the 
more fri ghtening for that- As 
past ambassador to both Syria 
and Lebanon, Sir David Rob- 
erts concluded that nethfaig is 
likely to rhang*- Syria ased 
terrorism as their strongest 
recourse in a “justified" war 
and they win conthme to 
patronise individnals of prom- 
ise, sach as Hindawi. 

Afitfwms, the last in tike 
BBC2 series Nurses, showed 
tint the miracle of birth ties 
not in the production of a new 
liwman being bat in s urvi v i ng 
that experience. At The 
London Hospital, MHe End, 
the jolly, co mfortin g midwives 
are ased to delivering time or 
four babies a night with caia 
camaraderie. Accompanied by 
~a ■ te r rifying - soundtrack of 
tearing Sent and champing 
hearts, the omn ipr e se nt cam- 
era skilfully captured the fears 

and joys of this women’s 
world. 

Alexandra 
Shulman 


that went a 


notorious way 


GALLERIES 


Alfred M turnings/ 
Mannings and the 
Modems 
Manchester City Art 
Gallery 


Brockhurst RA 

Graves Art Gallery, 
Sheffield 


Robert Sargent Austin 

Robert Douwma 


James Fitton 

Dulwich Picture Gallery 


R 


umour has it the 
present FRA, offered the 
opportunity to play host to 
the touring exhibition of 
Alfred Mannings now al 
Manchester City Art Gallery (until 
January 25), replied sharply that such 
a show would pass through the sacred 
portals only over his dead body. 
Perhaps the rumour is not strictly 
accurate, but it is comprehensible: 
even 27 yean after his death the vray 
name of the Royal Academy’s most 
vocal and argumentative president 
this century can drive normally cool, 
collected men to blind fury. As he 
would have wished, he is still 

controversial 

Only his personality, alas, not his 
work. There remains — tike sale-, 
rooms offer ample evidence of it — a 
fo-tgly phiKstinft English antfeneft far 

Mannings paintings: mostly, it 
seems, those who love any painting 
with horses or dogs in it, irrespective 
ofartistic merit It would be nice to be 
able to say that this new retrospec- 
tive, the first since Manning's death, 
is a revelation, restoring him to a 
place of honour in the pantheon. Bat 
such hopes oC at the very least, a good 
argument are rapidly If die 

Academy really wanted to .exorcize 
the old devil for ever, the brat thing 
they could have done would be to. 
ora* the show, perhaps, in the 
mouldering Diploma Galleries, as an 

forthc^^^fdockbo^nr^^fah Art 


hupresstonisra, and a wonderful 
landscape painter even if the eques- 
trian portraits he often put in front of 
the landscapes looked stuffed, in- 
stantly goes by the board as soon as 
one sera a representative selection all 
together. Trying to find some fair 
ground of comparison, we might look 
to painters such as Lavery or Orpen, 
but we shall find little joy there, as 
Munnings is self-evidently not is the 
same category as either. Despite his 
reputation, be does not come over as 
a painterly painter, such as they both 
were, at aU. At his best, as in some cf 
the earlier pictures of gypsies, horse- 
fairs and such, be seems more like a 
very fair magazin e illustrator. 

In the circumstances, ft is best to 
move on quickly from the principal 
attraction in the Alhenenm to the 
smaller show. Mannings and the 
Moderns, in the adjacent main 
building. Here Munnings’s notorious 
1956 painting Does the Subject Mat- 
ter? is ensconced in the midst of just 
the kind of art he was there lampoon- 
ing. Perhaps not all of ft is so 
wonderful, but to move from 
Munnings’s own work to Victor 
Pasmore’s Rectangular Motif: Red 
and Mustard, of 19SCL or Keith 
Vaughan's 1953 Assembly 
(you notice I do not even 
Picasso or Moore into play), is to 
receive an unanswerable lesson in 
what real painting is all about. 

urprismgly enough, that is 
also what you get from the 
Brockhurst RA show at the 
Graves Gallery, Sheffield, un- 



An unanswerable lesson in what painting is all about: Gerald Br ockhn rst's 

slightly sinister formal perfection in Dorette (1933) 


wntu it 

s 


til February 1 (and thence, via 
National Portrait 


Birmingham, to the] 

Gallery in April). It is surprising 
because, after many years of almost 
total reflect (his death in America in 
1979 was scarcely noticed), Gerald 
Leslie Brockhurst has como back into 
favour only as an etcher, and at that 
on the strength mainly .of one print, 
JhtL extraordinary oude_inJrontof a 
minor entitled Adolescence. In any 
case, his crisp, dear outlines and 
meticulous realism, if carried over 
into his painting s would scarcely be 
to the taste of postwar generations. 
But now? Well, now is another matter 
entirely. In a decade which has seen a 
great return to r e p re se ntation, and a 
profound revaluation of the whole 
realist and figurative tradition 
throughout the 20th century, ft is 
more than possible that we shall be 


in the Twentieth Century. 

Far all the brave talk about 
Mannings as a fine example ofBritish 


And so we should be. It is 
intriguing to discover that early an he 
was a feflow of Augustus John and- 
times in Ireland, painting, around 
1916, landscapes in a rather similar 
from the 
this 


i7io, wi»wi.n4nwa iu a ioutoj duu 

style. Bat, if we may judge from 
astonishing Ranunculus of 1915, 


was a diversion, as he had already 
found his- true, personal manner, 
referring more to Botticelli and Fra 
Angelico than to anything nearer bis 
own time: And when, after a decade 
occupied mostly with prints, Brock- 
hurst returned to portrait painting be 
took up much the same line, only 
more starkly simplified. 

Two particular images haunted 
him, successively, throughout his life: 
first his wife Anus, then the teenage 
model Dorette, who was the occasion 
of a rather bitter divorce case and 
eventually became his second wife. 
Both ladies have a quality which can 
only be described as slightly sinister 
for aD the formal perfection, the 
paintings seem to reach back emo- 
tionally to Nineties Decadence and 
the femme fatale. Even Brockhnrst’s 
commissioned portraits from this 

period (such as the famous Duchess of 
Windsor ) have the same feeling of 
unpredictable fire beneath the appar- 
ently glacial exterior. In this 
Brockhurst has a lot in common with 
some of the German painters of the 
Neue SachlichkeiL At the same time 
it is flhiminating to learn that die only 
two contemporaries he professed any 
admiration for were Augustus John 
. and Salvador Dali: undoubtedly there 
is some bind of Surrealistic disrup- 
tion in his strangely unsettling 
paintings. 

Jn his quiet way, Brockhurst seems 
to have been almost as awkward a 
character as Munnings, and so were 
the two neglected A cademicians on 
show in London. Robert Sargent 


Austin, at Robert Douwma in Henri- 
etta Street until Christmas, was very 
like Brockhurst in many ways, not 
least his tendency to look to the prat 
(particularly Durer in' his case) in 
order to reinterpret the present, but 
his famous engravings were in fact the 
main body of his work. He also 
showed watercolours regularly at the 
Royal Academy, and did a few oils 
and temperas, but the tense, im- 
peccable line of his prints is what will 

ensure his small hut distinc tive pb** 

with posterity. Here also the real 
becomes superreal and then surreal: 
the intensity is such that one is not 
surmised to learn of his apoplectic 
nature in private life. 

James Fitton, showing at the 
Dulwich Picture Gallery- until Janu- 
ary 4, was almost Muanings's succes- 
sor as PRA t and for long-a-rooted 
enemy of all Munnings stood for - a 
dislike which seems to have been 
heartily returned. In his case the main 
point at issue was his readiness to do 
all sorts of not quite respectable 
things like drawing political cartoons 
as well as painting and looking 
favourably on some at least of the 
modems. But there can be no doubt 
from this show, which covers the 
whole range of his work, that he was a 
splendid painter in his own' fashion, 
with a strong sense of humour and a 
quirky eye for character, in places as 
well as people. Npt, perhaps, a really 
important figure, as Brockhurst argu- 
ably is, but an artist too agreeable raid 
accomplished to be quite forgotten. 



From John Best 
Ottawa 

Canadian police are worried 
by store owners who shoot 
first and ask questions later 
when their premises are in- 
vaded by would-be robbers. 

Four thieves have been shot 
— two of them fatally — in 
little more than a month while 
attempting to carry- out 
robberies. 

One fatal shooting was dur- 
ing a break-in at a drag store in 
Calgary, Alberta; the other 
was at a convenience store in 
Montreal. 

The other two i n cidents also 
took place in the vicinity of 
Montreal 

Only in the Calgary episode 
has a charge - second-degree 
murder -been laid against the 
person who 
the trigger. 

The store owner involved in 
the other fatal shooting was 
praised by callers on several 
Montreal phone-in radio pro- 
grammes conducted in the 
wake of the shooting. 

The host of one programme 
said: ’This guy is regarded as 
some kin d of hero. Our calls 
were three to one in his 
favour." 

The latest incident occurred 
last week when a store owner 
in Beauhamois, Quebec, 20 
miles west of Montreal, shot 
and wounded an intruder after 
being roused from his sleep by 

a bur ger alarm next to his 
home. 

The victim was later re- 
ported in satisfactory con- 
dition in hospital, but another 
robbery suspect was still in 
critical condition after being 
shot in the head by a drug- 
store owner in the Montreal 
suburb of LavaL 

Mr Don Cassidy, executive 
director of the. Ca n adia n 
Association of Chiefs of Pol- 
ice. deplored the resort to 
violence by an increasing 
number of store owners, 

-We are against anyone 
firin g the law into his own 
hands,” be said in Ottawa. 

He conceded, however, that 
the trend could be a reflection 
of public dissatisfaction with 
weaknesses in the criminal 
justice system, which many 
Canadians consider far too 
lenient. 

Mr Cassidy said the police 
association is particulariy con- 
cerned over me sapid prolif- 
eration of firearms possessed 
by individuals- 

In the past five years, 
registration of handguns alone 
had averaged about 50,000 a 

depiction of gun play 
oo US television programmes, 
which flood into Canada in a 
daily torrent, may be partly to 
blame, be suggested. 


John Russell Taylor 


CONCERTS 


(“Go, in the name”), the 
drawingroom party piece 
and the 


RPO/Groves 

Festival Hall 


The Dream cf (krontms is a 
puzzling piece. Nobody asks 
'about the authorial sincerity 
of love-songs or string quar- 
tets, but with sacred art in 
recent times the Question has 
been unavoidable. Elgar 
seems to have acknowledged 
as much, both in choosing as 
his subject one of the most 
shaky areas of faith (Newman 
would have had reason in 
to himself how far he . 
from Art- 
aud in setting so 
a text for the largely 
Protestant public for ora- 
torios. Beneath the visionary 
incandescence that seems to 
affirm doctrine, there is an 
urge of questioning, and it was 
thi« that predominated in The 
measured performance given 
on Sunday night under Sir 
Charies Groves. 

For mie thing, there was no 
mistaiffog Elgar’s almost Mes- 
siaen-foreshadowing use of 
vulgarized elements in the 
service of a high spiritual 
ambition: the school song 


(“My work is done") 
operatic love-duet (“A 
falls upon thee”). But . 
this fast connection was spe- 
cially emphasized by the un- 
ashamedly full, lyrical singing 
of Dennis O’NeiQ, who was 
most persuasive in those sec- 
tions where Gerontius sings of 
the will, and least effective 
where one might expect re- 
ligious awe, or dread, or 
doubt 

Sometimes he was led into 
eccentricities, such as bis sud- 
den pianissimo for the “ter- 
rible 4 thought of judgement; 
more generally there was a 
misplaced passionateness of 
booming attacks and tearing 
high phrases that was more a 
fault of vocal nattire than of 
approach. MrCTNeifl was just 
doing to the best of his ability 
something be should not have 
been asked to do. Penelope 
Walker produced a couple of 
shining outbursts, but the 
chief vocal honours went to 
Benjamin Luzon, whose bari- 
tone fire was very welcome in 
both his solos. The Brighton 
Festival Chorus fielded a 
pleasantly soft, fresh group of 
sopranos. 

tool Griffiths 


Maria Jofto Fires 

Elizabeth Hall 


their 


Now that tile Portuguese pi- 
anist Maria Jofio Pins is well 
and truly back on the concert 
platform, she is certainly 
putting herself through her 
paces. Her temporary exile, 
due to bad health, was broken 
comparatively recently: her 
higfaly-acdahned recital dfirut 
a year ago in London has now 

been followed by as exacting 
programme of Bach, Mozart 
andSchuberL 

With London audiences 
sated by pianists, yet too often 
left hungry for playing of any 
distinctive character or musi- 
cal substance, it is easy to see 
bow Piies makes her mark. 
Dwarfed by tire Steinway 
‘grand, her playing is charged 
wtb highly-strung nervous 
tension, tenacity of purpose, 
fierce concentration and a 
High intelligence shooting 
quicksilver messages to tire 
fingers. And the fingers them- 
selves are trained to a taut 
elasticity: she really does play 
the keys, hammers and stxugs 
with the intensity of contact 
one associates more readily 
with guitar-baying. 

Not surprisingly, this works 
wonders with Bach. I shall 
long remember the Hurting 
left-hand arpeggios, streaking 


__ to steal the right 
*s me, in tire Conente of 
the B flat Partita. And then the 
ohifKng pattern — near-min- 
imalist, in fact — of sonorities, 
accents and ornaments in the 
two Menuetts, the first of 
which made one long to hear 
Miss Pires in Domenico 
Scarlatti. 

Mozart's D minor Fantasia, 
its Adagio shaken by a rare 
range of dynamic weight and 
measure, provided a bridge 
from Bach to Mozart's B flat 
Sonata, K333. The crucial 
point about this sonata is the 
relationship of speed between 
movements; and Piles judged 
it to a nicety. The opening 
Allegro was daringly fast, 
faster indeed than a pianist 
could have brought off with 
one atom less of mercury in 
her veins than Miss Pires. But 
it meant that the Andante 
could be exactly that - a dear, 
lucid song out of which the 
final Allegretto could sidle on 
ftsway. 

Pins's playing is essentially 
intensive, rather than expan- 
sive. It was because of this, 
perhaps, that her Schubert B 
flat Sonata, D960, for all the 
strength of its intellectual 
design and the fine sensibility 
within its phrasing, was less 
than fuDy satisfying. 


Hilary Finch 


Muti triumphs 


OPERA 


] 


Nabucco 

La Scala, Milan 


Riccardo Muti, La Scab's new 
music director, has chosen to 
start his term of office with 
Nabucco. He shows how much 
can be achieved, even in such 
an uneven work, by thorough 
preparation of every compo- 
nent and by dose attention to 
the precise of 1 a 

composer's requirements: a 
brand-new critical edition was 
used. The result was an un- 
qualified musical triumph. 

It is hard to imagine a more 
vivid or compelling account of 
this score: its strengths were 
fully revealed and its weak- 
nesses were so skilfully han- 
dled that they seemed unim- 
portant in the context of the 
whole. In the -first act finale, 
for example, where impending 
massacre arid destruction can 
too easily sound like comic 
Rossinian confusion, Muti 
generated a framed but in- 
cisively articulated whirlwind 
of sound that was utterly 
appropriate. Even the brass 
band that accompanies the 
King's first entrance, surely 
the nadir of the opera, was 
made to sound almost regal. 

The uncredited protagonist 
of Nabucco is of course the 
Jewish people, and the Scab 
chorus's singing in this rote 
was magnificent- The opening 

scene was almost painfully 
loud, but not in the least 


raucous or harsh. And “Va 
pensiero"? There is a tradition 
in Italy ofperforming ft in the 
manner of a battle hymn, so 
Muti had emphaozed to the 
Press that ft is“the submissive 
lament of a defeated people”. 
It took the form of a nostalgic 
dream of great beauty, the 
sections of the chorus trend- 
ing perfectly to form a single 
voice. It was greeted by such a 
prolonged wave of audience 
hysteria that Muti was forced 
to encore ft before he could 
continue. 


Nabucco is commonly pfay- 
as a brutal, rough-hewn 


ed as a brutal, 
warrior- not, therefore, a part 
one would readDy associate 
with Renato Bruson; his re- 
strained bearing, soft-grained 
voice and impeccable muacal 
manners make him seem un- 
likely to relish sacking a 
temple. This created problems 
of credibility in the early 
scenes, but in fact Nabucco s 
finest music comes after the 
onset of his madness, and 
requires a seamless legato and 
complete command of bel 
canto — in this Bruson was 
superb. 

Ghena Dimitrova gave a 
thrilling portrayal of Abiga- 
ille’s fury — her combination 
of power and fullness of tone 
above the stave is outstanding 
— and her characterization 
was more sharply etched than 
when she recorded the part 
with Sinopoli three years ago. 
She also negotiated the lyrical 
passages extremely well, al- 
though real warmth of ex- 
pression was missing. 


High Priest of Baal; the young 
tenor Bruno Beccaxia pushed 
his pleasant voice too hard in 
an attempt to compete with 
the big sounds surrounding 

him. 

The visual side of the 
production did not match the 
general level of musical ex- 
cellence; in fact it rarely 
matched the music at alL 
Mauro Carosfs sets repre- 
sented a succession of dif- 
ferent approaches a solidly 
“realistic" ancient temple, a 
palace apartment consisting 
solely of an enormous woun- 
ded beast (Lion of Judah?), the 
banks of the Euphrates evoked 
by a single skyscape. Odette 
Nicoletti’s costumes ranged 
from unimaginative (smart, 
Burc h u l ad z e pos- freshly la undere d slaves) to 
sesses a voice of impressive mildl y outrageous — Nabucco 
volume and resonance, which seemed to have sprouted 
he used to tel l i ng effect as gilded wings of his own. The 
Zaccaria when rousing the director, Robert de Simone, 
Hebrews from .their, lethargy, moved the large chorus about 



Renato Brason, complete 
with golden wings 


and scaled down to a finely- 
controlled mezza voce in Ins 
great prayer. However the 
sounds he produces are not 
remotely Italian - which may 
not matter much in itsel£ but 
unlike his distinguished Sla- 
vonic predecessors his voice 
lacks the suppleness to inflect 
Verdi’s music naturally. 

Raqud Pierotti and Mario 
Luperi gave well-judged per- 
formances as Fenena and the 


efficiently, but tins was small 
compensation for his failure 
to relate crucial events dearly. 

This Nabucco not only 
opened La Scala's season but 
also an Italian state television 
project called “Tutto Verdi", 
in admiring emulation of the 
BBC Shakespeare series - 
screened in Italy under the 
rubric “Tutto Shakespeare". 


Nigel Jamieson 


LONDON 

DEBUTS 


The Soviet pianist Tatiana 
Nikolayeva is a musician on 

the grand scale. This beaming 
66-year-old launched into 
Bach's “Goldberg" Variations 
with a confidence and auth- 
ority that one only encounters 
in a master musician. The 80 
minutes that the work lasted 
seemed no longer than the 
usual first half of a recital. 

Nikolayeva's Bach is very 

much “of the piano", with 

pedal effects galore, daredevil 

virtuosity ana an individual- 
ity of projection that one 
associates more with a 19th- 
century style of performance. 
Bui. in extracting every re- 
source that the piano can 
yield, she defined the charac- 
ter of each variation with 
meticulous care. I do hope 


that this prodigiously gifted 
musician will play here 
regularly. 

One might have prejudged 
the soprano Charlotte de 
Rothschild’s lieder recital un- 
fairly because of her obvious 
connections, but to my great 
relief it turned out that she has 
a highly cultivated affinity 
with the genre. Whether she is 
portraying Mussorgsky's whi- 
ning child, a lover or a folk- 
singer, her intelligence as a 
performer always comes 
through, despite the fact that 
. the voice has undeniable de- 
fects. Sporting lyrics in five 
different languages, she sang 
some charmingly dignified 
songs by her ancestor Mat- 
hilde which had a Mendris- 
sohnian purity flavoured with 
some very subtle shifts of 
harmony. 

James Methuen- 


Campbell 


The Royal Opera House and Sadler's Wells Theatre 
in association with Youth & Music present 
FAMILY ENTERTAINMENT FOR CHRISTMAS 


tl uMenottis c . 
i he boy who grew too fast 


tors-^ 


"Both halves of the 
show go with a 
well rehearsed 
zest that should 
keep the children 
amused..." 
— FT. 


i! 


UrnO Dec 27th 
W±a& £Z7&U2J8 
CHILDSES 
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.12 


THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


SPECTRUM 



Taking the people to the patients 


A Victorian mental health asylum could be turned into an 
Italian-style town, with the patients still at its heart, thanks 
to an architect's imaginative plan. Marjorie Wallace reports 


W hen daybury 
was built in 
1893, it was 
something of a 
showpiece, an 
asylum devoted to the care of 
the mentally 01, with its own 
ornate theatre and chnrch 
seating 2,500 patients, its 
laundry and workshops and a 
300-acre farm and orchard. It 
was planned to be self-suf- 
ficient Lavishly designed, it 
was a memorial to Victorian 
guilt about madness. 

It had been built originally 
on wooded slopes 230 feet 
above the open Essex country- 
side, 10 miles north-east of 
London. Today its water 
tower and imposing chimney 
dominate the surrounding sea 
of drab and featureless sub- 
urbs. The hospital, now ageing 
and slightly forlorn, is expen- 
sive to run. Its formal land- 
scaped gardens have been 
turned to grass; its Victorian 
Gothic pavilions are patched 
with incongruous modern 
extensions. Its farm is derelict 
and most of its patients have 
gone. 

Thirty years ago there were 
2,300 people living here; now 
there are 800. The exodus, 
which began in the late 1950s 
with the discovery of neuro- 
leptic drugs, is accelerating as 
a result of government policy 
to return patients to the 
community. In 2 993 daybury 
will be dosed. 

But what’s to be done with 
this Victorian hilltop town 
when it finally shuts its doors? 
What will happen to the 300 
patients still in need of 
continuing care? 

J ohn Burrell, a 39-year- 
okl community archi- 
tect from London, grew 
interested in daybury 
after studying Victorian 
asylums, and believes he has 
found the answer. He sees 
Claybury as the capital of the 
suburbs it surveys - almost 
like an Italian hilltop town. 
Within the sturdy trails of the 
Victorian buildings it could 
contain shops, a leisure centre, 
offices, flats and houses. 

The water tower would be 
fitted with adock and become 
the “cathedral’' of the new 
city. Beneath it, a-buzy piazza 
would serve as the town centre 
with cafes, ice-cream kiosks 
and buskers on the steps of 
what used to be the boiler- 
room chimney. There would 
be fountains, walkways, coffee 
houses and shops built on the 
galleria principle. The old 
asylum theatre would be re- 
tained as part of an entertain- 
ments centre with an amphi- 
theatre and several cinemas. 
The old “airing courts”, or 
exercise yards for the patients, 
could be converted into smart 
urban squares. The 200-acre 
site would house about 3,000 
people. 

But BurrelTs idea goes fur- 


ther than simply re-using a 
heritage of elegant and well 
constructed buildings. He pro- 
poses to find room within the 
site for a 40-bed short-stay 
hospital for mental patients 
and flats and hostels for the 
300 long-stay patients. He 
plans that their accommoda- 
tion should look out over the 
“airing courts**, which would 
become their private and se- 
cluded gardens. 

“The Victorians believed 
that these hospitals were a 
humane way of protecting 
mad people from the stresses 
of normal life,” Burrell say& 
“They also thought they could 
stop mental disease spreading 
by fading out reproduction 
among the unfit.” The female 
wards were an one side of the 
hospital, the male on the. 
other. Between them were the 
central services; the theatre. 




John Burrell under the water 

tower he hopes to convert 

the kitchens, the laundry and 
the church. But men and 
women entered these places, 
including the church, through 
separate entrances. Even in 
the mortuary (planned to be- 
come a tea room), the same 
principle applied: separate 
rooms were provided for male 
and female corpses. 

John BurrelTs main chal- 
lenge was to convert this 
inward-looking hospital from 
a “pseudo town” rather like 
the large monastery of a closed 
order, into a town which coukl 
reach out into the world 
around it His vision was to 
replace the corridors by roads, 
to create courtyards, to pro- 
vide archways, while retaining 
the intimate urban relation- 
ships of the buildings. 

But it is more than an 
architectural Utopia. The 
alternative is to sell the site to 
developers and rehouse the 
long-stay patients elsewhere in 
the community. But Waltham 


Forest, the area health 
authority, is already en- 
countering opposition from 
local residents to such a 
proposition. 

The great advantage of 
Burrell's scheme is that it 
brings the community to the 
patients — “and since the 
patients are there first,” he 
points out, “the newcomers 
can’t object.” . 

Luxury bouses have already 
been built right up to 
Qaybury’s boundary fence. 
“You can imagine the opposi- 
tion there would have been if 
those houses had been there 
first and we woe trying to get 
p lanning permission to build 
this hospital.” 

The principal could apply to 
many other mental hospitals 
of similar size. Bexley, Good- 
mayes. Hill End, Horton, 
Manor, Menstcme, Netbeme, 
Severally Swansea and West 
Park - all have the potential 
to be developed as city 
centres. 

urreU’s ideas are be- 
ing taken seriously 
by several health 
authorities, includ- 
ing Leicester which 
has commissioned a study. 
During the last few years while 
hospitals have been running 
down, many acres of valuable 
bind and buildings have been 
sold piecemeal to developers 
and the proceeds have dis- 
appeared into the health 
authorities’ general funds. 
When this happens the men- 
tally ill do not necessarily 
benefit, despite the Depart- 
ment of Health's assurances 
that they wflL , 

The Claybury scheme was 
recently. presented at West- 
minster, ’ where it attracted 
interest among the Commons, 
all-party mental health group. 
“It is an exciting and novd 
scheme,” says Nicholas Win- 
terton MP, who is fighting for 
the rights of discharged men- 
tal hospital patients. 

Professor Kathleen Jones, 
of York University, the lead- 
ing expert on the sodal care of 
discharged mental patients, is 
also enthusiastic. “You’ll get 
executives living there. It will 
be so upmarket, the stigma 
will be removed from mental 
illness,” she says. 

“You can’t plant patients 
into the community like cur- 
rants in a bun. On this scheme 
they would be there from the 
beginning. There could be a 
whale range of places for them 
from flats where they would 
be totally independent to 
group homes where there 
would be staff on duty day and 
night” 

John Burrell conceived his 
idea when he saw a derelict 
menial hospital in Trieste. 
There were squatters and rats. 
“1 would hate to see that 
happen in this country,” he 
says. 




Claybury (left) as it is 
now and (above) as it 
will become if John 
Burrell’s imaginative 
plan is taken up by the 
health authorities 

O New public squares, 
shops, banks, cafes, ttorary 

O Former nurses' home 
integrated and converted 
O Health administration 
buikfing 

O High dependence 
accommodation 
© New ratal buikfing 
0 ftew office buikfing 
O New streets created 
0 New cinemas 
O New day centre 
0 New open-air arena 
space/square 
.0 Existing water tower 
adapted as docktower 
0 Assembly hafl adapted 
to focal theatre 
0 Existing chapel in new 
settling and grounds 
© Sheltered housing 
0 Existing landscaped 
airing courts improved as 
pubfc and private gardens 
0 Typical residential 
accommodation, private, 
public, housing association 

0 Existing paths linked to 
form pedestrian routes 
0 Special hostel as part of 
ordinary terraced housing 

0 One of the new hig 
street connections to I 
streets 


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Harriott 

HOTELS*RESORTS 


Squiring the inner circle 


The duties of the 
clerk of the Privy 
Council include 


far more than 


drawing up rotas 


H idden away in a rabbit 
warren of comfortable 
rooms in the centre of 
Whitehall sits a former civil 
servant from the Home Office. 
He is now the custodian of one 
of Britain's most elite constitu- 
tional bodies, whose workings 
in dude quaint traditions dat- 
ing back to the 12th and 13th 
centuries. 

Geoffrey Ivor de Deney is 
derk of the Privy Council, that 
inner circle of privileged poli- 
ticians and public servants 
who are sworn to conduct their 
business with the Queen in 
total secrecy. 

At present, de Deney 
is preparing for the next 
meeting of the council which is 
to be held this week. He has 
already sent out formal letters 
to four Privy Comise&ors from 
die Government to attend the 
meeting at Baddngbam Pal- 
ace. The letter advises than to 
wear “ordinary clothes” -for 
the occasion. 

The ranks of the Privy 
Councfl have now swelled to a 
record 390 Right Honourable 
Members. A quorum requires 
only three. 

Anyone selected ^for 
membership of the Privy 
Council, whether be be the 
leader of Her Majesty’s 
Opposition, a distinguished 
judge, a deric or a senior 
Commonwealth politician, has 
to rely on the careful coa c h ing 
of the clerk to ensure that 
when he is brought before the 
Queen for the formal oath of 
allegiance, he is aware of the 
niceties of the traditions in- 
volved. These include kissing 
the hand of the Sovereign 



Geoffrey de Deney; coaches counsellors on the niceties 
actually making 


without 
contact 

Mr de Deney, SS, who has 
been derk for two and a half 
years, draws np a rota of Privy 
Counsellors. He prefers where 
possible to summon the busi- 
est Cabinet ministers only 
once or twice a year because to 
the pressures of their work. 

One reason for this is that 
the summons to attend before 
the Qneen can often involve a 
long train journ ey . M ost of the 
nine or so Privy Councfl 
meetings a year are at 
Buckingham Palace or Wind- 
sor, but the counsellors must 
go to wherever the Sovereign is 
residing at the time, be it 
Balmoral, Sandringham or 
even the HoyaJ Yacht 
Britannia. 

M ost of the Councfl 
business is ex- 
pressed in ProdampL- 
tions or Orders in Councfl. 
Proclamations are reserved for 
important subjects, such as 
states of emergency, the with- 
drawal of a coin, or the 
dissolution of Parliament and 
require the Queen’s signature. 

Orders in Councfl. are 
needed for certain constitu- 
tional powers required by 
Government under Acts of 
Partiament which cannot be 
authorised by ministers, such 
as the picking of boundaries 
for election purposes. 

, Before the council begins. 


Loiti Whitelaw, the Lord 
President of the C«jtociI, has a 
short private audience with the 
Queen. Thai the other ana- 
setiors file m, bow, shake 
hands with die Qneen and 
take np their positions In a line 
with their backs to the win- 


dow. They remain s tan d in g, a 
tradition which dates back to 
Queen Victoria. 

ord Whitelaw holds the 
List of Badness, or 
| agenda, the Qneen 
stands at the head looking 
down the line and de Deney, 
the only one wearing formal 
clothes — striped mbraiiig 
trousers and short black jacket 
— stands facing the Privy 
Counsellors. Lord Whitelaw 
reads down the list and the 
Queen pronounces ho* ap- 
proval for each order. It’s all 
over in about 15 to 20 nrintees. 

If the Queen is out of the 
country or otherwise 
the rules are that two menu 
of the Royal Family must 
stand in for her. Recently it 
was the Queen Mother and 
Prince Edward. 

Michael Evans 


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52-54 Artillery Lane, London El 7LS 















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NEW YORK FASHION by Suzy Menkes 


NCX Rogers 


. Who would puff the 
. 3<« puff-ball skin? That 
w »s the question as the 
guests gussed up for the eaJa 
night at the MetroplorSn 

f. Museum. 

Daiiee is the theme of the 
Costume Institute’s ex- 
hibition, and dancing through 

~a Manhattan blizzard to cele- 
brate came newly-wed Kitty 
and Calvin Klein, wearing the 
evening’s high fashion acces- 
sory — the Thanksgiving holi- 
;day suntan. Kitty sported a 
mini crinoline. in black taffeta 
below the season’s ubiquitous 
strapless top. 

New York’s hottest fashion 
property Donna Karan, also 
sporting a lamsbowed off her 
own-label strapless, swathed 
jersey dress. 

Other frock folk included 
the diminutive Giorgio 
Sanf Angelo, chu jbic-faced 

. Bill Blass and Oscar de la 

w m Renta , and Japanese Issey 
' Miyake and Hanae (“Madame 
Butterfly”) Morae. Saint 
Lauren I’S Pierre Beige, off the 
plane from . YSL’s Moscow 
^ exhibit,, was just in time to 
^ catch Paloma Picasso desert- 
ing Yves for an empire-line 
crinoline in bronze taffeta and 
crochet, ■ swagged with mink 
tails, by rising Paris star 
Christian Lacroix. 

On a label count at this 
prestige gathering, it was a fair 
night for European designers, 
with • Nancy Kissinger in 
Valentino's sequins and 
brown : crepe, Betsy 
Bloomingdale in Dior, and a 
glamorous Estee .Lauder, in 
Festive crimson velvet from 
Givenchy couture. 

I The /fashion -flight belonged 

to couturier Arnold Scaasi,* 
who had made 32 dresses for 
die Costume Institute's party, 
including the best of the puff' 
balls — delectable peach taffeta 
worn by Kathleen Hearst of 
the newspaper dynasty. 

^ Bouffant 1950s tulle 
Sam below a Cinderella 
'nm' waistline dances chic 
to chic with Patou’s flirty 
beaded-cftariestoiMiresses and 
brocade ballgowns for the: . 

minuet... : "■/ 

All the - romance glam- 
our of. the. sodal. .dande isr. 
expressed inlhe exhibition al - 
the Museum. The show open* . ’ 
with exquisite capes and coats, 
from Poiret’s lampshade of 
chrome yellow satin to 
Schiaparelli's gilded Sun King 
embroidery on black velvet 
A burst of flamenco music 
introduces a roomful of Span- 
ish inspiration, which in- 
cludes a Naughty Nineties 
painting of a roguish 
Carmen ci ta and her style re- 
interpreted by - Balenciaga, 
Dior and Saint Laurent - - 
The jazz age brings us ‘The 
Dansant” and a stunning 
dress embroidered with fire- 
works by Chanel, in 1938. A 

* dancing couple turn out to be 
the Duke of Windsor, stylish 
in ink blue tails against the 
Duchess's slither of silver 
lame circles from Vionnet 

The sexual pulse of modern 
music runs through the 

• exhibition's . 1960s display, 

- which has Courreges’s black 
vinyl midriff on black, silk 

..organza, Paco Rabanne’s 
i iridescent plastic discs on a 
mini dress, and - Ungaro’s 

1 ' skimpy .1967 garment reveal- 

- ing a cleavage at the rear. 

"jtf*- Karl Lagerfeld has 
Sara. taken his- KL sports- 
-.-mr wear business out of e 

. New York. The sportswear i 
line, launched in the Big Apple £ 
in autumn 1985, will now be K 
based in Paris. V 

jgm. The pickets are out at % 
fta Norma Kamali's bou- J] 
v tique on 56th sheet to fg 

‘ stop the feminist fashion de- g 
signer from setting up her own H 

- mahufecturing company with ■ 
-non-union labour. She has & 

- - -shut down her wholesale bust- 

ness in defiance. OMO Norma fa 
Kamah has always been the 
■ title lag. The initials stand for 
On My Own. 


The Big Apple 
is a-buzz with 
designer 
people in 
designe r 
clothes, and 
Europeans are 
covering their 
fair share of 
famous backs 


Newly-wed Calvin and Kelly Klein: strapless mini crini 


Above left: Paionza Picasso in Lacroix mink tails Right Estee Lander in Givenchy velvet 


COMMENT 


S am's Cafe is hot in 
Manhattan- But the 
young crowd hanging 
out in the fashionable 
diner do not always 
recognize the fresh-faced. 
Amazonian, all-American girl 
who gives the place its name. 
But by the time Mariel 
Hemingway — nickname Sam 
— has appeared in Superman 
IV. she will be a familiar scion 
of the famous dynasty. 

“I am interested in healthy 
food, good food, dean food”, 
says the budding film star* 
about the restaurant that she 
and her husband Steve 
Christman run on the upper- 
most East side. “I think 
restaurants are about food and 
eating, not about assaulting 
you with decor.” 

As in food, so with fashion: 
the lithe and sporty Mariel. 
Hemingway seems typecast in 
the earlier role of preppy kid 
she played in Woody Allen's 
Manhattan. 

T don't believe in that 
whole star image thing”, she . 
says. T am open and honest 
abont who J am and 1, don't 
think about presenting myself 
to the' public. ’ I think about' 
what makes me feel good” 

She is wearing blue jeans, 
cowboy boots and a checked 
jacket from her favourite de- 
signer. the Italian Giorgio 
Armani. She later swaps the 


Mariel Hemingway, above, the actress 
with an anti-glamour streak, talks 
about the importance of being earnest 

Sam plays 
it her way 


denim for a slim skirt and high 
heels. (“But I have to be 
careful because I am so tall 
already.”) 

The only Superman film 
outfit she likes for her role as 
an aspiring editor ofThe Daily 
Planet is a trouser suit cut on 
simple lines and in the deep 
sky blue of her beloved Idaho. 
She has a Hemingway longing 
for the open country where 
she rides bareback. “I am not 
.one of those women who can't 
bear the thought of getting on 
a horse without a saddle”, she 
says. 

She accepts gratefully the 
connection' with her famous 
grandfather, Ernest Heming- 
way, and with her actresss 
sister Maigaux, who per- 


suaded her to appear with her 
in the film Lisptick. 

In Superman , her fictional 
character is not at all in- 
terested in the derring-do of 
Superman, but thinks the 
besfiectaded Clark Kent is 
“quite wonderful”. 

This seems to be type* 
casting, for 25-year-old Mariel 
is surprisingly unmoved by 
the glamour of stardom. When 
she goes to a fihn premiere it 
-may be in the “simple clean 
look” of her favourite Ameri- 
can designer Calvin Klein, or 
in the sleek, strapless Chanel 
dress she- wore for the royal • 
opening of Labyrinth in 
London this month. But she 
says that “the two thousand 
dollar dress is not something 


that I want to invest money in. 
When you get into very glam- 
orous things, you look like you 
are competing. I don't want to 
look as though I spent eight 
months shopping for it” 

She has worked out an 
eating programme for herself 
eating only fruit through the 
day, although Sam’s Cafe 
serves grilled meat, chicken or 
fish and takes as its motif her 
“fetish”, the dairy cow. “I 
went through crazy health 
regimes, but now I’ve come to 
a nice way of eating that works 
for me” she explains. . 

It is hand to find a streak of 
romance in the down-to-earth 
Miss Hemingway.' She de- 
scribes the uplifting drama of 
film flying, when her well- 
honed body is encased in a 
fibre glass mould, as “a com- 
pletely humiliating 
experience” She will not 
dream up a bogus Bogart 
connection with her nickname 
“Sam” and even scorns the 
legendary tale that her sister 
Margaux was conceived on 
the . eponymous chateau 
bottle. 

“Being part of a famous 
dynasty -is nothing new for 
me”, - she says- “The Heming- 
way name has certainly been 
useful. “I like to think that I 
have earned a few of my own 
stripes - but not nearly as 
many as the name holds.” 


Quality 

street 

U ptown, upbeat and 
upscale is the mess- 
age from Man- 
hattan. The sheer 
glamour of the New York 
stores, the cornucopia of lax- 
ary goods and the imaginative 
presentation is overwhelming, 
The store windows are 
strung like gams down Fifth. 
Avenue. They need chains 
iinnnss'fite'pavenieBt at Lord 
and Taylor to cont rol the 
crowds viewing their immature 
scenes of Manhattan Christ- i 
mas -Past Saks Fifth Avenue 
offers elaborate and luxurious 
Icelandic snow scenes. 

The catalyst for “quality” 
has been Ralph Lauren and 
the aspirational old-England 
life style .of his Madison 
Avenue store. People are talk- 
ing about the “Lanrenization” 
of New York, as new money 
abandons glitz in favour of fine 
leather and cashmere. 


r--'- */-■ ■**; - ■■ =• ■ • .. 

Kathleen Hearst is peach puff ball by Arnold Scaasi 
Photographs: Tony Pahnieri/WWD 


T hat is good news for 
the European bou- 
tiques on Madison, 
and for the New Wave 
US designers like Donna 
Karan. Her sensuous spring 
collection has all-in-one body 
Mooses in heavy four-ply silk, , 
the softest cashmere and wisps 
of chiffon, in tenter colours of 
sea shell pink. 

Ralph Lauren himself takes 
a palette of water colours and 
brashes it over his simple 

separates and silky 1930-style 
printed dresses. His store Is 
filled with Christmas card 
rignettes - country hearth and 
home as the setting for rugs 
and woollies, tartan blankets 
and dob ties. 

Uptown's quality look has 
spread not just to the 
gentrified Upper West Side, 
but also to Barney's new 
women's store, where designer 
boutiques are grouped round a 
central atrium and where 
fashionable decorator Andris 
Pnttnafn has designed the 
cosmetic hall and a surreal 
Christmas window. 

Barney's venture and the 
general emphasis in New York 
on quality marks the coming of 
age of the 1960s customer who 
is trading up. 

New York’s hype on quality 
suggests a consumer maturity 
that is spreading from uptown 
down - and may soon reach 
the old world from the new. 


CONCISE CROSSWORD NO 1 133 


ACROSS 

1 Compelled (61 
5 Smart (6) 

8 Type (3) 

9. Lavish (4 J) 

10 Memo recepiade 
(2,4) 

If .East end church re- 
cess (41 . 

12 Flyover (81 

14 Great Exhibition 
building (-7,6) 

17 OeigyliKc(8) 

15 Consume alcohol 

regularly (4) 

21 Soldier's lodgings (61 

23 Sudden storm (61 

24 Fool (3l 

25 Leisurely walk (61 

26 Hautboy player (6; 

DOWN 

2 PaigJe(5l 

3 Cypress <9 r 

4 Qualification docu- 

•ment (71 

5 Evade work (5) 

SOLUTION TO NO 1132 


■ ■ ■ j 


jiiiijii 


mmummm 


mmumum 


6 Rodent (3) 

7 Definitive f 71 

13 communist exec- 
utive (9) 

IS Pragmatist (7> 


16 Guernica artis (7) 
IS Pietermaritzburg 
province (5) 

26 Haemorrhoids (5) 

22 lion <31 


I CumeiiHHirC'hiimpjiaK.'i.iLiiinp, 

1 fur men i inly («ith women in mind); 
tux t. Mtthk /Xh — IfiliilL 

»•■»* hitiiiif: uivii'iiiAi 
lk-miiiul iHuyrvk'JUtitulh »lt 
ur.jppni. 


ACROSS; 1 Helium 
13 Parr iSVaporeUO 


TO i 8 Bleak 9 Trivial U Catacomb r. f\ 

\gg£> 5 Jop.h * WShamcful 22 Emulous 23 Can* 

r . • - A Ani'ilii -r . 


24 Stub 25.Sapf<T Mcamorphosis 5 Wain 6 An’ 
■PQ.m.^l Vrropc MAiom 15 Viaduct 1 6 Sole 
7 Aback Wyi* , “. C £5 I a Cup 
nClcek 20rarrc 21 Booo 


TWO THINGS HAVE PUT the small town 
of Lynchburg, Tennessee on the map. One is the 
distillery you’re looking at, the oldest registered 
distillery in America. The other is the unique 
whiskey that’s produced here Jack Daniels, 
it’s always been distilled here, and only ever 
here. And it’s been a way of life for over 100 
years. So no wonder people call it good ol’ 
Tennessee sippin whiskey 


DISTILLED AND BOTTLED BY JACK DANIEL DISTILLERY. LYNCHBURG (POPULATION 361). TENNESSEE, USA. ESI & REGD. IN 1866. 
IF YOU’D LIKE 70 KNOW MORE ABOUT OUR UNIQUE WHISKEY WRITE TO US FOR A FREE BOOKLET. 














THE TIMES TUESDAYDECEMBER 16 1986 


ft.„ 


BARRY FANT0N1 



‘What triad of early-warning system 
is it that can't see we don't want it?* 

No secret now 

The next imbroglio set to engulf 
the BBC will be over The Secret 
Society, a series by New Statesman 
journalist Duncan Campbell to be 
shown in the New Year. Its subject 
matter — the security services — 
will doubtless touch government 
nerves still raw from the Peter 
Wright case. Already the right- 
wing Freedom Association, 
chaired by Norris McWhirter, has 
taken legal advice suggesting the 
BBC may be in breach of its 
charter if it does not allow it a 
chance to reply to Campbell’s 
“propaganda". In foci. I learn, 
Campbell tried to persuade Julian 
Lewis of the pro-Nato Peace 
Through Security outfit to appear 
on the programme to his case. 
Unprepared to “legitimize Camp- 
bell’s partisan series by appear- 
ing”, Lewis instead informed, on 
the BBC to his friends in the 
Freedom Association. 

PHS 


In the first of an occasional series being pnblished jointly In The Times and New York Times, 
Zbigniew Brzezinski looks at the prospects for America’s post-Irangate forefen policy 


THE TIMES 
diary 

Plane 
speaking 

The suggestion by Jim Prior, the 
Li EC chairman, that the rival 
Nimrod and Boeing early-warning 
aircraft should be subject to some 
form of independent assessment 
has caused wry amusement in 
aerospace and defence circles. The 
two jets have already been subject 
to both “paper” and actual flying 
evaluation by a wide range of 
civilian scientists, military experts 
and the RAF. Yesterday, in 
Whitehall, the talk was of where 
the new independent experts 
might come from. The 
overwhelming concensus was — 
the Russians. “We could always 
ask them which aircraft they 
found it easier to fly against,” said 
one Ministry of Defence wag. 
“After all, they’re the only ones 
who would really know." 

Wait for it 

The Falkland Islands are abuzz 
with rumours of a visit by the 
Queen next year, to coincide with 
the fifth anniversary of the Ar- 
gentine invasion. A PHSpy tells 
me that residents of Port Stanley 
are even now preparing for the 
regal advent, which they claim 
Buckingham Palace is code- 
naming Operation Maldives. Yes- 
terday I received the inevitable 
denial from the palace. The chief 
press officer, Michael Shea, told 
me: “Ob no, there are no such 
plans." But he added: “That is not 
to say that there are no plans for a 
royal visit at some future date.’' 

Crime school 

Fraud investigators attending a 
seminar at Liverpool University 
on corruption will be educated in 
that dubious art by someone more 
qualified than most on financial 
dirty dealings — John Stonehouse, 
the former Labour minister who 
was jailed for seven years in 1 976 
for fraud, deception and theft after 
faking his drowning off a Florida 
beach. The seminar’s organizer, 
Alan Doig, has also lined up T 
T. Dan Smith, jailed for his part in 
the Poulson scandal in the 
Seventies-Doig explains: “We in- 
vited policemen, a member of 
Lloyd's regulating body and some- 
one from the Audit Commision to 
speak, and we thought that we 
should also have people who had 
actually done it." 

Disestablished 

Dublin's Irish Times - no relation 
— has chosen a new editor, Conor 
Brady. A journalist m his forties, 
Brady succeeds the veteran Doug- 
las Gageby who moved the paper 
in tune with a changing Ireland 
from its former role as a bastion of 
the Anglo-Irish establishment to a 
position now more identified with 
the modem values of the republic. 
In recent years the paper has 
developed a reputation for liberal- 
ism and has confronted several 
internal scandals connected with 
the security forces. Significantly, 
Brady, the son of a former senior 
police officer, becomes the first 
Roman Catholic to grace the 
editor's chair. 

CoOl customer 

Not ones to accept gifts even for a 
job well done, two Black Country 
policemen found they bad a lot of 
explaining to do after returning 
stolen property to an Indian 
garage owner. The latest edition of 
Police magazine tells how the two 
detectives, after enduringa lengthy 
monologue by the garage man on 
the efficiency of the police, re- 
turned to their unmarked CID 
patrol car only to find it had been 
equipped with a new stereo and 
sunroof — a gift from the grateful 
garage owner. 


American foreign policy- is in 
crisis. President Reagan can re- 
coup, however, provided he rec- 
ognizes the extent ofhis problems. 
This requires feeing some baric 
substantive and operational short- 
comings that recent events have 
exposed. These shortcomings 
have bfeen dramatized not only by 
the Tehran affair but also by the 
Reykjavik debacle. They illustrate 
what the president needs urgently 
to correct 

It would be a tragedy if Reagan 
were to leave office as yet another 
victimjof what is beginning to look 
like a j quarter-century-Jong crisis 
of the presidency. Yet that coukl 
be the case if his Last two years 
come to be dominated by . a 
protracted and paralyzing national 
debate -over what did or did not 
happen on tjbe way to Tehran, and 
over the unnecessary and badly- 
managed Reykjavik encounter. 

The more immediate damage to 
the president's policy involves 
regional confusion in the Middle 
East; anxiety among America's 
principal allies about the nature of 
its decision-making process and 
the actual substance of its strategy; 
growing confusion over the 
administration's strategic doc- 
trine; and increasing opportunities 
for skilful Soviet exploitation of 
all these problems. 

In the Middle East, there can be 
little doubt that Iran’s position has 
been strengthened at the cost of 
countries previously viewed as 
America's friends. Israel may have 
lined some short-term advantage 
om American sponsorship of a 
wider arms flow to Iran, but it is 
hard to imagine that a Middle East 
more susceptible to Islamic fun- 
damentalism would not become 
eventually a Middle East .more 
dangerous to Israel’s security. 

American credibility with the 
moderate Arab powers and the 

Gulf states has hit a low ebb. It will 

be difficult, and will take a long 
time, for America's word to be 
seen again as its bond. 

In western Europe, there is 
derision at the way America tried 
to pursue a would-be Machiavel- 
lian policy in a manner more 
reminiscent of Inspector Gou- 
seau. 'But ridicule turns into 
concern When Europeans reflect 
on the implications of what tran- 
spired' in Reykjavik. A summit 
hastily convened for no apparent 
reason and without any agenda 
turned suddenly into a serious 
negotiating process in which a 30- 
year-old strategic doctrine was 
suddenly turned on its head — and 
without any consultation with 
America's principal allies whom 
this dramatic development would 
most affect 


A Machiavellian 
policy with a 

Clonseau touch 


Europeans are, therefore, under- 
standably perplexed as to how the 
president and his Secretary of 
State, George Shultz, could so 
tamper with the concepts and 
practice of extended deterrence 
and yet be so unconcerned over 
the possible decoupling effects on 
the western alliance. 

For the Soviet leadership, the 
foregoing creates obvious opp- 
ortunities. It is unlikely that the 
Soviet Union will rush headlong 
to exploit them, for that could 
precipitate a crisis with the US 



How Reagan 
must repair 
the damage 


which would induce Americans to 
rally together around the president 
and the flag. More likely is a 
cautious exploitation of any new 
opportunities that may open up, 
on the model of Soviet conduct in 
the mid-1970s. 

Moreover, this condition gives 
the Soviet Union a better chance 
to pursue its long-term goal of 
dominating the Eurasian land- 
mass with its policy of seeking to 
improve its relations with western 
Europe, and with Japan and Oiina 
in the Far East, in both cases 
hoping to weaken the connection 
between these Eurasian extrem- 
ities and Moscow’s principal rival, 
the United States. 

A longer-range negative effect of 
this crisis is the damage it does to 
the American public’s confidence 
in its own government. One of 
Reagan's great accomplishments 
was the apparent revival of 
America's self-confidence and its 
respect for the presidency. The 
recent events have set tins back 
and have contributed to a revival 
of demagogic partisanship. 

The investigations will doubt- 
less run their course, and other 
revelations may yetemeirge. But - 
irrespective of those develop- 
ment it is essential that in the 
coining weeks the president - 
moves decisively to infuse his 
foreign policy with a sense of 
momentum and direction. 

On derision-making, he has to 
recognize that the problem over 
the last several years has been not 
that the National Security Council 
has been too strong but that it has 
been too weak. The NSC exists to 
coordinate and integrate foreign 
policy according to the presidents 
design. A weak NSC contributes to 
the breakdown of the derision-" 
making process. • 


The appointment of a new NSC 
adviser is likely to infuse the 
council with greater strength and a 
sense of direction. But the adviser 
can be effective only if be is 
guaranteed that the NSC will not 
be decapitated by reforms as a 
result of overreaction to the crisis. 
A strohg adviser, with the capacity 
to develop effective coordination, 
will alio help the Secretary of State 
play 'his pre-eminent role in 
articulating foreign policy on the 
president's behalf and in integrat- 
ing/ the Defence Secretary’s 
contribution into a strategic de- 
sign. 

Reagan needs to clarify what his 
strategic doctrine is and what it 
implies for the future. He should, 
at the earliest opportunity, clarify 
what his goals are in the arms- 
control negotiations. This should 
not involve visionary and poten- 
tially counter-productive utopias 
but a coherent and concrete 
programme of middle-level initia- 
tives. designed to stabilize the 
strategic relationship with Mos- 
cow. 

Itiseertainlynottoalatetoseek 
a specific anns-control agreement 
about nuclear forces in Europe 
and some reductions in the overall 
totals of strategic warheads as part 
of an interim agreement. 

Beyond that the president 
should move to translate gradually 
his Strategic Defence Initiative 
from research into reality. He 
cannot do so if he keeps talking 
about an eventual “astrodome” 
over the US while in the mean- 
time the Soviets succeed in 
presenting SDI as the principal 
obstacle to arms control Instead, 
he should now take some of the 
initial deployment decisions de- 
signed to provide. for die US a 


limited strategic defence capable 
of protecting America's strategic 
forces and - principal command 
and control centres. 

He could thus ensure that in 
future negotiations the issue will 
be what mix of offensive and 
defensive strategic forces would 
achieve mutual security.This is 
die. mattgr that ought to be 
negotiated and not largely 
theological discussions about the 
respective merits of a total SDI or 
a totally midear-free world. 

In Central America in the 
course of the next year, h is likely 
that the US wifleonfronta serious 
dilemma, if the Nicaraguan 
Contras falter, win the US be 
prepared to accept a Bay of Figs 
writ larg:? What can now be done 
to reduce that danger? This issue 
must be examined with a longer 
strategy in mind. It would be wise 
for the president and his immedi- 
ate advisers to take stock. 


Real strategic 
vision lacking 
at the top 


The damage that has been done 
will take long to heaL A more 
active effort to mediate between 
land and the Arabs would help to 
establish America’s credentials 
again as a responsible mediator. 
Israel's prime minister, Shimon 
Peres, was truly courageous in his 
efforts to open a dialogue on the 
Palestinian issue. He did not 
obtain the help that he deserved. 
Largely because of America's 
passivity'. The recent debacle cans 
for a renewed American effort 
Otherwise the ride of hostilities is 
likely gradually to increase. . 

‘ US foreign policy in the last two 
years has been largely reactive. It 
has lacked a larger strategic vision, 
in part because of the progressive 
fragmentation of decision-making 
at the highest level Only fry the 
restoration of effective presiden- 
tial leadership can Reagan put 
behind him the unpleasant mem- 
ories of Reykjavik and Tehran. 
The author was a member of the 
National Security Council and 
assistant to President Carter for 
national security chairs, 1977-81. 


Scythe still slashing in Whitehall 

Michael Evans, Whitehall Correspondent, 


It might appear that this govern- 
ment had lost some of its fierce 
appetite for cost-cutting - and 
management reform in Whitehall 
with the return of Lord Rayner, 
Mrs Thatcher’s key appointment, 
to Maries & Spencer and the lower 
nofile adopted by his successor, 
lut behind other civil service 
issues which have dominated the 
headlines, since the. first .cost- 
cutting initiatives were launched, 
change is still taking place. The 
civil service is casting off old 
habits and moving cautiously 
towards the management culture 
of the private sector. 

It is a long, slow business. 
Rayner has been succeeded by Sir 
Robin Ibbs, seconded from the 
main board of 1C3, and his 
efficiency unit is continuing to 
thrust into tire civil service 
bureaucracy in an. attempt to 
inject greater efficiency into the 
system. Since 1979 £l billion has 
been saved and the estimated 
annual savings run to about 
£300 million out of a total expen- 
diture of about £142 billion. 

But as the private-sector input 
from Rayner and Ibbs has forced 
every department to take a hard 
look at its management policies, a 
new revolution is blasting not just 
fresh, but cokl, air into civil 
service areas which, it now 
emerges, have been wasting mil- 
lions of pounds of taxpayers* 
money. 

The second shock for Whitehall 
has come from the Willacy revolu- 
tion. In August last year, Michael 
Willacy, a 53-year-old executive 
from Shell UK, was asked by Mis 
Thatcher to examine the whole 
area of government purchasing, 
from stationery to breeze-blocks. 
Only warlike equipment bought 
by the Defence Ministry and the 
huge National Health Service 
drugs bill were excluded. 

His appointment followed an 
alarming repent by Whitehall's 
management and personnel office 
detailing chronic mismanagement 
of stocks, including the bizarre 
discovery of one million tins of 
Vim in one department store, 120 
years’ supply of cardboard map- 
holders in another and enough 
filing tabs at the Energy Depart- 
ment to last 1,000 years. . . 

Willacy, seconded from Shell 
for three years, finished setting up 
his team of private-sector experts 
in January this year and his 


finds the cost-cutting going well 


Central Unit on Purchasing 
(CUP) set out to save the taxpayer 
£400 milli on a year, or 5 pear cent ' 
of tiie target expenditure, by 1987. 

After nearly a year of aggressive 
housekeeping inside Whitehall, . 
Willacy - has discovered that 
purchasing is the Cinderella 
department of the civil service. 
Anyone with ambitions to rise up 
the ladder spends as little time as 
possible in the paper dip and 
furniture department, with the 
result that the wasteful traditions 
have been allowed to cany on 
unchecked and no real attempt has 
been made to cut back on the 
government's annual £7 billion . 
purchasing bill 

Willacy commented: “Govern- 
ment purchasing is usually a part- 
time operation carried out by. 
amateurs with little formal train- 
ing. To be really successful in 
purchase and supply you have to 
be aggressive, dig your hods in 
and be prepared to take risks. The 
people I come across are very nice 
individually but they haven't 
joined the civil service to be 
aggressive.” 


However, realizing that the 
Willacy drive had the full backing 
of the prime minister, Whitehall 
reacted enthusiastically. In the 
first year, CUP has reduced the 
1985/86 purchasing budget by 
£70 million, a 1.2 per cent cut, and 
in the current financial year the 
target is £109 million, a 1.7 per 
cent reduction. But the savings are 
still far behind the sort of targets 
which the private sector, particu- 
larly the oil industry at present , 
would set itself Willacy has made 
it dear that he expects much better 
results. 

So far the departments with 
smaller budgets have been the 
pacesetters; For example, the Na- 
tional Savings department out 
back in the financial year 1985/86 
by £3.4 million. Inland' Revenue 
by £4.8 millio n, and . the Sta- 
tionery Office by £9.3 mfllioii- But 
three departments, inducting Agri- 
culture and the Intervention 
Board for Agricultural Produce, 
which has 135 stores, were unable 
to record what they had achieved. 

by the Willacy unit, 
have in- 


Spunedon 
some departments 


AVERAGE 

Department of 
Energy 

HM Treasury | 

Property Services 
Agency 

Ministry of Agriculture 
Fisheries and Food 

Foretan and 
Commonwealth Office 

Home Office 

Department of 
Transport 

Department of Health 
and Social Security 

Department of 
Education and Science 


Department of 
Employment 

Department of 
of fee Environment 

Department of 
-Trade and Industry 






GOVERNMENT 
^PURCHASING! 
k:::-. SAVINGS -M 


Achieved 1985/88*_l 
TargeM 986/37: 


Further 

Improvements 




'■yWy 




f-i 


iStf’A* a percentage of ovaral 


Eg 


'£wb!? J m 




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traduced novel ideas for saving. 
The Royal Mint has saved more 
than £600,000 by the increased use 
of scrap rather than virgin ma- 
terial and its purchasing officers 
have been told to try to save the 
equivalent of their annual salaries 
in their negotiations. But despite 
the enthusiasm of many of the 
departments to cooperate, it 
seems unlikely that the ambition 
of reaching a 5 per cent cutback by 
next April will be realized. 

Strenuous efforts are being 
made to tackle one of the worst 
areas of waste, the huge stockhold- 
ings scattered around the country. 
Excluding Defence equipment ami 
the Common Market Agricultural 
Policy food stocks, central govern- 
ment stores are estimated to be 
worth about £150 million. But no 
one knows whether this is accurate 
because many departments have 
failed to keep proper inventories. 

- But it has been worked out that 
it oosts £50 million just to look 
after the stockholding. For exam- 
ple, stocks of stationery are worth 
shout £75 million and will Last for 
many years. About a quarter could 
become obseletc or unusable. 

So far, departments have set 
themselves a stock redaction tar- 
get of only 7 per cent (£10 million) 
by next April but the Environment 
Department hopes to cut its main 
stationery store by 60 per cent by 
the end of next March, 1988. 

Willacy believes that civil ser- 
vants have a tendency to set 
themselves targets which they 
know they can achieve and so 
avoid any trouble, whereas the 
private sector sets targets that 
really stretch the purchasing 
departments. - 

To ensure that the Willacy 
enpact remains a positive force 
after be has returned to Shell, 
every department is being en- 
couraged to employ private-sector 
personnel as consultants. In a few 
cases, such as the Home Office, 
department purchasing officers 
have already become enthusiastic 
converts to private-sector prac- 
tices. 

But there is still one major 
obstacle to overcome. High-flying 
tivfl servants have to be per- 
suaded that a career in purchasing 
is just as rewarding as the more 
traditional cerebral areas of policy 
and strategy. That could be an 
insurmountable barrier. 


Roger Scruton 

Triumph of the 

half-educated 


Se*- V"' 

' "5* 


A century ago T.G. Masaryk 
sought to explain the extraor- 
dinary increase in the number or 
suicides throughout the civilized 
world. Like Duikheun, he be- 
lieved that ma n had become 
detached from the laws and 
customs which bound him to 
society and that, far from welcom- 
ing this 1 detachment, he experi- 
enced it as a loss of joy ; and 
certainty, a failure to find, in his 
surrounding world, the meaning 
and purpose which would justify 
his presence there. In short, his 
emancipation from society was 
felt as a loss of freedom, not a gam. 

It was not merely the decline ot 
faith, Masaryk argued, which in- 
duced ibis troubled posture. 
Things were exacerbated by a 
peculiar modern phenomenon, 
which he called Halbbild ung — 
half-education. It was the prom- 
inence in public life of the senu- 
educated, he suggested, that 
stirred up the hopes and destroyed 
the certainties of mankind. All 
faith was cast in doubt, all 
morality relativized, and all sim- 
ple contentment destroyed, by the 
sarcastic criticism of those who 
could see just so far as to question 
the foundations of social order but 
not so far as to uphold them. 

Many things have changed since 
Masaryk wrote, and suicide could 
no longer be described as the 
major social problem. Neverthe- 
less, der halbgebildete Mensch has 
not relinquished his central pos- 
ition. The main effect of the small 
dose of education which is gen- 
erally adminis tered is to destroy 
culture, by installing a habit of 
scepticismil With the rise of social 

science the stance of the “thinking 

man” is increasingly assumed to 
be a stance outride society, outside 
culture, a stance which rejoices in 
debunking values. 

. The simpler and more widely 
available forms of education are 
therefore invariably secular, cyni- 
cal ami “value-free” They avoid 
the true task of criticism, which is 
not merely to disparage, but to 
discern and conserve whai is 
valuable. True education is a 
demanding thing . Jis discipline is 
hander, its hinge of reference 
wider, and its standpoint towards 
tins ordinary world of the unedu- 
cated mare humble than anything 
a student is likely to come across 
in a course of sociology. 

The semi-educated fear the 
educated. They win always act to 


marginalize the defenders of the 
old rfisripHncs and values. so as to 
rule in their place. There is a kind 
of Gresham's Law of the intellect, 
by which bad education drives out 
good. The place formerly occupied 
by wisdom and circumspection is 
now occupied by scepticism and 
triviality. Institutions such as 
universities, publishing houses, 
churches and the BBC, which used 
to be bastions of our crumbling 


civilization, arc now in the hands 
of people for whom the v «y 
“deration" is an object of 

^This intellectual Gresham's 
Law parallels the law first enun- 
ciated^ Robert Conquest » mch 
is that the more you knew about 
something, the more right-wing 
£fareabbut it (By “right-wing 
he meant appreciative of true 
achievements, obedientto author- 
ities, and firm against obstrep- 
erous demands for “equality and 

“liberation’*.) Convenes. *e 
more left-wing you are about 
something (whether it be ihe style 
of Jane Austen or nuclear strategy) 
the less you. know about it. 

It is a pity that when Norman 
Tebbit launched his attack on ihe 
BBC nobody was at hand to 
remind him of the laws of 
Gresham and Conquest, ft is not 
the case that the BBC is in the 
hands of a left-wing conspiracy'. Its 
manifest “anti-capitalist” bias is 
no different from the anti-capital- 
ist bias of the , churches and the 
universities. It is neither intended 
nor p lann ed, but emerges from the 
spontaneous co-operation of a 
thousand ball-educated individ- 
uals, each of whom sees his 
mission as that of questioning 
established power. 

It is no more likely that right- 
wing opinions will be fairiy dis- 
cussed by the BBC than that they 
will be fairly considered in a 
university. To see through to their 
meaning you must first regain at 
the level of reflection that natural 
seriousness which people leave 
behind when they enter the path of 
education, and which can be 
regained only by travelling further 
along that path than most are 
inclined to go. 

However, the semi-educated are 
as hungry for moral values as the 
rest of us. Having learned how to 
despise their forefathers' values 
and to pour scorn on every 1 other 
source of natural contentment, 
they find themselves drawn into a 
■' morality of opposition. They be- 
gin to see the defender of tra- 
ditional values not as an 
intellectual opponent, with whom 
you might decently argue and 
from whom you might learn, but 
as a demon. 

“Right-wing” views begin to be 
perceived, not as mistaken, but as 
evil, and everybody who stands 
publicly for them will become an 
object of fierce moral abuse. If you 
are not part of the broad left- 
liberal consensus — the consensus 
of the semi-educated — then you 
are an enemy of the people. That, I 
believe, is why no right-wing 
Speaker can be guaranteed a safe 
platform at a modem university, 
and why no right-wing politician 
can be sure that he will not be 
libelled i»y the BBC 
Ihe author is editor of the Salis- 
bury Review. 


moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Peking for all 
the Test news 


When you are away for a month 
on your first trip to the Far East, as 
I have just bees, it is very easy to 
get out of touch with the news. I 
would go so far as to say that it is 
hard to keep in touch with the 
news. I would go eves further: one 
of the main reasons for going to 
the Far East is to experience the 
joy and serenity of being out of 
much with the news. 

When -you get bade, though, 
your first duty is to catch up with 
events. To give you some idea of 
how quickly things change these 
days, I can tell you that when I left 
in mid-November the two main 
news stories were the curious 
goings-on about arms for Iran, and 
the strange behaviour of the 
British government in the Austra- 
lia^ spy-book case. Robert Arm- 
strong, with all the rtServe for 
which the British civil servant is 
noted, had just had a tussle with a 
photographer at Heathrow. When 
I returned last Saturday the two 
main stories were about the 
curious Iranian arms goings-on 
and the strange behaviour of the 
British government in the Austra- 
lian spy-book case. 

Well as in my absence you have 
had no news, .only (fay-by-day 
developments in two soap operas, 

I fed I should bring you any news I 
have, managed to pick up on my 
travels. The three lead stories I 
have brought bade through cus- 
toms are: Bangkok may wefl be 
building an M25 made entirely 
out of water, the best cricket 
coverage in the Far East is in the 
China Daily from Peking, and the 
main cultural event this month in 
Rangoon is Peter Pan. 

The question of water in Bang- 
kok seemed quite important the 
day we arrived. There had been an 
enormous storm the night before, 
and all the main roads into the 
capital were under water. Many of 
the inhabitants live on ranaig 
anyway, so there was no panic, 
just a patient wait for the water to 
recede so that they could see 
which were roads and which were 
canals. But the river Chao Phaya, 
which flows through Bangkok 
carrying large dumps of greenery 
and swarms of boats smu g gling 
antiques from both sides of the 
river, is liable to flood at the best 
of times and there is a serious plan 
to build a river by-pass (Chao 
Phaya B) right round the dty. I 
have a Bangkok Post feature 
article on the subject, Without 
going into details, lean reveal that 
it the Sizewdl controversy 
looksmaH 

The only news I realfr needed 
out east was the result of the First 


< 


Test in Australia. If I have one 
criticism of the Guardian Daily in 
Rangoon, it is that it gives 
considerably more coverage to 
Burmese girls' volleyball than 
English cricket It has a point — 
Burmese girls' volleyball is a much 
faster, prettier game — but I feel it 
should at least give the Test result. 

Burma being a small country, I 
bumped into the editor of the 
Guardian Daily at Rangoon air- 
port, where he was saying farewell 
to a delegation of Chinese writers 
and journalists, and was able to 
ask him what the score was. He 
gave me the only inscrutable smil e 
I received in the Orient, and 
vanished. I later realized that I 
should have asked the Chinese 
writers, as the China Daily turns 
out to have the best sports 
coverage of any Communist paper 
I have met, as well as the most 
interesting letters about whether 
Chinese women should wear biki- 
nis while weight-lifting 
I also bumped into a young 
American from Unicef who is 
producing Peter Pan for the 
Rangoon expatriate community. 
He said he had not entirety solved 
the technical problems of getting 
people flying, but he was in touch 
with Buddhist monks who had an 
ancient technique for getting gold 
decorations to the top of pagodas 
on high wires. 

The next time I passed through 
Rangoon I was introduced to a 
British Council man who turned 
out to be starring as one of the 
lesser pirates (I told you Burma 
was a small place), and he hinted 
darkly to me that there had been 
one or two accidents in rehearsal 
connected with the flying. Obvi- 
°udy a wonderful story in the 
making here, but alas by the time 
merun opened I was on my way 
S on 8. The 

ooujj China Morning Post do- 

RiSw? space to the 

Hong Kong Brecht FestivaL 
Not a word about Peter Pan, 
fbe rest of the - paper was 
to coming of Christ- 
mas which, m a colony where the 
permanent governor is Mammon, 
“ore seriously than 
r”*'.* 0 point where shops 
EJJ® open on Christmas and 

Day-. I couidnTffnda 
in the Bangkok Post. 

^Si^.^ya-Andthereisno 

on returning to BiSSS 
SMmo..the GuarScm 

?sssr A,lakiiif ‘ - 


V s 


-J fi 




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m 

Vfri 


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THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-4 81 

AIDS and morals 


4100 





15 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Time to take up with Taiwan 

From Mr Leo Abse, MP fix 


Almost exactly twelve years 
ago, Sir Keith Joseph threw 
away his chance of leading the 
Tory Party when he delivered 
a speech advocating govern- 
ment measures to 
contraception more easily 
available to people trapped in 
a “cycle of deprivation*'. To 
read his sp eech today, in the 
light of the current discussion 
over how to combat Aids, is to 
.be made aware of how far 
^attitudes have changed in the 
intervening years. 

For the measures he sug- 
gested then are distinctly simi- 
lar to those which the 
Government has adopted in 
its campaign against Aids or 
which it is being urged to 
adopt by doctors and public 
health officials. These are that 
the general public should be 
made aware in the frankest 
possible terms that condoms 
Oder some protection against 
Aids; that advertising restric- 
tions upon condoms — on 
television, for instance - 
should be lifted; that in good 
time they should be distrib- 
uted free by the Government; 
and that meanwhile they 
should be widely available in 
shops and stores of all kinds. 

There is a sort of logic 
behind this. Aids is a virus 
transmitted by an exchange of 
bodilyfluids with an infectious 
person, most often thro ugh 
sexual intercourse. That is why 
the disease is spread very 
rapidly by sexual promiscuity 
which maximises the number 
of such exchanges. If we leave 
aside all moral considerations, 
two methods of limiting the 
spread of Aids are open to us. 
The first is the avoidance of 


sexual promiscuity — which 
means either chastity outside 
SB*™©* or fidelity within it 
1 he second is some form of 
protective condom which re- 
duces the risk of promiscuity — 
safe sex’* as it has come to be 
called. 

From a purely tre frnirat 
standpoint fidelity and chas- 
tity are by far the more reliable 
safeguards. In feet they offer 
100 per cent protection from 
infection via sexual inter- 
course. Safe sex is really no 
more than “safer sex” since 
condoms provide against 
infection only the (very 
considerable) protection they 
have always provided against 
pregnancy. Yet it is “safe sex” 
rather than sexual restraint 
which tpe Government has 
chosen to emphasise m its 
campaign. 

It is noteworthy that despite 
the lip-service paid to the 
importance of “frankness” in 
the fight against Aids, Min- 
isters from die Health Depart- 
ment have avoided frankness 
on this point Instead, they 
have offered the famous eu- 
phemism that people should 
try to stick to one sexual 
partner but that, “if that is not - 
possible”, they should be sure 
to use a condom. Other in- 
stitutions have followed this 
logic. The very title of the BBC 
Radio Two campaig n on Aids, 

“Play Safe”, is permissive in 
relation to sex, stern in its 
hygienic instruction to safety. 

The explanation of that 
phrase — “if that is not 
possible” — . is not hard to 
discover. Ministers, doubtless 
on the advice of their officials, 
take the existing amount of. 

WOMAN’S ESTATE 

^Whatever the incentives to work but without 
joining the married estate, 1 and families where die man 


sexual promiscuity as a given. 
They do not believe that moral 
exhortation or even promoting 
knowledge of the risks of 
promiscuity will have any 
effect on behaviour that is 
inspired by such powerful 
passions. And they may be 
partly right insofar as official 
statements and advertisments 
will probably be paid less heed 
than the outlook implicitly 
recommended by pop songs or 
television soap operas. But 
injunctions to “play safe” are 
just as liable to be disregarded 
for the same reasons — the 
more so i£ as seems a prudent 
assumption, people en- 
couraged to be morally lax are 
hardly likely to show great 
practical prudence. 

This was a point grasped 
twelve years ago by Sir Keith. 
In a notably honest passage, he 
argued that state provision of 
contraceptives was a short- 
term solution that might in 
some senses aggravate the 
long-term problem: 

“Yet proposals to extend 
birth control facilities to 

potential young unmarried 

mothers' evokes entirely 
understandable moral opposi- 
tion. Is it not condoning 
immorality? I suppose it is. 
But which is the lesser evil, 
until we are able to remoralise 
whole groups and classes of 
people, undoing the harm 
done when already weak re- 
straints on strong instincts are 
further . weakened by 
permissiveness?” 

Contraception is only part of 
society’s protection against 
Aids. It will achieve more if it 
is promoted in a context of 
moral restraint 


financial advantage is not one 
of them. The British tax 
system discriminates against 
married couples and famili es 
to a point where legi timizing a 
relationship and rearing chil- 
dren within wedlock have 
become financial liabilities of 
a high order. .. . 

Three groups suffer particu- 
larly from the vagariesL of the 
present tax system: married 
women with significant invest- 
ment income; married couples 
buying a house with a mort- 
gage of more than £30,000, 
who would qualify for tax 
relief on double that amount if 
they were unmarried; and 
married couples with children 
where the wife does not work 
. and so forfeits her own earned 
rfccome tax allowance. 

In the last case, such a 
situation might just be defen- 
sible if it applied also in 
reverse, but it does not. If the 
man stays at home to look 
after the children, the working 
wife may claim her husband's 
tax allowance in full. 

The only group to benefit 
from the present system com- 
prises married couples where 
both partners work. The man 
receives an allowance fifty per 
cent higher than the single 
person's allowance, while his 
wife continues to receive her 
single person's allowance. 

By rights, the present tax- 

t tion arrangements ought to 
ave set the entire social 
structure askew. Only tra- 
ditional social pressure, so it 
seems, has prevented us from 
becoming a nation of cohabit- 
ing couples with large mort- 


stays at home and his wife 
works, claiming both her own 
personal allowance and that of 
her husband. 

To minimize these 
contradictions within the con- 
fines of the present system of 
taxation and take account of 
the fed that Britain now has 
one of the highest percentages 
of working wives in Europe,'. 
the<jovenunent has proposed 
to make the tax allowances on " 
earned income equal as be- 
tween married men and 
women and transferable be- 
tween spouses. Under this 
system, outlined in a green 
paper published at the time of 
the. Budget last March, a 
spouse without earned income 
could transfer his or ha- 
allowance to the other. - 

The proposed changes have 
attracted strong and_ single- 
minded criticism from 
women’s groups and from the 
Equal Opportunities Commis- 
sion. They argue that the 
transferable allowance would 
encourage husbands to put 
pressure on their wives to stay 
at home; that by removing 
some married women from the 
workforce, it would disguise 
the true level of unemploy- 
ment; and that it would make 
it more difficult for a married 
woman to run her own finan- 
cial affairs independently. In 
other words, they regard it as a . 
setback for women's rights. 

These groups advocate in- 
stead a system where men and 
women are treated as individ- 
ual tax units regardless of their 
marital status. They would 
make each partner responsible ' 
for his or her own tax returns. 


married couples with 

BLOODSHED IN KARACHI 


and compensate those who 
. bear the financial burden of 
child-rearing (man or woman) 
by means of increased child 
allowances. 

Such a system has a super- 
ficial appeal. It would free 
married women from the sta- 
tus of chatty to their hus- 
bands so far as their tax affairs 
were concerped but at the .. 
cost of inflicting a financial . 
penalty on the woman who' 
prefers' to raise' children at 
home. Moreoever, m an age; 
when many couples choose 
not to marry, it would have the 
further appeal of making mar- 
ital status irrelevant so far as 
the fiscal functions of the state 
were concerned. The question 
is whether marital status 
should necessarily be irrele- 
vant 

The present arrangement 
whereby there are strong finan- 
cial disincenti ves to marriage 
is cleariy undesirable. How- 
ever, that is no argument for 
neutralizing the tax system 
entirely. At a time when the 
virtues of fidelity are bang 
expounded for sound medical 
and moral reasons which have 
implications fin- the health of 
succeeding generations, there 
is a compelling argument fen 
giving financial incentives to 
those who choose the married 
estate. If the proposed changes 
also offer women (and men) a 
real choice, between working 
or staying at home to look after 
children — a choice which is 
determined by personal in- 
clination rather than financial 
considerations — that is an 
additional benefit, and one 
which should not be cynically 
confused with mechanisms for 
reducing unemployment 


Torfaen (Labour) 

Sir, Your editonaJ (December 6) 
acknowledges the considerable 
changes taking place is China and 
Taiwan. It does not explore the 
need, now that the future of Hong 
Kong has been decided, for a fresh 
reappraisal of our relationship 
with Taiwan. 

Inhibited tip to now by our 
concern for the colony, we have 
elaborately distanced ourselves 
from Taipei, allowing mainland 
China to decide our policy for nx 
other European countries, al- 
though formally giving no recog- 
nition to Taiwan, nave not been so 
squeamish or, having less to lose, 
so pusillanimous. 

Now, as a rising young 
class merges into the increasingly 
pr o sperous and pluralist Taiwan 
society} the tbnist for indepen- 
dence is exp r es se d by most as a 
desire to be free of excessive 
dependence, in trade and political 
terms, upon the USA. 

Other European countries, sens- 
ing TarpeTs mood and keenly 
aware of the trade opportunities 
with this staggeringly successful 
island economy, are responding: 
we are not, and consequently we 
are throwing away both trade 
opportunities and the consid- 
erable diplomatic possibilities that 
our present continued dialogue 
with mainland China may afford. 

It is time to bring to an end our 
absurd affectation that Taiwan 
does not exist Our rigid inter- 
pretations of the niceties of non- 
diploma tic recognition have 
caused deep hurt Recently in 
Taipei the Prime Minister told me 
with bitterness how, before he 
became Prime Minister, as a 
banker visiting Britain he was 
denied access to the Governor of 
fee Bank of England. 

A catalogue of such unnecessary 
pinpricks was presented to me by 
Taiwan's Foreign Secretary, even 
as he was stressing his dearly 
gmuine desire to build bridges 
wife Britain and acknowledging 
Britain’s especial difficulties bo* 
cause of Hong Kong: ■ 

One helpful response from us 
could be made immediately. Our 
shadowy man in Taipei is retiring. 
The new man, looking after trade 
interests, should, tike the repre- 
sentatives of other European 
countries, be of much higher 
status *n d have dip- 

lomatic experience. 

It is to be hoped feat any advice 


being given to and received from 
fee Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry on fee new appoint- 
ment will be governed by guidance 
from our Foreign Secretary. 

Yours faithfully, 

LEO ABSE (Secretary, 

British Taiwan Parliamentary 
Group), 

House of Commons. 

December8. 

From the Reverend Dr H. D. Beeby 
Sir, Your Saturday editorial, 
“Two Chinas by default?” gave 

Son in Taiwan andfor^bhfone is 
grateful. Unfortunately, it also 
gave prominence to that confused 
concept, “two Chinas” 

Would fee model for this be 
then “the two Germanies" or “the 
two Korcas” or “Old England and 
New England”? More prob- 
lematic, and fir more significant is 
which of fee parties most con- 
cerned would be willing to accept 
it? Would Peking? Would fee 
Nationalists? And, fir more im- 
portant, would fee majority of the 
islanders, who think of themselves 
as Taiwanese, ever accept it? 

For these 17 million out of a 
total of 20 niilKnn China is 
another country from which their 
ancestors came long, long ago. It is 

not their country. Their country is 
Taiwan, a highly developed, pros- 
perous country, virtually cut off 
from China since 1895, when it 
became Japanese for 50 years. 

Of coarse they have linguistic 
racial and cultural links wife 
China, but “so what?” Many 
Am ericans have lin guistic, racial 
and cultural links wife Europe, 
but we don't speak of “two 
Europes”. 

For fee Taiwanese, to think of 
themselves as belonging to a 
second China because of their 
history is as imthinlrahle as 
suggesting feat fee Irish, who have 
historical, linguistic, racial and 
cultural links wife fee mainland, 
should opt for a “two Britains” 
policy. The Taiwanese have had 
enough of Asian colonialism of 
one form or another ami long for 
the world to araept a pohey of one 
China, one Taiwan. 

Yours faithfully, 

RD. BEEBY, 

c/o The Sefly Oak Colleges, 

Bristol Road South. 

Bir mingham, 

West Midlands. 

December 8. 


Labour and defence 

From Mr John Ambrose 
Sir; A very recent party political 
broadcast on behalf of the Labour 
Party sought to Denude us of 
Neil Kumocfc’s view feat defence 
money should be spent on surface 
ships at the expense of-Trident 
. .But then Neil Kinnock, as 
reported by Robin Oakley on 
December 4, tells fee .Americans 
feat a £60miHkm ship can be 
wiped out by a £250,000 missile 
from an obsolescent aeroplane, 
and this is bad finance. Is there a 
higher than usual degree of in- 
consistency here? 

Yours faithfully, 

JOHN AMBROSE, 

66 London Street, . 

Cbertsey, Surrey. 

Decembers. 

JFrom Professor D. Lasok, QC 
Sr, Labour’s defence policy strik- 
ingly resembles feat of an 1 8th 
century Polish Parliament When 
faced with military ascendancy of 
the neighbours it voted a reduc- 
tion of the Army to prove that; 
being fee largest continental coun- 
try, Poland was no threat to 
anyone and to give a good 
example to the others. 


By fee end of the century 
Poland was erased from the map* 
of Europe and never recovered. 
She lost her freedom and the 
esteem of fee world. - 
; The result was fee oppression Of 
generations of Poles who had to 
fight to preserve their national 
culture and identity. Generations 
had to take up arms in hopeless 
insurrections and foreign wars, 
earning nothing but condescend- 
ing compassion. During the last 
war six million Poles died, yet 
their voice was excluded from fee 
councils of peace and then- 
country’s interests were not seri- 
ously treated, even by their own 
allies. Thus fee blunder of one 
generation can do irrep ar able and 
lasting damage. 

’ . One does .not have to be a 
soothsayer to foretell fee con- 
sequences of Labour’s polity for 
Britain: and Europe. Alas, history 
teaches only those who are willing 
to learn. 

Yoon faithfully, 

D. LASOK, 

University of Exeter, 

Faculty of Law, 

Axnory Building, 

Rennes Drive. Exeter, Devon. 


Forty' more people died and 
nearly :>00 were injured in 
Karachi yesterday, raising the 
death toll to nearly 100 after 48 
hours of ethnic rioting (Some 
say the total is much higher). 
As troops struggled to re- 
purpose the rule of law upon 
embattled streets, appalling 


Nor is it entirely unex- 
plained. The violence erupted 
after government forces swept 
down upon the Pathan suburb ' 
of Sohiab Goth in a round-up 
of drugs and arms ra ck e t s. 
Reports suggest that fee Pa- 
t Hans then took revenge on 
their old enemy, in the belief 
that Mohajir sources had 


tales of cmeUy and atOTUon ^ ^ te ^ 

reached the outside world _Itis napea Pakistan is 

the serond wave of inter- j. A. 


the second wave 
common ual fighting wjthin 
two months in Pakistan and 
has been described as fee most 
serious since 1977 — when fee 
end result was fee overthrow 
of the late Mr Zuffikar Alt 
Bhutto and the estabhshment 
of military rule. Is Pakistan 
about to descend once more 

into an abyss? , . 

On fee face of it this seems 

unlikely. The present violence 
has erupted between Pagans 
and Mohajirs, two of fee tow 
main • ethnic groupings m 
^Pakistani’s main commercial 


quite as simple as it sounds. As 
the fires burned yesterday and 
bodies were pulled from fee 
rubble, opposition leaders 
were already attacking fee 
government of Prime Minister 
Mohammad Khan Junejo and: 
his mentor President 
Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq. 
Their most prominent oppo- 
nent, Miss Benazir Bhutto, has 
tried to place the blame on 
General Zia -still chief of fee 
army staff- for his failure to 

call fresh elections. 

The logic of that seems 
escapable. But fee nots are 


centre, there is a long history ^ news for Zia and 

of violence between the r*- jnneio at a time of uncertain 
thans and fee Mohajirs — ^la^ons with Delhi. Last 
Muslims who flocked oyer me ^ inter-communal strife 

border from India following p^tan led to accusations 
partition nearly 40 yearn ago- «. involvement - wife 
So fee phenomenon is naroty reoorts D f the arrest of a 

unprecedented- although Ka- ^ber of Indian agents m the 

rachi has never seen anything The latest trouble has 

cm ouite this scale. 


erupted when India's army is 
en^ged on a series of exercises 
uncomfortably dose to the 
Pakistan border and at a time 
when its generals are 
rumoured to be feeling trigger 
happy. The reason for this is 
that Delhi suspects Pakistan of 
stirring up trouble in the 
Punjab and harbouring 
secessionist Sikhs. 

It is already a year since the 
summit between Zia and 
India's Rsyiv Gandhi, at which 
it was hoped they might lay fee 
foundations for a more stable 
relationship. As many as 15 
years have now passed since 
the Indo-Pakistan war which 
resulted in victory for Delhi 
and fee establishment of an 
independent Bangladesh. 
Nonetheless, fee governments 
stilL eye each other uneasily 
across fee frontier. 

Domestic divisions in both 
countries are among fee ob- 
stacles which stand in fee way 
of a more stable relationship. 
Thus a police raid can cause a 
riot which can .become politi- 
cal which can lead to sus- 
picions of foreign 
involvement For this reason 
alone, the bloodshed in Ka- 
rachi could have consequences 
far greater than were dreamed 
of by those who'caused it 


Food mountains 

From the Secretary and Deputy 
Chairman of the Agricultural arid 
Food Research Councl 
Sir, The fourth article of your five- 
part series about agricultural sur- 
pluses (“Moving mountains'’ — 
November 24-28) mis-states the 
role of research. When increased 
UK agricultural production was 
the priority, research contributed 
to' thi*, as did the initiative and 
vision of British farmers. 

But the Agricultural and Food* 
Research Council no longer gives 
priority to research geared simply 
to mcnasmg production. Consis- 
tent levels of output are a current 
aim. The battle against pests and 
diseases does not end. The safety 
and quality of our food supply, 
protection of the environment, the 
improvement of animal welfare 
and the problems of taking land 
out of agricultural production, are 
also of current concern. 

The wheat variety Rendezvous, 
chosen to illustrate your article, is 
valuable in its unique ability to 
resist the eyespot fungus by inbuilt 
resistance without using external 


fungicides and notable for the gene 
transfer which brought this about 

Agricultural over-production is 
not a consequence or research but 
of the economic framework within 
which the industry operates. The 
soils and climate of Britain are 
among the best in fee world for 
food production. This source of 
economic strength requires re- 
search and development to be 
useful in changing economic 
circumstances. 

Agricultural research indudes 
not only the Ufa sci en ces, but also 
chemistry, physics and engineer- 
ing. It contributes an important 
part of the science base on which 
fee agrochemical, agricultural en- 
gineering, food, and the newly 
emerging biotechnology industries 
depend for their future. It should 
continue to command support 
from Government and industry 
sources. 

Yours faithfully, 

JOHN L. JINKS, 

Secretary and Deputy Chairman, 
Agricultural and Food Research 
Council, 

160 Great Portland Street, Wl. 
December 11. 



Central control 
in the Church 

From the Reverend R. T. Beckwith 
Sir, Whether fee Bishop of. Bir- 
mingham is realty calling for the 
Archbishop of Canterbury to be 
given a universal jurisdiction like 
feat of the Pope (Clifford Longley, 
December 8) I do not know. What 
is clear, however, is feat this 
would be quite inadequate to meet 
the present situation in the An- 
glican Communion and its mem- 
ber churches. 

The Anglican Communion and 
its churches have hitherto been 
held together by agreement: agree- 
ment on doctrine, agreement on 
morals, agreement on worship, 
and agreement on church order. If 
liberalism succeeded in dissolving 
this agreement, no wielding of a 
jurisdictional stick could keep 
Anghcans united. 

The chief responsibility for 
maintaining ftiic agreement rests 
with the bishops. Yet it is from a 
bishop that we have recently been 
hearing attacks on doctrines of fee 
creeds, and it is bishops who have 
refused to maintain Christian 
morality in matters like the 
ordination of practising homosex- 
uals. 

As to agreement on worship, fee 
clerical campaign for the abandon- 
ment of the Book af Common 
Prayer has almost destroyed it 
And as to agreement on church 
order, the ordination of women as 
priests by four Anglican provinces 
and the declared intention to go 
on and ordain women bishops 
there (despite the inability of fee 
other provinces even to accept 
women priests) bid fair to put the 
Anglican Communion out of 
communion wife itself 
In this disintegrating situation, 
fee Bishop of London is not 
promoting division but is standing 
for moderation and sanity. It is 
a/i tw itt pH that he has broken no 
rule, only a convention. He has 
indeed resisted fee wishes of fee 
episcopate on both sides of fee 
Atlantia But by doing this he has 
demonstrated- two important 
truths. 

First, that it is still possible to be 
both orthodox and Anglican. And 
secondly, that if the intolerance of 
liberalism drives loyal Anglicans 
out of fee local Anglican church, it 
does not thereby drive them out of 
the Anglican Communion, since 
there snll are Anglicans to whom 
they can look for support, and 
Anglican bishops ready to afford 
them pastoral care. 

Yours faithfully, 

R. T. BECKWITH, Warden, 
Latimer House, 

131 Banbury Road, 

Oxford. 

December 8. 

From Mr Cosmo Russell 
Sir, To a regular Anglican commu- 
nicant over 60 years, 8 o’clock 
Sunday and 1662 version pre- 
ferred, Dr Montefiore and Mr 
Longley evoke surprise. They will 
recognize feat at fee level of the 
sacraments — the only real level — 
there is no problem. Therein lies 
the authority needed: Jesus Christ. 

On the other hand, to treat 
papal authority as theologically 
unsound ( vide Mr Longley) wifi 
raise a laugh, among Roman 
Catholics lor whom papal 
authority, wife occasional histori- 
cal variations, has been a constant 
factor since St Peter. 

If Dr Montefiore and Mr Long- 
ley would leave their fears of 
Anglican disintegration at epis- 
copal level at fee top and help 
instead to buOd fee Church of 
England from fee bottom — feat is 
to say the altar rail at the 
Communion — they will find a 
sure foundation. 

Yours faithfully, 

COSMO RUSSELL, 
as from Parapet House, 

Lenham, Kent- 
Deoember'8. 


Love of justice 

From the Reverend Leo Maidlow- 
Davis, OSB 

Sir, Dilexi justitiam et odi 
iniquaatem , propterea manor in 
exsilio. These words of Pope 
Gregory VII, which Peter Wright 
has applied to his own condition 
(Spectrum, December 8), are 
themselves a fritter reworking of 
Psalm 44,7. When property trans- 
lated Pope Gregory^ words read, 
“I have loved justice and hated 
iniquity, therefore l die in exile”. 

This desperate assertion affords 
us a deeper and a sadder insight 
into Peter Wright’s state of mind 
than would fee mere observation 
that he is living in exile. 

Yours faithfully, 

LEO MAIDLO W-DA VK, 
Downside Abbey, 

Stratton on fee Fosse, 

Bath. Avon. 

December 8. 


DECEMBER 16 1856 
[ Dr David Livingstone (1813-1873) 

had returned onfy four days 

of the map of Central Africa. Onfy 
scraps of news filtered back. 
Livingstone opened ha address to 
i the Royal Geographical Society, 
which presented him with its gold 
medal for his discoveries, by 
excusing any imperfections in his 
language on the ground that he 

had spoken very utile English for 
the past 16 years. The final eon 
his name was added later in his 
life 


DR. LIVINGSTON’S 
AFRI CAN DISCOVER IES. 

The PRESIDENT [Sir Roder- 
ick Murchison], in opening the 

proceedings, said they were met to 
welcome Dr. Livingston on his 
return from Sooth Africa to his 
native country after an absence of 
16 years, during which, while 
endeavouring to spread the bless- 
ings of Christianity, through 
never before trodden by the foot of 

a British subject, he had made 

geographical dis coveries of invalu- 
able importance, which had justly 
won for him the Victoria or 
Patron’s gold medal of that society. 
(Cheers). When that honour was 
conferred in May, 1856, for tra- 
versing South Africa from the Cape 
of Good Hope by fee Lake Nganri 
to Linyacti. and thence to the west 

coast in 10 SJaL. Lord EDesmere, 
their then president, spoke of the 
scientific precision wife which the 
unarmed and unassisted English 
missionary had left hia mark on so 

mmry im p o rtan t gfaitinww of rpg for rff 

hitherto blank. (Hear, hear.) If for 
that wonderful journey Dr. Living- 
ston was justly recompensed with 
fee highest distinction their soci- 
ety could bestow, what must now 
be their estimate of his prowess 
when they knew that he had 
retravened the vast regions which 
he first opened out to their 
knowledge; nay, more, that after 
reaching Ids old starting point at 
Linyanti, in tiw interior, he had 
followed the Zambesi, or con ti nna- 
tion of the Leambye river, to its 
mouths on the shores of fee Indian 
fWnn punting thmngh Hia East- 
ern Portuguese settlement of Tete, 
and co mpleting w n t w i 
journey across South Africa? In 
short, it had been calculated that 
putting together all his various 
journeys, Dr. Livingston had not 
travelled over less than 11,000 
miles of African territory . . . 

Dr. LIVINGSTON was received 
wife modi cheering. He said . . 
As a Christian misrioimry I only 
did my dnty in attempting to open 
up part of southern inter-tropical 
Africa to the sympathy of Chris- 
tendom, and I am very much 
gratified by finding in the interest 
which you and many others ex- 
press a pledge that the true negro 
famity, whose country I traversed, 
will yet become a port of the 
general community of nations. 
(Cheers.) Hw Engfiah people and 
Government have done more for 
Central Africa than any other in 
the way of supposing that traffic 
which proves a blight to both 
c om merce and friendly inter- 
course. (Cheers.) May I hope that 
the path which I have ktety opened 
into the interior will never be shut, 
and that, in addition to repression 
of the slave trade, there will be 
fresh efforts made for the develop- 
ment of the internal resources of 
the country. (Hear, hear.) . . . 

Dr. LIVINGSTON, being called 
upon by dre President said 
that... the natives belonged to 
fee true negro fandty, haring a 
good deal of very woolly hair, and 
being darker than the Bechuanas. 
They held their women in high 
es timatio n and many of them 
became chiefs. If a man were asked 
to go anywhere or to agree to any 
arrangement he said, “I must go 
home and ask my wife.” If she said, 
“No”, there was no possibility of 
getting him to move. Women sat in 
their councils, and while a Bechn- 
ana swore by his father 
negroes swore by their mother .. . 
Tim country in most parts 
abounded with elephants, buffa- 
loes, zebras, giraffes, and other 


game, and be had shot three new 
antelopes not yet known in Eng- 
land. He had found it unnecessary 
to burden hnnself with provisions 
in travelling; for flu* animals Awl 
not seem to know a gun, and would 
stand within bow shot of his 
weapon. In the interior the people 
were very kind to him, but he could 
not say they im p roved as he 
approached the iwnfinw of 
civilization - - 


Steel price stability 

From the Chairman of the British 
Steel Corporation 
Six; I would make a number of 
interrelated points in response to 
Mr James CampbdTs letter 
(November 28), which in effect 
alleged that British Steel's much 
improved financial situation is 
achieved at the expraise of con- 
sumers on the strength of steers 
operating in a controlled market, 
which our customers do not 

First, whilst UK manufacturing 
prices generally and steel-using 
industries’ prices specifical ly have 
risen broadly inline wife inflation 
since fee late seventies, BSC home 
prices have risen by about half 

that 

Secondly, whilst BSC prices 
have risen by around 20 per cent 
over these years, our material 
input costs have risen by more 
than twice that amount implying a 
severe price/cost squeeze. More- 
over, the impact on our activity 


levels of a heavy fall in UK steel 
consumption (25 per cent during 
the period) has greatly increased 
thiV 

The corporation's response to 
this acute chaHenge has been to 
carry out a restructuring pro- 
gramme on a scale and at a speed 
which I doubt many other in- 
dustries have ever equalled. The 
social cost of feus achieving 
international competitiveness has 
been very heavy. 

The market support measures 
operated by the European 
Community authorities have been 
designed to buttress fee restructur- 
ing effort ofECSC steel producers 
by restricting output from fee 
excess capacity brought about as a 
result of the recession while it is 
being progressively eliminated. 

The associated limited mea- 
sures to achieve voluntary re- 
straint of imports were introduced 
to prevent non-Community 
producers taking unreasonable 


advantage of the restrictions 
under which ECSC producers are 
operating. Nevertheless, steel im- 
ports are currently supplying 
about one third ofthe UK market 
This scene is far from that 
depicted by your correspondent 
Community steel producers 
anticipate a continuing price/cost 
squeeze. British Steel is a business 
embracing a wide range of very 
varied product markets with a 
total turnover in excess of £3b3- 
bon; it is not a uniform bureau- 
cracy. Accordingly there are 
certainty specific product sectors 
where prices have been experienc- 
ing especially severe pressure and 
where some* increases from 
present levels are likely. But 
overall BSC is indeed looking for 
price stability in the period ahead. 
Yours faithfully, 

R. SCHOLEY, Chairman, 

British Steel Corporation, 

9 Albert Embankment, SEL 
December 4. 


One for the pot 

From Dr Martyn H. Butterworth 
Sir, I was pleased to real that help 
is at hand for the i gnann (feature, 
December 8). Whilst travelling in 
Latin America I have eaten and 
enjoyed iguana and their pg re 
alligator t ail , capybara, tortoise 
and rattlesnake. 

Yours faithf ully, 

MARTYN H. BUTTERWORTH, 
(Consultant in Tropical Animal 
Production) 

2 Curzon JFTace, 

Lymmgton, Hampshire. 

December 8. 

Saying it in style 

From the Reverend Canon F. G. 
Kerr-Dineen 

St, What is wrong wife fee old 
form of address: “Dear Sir or 
Madam”? I have just had “Dear 
British Gas Customer”, and this 
morning, from a worthy charity, 
“Dear Busy Minister”. 

You will know. Sir. feat I am 
old, and therefore old-fashioned, 
but 1 am cheered by the fact feat 
fee DHSS is paying my pension 
always writes: 

“Dear Sir or Madam”. 

Yours truly, 

F- G. KERR-DINEEN, 

The Rectory, 

Stopham. 

Nr Pulborough, Sussex. 
December!. 



THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


Edited by Matthew May 


COMPUTER HORIZONS/1 


A Worm moves 
in with records 


Health groups in data watch 


Mm 






Hertfordshire Pcdice 
photographic images i 


There is a WORM in the 
Government’s Public Record ™ 

Office - and it isn’t the type traditional stwage m- 
that likes to read books. In this . An ppbcal disk sj^rm 
case, the WORM is a “Write w 9 rki ? .*» .s*™® 

Once Read Many" optical pnnciples as the current crop 

computer storage device help- 
ing the Public Record Office sy ? em ^r 


to £££*%** ?!? ha lL^ a t d 

systems into the 20th centnry. te 1 ?«E2*& od 


Tf"*f "f j | f Iv ■ Local and health authorities 

*■ VWi are to be among the first groups to 

come under the scrutiny of the 
Data Protection Registrar, Eric 
'T;- i Howe, as be begins to chase first 
any large data users who have not 
$5 registered. 

JJr.--." “I have some sympathy for 
", very small data users”, said Mr 
Howe, who may not have access 
j to the professional advice that 

hf'.s ' larger organizations enjoy”. 

* x . ’s'-T Finance houses and direct 

. . ,*;■£' ■ marketing are the other two 
' ^ areas for the first investigation. 

Wm-j'-i From November 1987, 

individuals will have the right to 
have a cc^ry of any personal 

ed the storing of colour information about them held <m 
ed criminals by optical disk SffiSS£3aS8S32-. 
UBJ from individuals. 

^twright Iq the holiday spirit 

■ The holiday spirit was modm 
« Jfa” 6 ** erid^atDjtesDevdopausrtlast 
traditional storage media. week after a Florida contractor 
An optical disk system withdraw* 5254,000 pn>dorf liability 
works on much the same igwmt a ga ma e«ditng a 
principles as the current crop year- long dispute over whether 
of Compact Disc (CD) music software companies are 
systems — except that CDs can respons&te for erro rs made by people 
only play back information nsing tbefr progrania. The 
from the comoact disc, and contractor, James Cummings, 


business program had failed properly 

to incorporate a $254,000 entry for 
general expenses into a construction 
bid. 

Mr Cummings won die bid wtt 
lost money tm me deaL Lotus 
countered that it was not 

responsible for what ft said was an 
Kixpoienced oser’s error dud 
co old bare beat antfded by reading 


screen options, but with the 
option of printing it all out on special 
sheets to put in a leather binder, 
also provided, tt includes word- 
processing facilities , a “self- 
sorttng” address book and mafl 
merge, so that addresses can be 
automatical used for maflshots. 
.Further information on 01-922 
8821. 


rcOMPUTER i 
L BRIEFING 


Terms for Saperbrain 


draft terms to sell India their latest 


*olice pioneered tbe_ storing of colour 
ages ©f convicted criminals by optical disk 
technology 

By Geof Wheelwright 

1RM in the tested until optical systems 


The system was introduced 
to the PRO this month as 
computer manufacturer Data 
Genoa] — which supplied the 


the instruction manual. “We 

intended to fight this all the way aad 

never settle,” said Henry Gutman 
of the law firm that represented 
Lotus. 

Computerized filofax 

■ While so-called “personal 
organizers” have been available on 
computer for some time - 
providing an on-screen address 
book, efiary, or note-taker- this 
year has seen the advent of the 
computerized “fitofax" type. 

With an eye dearly on 
upmarket Christmas presents, there 
is one now avaflabie for PC 
owners for the relatively modest 
price of £100. Like computerized 
organizers It provides all the on- 


3HS3T.. IpsS 

over the next decade. 

Se’KrfteftffiT"" Reviving Bach 


c ogo neretal terms before delivery, 
for wbfch no date has been set, the 

sources said. 

£50m fibre network 

■ British Telecom has begun 
installing a £50 mtilfon optical fibre 

network to link major business 
subscribers to local telephone 
exchanges in the City of London. 
The first of Its kind, ft wDI enable 
customers to send aif their digital 
communication services - vows, 
data, telex, fax. video and private 
circuits —through a single glassfibre 
pipeffne- More man 60.000 km of 
optical fibre wDI be installed in the 
next 12 months - abnost enough 
to go round the world twice. The 
programme will extend the use of 
optical fibre in the local telephone 
network to the rest of the country 
over the next decade. 


ff * 

m 


■i If 
i it •; 

i!il 

m 

't&r 1 


• * 7 




q designed a britffont com- 
puter system - ma “ e 
500 of my colleagues 

redundant 1 

Mr Sirkin said: "The . 


about bringing j? f 

vou can ask him to harmonize a ^ 


vou can asx ram ro 

melody written long after his death- 

The computer ■ « i an exerose in 


high technology to a country astride 
western Europe. India wants die 
cndd-miHioo dollar Gray coaqnrter, 
with a 32- megabyte memory, said 
to be one of the fastest in the world, 
but tjn» United Stales demanded 
strong safeguards to prevent the 


as the supercomputers to the Eas 
block. The two sides stffl have to 
negotiate the specific model and 


■ Researchers at the 
University of Illinois have bu&t a 
computer capable of being 
programmed to compose musk: in 
the style of Johann Sebastian 
Bach. Cr eat ors David Siritin and 
Larry RandeO claim their machine 
can be fed any time and come up 
with the harmonics Bach would 
have composed around it replete 
with variations. 


artificial intelligence, finding out what 
a machine can learn, sani ™ 

Rendell. What you d like to do « 
create a computer program mat 
can learn anything, from music to 
medicine, to games. That s traa 
real goal: machine teaming, artificial 
intelligence. But the composer- 
computer is not about to start writing 
Bach originals. The researchers 
said it was highly unlikely that any 
computer could ever approach 
composer's genius. 


offer no way of recording. 

Hie information, in this 
case music, on a Compact 
Disc is transformed into 


system - announced' its con- music when a tiny, pm-bole I 
♦!,«. CnwnimMt m laser beam is shone over the 


tract with the Government to 
run a pilot project to assess the 


surface of the CD as it spins 


records on optical disk. ,™ surfoce of the CD is 

The government depart- SSS?? 

ment which, in addition to — each of winch represents a 

general public record-keeping, 

laser beam is reflected off this 


is charged with keeping every- 
thing from modern cabinet 


documents to historic tomes pitted surface tdb ^ 
such as the Magna Carta, has what smnds to trander to the 


oXST^iSSierf nth^ifier and^jeakers^^ 
storing the equivalent of On anopttcai disk 
•J rKh Ad. _ i users need to be able to not 


storing the equivalant oi 
250,000 typed A4 pages — l 
Gigabyte — to be exact 

The installation of this op- 
tical disk unit should enable 
the PRO to colled around 


only read information in this 
manner — but also place new 
information on the optical 

riiqlr 

Each time information is 


2,000 magnetic data tapes written onto the disc, an area 
from various government ^ physically burned and once 


departments to put on the 
sytem. 

Optical storage is particu- 
larly attractive because of its 
high capacity and claime d 
greater longevity. 

Data General, for example, 
suggest that optical disks in 
large systems have a life of 
about 10 years. This claim, 
however, cannot be folly 


made there is no way of 
removing it — hence the name 
Write Once Read Many. 

Control Data has been mov- 
ing to try and establish some 
standards in the WORM mar- 
ket and a few weeks ago 
announced equipment that 
would allow a WORM system 
to be connected to IBM’s 
personal computer. 



Fast change forces IT courses 
to take a commercial break 


Alan Fox, chief executive of the IT Institute at CranfieM 


INFORMATION SYSTEMS 

INTERNATIONAL PETROLEUM INDUSTRY 


As a resalt of the tong- 
standing shortage of people 
with information technology 
sBBs, dm winds of change are 
starting to Mow through IT 
education and training. 

The high cost of providing 
IT courses, coupled with the 
need to keep op with the rapid 
pace of technological devd^p- 
ments, have forced universities 
and technical colleges to be 
much more comnwciaBy- 
minded. 

Most in the field are now 
actively haring to seek 
collaborative ventures with 
commerce and industry in IT, 
either to obtain sponsorship 
for courses, or to undertake 
joint development projects. 

Next year will see a further 
ev olntionar y step fa university 
and in dustry coBabaratioo 
when the IT Institute, toe fost 
indnstry-ftmded higher ednea- 
Knimf gffw frfMuHfltrf for ftarn- 
ing and research hi IT, opens 
its doors in Mflton Keynes, 

The new establishment, 
which, advocates argue, could 
be a blueprint for technologi- 
cal universities and colleges of 
die future, is being set tip by 


EDUCATION 


based on the world’s latest IT form 


synergistic 


By Frank Brown 


resources. 

“This user-oriented ap- 
proach to IT education is 


system. 

Graduate and post-graduate 
courses will be offered. Teacfa- 


Oaufieid InstitoteoTTedmcd- 
ogy, in cuOaboandMUi with 
some 30 British and American 
firms, which have collectively 
lire ^ l p t l mare *h»n £3 MritWhwi 
in the new venture. 

They include major IT asm 
such as British Gas, British 
Aerospace and British Petro- 
leum, as weO as major IT 
suppliers sadz as IBM, DEC, 
British Telecom, Hewlett- 
Packard, Tmnftg > Intel and 
Rank Xerox. 

The new establishment win 
be run as a self-supporting 
commercial company Esther 

than on normal academic 

fines. It has a chkf executive. 
Instead of a vice-chanorilnr, 
and a supervisory board upon 
which many of the sponsor 
companies axe represented. 

That board will have direct 
control of tire Institute’s activ- 
ities, to ensure that courses 
and research are geared to 
in dustr y’ s requirements, and 


ABiHifiai if tire long-standing ing activities are expected to 
shortage of people with IT grew over a five-year period to 


skffls is to tie overcome”, some 200 post-graduate pro- 
commented Dr Allan Fox, the grammes and more than 4,000 


institute's chief executive. short course places for persoiK 


“TT education ««d training in od in industry, co mme rce and 
the UK has generally coo- government. 


(wrfpitwl on the re q uir e m ents Research activities^ 


of IT suppliers. The skills that cover high growth- applica tion 
are m short supply, however, areas soch as networking, 


are not so much those for mfcrodec tro nics, software en» 
iio dgnin g computers, bat for gineering, and art ificial intelli- 


applying f wn p n tirg tech- grace, and will be carrie d out 
niqnes to applications which on a joint- venture basis with 


users want to computerize.” 

“The dearth of people with 
IT skills will never be over- 
come by teaching people cran- 
puter technology. They most 
also learn how to apply it, how 
to ^wnpiitwiff bnriness - 
in d ustria l and scientific pro- 
cesses - cost-effectively. 

*Ti! other words, they must 
learn how to analyse and 
interp ret Intended applica- 
tions in campating terms, so 
that every application process 
or procedure is computerized 
in the most appropriate way to 


sponsoring companies am] 
international research 
ins ti tu tions. 

Dr Fox believes the 
commercial structure, finan- 
cial independence and inter- 
national character of the IT 
Institute will enable it to keep 
9 with the latest develop- 
ments in IT worldwide. 

“Modern high-tech educa- 
tion is highly capital-inten- 
sive. Oar financial 
independence will enable us to 
have the latest equipment 


Events 


SALADIN COMPUTER SYSTEMS develops information and decision support systems 
for tiie international petroleum industry and in particular for oil trading operations. 


lVficros m Design, Design 


Power PCs take over 


With the continuing structural changes in the petroleum sector, SALADIN 1 s operations 
are expanding rapidly and a number of exceptional people are needed for European and 
Middle East activities 


Centre, Haymarket, London 
SW1, until December 19,1 
(01-639 8000) 


Business Analyst (London) - To support product marketing, end user liaison, 
petroleum data analysis and soft w a re design. 

Data Analyst (London) - To research petroleum industry data, client data requirements 
and software design and support 

Project Manager (Middle East) « To manage a prestigious client assignment for a 
minim um of one year. 


■ High Technology in 
Education, Barbican,, 
London, January 21-24, 
(01-608 1161) 


■ Videotex User Show, 
Barbican, London, January 
28-60,(01-6081161) 


If you have the experience, enthusiasm and self motivation required to work in 
SALAD IN's challenging and dynamic environment the rewards could be outstanding. 


■ Dexpo Europe, Olympia 
2, London, March 3-6, (01- 
486 1951) 


Write with C.V. to: The Managing Director 
Saladin Computer Systems LtcL, 

C/O Box C68, The Times 


■ Computers in Retaifing, 
National Exhibition Centre,! 
Birmingham, March 11-13 


■ Cadcam 87, Metropole 
Hotel, NEC, Birmingham, 
March 24-26, (01-608 1161) 1 


The announcement by 
Microsoft of the latest version 
of its operating system, MS- 
DOS-4.0, in September has 
managed to steer dear of the 
one question that many seri- 
ous PC users should be asking 
themselves — what is going to 
happen in the future. 

The Intel range of chips 
used to power these comput- 
ers carry with them a fun- 
damental discontinuity in the 
nice, orderly linear pro- 
gression of an upgrade path 
that most computer users 
yearn for. 

The PC family started out 
being powered by the 
8088/8086 family of proces- 
sors, and one or other of these 


every compatible system as 
wdL 

With such a market, it was 
obvious that the software 
Industry would follow this 
trend, and both Microsoft, 
with MS-DOS, and the many 
producers of applications soft- 
ware, have grown fat on the 
strength of it. 


processors represents a 
considerable waste of comput- 


ing resources. 

If MS-DOS cannot take 


'SOFTWARE. 


By Martin Banks 


With the arrival of the 
PC/AT however, things have 
started to change. The AT uses 
the Intel 80286 processor, 
better, foster and with some 
interesting facilities. Most 


could be found at the hean of significant among these is the 
— ■ - m ability to run in what is called 


w 








the Protect mode, which al- 
lows the processor to 
sectionalize the computer’s 
memory. 

About a year ago, Intel 
announced the development 
of the next member of this 


processor family, the 80386 — 
faster and more powerful than 
the 80286, and makes the PCs 
and XTs look positive 
sluggards. 


PROJECT MANAGERS! CITY £★*★*+ + CAR 

CONSULTANTS INTERNATIONAL & BANKING BENEFITS 

BANKING PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT 

October 27th 1986. signalled the most radical changes the City of London has ever witnessed. Already It 
is realised that systems a re going to need axttinual development wefl Into 1987 and beyond To cater for 
this work, several Project Managers Consultants aid Business Analysts are desperately required by a 
number of Intemational/Merchant Banks. They wffl probably provide the most Important function to both 
non technical, but demanding users and to pure D.P 'technocrats'. Ideally. cancSdates wfl/ be wed educated 
possess excellent Gorrmuinkations skills, both written and oral, and be able to liaise with very senior 
managers. A blend of technical and apphcaitionskncwtedee tea pre-requisite, as the 'donning' of two hats 
wffl be pat and parcel of the work Most sought after application areas are: 5ECU RIDES. GIUS & EOU HIES. 
EUROBONDS. FOREX. MONEY MARKETS and PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT. Such 
experience is hard to find and thus remuneration will be excellent with basic salaries totally open ended 
ana carry superb perks such as cars, mortgage subslcfles. bonuses and profit share REF: TR 14761 


VOICE COMMS 


MARKET DATA ANALYST LONDON £NEG 

VOICE COMMS ANALYST 

A top global Investment bank wishes toffll mo positions wMrin as Communicatio n s Sendees department. The 
Market Dssa Services Analyst shaS be responsible for the successful performance erf systems such as Reuters. 
Rich. Ueterafe etc. This wffl indude ensuring standards are adhered to a fufl awareness of system enhancements 
and new products and prevision of useis' requirements. The VbteQmmunicatiaiis Analyst shall ideally have 
an oceflem knowledge erf invesrment banking PHX. dealer board systems and the "Hoot 'n Hofier" Open 
trading network. However candidates lacking thfc precise experience but horn an Information Services 


advantage of this, however, it 
also means that the applica- 
tions packages users have all 
grown to know and love 
cannot make use of it either. 
Users, therefore, are likely to, 
be faring a problem over th£» 
■ coming couple of years. 

They will have applications 
and, more importantly, valu- 
able data, that runs in an 
operating environment that is 
increasingly obsolete. 

To make any real use of the 
power of even the existing 
80286 processor means a 
change of operating system 
that can work with the Protect 
mode and larger memory 
space, a change that Microsoft 
is expected to introduce with 
the next major revision ofMS- 
DOS, Version 5. 

To gain any advantage from 
this new system, the users will 
need to invest in new versions 
of their applications packages, 
many of which are now being 
re-modelled to fit the ne>$ 
environment 

For many users, the upgrade 


In addition, it also incor- will be most welcome, for the 
porates an enhanced version limitations of MS-DOS are 


of the Protect mode. This 
gives it the ability to have 


now being reached. The basic 
operating system has the 


Provider wig also be genuinely considered. Both of these positions require eeeHent presentation and 
communication skiBs and a degree education, though not essential would be an advarttageJJER TC 15133 


several applications running increasingly irritating limit of 

In own “ v >T lual 640K bytes of memory, and a 

computer^ on one machine. ' - 


communication skiBs and a degree education, though not essential 

SALES 


yuTJ 11 . 0 ! 6111 ^ 1 ^ growing number of current 
The ability to lave different applications programs de- 


ICL ANALYST/ CITY OF LONDON TO £18.000 

PROGRAMMERS -I- FULL TRAINING 

MONEY BROKERS + EX. PROSPECTS 

Following recent dev e lopments, this Money Broking subsidiary of an Internationally renowned Holdings 
company are currently seeking several specialists in the ICL field, to embark on some of the most varied 
and exciting protects developing In the Money Markets today. Applicants will be Involved from initial 
conception through \0 Anal implementation In applications areas, which indude Brokerage Thsnsactions 
Covering GILTS. FOREX and SECURITIES. In Order to apply for these highly demanding posts, you should 
have at least 2 years Coboi experience on either ICL ME29 or TANDEM with ODS TPMS IDMSIX) and PU. 
being a cfistinct advantage. The selected individuals wiO enjoy varied opportunities, an excellent salary and 
real career progression. REF: TT 14956 


SALES EXECS 
NETWORK SOLUTIONS 


LONDON BASED 


As one ofthemafor IBM recommended dcaletsspedaHsing in networidnj 
Company's reputation is now generating substantial repeat and referral 


UNLIMITED EARNINGS 
REALISTIC £34.000 OTE 
EXECUTIVE CAR 


Consequently they are 


users running different 
applications on the same ma- 
chine also has its attractions. 

These things are possible on 
PCs now, but it is arguable 
that none of them are done 


mand that a system has this 
maximum available in order 
to work. 

The appearance of MS-DOS 
Version 5 should impose 
some standardization on 


ANALYSTS/ CITY OF LONDON TO 15.000 

PROGRAMMERS + CHEAP HOLS, 

ICL WORLDWIDE 

require young ICL p rofe ss io nals to utUise thee- analyJ^amd^e^pment^dls In a wide variety of 
commercial applications l«KhKfir« TVavet/Uetsure related areas Vbu need at least l yeaisCobol programming 
experience on ICL VME in aider to qualify. Personality and apOtudeare also of the utmost importance.^ This 
company are now part of one of the largest internationally renowned Tour Operators, so can offer the 
successful candidates full concessionary rates on worldwide travel, as well as a good salary, profit bonus, 
free lunches and long term career development opportunities. REF: TK 1 4960 


CITY OF LONDON 


building on their existing experience in networked miax^based hardware sikT wM be capable of quickly 
generatmga high level of new business. Their dient companies are Impressive and indude many national 
names. The fughadrioerseamt in excess of £70.000 last year. With an unusually high ratio of sales to 
support thfe approach enables the sales team to concentrate on the commercial issues. D em o n strat i on 
and technlea! implementation. Including bespoke, are the responsibffity of theretewnt support jjersaimeL 
This is a superb opportunity to lo/n an eaabRshed company who have gained nationwide credntRqr In the 
total solutions sales arena. Excellent company benefits indude Wgh earnings incentives and choice of 
executive car. REF: TJ 14680 


grticulariy welL Us ing MS- working with larger memory 

capacities, as wcU as mult? 
Mfi?* to ^ 3 Practical tasking and multi-user work- 

£ ta A 4.0, SkSS “d^°“' d 


s S?W’5?SjSS S2KJSSEK2 

mode of the newer Intel for future developments. 


PROGRAMMERS TO CITY TO £25000 

PROJECT MANAGERSHIP SUPPORT) + CO CAR 

Tb cater for the increased demands placed on the National Support team, additional LT. skills are required 
by this leading computer manufacturer. A wide range of skills are required from 16 months 
pitwammingfeupport experience, to many years DR experience m the support of financial applications. 
Wbrklng out of the luxury dty offices, the appointees wQI initially receive concentrated training and tuition 
on various topics such as: pre and post sales support, and structured design. Programmers wfll be involved 
with the development of specific software to meet the requirements of many of the major banks whilst the 
Systems Analysts. Project Leadere/Managers will be responsible for ascertaining these nequtrementsand 
also ter following these through from de^Mimpfememation. All support work will involve travelling to 
the diems she. this may Indude occasional overseas travel. A background in Internationa] finance 
|EtenklnglliisurafKte<taMints(StDCkbroldnge«cJ will be a distinct advantage, particularly at the more senior 
end. The work Is guaranteed to be varied and Interesting with a very flexible and self determined career 
path. Company care are given at most levds of support position whilst other benefits befit those of a large 
International concern. Salary te totally ooen us negotiation. REF: TP 1 5457 


DATA COMMS BUCKINGHAMSHIRE OTE £35.000 BASIC £17.000 

SALES EXECUTIVES BASED CAVALIER CAR 

One of the most outstanding Gmtputer Croups in Great Britain is enlarging its impressive Communications 
Division. Retaining their extensive client base, consisting of many large Multi-National co mpan ie s the 
organisation seeks successful safes executives toscB thdr renowned range of muifrkost sfegfe-temiinaJ 
systems. Average order value is c.£ 1 50.000, The targets set are very achievable and sales people are 
recognised and generously rewarded for their efforts. Ideally candidates will h*ie gained experience with 
a major manufacturer and wffl possibly be looking tor their next career challenge with a dynamic test- 
moving company. Knowledge of Datacommunkations hardware and software is highly desirable and 
negotiation experience at board level would also be a great advantage In addition to an unlimited salary 
and Gompany Car. the group also offers free BUW ana extensive holiday entitlement REF: TX (4946 


More computers to 
book your holiday 


International concern. Salary Is totally open U> negotiation. 
BUSINESS PEOPLE IN THE PEOPLE BUSINESS 


SENIOR ACCOUNT MANAGER CITY EARNINGS UP TO £60.000 

BANKING/FINANCE £30.000 GUAR 

The company is a worid leader m super computers and has used its technologies to establish a unique 
position in the world of high technology.^ The Financial Information Systems dMsfan offcrea unique range 
of producisand has an Impressive and piwtigtauscflenr base of Maior International Banfe Brokerage Rrms. 
Insurance Companies and Fortune 1000 companies throughout the world, A senior Account Manager fcs 
being recruited to join thlsgrowingand profitable area. IdeaHy. current experience shodd involve successful 
sales Into the Gty within Foreign Exchange. Money Market Dealing Systems and Hnandsl Information 
Distribution Systems. This fa asuperbopporttmity to maws to awpyws« respected operation which enfoys 
a leadership position at the forefront Of Infonnatkmdistributlon technology. Earnings potential fa high and 


company benefits are aceflem. 


REF: TL 14436 


RECRUITMENT CONSULTANTS 
21 CORK STREET, LONDON WlX 1HB 



24 HRS (10 LINES) 

.01 439 8302 

01 437 5994 

EVENINGS & WEEKENDS 

(089282) 2882 


1 0232 j 27703 


By Geof Wheelwright 

If you're looking fora career in use of such 

the travel industry, it is soon with a dair 
likely to be just as important ket share ft 
to know the ins and outs of a cent over ih 
viewdata computer infonna- _ 
non system as the names of „ Reputy ti 
the best three hotels in Colin Palme 
Majorca. son win sav 

Computers are becoming an ,l0n in 1 987 
integral part of all major travel 005(5 even 
j firms, with the trend toward P n “mputi 
computer based travel agen- beeD token i 
cus likely to continue in the Thomson 
coming months. commit \ 

Last week Thomson Holi- ovemiehiV 
days announced that it has oaTthe h 
completed switching its entire data SmUS 
bookings operation onto a the travdfo 
viewdata system. . a r lm ~ry e! to 

'The move comes at a time greaJS 
when Thomson is crediting its 


use of such computer systems 
with a claimed jump in mar- 
ket share from 20 to 30 per 
cent over the past year 


Deputy managing director 
Loan Palmer said that Thom- 
spn win save about £28 mil- 
lion in 1987 on administrative 
costs even after expenditure 
on computer systems havo 
been taken into account. > 


Thomson's work with 
computers has not paid-off 
overnight however and it is 
only the improvements in 
Jtoto processing throughout 
tne travel industry that lave 
flowed companies to gain the 
frcatest advantage from their 
m-house systems, . 


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THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


COMPUTER HORIZONS/2 



17 



?iy,! c attack on private sector failings 


Computer mannfactnrers and 
saeoas and technology iSmSl 
have come m for a qdek fhjrg 
government criticism over the faS 


The Government paid for nearly 
50 per cent; half of it spent on 
development work for the Ministry 
of Defence. 


THE WEEK 


& 


The Prime Minister chided th* 
.private »ctor over its record™ 
investment in research and develop 
ment while a report by the Central 

A^ a l ^r T A lKoammi ^ 
Agfincy (CCTA) expressed dis- 

appointment with some compwS 

manufacturers over skrnnesT in 

J“8 their products to work 

together via common standards. 

. Also published was the annual 
renew of government-funded re- 
send* and development, which says 
that private industry provided little 
more than a i third of the £6.6 billion 
spent nR&Dio 1986 


John Fairdough, chief scientific • 
adviser to the Government and on 
secondment from IBM, presented 
“? re P<»rt and reiterated that the 
pnvate sector was not spending 
«*ooghonR«D. 


By Matthew May 


Compromise due for 
discussion next week 


Ha staff was lookfag into whether 
companies shook! be made to rereal 
Mw much they were spending on R 


Mrs Thatcher’s comments ram#. 


400 jobs 
go after 
Burroughs 
merger 


in a Commons written reply last 
week giving the details behind a 
scheme called Link. It will provide 
np to £210 million of government 

money over the next five years to try 

to speed up work on selected 
university research projects in sci- 
ence and technology, bat only if 
industry will cover at least half the 
costs. 

She said: "The private sector is 
not investing as much of its own 
resources in R and D in this country 
as oar most saccesfnl competitors.” 

An attempt to fawn the tables on 
die criticism con tamed in conn dess 


reports on science and technology 
and made by industry, which argue 
that government fending is too low 
for exactly the same reason — it fells 
well below that of many nth***- 
advanced countries. 


Last week Britain — along with 
West Germany, France and the 
Netherlands — was arguing for big 
cuts in a proposal for a iSi bflEon 


Fresh spending 
is vital 


high-technology research budget for 
the EEC over the next five years. 
The other eight EEC members 

back the European Commission^ 
view that snefa spending is vital if 
Europe is to stand any of 


dosing the technology gap with the 
US and Japan. 

There was no ag reement and 
suggested compromise, which in- 
volves a budget of £2.6 billion for the 
next three years, is due to be 
discussed next Monday. 

For the information-technology 
industry in particular, the CCTA 
report had at least some kh»d words. 
It gives the resnlts on the progress 
made by 14 leading suppliers of IT 
in implementing OSI — open sys- 
tems interconnection — standards. 

The CCTA, which looks after the 
use and purchase of TT within 
government, was encouraged by 
generally “positive approach”, but 
pointed out that most suppliers were 
running late in certain areas and 
unlikely to meet some of the CCTA 
targets. 



More than 400 jobs are to be 
lost in Cumbernauld, central 
Scotland, with the closure of 
an American-owned com- 
puter plant. 

. In the latest of a series of 
$jobs blows to the area, the 

- former Burroughs computer 
plant, established in the new 

- town since 1958. is to be shut 
* down. 

- The announcement foDows 

- the merger in September of 
1 Burroughs and Sperry to form 

- a new company, Unisys. Bur- 
^ roughs had already shed 350 
«• jobs at Cumbernauld- 

After the merger, the new 
company announced it would 

- cut its world-wide workforce 
by 8 per cent. The company 

- said the Cumbernauld closure 
" was the result of a “com- 
-* prehensive worldwide 
.* restructuring” though its other 

- Scottish plant, at Livingston, 

- near Edinburgh, is unaffected. 

Of the job* lost at 
^ Cumbernauld, 36u trill be 
.* employees engaged mainly in 
' design and development, and 
•' 50 logistical staff. 

■' The Secretary of Slate for 
"■ Scotland, Malcolm Rifldnd, 
said he “deeply regretted” the 
' company's decision and said 
. bis officials had been in 
;■ contact with the company for 
two years to try to safeguard 
the Cumbernauld operation. 
“Two offers of regional 
— -assistance -were made - ta the 
company in the spring of 1985 
and as recently as November 
ibis year in an attempt- to 
secure the existing jobs,” he 
said. 

- “Unfortunately, as a result 
' of merger activities between 
Burroughs and Sperry, cor- 
f: porate management of the 
new company was not in a 
position to accept these 
offers”. 


The brain drain goes into reverse gear 


By Pat Sweet 
Next month will see the start 
of a transatlantic technology 
transfer with, a difference — a 
sort of small reverse brain 
drain. 

A group of American com- 
puter programmers is coming 
over to take up jobs in Britain 
from a country widely re- 
garded as having one of the 
most-skilled computing 
workforces anywhere in the 
world and also for paying 
higher salaries than in the 
UK. The US programmers will 
be working with companies 
that need expertise in fourth- 
generation languages and rela- 
tional databases. 

This summer Michael 
Doran of City Recruitment 
Consultants was asked by a 
client to find staff with experi- 
ence of a particular database. 
He said: “The software had 
been available in Britain only, 
since last year and at that time 
there were only 10 sites, so 
there was great pressure on 
people who knew something 
about it. However in America 
the package had been around 
for 10 years and there were 
several hundred users.” 

So in an effort to increase 
the pool of potential pro- 
grammers, Mr Doran ad- 
vertised in the New York 
Sunday Times and the Wash- 
ington Sunday Post. He also 





‘If you ask me, they’re overpaid, overqualified and over 
here-.” 


appealed for programmers 
with other relational 
databases and fourth-genera- 
tion language experience on 
products such as IDMS and 
Adabas Natural. 


The surprising result was 
more than 100 replies within a 
fortnight, from applicants 
whose background ranged 
from work on ■ the 
SpaceShmtle programme to 



Heads off computer departments have fered badly in recent salary rises 


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For those who see the raring 
car as a triumph of van’s 
engineering skilk, to be 
drooled over wife pride and 
affection, skilled drivers and 
top mechanics are looked np to 
for their ability to understand 
car and engines. 

It seems these days that a 
similar ability to know and 
believe in what a computer 
system is telling yoa is one of 
fee most sought-after skills in 
fee computer indastry.lt is one 
pointer to a good career as a 
data processing manager. 

Alan Newman, managing 
director of High Wycombe- 
based Daton Recruitment, 
says: “One of the most diffi- 
cult attributes to identify 
among senior data processing 
and MIS (management 
information systems) manage- 
ment, is people who can 
believe absolutely in what 
their system is telling them.” 

Such ability is more in 
demand as wider use is made 
of basiness requirements plan- 
ning systems, in whichevery 


JOBSCENE 


By Eddie Coulter 


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Telephone (CCl.->) 211990 


t hi n g in a company — from 
sales to finance, production to 
delivery and forecasting — is 
computer-oriented . 

Managers throughout a 
company all have access to 
computer-based data. There 
may well be many views on 
what actions to take and some 
may not believe what the 
system is telling them.Tbe 


implicit 

system 



sSms to technical documentation M* 


>PM) must have 
Ifeith in what fee 
[indicates. 

To do that be or she mast 
know how the system ticks and 
be able to stand by what it 
says, regardless of what others 
say. 

So what background does a 
typical DPM have? What 
sltiUs most he offerTThe clas- 
sic route, according to Craig 
Millar, account director of 
i executive search company, 
Lloyd Chapman and Partners, 
s with a conventional DP 
background. This means 
programming and systems 
analysis wife project leading 
and management skills devel- 
oped over a number of years. 

He s?ys: 


experience is obviously im- 
portant and that means good 
man management. Back- 
ground qualifications can help, 
bat it is recognized that we 
don’t train for management 
skills much in Britain. 

Mr Newman says: “Many 
areas of activity are starting to 
prodace good DP manage- 
ment. Mannfactnrtng in 
particular, as well as fee retail 
and food industries, seem to be 
producing a lot of good people. 
These people appear to have 
started off as users of MIS ami 
have decided to move in that 
direction. They gain a few 
years' DP experience, then 
suddenly emerge as manage- 
ment potential 
“Another area can be those 
who move from DP operations 
management, provided they 
have a good systems 
understanding.*’ 

The average national basic 
salary for a DP manager is 
£17,500, although that is be- 
fore bonuses, overtime and 
perks. 

Yet that does not seem a 
. reflection on what can be 
* earned. DPMs seem to have 
fered badly in recent salary 
rises. Even the average of 
£29,000 a year in the City 
seems low in comparison to 
other senior management jobs. 
But for the DPM who has the 
skill to believe in his system — 
and convince corporate 
management of the feet — 
salaries could be higber. 

Beyond DPM, in a bigger 
organization, Mr Millar reck- 
ons that as a director of MIS 
or systems director, yon can 
reach £5<M)00 pa. 

And there is no reason good 
DPMs shook! not achieve 
£35.000 in the South-East and 
£25,000 to 30,000 in fee 
North. 

"Part of the trick,” 
emphasizes Mr Newman, “is 
knowing what is available to 
apply in fee DP and MIS 
environment. That means 
staying abreast of develop- 
ments. 

This attitude can be devel- 
oped. early in a career, for it 
wQl often take at least 10 years 
in fee DP environment to 
make it to manager of a 
medium-sire installation. To 
manage a small installation, 
say an IBM System 36 or 
System 38, about five years’ 
experience ran he eunuch . 


commercial banking systems. 
Mr Doran interviewed 35 
candidates and made job of- 
fers to 30, of whom only two 
were British programmers 
wanting to return home after a 
sunt abroad. 

The remainder were Ameri- 
cans keen to work in the UK, 
although Mr Doran was care- 
ful to emphasize first that 
despite any similarities in the 
language, it was a different 
country, and second that they 
would not be offered as much 
money as they were used to. 

He added: “It was necessary 
to explain that though the 
standard of living could be 
similar, the way of living 
would be quite different. The 
average senior programmer in 
the UK, for instance, earns 
about £1 5,000 a year while the 
same person in the US would 
easily get between £25,000 and 
£30,000. 

“I was also wary of people 
who bad never been outside 
America, but there was one 
applicant who said he planned 
to po either to Europe or to 
Chicago, and 1 realized that to 
someone from Washington, in 
feet, Chicago would be like a 
foreign country.” 

But the attractions of living 
in England seemed to have 
overcome any worries about a 
drop in salary; the first of the 
30 programmers will be com- 


ing over in the New Year. 

Mr Doran said: “All the 28 
Americans are to a greater.or 
lesser extent Anglophiles. 
They range from someone 
from Russia who bad become 
a US citizen, didn't like it all 
that much and wanted to get 
back to Europe, to people 
who'd been in England as 
students or on holiday and 
liked iL” 

Mr Doran believes the cul- 
tural and financial shock to 
US programmers is likely to 
be bigger than any change in 
working practices. 

He found the standards of 
US-trained programmers to 
be goocLDespite the success of 
the venture, it is not likely to 
herald a large brain drain, 
crossing the Atlantic from the 
other side this time. The lower - 


High cost of 
imported staff 


UK salaries, although com- 
pensated for by the different 
lifestyle, remain a problem. 

And the cost of bringing 
over US programmers is quite 
high — Mr Doran estimated 
about £1,000 in legal fees for 
each applicant, plus associated 
costs for flying over new staff 
and putting them up in hotels 
while they found 
accommodation. 


EDI challenge 
to small firms 


By Richard Sarson 

Electronic Data Interchange 
(EDI) has grown quickly in the 
past three months. EDI is the 
jargon term for replacing pa- 
per orders, invoices and other 
transactions between com- 
panies by dec ironic messages. 

This will eventually, so the 
argument goes, save firms' 
time, errors and the cost of 
rekeying data when ordering 
or paying for goods. 

Since September Istel's or- 
ders for Edict — an EDI value- 
added network - have jumped 
from 100 to over 160. while 
ICL's offering, Tradanet,has 
seen the same pattern. 

Launched in April, 1985, a 
month or two before Edict, 

Tradanel hit 150 orders in 
September, but has now gone 
above 200, with another 150 
committed. 

Until last year, only 5 per 
cent of inter-company trans- 
actions were electronic, 
mostly using magnetic tape as 
medium, as in BAGS —the 
Bankers’ Automated Clearing 
System. 

The stumbling block has 
been the usual diversity of 
incompatible machines, 
communications protocols 
and differing types and 
vocabulary of invoices and 
OTders. 

While standards are slowly 
being established, someone 
has to convert them to usable 
products. Perhaps surpris- 
ingly, those in fee forefront 
are not fee biggest companies: 

The leaders in Britain are 
Geisco, ICL and IsteL Mc- 
Donnell Douglas is a leader in 
America but Edinet, its British 
collaboration wife British 
Telecom, has just been axed 
because of a lack of orders. 

IBM is only now malting a 
belated appearance. 

lstel, fee spin- off computer 
department of Austin- Rover, 
not surprisingly has 25 per 
cent of its business in fee 
motor-trade, but is diversify- 
ing into general manufac- 
turing, distribution, health 
and travel. 

Geisco, wife its Motornet, is 
also going for fee motor trade 
while Tradanet is currently 


concentrating on the food 
pharmaceutical, white goods, 
DIY and electrical supply 
industries. 

A group of exporters and 
shippers are doing a pilot 
project. Dish, using Tradanet 
for shipping documentation. 

EDI is not only for fee big 
traders like Marks & Spencer, 
or Sainsbury. lstel says that 45 
of its licences are with micros. 

One factor that drives fee 
sudden growth in customers is 
that the customers themselves 
are fee best salesmen. 

David Flanders, commer- 
cial manager of Norweb, has 
persuaded 13 of the 15 other 
regional electricity boards to 
join him in using Tradanet. 

He has also told his major 
white goods suppliers feat if 
they want to continue doing 
business they better get con- 
nected up as well. 


Trans-border 
move problems 


Bui internationally, EDI 
runs up against legal restric- 
tions on passing some types of 
data across borders from cer- 
tain countries, particularly 
those, like Germany and to a 
lesser extent Fran ce, w here 
deregulation of fee PTTs has 
not progressed very for. 

Some multinationals are 
very active in EDI, 1CI in 
particular. Colin Clark, fee 
leader of ICTs team was much 
influenced by 1CI American 
experience wife fee American 
chemical industry's data ex- 
change project, and has just 
persuaded the Council of 
European Chemical Manufac- 
turers to set up a similar 
project 

GEISCO believes that 85 
per centof trade transactions 
are at a national level at the 
moment and it is important 
to get that right first. 

So far Britain is ahead of fee 
rest of Europe, both in setting 
the standards and marketing 
fee value- added networks — 
whether it can retain a lead 
remains to be seen. 



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list boasts the household names in the computer and electronic industries. 


Our dients are at the forefront of technology and are among the world-leaders 
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lb satisfy their requirements we are now seeking ti-aining and Documentation 
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If you are considering a positive career move, either in the UK or Overseas, 
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A dMsian of Mortal muss Umud and member of FRES 
An Employment Agency and Employment Bus ness Dot Licence No. S4AI2824 




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systems to The Stock Exchange. 


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TeL 0734 786808. 


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.18 


THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 



COURT AND SOCIAL 


COURT 

CIRCULAR 


In the evening His Royal 


KENSINGTON PALACE 
December 15: The Prince of 
Wales, President, Business in 
the Community, this evening 
attended a Reception for “The 
Percent Club” given by the 
Prime Minister at No 10 
Downing Street. 

Sir John Riddell, Bt and the 
Hon Rupert Fairfax were in 
attendance. 

The Princess of Wales, Presi- 
dent, Dr Barnardo's, this eve- 
ning attended a Carol Service in 
the Church of St Martin-in-the- 
Fields, London,' WC2. 

Mrs Max Pike and Lieuten- 
ant-Commander Richard 
Aylard. RN were in attendance. 

KENSINGTON PALACE 
December 15: The Princess 
Margaret Countess of Snowdon 
as President ofTfae Girl Guides 1 
Association, presented brooches 
to Queen's Guides at Kensing- 
ton Palace this afternoon. 

Lady Juliet Townsend was in 
attendance. 


Highness was present at a I 
Christmas Drinks Party given 
' by Bulldog Manpower Sendees 
Limited at Great Peter Street, 
London, SWI. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

THATCHED HOUSE LODGE 
December 15: Princess Alexan- 
dra and the Hos Angus Ogilvy 
were present this evening at a 
Reception held for the Mount 
Everest North-East Ridge 1987 
Expedition at 22. South Audley 
Street. London, WI. 


KENSINGTON PALACE 
December 1 5: The Duke of 
Gloucester this morning pre- 
sented the 1986 Award to the 
Girl Technician Engineer of the 
Year at the Royal Society of 
Arts. John Adam Street, 
London, WC2. 


Princess Anne will visit Western 
Australia in February for the 
closing stages of the America's 
Cup. 

Princess Anne will visit the 
United Arab Emirates, Qatar, 
Kuwait and Jordan from Feb- 
ruary 10 to 21. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales will pay a three-day 
official visit to Portugal in 
February. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales wiH visit the Federal 
Republic of Germany in Octo- 
ber 1987. 

the 
will 


Birthdays today 

Professor Sir Harold Bailey, 87; 


Sale room 


Rare prints found in old wardrobe 


Mr N. C Blarney, 72; Mr F. R. 
Brown, 75; Sir Mi 


licfaad Carlisle, 
57; Mr Arthur G Clarke, 69; 


Judge Myreila Cohen, QG 59; 
" m Peter Dickinson, 59; Sir 


A service of th 
life of Sir Gordon 
be held ai St Margaret's. West- 
minster, at noon today. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Mr R-N-M. Armiiage will 
be held at St Giles in the Fields 
at noon today. 


Appointments 



Mr Bernard Rix, QG (pictured 
above), to be Director of the 
London Philharmonic Orch- 
estra. 

The Rev Gilbert Hop ley to be 
Headmaster of Si Paul’s Cathe- 
dral Choir School from next 
September, in succession to Mr 
Derek Sutton, who retires at the 
end of the summer term. 

Mr George Craig to be Principal 
Establishment Officer of the 
Welsh Office, with the rank of 
Under Secretary. He succeeds 
Mr John Lloyd, who transfers as 
Under Secretary to head the 
housing, health and social ser- 
vices policy group of the Welsh 
Office. 

Professor David Grahame- 
Snrith, of Oxford University, to 
be honorary consultant io the 
Army in pharmacology horn 
March, in succession to Profes- 
sor J.B.E. Baker, who is retiring. 


Dinners 


English-Speaking Union 
Sir Oliver Wright gave the 1986 
Churchill Lecture at Guildhall 
yesterday. Sir Donald Tebbit, 
Chairman of the English-Speak- 
ing Union of the Common- 
wealth, presided and Mr Alan 
Lee Williams, director-general, 
also spoke. At a dinner given 
afterwards by Sir Donald Tebbit 
and Sir Alistair Frame on board 
HMS Belfast, Sir Oliver was the 
guest of honour. Among those 
present were: 

Lady Wrtatu. Lady Frame. Lady 
THjML SIT Philip and the Han Lady 
Adams. Mr David Griffiths. Mr Robert 
J KorengMd. Mrs Dene Newman. Mr 
and Mn AJan Lee williams and Mr 
Nicholas Wrtpftf. 

National Sporting Club 
The National Sporting Club 
gave a boxing dinner at Grosve- 
nor House yesterday. Mr 
George Graham was the guest of 
honour. Mr Jervis Astaire was 
in the chair and the other 
speakers were Mr Joe Dimdol 
and Mr Kenneth 
Wolstenholme, secretary of the 
club. 


Harrow School 


Winter Term at Harrow School 
ended on Saturday. The chem- 
istry schools were opened by 
Professor R.O.C. Norman on 
Tuesday, November 18. The 
Queen and the Duke of Edin- 


burgh attended Churchill Songs 


on November 24. The Cock 
House Match was won by The 
Head Master’s (JD.V. Va 
who beat West Acre ( 
P&rry). The Torpid Final was 
won by Bradbys (A.W.D. 
San key) who. beat The Park 
(J.G.K. Ingram). Next term 
begins on Monday, January 12. 


the Hon 
Jasper Hollom, 69; Lord 
Margadale. 80, Vice- Admiral Sir 
Charles Norris, 86; Air Chief 
Marshal Sir Hubert Patch, 82; 
Sir Victor Pritchett, 86; Lieuten- 
ant-General Sir David ScotJ- 
Barreit, 64; Sir John Thompson, 
79; Miss Jacqueline Tbwkites, 
55; Miss Liv Ullman, 48; Dr Jan 
van Loewen, 85; Mr W. H. P. 
Whatley, 64. 


Christening 

The infant son of Mr and Mrs 
Michael Moore was christened 
Richard Paul lan by the Rev 
Neville Thomas in the Guards 
Chapel, Wellington Barracks, on 
Friday, December 12. The god- 
parents are Mr Peter Adoriaa, 
Mr Donald Caider, Lady Hoi- 
land-Martin and Mrs Anthony 
Fear. 


Reception 

Prune Minister 
The Prince ofWales was present 
ai a reception given by the 
Prime Minister and Mr Denis 
Thatcher at 10 Downing Street 
yesterday evening to nark the 
official launch of The Per Cent 
Club. 


Service dinners 


Chatham Dining Club 

literal G.H. 


Major-General G.H. Mills pre- 
sided at a dinner of the Chatham 
Dining Club held last night at St 
Ermin’s Hotel Major-General 
Sir Desmond Langley was the 
guest of honour. 

Combined Cadet Force 

Air Chief Marshal Sir David 
Craig, Chief of the Air Staff was 
the principal guest at the annual 
officers’ dinne r of the Combined 
Cadet Force held at the Imperial 
Hotel, Russell Square, yes- 
terday. Commander A. Brown, 
Malvern College, was in the 
chair. Among others present 
were; 


General Sir Hogft Beacfu Vice- 
Admiral R R Swires. Rear-Admiral P 
G Grenier. Mator-Oenerals C E W 
Jones and P C Shapund am) Air vxce- 
Marctiats N J pilktogton and G C 
Lamb. 


University news 


Salford 

Grants 


Sdence and Engineering R em r ai 
Council: 093.306 to DT E K LO and 
Dr A H Redford tor analysts of 
simulation ntodeb fargeneral punme 
assembly systems: £90000 to Dr A 


Bradshaw and professor D J Sanger 
- manipulation 


to study flexible robot* , _ 

system for remotely operated under- 

waier vehicles. 


Bath 

Grant 

Science and Engineering Re- 
search Council//Dorman Die- 
sels: £104.830 to Dr S J Chariton 
for an investigation of pre- 
chamber configuration with ref- 
erence to combustion,and 
emissions for a lean-burn gas 
engine. 


Japanese prints found m the bottom 
of a wardrobe in a London council flat 
were the sensations of Christie’s sale of 
Japanese prints and paintings yes- 
terday. 

There were two portraits of actors by 
Kunisada in bright colours and pristine 
condition dating from 1813 and 1814. 
One wade £24,200 (estimate £8JK)0 to 
£10,000) and the other £14,300 (es- 
timate £6,000 to £8,000). 

They woe sold front the estate of 
Miss Marie Gray, whose Japanese 
prints made np roughly half of Christie's 
sale. Marie Gray lived with Louis 
Meier, a well known print dealer with a 
shop in Cecil Cent; off the Charing 
Cross Road. It was the kind of shop 


By Geraldine Nonnas, Safe Room Correspondent 

pieces were among to JW*** 

- hidden from the dirt in 


where you hoped to find masterpieces 
among the overflowing piles ofjnnL 

Mr Meier died three years ago and 
Marie Gray last year. Christie's were 
invited to dear the Oat by the ample's 
solicitors. u 1t was overflowin g with pBes 
of prints on every surface aim appeared 
not to have been cleaned for 20 years", 
said a Christie's spokesman. They were 
mostly cheap prints and extremely dirty. 

But hen and there Christie’s found 
stars. There was a gfliwood replica of a 
daybird from an Egyptian tomb which 
h«d keen mafo zb Cairo sound 1900 
and was worth some £7,000; there were 
Old Master drawings worth around 
£15,000, some antiquities and some 
Persian pottery, but the most valuable 


luckily ^ _ 
mate Bare ton £200,000, 


a range 

^Christi^f morning sale of 
prints ami paintings made £180^ 

. • rnici 




was strong demand at most price reveis. 
Portrait print by 

who worked in the eariy nmeteenth 
centnrv, made a remarkable p#™ 
Se £600 to £900); it depirts a 
young woman bolding a teacup and is so 
rare that Christie’s literally did not 
know how to pick an estimate. 



The Bm* Palladium front of Heveningham Hall in Suffolk mirier scaffolding 
(Photograph: Joe McKeown). 


Fears for Heveningham 


Concern is growing over the fate of 
Heveningham Run, near Haleswurth, Snffniir, 
which is widely recognized as one of the best 
Pallariian mansions in Britain. 

The boose and 500-acre park was bought 
from the Department of the Environment in 
1961 by an Arab businessman, Mr Abdul al- 
Gbazzi, who promised to restore it and allow 
public access. 

But after a fire two years ago, which 
seriously damaged the east wing, where 
ironically restoration had started, work on 
Heveningham Hall has ceased. 

It had been planned to repair the fire damage 
by the end of last year, but the hall today re- 
mains boarded and shuttered, with the east 
wing protected by polythene sheeting. 

During this year most of the staff have been 
laid off. There is no public access to the hall or 
gardens, and a row has erupted over a proposal 
to divert a footpath through the park away 
from the house on security grounds. 

The London headquarters of Mr al-Ghaaf s 
company, Gnlfpark Property Management, 
and the adramistralor at Heveningham have 
declined to discuss the matter. 


The Director of the Suffolk Preservatin 
Society, Mr Pan! Edwards, said: “We are very 
worried about the future of Heverringham. No 
one seems to know what is happening, and we 
should like to see the district council 
concerned, Suffolk Coastal, and the Environ- 
ment Department, trite action to ensu r e 
re sto ra tion goes ahead. 

“It is impossible to overstress the im- 
portance of mis bmhfing, and if the owners can 
give do suitable assurances, then frankly we 
would like to see someone else have a try with 
it*/ 

Heveningham Hall was designed in the late 
1770s by Sir Robert Taylor for Sr Gerard 
Vanned^ a member of a prominent Gty 
business family. Capability Brown laid out the 
grounds and James Wyatt was responsible far 
* the interior. 

The Vannecks fired there for nearly two 
centuries, but were eventual)' unable to afford 
the upkeep. They sold the hall to the 
Department of the Environment m 1970 and 
went to Australia. When Mr al-Ghazzi bought 
the house in 1981, it had beat on the market 
for almost two years. 


Church news 


Appointments 

•Tima Pk S AdfllMi. SflfStSIll PTfeSL 
S» 7 Mai?^A»ots. 

vgp ™ 

Entu*d._ d»c«r a 


air 

SE; 


diocese' of BaUi and Welts. 

TUe Rev TM 


Baih. 

BeauntouL Vicar. St 


Cameron. Dunlserton. Fcoccote 

'g^dSTvi^mrn. 

of Po«^dinaUona«l 

tUoccaeof Gtouces 


The Rev W Byoon. Vkar. Alt 
Saints*. Southport, diocese of Liver- 

Souls'. Southport. SUM! alOCMO-, 
The Rev MP CtiappeU. Prti-sl-m 
charae. Holy Trinity. Stockton-on- 
Tees, diocese of Durham, tq. be Vi car. 
St Luke. Scarborough, diocese of 

Y T& Rev KJ Cove. Vicar. Ambtedde. 
rttnrMe of Carlisle, to oe vicar. 
Thanws niton, diocese of CuQdford. 


-names Carton. diocese of GuQdforo. 

The Rev BM Crowther-Alwyn 

lector. St John. BalUieston. and 


Pronin -charpeL St Serf. StettiesUfi. 


toege^el Clagow and paBoway. te 


lor. Tne Sasstngnam Croup. 

Vicar. St 

gllcan Chaplain. Soammead HaspUai. 
diocese of Hrtstol. 

The Rev P H Dearden. Rector. St 
PHrrt. Darweo wm, Hoddlesden. 
diocese of Blackburn, to be also Rural 
Dean of Darwen. same diocese. 

The Rev M D Doe. Priest Mlssloner. 
Blackbird Los. diocese of Oxford, to 
be also Rural Dean of Cowley, same 
diocese. 

The Rev G A de Burgti-Tbamas. 
Rector. Frttwen with SauUacn and 
ATdtey with Fewcott- diocese of 
Oxford, to be Rector. Hawrtdge with 
Otoie sbu ry and St Leonard, and 
Vicar. Lee. same diocese. 

The Rev D A Ensor. Rector, 
daypote. diocese of Lincoln, to be 
vicar, wnaototfe Drove and Gedney 
HHL same d io c es e. 

The Rev S C Everson. Curate. Si 
Mary's RcthertdUte. diocese or South- 
wark. 


to be Parish Priest. St Agnes. 


Kezuunoior. diocese of London. 
The Rev J 


J Oover. Rector. ChurchOI 

with Btakedown and Assistant Di- 

ocesan Education Officer, diocese of 
Worcester. Id be Rector. Betbroughton 

wm* Fairfield and doit, same 


OBITUARY 

professor 

DOMINICA 

LEGGE 


Eminent 

Anglo-Norman 

scholar 


The Rev G J Hanstord. Curate. 

I Winchester, to be 


Shtnesr. dtocuse ol 

Rector. We are Glffard with 
Landeross. MonkMtfi and UlUeham. 
diocese of Exeier. 

The Rev k L Masters. Rector. 
Harung St Mary and St Gabriel, 
diocese of Chichester, to be Vicar. 
RusOngton Si Peter and SI PauL same 
diocese. 

The Rev L P R Meeting. Curate. 
Croftoa. diocese of Porstmouth. to be 
vicar, wiutertdgr. Thei bridge. 
Creacombe. Meshaw. and East and 


West Warunghzn. diocese or Exeter. 
The Rev DJ 


_ J Osbourne. Vicar. 

Swtaesnead. dtoccse of Lincoln, to be 
also Rural Dean of Hottaad . West. 


The Rev D Ortnston. Swindon 
Archdeaconry Youth OfBcer. diocese 
of BrMoL to be Rector. Brtnkworth 
wtm Dauntsey and Chapla in cy Team 
Leader. New CoUrae. Swindon, same 


The Rev A. Rip ley, v icar. Si 
rccu dibcow 


Brfdgers. Wavertree, ti toe w of Uv«r- 
pool, to be Adviser In Lay Training, 
diocese of Bath and Wells. 



enjoy your Christmas 


knowing what his will be like? 



This picture was taken last 
year in Bradford. 

It was not set up or recon- 
structed. We simply asked our 
photographer to record what he 
found in the cities of our country. 

Peter is two years old. 

He’s just one of almost two 
million children living in 
appalling deprivation in Britain 
today. 

Uving in conditions that 


create family tensions, domestic 
violence and worse. 

Christmas Day won’t be 
very much different. 

Every year The Children^ 
Society helps thousands of such 
children. 

For every child we help, how- 
ever, there are many we cant. 

This Christmas you could 
help us to help even more 
children next year. 


Please send your donation to: Church of England Children^ Society, Freepost, ] 
London WC1X0BR. I 


Name. 


Address. 


.Amount £. 


We’re grateful for your donation, but to save us money we will not send a receipt 
unless you tick this box. {~| 

Access/ 



Forthcoming marriages 


Mr WJ. Bailey 
and Mbs MA Afian 
The engagement is announced 
between William, son of Mr and 
Mis R. Bailey, of Chippenham, 
Wiltshire, and Mary Anne, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs G. 
Allan, of Edenbridge, Kent. 


younger daughter ofMr and Mrs 
KLE Wright, of Easterton, 
Wiltshire. 


Mr D.St J. Brown 
and Mbs C McGarn 
The engagement is announced 
between David St John, younger 
son of Ueuienant-Colo nel DA 
Brown, retd, and Mrs Brown, of 
Durham, and Caron, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Peter 
McGum, of Kew Terrace, 
Glasgow. 


Mr R.D.E. Hames 
and Miss MjC. Walker 
The enga g e m ent is announced 
bet wee n Richard David Eliot, 
younger son of Mr and Mrs 
J-FJL Haines, of Cburt, Surrey, 
and Mary Cornwall, younger 
daughter of the Rev CJLC. and 
Mis Walker, of Great Am well, 
Hertfordshire. 


of Long Ditton, Surrey, and 
Sophie Anne Alice, only daugh- 
ter of M and Mine R. Colin, of 
Mnlhouse, France. 


Mr BALN. Clarke 
and IVBss CE. Manduft 
The engagement is announced 
between Brian, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs J.v.C. Clarke, of 
The Lodge, Colne Engaine, Es- 
sex, and Caroline, daughter of 
Mr and Mzs Anthony Mauduit, 
of Seaton House, Icfcham, Kent. 


Mr CM. Jones Warner 
and Miss JJE- Esden 
The* engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of Mr 
and Mrs K.C. Jones, of 
Oringford, and Jane, elder 
daughter of Captain and Mrs 
RJwL Esden, of Ashtead, Surrey. 


MrBJLPaol 
and Miss CA- Hawkins 
The engagement is announced 
between Bruce Kenneth, elder 
son of Commander K.G. Paul, 
OBE, and Mis Paul, of 
Alvezstoke, Hampshire, and 
Clare Amanda, daughter of 
Squadron Leader and Mrs AJJ. 
Hawkins , of Lech lade, 
Gloucestershire. 


Mr C- Conminos 
and Miss SJJ. Turner Lafng 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, only son of Mr 
and Mrs M. Conminos, of 
Chiswick, London, and Sophie, 
eldest daughter of Mr G. Turner 
Laing, of Brim p ton, Berkshire, 
and Mrs M. Drummond, of 
Fawiey, Hampshire. 


MrSJ.Ka* 
and Miss L.C. 

The engagement is announced 
between Simon, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs Michael Kavanagh, of 
29 Edwardes Square, Kensing- 
ton, London, W&, and Lise, only 
dat^ghte- of Mr and Mrs Niels 
Blemmer, of Moor Park, 
Middlesex. 


Mr CP.T. Day 
and Miss SJM. Wright 
The engagement is an no u n ced 
between Christopher Philip 
Terrett, eldest son of Mr D-H-T. 
Day, of Higham, Suffolk, and of 
Mrs Trenchant! Day, of Moul- 
ton, Suffolk, and Sally Nicola, 


Mr WJL Kinder 
and Mbs CM. Case 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward, son of Mr and 
Mis WJL Kinder, of Pool 
Meadow, Gloucester, and Caro- 
line; eldest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs HD. Case, of Sker Court, 
PorthcawL 


MrCW. Pillar . 
and Miss AJ*. Hetcber 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, younger 
sob of Mr and Mrs D. Hilar, of 
dare, Suffolk, and Anne, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs PJ. 
Fletcher, of Thornton , 
Oeveleys, Lancashire. 

Mr TJL Rosser 
aad Mbs JJL Thomas 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs AJE. Rosser, ofThe 
Ham, Wantage, Oxfordshire, 
and JiD, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs P.M. Thomas, of 5 
WindJesham Court, 

Windlcsham. Surrey,' formerly 


of Belfast, Northern Ireland. 

Mr UL Wood 

and MQss MJWcL- RahagUati 


Tbe engMement is announced 
een Larry, s 


Mr R.W. Main 

and Mile SjLA: Colin 

The engagement is announced 

between Rupert William, elder 

son of Mr and Mrs KLR. Main, 


between Larry, son of Dr and 
Mrs Darwin L, Wood, of Mur- 
ray Hifl, New Jersey, and Mar- 
garet. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Francis Rabagliati, of CharfcutL 
Wiltshire. The marriage win 
take place in Pennsylv ania, on 
May 16. 


Sdence report 


The hidden oceans on Mars 


By Keith Hnufley 


The surface of tbe planet Mars 
contains enough hidden mois- 
ture to form a planet- wide ocean 
half a mile deep, according to a 
new study of Mare by Dr 
Michael Carr, of tbe US Geo- 
logical Survey at Menlo Park, 
California, 

This startling idea of a water- 
rich Mars flies in the face of 
currently accepted wisdom, 
which pictures the Martian sur- 
face as a cold, dry, desert 
landscape swept with dust 
storms and with barely a trace of 
moisture 

To hade up his ideas, Dr Can- 
dies evidence for vast stores of 
Martian water trapped within 
permanently frozen ground, 
particularly away from the fee- 
ble warmth or the Martian 
equator. Winding channels on 
Mars could only have been 
formed by running, water and 
much of the terrain is “soft- 
ened** like grated cheese melting 
on a pizza tn the oven. 

This rounded landscape is 
best explained, says Dr Carr, by 
ice making up a major portion 
of the ground materials, as are. 
debris flows, criss-crossed chan~- 


nel networks and tbe appear- 
ance of dosed depressions all 
over high latitudes. 

Nowadays tbe martian at- 
mosphere is so thin that free 
liquid water cannot exist any- 
where for long because it quickly 
evaporates away. Even solid ice 
subtimes near the equator and 
only remains stable where day- 
time temperatures stay well 
below freezing point 

But this has not always bent 
so; in past geological ages, the 
Martian atmosphere was much 
thicker and water could flow 
freely across the landscape. 

In the earliest period of 
martian history, the meteorite 
impact rate was high and many 
large craters' were formed. These 
impacts shattered the surface to 
great depths and smothered the 
planet with loosdy compacted 
tee-rich materials holding vast 
quantities of water and capable 
of absorbing even more. 

Dr Carr Believes the planet's 
cratered uplands at latitudes 
greater then 30 degrees have 
retained this ice which still 
makes up perhaps a fifth of then- 
bulk near the surface and down 


fornerhara two miles in depth. 

The h ig h lands near the equa- 
tor have lost their water by 
seepage to form the water 
c h a nne ls and by evaporation. 
Much of the moisture that ran- 
off probably still exists either as 
ice io tbe planet's northern 
lowlands {where there are fea- 
tures reminiscent of terrestrial 


MR HENRY 

WINSTON 

Mr Henry Winston, chair- 
man of the Co mmunis t Patty 
of the USA. and a campaigner 
on behalf of his follow-blacks, 
died in Moscow on December 
12, while on a visit for 
treatment of a brain tumour. 
He was 75. 

Bora into a family of Mis- 
sissippi sharecroppers, he was 
active in the unemployed 
councils and in the Southern 
Negro Youth Congress during 
the Depression, before joining 
the Communist Party in 1933. 

After war service with the 
US . Army in Europe, he 
became organization secretary 
in 1947. 

In the 1950s he was gaoled 
for eight years on charges of^ 
conspiring to advocate ther 
violent overthrow of the US 
government. 

In prison he went blind, . 
which he always attributed to 
negligent medical treatment of 
an eye condition. 

’ He became chairman of the 
party, which has fewer than 
20,000 members, in 1966. 

Among his books were 
Strategy for a Black Agenda 
and Class, Race and Blade 
Liberation. 

He leaves a widow, Fern, 
and a daughter. 

MR WALTER 
HILL 


Mr Walter Hill, secretary- 
genera] of the Interna tional ; 
Chamber of Commerce from' 
1957 to 1973, died on Decem- 
ber 6. He was 82. 


frozen ground) or on the deep 
rthecrea 


floor ofthe great Hellas feon in 
the southern hemisphere. Most 
of the evaporated water was re- 
depo sited on to the white mar- 
tian polar caps which expand in 
winter with deposits of solid 
carbon dioxide from the air. 

Dr Carr’s modelling also sug- 
gests that large quantities of 
carbon dioxide and some nitro- 
gen were fixed by geological 
processes. As a result carbonate 
and nil rate rocks should be 
found folded into the soils ofthe 
cratered highlands. 

If water really is present in 
quantity on Mara it provides yet 
another -necessity of life. 


Educated at tbe London 
School of Economics, be 
joined The Economist in 1928, 
and later became the first 
director ofits intelligence unit . 

In 1946 be went to Wash- 
ington to join the newly- 
created World Bank , Two 
years later he was posted to its 
Paris office where, until 1955, 
he was involved in the trank's 
financing of post-war recon- 
struction. 

He became secretary-gener- 
al ofthe ICC at a time when it 
was trying to shed its business^ 
club image and develop a ? ' 
practical role in the business 
world. 

HBl's most notable achieve- 
JR* creation in 1 969 
of the ICC-UN, GATT eco- 
nomic consultative 
committee. 


CHRISTOPHER 

SYKES 

John .Amis writes: 

Your obituary of Christo- 
Pner Sykes (December 10) 
contains a serious error. 

Certainty he put his know- 
®oge of music to good use in 
a*|n8 as producer ofthe BBC 
The Birth of an Opera 
out me pmorarnmoc nnt 






S' 


professor Dominica LeSSJ- 
Pereonal Professor of French 
/ Anglo-Norman stupes) at 

died on December 10. at we 

^She vas one of a generation 
of eminent scholars who de- 
voted their lives to the anal>- 
sis of the civilization est- 
ablished in England in the 
centuries immediately follow- 
ing the Norman conquest 

Marv Dominica Legge was 
boraon March 26. 1905, and 
educated at Liverpool College, , 
Huyion. and at Somerville 
College. Oxford- 

After a distinguished under- 
graduate and postgraduate ca- 
reer. she took up an 
appointment in 193S m the 
French department at Royal 
Holloway College. 

She worked briefly at Uni- 
versity College. Dundee, and 
as a voluntary civil servant 
with the Board ofTrade before 
being appointed to Edinburgh 
in 1943. There she was made 
Reader in 1953 and given a 
persona] chair in Anglo-Nor- 
man studies in 1968. 

Dominica Legge combined 
the skills ofthe historian with 
chose ofthe historical philolo- 
gist and student of manners. 
Her major work. Anglo-No4 
man Literature and its Back- 
ground. showed these gifts to 
perfection, as did also her 
study. Anglo-Norman in the 
Cloisters. 

For generations of students 
she was an inspiration in 
finding a way to understand 
the medieval mind, in France 
as well as in England. By her 
colleagues and friends she was 
also appreciated for her ability 
to illustrate, on the viol, how 
medieval music might have 
sounded. 

Her scholarship was recog- 
nized by election as a Fellow 
of the Royal Historical Soci- 
ety. as an honorary Fellow of 
Somerville College and by the 
award from the French gov- 
ernment of the Palmes 
Academiques. 4' 

She was unmarried. 


Programmes were not, 
wor£ u stMe ’ entireI y ** o™# 


oanftr,-.-. 




me 


Source: Icarus, vol 68, na&e 
I87 > 1986. *** 


—5® senpts and choice of 
the work ofthe 
“fo nanus Hanunehnann, 
,< *® a originated the 
rwf’ bfe co-writer Mi- 
S?ael Rose, who edited the 
rousic to particular. 

Sykes left 

with h J ? 6 561165 continued 
Wlth Hallam Tennyson 


•1,0 . 


■V- 




producer. 


as 


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Dica Legg-j. 
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i*. *- 


THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


jojH u 9 < J 



BIRTHS, MARRIAGES DEATHS PERSONAL COLUMNS 


And GM DM wlor aw«» mi 

HMir aw tad Ifajm- Sta taS225 
dram, nenn sorrow _?* mer » 


I BI RTHS | 

WWttS - On December i9n< 
Famtarawota hosnftaLw s^TmS 
Wendy, a nauBhttrTAaW 

. BAfflACLWOt On December Jim 
to Julie and Andrew^Sn^^- 

' B ! 4r ',°?.. P ecgnTto ~ *«*. to Edbt- 
burtfu to Brenoa cnee Matkavi amt 

%?&*"*'* amm 
B8WGES - On Decanter 13th mar. 
atHomenon Hospital, la Kto S 
CMBmWnu and Nick. a tUugw? 
AMre Onrwitine. ^ 

B&OWK ■ On Deamter idin. to Davu 
and OHIy Otoe Faraon) 

■ _ Thoma s wiBlam. aon * 

BBOWM * on December ts. 19 ha » b 
. carottw mte Mamwi 

son- Edward Jamn QtovaiBer 
BraOwr tar Tom and 

■- BUBMIB -On December I3th M 

* Kingston HitottaL to Sosan (n&e 

i. MtGurtj and MtohaAa son 

t .. B enedict I 

CAMPBELL - On Decanter IZth. to I 
Annabel and AlasUtr. a son I 
NicnoLK. [ 

CAMP - On December 15th. tyefi, to I 
Lynda and Brian, a son. David I 
•'■ Edward. j 

- WMWjrai 'On December lath, in I 
Auckland. New Zealand, to 1 "nt~;r I 
and Nlcboias a sot Thomas I 

M«N • On December 9di. to Peter I 
and Susan (nte Stanl^i a daughter I 
Francesca, a stetar for Miranda! I 

DRAKE ■ See Barradough. 1 

' PARSER - On December 8th 1986. to { 
Sara (nee Thomas) and Martin, a son I 
Benjamin Owen John, a brother for I 
Oliver. I 

OS«u* - On December 8th 1986. to 1 

Judlt/i owe Walker) and Peter, a son I 

Ch ristopher James. f 

FRENCH - On November 18th. at Lou- l 
Is* Margaret HosoUai. to patty unto I 
Harper) and Christopher, a son Alex- I 
ander Charles. I 

■ CtLLEM * On December loth, at st I 
Luke's. Guildford, to Fiona (nte I 
Moore) and Jonathan, a son 1 
Benia min. | 

“ GREGORY -On December 9th J 986.(0 I 
Ann and Bill, a daughter Susan I 
Lesley. | 

. . HEATH -On December 14th. in Yewrtl. I 

to Laura (nee ChaUtsi and Jantoz. a { 
daughter Katarzyna Clare. J 

KIRBY - On December But. to Clare I 
mto MorttzV and Stephen, a son I 
- MaxUnlOlan (*Max*j BalsfortL I 

' LAMARQUE - On December 7th. in I 
Hong Kong, to Emma (nee Primrose) I 
and Wintam. a son. Victor George. I 
MACLEOD - on December iSUi. to I 
Emma uwe Jacobs) and Stuart, a son I 
Thomas Benjamin, a brother for 1 
Same. I 

MtLHER-GULLAND on December 
15Ut. at Cucksftetd Hospital. to Anna I 
tnee Fraud) and Nick, a son. Toby, a 1 
L bro t her for Kale and James. . I 
HOSENST1EL - On December 10th. to I 
Cambridge, to Jaye (nto MlddMom | i 
and Colin, a daughter Katharine I 
. Margaret 3 

ROUND-TURNER • On December 14th. 
in Brussels. to Belinda tnee Oreenley) I 
and Nigel, a son. 

ROWAN - On December 6th. at Queen I 
Mary's. Roehampton. to Cathy and | 
Charles a son. a brother far Nicholas J 
WILLIS - On December 13th. 1986. at I , 
Queen Charlotte's Hospital. 
Hammersmith, to Ruth and Steoben. I 
a eon. James Anthony d'Anyers. I 
wrnUfKTDN-WRAY - On November I 
28th 1986. to Detrorah and Dennis, a ( 
daughter. Alexandra Denise. j 

SILVER II 

ANNIVERSARIES | | » 

FLETCHER: JENKINS -On 16 Decent- I 
ber 1961 at SL Giles' Church. I 
Oxford. Tony to Arlene. 3 Tlw I 
Glade. Welwyn Garden Clly. Hens I 
ALB TUG. j ( 

| DE ATHS 1 1 

'ALL COCK - On December 1 4th 1986. f 
suddenly and peacefully at. Russet I . 
Cottage. Corfe Castle. John Gladding I 
Major (Jim). OB-. formerly Chief In- I ’ 
spector Mtmstry of Education, aged 1 
8i. beloved husband of EOeen. very I 
dear father of John and Jenny, low* I “ 
mg granTer of Fiona. Angus. Cure. J 
Peter. Arabella and Oliver and much I 
loved brodier-ln-uw of Jack- Funer- I 
alfamity only. Metnoriak Sendee will I 
be announced later. J 

AUGUST . On Decanter 13th 1986. 
peacefully at home In Cheltenham. 1 
Maior John Charles Wesley August | g 
M.Q.E. aged 82 yean tlale Welch I 
RegU husband of Barbara, hither of I 
Christopher. David. Graham and { 
Adrian. Funeral service at Chetten- J 
ham Crematorium on Friday I 
December 19th at 2-30pm. Flowers I 
may be sad to SeHm Smith and I 
CoChellenham. I- 

BELL- On Decanter 13th 1986 peace- I 
fully In the Bath dime Mary Emily. 1 . , 
widow of Gerald duties of 3 Clan. 1 u 
House. Sydney Rd. Bath. Loved | 
mother of Sally and dear grandmoth- I . 
« of Caroltne. Andrew. Victoria. I , 
Charles, and Edward. Funeral ser- I 
vice SL SwJUUns Church. Compton [ 1 

Basse tL on Thursday Decanter I8th I LU 
at 12.00 noon. Family flowers only I 1 
but donations may be sent to The I j> 
Bath Cancer Unit Support Fund. I 5 
Royal Uirtied Hospital. Bath. I C 

BLACKMAN - On December 12th. I a 
Lewis Blackman, al home, aged 82 I p 
years. • fi 


fir" 
?=' - ; . 


r u 

' » J* 

Alette 

lo 

>>.55 

. 1 

. . 

; ~ " ciorai 

CCfij. 

r 1 
a 

. in** 

ho* 

' ■"'KSUOjJj 

V;; 

- - ." 

“ * ’■ •■-j 1 * 5 . 

- 


: -c;sv 

1 

:i‘j.nds 

oosed 


WarrvKia* He wtown Hospital. 

a short “tneas- PhyL 
® utt teved mother of nm ann 

VM^whw of wimam Sd hJS? 

™nerat servtoe at WosceSr S 
D ecember 18th at lT3> 

- Oo peesmber 12th 19B& 

Fo«* Oaks Nursing 
Brioved^S 
? Wffltem and deer 

J®®f-A»mt and g«| a uni. Private 
£££»• family flowers only, no 

C SS^C2? , ^S ce " l * er 1201 ,98s - 

Christie agM 07 j^on. be- 
gggdto^p dof tte tee Jane Mm 
^toeto^Cnchriau. tear tetter of 
u » and Shrilu and mus ioim 
srandfather of toTiLxa^f*£m 

iisaitsifi' “«“«"• 

'SoSssrjX’S 

SAaa °* n 

BS. Private funeral, no flowers but 
dajwuons k desired to the injured 
Jockey* Fund. Wdwyn. Herts 

°“ J20» *986. peace- 

Bdbr at Charing Crass Hospltm. 
Barbara Dorothy (widow of Glynl. 
Muehed loved mother of RegeriGra- 
tem and Peter and nana of George. 
Holbr. Briony. Alexa. Carath and 
MatUiew. Funeral service Monday 
thco te 8 2nd st 12 noon at Croy- 
don ■ Crosaittlum. Flowers or 
donations if desired to Cancer Re- 
search CantpaW). C/o Ebbutl 
Fju«na Service. 89 Mfeb Stroet. 
Croydon Ol -68a 5665 

■ on Decanter 13th. 
s«K*fuiyai the Royal Berkshire 
Hospl Pamela Joan only daugmer 
of toe late Brig. Harold ftoweu 
£ostand,CB.CBE. MC. TO. Ed. ana 
Cresland and shier of 
the late caoL Peter HaraM Crosund. 
Fimerai on Friday 19th December at 
a SL Paul's Highmoor. 
Family flowers only. 

CHUUCII - On December 10th 1986. 
suddenly at his home. Edward 
Charles Crouch beloved husband of 
Hetty and dearly loved falter of Pal. 
Beryl. Sylvia. Valerie. Edward and 
Robert, also a n ui ched loved grandfa 
ther and rather-BHaw. Funeral 
service at Charing Crematorium on 
Thursday 18th of December at 3pm. 
Flowers to Earl ami Co_ Albemarle 
Road. Ashford or donations to 
Ashford parish Church. 

DOWNES - On December 12th. sud- 
denly at home. Shritah Doreen 
Mary, of Browning Road. Fetcham. 
dearly beloved wire of George and 
mother of Julia. Frances. Giles and 
Nicholas. Regufem Mass at the 
Church of the Holy SpiriL Fetcham. 
on Friday December 19th at 12 
- noon. Followed txy cremation at 
Randalls Park Crematorium. 
Lealterhead. 

aumt - On Decanter 14th 1966. 
CoL Basil Gunnell OBE. MC. late 
Royal Warwickshire Regiment, 
dearest husband of Gay. and loving , 
father and grandfather. Cremation at 
Charing. Kent at 11-30 am Friday 
December 19th. No Bowers mease, 
but donations to The British Hewl 
Foundation. 

HADDOCK - On December i4th 1966 
. in hosjdlaL Rosalie Helen uwe Srn- 
f etair) of Hanoatocd Barnstaple, dear 
I mother of Rogan. Janet and Biddy. 
Loved grandmother. Service al St 
Janies Church. Swtmbridge. 1.15 
pm. Wednesday Decanter 17th fol- 
lowed by cremation. Family Bowen 
only. 1 

HOLE - On December 12th- at her 
home la Dorset. Joyce Margaret Hole 
widow of Tahu Ronald Hole. Funer- 
al servtoe wOl take place al u.00am 
on Thursday Decanter 18U). at the 
Church of SL Mary's. Iweme Min- 
ster. No flowers, please. 

HUNTER - On December 1 3th 1966. 
Mariocy Anne Kate. Beloved second 
daughter, of the fade Michael and F 
Margaret Hunter and dear sister of 
Michael.- Betty and Lindsey. Funeral 
Mteh nel c h urefi BKfcy. Noon Thura- L 
day December tarn. Flowers to 
. Dawe Bros^ US, WestfaUng SUeeL * 
Here/Wd. or donations if desired to 
St Michael* Qturch Fabric Fund. 

KEKMM - On December iSth. Jotui f 
Hamer of GieM House. Woodbridge. 
Loved by his temOy and Mends. Fu- ^ 
neral servtoe al SL Jofio^ Church on a 
Thursday Decanter 18th at Liam. 
Donations may be sent to The League 
of Friends. Ctebe House. 
Woodbridge. Suffolk. 


MAHONEY ' On December UttvaiSt I 
Whim Hospital. Sister Teresa 
Alphonse, of St Joseph's ConoenL 
Liaataraam Abbey. Staler of Si Jo- 
seph of Annecy. Real In Peace. 
Funeral Tuesday 16th December. 
RMidaa Mass. 3pm a* Uantamani 
Abbey Qiuren. Cwmbran. Owcsd. 
fooowed by intenaau. 

WnWFl - Oq December 12B. sud- 
denly at his home. 28 Fields Road. 
Newport. Gwent David Parry Mar- 
tin Michael C8E. dear hodtand of 
Mary, lamer <ti Christopher and 
grandfather or Nfchotoa and David. 
Funeral Thursday, service at SI 

Mark's Ouirch, Newport a* 2nt fol- 
lowed by cremation at Gwent 
Crematorium at 3pm. No flowon by 
reams, donations In tteu. If desired, 
may te nni to The Rev k Sharpe. St 
Mart's Vicarage. Newport, tor the St 
Mark's Restoration Fund. 


ANNOUNCEMENTS 


WAKEFIELD CERAMIC 
FAIRS. 

For cae vary Boot tn Aontras 
Parreum. Pottery A Cte vim me 
Finn London Ceramjei F*lr si the 
antedate MoteL LenMo Wl. 
Friday 9m January. 

12 nocp too pm, 
fiatunsny tom A Sunday lip 
January, liaauoaras. 

0634-723461. 

NMUW Fteatty wig Juki* a> 


FLATSHARE 


OBSmat uawwa wntaa Oat AH 
teuao Gerae*. 10 tea Tune, o/h 
P nrf MJF. N/S. XS5 p« art. T«l; Ol 
9M 6425 whVmmii 

FI fHm SOUTH Large floate room in 
tele lovtosed c/h borne to petvaflo 
sausre. Hauaeafkared with « other mar 
remrtenls. Cl 10 pan. DO Ol 623 6712 
(MUei/evaa OJ 673 tljl. 

KUtaruK max par n/. r. «twe 
2 two flBL o/r CH CTO pw lot Avan 
Jan "67 Tel 889 8889 cal 2! 3 day. 794 
1447 1 ■anteui 

FLATMATES Setecu v * Shadag. Wed 
aub lu oo dun ery tennee. Phe M for 


OVERSEAS TRAVEL 


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£868 


KQKBI-Ou December llth. peaceful- e££Smm brS 
ly in UckfWkL Sima. EUxateth oSKi»ae DWM 

Estho-tBettyL in ner 93rd year. Wid- 
ow Of Oceftrey Miskln of Btodsd- » — - ... . . 

taimerty widow of Edwin Pritchard 1 Rnmtluvc ffi 

of China and Horn Kona. Reautam I BUIInUAYa | 

Mass at St Phillip's Roman Cbtbohc 

chiurt) uckflekL on Monday 2Qnd coe - tony two aeon ms ho mn ju- 


Rttlad. Pto, Carl or Suna or anyena aoe •: 01 409 6m. »iS Bromtwxi 

fcoowtag the lamtiy or their wtMre- Boaa. 8W3 

SS5? l J!%SSSS.9 ,,n *“ 0, ' <oa raw. Cm. own morn m loaurv Itst. tv. 
0O3« or owemas onm mans Wn. Swt Cormu- 

MM w| iQ mr t PUM3ULA n~> £9 Ml 03 «an* £46 pw tadtMve. 
from the Bmut) HumanM am? 0l ‘ 4Sl ** 41 - 
Ourntyi 13 Prince of wales Tare wb. I gp i ENKAM 2 Prof f i 10 share no in 

rj niin ne c rwvu rtrnm aw CAl baa K2S pp pw ad. Easy 

q SE BSbS 5«toV watttoo. Dovtd K(B acy * w/Efid OX 609 4712 


SVQNEY 

PERTH 

AUCkUMl 

BAKOlCK 

SWSAHB6 

hOMkAmg 

DELHI/ 

90U8AV 


cnuBtto 

■Minn 

AmnG 

LOU 
SiffVk 
STAM8UL 
NEW VDRK 
LOS AHCELES 


December al 11.30am followed by «** Hovaejdro. Priaay. Tamar ate 

burial in St Margaret's church yard- ■ Aiut . . . . 

Buxted park. Cut flowers if desired *??? >**!* »» 

may be sent to Fuller and Scan Fu- SwaTH Zri iovo a 

nnol Directors. The waketyra. 

UCkfteM 3241. ■ - ■ ■ . k 


MUSCUtAVE - On December 12 Ul 
D eocefuQy at home after a tang to- 
ntss. aged 87. nmniiltl beloved 
husband of Betty and latter of Mick. 
David and Julia. Funeral Service ai 


SERVICES 


arena aty 6 W/tM 01 609 4712 

CUtPUAM fri— AMMf/RAT Tl ■ LTA 

Shan hMM. own large room. £46 pw. 
Prof only Tri: 01-228 0031 
WL smad room in lot wtmaeie St fbL 
a/r to share wHh 4 otas. £46pw 
Phare Trt 486 7331 lortgw 
WEST HMPtTUD - prof ifesnale to 
mare me. at pw art. Trt no 07) i 

M 242. 

quota CLUB CDNS prof roll, dbto 
bed tn lux 3 ted mansion flBL C&6 
pw exrt. TeL- 0963-53469 


RENTALS 


uw Comroon 5 bed . 2 turn CCH | 

c a i . wr CVS Ltd ad t a k ta i ntmeu- unfurniuMd 1240 a w Famuy or com 
D on vttar oonacjux Datada; 01631 panv ler only uaurt rew. no BELL 
ate. BON gt CO 228 4116 

WBWMDMUP, torn or Manage AO ageo. 

OaMm Dot «Q16l 20 AOlnetea 

^ t —" »*■ T* 01 930 101 . B ?^n 

r«»p hMik nun wKitu wun » 

■ 6 «««. atrunp on Com CSOO p ~ 

WANTED I tel 370 2037 


S h ^ ch - D * s ^! m0f!r i!f h 'J ifl I «!Aumw CVS LM profosrtome etimev 
3.16pm. No flowers by reguest, but I uan vttac ooeunaenia. "■“» 01-A31 
donations to Royal Brttrth Legion. I Ate. 


OLLEY OnDKember 13th 1966. sud- 
denly at home. Dennis, aged 68 
years, reemuy of The Times, greedy 
mote by hts family and all ins 
(newts Service on Friday 19th De- 
cern Dec 1 16 pm at St. Margaret's 
Churm. Station Road, Edgware and 
bunai at Carpenters park Cemetery. 
Oxhey Lane Flowers to Sydney 
Hurry. 116 Bunn Oak Broadway. 
Edgware- 


wanted 


AUSmtAUAN Art wanted by ornate 
Mirer mnumB by iradins AuOatian 
arOM*. mo Pern. Wiutotey. WDnoine. 
Herman mtc Tel: (773081 6237. 


• On December 10th. peace WAMTOI Uwteun. vtrtonan and at) 
tally in hospital. Phil aged 76. Of 28 Knmra rumdure Mr Aenton 0| 947 
Wed Siren. Straiford-uporeAvon cute ,667469 Ganati Lae. CarMlea. 
Widow of SKtney. yovngesl ststar of j, !™. Larttr vl , 

S^^2SS ,nctoaw “ lwMMro oS?™ 3 iSSoita w * n SSSt 

or O^ris and Ba. nmuhnw i ur«. bureau* a 00 oatntmae 

SPENCE - On December 12th 1986. etc 01 946 7683d a»0t 789 0*71 rvre. 

Joyce Coggin after almost 46 years utmu««d wma needs own 
of happy marriage to CMln Sinclair 25"- T davn,t * on » > - 

Spence, deceased on 22nd May -/.V; ”!, 0 827 ^ , 

1986. Service at St Margera's. SSL “ y 

Ataiaby on 19th December « 10.46. °««tu. Pnore evreungs. 488 9866. 

followed by cresnaUou at Wood- f -T..." 'k 

lands. Scarborough- NO Flowm. I FOR SALE | 

TALBOT • On December 13th. Joan TMmMHMaarereaJ 
Dorothy, af the Friary, SL Cross. 

Wtnchesier. aged 81 . wife of toe tale 

jSStt Cta£i wto YOU’LL BE FLOORED BY 

OUR PRICES AT 

ITU* all 1.46 am. followed by prt- RES 1ST A CARPETS 
vale cremation. No flowers please. wicanders tuaritfie oomrsi core dm. 

TROTT - On December 12th. peaceful- uaremely nant woruipiteoertinan. 
ty Arthur 1««»W «te Rs unm ev an tow £8 96 per sq ys + vu. 
tarmeriy ofPlytnouth. betovedhS Sd^S rt i» ? SS 

tend of O snsupc e. Funeral service. . 

Woking Oetnaforiun SL John's. homr or ortire. £4.76 per aq yd * va. 

.Thursday December 18th at Fiut ine urpest setoedon of piais car- 

lUSOam. All enquiries Tel: 04862 PNtn0 *" London. 

61754. 648 Fuowro Road sws 

MM - On December 14th. after a » Hraenrec* Hat Haroaresad nwb 
courageous Ogttl against leukaemia TeW) 1-794-0 139 

in toe Royal Marsden HospuaL Sut- Fnf , mu, 

ton. John, deeply loved by his wife Free Esamfrs rspwt mans 

Jean. Ids children Margaret. Catber- 
ine. Clare. Barbara. Dominic and 
Stephen and his grandchildren Mai- 

SSSe^^^P^TS WEDDING SUITS . 

t g n trti 19th ai SI Maiys. S u rrs w d ea Duincr Sutu 

Road. BriRiiqo. Followed by private Evraroo tbu Suns 

cremation, family Bowen only, but Swpiui 10 hire 

It desired donations to. rqui bargains from rTn 

Marsden Hospital Appeal or Save toe 

Fun * UPMANS HIRE DEPT 

WILKIIfS . On December 12th peace- 22 Charing Crtm Rd 

tally al her home in wimoicdon. London wc? 

Dorothy Winifred, widow of Herbert w L « C ** CT sg lube 

Frederick, a dearly loved stater, auni. 01 -240 2310 

v«at sum and great great aunL Fu- — - — . — — — 

neral service at Clmst Church. Copse 

H81. SW20 al 2.46pm on Friday De- — C Mnim aoudoa- grant mm. on 
camber I9lh followed by cremation etna. Rerewood. ennunAir. cxreaeai 
U Putney Vale. Flowers to F W MnmM.fSiOO.TdiOBnuOM6 
Paine. 6 Goombe Lane. 5W20. — — — — — 


FDR SALE 


YOU’LL BE FLOORED BY 
OUR PRICES AT 
RES1STA CARPETS 

WkandereteaaUtol oatwal core tore. 
Uoranely hard waring Die be* mon- 
ey can tow £8 96 per ag yd 4- vai. 
Merakaton vfftra pile rereel 14 Plato 
mloun. BUM to underlay 12- w toe 
from dccl 7 year wear guarani— tor 
home or ofikv. £4.76 per m yd ♦ vu. 
Plus ihe largest —taction of Halo ere- 
pNtog In London. 

648 Fidtiom Rood SW6 
207 Haventock HUt Harapoteod NWS 

TeL-01-79+0139 

Free Estlmateofxpcn Fitting 


WEDDING SUITS 

Dinner Suits 
Evening Tan Suns 
Surplus lo hoe 

BARGAINS FROM £30 

LIPMANS HIRE DEPT 

22 Charing Cross Rd 
London WC? 

Nr Letreslcr Sg lube 
01-240 2310 


BBSNB1BBI Bouddr grand piano. M 
(un. R a—wood. immaculate, cxreoenl 
MrumeM. £8606 Tel iOB5T) 640346 


OUT P EA. Line. 9/ t einuui audio nai tn 
tody mmk FoUnaji gbto bed An- 
bduc furniture new carpets Ku new 
teUieia. Avail, now. £«6pw 3S 9081 

CHCLXA SWS Brand newlt turn and 
dee 2 ote rial wdh rKer views mur 
rem» bam teg ctnab nt (U kn ♦ au 
apMv comm gdn and a'kmo £3oo 0 *• 

F W Capo Ol 221 063B 

CHELSEA SWS 4 bed tvxne 2 balh. ' 
lounge dining room Wtrtiefl. uuuts All 
machine! £32Sow Tel 01 »88 2624 

F W CAPf 1 Management Servlcm. Lid re- 
Oinre properties in Central. South and 
WMI London Areas tor waiting an on 
radii rel 01 221 8838. 


HENRY A 1AMIS Contort tn now an 01 
236 8861 tor Die Ds« selection of 
furnished Ran end bouses to Tens to 
KnWMtondge. Cheioea and KensvwMn 

Wl - 2 mtoa Oxford B OcUOhltal ige 1 
bed balcony flM o'tooldnB oar den 
Square. CH. fully furn. £160 pw. TelOl 
936 3393. 


AVAILABU HOW Losory ftaB 6 houses 

g? 0 .^* 00 ^ w *“»- 


nm Iff Town hse. 4 beds. 2 bants. 2 
races®. UL.pana. Cola. CSOOp.w. TEL 
: BB1 6828 

WE8Y __ End ten. properties avaiL 
shorvtoriB term. From £12&£iOOo pw 
Ring Ol 4S3 461 1 

AMERICAN EXECUTIVE Sta to 
flai/houw up to CdOOpw usual fees 
reg PhUbre Kay 6 Lewis South or ine 
Parti ChetM office Ol ISJ 81 • 1 or 
- Norm w me Pres Reoenrs Pars office 
01 68b 9082 


HEREFORD 80 W ; wr--.- -iwlor A or* 
hour. Ucvurn-u ,— 1 , . 1 , oe< •»«■«,! i 

rereps 4 balm r»i * Iml lurmiy 
house CSOO p w ui-u.-ihw 1 Sutouiul 
727 1271 


KERMHOTON wa Beaidilul unfurnished 
3 bed flai in luxury punerra otocs Map 
rateeni views Totally rnurboned All 
aew carnets, certain* and machine* 
£460 p w me CWW * or Bticnanaas 
361 7767 


WASdMfiTIM BN.MQ8E 

TRAILFINDERS 

42-48 Eads Corel Road 
Lcodoa Wf 6EI 

OPEN 9-6 MON-SAT 

Long-Haul 01-957 9631 
and 01-605 ISIS 
EurweASA 01-937 6400 
lil/Btolneas 01-968 5444 

Cosernmenl UdensedJBendad 
ITA IATA ATOL/1458 


★AIL FLIGHTS BONDED* 

♦♦save fs rs £•*♦♦ 

♦ ★TOURIST CLASS** 

★ ♦CLUB CLASS** 

♦ ♦1ST CLASS** 

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» SVIINF> * * 

• PlFrH * * 

• HnN-11 t • 

•IN Hi*. * * 

• «■ 1 »n\D * * 

• •- ■ >r « e 

• b^M.AUK • * 

• MM.*KlRt • « 

• t» b-tl * * 

• mid f«rr * * 

• LL"N*KA * • 

• rr*nATO • * 

• I ASOEiES * * 

• ( tllWLLN * • 

* ■ SOLTH AMDI 
• ISA • I SA * L*S 

SUNWORLD TRAVEL 

(EM'iI (469) 

» Srwih St Epuan Surrey 
m«2T .’’iJWMWChlR/ 
2SMS(248U<2MR7 


CHRISTMAS SALE 

Tmente 23JK> Dec £149 
January £129 
Lanzaroie I Jan £159 
8 16.2? ton £125 
Nice 19.22.26.29 Dec £129 
Jan £99 

EURO EXPRESS 

AM 2159 

Reservations 0295 T756S6 


DISCOUNT FLIGHTS 



TOP DECK FLIGHTS 
01-373 3391 


TRAVEL 

WORLDWIDE 

Gwti torn mf Mtare an 
RftcW Img tart EmTcosrl 
PCTBASP&C UH ISf * OJJBTQTMtUSA 
1037271 4£59 

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UHico^aoMihmQjniDE 

£3777)42738 

•footer h (he hstui if Tmi & Taaran 

Tiwte teunoce SpaaMt 


UP UP & AWAY 

Natrow. Jo’Boro. Cairo. OubaL 
mabui. Stogaporo. x.1- Dcfld. 
BMMM k. Hans Kong. Sydney. 
Motor®. Bogota. Caracas. 
Europe. & The Amreicas. 

Flamingo Travel 

76 shanc&ry Avenue 
London W1V 7Da 

01-439 0102/01-439 77S! 
Open Saturday 10.00-23.00 


TENERIFE- 19/12 Deeto: ind neb tn 
Puerto 6 LM Omttnoa. Ol 836 4681 
Adpando. ATOL 1216. 


WINTER SPORTS 


SKI SUPERTRAVEL 
SPECIAL XMAS OFFER 
20 DEC FROM £149! 

Canercd chalets in the log rtsotu 

abet dates £30 oB! 

01 $84 $060 

Phoot our NEW SNOWUHE cat 
01 584 01 74 for the latex enow reports 

JUST FRANCE - Super value relf catering 

Rd ooiioart in Ite tea French naonp. 

Ring for new brochure now. 

Tel 01 789 2S92. 

ASTA 69266 AM 13S3. 


VAL D9SCRE Outer (or IO. 21at-28th 
February. Beat mow. rrtme week - but 
we earn 9M WA) Miuonr late it over? 
Superb bargain. Tel Ol 627 1004 ten* 
or 01 236 6681 evening. 


ILK. HOLIDAYS 


BHRHTHAB/HEW YEAR, Cotownld 
stone comoa stem A warm and peaeo- 
taL TEL; 0666 52476 


INSTANT FLAT. Lnxrey Serviced Ken- 
stntocr. Fhetifa from £326 pw Hteg 
Town House Aoneem srz 3*33 


DOMESTIC & 
CATERING SITUATIONS 


E XP gR R M C E O COOK tor smofl EteOte- 
■toffed hotel in French Ski Resort. Tat 
Ol 751 7909 


PUBLIC NOTICES 


The an num re Bend hotoen is Wrectod 
to me aaverUamanl which Rwre in mmi 
raww* 3001 Swartw. 1966, ro- 
(tanlli 4 1 Bonds or Hs Loan drawn tor 
redemption on atst December. 1986. ro- 

SdSL? JfiPaSta" 

'srssgi 

M Wtoft London. CC2R «OU. MM on 
toe Items provided between IM hours of 
ittto to. and 2p.m. They must te left at 
MSI f ive de ar daw lor axandnsnmt prior 
to paymenL 


OirouoB toe post. 

16th December 1996 
THE BANK OF TOKYO LTD 
LONDON 
(Fiscal Ausnjj 


PARLIAMENTARY 

NOTICES 


IN PARLIAMENT 
SESSION 1906-07 

MASONIC TRUST FOR 
C»LS AND BOYS 

NOTICE IS HERESY GIVEN tore anpti- 
canon ta been made to Psruamenl in me 
present Session by the Royal Masonic 
tostituuoo tot Bows and toe Royal Maunc 
■ratUutltei for Gbb Uiermiafler referred 

to as me “the btat!tuaam“) for leave lo 
mbredore a BID (heretoaner reterrea torn 
"Jw BUD under aw above name or snort 
title tor Purposes or wtnen me rouowim re 
a concise aanunary - 

i* 1 TBj ranafar property of the iiotctu- 
oons to TTOstoes of me fdasonlc Trim for 
and Bon Hareefnaftar referred to a 
The Trutfi: 

I® Tb provide far the transfer ol nnoo- 
itim or me halttuiiotM. the savma for 
owrtmonls. owards. OB wna eta. deeds. 
ocUpns etc., to the Trite and the construe- 
Bon tn favour of the Ttoh of bequests 
mads In favour of 4nw of Bo 



0/W 

Rtn 

Sydney 

£490 

£785 

Aocfcbod 

£480 

£773 

Lot Angles 

£168 

£336 

JoHtt 

£*W 

£490 

Beasiok 

mn 

£360 

RiO 

£M0 

£570 


SKI WEST. NOtWOfferiDg superb Christ- « 5 

mas specials ip France and SwunertsM. mi 

SAVE uu to £200 tor depa. On 20/27 lain 
Dec. 01 785 9999. 5? 


LONDON FLIGHT 
CENTRE 
01-370 6332 


DISCOUNTED FARES 

Return Return 

JO 0t7R<3<HAR c*65 OOUALA £420 
*•*061 £390 STDMfY £760 

C.SIR0 £230 AUCKLAND £785 ~ 

UAOOS £360 HONG KONG £550 

D€L,MMB*f £350 MIAMI £330 

BANGKOK £350 AND MANV MORE 
AFRO ASIAN TRAVEL LTD 
162/108 RMsi Si. Vri 
IB. Cl-43rB255^7/B 
Law 6 Group BOOkwns W&como 
AMEX/VISA ACCES5/DWERS 


I FUNERAL i 

ARRANGEMENTS - | 

STIIDD - vanoB Robots- Monday Dc- 
cemhec 22tid at U.15 am ■! Holy 
Trinity Church. Perm. Bucks. 

I MEMORIAL SERVICES I 


KIRKWOOD - On December 1301 
1986. Sftn toenedleurj. wifo of the 
late Dr. Wimara Douglas Kirkwood. 
In tier 95th year. Am and gener- 
ous friend to many. Funeral at St- 
Mark's Church. Peasiake. Thursday 
December I8W al 1 1.46am. followed 
by private cremation- Family flowers 
only, donations If desired to SL 
Mark's Church. Peasiake. 

IXfittE - On Wednesday December 
10th. peacefully In Oxford. Professor 
Mary Dominica Legge. sister of Mtao 
RP. Harry and the late Miss C.M. 
Legge. A manorial service will be 
arranged. 

LU M9 PPI - On Friday December 
iam. John. B-Sru. C.CHEM. 
MJJ S-C-. F-ENC-. M4.M-M- Funeral 
Service at Truro Crematorium. 
Cornwall on December 18th al 1020 
am. Donations, in lieu of Dowera. 
please to The Children In Need 
APpeaL 

Archaeology 


BELL - DOdre EUzabetti. laneriy of 42 
Watson Crescent Edbfaagb. sod- 
daily In Cheshire. Memorial Service 
at St John the'Evangeitai Church. 
Lothian Road. Edinburgh an Friday 
19th December at 1pm. 

OHM * CURVES - A Service of 
Remembrance and ThankssJvkig for 
the lives and work of Canon Robert 
Grtnbam. O.B.E. and Maurice Fraser 
Carver win be held ai noon an Satur- 
day 10th January 1987 In Uie 
Chapel of Kehte C ottage. Oxford. 

^^^motiam-pwvattQ 

COWARD - Sir Nod. Remembered 
wim love on his birthday. Graham. 
Joyce and Joan. 

RUTCWOk - Sandy Alexander Laing. 
December lbfh 1986. my deepest re- 
spec tand admiration forever, wooe- 

HinctKON - Sandy Alexander Latng. 
December i6Ui 1986. My deepest re- 
spect and my deepest admiration for 
ever. wmie. 

•Wl I 6 Lira - Yvonne, aged 18. our 
adored and only daughter, tragtasfly 
taken Bom us. 16tb December 1980. 


MH8HTB OF NETTLmn Annual wfntw 
tee •» raptica and raproourtitin furni- 
ture . comraance* sjumbp. ZTto 
Deevmbcr. NMUeted. near Henley on 
TT wnw i tOtei) 641118, Beunmuoutfi 
29368a Berkeley. Nr MM 
104S3T 1010962. Toprham,- Nr Exetor 
>059287)7443: Readtaa (0734)681731. 

PWfY rT EMS 8V OU R READING 
SHOWROOMS W PRICE OR 1E8S. 


1* T*** 081 4-19061 TBO Xmagfvt 
paracone a an ortoia) issue dreed Kiel 
v«rv date toey were born- £11 96 (txvn 
free I870Y newspapeni YnttrdayY 
Hew*, os thuatonald Road. Gotwyn 
Bay- TeL 0492 631196/631303. 


FU6EST qoahty wool caryeto. At trade 
Prices and under, also avMable 100Y 
extra. Large room an remnaius under 
Mir normal price. Chancery Carvers 01 


FREE OTT wan every vtdte or TV 
botete or rented before Xmo from 
Tops. 91 Lower Soane SI. SWI. 730 
0933 


SEATmoKRI BOH ttrtcra tor aU BBW- 
nf evente Our rttente nduM meet 
mplar ro m pvmj . CredU carta bcctpSsd. 
01-830 1678. 

SMOKED SCOTTISH SALMON from only 
£1326 pp Xmas del gto Oearwater 
Prod oca rp. East Hcndred Ox do 0X12 
BLN (02361 855798/732/082 anytuw. 

THE T IMES 1788-I888. Other ones 
avail. Hand bound ready for presenta- 
tion - also “Sundays". -C12.SO 
Re member When. Ol 688 6523 

TICKETS FOR ANY EVENT, Phantom. 
Call, strehghi Exp. Chess. Let Mb. Ad 
theatre and .tocra. Tel: 8316616/828- 
0496.AXX / Visa / Omen. 


BAOhtm WALK SWS Stunmng unfur. 
ported newly carpeted 3 bed period 
house dose In Skuw 6auere 8 recepa. 
2 halite. 2 root birain. filled kitchen. 
Available now caso p w. Buchreiaa 
561 7767 


CBEPOHD ROAD, W2 £66Qpw. Beauti- 
ful unlUnushed period hoare. Spadous 
rooms. 3 rerepa. B baa. 2 baths * atiwr 
super kn. CMw/ch. Can. Norung Hm 
Office 01221 3500 


HWHBATE MLLAGE, MB Stunning mod 
house Id 9 tort rd. beautifully furn. 3 
beds. bath. Igr rereo. exert kit A>7asl rm. 
9teL tgo. Avail now Hsphgale Office Ol 
341 9091. 


1 FH1IH Q T PH . Lux. ige 2 OH. bed. 
toast return. New hi. bath, fuuy fur- 
“*•* Sun family or 2 rouates- £250 
pw. Evca/weepauds: 602 6646. 


8LOAMC *a Snpu newly det Pen* hse. 2 ; 
dbl beds. 2 bains. Ige recev m>. naicony. 
klL wnn all mono. CH. cotour T.v. cn 
let £3lO pw Tff. 684 6601 


ST JOHNS 81000 studio omen rial now* 
plan fining room/toirnm/itiMM-Mi 

arra/hrdroom PaUo. |ua> 

cenrai nrubng Xtll per — — t— mi 
624 4022 


AMERICAN BANK uraemn reg,,,,— m. 
ury rtab/haiaas. Owlv. kmim. 
bridge Brtgravte areas Lni ■ L, co 
pw Burteta Estate Agents Ml Si io 


OttLSEA SW3 Spacious trendy tertgners 
studio in p*9i location off Kings road 
Aviatable now tor tong let. LieO p.w 
Buchanans 01 961 7767 


LOWEST FARES 

Parts £69 N YORK £271 

Frankfurt £60 LA/5F £361 

Lagoa ..£320 Miami C32C 

Nairobi £326 Singapore £42C 

Jo 7) ury £460 Bangkok £331 

Cairo £206 Katmandu CAM 

On/Ban _ £355 RanpoOO £351 

Hong Kiaig £610 Calcutta ' £42 1 

Huge Discounts Aval an bHrtMOto 

SUN & SAND 

21 SwaBow SL London Wl 
01-459 2100/457 0657 


■room - Tenerife 19/23/30 DecJr 
■C278PP C Canaria 22 Dec ♦ £288pp. 
Olber dales - deals on request. Bonanza 
HON (02021 298844 O0L ATOL 231- 


HtilWTIUU OH Otabts/boti to Eu- 
rope. lsa 6 most acstmanoM. 
Diplomat Travel: 01-730 2201. ABTA 
IATA ATOL 


WORLD NIK ra WIB We teat any 
fare to any desunauoo m the worm. 
NEVER KNOWINGLY UNDERSOLD. 
EALING Travel 01 579 7776. ABTA 


ET8 SaKtokb N York £220. LA/San 
Fran 1329 Sydney /Melbourne £769. 

am m>rn dally flktots IUVUtr 130 
•— "»»n Slreel.Ol 839 7144 


arete art beat spcoaustb. world 
•■a-ri Centre. Ol 878 0146 ABTA. 
IAI o 


Median. 3 double teds. Mm/brenvor. 
oictww cook, garaee. Jan 31 - Ftb 14. 
Ring Ol 730 8613 Monday - Friday. 


DfHTT BOOH a au hotiday unm you've 
rend our informative brochure, teen 
overwhelmed m> me value 6 stunned by 
OM Special Offers 6 FREE CMS Piocna 
(even on Xmas A NY i Ski Freedom Ol- 
741 4680/4471 t24tirsl & ManctusHr 
061-236 0019 1AM 4321. 


VAL DSSERE. Ttgnea 6 Ln Arts. Xma» 
aval lability catered oub/enrert- Hod 
days OP return air. only £j66pp. 
LwnLted avaHabiHty New Year SH Vti 
01-200 60BO.i2*IUSI Ol 905 4444. 


CHAMmtV. Ponce du Sotirt. 2 apis 
avail. S5ps ». laUormatie holidays. Dto- 
nuns up to 30*1 tor Oh 6 Jan. Ol 736 
6611. 

MO ICOTT DUML Exclusive cholaf hoti- 
stw. Oampery. Pons* dp 8MM. No 
Stothargss. Discounts now for Xrare 
thro' January. Call nowt 0489 S77839. 
8MMNMLD Xmas/N. Year Hols Bon £99 

TAKE ADVANTAflE of us ln January 
Vsrtdre: VBlarp. Martort. M^e~^i 
l*» Atata. Ol 60S 9766. 

ONLY C178ss ao Dec. Lovely catered 
chaler Pdrtes du Soled. Sat TolaL <0933 
231113- 

*141 mean. Oeuy to cm™ znrtcti. 
Munich air. From £59. SRI WEST. Td 
Ol 785 9999. 


On and after the 4th December 1986 a 
copy of the BID may te inspec te d and 
copies thereof obtained m tor price of 60p 
per copy re the offices of M om . Oavsr. 
Fulton A Rankin. 80 Bedford Street. 
BdfSat BT2 7PW. the offten or Merer*. 
Bfogan Battle a Gifford, ws.. 3 
Ctenflnito Sneer. Edtnburgii. EH3 6YV * 
and at the offices of the uadennennoacd 
Parttamentary Agents. 

OMecnon lo the BU may be made by 
depmtiine a Petition apatnsl H to Ihe Office 
of Ute Oak ol the preilanienK. House or 
Lords, or ttir Private Btt Office of me' 
House of Commtais. Tne latest uie lor ihe 
deoosit of such a Herman tn the First 
Horae wm be tth Feorrasy lte? N Ore 
BUI Ortrenaus In the House ol Lords, or 
30Ut January 1987 If it ongmeins a the 
Horae or Commons. 

Further Information regarding the 
deposit of such a P etition may n* lOHatocd 
from either me Office of tiw Ctera m in» 
Partiamenis. House Of Loros dr the Pri- 
vate BUI omor of Om House of Commons 
or IM unoerroenuoMd Parnamenury 
Agents. 

DATED this 28th nay or Nfmemter 1906 
STONEHAM LANCTON 6 PASSMORE 
28 Htqn Street 
CMNefiurrt 
Kent BR7 GAS 
Souators 
SPEECHLV BtnCHAM 
Bouverie House 
* 154 Flest Strert 

Ltutdoo EC4A 2HX 
Sotictiora 

SHARPE. PRITCHARD A CO- 
Quean Anne's Chambers 
3 Dean Farrar sews 

Wmtmtow 

London SW1H 9JX 
Parliamentary Agents 


BLADON LINES 

CHRI5TMAB & JANUARY BARGAINS 

Chalet Parties 

VERB3ER MERISEL SAN VKsZLIO 
CRANS MONTANA VALD1SERE 
from 
£149 

SELF CATERING fTOm £99 

OX-783 3131 01-736 7771 

Chalet Parties SeW-Calertng & Hotels 

General Enquiries 01-785 220 G 

Manch Deps. ABTA 16723 

0422 78121 ATOL 1232 


The Sumerian way of death 


Archaeologicai work al the early 
Mesopotamian site of Abu 
Salabikh is reconstructing inner 
city conditions in 2500 BC. 


conducted their government 
business from their family 
homes, for without the tablets 
the building would have differed 


Although many Sumerian icin' only in size from an ordinary 
pies andsome palaces have been house. 


excavated, the lifestyle of the 
Sumerian man in the street 
remains almost nn kn own. 


In the nature of things the 
occupants have left little behind 
them at the successive 


Now, with' the exposure of rcbuiklings and relayings of the 
several acres on the surface of floors but fireplaces and ovens 


this one kilometre long mound, 
the plan of the city is gradually 
emerging, giving a plan with 
obvious similarities lo the cities 
of medieval Islam and western 
Europe: . . 

A city wail encloses tightly 


identify the domestic areas, and 
dean, thickly applied plaster the 
more formal rooms of the 
house, which doubtless saved 
for the conduct of "business. 
Ironically, though, after the 
inscriptions, it is the occupants’ 


packed houses in rectangular habit of burying their dead 
blocks separated by a network of beneath the floors that- tells us 


- J 


" main and side s t r e e t s . In the 
south-eastern quarter near the 
city, there lies an extensive 
' complex of rooms arranged 
- round courtyards, probably all 
belonging to a temple. It housed 
a huge library, and some admin- 
istrative documents in early 
cuneiform, and was evidently a 

major administrative centre. 

If one walked 50 yards up the 
street from here, one came on a 

large house which is being 
investigated in detail in an 
attempt to find our more about 
the private household. In recent 
years opinion has shifted from 
considering these early cities as 
• theocracies, governed in an 

; autocratic if benevolent way. by 


most about their lives. 

In the latest surviving phase 
of the house at least six bride- 
lined tomb chambers were 
accommodated beneath the 
floors of the rooms. Earlier, rt 
seems that the practice was 
rather less frequent, but made 
up in size for what it lacked in 
number: sunk neatly within the 
four walls of the open central 
courtyard of the house was a 
substantial hole, 2.50 metres 
deep, 5.30 metres in length and 
three metres wide. 

The h uman skeleton and 
most of the cpntents tod been 
robbed in antiquity, but on the 


theocraacs, ^vernea floCtf Qf ^ p j t at ope end we difficult lo see why they were 

autocratic if^^olen y^ y fouQ<J a ^usm- 0 f high quality included with the grave furaish- 

the pnesthood, to ; cwe lkry - ornaments in silver, unless they were fulfilling 

the rote of private property and ^ lazuli, rock aystal worldly function as 

households. gjyj cametiaiL One reason for its. draught animals. . 

New evidence from this house unU5Ua j size became cto when Nq ^ differs 

illustrates the existence or a ^ western end was emptied, oQ]y ^ dcgree fo m the inclu- 

vxular urban elite. Measun^ revealing tbe remams of at test $ioQ of a few j^pfe pots in a 

25 x 25 metres, it coidd baye twQ laj^c animals of ihe horse ^ tbe krichcn of 

accommodated a substantial an earlier bouse nearby; but it is 

household, and cuneiform t^ pneri ans* practice of ironic that one was found intact, 

documents found in ihe Dowe buiyilJ g raenJ bers of the family whereas the rich man’s bones 


could noi have stored such a 
volume in the small surviving 
strips along each side of the 
grave shaft, and one can only 
suppose that the earth was 
carried outside the house al- 
together, perhaps stored in the 
street 

The scene becomes even 
stranger when one envisages the 
arrival of some of the occupants 
of the tomb; presumably the 
animals were brought through 
the door from the street and 
manoeuvred into the grave one 
by one. Where/how and at what 
stage in the proceedings they 
were actually killed is quite 
obscure. Once in the grave they 
were probalv hitched up to a 
chariot or whatever vehicle they 
were to tow. 

No trace of any chariot or cart 
survived, but being made 
mainly of wood. leather and 
reed it would have decayed in 
the soiL We know from contem- 
porary documents and from 
pictures on seal-stones and 
other works of art that the 
Sumerian war chariot was towed 
by two or even occasionally four 
animals of the horse family. 

In the only other Abu 
gpiahikh grave with draft ani- 
mals there were at least two 
pairs of these animals, one pair 
entirely undisturbed, and it is 
difficult lo see why they were 
included with the grave furnish- 
ings uni*™ they were fulfilling 
their worldly function as 
draught animals. . 

No doubt this practice differs 


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TTTP TTMFJS TTmSDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


Nimrod 

backers 

change 

tack 

Continued from page 1 

Prior has successfully pot ; 
them in the Awacs camp. " 
Sources referred to Mr 
Prior’s action as a disastrous 
pubUce relations exercise, 
particularly as the claims of 
bias and irresponsibility in- 
side the Ministry of Defence 
came from a politician who 
was ousted from the Cabinet 
The view in Whitehall was 
that Mr Prior was bound to 
fail in his eleventh-hour ap- 
peal for a full independent 
inquiry because Mrs Thatcher 
had no intention of being 
pushed around by a former 
Cabinet member. 

Last week, Mr Younger and 
other defence minis ters spent 
over an hour with each of the 
doubting Cabinet minis ters to 
convince them that Nimrod 
was not the answer to Britain's 
early wanting requirements. 

According to sources, the 
undecided ministers thought 
that it was a close race 
between Nimrod and Awacs 
but they were shown the 
figures which demonstrate 
that the - American aircraft 
outshines the British one. Mr 
Prior's weekend attack finally 
converted them. 

In his list of Nimrod fail- 
ures, Mr Younger is expected 
to point out that the Awacs 
can fly at about 39,000ft, 
much higher than Nimrod. 

The Risk Assessment 
Group in the Ministry of 
Defence, which consists of the 
best scientific and technologi- 
cal experts in this field in 
Britain, examined both op- 
tions and unanimously fa- 
voured the Awacs. The 
ministry's Equipment Policy 
Committee met on December 
4 and also recommended 
Awacs. 

However, according to 
Whitehall sources, there was a 
possibility tbat despite the 
overwhelming technical ev- 
idence in its favour, the 
political decision could still 
have gone against Awacs, 
because of the emotive sup- 
port for the British model 
One source added: “If there 
was any doubt before Mr Prior 
spoke up, there certainly isn't 
any more." 

• Mr Neil Kinnock, the La- 
bour leader, on a two-day visit 
to Sheffield, yesterday sup- 
ported the call for an indepen- 
dent inquiry. “Buy British and 
not Boeing — if they both 
work", be said. 

He said that the GEC 
Nimrod could have an advan- 
tage over the American rival 
because the GEC system used 
more modem technology, 
which “should give it an 
advantage over die already 
ageing Boeing system." 

Backing for Boeing, page 2 


Minister renews old school tie [^^^rrrri; 






■ 





•. -r 




Mr Kenneth Baker with Miss Rath Renn, his former form mi 
tty Tan Smith son of a Cfril Servant thought 


at Holy Trinity Primary School in Southport yesterday. 


Mr Kenneth Baker, Sec- 
retary of State for Education 
and Science, played truant 
from the tannofl of the 
teachers' nego tiating table 
yesterday to sit obediently 
behind a school desk and 
accept a report on his class- 
room behaviour. 

At the age of seven the war- 
time evacuee was, according to 
school mistress Kath Renn, an 
excellent pupil who gave no 


invaluable enough to be taken 
out of the London maelstrom, 
Mr Baker responded effu- 
sively, describing Miss Resm 
as an excellent teacher. 

The only question-mark 
against the return visit was the 
admission by Mr Baker that 
whenever the air-raid siren 
sounded hi Liverpool, a 
favourite war-time target for 
German bombers, he was or- 
dered oat to stand in the 


hint of his rise to exalted unsheltered school yard, 
political heights hot even then' Why? No doubt opposition 
showed great educational teachers could ®ffer an 
potentiaL explanation. 

With on usual modesty, Mr- Ostensibly Mr Baker’s 
Baker shuffled his feet as he nostalgic return to Holy Trra- 
stood in Holy Trinity Primary hy filled a jgap in his timetable 
School between desks so worn before be paid an official visit 
they might well have survived to Liverpool University to 
the era when he was a pupil at bestow government blessing 
the Southport resort school on a gas turbine-driven 
between 1940 and 1945, to pioneering scheme perfected 
hear the evaluation of his by the mriveisity’s science 
youthful ability. department. Before he left 

Glancing at her schoolboy Holy Trinity — and laced a 
protege with beaming benevo- barrage of protest by dem- 
lence Miss Renn, aged 69, onstrators opposed to die im- 
spoke with nostalgia about the mment closure of On- Lady’s 
character-bmldiiig dogma she Primary Church School in 
instilled into an attentive pnpO Lydiate, Liverpool, because of 
who has since become keeper fidting rolls — Mr Baker pro- 
of the nation's educational seated bis former schqol with 
values. - a «p to be presented jassralj 

Returning to Liverpool on for “progress in English** and 
one of the only occasions since a £100 cheque to finance 
he was first moved there as the additional prizes. 



Mr Baker, right, in a school Empire Day parade in 1944. 


receives 

aid from 
Gadaffi 

Continued from page 1 

of Surinamese exiles and send- 
ing them bade to fight the 
Bouierse Government but 
both committees adamantly 
ruled this out on the grounds 
that Surinam was not yet a 
serious threat to the region. 

Since then the US has not 
focused on Surinam and while 
it may favour the current 
uprising there is no suggestion 
that it is in any way involved. 
Venezuela and Colombia 
have also refiased to gr ve aid to 
Surinam. 

The Netherlands — which 
four vears ago suspended a 
$1.5 billion aid programme, 
which amounted to SI 00 mil- 
lion a year or a quarter of the 
national budget — has been 
assured by Brazil that its 
assistance is limited. Never- 
theless. The Hague has cau- 
tioned Brazil to be prudent in 
its arms dealings with the 
regime. 

Brazil has supplied do thing, 
tight equipment, automatic 
weapons and training both in 
Surinam and at its own 
academies. 

Clearly the Netherlands 
fears that Brazilian weapons 
will be turned on the popula- 
tion of its former colony. 
Exiles in The Netherlands, 
who indnde several wealthy 
East Indians financing the 
rebellion, claim there have 
.been wi»-« killings of civilians 
by government troops during 
offensives in the country's 
rebel-dominated east. There 
have also been accusations of 
torture. 

In October the Rotterdam 
ne wspa pe r SRC Handdsblad 
quoted Colonel Bouterse as 
saying that hand grenades 
were hurled from airplanes to 
drive out people with no 
business in the area. “Our 
patience is exhausted. We will 
shoot and flatten everything," 
he raid. 

In Rmamaribo military i 
activity' has become intense. 
All day aged armoured t uns * 
port trucks can be seen leaving 
a 17th century fort in the 
centre of the city, alongside 
the Surinam river, where 
Colonel Bouterse has his 
headquarters. 

• WASHINGTON: The 
State Department said yes- 
terday that it had no informa- 
tion on any Libyan agreement 
with Surinam (Michael 
Binyon writes). A spokesman 
said rumours of Libyan 
involvement had been around 
.for some time and reports 
surfaced occasionally that 
Libya had strengthened its 
links with the country. 


Air ace homes in 
with new system 


Mr Kevin McNamara, an 
Opposition spokesman on 
defence, yesterday called for 
an e mergency debate so that 
the Opposition could protest 
against the Government s 
presumed decision in favour 
of the American-built Awacs 
(Airborne Warning and Con- 
trol System). Mr 
McNamara's move was of- 
ficial confirmation that La- 
bour had opted for the 
British-built Hovis {Hoi-air- 
borne Opportunistic Vote- 
inducing System). 

Labour members get few 
chances to play the patriotic 
card these days, what with 
their defence policy and the 
appearance Mr Kinnock has 
given of being prepared to 
have friendly contacts with 
the leading Pommie-bashing 
power. So it would be churl- 
ish to begrudge them its use 
in the controversy about 
Nimrod and Awacs. 

Labour’s boffins had obvi- 
ously- studied all the d a ta, 
carried; out tests and decided 
to recommend to the party 

brass that Hovis was by for 
the best system for the party 
to adopt in its difficult search 
for vote-intensive issues at 
the next general election, as 
well as the cheapest 

Over the weekend, the 
conflict over Nimrod and 
Awacs seemed to reach some 
sort of a climax. So yesterday 
Hovis was given its first 
major trials by Labour’s pi- 
lots in the Commons. Men 
such as genial, quietly pro- 
fessional, experienced hot-air 
ace Mr McNamara. 

The proposed purchase by 
the RAF of an early-warning 
system was the largest con- 
tract in the field of high 
technology, electronics and 
avionics to be awarded dur- 
ing this Parliament, he told 
the House, in asking the 
Speaker to. allow the emer- 
gency debate: 

There followed much con- 
fident assertion of the 
superiority of British Nimrod 
to American Awacs. Here Mr 
McN amara understandably 
foiled to discuss one consid- 
eration: the ease with which 
any Government which opts 
for an American product can 
be depicted by an Opposition 
as not protecting British jobs, 
British technology etc. 

Mr McNamara smoothly 
ended his test flight with a 
demand that an emergency 
debate- was also necessary 
because of the “Implications 
for British industry and na- 
tional pride”. He was greeted 
with cheers by Labour back- 
benchers when he landed. 


Mr McNamara sat back 
relaxed and pleased win its 
performance and anxious lor 
another flight as soon as 
possible. 

The Speaker declined Mr 
McNamara's request That 
did not deter Mr Grevme 
Janner. the Labour member 
for Leicester West from smu- 
lariv asking for an emergency 
debate on a related issue 
affecting votes in his constit- 
uency: the decision that the 
Harrier GR5 Mission Simu- 
lator should not be built in 
Britain. Unfortunately. Mr 
Janner pronounced it the 
Harrier GR5 Mission 
Stimulator. 

This aroused additional 
interest among the more 
ribald backbenchers. A few 
Tory vulgarians cried 
“withdraw". Labour pre- 
pared to express the view that 
it would be the final blow to 
British industry and national 
pride if we were unable to 
produce our own stimulators, j 
Tory dreamers looked for- 
ward to the day when a 
regenerated Britain would 
sell stimulators to Japan. But 
Mr Janner corrected it to 
Simulator and interest in his 
emergency debate rather 
died. At any rate, the Speaker 
declined it. 

It had been reported that 
Labour leaders did not want 
the party thriller writer, Mr 
Dale CampbeU-Savoura, to 
publish his latest just yet (all 
about M15 bugging and bur- 
gling the then Mr Harold 
Wilson as Prime Minister). 

The fear was that Mr 
Gimpbeil-Savours might de- 
tract voters’ attention from 
the Nimrod-Awacs affair, 
which may be less exciting 
but which is thought directly 
to involve jobs in many 
constituencies. 

Mr Caropbell-Savours 
seemed to have taken this as a 
challenge. Yesterday be se- 
cured a short debate in which 
he produced his latest plot. 
But it was rather like an 
Agatha Christie with the sec- 
ond half missing. There were 
endless characters and situa- 
tions, but no development of 
the plot . 

One of the new characters 
was a Mr Martin who was in 
MI5 and who had been mixed 
up with Mr Wright and who 
had been, at the relevant 
time, derk to the Commons 
Agriculture Committee, 
which was rather a let-down. 
Mr ChznpbdI-Savours could 
have made it a more glam- 
orous committee. Was Mr 
Mhrtin feeding stuff to the 
Russians as well? 


THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Prince of Wales visits 
Quamel Limited, 31 Turnpike 
Road, Newbury, Berkshire. 
10.35; and Research Machines, 
Mill Street, Bailey Road, Ox- 


ford, 1230; later attends an 
English Chamber Orchestra and 
Music Society Concert at The 
Queen Elizabeth Hall, SE1, 7.35. 

Princess Alexandra attends a 
conceit being held in West- 
minster Abbey to mark the 
twentieth anniversary of the 
Richard Dimbleby Cancer 
Fund, 7. 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,230 



ACROSS 

1 European wife preceding 
husband (8). 

5 Provide inspiration for puz- 
zle f6). 

8 Fogeys have trouble with 
some canvas (6,4). 

9 An extreme of nationalism 
is nothing unusual (4). 

10 Guess it’s no cooler at night 
UA2A4). 

11 Game couple (T). 

13 Sign of renewed 31 feeling 

(7)- 

15 Do this in panic; once de- 
feated? (7). 

18 Adorning one centrepiece 
after a month (7). 

21 Bad role — adds no end of 
resentment perhaps (6,8). 

22 It’s found in S.E. Asia, alsn 
in other places (4). 

23 Board’s trickery (10). 

24 Not even child can be such 
a favourite (4-2). 

25 Is intoxicated with hearty 
over-excitement (S). 


DOWN J 

1 Some of the French are un- 
able to sing this way (7). 

2 Light score (5,4). 

3 Hard speech cut in 


Shakespearian part (7)l 

4 Lade never experienced by 
people here (7). 

5 Darling nonetheless goes on 
ahead to pavilion (9). 

6 State Helena is always in (7). 

7 Fliers' short lime in stormy 
skies (7). 

12 Trader’s centre on island 
(9). 

14 Tommy King’s warship (9). 

16 Veteran replaced in New 
Deal (3,4). 

17 Instruction in preparing 
menus (7). 

18 Song, about an old herbal 
remedy (7). 

19 Argument . against one 
match or another (7). 

20 Got idea worked out in 
plant (7). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,229 


acasan aaraasaaif 
a s n -a ra m n n 
rtrasraraniiraB tasnnn 
s m m H ■ E -0 13 11 
.mraEnEni -aamnesBrn 
m n m m e : hue 

S4BEHSE' WEOBHHiuS 

13 - us n mm .• a 

icli'JLluLIL'lsiisifcsJisJ ■ ■■ ralliJSH 
|y E .13 gy.isug. ra 
r=ji3raBiiiii3iB ' . .^rnimraa 

S ‘Ul ' . HU 4 GU - HI' -'CT^.STi - 

ra sue 7 ra a -B' t3 

iymnnEHiin sninsBE 


Concise Crossword page 13 


Music 

Ynletide Concert by Lady 
Mary High School Concert 
Windband;- St- David’s HaU, 
Cardiff; 1.05pm. 

Christmas Conceit by -.Cons- 
ensus Vocalis; St Thomas More 
Church, Meeting Lane, Towe- 
ester; 8. ■ 

Christmas Concert by The 
Abbey Singers; Carlisle Cathe- 
dral; 7.30. 

Orchestra of Welsh National 
Opera celebrate Beethoven’s 
Birthday, St David's HaU, Car- 
diff; 730. 

The Snowman by The Sinfo- 
nia Chorus; Leisure Centre, 
Gateshead; 7.30. 

A celebration of Richard 
Dimbleby. the broadcaster, in 
words and music. Westminster 
Abbey. 7, 

Carols, by. Salvation Army 
Band and Singers in the church- 
yard; St Mary I e Bow Church, 
Cheapside, EC2; 12-2. 

Academy of St Martm-in-tbe- , 
Fields; Royal Festival Hall, 
South Bank Centre; 7.30. 1 

London Trombone Ensemble 
-with music by Bach, Chopin, 
Falla and Dvorak; 5 St Martin’s 
Place, WC2; 1.05pm. 

Apollo Brass Quintet; The 
Foyer. Royal Festival Hall, 
South Bank Centre: 12J3G-2. 

Sinfonia Medics; Si Maryle- 
bone Parish Church, Maryle- 
bone Rd, NWI; 8. 

I English Chamber Orchestra; 
Queen Elizabeth HaU, South 
Bank Centre, EC2; 7.4S. 

Christmas Toccata; St Peter le 
Poer, Muswell Hill; 8. 

Christmas Concert by Lon- 
don Brass; Queen Elizabeth 
Hall, South Bank Centre; 1. 10. 

The Diamond and the Goose, 
London Symphony Orchestra 
and John Dankworth; Barbican 
Centre; 7.15. 

English Chamber Orchestra 

Festival; Queen Elizabet^Hall, 
South Bank Centre. 

Messiah, The Sixteen Choir 
and Orchestra; St John’s Smith 
Square, SW1; 7 (ends Dec 20). 

Talks 

Professor Andrew Duncan 
(Senior) 1744-1828 by Dr J T D 
Hall; Old Edinburgh Oub. Wil- 
liam Robertson Building (Room 

8) George Square; 7.15. 

General 

■ Power And How To Get It by 
■ B H G Gromek, Third Eye 
Centre, 350 Sauchiehall St, 
Glasgow; 8. 

Two Heroines, a lecture by 
Jane Davies and Jane Warrflow, 
Castle Museum, Nottingham; I. 

Dickensian Christinas Festi- 
val; Mahon and Norton-oa- 
Derwent, North Yorkshire; ends 
Dec 24. 

Christmas post 

Tomorrow Is the latest recom- 
mended date for posting inland 
parcels and second class letters 
and cards in time for Christmas. 
For first class letters and cards 
the latest recommended date h 
Friday. 


TV top ten 


- National top ton tetevtetan pro gramm es In 
the week erefing December 7: 


1 EamEndere (Thure/Sun) 2355m 
Z EsssEndere (iues/Swij22.40m 
3. Just Good Friends 15.60m 

4 ‘alto 'ato 1255m 

5 P8UI Daniels Magic Show 11.75m 

6 Porridge (axe Scotland) 11.70m 

7 Three Up. Two Down 11 Jftn 

8 The Good, the Bad and tha U£y 
10.70m 

9 Hi-de-hi 1045m 
10 Dallas 1025m 


1 Coron a tion Street (VMM) Granada 
16.70m 

2 Coronation Street (Mon) Granada 
1620m 

3 The Attain JTV13J5m 

4 Saamd Worst Afoght On the Night 
LWT 13J5RI 

5 BuBseye Central 1&50m 

6 Tins Is You Life Thames 1255m - 

7 The Equatter fTV 1250m 

8 London's Burning LWT 1250m 

9 Way Your Cads RWrt LWT 1245m 
.10 Beafre'e About LWT 1235m 


1 Victoria Wood - As Sean On TV 
730m 

2 Norses 6-40 ti 

3 Cool it 545m 

4 7 Faces of Dr Lao 5.10m 

5 Entertainment IB5A 4.60m 

6 Just Another Day 4.60m 

7 No Umto rruBs/Sun) 4.40m 

8 Star Trek 4.10m 

9 Bobby Deerfield 350m 

10 The Laurence OOvfer Awards 1888 
3.80m 



Roads 

• Loudon and South-east: 
A2X7: Long delays, peak peri- 
ods, near St Marks Road, 
Mitcham. A3 15: Single line 
traffic at North Road, Brent- 
ford. A305: Alternate line traffic 
between Briar and First Cross 
Roads, Twickenham, delays at 
peak periods. 

The Midlands: MS: Lane 
restrictions between junctions 4 
and 8 (Bromsgrove and M50). 
M54: Lane closures between 
junctions 2 and 6 (Wolver- 
hampton and Wellington). Al: 
Delays northbound ■ between 
Huntingdon and Peterborough. 

Wales and the West M4: 
Contraflow between junctions 
16 and 17 (Swindon West and 
Chippenham). MS: Lane clo- 
sures junction 14 (Tbornbury), 
northbound slip road dosed. 
A48: Lane restrictions between 
Uahdaff and Gabalfe, peak time 
delays. 

The North: M& Delays be- 
tween junctions 29 and 32 
(Preston and MSS). Al: Delays 
at Borougbbridge, near Ripon. 
A57: Single lane between Iriam 
and Cadmshcad. 

Scotland: MSfe Easfbound lane 
closure between junctions 17 
and 15 (KeJvinside and Townh- 
ead). A9: Contraflow at Ftnd- 
hom Bridge till Friday. A94: 
Bypass building north of Forfar, 
delays. 


C WEATHER ) ATerytfeepd^>res^onwin move slowly E near southern 

"icelaiiiL A rather cold westerly wind wfil bring a mixture 
of clear weather and showers to most regions. In southeastern parts of England 
only isolated showers are likely bnt in western and northern Britain and in North- 
am Ireland showers wffl be frequent. Some of the showers wflltoe heavy with hail or 
sleet and in the north there may be snow showers, especially over hills. Outlook for 
tomorrow and Thursday: Unsettled with showers or longer periods of rain. Snow on 
northern hOls. Rather cold. 

( HIGH TIDES VC AM ) ( PM ) 


TODAY 

London Bridga 


CanSH 

Domport 


ssr" 


Uwpool 


■Word Hawn 


Southampton 

ton 

Tea* 

Wtkm-on-Nza 


HT PM KT 
08 1.57 6J 
as 1.21 4.1 

125 7 21 124 

34 11.18 3.1 

11j6 7.12 11.5 

5.3 5S1 52 

6J3 1126 64 

5.1 521 SlO 

4.6 1225 47 

33 

5-3 10L31 5-1 

BJ 8-28 83 

8J5 6JM 8-4 
52 244 62 

5 A 1125 65 
23 941 24 

AS 

65 628 64 

65 5.18 BA 

3.7 554 3.7 

54 447 52 

2.0 759 15 

45 1146 44 

55 1127 55 

45 11.12 42 

85 652 85 

5.1 345 52 

35 


AROUND BRITAIN 


The pound 


Australia 3 
AuatxiaScti 
BraghanFr 
Canada t 
Dat ura * Kr 
RntandMkk 
RracoPr 
GanranyDM 
Greece Dr 
Hong Kong S 

jmSdPt 
Italy Ura 
Japan van 
NcMcrtandaGM 


Bank Bank 


Anniversaries 

Births: Cathertoe of Aragon, 
first queen of Henry Vin, Alcala 
de Henares. 1485; Jane Austen, 
Steven ton, 1775. 

Deaths: 'Wilhelm Grimm, 
phUologist and mythologist, 
Berlin, 1859; Charles Camille 
Saint-Sates, Algiers, 1921; 
So m erse t Maugham, Cap Fer- 
rai, 1965; Harold Holt, prime 
minister of Australia 1966-67, 
drowned Port Phillip Bay, Vic- 
toria, 1967. 





MdugalEsc 226 

South Africa Rd 45 

Spain Pta 20025 

SmKtanKr 1027 

SwitzartandPr 2535 
USAS 1495 

Yogoatoria Dnr 830 730 

.RaMfl faranai d eponu nainw bank notes 
orty as suppfed by Bareteys Bank PLC. 
□Ifforont rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign currency 
business. 

detail Price Index: 3984 

London: The PTIndax closed don 0.1 at 

12805. 


Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Northern Ire- 
land (Emergency Provisions) 
BiU, second reading. Northern 
Ireland (Emergency Provisions) 
Aci 1978 (Continuance) (No 3) 
Order. 

Fire Safety and 
. ...» of Sport Bin, 




SunRaln Max 
In In C F 

- 3 37 sunny 

4j 8 - 4 38 sunny 


25 - 4 

35-5 
45-7 
■ .02 8 

34 58 6 

2.0 58 6 

25 59 5 

32 29 5 

4.1 28 7 

4.6 2fi 7 

55 25 7 
55 .07 7 

55 20 7 
52 28 7 

65-7 
64 ,01 7 

0-4 .05 8 

64 m a 

43 .01 7 

45 52 9 
4J 52 9 
* 55 9 

15 54 10 
15 56 9 

5.7 .09 10 

4.7 53 10 
32 .19 10 

- .ra 7 

35 52 7 
4.1-4 

5.8 - 6 

65 -5 


Cofwyn 

T«*y 

Aberdeen 



You must y«ar «nl wi» you 

when you mqxioM. . I 
If you are unabK to 
someoraeBecanclatnionirofff , 

roc any reason wttMn tt* stated | 

iliurtMrt rWms 


26 - 4 30 sunny 

35 - 5 41 sunny 

45 - 7 45 bright 

■ .02 6 43 sumy 

34 58 6 43 Sumy 

20 59 6 43 sunny 

25 -39 s 41 sunny _ 

32 29 5 41 sunny 

4.1 28 7 45 bright 

4.6 26 7 45 stray 

55 25 7 45 sunny 

55 .07 7 45 sum 

55 20 7 45 sunny 

52 28 7 45 sum 

55 - 7 46 stray 

64 .01 7 46 Stray 

6 4 .05 8 48 sunny 

64 52 9 48 sunny 

45 .01 7 45 sunny 

45 52 9 48 sunny 

4J 52 9 48 Stray 

* 55 9 48 bright 

15 54 10 50 bright 

15 56 9 48 bright 

52 .09 10 SO sunny 

4.7 53 10 60 stray 

32 .19 10 50 bri^ii 

' .tfl 7 AS Shower 

35 52 7 45 Ixfoht 

4.1 - 4 38 fright 

5.8 - B 43 stray 

BnamAh* 55 5 « sunny 

Bristol (CU1) 72 53 8 46 surety 

CfrSiJe 25 - 3 37 bright 

London 55 - 8 46 army 

I Bonc h oater 4.7 - 5 41 anew 

N*c8-n-Tyno 65 - 4 39 sunny 

Nafonghan &0 - 5 41 Simy 

51 .02 8 48 aunny 

50 2D 7 45 Stray 

• - 7 45 surety 

5.1 .04 7 46 sunny 

54 - 3 37 sunny 

55 - 5 41 aunny 

- - -1 30 fog 

45 52 5 41 ini 

45 - 3 37 Sumy 

05 .08 4 39 Shower 
25 57 5 41 sunny 

42 .01 5 41 sunny 

32 .09 7 45 shower 
42 - 2 36 ttitftt 

— - 3 37 fog 

Thase are Suiday's figures 

figures not araifcWo 

ggTMK NEWSPAPERS LWOTED. 
s? 6 -, P’lgted Iqr London Post *~-- 
< ers) Limited or 1 V Iran la • 

London m 9XN 

Scotland Lid.. 
i Kumtae PBrtc. 

! Tuesday. 16 


4 * z V®* ’ 


( UGHT1NG-UP TIME 

Lo n don 422 pm to 751 am 
Bristol 452 pm to 741 am 
EdMratfh 458 pm to 859 am 
M a nctm a lar 4.19 pm to 750 am 
Penamee 450 pm » 746 am 


□ Sunrises: Sun sets: 

8508111 352pm 

Moon oats Moon rises 
845am 324 pm 

ft* moon 754 am 




8 TO* 8 


t YESTERDAY ) 

C F c F 

5* 11 *** 8 541 G u ern se y r 1152 

SSSw J1S 'Pmm » 337 

g "£F° °* 1 Jersey rl050 

afow r 948 London r 848 

Ssy* . 5 yneh aiar c 048 

lo n aiy i e 541 ttaweasBe c 643 

Glasgow r 541 f 846 

El 9Xn7‘ 1 Street. London. 


NOON TODAY 


ffct^n-Tyno 


72 53 8 
25 - 3 

55 - 8 

4.7 - 5 

85 - 4 

&0 - 5 

5.1 .02 8 
65 20 7 



NOON TODAY 


S8 S !1 U CVbqS c | u Hz? I H 5* ’ 15 

rtMa f 17 63 Corfa s 18 64 Safabwa f i 

e 13 55 DufaEn 


Ajaccio 

MnAUa 
Mg tore 
Assfdm 


c F 

S ? ‘fa"* 

8 Safrbvg 


2 88 Onbmmfc r 12 54 


8 18 64 FSm 
S 21 70 

1 28 82 RtanMurt 
S 11 52 Rsretol 


7 m c 17 63 SPrtsco* c 8 
2 £ S£Sc* * 19 66 ®M»g0* S 27 

liaST'"* 


Biarritz 

BorWX 

BoiCne 

Bnamb 


c ^ 36 ttSSnki. sn !5 ® 

c 17 63 SuL'L *. * ™ H 
c 8 46S? JsSB" 


ciisssr 

f jIS S** I -3 27 

MSfe - 


» 21 -8 StmbYa 
f 3 37 &3Kr 
I ?3 73 t£k2t 


4 39 JoTturnr 
-3 27 Korecm 


G 4394 
h -3Z7K 
8 29 841. 
'T'19 68 Li 
8 23 73 Li 


f 0 32 N Vorit* 

9 , 12 & 

• 27 81 Oaks 

5 


S 19 Gfi pMirin , c « 37 

C-20 I SS 8 * * S 


~ ® C 17 83 Prarei. 

,8 23 73 Locarao s 11 52 
C 18 64 L Angsts* f 16 £ RhriSE? 

* S 41 Uwarnhfl C 0 32 SdaJ 


tisnr 

Capthi s 23 73 Locans 
CManca C 18 64 LAago 
Chicago* a S 41 Lurart 
Ch'dMreh * 27 81 Madrid 


re ?! SS 5 * 5 * C18 

2 '5 M Tcnartta s 22 

f J 13 r fi 

8 14 57 Tarootn* f 0 

« i g J is 

!»SS6 r r 7 

i iSJfe c . 

* 1® 12 wrahtorr * 2 


denotes Sundays s 3 



in" 


urli-r, 




H ! ■- 


"ard rt ... 


JV'-’ 

Sfc . 

; <fV-* : 


: gtr- ••• 

ife.. 


'■ 


ip i i; ; '■ 






21 


phonies in 

f, W , Sys ^iJ 

n on r ./HN a M | '? 

»/4 I _._ ‘ u ■ '- ”- r* .-4 . **'C Cil. • 


s „ %- 


KCS-S ^ 

i^our :h- $,. . * 

c m : &?*■«{ 

> of- * -* L;-. .-•■ .'' ^ p ->t r i^‘% 

: •? «§?§5g 


fi v A ^ , 

with u 

■: lv v - V- 
; 

d :-j 

W\’.r f "■ 

*»=i ■:• 
Surl- • 


'■r.'-'.r- ,.- ->a‘cd^ 
• : v. - . 3 :^n fcj 


*> V! * 


./■ A r > 

;; . i-aco ur lfi 

--Hr-' ^r.etj . 

';.>V^ ! 

- 

-- .: 11**?. 1 

■: ' V'^' 

......“•*'30!^ 

: ■ -* ; V.::' : w««. 

•- 

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■ ■■•••:« eri 




L-: : ‘ ,l 


•.’ ' ,-.-• :3 V,-J 






i.— :i*" ■; 

' . Vi** 


BUSINESS AND FINANCE 


THE 



TIMES 



TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

STOCK MARKET *" 

FT 30 Share 

1280.3 (-0.1) 

FT-SE 100 
1637.0 (+7.2) 

Bargains 
29882 (30340) 

USWrOafastream) 
129.64 (+0.2) 

THE POUND 


High street sales climb 2.4% 

Dramatic rise 

in snendinn 


By Dand Smith, Economics Correspondent 


month. 


But British i/idus&y has not 
been enjoying the full firms of 
this pending boom, despite 
tentative signs of recovery. 
The official Treasury forecast 
is for no rise in m anufac turing 


. figures. A similar jump in 
’ h^s not spending in November last 
Bints of year suggests that the adjust- 
despite men is are not sufficient for 
acovery. what may be a greater 
rerecast concentration of spending in 
zclurmg the pre-Christmas period. 


RETAIL SALES] 


US Dollar *» I « w " Smith, Ecoikh 

1.4325 (+0.0040) i™? JI? I L street spend , ing oul P»t yea 

1 boom moved up a gear last production fieure; 

W German mark month With a sharp 2.4 per are due to be pub 

2.8858 (+0.0045) cemincreuse* the volume of The volume c 

Trade wrinhtajt ^jcb are now on shown no increas 

T^e-werahted mm j for their strongest nse and most faaty 

t>8.8 (+0.1) since 1978. peeled only a sa 

* ■ 1 ■ ■ J 1x1 the first 1 1 months of the month 

T Trt 1 • ■ year ’ s* 1 ** volume was 5 per Christmas shon 

US nankc ewit up on last year. Tbe index p j ai S3^LpS 

^ UtUlUj of sales volume last month, last month's sc 

Ml S m-f • 1 !S c ^ parc 3 though m^ch of th 

111 JN /SOD m ,° ctoher . and pic® up in ti 

as 7^. per cent up on a year adjustments appl 

nicrficr ^Sh Musty has not IjSShig* 

New YorfcReuter — Texas 

Commerce Bancshares is to tentative signs of recovery 35r 

merge with Chemical New The official T^ryfoS £nin«£tion 

/° r " 0nSC1 ° manUfeCUmn8 feP^-Cbriama,' 

E,° f 175 m '° n (£52 SALES AND 

Morgan Stanley, the invest- OUTPUT 

rae 2i va,ued de2i r 5CTAIL <SALgfil M 

at Si. 19 billion, one of the | rtciAIL S At ESj jK 

largest intCTSlate ■ banking ’ 

deals ever. This merger is the II i^ r ..p A rT T< o;Mci ' l 

first since the change of state I MANUFACTURING Jg 

Jaws this year allowing out-of- I wim 

state banks to acquire Texas I / 0mgg&f 

banks. L/ 

Texas Commerce is the w 

fourth largest Texas bank and V^* «a #► ^4 

operates 70 banks in the state. 

Under Texas law, each bank . — , , r ,-t 9 , l , ffp, 

office operates as a separate JFMAMJ j ASONDJFMAMJ JAS 
entity. ’ ■■ ■ ■■ 

Capital Cam 

raise £40m . n . Vy “ 111 

Carlton Communications. nines in +voi 

the fast growing television • ' Tlt/uj 

services and satellite - T/k § y|)| ' 

broadcasting company, is to ■MAM cvX« / lU. 
make an offering of its or- ««» , . ' 

dinary shares in the United DFOTlfS /ra ?5 Qon fT ^ ou J: s 

States in the region of £30mfl- F 1U11W SS, rt ^ 

lion-£40 million, equivalent to By John BefLCitv Editor tiis^rreutore, yesti 
around 13 per Snt of the 7 ^ “ ““g “ 

enlarged share capitaL Capital Radio, which is Je Bond Corpc 

Tempus, page 2S seek™® a 6x11 Stoct Exchange Australia over deb 
pi», listing early in the New Year, when Cannon aa 

t 1 ,r , l n illlTlTIG raised pretax profits by 82 per British cinema cb 

cent to £1.7 million in the year :Entertammeat&on 
English China Clays made ended last September. ^ i: year.. ... 

£90.4 million pretax profits in ' Capital, which, r frfmis to,be Thdacconi came 
the year to.tbe end oFSeplem- Britain’s biggest independent - before akey paymei 
ber, compared with £74.6 radio staiion,'' ei9py^. an and aftec suggest 
million last year, on turnover "excellent” yrair, according to Cannon, which coni 
down 4 per cent to £688.6 chairman Sir " Richard 40 per cent of Brit 
million. Earning? per share Attenborough. mas. migfit be fora 

rose 10 per cent to 28.44p. A The main factors b ehin d the 4ebt proceedings 
dividend of 8.25p was recoin- profits rise were * internal unable, to meet th 
mended, making a total of economies, a 10 per cent payments schedule. 
1 X5p for the year. growth in advertising revenue, A statement said 


output this year. Industrial Mr Richard Weir, acting 
production figures for October director general of the Retail 
aredue to be published today. Consortium, said : “There is 
The volume of sales had no doubt that retail volume is 
shown no increase in October buoyant but tbe experience of 
ana most analysts had ex- our members does not quite 
petted only a small rise last match the official figures." 


Spending 


consumer 


Christmas shopping clearly durables and Christmas gifts is 
played an important part in very strong, Mr Weir said, but 
last month's spendi n g al- sales of dothiog have been 
though much of this should be slower tfian retailers hoped. 

sets .ut.Ta 


SALES AND 
OUTPUT 


MANUFACTURING 

OUTPUT 


Jg V 19S5 IMS. 

JFM A MJJASONOJFMAMJ JASON 


Spending by .value totalled 
£8.17 billion last month, 10 
per cent up on the corres- 
ponding month of last year. 
Spending was equivalent to 
£2.04 billion a week, com- 
pared with £1.83 billion in 
October. 

In the first 11 months of the 
year, sales value was 8 percent 
higher than in the cones- . 
ponding period oflast year. 

Retailers have reported 
record sales so far in Decem- 
ber. The John Lewis Partner- 
ship said that department 
store sales is the first week 
exceeded last year's peak, 
achieved later in tbe month, 
by a wide margin. 

Tbe 2.4 per cent jump in 
retail sales last month hap- 
pened in spite of the fact that 
many people were faced with a 
higher mortgage rate 







- Rover’s Graham Day yesterday: confident, bet competition is strong 

Competition for Rover’s 
Scottish development 


Capital 
tunes in 
to £1 ,7m 
profits 

By John Bell, City Edftor 

Capital Radio, which is 
seeking a full Stock Exchange 
listing early in the New Year, 

I raised pretax profits by 82 per 
1 cent to £1.7 million in the year 
ended. last September. I 

Capital, which claims to.be, 
Britain’s -biggest independent 
radib station, - ' enjoyed/ an 
"exceBent” year/accbiding to 
chairman Sir ' Richard 
Attenborough. 

The main factors behind the 
profits rise were internal 


Cannon in debts 
deal with Bond 


By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 


By Cofin Narbrosgh 


Cannon Group, the Israeli- 
owned film makers and 
distributors, yesterday an- 
nounced an agreement with 
the Bond Corporation of 
Australia over debts incurred 
when Cannon acquired tbe 
British cinema drain Screen 
Entertainment from. Bond this 
year.. . . . .. . 

Thp accord canto only hours 
before aiey payment deadline 


outstanding debts to that date. 

Cannon granted Bond 
300,000 warrants to purchase 


Rover’s £100 million 
development plait, announced 
yesterday, for amassree shop- 
ping centre development at its 
redundant Bathgate track 
plant site in fw»fq | Scotland 
faces a number of serious 
hurdles before it becomes 
reafity. 

The one suQieu sq ft 
deveteusent zs only one of a 

■Umber Of gfanilar planning 


Cannon common stock at $16 applications hi the Glasgow- 


per share: 

This compared with lows of 
about $10. The warrants open 
the way for Bond to gain a 
stake of more than 5 per cent 
in Gannon. 

If initial payment is. made 


aDd : - after; suggestions ihat -9? ^^*7’ Bond win grant 
Cannon, which controls about Cannon video and theatrical 


40 per cent of Britain’s cine- 
mas, migfit be forced into US 
debt proceedings if it was 


rights in Australia. Bond 
hived off these rights when it 
purchased Screen Hmertain- 


unable. to meet the original 1116111 ^ om Thorn EML 


1 2.5p for the year. growth in advertising revenue, 

Hoskyns debut caheIl 

Hoskyns Group, the com- WAT jlfefClfl. 
puter services company, is X lIlL/iv Xw jC 
reekfag a foil listing on tbe ^ a reduction in the Ex- 
Stock Exchange with a 25 per che(mer Levy 

aa 


payments schedule. Asked what was expected if 

A statement said the agree- Cannon failed to meet the 
ment“in principle" reached in Friday d eadli ne, a Bond 
New York between Cannon spokesman said his company 


Group Incorporated and “continued to be confident” 
Bond Corporation Holdings about receiving full payment 

J 1 5™^L of A” “Otory by American 
Sr 3 a Trtn a D anthonties into the 

-ot a 530.6 milhoir (SL1 Cannon’s accounting policies 
-miHicm) balance into four- in depressed its New York 
year senior subordinated quoted shares leaving analysts 
notes _ on Friday, initially uncertain about the value of 


128p. The shares wiB yield 1.8 wiffi 

per cent gross. Dealings start vi ous jy^ on turnover of £18.5 

on Friday. million. After tax profits were 

Tempos, page 25 £1 against £449,000. 

np A ii cp Sir Richard said that 
Dv/i SCli"OIl advertising revenue continued 

British Car Auction Group 
has agreed to sell All-State ££ 

Vehicfes, its American vehicle ^fsandtnarketmgandaDew 

J ' 5 H ' mi0n <£ia5 S^chSP 

uuo - part of 1987/5 is a develop- 

Il/rt-J nftor meat which should bring 

vT dlU llv<U about a widening of owner- 

Ward White, tbe retail ship and enable us to be ready 
group locked in a £173 million to take advantage of future 
takeover bid for LC-P Hold- opportunities, said Sir 
inss is rinse to controlling 43 Richard. 


million. 

Ward near 

Ward White, tbe retail 
group locked in a £173 million 
takeover bid for LC-P Hold- 
ings, is close to controlling 43 
per cent of the company after 
farther stock market pur- 
chases. 


Wafl street _ - __ 

Comment 23 Tmm 25 
Stock Market 23 Umt Trnsts 26 
Co News 2+ CcwFgttoe* 2 6 
Money Mrtts 24 USM Preres 26 
Fomgn Exch 24 Shore Prices 77 


22 Traded Opts 24 

23 Tempos 25 


US output up 

US industrial production! 
rose 0.6 per cent in November 

— 0.S per cent up on a year ago 
— nfter a revised” 0. 1 per cent 
increase in October, the Fed- 
eral Reserve Board said 


: -miHicm) balance into lour- in (fe™ 
year senior subordinated quoted sh 
notes • on Friday, initially uncertain 
extending the maturity of its assets. 

£8m Irish 
buy in US 

Cement-Roadstone Hold- 
ings, the largest industrial 
company in Ireland, contin- 
ued its policy of international 
expansion yesterday by spend- 
ing $11.65 million (£8.1 mil- 
lion) on strategic 1 
shareholdings in two well- 
placed building materials op- 
erations in the US. 

CRH is paying $6.25 mil- 
lion million for SO per cent of 
Booritan+Fzelds an aggregates 
business operating in Texas 
and Oklahoma and $5.4 mil- 
lion for 50 per cent of Faulk- 
ner Concrete Pipe Company. 

Both businesses will con- 
tinue to be managed by their 
previous owners. : After five 
years, . however. Cement 
Roadstone has the option to 
buy 


Edinburgh central Scotland 
with lows of corridor, 
anantsopen A leading developer of lane 

d to gain a retail sites of th&type is said 
n 5 per cent to have famed down tbe rite at 
Bathgate . for'- -such 

mt is -made . 

wffl' gram 

d theatrical **■■? J* ** cea ? 

4m aihpn if oosed centres m this part of 
^EntetauJ Scotland. Some are already at 

E * tl ; „ ^And it is bound to leave a 
-expected if y eadon mark over bow far 
1 fliee f *he Rover, which has still to find a 
a Bond developer as a partner, will be 
is company successful in its finnin g 
confident” application which west in to 
U payment West Lothian District Council 

American 7®*?”**?- 
ties into the T*® Bw *we was wr- 
ing policies yesterday by Mi- 

New York Graham Day, the charnnan, 
mg anal ysts wfal said: “We were faced with 
le value of «P»*on “f simply doing 
nothing and waiting for a 


. developer to come along witha 
project or coming up with oor 
ovm idea. The site is costing us 
■ money and is not producing 
reveime.” 

A company spokesman 
added: ‘‘We ate awnre of the 
Other p lanning appficatMBs 
but feel that o us differs 
becuase it offers considerable 
leisure frames.” 

Rover is looking to a devel- 
oper partner to pm together an 
investment far the 

project. 

Mr John HaO, of Cameron 
■Hall which developed the 
Gateshead Metro Centre, is 
said fa have withdrawn from 
negotiations for V smaller 
version . of" the Gateshead . 
project at the Ro ver rite. * - 

This was after outline plan- 
ning permission was secured 
by Heron Corporation in the 
summer for a 400,006 sq ft 
extension to the Almond vale 
Centre in central Livingston, 
bringing this retail complex op 
to about 750,000 sq ft. 

• Uringstna is less than tea 


Bflnbvghi 


Livingston 


SPORT 31 
TELEVISION AND RADIO 35 


Ruling 
by court 
on bank 
capital 

By Richard Thomson 
Banking Correspondent 

Banks and other public. 
Limited companies are allowed 
to bold their capital in a 
mixture of foreign currencies, 
according to an important 
High Court ruling yesterday. 
It means that companies will 
be able to structure their 
capital to reduce their expo- 
sure to currency fluctuations. 

Tbe ruling is thought to be 
the first of it kind in a western 
industr ialized country and 
will considerably enhance the 
attractions of London as a 
financial centre. 

In response to a petition by 
Scandinavian Bank, the 
London-based institution 
owned by five of the largest 
Scandinavian banks, Mr Jus- 
tice Hannan decided that 
companies were entitled to 
hold their capital in currencies 
other than sterling. However, 
public,, limited companies had 

io maintain a minimum of 
£50,000 within their overall 
capita] to comply with Com- 
panies Act requirements. 

Scandinavian Bank, which 
first started working on tbe 
possibility of a multi-currency 
capital base five years ago, 
aims to carry ont the conver- 
sion by the new year. It will 
hold 50 per cent of its capital 
in dollars, 20 per cent in 
sterling, 15 per cent in marks 
and 1 5 per cent in Swiss francs 
to match the currency spread 
of its assets. 

The move has been ap- 
proved by the Bank of Eng- 
land and the Inland Revenue 
and all relevant government 
departments, including the 
Treasury. 

Mr Garrett Bouton, the 
bank's chief executive, said 
that sterling depreciation had 
forced the bank to raise £30 
million in new capital since 
1981 to maintain regulatory 
ratios. If it had been able to 
hold its capita! in several 
currencies during that period, 
it would not have had to raise 
any new capital and profits 
would not have materially 
suffered. 

He said that other banks 
and multi-national companies 
with large foreign currency 
exposure were now certain to 
be interested in restructuring 
their capitaL Scandinavian 
Bank had already been ap- 
proached fin- advice by four 
London-registered banks mid 
it was sending out letters to 
5,000 customers and contacts 

explaining tbe significance of 
the move. 

Talks ended 

The Steetley board has 
ended discussions on an offer 
for Nottingham Brick after a 
sharp rise in tbe Nottingham 
share price. 


miles from Bathgate where 
Cameron Hall had been 
considering a centre of about 
400,000 sq ft. 

There is already an applica- 
tion for a Whitrigg rife at 
Bathgate an application in for 
a retailing centre of dose on 1 
million sq ft Other plans in 
the Edin bnrgh-Gtesgow cor- 
ridor in which Bathgate is 
located include a South Gyle, 
Edinburgh, development 
(400^00 sq ft with Marks and 
Spencer and Asda, the 
superstores chain, involved) 
and one at Hermiston Gaft, 
Edinburgh (a 400,000 sq ft 
regional centre proposed by 
IVfflte Developmoits). 

.. There are tandem proposals 
and some have gone to appesL 

At the Glasgow end of the 
corridor a £175 million plan ! 
for one raillien sq ft of retail 
and leissre development at 
Motherwell has been tamed 
down, the site being in green 
belt land. 

Highland Developments, 
the proposer of this regional 
centre, is expected to appeal. 

The bigger schemes on the 
scale proposed by Rover would 
rdy on bringing in custom 
from a wide area ranging from 
Glasgow and Edinburgh to 
Stirling, all well connected by 
motorways. 


YTV outstrips its 
profits forcast 


By Alison Eadie 

. Yorkshire Television, revenu 
whose offer for sale last Au- north t 
gust was 51 times over- Expo 


revenue drifting from tbe : 
north to the south. 

Exports held up at 1985 


subscribed, heat its forecast of levels despite cutbacks on 
£8.25 million pretax profit by programme production. York- 
achieving profits of £8.93 shire sold 650 hours of teJe- 
miiiion in the year to the end vision to 75 countries, 
of September. Th«« *h«> ntgimm. 


Tbe Exchequer levy cost 
£3.37 million. Profits in 1984- 
85, which were unaffected by 
the levy, were £3.58 million. 


shire sold 650 hours of tele- 
vision to 75 countries. 

This year the catalogue has 
been expanded through re- 
newed production and de- 
mand for programmes, 
particularly from the USA, 


Who picks up the bill 

for your Telex line 
when you buy a 
3M Whisper Telex? 


am**. ■■■• 


*:.*?**> 'Yt “ 


Yorkshire's share of net has continued strongly. 


advertising rose from 8.9 per 
cental the start of the year to 9 
per- cent at the end and has 
now moved np to 9.1-per cent 
The company says it is buck- 
ing- tbe- Trend of-advertising 


Yorkshire did not join any 
of the consortia bidding for 
the Direct Broadcasting by 
Satellite contract awared by 
tbe Indepenedent Broadcast- 
ing Authority last week. . 


market summary 




mm 


New York 

Dow Jones 

Tokyo 

Mfcket Dow — 
Hong Kong: 


/ -j# 

r — ■ y 


Amsterdam: Gen 

Sydney: AO 

Frankfurt 
Commerzbank ... 
Brussels: 

General 

Paris: CAC 

Zurich: SKA Gen 
London: FT. A , 
FT. Gifts 

Closing prices 


1896.37 (-15.69)- 

18788.94 (-41.70) 

2449.43 (-13-801 

284.0 (-2.1 ) 

1438.1 (+0.4) 

.... 2033.6 (-17.5) 


4049.96 i-18.61) 
414.3 (+1-8 
_... 554.20 1-7.5) 

n/a 

;::: ; 8^39 (+0.15) 
Page27 


RISES: 

Unread — — 

APV Holdings — 
United Scientific 
Godfrey Davis -- 
Squirrel! Horn — 

Da La Rue 

Gus’A’ 

BP 

Carton Com. 
London & Cont . 
Pee! Holdings ... 

Jantar 

MountWgh . — 

Woohvonh 

Steetley 


9to(+l6p) 

=11 

125p{+8pj 

68p(+11pj 

374p(+9p 

1Q38p (+21 pi 

_704p(+16p) 

„1Q35p(+45p 

120p (+10p) 

525p (+15pj 

55p(+l2p) 
1l40p (+45p) 


Risk of using a licensed dealer 


Sid not expected to sell out 







By Richard Lander and Peter Gartfond 


INTEREST RATES 

London: Bank Base: 11% 

3-month Interbank 
3-monlh eJigiWe 

uSS%mRate 7*% 

Federal Funds 

3-month Treasury Bite 5^6.48% 
30-year bonds l00 13 is-10D% 

CURRENCIES 

London: New 7»fc 

£514325 $.-£14322 

£ Indax^afi S: Index:) 1 1 -0 _ 


BncK -.. r 2S7p(-2^ 

Speyhawk — 

Craton Lodge ..... 68p(-t2p) 

Prices are as at 4pm ■ 


London Fixing: 

flasaasgassTi*. 

27555 ) 


naSSSoB sdr£0.84050s 



Mafions of private ap- 
plicants for tbe British Gas 
share flotation should receive 
their tetters of allocation to- 
day, although City analysts 
believe that any wave of selling 
6y “Sids” will be smaller and 
gentler than first thought 
Far from wilting yesterday 
at tbe prospect of an army of 
Skis hearing down on their 
stockbrokers and bankers, 
British Gas shares firmed 
l%p to 64%p - 29 per cent 
above their 50p partly-paid 
flotation price. 

Volume contmaed to he very 
heavy with 164 miUioa shares 

^hang in g hands 

Tbe shares* premium, al- 
though healthy, is weft below 
the early slagging profits 
experienced with toe TSB and 
British Telecom notations, 
giving private shareholders 
less incentive to sell out 
immediately. - 
It also appears that many 
investors have become more 


sophisticated since tbe BT 
float and probably understand 
better the benefits from wait- 
ing for the biQ vouchers to be 
sent out next year. 

- "I think the SMs are going 
to be more canny than the 
market thinks,” said Ms Sue 
Graham, energy analyst at 



Merrill Lynch. “They should 
beware of the institutions put 
to rattle them and get them to 
sell their shares cheaply.” 

Indeed, one .analyst said 
some institutions had sold 
British Gas short last week hi 
the hope of buying the shares 
back at foster prices after the 


allocation letters went put. 

This scramble to cover short 
positions, along with pur- 
chases by other institutions at 
home and abroad seeking 
British Gas for their kmg-tevm . 
portfolios, should help to 
underpin demand and absorb 
any selling that does come 
from individuals. 

Most private investors who 
wanted to sell their British 
Gas shares before receiving 
theft allocation letters had no 
alternative but to sell through 
a licensed dealer. 

But apart from losing out in 
terms of price, setting through 
a lice used dealer carries toe 
risk of having One’s name put 
on a malting list, and therefore 
receiving, mmoltefted invita- 
tions to invest in speculative, 
tittle-known companies. 

Now, aimed with then- 
allocation letters, investors 
will almost certainly be quoted 
a better price from one of the 
four brokers to the issue 



That’s right. Buy a 3M Whisper Telex and we’ll meet the 
cost of installing yourTelex line. * If you already have a Telex 
¥T7 \ line, we’ll pay for your first quarterly line 

VyO /Irk rental instead. That’s nor all. We’ll 
▼ v Vl-V/f deliver and install the 3M Whisper 
Telex, and show you how to use it, at no extra charge. And 
you get easy-to-use instruction cards and 10 rolls of paper free. 

With 3M Whisper Telex, you ger a fall Telex facility. 

A compact, virtually silent, desk- top terminal that is 
unbelievably easy to use- And a built-in printer that 
eliminates rhe extra cost of additional hardware. 

At £1295, the 3M Whisperlelex is still the most affordable 
direct entry into the world’s network of 2 million users. 
Nowhere else will you find such a low-priced telex system 
or this free installation package. 

For more information fill in the 
coupon or phone this number 


0272 217300 



rpiw^nJ more mfornwrion jhttir th* 3M Whi>fcr Telex live imnlbti^n rackawTI 

I Name J 

I Fharwn ~ j 

I Company _ j 

I Address tie I 


I To Business Cammuntcatitai Products, 
j United Kingdom PLC. FREEPOST. 

J JM House. PO Box No 1. Bracknell. 

| Berkshire RGI2 1BR. Tel: (0344) 58865 

i *OHcrcl«BnDrteafeaJt«(lQ*»6 JMnimirwL 










BUSINESS AND FINANCE 


THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1981 


AMR 

ASA 

MHB0 


WhCWmra 

Alcoa 

Amextnc 

Am'ntaHs 


55* 

38% 

42* 

67% 

2% 

32% 

12% 

23% 


Am Brands 45 


tea 

80% 

28% 


Am Car 

SS&R" _ 

Am Express 98 

Am Home 79 
Am Motors 3 
AmSfma 42% 
AmTetaph 26* 
Amoco 67 
Armco Steel 5 

Asareo 14 

AshtsndCM 57% 
AtmcMflld m 
Avon Ptoda 30% 
BtasTstNY 46% 
Bartamer iss 
Bk of Baton 41% 
Bank of NY 40% 
Beth Steel 4% 

BseSasede 
Srten 47% 
BgWOTwr 39% 
BnstMvem 60% 
BP 40 

Burton Ind 40% 
Burton Ntn 58% 
Brunswick 32% 

CmptMlSp 58% 
CanPacffie 12% 
CjBefpte- 

Catenae 


240% 
Central SW 35 
Champion 31% 
Chase Man 38% 
ChmBkNY 44% 
Chevron 
Chrysler 


55% 
38% 
42% 
67% 
2 % 
33% 
12 % 
22% 
44% 
89% 
81% 
28% 
99 
79 
3 

42* 
26% 
64% 
5% 
14% 
57% 
69% 
30% 
46% 
15 
41% 
40% 
4% 
51% 
61% 
48% 
38% 
01 
39% 

40% 
59% 
33 
S9H 
12 % 
39% 39% 


241% 

35% 

31% 


Clark ! _ 
Coca Cola 


45 
48% 47 

39% 38% 
53% 53% 
20 % 20 % 
37% 38% 
42% 42% 

131% 131% 


Dec 

12 


Dec 

11 


Firestone 27% 
Fst Chicago 31% 
FstmtBncp 54% 
Fst PannC 9% 
Fort 58% 

FTWachva 38% 
GAP Carp 39% 

GTE Cora 59% 

Gen Corn 80% 

GmDfmm 72% 
GenBK0fc 84% 
Gen test 18% 

GOT MRs 41% 

Gen Motets 69% 

GnPbUtny 23% 
Genesee 3% 
Georgia Pee 38% 
Sfltoto 48% 
Goodrich 45 
Goodyear 42% 
Gotwhc 18% 
Gran 51% 
GtAtt&Tac 23% 
GrUftd 32% 
Gutman Cor 26% 
Gtdf&West 66% 
Heinz HJ. 41% 
Hernias 55% 

HTefl-Pfcrd 42% 
HoncwraO 64% 
1C ten 24% 
fngersaa G 6 % 
Wond State 18% 
IBM 128% 
HCO 12 

W Paper 75% 
tetTefiw 53% 
bvtegBank SO 
Jhnsn & Jhn GBK 
Kaiser Alien 13 
Kerr McGee 28% 
KmbljrCtt 83% 
KMert 


LTvTCorp 

Linen 

Lockheed 


Lucky Strs 30% 
ManHW 47% 

ManriHsCp 

Mapco 
Marine Md 


27% 
31% 
54% 
9 

56% 
38% 
40% 
59 
81 
72% 
85% 
18% 
41% 
70 
23% 
3% 
38% 
49 
44% 
43 
18% 
SZH 
23% 
32% 
26% 
67% 
42% 
55% 
43* 
65% 
24% 
56 
18% 
128 
12 
76% 
53% 
50% 
70% 
13% 
29% 
84% 
46% 
30% 
1% 
78 
SO* 
30% 
47% 
2 % 2 % 
81% 61 
46% 45* 


Dec 

12 


Dec 

II 


WALL STREET 


47% 

30% 

1* 

78% 

50% 



44% 

44% 

Wl Mariana 

39% 

40 

CmblnEng 

32 

31% 

Masco 

27% 

28* 

ComwttilSl 

33% 

33% 

McDonalds 

62* 

63* 

ComBSs 

47% 

43% 

McDcnnei 

73% 

73* 

Cn Not Gas 

33% 

34 

Mead 

55* 

56* 


16% 

18% 

March 

112 

113* 

Cntri Data 

26% 

26% 

MbwUMng 

114% 

114% 

Coming GJ 

56% 

S6X 

Mobil Of 

40 

39 

CPC m3 

77% 

77* 

Monsanto 

77* 

78 

Cram 

34% 

34% 

Morgan JP. 

87% 

87% 

Grtfcs Mrt 

53% 

53% 

Motorola 

38% 

37 

DataGanL 

31% 

32% 

NCR Corn 

48% 

48% 


33% 

23% 

NL Indsn 

6K 

5* 

Delta Mr 

48% 

49* 

NotDtsUrs 

48* 

46% 

Detroit Ed 

17* 

17% 

Nat Med Bit 

23% 

24* 

DtgiMEtt 

106* 

107% 

NatSmcndt 

10* 

11 

DSnw 

45% 

45% 

Norfolk Sth 

86% 

85 

DowCtem 

60% 

59* 

NWeoncrp 

38% 

38* 

Dresser ted 

19* 

19% 

OcddntPet 

28 

27* 

Duka Power 

47% 

48* 

Ogden 

44% 

44* 

DuPont 

86* 

87* 

OfnCorp 

41* 

43 


68* 

68% 

OwORS-ft 

50% 

50* 

Eaton Corp 

7B 

74* 

PacQssS 

24% 

24* 

Emerson El 

87* 

88% 

Pan Am 

h 

4% 

Emery Mir 

12 % 

12% 

Penneyj.C. 

76% 

76% 

Exxon Corp 

71* 

68% 

Ponnzou 

69* 

67* 

Fed Dot Sts 

85* 

86* 


26% 

28* 


Pfizer 61 
PhetesOga 21% 
PNtoMns 74* 
PMpSPK 11% 
PobrtU 68% 
PPGInd 73% 
PrcfrGnu 77% 
PbSE&G- 41% 
Raytheon 68% 
rtenkteMet 4}% 
RocfcMfilnt 45% 
Royal Duch 92% 
SOT Lae 69% 
SFESopac 30% 
SchTbaraer 33% 
Scott Paper 63 
Seagram 61% 
saareFttx* 41 % 
Shall Trans 54% 
Singer 39% 
SnttridnBk 89% 
Sm 21% 

Sth Col Ed 35% 
SrWstnBel 112 
StdOi 49% 
Starling Drg 48% 
StevmJP 38% 
Sun Comp 56% 
TatoOyne 308* 
Tonnaca 37% 
Texaco 34% 
Texas E Cor 29% 
Texas Inst 122 
Texas Utls 32% 
Textron 65% 
TravftsCQr 44% 
TOW Inc 93 
UAL me 58 
UnfievarNV 229% 
Unisys 82% 
Un&rtxle 22* 
UnPacCor 63% 
Utri Brands 32* 
USGCorp 40 
UtdTechnol 46% 
USXCorp 21% 

Unocal 26% 
Jim Water 49 
wnwrUnbt 57% 
WMtsRKrao 104% 
WMtfWS 59% 

- 39* 

99% 

41 

Xerox Corp soft 
Ztott 20% 


62 
21* 
75% 
10 % . 
69% 
74% 
78% 
41 

67% 

41% 

45 

92% 

70 

31% 

32% 

63% 

62% 

41* 

54% 

39% 

90% 

21 % 

35% 

112 % 

48% 

47 

38% 

55% 

310 

37% 

33% 

29* 

122 * 

32% 

65% 

44* 

93% 

58 

229 

81* 

22* 

63% 

32% 

40 

47% 

21 % 

25% 

49 

57% 

104% 

59* 

39% 

70* 

41% 

61% 

21 


CANADIAN PRICES 

26* 26% 
38* 38% 
11 11 
17% 17 
13 13% 

29% 29 

26* 26* 
23% 22% 
32% 32* 
49 48* 

38% 39* 
30* 30* 

85 86* 

18* 18% 
31% 30% 
£55 £67 
12% 12% 
31* 31% 


AgncoEag 
Aten Alton 
AtgomaStl 
Can Pacific 
ConSnoo 
ConBamrat 

Hkr/SWCon 

HdsnBMn 


Co 

ThmsiN'A’ 

KgprCo-p 


Dow loses 
ground 
at start 

New York (Hater) - Wall 
Street shares coo timed to lose 
ground in early trading yes- 
today because of a weak bond 
market and ariatrage-rdated 

grdlnrfl. 

A slightly bigo-ttaa-ex- 
pected rise in last month’s 
industrial production — of §.6 
per cent - also hit trading 
because it btarte d op timism 
about interest rate cots. 

The Dow Jones i ndu st rial 
average was down 1*00 points 
at 1£9&06. Declining issues 
led shares by a three to one 
margin on a volume of 36 
mOtion shares. 

Texas Commerce, which- 
has agreed to merge with 
Chemical, rose 7 A to 27M. 
Texas American rose VA to 
16 H in sympathy* traders 
said. 

AT&T was op Vi to 26%, 
Baxter was up % at 20 W, 
Ioterfirst was unhanged at 5, 
American Electric was down % 
at 28 and USX was down Vi at 
ZL 

IBM was down (A at 126 and 
Frees Energy was down Vi at 
14%. 

The transportation average 
was down 9.94 points at 
824.83, utilities were down 
1.50 at 208.14 and stocks, at 
743 .03, were down 6.51 points. 

Meanwhile, tbe Standard & 
Poor’s 100 index was down 
1.74 at 233 . 66 . The S and P 
composite was down 120 at 
245JS. 


Legal action to be 
taken by JFB 
against auditors 

*■ * . mi ,li» w vfpnmce sfa 


By John Bell, 

CityEditor 

Engineering group Johnson 
& Firth Brown is taki ng leg al 
action against the former 
auditors of its subsidiary, Gills 
Pressure Castings, which re- 
corded losses of £1.7 milhon 
last year. - 

In June, JFB daimed that 
“serious financial dis- 
crepancies’' had emerged al 
Gills and that “financial 
information had been falsified 
over a number of years un- 
detected by audit procedures.” 

At that time, the board said 
that the irregularities at Gill 
involved consistent over-in- 
voicing and over-valuation of 
stodedesigned to produce the 
false impression of growing 
order books. 

JFB’s chairman Mr John 
day revealed yesterday that 
since the financial year ended 
in September, Gills had been 
sold for a nominal sum and 
that full provision of £300,000 
for the loss on sale had been 
taken in the accounts. In 
addition, trading losses of £1.7 
million, of which a substantial 
pan related to previous years, 
were taken above tbe line in 
the profit and loss account 

A writ was issued on 
December 10 against Howard 
Tilly & Co, Gills’ former 
auditors, seeking substantial 
damages in connection with 



John Clay: problems at one 
of the subsidiary companies 
the audit of Gills’ accounts in 
earlier years. 

Mr Clay gave no indication 
of the extent of the legal claim 
for images though Gin has 
cost the group around £2 
million in recent years. 

The group also announced 
profits of £4.57 million for the 
year to end September, a 
tumround from a loss of £3.96 
milli on in the previous 12 
months. For the first lime in 
several years, the accounts are 
relatively free from the effects 
of large scale rationalization, 
disposal, write-off and capital 
reconstruction that has dog- 
ged the group's recent past 

Mr Gay revealed that the 
re maining arrears of dividend 


on the preference shares are to 

be paid and that ordinary 
shareholders can expect a 
nominal dividend on their 
shares of fX25p — the first 
payment since 1980. 

The chief executive, Mr 
Roy Shephard, pointed ou t 

that the reconstruction of JFB 
was now two-thirds complete, 
with debt down from £25 
million to £15 million and 
financial stability restored. 
“We no longer have to meet 
with our bankers on a 
monthly basis and we can now 
look cautiously for some 
acquisitions,” be said 

Current trading was, he 
highiv competitive but 
he and his' colleagues were 
cautiously optimistic. 

The level of activity in 
aerospace remained high and 
this was reflected in tbe results 
of Glossop Superalloys and 
Firth Derihon. The Firth 
Vickers foundry was obtaining 
the benefits of the rationaliza- 
tion with Sheepbridge Alloy 
castings. Firth Brown castings 
returned to profit for the first 

time for some years and would 
show the benefits in the 
current year from the_ ac- 
quisition of Sheepbridge 
Equipment. 

But he gave a warning that 
the last quarter of fiscal 1986 
indicated reduced demand in 
some of the group’s busi- 
nesses. 


Costs drive out 

RFD Aviation 

By Robert Rodwell 

Aviation, which in international markets and 


RFD - 

makes inflatable life-rafts, is 
moving its financial manage- 
ment. design and engineering 
development sections from 
Godaiming in Surrey to its 
factory al Duwn array, near 
Belfast, because of high costs. 

The company is shedding 
50 jobs at the Godaiming 
office. 

This provides a rare exam- 
ple of a Northern Ireland 
subsidiary gaining jobs at the 
expense of its parent company 
in m ainland Britain. 

The decision to transfer was 
made after a takeover last 
June by the plastic sheeting 
maker, Wardle Storeys, 
according to the parent 
company’s chief executive, Mr 
Brian Taylor. 

He said; “It costs roughly 
£7 JO a sq ft a year simply to 

have a manufacturing opera- 
tion in Godalming; here in 
Dunmurry it is little more 
than a £1 a sq ft 

“But other factors are the 
sheer cost and unavailability 
of production labour in 
Godaiming, where the age 
profile of our shopfloor work- 
er* has been a lot nearer 60 
years than 30.” Only a 
marketing office is likely to 
remain in the South-east. 

The move was crucial, Mr 
Taylor said, if the company’s 
cost basis was to be reduced 
sufficiently for it to compete 


rebuild its market share. 

RFD's aviation products 
division, which also makes 
Mae West life-jackets and 
escape chuics. is to be merged 
with its marine equipment 
division, which has been at 
Dunmurry since J95J. 

The move, costing more 
than £1 million, is well under 
wav and the Dunmurray 
workforce has been increased 
from 165 to more than 200 
since August. 

Six Godaiming employees 
are being offered transfers to 
Northern Ireiand. 

One has accepted uncondi- 
tionally and three others are 
working one-year contracts in 
Belfast before malting a final 
derision. 

The merged divisions will 
trade under the restored name 
RFD Inflatabies. 

The transfer parallels a 
similar move by its sister 
company. GQ Parachute from 
Woking.' Surrey, to South 
Wales which is under way. 

All parachute manufacture 
has been transferred and 
about 90 have been made 
redundant at Woking. 

GQ Defence Equipment 
which makes weapon trainers 
for the armed services was 
being sold to another defence 
contractor, Mr Taylor said. 


Chinatown 
firm to 
seek quote 


Syndicates 
sell-off 
at Hogg 





MAJOR UK INVESTMENT BANK 


As you can see, some computer 
systems have withstood the pressures 
Of this year better than others. 

For instance, all gilt transfers 
passed smoothly through ICL systems 
- as they have for the past 20 years. 

Our ongoing record at BAGS (the 
largest Automated Clearing House in 
the world) really speaks for itself. 

And now; in the wake of Big Bang, 
over 60% of all equity transactions 
are settled through ICL systems. 


to achieve all this, we have not only 
helped many of the newly formed 
financial groups make sense of their 
different types of systems, but also 
supplied many new arrivals with our 
products and services. 

Furthermore, we are currently 
bringing to the market special com- 
pliance systems designed to provide 
the internal safeguards required in 
the new trading environment 
In short, not only do we have a 


team of experts with a rather special 
understanding of the City’s needs, but 
computer systems that have success- 
fully lived uptothe business challenges 
of our many clients in the City. Both 
before and after Big Bang. 

And, putting our innate modesty to 
one side, we hope thafs something you 
won’t mind us 
banging on 
about 


We should be talking to each other 



^•ftreN^mARMcainOT cl is a member of tvs sre pic group 



Mr Peter Levy and Mr 
Jonathan Lane, both former 
directors of Stock Conversion, 
are setting up Shaftesbury, a 
new property company own- 
ing the heart of London's 
Chinatown, 

Shaftesbury has acquired a 
£14 million portfolio from P& 
O, the company which took 
over Stock Conversion this 
year. The company has £10 
million in paid-up equity and 
owns 31 freehold properties in 
Chinatown and shops and 
offices in Brampton Road, 
Knightsbridge. 

Mr Levy, the chairman, said 
the company was already 
looking at a number of 
opportunities to expand and a 
stock market quotation would 
be sought soon. 


By Onr City Staff 

Hogg Robinson, the Lloyd’s 
broker, travel and estate 
agency, is divesting itself of 
Lloyd’s syndicates 2, 285 and 
558. 

The management of the 
Hogg subsidiary, Gardner 
Mountain, and Capef-Cnre 
agencies is baying the syn- 
dicates for a percentage of 
retained profit commissions 
for the underwriting years 
1984 to 1989 iochsive and 
£60,000 book value. 

Pretax profit contribution to 
die Hogg group would have 
been £487,000 for the year 
ending last March, according 
to the sale formula agreed. 

This month, Hogg sold off 
Its much larger Janson Green 
nndenmtzizg agency business 
on a similar basis. 


COMPANY -NEWS:-; 


Holmes tops target 



Holmes & Marchant, the 
sales promotion and graphic 
consultancy, beat its 
t$ forecast of £1.95 mil- 
ion. when it produced pretax 
profits of £2 million for tbe 
year to tbe end of September, 
compared with £ 1.24 million 
in the previous year. The total 
dividend is 3.15p, against Lip 
previously. 

The marketing service sec- 
tor remains buoyant and turn- 
over from new and existing 
clients is higher in the current 
year. The company is at an 
advanced stage of talks to buy 
a public relations company. 

• BENCHMARK GROUP; 
Talks are on with Chariton Seal 
Dimmock and CO, Manchester 
and London stockbrokers, 
which are expected to lead to a 
conditional agreement for the 
acquisition of Charlton. 

• STANDARD SECURITIES: 
The company has purchased a 
freehold warehouse at Slough, 
Berkshire, from investment cli- 
ents of Fuller Pciser. This 

.. , which comprises 

, sq ft of accommodation 

on a site of about 1.8 acres, is let 
to Sem peril UK until 1990. The 
purchase price was dose to £1.1 
million, showing an initial re- 
turn to Standard of a little above 
9 per cent 

• W CANNING: In tbe circular 
dealing with the acquisition of 
Ipco Carp and the proposed 
takeover of Inhalation Therapy 
Services, the board reaffirms its 
opinion that the outlook for 
second half is good. 

RAINBOW CORPORA- 
TION: This New Zetland conv- 
oy which recently opened a 
lush investment office has 
conditionally agreed to acquire 
24.3 million shares (about 90 
per cent) of Dah Yuan Real 
Estate of Hong Kong for about 
NZ$27 million (£9.7 million). 
The company will become 
Rainbow's bedding company for 
its investments outside Austral- 
asia and will form an important 
link with Rainbow's UK 
operations. 

,• BULMER& LUMB: ATC 
owns or has irrevocable under- 
takings to accept, or procure 
acceptance of its offer for 3.49 
milhon ordinary shares (40.7 
per cent). One of the undertak- 
ings to accept (for 795.045 
shares) will cease to be binding if 
a higher offer is made. 

• PROPERTY AND REVER- 
SIONARY INVESTMENTS: 
The board has decided that the 
interests of shareholders are 
better served by concluding the 
merger with Lymon Holdings. 
The Spey hawk proposals would 
have involved shareholders ei- 
ther selling their shares for cash 
ax a discount to net assets or 
accepting Speyhawk shares, so 
diluting the asset-backing for 
their investment and reducing 
the quality of earnings. 

jhawk has been Informed 
_jat this proposal will not be 
recommend ed to shareholders. 

• BROAD STREET GROUP: 
Permission "has been granted to 
deal in 397,727 new ordinary 
shares on the' USM. These 

( shapes will be issued as consid- 
eration for the acquisition of 
GDP. 


• FORWARD TECHNOL- 
OGY INDUSTRIES: 

Cambrasound (Holdings) has 
been sold to HWF Number 
Twenty, a company owned by 
the family trust of Mr G 
Ambrose, a former director of 
Cambrasound, which makes . 
accessories for the storage and J 
care of gramophone records, etc. 

The cons ideration is £450.000 
cash. FTI will also be entitled to 
cash payments of 10 per cent of 
Cambrasound's pretax profit for 
each of three years ending in 
1989. The company obtained 
from the Stock Exchange a 
waiver from the requirement to 
seek shareholders' approval for 
this disposaL 

• RICHARDS: Year to Sept. 

30. Total dividend 1.9p (1.6p). 
Turnover £16.46 million 
(£13.78 million). Pretax profit 
£728,000 (£512,000). Extraor- 
dinary item: £1.62 million credit 
(nil). Earnings per share 4.26p 
(3.3 Ip). The current year has 
started satisfactorily and pros- 
pects for the year look good, the 
board declares. Richards' bal- 
ance sheet is strong and there are 
no borrowings. 


'i 


More company news 
is on page 24 

• LUCAS INDUSTRIES: 
Sir Godfrey Messervy , the chair- 
man, told the ann uli meeting 
that, so for this year, demand in 
the British automotive market 
has been even lower than the 
board had expected. It cannot 
see an improvement during the 
remainder of this year — es- 
pecially in the commercial ve- 
hicles and agricultural sectors 
which are “severely depressed." 
• BROKEN HILL PROPRI- 
ETARY: BHP has formed a 
limited partnership with Advent 
International, with an initial 
commitment of about Aus$23 
million (£10.6 million). This 
partnership, registered in the 
US. has BHP as the only lim ited 
partner, providing 100 per cent 
of the investment funds. Ad- 
vent, a Boston venture-capital 
management company, gives 
BHP access to a network of 
venture-capital managers 
around the world with over 
US$1 billion (£698 million) 
under management in small, 
emerging companies. 


BASE 


RATES 


ABN,. 


-17.0 


Adam & Company IlL( 

DPni _ . _ 


BCCI 

Citibank Savinost— 

ConsoMaied Crds... 
Co-operative Bank.-. 

C. Hoare & Co_ 

Hong Kong & Shanghai) 1.1 

Uoyds Bank il£ 

Nat Westminster 11 .C 

^yal Bank of Scotiandll.G 

TSB..._ ii n 

Citibank NA jt.fl 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 


, 11.0 

,12.4 

, 11.0 

11.01 

, 11.0 


J 







driv. 

Avia 

iobert , u 
- li 






n S 


•J . ... rr> 2 j. 

; l* s 

v. , *":-h a , P%. 

■- -••v-g&s 

■: ■ '* Vh>t 

: :;:y^S 
; "8?: 
' ,n S = C 

^naai. 

- ‘ ■• a-. 4 ! ’ 4 ah 

■ - w 

. . • _ “ Grr ■•‘ay. 

? 2 r ‘L’ia Cfc 


; ;; * 

V ';•* ' ’css « 

1 defer 


- wji 


nos 


u - ->uir 

'-'s Llv, 

rip 

- li^i. 

• 

rf? 


SSBEs,'. 


tons varas 


;r\ r. ' 






•W. f'ii ** 
i a 


ti*"u 


THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


F UTURES & 
OPTIONS 


Stock Market 


tX 8, ^ ea ^ ers f ear GEC has 

are you lost air defence order 

tllPrP^ ' By Carol Leonard P" r — = T| ^ ^ “Sf* d ,! 

(.IIva 1C • I I fV>v A*/* at 1-280^3, a gain of just 0 


BUSINESS AND FINANCE 


[ COMMENT Kenneth Fleet'! 


Oil lubricates the 
pound’s recovery 


The Futures and Options 
column takes on a seance- like 
quality this week in an at- 
tempt to find out if there is 
anyone out there who has 
been wading through its wor- 

• thy prose over the past year. 

Most of the 10 questions 
below would be easy prey to 
keen column-followers and a 
small but eminently drink- 
able. fizzy prize is on offer to 
the first correct answer drawn 
after the first post on Decem- 
ber 23. Answers on a postcard 
please to Richard Lander, 
Futures and Options Quiz^ 
The Times. 1 Pennington 
Street, London El 9XN. 

1) The date of the tin collapse 
in October 1985 coincided 
with: 

a) Save the Children Day 

b) Flag Day for the Royal 
National Lifeboat Institution 

c) United Nations Day 

2) Which London market 
moves to new docklands 
premises near The Times next 
Easter? 

a) The London Commodity 
Exchange 

bl The London Metal 
Exchange 

c) The London Inter- 
national Financial Futures 
Exchange 

5) Which stock exchange did 
the Chicago Board Options 
Exchange take over this year? 

a) San Francisco 

b) Philadelphia 

c) Cincinnati! 

4) Which futures market has 
the world's first felly auto- 
mated trading system? 

a) The New Zealand Fu- 
tures Exchange 

b) The Hong Kong Futures 
Exchange 

c) The Kuala Lumpur 
Commodity Exchange 

5) Which exchange dropped 
its potato futures contract this 
year? 

a) The Chicago Mercantile 
Exchange 

b) The. Chicago Board of 
Trade 

c) The New York Mer- 
cantile Exchange 

6 ) How much gold (approxi- 
mately) did Australia produce 
in 1985? 

a) 1.9 million ounces 

b) 2.9 million ounces 

c) 2.4 million ounces . . 

7) The coffee price has had its 
ups and downs this year. What 
was the top price reached 
(second position futures, Lon- 
don Commodity Exchange)? 

a) £3,234.50/tonne 

b) £3,007.50/tonne 

c) £2.956.50/tonne 

8 ) The Sydney Futures Ex- 
change recently launched 
linked contracts with two over- 
seas exchanges- Which one 
did it not team up with? 

a) The New York Commod- 
ity Exchange (Comex) 

b) The Chicago Board of 
Trade 

c) The London Inter- 
national Financial Futures 
Exchange 

9) Which is the most heavily 
traded futures or options con- 
tract In the world? 

a) S&P-500 stock index 
futures on the Chicago Mer- 
cantile Exchange _ 

b) S&P-I00 stock index 
options on the Chicago Board 
Options Exchange 

c) Treasury Bond futures on 
the Chicago Board of Trade 

10) The International Wheat 
CotmcD is forecasting record 
world wheat production in the 
1986-87 season. Its figure is? 

a) 520 million tonnes 

b) 530 million tonnes 

c) 570 million tonnes 

Rules: 

1. Employees of The Times, 
News International, London 
Post (Printers) Ltd and their 
families are not eligible to 
enter. 

2. Entries must be received 
by first post Tuesday. 
December 23. 

3. No correspondence will be 
entered into. 

Richard Lauder 


The City is bracing itself for 
the news - expected later this 
week - that General Electric, 
the British electronics group, 
may have lost the airborne 
eariy-warning system order to 
the US. 

, The decision, on whether 
the Government will buy 
GECs Nimrod or the rival 
Awac system proposed by 
pocing, the American avion- 
ics group and Ptessey, is due to 
be. taken at a Cabinet meeting 
on Thursday. 


! shares continue to mderpetform; 


FTA 1 
ALL SHARE, 
PRICE 


SHARE PRICE 


But a number of stock- 
brokers already consider it a 
foregone conclusion that the 
lucrative contract will go to 
Boeing — so much so that they 


, „ say the lo3s of the contract has 

iber of stock- already been largely dis- 
y consider it a counted in ibe GEC share 
usion that the price 

act will go to Mr Graham Meek, the lead- 
lch so that they ing electronics analyst at. 


Wood Mackenzie, the broker, have any hope of success. 

as 8 **. He "E £? °t! Market-makers stopped 
the Nm rod contract Jhas ial- quoted prices in Pilkisgton's 

5^ ly .J , f 1 lu diSC 2 unled - ^ shares just after 5 pm. almost 


The FT 30 Share index dosed 
at 1 ,280-3, a gain of just 0.1. 

Among blue-chip stocks, 
BTR wai the one name on 
everyone's bps in late trading, 
on speculation that today n 
might r$ise its offer for 

PHkiugtuu, the glass 
manufacturer. 

Its shares ended the day, 
unchanged at 275p, but j 
Pilkingron rushed up 14p to 
640p, as 7.5 million shares i 
went through the market 
Market men say that a new 
offer would have to be at the 
£7-a-share level if it were to 
have any hope of success. 

Market-makers stopped 


T he unlikely alliance of the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries and Nigel 
Lawson kept steriing on the road to 
recovery yesterday. Oil prices broke 
above $16 a barrel, with $18 now firmly 
in sight And the Chancellor, operating 
on the principle that the markets .have 
short memories, made his fortnightly 


comment about not wanting sterling to back above 


the Bank of England’s Brian Quinn, 
directed towards excessive credit card 
advances, some old hands in the market 
think that they have detected the first 
hint of credit controls. 

The retail sales boom has had its 
effect on Britain’s trade figures. Next 
week, unless we are very lucky, it will 
have pushed the monthly trade deficit 


Grand Met names 
US strong man 


fact that the shares aren’t 
falling any further js a sign 
that the shares may have 


an hour before Seaq's prices 
close and thus fuelling the 
rumours. The last to shut up 


. .. - . n*. ■ _ iuujuuij. a urn* woi iv juui uu 

bottomed-ouL There is now a shop in PiUdngton was Smith 
general reeling among urves- 


fall any lower. November figures are published. Unless 

The result was a half a cent gain to Whitehall has discovered some more 
$ 1 .4325 for the pound, with the steriing invisible namings from somewhere, that 
index up 0.1 to 68 . 8 . Add in some is a current account deficit in anyone’s 
indications of an easing in money language. 

market interest rates and every ingredi- This is where oil comes back into the 

ent appeared to be there for a strong gilt picture. According to Mehdi Vaxzi, the 
market Opec specialist at Kleinwort Grieveson, 

But no, the 2.4 per cent surge in retail the oil producers* meeting in Geneva is 
sales last month rekindled some old 95 per cent towards agreement and, 
fears. Gilts ended around half a point having gone this far, Opec is not going to 
lower on the day and looking distinctly let thing s go. 

soggy. The sales figures, self-evident to And so, despite the Iran-Iraq squab- 
any battered Oxford Street Saturday ble, it grows more likely that Opec will 
shopper, carried two messages for the achieve the production cuts necessary to 


billion. 


By Cliff Feltham 

Grand Metropolitan, the chairm 
brewing, hotels and leisure large j 
group at the centre of intense ities to 


chairman, has handed over a 
large part of his responsibil- 
ities to Mr Alien Sheppard, the 


bid rumours, has announced, new group chief executive, 
another key management Grand Metropolitan's share 
change in a move to price has risen strongly on 
strengthen its • United States increasing speculation that a 
operations. bid for the group is about to be 

Mr Ian Martin, who headed launched. They closed 2p 
the British brewing business, down at 473p yesterday com- 


is to become chairman and 
chief executive of GraudMet 
USA, the bolding company fori 
the 'group's consumer 
activities. 

He takes over following the 


unman and pared with a low this year of 
' GraudMet 332pL 

ompany fori Meanwhile, discussions 
consumer continue to take place between 
its brewing arm, Watney 
illowing the Mann, and rivals Courage, 


ret iiemeni of Mr Jon Old. The now pan of Mr John Elliott's 
US group includes pet foods, IXL. Watney’s has a long 
soft drinks, and child care contract to market Elders* 
centres. Grand Metrolitan re- Fosters lager which Mr Elliott 
cently pulled out of the dga- would be keen to take back 
retie business with the sale of under his own control. 


the Liggett Group. 


“Talks are taking place in 


Widespread management terms of marketing Fosters in 
changes have taken place in Britain but no announcement 


recent weeks at Grand Metro- is imminent,*’ said. Grand torer has ci- 
politaiL Mr Stanley Grinstead, Metropolitan. £ 1.4 minion 

USH begins fightback £S 
with £3.2m profit ■?«*? 


tors that this may hasten the 
GEC management to outline 
its long-term strategy." 

GECs shares remained un- 
changed yesterday at 166p — 
6 p above their low for the year 
- even though more than 7 
million shares went through 
the market At that level the 
group is valued at £4.44 
billion. 

Plessey was also heavily 
traded!, firming a penny to 
1 73p as more than 3 million 
shares, changed hands. 

Other sub-contractors 
which would benefit if Boeing 
won also gained ground. Racai 
improved. 1.5p to 177.5p. 

The GEC share price has 
consistently underperformed 
| the stock market for the past 
1 four years and there is now 
talk in some City quarters that 
its institutional investors are 
banding together to try to 

• Potypipe, tire fast-grow- 
ing plastic plumbing a ni 
drainage pipe manufac- 
turer, has gron itself a useful . 
£L4 million casb-injectioa 
by setting part of Paragon 
Plastics, the company it 
bought a couple of mouths ago 
for £53 ranEoa. The buyer 
is Glynwed International. 


By Alexandra Jackson 


The award of a £40 million 
contract accompanied 
yesterday’s return to 
profitability at United Scien- 
tific Holdings,, the. troubled 
defence contractor. * ’ 

In the first half of 1985-86, 
USH reported a pretax loss of 
£1 million, but a profit of £4.2 
million made in the second six 
months produced a pretax 
profit of £3.2 million fin* the 
year to the end of September, 
1986. 

This is well below the £10. 1 
million reported in 1984-85 
and the peak profits of £15.2 
million achieved in 1982-83. 
However, Mr Simon Street, 
investment analyst at Barclays 
de Zoete Wedd, is expectinga 
return close to previous levels 
of profitability during 1988. 


He is forecasting pretax profits 
of £10 million in the current 
year and £15 million next 
year. “The rating of the shares 
is about right at this stage," he 
said. 

The new contract has been 
awarded to Alvis, a subsidiary 
of United Scientific, for the 


exert pressure on GECs direc- 
tors to puhfidy identify their 
longer-term strategy. 

Another leading sector- 
watcher said: “If they fail to do 
this ft could result in pressure 
for a complete management 
change.” . r 

Most City experts think 
GEC may now have reached 
its lowest ebb and that things 


supply of Stormer armoured could now improve. “They’ve 
track vehicles to the army, had a very unlucky 1986 and 
Together with contacts worth this could be the turning 
£17 million and £50 million point,” added Mr Meek. 

Elsewhere, the stock market 
weeks, Unite! Sciennfic now spent a quiet, but finn session, 

gm^g “P“ me of morc 
rhirf toriy A* wben Wall Street 

op !” Kl “ a ^?' Emo<xl 


• Garda, the card dothing 
manufacturer and specialist 
engineer, eased 3p to 437p 
— in spite of a bullish buy cir- 
cular from Mr Philip Mei^ 
edith, an analyst at Kleinirort 
Grieveson. He forecasts 
profits of £45 nufikm for 
1986-87, rising to £7.3 mil- 
lion in 1987-88. 

Newcourt, just before 530 
pm. 

A profile of a leading US 
pharmaceutical analyst in 
Barrens Weekly, the respected 
Amercian weekly financial 
journal published yesterday, : 
boosted the shares of both i 
Glaxo and Wellcome. 

He recommended both 
companies as strong “buys.” I 
Glaxo, which has been a firm I 
market since its annual meet- 
ing last week on talk of 
increased shies and hopes of a 
new drug &unch early in the 
new yeafespurted another 28p 
to 977p. ^Wellcome improved 
6pto215jp. 

Gilts began die day on a 
higher, note, but drifted lower 
on the badcof the retail sales 
figures for November at mid- 
morning and closed three- 
eights lower at the longer end 
and down in the shorts. 

The buoyant mood lifted 
the partly-paid British Gas 
shares by a penny to 64p as 
164 million shares went 
through the market The ex- 
pected fall in the British Gas 
price, ahead of the flurry of 
selling which had been- -ex- 
pected today from, small 
shareholders who should by 
now have received-thetr allot- 
ment letters, failed to materi- 
alize. Market men now say the 
price could well stay at around 
its present level for the next 
few days. 


market 

The first is that the money numbers 
due on Thursday, and in particular the 
bank lending figures, could spoil many 


limit output to 16 to 16.5 million barrels 
a day, and raise prices to $18 a barrel 
That said, oil is less of a 
petrocurrency than it was. The main 


an office party. After the £3.4 billion effect of higher oil prices may be to 

f J ■ • AX 1 . „ , . ■* . 


bank lending explosion in October, 
nobody, least of all after yesterday’s 
retail sales figures, expects a sharp 
reversal to have occurred last month. 


Figures 


counteract the pressures pointing, much 
less definitely than they were, towards a 
January sterling crisis. 

The Chancellor, in his Wall Street 


November’s bank lending rise were 
doing the rounds even before 
yesterday's data. And last month. 


billion-plus for Journal interview yesterday, apart 


e were from underlining his c ommitm ent to 
before a sterling floor around current level, 
month, kept the European Monetary System 


remember, Sid was supposed to be pot boiling by repeating the’Svhen the 
deferring spending so that he could get time is ripe** formula. It would be a 
his hands on some British Gas shares, pity if a return of oil-related volatility 
He did not, and the cash to do both must for die pound meant that even the 
have come from somewhere. Chancellor would have to abandon 

After last, week’s gentle warning from his EMS hopes. 


Head start for capital 


I t took a foreign-owned bank to make The same goes for almost any 

it happen, but at the end of a 50 multinational wanting to protect itself 
minute High Court judgment yes- against moves in currencies in which it 
terday London suddenly found itself is heavily exposed. It should be far more 


with an edge over its rivals in the race to 
be the world's most attractive financial 
centre. Scandinavian Bank, the City- 
based consortium bank, tested the law 
and fotrnd that any pnUic limited 
company can hold its capital in foreign 
cniTencies as long as it maintains a small 
pool of sterling. 

What Mr Justice Hannan’s judgment 
means is that currency fluctuation will 


attractive for foreign companies to set 
up operations here and put increasing 
amounts of business through them. For 
the first time they will have the safety 
and flexibility of choosing exactly how 
to structure their capital 
Scandinavian Bank plans to match 
tiie currencies in its capital base almost 
exactly with the currency spread of its 
assets. That is a luxury permitted by its 


no longer hold the same terrors and that consortium shareholding structure 
bankers can plan the future sensibly — if which enables it to get agreement to 


their companies are registered in 
Britain. 

- For the banks it makes it easier to stay 
.within regulatory reqnirMnents — ratios 
and the frke.- rr ' without slow ed 
expensive .capital raising excetirises. 
Hence the enthusiasm for the idea from 
the Bank of England and the Treasury. 
The whole business of planning risk is 
simplified. 


complex maneouvres quickly. 

Others institutions, such as the 
clearing banks which have already 
expressed iheir desire for dollar denomi- 
nated capital, would find it harder to get 
approval for a total restructuring. They 
are more likely to limit their activity to 
issuing any future capital in foreign 
currency. Some merchant banks may 
find it easier to go for total restructuring. 


Holdings, said “In the first 
two months of the current 
year, we have been trading 
ahead ofbudgets. The outlook 
is encouraging.” 

IN THE MARKET 


The FT-SE 100 share index 
notched up a gain of 113 
points at 2 pm, but then i 
turned lower and closed just 
73 points' higher at 1,637.0. 


How to profit from inside information 

(without insider trading) 


Curse of the J-Curve 
may well be lifting 


Ben Wrey does not look like 

Fu Manchu — more your % US INFLATION RATE 

typical City gent. But the - 2 p AND P/E RATIOS 

managing, director of Hender- . A 

son Administration, the Brit- 0 - * A 

ish leader in independent fund « - - 1 1 
management, sounds Oriental 

as he leans forward and talks 4 -tj ■ Ji 1= -ii 
about the Curse of the J- ;1 ■ ? g 

Curve. 6 "li * 

J-Curve? This is the latest _ _ |1 
buzz term among economists \\ 

keeping good company and 10 - ru gmt ■ 

long hours. When a country’s '\ P/E RATI 

currency fells, export selling 12 - 1 1 Standard & 

prices become cheaper, tot 14 L “ 

only after a time. Meanwhile, scab 

imports grow dearer and the , , — , - , — T 

trade balance worsens before 1945 ■ 50 55 60 s 

the improvement takes place. HandereonA 

The United States is testing 

the J-Curve to destruction, very bold, as it appears _ to 


P/E RATIOS 
Standard & Poore 
500 

Right hand 
scale 

1 1 r — 1 t 

5 60 65 70 75 

Henderson m Wn Wa a on 


INFLATION 

Left hand 
scale 


A .* 

/ 1 # j 


Mountleigh 
jumps to 
£13m pretax 

Mountleigh Group, the fast- 
growing property group which 
relies on trading for most of its 
income, has reported a leap m 
pretax profits from £2.3 mil- 
lion to £13 million for thejix 
months to the end of October. 

Mr Ronald Clegg, the ebanj 
man, said Mountleigh 
made a good start to the 
second half and has con- 


the J-Curve to destruction, very bold, as it appears _ to and the stock market should 
The dollar has been devalued double guess the motivation add up to 20. 
by 30 per cent since its March behind Operation Persuasion, Underlying the rule is the 
1985 peak. Yet the trade the US diplomatic offensive idea that an inverse correla- 
deficit is at record levels, with towards Europe. Persuasion tion exists between the price- 
the yearly gap still about $170 ended with a meeting between earning s ratio and inflati on, 
billion (£119 billion). James Baker, US Treasury Periods of high inflation gen- 

The failure, so far, of the J- Secretary, and Gerhard Slot- erate low quality earnings; 
Curve hypothesis, is wreaking tenberg, his opposite number hence the market multiple will 


havoc in financial markets, in West Germany. Some claim tend to felL In periods' of low 
The dollar has been sold Baker warned 0 < a further .US inflation, or even disinflation, 
heavily. The New York bond dollar devaluation, perhaps to investor tolerance of a high 
market has moved erratically. DM1.80, ahead of a first multiple will grow, since this 
And the Federal Reserve quarter next year which could reflects increased confidence 


And the Federal Reserve quarter next year which could 
Board is under great pressure show negative real growth, 
to run accommodative mone- But the dollar has been 


reflects increased confidence 
on the part of portfolio man- 
agers wout the quality of 


tary credit policies next yearto stronger against the mark and corporate earnings. 


Applying the rule to Wall 


gee things op. , might be buoyant in 1987. Nor Applying the rule to Wall 

The “Curse of the Curve” is can the recent strong showing Street suggests that New York 
seen in the financial markets’ by Wall Street be ignored. In is quite seriously undervalued, 
sense of weary expectancy. It the wake of“Boeskygate" and The target p/e is 14 or lower, 


Average selling off by some clearly has scope to appreciate 


man, said Mountieign also helps to explain why Wall the Iran arms scandal traders while inflation is still only 

made a gwd sart to 5 ^^ has been relatively saw the Dow Jones Industrial about 3Vz per cent Wall Street 

second halt ’ dreary in the past year. Average selling off by some clearly has scope to appreciate 

traded to buy rurtner ® gen Wrey's next statement 300 points and dropping back before the two components in 
properties at a cost ot. w ^ Iess colourful but more into the mid-1 500s. The qpp- the rule come to 20. And the 
million. The company rascu rovocat jve. He sees J-Curve osite has happened. The mar- main force driving earnings 
in Pudsey, Yorwnire,ai bencfits accru ing sharply to ket is hanging on just below higher, corporate multiples 

intends to expand overseas, ^ ^5 j n 19S7. with the trade 2,000. • lower, and ultimately stock 

including a stncuy nmiiro fiance showing improve- As a clincher to the arga- prices better must be the 

exposure ra uie menL ment, Ben Wrey invokes his lagged impact of J-Curve 

Shareholders, wno na T n i e rms of asset allocation. Rule of 20. Like all good City benefits feeding throueh to 


A quick chat over lunch. A chance to gance 
casualty at some papers, literally asiogte word 
on the phone. 

Everyone knows how the biggestJdlliiuB 
on the stockmaftttareawteto 
came from inside information. 

But getting hold of the facts isn’t easy. 

You need to be on the inside track to catch such 
Gtywhispeis. 

Which is what the contributors to 
Stockmarfcet Confidential da 

THE EXPERTS’ MARKET 

Stockmarket Confidential (or SMC for short) 
isa down-to-earth news shed which is sent, by 
first class post, every Wxinesday evening. 

Despde ilsinnociions appearance, it is 
eagerly read on Thursday momlngby a handful 
of investors upand down thecountry. 

Some of them will be profeffi tonal stock- 
brokers, heads of industry and other oilrig 
financial experts. Between them they may 
control, literal^ millions of pounds. 

Others wfil be smaller, private 
investors sometimes ^ with as IftHe as S500 
or £1J)00 with which to roecnlate. 

But what every reader of SMC has in 
common is the desire to discover what is lOrety 
to happen on thestockmarket that coming week. 

Bluntly, they want to know which shainesare 
going to go up, and which shares are going to 
comedown. And they want to know why. 

THESECRETOF 
INVESTMENT SUCCESS 

The only way to make money on the 
stockmarfcet is to have reliable advice and the 
ability to move fast, before the word getearound 
and prices rocks. 

In SMC ire mate buying and selling 
recommendations, offer sound investment 
analysis and, most important of ail, suggest one 
or more “Hot 1ips"forthe week. 

Every week you will be sent ty 1st dass mail 
jour latest bsueofSMCIfyou don’t acton our 
"HotHps B miicktyymi may miss theboaL Other 
SMCsubscribere will have already pushed 
prices up. 

Because SMC contains genuine inside" 
information we can guaranteeyou won't find it 
published anywhere else. 

I/ymj want some rrallife examples of how 
you could have profited from 5MC look atour 
Profit Record shown here. 






?•- <•- 


FULL PROFIT RECORDFROM 
20th AUGUST-lOfliDGCEMBER 1988 

Itts alt very weO knowing wbat to boy — tbe iwri 
KcmhkoiMiiigwtattoseiLThfebourfaB’teD" 
record ritKe the ZOlhAngust 1986. 


am***' 

RatoeotWcOen) 

CunooSLlmSKsii 

Hng me iGttMp 

iincupga i 

Sat-PtmOrmp 

GoodBeistifiai 

S&USksa 

Ihu U hB B p 

Goode Den-anl 4 Murray 

SCafetHoUnp 

S. Jerome &Som (Holdings) 

M t y t r lnl gj»«io« l 

MeaJTVadeSoppBen 

BiyuiHoJdhw 

Betkkj'sBratej 

Tfflany Group 

AngBa Secure Hones 

MagnetASoatfacra 


Bang* for. SaUfac XOta 

ISfip 190p 17% 

lOSp 129p 19% 

84p 267p 211% 

27p !S0p 447% 


more,youh»eourassuranceth^noneofthis 
will be leaked by anyone before publication. 

HOW WE WILL DOUBLE 
YOURMONEY IN SIX WEEKS 

For maity years now we have put our money 
where our mouth is in a unique way. Ufe hold a 
Flee Prize Draw which you’re welcome to enter. 

If you win, you'll receive 5500 to spend or 
invest asyou please. Wfe’d suggest thatyou invest 
it in any one erfour "Hot Tips” for that wedt. 
Because ifyoudo, and yourS500 of shares aren't 
worth£l ,000 within six weeks, well make up 
tire difference in cash. 

That's right, we're so confident that 
our advice Is sound, we believe that £500 
will be worth £ 1 , 000 in Just sis weeks! 

Evoyone is welcome to enter this Free Prize 
Drew. No purchase is necessary. A full list of Free 
Prize Draw winners and foil rules are available 
on receipt of as^a Winners' names are 
published in SMC The closing dale 0 / the draw 
is 31st December 1986. 

FREE! TEN TOIAL ISSUES 

Of course, share prices can go down, as well 
as up. But we don't want you to risk a penny of 
your own money until you’re convinced that you 
will make aprofit byactingon our advice. 


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WHY YOU CAN ACT WITH 
SUCH CONFIDENCE 
The editor of SMC hearsali theGty 

whisperaDaybydayhepicksupinskte ■ 
information, analyses thedatatoseewhether 
the facts support it, and each week he distils,his 
fi ridings into two or three hot tips solely for the 
benefit of SMC subscribers. 

toucan move with confidence because 
you'ieactiog on inside information. Whaft 


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ten issues of SMC, absolutely free,Thisway you 
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If you deckle not to continue with SMC 
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tour subscription will be paid automatically 
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STOCKMARKET 

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Office-. 57-61 Mortaner 
Na. 738249 LaxJon. 


SUZ6H1 


seen Mountieigh’s sh^s 

more than double this yenr. 
arc being paid an 
dividend of 6 p against 3p. A 
five-forgone scrip issue is 

planned 


the US in 1987. with the trade 
balance showing improve- 
ment- . 

In terms of asset allocation, 
this means Wall Street could 
well be the best market to be in 
next year. Performance funds, 
please note! 

The prognostication is also 


2 , 000 . 

As a clincher to the argu- 
ment, Ben Wrey invokes Ins 


lower, and ultimately stock 
prices better must be the 
lagged impact of J-Curve 


DBECTDEBniNG KANDHE 


Rule of 20. Like all good City benefits feeding through to 
nostrums, this is a rule of earnings, 
thumb ridiculed by the purists Is the Curse about to be 
and utilized by everyone else, lifted? 

The role holds that for the US r»„__ 

system the rate of inflation CllllStOpiier DUQD 





business and finance 


THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


1 S»*s 11 

> niWn wHouatti* 

• rfa**NUiiw% 

: :«SS2±ife’ ,l " a 


MONEY MARKETS AND GOLD 


Owfngwropm 11 ctose 

1 weak mnth « 

immn iix*ii% 9mnm ii*»-iix 
Smntti 11^ia*11x 12 mth ii»i*-im 


DofigrCDsnu 
1 moth 6.45*40 3mrthi26*20 

6mnth6.1M.10 12mth 6.15*10 


EURO MONEY DEPOSITS % 


COMPANY NEWS 


■;=R 13 r 
iiS® 80 ®***. 

*3raith lOBo-loiinSmoH, lOX-lffS 


Local Auteotty Deposits (%) 

2 days IDS 7 days 10* 

1 mnth 10% 3 ninth 11% 

6mmh 11 % I 2 mtti 11 % 


BULLION 


7 days S'MX 
3 mnth 6%-8% 


Local Authority | 
1 RMh 11%-m 


1 nwh 11 %-ilx 2 mnth n*-il% 
SirnSh Smntfi 11%-llX 

9 ninth 11*-11Jfc 12 rath 1 T%- 11 % 


6oht$3amM94JD 
Knmsrand (par coh. me vA 
s^roo^s3o(E27a5o5% 

iBausaab i 


Staffing CDs (%) 

Imrth 1154-11 3mrth 11K-11H 
6 mnth 11K-11X 12mft 


Ptatfcun 

$49525 (£345£0) 

Star 

S 545*47 (E&80&81&) 


7 days s*«4».* 
3 mnth **n l ° f 
Ranch Rane • 

7 days 8%-8% 
3remh 854-814 
SninRnc 
7 days 1V1* 
3imth 4*»4*i« 
Yan 

7 days 4»*4»w 
3mnBi 4B M -4'w 


CSfl 6%-SK 

Imntn 

fiimtti B’wS'h 
cat - S%4% 
1m*5M 
Smrth 454-4* 
cal 7%-SX 

1 mnth' 854454 
6 mnth 8*-8K 
cat 1*-* 

1 mnfii 4%-4% 

6 mnth 454-4 
cai 54 

1 mnth 4*4% 

8 mnth 4)44% 


, Ea rrin g s per share 4.79p 
(3.69pX The board remains 

confident that the group has 
considerable potential for fur- 
ther growth. 

• COMPSOFT HOLDINGS 
Figures in £000 for the six 
months to September 30. Tool 


LONDON TRADED OPTIONS 


Snl Trans 

rsro 


ISO 27% 30 — » 
180 7% 15% 21 1 


Mdtanc! BO* 

rsss) 


Tlratataar House 


S 5% 11 13% 17% 20 
2% 5% 33% 38% 37 


500 

550 

600 

82 

42 

15 

92 

52 

20 

102 

82 

32 

3 

13 

40 

8 

20 

47 

15 

27 

52 

460 

•5? 

82 

78 

4 

11 

14 

500 

?5 

37 

Hi 

IS 

25 

30 

SO 

& 

17 

V 

52 

55 

60 


SO 127 — — 4 — — 

800 85 105 - 8 17 - 

650 «7 52 82 23 37 45 

700 21 3E 50 57 67 75 


r 15, 1968. Tamil 


ts 38114. Calls 25240. Puts 12874. 
FT-6E tadn. CMkS67 ■ PHK491 


■Undariylng security price.* 


December 15, IMS. TOM cont r act! . 

FT-SEta 


CaSa. Pot*. 


ntoctartyfag security priceu 




rrra 



Whether you are 



m 



:• , '■ AP PO INTM ENTS 


• MCLEOD RUSSEL: Mr 
John Guthrie, the chairman, 
reports in his annual statement 
thoT' on the bass of present 
price levels, he expects group 
profits for the curren t year to 
show an improvement. 


Managing director 
named at Salomon 




Salomon Brothers: Mr Pe- 
ter Clarke becomes managing 
director on January 1. 

public Relations Consul- 
tants Association: Mr Mi- 
chael Joyce becomes 
chairman elect from next 

M |ave & Prosper Group: Mr 
Ian Horsfield and Mr Ian 
Linds ey are executive direc- 
tors from January I 

The National Magazine 
Company: Miss Denny 
Barnes becomes art director 
and associate editor, SHE 
magazine on January 5. 

ABTA: Mr Charles 
McLelland becomes director 
general. 

Nationwide Key Service: 
Mr Frank Beesley has joined 
the board as business develop- 
ment director. . . 

BEAMA Meter Association: 
Mr Alan Wood has been 
elected chairman. 

Cambridge Communica- 
tion: Dr Michael Turton has 
become managing director. 

Charles Barker City: Miss 
u« Spiro and Mr BB1 
Graadv become directors. 
Miss Laura Carr and Mr 
Petra- d'Aguilar become assis- 
tant directors. „ . 

The Trend Group: Sr Hugh 
Cmntingham has been named 
non-executive group chair- 
man and Air Vice- Marshall 
Alan Menimaa as a non- 
executive director. 

Fiam- Mr BScrnby is nowa 
non-executive director. 

Derek Bryant Group: Mr E. 

Geoffrey MacDonald has been 

made finance director 
(designate). 


j. . . 


Peter Clarke 

Henry Cooke. Lurasden: 
Mr David Anderson becomes 
a director. _ 

Sequent Computer Systems: 
Mr Michael Simon is now 
vice-president, marketing 

Eleco Holdings: Mr Field 
Walton becomes non-exec- 
utive chairman from January 
1. Mr Michael Webster be- 
comes group managing direc- 
tor. 

John Govett & Co: Mr Roy 
Brooks, Mr Richard Lamb 
?>nH Mr Richard Robinson are 
now directors. 

• Charles Hammond: Mr 
Richard Martin has been 
made an executive director. 

Institute of Marketing: 
Professor Michael Baker has 
become chairman. 

Charles Fulton (IDB): Mr 
Michael Higgins has joined 
the board. 

BPCC (US): Mr Robert 
Smith becomes executive 
vice-president, finance and 
administration. 

Mvson Group: Mr Cb&n 
Scott joins the board on 
January f. 


FOREIGN EXCHANGES 









ii Mr. 


'SZJ*T jT/Z 





LONDON FINANCIAL FUTURES 


Three Month Starling 

Dec 86 

Mar 67 

Jon 87 

Sep 67 

Dec 67 

Mar 68 

Previous day s total open s 
Three Honai Eurodomr 

Dec 88 

Mar 67 

Jon 67 

Sep 87 „ 

LJS Treasury Bond . 

Dec 68 


88J2 

8850 

89-24 

89J0 

89.18 

NT 

rest 15762 


as 

Low 

88.70 

CtOM 

88.71 

8893 

6865 

Bass 

89-25 

AQ99 

09-22 

8931 

8930 

89-30 

89.18 

89-18 

69.14 





8a89 


Previous dart total open interest 25791 
93.78 93.75 93.75 400 

93S1 93.88’ 93S0 2937 

93.33 . .83-90 . 9392’ ‘376 

93.63 93-81 93.82 233 

Prevtous day's total nan intarest 4296 
99-11 awfe 99-02 9t 



TRADITIONAL OPTIONS''' 


RretQwfeS* LastDeafegt Last Dectsratton ForSeUtaneat 

Nov 17 Nov28 Feb 19 Mar2 

Decl Dec 12 Mar 5 Marie 

Dec 15 Jan 2 Maris Mar 30 


For9eBta— ut 
Mar 2 

Marie 
Mar 30 


Notts. Brick, farthoe. Chloride. 
PUR Arastrad, Spectrum. 

Puts 6 Calls: Ametred, British Gas. 


This advertisement is issued in compliance with the Regulations of 
the Council of The Stock Exchange. It does not constitute an 
invitation to the public to subscribe for or otherwise acquire anv 
secunues of Benson SBG pic. 


BENSON SBG pic 

si 

INTRODUCTION .TO THE OFFICIAL LIST 


***** Of ZA00.000 Ordinary Shares of lOp each following the 
acquisition of Benson Heating LhaWwi 

Fgmwng the acquisition by The Sheffield Brick Group RLC 
(“SBCT)of the enlireissi^d share capita! of Benson Heating Limited 
L Benson"}, application has been made to the Council of The Stock 
Exchange for the whole of the issued ordinary share capital of SBG 
bcadmu tfj 6 Official List under the name of Benson SBG 

shares of lOp each of 
Benson SBG have been placed by Hams AUday Lea & Brooks. No 
part of such shares will be available to the public. 

BrasonSBG is a holding company and trades as a supplier of 
architectural ironmongery. Benson is a manufacturer of heaters for 
industrial users, and of tow bars arid materials handling vehicles. 
SBGyES arBenson “roPjeraents and substantSfy expands 

The ordinary share capital of-Benson SBG will be: 

• • Issued and 

Ordinary shares of lOp each " 

Oi-dinarj Glares of 25p each iffiS^o «9J^S 


£2.750,000 £2^93,7 84 


Benson SBG pic 
LndlowRmd 

Harris ADday Lea p0W5 " ^ ^ ^ 

33 Great Charles Street Nicholson g 

Buminsham B3 3JN EO - Box No. 132 

-c ^ Rugate C3ourt 

Sheffield Si 1LE 


and fota period of 2 days following the 


company- Announceinenis Office, The' 
Throgmorton Street London Fr?p ?BX 
16th December 1986 


Stock ' ' Exchange, 



* RHcoe 


5 ^F.COP 


^ ^tCOF 

C R ECOP 


' " i . 

























THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


BUSINESS AND FINANCE 


25 


The hi- tech new wave 


Science parks have been a British 
success s tory, with l ow-rise plants for 
hi-tech industries er onnffH around the 
university towns . Now Camh rirfp. 
among the first of the breed, is 

showing the way for the second phase 


T he grouping of high- 
technology com- 
panies around 
universities is now 
feirly common in 
Britain, with almost 30 sci- 
ence parks throughout the 
country and another dozen 
being built or planned. Most, 
however, have been estab- 
lished only in the past few 
years and tend to be first- 
phase lookatikes. 

It is at the old-established 
dusters where overall trends 
can be most dearly discerned 
and answers most readily 
pursued to the nagging ques- 
tion of why Britain has been 
ineffective at growing big, 
successful high-technology 
companies of the calibre of 
Hewlett-Packard, Apple or 
DEC. 

One cluster is at Cambridge, 
where what became known as 
the Cambridge phenomenon 
was identified. Over the pre- 
vious decade, 40 computer- 
based companies set tip 
around the university. Now 
there are about 400. employ- 
ing more than 16,000 people, 
with a total turnover in excess 
of£l billion 

There is a continuing 
healthy birth rate - an average 
of SO companies a year — and 
a low death rate, according to 
Nick Segal, an economic 
management consultant 
- Entrepreneurial spirits are 
running high, academics hav- 
ing discovered that making 
money is fun Services like 
financial, accounting, design 
and public relations are mov- 
ing in and, more importantly, 
a pool of managerial and 
marketing expertise has devel- 
oped over the last seven years 
and is still growing. 

Several trends are dear. 
Fim-gsneration founders are 
selling out and are starting 
new companies. A new wave 
of young businesses is emerg- 
ing. Some companies are now 
successfully bridging the gap 
between small and luge (more 
than 100 employees), while 
others stabilize with staffs of 
between 20 and 50. 

Increasing numbers of big 
foreign companies are moving 
in, in eluding Sddumberger, 
Logic* and Marconi 
Maritime. 

The business acumen ac- 
quired by first-generation en- 
trepreneurs is being applied to 
hew ventures. Chris Curry, a 
co-founder of Acorn, sub- 
sequently taken over by 
Olivetti, has formed three 
companies since leaving 


Aomi last December, includ- 
ing Genera] Information Sys- 
tems (GIS), a designer of 
communicating terminals. 

He has bought the rights to 
an integrated voice and dam 
terminal, partially developed 
at Acorn, because he believes 
that this is where the next big 
growth market win be found. 

Jack Lang, a co-founder of 
Topexpress, a scientific and 
computer consultancy set up 
in 1978, left this year to start 
two new companies, Peri- 
helion Hardware and Peri- 
helion Software. 

He hopes to raise £3 million 
of venture capital for Peri- 
helion Hardware in order to 
launch, in the third quarter of 
next year, a high performance 
desk-top work station costing 
about £1,000, suitable for in- 
house publishing. It is said to 
be ten times more powerful 
with a bigger screen and four 
times more resolution foan 
current models — at half the 
price. 

Jack's brother, Charles 
Lang, set up Shape Dam in 
1974. Like several successful 
Cambridge companies, it was 
taken over, in this case by the 
United States-based Evans 
and Sutherland. Charles and ■ 
two co-founders left Shape 
Data this year and set up 
Three-Space, a consultancy 
which specializes in develop- 
ing solid modelling systems 
for activities like process plan- 
ning and numerical control 

The new wave of companies 
comes partly from foe univer- 
sity, partly as spin-offs from 
older companies. Flare Tech- 
nology is a company founded 
by three ex-Sindair employ- 
ees, Martin Brennan. Ben 
Cheese, and John Mazhieson 
who have been surprised by 
how easy it is to set up their 
own business and have found 
the Cambridge network 
supportive. 



Graeme Minto: 


Their design for a low-cost 
home computer, claimed to be 
1,000 times fester than ' the 
competition, should hit the 
market in about a year. 

The trend towards more 
successful growth than that 
experienced by some first- 
generation companies is 
exemplified by Domino Prim- 
ing Sciences, which is out of 
Cambridge Consultants, the 
“g randfath er** of foe Cam- 
bridge phenomenon. 

It was founded in 1978 by 
Graeme Minto and now em- 
ploys 250 people. A turnover 
of about £13.5 milli on is 
forecast for this year with 


I go for the large international markets” 
more than £3 


f THE CAV3RIDGE PHEMOf 

vIENON 



Finns 

Jobs 


No. 

% 

No. 

% 

Electronics 

59 

21.1 

3988 

27.0 

Instrumentation 

62 

222 

3024 

20.5 

Computer hardvyare 

30 

10.8 

• 918 

62 

Computer software 

40 

14.3 

716 

4.8 

Engineering 

15 

13 

5.4 

4.7 

207 

1114 

1.4 

7S 

CfwmtaaJs/bJotochnology 

22 

7.9 

. 4217 

28.6 

Consultancy 

28 

10.0 

427 

2.9 

Ofoer 

11) 

3 £ 

158 

1.1 

Total 

279 

100 

14769 

100 


Source: Cambridge study by Segal Quince Wtekstsod 


profits of 
million. 

Domino manufactures 
industrial ink-jet printers, 
including machines for the 
industrial over-print business, 
especially for packing and 
food date codes. 

Minto has recognized foe 
importance of adjusting to 
growth. He has stepped aside 
from day-to-day management 
by bringing in a professional 
managing director so that as 
chairman he is free to con- 
centrate on developments. He 
said: “I focus on doing a few 
thing s well in the market place 
and go for large international 
markets”. 

Cotag International is also 
on foe road to substantial 
growth. It was founded in 
1978 to tag fashion goods in 
retail stores electronically and 
has rapidly become a world- 
leader in “smart” ooded tags, 
known as automatic identi- 
fication systems (AIS). 

These tags are machine- 
readable and work by radio. 
There are tags for cars to enter 
security areas such as airports, 
tags for cows to swallow so 
foata particular animal can be 
given the correct amount of 
food at foe right time for 
maximum lactation, or tags 


Mayborn to join USM after 40 years 


By Cliff FeJtham 

Mayborn Group, best 
known for selling clothing 
dyes and baby products, is 
coming to the unlisted securi- 
ties market with a price-tag of 
£19.35 millio n, 40 years after 
it was established. 

Just over 25 per cent of the 
shares are befog placed at 
102p each and foe £3 million 
being raised is earmarked for 
acquisitions. 

The company was set up 
with the financial backing of 


the present chairman. Lord 
Bearsted, who achieved his 
reputation as a director of HH1 
Samuel, the merchant banker. 
After Mayborn hit a rocky 
patch in the late 1970s, he 
effectively handed over the 
reins to his son, Mir Michael 
Samuel, now 34. 

The basfoess was sows 
restructur ed and since 1982 
profits have jumped from 
£543,000 to £1.4 mftfioB. The 
company is forecasting pretax 
profits of £23 ntiDfon for the 


cmTOrt year. 

Mayborn’s most important 
business is Dylan dyes, which 
are sold throughout most big 
department stores. A drive is 
now taking place to “cash in” 
on foe fesfimn opportunities of 
the dye market 

The company also distrib- 
utes baby products — sach as 
toys, bibs and pants - mder 
the “Tommee Tlppee” trade 
marie. 

In foe United States, its 
Stahhvood offshoot —acquired 


in 1984 — supplies a range of 
toys and baby-care 
accessories. 

Mayborn is now keen to 
acquire other, inexpensive 
consumer products which can 
be distributed through j 
network. 

Mr Samuel said: “We have 
no intention of taking on costly 
goods which can «pseMy go out 
of fashion. We think there is a 
good market for remaining 
where we are and finding other 
lines which we can handle.” 



GROUP 

ENGLISH CHINA CLAYS 

RESULTS FOR YEAR ENDED 30th SEPTEMBER 1986 

© RECORD OF CONTINUING SUCCESS 
© RECORD PROFIT - UP BY 21% 

© RECORD DIVIDEND - UP BY 13.6% 

C RECORD EARNINGS PER SHARE - UP BY 9.5% 


TURNOVER (INCLUDING U.K. EXPORTS OF £182M (1985 £175M)} 
PROFIT ON ORDINARY ACTIV ITIES BEFORE TAXATION 
PROFIT ON ORDIN ARY ACTIVITIES AFTER TAXATION 

DIVIDEND PER SHARE - INTERIM 

L)l - RECOMMENDED FINAL 


EARNINGS PER SHARE 


DIVIDEND COVER (TIMES) 


1986 

£*000 

688,591 

90361 

58,066 

4.25p 

8-25p 

28.44p 

23 


1985 

rooo 

713,893 

74,648 

46,696 

4.00p 

7.00p 

25.97p 


22 


. j- published by J. Henry Schroder Wagg & Co. Untiled on behalf of English China Clays PX.C. ■ 

ThlS aovertisemeu k ___ .u- MMime v»«nnn«iM* far the. information contained in foie advertisement. To fofc 

to ensure that such is foe 


‘rl^T^THireciors of ECC are the persons responsible for the information contained in 
rEC 97 T? Wief of the directors of ECC (who have taken all reasonable care 

best of foe contained in this advertisement is in accordance with the ficts and does not 

of such information. Each director of ECC accepts responsibility accordingly. 




that yon can cany in your 
pocket to open the office door. 
Co tag now employs 50 peo- 
expects a turnover of 
million this year. 

Another trend is for com- 
panies to launch products 
more quickly, aiming them at 
international markets. Prosys 
Technology (a spin-off from 
the CAD-Ccntre, founded in 
1983) has already launched a 
data-base aimed specifically at 
computer-aided process en- 
gineering. It is compatible 
with a wide range of commer- 
cial and in-bouse software. 

Prosys has also foe licence 
for worldwide distribution of 
a mathematical modeller 

which «»n simulate ch emical 

processes which makes it pos- 
sible, for instance, io see how a 
plant would behave in certain 
conditions. 

Both these software pro- 
grams are now being inte- 
grated to extend the process of 
simulation. This is part of a 
£500,000 consortium project, 
half funded by foe Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry. 

t Cambridge the 
biggest current 
oblems are city 
traffic congestion 
and shortage of 
housing, especially for lower- 
paid workers — a two-bed- 
room terrace bouse costs 
£70,000 and prices are rising 
by 2 per cent a month. Dr 
John Bradfidd, bursar of 
Trinity College, moving spirit 
behind the Cambridge Saence 
Park, put forward a plan 
recently, financed by a con- 
sortium, to build a 750-acre 
village known as Scotland 
Park. 

It will be on the A45, five 
miles west of Cambridge, and 
will provide 2J200 homes and 
a 90-acre business park. 

“Tfae British employment 
situation is so grave that we 
cannot have enough com- 
panies formed in foe Cam- 
bridge area. We have to 
accommodate them,” he said. 

But there is another prob- 
lem for many of these high- 
technology companies and 
that is long-term <m«me»wg . 

Matthew Bullock; Barclays 
corporate finance director, 
was a local branch manager in 
the 1970s ami first identified 
the Cambridge Phenomenon. 
He recognizes the drawbacks 
in current venture capital 
funding and is seeking new 
ways of financing these 
companies. 

“Cambrktee is foe most 
rapid growing area of the 
country,” he said. “It has an 
industrial profile which is 
piqm? and I think it happens 
to demonstrate the way for- 
ward for a good deal of foe 
economic development of the 
rest of foe country.” 

But whether it can grow 
powerful companies of inter- 
national stature has still to be 
proved. 

PetaLevi 


( TEMPUS ) 

Brighter wrapping for 
English China Clays 


It seems that foe paper in- 
dustry is not as cyclical as it 
used to be. Since about two- 
thuds of English China Clays’ 
business is dependent on foe 
fortunes of the paper makers, 
it was encouraging to hear Dr 
Stanley Dennison, head of 
ECCs pigments business, say 
that he did not foresee a 
serious downturn in foe mar- 
ketplace. 

Less volatility in world 
economies is apparently 
partly responsible for this 
positive stance but changes in 
the industry are also con- 
tributory factors. ECC Inter- 
national is well positioned in 
the fest-growing market for 
lightweight coated paper and 
at foe forefront of the 
development of calcium car- 
bonate as a material com- 
plementary to clay. 

The 17 per cent rise in this 
division's operating 



1400 


-1 300 


200 


100 


1882 


Hoskyns Group 

The fest-growing computer 
services company, Hoskyns 
Group, is looking to the City 
for more than just a warm 
welcome for its newly-quoted 
profits- -shares. 


was bdped by a price increase It also views the City as an 
Cost savings and important market because of 
Big Bang. 

City co m p u te r s occupy 
some of the world’s most 
expensive office space. As 
they were installed in a hurry 
for a rapidly changing 
environment, many are not 
functioning well, and further 
amalgamations of firms wfl] 
create further problems. 

In offering what it calls 
facilities management, 
Hoskyns will manag e for an 
annual fee a client’s entire 
computer operations, includ- 
ing buying computers from it 
and moving them to cheaper 
locations. 

The Martin Marietta 
.Corporation, its American 
parent, is placing 25 per cent 
of Hoskyns shares with in- 
stitutions and Hoskyns 
employees in preparation for 
a full listing on the London 
Stock Exchange. The placing 
price of 128p values the 
company at £46.8 milljon. 

With less than two months 
of foe new financial year to go 
by, it is perhaps a little early 
to forecast earnings to Octo- 
ber, 1987. Yet the group has a 
remarkably consistent 25 per 
cent annual growth in pretax 
profit for foe last five years. 
Helped by a dedining tax 
charge, earnings per share 
have grown even fester at 30 
per cent a year. 

This year, the tax charge 
will come down another two 
or force percentage points to 
around 36.5 per cent If 
momentum is maintained, 
Hoskyns' lucky shareholders 
should be looking at pretax 
profits next year of around 
£5.6 millioa, implying a 
prospective multiple of 13. 

Taking into account foe 
differing year-ends, Hoskyns 
shares appear to be at a slight 


in January, 
strong demand* however, had 
the greater effect In 1985-86, 
volumes of kaolin, which 
accounts for about 80 per 
cent of the pigments business, 
increased by about 4 per cent 
Calcium carbonate volumes, 
however, grew by 20 per cent 
International Drilling Flu- 
ids is bearing up well, all 
things considered. Its tight 
operational base should en- 
able it to take advantage of 
any pick up in drilling 
Quarries continue to bene- 
fit from value-added concrete 
products. Politically moti- 
vated construction spending 
is also an obvious boon. 

Underlying growth from 
bousing, before taking in any 
contribution from Bradley, 
suggests there may be some- 
thing in ECC Construction’s 
claims to know what it is 
doing in the residential prop- 


discount compared with 
similar companies. 

Given Hoskins's spread of 
business across markets and 
products and the stability of 
earnings and growth poten- 
tial from fts ferilf tii fi; nianggpv . 
ment business, currently 34 
per cent of sales; foe discount 
looks likely to be short lived: 

Carlton 


erty market 


esterday’s results were no 
surprise as they had been 
heralded in the Bryant offer 
document last month. But 
they struck a note of op- 
timism that augurs well for 
the present year. Not only 
does the pigments market 
look firm, but there will be 
cost savings after the sale or 
closure of several under- 
performing businesses 
Before acquisitions, ECC 
should make £102 million 
pretax in 1986-87. On earn- 
ings of about 32p, the shares 
are selling on 10 times earn- 
ings and do not look expen- 
sive. Earnings dilution after 
the purchase of Bryant would 
not endear ECC to its 
shareholders. However, there 
is room for the present bid to 
be increased by several pen- 
nies without incurring share- 
holders’ wrath. 


V5ZJ* Commpnications 

Investors in Carlton Commu- 
nications, the television ser- 
vices company, have enjoyed 
another record year of profits 
and earnings growth. 

Consequently, they may be 
just a little unhappy at not 
being able to participate in 
foe company's share offering 
in the United States. 

Carlton does not need the 
money — it was flush with an 
estimated £30 milli on net 
cash at foe year end. But it is 
ambitious to expand both 
organically and by 
acquisition. 

The estimated £30 milli on 
or so it is raising in the US is 
about 13 per cent of the 
enlarged share capital It is 
likely to be used in making an 
acquisition of an East Coast 
television services company. 

Expansion in Europe will 
also continue. 

Rapid deregulation of the 
airwaves in Europe helped 
Carlton to record a 57 per 
cent leap in pretax profits to 
£18.8 million on turnover up 
52 per cent to £58 million for 
the year to September 30. 

Analysts are looking for 
another leap in pretax profits 
to £27 million this year. This 
implies a prospective mul- 
tipie of just over 17, which is 
not expensive for these shares 
The bigger it becomes, the 
harder it win be to sustain 
such a spectacular growth 
rate. That is small consola- 
tion for British shareholders 
who see its market exploding, 
and might have liked foe 
opportunity to subscribe for 
more shares, however few. 


ASTRA-the most important launch 
of *88 for the television industry 
in the UK...and in Enrol 



Early in 1988, ASTRA - a new privately-operated 
16-channel satellite, constructed exclusively for tele- 
vision transmission, wii! be placed in orbit directly 
over Europe. 

Its arrival will expand and stimulate the 
whole TV industry across Europe, building 
demand and creating new markets. Viewers will 
benefit from a dramatically increased choice of 
general entertainment and special interest 
programmes. 

The launch of ASTRA opens up exciting 
opportunities for Britain’s television companies. 

The existing UK TV world 

-a choice of 4 national terrestrial channels, 
and high quality programme production. 

-8 new UK sateflite-cxrried entertainment 
and thematic channels limited to less than 1% of 
UK homes via cable networks. 

Developments over the last decade in 
Europe’s TV potential and needs have reduced 
the feasibility of the plans for Direct Broadcasting 
Satellites in the UK, as proposed by the World 
Broadcasting Satellite Administrative Conference 
(WARC '771 DBS satellites will have only 
3 or 4 channels per satellite and will be limited by 
national boundaries. 

The ASTRA world 

From 1988 ASTRA offers leading British 
television companies a cost-effective way 
to reach new satellite markets, not only 
in the UK, but also across Western 
Europe's 120 million TV homes. 

Technological developments since 
WARC '77 now mean that the 
recommended antenna size of 90 an 
can be achieved from a medium 



ASTRA 


EUROPE'S 16 CHANN& 
TELEVISION SATELLITE 


powered satellite, but now with 16 channels with a 
fell range of international programming. 

ASTRA, in discussion with the UK’s major 
companies and authorities, proposes to make 8 or 
more channels available to UK programmers. 

For the IBC it would mean: 

Choice; A larger choice of channels than on 
any other satellite system. 

Small dishes: Reception by cable networks, 
blocks of flats and individual homes on 85 am 
dishes across Europe. 

Equipment already available: ASTRA 
uses the same frequency range and polarisation 
standards as existing satellites. Reception 
equipment is already on the market, whereas 
manufacturers still need to develop DBS receiving 
equipment. 

Export: ASTRA will bring Britain’s TV 
companies directly into Europe’s homes, expanding 
on the existing 6.3% cable market for satellite TV 

Cost advantages: Very substantial savings 
can be made by using ASTRA instead of WARC 
'77 DBS satellites. 

On schedule: The ASTRA satellite and its 
ground control station are nearing completion. 
ASTRA will be on the air and fully operational 
in early 1988. 

The UK already leads Europe in 
terrestrial and satellite delivered 
television. 

The SES satellite allows this 
position to be consolidated within 
the UK and, where desired, within 
Europe ... ASTRA offers the best of 
both worlds. 


DM 


Sod** Euftwnme 4tu Sateffie* 63 avenue d» la Liberia, L-1931 Lu*anbourg. Tetl352J 499471V Tk- 60229 seSAT LU (352) 4994712W. 





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THE TIMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 



BUSINESS AND FINANCE 



your card «wila* 



Early gains trimmed 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began December 8 . Dealings end on Friday. §Comango day next Monday. Settlement day January 5, 

§Forwaru bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

WlwMMedafimoabF am |Mfc« 4 pnewl,ih 6 nnBaddte|vieM trim Afr at Spn. Yield, dwnge and P/EratiomealeviaMd on BwnkicBe price ‘ 


! §M- 


© fan Newspapers Larited 

DAILY DIVIDEND 
£ 4,000 

Claims required for 
+43 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 



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BUILDINGS AND ROADS 


MB Ana Bk 



Weekly Dividend 



BRITISH FUNDS 




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BUSINESS & FINANCE/LAW 


THE TIMES 


!DAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


Sand and 
gravel in 
greater 
demand 


By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 


Japanese act as go-betweens to repair US relations with Bonn 

US close to exchange 
rate pact with Bonn 


gravel are in greater demand 
because of an increase in 
construction work in the 
industrialized countries. 

Production of aggregates 
rose nearly 3 percent last year 
and 19 per cent between 1981 
and the end of last year. 

But compared with most 
other countries, Britain's 
construction industry is less 
busy, with a weaker demand I 
for materials, according to the ! 
British Aggregate Construe- , 
lion Materials Industries. 

Itsannual statistical report 
confirms a steady growth 
tread in aggregates production 
since a five-year decline bot- 
tomed out at the end of 1980. 

The main uses of aggregates 
are in road construction and 
maintenance (38 per cent), 
private sector industrial and 
commercial building (22 per 
cent) and in private sector 
housing (20 per cent). 

Output for the public sector 
was worth £4.4 billion last 
year, which was about a fifth 
down in real terms, taking 
account of inflation, com- 
pared with five years before. 

But in the same period 
private sector demand rose by 
more than a quarter in value 
in real terms to £10.2 billion, 
accounting for almost 70 per 
cent of all construction 
in veslmem- 

Output of processed ag- 
gregates has also risen, with 
bituminous coated materials, 
mainly used in road construc- 
tion, up nearly 18 per cent in 
the five-year period. 

Ready- mixed concrete 
production was up 9 per cent 
in the five years. 

The BACM] Statistical Year 
Book 1986: £10 from BACMI, 

1 56 Buckingham Palace Road, 
London SWIW9TR. 


From Bailey Moms 
Washington 

The United States and West 
Germany are nearing agree- 
ment on an important mone- 
tary accord to stabilize 
exchange rates, but details will 
not be unveiled until after the 
West German elections next 
month, officials said yes- 
terday. 


The US is also ragged in 
bilateral discussions with 
Asian trading nations, notably 
South Korea and Tarim, 
aimed at pressurizing these 
countries to devalue their 
currencies against the dollar. 

Reagan Administration of- 
ficials are trying to establish a 
strong trade policy, probably 
including new legislation to 
spur US competitiveness. 
They are anxious to show 



Final meeting; Janies Baker (left) and Gerhard Stoftesberg 
Saturday with Herr Gerhard economic relations with West 


Stoltenberg, the West German 
finance minister. 

Officials said the US-West 


further progress in reducing German agreement would be 
the dollar against other cur- similar to the bilateral accord 


rendes to avert a groundsweH 
of protectionism in the new 
Cbugress. 

Mr James Baker, tire US 
Treasury Secretary, hopes to 
complete details of the agree- 
ment to stabilize the dollar- 
mar k rate at a meeting on 


between tire Reagan Admin- 
istration and Japan to stabilize 
the yen -dollar rate and im- 
prove Japan's growth rate. 

The decision to hold new 
talks with West Germany was 
partly due to Japan's insis- 
tence that the US repair 


Germany, which were dam- 
aged last autumn when Mr 
Baker demanded expan- 
sionary policies from Bonn. 

Japanese officials report- 
edly fear that without smooth 
relations with Bonn, the US 
will take unilateral actions, 
which could sharply inflate 
the yen and accelerate a 
slowing in the Japanese econ- 
omy. They believe the restora- 
tion of an economic alliance 


Japanese threat to Wah Kwong plan 


The US$850 million 
(£594.5 million) restructuring 
of the troubled Wah Kwong 
Supping Group has been 
thrown into Jeopardy by two 
Japanese creditors. 

Tbe other 46 creditors of the 
group, incteding Standard 
Chartered Bank of Tokyo, 


znent a month ago, well in 
advance of the December 31 
deadline. 

But Toyo Menka and Ka- 


From Stephen Leather, Hong Kong 
wasaki Heavy Industries, the to those Japanese creditors 
contractor and builder of two who have taken out export 
ships delivered m 1983 and insurance. At least half the 
1984, have refused to sign group's debts are to Japanese 
unless they are guaranteed companies, 
payment by the Japanese Agreements ' have been 
Ministry of International reached already between La- 
Trade sod Industry. divi dual cred i tors and g overa- 

ll tiie ministry does not ment bodies, 
support the two creditors, the Wah Kwong shares have 
restructuring is certain to col- been suspended while its 
lapse in the New Year, in financial advisers — the 
which case it will haveto pay American Express subsidiary, 
hundreds of millions of dollars Amex-Asia — pot together the 







Company’s right to choose 
timing of allowances i daun 


among the three nations is 
essential to global growth. 

This was the reason Japa- 
nese officials acted as “go- 
betweens 7 ' before the meeting 
between Mr Baker and Herr 
Stoltenberg, officials said. 

The Japanese apparently 
“sounded out" the West Ger- 
mans and received a positive 
response. 

Mr Baker and Mr David 
Mulford, the assistant Trea- 
sury Secretary, held dis- 
cussions last week with Mr 
Toy oo Gyohten, Japan’s vice- 
finance minister, and Mr 
Tomomitsu Oba, special ad- 
viser to Mr Yasuhiro Naka- 
sone, the Japanese prime 
miniker. 

For two days, they dis- 
cussed the yen-dollar relation- 
ship and the mark in what was 
regarded as a prelude to a 
system of target zones for 
these currencies. 

Without an agreement with 
West Germany, Japanese of- 
ficials fear the US will move , 
early next year to lower the ; 
d ollar a gainq the mark again, 1 
thereby pushing the yen 
sharply higher against the ! 
dollar. 


EUiss (Inspector of Taxes) ‘ 
BP 03 Northern Ireland 
Refinery Ltd 

EUiss (Inspector of Taxes) r 
BP TJne Tanker Co Ltd 
Before Sir Nicolas Browne* 
Wilkinson, Vice-Chancellor; 
Lord Justice Balcombe and 
Lord Justice Bingham 
[judgment December 12] 

For corporation tax purposes 
capital allowances to which a 
com pan v was entitled were not 
to be credited to it automati- 
cally. The provisions of the 
Finance Act 1965. the Chpital 
Allowances Act 1968 and the 
Finance Act 1971 did not take 
away from a company tire right 
to choose whether to make a 
eiaim for such allowances or to 
carry them forward to sub- 


mit that course were thatbf 
claiming allowances »" “g 
oraiitable wars, tncy couM 
claim annual 

bier, more profitable, wars 
based on higher figures tf the 
written-down values of toe 
machinery plant or building «n 




the connomuon that wtat 

question. , . h . allowed should first be claimed. 

* The court had been told that “‘g ne jtocr section 5«.) 
tax of £60 million depended on J ^ suaxS sar. section 73(2) 

the result of the case. of toe Capital Allowances .Act 

Tne modem system of rapitaJ of to |hM lhe allowances 
allowances was mtroducedby ^ouidte deducted as trading 
toe income Tax Art 1943 asa U ^ subsection 

relief from income rax. They «pt JJJ? . provide that they 
.rase reconstruct did y-as to P_ tu _ _ u 


sequent accounting periods. 

Tbe Court of Appeal rn 
reserved judgments so held in 
dismissing an appeal by the 
Grown from Mr Justice Wauon 
(The Times August 9. 1985; 
[1985] STC 722) who upheld the 
determination of a special 
commissioner in favour of the 
taxpayer companies, BP Oil 
Northern Ireland Refinery Ltd 
and BP Tyne Tanker Co Ltd- 

Tbe Crown was refused leave 
to appeal to the House of Lords. 

Mr Charles Potter. QC and 
Mr Alan Moses for the Grown; 
Mr Graham Aarooson, QC and 
Mr Terence Mowschenson for 
the taxpayer companies. 

LORD JUSTICE BAL- 
COMBE said that the appeals 
raised an unusual point of 
statmonr construction: whether 
toe ca pital allowances to which 
a company was entitled fell to be 
credited to it automatically, 
whether it wanted them or not, 
or whether only those allow- 
ances which were specifically 
ehimtvi by tbe company fe& to 
be Miwn into account. 

The paradox was that Crown 
was arguing for the former result 
and the taxpayer companies for 
tbe latter. The reasons motivat- 
ing the taxpayer companies to 


survival plan. 

They hope to set up a new 
holding company with shares 


shareholders of die origins! , 
listed firm, Wah Kwong Sup- j 
ping and Investment 
Company. 

Most of the banks which 
had secured debts — mort- 
gages against Wah Kwong 
skips — have agreed to let 
them join a core fleet for the 
new company. 


hu»p in encourage reconstrue- 
world war 
II. It was agreed that from lv-ta 
to 1965 a taxpayer, whether an 
individual or a compan>.bad 
the right to choose whether or 
not take toe allowance to which 
he was entitled. That right or 
choice remained to tots day for 

income tax purposes. 

The Finance Act 1965 in- 
troduced corporation tax. De- 
spite differences, the general 
structure of the new tax was for 
toe income element of a 
company's profits to be com- 
puted on income tax principles. 

Capital allowances for cor- 
poration tax purposes was dealt 
with in section 56. By section 
56(2) toe allowances for any 
accounting period in taxing a 
Trade **shal! be given effect by 
treating the amount of any 
allowance as a trading expense 
of the trade in that period, and 
by treating the amount on which 
any such charge is to be made as 
a trading receipt of toe trade in 
dial period”. 

The Crown's case was that 
that provision made a capital 
allowance a trading expense of 
the trade for toe accounting 
period in question. Trading 
expenses were automatically 
deductible in computing trading 
profits. 

Thus the effect of making a 
capita! allowance a trading ex- 
pense was to obviate tbe neces- 
sity for a claim and to make it 
automatically — that is, com- 
pulsorily — deductible. That 


“shall be crien effect by treating 
uL amount ofaflj; allowance as 

a trading expense . 

That language was consistent 
u-iih Mr Aaron son's contention 
that the allowances still required 
to be claimed but that- when 
claimed, they "shall, be grren 
effect by treating mem m a 
particular manner. 

[i remained only to mention 
toe provisions of Part III o. the 
Finance Act 1971 that made 
changes to the law on capital 
allowances for plant . and 

machinery. 

In respect of those allowances 
to which it applied it introduced 
rwo new procedural factors: (!) 
companies were given a twp- 
vear period of disclaimer for 
first-wear allowances and (2) 
individuals were given a ngbt to 

restrict their claim for writing- 
down allowances to a portion of 
their entitlement. 

In outer respects the 1 971 An 
adopted the existing procedures 
in relation to those allowances 
to which it applied and toe 
provisions by which those 
procedures were adapted to the 
new regime made it clear that 
toe right of choice remained an 
integral part of the system of 
capital allowances. Therefore 
the provisions of toe 1971 Act 
did not affect toe position. 

Lord Justice Bingham deliv- 
ered a concurring judgment and 
the Vice-Chancellor agreed. 

Solicitors: Solicitor of Inland 
Revenue; Linldaters & Paines. 


Registered Isle of Man bank is 
not a bona fide UK banker 


Hafton Properties Ltd v 
McHugh (Inspector of Taxes) 
Before Mr Justice Peter Gibson 
[Judgment November 28] 

An Isle of Man bask having 
its i q pa flHl office is Douglas 
that marie a number of loans co 
United Kingdom residents was 


company resident in the United 
Kingdom. In 1980, it required a 
loan for property refinancing. 
Through a firm of London 
solicitors. Hafton contacted SIB 
and negotiated a loan of 
£350,000. Security was on a 
United Kingdom property and 
interest was at 4 per cent above 


not carrying on a “bona fide SIB’s rate payable 


banking business in the United Hafton to the London solicitors. 


Kingdom”. Accordingly a bor- SIB west into liquidation in 
rower when remitting interest to 19S2. 


tbe hariic had to deduct and 
account for a sum equal to 
income tax in respect of those 
payments under toe provisions 
of section 54 of tbe Income and 
Corporation Taxes Act 1970. 

Mr Justice Peter Gibson so 
held in tbe Chancery Division in 
dismissing an appeal by Hafton 
Properties Ltd from a 
determination of 3 single special 
commissioner upholding sev- 
eral assessments to income tax 
made on it in respect of interest 
payments to an Isle of Man 
company. Savings and Invest- 
ment Bank Lid (SIB). 

Mr R. K. Mathew for Hafton 
Properties Ltd; Mr Alan Moses 
for the Crown. 

MR JUSTICE PETER GIB- 
SON said that Hafton’s appeal 
was against assessments to tax 
on interest payments made by it 
without deducting tax. 

The Crown contended that 
tax should have been deri noted 
under Section 54 of tbe 1970 
Art. Thereby when interest 
chargeable to tax under Case m 
of Schedule D was paid by a 
borrower, a sum representing, 
income tax was to be deducted 
unless toe interest was on **an 
advance from a bank carrying 
on a bona fide tanking business 
in tbe United Kingdom”.- 

Hafton was a property dealing 


Prior to liquidation SIB had 
conducted a banking business in 
toe Isle of Man: h had no 
banking premises or registered 
office in the United Kingdom. 

It had made loan transactions 
here from 1978 to 1981 — toe 
same London aoiidfors juting 
for one of foe parties in- every 
-transaction. The evidence was 
that SIB had had tote or two 
United Kingdom depositors. 


he did. Given SiB's absence of 
UK premises and given the 
absenix of any representative 
here and in toe fight of toe 
advertisements, the only 
conclusion was dial all SIB did 
was to attract borrowers from 
toe UK to toe Isle of Man. It was 
not carrying on business in the 
UK. 

Tbe commissioner had gone 
on to determine (he second 
question should he be found to 


have been wrong in determining 
the first. He had guided himself 
by reference to the Court of 
Appeal's decision in United 
Dominions Trust Ltd v Kirk- 
wood ([1966] 2 QB 431) and in 
particular to a passag e from 
Lord Justice DipJocfc at pp465- 
66. He had concluded that as 
lending was not one-of toe tests 
to establish “banking" it fol- 
lowed that a banking business 
was not carried on in the UK by 
SIB — it not being reputed as a 
specialist bonk. 

, The commissioner had come 
.to a correct determination. To 
see whether the business that 
was carried on in toe UK could 


Two advertisements by SIB. 
eliciting deposits from united 


soliciting deposits from United 
Kingdom residents were pro- 
duced — inquiries to be directed 
xo tbe Isle of Man and emphasis 
being placed on the 
confidentiality that SEB could 
accord its customers. 

Tbe commissioners had 
considered two questions, 
'namely (1) whether SIB was 
carrying on a business in the 
United Kingdom, and (2) if it 
was so doing, whether it was “a 
bona fide banking business". 

On the first question the 
commissioner, while accepting 
that a foreign company could 
carry on business in foe UK 
without premises here, was 
doubtful as to whether SIB had 
really carried on any business in 
foe UK as distinct from in the 
Isle of Man. 

On the evidence tbe commis- 
sioner was bound to conclude as 


properly be described as a bona 
fide banking business ft had to 
have the . characteristics of a 
banking business. 

Those characteristics had at 
least to include the taking of 
deposits as well as toe other 
matters to which reference was 
made in tbe United Dominions 
Trust case. Lending in itself was 
not enough. Here what was done 
by SIB in the UK, so far as was 
known, was simply the lending 
of money, ft followed that 
despite a valiant argument by 
Mr Mathew. SIB’s appeal had to 
be dismissed. 

Solicitors: Asher Fishman & 
Co; Solicitor of Inland Revenue. 


Injunction on use of right of way 


Rosting and Others r 
Pirawgur 

Piaaegar v Sewell and 
Another 

Piaaegar v Norman and 
Another 


Before Lord Justice May, Lord 
Justice Woolf and Sir Roualeyn 
Cumming-Bruce 


[Judgment November 28] 

It was proper for tbe court to 
grant an injunction regulating in 
detail toe use of a right of way if 


it were satisfied that the limita- 
tions thereby imposed would 
prevent an - unreasonable and 
excessive user of tbe way and 
any consequent nuisance. 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
allowing in part appeals by Mr 
David John Pinnegar, tbe owner 
of Hammerwood House and of 
a right of way over tbe lane 
leading to ft, and cross-appeals 
by the owners of property 


adjoining the lane wbo also had 
rights of way over it. from 


orders of East Grinstead County 
Court (Judge Wingate, QQ 
which had granted the cross- 
appellants injunctions, inter 
alia, re s tri c tin g tbe extent to 
which toe appellant could invite 
tbe public to use the lane for toe 
purpose of visiting tbe house. 

Mr Robert Reid, QC and Mr 
Steven .Whitaker for the appel- 
lant; Mr Michael Lyndon -Stan- 
ford, QC and Mr Graham 
Platford for the cross-appel- 
lants. 


Big though he is, he’s only part of our strength. 


long ago toe bouse had been 
derelict and generated prac- 
tically no traffic, was no breach 
by toe appellant of the terms of 
the grant, and therefore the 
cross-appellants were not en- 
titled to toe injunction which 
they bad sought restraining tbe 
appellant from opening tbe 
bouse to the public altogether. 

Moreover, the cross-appel- 
lants were not in general entitled 
to com plain that when toe house 
was open to tbe public they 
could no longer eqjoy the rural 
peace and quiet which had 
caused them to come and live 
there 

His Lordship had no doubt 
that toe judge had. directed 
himself entirely correctly in 
accordance with authority in 
considering tbe extent of the 
user generated by the appellant’s 
invitation to the public to vjsit 
the bouse. 

The judge had concluded that 
that had caused a serious inter- 
ference with the cross- 
appdlants’ right and that that 
excessive user bad in some 
respects been a nuisance in law 
to at feast some of the cross- 


in 1 


did Ml make 


iScSs-i-tass* 

a-allowno.-* ■ 


Sine a Sins camrt 
*5- toa! what 




: A;3;STAN 

iC-iClTOI 


•' X* < 


Justice Oliver in Cutis v Head 
([1984] Ch 290. 297). He had 
contended that the proper way 
of dealing with disputes of that 
kind was not to grant an 
injunction but to make a 
declaration coupled with liberty 
to apply for an injunction if 
necessary. 

That was toe route which toe 
Court of Appeal had adopted in 
Jelben. However, in Kennaway 
v Thompson ([1981] QB 88) it 
had granted an injunction 
regulating in detail the fre- 




S? DEP 

JPATJ01 


quency and periods of use of a 
lake for speedboat racing, in 
much the same way as the judge 
had done in this case. 

His Lordship could see no 
reason why an order in that 
form should not be made a 
plaintiff was entitled to an 
injunction to prevent an un- 
reasonable and excessive user of 
a way and any consequent T 
nuisance. Not to grant such an 
injunction might be denying 
justice to one side or the other 
and inviting further litigation 
withui a short space of time. 

The judge's orders would be 
varied so that, inter alia, they 
provided generally for the fii- 
hut in general would be 
upheld. 


appeal therefore foiled in that 

respect. 

. The appellant had submitted 

that the injunctions bad been 


ff-ANi 

^-finical 

Sepai; 

- ^'.371 - 


made without jurisdiction, in 
the light of a dictum of Lord 


Lord Justice Woolf and Sir 
Roualeyn Cumming-Bruce 
agreed. 

Solicitors: John Pinnegar & 

Co, Oxted; Rosling King. 


Eyeryone knows the Homepride labeL 
ItVa big earner, a big profit-maker, for 
us here at Dalgety. 

But popular though he is with the 
cusiomtjr, Fred Die Flour-Grader is only one 
of the hdgsehold names in our team. 

You'll just as quickly recognise our latest 
acquisition. Golden Wonder, lor instance, with 
its crisps and por noodles. 

While in petfoods, names like Winaloi, 
Bonio, Prime and Kanomeat certainly ring a 
bell And cash registers. 


Nor that strong brands are our sole line 
ofbusiness. 

Ail round the world, the Dalgety name 
-is also famous for food in bulk. 


We supply grains id millets, flour to 


bakers, mail to distillers and brewers. Fanners 


Dalgety 


A name that goes from strength to strength: 


buy Dalgety animal feed, sow Dalgety seeds, 
and rear Dalgety livestock. 

We’re a major world force in major 
commodities tike cocoa, coffee and sugar. 

In North America, we own die largest 
single fast food distributor in the world 
(as McDonald's, among others, will know). 

. Over the years, the Dalgety plan has been 
to develop wisely and manage well, and beeome 
a very strong link in the world's food chain. 

Since ihe world must eat, that is also 
Dalgety s strength for the future. 


LORD JUSTICE MAY said 
that tbe appellant’s right of way 
was expressed in the grant which 
bad created it to be “for. all 
purposes” but “in common 
with*' all toe owners of land 
adjoining tbe lane. 

In toe Tight of tbe terms of the 
grant .and of White v Grand 


Amending planning 
enforcement notice 


([1934] Ch 190). Steruptiil 
Investments Lid v Htcklin tfun- . 


re po rted), February 23, 1966. 
CA) and Jeibert v Davis ([1968} 
1 WLR 589) it was dear that tbe 
mere fact that toe house was 
■now open to the public for part 
of the year, attracting traffic 
along the lane, whereas not very 


Masefidd and Another v Tay- 
lor 

Where an inspector, ap- 
pointed by toe secretary of state 
to determine an appeal under 
section 88 of the Town and 
Country Planning Act 1971 
against an enforcement notice, 
in determining the appeal 
amended tbe notice in terms 
communicated to the appellant, 
there was no need for toe local 
authority to re-serve toe 
enforcement notice in The 
amended terms. 


.The Queen’s Bench Di- 
25E* 1 Court (Lord Justice 
watkjns and Mr Justice Mann) 
so held on December 5 in 




ppSl tSE ? W ™ Decemter 5 in 

tosmtssmg an appeal by John J 3 by 7* 

A<T 197 ? IfS" “2 «sr MLfield tv -**■ 


, putouiou 

oy way of case slated against 
toeir conviction by BrSport 
Justices for. an offence of non- 
compliance with an enforce- 

scfnf to section 

89oftoe 1971 Act, served by tbe 
respondent, Michael Benjamin 
Taylor, on behair of the West 
Dorset District Council. " 






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4, — 


U® I 


(( HORIZONS D 


A guide to 
job opportunities 


Time for a closer inspection 


The Health & Safety Executive re rt*. 
operational ann of the b 3£ & Safe* 
Co mmi ssi o n. Under this mnbreDamnil 

the Employment Medical^^^^ 
vice and the Inspectorates »!S?i vcr 
^ncgtural, nndear instailaW^5 

SL^EStlS «5*«ive also has 


The work of the Factory 
Inspectorate is a 
misnomer, for it covers 


j. — - r~ *“ v wmswuvc aim ha< 

many sites where people 

scientists — enanpm p>u»:m. . , 

work. Beryl Dixon looks 
at this tall order 


r wva service 

ssia^ 

TOjttaBnoMtarespoS^r^ 
of our other inspectorates” saw tnhn 

«s STS.'S 

jffied jo Basingstoke. “That iu 
hospitals, docks, sports stadiums 
eduction site, SSpyar^T™ 

grounds — a wide range of wo rking 

environments.” vnung 

Quite a tall order, and environments 
reaDy do wry. Hilary Weston/an 
«wpector with ten years* experienc? now 
covering the Kent-Surrcy-Sussex area, 
spent a few days, two years ago, craw W 
underneath the roadway Tmder the 
Iwtford Tunnel, examining air ducts - 
. a .'Yp r kpl ace for many people, and 
potentially hazardous in terms of health 
and safety” - she has also scaled tall 
ladders and crawled around inside larse 
tankers. ^ 

Workmen in Spitaifidds once in- 
advertently dug into a coffin containing a 

Flexibility makes a typical 
week difficult to describe 

corpse. The factory inspector was called 
in and work was stopped immediately 
until a colleague from their sp ecialist 
division ruled out the question of the 
corpse carrying smallpox. It isn't all 
h ea riHne - m a kjng work, stresses the 
Inspectorate, most is straightforward, 
but that doesn't prevent it being interest- 
ing. It's the sort of job where you can 
genuinely say no two days are the sawn* 

The Factory Inspectorate has a 
strength of 600 — with SSO working from 
20 area offices, responsible for some 
400,000 workplaces. Approximately 35 
per cent of the time is spent cm routine 
inspections, says John Russell, and the 
remainder on reactive work— investigate 
mg complaints or accidents. 

So how do inspectors ffanri e which 
workplaces are due few a routine assess- 
ment? The Inspectorate draws up a plan 
every spring for foe whole year’s work. 
National guidelines on time allocation 
are given by headquarters, but each area 
director has discretion to vary the 
suggested percentages according to local 
needs. 

Obviously there are too many work- 
places for each to receive frequent visits: 
so selection criteria are established. 
Workplaces are assessed muter health, 
safety, risk to employers, risk to the 


public and die inspectors’ previous 
opinions of managers* ability to main- 
tain standards. 

. Some establishments are therefore 
visited more often than others, but none 
can be totally ignored. An inspector may 
find his or her allocation c o n tains '‘high 
risk" establishments, “poor performers” 
and those who have not been in tpffi tffi 
for some tune. 

Inspectors work in “industry groups”, 
such as chemistry or constnictioa, with 
three or four other inspectors, reporting 
to a principal inspector who is in turn 
responsible to the area director. 

Hilary Weston, for example, is in a 
group dealing with chemicals, plastics 
and rubber, and also g*nwa l workplace 
inspection in one ge o grap hical area. 
Once the principal inspector ha« divided 
out the year's prog ramme individual 
inspectors can decide on their own year 
plan, with flexibility to decide the timing 
of their routine visits. Then, of course, 
things happen — and a response suddenly 
has to be made to a “reactive” problem. 

The very flexibility involved meant 
that a typical week could not be 
described. It was suggested, however, 
that an average inspector would spend 
about 50 per cent of time out of the 
office, one day on routine visits and two 
and a half on reactive investigation. 

In the office there are reports to write, 
meetings and discussions with col- 
leagues, phone calls and letters from the 
public to deal with and reports to read. 
Inspectors must keep constantly up to 
date — it is impossible to carry the vast 
amount they need to know in their 
heads, but they must know where to 
look. 

To help them, they have access to both 
area and central HSE libraries, the latter 
by computer. Each area office, in 
addition to its general role, acts as a 
specialist in one industry and is respon- 
sible for passing information on that area 

to inspectors all over the country. 
Basingstoke specializes ^ *ha HiscipHiieri 
services (police, fire, prisons), Newcastle 
in shipbuilding. 

Inspectors don't spend their time 
dosing down factories, nor do they 
“police” workplaces. They aim to 
advise, achieving their objectives by 
persuasion. But they can and do conduct 
prosecutions — around 1,500 a year. 


“Court is one option, but we prefer to use 
informal procedures." 

Informal procedures include persua- 
sion. and advice — verbal — then written. 
If this foils, an inspector has other 
courses of action: issuing an improve- 
ment notice, a prohibition notice, or 
finally a summons. They decide which to 
use after weighing up the seriousness of 
the offence and the degree of willingness 
shown by the firm to remedy it. 

Mud) can be achieved by persuasion 
and encouragement. Inspectors therefore 
must be very good communicators at all 
levels from director to shop flora worker, 
trade union representative to member of 
the public. 

I asked John Russell what other 
qualities a good inspector needs. “It suits 
people who are naturally curious and 
want to take ihdr own derations — and at 
quite an early stage. They must not mind 
bong out there on their own for 50 per 
cent of their time. And they need to be 
observant. An inspector walking appar- 
ently idly through a workplace, may have 
checked at least 20 different points with 
his eyes in a few minutes.” 

They do not, however, need to be 
scientists. Arts graduates make very 
good inspectors too. “You’re in the 
business of asking awkward questions, 
and there is complete scientific and 
technical back up when needed.” 

For example, in a common fetal 


It suits people who are of 
a naturally carious nature 


accident on a building site — the collapse 
of a trench — an inspector win be able to 
say from experience that shuttering 
should have been provided. But an 
expert from the regional team of 
specialist inspectors will testify in court 
that the soil was obviously going to foil 
in. One of an inspector’s strengths is 
knowing when to ask fra specialist 
advice. 

Graduate trainees are appointed for a 
two year probationary period. During 
that time they work in two different 
industry groups and are attached to 
others to obtain an all round grounding. 
Theoretical t raining is done through a 
combination of residential courses and 
distance learning. 

Some modules in the training course 
may be missed out by graduates in 
technical subjects, but all are required to 
gain a diploma which is set by Aston 
University. This leads to appointment as 
a Class 2 Inspector. In service training 
continues throughout one's career; the 
HSE itself arranging frequent in service 
courses. After a gap of several years, new 
graduates are being recruited. 

• Further infor m ati on is available 
from other: Health it Safety Executives, 
St Hugh’s House, Stanley Precinct, 
Beetle, or the Cfvil Service Commission, 
Aknce u lank, Blmfogrtshe; Hants. 



29 


PUBLIC APPOINTMENTS 


Chief Executive’s Department 

Assistant Solicitor 


(Post SA111) 

Salary range PO 33-36 
(£11.280 to £12,168 p.a. subject to review) 
plus Essential User Car Allowance 
(loan and leasing available). 

A vacancy has arisen In this busy department, 
for an Assistant Solicitor on the promotion of 
the present post holder to another Authority. 
The post would suit an ambitious and hard- 
working Solicitor or Barrister. Sound 
experience wo uid be gained in a wide range of 
Local Government work especially m Planning 
and Litigation. There wilt be attendance at 
Com m it te es and advocacy in the courts and 
Public Inquiries. 

Ther person appointed will be expected to deal 
with a large and challenging workload. 
Relevant local government experience is 
desirable but applications are invited from 
recently qualified persons working in the public 
or private sectors. 

The post is based at Lowestoft on the Suffolk 
Coast dose to an area of outstanding natural 
beauty and toe Heritage Coast Waveney 
District also includes the towns of Becdes, 
Bungay, Halesworth and Southwold. The cost 
of housing compares favourably with other 
parts of the country. 

The Council operates a Scheme of Relocation 
Assistance lor new employees moving to the 
area and temporary housing accommodation 
should be available If required. 

An Application Form and a fuD Job 
Description may be obtained from the 
Personnel Division, Town Hall, High Street 
Lowestoft Suffolk, NR32 1HS. Telephone 
(0502) 62111 ext 222. dosing date: 16th 
January, 1987. 






SSAFA 


HEALTH VISITORS 
AND MANAGERS 

An expansion at our Health Vistong Service to the Families of British Forces fa 
Germany has created vacancies tor 

HEALTH VISITORS SHI HV 

(Midwifery Certificate an advantage} minimum two yearn' experience. 

SENIOR NURSE GRADE 4, SENIOR NURSE GRADE 5 

to manage Health Viators writing with Sendee Families and the future development 
of a Neighbourhood Nursing sendee. 


Informal meetings: 

Tuesday. 16th December - UMIST. Off SadnOe Street Manchester. Room E2, 
Resetts BuifdW IB un.-3 pjn. 

Thursday. 18th December - Stamm* Crime ol Tectamlagy, 
Cowcaridem Road, Glasgow. 84 DBA, IB aja.-3 p.m. 

These era permanent postings with aU accommodation found. 

Have you Vie qualities we need for these challenging, satisfying posts? 

For farther fafanaetfoa contact Director of Nursing. Sautters’ S rims’ Airmen's 
Fenttftet Assoctettoo. 16/18 0W Omen Street tend*. SW1H 9HP. 


EAST LONDON HOUSING ASSOCIATION 

SENIOR OFFICER 

(Shared Housing) 

Your Opportunity 
for 1987? 

We are a targe and Innovative association covering 
much of East London, but committed to local 
management ideals. We have just created a new 
housing management team responstob for two 
previously separate shared housing -schemes for 
angle people and now seek a Sartor Officer to toad It 
The post wfll demand sound housing knowledge and 
experience and the qu80ties necessary to develop 
and support a team. Possibly an Ideal opportunity for 
an experienced Housing Officer seeking his/her first 
management position. Based at Stretford. 

Salary: £11,307 to £12.009 plus essential car user 
allowance. 

For further detatta telephone Dawn Povrefi on 01-519 
2233 . 

Closing date: tori December, 1988 . 

ELHA Is an equal opportunities employer. 


This forward looking Authority, located on the 
attractive coast of Hampshire, sesks to appoint a 

SENIOR 

SOLICITOR 

£13,653 • £14,862 (under review) 

We are looking for an ambitious hard-worfdng 
Solicitor preferably with at least 5 years Local 
Government experience and an interest in 
management. The pos (holder will exorcise day 
to day leadership of our legal division providing 
an advisory service to Committees and line 
Managers in all toe Council’s Departments. 

Additionally, toe legal division is responsibly for 
Land Charges and for representing toe Council 
before Courts and Tribunals. 

The postholder wiH be expected to undertake 
personally toe more complex matters arising in 
toe division and to supervise the 
computerisation of toe Land Charges Register. 
An interest in new technology would be an 
advantage. 

The Council operates a generous scheme of 
allowances for relocation and temporary 
accommodation. 

Application form and fob description available 
from: The Personnel Section, . GOSPORT 
Borough Council, town Hall, Gosport, 

P012 1EB 


Q 


Tel 0705 584 242. 

Closing date: 5 January, 
1987 

Gosport Borough Council 
is an equal opportunity 
employer. 



County Secretary’s 
Department 

ASSISTANT East Sussex 

SOLICITOR 

Able and energetic Solictor required for 
child care and licensing including advo- 
cacy. Interesting post 

Salary in the range £1 2,894~£1 6,243, 
depending on experience. 

Generous relocation grants. Local 
Government experience not essential. 

Applications also welcome from newly ad- 
mitted solictors and those awaiting 
admission. 

Further particulars and application form 
from Pat WeUer, Pelham House, St 
Andrews Lane, Lewes BN7 1UN. Tel: 
(0273) 475400, ext 573. 

East Sussex fs committed to equal 
opportunities. 22B 


Borough of Gosport 


PRINCIPAL SOLICITOR 

Safely Scale TO (SR) 1-4 217,918 - £19.104 
AVon County Council te a targe public authority 
employing some 35,000 people with a budget of 
over £400m. The Council's Headquarters 
buftdsnQs are situated in Bristol and the County 
itself Is located in a very attractive part of the 
country with easy access to the Countryside and 
the coast as well as London. - 
This is a third tier post in the Department of 
Administration and Legal Services. The job will 
involve managing a team of admitted and 
unadmitted staff dealing with highways, 
public transport, 
property mailers. 


economic 
The pastholder 


wiH have 


handle a s ubs ta ntial personal 
As wed as-being quaBfied solicitors 
must have wide experience over several years In 
taw, admin tetration and management gained 
within toe public sector. 

AppfaBna by fan oofa naBahto ebb farter details 
tram fee Director if PoratanaL P 0 Box 27 B, Am 
Koasa. The HayoniteL Bristol BSS 9 7 HE 

HE (amph o ra 


Pteass note refamc o Boater ADWLEG/DBB 1 B/T 2 M 
wtea ra fctagjor tanni which mat be reared by 19 ft ■ 


Ad ml n b f refl ra and Legal Sendees Departaiaat 

Am m an Equal Ope 


rnmabBity tor As port. 

~~ or 


A/on 

I COUNTY COUNCIL 


LEGAL APPOINTMENTS 


GANTBIBURY 

CHRIST CHURCH COLLEGE Of HIGHER EDUCATION 

HEAD OF DEPARTMENT 
OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY 

Tlie College has been imiW by I*™ 5 ® 
in Occupational Therapy with an intake of 30 studen ts t or 
which validation and accreditation is now hang sought 

The person appointed will have academic andfraia^ 
responsibility tor the establishment and operation or tms 
new diptoma/degree course. 

It is intended that the appointment wNI take effect as soon as 

possible after 1 Januaiy 1987 

Salary Principal Lecturer scale, £14,784-£18,588 (under 

Further details are avatfabte iftom the ’ PJnciPjJ. towhwn 
applications should be returned by 15 January 1987 


CONTROLLER OF 
PLANNING 

Technical Services 
Department 
£17,871 - £18,906 

This second tier post requires a 
motivated Planner to tead. and tte wmk 

of the Planning Division, combining Forwram 
Planning. Development Control and Buildfng Control. 

Membership of RT*I and a wide experience of 
Forward Planning end Development Contro^ 
53* aknowledge g BifoWdij 

ability to negotiate on planning issues important. 
Assistance with housing; M removal expenses; 
flexitime. _ . 

Fattier details and an appfi*^^ 

EflSmSflS 9tt J SjpA 

SB^Blaphon. Wat 40175 ■ 

Ansa phone 24 hours). 

(Re! 0/196/85) 

■The Council e an Equal OpportmUes Employ*. 

borough of 

WATFORD 


2 SOLICITORS 

. £12,894 to £14,862 

FoBovring a ro-appraisaJ of the Council's requirements we are 
looking for 2 sofidtorc to work under the direction rtf the 
District Sscretaiy (legal) m our small but busy legal section. 

The varied duties of these posts wifi provide good 
experience for those interested in developing a career In 
Local Government. Applicants should be aue to demonstrate 
post qualifications experience 'm local government alttwugh 
consideration wffl be given to the right newty quaflffed 
applicants, or appficants horn privSB practice. Those 
apoointad can expect to participate in a vrtde range of legal 
activities in a smafl trifles dealing wftti a amber of high level 
and exciting projects. The emphasis however is on litigation, 
advocacy, pfenning law aid conveyancing. 

The rinsing date for applications Januaiy 5th 1987 with 
interviews fikefy to be held during the week commencing 
12th January 1987 

Tandridge is a progressive authority set ki a beautiful 
comer of Surrey and is weS served by bob) the M25 and 
M23. It has recently compjetiy renewed its recruitment and 
renun er ation packages and is now offering very competitive 
terms and conditions of emptoyment (Incfudtig up to 100% 
■mortgage eouafezfion aHowancs in the fast yeas). Fk 
further debus and appQcalta terra please aofact Be 
Personnel Section, ra Catortaa 45711 or write fa fin 
Head of Penoanel aad Management Sendees at te 
Coned Offices, Harastoao Vtfey Road, Caterbam, CHS 
6YN. 

TANDRIDGE DISTRICT COUNCIL 


BUSINESS 
AFFAIRS ASSISTANT 

EM MUSIC PUBLISHING LTD 

EMI Music F’ubTtshing LM, a major 
intemationai company, isseeklngto 
appoint a Business Affairs Assistant 
(Legal). ... 

The successful applicant, who will work 
closely with the Business Affairs Manager, 
win be responsible for the drafting of 
contracts in relation to the acquisition and 
commercial exploitation of music 
copyrights and for research into legal 
problems. 

Candidates will ideally be qualified 
Soficitors or Banisters, with a good 
working knowledge of contract and 
copyright law. A good sense of humour, 
plus the abifttytowork well under ptessuie 
are vital qualifies, and previous 
experience within the Music Business 
woukJ be a distinct advantage. • - 

Whilst this isnot asenior appointment, ft 
offers excellent prospects fora person 
with ptenty of energy, ambition and 
enthusiasm. 

Salary, which is competitive in its field, is 
accompanied by usual large company 
benefits including contributory pension 
scheme, season ticket loan scheme, etc. 
Appfications In writing with detailed cv 
should be sent to:— 

Simon tekatder, 

Personnel Manager, 

EMI Music Publishing Ltd. 
138- 140 Charing Ooss Road, 

a thorn an London WC2H0LD. 



| Legal Recruitment I 

I We axe one of tbe largest recruitment companies in the U.JC, forming 

~ part of a diverse corporate services group with interests in market 

research, public relations, corporate design and advertising. 

To maintain our impressive growth race we now wish to strengthen our 
team of qualified lawyers by appointing two additional consultants. 

Candidates should beyoung, recently qualified sohdanswho will need a 
high level of drive and the ability to deal successfully with people at 
aiflevek. 

In return we offer a lively and friendly working environment and an 
extremely attractive salary package which includes a company car after a 
qualifying period. 

If you are interested please write to Laurence Simons (himself a 
qualified solicitor) at the Legal Division, Michael Page Partnership, 

39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH. 




MkiiaelP^ePartnersh^ 

International Recruitment Consultants 
London Windsor Bristol Birmingham Not ti ngham Manchester Leeds Glasgpw&Mfetidwhfe 
A member of Addison Consultancy Comp PLC 




E/QPRE 



1 -* :>w Council for the Prelection 

of Rural England 

RECORDS CLERK 

IUb Gogncfl lor tha Protection of Rural 
England, a CQunMds Oon wrcO or 
io*untary body, require* a. Records Op* far the routine 
mstatengneo of i» teg system and reference sacton. He/ahe wfi 
be BeH-meaMod enrf m bo required to Max and fib a wide 
variety ol documents, A rovfaw, orderly and fiMtradcU mprosch 
wttfi attention to dotal to essential Previous f3nu/roe»ng 
axperienee pretareUa. Tyoteg ability and an interest fa 
environments conservation nefafaL Possfaity Of fhxfeb horn. 
Salary £6.750 nagottofate, 

withev, by 5 January 1987. to Office AdotateMor, CPRE, 
Pteee, Louden, SW1W OHY. 


ST CATHARINE’S COLLEGE, 
CAMBRIDGE 

COLLEGE LECTURSHIP IN FRENCH 

■R* College Wands to arndm. W8i attest tom 1 Quota 1987. a Mere 
lecturer to bad) France Lterafan and Lawage tar tod) pans of me 
Uottan ad UedB«al Laigiagtt Tnpm The ledum ate be rioted 
» i Fetowlup and vdl be epectod to fa Erector ol States m Modern 
Languages if so nequRd 

Tin aramWiren! wffl t* te 3 yen in a* fra ream. 

Tin Ebay utt tie equftafcut B Ufa ol a Umertay Asasant Laovm. 
Further panadas n ayte oMa b^iroi ra Smio r Tirofs Se oefat^ St 
" ' * * *" xu stood fa 




COMMERCIAL/COMPANY 

SOLICITOR 

Required to head the 
Commercial department and 
augment and assist the 
successful Litigation and 
Property department of 
Freedman & Co. The post 
commands a high salary and 
early partnership prospect for 
the successful applicant 

Please contact 01-580 8621 
Ref AD W or CLB 

or write with C.V. to: 

24-27 Thayer Street 
London W1M 5LJ. 


SENIOR LEGAL 
ASSISTANT 

Copyright Department 


BBCB 


We are an equal 
opportunities employer 


A vveil qualified entertainment or business affairs 
lawyer is required to provide legal advice and 
assistance across the full range of toe BBC’s 
commercial activities. Ibis wifi include 
programme sales, video and record distribution, 
pubfishing and merchandising activities of BBC 
Enterprises as well ascontrartswito 
independent producers and wfto the copyright 
collecting societies. 

it is anticipated that you will have had several 
years' substantial experience in this type of work. 

Salary according to qualifications and 
experience up to £21,486. 

Based Central London. Relocation expenses 
considered. 

Contact us immediately lor application form 
(quote ref. 3113/T and enclose s.ae.) 

BBC Appo in tment s , London W1 A 1AA. 

TeL 01-9275799. 



POOLE - DORSET 
TREV ANION & CURTIS 

We are an old estabhshed tut friendly and 

office, four-partner, general practice in a delifjntfu and 
area Of the country. We urgently need an assistant Ji 
solicitor with previous aU round experience fa start on 5.1.57 or 
as sowi as possible thereafter. Minimum two years 
experience of general litigation and criminal advocacy. 

Competitive safety and partnership prospects. 

Please apply now with C.V. to 

Bryan Keeping 
Trarata 6 Cntis 
15 Ctimfa Road 
Paristoe, Poole, Donat 
(6282) 731000 


GOODMAN frCQ 
CRIMINAL ADVOCATE 

Reqfaed by very tx&y West 
Loidm fiim Musi fa jUb to «wk 
under prussuc and have b sense 
ol human' Euefant relay ota 
car Nealy bottom) sotetor 


Tetm-743 9887 


WITNEY 

kM - — » P.. 1 . - 

west roerssan 
PROBATE 

SoadBV/EteCBten required to 

manage rroora D^iaimere d 

JOHN WELCH S STAMSS 
24 Ctercti Green 
Uttny 

Ozog 0X5 SAT 


"sa* 1 




PARRY’S 

Seek articled clerks 
immediately for both 
their Herne Bay and 
Chatham Offices. 
Please, apply with 
full CV to: 

. 8b B L Parry 
’s Bank Ctetnbere 
Street. Heme Bay 
Kent CT6 5NJ. 


EAST SUSSEX COAST 

We as seeing lor our 
Eastbourne office a sotator tar 
a broad range ol hoik 
con lentous wort wifi ai 

emohass on conreyanonq «d 
commerce). We wdl provide a 
good salary and car, woftern 
wortfag conditions hi a 
atmosphere plus partm _ 
jttEpMtelBihtngrt 
apobcant. 

Pteasapfeny Peter Taylor n 
0323 648411. 


Chief Executive and Clerk's Department 

Assistant Solicitor 

P03-9 n2.555-f14.862 

To be an integral pari ot a team providing legal and 
admmisiiaiive services for a group ol Commfflees withm 
the Council Individual resooriabiltties within toe Department 
are vaned Irani time to tone end the post theeloie 
represents an exratlem opportunity to obtain broad 
Experience ol the work ol me Council 
Relevant local ooverrmurul emeuence preferable bul 
not essentBl. and apptications tram recently Quaimed 
sondiors w?B be consdeied 
The Department s Offices are siluaied ai County Hall in 
NorfflaJJenan which e within easy reach of toe Yonrshiie 
Dales and North Yort Moors National Parks and many 
competitively pnC8d lesnfeniB' areas Assratawa tpven 
wilh retocaiion expenses m accordance with me council s 
Scheme 

. For inlonnal discussion let® hone Michael Lqhttool 
text 2102i 

Further particulars and application terms (njtamable 
by 6/1/87) from d» Chief Executive and Cfert, County 
Hall. Northallerton. North Yorkshire DL7 BAD. 

Tel. {0609) 31 23 Bid. 2615. Interviews wiH he held 
til 1 earty in die New Year 


NORTH YORKSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL 




TOUWS Mimn DeHtoW non 
con tenuous bus with esLah- 
Jtshed Surrey nraUn. lak. 
ti'KSK Consultants. OOSS 
ZB IBS 


toohc souemm tor new m 
nee ot small cuhimm DwM 
firm. Good oromcW- LUtoaum 
but».-Ta 12.Sk. Wessex Consui- 
ants. OHB 25183 


private: Client spoctahu lor w 
UUKiMd Burks, Town ftrni 
i 5 fc Wessex CansuUanu. 0930 
26183 . 

BRANCH Manaocr/es West MW- 
tanas smn I own. 1 2 k wessar 
ConsuBanls. 0930 2BI85. 

NEWLY aUALmCD for Criminal 
LU. W MM. Mary Male. AoccTO 
Personne l 0986 816606 




30 


TWF TTMES TUESDAY DECEMBER 16 1986 


$ i| 

s ss 


LEGAL APPOINTMENTS 




Young Commercial Lawyer 


Senior Assistant 
Solicitor 


Breaking new ground in financial services 

c£19,000 + Car W. Midlands 


After just one year of operations, the 
National Home Loan Corporation has 
already established itself as a leading 
innovator in the residential mortgage 
market. One of our key areas of future 
development involves the development of 
financial transactions with leading 
international financiers, and it's for this 
area that we're seeking a young, ambitious 
Commercial Lawyer. 

Based at our Solihull HQ and attending 
numerous meetings with financial 

- . - j i - - , ruj m i :ui _ 


their legal advisers and establishing the 
legal and financial arrangements in major 
transactions. 


financial services sector). A self-starter, 
you'll have the professionalism and 
credibility to act on your own initiative and 
the communication skills to operate at 
senior levels. 

Most importantly, you'll recognise the 
tremendous career opportunity that this 
high visibility position offers. 

lb find out more, and about the 
excellent benefits package, send a brief CV 
to Peter Jones, Personnel Department, 
The National Home Loans 
Corporation pic, St. Catherine’s Court, 
Herbert Road, Solihull, W. Midlands. 
B913QE. 


Up to £16,749 p.a. 

Enfield, one of the largest London Boroughs, is a 
unique blend of town and country. Although a third 
of it is protected countryside it enjoys the advantages 
which come with being only 1 2 miles from the heart 
of the capital. It has excellent transport Jinks. 

Its busy legal office serves the Borough's wide range 
of functions, environment and cultures. 

You will be an experienced advocate who sees 
prosecution as a significant part of the legal function 
in promoting the public interest. You will be 
responsible for supervising all aspects of prosecution 
work and will be expected to handle the more 
important cases personally. Other areas of work will 
involve Town Planning and civil ligitation. 

Starting salary depends on age and experience. 

All reasonable removal and relocation expenses will 
be met, and temporary housing is available for up to 
51 weeks. 


To succeed, it's likely that you'll be aged 
25-30, a graduate with a legal or financial 
qualification and at least 3 years experience 
in a commercial environment Gdeally in a 


Mm t to n m / 


Thomson Snell 
& Passmore 


Solicitors 

COMMERCIAL 


SOLICITOR 


Due to the firm's ongoing expansion we have 
now an urgent requirement to fill a vacancy in 
our Tonbridge office. 


We are looking for an energetic person who has 
had good general commercial experience for two 
years or more since admission and wants to be 
involved in the growth of this progressive 
practice. The post offers an excellent salary and 
partnership prospects. . 


Please ring, or write to, Charles Hooper, 
Thomson Snell & Passmore, 3 Lonsdale 
Gardens, Tunbridge Wells. Kent TNI 1NX. 
Telephone (0892) 510000. 


Waltons & Morse 


The commercial property department at Waltons & 
Morse is, following rapid expansion in its work load, 
looking for an able and energetic solicitor to join it. 


You will be part of a small friendly team; the 
atmosphere at the firm is congenial, the work is 
varied and of very high quality and you will be 
involved from the outset on substantial development 
transactions. 


Applicants will preferably be City trained and have 
at least two years’ relevant experience. This is an 
important appointment for the Finn and there will 
be excellent prospects for the right person. A 
substantial salary will be paid. 


Please contact John Rothwell, the head of the 
department. 


WALTONS & MORSE 
Plantation House 
31-35 Fenchurch Street 
London EC3M 3NN 


01-623 4255 


LEGAL ADVISER 
TRADE ASSOCIATION 


Applications are invited from qualified solicitors and 
■banisters for the post of legal adviser to the Diary Trade 
Federation. 


The work covers a wide range of activity including general 
advice to diary companies, monitoring of proposed EEC and 
UK legislation , drafting of submissions to. government, and 
the review of standard contracts used in the diary industry. 


A young lawyer with some post qualification experience 
would be likely to meet the requirements of the job. The 
ability to work with senior personnel in member companies 
is important, as is the ability to work harmoniously with 
colleagues of other disciplines in a small team. 

The offices are of a high quality, located on the edge of 
Regents Park. The salary will be commensurate with 
qualifications and experience. 

Applicants should send a comprehensive CV to:- 

WH Freeman, 

Finance Director and Secretary, 

The Diary Trade Federation limited, 

19 Cornwall Terrace, London NWl 4QP. 


EE 



Further details are available from the Chief Executive 
and Town Clerk, PO Box 50, Civic Centre, Sliver 
Street, Enfield, Middlesex EN1 3XA. 

Tel: 01-366 9488 « 

Closing date 2.1.87 / A 

Reference BLE/370 London Borough of 


fHE BROMBARD GHUur 

are seeking 3 

SOLICITOR 

» ^ ^ vmm «"*- lam n "" 

Sussex. 

jyrnp-ssy.assaiS** 

Key rajisfOTents are:- , 

• .« irLJSSSSS! E, * nm9 ** ’ 

commercial conveyancing tecKgrouno. 

THE BHOWBAHOGROUP 

witfi a London office and cofjxnte 

abroad. The Group assists eW gM jggL , n providing 
cherts, towttef USE M. P««*on 

cornmeroaffy based mvestrnsrt, property, 
and msurance arrangements. 

Applications in writing enclosing a full C.V. should tie made to: 

N. Murray 
Solicitor 

The Brernbard Group 
Duke House 
32 Waterloo Street 
Hove 

E Sussex BN3 IAN 







*•**■-• -up* • ■ -- 


m 





| Opportunity K^tf 

L Employer 


1*1 


MOVE TO THE 
COTSWOLDS 

Small well -established firm requires a solicitor with 
post-admission experience in advocacy and 
conveyancing. Very definite prospects of aneari> 
partnership for the right person. PI®** ®PP|y *° 
Bailey & Bailey. 28 Cambray Place. Ch eltenham . 
GIos. GL50 UN. 


THE MILLER GROUP 

SOLICITOR 

GOD AIMING Negotiable 4- Car 


t 





> K : %.• t -V. . • J - • , • 

•'•vi;.-.-; 


The Miller Group: of Companies is engaged in all 
forms of construction and development throughout the 
United Kingdom and has a current annual turnover of 
£l35m. We wish to appoint a suitably experienced Solicitor 
to take overall responsibility for a Legal Department 
handling private housing and commercial developments, 
largely in the South of England. 

The successful applicant is likely to be more than 
30 years of age with not less than six years recent relevant 
experience. He/she will be based in Miller House, 
Godaiming, with responsibility to the Group Company 
Secretary and Legal Advisor, who is based in Edinburgh. 

To take frill account of age and experience this 
appointment offers a competitive salary along with excellent 
conditions of employment including company car, pension 
scheme, life assurance, BUPA, and assistance with 
relocation if necessary. 

\ v Apply in confidence, giving full personal and 

i career details to: — 

S^\\ Director, Personnel Services, 

I Miller House. 18 South Groathill Avenue, 

1 Edinburgh EH4 2LW. 

THE MILLER GROUP ■ CONSTRUCTION 
DEVELOPMENTS ■ HOMES • MINING 


Trust 


■ x. •••;; 


Lawyer 


C • jS : ; -.v 


McKenna & Co 

COMMERCIAL 


We have an opening in our Trusts 
Department for a lawyer predominantly to 
handle probate matters of a wide variety, 
very often with a foreign element, but also 
to advise on trusts and estate planning. 

We are looking for someone with a good 
academic record who is able to get on well 
with others and has experience of probate 
and an enthusiasm and aptitude for trusts 
and tax law. 

We can offer a satisfying and well rewarded 
career to someone of the right ability. 

Please apply by sending a full CV to: 

Mrs Alizoun Dickinson 
Linkiaters & Paines 
Barrington House . 

• 59/67 Gresham Street 
. . London EC2V7J A. 


LINKLATERS & PAINES 


PROPERTY 

SOLICITORS 


I N C E S CO. 


We are continuing to recruit additional commercial property 
solicitors. We can offer to those with up to two years' 
experience (or near to admission) a full range of work of 
good quality for commercial, institutional and development 
clients. 

In an expanding department and form, there are bound to be 
long-term prospects fbr solicitors with enterprise, personality 
and ability and it is these characteristics which we particularly 
seek, rather than relevant experience. 


SOLICITORS 


Are you a young Solicitor looking for a challenge? 


Please apply in writing, enclosing detailed CV to:- 
J.B. Driffield, McKenna & Co. Inveresk House, 


infffeld, McKenna & Co. Inveresk House, 
1 Aldwycb, London WC2R OHF. 


The Institute of Chartered 
Accountants in England and Wales 

We axe seeking to appoint a 

SOLICITOR 
or BARRISTER 


SOUTH BUCKS 
SOLICITORS 


Our international commercial, insurance and 
maritime practice is growing. If you want a tough, 
intellectual challenge and enjoy litigation and don’t 
mind foreign travel at the drop of a hat, why not 
come and see what we offer? The rewards are good 
and the prospects are excellent. 


Require an Assistant SoBotor 
for their rapdty expanding 
Branch Office in High 
Wycombe to undertake 
general wort with a bias 
towards conveyancing. 


Incidentally, we are not divided into departments. If 
you join us, you will be involved in the whole work 
of the firm. It’s part of the challenge. 


To assist the Director of the Institute’s 
Professional Conduct Department, which is 
responsible for the maintenance of the ethical 
and professional standards of members. 


The succesrfuj candidate w# 
hopshjUy have no less than 
one year's post admission 
experience and be able to 
wort raider pressure with 
mJramai supervision 


Write , enclosing a detailed curriculum vitae to: 


The successful candidate probably in late 20's 
will be required to deal with the range of 
activities spanning the work of the department 
and generally to service its committees and 
working parties. The post is based in our 
Milton Keynes office. 


Please apply wtfh CV to: 
Keflh Brass. Crisps ft mw. 
Aries Hesse, SW§M 8ft, 


Bocfcntfnnstabs HP1B9HS. 
Tet BE 85 24735 


Salary up to £19,000 p-a. and other benefits 
include free medical insurance and 
contributory pension scheme. 


THE INSTITUTE OF 

CHARTERED 

ACCOUNTANTS 


ASA LAW 
LOCUMS 


The Partnership Secretary 
Ince & Co. 

Enollys House 
11 Byward Street 
London EC3R 5EN 


Please apply enclosing 
current c.v. to: 


Has moved to 
new offices 

(off) Chancery Lane 


!: Kill ' 


ImillllillillllllMilf 


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Geoffrey Gree n, Football 
Correspondent of T he 
Times from 1946 to 1976. 
writes of the men who 
creafeg^ne ; of the most 
famous clubs in sport 






' ■/< 

• • ■ > •'>•***•- "I* - " „’**». . - '.v , , • 


Cap first David Jack beads wide in the 1930 FA Cup Coal at Wembley, where Arsenal beat Huddersfield 2-0 for their first title ^ *°°» asressive wing 

Denis Compton, an all-round sportsman 


A reenal Football Club celebrate 
Jr®' 1 centenary on Christmas 

.*00 years from their oric- 
mal title of Dial Square, through 
. the thirties when they became 
the first Bntish team to export their name 
to the world, on to- the League charapion- 
. ship and the FA Cup double in 1970-71 
Sp and now atop the first division. 

Christened Dial Square in 1886, the 
name was soon altered to Royal Arsenal 
then to Woolwich Arsenal in 1891 and 
finally to Arsenal when Sir Henry Norris, 
the chairman, moved the dub from 
Woolwich to Highbury in 1913. That was 
the first move made by an astute man. 

Following the Great War, there came an 
even more decisive step when Herbert 
Chapman was persuaded away from 
Huddersfield Town, in his native York- 
shire, to become the manager at Highbury. 
A leader of men in his own world, he was, 
in a sense, a Winston Churchill. He 
possessed a flair for revitalizing any thing 
he touched. He had die precious giftaf 
looking ahead of his time, though others 
were too slow to follow his ideas. 

Huddersfield, a football dub in the heart' 
of the Rugby League game, were so poorly 
supported that they were on the brink of 
, disappearing in 1 91 9. But under Chapqaan, 
w they were promoted to the firiit division in 
1 920, and lost 1-0 to Aston Villa in the FA 
Cup final the same season : 

Two years later, they won the Cnp for the 
first time, beating Preston North End l-0at 
Stamford Bridge. Chapman next guided 
Huddersfield to three consecutive League 
championship titles, in 1924, 1925 and 
1926. They were the first English club to 
achieve such a feat 

But by 1925-26, Chapman had brought 
his magic to Highbury. Arsenal finish ed 
runners-up in the League that season — 
five points behind his former club, 
Huddersfield- In 1927, he took Arsenal- to 
their first FA Gup final, where they4oat'l-0' 
to Cardiff City at Wembley. But by l930 
they were in the Wembley final again, and 
there they took their first title after a 2-0 


wwrover Huddersfield Town, it was all championship years, and Hulme, who 
rainer ironic as the magician spread his brought the crowds swaying down the 
stardust over his new team at the expense terraces as if caught in the slipstream of his 
5? “S old champions. In 1 931, Arsenal won speed, also hit 24 - to complete a total of 
toe League for the first time, were runners- 57 goals from the wings in a season, a figure 
up the following year, and then proceeded unlikely ever to be beaten. 

? M WSte J c ^5P ionslli P . foroml* 1 in Chapman was a discip linarian , but feir- 
* ”4 and 1 935 — at which point he minded. His word was law, and the players, 
died suddenly of pneumonia. though a dmiring him, were afraid to 

Yet Chapman s presence still lives on at disagree. When Walsall beat Arsenal in the 
Highbuw m the shape of his bust in the third round oftbe Cup in January 1933 - a 
marble halls and in the life-long message defeat which shook the country, and one 
mat Arsenal must always look for quality. Arsenal were never allowed to force t - 
That was always the basis of Chapman's Tommy Black kicked a Walsall player in 
outlook, and was allied to a clever tactical the heat of the moment Chapman never 
^nse on foe field of play. He worked it at picked him again for Arsenal and within a 
Huddersfield and when the offside law .was month he was transferred to Plymouth 
changed m 1926, be adapted his team to it Argyie. I wonder how be would have laced 
Basically, he brought in the defensive the player power of today, 
centre half or third bade, he used the two Beyond this, he experimented with 
wipg halves and two inside forwards as the numbers on players* shirts in practice, five 
orchestra tors of the symphony, and used years before the FA brought in the law; he 
both wingers mpmeer sweeps to service the had London Regional Transport change 
centre forward. the name of their Piccadilly line under- 

T hus, Chapman nsed Herbie Rob-' (pound station from Gillespie Road to 
erts at the rear, between Male and Arsenal; and he tried floodlights 20 years 
Hapgood, the frill backs; Crayston before they came on in Britain in 1951. 
and the powerful Wilf Copping — To analyse this famous dub since their 
who, to borrow a birth would be to condense 100 years into 
P. G. Wodehouse expression, was “a hard- 30 hour-glass. There has been a parade of 
boiled egg,” — as the midfield providers for chairmen, managers, players and events — 
the stylish David Jack and Alex James to 50106 more distinguished than others, 
create the attacking openings in the last Some of them have already been men- 
third of the pitch;' and Joe Hulme on the tioned. But who can forget that Ted Drake, 
right and Cuff Basin on the left, with a charming and brave bull — and a 
Lambert and finally Ted Drake in the Hampshire cricketer in the summer — on 


outlook, and was allied to a clever tactical 
sense on the field of play. He worked it at 
Huddersfield and when the oflside law .was 
changed in 1926, be adapted his team to ft. 
Basically, he brought in the defensive 
centre half or third bade, he used the two 
wing halves and two inside forwards as the 
orchestra tons of the symphony, and 
both wingers in pincer sweeps to service the 
centre forward. 

T hus, Chapman nsed Herbie Rob- 
erts at the rear, between Male and 
Hapgood, the frill backs; Crayston 
and the powerful Wilf Copping — 
who, to borrow a 
P. G. Wodehouse expression, was “a hard- 
boiled egg,” — as the midfield providers for 
the stylish David Jack and Alex James to 
create the attacking openings in the last 
third of the pitch; and Joe Hulme on the 
right and Cliff Basin on the left, with 
Lambert, and finally Ted Drake in the 
centre to crack open opposing defences. 

Here was a complete team of masters. 
Moss was an- international goalkeeper. I 
once saw Jack weave his way through the 
Aston V31a defence with a sway of his 
shoulders, ending up by leaning casually 
against an upright; and James, a ma gician 
at a children’s party, once opened my eyes 
to the range of the game. With Arsenal 
losing 1*0 to Sheffield United at Highbury, 
he waved his foot over a through pass like a 
wand^to split foe whole Sheffield defence 


one winter’s afternoon in the thirties hit foe 
Aston Villa net seven times in eight shots at 
Villa Park. 

J oe Mercer, who had a smile as wide 
as a pumpkin and foe legs of a 
cowboy, and Ronnie Rooke- 
both considered at the end of their 
careers at Everton and F ulham 
respectively — found foe cal] to Highbury 
to save Arsenal from impending relegation 
in 1946, a remarkable reprieve. 

Arsenal hold a modem record of almost 
70 years of unbroken membership of the 
first division, and in November 1934. set 
another that seems unlikely to be broken 
when seven of their players appeared for 
England in a 3-2 victory (a violent match) 
over Italy, who were soon to be world 
champions, at Highbury. The men were 
Moss (goalkeeper), Male and Hapgood (full 
backs); Copping (wing half), Bowden, 
Drake and Bastin (forwards). 

One failure was the arrival of Bryn Jones 
for a record fee of £14,000 shortly before 
the Second World War. A b rillian t 
goalscorer for Wolverhampton Wanderers , 
he was acquired to take foe place of Alex 
James as a creative inside fonvard. It was 
not his game, a grave error by Geoige 
Allison, the manager. 

Tactically a comparative failure, Jones 
however, must be included in a list of other 
scientific creative inside forwards such as 
George Easlham, Jimmy Logie, Charlie 
George and Liam Brady — perhaps the 


wide open. Bemused by foe decoy, they let 
Lambert, foe centre forward, go through 
tmefcallenged for a goal. It was as if the Red 
. Sea- had. pitied for Arsenal, who won 8-1. 

Bastin, deadly and slightly dea£ scored 
33 goals from the wing in one of Arsenal’s 


Ten highlights in club’s history 5sS=SfB»SK3£ 

• 1913 - Name and ground changed: ‘Woohrictf dropped from their name end moved to tfigtibury. , ... , . 

• 1919 -Promoted to tot dMatans Araanrt tare •pent the Inst 67 conueuttve yew* In tfi flm H- P®** Bookswhlchtentfe star* of Arsenal 

vision and are ft* longest-serving dub. • Arsenal : 1886-1986, by Phil Soar and 

• 1928 -First Are-figure transfer: Huitert Chapman became the fast manager to pay £1ft000 for a Martin Tyler, Hamlyns, £12.95 (£14.95 from 

player, buying David Jack from Botton Wanderers. the Club shop, including package and 

• 1934 — Eijglfiiid at Highbury: Sewn Arsenal players appear hi tho 3-2 England postage). Contains details ofevmy League and 

• 1935 - Deadly Drake- Ted Drake acorodaeven goals agmst Stoke Cfty/equa*lnfl the recoid in- 

cflvkfejal total for a first efivision match. f,. St P7 ^ ^ lton J Rl W 

• 193T -TV debut: Fkst five tatemed football mateh was staged at Highbury and broadcast from the Moorland Jnmushera Ltd, £4.95. A detailed 

neaiby TV studio* in Alexandra Palace. - - — bi story of Highbury up to 2981. Black and 

• IjjgP-Faira Cup: Won first E u ro p ean t Hl B M a g a inat A nd e rta cim n file Fafce Cw» IlnalL - — -white illustrations. ,_ 4 __ 

• 19H -T^douoteBwtlellae^aaldawontlieTaagueeliaiiidoiisHpand f afio w adltupwifiiBieFA — Herbert Chapman —'Football Emperor, by 

Cur boating Uvwpool 2-1 at Wembley. Stephen Studd: Peter Owen Ltd.. £8.50.' 'A 

** **** ^ Hwa * ***”"* Mwfcaalla'a study in the origins of modem soccer, telling 

au-wne record of 11 FA Cup final appearances. the story of Arsenal’s most femous managed 


who played cricket but worked at football, 
had his career as a promising outside left 
curtailed by a damaged knee. Malcolm 
Macdonald was a swashbuckling centre 
forward is the Drake mould who scored 42 
goals in 84 games between 1976 and 1978. 
He was acquired from Newcastle United 
for £333,333, but even an open cheque 
from Tom Whittaker failed to get Black- 
pool to part with Stanley Matthews. 

Reg Lewis, a centre forward of subtlety, 
scored 94 goals in 124 games. He was once 
given a lift home by foe police in a black 
maria from outside the Cafe Royal after 
scoring the two goals that beat Liverpool in 
the FA Cup final of 1 950. T axis were scarce 
as giraffes at foe North Pole that night. 

Chapman, George Allison and Tom 
Whittaker, who served the dub from 1919 
to 1956 as player, trainer, assistant man- 
ager and manager, followed one another 
through the thick times. Then came the 
thin period when Arsenal' suffered decline , 
while the 1930s hung around their neck like 
an albatross as Crayston, Swindin and Billy 
Wrigfrt followed quickly until Bertie Mee 
led Arsenal to the League and cnp double — 
and entry into Europe — in 1971. 

There then followed Terry Neill, a 
former player, and Don Howe. Now 
George Graham, a member of that double- 
winmng team, has left- foe club to a 
challenge for the title, although Charlie 
Nicholas yet to show his Celtic form. Bob 
Wall, secretary and.fmally a director after 
more than 50 years at the chib, used to hear 
footsteps around foe premises at night; If ft 
was Chapman keeping a ghostly eye on the 
present, tomorrow is largely up to Graham 
and his young team. 

Three Books which tell the story of Arsenal 
• Arsenal 1886-1986 . by Phil Soar and 
Martin Tyler Hamlyns. £12.95 (£14.95 from 
the Club shop, including package and 
postage). Contains details of eveiy League and 
cup m at ch Arsenal have played — results, 
teams, and dales, with colour as weD as black 
and white illustrations. 


Eagles put 
5 ageing 
Ifc Cowboys 

to flight 

By Robert JOrtey 

In the eyes of Texas, foe 
Philadelphia Eagles could not 
havecanred more consternation 
on Sunday if they had forgotten 
foe Abuno, stomped on a new 
stetson and. asserted that J. R. 

Ewing rode side-saddle. By beat- 
ing foeDallas Cowboys 23-21 on 
the penultimate weekend of the 
regular season, foe Eagles made 
pwfahi of their hosts* elimina- 
tion from contention for a play- 
off position in the National 
Football League. Matt Cav- 
il presence «tw»g h threw two touchdown 
. . passes for foe Eagles, inrinriing 
Since AJCX the deciding boss three mmrtefi 
: everybody’s amf 57 seconds from time. 

•senal would The Cowboys, who wilted to 
sadly left foot their fourth successive defeat, 
and Frank wHI fall to record more wins than 
essive wing hisses for foe fir st Iiwin 21 
seasons, a period in which they 
A have played in five Super Bowls, 

id sportsman For the Cowboys thrived 
d at football, on an intricate defensive scheme 
l o ut sid e left ami a midtMhceted offense fhaf 
x. Malcolm verged on foe ingenious. Per- 
iling centre haps, as their sdf-congratnla- 
ho scored 42 taY monicker, ‘America's team', 
76 and 1978. to convey, foey really 

astle United wm 2j sap,UM ^: better 

prepared and maybe even 
>pen cheque than their bedazzled 

0 get Black- opponents. But foe evidence is 

hews. irrefutable that many of their 

1 of subtlety, key defenders — notably White 
He was once and Jones — are losing foe race 
e in a black with decrepitude: “a day late and 
Royal after % 4oUar short” does not distort 

■ W ^ ttodade dot the 
> were scarce Cowboys are downright bad; as 
lainignL foe inhabitants of foe Loot Star 
and Tom State would only pndgGngly 
b from 1919 admit ’America's team' have 

aslant man- become, quite simply, ^nst any 
)ne another oT team.' Presumably, some sew 
n came the borses win sadd,ed “P 

“SSrie Kosar passed for 246 
eimeckmEe yards, including one touchdown, 
linand Billy to lead the Browns past Cin- 
Bertie Mee rmM<i, enabling Cleveland to 
up double— retain their AFC Central dl- 
(71. virion tide. Gary Hogeboom, a 

y Neill, a fonner Dallas quarterback, 

[owe. Now P“»*®d for 318 
ihut touchdowns to lead Indianapolis 

doubte- to second successive vie- 
dub to a torv- By beating Rnff«K the 
Charlie CoL iay h*S fo£ 

1 form. Bob position in foe draft of college 
[rector after players. If they and Tampa Bay 
used to hear finish with (deutkal records, foe 
itnietitilfft Buccaneers wm get foe first 

h * re ^ 

louranam Warren Moon passed for 280 
yards and a touchdown as 
of Anml Houston knocked Minnesota 
1 Soar and ont of foe play-off race. 
eiAOi fZsZ RESULTS: Cleveland 34, Ctadmwfi 3; 
tl4.V3trom Giewi Buy 21, Tmua Bay 7; Houston 23. 
adage and Mmuete lO; Wfam pol i 24, Buffalo 


Gtants 27, SI Loids 7; PUMotaMa 23, 
Data 21: Son Ffondaeo d, New 
Engtand 24; Seattle 34, San Diogo 24. 

AMHOCAN CONFERENCE ' 

East er n ifcMon W L D FA 

ttNew York Jets ID 5 0 343 334 , 

New Eng Patriots’"- ^ -0-378 EB B 
Ttoml t'jlphrns 8 7 0 403 371 

Buffalo Bite 4 41 0 -280 332^- 

lixSanapoto Cote 2 13 0 1B9 378' 

Control dhtokin W L D FA 


RUGBY UNION; SELECTORS REORGANIZE PACK IN SEARCH FOR GREATER POSSESSION 


Dooley out as North make 
changes to winning side 


It lakes a considerable 
amount of courage to change a 
winning side but the men of the 
North are nothing if not prag- 
matists- Therefore, the side that 
will play London at the Wasps 
ground on Saturday to try and 
clinch the Thom -EMI di- 
visional championship shows 
five changes (one positional) 
from the team that beat the 
Midlands at Gosforth last 
Saturday. 

The concern of the Northern 
selectors at the lack of worth- 


By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

tide It was the back 'row which earnest hope that all members of 
•e a probably gave the North the that august body will reconsider 
the most heart-sea r chi n g. The un- the matter in the light of their 


lucky man is Simon Tipping 
(Sale) who goes because of the 
demand for extra height at the 
back of the tineout. Paul Simp- 
son (Bath) moves from No. 8 to 
blind-side flanker which leaves 
room for the first divisional 
appearance of Andrew 
Mriarlane (Fyide). 

The divisional games this 
month have placed a severe 
strain on the playing resources 


while possession won in their - of the leading dubs, iMny of 
two divisional games* is obvious whom "have merit table, fixtures 


frequently-expressed desire to 
achieve credibility for the John 
Smith's merit table 
competition.” 

It is a fair point though Bath 
would doubtless counter by 
saying that last year they abided 
by the decision and, in aD 
probability, lost their chance of 
winning the table by fielding 
what amounted to second teams 
against Harlequins and Scottish. 


in that four of the changes are ui 


the pack and only dnJ? derived rag agreement oy me senior 
from injury: Jim SyddaJJ, foe d ubs themselves not to de-mem 
Waterloo lock, has recovered- games, several have done so 
from the strained hamstring over the last fortnight whichhas 
which prevented him playing at drawn a tart comment from 
Gosforth and reclaims his place London Scottish - themselves 
from Nigel Wilkinson, his club affected by foe denraads of tire 
colleague? Anglo-Scots m the Scottish dis- 

However, Wade Dooley, the tricl competition. 

Fylde lock, has been dropped The organizers of the John 
and David Cusani (Orrell) will Smith’s m«it tabks agreed to a 
partner Syddall in the second 
row. DoofoTuffered » Kverc 


ol the leading auos, imny or n^y ^ve also offered a 
whom have merit table, fixtures variety of alternative dates for 
to play. Despite an overwhelm- • ^ de _ me ri te d match to be 


row. Dooley suffered a severe witn ^cotusn on 

knee ligament injury playing for (which was drawn) and Warns 

the BnUsh Lions in Cardiff in game with Scottish last Saturday 

April .md h» ootyetredijeov- <?£|Ch L*« 


ered foe form which earned him 
to 10 England caps in foe space 
of 14 months. 

Cusani is another to have 
suffered disruption to his play* 
ing career through serious knee 


Gloucester’s game wifo Leices- 
ter on December 6 was also de- 
mented (at Leicester’s request). 

“Although not prepared to 
support foe proposal not to de- 
meritize last season and again 


EfuSTAto Touring^ South this year.” John Lawrence, foe matches 

X&th&gtodT E 19M.l.e 

spent much of the followir^g, 18. '”*£**$ 


played, none of which has 
proved acceptable. 

Bath play Harlequins in a 
merit table A game next Sat- 
urday and it is a reasonable 
assumption, now that the dam 
gates have burst, that that game 
too will be dc-merited. 

The point is that while clubs 
wish to retain their traditional 
powers of fixture-making yet, at 
the same time, delve further into 
the realms of sponsorship and 
competition, such anomalies 
will continue to occur whatever 
the democratic decisions ar- 
rived at and the expressed 
wishes of foe senior dubs’ 
committee that clashes with 
divisional games should be 
avoided and de-merited 
matches -should be re-arranged. 


Langford, his club captain, also 
returns to the North after recov- 
ering -from a hamstring injury 
and replaces Graham Jenion 
(Sale) in foe side. 

Schools results 


Babtake 3, Bishop Vossy's 0: Bancroft's Barbarians have paid 

V, Cooper's Z7; ChwhjwtJfl. og * 1 Bc ^ r«cester the compliment of 

33* - magnificat tack 
division for the 

fcDMon hs 0, mas encounter aiWelford Road 

S Snl December 27 (Dvnd Hands 

' writes). Four;Welto.« hneup 
Hairoun 24, TtfftvO: Hwdon o. with an Irishman _ and two 

Upp« 38: wppwrovna QB 18. ftwgOc -rhmefl and if their forwards 

*a«,„ STra « wyo.gg'KL- a, Nenh 

K3on Smytf 1 sianri-off halt wbo i» ^ 

a snrSed’-.b ^wSS 

•si Marfino 22. OyprO: Panrth li™ A- ment, is pan™ Outside 
Ptoektaton (TOM Boys 1& Quasi partner, RoDWt Jonra. wu 
^SeSfeamet ft pSxv 14: oa^. Gj, Jcan-Bapbstc Lafond and 
wStSSdaft Harrosate 3: Ouwn Mary*; fw. Charvet, the exatmg 
Wataal 10. Newcasteiintleriime & join forces with 

ivda 24. Bfimbridn Ot St Attans 10. French pai*- J A i«gn Fv- 


table clubs, “London Scotish ° 

stand by foe overwhelming 

majority decision^., a decision SwSSS 

taken democratically by the fonsffi. (Hoadngioy). a 

English senior dubs. It is our UnfarianafFywaL 

Barbarians 9 fine blend 

The Barbarians have paid Neath full back, makes up the 
Leicester the compliment of back division, 
selecting a magnificent back Michael Gibson has been 
division for Aw selected B t No. 8 but his ability 

mas encounter at WeliaroKoaa ^ p^y mus t be in doubt because 
on December 27 (David Hands 0 f the band iqjury he sustained 



Masters will begin 
without British 


By Chris Thau 

An international dub com- lop dubs or local selection from 
petition, foe first serious at- each of E n gla n d, Wales, Ireland 
tempt to launch a rugby and Sco t la n d.” 
equivalent of foe highly success- The idea was wefl received by 

fill European dub champion- press, public and sponsors, 
ship in football, kicks off in both Matra Espace, in particular, and 
Briye and Toulouse in France Fabr6' made some tentative 
today. contacts in Britain and Ireland. 

Teams from New. Zealand He mentioned Bath, Hawick, 


(Fonsomby), Australia (West of Cardiff and Munster. 

Brisbane). Argentina (Banco “Initially all of them had 


NacionX Italy (Aquila), Ruma- 
nia (Fanil Constanta) and Fqi 
(Barbarians) will take on the top 
two French sides, Toulouse and 
Agen, in the week-long event, 
appropriately baptized The 
Masters’. 

The -project is the brainchild 
of the probably most successful 
and forward-looking dub presi- 
dent in French rugby, Jean 
Fabrc. a mathematics professor 


expressed their interest. Then 
we had no more feedback for 
quite a while. I understand that 
while the Welsh and the Irish 
unions received the project with 
some sympathy the English and 
the Scots were lukewarm, to say 
the least. They did not say no, 
nor did they ray yes. It dragged 
on and on until we had to take a 
derision.” 

When FabnS and his team of 


New Eng Partner- TO- -S' U’-OTB- 
ItamlDokfaB 8 7 0 403 
Buffalo Bite 4 J1 0 -280 

mdanapoSo Cota 2 13 0 109 
Control iSvtaton W L □ F 
tCtemtand Browns 11 4 0 344 293 
Ontinnatl Bengal* 9 6 0 3S7 373 
Pittsburgh Stt eta ro 6 8 0 288 312 
Houston OSers 4 It 0 258 322 
Wmtnm cMoton W L D F 
tDemer Broncos 11 4 0 362 
Kansas City Owls S 6 0 334 
Seauto Saahawks 9 6 0 325 
LARaMen 8 7 0 299 

San Diego Chargers .4 11 0 318 : 

NATIONAL CONFERENCE . 
Eastern dhtaton W L D F 

tNawYoifi Giants 13 2.0 316! 

ftWasftington R 11 4 0 347 ! 

Data Cowboys 7 8 0 338: 

PhiacMphia agin 5 9 1 242! 

St Louis Cardin&lB 3 It 1 197! 

. Cental dMeion W L □ F 
IChicagoBsars 12 2 0 312 1 
Hrmosota ViUngs 8 7 0 3BS : 
Detroit Lbno 5 9 0 258 ! 

Green Bay Packers 4 11 0 230 i 
Tampa Bay Bin's 2 13 0 222 < 
Western dMsioii W L D F 
tttA Rams 10 5 0 295 i 
TTSan Fran 49ere 9 5 1 360 J 
Now Orirana Saints 7 8 0 271 : 
Atlanta FaKone 6 8 1 260 5 
• Does not include In! night's gaa 
Detroit vCMcaga 


10 5 0 295 
9 5 1 360 


at the Toulouse School of experts saw that there was very 


Agriculture and president of the 
local dub. 

Surprisingly, no dub from 
either Britain or Ireland is 
involved. And yet, according to 
Fabre, the present tournament 


little “will to do something" in 
the British Isles, they went back 
to the drawing board and de- 
cided to change the format 
The fact that Matra Espace 
had agreed to underwrite foe 


was initially devised as a sort of whole operation to the tune of 
a challenge competition be- over £Vi million has strength- ; 
tween the top English, Welsh, coed their position. Instead of : 
Scottish and Irish dubs on the four French and four Home 






tween the top hngush, welsh, 

Scottish and uish clubs on foe 
one hand and the best of the Unions, dubs they decided to 
Fhroch on the other. keep hi only two French sides 

“The Masters has reaOy fol- and invite foe other six from 
lowed in the footsteps of a overseas. They approached foe 
domestic competition organized unions in New Zealand, Austra- 
by Toulouse Rugby Chib for foe lia, Argentina, Fiji. Italy and 
past 15 years. It involved the top Rumania, and the response was 
eight French clubs but, after overwhelming, 
such a long time, it lost some of “You have to realize that we 
its interest," Fabrfc said. are strongly supported by the 

“Matra Espace have stepped French Federation. The Masters 
in and together we devised a tournament is designed to help 
new plan which would involve the game develop and resist the 
the four semi-finalists of the challenge of other sports in 
French championship and foe France. Other sports like basket- 
■ -m ball, football, volleyball and 

n J A handball use aggressive market- 

U. Jl v w l l j l.vr ing techniques and we have to 

, fight them off 

/sn-nf Aifl - “Our only commodity is the 

Will/ lillli best and most spectacular game 

there is, rugby. And that’s the | 
purpose of this tournament. 
Despite rugby’s relative success 
ould take over the captaincy, j? Fr ‘ mce ’ ™ 

in he broke a bone in his hand is phiyed is 

i Saturday and will be absent *gi*Hy shnnkmfr Wfe’ve fatten 
bile it mends; he is also keen to - f ° reed 10 change tire format of 
lahiich himself in the Ireland the competition but I still hope 
Je, after playing in the 604) 10 * iave 5011511 repre- 
feat of Romania in Novem- ^nted at a latersiage. 

r, and may not always be * .«*, and I 

■ailable him^lf tew devised it with the Home 

Unions in mind, so ft would 
make no sense without them. I 
“It's not been the best of didn't take their absence as a 
asons for ns and in that rejection but rather as a tem- 
tuation you need a stable porary reluctance. I hope that 
isition for foe captaincy,” the success of this edition win 
Donnell said. “I have asked convince the four Home Unions 
r the players to deride on a to join in.” 
rraanent appointment and I Die tournament kicks off 
tagine the decision will have with the preliminary rounds 
en made by January for the today and tomorrow, 
n of foe season. "The Irish preliminary round-. Constanta 
ve another merit table match 
is weekend, when they play v 

tndon Welsh at S anbury. fltta, Agen (Franco } 1 * Fffl-Bartartan#. 


Northampton mi Saturday. He 
has broken a bone and wifl 
certainly miss Saturday's Irish 
Dial at Laosdowne Road. 

Hum MacNeflL the London 
Irish rail buck, withdrew from 
that «amc dub game because of 
a strained hamstring but hopes 
to take his pfcffie in the triaL 

BARBARIANS (v Leicester, December 




Bangor chase 
seventh cup 
final triumph 

By George Ace 
Bangor, who meet Ballymena 
fa foughTs Bass Boston Cup 
final, hare c on tes te d the last 
Stage on nine occasions and hare 
wen die trophy she times. That 
the competition, now hi its 
thirteenth year, is held nder 
Bangor's own lights, arguably 
tips the scales in their favour. 

Nevertheless, it Is a splendid 
record and, home or away, 
Bangor have proved themselves 
one of the top force Irish dobs. 

Ballymena, the current sec- 
tion me pacemakers ami reign- 
ing league champions, will he 
playing is their first floodKt 


London Irish ready to 
elect new captain 


By David Hands 


aSU^iWSaiJS S5 S KSn‘M»“d 1 eSnEy- gSEd tiSSK? tataSJ T KS m k»gne dh^mpw wflO* 
fegb Effow uncapped player m R gbj^m their first floodlit 

fftaeSrS'ft.St ^'sl2. op thesidc. on ] y new Maxwell, the Bangor 

ftfp w Ifcj fa a side y Which attain, misses the action as 

la 8 ^ Barbarian fa a sw amt tnetend). n does Ballymena's Ulster scram 

includes no^Srori half, RablSdy. 

7Tj3m ^mtST uCS last round staged on the ^gsSitaBtti*iciv®a@#»(Lfltxton broken finger and Brady a 

asf-sss's’sarrs & SMI!rr 

Gaorge"* Harare. 


London Irish, whose standing 
in the John Smith’s merit table 
B was not improved by their 
fifth defeat in five table games at 
the weekend, will. elect a new 
captain during the next month. 

The second event, ft should be 
stressedUs not a consequence of 
the first. Paul O'Donnell, who 
was in his second season as club 
ca p tain , has had to resign be- 
cause pressure of business- he 
is a stockbroker - means he is 
unable to attend training regu- 
larly which, places him in a 
somewhat invidious position 
relative to the other members of 
the first-team squad. 

O’Donnell, aged 29, remains 
available for selection am! in the 
normal course of events Mi- 
chael Gibson, the vice-captain. 


t Haw am mbkn ctanoiamlite- 
tt Hava woo postal in pfay-ofh. 

VOLLEYBALL ~ 

A timely 
lesson 
for Polonia 

By a Special Correspondent 

Polonia. the English men's 
champions, added to their Euro- 
pean education when they were 
beaten by Italian champions 
Panini Modena 15-4, 15-S, 15- 
13 in the European Cup first 
round, second leg in London on 
Saturday!! -- ?r; 

Although the- Usfians 
comfortably took up foe second 
round place with a 64) winning 
aggregate. Polonia emerged with 
much credit and came within 
three points of snatching a set 
from the Italian giants. Trailing 
8-14 in foe final set, they fought 
back to 13-14 before eventually 
raving way. Panini were without 
their top player Franco Berio Ui. 

Speedwell continued their 
push for the League title by 
beating Stark 3-1 on Sunday. At 
the top of the women’s First 
Division of the Royal Rank 
English League, unbeaten 
Asbcombe defeated Arsenal 3-0 


would take over the captaincy. 
But he broke a bone in his hand 
on Saturday and will be absent 
while it mends; he is also keen to 
establish himself in the Ireland 
side, after playing in the 604) 
defeat of Romania in Novem- 
ber, and may not always be 
available bimselt 


Royal Brak Engtah Laagoo: 
Unfa DMNm On* 


Redwood 

Pofcna 


Bath 

Newcasda 

Poole 


-seasons for us and in that 
situation yon need a stable 
position for foe captaincy,” 
O’Donnell said. “I have asked 
for the players id decide on a 
permanent appointment and I 
imagine foe decision will have 
been made by January for foe 
rest of foe season. "The Irish 
have another merit table match 
tins weekend, when they play 
London Welsh at S anbury. 


Portsmouth 


Astaomha 

Site 

Arsenal 

Spa* _ 


Portsmouth 

Bhmingtwn 

Southgate 

Southsea 


P W L 

• F 

A Pts 


10 9 1 

28 

& 

18 


11 B 3 

27 

17 

16 


11 7 4 

25 

19 

14 


7 8 1 

20 

8 

12 


8 6 2 

20 

13 

12 


9 6 3 

21 

17 

12 


10 5 5 

17 

20 

10 

■ 

9 4 5 

17 

17 

8 


9 3 6 

16 

19 

6 


12 2 10 

17 

31 

12 


10 1 9 

10 

29 

2 


10 1 9 
Ht-Otyo: 

9 

28 

2 


P W L 

F 

A Pts 

t 

8 8 0 

24 

2 

18 

8 8 0 

24 

4 

16 

V 

9 8 3 

20 

13 

12 


8 5 3 

18 

12 

10 


9 5 4 

19 

16 

10 


9 4 5 

16 

17 

8 

■ f 

B 4 5 

15 

17 

8 


8 2 6 

B 

18 

4 


9 1 8 

3 

25 

2 


9 0 9 

4 

27 

0 








SPORT 


THE TTMES TtTKSDAY DECEMBER 16 1986_ 


RACING: BUNDLE BOY CAN LAND SECOND LUDLOW VICTORY 


Balding to maintain fi n e strike 
rate with long-range double 






Toby Balding, riding on the 
crest of a wave with 26 
winners so fer this season, ran 
maintain the momentum with 
a long-range novice double 
through Forcello (130) at 
Ludlow and Saint Acton 
(IZ45) at Folkestone. 

Forcello, who contests the 
Marisca! Novices’ Hurdle, 
was a warm order when 
making his debut at Newbury 
last month but finished a well- 
beaten filth behind Ricmar. 

However, the three-year- 
old, who showed useful form 
on the Flat when trained by 
Steve Norton, obviously had 
learnt a good deal from his 
Newbury experience for next 
time out at Worcester be beat 
a big field of juvenile hurdlers 
in good style. 

The Peter Walwyn trained 


By Mandarin 

Framlington Court, beaten six By wt 
lengths by my selection that catch 
day, reopposes on 61b better Towa 
terms, so on form there should 
not be much between them 
today. However, Forcello may * 
have more scope and a greater 
threat could be Martin Pipe’s 
Longghurst who stayed on fo 
strongly to beat Precious link 
at Plumpton last month. Novio 

Balding’s other hope. Saint pense 
Acton, beads for the No Silver who 
Novices’ Hurdle at the Kent promii 
course with a promising Train : 
Worcester performance under Rev 
his belt former 

The five-year-old was just 
caught by Sandyla in a 
novices' hswdicap hurdle and vportc 
looks to have an easier task The 
today despite the presence of eight-y 
David Nicholson's Let Him Gowra 


By who failed by a head to 
catch Brown Windsor at 
Towcesier. 

Josh Gifford’s Musical 
Mystery showed the utmost 
gameness in holding Fourth 
Tudor at Fontwell Park re- 
cently and I expect the Ftndcm 
four-year-old to follow up 
successfully in the Stanford 
Novices' Hurdle at the ex- 
pense of Di Haute's Ickworth, 
who showed considerable 
promise behind Midnight 
Train at Lingfield Park. 

Reverting to Ludlow, the 
former Irish chaser Bundle 
Boy appeals as the best bet of 
the day to land the three miles 
Oporto Handicap Chase. 

The Tim Forster-trained 
eight-year-old, who won at 
Gowran Park last season when 


trained by Edward O’Grady, 
has wasted little time in 
acclimatizing to raring in this 
country, winning an amateur 
riders’ handicap over today’s 
course and distance last 
month. 

That was Bundle Boy’s only 
second effort in England and 
further improvement can be 
expected from this smart stay- 
ing recruit who carries the 
famous Arkle colours of Anne, 
Duchess of Westminster. 

Jenny Pitman's Storm 
House made good headway on 
his seasonal reappearance to 
finish fifth behind Prince 
Ramboro in a two-mile handi- 
cap hurdle at Worcester. This 
useful four-year-old should 
step up now to claim die 
Caret Handicap Hurdle. 













miGBY LEAGUE 

Bolton may 
host 

the Trophy 
final 


By Keith Mackfin 


If the holders Wigan wm their 
John Player Special Trophy 
semi-final round match against 
Hull ai Headingtey op Saturday, 
the final wifi bring into action 
yet another football stadium. 
Bum den Park, Bolton, is the 
Ukelv venue for a match 
between Wigan and the winners 
of the other semi-nnal, a local 
derby between Warrington and 
Widnes. . . . . 


The Rugby League has had ins 
best crowds for majorcvcoBji 


best crowds for major events at 
football grounds like CW 
Trafford. Bland Road and some 


Martin 


FOLKESTONE 


Guide to our in-line racecard 


103 02) 0-0432 TTMESFORM (COJBF) (Mra D Hobtnaon) B Hafl 9-1041 . 


BWMn 


Selections 

Qy Mandarin 

12.45 Saint Aclon. 2.15 Golden MinstreL 

1 . 1 5 Rambling Wild. 2.45 Mansion Marauder. 

1.45 Marine. 3.15 Musical Mystery. 

By Michael Seely 

12.45 Lei Him By. 3.15 Toms Treasure. 

The Times Private Handi capper's top rating: 1.15 DALBURY 


Racecard number. Draw In brackets. Ste-figure Bid distance winner. BF-bea»n favourite in test 
(arm (F-W. P-piAed up. U-urweeted rider. B- race). Owner in brackets. Tfeiner. Age aid 
brought down. Swapped up. R-rsStesed)- Horse's weight. Rider pfero any afcwance. The Tunes 
rameCB-UMara. V-wnor. tfhood. E-EywsfifeW. C- Private Hnaftapper's ntfng. Appmfaro te starting 
course winner. D-dtotenca wnsn. CD-couraa price. 


2.15 HEATHHELD HANDICAP CHASE (£1,496: 3m 2f) (12 runners) 


Smith’s Man eyes 
National after 
triumphant return 


Trafford. Bland Koaa ana some 
veare ago at Boothfcrry Park, . 

and if Wigan were to reach the 
final again their own Central 
Park ground would be automati- 
cally ruled out. It be 

pointless taking a Lancashire 
final over the Pen nines to Leeds, 
and with Manchester United's 
FA Cup tie with Manchester 


Ciry preventing the use of Old 
Traflmd, Burnden Park looks to 
be the likeliest site. 

All this, however, is meaning- 
less conjecture if HuD surprise 
the holders in Saturday's first 
semi-final. Although Half spoor 
form this season makes them 
the underdogs, they have shown 
a revival of late under the 
leadership of Lee Crooks, and 
will be much better opposition 
for Wigan than in the league 
game at Central Park when they 
were thrashed. 

The othersemi-final resulting . 
firm yesterday’s draw brrnfef- 
togetber two fierce rivals. There 
will be absolutely nothing in it 
between the p remie rship hold- 
ers, Warrington, and the prolific 
John Player finalists, Widces. 
This second semi-final win he 
played on December 27 at 
Central Park, and as a result the 
championship game between 
Warrington and Widnes sched- 
uled for Boxing Day is 
postponed. 

The adva Widnes. This sec- 
ond semi-final will be played on 
December 27 at Central Park, 
and as a result the champion- 
ship game between Warrington 
and Widnes scheduled for Box- 
ing Day is postponed 


Going: soft 

12X5 710 SILVER’ NOVICE HURDLE (£720: 2m 6f) (17 runnens} 

2 02134 LIGHT THE LOT (Q Hackett) J Jenkins 5-11-10- 

3 0MM01 MORE ONE WAY (0 Heath) RParkor 5-1M0 ’ 

7 AYRES ROCK (D Myere) M Haynes 611-4 

11 462P DAWS WEIR (Mrs R Lacy) J Grffcxri 6-11-4 

12 0092 ITALIAN SUNRISE (B) (P Woodwand) D Oughlon 6-11-4 

13 32 LET MM BY (BF) fT Painting} D Mchotson 611-4 

14 00/04 MAJESTIC BRANDY fC N83UJ C Natfl 6-11-4 

15 P MUKHWJ (Mas E Srayd) Mte3 E Sneyd 6-11-4 

17 22233-2 SAINT ACTON (E Weinstein) G Baking 5-11-4—. 

19 04- SUGARV1LLE LEE (S Fowl) P Haynes 5-11-4 — 

20 THE MGELSTAN (Human Services LM) P Haynes 5-1 1-4 

21 FARAPOUR (P Hayward] P Mtfchofl 4-11-0 

22 OF ISLAND EMLEfD Humphreys) A Moore 4-11 -fl 

23 p SEAL COUHT (Mre M Giles) JScaSan 4-11-0 

25 OO-PO MLLY-DOWN LASS (P Hamen) Mbs E Sneyd 5-10-13 

26 00300-3 CBJUR (Mss L Kent! R Hoad 4-1 041 

28 33 TREBLE CHANCE (MB^oiQS Woodman 4-icra. 


S Sherwood 84 10-1 

.. W Humphries (7) 70 20-1 

A Wright 

R How* 54 6-1 

... p Double K 5-1 

R Dumvoody 91 re-1 

M Bosley (4) 66 20-1 

BPowai 

GBradby *99 5-1 

AMadgwfck 8212-1 

AWsMi — 

ZTnSwiunnbr 

GMooro 

M Furlong 

BPowef — 16-1 


1 2-212123 GOLDEN MINSTREL (CJ1) (W Gals) J Gttford 7-11-10 RRnes 

3 F/30PO-4 ROCK 8AKT (C) (Q Gregsoo) G Gragson 9-11-5 MrTGtstffaxn (4) 

4 B30P4O- SAUNDERS (MraL Clay) MraL Clay 12-11-4 — 

6 1332-34 HR CANDY (A Moon) A Moore 7-11-1 OMoom 

7 10RMP FAR CmD(MraSWMts) Mss ESmyri 6-11-0 BPDWtl 

9 34PPP-2 LBMEY DUAL (DPttcftaODPftCtter 11-167 Mr D Pitcher 

10 tTO4-PF BROWNS STAR (RTortdn) □ Oughwn 6-1 M PDouMe 

11 30-0302 DOUBLEUAiGAM (BF) (B Clark) C Holmes 12-1 0-4 — COax(4) 

12 42-F030 SOUTHDOWN SPIRIT (R Dove) Mbs L Bower 10-10-4 RRowta 

13 0P1F-P0 MOUNT FEDDANE (B) (G Beer) P Jones 10-10-0 CMam 

14 3PUPP-0 PLAYFIELDS (Amkw Bairds Tends Courts L&9 P Burgoyne 12-10-0— A Canal 

15 UPP/PF3 VALMA1 (H Ledger) R Ledger 7-10-0 MnN Ledger 

1S8& DARGAI6T1-8 A Webber {Ewns fav) RAnnytege Bran 


Smith's Man, r et urnin g to the 
fray after an absence of 12 
months, started on Ute Grand 


Trophy - in the 1984-85 season. 

High Plains, who scored twioe 
on the Flat over two miles in 


N^S^aifby winning the 
Hollv Handicap Chase at and opened 


Holly Handicap Chase at 
Leicester yesterday. 

Arthur Smith was keen to rim 


second tune of asking over 
timber when Richard 
Dun woody partnered Eum to a 


*z St B S^ tb bS 8 ^^^± theMistte “ 


^nrST^an"off-fore' joint M ^ « 

competing in the Welsh Na- Donwoody, 
tionaJani his trainer, Jenny winners this season, *d not 

got the tetter of 


FORM 


atTownster(3m 
It. 


D-3 CBJUR (MSss L Hunt) R Hoad 4-1M M Hood (7) 13 IB-1 

33 TREBLE CHANCE (M Btywfl) S Woodman 4-ioa. C Brown 90 8-1 

1985: SINGLECOTE 5*11-4 M Bastard (3-1) Mrs P Sly 18 ran 

1 14Q at Sttxfown (2m 5f 
behind in 9th and a 





below par DA 

2nd toiYoy Fair (11-0) at _ 
out wtien a 2nd to Lockner Lad (i 



so Buikmrm Bml fl 

128.11 ran) with ISLAND EXILE (11-0) 

■ being prtmmantoariy. Previously DAVY^WfciH(ii-u) a lengm | 
■4f.ei034.s5L Nov 19. 19 W ITALIAN SUNRISE (10-5) was ridden 
[here at Folautone ton ttns (2m 8f. £685. soil Nov 24. 1 4 ran). LET KM 


B) at Worcester on seasonal debut pm «, BB4. gooa to soil tree a, m ranj ana runs on ■ ienem rrant riere. 
CELA«pi-7J was ctoner ridden whan 12»l3rdlo Jaa‘sGtt(1DtfMRjB(estnto(2m8l.£8a5,sofL Nov24 . 12 

fttodtu: SAINT ACTON 


1.15 ALDINGTON NOVICE CHASE (£1,272 2m) (16 runners) 

2 23-B31F RAMBLING WILD (PDeNJPW Harris 5-1 1-8 R Strong* 

3 1/44-203 BUIEOOU Stringer) DGris&el 5-1 1-0 RGoMaMn 

4 4443/00- BOARDMANS STYLE (0 Pitcher) D Pitcher 8-11-0. — 

5 003-FF0 BOYNE SALMON (T Duka) Miss L Bower 8-11-0 R Rowan 

7 000-000 BYROC BOY (H Matthews) R Curts 9-11-0 M Hoad (7) 

8 000-23 CMNTORIAL (Sr John Thomson) R Armyoge 5-1 1-0— — — Mr M Aimytao* (7) 


2.45 SHADDOXHURST CONDITIONAL JOCKEYS HANDICAP CHASE (£948: 2m 41) (8 
runners) 

4 31PP0-3 GftAKHJeNAMANAOH (D)(J Hughes) Mbs L Buwar li-n-7 — CWfem 03 3-1 

5 202141 MANSTON Marauder (D) (M S mttti) P Hedger 10-11-6 (Bead CUanaQpa 95F9-4 

7 F02140 ANSWER TO PRAYER (J F-Heyee) J F l tt ChhHeyta 7-10-12— Peony FPtofc Me ge e 90 8-1 

9 2024-40 ARCHERS PRINCE (R Shaw) C Jamas 8-10-6 WKnphriM *9810-1 

11 3443-OP HIGH RBXX (B) (E Lodge) J Rtrratt 7-10e JHmt 98 — 

12 44U33F PMNCE MOON (Duke of AthoQG Batting 6-104 A Chariton 97 5-1 

13 0004-OF AREN’T WE ALL (T Thom) J BridQer 7-1 0-3 — SS 12-1 

14 P43P1/P LAWRBMCE-LS (CO) (Mss Z Davtson) G Gracay 9-10-1 P ttac uy — 25-1 

198S: FtAMTEX LAD S-loe M Hoad (SD-1) R Hoad 6 ran 


a dnrf with Tracy’s Special by 
t hieequa rtere of a length as the 
pair drew away from 
Mavanncor over the last two 
fences- 

The fa v o nri te Indamdody 
gave Steve Smith Ecdes a nasty 
fen when he came to grief four 
fences from home; having just 
relinquished the lead to 
Mayanncor. 

Smhh Ecdes was kicked in 

the cmmnrfi smA larw ralten tO 
Leice st er Royal Infirmar y for X- 

iays. He mssed a winning ride 


“ j on Mandavi in the Ivy Handi- centre. 


run-in High Plains drew five 
lengths dear of Broadleaf and 
the fevourite. Federal Trooper. 

**I hope I can find two or three 
small races for him before going 
to Cheltenham for the two and a 
half miles Sun Alliance Novices' 
Hurdle." his Slow-on-lhe-WoId 
trainer David Nicholson sakl. 

There were plenty of casual- 
ties in both divisions of the 
Christmas Tree Novices’ Chase 
and one of the fellers in the first 
division, CameDa's Choice, had 
to be chased down the A6 before 
he was caught entering the city 


SBmfMLXmMh HiM vWtecU&dnas 
« Wa rrington. 


RUGBY UNION 


cap Hurdle. Nkk Henderson's 

conditional jockey, Michael 

Bowiby. deputised and brought 
Mandavi home dear ofPrefelas 
and Shipwright to gain his 


80 10-1 PODM GRAlGUENAMANAfiH 00-12) 2DVI 3rd to Downoaymant (10-12) 

rum VI £884. good to soft DKZ 14 rml MANSTON MARAUDER n 1-1) rc 

70 — beat Smang Cgvaw(1Dtn w at HuntingilDn (2m Opp Cb. £1648. good to soft. E 


.. at FontwaB pm 2f Se> Cb. 
-1 ) ran on vnl under presaura to 


ID 00)03041 DALBURY (R Smals) A Moors 8-11-0 

12 00/PO-2B FLEDGE (R Ledger) R Ledger 9-11-0 

14 «OQ)04 IDLE MATINEE (I Page) Mrs N Smtttl 5-11-0 

15 003-120 JACUZZI (N Leggett) P Haynes 8-1 1-0 

1G P30P/PP PRINCE FEUX (Mis LBrom*ig)0 Browning 6-11-0 

17 0-0 ROCABAY BLUE (D Giayzer) R CbampkHi 5-11-0 

18 022/040 SCALETHE HEIGHTS (P Buckley) PDuggsia 7-11-0 

19 01110-0 STOTTS BROTHER (Mrs A AKmmranq Mss E Sneyd 8-11-0 

21 0000/PP UNCLE DAI (ETVeecy)J Bridget 7-1 1-0 

B* 1=40-208 VENETIAN PRINCESS (MIS J Poet) A Moora 5-108 - 

1985c YACAHE 6-11-0 Mr G Sloan (7-2) J Giflord 16 ran 


! GMooro 

_ Mro N Ledger 


70 — 
• 99 6-1 
7212-1 


beat SmHngCavaler (108) *1 at HunUngdon (2m Opp Cb. £1646. good to writ Dee 12. 5 rari). ANSWER TO 
PRAYEHJ11-5) best judged on a length beating ot St Coins (ll-iajm Hexham (2m. £881. goodtofiiTR. Scot 8, 
5 ran). ARCHERS PTO& (1 08) newr with a chance when 2060* to Atoamn 1 -^) at WincartDr pm, £1960. 


eighth winner this season. 

It was a good performance by 
Smith's Man after his king lay- 
off zhe eight-year-old giving 
Mark Penett his first winner 


_ M Richards 

_. RDunwoody 

B Powell 

K Broke 


5 ran). ARCHERS PRINtt (1 0-0) new tfi with a chance when 20 6tn to Atoamp 1-9) at VYirxaraDn pm, £1960, 
good to soft. Nov 27, 7 ran). WGH RIDGE (11-5) best eftart am lanora when 121 3rd to Doubten fl 1-3) at 
Mndsw (2m Nov H'c&pCfr. £1491. soft. -Ian 291 14 ran> PRINCE MOON(HW) not ifourace d on pauutttaaaa 
stmt when 7W 3rd to Aunwig (ttMDte Windsor (2m. £131 5, good to soft. No* 17. Brard.iWBTT WE ALL (11-1) 
best effort this season when 36KI Bih to Against The Grain (l1-<9 at Kempun (2m. 4t Now Ch. £2058. good to 
soft. Nov 2a 1 1 ran); best effort last season (1 1-3) whan 41 4ft to Mahradee (11-3) at Pkimpton (2m Mdo Ch. 
£2129, good to firm. May 2, 15 ran). 

SatecSoflcIBGH ROGE 


since he rerumed to the saddle 


Proud Pilgrim, the co mfo rt- 
Ale four-length winner of that 
division, was bred by Lady 
Blacker, who races the chestnut 
in partnership with Lady Dar- 
ling and the victory was a 
welcome change of fortune for 
his Banbury trainer John 
Webber, who has had an exas- 
perating season and only three 


S Africans 
ignore 
Welsh ban 


after injury. 

*T have entered Smith's Man 
for a lot of middle-of-the-road 


The other division went to 
The Harienderos, reappearing 
after a year’s absence, having 


Three mile chases, _ with the recovered from by sore shins. 


EADM RAWUNQ WILD (10-9) best ludgad on penultiiratB start wtwi beating CANTORIAL (108) an 
rurtm easy 29 at Soultiwen (2m. £934, neavy. Nov 24. 5 ran). BUTCHER (11-5) best effort aver hur- 


dtas this season when 41 2nd to Utda Stoop (11-2) at Stratford (2m, £1915. good Oct 18, 7 ran). BOYNE 
SALMON (10-11) disappointing this season but showed up wel on final outing test term when HIzndloAu- 
Iunr2i4u (11-6) new (2m, £1280. soft Apr 29, 7 ran). DALBURY (12-1) new showed behkxJ WUrthro Goes! 
Thou (10-10) m a Woccestar (2m. good to soft) hurdle on reappearance; best effort over lences last season 
when n 0-10) 231 3rd to The Catchpool (10-10) at Sandown ffim. 4(, £3298, soft, Jan 4. 10 ran). On penuUmate 
start rtEDGE (1(H)) 2/il bid to Mansion Marauder (11-0) at Plumpton {2m, £2040. soft. Nov 26. 7 ran). 
JACU 77I (11-2) never in vntti a chance after an 8th fence biunder when 41VU 6tti to Summons (11-2) at 
Wvxanton(2m,CT665jjood toseft Nov13, 12 ran). STOTTS BROTWBI (10-3) last s uccossful when beattnfl 
Reverend Bashars (9-7)2 at Laopardstown (2m fifH'capH, £1242. good. Mar 4. 10 ran). 

SdecOoa: DALBURY 


3.15 STANFORD NOVICE HURDLE (£893: 2m TlOyd) (17 runners) - 

2 42-01 MUSICAL MYSTERY (P Drowdon) J Grftord 4-11-6 . ■ ■■ H Bow 

3 IH1 BILLY’S BRBGE(PMatJg«i)JJ«*ins S-11-4 FUovy 

9 0 l&LO ROCKY (R Shaw) LESS E Sneyd 5-11-4 — — 

11 KING VtV(DMariay)DGrissefl S-11-4. RGohteto 

15 P-22PF TURCT BOY (S Crowe) A Ingham 5-11-4 Stow Knight 

17 1 TOMS TREASURE (Antty Rmpantos Uri) R Akehust 4-1 f-1_ tteMcfCetw (7) 

19 CHB(OV(S Tlndafl) S MoOor 4-H-o OCtroriosJocros 


Grand National as his ultimate 
objective,” said Jenny Pitman, 


Friendly Beet, who only 24 
hours earlier had a corn res 


A South African school team 
have defied a Welsh Rngby 
Union ban (WRUX and com- 
pleted a brief, secretive tour of 
Wales. 

A party from the Mzchad- 
hoose public school, from Natal, 
are reported Injure played three 


who has mw saddled The geld- moved fiora his foot, prodneed 
mg to wm three tunes over three a fine tmn of speed from the last 

Tniuff of I m p pcf ffr re* _ i . -_r. ^r..t ■_ Z 


remes against andier-19. teams In 
die past fortnight, and are set to 


— I miles at Leicester. 


70 — 
• 99 11-4 


1.45 SELUNDGE SELLING HANDICAP HURDLE (£715: 2m 110yd) (15 runners) 


1 DEM AND DOZE (Mm B Emery) H Ahahurst 7-12-7 D*to McfCoown (7) - 

4 022-213 RAMtNG PEARL (BF) (R Goodman) B Stevens 5-11-8 — Penny FRdt-HsyM (7) ! 

9 00ff-00 BRITISH CROWN (M Batton) S Woodman 10-11-7 RDunwoody ! 

6 OOOOOt MARINE (C Hcknes) C Holmes 8-11-2 (Bex) CCTO(4) •! 

7 P3O110 S7EAMY (BJ (Miss J Rood) D Ctogftterr 5-71-1 L JMdnefT) I 

8 O/PPFPO DRUMMOND STREET (FHB)A MOOTO 7-11-0 GMWM - 

ID 03045/0 TARLETON ELM (D Myers) M Haynes 5-10-12 A Wright - 

11 OCVWKO- VAGABOND VKnPfl(RHfl«)PAainghBrn 10-10-11 — I 

12 00-030 THAMES TRAOSt (H Booty) PHsynas 5-1 0-11 A WM* - 

13 30-4300 GOLDORATIQN (N Upson) P Upson 11-10-1 1 SSarthEcdM 9 

15 004/000 BAU-YSraiY HERO (J ForU] Mbs P O'Connor 8-10-6 E Waits - 

16 OQD3UO UBERTY WALK (V) (Mre B Sheridan) G Gracey 7-106 — 1 

17 000-00 MSS ME NOT (M Trusier) B Wise 4-10-3 RRowefl I 


20 062SMI CRIMSON BOLD (Mrs N Langmad) J Jenldns 4-11-0, ■ S S hrowood 

21 FARAPOUR (P Hayward) P Mitetwt 4-11-0 

23 2 idCWORTH (Urd Bristol) Mrs OHtene 4-114) SSroMiEccin 

28 RIDLEY BOY pWWsh) A TumeO 4-11-0 CMem 

29 34 ROAD TO KELLS (J Sounder*) C Bensssod 4-1 1-0 M Ha rrington 

0 SAFE CUSTODY (SoiOfieni Counties CM Eng CO Ltd) P Haynes 4-114) AWsMi 

F00-42 TRUE WBGHT (Mrs J Ccsidy) M Madgwlck 4-1H), ABtodgwidk 

0/0 G0L0B1 SffifflY (S BW) J Scatoi 7-10-18 MrTMw>»(7) 


miles at Leicester flight to catch Vulgaris nearing 

Smith's Man has moved he home and give Shaun Harris' his 
can jump rhe National fences, as first riding success in the Christ* 
be won the Whitbread Handi- mas Conditional Jockeys's Sell- 


cap Trophy - the old Topham 


35 P-PF0OP am> ASH (P Poston) P Poston WM. 


USMORE (A StniOwm) Mrs N Sfflilti 4-1IM. 


CWiinn(7> 
C Brarn 


Smart Alkepa 
aims for 
Sun Alliance 


ing Hurdle. 

Virus threat 
to racing in 
South Africa 


1985: TRAFFTTANZI 4-11-0 C Brawn (14-1) D Bsworth 19 ran 


20 aOfOFOO FAWNG DAWN (O Hantoy) P Butter 9-1M 


0 WDOLMANS (J Thomson) J ScaSan 7-10-0- 


R Qpldstoin 
_ M Ra lw 



1985: NOOKE BEAR 8-10-7 A Webber (9-1) D Griswrt 14 ran 


F L AM9IG PEARL, a cons i sten t sort, is already a sagna winner ttss season and tll-0) ran cradB- 
abiy tobe8XI3rd toNabeeftllO^atSotittiwea^, ffl14, soft. Nov 24. 12 ran). MAHWE{11-71 
vressm a Banaor sefing ruifle winner rocontty Irani Glen Mayo m-2) end remans in a good 

— ' ■— well this season. (10-9) beat Chesterfield (100) a neck 

i. THAMES TRAOei (10-12) 7th. BALLYWEEDY HBIO 


was a most bnprasam a Bangor sefing Iwfle win 
mark (2m. £720. soft. Dec 8. 13 ran). STEAMY, runn 
at Fontwel with KVDSH CROWN (1 1-8) 7141 away 


Course specialists 


(10-1Z) 7th. BALLY 


(10-13) and GOLDORATION (10-10). dteappotottog ai prasant. both unptocud (2m 2f . E874. good. Nov 4. 22 
ran). VAGABOM} VICTOR, has been a useful perfromertti that past and showed sta» of returning to (bat Torn 


when (11 -2) 101 3rd to SPARKLER SPIRTT (11-0) to a Fafcenham scOer (2m. eil38, good. May 26. 13 
LBSlTy WALK has not really run to best Ms season but pO-8) was not dtegracedivfMn20KI 3rd 
G I R L ( l^art Huraingekm (2m 100yds, £980. good, Oct 25. 11 rai). 


R Armytaga 
JGIttord 
PHsvnes 
J Jenldns 
B Wise 


TRAINERS 

Winner s Runners Iter cent 

ir tI S Sherwood 

ID 73 Z1J8 D Drua 

5 23 21.7 R RovroB 

12 72 16.7 n 

4 40 ,100 


JOCKEYS 

Winners Rides Percent 
6 21 28.6 

13 63 20-6 

5 55 9.1 

4 61 05 


CMy quefifieES 


Omyqueiflero 


Alkepa booked his place in 
Zhe Sun Alliance Chase at 
Cheltenham when damming 
Granville Park by a runaway 15 
lengths, in the Gattonside 
Novices* Chase at Kelso 
yesterday. 

His Middleham trainer 
George Moore sai± “Alkepa is a 
really nice horse and I expea 
him to scare another two or 
three wins before going to 

Cheltenham- ** 

Alnwick-based Mrs Joan 
Pringle, took out a permit three 
weeks ago after, her- husband 
Neil died and she had a marvel- 
lous start when her first ronner. 
Playing, a 16-1 chance, won the 
EBF Woodside Stud Novices' 
Hurdle from Pauper Moon. 


(Beater) - A my s te r y raw has 
infected racehorses in Seeth 
Africa, threatening to hrihg the 
sport to a baft for several weeks. 

Racing was suspended at most 
South African treks enr the 
weekend and it is now uncertain 
whether mrerihgs win go ahead 
over the Christmas holiday. 

The mndeutifred vfarns was 
first detected at a racecourse 
near Cape Towa aa Friday aad 
is tbeogbt to be a strain ot the 
equine flu vitas winch has i 
appeared in Britain and the i 
United States. 

It has already affected most 
stables fa Transvaal Pro v in ce 
and owners were ordered not to 
move horses bb an attempt to I 
check Us spread. - ! 


me past fortnight, and are set to 
co m pl ete their tour with another 
secret match today. 

' Although the Welsh Youth 
Bqby Utnao (WYSIJ) war in 
favour of welcoming the tonrists, 
the WRlTs general com m itiee 
decided, by an foverwheftning 
majenty 3 not to suKtkn tire virit 
at a aeethig on December 4, and 
it was tboteit that the matter 
would end there- . ■. 

By that time, the tmsr had? 
already opened with a game at 
Pontantoiais, hot the idoxtity of 
the opposition aod reuaes of the 
matches dice then have been 
kept secret. 

. Morris Davies, the WYRU 
secretary, said that if any dub 
side bad . played against 
M kharib ouse in defiance of the 
WRU ruling they would be in 
“hot water", but action cedd 
only be taken on receipt of a 
written cwnplaml. “We would 
have to have positive proof,” he 


TODAY’S FIXTURES 


«k* off 730 uriem stated 

FOOTBALL 


FteMit Rover Trophy 

Preliminary round 


LUDLOW 


Selections 

By Mandarin 


1230 High Reef. 

1.00 Golden Redeemer. 
1.30 Forcello. 


ZOO BUNDLE BOY (nap). 
2.30 Caniabile. 

3.00 Storm House. 


Michael Seely's selection: 2.00 BUNDLE BOY (nap). 


Going; good to soft 

12JS0 AMONTILLADO CONDITIONAL JOCKEYS SELLING HURDLE (£926: 
runners) 

a 003-040 BALTIC SE4(D)(COroy) DWMIe 5-11-7 PIMa (S) 

3 042440 CARSN (D,BF) (M Pipe) M F>*» 5-11-7 J Lower 


2m) (17 


P Meta (6) 

. — - ■- • v— - ■ J Lower 

6 334-034 HIGH REEF (BF) (J Ltax*) D Tucker 5-1 1-7 R Soroka (5) 

B PP/08PP RARAMOUN (M Lae) P Bowden 5-1 1-7 QMrogiftfS) 

10 008800 SAUNSON BOY (BJ)){r Htt»ck) J P Sn«h $-11-7 G Landau 

13 10040-0 TOO STYLE (B) (0 BanOsy) P Sevan 5-11-7 J Brotoa (5) 

14 04- TORS (A MftwanflM Lambert S-1 1-7 R Harley 

16 EHANNES BABY (B Bishop) K Bridgwratur 6-11-2 KRfroi 

17 200F24 HALLOWED (PPriteftani)PPrtJctwna 4-1 1-2 up—- 

20 MtoODO- OUBENSauRY UZ (A Spruce) R Jeffroy 5-1 1-2 - 

21 0I*-<BF WEDDING TALK (D) <M Fiy) O OTMi 5-1 1-2 POwaafc 

SO 0 JOUSTMQ BOY (SEhner)M Chapmen 3-10-7 SUkMI(l 

23 PPO K O ISLAND (8 Seymour) W G Turner 3-10-7 Tracy Tomer C 

24 0 MARSHAL BLAKE (M WMftiAgton) D BuctwH 3-1 0-7 S Data 

w FI TTRAMNtSE (D Baf) B McMahon 3-13-6 CNeaterc 

29 3 BOLD FETAL fM POnton} D BuFEfwl 3-10-2 Diai»Jema(3 

34 P WATBIDLATH (R FrosQ R Frost 3-10-2 CHoprooodp 

1985: OUR CMCKLETTE 38-8 C Prtnco (20-1) B Morgai 11 ran 

141 CHAMPAGNE NOVICE HANDICAP CHASE (E1.7S& 2m 4f) (16 runners) 


• 99 8-1 
97F3-1 


_ SMtdMI(S) 
Tracy Tumor (5) 

SDavtea 

— C Kaaiar(5) 
Dane J wwa(5> 
. CHoprooOd(5) 


1 111-304 PATRtCirs FAM (W Stater) R Peacock 10-11-10 — 

3 431434 wa WILLIAM (B Neks) JM Bradley 0-11-5 

7 OOOO-FO JUVB8LEPRMCE(Hfeig|gy &Caflow034)MOfverlM1-Q 

8 002-143 LWG (BF)(MraPW Hams) PW Hants 8-10-12 I 

10 042F-33 BOARDMANS VALUE (A Uwtei) C TrMflne 8-10-11 

12 341002 BEUJV6R PRINCE (Cadi A Co Ltd) JH Baker 6-10-9.. 

13 02/TO3-U SWIFT flETtWT (G Becde) T Ftwiar 6-10-7 — 

16 40000P BROCHE (T Blah) K Bfetwp 5-103 

17 1QP4J04 GCLDEN REDSMER (Mrs E Mtea) R FiWlCls 6-IG>3 - 

18 220-F32 GO ANNA GO (T Batoy)T BaBey 5-10-0 

19 F40033 HOPEFUL CtflMES (Mra J Duckett) R DicJdn 7-1 CM) 

20 PRW HASTY BOY (SBurflekgJD Roberts 6-104) 

21 U004FPP FnZGAYLE(RDenrts)K Bishop 6-104) 

23 OQP/P-PO MAJOR SYMPHONY (B WHs) J HoroybaU 8-104) 

26 0P0/PP-P IMPOUND (GOtoeeyJJHoneytefl 7-104) 

28 00M HUKTWtWTH(DWte)CPbpfwri6-1M„ 

1985: MGH RTOGE 6-10-4 R Strange 00-1) J Penutt 13 ran 


— K Ryan (7) 
G Denies 

— J Duggan 
. D Skyim* (7) 

J Suthron 

BWrigd 

H Dawes 

JFroa* 

_ SJOTta* 

P Werner 

„.„T- C Jonea 

- ccttay 

Prtcharta 


82 6-1 
• 85 6-1 

80 

89 6-1 
99 61 
6*12-1 

• 99161 

90 — 
9 7 62 
9SF7-2 
93 12-1 


1 JO MARISCAL NOVICE HURDLE (3-Y-a E853: 2m) (18 runners) 

2 01 FORCaiOO)) (BrtBsti Thoroughbred R 8 B Pfc^ G Balding 11-4 JFtaat 

3 1 LXjmOHURST (OJ(J Terry} M Pipe 11-4 PScu dro noro 

0 BICKERMUUI (Q Do«0ng) J Spotting 10-12 S Morehead 

11 820 DRY GW (ONayttxJM Chapman 1612 SMBcM(7) 

12 0 FOREMAST (J Uwock) O Tucfcar 1612 SMcffcdi 

13 20 FRAABJNQ70H COURT (BF) (L Smit]) P Walwyn 1612 O Browne 

14 FRENCH FLUTTER (Mra C ChartttM) C Chartet 1612 RCaropbal 

15 00 IDLE SONG (Mrs L Rudd) RHoBfenheed 1612 PDewr 

19 U MURHAF (J Joseph) R Rost 1612 CHopwood(7) 

21 PHMULA Pt£A8E (T Leadbeator) A JWtam 1612 HDuvtoa 

23 000 ROCKALL(H Man) BStown 1612 — 

25 OP ST JAIME'S IWK(T Evans) F Jordan 1612 canto 

29 WALCtSIN (J H Baker) J H Baker 1612 SEaria (4) 

30 03 CLAP YOUR HANDS (Mrs M Sbaytor) P Beran 167 — 

32 40 HUGATE LADY (□ Ltes^yr* M Scudamore 10-7 AShrope 

33 0 JANE CRAIG (S QrMtths) S Griffiths 167 — 

38 33 SOLENT EXPRESS(BF) (Mrs M Santas) B Stevens 167 — 

40 0 TUDOR ETOR (K Dancer) MCesM 167 JDDoytoP) 

1986: WATPOH) GAP 1612 Mss S Lawrancu (4-1) N Gasalee 17 ran 

2.0 OPORTO HANDICAP CHASE (£1,671: 3m) (8 runners) 

2 010/31 P- FRSWEL (Mge C Bingham) P Belqi 11-11-10 SMaraMwl 

3 41330R BICKLEIGHBRa)GE(D)(S EfcatMd)J D Roberts 12-11-9 NFeron 

4 1200-21 BUTOLE BOY (CD) (Anna Ductless ol Westn4ratef) T Forster 611-6— H Davies 

5 122B33 BASWUL LAD (CMF) (Mrs FPariWOM CNver 11-11-0 JOoggm 

8 024432 COUNTY PLAYER (Mra H Knud) C F C Jackson 6167 RHyatt 

10 3P-1330 SCOTS NOGGERfC) (Mra M Spearing) J Spearing 11-163 PWrouror 

12 004P/0-4 VULRORyS PE (Mrs H Dowaon} Mm H Oowaon 610-0 dSMbam 

13 040401 CITADEL ROC (R) (Mss R Dudey) J M BredjCY 11-10-0 @a^ GPe W ea 

1965: GRANNIE’S PET 1610-2 P Barton (4-1 fan) D GandoBo 11 ran 

230 BURGUNDY NOVICE CHASE (£1,444: 2m) (13 runners) 

1 U3P4H0 CANTAB8£(CS) (Lady S Brooke) Lady S Broota 7-11-8 JacpW 0lvro(7) 

2 0361UF YELLOW STAG (D4(TKeiy)RPrroid» 61 1-2 SJOWeR 

s PPOO-OO FAB EXAMINEH (W MdKenjtaCoIe^ W MdKenriwCoIee 61 1-0 — MrBTaens 

7 444MBU GOMOO (B Brown) R Bmun 7-11-0 J Brown (7) 

8 124-000 GO US8AVA (B Bafleri H Fteectt* 61141, K Ryan (7) 

9 482-000 HARVEST (BenAigtons FtirNura Ud) OOTieB 7-11-0 — 

10 00004/p- JOB SHOP (Pwtempa Ud) R HoUnshead 7-11-0 PDuvw 

11 003226 MISTER BOOT (R Waalheraf) O OUtB 7-11-0 ... JSTOhani 

12 44P0-F0 HOULE BUDt (R LambarQ A Nightingale 611-Q : M Ca . m 8 

14 U004MO ROCWIANm (Mra PRighy) Mrs P Rigby 7-11-0 — 

16 43P/F40 STEVASA (Sootfwm Radhg La)) B Barons 7-71-0 — — : PNteUeta 

17 THE B0»®BUZHI (Mre J Morris) J Honeybai6l14) — SIMM 

20 18000P/ S8£NTSURR8BER(RSmttl)J tong 6169 — 

1985: AKRAM 7-11-7 G MuOourt (2-1 fav) R Hodges 12 ran 

3J0 CLARET HANDICAP HURDLE (£1,678: 2m) (20 runners) 

3 240041 REDGRAVE ARTIST (D) (CreydUe Ltd) M Hp® 611-10 (5«g — 

4 32132-0 STORM HOUSE (D) (Mra N Myerj) Mrs J Pitman 4-11-7 MHUbh 

5 41330-4 ORSTTAL MANG6UVSIS (D) (G CNpnwn) B McMahon 611-7 Ift E McMahon (7) 

8 200/004 ROYAL MANX (CO) (Btyo PaBrig LW) B RaEng 6H-5 CEvanaffl 

7 600004 TAGH>(CD)(M Tate) MTtoo 5-1 1-1 — C State 

8 0030-20 BOLD ROOEFOCK (D) (G ftlchartla) Grenrifte Rtetwrtkl 7-1612— Mia* T Dmi> (7) 


_ , « . f Bristol City v Bristol Rovers (7.45) _ 

Results from two meetings 

_ . . | GHngham v Northampton. 


81 161 
88161 
• 99 61 
— 161 


Leicester 

Going: tnrtfles. soft; chase, good to soft 



Rochdale v York 

Southondv Cambridge United (7.45) 

Walsall v Torquay 

Wolverhampton v Bournemouth — 

Wigan v Wrexham (7 AS) 

FWE FARE SCOTTISH LEAGUE: Second 
dMakn Berwick v St Johnstone. 
reWTRAL LE AGUE (7D unless Stated): 
ftew dMrion; Leeds vSuKisriand; U<wr- 
P?ol vOWham; Manchester Cite v Derty 
Mlddtesbroucli v Manchester 
U nited. Seco nd dhtaton: Btackpoal v 
grioys liakt Bradford v Sonthorpe: 

J 

Doncaster; Wigan wProston. 

FOOTBALL COMBINATION: Bristol 
Rovers *_ Putam; Cristel palace v 
Chariton; Queen's Park Itengea v Oxford 
United (2.0). 

FA VASE: Third to ro id: Havant vPorWng. 
ggjPta-d raptor corinman v 


2-1 fav). 

10 Aamkl 
CemaBa's . 

■ Verona Ma^c _ _ 

NUa Attack, 50 Gama Lancer 
ffiaya (6tmj3 K. dtet 6L J Lamb,^: 

Webber tf Banbury- Tote: £580; £1.70, n 
£1 JBO. El M. DF: £8*0. CSft £1443. 

On 4t ctj) 1. THE HAOENDBtOS gwrento et 

2B-3-£2 & l S£S « sssss 

12-lvVsO^Mt M 


20 pft£71^0.CSR E108.7B. After stewrods' 
33- mMry tea reauft stood 

1-<5 (3m ch) 1, DURHAM HXT1QN (F 


62 Ctonroche Stream (WAIi 
[48^.5 ran. 2141, 101, 10LW 


-A Jones 
8 McNaM 


Course specialists 


TRAINERS 

Winners Rtnrars Percent 


Mrs J Pitman 

5 

20 

25j0 

T Forster 

16 

68 

23-5 

RHoflitthesd 

9 

44 

264 

M Pipe 

8 

45 

17.8 

oowu 

S 

33 

162 

MOttver 

9 

78 

11.4 


JOCKEYS 
Wtonws Rklas 
17 86 

13 77 

20 131 

11 81 

7 86 

OnlyqueSflera 


Percent 

197 

165 

152 

ias 

61 


9 640300 ENSKMSKTT (CD) (A Brtabouma) A Brisbounto 11-1611 

10 OTHF-2 BLOW MY TOP (RBWOmftalJRHofctor 7-1610 

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-YACHTING: SURPHISF defeat for 


THE FRENCH LEAVES AMERICANS TO MEET IN THE SEMI-FINALS 



SPORT 


33 


SKIING 



of luck for New Zealand 


Trom Keith Wheatley 
Fremantle 


rV?, 


New 


'toe. ,» 





L 

se ■* 
aj 




. Zealand continued 
their magnificent winning 

*¥* dcfea «* 
~ USA m the final race of the 

.'/elimination trials yesterday 
w - In the semi-finals. New Ze£ 
■ v ftS Will race French Kiis and 
A; USA will face Stare and 
r -Stripes. 

V ■ There was probably a touch 
"pf relief in. the New Zealand 
camp when French • Kiss 
^ siupnsragTy lost by imin 
tow" 


* now 


55sec to ltalia. Had “that not 
y., happened, the French would 
f-_rhave come third and USA, 




W t '^ nuar v 

r - be'. 

direc. 




m; Cms»der. 4:12; Eagle W Azzurra. ret. 

^Standings 

*«• fatter final race of third round) 

f * ■ Wbo i J k. 


V. New Zealand 

-v Stars and Stripes 

“ USA 
c FrancMess- 


V.r-r. I? L Mr 


American 


.-..WMfrCrusadsr-, 
itafia 




" r V; - : -r: E-U 11 .^ 

• — _ — Kc r tvv. 


s - - 


nai 

:DB( : .\fr 

Jotted 

\i. 


Z - - Heart of America .. 
"-■Canada It 
Eagle 

j. Azzurra 


JlV 


' Chatenge France wthdrawn. 



jFfcat iw md roWwlpo fat; aacendiwaid 
rota* 5 points; ttkd round robin: 12 
iwpwnta. Best low of 12 entries from six 



Gaspoz’s 

victory 

encourages 

Swiss 


La Villa, Italy (Reuter) - Joel 
Gaspoz restored some pride to 
the Swiss men's team yesterday 
by recording their first win in a 
technical event in this season’s 
Alpine sld World Cup. Gaspoz 
produced two good runs to win 
the third giant slalom of the 
season with something to spare 
in a total time of 2min 4634 sec. 

Richard Plantation. of Italy, 
winner of the previous two giant 
slaloms, finished second J.37sec 
behind. He kept the World Cup 


Robert 

7 '-^iiiive 
• and 


S tfcrauah to aemUbiela, 
to January 7. Best two 


4 


in best of seven ehattemer 
. J«w»jr 13 to 23. America’s Sip 
dwfleogo bost-ol-aewn races from 

■ January yi.) 


. M : r <*n 

” i: ' 2 on 




' ■ 




7-“ « N;Sr 


; y 


' improving every day, fourth. 
,1. Consequently, the American 
-/ boat would have (heed Tflew 
Zealand in. the semi-finals. 


San Diego, as he showed 
against White Crusader. 

In informal trialling, the 
two boats have been dose in 
performance but in yester- 
day’s race. White Crusader 
lost nearly, a minute on every 
beat The start in a 20-knot 
breeze which should have 
been perfect fbr Britain and a 


downwind performance, it has 
come too late. 

There seemed to be no dear 
reason for the defeat es- 
pecially not by 5UCh a margin 
Post-regatta depression or a 
’dose of the slows' would 
probably be the diagnosis of 
the Fremantle Doctor. 

USA lost the start to an 


Blackaller tried every trick to 
get past but Dickson was 
having none of it. As the 
breeze freshened to 23 knots 
in the final hour, KZ7 seemed 
to come into her own and the 
final margin was just under a 
minute. 

French Kiss seemed to have 
niggling gear problems thro- 


was gravely wounded and the 
gap opened to two min utes. 

America (I presented a som- 
bre sight, sailing the course 
alone because of her unfortu- 
nately drawn match with the 
absentee. Challenge France. In 
New York, telephone lines to 
the America's Cup informa- 
tion centre were quickly 



Stripes and -Dennis' Conner 
ti had little trouble beating the 
British boat — even though, 
because of an editing error, we 


voured weather berth. 


At the top mark, after a beat 

. , — into high seas for the compar- 

' had written him off yesterday ativefy quiet sea breeze, the 
# -_;as head of the defeated New San Diego boat was 49 sec- 
- York Yacht Qub syndicate. In onds ahead. Only on the 
fact, Conner is very much still reaches and runs did White 
m the series as skipper of the Crusader hold her own. If she 
^ Stars and Stripes entry from has suddenly developed good 


sailing con- 
ditions. TJSA seemed to have 
equivalent boatspeed to the 
’plastic fantastic' but once the 
New Zealanders edge in front, 
they are not in the habit of 
letting people past 
Up and down the first six 
legs the margin ranged be- 
tween 11 and IS seconds. 


ankles. Italia is undoubtedly 
the best-campaigned of the 
’second division' yachts and 
her crew did a superb job in 
winning the start and holding 
off French Kiss in a tight 
battle up seven legs. 

The margin was seldom 
above 20 seconds until the 
final beat where French Kiss 


news of 
America ITs eliminatio n from 
the competition came thr- 
ough. By mid-morning, there 
had been over 2,000 cafis and, 
by lunchtime, 7,000 visitors 
had been through the centre, 
on the harbour in Lower 
Manhattan 


Now Fremantle is bracing 
itself for a week of vigorous 
'party-going. 


Americans fail to close technology gap 


•- ■“ ■ By Barry Pickthall . - ■. 

•?- —The Temovafof^hree^f the United 
States challengers from the America's 
Cop- before the semi-finals, inrtmting 
the early favourite, John Kofiusund 
• his America n group re pres en t in g the 
New York Yacht Clah, underlines just 
how much the latest tank-testing 
^methods and computeMuded re- 
search has undermined die free ha mi 
V designers once had to draw exactly 
what pleased them. 

■ Compaters phiyed unessential ; 

.•• la foe design of Alau-BowTs j 
• ; tfceeled"-Cng> J Altsiralia 

/ assessing performance to within* 

. percentage' point of reality at a 
twentieth of foe cost of tank-testing a 
one-third scale modeL 
The Americans found themselves - 
.- locked oat from this ld-year teefa- 
--nological lead, gained by the 
/’-Netherlands* Ship Model Basin 
! "where the. lines of Australia n were 
developed, by their own formulated 
' roles. Changes to the deed of -gift 
' /. .governing tire Cup, drawn up by the 
•t New York Yacht Oub several years .. 

ago to stop foreign ehatiragers from 
-^ tapping' into American- know-how, 
^stiptHatethafchaHengers can use 


i . for^gn test tanks, only if their own 
cenntry has no fadBtus of its own. 

■' That ruling came hack to roost 
when Australia finally won foe Cup, 
for in reality, foe Americans, British 
and French had jast two years to jump 
foe technological gulf while the 
Australian, New Zealand and Italian 
syndicates had free access to Ditch 
fkdKtes. 

American technology was taken for 
granted. “If we can senda man to foe. 
moon, we can certainly butch up on the 
Dutch,” was the response from one 
;syndkste hgai . . : . .-/ ; : 

/He m^ht have been right if Capitol 
Hill had treated foe Cnp*S recaptore 
with the same vigour it is giving to 
President Reagan’s * Star Wars* 
defence initiative- They might also 
have dosed the gap if afl foe ’ 
American syndicates had pooled their 
resources for research. Bat instead 
they went in five different directions 
and mostly lost their way amid reams 

of print-oat paper. 

. Bffl Langon, chief designer at 
.Sparkman and Stephens, tfae_famons_ 
design firm responsible for foe New 
York Yacht Club’s Defender admitted 
as modi to me 18 mouths ago when he 


aaSd: “Dutch tank-testing technology 
has certainly left ns with some 
catching np to do and in the search for 
something new. It is aD too easy to 
become overwhelmed with data.** 

The Americans called on some of 
the most impressive brains in the 
country, from NASA and the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy, Investing more than $10 milli on 
into raw research. la foe end. 


however, the only innovation this 
produced was Tom BhckaBer’s twin- 
ruddered USA, which now meets 
Dennis Conner's conventionally de- 
signed Stars and Stripes for a place in 
the final trials. 



The French, who have never done 
well in America's Cop competition 
turned to their own aerospace in- 
dustry and trusted in computer tech- 
nology alone to finalise the innovative 
lines of French Kiss, which now meets 
the aD-conquerfag New Zealand TV m 
- the gami-finalq. - 


-For their part the New Zealanders, 
who began their research in Holland 
are banking on glass reinforced 
plastic construc ti on to take them 
through to - the finals against 
Australia. 


John Kolius: 


This controver si al . construction 
method is said to have produced a 
20% 'advantage in longitudinal stiff- 
ness over alloy bnOt boats. Bat Dr 
Peter Van Oossanen, head of re- 
search at tbe Ship Model Basin is not 
convinced that the glass-fibre element 
is foe sole reason for the “Plastic 
Fantastic’s** unstoppable ran of wins. 


lead in the discipline and moved 
up to equal second in the overall 
cup standings, dosing on the 
leader. Pinnin Znrbnggen, of 
Switzerland. 

The super-giant slalom cup 
bolder. Markus Wasmeier, of 
West Germany, was third — his 
best giant slalom result since last 
January — with the second fast- 
est time on the first of the two 
legs. It moved him up to equal 
second overall with the Italian. 

Pramotton’s second place 
came on another good day for 
the I talians who have iwt the 
best start to the giant slalom 
event since 1974 when Piero 
Gros won the opening three 
races. The team, who occupied 
all three podium places on 
Sunday, had three other men 
among the points scorers 
yesterday. 

Gaspoz. who won the giant 
slalom title last year by one 

g aint from Sweden's Ingemar 
tenmark, said: “I needed this 
win to preserve my chaw** of 
the crown. The five best results 
count for the cup and we still 
have five more races.” 

The overall World Cup cham- 
pion, Marc Girarddli. of 
Luxembourg, who has contin- 
ued to race despite a dislocated 


BOBSLEIGH 


E German sledge 
banned by 
governing body 


By Chris Moore 


shoulder, failed to appear fbr the 
second run after being 2.74 
seconds slower than the leader, 
Gaspoz. in toe opening leg. 
LEAOMQ PLACWGS: 1. J Gaspoz (Swi 
2mtn 4&34 mc (1^85/ 2. 

PramottDnfffl £47.71 p 56.65/1 21. 06) 3. 
M Wusmaier rWG) 2:47.88 
2135t4. P Zurbriggan (Swttz) 
1:27.58/1:20 A7V STh Strafe 
2*8.11 0:28*0/1:21.71): 6. A 
(Uadi) 2*8.12 0:26-74/121.38); 
f. I Stenmark (Swe) 2:48-14 
02708/121 JW; 8. M Bar (WG) 2*8.19 
(128-61 /1 21 -5$; B. R Marik* 

2:4824 I12BJJ6/12Q.18); 10. O 

(N) 2*825 (125 

i Austria) 2*8141 
Erlachsri 

A Tomto m) 2*9.10 M 2825/1202* 14. 


ssr, 


121.45).11. G Mador 
4a41 (12725/12128); 12. R 


H Mayer (Austria) 2:49.18 
027.87/12121); 15. Y Tavomier (Fr) 


OVERALL STl 


1, ZurMggen. 97^pte^2, WSsmaiar an if 


Pramctton. 33; 4, P 

U a ta a r (Switti 51; 6. daapoz. 48; 7, 
Sfenmark. 4»JL Stock. 48; 9. R Ertachar 
(tt), 42; 10, Strafe, 39. 


>r(Swttz).B2;5.F 

Gaspoz. 


Martin Bell’s disappointing 
performance on Sunday in the 
Worid Cup downhill at Val 
Gardena — be finished 7 7m) 
when he had been expected to 
come m the top 10 — - was not 
considered a major setback by 
Britain’s Alpine team manager, 
Alasdair Scobie. 

Bell bad the misfortune to fill 
oh heavy ice -during Friday’s 
training, pulling a^mnsde and 
breaking his fist set oF black- 
wax based race skis. He had to 
resort to an inferior set of skis 
which were not Mack-wax 
based, which affected both his 
confidence and speed. Despite a 

dear run and no mistakes, be 
was 1.92sec slower than the 
winner. Bob Boyd, of Canada, a 
time gap that cost him 2 1 places. 

Scobie said he was confident 
Bell would show his true form at 
the FIS downhill races which 
take place at_ Val Gardena 
tomorrow and on Thursday. 
Last year. Bell won. both races. 
He confirmed that Bell would* 
have black-wax skis for his next 


Stand up and take a bow the 
Federation of International 
Bobsleighing and Tobogganing 
(FIBT). Their decision to ban 
East Germany’s controversial 
new two-man sledges from fu- 
ture international competition, 
including next month's world 
championships in St Moritz, 
must go down as one of foe 

boldest and most welcome acts 
of sporting officialdom of 1986. 

They were involved in the 
most difficult situation they 
have ever had to deal with. But 
they have managed to find a 
solution to the problem. 

The relevant point of issue 
surrounding the verdict of the 
presidium of the FIBT to ban 
the East German bobs, was not 
based on the fact that they were 
found to be outside the written 
rules of the sport as much as for 
not being within the spirit of 
them. 

As had been the case with 
Form ula One motor racing, the 
FIBT recognised a few years ago 
the danger of the sport becom- 
ing dominated by the fastest 
sledges rather than the best 
drivers and crews. 

To counteract that they de- 
cided after the last Olympics to 
standardise the future construc- 
tion of sledges as much as 
possible. In essence, they ruled 
that the basic chassis should be 
foe same on all bobs, and that, at 
the time, effectively outlawed 

the East German's unique 
hydraulic suspension systems. 

Even so the East Germans 
have still had the best equip- 
ment and in world and Olympic 
champion, Wolfgang Hoppe, 
undisputably the best driver. 

That, however, was not 
enough. Thor unquenchable 
thirst for success prompted yet 
another new bob this season. 


which, from the moment it was 
unveiled with no conventional 
rear axle, was certain to rile their 
rivals. 

Eight nations, including Great 
Britain, signed an official pro- 
test to the jury in Winteibeig 
which at the time was overruled. 
But although the sleds have now 
been banned, the East Germans 
will not be derived of their first 
and third places in foe opening 
Worid Cup two-man race at 
Wimerbeig. 

“The jury there accepted foe 
bobs and according to foe rules 
their decisio n is final," ex- 
plained the FEBTs secretaiy- 
geoeral, Ermanno Gardella, m 
Milan yesterday. “They can 
keep thetr World Cup points but 
cannot use foe same bobs again 
in any FIBT competition.” 

He added: “Our technical 
committee accept that the sleds 
were built in accordance with 
the regulations as they are 
written. But they do not con- 
form to the spirit of the rules. 
The East Germans know what 
was agreed after the last Olym- 
pics and 1 cannot understand 
why they changed.” 

Meanwhile, in foe British 
two-man championships in 
West Germany, two members of 
the Richmond “heavies” Rugby 
dub. Bertie Brooks and Philip 
Reid, were involved in one of 
the worst crashes ever seen at 
Konigssee. 

They were in one of eight 
sleds to overturn on the opening 
day of, practice and were both 
knocked unconscious, with 39- 
year-old Reid also suffering a 
broken collarbone. 

One eye witness said their bob 
flew 10 metres through the air 
before smashing into the next 
bend. 


TABLE TENNIS 


England 

omit 

Grundy 


Grabba to 
face tie 
with Jiang 


By a Correspondent 


RACKETS 


No shortage of 
challengers 


By William Stephens 

Another chapter closed in the performed over the last eight 
saga of encounters between .years in administering the 
John PreiHi and William Boone sponsorship' of the sport by 
when Ptenn. regained the World ' Celestion * Loudspeakers. The 
Championship from his for- chairman of the company is 
, ; BtidaWe-ad versary last weekend Pretm’s'fathei; Daniel — hims e lf * 


-X. — albeit by a fractional margin 
... Calculations of Byzantine in- 
tricacy would have been nec- 
essary at Queen's Club had the 
final score in games over the two 
legs been equal, forpoints would 

have been the decider. Even- 

. . .tually, after over five and a half 


boms of play in New York and 
Prenu 


A - London. "Prenn won by 8-6 in 
-games but only 12 points sepa- 
“ rated the contenders. 

„ 1 The epic contests over the last 
,-w. 10 years, on both sides of the 

- Agamic, between these two pre- 
eminent players have done 

t- 'inuch to enrich the game by 
.■ ‘ rajstng the level of competition 

- -and increasing foe popularity of 

the sport. Pans of the match on 
v Saturday were shown on na- 
tional television — for the first 

. Prenn won the world 
~ championship first in 1 98 1 from 
^.William Surtees. He lost it to 
Boone in 1984. Prenn is a 
T. natural athlete with feline grace. 

Boone defies all the tenets of a 
a solid-ball game, shunning the 
disciplines of footwork and 
r timing — frequently playing the 
^.baU leaning back, with legs 
r . -Splayed and chest-on to the front 
"•'■wall. But he is a phenomenal 
"’■’"competitor, fiercely ambitious 
■> and immensely strong — a ; 
^-.terrific fighter, _ particularly 
^ when in a cottier. ' 

While Boone's greatest 
’ Contribution to the game has 
-re-been on court, the rackets 
fraternity owe Prenp a partKU- 
lar debt for the work that he has 


a notable 

Playing for Germany in foe 
1932 Davis Cup against Eng- 
land, be defeated both Bunny 
Austin and Fred Perry. The 
Prenn fami ly’s vital contribu- 
tion to rackets is to be reinforced 
from January 1, with Rank 
Xerox participating as joint 
sponsors. 

Now consideration turns to 
the future. James Male lodged a 
challenge for the world 
championship when he beat 
both Prenn and Bo one on 
consecutive days.iast December, 
to win foe amateur singles 
. -championship. His challenge 
will be considered at the dose of 
this season when the results of 
foe amateur singles next Janu- 
ary, and foe open singles next 
March, will be analysed. 

Both Prenn, aged 33, and 
Boone, 36, after the meticulous 
preparation necessary to 
achieve foe highest level of 
fitness, say that it cannot go to 
waste. They will be vying wifo 
each other, and fending off other 
contenders- These include two 
■outstanding profcsnonals. 
Shannon Hazell at Clifton Coll- 
ege and Neil Smith at Queen fc 
There -is- also a 19-year-old 
amateur, Rupert Owen-Browne, 
who possesses an imperious 
backhand which many say is foe 
best since that of Suitas. 

So the situation at foe highest 
level of rackets over foe next few 
von is still wide open and likely 
lo be full of inwwt **** 
speculation. 


HOCKEY 


England’s 
proviso 
on Dublin 


By Sydney Friskra 


England have agreed to take 
part in; foe Horae Countries 
Championship in Dublin next 
y e ar - p rovided- foe dates- arei 
convenient and have suggested 
July. 17-19 as foe most accept- 
able. England are also planning 
a visit to Belgium early in 
August to play two international 
matches before the start of the 
European Championship in 


Moscow on August 20. 

wul begin the de- 




REAL TENNIS 


Johnson’s first title 


• David Johnson, of Queen’s 
~ Club, won foe first title in his 
r. long career as a real tennis 
~ professional when, with Chris 
Ronald son. the world ebam- 
-y'ptdo. be secured the Cos. 
■ -d’Estoumel French Open Dou- 
-~bles championship by beating 
3 “Wayne Davies and Peter de 
Svastich 6-5, 6-2 at Bordeaux 


Johnson was one or two 

Britans to surprn i himself 1* 

lian Snow, the United 
Kingdom’s second ranked ama- 
teur eliminated from foe singles 
wo professionals, Cohn 
and Jonathan 

ranked fifth and sooh m the 
worid respectively- ™T- 
tually fell to Davies, the- holder. 


Southgate 
fence of foe Hockey Association 
Cup wifo a first round home 
maufo against Lewes on Feb- 
ruary 1 next year. The draw for 
the southern section of foe 
competition brings some of foe 
leading London League clubs 
into contention, Slough meeting 
Bromley, Spencer opposing 
Guildford, and Blackhead) tak- 
ing on Teddiqgton. Familiar 
rivalry also occurs in the west- 
ern-section where Isca are drawn 
to meet Exeter University and 
Firebrands play West 
Gloucestershire. 

First round draw 
SOUTH: East Grinstead v South Saxon* 
Old Walcounttans v Oxford Hmfcs; OM 
WiSamsoniaw v Witney; Pitfley v 
Ashford; NatWest Bank v Wlndaon Tun- 
briekje MM? v EnflaU; Richmond 


Faroham; Indian Gyrnktam v Ftaadfog 


Southgaw v Laws; RAOC (48) 
Kbigatonlflns; Weybridga Hawks v Hav- 
ant; Maidenhead v Portsmouth & 
Swnhaee; Hounstow » Trojans; Lyons v 
Marlow; Slough v Srontey; Chichester v 
Swbltore t 35 HB v pnsrsftoid; BICC* v 
Gore Court; Aylesbury v Old 
Medwtitaimians; Spencer v Gt*dfort; 
Btackhaatfi v TsdiSiigton; Btoeeter v OU 
Taunfonians; Merton v Beckenhem. 
EAST: Hsriester Mantra v West Herts: 
Old Louohtonians v B e dford ah t re Saaisa; 
C a ffbnoge Oty v Bedford; RAF Sport 
Command v Cambridge Nomads: 
Bishop's Sanford v airy st Edmunds: 
FelbstDWB v Ford; Long -Sutton v 
western; Chelmsford v St Aflww Pe6- 
cens v Ipswich; Grimsby v Wisbech; 
Brotboume v Norfofc Wanderers. 

NORTH St Georges v WMalwen; 
Warrington v Sunderland; Naston v Liver- 
pool Setton; Southport v Ramghara; 
AWerley Edge v vSinea Paritogton v 
Br oo Wra dw eowdcn v Donc a ster , Pres- 
ton v Present; Sheffield Unwerstty v 


Newcastle unNemlhr; Farstey v Hight^im; 
bran; Wafceilaid* Bradford. * 


WeKonv Norton; 

MIDLANDS: West Brfdgterd v Redd**; 
Pickwick v South Notts; Shrawsbunr * 
Stone: Oertwv Leicester WesdMh; Own 
ft /forth WeiwWcshjre V SWl. Unton; 
Edfoestcn v NOrthanpan Salnte; Gymffi 
v Barford Tigers: Knalsa (Coventry) v 
Haiberne; Befoer v Cannock; Sueettoy « 

WEffJlWteat watBlwe V Guernsey: Leom- 
v v- Bream Cheltenham v Mart- 
borough; Truro « WeetSwy Banks; 
Hrefciands v was* GtoucestsrriWa; Nani 
Air Cornmand v Jarsm; Enter Crickets v 
Tffirwn fera v &«sr U nb3g » 


FOOTBALL 


Benfica upended by Sporting 


If local derbies are supposed 
to be tense, dosefy- fought af- 
fairs. then nobody bothered to 
tefl Benfica and Sporting Lisboa 
on Sunday. Their match ended 
ria a 7-1 win for Sporting, an 
extraordinary result against a 
team who were leading the table 
-and-bad -bees -unbeaten in foe 
league this season. 

Two Englishmen were at the 
centre of events; John 
Mortimore, foe Benfica man- 
ager who said his team “just lost 
control”, and Rafael Meade, the 
former Arsenal forward who 
scored one of Sporting's goals. 
The most outstanding perfor- 
mance. however, came from 
Fernandes, who scored four. 

lu another remarkable match 
Porto all but upstaged Sporting 
wifo an 8-3 win over lowly 
Farease which took Item to the 
top oF foe league. This .was. 
another one-man show. Gomes,' 
one of Europe's most prolific 
forwards, scoring five." 

Porto could soon boast one of 
the most glamorous forward 
lines in Europe, if their reported 
attempt to buy foe Brazilian 
Casagrande proves successful 
Casagrande. who is aged 23 and 
plays fbr the Sao Paulo dub 
Corinthians, -was in foe Brazil 
team at the Worid Cup this year. 


By Simon O'Hagan 

although he was dropped half- 
way through foe campaign after 
failing to live up to his promise. 

Over the Spanish border it 
was back to a more familiar 
world of negativity as Barcelona 
were held to a 1-1 draw by 
AtRtico Madrid and Real Ma- 
drid scuffed their way to a-I-0 
win over Espotol, a perfor- 
mance which prompted their 
manager, Leo Beenhakker, to 
say: We had to beat Espanol 
any way we could because at tins 
stage I don’t mind if we play 
ugfy football” 

Barcelona were trailing to a 
42nd minute penalty by Marina 
— who thus ended Zabizarrrta’s 
Spanish record of going 762 
minutes without conceding a 
goal — when their substitute, 
Caldere, equalised with 10 min- 
utes to go. SantiUana, the 34- 
year-old former Internationa] 
who was replacing the sus- 
pended Sanchez, scored Rears 
winning goal aftar 15 minutes. 

Real thus moved to within 
two points of Barcelona at the 
top of foe table, but foe pressure 
is telling on them. Butragueno 
was given last week off to 
recover from exhaustion, but 
foe chances he missed against 
Espanol suggested it was per- 
haps not the right remedy. 


The gap at the top of the 
Italian league has also narrowed 
to two points, foe leaders. 
Napofi, having been held (V0 at 
AC Milan, while Juventes and 
Inter-Milan, their nearest chal- 
lengers, both won J-0. 


Jnventus’s victory over their 
neighbours Torino came as 
something of a relief after some 
poor performances recently. In- 
ter, meanwhile, are looking 

S uite a force under Juventus’s 
ormer manager, Giovanni 
Trapatonm. They have also 
beeo bolstered by foe arrival 
from Fiorentina of Daniel 


Passardla, the former Argentin- 
ian international defender. It 


international defen 
was against Fiorentina that Inter 
gained their win, their goal 
appropriately enough, coming 
from 


The Wert German and Dutch 
leagues have both entered 
hibernation. Hamburg lead 
Bayern 'Munich on goal dif- 
ference in West Germany, with 
Bayer U erd f ngen two points 
behind in third. In The Nether- 
lands there is almost as dose a 
contest at the top. Ajax leading 
PSV Eindhoven by one point. 
There foe competition seems to 
.end. Feyeaoord, in third place, 
are 11 points behind. 


OVERSEAS RESULTS 


- The English women’s cham- 
pion, Joy Grundy, has been 
omitted from England’s squad 
for foe 1987 worid champion- 
ships in Delhi, from February 
19 to March 1, 1987. 

Miss Grundy, whose early 
season performances have been 
restricted by injury, won foe 
Sliga Middlesex Three Star title 
on Sunday but failed to win the 
selectors’ vote. “We had to 
support Alison Gordon, who 
has scooped two major titles 
already this season and finished 
second in the Stiga National 
Top Twelve,” Paul Day, the 
chairman .of the English selec- 
tors, said. 

Die men’s squad contains 
only one surprise in John Soo- 
ter. aged 22- In a repeat of his 
1 ltb-nour antics which won him 
a place in the European 
championship team in March, 
Souter beat Cad Prean at Pick- 
etts Lock in the Middlesex event 
to gain selection. 

“This is foe strongest mens 
line-up we have sent to foe 
world championships for over 
five years. 2 am confident that 
medals are within our sights,” 
Day said. England finished 
tenth in foe 1985 champion- 
ships in Gothenburg. 

MEJfc D Doutfoa WYarwfcteS*®). A CCMw 
(Dait>y**B) C ma (Isle of IM S 
Aodraw (Essex). J Soutw(Mddined. 
WOMB* L Baflogar (BodtartstweL A 
Gordon (Berkshire). F Elliot 
(SaflordshlrB). 


Tokyo (AP) — World cham- 
pion Jiang Jialiang of China 
advanced Monday to foe quar- 
ter-finals of the second Euro- 
Asia tournament, but Jc 
Persson. the 
Swede, was eliminated. 

Jiang, the 21-year-old No. 1 
seed, used short, speedy shots to 
beat Tibor Kampar of Hungary 
21-14, 21-14, 21-19. 

In today's quarter-finals, 
Jiang meets the defending 
champion, Andrzej Gmbba, of 
Poland, who beat the South 
Korean, Ahn Jae-hyung, 21-13, 
15-21, 21-15. 21-13 in foe 
second round. 

Yang Jianhua, of China, beat 
Persson, who is ranked first in 
Europe, and meets Yoshihito 
Miyazaki of Japan in foe quar- 
ter-finals. Two Swedes — Erik 
Lindh and Ove Waidner — and 
the Chinese pair of Chen 
Lon^can and Teng Yi complete 
the Lue-up. 

In women’s competition, top- 
seeded Jiao Zhimin of China 
advanced to the quarter-finals 
by beating Kimiko Ishida of 
Japan 21-16, 21-5. 21-7, and 
meets Mane Hracbova of 
Czechoslovakia today. 

Other quarter-finalists in- 
dude foe second seed. China’s 
Dai Lili, Mika Hoshino, of 
Japan, Li Bun Hui of North 
Korea, Brigitte Thirl et of 
France, Li Huifeng of China and 
Hyun Jung-bwa of South Korea, 
who beat England’s Lisa 
Bellinger 21-12, 21-9, 21-13. 

Results, page 34 


TENNIS 


Australia move indoors 


. Melbourne (Reuter) — 
Australia’s preparations for the 
Davis Cup final against Sweden, 
the holders, later this month are 
being hampered by heavy rain. 

Storms have forced the non- 
playing captain, Neale Fraser, 
and his squad to practice in- 
doors for the past three days. 
Wifo only a five-hour workout 
on the grass courts of Kooyong 
here, venue for the December 


26-28 final, Fraser said his team 
were “ a bit scratchy, but theyi) 
get better. Three days indoors 
and then out playing on a fast 
grass court is not ideal 
preparation.” . .. . 

The four-strong Australian 
team will be named tomorrow. 
.The .Swedish squad, led by 
Stefan Odberg, theAustralian 
Open champion, arrive on 
Thursday. 


TO PLACE YOUR 

TRAVEL 


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IN 


ARQENTME: Farm Can* Oesta a 


Tampertey 0; Sar\ Lorenzo da Almagro Z 
Urion 1; Deportvo Espanol 2. Afoerttnos 
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Rata v Hmnasa Eayfma La Plate 
irwid. Leading positions: t, 
sGUBm,riandtoi29potots;2^ 
indapedtontB, & 28: a. Son Lmnco da 
Almagro, 23, 28. 

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13, IS. 

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ft Bordeaux, 21 ,2ft 

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Larissa 0, bteffis 1; Otymptakos 1, Vania 


PORTUQUE5E: Sporting 7. Benfica 1; 
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Acadfcmica ft Rto Ave ft Poremonansa 0. 
Chaves 0. Leeffing stanffings: t. Porto, 
23 points; ft Benfica. 1 4. 23; 3, 


SPANISH: Real Madrid 1. Esrefel ft Rate 
4a ft Sevde a 


Ghent . 

teefit played 1ft & points; ft FC Bruges, 
15, 23; ft FC Mectffn, 1ft 22. 

DUTCH: Pffi Zarotte 0, Feyenoord Rotter- 
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namo Berlin 2; Vorwaerts Frankfurt 1. 


ft Paffionla 5. Apolon 1; PACK Satorffica 
» 0. U« ” 


ft OFI krtSon 0. Uaffiog 


, - w 10. ”16 point s, ft 

PACK, 1ft 15; 3, Pantonks. 1ft 13. 
ITALIAN: AscoS I. Roraa 1; Avtiteo 3, 
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1. Como ft ‘ " 


12. 


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positfoos: 1. Napoft 

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msenar 1; Jeunoste Escfi ft Ssctert 0. 
Lertng pete Done 1. Junessa, played 
• 14, 26 points; 2, Beggen, 14, 21; 3, Spore, 
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VpfladoW 4. Real Mraa 
Sporting Gfcn ft SobadaB t, 
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Rffid Sotiedad ft Landing po aB lo ra. 1. 
Btecstona. played 17, 25 points; ft Real 
Madrid, 17. 23; 3. Bft»o. 17121. 
TURKISH: Bes&tes 3. Mafetyaspor ft 
Aitay 1, Fenaibteica 1; KtxaaBspor 0. 
Galetasaray 2; Zonguldakspor 0. 
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Assurance puts Hollins on trial 





mpj 

fc&';4 



; consistent backing 


By Stuart Joses 
Football Correspondent 

Managers dread hearing that they have 
Abe foil support of their chairmen. The 
next statement tends to include the 
official termination of their contract 
Now J ohn Hollins, who fills the subser- 
vient role at Ch el sea, must wait to 
discover whether he is to be an exception 
to the general rule. 

His employer, Ken Bates, consistently 
offered his backing during a weekend in 
which the team lost for the ninth tone 
this season and sank to the bottom of the 
first division. 

“It may be a hiccup,” Bates conceded. 
“Let us hope that it does not develop 
into whooping cough. 

“John has always been the golden boy 
of fbotbalL I wouldn't say he was a 
matinee idol but everything has always 
gone right for him. For the first time in 
his life, he is finding out who his friends 
are and having to re-assess his thoughts, 
attitudes and quite a number of things. 

“Thai hasn't changed the basic charac- 
ter of the man, which is integrity, 
honesty and sincerity and a tremendous 
amount of ability. I'm in overall charge 
of the dub but. although my role ends at 
the dressing-room door, our success 
ultimately lies at my door. That is where 
the buck stops. 


“If you look at the least-successful 
dobs in the first division, or the ones 
who are in the same position as us, they 
have nearly all changed their manager 
this season. It doesn’t seem to have done 
them much good.** For the moment the 
position of Hollins would seem to be 
assured. 

He could do no worse than recall the 
fete of one of his contein paries. He and 
Howard Kendall started their pro- 
fessional playing careers in the same 
year, 1963, and both were to return like 
prodigal sons to the dubs with whom 
they gained most recognition and won 
most honours. 

Three yeais ago, Kendall was consid- 
ered to be in a similarly perilous position 
at Goodison Park. Everton's match at 
Wolverhampton Wanderers on Decem- 
ber 27 was to represent both the low and 
the turning point They tost 3-0, co- 
incidentally the same margin by which 
Chelsea were beaten by Liverpool at 
Anfield on Sunday. 

It was Everton's 19th game and, by 
chance, Chelsea happen to have reached 
the same stage in this season’s schedule. 
There, ominously for Hollins, the 
s imilari ty ends and no more markedly 
than in the number of goals conceded. 
Everton (20) were almost twice as secure 
as Chelsea (37) are now. 


Kendall had already built the defen- 
sive foundations of a side that was to go 
on the following year to claim the title. 
All he required was a spark, to light up ms 
attack. He found it, improbably, in Andy 
Gray, scarred and brittle but willing to 
carry any burden. 

Kendall later admitted that the ac- 
quisition of Gray for some £200,000 bad 
initially worried him. But the old 
warhorse, working in harness with the 
thoroughbreds, completed a lino-up tmu 
was to lose only four of the re m ai n ing 23 
fixtures and, five months later, to win the 
FA Cup. . _ 

To expect Chelsea to match their feats 
would be to indulge in the fenciful 
Kendall had a collection of individuals 
who were on the edge of international 
recognition. Hollins has a bunch of 
players who not so long ago were on the 
verge of nothing more than disinteg- 
ration. 

Requests for transfers and reports of 
disputes and disagreements were the 
most prominent feature of their late 
autumn, and even now McLaughlin and 
Speedie would prefer to move. Although 
Hollins m aintains - that he has the 

unanimous support of his squad, their 
spirit faded visibly after a relatively 


promising opening at Anfield. 

Injuries, if not the impending suspen- 

SHOW JUMPING 


FOOTBALL 


son of Rougvie. are threatening JJ 
disrupt still further the dKj^ ot 
Hollins. “There are 69 pomis fflfl 

for” he said checrfuUy on Sunday. The 

M* as from Saturday 15 of 
them will be on offer within only a 

f °EvM V he could select his strongest 
formation, and five of those are doubt- 
fUL he would be stretching bisown 
natural optimism to forsee them gamin* 
significant ground by January x Al- 
though three of their five game® 1 
festive' period are at Stamford Bridge, 
that is principally where their weakness 

Their home was their greaiest strength 
last season when they eventually* finished 
sixth. Their challenge for the mfe, which 
was realistic until the New Year, was 
built around a cohesive defence, an 
efficient midfie ld and the partnership 
between the prolific Dixon and their 
outstanding talent, the ill -disciplined 
Speedie. 

The jig-saw fitted then but evidently 
does not now. Like Kendall in 1983, 
Hollins needs to introduce a catalyst, 
somebody who is capable of putting the 
pieces together on the pitch. Otherwise, 
Bates's fear could be realized and the 
current hiccup may well develop into 
whooping cough m 1987. 















77 


Hollins: needs a catalyst 



Police bar Telford from 
staging tie with Leeds 


Telford United's hopes of 
staging their FA Cup third 
round tie against Leeds United 
at their Buck’s Head ground 
have been dashed by the local 
police. “They couldn’t guar- 
antee public order and, reluc- 
tantly, we have to go along with 
that," Michael Ferriday, the 
Telford secretary, said 
yesterday. 

The GM-Vauxbalf Con- 
ference club is now faced with 
the difficult task of finding an 
alternative, neutral, ground 
where dub and police are pre- 
pared to cope with the notorious 
Leeds supporters. “It is the 
match nobody wants,” Ferriday 
said, a view home out by an FA 
spokesman who added: “It has 
become a very difficult match to 
arrange considering the prob- 
lems with Leeds fans in the 
past.” 

Telford, however, are deter- 
mined not to concede home 
advantage by switching the 
match to Elland Road. “That is 
the very, very, very last option.” 
Ferriday said. 

The non- League dub made 
two attempts to persuade the 
Shropshire police and local fire 
authorities. They offered to 
make the game all-ticket, with 


no allocation to Leeds, a move 
they were confident the FA 
would support They also exam- 
ined the possibilities of beaming 
the game live, via closed circuit 
television, to EDand Road. 

But Ferriday conceded: “The 
police were still of the opinion 
that Leeds supporters would still 
turn up at the ground and that 
they could not then guarantee 
public order. Reluctantly, we 
have to go along with that. Our 
ground is not a fortress. We 
have several dubs we could 
approach who would be only too 
willing to stage the game. But 
they, too, are governed by what 
their police say. 

“The FA are powerless in this 
situation. They may govern 
football bin they canot order the 
police to do what they want. It is 
not a good day for football, or 
for law and order in society in 
general.” 

Maxwell Holmes, the Leeds 
director in charge of crowd 
control, said: “irs a sensible 
derision not to play the game at 
Buck's Head. Telford mid the 
authorities had e x pressed some 
anxiety about the tie going 
ahead there, so it is logical io 
stage it elsewhere. I am pleased 
the FA have no plans to ban our 
supporters from attending the 


game, wherever it is played, 
though I never had any doubts 
on that score.” 

Leeds have a long history of 
crowd trouble and have been the 
subject of numerous FA in- 
vestigations. This season, they 
have been accused of arson at 
West Bromwich Albion and 
Bradford Gty, and Ferriday 
added: “Forcing us to give tip 
the game at Buck's Head is 
already a victory for them.” 

Telford were once happily 
able to accomodate a crowd of 
13,000 against Shrewsbury 
Town in 1 935. Bui Chief Inspec- 
tor Ron Williams, one of the 
policemen who made the de- 
cision to prevent the match 
taking place in Telford, admit- 
ted dungs had changed. 

“The perimeter fencing is not 
the same standard as the big 
clubs, the ground is right next to 
the town centre and the railway 
station is over a mile away. The 
decision was not taken lightly, 
but after examining all the 
factors presented to us, and 
gleaning information from as 
many sources as possible, 
including our Leeds counter- 
parts, we knew we couldn't 
maintain the safety of players, 
spectators or local people.” 


Malvern give convincing display 

By George Chesterton 


OM Westminsters' first visit 
to Malvern in the Arthur Dunn 
Cup ended in defeat on Sat- 
urday, when they went down 2-0 
to their hosts. 

It was a pleasure to see the 
visitors wearing their traditional 
pink and something ofa surprise 
to find the home team in red. Mr 
Ashby, the referee, found the 
contrast acceptable and kept 
play flowing in a good natnred 
contest. 


Westminster gave away a 
penalty after only five minutes 
and Denham converted this 
with a hard, left-foot drive. For 
Malvemians, CoUings, Gilbert 
and Denham all had shots in the 
target area, but these were safely 
gathered by Rosen in the West- 
minster goaL Once more before 
half-time the ball was in the 
Westminster net. but Gilbert 
was offside. 

Five minutes into the second 


POOLS FORECAST bv Paul Newman 


Two weeks' forecasts 
Christmas post 

Saterday December 20 


are pubBshed today because of Only datays In the 


half Saunders was unmarked 
five yards out and with time to 
spare put Malvern two ahead. 
Westminsters, despite construc- 
tive play from Baikhan and a 
good shot by Cameron which 
foundered in the goalmouth 
mud, could not reply. 

In other first round matches, 
the holders, OM Brentwoods, 
moved safely into the second 
round, defeating Old 
Aldenhamiaos 3-0. Doran, back 
Grom a serious leg injury, made 
their first goal and scored the 
second, and their veteran star, 
Needham, who first appeared in 
the final in 1973 headed in their 
third. 



Hockey must 
be alive to 


over-exposure 


If yon want your sport to leap 
over the enormous crevasse that 
separates major minor sports 
from minor major sports, yon 
need three things. You need 
stars, yon need British success, 
md you need television. But 
beyond all doubt, the greatest of 
these is television. 

If ever a sport demonstrates 
this classic Mend to perfection, it 
is ice dance. After T and D it Iras 
become a vast telly sport and it 
was television that made it so. In 
fW-t, with television yon can even 
do without the first two desid- 
erata. Gymnastics made It with a 
stax. Olga Korbut, but without 
any British success whatsoever. 
It remains a major sport without 
any stars to speak o£ because it 
works so well on television. 

Television can even create a 
sport oat af nothing American 
football has become a thriving 
minor sport in Britain entirely 
because of television. Bat the 
success of the year has un- 
doubtedly been hockey. It 
caught the pnhfic interest, it 
worked on the screen, it had 
British wi-gM, it had a couple 
of stars: the mustard-keen Sean 
Keriy and Ian Taylor, the flying 
mattress. 

The BBC were so taken with it 
that, as they reminded os on 
Sunday ni ght they even can- 
celled .Football Focus to show 
some hockey. Surely no greater 
sacrifice can ever have been 
made. So where does hockey go 
next? Was this a freak, or is thxs^ 
the start of the Great Hockey 
Explosion? 



Jeff McVean on Whisper Grey going for a win at Olympia (Photograph: Hugh Kentledge) 


Veteran relishes big fences 


flirtation now 
a love affair 


By Jenny MacArthnr 


FAST DIVISION 


1 Arsenal v Luton 

2 Chariton v Liverpool 
2 Chetsea v Tottenham 
1 Everton v WbnUsdon 
1 Man U v LWcsstar 

1 NotOTi F v Solon 
1 Oxford v A VHa 
1 West Ham v OPR 
Not on coupons: Coventry 


County (Sunday); Chester 
v Chesterfield [Friday); 
Darlington v Port Vale 
(Friday); Doncaster « 
Swmdoo (Sunday); Gang- 
ham v Bristol Rovers (Fn- 


SOUTKERN LEAGUE 
SOUTHERN DIVISION 


Old Hafleybarians, playing 


ham v Bristol Rovers (Fri- 
day): Mansfield v Wigan 


1 Corinthian v Woodford 
1 Dover v Waterloo*— 

1 Dunstable v Erith 


their first Arthur Dunn match, 
started nervously and after 10 


Olympia greeted its most 
popular winner yesterday when 
John Whitaker and his leg- 
endary partner Next Ryan's 
Son, 19 next year, won the 
Crosse and Blackwell Mince Pie 
Power and Speed Stakes. 

The old horse, who has now 


(Sunday) 


FOURTH DIVISION 


VAUXHALL-OPEL LQE 
PREMIER DIVISION 


started nervously and after 10 
minutes were two down against 
OM Harrovians. Although they 
fought back, they never got on 
level terms and went down 3-2. 


won more than £300,000 during 
his career, made tight work of 


v Manchester City (Sun- 
day); Sheffield Wednes- 
day v Newcastle [Sunday): 

wmxavNarwUifFrUaf) 


SECOND DIVISION 


uddersffdv 

srtsmouttiv 



1 Aldershot v Crews , 

1 Camb U v Rochdale 
1 Preston v Orient 

1 Swansea v Colchester 
X Torquay v Petertxxo 

2 Waives v Southend 
Not on coupons: Bumtey v 
to^^^rhHaBaK v 

am p t on v Uncorn (Sun- 
day); Scunthorpe v Exeter 


’ The oal Y rcpky results Srom a 

x Hayes* Henaon 2-2 draw between Lancing Old 

Boys and Old Ghobneieians. 
Tins was the score after 90 
minutes and neither side was 
able to add to it in extra time. 


VAUXHAU.-OPE1.LGE 
FIRST DIVIStON 


2 BNertcay v L-WIngate 
1 Lewes v Fmchtey 
1 Uxbridge v Tlbury 


SCOTTISH PREMER 


(Friday); Stockport v 
Wrexham (Friday): 


Tranmere v 
(Friday) 


1 Cefficv Aberdeen 

1 Dundee U v Hearts 
X fata* v Dundee 

2 HamSton v Rangers 


MULTIPART LEAGUE 


2 Harmtton v Rangers 
X Htwmran v Mothenml 
1 StMfcranvOydBtaenk 


RESULTS: OM AMenhamtans 0. Otd 
Brentwoods 3: Old Carthusians 3, OM 
Salopians 0: OM Foresters 3, OM 
BrafteMfens 5; 0M Hafttyburtans 2. OM 
Harrovians 3; OU Mahemtahs 2. OM 
Westminsters 0: OM Reptariens l, OM 
Aidntans 0: Lancing OW Boys SL OM 
Cholmetalans 2; OW Chtgwel la n n S, OM 

wy ta ham to s 0. 


his career, made tight work of 
Alan Ball's big course - too big 
according to many of the riders - 
and relegated David Broome on 
Roy ale, another time-honoured 
partnership, to second place. 

Michael, John’s younger 
brother, put up a fierce challenge 
on Next Heliopolis, finishing 
third on the 1 1 -year-old mare on 
whom he completed a double 
dear round in this year's Na- 
tions Cup event in Toronto. 

the course for 


International Show in June he 
won the King George V Cup; 
two mouths later be was second 
in the Hidcstead Jumping "Derby 
and then, at Wembley, in Octo- 
ber - his last outing before 
Olympia - he won the Lombard 
Silver Spur. 

This week Ryan's Son has had 
three outings and finished ninth, 
second and first While at home, 
in between competitions, he is 
exercised by John’s wife Claire - 
three-quarters of an hour hill 
and roadwork daily. This is the 
programme he will follow in the 
coming year when the old hero, 
who celebrated his win yes- 


terday by eating a mince pie, 
win be aimed ai the Hidcstead 


1 Coemarton « Woricngtn 
X Choriey v Oswestry 

2 Wilton v Bangor 


SCOTTISH F«ST 


SOUTHERN LEAGUE 
PREMER DIVISION 


2 Brechin v Morton 
1 Dumbarton v Forfar 


1 DunfenMnav Clyde 
1 East FMa v Airdrie 
1 KUmamock t Montrosa 
1 ParbdrvOof Sth 


In deep end 


THIRD DIVIStON 


1 RsdcSteh v FOflcastona 
X Salisbury v BeOworth 


wiD be aimed ai the Hidcstead 
Jumping Derby. 

Robert Smith, who at last 
appears to have a string of 


declared that Bel Harbour 
would be the best horse in 
England next year. Smith’s 
other wins at the show came on • 
City Tycoon, another youthful 
seven-year-old, and Sanyo 
Olympic Video. 

Sue Fountain, winner of the 
leading show jumper of the year 
class at Wembley, who was not 
invited to compete at Olympia 
because she was too far down 
the riders’ rankings fist, received 
some compensation when she 
was announced yesterday as the 
winner of the £5,000 Raffles 
Daily Mail Riders' 
Championship. 

She and her outstanding horse 
Ned Kelly have been so success- 
ful in the qualifying rounds 
during the year that the outcome 
of the championship was dc- 


“Wefl, we've got the next four 
years in the public eye,” said 
Stephen Baines, chhf executive 
of tire Hockey Association. “It is 
up to os to make the most of 
them.” By this, be means that 
Britain trill go brio the 1988 
Olympics as bronze medaJ-boM- 

1990 as beaten 

finaflsts last time around. Pubfic 
expectation and interest wfli 
therefore be high. 

Meanwhile, the rampant 
flirtation between the BBC and 
hockey has developed into a 
shameless love affair. “The 
BBC has opened its arms to 
hockey,” Baines said. Their 
relationship, he said, is 
“fantastic”. Efecfcey is bowled 
over, and the BBC is pretty well 
smitten: the corporation has 
expressed its enthusiasm far 
showing more hockey than ever 
before over, the next couple of 


than anything else is more and 
more ar tificial pitches. The de- 
cline of India and Pakistan as 
hockey nations is directly dne to 
their lack of plastic pitches. 
They only have one each. Both 
c oun tri e s have more urgent 
things to spend money on. 
Things that rather put sport in 
perspective. 

Bat in lei s are- booming 
Britain, artificial surfaces make 
good sense for community 
recreation projects. They can be 
used mote or less constantly, 
and not just for hockey. The 
Sports Council, the Sports min- 
ister and local cosncfls across 
tire country are all being cheerily 
lobbied by the Hockey Associ- 
ation, with the power of plastic 
constantly landed. 

The other priority is, natu- 
rally, to get mare people actually 
playing ~ the ymmger tire better. 
Cotton sahh “At my dab in 
Bedford, we had 60 kids between 
II and 16 wanting to take np the 
game after the World Cup. 
We’ve still got 45 of them.” 

The Hockey Association Is 
encouraging games teachers 
across the country to foster the 
sport. They are even aiming at 
primary schools, ami have been 
fuHrinfl to Sfazenger about 
developing a special hockey 
stick far children, one with a 
bigger area to hit tire ball wife, 
which will make the game easier 
to play and therefore more fun. 

“We also need players to stay 
in the game as coaches,” Cotton 
said. “Too often the pattern is 
feat when people stop playing, 
they give themselves up to 
fondly and work commitments. 
The more they stay involved, the 
better it is for us.” 

The game is awash with plans 
and fames. Keriy turned up at 
tire Britain Under-21 session to 
play for his duh. Southgate, hi a 
practice match in which he 
showed the lads a thing or two 
about finishing. “It Is good to see 
the way that the commercial side 
id things is now bring handled 
with real professionalism,” he 
said. “The players are really 
happy abort that." 


t'-S" - 


• ■*> 


! &+*+ 



Learning to cope 
with success 


Ah yes, professionalism, 
commercialism. I remember dar- 
ing tire World Cup, I was 


uurrwfttti v Blackpool 
TStttfC vBotton 
jry vWatedfl 
Bwport v Rotherham 
wk v Fuffiam 











TELEVISION AND RADIO 


Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


A two-night A to Z of apartheid 

TC Af A-a “ ■ 




• As an analysis of the one racial 
conflict that has world-wide reper- 

Revision’s 
Apartheid (ITV, 9.00pm and 
10.30pm, and tomonow night at 
the same times) is without 
precedent It. is, perhaps, of only 
academic interest that sever be- 
fore has a documentary straddled 
tiie News at Ten on two successive 
nights. The important thing is that 
far the first time, the curve of the 
South Africa crisis is being plotted 
chronologically, and the injus- 
tices, the repressions and the picas 
of justification and the snh stitu- 
lion of violence far negotation, are 
set out without ambiguity and 
with all the remorselessness and 
inevitability of a Greek tragedy. 1 
Tonight's two segments span the 
years between the slaughter of 
Zulus in the Battle of Blood River 
to the outlawing of the African 
‘National Congress and the in- 


C CHOICE ) 

induction of detention without 
Inal that was eup hemisticall y 
called social isolation. The inter- 
vening milestones - the Boer 
jf’ fifowth of the Afrikaner 
and African nationalist move* 
gents, Smuts, Verwoerd, Malan, 
segregation, Shaipevilie — receive 
much more than the customary, 
cursory glance. Tomorrow night, 
the focus shifts to the homelands, 
the splits that developed in the 
National Party after P W Botha's 
promises of reforms, and the 
generating of parent power. 

• On paper. Celebration of a 
Broadcaster (BBC2, 7.15pm) 
sounds most impressive —in all 
respects on occasion worthy of the 
radio and tdevion jour nalist it 
honours, Richard Dimbieby. It- 
remains to be seen whether the 


feast of music and the spoken 
word that will be broadcast live 
from Westminster Abbey succeeds 
in capturing the essence of the 
man whose own commentaries 
never failed to get die full measure 
of ceremonial occasions such as 
tonight's. 

• Also worth your attention to- 
night; the Hancock Half Hoar 
episode that had the comedian 
contemplating plastic surgery on 
his nose (BBC1, 8.00pm), and 
episode two of Peter Buctanan's 
adaptation of Vera Sackviile- 
West’s All Passion Spent (BBC2, 
9.00pm) in which Harry 
Andrews's FitzGeorge, a shadowy 
figure in episode one, is filled out 

considerably. 

• Radio offers a couple of mote 
than passably interesting docu- 
mentaries tonight that pnt music- 
making fl g yiingf j jgainct unusual 
backgrounds. Opera on the Road 


(Radio 4, 8.30pm) is Antony 
Hopkins's report on Pavilion Op- 
era who take Verdi, Mozart and 
Donizetti to stately homes and 
perform on a 12ft by 18ft carpet. 
No orchestra, just a piano — and a 
chorus only when it is absolutely 
impossible to do without one. I 
have heard for worse sin g in g at 
Covent Garden than from some of 
the principals we bear exercising 
their tonsils in Anne Hinds's 
charming feature— The Band 
(Radio 2, 9.00pm) completes An- 
gela Rippon’s engaging survey of 
those most versatile of military 
musicians, the Band of the Royal- 
Marines. Their duties on board 
the Royal Yacht Briiainnia, cli- 
maxing in the Queen’s visit to 
China, provide tonight’s business. 
The quality of the sound recording 
is quite exceptional 




“ n-&00 Wales To 
Computer Chalsnge. 
in Wtak Out 104)0-11.30 


Rm tank Ulster 6.35-7.00 
12JB-12.10MI News am weather. ENGLAND 
SJ0-7JW Regional news magwmes- 

BBC2 wales aatem-ass 

==== MMtertem. AS544M MenmL 
As London 


Peter Davalle Dr Malan: “Apartness” was his slogan: Apartheid, cm ITV, 9.00pm 


BBC1 


— jL ; 5 fi V F 


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BJJO Ceofax AM. 

620 News headlines followed by 
The Rmtstonos. (r) 455 
Weather. 

7410 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough, Safly Magnusson, and 
Jeremy Paxman. National and 
International news at 7.00. 

7 JO, 8.00 and 820; reglonaj 
news and traffic reports at 

7.15.725 and 3.15; weather at 

725. 725 and 825. 

8-40 Watchdog. Lynn Faukte Wood 
. . and John Stapleton investigate 
v the sort of Christmas fere to 
expect on the Welfare state 
BJSS Regional news and 
weather. 

920 News and weather 9.0S Day to 
Day. Robert Kilroy-Sflk charm a 
stutflo cfiscussion on a topical 
subject 9A5 Advice Shop. 
Margo MacDonald with the 
first of a week-tong series on 
fighting isolation 104)0 News 
and weather 104)5 


dvffian life In a small town, with 
the heto of a young widow. 
Directed by Edward Dmytryk 
3.40 Barney Beer. Cartoon. 


ITV/LONDON 


The Adventures of BuBwfnkle 
end Rocky. Part six. (r) 4J5 
Recant Breakers. A skipping 
record is attempted. 

54)0 Newsround 5.10 Grange HS. 

sas 

6.00 Six O’clock News with Sue 
Lawtey and Nicholas WHcheO. 
Weather. 

6-35 London Phis. 

74)0 TetfyAddtets. Last year’s 
champions, the Pains from 
Swindon, challenge this year's 
winners, the Reymsh family of 
Swansea. 

7 JO EaetEnders. Hannah ts 

worried that Kelvin has been 


1025 PMUp Schofield with 

children's television news, and 


out alt night (Ceefax) 

8410 Hancock's Half Hour* When a 
girt makes a disparaging 
remark about his nose, 
Hancock takes it to heart and 
- Ptesttesurgeon. (r) 
430 Tom O'Connor. The 

entertainer's guest this week Is 
Adrian Walsh. 

94)0 Nine O’clock News with Jufia 
SomerviBe and Andrew 
Harvey. Regional news and 
weather. 

030 FftiKHighpoint (1979) starring 
Richard Harris, Christopher 
Plummer, and Beverty 
D’Angelo. Comedy ttriHer 
about a man who takes the job 
of bodyguard to a beautiful 
woman and becomes involved 
with the CIA tee Mafia, and a 
missing $1 0 miffion. Directed 


the Wisp. 


1055 Sre to Eleven. Geoffrey 
Wheeler with a thought tor the 
day 114J0 News arm weather 
1 14)5 Something Staple Lira 
a ScakL A documentary about 
the the work done by the bums 
unit of the Birmingham 
Accident Hospital, (r) 11 JO 
Open Air. Viewers comment 
on television programme 
content (inducing news and 
weather at 12.00) 

1225 Domesday Detective. The last 
day of tee quarterfinals of the 
team quiz on tee subject of 
Britain 12.55 Regional news 
and weather. 

14)0 One O’clock News with 
Martyr) Lewis. Weather. 1.25 
Nelgnboivs. Mrs Forbes 
forgets to pass on some vital 
In f ormation 1-50 Stop-Go. (r) - 
24)0 Flm: TO the End of Time* 
(1946) starring Robert 
Mttchum, Guy Madison, and 
Dorothy McGuire. The story of . 
a former Gl trying to .adjust to 


• •' • .:< >Zi 


4J0 Floyd on Hsh. The last 
programme of the series and 
Kaitn Royd waxes lyrical about 
freshly-gathered cockles, and 
dedicates his fish soup to the 
fishermen of tee West Country. 

54)0 Domesday Det ecti v es . A 
repeat of tee progra mm e 
shown on BBC 1 at 1225. 

5J0 Tomorrow's World. Last 


by Peter Carter. 

114)0 Fwn 06 presented by Barry 
Norman. Among the films 
reviewed is Heartbreak Ridge, 
starring and tirected by CSnt 
Eastwood. There is also a 
preview of the New Year 
releases. 

11 JO Ideas UnflrattedLWBfiam 

Woollard investigates tee best 
company suggestion schemed. 

12.05 Weateet 

rvrv* 


Thmday’s edition which 
included news of high-tec ways 
Of improving vermouth. 

64)0 No Lta&e. Jenny and Tony 
explore London s East Bid. 

620 Cricket: Third Test Richie 
D enaud i ntr od u ces hlgtifigh ls 
of the final day's play. 

7.15 C el ebr ati on of a Broadc aste r. 
A celebration in words and 


I 


music of tee memory of 
Richard Dimbieby. live from 


v.J 

- 




. . JN 

. _ , j-; IJT 
. ■.■*!*! - : 



Andrews in episode two 
,9.00pm) 


Richard Dimbieby. live fron 
Westminster Abbey, In tee 
presence of Princess 


Anniversary of the 
Dimbieby Canc&r Fund, (see 
-Choice) 

8J0 Food and Drink Christmas 
Special Chris KaVy presents a 
seasonal quiz. WRh JB 
Goolden, Michael Smith, 
Michael Barry, and Qz Clarke. 

94)0 Al Passion Spent Part two of 
tee three-episode adaptation 
of Vita Sackvila-Wesr s novel, 
and Lady Stans is now in the 
comparative safety of 
Hampstead but an unexpected 
visitor arrives and disturbs her 
peace of mind. Starring Wendy 
Hitter, Harry Andrews, and 
Maurice Denham. (Ceefax) 

925 Richard Cta j rder ma n In 
London. The celebrated 
pianist's wests are Johnny 
Mathis and Henry Mandril 
10J5 NewsnrgW. The latest national 
and international news 
11.20 Weather. 


925 Thame* news heacSnes 

followed by C hristma s VBaga. 
Cartoon series about the 
village in which Father 
Christmas lives. 9J5 Strode 
Beneath the Sea. The unusual 
relationship between the 
ctownfteh and tee sea 
anenome. (r) 

10.00 FHm: Five Weeks in a Balloon 
(1962) starring Red Buttons, 
Barbara Eden, and Cedric 
Hardwicke. Adventure yam set 
in tee late 19th century, about 
a group of people charting 
unexplored East Africa by 
Dafloon. Directed by Irwin 
Allen. 11 js Cartoon Time 
1125 Star of Bethtehem. The 
scientific investigation into the 
nature of the Christmas Star 
continues. 

124)0 Tickle on the Turn, (r) 12.10 
Rainbow. Learning not to be 
greedy, with tee help of 
puppets and guest, John 
Styles. 1220 The SuBvans. 

Drama serial about an 

Australian family during the 
Forties. 

14)0 Newa at One write Leonard 
Parkin 120 Thames new*. 1 JO 
Sorrefl and Son. The final 
episode and Ktt, now a 
successful surgeon, wonders 
how he can repay his tether’s 
trust and devotion, (r) (Oracle) 

2J0 Deyfcns This 150th edition 
tea tires children and young 
people giving their views on 
tee most newsworthy 
programmes to have been 
shown on television during tee 
past year. Presented by Sarah 

Kennedy 34)0 Three Little 
Word* Spectelpresented by 
Ray Atan 3b25 Iriamee news 
headlines 3J0 The Young 
Doctors. 

400 The Giddy Gene Show 410 
The Telebugs 420 CJLB. The 
final episode. 445 Splash 
fodudes a fashion video tor 
party-goers, and The 
Housemartins. 

5.15 Blocfcbuatera. Genoa! 
knowledge game for 
teenagers, presented by Bob 
Hofness. • — _• 


5.45 News with Atestter Stewart 
64)0 Thames news. 

6J5 Crossroads. Stephen's latest 
misdeed leaves Diane 
devastated. 

7.00 Emmer da leFarm. An 
unexpected guest makes a 
startling revelation at Alan 
Turners party. 

720 George and Mildred. George 
has to raise some readies in a 
hurry and decides to sell 
something teat he knows 
Mfldred would not want to get 
rid of , so he deckles not to let 
her into the scheme. Starring 
Yootea Joyce and Brian 


84)0 Des O’Connor Live. 

94)0 Apartheid. Part one of a four- 
part documentary exploring 
the history of apartheid. This 
programme examines the 
growth of the conflicts 
between South Africa’s blacks 
and whites, Africaners and 
English-speaking settlers, (part 
two after the news) (see 
Choice) 

104)0 News at Ten with Atastair 
Burnet and Sandy Gall 
Weather followed by Thames 
news headlines. 

10JO Apartheid. Part two begins 



Kj 




ssm 


4 - ' : > 


r. . 

* *V 


over the government m 1 948. 
ushering in the mass removal 
of black Africans from cities 
and the categorization of every 
citizen by raoa. The SharpeviDe 
massacre of 1960 brought tee 
first damaging criticism of 
apartheid from the outside 
world, but Prime Minister 
Verwoerd remained unmoved 

and impri so ned all the main 

African poetical leaders, effing 
tee need to protect ’white 
dvflisation' 

1120 Hammer Houm of Horror. 
Growing Pates, starring 
Barbara Ketlerman ana Gary 
Bond. Selfish parents reap 
what they sow when thefr tove- 
starved son wreaks vengeance 
from beyo nd the yave. (r) 

1225 ,N)gfrt Tnoogtate. 


- . v ' - 


b.uu Hemmgton Steele. Remington 
and Laura are hired to fino tee 
missing twin sister of a jet- 
setting playgnt 
625 Mwun Buchstansm^ur. 
Cartoon adventures of an 
odious little character who 
Dves in a crack ir>a kitchen wall 
74)0 Channel * News with Peter 
Sissons and Beatrice Hoflyer. 

7 JO Comment with his views on a 
topical subject is Craig Brewin. 
chair of tee London Branch of 

the Football Supporters' 

Association. Weather. 

84)0 BrooksUe. Buy's bank- 



Lhii 



Doa MnrTay, Geaa Rowlands and Rob Lowe as tbe fruoQy in the 
TV film Thnradey’s Child (Channel 4, 9J00pm) 


Dorrowmq money on 
interest; BB Breckon reports 
on the preserving additive, 

- - Sulphur Dioxide; and David 
Stafford tastes the best in non- 
alcoholic drinks. 

9.00 Film: Thursday’s Chdd (1983) 
starring Rob Lowb. Gena 
Rowlands, and Don Murray. A 
made-for-teievisfon drama, 
based on Victoria Poole's non- 
fiction story of a 17-year ok) 
boy write a degenerative heart 
disease whose only hope of 
survival is a heart transplant 
Directed by David LoweR Rich. 
1020 The The Tube: Infected. A 
• shock pop video on Aids 




The, filmed in Peru, Bolivia, a 
New York brothel and England. 

11 AO Soap. Chester confesses to 
Jessica teat he didn't even 
know Jessica when ha slept 
write Mary. 

12.10 Their Lordships’ House. 
Highlights of tee day’s 
proceedings in the House of 
Lords. Ends at 1225. 


Presents the Guinness 
1225am Nmvs. 

YORKSHIRE SSsiSaagfta, 

BM in CHmMLS6 Hobo Story 112511* 

Cara Basis 12J0pm-UD0 Calendar LuncMJme 
live 120-120 Calendar News SJIMJX) A 
Country Practice &0O42S Calendar 1120 
F^ht Wght 1230am-«i» Music Box 
S4C 12.10pm Mr Drake’s Duck (1950) 

IAS tbwr Lordships’ Hcxse2A0 
Countdown 220 Irish AnaJo 320 T1» 



M 



K, : 


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! SONY/ 
SjerbA 





EVERY WINE from Montilla owes its delicate 
character and natural strength to the Solera system. 

This is the traditional and skilled method 
of marrying younger wines with older ones in 
order to achieve a continuity of style and L 
quality that can always be relied on.^^ 

Whether you prefer a chilled ||g|^ 

dry or a sweet dessert wine, they’re all 
great value. irLE? 

WINES FROM SPAIN. _ 

22 MANCHESTER SQUARE. LONDON WIN 




Countdown 220 Irish Angie 3-00 The 
Heart □( me Dragon 420 platabatam 4.15 Re- 
becca 420 Hatoc&OO Bewitched 520 
Basketball - Go 4 R1 820 Treasure Hum 7.00 
Newyddtan Sarth 720 Cefri Gwtad SJOO 
Baskatbafl - Go 4 m. News HaadBnes 9J0 
Bowen AM Banner 920 ArwvtkSon Ffyrtd 
1020 Gwyl Gorewt Cymni 86 1120 A Change 
Ol Mnd1220CtOsa. 


adio 4 


MFJinKfiURi wbv^. Stereo on 

News on the hour. Heecfflnes 
520am, 6J0, 720, 8J0. Cricket 
Third Test AistmSa v England, 
at 422am. 54)2. 64)2, 727,827. 
420am Coiri Beny 520 Ray 
Moore 7 JO Derek Jameson 9J0 
Ken Bruce 114)0 Jimmy Young 
14)50m David Jacobs 220 (Soria 
HunnHord 3J0 David Hamlton 
54)5 John Dunn 74M Bob Hoiness 
Presents (BBC Ratio 
Orchestra) 920 The Band. Angela 
RJppon on tee work of tee 
Royal Marine Band. 1020 The 
Name s The Game 1020 Back 
To Square One. {Chris Serie, 
Barbara Kefly. Les#e Thomas, 
Peter Motoney and StBBa Steafai) 
114)0 Brian Matthew 14X)aa 
ChertesNove 320408 A Little 
Night Music. 


WORLD SERVICE 



On long wave, (s) stereo on VHF 
5b55 Shipping 6410 News briefing; 

WMteer 410 Farming 
430 Today ind 624 7 JO. 
430.6.45 Business 
News 455, 725 Weather. 
720. 400 News. 720 
Your totters. 725. 425 
Sport. 725 Thought tor 
the Day. 435 Yesterday fr? 
Parliament. 

920 News 

925 Can Nick Ross 01-580 
441 1 ; A chance to ring 
tee experts and poficy- 
makars- 

1020 News; From Our Own 
Correspondent Ufa and 
poittes abroad 
1030 Morning Story: Dot tola 
To! and Trouble, by 
MchaalA.PeBraon.ThB 
reader is Timothy 


Theatre, and the Norwich 
Murals (r) 

54)0 PM: News magazine 520 


400 News; Financial report 
430 King Street Junior, 
starring Peter Davison 
and James Grout 
7.00 News 
74)5 The Archers 
720 File on 4: Current issues 
at home and abroad. 
400 Medicine Now: Geoff 
Watts reports on tee 
hearth of medical care. 
430 The Tuesday Feature: 
Opera . . . On tee Road. 
Presented by Antony 


fTI 6.1 L 







No4JnF 



1120 News; Travel T^tirty 
Minute Theatre; Seven 
Ten Sunday Morning, by 
Keith Wood. With Lee 
Whitlock. A day of dreams 
tor a young man alone In 
a South Coast bedsitter (s) 
1123 Times Remembered: tan 
Skidmore talks to Arthv 
McCann, retired Liverpool 
docker end reincarnated 
Roman Centurion. 

124)0 News; You and Yours: 

Consumer advice. 

1227 My Music Panel game, 
write Steve Race, John 
Amis, Denis Norden. Frank 
Muir, and Ian WaJtacefs) 
n « W ea ther 
120 The World At One 
1-40 The Archers. 

220 Woman's Hour, with 
Jermf Mwray. includes a 
report by Anne Taylor toto 
how the pattern of buying 
Christmas presents has 


And Patrida Hodge reads 
Efizabete Bowensaory 
TheNeedtecase. 

320 News; The Afternoon 
Play: The Making of 
Frankenstein, by Ray 
Hammond With 
Christian Rodska, Norman 
Eshtey and Natasha 
Pynd The infamous Monster 
in the ietovisianera (s) 

420 News 

425 Miss Norte's Obsession:’ 


travelier Marianne North who 


94X) In Touch: News for 
peo^e with a visual 

430 Underlie Bo Tree: Dr 
Ray Barron observes the 
role of the headaster as a 
respected "educated 
man" in a Sri Lankan vfflage. 

445 Kaleidoscope- Includes 

Items on Hereslss at The 
Ptt, and Directors’ Choice at 
the National Gallery. Also 
an interview with Barry 
Douglas 

1415 A Book At Bedtime: 
Christmas with the 
Savages, by Mary CUve 

1430 The World Tonight 

Presented by Alexander 
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TUESDAY DECEMBER 


THE TIMES 


First published fa* H85 



Sports 
Council 
takes on 
new role 

By Jobs Goodbody 


The Sports Council has 
increased its power, and be- 
come even more closely linked 
with the Government, by 
agreeing to take on a number 
of duties from the Department 
of die Environment. 

In future, the Sports Council 
will directly brief Mr Dick 
Tracey, tbe Sports Minister, 
rather than have its opinions 
filtered through the relevant 
division at the department. As 
a resnlt the Sports Council will 
deal directly with the Home 
Office on matters like football 
hooliganism and will contrib- 
ute to the Council of Europe at 
their regular meetings. 

Sebastian Coe, a vice-chair- 
man, pointed out yesterday 
that tbe Sports Council could 
in future be looking at matters 
like tbe relationship of the 
FootbaU League and the Foot- 
ball Association. It is a subtle 
move by both the Government 
and the Sports Council, the 
hill implications of which are 
not fully apparent. But it will 
greatly strengthen tbe range of 
the council's responsibilities. 

In the past Mr David Teas- 
dalg, an assistant secretary at 
the Department of the 
Environment, had attended 
council meetings as an asses- 
sor, acting as a go-between 
between tbe Minister and the 
Sports Council. But from 
January 2 he will be attached 
for 18 months to the Sports 
Council as a director of special 
projects. He will supervise its 
new responsibilities and will 
also examine the management 
of the six national sports 
centres. 

Mr John Wheatley, the 
coundTs director general, sees 
the new moves as a “clarifica- 
tion of the roles," but it clearly 
gnhunces the Sports Council’s 
role. 

Still at issue between tbe 
Government and tbe council is 
die grant of £36.9 million 
which has been allocated for 
1987-88. This is no increase 
on the grant for the present 
year. 

Mr John Smith, tbe chair- 
man of the Sports Council and 
of Liverpool Football Club, 
said yesterday that he had met 
Mr Nicholas Ridley, tbe Sec- 
retary of Safe for the Environ- 
ment, earlier this month. “We 
shall go on knocking at the 
door until it is opened. Sport is 
now employing more people in 
the country than the motor 
industry. It is also providing a 
creative outlet to many of the 
more disadvantaged in our 
society. Sport deserves better 
treatment and I shall do ail in 
my power to ensure that it gets 
it." 

Tbe Sports Council has also 
allocated £250,000 to support 
sports medicine and sports 
science in Britain. Mr Smith 
said: “This is also the first 
attempt at co-ordinating all 
the bodies in sports medicine 
and may eventually reduce the 
number of them." 


Bowlers shown 
up by pitch too 
true to be good 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Adelaide 

have covers for four, a stroke of famous filibuster, also when 


it seems as though we 
seen the best ofihe Third Test 
match which finishes here 
today. With seven wickets left 
Australia lead England by 141 
runs, and it will need a 
remarkable turn of events for 
either side to lose. 

In contrast to the previous 
day, there was now little 
attractive cricket. Rather than 
320 runs being made, only 188 
were. England spent from the 
start until mid-afternoon try- 
ing not to get out, and 
Australia from mid-afternoon 
until the close afraid to put 
their fortunes to the test 
In an ideal world England 
might have closed their first 
innings in the hope that 
Australia would respond with 
a sporting declaration today; 
but Test matches are not and 
never were, played like that 
A more plausible scenario 
might have been for Australia, 
batting again and one down in 
the series, to feel that a first 
innings lead of S9 was just 
enough of a buffer to ! 
encourage an adventurous ap- 
proach. But with England in 
no huny to bowl their overs 
and a wicket soon falling, that, 
too, was not to be. 

Paramount of course, in 
shaping the course of the game 
has been the pitch. It is too 
good to be true, or perhaps too 
true to be good. But even on 
an Adelaide featherbed, re- 
sults are obtainable if the 
bowling is up to it 
A vintage Australian attack, 
or the current West Indians, 
would no doubt have made 
something of it — Jones, for 
example, was out yesterday to 
a ball that flew at him — and 
Sleep is the type ofbowler who 
could have exploited the wear 
and tear of the last day hadhe 
had tiie runs and time to do it 
with. 

A bad morning yesterday 
could have committed Eng- 
land to an anxious final day. 
But they avoided one, thanks 
to Emburey as much as any- 
one. Having come in as night, 
watchman on Sunday, he was 
still there at lunch, having 
hardly lifted his bat out of the 
blockhole but property deter-' 
mined not to give his wicket 
away. 

He survived two chances, 
one when Dyer could have 
stumped him off Sleep, the 
other when Border, throwing 
himself forward from silly 
mid-off. might have caught 
him off Waugh. There being 
no question of England want- 
ing to press on to a declara- 
tion, Emburey played the right 
game for his side. 

Whitaker rather missed his 
chance; Had he played an 
innings, be would have staked 
a claim for a batting place 
ahead of Lamb, even when 
Botham returns (which he 
hopes to do for the Melbourne 
Test match starting on Boxing 
Day). 

He began by smashing the 
last ball of the first over, a long 
hop from Reid, through the 


great confidence. But in the 
end Reid got the better of him, 
bowling very well on a warm 
but humid morning and slant-' 
ing the ball from teg to off 
across the right hander’s body. 

Kept for half-an-hour be- 
fore making a second scoring 
stroke. Whitaker was then 
dropped at second slip, a 
difficult diving chance to Bor- 
der off Reid and caught at 
mid-off the next ball, choosing 
the wrong one to pull and mis- 
timing it- Whitaker was chas- 
ing by then. With another Test 
or two behind him he would 
not have been. 

England bad some work left 

Botham may play 
in Hobart 

Adelaide (Renter) — Ian 
Botham may be fit to play in 
England's next tour match 
against Tasmania In Hobart 

starting next Thursday, the 
manager, Peter Lush, said 
yesterday. 

Botham was farced to miss 
(he third Test match after 
ripping a muscle in the left 
side of his ribs daring the 
drawn second Test 
Lush said the toar selectors 
hoped Botham would he able 
to play as a batsman against 
Tasmania as a warm-up for 
the fourth Test match in 
Melbourne, starting on Box- 
ing Day. 

“Bat be looks imiOcety to 
bowl in either Hobart or 
Melbourne," he added. 

to do when Whitaker was out. 
With only four wickets left 
they were'still 1 53 runs behind 
and the day was only 40 
minutes spent. But Emburey, 
however marionettish in his 
movements, was enjoying the 
obduracy, while Richards,' 
needing less luck than anyone, 
played very decently until 15 
minutes after lunch. 

So, gradually, the draw be- 
came ever more probable. At 
lunch, England were 409 for 6, 
and they went on to pass 450 
in their first innings for the 
seventh successive Test match 
against Australia. 

If there was a silver lining 
for Australia it was in the 
bowling of Sleep, whom no 
one played with real con- 
fidence. It required no 
imagination to see that, given 
the chance. Sleep could have 
embarrassed England today, 
given the scope. 

I suppose it just could be 
that if they lay on the usual 
turning pitch at Sydney, Eng- 
land will have two leg spinners 
to contend with — Sleep and 
Holland — and that could be 
interesting. 

It was Sleep who had Rich- 
ards caogfat at backward 
square leg, mis-cuing a sweep. 
That was 422 for 7. At 439, 
Emburey, having batted for 
2% hours, was caught at the 
wicket off Reid. 

Adelaide, 40 years ago, was* 
the scene of Godfrey Evans’s 


England had a Test match to 
save. In partnership with 
Compton he batted for 97 
minutes before scoring. 

The last two wickets yes- 
terday were shared, de- 
servedly, between Reid and 
Sleep, Edmonds being caught 
at silly mid-off offbal and pad 
and DiJJey bowled by a swing- 
ing full cross. England had 
batted for 9 hours 35 minutes; 
and 21 hours after the match 
began, only 20 wickets had 
fallen. 

Required to bowl a mini- 
mum of only 37 overs in 2 
hours 40 minutes before the 
close of play, England took 
their time about it It is little 
short of disgraceful that the 
cricket boards of both coun- 
tries are p repared to settle for 
a piffling 90 overa in the day, 
when, if the sides had to bowl 
100, they easily could. 

With Australia soon losing 
Boon, given out to the third 
leg before appeal in three balls 
by DeFreitas, England's open- 
ing bowlers, especially 
DeFreitas, were moved to 
bowl much better than in 
Australia’s first innings 

When the spinners came on 
after 80 minutes (17 overs), 
Australia were 24 for 2L Dilley 
had got one to lift at Jones, 
who managed only fend it off 

to T amh r unning in from 

short square leg. With a storm 
threatening and the fight none 
too good, Australia were pre- 
occupied now with not losing 
4 another wicket Two or three 
'more and it would have been 
their turn to be in trouble. 

But Marsh has learnt a lot of 
the answers; Border . was very 
solid, and there were only 20 
minutes left when Marsh, 
playing too soon, gave Ed- 
monds a simple return catch. 
Tbe storm bad come to noth- 
ing and play ended in the 
warmest sunshine of the day. 

AUSTRALIA: HrattaDiRBa 51 4 tar 5 dee { 
D C Boon 103, D M Jones S3, S R Waugh 
79nMQirf,Gfwltaftiam73nMOiit l AR 
Border 70}. 


Second tatagi 
tabIWWn. 


DC Boon 
G ft Nnb c mtfb Edmond* 
DMJomeUnbhMqr 
*A R Bortta n pcoB t . 


G M RRcMontotd ... 
Extras (fc 3, nbl) 
Total (3 tads) 


. 41 
— ‘2 
.31 
_ 4 
-4 
.82 

FALL OF WICKETS: H, M. 3-77. 

BOWUNG TO DATE DBey 9-4-13-1; 
DtRetas 10-5-1G-1; Entarsy 9-2-28-0; 
Ed m o n ds 11-2*22-1. 

ENGLAME Fkst htangs 
B C Brood c KarshD Waogti — 
CWJAfiay fa Steep. 


IIS 


*K W^tamn^cjrg» b Steep — 100 


OHi^ws. 


AJI 

D I Gower tew b Md 
JEEsdany cDjrerbfteU 
’ re Matthew* 1 


14 


| J J WHtefcsr c MdthSHS fa Held . 
fCJ Rtctardec Jaws bSteep 
PA J DeFreitas not out ' 

P H Edmood* c B ordrr b 
GRDBeyfaRaid^^ 


Betas (fa 4, * 14, w 4, nfa4) ._2S 

Total 4S5 

FALL OF WtCKETSc 1-112, 2-273, 3-283, 
4-341. 5-341, *3*1. 7-422. S-4M. 5454, 
10-455. 

BOWUNG: Hsobm 30M2-1; Raid 21 4- 
554-4; Stoap 47-14-132-4; Matthews 25- 
1-102-0; Bonier 1-O-1-4*Waa0h 19-4-56- 

uioptae: A R Crafter and S G 



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ON CHRISTMAS EVE 
1986 

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‘i'i - 



BASKETBALL 

Bolton win at last to 
end a troubled week 

By Nicholas Harling 

In the week that the club’s services of their experienced 


franchise had been put up for 
sale and two players had gone 
on the transfer list, things 
finally look up for HomeSpare 
Bolton and Bury, the first 
division’s perennial whipping 
boys. 

Bolton receive another 
struggling dub Sunderland to- 
night, rejuvenated by 
Saturday’s 94-81 win over 
Calderdale Explorers, which 
was the Lancashire club’s first 
win of the season in the 
Carlsberg National League. It 
came after what their coach 
Roy Blake described as "a 
traumatic week". 

Doug Farnworth, Bolton’s 
chairman and owner of 
HomeSpare, the dub’s spon- 
sors, has sounded out football 
dubs within a 25-mile radius 
with a view to one of them 
taking over the franchise. “He 
is not looking to make a profit 
but be feels that the future of 
basketball is with a football 
club, the way Manchester 
United and Portsmouth have 
done it," explained his daugh- 
ter Jill who is Bolton’s sec- 
retary and commercial 
manager. 

She went on: “Father’s 
problem is that he feels guilty, 
for here we are, a dub with 
professional sportsmen yet we 
don’t even have a physio- 
therapist to treat them when 
they get injured, because the 
money isn’t there. They have 
to go down to Bolton Wander- 
ers to use their 
physiotherapist." 

HomeSpare, who have do- 
nated over £30,000 this sea- 
son, come to the end of their 
two-year contract in April by 
when, says JiU Farnworth, 
they hope to have the club’s 
future secured within the area. 

Unfortunately for Bolton, 
they seem to have lost tbe 


33-year-old dual national Bob 
Martin, who has gone on the 
transfer list because, according 
to Blake: “He doesn’t think he 
is getting enough court time, 
but I have got a lot of young 
players here and I have to give 
them time on court." Martin’! 
request to leave was followed 
by another from Mark Coo- 
per, Bolton’s 23-year-old Eng- 
lish player. . 

Terry Crosby, who followed 
last week’s season's best in- 
dividual tally of48 points with 
41 against. Calderdale, was 
Bolton's top scorer but al- 
though Kittles and Jordan also 
excelled, Blake insisted that 
the overdue success was a 
triumph for the team as a 
whole. 

No such luck for Sunder- 
land. They finished with only 
four players on court having 
had four of the eight they 
started with fouled out in the 
105-100 home defeat by 
Leicester. The departure of 
Saunders for an intentional 
foul proved decisive. Having 
sat out 10 minutes on four 
fouls, the American guard had 
relumed to reduce Leicester’s 
12-point lead to one with a 
flurry of three-pointers, before 
committing one foul too many 
on Young. 

“Being in charge of this 
team is like taking a walk in 
the Lake District," said Jim 
Brandon, Sunderland's new 
coach, “You just go up and 
down. It’s full of highs and 
lows." Lately, though, there 
seemed to have been too many 
lows for the comfort of Bran- 
don who added: “I’ve never 
been involved in. anything 
other than winning. I am used 
to being a winner and I'm 
finding difficulty in handling a - 
team which finishes losing as 
often as we do." 


^ ... 


One that got away: Whitaker edges a delivery from Reid Into the slips but Border's dive is in vain 


GOLF 

Morocco 
to stage 
PGA event 

By Mitchell Platts 

The race for places in 
Europe’s Ryder Cup team will 
be gin one month earlier than 
usual with the announcement 
of the new £165,000 Moroc- 
can Open to be played at 
Royal Golf Dar es Salam, 
Rabat, from March 19 to 22. 

Ken Schofield, the Exec- 
utive Director of the PGA 
European Tour, said: “This is 
a si gnifican t development in 
tbe expansion of the torn: it 
will start an extrem ely im- 
portant and exciting year. 

“Furthermore it shows once 
again the value of winning the 
Ryder Cup last year. It is clear 
for all to see that there is more 
cash, more events and more 
sponsors interested in backing 
golf" 

The championship, the first 
to cany Ryder Cup points in 
1987 is to be held under tbe 
auspices of the Royal Moroc- 
can Golf Federation with the 
tarhnirad assistance of the 
International Management 
Group and Golf European. 

The introduction of the 
Moroccan Open, to be played 
on an outstanding course 
which was designed by Robert 
Trent Jones and measnres 
7,500 yards at foil length, 
ensures that tbe European 
tour in 1987 will be worth a 
minimum of £7 million. 

- This figure could increase 
significantly. The Whyte and 
Mackay PGA Championship, 
which will be promoted for the 
first time in 1987 by the PGA 
European Tour Enterprises, 
now has an increased prize 
fund of £220,000 and the 
Jersey Open, brought forward 
to April 9 to 12 to make 
further room for expansion, is 
likely to be worth £100,000. 

George O’Grady, the 
managing director of the PGA 
European Tour Enterprises, 
said: “Increasing interest in 
the tour and the successes of 
its players has made the 
expansion of facilities for the 
golf public a matter of high 
priority. In promoting the 
PGA championship we are 
planning unproved facilities 
to include grand stand boxes 
for viewing the last geeen in 
comfort 

“We are naturally delighted 
to have this opportunity to 
promote a championship of 
such importance at Went- 
worth which, of course, is 
where our own headquarters 
are situated. It offers an 
exciting challenge to set new 
standards." . 

The PGA European Tour 
has already announced a sew 
German Masters Tour- 
nament, to be worth in the 
region of £200,000, and a 

similar tmi mamm t OH the 

continent is in tbe pipeline. 


Puma help 
for tennis 

Puma, the sports goods 
company, have announced a 
package amounting to almost 
£200.000 to support and 
encourage Britain’s young 
amateur tennis players. They 
are to sponsor the national 
dub championship, a com- 
petition which receives over 
1,000 entries a year, for the 
next three years and undo’ the 
new scheme six- promising 
youngsters from the top dubs 
in each of the men's and 
women’s divisions will be sent 
on residential courses under 
the guidance of Paul Hutch- 
ins. the national team man- 
ager, and his coaches. 

All change 

Peterborough United are 
expected to confirm the 
appointment of Mick Jones, 
’ the Halifex-Town manager, as 
their team manager today. 


FOOTBALL 


River Plate turn to 
the money circuit 


When River Plate, the club 
from Buenos .Aires, head for 
home today after their victory 
in tire Toyota Cup — tbe 
world dub championship — 
in Tokyo, it is safe to assume 
they win not give a drought to 
how their success highlights 
tbe current economic frustra- 
tions of the leading English 
dubs. 

First stop for the Argentines 
will be Los Angeles where they 
will collect S45JOOO (£31.500) 
for playing Guadalajara of 
Mexico. The Tokvo trip was 
worth 5200.000 (£140,000) 
arid Alzameadfs tone goal 
added another S40.000 
(£28,000) win-bonus to that. A 
couple of three-team tour- 
naments are scheduled for 
early next year, each with 
European involvement. Co- 
logne and Nantes head tbe 
queue of chosen guests at the 
moment. 

The strength of River's 
market value is less as world 
champions, and more as the 
leading dub in South Amer- 
ica. For winning the 
Libertadores Cup, the players 
picked up $45,000 each. For 
beating Sleaua Bucharest on 
Sunday, it was 55,000. 

River Plate do not have to 
worry about minor inconve- 
niences like league matches if 
a money-maker pops up in the 
next 12 months. They win 
field the reserve team, which 
is exactly what happened in 
the nixwup to tbe South 
American Cup, and explains 
why they are languishing in 
mid-table. 


By Gerry Harrison 


None of this solves the 
economic chaos of Argentine 
football, but it does help the 
major dubs to hold on to 
some of their best players for a 
little longer. The summer sale 
of their leading scorer, Enzo 
Francescoli, for 52.6 million 
(about £l.4m) to Racing Club, 
of Paris, was an offer they 
could not refuse though, and 
something Liverpool would 
understand. 

Meanwhile, the leading 
English clubs, who have never 
been aide to balance their 
bools on home produce alone, 
duck and dive in mid-week 
raids to the Middle East or to 
Hong Kong, if they are lucky, 
where the going rate is besL 
Nor do they have the luxury of 
the mid-winter break like the 
West Germans to do the 
business. 

So it was easy to sympathize 
with the losers in Tokyo. The 
Romanians, a cheerful if wary 
lot. had struck a hard bargain: 
5220,000 (£154,000) whatever 
the result. How much of that 
the players will see is anyone’s 
guess: 

Their first move after the 
e was to transfer everyone 
the hotel to the Roma- 
nian Embassy for two nights. 
There was nothing anti-social 
or anti-capitalist about this. It 
was pure economics. 

At least there is one more 
junket left for the European 
champions: The Supereup in 
Monaco takes place in Feb- 
ruary, and they play against 
Dynamo Kiev for prize- 
money of £160.000. this time 
in Swiss francs. 


Soilness is poised to 
make more signings 


No sooner had 
signed yet another newcomer 
from English football, NeD 
Woods from Doncaster 
Rovers,' than the supporters 
were yesterday starting a new 
guessing game over the name 
of the next arrival at Ibrox. 

Speculation began when 
Graeme Souness made it dear 
that an end to Rangers 
signings was not in right even 
though the arrival of Woods, a 
strapping forward aged 20, has 
brought tbe club’s outlay of 
players to nearly £1,800,000 
since the player-manager took 
over. 

Woods, whose fee was in the 
region of £100,000, flew out 
with his new team-mates for a 
break in Majorca stpl over- 
joyed at what he called his 
good fortune in joining Rang- 
ers. Although be has been 
interesting leading English 
dubs, including Liverpool, 


SPORT IN BRIEF 


By Hugh Taylor 

Rangers Everton, 



Pearce: blocked 

No contest 

David Pearce, the former 
British .heavyweight cham- 
pion, who has been out of the 
ring for neatly three years 
since a brain scan revealed a 
congenita] abnormality, has 
had been banned by Torfaen 
Borough Council. He was due 
to meet Lorenzo Boyd, of the 
United States, at tbe Ponty- 
pool Leisure Centre on Friday. 
Pearce’s camp say the contest 
win now take place at the Parc 
Club in Trede^r. 


and Manchester 
United, be said: “I - just 
couldn't turn down the 
opportunity of joining 
Rangers." 

Now the supporters are 
expecting that an ‘even bigger 
name than that of Woods, 
unknown in Scotland and said 
by Souness to be a player for 
tbe future, will arrive shortly 
at Ibrox. No dues, however, 
were being handed out 
yesterday. 

Tbe announcement that 
Rangers had signed their fifth 
player from English football 
brought a sour response from 
the followers of Celtic, who 
are muttering that it is high 
time tbe League leaders went 
into the transfer market for a 
defender. 

Although they have lost 
only 14 goals in the Premier 
Division, the defence still 
comes in for criticism. 


Gardner tops 

Wayne Gardner, runner-up 
in the 1986 world 500cc 
motorcycle championship, 
has been named top rider in 
the British-based Rothmans 
Honda team for the 1987 
competition. The Aust ralian 
winner of three Grands Prix 
last season, will be supported 
.by Shunji Yaisushiro, of Ja- 
pan, and Britain’s Roger 
Burnett. 

Le Roux dates 

Garth le Roux, the South 
African fist bowler who has 
been with Sussex for eight 
years, is to have two testimo- 
nial 1 undies arranged for him 
by club’s supporters 

Safety first 

Mkldlesbrough, the third 
division leaders, expect to 
have 7 their 3,000-seat east 
stand opened for the FA Cup 
third round tie against Preston 
on January 10- Contractors 
are working to bring the stand 
up to safely standards. 


SNOOKER 

Hearn’s 
men to 
be absent 

By Sydney Friskin 

The BCE Belgian Classic, in 
which the world's top 16 
players were to take part by 
arrangement with the World 
Professional Billiards and 
Snooker Association 
fWPBSA), will go ahead at 
Ostend from March 7 to 15 
without any of Barry Hearn's 
Matchroom professionals, 
wbo have been withdrawn by 
him mainly because of the 
clash of dates with the new 
Rothmans Math room League 
to which afl seven of his 
players are committed. 

Hearn's case is that he 
received from the WPBSA the 
dates for the Belgian event, 
which was held in January last 
season, only 10 days before 
the launching of the 
Matchroom League, the dates 
for which were fixed several 
months earlier. His request for 
the Belgian Classic to be 
terminated two days earlier 
than March IS next year was 
turned down by Belgian tele- 
vision who, according to 
Hearn, entered into negotia- 
tion with with WPBSA with- 
out making sure about the 
availability of all 16 players. 

The WPBSA Board, of 
which Hearn is a member, are 
expected to replace the seven 
Matchroom professionals for 
the Belgian Classic by others 
lower down in the ranking list 
— John Parrott John Camp- . 
bell, John Virgo, Eugene 
Hughes, David Taylor and 
two “wild cards”, "probably 
Stephen Hendry, the Scottish 
champion, aged 17 and Tony 
Drago of Malta. 

The Matchroom team will 
during the period of the 
Belgian Classic tour tbe Mid- 
dle East visiting Muscat and 
Bahrain. Their proposed visit 
to Peking has been postponed 
until August next year. 

SQUASH RACKETS 

Eccentrics 
convert to 
expertise 

By Colin McQuillan 

The arrival of Martin 
Bodimeade and Paul Carter in 
the finals of the London Evening 
Standard British Doubles 
Squash Championships at Can- 
nons Club. London, signals 
more emphatically even than a 
second women's final appear- 
ance by Lisa Opie. the national 
singles champion, with Fiona 
Geaves, the growing respectabil- 
ity of the doubles game. 

For years double squash was 
viewed as an eccentric pastime 
indulged only by a privileged 
few with access to an authentic 
doubles court, wider and longer 
than the standard squash court, 
or inebriated club players look- 
ing for a laughable knockabout. 

Bodimeade and Carter are not 
the sort to bother with laughable 
squash. They are young pro- 
fessionals, respectively from 
Berkshire and Hertfordshire, 
who have engineered places for 
themselves among the nation's 
top ten singles players through 
hard work and application. 

There were very few privi- 
leges on offer in the commercial 
club environment which 
spawned these two young racket 
men and it is doubtful if .either 
has even seen a genuine doubles 
court. 

■Hieir opponents. Jon Cornish 
and Darren Mabbs, are old 
hands at the doubles game. It 
may be no coincidence that this 
sophisticated partnership halls 
Avon. There is rumoured 
to be a private doubles court 
hidden somwhere in the West 
roumiy. The only officially 
c Jtohsh doubles court is in 
bdinburgb, although most 
American clubs boast at least 
one. 

first experience of 
me doubles game was in last 
8 British Championshrp- 
when she and Miss Geaves lost 
tU Her opponents are ' 

the^wright sisters. Debbie and 


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