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.. THE 

Trading boom 
hints at cuts 
in income tax 

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Macabre search in the snow 

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By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

- J^ e £ ovcn JJ“®“ 1 IS teadmg £56 million last month, after 
for a big undershoot on its only £29 million in October 
borrowing tins year. which The financial markets had 
could give the Chancellor expected a figure of between 
iJjJJJPff? bas,c rate of £750 million and£l bilUon for 
income lax by 3 pence m the last month. 

po^uuhel^h Budget For ihe fa eigh, months of 

1 ne undershoot is emerging the present financial year the 
because the consumer boom is PSBR was £5.7 billion, com- 
generaung a sharp increase in pared with £6 billion in the 

tax revenues. VAT and other corresponding period of last 
Customs and Excise receipts year. 

jumped £800 million to a 
record £4.4 billion last month. 

Government spending is 
increasing only slowly, but tax 
revenues are buoyant, in line 
with strong earnings growth, 
healthy corporate profits and 
the high street sales boom. 

Official data on industrial 
output, released yesterday, 
shows that industry is be- 
latedly catching up with the 
strength of spending in the 
economy. Manufacturing out- 
put rose by 0.3 per cent in 
October to its highest level 
since February 1980. In the 
August-October period it rose 
by 1 .3 per cent on the previous 
three months. 

Figures published yesterday 
showed that the public sector 
borrowing requirement 
(PSBR) — the amount the 
Government borrows to meet 
the difference between state 
spending and taxation — at 

But borrowing in the 
remaining months of the 
financial year will be reduced 
by the £2 billion proceeds of 
the first payment on British 
Gas shares, plus other priva- 
tization receipts, incl uding 
British Airways. 

As a result, borrowing looks 
likely to run below last year's 

income tax by 3 or 4 pence in 
the pound. 

The retail sales boom is 
bringing in record VAT pay- 
ments. So far this year. Cus- 
toms and Excise receipts, 
including VAT. are running 
£2.8 billion or 11 per cent 
higher than a year ago. The 
Treasury had expected only an 
8 per cent rise. 

The healthy fiscal picture 
emerging for this year will 
considerably free the Chan- 
cellor’s hands in die Budget. 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor, has set himself a 
large! of reducing the basic 
rate of income tax from the 
present 29 pence to 25 pence 
in the pound, although he 
recently told a Commons 
Committee this goal was un- 
likely to be achieved in the 
next Budget 

The borrowing undershoot 
gives the Chancellor the 

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Return to the moon The hunched figure, fourth from the left, flanked by detectives is believed to be Mvra Hindley (Photograph: Tim BishoD) 

*w ■■■■ 1 — — — — 

Saudi Arabia is to cut its ,,kel y 10 achjeved in the 
output as part of the efforts by “OrtBudgeL 
the Organizatioa erf Petrotemn . The borrowing undershoot 
Exporting Countries to boost gives *e Chancellor the 
the price of oil P*ee23 opportunity to move some of 

- ■■ — this year's privatization pro- 

£5.8 billion, with some City ceeds into the 1987-88 finan- 
econoraists suggesting a figure rial year, adding to the 
as low as £4 billion. The credibility of the 
official target for the PSBR Government’s economic pol- 

this year is £7 billion. 

icy during the election period. 

The Chancellor is a very J? particular; £750 million 
lucky man indeed on the fiscal loans . to BiTtish Gas, due to 
front,” said Mr David Owra 

of Kleinwort Grieveson, the 
investment bouse. 

"Spending is under control 

near the end of this financial 
year, can instead be taken in 
the next financial year. 

Mr David Wileman, of 

to lose 
of job s 

By Jonathan Miller 

and revenues are very, very Capd-Cure Myers, thTstock- 
buoyant, he said. broker, expects Mr Lawson to 

Kleinwort Grieveson pro- use thi« device to allow a cut 
diets a PSBR of £4 billion to in the basic rate of tax by 3 
£5 billion and tax cuts of £3 pence in the pound, as well as 
billion to £4 billion — enough additional spending on em- 
: to reduce the basic rate of ployment measures. 

Britain pulls off an 
EEC quotas coup 

: . F/oa SkhaidOaeB, Brnsseb : 

With only two weeks to ran beef lay in compensation and 
of the British presidency of the pension arrangeme n ts for 
EEC, "rtrara yesteru^ con- farmers whose output will foil 
founded gloomy predictions or who may even go out of 
and pulled off a coup by business. The dairy 

Agricultural Policy”. 

additional 1 per cent coming 

Sir Geoffrey praised Mir from a tightening-up of the 
icfaael Jopiing, the Agri- EEC super levy on surplus 

Michael Jopiing, the Agri- EEC super levy 1 
culture Minister, who after output. A further 2 Vi? per cent 
seven days of almost continu- cut will follow in 19887 
ous talks secured agreement Intervention — ti 

ous talks secured agreement Intervention — that is, guar- 
on cuts in both dairy and beef anteed purchase by the EEC — 
output, including a total 9 Vz ofslrimmed milk is suspended 

Media-Correspondent and pulled off a ooup try business. The dairy 
The Daily Telegraph com- ^ieving what a delighted Sir retains the existing 2 per cent 
panv announced last night kieonrey Howe, Foreign cut in quotas agreed in April 
that it was seeking hundreds of ?®cretary, called The rnost and adds a 4 per cent quota 
additional redundancies when important measure or retorm suspension to take effect from 
it moves editorial and bust- ever achieved m the Common April next year, with an 
ness operations to the Isle of Agieultural Pobcy”. ^ additional 1 per cent coming 
Dogs, east London, next year praised Mr from a tightening-up of the 

and introduces direct input of Jopiing, toe Agn- EEC super levy on surplus 

editorial copy by journalists. culture Minister, who after output A further 2% per cent 

Redundancy terms offered s™ of cominu- cut wfll follow in 19887 
to staff would be withdrawn ous ™*s secu red a greement Intervention — that is, guar- 

unless the company received oncu * s ® dairy and. be« anteed purchase by the EEC — 
full co-operation and continu- out P ut ’ including a total 9% of skimmed milk is suspended 

iiy of production, said Mr ^ wo v^ ^ ° U * P “ t ~ "! 

Andrew_Knight, chief «ec- 0 ’^S^jf r ^j [e a ^ EECmomtams lg 

publishes The^nSk Tel* w “ ttr 

Knight refused to sav a 1 _ a P fl 5 ma 5L in market stability”. But in a 

how mauy staff would be "SSSEffjJSEw fidt” XTZ 

acknowied^d* 1 that nu^- S^odMor^Sd comroissioo proposal for sus- 

ber was substantial. ^ U ”S=° n ^ *£ 

Compositors, who are m^y pilfolls ahead reviewed if America, Australia 

members of the National But they acknowledge that ^ New Zealand firil to 
Graphical Assoaarion, are ex- the cuts, which have until now fflodi fv, ^ poK- 
pected I to be hard hit. Few. of repeatedly eluded form min- ctes and put EEC exports at 
The Telegraphs 400 NGA isters. were a major acine- 

per cent cut in dairy output 1 — ■ ■ ■ 

oyer two years. EEC mountains 18 

This will take a million 

tonnes of xnfik out of firodnp- for winter months, provided 

tion in the EEC and lead to the 
slaughter of 2 million cattle as 
a start is finally made in 
slashing the food mountains. 

EEC officials said the CAP 

toe commission takes "ade- 
quate measures to maintain 
market stability”. But in a 
major qualification the min- 
isters railed to adopt a 

reform package was hedged commission proposal for sus- 
about with conditions and pension intervention for but- 
quahficauons, and there were ttr The package will be 
many pitfalls ahead. reviewed if America, Australia 

But they acknowledge that ^ New Zealand firil to 
the cuts, which have_ un til now modify their own feim poH- 

The Telegraph's 400 NGA 
compositors are expected to 
be retained after the news- 
paper moves to the new 
editorial and business 

Mr Knight said redundancy 
payments would be equal to 
four weeks of pay for every 
year of service. 

If toe unions did not co- 
operate or if their members 
disrupted production, the 
newspaper would be unable to 
offer payments above the 

Continued tu page 2, col 5 

— c &old— 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
won yesterday by Mr T. 
Phillips of Streatham, 
London. Details, page 3. 

• Portfolio list, page 
29; how to play, 
information service, 
page 22. 

Tory selected 

Mr Paul Leighton, aged 35, 
a newsreader on BBC 2. has 
been adopted as Conservative 
prospective parliamentary 
candidate for Derby South. 

Home News 2-5 taw S*a°n 33 

Overseas 7-14 jJ 

Appts 21.26 Utters 
Arts SS Obituary 20 

Birtfedeafes ^“® eot J 

marriages 21 Propeflt 
Business 23-29 Sale Boon. 20 
rwt ■» Science ** 

SS? 20 Sport »-36^ 

CitBworfslWl ** 

Dian 18 TV & Radio 37 

Features 16-18 Wearier 22 

vemenL They inchide a 6 per 
cent cut in dairy quotas over 
two years. 

Mr John Sehvyn Gununer, 
the junior Agriculture Min- 
ister, speaking for Britain, said 
the measures were a major 
breakthrough which at last 
gave the EEC a basis for 
reducing the food mountains. 

Mr Jopiing described the 
meeting as an historic and epic 
one which had taken radical 
steps of the kind which had 
been needed for a long time. 
EEC foreign ministers, who 
like toe farm ministers have 
been holding their final ses- 
sion under the British presi- 
dency. urged toe US to extend 
by one month its end-of-year 
deadline for retaliation agmnst 
Europe in the looming form 

trade war over an alleged drop 
in American food expprts to 
toe enlarged EEC 

The key to yesterday’s 
agreement on both milk and 


The form ministers made 
no mention of disposal of 
existing food stocks, which is 
to be the subject of further 
talks. Instead, they con- 
CoatiuBed on page 22, col I 



Woi&rf* 1 L« j — ■ 

\ , -a } 

: Hindley 

: is flown 

back to 
the moor 

By Ian Smith 

Myra Hindley returned to 
the scene of her crimes for 
seven hours yesterday to guide 
police to the locations of more 
victims’ graves before being 
returned to her prison celL 
After spending a day on 
bleak Saddlewortb Moor with 
Hindley, Del Chief Supt Peter 
Topping, who is leading toe 
search, declared himself “not 
unhappy” about valuable 
information supplied about 
the search operation. 

A massive security opera- 
tion involving armed police- 
men was mounted and the 
area sealed off around 
Saddteworth Moor for 10 
hours as Hindley walked the 
.moms which die and former 
lover I an Brady turned into an 
1 horrific JtMngground - ‘- 
Police were hopeful she 
would lead them to where 
Keith Bdmett. aged 12, and 

Photographs . 16 

Pauline Reade. aged 16, have 
remained undiscovered for 
the past 22 years. A renewed 
search for their bodies started 
on November 20 and almost 
immediately Home Office 
permission was sought to have 
Hindley taken to the moor 
Hindley left Cookham 
Wood Prison in Rochester, 
Kent, at 5.52am, sandwiched 
between two police officers 
and a black scarf covering 
most of her face. She was 
driven to West Mailing airport 
and transferred to a Sikorsky 
helicopter for the flight to 

More than 200 officers, 
i including members of the 
police tactical aid group 
armed with rifles, sealed off 
the A635 road through toe 
moor. At 8.47am the heli- 
copter landed on the road and 
from her window seat Hindley 
could see the spot on HoUin 
Brow Knoll where the body of 
Lesley Ann Downey, aged 10, 
was found and just 350 yards 
on the other side of the road 
the grave in which John 
Kilbride ^aged 12, was buried. 

Dressed in weatherproof 
overalls Hindley was bustled 
into a police car and driven to 
police mobile headquarters set 
up two miles further down toe 
road to meet Det Chief Supt 

After spending over an hour 
in toe police patrol transporter 
studying maps and pictures of 
the area Hindley was driven 
back to where toe new search ! 
has been centred. 

While Hindley walked the 
moor, head bowed against 
driving rain and heavy winds, 
she was watched by police 
marksmen spread out at spe- J 
rial vantage points around the , 
search area. , 

Only after Home Office | 
officials were convinced sec- 
urity arrangements were ade- 

Cofltmaed on page 22, col 3 , 

Navy could lose £500m 
on frigate computer 

By Michael Evans, Whitehall Correspondent 

As a Cabinet committee of opportunity” had opened company sources said they 
Prep? 1 ® 5 . tod?y !° write off up, and it was essential that were not “too alarmed” and 
nearly £1 bUlion in taxpayers the Type 23 frigates should be hoped to beat their new rivals 
money with toe cancellation equipped with the latest to win the contract for a 

of toe Nimrod project, the technology. 

Ministry of De fence faces the Ministry sources said that 
possibility of losing another even if Ferranti did not win 
£500 miDion over a computer the contract again, the 
project for the Royal Navy. company's research and 
GEC, the company in- development wort would be a 
volved in the Nimrod dispute, “useful baseline”, and toe 
is one of 19 firms which is to experience gained would be 
bid for a multi-million pound “invaluable”, 
contract for the command and The ministry would not 

were not “too alarmed” and 
hoped to beat their new rivals 
to win the contract for a 
second time. 

They said that one of the 
reasons for the change of heart 
was that there bad been delays 
in ordering and building the 
Type 23 frigates. 

Ferranti said that its CACS1 
computer, fitted to HMS 
Boxer, HMS Brave and HMS 
Beaver, the Type 22 frigates. 

contract for the command and The ministry would not Beaver the Tvoe 22 frigates, 
control computer system for provide any figures but in- was world ne well CAPS^anH 

mgaies, awarded to Fenann the research and development advances in techooloev and 
Computer Systems more than work for Ferranti's CACS4 CACS5 was being deveioped 
a year ago. (command and control sys- for the third batch of Tvoe 22 

The ministry has set aside tem) computer for the Type 23 
the deal with Ferranti, of frigates could be about 
Bracknell, Berkshire, which £500 million. The comput- 
employs 2.000 people, and has eroed equipment interco- 

asfced.thenj and otbey com- nnects the frog: 
panies to rcopeiLlhe bidding, weapons' and 
The reason £iven is that data system. 

control sys- fo r foe third batch of Type 22 
r the Type 23 frigates. 

be about The 19 companies involved 
he comput- f D foe new tendering, which 
:nt interco- include the Marconi Com- 
tes-.-sensois, - _pany. part of GEC. Plessey 
coprniand an ^ Thorn EML were sun*- 
moned to the Ministry of 

processing technology has ira- The production contract for Defence for a Royal Navy 
provrfdmMtoBYMcelhe five CACS4 computer sys- on (Cffi 

research part of the contract terns, announced in Septem- 2 8 

SLSLrr* - 31111081 b ^r taSt ^ W S W F tfi£i7 Ferranti fears that one of its 
seven yeaisago. .million. Although the mm- biggest rivals will be the 

f 3 * **** d 5 clSI I on was an un- consortium, Racal 

yesterday that a new window expected blow for Ferranti, Gresham, which succeeded in 

-m # winning the contract for the 

Thatcher reiects was? sr* *3JE 

• powered submarine. 

_ _ 'll In announcing its contract 

IxTC inquiry call ssss 

B, Robin OaJcIe?, Political Bditor JSSSSSSSKa 

yesterday that “a new window expected blow for Ferranti, 

Thatcher rejects 
GEC inquiry call 

By Robin Oakley, Political Editor ffiSdSpSB?* H wJSd 

The Prime Minister has hushed when Mr Prior rose to be able to “accommodate 
finally turned down last make his final plea on the future requirements”. The 
minute appeals from Mr company's behalf. While he ministry spokesman said no 
James Prior, the chairman of too agreed that defence in- derision had been taken on 
GEC and Mr Neil Kmnock, terests had to come first, Mr the future of the Ferranti 
Leader of toe Opposition, for Prior complained that there CACS equipment, 
an independent inquiry into had been “unfortunate” leaks 1 1 11 ■ 1 '■ 

the relative merits of the GEC from the Defence Ministry 

Nimrod and Boeing Awacs which had given the im- 

airborne early warning pression that GECs system 
systems. did not work and could not be 

The Cabinet’ s defence and made to work within three 
overseas policy committee years of the stipulated date. 

Leader of toe Opposition, for 
an independent inquiry into 
the relative merits or the GEC 

Two US 

From Michael Binyon 
Was hingto n 

Senator Daniel Inouye, a 
Democrat from Hawaii, was 
yesterday named to head the 
special committee that will 
investigate the Iran affair, as 
Mr Donald Regan, the White 
House Chief of Staff, gave 
secret testimony in the Senate 
and two National Security 
Council (NSC) officials resign- 

Mr Howard Teicher, the 
senior adviser for political and 
military afiairs, resigned for 
personal reasons, the While 
House said. He was in the 
same section as Lieutenant- 
Colonel Oliver North, the 
dismissed NSC military ad- 
viser, but the White House 
said he was not Colonel 
North’s immediate superior. 

Mr Rodney McDanieL the 
Executive Secret ary of the 
NSC. also resigned, 

Mr Teicher was due 10 
testify yesterday. He was 
called to appear before 
congressional investigators 
last week, but refusal 10 
answer questions because he 
wanted more time to prepare. 

Mr Larry S peakes, the 
White House spokesman, 
hinted that Mr Teicher’s 
resignation was linked to toe 
appointment of Mr Frank 
Carlucci as the new National 
Security Adviser. Mr Carlucci, 
said to be shocked by toe 
mediocrity at the NSC. has 
made it clear be will “dean 
house”, and has announced 
several new appointments. 

President Reagan yesterday 
called on Senate investigators 

Continued on page 22, col 2 

the relative merits of the GEC 
Nimrod and Boeing Awacs 
airborne early warning 

The Cabinet’s defence and 
overseas policy committee 
will today make its decision 
between the two systems, and 
its verdict will be endorsed by 
die fuD Cabinet tomorrow. 
There was no doubt in min- 
isterial minds last night that 
the decision will be in favour 
of toe American-built Boring 
system, which was over- 
whelmingly backed a fortnight 
ago by the Defence Ministry's 
equipment policy committee . 

Mr George Younger. Sec- 
retary of State for Defence, 
will make a statement on the 
Government’s choice to MPs 
tomorrow afternoon. 

With £960 million of tax- 
payers money already spent 
on the Nimrod system. Min- 
isters are anticipating a furi- 
ous Opposition ops t a ught 
Tory MPs have been put on a 
three-line whip in anticipation 
of the Labour Party being 
granted an emergency debate. 

In toe Commons yetferday 
Mrs Thatcher said again and 
again that defence interests 
had to be paramount in the 
Government’s derision. 

The highly charged ex- 
changes in the Commons were 

Ministers’ £65 billion rates blunder 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 

The Government is to bring 

introduced into the Commons 
today or tomorrow and rushed 
through to legalize retrospec- 
tively toe settlements of tire 
past six years and put the 

in emergency lepslation to p^ing 1987-88 award on to 

correct a £65 billion blunder fo^ng. 

which has meant that it has die- 

been operating toe rate sup- 
port gram system illegally for 
the past six years. 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, Sec- 
retary of State for toe Environ- 
ment. was given a roasting by 
a gleeful opposition yesterday 
as he disclosed to the Com- 
mons that the way the 

Government has been 
calculating how much each 
local authority receives under 
the formula is unlawful 

A 17-clause Bill is to be 

a legal footing. 

The Government's dis- 
comfort was compounded last 
night when it was disclosed by 

embarrassment . on the 
Government benches, came to 
light within the department in 
October. The advice of Sir 
Michael Havers, the Attorney 
General, was sought and he 
quickly confirmed that the 
Government had been operat- 
ing illegally. 

Sir Michael was on the 

government officials that the Government front bench as 
error occurred because in 1980 Mr Ridley faced charges of 
when toe legislation governing government incompetence, 
the present system was ineptitude and inefficiency. 

brought in the Government 
ignored the advice of legal 
advisers and accepted opinion 
offered on behalf of toe local 
authority associations. 

The bungle, which was caus- 
ing deep and obvious 

The mistake centres on toe 
definlion of “relevant and 
total expenditure” which has 
been used to decide levels of 
gram authorities receive. 

Since 1980 contributions 
from housing revenue ac- 

counts and other special funds 
to the rate fund revenue 
account have been treated as 
income reducing relevant and 
total expenditure. 

But Mr Ridley admitted, 
that approach does not corre- 
spond to the statute. Legal 
advice had made dear that the 
department's treatment of 
expenditure “was incorrect in 

Transfers between funds 
and accounts within the rate j 
fond are not expenditure, he 
said. Expenditure takes place 
only when an authority has 
liabilities “in the outside 
world” and meets those from 
toe general rate fund. 

Parliament 4 

Spectrum 16 

This, he said, was “very . 
damaging” for the company. ^ 

Mrs Thatcher refused his 
request that GEC should be 
allowed to see the technical 
assessment made by Defence 

Ministry experts who are call- 
ing for toe Boeing system to be 
purchased. With the Defence 
Select Committee set to in- 
quire into toe Nimrod/Awacs 
controversy, it is also expected 
to call for sight of that 
assessment and the Govern- 
ment may face an awkward 
decision later about whether 
to release the document 

Mrs Thatcher did, however, 
satisfy some of those who 
have been prepared to back 
the Nimrod case by going out 
of her way to express the 
Government's confidence in 
GEC as a company, pointing 
out that h had won £800 mil- 
lion worth of Defence Min- 
istry contracts in the past year. 

Libya out ‘to 
make trouble’ 
in Caribbean 

The United States has 
intelligence information that 
Libya is actively intervening 
in the Caribbean and Suri- 
nam, Mr Elliott Abrams, toe 
Assistant Secretary of Stale for 
Latin American Affairs, said 
at a briefing for foreign 
correspondents on Monday 
(Michael Binyon writes from 

The Times reported yes- 
terday that at least 100 Libyan 
troops were in Surinam. 

Mr Abrams said the Libyan 
aim in Surinam was “to make 
trouble”, and called this a 
“negative factor” in US-Suri- 
nam relations. 





He's probably dong bis best, of course, he just isn't 
playing 0 Yamaha upright piano. 

If he were, you'd be hearing something quite 
diffeient. Because Kfamaha craftsmen have been making 
superb upright pianos far nearly a century, using only 
the finest seasoned woods, ond giving mebuikius 
attention Id every detail 

So that when you sit down to play a Yamaha 
upright piano, you w9 have a responsive, even touch 
and a pure, ridi sound at your command. 

It is an achievement which is being noticed more 
and more as Ybmaha upright pianos continue to find 
their way into the world's mote dtsmnwoting homes. 

An oidinary piano is simply a means to an ordinary 
end. But if the piano is a Yamaha upright, the end result 
is always sheer delight ~ in playing ... and listening. 


For hitter information contact Yarata fianct. Mount Avenue, 
Bterdfcf. Miton fepws JK! IE « ptent 0508-71771: 



Longer jail term 
for solvent seller 

Th e first shopkeeper jailed in England for selling 
sweats to a teenage boy, who later died after a mammoth 
saiffisg session, not only lost his appeal against die 
conviction yesterday bat also had his prison sentence 
increased by a month. 

Chamhakant Patel, aged 35, a newsagent in Southwark, 
south London, had appealed against his conviction for 
supplying Lee KeadaJL, aged 14, of Bermondsey, with 

'■ two charges, die first to be brought successfully trader the 
©85 Supply of Intoxicating Substances Act and was jailed 
for three months. 

Although the Inner London Crown Coart accepted that 
■ the tiiinaers bought from Patel were not the direct cause of 
the teenager's death. Judge Sfaradkr said die defendant 
• plainly knew that Lee was a hpy of only 14 and pointed out 
that the newsagent had been prepared to accept the boy's 
old radio and tape recorder as barter payment 
PateL from Southall, had denied both charges. 

Tie-break Visits to 

in chess homes up 

In die final round of the 
Klemwort Grieveson Brit- 
ish Chess Championship 
play-off, Jon Speefanan, 
the current champion, won 
a hand fought game against 
Jonathan MesteL, allowing 
him to catch Murray Chan- 

Speefanan and Chandler 
will play two gjunes today 
in which they mO have half 
an hour each to complete 
the game. The tie-breaker 
begins at 230pm in room 
100 of the Great Eastern 
Hotel, Liverpool Street, 
London. The winner will 
receive £2,000. 

A sharp and unexpected 
increase In the numbers of 
visitors to privately owned 
historic houses and gar- 
dens was reported yes- 
terday by the Historic 
Houses Association. 

The average increase 
was 115 per cent, in spite 
of some of the best known 
attractions experiencing a 
fell in the number of vis- 
itors from the United 

Some smaller houses and 
gardens, which do not rely 
on overseas tourists, had a 
particularly good summer, 
despite pom weather. 

Murders cash plea 

The Home Office is giving “argent” consideration to 
requests for £250.000 to computerize three child murder in- 
quiries after an appeal last week from six chief constables. 

Police from West Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire, 
Leicestershire, Northumbria, Lothian and Borders, and 
Staffordshire want to transfer information from their 
present computers and manual indexes to Holmes (Home 
Office Large Major Inquiry System) to establish whether 
a single person killed Susan Maxwell, aged 11, Caroline 
Hogg, aged five, and Sarah Harper, aged 10. 



Denny Lame, aged 42, 
the pop musician, told fee 
London Bankruptcy Court 
yesterday that he was paid 
£135,000 by McCartney 
Productions for the remain- 
der of his share of the hit 
song The Matt of Kintyre, 
which he had written with 
Paul McCartney, after he 
left the group Wings in 

He disputed 120,000 of 
his £7<L035 alleged debts 
. and estimated that the 

claims a gains t him will 

amount at £56,035, of 
which about £53,000 was 
for income tax. He said 
that he had no assets. 



‘Share shops’ failure 

The City Investment Centre, which first brought “share 
shops” to high streets, was wound op in the High Court 
yesterday on the application of the Government 
Mr Justice Mervya-Daries granted the order to the 
Department of Trade and Industry on the grounds that the 
company was “hopelessly insolvent”. 

He said die company accounts were “seriously 
inadequate”, but it was apparent from then that it was 
insolvent to the extent of possibly £1,204,000- A 
provisional liquidator had been appointed after complaints. 

Industry plans 
offensive on 

on MPs to be 

Labour policy investigated 

A £500,000 campaign 
against the Labour Party- is 
being planned for the new year 
by Aims of Industry, the free 
enterprise pressure group (Our 
Political Correspondent 

The national offensive, 
timed to coincide with the run 
up to the general election, will 
be paid for by big business and 
clash with Labour's attempts 
to highlight the Government’s 
alleged lack of credibility. 

Aims oflndustry says “De- 
spite the veneer of moderation 
painted on by present Labour 
leaders, the party has never 
been so left 

“We are feced with the 
policies of large-scale na- 
tionalization; the destruction 
of trade union legislation that 
has reduced industrial an- 
archy and protected trade I 
unionists; an assault on sav- 
ings and pensions; a soaring 
rise in taxation, a return to 
inflation; a reduction in 
investment in Britain by over- 
seas companies; the control of 
business by Liverpooi-styfe 
and GLC-style local 

Mr Michael Ivens, director 
of Aims oflndustry, which ran 
a similar campaign in 1983, 
said yesterday: “We feel La- 
bour policies are very dan- 
gerous to free enterprise.” 


Baker orders Brent to drop McGoldrick case 

By John Clare 
Education Correspondent 

Mr Kenneth Baker, Sec- 
retary of Stale for Education 
and Science, in what he de- 
scribed as the “very unusual 
use of a severe power”, yes- 
terday ordered Brent council 
not to take any further 
proceedings against Miss 
Maureen McGoldrick, the 
head teacher accused of hav- 
ing made a racist remark. 

Mr Baker told the council 
that under Section 68 of the 
1944 Education Act be was 
satisfied, “that no reasonable 
authority, having regard to all 

the circumstances of the case, drick had suffered enough, 
would decide to impose any “She was suspended for a 
further disciplinary pbialty on number of months and has 
Miss McGoldrick, even if the been subjected to a great deal 
allegation against her were to of stress, I think it would be 
be substantiated”. unreasonable to continue to 

Mr Baker said in a state- pursue the matter,, 
menu “1 warn to emphasize Mr Baker said that before 
that my action in no way deciding to issue the directive, 
condones, let alone defends, he had to take very great care 
racial disc riminati on. But I to give Brent every opportu- 
cannot help reflecting that nity to justify its action. If 
when so-called anti-racism they do not accept my raree- 
shows that disregard for jus- non I will seek to enforce 
tice and tolerance which it compliance in the courts ... I 
purports to fight, ft defeats its be happy to meet any 
own purpose.” legal challenge from Brent.” 

He believed Miss McGol- he said. 

equality policies” . Sfee de- 
scribed Ids action as an At- 
tack on a borough with a \nrgc 
black population'’. 

On Monday, Miss McGol- 
drick won a High Court 
injunction preventing Brent 
from proceeding with a diso- 
plinarv hearing until her 
application for a judicial re- 
view of its actions had been 

at Sudbury Infants Schotd. 

She was suspended on July ib. bgij eve the local authority will 
On 26. tf.e school proc^.^discipUaafy 

decided unani- hearing.” Agreeing, Lord Jus- 

eovemors aeciucu 
mously that there was no 
evidence to substantiate the 
allegation. Bui she was not 
reinstated until November 5. 

after winning the backing of point of being oppressive. 

to run 
jail remand 

IRA blast hits hundreds of homes 


By Shelia Gum, Political Staff 


The Government is ex- 
pected to announce the setting 
up of privately-run remand 
centres next year to relieve the 
pressure on overcrowded pris- 

The proposal is for security 
firms, under licence to the 
Home Office, to be paid an 
allowance for each remand 
prisoner ; with strict guidelines 
on security, care and accom- 
modation. The centres will 
probably be Government- 
owned and leased. 

The Commons home affairs 
select committee is due to 
report in March on an in- 
vestigation into the prison 
service. It is expected to warn 
of the dangers of crowding 
prisoners into cramped and 
often insanitary cells. 

Most committee members 
are likely to support the idea 
of “privatized” prisons, after 
their autumn trip to a variety 
of prisons, state and privatefy- 
run. in the United States. 

However they will be op- 
posed by the Prison Officers’ 
Association and Labour MPs. 

Lord Glenarthur, the for- 
mer Home Office Minister 
with responsibility for the 
prison services, was ready to 
follow in lbe committee's 
footsteps but, with his cases 
packed, was shuffled to the 
Scottish Office. 

His successor. Lord Caith- 
ness, who is known to be 

The main attraction of 
“privatized” centres is to take 
away the burden of housing 
prisoners awaiting trial or 
sentence, who make up more 
than one in five of the present 
prison population, from state 
prisons. Ministers also hope ft 
will lead to a more cost- 
effective service. 

ff the “privatized” remand 
centres are successful, the 
Government is keen to hand 
over to private firms the 
running of other prisons for 
specific groups, such as 
women, young people or those 
with drug or dnnk problems. 

A precedent was set when a 
security firm was brought in 
this autumn to stop uncleared 
immigrants absconding from 

At the end of October, the 
prison population stood at 
47,321, of which 10,220 were 
untried or awaiting sentence. 
This compares with the av- 
erage prison population is 
1975 of 39,820, of which 4,509 
were untried or unsentenced. 


Prison accommodation was 
built to house 4 1 ,000 inmates, 
although 16 new prisons are 
planned for the 1990s. 

From April I three pilot 
schemes will be run in Avon 
and Somerset, Kent and the 
West Midlands to limit the 
time a prisoner can be kept in 

By Richard Ford 

Firemen damping down the 
ruins of a police station in 
south Belfast whkb was the 
target of an IRA bomb Mast 
that damage d hundreds of 
homes and businesses 

The cost of the damage to 
property surrounding Lisburn 
Road police station is expected 
to run info millions of pounds 
after the terrorists carried out 
their first large-scale bombing 
in the city for more than a 

Yesterday workmen were 
carrying out temporary repairs 
to properties in the rows of 

terrace houses surrounding 
the station where roofs, win- 
dows and structure were badly 
damaged in the blast. Inside 
file rains of the police station a 
fire was stiH raging. The 
device, containing several hun* 
dred pounds of explosives, was 
driven to the s ta tion on a 
hijacked school has by a man 
whose family were befog held 
hostage by te rrorists in west 

Shortly after midnigfal he 
jumped from the vehicle and 
shouted a wanting to officers 
a t the station, telling them 
they had 20 minutes before the 
bomb was primed to explode. 
.4s the police cleared the 

streets and began moving res- 
idents from their homes, the 
derice exploded. 

Glass and debris was hurled 
several hundred yards and up 
to 700 homes and business 
premises were damaged in a 
Mast heard 10 miles away. 
The front of the RUC station, 
the target, was Mown out to 
leave a burning shelL 

Sir John Heimon, chief 
constable of the RUG, said 
after visiting the scene: “It 
shows the utter desperation of 
file Provisional IRA trying to 
accommodate their political 
stance with their terrorist 
stance.” The attack had 
caused devastation to homes in 

the run-up to Christmas, be 

The Provisional IRA 
claimed responsibility for file 
attack, which came less than 
24 hours after file RUC had 
given a warning that the 
terrorists would mount a 
Christmas bombing offensive 
in the province. 

The discovery of explosives 
and bomb-making equipment 
on both sides of the bonder had 
convinced officers that the 
terrorists were preparing a 
series of bombings to prove to 
their hardliners that the mili- 
tary campaign was not being 
downgraded in preference for 

enthusiastic about privately- custody awaiting trial Ibis is 
managed prisons, plans to aimed at cutting the number 

Telegraph Boeing partner to 
printers raid GEC for staff 

examine the US system next of people kept m custody, as 
year with a top prison gov- well as speeding up their cases. 

lose jobs 

By Ronald Faux, Employment Affairs Correspondent 

plan put 
to Nato 

ernor after receiving 
committee's report. 

the and is likely to be adopted 
nationally eventually. 

Hospitals to tighten 
guard on prisoners 

By Our Home Affairs Correspondent 

New instructions have been category. He was being held 
given to prison governors to on a charge of attempted 

tighten up methods of guard- murder and while in prison 
ing top security prisoners had proved difficult and 

taken to outside hospitals. subversive. He had twice as- 

This comes after an inquiry sauited an officer. He was also 
by Sir James Hennessy, Chief regarded by the police as 

Inspector of Prisons, into the violent and likely to escape.” 
escape of Alan Knowlden Knowlrien was able to take 

Paddington, last April. 

Mary’s Hospital advantage of his transfer to St 

Mary’s Hospital to inform his 

Three or four aimed men family and friends, and 
wearing balaclava-style hd- through them his accomplices. 

The Speaker of the House of 
Commons agreed last night to 
look into new allegations of 
MPs’ telephones being tapped 
(Our Political Correspondent 

His decision came after Mr 
Andrew Faulds, Labour MP 
for Wartey East, quoted from 
a letter which gave derails of 
, how special eavesdropping 
equipment was installed when 
the Whitehall telephone sys- 
tem was recently modernized. 

The MP said that the letter 
had “most disturbing 

“The writer makes very 
specific technical statements 
about the means of intercept- 
ing telephone calls made by 
Honourable Members. He 
states the location of the 
building which houses this 
massive equipment. 

“The writer claims all these 
installations were mounted a 
few weeks after MPs received 
push-button rather than dial 

Mr Bernard WeatheriU, the 
Speaker, told MPs he would i 
look into the matter 

In a Commons written an- 
swer Iasi week, Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher repeated the state- 
ments of previous Prime Min- 
isters to confirm that the 
Government did not intercept 
MPs communications. 

mets attacked prison staff and of his exact location in the 
escaped with the prisoner, hospital and how and by 

who has not been recaptured, whom he was befog guarded. 


The report said that prison 

manded to Wormwood So- instructions were designed to 
rubs prison, west London, ensure that transfers to public 

charged with two attempts of hospitals were made only as a 
murder and had been re- lust resort “In the case of 

moved to the hospital for a Knowlden, the instructions 
nose operation. Sir James raid were not followed.” 

the escape represented, “a Mr Douglas Hurd, Hume 
grave breach of prison Secretary, has accepted Sir 

James's remmmpndahnnt 

security” James s recommendations. 

was a dangerous prisoner with Jden ^ inspect- of 
a long foslory who had been prisons: Stationery Office: 

placed in the top security £A. ioj. 

Continued from page 1 
statutory minimum of one 
week’s pay for every year of 
service, he said. 

The future of The Daily 
Telegraph was still in the 
balance and losses were in 
danger of increasing again as 
the company faced increased 
competition. Mr Knight said 

The company lost £2 mil- 
lion in the six-month period 
that ended on September 30. 

Terms offered to the anions 
will broadly minor those of- 
fered to printers when The 
Daily Telegraph began 
production at its new £75 
million East End plant in 
September, and include a 
requirement for binding 

The move of printing opera- 
tions resulted in 970 redun- 
dancies out of a London 
printing workforce of 1,630. 

Mr Knight raid that the 
move of the pre-press opera- 
tions of the newspaper would 
be accompanied by the in- 
stallation of an US-made Alex 
computer system. 

Journalists are being offered 
a 5 per cent pay rise plus 
£1,250 a year for reporters and 
£2250 for sub-editors, with an 
additional 4 per cent increase 
when the company had com- 
pleted its restructuring pro- 
gramme, Mr Knight said. 

Headhunters from Plessey, 
partners with Boeing in their 
bid for the £700 million air- 
borne radar defence contract, 
are preparing to recruit the 
cream of GEC technicians and 
electronics specialists. 

11 as expected, the Boeing 
Awacs is preferred by the 
Government over the British 
Nimrod system developed by 
GEC a team from Plessey will 
move into a hotel near to the 
GEC base at Boreham Wood, 
Hertforshire, on Thursday 
when the announcement is 
due to be made to test interest 
among workers at the rival 

Mr Michael Whiteman, 
managing director of Plessey 
Avionics, said yesterday that 
skilled technicians were al- 
ready in short supply. The 
new contract would be bound 
to compound that shortage. 

Plessey has an immediate 
need for 80 engineers to carry 
out existing orders and 
development work and a team 
of about 100 engineers would 
be built up to develop a dual 
band radar system that will 
follow on from the existing 
airborne early warning sched- 
ule after 1995. 

“I understand that this may 
seem opportunistic. If GEC 
are in a state of shock after 
losing the contract our team 
will cany a message that there 

is life after GEC", Mr 
Whiteman said. 

.Altogether 163 British com- 
panies have cooperated with 
Boeing on conventional con- 
tracts m the past, including the 
big names in British engineer- 
ing and high technology. The 
Awacs contract will mean 
50,000 man years of employ- 
ment for British industry dur- 
ing the eight year building 
programme with a peak of 
about 8.000 jobs spread over 
about 100 companies. 

The Plessey team will in- 
clude a personnel executive 
and a small number of en- 
gineers. They will be looking 
for technicians with a degree , 
in science or engineering. 

It is almost certain that 
GEC itself wffl benefit from i 
the a Boeing victory since the , 
two companies have enjoyed a i 
long history of co-operation. 1 
GEC is currently bidding, in 1 
competition with Bendix, to 
build a flight control system 
for the Boeing fenjet airliner 
which is doe to appear in 1992. 

Boeing has identified more 
than 250 British firms prob- 
ably capable of contributing to 
the Awacs programme and 
plans to observe the 
Government’s request that as 
much work as possible should 
be given to companies based 
in areas of high 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 

Government orders probe into community care 

By JD1 Sherman 

chairman of the NHS manage- 

Ttae Government has asked meat board, will tackle many 
Sir Roy Griffiths, the Prime of the issues raised by the 

Minister’s adviser 

commission, including 

health service, to undertake a anomaly whereby social sco- 

re view of community care. urrty benefits are encouraging 

The announcement comes people to go into residential 
after a report by the Audit care when they may be better 

Services, said that community 
care, which involved keeping 
people out of hospital, was a 
key element in the 
Government’s strategy for the 
health service, so dal services 
and social security. - 

is operating sensibly and Yesterday Mr 
fairly.” Banham, bead of the 

One of Sir Roy’s main lasts Co mmi ssion, welcome* 
would be to see how the cost of Go. vern meat's speedy 
residential care and other actlon to his report. 

Yesterday Mr John 
Banham, bead of the Audit 
Commission, welcomed the 

Commission accused the 
Government of wasting the 

off in their own homes. 

He will also assess whether 

£6 billion spent on care for the funds c handled through the 
mentally HI, the mentally health service, social services 

handicapped and the elderly, and social security provide 
The commission said an ur- value for money and meet 

gent review was needed other- 
wise those groups would be 

individual needs. 

Announcing the 12-month 

left without care and at serious review in the Commons yes- 

terday, Mr Norman Fowler, 

Sir Roy. who is also deputy Secretary of State fra Social 

It was important that the 
social security system was 
sensitive to individual 
requirements. “But it is 
equally inportant that the 
system should operate natu- 
rally and not distort individ- 
ual choice. Given the sharp 
rise in expenditure on residen- 
tial care in recent years, we 
need to see whether the system 

group accommodation com- 
pared to that of care at home, 
Mr Fowler said. The audit 
report showed that the cost of 
caring for frail elderly women 
could vary from £97 to £294 a 
week, depending on the type 
of care. 

Mr Fowler emphasized that 
there was considerable vari- 
ation in the way funds were 
managed is different parts of 
the country. 

But Mind, the mental health 
association, which has ac- 
tively campaigned to improve 
community care, feared that 
the review could be a cost 
cutting exercise. 

“We welcome any move 
which will ensure that 
community care would be 
provided more effectively. But 
we would be concerned if this 

way iunos were we would be concerned if this 
different parts of sort of exercise resulted in less 
money being made available. 

The French government led 
the way yesterday as several 
Nato countries voiced 
reservations about Labour’s 
unilateral defence policy. 

Vicomte Luc de la Bane 
Nanteuil, the French ambas- 
sador in Britain, was among 
the representatives of 14 Nato 
countries briefed at the Com- 
mons by Mr Denis Healey, the 
shadow Foreign Secretary, on 
the new defence statement. 
Modem Britain in a Modem 
i World, which was published 
last week. 

Mr Healey feced searching 
questions from most envoys, 
including Mr Charles Price, 
the United States ambassador, 
about the nature of consulta- 
tions Labour would undertake 
with the Nato allies before . 
requiring the removal of 
American bases from Britain. 

The ambassadors agreed . 
not to make public statements 
about the meeting, which was 
held at Labour’s invitation, • 
but one of them disclosed later 
that the majority had shown 
by their comments their con- - 
cern about Labour’s policy. 

But it was the French 
ambassador’s statement that 
the British deterrent should 
not only not be got rid of, but 
be modernized and updated, 
that caused some wry com- 
ment among Labour sources 

His criticism of uni- 
lateralism was said to square 
strangely with the decision of . 
the French in the 1960s to pull - 
out of the military wing of 
Nato and, unilaterally, to 
force Nato to move its head- 
quarters out of Paris. 

A statement after the meet- 
ing said that Mr Healey had 
reiterated Mr Kinnock’s 
commitment to thorough 
consultation with aD the Nato ' 
allies and said that a Labour 
government would take its 
final decisions in the light of.' 
those consultations. 

Mr Healey said that he felt a ' 
“better understanding of 
Labour's policies” had been * 
achieved through the meeting- 


1 i : 

.he New Year, the High Court. »wo wcucs 
Miss Meite Amory teder he thoughuhal laier. the derision °r"‘ 

of the council, said she was Mr Baker saio turned bv the Court of Appeal- 

d^appofoted that Mr Baker action would now fell away. ^ ^ Brent did 

should ba>e “bowed to point- The allegation against Miss mve the right to bold a 
cal pressure within bis o** McGoldrick, which she has disciplinary hearing,, even 
party” and so prevented Brent denied, is that she told though Miss McGofdnck had 

from “carrying out goad a official she did not been cleared by her governors. 

mor ? 5 ?ack Giving judgement, the Mas- 

scnTred his action » an/^t at s u dbury Infants SchooL terofthe Rolls sakk “I cannot 

tice Nichols said: “Some of 
the authority's recent treat- 
ment of Miss McGoldrick has 
been unhappy almost to tire 





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Irrational’ fears on 
transplants pose 
a threat to patients 

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The hyes of many thou- 
sands of patients are being 
jeapanlized by “irrational and 
unfounded" allegations about 
the conduct of transplant 
teams, the president of the 
Royal Collie of Physicians 
said yesterday. 

Sir Raymond Hoffenbui^ 
said that such allegations 
could lead to a severe cut-back 
in the public response to the 
need for donor organs to save 
adults and children who 
would otherwise die. 

launch an investigation into 
tne ethical isssues of grafting 
anencephalic babies' organs 
into other infants bom with 
life-threatening conditions. 

.Surgeons at Harefidd Hos- 
pital. west London, recently 
earned out such a heart trans- 
plant, believed to be the first 
of its kind in Britain. The 
recipient, a baby aged 17 
weeks, died two days after the 

W *° <*«?*» coincided 

anc^-fonn«l working party ^SdaS^SSS^ “ 
"ff. H* “Many tKSfcS- eriev- 

medical ethics of taking donor 
hearts and other organs from 
newborn anencephalic 

infan ts 

Such children, bom without 
a brain, inevitably die either 
during birth or shortly after- 
wards, he said. But recent 
publicity' about their role in 
transplant operations cast un- 
pleasant doubts over the 
whole question of such 

The Department of Health 
has asked Sir Raymond to 

potential organ donors. 

. “Many thousands of griev- 
ing relatives will no doubt 
have been deeply troubled by 
such ill-informed co mm ents 
and many more may have 
second thoughts about agree- 
ing to transplants," Sir Ray- 
mond said. 

“The public must be re- 
assured that there is no ques- 
tion of doctors or surgeons 
placing the survival of any 
patient second to the possibil- 
ity of that patient's organs 
being used after death for 

Law chief attacks 
BBC reporting 

Lord Lane, the Lord Chief criticized the BBC Rough 
Ji^tce, yestaday accused the Justice programme for “om- 
BBC of deliberately attacking rageotis” investigation metb- 

tbe integrity of the c riminal 
justice system. 

After di smissing an ap pea l 
by Mrs Margaret Uvesey, a 
mother of three, who is serv- 
ing a life sentence for the 

ods involving the case of Mr 
John Mycock, who was jailed 
for five yean for robbery with 
violence. Doubts raised by the 
programme helped to malm 
his conviction “unsatisfac- 

murderof her son. Lord Lane tor jT and Lord Lane fined 
replied to criticism over the bun immediately. 

reporting of the appeal on the 
BBC2 Out of Court pro- 
gramme last week. 

Sitting with Mr Justice 

The judges ruled yesterday 
that Mrs Uvesey, aged 50, 
must serve a life sentence im- 
posed at Preston Crown Court 

McGowan and Mr Justice in 1979 for the murder of her 
Simon Brown, Lord Lane said son, Alan, who was aged 14. 

^^Stbeconclusidn Sg. ■ *.**■» “<P 

it consisted of a deliberate SSr?eS^ 
attack on the integrity and mier retracted. 

reliability of the criminal jus- Lane saw 

tice system of this country," sufficient evidence 
Lord Lane said. to decide that she 

He said they accepted that w « have oonsidt 
there was nothing to stop the n ^ atIei ? ® n ?. we 2,11 
BBC or anyone else from Y^ w that fh* 5 
mounting siidi an attack. “But 111 any way ims a tisi 
the programme was based on a He said that t 

series of false assumptions and idence; some of i 
inaccuracies of feet One Rough Justice p 
would have thought one was had not helped stn 
entitled to expect something case. “The more 
more responsible than this which was adduce* 
from the British Broadcasting the row® we he 
Corporation." ymced that the vo 

Last December Lord Lane jury was correct,” I 

Lord Lane said there was 
sufficient evidence for the jury 
to deride that she was ginhy. 
“We have considered a U the 
matters and we are not of the 
view that this conviction was 
in any way unsatisfactory.” 

He said that further ev- 
idence, some of it from the 
Rough Justice programme, 
had not helped strengthen her 
case. “The more evidence 
which was a d duced before us, 
the more we became con- 
vinced that the verdict of the 
jury was correct,” he said. 

“There is no possibility of 
; organs being taken from a 
patient who is still alive. This 
is an outmoded and idio- 
syncratic view held by a very 
small minority. We will not 
allow the need for organs, 
however urgent, to influence 
normal medical judgement of 
the condition of a living 

Sir Raymond is also chair- 
man of the Conference of 
Medical Royal Colleges and 
their Faculties, which in 1976 
published criteria for 
determining death in patients 
from whom organs might be 

In spite of regular reviews of 
the criteria, there was “not a 
shred of evidence” to suggest 
(he guidelines should be 
amended, Sir Raymond said. 

More than 1,000 cases in 
whom brain-death had been 
established had been followed 
up, showing that the heart 
stopped beating in all cases, in 
spite of continued measures to 
prolong life- 

Now men 
are living 
longer, too 

By JH1 Sherman 

Men are tiring longer and 
the fife expectancy gap be- 
tween toe sexes is dosog, 

(ion pietisms from to?0£ 
fice of Population Censuses 
and Surveys (OPCS). 

By 2025 men are likely to 
five until an average age of 75, 
three years more than the 
present average life expec- 
tancy. Women, who bow five 
an average of 77 years and 10 
months, can expect te live as 
average of oaJty two extra 
years. , 

The projections have 
changed from 1983, when both 
sexes were expected to show a , 
wniihr increase in fife expec- 
tancy. The censuses office j 
attributes the change to a < 
decrease in male deaths from , 
diseases such as bog cancer. , 
The fall is not reflected ia j 
women, whose reluctance to 1 
give up smoking has resulted , 
ia a slurp rise in hmg cancer. 

However the Increase may- <j 
be shortlived. The new figures / 
assume a fester decrease hi 
mortality rates in the first c 
years or fee 40-year period, t 
and a slower fen ia later years, a 
It seems unwise to assume r 
that the deefiue in mortality a 
rates can be maintained c 



• srgj&j 

Mr John Aspinafl, owner of Hbwletts and Port Lympne zoos, Kbnt, with a bronze fey wafiam Timym, the sculptor, of a male 
g oril la and its daughter. They are among items from Mr Aspinall’s mflertinn of wild Kfe art faring CThihifari attheG niMhall 
Art Gallery, London, until Friday, In aid of Sumatran rhinoceros conservation (Photographs Chris Harris). 

Aids in Ireland 

Government defies church 

Prison for couple who 
scalded girl in bath 

Kennington, south London, 
had denied causing grievous 
bodily harm with intent and 

gut at an earlier hearing at 
Southwark Crown Court in 
south London, a jury found 
them guilty of grevious bodily 
harm, without intent, and 
guilty of the neglect charge. 
The couple had been re- 
manded in custody for reports 
prior to sentencing. 

A mother who plunged her skill of those at the hospital 
daughter aged two into a your child would have died, 
scalding hath because she By the time they finally took 
messed her pants was jailed the youngster to hospital, 
for six and a half years doctors said she had only 10 or 
yesterday. 15 minutes to live. “That was 

The woman’s former boy- a pretty cold-blooded thing to 
friend was also jailed for six do,” Judge Paiba said, 
years for his part in inflicting Humphries, a heating en- 
45 per cent bums on the child, gineer, and Gregory, both c 
who is now scarred for life. Kennington Lane 

Linda Gregory and Derek Kennington, south London 
Humphries delayed taking the had denied c au s in g grievou 
girl to hospital for more than bodily harm with intent am 
an hour and a half while they negiecL 
plotted to make it look like an But at an earlier hearing a 
accident Southwark Crown Court ii 

Judge Paiba said it was one south London, a jury foam 
of the worst cases of inflicting them guilty of grevious bodih 
grievous bodily harm that he harm, without intent an* 
p had ever come across. guilty of the neglect charge 

He told Gregory, aged 23, The couple had been re 
and Humphries, aged 22: “Ifit manded in custody for report 
wasn’t for the devotion and prior to sentencing. 

Postwoman Police sus 

kept saucy ‘waste’ i 
seaside cards . 


they woo l^n^rapfoc, was ^ a Hell's An- 

jailed by magistrates at ™gn . __ . comolete waste of 
Wywmbe, Buckinghamshire, 0^ money ^r com^ 

SKStenky- f told the High Court yesterday. 

Margaret Kenny, aged 21, ot Mikkdsen diM in bos- 

Micklefidd Road, High Wyo- pita j i j u j y last year, shortly 
ombe, kept the posmaras a straggle during his 

showing topless beach beau- arrest in Bedfont, west 
lies in her own bedroom. London, in which he was hit 
When die was questioned 00 ^ bead with a truncheon, 
about the missing mail she Eight officers of the Metro- 

admitted opening other pack- pofitan Police are involved m 
ages “because Z am nosy”. the attempt, in the High 
The magistrates sentenced Court, to have the “unlawful 

her to seven days in prison for killing” verdict of March 27 

not delivering the three post- 

cards and for opening 19 

postal packages. Kenny, who I flflfCIl 
admitted the two charges, 

Warned her actions on pro- Bv David Cross 

menstrual tension. By Da vfo cross 

Mr Roger .Williams, for the The future of what ts prob- 

pnosecution, said that Kenny ably the most imrailfiraat 

was questioned and her home artefact given to the Omrch of 

was searched. “In her bed- England tiitf century shmdd 

rl in darn 2001 and 533 nuffiM in 2025. 
11 The age structure is ex- 

skill of those at the hospital pected te shift significantly to 
your child would have died, reflect the growing number of 
By the time they finally to** elderly people. Between 1985 
the youngster to hospital, and 20®1, the number of 
doctors said she had only 10 or people aged 16 to 29 Is 
15 minutes to live. “That was expected to dectine by 20 per 
a pretty cold-blooded thing to cent, while those aged 30 and 
do,” Judge Paiba said. over increases. The number of 

Humphries, a heating en- people aged 75 and over is 
gineer, and Gregory, both of expected to increase by mere 
Kennington Lane, than 25 per cent. 

At the same time the num- 
ber of women aged 85 aad over 
will increase by at least 50 per 
cent The number of men of 

The eeosBses office said this 
was partly because s ur v i v o rs 
of a generation which did not 
experience the mortality of the 
First World War would suc- 
ceed preceding, war-depleted 

Police suspensions a 
‘waste’ of money 

this year quashed and a new 
inquest ordered. 

The jury at West London 
coroner’s court found that Mr 
Mikkdsen, aged 34, had been 
unlawfully killed and they 

get .was a complete waste of SSSS ^SaAtit 

public money, their counsel 
told the High Court yesterday. 
Mr Mikkelsen died in bos- 

degree of care after he was throatand l 
overpowered . 

Counsel for the officers - Hls -™ ’ 

The Irish government is to 

S criticisms from Roman 
ic clergy when it 
la undies an anti-Aids cam- 
paign which will advise people 
to use condoms. 

Mr Barry Desmond, Min- 
ister for Health, whose reform 
of the republic’s family plan- 
ning laws bought him into 
conflict with the hierarchy, 
has bluntly told the clergy 
“this is a puttie health 

He said: “The use of con- 
doms is an integral part' of all 
Aids campaigns.” . 

Puttie discussion of contra- 
ception remains a delicate 
issue in the republic, but 
advertisements on television, 
radio and in newspapers win 
advise people with more than 
one sexual partner to use 
condoms as a means of afford- 
ing some protection against 
the virus. 

The campaign against the 
disease, which will be 
launched next month, win 
emphasize the importance of 
staying with one partner as 
well as the dangers of 

The campaign’s promotion 

GP’s note 
spoke of 

A letter from “beyond the 
grave” told the relatives of a 
family doctor of her plan to , 
commit suicide, the Central 
Criminal Court was told l 

The letter, written by Dr 
Ruby Baksh from her holiday 
home in Spain, did not arrive 
in India until after her death 
in Januaiy, 1983. 

Her husband, Dr John 
Baksh, of Bickley Road, 
Bromley, south-east London, 
denies murdering her with a 
morphine overdose so be 
could many his new lover, 

Three years later, a jury has 
been told, he allegedly tried to 
murder Madhu because be 
stood to inherit more than 
£250,000 if she died. He 
allegedly drugged her, slit her 
throat and left her to die. 

By Richard Ford 

of the use of condoms has 
been attacked by Dr John 
Buckley, the auxiliary Roman 
Catholic Bishop of Cork and 
Ross, who said the campaign 
disregarded the moral prin- 
ciples held by the Catholic and 
other churches. 

Encouraging the use of 
contraception would not bring 
about the chang e in moral 
attitudes and social behaviour 
needed to restore the stability 
of the family as a fundamental 
safeguard of public health, he 

The bishop added that peo- 
ple had to accept that the 


s church is a riot 

£* _ • 

department to follow through ^ IllUSlC 

whatever they decide. But that By Gavin BeO 

does not mean that I could Arts Correspondent 

’^Eigh^people have died fram 

13 reported cases of Aids in mus,cal featuring si- 

tbe MshRepublic since July 
1984 and 500 people are . v,olu “ sls 

carrying the virus. ' Ashing fists m mode anger at 

— r P O tVhih Annrlii/4ivr Dvo aknul ir\ luk 

sexual experience of love was over the age of 18 w 
reserved for marriage and all' doctor's perscription. 
educational programmes In Northern Ireland, the i 
about Aids should be based on Government has launched a 
that principle. £70,000 anti-Aids campaign in 

Dr Patrick Lennon, Bishop which it gives a warning of the 
ofKildarc and Ldj ,;: said it dangers of sleeping around 
was up to the hierarchy to and advises people to use a 
discourage the use of con- condom if they are having 
doms. sexual intercourse with some- 

“There are lots of things one they are not sure about 
that could cut down on the The campaign, launched 
spread of disease that you two days ago, includes explicit 
can't use. You could kill all newspaper advertisements 
those who have Aids, for and has not so far come under 
instance,” he said. attack from Roman Catholic 

“It is a matter for the dergy. Letters, page 19 

The government's cam- 

pflign advising on the nse of the FeslIvaJ ^ 

condoms comes only a, few m London, 
years after the coalition The erratic mixture of 
government liberalized the classical, jazz and rode themes 
republic's „ family planning that constitute Alfred 
laws. Non -m edi c al contra- Schnittke’s First Symphony is 
ceptives can now be pur- to be given hs British premiere 
chased at chemists by people by the BBC Symphony Or- 
over the age of 18 without a chestra tonight — provided 
doctor’s perscription. the conductor, Gennady 

In Northern Ireland, the Rozhdestvensky, can keep the 
Government has launched a musicians u n der control. 

Court frees jailed 
victim of rapist 

A rape victim, who was. weeks. Lord Lane, the Lord 
jailed for six months in Octo- Chief Justice, said Rashid 
ber for wounding her attacker, taunted her, made rude ges- 
was freed by the Court of hires and made comments to 
Appeal yesterday. his friends every time he saw 

Alison Darby, aged 20, of her. 

Reservoir Road, Rowley At the end of May, Darby’s 

Regis, Warley, Birmingham, former boy friend, AJan Holt, 
was placed on probation for aged 20, Robert Wilson, aged 
three years. ‘ 20, and Dennis Fowkes, aged 

The court was told that the 24. at t a c ked Rashid and 
man who raped her, Abdul Darby joined in. Their victim 
Rashid, a neighbour, was needed stitches but was not 

Schnittke, Russia’s leading 
contemporary composer, ap- 
peared unperturbed by the 
sight of the entire string 
section walking off stage dur- 
ing rehearsals yesterday. 

“It is all pan of the work,” 
he explained. “My aim is to 
reconcile the serious with the 

The symphony begins with 

the musicians walking on to 
the platform playing anything 
they like, than joining forces 
to produce a furious crescendo 
until they are silenced by fran- 
tic waving of the conductor's 

Rozhdestvensky gives a 
passable imitation of a referee 
otdering off players in a rowdy 
football team. 

Arthur Prices, the principal 
second violinist, said he be- 
lieved the work was written. 

more for the audience than the UTIIg HlOlUCr S 

custody plea 

look at all the time. We A woman heroin addict. 

—toroid — ; 

Winner to ? 
take long : 
journey ; 

A retired property manager 
is the sole winner of yes-; 
today’s Portfolio Gold prize • 
of £4,000. r, 

Mr Trevor PbHHps, aged - 
73. from, south-east Louden, ; 
has played the Portfolio GoM 
game since it started in Tie ; 
Hunes, of which he has been a - 
reader for the past 40 years. 

“I am very thrilled indeed. <• 
Christmas is a great time to ' 
win something,” lie said. 

When asked how he te- ; 
tended spending the prize ? 
money, Mr Pfeaiips, said: “I ; 
will visit my rektioms in New - 
Zealand next summer.” \ 
Readers who wish to phy - 
the game can obtain a Part- Z 
folio Gold card by sendteg n - 
stamped addressed envelope t 

Portfolio Gold, " 

The Times, ; 

PO Box 40, l 


BB1 6AJ. 

Pathologist ; 
accused in [ 
death case 

A pathologist was co mmit- ; 
ted for trial to toe Central ; 
Criminal Coart yesterday ao ? 
cosed of inciting a person to • 
obstruct a coroner by breaking i 
the oeck of a dead woman. 

Dr Albert CoosetxQeke, of * 
Ascot Avenue, Rating, west j 
London, is farther accused of * 
perverting the conrse of justice . 
on the same dale, Jnly 2. He : 
was committed for trial on ba3 ; 
from Hendon Magistrates’ * 
Court, north-west London. 

The woman, Mrs Sdm ■ 
Spite, aged 84, died at an old { 
parjple’s home te East Finch- i 
ley on June 25. 

Rape attack 
on schoolgirl ' 

A hunt was bywH i in 3 
Bristol yesterday for a man ' 
who raped a teenage school- * 
girL < 

The girl was seized as she 
began to walk home across 
wasteland at Ahbotsweod, J 
Yate, and thrown against the 1 
wall of a schooL 

Severn Bridge ■ 
tolls to rise 

The le^al battle by ooanty 
coontils m Sbnth Wales to * 
stop toll increases on toe ! 
Severn Bridge.was lost te the • 
House of Lords yesterday. 

A committee «f law lords 
refused toe crandb leave to 
appeal against a Chart of 
Appeal decision allowtog Mr ! 
John Moore, Secretary of 
State for Transport, to im- 
plement increases aimed at 
raisHig an additional £&6 mB- 
tion a year. The new rates are - 
likely to be imposed soon. 

Belts come off 
in crime fight ! 

West Midlands police are to 
receive redesigned uniforms* 
without belts or fall epaulets, 
which can be held on to by. 
attackers, becanse of increas- 
ing number of assaults on 

The 64300 officers win be 
pven the choice of a thick' 
Mate-style jumper or special 
jackets. The jumpers have*- 
Hghlwefahtepanlets which can ; 
be torn away easily. 

tied for 18 months in Octo- seriously hurt. 

ber 1985. 

He was released after serv- 
ing six months and moved 
.back into a block of flats near 
where Darby lived 
Over the next four or five 

a* ? *£K >2SM dtfS AA =S 

after a straggle during his 
arrest in Bedfont, west 
London, in which he was hit 
on the bead with a truncheon. 

Eight officers of the Metro- 
politan Police are involved in 
the attempt, in the High 
Court, to have the “unlawful 
killing " verdict of March 27 

supported by the evidence and 
that the coroner’s directions to 
the jury on the meaning of 
unlawful killing and on the 
standard of proof necessary to 
return such a verdict were 

The hearing continues. 

His first wife’s sister, Mrs 

evidence and 10 . 1 

5 directions to «2L!£i“ * 

: meaning of commit SUJC,de ' 
and on the Mrs Williams, a nursing 
f necessary to sister in India, said she no 
verdict were longer had the letter. “1 tore it 
up because it made me ay.” 

mtinues. The case continues today. 

Darby: famworf 

Lord Lane, tilting with Mi* 
Justice McGowan and Mr 
Justice Simon Brown, agreed 
that Darby was not the ring- 
leader of the attack. 

Replying to criticism that 
Rashid was freed on parole 
after serving only six months. 
Lord Lane said the lowering of 
the parole threshold meant 
that nowadays about 78 per 
cent of all those sentenced to 
between nine and 18 months 
were released on parole after 
six months. 

He also said that the sen- 
tence on Rashid for rape was 
passed four months before the 
Court of Appeal set out guide- 
lines on rape sentencing. 

“Had life judge sentencing 
Rashid had these before him, 
there is no doubt the sentence 
would have been longer,” be 

A woman heroin addict, 
aged 32, yesterday failed to 

__ regain custody of her daugh- . 

nductor tries to ^ aged 15, who had asked to , 
: horns are good be taken into care, 
iberries.” Newbury Juvenile Court,- 

Bucki nghamshire , was told 
lid he admired that the mother had asked her ; 
cy*s direction, daughter to inject her with 
order out of heroin and to help collect 
os, _ “although drags from Reading station. 

look at all the time. We 
extemporize a lot, and at one 
point we kind of go over the 
top and the conductor tries to 
shut us up. The horns are good 
at Wowing raspberries.” 

Mr Price said he admired 
Rozhdestvensky’s direction, 
in - achieving order out of 
apparent chaos, “although 
sometimes knowing where 
you are in the score is quite 

He is not aione^ A horn 
player wandering off-stage 
during the third movement 
was overheard to ask a col- 
league: “Whatdo we do now?” 

Farm profit 

A 47-acre farm bought for 
£300 in 1924, American Cot- 
tage Farm at Rnsktogton, 
Lincolnshire, was sold for 

Wogan and Aspel top 
Radio 2 at Christmas 

Church court considers merits of Moore altar 

By David Cross 

The feture of what is prob- 
ably the most nranificeiit 

V room three picture postcards 
’ were found which had been 
due for delivery by bar. hue 
said she had refused to deliver 
the postcards because she 
considered thcra 


“They are of a type quite 
commonly sent from seaside 
resorts. Although they may 

not be decided simply on its 
shape or its position te the 

been temporarily installed, an 
ecclesiastical appeal court was 

for St Stephen WaDbrook, te 
the City t ? London, 
ib- Opponents of Mr Peter 

at Palumbo, toe property mti- 
©f fensire, w§® is ssendtee 
M £13 million on the refajrbis fr- 
its inert of the dmrch, argue that 
ke placing the altar under the 
as dome is incongruous in a 
in seventeenth centery setting, 
ns Bat the court, which is 

The Court of EcdesiasticsLl 
Causes, which consists of two 
High Court judges and tone 
bishops, has to deode whether 
a circular marble altar, 

in hs 23-year history, was told 
by Mr Peter Boydell, Q& 
"Our argument fe that this is a 

Mr BoydeH criticized Chan- 
cellor George Newsom, of the 
London Diocesan consistory 
cowt, for failing to appreciate 
the “beauty” of toe sculpture 
te his rating, agains t toe siting 
to the altar last February. 

ft was dear from Chancellor 
Newsom's lodgment that he 
had “been shocked by the size 
of the alter and its imcoffven- 
tional shape,” Mr Boydell 

Referring to notes made by 
the chanceUar abort witnesses 

creative proposal the like nf called before the consistory 
which there has not been court to testify in favour of the 

MRte thev a circular marine airar, < ucn mere qes mh nees cows ro ®esmy in mvonr w me 

not be m the best ot test y by (be late Henry before and which is unlikely to alter, Mr Boydell said that 

lte - Fo * E^.ariWUeomuwtt terepated.” those ahowd fhSle fad not 

\ • / 

taken kindly to toe evidence 
submitted by Sir Roy Strong, 
director of toe Victoria and 
Albert Museum. “This is a 
most arrogant and unpleasant 
witness” be bad written of Sir 

Mr Justice Gibson said: 
“Thfe is a most unusual case of 
candour on the part of a note- 
taker winch I think i$ 
adnurabte.” It was not toe sort 
of remark he would have 
written down, he added. 

Later Mr Justice Lloyd, 
chairman of the bench, said 
that he would be attending a 
dining dub where Sir Roy was 
a guest He hoped that Mr 

Spencer Maurice, counsel for 
the Archdeacon of London, 
who ted opposed toe alter, 
would not object “Not at aR”, 
came the reply. 

The case continues today. 

Prison party 
for children 

Inmates of Nottingham 
Prison yesterday held a Christ- 
mas party for handicapped 
local schoolchildren, with one 
of toe prisoners dressed up as 
Santa Claus. 

Terry Wogan is returning to 
Radio 2, for the first tune 
since he began his television 
series, to host a two-hour show 
on Christmas Day. 

Michael Aspel is also among 
toe list of stars who win have 
special shows during toe 
Christmas and new year holi- 
day period. He will be back at 
toe BBC for toe first time since 
he left his job as a television 

Christmas party at the Queen t 
Mary’s Hospital for children 
in Surrey. ; 

Derek Jameson, takes to toe 
streets of the east London ■ 
borough of Hackney, where lm 
grew up. in a coach and four x 
during ms breakfast show and - 
Ken Bruce will be going home ^ 
for a special Hogmanay show r 
from Glasgow. ;• 

Cliff Richard, Dana, Mary . 

news reader to broadcast on. O’Hara and Alvin Stardust^ 

commercial radio. 

Others with their own holi- 
day shows on the network 
include Paul Nicholas, Angela 
Rippon, Gerald Harper, Ad- 
rian Love and Teddy Johnsoa, 
the BBC announced yes- 

Among the Radio 2 regul- 
ars, Gloria Hunniford will be 
taking a look at toe last- 
minute shopping rush at 
Haxrods, and wilfalso host a 

will star in a concert on » 
Christmas Day. introduced by * 
Roy Castle, and there will also - 
be concerts by Alan Price, * 
James Galway, and Ralph - 
McTelL : 

A new musical, called In - 
With The Old, with a vintage l 
cast including Richard Mur- » 
doctu Evelyn Laye, Elisabeth * 
Welch and Dora Bryan, isalso - 
to be broadcast on Christmas ; 

F i 


December 16 1986 



Rate system being 
worked illegally, 
Ridley tells House 

The way the Government has 
Been operating the rate-support 
system in recent years has been 
round to be unlawful and an 
urgent Bill is to be introduced to 
rectify the postion. 

That admission from Mr 
Nicholas Ridley, Secretary of 
State for Environment, was 
greeted with cries of derision 
from Opposition MPs, who 
frequently interrupted his state- 
ment Their official spokesman 
said that “this fiasco” would 
cause great uncertainty among 
local authorities. 

Mr Ridley said: Relevant and 
total expenditure are two key 
concepts which are basic to the 
local government finance sys- 
tem in England and Wales. 
Since 1981 relevant and total 
expenditure have been cal- 
culated on the basis of the 
expenditure charged to a local 
authority's rate fund revenue 

Thai expenditure indudes 
comributionss from that ac- 
count to, for instance, the 
housing revenue account and 
Other special funds. Contribu- 
tions from such funds and 
accounts to the rate fund rev- 
enue account have been re- 
garded as income reducing 
relevant and total expenditure. 

That approach was adopted in 
1981 in response to the views of 
the local authority associations. 
•I have looked closely at the 
definitions of relevant and total 
expenditure because of some 
anomolies in the returns of 
expenditure received from a 
number of authorities. 

I was concerned that the 
accepted approach, despite the 
local authority associations de- 
sire for it, did not seem to 
correspond to tbe statute, and 1 
sought legal advice about this. 
That advice made it clear that 
the department's treatment of 
expenditure was incorrect in 

Transfers between funds and 
accounts within the rate fund 
are not expenditure: expen- 
diture only takes place when an 
authority has liabilities in the 
outside world and meeis these 
from from the general rate fund. 
A second opinion confirmed the 

I must accpet that advice. It 
means that past decisions which 
involved the concepts of total or 
relevant expenditure are pot in 
doubt, and that it would be quite 
improper for me .or the Sec- 
retary of State for Wales to ask 
tbe House to take further de- 
cisions on the present basis. 

Until this matter is put right, 
we cannot therefore make any 
further rate-support grant re- 
ports, including the main report 
for 1 987-88, or complete the rate 
timita Jon process. 

To deal with this highly 
technical problem, the Govern- 
ment will therefore be bringing 
urgent legislation before Par- 
liament which will validate for 
England and Wales ail past 
decisions involving the use of 
relevant or total expenditure 
and allow decisions to be prop- 
erly taken for tbe remainder of 
the present RSG system in line 
with the practice which has 
hitherto been adopted. 

Because the Bill in unlikely to 
receive the Royal Assent in time 
to allow for ihe normal time- 
table on rate limitation. I pro- 
pose to indude in it provisions 
to set rate and precept limits for 
designated authorities by for- 
mula. The Bill is designed to 
make no changes in policy, but 
as far as possible to apply 
existing policy within a tight 

■ The Secretary of Slate for 
Scotland administers the Scot- 
tish RSG under separate legisla- 
tion and the same problem does 
not arise. Some more minor 
difficulties in Scottish practice 
which have come to tight will, 
however, also be remedied in 
tbe proposed legislation. 

■ Authorities will be concerned, 
in tbe light of my statement, 
about the immediate position 
for 1987-88 and on outstanding 
supplementary reports. 

When the House returns in 
January 1 hope to announce my 
firm intentions for the 1987-88 
settlement for England and the 
supplemeatary reports for 1 986- 
87 and 1983-86. The Bill is 
designed to fulfil those in- 
tentions. I shall make tbe rele- 
vant reports immediately on 
Royal Assent to the validating 

I Authorities will therefore be 

able to plan their budgets and 
rates for 1987-88 with con- 
fidence on tbe basis of my 
statement in January. Also in 
January I and other ministers 
will inform designated authori- 
ties of the exact rate and precept 
limits which will be set for them 
in accordance with the pro- 
visions of the BiB. 

My department is today writ- 
ing to ail authorities and 

explain the 


associations to 

Dr John C onning ham, chief 

Opposition spokesman on the 
environment, said this was the 
fourth statement on rate-sup- 
port grant in five months and 
demonstrated the absolute 
shambles into which Tory min- 
isters had driven local govern- 
ment finance. 

Why had be not been frank 
with toe House on this matter in 

“Relevant expenditure” is the 
amount of money taken into 
account when assessing a block 
grant allocated to a local 
authority under the rate-support 
grant system. 

“Total expenditure” is the 
relevant expenditure plus some 
other amounts and is arrived at 
by complicated calculations tak- 
ing into account other supple- 
mentary and specific grants. 

answering a private notice ques- 
tion on December 3? 

Would not this latest 1 
ment of Environment 
cause massive uncertainty about 
local authority budgets and rates 
throughout the whole of Eng- 
land and Wales and massive 
difficulties for the local authori- 
ties framed by Mr Ridley be- 
cause of his manipulation of the 
Rates Act? 

There had been five Acts of 
Parliament on this issue in the 
past six years, the latest of which 
received Royal Assent only on 
October 31 this year. His min- 
isterial colleagues bad asked the 
House to pass that Bill which 
would “clarify the taw” (Labour 

In a circular to local authori- 
ties. the Department of the 
Environment had made clear 
that "total expenditure for the 
calculation of block grant 
should include contributions 
from the rate fund to the 
housing revenue account and 
other trading accounts and that 

thorny associations, that 
wanted the definition which had 
now been found to be in 

The first intimation of legal 
advice was towards the end of 
October, It was confirmed in a 
second opinion. 

The Bill would be published 
either tomorrow or the next day 
and would contain 17 clauses. If 
they wanted the rate-support 
grant to be paid in the next 
financial year, it would be 
expeditious for tbe Bill to reach 
the statute book so that the rate- 
support grant could be paid. 

Mr Patrick Jenbzn ( Wanstead 
and Woodford, O, a former 
Secretary of State for Environ- 
ment. said Mr Ridley had the 
sympathy of a great many 
not least of those who 

Dr John Crnmmgham: At- 
tack on “Tory shambles”. 

it was only interest receipts on 
the rate fund revenue account 
which should be taken into 
account to adjust relevant 
expenditure to total expen- 
diture". What had changed 
since his department made that 

Given the abysmal and re- 
peated failures of this Govern- 
ment to get its legislation right 
and tbe resulting massive dam- 
age to local government, it was 
the duty of the House rigorously 
to scrutinize the proposed 

Did not this fiasco confirm 
the political incompetence of a 
succession of Tory secretaries of 
state for the environment who 
had legislated themselves into 
what was quite clearly a maze of 
stupid legal controls? 

Mr Ridley asked what scrutiny 
Dr Cunningham had he given a 
(Labour protests). 

It was the local authority 
associations, including all the 
Labour-nominated local au- 

beid his high office. 

He was to be warmly com- 
mended for having come to the 
House on a very early opportu- 
nity to make known the error 
that had been discovered and 
his determination to put it right. 

Any attempt to hold up this 
Bill would merely postpone toe 
final rate-support grant settle- 
ment of 1987-88. 

Mr Ridley said that the Bill 
would simply seek to put the 
legal position bade to what 
everybody thought it was. There 
was no change of policy. 

Mr David Atom (Liverpool, 
MossJey HID, L) said that for Mr 
Ridley to say that the accepted 
approach did not correspond to 
the statute was the most breath- 
piece of iwHw jjtat p inffnt 
in the House for a long 


Mr Ridley was trying to make 
legal what had previously been 
illegal- The Government did not 
understand its own legislation 
introduced seven yean 
They were trying to pass 
buck to local authorities. 

Mr Ridley said the local authori- 
ties would be tbe quickest to ask 
for early passage of legislation. 
Mr Michael Hesdtine (Henley, 
Q, a former Secretary of State 
for the Environment If I under- 
stood the thrust of a complex 
and technical statement, it is 
that 1 have spent £30 billion of 
taxpayers* money illegally. If 
that is right, may I promise him 
my support for the legislation he 
proposes (laughter). 

Mr Ridley: 1 can assure him we 
would not suggest that. 1 do not 
think anybody should apportion 
blame in this matter (laughter). 
There has been a distinction 
between what people thought 
the law was and what it really is. 
Mr Allan Roberts (Bootle, Lab): 
His defence seems to be that he 
was not certain what the law 

Mr Ridley: He is totally wrong. I 
am the only person who is quite 
certain what the law is (loud and 
prolonged laughter). 

Mr Anthony Beanaent-Dait 
(Bir mingham , Selly Oak, Q: He 
is the least guilty in a long line of 
guilty ministers who have pro- 
duced one local government BID 
after another. Some of us on this 
side spelt out the dangers that 
would come. Is he now saying 
that when we are told that what 
we all thought was right is now 
wrong, what we thought was 
right many of us knew was 

Mr Ridley: Entertaining as his 
remarks were, I do not see the 
question for me. 

Mr Ian Gow (Eastbourne, Cf: Is 
it really the case that until he 
made his statement today no- 
body from the Labour Party, 
nobody from the Liberal Party, 
nobody from the Opposition 
front bench in the House 
Lords and not even 
talents of Mr Beaumont- 
had understood the position? 
Should not he. having a brain 
t ofhis four 


the gratitude of the House and is 
it not the case that when he 
presents the Bill to the House be 
will be restoring the law to that 
which Parliament intended, to 
that which the Labour Party 
believed was the law, to that 
which the Liberals believed was 
the law and to that which the 
local authorities believed was 
the law, and is he not aware that 
he is earning the admiration of 
the House ft (laughter). 

Mr Ridley: 1 join him in 
bewailing the fact that of aD the 
barrack room lawyers on tbe 
Labour side not one of them 
spotted this problem and it was 
left to me to explain it to toe 


even finer than that 

Clash looms over 
fixed recesses 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 

A Commons dash is loom- 
ing between the Government 
and those MPs who like to slti 
or plan their families’ summer 
holidays in advance. 

On the MPs” behalf the 
procedure select committee 
opened an inquiry last night 
into whether there should be 
Gated dates for the start of tbe 
Christmas, Easter and sum- 
mer recesses of the Commons, 
thereby scrapping the present 
system whereby the Govern- 
ment sete tbe date according to 
the backlog . of business and 
announces it just two or three 
weeks in advance. 

-In recent years the summer 
recess has begun as early as 
July 23 and as late as August 
JLThat wreaks havoc with the 
holiday plans of Scottish MPs 
ia particular, whose children 
traditionally return to school 
soon after tbe middle of 

For MPs fond of winter 
holidays there is no greater 
certainty. The Christmas re- 
cess comisted of just 11 sitting 
days in 1976, but has been as 

long as 20 sitting days. The 
Easter recess begins with the 
Easter weekend some years, 
and ends with it others. 

The procedure committee 
visited the Canadian par- 
liament earlier this year and 
was impressed by the smooth 
working of the meed-date sys- 
tem that was introduced there 
a few years ago m tbe face of 
much opposition. 

However, while Mr John 
Bitten, foe Leader of the 
Boose, and Mr Peter Shore, 
the shadow Leader — both of 
whom gave evidence last 
night — are sympathetic they 
are opposed to having fixed 
dates because it would deprive 
tbe government of the day of 
vital flexibility. A radical 
government, Mr Shore says, 
will need much more leg- 
islative time than a staid one. 

Members of die committee 
believe that excessive leg- 
islative business could be 
incorporated into a longer 
autumn spill-over period, 
rather than earlier in tbe 




There was a continuing terrorist 
threat, and a campaign by the 
IRA to disrupt the lives of all in 
Northern Ireland, Mr Ton 
King. Secretary of State tor 
Northern Ireland, said when he 
moved second reading of the 
Northern Ireland (Emergency 
Provisions) Bill. 

Tbe Bill continues, with some 
amendments, the existing emer- 
gency provisions in the province 
and provides for them lo be 
renewed every year rather than 
every six months as at present. 

; He said that tbe bomb attack 
that day was a sombre reminder 
of the situation which made the 
Bill necessary. This year there 
had been about sixty deaths 
from terrorist incidents. The 
figure was 247 in 1975. Against 
50 incidents this year, there 
were 2,438 in 1975. 

From that one could get a 
measure of the success the 
security forces had bad in 
reducing the level of terrorism. 


Parliament today 

Commons (2J0): Debate on the 
Chancellor’s autumn statement 
Lords (2.30): Debates on tbe 
security services and on Cyprus. 
Licensing (Restaurant Meals) 
Bill, second reading. 

Mr Nicholas Ridley ng to the Commons that it is a fair cop. 

needs are 


Benefit must go to 
those who qualify 

The Prime Minister insisted ia 
the Commons that the defence 
requirements most be para- 
mount in the derision on 
whether to order the GEC 
airborne early waning system 
or tbe Boring Awacs system. 

She dismissed a suggestion by 
Mr NeD Kfemnrfc. Leader of die 
Opposition, that there should be 
an independent inquiry into the 
merits of the competing systems. 
. Questions oa the co n tr overs y 
were initiated by Mr Robert 
Aitiey (Christchurch. C), who 
said that as defence criteria 
would undoubtedly be para- 
mount in the derision which Mrs 
Thatcher aad the Cabinet had to 
take on a w arnin g system, 
neither she nor the House 
needed advice from the party 
which c a nc e ll e d the TSR2 fa 
military aircraft abandoned by 
the Labour Gov e r nm ent in the 

Mrs Thatcher: I agree that the 
defence requirements must be 
paramonnt in this derision and 
we mast be certain that the 
system chosen wflj meet the 
country’s defence requirements 
fully and within an acceptable 

Mr Khmock said tbe strong 
demand was that tbe country 
should get an early wanting 
system which had to be de- 
pendable aad at a cost and in a 
time necesssary for na tion al pri- 

It was also necessary to show 
that ia reaching a derision foil 
account was taken of the present 
quality of the British GEC 
system aad of the national 
technological interest. 

To Cfraservative in te rru pti o n s 
he asked: Before the Cabinet 
meets on Thursday, therefore, 
would the Prime Minister set up 
a speedy aad ’ independent in- 
quiry to establish beyond all 
posriMe doubt the relevant tech- 
nological, financial, delivery 
and, above all, defence merits of 
the GEC system and the Boeing 
Awacs system? 

Mrs Thatcher: 1 made dear that 
defence requir eme n ts must be 
paraatoimt in this derisfoa. I 
also make dear that an iadepen- 
deut inquiry is neither necessary 
nor apropriate to enable the 
customer to decide how best to 
meet its vital need to have an 
effective a ir b orne early wanting 
system in op er atio nal service as 
soon as DOssiWe- 
Mr Khmock: Is her refusal to 
have an inquiry based opoa the 
conviction that the GEC system 
is somehow so inferior as not to 
warrant farther consideration? 
Mrs Thatcher: We must be sore 
the system chosen wiH meet tbe 
ceantiy’s defence require ments 
feBy and within an accepts We 
timesrsle Aa independent in- 
quiry is neither necessary nor 
appropriate to enable the eas- 
terner, the Ministry of Defence 
and the RAF, to deride how best 
to meet its vital need. 

Mr James Prior (Waveuey, C> I 
declare an all too-weD-kaown 
interest Of course the country’s 
defences mast come first, 

- Tbe leaks which have come 
out of the Ministry of Defence 
have been very unfortunate be- 
cause they have given the im- 
pression that the GEC 
system simply does not work 
and cannot be made to work. 

Mrs Thatcher: The Ministry of 
Defence has great confidence ia 
GEC, as is instanced by the 
amount of purchases it makes 
from that company, of the order 
of £800 million last year. 

Mr John Home Robertson (East 
Lothian, Lab): Just because Mr 
Cec3 Parkinson made mistakes 
in the past does not necessarily 
•an that be is wrong abort 

Why are we jest g ett in g this 
thrown (stubborn] refusal . to 
have an independent inquiry into 
the issue? 

Mrs Thatcher I do not think be 
has added anything to the 


The Government was trying to 
ensure that nnemploynteni 
benefit was always paid lo those 
who qualified for it and was 
introducing measures such as 
the re-siart scheme to steer 
peojric wanting jobs back into 
work, Mr Kenneth Clarke, Pay- 
master General and Minister for 
Employment, said in the Com- 
mons. But Mr John Evans, an 
Opposition spokesman, de- 
nounced the scheme as cynicaL 
Sir Antony Marlow (Northamp- 
ton North, C) said that in two 
constituencies in booming Lon- 
don — Vauxhall and Bermond- 
sey— they had 30 per cent of 
males unemployed and drawing 
benefit and that seemed massive 
evidence of fiddle, fraud and 
idleness. He asked the minister 
to make sure that the availabil- 
ity-for-work test was reinforced 
in those areas. 

Mr Clarke: There has always 
been a test of availability: there 
has always been an availability 
rule. We are seeking to ensure 
that benefit is always paid to 
those who actually qualify for it. 
In London there are many job 


vacancies. We are introducing 
things like the re-start scheme to 
steer p e opl e who want work 
back into work. 

Mr Evans: The main purpose of 
th« cynical scheme is to red doc 
unemployment figures before 
the next election. 

Mr Clarke: Labour Party policy 
appears to be to give benefit to 
anvane who wants it without 

asking questions. 
Sir Wi 

filHam Clark (Croydon 
South. Q: Anyone enjoying 
unemployment benefit is enjoy- 
ing it at the expense of the 
taxpayer. Is it not completely 
unfair for taxpayers’ money to 
be used when the person receiv- 
ing it is not available for work? 
Mr Clarke: The average tax- 
payer is perfectly content to pay 
unemployment benefit to some- 
one out of work if he is looking 
for it but cannot find it He 
would be amazed to hear the 
Opposition demanding that yon 
just hand it out to anybody. 

MP says 

A man privy to the modsram- 
don of the telephone network 
rovering the Whitehall area had 

SMTU jgLg 

outside the House. Mr Andrew 
fanWs (Warley East, Lab) said 

in the Commons. 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard 
Weatherill) agreed to study the 
letter which Mr Fanlds said 
contained the allegation so that 
he could advise on the matter. 
Mr Faalds said the Speaker was 
the guardian of MPs’ rights and 
the letter be received yesterday 
had the most disturbing im- 

^Thlckey was equipment which 
gave access to all telephone 
internal and external, to 
Sore than 70.000 telephone 
numbers. The writer made spe- 
cific technical statements about 
the means of intercepting calls 
by MPs. He had stated the 
locations and the buildings 
which housed this equ ipme nt 
and explained foe precise 
positioning of a particular room 

“Over a period of lime, 
mostly outside normal working 
hours”, he had written, “a room 
immediately to the left at the 
bottom of the steps was installed 
with extensive and sophis- 
ticated equipment." 

The writer also stated: it 
soon became accepted by all tbe 
Post Office staff, now BT staff, 
and the contracting engineers 
tha t the only possible purpose 
for which thts equipment could 
be used was intercepting trie- 
phone calls.” 

Tbe writer claimed that all 
these installations and the 
equipment were mounted “a 
few weeks after MPS received 
push button telephones”. 

Mr Farids added: “He ap- 
pears to have no doubt of the 
purpose of this operation, to 
the facility for eavesdrop- 
ping on MPs calls inside and 
outside the House". 

He hoped the Speaker would 
require the TTianf * r to be investi- 

Mr David Winnick (Walsall 
North, Lab) said Ibis was a 
matter of the utmost priority. If 
the allegations were true tbe 
responsibility fefl on all MPs, 
including tbe Speaker, to ensure 
that such a system was 

He wanted the Speaker to 
ensure that any investigation 
would be under his direct con- 
trol and not under the 
Government’s control “because 
we have no confidence that any 
such inquiry carried out on 
behalf of the Government 
would be thorough or im- 

Mr Farids said later that there 
was the question of who was 
responsible for putting in the 
interception machinery. Surely 
this was a prima facie breach of 
privilege. If Ihe accusations were 
true, it was the responsibility of 
the Speaker. 

Tbe Speaker sugg es ted that Mr 
Fanlds should write to him 
about a breach of privilege so 
that he could ensure a thorough 
investigation was made through 
the privileges committee. 

Adjournment debate 

Police strength up by 1 5,000 

To fight an ever-rising tide of 
crime the Government had 
increased police strength by 
15.000 since 1979, supplied 
them and the courts with en- 
hanced powers and had pro- 
vided many additional re- 
sources. Mr Douglas Hogg, 
Under-Secretary of State, Horae 
Ofice, said early on Tuesday 
during an adjournment debate 
in the Commons. 

He said that the Government 
bad also taken positive action 
on crime prevention, much 
improved the efficiency and 
effectiveness of parts of the 
criminal justioe system and was 
seeking to provide a more 
effective support system for the 
victims of crime. 

Its legislation, such as the 
Prevention of Terrorism Act 
and tbe Police and Criminal 
Evidence Act, had been contin- 
ually attacked and disgracefully 
opposed by die Labour Party. 

But that was to be expected 
from a party whose members 
were to be found on tbe picket 
lines at Grunwick and Wapping 
and other scenes of deplorable 


violence, rioti n g an d abusing foe 
police and sometimes being 
arrested in tbe process. And 
from a party in which far too 
many were hostile to the police 
and took every opportunity to 
express that hostility; men such 
as Benue Giant, Ted Knight 
and Derek Hatton. 

The Labour Party had 
preached far too often tbe 
of entitlement while 

tion. Its members believed that 
people owed no obligation to 
neighbours or society and had 
constantly over the past 20 years 
sought to undermine the moral 
basis of society. They then 
complained at growing crime 
and lawlessness. 

“As long as I have been in 
politics, the Labour Party have 
created tbe circumstances which 
have given rise to the problems 
we now face." 

Mr Donald Dixon (J arrow. 
Lab), who opened the debate, 

said tbe Conservatives had been 
elected mainly on a iaw-and- 
ordcr ticket. But after seven 
years of office, many thousands 
of people endured tbe fear of 
crime, were frightened to go out 
after dark and fearful of allow- 
ing their children out to play. 

By the end of Ihe bour-and-a- 
half debate, 24 people would 
have been victims of violent 
crime, 1 14 would have suffered 
criminal damage |80 would 
have been burgled, 384 would 
have suffered theft and 744 
would have been the victims of 
some kind of offence. That was 
the extent to which crime had 
risen since 1979. 

What people wanted was to 
see more polioemen on the beat, 
on the estates and in the 
shopping centres where most 
offences occured, not manning 
tbe picket lines or in police cars 
by the roadside. 

People had a right to demand 
better street lighting, reliable 
public transport and improved 
protection for their houses so 
that they could live safely in 
their homes and communities. 


WH1 the Government took 
back on 1986 as tbe rear of tbe 

terrible treble: Westland, Brit- 
ish Le yiand and now Nimrod? 
This latest controversy has 
man y of the suae features as 
the other two. 

Once again ft concerns tost 
most delicate of areas where 
government has to take mayor 
industrial derisions. Once 
again it focuses mi tbe threat 
of American domination. Once 
again tbe C ons er va tive Party 
is split. 

There is clearly a danger, 
therefore, of the Government's 
suffering considerable politi- 
cal damag e if it does not 

handle tins row with more 
political skill than the earlier 
ones. Most people, it is true, 
do not understand the tech- 
nicalities that ought to be 
derisive in this case. But 
ignorance is no deterrent to 
rising passion. 

There are, however, dif- 
ferences between this fracas 
and the others. Westland be- 
came such a devastating crisis 
for the Government because 
one powerful and determined 
minis ter was not prepared to 
be corralled by the familiar 

ip ^mtnpiiK pf prime min - 
isterial authority. 

Minister became 
obsessed by battle 

‘history of 

The evidence of the past seven 
years of neglect and decay in 
Britain's housing stock proved 
the Government to have been 
shocking housekeepers, Mr 
Malcolm Bruce (Gordon. L) 
said early today during the all- 
night adjournment debate. 

In the past 20 years the 
housing crisis had worsened 
sharply, he said. The number of 

homeless had now reached a 

record 120,000. 

Mr John Maxton, an Opposi- 
tion spokesman on Scotland, 
said it was absurd to allow tax 
relief on mortgages to all house 

Mr Michael An cram. Under- 
secretary of State for Scotland, 
said that since coming to power 
the Government haa increased 
its capital investment in Scot- 
land's housing stock by 5 per 
cent in real terms. 

Peace support 

Mr Timothy Eggar, a junior 
Foreign Office minister, re- 
affirmed during tbe debate that 
the Government saw a political 
solution as the only way of 
restoring peace in Central Amer- 
ica. Its position was one of 
support for the Contadora peace 

Nato would suffer 
under Labour 

For Britain unilaterally to dis- 
arm would shock Nato to the 
core and damage Nato’s flex- 
ible-response strategy as well as 
the unity of the alliance, Mr 
Roger Freeman, Under-Sec- 
retary of State for the Armed 
Forces, said during the adjourn- 
ment debate. 

He was answering a debate 
opened by Mr Patrick Thomp- 
son (Norwich North, Q who 
said that for tbe future’ peace of 
the Continent it was essential 
that Nato should preserve suf- 
ficient forces and possess a 
credible deterrent. 

ll was vital that nothing 
should weaken Nato. Recent 
strains were more serious than 
bad previously been experi- 
enced, which could result in the 
United States sliding into a 
period of isolationism. 

The CND movement which 
bad succeeded in influencing the 
thinking of the Labour and 
Liberal parties, was seeking to 
influence youngsters by the 
leaching of so-called peace stud- 
ies. It should not be part of 
education at aiL 

The approach of the Liberal- 
SDP Alliance was dangerous 
because they were talking de 
facto of unilateralism. 

Mr G«y Neale (Cornwall 
North. O said that for the 

Alliance to try to pretend that 
the rift between the two parties 
had healed was manifest non- 

Mr Kevin McNamara, an 
Opposition spokesman on de- 
fence, said that if Europe lost 
more of its high-technology base 
to the Americans then it would 
become a satellite of the US. 
That was not what they wanted, 
neither would it be good for 
Europe; ft was essential, there- 
fore. that there should be an 
independent airborne early- 
warning system. 

The Government had taken 
many unilateral defence de- 
cisions without reference to 
Nato. To say the Labour Party 
was the only party that believed 
in unahteratism was to fly in tbe 
face of the whole history of the 

Mr Freeman said the Labour 
Party pointed out that the 
United Kingdom contributed 
an insignificant percentage to 
the West’s missile defence. That 
might be true, but Polaris and 
Trident packed a very powerful 

Tbe Opposition also claimed 
that the US would sot mind 
being told to withdraw their 
nuclear forces from the United 
Kingdom, but the Americans 
should not be taken for gran ted. 

.) • • ' 

I do not go along with those 
who place afl the blame for 
Westland on Mr Heseftfae’s 
shoulders. He became nl- 
tnnately obsessed by the strug- 
gle and his resignation was a 
tnrfirnl blonder. But at an 
earlier stage he was not given a 
fair hearing on an issue where 
he reasonably believed that 
more was at stake than the 
future of a single company. 

Whether he was right or 
wrong, though, if ft bad not 
been for him Westland would 
not have blown op in the 
Government's face as ft did. 
Now there is no second 
Hesdtine m sight over Nim- 
rod. So a replay of Westland is 
not in prospect 
Not are tbe drcmnstances 
really comparable to the fiasco 
ova- the attempted sale of 
British Ley land. That episode 
occurred so soon after West- 
land that the Government had 
not recovered its nerve nor the 
Prime Minister her authority. 

So there was not sufficient 
determination to least the 
storm of public protest at the 
proposal to sell off different 
parts of the last big British- 
owned motor manufacturer to 
American com p anies. 

But there has not yet beat 
the same public outcry over 
Nimrod as there was over BL, 
Mrs Th a tch e r is once again 
riding high and all the indica- 
tions are that ministers hare 
resolved to go through with tbe 
purchase of the Boring Awacs 
system without any wavering. 

With the Conservative 
Whips exercising strong pres- 
sure, and even encouraging 
potential dissidents to go home 
early for Christmas rather 
than linger at Westminster 
until the Cabinet takes its 
decision <m Thursday, the 
chances are that the Govern- 
ment will get its way with no 
more than a minor hnrricance. 

But this judgement could 
prove to be mistaken If min- 
isters fall to provide sufficient 
convincing evidence for their 

There would be an over- 
whelming majority both in 
Parliament and ia the country 
for Nimrod if it could be shown 
to be just about as cost- 
effective as Awacs. It would be 
more acceptable politically 
and to terms of British indus- 
trial strategy. Tbe case for 
Awacs depends entirely on the 
belief that it conld do the job 

Case will not be 
accepted on trust 

That is a strong case. If 
accepted, it onght to be coacto- 
sive. There coaid be no jns- 
tificati oa fo r encumbering our. 
forces with inferior equipment 
on grounds of sentiment, na- 
tional prestige nor even aid ns- 
trial advantage. But it is not a 
case that will simply be ac- 
. cepted on trust. 

I am not arguing for an 
independent inquiry. Bid it 
should be possible, without 
disclosing either militarily 
sensitive information or com- 
mercial secrets, to show that 
there is a substantial base in 
tenns of operational effectire- 
ness for the Government’* 

I suspect that ministers may 

have more difficulty fa answer 

mg Mr David Steel's question 
as to why £900 million of 
pobbe money spent on 
Nimrod before deciding that ft 
wow not do. Bat while it may 
o« embarrassing to explain 
why the decision was not taken 
that is not the staff or 
which major political crises 
are made. 







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New runway 
needed for 

By Harvey Elliott, Air Correspondent 
_ Greater competition among The BAA is meanwhile 
Europe s airlines could lead to standing lately on the side- 
an urgent demand for another lines and collecting data ready 
runway to be built at an to make its own 

mrport in the south-east of recommendations. 

“Ir® 1 *}* Sir Norman said that the 

Sir Norman Payne, chair- four runways now in opera- 
man of the British Airports lion in the South-east have a 
Authority said yesterday that capacity of 620,000 move- 
a long-term study of future ments a year but only handle 
demand for runway capacity 460,000. Most of the extra 
^ n °w taking P^ce and - capacity, he said was at 
although Gatwick, Heathrow Stansied and projected growth 
and Stansted are able to cope; figures showed that there 
with the demand at present would continue to be room for 
a decision will have to be all the demand until the 
taken, within the next two or middle of the next decade. But 
three years, on whether to because of the long lead time 
build more capacity. "A fur- needed to plan and build a 
ther runway will depend on new runway decisions would 
the success or otherwise, of have to be taken within the 
the campaign for libera liza- next few years, 
tion (of routes) within Europe One of the main problems is 

which could hasten the de- at Gatwick, which is the third 
maud for landing slots," he busiest international airport 
said- in the world, for scheduled 

Sir Norman was presenting flights, handling more than 16 
BAA's half-yearly accounts million passengers a year. A 
which showed that con- new terminal planned to be in 
cessions sold to shopkeepers, operation there before the end 
along with duty-free and tax- of this year, will not open until 
free sales, had kepi profits 1988 and airlines have pre- 
near £100 million in spite of a dieted chaos and overcrowd- 
drop in passengers at some ing during next summer, 
airports last summer. But these criticisms were 

But the long-term problem rejected by BAA which says 
of bow to cope with the that airlines will simply spread 
growing demand for air travel their flights throughout the 
has yet to be resolved and is day rather than bunch them, 
bound to lead to increasingly “It will be busier for longer but 
bitter debate. there is no reason for there to 

Already the Air Transport be chaos or delays as a result 
Users Committee and various of the slippage," Mr Guy Bell, 
airlines are demanding a dear managing director of Gatwick 
decision to provide another airport, said, 
runway and environmental The British Airports Auth- 
groups are rasing strong only, which is scheduled to be 
objections. privatized in the middle of 

The Civil Aviation Auth- next year will be spending 
ority is studying the entire about £160 million a year for 
problem and is to produce a the next five or six years on 
report next year into the lone- improving facilities at its 



Reducing nitrates 
in drinking water 
would cost £200m 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

Compliance with the EEC “A policy of restricting ni- 
directive on the nitrate con- Irate concentrations in all 
tent of drinking water supplies public supplies to below SO 
would cost at least £200 mil- milligrammes a litre would 
lion, a report published yes- have major implications for 
terday by a Government the water industry.” 
working party states. "Water undertakers es- 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, Sec- Ornate that immediate capital 

retary of State for the Environ- expenditure of £50 million 
ment, told the Commons that would be needed and, if long- 

mm ias iwwuuuluu Ulal uiuiv “vimv wv uwu iui muiii 

capacity for aircraft to land capacity is grasped soon, the 
and take off at airports in the airports will be overflowing. 
South-east should be found. Business News, page 23 

C rimina l violence 
claims build up 

By Peter Evans 

The backlog of- unresolved 
applications to the Criminal 
Injuries Compensation Board, 
which was above 50,000 dur- 
ing the year, is causing con- 
cern, its annual report said 
yesterday. The result was un- 
acceptable delays and was due 
to a severe staff shortage. 

Since March, the end of the 
year covered by the report, the 
board has been told there is to 
be a large increase in staff It 
hopes that in 1987-88 it will 
prove possible to start reduc- 
ing the backlog. 

The board reports 39,697 
new applications during the 
year, an increase of 13.8 per 
cent over the previous y car. 

The compensation paid to 
victims of crimes in 1985-86 
totalled £41.5 million, the 
highest amount paid out in 
any one year since the scheme 
started and an increase of 
1 7.8 percent over 1984-85. 

The highest award of the 
year, £175,809, was paid to a 
mini-cab driver who, in July 
1982, was confronted by a 
gang of hooligans behaving 
aggressively and abusively. 

The driver spoke to them 
and was then savagely at- 
tacked, punched and kicked to 

Doctor ‘kept 
addicts off 
the streets’ 

A Harley Street doctor who 
is accused of irresponsibly pre- 
scribing drugs to addicts said 
yesterday that his aim had 
been to “keep them off the 
streets”. . 

Dr Muhammad Rahman 
told a bearing of the General 
Medical Council that he 
wanted to get his patients off 
drugs altogether. But, be 
added: “There were a few 
people who needed to feel 


“I felt some of these pa- 
tients, in order to keep them 
off the street, should be 

Dr Rahman, of Chestnut 
Drive, Harrow, west London, 
is alleged to have charged £20 
for each prescription of a 
heroin substitute. 

He admitted that he may 
have acted irresponsibly. 

Dr Rahman is accused of 
serious professional miscon- 

The hearing continues. 

1 the ground and then kicked as 
he lay defenceless. 

He suffered severe injuries 

■ and did not leave hospital 

■ until July 1983. His condition 
1 subsequently deteriorated and 

■ he is now very seriously 
• disabled. 

Two of his assailants were 
' apprehended: one was sen- 
tenced to three years’ 
imprisonment and the other 
to a period of borstal training. 

Many of the incidents occur 
at weekends and often in 
places and situations which 
the victim might have 
avoided had he w she been 
sober or not willing to run 
some kind of risk 
In some cases the most that 
can be levelled against the 
victim is his or her own 
stupidity or lack of judgement. 
Occasionally it is plain that 
the incident occurred solely 
because of the victim’s own 
aggressive behaviour and 
sometimes the person making 
the application has previous 
convictions for violence. 

Criminal Injuries 
Compensation Board 22nd 
Report. Cmnd No 42 (Sta- 
tionery Office, £5.00). 

£ 275,000 
for sister 

A man who lives with his 
sister is to pay her damages of 
£275,000, awarded in the High 
Court yesterday, after a road 
crash which left her paralyzed. 

Miss Anne Lottman-John- 
son, aged 24, an articled clerk, 
was a rear-seat passenger in a 
car driven by her brother, 
William, which went out of 
control and hit a wall then a 
tree between Ched worth and 
Yan worth, Gloucestershire, in 
June 1984. 

Mr Robin Stewart, QC, for 
Miss Luttmas-Johnson, told 
Mr Justice French that she 
had suffered spinal injuries 
which have confined her to a 

The damages and costs of 
the action are to be paid by Mr 
Luttman-Johnson, who lives 
with his sister at Woodman- 
cote, Lodsworth, Petworth, 
West Sussex. He had denied 

£lm fraud charges 

. i TO-int worker, and his 

A former bank manager and 
three of his clients were 
committed for trial yesterday 
on 44 fiaud and corruption 
charges involving nearly a 
million pounds. 

Mr Clifford Agent, aged 53, 
former manager of Lloyds 
Bank. Witham, Essex, faces 
five charges of corruptly 

accepting gifts fr S l ?-i3£ ntS ’ 
including a car and £5,00U. 

Mr Agent, of Plough Dn v& 
Colchester, Essex, appeared 
before Witham magistrates 
with Mr Tohn f nnrt. a«*d ** * 

print worker, and his wife, 
Moira, aged 30, of Daniel 
Way, Silver End, Witham, and 
their neighbour, Mr Ronald 
Jones, aged 38, unemployed. 

Mr Lord faces 12 charges of 
deception, five of corruption 
and five of false accounting. 
Mm Lord feces five charges of 
deception and they jointly fece 
six charges of deception. Mr 
Jones feces six charges of 

They were committed to 
Chelmsford Crown Court on 

»inrr«ndt»iA*»«l ^ 

Mrs Katrina Smith and her daughter, Barbara, with the medical team who saved the baby’s life (Photograph: Tom Kidd). 

Baby doing well after rare operation in womb 

A mother bagged her baby 
daughter yesterday and spoke 
of the rare operation rt«t 
saved the child’s life. 

Barbara Smith, now a 
month old, would have died 
from acute anaemia had she 
not been given life-saving 
blood transfusions while still 
inside her mother’s womb. 

The highly delicate opera- 
tion, which has a high rate of 
fail are, was carried oat by 
surgeons who transfused the 

blood through the unborn 
baby's umbBreal cord. 

It was so successful that 
Barbara, although bora pre- 
maturely and weighing only 
four pounds, wfll be able to 
lead a normal life. 

Mrs Katrina Smith, aged 
30, the girl’s mother, said: “I 
had no hesitation in deriding 
to have the treatment, al- 
though I was worried at the 

Nine years ago, Mrs Smith 
lost a baby because of similar 
complications caused by her 
having rhesus negative blood. 

The consultant who led the 
12-strong life-saving t » am 
paid tribute to Mrs South's 
courage. Dr Martin Whittle 
said: "It was a very brave step 
ia deriding to go ahead, bat 
without it the baby would have 

The transfusions were car- 

ried out at the Queen Mother’s 
Hospital in Glasgow, the first 
time the operation has been a 
success in Scotland. 

Only a small number of 
babies suffer from Barbara’s 
condition and a high propor- 
tion do not survive treatment. 

There is a 30 percent or 
more chance of the umbilical 
cord being damaged during 

the Government was consid- 
ering the report and its 

About one milli on people, 
mainly in East Anglia, Lin- 
colnshire, Nottinghamshire 
and Staffordshire, regularly 
receive water which exceeds 
the EEC limit of 50 mill- 
igrammes a litre, and one 
small public supply exceeds 80 
milligrammes a litre. 

But the report points out 
that nitrate concentrations in 
all public water supplies are at 
present wi thin the limits 
considered acceptable by the 
Government's medical 

There have been increases 
in nitrate concentrations in a 
number of water 

term trends continued, a fur- 
ther £1 50 million within 20 

By the end of that period 
running costs would be about 
£10 mulioD a year. 

The report, by the Nitrate 
Co-ordination Group, estab- 
lished last year by the Depart- 
ment of the Environment with 
support from the Ministry of 
Agriculture, says there is little 
evidence that nitrate concen- 
trations are causing ecological 
harm in rivers, estuaries or the 

Among the measures which 
it says would be encouraged 
in problem areas, winch 
would have minimum effects 
on form profitability, are a ban 
on the use of nitrogen fertilizer 

sourcesduring the past two or between mid-September and 
three decad e s, and. this trend is mid-February; the planting of 

expected to continue, particu- 
larly in parts of eastern and 
central En gland 
In drier arable areas some 
groundwaters in unconfined 

autumn-sown in preference to 
spring-sown crops, and the 
planting of winter cereals as 
early as possible. 

Nitrate in Water (The Nitrate 

.... ,nn munue in nuier \ i qc lira it 

aqtmers already exceed 100 Co-ordination Group. Pollution 
milligrammes, and many pap^. n 0 ,26. 1986, Stationery 
more are predicted to do so. Office: £6.30). 

Sainsbury’s announce 
pint-sized prices for Ch ristmas 

Sainsbury’s Lager 4 x 275ml 98p 

Sainsbury's Lager 2 Ltr 


Carisberg Pilsner 4 x 440ml 


Skol Lager 4 440ml 


Sainsbury's German Lager 


Farrier Bitter 4 x 440ml cans 


Sainsbury’s Rutland Bitter 2 Ltr £1.95 

Sainsbury's Sparkling Cider 


Babycham 4 x 100ml 



Sainsbury's Low Alcohol 
Lager6 x 330ral 

- ^a » " I I ,r « 






98 p 

Sainsbury Light Ale 
4 x 275ml 

Heineken Lager 
4 x 440ml 




McEwank Export 


A Sainsbury's JLmW 

ij Crown Bitter ^ M Sainsbury's Medium Dry. 

^ ^ 3 ItX Ad ^ Strong Gder2 Ltr 

Good drinks cost less at SainsburyV 

Harp Lager 



n m 



The worlds leading 
international airport groups 
and how they stack up. 

Everyone with a patriotic streak 
will enjoy this. 

The world’s leading international 
airport group is not on the other side 
of the Atlantic. 

Nor on the other side of the 

It’s right on your doorstep. 

Namely, BAA pic. Formerly, the 
British Airports Authority. 

Although you may not have heard 
our new name before, you’ll certainly 
have come across our runways. 

We own and operate all seven 
of the airports 
shown here. 

Between them. 



they account for 
75% of all UK air 
passenger traffic 
and 85% of all air 







In the last 12 months, that came 
to 54 million people. 43 million of 
them on international flights. 

Which, as you can see, is more 
than twice as many as number two. ■ 
(Or should we say numero deux?) 

Naturally, with airports as busy as 
ours, it’s not just planes that come 
flying in. 

Over the past 21 years, our annual ; 
operating profits have shown a 
healthy rate of climb. With half our “■ 
total revenue now coming from 
commerce activities such as duty > 
free and other trading concessions. " 
Which makes a substantial 
contribution towards British trade, ' 
tourism, employment and foreign’ '' 
currency earnings. 

No wonder to boastmoretroUeys ! 

tan any airport group n the worIi 

The worlds leading in 



:>i: * 

* :c ' rr ^k 

■ * :u *onaj 
r side 

< i 




• - 1 *1 

* ■'■ ■':!! 

1 1? 




Egypt arrests 44 
in coup attempt 

J22JJ: B ^ , .™ llke the Pre^rous two planned by Muslim ex- 
J™** masterminded by a clandestine 

communist group (A Correspondent writes). 

. authorities said that they had arrested 44 

"jiij* oth « Egyptian cities. The ringteadermis 
named as Professor AbdeJ-Moneim Teleuna. 

" rI erSSf5 ^feool of Arts. Three others are still at large. 

The group includes cnti servants, teachers, a ImLd 
an accountant. A Sudanese student at Cairo Untorsitv be- 
to be the tint tew*, u* 

Sudan, was also arrested. 

The authority said most of the detainees were arrested on 
Fnifey at a meeting m a flat rented by Professor Tefeima and 
used m the groups headquarters. They were discussing 

Dions to rwmif iw> inpmluK .. • . rmaisri'pg 

plans to recruit new members and to “infiltrate tbemasses* 
to gain support for the plot to overthrow the Government and 
to establish a communist regime. 

Security authorities say they have seized archives, 
documents and draft leaflets, including literature on tow to 
set op a communist state. Officials say the group has been 
active smce the early sixties, opposed the late President Nas- 
ser, and were involved in the food riots of 1 977; a recording of 
the meeting showed that it opposed the Islamic movement. 

Author’s Isles row 

prize for court 

Paris - Francois-Olivier 
Rousseau, a French writer 
tiring on the Isle of Man, 
has received the 250,000- 
franc (£27,000) Marcel 
Proust Literary Prize for 
his novel about a pianist 
living in 19th-century 
France (AP reports). 

Sebastiea Dare is Rous- 
seau's third novel. Intro- 
spective; autobiographical 
and literary, the novel was 
selected partly for its 
stylistic resemblance to 
Proust's classic Remem- 
brance of Things Past. 

The Hague - £1 Sal- 
vador and Hondsras have 
asked the World Court to 
rule on a long-standing 
border dispute and decide 
who has sovereignty over a 
jointly -claimed group of 
islands (Renter reports). 

The International Court 
of Justice said that the two 
countries and Honduras 
presented, a special agree- 
ment last week which rails 
on the court to set up a 
chamber of judges to take 
written and oral evidence 
from both sides. 

Izvestia in tit-for-tat 

Moscow (Renter) - Izvestia said yesterday that its 
editorial board bad filed suit fear d efamation against a 
California businessman, Mr Raphael Gregorian, who won a 
lawsuit against the daily earlier this year. 

The paper said the case against Air Gregorian would be 
heard in open court in Moscow early next year. It give no de- 
tails of the charges. 

The move follows a Los Angeles court derision to award 
Mr Gregorian $411,000 damages in a libel suit he brought 
against Izvestia after the newspaper accused him of 
espionage in 1984. The court ruled that Mr Gregorian was 
entitled to Izvestia assets in the United States if the 
newspaper did aot respect its judgment. 

Last month, the Soviet Union accused US authorities at hav- 
ing entered the flat of an Izvestia correspondent in 
Washington, calling the inddeut “an outrageous action**. 

Threat Albania 

removed to vote 

Leidscfaeudam, Nether- 
lands — Army experts 
safely exploded a British 
wartime bomb weighing 
250 lb in this small town 
yesterday (Rentier reports). 

Towns people were evac- 
uated from their tomes by 
police, and traffic was held 
□p as the bomb was re- 
moved. Experts had spent 
six months searching for 
the device. 

Vienna (Renter) — Alba- 
nians wfll vote for a new 
People's Assembly on Feb- 
ruary 1. 

The last time the inhab- 
itants of the secretive 
Stalinist state eleried a 
parliament, four years ago, 
duty one ’ native ballot 
was cast while 1,627,959 
electors voted for the single 
officially approved can- 
didate for each district 


W H 

Dam houses reprieve 

Madrid - The Spanish Government has suspended all 
further demolition work on houses in R*aflo, a town w hich is 
to be submerged in a dam project, after protests from angry 
residents (Harry Debefius writes). 

The work was halted temporarily last week fcj a court or- 
der while a judge studies allegations of illegal expropria- 
tions. The Government has promised to respect the court's 
eventual derision. 

Word of the Christmas reprieve reached Ratoon Monday 
night, only a matter of horns after a ci vil g uard police col- 
umn, heading for the town, to protect construction mac hin er y 
from angry residents, found its way blocked by a tree trunk 
across the road. The police also found several plastic bags, 
one of which contained a small home-made bomb. 

South Africa’s day of division 

Whites on holiday 
as blacks protest 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

The Day of the Covenant 
when white Afrikaners com- 
memorate the victory of their 
Boer ancestors over Zulu 
forces at the Battle of Blood 
River in 1838. appeared to 
have passed quietly yesterday. 

The celebration of the an- 
nual holiday coincided with 
the stan of a 10-day “Christ- 
mas against the Emergency 
campaign organized by the 
United Democratic Front, the 
Congress of South African 
Trade Unions (Cosatu), the 
, South African Council of 
Churches and other mainly 
black opposition groups. 

Yesterday was also the 25th 
anniversary of the first sabo- 
tage attacks carried out by 
Umkhonto we Sizwe, the 
guerrilla organization created 
bv the African National Cong- 
ress (ANQ after it was out- 
lawed and driven under- 
ground in i960. 

On Monday night orders 
were served by the Divisional 
Commissioner of Police for 
the Witwaiersrand on two 
Johannesburg newspapers 
prohibiting them from carry- 
ing anv statements in support 
of the’ Christinas campa^n, 
organized by a list of specified 

The two papers affected are 
4i me jbwe/an, a daily written by 
and for blacks, and The 
Weekly Mail, a crusading lib- 
eral paper which was started 
bv journalists made redun- 
dant when the Rand Daily 
Mail was closed by its owners 

‘^n^Monday. the Soweian 
carried a full-page advertiK- 
meni for the Christmas cam- 
osign, which may have been 
responsible for prompting the 


whose support for the Christ- 
mas protest may not be re- 
ported by the Soweian and 
The Wttklv Mail are the 
UDF, Cosatu. the SACC, the 
End Conscription Campaign, 
which opposes compulsory 
military service for whites, the 
Black Sash, a civil rights group 
run by white women, and the 
Detainees' Parents’ Support 

The protest called for 
church bells to be tolled at 
6 am yesterday and again at 
the same time on December 
26, to mark the end of the 10- 
day period. 

Township residents were 
asked to put out electric lights 
between 7 and 9 pm yesterday 
and on December 24, and to 
put lighted candles in their 
windows. There is still no 
clear picture of the response to 
the campaign, but sources in 
Soweto said that the tolling of 
church bells did not appear to 
have taken place. 

• Mandela meeting: Mr Ko- 
bie Coeisee, the South African 
Minister of Justice, has dis- 
closed that be has met the 
jailed ANC leader, Mr Nelson 
Mandela. But he has declined 
io reveal the time or the 
purpose of the meeting. 

“I have met him, but the 
nature of our meeting is 
confidential," Mr Coeisee says 
in an interview in the South 
African monthly magazine 

Leadership. , „ 

Mr Coeisee says it is unfoir 
that Mr Mandela “remains 
incarcerated by his own peo- 
ple through iheir pursuit of 
violence and that they expect 
him to remain in prison 
because they do not wish to 
give up violence themselves. 

“He is carrying this burden 
in an admirable manner* 1 . 

Gorbachov sees 
Thatcher as 
strongest voice 
after Reagan 

By Andrew McEweu, Diplomatic Correspondent 

An extraordinary hint that 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov sees 
Mis Thatcher as the strongest 
voice in the western alliance 
apart from President Reagan 
emerged yesterday. 

An analysis of remarks 
made by the Soviet leader 
during a meeting with the 
British Ambassador to Russia, 
Sir Bryan Canicdge, produced 
a sense of confidence and 
satisfaction in Whitehall 

Sir Bryan's report is being 
■interpreted in these ways: 

• Mr Gorbachov is attaching 
great importance to the Prime 
Minister’s visit in the spring. 
He has a very high regard for 
her international status. 

• He believes her visit is 
timely in the disarmament 
context. Although she has no 
mandate to negotiate on be- 
half of the West, she is more 
able than anyone else to cut 
through the contusion in the 
West that has followed 

• He recognizes that her 
views have prevailed over 
President Reagan's on disarm- 
ament priorities. The views 
she hammered home during 
her Camp David talks with 
President Reagan in Novem- 
ber were endorsed at last 
week's meeting of Nato for- 
eign ministers in Brussels. 

President Reagan has taddy 
conceded a wholly different 
approach to the one he offered 
to Mr Gorbachov at Reykja- 

Mr Gorbachov likes Presi- 
dent Reagan's priorities better 
than those of Mrs Thatcher, 
but has taken on board the 
message that she has proved 
the authentic voice of the 

Four dear points of view 

Last of the 
old guard 

From Christopher Walker 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachov yes- 
terday further consolidated 
his dominance in the Kremlin 
when Mir Dinmukhamed Ku- 
nayev, one of the last remain- 
ing members of the Brezhnev 
“old guard” still serving in the 
Politburo, was removed from 
his post as Communist Party 
leader in the Central Asian 
republic of Kazakhstan, the 
second hugest of the Soviet 

A Tass announcement said 
that Mr Kunayev, aged 74, 
had sought retirement, but 
made none of the flattering 
remarks normally associated 
with such a move. 

It reported that he had been 
replaced by Mr Gennady 
Kofoin, aged 59, a noted 
Gorbachov loyalist and Rus- 
sian national who has been 
prominent in the anti-vodka 

Although Mr Kunayev re- 
mains m the Politburo tem- 
porarily, he is expected to be 
removed at the next plenary 
meeting of the Communist 
Party Central Committee, 
which is expected soon. 

The sudden end to his long 
career appears to have been 
accelerated by a number of 
recent corruption scandals in 
the republic, where he has held 
power since 1964. 

Yesterday's move is seen as 
a significan t pointer to Mr 
Gorbachov’s progress in con- 
solidating his control at the 
centre of the Soviet Govern- 
ment machine at a time when 
his ambitious reform pro- 
gramme has been running into 
resistance at the middle-level 
of party bureaucracy. 

Some Western analysts had 
expected Mr Kunayev, a long- 
time ally of the late Leonid 
Brezhnev, to be dismissed at 
the party’s 27th Congress in 

Mr Kunayev's survival then 
was taken as evidence that Mr 
Gorbachov had • still not 
achieved a completely domi- 
nant position in the Politburo. 

His replacement by a man 
so obviously in the Gorba-. 
chov mould has raised a new 
question mark over the future 
of the other veteran Brezhnev 
associate still inside the 12- 
man Politburo, Mr Vladimir 
Sbcherbitsky, aged 68, the 
leader of the Ukrainian Com- 
munist Party. 

Western observers believe 
that he is likely to be replaced 
soon by a younger man. 

have emerged since the Octo- 
ber Summit in Iceland: 

• The area of agreement is on 
the proposal to eliminate 50 
per cent of Soviet and Ameri- 
can strategic nuclear weapons 
over five years. During this 
period intermediate range 
nuclear forces would be re- 
moved from Europe, short- 
range missiles reduced, chem- 
ical weapons banned, and 
there would be talks on con- 
ventional forces. All this 
would be achieved without 
compromising the British and 
French deterrents. 

The disagreement is on the 
conditions: Moscow insisting 
that tiie five-year project 
should be part of a 10-year 
plan, while the West wants to 
take it step by step. 

• Mr Gorbachov is firmly 
Sticking to his vision that all 
nuclear weapons should be eli- 
minated at the end of 1 0 years. 
In his meeting with Sir Bryan 
he again stressed that there 
should be no dilution of this 
vision — meaning no attempt 
to exclude Washington's 
Strategic Defence Initiative. 

• President Reagan's propos- 
al for elimination of all ballis- 
tic missiles at the end of 10 
years was the major point of 
contention with the European 
allies. It was Mrs Thatcher 
who impressed on him Euro- 
pean fears that this would 
leave Weston Europe danger- 
ously exposed to Moscow’s 
superior conventional forces. 

• The essence of the new 
priorities agreed at Camp 
David and endorsed by Nato 
was to treat the first half of the 
plan as an end itself; setting 
talk of the second five-year 
plan on one side for the time 


sl gives 

TJ p « 




Another opening . . . Two veterans of the world of music, Frank Sinatra, left, and the pianist, 
Vladimir Horowitz, on stage again at the 95-year-old Carnegie Hall in New York. The hail 
has been silent for more than eight months during a £35 milli on renovation. 


From David Watts 

The Soviet Union used the 
Vietnamese Communist Party 
congress yesterday to urge 
better relations between Ha- 
noi and Peking. 

Since the key to better 
relations ties in a change in the 
Vietnamese presence in Cam- 
bodia, the remarks by Mr 
Yegor Ligachev, second only 
to Mr Gorbachov in the 
Kremlin, take on added signi- 
ficance when viewed against 
the background of recent 
government changes in Cam- 
bodia and the feet that the 
leader of the Khmer Rouge. 
Pol Pot. is now said to be 
seriously til in Peking. 

With a pat on the back for 
Hanoi's “sensible and fair 

policy" in Cambodia, Mr 
Ligachev, who is leading a 
four-man Soviet delegation, 
said: “The normalization of 
relations between Vietnam 
and China would have a maj- 
or positive effect on improv- 
ing the situation in Asia, on 
improving the international 
climate as a whole.” 

Last week, in an important 
shake-up of the Government 
in Phnom Penh, the Prime 
Minister, Mr Hun Sen. was 
stripped of his party and 
foreign affairs portfolios and 
the Ministers of Defence and 
Planning were replaced. 

The new Foreign Minister, 
Mr Kong Konn, who spent 
some time in the United 
States, might well grove the 
instrument of a fresh ap- 
proach in foreign affairs. 

But Mr Ligachev did not say 
how Vietnam might set about 
improving its contacts with 
Peking, saying only that 
Soviet efforts to improve rela- 
tions would not harm Viet- 
nam. “As to Soviet-Chinese 
relations, wc have favoured 
and favour the development 
of good-neighbourly relations 
with the People's Republic of | 
China on a principled basis, 
without damage to the in- 
terests of other countries." 

Mr Ligachev also referred to 
what the Soviet Union feds is 
Vietnamese waste of re- 
sources. "We are satisfied that 
our co-operation with Viet- 
nam is moving toward more 
realistic ground, taking into 
consideration the real needs 
and possibilities of the Viet- 
namese economy," he said. 

From Diana Geddes 

M Raymond Levy, aged 59, 
was yesterday appointed head 
of Renault the state-owned 
car company, to succeed M 
Georges Sesse. 

He was released by the 
Belgian Government from a 
five-year contract as head of 
the Belgian steel group, Coc- 
kerill Sambre. Renault, the 
largest French industrial con- 
cern outside the French oil 
companies, has been without a 
held since M Besse was killed 
by terrorists outside his Paris 
home four weeks ago. 

Negotiations with the Bel- 
gian Government for M Le- 
vy’s release were long and dif- 
ficult and were completed 
only after M Jacques Chirac, 
the French Prime Minister, 
intervened last weekend. Both 
sides have denied reports 
Paris made “concessions". 

M Levy's appointment is 
due to be confirmed 21 today's 
Cabinet meeting, after his 
formal election to the presi- 
dency of Renault by a special 
meeting of the company's 
board of directors yesterday. 

Like M Besse. M Levy is a 
graduate of the elite Ecole 
Polyiechniquc and of the 
Ecole des Mines. 

Aficra short spell in the coal 
mines of northern France, he 
quickly moved into oil. be- 
coming head of Elf-France in 
1975 and vice-president ofElf- 
Aquitaine in 1976. In 19S2 he 
was appointed head of the 
newly nationalized Usinor 
steel group, but his two-year 
contract was not renewed in 

© Employers' chief: M Fran- 
cois Pfcrigot, aged 60. the head 
of Unilever France, was 
elected president of the main 
French employers' union, the 
CNPF, yesterday to succeed 
M Yvon Gattaz, who had 
decided not to run again after 
the end of his five-year term. 

Mr Kunayev: Kazakhstan 
party boss since 1964. 

New Nationwide Capi 

--tan m 

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And that extra interest is 

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The minimum deposit . is just 
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Bond with 90 days’ notice, or 
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In India they don’t have quite the same 
problem that we have at home. 

With temperatures well up in the hundreds 
before the rains come, their major concern is 
to keep the heat out, not in. 

But the principle is the same. Insulation. 

And the best insulation in the world, they 
seem to agree, comes all the way from a company 
based in St. Helens. 

A company that has successfully built itself 
up to become the world’s leading glass company. 

All the five star hotels in India, including 
The Oberoi, are insulated with Pilkington 

You don’t, however, have to indulge in the 
luxuries of the old Raj to appreciate the benefits 
of Pilkington’s insulation materials. 

The chances are thatyou already do, because 
Pilkington produces more of the insulating 
products used in homes in this country than 
all our competitors put together. 

Products like Kappafloat, a most remarkable 
glass which, when used in double glazing gives 
it the performance of triple glazing. 

Like Fibreglass Supawrap special insulation 
for roofs. Like Crown cavity wall insulation. 

Pilkington insulates powerstations in Hong 
Kong and military barracks in the Falklands. 

They also insulate hospitals in the Middle 
East and oil rigs in the cold North Sea. 

No other glass company produces as wide a 
range of products, from flat glass to safety glass 

The chefs special vindaloo and a bit too much of that lime pickle 

for windscreens, from ophthalmic lenses to 
optics for missile guidance systems. 

This all goes to make a worldwide turnover 
of around £2,000,000,000, most of which comes 
from abroad. 

All over the world they make things safer, 
healthier and more comfortable for the local, not 
to mention the traveller. 

Although there are some pickles that even 
Pilkington can’t help him out of 


The worlds leading glass company. 



Walker will be the first I Karachi death toll reaches 140 as ethnic violence continues 

( estent minister to' 
pect Chernobyl site 

Mr Peter Walker, the Sec- 
retory of Slate for Energy. i 5 
due today 10 become the 'first 
important Western politician 
permitted to visit the sue of 
the Chernobyl nuclear disaster 
in a move the Kremlin hopes 

un 11 h^tn ill#. A 

that it has successfully sealed 
the reactor which exploded on 
April 26. 

A senior British official told 
The Times that Mr Walker is 
flying ihe 80 miles from Kiev 
to the power station by Soviet 
helicopter and is later return- 
ing io Moscow to give a press 
conference. The visit has been 
arranged under the Anglo- 
Soviet energy agreement 
which was signed shortly be- 
fore ihe disaster. 

Premia yesterday carried a 
front-page editorial claiming 
that the giant concrete struc- 
ture encasing the reactor was 
operational and the number 
four reactor had “ceased to be 
the source of radioactive 
contamination of the en- 

The official Communist 
Party newspaper said: “The 
unique structure, designed by 
Soviet scientists and en- 
gineers. is complete with all 
the necessary equipment, 
diagnostic and checking fa- 
cilities. About 300.000 cubic 
metres (392,000 cubic yards) 
of concrete and 6,000 tons of 
metal constructions have been 
laid into the ‘sarcophagus'.*’ 

Although Soviet authorities 
have refused to lift the 7V:- 
moDth-oId ban preventing 
Western newsmen from visit- 
ing the scene of the accident, it 
has been possible to piece 
together a picture of the 
conditions Mr Walker will 
find there from interviews 
with officials and Soviet staff 
now at the site. 

Soviet sources say that sev- 
eral thousand conscripted sol- 

From Christopher Walker, Kiev 

diers are working at the plant 
and the 18-mile- wide “dead 
zone" around, it on a huge de- 
contamination operation. 

Although officials acknow- 
ledge that there has been some 
discontent among those in- 

from the Baltic republic of 
Estonia), they deny reports 
circulated by Soviet emigres 

Mr Walken Kre mlin Imping 

his visit wUI convince world. 

that soldiers are sent there as 

A senior Estonian official 
said recently: “Perhaps a man 
.who had two children and has 
a third on the way would ask 
and be given permission to 
return home. But that is the 
extent of the discontent 

“1 can assure you that there 
has been no mutiny or execu- 
tion of soldiers as claimed by 
some irresponsible sources in 
the West” 

In addition to the soldiers, 
whose units are rotated on a 
regular basis to prevent in- 
dividuals suffering dangerous 
levels of radiation, more than 
700 Soviet experts and work- 
ers are voluntarily manning 
the plant where two of the four 
1, 000-megawatt reactors are 
back in operation. 

According to Soviet figures, 
about 80 per cent of the 
current workforce were work- 

ing at Chernobyl at the time of 
the accident, but none of the 
firemen who fought the blaze 
has been asked to return. 

“It would be quite in- 
humane for any of them to go 
back," explained Dr Rais3 

All the staff change into 
white protective coats and 
hats on arrival and each wears 
a Geiger- Muller counter wh- 
ich is programmed to emit a 
loud warning if a dangerous 
persona] level of radiation is 

Mr Gennady Dik, a senior 
engineer who commutes be- 
tween Chernobyl and a new 
fiat in Kiev — one of 8,000 
homes in the dty allocated to 
Chernobyl evacuees — ap- 
peared convinced that wor- 
king at the station posed no 
great danger. 

The two televisions in his 
spacious flat were a reminder 
that Chernobyl staff are paid 
two to three times their nor- 
mal wages as an incentive. 

His neighbour, Mr Lenid 
Vodaiasko, aged 44, a shift 
supervisor who has worked at 
the Ukrainian plant since 
1975. said that there was “a 
wartime spirit" among those 
employed there. 

Neither of them was pre- 
pared to discuss the work of 
the military de-contamination • 
squads, which remain the 
most controversial element in 
the dean-up exercise. Western 
experts predict that some of 
those involved could face 
long-term health hazards. 

Recent figures show that de- 
contamination has been car- 
ried out in 500 populated 
places inside the “dead zone" 
and in 60,000 buildings there. 

Dozens of dykes have been 
constructed to try to protect 
water sources and these could 
face a severe test when the 
winter snows melt next spring. 

New leader promises ‘breath of fresh air* 

Trinidad and Tobago shocks 
itself with poll landslide 

From Jeremy Taylor, Port of Spain 

Trinidad and Tobago star- 
tled itself with the vehemence 
of Monday’s revolt against the 
People's National Movement 
(PNM), the party which had 
governed for 30 years. 

Behind the jubilation of 
Monday night there was a 
sense of astonishment and 
even alarm at the bravado 
which not only inflicted a 
crushing 33-3 defeat on the 
ruling party, but threw the 
Prime Minister and most of 
his Cabinet out of their seals. 

Even the new Prime Min- 
ister, Mr A N R Robinson, 
seemed amazed at the size of 
his victory as he declared that 
he would give Trinidad and 
Tobago “a breath of fresh air 
and a fresh start”. 

• The PNM now feces a 
massive task of rebuilding. 
Only two ministers survived 
the massacre: Mr Patrick 
Manning, who bad been En- 
ergy Minister, and Mrs Muriel 
Donawa-McDavidson, the 
Minister of Sport. Culture and 
Youth Affairs, one of whom 

will now become the Opposi- 
tion leader. The only new- 
comer was Mr Morris Mar- 
shall, head of die PNM’s 
Youth League. 

The personal defeat of Mr 
ChambCTs was . unexpected. 
He was decisively beaten in 
the constituency he had held 
for 20 years by Senator Lin- 
coln Myers, who earlier this 
year staged a 40-day fast on 
the steps of the Hall of Justice 
in Port of Spain to protest 
against the Government's fail- 
ure to deal with corruption 
and accountability. 

The National Alliance for 
Reconstruction (N AR), which 
forms the new Government, 
emerged only last February 
from the existing main op- 
position groups, which had 
inflicted defeats on the PNM 
in load government elections 
in 1983 and in elections to the 
Tobago House of Assembly in 
1980 and 1984. Their fusion 
Into one party provided Trini- 
dad and Tobago with the 
plausible alternative to the 



1 ;T£#v Vi . ' •• 

MtArtta Robinson, Trinidad md Ws«wP^ 
Minister, being congratulated by a jubilant supporter. 

si- PNM which had never devel- 
w- oped because of ethnic 
tr- divisions. 

s The NAR quickly began to 
exploit the public desire for 
“ change and mounted a moral 
?- crusade against corruption, 
“ financial waste, inefficiency, 
[ d the failure to deal with a 
growing drug problem or to 
15 bring corrupt officials to book, 
,n and the PNM’s slide into 
x aloofness and cynicism. Sen- 
si ator Myers's fast, and the 
^ defection from the PNM of a 
,n former Attorney-General who 
had made a reputation for 
fighting corruption, Mr 
Selwyn Richardson, focused 
‘L these concerns. 

7 As the oil-based economy 
J began to contract sharply in 
^ the aftermath of the 1974-83 
.. oil boom and this year’s fell in 
oil prices, unemployment be- 
n came an urgent issue, with the 
_ NAR claiming that over 
- 100,000 people in a labour 

force of 460,000 were without 

The NAR has a 29-point 
Immediate Action Plan which 
includes the introduction of 
legislation to curb corruption, 
the streamlining of the public 
service, decentralization of 
government power and a 
rapprochement with the pri- 
vate sector. It favours an 
expansionary policy to stimu- 
late employment, and says it 
will put new emphasis on 
investment and savings. It has 
promised immediate tax relief 
for low-paid workers. 

Internationally, the NAR 
will maintain dose relations 
with Britain and the United 
States, while putting stronger 
H emphasis on Caribbean co- 
operation, contacts with 
neighbouring Venezuela, and 
relations with other develop- 
§ ing countries. It will offer dual 
3 citizenship to nationals. The 
strained relations between To- 
bago and Trinidad are likely 
to be healed under a 
Tobagonian Prime Minister, 
and the NAR has promised 
major development work in 
Tobago, the largely neglected 
centre of the nation's tourism. 

Leading article, page 19 

Port of Spain - Mr Arthur Raymond 

Napoleon Robinson has ^JSSjLSl 
popularity ratings m Truudad and Tobagofor 
months (Jeremy Taylor mites). Jb a poU 
published a week before 
per cent of respondeate rated bn 
choice for frime Munster art of a gMcd 
eight The then Prune MrC^e 

Chambers, ran a poor 

diffident bnt he is 

sincere and speaks with vehemence warn** 
principles are engapd-He 
moralistic streak and argued repeswwiy 

National Movement ^ at 

studied at St John's CoUega. Orfotfl. am 
the Inner Temple in i Lo^mj. . . . 

When he returned to Trinidad 

young barrister, he came under the influence of 
Dr Eric Williams, who was preparing to lannch 
the PNM as a new nationalist force which 
weald win seMLrale and later Independence 
from Britain. Mr Robinson became a founder 
member of the PNM aid entered Parliament 
as an MP for Tobago in J961 and served under 
Dr W illiams as Finance and Foreign Minister. 

Trinidad's Mack power upheaval in 1970 
came dose to toppling the Williams govern- 
ment, and disagreement over the handling of 
the affair led to Mr Robinson's resignation 
from the government and the party. He formed 
the Action Committee of Democratic Citizens, 
which took part in a boycott of the 1971 
election to protest at the use of voting machines 
and the lowering of the voting age. 

Later he launched the Democratic Action 
Congress (DAC) which won the two Tobago 
seats from the PNM in 1976. From then on, 
Mr Robinson was perceived as a Tobago 
leader, and friction between Tobago and the 
central government in Trinidad grew. Under 
pressure, Dr Williams set up the Tobago 
House of Assembly in 1980, and the DAC won 
majorities there in 1980 and 1984. 

A pail of smoke hanging over two Mazing railway carriages near Karachi after they, were set on fire by rioters during three 

Inflation threatens 
reforms in Israel 

From lan Murray, Jerusalem 

The spectre of byper-infla- cent a year to about 20 per 
tion has risen to haunt the cent 
Israeli Government at the very The inflation rate for last 

moment negotiations to bring month shows an increase of 
in wide-ranging reforms of the 2.9 per cent, nearly I per cent 
taxation system and capital higher than the economic 
market have become dan- planners had hoped for. This 
gerotcsly bogged down. is the third consecutive 

At the t*™* time, both monthly rise and means that 
unions and management are U* index since the beginning 
refusing toTc^Tfortber ofthe year tas gone np by 17.9 
austerity measures needed to PW “ nl already and by more 
cut the annual state budget by than 7 per cent in the last three 
500 m3Han shekels (abont months. 

£250 millio n). Mr Moshe Nissan, the Fi- 

The gl o om y economic pic- nance Minister, has been try- 
tare is ceasing serious strains ins to introduce a series of 
inside the National Unity reforms to honour a promise to 
Government, which Is strng- the US Treasury to liberalize 
gfing to pm together a second- the economy and encourage 
litap* wnniwif plan to take private investment 
over from the one introduced This essentially means a 
in July of last year. That reform of the taxation system, 
succeeded in bringing down which soaks op about 60 per 
inflation from about 450 per cent of the national wealth. 

From A Correspondent 

The death toll rose to 140 in 
Karachi yesterday as violence 
continued on the third day of 
the worst ethnic riots seen 

Thirteen bullet-riddled and 
charred bodies were brought 
to cuy hospitals yesterday 
morning as a result of the 
current wave of ethnic vio- 
lence between Fash tuns from 
Pakistan's North West Fron- 
tier Province and the Urdu- 
speaking Mohajirs (refugees) 
which broke out on Sunday. 

More than 50 people were 
killed in similar clashes in the 
port city last month. Most of 
the dead were from the Orangi 
town area, where more than 
70 people have been killed 
since Sunday. 

The city was deserted as 
public transport remained off 
the roads and industrial, com- 
mercial and financial centres 
were dosed. 

Senior police confirmed ex- 
changes of fire between patrol- 
ling troops and unknown 
persons in Qasba colony, near 
Orangi township, which has 

been the centre of clashes for 
the past three days. 

A hill beside the Qasba 
colony, where Pash tun rioters 
were firing on Bibaris, was 
taken by troops late on Mon- 

President Ershad of Bangla- 
desh yesterday set free more 
than 2J>00 political prisoners 
in a new trace offer to the 
opposition which has bean 
for his removal (Ah- 
med FazJ writes from Dhaka). 

However, the authorities 
have refhsed to pardon three 
members of the Awaml League 
who are sentenced to death for 
rebellion against the army 11 
years ago, before President 
Ershad came to power. 

day night after a fierce clash 
with the occupants. 

Officials said the operation 
started at 8 pm on Monday. 
The exchange continued for 
several hours and troops cap- 
tured the hill at midnight. 

The Qasba colony and ad- 
jacent Orangi town area was 
put under curlew on Sunday 
night after dashes between 
Pash tuns and Urdu-speaking 

*■ \f V 



days of unrest in Pakistan. 

Biharis, migrants from Ban- 
gladesh, which left 50 dead 
and more than 200 injured. 

Seventy were killed and 
several hundred injured in 
bloody dashes on Monday. 

Shops, houses, commercial 
premises and three railway 
stations were set on fire during 
day-long rioting on the second 
day of the fresh ethnic clashes, 
which were triggered off as 
reaction to an army operation 
against drug dealers in the 
Sohrab Goth district, a pre- 
dominantly Pashiun and Af- 
ghan area. 

The Pash tuns, armed with 
automatic rifles, went on a 
killing rampage in Orangi 
town, which has been the 
centre of ethnic clashes for the 
past year. 

The mc^t violent incident 
took place yesterday in Shah 
Faisal colony, in the eastern 
district of Karachi where two 
people were burnt to death 
and three were shot dead. 

The trouble started when 
private minibus operators 
tried to force people to dose 
shops. One person was burnt 
to death in Malir, a suburb of 

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/ \ 


Bok assa’s smil e fades as tide turns 

Court spectators boo as 
former police chief 
tries to save own skin 

frrem Philip Jacobson. Bancoi 



Jean-Bfcfel Bokassa’s for- 
mer chief of police ended his 
day in court faring the pros- 
pect of being jailed for periurv 
on a truly epic scale. 

# At times when Mr Coreon 
Kazin was giving evidence in 
the trial of the former Em- 
peror of the Central African 
Republic, his efforts to save 
his own skin so enraged 
spectators that he was booed 
and heckled lustily. 

When the public prosecutor 
demanded Mr Kazin’s im- 
mediate detention, the rousing 
cheers and whistles indicated 
that he had not been univer- 
sally popular in his old job. 

The confrontation in the 
Palais de Justice arose from 
attempts to establish whether 
Bokassa could be held respon- 
sible for the disappearance 
and presumed death In 1973 
of Mr Alexandre M’Bongo, a 
minister in his government. 

According to Mr M'Bongo's' 
widow Celesline. a large, 
handsome lady in a Hawiing 
green dress, her husband (who 
was also Bokassa’s cousin) 
had been seized and thrown 
into the notorious Ngaraba 
jail in the capital on suspicion 
of plotting against the em- 
peror. Standing inches from 
Bokassa before the bench, Mrs 
M’Bongo gave a long and 
emotional account in Sango, 
the national language, of her 
desperate efforts to find and 
save her husband. 

She never once looked at 
Bokassa, standing at attention 
as usual, occasionally shifting 
his weight from foot to foot. 
He appeared to be in a chirpy 
mood, playing to the gallery 
with occasional off-hand re- 
marks. On one such occasion. 
Mr Edouard Frank, the presid- 
ing judge, brought him sharply 
to order with a dang on the 

& Philip Jacobson, Bangui 

brass ship’s bell before him. 

The fur started flying when 
Mr Kazin, who was barely out 
of his teens when Bokassa put 
him in charge of the police, 
took the stand to testily. 

In his eagerness to distance 
himself from the M’Bongo 
anair. he came close to deny- 
ing that be knew anything 
about any of the duties nor- 
mally associated with such an 
important person. Certainly 
nothing would induce him to 
admit the slightest knowledge 
of or connection with the 
demise of Mr M’Bongo. 

His determination to stay 
clear of this murky business 
produced a series of startling 
contradictions concerning the 
names, places, and 

events he had only just been 
giving to the court. 

The prosecutor could hard- 
ly keep his seat; Bokassa’s two 
French lawyers looked in- 
credulous; Mr Frank glowered 
down from the bench. 

Bit by bit, poor Mr Kazin 
went to pieces. Slowly, the 
prosecution harried him clos- 
er and closer to the point of no 
retreat. The court was ab- 
solutely humming by then and 
you could hear cheers and 
laughter from the large crowd 
listening to the proceedings on 
radios outside. Suddenly Mr 
Kazin broke, aided no doubt 
by an offer of immuni ty from 

His memory miraculously 
restored, be told the court that 
Bokassa had, in feet, spoken to 
him about tbe arrest of Mr 

While all this was happen- 
ing, Bokassa seemed lost in 
thought, sometimes smiling 
sardonically at one of his 
young protege's blunders. But 
he was noticeably less con- 
fident and assertive dining the 

Army threat to break 
Greek refuse strike 

From Mario Modiano, Athens 

The Greek Government is 
threatening to put under rrnli- 

S orders the 25,000 refuse 
xtors and street-sweepers 
of Athens whose strike, now in 
its ninth day, has left mounds 
of rubbish at every coroer. 

The municipal cleaners are 
pressing for higher wages and 
job security, but the socialist 
Government, defending its 
strict austerity policy, refuses- 
to curb its wage freeze or its 
ban on hiring permanent staff 
The cleaners' protest is only 
one aspect oflabour unrest in 
Greece. Thousands of workers 
in Athens last night marched 
to Parliament to protest 

against the ban on pay rises. 
Demonstrations were also 
held in Piraeus and Salonika. 

- The Government is reluc- 
tant to bring in the Army to 
dear the streets of the capital 
Ministers, however, warned 
union leaders that there is an 
increasing hazard to public 
health and they may be forced 
to mobilize the military. 

The health hazard has been 
aggravated by the forays of 
hordes of alley cals and stray 
dogs on the piles of black 
plastic rubbish bags that are 
now part of the Athenian 

“Without food and wine even Venus grows cold” 
- a prospect too painful to contemplate especially 
during the traditional festive season of joy and 

Protect yourselves against such eventuality by the 
timely purchase of our fresh foods and uplifting wines, 
exempli gratia:- 

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Chablis I or Cm. Les Lys. 1985 
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Krug 1979 Champagne 


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45flg tin 
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11b j3r 

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F&M Pruneaux D’Agen Founts 
F&M Terrinc of Foie Gras 

F&M Peaches with Brandy 
F&M Cherries with Kirsch 

F&M Smoked Wild Scorch Salmon 
Finest English Blue Stilton 
Bradenham Ham (whole) 

Fonnum & Mason Hampers mill available, for 
collection, from the Hamper ^P a 7*™ cn 

The -Boughton” (in presentation box, 

The “Coates" (in presentation be. ^ M 


PfcCJiiilh 1 

interrogation that followed Mr 
Kazin’s appearance. 

For the first time he lost his 
impassive calm, wheeling 
round id anger when spec- 
tators laughed derisively at 
something he said. It could 
not have helped his peace of 
mind when one of Mr Frank’s 
fellow judges could be seen 
shaking his head in sheer 
disbelief at the old emperor’s 

After the first day’s hear- 
ings, one felt that the defence 
was ahead ou points. Hie two 
maitres represe n ting Bokassa 
had been confident that it was 
going to prove difficult for the 
prosecution to produce cred- 
ible evidence linking their 
client directly and inescapably 
to the most serious crimes of 
which he is accused 

But the fight is definitely, 
going against them now. 
Bokassa seems to sense this, 
too. “You’ve already con- 
demned me; give me a last 
chance to speak,” he shouted 
after one particularly sharp 
clash with the prosecution.' 
Given the special circum- 
stances of this trial he might 

French firms in Barcelona become target for Eta bombs 

One of 24: 

qnc uijiucu a bomb that exploded at the office of a French furniture company in Barcelona being taken on a 
■ medical treatment. No group claimed responsibility but police Maine Eta, tbe militant Basque separatists. 

.New Zealand urged to adopt new voting system 

From Richard Long 

The New Zealand Govern- 
ment has been urged by a 
royal commission to abandon 
tbe first-past-the-post elec- 
toral voting system in favour 
of the system of proportional 
representation used in West 

A royal commission into 1 
the electoral system also called 
for a referendum into extend- 

ing the present 
parliamentary term to four 
years. The number of MPs, it 
said should be increased from 
95 to 120. 

Mr Geoffrey Palmer, the 
Deputy Prime Minister, ta- 
bling the report in Parliament, 
said that the recommenda- 
tions had to be considered 
seriously, though it could take 
New Zealanders some time to 
get used to the idea. He ruled 
'out a referendum to coincide 

with next year's general elec- 
lion, saying this was too soon. 

But Mr Jim Bolger, the 
leader of the Opposition, 
spoke against any change to 
the system. 

Mr Justice Wallace, the 
commission chairman, said 
proportional representation 
would bring a degree of safe- 
guard and a degree of check on 
the absolute power of govern- 
ments in the single-chamber 
parliam entary system. 

While the Labour Govern- 
ment of Mr David Lange has a 
i 5-seat majority in the 95-seat 
Parliament, under a propor- 
tional representation vote in 
the larger assembly, the voting 
last election would have re- 
quired a coalition govern- 
ment Labour would have 
won 53 seats, National 44. the 
New Zealand Party 15 and 
Social Credit nine, according 
to Dr John Darwin, a former 
government statistician 

From Richard Wigg 

Two bomb attacks on 
French business interests in 
Barcelona early yesterday 
have led Spanish police to 
believe rtwr Eta’s military 
wing has now taken the large 
industrial city as its target for 
protesting against the height- 
ened French collaboration 
with Madrid over terrorism. 

Tbe Basque armed sepa- 
ratist organization, by claim- 
ing responsibility last week for 
an explosion which damaged 
the premises of one of the 
principal Citroen dealers in 
Barcelona, had already made 
dear its “hint” that the pablic 
should boycott French busi- 
ness interests in Spain. 

Five people were still in 
hospital yesterday with inju- 
ries, one of them in a grave 
condition, after an explosion of 
about 30 lb of “Goma 2” had 
damaged the ground-floor 
showrooms of Roche Bobws, a 
French modern fimuture firm, 
and flats on the first and 
second floors 

People were awakened fej 
the explosion, and some left 
their damaged flats to stay for 
the night in a hotel near by. 

A smaller explosion had 

earlier started a fire at the 
offices of Ricard, the French 
drink concern, in a modern 
business Mock, injuring one 

“Eta is evidently seeking a 
new zone in which to operate,” 
Senor Jordi Pujol the Catalan 
Chief Minister, commented 
after an inspection of the 
damage. He said Barcelona 
offered ideal terrain for 



JJoliday offers are everywhere! 

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Thriving can suddenly become an 
un-moving experience. 

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Qne telly might not be enough for you. 

M idland Save and Borrow is the 
ideal account for regular savers. 
Once the account is agreed it gives 
you that bit extra whenever you need 
it without even having to ask the 
bank — you simply use your Save 
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tney sell more than probably anyone' else in the world. 

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\Ceii over 120.000 tennis, squash and badminton racquets of all 

types pass hands in Olympus Sport stores every year. 

It's typical of the energy that Olympus Sport put into the 

* *2 e*s e> 

wnoie game or sports retailing. 

Since joining the Sears Group in 1978 their aim has been to 
win that game. The strategy was simple: identify the market (young, 

fashionable, active) and go for it, 

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The result k a national chain of highly exciting stores that have 
revolutionised the selling of sportswear, shoes and equipment. 

The stores are creative and innovative. (Olympus pioneered 
the use of video wails.) The goods are displayed in imaginative ways. 

7-**s . f: = tl 

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It is accepted in a list of stores that reads like a Who’s Who of 

ri-sn street, *; pee below, i 

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if vou would like one, send for an application form and written 

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The MI5 case: a ‘pavape* of legal manoeuvring 

Judge challenges Whitehall to 
answers for chance of success 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

For the second successive 
day, Whitehall’s final sub- 
missions in the MIS book trial 
came under sustained pres- 
sure yesterday as Mr Justice 
Powell spelled out what he 
sees as loopholes in its argu- 
ment for having Mr Peter 
Wright's book suppressed. 

And in repeatedly challeng- 
ing, the British case, the judge 
indicated that he expected the 
Government to try to answer 
the points he has raised if it is 
to have any chance of success. 

Not for the first time, he 
questioned the value of the 
evidence given by Sir Robert 
Armstrong, the Cabinet Sec- 
retary, who he said bad been 
sent out by the Government 
“as a witness to be cross- 
examined, but not to admit 
too much", and warned that 
these tactics might be counter- 

“If that is the way the 
plain tiff chooses to run the 
case, so be iL It ta ices the 
penalties, as well as taking the 

He said he intended no 
disrespect to Sir Robert, who 
he believed had given ev- 
idence to the best of his 
ability. The fault lay with 
those who had set up Sir 
Robert as the Government's 
main witness, when “he did 
not have the capacity to 

provide me with good, bard, 
usable evidence”. 

The judge referred disparag- 
ingly to the Government's 
latest amendment to its plead- 
ings as “a pavane” of continu- 
ing legal manoeuvring. 

Most of his remarks, how- 
ever, were centred on the Jaa 
that the Government had 
done nothing to stop publica- 
tion of previous books and 
television programmes which 
contained si milar material to 
Mr Wright's book. 

The “ultimate question", be 
said, might be whether White- 
hall - by felling to tty to 
suppress publication in those 
cases, although there had been 
adequate time — had aban- 
doned or surrendered the 
defence that such material was 
protected by a duty of 

Mr Theo Simos, QC, 
appearing for the Govern- 
ment, held to the position that 
it could not be argued that, if 
the Government had ac- 
quiesced in previous publica- 
tions, it was disqualified from 
an injunction in the case of Mr 
Wright, who was distin- 
guished by being an insider in 
the intelligence community. 

Mr Simos took issue on 
specific points raised by- Mr 
WrighL The view in his 
manuscript that Sir Roger 
Hollis, the former bead, of 







If you are selective, elegible, educated and 
single, rd love to meet you. 

I’ve devoted myself to meeting the very 
best and successful unattached men and 
women and then helping them meet one 

My clients are selected only after a thor- 
ough screening process, Helena’s is NOT a 
dating service., it is a Club, personalized & 

Seventeen Years and 6,000 marriages... I 
must be doing something right 



Mr Simos, QC appearing 
for the Government. 
MIS, was a Soviet double 
agent, was a personal one. 

Against it were arrayed the 
results of two internal in- 
vestigations, and a review by 
Lord Trent who had con- 
curred in those inquiries. 

Mr Simos said that, in 
disagreeing, Mr Wright had 
stated his views in the Gra- 
nada television interview and' 
in the dossier forwarded to the 


It could not be said that Mr 
Wright had not been able to 
make his point Why then, Mr 
Simos asked, should he be 
entitled to commit an admit- 
ted breach of confidence on 
the basis that it was in the 
public interest? 

To that the judge responded 
that, if the British Govern- 
ment had instituted an inquiry 
into MIS along the lines of the 
Hope royal commission into 
the Australian security ser- 

vices, he would be more 
inclined to think that there 
was “no justification for 
allowing (Mr Wright) to rabbit 
on incessantly”. 

Mr Simos said their was no 
evidence to support the 
suggestion that there had been 
a conspiracy involving Lord 
Rothschild and the Govern- 
ment to get Mr Chapman 
Fincher’s book. Their Trade Is 
Treachery, published. 

Mr Wright in his evidence 
bad spoken of his belief that 
Lord Rothschild had en- 
couraged him to speak to Mr 
Pincher “with some degree of 
official approval". 

The substance of this ev- 
idence was no more than 
speculation, Mr Simos said, 
and it threw up inconsis- 
tencies aswefl. 

“If publication (of . the 
Pincher book) had been 
‘authorized’ by 'the author- 
ities' for the purpose of 
protecting Lord Rothschild 
(from run 
fifth man 
Sir Roger 
agent, it would have been 
pointless (for Mrs Thatcher) 
to make a statement in the 
House that differed from that 

Mr Simos added that Mr 
Wright's evidence that he 
been “terrified of getting into 
trouble” and had corre- 
sponded with Mr Pincher 
using pseudonyms, did not 
square with his view that Mr 
Fincher’s book had been 

Mr Justice Powell replied 
that, while he might not accept 
the idea of “a conspiracy 
involving Lord Rothschild 
and the British establish- 
ment", he might still be able to 
accept that the imprimatur of 
Government was sought and 
could be held to have been 

(from rumours that he was the 
a) by suggesting that 
■ Hollis was a Russian 

Bogota overrules court 
on drug extraditions 

From Geoffrey Matthews, Bogota 

President Barco of Colom- 
bia has moved swiftly to over- 
turn a controversial Supreme 
Cburt ruling that an extra- 
dition treaty with foe United 
States, specifically designed to 
bring international drug rack- 
eteers to justice, is uncons- 

The President put his sig- 
nature to a law approving the 
treaty on Sunday night, only 
48 hours after foe unanimous 
decision fay the Supreme 
Court had threatened to con- 
vert the nation's drug rack- 
eteers into virtual untouch- 
ables in international law. 

Colombian “mafiosi” con- 
trol up to 80 per cent of the 
world's cocaine trade, US drug 
enforcement agents believe. 

But legal experts here are 
deeply split over the impact of 
President Barco's action, 
which has dearly been taken 
to head off pressure and 
possible reprisals by the 
Reagan Administration. 

Some argue that the 1980 

continues in force as be-' 
But others claim that in 
effect it came into force only 
with his Sunday-night sig- 
nature, the Supreme Court 
decision having rendered pre- 
vious extraditions under the 
treaty unconstitutional. 

Lawyers for several of foe 
12 Colombians extradited to 
foe US, where they have re- 
ceived jail sentences of up to 
30 years, say that they plan to 
seek the release of their clients 
on the basis of the court's rul- 
ing. However, it seems likely 
that the treaty will have to be 
modified and that meanwhile 
it is in a state of suspension. 

The Supreme Court’s de- 
cision triggered widespread 
suspicions that it had been 
taken in the face of death 
threats from foe racketeers. A 
cartoon in El Tiempo. foe 
Botoga Liberal daily news- 
paper, showed a judge ner- 
vously dithering over the issue 
as a Mafia thug pointed a gun 
at his head. 

The US First Lady, 
the Washington al 

j on foe White House floor with children of 
tic corps to watch entertainers at a Christmas party she hasted. 

Surinam looks for heroes as 
it feels bite of rebel war 

From Christopher Thomas, Panuuarfto 

The war is striking home in 
Paramaribo. Every morning 
the bread queue three- 

deep for 100 yards oat of 
Fernandes's bakery and by 
8 am there is nothing left. 

Elsewhere, in this pahn- 
shaded little town, there are 
milk queues and each day 
crowds of people go away 
disappointed. In foe super- 
markets half foe shelves are 
bare. There is beef but no 
chicken. Clothes come cheaper 
in Maty's of Manhattan, and 
prices continue to spiiaL 
People grumble, bat cau- 
tiously ; foe militia is every- 
where, informing on people 
who criticize the mOhary re- 
gime. The wrong word can put 
you in prison for 24 hows, or 
worse. Soldiers are not heavily 
in evidence hut then * 1 presence 
is felt everywhere. 

Paramaribo is not accus- 
tomed to privation. Under 
Dutch role. Which ended in 
1975, Surinam was compar- 
atively prosperous. Since in- 
dependence 180,000 people 
have left lor The Netherlands 
and thousands more have 
crossed into neighbouring 
French Guiana, which contin- 
ually has to expand its refugee 

For a country of 350,000 
people, that kind of exodus 
has had a shattering impact 
Getting out is a national 

Amid all tins trninoB and 
mounting panic, die Gov- 
ernment is .searching for the 
national identity, which seems 
to have got lost somewhere 

between slavery and m- 

It is rmnmsgmg through 
history for foe names of those 
who fought the slave masters 
and colonial raters. There is a 
Strong anti-Dutch hint in the 
proceedings. It is also busy 
creating a language that Suri- 

A battalion of French Marines 
stationed in French Guiana 
has been deployed along the 
border with Su rinam to cope' 
with the influx of refugees and 
stop aimed elements crossing 
(Nicholas Beeston writes). 
Sources at the Ministry of 
Defence in Paris confirmed a 
. report in The Times yesterday 
that Libyan troops were in 
Surinam to support Colonel 
Bouterse against the growing 
rebd insurgency. The ministry 
suspected that at the very least 
Libyan milftaiy instructors 
were in Surinam. . 

nam can call its own, with foe 
ultimate aim of ending Dutch 
as foe official language. 

. Nor words are constantly 
invested .to. wihaiw 1 foe 
vocabulary of a local dialect , 
that most people still call “taki 
takT, despite a fancy new 
name foe Government has 
given it 

The term comes .from the . 
way people say “talk talk”. 
Government employees are 
encouraged to convene in this 
strange tongue which mixes 
riihwa *, . En glish. Dutch, na- 
tive Isliau and an array df . 
other languages. 

It is not au easy task to forge 
a single national identity out of 
such an amujwgiy diverse 
people. In Paramaribo you see 
Chinese dancing the Carib- 
‘ bean salsa, blacks and. Indo- 
nesians eating Indian .carry, 
and Javanese in sarongs can 
he seen floating down the 
street-arm m arm with Emo- 
fiean boyfriends. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Deyri 
Bouterse, the military strong 
man, usually speaks “told 
taki” when he stresses this 
bewildering array of people. It 
b mostly me language of the 
bush Negroes, descendants of 
runaway rack slaves. It is not 
a derogatory term: they ore > 
proud and individnalistic peo- 
ple who live an African way of 
life in thatched torts in jangle 
villages with a chief and a 
strict hierarchy. 

The Government is delving 
into the history of these re- 
mote people and many are 
bang derated to national hero 
-stains. Legends are being tre- 

Mr Rouny Branswijk, foe 
rebels’ leader, went tonne to 
his Negro village when be Irft 
the Army 18 mouths ago. 
Recently soldiers turned up in 
his village a bashe d the chief 
where Mr Bnmswijk could be 
found. “You aimed Jriu/you 
trained him, you find him,” he 
is said to have replied. 

Mr Brunswqk ; roams the 
jungles constantly, but foe 
Array <3° «ever seem to get 
near bun. Without help from 
. the Government, he is becom- 
ing something ef a folk hero. ' 

Claim for 
Bhopal toa 
yague, says 


Delhi —The Union Carbide 
Corporation said yesterday in 
a written statement to ' the 
Bhopal District Chart that foe 
Indian .Government’s claim 
for $3.2 million (£12 million) 
compensation for foe gas trag- 
edy in 1984 was - - “not 
main tainable - ” as it was based 
on vague charges (Kiikhp. 
Nayar writes). • 

The company said the Bho- 
pal plant was run by an Indian 
company — Union Carbide 
India limite d — with the full 
knowledge and approval of 
the fadian Government and 
foe l eafag e was a result of a. 
“deliberate act” of someone 
and not doe to any negligence 
or fault in the process.- Two 
thousand people were killed 
and another 2,000 injured. . 

Union Carbide baa offered 
$350 milli on as an out of court 
settlement when the suit was 
pending before an American 
court. The Indian Govern- 
ment was said to have been 
ready 2 at that time for a 
settlement of about $650 

milli on. -- 

The American court sub- 
sequently held that the case 
should be tried in India and . 
Union Carbide agreed to 
abide by its decision. 

Pilot error 

East Berlin (Reuter) — East 
Germany announced foal pi- 
lot error caused Friday's 
Soviet airliner crash which 
killed 70 people, including 19 
school dtildren. 

Better links 

Cairo (Reuter) — Egypt and 
Israel have agreed to improve 
telephone, links and. discuss 
ways to avoid radio and 
television jamming. 

Welcome tour 

Istanbul (Reuter) — World 
.champion weigh tlifter Naim 
Suleymanoglu, who defected 
from Bulgaria to Turkey last 
week, received a warm wel- 
come in Istanbul yesterday as 
he continued a 10-day tour of 
his new country. 

Ducks off 

Copenhagen (Reuter) — 
Danish veterinary authorities 
have ordered 20,000 imported 
Christinas dudes from Eng- . 
laud to be withdrawn from 
rale because they taste rancid, 
adrondiim to a veterinary 
board official, u*o adderithat : 
the duds were hot a health 
hazard (1 • 

Axe revenge 

Peking (Reuter) — A 15- 
year-oki Chinese youth kilted 
all five, members of a 
shopkeeper’s family with an 
axe because they suspected 
him of stealing money from 
die shop. 

Unsquare meal 

Sydney (Reuter) — A law- 
yer, charged with assaulting 
his wife for serving only- 
vegetarian food, told a court 
he lost his temper on a day 
that began with a breakfast of 
carrot juice and ended with no 




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yj> •«> 

* Forward 

to the 

Yesterday narked the qnar- 
ter-centenary of the African 
National Congress's first bom- 
bing campaign, in 1961; that in 
tons was the 123rd anniver- 
sary of the battle of Blood 
Raver, where the trekiers 
kiBed 3,000 attacking Zulus. 
With such sorry milestones is 
the path of race hatred paced 
^ QBt and consecrated . 


Apartheid (Granada) is a 
told, ambitious, archive-plan. 

* dering stab at a definitive 
bccoent of the processes Hi st j 
have led up to Sooth Africa's I 
current agony. Straddling 
News at Tea, the first two parts 
showed that not even four 
boars spread over two nighrc 
are enough to do the setbfect 

It is, for example, an article 
of the Afrikaner faith — taught 
at school as an incontrovert- 
ible dictum - that the white 
man could not have “stolen” a 
largely uninhabited country. 
This truth Is economical, hot 
® the first part's tight schedule 
restricted the contrary ev- 
idence to a single still of a 

fifth-century scmSptare. 

If the early history of the 
white tribe was sketchy, the 
crucial relations between Brit- 
ish and Dutch were presented 
with admirable clarity. The 
key to the mentality of apart- 
heid is the sense of Inferiority 
felt by the second-class, who 
proceeded to takg out their 
grievances on the third-class. 

This was a legacy id Em- 
pire, and last might the by now 
familiar stills of concentration 
camp victims indicted the 
Britain of tyiDner and Kitch- 
ener. We, now mns teeth, 
looked down from oar moral 
high ground. Dr Verwoerd was 
m, a smiling pig leading the 
chosen p eople steadfastly Into 
the 19th century. 

But perhaps the ghastly bad 
joke that is apartheid does 
need only a sentence or two to 
■convey. A veteran of El Ala- 
mein recalled, at the height of 
tiie battle, putting in a request 
for a rifle. As a black, be was 
officially a non-combatant. 
“Yes, yon can have a gun”, 
conceded his officer, “bat 
providing yon don't shoot any 
of the white people.” For many 
Afrikaners “onr enemy's en- 1 
emy was our friend” — the > 
Breeder bond’s Nazi counec- } 
tions got off lightly here — and 
from that contagion the mod- 1 
era dispensation drew sus- 

Revival of pre-war innocence 

Partnership full of surprises: Daniel Webb with Margaret Tyzack 
(photograph by Donald Cooper) 


Night Must Fall 


Apart from giving the IdUer a four- 
letter last word and slicing 10 minutes 
out of the playing time, EmJyn 
Williams has resisted any itch to 
tinker with the text of this fiftieth- 
anniversary revival of his first hit. 

Here we are, back in Mrs 
Bram son’s woodland bungalow with 
a uniformed staff of three attending 
on the querulous invalid. When the 
law arrives it is in the person of a 
pipe-smoking inspector who ad- 
dresses the suspect as "old chap”. As 
for Mrs Bram son's niece, Olivia, as a 
would-be poet naturally she cannot 
take a job and has to settle for life as a 
long-suffering companion to the self- 
ish old woman. 

True, she does have her tweedy 
suitor, Hubert, who seems to have 
taken up residence in the bungalow, 
slumped in an armchair reading out 
newspaper headlines and occa- 
sionally bestirring himself into 
declarations tike “although I'm not 
one of your intellectuals, 1 am 
straight”. It is the world of the pre- 
war West End in all its innocence. 

The question this prompts is 
whether Williams was simply felling 
in with the stage conventions of the 
1 930s. or whether be was taking a rise 
out of them, just as his hero Dan 
(another Welsh nobody) was taking a 
rise out of the Essex rich. Beginning 
with a sinister disappearance, and 
featuring a headless body and a 

sequence of macabre curtain-tines as 
night doses in on a second murder, 
the play is certainly a thriller. But it is 
the kind of thriller a murderer might 
have written for his victims' 

For a start, the household is made 
up of people who like a good murder, 
and then find themselves changed 
from spectators to participants. 
Again, the murderer is an entertainer 
who breezes into their dull company 
like a conjurer at a children's party. 
Indeed, no sooner has Olivia rec- 
ognized him than she changes from 
an interrogator into a besotted 
accomplice: an artistic type falling for 
the real thing. It is a tea .singly 
ambivalent piece with strong under- 
tones of class vengeance, and the 
notion of the criminal as a star actor. 

In John Dove's excellent produc- 
tion the main horrors reside in small 
physical details from which you can 
construct the image of a high-heeled 
shoe projecting from a rubbish- tip or 
a head glued into a hat-box. The sight 
of Margaret Tyzack, left alone, mag- 
isterially arising from her wheelchair i 
is a moment ofauthentic GuignoL 

Miss Tyzack could have done more 
to arouse the loathing of the house- 
hold; what she does present is a 
wickedly accurate portrait of a selfish 
olcUady, very genial as long as she is 
the centre of attention, and quite 
terrifying when she is gripped by 
terror. Her maternal partnership with 
Daniel Webb — who plays Dan as a 
light-footed, charming factotum with 
eyes like flint — lifts their scenes right 
out of period and continually lakes 
you by surprise even though you 
know precisely where they are going. 

Irving Wardle 

Well-dressed, but vacuous 

Martin Cropper 

F or the second year 
running Bob Crowley 
was nominated for 
the Laurence Olivier 
Designer of the Year 
Award, this time notably for 
his work on the RSCs Les 
Liaisons dangereuses ; and for 
the second year running he 
lost out to William Dudley. 
Crowley remains relaxed 
about it, knowing that the 
nomination is an accolade in 
itself and secure in the quality 
of his work on Christopher 
Hampton's award-winning 
play. Only his 1985 set for 
Love’s Labours Lost, with its 
forest of flower-like parasols, 
has received more extravagant 

Les Liaisons dangereuses 
was originally put on in 
Stratford, at the Other Place, 
which Crowley describes as “a 
<*„ tin shed in a car-park, where 
~ you have a floor and a back 
wall and a very limited budget 
with which to create another 
world, another century, an- 
other society”. His elegantly 
simple solution was to dress 
both set and characters in 
white (“all those hot passions 
dressed in cool clothes”) and 
to provide a meandering, 
assymetricai set furnished 
with enough slatted screens 
and negligently-draped day- 
beds to allow any number of 
louche assignations in and 
around aristocratic 18th-cen- 
tury Paris. 

Born in Cork 34 years ago, 
Crowley spent two years at the 
^ antiquated Crawford Munici-, 
pal Academy of Fine Art 
there, learning what he did not 

Original Gifts 

Neo Georgian Shaded 

Welsh Quilted Silk 

Monogrammed Note Pads 

In Leather Holders, 
Austrian Wax Tree 
Decorations, and more 




New York 

The first-act finale of 5m/7e is 
a sparkling spoof of the talent 
competitions most American 
beauty pageants include to 
assuage our nation's puritani- 
cal conscience about ogling 
pretty young girls. Tap dancer, 
ventriloquist, soul singer, ba- 
ton- twirier, musical cooking 
demonstrator and dramatic 
reader-cum-stripteaser per- 
form, culminating with con- 
testants in hot pink satin 
shorts spangled with stars 
forming a high-kicking line. 

If only the number were 
representative of the whole 
show. Smile -might be the big 
American musical hit people 
here have been praying for. It 
is not. however — not even in 
the first-act finale. The action 
plods on to show the effect of 
the talent competition on the 
contestants, and a cynical 
promoter overriding an unjust 

Bob Crowley (right), 
acclaimed designer of 
Les Liaisons 
dangereuses, tackles a 
very different play in 
A Penny for a Song , 
which opens at the 
Barbican tonight* 
interview by Anne 
Campbell Dixon 

in the 

want to do (Classical Draw- 
ing), before he enjoyed a 
scholarship year discovering 
his “real purpose” under the 
tutelage of Nat Brenner at the 
Bristol Old Vic Theatre 
School. His star has been 
rising in the English theatre 
ever since. Aside from an 
unhurried friendliness and a 
gentle brogue, the main inher- 
itance of his Irishness is his 
love of the English language — 
this despite, or £e would say 
because of, his being educated 
at a strictiy Gaelic-speaking 
school. He subscribes to Mi- 
chael MacLiammoiris theory 
that the Irish use English so 
well because they are always 
translating, consciously or un- 
consciously, from (he Gaelic. 

His “black box" set Tor 
Stratford's Macbeth, which 
will reach London next year, 
has been knocked as well as 
praised for its minimalism. 
Crowley is gently puzzled by 
the criticism, laughs and asks: 
“Should J have pul in lots of 
climbing ivy and castellated 
walls, and made it look like a ' 

salary decision, rationalizing: 
“It takes a lot of money to do 
our wonderful and worthwhile 
work. After all, dimity is a 

Th.e composer Marvin 
Hamlisch and - the book- 
writer/lyridsl/director How- 
ard Ashman do not know 
when they are ahead. These 
previously astute gentlemen 
(Hamtiscb composed A Cho- 
rus Line and They're Playing 
Our Song, not to mention the 
music for such films as The 
Way We Were, Ashman cre- 
ated Little Shop of Horrors) 
have failed to find a focus and 
tone for Smile. 

Die show, about the 
California state finals in the 
teenage Young American Miss 
pageant, is based on an amus- 
ing 1975 film which was sharp 
and bitchy about the subjectof 
beauty contests. The musical 
tries to have both sentiment 
and spoof and ends up with 
sappiness. Its last image is of 
the first runner-up, who has 
previously sung an ode to 
Disneyland while a star usu- 

ally connoting the Nativity 
hovers in the background, 
following the same star to 
another of the contests the 
cupidity and stupidity of 
which have just been de- 

There are numerous plot 
strands — the contest co- 
ordinator who wants a job 
with the national pageant, her 
husband who wants the con- 
test to remain honest, their 
mischievous son whose secret 
nude photography of contes- 
tants causes a mini-scandal, 
the innocent contestant who 
represents the pageant's pro- 
fessed ideals, her unscru- 
pulous rival, the ever-bopeful 
also-ran — but there is no 
point of view. The show tries 
to balance the “win at any 
cost" and “it's not whether 
you win or lose but how you 
play the game” values at odds 
in American culture. “I think 
the most important thing in 
life is helping others , a 
contestant gushes, “so I want 
to be a model and help the 
mentally retarded.” There is 

All the terrors and tribulations of the talent show; 
Anne Marie Bobby (left) and Jodi Benson 

even a Tinkerbeti sequence nic designs, using a pink and 

when the co-ordinator turns 
the contest audience's atten- 
tion from a gaffe by asking it 
to applaud the ideals the gaffe 
has exposed as tarnished. 

blue theme transposed into 
hot pink and turquoise, are 
pretty, as are Paul Gallo’s 
li ghting and W illiam Ivey 
Long's costumes, which vary 

With no central focus or from athletic- attire to Vic-; 
tone, there is no reason to care torian gowns and parasols.' 


what happens from one mo- 


njent to the next Hamtisch's dancing is lively, and the 
music is unmemorable even production is attractive to 
as it is being played. Ashman's look at and polished. These 
lyrics are merely serviceable are small consolations for the 
and the performances only vacuous nature of the show, 
competent (excepting Michael and no solace at all for lovers 

O’Gorman 's amiable, scruffy 

Douglas W. Schmidt’s s ce- 

of musical theatre. 

Holly Hill 



Wigmore Hall 

Julian Jacobson and Andrew 
Bail, as duo pianists of the 
20th century, have an abun- 
dant repertory at their dis- 
posal: the extraordinary fav- 
ouring of this medium since 
Debussy has possibly had 
something to do with its 
fusion of two personalities, 
and therefore its compar- 
atively anonymous profile, its 
dispassionate stance. But al- 
though this is partly a matter 
of strict rhythmic discipline, 
since no other medium is l»s 
tolerant of imprecision, it 
helps if there is a strong 
tension in the accord, as there 
is with these musicians. 

They are a real yin-yang 
pair, Mr Jacobson robust and 
determined where Mr Ball will 
tend to be contemplative or 
fantastical. Their common 
ground lies in clear-headed 
musicianship and a feeling, 
again very necessary in this 
repertory, for the piano as a 
percussion instrument with an 
immense range of colour. 

One might have thought 
that Messiaen's Visions de 
I'Amen would suit their talents 
admirably, but in fact this was 
the weakest part of their 
recital. The more dynamically 


Festival Hall/ 

Radio 3 

You cannot really remain 
aloof from Sir Georg Solti's 
interpretations. Steering an 
orchestra unanimously thro- 
ugh a huge symphony is a test 
of will, and in this business 
Solti is a strong-man among 
the strong. Orchestral players 
yield to his view, or perish in 
their defiance (I write meta- 
phorically, of course). As lis- 
teners we respond in a 
parallel, though more passive, 
fashion: we are mesmerized 
and thrilled, or we resist to the 
point of intellectual fury. 

It is quite possible to 
bounce from one extreme to 
another. In this performance 
of Mahler's Fifth Symphony, 
for instance, one could easily 
be repelled by Solti's tense, 
mean and literal way with the 
first two movements. Mah- 
ler’s slenderest dynamic mark- 
ings were turned into major 
sonic events; the ensemble 
was often messy; the Funeral 
March lurched without dig- 
nity. Yet one could as easily be 
entranced by his handling of 
the Scherzo and the Adagjetto: 
both of them (and perhaps this 
is significant to one's under- 
standing of Solti) posing 
considerable problems for 
players and conductor. 

charged sections, like Mr 
| Jacobson's “Dance of the 
Stars”, were excellent, but the 
slow music, partly for being so 
square, lacked the grandeur 
that alone can justify it. and 
the ecstasies were equally 
unmotivated. A performance 
that leaves one outside, as an 
inspector, also places the 
music’s vulgarity in an 
embarrassing position. This is 
a work that requires to be 
celebrated and not merely 
played, with whatever brill- 

Stravinsky's Concerto, how- 
ever, just needs brilliant play- 
ing, which here it had; 
inspection is its preferred 
mode of response. The dead- 
pan style of this performance 
reflected the severe stillness 
that lies behind so much 
hectic yet arbitrary activity-, 
and froze the delicacy of the 
nocturne quite properly into a 
picture of romanticism. 

John Casken's new Sala- 
mandra perhaps has fewer 
difficulties of attitude but not 
fewer of technique, for it is a 
“fire-haunt” suggesting more 
the igneous music of Scriabin 
than of Wagner, flaring in 
bursts of arpeggiation around 
fragments of melody that glow 
minimally in the central slow 
section, and burning itself out 
memorably in flickers on a 
rising scale. It certainly proves 
tbe medium is still alive to 
creative imagination. 

Paul Griffiths 

In the Scherzo some quite 
outstanding horo-piaying led 
off a dance that was paced 
steadily and delineated su- 
perbly. The Adagietxo found 
the London Philharmonic's 
strings in silkiiy responsive 
form, and Solti milked the 
sound most unashamedly. 

Those who expected some- 
thing hot-blooded and in- 
tensely Hungarian to be made 
of Bartbk's Third Piano Con- 
certo. with Sold conducting 
and Andras Schiff the soloist, 
might have been disappointed 
by this energetic but emo- 
tionally rather cool perfor- 
mance. Nevertheless there 
was a hard, glittering clarity 
about Schiffs timbre that 
suited the work's outer move- 
ments at least — and also 
displayed to good advantage 
the tonal distinction of the 
pianos independently de- 
signed by the Italian pianist 
Paolo Fazioli. It was the 
Fazioli instrument's concert 
debut in Britain. 

Richard Morrison 

• The Menotti double bill at 
Sadler’s Wells, reviewed by 
Hilary Finch on Monday’s 
Arts Page, was produced by 
the composer assisted by Mi- 
chael Rennison, and designed 
by John Pascoe. Our picture 
showed John Dobson with 
James Rainbind. Errors and 
omissions are regretted. 

BOOK NO* - LLM n' .Vfc \S0\ 


Interior Design 

Jermyn Street 

Also open on Saturday , 
before Christmas j 
/0am - 4pm I 



-v.r . [ - -THk HQUSEOL-. 

-■ : r rfRNARDA ALBA 

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British Rail Getaway Week- 
end to Dunsinane Castle? 
Actually, I think it's quite a 
literal set, there are huge 
staircases leading to real 
rooms, tbe design has a phys- 
ical lope to it, it doesn't have 
arbitrary images for tbe sake 
of it- It's not naturalistic, 
that's true, no 12th-century 

T he set is modern, but 
the costumes are 
Jacobean. Crowley 
likes mixing the two, 
and thinks “it's mar- 
vellous to surround the feces 
in a black world with white 
raffs and collars, so that the 
face is suspended, almost 
Billie Whitelaw in Samuel 
Beckett". While describing 
Macbeth as tbe "least 
decorated” thing he has done, 
he admits that he does not go 
in much for decoration 

“I like to be visually stimu- 
lated by a set, but I also like 
some of the pieces of the 
jigsaw to be left out To me. 
tbe most beautiful thing on 
stage is space, you see. and I 
don’t like a lot of clutter 
getting in the way. That's 
mostly because of the kind of 
work I've been doing: big. 
classical work in big spaces. 
For me, the more space there 
Is ihe purer the language is. 
and ultimately the language is 
whai we’re here to serve. If 
! you're too literal with Shake- 
speare it just puts a strait- 
jacket around it and doesn’t 
let the pewtry breathe. 

‘Tr.t not advocating bare- 
boards Shakespeare - that 
sort of puritanical self-denial 
is just an inverted snobbery on 
the part of some directors. 
That kind of sel drives me 
insane. I want to throw pink 
knickers all over it! No. I want 
a set to be very beautiful, but I 
still think the most beautiful 

thing is to bear tbe words first, 
and not to be told bow you're 
meant to hear them. Shakes- 
peare's images are always 
going to win really.” 

Crowley is an associate 
designer of the RSC, which 
means that be does a certain 
amount of work for them each 
year and is then free for other 
projects. To begin with, he 
visualized doing three or four 
productions a year, but in 
1 986 has designed a grand and 
exhausting total of six RSC 
plays: Les Liaisons danger- 
euses, Flight, Two Noble Kins- 
men , Macbeth, Principia 
Scriptoriae and his current 
project, John -Whiting's A 
Penny for a Song , which opens 
at the Barbican tonight. 

“It’s not really my son of 
play; I like to work from a 
completely imaginary blank 
space. J kept saying to the 
director, Howard Davies. I'm 
not the person to design this 
play, it's got to have bouses 
and trees - remember, I’m the 
man who designed As You 
Like It without putting a tree 
on the stage. But I fell in love 
with the play: tbe dis- 
connected, surreal happenings 
in a South Coast garden, the 
romantic, Cbekbovian feeling 
of being there al a moment 
when something is coming 
which will change the world 
for ever. There's a great 
longing and a great sense of 
innocence about to be lost 
“Actually, my main prob- 
lem turned out to be that the 
play is such a delicate little 
chamber piece, I didn't want it 
to get lost in the acres of space 
you are handed on a plate at 
the Barbican. So I'm trying to 
contain it within a chamber bn 
the stage.” 

Despite a certain fatigue 
brought on by this year's 
hyper-activity, Crowley has 
already started on next year's 
work. He is off to New York 
next week to discuss the 
Broadway production of Les 
Liaisons dangereuses, then he 
starts al Covent Garden on 
The King Goes Forth to 
France by the Finnish com- 
poser Aiuis Salinnen, which 
opens on April 1: 

“It’s a strange, oblique piece 
which I'm still reading and 
don’t fully understand yet, 
with a time-sole somehow 
incorporating the present, a 
sort of Middle Ages and a new 
Ice Age. After the previous 
director and designer had to 
pull out for personal reasons. 
Nicholas Hytner and 1 were 
asked, at the Iasi minute, to 
tackle this huge piece, this 
epic, incomprehensible Finn- 
ish opera.” Bob Crowley 
laughs again, obviously relish- 
ing the prospect. 

-v v v A;.*-. 


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--- :'ii| . 

~ IT.? s 

■ ■ -M 

TWO THINGS HAVE PUT the small town 
of Lynchburg, Tennessee on the map. One is the 
distillery you’re looking at, the oldest registered 
distillery in America. The other is the unique 
whiskey that’s produced here, Jack Daniels. 

Its always been distilled here, and only ever ' 
here. And it’s been a way of life for over 100 
years. So no wonder people call it good ol’ 
Tennessee sippiri whiskey 

Ky.hISK.HY A: £*L 




J i,<r, v . it- >.S 



Decision day for the eye in the sky 

Tomorrow the Cabinet is expected 
to choose the American Awacs 
early-warning aircraft. Keith Hindley 
assesses Boeing’s aerial Sentry 

Meanwttie radar detects new threat - 
computer identifies aircraft 
as 'Backfire 1 bombers 

i^Radardetects approaching aircraft 

■ a* uJUuaSuSiaui 

T he world’s most 
sophisticated radar 
station, manned by a 
crew of 22, slowly 
circles 30,000 feet 
above the gale-lashed Shet- 
land Isles. Its electronic sen- 
sors reach out through cloud 
and rain, probing an area 
larger than the British Isles for 
the first him of a Soviet ship 
or plane. 

From this viewpoint, a 
Boeing E-3C Awacs (airborne 
warning and reconnaissance 
aircraft) — known to Nato as 
“Sentry" - scans land, sea and 
slues and can track almost 
everything that moves, from a 
coaster to the smallest heli- 
copter. Its .aim is to spot an 
enemy at long range, giving 
Nato defences early warning 
and more time to respond. It 
also guides Nato aircraft to 
distant targets. 

On this day, one of the 
plane's radar systems is now 
suffering interference from a 
powerful Soviet radio station 
- a sure sign of impending 
action — but alternative radar 
arc still working well. Sud- 
denly, images flash onto the 
screens as aircraft emerges 
from the Norwegian coast 
Seconds later, computers 
identify them as Soviet SU-24 
Fencer bombers escorted by 
SU-27 Flanker fighters. 

The crew alert Nato com- 
mand centres — at RAF 
Waddington and in Germany, 
Greece, Sicily and Turkey — 
and a nearby Royal Navy 
aircraft carrier and RAF 
fighter bases. The carrier 
launches Harrier interceptors, 
while Tornado fighters scram- 
ble from RAF airfields in 

Minutes later the Soviet 
planes detea the approaching 
Harriers and then pick up the 
Awacs plane as well. The 
Soviet fighters peel off to face 
the Harriers and attack the 
Awacs Sentries: a long-range 
electronic battle begins. Both 
sides use sophisticated radio 
signals in attempts to jam or 
block each other. But the 

; Wvv •< 


’ Radar : 

Royal Navy 
carrier alerted - 
Harriers scrambled 

Soviet planes ttetert Awacs at170mite. 
f.Q Electronic warfare exchange begins with 
CT; each side trying to jam/confU3e the other 

Computer- • v; - Communi^iohs- ; : v\.. . ; fyf O 

Operator's: * consote 

^ ^console ^ J.. ' . g 



12 radar 

3 rew rest, 

Sentry crew hold contaa with 
the enemy by repeatedly 
ran g in g radar and radio fre- 
quencies to evade the jam- 
ming in a quick-fire battle of 
wits. Some of the Nato radar 
equipment is designed to 
switch frequency in a random 
pattern hundreds of time per 
second. The Sentry crews also 
prepares flares to confuse 
heat-seeking missiles, strips of 
radar-baffiing tin-foil called 
“chaff" (200 strips will pass 
through the eye of a needle) 
and evasive manoeuvres to 
counter an attack from the 
approaching fighters. 

S uddenly a new threat 
looms as Soviet TU- 
26 Backfire bombers 
appear over the 
northern horizon. 
They carry cruise missiles for 
targets all over Europe and 
once launched, Awacs must 
track every missile. 

An Awacs crew can track up 
to 400 targets simultaneously. 
Indeed, they have also been 
searching for a Soviet aircraft 
carrier and Soviet Blackjack 
bombers expected within 
range ai any time. Both the 
Boeing Awacs Sentry and the 
British Aerospace AEW Nim- 
rod were designed to seek, 
track and direct in all weath- 
ers, to see but not be seen. 

The US air force decided to 

P ! Wm 



at 30,000 feet \ v \ V.” S'- 

iSv"! Crew: 2»4 flight crew, , t 

tb AWACS specialists) . .. 

T ;; f: • - •' 


© ** 


A Horse Drawn Van j B Country Bus C Fire Engine 
*“1 tunujupl lifti. i 

Staffs. Agricultural Potteries Bus Ca 

D Newspaper E Vintage Bus F Parcels Lorry 

Delivery Van 1 National Garden Fest 1 -RoyalMair 

(PROMODi LTD.. 256 Ultoxeter Road. Lorgtoo. Stoke-on-Trent ST35QL 
Tel. 0762 330642 Company reg. No. 2006833. 

Please allow 23 days for delivery. 


Hull Design Inquiry 

an independent Inquiry under the chairmanship of LR Chairman 
H. R. MacLeod to consider the S90 huO form in the rqk: of an 
anLi-submarine frigate. 

The icnns of reference of ihe Inquiry are: 

“To consider the advantages and disadvantages of the S90 hull 
form for the purposes of meeting the Naval Staff Requirement 

fMCD KVifli r.. : r - _r__ .L . 

fNSR 7069) for an anti-submarine frigate (insofar as the 
curreni state of the development of the S90 permits), taking 

currem state of the development of the S90 permits), taking 
account of independent assessments made in 1983 by YARD 
and by the Marine Technology Board of the Defence Scientific 
Advisory Council, and of the Hill-Norton Committee Report 
Hull Forms for Warships published in May 1986. ana to 
identify any rmplici Lions for the design of future destroyers 
and frigates for the RN." 

The Inquiry will address, in the first instance, seakeeping, 
speed/power and manoeuvrability, including hydrodynamic lift of 
a hull form of this type. Other issues which will be considered by 
the Inquiry are: size/iayout, hull structural strength, static stability, 
specialised military features and the construction and maintenance 
cost/time differentials for the S90 vis-a-vis the conventional desert 
for a vessel to meet NSR 7069. 

The Inquiry wiB be private and confidential, reporting to the 
accrerary of Stale for Defence. No public comment will be given 
by LR until the Inquiry has reported. Lord Trcfgame indicated 

l " a t. subject to the requirements of security and commercial 
confidentiality, it was the Government's intention that LR's 
Report should be published. 

Lloyd's Register invites persons who are both qualified and 
interested in making a' contribution co the work of the Inquiry to 
write, stating their area of expertise and interest to: 

The Chief Ship Surveyor 
Lloyd's Register of Shipping 
71 Fenchurrit Street 

Letters should he marked Hull Design Inquiry. 

The Chief Ship Surveyor will then advise prospective contributors 
of the procedure to be adopted for making a formal written 
submission Id the Inquiry. 

Where necessary, verbal amplification of written evidence will be 
atranged; such hearings will be held in private and will be 
informal. Arrangements wj)l be made to observe any cnmribuior's 
request for confidentiality in respect to bolh written and verbal 

confidentiality, it was the < 
Report should be published. 

RAF Tornados 
in Scotland 

Computer identifies j 
them as Soviet So-24 : 
•Fencer* bombers ami 
Su-27 ‘Flanker’ fighters 


com mand centres, 
RAF bases, and 
other AWACS airc r aft 
using highly secure 
radio channels 

develop a new generation of 
airborne radar over 20 years 
ago by a competition between 
contractors. In the late Sixties, 
Boeing and McDonnell Doug- 
las both made proposals for 
modifying airliners for Awacs 
use and Boeing was awarded 
the contract in July 1970. Two 
planes were ordered and fitted 
with competing radars devel- 
oped by Westmghouse and 
Hughes. After rigorous 
comparisons, Westinghouse 
got the main radar contract in 
October 1972. This “fly-off” 
system is a relatively cheap 
way of giving competing con- 
tractors development 

The Awacs plane carries 
several dozen electronic sys- 
tems and bristles with aerials 

besides those within the large 
radome. One radar detects 
targets, another studies the 
echoes and identifies the 

most appropriate radar for 
land and sea. There are more 
than s dozen c ommunicati ons 
channels, aB using different 

planes from a memory bank of equipment, wavelengths and 
how all known planes nor- transmission methods. 

mally appear, particularly 
Soviet ones. 

Other transmitters interro- 
gate friendly aircraft for their 
identity, via signal automati- 
cally transmitted by each Nato 
plane, while Awacs can also 
stay silent and listen instead to 
signals given out by targets. 
Radar operators can choose 
any of more than 20 combina- 
tions of radars and can divide 
the screen into 32 sectors and 
use a different combination in 
each one if they want while 
flying up a coastline, for 
example, they can use the 

O f these, some send 
continuously, oth- 
ers in long bursts, 
while the most 
sophisticated cram 
signals into brief bursts that 
are aimed directly at the 
command centre being 
radioed. Such signals cannot 
be intercepted or jammed. 
Getting such a varied collec- 
tion of equipment to work 
together is always a major 
hurdle. Awacs suffered as 
many gremlins as, if cot more 
than, the British AEW Nim- 
rod has in fine tuning its radar 

performance under wet and 
stormy European conditions. 

It is not too difficult to 
design a sensitive radar ca- 
pable of picking up fast mov- 
ing. low-level targets. The real 
problem is sorting out aircraft 
echoes from the' background 
clutter on the ground. It can be 
done, ber computers must be 
re-programmed in a big way. 
In the case of Awacs the 
boffins had to cure the plane's 
if king for cars, windmill form 
pumps and telegraph poles. 

The Awacs radar system 
will no: operate under all 
conditions, and so operators 
can choose one of more than a 
dozen settings to suit particu- 
lar conditions.This develop- 
ment work on Awacs absorbed 
tw o and a half to three times 

the sum spent so for on the 
same problems with Nimrod. 

Awacs was designed to work 
over land, but ibe US .Air 
Force wanted to cover some 
sea areas. But the original 
Awacs radar only worked at 
sea in a flat calm — otherwise, 
wave tops gave echoes, and a 
formation of jumbo jets could 
sneak past unnoticed. Later 
models did better, but Awacs 
remains a radar designed for 

Nimrod, in contrast was 
designed specifically for mari- 
time patrols. It is less troubled 
by sea conditions and the poor 
weather which is common- 
place in Europe. But. once 
again- problems arose when 
engineers were askqd to mod- 
ify the equipment for use over 

land. There is no doubt that 
GEC has been on the way to 
solving them, but it would 
take more time and much 
more money to produce a 
radar as effective as the Awacs 

Nato obviously benefits 
from a shared system, and all 
other countries already use 
Awacs. The Nimrod is 
cramped inside, with little 
room to fit additional 
equipmenttbe Boeing, on the 
other hand, has plenty of spare 
room inside — enough to hold 
a group of 25 observers during 
demonstration flights without 
affecting die 18-man electron- 
ics crew. 

( i 

©Tans Newspaper* Ltd 138S 

Wemstock’s case, Page 18 

A kiss 

is a 



■ Name J 

I Address I 

I Postcode I 


| Al 1 Bl 1 Cl 1 p I lEl IfPI I enclose my cheque/FO | 

| tor£ or VISA/ACCESS No. j 

or pay at any Post Office fTranscash A/C No. 449961 1). g 

Britain buys most 
of its mistletoe 
from overseas, 
but that situation 
may be changing 

Crash of an heroic villain 

The fall of Ivan 
. Boesky has sent 
an echo down the 
years, but Richard 
Whitney was in a 
class of his own 

Scarcely a sprig of the mistle- 
toe that will soon unite office 
party Jacks and ever-so- 
slightly tipsy Jills comes from 
tins country. It still grows 
here, but not in the quantities 

Peter Heyes, a Middlesex 
mistletoe merchant, says: “Al- 
though a little comes from 
Worcestershire and Lincoln, 
95 per cent of what is sold is 
from the Continent,' particu- 
larly northern and central 
France and the area around St 

one line of thought, were 
pleased to find it growing on 
oaks which represented awe- 
some strength; and, being 
frequently struck by lightning, 
were associated with the god 
of thunder. A wonderfully 
medicinal plant growing on a 
deity’s fevoured tree could 
have had irresistible appeal to 

Mistletoe has been asso- 
ciated with oaks ever since. 
But in feci it likes nothing 
better than to get its absorbent 
haustoria into an aged apple 

“Last year there wasA bit of tree. The flowers open be- 

a disaster. Some of the mistle- 
toe was picked too early and 
turned to powder as though it 
had been cooked in a micro- 
wave. This year I insisted on 
December picking. Ail we take 

now grows wild on 

decrepit, untended 
trees. Within five 
years, as these be- mtS l 

come fewer, I think . 

it will be raised u3S c 

commercially - hist( 

with a welcome in- 
crease in quality." GISEp] 
Cut lengths of the 
parasitic shrub, 

Viscum Album, reach Mr 
Heyes’s base at Hayes in crates 
normally used for cauli- 
flowers. “We take two or three 
truckloads — and that is a lot 
of mistletoe. It is tricky stuff to 
deal in and there is some 

resistance to it within the 


- Disapproval is nothing new 
for mistletoe, which was work- 
ing its wicked magic long 
before Roman colonists con- 
demned the practices of Celtic 
priests who venerated it deep 
in the British wildwood. 

Unlike other evergreens, 
pale pagan mistletoe never 
won acceptance by the early 
Christians. Holly, the “holy 
tree”, and heaps of pine might 
decorate the church but not 
mistletoe, the ally or Druid- 
ism. There is a story that 
mistletoe was once a tree big 
enough to be used in the 
construction of Christ’s cross. 
In subsequent disgrace it was 
relegated to the level of 

The Druids, according to 

has a long 
history of 
disapproval 9 

tween February and April, but 
the white spherical berries arc 
not ripe until the following 

Supersti lions clung to 
mistletoe long after the Druids 
were gone. Writing 

antic in 1888 ’ I F 

anuC Thiselton Dyer 

etOe quoted the diarist 

John Aubrey: 
long “There was at Nor- 

ry qF wood an oak that 

L * had mistletoe, 

roval which was felled 

around 1657. 
gome persons cut 
this mistletoe for some 
apothecaries in London and 
sold them a quantity for 10 
shillings each time and left 
only one branch remaining for 
more to sport ouL 

“One fell lame shortly after, 
soon after each of the others 
lost an eye, and he that felled 
the tree, though warned of the 
misfortunes of the other men, 
would notwithstanding , 
adventure to do it and shortly I 
afterwards broke bis leg." 

Mistletoe occurred in 
dream lore as a warning to 
lake great care in matters of 
the heart and even has a place 
in Norse legend. 

By the Middle Ages, there 
are references to mistletoe as a 
symbol of greeting and good- 
will which might explain why 
the waxy while berries hung 
up near the strip lighting still 
have some influence on 
sophisticated swains and 
maidens as a licence to kiss. 

John A Hill 

©Tims Hww P W>*» l-** 1S * 8 

To those who remember the 
, Great Crash of 1929, Richard 
Whitney is Wall Street’s roost 
notorious fallen angel In 
1938, impeccably dressed and 
carrying a valise of hand- 
tooled leather, the former 
president of the New York 
Stock Exchange slipped qui- 
etly into Sing Sing prison, to 
serve a five-to-J 0-year sen- 
tence for embezzlement 

Inevitably, Whitney’s fell 
has hem compared to that of 
insider-trader Ivan F. Boesky, 
whose disclosures are likely to 
shake the fomsdations of Wall 
Street But Boesky was a 
newcomer who remained an 
outsider, whereas Whitney 
was the real thing; a hero to 
the small investor, a respected 
member of the class which 
once ran Wall Street 

He was a “Boston 
Brahmin", whose forebears 
had arrived in New England in 
1630. His father was president 
of a hank bnflt on a family 
fortune accumulated ova- a 
century in the India trade. At 
23, after a brief stint in the 
family lank, he bought a seat 
on the New York Stock Ex- 
change. Soon he was principal 
broker for the great bonse of 
JJP. Morgan. 

By the mid-1920s, Whitney 

Fallen angel: foiled investments set Richard Whitney (centre) on the road to Sing Sing 

and his young wife, Gertrude, 
owned a $100400 town house 
in New York, a 231 acre estate 
in Far HxDs, New Jersey, a 
stable full of thoroughbreds 
and were members of the best 

It was not until 1929, how- 
ever, that Whitney — by now 
vice-president of the New 
York stock exchange — burst 
into the spotlight, becoming an 
overnight biro on Black 
Thursday, when fortunes were 
lost in a matter of hours and 
panic reigned in the streets. 
Nearly 13 million shares 
changed hands and by noon 
the market was out of coutroL 

That, The New York Times 
reported, Whitney “walked 
casually over to whore US 
Steel was being traded to pfece 
what was "to become foe most 
famous angle order in stock 
market history.” 

In a load voice Whitney 
offered a bid of $205 for 
10,000 shares of US Steel, 
which was then being offered 
at less than $200 a share. It 

He stole from 
his own stock 

calmed frightened traders, 
was a spectacular bid which 
convincing them that the 
bankers remained confident 
Building on foe drama, Whit- 
ney strolled to post after 
tradiqg post P faring over- 
priced bids for blue-chip 
shares which eventually re- 
versed the market’s decline. 

From that day of personal 
triumph, Whitney went on to 

greater glory as foe “Voice of 
wall Street”. He was oresi- 

wall Street” He was presi- 
dent of the exchange, Wall 
Street's representative in 
Washington, where angry 
politicians were threatening to 
curb the speculative excesses 
that had harmed Bullions. 

But Whitney was himself 
deep in debt, sinking into a 

f inancia l pit that he had begun 
di g g in g as early as 1923. His 
inflated view of his ability to, 
manage not jnst money but 
enterprises ted led him to 
invest in applejack distilleries, 
peat humus projects, the min- 
ing’ of mineral colloids and 
other losing enterprises. 

As he feU deeper into debt 
he borrowed millions of dol- 
lars, finally resorting to theft 
to keep hb enterprises afloat 
He did this by posting shares 
belonging to other people as 
collateral for his loans and 
embezzling fends entrusted to 
him by foe stock exchange, the 
New York Yacht Club, his 
fafoer-in-law’s estate and nu- 
merous of his wealthy peers. 

After serving his time in 
Sing Sing, where even the 
guards deferred to him as “Mr 
Whitney”, he retired to bis 
family’s dairy farm in upstate 
New York, passing his 
re ma i ning years in obscurity 
until his death in 1974. 

Bailey Morris 


I Falco peregrinus 
anauirn (4.4) 

5 Place (4) 

9 Theatrical presenter 

10 Mohammed's 
favourite wife (5) 

11 Tipped over(S) 

12 Redbreast (S) 

13 Command (51. ’ 

15 Escort (5) 

16 Guides (5) 

18 Egg producing organ 


20 Very fat (5) 

21 Parched |7) 

23 Brook (4) 

24 Issuer (81 


1 Polisher(6) 

2 Australian 

3 Skirt edge (3) 

4 Royal Berks res- 
idence (7,61 


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17 Kifler(6) 

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A s any acquaintance of mine 
would confirm, breast-feeding 
? not a subject I spend much 
tune worrying about In my 
view Us a sensible practia 

wluch saves a lot of time- 
consuming bother with formulas and an 
endless need to replace chewed-up rublS 
teals. The only peevish aspect of this 
matter, with ns ineffable bond between 
mother and child, is the recent pSIS 
fevoi^of dotng it publicly. I simply don" 
understand why a few mothers find it 
J necessary to breast-feed babies during 
dinner .parties, m department shops or 
indeed, m the visitors' rooms of staielv 

I didn't know, in fact, that mothers were 
iactating m stately homes, but this was 
drawn to my attention by a Times column 
wntten by Margery Roberts who disagreed 
with my attitude to public breast-feeding. 
Mrs Roberts is a nursing mother who takes 
pnde in what she calls “openly” breast- 
feeding, but whatever our legitimate dif- 
ferences of opinion on this matter may be 1 
could not help but be bemused by her 
description of the '‘nerve-racking 
experience” of visiting a stately home with 
a baby that wanted her milk. 

This led to a train of thought about all the 
other difficult places the lactating mother 
might find herself in: a dentist’s chair, for 
example, or the post office queue. Perhaps 
at a podium while lecturing on economic 
« theory. Of course, Mrs Roberts seems to 

Pama Youena 

have a baby that even by the demanding 
standards of the four or five-month-old 
needed rather a lot of attention. Her baby, 
she pointed out. likes to feed for “much of 
the evening**, which was why she moved 
the meetings of the church committee of 
which she was secretary from the vestry to 
her home. I wondered apprehensively 
about the need for instant gratification 
such children may have when grown up. 

It appears that a great many of our 
readers have strong feelings on this subject 
and wrote to tell us so. The La Leche 
League introduced itself as the inter- 
national organization offering breast-feed- 
ing information. Their tetter suggested that 
perhaps it was an over-emphasis on breasts 
as sexual objects that makes some people 
uncomfortable at seeing nursing mothers in 
public. Several people seem to feel that if 
Page Three models could display 
mammaries, why shouldn't nursing moth- 

ers? Other readers had more specific 
suggestions based on their own experi- 
ences. British Rail, for example, was 
unfavourably compared with Sweden 
where long-distance trains come equipped 
with “child-compartments'*. 

What is interesting to me about all this is 
the point at which a trivial matter of 
matters becomes a moral question. What 
makes public breast-feeding a moral ques- 
tion, 1 think, is not the a a itself but the 
arguments used to justify performing it. 
When grown up motherpersons start hiding 
behind the nappies and needs of their 
babies in order to assert their own demands 
for total licence against considerations of 
taste, decorum, or courtesy, then the issue 
is do longer about babies' needs. Il is about 
women who would prefer to be cburch 
committee members rather than mothers 
and resent other peoples' attitudes to their 
own dilemmas. Harshly put, it is about a 

false daim for privilege by nursing mothers 
on grounds that they are on some sort of su- 
perior moral high ground where their 
inconsideration must take precedence over 
all other considerations. 

I can't believe that anyone today thinks 
breasL-feeding is an obscene or immoral 
act The entire question of obscenity 
depends not only on what but on when and 
where it takes place. Wearing a bikini on 
the beach is fine, but not to the theatre. 
Breast-feeding in one's own home, in a 
ladies lavatory or a stranded tube train is 
acceptable; it is not in a restaurant, the Old 
Bailey or the small appliance department of 
Peter Jones. Incidentally, l have never 
thought, as many of our letter-writers did, 
that the nursing mother is a erotic or 
stimulating sight. As a female it pains me to 
admit this, but the naked breast does not al- 
ways inspire lust, even in situations apart 
from maternal nursing. 

I have been trying to understand why 
some women seem so keen on publicly 
breast-feeding, I should think dial the 
desire simply to keep in the swim of dinner 
conversations and so on isonly pan of it. In 
some cases, it may be a slightly martyred 
bid to get attention. Others may do it as a 
political stance ranging from feminism to 
anti-esiablishmentarianism. Some may do 
it to shock. 

As several readers pointed out, I have 
never been a mother. Well, that's true, alas , 
but I have had the experience of being a 
baby. Speaking from the infant's point of 
view, I can say that ! feel sure I would have 
preferred to have been breast-fed in private 
and would not have missed the carryings- 
on of the world about me. 

Two final points: first, public breast- 
feeding is not illegal in our society. 
Complaining mothers are not banned from 
publicly breast-feeding, ail they can be 
objecting to is that some people will find it 
offensive, which is a perfectly legitimate 
opinion. Secondly, it seems to me that if 
there was a real need for public breast- 
feeding, our society — which has always 
arranged itself in the best possible way to 
ensure survival — would have long changed 
its attitude to the matter. But it hasn't and 
so long as there is no pressing need for mili- 
tant lactation, may taste and decorum take 
precedence over the whims of a few nursing 

mothers. Barbara Amiel 

0 Thma Newspaper* LM 1986 

When the hand 

Dera* I 

you’re feeding 
becomes a fist 

Seven weeks ago Sally Jones 
walked out of a police station 
with blood streaming down 
her face, two black eyes, a 
chipped tooth, and a pair of 
smashed glasses. The damage 
had been inflicted by a metal 
ashtray, hurled at her face by a 
15-year-old youth. 

The youth. Barry, has al- 
ready served his sentence — 
two weeks in a detention 
centre — and is now back 
home. Sally, his social worker, 
is still wrestling with a set of 
conflicting emotions that have 
rebounded on both her work 
and family life. 

She says: “When "I walk 
down the high street, go to the 
market, do the Christmas 
shopping, I think: how, could 
anyone bate me that much?" 

Sally Jones is the latest 
victim of the rising tide of 
violent abuse which has 
claimed the lives of three 
social workers and a medical 
secretary in the last 18 
months. Married with two 
teenage children, Jones. 41, 
has spent the last seven years 
working in the serial services 
department in a rural market 
town in the West Midlands. 

Barry had been in trouble 
with the law for two years. A 
care order was eventually 
placed on him, giving the 
social services parental con- 
trol, even though he was living 
at home. 

Sally visited him every fort- 
night laying down firm 
restrictions on when he should 
be home — by 10.30 or 1 1 pm 
on week days. He complied, 
but resented it. Two weeks 
before the incident he became 

As Whitehall 

begins an inquiry. 

a victim of the 

growing violence 

against social 

workers talks to 

Jill Sherman 

increasingly tense and fidgety, 
but be showed no' overt 

“Then, one Friday morning, 
the police called and asked if 
someone could come down 
and see some youths who had 
been brought in. A few min- 
utes later 1 heard that Barry 
had been brought in concern- 
ing a local burglary. 

“I saw him on my own in a 
stark, cramped interview 
room. The door was shut. 
There were four chairs and a 
table with a large metal 
ashtray on it I sat next to 
Barry. I asked him what had 
happened and whether he was 
going to admit il He said he 
was. J told him J would find it 
very hard to say to the 
magistrates that things were 
working out at home if he was 
doing this kind of thing. 

“He started disputing this, 
saying he was coming home 
on time. I asked him what 
time the burglary had taken 
place. He said 3 in the 
morning. This rather illus- 
trated my point, I said. Then 

he threw the ashtray at me. 

“I had realised he was tense 
but no more than usuaL 
Sitting next to him I couldn't 
see the foil span of his face or 
his right hand. He picked np 
the ashtray with his strong 
right arm — he’s a big lad — 
and forced it into my face.” 

Thrown backwards in the 
chair, her glasses shattered, 
she got up and made for the 
door. Mood pouring down her 
face. “I wondered whether I 
was going to have stitches and 
have a nasty scar. I was 
shocked and dazed but my 
instant reaction was that this 
lad was not going to see me 
cry, scream or break down.” 

Sally was taken to hospital. 
She was X-rayed and her 
wounds dressed. She returned 
to her office. 

“One of my first thoughts 
was of guilt. Even though I 
had read about victim guilt, I 
still wondered whether I was 
responsible and I knew that 
some people would think it 
was my fault. I was afraid of 
their reactions. 1 was also 
aware that things don't hap- 
pen in isolation. I am not 
responsible for that act of 
violence. He is. But there may 
have been errors in my han- 
dling of the situation.” 

Sally's children were on the 
doorstep when she arrived 
home that Friday. They were 
very protective, but from re- 
cent tensions in her family, 
Sally feats that the incident 
may have had a deeper impact 
than she first realised. 

“My husband didn't say an 
awfol lot either and tried to 
play h down. He's in social 

Shadowhnds: Sally Jones is more wary since the attack 

work, too. He couldn’t under- 
stand why I felt guilty or 
worried that others would 
blame me. He thought J was 
over reacting. I didn't get 
much sympathy.** 

At work Sally found herself 
torn between wanting sym- 
pathy but not wanting any 
formal counselling. “David, 
my senior, kept on pushing 
counselling on me. He said 1 
was blocking my emotions. 
But I didn't think 1 was. 1 am 
someone who is quite capable 
of standing stress to a certain 

“I wanted people to accept 
my reactions: my numb feel- 

ings, my wobbliness, the 
tearfulness. The odd snide 
remark or snap, the misplaced 
humour, my fear that others 
would blame me, the occa- 
sional yearn to flee from the 
office and go to bed. 1 wanted 
my colleagues to accept this 
and make allowances for it, I 
didn't want to be told by my 
boss that 1 needed counselling, 
and I resented it” 

The next hurdle Sally had to 
overcome was seeing Barry 
again in court On the day he 
had assaulted her he had been 
charged with both the assault 
and the buiglary. But he was 
still under care and Sally was 



From Vicki Ochodd 
High Beeches 
Gerrards Cross. Bucks 

Barbara Amiri's column on 
domestic violence (December 
10) may for some readers 
encourage the stereotype that 
wife-hitting mainly occurs 
when a shrewish woman be- 
rates her husband afte r he 
lure an Innocent night out with 
the boys. . 

I wonder if Mrs Amiel has 
ever been slapped in the face 
by someone who outweighs 
her by three stones. One 
forgets that even “just a slap 
can break capillaries in the 
skin: a single pouch can 
shatter teeth. . . 

No one starts out hitting 
his wife every day. The first 
few slaps wfll usually be 
followed by the man's apolo- 
gies and the woman’s forgive- 
ness. Bat occasional violence 
usually escalates over the 
years. If we insist on regard- 
ing some violent incidents as 
“minor", the question of 
where to draw the line may 
never be answered. We «m- 
not have the law being broken 
just because the victim _ 15 
unable or unwilling to bring 
charges. . 

The police are encoaragw 
to press chaiges became rf 
they do not it wiD only get 
worse, thus leading to repeat 
calls, additional ham to tne 
woman, and considerable cost 
to society. 

Secretary required, mop supplied 

Some bosses are 

demanding enough 

to put the vacuum 
into the sits. vac. 

i he following sounds like 
ig from a trie- 





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T something 

vision comedy script: 
“When you have finished 
what you are doing. Miss 
Crane, please take my wig to 
the cleaners and then give my 
false teeth a scrub.” It is in feet 
an authentic instruction is- 
sued by a managerial male to a 
cowed secretary. 

Some bosses, returning 
from a sweat-raising game of 
lunchtime squash, also de- 
mand that their confidantes 
sort out their gear, wash and 
iron it for tomorrow's exer- 
tions. I am indebted for this 
information to foe author and 
broadcaster Dr Rosalind 
Miles, who devotes her pro- 
fessional life not only to those 
members of foe allegedly 
weaker sex, who have dimbed 
foe slippery run^ of the 
ladder to success in a still 
predominantly male world, 
but also to those who dearly 

Such tasks should be earned 
out only after payment of 
(negotiable) bonuses or foe 
dispereement of additional 
perks. Almost notody sufr 
Sits that in 1986 a self- 
respecting secretary should be 
expected to demean berselt 
I cannot be alone in believ- 
ing that some of these ladies 
are more like 
Serpeniarius . the long-legged, 
long-tailed raptorial secretary 
bird, whose feathers resembles 
pens stuck behind them, 
than the conventional office- 
bound variety “employed to . 

transact business for another." 

Who has not been foe 
victim of' anonymous sec- 
retaries who appear to be 
incapable of taking down an 
address or telephone number 
accurately, who use phrases 
such as “could you, please, 
indicate foe nature of your 
enquiry" or “Mr Page is in 
conference at this moment in 
time, I will endeavour to 
ensure your message is con- 
veyed to him in due course.” 
It is a betting certainty they 
will not ring back as promised. 
If they do, they wfll tell you 
something you don’t want to 
know and haven't asked for in 
foe first place. 

U ntil recently I had no 
patience or sympathy 
with them. But an 
analysis of vacancies in sec- 
retarial employment pages 
provides evidence foal in 
many cases it is not foe 
successful applicants who 
should be blamed for the 
glaring inadequacies exhibited 
by some of them, but the men 
who employ them. 

Some employers suffer from 
the illusion that they are either 
theatrical agents casting a 

West End musical or that foe 
last thing they are looking for 
is efficiency. If all foe 
qualifications they require 
from their future gui Monday 
to Friday were to be embodied 
in one person foe girl would 
have impeccable appearance 
and good sense of humour, a 
Might, bouncy - or even 
sparkling — personality, social 
panache and immaculate 
appearance, enthusiasm, and 
fashionable, but well-groomed 

Other prospective employ- 
ers offer secretaries foe profr 
pect of “fun and wine bars”, in 
which they can enjoy “cham- 
pagne at the celebration 

And they needn't worry 
about working conditions, 
which are “luxurious" and 
even “two minutes walk from 
Harrods”, though the 
remuneration — one hesitates 
to say wage — is clearly 
inadequate to allow for more 
than the most occasional 
shopping there. For inveterate 
dock watchers there is foe 
promise that “your day fin- 
ishes at 4.30”. 

One MD is looking for a PA 
“with maternal instincts", a 

possible misprint for| 
“material” and certainly a 
violation of foe sex equality 
legislation, unless he doesn't 
mind employing someone 
with paternal proclivities. To 
encourage applicants, he adds: 
“rusty shorthand will suffice”. 
Another insists his secretary 
should “help run your bosses 

Some required qualifica- 
tions are ill-defined and even 
ambiguous. It is possible to 
visualise what is meant by 
“must be articulate for lots of | 
client liaison” or eager “to 
handle occasional viators* 
But most people over 30 
(unless they served in India) 
could well be misled by the 
demand: “Viceroy experience 

I n view of all this it is not 
surprising if many success- 
ful applicants look upon 
their jobs as sinecures and 
considered outside callers to 
be violators of their sheltered 

This is meant tq be foe age 
when foe customer is always 
right and when he gels what he 
wants. The question remains: 
Who is the customer? The 
MD looking for an attractive 
help maid? The departmental 
boss who likes to spend his 
working day in foe company 
of a girl with a bubbly 
personality? The area man- 
ager who wants his private life 
to be organised by a well- 
groomed nanny? 

Or is it Joe/Josephine j 
Bloggs. who indirectly pays 
the salary of boss and assistant ! 
and is therefore entitled to a 
share in what should be an 
efficient office? 


A survey of 5,000 health 
workers, to be published next 
month, shows that one in 200 
have suffered a major injury 
following a violent attack dar- 
ing the fast year. A further one 
in ten needed first aid and one 
in 20 had been threatened with 
weapons, including knives, 
broken bottles and chairs. 

The report by the Health 
and Safety Executive, wfll also 
show that at least a third oS 
serious incidents were not 
officially recorded. The most 
vulnerable health workers 
were student nurses and am- 
bulance staff, with most in- 
odeots occarring in accident 
and emergency departments. 

A study of social services 
departments show similar fig- 
ares, with one in 259 staff 
being assaulted every year. 
But individnaj questionnaires 
sent to social workers in one 
shire county found that one in 
fom social workers had been 
attacked in the last five years. 

High risk situations in- 
cluded: child abuse cases, 
mental health clients needing 
hospital admission, wife 
battering cases and residential 

Organizations representing 
all groups of workers are now 
drawing np tougher guidelines 
with trade unions to help 
prevent violence occurring, 
and whore it does to offer 

adequate support to the victim. 

A recent survey by the 
British Association of Social 
Workers showed that less 
than half the social service 
department contacted had im- 
plemented any security mea- 
sures at all and few could 
produce any guidelines. The 
Health and Safety Executive’s 
draft recommendations 

• Using physical devices to 
offer protection for certain 
groups of staff such as per- 
sonal alarms, panic tattoos 
and two way radios. 

• Redesigning reception areas 
and waiting rooms to make 
them less isolated and more 

• Minimising delays, telling 
people why they have to wait 
and providing simple explana- 
tory leaflets. 

• Providing adequate and 
flexible staffing levels, ensur- 
ing cover for nights, weekends 
and changeover periods and 
toping that individuals -are not 
isolated for long periods. 

• Providing training courses 
in the prevention and manage- 
ment of violence. Including 

confidence, assertiveness and 
seff defence courses. 

• Offering support and 
counselling to victims with 
information on legal assis- 
tance and compensation. 

still his social worker. When 
be was back in court foe 
following week foe magistrate 
asked whether he felt sorry for 
what be had done. He said no. 

“I didn't feel angry, but I felt 
detached, awkward and 
uncomfortable,” said Sally. “1 
fell he had clobbered me for 
what 1 represented rather than 
as a person. I wanted to shout 
out I am a person. 1 hurt, I am 
flesh and blood. I’ve got 
family. I am somebody e tee's 

foe police station would have 
on Barry. And she should have 
sat opposite, rather than next 
to, hum, so that she could see 
what he was doing. But greater 
physical security measures are 
not the answer, she said. 

With hindsight Sally feels 
she should have thought more 
about the impact her visit to 

“I don't think any social 
worker would want the pro- 
fession to develop a sdge 
mentality, but there are sen- 
sible precautions. I think that 
visiting in pairs should be 
routine in cases where either 
the social workers are uneasy 
or it is a known risk 

©Timas Newspapers Ltd 1S86 


A round-up of news, 
views and information 

Listen for 

Locking into a network of 
information and support can 

help boost a woman’s chances 
of career success. With tint 
aim, the National Organiza- 
tion for Women's Manage- 
ment was founded in 1981 to 
inform women about work- 
shops and comses designed to 
improve their management 
and personal skills. Quarterly 
newsletters, occasional infor- 
mal meetings »«i a directory 
listing contact numbers, forge 
the fink between women — 
drawn from soch diverse 
fields as education, manufac- 
turing, industry and publish- 
ing — who can meet or chat on 
the telephone about their own 
experiences working their 
way up the management lad- 
der. Membership (which cov- 
ers the newsletter and 
directory) costs £12, and de- 
tails are available If yon send 
an s^e. to Lene Orchard, 29 
Burkes Road, Beaconsfield, 
Bucks, HP9 1PF. 

At the crease 

The cogniscenti are begging 
Statesbound travellers to re- 
turn with cans of an extraor- 
dinary spray called "Wrinkle 
Free". You spray it on your 
clothes and the fine mist of 
fabric softener, water and 
alcohol removes the creases 
almost instantly. It can be 
found in major US depart- 
ment stores — and the 
sooner we can buy it here, 
the better. 


“Men are very good at not 
seeing what they don't want to 
see, even on a simple level 
like the washing- op piling in 
the sink. If they don’t want to 
do it they jnst literally don't 
see it That's a lesson women 
should learn.” — Helen 
Mirren, actress. 

Boxed set 

Parents trying to teach very 

jfourrgchiJdren to read could 

Flying Start” videos a 
boon. Nursery school 
teacher Michele Khnche en- 
listed Rolf Hams's help in 
producing a part-film, part- 
cartoon tale to instruct tod- 
dlers in basic fiteracy and 
numeracy. It's accompanied 
by flashcards, story books, 
work-cards and a guidebook 
and can be used by children 
from the age of three. "Fly- 
ing Start" kits one and two 
are available at £19.95 each 
through Virgin, HMV and 
Wool worth shops and two 
more should reach the 
shelves next summer. 

Josephine Fairley 




■ II 





Tib 454 g e^- 



Andrew Wiseman 

© Times Newspapers Lid 1988 








Following my report of constant 
crossed telephone lines between 
the Liberal Party headquarters 
and Conservative Central Office, I 
understand that the Palace of 
Westminster has now become 
embroiled. An aide to David Steel 
wails that each tune he has tried to 
contact a prominent liberal in 
London be has been connected to 
the British embassy in Paris, 
whence a recorded message in- 
formed him: “The British em- 
bassy is closed for lunch.** 


Tory MP Sir John Biggs- Davison, 
sponsor of Peter Bruinvels' well- 
supported private member’s bill 
on controlling crossbows, smiles 
at the memory of his par- 
liamentary question on the same 
subject in 1979. “I have no 
evidence that such legislation 
would be justified,” replied the 
Labour Home Secretary, Meriyo 
Rees. It is not the first ume Biggs- 
Davison has been ahead of the 
game. “Some years ago I wrote to 
a minister to suggest that traffic 
wardens might be appointed to 
relieve the police, only to be told 
the proposal was ‘quite im- 
practical’,” he tells me. 

Dry run 

Red faces at the Consumera* 
Association this week over a 
Thames Valley hostelry given a 
top rating in its 1987 Good Pub 
Guide, which urges drinkers to 
sample its “outstanding bars, 
views over the Thames and tasty 
ales”. There is no doubt that the 
Caversbam Bridge hotel at Read- 
ing is out of this world — it was 
demolished last July to make way 
for a leisure centre. 


*So when I saw these two conductors, 
I said to myself, lay off die interval 

Oh, lord 

I thought for a moment that 
Andrew Lloyd Webber had found 
a new lyricist in the unlikely 
person of Lord Longford. At a 
London presentation the perky 
peer confided that he had been 
approached by a hade who wished 
to interview him on his musical 
interests. “Had he, perhaps, heard 
of my intended collaboration on 
Lloyd Webber’s next musical?” 
asked Longford. I suppose we 
must brace ourselves for a new 
West End money-spinner. 
Prisoner's Progress. 

• A shareholder at the Glaxo 
AGM, n otin g that the company’s 
shares had faDea from £11 at the 
beginning of last year to £9, 
suggested that the board HUght co- 
opt Victor Barge, who damn to 
have discovered a cure fbr which 
there is no knows disease. 

Guru of gloom 

The economy must be in a sony 
state indeed, judging by the 
gloomy comments of Char les 
Goodhart, toe Banlr of England's 
former chief adviser, at a con- 
ference of the Institute of Eco- 
nomic Affairs. Confessing to deep 
pessimism about toe value of 
setting targets for the money 
soppily, the guru of Threadneedle 

had been challenged to produce a 
positive suggestion out of a neg- 
ative critique- Now unconstrained 
by political considerations he 
knew exactly what to do to solve 
Britain's economic ills: “I would 
abolish sterling and toe Bank of 
England and have our policy run 
fay the Bundesbank.” 

No Noel 

Belfast's hard-line Unionist lord 
mayor, Alderman Sammy Wilson, 
is so pleased with his “Belfast Says 
Nod” quip which I reported 
recently that be has used toe 
slogan an file civic Christmas 
cards he and his tnaynraiMt, 
Rhonda Paisley (Ian's daughter) 
have dispatched to dignitaries 
throughout the world — but not, it 
appears, to tile Northern Ireland 
Secretary, Tom King, who is to be 
denied any such felicitations. 


After a series of 999 calls, police 
and firemen investigated a bomb 
scare in Swansea this week and 
found the culprits to be musicians 
— the reported explosions and 
smoke had been caused by the 
Welsh Philhar monic Orchestra 
and two brass bands rehearsing 
Tchaikovsky’s 1812 Overture 
complete with cannon booms. 
Police later patrolled the streets, 
warning residents of the next 

Nimrod: the big questions 

The essential features of Our 
agreement with the government 
were that we would work closely 
with the Ministry of Defence to do 
everything possible to ensure that 
toe Nimrod airborne early-warn- 
ing system met the RAFs cardinal 
wn>i«v pnoft'flrtrfiAlV that toe Min- 

istry of Defence would examine 
alternatives to satisfy it that it was 
getting good value tor money for 
the remaining Nimrod pro- 
gramme, or a fail-back alternative 
if that should prove necessary, and 
that GEC would take SO per cent 
Of the finawniat risk. 

No-one who benefited from the 
protection of the RAF during toe 
onslaught of the Luftwaffe in the 
1940s should feel other than an 
awed respect for the service. Of 
course toe RAF must have an 
early-warning system which meets 
fas specification and is available at 
reasonable cost and within toe 
stipulated time. Had we been in 
any doubt that we could achieve 
this, we would not since March 
1986 have pot £25 millioQ of our 
own money into the project Still 
worse, if delivery was three years 
late, as has been suggested it might 
be, that would cost the company 
well over £200 milli on under the 
onerous contract terms we have 
promised to accept So there is 
every reason for GEC to drop out 
of the contract if Nimrod wil not 
do the job. But we do not believe 
that to be the case. 

No criticism 

Progress on the development 
has been continually notified over 
toe past months to toe MoD and 
RAF in a series of reports which 
showed that all the target dates 
had been other met or beat en. I 
have received no criticism from 
the MoD. 

So far as I have been able to 
ascertain, little or no active assis- 
tance was rendered either con- 
structively or critically by the 
MoD durmg these months, except 
fbr the provision of target aircraft 
and visits at our invitation to see 
for themselves what was being 
done. On these occasions, the 
comment tended to be com- 
plimentary and certainly not criti- 

The feet is that the company has 
demonstrated that it will be able to 
meet toe RAFs specification 
against which the performance of 
both systems was to be measured; 
what was not envisaged was a 
sudden-death playoff of the two 
systems in their present state. As 
the Secretary of state for Defence 
said recently in a broadcast, the 
Nimrod system works, but toe 
task put on GEC Avionics last 
March was to establish that the 
Nimrod would meet the RAF 

Lord Weinstock, 
managing direc- 
tor of GEC, 
recounts the 
history of his 
firm’s contender 
and appeals for a 
fair chance to 
clear away the 

at the end of the 
i period. 

That Boeing’s Awacs is opera- 
tional today, although still below 
the RAFs requirements, does not 
mean that its delivery will be any 
sooner or its capability any greater 
than Nimrod’s. In fact, Nimrod 
looks certain to be ready sooner, 
with added functions for much 
less than toe Boeing cosL 

Had our per for mance been as 
bad as it is apparently painted. It is 
extraordinary that we could hove 
been nominated as recently as 
September 25 to go forward for 
filial adjudication when the three 
other contendere were eliminated. 
Even later, at the end of Septem- 
ber, we were asked by the MoD to 
continue for a further tone 
months on toe same 50:50 pricing 

Contrary to recent media re- 
ports that Nimrod has been 
achieving only * 30 per cent 
success rate in trials, tire project 
has achieved 91 hours and 40 
minutes of successful mission 

system operation out of a poten- 
tial 100 hours (20 flights) between 
October 23 and Iasi Friday after- 

The nature of the comments in 
some newspapers purporting to 
emanate from the Ministry of 
Defence suggests that Nimrod 
cannot be made to work, or would 
in any case be years late. But our 
people, just as experienced, dedi- 
cated and patriotic, say precisely 
the opposite, and question the 
depth of the assessment given the 
magnitude of the programme. 
And Lockheed is offering to many 
countries overseas an airbo rne 
early- warning system comprising 
its ftwifliM Hercules C-130 air- 
frame and GECTs Nimrod mission 

system — dearly Lockheed is fully 
satisfied with the system. 

I have outlined why any layman 
might doubt the validity of the 
assessment, but why do our 
experts doubt it? Because toe 
assessment of schedules and re- 
sources was not interlinked or co- 
ordinated with the technical 

of development pro- 
grammes; no MoD team men> 
here, expressed any iesdoal 
concern and no coot of the report 
was offered to GEC for comment 
-although Boeing seems to have 
found itsdf in a position to issue a 
statement stating that the 
evaluation had been co ndu cted m 
an “exemplary” manner and was, 
in its opinion, “technicaflv thor- 
ough fliiri scrupulously HUr ■_ 
could not possibly have written 
such a statement because we have 
never had access to tine necessary 
information on which it is 
presumably based. 

The unanswered questions 
surrounding toe project can only 
serve to cloud toe issnes. We have 
fiiifiiiM our obligati ons un d er toe 
arrangements which were entered 
into with the MoD in February 
1986 * „ . . . 

However, if Nimrod is s o bad 
now after its “amazing” progress 
in ntnft months, how could 
it ever have been right to waste 
an ot he r £50 million, half of it 
public money? If is not the 
case, why was Nimrod not elimi- 
nated in August when three alter- 
native systems were dropped? 

Why, why? 

6 The Government are anxious to give the company 
the chance to demonstrate that it can complete the 
project satisfactorily. The company has now shown 
its commitment to, and confidence in, its ability to 
do this. It has also recognized — I pay tribute to it 
for this — the need to show that its solution Is com- 
petitive with the alternatives that are on offer. The 
Government have sought in the negotiations to give 
it every opportunity to recover a most unsatisfactory 
position which reflects, in part, wider shortcomings 
in the management of defence procurement That, 
too, most be vigorously tackled. J 

Commons statement by Norman Lamont, Minister of 
Defence Procurement, February 26, 1986 

Why has no critical comment 
been received since Iasi March on 
toe technical progress we have 
reported? why is Lock- 
heed/Georgia p r epared to rely on 
Nimrod avionics fbr worldwide 
sales of airborne early-warning 
systems? Why toe ministerial 
statements that Nimrod •‘works”? 
Above all why does the MoD 
steadfastly refose to show us the 
technical assessment which an 
“official” told The Sunday Times 
he will make public to GECs 

Sorely, we should now te given 
the opportunity of putting forward 
our critique of the whole assess- 
mentbefore some mutually agreed 
independent party capable of 
mating a jpd gpment as to whether 
toe conclusions of toe ass e ss me n t 
are justified. 

If that assessment is right, and 
as one of toe go v er nm ent’s largest 
suppliers of militaxy equipment, 
we wifi be very grateful to have 
been saved toe toss and ignazmsy 
which failure on our part to fulfil 
the contract would involve. If not, 
the government would want to 

Because of toe importance and 
significance of this matter for 
Britain, in terms of defence, 
avionics, jobs, export earnings and 
national pride, tire decision should 
not be allowed to be taken against 
such a background of seeming 
confusion and disorder. 


“This kind of Hung has never been 
done before without us bashing 
each other over the head,” de- 
clared a jubilant John Sdwyn 
Gummer after yesterday's 
announcement of partial reform 
of the EEC dairy and beef in- 
dustry. “It opens toe way for 
bringing down those food 

Even sceptical EEC officials are 
talking about a breakthrough, 
while adding, as one of them put it 
yesterday, that “the real dust-up is 
yet to come." 

Mr Gummer, toe junior Agri- 
culture Minister, was speaking for 
Britain became Michael Jopting, 
toe Agriculture Minister, was in 
the chair as president of toe Farm 
CounriL He was also in toe chair 
during the night before, and 
indeed many nights and days 
before that “The poor chap's been 
incarcerated,” a British source 

Senior British officials, from Sr 
Geoffrey Howe downwards, are 
unamnsed by suggestions that Mr 

How soon will 
EEC mountains 
begin to fall? 

Year. Be warns starkly that the 
EEC wifl simply ran out of cash by 
mid-1987 and non-farming pro- 
grammes such as regional and 
social spending or research fund- 
ing will collapse. Yesterday’s 
British-engineered agreement cm 
milk abd beef is qualified try 
loopholes and ra n di' fir m ^ and jf 
the Commission waits for Mr 
Gramnerts vision of feUing food 
mountains to come about before 
tackling overall financing it will 
wait a long time. 

The surpluses, for all Mr 
Jopling’s efforts, are not about to 
disappear, and the beef mountain 

Jopting, together with other Brit- 
ish ministers, has been engaged in 
‘cosmetic politics” in the dying 
days of the British presidency erf 
the EEC in order to achieve what 
the first five months of the 
presidency, and above all toe ETC 
London summit earlier this 
month, foiled to tackle: farm 
reform, air feres and other central 
issues. Better to leave it to spec- 
ialist ministers than to risk a bit of 
unpleasant “bashing” at summit 
level, toe British aigument runs. 

The result of Mr Jopting’s 
sustained and sleepless efforts is 
ubdoubtedly a significant step 
forward. As late as Monday, when 
the much-adjourned farm taiw 
resumed, few of those involved 
were predicting any compromise 
at alL The West Germans are 
holding elections in a month's 

time and the co n ventional wis- 
dom is that no politician can 
afford to alienate the rural vote. 

Jopting: ‘Incarcerated’ 

Hence repeated failure to tackle 
the absurdities of the Common 
Agricultural Policy. 

The CAP is “like a resident 
expanding cuckoo” said a British 
official. It swallows up more than 
two-thirds of the EEC budget in 
form-price support and storage. 
But somebody in the EEC is 
always on the wage of an ejection. 

The British view is that white 
rural sensitivities are important, it 
is not necessarily electorally disas- 
trous to tell voters that the EEC as 
a whole as agreed to grasp the 
nettle of form reform. On the 
contrary, yet another national row 
with the EEC may prove elector- 
ally unpopular. “After all”, said, a 
British source, “we may not be for 
off an election ourselves.” 

The outcome of this week’s 
frantic pre-Christmas rush, while 

Delors: stark wanting 

ft has achieved a great deal against 
the odds p gafmft the clock, 
does store up trouble for the future 
— which means the Belgian presi- 
dency in toe first half of 1987. But 
Sir Geoffrey is able to claim, with 
justice, that Britain has paved the 
way for both form reform and 
cheaper air feres — the two most 
prominent European issues. 

Mrs Thatcher will be able to 
daim toat a start has been made in 
cutting firm spending so that an 
overhaul of the EEC’s finances as 
demanded by the Commission 
can begin. 

But Jacques Delors, the 
Commissiaa president — # still 
s mart i ng from his humiliation at 
Mrs Thatcher’s hands at the 
London summit-- wants to get to 
grips with toe catastrophic budget 
overrun immediately in the New 

/, may even nse as 
dairy formers slaughter cattle to 
reduce milk and butter output 

Restructuring EEC finanw-g 
could involve in the long term 
restructuring the system of rebates 
won amid much clamour by Mrs 
Thatcher at the Fontainebleau 
summit two years ago, and in toe 
short term almost certainly means 
emergency extra national con- 
tributions to meet over-spending. 
Both arouse Mrs Thatcher's ire, as 
she made dear in an un- 
compromising and, on the whole, 
ill-received performance at the 
European Parliament last week. 

In o ther words Britain, against 
toe odds, has started the CAP 
reform rolling, though whether in 
time or on the scale needed to 
solve the immediate budgetary 
headac h es remains to be seen. 

But yestersday the Belgians, 
who take over toe presidency in 
two weeks time, were generous in 
their praise of the British achieve- 
ment even while looking ahead 
somewhat anxiously to toe budget 
crunch w hich they confidently 
expect will take place in the spring 
under their chairmanship, what- 
ever new proposals Mr Defers and 
the Commissiom come up with 
when he tours EEC capitals in the 
New Year. 

Richard Owen 

No two people speak or write 
exactly toe same English. Each of 
us differs from ail other En glish - 
users in vocabulary, grammar, 
pronunciation, slang, idiosyn- 
crasy, misunderstandings, sole- 
cisms. family jokes and dozens of 
other parts of toe language. A 
man' s version of English is called 
his idiolect, and it is far more 
st riking ly peculiar to him than his 

We tend to think of our particu- 
lar idiolect as standard, and 
everybody else's as aberrant 
Eveiybody’s out of step except our 
Johnnie. We tiy to pass on our 
idolects to pur children. I remem- 
ber my either working himself 
into a passion about toe Suffolk 
Ow his children were learning 
instead of toe smarter metropoli- 
tan long O- The other day I met an 
undergraduate reading English at 
St Hilda's who was bong given a 
hand time by her .mother, a 
graduate of that noble college 
beside toe Isis, for saying and 
writing “different id” rather than 
“different from". The next day I 
met an English teacher who 

hart a hnhhvjmup ^hAiiitliflpTMl 


Philip Howard: New Words for Old 

from in his idiolect We had better 
look into the matter. 

The brisk answer to this particu- 
lar foible in people’s idiolects is 
that it is a superstition, if not a 
fetish. The Oxford English Dic- 
tionary reports toat toe usual 
construction is now different 
"from", but that different “to” is 
found in writers of all ages. For 
those who turn purple and hiss at 
toe supposed American barbarism 
different “than”, I regret to tell 
you that “different than” is found 
in such masters of English as 
Fuller, Addison, Steele, Defoe, 
Fanny Burney. Coleridge, Sou- 
they, De Qumcey, Carlisle and 

The grammatical argument for 
different “from” is that the prepo- 
sition stays the same after 
moroholrozicalW related verbs. 

adjectives and nouns: I differ 
from, different from, difference 
from. But this correspondence is 
erratic full of, but filled with; 
proud of. but pride in; this accords 
with, but according to; I neglect, 
but negligent of; this derogates 
from, derogatory to. The prepo- 
sitions that go with certain words 
are matters of idiom, taste, and 
idiolect; and all are in a state of 
constant flux. 

My teacher friend, who is a good 
classicist as well as an English 
purist, adheres to his idiolect: “I 
remain obdurate (or feiriy so) that 
toe likes of Ovid and Shakespeare 
are showed to break rales and 
make them, but lesser mortals 
should be more diffident” The 
prefix “dis-” has essentially toe 
implication «/f “apart", separa- 
tion, and this must take from, and 
not to. The latter, exceut from the' 


pen of a master of literature, 
sounds cacophonous. You would 
not surely accept “to” after distin- 
guish. disconnect, disagree . - ? 
You may retort with disadvanta- 
geous or disallow, but I would 
distinguish these as having the 
prefix “ad-” dominating. 

I found myself writing 
“different . . . than” the other 
day, because there was a thumping 
big parenthesis between toe adjec- 
tive and its preposition. I looked 
at it again, and decided that il 
sounded right, or suited my 
idiolect, and Jet it stand. Different 
than is toe only way to say it, when 
different is followed by a compar- 
ative tban-dause. She’s quite a 
different jnri than she was five 
years ago. The unions are taking a 
very different attitude than the 
bosses. “From” would do m the 
latter example. It goes to show that 
you must wear your idiolect with a 
difference. But these prepositional 
quirks and idioms are not serious 
solecisms or important inks, be- 
cause whichever you use, the sense 
is dear. Grammar that is really 
bad is the idiolect- that obscures 
vour meaning and ruins the sense. 

Wilfred Beckerman 

The problem of 
judging evil 

..... J— Eduction «! 

The police are right to take 
precautions to protect. Myra 
Hindlev. One can easily imagine 
the appalling anguish and night- 
mares that will haunt toe parents 
of their victims as long as they 
live. If thev feel that merely 
rendering such monsters harmless 
behind prison bars is not enough, 
fa would be a perfectly under- 
standable reaction in any normal 
human being. Most of us win also 
have reacted toe same way tolast 
week’s sickening and heartbreak- 
ing t ep o rt by the NSFCC on toe 
increase in cruelty to children 
almost always by their parents. 

Our natural instinct on such 
occasions is to want to mete out 
dire p unishm ent. We can only 
jusiifv that to ourselves, of course, 
if we' also pass moral judgement 
on the perpetrators. In such a 
Himaw*. arguments like Bernard 
Levin’s defence of toe practice of 
paypng moral judgements on 
people (this page- November 24) 
will foil on fertile soil. 

Mr Levin writes: “The greatest 
and most dangerous lie of our time 
is that we are solely the result of 
our upbringing, our milieu . - " 
etc. He says this is a dangerous lie 
cinrp fa leads to “determinism . . - 
and toe . . .condonation of guilt 
and the dismissal of respon- 
sibility”. But this is a total 
misrepresentation of deter- 
minism, which does not require 
tha t people’s behaviour is deter- 
mined solely by their environ- 
ment. Their genes play a part We 
would be justified in passing 
moral judgements only if we 
thought that people are somehow 
morally responsible for their ge- 
netic endowment 

With increasing scientific 
understanding of the genetic basis 
of personality, the absurdity of 
passing moral judgements on 
people for acts we abhor but which 
we know to be toe result of say, 
some specific abnormality in their 
chromosomes, wifi become more 

Suppose we took two people 
with identical genetic endow- 
ments and identical environ- 
mental experience, would we 
expea them to be capable of 
behaving differently in any 
particular situation? If toe answer 
is “Yes,” then I would like to 
know what exactly it is in them 
that would explain the difference. 

When I challenge philosophers 
who shrink from toe detenninist 
conclusion to give me a straight 
answer to my question, I am 
usually met by a smokescreen of 

trrfintral sophistry. Or 1 am told 

that if I were right and that we 
were entirely the products of our 
genetic endowment and our 
environmental experience, then 
the future would be entirely 
determined. Now this may be a 
most unappetizing conclusion, but 
if toe logical implication of a 
certain argument is unpalatable, 
that hardly refutes the argument 

None of this means, however, 
that behaviour that sickens most 
of ns has to be tolerated. This 

dangerous deduction is usually toe 
Sito of failure to distinguish 
between passing moral judge- 
ments on people and passing 
judgements on acts toat people 
Soul That toat we cannot say 
that people are "bad in a moral 
mdoe not preclu* rour Wg 
that certain acts are bad in toe 
sense toat they inflict suffering on 
other people. .... 

Of course, cruelty to children or 
anybodv else is indescribably 
revolting. If one likes to call the 
people who perpetrate such acts 
“bad”, so be it. There is no doubt 
That thev must not be allowed to 
get awav with it. But they are only 
“bad” in toe same sense toat an 
apple is bad if eating ft would 

fnafcp you. ill. One WOUld OOt 

dream of passing moral judge- 
ments on toe apple for being , what 
it is. But one tends to do so in toe 
case of “bad" people on account of 
the filusion that they are somehow 
or other “free”. 

This illusion of freedom is a 
natural one. but the fact that we 
may feel free in toe sense that we 
may constantly be making choices 
that are not dictated by anybody 
outside us does not mean we' are 
free in toe sense of not being the 
slaves of what is inside us. it is 
undignified, I suppose, to admit 
that we are just a form of infinitely 
variable robot; but, sadly, that is 
the feci of toe matter 

Fortunately, our own pro- 
grammes do not prevent us from 
dealing with those of our kind who 
have been badly programmed 
Since we must condemn their 
actions, we need to restrin their 
behaviour, which may involve 
locking them up. But there should 
be nothing personal about it We 
need to be able to say, “We are 
sorry about this; it is not your fault 
that you are a monster. But society 
cannot tolerate such revolting 
behaviour, and we have to prevent 
you giving free rein to the ‘bad* 
sides of your nature with which 
you have been inflicted.” 

The suffering in this world is 
already enough to make most 
people despair of the human race. 
It is toe product of a strange mix of 
genetic and environmental char 
racteristics, for neither of which 
are people morally responsible. To 
accuse them of being so can only 
generate yet further hatred and 
vindictiveness, perpetuate toe 
spirit of revenge and intolerance, 
and corrupt even those most 
appalled by toe type of behaviour 
toat they rightly condemn. An 
ideal — but no doubt unattainable 
— society would know how to 
maintain a spirit of revulsion fbr 
acts that hurt other people, and 
how to minimize them without 
cultivating an instinctive hatred 
for the perpetrators of such acts. 
Probably toe best we can do is to 
recognize that any increase in toe 
stun total of hatred and intol- 
erance can only make the world an 
even more unpleasant place for 
most people to live in. 

The author is a Fellow of Balliol 
College, Oxford. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Shirt tales 
in the air 

Hong Kong! The very name was 
like the ping of a cash register. I 
was so excited at toe thought of 
arriving in a duty-free area 25 
miles long that I could not sleep. 
At the hour when everyone else in 
toe aircraft had been put into a 
deep trance by the in-flight movie 
— in which Tom Conti tried to 
look like a Pope, but succeeded 
only in resembling Ringo Starr — 
and the stewardess had turned the 
lights off, I went fbr a walk in my 
padded feet 

Thus it was that I climbed up 
the small spiral staircase at the 
front, and there it was that I found 
several veteran travellers stiff 
awake, sitting round a small log 
fire with glasses of brandy, 
exchanging travellers' yarns. 

“Tell me about Hong Kong,” I 
begged them. 

“Hong Kong?” said one. “Imag- 
ine a large lump of rock colonized 
entirely by the Tottenham Court 

“It is so geared to shopping,” 
said another, “that you are given a 
free supermarket trolley on 

“It is toe only airport in toe 
world where there are three 
channels,” said another: "Some- 
thing to Declare, Nothing to 
Declare and Order a Suit to be 
Made While Going Through 
Customs .” 

“I remember toe first shirt I 
ever had made in Hong Kong,” 
said the opening speaker reflec- 
tively. “I had never been in the 




“Worked for a big store chain, 

“No, for a big newspaper. They 
can't get through Christmas with- 
out a Death Trap Toy Horror 
story. Anyway, I went into a 
tailor’s shop to aide the way, and as 
I stepped through toe door I was 
aware of someone running a tape- 
measure over me. 

“As Z walked across toe floor to 
the counter I could hear machines 
whirring, and just as I reached the 
counter there was toe rustle of 
packing paper. The man behind 
toe counter smiled and said: 
Three -white shirts to your 
measurements, sir.’ It had taken 
them precisely 17 seconds to 

and none of them have ever fitted 
me property ” 

“Impressive,” said a large man 
with a ginger toupee. “Bm I think I 
can beat that. I was once in Hoag 
Kong for 16 hours. A long stay, I 
know, but I was delayed by having 
to fill in as Governor for a while. 

So I decided to take a long roll of - 
cloth, left behind by my prede- 
cessor, to a tailor's and get it run 
up into clothes. There must have f. 
been enough in it for 50 shirts. I 
went in, saw it taken away by an 
assistant and while I was still 
haggling over the price, saw it 
brought back as 50 shirts.” 

“Bet you were pleased.” 

“Not really. I wanted it turned 
into dresses for my wife, you see. 

But before my very eyes — and this 
is where Hong Kong beats every- 
where else — they converted those 
shirts into nine dresses. My wife 
still wears them and they fit nicely. 

Pity they’ve all got collars at waist 
leveL You can’t have every thing ” 

“I have a strange story to tell 
about Hong Kong shirts," gai n d 
man who had been silent so for. “I 
had been to a tailor to order 1 00 ,i 
suits to be made overnight He ■ 
said this would involve building a 
new factory that evening. I said 
that would be fine, as long as he 
didn’t make too much noise. But 
that night I was called away by my 
company of engineers to build a 
dam in Thailand, and I was there 
for three years without collecting 
the suits. From there 1 was ratipft 
to an irrigation scheme in Lesotho 
and from there to land reclama- 
hon in the worst part of Central 
America. After eight years work- 
ing m toe worst conditions in toe 
worid, I finally got back to Hong 
Kong to daim those suits, only to 

^They weren’t ready?” 

V** *“<& 311 right. 

No, I found that while I had been 
away / had shrunk three sizes and . » 
my shape had changed entirely.” i ' 
. Money down toe drain," said 

ginger toupee. 

“Notai all,” said toe 100-suit 
^T5ey all now fitted me 

“Thatreminds me of a story I 
oeara about a man who found fly 
buttons fitted to his socks,” said 
Btoger toupee, at which point I 
crept away into toe night and went 
tedc to dream about Hong Kong. 

^SrS^ t Hon $ KonS 

fcZ.'Vy a jade Buddha with auto- 
focus shutter and AM/FM tuner!) j 










V •/ i 


1 Pennington street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 

- _ ' • ^3-1- 

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SsatSsHS ^££>‘.=2 aft 

ra^ folL fidence for sSmtiJ 

rales in full This alone is ™ Ior un- 

enough to demonstrate the retnam to he 

unfairness of the existine svs- ^ nswer «*i- The Government 
tem. But worse is the fart that bm t °ow before 

since most of the money goes ‘ament, to introduce a 
“> authorities in inne/Jties 

with the highest social needs, it 
also goes to many leftist 
authorities which are 
bureaucratically inefficient 
and given to irresponsible 
over-spending, even on top of 
the Government’s 

redistnbutionist financing. 

They know that the bill can 
be charged up to the rate 
payers without any ill con- 
sequences to themselves, since 
the majority of their political 
supporters, paying little or no 
rates, have no incentive to call 
them to account. Ins tead, the 
burden falls on a minority of 
local people — and on busi- 
nesses which have no votes 
and which are often driven 
from these areas, taking with 
* y them the employement pros- 
pects the inner cities so badly 

The Secretary of State for 
the Environment, Mr Nicholas 
Ridley, has now confirmed the 
intention to abolish domestic 
rates in the next Parliament It 
is intended that virtually the 
whole electorate, and resident 
foreigners, should pay a 
community charge in part or 
in full, including even stu- 
dents, pensioners and people 
on social security. For these 
exceptional categories there 
would be rebates, but even so 
there would be a minimum 
payment of some 20 per cent 
The community charge, so the 
'/■ theory runs, will give every 
voter an incentive to call his 
local authority to account 

will provide both a pilot 
scheme and reassurance. 

It may or it may not 
Scotland is being dealt with 
first partly because political 
discontent over rating revalua- 
tion has been sharper there, 
and partly because the dif- 
ference between the highest 
and lowest rate in Scotland is 
narrower so that the change 
will have less of an impact on 
individuals. Yet even in Scot- 
land, making people pay a 
local tax who have never paid 
one before is, to say the least a 
dubious political attraction. 

But the largest doubts relate 
to feasibility. There is, first the 
question of the public’s accep- 
tance of the tax and its 
willingness to pay. Nobody 
can escape PAYE or indirect 
tax. But the collection of the 
new charge will depend very 
much on the tax-payer, includ- 
ing students, lodgers mid peo- 
ple moving frequently from 
place to place whom it win be 
hard to trace. Local authorities 
will need a list of the names 
and addresses of everyone 
liable to pay the charge. How 
will that be compiled? 

Anxious that the new charge 
should not be called a poll tax, 
the Government at first 
seemed to disclaim any inten- 
tion to use the electoral rotL 
But it now seems that local 
authorities may be invited to 
use the roll as at least one of 
their sources. This has the 
grave objection that it could be 

an inducement for people to 
keep their names oft the 
electors’ list The alternative is 
some kind of census requiring 
a cooperation which might not 
always be forthcoming. 

Ministers have some ideas 
for overcoming these diffi- 
culties. Local authorities 
would be able to get orders 
enabling them to deduct the 
community charge payment in 
instfllmqpt s from the earnings 
of defaulters (and from the 
social security of non-earn- 
ers?). But that will place a 
massive burden on an already 
over-stretched tax-collecting 
system, even allowing for 

There are also to be fines for 
non-registration, but how is 
registration to be policed? The 
Government assumes that it 
will be in the interests of local 
authorities to identify those 
due to pay. But will this really 
be true of leftist local authori- 
ties whose own supporters will 
be due to pay the charge; after 
years of not being asked to pay 

Payment for lodgers will be 
dealt with by a special collec- 
tive charge for which landlords 
will be liable? But how is this 
going to catch the many casual 
and ’’unofficial ” lodgers stay- 
ing in apparently private 
homes? In short, this could 
become a nightmare of new 
bureaucracy imposed by a 
Government dedicated to the 
reverse. It is possible that this 
well-meant change will be 
much more damaging to the 
government than even its for- 
mer attempts to reform local 
government The Conser- 
vatives may come to wish they 
had stuck to some kind of 
reform that was still based 
firmly on the visible owner- 
ship of property. 


If it had emerged two months 
ago that the United States was 
giving intelligence informa- 
tion to the Iraqis so that they 
might evaluate and improve 
their bombing raids against 

li&h anything like an alliance or 
even to provide the Iraqi air 
force with a tempting target. 

The Iraqis at least saw the 
logic of this since they grate- 
fully continued the intelligence 

Iran, the news would have -relationship after the negotia- 
caused very little stir. For tions with Iran became, public 

several years the United States 
has been known to be 
“leaning’' towards Iraq in the 
Iran-Iraq war and some such 
assistance would have been 
regarded as little more than a 
detail confirming the fact. 

What has given this report 
such spice is the genuine 
revelation in the intervening 
period that the United States 
had also supplied arms to the 
Iranians, either in order to 
restore good relations with a 
strategically important power, 
or to facilitate the release of 
American hostages. There is a 
Gallic touch in the idea of 
selling high-priced arms to the 
Ir anians, giving the Iraqis the 
information with which to 
destroy them, and gaining 
kudos with both’ sides as a 

It is almost a pi ty to 
conclude that this Machiavel- 
lian interpretation of US pol- 
icy is probably a mistaken one. 
The amoum of arms delivered 
to the Iranians during the brief 
period of US-Iranian detente 
was equal to less than one per 
cent of Iran’s total arms pur- 
chases over the period — far 
too little to influence the 
outcome of the war, to estab- 

knowledge. They apparently 
took the view that the pro- 
vision of intelligence informa- 
tion to them represented a 
more serious and long-term 
commitment of American for- 
eign policy than did the pro- 
vision of arms to Iran. And 
they are plainly right 

The more that is known 
about President Reagan's ap- 
proach to Iran, the less it 
appears to have been inspired 
by any great strategic design. It 
seems to have been a catch-all 
affair, embarked upon by the 
White House for a number of 
reasons, principally to secure 
the release of the hostages 
through a deal in which arms 
were the currency. 

Tthe “tilt” to Iraq was based 
on the more secure ground of a 
common interest in prevent- 
ing an Iranian victory in the 
Gulf war. Rom the American 
standpoint, this would risk 
bringing down local pro- West- 
ern regimes, destabilising the 
region generally and giving 
encouragement to pro-Iranian 
terrorist groups in the Middle 

A negotiated settlement 
would, of course, be the most 
desirable resist So the pros- 

pect of acting as honest broker 
in such negotiations may well 
have been among President 
Reagan’s motives in approach- 
ing Iran. But it was always a 
long shot Negotiations have 
been obstructed until now by 
the conviction of the Ayatollah 
Khomeini’s regime that vic- 
tory is possible and indeed 
likely, and nothing seemed 
likely to change that 

Providing intelligence to 
Iraq could thus be justified on 
two grounds. By shoring up 
Iraq, it would at least prevent 
the damaging consequences of 
an outright Iranian victory, 
and it might even produce a 
stalemate on the battlefield 
and finally force the I ranians 
to the conference table. (Some- 
thing like that may yet happen 
given recent Iranian reverses.) 

If that meant giving assis- 
tance to both sides, the White 
House could comfort itself 
that such duplicity is not 
uncommon. The Soviet 
Union, for instance, supplies 
arms directly to Iraq, and via 
Libya and Syria to Iran. In a 
democracy, however, such 
manoeuvres are likely to be- 
come public knowledge, as this 
ooe did yesterday, making the 
US administration look both 
hypocritical and foolish, as 
this one did yesterday. But the 
folly involved was not the 
assistance to Iraq, but Presi- 
dent Reagan’s ill-feted ap- 
proach to die Ayatollah. 


The National Alliance for 
Reconstruction (NAR) has 
won a famous victory in 
Trinidad and Tobago, inflict- 
ing upon the ruling People’s 
National Movement (PNM) a 

4 comprehensive defeat in the 
islands* general election. De- 
spite government reverses in 
local elections and a poor 
showing in the opinion polls, 
few had predicted such an 
outcome — which saw the 
Prime Minister and most of 
his Cabinet unseated. 

The PNM has held power 
continuously since indepen- 
dence 30 years ago, first under 
the guiding hand of its 
founder. Dr Eric Williams, 
and since his death in 19S1, 
under the outgoing Prone 
Minister, George Chambers. 
In the last election five y^rs 
ago. it trounced a divided 
opposition at a time ot 

' continuing prosperity. 

On that occasion, howevr, 
only 56 per cent of tne 
electorate voted, reflecting 
partly the shortage of issues, 
and partly the failure of Tnm- 
dad politicians to construct a 
coherent opposition. _ 

Both these deficiencies have 

been repaired. Tnmdads 
economv has fallen on harder 
times, with the local currency 

devalued by 33 per cent last 
year, the collapse of several 
finance houses and rising un- 
employment This turn-round 
for Trinidad’s 1.2 million 
souls, who not so long before 
were comfortably sustained by 
a . large sugar industry, an 
exporting offehore oilfield and 
burgeoning tourism, has come 
as a shock to the system. 

There has been at least an 
element of bad luck — as with 
the collapse of the world oil 
price. But the government has 
also been criticised for mis- 
handling the oil revenue and 
for foiling both to modernise 
the sugar industry and to 
diversify the economy. For 
one triumphant NAR can- 
didate to declare, as he did last 
night, that his party’s success 
was a “blow against corrup- 
tion, vice and immorality” 
might be putting it a little 
strongly. But power tends to 
breed complacency and Trini- 
dad and Tobago (the island 
where Defoe shipwrecked 
Robinson Crusoe) has looked 
in some need of fresh air. 

Moreover, the opposition 
parties have at last got their act 
together. The NAR - a merger 
of four existing parties - has 
managed to break the ethnic 
mould which had previously 

characterised local politics — 
with the blacks and urban 
Indians traditionally support- 
ing the PNM. This time the 
accepted divisions have 
seemed to he no longer valid. 

There is unlikely to be any 
dramatic change in Trinidad’s 
foreign policy. George Cham- 
bers was a critic of President 
Reagan’s Grenada interven- 
tion three years ago and, more 
recently, boycotted the 
controversial England cricket 
tour. But relations with Britain 
and the United States have 
remained for the most part 
very dose. Although geo- 
graphically doser to the 
Venezuelan coast, Trinidad’s 
biggest trading partner is the 
US — and it is hard to see bow 
this can change very markedly. 

Such extravagance seems 
unlikely to be encouraged 
under the leadership of the 
new Prime Minister, Mr Ar- 
thur Raymond Napoleon 
Robinson, the Oxford-edu- 
cated lawyer whose Immediate 
Action Plan will concentrate 
on uniting the elements in 
local society and encouraging 
the middle classes to save and 
invest. He will need time to 
prove his mettle. But Trinidad 
would seem to need him - and 
Britain should wish him well. 

: Putting Aids in 
moral context 

i From Mr R. C. Sopwith 

Sir, The strength of Mr James 
Anderton’s remarks, as reported 
by your Northern Correspondent 
(December 12), seems to be 
directed against a society which is 
not markedly different from its 
predecessors, nor I fear its likely 
successors. The wisdom of his 
remarks in the context in which 
they were made I leave for others 
to judge, but may I offer three 

First, your headline, “Anderton 
crusade against Aids”, is mislead- 
ing, even mischievous. It now 
seems logical that where 
promiscuity occurs. Aids is likely 
to be a self-inflicted scourge as 
well as a terrible poison infucted 
upon the innocent. But it was 
promiscuity and perversion 
against which Mr Anderton spoke 
so forcefully, not Aids alone. 

Second, Aids is a dreadful 
warning to be spelt out by police- 
men or progressives, teachers or 
temporisers and traditionalists or 
tempters. It is of no value to set up 
a “right-wing” versus “left-wing” 
contest over fee rotting corpse of 
the issue, although it would be 
naive to deny the differences 
which exist in dia gnosing and 
dealing with fee deep-rooted cause 
of society's plight. 

Third, condemnation does not 
necessarily exdude compassion 
and the Aids sufferer requires as 
much of fee latter as any leper or. 
cancer sufferer, whatever fee* 
cause of the conditon. 

Restraint is ever-tough to pro- 
mote, unpopular to promulgate, 
but after a recent visit to a 
university’s students* union 
proclaiming “Lesbian, Gay and 
Bisexual Week” I would not only 
ask Mr Anderton’s questions but 
long that a more yp i p n ^i mental 
and physical health be the experi- 
ence of nsall. 

Yours faithfully, 



Wellington CoUege, 

Crowthome, Berkshire. 

December 13. 

From Dr Max Gammon 
Sir, Those who reject, as un-caring 
and u u -Ghriff riafi, Chief Cons table 
Anderton’s observations on Aids 
are confusing the requirement of 
compassion for the sinner with 
condonation of the sin. 

The patterns of behaviour 
which have led to the emergence 
of Aids and which are promoting 
its spread are repeatedly con- 
demned throughout fee Bible. To 
those who argue that because this 
behaviour is believed to be wide- 
spread it must therefore be ac- 
cepted as normal it should be 
answered that on this basis, given 
time, Aids itself may become 
“normal”. If their opinions are 
allowed to go unchallenged it 
almost certainly wilL 
Yours faithfully, 


Church Cottage, 

; 92 Southwark Park Road, SE16. 
December 15. 

From Mr Charles Alchley 
Sir, Of course Mr Anderton’s 
co mmen ts about Aids are plain 
common sense, even if some do 
not find it convenient to admit it 
He has rendered a service in 
putting the matter so unequivo- 
cally before the public. 

Yours ferthfuDy, 


Jope House, 

19 Cecil Road, 

Weston-Super-Mare, Avon. 
December 14. 

A prince’s role 

From Mr Kenneth Rose 
Sir, John Grigg writes of the 
Abdication (December 11): Ed- 
ward became, as the new King 
wished, HRH the Duke of Wind- 
sor, and so forfeited the chance of 
ever becoming MP for Windsor— 
or anywhere else. 

But the Duke did not forfeit a 
seat in Parliament As a peer, he 
amid have punned his quaond 
with the Government from an 
equally public platform: fee 
House of Lads. 

It is only a convention, not a 


DECEMBER 37 1930 
In the 1930s billiards was a more 

Freedom of speech in universities 

r— » * cs n: . . ... thimhs large h to the brilliance 

on controversial issues. Untu the 
Duke’s death in 1972 a coat peg 
labelled “HRH The Duke of 
Windsor” awaited him at West- 
minster. He chose not to use iL To 
quote the words of Lord Beaver- 
brook: “Our cock wont fight.” - 
Yours sincer ely, 


38 Brunswick Gardens, W8. 
December II. 

Access to documents 

From Mr Maurice Cowling 
Sir, I do not believe that historians 
have a right to see official papas. 
But I was surprised to read your 
report (December 12) about the 
attempt which Sir Robert Ann- 
strong is supposed to be making to 
p rey a it publication of Neville 

By fee kindness of Mr and Mrs 
Lloyd, Chamberlain’s daughter 
and son-in-law, I was permitted to 
xerox it in fee early 1970s and to 
use it freely in The Impact of 
Hitler in 1975 and I understand 
that it has been freely accessible to 
scholars since. 

Can there be any purpose in 
bolting fee door now? 

Yours faithfully, 



December 12. 

A leading article on December 1 
incorrectly slated that the teaching 
unions abandoned a “concordat" 
with Government on teachers' pay. 
It was fee local education authorities 
who, in 1985, withdrew from an 
agreement between them and 
Govern mf*nL 

From Dr R. A. Stradling 
Sir, Bernard Levin is mistaken to 
assume, in an otherwise tren chan t 
article on December I. that 
historically fee universities have 
been amongst the strongest 
defenders of intellectual freedom. 
So far from providing (as he puts 
it) one of the “pilfers of the open 
society” for centuries fee English 
universities safeguarded precisely 
the opposite. In 16th-cemury 
Spain and in Nazi Germany 
universities took fee initiative in 
persecution of the heterodox, and 
* sacked their own professors. 

As Dr Moritz omitted to point 
out in his tremulous exculpation 
of University College. Cardiff 
(December 5) such p ros c ripti on 
was often carried out under sus- 
tained and fanatical pressure from 
student bodies. Many vic tims did 
not need to provoke by speaking 
or writing: they were sufficiently 
condemned by Jewish blood. 

Modern British institutions 
have been sheltered from such 
storms, but even one of such 
recent liberal vintage as Mr 
Levin’s own college (fee LSE) has 
by so means an untarnished 
record on the issues of “free 
speech” and “no platform”. 

Ironically at least, I agree with 
Dr Moritz that Mr Levin might 
have been more enlightened ifhe 
had contacted UCC to find out the 
full truth behind these events. For 
the painful feet is that anyone 
aware ofwhat has been going on at 
UCC these past 10 years could not 
be surprised by fee absurd agree- 
ment which the phrase “hecklers’ 
charter” fells pathetically short of 
fee mark in describing. 

It is only one in a sordid series 
of humiliations im pnwrf by fee 
administration of the college upon 
its membership. (The latest is that 
a year’s moratorium on book 
purchases has been imposed.) 
Your readers may feel that any 
academic, whatever his or her 
loyalty to institution and col- 
leagues, is in greater duty bound to 
defend certain abstract principles. 

The Times has hardly been 
deluged by outraged letters dis- 
sociating the teariling staff from 
these decisions, although actually 
we have no hand in them. You see, 
most of us at Cardiff lost our 
honour and comprom ised our 

Price of oil 

From Sir Colin Campbell 
Sr, It is fascinating to see the Bank 
of England noting the advantages 
to the Exchequer of a somewhat 
higher oil price just at a time when 
Opec are meeting. 

It has seemed to me since the 
marked price fell at the beginning 
of this year that the low ml price 
could only be said to be to our 
national advantage on a very short 
time perspective, if at alL The time 
has now oorae for our Govern- 
ment to take the same attitude 
towards Opec as the Norwegians 
have done. 

To acquiesce in a situation 
where no one can afford to 
develop new reserves in the North 
Sea seems contrary to the long- 
term national interest as well as 
having been disastrous in the 
short term for employment in the 

Indnstry and pupils 

From the Head Master of St 
Peter’s School. York 
Sir, In this last month of Industry 
Year 1 have just returned from a 

joint Services conference at Sand- 
hurst for head teachers, chaired by 
the Deputy Chief of the Defence 

Our 24 hours with senior offi- 
cers made me reflect on fee 
marked differences in the 
Services' and _ industry’s approach 
to keeping in touch wife and 
recruiting in our schools. 

The three Services send us 
excellent liaison officers who 
come in and interview interested 
pupils on an individual and 
continuing basis; they offer us 
visits from slick and highly pro- 
fessional presentation' teams; they 

View of deterrence 

From Mr Philip Payne 
Sir, David Hart’s defence of Star 
Wars (feature, December 2) rests 
upon four assumptions, all false. 

First, that the R ussians now 
have a first-strike capability and 
can make a nuclear attack on 
America, knowing feat no ade- 
quate reprisal will follow. Given 
fee impossibility of hitting nuclear 

Koran in translation 

From Mr P. J. Everinpon 
Sir, If the Literary Editor wants to 
give us his selection of religions 
(December 10) I suggest he take 
his shoes off first 
Yes, there are criteria of style for 
the translation of Holy Writ. 
There is also an etiquette for 
treading on other people’s holy 

Yours fa ithfully, 


54 St George’s Square, SWI. 
December 11. 

From Afr E. M- Syddique 
Sir, ■ Religious tolerance and 
understanding have not been 
helped by Philip Howard’s piece 
on the Penguin translation of the 
Koran. 1 am astonished and 
saddened that he should make 
such an elementary mistake as to 
refer to the religion of Islam as 
Mohammedanism. The relation- 
ship of Muhammed to Islam is 
quite different from that of Jesus 
Christ to Christians. 

Yours sincerely, 

E M. SYDDIQUE (Chairman. 
Lewisham and Kent Islamic 

42 St Martins Drive, 


Dartford, Kent 
December 10. 

consciences long ago. having been 
> made indifferent to shame by a 
t process akin to brutalisation, 
t Mr Levin may find this asser- 
: tion as difficult to believe as the 
t new that a university had of- 
, fi dally banned free speech. He is 
5 still welcome to come and find out 
i for himseff so long (of course) as 
i he doesn’t try to open his mouth 
r in public, 
r Yours sincerely, 

i 1 Rectory Road, 

I Penarth, South Glamorgan. 
December 6. 

i From Mr Christopher Short 

Sir, I have been handed a copy of 
i the letter from Dr L A. Moritz, 
Vice-Principal of University Coll- 
ege, Cardiff in your issue of 
December 5. 

I can directly contradict Dr 
Moritz. He says “fee unfortunate 
events of Mr Enoch PowelTs visit 

were unique in this college's 


This is incorrect I was an 
undergraduate in Cardiff and at- 
tended a demonstration against 
Mr Enoch Powell on November 7, 
1963. At feat time I was treasurer 
of the University Socialist Society. 
Prior to the meeting we bad 
discussed tactics to stop him 
speaking. My diary for the period 
states “next week ... fee Enoch 
Powell meeting may be a riot”. 

We attended his meeting in the 
Old Students’ Union. Park Place, . 
Cardiff after picketing the en- ‘ 
trance to the meeting. We caused 
some chaos inside the meeting, 
drowning his speech, but then 
decided to leave and included in 
our number was Mr Ted Row- 
lands, who is now the Labour MP 
for Merthyr TydfiL 
We then held our own meeting 
outride and Mr Enoch Powell had 
to be smuggled out of a back 
entrance wearing, I recall, a 
chauffeur's cap as an attempt at 
disguise, and be was hustled away 
by an official of the Conservative 
Association in a Land-Rover 
parked at a side entrance to the 

Yoins faithfully, 


3td Floor, USDAW Building, 

42 Charles Street, 

Cardiff South Glamorgan. 

areas affected and in the implica- 
tions for Britain’s oil supply boat 
fleets and other oil-related service 

Oil is no different from any 
other commodity in the sense that 
its price is dictated by supply and 
demand. What is needed is for 
Opec to join together wife other 
oil exporting countries to agree on 
a price policy. It is in the interests 
of all, and certainly this country, 
for that price level to be one on the 
basis of which it is economic to 
carry out new development. 

In addition, as the Scottish 
Development Agency is saying, 
there needs to be a rejig of the tax 
regime for oil companies to 
encourage a real resumption of 

Yours feithfuly, 


Kilbryde Castle, 

Dunblane, Perthshire: 

m ake every effort to invite heads 
and careers teachers into Service 

In contrast industry does little 
in this direction: no presentation 
teams, no equivalent of the 
Services* liaison officer, few at- 
tempts to get head teachers and 
their staffs into factories and 
board rooms to talk with and be 
briefed by senior management 
Are difficult economic con- 
ditions and fee legitimate pursuit 
of profits sufficient excuse for 
industry’s neglect of those school 
opportunities which are so 
enterprisingly grasped by our 
Armed Services? 

Yours faithfully, 


Head Master, 

St Peter’s School, 


silos before the early warning 
system signals that their missiles 
should be launched, and given the 
existence of 5,500 seaborne US 
warheads (figures in The Times, 
March 12, 1985), this assumption 
is arrant nonsense. 

Second, that Star Wars is a 
system bound to succeed because 
of “the onward rush of 
technology”. In feet it has been the 
repeated statement ‘of dis- 
interested scientists on both sides 
of the Atlantic that the project is 
either impossible, or not achiev- 
able until well into fee 21st 
century. Hopes for peace simply 
cannot wait that long. 

Third, that the Americans will 
share all their Star Wars secrets 
wife the Russians, so feat fee 
umbrella will keep the terrible rain 
from both sides. This is tanta- 
mount to saying, “We will keep 
nuclear weapons because we don’t 
trust you not to make an attack 
with your overwhelming con- 
ventional forces; but we now give 
you the technology to make them 
powerless against you.” 

Fourth, feat fee only alternative 
to mutually assured destruction is 
acceptance of Star Ware. In fact 
the only real alternative is a 
complete zero option; no nuclear 
weapons to threaten unborn 
generations with the barbarity of 
the present one. 

It is interesting that both world 
leaders have now raised this 
possibility. How tragic if the desire 
of Mrs Thatcher (and, alas, M l 
Mitterrand) to stay in some unreal 
superpower league should be a 
factor in making such a sane 
programme less likely. 

Yours feifofilUy, I 

9 Anglesea Road, 


Colchester. Essex. 

thanks largely to the brilliance of 
on Australian left-hander, Walter 
Lindnim, OBE (1898-1960), 
described as the greatest scoring 
player the game had ever known. 

He won this tournament, 
conceding 7,000 in every match, 
defeating Newman in tpe final by 

1J371. Two years later he broke ms 
own record with 4,1371 and gave a 
private exhibition before the King 
at Buckingham Palace 



’ W. L indrum created a new 
world’s record in his gaum in the 
international tournament with 
McConacby at Thurston’s HaD 
yesterday when be increased a 
break of 3 (unfinished) to &905. 

In d o i n g so Lindrum beat his 
previous highest break of 3,262, 
which he rrm*fc> last sewFon in 
London, and also the break of 
3,304 made by W. J. Peall so long 
ago as 1890, when the spot strobe 
was not restricted. Lindnim played 
ah through the aftonoon session, 
at the end of which the break bad 
realized 2J378 (unfinished), and 
altogether he was playing approxi- 
mately for three hours in making 
the break, at the end of which, 
having lost the white, be left his 
opponent in double balk. In fee 
course of the day Lindnim reduced 
McConacby's lead from 5,160 to 
. 1 , 163 . 

If Lindrum is able to win this 
match, after all, it will represent 
one of fee greatest achievements of 

hlS career. r.jnrfmTn has hooton all 
of his opponents fay a large margin, 
on level terms, but the concession 
ofa long start is a bigger test than if 
a match on level terms had been 
won a corresponding margin . . . 

. . . Lindrum ’s play was so 
accurate that the only real difficul- 
ty he experienced in scoring the 
first 1,000 points was when he had 
to make a difficult masse stroke at 
the end of a nm of 1 10 cannons .. . 
After reaching four figures 
Lindnim scored wife the same ease 
in the top-of-the-table game. Al- 
though there imi been so mn|| i | 
cannon play, there was never any 
suggestion of monotony • • • When 
fee break had been increased to 
1,137 Lindnim had to malm a 
cannon by playing on to the side 
cushion first, but the stroke was 
made so accurately that he was able 
to continue without the slightest 
trouble. At 1,271 there appeared to 
be a considerable prospect of the 
break ending. A kiss caused the 
halfa to nm very badly... 
Landrum’s artistry was so pro- 
nounced that the spectators ap- 
plauded him repeatedly for the 
cleverness of his play, and when he 
completed the second 1,000 there 
was prolonged applause, and, what 
is a little unusual in a billiard hall, a 
good deal of cheering. Lindnim was 
rather slower in scoring fee second 
1,000 points, but he scored the 
2JJ00 points in an hour and a half 
and went on to play out time wife 
what is undoubtedly one of the 
greatest breaks of his career . . . 

The scores at the interval were:- 
McConachy (receives 7,000) 
17,562; Lindrum (in play) 14,767. 

When he cootinnea the break in 
the evening Landrum nearly 
100 points, largely by toting hazard 
play. He got the balls to the top of 
the table, but played a cannon so 
genfly that the rails touched and 
were spotted ... In scoring the 
first 300 points Lindrum seemed to 
play wife a little more deliberation 
than usual, but he played all the 
time with fee greatest confidence. 
Although he experienced minor 
difficulties, Undrum was never in 
any actual trouble . . . Lindrum ’a 
judgment in the strength of his 
strokes almost invariably was 
perfect ... 

The break had a curious, and 
perhaps a slightly unlucky, ending. 
Lindrum was playing a middle- 
pocket loser when the two object 
balls were almost touching. He 
played rather sharply at the stroke 
and missed it, but soared by means 
of a thin cannon. The balls were 
left in a bad position and, although 
Lindrum made a very good cushion 
cannon, he lost the white in doing 
so, and in the mid he left a double 
balk when the break had realized 

The doting scares were:- 
McConachy (receives 7,000) (in 
play) 17,676; Lindnim 16,508. 

Helping charities 

From Miss Edna Smith 
Sir, Throughout the year, even 
more so now Christmas is near, 
my post has contained innumer- 
able appeals from an assortment 
of charities large and small, known 
and unknown to me. From some, 
identical packages arrived two or 
three times and once four times in 
under two weeks. 

In one of the charity Christmas 
card shops I noticed that some 
were under the umbrella name 
“Help” and benefited a number of 
smaller charities. Could some- 
thing similar be arranged for 
appeals, to reduce their costs? I for 
one would welcome a way of 
helping effectively some of the 
smaller charities. 

Yours faithfully, 


Flat 3, 

111 Warwick Way, SWI. 
December 4. 

Odds-on chance 

From Mrs Jacqueline Welchman 
Sir, On Sunday evening my bus-, 
band and I went home by taxi 
from Charing Cross to Putney. On 
Tuesday evening we caught a taxi 
home from Grosvenor Square to. 
Putney. When we were inside the- 
taxi we all realized that it was the 
same taxi again. 

What are fee odds of this 

Youis faithfully, 


1 1 Holmbush Road, SW15. 
December 10. 





Memorial services 



December 16: Admiral Sir Wil- 
liam O’Brien bad the honour of 
being received by The Queen 
upon relinquishing his appoint- 
ment as Vice-Admiral of the 
United Kingdom. 

Her Majesty held a Council at 
i 2.30 pm. 

There were present: the Vis- 
count Whitdaw (Lord Presi- 
dent). the Lord Young of 
Graffham (Secretary of State for 
Employment), the Right Hon 
Douglas Hurd, MP (Secretary of 
Slate for the Home Depart- 
ment). the Right Hon Malcolm 
Rifkind. MP (Secretary of State 

Mill Street. Botley Road, 

The Prince of Wales, attended 
by the Hon Rupert Fairfax, 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight. 

His Royal Highness this eve- 
ning attended an English Cham- 
ber Orchestra and Music Society 
Concert at the Queen Elizabeth 
Hall, London SE1. 

Mr Humphrey Mews was in 

for Scotland), the Right Hon 
Nicholas Ridley, MP (Secretary 
of State for the Environment) 

and the Right Hon Paul 
Channon. MP (Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry). 

Mr Geoffrey de Deaey was in 
attendance as Ceric of the 

The Viscount Whitelaw had 
an audience of The Queen 
before the Council. 

The Right Hon Margaret 
Thatcher, MP (Prime Minister 
and First Lord of the Treasury) 
bad an audience of Her Majesty 
this evening. 

The Queen was represented 
by Lord Porcbester (Racing 
Manager) at the Memorial Ser- 
vice for Sir Gordon Richards 
which was held in St Margaret’s, 
Westminster, today. 

Mrs John Dugdale has suc- 
ceeded Lady Susan Hussey as 
Lady in Waiting to Her Majesty. 

December 16: Princess Alice, 
Duchess of Gloucester. Deputy 
Colonel-in-Chief. The Royal 
Anglian Regiment, this after- 
noon received Lieutenant-Gen- 
eral Sir John Akehurst on 
relinquishing the appointment 
as Deputy Colonel of The 
Regiment and Brigadier Patrick 
Stone on assuming the 


The Duke of Gloucester. 
Commodore, Royal Ulster 
Yacht Club, was entertained to 
Luncheon today by the Vice- 
Commodore (Mr D.B. Johnson) 
and Officers of the Club at 
Royal Thames Yacht Club, 
Knighisbridgc, London SW1. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 


’-A- v 

Men of the Tnrfc Mr Willie 

December 16: Princess Alexan- 
dra and the Hon Angus Ogtivy 
were present this evening at a 
Concert held in Westminster 
Abbey to mark the 20th 
Anniversary of the Richard 
Dimbleby Cancer Fund. 

Lady Mary Mumford was in 

Sir Gordon Richards 

The Queen was represented by 

Lord Porch ester at a service of 
thanksgiving for the life and 
work of Sir Gordon Richards 
held at St Margaret's, West- 
minster, yesterday. 

Canon Trevor Beeson offici- 
ated, assisted by the Rev Martin 
J. fl illham- Lord Weinstock and 
Mr Peter O’Sullevan read the 
lessons and Mr Scobie Breasley 
gave an address. Among those 

GoMsmkL Sir Rex and Ladb oonen. 
Sir Mtcbael SobeJL Lady injuries®. 
Lady Burney. Mr Anaxmy and LaOy 

Canon. Mr and Mrs Oous South. Mr 
Joe Mercer. Mr Janes weaOwrtw 
tweaiherbysL Mr Jeremy Tree. Mr 
tester Ptggou. Mr and Mrs M Stoute. 
Mr William Etsey. Mr James wawm. 

December 16: The Prince of 
Wales this morning visited 
Quaniel Ltd, 31 Turnpike Road, 
Newbury, Berkshire. 

Afterwards, His Royal High- 
ness visited Research Machines, 

The Marchioness of Douro gave 
birth to a daughter in London 

Field Marshal Lord Harding of 
Pfctfterton sends his best wishes 
for Christmas and (he New Year 
to all his old comrades, col- 
leagues and friends. Because of 
his age he will not be sending 
Christmas cards this year. 

Hem. Mrs Hairy C«± Mrs J Sutton. 
Mr Michael Oswald. Met Peter 
Hastings. Mrs Ian Balding. Mr E C 
Goddard. Mr and Mrs J Partisan, Mrs 
W RJCfcaBy. MreScoWe Breasley. Mbs 
Loretta Breasley. _ M rs Martin 
GUlltams. Mrs Peter O’Sullevan. Mrs 

R Mr l R° 1 tf e Hottlntwv-ortti. Mr Tom 
Egerion. Mr aaude Duval. Mr Wilma 
Snerman. Maior David Swann* Mr 
A L Scon. Mr and Mrs J W Ward HllL 

A L Scon. Mr and Mrs J W Ward ran. 
Mr NKJcy Vigors. Mr Howland HUL 


ur Budget!. JMr 
Mian scan. Can- 
d-Bucnanar. Mr 
i Jarvis. Mr John 

^ R-NJW. Anmtage 
A service of thanksgiving for ibe 
^tascjdLMoc^^Mrj^ life of Mr Richard Armhagp was 
Mr John Dunlop, colonel and Mra held at St GlfcS-m-tiie-Fieid 
STS yesterday. The Rev Gordon 
IK* & T ^ rre S^ ,m ^ Taylor officiated and Mr Dmod 
Graham nock. Mrs B Turngn. Mr Frost read the JeSSOD. 

Robert TumrlL Mr R F Johnson ,, _ , ... 

Mr John Dunlop, colonel and Mrs 
Dm Nlc kails. Mr and Mrs Derek 

Houqhion. Mr Fred winter. Mr Jack 
Doyle. Mr Frank Mahon. Mr John 
Slesinger. Mr J H Thursoy. Mrs Rer 
aouctwr. Mr Peter Wm Major 
Refer Netsoo. Mr Lmds Freedman. Mr 


Mr Robert Lindsay read 
Bright Morning. Mr Richard 
Stitaoe read A Valediction : 
Forbidding Mourning by John 
Donne and Mr Stephen Fry read 

Valiant for Truth 
Media Award 

General Eva Burrows. Salvation 
.Army, presented the 1986 Val- 
iant for Truth Media Award at 
the Arts Club yesterday to Mr 
Mohamed Aram, Head of Af- 
rican Visnews, “for so fearlessly 
forcing the world to face the 
truth about African famine that 
governments had to take action 
and the public made an unprece- 
dented response and for cur- 
rently continuing courageous 
camera coverage of the home- 
less and hungry all over the 

Lindsay-Smith and Mr Peter 
Searle also spoke. 

Mr Charles Douglas-Home, 
the former Editor of The Times, 
who died last year, was 
shortlisted for the award. 
Among those present were: 

Mbs Kate A die. Mrs MotiamMI Amin. 
Mr Salim Amin. Miss Jane Bown. 
Miss Sandra Brown. Mr ErriM 


Sale room 

Burrmqton. Hip countess Of Dalkeith. 
Mbs MUdd Doyle. Mr Anmad FawzL 
Sir Edward Ford. Mbs Helen Franks. 
Mr Paul GambacctnL mbs Patricia 
Gregory. Mbs Frances Gumiey. Mr 
Brian Hayes. Mr Gordon HeaW.Mbs 

HM Government 
Baroness Young, Minister of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, was host at a 
luncheon m honour of the 
Uruguayan Ambassador held at 
Lancaster House yesterday. 

Gift horse becomes winner 

Brian Hayes. Mr Gordon 

Pamela Holmes. Mr Trevor Hyen. 
Miss Janet Johnstone. Mr Julian Kerr. 

Mbs Doroiny Kuya. 

Mr Ken Laird. Mbs Maureen Laker. 
Mbs Frederica Lord, the Manmess of 
Lothian. Mr and Mrs lan McIntyre. 
Mrs Ross McWtiirter. Miss Fiona 

Mr F.S. Law 

Mr Frank S. Law gave a 
luncheon at Boodle's yesterday. 
The guests were: 

Mad docks. Mbs Leonle Mrt linger. Mr 
William MUUnship. Mbs Caroline 

The Marchioness of Lothian 
presided on behalf of the Order 
of Christian Unity. Mr lain 

Moonhead. Mr Desmond O'Neill. Mr 
smart Paterson. Baroness Pike. Mbs 
Diana Potter. Mbs Marie Patterson. 
Mbs Susan Raven. Mbs Wendy 
Riches. Mbs Shelia Scott. Mbs Jdl 
Tweedle. Mr Ben Whitaker. Mr Philip 
Wrack and Mr David Winter. 

Latest wills 

Birthdays today 

Mr Robert Montape Hall, of 
Market Harborougn, Leicester- 
shire, company director, left 
estate valued at £1,095,634 net 
Mr Ernest William Cooper, of 
Middleton St George, Co Dur- 
ham, left estate valued at 
£1,126,069 net. 

Dame Mary Cartwright, 86; Mr 
Christopher Cazenove, 41: Lord 
Glenaroara. CH, 74; Lord 
McFadzean, 83; Major-General 
Sir Robert Neville, 90; Mr Kerry 
Packer. 49; Mr Robert Robin- 
son. 59; Mr Tommy Steele, 50; 
Professor W. A. G Stewart, 71. 

British- American Chamber of 

The British-American Chamber | 
< of Commerce held their annual . 
I Christmas luncheon yesterday 
at the Dorcester hotel The 
president, Mr Colin J. Draper 
presided. Others present were | 
Lord Ezra, Sir David Plastow j 
and Sir Robert Haslam. 

A wedding present proved to 
have been rather more valuable 
than the donors might have 
expected in n sale of British 
pain tings at Phillips yesterday. 

It was a portrait of a bay 
hunter together with a png dog 
and a black and (an terrier 
painted by Benjamin Marshall 
in 1799. The horse had a side- 
saddle and there were indica- 
tions of a country house in the 
background. The painting had 
been given to the vendor’s 
parents in 1926, and yesterday it 
went to the sporting dealer 
Ackermanu at fiOlSOO (es- 
timate £50,000-180,066). 

A charming portrait of the 
eighteenth century, vhtnoso and 
nmaow artist, Mathew Robin- 
son, and his wife by Gawen 
Hamilton, who was considered 
Hogarth's rival and Indeed sn- 
perior hi painting conversation 
pieces, was bought by Leger for 

By Huon MaBaiien 

£27,500 (estimate £7,000- 

£ 10 , 000 ). 

Another work to exceed its 
estimate by a wide margin was a 
wooded river landscape by the 
Norwich School painter. James 
Sark, which readied £23,100 
(estimate £3,000~£5,000). The 
sale made a total of £ 519,959 
with 15 per cent bought in. 

At Christie's a sale of Euro- 
pean sculpture and works of art 
produced a total of S706J244 
with 18 per cent bought in. A 
little round walrus ivory games 
piece, much like a draughtsman, 
carved with Samson in the 
Philistine prison sold for 
£88.000 (estimate £20,000- 
£30,600). It dated from the 
twelfth century and was carved 
in Cologne. 

Despite the embarrassment _of 
the drawings in the dustbin , 

reported at the weekend, the sale 



Viscount Allendale 
and Mrs A-M. Barclay 
The engagement is announced, 
between Wentworth Beaumont, 
of ByweJJ Hall Siocksfiekl 
Northumberland, and Angela 

Mary Barclay, of 134 Somerset 
Road, Wimbledon, SW19. 

Mr RJP. Hanbnry 
and Miss HE. Brown 
The engagement is announced 
between Rupert Peter, son of Mr 
and Mrs Peter Hanbnry, of 
Alderney, and Rosemary Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Sir Stephen 
and Lady Brown, of Harboroe, 

Mr RJP. Hubbard 
and Miss OJ3-W. Grubb 
The en g a gemen t is announced 
between Richard, youngest son 
of Mr and Mrs T JF. Hubbard, of 
15 Rue Oer, Paris, and Olivia, 
youngest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs R.E.W. Grubb, of Mayes 
House, near East Grinstead, i 

His to l<(‘(‘j) him in touch. 

Mr M-CJ. Baddeley 
and Miss US. AlfiUe 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs J.R, Baddeley, of Great 
Waltham, Essex, and Brigette, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs D.G. 
Alfiffe. of Wadhurst, East 

Mr K. Jakobseu 
and Dr A. Mitchell 
The engagement is announced 
between Kasper, younger son of 
the late Mr Tags Jakobseu and 
Mrs Grete Jakobsen, of 
Hofback, Denmark, and Angela. , 
elder daughter of Rear Admiral 
and Mrs G.G Mitchell, of i 
Willowpool. Curd ridge, I 
Southampton. ! 

>\ ■''iilfil.iiJlii! 

fr\ 1 

Mr GJL Bird IV 
and Miss D. Jarvis 
The engagement is announced 
between George, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs George K. Bird UL 

of Boston, Massachusetts, and 

Mr MjCJQl Ptocington 
and Miss CM. Baring 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs Ronald Pilltington, 
of Stanstead Abbotts. Hertford- 
shire. and Clarissa, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Robin , 
Baring, of West Mailing, Rent 

Deborah, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Thomas E- Jarvis, of To- 

ronto, Canada. 

Mr J.AJLK. Graham 
and Frialein BJEL Schmitz 
The engagement is announced 
between John, yornwer son of 
Mr and Mrs Peter Graham, of 
Beckley, East Sussex, and Beate, 
younger daughter of Herr and 
Fran Paul Theodor Schmitz, of 
Ulm, Bavaria. 

Mr T-A. Setters 
and Miss SJ. HoogUon 
The engagement is announced 
between Trevor Anthony, only 
son of Mr and Mrs SJ\ Sutters, 
of Richmond, Surrey, and 
Stephanie Jayne, elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs E. Houghton, of 
Churt, Surrey. 


•5)11 time and in the monev every where. 

Mr C. Haskins 
and Miss L. Gibbs 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, son of the late 
Mr David Haskins, of Oaxlands, 
Wicklow, and of Mrs Gillian 
Isberwood, 51 Willowfield, Park 
Avenue, Dublin 4, and Lucinda, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs David 
Gibbs, Sl Columba's College, 
Dublin 16. 

Major WJ. O'Coanoc 
ail Miss IJYL Macdonald 
The marriage took place on 
Wednesday. December 10 in 
Perth, between Major WJ. 
O'Connor, of Springwells, 
Dunkeld, and Miss I.M. Mac- 
donald, ofRedcUff, Portree, Isle 
of Skye. 

If you think you k now wh3t a calculator 
does, think again. These new Casio 
numbers wdlchangeyourideas completely. 
They all combine a powerful, full-function 

8-digit calculator with other more 

surprising features. 

The smart little CV-700, for instance, 
no bigger than a credit cud, converts 
international currencies at the touch of a 
single key. Program in ten currencies of 
your choice, and convert any sum in any 

Great for international businessmen, 
and a big help on holidays. The price in 
pounds seeding? Just i'l L95. 

Gisio's new dato-calcs are even more 
memorable. As well as being calculators, 
they'll store up to 2U items of information 
like names and telephone numbers, dates 
■and credit card numbers, all sorted 
alphabetically and protected, if required, 
by a secret password. 

The DC-100 ‘little black book* shown 
here is only F 1 1.95, and therc-s a whole 

range of other attractive versions to 
choose from. 

And now, there’s no excuse for him to 
miss business meetings with the Casio 
PW-70 r calculator, quartz dock, multi- 
function stopwatch and alarm with hourly 
time signaL All in a slim wallet at the 
slender price of £ 13.95. 

Three brilliant new numbers from 
Casio that should figure high on your 
Christmas list 

Mr G. HiD-Coesiais 
and Miss MP. Camacho 
The engagement is announced 
between Graham, son of Mr and 
Mrs B. Hill -Cousins, of West 
Howe, Bournemouth, and Ma- 
ria Paula, daughter of Mrs M.G. 
Camacho, of Springboume, 

Mr D-J. $aoddou 
and Miss J J. Worsley 
The marriage took place quietly 
in London yesterday, between 
Mr David Snoddon, second son 
of the late Mr J. Snoddon and of 
.Mrs J. Snoddon,- of North Bay, 
Ontario, Canada, and Miss Jo- 
anna Worsley, second daughter 
of Mr and Mrs F-£ Worsley, of 
Shelvingstone, So ruling- on - 
Thames. Berkshire. 



Colourful lord of the dance 

i i •* i 

Nerae me*- „ - i,,n.iine rule in 

ballet dancer, died on Decern- c - rc , 3t ^ rcs 0 \ Prometheus ai Lhc 
ber 16, aged 81. . . Paris Opera- Balanchine, after 

Lifer inrust himself i mo ^ ng 7 he cboreogmphy- fcU 
leading posinon m the ballet siaru b 

of his time by a mixture^ |SmenL Li far completed it 
beauty, ambition, such success that he 

hard work and entire!) un accepted, the 

scrupulous opportunism. If J* master that 

Carson (left), Mr Geoff Lewis and Mr Scobie Breasley outside St Margaret's yesterday 
(Photograph: James Gray)- , 

and vtcv-Ow^tnan from Sicholas Sicklety by 

Charles Dickens. Mr Bfll Cotton 
gave an address. Among those 

present were: 

scrupulous u HH v. . ------ 

lalent came afterwards, he had 
enough of that 10 hold 
limelight, first m* the tea- 
ehiiev Russian Ballet and 
afterwards as the 1I ^ nn S 
leader of the Ballet de l Opera 
in Paris for more than three 

As dancer, choreographer 
and director be attracted con- 
troversy. and when none came 
naturally he was not averse 
from inciting, it- Yet his 

achievements, if less vast than 
be wished the public to be- 
lieve. were still very 

Lifer was bora in Kiev on 
April 2, 1905. into a prosper- 
ous femflv. His spoiled, un- 
ruly childhood was inter- 
rupted by war and revolution. 

At 16, he chanced upon the 
dance studio where Bronis- 
lava Nijinska was teaching. 
She would not take him as a 

ane wouiu uui uuve « •* — o- — , ... 

private pupil but he enrolled company and established its 
for ibe free open classes she standing with the Parisian 

of architectural drawings and 
English water colours at 
Christie's wear «e0. 

The group associated with the 
eighteen th century Birmingham 
industrialist Matthew Button 
and the inventor, Janies Watt, 
produced £88^08, more than 
half of which was paid by the 
Birmingham public library. 

The drawings had belonged to 
the late Major Eostace Robb, of 
Great Tew, Oxfordshire, a 
descendant of Bokotx, and sev- 
eral of them were designs for 
Bolton's Soho House near Bir- 
mw gt wnt. 

The predominantly Victorian 
English water-cotoms on offer 
sold remarkably well, with 
£28.600 paid for Borneo and 
Joliet by Fold Madox Brown 
(estimate £S,OOO-£10,O0O). This 
sale produced £285^534 with 2d 
per cent bought in- 

fer ibe free open classes she 
was giving at a state school 

Soon afterwards, she was 
summoned to nqoin the Dia- 
ghilev Ballet in western 
Europe. When they were short 
of male dancers in 1922, she 
raWed for some of ber best 
pupils to come from Kiev, and 
Lifer (who was not on her list) 
added himself to the party- 

Lifer's lack of skill and 
experience was obvious, but 
Diaghilev was captivated by 
his exotic good looks, his 
eagerness and dedication. De- 
lecting a flair that was not 
apparent to others, Diaghilev 
arranged intensive studies for 
the young man with leading 
teachers, notably Cecchem, 
and .soon Lifer began taking 
solo roles. 

The first was as Boree in the 
creation of Massine's Zephire 
et Flore (1925), with Dolin 
and Nikitina in the title parts. 
Massine's Les Matetots and 
Balanchine’s Barabau fol- 
lowed before the year was ouL 

Then in 1926 Nijinska’s 
Romeo ami Juliet en ballet, 
partnering Karsavina, and 
Balanchine's Let Pastorale and 
The Triumph of Neptune. The 
distinctive Liferesque glam- 
our and heroic manner began 
to emerge with La Chatte 
(Balanchine, 1927). 

Lifer next created leading 
parts in two unusual produc- 
tions by Massine, Le Pas 
d’Acieriad Ode, before Balan- 
chine made for him two of the 
greatest male roles in the 

_ jim. «■ . m n _ KAUAI 

standing' with the Parisian 

After the Liberation, he had 
to leave because of tactless 
behaviour during the German 
Occupation which led to 
charges of collaboration. 
These were never pressed nor 
proved (he was probably reck- 
less rather than culpable) but 
caused ill-will for a long time. 
Nevertheless, after two or 
three years with the Nouvea ux 
Ballets de Monte-Carlo, Lifer 
was called back by Georges 
Hirscb and resumed his duties 
until 1958. 

Very few of his ballets have 
remained in the repertory at 
the Opera since his retire- 
ment, and even fewer have 
had much circulation else- 
where. Only two were ever 
taken up by British com- 
panies. A duet version of 
Romeo and Juliet, to Tchai- 
kovsky's overture, was given 
by Metropolitan Ballet m the 
1940s, and the classical show- 
piece Noir et Blanc has been 
revived several times by the 
Festival Ballet 

Nevertheless, Lifer never 
entirely left the public eye. He 
founded a Univershe de la 
Danse, awarded each year a 
Prix Nijinsky to honour a 
male dancer (it carried no 
material reward to supple- 
ment its prestige), coached 
dancers in their roles and 
continued the prolific career 
as an author which be had 
begun during his dancing 
days, writing books of history. 

yrfllW II/IW Ul MM* rriuuj^ tfvuum j | 

bisiorv ofbaBet, Apollo ( 1928) biography and theory, 
and The Prodigal Son (1929). Sometimes he caught the 
If Lifer had never done any- headlines in more spectacular 

thing else, those two works 
would have kept his memory 
alive: two contrasted but 
equally magnificent ways of 
using his handsome physique, 
striking features (die more so 
since having his nose deliber- 
ately squashed to accentuate 
his oriental strain), compel- 
ling personality and vividly 
expressive manner. 

Diaghilev let lifer try his 
hand at choreography with 
Renard , given on the same 
night as Prodigal Son. After 
Diaghilev’s death that sum- 

ways: over a duel with die late 
Marquis de Cuevas, for in- 
stance, or by arranging for 
Nijinksy’s body to be taken to 
Paris from its original burial 
ground in England, so that it 
could lie beside that of the 
great Vestris in Pere Lachaise 
(where he had thoughtfully 
arranged a plot for himself 

He recently presented a 
quantity ofhis memorabilia to 
die city of Lausanne, where 
they are now being exhibited. 

He was unmarried. 


Mr David Guthrie-James, 
MBE, DSC, who died on 
December 15 at the age of 66, 
was Conservative MP, succes- 
sively, for Brighton Kemp 
Town and Dorset North. This 
was after an adventurous war 
in the RNVR in which he was 
sunk in the North Sea and 
subsequently escaped from a 
German prison camp. He also 
wrote a number of books. 

He was born David James 
on Christinas Day, 1919, and 
educated at Eton. In 1937 he 
went to sea before the mast in 
the Finnish four-masted 
barque. Viking, and took part 
in one of the last grain races 
from Australia in 1938. 

„ Krtm mcr Li far was engaged for the 

Sen* iarJWSS leading n>lc Jo M**-* 

dost of ballet master that 
Balanchme had hoped for. 

Thereafter’ with only occa- 
sional and not particularly 
successful excursions to dance 
and stage ballets elsewhenj 
Lifer's career was lwjwd 
mainly to Paris as director. 


star dancer. He staged some 
60 original ballets for the 
Opera, besides reviving a few 
by I Fokine and some Petipa 
and Ivanov extracts. 

It was characteristic off Lifer 
that his own version of 
L'Apres-midi d'un faune bad 
no room for any nymphs, only 
him self. But his egoism did 
not turn the Ballet de 1'Opera 
into a one-man show. On the 
contrary: he restored technical 
standards, brought on other 
dancers (including some nota- 
ble ballerinas), insisted on 
regular performances fra the 



Pembroke College, Oxford 

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Business Systems, Wagsotf O.E, Typewriter Centres and other leading Hi-Fi, PboiDgopbic jind Department Stores. Some models nay not be stocked by all outlets. 

Corporation of London 

The Corporation of London 
gave a dinner at the Mansion 
House last night In honour of 
Herr Eberhani Diepgen, the 
Governing Mayor of Berlin, and 
Frau Diepgen. The Lord Mayor 
and Lady Mayoress, and the 
Sheriffs accompanied by their 
ladies, received the guests. 
Among those present were: 

Thf! ■ Afflbasrator of 0» F«tteral 
RtpuMr of Germany and Barone* 
von weehmar. Baroness Young (Min- 
ister of stain for Foreign and 
Common wpauti Attain) arnTpr Ceor- 
fwv V 
of ‘ 

On Thursday, December 1 1, a 
dinner was' given at the British 
Embassy ■ in Washington, by 
permission of the British 
Ambassador, Sir Antony 
Adand, by the Pembroke Coll- 
ege Foundation in honour of 
Senator J. William Fulbright, 
Alumnus of Pembroke College. 
Oxford. Hie chairman of the 
foundation. Senator Richard G. 
Lugar, Sir Antony Adand, Sen- 
ator Fulbright and Sir Roger 
Bannister, Master of Pembroke 
College, Oxford, 'were the 

Back in, England he went to 
BaUiol but at the outbreak of 
war joined the RNVR. After 
the fell of France he served in 
motor gun boats operating out 
of Felixstowe. In these speedy 
vessels, he enjoyed what be 
was later to describe as two 
“grand" years, harrying Ger- 
man coastal defences and 

This exhilarating course 
was brought to -an end on a 
winter’s night in 1943 when 
his MGB was sunk, and be 
was rescued from the freezing 
water by the Germans, Put in 
a PoW camp he immediately 
set about escaping. 

His first sortie beyond the 
wire was as one Lieutenant 
Bagerof, of the Bulgarian 
Navy. This improbable dis- 
guise served him well enough 
-for a time, and had the merits 
of explaining away the inade- 
quacies of fails German. But a 
sharp-eyed Gestapo officer 
noticed discrepancies in his 
forged papers and he was 

His second attempt was asa 
Swedish sailor, and in this 
guise he reached a Baltic port, 
where he stowed away aboard 

a ship and made the passage to 
Sweden lying prone under one 
ofher boilers. These escapades 
are humorously recounted in 
A Prisoner's Progress (1946). 

Returning to England he 
was made a lecturer in the 
naval intelligence department, 
where he briefed invasion 
forces on German intelligence 
techniques and escape 

After the end of the war he 
went with an Antarctic expe- 
dition to Graham Land in 
December 1945, before being 
demobilised from the RNVR 
the following year. 

Adventure and the Antarc- 
tic still called him, and in 1 946 
be returned as Polar adviser to 
the film. Scon of the Antarctic. 

He described these experi- 
ences in That Frozen Land 
(1952), a book of understated, „ , 
common-sense judgements +5' 
which nevertheless sharply 
convey the affinity he felt for 
those trackless wastes. 

In 1951 he joined the pub- 
lishers Burns & Oates and 
continued his own career as an 
author. His biography. Lord 
Roberts, whi ch appeared in 
1954, was widely praised for 
the use it made of recently 
available personal papers. 

Among other books he 
edited were The Weary Navy 
(1948), about the wartime 
RNVR, and Outward Bound 
(1957), something in the na- 
ture of an interim report on 
the movement to that d»te ji 

Besides his membership of the ; 
council of the Outward Bound 
Trust he was, from 1953 to 
1965, a trustee of the National 
Mantime Museum. 

From 1959, he was Conser- 
vative MP for the Kemp 
Town Division of Brighton, a 
seat he lost to Labour by the . 
narrowest of margins - seven 
votes - at the general-election 
of 1964. 

In 1970 he stood a win in 
Dorset North and held the 
seat for nine years, giving it up 
to concentrate on developing • 
the maternal family home, 
Torosay Castle on the Isle of . 
Mull, and taking the name 
David Guthrie-James. 

As a Parliamentarian, as in 
his ^constituencies, he was 
forthright and highly individ* 
uak fa the leadership contest 
ofl975, he told a constituency 
meeting, which had voted by 
74 per cent for Mr Heath, that < 
he intended to ignore their ' 
wishes and vote for Mrs * 


■v * i 

T :n 

- - * 

He married, in 1950, the 
Hon Jaquetta Digby. They 
naa tour sons and two daugh- 

■ '4j 


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. :aMES 


STu^ “SaST,* j- 

BUXTON - On December 12 U> iqm m 
Y wll HosMbil. u *££*%£ 

_ J g^-_ a sOT CW»rt« Room Janes. 
CAWBEU^ On December i4ih. m 
Binnlneteun Maternity Hospital to 
Lucy iree Edwards) and John. qods 
<*11 of a son Alas air James. 
COPtatl ■ On December llth. at 
Mount Alvernla. Guildford. to Cara- 
Ihw (nee Cornier) aim Chrhloohw. a 
son Guy David Charles. 

COVER - On December i2Ui. at me 
Royal Susses County Hospital to 
Jessica uw Fennl aim Quia, a 
daughter Kale. 

FARQUHAR- On December l im 1986 

ai Queen Charlotte's Hoscuai u> 
Heather and wm. a daughter. Fiona 
Lindsa y Margot, a sister for Klrstie 
PERMS - On December 1 1th. at Maid- 
stone. to Kathryn and Brian, a 
da ughter. Ju&s. a sfeter for Susanna. 
FOGEL - On December lath, to Tania 
in£e Romberg) and Shlomo. a dough- 
ter, Ga Prlella Leah EUor. 
fiSHHWPW • On December 11 Ui. in 
Hong Kong, lo Carmel and John a 
daughter CJiartotte Elizabeth. 
HAfHHMGTON - On Sentember 20th i 
1986. at Exeter. lOCatriona and Jon- I 
athan. a daughter Clarissa Asms. 
(OCXS - On December I3tti. to Edwma 
mee Portmam and Tim. a daughter 

MCCOWAH - on December lSth 1986 
at Si Lukes Hospital. Guildford to Su- 
san mee Fosberryi and Michael, a 
son. wuitam Michael 
McPHAIL - On Friday December 12 th 
1986. ai Queen CharfOtte'S Materni- 
ty Hospital, to Hilary in t* Flint) and 
Dougl as- a da ughter Amy Louise. 
MtSSELBROOK - On December lSth 
to Fiona tnee McEnroy) ann ppier. a 
daughter Kane Louise. 

OOGERS - On December 15th. at Roy- 
al United Hospital. Bath, to Rosalie 
mee Cornier) and David, a daughter 
Allx Lily. 

RUFF - On December llth. ro Anne 
and Chris, a son Simon James, broth- 
er for Oth er and Nicholas. 

SAUMT - On December 12th. to Thom- 
. as and Maria (Valentine) a son 
I Anthony William Valentine, a broth- 
er for Katherine and Edward. 

VON KtEUSSEM - on December tsth. 

ai Ibe Portland Hospital, to Victoria 
and Nicholas, a daughter. 

WALTERS - On December lSUi 1986. 
a! Queen Charlotte's Hospital, to 
Nicola mee Ivmsoni and John, a 
daughter (Philippa Holly), a User for 

WEAVER - On December 15th. in 
Tours, to Etspetb mee Bolus) and Si- 
mon. a son Oliver Rupert. 

WILLIAMS * On December 15Ui. to Al- 
ice urfe SL John) and Hugh, a son 
Patrick Alfred Geoffrey, a brother 
for Emily. Florence and Martha. Del 

*555**® On December 13m. peare- 
^ Btackheath Hosbiul 
L ondtm SEJ forbfted by the Last 
Rtfr? of the Holy Church. John Jo- 
seph (Jock) Malar B EM. HAM 
RoyW Signed (retired]. Formerly of 
Forte5 - Oman. 
*«rtv of Cyprus. 

fSSfWTf 01 Mar ° arw - iovtn 9 1 

falner of Barbara, dear Grandad of 
James. Natasha fatber-in-law 

Rowilem Mass at 
sLJrlD' 1 BC Church. Cress wen 
® 00 Thwsday 
hTr P w * n * w ‘ M 12 n«». followed 
bylntetmeni a, Green Ceme- 

WJ0 *«• w«coim»btif ti 
preferred donations phw js he 
have wished to the Royal Sft- 
nate Associat ion Bcnevedem Fund. 
^^SKBoaHAssoclatlon. 56 Regen- 
O'steeL London 8WIP 4 AS. All 
farther details from Frauds Chappell 

S? Hlab ***• 

01 862 2936. Jack will be sadly 
missed by Us devoted finally and toe 
many “ho knew him He would not 

ISfUJSi 0 mourn hls oasatI >9 » w 

us instead remember this remarkable 
man with love and affection and 
raise a glass in his memory, hip. 

H * B *5 OM ‘ On December lEOi. 
peacdully at Taunton. Timothy Da- 
\ta Homson of Wlndmfa Cottage. 
North Curry. Taunton aged 51 
y^ears. FimeraJ ai Norm Curry Parish 
Church. Thursday 18th December ai 
3pm. Donaxkuts u desired for North 
Curry Church Organ Fund, c/o 
Lcwurd E. Smith. Funeral Directors, 
t Hay lion Road. Taunton. 

HART on December I4lh. Mfchad 
Han. F.CA . of The Waiergardena. 
London, in St Mary's Hospital. Pad- 
dington. afler a short illness. 
Cremation Coktere Green West Cha- 
pel. Thursday December i6th 
5 00 pm. 

HERBERT - On December 13th. sud- 
denly ai Kingston HospttaL Charles 
Cyni Btnglcy. Husband of the tale 
Mamie. Cremation at Mordake on 
Friday I9lh December at 9am. 

ROOD - On December 14W. peacefully 
at home in Brtsiol. Sir Tom Hood 
K.B.E-. C.B. aged 82. a much loved 
husband, father and grandfather. 
Thanksgiving service at St Stephens 
in the City. Bristol, on Friday X9Ui 
December at 2 00pm. followed by a 
. private cremation. Please no letters 
and family flowers only. 

WJTO • On 141b December 1986. , 
Derrick Guy Edmund M.A_ JJ>.. 
ased 58. Headmaster Eur opean 
School Cullham peacefully In SobeR 
House. Churchill Hospual. Oxford. 

Memorial Service 14 A5 Friday 23rd 

January 1987 at St Helen's Church 
Abingdon. Donations to Leukaemia 
Research Fund. 43 Great Ormond 
Street London wet N3BR. 

WfUUKSON/BRtQCS - On December 
6th. in Sussex. Simon to Sarah 

RALDOCK - On December 14th. Mot- 
ile. dearly loved wife of Newman. I 
mother of Sue and Uz and Grannie I 
of Charlotte. Oliver. David. Christian I 
and Thomas. Funeral service ai SL 
Mary's Parish Chruch. Gortng-by- 
Sca. Worming at 3.00pm Friday 
i9fh of December, followed by a inf- 
late Cremation. Enquiries to HD. 
Tribe Ltd.. Worthing 34516 
CftOWTHER - On Monday December 
i5Ui. peacefully at home. Sheila 
Mary, beloved wife of Duke and 
mother of Sally and Michael. Service 
on Monday 22nd December at 
Morttake Crematorium. 12.00 noon. 
Flowers lo James Fletcher. 129 
Shepherds Bush Road. London W6. 
DAVIS - On December 121b. peaceful- 
ly. Catherine Wendy of Beckenham. 
Beloved wife of Roy. devoted mother 
of Susan. Alison ami Stephen, much 
loved granny of Amanda. Funeral 
service on Thursday 18th December 
ai St. George's Church. Beckenham 
ai 1 pm. followed tv interment at 
Elmers End Cemetery. Floral tributes 
lo Francis Chapoetl. Funeral Direc- 
tors. High Street. Beckenham. 
FLETCHER - On December 13th. after 
a short Illness. Nicky, beloved wffO of 
Sandy, much loved mother of Rich- 
ard. Caroline and Lucinda and 
adored grandmother of Julian. Cas- 
sandra. Claudia. Eleanor. 
Humphrey. Alice and Ludoric. Fu- 
neral on Friday 19th December at 12 
noon at All Saints. WJghUl. Family 
Dowers only. Donations, if desired, 
lo the fabric fund Of AD Saints 
Church. WlghllL c/o Mr Ivor Wor- 
thy. Church Cottage, wighin. 
Tad easier. North Yorks. 

Gt/TiffifE- JAMES - On December 
15th. at home with deep Mth and 
hope. David, much loved 9on. bus- 
band. father and grandfather. 
Funeral private. Memorial service to 
be announced taler. Donations u 
wished lo Cancer Res ea rch Fund. 

J0NE5 - On December 15th. suddenly 
at home. Harry Jones. FJLS.. much 
loved husband of Molly and devoted 
father of Angela. Diana. Chrisupber 
and Ms grandchildren. Fimeral de- 
tails. T H Sanders and Son Lid. Tel: 
01 876 4673. 

MacGCMWH B0M» - On December 
15Ui 1986. peacefully after a short 
illness, waller Albert Neville (Tom- 
my) of The Argory. Dungannon. 
Northern h-eland. Sendee at The 
Argory. 2.00pm Friday December 
19th. Family flowers only. Dona- 
tions. in lieu, may be sent to Dr. 
Bamaido's Appeals Office. 414 An- 
trim Road. Belfast IS. 

MCKOLS- On December llth. after a 
short mness. Philip Jolty aged 77 
years, husband of Ruth. Family are- 
maUon followed by service at St 
Leonard's Church. HatOetd. Here- 
fordshire 11.45am Saturday 
December 20th.. No flowers, dona- 
tion, appreciated to M.LNJX. 22 
Hariey St. London WIN 2ED 

f- tmjLUVAN - On December llth. 
L suddenly at home. Mary, very dear 
U wife of John and mother of Sheila. 
*- Anthony and MichaeL Funeral ser- 
; vice at Si Benedicts. Eating, on 
< December 19th at l Oam. Fofemd 
l by private biuiaL No Rowers please: 
If wished d onati on s to Muscular Dya- 
trophy. Macaulay Road, SW4. 


t PAYNTXR - On December 14th. in bog- 
* Dual. Kathleen Mary, aged 93 years, 

{ of 18 Kent Read North. Hamam. 

1 Youngest and Iasi surviving daugh- 
' ler of the late Charles and ErnUy 
I Paynter. Service at St. WOfrWs 
- Church. Harrogate on Friday 19th 
> December 1986 a 2nm. Followed by 
private cremation. Flowers may be 
sen! to A. Vain and Sops. 

[ BAY - On December 12 th. at Ctty and 
General Hospital. Newcasoe-under- 
1 Lyme. John Huoen. husband of 
Brenda, steofbttwr of Reggy and Car- 
ol and tattler of NtgsL 

SANSON - On December 13th. peace- 
fully at bom*. Caroline Jane, aged 3 
years, daughter of Clare and Donald 
and sister at Robert. Funeral service 
aa Holy Trinity Church. Southend 
Crescent EUham. London SES. on 
Friday December 19th at 1046am. 
Family aowereotfy please, but If de- 
sired donations may be sent to 
Birthright 37 Sussex Place. London 
NWi 4SP. or to the Paediatric Fund, 
care of Prof J W Scapes. SI Thomas' 
Hospital London SE1 7EH. 

SHERREN ■ On December 14th 1986, 
al Hove Sussex. Veere George OAE. 
beloved husband of Frieda (Freddie) 
and father of Qnham and Patricia. 
Otmatton at Downs Crematorium. 
Bear Road. Brighton, on Thursday 
I8tb December at 2pm. No Dowers 
Dlease. Donattoas to Cancer Re- 
search Gw* of Attree and Kail LhL. 
108 Church Road. Hove. 

*W*» ■ On Thursday December 
1UM9B6. suddenly. Herbert WU- 
bam (Robert) of Marbefla 
Angmerlng. Husband of the tote Ma- 
ria, beloved brother of Joan Herman. 
Service at Worthing crematorium 
Friday 19th December at 12.30pm. 

FILEY - On December 16Ut 1986. 
peacefully, al SOvenlaie Court Nun. 

mg Horne. Dorothy aped 85. beloved 
wife of the late Herbert They and 
mother of Roy. Funeral service 
3.00pm December 23rd at Becken- 
ham Crematorium. Family flowers 

WARD - On December 121h 1986. In 
Ealing. Keith Edwin, a much loved 
brother of Rita and uncle of rattan. 
Brian and Fiances. Funeral ai 
Morttake Crematortimt. Friday 19th 
December 2.00pm. Family Dowers 
only. Donations to Brtttsh Heart 

WEA1E - On December 16 th 1986. 
peacefully at home after a long Ill- 
ness. cour age ously (Ought. Btaache. 
Beloved wife of Eric, adored mother- 
of Anthony. Anne. Peter and Robert 
and someone voy special to her tai 
grandchildren- Requiem Mns at » 
Kttchaets Roman church. 

18 Peppard Road. Somdng common. I 
Reading at 2pm on Monday 22nd De- 
cember 1986. (Mowed by burial at 
the cemetery. Henley Road, 
caversham. Reading. l 

WHITBY - On December 14th. peace- 
tatty. (W 8) BID of Menoo Ltd, I 
Menorca and ftormerty Warrington. 

WILLIAMS • On D ecem b er 15th. trag- , 
teaBy as a resrtt or a car aeddent to 
Malaga. Spain. Ewa wnttams (nfe 
Budzynska) of Gflirartar and London. 
Cremation in Spam. A memo ria l ser- ■ 
vice to London to be announced. 


tin* cnsnui Aw imp oar auir 
nwn. Lad Tamaanav. provide more 
eve. mwort and compamonsmo tor 
nsnr lootiy out people. Donations 
phase to the National Braetotenf Fond 
tor t he Ag ed. New Broad SI House. JS 
New Broad smUMdM CCzm ink 

Mcmtwm Family wm Ja«h turn 
Rtobe^ Cart « smaTwSnwae 
knowing the tatnny or (heir wnere- 

- — ■ 



OLAWAlX AhtOOUN - Coraratalaboin 
m row 2ist Bothday Lave muol Dad- 
Snoto and Tavo. 



WKandcTsbcaudftd nataret cork Hies 

CxtreniMy hard wmnsd (he test imr 

r> can buy ca.9S per so W * vat 
Merakaun veh-ee pue carpet ia plain 
cotourv Bust to mdertay 17 wide 
from alack. 7yrar wear uuaramre for 
hoiTtrorolfler . £4 7Spertgyd + vaL 
rein me urarsr setecnon at pwn ear- 
peiinfl to London. 

1B2 Li Doer RktoHM itoad 
London SW14 


. free Ejana teh Ckpvt Ftotng 


When they are hi your room 
Of all the pianos in the world 
Markson always call the tune 

(Irani only CifeaU 


01 935 8682 
Artaiw Place. SE18 
01 854 4517 


1 Desperately seeks Hckerts) for 
Friends of Covent Garden 
Gala on Sunday December 

21 SL 

Phone 01 822 955S 
10.00 to 6.00pm 

DOB to CAT nCTUBES. Ceramics and re. 
laled memorabilia are Invttrd tor entry 
in Boonams Finn crons Aucdon Stoe. 
OoUictdtnp wan Q-tdTs Week, toe sale 
attracts many (memallanal buyers. 
Contact Ntets Soon on oi 684 9161. 
Bonbann. Maotpeiler a. London SW7 

AUSTRALIAN Art Wanted by Private 
buyer . Ntottapi by leading Australian 
arttato. eg Rees. Whttetey. weuana. 
Hcraun etc. Tel: 013081 6237. 


Consult Britain's 

Monitor rrom yoor nevnaornl or 

Tel: 01-261 6894 

for a free worm copy 

CtOAKCTTE Cards Boosto. Please eoolact 
W. Hoad. 9 St P eters Rd. Xlrtdry. 
LOWfStofl NR33 0LK 0502 87768. 

•B*»UUl Boudoir grand mono. 6R 
tons Rosewood- Hamaeulate Earemn 
tosmunent £8^00. Tel (0837) 040946 




More low-con flights via more 
rouses 10 more dcstassou 

than any other agency 


• Fast, open, tegb-tedt service 
• Free worldwide hold & 

• up to 60% ctiscounts 

llWimniiqtmff fiwifr ^nfy.^ 
Foreign Exchange. 

Map £ Book Shop 


42-48 Eads Conn Road 
London W8 6EI 
Long-Haul 01-603 1315 

Europe/ USA 01-937 5400 

Ist/KOtness 01-938 3444 
G ove iin we n r T iceWd/ B o add d 

«/w eta 

AUCKLAND £470 £760 

0ANCKOK £290 £386 

DELHI £390 


LOS ANGELES £200 £372 

NEW YORK £140 £286 


01-373 3391 

XMAS 20/27 DEC 

Exotic Zde. mile of sandy beaches, 
swaying palms. Superb holds. 2* 
4> 4* luxury, ciuh. tree wind surf, 
tennis, good food & free wine. 

6 wfc hots 3/1 lr £399 


01-441 0122 

eouoH- SunworM TraveL <OJ727) 
26097 /27 109/27538. 

SVD/MEL £636 Penh £665. AD mator 
canriers to Aw/NZ. 01-684 7371 

VOOCC For New Year - £70 DtgM only 
(ron>Catwtek29 Dec. reiuratooSJann-. 
■ry. Call Caaio 01 686 6533. 

CHEAT RJ6HTS wortdwtoo. Hwmarkei 
01-930 1366. 



0/W Rin 

s a 

Los Anfrics £168 £336 

Jotwg C90 £490 

Ba«kiA £220 £3W 

Rio £320 £570 

01-370 6332 


Return Return 

JCreURGiHAR £465 OOUALA £420 
NAIROBI £390 SYDfCY £760 

LM20S £360 HONG KONG £S» 




162)1 SB Regent SL W1 
tel cn-iS/tbss/twa 
UH l Group Bookngt Wfltean* 


parts £69 N YORK 

Frankfort £60 LA/SP 

Usds £320 Mann 

Nairobi £336 Singapore 

JOTHJT9 £460 Bangkok 

Cairo £206 Kaonandn 

Det/Bom £535 R an ooeo 

Hong Koog £610 CUndia 

Huge ttocouais Avan on la 6 Oub c 

21 Swallow 9. Loww wi 
OX-439 3100/437 0557 



VOttaCR £169 
MERSEL £209 


. Ornigiil. ski Insurance and dehcfcms 



Acwa/Baid aw nl/Anet 

tody - DMamUre 

DCC 3037 £209 

Dec 27-3/1 £229 

BcauUfnl vOtage: Snow Oaraun. 
Prices include good MteL h beard. 


20 DEC FROM £149! 

Caned chalets m the top resorts 
other dates £30 ofl! 

Ol 584 5060 

Phone oar NEW SNOWLINE on 
01 5840174 Ibr the blest enow reports 

JUST HUHCC . Saner valnesetr catering 
Md IwUdays in the ben FTotch resorts. 
Ring lor new brachro now. 

Tel 01-789 2893- 
ABTA 69356 Atoi 1365. 

UP UP & away 

NargM-JoHm- Cakno. DubaL 
haanouL Singapore. KL DcthL 
Baatiuik. Hong Mono. Sydney. 
Mrtdro. Boooto. Caracas. 
Europe. & The Americas. 


raasmeciate to France and Swtaeriano. 
SAVE up to £200 tor deps. On 20/37 
Dee. OI TBS 9999. 

wide, ui/ecsnoray. Ot-367 9100 

KtiTCUTTEltS ON ffigtils/hoB to Eu- 
rope. USA A most desOnaMons. 
□toJomal Travel: 01-730 3301. ABTA 

WORLD MDE auras We beat MW 
fare to any destination m the worto. 
EALING Travel 01 579 7776- ABTA 

ETS ■sneci altos N York £ 339 . LA/San 
Fran C339. Sydnay/Metbourne £769. 
AH toned daily rtrgim Dartalr 130 
Jermyn StreeLOl 839 7144 

01 44i mi. 


FRENCH - A Memorial Service win be 
beld tar Ruth French. FRAD, on 
Tuesday January €(h 1987 at 11am 
at St Pant's Church. Covent Ganten. 


oember 13 Ul to her home. Mary 
aged 40. daughter of Prince Alexis 
Aiexetevttch Obolensky, wife of 
Antony, sister of Princess Ann 
Obolensky and Prince Alerts 
Obolensky- Funeral service to be 
held at si. Mary Abbots Church. W8 
on Friday 19th December at Ham. 
followed by interment at Brookwood 
Cemetery. Flowers Mease to J.H. 
Kenyon. *9 Mottoes Road. CeL Ol 
957 0757 or donations to The 
Leukaemia R esearch Ftoid. 43 Oeat 
Ormond Street WC1. 

ALEXANDER NEMU - Karen Alexan- 
der and Kenny Netgh. Decentoer 
17th 1988-llwwyandtovtogniMBO- 
rtes. Mona. Dads. Brothers and 

HESTON -Doi^aB. 2nd Bam of Agra 
and Dunottar. This day. on Ms birth- 
day. sadly ratssed by his eamtty. 

SAYERS - Dorothy l_ December I7tt» 
1957. ‘ITS the work you're doing mat 
really counts' (Gaudy NteMJ Dorothy 
L Sayera Society afler 10 years. 


TIN TlaKS (1814-1986) TMs Xmas give 
Hp™— t an an orig ina l laue dated (he 
very dale o*w were horn. £ 11.96 dim 
free 1870** newmanarn Yesterday's 
News. 43 Dundoruid Road. Cotwyn 
Bay. T aL 0492 631196/631303. 

FINEST «anr wool CMSto At trade 
Prices and mater, ateo avnli ibie ion 
extra. Lame room stse remunts under 
MV normal price. Chancery Carpets Ol 
406 0463. 

NOT YET BAMMSe *a Woman - * war* bar 
Margaret Dady - on ate in too A-TS 

wKh Ibe 1 Coras to Wovoiad. Book 
G uMrt 26 Mti> SteeeL U-TSBN7 2LU. 

COmWD Dia mon d a brflLround l.tOct 
V81 <JX Private me. rravmab l e oirer 
secures. TH Monmooui 6419 

■ M W Femk sunk nr jacM. Extra 
tewtii 129 IndlML Si» 13-14. £130a 
Tel: Ol 680 4563 UayWoe) or OI 668 
* 319 f vwntnto- 

IHIT—1LBI Best defeete for an sold- 
out events. Oor ti teots tntiude moat 
mtoOT otanpeides. credit cams aecapud. 
01-828 >678. 

Tames. (Stairs. 

r tol Luxurtom mamten ftaL All 
tactaneL Camee. 10 mtea Tube, o/r 
Pnr A4/F. n/sl £66 pw axel. Ten oi 
994 6126 (evet/weadsl. 

CXJWMN COtatoa Fcmate 21+. n/. to 
tome nan naL Own due ita. CH A Ige 
gdn.Ttfx-3 mins. £50 pw esc. Please 
call Ol 673 4681 after 7pm. 

Air rank appointments 

.Air Vice-Marsha] L.A. Jones 
to be Air Member for Personnel 
in March 1 987. in the rank of air 
marshal, in succession to Air 
Marshal Sir Anthony Skmgsley. 
This appointment carries with it 
memttership of the Air Force 
Board of the Defence Council. 

Air Vice-Marshal R.J. 
Kern ball to be Assistant Chief of 
the Defence Staff (Intelligence) 
in March 1987, in succession to 
Rear Admiral T.M. Be van. 

Air Vice-Marshal G.C Wil- 
liams to be Assistant Chief of 
the Defence Staff Operational 
Requirements {Air Systems) on 
December 19, in succession to 
Air Vice--Marshal M.K- Adams. 

Air Vice-Marshal M.G. 
aSimmons to be Assistant Chief 
of the Ait Staff in Maxch 1987, 
isuccession to Air Vice-Marsha] 
LA. Jones. 

Air Vice-Marshal D.W. Hann lo be 
Director General ot Peraawai Services 
(RAFi in February 1987. in succession 
lo Air Vice -Marshal KJL Campbell. 

Air vice -Marshal K.A. CamobeU to 
be Air Officer Commanding Mainte- 

nance Onus and Airj Officer Mainte- 
nance. Head quart rs Royal Air Force 
Support Command to March 19BT (n 
succession lo Air Vice-Marshal T.P. 
White, who is retiring from the 

Air Commodore AL Roberts, to be 
Chief of staff. Headguarters No 18 
Group in February 1987. In the rank 
of air vire-marsluiL in succession to 
Air Vice-Marshal D.W. Hum. 

Air Commodore CJ. Thomson to be 
Air Officer Commanding No 1 Cr 
in February 1987. to the rank of _ 
vice- marshal, in succession to Air 
V Ire-Marshal M.G. Simmons. 

Air Commodore A. W. Jones to be 
Director 01 aw toeeri ng Pol icy (RAF) 
in March 19877 In succession to Air 
Commodore W.RJ. Owing. 

Air Comrnodi _ 

be Dtrector of Alrataft OwtaetongJ 
fRAFi In April 1 9S7. to succession to 
Air Commodore J~A, Rhcoo who is 

^Air'Somrnodore DJI. Waller to be 
Air Cwnmodore Supply and Move- 
men Is. Headauarters Strike Co 
on December 19. to succes 
Commodore R.C ABriton. __ 

Air Commodore A.T. Johnson l QH8 
lo be principal Metocal Officer. Royal 
Air Force Germany on December IB. 
in succession to Air commodore NJf. 

Air Commodore T.C. EJwnrthy. to 
be Director of OwgraUonal Re 
mencs lAlrC on Decemcr 1 
succession to Air commodore G.C. 
w imams. 

croup Captain J-S. All toon to be 
Director of Air Forte Plana, 
Programmes in January 1987. In 
rank of air commodore, insucces 
to Air commodore A.L. Roberts. 

Science report 

Cameloids finding 
favour in the Andes 

By David Nichotsoo-Lord 

Peruvian scientists are taking 
lips from the Incas in their drive 
* \ct halt the spread of deserts on 
tne uplands of the central Andes 
and provide local people with a 
reliable source of food and 

Their chief targe! is sheep, 
that staple of Western hus- 
bandry which shocked the Incas 
when it was introduced by the 
Spanish conquistadors. This 
animal" they said, "has the 
mouth and feet of the devil”. 

Time has proved the Incas 
right. Sheep, it appears, do not 
suit the Andean uplands. The 
rualish remnants of the 

conquistadors' animals and 
those oflater introductions yield 
little milk and poor meat. They 
arc also rapidiy denuding the 
fragile pastures. leading to ero- 
sion and desertification. 

The Peruvians’ attention is 
thus turning to a group oCnative 
animals favoured by the Incas 
■ n»d known, inelegantly- as 

The cameloids cover the 
llama, the alpaca and the less 
common, but more beautiful, 
vicuna, a gazelle-like creature 
which has been at the centre ofa 
long-running hunting con- 
troversy; at one point conserva- 
tionists' feared its extinction. 
Among their most conspicuous 
attributes is the capacity to 
reproduce at altitudes of up to 
18,000ft, where sheep - and 
humans - cannot survey. 

Equally important; camdoids 

lipspe where sheep trample. 

They also utilize the poor 
highland forage extremely ef- 
ficiently. provide high-value 
wool for export lat-free meat, 
hides for local consumption and 
dung for energy in a relatively 
treeless landscape. The Hama, 
moreover, is a useful beast of 

At least three Peruvian re- 
search stations, including La 
Raya, have launched cameloid 
research and development pro- 
grammes. One aim is to reduce 
the 50 per cent death rate of 
embryos in the first month of 
gestation. Radioisotope tech- 
niques are being applied to 
Wood, milk and other samples 
in the laboratory lo investigate 
the hormonal factors 

Three main diseases have also 
been identified: diarrhoea - for 
which a vaccine has been tested 
- pneumonia and mange. In 
combating pneumonia, unprov- 
ine resistance through better 
feeding and management is 
essential. Since concentrates 
and stall-feeding are out of the 
question, this means improved 
land husbandry, including 
extensive renovation of the 
derelict Inca canal network used 
lo distribute water trom moun- 
tain snow and river sources. 
Another method is rotational 
grazing, with buiU and 

fjSis kepi fallow for long 

Source: Ceres, the Food and 
Agriculture Organization 
Rfview.VoU9. No.4. pp7-S. 

25 Ymt Aantaenary Appeal 



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r ( 


17 1986 

Myra Hindley goes back to Saddleworth Moor 

Life-like dolls for 

exclusive clientele 


'7 and first saw what I’d made- ! 
Twiertwm - West Ger- and nrs n-cavsc the likeness 
maxiv. Some chiidrenloobng sjj ^ ft was uncanny 

with a perfect replica of too. _ . - f „: tc 

wim - ^ una 1 I fiOU » qUiic 

TELIT n d UWKIWii - I — 

themselves, wearing the sane 
dothes and standing almost 

West German artist An- 
nette Himstedt has built up a 
booming business by making 
effigies of real children, based 
on photographs sent by par- 
ents aD over the world. 

The result is a fon*-foot 
porcelain doll which looks 
astonishingly human ■ and 
resembles the original m the 

-BuL now I find n quite 

norma! io see her sitting there 

in the corner. 

Parents who want a por- 
re Sn model of them off- 
inrinc send photos of the 
child taken from 
She sa*s close-ups of the eyes 
and ears are necessai? and 
also a resume of the child s 
character "to help capture 
their spirit’'. 

resembles the original m the clients often 

smallest detail - down to the iJe c ] 0l hes 0 f the child for the 

eyes, the shape of dieeariobe aftist t0 make a jpy and 

* « rlirtHL * - Anil UCH OlK 

‘ : • • - • , : y— 

- - v : r ; * : ;; J ||||||| 

S’ J "T - 7 r- ; ^ 

-i;-. . ;,:• •-•- 

PVQ. Ul^> . fl 

and the blush of the cheek- 

“When I first tried to sell 
the dolls, people were shock- 
ed. even appalled, at the idea 
of it. It was something they 
had to get used to." she said 
in an interview at herhome- 
cum-studio m the West Ger- 
man town of Paderbom. 

~But it was the same when 
photography started." she 

said. "People were shocked 
when they saw an image or 
themselves captured perma- 
nently for the first lime. 

artist to make a copy •»«* 
dress up the doll. Each one 
lakes her a year ro complete. 

She recently started a side- 
line in plastic mannequins, 
which are based on imaginary 
children but look just as 
human as their china coun- 

Copied in bulk from the 
artist's original porcelain 
models bv a local toy firm, 
they cost 600 marks (£200). 

A group of her original 
dolb sits solemnly on a settee 

UU 1 UJ ■ - 7 - - . 

ASW a five-vear battle to ’in the amsts’s living room. 

JS^chXhiid-doiK rSfJSSSf^EtfdS 

S“ V 'W : 

EEC food 
quota coup 

Moors convoy: The police transit van containing Myra Hindley 

Continued from page 1 

in’s I Two US “ 


Continued from page 3 

ceniraied on reducing future 
output. The butter mountain 
stands at 1 Vb million tonnes, 
cereals surplus at 18 million 
tonnes, and the beef surplus at 
600.000 tonnes. 

An important role in yesr I 
terdays deal was played by Mr 
Austin Deasy, the Irish Farm 
Minister, who refrained from 
using the national veto on 
milk. Mr Deasy held the 
package up by using his veto 
on beef, but later relented 

Mrs Thatcher is understood 
to have been angered by 
charges at the London EEC 
Summit earlier this month 
that Britain had avoided farm 
reform, and instructed British 
ministers to make a final, 
determined effort to confront 
the monster of farm spending. 


Continued from page 1 
to seek immunity for Admiral 
Poindexter and Colonel North 
so that all the facts could come 
out quickly. So far they have 
refbsed to answer questions 
on the advice of their lawyers. 

Mr Speakes said Mr Reagan 
was not calling for an amnesty 
or clemency for them. He was 
{mtcing only for “limited 
immunity", which meant that 
what they said in hearings 
could not be used against 

them. But the law still permit- 
ted prosecution 

Mr Regan's testimony to a 
closed session of the Senate 

quale to ensure Hindley’s 
safety did they allow her 
temporary release from 
Cookham Wood aider Section 
29 of the Crimiii^ Justice Act 

Their fears were well 

just minutes before the 
helicopter landed, Mr Patrick 
Kilbride, father of one of the 
Moors murder victims, tried to 
evade police road blocks to 
reach the spot where he knew 
Hindley would arrive. 

Inside his jacket pocket was 

a five inch knife which he said 
later be intende d to us e to kM 
the woman who murdered his 

intelligence committee is con- decades 


M I got so dose. I dodged one 
police cordon hot got stopped 
at the second. If 1 had man- 
aged to get through I could 
have exacted revenge on the 
woman who has made my 
family's life hell for over two 

sidered vital to the attempt by | 
Congress to piece together was 
happened. Mr Regan, who is 
under strong pressure to re- 
sign. did not invoke his Fifth 
Amendment rights against 

Mr Kilbride, aged 58, 
added: “I came prepared to 
kill her — I just warn her 

Every footstep that Hindley 

look was monitored by a group 

of senior officers 

the idea caught on an d re- 
quest 5 are now received from 
parents in countries incluo- she says there is nothing 
ing the United States, New strange in the concept of 
7 ^.tand- Switzerland, Italy children cuddling, talking to 
and Malaysia. and taking to bed a doll which 

But the dolls remain exclu- looks exactly like them, 
sive. They cost between 5,000 -They know it’s a mirror 
and 20,000 marks (£1666- image 0 f themselves. If 

WliUC JWltW'-u — - 

stray heads and limbs of dolls 
in the making. 

Mnnre rirfns: The nolke control centre sits amid a moorland hollow. 

£ 6666 ). 

The idea grew into a 
commercial venture after the 
anisi. who formerly sold 
insurance policies, started 
sculpting die heads of chil- 
dren in her neighbourhood in 


The heads took on a life of 
their own, sprouted a body, 
arms and legs. Before long, 
there were lifelike replicas of 
the children she saw playing 

Then she modelled her 
daughter, now 20, from an 
old black and white photo- 
graph taken when she was 
three years old. 

The result sits in a pram in 
the corner ofher studio, a real 
toddler to the casual ob- 
server, dressed in her daugh- 
ter's old baby dothes. 

“When I finished that doll 

thev’re pleased with them- I 
selves, they talk nicely to the 
doll and if they’re annoyed 
with themselves, they throw 
it around." 

She admits, though, that 
her creations often end up 
being a memento for parents 
rather than a toy. “I also 
make dolls for people who 
have no kids and obviously 
want a substitute. I've had 
some very moving letters 
from old women, for 

Her next project is to 
construct child-dolls in full 

“My ambitions lie in bigger 
and bigger dolls . . . one day I 
might even model myself," 
die said. 

Kathy Marks 

qf Reuters 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Duchess of York attends 
Christmas Carols with the Siare 
ui the Royal Albert Hall in aid of 
the Leukaemia Research Fund, 

Princess Margaret, as Presi- 
dent of the St John Ambulance 
Association and Brigade, at- 
tends a carol service at St 

George's Church. Hanover 
Square, 7.15. 

The Duke of Kent, as Presi- 
dent of the Royal Nauonal 
Lifeboat Institution, attends a 
lunch given by the Variety Club 
of Great Britain, 1235. 

Prince Michael of Kent opens 
the new London Showroom of 
Aston Martin Lagonda Limited 
at Cbeval Place, SW7, 6. 

Princess Alexandra attends 
the opening of the Toshiba 
Gallery of Japanese Art at the 
Victoria and Albert Museum. 7. 

Exhibitions in Progress 
Badgers; Natural History Mu- 
seum, High Street, Colchester; 
Mon to Fn lOto 1, 2 to 5, Sat 10 
to 1, 2 to 4, (ends Mar 28). 

Books — hardback 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,231 





1 IBI 




















9 ! 












" , I 








































































Musk ... _ 

University of Ulster Or- 
chestra and Chamber Choir: 
Evening of Carols; Cromore 
Road, Coleraine, Co London- 
derry. NI; 8pm. 

Strathclyde Uruv Chorus and 
Brass; St Mungo's RC Church, 
Strathclyde; 2pm. . 

Penrbos Chamber Choir. 
Conceit of Carols and Christ- 
mas Music Village HaD, 

Grandboroagh, Warwickshire; 

The John Loosemore Centre- 
Choral and Instrumental Christ- 
mas Music Sal tram House, near 
Plymouth; 7.45. 

Si Albans Choral Society: 
Christmas Music with readings 
by Richad Whitmore St Al- 
bans City Hall St Albans, 
Herts; 8pm. 

Haydn Concert; Colstan Hall 
Bristol; 7 JO. 

The Literary Editors selection of interesting books published this’ 

y^Dtetionary of Philosophy, by AJL Lacey (Routledge & Kegan 

^Partial^ Testament Essays on Some “ ** GrCat 

Tradition, by Helen Lessore Gate Gallery, £1 1.95) 

Greece , and the EEC, edited by George N. Yannopoulos 

M^QtadlTteLife and Work ofRichmal Crompton Lambum. 

£S K rsS e fe^ 9 lW.»39, by John K.WnKon 


(Manchester University, £35) „ . ,, ^ 

Science and literature m the Nineteenth Century, by 
J.A.V. Chappie (Macmillaa, £20) 

The Paintings of Eagpne Delacroix, A Cn Deal Gacalogue 183~- 
1863, Movable Pictures and Decorations, VoL m Text, VoL IV 

Attitudes to the European Gommi^y. A 
psychoicS^J study “ four mcmbcr stales, by Miles Hewstone 

Brent Effiott (Batrfori £W) 

Victorian Lunacy, Richard M- Bucke and the Practice of Late 
Nineteenth-Century Psychiatry, by SJLD. Short (Cambndgg 


Be Meat 

1 Dover 






Anni versaries 




Births: Dominico Cimarosa, 
composer, Aversa, Italy, 1749; 

General . , 

Peter Pan, the musical: srar- 
ring Bonnie Langford and Ed- 
ward Brayshaw; Congress 
Theatre. Eastbourne, East Sus- 
sex; 2.30. 7.30 (ends Jan 17). 

Book Fair: Book Market, 
Fisher Hall Cambridge; 10 to 5. 

Dickensian Christinas Festi- 
val Mai ton and Norton-on- 
Derwent, North Yorkshire; 
(ends Dec 24). 

B. H. G. Gromek, worlds 
leading expert on power and the 
powerful: Third Eye Centre, 350 
SauchiehaB Street, Glasgow; 
8 . 00 . 

Lodtrig van Beethoven, Bonn, 
1770; Sir Humphry Davy, in- 
ventor of the miners' safety 
lamp, Penzance, 1778; John 
Greenleaf Whittier, author and 
Abolitionist, HaveririlL Mass- 
achusetts, 1807; Fowl Madox 
Ford, novelist and critic, Mer- 
ton, Surrey, 1873; W. L. 
Mackenzie mug. Prime Min- 
ister of Canada, 1921-48, Berlin, 
Ontario, 1874. 

Deaths: Simon Bolivar, the 
Liberator of South America, San 
Pedro, Colombia, 1830; Sir 
William Thomson, 1st Baron 
Kelvin of Largs, physicist, 
Largs, 1907. 

Petrol rationing imposed as a 
result of the closure of the Suez 
Canal 19S6. 


I T^ro who has lost his gnp? 

S Precision with which Bill 
takes position in church (8). 

9 Tidy the ratings' mess up 

( 10 ). 

10 Alone - therefore sounding 
depressed? (4). 

II Shown to be a North Briton 
indeed (S). 

12 Cerumen making organ 
grow more powerful (3-3). 

13 The fish is partly off, un- 
fortunately (4). 

15 Initially, proiem diet can 
turn out overexactmg (8). 

18 Sidle like an owl — not faoe 

19 How right Penny’s said to 

be! (4). , L 

21 It may be haired when the 
Prince’s performing (6). 

23 Mountain pasture, almost 
running bare to tbe sea (8). 

25 Sita’s husband is fast losing 
a lion-tamer (4). 

26 “Wherein Hi catch foe — - 
of the king" (Hamid) (10). 

27 Such enthusiasm needs a 
sharp head (8). 

28 Wave, or what produces one 

( 6 ). 

ctaiming tp 

3 Dull tingle girl riaiming 
be a goddess (9). 

4 Boats for cruise, say (6). 

Residential care 

London and toa Sootf A121ft 
Northbound terw.dow .Ma nga! ; St 
between Tower Hi and Shorter S L wfli 
delays on northsate of Tower Bri dge. 

doJdVbSh dradtons betweenjunc- 
to 4 pm. 













13 2 







3.4 11J3 






6 S3 

















SB 1237 



5u3 11-08 














B.8 MkJnt 



22 10.06 



43 1234 

















5 2 














43 1146 











39 1219 


to met 


c2T~) ©* 

“‘cH D V, pTsV 
X / * * * 7 \ /ri 
sl^hr-/ \ & 

w l f 8 tiSih 

/ Jl _ 8 \ 

. ^b 5 ^ c2? 


^ iiekJs-4? 




Sibi rtm: San Mis: 
.801 am 352 pm 


» : i 

^ * • ‘ ' 

■ir J A 


• 1 


^Sraland northern Scotland there may be sleet or snow at first, chrefly on high 
ground. Generally ratiier cold at first, becomi^ mild«fora time m most r«on. 
for tomorrow and Friday: bright spells, wmtry showers, rather cold and 

windy. Overnight frosts- 

r uismj TincQ 1 ( AM ) ( PM 1 


•f /- 

i -“ . lean 

EMa;> : uV 

^ M Moon Sets MoanKses 
9J39 am 4.17 pm 
Last Quarter December 24 

Yesterday: Temp: max 6 am to 6 p m. SC 
48(F) ; mm 6 pm to 6 am,3C (37F) 
Humidity. 6 pm, 71 per cent Rmc 24hr W 
6 pm. OjOS In Sun: 24 hr to 6 pm. S.9 

BSCv- : 

■ v .ser 

Sun Rain Max 

hrs in C F 

- .13 6 43 sunny 

SJ .07 6 43 sunny 

6 pm. 0X6 In Sum 24 hr to 6 pm. 5.9 ms 
Bar, mean sea level. 6 pm, 10134 
iTvSbars, steady 
1 .000 mflhbara =29.53*1- 



Wales and lfae wet M4a I jm resa to; 
Uom westtowid batmrni K«dons 28 


moan m. wim mists — — . 

and Plymouth. *30: Tomporary Sg Ws al 
Bumomhe. WBuMra. with tMeys betnwan 
wmon and Shettesbuy. 

5 Pick-me-ups in artide on 
diet edited by newspaper 
workers (15). 

6 Fights swindle on nurses (8). 

7 Might you meet an early one 
on the stairs? (5). 

8 Light meal in college at first 
rising (9). 

14 Fail to appreciate a French 
mistake in time (9). I 

16 Wrought iron panel is a per- 
fect example (9). 

17 Top position for apprentice 
in boat (8). 

20 Chesterton’s man of mys- 
tery (6). 

22 Get well in this country (5). 

24 Unusually close to foe foot 
of the column (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,230 

Choosing a residential care or 
nursing home can be difficult. 
Funding die right information 
can often be a problem- Tb belp 
elderly people and their rel- 
atives answer some of the 
questions Age Concern have 
published a fedsheei Finding 
Residential and Nursing Home 

It outlines the differences 
between private, voluntary and 
Ux-ai authority homes, how 
nursing homes differ and where 
to goTor lists of homes in any 
area. It also sets out all the 
options to consider before 
deciding to enter a home. 

A list of support services tp 
help older people stay in then 
own home, and where to find 
them, is also given. 

Finding Residential and Nurs- \ 
ing Home Accommodation, tree 
with a large stamped addressed 
envelope from Information 
Department (FS29), Age Con- 
cern England, 60 Pitcaini Road, 
Mitcham, Surrey, CR4 3LL. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30k Debate on 
the Chancellor’s autumn 
statement. _ , 

Lords (2.30): Debates on the 

security services and on Cyprus. 
Licensing (Restaurant Meals) 
Bill second reading. 

London 4£2 pm to 732 am 
Bristol 4,32 pm to 741 am 
Ednbnqpi A08 pm to 8.10 am 
MaM9wstar420 pm to 7.51 am 
Piirr stiff 4.50 pm to 7 j 47 am 

Temperatures at midday yesterday: c. 
cloud: f. fair, r. ran: s. sun. 


Belfast s 337 Qiamsey r 745 

B r o u g ha m s 643 Invern es s f 337 

Btodmod s 745 Je rs ey f 9*§ 

Bristol s 846 London s 646 

GsnW s 745 NTncbster c 541 

Edinburgh B 541 Hwweatle f 541 

Gteagow f 439 mridsmay I 643 




c-ritam#: U73; outside lane ctosures 
Line t«Hte wfti twnporaiy_»ig|itB jrt 


tmffif. uittti umocrarv W® between 

The pound 

traffic with tarmorafy W* 6el* 

— %cld~~ 



4.5 .IB 
3.7 .17 
• .15 

20 .15 

oa .12 
3J .19 
AS .09 
1 2 .17 
■ JS 

21 .33 

.an .04 




Christmas post 


2 Contiderin 
eccentric (i 

verdict on 

Today is the last recom- 
mended date for posting intend 
parcels and secondrctas* letters 
and cards in tune for Chris tmas . 
For first-class letters and .cards 
the latest recommended date is 
priday. Decanter 19. 

Italy Um 
Japan Yen 
Nonray Kr 
South Africa nd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden Kr 
Switzerland Fr 

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f 15 59 Cologne 
s 18 64 Cphtqp 
f 19 68 Corfu 
c 15 59 Orfdn 
I 5 41 Dohrami 
a 18 64 Faro 
e 17 63 Ho fence 

C F 

1 6 43 Majo rca 
c 5 41 Mtfma 
I 16 61 Mtta 
s 5 41 MaBrin u 
r Mexico C 

a 16 61 Mhmi* 
t 7 45 MBan 

C F C F 

t 17 63 ncma c 14 57 

f IB 66 Saterag f 5 41 
c 18 61 S Frisco* c 9 « 
r 17 63 Santiago* s 27 81 
GPeolor C26W 
f 27 81 Saoiri s 8 46 

Bahrain C 17 63 Rmm t 7 45 MBan c 1 34 Sing 1 por 

Ebvbads* C 20 79 FranWart e 5 41 Uontrerf* s -1 30 Srenfan 

Barcetaa f 13 55 FincM c 18 66 Moscow- s 19 -2 Strastoa 

Betal _ __ Oaraw J 7 45 Mdi s 5 41 Sydney 

S 18 84 W ah ab i | 22 72 Tangier 

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deques and other foreign 

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a 26 79 Paris 
s 19 66 PaMng 
c 20 68 Perth 
I 14 57 Puna* 
( 6 41 RwIm 

f 14 57 TenoBe 

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sn 0 32 Tg« 

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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 


FT 30 Share 
1279.6 (-0.7) 

FT-SE 100 

1637.9 (+0.9) 

38336 (29882) 

m 8 ^T an ” 


US Dollar 
1.4315 (-0.0010) 

W German mark 
2.8916 (+0.0058) 

68.8 (same) 

pay cut 

Mr Richard Giordano, the 
chairman and chief executive 
of BOC and one of Britain's 
highest paid industrialists, has 
not had a salary increase this 
year- and with part of his pay 
denominated in dollars, his 
remuneration has gone down 
by 12.5 percent 
From BOC, a group with 
annual sales of £1.4 bfliton, he 
has reed ved £772,000, com- 
pared with £883,100 in 1985. 
according to BOCs annual i 
report, out yestetday. 

In the previous year, he bad ! 
a 33 per cent salary increase, ] 
but because of the currency 

G as would return to state control Opec struggles for agreement 

■ yv w m| By Teresa Poole, Business Correspondent 

M I ■■■■III l/V ^| | || . Irat l was looking increas- dismissing the governor of about which there had been cut its output to help Oc 

PLr Vf ^4LJL f f U1 J"Sly isolated yesterday as Petromin. Mr AbduMiadi speculation in Riyadh for boost prices. 

tackrooro negotiahonsmtens- Taher. the siate-owned oil weeks, was thought to be as Earlier in the day Preside 

— ? n Geneva where the company. much a verdict on his com- Lukman was reported by t 

• A Organization of Petroleum According to Riyadh Radio, petence in running Petromin. Opec news agency as sayi 

/\WWT Exporting Coun tries is stnig- Mr Taher had been asked “to 1° Geneva President that only fine tuning w 

■ ■ ■— ■ 11/ | ■ ■ 1/ ■ m ■ 8 bng to reach agreement on retire." No reason was given. Rilwanu Lukman, of Nigeria, needed to reach an agreeme 

■ ■ A. WV ■ ■■ W ■ ■ ■ ■■ production cuts armed at rais- Mr Taher, head of held itwo rounds of talks with and that ministers were do 

T T AAJ i. T U ingod prices to S18 a barreL Petromin since h was estab- Mr Qassem Ahmed Taqi, the to a final figure on outpuveui 

scheduled for the afternoon, 
was postponed until today as 
renewed top-level pressure 
was put on Iraq to accept a 

Meanwhile, King Fabd, of 
Saudi Arabia, further strength- 
ened his grip on the kingdom's 
oil policy yesterday by 

The Labour Party yesterday 
outlined its preliminary plans 
for taking British Gas back 
into state control. They are 
likely to follow doscly the 
blueprint laid down for the re- 
nationalization of British 
Telecommunications, involv- 
ing a government purchase of 
shares at their offer price or a 
swap for two kinds of non- 
voting security. 

Lord Williams of Elvel, 
Labour's Trade and Industry 
spokesman in the House of 
Lords, told a City conference 
that tbe details of the party's 
plans for British Gas bad not 
been finalized but there was 
little reason to suppose they 
would differ radically from 
those for other public utilities. 

There would be no return to 
1 the traditional Labour party 
formula for nationalization. 
Eventually utilities such as BT 
and British gas would wind up 
with a single shareholder— the 
Government — but existing 
shareholders would be offered 
three alternatives. 

The first would be to accept 
4 t cadi offer at either the 
market price or the original 
price at which shares were 
offered to the public, depen d- 

By John Bell, City Editor 

stock or participating certifi- 
cates would probably have to 
wait for two or wee years 
before showing a profit over 
the original offer price. 

The loan stock would have a 
nominal value equal to the 
market price of the shares 
shortly before the date of 
return to state control, but the 
yield would be similar to the 
dividend yield on the shares. 

There might be a redemp- 
tion bonus to encourage hold- 
ers to retain the stock to 
maturity and to compensate 
for the initial low yield 
The participating certifi- 
cates would be designed to 
enable holders to share in the 

effect bis remuneration was up. ing on which was lower. The 
14.4 per cent others would involve non- 

TK, v <> 6 ng participation certifi- 
xTOIllS target cates or unsecured loan stock. 
• l Lord Williams explained 

IS Deaten that those Opting for loan 

McConquodafe, the special- 
ist printing company taken Tl„!l 
over by Norton Opax afteT a 8)111 IfllTlfF 
hard-fought battle, has beaten O 

the profits estimate made in 
its defence documenLPretax IjUvIvIY 
profits for the year to the end , , . 

of September were £14.4 mil- c;h ni ticj 

lion, against an estimated £14 WliWI Uipj 

million and a pmvions £10.2 B yKichard Thomson 
mmjon - Banking Correspondent 

Oceonics loss Money flowing info build- 

^ sa gBajt 

szszssass ssIbiS 'sS 

to September of £1.97 million t0 ****** 

y^ 7 ^!nS« firSt " half,08S Net deposits flowing into 
of £3.27 million. societies amounted t? £160 

P&O director billion in October and £638 

Mr Charles Hambro, chair- miUion in November last 
man of Hambros, the mer- y^- October's fi gure w as 
chant banking group, will join boosted by funds returning 
the board of P&O, the ship- fro™ disappointed applicants 
ping company, as a non- for TSB shares, 
executive director from Mr Mane Boleat, secretary- 
January I. general of the Building Soci- 

T 4 r>, g-^ , » eties Association, said: “For 

1\^ fjrJtS aneaa fo e month running the 

pretaxprofits figurShave been distorted by 
of £18.5 million in the six ashare issue.” 
months fo September agamst gm there are already signs 

PKSfa ft.®? that December will prove to 
half. Cal or Gas, for which the more disappointing than 
group is bat ImowL made a thc societies at firet thought, 
pretax profit of £163milhon ^ for net receipts have not 
against only £798,000 last been as big as expected,” said 
“ me - Mr John Bayliss, general man- 

F1VT AP hllV ager of the Abbey National 

LiiTmi VUJ The societies expect money 

EMAP (East Midlands Al- from disappointed Gas ap- 
lied Press), the provincial plicanis and those who have 
newspaper and magazine already sold their shares fo 
group, is paying £7.7. million flow hack in December. But 
for Courier Press. Courier, that will be partly countered. 
which publishes 20 news- by the seasonal fell in deposits 
papers, last year reported pre- as people withdraw money to 
tax profits of £2.07 million on spend before Christmas, 
turnover of £12.6 million. Societies face further with- 

_ — . _ . drawals next month in the 

BSC adviser nm-up to the British Airways 

flotation early in February. 

The Government will Mortgage d emand dropped 
shortly appoint a merchant subtly but remained rel- 
bank to advise it on the at jvely strong for November, 
privatization of British bteel w j l h £3 billion lent to home- 
Corporation, Mr Giles Shaw, buyers and a further £2.5 
Minister of State for Industry, billion promised, 
said. •The BSA announced yes- 

cash dips 

By Richard Thomson 
Banking Correspondent 

Money flowing into build- 
ing societies nosedived during 
November from October's 
record high even though 

Bryan Gonld: SIB wonld be 
given statutory powers 

growth of the utility. Any 
increase in value would not be 
market defined, but would be 
linked to the growth in the net 
asset value of the company. 
After two or three years, the 
certificates would be bought 
in, possibly by the Bank of 
England through the govern- 
ment broker, at the current 
levels of net asset value 

The participating certifi- 
cates might also carry a bonus 
element to compensate hold- 
ers for what Lord Williams 
called the “dead period" of 
two or three years before 
certificates were regularly 
bought in by the authorities. 

Because tbe certificates 
were linked to growth in net I 
assets, participating certifi- , 
cates in companies like BT 
might be a better investment 
than existing ordinary shares. 
Lord Will iams said. 

At the same conference. Mr 
Roy Hatlersley, the shadow 
chancellor, said Labour also 
intended to make pension 
fund managers accountable by 
law to pensioners and trustees 
for their investment decisions. 

Mr Bryan Gould, Labour's 
front-bench spokesman on 
Gty affairs, said the Lloyd's 
insurance market would be 
brought within the regulatory 
framework of the financial 
Securities Act and the Securi- 
ties and Investments Board 
would have statutory powers. 

By Teresa Poole, Business Correspondent 

dismissing the governor of about which there had been 
Petromin. Mr Abdul-Hadi speculation in Riyadh for 
Taher. the state-owned oil weeks, was thought to be as 
company. much a verdict on his com- 

Accordrng to Riyadh Radio, Ptfcnce in running Petromin. 
Mr Taher had beat asked “to .1° Geneva President 
retire." No reason was given. Rilwanu Lukman, of Nigeria, 
Mr Taher, head of held two rounds of talks witii 
Petromin since it was estab- Mr Qassem Ahmed Taqi, the 
fished in 1 962, was a supporter iraqi oil minister, but he foiled 
of the policies of Sheikh ?° budge Iraq, which stuck to 
Ahmed 7ai^i Ya m am, the oil ,ts demand for a quota equal 
minister who was abruptly 1° dial of Iran, its Gulf war 
dismissed less then two adversary, 
months ago for his strategy of Mr Taqi, the Iraqui oil 
defending market share de- minister, said: “That is our 
spite the considerable cost to position and h is firm.” But he 
the oil price. did not rule out the possibility 

But Mr Taber’s dismissal, that Iraq would voluntarily 

cut its output to help Opec 
boost prices. 

Earlier in the day President 
Lukman was reported by tbe 
Opec news agency as saying 
that only fine tuning was 
needed to reach an agreement 
and that ministers were close 

Mr Qassem Ahmed Taqi, the to a final figure on outpuicuts. 
Iraqi oil minister, but he foiled Analysts yesterday re- 
10 budge Iraq, which stuck to mained bopeJul of an agree- 
its demand for a quota equal men: and saw the problem as 
to that of Iran, its Gulf war one of finding a face-saving 
adversary. formula acceptable to Iraq. 

Mr Taqi, the Iraqui oil Oil prices slipped slightly 
minister, said: “That is our towards the end of trading 
position and h is firm." But he with Brent for January defiv- 
did not rule out the possibility eiy at $ 15.95 a barrel, down 20 
that Iraq would voluntarily cents on the previous close. 

Mr Taqi, the Iraqui oil 

linietpr coirl* » a... 


■' lA'fcitSl 



Enterprise buys 
Id’s N Sea assets 

By Caro) Ferguson 


•’ Net deposits flowing into 
societies amounted to £160 
million, compared with £1.9 
billion in October and £638 
million in November last 
year. October’s figure was 
boosted by funds retimiing 
from disappointed applicants 
for TSB shares. 

Mr Mark Boleat. secretary- 
general of the Bu ild i n g Sod- 

otior A PCAAintiort Miri* 

Enterprise Off, Britain’s sec- 
ond biggest independent oil 
company, is buying Imperial 
Chemical Industries’ oil and 
gas assets in a deal worth £1 1 5 

At a stroke, the deal will 
double Enterprise's North Sea 
oil production for 1987 from 
30,000 barrels a day to 60,000 
through the purchase of ICl's 
183 per cent interest in tbe 
Ninian oilfield. 

The deal also indudes a 15 
percent share in the Amethyst 
gas field, which is being 
considered for early develop- 
ment, a 20 per cent share in a 
promising ofl find in Indo- 
nesia, a varied portfolio of 

eties Association, said: “For exploration acreage and £25 
tbe third month running the million of working capital. 

WaU Street 24 Co News 25 
Money Mrfcls 24 Tempos 26 
Foreign Etth 24 Traded Opts 26 
Stock Market 25 Unit Trusts 28 
Comment 25 Shire Prices 29 

building society net receipts 
figures have been distorted by 
a share issue.” 

But there are already signs 
that December will prove to 
be more disappointing than 
the societies at first thought. 
“So for net receipts have not 
been as big as expected,” said 
Mr John Bayliss, general man- 
ager of the Abbey National 

The societies expect money 
from disappointed Gas ap- 
plicants and those who have 
already sold their shares to 
flow back in December. But 
that will be partly countered 
by the seasonal foU in deposits 
as people withdraw money to 
spend before Christmas. 

Societies face further with- 
drawals next month in the 
run-up to the British Airways 
flotation early in February. 

Mortgage demand dropped 
slightly but remained rel- 
atively strong for November, 
with £3 billion lent to home- 
buyers and a further £2.5 
billion promised. 

• The BSA announced yes- 
terday that Mr Tony Stough- 
ton-Harris, chief general 
manager of the Anglia Build- 
ing Society, has been nomi- 
nated as BSA chairman. 

In exchange, IQ will receive 
72 million new Enterprise 
shares, to give it 25 per cent of 

1 185* NHan 

15* Amethyst flinhurv. 

km m, 


plus oil i ntere sts & 

n Indonesia, 

Canada and Denmark 

k Entaprtsa fields, /fcy« W 

— (D 

I Enterprise ~ 1 

Interests in — 
FOlnar, Kontoae, Betyl, 
NW Hutton, Kottou and 

irtttocks of UK 
offstore exploration, 
plus 31 onshore licences 

Enterprise's enlarged equity. 
Dr Ian Waft, ICI Petroleum's 
managing director, will be- 
come an executive director of 
Enterprise. In addition, IQ 
will be able to pom mate two 
non-executive duectifiii fo- 
Enterprise's board. 

Mr John Wahnsley, finance 
director of Enterprise, said the 
companies being combined 
were good businesses m their 
own right “But the whole is 
greater than the sum of the 
parts. ICI' Petroleum is a 
production company with 
some developments in the 
medium term while Enter- 
prise has more develop- 

Enterprise has six oilfields 
in Britain's North Sea and a 
gas field in tbe Dutch sector. It 
has significant interests in the 
Arbroath and Miller oilfields 
which are expected to be 
developed over the next few 

Its oil and gas reserves 
amount to approximately 240 
million bands of oil equiva- 
lent, and the IQ acquisition 
will add another 100 million 
barrels to reserves. 

“Even if the oil market is 
lousey for the next two or 
three years, Enterprise has a 
strong balance sheet and we 
will still have the capacity to 
make acquisitions" Mr 
Walmsley said. 

The City greeted the news 
with approval One oil analyst 
said: “Definitely a case of 
mutual back-scratching .' 1 

The deal was struck on the 
fully taxed value of the assets 
of the two companies, and 
there will no dilution. 

Under the terms of the deal, 
IQ is barred from bidding for 
Enterprise until 1991. By then. 
Enterprise's developments 
should be under way, and the 
oil price may have started to 
rise again. If there is an 
outside bid from a third party, 
IQ can make a counter offer. 

New image for BAA: Sir Nor man Payne stadying the options for hotels and leisure centres on 750 acres of airport land 

£42 million BAA sets its sights on the 
feweifer complete airport package 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

offer for 

By Richard Lander 
Oriflame International, tbe 
Swedish jewellery and cosmet- 
ics group registered in Luxem- 
burg and listed on die London 
Stock Exchange, is planning a 
drive into tfo British jewellery 
market with a £42 million 
takeover offer for The Gold- 
smiths Group, whose interests 
also in dude hotels and 

The approach - it came 
after talks aimed at securing 
an agreed bid — was firmly 
rejected by Goldsmiths as 
“opportunistic and too low ” 
However Oriflame put itself 
in a strong position last night 
by taking ns 14.3 per cent 
stake in its target to at least 
27.7 per cent through pur- 
chases in the market It hopes 
to increase this investment to 
29.99 per cent, the maximum 

Mr Jonas af Jochnick, chair- 
man of Oriflame, made it dear 

Britain's state-owned air- 
ports company, BAA, which 
operates Heathrow and Gat- 
wick, could become one of die 
country’s leading property, ho- 
tel, retailing and nwnapMnpnt 
services companies alter its 
privatization next sranmer. 

Sir Norman Payne, the 
chairman, outlined BAA's 
plans when he revealed half- 
year pretax profits of £89 
mfllioa and said that the 
company, previously the Brit- 
ish Airports Authority, was 
studying a range of diversifica- 
tion projects. 

Top of the list is the 
development of BAA's 750 
acres of fend mostly around 
Heathrow, Gatwkk and Stan- 
sted airports, (the latter is 
undergoing a £300 million 
expansion), which coaid lead 
to BAA bedding holds ami 
leisure centres: 

BAA, which owns Aber- 

that his company’s main tar- - Glas gow, Prestwick ami 

get was GoWsmiths’ lOS^hop 

jewellery chain, which he de- 
scribed as “a very well run 
business with strong 

He said that the struggling 
insurance business would be 
pul up for sale if the takeover 
succeeded. Goldmsfths had 
already announced its inten- 
tion to sell this division, and it 
is thought to have been dose 
to announcing a deal with 
S win ton Insurance. 

Mr Jurek Piasedo, chair- 
man and chief executive of 
Goldsmiths, said that the bid 
came at a watershed time for 
the group. 

On flame's bid is one share 
ami £1022 cash for every 
seven shares, valuing Gold- 
smiths at 267p after its own 
shares fell lOp to 850p. There 
is also a cash alternative, 
underwritten by Morgan 
Grenfell, worth 260p a share. 
Goldmsmiths* shares dosed 
16p stronger at 262p. 

tion to its busy South-east 
operatioBS, will be sold by the 

Government next June or 
July, after die privatizations of 
British Airways in January 
and Rolls-Royce, the aero- 
engine maker, in the spring. 

The attraction of owning 
seven airports, now re-or- 
ganized as separate subsid- 
iaries of BAA, is expected to 
raise op to £750 million for tbe 

Sir Norman said BAA was 

studying the construction, but 
not management, of hotels, 
moving into airport-associated 
transport sectors, retailing and 
overseas airport management 

BAA’s duty and tax-free 
concessions, granted on a five- 
year basis, form the single 
largest some of income and 
Sir Norman clearly is keen to 
see the privatized company 
taking additional advantage of 
this lucrative bramess. 

With mainstream airport 
income — mostly tending ami 
passenger charges— still mak- 
ing a loss, and due to be 
controlled by the Government 

after privatization, BAA wfll 
try to woo institutional inves- 
tors with its new integrated 
company approach. 

Sir Norman said that after 
the ranal loss-making second 
halt the company was on 
course to make a profit similar 
to last year’s pretax level of 
£76 miUion. 

He reported that despite the 
impact of incideats in Libya 
and the Chernobyl disaster, 
which resulted in a 17 per cent 
fall in United States traffic 
through British airports, num- 
bers of outbound holiday- 
makers increased by 20 per 
cent on a year earlier. 

Passenger traffic grew by 8 
per cent m the first half of 
December after a 1.5 per cent 
overall Increase in passenger 
numbers in the six months. 

Revenue for the half year 
was up to £262 million agamst 
£239 million a year earlier, 
hugely on growth in commer- 
rial income and BAA’s new 
concentration on tax-free sales 
of goods at airports. 



New York 

Dow Jones 1923.09 (+0-28) 


Nikkei DOW T 893238 (+144.07) 

KSjSenf 2440.68 (-8-75) 

Amsterdam-' Gen jBMKj 
Sydney: AO 1446- 7 (+8.6J 

Commerzbank . — 2053.1 (+19.5) 

General 4064.42 (+144^ 

Zurich: SKA Gen ...... 552.80 (-1.4) 

London: FT. A 

FT. Gilts 82J0 (-0.09) 

dosing prices 

Page 29 



Wettem Brothers — 

Loved YJ 

MK Elect.- 

Victoria Carper 

Avon Rubber ----- 

Western Motor 'A .. 


Woofworth — 

Redtitt & Cobnan — 

Enterprise oil — 

Mlifird Docks 

Moran Tea 

British Aerospace 

1C Gas 

Peek Holdings 


1(ft0p (+33p, 
.. I30p {+I0p! 
.. 379p (+11p 
.. 131p (+10pj 

— 190p [+7pj 

Upturn by manufacturing industry 

Output up by 0.3% 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

.... 680p (+8p 

.. 1740 (+1 Ip 

— 76p (+8p 

— 925p(+50p 
_491p +5p 
.... 569p I +6p 

— 43p +5p 
570p +6p 


London: Bank Base; 11% 

3-month Interbank 

3-month ekgtotebiBs:t0 ,, ifr J 3z% 

buying rate 
U& Prime Rate 7Ji% 

Federal Funds 6?W - Vi ,. 

3-montti TreasisyBilte 5.55^-53% 

30-year bonds 1u1%-l0l 71 ® 


New York: 

£: £1.4300" 

S; DM2.0175- 


$: FFr5.6055* 

S: Yenl 63,85' 
$: Index: 111 -3 

£: DM2.8916 
£: SwFr2.44l4 
£ FFr9.4622 
£ Yen23455 

ECU £0.719338 SDR £0-837635 


Prices an as at 4pm 


London Fixing: 

AM $393.70 pm-$393.10 
dose $393-75-394.25 (£275.00- 

New York: 

Domex S394.0t^394-50* 


Manafactoring output rose 
by 03 per cent in October — to 
its highest level since Feb- 
ruary, 1980. 

Officials believe that the 
recovery has strengthened, 
and that mannfacturiiig is 
growing at an annual rate of 
about 23 per cent 

The rise in ma nufactur ing 
output was the third successive 
monthly increase. It matches 
evidence from the Confedera- 
tion of British Industry that 
output has broken out from the 
earlier doldrums. 

In the latest three months 
manufacturing output has 
risen by 1.3 per cent compared 
with the previous three 
months, although it a only 1.1 
per cent higher than in tbe 
corresponding period of last 

Output of the production 
industries as a whole fell by 
0,8 per cent m October, mainly 
became of a drop in North Sea 
off production. 

The underlying rate of 
growth for overall industrial 
production is about IS per 
cent, officials said. 

There are signs that in- 
dustry is responding with more' 
vigoor to the strength of 
coasumer spending. Although 
consumer goods ortpst was np 
by only 1.1 per cent in the 
latest three months, compared 
with rises of 1.7 per cent for 
investment goods and 2 per 
emit for intermediate goods, 
some consumer goods cate- 
gories have been picking up 

Output of consume- dura- 
bles in file Angast-October 
period rose by 2.7 per cent and 
that of clothing and footwear 
by 33 per cent There was a 
4.5 per cent increase in car 

As in earlier manufacturing 
recoveries, the strongest rises 
were in chemicals, 22 per 
cent, and electrical engineer- 

ing, AS per cent. Textiles, up 
2 S per cent, also recovered 

The recovery in chemicals, 
in particular, reflects sterling's 
lower level against tbe mark 
and other competitor 
countries’ currencies. 

Although North Sea (dl 
output was generally expected 
to have passed its peak in 
1986, the latest figures show 
big increases over the latest 
three mouths. In the Angast- 
October period ontpot was 42 
per cent up on the previous 
three months and 4 S pa- cent 
higher than a year earlier. 

However, officials pointed 
out that the figures were 
distorted by fower-than-usunl 
maintenance activity fo the 
summer mouths. 

Coal output, after initially 
recovering at the end of the 
miners* strike, has foDeu. In 
the latest three months it was 
3£ per cent down on a year 

4,000 Quality Homes of Character 


TELEPHONE (0276) 681661 







cni mu 

SS&*8 ss 

2SSS? 67% 67% 
AfeChtovs 2 X 2 Si 
33% 3% 
ft»WhK 12% 12% 
Amjfcte 23X m 
Am Brands 45 45 

i™C« , 88% 88% 

AmCWtf 80% 80% 
AmgPw 28% 28% 
*a Expre ss S9% 58 
AmHam 79 79 

Am Moon; 

3% 3 

43% 42% 

m 26% 

68% 67 


Armco Start 5% 5 

Asarco 14 14 

AshtandCM 57% 57% 
AtRtctifleM 60% 81 
Avon Prods 30% 30% 
Bos Tat NY 47 46% 

gwtenwr 15 % 15% 

Bh a) Baton 42% 41% 

Bank at NY 39% 40% 
MhSteM 4% 4% 

52% 51% 
61% 60% 
. <7% 47% 
eg Werner 39% 39% 
«tMyeri 80% 80% 
BP 41% 40 

Byrnontad 40% 40% 
BurrtonNtn 57% 58% 
Brunswick 32% 32% 

CmpWSp 50% m 
Can Pacific 12% 12% 

CatnpBtar 39% 39% 
Crtaneae 340 200% 

CemnlSW 34% 35 

Champion 31% 31% 
CtaSBMm 38% 38% 
ChmBkNY 43% 44% 
Chevron 47% 43% 

Chrysfer 39% 39% 
Ctacgrp 54% 53% 

Clark Equip 20% 20% 
CocsCtta 38 37% 

Colgate 42 42% 

CBS 130% 131% 

CUnbtaGas 44% 44% 
CmbtnEng 32% 32 
ComvrthQ 33% 33% 
ConsBSs 48% 47% 

Cn Nat Gas 33% 33% 
ConsPowar 17 16% 

CnWData 27 26% 

Corning <2 55% 55% 

CPC inn 78 77% 

Cram 35% 34% 
CurtoaWtt 54% 53% 
OetaGenL 32% 31% 

Deere 23% 23% 
DettaAIr 48% 49% 
Detroit Ed 17% 17% 
□UtalEq 107% 106 % 
»W V 45% 45% 
OdWOMfli 60% 60% 

Dresser ina 19% 19% 
Duka Power 47% 47% 
DuPont 86% 86% 
Estm Kodak 68% 88% 

Eaton Coro 75% 76 

Emerson Q 37% 87% 

EmaryAJr 12% 12% 
Exxon Coqs 72% 71% 
Fad Opt Sts 85% 55% 

Dee Dee 

15 12 

Riwttne 27% 27% 

FstChbSgo 38 3t» 
FstimBnqi 58 54% 
FstPwmC 9 % 9 % 

Pore 57% 56% 

FTWactwa 38% 38% 

OAF Core 39% 39% 

GTE Cofp 
Gen Coro 
Gen - 
Gan inst 
Gan Ids 

59% 59% 
76% 80% 
71% n% 
85% 84% 
18% 18% 
41% 41% 

GMlMotora 69% 69% 
GnPDUtny 23% 23% 
Geneses 3% 3% 

Pac 38* 38% 
„ — SO 48% 
Goodrich 44% 45 
42% 42% 
_ _ ft* 18% 18% 
Grace 51% 51% 
GtAC&Tac 23 23% 

Grhnd 334 32% 

Goman Cor SB 

GuRft West 65% 68% 

Heinz HJ. 41% 41% 
Harcufas 55% 56% 
HTatt-Ptad 43% 42% 
Haneywea 64% 64% 

fClncfe 24% 24% 

fry Pnti 
wvn vOre 

Steel 18% 18% 
IBM 127% 125% 

BCD 11% 12 

Int Paper 74% 75% 

tetTelTM 53% 53% 
Irving Sank 49% SO 
Jhnai&Jhn 69% 60K 
Kaiser Alum 13 13 

Ken-McGea 2SK 29% 
KintfiyCkk 33% 33% 

KMart 47% 47% 
Kroger 30% 30% 
LTVTCorp 1 % 1 % 

Litton 78% 78% 
Lockheed 51 50% 

Lucky Sirs 30% 30% 

Man (finer 48 47% 

MmteCp 2% 2% 

Masco 60% 61 % 
Marine Mid 46% 46% 
h%1 Marietta 39% 39% 
27% 27% 
McDonalds 62 62% 

McOowWfl 74% 73% 

Mead 56% 55% 

Merck 113 112 

MlnsteMng 115% 114% 
MoWOR 40% 40 
Monsanto 76% 77% 
Morgan 4-P. 87% 87% 

Motorola 37 365i 

<7% 48% 

_ 5% 5% 

NatDfstlrs 46% 46% 
NatMedEnt 23% 23% 
NatSmcndt 11 10% 

NorloJkSitt 85% 85% 
NWSancrp 36% 38% 
OcddntPflt 28% 28 
44% 44% 




42% 41% 
50% 50% 
PacGasB 24% 24% 

P«n Am 4% 5 

Penney -LG. 77% 76% 

PennzoD 63% 68% 

PtekSCO 2 SK 28% 





PPG Ind 
Royal Dutch 
Sara Lea 
Scott Paper 

Sears Rbck 
Shefl Trans 


swan Baa 
sid on mm 


Sun Conn 
Texas ECor 
Texas Inst 
Texas LHSs 

TRW Inc 
UAL tec 
Unlever NV 

Un Pats Cor 
DU Brands 
usx Core 
Jim Waiter 

Xerox Cotp 


6TK 61 

m 21 % 

74% 74% 
11 11% 
68 % 68 % 
72% 73K 
79% 77% 
41% 41% 
68 % 88 % 
41% 41% 
47% 45% 
93 92% 

69% 69% 
90% 30% 
33% 33% 
63% 83 
62 61% 
41% 41% 
56 54% 

39% 33% 
88% 89% 
21 % 21 % 
35% 35% 
112 % 112 
49% 49% 
46% 46% 
39% 38% 
57% 56% 
911% 308% 
37% 37% 
35% 34% 
30 29% 

122% 122 
32% 32% 
65% 65% 

45 44% ■ 

92% S3 
57% 58 
228% 229% 
82% 82% 
22 % 22 % 
02% 63* 

33% 32% 

39% 40 

46% 467. 

21 % 21 % 
26% 26% 
48% 40 

56% 57% 
1D4% 104% 
60% 59% 

3B% 39% 
69% 68% 

40% 41 

60% 60% 
20 % 20 % 


27% 26% 

Mum 38% 38% 
AJgonaSU 11 11 

Can Pacific 17 17% 

Cooinco 13 13 

CanBafint 29% 29% 
Hfcr/SidCan 26% 28% 
HdsnBMn 22% 23% 
imasco 32% 32% 

OB 50 49 

38% 38% 
Ryl Trustee 30% 30% 
“- ram 85% 85 

Co 18% 18 % 
Trmt&nN 'A* 31 31% 

verity Core 255 Z55 
WCT 12% 12% 

Weston 32% 31% 


Prices edge 
ahead in 
early trade 

New York , „ , 

Monday's bte-flftenMHM, ar- 
bitrage-refcrted baying lifted 
the market's spirits and 
helped shares to stage a 
moderate advance in early 
trading yesterday. 

Shares were also aided by 
die bond market; whore a 1.8 
percent decline in November's 
boosing starts dampened some 
concern that interest rates 
wobU rise. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average rose by 6 points to 
1,928.81. Rising shares oat- 
mmibered telling stocks by 
seven to tear on a volume of 25 
mfllioa shares. 

Japanese stocks rose 
strongly in response to good 
gains on the Tokyo exchange. 
Honda was up 4Vt to 83, 
Matsoshita by 3 % to 131, 
Hitachi 3% to 71% and Pio- 
neer Electric 1% to 32%. 

On Monday, the Dow av- 
erage dosed lOiS points 
higher at l,922JSl after being 
down by more than 8 points 

of trading. It had spent modi 
of Monday drifting under the 
1,900 leveL 

The , number of shares 
traded on Monday swelled 
from Friday’s 126j6 million to 
14&4 million. 

At the start of trading on 
Monday, weak bond prices — 
responding partly to fears that 
Opec wsffiM reach agreement 
to lift oil prices — fa&$ de- 
pressed shares. 


Limit for charity 
tax relief raised 

By Peter Garttend 

The cost to the Government 
of the payroll -giving scheme is 
likely to rise by 10 per cent to 
£22 million for the year 1987- 
88 . 

This follows the relaxation 
- announced by ibe Chan- 
cellor, Mr Nigel Lawson, yes- 
terday — in the maximum 
amount that can be given to 
charity under the scheme. 

Mr Lawson said that he had 
decided to increase the limit 
on donations which can qual- 
ity for tax relief from £100 to 
£120 a year. 

The limit is being raised 
principally because of the 
practical difficulty of dividing 
£100 into 12 monthly instal- 
ments. The revised limit of 
£120 means that from April 6, 
1987 anyone in a payroll- 
riving scheme can give up to 
£10 a montb to charily and 

Nigel Lawson: scheme will 
cost him £22 million 
receive tax relief on the full 
donation at the top rate of 
income tax pa kt 
Mr Lawson also announced 
that the Government bad 
decided to participate in the 
payroll-giving scheme as an 
employer. This means that the 
scheme will be open to 

600.000 civil sen-ants and 
members of the armed foices. 

Where an employer is pre- 
pared to run a scheme, 
employees will be able to 
donate a fixed amount each 

week or month to their chosen 

charity or charities. The 
annum i will be deducted from 
pay at source, with automatic 
tax relief given through the 
pay packet. 

Employers wiH pass the 
donations to clearing houses, 
which will distribute them to 
the chosen charities which 
might be. for example, in the 
gelds of famine relief the arts 
or medical research. 

The pajroIl-gmEg scheme 
win be entirely voluntary. No 
employer win be obliged to set 
up a scheme. 

The scheme will not afreet 
charitable donations made 
through a deed of covenant. 

Flat figures from S&N 

Half year profits at Scottish & 
Newcastle, the brewer and 
hotelier, suffered a £5 million 
shortfall owing to poor trading 
experience at the group's ho- 
tels. Approaching half of S & 
N*s 4,500 hotel rooms are in 
London which was particu- 
larly badly affected by the lack 
of overseas visitors last sum- 

Mr Alick Rankin, chief 
executive, is not expecting the 
lost ground to be made up in 
the remainder of the current 

financial year, but he is 
optimistic about the future 
prospects for this part of the 
business. M We have been 
refurbishing many of our ho- 
tels and have not yet enjoyed 
the pay-off from this 
investment," he said. 

Scottish & Newcastle yes- 
terday reported pretax profits 
for the six months to the end 
of October 1986 of £44.8 
million compared to £43.1 
million in the first half of last 
year. Turnover was un- 

changed at £393.8 million 
reflecting the disposal in 1985 
of the Madtintey Whisky busi- 
ness. An interim dividend of 
2.4 lp was declared. 

Scottish & Newcastle owns 
29.9 per cent of Matthew 
Brown, the regional brewer, 
following a takeover bid in 
1985 which was referred to the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
C ommissio n- S&N has been 
free to ind again since last 

Tempos; page 26 

3% owners 
frozen out 

By Alison Eadie 

S&W Berisford, the sugar 
refining and commodity trad- 
ing company, has obtained a 
High Com order disenfran- 
chising 3J per <*m of its 
shareholders whose identity e 
hidden behind two British 
nominee companies. 

Berisford is worried that the 
ultimate ownership could be 
parties friendly with Tate oc 
Lyle, the sugar refining group 
whose Wd for Berisford was 
referred to the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission 
(MMC) test May. Tate has 
assured Berisford that it does 
not own the stake. Tate's 
declared stake is 142 per cent. 

Berisford has agreed to sell 
British Sugar, its sugar refin- 
ing operation, to Ferruzzi, the 
Itafianjagnbusiiiess group, ^o r 

clearance. Ferruzzi owns 23.7 
per cent of Berisford. 

Ibe amrt order prevents the 
owners of the 3.1 per cent 
stake from voting the shares, 
transfering them or receiving 
any dividend -Berisford has 
been trying to discover the 
ownership using the disclosure 
provisions of the Companies 

Act 1985. 

The MMC is expected to 
report on Femczzfs and Tate 
& Lyle's takeover chances in 
January. In spite of Femnzfs 
pre-arranged dad, Tate is ex- 
pected to renew its bid for 
Berisford if permitted. 

buy-in bid 
for Simon 


By Alison Eadie 

The novel management 
fcuwrt bid pioneered by 
Va’iucdale. the shell company 
created to bid for Simon 
Engineering, failed to attract 
shareholder support by Mon- 
day's first closing date. 

Acceptances were received 
from holders of 0.05 per cent 
of Simon's ordinary shares 
and 0.0S per cent of preference 
shares. The offer has been 
extended until December 29. 

Simon’s board repeated its 
advice to reject ihe £173 
'million bid. Sir David Nicol- 
son. chairman of Valuedale 
and BTR. said Valuedale was 
carefully considering its next 

"We could do something 
.’with that company.” he said. 
“I would like to use it as a base 
for building another BTR.” 

The novelty of the bid lies 
in the terms offered by 
Valuedale. which would leave 
Simon shareholders with 62 
per cent control of the com- 
pany for accepting a partial 
cash bid. 

Simon's defence document 
has attacked the buy-in terms, 
saying that the burden of 
borrowings imposed by the 
takeover would mean a loss of 
credibility with key cus- 
tomers, in addition to loss of 
important facilities for con- 
tract guarantees and Export 
Credit Guarantee Department 




■with ICE T: 

• ' r : . ; w'v \= ; ’■ T " A 


BAGS Limited 

r r: ■■■■ v • ■■ 


As you can see, some computer 
systems have withstood the pressures 
of this year better than others. 

For instance, alt gilt transfers 
passed smoothly through ICL systems 
- as they have for the past 20 years. 

Our ongoing record at BAGS (the 
largest Automated Clearing House in 
the world) really speaks for itself. 

And now in foe wake of Big Bang, 
over 60% of all equity transactions 
are settled through ICL systems. 

To achieve all this, we have not only 
helped many of foe newly formed 
financial groups make sense of their 
different types of systems, but also 
supplied many new arrivals with our 
products and services. 

Furthermore, we are currently 
bringing to foe market special com- 
pliance systems designed to provide 
foe internal safeguards required in 
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In short, not only do we have a 

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computer systems that have success- 
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banging on 

Vie should be talking to each other 



N York 14290-1.4345 
tfcxwea) 13720-15810 
Ams'CawOafil 5-12800 
BrussaCs 60.10-60.40 
C pttgm 10.3300- JC-9725 
DuttiffS 1.0576-10695 
(jsiwo 2T3JSS15.70 
MaCnd 194-00-194 45 
SBan 18S7.71K2014.15 
Osto 1O8SO0.MX9OS5 
Pans 9.4450-95110 
SUOMI 9-9330-10.0075 
; Inetna 2030-20.41 
Zurich a«37lWW5W 











2003 40-2009.10 

70J358S-1 0.8732 












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SMriMg index cunpandwiBi 1975 was nana at 888 May's naga 88.7-C9L0V 


AiuMttia austral* 1.7388-1.7389 

AunrafiadoBv 2.1524-2.1556 

Bahrain dmar 05385-Q642S 

Brazil cnaaCo* 20.894080 

Cvpnxs pound 0-7350-0.7450 

Finland nnrka — 70830-7.1230 

i drachma 20^35-204.35 




_ 0.4205-04245 
_ 071163.7171 


Ireland — 

Singapore - 
AuMraba „ 

Hong Kong dollar , 

India rapes 

haqdnar , 

Kuwait dinar KD . 
Malaysia dollar ^ 
Mexco paso. 

NowZiaafanddDfiar 2.7570-2.7738 

Saudi Arabia nyal ___ — 5^580-53900 
Singapore doBar ■■■■ 3.1370-3.1408 

Scxito Africa rand 3.1937-32176 

U AEdirhan) 524S5-S2B55 







Sweden 69650-6.9700 

Norway 7.5950-7.6000 

Denmark 7.6350-7.8400 

West Germany £02002.0210 

S w itzerlan d i .7058-1. 7066 

Natfwrfands 23825-22635 

Ranee 65125^6175 



liComm) 42.00-42.05 

Hong Kong — 7.79SO-7.7B60 

ftjrtugal 1499015030 

Spam 13555-13535 

Austria 14.19-1430 

n a tal u rap iw d by Ba w daya Bank HUt-DC and ExteL 



Clearing Banks 11 
finance House 11S5 
Discomt Market Loans % 

Overnight Wc 10% Low 10 

Treasury BBS {Discount 

Buvma Setenc 

3h 10»3! 2nSS 10 »b 

3mnSi IO^m ' 3mnth 10»'a* 


1 mnth l0°i^10»H2mnth 10 %- 10 a» 

3mnfii 10><M-10i , »6mnth 10 "w-10»tb 
T tadeBMs(Discnirt%) 

Imnair# 2 mm 11% 

3mnffi 11 *h Smntti 11 ** 

Interbank (%) 

Overnight: open 11 dose 11 

lmekll'w-ll emnfii ii%n>» 

1 mntti 11 * 1 ^ 11 % 9 mnth 11»i^11>i« 
3 mnth 11 S*- 11 ^« 12mth 11*M-na„ 

Local Aotbority Oepoxfia (%) 

2 days 10% 7 days 10% 


7 cays Pitffii 
3 mntti 6VS-8K 

7 days S4% 

3 mnth 5-4% 
French Franc 
7 days BX-6 
3 mnth 8 M <eG n n 
Swisa Franc 
7 days 1%-1% 

3 mnth 4'nH^n 

7 days «%■«% 

3 mnth 4*i»4 / ni 

1 mntti 
1 mntti 
6 mnth 
1 mnth 
1 mnth 

1 mntti 

5 1. -5*. 
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GO««S3. 75-39425 

reran, ex i 

1 mntti 10% 
Bmnth 11% 

1 mnth 11 %-liK 
Smntti 11%-11% 
Bmnth 11%-IIK 

3 mnth 11% 
I2mth 11% 

1 mnth 11%-il 
Smntti 11%-11% 
Dottai CDs (%) 

1 mntti 650-655 
6 moth 6.15-6.10 

2 mntti IT-K-11% 
Bmnth ll%-n% 
12 mth ll %-1 1 

Smntti IIK-11% 

I2mth ii%-i 1 

Smntti 655-620 
12mth 6Jto6L16 

j92.7^ (B64J5^S50 ) 


$48950 (£341 .94) 


S 5.46-5.47 (E35050-3 5200) 


FhcMIftMa Sterttng Export Finance 
retare nce rata lor 
'■ 1986 to 

rotaamtwr 26. 1986 mdushre: 11^48 per 




Three Month Staritag 

Dec 86 _L 

Mar 87 


See 87 

Dec 87 NT 

MarB8 NT 

'& total ra»n interest 15764 






Mar 87 


Sop 87 

Dec 87 

USTrsmuy Bond 

Dec 88 

Mar 87 

Jim 87 

Short oat 
Dec 86 — 


Mar 87. 

Jon 87 

Sep 87 __ 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 














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89.10 0 

8855 0 

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Pnntous day's total open Marest 4133 

99-05 98-19 98-28 2492 

— 97-31 o 

i , ' B "*&£**& 813 

88-25 96-24 96-17 



109- 23 109-'l0 

110- 08 109-08 

109-14 109-14 

16X90 If 

166.85 16550 

lintereat 22523 
^10 179 

L 16 25156 

-20 18 






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E^ r V'.T:' r *v^i3 

ish Gas holds steady at 
as Sid refuses to sell out 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

The real message of 
the British Gas issue 

By Carol Leonard 

The flurry of selling which He saw »Tf th* i™ 
id been expected in British <w .kT ^ 
as shares yesierdav - after j te « lcc . TOU ^ 

illions of small Sids received mediifm h. ??P, ■“ ^5 


faiIed 10 be adjusted upwards, possibly 
dhS°?^mo^a ste °^ B w<55&"wr had 

JS££FE? s £ 

a prize -tost week quota cutbacks from the Opec 

ZLifP'rJFS* t, Werc mee ting were oncTaSS 
edicung that the shares dashed. BP gave up 5p to 

jmd now be down to 60p or 705p. Shell a penny to 975p 
wer - were disappomied. and Briloil 2.5 d tolfoo while 
Partly-paid Bnu^i Gas Lasmo unproved by 4p to 
ares held steady at 64p, ]65p P y *** 

w° Sin8 Better-than-expected results 
™ SnS d h P ve a welcome boost to IC 
° s 5 an i s Gas » which put on lOp to 573p 
anged hands, yesterday’s and Enterprise climbed by 
mover was smdl compared 1 2. 5 p to 1 7l5p after announc- 


had been expected in British 
Gas shares yesierdav - after 
millions of small Sids received 
their allotment letters in the 
morning post — failed to 

Institutional investors who 
had hoped to mop-up a size- 
able holding in the company 
at a bargain price - Vast week 
some City experts were 
predicting that the shares 
would now be down to 60p or 
lower — were disappointed. 

The partly-paid British Gas 
shares held steady at 64p, 
unchanged from their dosing 
level the night before and even 
though 298 million shares 
changed hands, yesterday’s 
turnover was small compared 
with the figure of more than 
800 million shares when deal- 
ings first began, on Monday of 
last week. 

In contrast. City analysts 
are now saying that British 
Gas shares could creep back 
up to 70p, or higher, within 
the next couple of weeks. 

One oil analyst said: “It's 
very hard to guess what the 
small investor is going to do. 
The institutions are waiting 
on the sidelines, hoping the 
price will go lower, but if Sid 
really isn't going to sell, they'll 
have to come in and start 
buying at present levels.** 

Mr Brendan Wilders, the oil 
expert at Rowe & Pitman, the 


’ VVC-vfs'.: 


l^rrV j 

i — r'H — iTrfT" f * 1 i — r—i — 1 


• Three stockbroking 
firms — Janies CapeL 
Sheppards & Chase «nj 
Albert E Sharp — have 
upgraded their profit 
Forecasts forSTC, the 
telecommunications group, 
for the year to December 1986 
from £110 millioa to £120 
million. STC shares firmed a 
penny to 169p. 

interests of 1CI, in a £123 
million deal. 

Elsewhere, the stock market 
had a quiet day, with market- 
makers trying, without too 
much success, to mark stocks 

r *T , : — — 1 iuiwas, IV mdJt. a LUCKS 

broker, says the pnee of lower. The FT-SE 100 index 
British Gas is now hinging on opened 1.9 points lower, but 
the Opec meeting in Geneva, managed to reverse that be- 

B&C facing revolt 
by shareholders 

By Cliff FeHham ' 

British and Commonwealth offer was too low. “ We think 

fore the dose, to end the day 
0.9 higher at 1,637.9. The FT 
30 snare index closed at 

I, 279.6, down 0.7. 

Gills opened up to £14 better 
at the longer end and im- 
proved by a further £Sk at 

II. 30 am when better-than- 
ex peeled PSBR figures were 
announced. But they drifted 
back almost to overnight lev- 
els during the afternoon as 
sterling weakened. 

Among leading equities. 
Grand Metropolitan dipped 
lOp to 463p, on profit- taking 

— although market men re- 
main convinced that a “mega- 
bid” is just around the corner 

— IQ gave up Sp to 1 ,08 Ip, 
while Cable & Wireless gained 
4p to 321p and British 
Telecom 3p to 20Ip. 

Hfflsdown Holdings, the 
fast-growing food-to-mrniture 
group, firmed 3p to 221p, after 

being tipped as one of the 
“star buys” for 1987 in the 
food manufacturing sector by 
Mr David Shaw, an analyst ai 
Barclays de Zoele Wedd. 

In a 32-page review of the 
sector, which was being band- 
delivered to a number of big 
institutional fund-managers 
yesterday, Mr Shaw said the 
Hiilsdown share price was still 
depressed by the recent share 
placing. But he thinks its 
“outstanding potential for 
above-average earnings 
growth will be reflected more 
in the share price in 1987.” 

He said: “The shares, which 
should be viewed as a core 
holding, are an excellent 

Yesterday, Hiilsdown an- 
nounced that its Buxted Poul- 
try subsidiary was buying the 
Norfolk-based duckling busi- 
ness of HC Beales and SB 

Reform urged for 
South Africa 

Shipping, the financial ser- 
vices and transport group run 
by Mr John Gunn, is feeing a 
shareholder revolt in its £90 
million takeover bid for Steel 

Tam ween Holdings, a com- 
pany with extensive Middle 
East interests which controls 
25 per cent of Steel Brothers, 
says it does not intend to 
accept the offer. 

B&C already owns 45 per 
cent of Steel Brothers — it has 
food and catering interests 
and a lime and aggregates 
quarrying business — ana its 
terras, worth 630p a share in 
cash, have the backing of the 
independent directors 

But last night Mr Gilbert 
Gargour, whose family con- 
trol Tam ween, claimed the 

rejects gold 
mine tax 

By Richard Lander 

After months of delibera- 
tion the Australian govern- 
ment has decided not to tax 
the country’s gold mines, 
which have been exempt for 
more than 50 years. 

The decision apparently 
overturns a recommendation 
of an unreleased independent 
report which the government 
has been studying since 

.Although it came as no 
surprise after a sustained 
lobbying campaign against the 
tax by the mining companies, 
trade unions and the govern- 
ment of Western Australia, 
which contains many of the 
country's mines, the derision 
lifted share prices. The Austra- 
lian gold share index rose by 
42.4 points to 1,661.8. 

Another factor in the de- 
cision was probably the wan- 
ing popularity of Mr Bob 
Hawke's Labour administra- 
tion before the general elec- 
tion within the next 15 

“The government would 
have been committing politi- 
cal suicide had it introduced 
the tax,” said one Australian 
mining analyst 

Australian gold output 
more than trebled between 
1981 and 1985, and it is 
expected to almost double by 

that £7 a share isa much more 
realistic price and we fail to 
understand how the directors 
have come to recommend the 
present offer. A year ago we 
suggested we might be pre- 
pared to bid 650p a share and 
within the last month a UK 
public company said it was 
prepared to offer £7.” 

Mr Gargour said he planned 
to approach other sbarehold- 
ere, in particular the. three 
institutions thought to speak 
for 10 per cent of the Steel 
Brothers equity, to uige them 
to reject the offer. 

A spokesman for B and C 
said : “ If Mr Gaigour rejects 
the offer and stays in it will not 
make it easy to alleviate the 
severe tax problems feeing 
Steel Brothers.” 

The Overseas Development 
Institute argues that to in- 
crease sanctions against South 
Africa would remind it that it 
has to negotiate political re- 
form to attain high and 
sustainable economic growth. 

Even without further sanc- 
tions, low international mid 
domestic confidence are set to 
interact This would reduce 
rates of economic growth and 
increase unemployment, the 
ODI, an independent research 
organization, says in a paper 
published today. 

Effective sanctions would 
contribute to this process by 
increasing domestic costs, 
limiting access to foreign ex- 
change, and deepening pessi- 
mism about the country's 
medium-term prospects. 

The ODI adds: “South AT 

By Teresa Poole 

rica is particularly vulnerable 
to two key types of sanction: 
restrictions on access to for- 
eign finance, and actions 
aimed at initiating a substan- 
tial fell in the price of gold.” 

So far, action taken by 
foreign banks to prevent the 
country's access to foreign 
finance has had the most 
significant effect on the econ- 
omy. In contrast, the effects of 
mostly voluntary bans on new 
investment are likely to be ! 
only minimal , the ODI says. 

On unemployment, the 
ODI says the direct effect of 
sanctions on the poorest 
groups, overwhelmingly 
black, will be minimal because 
they are already unemployed 
or living outride die cash 

Vincent for £3 million, bring- 
ing its total number of ac- 
quisitions this year to more 
than 40. 

Mr Shaw's other “star buy" 
for next year is Freshbake 
Foods, which is quoted on the 
Unlisted Securities Market. 
He predicts earnings growth 
well above the sector average 
for the next two to three years 
and says that the recent fell in 
the share price, brought about 
by its rights issue, gives a good 
buying opportunity. 
Freshbake nos a penny easier 
at I08p. 

Also rated as “buys" are 
Unigate, I p better at 3! 4p and 
United Biscmts, lp down at 

Arana and Northern Foods 
are lipped as longer-term 
“buys,” but investors are ad- 

• Glaxo shares jumped 
31 p to 1008p ahead of a 
presentation on Friday to 
the British Pharmacological 
Society of a new drug 
known as CRX-380-32S. The 
drug is thought to be 
suitable for the treatment of 
schizophrenia, anxiety and 
the prevention of sickness in 
cancer treatments. 

vised to lighten their loads in 
AB Foods, Cadbury 
Schweppes and Dalgety. 

Pnkington Brothers, the 
glass manufacturer, slipped 
back 2p to 638p, when the 
talked-of increased offer from 
BTR failed to materialize. 
BTR’s first offer closed at 3 
pm yesterday and the level of 
acceptances will be an- 
nounced later today. 

The offer is expected to be 
extended for a further two 
weeks and although it is 
possible that BTR may in- 
I crease its offer today, it is 
thought more likely that it will 
wait until closer to its final 
deadline before launching 
what it hopes will be a “knock- 
out” offer. BTR shares eased 
4p to 271p. 

Warburg Securities, which 
owns Rowe & Pitman, 
Pilkington's broker, revealed 
yesterday that it had picked up 
2.75 million Pilldngton shares 
in the market paying between 
630p and 635p a share. 

Ward White, the other big 
predator of the moment was 
back in the market yesterday 
trying to buy LCP shares. It 
managed to buy a few, but its 
advisers say its holding is still 
at about the.43 per cent leveL 
The bid, woilh £175 million, 
with a 200p cash alternative, 
closes on December 27. LCP 
shares were unchanged at 
197p, while Ward White lost 
8p to 276p. 

The second phase in the life of British 
Gas shares is now underway, with the 
despatch on Monday of allotment 
letters to individuals. Although it was 
not impossible for them to sell any or 
all the shares they were expecting to 
receive as soon as official dealings 
began last week, the great majority 
will have waited until this week and 
“proof" that they actually had shares 
before selling. There may be a wave of 
■ small selling — a 25 per cent plus 
capital profit is there for the taking, 
Christmas is an expensive time, 
borrowing to take up shares has to be 
repaid — but it will not be tidal; and 
however strong the wave is, demand 
for British Gas stock promises to 
absorb it without damage to the price. 

The new supporting factor in the 
equation is a rising oilprice in which 
belief is growing. This will strengthen 
the arm of American and Japanese 
investment houses which bought 
substantia] blocks in the belief that 
they could market the shares in one of 
the biggest corporations in the world 
operating in energy, making consid- 
erable, and understated, profits and 
offering, certainly by Japanese stan- 
dards, a generous return. 

The British Gas flotation is a 
remarkable success, probably the best 
judged issue of its kind so far. 
Although the issue did not attract the 
staggering oversubscription the 
promoters were forecasting, the re- 
sponse has to be seen in the context of 
the size of the issue and the price. In 
the event, the pricing has proved 
expertly balanced — low enough to 
bring people in in sufficient numbers 
but not so low that the Government 
and its advisers can be accused of 
“giving away" the nation’s assets for 
speculators' benefit and party political 
gain. At a price of 130p, the Govern- 
ment would have been accused of 
buying votes; at 135p, it went for the 
money (£5.6 billion) — and still 
succeeded in persuading one in six 
households winch have gas to have a 
share in British Gas. Even after the 
launching of British Telecom no one 
would have staked his professional 
reputation, let alone his shirt, by 
predicting success on this scale. 

This is true of Tory politicians and 
the City. Although both have paid lip 
service to privatization and wider, 
shareholding, neither seriously be- 
lieved that public attitudes and behav- 
iour could be radically changed, 
certainly not as rapidly as they have 

Capitalism in our time is one of Mrs 
Thatcher's greatest achievements; she 
would do well to bring it into much 
shaiper focus. It may not be too late in 
this Parliament to have a minister for 
privatization, who not only believes 
totally in the cause of wider 
shareholding but understands that 

privatization issues have two signifi- 
cant advantages: 

1 They are first issues and for that rea- 
son they cut through the widespread 
public notion that City slickers are 
solely concerned to make a fast buck 
out of the ignorant and the innocent. 

2 If they are properly constructed 
privatization issues offer the sort of 
good savings deal to first time buyers 
the public is looking for. 

British Gas is undoubtedly a pro- 
fessional triumph for NM Rothschild, 
financial adviser to the Government 
on BG. After advising Hanson in its 
successful bid for Imperial Group and 
Woolworth in its successful defence 
against Dixons, NMR must be favour- 
ite for merchant bank of the year. 

NMR , incidentally, denies that “it 
spoke to a single institution” with a 
view to pumping up applications for 
the shares, initially 1,615 million, 
earmarked for the general public. 
Applications for less than 5,000 shares 
were enough to cover the offer to the 
general public twice and thus trigger 
the clawback of shares from the 1,615 
million initially allotted to “certain 
institutional investors.” Of the 2,579 
million shares finally allotted to the 
general public, only 71 million went to 
applicants for 100,000 or more, and 
not all of them were institutions. The 
biggest application was for 40 milli on 
and there were three for 20 milli on. 

Rothschild, where Michael 
Richardson and Tony Ait led the 
team, demonstrated a poker player’s 
skill in refining the BG underwriters' 

Tarnished gilt 

The 27 gilt market-makers were as 
one at shortly after 11.30 yesterday 
morning, when they raised prices by 
about half a point in response to the 
public sector borrowing figures. But 
once again, a decided lack of retail 
interest, partly due to Opec's long 
winded deliberations in Geneva, left 
prices well down on the day. 

The new gilt market is showing 
itself to be a rather slothful beast, 
failing to respond to even the juiciest 
carrots. The November borrowing 
figures, showing a £56 million PSBR 
against market expectations of up to 
£1 billion, guarantee a second 
successive undershoot 

No net gilt sales are needed for the 
remainder of the financial year to 
cover a PSBR that looks likely to 
come out nearer to £5 billion than £7 
billion. Gross sales need average no 
more than £400 million a month. 

The market, as opposed to the 
market-makers, is showing a tendency 
to respond only to the bad news. At a 
time when the balance of the evidence 
is moving to the view that the next 
move in -interest rates will be down- 
wards, that may be a mistake. 

Hong Kong’s big two avoid 
disclosing Sir Y-K’s stake 

By Stephen Leather 
Hong Kong 

Two of Hong Kong's biggest 
companies produced record 
interim results yesterday, but 
managed to conceal the extent 
to which they are controlled 
by shipping magnate Sir Yue- 
Kong Pao. 

Wharf (Holdings), the prop- 
erty, retailing, transport and 
hotel group, announced prof- 
its after tax up 31 per cent to 
HK53962 million (£35 mil- 
lion) and an interim dividend 
up from 7.7 cents to 9 cents for 
the six months to September 

World International, which 
controls Wharf via a 40.1 per 
cent stake, produced half-time 
profits after tax up 29.9 per 
cent at HK$ 137.6 mflhon. An 
interim dividend, increased 
from 3 cents to 3.5 cents, was 

Sir Yue-Kong is known to 
have big stakes in both firms 
but he has avoided recent 
legislation requiring directors 
to disclose their holdings by 
giving up his seats on the 

And yesterday his son-in- 
law, Mr Peter Woo, who is 
chairman of both companies, 
was reluctant to reveal the size 
of Sir Y-K’s holding. “You 


pi* 3 " 

Sir Yue-Kong Pao: corporate restructuring to reduce debt 

must ask him,” said Mr Woo. 
“For me to comment would 
be unfair to him and myself 
There are certain disclosure 
rules and these are being 
followed strictly ” 

Earlier this month Sir Y-K 
and his wife sold 100 million 
shares in World International, 
raising HK5360 million and 
prompting speculation that he 
intended to use the cash to 
increase his stake in Standard 
Chartered Bank, where he is 
deputy chairman. 

Wharf was in “a very strong 

finan cial position,” Mr Woo 
said, with its property port- 
folio performing well 

The famous Star Ferry is 
struggling with competition 
from the cross-harbour tunnel 
and Wharf is increasing the 
feres by 10 cents, to 80 cents 
(7p) for first class and 60 cents 
(Sttp) for second class. 

Last time Wharf increased 
hs ferry charges 20 years ago, a 
5 cent rise sent a mob ram pag- 
ing through Kowloon burning 
buses and ransacking buil- 

Yesterday the two com- 
panies also announced a cor- 
porate restructuring that will 
transfer Wharfs stores, trad- 
ing and hotel management 
interests to Worldwide few at 
least HKS450 million. 

Mr Woo said the deal would 
mean a profit of HKS100 
million for Wharf and would 
release valuable board time. 

The assets being sold 
formed part of the Wheelock 
Maiden group which Sir Y-K 
bought from Allied Investors 
in May last year after a hard 
takeover battle with Tan Sri 
Khoo Teck Puat, the Malay- 
sian financier. 

Wharf kept the cash and 
property and tried to find a 
buyer for the Lane Crawford 
stores, trading companies and 
the Marco Polo hotel manage- 
ment firm. 

“We tried to dispose of it 
piece by piece but it wasn't an 
easy transaction,” said Mr 
Woo. “Too much board time 
was being sprat on it. But the 
World side will be able to use 
it as the basis for expansion.” 

The transfer will take effect 
on April 1 next year. 

“The cash proceeds will be 
used to reduce the liabilities 
on our books.” said Mr Woo. 
Wharfs net debt stands at 
about HK$ 1 billion, he said. 


quote for 

Anglo American Corpora- 
tion, the South African mining 
and industrial conglomerate, 
is to obtain a listing for its 
Australian interests through a 
reverse takeover of a local 
engineering and metals group* 
Bou st ea d Promet Australia. 

In a complex deal. Anglo 
American Australia (AAA) 
will inject assets worth mom 
than AusSlOO million (£40.#- 
million), mainly gold mining 
operations and a metal trading 
subsidiary, in return for a 49 
per cent stake m Boustead 
which can be increased 
through a five-year option 
over further shares. 

AAA’s main gold operation 
is a 40 per cent stake in the 
Mount Morgan tailings opera- 
tion in Queensland, operated 
jointly with the Peko- 
Wallsend raining group. 

• CAFFYNS: Half-year to Sept. 
30. Interim payment 3-2p (22p). 
Turnover £56.1 million (54.66 
million). Pretax profit £741,000 
(£255,000). Ehmings per share 
19.6p (4.9p). 

INGS): Six months to Sept. 30. 

1 Interim dividend 3.75p (same). 
Turnover £24.07 million 
(£16.84 million). Pretax profit 
£545,000 (£411,000). Earnings 
per share 1 Ip (7.64p). Overall, 
the company continues to make 
healthy progress, while 
strengthening its trading pos- 
ition in all sectors, especially its 
borne bases. 

• WEIR GROUPS The group 
has agreed to sell its offshoot, 
Wciriiam, to La Societe 
AJstbom for about £10 million 
in cash. Weiritam’s main asset is 
a 35 per cent shareholding in 
Deias-Weir. which specializes in 
the d eyg " and installation of 
heai-cxchange equipment for 
the French power-generation 

dividend 3? (2.75p). Turnover 
for the six months to Sept 30 

£5.96 million (£5.37 million). 
Pretax profit £3.81 million (£2.4 
million). Earnings per share 
(weighted average) 19.38p 
(I5.66p). A valuation of tire 
residential land-bank hay gen- 
erated a surplus of £5.6 million, 
the board reports. Assets per 
ordinary share have increased to 

• PLYSU: The company is 
reporting for the 28 weeks to 
Oct 1 !. Interim dividend 0.65p 
(0.53p). Turnover £19.52 mil- 
lion (£l8J3 million). Pretax 

K *“l £2.7 million (£2.3 mil- 
Eamings per share 4.86p 
(3.82p). Plysu has purchased an' 
80,000 sq ft factory, on a site of 
about 17 acres, a few miles from 
Rochdale, Lancashire. The 
board looks forward to 
maintaining the current rate of 

• BSS GROUP: Half-year to 
SepL 30. Interim dividend 
raised to 32p (2.75p), payable 
on Jan. 22. Turnover £39.62 
million (£37.9 million). Pretax 
profit £3 million (£255 million), 
bantings per share 13p (10.4p). 
The board remains confident 

about the outcome of the year as 
a wholes 

Half-year to SepL 30. Turnover 
£2.2o million (£2.23 million). 
Pretax profit £100,291 
(£80,172). Earnings per share 
1.74o (1 J9p). The currant year 
has begun well and the introduc- 
tion of> new machinery has 
started to show a marked 
improvement in every sphere of 
operation. The board proposes 
to change the company's name 
to either British & Overseas 
Holdings or Wentworth Inter- 
national Group. 

• PLAXTONS (GB): Total 
dividend unchanged at 4.3p for 
the year to SepL 28. Turnover 
£36.94 million (£3131 million). 
Pretax profit £732,000 (£1.3! 
million). Earnings per share 
42p (6.1p). The sale of the 
Seamer Road site will result in 
an extraordinary profit of about 
£1.4 million this year. Ptaxtons 
is to acquire Kirkby Central 
Group, a poach distributor and a 
genera) motor-dealing group, for 
£5.3 million in shares and £32 
million in ensh- 

MENTS: Pretax profit on or- 
dinary activities of £35,783 for 
the year to April 30, following 
losses last year of £2.09 million 
and the reconstruction of the 
group. However, after tax and 

made a loss of £1.26 million 
Goss £5.47 million). Sir Monty 
Hnniston, the chairman, reports 
that the company finished the 
year with its financial position 
greatly improved. 

• FERRANTI: Hie company 
has bought Universal Sonar for 
412,373 ordinary shares. 
Universal makes underwater 
acoustic transducers and arrays 
for defence applications, etc. 

• REUTERS: The company 
has bought Finsbury Data Ser- 
vices for £8.4 million in cash 
and 397,208 new “B" ordinary 
(limited voting) shares of lOp 

Half-year to Sept 30, 1986, 
compared with the eight months 
to SepL 30. 1985. Pretax profit 
£79,000 (£163,000). Earnings 
per share L28p (2.48p). 

beat aid 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

Tribute to the generosity of 
lending nations in beating the 
target for additional aid to 
developing countries through 
the International Develop- 
ment Association has been 
paid by Mr Moeen Qureshi, 
the World Bank's senior vice- 
president for finance. 

The target was $12 billion, 
and (he sum raised through 
IDA - the World Bank's 
affiliate for concessional lend- 
ing — in its Eighth Replenish- 
ment was $12.4 billion. The 
last replenishment was $9 

Mr Qureshi said that the 
agreement was “a break- 
through for the poorest 
developing countries and is 
especially significant in the 
tight of severe budget con- 
straints of the industrial coun- 
try donors and the economic 
difficulties faced by develop- 
ing country donors.” 

Twelve countries — Austria, 
Canada, Denmark, Finland, 
France, Italy, Korea, the 
Netherlands, New Zealand, 
Norway, Spain and Sweden — 
increased their contribution to 
the basic IDA replenishment 
of $11.5 billion. 

In addition six countries, 
including Britain, made addi- 
tional special contributions, 
while Switzerland, although 
not a member ofIDA, contrib- 
uted an untied grant of $165 
million. This took the special 
contribution to $897 million, 
and the total replenishment to 
$12.4 billion. 

The main issue which held 
up the agreement was the 
question of an increased 
shareholding in the World 
Bank for Japan — a condition 
of Japan's increased 

The United Slates finally 
agreed to this increased 
shareholding. As a result 
Japan's contribution to the 
replenishment totalled $16 
billion, just behind the US 
contribution of $2,875 billion. 

Germany contributed 
$1,372 billion, France $839 
million and Britain $785 



ABN 11.00% 

Adam & Company 11.00% 

BCCI 11.00% 

Citibank Savings! 12.46% 

Consolidated Crds 11.00% 

Co-operative Bank 11.00% 

C. Hoare & Co 11.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 1.00% 

Uoyds Bank ^ 11.00% 

Nat Westminster 11.00% 

Royal Bank of Scotland 11.00% 

TSB 11.00% 

Citibank NA 11.00% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 



001-236 1330 

si] ui Jtftiil 

031-226 5445 

Saw Spm. 7 DAYS A WEEK 




National Association 
of Unsecured Creditors 

17 Southampton Place. London WC1A 2 EH 

This Association has been established to. 

■ Promote an entirely new commercial philosophy 

■ Represent me views ol those huejely diverse minorities, the 
suppliers Jo industry and commerce 

■ To weld mem into me largest and mosi powerful voice within 
the financial Establishment 

■ In a practical manner to produce with the co-operation ol all 
members, the largest, totally factual most comprehensive 
credit reference database in tbe UK 


For an application form and complimentary copy ol 

The Creditor magazine write to the above address or 
telephone: 0704-44484 Telex: 677256 


For latest prices dial 100 for 


Or phone 01-925 0006 or Nottingham (0602) 47613a 
Open for dealing seven days this week, 9am to 9pm. 
Ask for our complimentary British Gas 
“How to Deal" 

Information Sheet 










200 K 5 11 18 17ft 20 
220 K m Sf 3SW 36» 37 







































































Lana Sec 

Shall Trara 

Series Dk Iter Am Ok Mar Jun 

Metal Box names 
managing director 

Metal Box: Mr Moray be commercial director. He 
Stmt is appointed group willsucceed Mr AE Swaisland 
managing director. Mr Alex who is leaving die group and 
Watson has been made a win be resigning as a director 
director and becomes a mem- on December 31. 
ber of the executive group. ASDA: Mr BOl Bailey has 
Payne & Gunter Mr Roger been appointed to the board as' 
de Pukyngton becomes sales non-rood trading director in 
director. . place of Mr Gerry KiUarney. 

Quadrex Securities: Mr J Mr Geoff Street becomes 
Michael Galbraith is to be merchandising and develop- 
director, in charge of sales. In ment director and Mr Paul 
the sales and trading depart- Dowling corporate marketing 
ment, Mr Armando lippidlo director, 
and Mr Clive Stacked are Allied Dunbar: Mr Krith 
both to become assistant man- Carby has joined the board, 
ager, sales. Mr Marc Narbcth 
is to be assistant manager, 
convertibles. Mr Robot Coo- 
per will be assistant manager 
in the settlements department. 

All these promotions will take 
effect from January 1. 

Barratt Retail: Mr Robot 
Adams becomes chairman. 

Mr Stuart Gay, Mr Gary 
Thorn ey cro ft, Mr Derek 
Cottrell and Mr David Patrick 
become directors. 

GrandMet USA: Mr Ian 
Martin will become chairman 
and chief executive officer on 
the retirement of Mr Jon Old 
at the end of this month. 

Gallaher Tobacco: Mr G iwr. 

Henderson and Mr JR Taylor pPff fadugiw-M. 

have joined the board. J ®*. Snuft bepomes vk»- 

Electrocomponents: Dr 
Keith Bright and Mr Ray 

Horrocks have become non- JJJJJ 8 . presidcnt *° m Fteb_ 
executive directors. , _ 

Dflcambflr 16, 198& Tottd contacts 51675 . Cola 40233. Puts 11442. 

FT-SE Max. Crite7H2 . PntelSS 

-Underlying security price. 

Gerry Musgrave 

Siemens Ltd: Professor 
Gerald Mnsgrave is now a 
non-executive director. 

Haden Group: Mr Richard 
Taylor has been made a main- 
board director. 

Cussans Property Group: 
Mr Afausdair Mackenzie is to 

Joe Smith 

Capitol Industries-EML Mr 
Joe Smith becomes vice- 
chairman and chief executive 
and Mr David Berman be- 
comes president from Feb- 
ruary l. 

Drummond Group: Mr An- 
thony Vice has been appointed 
a nonexecutive director. 

London Association for the 
Blind: Mr Peter Holland be- 
comes director on January 1 
in succession to Mr Graham 
Entwistle, who is retiring. 

The Really Useful Group: 
Mr Keith Turner and Mr 
Michael Sydney-Smith are to 
be main-board executive 
directors. Mr Turner lakes up 
his post on February 1. Mr 
Sydney-Smith’s appointment 
is effective immediately. 

Sirius Insurance (Company 
(UK): Mr L Wesslan has 
become a director and wiD be 
flhairman from January I. Mir 
LH Thunell and Mr AJ 
Webber are now directors. 

Goddard Kay Rogers and 
Associates: Mr Pul Ba- 
chanan-Barrow and Mr Pul 
Turner join the board. 




An All-Out Capital Growth Investment for Y>u 

F RAMLINGTON European Fund aims 
for maximum capita] growth through 
investment in shares quoted on the 
principal European stock markets. 

Europe is now one of the most popular 
areas for investment. But it is a diverse and 
complex marker: for investment success strong 
links wirh the continent sue highly desirable. 
Framlington s are with Credit Commercial de 
France, enabling us to combine CCF s expertise 
and knowledge of the European market with 
our own eminently effective approach to long 
term capital growth. 

Our special style is to concentrate on smaller 
companies and try to identify those with really 
good growth prospects before the rest of the 
market recognises their promise, aiming for 
exceptional capital growth performance. 

The manager of the fund is Philippe Herault. who 
has been seconded from Credit Commercial de 
France. He is our link into CCF s research, while 
working in London with the other Framlington 
fund managers. 

The fund has a bias towards smaller com- 
panies: it is. for example, authorised to invest 
in the French Serowi/ Mtirclui. 

The geographical split of the fund is currently 
os follows: 

France 27 per cent 

Germany 27 percent 

Netherlands H percent 
Switzerland 1 3 per cent 

Spain 10 per cent 

Belgium 5 percent 

Sweden 2 per cent 

Others 1 percent 


European Fund was launched in February at 
50. Op per unit. By 1st December the offer price 
of units had risen 44 per cent to 72.0p per unit. 
The estimated gross yield was 0.80 per cent. 

Oil on offer-to-bid basis the rise has been 
56.4 per cent in 2S7 days. This is an excellent 

result, reflecting both the strength of European 
markets during the period and the skill of the 
manager But it should not be used to predict 
future performance. 

Investors should regard all unit trust invest- 
ment as long term. They are reminded that the 
price of units and the income from them can go 
down as well as up. 

You can make a lump sum investment simply 
by completing the form below and sending it 
to us with your cheque. Units are allocated at 
the price ruling when we receive your order, 
rounded up in your favour to the nearest whole 
unit. The minimum investment fora lump sum 
is £500. There is a discount of 1 per cenr for 
investments of £10.000 or more. 


S tarting a monthly savings plan is 
equally easy. The minimum is £20 
per month, with a discount of 1 per 
cent for contributions of £100 or 
more. Accumulation units are used and are 
allocated at the price ruling on the 5th of 
each month. To scan your plan, complete the 
application and send it with your cheque for 
the first contribution. Subsequent contribu- 
tions are by the direct debit mandate which 
we shall send to you for your signature. 

Until 18th February 1987 you may use a British Gas letter 
of acceptance as pan of your remittance. Your shares will 
be sold free of commission at the price ruling when the 
renounced letter is received and the proceeds osed to buy 
units. You should complete the application form leaving 
the amount to be invested blank ami send it together with 
your signed British Gas letter of acceptance and any 
cheque. Remember that the minimum lump sum invest- 
ment is £500. Your first contribution to a savings plan 
can be any amount. 

Applications will be acknowledged: certificates for 
lump-sum investments will be sent by the registrars. 
Lloyds Bank Pic. normally within 42 day?.. 

The minimum initial investment is £500. Units may 
be bought and sold daily Prices and yields are published 
daily in leading newspapers. When units are sold back to 
the managers payment is normally made within 7 days of 
receipt of the renounced certificate. Savings plans can 
be cashed in at any time; 

Income net of basic rate tax is distributed to holders 
of mcoruc units annually on 15 July: 

The annual charge is 1% I + VAT) of the value of the 
fund. The initial charge, which is included in the offer 
price, is 57o. 

Commission is paid to qualified intermediaries at the 
rare of I*4%< + VATl. but not on savings plans. 

The trust is an authorised unit trust constituted by 
Trust Deed. It ranks as a wider range security under the 
Trustee Investments Act 1961. The Trustee is Lloyds 
Bank Pic. The managers are Framlington Unit 
Management Limited. 3 London Wall Buildings. 
London EC2M 5NQ. Telephone 01-628 5181. 
Telex 8812599. Registered in England No 895241. 
Member of the Unit Truss Association. 

This offer is not open to residents of the Republic of 



I wish to invest 


in Framlmston European Fund 

i minimum' £500 1 

1 wish to stan a Monthly Savings Plan for 

in Framlington European Fund 
(minimum £20) 

I enclose my cheque payable to Framlington Unit I enclose my cheque-tor £ 

tor my first 

Mjnaaemcnt Limited. I am over IS. For accumulation contribution r this can be for a larger amount than 

units in which income is reinvested tick here □ 

Surname (Mr Mrs Miss-Titlei 

Full first namelsi 

tout monthly payment*. I am over IS. 


i Jon'! JwnlJut! siarjiiJ ;f eicaswrt , ,A-.vr/r ; 1 


tourist slump takes toll 

The full extent of the prob- 
lems besetting Scottish & 
Newcastle Breweries’ hotels 
because of. the dearth of 
American tourists in Britain 
in the summer was brought 
home to the market yes- 
terday. The fact that trade 
had suffered was well -flagged, 
but analysts hoped that prof- 
its would have been 


However, they were dis- 
appointed. The hotels' oper- 
ating profits were £3 milli on 
below last year’s first half 
rather than £2 million higher 
as had been originally bud- 
geted. It will be difficult for 
S&N to make up lost ground 
in the second half, which is 
seasonally weaker. . But 
growth should resume in 

A breakdown of the busi- 
ness is not given at the 
interim stage, bur draught 
beer sales were down along 
with the rest of the industry. 
However, S&N has a well- 
established position in the 
take-home market, which ac- 
counts for a fifth of the total 
beer business. 

The newly-acquired Home 
Brewery brings with it about 
450 public houses and a 
strong regional position in 
Nottinghamshire. These are 
attractions in themselves, but 
S&N will also benefit from 
cost savings as Home Brew- 
ery makes the transition from 
private to public company. 
The pretax contribution from 
Home Brewery for the 
remainder of this year should 
be abont £3 million, but it 
could treble next year. 

As one might imagine,. 
S&N is coy about discussing* 
the future of its 29.9 per cent 
stake in Matthew Brown. It is 
now free to bid agin, but it 
may be wise to wait until the 
froth in- the Matthew Brown 
price has settled Other cor- 
porate ambitions are likely to 
focus on businesses with cash 
generative features which 
would complement the cash- 
hungry nature of the rest of 
the group. 

For this year S&N ought to 
make £85 million — and the 
£100 milli on barrier is there 
to be broken next year. There 
is minimal earnings growth 
this year although the pros- 
pects for next are better. 

Barring takeover specula- 
tion, the. shares- remain 
expensive compared to the 
other majors in the sector. 




Mr Lewis Robertson admits 
be is not out to capture a 
glamour rating for Triples, 
his. engineering and building 
components company. 

But, Mr Robertson, 
brought in as chairman three 
years ago to rescue the busi- 
ness from certain disaster, 
will settle for Triplex being 
tagged a growth stock. - 

Judging from yesterday's 
half-time results, he is un- 
likely to be disappointed 
Triplex reported pretax prof- 
its of £807,000, up 80 per cent 
on the £440,000 made in the 
same period last year, and 
announced its first interim 
dividend for seven years. 

For the whole of last year 
Triplex made £1.2 million 
and most of its growing band 
of followers in- the City expect 
that figure to be almost 
doubled this time. 

If there are disappoint- 
ments, they centre on the 
company's failure to make a 
sizeable acquisition. But this 
could be rectified soon. 

A flurry of small deals have 
been made, financed from the 
proceeds of the last rights 
issue,' but a big takeover — 
perhaps of about £12 million 
against Triplex's own capital- 
ization of £17 million — 
should not be ruled ouL 

Triplex is keen to reinforce 
its building components di- 
vision, emerging as the main 
profit centre, with quality 
engineering businesses high 
on its shopping list 

Enterprise Oil 

Enterprise has always been 
seen as rate of tire long-term 
players in the independent oil 

However, it needed a deal, 
like yesterday’s to prevent a 
significant slide in produc- 

tion and cash flow before the 
early 1990s, and to .minimize 
building up debt through the 
development of some of its 
major projects, such as the 
Milter and Arbroath oil fields 
and the Ravenspurn gas field. 

In addition to doubling its 
oil production and cash now 
in 1987, the acquisition gives 
Enterprise an interest in the 
Amethyst gas field some 
exploration acreage, includ- 
ing a toehold overseas and 
£25 mill i on of working 

Without such a deal, prof- 
its at Enterprise would have 
been of the order of £ 18-£20 
million in 1987, according to 
Paul Gregory, oil analyst at 
Wood Mackenzie, the stock- 
brokers. With the deal, prof- 
its will be nearer £40 million. 

The injection of £25 mil- 
lion working capital means 
that the combined entity will 
have no net debt and if It 
makes no more acquisitions, 
it should- not need to borrow 
until the end of 1988. 

Indeed, Enterprise might 
feel tempted to make a lew 
disposals of its own. Nlnian, 
one of the earliest fields to be 
developed in the North Sea, 
is very low cost, and therefore 
a high tax paying field Enter- 
prise now has more tax 
shelter than it can use and it 
may decide to realize the tax 
benefit by selling some of its 
smaller interests 

IC1 meanwhile, with its 25 
per cent interest in Enter- 
prise, retains an option on the 
oil price. It also receives a 
secure yield and a marketable 

Even Lasmo gets a treat Its 
30 per cent interest in Enter- 
prise is watered down to 
about 22 per cent but it will 
be able to consolidate sub- 
stantially greater earnings 
next year. 

BAA pic (formerly 
British Airports Authority). 

Statement of results for the half year ended 
30th September 1986 (unaudited). 

Thromal PasscfJgrrs (uuIBora) 

Current Cost Information 
Revenue - 
Operating Com 

Operating Profit 

Profit be&relaxKian ' 

Profit ob Ordinary Acxfrrftiei 
Encmdourv Irenas 

Profit for die Period 

Historic Cost Information 

Operating Costs 

O peratin g Profit 


Profit before "Potation 


Profit on OnBmiy 
Act Mt i w i to Twati w i 
Extraidnurv fena 

Profit for the Period 

Six Months to 


30th September 

' Months 






534 • 






168 144 

94 95 

P) (5) 

89 90 

(39> (57) 

£fn X™ 
262 239 

149 122 

113 117 

P) P) 

108 \12 
(39) (57) 

69 55 

1. On 1st August 1986. die 
business, assets, liabilities, 
results and obligations of dk' 
British Airports Authorin' 
(BAA) wane transferred to BAA 
pic and its nibsxliarm. The 

fa* lour months of die results 
tor the ax months ended 30th 
. Sttfianbcr 1986. therefore 
relate to BAA. 

2. The principal reason' for the 
difference between the CCA 
and the HCA operating pro lit 
b the charge for depreciation 
which for the six months to 
30th September W8j6m respect 
of the CCA results is /"44m 
f^Mni): HCA remits £!5jn 
©8m). The charge for depre- 
dation for the 12 months to 
3 la March 1986 ms CCA 
£80rm HCA &7m. 

3. This statement has been pre- 
pared in accordance with 
acoounnag politics used in 
die statutory ttnonctal state- 
ments for the rear ended 31sr 
Match W86. 

4. Taxation has been provided at 
36* (1985 40» being the cat- 
mated rtieciivc rare for the foil 
wan The charge for the period 
to 31st March 1986 reflects the 
re- appraisal of defined tax- 
ation provisions following the 
pension of'SSAP No. 15. 


In the Annual Report for 1985/6, 1 indicated that BAA was experiencing a 
marked decline in tbegrowth of traffic following increased terrorist activity and the incidents 
in Libya and CbemobyL In the first six months of this financial year US traffic was down 
17% on die same period last yean domestic routes saw a slight fail and European scheduled 
traffic remained at summer 1985 levels. There was, however; strong growth in the outbound 
holiday market, which increased by 20%. The wide variation in types of traffic and the 
spread of routes at BAA& airaons resulted in a L5% overall increase in passenger numbers 
over last yean Figures for the months of October and November also indicate an 
encouraging recowry. 

The results of these conaasrinz markets mmlain rehv ■ l 

their higher proportion of leisure traffic grew by 8% and 19% respectively while Heathrow 
saw a drop t»f 3%. Aberdeen experienced problems arising fiorn the down’etim in oil activity 

and passenger traffic fell by m. Air transport movements increased by 0.8%, reflecting the 

Slower Hiti Villi m nassnwrr trmaml fjron r nmwra ntiv n»« Li* ,1 20# & 

. - - . . - # . « WU4UU.1U61 Un-UIIKT, pdlUCUUriY 

tom tax hire sales. Operating costs for die six months rose by /245m largely because of 
the introduction °t HeatfarowJTerminal 4, which opened on 1st April 1986, and very hich 
MCTiicy standards. However; firm management action to broil costs in response to the' 
dedme certain markets rasuredrfut these increases were kept to the minimum. 

CCA operating profit at was only slightly lower than for the correspond™ 

kfjff sndwith interest charges, the profit before tat at /88.6m was down bv 
Tnc HCA {row before tax for the same rwriod was /l08-3m?1985 /llZOmL This 
resuk refleos crnKiderablc credit on all our staff who copedat the same thrar with the 
evolution or the Company structure. ' 

Provided the recent traffic recovery is sustained, the "EJ JE A - 

profit .for the year should be broadly comparable with il */~\ Wm 

last year. sir norman iwnecbef.eo*- t!w mm m 









II w 

For the 

^months to 30 Sept 


pmber. _ 



Group earnings 




Earnings per stock unit 




\ Dividend per stock unit 



/ Calor 

^ Pre-tax profits 



Compared with the same period last year; ICGas 
Group earnings have more than doubled: our interim 
results show an increase from £6.7 million to £14.7 million. 

Earnings per stock unit have more than doubled, 
from 5.05p to lL03p and the interim dividend is up 
from 6.25p to 8.00p per stock unit. 

Fuel for these outstanding results has been 
provided by Calor Gas, where pre-tax profits are up 
from £0.8 million to £16.2 million. 

Nobody could be more familiar with the reasons 
for this remarkable performance than ICGas, since 
Calor has been the focus of careful but imaginative 
development over the last five years. 

Calor has always been market leader in the 
traditional gas cylinder market, but now we’re matching 
this by making rapid headway in delivering bulk supplies 
to light industry and the domestic central heating market. 

(And with 2.5 million homes still not connected 
to mains gas, the future looks decidedly rosy) 

Further reasons to be confident about the future 
lie underground: in massive storage caverns recendy 
commissioned by Calor to give the Company even greater 
buying power and better access to worldwide supplies. 

While above ground we’ve paid considerable 
attention to Calor’s efficiency: pre-tax profit per employee 
has risen threefold over the last five years and distribution 
costs per tonne are actually less today than they were 
in 1981. 

Looking to the full yeat; prospects for ICGas 1 
earnings are very good and those for Calor Gas are 

All of which, we calculate, should bring a warm 
glow to our shareholders as well as our customers. 



A copy of the full interim statement can be obtained from the Company Secretary, Imperial Continental Gas Association, 14 Moorfields Higbwalk, London EC2Y 9BS.Tel: (01) 628 3272. 


a--SS 5 aS„ae r -i 8 ^S^*i l isSaaaS*“SK 3 aBaaBe 3 S* 8 aagiH*feioa 5 agDi=S«awsLs ? aa 2 S 8 fSBi 5 Maa^S 5 SassKasBg 5 tfassi 5 Kli ; !ssa®a 2 eSsc 5 SiB! 




BU Otar CM TM 

BU Otar Cmm YW 

9-17. Pemmoun i 
004 458144 

Shut co s tec 
Do Income 
Htgn income 

mVi rOnnMQ » 


131 5 1394 

326.7 252.1 
1B0£ 181.0 

876 7Z1 
77.0 SW 
630 <73 

106.7 1130 

411 154 

-as .. 

-04 008 
*01 S 00 
+w 4.60 
*02 £88 
*01 .. 

556 S9j6e -15 1.46 
86.7 9£6 -06 023 


pt L4HW EC3P 2JT 

5T.B 55 1 40J 

223.1 233.7B 
3586 378.4 
1036 1PM 
1851 106 144 S 

IBM 192-1 
£1267 1107 
£13.18 1362 


125. Huh HoBorrv London WC1V HP( 

a -2*21148 

CS J4pnn Find 856 906c -1 3 065 

V Way- Wnatay. KM CNB 

Grew# 2912 300.1 -\A 264 

income 330.7 35C.4 -OS 467 

Ftmi 2416 2S7.1 -0.1 024 

Income 2852 3036 *1.1 403 

Ncnb Am erican 2828 3116 -20 062 


1. Hm WM#u St EC4N 7MJ 
0t-ffl3 6314 

Qlt Trust 872 936* -041263 

LFnStM. Loam BC2V 5AO 
01-588 1815 

5»F end 41369 .. 462 

g«dW 1316 . . 1083 

D#P0M 1000 .. 1060 

Tgm teMN Snot London EC2V sop 

-06 022 
-0.7 024 
+0.7 4.7B 

-OB 060 
-05 140 
*01 &40 
*02 320 
•03 2.73 
-0.1 268 

SBC Specs) SB 542 572 ..063 

Charities official mvestment fund 

2. Fora SMaL London EC2Y SAG 
Ol-SW 1815 

N enwUn. BAH I 
0000 373393 

Anar Growth 
Equty High hcona 
European Gnaw# 
General Egutfy 
OM & Food taa can 
0 .. mm me 
Hoe* Sannaee 
Japan Growth 

2*3 28.4 
*36 024 
316 336* 
386 41.1 
27.4 2&9 
226 24.1# 
24.7 281 
3*6 260 
34 7 363 
2*3 252 

-04 160 
.. 460 
•02 £00 
.. £60 
.. 050 
.. £30 
+0.1 SM 
-04 o aa 
.. £50 

Japan NX 
Japan Smtar Ace 
Mdand A Got Me 
Do Aectan 
Racovvy F<Md me 

634 K5 - 

SSTtat* iS 3 mi 4 

Do fasti i 1357 

iHHUY jqhnstone tpornssr 

gubot <a 2WH 

041 £21 9232 

Mean ggi 

Tnmuffi l" Z7DS 289.1 

SSTcbb ssu 2*0*0 - 


- <] h UP 
-07 137 
-02 358 
*06 i-fS, 
+05 240 

-1.1 261 
-05 I.Tfi 
+U 064 

48. Gnwawdi SLEGaP3Mt 
01-823 4200 Eb 208 


Do wan amfaau* -“l *5 

MH 0MR8 Si Si de fin 

Oo Accum 7703 *196 -*6 1.10 

SgstfE fu H 

SM OR# CWrg rtS 

-3J LIB 
-46 1.10 
-02 050 


po Bax 4. Nvmti nri wa 

Greet) Treat 

£1226 1280 *002 £70 

M1J 14&5 -16 221 

ui»mi»— mnrnTB>N»fmPfT 
88. Cwnwaj»tLU»ttn a«WE 
deafen JM35 SBSSKWi® 

Wl. CnnpnH. 
01-726 tffil 
Cm Strategy 

London EC2V 6EU 

*93 521 
1896 1797 
1705 ms 
586 584* 

Grewih ImmiDM 2854 302.1 

Income 6 Grow# 
Japanese Growth 
Ntn Amer Onrti 

416 443# 
1961 3076 
1156 1216 

*04 4.03 
+06 520 
+05 £26 
+01 166 
+06 £54 
+0.1 468 
-0.1 060 
-16 148 
-02 £17 

Crown House. Wotong GU21 1XW 
0*862 5033 

Mgh Moomo Trust 254.1 2706 *06 46* 

Grow# Trust £255 2356 -23 300 

American Tiusr 1202 185.4 -37 073 

-f iff?- 

99-100. Santana Bd. UaMutone. Kan ACM XXX 
0622 674751 

MLA American 
mia Gananl 
MLA mteun aoi 
MLA OR Uiat 

246 250 -04 065 

314 3S Am .. £11 
9U 824 -06 064 

216 236* *0.11120 
426 451# .. 467 

3£0 336 .. 0L73 

Yn gyM i 


1 8l 




429 1 

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3 ST 



1 13 

1 67 













- • 



1 69 r \ 

010 r 


























--*■ * 












— " ' 

-* w*3 















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St Gamgu Why. Star mini Marta 
0438 350101 

Grew# Unas 731 806 .. 269 

at & Rxad W 1046 H»6 . . 765 

tfflb income Ikn 1X84 1237 .. *54 

Hdi Yrtd G# IM 574 594 * .. 961 

MGRMH IAMs 1446 1536 .. 038 

N American Uncs 742 756 .. tL7B 

FeawiMi 1005 1066 .. DOB 

Srato Coe F1#d 7411 7B6 .. 169 


Uncom Km. 252. Ronton] Rd. E7 

01-234 5544 

Uaap 7356 14&6 *0.4 462 

33. Kay Wan St EG4H BAS 
01-280 2050 

Anar Grew# 

Do Accun 
Am# bona 
Da Aeon 
European Grew# 
Oo Accun 
Do Adorn 
DO Accun 

986 1Q£5# -16 1.18 
1006 1057* -16 1.18 
516 546 -02 360 

555 567 
1426 15016 
147.7 1552 
£472 2616 
4057 42913 

-02 380 
-0.1 360 
-07 069 
-06 069 
*16 £10 
*16 £10 

804 80 6# +02 764 
936 9420 *02 764 
86.1 91.1 .. 443 

976 10£S .. 443 

2606 2B42# -36 164 
Do Aeon 334S 3E39# -£3 16* 

Japan is*s 1952 -14 odd 

DO Accm 1896 1696 -16 0.00 

Racswy 2056 217.5# +06 £19 

DO Accun 2217 234 JS# +16 £19 

Exmnpt Del 2135 2497 .. 267 

Easqn ACCSD 3777 387 3 . . £67 

Bud me Fund Inc 816 66 l 3# -12 337 
DO Aeon 839 857# -03 337 


Cnnaoad HMLSBwSL Haad StaKeldSl 3RD 
0742 789842 

Captat Income 786 836 +62 233 

DO Accm 1083 113.0 +03 233 

Canmod u y 8 Gan 1296 1274* +03 275 

Captat hwoma 
Da Aeon _ 


13*1 14'I +1 

AnSdrdn 51 58 • -2 

Ajjaga 133 135 #+2 

AMdaaaStttat 45 50 

Atvn Caw 
iftat J i awui i 
A daa In sure 



Oo Accm 
Exaa Htgn me 
Do Accm 
Gffl 8 find he 
Do Accum 
fWi r m 
D o A ccum 

Da Accum 
jbbi 8 Paclie 
Do Accm 
N American me 
Do Accun 

m low anwnr 

1843 1996# *03 £75 
G96 B£5 +02 866 

(97 736 +61 806 

49.7 SIM .. 977 
84.1 87641 .. 977 

1572 1867# +65 5.72 
Z7£B 299-4# +QB 572 
174.6 1H52 +61 332 

2861 3087 *02 382 

3023 3212 -13 021 

3176 3386 -14 021 

1153 1223* -09 148 
1092 M76* -16 148 

+61 332 
+02 332 
-16 021 
-14 021 

Si Sacbos Lane. Laodao EC4P «ou 
01-280 5*56 

NC memo 860 946# *0.1 368 

NCJman _ i«9 wz +03 061 

MCNbanUKCa 512 54 4# .. 231 

NCSokrto 676 716 -mi 131 
NC Amend lac 291 2 299.1 -20 1.16 

Oo Aeon 307 1 32S6 -23 1.18 

« SnBtar COS M42 153.4 +13 161 

HCSunaeopCc s 197.4 2160# *63 633 
NCBMc#ta El 160 1216# .. 9.44 


3ajtjpgw*«n SoaeL Londan BC4R VS 

AmncwiM 2296 2326 .. 168 

Secuaes m 736 7436 . . £30 

Up Trett (S} 1756 1786# .. 6.90 

Metai (3) *:60 43^0 .. 139 

foadbaerea 1596 1596 .. 256 

Mai banal run 1140c *651342 

Far Eas S3 3*80 3496 .. 605 

New Has Pace, lavpact 169 3HS 
051-227 4422 

Eauty Tran 612 5*7* *61 £86 

MJ Trust 786 83.1 -07 138 

Git Truss 241 253# +61 939 

US Trust 34 4 366 -06 125 

Paofec " Ta 467 494 -62 648 

zoonoo sl Loadao EC2 
01-920 0311 

Eaur* DA JT46 1213# . . t£4 

Do Accm 1612 1712* -042 164 

X ManghSC 907 980# -06 440 
team 1076 1136# -09 440 

U5 Gem 572 612 -0* 693 

Do Accum 590 624 -04 023 

Root isnoma Htam. Cbitaost# C01 IRA 
0206 576115 

A 11 *"™* Grew# 646 BOO -65 062 
G4t mcona E< 552c +62 938 

Mi# (acorn 602 954# +63 483 

hem 8 Grm# 990 1063# +61 425 
Japan CtBttn 957 1019 -64 033 

Spnodl Sn 1130 T203 +61 126 

UK Grew# TU 439 466a .. £17 

26 imsa H g Hom fau RM1 3LB 
fftemfcnO 070B400B6 

Anar tac 6 aow# 686 123m -03 767 
Capital UMS 1062 1122c -16 121 
COnaotay 586 604 .. Q7S 

European Grew# 1213 1293# -66 657 
Franco] Secs 982 1044# -04 136 
HgbRannlMl 1882 2002 +65 437 

Ma YlaU Una 1S7.I 1777 +61 424 

man Uaa asm m3 +62 578 

mmaunat That 9*3 idols +61 £60 
Japan Grow# 1019 1084 -16 030 

The prices in this 
section refer to 
Monday’s trading 

-64 033 
+61 126 
.. £17 

tpy p f fl lWrc 


Eu ro pea n Grow# 
Franca] Secs 
Hgn namm Urns 
tan Yield Una 
mam Uan 
b mam ent Th at 
Japan &o*ft 

Japan Staler Cos 1202 1282 

+65 437 
+61 424 
*62 678 
*61 £60 
-16 030 

-12 on 





Bd 08# 

Aspen Conans 



Alta EmROM 




135 tl 'j 
1S» 160 
109 B3 
98 58 
29 ZB 
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-I 20 


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185 Made 


14 Mata 


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9 Item 


135 Mant 


311 uaim 


BS Mea 


71 Vets# 


99 UdR 



95 Hook 


23 ihrt 


231 tWflfny 


183 IMn 


159 Htaa 


13D Mai 


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1 15 Mom 


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127 I! 
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269 2 

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» 4 «• 1,2 

'« IDOinTO H mm Res 140 
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2TO 118 TO Pb& Bob 209 

72 46'jTfi fhante 71 

120 99 TO la* 118 

IS 12 )85 

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315 237 Thoupmhtn 3,3 

S S5. ' 90 

S «gM(M 222 

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® 79 TOpkwxtac 84 U 

» M SM """ 41 S 

1154 BOHiSl 115 

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115 • .. 

143 #+T 
103') • .. 
210 +•* 
73 • 

316 +2 


225 -1 

161 +3 

£?• ■■ 
325 Ji 
41 #-1 
43*j • .. 
65 • 

116 +>1 

a> £7 487 
43 £5 450 
17.1 20.1 77 

83 20 64.7 

T0b 45 
29 87 212 
23 35 315 
23D 23 655 






— 12B.5-Z7-5 



Add 1235-2301 



— 127.5*55 

47 JPeArnenm Etaass 

154 120 atoia Mam 
24 l^oOWyM 
21 m Do-A- 
JS'jW Brnn 

179 95 Ecg That 

278 107 E» 

113 « gManun 

«46 35 9 MJ» 

» 180 M « G 
™ ^ Honaa 

» “ PtaOc hr Ta 
19 Do Warrant 
!B6 IS? SBOn Hen C0U1 

Tona oust 


Cash - 380-00381.50 

Throe Months . 391.00-39150 

Vol NB 



Cash 790.00-791.00 

Three Months . S03J50-e04J» 

VoJ . 1000 


■ -25V 221 
•-> 120 
+2 250 

6 1 

-1 “ 
• -1 TOO 

via Commodity 
Services Ltd 


Jan ... apo 

Feb 81 .00-834} 

Mar w -°°^2 

Apr 80.00 

IjV + lf.' 

GW Joyoaon sod Co report 

SUGAR (Wore a CareflcmO 






Ave rage fatato cfcprtqn « 
Docomber IS 

«: GaUto. 93J28pper kg Iw 

GAS 00 . 

131 . 0000.75 


135 . 75 - 35.50 


132 - 00 - 28.75 


Jul — 

127 . 00 - 2650 

125 . 00 - 20.00 

Aug 1 MLW- 19 .W 

Sod 13450-1050 

^ 4 s.^ 68 t>par* B fi w 
' ostaaad carcase wabht 



Steesty ButOidM 

TTOm Months . .391,0089150 

Live Pig Contract p. pv uh 

1 . 0 onl 5 /l 2/88 





-JJS your . Ponfolio card check vow 

mMCTfoUow ihTda™ 

Equities drift lower 

ACCOUNT DAYS; Dealings bqwn December 8. Dealings end Friday. §Contango dav nexi Monday. Settlement day Januray 5. 

§Forward bargains arc permitted on two previous business days. 

Where stocks haw only ao* price quoted, theea are middle prices taken daily at Spot. Yield, change and P/E ratio *re erig»ii T t 4H9o"fift i«»H‘'^ piCT 
_Duc 10 technical problems at Exchange Telegraph some of the prices shown below are not dosing prices. 


© Tinm Newspapers Listed 


Gaims required for 
+38 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

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67 69 • . 

MI M2 a-l'i 
188 7*4 -4 

110 112 
365 365 m+1 
232 240 • . 

mb no -S'i 

470 475 -i 
256 257 »-1 
276 278 0-1 
236 235 • 

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25% 20% 



Q% 94% 











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minus signs 

Weekly Dividend 

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25 18 12.1 
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331 17 liD 

20 40 S3 

7.1 18 M2 

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5.7 17 19 

55* 111 14 

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7.7 11 2BJ 

120 30 190 
S4 40 227 
79 4! HI 
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15 11 147 
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157 IJ> 

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177 125 Mtao Ktat 
178*1 66 AlWhpi 
240 HS B Brtepri 
22 18 CM. 

263 219 tortav 
43 n ceamy 
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207 153 MqnSe 
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236 840 
138 M2 
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202 205 • .. 
108 109 * .. 

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311! 33 
207 212 

363 188 Set* TV 
276 1 TVSWV 

50 31 raw 
341 7f9 AMS TV 
2M 137 TWM 
152 HH tfcW T V 
191 I WWW TV 

44 8 443 0-1 S I U 121 

345 348 -1 169 48 114 

25fl 253 -1 143 17 124 

48 S'i -% 19 U U 

295 39 •-! 150 5.1 

200 202 14 12 . 

Iffl 151 •-! 19 5! 71 

175 178 +6 19 60 119 

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52** 44% Con* 3’ A> 

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29% 22% Cons* 2 V* 

29% 23% Treat 2V» 


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108’. 98% Trues B. 2% 1W0 
122 lCB 1 . TIMS 1» 1£6 
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107% 03%Th*sttJ%*2«g 
110% 96% Tibbs 0. » 2M6 
100'/ 92% Truss I L2A- 2°® 
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94 ^ 79% Time 92 %>« 2JH3 

102’. W.TreaS 42 £ »J| . 
99% 90% Trass 42 -■*• »« * 
1(M 86% Tleas 12'J% 2E0 


ICS 3 . +% 
117% + % 
101'. +1 
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102% 41 .. 
99% +1'i 

103V + ■* 
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94% ♦% 
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298 IK 
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468 317 
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56% 46’: 
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SB 1 : 21 5% 
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385 240 
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315 162 I 
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530 316 
180 135'. 
570 377 
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in 78%uto< enw S3% 94% -% 

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96 48'KWmHBI 85% ffi 

405 348 Saw H0UH * 371 377 

81 a 3*a 73 75 -1 

209 139 TrwacHe Forte ITS 177 



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115 29 151 
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M3 11 139 
21 22 115 

21 13 2(14 

23 15 179 

S3 IJ MJ5 
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73 45 17.4 

SO 179 AW 

339 144 US Ihaiac* 

131 a AM 
615 318 «n 
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3H 33 UflttlWW 
255 144 Msec 
315 145 tabs M 
325 1W 4«*dMC 

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34 21 Am 

440 373 tefi 8 Ucxy 

01 39 Miln 

530 133 AsslitfloBS 
S3 S'. Asm 
393 363 Am MOB 

^ tar** 

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® 87. EtTEC 

383 283 B0C 
330 341 0TB 
210 IS Me* 

21% 16 Baey (CHI 
420 aC Bird mi) 

310 7M SMB MB 
310 W0 Bwe 
170 135%8amei 
3S7 CT Bart* Rail 
9 39 Bam Il fli Oan 
4S IM Bate TwKoafl 
S 14 Bam ttbaiBl 
Mi in Bam caw 
73 47 BeWom 

663 170 M» (Oil 
*50 356 Btettam 
9 2* Bam 
287 133 BwtailSMn 

MS ED Bsada* 

557 113 Bess* 

SB 307 teStf 
7«%itt Beawod 
325 S5 Bn* (J) 

193 1S3 Bd* 
ms a Bttrtiyj 
153 84 hM Qeaasi 
200 »3 BmanniM 
197 134 Britan 
206 144 ariiPBn 
62 W.-BiJdnrt Woe 
45 174 W Ana 
SB 187 BoOwia 
263 170 SMB 
74% 8 %So*»|Mb) 

353 283 BMW 
22% lABMtl BE 
ITS 100 &3tKfe&p 
378 248 Boms 
97 44 Bros 
220 * hota 
9 36 BndgeM Gp 
199 121 fttts 
340 19 MBon-tafty 
ZD 124%Br Bri S Eng App 
303 186 BSSSasi 
143 72 BrSntan 
279 130 Br Vita 
C3 296 EWtM 
145 9 B-smsssisfl ha 
34 17 BnjaTKo 

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19 142 Bran S Taws 
74 a Mm |Uus| 

317 19 BMW 
268 138 Ones: 

112 58 Buns-AWMo 
108 89 Cantu il Eng 
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126 120 -I 82 64 110 

535 598 -I 2576 43 110 

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224 ZB +1 122 54 1M 

362 372 -6 90 15 723 

195 196 -2 12fi 

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47 H • .. 15 33 80 

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40 42 -1 . * . 300 

740 2» -5 114 4j6 .. 

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3ffl 372 +9 13 25 83 

48 Si 14 28 52 

128 132 +? 34 26 T70 

437 438 +2% MJ IS 150 

78 81 • 20 15 10* 

352 354 +4 154 44 13B 

272 274 -2 BO 3B 190 

184 186 .. 114 &2 135 

28% 21 02 

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230 ZB •-! 11.1 40 83 

153 1H +2 93 BO 125 

« » 4 16 24 174 

735 295 • . . 

a a +2 36 62 110 

«0 450 B+SD 3141 74 50 

9 34 iflb 50 . 

107 192 +2 107 56 130 

TO 75 39 53 89 

106 19 • 67 34 110 

415 417 «+2 17! 4.1 17J 

S 41 41 16 40 346 

114 117 +1 61 SJ 298 

4 75 485 -i S6 10 127 

140 150 -5 29 20 

250 SO • .. 110 46 120 

in 191 . 34 10 SO 

135 T4D +3 50 36 150 

14? 142% +2% 61 4J 136 

150 185 • . 96b 56 90 

IK IK B+2 70 3.9 12.7 

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14% 15% 

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315 335 
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401 405 +5 

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19 27 113 
07e 2* 302 

20 5.7 71 

13 13 +1 10J 68 95 

70 75 4JI 59 14.4 

290 ST +2 124 42 140 

W 25 *2 16 16 155 

109 HI -1 29 26 161 

91 93 -1 25b 27 157 

41'. 43% 34 57 347 

78 S3 •! 39* 36 125 

432 442 220 50 105 

3? 9% Ioann 

90 3 Tnrta 
U4 78 Tncto 
2«i A Tew 6 (feaol 
us a team 
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57% ®%uede»c pro 
S3 213 V*» 

540 293 Vdas 
130 93 Vem pieews 
IS 120 VBn 
204*. I34%Vaas«MB 

30 m vsa 
305 116 «S 
:& 85 in hone 
270 156 Warn too 
B 23 frier. Cmsa* 
1*4 a W BU I UW Caa 
i® i6Q nasczRs 
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15* 66 Tin 
231 174 Wtfrara 

no a MUM 

130 16 Msaacx 

118 78 Wests 

75 38 WESMO0 (teas 
3X 210 MMftnt 
134 a? MUBOe 
188 121 woes (Jmes) 
740 395 WAdeHW 
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583 33? note*. 

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b> a awe (Sw) 

S3 O':«taoffias t (to 
138 a NMh 
178 93 Vmg (H) 

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a U-dAa 6 AW 
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904 799 Bntaoc 
3® 37 Com Ha 
323 22S (My 8 La* 
43 194 F« 

24 701 Cei AariK 
708 C7 htaaC E 
259 : 37 Hogg MnSBe 
2® 133 Lea! & to 
2?4 173 loans IDB 
458 257 too US W 
65% 29%Me» f UcLen 
3® 270 lint 
313 ZZ3 PKB 
15% 1? PM 
942 7» Paxtotol 
<53 *1 Ftrttae 
9E7 7E f£^ 

415 315 SeegwckQp 
4S 3*6 toStW-m 
445 380 Scc^Wdgs 
77? 530 Su lAra 
927 772 toUt 
345 170 Tram Mmgti 
494 394 KaFto 

. 380 
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29 23 14.1 
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16 16 I0O 

801 28 198 

7.6 16 liU 
200 52 112 
71 73 79 

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140 146 
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46 47 

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93 98 

105% MJ8% 

a a 

295 305 
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133% 13% 

550 SE0 

102 187 

551 555 < 

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134 131 
104 107 l 

362 20* -I T03 51 

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775 - -7 

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392 395 -1 as 22 277 

875 830 +6 44.7 5.1 

268 270 .174 65 .. 

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3® 385 1 -10 

80 807 • -4 349 43 202 - 

S «£0 • -2 350 76 69 

347 . . 117 40 119 

2(5 247 I2J 5D 31 3 

198 20? 90 *6 9* 

455 4(0 +2 246 54 114 

42% - -1% 220 52 . 

242 244 -4 114 4 7 116 

298 300 +2 112 44 142 

IS 15 .. 661 44 

805 010 -6 386 40 513 

4® 440 204 47 .. 

833 B3B •-! 306 4£ 685 

318 320 +i 17.1 54 IS2 

♦a 445 B-1 1 Sl7 15 180 

<07 412 .. UO 24 }I1 

633 037 »-4 27.5 43 572 

918 522 *-2 3S4 36 

2X1 240 53 23 06 

475 4J0 -4 129 29 203 


H0D La* togany 

13 39 QWHtffl ftr 
I1%6<5 HmKDi 
152 38 nnng 
583 271 CCJB 
54 3 Ms 
38 4*:J«fe*> 

29 9 KCA Mb 

743 ffi LASmO 
300 59% Da IAS 
21 E Hew Cam 
« 15 Itoe lattn 04 
7 2%0HHae 
43% 1I%(H ton* 

HO 28 Petraol 
113 44<.Wna 

4f 21 new 
<3 ftayS Dan 
916 653 Sbeb 
Jffi 123 S«*n 
97 10 Sumyi 

2P: 11 IB &WW 
21 P1I191 

151 41 Tncensi 
280 80 Train Empr 
210 99 Ufean 
a 29%Wmtaae 

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Pi'ngeOv p % P,i 
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116 10.1 69 

+0 239 42 14 6 



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21 55 33 

260 49 HU 

+1% . 244 

.. 225 35 .. 

+21 514 53 96 

• .. 06 54 24 7 

+1 21 

. 4-Y. .. 137 

+2 71c 109 26 

44 205 

0*2 75 40 40 



Few (jam) 
Naum CnaSdS 

rmsiju Zocb 
1 Do A 
My (to* 
Sne Dat* 
SIM Bros 
low Ktnsky 
Yale Gitt) 

130 115 41 • 

a 00 •+! 

435 440 -3 

«£ ® 

227 229 
83 » •♦! 

285 290 
285 30 
177 102 +2 

56 68 +% 

63 645 
153 156 +1 

247 252 *4 

223 33 13 B 


121b 49 115 


bmatmant Trusts 1 

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189 19 752 
57 24 37.1 

i5 43 253 
7.1 45 215 

89 4.4 2B.I 

29 24 31! 
825 75 

Mi 96 Bar 8 WA *A' 
2?o 12B hemtiMa 
zs . ) a bm wb 
13? c C»*BO 
225 t cayafc 
410 325 Fes Loan 
62% 49 ORA 
115 to Ksoboger Brooks 
151% 93 Konroi DiM 
18 * H Lean 
103 3? Jukaa s HUp 

187 137 In M 

391 2m Hemn 
403 326 RUNUsiU 
64 36 Mey Lnm 
228 129 Sffli Mottos 
30 MB Sme5wa> 

»t 119 Stontoytows 

74 51 Ton soon Hoepw 

193 I2BV2k8tos 

135 MS *« 
I® 195 +2 

204 207 to+2 

m 11B -1 

172 175 •-! 
381 394 • .. 
61 62% +2% 
1® IIS 
14S . M7 -1 

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(51 152 •-% 
163 173 • .. 
3* 308 -6 

357 372 .. 

36 3B 

1® 160 .. 
180 190 +3 

18? 185 -6 

ta as 

191 IB* 42 

ML0 7.1 119 
. . e . . 264 

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14 12 307 

SO 40 144 
91 24 20? 

. . . . 521 

.. 142 

53 43 70 

7.4 64 M.7 

10 +15 199 

39 26 141 

as U M2 

11! 16 127 

HJ 44 149. 
- . B . . 204 

60 42 135 
34 10 110 

40 25 .. 

.. C .. 116 

7! 37 113 

?4S 202 AHMMead 
153 108 Artm Cans 
57 45 Detail M 

250 225 Asm tor 

158 EC B*ur (toes) 
136 IS Bemuse 
369 342 Bene Ibstmn 
310 230 BKX 
106 145 among 

Ml % 120 Cam Coon 
22B 197 Ohduqd 
37S 1® tow (Jam) 

3m 2s* Bar 

178 130 tartan Pear* 
913 390 todyaos Prtp 
no ITD hnum H 
465 385 firitoVI 
97 54 Geers toss 
277 t GeodRHttns 
336 1® HMHiral 
133 1» Lope* 

4® 173 UMt H5 6 8 
are mo wcamae 
151 93 Mae Stan 

1® 120 Matte Dm 
» i7%0gA*y & Mata 
60 28 toes tor 
805 513 aivaST 
9B5 570 SW» WO 
iso ^00 toy 

326 124 Saafd rjtfO 
ZZD 200 UsteWWa 
215 125 Ifefo Rto 
76 40 Wet 

225 113 Wtttopn IJ) 
30? 230 SSSJo 

305 21D 
111 114 • . 

«% 49% 

252 257 +4 

hh mat 

ISO 195 • 

275 382 • 

243 948 • .. 
IK 170 ■ • 

203 20B -2 

W. W% +% 
220 225 
320 330 
29B 302 +2 

I® 140 v 
875 8® *5 

270 274 
382 312 
85 88 -1 

178 183 -2 

137 M2 
332 337 +2 

125 130 -. 

3® 360 -2 

280 290 .. 

130 OS • -2 
1 1B 123 *+1 
19% ■ +% 

64 06 

820 830 • 

738 7« -7 

113% 114% -1 
335 340 +2 

312 317 0+2 
MB 213 .. 

157 167 +2 

72 74 +1 

ISO 200 *+5 
298 303 *1 

520 530 0*3 

. . B . 611 

129 16 100 

231 11 U6 

90 73 . 

M 10 17J 
47 15 .. 

IQ.B 5! 9.B 

17 16 332 

.. .. 20.3 

79 41 IU 
9.7 12 140 

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80 Bndm 






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105 OertfoU 













1 0% 7 0rei*Wn 













258 BaK&art 

171 210m 





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3 a 




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93 FS Dev 




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313 GM Krtpoort 





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204 Pitafotart 





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170 tort Prop 







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511 mz 














5%St Wri 







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70 S®ga Bea 



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300 Untsei 







31%Vad tab 






233 Venaroins 







50 tedortew 






35 Vogels 







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128 HtearoMos 







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08 WE9 tort Com 


34 U 




80 rincart 












20 W* HgH 










26 T-dCWi 





Cap 6 Combes 







Cato Sea 

Comv 8 Nee 

Cany 9 


16% +1 

274 20? Grayed* 

^ gSS-cSnw 


S3% 34%Hanpfcn Tsa 

70 48%KarB hq tort 
425 270 lo*y 
320 1® Jomyti 
320 264%lan Rgp 
34S Z7G tort Seams 
691%356 Lon & &»o Tb 
268 147 Db 6%% 

3® 2U Lon 4 to Shop 
IBB 151 Lon Stop Pit* 

395 280 Lymai 
380 275 *PC 
?ii so Akmany 
123 ioa%Mc*»y Sea 
60 44 tortbnd 
235 125 rnaaelloae 
640 167 IMr EH 
UV510 Moueflege 
780 364 Hamm 

in 0? iww («U) 

23 ie%MaMS 
130 73 STCwnSl* 

93 *3 PataMe 

2 »% 2 K PBMn 

265 72%Pi*S Maias 

2B 176 PM 0 Be* 
no W7 Pmp Mds 
138 ns Pn*> Sacorty 
13% B'.Baoftn 
368 160 Ron 
190 70 FWrt 

645 313 Htseftsob 
ST 215 Re*Vftn*i«e 
103 7B Scat Ml 
in 146 Share to 

173 M4 s»rt Sacs 

94 66 SucWy 

296 85 SortMidSMan 
ffl 46 Tomtom 
276 190 Tn*SW Part 
245 96 UK tort 
868 675 Warn 
075 475 IMnM 
1® IS wan 
94 l/'.-WM Ubi) 

178 M2 WBtStoiaay 

03b D4 610 
25 32 152 

£9 40 159 

2.4 12 . 

43 13 449 

64 53 129 

17.4 50 146 
146 31 190 
43 23 154 

as 49 as 

05 09 Z70 

76 29 239 

2£ 00 . 

06 45 623 

179 36 205 
901 60 229 
7! 30 119 

74 20 2S 1 


20 22 303 

56 3 1 60 

OH 3J 644 
200 30 129 

43* 31 504 

07 07 

37 35 220 

121 7.6 IU 

59 50 1 30 
. . . . 69 

H19 50 103 

09 17 413 

10.16 40 250 

as 14 4 M 

EE 21 225 

. 130 U 280 

45 130 31 30-3 

• 42 10 30 

51 23 21.5 

-6 162 43 97 

-S' 01 20 BO 

29 10 

.. 107 35 154 

•-4 145 44 22? 

r -? U 17 209 

• -2 93 43 .. 

• -3 07 24 769 

. . 79 44 203 

m-B MLB 20 2E5 
0-1 164 40 21! 

-09 7! 59 

52 43 176 

.. 31 53 310 

• . . 43 19 17 7 

57 10 94 

+% M3 13 140 
7! 09 116 

• .. 77 70 151 

• . 17J 08 451 

•+t 17 17 503 

-I 29b 34 M3 

+1 IU 44 1SG 

• +8 79b 23 451 

+2 4 2 2-4 350 

30 26 257 

-a. 0.1 SO 435 

0-7 57b 10 287 

+6 01 51 

+5 I A 02 557 

+2 M2 49 112 
•+% 51 69 190 

-S 29 17 253 

-% 83 40 104 

-10 DO 36 HO 
50 35 107 

08 03 HI 

• .. 10 23 2KB 

43 17! 63 wo 

• 46 5 7 2J U2 

. . 270 32 399 

.. 250 32 27.7 

-I 33 25 353 

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. . 12! 70 99 



3B 17 SI 
374 OT Srte Taney 

HP s sartwa 
O 74%SMie Boren (JJ 
30 TB6%Scan 

163 rS9 Sort G«rtan 
t® i?0 Sea hettfe 
ITS 94 5ea> C RoMm 

164 IS 5mu 
1® 1® Do A 

tM 99 SMMrSttv 
®% 29 Senor Eng 
228 TS 9>U 
153 90 toter 
97? 593 Sate 
* 32 SWrtl 
341 ISO Sam Big 
Iffl 83%SfeHa*ad 
500 388 SWeWy 

37 26VSKF T 

132 93 SMh& Ntpbca 

41 x swan rt—tt 

326 223 Sottstrt 
za 163 SpaaMWl 
194 128 Sara -5ai» 

2S7 HO Ecrea ton 
119 60 StfFoMn 
its 43 sm com 
fill) 347 riwtty 
530 3S4 Sttetiey 
SO 90 SadmfeO 
255 ITD Samks 

38 6S saw 

710 48 SHWrt £ Pnr 
224 T83 Sow Sen 
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> c i 



E-i- Executive APAftfuiEHT in prestigious 
Warehouse Development within easy reach of ttw 
Ctty. 2 Bedrooms. Lounge, fitted Kitchen. Luxury 
Bathroom. Central Hwtmg, Underground Pwtang. 

S-E-lB. SPECTACULAR Qusysda Dewtopment is On 
setting for this Newly Constructed Town House. 3 
Bedrooms, Lounge. Fitted Kitchen, Bathroom. 
' CJoaKroom. Gas Central Hgamg, Garage. 

OONT DELAY hi Viewing this attractive 2 
Bedroom House situated on popular New 
Development Lounge, fitted Kitchen. Bathroom. 
Gas Central Hsetmg. Garden, Car Parting Space. 

Bedroom Apartment overlooking Tobacco Dock 
wftch is due to open Autumn 57. Rainer 
accommodation mmprtse s Lounge, fitted 
Kitchen, Shower Room. Baseman Parking. 

sympathetically restored and returtished. Double 
Bedroom. Feature Lounge. Fully Equpped 
Kitchen, Luxury Bathroom, Central Heating. 
Passenger Lift. g9 5 , BOO. 

PRICE 2 Bedroom Split Level Flat in pleasant 
location. Lounge, fitted Kitchen, Bathroom, 
Storage Heating. Pahang Space. £75450. 

PRESTIGIOUS Warehouse conversion close to 
Tower Bridge. T7wtf Floor Apartment comprising 
Bedroom, Impressive Lounge. Fitted Kitchen wKh 
Neff appbcances. Luxury Bathroom, Gas Central 
Heating. £115400. 

WANTED Due to the High Demand 2/3 Bedroom 
Apartments required in warehouse Conversions in 
the Price range from £300.000 • £400,000. 
Usual Commission Required. 

PHONE HOW for latest Bst Of 
Dock l ands Property 
Europe's Largest Estate Ageet 

Eteris* Rood ES £19.950 Leasehold. An ratrmely spacious flat, 
on the second Door of a convened Victorian Hse. Entrance haD. 
lounge, taidten, bedroom, bathroom Immaculate Cbodraoo 
Sole Attests 

lounge, bedroom. In 
carpets, central hewing. Highly rec 
Highbury NS £52.500 L/H A well namamrd flu on the third 
Door of a small attractive p/b block. Entrance had. kwnge, 
kitchen, bathroom, bed room D/glazed th/ombouL CCH 
communal gardens & parking spaces available Sole Agents 
Memos N1 £59.950 L/H Immac. mainL flat in large Victorian 
hse. Close Tube. Own entrance, lounge, bkfct rm/taicben with 
lux f/f. lux bathroom, from bedroom. &cJl communal gardens. 

]y rec 

«cU maintained flat on the third 

rf/glaxed Sole Agents 

HfeUmry NS £51000 L/H Wdi smutted flat, well maim p/b 
block - 2 bedrooms, lounge, kiichen, bathroom Sole Agents 
Caanoobury Nt £19.950 L/H - Exceptionally targe studio (tat 
comprising studio room, kuefarn, bathroom, gch exceUeru 

condition - ideal In one buy. Sole Agents. 

IsUngnm N1 £120,000 F/H Delightful period terraced house, 
immac. condition Private gardens. 2 bedrooms. 2 reception 
rooms, frf kitchen. 2 bathrooms, utility room. Joint Sole Agents 
Florence Street. NI £145.000 Ft H large double fronted boose. 
The property is ideal for redevelopment and bas potential to 

maLe a munificent family house. The property currently 
comprises oflO rooms, 12 bathroom 2 W.Cs and 20ft garden 

composes or ID it 
Sole Agents 
Soke Newington 

Nlfi £54.950 L/H Thb 2 bedroomed 

maisonette is situated in an extremely convenient focatioa- 
Reception Room. Knchen/B'fesT roam, 2 bedrooms, bathroom. 
The flat is in need of decoration, but has excellent potential. 
Barnshoy M £119.950 Luxury 3 bed upper ma a in immac. 
condition in bean or Barnsbury. Aceom: 3 beds, lounge. 
ku/breaJdast room. Modern bath, full use 40ft garden- 

354 5224 

7X £^ ( 

• MORTGAGES • 100 % advanced up to 
£120,000 • 3V5 x main income plus • ixsecondaiy 
income • % x joint incomes taken ■ non status 

• REMORTGAGES For any reason, eg: 

• Home improvements* Business Reasons 

• Educational Expenses • Large Leisure Purchase, 
(boat, caravan, eta • second House, 0J.K. or 
overseas/ ■ Matnmonal Settlement 

• consolidate Existing Borrowings 


• Shops, Factories, Etc 







01-623 3495 

.Ear Advise 


tinmen. Life- 
An, ire sxc.'a 1 
Msrzgage ar.h' 





Applicants must be fully experienced In 
all aspects of residential sales and 
marketing and capable of motivating 
Estate Agents; Solicitors end 
Professional teams to oeftieve target sates 

Onty candidates or the tegnetf catfye should oop»y rcr 

Berkley House. Ill Regent's Peak Rood, 
London NVY1 BUR. 

Telephone: 01 -586 9483/6 586 9712/5 ed. 229 

Ref. PW & SB 


hroggpe. centanro a saw W swaroa EngasQ c nCy 
btosobbe. damng i BCO house n easy, rook Petrie 
(teztwn Set Dm Si»«l : w*ia.3BaM&tan6riea. 

F/tafl. S2BMOO Z354I725. 


□mmw 2 am draw stf#e nknd tf pend S mgdm n 


0725 ■ 


CTOa of 2 qmsarai ttm sjtsfi foragan OMCk hy ftfltf 

pant Surenr im i e n aam xb i 

013000 Rworo ■Bhtag»*«S3a&10DO12*jsZaWi72S 



^tap. anx^dW. «- arms. ptritteantaMe. 12 
«*»■ 72-MW 


fti— ta nkmc srtnom tfl flaw graft w m PtffW W* 

U1 ■* 7*W1- 

Tagm eft wea attta mm , Mat fSSfS 
entaffB m utaunrt aHe/auL N x IF fMTem 
Outyw/ftao aft 2T fieca . tat i US*,? 2 

Snjes SL 6< stars, feme. EZPSffl 724-0241 





k 4 Smes income or 4 + 2 for joint 

' 100% mor^ages witb no upper Omit * 
all legal costs added to mortgage 
’ No evidence of income required for 
loans for Qualifying applicants , 
' Re-mortgages for qnaHfyfeg purposes 

Ring 01-235 0691 
For full Information 
Open until 8pm today 






Superb, spadous, brand 
new Mwtmert for sale on 
secure 125 year tease, in 
tMs spectacular 
development overtooteng 
Hanover Ge» and Regards 
Park. Afl amenities, inducing 
24 hour security, comfort 

cooing, underground 
ridng and luxurious foyer. 

parking end luxurious foye 


01 486 5991 

Financial Services 

25a Motcomb Street 
London SW1 


wrim nftutas of EakPg Bmstezy. 
bd>t Met u* art farcam ate 
SMctjvs nartte wmuca. medan 
luUwuappel ariw. utday mom 
2' bedrooms, edit hack takoam 
taring atao good-saed roof Bfime 

ttabsom teth pne cotag aid 
n famm acuzti, tame tatb 

onto paw a front ai Inure 

«a x i » ai HB otassx ganfen «w 
shntas. At rear ta boure » pmtlna 
sutabfe for iretemBs and 
tna na mg. Bugbr atarm system. 
M gas atari /wmg redi aoBrsan 


[ wa iW BB T a sen Bssrer natan Did m ctamrog Mrefc to 

IdCwM 3btds oouUerocechqnl»D«utXU«Mdo4e.ibwin.24houiBorareh 

w^ttmura swi tretrotaty gsoaas audio ftu m Marorel Swri. mn reora. 
28 It x 15 ft . W. hath. 34 yess £58.750 . 

SOUTH KBoWTON SW7 tmgm 1st floor snide (IP near Hertford Scare, red 
Tate, modem at hurt red sum mam. 82 years. E5G_S0C 
WiUCO SWI tne raasoom. wdh tore «r*5 across St Geodes Snare. 3 rotf 
nmns. 3 oeos. 2 BtfH. tape imotfrunn. M gs dt Kt access more gartvs 

lie yre £ 2661 X 0 

01 222 7020 

nail of the ham 
man is nates tf naajBBB. 
Teh Cl 998 0395. 



OH JanwynStraot P e m e ftf ped- 
Msrro a Pis quel Omit 
CoRMnaaon Area. DacoraM te 
m raanaM erendem nmugnouL i 

eom KM -.KEV MEWS an Nnr an res. 
on Hmh. tana ca t ren ee tun m prtec m. 

20 x ZD nere. tote M M. 3 tax base. & 
ren Hath Jam IMS. TOyrv Ottaia set 

wo naMH onwi yuougnouL 
douhn ootfoom. song mom. 
madam ksewo. MSUDara. UK 


m r-6zz-7Wrm. 

■I] ■ .icl re.'xa >(■ ifivwt MMm e mere b men 

PremiMreiaiMfl rsian«imi&i.tLmiate<M 

|>wi?sawi 'Ecvps.Jaami nods. atom. reepaml 21 yn EMDOO uxyaa 
I ny qH w* aon Sec . 


res n a reem a* J otfc riioaat. Tap reacted «t 12 r rx 


hum sum Wi. taac ir m * to la 8 nan In » - sacrety tttaoaoo itemnti 
LLAUIUJ .L ' Ul.iM *■ «T m. t73jxn 


Fafltfy hse. End terrace, fiw 
beds. Tw recaps. Two bafts. 
Segame WC. ige tachen. Uatay 
rm Cedar. GCH. Roof ten. Ptfn. 
Front and hrek gtatf. Comcntett 

Inrabnr for aH mtssori, schools 
red Partamed i«. FreehokL 

ftS&OOO. No agent 

Tefe 01-607 



ret 01-607 7273 
(w/ends, eves). 


cup™ VI LUGE E5 

Darnel a Mcreun teaxad tame m 
quel nod. 3 beds dattt 't ce twcB. 

TEL 01-790 9560 

etfri roan, tne care saris, i 
atstea SSi ream tan m 
• tttet Exnttoa Itoy ongeal 
teSres. Near rod. SFCH, are nwtft 
tram tare reddste eoMMod to 0>y. 

0V985 5391 


Executive 3 Bedroom Apartment 

Beautiful spacious apartment in attmcttvB tn e n tf on Mock test a 
tow mnuoas from BaAar Street; 

Master bedroom with a n si dle sho w er anti W.C. 

2 funner bedrooms and second bathroom 

150 YDS 

2 eleg an t receptions and large kkchen/braskfeast room 
96 year tease. £175.000. 

W2 to Roy* Lanootw HnW Luge 
3 oooete bedroom rewound ftoer 
fW in period conventen 
Maqntrkent drawlofi room 
wltbomuicHimiS worMna 
fine place. Very Urge fitted 
tatctien. a an auto b nnr ocro» 
* t dk.LmUwsziwM 

96 year lease. £175.000. 

View today: 01 402 4295 

^■£168400 Vfea today 
Ttfn36 MS762 reft 584- 


1 ■ ' ' ■ — ‘ Laat remaining wit situated in Tubiafl 

Park’s most sought after road, a luxury 
newty converted apartment formed from an imposing Victorian 
property of character. ‘1£Tx 13' lounge, private entrance, fufl use 
of 60ft rear garden. £72400 Nwr lease. Prompt viewkig 


Tore mdMoretoi conpteM m ■ 
vsy tagh srendsd ftaceptan 
mom oenning one anctonad Soute ; 

faring ganJvn anugn todi 
■Mom. irew cwpecs wrepgnout 


rt*. 2 superb new 

TEL 01 607 5001. 

spacatot dastowcl tohr Bind 
tocton. Ureg tease, n S5 dOQ. 


A tatSEDc dnctaonwit of 14 mms 
houses b repay g o muwg 
fnihon, the sdeehm vanes m pnoe 
ad acrorn-ffl beta, in recetfs. 
Irate £127J5nta CT7UB. bcetaH 
fpraireo. cable tv. atoms, etc am 


an. Lew tease. El S5 

0836 246762 

stredsd. Oeuteap s srttoi prata 
mews rtfteara exctfteM value tar 

mews rtfteeng exctfteM v 



01 625 9629 

Walk lo the City from this 
spacious fiat set in busting 
market street 2 beds, toga, 
kk/b'fst rm, beih/wx.. uttety 
gas oh. £68401 L/H. 



Outstanding 3rd floor. Ho. 
enmaus 7 rooms wtoi 2 
baths, rest ML sap tatty rm. 
2/3 recaptoK^dp btarooros. 
Long lease £285400 (TO. 
Seed raafctaSy tor 

01-724 0335 



Attractive 1930*8 txtet flat in 
can baf location. Short walk 
Regonts Park & Oxford St 
etc. 2 bedrms, Inge, Ictt, 
bathrm w* balcony, gas ch. 
£91400 L/H 



For Sales & Purchases 
for prices up (o £80,000 
we charge £360+ VAT & 

: 01-354 2480: 

Barretts Solicitors 
01-248 0551. 

wnp fTtotUMt EpertOa Car- 
dene. New convention. Top -Wh 
floor crarmtna pted 4 «rr». 
Quiet wnn exceOenl views. 2 
eotelr bedrooms, tiled boat- 
room. separate sttower. ruuv 
Otted known CBoaeti’ « 
■Zarato'l GCH. c a rp iate and 

bUnffci (hrouqltoul. Low service 

charge Ready 10 move Into. No 
Agents. £139.000. Trt 01-573- 


of looking at 
unsuitable properties 
? I can find tfre ideal 
house or flat, In any 
price range & any 

581 2251 (T). 


A very wide selection of 
flats, houses, maisonettes 
& even a Barge for sale. 
From ' £48750 to 

995 8904 

R15 Large 3 storey prop, 
mures die. 4 beta Must be 

natcautt. fireplace/ Mtuuod 
pine interior mea attractive s 
bed houae modern kttctien. 2 re- 
cqtooia. nainroom. qo d troom. 
tc patio and garden, bmaculale 
condition. Barnet rata. 
£89.000 ono. Tel: 01 -361 9882 
eves. 01-657 2662 day. 

mures dec. 4 beta Mutf be 
vtamd. Odg fettns. £88,950. 

ty relurtasned bouse m private 
new- ‘L‘ shapeo dotmie recap. 
dunn« rm. « bedrms. a batttrms 
■2 en Mttei. guest cloak, new 

tony filled kuctien. Garage. No I 
Agents. Enlranditsabie L/hoMl 
iUOXHO Tel: 01-957-1193 

crescent}. Huge « floor semi de- 
lactted house. Enormous 
potential for conversion. Fee 
quick Sale, bargain price. Oitora 
welcome above £340.000. Tel. 
722 4228- 


Ctroica of three 1 bad ftafc on 
various terete tnxn £48400- 
£50400. to Tube. 

ROBOT VALE 3 batkoom 
rottage style pmoarty. Oozing 
Mb cfarm & character. Dng 
(mm FSCH. £96400. 

•226 0711 

WM 3 Bed punteon flat Good 

/ W*4 Sunny 1 bed 
llal In quiet no ttirougn road. 
Large roof terrace. Recently re- 
decorated. New fitted MKben. 
£73.000. Ter-Ol 346 8E02 
OMyj nos 1806 flEve s). 

ST. JOWSS WOOD 3 bed. mod 
flat- 2 baths, kitchen, large 

lounge. CCH. Porterage. Offers. 

Quick sate. Ol 289 6546. 01- 

eAnm. KKH. off street parti- 
al*. Move to Bnsioi forces 
Inunsdurs me. No c ha in. MM 
94 yean. £79J00 TN Ol 602 
ooaa 24 nova, view today 

794 7028 NO Agents 


totorwt from 11.9% 

Rbfnoi^ioBS. Totmi lores No status checks nutted 

For fnrtbor kitarnwtion caB 01-684 raa 051 u Rngai 

AH anquenas dpah vrtth prompdy 

KMOS X, New conv mats in tKttd 
terrace targe I ton recreation, 2 
beds, k /diner, terrace. GCH. 
£89.000. Tel: 01 387 1077. 

Primrose Hill. 3 bed. to* recent, 
petto. £146 j0O0 6X 5000 07- 

KHK& REACH Setection of 1, 2. & 3 bedroom ffets. some vrttti 
nver views. Unttegromd partmg. From DU4UQ - £258480 

KNJBHTSBRTOGE SWI Two bedroom top floor flat n prestigious 
block. Large recej*on sea. wtflry g 

SAYSWATBl, W 2 Two bedroom second floor corwarsioit in 
convenient position close shops and stations. £99Jffle 

PHBJCO SWI Quiet two bedroom Mews house oft Garden 
Square. 5 mms nver & station. £189.080 

01-930 7321 

OVO&OOMH Buttons Park. 
Lara* Mriod 2/3 bedr. Oat, 
£97.600. T. HOSKB9S: 730 

BEAUmn. 1 bedroom apart- 
ment m a prone arra Little 
Venter. £73.960 Tel 727 6181. 
FULHAM 1 dtrie bed qdn Oat Lfl* 
rtnp. Ill klL GCH. IK li III 
£72.000. Ol 228 6979. 
5*d fl«. qaraens end partclnq. 
«». Can^oOTeltM 26a « 1 26 
l*U«TW MJ Angel. £32^00. 

1 bsd OaL o/toOkina 
d«vd. Tel - Ol 857 6969. 

LET OUR LESS Do me WalKtato. 
Wr n Una your ideal home. Pe- 
l*v»n Rush 741 7127 
BfAiaLE ARCH Rudto/I bed. 
jeriice black, small potto. 
«*-0Oo Tel Ol 402 3928 
** IW^tefullr comerted 2 bed 
fwroen rur £w*.9CO Tel Ol 
602 7701 or Ol 422 2280. 
W2. I mm Hype Park. Rcny I 
nefl flat wim roof lerrac*. 93 
. yrs £66.000. 01-727 9703 

EXCmorr VtCTOMAM family 
hoioe wnn 60ft garden, a beds, 
hath, swob opei ktkhen/ (tot- 
ing/ family room, reception. 
uiUftv. shower and cloaks. Fire- 
place*. DoUtfica floors. 939 Ch. 
£246.000. 731 *448 m 
w um um stwho tws 

■arae 128x161. sunny 19 n. snj- 
dtocouia eanty be «vMcd to 
form maiw bedroom. Small 
Pb block dose to Vincent So. 
LfW «dpO tags. tee. 9$ yi*. 
£68.760 Tuckernun 222 6611 
WOODflK PAM R1S. 3 bed- 
room send. mwacume 
contuttor. luxury tathroom and 
kttetwn. central bearing, on 
• uni parking, near tube. Chain 
free quick sols required. 
£106X500. Tel: 01-446 7968. 
OUT NIKKI UL contained 
wltntn toe four walls of ms 
vast 4 brdrm house Hi 19 and 
coming El. £96.000. Gram & 
Partners. Ol 638 «fii. 

RHUM VAIX W9. Nr Uftte Wb- 
ice. Lower gnu floor 2 
bedroom Hal. 2 pans. Reduced 
for quick sate. £86.500. Ho- 
garth Estates: 373 9S37. 
MAM VALE 1 Sutherland Ave 
W9I Studio flat wttn galtenr 

C63JOOO: beautiful one bed- 
room rial £89.960. 2 bedroom, 
flal £82.000 «32 6734 ITJ. 
MLL MU NW7- Modem p/b 
maaoui 3 bod rial- good deco- 
ranve order, ws CH. entry 
phone. 1 5 mins City £64.000. 
01 906 2532 drier Sun. 

•AMICAff WXL Spsdous 3 bed. 
2 BoW» aodMeMWI nnp. du- 
p*e* penttmuse wun largo 

terrace laane 
121 yr tee. £187^00. Frank 
Harris & Co. 387 0077. 



shine up 
the image 

By Diana Wihfanan 

I Timesbare must now be considered an 
| established form of leisure investment as 
I tbe concept has already attracted about 
80,000 British purchasers into develop- 
ments both in the UK and abroad. 

However, like so many commercial 
i enterprises, there are numbers of less 
! than ethical operators keen to snatch a 
share of the profits. To this end, tbe 
reputable companies, which axe in the 
majority, have formed various seif- 
regulatory bodies. But until these small 
groups can link up to form a sizeable 

organization, their overall impact on the 
industry must surely be smalL 

The three mam organizations are tbe 
British Property Timeshare Association, 
the European Holiday Timeshare 
Association and the latest, Timeshare 
Developers Group. 

This last group consists of just six 
developers. They are: Barratt, European 
Ferries, Kenning Atlantic, Langdale, 
Mclnemey and Wnnpey. In addition, 
the two main world-wide exchange 

groups. Interval International and Re- 
sort Condominiums International, are 

Barratt Multi-Ownership has recently 
opened its seventh project at Leila Playa, 
a small beach-side development just east 
of Marbdla on the Costa del SoL 

The 53 smart, terraced apartments, 
many of them split-LeveL are built in tiers 
overlooking the swimming pool, and ail 

Timesharing os the Algarve: garden villas at tbe Foot Seasons country uud 

Magnificent clubhouse 
ana swimming pools 

have sea views. Leila Playa’s facilities 
include a £4 milli on clubhouse with a 
restaurant, sun terracing, paddle tennis, 
mini-golf and gymnasium. The focal 
point at Leila Playa is the garden, which 
is interspersed with a series of waterfalls 
and streams as it leads down to the 
swimming pooL 

Weeks, which are sold in perpetuity 
for the one-bedroom, two-bedroom and 
three-bedroom apartments, cost from 
£2.300, £3.350 and £4,650 respectively. 

to a high season price of £3.850, £5,250 
and £6 l 750. Barratt has established a line 

and £6.750. Barratt has established a line 
of credit with the Bank of Scotland 
whereby a 90 per cent loan can be repaid 
over 10 years at 2 per cent over base rate. 

Details are available from Barratt 
Multi-Ownership Ltd, 6 Half Moon 
Street, London WI Y 7RA (01-62? 2731). 

Mclnemey's first timeshare venture is 
the Four Seasons Country Club, set 
wi thin the Quinta do T-a gn estate on the 

Algarve in Portugal. It has as its focal 
point a magnificent clubhouse with both 
an indoor and an outdoor swimming 
pooL a squash court, children’s play 
areas, a snooker room and a restaurant 

So far 37 of an eventual 96 timeshare 
villas are complete. The majority are due 
for occupation by the end of 1 987. These 
air-conditioned fully equipped terraced 
villas are built in local traditional style, 
complete with red roofs and white- 
washed walls, and are set well bade from 
the clubhouse. 

Owners are guaranteed a 40 per cent 
discount on green fees at tbe famous 
Quinta do Lago 27-bole golf course, 
scene of the Portuguese Open for the past 
three years. Barclaytnist, in tbe Isle of 
Man, hold shares in trust on behalf of all 
Four Seasons members and every share 
is owned in perpetuity. 

Prices for one week cost from £3,900 
to £6*200 for a one-bedroom villa, and 
from £4,300 to £8,600 for a two- 
bedroom or three-bathroom villa. Ser- 
vice charges are £140 and £150 per week 
owned, wiib increases linked to the 
Portuguese cost of living. As with 
Barran's schemes, owners at Four Sea- 
sons are entitled to use the clubhouse 
facilities all year round 

Details are obtainable from Four 
Seasons Country Club. 140 Tabernacle 
Street, London EC2A 4SD (01-251 

La Manga, the LI 00-acre Spanish 
leisure estate near Murcia, 60 miles 
south of Alicante, now has its own 
version of timeshare. This scheme, set 
within La Manga, is called La Quinta 
Club, and at the moment consists of 30 
stylish two-bedroom and three-bedroom 
villas of an eventual 76. It has its own 
swimming pool and health club. 

La Quinta is selling weekly periods in 
one of four seasonal bands. Purchasers 
are entitled to take their holiday at any 

time within that span in periods of either 
three and four nights, or the . standard 
week, thus allowing great flexibility over 
conventional timeshare.* 

Facilities at La Manga include two 1 8- 
bole golf courses, a rackets centre, horse 
riding and a hotel. . . 

Prices range from £2.800 for a week in 
the low season band in two-bedrooms to 
£7,750 for a three-bedroom villa in high 

D etails are available from La Manga 
Club Ltd. 62 Brampton Road, London 
SW3 1BW (01-225 0411). 

The Old Course Golf and Country 
Club at St Andrews in Scotland was 
bought by European Ferries, the owners 
of La Manga, in 1982. It is now a smart. 

14 nights can be taken 
any time of the year 

147-bedroom hotel, complete with even 1 
facility, including a pro shop, a golf 
school and a health centre and a dub 
steward who. provided with eight weeks' 
notice, can reserve starting times on the 
four adjacent golf courses, including the 
world famous Old Course. 

Now its manag in g director, Jonathan 

knmtnn ic lino 1 100 rhih mpmlipr- 

Thomton, is selling 2,100 chib member- 
ship shares in perpetuity. Every share 
costs £10,500 and entities tbe owner, 
who incidentally needs to supply appro- 
priate references, to 14 nights' accom- 
modation, which can be take n any time 
of the year in any multiples of nights to 
suit. Ail tbe facilities of tbe dub. 
including the special members' bar. are, 
of course, available. Members also have 
tbe facility to exchange (heir accom- 
modation with that at La Quinta. 

Details are available from Old Course 
Golf and Country Gub, St Andrews, 
Fife. Scotland KYI6 9SP (0334 74371). 

Within the Division Befl 



Enchanting cottage in 
perfect co ndition . Swing 
room, (faang room, 
kitchen. 3 bedrooms. 3 
bathrooms, aU en suite, 
wine cellar, utility rm. 
WaBed garden. Freehold 




Superb 2nd & M Soar 3 bed 
rntfeeta Me recep. LA 
CzretaXw . 0** stfe at £24X500 

351 0077 

Ontow Gartens. Otfssa CMK 
aid HBfoundng ass. OaKy fss 
wtfi range of a cca m nod Hte n. 
Pices ton ZKUMO 

River Views ta tbe 
City uf Loudon 

Doutfo toft o w n. suing room. 
Mctat. bah art toAny. Wed 
ma naged 10 yew oW Mode mb I 
porter, low otfgan gs, tong to ne. 
Met an d boffi gmrtooMn g the 
Thames, yet 5 owMes waft Iran 

Limy 2 and. top floor fta. Pmao 
root terrace. ExcefaK views. 124 
yr. he. Phte 021500 
H 4 Old Bnwnpcon Road 

Light and pretty 
mrisooree on tbe 2nd & 
3rd floors of period house 
on comer of terrace. 
Entrance in Fawcett Street 
& private p ar king. 3 quid 
beds, bath, large drawing 
room, modern kitchen. 

CH. 95 years. 

Hatoced tor oerii sale. SuoBtdy 
decorated fmUd fttnse nerty 
ng. hdly SU U. 3 beta 2 
batbs. earn Large gge. Exc 
vabe ds&ODOAl afters mad. 
Pw roiaaseffi Meal hr young 
Dry Basnesmaa. 

81-221 3098/853 4530 

, — C tonw d Sorv«voiK-_. 

C laph am common 

•util not ora <nos or os onpsa team 1 
od *» aSMMfta fang iwpae; and 
a gng& « prassm 3 mauno wi ; 


Mran WC M Hictow BA Lsg> 
un n BBiy nn«we- 
EiJDUoo mod 

Vby ra» fleeauay » puman a ratfr 
MMM 3 s tonr c anto Bwowiy 
owtomg m csran twn ths oa 
M at at now tog* miMi mans 

01-352 1484 


jwtfy modansed garden Rat in 


BeaM4 4 impress** Vk> 

Mian res an l peactful gd 
sized plot set back f rom tne 
os order tbe accoro 

Luotus New 


For Stfe 

ft dr Sawced Mooring 


2 Bedroom, Saloon. 
GaRay/bner 8 SUxtedc 


KWGVrSMIBBE SW7 smartly 
itfuo aout o ta seen* mstgi 
HtfnitalM Z/Rreent.3 
bBtens. 2 mote batens SB yis 

DE tax owns m Start 2nd 

nr 3 tMdrm apai a new tony 
t a wtrare i Oner lotfa n g Kens»gmn 
Gaoens reft rertte awtticB. a raw 
93 e lease Dree on aopkawa 
R4MPSTEXD W3 m stoat) de- 
nari focaton wiSi ftOtfous wens 
ow LoBdon. v asasMe nevr am 
and a«ab 4 bednn acoom. Palm 
ta 2 an. 9S3 yr tase WSLOOtT 
For town prepater 

aem wa now a m* raan ms s 
MOnoni 2 tu m m ore. sap WC. Gvw 
am Mas* kb gtaai. E235D00 

I esnent order, in onoeful cut-dfr 
sac nrarans from Keah ad good 

sdBOte. 3 bedrooms, 2 iwanficns. 
tabmota Jtady. fitted Acta* 
hdl. utdtty @ store room, GCH. 
70* south facing garden. 


V 228 7474 ) 




SWI 5. 

Cine Intaeta Gate, 

tatata Ttat sm da ire re a 

Trt 01 002 5554 

road, ei exc order the aa 
he tee tope, sop (finer, tiLM. 
cfloro, 4 beta 2 bafts, oas eta 
beautStf oaresns. taSQJX 
01 724 0335 


In a Mamed doutxe fronted 
Woman We. a rawly 
ro nd en esed gtind floor fln 
tnMng use ot superb itJC 
west facrog garden and the 
added advantage ol off street 
parting. Reception room, 
5P8 dous Mtcben/breaidaa 
roan. 2 bedrooms end 2 
btfhroom s n en tOU). 



Detocme Strata 8 bedroom 
house. Double reception. 
Wtcfwn/tfcror. patto gsclen. 
ModarnlBBd and redecorated 
to exceptional standard. 

Hooper & Jackson: 

736 1161. 


ki aJJ areas erf London 
available from 
£50.000 to £1m. 
Open every day 
9 am -9 pm. 
CRAWFORDS 584 3334. 


Entire 1st floor tf tape sen* 
detached, 4 man. Mtfwn, bath, 
independent CH. imm ai u tatB. 
long lease. 

n47JN0 ono 

ToL 988 4883 

Sdtatotai Titfsi ape d» ire re n 
onnetecaUB. Spac nan met 3 
Its M» h vre nki bxton (knedy 
nteo writ 4/5 fab. 2 l&x. •» 
new. tads. Htftai, sea do. 
Sge^eni un. dDI« gg*. s/n 

01-38* 1257 (T) 

I omiwncil Coxy «ad of terrace 
conaga. 2 beds. kUctaen/otner. 

Mur pt. new Bathroom, carpets. 
OCH. rewired, replumbed. 
small. fforten. Additional 
Wiow/attMtkr/wor*mttap and ad- 
Joining st o reroom, dose to 


■Uton/park. £85.000 01-853 

jDfflf wnm & go 

01 60Z 2352 

2 bed. beautiful sunny 

£79.000 for quk* sale 
Private sale. 

Tel. 455 4215 

cm* (MM OU> TOWN. 

Bromfddo Road. Urg, !^ 


w wMi 

qrem* tarn, (hrouph recep 
j"j|ftortgI*« ft Waw . lira 
jOKtan /tero altfaM room. Donat 
windows to pretty secluded qsr- 
den. Bhenwer/unuiy room. 
cenar. Immaculate tamtty 
hwt. £166X100. TM: Ol 720 


Most attractive la &2nJ floor 
ma san eCB n the heart tf the 

contBon. 2 flats 
EHw. Bath; fitted Kit CJi 
^rorn* 7D wras 

91 930 6641 



> Sorb. arcttL des. 

Her. toe neceo. 2/Jocds. im. ml 
brth ♦ en nUt tfrwr. Soto level 
r. gdn + f. aatto, many umnd 
Miuq Often over Cia&ooo 
for quick sate. Today oi 604 
’ 9923 office Ol 328 8122 

UbM & aaoous 2 hed flat 
wfen reart property, ow- 

w w netaai •* n imncatt tonitan. 
Pnsidtap 3 Moo. Dotete recMKn na ? 
teener fl ft) Ktaan/stara rare Ut . 
Panes. Uwm Bn Ctt tone 124 
|US E239JD0 

01 «1 92M 

m WsRao Stteet, Loadan SW3 

wiew rtfirt property, owr- 
Bng attract comm pins. 20’ 


bUtrm. U cas dt Part sbare 
oi r/h. Etezabo. 

ol f/h. EHJL500. 

Q1-Z44 7337 

t tn — n r nn i tiOFD a bed mare, 
large roof terrace ooovnktm 
MrtC. £77.SOO. Jolm rnjlnml f 
POM 01 431 3104. 



eviumro MaryWbane. Prtrale 
cart) buyer uraenny requires 
short lease studio/ 1 bedroenwd 
Dal. TtK04Sifio292 tsunday} 
01-905 3698 I weekdays!. 

vn count, nwi. Nr dram 
Pk. Dbie bed. Recep. K & a 
Porter, un. Cm. Chw. i 37 yr 
tease. £69.000. Teli 01-219 
9021 (days) or 10286 ) SSOOIO 


Lusty retutrehed flat 2 
bedro o ms , badnotxir. stow 
room, tenge, ktaben. 24 how 
PHteraao. ttfl year tase. 


urnnodemised house. ■ 
Royal Avenue. Lags 
West facing garden. 
£405,000. T. 




TEL: 790 9560 

01 449 5991 

730 9937. 

ItaWHSIIIII Pretty 3 storey, 
rut fronted. Georgian noose tn 
oulet sireM. s nuns, from lube. 
SbecH. urge Mtdxn/dtncr. ai- 
reaeuve 5P wen-etodted 
garden. CI60.000. Tel. Ol B82 
3088 na/wMteods 

MMKM EC2. Several 2 and 3 
twd flats for sale on long leases 
from £1 15.000. Frank Harris & - 
Cm 307 0077. 

ww e w. na etimmiig 1/2 

MIHiaite 3rd dr of souffU 
after pb Mock veftti vtevn across 
Jakto-d fdra. bnmac COM swim 
many extras. Must be viewed. 
l2i year tee £130.000 Batty 
Steven Good 01 636 2736. 

SWd 3 bed flat. Soactora. newty 
I decerned. £69.960. No JOein. 
Tel 01 636 1931. 


in all areas of London 
available from 
£50,000 to £lm. 

datomr Dwhk apiwou. ese- 
gani Iff floor drawing room 
wkr balcony overtoiling 
Square, reyarate gaBcrled ciln- 
mg room. 3 necbins. 2 baanns. 
larae aorab Cacbw roor terrace. 
Offers over £300.000 Tel: «. 
370-7793 NO Again. 

ClAmwl GMMON - Ddumrul 
Jw bed nmUy lntTSd yds 
Cternmon. 27" rereo. kuetten/ 
diner, bam. cloakroom, balco- 
ny. ’reran,, mi ibmuu ^ 
USZAIO. 01-228 8978. 

W«*wt Large luxury tta t in 
converte d rtvsntoJe warettorae. 
2*n flw Vtows. Doable bed- 
wjflLnited maien. cm 
w«»Be. Pmate sale 
£1003100. ono. for quick sale. 
Tot 01-986 1068. 

a-«nu» sws Deuaxfui vie 

ten- house. 3 bed. date reoep, 
dltong room. GCH. ntted 
nets. 30- gdn. nminn VHw 

today, oi 27* 0001 . 

j ■ - CMy - Bow. 

Mgowaus tteSSm^oTrSo 

MSS W 0860 71 ISM. ™ 


MTKOI YteKD l bedreem fteltn 
need of a new tease of Ufe. Db». 
bed . recepttott. wun fireplace. 
Mi/ oreafeUff room. bato. 
366.000 731 44*8 m 
STACft AND he M avakaMe. SM 
£06.000. 20' bedroom. 19* re- 
ception. ml. bato.. batoonye- 
floor to ceding windows facing 
sauui. Cau 731 *048 m 
SWI. Ashley Gdnc. iff n balcony 
nu. 3 beds. 2 mtos. to r-aw. 
toe hneti/dlniTiq. Lee 115 yrx. 
6179.900. Hunter estates.' 62 8 

■AVfWATCR, Devonshire Terr 
W2. Bnffa. corrwoci 1 bedroom 
flat, well mmmataed. £61960. 
Hogarth Estates: 373 9657. 
MY5WATEK.' Deremswre Terr 
M3. BnaM-conreod 1 u edroow 
rial wot maintained. £60.960. 
Huga Wi Exudes: 373 9657. 
can s w ic n . soaoou* i bed ore. 
OCH. new dec A carpets, onp 
fere urea. nr hibe/ffxua. 
£64.960 TeL 01-995 0767 

PJttW PK mn Immaculue 3 
bedim Edwardian retrace, su- 
perbly restored. original 
Dreolaces. paved rear and from 
garden £160.000 .01-960-4112 

9 am - 9 pm. 
CRAWFORDS 584 3334. 


MBS HrtSffW beautfful 3 bed 
F/H house with maUo fled. Ft . 
ttaem order. Cstojxjo Oupne 
Property Lid Ol 989 3547. 
THREE BZ PffOOre mateotMM. 
Direct aeons PnUbeach Gdn*. 
£199.000. T. HOSKINS: 730 

WL wotoournc Park Rd. 
Unnaod MnHy f/hld with plan- 
ning lor 4 flan. £19B4XX> Ol 
451 4084/ 997 4967. 
modernise in good area. Pref 
SW10. SW3. TeWflMIM 0932 
49453 W 0932 66203. 

ckp.w a CLOtftiu sws i su- 
pen new i b c uru o m ca not. 
£127^X50 . Ateo 1 new 

fwdio seixxn ueoi a* mi. 
Completion December. Quick 
sate. 01 903 8151. 

awn entrance to mOou 
ac c omodat i on on three noos. 
Long teaaa and ready to move 
mm. Great value. Pliooe new 
and we today. £188.000. Ol. 
373 9821. 

ALLEN ST WS - A potenMiry «u- 
pertj imraonmow oenod | 
bouse casting «M3ous 
KPS S ttbtWI. a beds. 3 barns. 
2 rec eo»- bit., tovrlr rear gar- 
den and ptennuio parmireten ■ 
for rear extension. EkeHM 

CHELSEA. SWML Xmas Dsgalni ' 
Imntpcteate bnght 3 room Bdn ' 
(UL 124 Mr tee. £97,900 < 
prKnl for quick sate. Angsts 
Stanley 352 0080 or 362966*. 

MUST SE S SEN I Nr Embank 
imnL Very pretty secluded 2 
bed coitage wnn gam. *6 war 
tease. £189.000 Out*# Pntoff- 
ly Lid Ol 889 3547. 

SW7. Reduced Kir OTO Ur. 
immac i beg Bat w«n rooriHT. 
Receo. tn. nun. inn G-or. «2 
years. £36.000, HOLMANS: 
370 6781. 

SLOAKX; V) 9 rnijis. Ounntng 
rec/2 nea naL Mod K/ B-B7 yr. 
£89.000 Tell 01689-0773 
two/TWXe fuff, comae; in 
secluded courtyard, Mgaoeo. 
T. HOSKINS: 730 9957. 
MMCMR CONS Briglrt. 2 tad 

CffVSTffL niLACE 2 tad datura ! 
storey VKrortan house. Larue i 
rooms, overtook* park at from i 
LMW secluded gorareL OCH ■ 
rully modern Med. CB2AOO 1 
■ Tel: Ol 659 44 as iAfler Trent. 

KENHDiaToH SnCHMS mod. 3 
tad. apjk level RaL Lore or char- 

acw. 2 uns Oval tube, ora Ch. 

£89.990. Sun 582 aBSOAUn 
Frarer 567 1004 
MOOdlN 3 tad house to new 
mew, rtovatopttient 

XggSjta. Lujr kit. WMi Neff 


housa. Shot 
*■* wntrai vraaos and Bit 9 

btM - Se ctaa afl IZO x 60 ft ota 
tel. 299 2I9B 

Mposnree. garden. ga~c 
£120.000 731 1479 rr> 

LET 008 UGta DO UK Watting, 
wen hud your ktetf 
tenon Hush 7*1 7127 


3rd noor tut Comm. pans . 99 
yrs £89.000 01 727' #703 m 

Coodewd ob next page 

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* *- 

lor Four 

t he times Wednesd a y December \i 1986 ^ ^ ^ j 





<Sroig*I!r AND 

0579 70445 Anytime 


eras? ^s-sz ft 

£187,500 ' 

° 1 -— 0119 (Offlcw) ’ 8W 01-399 2934 

^ 1SlStt 0 JJS2 0 l!!H55I“ *° vimw - 

Hammtt Develo p mon ta » *n 


Cotbgra, Casdes, Manors or Mansions. Each month 
hundreds of old and historic homes for sale nationwide 
Buying or setting contact: 

Tel 09805-79*3/612 8 


New 5.500 sq ft detached 
property m private road 6 
bedrooms. 3 bsfflrooffls, 4 
r ece pti o n raws, fussy fitted 
warn taboo s*wot «9 poo) ft 
wan complex set « l m wtli 
ocapuini vwm. Oa* to U25, 
SR v* 35 ms. £4flSjOOa 
0883 712160 (T) 

# ^?r 

Gsnwru spaksh pbopbit ies 




An excEptronal Country Period 
Readme n rounds el-2 acres 
! **> wwnmmp poo), Tudor him. 
sttte btac* red paDDock. Ftf of 
chnetn. Very spagpus kveg 
acctmimodaiiOB and superb 
kitchen. 5 bedrooms. 3 
tattMoms, £380500. Me* & 
AMndpe. 01 734 5371 

CENTRAL Windsor lUed 1 
bed roomed first floor ruu. econ- 
omy 7 heating. t— 
condition £49.980 Td arrsSi 
»W8« Z 


mnw innevuz. south of 
Mtlion Keynes. Eustan 4S mini. 
Modem det 4 bed lw„ 2 
baths.. 2 rwmaa and 
study, pros 2 bed annex with 
own bath- Id|. and nee*. At- 
tractive rural village. views 
over OKU nwwrt . Good gon. 
Db*e garage and ample paHdnfl. 
Price tiasjooa. ret (09QfH 
643410 anytime 

COUNTRY HOUSE in »aoded ft 
acre garden, in durable 
Forahim Royal, ft hour rrom 
London, near Windsor. M4 
M40 and M2B. Flee beds, two 
baths, three recess. £198X00. 
Tel: (028141 6744 or (062861 




Treat yourself to a weekend 
retreat in South East 

-Luxury flats (heated 
pooUmnis courts etc) 
-Chores ot fisherman's 
cottages from £42^)00. 

-Meal area goff, sa*ng. 
fishing, riding, hang-glx&ig, 
diving etc. 

-Plymouth onlyB mfles 

Property fist available. 

Phan: (0752) 

REG 6DESr HOUSE 7 bedrms^ 
soj tows, paring. £79550 
gdns. Panuiiinic mews. £110500: 
DET. HOUSE containing 7 ssff- 
otamg fires. Inal gram. Ustl 
holiday or retoma M home. 

8 fireeRSWood 

(88045) 6863 

New detached property 
■ overlooking river. Boat store 
and garage under. 2 bed flat 
dose to Carre* Roads. 
Excellent safiMg. £65.000. 

Tel: Truro 
(6872) 865313. 

MEAN AXMltfim.' Favoured 

•Stag. Modernised 4/5 bed 

house. 2 rvoePS. 3 bams. fined 
UKhen. CH. wailed anrden. 
£89.800. Tsl: 10747) 2680 

NOCK • Goti honse. Three bed- 
room*. Secluded dhatton. 
aoae le 9BH corns* and beach- 
es. £46.000- T«t <09261 

Luxury apartments from E1&000 
Farmhouses for conve rsi on - afi ready 
Resale villas and apartments 
Business (Hotels. ResTnta., bars, shops etc.). 


Mortgages arranged with Spanish state Bank. 

Ring us today for free registration & 
fist of properties and businesses to suit your requirements. 
(Hotels, Bars, Restaurants, Shops, etc.). 

PHONE: (0474) 325646/7/8/9 

Overseas Property Brokers 
O.P.B. lid. 

Could save you £ 1,000 s 
when buying or selling 
Overseas Properly. 


Can im e mN and reskfemf prep- 
are tram £25400. Ful advisory 
urea tarn p ritoscrat canatf- 

HadfieU Howe. lAmy SL, 


TefcSSO 72281 , 

Tatar 23Z7 EK. 


Use our years of experience to guide you. 
Complete choice of villas, towniiouses, 
apartments. Weekly four-day inspection 
trips £75 per pereon in January. - 

Cciji:: HrSCSutf 

'•■rS! *t«t H>; OvU 40457? 



FOR SALE Uw e re f ni sU mei. 
(4aoe bouses. cam*, nvy mi 
hnd. Nr Lucca. Florence. Ib* com 
I MD0. ureanoMOBd « mad* 


■ebedy dees It better! 

ComaiMwsi** (MM oi lawn 
pmpMKa too £35.000 ■ £300,000 
Fa tsectas. pton* a «nt 
(12), Sfcptoa BncroO 
P iu d dwts Hares*. 
fUnr Street. 
Nhdnr, Berks. 

Tat (1753) 866Z76. 

tram £15,000. Bnfeh raw and 
builders oiler beaulilul rural 
properties. Private design 
comma oa aijo undertaken In 
(kra do Lame and the Portuguese 
enuare sde. Meat m London and 
the A fame Cocoa Ur Mrtmf 
Breen Tetaphone 01 221 2985 

Crown Marine 


The most desratte onset 
property m Uietas, Crown Ma- 
rine enjoys a sheltered 
somhem aspea. located be- 
tween (he two major trarioonal 
Mels ei uos lovely resort 
Minutes from Palma itself. 
Crown Marne s also dose to 
god courses, terns courts and 
beaches. At Crown Marne you 
rave a cfcraeol two and three 
bedrooms, large Dung rooms 
mUi udorgeRaUe views, two 
bathrooms, fitted tauten and 
private parking. In addition 
(bare are tare pools, set m 
magnificent landscaped 

Crown Marne the ideal invest- 
ment m resort bung. 


; 1E,:I4;T7 

F/ Hold praps In unepodt 
coastad wfiagas for 
ran oadon from £3000. 
Rasato apartments + wBas 
from £9400. F^pds, 
tr a n sp or t + accom 

FOr brochure phone: 


Pte (0708) 65044. 


VBas 5 apartments In Costa Oal 
SoL Costa Benca A PonupaL 

TO ww>/iiii> 

SuteUiead inspection fMits 
and finances arranged. 

TEL 41-504 2178 


Malaga u> Estepooa. We cm 
offer wide range of new 
propert i es near beach or in 
W 03.000 - £250.000. 
Regular inspection ffigtns. 
Fwtnekm i rtp la c 
#1-551 <825. 
Ow t e ae VU. 
Gannfe Hse. 43* IfiehSt, 
BretngsMe, Dfcrt.So. 

MMS BeauUltMlji pMlUnned nvw 
2/3 bed asL ift mil e s from 
beach. Small oomanunUv 
with all CacUmes. £40000. TW 
0204 696660 level) 

LA MANGA ore Los Alloa VBU. 
3 bedroo ms . 2 bethroorm. now 
tor sale. Td evenings Paw 
4709 daytime 0296 4363S3 

COSTA DO. SOL Ml tnaoe. 
SunsM Orach Club, apartment. 
Mem 4. weeks 20 + 21 (RED) 
£3.500 per weak. Tel; 0224 


PORTUGAL Tbnosharr. Praia Oa 
Oura. Week 42. 2 bed. 2 bath, 
lounge and din wo area, tope 
balcony overlooking pooL Stop 
6. £6w60a Tel 0292 74333. 

LONDON lust on KaVnpon High 
Sow. Apartmem Mbeps 4 One 
week, md March, annually. 
Ideal For auctions, art gaUerie*. 
theatres, shops. £9.900. Total 
979 3088. 

LOdae NO 24. SIPS 6. SUsetrtHy 
•quipped. Wire 18 A 38. 4 mb 
A Vienna*. £5.000 each or 
£9800 the pair mm. Walker. 
(0245) 420648 / 466685 




£275 p.«L 

Srnah deligWul aj Hrtnw tt in 
sapm consul yu i monati from 
Regents CMI. 2 beds, 2 baths, 
raca, sfiidy. superb ki 

Lift Ve*8 OftaE BU286 <832 

£238 p.w. 

Bright raiaxate. aS new 
dectHtiiDus/fiiiisiings. 3 beds, 
ladi & sftwr, ctrte recap, Ad at, s. 
faano patre. _ 

Nn| ■ HcKlf-221 3»: 

£550 pjv. 

' Pretfy bouse, mertoolanq ganfen 
ware. L-sbaped drarfng im, 
ding nu, study, ffldL 2 beds, 2 an 
sues baths, targe grin. 

CWsaa Office n^B9 5211 

£1298 p-W. 

Spedacdta 3 bedroom perdmae 
I fia tawrmg jaoed lath & rein 
shower. Private terrace. 

H|8b M Office 81-282 5tn 


£325 ear. 

Atndiue 8th floor ddty fimfod 
fid ii wafl run btoefc. Double + 
statfe bed, rec,ff tt + 

athini Graham 

Office tl-aa «H ^ fita H ai n Ofifce tr 

a iubtutonrolPrudemalProoeHySorvicmlM 

£231 p.«. 

Vary attract** naihr frenished 8 
dacuiread 2 bad 2nd Hour (tat wdi 
preffli rod terreca. Lift. AwL bow 
far 6 mnths +. Co leL 

Ptafici Ofike IHM fiSSS 


£128 p.w. 

Large 1 bed ftat at smart) focaton 2 
iras bum Fulbam Bdwgy it pretty 
treaJnal stred dose to tube. 
Ftacaa hfi, bath. 

Fan Office 81-731 3111 

£170 p.«. 

Kaw^docontsd fiat in ^a detached 
house doea to RUanore] Park. 2 
beds, recap, tat. bath, doak. Co tat . 
WtabMai OIBck Dl-Mfi 9M5 

£180 p.w- 

OBfigHW t nadon 2 bedroom 
n a ta on ed e wift towiy riews of 
Mar. Bccdtart kfehat. paridog. 

Docttak Mfcc 8U538 4321 i 


£500 p.v. 

Unfurnished affiac&re modem 
mews fun nWi double gge. 
Spscrous 1st floor fining mom, 
dining mi, 4 beds. 3 baths. Co let 

Kaottagtae Office SI-937 7214 






Brand new studio flat decorated to a high 
standard. Available for long let £175 pw. 


Ideally situated in the heart of Knights bridge. 
Available for long/short let Flats with 2 beds, 
recap, kit and bath from £250 pw. Some maid 

01 584 3285 









Two besuiM 3 tw fiats. 2 sfagant 
racspPon ream. 2 Bsttsuam. 
E550 top E5DD pw. Compaiy to 




01 225 1022 

Properly Management Services Ltd 

Hampton & Sons 


mUj a !C hi; 




Newly dacoretad Hat on rtased ground Root. Lge Siting Rm & 
BL 2 Dbte Bads & 1 Bathrm. £350pw. 

Suparto taww grauid floor flat Lga Snlng Rm/DWnQ Ita, Gas 
lag flfss. Httfld KS. Utfifiy tam Beds. Batftnn. Qkrm. 
FkxxW Gdn ft Consarvstoty Ana. £45^w. 


Attnc&va Maws house consisting of 3 Bads, 1 Bath, Lga Sitting 
Rm. XJtcim £375pw nag. 

jAMuS hi CUSS 

r®S 53 I!ZEt 

» - ■ oi HiliJIn 

cMimiCE dy nnto Vfictorl 
an town houac atUacr m A w 
CRM. tpodoa t. vers aa*. 

many inleratom 

Uirautft lounge, taro* kattten/- 
family room. 3 bMreom. awe 

«udM/ 4th dbWioj. hajh- 

room, cloakroom. Gas e/h. 
prcMy wMKd garde n, car park- 
trig mace available. Offtr* oyer 
Js»OTl. TMaoasssi 311302 

MOUTH SUFFOLK Exceptional 

al mUi level design- «•*£* 
SartSir £83.000. Te«3602 

8S63I rDayi 74i 1JT rEvn) 



TEL: 01-790 %60 


MMUpOM SW19, Oe* r»e. 4 

iZ^iJ^isaSjOO. Tel: 
01-047 6363 

M— ai ITKITl SW19 6 new. 3 
rece PS. swni del to 
rm »arton. oeartuBO-heenoM 
£ 1 9S.OOO. Tel: 01-947 6363 


Would wu Bka rcur owi hone in 
the sn? We hne hsuy vHk ft 
apwtnmts far sale, hspectkv 
ruos. France matte. 
Kswtrt voKtnn to buyers. 

So far a prompt pssxof sovtoe. 
by the people wto cae- 

PO Box 14. Hyde. CheahSe. 
( OBI 351 ) 1623 124 bon). 



Charang coogv ta nwr aa do ac. 
Ira nettn. Danravncvy dtotig 
raora. Modem uaw ana Bathroom, 
□rente Mnn. Am! non. 6 monos 
Company Let MOO Ov mg 
NnMy - dec gnono red trt fir ABs- 
crstB. Skiing rm. dtang rm suxrt 
ncton. dreMa twttm. aw txdmv 

W Batanan. Lowly _pnden. 
■row. Loag (to Its. ESM p.v. 
107 Wriha Strart, 
London SW3 2«» 
Tatophona: 01 581 8216 

BawaMy dac. gnwnd fiaor 
fto hi cm&s age. 2 Pads.. I 
recn. 2 bads. wvIFF. M. 
Aud now far tang Qo. LaL 
E275.Q0 pa. 

Qnmm Hwta) AS* n 
antol PtataiL BadViKBD. 
1 bath and F tt. Avail new 
far tang Co Lit £11580 pw- 


TR 8256 72 29M 


ff flat 2 bedrooms, 
bathroom, hunge/dlner, 
fatchoi. Oestrabte location 
irmnedirte occupation rent 


superb 2 bedrooms. -2 
baths, kunge diner, mod 
kitchen, ail new appliances, 
lumirtttd high standard 
fmmdMi occupation rent 

^ 01-629 66 04^ 

15 Plaza Estates I 1* Plaza Estates 

Bood vacfta daw t apmant to 

hfis behind Qott d'Azur, St 
Maxima ft Pt Orfmaud, witti 
port, tennis and maptiflesm 
view. Prices from £314)00 
apta. ffilAQO houaas. 

TEL: (0865) 513826 


BSSBwtoft none- unge ***»■ 
a men. sudy- ** u, F u* ^7 
bato. 3 attwr. 2 wrc^J* 11 : 
Ctinaarv. garden. <m^ew-«y 
panra gdte Nr 
Lock £199.750 01-892 6SZS • 

Los Christianos also San 
MigueJ golf course. 
Apartments & villas. 
New/ resale. Inspection 

8509 816022.(7). 

Dalightfut village 
house, 4 beds., huge 
living room, w.opeo 
fire, renovated and 
equipped, phone, 
garage, etc. £&K. 

Tec Diana Bauer. 

' Modem tod 
ilglit. £135 pw. 
arSTAN PLACE, SW1 1 bed. 
manor designed. £235 pw. 
MMy oaeurated wen balcony. 
E235 pw. 

ROSARY QMS. SW7. 2 bed. 
Vary spams flak. £250 pw. 
riarnmn house with pretty 
ganlsn. £350 pw 
ffigUy iMMHadad tar 

towwawtoi ftHgOaMa 

■ wf T W ? Wfc nr miwm * OT. 

01-370 4329 


SUmmg ms 1 Exctileffl modem 
ttt on faa floor or mtj weU-taxwi 
Hack. 3 beds. 2 faint tt recea 
Kit Bdc. Gge. tag la K00 p.w. 

01 724 3 m 

. 01-72431W-- ..01 -Ml 7545 • ' 

PERIOD HOUSE Luxury 7 beds, 
fi toms. I i/2 twin London. 
AVMUM I4r B h? 4 moMhi 
rrom Jan. £3.000 oan bid gar- 
dener and daily here. Td; New 
Romney 0679 62156. 

UMSQUE 3 bed ur floor (1« m 
very Miractlve bulkllng a baths, 
recegt/dming. aceOent Ml gee 
eh. vtase etitry Dbane. CS75 gw 
Bensons 01 222 7020- 

01-72131C0 CT-ifllJblC 

MW5 Luxury 2 bed s/c gdn Abl 
10O yes Hamasum Hanoi. CH. 

*el Wide owners 
■broad £160 pw .-Ol 5*7 8A«a 

837 SStt The number lo remem- 

wr wnmi seeking best rental 
.roBcrtre in central mm p r i m e 

Lom» am £iBO/i2Aoopw. 
CHELSEA. Surer* (m hw wfch 
mcr views. 4 beds. 3 ram. 3 
bam. Details 286 t Iso rnT 


Urgently require top 
quality rental flats/ 
houses in West/South 
West London for 
awaiting executive 



luxury 4 bed 2 bath town 
house ftify fitted and furn- 
ished to high order. Excetfert 
location doss to all amenities, 

01-794 8298 

lux fto/housc. ire 10 caoogw. 
Usual Ices red PhUllps Kay a 
L ewis. Souui of me Pan, CM- 
sea oKice. 0t-iM Bill or 
htofli or me Parte Rcgenl K 
Pars office. 01-586 9882. 

j An scorn be 

t i a? A Ring hand 

Residential Lettings 

NIQl Four bedroom 
house. AvaSaUe 1st 
January. £250 per week 

S&GATE. Three bed 

luxury flat £260 per 

01 883 3255 

off Curzoa St 

2 bed flat fully furnished 
available now £290 pw 

01 4SS 4215 
0836 215251 


debgnuul funusrred flat, newly 
rafurti and decorated 1 bed. 1 
recept. Jdidtoi and buhrelus 
toW South foditg terror*. On 
tiiamdctiw. all amenities Co let 
prrfered £175 pw M Ol 6Z9 
6102 ITl. 


testdlfuBy ranovatati, to>y 
wrnshed. ground Boor 1 
bedrtxm nn wWi 
Victorian fireplace md 
gas fired central 

sw* Superb newly rerurtdstwd 
ratosxm flat oFIertpg sgaaoi a 
accom. Stunning marble on- 
nn«e ton. 2 cxcdtoii tge 
Rtcen^ 3 bus. am /Lge study. 
3 BaM a (1 with laciKW). lge ai- 
unnree Shwr Rm. amerh 
JJgtai style kU/Seftk- 
56ww. Goom 828 BSS1. 

CoBtnned oa 




The Marketing Director of an 
international pic needs a superb P. A. to 
assist him in their London Head Office. 
This prestigious position requires a person 
with sophistication and poise to liaise with 
the senior members of British Industry and 
Government. You will be involved with 

arranging presentations and entertaining 
V. I. P.'s. An ability to communicate is 
essential as you will be participating in 
exhibitions and involved in market research 
on behalf of the company. 01-4999175 
Good benefits. is hwoveb sawi 

Skills Wl/50. FIN£^£ 





An exceptional but genuine career oppor- 
tunity for a lively PA/ Sec to join this young 
Director forging new paths in foe challeng- 
ing world of PR /Advertising. The Company 
is expanding rapidly and is involved in all 
aspects of advertising from location 
filming to presentations etc Excellent 
communication skills and the ability to 
communicate at all (eveb essential. If you 
are in your early 20s and would like a real 
challenge please telephone 01-493 5787. 


Rcatntmeni Consulum* 

PA Communications 

C. £11,000 

Two senior directors need secretary/PA 
to deal with clients, meetings and 
events, correspondence and crises in a 
calm and competent fashion. In addition 
to the normal secretarial skills you 
should have experience on a word 
processor, preferably on IBM Display- 
write 3. 

Please write enclosing a c.v. to Mrs. 
Maureen Freer, Administration Manager, 

Charles Barker Communr- 

j— - cations Ltd.. 4th Floor, 

1 1 Chronicle House, 72/78 Fleet 

Street. London EC4Y 1HY. 




c£9,000+ Benefits 

The Administrator of our newly developed Private 
Psychiatric Hospital in London NW1 requires an 
experienced mature secretary. A good educational 
background is needed together with audio and word 
processing skills. Confioerrtiafily is important as is 
the need to use initiative and discretion. 

For further details please telephone or write to: 
Personnel Dept, 1/5 Radnor Waft, 

London SW3 4PB. 

Tel: 01-351 1272 



Temporary secretary required for up to 6 months. 
Fluent French/English, for foreign government 
office in SW1. Good shorthand and typing skills. 
Salary £&500 plus benefits. Possibility of working 
permit and permanent position in August 
Please send CV to: Administrator, Quebec House, 
59 Pall Mall, London, SWl . 


^ (’ K l r» E N T I A L W 

Due to our continued expansion H*e now require 3 further 


For our recenfly opened Highgafe Village office. Ideally 
mid 20 s, of snarl appearance, lively enthusiastic and 



We are a tearing consultancy m executive search and selection tor 
Ondat/Sem Marajemeni ap pontran s . WO requrc a mane. 28+. 
ammmed secretary tot a busy consultant. The work mvotws dea6ng «dh 
clients and candWaes and afl die assocssed admimstraaon. If you would 
■joy me challenge d a vaned and ptesansed erottanq day m a bvely. 
friendly office and have sfwrtfand and WP erpenenee (proenfUjr Wsngfwe 
■add Me » hear from you. 

Please send CV or telephone for a personal history form rjurtog rderence 
49030/T ta- 


1-2 llunoMer St ra ti, 

London W1R 9WB, 

01-734 68S2. 


It you have excellent speeds (100-60). are hart-wriana adaptable 3nd 
haw an nterest n wme. you may he the person me are tootas tor Thu 
is a demanding postal wwtatg for two Onrcrars and proning tiaii-up 
far a Qusy sales team. Would seat someone braftl and att u sasa c with 
some previous expenence. 

Languages an advantage Salary £8.000 

Please call Claire Gordon-Brown 01 637 0387 



Requires experienced 
secretary/ nurse for 
interesting ortemetiond 
practice. Starting February 
TS87. Good salary. 

Please mae to BOX F32 

Miet have good secretarial/ organ Rational skills, 
preferably WPexperiencc. Salary cJiti.OOO AJLE 

"telephone: Martin Wire on 




Required for West End 
Antique Shop 

Please contact 
01-969 2960 


For partner in conaHWg 
practice. Abtoy to organfco 
is essential plus tumour and 
faultless sec sloOs. 

Real Mars p teai a cafiUm 
on 01 370 1204 tor tn ter rie w 


Requrea Sec retay/ 
Admnstratw crmahdBy far 
busy man road office. Sim 
knowledge of bussass and 
teraphoiaxgrk peered. 

£7^00 plus. 



Required for specialist 
Department In Central 
London Estate 

Agency. Must be 

competent, have 
initiative, good 
secretarial skills and 
an abiity to 
administer. Age 20-35, 
driving licence. 
Salary EKMMOpa. 

Tel 221 3534 
ret JMH 


Tta Designers are pratessiaod 
tad young. Hay create fabu- 
lous projects wOh Waftman 
playrg n their ora. You haw 
mope with da odd glass id 
dampers wtx 1st trumgon the 
tiff. Sounds different? nan if 
you SftL 

Cafl Lynn LaiL 

Staff latRxfacTioas 
TEL: 01-486 6351 



Tremendous opportiraty far 
8 capsule mature secretary 
(80/55) to join City 
investmant company. 
Organise 4 dashing ptres Vi 
luxurious surroundings. 
Hours 10.30 to 3pm. 
Numerous perks. 

Tel: Susie Dormer. 

Monument Personnel 626 
8524 for an immediate 


For me best renal selection of 



in pnma London areas 

Z70 Eats tort toad, S15 
91-244 7353 

CAMMJW awtnom Stoat* 
souw swi ewnuonu a 
Of diuom resilience ideal for 
wan) enlenalttfnq Suu eiirio- 
Rial or lop ntniHv« Available 
22,- « E6SO ajr. For funfter 
dejaU* Phone Grew Fiber at 
Townendk Oi TSbeiio 

2/3 A 4 BEDRMD House, *nd 
dais for mmng & lenutp in the 
NW London area Tel. 01-951 
5790/S797/5816. Fax 01 961 
4623 reaumun fnvestntwnta 
Lid. 1 Morley Hw. Buckingham 
PCL Edeware Middx HAS «lp 

BAYSWAIER, superb Duplex 
apartment. 2/3 bees. 1/2 recep. 
new tteror/rum. 24 hr veuntv 
In tux Mock. Avail now. 
Short/kmo let From £376 pw. 
Tet Ol 486 4266. 

CHELSEA KnfghMnlrige. Betara- 
vla. Pimlico. Westminster. 
Luxury houses and flats avail- 
able for long or short lets. 
Please mw for current UsL 
Codes. 69 Buckingham Palace 
Rd. SWl. 01-828 8261. 

ST JOHNS WOOD sudn aarem 

cmcLmuk musoNerre wraay 
tocmed for KiUqhbbrtdBe and 
South Ken. 2 <JW twdroofm. si- 
ting room, k and b. colour TV. 
Full ch. CHW and elec toe. 
Holiday or Co let. 3 months 
max. £360 pw. Tel 391 2939. 

Team Spirit 


Excellent opening for an outgoing capable 
young person lo join this dynamic PR 
Company. Working. with 2 young executives, 
you will enjoy total involvement with projects, 
presentations, press functions and releases 
etc. A relaxed, but very busy environment 
you must be flexible, willing and happy to 
become part of the team. Skills 70/50. 
Age 20+ . Please telephone 01-409 1232. 

Recruitment Coni.ult.ifll- - 1 


Make sure fours is a pro fi ta ble one! 

As an experienced secretary with extensive 
knowledge of word processing, particularly 
IBM Displaywriter, we can offer you:- 

• Up to £7.00 per hour 

• Overtime pay 

• A friendly professional service 

• A selection of Londons top assignments 
To join our team of valued, high calibre 
secretaries, please call Camilla Arnold on 
01-631 0479. 

Seer Selection 



The Spanish Government's Export Promotion Office in 
London requires a Secretary for one of its Divisions. 
Working knowledge of Spanish, good standard of 
typing and shorthand, numerate, methodical, vrefl 
organized, flexible attitude and willing manner, all 

Five day week. 9 to 5 pm. Four weeks holiday a year. 
Salary negotiable according to skill and experience. 
Candidates please write with C.V. to: 

The Administrative Director 
Spanish Promotions Centre 
22 Manchester Square 
London W1M SAP 


Secretaries and Receptionists urgently 
required for busy assignments with 
prestige clients in Central London for the 
last two weeks of December and New 
Year. Top rates. 

Director's Secretary! 

Up With the Lark i" 

£ 12,000 

T he M P of a maicr conrm;in:caoi>ns _ 
company neds a PA wfOan **» i- aa??> 
to make an eaxiv sist hj a busy : hours 

S-G3ani-5.I£?m. You “ill he working 31 ’ 

at the most coendania? and senior ievel and wiu j 

be ablejo strain a pressurised workload n a ! 

stimubane and cwnt enrironmcnL 'Korkin,: 

band in hand whh foe odser PA rwho stare and ; 

finhbes Lairr .. you will both report directly 10 the 
M.D. and have iupsrrx areas o' t responsible r> - 
Ihis job presents an oxeBm: opporiu=;^ tors ! 

secrerarv interested in gaining experience a: me 
hi^iet level bu: briniabie at thetame rene to ; 

share the ioari o: a truly heavywidght position. ' 

Speeds 1 22 '62. Age 26-2S- 

Please telephone 01-437 15M 

MacBlain I 


& Associates Ltd 

z\^y 1564 ; 

Recruitrrer: Casaatarra i30 Recer: Szrec. 

Lonior. WlRrrE 


riT«T< I*Fv- 




* We requirB a gteiresrons. stee»y-o«ved youna^ person 

Professional PA 

£11,000 + benefits 

A superb opening for a tip-top PA to join 
foe Real Estate Direerorof this Investment 
Company In a fast moving environment you 
will operate across many levels, liaising, 
organising and co-ordinating. As well as 
excellent skills ( 100 60+) you roust show 
confidence, integrity and self-motivation. 
This is a career opening offering real 
prospects and a team environment. Please 
telephone 0l--»93 b“8". 


01-730 2212 




Why spend time and money travelfing to work when 
you could work locally m a beautiful listed bidding 
with an indoor garden? 

Our efient a Design Company specM M ng in Italian 
lumishmgs, seek an aocompahedmNSt to join their 
small and friendly team assisting with the day to day 
running of the office. This position would suit 
someone with a sales/marketing background or 
someone capable of thinking on their feet in a 
sometimes frenzied environment. Skids of 80/60 
plus excellent presentation. 

£9,000+ free lunch. 

Please Tel Amanda Dawes on 01-931 2401 

Opportunity to use Supervisory & 
Admin Skills 

Office Administrator South of the River 
circa £9,000 

Successful Mail Order Fashion Company 

Due to expansion we seek an experienced office administrator, 
aged 2S-56 tc take on the day to day aflmrniflrative man a gement 
of this rapidly devek»mQ company. Reporting to the Matagmg 
D rector, responstfalraes will mdude s^wvwm of staff , 
streamlining procedures, development of new products/designs. 
A methodical but flexible approach combined with a cheema 
personality are important attributes. Car driver and typing 
essenteL The' appointment to commence on 5th January 1987. 
Applications in strict confidence with CV to: The Managing 
Director, James Meade Stmts Ltd, 302-304 Barrington Road, 
London SW9 7HW. 



The Lord Chamberlain's Office at St James’s 
Palace invites applications for a post of 
secretary in the department responsible for the 
Royal Collection. 

In addition to a high standard of typing and 
shorthand, applicants must have a knowledge of 
the arte - preferably the decorative arte - and 
sufficient experience and initiative to organise 
and run an office, together with an ability to copy 
type French. 

Starting salary, for those aged 23 and over, 
£7,628 (inducing London Weighting Allowance) 
rising by annual increments to £8,7a1. The post 
is pensionable and offers 22 days paid holiday 
p.a. Free lunch. Parking available. 

Please apply in writing to: 

Surveyor of The Queen’s Works 
of Art, 

St James’s Palace, 

London SWl. 

Admin/Liaison PA 

to £10.000 

Top jnb tor an experiencrtf r-elf-a>?ured 
proft^-inna! P-\ in an ru-ilinc V tart -up' 
situation Tor an interna l ionaf rtimpam. This 
xt ill lie a challouuini; • > rf-nrdjnatjng liaiiin? 
p»Ih — Hftlinu up i-vstem?. ImubMinniing. 
pniures^ cha-ina. uft'ii e admin elc. Enerav 
sparkle and a confident approach imjuirtant. 
£\»T*llcnt -kill- f lJ f) h0» iwiue-fc'l. Plca.-e call 

ni-uw 12£>. 


Our Chief Executive and Director of 
Marketing Services both urgently require a 
PA/Secretary. The successful candidate will 
be articulate, accurate, smart, flexible, 
willing to get involved and have the 
capability to deal with the woric load of two 
Directors. Minimum age 26 with at least 5 
years experience at Director Level. 
Attractive salary - negotiable. 

Please telephone Ros Wiltshire on 
01 549 5011 

for an immediate interview. 


Needs a Secretary 
wrth good auefio typing 
skirts. Salary c £9,000. 

C.V. to Alicia Vaax, 
P Soonzboenie 
& Co. 

125 High Hotborn, 
London WC1V 6QA 

Happy Christmas Carol . . . Holly and Ivy 
say take a bough . . . bob bob bobbing 
from Robin . . . Hot Christmas 

pudding from an old flame . . . and 
other tidings of great joy. 


CHELSEA, lux. s/ c sunny axudlo 
M In krvtty house. FoUmway 
dMe bed. Anttoue furniture. 
mw camels. KM., new MOn-rn. 
Avan now. £96pw. 362 9081. 

HCMIY a JAMES Contact ns now 
on 01236 8861 tor me best se- 
lection of lumated iuis an i 
bouses lo rent in Kiugtusomne. 
Chebce and Kensington 

international executives 

UmenUy rnmire ruw & homes 
m Central London from Li 50 lo 
£2-000 pw. Please call Salii- 
Owenor Lomdne Camuneil on 
OI-9J7 9684. 

Wte mats m us. Snort/ lono stay. 
S/C with i v. Phone. CH. Stu- 
dio/ i bed / 2 bed nats. From 
< 9 w. Ctmtact Gary oo Ol 
221 7627 

HANK uroenfly m. 
Wlrp luxury flaS/ftoust*. 
Otwseo. K nWiU trkwt. Benra- 
rt a areaa, p op . £2 j 300 pw 
Burgess Estate Agents sa i 5136 

ALLEN OATES A Co have a tan* 
wtecifoo of flits h house! avail 
tor MM / RMrt lei Rn Cl 50 00 
P.W. 01 499 IfifcS 

CHELSEA. Attractive 114. 1 hn^e 
recepaon. dMc bedim, kitchen, 
bar firm. mUo OCH Cl 90 pw 
Inti. 01-351 5670 

Dble Bed. Spacious Rewp. 8alh. 
Smart Kll 1200pw. Bnnluin & 
Reeves 938 3622 

HOLLAND PARK Attractive «u- 
aout 2 bed flat In p/d Uara 
Available immediately 

£266PW- TW OB9S 7TBSE7. 

KENBOtSTOH Bl Surrovmtlnfl Ar- 
eas Flats h Houses available A 
warned from GlBOil^OOpw. 
BOntlpm & Reeves 958 3522 

IADLET HOUSC NWi. 2 bed lur- 
ntshed 3rd floor flat C/H. 
CHW. porter. Hit. 2 mins Baker 
Sr line. £226 pw. Tel 01-994 
7810 Day 01-886 7830 Eves 

Wl fully fumtmed large 9etf - 
contained 1 bedroom Dal. Com 
pani lei. Cto9e lo tube. 
C120pw Tri- Ol 486 0682 

AVUABU NOW Luxury flats 6 
houses £200 - £1.000 oar week 
Tel: Buroeaa SB1 6136. 


Kerainmon CM T v. 24 hr 8w. 
Telex. Coumohem Apartmenb. 
01-373 4306- 

H LONDON, spactons fmfshed 
family house, garden For com- 
pany leL TufneJl Park. £24o 
pw Inc. Tel Ol em 307S 

W2 Lurary 3 bed. r/rumtahed 
PmUiouse rial near Hyde Park. 
£220 pw. T.P.M. 446 2026. 

Wandsworth spacious double 
bed I Lai. EMOpcin Inc CH. hot 
«*atcr. Trt. Ol 871 2424 (day). 

sloame APARmorra Ported 

tecninm off sioane Square. 

ssferaffA-*- - -™- 

UL hath. Milo. 6 mmse. £140 
pw. Ol 430 1333 / 370 6919 

SW1B 1 Bed newt} 1 flat with 

PftUo Co Let £XSOp.w Dupre 

Property Lid Ol 589 3647. 

F W CLAPP rManaosnem Ser- 
vices! Lid reaidra properties m 
CentraL South and W«q Lon- 
don Areas for watting 
appUeantt t«3 Ol 221 8838. 

W2 - Superb one dMe bed flat In 
gOn su. Avail on long or short 

M. Lge mes A fully m. ku/ D 

last no: teittrrn. co leL £130 
pw. Tela0>732» 27144 

day flab/ lues In London 
available now. Bargain pnees. 
Palace PtUPeltHs 01-486 8926 

8UVFAR , Hyde Park the moat 
luxurious long/anort Ms 1/6 
bods, bed prices (Bone Apart- 
roents 01 938 9812. 

H4 STROUD GREEN - two dou- 
ble bed flat with bathroom, 
lounge aiu paw. £125 pw. Td: 
Ol- 272 8361. 

DOCKLANDS Flab and houses lo 
lei Uirouvratn the Dockland* 
area TeLOl 790 95M 
: ujS. COMPANY Seeks futn prop- 
erbm in Ccwral London, 
Gabnun & Casetee S89 8481. 

EC1 2 beds. r/turnkJicd tunny 
(M clO*« to c«y. £13S pw 
TPM J96 2025 

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rity Purlev. ABo Bnqnion sea 
front. Img/shoit 0273 728349 

FirZROY SQUARE Mews I bed 
llat snort term la. £120 pw 
Inti. Tel; Ol 387 1699. 

FULHAM SWt - Superb l bed 
I urn tiaL Secure. Host of ameni- 
ties £173 pw. TcL 131189171 

CHRISTMAS Spirits/ £9.500 + 
rmAnil benefits • Htgn f—hton 
raumnb9«ip«M outgoing 
perso n Co jam snudl Inana re 
SPonstwe tor wine purchasing. 
Tout imotvemeid includes ar- 
ranging & attending wtne 
tasting seasons. iLaoinq wim 
some of Europes fined vlne- 
yandt, orgamsma vsterulve 
Itineraries and travel elc. A 
lovely poatJon (or someone 

with lninattve 6 dtploniacy. 

Skills: 90/56/ Age: 25+ Please 
telephone 01 409 1232 The 
Work Shop. 

much respansibtbly as you can 
nandie wimui this video pro- 
duction company. AanUng the 
MD. you will attend Mlenl meet- 
ings and b evu ra t involved over 
a broad Irani. Although mar Is 
a sec fuflrthm wlihjn the, pos- 
Uon, the olher aspects of your 
rale win have a higher priority. 
&*jnv 90/60 worn. Salary: 
El 0.000 K9 Synergy. Uie re- 
cnjtrmeni consultancy. 01-537 

ZINES to £8600. An «n ime 
onoon nutty nun lor a youno 
PA/Scc lo start a career In the 
magazine pubUshmg field. 
Based within the Chairman's 
suite, you will receive cite 
training and wilt become In- 
volved In an aspects of the 
puM&hliig function. SUI& 
90/60 wpm Synergy I he ro- 
erunmen! cnnEuttanrv 01-oJf 

MAVFAM £10.000 - based in 
very styiBn Maylair oflim you 
will suppurt UK- iwo i-oung CV 
rectors uf lh» Property 
Developers As tvrll as 
oroansslnu agendas, travel and 
Kiueranrv. you will also uro 

vid- full memorial barf: -up 
ustrrq -shorthand and audio 
1 100/60). Evcettent pn-wtno 
non erciiual. Acr- 21 * Pb-av 
tctephotxt 01 493 5787 Gordon 
Yates Consultancy. 

SECRETARY (or EsLMc a germ In 
Central London Must have 
nwl secretarial sVJlh rwrUent 
EnolMi and t» *«*d 20SO 
yr an.. Salary £5.600 per 
annum. Tctepnone 727 0530. 

operate PUMA telex and MON- 
ARCH switchboard. Shorth an d 
not necessary but a onot Sala- 
ry £8.600 plus Pttonr 01 373 

nnLBMNC £11.000- exceflent 
opportunity lor a up-tap prof»»- 
sionai PA to win the Markrbng 
Dlrrctor of world-renowned 
Magazine PubUsCters. An out- 
standing comoany offering 
tevoii eraenl. varKG and super 
benefits, they reautn* mtcelMU 
i suits Itoo/eoi. a good work 
1 record and Ihe ability ro com- 
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Please leleohane 01 493 S787 
Gordon Yales CoreuMartcy. 

oumn APPEAL i no 4KMT1- 
handi Son a career wntrh la 
really worthwhile as yon assist 
in raising funds lor tn& major 
charity. You win need good or- 
ganizational sfctfl* an wll as 
peoote handling aftUUy Typing 
at 05 winn rea d College leav- 
ers consklered. ShU tv: £7278 
pa. synerpy. the recruliinenl 
coosulumcy. 01-637 9533 

RESEARCWR Start a career In 
research wiui Uifi dyaandc 
management cxxiSUlancy. Car- 
rying out research lob) 
company arttvJMs and cxecu 
live functions, you win need a 
Bound knowledge of Vie busi- 
ness world. Keyboard sklfls 
reg’d S»Ury: C £12.000 PO- 
Synertiy (he recrulinient con- 
lulUncv. 01-637 9533 

CARLE TV SOjOOO. Thfs new 
and earning company based m 
the West End ore -awwag a 
ymuig. rnendlv voM«y to 
wotE for Itwir Financial Con 
trailer No oxp m encc on a WP 
nrensory os full bainntg rpven 
Typing 30 wpm needed. Phase 
telephone Of 499 3070 Carry 
him- King APPOtntmrnts. 

GCCRETAIHES for Architects & 
Dv-iignm. FVmvutcnl A 
Temporary PUIM« AMSA 
spcoahsl rrc umsOi 7340532 



Agents require parUnte admin - 
Istraior for busy omce. Tel oi 
581 5136 

PULKAM. 80 worn typing + WP 
rrauired try snurl noresmoMng 
office. £&6 per hour Tele 
phone CaryJ 381 84 44. 



(£4.60 per line inc. VAT). Christmas messages must be received 
later than Friday 19th December 1986. 


Write your personal message below (approximately 34 characters 
per line including spaces and punctuation). 




needed in this fast 
moving job in a large, 
professional. City.Co. 

Organizing ability, 
good humour X some 
WP experience 

£10,000 pa 

RECRUITMENT [«;■?. i mr^t: 


Telephone (Daytime) 

Access LJ . VisaCD Amexd! Diners □ 

Card No. i \ i ■ n i • i I I I I I i | | 

Send-to: The Tunes, Shirley Margolis, Group Classified 
Advertisement Manager, News Internationa] Advertisement!; I rri 
P.O. Box 484, Virginia Street, London El. S L ■ 


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Wh® n winning is a family affair 



PgZjg Miller, Chief Sports 

Correspondent writes nf Steffi rw 

the teenage wonder girl, and the men 
behind her ambition to be the best 
tennis player in the world 

S he has been called, in 
recent months of 
universal acclaim, 
the Woman Borg. 
The girt who w5l 
topple Martina Navratilova. 

In her first tournament, for 
under-8s in Munich, an um- 
pire called a point in favour of 
her opponent on a shot that 
was blatantly out. She cried in 
disbelief and the tournament 
organizer told her father she 
would never be a player. 

That was the last time Steffi 
Graf cried on court, thou gh 
she has shed tears a few times 
after a match. “Crying is 
normal and spontaneous, it is 

y healing,” Peter Graf, her fa- 

ther says. He is also her coach. 
It is a parent-child relation- 
ship in competitive sport as 
unique, and at the present 
stage successful, as has been 
■ the father-son Coe 

As with the Coes, the parent 
has been criticized for driving 
the child too severely, yet 
Steffi, like Sebastian, is em- 
phatic that the intensity of the 
partnership is at her behest, 
under her direction and con- 
trol. “I need him, he’s most 
important to me, but he 
wouldn't be so close if I didnH 
want it,” she says. 

When she lost the Virginia 
Slims final to Navratilova 
recently, her eye tended to 
seek him out in the crowd, 
where he tries to sit anony- 

mously. “I don't need advice 
or coaching," she says, “just to 
know that he is there; It makes 
me feel comfortable, es- 
pecially at the big meetings.” 
Some would say that the 
inherent strains in s»c h a 
relationship when she is 17 — 
reflecting, possibly, an in- 
security in the world outside 
tennis — will magnify as she 
matures, mentally and emo- 
tionally, over the next few 

Yet to listen to the two of 
them talking, off duty so to 
speak, in the family home 
alongside the tennis and bowl- 
ing dub where all the winter 
practice takes place, is to 
believe the relationship is 
balanced and relaxed. The 
father seems protective rather 
than proprietorial “Than are 
people who are jealous, who 
disapprove because I am fe- 
ther-coach-manager,” Peter 
Graf says. “Yet I know what is 
right for her, I know her 
mentality and character." 

Earlier this year, Peter em- 
ployed Pavel Slozil, the for- 
mer Czechoslovak Davis Cup 
player, as full-time practice 
partner for his daughter. The 
intention is to modify her 
fundamental baseline game to 
include a more flexible, all- 
court serve-and-volley style 
which is imperative if she is to 
displace the seemingly 
impregnable Navratilova. 
Though she beat Navratilova 

Wonder woman: Steffi Graf, West Germany's teenage phenomenon, has set her sights on toppling Martina Navratilova 

in tire German Open and lost a 
thrilling semi-final in the US 
Open after having three match 
points, she lost the Slims final 
in three straight sets. 

Peter, an outstanding for- 
mer dub player, bad intended 
to retreat but Steffi will not let 
him go. The day 1 called on 
her at Bruhl, outside Heidel- 
berg, she was serving, again 
and again, from a bucket of SO 
balls at Slozil, and from mid- 
court volleying his returns to 
the baseline corners. For- 
midable stuff Yet she is, 
allegedly, a difficult person in 

have to coach the 

coach,” Peter says with 
a smile. “Pavel is still 

I learning that Steffi is 
reluctant to taiy during ■ 
practice, that she just wants to 
concentrate and sfam away the 
winners as she does in a 
match. He has to discover 
how to handle her.” 

There is, indeed, a remark- 
able difference in ber manner 
on and off court. Her focus, 
when playing, is absolute. I 
had arrived at Bruhl early and 
when she came off court she 
said, almost abruptly; “Yes, 
we are meeting. At five.” An 
hour later, showered and re- 
laxed, she was a slightly coy, 
smiling, relaxed schoolgirl^iot 
the phenomenon who is the 
fourth prize money winner of 
the year ($455,000) third in 
the rankings and second in the 
Slims points table. Her am- 
bition this year had been to 
win one tournament. She won 

When she was 10, she told 
the chief national cr>grfi J who 
had said sire was too un- 
emotional “Either I play or I 
laugh.” It is the self-gene rat ing 
discipline of which champions 
are made. “I cannot smile 
when I play,” she says. “The 
fun for me is in ending the 

point” When she wants a 
laugh, she practices left- 

Her wish is not to be rich 
(which she relatively already 
is), or famous, but to master 
the game, to play it beauti- 
fully. Perfectly. “I want to be a 
baseliner who can come to the 
net when it's necessary. To be 
able to do what / want on the 
court, what / feel like.” 

Her personality is expressed 
through ber racket, though she 
is not the impersonal in- 
scrutable machine that Borg 
was. She knows she has not a 
waiting mentality, that the 
match has to be played her 
way. That is why the silent 
winter weeks will be spent 
volleying against Slozil 

“I have to work at serve- 
and-volley. I don't really 
know as yet where to go. 
Against other volleyers, in the 
past, they have known I won't 
come in. If I did, I put more 

pressure on myself” Now, die 
is strengthening the serve; 
slower swing, more snap. Tak- 
ing risks. Navratilova does not 
hit passing shots that well she 

Will she, like Borg. Austin. 
Jaeger, become prematurely 
burned out? No. ber fathei 
says emphatically, because she 
wants to win points in six or 
seven strokes, not 30 or 40. 
And she does not have the 
spinal strain of a two-handed 
backhand. The intention is to 
keep the quality high and die 
tournaments low 

So far as it is possible to be 
normal in contemporary pro- 
fessional sport, Steffi seems 
pretty normaL Her parents, 
her younger brother Michael's 
humour, her two dogs: such 
conventional family 
surroundings should help. 
Tomorrow: Boris Becker, the 
boy who launched a nation into 



Running ploy pays as 
the Bears bounce back 

The Chicago Bears scrapped 
an ineffective passing attack in 
the final period and relied on 
their running to score 13 points 
and gain a 16-13 win against tire 
Detroit Lions in the National 
Football League on Monday. 

By Robert Kiriey 

margin of victory from 22 yards 
as time expired. Sutler had 
kicked field goals of 41 and 32 
yards. Matt Suhey scored on a 
tour-yard run to level the score 
at 13-13 nine minutes from 

Doug Flu tie. tire quarterback, 
took charge when Mike Tom- 
czak sustained a severe leg 
braise during Chicago's first 
series. Tomczak is expected to 
be fit to play in the Bears* 
regular-season finale at Dallas 
on Sunday, Flutie completed 13 
of 24 passes for 130 yards and 
one interception, but be 
j) committed three of the Bears' 
• five fumbles. Chuck Long, tire 
first-year Detroit quarterback 
who was making his debut as a 
starter, was 12 of 24 for 167 
yards, one interception and a 
four-yard touchdown pass to 
Leonard Thompson. Eddie 
Murray lacked field goals of 52 
and 41 yards in the mat half 

The Bears’ quartertndc, Jim 
McMahon, who was injured 
several weeks ago, was expected 
to be released from hospital in 
California, where be underwent 
shoulder surgery on Friday. His 
surgeon said that it would take 
three months for McMahon to 
regain tire full range of motion 
in the arm he uses to throw. 

Kevin Butler’s second field 
goal of the fourth quarter and 
third of the game provided the 

• Officials from the City of 
Cardiff have presented a daim 
to the NFL to host the American 
Bowl at the Arms Park next 
summer. Wembley officials, 
who staged the inaugural match 
between the Bears and the 
Dallas Cowboys last summer, 
are also negotiating with tire 
NFL. An NFL spokesman said a 
decision of where — and even if 
— the game will be played would 
be taken next month. 


Hendry out to 
turn the tables 

Stephen Hendry, the Scottish 
teenager being tipped as a future 
world champion, has an early 
chance for revenge when be 
tees Steve Davis in a six-game 
challenge series worth £24,000 

next month. 

Hendry, aged 17, from Edin- 
burgh win meet Davis on six 
successive nights, from January 
19 to 24, at venues throughout 
Scotland with each match worth 
£4,000 to the winner. 

Hendry and his partner, Mike 
Hallett, were beaten 12-3 by 
Davis and Tony Meo in tire final 
of the Hofmeister world doubles 
at Northampton on Sunday but 
the youngster is determined to 
take his revenge. 

He said: “This will be my 
greatest test Steye has set all the 
high standards in 
they are the sort of standards 
that 1 want to achieve.” 

Davis, who has won £108,000 
in just six weeks, is top of the 
current prize money list with 
£143,000 and he has not been 
beaten north of the border for 
more than five years. He admit- 
ted: “i want that record to stay 
intact Stephen is still learning 
the game but everyone knows 
that he’s a tremendous prospect 


Spa stopover on way to throne 

Fran Bryan Stiles, Acqm Terme, Italy 

Duke McKenzie's ambition is 
not a modest one: be wants to be 
a champion of the worid. But 
the duke who would be king isa 
modest realistic man who ac- 
cepts be has embarked on a 
dangerous campaign littered 
with painful battles which must 
be won before he has a chance to 
ascend the throne as world 
flyweight king pin. 

When he turned professional 
be sought out a king maker and 
would have none but Mickey 
Duff one of the more astute 
managers, matchmakers and 
promoters in the business. Duff 
reluctant at first because of 
loftier commitments to lake on 
the young upstart from Croy- 
don, now rejoices .that be has 
raided his protegy so well that 
he is now European champion. 

Tonight McKenzie defends 
his tide for the first time since he 
wrested it from the grasp of 
Charlie Magri, the darling of 
British flyweights. He has trav- 
elled to this secluded spa resort 
high in a northern Italy valley to 
meet Gianpiero P inn a, the of- 
ficial, challenger, nominated by 
the European Boxing Union, 
even though he has not fought 
this year. 

The fact that as champion he 
ha< tart to go to a far distant 
valley has not bothered 
McKenzie. Hie is used to travel- 
ling thousands of miw to 
further his ambition and display 

his boxing Skills, though mainl y 
at the flashier fight venues in tire 
• United States. The purse offered 
by Renzo Spagnoh secured the 
bool and be opted to sta^ it in 
this delightful town of thermal 
springs and channing vistas for 
purely commercial reasons. The 
big city venues in Italy priced 
themselves out of the running 
and Acqui Terme was willing to 
pay for tire privilege of putting 
itself on the tourist map. 

McKenzie, aged 23, stands 
high as a flyweight at 5ft 7 in and 
has a regal way of boxing, 
upright and elegant. He comes 
from princely fighting stock, 
with three toothers who have 
skirmished around the boxing 
arenas with varying degrees of 
success. Duke has now matched 
his toother. Clinton, who until 
recently held the British and 
European light welterweight 

McKenzie and bis manager 
regard tonight's contest as an- 
other step in the essential learn- 

ing process. He cannot afford to 
lose. “1 want to fight like a 
champion and win like a cham- 
pion tonight,” McKenzie said. 
“1 know as much as I want to 
about Pinna but I prefer not to 
watch videos of my opponents 
because they can be misleading. 
He is going to fight as hard as he 
can but it is all or nothing for me 
so I am relaxed about the fight I 
feel no pressure”. 

The Croydon boxer seems to 
be a few classes above the Italian 
being ranked fifth by the World 
Boxing Association and sixth by 
the World Boxing Councfl. He 
has won all his 14 bouts, while 
pinna has lost three of his 17, 
including two defeats by Franco 
Cberchi, who lost to Magri. a 
McKenzie victim. So all form 
points to a McKenzie victory 
but even the best laid plans 
sometimes get overturned in a 
profession where one slip can 
sped disaster. 

Also on the bill tonight are 
Stuart Lithgo, of Hartlepool 
who held the Commonwealth 
cruiserweight title for seven 
months in 1984, and Rocky 
FelideUo, light middleweight 
from Rhyl, born in Wales but 
whose parents come from Italy. 


World 12-metre 
title takes on a 

Formula 1 look 

From Keith Wheatley, Fremantle 
Yacht Club record in sports marketing and 
advised FIFA on several worid 

Costa Smeralda 

^ Wi have announced 

Wj m ^ preliminary 

WJ arrangements 

k ' for tiie World 

to be held in Sardinia next June 
and July. It is an ambitious and 
■expensive programme designed 
to retain the impetus that this 
America's Cup has given to 
sailing's most glamorous and 
costly sector. 

The I talian dub will charter a 
freighter to ship the top six 
challengers and two top defend- 
ers from Fremantle to Porto 
Cervo. the regatta headquarters, 
free of charge. Pens and lifting 
facilities will also be cosi-free for 
these eight teams. 

Other countries not currently 
represented in the Cup, notably 
Sweden, Japan and Spain, are 
likely to charier boats to take 
pan. The fleet could well exceed 
20 yachts. Unlike the worid 
titles bdd off Fremantle last 

February ihe format will be a 
mixture of fleet races and match 
racing. From June 25 to June 30 
there will be six fleet races. The 
top eight boats then go into 
match racing semi-finals, in two 
divisions, culminating in a best- 
of-three final from July 8. 

Gianfranco Alberini, 
commandame of the Yacht 
Club Costa Smeralda, explained 
that the club was tom between 
the spectacle of fleet racing — 
which proved highly popular in 
Australia — and the needs of a 
primarily match racing class. 

What YCCS was’ in no doubt 
about was the need to market 
and publicise the event to the 
hilt as part of the process of 
getting 12 metres on a sound 
footing as the sailing equivalent 
of formula one motor racing. 

“We may be able to com- 
pletely relax Rule 26 and have 
boats named after companies 
and have sponsors on the 
spinnakers,” Alberini said. “The 
whole intention is to make more 
opportunities for sponsors in 
the whole 12-metre class.” 

In pursuit of this goal YCCS 
have too light in the London 
firm of West Naily as sponsor- 
ship and marketing consultants. 
A new logo has been produced 
and registered. “We feel that 12- 
meues are at a small beginning 
I Hading to die stage of tennis, 
soccer and ^ 

Mr Pat NaHy, who flew here 
from London for the presenta- 
tion. “The needs of sponsors 
and the competitors can be met 
and reconciled if the event is 
handled in a co-ordinated way.” 

West Nally have a long track 

cups. Syndicates or 12-metre 
teams without sponsorship 
backing for the event in Sardinia 
have been invited to liaise with 

the company who may be able 
to match companies wishing to 
participate with yachismca 
wishing to compete. 

RIE, the Italian national tele- 
vision network, have accepted 
an invitation to be host broad- 
caster. Their coverage, both 
packaged and as a raw television 
feed, will be available on a free- 
access basis to world media 

This is in sharp contrast to 
Fremantle and the America's 
Cup where the Internationa] 
Management Group, represent- 
ing Royal Perth Yacht Club, 
have asked considerable sums 
for access to pool television 
footage. IMG have no involve- 
ment with next year’s regatta. 

“We want the maximum 
number of people around the 
worid to be able to see what 12- 
metre racing is like and bow 
exciting it can be,” Alberini 
said. CDsta Smeralda, the ultra 
chic yacht dub created by the 
Aga Khan at his Porto Cervo 
resort, hosted the first world 12- 
metre championship in 1 984. 

Interestingly there was a rul- 
ing by the International 12- 
metre Association that no 
shrouds or pens could be used 
and all keels and hulls were bar 
to view. 

“Thai could happen again.” 
Alberini said. “It is for ITMA to 
decide but it would be fascinat- 
ing to see what some of these 
boats here look like.” It is 
virtually certain that no new 1 2- 
metres will be built between 
now and the world champion- 
ship. That process wifi begin 
around 18 months before the 
next cup. 

Alberini stressed that without 
the Deed of Gift restrictions on 
crew and designer nationalities, 
or ties on where a boat was built, 
the event had minimal secrecy 
and aided the dissemination of 
knowledge within the 12-metre 
community. Mr Harry Ander- 
son. chairman of ITMA, said: 
“Our hope is to have a world 12- 
metre championship every year. 
It's the strength of the class and 
vital to its future.” 

It emetged at the meeting that 
there may be an additional 
Mediterranean 12-metre event 
next northern summer. C&te 
d’Azur / Provence region, a 
French body who sponsor the 
hapless Challenge France, are 
promoting a regatta at Cannes in 
September. Details are scarce as 

Australia IV close gap 

A successful 
V protest from 

W Australia IV has 

A dosed the gap 

with Kookaburra 
’ fll in the battle 

to be the defending yacht in the 
America's Cup finds in Fre- 
mantle next month. 

Kookaburra ID now leads the 
defenders’s table by six points 
over the Alan Bond's 12-me- 
tre — the only successful protest 
of five lodged in the last two 
days of racing between the four 
boats. Australia IV was awarded 
three points after the defenders' 
race jury ruled that Kookaburra 
II Kevin Rarey's other yacht, 
had breached a right of way rule 
on Sunday, the last day of the 
third elimination series. 

Kookaburra 11 lost three 
points and is now 13 points 
behind Australia IV in third 
place. The Bond syndicate’s 

points boost lakes Australia IV 
to withjo one-race victory of 
Kookaburra HI because the 
semi-finals, starting on Decem- 
ber 27, are worth six points for a 
win. A proposal to introduce a 
knockout system in place oi 
points scoring to decide the 
semi-finals was rejected 


Won Lost Pts 
— 28 4 S3 

_ 21 8 47 

KcxMottfra II IS 12 84 

Swa* IT Kidney 3 27 12 

Kookaburra ID 

Australia IV 

• Michael Fay, syndicate bead 
of New Z ea l and, the leading 
challengers, has decided the 
$5,000 won in a wager from 
Tom Blackaller, skipper of rival 
yacht USA, for beating America 
II on Sunday will be invested on 
the New Zea l and stock market 
and go to ihe crew’s “poL” 

Court of Appeal 

Law Report December 17 1986 

Court of Appeal 

Fire starter liable for fireman’s burn 

Ogwo v Taylor 

Before Lord Justice Dillon. 
' ■* Lord Justice Stephen Brown and 

Lord Justice Nctil 

[Judgment December 16] 

A person who negligently 
started a fire was liable id 
damag es to a fireman who was 
injured in fighting the fire even 
though it was an ordinary fire 
with no unusual features or 
special hazards. 

S The Court of Appeal so stated 
allowing an appeal by the plain- 
tiff fireman, Mr Michael 
Chiagoro Qgwo, from a decision 
of Mr Justice Nolan on Novem- 
ber 25, 1 985 after the trial of an 

action brought against the 
defendant, Mr R. A. Taylor. 

Mr B. A. Hymer, QC and Mr 
John Leighton Williams, QC, 
few the plaintiff, Mr William 
Crowther, QC and Mr Robert 
Moxon Browne for the defen- 

said that the defendant was 
bunting off the paint on the 
fascia board under the guttering 
of his roof with a blowlamp 
when the roof timbers caught 

The fire brigade w* 8 sum ~ 

mooed and among the team was 
the plaintiff The plaintiff went 
up into Ihe roof space to tackle 

the fire. . 

He was wearing normal 
fireman's gear and breathing 

apparatus, with a mask over n is 
face. He took the hose w«h torn 

to play water on the fire, and me 

impact of the water on the 
necessarily caused steam- 
When the fire was put out the 
plaintiff found that he bra 
* - suffered serious bums under fas 
fireman's tunic. Those would 
have been caused by steani 
rather than by direct ily a. 

The plaintiffs injuries wot 
severe and very parnntl: me 
figure for damages had oren 
agreed, if liability was estato 
Shed, at £12,902 ■£»*■* 
interest. The issue was 

There was no suggestion font 

the contents of the tvof SP 3 ** 
were unusually combustible or 
that there was any specuu 
danger from some bidden c^use. 
It was an ordinary 
confined space, with nothing 
. unusual about it 

The plaintiff put his case 
against the de fend a nt os the 
ground that the defendant had 
been negligent at common law 
in starting the fire and allowing 
it to get out of control. 

The court had to consider 
whether a person who neg- 
ligently started a fire might in 
the absence of special circum- 
stances not known to the fire- 
man be liable to a fireman who 
was injured in fighting that fire. 

It was well-established that a 
person who negligently started a 
fire in a bouse was liable for any 
damag e to an adjoining house 
caused by the spread of the fire. 
So equally be was Ifable for any 
injury to any person which was a 
foreseeable consequence of die 
negligent starting of the fire and 
its consequent spread. 

The foreseeability of the in- 
jury was the oux of the matter, 
since in the present case Mr 
Justice Nolan held that the 
defendant could not reasonably 
have foreseen the mjiuy "ditch 
the plaintiff would suffer from 
an ordinary fire in an ordinary 
loft of an ordinary house. 

That approach of the judge 
was extremely difficult to rec- 
oncile with the decision of Mr 
justice Woolf in Salmon v 
Seafarer Restaurants ([1983] 1 
WLR 1264). In that case the fire 
had been started in premises 
through the negligence of the 
defendant ocotpusr. 

The plaintiff fireman was told 
to use a ladder to get to the 
second floor, via a flat root As 
he was doing so, outside the 
nanuses, there was an explo- 
«od inside the premises because 
the fire had reached the gas 
meter and the plaintiff was 


the defendant was liable in 
damages to the plaintiff and 
•h-a considered whether there 
was any basis for limiting the 
duty which was owed to fire- 
men, because they were spe- 
cially trained to (teal with the 
dangers inherent in any out- 
jjreak of fire. He<»ndud«i that 
there was nor. His Lordship 
agreed with him. 

Fire was inherently dan- 

gel out of control ft waspredict- * 
ible that the fire brigade would 

he called, as happened in the 
present case. 

If the fire was in a confined 
space such as the loft it was 
predictable that a fireman tack- 
ling the fire might be injured for 
all his skills and protective 

The person who had neg- 
ligently started the fire cooJd not 
a«nme that the fireman's 
protective clothing made him 
immune from all iqjnry from 


In the present case, injury to 
the plaintiff from the flames of 
the fire was predictable. Injury 
from steam was perhaps, as the 
judge thought, less predictable. 
But the steam was the natural 
consequence of playing water on 
a fire in a confined space in 
order to extinguish the fire. It 
was damage in no way different 
in kind from damage caused 
directly by the flames. 

It must therefore follow that 
the injury to ihe plaintiff was a 
predictable consequence of the 
defendant’s negligence in start- 
ing the fire and the defendant 
was liable for ft. 

The defendant argued in the 
alternative that he owed no 
relevant duty to the plaintiff 
because the plaintiff as a 
trained fireman, undertook to 
take all the risks inherent in 
endeavouring to extinguish an 
ordinary fire. 

The defendant dkl not put 
that plea on die ground of 
volenti non fit injuria but on the 
.ground of absence of duty. It 
was said rather that there was no 
duty of care owed to the 
plaintiff in the case of an 
ordinary fire, because the plain- 
tiff undertook to bear the or- 
dinary risks of his calling. 

His Lordship could not see 
that h followed, because the 
plaintiff undertook for the bene- 
fit of the public to use his skills 
to fight fires, be also undertook, 
vis-a-vis the defendant, not to 
make any claim if by the 
defendant's carelessness he suf- 
fered injury in fighting in the 
course of his duties an un- 
necessary extra fire. 

Beyond that the answer was, 
in his Lordship’s judgment, 
provided by the decision of the 
Court of Appeal in Haynes v 
Harwood «1«5] i KB 146) 
where a policeman who was 

injured while endeavouring to 
stop some runaway horses 
recovered damages because he 
was trying to save people in 
danger from death or injury. 

In the present case there was- 
no indication that any other 
persons were in imminent dan- 
ger of death or injury while the 
plaintiff was engaged in 
extinguishing the fire. But the 
nature of the fire was such that if 
unchecked it would spread and 
create increasing danger to peo- 
ple as well as property. 

Accordingly, the “rescue” 
principle was as fully applicable 
as if other human beings were in 
immediate jeopardy when the 
plaintiff went into the loft to 
fight the fire. His Lordship did 
not agree with the reasons and 
conclusion of the judge. 

Lord Justice Stephen Brown 
and Lord Justice Neill agreed. 

Solicitors: Robin Thompson 
& Partners, Ilford; Berrymans. 

Removal of kiln not a ‘process’ 

Regina r A. L Industrial 
Products pic 

Before Lord Justice Watkins, 
Mr Justice Drake and Mr Jus- 
tice Ognall 

[Judgment December 16] 

The word “process” as used in 
the Factories Act 1 96 1 connoted 
some continuous activity regu- 
larly carried on within a factory 
asa normal part of the operation 
of the factory, and did noi 
include a single operation such 
as the demolition and removal 
of a disused kiln. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in a reserved judgment allowing 
the appeal of AJ. industrial 
Products pic against its convic- 
tion on April 29, 1986 in Stoke- 
on-Trent Corwn Court (Mr 
Recorder Stuart Shields, QC) 
following a chary, of plea, after 
a ruling on points of law, to 
guilty of contravening regula- 
tions 5(1) and 8(1) of the 
Asbestos Regulations (SI 1969 

Judicial discretion on 

jury protection moves 

Regina v Ling 
Regina v Jacobs 
Regina ▼ Thompson 

On an application for a jury to 
reed ve protection the trial judge 
had a discretion as to whether 
the prosecution should be re- 
quired to call evidence in sup- 
port of the application. 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice O'Connor, Mr Justice 
Caulfield and Mr Justice 
Schiemann) so held on Decem- 
ber 9 when dismissing the 
appeals of Anthony John Ling, 
John Jacobs and Frank James 
Thompson from their convic- 
tions on February 10, 1986 at 
Snaresbrook Crown Court 
(Judge Rant, QC and a jury) of 


O’CONNOR said that from 
time to time a court was asked 
to authorize jury protection (see 
R v Dodd ({ 1981) 74 Cr App ft 
50). Plainly that was a matter for 
the judge's discretion. 

On the question whether the 
defence were entitled to require 
the prosecution to establish 

their contention that jury 
protection should be ordered by 
calling evidence, in their 
Lordships’ judgment a judge 
had a discretion. It was of course 
open to the defence to submit 
that the judge should not au- 
thorize protection without hear- 
ing evidence, and if the judge 
did require evidence it was open 
10 the defence to cross-examine 
the witnesses. 

Their Lordships did not think 
there was any need for the jury 
to be told the reasons for 
authorizing protection, so long 
as they were told that the fact of 
protection was not to be used by 
them in any way adverse to the 

It had been submitted that 
there was not sufficient material 
to enable the judge to exercise 
his discretion properly; there 
should be material to show that 
the risk of interference with the 
jury was substantially increased. 

In their Lordships' judgment 
the judge did have the material 
before him. and there were no 
grounds for interfering with the 
exercise of his discreuon. 

No 690) and section 155(2) oi 
the Factories Act 1 969 by failing 
(while demolishing a Shelly top 
hat kiln) to provide approved 
respiratory protection. 

Mr Simon Hawkeswonh, QC, 
Mr Peter Bowers and Mr Timo- 
thy Devlin for the appellant 
company; Miss Heather 
Swindells for the Crown. 

that before the recorder the legal 
submissions made for the appel- 
lant were: 

1 that the demolition of the kiln 
was not a “process in a factory” 
within the Asbestos Regulations 
as it was unconnected with the 
manufacturing processes under- 
taken in the factory and was an 
isolated incident; 

2 that the definition in regula- 
tion 2(3) of “asbestos dust” 
involved consideration of the 
number of asbestos fibres in the 
atmosphere and the likely ef- 
fects of that on the health of 
those exposed to it, taking into 
account the length of such 
exposure and (hat, in view of the 

employee's short exposure to 
the dust cloud, be bad not been 
exposed to dust “containing 
asbestos to such an extent as was 
liable to cause danger to his 

The recorder had ruled: 

1 that “process” for the pur- 
poses of the Asbestos Regula- 
tions, meant any activity 
involving asbestos; 

2 that the definition of ^ “asbestos 
dust” in regulation 2(3) was 
simply a description of the dust 
and not a question as to whether 
the employed persons, by the 
length of ume they breathed it 
in, were liable to be injured. If 
dust contained asbestos which 
was more than minimal, it was 
liable to cause danger to health. 

Dealing with the first argu- 
ment, the Asbestos Regulations 
were made under the provisions 
of the Factories Act 1961 and 

accordingly the word “process" 

had to be construed according to 
the meaning to be given to it 
under that Art. 

Section 1 75 of the Act defined 
“factory” as any premises in 
which persons were employed in 
manual labour in -any process . 
for or incidental lo a number of 
stated purposes. Those staled 
purposes were widespread; but 
their Lordships thought that 

they all envisaged some 
continuous form of activity. 

Section 175(1) included as 
“process" ( b ) “the altering, 
repairing, ornamenting, finish- 
ing, cleaning or washing or the 
breaking up or demolition of 
any arucle . . .”. 

Their Lordships did not think 
that within the context of that 
section a kiln could properly be 
described as an ”artide".The 
word “process” as used in that 
section and elsewhere in the 
1961 Act connoted some 
continuous activity regularly 
earned on within a factory, ana 
did not indude a single opera- 
tion such as the demolition and 
removal of a disused piece of 
machinery or a kiln. 

The recorder had taken the 
view that the single operation of 
demolishing a kiln fell within 
the definition of “process” 
found in the Shorter Oxford 
.English Dictionary, but their 
Lordships did not think it 
correct to view the demolition 
of the kiln carried out on one 
occasion as “a continuous and 
regular action or succession of 
actions . . 

Accordingly, their Lordships 

thought that the dictionary defi- 
nition was also against finding 
that such demob lion was a 

Further, in ruling that the 
demolition of the kiln did 
constitute a “process”, the re- 
corder had said, that “process" 
should be interpreted so as to 
mean "any activity” going on in 
the factory. 

Thai was the interpretation 
given to it by Mr Justice Slade in 
Joyce v Boots Cash Chemists 
(Southern) Ud ([ 1950] 2 All ER • 
719. 721), when he adopted the 
meaning given to it by Lord 
Moncrieflr in Ward v Coll ness 
Iron Co Ud ([ 1 944] SC 324). 

Their Lordships had consid- 
ered Ward v Colt ness and agreed 
with Mr Hawkeswonh that whai 
was said by Lord Moncriefl 
about the' word “process” was 
only incidental to the derision. 

Their Lordships thought that 
it was wrong to extend the 
meaning of “process” in the 
1961 Act beyond some manu- 
facturing process or continuous 
and regular activity carried on 
as a normal part of factory 

Furthermore, their Lordships 
bore in mind that they were 
construing regulations the 
breach of which constituted a 
criminal offence exposing the 
offender to penalties. 

From the argument heard on 
appeal there could be no doubt 
that the meaning of “process'" 
was open to more than one 
interpretation; it would there- 
fore be right for their Lonfor. i>> 
to adopt that inierprebiti,-n 
which was most favourable to 
the appellant. 

As the first ground of appeal 
had been decided in favour ol 
the appellant company it was 
not stnctly necessary to consider 
the second ground. 

On that point there appeared 
to be no previously decided 

Their Lordships had to d «r -v 
the point merely on i-.r 
construction of regulation ?• 
which provided that ■ k ii 
erences in these Regulative to 
asbestos dust shall be taken to be 
reference to dust consisting ui or 
containing asbestos to su«.n an 
extent as is liable to caw* 
danger to the health of em- 
ployed persons.” 

If the argument for the appel- 
lant company was right. ih<-n in 
order to prove -an oHencc 
against the regulation th*' 
prosecution would, by medical 
evidence, have to show mat 
some employee or employees 
had been exposed to asbestos 
dust for a period long enough to 
be liable to have caused im<jry 
to health. 

The eflefl of that m ; g 4 :' v 
be that a prosecution •• 

succeed until the health i- 
employee or emptov^* s ■ -■ 
actually been injured. 1 r .. 
would undermine or dc-tr. 
protection to employers • > < !’ 
their Lordships had no o : ■A 
have been the aim : tv. 

Accordingly, their 
thought that the apjv.-! 
not succeed on 
ground. However *■> .-u . r.‘ •- 
was successful on 
ground, the conviai.m i.:' . 

appellant company w-.u.. 1 

Solicitors: Grindeys. 
on-Trent; Solicitor, Hci.' r and 
Safety Executive. 



Promising Le Carotte can make 
flying start to hurdling career 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

■ Le Carotte, who is trained 
by Philip Hobbs near 
Minefaead in Somerset, is 
napped to win the first di- 
vision of the Turkey Novices’ 
Hurdle at Worcester today 
when he will be ridden by his 
brother, Peter. 

. In selecting Le Carotte, who 
has never raced over hurdles, I 
concede that lack of experi- 
ence is not on our side 
whereas Ruby Flight, 

Derryring, Fleurcone and 
Kilimanj aro Bob have all 
shown promise over timber in 
races of this nature. 

However, I prefer Le 
.Carotte for three good rea- 
sons. First, he is said to have 
taken to jumping in practice 
like the proverbial duck takes 
to water. 

Second, be is bred to do the 

job well, being by the success- 
ful young stallion Balinger, 
out of a winning hurdler who 
is very closely related to the 
late Edward Courage’s fine 
chaser Royal Relief 

Third, Le Carotte has 
shown a more than average 
amount of promise already in 
three educational bumper 
races this season. 

He wou the first of those by 
20 lengths at Warwick in 
September when he was any- 
thing but friendless is the 
market at 6-1, having been 
nibbled at with inspired 
money around the country at 
longer odds. 

Then, he was twice third, 
initially at Newbury and then 
again at Chepstow where he 
was beaten on each occasion 
by that immensely talented 

northern bumper horse Ran- 
dolph Place who is Gordon 
Richards’s big hope for the 

In the circumstances, I re- 
gard Le Carotte as being ready 
for the task that confronts him 
now, and more than just a 
sporting bet to oblige on his 
jumping debut. 

High Trust (3.00), my selec- 
tion to win the second di- 
vision, caught the eye at 
Wincanton where he ran well 
in the race won by Perfect 
Double although he did not 
actually manage to finish in 
the first six. 

GiUogue Lough (X00) and 
Gambir (2.30) are my other 
principal fancies on toe West 
Midlands track to give Lord. 
Vestey, David Nicholson and 
Richard Dun woody a double. 

GiUogue Lough won a 
point-to-point in the 
Heythrop country last spring 
for that reknowned 
horsemistress Henrietta 
Knight The experience that 
the mare gleaned during those 
formative days could easily 
stand her in good stead now 
when she is taking a step np in 
class against Ribobelle who 
was useful over hurdles. 

And so to Catteridc Bridge 
where Melerek must be given 
a good chance of winning the 
Charles Vickery Memorial 
Cup following that fine run 
against Scarlet Tenor over the 
same course and distance ten 
days ago. 

For the Racing Post 
Novices’ Chase, I like the look 
of the recent easy Sedgefield 
winner Ready Token 

£250 fine 

John Spearing’s decision to 
poll top weight Run And Skip 
oat of the Heanessy Gold Grp 
on the morning of the race has 
cost the Afcester trainer a £250 

The Jockey Onto djsd- 
plinary committee imposed the 
penalty on Spearing yesterday 
and also ordered that be should 
pay half of one per emit of the 
guaranteed prize money of 
£25400 -£125. 

On the Tnesday before die 
nee, which took place on 
November 22, Spearing said 
that he had left Rm And Skip hi 

at the four-day stage by mistake. 

Ob the Friday, be dafoned his 
telephone had been oat of order 
and he was unable to contact 
Weatherbys in time to withdraw 
the horse. 

At a separate hearing, the 
committee fined Gerry Gracey, 
the Caterfaam trainer, £150 for 
foiling to release the passport of 
a horse that had left his stable. 



By Mandarin 

1Z30 LE CAROTTE (nap). 
1.00 Awning. 

1.30 God's Hope. 

2.00 Gidogue Lough. 
230 Gambir. 

3.00 High Thrust 

Michael Seely's selection: 230 GAMBIR (nap). 

The Times Private Han dicapper’s top rating: 1.30 GOD'S HOPE. 

Going: soft 

1230 TURKEY NOVICE HURDLE (Div 1: £1, 158: 2m) (22 runners) 



0001 RUBY FUGWT (D) (R EddeyJ R EcMay 4-11-5 

0 DERKYRim (M Raobouma) B Smart 4-11 4 


P Warner 
MrM WaNngi 

• 99 


. 17 

2 FLEURCQHE (H Wynn) K Will# 4-7 T-U — ,~i — ■ „ 

0 JOE JAFFA (N Smtil) N A Srwti 5-1 1*0 

91 10-1 

. SO 

2 KILIMANJARO BOB (M Pipe) M Pgw 4-114) 

KINO KAS(M4sman Ltd) OGantfotfo 4-1 1-0 

J Lower (4) 
- P Barton 

95 F5-2 
— 12-1 




2P- UTTLE AND ROYAL (TSmter)M Tatti 6-1 1-0 

00/ MAJOR ANTHONY (Miss A WRttSiekO J WtBtfwW 6-11-0 

0 Davie* 

.. _ . PHcMta 




9 MOUNTAIN SECRET (Mrs 5 Btrti) J EkatSoy — 


0 NOBLE STORM (MtsS Hart) PJJonK 4-1 1-0.-- 






00 TUDOR JUSTICE (G Jones) A Brsboume 4-1 14) 







• 50 


0/ VALE RIVBt (C Lakto) B Paling 5-1 1-0 

300 1 WESTERN WARRIOR (C Roach) C Roach 6-114) 

P BLACKTOP (B WoBs) BWoNs 5-10-9 

404 CHANCE PARTNER (B Thachray) Mrs M Hanoi 4-10-9 

ELECTROPET (D Edwards) A Ingham 4-166 



A Sharp* 
Steve Knight 




0/ RAYNE PARK ffl Barlow) J Bosley 5-10-9 — . — — 


Eft DM1 RUBY FLIGHT (11-0) showsd marked frarowinant on aBpnwioua form when beating HBTho 
rxjnm j,„ (It -G) 251 at Hereford, with CHANCE PARTNER (11-0) Mfow (ns best 10X1 farmer bock In 
4tti (2m, £585, good to soft. Dec 2, 17 ran). CHANCE PARTNER ran much Setter when (10-7) math to the 
useful Grebe Gnt (11-0) at Stratford (2m. £655, good, Now 6. 16 ran). FLEURCONE was ter from disgraced on 
hurdling detail when (10-7) 101 2nd to the powwaily top class nowce Tartan Tailor £11-5) at N ot t ingh am (2m, 
H1M8. goad. Dec 1 , 21 run). KILIMANJARO BOB also mads a promising debut (fO-11) fine thing 21 2nd to 
Spring Ph*ie (11-2) In a wefl contested Taunton nonce htatfle (an II. £613, good to soft Dec 4. 13 ran). 
- UTTLE AND ROYAL ran twice in 1986/6 and ontyworthwhfle form came when (10-12) 31 2nd to General Btty 
(10-12) at Stratford (2m. £824. good. Oct 19. 13 ran) LE CAROTTE (10-1 1) 3rd. made good headway to finish 
wefl, Deaton to RandoipnPtaee (10-1 1) at Chepstow |2m bumper race, £2883, soft Nov 29. ID ran). 
Selection: RUBY FLIGHT 


2 UPfMOa WALNUT WONDER (D) (R Hickman) R Hickman 11-11-12 PMcOenwrt 88 3-1 

4 3-11003 TSERENEE (D,BF)(R Causer) T BH NFeara 32 4-1 

6 3200-20 BEEN MUGGED (D) (D GandctfD) D GandoMo 10-10-12 TWaritey 9 7 6-1 

7 0P0F/2-2 CHELSEA ISLAND (DHWTsyfoi) W Taylor 11-1 0-10 . 

8 201400- ESSEX (J Bukovets) J BukOvets T1-16S 

8 201400- ESSEX (J Bokovets) J BukOvets 11-1M __________ — 

9 API 4-01 AWNMG (M Henrtques) M Hennques 8-10-8 

10 PE7I2U0 CHESTNUT PfUNCE (CD) (I Burston) P Prftcftanj 11-168 

12 OW/P-O FJORDMG (Mrs J Gee) G Balding 8-10-2 

16 O0F0/F4 BEECH COPSE (D MBbum) A Timefl 7-10-0 

1S8S: STRAY SHOT 7-11-12 E Murphy (6-4) J Gifford 5 tan 

P M c Dermott 88 8-1 

N Ream 92 4-1 

__ TWtohy 97 6-1 

...MBewtoy •»FS-2 
_ S Cusack K — 

_ B Dowflng 83 3-1 

— . CViirei *114-1 

- AChartton — — 


* : 

3X1 3rd to Tit Boy (10-7) at Southwell (2m, £1234. good to soft. Dec 5, 10 ran). BEEN MUGGED has been 
running over hurdbs Hits season, last placed over fences when (106) a length 2nd to Fqrtster (10-1) a4 
Tovmesler (2m. £1741. soft Mar 29.6ran). Lightly raced CHELSEA BLAND (10% wascamiraagood deal of 
condtan on reappearance when I2i 2nd to Atataho (1 2-0) here (2m. £1573, good to soft. dec3. *\ ran), a race 
in wtHehBE&HCOPSEjl 0-0) was tailed Oh last ESSEX (135) last succsssfal when beating FMng Matrass 
(10^)1VilHtTowcestw(Zm. £1175, good to soft Dflc‘8S,6ran).AWNtNQ (10-0) stayed on from 2nd test when 
treating HatPour Bazaar (l 0-0) SLwttfi BEECH COPSE (10-0) an Bih fence taller, at Windsor (2m. £131 5. oood 

to soft Nov 17, 8 ran). CHESTNUT PRINCE (10-0) bast effort last season when beating The Welder (1 f-7) a 
neck over this coure a an d distance (£1698, good to fam, Oct 10. 7 ran). 

Siiaca'on. BEEN MUGGED 

130 CHAMPAGNE SELLING HURDLE (4-Y-O: £1,105: 2m2f)(12 runners) 

5 003 GOO'S HOPE (BF)(L Bush) RAketuim 11-0 RDtnwoody 

6 00 JAGGUES SOLElL(B) (R BrazingJon) R Brazfeigton 11-0 R Besgmi 

7 04030-3 KUWAIT LEEL (J Wilcox) F Jordan 1 1-0 - C Smith 

8 04= ULTMG LAD (C Chen) Mrs N Macaulay 11-0 3 J OTWrii 

10 40 NOTHING BUT (P Power) J Baker 

13 03 W85ARUIH(W Price) W Price 11-0 A Price (7) 

14 0 BUTE BOUQUET (Mrs Y Todd) R Judies 10-9 SmraMfhs Duster 171 

_ A Price (7) 
lha Duster (7) 

IS 3P4FW GOLDEN JUNE (P Tennant) O Tucker 169 N Cabmen BS 3-2 

17 0 MULROY BAY (C Pointon) D BurcheS 100 MBOwNwM) 

10 00000 POETS DAY (M BtMeid) Mrs SOOwiOO JDoggm 82 — 

21 0004B-0 ROGERS PRINCESS (R Smith) M Tate 10-8 M Bastard 88 12-1 

23 OSF-OOO WffiNTKEWWDaLOWS (Mrs F Dickinson) MDfckktton 10-9 — 

198& RBXSRAVE ARTIST 11-0 J Frost (2-1) K Bishop 8 ran 

FORM SSSSiKSFi 11- ® 1 whan just over 41 3rd to Ryan s Dave (10-5) with BUTE 

■ r r n ™ P** helf-vray. before finishing a farther 20KI back hi 8th. at 

UBcesttraii.CTlS9. ffl, 17 ran). KUWAIT LEEL(1 0-10) made up ground from the rear tofinfoh4l3rd 
to Korn hflil (11-7) mnon-seBng company at uttoxetw (2m. £791. soft. Dec 4, 12ranL«nLSARUTH (10-10) Mt 
the front early but oould not mamtam the advantage and came In 5K1 Bid to Track Marshal flO-10) In a simflar 
o » tte at Hereford AlOIS, good to soft. Sec 2, 10 rant GOLDEN JUNE, pfecedft sefiera tow season. 

7th to Henry Lancaster (105) In a modest handtau el Wtawlck 
(2m. £833, g ood to soft. Nov 27,21 ran). POETS DAY, beaten with 4J to run at Towcestor (2mi 5ff last time, on 
^ "S’ S? P®F® ™ s ‘ of way whan 391 5th behind Ruby FSght (1 l-(f) at Hereford 

to soft Dec 2. 17 ran) and is dropped Into sMfog corrmeny tor Bat first time today. RCtGTO 

(2m.E685.good to soft Dec 2, 17 nan) and is dropped into seeing owthj 
PROCESS, no slnw on seasonal debut last season (10-7) finished 15»I 
e vent at Wwwfok ftn. £811, son.eoM8.13 rank 
Setoctta n : GOD’S HOPE 

tor the first rime tod 
toOwens Pride (11 r 



By Mandarin 

12.45 Just Grayle. 
1.15 KJlJaiy Bay. 
1.45 Melerek. 

2.15 Ready Token. 
2.45 Bessacarr Boy. 

3.15 Special Vintage. 

By Michael Seely 

2.45 Park Prince. 3.15 Special Vintage. 

Going: good 


7 0000 P/ 

8 032400 
10 23020P/ 
12 1-00003 

15 000023/ 

16 040012 

17 0P30-P3 

18 000230 

20 00002/0 
21 04) 

23 404-2QQ 

24 000-0 

27 irwyp-p 

BOWIE BOY (M Marshall) C J Befi 6-11-7 K Cotter (5) 

DRAW THE LINE D (Un M Stewart) B Richmond 7-11-7 C fo ct u n uu d (5) 

MUSIC SEASON (K Bndges) J Rowlands 6-11-6 

THE YOMPER (B) (W Seters) J Parkas 4-1 1-6 — 

GAL1RIM (B) (J O'Hanlon) T BA 7-11-5 J OTMn (6) 

Ttte CHOSEN ONE (B) (Mrs S Lamyman) Mrs S Lamyman 12-11-0 — 

JUST GRAYLE (BJD) (Mrs S Raines) Mrs G Raveley 7-11-0 D Jackson (5) 

T UDOR SQtWE (D Tucker) p Tucker 9-10-12 A Dicks 

ASCOT ADAM (B) (Mrs D Fenett) J P Smitti 10-10-11 a Lands, 

O F J ? ,? EOR<g p U TowhSqn) J Townsen 7-10-11 Shamm Jeans 

CANDNBURY FLYER (Mrs MDooharriGM Moore 5-1D-10 D Casey (5) 

BAVAL (C Sicer) D Yeoman 9-10-9 S Turner 

BrHAB4E4(AR (R Edeteon) T Cuttnkiqham 4-iaa CD4btd*{5) 

SHANDON BELLS (V)(B Smith Leeds) J Norton 4-1M mnrisj 

HOT POTAT O (L Pa nvood) H Bemng 8-10-9 ft Garter (5) 

1985: WVETHIATE 4-11H) P Richmond (12-1) Denys Smith 2D ran 

1.15 STREETLAM NOVICE HURDLE (Div I; £685: 2m) (13 runners) 

2 0-22100 SmKTILY BUSINESS (D)(Ci&ntime Ltd) R Whitaker 4-11-7 

4 2B AUGUST (BP) (R Coieman) Oenys Strath 5-11-6 

8 , GLENDERY (Mrs A Jones) H Jones 4-11<0 

9 03MOO GREY CARD (Mtu A Hartas)M Berby 5-11-0 

M Bremen 

™ C Grant 

- M Dwyer 
H Pepper 

10 0000*0 HBCKLEY LANE (B PadaetB MWEaWitor 4-1141 — I „ I vtp _ 

11 OFF JOSEPHS COAT W Boynton) T Barton 5*1 1-0 GHatar B5 — 

12 JUST QEWKS (A Rfflcft)D Yeoman 4-1147 CKawfrfot 

13 003 NLLARV BAY (V) (R GomwsaB) N Tinkler 4-n J) N Tedder 95 10-1 

15 OF- MH GAHDItgH f r Bartow) M Nauctean 4-11 Jl uu». n 

17 202 SB JEST (W A Stephenson) W A Stephenson B-it-D K Janes «99 4-1 

18 TARTAN TRADEMARK (Edinburgh Woolen hW LfiflGW Rich»tJs4-1l-C PTuck — 6-1 

20 0 COUNTRY RHYTHM (MreM Kendal) Mrs MKinMS-1(L9 MiMKMd 

21 00-4 GRANGE HILL GWL(lfe6jCo®ns)JJ8f1or*Qn5-1M M Ml 88 12-1 

196& UVJNG FJR6 6-11-0 R Eamshaw pjq Mrs M Dickinson 17 ran 


4 F34110- SWGALONG SAM (CO) (Mrs D Abdaia) F Watson 9-1 1-7 C Grant 87 6-1 

5 12M14 DUHCOMBE PRINCE (J McDonough) J Jefferson 7-1 1-5 — 92FM 1 

7 Ff ID-00 JOBfS FANCY (P Liddls) P LMdfo 6-KW M Dwyer 099 M-4 

8 2444R2 UELEtoK (tars j Jordan) GM Moore 11-10-2— . — — MKatimmi 97 4-1 

9 F1-PPP4 KING OF TYRE (W SaBers) J Parkas 9-10-0 J J Qolna 84 16-1 

10 0-QSMPP SOPWSHCATH) (Ms A Tonddnson) Mrs A TomWnson 9-1 (H) — 81 14-1 

H 41-OWH BEAU LYON (Mss A SmWiJO L*t*6- T(W KJaaee «7 12-1 

1965; KUMON SUN8KBNC 8-10-7 C Hawkins (6-D D Yeoman 9 ran 

as 10-1 

90 — 
• 99 4-1 
— 6-1 

_ MrM Aimytage (7) 

8 OP/VOPO muR WEN (Nt Griffiths) J Thornes 7-10-10 DTegs{7) 

11 O- GajLOOUELOUCM (Lord Vestey) 0 Mcholson S-HMO RDemwody — *-1 

12 P- KHilTS MAID (RBetascoJJ Webber 6-10-10 GMarnagb 

13 PQO0/4O KELPIE (G RakiitQ Mrs A RakfiH B-10-10 IRseG Aimytage (4) 

14 443040- ULLE (B) (K Jago) B Foreey 7-10-10 NCofottan 

15 OPOOP/P- mss PAVBl (R HaMkar) R Hawker 7-10-10 E Wane 

16 2-00430 W8S PRAGUE (G Wfiagg) D L WBfoms 12-10-10 R Creak 88 

IS 3000M msFOLEYfC Creed) MOfiver 5-10-10 JDogsan 

19 OPOP-3F OUl QHAOE (B Cofohanl T Ugln 7-10-10 Brie Hem AS — 

20 13032/P- PBJ4AM UNE (C Weeks) W MuSSOtt 6-10-10 CSta&ft 

22 111204- RB06ELLE(rChendto!)M Pipe 5-10-10 PSeadmtore — 6-1 

23 4/002-F4 ROYAL TYCOON (A ftlaboume) A Brisbourw 8-10-10 M Brisboonre 

26 071/ TACOVA (R Frost) B Frost 8-10-10 Jftoe* — 14-1 

27 F10F W1NDRUSH SONG (W DurSey) M McCormack 5-10-10 P Barton — 10-1 

1985: NASSAU ROYALE 5-11-1 G McCourt (1-2 lav) Mrs M Rkwnefi 18 ran 

CODM KJLSY7H ( 10 - 11 ) bsafCamabflfiB (10-10) 4!, wtih ROYAL TYCOON (10-10) another 2DXI Back in 
rurtm 4th at Newton Abbot (2m, £1906, soft Nov 25.9 ranL AKTREA DAWN (10-2) could not 
blow at the winnar whan 81 2nd to Kouras (11 -a at Toweestar (2m. £1 350. oood to sofL Dae 13. 15 

J Dogjjen 

_ Ode Hem 95 — 


. P Bc u da m ate — 6-1 

JAM — 14-1 

P Barton — 10-1 

2J0 ST NICHOLAS HANDICAP CHASE (£2,637: 3m) (8 runners) 

3 4P1012-2 GAMBDT (CDJIF) (Lord Vestey) D tfitfrotson B-11-7 

6 0/B1 14-3 NO PARDON (£) (A Hobbs) P Hobbs 11-11-3 

8 312100- SHORT RATE (P Nekton) M FMherston-Godfoy 6-10-7 

9 02B/F4P- TMSKAISJR (A HunOLXenmnl 10-10-1 

10 212/F30 IE GRAN BRUN (Mrs A PoBonQJ King 8-104) 

11 124FOO- GALA PRINCE (D) (Mrs M Aston) A Jems 9-10-0 

12 302211 TUDOR ROAD (d (A StoddarQ L Kenrwrd 11-100 

14 0U32-4Q WOODLAND GENERATOR (Mbs MntMOS)PfYitcfnrtf 7-104) — 

RDtswoody •99F6-4 
Peter Hobbe 90 7-2 

. S Sherwood 80 7-1 

R Rowe — — 

SMcMeto 0510-1 

TJrevte 90 — 

BPOweO 90 54 

- NFemal 7) 81 — 

1985: CONTRADEAL 6-1 1-10 S SMston (4-1) F Welwyn 13 ran 

Guide to our in-line racecard 

103 (12) 0-0432 T80ESR)RM(CPtBF)(MrB JRytay)BHafi9-1M BWSstfi) 88 7-2 

Racecard number. Draw In brackets. Six-figure and tftttnca winner. BFJtestaa tnourite 1 to ktoM 
form (F-toJL P-puDed up. u-unseated rider. B- race). Owner In bracket s. Trama r._Afl e_md 
bmum down. SSkroed up. R-nefased). Horsa's weight Rider plus any, atew mee. The lines 
nanra(B4®tk0rs. V-vfeor. H-hood. E-Eyeshfc&LC- FYtvate HancBcappert rafog. Anpnxdnne starting 
course winner. D-distsnce wint wr. CDnxxirse price. 

2.0 TATTEBSALLS NOVICE CHASE QUALIPER (Mares: £1,753: 2m) (18 runners) 

2 F0-R211 KLSYTH (M Pointon) D Burchefl 7-11-1— WKnrw(4) MF9-4 

3 FQ34-22 ANDREA DAWN (B3F) (D MSkim) A Tunefi S10-10 Stove Kafcttr *99 3-1 

4 3104P/0 AW(SIDINB£B&LE(JCol8tan)J Colston 6-1H0 JSuthem 

5 00000/0 CELTIC BimN (B Hetyer) T Forstvr S-10-10 Mr M Aimytage (7) 

2.15 RACING POSY NOVICE CHASE (£1,649: 2m) (14 runners) 

2 0-11P32 PRICE OF PEACE (G Faber) CJBflR 8-12-4 

5 01120-1 READY TOKEN (D)(R«sK Lundbwg-Young) A Smith 6-11-6 CQmot 

7 400203 AUOa^ND EXPRESS (M Thompson) VThon^son 6-1 1-4 _ MrM Tborito** (4) 

8 1324-60 HCKBSrAFFEfJ Cktffln) MW Easterly 5-11-4 M Dwyer 

9 00000-0 BORDEAUX ROUGE (P Doherty) E Canar 5-1 1-4 H Pepper 

10 00000-3 FRED ASTAIffi (Maj 1 9tra<(w)N Crump 5-11-4 CHeMkfas 

11 0310M HOLUNBAfM (Mrs SPhMpe) Dine 7-1 1-4 GHreker 

98 132 
• 99F5-2 
78 4-1 
— 12-1 

12 34439-3 BA'S DELIGHT <H Proud) J Chariton 7-1 1-4 REanntaw 

13. OtyOOM KBRSJLfJ Starters) J Swlers 9-11-4 Mr S Swim (7) 

14 0000)F- MASTBIVULGAN (A DufflekQG Calvert 7-11-4 MHanmond 

17 002/0B3 SOLDBY (G Leetbam) M H Esstarby 8-1 M Lwyer 

19 0404UU WB3HSPnn-(W A StoptarwM^W A Stephenson 7-11-4 K Jones 

20 OO-OPOO WISE CRACKER (Meichan & Cox BuMbig Ltd) G W Richards 5-1 1-4 PTuck 

21 04/P2P0 BRIGHT IMP (R Beflwq P BlockJey 7-10-13 — 

1085: COOL DECISION 8-11-4 R Earnshaw (7-2) Mtes S Hal 17 ran 

2-46 BRCWPTON RIDERS HURDLE (Amateurs: £685: 3m 300yd) (23 runners) 

1 01300 TOWtol HOPE (P Sawney) Mrs G Reveley Sri 2-0 TD Smith (7) 

2 2 BESSACARR BOY (P IknchfifQ G W Richards 5-11-7 P Doyle (7) 

3 OPQO CAffiBY(R8choNy)R Schdey5-11-7. A Orkney (7) 

4 CMPNAST1C (T Nbcon) J Charlton 

5 0=4-223 CIDER SPY (Miss G Jermtagw Mtas G Jennings 6-1 1-7 — 

6 0000-00 DARWINA (R Johnson) R Johnson 4-11-7 — — K Johnson (7) 

7 64 BSEAfS IMAGE (P Short} Mm M Diddnson 5-11-7 RSWMa(7) 

9 Off LONS WAIT (Mrs M Thompson) 0 Lee 7-11-7— PA&Mmtf) 

10 a/D- MURPHYS DREAM (W A StophensonJW A Stephenson 6-1 1-7 JFeemney 

13 000646 ONE TRACK *•« EMOnJMteJ Eaton 4-11-7 Met Urn Eaton (7) 

14 WOO PARK PHMCE (W A Stephsmon) W A Stephenson 5-11-7 PJnbnson(7) 

16 OP-O PONDCROWT (A IOy»4t»J A KnwJes 6-11-T S Whitaker (7) 

16 GP-0 PONDOtOMT (A Knowles) A Kriotoes 6-11-7, SWWtofcer(7} 

20 UFPOBO SEALED OfFHI(MiMJ Hey) PBeaumoni 6-11-7 M Srreareby (7) 

21 OP SOVBfiaNSTB>8 (Mrs J Evens) MreJ Evens *-11^7 — 

22 016-38 SURPASS (R Tate) R TMs 6-11-7 Mes F Tam (7) 

23 4 TREASUfEMBTIBI (Mrs A Robson) W Pearce 7-11-7 AHofam(7) 

24 0 W88JY NOTE (hks M DtefcbwOT^ Mrs M OWdraon 4-11-7 J Osborne (7) 

a OP AteWB? BACK (Mrs M Beaumont) PBeeumont 7-11-2 — Mm A Be e— o u t (7) 

27 P BRiQHT ENCMIQH (Ceifngs4 Intertocs Ltd) T Bfl 4-11-2 Mbs S Barter (7) 

28 FPF5-33 COTTAGE LEAS (BF)^ Hartes)MW Btofoy 7-11-2 RMoriey(7) 

29 DERCANNY (P Gtibon) D LaO 6-11-2 H frown (7) 

32 OPPOO SCALE M0PEL{J Roper) J Roper 4-11-2. — MtaeStoiwOBrerpl 

S3 964 TRIKKAU STAR (MreH Noown) SCtonbidge 4-11-2- Mrs H Noonm (7) 

1985: EASTER BRIG 5 - 1 1 -CJ Quinn (B-1)G W Rfohards 16 ran 

3.15 STREELAM NOVICE HURDLE (Div Ifc £585: 2m) (14 runners) 

2 1 sreaAL VINTAGE (J Murdoch) Jtomy fltegereM 611- 7 , ■ MOwyer 

5 000 DARK CtGHET (G LeggOd) D Lee 4-1 14) — G Heritor 

G 06 HOWS TONY (Mrs D BousSeld) B Boosfield 5-11-0 Mss D Stock (7) 

9 6030 NAUnCAL JOKE (W A Stephenson) W A Stephenson 7-11-0 RLmfe 

11 RESTORATION (A DWfield) G CWvwt 4-11-0 M Pepper 

12 30/P2-82 ROYAL CRACKER (HMfow Bros) T BB 5-11-0 RCm* 

14 000-4P stLVBt CAlflWN tG N“P«1 R Woodhewse 4-114) M Bremen 

15 TOCKAUl (J Hepburn) II H EasRrty 5-11-0.™, LWyer 

16 060FF0 TOPOTHECREAMtA SeOdngfon) J Charttan5-11-0^~^..^ — . REe wwfrew 

19 300-000 TREVRLOO Jonfon) I Jonton 6-11-0 B Storey 

21 U4» TYUE AM) WEAR (Denys Smfih) Denys Snflh 4*11-0 C Grant 

22 UHSCRUPUUPUS OEWT (W A Stephwaon] W A S tephenson 4-n-O- A Mer rigm 

23 000/D-0P VtoEO 800*4 (V TfrompSCTi) V Thompoon 5-11-0 — — 

24 0420ff- PBMY FALLS (G BOOH) M»C Dock 7-169 —- ■■■ D Sheer 

1$6& R NANCY 4-10-5 S YoWden (11-2) H Wharton 16 ran 

96 — 

• 9910-1 

. B Storey 
. C Grant 

Course specialists 

M H Easterly 


Pur Cam 









Reference Point rules in 
Free Handicap although 
fillies hold strong hand 

Reference Point, the five 
lengths conqueror of Bengal 
Fire in October's Futurity 
Stakes at Doncaster was top 
rated in the European Free 
Handicap, the weights for 
which were published yes- 
terday, and is 6-i favourite to 
give Henry Cecil his second 
Derby triumph at Epsom next 

“I reckon he’s earat the 
right 10 be there,” said Cedi 
yesterday.“He was so im- 
mature that I didn’t thmk Fd 
get him on the racecourse at 
alL But he’s just kept on 
improving and has done 
particularly well recently. 

“ At this stage I don’t see 
him as a Guineas horse and 
Fm not going to try and force 
him. But if he comes to hand 
early, we might be tempted.” 

Bracketed together in the 
weights at 9st 3b are Ajdal 
and Forest Flower, 21b below 
Reference Point Ajdal is 
favourite at 4-1 to repeat 
Shadeed’s 1985 win in the 
2,000 Guineas for Michael 

Without 3 shadow of a 
doubt. Sheikh Mohammed’s 
unbeaten Northern Dancer 
col! was the fastest ofhis sex in 

By Michael Seely 

third in the Cbeveley Park 
Stakes, we consider our rating 
to be her true superiority.” 

Apart from the Futurity and 
the Dewhurst, the inter- 
national panel of handicap- 
pers considered the Pnx 
Marcel Boussac at 
Longchamp on Arc day to 
have been the roost significant 
race run in Europe during the 

Miesque, the half-length 
winner, has been allotted 9st 
31b, Milligram, the runner-up. 
9k 21b, Sakura Reiko. who 
finished third, 9st lib.. 

There was. naturally, a great 
deal of discussion at the 

meeting about the controver- 
sial 51b that two-year-old fil- 
lies are going to receive from 
the colts next season. Despite 
the feet that there were five 
fillies among the nine top 
rated two-year-olds in the Free 
Handicap. Gibbs stuck to his 
guns when discussing the mat- 

“The feet that we have an 
outstanding crop of fillies this 
year does not affect our basic 
argument- Extensive studies 
carried out in England, Ire- 
land and France over a period 
of years have shown that on an 

lion figures into line with 
North American and commer- 
cial assessments, the ratings 
have now been raised 40lb. eg: 
a 1985 rating of 90 has now 
become one of 130. .Another 
innovation is that the panel 
have split the group of three- 
year-olds and upwards into 
five sections, varying from 14 
furlongs plus down to five 
furlongs plus. 

In the 11 furlongs plus 
division. Dancing Brave has 
been given a rating of 141. 
This makes the Prix de J’Aic 
de T riomphe winner over that 
distance, the best horse to 
have come under the panel’s 
scrutiny since the inter- 
national classification was in- 
troduced in 1977, one pound 
ahead of Shergar, the 1981 
Derby winner, and also a 
pound in front of Alleged, 
judged on his second Arc win 

To achieve this rating the 
panel have assessed Dancing 
Brave to be 71b superior to 
Bering, the 1 x h lengths runner- 
up in Paris. They have also 
disregarded the running of the 
Lyphard colt when defeated in 
the Derby and also when 
finishing fourth to M anila in 
the Breeders’ Cup Turf 

Leading two-year-old weights and ratings 

RefaraocePoin: . 


Forest Homv_ 

Shady Heights — 

Risk Mb 

Sakura Rato _ 



invited Guest _ 
fcfistar Majestic 

Sanam _____ 

Shy Process — 



Bangs) Hr* 

□onl Forget Me. 
Fearless Action _ 

-SstTfo 127 

95 125 


93 123 

92 122 


91 12t 


90 120 

813 119 







8 12 118 


911 117 



Groom Dancer — 


Process* du Borg. 
Rich Charfe 

Bafoonefla — 


Deputy Governor _ 
Dommian Royafe — 

Gayane — 



Sir David i 

Three Generations _ 


Cadaaux<TAn» — 

Canad i an MM 

Grand Cheiem 

Lore The Groom — 

Mr Eats 

Naheez — 

Noble Minstrel 


Shining Water 

Touching Love _™ 


Arabian Stiak — __ 

118 Baba Karam — 

Carols Treasure _™, 

Don Mono 

Entracte — 

Gulf King 

indon Forest 

Raison Rqyate 


t15 At Risk 

TK> .Avalew 

Export Wee 

Gtory Forever 

tofoenal Frontier — 

Most Welcome 

Mountain Memory _ 

Tenue da Soroe — 
Who Knows 




8 8 114 


— ea 







87 113 


Britain last season but after 
cruising to the front in the 
Dewhurst Stakes at New- 
market, Ajdal idled when in 
the lead and at the line had 
only threequarters of a length 
to spare over Shady Heights 
(9st 21b). 

Forest Flower, first past the 
post m four ofher six races for 
lan Balding, has been placed 
5!b ahead ofMinstreUa. In the 
Cheveley Park Stakes at New- 
market, Forest Flower beat 
her old rival by 2J& lengths but 
was later demoted for 

Commenting on their 
respective ratings, Geoffrey 
Gibbs, the senior Jockey Club 
handicapper, said: **We know 
that Minstrella beat Forest 
Flower by a head in the Heinz 
57 Stakes at Phoenix Park. But 
that was in heavy ground. 

“Judged both cm the feet 
that Forest Flower came out 
nearly 51b superior in the 
Cherry Hinton Stakes at New- 
market and on a line through 
Canadian Mill, who finished 

average fillies are at the very 
least 51b inferior to (heir male 

As usual, Gibbs, his col- 
leagues and the whole Euro- 
pean panel have done a first- 
class job in unravelling the 
tangled skeins of form. But it 
must be remembered that, in 
modem times, future classic 
candidates are more lightly 
raced as two- year-olds. For 
example, the brilliant Dancing 
Brave was only allotted 8st 
101b last year on the strength 
of two wins at Sandowu and 
Newmarket And Shahrastani, 
the 1986 Derby winner, fin- 
ished the previous season as 
an unrated maiden after hav- 
ing finished second at 

Next year. Legal Bid might 
fell into the same category. 
Like Sip Anchor in 1984, 
Ocil’s Spectacular Bid colt 
romped home in the Wharton 
Manor Stud Stakes at Notting- 
ham on his only racecourse 

In order to bring classifica- 

Over the Eclipse distance of 
10 furlougs Dancing Brave 
was accorded a figure of 134 
and over a mile 130, equal 
with Last Tycoon. 

“Thanks to Jimmy Kiirow, 
director of racing at Santa 
Anita, Last Tycoon was ac- 
corded this figure strictly on 
his win in the Breeders' Cup 
mile on Turf,” said Gibbs. 

“ We hope that in the not 
too distant future we shall be 
able to join together with our 
colleagues in the United Stales 
to compile a joint North 
American and European 

Talking further on this sub- 
ject, Gibbs said; “It is 
astonishing considering the 
climate ana medication prob- 
lems bow accurately horses 
give their true running. There 
have been discussions about 
banning medication in the 
Breeders’ Cup races, but due 
to the complicated inter-state 
laws, it will be some years 
before any agreement is likely 
to be reached.” 

(4th), 13-2 Aren't *W e 


« HMfc 5-4 lav 




C«rwi 0*5 ire TT* VOWTHI, 

ganra, 33 Royal Manx. Walk In 






From John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 

. promised well, the 
third Test match turned out 
disappointingly. When it was 
,eft *5*® Vesterdav, England 
were 39 for two in their second 
innings, Australia havine 
made a token declaration at 
tea ume, 260 runs ahead with 
two boure left for play. 

So England preserve their 
lead in the series. Australia 
having done nothing very 
much to relieve them of it. 
Both sides were, overall, over- 
cautious. and Australia had 
rather less reason to be so than 
England. To regain the Ashes, 
Australia must now win both 
die remaining Test matches. 
The fourth Test starts in 
Melbourne on Boxing Day 
the fifth in Sydney on January 

1 u« 

They are two such moderate 
bowling sides that it will need 
a very different pitch from 
Adelaide’s to achieve any 
result other than a draw. The 
last I heard from Melbourne 
was that they are preparing for 
a high-scoring draw, being 
tired of hearing criticism of 

Worcs’ move 

Worcestershire County 
Cricket Clnb confirmed yes- 
terday that they were giving 14 
days' notice of approach to 
sign the Somerset all-ro trader 
Ian Botham, whose contract 
expires on December 3] and 
who has declared his intention 
of leaving the county following 
the sacking of Viv Richards 
and Joel Garner. 

the pitches there; but I shall 
believe that when I see iL 
Although Sydney has just 
staged a Sheffield Shield stale- 
mate between New South 
Wales and Western Australia, 
it would be unlike them there 
not to see that the ball turns 
for the Test. 

No Adelaide Test can have 
been played in much less 
seasonable weather than the 
one just finished For three of 
the five days it was grey and 
cheerless, especially yesterday 
morning when only 20 overs 
could be bowled between fre- 
quent stoppages for a succes- 
sion of nasty little drizzly 
squalls. It was more like late 
spring in the Parks at Oxford 
than high summer in South 
Australia. Any remote chance 
there may have been of an 
interesting last day's play was 
therefore soon gone. 

The loss of Adelaide’s tra- 
ditional January Test, held 
over the Australia Day holi- 
day, is greatly resented here. 

Moderate men short of ideas 

Something for 
everyone in 

England | world of cricket 
to face 


Captains docking and weaving: Gatting, bemused after a first ball nought, while Border (right) plunders his 21st Test ceatory 
For years it. was a favourite 
fixture in the cricketing cal- 

endar. a sure success watched 
by by 172,000 people in 1932- 
33 and never by fewer than 
100,000. When Kory Packer 
came along all that changed 
Adelaide's Test was moved to 
mid-December, since when it 
has never been the same 
attraction. The game just fin- 
ished was watched by an 
aggregate attendance of 

In five days. 20 wickets fell 
for 1.209 runs. En gland were 
not alone in being prepared to 
take few chances in the quest 
for victory. The most forth- 
right and adventurous inning s 
played for either side was. in 
feet, Gatling's for England on 
Sunday. Having begun by 
leaving out a bowler. Australia 
were on fob attack only for a 
few overs before they declared 

their first innings, and it is 
they who are losing the series. 

The curator, one of the two 
or three best in Australia and 
now coveted by Melbourne, 
who are losing theirs, will be 
Mamed for having made too 
good a pitch. But I am not sure 
that that is fair. It became a 
tedious and eventually boring 
match; but quite often until 
the last day there were ways of 
seeing how a result might be 
achieved and probably would 
have been had the bowling 
been stronger. The Australian 
bowlers are not up to much 
anyway, and since Brisbane 
Edmonds and Emburey have 
taken a wicket only every 31 
overs at a cost of 60 runs 
Almost inevitably. Border 
scored his 21st Test century 
yesterday, a number exceeded 
only by Bradman and Greg 
Chappell for Australia ft was 

his seventh against England, 
his tenth in Australia, his first 
in Adelaide, and his ninth as 
Australia’s captain. He batted 
for just over five hours, faced 
253 balls, and gave a sugges- 
tion of a stumping chance off 
Emburey when he was 85. 

In six innings in the series, 
Ritchie has not been out for 
under 30. Although he con- 
centrated on defence yes- 
terday, he still made quite 
pleasant watching. When Aus- 
tralia declared. Ritchie and 
Border had added 124 for the 
fourth wicket; when England 
went in, Athey was caught at 
the wicket down the leg-side, 
hooking at Hughes, and 
Gatting was bowled first ball, 
making room to hit Matthews 
through the covers off the 
back foot Gatting thus be- 
came the second batsman Jn 
the match to have scored a 

century in one innings and 
nought in the other. 

Stumps were drawn haif-an- 
hour early, and it was a 
merciful • release. Although 
bright try sow, it was still cold 
and windy. More sweaters had 
been seen during the match 
than usually are in the whole 
of an Adelaide summer. Broad 
was grafting on, unprepared to 
get him sellout, and Lamb was 
playing as though he knew his 
place might be in jeopardy if 
he failed P gain 

For Australia, Reid was 
missing with a braised heeL Of 
England’s invalids, Botham is 
hoping to have his first prac- 
tice before the end of the week. - 
He left it to Liam, his son. to 
do his share of net bowling 
yesterday, and to show the 
unbridled promise that his 
father probably did at the age 
of nine . . . 



G R Man* b Edmonds 

0 C Booe c Whitaker b Emburey _ 

DM Jones c RJctanta b Dtoey 

’A R Bonier c Rictards b Edmonds 
G M Ritctae c Broad b DeFretas — . 

G R J Matthews not out 

S R Waugh not out 

Extras flb2, rb 15) 
Total (5 wkta dec) . 

- 43 
. S3 
. 70 
. 38 
. 73 
. 79 
■ 17 

B4GLAND: Heat mags 

B C Brood c Marsh b Waugb 

C W J Athey b Sleep . 


•M W Gatttngc Waugh b Sleep — 100 

A J Laab c Matthews b Haghes 14 

Dl Govarbif b Rsfcl 30 

J E Emburey c Dyer b Reid ... -- ■ 49 
j j WMtaker c MeMiews b RaM Tl 

si Australia batting and fielding 

England b a tt in g and fiekfing 

1C JWehKtisc Jonas b Strap. 
P A J DeAeftu not out 

P R Steep, \G C Dyer, M G Itogtas and B 
A Raid did not baL 

FALL OF WICKETS! 1-113, 2-105, 3-311. 

BOWLM& DBw 32-3-111-1; DaFMtas 
32-4-128-1; Emburey 46-11-117-1; Ed- 
monds 52-14-134-% Getting 9-1-22-0. 

P H Ectaonds e Border b Sleep 
G ROMey bfletd . 

Extras (b 4. 9)14,1*4,06 4), 

- 13 
_ 0 

- 26 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-112, 2-273, 3-283, 
4-341, 6341, 6381, 7-422, 6439, 9454, 


BOWLING: Hucfees 30-8-82-1; Retil 28 4- 
844-4; Steep 47-14-132-4; Ma8be«S 23- 
1-102-0 Border 1 -0-1-0 Weugb 194 56. 

GBJM alttiuw 

A R Border 
SR Waugh 
DM Jones 
DC Boon 
G F Lawson 
CD Matthews 
MG Hughes 

5 8 201 

3*1 125 
178 79" 
225 46* 
314 110 
83 38 
217 93 
129 103 
13 13 
21 11 
7 3 
0 0 

HS AygstOO SO Ct/St 
73* 10050 - 2 4 

M l NO R HS AvgelOO BO Ct/St 

5020 2 1 

5933 - 2 
56.25 - - 
5233 1 1 

41.50 - - 
36.16 - Z 

21-50 1 - 
13JM - - 
7.00 - - 
330 — — 
030 — — 

B C Broad 









DI Gower 









IT Botham 









CJ Retards 










M W Gafting 




















J E Emburey 


















PH Edmonds 










A J Lamb 










JJ Whitaker 









GR May 












Richard Ellison who helped 
England win the Ashes 16 
months ago, is determined to 
make life difficult fir his 
countrymen over the next few 
days. Ellison win open the 
bowling lor T asm a ni a against 
the tourists during a fear-day 
game in Hobart, starting tomor- 
row, and he says: “Hd love to 
take some wickets against my 
old mates.** 

The Kent pace bowler, aged 
27, has suddenly rediscovered 
his form after a depre ssin g 
summer at home which saw hhn 
slide dramatically from favour. 
Id August 1985, Ellison was Che 
toast of England when taking 10 
for 104 as Australia were rooted 
by an timings in the fifth Test at 
Edgbaston. He Allowed that 
with seven for 81 at the Oval. 

Matthews to play 
for Gaisborough 

Greg Matthews, the Austra- 
lian all-rounder, is to join the 
North Yorkshire and South 
Durham League Club 
Guisborougb as a professional 
next year. He will replace the 
West Indian. Desmond Haynes, 
who has not been retained after 
two years with the Yorkshire 

The deal was negotiated with 
the Australian team manager 
Bobby Simpson, who alw> acts 
as Matthews’s agent. 

Bnt Ellison suffered like 
evetyooe else in the West Indies 
the Allowing winter — and fife 
went from bad to worse. Last 
summer he played one Test 
against India and was not used 
against New Zealand. Loss of 
form and hyorj problems also 
affected his form for Kent and be 
finished with 23 fi r st - class wick-, 
ets at 47 runs apiece. 

“TVe had a year I would like to 
forget," he said. “I lost a lot of 
confidence and I didn't know 
where my next wicket was 
coming from. Bat I jumped at the 
chance to play for Tasmania and 
It has paid off. I fed I'm bowling 
a lot better again* ” 

DQley, the England fast 
bowler, is being rested against 
Tasmania because of a trouble- 
some left knee which received 
regular treatment daring the 
thud Test in Adelaide. Also 
st a n din g down are Edmonds 
(stiff back) and Gower, while 
Botham has not recovered from 
his rib mascle iqjary. 

"I»n i$ continuing to wfa 

progress and we hope he win be 
able to have some hatting prac- 
tice in foejiext few days,:* said 
Peter Lash, the England man- 

- Getting, the England captain, 
was “delighted" to leave Ad- 
elaide yesterday one op in the 

series and with only two Tests to 

Getting, who has been criti- 
cized fior adopting a negative 
tactics after muring the first 
Test in Brisbane, saw no reason 
to apologize. “1 woaM be very 
happy to wra the series 1-0. 
Sometimes you have to contain 
the opposition. Yon cannot at- 
tau the time. 

Sports writers of The Times present their selection from the 
sporting books of the year. Today Marais WUHtzms and Pat 
Batcher make their choices from the worlds of cricket and athlet- 
ics respectively. 

The quantity of books on 
cricket is a constant source of 
wonderment Wisden Cricket 
Monthly reponed the total in 
1985 as 73. tbe torrent has 
continued apparently unabated 
this year and MCCs bi- 
centenary in 1987 offers pub- 
lishers, should they require it, a 
further spur. 

The outstanding cricket book 
of 1986. and in its scope perhaps 

the outstanding single cricket 
book yet produced, has been 
Barclays World of Cricket (Col- 
lins Willow, £25). This lavish. 
724-page tome is the third 
edition ofa work first published 
in 1966, Ally revised in 1980 
and now widely acknowledged 
as the best volume of reference 
on tbe game and die one, were 
such a restriction imposed, to 
take to a desert island. 

Christmas Island 
makes the news 

Connections — and tbe mixture 
interspersed with photographs, 
cartoons and some pleasant 
cricketing verses, Mr Frewin has 


lent of Arthur Fagg’s 


nniq ue 

tack all tbe time. If that's boring, 
then it’s uafertraate.” 

ENGLAND frTamirti) BC Brawl. Cl 
J Athey, M W Gatttog. W N Stack. A . 

DC Boon Ibw b DeFretas 
G RMorabc and b Edmonds 
D M Jones e Lamb b OBey — 

•A R Border not out — . 


— 2 
— 46" 
— 12 



*MW Gating b I 
A J Lamb not out . 

Extm (b 4, lb 6. nb 2) _ 

Total (3 wMs dec) 201 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-1, 241. 3-77. 
BOWLING: Dfley 21-638-1: DeFieRm 
165-361; Emburey 22-6-560; Edmonds 
267-661; Getting 2-1-44L 

Extras (b 2. HI) 
Total (Evicts) 






FALL OF WICKETS: 1-21, 242. 


160; M e ttbew s 64-161; Sleep ! 
Umpires: A R Craftar and S G Ramtet 


PR Sleep 




12&4 24 343 
52 19 132 
863 16 301 
783 17 260 

70.1 14 233 
83 11 295 

W Avge 
13 2&38 4-64 
4 3330 4-132 
9 33-44 669 

7 37.14 6134 
6 3863 695 
2 14730 1-10 

8B 51 10M Bantna 

1 - 


137.2 29 396 
573 9 177 

PAJDaFretes 118/4 22 372 
PH Edmond* 165 52 335 
JE Emburey 2153 82 464 

W Avge 

13 3046 
4 4425 

8 4630 
7 4735 

9 5135 

2 -35 

51 10M 



— — » . „>->», r A J DoFrattaa, B N 
French, C J fficW a. J E Emburey. N A 

Previous Tests 

FIRST TEST (Brisbane): England 
won by seven wickets. 


Tbe section headings give an 
idea of the breadth of cover- 
— History of the Game in 
_ d; Overseas Cricket, 
including such exotic places as 
Christmas Island. Egypt, 
Kiribati, Norway and Tristan da 
Cunha; Biographies; Inter- 
national Cricket: English 
Cricket and Universities; Tbe 
Limited-Over Game; Grounds 
of the World: Other United 
Kingdom Cricket; A Cricket 
Treasury; Laws; and Glossary, 
plus a statistical appendix, notes 
on the chief contributors and an 
index; but this is no dry text- 
book, for it features articles by 
outstanding writers on tbe 
such as Neville Card us, 
mond Roberlsoo-Giasgow, Ian 
Peebles, Jade Fingteton. Ray 
Robinson, A. A. Thomson. 
John Ariott, Alan Gibson and 
Alan Ross, to name but a few. 

E. W. Swan ton, the general 
editor. (George Plumpue, as 
editor, and our own John 
Woodcock, as consultant editor, 
complete the editorial team with 
Robert Brooke as statistician) 
states that the book’s aim “is to 
satisfy anyone anxious to extend 
his or her general knowledge of 
cricket and to provide them 
with some entertaining, worth- 
while reading in the process.” 
That aim is realized many times 

Another acknowledged crick- 
eting classic was The Boundary 
Book, subtitled ‘A Lord’s 
Taverners* miscellany of 
Cricket,’ edited by Leslie Frewin 
and published in 1962. Against 
his own better judgement — he 
considered the earlier success 
could not be repeated — but 
persuaded above all by the most 
praiseworthy feet that royalties 
wifi be directed by tbe Taverners 
to disabled children and youth 
cricket. Mr Frewin has compiled 
The Boundary Book Second 
Innings (Pelham, £14.95). 

Only time and the sales lists 
will tell whether this new assem- 
blage, prefaced like its prede- 
cessor by the Tavemeis’ hon- 
orary twelfth man, the Duke of 
Edinburgh, will rival its prede- 
cessor as one of cricket’s 
bestsellers. What is certain .is 
that with another distinguished 
batting order — comprising 
Harold Pinter, A. A. Milne, Sir 
Arthur Oman Doyle, Leslie 
Thomas, Sir John Betjeman, 
P. G. Wodehouse, Lord Olivier 
and a host of writers known 
primarily for their cricketing 

double century in each innings 
of tbe same match. 

Fagg’s achievement has stood 
hi Woden’s records section to 
inspire awe in every schoolboy, 
so too has tbe entry: 


H. Verity {Yorkshire) 19.4-16-1610 v 
Notttegtanuttre at Leads 1932. 

All 10 wickets in a first-class 
innings has been achieved more 
than 70 times (though not in 

England since 1964), but the 
symmetry of those figures, 10 
wickets for 10 runs, has a special 

There was something special 
too about the bowler, as is 
confirmed in Medley Verity: A 
Portrait of a Cricketer by Alan 
Hill (Kingswood, £12). In this 
well-researcbed biography, the 
first at full length on the subject, 
Mr Hill traces the career of an 
outstanding slow left-arm bow- 
ler from his youthful obsession 
with the game, via a formidable 
tally of 1.956 wickets (average 
14.90) in fewer than 10 years, to 
its termination on the battlefield 
of Catania. Sicily. 

Verity is probably most 
widely remembered for tbe 14 
wickets he took in a day against 
Australia at Lord’s in 1934. but 
be also took all 10 Warwickshire 
wickets 1931 (revenge against a 
county that had earner turned 
him down), topped the first- 
class averages in ms first and last 
seasons, and on bis final appear- 
ance in 1939 spun out seven 
Sussex batsmen fora mere nine 
runs in six overs mi a rain- 
affected Hove pitch. 

While Verity would be near 
the head of every cricket buff’s 
list of the greatest slow left-arm 
bowlers, there is another man 
whose name is sure to crop up 
whenever the fastest bowlers of 
all time are discussed- For ail the 
Marshalls, Holdings, Thom- 
sons, Tysons and Larwoods, the 
quickest of them all may have 
been Charles Jesse KortnghL 

The ball that went 
for six byes 

Certainly none of tbe others 
can claim to have bowled a ball 
that rose from a good length 
over the batsman, wicketkeeper 
and boundary for six byes, as 
Kortrigbt did on the albeit 
compact Wallingford CC gr- 
ound in Oxfordshire in 1890; 
the carry was later estimated at 
63 yards. 

Kortrigbt played for Essex, 
die Gentlemen and other select 
XIs in a first-class career span- 
ning 1893 to 1907 and fora host 
of smaller dubs until a final 
appearance in village cricket at 
the age of 61. In Korty: The 
Legend Explained (Ian Henry, 
£8.95) Charies Sale details for 
the fust time Kortright’s 
colourful life and be produces 
some good yarns in a racy, if 
sometimes jarring, style. 

Kortright never did a day’s 
work, never played for Eng- 
land — and probably never 
wanted to — and his figures (489 
wickets at 21.05 apiece) are 
quite ordinary; but the pro- • 
digious pace of which he was 
clearly capable makes him an 
intriguing and tantalizing 

i - 

ALSO BOWLED: A R Border 3-67-0; G F Lawson 5661706. 

ALSO BOWLED: M W Gatting 19-633-0; A J Lamb 1-1-0-0. 

- SECOND TEST (Perth): Drawn. 

- Remaining Tests 
FOURTH TEST (Melbourne): Deo 
ember 26-30. 

FIFTH TEST (Sydney): January 10- 

Lovelock, the first 
modem athlete 


Double upset 
in British 
doubles titles 

By Cotin McQuillan 
A steadily developing na- 
tional enthusiasm for doubles 
squash rackets was evident as 
new and surprising champions 
emerged laie on Monday night, 
at Cannons Club. London, when 
first the Wright sisters, from 
Kent, and then the unlikely 
combination of Martin 
Bodimeade and Paul Carter 
emerged triumphant from the 
finals of the London Evening 
Standard British Doubles 

Sue and Debbie Wright beat 
the national singles champion, 
Lisa Opie, and her partner, 
Fiona Geaves. 12-15, 16-13. 15- 
13. 15-12 in 77 minutes. 

Bodimeade and Carter, res- 
pectively from Berkshire ana 
Hertfordshire, simply out- 
lasted. out-hit and out-shouted 
John Comi&h and _ Darren 
Mabbs 17-14. 17-18. I >10, I> 
16. 15-8 over the better part of 
three tortuous hours on court. 

The doubles game was de- 
signed for an arena both wider 
and longer than the stanraro 
squash court. To contain ©ur 
fast-moving, racket-wielding 
competitors within s *"8 ,es 
dimensions, a complex trame- 
woric of let-calls and protective 
roles has been cvolved- 
Comisfa and Mabbs hail from 
Avon, a county which snares 
with the Wrights' Kent a tong 
doubles heritage. They won the 
1984 British title and were 
expected to be experienced 
enough to outplay two young 
professionals hunting a 11151 
national championship. 

But Bodimeade and Carter 
brought in their first doubles 
excursion the weigh L 
which has carried them individ- 
ually into England's top it-'- 


Kingston pull out of WICB 

The World Invitation Club 
Basketball (WICB) champion- 
ships will go ahead at Crystal 
Palace over the New Year 
without its main English attrac- 
tion, Polycell Kingston, the 
winners of a stirring Prudential 
National Cup final against HFS 
Portsmouth on Monday and the 
unbeaten first division leaders. 

It was in the triumphant 
aftermath of their third cup 
success running, achieved by a 
margin of 95-87 at tbe Albert 
HalL that Kingston derided not 
to enter the tenth annual WICB 
event. Drapers Tools Solent 
Stars are expected to be invited 
to replace them. 

One look at the festive fixture- 
list convinced Kevin Cadle, the 
Kingston coach, and Dennis 
Roach, the club’s chairman, that 
they risked not only; fatigue but 
injury by trying to improve on 
last year's achievement when 
they finished runners-up to 
tfaccabi Tel Aviv in the finaL 
As last season's aip winners and 
play-off champions, Kingston 
are already booked to appear in 
the inaugural Tournament of 
Champions in Manchester on 
December 26 and 27. 

By Nicholas Halting 

By also entering the WICB 
tournament, Kingston would 
have been faced with a schedule 
of six games in 10 days. They 
would also have upset BPCC 
Rams Derby, who were unwill- 
ing to switch a home first 
division future on January 3 
because a special sponsor had 
been arranged. 

Roach said: “It was really 
Kevin's decision. He thought 
that the impetus of winning tbe 
cup would be enough to see us 
through. We have suffered in the 
past from being' exhausted in 
mid-season but now that it is 
our intention to go on and win 
the league and scoop all tbe 
trophies. I’d hate to go to the 
WICB and pick up an injury 
that could cost us the rest of the 

Although Roach went on to 
argue that the “level of com- 
petition in the WICB will not be 
as good this year, as there is no 
television,’’ the draw has thrown 
up some intriguing first round 
matches. Foremost among them 
is the one featuring BCP 
London and Porto, of Portugal. 

Portsmouth, the beaten cop 
finalists who entering the WICB 

Murray are stalled 

By a Special Correspondent 

anti P Garter .*" 117.14 17 - 
con xsn and D Matts gnsh S 

18. 15- 10. 15-16. 15-8. awr 
and D WrtflW (Kent) bealL 

and F Geaves (Gloves) 12 - 15 , ’D-u. 

13. 15- 12. 

The saga of the battle between 
Murray International Metals 
Zd the Scottish Basketball 
Association (SBA) over the right 
of the Scottish champions to 
ptav b a league south of die 
bonier took another twist 

Tbe SBA aband o ned its spe- 
cial general meeting, which had 
been called for Meadowbank, 
Edinb urgh next Saturday, at the 
fgqpest of M1M aad 11 other 
dubs, on the grounds that the 
motion to be considered was 

MlM wanted to overturn a 
decision of the annual meeting in, 

September that no Scottish dub 
conld take part in a competition 
controlled by another national 
association. “We didn't want to 
waste the fine and money of oar 
dubs bringing their repre- 
sentatives to Edinburgh only to 
tell them that,” said Kea John- 
ston, the national director. 

The SBA have taken legal 
advice oa foe relationship be- 
tween MlM and “Basketball 
League limited,” a new group 
who are currently negotiating 
with the. English Basket Ball 
Association, aboot the terns and 
conditions of the proposed new 
“super league' which is dae to 
start next season. 

for the first time, will have their 
work cut out against the Austra- 
lian Institute. By then, they will 
hope to have Colin Irish recov- 
ered from the bruised left knee 
that restricted him to a spectator 
at the Albert Hall final. “I could 
have run up and down court but 
no more.” said the England 
international. “There was no 
point in coming on. The guys 
were doing great and besides 1 
might have made things worse.” 

Dan Lloyd, the Portsmouth 
coach, was less than convinced. 
“Obviously, going without 
Colin was a big factor against 
us," be said. “It meant that we 
lacked that other big player to 
counter Kingston’s power. It 
was my better judgment that 
told me not to send him on 
when handicapped. 1 didn't 
want to put a player of bis 
calibre in a position like lhaL 
Having said that, we still made a 
game of it” 

Three times, Portsmouth had 
{Milled back deficits of between 
six and 13 points, to draw level, 
but they just did not have the 
resources to fight back a fourth 

Although, in Scott MeNish 
and Lloyd's brother, Doug, 
Kingston had the players to 
compensate for the subdued 
performances of Clark and 
Bomrager. the display of Davis, 
rightly voted most valuable 
player of the final for the second 
successive year, was the derisive 
factor. With no rebound seem- 
ingly escaping his dutches, 
Portsmouth were just not able to 
capitalize in the recent gal- 
vanized form of Cunningham as 
often as they must have wished. 

WICB DRAW: Hat round: (Jsnuay 1): 
Happy Ertr Bracknell PlraiBS v Wbigate 
Coaege (USk HFS Portsmouth v Austra- 
lian Institute (AusJ; BCP London v Porto 
[Port}; Soma (Sweden) V Tran to be 

Second Round: {Janoray 2): 

MlM (Scot] v Bradawl or Wingate: 
IMfittMfto (Bd v Portsmouth or AuMra- 
fefl Institute: Bayar Leveriusen (WG) v 
BCP London or Porto; Ans Satonta 
(Gca&te) v SOterrt or Soina. 


Italian takeover bid 
for technical events 

Madonna di Campiglio (Reu- 
ter) — Ivano Edalini became the 
first Italian for nearly eight years 
to win a men’s Alpine ski World 
Cup slalom when, at fob Italian 

resort yesterday, be put together 

two fast runs on a course that 
eliminated 55 of the 84 starters 
on the opening 61 -gale leg. 

His total time of lmin‘ 
45.79sec edged out the veteran 
lngemar Stenmark of Sweden 
( 1:45.98) — whose ran of 84 cup 
wins began on the Miramonti 
course here 12 years ago — and 
Switzerland’s Joel Gaspoz 

Edalini's win. following tbe 
Italian clean sweep in a giant 
slalom at La Villa two days ago, 
confirmed the team ns the new 
force in the technical events. 

It was a race tor those who 
could stay the steep courae for' 
the two legs. Favourite after 
favourite skidded out. Stones 
near the top of the course, which 

had been made with snow from 

other slopes, and ice later, 
accounted for II of the first 20 

The failures included the 

slalom cup holder, Rok 
Petrovic, of Yugoslavia. 
Sweden’s Jonas Nilsson, winner 
here fast year, and Richard 
Promotion, the winner of two 
recent giant slaloms. 

Pirrain Zurbriggen. of 
Switzerland, who finished 
eighth, increased his overall 
World Cup lead. He used 
yesterday's event as something 
'of a training run after his recent 
recovery from injury. 

EdaBnl m. 1mm 45.79sec; 

:4538; 3, J Gaspoz 


2. 1 Stenmartc (Swe), 1 

(SwtaJ. 1:4634; 4. B Knzaj 
1:4834; 5. Gunther Matter 

1:4637; 6. J Waiter (SweL 1 

1:48.4$ 12?i' Serosa (H), 1:49.49: 

srv b« 




1:49 JSE* 14. 
13037: 15. 

450(8:2. J 

i:3, 1 Edafini nt). 25: 4. B 

.. ... l:5.JNiteson(Sra»J.20:6. 

R Pramotion (It). 15: 7. A Bittner (WG). 14; 
8. G Matter (Austria), 11. 

WORLD CUP: 1. Zurbnggen 105 pte; 2. 

Prarotton S3: M wasmater (WG) 93; 4. 

Stenmark 66; 5. Gaspoz 63: 6. P Mater 

(SMB) 62; 7. F Hehner (Swifi 51: 8. L 

Stoek/Austriaj 43; a R Erbctar{l94£ 10. 
H Stnxz l Austria) 39: 11. Toetsdr 37; 12, 

M MaJr{lt)35: 13. K Alpifter (Suite) 34; 14. 

carantete 33; 15. &MW2S 

Swiss running the show 

Courmayeur, Italy (Renter) — 
Switzerland will rely oq the 
experience of Erika Hess and an 
exciting crop of new skiing 
talent to continue their winning 
streak in two women’s World 

Cup slalom races starting today. 

The Swiss have won five of 
seven events staged this season, 
including both slaloms, and 
have four women among tbe top 
five in the overall standings. 

With Maria Walliser, the overall 

leader, not expected to compete 
here, the way is open for a 
change at the top of the stand- 
ings. Her Swiss colleagues are 
expected to remain in control. 

Vrerii Schneider, who recently 
won the giant slalom at Water- 
ville Valley in the United Slates, 
is second. 24 points behind 

Walliser. Hess, one of the 
favourites after ber victory in 
the slalom at Waierville Valley, 
is only another 10 points adrift. 

Hess, four tunes slalom 
World Cup champion is eager to | 
record another triumph in what | 

she plans to be her last season. 

The Swiss can also count on 
the consistency of the two 
Brigittes, Oerib and GadienL 
and on the current good form of j 
Corinne Sch midha user, a rel- 

ative newcomer, who won last 
month’s opening slalom of the 
season at Park City in America. 
The strongest challenge to the 

Swiss should come from tbe 

reignipg World Clip champion, 
Roswitha Steiner, of Austria, 
and tbe 1 984 slalom cup winner, 
Tamara McKinney, of the 
United States. 

Any fool can collect statistics, 
and many da Such collections, 
often disguised by appending a 
turgid commentary of races and 
careers are invaluable to 
journalists scrabbling for pad- 
ding and to people who study 
train timetables without ever 
experiencing the journey. In 
short, such collections have 
limited appeal Yet in the 
woefully undersubscribed arena 
of athletics literature, there is a 
preponderance of statistics as 
there is of leaching manuals. 

Into this arid world, James 
McNeish has injected a little art 
with Lovelock, A Hovel (Hodder 
& Stoughton, £10.95). One of 
tite problems of writing ade- 
quately about present athletics 
heroes is the lack of perspective. 
It is difficult to cut across the 
cam and cult when Coe, Cram 
and Oven are writ large on 
television. -The only proximity 
that McNeish has with Jack 
Lovelock, the only man to set a 
world record while winning the 
Olympic 1,500 metres title, in 
1936, is being born in New 
Zealand and living in Europe. 
McNeish has the advantage of 
time: he was only aged five 
when Lovelock stopped running 
and only 1 8 when Lovelock died 
mysteriously under a subway 
car in New York in 1949. 

The danger for McNeish was 
that Lovelock was too distant. 
Compared to Coe and company, 
the slender, ascetic figure of 
Lovelock in that incongruous 
all -black strip hovers in faded 
photographs and flickering film 
of the 1936 Olympics in Berlin. 
The awe that tbe runner -was 
held in is summed up by the title 
of another New Zealander, Nor- 
man Harris’s, book, The Legend 
of Lovelock. 

McNeish admits tbe danger in 
bis preface. "Fifty years after.. _a 
mystique remains...hts un- 
expected victory in 1936 against 
tbe greatest field of miters ever 
assembled has about it aU the 
hallmarks of a great 
discovery.^Despiie the millions 
of words that have been written 
about Lovelock, his death in 
New York at the age of 39 has 
never been explained. In diaries 
and journals Lovelock analysed 
himself as no runner bad ever 
done before, and — be has been 
called the first modem athlete — 
here lies his significance for 
sportsmen: he changed the di- 
mate of thinking and antici- 
pated the four-minute mile. 

Otherwise bis life is a resound- 
ing blank.” 

But with Lovdock's journals, 
and the invaluable help of a 


constructed “the diary Lovelock 
never wrote.” Using detective 
story devices of dues, false trails 
and digressions. McNeish 
fleshes out the Apollonian figure 
and dresses him with a welcome 
hint of tbe Dionysiac 

McNeish supplies a marvel- 
lous crux of fiction and reality 
when Lovelock, who has almost 
been scared into the Olympic 
5,000 metres by three successive 
mile defeats by Sydney 
Wooderson. realizes that the 
Sport is all about competition in 
a passage which reads like a 
quote from Cram to The Times 
this summer, “ft was always 
people, not times as my target" 

The best use of the sfopwatefa 
is its link with the photofinish, 
to discern who won. Coliseum 
’32-84 (Omega Etectronics, 
Stampflistrasse 96, CH-2500. 
Bienne 4. Switzerland. 35 Swiss 
francs, ind post and packing) is 
a marvellous factual and photo- 
graphic account of the machin- 
ery of photofinish systems, first 
used at the 1932 Olympics in 
Los Angeles, which reached 
their present sophistication in 
1984 at the Coliseum, the only 
venue to be used for the 
Olympics twice. 

Lovdock’s career was an 
example of how the imposition 
of a little order can turn a talent 
into a gold medaL John Joe 
Barry’s autobiography. The 
Balfincurry Hare (Athletic 
Publications LtiL, PO Box 1227, 
Dublin S, Ere. £5 ind post and 
package), affords a glimpse of 
how a lack of disapline can 
result in a virtually wasted life. 

Bany, also a fanner’s son, had 
amazing natural talem. He won 
his first Irish cross-country 
championship after having 
ploughed (our Adds with a horse 
and share in the morning. He 
was one of the first Irish athletes 
to get an athletics scholarship to 
the United States. But tbe 
university system could not 
hold him and he could not hold 
himself For different, colourful 
reasons, all well-documented, 
Barry could have ended up like 
Lovelock, uniter a subway car. 
But he survived to return to 
Ireland and "dry oul” A good 
comparative study. 



Boom in do-it-yourself recreation and leisure activities but membership of clubs declines 


Sport gets deeper into our lives 

England selectors 

face their No. 1 

By John Good body 

Here is the good news for British 
fPOrt- More people, more often, are 
being active titan ever before. 
Particularly in indoor sport. More 
money, both public and private, ft 
being spent on physical activities. 
And the sponsorsMp of sport ft 
expected Co exceed £345 million by 

Here is the bad news. Although 
participation has increased, spectat- 
ing has deducted. The estimated 
total membership of chibs has 
remained static since 1977 at 6S 
million. And some outdoor activ- 
ities, like golf and particularly team 
games, are either diminis hing in 
popularity or not increasing as fast 
as indhrikhnl sports. 

One outstanding fact emerges 
from the welter of statistics pab- 
fished today by the Sports Council*: 
sport is the central interest in many 
people's lives and it ft growing. It ft 
also an increasing part of the 

Even excluding gunMing, the 
consumer spends £4366 tr illion on 
sport, which ft more than do-it- 
yourself, pets, records or bingo. In 
VAT alone, sport generates £4,146 
milli on for the economy, which is 
imtividnatiy more than either the 
motor indastry or tobacco. 

Mike Coffins, the head of re- 
search and planning at the Sports 
Council, points out that sport, video 
and audio equipment short-break 
holidays and overseas holidays are 
the only four areas of leisure 
expenditure which have increased. 

Local government authorities 
themselves spent about £800 million 
on sport in 1986 and the Govern- 
ment gave -a further £37 million to 
the Sports CoondL 

Much of this money helps to 

9 Squash 

The ten most popular sports 
in Great Britain | 

Adults in Greet Britain’ 
participating during the most 
I popular quarter** I 

when there are over 20 milliQa 
people takam part In spoit but only 
an fgrimafprf 65 millio n in clubs 
affiliated to a governing body?" 
Coffins asked. “But there ft no 
doubt that sport is a very big 
consamer lobby, even if ft is 



Snooker &| 
BiWards * 

| Walking 

minions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 

*Apdl6 and over 

•• Pamarn menu gl tfw MnM> art* Hw mem poputr quarto- lor dm man 

Boner Cfrnrt Hnu M twM Surwy 1377 108019B3 

provide the indoor facilities for the 
increasNdy popular activities like 
squash, which added 400,000 
participants In foor years. 

Coffins stresses that, the exp®- 
sion ft largely in mtaffiliated leisure 
and fitness activities. In other 
winds, people take part even if they 
do not belong to dubs. 

There may be only 15,000 mem- 
bers of the British Amateur 
Wei ghtlifting Association bnt about 
3 million people are doing weight, 
training and men’s ‘keep fit* 

The number of dobs affiliated^ to 
the Amateur Swimming Association 
(ASA) has marginally grown from 
1,585 to 1,700 mthe 21 years to 
1986 but there has been a massive 
increase in people who have swim- 
ming among their recreations. From 
5.4 m3UoD in 1975, there were 74 

million in 1983. Better facilities, 
particularly the arrival of leisure 
pools, have acoeteated the trend. 

Swimming has largely been un- 
able to harness the recreational 
interest in the sport mto active 
competition, as running has done so 
successfully through the fascination 
in marathons and nra-nras. 

But Peter Hassafl, the admin- 
istrative assistant of the ASA, 
believes that the club figures do not 
reveal the upsurge in ‘Masters’ 
swimming for dub competitors over 
the age of 25. “ This was virtually 
unknown 20 years ago," be said. 

Yet the figures for a sport like 
swimming still show vastly more 
activity th aw is revealed from the 
number of affiliated dubs. 

“The growing issue is bow can the 
governing bodies alone daim to 
speak for the mtaffiliated customer 

Several of the statistics are no 
more op to date than tine 1983 
general household survey, as the 
1986 survey has not beeH completed. 
Coffins says: “I would expect the 
1983 trend to have continued. 
Nothing from other data we have 
collated for this book would indicate 
the contrary.'” 

The individual sports showing 
most increases in partteipathm 
among adults are: swimming; 
snooker, bfiliaids and pool; keep fit 
and yoga; athletics (including jog- 
ging); squash; cycling and walking 
(at least two mOes specifically for 
pleasure rather than a means of 

From 1977 to 1983, the number of 
occasions people played sport a year 
rose from 21 hiffion to 25 billkm. 
“This is basicall y the difference 
from two to three trips a month,” 
Collins says. 

This greater leisure time ft cre- 
ated by a combination of unemploy- 
ment, more disposable income, 
greater awareness . of the benefits . 
and satisfaction from exercise and 
improved facilities. 

Team games seem static, al- 
though there axe some exceptions, 
like cricket in London. This is partly 
for demographic reasons. There are 
fewer people in their fate teens than 
there were eight to 10 years ago, and 
the l6-to-24 age group is the one 
when participating in team games ft 
at its peak. 

If Golllns ft heartened by the 
mass participation, he is less 

• optimistic of the future of spectat- 
ing, despite the 1.7 per cent rise m 
Football League attendances so far j 

this season. ] 

“Many small sports are getting | 
more spectators but really thftarea 
ft dominated by football, which 
5 tfmg never to have come to terms 
with the cfrflrtg m g nature of the 

weekend as dm amateur games have 

done by switching a majority of 
notches to Sunday. 

“Saturday ft the day for home 
chores and shopping. Football 
attendances have been a ff ecte d by 
relatively pom facilities a nd hig h 
prices, hooliganism and television, 
which has shown the game in edited 

nr mnro ovntrno Aon rt k 

problem at No. 5 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

_ decathlon, cnarrp.on 

Were The England sdectop 
forced to namea team this wecK. 
they might *ell pause for 
thought over the wearer of the 
No 5 jereev. From a position oi 
apparent health, their choice 
has declined because of Steve 

has declined. “jfEf Dl3V ruebv ^ I've been tins year 

Bainbndge s injury and the lack ; &iC tel t * 0 seasons 

of match-fitness of VVade disregarded ror 

Dooley and Matinee Ccrfdoi^i- ( ■ ' ^ . |ona i championship 
Bainbndge has not played for tte- * m^sureMhis 

often is the flesh. 

“I do not see football attendances 
overall ever coming back up. It will 
do wefl to sartain its current level. 
To return to the attendance level of 
the early 1950s would need a 
commitment from people that ft not 
preseal anywhere else in the world.** 

Bat football remains three times 
as popular a spectator sport as 
cricket, its nearest rival. 

Yet the growth of sponsorship 
from £50 million in 1980 to £127 
nriffion in 1985 and the TV coverage 
of sport from 1.876 to 2,463 hours 
has offset the drift away from stadia. 

The economic importance of sport 
ft also striking. From 78,000 in 
1970, the nmnber of people em- 
ployed in sport has almost doubled; 
and by 1983 almost £1.500 milli on 
was being spent in total by individ- 
uals on sport and services. 

*A Digest of Sports Stmisilcs for the 
UK (second edition), edited by the 
Centre for Leisure Research (£15) 
published by the Sports Council, 16 
Upper Woburn Place, London, 




Pyrah leads way 
as British trio 

Wilson in 

line for 

finish on high note 

Irish cap 

By Jenny MacArthur 

1 With British riders, led by 
Malcolm Pyrah on Towerlands 
Anglezarke. filling the top three 

places in Monday’s night’s 
Crosse and Blackwell grand prix 
at Olympia, the result went 
some way towards compensat- 
ing for British failure in 
Saturday's World Cup qualifier, 
when the highest placing was 

With John Whitaker finishing 
second on Next Milton, and Liz 
Edgar, on Everest Rapier, com- 
ing third, the event provided a 
fitting climax to the Olympia 
International show jumping 
championships, which attracted 
record attendances. 

Pyrah makes a habit of saving 
his 15-year-old partner for the 
biggest and richest prizes (the 
first prize in the grand prix was 
£4,500). Although the habit 
normally pays handsome divi- 
dends— he won the Olympia 
grand prix last year and the 
Wembley equivalent in Octo- 
ber — it foiled to pay off on 
Saturday. But while a time foult 
kept him out of the second 
round of the World Cup event, 
his inbuilt clock was again set to 
perfection in the grand prix. 

The Britons were joined in the 
timed jump-off by West 
Germany’s Bernhard Kamps, 
on Argonaut, and the French- 
man Jean Marc Nicolas, riding 
Midway Saint Paer. The course; 
which proved another triumph 

for Olaf Petersen — the first 
foreign course designer to be 
invited to Olympia — was the 
largest of the week and was laid 
out to ensure a fast, exciting 


Kamps and Nicolas both 
made heavy weather of their 
tasks, collecting eight and 12 
faults respectively. Pyrah, 
knowing he had Milton and 
Rapier behind him, had no 
choice but to go for a last time. 
The crucial turns were to the 
right, which favoured his Irish- 
bred mount, and they finished 
in 31.69sec. “Even if I'd gone 
last I couldn't have gone foster," 
Pyrah said. 

Whitaker, greeted as always 
by loud cheers, set off briskly. 
But even without his four faults, 
colle cted at the penultimate 
upright fence, he would not 
have beaten Pyrah's time. 

Any suspicions that Mis Ed- 
gar might have been reluctant to 
ask too much of the seven-year- 
old Everest Rapier, who won the 
main class on the opening night, 
were dispelled the moment she 
set off. But in her effort to better 
Pyrah’s time, she too collected 
four faults and finished frac - 1 
tionally slower than Whitaker. I 

Ipswich Town’s leading 
goal scorer Kevin Wilson may 
soon be eligible for a Northern 
Ireland international cap. 
Wilson’s mother is Irish and the 
Ipswich manager Bobby Fer- 
guson, has written to the North- 
ern Ireland FA pointing out that 
Wilson, who was born in Ban- 
bury, qualifies to play for them. 

Wilson, a^ed 25, is the second 
division's joint leading scorer 
with 16 goals 

• Aldershot, £250.000 in debt, 
could face a backlash from their 
supporters after putting up ad- 
mission prices by more than 300 
per cent for the FA Cup thud 
round tie against Oxford United 
on January 10. Terrace prices at 
the fourth drviaon dub’s 
ground wifl go up from £2JI0 to 
£9 and seating from £3.50 to 
£ 11 . 

The Aldershot chairman 
Colin Hancock, a dentist, said 
the increases were necessary to 
make the match financially 
worthwhile for both dubs. But 
Keith Yeomans, from 
Basingstoke, a supporter for 24 
years, was critical- He saiefc* 4 ! 

Odiuvi"^ “*’ — r — - _ 

the besc part of two mourns 
because of a hamstring injury, 
which shows no sign of mending 
quicklv; Dooley, whose recov- 
ery from ligament injury has not 
been so complete as be might 
have wished, has been dropped 
from the North divisional side: 
and Colclough. hampered by 
iiinre was far from his effective 
best in (he divisional game at 
Bath last Saturday. 

This is not to say that all will 
not be well in a month’s time, 
but it is a worrying situation 
because these are big men who 
n eed to work consistently to 
maintain full fitness and, in the 
ca« of Colclough, now aged 35, 
to stem the advancing years. But 
the experience he has to offer Lbe 
England squad is hard to over- 
lookTand he will hope to pose 
problems for the North this 
coming Saturday. 

At least, he is playing, which 
is more than can be said for 
Bain bridge: The Fylde lock, who 
was in action against Japan in 
October, has had a frustrating 
time these last seven weeks, 
since injuring a hamstring in 
Lancashire's game against York- 
shire. He can train with weights, 
jump and scrummage, but he 
cannct do much more than jog 
at the moment. 

“I went out fast nighi and got 
the length of two pitches, then 
the leg got too tight/* he said 

The frustration is greater be- 
cause Bain bridge, a natural ath- 
lete who was a student 

Masters Selectors 
will be pick the 
televised weak link 

By David Hands 

By Ian McLanchian 

HTV Wales, encouraged by Following their narrow' win 

the reaction to their live traits- over the North and Midlands 
missions last month of the last Saturday in the McEwan’s 

international matrlM* between Inter-District Championship. 
France and New Zealand, wiQ Edinburgh have made three 

be showing recordings next changes in their team to face the 
mouth of the Masters dob Anglo-Scois at Myreside on 

tournament, which ft being Saturday, 
staged in Toulouse this week. 

“The public reaction to the The in 
internationals was very good," ajKl CaM 

The internationals. Hastings 
and Cakler. return from injury 

John Roberts, the company’s 1® „ re P lace Simon Scon and 
sports department director, said. Miliar at centre and flanker 

It is not company policy to respectively. The most remark- 
release v ie w in g figures, bnt ^ c £ a /lS e ’ however, is at 
HTV flaw" that they compared scrum-half where Johnston is 

* - -r 

uzJZ* 4%. W 

favourably with BBC sports excluded I to allow Julian Scott (o 
programnes on the same day as purtner his Stewart’s Melville 

the international matches,' 

colleague. Wyllic. It would 

were played in Toulouse on appear that the selectors have 
November 8 and Nantes on dropped the wrong half-back 

November 15. 

and that the weak link last 

UK-''-*' - A ! ***? 

! a i i agW .. ' "<iWP.W«..I.L !-!«.! ' U,!l 

certainly will not be going on 
principle. I would willingly have 
paid £2 more but this is 

• Doug Rougvie, of Chelsea, 
and Mark Dennis, of Southamp- 
ton, both full backs, should hear 
today if they are to face an FA 
charge of bringing the game into 
disrepute. Rougvie was sent-off 
after a first-half flare-up in 
Chelsea’s 4-0 home defeat 
against Wimbledon 11 days ago 
while Deunis could be in trouble 
over a newspaper article detail- 
ing an incident with dub col- 
league Peter Shilton 

• Glenn Keeley, Blackburn 
Rovers's defender and captain 
who was sent off against Bir- 
mingham Cfty at St Andrews on 
December 6, has been banned 
for two matches. 

From tee to tree: European golfers gather for the Christmas awards ceremony at the Rftz 
where Jose-Maria Olazabal (centre, front), was voted runner-up (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

London Weekend, who were wekend was WyUie, whose lack 
one of the independent com- match practice was badly 
ponies who did sot transmit the exposed, 
internationals — sey en . c ?™~ Scott becomes Edinburgh’s 
panto, main ly m recognizably- scrum-half in as n£iv 

enthusiastic rugby are as, d id - ga mes and, since both Hall and 
v? 8 "?. ca ^ S Jrf Johnston have played in win- 


Lowery outstanding 

By William Stephens 

Ballesteros honoured RUGBYL ^- GUE 

public, Khngtw far they hod ning sides> ^ £ 0 i, ders aI 

to travel to watch the mat ch e s , 
which Indicated wider interest 
than just in Wales. 

ing behind the change. 

By Mitchell Platts 

The Anglos, who will find it 

Mark Lowrey, of Radley, won 
the Jim Dear Cup in the under-- 
IS section of the public schools 
singles championships at. 
Queen’s Gub, west London, 
yesterday. He beat William , 
Thorp, of Marlborough, 15-6, 

1 5-5 m the final. Lowrey was the 

FA Youth Cap 

THHCMWUNO DRAW (Matches to, be 
ptoyad on or before January 17J: Notting- 
ham Forest v Hid CBy or Evwton; 
Bradford v Ouhfem; MsnstWd Town or 
Port Vale v Oftnsby; Manchester Urtwd v 
Shrewsbury Town or Leice ste r City: 

outstanding player in the com- , 
petition, and did oof concede a 
game throughout He was too 
strong in service and return of 
serve for his opponents. 

Thorp had shown fine tem- 
perament in surviving five 
rounds, despite many dose 
scores and several games won 
from far behind. He eliminated 
Alastair Orchard, of Harrow, in 
the semi-finals by I S-8. 1 7-14. i 
Lowrey reached the final by 
beating Rupert Lawson, of 
Charterhouse, 15-6. 15-JCL 

Severiano Ballesteros yes- 
terday learned that he is the Ritz 
Club European Tour Golfer of 
the Year for 1986- Ballesteros 
was unable to be present at the 
Ritz Club, Piccadilly, but a host 
of leading golfers, including 
several of his Ryder Cup cot- 
leagues from last year's winning 
team, celebrated at a lunch 
following his nomination. 

The panel of past PGA Euro- 
pean Tour champions and mem- 
bers of die Association of Golf 
Writers bestowed on Ballesteros 
this latest accolade and bis 
Spanish compatriot, Josfe-Maria 
Olazabal, was the muwhnona 
choice as namer-op. 

Ballesteros earned £242,208 
to finish top of the Epson Order 
of Merit. He won the Carrolls 
Irish Open, the Johnnie Walker 
Monte Carlo Open, the DunhHl 
British Masters, the Peugeot 

Pfnnnnra hi P I U p ' an show three halt yj picij themselves up after 

tlOIlUUrdUlv bom programmes in January on beine thrashed bv the South of 

French Open and the KLM 
Dutch Open, and tied with 
Bernhard Langer for the Lan- 
efirne Trophy. Olazabal, who 
finished runner-up in the Order 
of Merit with £136,000, won the 
Ebel European Masters and , 
Sanyo Open in an outstanding 
’rookie' year. 

Ballesteros wins the Ritz Club i 
Charity Trophy, designed and 
donated by Waterford Crystal, 
and a complete suite of Alana 
pattern glasses. In addition, 
£2,000 is donated to the Cotf 
Foundation and a farther £2,000 
goes to the PGA European Tour 
Benevolent Trust 

Ballesteros (June, July) and 
Olazabal (September, October) 
were also twice winners of the 
monthly Ritz awards and Sandy 
Lyle (April), Howard Clark 
(May), David Feherty (August) 
and Mark McNulty (November) 

were also successful. 

for Wigan 

hekp Crashed by the South of 
- be i. Scotland, bring McKie in at lock 

- yolving Toulouse and 
(Usance), Ponsonby (New 

for the injured Gray. Mac- 
Donald reverts to No". 8 with 

By Keith Macklin 

i^traliaj, MackUn and Morrison on the 
Barbarians (Ftp), Banco Nactov flange 

Exemplary exemption 

Great Britain and Europe’s 
winning Ryder" Cup squad have 
been given a second successive 
exemption _ for the Open 
Championship at Muirfield next 
July. Alistair Low, the chairman 

of the Royal and Ancient's 
championship committee, an- 
nounced the departure from 
normal practice yesterday to 
reward the team which won the 
trophy from the United States at 
the Belfry in 1985. 

David Hill, the championship 
secretary, said: “It was decided 
to honour the Ryder Cup team 
for two Open exemptions be- 

cause of their performance in 
1985. It has never happened 
before.” The team was Seve- 
riano Ballesteros. Bernhard 
Langer, Manuel Pinero, Jose- 
Mana Caflizares, Josfi Rivero, 
Nick Faldo, Paul Way, Howard 
Clark, Ken Brown, Sam Tor- 
rance, Sandy Lyle and Ian 

Andrew’s new role 

Keith Andrew, the former 
Northamptonshire captain and 
England wicketkeeper, has been 
appointed chief executive of the 
National Cricket Association. 

Wigan have taken the 
honourable and sensible course 
of postponing their champion- 
ship game with Featherstone 
Rovers on Sunday because of 
their John Player Special Tro- 
phy semi-final against Hull on 

They could have played the 
game, and taken the risk of 
losing with a tired and injury-hit 
side, in order to allow the 
Australian captain, Wally 
Lewis, who has to serve a two- 
match suspension in this coun- 
try, to use up a game. The 
postponement means that 1 
Lewis, who arrives in this 
country next weekend, win 
make his first appearance for 
Wigan in the New Year’s Day 
game with Warrington. 

Wigan, faced with a bill of 
more than £Vim for the repair of 
crash barriers at their Central 
Park ground, have applied to 
Wigan Metropolitan Council for 
a loan of up to £50,000. This 
follows the decision of the 
council committee to cut the 
capacity of the ground. 

The Oldham captain, David 
Topliss, with 19 years in the 
professional game behind hi™, 
is expected to make a personal 
appearance at the disciplinary 
committee on December 30 
following the first dismissal of 
his career against Halifax on 

(Argentina), Constanza (Roma- 
nia) and L’Aq ila (Italy). EDOBURGH: G Ha 

Edited highlights of toe open- McAsten (Heriof s 
inggames yestwday_and today JSSSUS? 

^^^Jannary £ 

IK Mane, IMAM 

highlights of the semi-finals mi art's MetyMe FP. capakn. K Mfae. i mam 


tij e final Jto be played oa F Caldw gxafi Stewart's Maviiia 

December 23) on January 22. fpj. k Rafferty (Hanot's fpj. Rroface- 
The company will send their TO^SaataaawfWacsonansj.BBntem 
Own commentary team to the <E®*urgh Acadwacab,. 
finaL bat this weekend’s second- anglo-scOts.- s Mm. j BeaziM (both 
round Schweppes Welsh Cup ^P n 9° n Scottish), o Onawie n 

programme prevents their cover- 


Exeter (Moss* ' ‘ 

_ Unlversfty). D 

i Reid (both London 

Nevertheless, it is an initiative 
whick wiD oaU. Wn. k 

their reghm to compare directly (Oxford University). A MacfcSn (London 
dub standards from all over the h**"? ( Harro- 

worid with these they see from S 3 ** N flfcaabl Uwererty). 
one weekend to the next at home j i 

in Wales and England. 

Incidentally, the team from 
Ponsonby will probably indude 
Mark Brooke-Cowden, the 
New Zealand ihnitw 

Points may be 
(he decider 

a Th e slide rales will come out 

Clubs banned lf . Lon 5 ,on *P d ^ South emerge 

. J » a r^ <? r victonous from the final round 
CiaOn and Uauybydder have of Thorn-EMl divisional 
each been thrown ont of this championship on Saturday. 

season’s Welsh Brewers’ Cup That winning double would 
competition, and banned from allow both teams to draw level 
next year’s, ftsltwing an inquiry with the North at the top on four 
by the Welsh Districts Rugby pouts - and the championship 
Union mto violence at last would then be decided on Doints 

month’s second-round tie be- difference, 
tween the two dobs. 

— — ■ Rugby followers who have 

TnnAV>C EIVTf inee en£ * ure tedium of the 

I UUAT O * I A I Unco four divisional games so for will 







Kick off 7 JO unless stated 

Se cond tfivf ak m 

Blackburn v Bradford 

dramir. Rafth v AUoa. 

fill — IT- -»— 1 - 

' »« oraon: 

lour oiyisionai games so dr will 
be hoping the need to pile up the 
points will at last inject some 
excitement into the 

Colts squad 

Angus MacDonald, the Eng- 
land Schools stand-off half who 
has just returned to playing 
smee dislocating his shoulder 
against France last season, has 
been included in the England 
Colts squad to play divisional 
matches against London and the 
Combined Services (Akferehot, 
January II), the North (New 
Brighton, January 25), Mid- 
< Leic «ie r , February 1) 
mid South-West (Cheltenham, 
February 15). 

S2S’M2? , S Bton tftots), Bond (Dawn). 

RSnan - rjooolit cup= coher rwv i 

BMMffnON: Mkkflosax Champimstaps 

.Caiitowg National 

League: -"'Href rtivtstan: I 
Ptiates v Draper 

Stars; C a Mer d aM ExtBorare v Lacaster : 
RACKETS: PubHc Schools Owmptarv ! 

HS«n GRtfs staglDK Ant H HstttMMS 
(BwhJ.) W A OiAnfiUff (Kifilfi), 6-0. 


sodas lorbns (at Saham AMwyl. 


eta!’ ( Dorset and WiteJ. Gte- 


Kn (UmraS TwtaMc.' 

Ccxm ties,. WM»m- 

vouneer da> s. m '“ ¥ l 

this after. :nunmj **iA 


whose ourren: p:a;tng .a*.* .s 

verier fx-en w keen to 

UIC. ...... L„ 

as 2 disciplinary measL.e,.*ius 
has io happen. 

At least. Bair. bridge ?s able to 
take pleasure in FrtdCs perfor- 
mances til is season. He anu 
Dooley were sesilias into an 

effective strcond-roM pairins tn a 
pack that included the unucr- 
nued Peter Faulkner a: prop. 
Andrew Mcforlar.e at No. h, 
Mike Dixon, the former Eng- 
land unccr-13 hooker and now 
dub captain, and Doaej’s 
voungcr brother. Paul- who can 
play llankcr or No. S. 

It was disappomtinc for Fylde 
to lose to West Hartlepool 
earlier this month — their first 
defeat in the northern merit 
table and Lhe national merit 
table C — when they had fi\e 
regular players away. They rec- 
ompensed "by beating Hawick 
(admittedly themselves weak- 
ened b> district calls) (as: week- 
end and. under the direction of 
iheir new coach. Graham 
Har.key, they have caused quire 
a stir in northern club circles. 

They have also been gening 
enough ball out wide for 
Brendan Hanavan. on the wing, 
to become the leading try -scorer 
in English first-class club rugby 
and for Mike Lowihcr to win a 
place at centre in the Cumbria 
team — achievements that are 
some comfort for Bainbndge. 
who hopes to play again shortly 
after Christmas, but is far from 
confident that his injury will 
allow him to do so. 

arii-? :' : ' 

-V KIKlfc 
. *£-*’■£ 

4: • 

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, OfrAMi.- 

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<1 V- , 
: i ,T 


A year of peace — relatively speaking 

like truth, ought to be / — t mt O 

te. But Global Shm ( CHOIPF in 1987 and thereafter. already oosscsses. Julia 

lwl y*: J an** vwfenmri o* 

• Peace, like truth, ought to he 
indivisible. But Global Rem* 


prove - and. to a high degree, 
succeeds in doing so - thatDeaa 
?“• *' JwyteM*. be Split into 
four. And that does not even take 
accouni of the sub-divisions in the 
word itselC because peace has 
increasingly come to mean onlv 
the absence of global war. Accent- 
ing the film's mathematics, there 
have bew 15 wars in the woiid 
thus for this year. Global Report is 
a human survey of conflict. It 
shows how war impinges on the 
bv« of four people who are 
ordinary only in the sfnsf ?ha^ 
they are m ere tools, or victims, of 
vast strategies conceived by otfr- 
cts: an Inna in Labrador, where 
the dehcate balance between man 
and his environment, and the 
survival of an ancient culture, are 
jeopardized by low-flying fighter 

6-00 Cecrfax AML News headlines 
weather, travel and sports 


6-30 News headlines foffowad by 
The FGntstonas. Cartoon 
series, (r) 6.55 Weather. 

7 no BreaktwctTime with Frank 
Bough, Sally Magnus son, and 
Jeremy Paxman. National and 
international news at 7.00, 

7.30, 8.00 and &30; regional 
news and travel information at 
7.15, 7.45 and 8.15; weather at 
7.25, 735 and 825. 

8-40 Watchdog. 835 Regional 
news andweather S.00 News 
and weather. 

9.05 Day to Day. A topical subject 
discussed by Robert KBroy- 
SHk. a studio audience, and 
’phone-in viewers 9.45 Advice 
Shop. Margo MacDonald 
investigates community 
support for the jobless who are 
trying to avoid isolation 10.00 
News and weather 10 JH 

Neighbours^ Jr) 

1025 PWfflp Schofield with 
children's television 
» news, and 


a iitraft: and Nato plans to build a 
vast military training, centre an 
Irish batallion captain with the 
UN prace-kceping forces in south- 
ern Lebanon who tries to get the 
w ™ng factions to stop wjtirff 
each other long enough to permit 
some formers to harvest their fin 
and olives; a Belgian fighter pilot 
who argu es that only armed might 
can prevent the recourse to arms; 
and a Kampuchean grandmother, 
a refugee in Thailand, whose son- 
m-law soldier is brought b wrfc 
from across the bonier, minus his 
legs- Global Report is wise not to 
have attempted to draw up an 
eo^of-1986 progress report on 
world peace. There is, h o w e ver, uo 
wuy it can avoid having us 
profoundly pessimistic about the 
prospects for peaceful coexstence 

threatens the safety of the 
United States. Directed by Don 
Metfbrd. 335 MMm}aw 

_ Superetaifc Cartoon. 

3-50 Henry's Cat fr) 4.10 

Heathcfiffe and Co. Cartoon 
series about an atey cat 4.30 
Hartbeat Tony Han's glide to 
„ the art of making pictures. 

A55 Newsround&JDOTlwCfifldrm 
of Green Knowe. The fourth 
and final episode of the ' 
adventure based on the novel 

G4N) Six O’clock News with 
Nicholas Witchell and Phifip 
Hayton. Weather. 

635 London Plus. 

7.00 Wogan. Tonight’s guests 
include Noel Edmonds, Paul 
Nicholas, Arthur Marshall and, 
singing A Winter Story, Aied 

7-35 The Clothes Slow takes to the 
road with fashion advice for 
viewers in the Utverston, 
Cumbria, area. Iri 

tf.00 Daflas- ft's the On 

the Wisp. 

to Eleven. Geoffrey 
Wheeler with a thought for the 
day. 11 4)0 News and weather 
11JB Day Out with Angela 
Rippon in the south-east 
Cotswolds. (r> 1135 Open Air. 
Television programme makers 
meet their critics, (including 
news and weather at 12.00) 

1235 Domesday Detectives. The 
first semifinal of the team quiz 
competition on the subjects of 
Britain and the British 1255 
Regional news and weather. 

1.00 One O'clock News with 
Martyn Lewis. Weather. 1 25 
Neighbours. Greg Arnold 
causes trouble at the bank 
1.50 Little Misses. 

2.00 FBto: The November Plan 
(1975) starring Wayne Rogers 
and Diane Ladd. Thriller, set in 
the Thirties, about a young 
starlet and her actor boyfriend 
who unwtttingiy become 

embroiled in a plot that 11.50 


for the festivities. (Ceefa> 

8- 50 Pokrtsof View. Barry T ol. 

(tips Into the BBC's maifcag 
once again. 

9.00 Mne O'clock News with JuBa 
Somerville and PWHp Hayton. 
Regional news and weather. 

9- 30 The Visft. The story of Yvonne 

and Jim McNally, a married 
couple in Belfast, who are both 
victims of thalidomide. More 
than anything they wanted a 
child, and last Christmas Eve, a 
test tube baby was bom to 
Yvonne, but, sadly the baby 
boy (Bed of a heart complaint, 
unconnected with his parents' 
condition, five months later. 
The couple are now planning 
another test-tube birth. 

(Ceetax) (see Choice^ 
10120 FHncUpPompaljwl) 

„ LA 

bawdy spin-off of Mr Howard's 
successful television comedy 
series set In Pompefi in AD79.~ 
Directed by Bob KeliatL 

Julia Migenes-Johnson and Pladdo Domingo in Francesco Rosfs 
fibs version of the opera Carmen (Channel 4, 9.00pm) 

• The Visit (BBC1, 9.30pm) ends 
its current run on a note that 
threatens to be as tragic as 
anything in Global Report. But 
that is reckoning without the 
resilience of foe human spirit, and 
because this story of two ThaKdo- 
midfi victims who produce a 
short-living child is talc 
the point at which 
Desmond WDcox originally de- 
cided it should end, it hefeed to lift 
the gloomy doud under which 
Global Report bad left me an hour 
cur so earlier. This case history of 
Yvonne and Jim McNally is a 
powerful defence of the rights of 
the severely disabled to make foe 
same decisions as the rest of us. 

• Best of the rest on TV tonight: 
firancesco Ron’s film of Bust's 
Cannes (Channel 4, 9.00pm) gives 
even more sinew to the pint than it 

BBC 2 

920 Csetax. 

1230 Design and Innovation. An 
Opan University production 
examining rules aimed at 

already possesses. Julia Mjgenes- 
Johnson's Carmen is so fiery that I 
would have feared for the worst if 
foe film stock used in the camera 
had been foe old infiammaM* 

• Best on radio; Searching foe 
Ashes (Radio 4, 8.50pm) is Isabel 
Aitken’s adaptation of John and 
Ruzica While's English version of 
the prize^winmng Yugoslav radio 
montage about the nightmare of 
Auschwitz. The words used are 
those of foe exterminators and foe 
exterminated. Rarely have I heard 
murderers talk about their waric 
with such detachment. Rarely 
have I heard the murdered folk 
about their fide with such heart- 
aching sadness. To listen to 
Searching the Ashes is to know 
what apocalyptic writers mean by 
the darimess at noon 

Peter Davalle. 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


Jura. 11J0s»-1135 

Nows and wnailMr. SCOTLAND 10 l50ui- 
11 JM Ddtaman. 6JScxt»-7_00 Reporting Scott 
land NORTHERN IRELAND 5J5i«>-5Jfe5 
Today's Spot 548620 Inside User. 6JS- 
TJ» 50-11 55 New am 

Tune lO« I . . 
11-55 Ca«omral 

A UN soldier in south Lebanon: Global Report, BBC2, 9-25pm 

T2L55 Ceafax. 

220 News and weather. 

2.02 Sporti Afternoon. Ski-tog from 
Ahjsa; a review of 1 00 years of 
the Wimbledon Championship; 
and the centenary of Arsenal 
Footed) Cbjb. (Includes news 
and weather at 3.00) 

330 News, regional news and 

400 Pamela Armstrong. The 

guests this afternoon include 
antiques expert Tony Curtis, 
and Chris Barber and his Band. 

4L30 News of the Second Worid. 
Peter Francs follows the 
publication of one day's edfflon 
Of the Russian newspaper, 
Izvestia. (r) 

SjOO Domesday Detectives. A 
repeat of me i programme 
shown at 1225 on BBC 1. 

530 Cover to Cover presented by 
Jffl Nevflle. A review of the 
year's best books; aid a 
examination of the debate 

about children and books - 
should they be affowed to read 
whatever they Bke or should 
they be protected from what 
their elders deem ’unsuitable 7 

8410 FtoK Return of the GunfigMar 
(1967) starring Robert Taylor. 

A made for television western 
about Ben Wyatt an ageing 
gunflahter who is summona by 
an old friend whose land ts 
threatened by a greedy cattle 
baron. When ne arrives at the 
ranch the man and his wife are 
dead, and thek daughter has 
efisappewad. Ben sets off in 
pursuit of the Idlers. Directed 
by James Nedson. 

735 Umdof Ice and Fire. A 
documentary about 
Yetowstone National Park, the 
United States' oklest, to wtoter. 

825 Sirwtmaa on Two. A preview 
_of some of the programmes on 
BBC 2 this Christmas. 

B30 Oulof Court There is an 

examination of the case of the 
woman who took a pot-shot at 

the man who sexuaity abused 

her from the age on nkia; an 
investigation into bogus fund- 
raisers; and news of fie legal 
(fispute between a vicar and 
his bishop over a Henry Moore 

&00 M*A*S*H. A peasant gM 
produces a baby and ctatans 
that Radar Is the father, (r) 

925 Global Report 1386. The 

International Year of Peace as 
seen through the eyes of 
frfichael Smyth, an Irish captain 
with the United Nations peace- 
keeping force In the Lebanon; 
Sylvester Andrews who is 
fighting the expansion of a 
motary base in Labrador; Hans 
Vanmaete, a Belgian Air Force 
captain training for Nato; aid 
Chheing Yau, a 60-year-old 
grandmother, who tells the 
story of summer to a refugee 
camp in Thailand, (see C" !_ 

10450 NewsnigliL 11.35 


5.15 TV-aoc Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anne Diamond 
and Mfke Morris. News with 
Gordon Honeycombe at 620, 
74», 720, SJOO, 820 and 9JW; 
financial raws at 625; sport at 
6A0 and 7.40; exercises at 
&£5 and 9.17; cartoon at 7^; 
pop music at 7J55; and fibn 
reviews at 825. After Nine 
includes the winning poems of 
the political and social 
category; and health advice. 

92S Thames news headlines 
followed by C hri stm as 1 
Cartoon series &35 r 

2000. The shape off 

things to come 1&20 WBd, 
WUdWorid of Animals. 
Chkicotsague Ponies, (r) 

10L45 It's No Crush I*m tai Love. A 
young schoolgirl faHs for er 

teacher who has the looks of 
her favourite television star 
11 JO Fabulous Funnies 11.55 
Star of Bethlehem. 

12.00 The Giddy Game Show. M 
12.10 Our Backyard 122b 
Spin-Offs. Tim Brooke-Taylor 

1JN) News at One with I 

Parkin 120 Thames news 120 
A Country Practice. Drama 

serial set in a small Australian 
outback town 

220 On the Market Christmas 
SpetiaL Susan Brookes has 
advice on traditional Christmas 
fare; Sarah Brown with 
alternative menus for 
vegetarians. 34)0 Take the 
High Road. The final episode 
of the present series 325 
Thames news headlines 320 
Sons and Daughters. 

4410 Thomas the Tank Engine and 
Friends, narrated by Ringo 
Starr 4.10 The Telebugs 420 
S.WJLLLO.W. David Belamy 
finds some custom-butt 
miniature houses. Last m the 
series. 440 Razzmatazz 
Ctntafmas Special. The guests 
include 1NXS, Housemarflns, 
and Feargal Sharkey - 

5.15 Biockbu^ms^GeneraJ 

knowledge quiz game for 
teenagers, presented by Bob 
Ho! ness. 

SAS News with John Suchet 6X0 
Thames news. 

625 Help! Viv Taylor Gee with news 
of a leaflet with advice on the 
vaccine to prevent Hepatitis B. 

625 Crossroads. Daniel is flattered 
when he discovers he is under 

74H) This Is Your Ufa. Eamonn 
Andrews emotionally floors 
another unsuspecting worthy. 

720 Coronation Street The new 
Hopscotch designs are given a 
test run in the factory. (Oracle) 

84H) Strike It Lucky. Michael 
Barrymore presents this quiz 
which uses up-to-date 

820 The Benny HB Show. A 
compilation of sketches and 
songs from the comedian's 
earlier series' With Henry 
McGee, Bob Todd, Jack 
Wright and Jenny Lee-Wright 

9.00 Apartheid. Part three of the 
four-programme documentary 
tracing tne history of apartheid 
examines the granting of 
'independence' to the 
'homeJands 1 where 70 per cent 
of the South African population 
were herded into 13 per cent of 
the (and, thereby depriving the 
blacks of South African 
citizenship. Part four is after 
the news. 

104)0 News at Ten with Alastair 
Burnet and Alasteir Stewart 
Weather followed by Thames 
news headlines. 

1020 Apartheid. This fourth and 
final part examines the 
gestures made by the South 
African government after 
Prime Minister Botha stated in 
1 978 that the country must 
adapt or (tie and that apartheid 
could not be enforced as 

1120 Film: Savages (1974) starring 
Andy Griffiths, Sam Bottoms, 
and Noah Beery. A made-for- 
televislon drama about a 
hunting expedition in the 
. . desert that toms intoe 
nightmare. Directed by Lee H 

1255 Night Thoughts. 

This Christmas the 
£ NSPCC will be helping 
many frightened, desper- 
ate children who are the 
victims of neglect. 

^15.48 can protect one 
of them for two weeks. 

If you can send us that 
sum, using the coupon 
below we know of plenty 
of children who, for 
the first time in their 
lives would like to say 
‘Thanks, Santa.’ 

For this lonely, neglected little boy 
Father Christmas exists. 

If you ve got £1548 t0 spare, it’s you, 

r~i nmtfct a child and enclose my cheque or postal order. £ — — 

i aL^v^i^ • m96Q ^ 9188D 

| Na 1111 IJjX JjJXIIIIj Expity date - 






rv A krf.nwrsSPCC, FREEPOST. Loadon EC1B IQQ. I 

| Pk»t tend vuur dnmn on » Dr. A. Pil nwiie 


Soath Africa's State President, P W Botha: he swears in tonight's 
instalment of Apartheid (JTV, 94N)pin and J 030pm) 


2.15 Their Lordships 1 House, (r) 

220 Fftn: Invasion" (1968) starring 
Edward Judd and Valerie 
Gearon. Science fiction thriller 
about two hospital doctors 
who discover that one of their 
patients is an extra-terrestrial 
murderer on the run. Directed 
by Man Bridges. 

4J00 Mavis on 4. In the last of her 
series, Predicaments. Mavis 
Nicholson explores the subject 
of loneliness. 

420 Countdo w n. The first semifinal, 
and the number one seed, 
Harvey Freeman, meets Les 
Martm, seeded number five. 

5.00 SSents Please* A condensed 
version of The Sea Beast the 
first film version of Herman 
Melville's Moby Dick, starring 
John Barrymore and Dolores 

520 Hogan's Heroes. Vintage 
American comedy series 
starring Bob Crane as the 
leader of a resourceful group 
of Allied prisoners-of-war. 

64M) The Abbott and Costeflo 
Show* Lou becomes an 
insomniac and there is nothing 
anybody can do to relieve the 
sleeplessness. In desperation 
Lou is admitted to a rest home 
for old actors. 

620 In Thme of War 1939-45. This 
final programme of the current 
series featives two films made 
in 1 944 - Post War Jobs and 
Racial Problems - and includes 
dips from the propaganda film. 
The Negro Soldier, made by 
the U.S. government for black 
audiences. (Oracle) 

720 Channel 4 News with Peter 
Sissons and Beatrice Holder. 

720 Comment from Queenie 
Fletcher, mother of WPC 
Yvonne Fletcher. Weather.’ 

84)0 Looking Into Paintings. 

Norbert Lyndon examines three 
different i n terpretations of the 
Nativity in the National Gallery - 
by Bomceffi. Piero dal la 
. Francesca, and Remb randt (rt 

820 The New Eitik^tteranenL This 
final p ro gram m e of Professor 
KenriettiMnogue's series 
attacks the sumise that the 
Third Worid te poor because of 
exploitation by the world’s 
richer countries. 

9.00 Fare Cannen (1984) starring 
Julia Migenes-Johnson and 
Piaddo Domingo. Bizets 
celebrated opera made on 
location fo Andalucfa, with 
Migenes-Johnson in the title 
role, Domingo as Don Joss, 
Ruggero Ramondo as his 

rivte, EscamUo, and Fahh 
Esham as Micaeia, Don Jose's 
faithful sweetheart A 
French/ltafian film with English 
subtitles. Directed by 
Francesco Rosi 

11.45 Fteu The GuBty Party* (1962) 
starring Zdna Marshall and 
Anthony Jacobs. Edward 
Sindak fives a life of luxury 
with his wife but he is heavily in 
ctebL Directed by Lionel Harris. ■ 
1220 Their Lordships* House. 

Hig hfigh ts of the day's debates 
in me muse of Lords. Ends at 

» of the Nwd 11 JS- 
... HiJ0M>g8a 
r 6L00-63S About An* 

IThe Nbw Fantastic Four 
r and Maria 1U0-11.55 Pwapeo* 


I At Home With _ KK 
. _ IBWS 1304X0 TIM 

Young Doctors SXMX UAarauM Wadnas- 
day 11 JO Chons Line IZilO Wosthar, 


JoMinderSJS Everyday China 1CL00 
Snon S»y Theatm Coptaiiim Paleswi ft 
PSnark Snow 1U0-lliM Joan Baez at 
Notre Dame IZJOpw-UXI Sorwthtng to Tlw. 
sure 1 JO Centra News 1-3OA30 Arftur 
Haioy'a Hotel &00CnHsn»d8&S-7jacen- 
trel mws HJO ram: vanishing Pom* 
j«7h1J5Bn» Central JoWhoer 115 


«L30 The Posatdon Fites 11^ Autxay 

11 JO-1Z00 Captain Scarlet and the 
Harms The Sudvans 

1J9 Channel News and umather 1 JO Short 

i 12J0wo-1 JO Gardening TvtmI JO HTV 
s 1J0-2J0Randag& Hapkirk (De- 
ad BJ0-GL35HTV News 11J0 Crazy Lto 

3J0-4J0 The Young Doctors 5.12-5.15 

Puffin's Ptafflce EJ^SJS Channel Report 

losowed by Link Up ii JO BUss in Concert 

T2J0em Weather, dose. 

GRAMPIAN As London except 

unnmriwii a yj im^ nnrM« y» iqqq 
PimceChanes* The Pride Factor lOSb 
The Smurfs 11 J0-12J0 Hamna Baihera Ant- 

mated Special i2J0pm-i,O0 Thais HoBy- 

wood rS-1 J0 Nonh News EJO-BJS North 
Tonight 11 J 0 CaMomia HoUdays 12L00 
Noftfi Headlines and weather lZ05am C3osa. 

GRANADA ctvtet- 

mas 1020 European F* Tates 10J5 
Granada Reports followed by Struggle Be-, 
neath the Sea TL '- . ranuda Reports foL 

lowed by The Jacksons 11 JS Connections 

11.5S-12.eo Grenada Reports 12J0-UQ 

The Prizewinners 1 JO Gnroda Repons 1 JO 
Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased) Z2S- 

2J0 Grwiads Reports 3J5 Gretada Reports 
SJO The Young Doctors too Granada 
Reports 8J5-&30 Has Is Your Right 1133 
The Yelow Rosa 12J0MB CtosaT 


A Christmas Carol 11 3-12J0 Ttw Jack- 
sons 12 . 


ceased BJQ-GJ5 HTV News 1 
a Fox UJOam weather, dose. 

toy, wales aaaga 

Wafas at Six. 


W Rider 11 J5 Victor and Maria 

1135 Rrebafl XL5 lZJ0pn»-l.;l Qar- 

ttonbig Time UO Scottish News 1 JO Live 

at One-Thaiy 200-230 Look Who's TaHdna 

3J0 A Couitry Practice 155-400 Soriay 
Mactear at 756M*35 Scodand Today 1120 
U» Cal 11 J5 Huiter 1Z30wn Ctooa. 

TSW As London except 935em Front 
Una Evangaksta tftOS Short Story 
Theatre TOJO Ksnguto 11JO-11 JB& Man 
te a Suitcase 12Jflpm-i J® Gardens for Al 
2J0 Home Cookery Oufa S.15 Gus 
Honeytxn's Magic Bkthdays 5J0445 
• Crossroads 6JW Today South west SJOTJO 
Emmordato Farm 11 JO Murder. She 
Wrote 1235am Ponsatpi 12JO Weather, 

TVC As London except 935 Sesame 

street 10l3O Poseidon Hu 11 JS Au- 
brey 11 JO-1240 Captain Scadet end the 
My&lerwa The Sdkvans 1-20 TV 
News 1 JO Short Sexy Theetre 2J0-2J0 
FYobtem Page 3JS-4J0 IVS News totow o d 
by The Young Doctors &II04J5 Coast to 
uast 11 JO Stisste Concert 12i)0ir Search 
of the Real Dractda 1230am Company. 


TYNE TEES AsLonctonexcept: 
i rise 1 a36 sesame Street 

1QJ0-1135 Fim: Island of Adventure 
IZJQpw-1 JO Everyday Chhn IJOf 
News 1^-1 JO Where the Jobs Are __ 

635 Northern Ufa 11 J0 Face Values 11.45 
Comedy Tornght 12.15m On the Edge 
12.25 dose. 

1045 Worid of Stories 11 JO-1135 Other 
Worid 12JOpm-UO Something to Treasure 
1 JD-1 JO Lunchtime 3J0 WM.W»d. 

Worid of Animate X5B UMer News &0 Good 
Evening Uteter 11 JO Holywood Special - 
Bogart iZ 2 S 0 m News. 


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fast pnt>5siiedjgj785 


Telford v Leeds 
moved to 
West Bromwich 

The Football Association 
has found a time, a date, and a 
place suitable for the game 
that nobody, bar Telford 
United, wanted tc stage. Their 
FA Cup third round tie with 
Leeds United - and their 
notorious followers — will 
start at noon on Sunday, 
January 1 1, at the Hawthorns, 
West Bromwich Albion's 

West Bromwhich are reluc- 
tant. So much so that, having 
initially rejected the approach, 
they agreed yesterday to act as 
hosts only because they were 
“instructed” to do so by the 
FA. Their reaction is under- 
standable. After their second 
division fixture against Leeds 
at the Hawthorns 10 days ago, 
a storage hut was set on fire. 

The incident has been in- 
vestigated by the FA. The 
secretary, Ted Croker, said 
yesterday that there is “no 
evidence to prove that it was 
the Leeds supporters who did 
it, although circumstantial ev- 
idence suggests that they did. 
It took place in an area where 
they were leaving the ground.” 

Ben Miliichip. the chair- 
man of the FA. was not 
involved in the negotiations, 
si nee he is also the president of 
West Bromwich. “He declared 
an interest and therefore had 
to remain neutral” Croker 
said, “although he was kept 
fully informed about the 
situation.” So was Sid Lucas, 
the West Bromwich chairman. 

“We would like to have 
helped,” he had announced 
earlier in the day, “but what 
would the public have said if 
our ground was torn to pieces? 
It is excellent for segregation 
and we have been talking for 
three or four days, but we bad 
to say no in the interests of our 
supporters and the people who 
live nearby.” 

Within a few hours his 
opinion had forcibly been 
altered. “He made it very clear 
that they would rather not 
have the game,” Croker 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

admitted, “but he adcnawl- not been the victims of the 

edged that the FA has the right 
to make the decision. With the 
blessing of the West Midlands 
police, he was happy to 

Clubs cleared 

Darlington and Middles- 
brough have escaped punish- 
ment for the fight on the pitch 
between rival supporters dar- 
ing tbeir third division game at 
Feethams on November 8. 
Seventy people were arrested 
and six taken to hospital. 
Neither dob conld be held 
responsible for the incident, an 
FA commission has decided. 

“If we could have found an 
alternative, we would cer- 
tainly have respected their 
wishes, which we fully under- 
stand. It was a last resort, as 
far as that particular vicinity 
was concerned. We could have 
looked elsewhere, but we 
wanted, above all, to find a 
ground that was convenient 
for Telford. 

“It offers easy access be- 
cause it is motorway all the 
way from Telford to the 
stadium, and it is an area 
where there is a police force 
that is capable of handling big 
matches. We found ourselves, 
as we do Quite often these 
days, in a situation where we 
couldn't win.” 

Telford, the giant-killers 
from the GM VauxhaH Con- 
ference, were drawn as the 
hosts but after the local police 
had expressed fears about the 
safety of the public, they 
decided they had no choice 
but to concede a home advan- 
tage. The FA was asked to 
provide an alternative venue. 
It was no easy task. 

No dub in the West Mid- 
lands was willing to accom- 
modate the followers of Leeds, 
the lepers of the modem game. 
Even Stoke City, who have 

hooligans from Elland Road, 
refused the offer. A chib 
spokesman confirmed that 
they had turned it down “after 
consultations with the local 

So did Birmingham City, 
for more obvious reasons. 
Their officials remember all 
too painfully the tragic con- 
sequences of the appalling 
riots that occurred before, 
daring, and after their game 
against Leeds at St Andrews 
last May. A youth was killed 
when a wail collapsed on top 
of him. 

Short of staging the poten- 
tially troublesome game on 
some distant island at dawn, 
the FA is convinced that it has 
found the best solution, even 
though it accepts that h is not 
ideaL Even Telford's officials, 
though justifiably dis- 
appointed to be forced out of 
their own home, have gra- 
ciously accepted the decision. 

Mike Ferriday, the sec- 
retary, said: “It is one of our 
first choices so we are quite 
ba^jy to go there As it is only 
half an hour away, we can be 
sure of a big following from 
our regular supporters. The 
neutrals in the crowd will be 
our neighbours, so we can 
expect strong support 

“We spoke to West Brom as 
soon as the draw was made, 
before all this started. Our 
average attendance is between 
1,500 and 1,600, and in view 
of the interest that has been 
aroused, albeit for unfortunate 
reasons, I would imagine the 
crowd will be many thousands 
more than that. 

“Although we would obvi- 
ously have preferred to stay at 
our own Bucks Head ground, 
the Hawthorns is as good as 
home four us, and tor the 
players, because none of them 
is local anyway. It is in the 
West Midlands, and, if we had 
to go anywhere, that is where 
we wanted-” 

Scotland to play in Belgium 

Brussels (AP) — A Belgian 
cabinet minister said yes- 
terday Scotland would be 
allowed to play an inter- 
national match against Bel- 
gium here next April, 
effectively ending part of the 
Belgian ban on British pro- 
fessional teams. 

The ban was issued in the 
wake of the riot on May 29 last 
year at the European Cup final 
between Juventus and Liver- 
pool at the Heysel stadium, 
which left 39 people dead. 
Hooligans from the English 
club were widely blamed. 

“I think this Wade page in 
our sporting and social life is 
now hopefully and definitely 
behind us,” Herman De Croo, 
the minister of foreign trade 
said after a meeting with the 
Belgian Olympic committee. 
“From my knowledge, the 
game will take place in Bel- 
gium and probably in 
Brussels,” he said. He added it 
was still doubtful whether the 
55,000-capacity Heysel sta- 
dium could be the site. 

Since the riot the stadium 
has become a symbol for the 
outrages of hooliganism. The 

Belgian national iftnn has 
played several games there 
since the riots. “The Heysel 
still has to be renovated but 
that belongs to the authority of 
the intenor ministry,” De 
Croo said. 

English clubs are stOl 
banned from European com- 
petitions because of the 
Heysel tragedy. Apart from 
Scotland, the Belgian 
govemement had also banned 
professional teams from Eng- 
land, Wales and Northern 
Ireland from its territory. 

Dismissals Singleton moves on 

■**..« i» 05,000 deal 

John Deacon, die Ports- 
mouth ghumauHL, has con- 
firmed that no action mil be 
taken by tike dub against three 
players sent off in Saturday's 
match against Sheffield 

Deacon said he was now 
waiting for the report from 
Suffolk referee Kelvin Morton 
before making any further 
comment Deacon said: “I 
shall be speaking to Aian Ball 
our manager, when we have 
seen what the referee has to 
say and act accordingly. Until 
then we cannot do anything.” 

Billy Gilbert, Mkk Tail and 
Kevin Dillon were sent off 
along with United's Peter 
Beagne in the first half. The 
Portsmouth trio will miss the 
second division match against 
Shrewsbeoy at Fratton P hit 
on December 29. 

• Christinas came early for 
Stoke City’s players yesterday 
when they started a four- day 
break. Mick Mills, the man- 
ager, has told them to finish 
their Christinas shopping and 
do any drinking and party- 
have in mind. 



Martin Singleton, the B 
ford City midfield player, 
yesterday transferred to West 
Bromwich Albion for £35,000. 
Singleton, aged 23, who joined 
Bradford from Coventry City 
almost two years ago for 
£15,000, completed signing 
formalities at The Hawthorns 
after talks with Ron Saunders, 
the West Bromwich manager. 

• York City and Bristol City 
have agreed a fee of £25,000 
for the transfer of Dale 
Ban ton, the York forward. 
Ban ton, who will visit Ashton 
Gate today for a medical and 
to discuss personal terms with 
Terry Cooper, the Bristol 
manager, joined York from 
Aldershot for a dub record 
£50,000 in November 1984. 

• Doncaster Rovers have 
agreed a fee for the Irish 
League's top goalscorer 
Tommy Gaynor, of limerick, 
following the sale of Neil 
Woods to Gla^pw Rangers. 
Doncaster received about 
£120,000 for Woods and have 
been given the pick of several 
Rangers’ players, who they 
may also take in part 

Dave Cusack, the Don- 
caster manager, has already 
had talks with Colin Miller, 
aged 22, a member of the 
Canadian World Cup squad in 
Mexico, and is hoping to sign 
both players in tune for 
Sunday's home third division 
game against Swindon Town. 

• Chelsea are ready to pay 
£25,000 for John Coady, the 
Shamrock Rovers and Repub- 
licoffre^JK i d efender. Coady, 

John Hollins, and Ken Bates, 
the chairman, this week and 
could face Tottenham 
Hotspur on Saturday. 

• Kevan Smith, Coventry 
City's £60,000 signing from 
Rotherham United, has been 
ruled out for three weeks with 
a cracked shinbone. He was 
injured playing against Aston, 
Villa Reserves on Monday 
night and X-rays yesterday 
revealed the damage. The 
Coventry captain Brian 
Kifctine, making his come- 
back after a hamstring injury, 
also received a set-bad: in the 
same match when he strained 
a groin. 


Frenchman’s heroic record 

The strain of pushing a 60ft 
boat to the limit for 28 days 
still showed on the lace of 
Titouan Lamazon yes- 
terday -72 hours after die 
Frenchman had dipped an 
astounding seven days off the 
record for the 6^00-mBe dash 
through the ice-strewn Roar- 
ing Forties from Cape Town 
to Sydney on the final leg of 
the second stage of the BOC 
single-handed round-the- 
world race. 

“There were times when l 
was very frightened,” 
Lamazou. aged 3!, a marine 
artist, admitted. “So often, the 
boat seemed to run vertically 
down the waves, and I thought 
she would pitch-pole (flip end- 

“The water then boiled up 

From Barry PkkthalL, Sydney 

knocked ns right over” he 

As the Frenchman struggled 
to release the sails and get the 
boat back up on her feet, the 
ggnoa snagged “I was freed 
with either running forward to 
release sail or stay at the 
wheel” he continued. 

“Ether way, 1 was in great 
danger because the boat had 
now stopped dead in the 
water. In rough seas like that, 
you must go fest to be safe. 
Once you are dead in the 
water, then you are at the 
men? of the next wave. I tried 
to set staysail but was too late 
and the boat rolled right 

For a minute or more, she 
just twitched — like a boxer, 
out cold — before finally 

worse, with loose items of gear 
scattered throughout the 
length of the boat. But that 
was of no immediate con- 
sequence, and he just strug- 
gled to hoist the sail and get 
the boat moving again before 
the next wave struck. 

Philippe Jeantot, winner of 
the first BOC race four yean 
ago, crossed the Sydney finish 
tine five and a half hours after 
Lamazou to take the overall 
lead in the 27,000-mile race. 

He was full of praise for 
Lamazou. “He stole a 100- 
mile lead during the first 
stormy night at sea, and we 
were never able to catch him 
after that" 

Now, holdings three-and-a- 
half-day lead over Lamazou at 
the halfway stage. Jeantot is 

over the deck, obliterating all overcoming the weight of the not prepared to lake all foe 
at But, some- water in her sails and stagger- risks. “I want to win the mg 

While Fairy Footsteps fetched 720,000 gpineas at the Newmarket sales, Ftockton Grey made a mere 680 guineas yesterday 

A legacy 
of that 

By a Correspondent 

Ftockton Grey — the horse 
that cost the bookmakers 
thousands of pounds in a 
betting swindle — may finally 
race again, after four years. 

The grey gelding was sold 
for 680 guineas yesterday to 
Wefoerby stable owner, Robin 
Bastiraan, acting on behalf of a 
client- He will be considering 
raring the horse next year 
when he plans to re-apply to 
the Jockey Club for a trainees 

His latest purchase fait the 
headlines when it was replaced 
by a ring er, the year (rider 
Good Hand, in a betting coop 
at Leicester finer years ago. 

Good Hand romped home 
20 lengths ahead of his nearest 
rival, netting foe mat behind 
the coup £36^000, while 
Ftockton Grey was in a field 
more than 100 miles away in 
North Yorkshire. 

Ptriice on Hnaberade later 
seized both hones as evidence 
is the case that was to run fin- 
five weeks at York Crown 

Proof font a ringer had been 
ran in Ftockton Grey’s place 
came straight from die hose’s 
month with a pktnre showing 
the winning horse ‘smiting’ in 
the winner’s enriosme. 

Horse experts straight away 
spotted foe winner of the race, 
for two-year-old maidens, had 
the teeth trf a three- year-old. 
The millionaire business- 
aa 46-year-old Kenneth 
Richardson, who arranged the 
swindle from Ms borne in 
Driffield, North Humberside, 
was given a suspended jaB 
sentence and left with foies 
and costs totalling more than 
£ 100 , 000 . 

Yesterday, Flocktim (key 
went wmwined in foe auction 
Rnfforth Park near 
Wetberby, listed in tire cat- 
alogues as just “lot 17, grey 

in was last night 

of the 

game in 

By John Good body 

Bobby Robson and MB* 
Catting had better be™, * 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher 

copies foe “ e Priffle 

Minister of India. 

RaHv Gandhi yesterday 
banned Indian athletes from 
participating in a» 
national games, except cricket 
in which India hold the w orM 
Cup (and which they happen 
to be staging, with Pakistan, 
next year), because of the 
country's poor performances 
in September’s Asian Games 
in Seoul. 

He immediately ordered a 
review of all Imfials sporting 
performances in Seoul where 
foe 400 -member contingent 
woo raly three gold medals, 
one in weightlifting and the 
other two through 

Thekeparampil Usha. foe 
c o untry 's most celebrated ath- 
lete, In foe women's 100 
metres and 400 metres 

India, with a distinguished 
sporting pedigree, ranked only 

fifth in foe medal (able which 
was led by China with 80 gold 


The biggest disasters occ- 
urred h badminton, wrestfing 
and hockey, aO sports at which 
India traditionally excel In 
hockey, where tiie country was 
once supreme, India won only 
the bronze medal They then 
finished 22fo and last in foe 
World Cup in London in 

The Indian Prime Minister 
knows about sporting ex- 
cellence. He went to Trinity 
College, Cambridge, whose 
celebrated Great Court Ran 
inspired Harold Abrahams 
and Lord Burghley, both 
Olympic champions, daring 
their undergraduate days and 
was adapted for foe film 
Chariots of Fire. 

'• Gina that tackgreond, it is 
little wonder that be has acted 
as he has done. Confirming the 
news, Vidya Shnkla, the presi- 
dent of foe Indian Olympic 
Association, said Gandhi's or- 
der had been sent to foe 

sight of the boat, 
how, she always came back 
out again.” 

Lamazou did not escape 
totally unscathed, however. 
Two knock-downs left both 
him and his boat badly bat- 
tered. “It was while the boat 
was being steered under auto- 
pilot that she broached badly, 
and foe next wave just 

ing back on her feet. 

lamazou somehow held on, 
but he was then freed with a 
spaghetti of ropes strewn 
across the deck and two 
broken spinnaker poles, the 
remains of one being washed 
overboard, along with two 

Below, the scene was even 

one, the overall prize,” he 
continued. “If that means 
finishing second everywhere, 
that’s OK — so long as I win in 
the end. 

However, with another 
14,000 miles to cover to the 
finish line at Newport, Rhode 
Island, Jeantot knows that 
almost anything can happen 


co us ide ring sugg e s tio n s to re- 
name the grey at bis stables at 
L-yutou, near Wether by. 
Favourite with him at foe 
moment is GobHedegook. 

Mere raring, page 34 

Extra day sends up 
profits at Henley 

By Richard Brandi 

The extra day at the Henley land, amounted to £1,125,000 

and the regatta feces further 

Regatta netted a profit of 
£40,000, it was revealed at the 
Henley Stewards annual meet- 
ing in London yesterday. It 
also relieved the pressure on 
foe raring programme. 

With no space for further 
-expansion, foe popularity of 
the regatta has readied satura- 
tion point There is now a 
limit of 5,000 members of the 
Stewards Enclosure, and a 
•waiting list of over 500. 

Peter Com, foe Henley 
chairman’s report estimated 
that 100,000 spectators used 
the reg a t ta enclosures and 
another 25,000 visited the 
hospitality enclosures or river 

The cost of the new head- 
quarters, opened by The 
Queen last April, including the 

Temple Island, near the start 
of foe course. The regatta's 
offer for foe island has been 
accepted, subject to contract, 
but the sum has not been 
revealed. Mr Coni suggested 
that the resultant borrowing 
should be cleared by foe eariy 
1990’s. The 1986 regatta pro- 
duced a surplus, of £294,000, 

According to Mr Com, the 
regatta only frees one serious 
problem; noise. “Umpires had 
problems with foe noise from 
bands on pleasure craft, pre- 
venting them starting races 
and spoiled foe pleasure of 
those watching from foe 


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McNamara is 
surprise choice 

Melbourne (Reuter) — Pe- 
ter McNamara, aged 31, was 
yesterday unexpectedly cho- 
sen to play for Australia in the 
Davis Cup final against Swe- 
den starting on December 26. 

McNamara joins Pal Cash, 
John Fitzgerald and Paul 
McNamee, taking the place of 
Wally Masur. 

“I believe Peter can reach 
greater heights than anyone 
else ” Neale Fraser, the non- 
playing captain, said. Mc- 
Namara, a former Wimbledon 
doubles champion with Mc- 
Namee, said: “I think I knew I 
had a chance. The final place 
was up for grabs and I took it.” 

McNamara, who has suf- 
fered from a knee injury since 
1983, played in foe first round 
of for competition against 
New Zealand at the beginning 
of foe year, winning both 


Out of the 

r unning 

A tour of New Zealand and 
Australia by an England 
uoder~23 athletics team early 
in tire new year has been 
cancelled for lade of a sponsor. 

The trip had been planned 
as part of the Amateur Ath- 
letic Association’s long-term 
p rep a ration for foe 1990 
Commonwealth Games in 
Auckland. But Doug Good- 
man, chairman of the England 
selectors, said yesterday: “Our 
hosts were unable to raise the* 
necessary sponsorship for us 
to undertake foe trip so we 
have had to cancel it”. 

McLeod’s task 

Mike McLeod, the 10,000 
metres silver medal winner at 
foe Los Angeles Olympics, 
wifi be going for his thirteenth 
successive victory in foe 
Saltwefl road race in New- 
castle, on Sunday, this time, 
however, he faces the chal- 
lenge of Steve Cram, who beat 
him recently in another local 
race, and last weekend fin- 
ished third in the north-east 
cross-country championships. 

Moray: tough schedule 

Races on 

Belgrade (Reuter) — The 
men’s World Cup giant slalom 
and slalom skiing races win 
take place in Kran jska Gora as 
scheduled on Friday and Sat- 
urday. Organizing committee 
officials said a recent heavy 
snowfall, combined with a 
layer of artificial snow, would 
enable both races to take 

On the bounce 

Phil Cartwright, Rochdale 
Hornet’s £20,000 transfer- 
listed winger, is returning to 
foe second division Rugby 
League dub after a month's 
loan with Wakefield. 

Winning form 

Vvnmu> Mnmrv k srwtitp w 

Yvonne Murray's appetite 
for competition wm be further 
whetted by two major races 
before the end of the month. 
On Sunday foe 22-year-old 
Mussdbuigfa secretary leads 
the Scottish women’s cross- 
country team In the five- 
nations international at 
Cardiffi and will follow that 
up with an 8,000 metres road 
race in Zurich six days later. 

China won foe men’s and 
women’s tingles titles yes- 
terday at the second Euro-Asia 
table tennis tournament in 
Tokyo. Chen Longcanbeat his 
compatriot, Jiang Jiahng. foe 
men’s world champion. 21-13, 
20-22, 22-20, 2M4, while Dai 
Liii also beat a team-mate. 
Jiao Zhimiii, 2l-l&?2L%KW- 
16 to take the women's title. 


England hope 
Ali can learn 
from his debut 

Tony Ah. foe schoolboy 
from London who was placed 
second in this year’s British 
senior highboard champion- 
ship, competes for England for 
the first time in the Golden 
Cup international tournament 
at Strasbourg, on January 23 
to25 (Roy Moor writes). 

Only his youth prevented 
Ali, aged 14, from being 
chosen for foe Common- 
wealth Games in Edinburgh. 
The selectors felt it unwise to 
rush him into the intense 
competition there, but they 
regard Strasbourg as an ideal 

launch- pad 

The highly-rated Chinese 
team, whose perfectionist ap- 
proach is expected to teach Ali 
a great deal will be at Stras- 
bourg. Tlrey also begin a week 

of coaching and exhibitions 
around England at Hatfield on 
January 12,- followed by visits 
to Barnet CopthaU, Chelten- 
ham, Plymouth and Derby. 

The England team for Stras- 
bourg Is completed by Jeffrey 
Arbour, Jason Statham, Ali- 
son Childs, Caroline Roscoe 
and Naomi Bishop. 


Alliot chosen 
by new team 

Philippe Alliot, the French 
aang-drrver, has joined the 
newly-created Lola LC team 
and will drive their For mula 
One car in next year’s grand 

The 32-year-old replaced 
his compatriot, Jacques Laf- 
fite, at Ugier Inst season after 
the latter was injured in tire 
British Grand Pm. 

The car is being designed 
and built by Eric Broadtey and 
Ralph Bellamy, of Britain’s 
unrelated Lola company. In a 
period when turbos are being 
phased wit, it will be powered 
by a conventional engine, the 
neW British 3.5-Utre Cosworth 
DFZ, and will probably ma ke 
its debut at the San Marino 
Grand Prix at Imola on May 
3, .1987. The team hope to 
produce a second car and 
engage another driver 

Gandhi: shocked by Seoul 

Ministry of Sports. “The Min- 
istry is reviewing the entire 
policy of sending teams abroad 
and for the time being no team 
is going out,” be said. 

Sbakto said the order might 
be the reason why Delhi 
recently refined to let the 
wre s t ling team visit India's 
great rivals, Pakistan, and 
also banned a table tennis 
team from participating in an 
international tournament. The 
government's clearance fr nec- 
to get a foreign cur- 
rency permit. India is host to 
the world table tennis 
championships in Delhi in 

This is not foe first time that 
the Prime Minister has acted 
in international sport. In Jnly, 
India was one of foe first 
nations to join the boycott of 
the Commonwealth Games. 

fife new decision most pat 
particular pressure on the 
Indian cricket team which 
today begins a three-Test se- 
nes a gainst Sri The 

pitch at Kanpur raises 
of an exciting 
according to local 


RhpO Dev, captain of India 
and one of the few sporting 
heroes to have survived the 
Prime Minister’s criticism, is 

hopdnl of victory to follow foe 

drawn series against Australia 
two months ago. ’“We have a 

good, sporting wicket after a 
kmghme,” be said. 

us hope the Prime 
Mimsto will be jnst as sport- 
ing u the hardy mentiombfe 

event of a defeat for India. 


Elliott secures 
fine victory 

_ . EUioa polled off a 

fine wm on foe opening day of 

™ ftafe ra Kuala Lumper 
y«tenlay when she demol- 

rhSL- are Swedish No 1 , 
Christine Magnasson. ii-L 

The England No 2 , who was 
m top form while retaining her 
Wfteh Open titte in Cardiff 
Erne days ago, was again in 
rtHhfesS lBOOd in ift moana of 
he* Ugandan-horn opponent 
who reached the world 
championship quarter-finals 


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