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No 62,647 

Kinnock urged 
to soft-pedal 
over defence 


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By Philip Webster and Nicholas Wood 

. Mr Neil Kinnock is under wiih a Labour lead of 3.5 per the 
i ncreasi ng pressure from some cent in November. cai 

or his most senior colleagues They are certain that the W< 
10 . , l . one down further his most unpopular clement of 1 
public commitments to re- the policy is the proposal to Mi 
move American nuclear bases remove all American nuclear pla 
trorn ” nIa,n - weapons from Britain. the 

Anxiety about the electoral On December 10. Mr cor 
consequences of current pol- Kinnock declined to give a the 

the election as more far left 
candidates take their places at 

Yesterday, sources close to 
Mr Kinnock were at pains to 
play down the significance of 
the poll, insisting that Gallup 

icy will be voiced at a meeting timetable for the removal of 
or the Shadow Cabinet on nuclear bases and said the 

January 7, which was orig- 
inally called by the Labour 
leader to rally his party and to 
prepare it for a general elec- 
tion as early as May 7. 

It was planned in October 
when the party's fortunes were 
much brigbier. but will now be 
held in the wake of a big slump 
in the electoral standing of Mr 
Kinnock and the party. 

Moderate shadow ministers 
are to urge the Labour leader 
to switch the party’s campaign 
offensive to social and eco- 
nomic policies and to leave 
defence as far as possible in 
the background. 

Shadow ministers believe 
there is not the slightest 
chance that the party itself, 
through its policy forming 
machinery, will change the 
unilateralist defence policy be- 
fore the election. 

But they believe that the 
policy was the biggest factor in 
Saturday’s Gallup poll which 
gave the Tories an 8.5 per cent 
lead over Labour compared 


The gold 
seam ... 

uie poii, insisung mat uauup t 
consistently underestimates 
the strength of support for 

nnwee «..<>, .in u* ><v A shadow minister sard 

prams would be subject to yesterday: “One poll should 

divSsionV 3nd lhorou8h not be enough for us to think 

Hi, criiics in the Shadow wan, him to suggest Cfbo^ card, tte 

. . „ , . Kinnock sources said they had 

Michael Heseltwe on anticipated a slide in the polls 
deterrents and the as a result of the leader 
CND Page 12 deliberately drawing attention 

11 ■■■ to an area of relative 

that the removal will not only weakness, 
be “discussed” but But, they claimed, there had 
“negotiated”. been gains. The public now 

They calculate this would be had a far clearer understand- 
a clear sign tp the electorate ing of and respect for the 
that the Americans would not party’s stance, in particular its 
be forced to lake their weap* commitment to Nalo and 
ons and bases away. strong conventional defence. 

Meanwhile, Mr Norman . 

Tebbit, the Conservative ^* e Dex * task was to win 



Nuclear secrets man in Israel court 

teoDti tne Conservative ™ e I ■ a Jerusakra court yesterday, front his London hot, 

ferty chatnmn, is granng up S!w ffifftattaT JSEJ5E He was in court for a new September 30 and it 

Mr Mondechai Vanunu, the with treason, aggravated es- The Israeli citizen, who 
nuclear technician accused of pionage giving top-secret converted to Christianity, dis- 
re veal ing secrets about IsraeTs information to the enemy, closed to The Sunday Times 
atomic arsenal being led into Mr Vanunu disappeared that Israel had stockpiled 200 

from his London hotel on 

for a new offensiveaimed at ““Clear line, before switching 
making further capital out of attcnUo “ 10 vote-winning ar- 

Labour’s defence difficulties. 

He and other senior min- 
isters are expected to accuse 
senior moderates wi thin the 
Shadow Cabinet such as Mr 
Roy Hattersley, Mr John 
Cunningham and Mr John 
Smith of acquiescing in a 
policy with which they pro- 
foundly disagree for electoral 

eas such as unemployment 
and the health service. 

They also discounted any 
public split over the issue. By 
the time the election is called 
and the Shadow Cabinet and 
national executive meet at the 
clause five meeting to settle 
the manifesto the ground will 
have been laid, it is argued, for 
the policy to be watered down 

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They will challenge them to n a wy that m^es cte® that 

end ibeir silence and picture the re ' 
the Labour leadership as moved without the agreement 
deeply split over the coun try’s of the Americans, 
defence. Meanwhile, a former La- 

They will also claim that hour defence minister. Dr 

however Labour twists and John Gilbert, said that the 

turns over the issue, the latest poll made distressing 

argument is over because of reading for party members 

the swing to the left within the and the defence policy was 
parly, a shift that will become obviously a cootributory 
even more pronounced after factor.. 

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A visit to the Welsh 
town where the end 
of coal mining 
meant the beginning 
of “redundo" wealth 
— not to mention the 
bitterness that 
attends keeping up 
with the Joneses 
and the Thomases. 

Sakharov vows to 
continue his fight 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Dr Andrei Sakharov, the of its policy towards human 
best-known Soviet dissident, rights activists and other 
is due to arrive here tomorrow political opponents, 
by train, ending nearly seven Professor Valery Soifer, a 
years in internal exile renowned biologist who has 

The physicist— in a remark- been trying to emigrate since 
able conversation with Mr 1979, was one of many Soviet 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, intellectuals who yesterday 1 
who telephoned him the day cited Mr Gorbachov’s un- 

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• The weekly prize in 
The Times Portfolio 
Gold competition — 
£24,000 because there 
were no winners the 
previous two weeks — 
was shared on Saturday 
by five readers. Three 
readers shared the 
£4,000 daily prize. 
Details page 3 

• There is £4,000 to be 
won today. Portfolio list 
page 20; rules and how 
to play, information 
service, page 16. 


Hodge moves 

Tottenham Hotspur yesterday 
agreed to buy Steve Hodge, 
the England midfield player 
from Aston Villa for £650,000 
hours after selling Graham 
Roberts to Rangers for 
£450.000 Page 28 

Leeds lose 7-2 

Leeds United, weakened by 
suspensions, were beaten 7-2 
by Stoke City in the second 
division, Nicky Morgan scor- 
ing three goals Page 28 

best-known Soviet dissident, 
is due to arrive here tomorrow 
by train, ending nearly seven 
years in internal exile. 

The physicist— in a remark- 
able conversation with Mr 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
who telephoned him the day 
after a KGB agent installed the 
previously-denied connection 
in the Sakharov flat, - told Mr 
Gorbachov that he intended 
to continue speaking out on 
major human rights issues on 
his return. 

“My conversation with 
Gorbachov was very complex 
and I would not try and 
summarize it in a few words. 
It was not all simple and it was 
not all direct,” the 65-year-old 
scientist said yesterday during 
a radio interview. “As much 
as it depends on me, 1 intend 
to always say what I think 
because f believe that is the 
right thing and the necessary 

The apparent lack of restric- 
tions imposed on Dr Sak- 
harov’s new-found freedom 
has increased the conviction 

remand hearing and is ex- feared he may have been 
peeled to be formally charged kidnapped. 


By Richard Lander 

LHW Futures, a controver- 
sial financial broking firm, has 
been turned down for 
membership by the new City 
i^uiatoiy authority which po- 
lices the futures and commod- 
ities markets. The firm has 
been strongly criticized for its 
high-pressure selling tech- 
niques which some clients 
claim have cost them their 
savings. ' * 

The deci sion by the Associ- 
ation of Futures Brokers and 
Dealers (AFBD) win severely 
limit LHW*s activities. 

When the new Financial 
Services Act takes full effect 
next year, futures broking 
firms will be breaking the law 
unless they belong to the 
AFBD or nave authorization 
from the Securities and 
Investments Board, the chief 
City watchdog body. SIB is 
unlikely to authorise a firm 
turned down by the AFBD. 

closed to The Sunday Times 
that Israel had stockpiled 200 
nuclear warheads at its top 
secret Dimona nuclear plant 
in the Negev Desert, where he 
worked for 10 years. 

Wright’s family 
insist he has been 
telling the truth 

The family of Mr Peter 
Wright, the former MI5 officer 
who has exposed its secret 
operations, insisted in an 
interview with The Times 
yesterday that he has been 
telling the truth. 

His statement came as the 
Government came under new 
pressure to mount an indepen- 
dent inquiry into allegations 
of plotting against the Wilson 
Labour government of the 

Mr Wright's son, Mr Be vis 
Wright, and two daughters, 
Mrs Tessa Southern and Mrs 
Jenny Andrews, spoke out 
after a report last week that 
their fether was unreliable and 
lived in a fantasy world. 

Yesterday Mr Bevis 
Wright, who runs holiday 
cottages in this country, con- 
tacted his two sisters — one of 
whom lives in Australia — 

Mr Alistair Annand, chief before making public their 
exculive of the AFBD, said be support for their fethef’s 

Spectrum 10 

precedented telephone call to 
Dr Sakharov as evidence that 
a new era was beginning in the 
Soviet human rights field. 

“Mr Gorbachov has de- 
cided to change the policy. 
Even as recently as two weeks 
ago, I had no basis for 
predicting that such a new 
policy would be introduced,” 
explained the professor, who 
used the new telephone 
connection to convey his 
congratulations to Dr Sakha- 
rov in Gorky. 

“As a result of my conversa- 
tion, 1 had the impression that 
there will be no limitations on 
what Sakharov can say when 
he returns to Moscow. The 
Government has apparently 

had written to the five futures 
exchanges belonging to the 
association on Friday to tell 
them of the decision. 

•He declined to say why 
LHW bad been rejected but 
said the firm was likely to 

LHW is the biggest private 
client futures broker in 
Europe, earning commissions 
of about £30 million in 1985 
from 6,500 customers on con- 
tracts involving several hun- 
dred million pounds. Officials 
from LHW were unavailable 
for comment yesterday but the 
managing director, Mr Brian 
Edgeley, said recently that 
cold-calling — malting unsolic- 
ited phone calls to prospective 
investors — had been stopped. 


Mr Wright told said: “My 
father is devoted both to MIS 
and to his country. The Gov- 
ernment did not cross-exam- 

Lord Glenamara: Wants an 
inquiry into allegations 

ine him in the court case in 
New South Wales over his 
book, so one can only con- 
clude that he has been 

“My father believes totally 
in the importance of MIS and 
his prime motive is to get an 
inquiry into the working of the 
security service and into, its 

"I think if he succeeds in 
that, he'll die happy. It's 
blatantly obvious that he's 
telling the truth." 

Mr Wright said he was 
keeping in constant touch 
with his father, although he 
has not seen him for two years. 
He said: “He is ill but be has 
faith in his doctors.” 

There were calls for an 
inquiiy yesterday from Lord 
Glenamara, the former La- 
bour deputy leader, Mr Ted 
Short, who believes MJ5 was 
behind a plot to discredit him 
in the 1970s. 

Lord Glenamara was at the 
centre of a political “scandal” 
when a document revealed 
that he had opened a Swiss 
bank account with a deposit of 
about £16,000 in December 
1971. But the document, 
photocopies of which were 
circulated in Fleet Street, was 
a forgery. 

A police investigation was 
conducted by Scotland Yard's 
Serious Crimes Squad, but 
those responsible were not 

Lord Glenamara said yes- 
terday that since Mr Wright’s 
allegations had begun to 
emerge during the Australian 
court hearing he felt there was 
a strong possibility that MJ5 

Continued on page 16, col 4 

• ... . ■ £* UJMVMV 1 MM Mllli m VHUT 

among jubilant members of expressed hope that he will 
Moscow s dissident araunu- take part in ‘patriotic work’.” 

5pm deadline for Piggott bail 

nity that the Kremlin has 
undertaken a thorough review 

Continued on page 16, col 1 

South gets first snow 

The first widespread snow through northern counties and 
of the winter fell across most the Midlands on Saturday 
of Britain yesterday, but night, reaching the south-east 
forecasters were doubtful if it by 10am yesterday, before 

heralded a white Christmas. 

away off the south 

said a belt of snow moved turned 10 sleet or slush. 

“SsS ■jassss'Ji 

Showers would die out by 

were reported in many areas, 
with depths of several inches 
on northern hills. 

The snow moved down 

tomorrow. Rain would move 
in from the west. 

Forecasts, page 16 

Lester Piggott, the former 
champion jockey, has until 
late this afternoon to find 
what is believed to be the 
largest bail surety ever de- 
manded by a British court, 
nearly £1 million in cash, or 
face re-arrest on a charge of 
defrauding the Inland Rev- 

Mr Piggott must hand over 
a banker’s draft for £950,000 
by 5pm to Newmarket mag- 
istrates in exchange for the 
deeds to his house and stables 
in the town, which were 
accepted as sureties in lieu of 
cash when he was arrested and 
charged on Friday. 

Mr Norman Phillips, the 
Inland Revenue’s prosecuting 

solicitor, originally asked for a 
cash sum of £2 million to be 
lodged with the court but this 
was reduced by the mag- 
istrates. The case has been 
adjourned till March 19 

Mr Piggott, who retired 
from riding last year to take up 
a career as a trainer, was not 
available for comment yes- 
terday at his Newmarket 

He was arrested on Friday 
morning and accused before a 
special court sitting of making 

Mr Piggott, 11 times cham- 
pion jockey and rider of a 
record 29 classic winners, is 
said to have amassed a 
£20 million fortune. 

The investigation into his 
tax affairs is thought to be pan 
of a much broader inquiry 
now being carried out by the 
Inland Revenue and HM Cus- 
toms and Excise - respon- 
sible for VAT collection. 

This is looking into the 
finances of a number of 
leading owners, trainers and 

a false tax statement about his jockeys, and centres on the 

bank accounts. 

He spent several tense hours 
in the cells at Newmarket 
police station before bail 
could be arranged. 


Reagan’s plan 

Biffen appeals to Churches on Aids 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

admitted to having multiple 
sexual partners in tbe past five 
years, were questioned about 

year and a million carriers 
among heterosexuals. 

On the strength of tbe 

_ I WO UOVCmniCUl imillBUilB 

President Reagan « pJanrmig ^ urged the churches 
legislation to restore Amenj ^ responsibility 

canleaderehipinintemauomU introducing a moral 

economics. Mr Liayton ■„ fh * naimnn 

Two Government ministers their attitudes to the killer figures and interviews with 

economics. Mr uiayiuu 
Yeuiter, the US trade repre- 
sentative. revealed in an inter- 
view with The Times Page I" 

for introducing a moral 
dimension into the national 
fight against the disease Aids. 
The appeal, from Mr John 


Eighty per cent said they 
believed they were in little or 
□0 danger of contracting the 
disease, and 86 per cent said 

sexually active young people, 
largely heedless of the dangers 
they faced, Mr Newton admit- 
ted the Government had 
“some ground to make up” in 

Home News 2-5 Lew Report 
Overseas 6-8 Leaders 
Appts 14.W Later* 

Aiis 9 Prem Bonds 16 

Births, deaths, Rdipoo JJ 

marriages 15 Sale Room M 
Business 17-20 Science 
Chun* 14 Spurt 22-26,28 
Court 14 TV* Radio 27 

10.16 llnhmitiw 14 
Weather 16 

Biffen. Leader of the House of bSiaviour as a result of official 
Commons, and Mr Tony warnings. 

they had not changed their getting its message across, 
behaviour as a result of official Mr Biffen said thd disease 

Commons, ana inr may warnings. was a “great shadow” looming 

Newton. Minister of State for The survey, carried out for over all public debate. 

Health, came against the back- the H ’eekena World television "We are talking about 
ground of an alarming new programme by Harris Re- whole patterns of behaviour 
survey showing that the prag- searc h Organization, was which have to be adjusted and 
matic “safe sex” approach, accompanied by computer reformed and where those 
adopted in the £20 million projections from Imperial who seek to be the moral 

matic “safe sex” approach, 
adopted in the £20 million 

Crosswords 10.16 lloheisilns 

jfSiary 12 Weather 

public education campaign. College, London, predictin 
has so far had little impact. that on these replies by the en 

who seek to be the moral 
guardians and leaders — 1 
mean basically the Churches 

A sample of 864 heiero- of the century there would be - will have to make their 

sexuals aged 18 to 44, wfcp j 60,000 new cases of Aids a voices known and effective in ^chastity. 

persuading the changes that 
can somehow stabilize a ter- 
rifying situation,” he said on 
BBC Radio 4. 

Mr Newton’s remarks ap- 
peared to be aimed al the 
churches when he said it was 
the Government's job to con- 
centrate on the pragmatic 
approach while “some 
people" developed the moral 

The clergy’s most recent 
intervention in the Aids de- 
bate came last week when the 
Church of England submitted 
a report to Parliament saying 
that while it supported explicit 
public health advertizing, it 
regretted more emphasis was 
not being put on the need for 

avoidance of income tax and 

It is understood that 50 tax 
inspectors are working on the 

Double killing 
warning to 
women in city 

Women in Salisbury. Wilt- 
shire. were advised by police 
to be on their guard last night 
after the discovery of two 
women murdered within 
hours of each other over the 

Miss Ruth Perreru aged 25 , 
was strangled in her bedroom 
in a hostel and a few hours 
later Mrs Beryl Deacon, aged 
45, a market researcher, was 
suffocated in a toilet cubicle. 
Both had been sexually 

Mrs Deacon disappeared on 
Saturday morning after arriv- 
ing from Ringwood, Hamp- 
shire. - t< Report, page 3 

Police break up 
student protest 
in Shanghai 


Shanghai (Reuter) — Police 
broke up thousands of dem- 
onstrators outside the city hall 
here last night and arrested at 
least seven youths in tbe third 
day of unrest by students 
demanding more democracy. 

Witnesses said that about 
200 police squeezed into the 
crowd on the main waterfront 
boulevard, beside the city hall, 
and seized the youths after 
forming a moving cordon to 
push people away. 

Student demonstrators beat 
up 31 police and broke into 
municipal government of- 
fices, die official New China 
News Agency quoted a city 
government ^spokesman as 

The students, supported by 
groups of workers, had gath- 
ered outside the city hall to 
express discontent with the 
response of Mayor Jiang 
Zemin to a fist of demands 
their leaders had presented 
him with at a late night 
meeting on Friday. 

They said Mr Jiang had 
rejected pleas for greater 
democracy and press freedom, 
although he conceded a re- 
quest to label their protest 
action as legal and to guar- 
antee their safety. 

The students maintained 
the mayor had broken his 
word, citing what they reck- 
oned to be 200 anests and the 
beating up by police of about 
12 people at the weekend. 

The Shanghai student pro- 
tests are the biggest in a chain 
of student demonstrations 
that has affected campuses in 
more than 12 cities in the last 
few weeks. 

Earlier in the evening, 
20,000 chanting students and 
their supporters gathered with 
flags in the People's Park, half 
an hour’s walk from the city 
hall, and some said that they 
would stay all night to press 
their demands for democracy. 

Mr Dai Junyi. a student 
leader from a Shanghai medi- 
cal college, told a crowd of 
several hundred: “All of you 
should open your eyes. We are 
being suppressed. 

“Maybe the police will 
come and break us up. but the 
Chinese people will not be 

A Shanghai city gov- 
ernment official said no one 

Background 6 

Leading article 13 

had been arrested and no one 
would be. because the march- 
es were legal. 

“Bui students would be 
breaking the law if they tried 
to stop traffic.'* he said. 

Students said they were also 
demanding that Mr Jiang 
make a public apology and 
compensate those allegedly 
beaten up. 

Shanghai newspapers have 
made no mention of the 
student unrest of the last few 

A Japanese journalist based 
here said he saw about 200 
students from Tongji and 
Communications universities 
arrested on Saturday morning 
and taken away in police vans 
as thousands of students 
massed near the People’s 

The Shanghai marches, 
which began on Thursday, 
have been the most daring 
display of student protest in 
this month's wave of unrest in 
universities across China. 

The demonstrations, from 
Xian in the north to K unming 
in the south-west, have all 
turned into rallies calling for 
democratic reform, although 
many began as expressions of 
dissatisfaction on trivial is- 
sues such as the quality of 
college food. 

Pay rises at lowest 
level for a decade 

By Our City Staff 

Wage rises in Britain’s man- 
ufacturing industry have fall- 
en to their lowest level for a 
decade, according to figures 
from the Confederation of 
British Industry today . 

The CBI’s data bank on pay 
shows an average increase of 
4.6 per cent in the fourth 
quarter of this year. This 
compares with 5.6 per cent in 
the third quarter and 6.1 per 
cent in the first two quarters of 

Sir Terence Beckett, the CBI 
director general, said: "While 
average earnings are continu- 
ing to run at rather higher 
levels, reflecting in part the 
pick-up in the economy, these 
much lower figures for basic 
pay settlements do suggest 
that at last we may be moving 
in the right direction." 

Nearly one in 10 of the 80 

pay settlements included in 
the survey were for rises of less 
than 2.5 percent. 

Further good news for ihc 
Government came at the 
weekend when oil ministers 
from 12 of the 13 Opec 
countries agreed to cut pro- 
duction by 7.25 per cent to 
15.S million barrels a day and 
to return to a fixed price 
system based on $18 (£12.56) 
a barrel. 

Despite the refusal by Iraq 
to abide by its quota, industry 
analysts expect oil prices to 
firm by around $1 a barrel this 

Iraq has dissociated itself 
from the agreement, rejecting 
a quota far lower than its 
actual production and below 
the level given to Iran. 

Wage rises Page 19 

Sett c 

MsJVftv M c 

. ... 



T-iwrr ' 

Warning against 
a slick Budget 

Razzmatazz relaunch to revitalize fortunes 

Alliance plans a radical ‘facelift’ 

. •.-.!! 4 nnlll 

Mr John BifTen, Leader of the House of Conrawns* 
yesterday gave a warning against a “slick and smart'” 
Budget aimed at baying votes as be lent his voice to those in 
the Government trying to damp down hopes of big tax cots 
in the spring (Otrr Political Reporter writes). 

If the Chancellor was “wise" he would ensare that his 
dispensations were governed by the need to meet public 
spending commitments and borrowing levels that did not 
disturb interest rates, Mr Biffen said on BBC Radio 4. 

Last week, citing the recent £4.7 billion increase in 
planned spending as his chief constraint, Mr Nigel 
Lawson, told the Commons: “I doubt there will be much 
scope for reductions in taxation."' 

His remarks came after publication of Treasury figures 
showing lower than expected borrowing, widely interpreted 
as opening the door to cuts of two or three pence off the ba- 
sic rate of taxation. But many MPs on both sides of the 
House were unconvinced believing that the Chancellor was 
deliberately talking down expectations. 

By Martin Fletcher 
Political Reporter 

The Liberai/SDP Alliance is 
secretly planning to give itself 
a radical New Year facelift in 
an attempt to recapture its 
original “freshness” and 
revitalize electoral fortunes. 

This will centre on the long- 
awaited publication of its 
definitive policy document, 
and will involve a new logo, 
new colour schemes, new 
slogans, American-styie meth- 
ods of presentation, a rally 
which will be the biggest joint 
event the two parties have 
ever staged, and a week of 
intense grassroots activity at 

constituency level throughout 
the country. 

The effective. relaunch has 
been masterminded by Mr 

details of their plans secret 
from aO but a handful of 

What the Alliance hopes 

David Abbott, chairman of will be a completely fresh look 
the advertising agency Abbott will be unveiled at a press 

Mead and Vickers: Mr Roland 
Freeman, the Alliance's new 
publicity consultant who or- 
ganized the “Save the GLC" 
campaign, and Mr Paul Tyler, 

conference and in a party 
political broadcast on January 
28 which will set the tone for 
the following days. 

The focal point of the 

campaign, and Mr ram tyier, ine local point or me 
the former Liberal party chair- campaign will come threedays 
man and chairman of the later at a Barbican rally pro- 

“bible" of policies hammered 
out between the two parties 

Unhindered by the need to 
take policy derisions however, 
the rally- to be attended by all 
the party's “names'’, will also 
be 2 media-orientated razzma- 
tazz designed to grab public 
attention and demonstrate 
Alliance unity and 

Some 10 key themes are to 

nresentaiion will a politician 
speak. Mr Bamber Gascoigne, 
the television presenter and 
Alliance supporter, has been 
invited to be the anchor man 
between presentations. 

Live bands will play dunng 
the intervals. 

Boost of 


sought for 
RAF jets 

By Harvey Elliott 
Air Correspondent 

Tnc Secretary of Slate for 
Defence. Mr Geo ige \ oungcr. 
j* being urged to line at 

the intervals. *e- 00 miliion from the 

How ever the rally w ill mark defence 

only the banning of the brim; the radar fined 

campaign. Throughout tin. tornado fighters 

following week n is to move in the K*r s ** 

following week it is to move 
out to the constituencies to 

parliamentary lobbyists Good 

The three men nave been 
working on the campaign 
since October, have a budget 
running into tens of thousands 

visionaUy entitled Election 87 
for 2.000 Alliance faithful 

pill tests 



of pounds, and have kept the for Progress, 

which win be along the lines of 
ah American political conven- 
tion. Its principal purpose will 
be the hunch of Partnership 


for Progress, each of which will 
be the subject of a 
“presentation’’ — probably by 
an actor - supported by aim. 
music and whai one source 
described as “extracts from 
literature". Only after each 

copies of “new look" eye- 
catching leaflets summarizing 
Alliance policies are to be 

Michael Meadow croft, 
page 12 

A drug company has 
asked the Department of 
Health for permission to 
test an abortion pilL 
RousseL, of France, is 
carrying out trials of a 
compound called RU4S5 in 

The pill is intended be 
taken up to eight weeks 
into pregnancy and cause 
tiie embryo to be rejected. 
In tests it has been 80 per 
cent effective. 

It is tbc next step from 
the “morning- after” pill, 
which contains a hormone 
that stops a fertilized egg 
from being implanted in the 

Military police were of- 
fered mince pies and 
mulled wine yesterday 
when they arrived to deal 
with peace protesters who 
entered an RAF base. 

Officers were startled to 
find they had 
“gatecrashed” a party in 
foil swing around a Christ- 
mas tree, complete with 
baubles and tinsel. 

Carol-singing protesters 
at RAF Chilwell, near Not- 
tingham. invited the offi- 
cers to join in bnt they 
declined and 16 people 
were arrested. The police 
said charges are likely to 

Kinnock is 
to expel 
‘loony left’ 

By Sheila Gntm 
Political Staff 

Jamaican Concorde 

British Airways bus clinched a lucrative contract with 
Air Jamaica to lease Concorde for 12 consecutive weekend 
charter flights between New York and Montego Bay (Onr 
Air Correspondent writes). 

The first flight left New York on Saturday with all its 
100 seats occupied. It fc the first time a foreign airline has 
chartered Concorde and gives BA a chance to boost the air- 
craft as a potential charter jet in the United States. 

The Air Jamaica lease has been made possible because 
of tbc cutback in Concorde flights to the United States 
which always takes place at this time of year. This left one 
Concorde standing idle at New York on Saturdays for the 
next three months. 



The brother of Boy 
George, the pop singer 
arrested on Saturday on 
suspicion of having can- 
nabis, said yesterday the 
family had “gone through 

Boy George (right) was 
fined £250 in July for 
possessing heroin. He was 
stopped and searched early 
on Saturday morning white 
walking home from a North 
London party with others. 

His brother Kevin 
O’Dowd said the pressure 
had “broken’' the family’s 
mother. Boy George was 
released on police bail until 

Children found dead 

A mother found her two youngest children dead in their 
beds yesterday morning. 

a A boy, who would have been three on Boxing Day, and 
his sister, aged nearly two. had been ill with what appeared 
to be a throat infection. 

Police are treating the deaths, on the Queensway Estate 
in Wellingborough. Northamptonshire, as “suspicions” 
because there is no immediate clue as to how they is 
understood the police took bottles of medicine away for 

A post-mortem examination was carried out yesterday by 
a Home Office pathologist at Kettering General Hospital. 

A senior member of the 
Shadow Cabinet is to urge Mr 
Neil Kinnock to purge the 
“loony left" London coun- 
cillors who. he believes, are 
bringing the party into 

The former minister is to 
write “a sharp note” to the 
Labour leader calling on him 
to make plain that their 
actions were not “in the name 
of the Labour Party”. 

He is also enclosing ma- 
terial handed out to school- 
children in Labour-controlled 
boroughs such as Haringey. 
These actively promote 
homosexuality, giving explicit 

The move will embarrass 
the Labour leader still further 
when he is under pressure to 
divorce the party from the 
actions of extreme left-wing 
councils which be knows wili 
lose votes. 

Mr Kinnock has started the 
procedures which could expel 
Mr Tony Byrne, the new 
Liverpool Labour group lead- 
er. and Mr Tony Hood, the 
secretary, from the party. 

He has attacked - the 
“zealotry" of some left-wing 
council leaders but could not 
afford to face a further party- 
splitting round of expulsions. 
Such a purge would inevitably 
centre on Mr Bemie Grant, 
the hard left leader of Harin- 
gey council who has pursued 
the controversial policies on 
racism, sexism and the rights 
of homosexuals. Mr Grant is 
to contest a safe Labour seat at : 
the general election. 

• Many Labour pern con- 
demned the pro-homosexual 
policies of left-wing local 
authorities when Lord 
Halsbury's Bill which bans 
local authorities from promot- 
ing homosexuality in schools 
was given an unopposed sec- 
ond reading in Lords. 

Lord Longford said he re- 
garded homosexuals as 
“handicapped people" who 
could not enjoy family life. 
Lord Fiti said he gave the Bill 
his full support as he was 
convinced many Aids carriers 
were given positive education 
in favour of homosexuality 
when at school. 

The Bill stands little chance 

up to standard. 

The first squadron of h- 
Tomados. which are designed 
to fight attacking bombers at 
long range, has.cnte.^- »dl 
operational scrviu.. But de- 
fence chiefs arc still unhappy 
about ihe Foxhunter radar 
which has cost £/00 million 
and is six years behind 

The problems arc a runner 
embarrassment for GEC 
whose Nimrod early warning 
radar failed to beat ott the 
challenge of the Boeing 
AWACS aircraft 

Although the Foxfrunier ra- 

dar works, it is still having 
nmhtems with keeping track 

Economic warfare: The Itm an the Park at Dungannon, severely damaged by a car bomb. 

ISA bombing blitz 

Ulster security forces on full alert 

Security forces in Northern 
Ireland are on foil alert after a 
Provisional IRA bombing 
blitz against packed pubs and 
hotels at the weekend. 

The co-ordinated attacks in 
counties Tyrone and London- 
derry have wrecked party 
plans for hundreds of people 
and threaten jobs in areas with 
historically high levels of 

Yesterday politicians con- 
demned the hypocrisy of the 
Provisional movement whose 
political wing campaigned for 
more jobs and better housing 
while its military wing attacks 
economic targets. 

No one was injured in 
Saturday night’s attacks at two 
hotels and two bars, but 
thousands of pounds of dam- 
age was caused and the local 
economy will be seriously 

By Richard Ford 

ace when two exploded at 9 Waierson, 
pm. director, sai 

A few miles away ax 8.30 pm miracle no 
the provisionals dumped a area busy 1 
hijacked car containing expto- this time d: 
sives outside the Gaugers Inn disco had r 
at Ballyronan on the shores of 400 to 5G0 ; 
Lough Neagh. A controlled been in the 
explosion damaged parked and the loss 
cars and properties but other been tremei 
explosives were made safe by rjeni 1 

army bomb disposal experts. CgL-gj nj. 

The terrorists then struck at i**,- p-,-.. 
the Inn on the Park Hotel at 
Dungannon where they hvnrnrTTO- 
d^Ped a bracked car 
packed with explosives out- Thp whnip f 
side the entry to a discotheque 
which was about to open. 

A warning was given and “ Tbs P* 
the hotel cleared when the us | 

bomb exploded 12 minutes neeci for j 
later causing extensive In Co 
damage. Dungannon 

The explosion occurred rates are 36.1 

VYa terse e. the managing 
director, said yesterday: "It’s a 
miracle no one was killed. We 
are a busy hotel hooked out at 
inis time day and night. If the 
disco had been open another 
400 to 5G0 people would have 
been in there trying to get oui 
and the loss of life could have 
been tremendous.'* 

damaged by the bombing of eight years to the day after a 
licensed premises at the busi- similar attack at the popular 

of getting on the statute book 
without Government backing. 





OVER 3500 


est period or tneir year. 

The first attack occurred in 
Cookstown, Co Tyrone, when 
armed and masked terrorists 
planted several explosive de- 
vices at. the Glenavon HoteL 
The provisionals drove a hi- 
jacked car packed with explo- 
sives through locked 
plateglass doors while in an- 
other part of the building a 
number of a 1 2 strong terrorist 
team placed bombs mid others 
robbed the safe of a large of 
quantity of casb. 

Guests were hurriedly 
moved out of the hotel which 
was seriously damaged when 
five devices exploded. 

Eight minutes later at the 
Kildress Inn between 
Cookstown and Omagh 
armed men planted bombs, 
which caused extensive dam- 


Mr Denis Haugbey. of the 
Soda! Democratic and La- 
bour Party, said: "This is 
another example of the rank 
hyproensy of the Provos. 
Innocent lives were put at risk. 
The whole economy has been 
further depressed. 

“ The Proves will start to 
lecture us no doubt on the 
need for jobs-*' 

In Cookstown and 
Dungannon unemployment 
rates are 36.8 percent and 30.3 
per cent respectively. 

The attacks come after Pro- 
visional IRA attempts lo dam- 

age hotels at Belleek in Co 
Fermanagh and Moneymore 
in Co Londonderry last week 
and an explosion which 
wrecked an RUC station in 
south Belfast 

Police had warned the prov- 
ince that the terrorists planned 
a pre-Christmas bomb b!ii 2 . 

Meanwhile police on both 
sides of the Irish border are 
searching for a Maze prison 
escapee who has failed to 
return to jail after being given 
home leave. 

The Northern Ireland Of- 
fice is holding an inquiry into 
why Patrick McIntyre, from 
Lctterkenny. Co Donegal, was 
given home leave. 

McIntyre, aged 28. was 
nearing the end of a 15-year 
sentence for attempting to 
murder a member of the , 
Ulster Defence Regiment, but 
was feeing charges which in- 
cluded the murder of a prison 

problems with keeping track 
of a large number of targets, is 
vulnerable to jamming and 
can interfere with the firing of 
the Tornado missiles. 

It is believed that those 
problems can be solved. But it 
will be expensive and will add 
still further pressure on the 
defence budget already bur- 
dened with the cost of cancel- 
ling the Nimrod and other 

So far the Foxhumer radar 
has cost at least £250 million 
more than the initial budget 
But Mr Younger is almost 
certain to give the go-ahead 
for yet further finance to fie 
made available because the 
long term effectiveness of the 
system was a key element in 
clinching Britain's biggest ever 
export order when a total of 
132 military aircraft worth 
about £4 billion were sold to 
Saudi .Arabia. 

Included in the package 
were 24 Tornado F2s similar 
to those now being supplied to 
the RAF. Saudi Arabia made 
it plain that it wanted guar- 
antees that the radar would 
work to the foil specifications. 

So important was the con- 
tract regarded by ministers 
that they persuaded the RAF 
to delay’iaking delivery of the 
Tornados they needed so that 
Saudi Arabia could be sup- 
plied instead. The same con- 
dition was put on the radar. 

GEC is now working with 
experts from British Aero- 
space to solve the remaining 
problems. It has delivered the 
existing equipment to the 
Ministry of Defence and it has 
been passed them on to the 
Saudi air force. 

Staff cuts 
hit defence 

Cardinal backs ‘anti-terror 9 pact 

The leader of Ireland's Ro- 
man Catholics said yesterday 
that the Anglo-Irish agree- 
ment had ted to a drop in the 
level of nationalist support for 

Cardinal Tomas O Hatch 
said the agreement had in- 
creased the morale of national- 
ists and had been “of symbolic 
importance” to than. He ex- 
pressed disappointment at the 
amount of progress made, hot 
raid the agreement “certainly 
whittled away a certain 
amount of support that might 
have been going to people 
much closer to violence”. 

He described the deal as an 

exercise in “tightrope 
walking” and said that he had 
been surprised at the scale and 
extent of unionist opposition. 
The Roman Catholic primate 
refused to urge Roman Catho- 
lics in Northoa Ireland to join 
the RUC, claiming that until 
an inquiry into allegations that 
the force operated a “shoot to 
kill” policy was cleared np, 
young nationalists would be 
reluctant to join the force . 

Cardinal O Fiakh was 
responding to a question dur- 
ing an interview on Radio 
Telefis Eireann, the Irish 
broadcasting service, on 
whether be agreed with the 

republic’s minister for foreign 
affairs, who has said he would 
be happy to see young Roman 
Catholics making a career in 
the RUC. 

The cardinal said; “I don’t 
think we have reached that 
precise point yet I always 
have had an idea that the 
solution to the police question 
is the establishment of a 
number of different local pol- 
ice forces.” 

He said he had put this idea 
to government ministers, al- 
though it is known that the 
concept is opposed by senior 
officers in the RUC. 


No advance for badly 
paid in 100 years 








Directions: Travelling west along Old Brampton Road take first turning left after West Brampton 
tube station into Seagrave Road -Take first left again into Roxby Place. 


MEHBffl SLtt 
ttwiiwa KKE 


HAMA DAN 7'x4’ 


£ 1,150 £690 
£475 £280 

ft PILE 





12 x9' S2J50 £800 

tf9‘x4’4’ £1,750 £900 

6’x 3*6* £175 £60 

l'Xi' £12 £7 

5'x 3' £2,800 £1,350 

a-x5' £6,800 £3,000 

6*2* x37* £1,350 £675 

77- v c-TO' £900 £525 
5'4'x3'10' £850 £360 
5*1* x 37' £4,200 £2,200 

67-x4’3' £3,250 £1,600 
77*x4'3- £375 £195 

77' x 4'3* 

6MI'x3’10- £325 

























£525 £360 

£450 £175 
£360 £175 
£1.150 £550 
£1,200 £675 

£3,200 £1,400 

£3300 £1,800 
4*Krx3'l' 595 £50 

7Tx4V £2.150 £1,100 
fft-xAT- £295 £145 



10' 5 *x8'3* £2,600 £1,350 
5'x3H* £110 £55 


AH prices ex -wor^iouse. excluding V AT. 

PLUS SIZES RANGING FROM 3' x 2' UP TO 18' x 12' 



The poorest-paid workers in 
Britain are relatively worse off 
than they were 100yearsago,a 
Low Pay Unit report says 

The gap between the poor- 
est workers and the rest is now 
wider than it was in 1886, the 
year when pay figures were 
first collected. 

Malting the comparison be- 
tween now and 100 years ago, 
it says that in 1 886 the average 
wage for men in full-time 
manual jobs was£I.2l a week. 

Those in the bottom fifth 
earned 69 per cent of the 
average. In 1986, the bottom 
fifth earned only 63 per cent 

The unit says that this 
Christmas many workers will 
face wage cuts because of the 
Wages Act, which weakens 
minimum wage protection. 
The first effects of the Act 
come into operation today 
when some catering workers 
will have their pay cut by up to 
£12 a week. In the new year 
others will fece cuts of up to 
£24 a week. It is the first time 
since' the 1930s. that people 
have faced such cuts. 

The - report contrasts the 
poor pay with the rewards 
among the higher paid 
employees in white collar jobs, 
where 10 per cent earn more 
than £20,000 a year. The 
highest paid fifth of male full- 
time workers had average pay 
rises of 8.5 per cent last year. 

Since 1979, they have had 
! pay rises of 120 per cent The, 

average male in full-time work 
bad pay rises of 100 per cent 
during the same period, while 
the lowest-paid fifth had rises 
of 87 percent 

• Four times as many chil- 
dren are living in families 
dependent on supplementary 
benefit compared with 1965, 
according to a report pub- 
lished today by the Child 
Poverty Action Group to 
mark its twenty-first 

The report also concludes : 
that one third ofall children in , 
Britain would be regarded as , 
living in poverty or on its ! 
margin, if families whose in- 
comes were within 40 per cent 
of supplementary benefit lev- 
els were included in its figures. 

. The number of children 
living in families on or below 
supplementary benefit has tri- . 
pled since 1965. 

Whereas most children liv- 
ing in poverty 2Q .years ago 
were in one-parent families, 
most now five in two-parent 
femUies where one is un- 
employed, the report states. 
Between 1973 and 1983, the 
rise in unemployment ac- 
counted for 75 per cent of the 
increase in child poverty. 

The report says that in 1965, 
456,000 children under 16 
lived in families dependent on 
supplementary benefit. In 
1984. there were 1.95 million. 
Poor Children: A Tele of. Two 
Decades (By David Piachaud; 
CPAG;£1.50). ... 


By a Staff Reporter 

The Foreign Office is to 
make its mind-wide commu- 
nications network less vulner- 
able to electronic counter- 
intelligence operations by 
instafimg a state of the art 
system in a Whitehall 

Bat the £34 nnlfiou plan has 
been delayed because of the 
Challenger space shuttle 
disaster which was to have 
launched tire British-built 
Skynet 4 satellite which wiD 
transmit m essages to em- 
bassies and informs tion- 
gathering centres around the 

The British systems being 
install ed ia the air conditions 
basement will enable secret 
messages to be “scrambled” 
for more devilishly than 

At present, the Foreign 
Office communicates with its 
stations through telex ma- 
chines in Whit ehall. 

The machinery, estimated to 
have a working life of 10 years, 
will increase efficiency ament 

The Foreign Office yes- 
terday described as “pure 
fantasy and rubbish” a report 
that the Prime Minister 
planned to introduce to the 
new centre the same “no 
union” rule operating at 
GCHQ in Cheltenham. 

He also denied that poly- 
graph lie detectors would be 
introduced, ‘ 

MP in attack 
o ver GCHQ 
staff shortage 

By Tim Jones 

The Government was yes- 
terday accused by a Liberal 
MP of “doing more damage to 
the security of the secret 
information gathering station 
at GCHQ, Cheltenham, than 
any Russian mole”. 

The charge was laid by Mr 
Paddy Ashdown, a former 
diplomat who intends to 
question the Government on 
reports that the union ban at 
the centre has led to staff 
shortages. These are said to 
have forced highly-skilled 
computer operators to be 
taken off intelligence work 
and put on payroll duties. 

Apart from feeding Britain’s ; 
intelligence chiefs, some staff 
at the centre also process pay 
for MI6 and other ‘secret 
service branch operatives. 

One GCHQ employee said: 
“It. is a ridiculous state of 

Defence trials at the RAFs 
main experimental establish- 
ment. which carried out radar 
tests for the GEC Nimrod 
project, are being delayed 
because of cutbacks in civilian 

Work being forced to the 
back of the queue includes the 
development of a new radio 
for Chipmunk trainer aircraft, 
and tests on a new camera for 
the Scout helicopter. 

The Aeroplane and Ar- 
mament Experimental 
Establishment at Boscombe 
Down. Wiltshire, has shed 650 
jobs during the past seven 
years, in line with Ministry of 
Defence requirements on cost- 

Senior officers at the base 
say the result has been busi- 
ness-style “hot management", - 
deciding which projects must 
be given priority, such as 
Nimrod, and which can be 

The establishment deals 
with about 1 ,000 projects each 
year, some requiring a few 
weeks’ work, others many 

“We feel our output could 
be improved with more 
people,” one officer said. “We 
are somewhat under- 

Officers at the base empha- 
size however, that they are 
able to cope with their work- 
load and the backlog of trials 
is not massive. Boscombe 
Down still has a civilian 
workforce of 1.150 alongside 
180 service personneL 

A Ministry of Defence 
spokesman confirmed that 
staff cutbacks had led to a new 
management style, but said 
delays had affected only low 
priority projects. Those delays 
were measured in days and 
weeks rather than months. 

Duke’s party 
bags 250 birds 

The Duke of Kent and six 

■». — — - UIAIV VI | WU1 dim 9L\ 

affairs brought about by the « uier I 1111 ® bagged 250 of the 
union ban. We have lost more s Pheasants during a 
than 100 of our best people.” j Ve 'v >Ur shoot at San- 
The Foreign Office admits dunng the weekend. 

that there have been staff A Duchess and her • 
shortages among key person- “J^ter, Lady Helen Wind- 
nek but reliable sources main- JP r ’ i? ,ned them for lunch in 
tain the brain drain had more S®,5 Ueen, s timber lodge, at 
to do with staff bang attracted r,tchaxn > Norfolk. 

to do with stan berog attracted 
elsewhere because of poor pay 
levels than with ideological 

Mr Ashdown said: “It is 
ludicrous to divert precious 
resources:, from intelligence 
gathering to ibe administra- 
tion of the. diplomatic 

serviced ■ 

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. • -. -If 

Double murder hunt Druids see in an ancient new year 

as women are 
found a mile apart 


By Stewart Tendter, Cruse Reporter 

Detectives in Wiltshire were say ifthedoor had hrm i<v»torf c, 
Iasi ntght investigating the SmBSS52£5£S2 £ 
murders of two women killed ™ si ™ of S 

th?!^ i ti!!S 11 ^ ea< ? c °!i ,er ,n woman had teen sexually tx 

during tte I ^kend fS ^ ,SbUry as ^ d and strangled. F 

Thw was no sign of bur- B 

bad been sexually 

C L l3 lS fSa,,Sbury assau,! «* and strangled. Y 
dunng the weekend. There was nosSTof bur- 

detectives led by glary, but there were signs of a 

hSd^f' wnSSi^rPn Detectives were yes- 

ntaa ot Wiltshire ClD. were icrday interviewine neoule at 
worlong on the cases. The £ 

murders took place within a hosteL ^ 

m Th? f fSf h ° lb S T - i. . The party was attended by 

J5^L““ der took P ,a f* 12 residents, 22 foanw 
?fiL S™ *2? y mOTnm A tn «wfcms and five staff were 
b ^ r !? ra at , Her : on duty. Miss Pcnctt went to 
ben House, a half-way hostel the hostel after receiving treat- 

f„ r , . ■> —■ — — "W»I SIKI IGKIVUIK lical* 

peopJe recovering from mem at the adjoining Old 

Th? hES?' Hi Manor Psyd^fric Hospital, 

the dead woman. Miss a„., -T 

the dead woman. Miss 
Ruth Pencil, aged 25, had 
been at party with 13 other 
residents, staff and former 
patients. There were 30 to 40 
guests at the party which 
finished about midnight. 

She worked one day a week 
in an Oxibm shop and had 
been receiving treatment for 
eight months. Mr Ralls said: 
“dearly there is at least one 
person at large in the commu- 
nity who is a danger to the 

first murder, they were alerted 
by oficers at Ringwood, near 
Southampton, Hampshire, to 
be on the lookout for a white 
Ford Escort belonging to Mrs 
Beryl Deacon, aged 45. 

The woman, a market re- 
searcher, was due to keep an 
appointment in Salisbury at 
IQam'on Saturday, but did not 
arrive. The two police found 
her car in a car park and then 
checked a lavatory block at 
Churchill gardens near by, a ; 
local council park. 

Her body was found on the 
floor inside a locked cubicle. 
The body was clothed and 
yesterday police said she is 
thought to have died ax about 
I Oam on Saturday from ' 
suffocation after an attack in 
which her head was injured. 
She had been sexually 

Yesterday a spokesman for 
Wiltshire police denied the 
two murders were being 
linked to another killing in 
Hampshire when a barmaid 
was strangled. 

»#■ « # "’V w ■ UflJI 5 *-* tv UK Dflt UtfU VWbU JtAUHljy 

Miss Perreit went up to her public, women in particular, assaulted 
aMin^nSSoSS gf^ner he is caught the ^Y^yospt^for 

Skwl^n!? uf* be ^ I J om was The second body was found two murders were being 
ItKked and the window was early yesterday by two patrol- linked lo ShtTlriUing m 

Yesterday police could not 

Hurd is pressed to Fears over 

review moors hunt BR budget 

By Ian Smith, Northern Correspondent Cllt tilTC^l 

By Ian Smith, Northern Correspondent 
A review of the moors doubts about the value of the 

murders case may be under- 
taken by a senior officer from 
another force to determine 
whether the renewed search by 
Greater Manchester police for 
more bodies should be 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, is under 
increasing pressure to order 
the independent review to be 
carried out immediately, now 
the search of snow-blanketed 
Saddleworth Moor has been 
suspended until spring. 

The official who is likely to 
undertake the reappraisal is 
Mr Colin Sampson, West 
Yorkshire chief constable, 
who this year took over the 
sensitive investigation into 
the alleged Royal Ulster 
Constabulary “shoot to 1011" 
policy from Mr John Stalker 
and then led an inquiry into 
allegations that Mr Stalker, 
Greater Manchester’s deputy 
chief constable, brought the 
force into disrepute. 

Senior Home Office of- 
ficials have privately ex- 
pressed disquiet over the 
renewed search for more 
young victims believed buried 
on the moor by Ian Brady and 
Myra Hindley, arguing that no 
new evidence has emerged to 
justify the operation. 

. Permission for Hindley’s 
24-hour release from 
Cookham Wood jail in Kent 
to revisit the area she fre- 
quented with her former lover 
was delayed for more than a 
month because of ministers 1 

Six held 
over death 
at match 

Six men will appear before 
magistrates in Scarborough 
today to face charges in 
connection with the sudden 
death of Mr Barry Adamson, 
chairman of the town's foot- 
ball club. 

Police last night refused to 
say what charges the six will 
face but said they were not 
Leeds United supporters as 
had been reported earlier. 

A post-mortem examina- 
tion of Mr Adamson was 
carried out yesterday by Dr 
Michael Green, a Home Of- 
fice pathologist, and an in- 
quest will open this morning . 

Mr Adamson, aged 47, a 

costly and potentially dan- 
gerous journey. 

Many politicians too tje- 
lieve a new investigation is a 
pointless press pantomime 
which can bring only further 
anguish to the parents of the 
two missing children. 

Mr Alex Cariile, Liberal 
home afiairs spokesman, yes- 
terday called for the search be 
abandoned and the moors 
murders file dosed unless a 
senior officer from another 
police force and the Home 
Secretary together agreed that 
enough new facts had emerged 
to justify its continuation. 

Mr Cariile said many 
constituents and fellow MPs 
regarded the search as ghoul- 
ish, overdra m a tiz ed and al- 
most indecent Last week he 
evoked an angry response 
from Chief Supt Peter Top- 
ping, bead of Greater Man- 
chester CID, by describing the 
inquiry as a gruesome 

Mr Topping spoke heatedly 
about MPs he accused of 
eagerly jumping on to a media 
bandwagon and criticizing an 
operation about which they 
knew few of the frets. 

Mr Cariile said: “Senior 
Home Office officials have 
spoken to me repeatedly about 
the intense anxiety concerning 
the new investigation. There is 
an ever increasing body of 
opinion Thai it should erid 

Bernard Levin, pa^ 12 

A damning indictment of 
British Rail has been prepared 
by transport watchdogs calling 
on the Government to defer 
its deadline for trimming the 
board's state subsidy. 

The report from the Central 
Transport Consultative Com- 
mittee claims that reduced 
staffing levels have prompted 
women to stop usingathud of 
BR stations for fear of attacks. 

It calls for ministers to 
reconsider the deadline for 
proposals to reduce BR's bud- 
get by £157 million within 
three years, saying that further 
staff cutbacks will exacerbate 
the problem. 

Secretary for the 
committeee, Mr Len 
Dumelow, said: “There is ; 
evidence that in rural areas 
cutbacks on staffing have 
opened up the opportunity for 
assaults, vandalism and 

“IT trains are late or even 
cancelled passengers may 
have some time to wait at a 
station which is not manned 
and they have to be 

The report comes two weeks 
before the introduction of fare 
increases averaging between 5 
and 6 percent. 

British Rail feces a reduc- 
tion of subsidy under the 
proposals from £712. million 
to £555 million by 1989. Buta 
spokesman for British Rail 
strongly refuted the allegation 
that women were frightened to 
use unmanned stations. 

Christmas travel, page 5 

Police defend informer 
in Gandhi conspiracy 

By Craig Setoo 

Senior detectives have de- 
fended their undercover op- 
eration to smash the plot by 

India - as they were sentenced 
and afterwards 200 Sikh 
suporters blocked a road out- 

two Sikhs who were failed for aide the court for four hours. 

Leicestershire police saj< 
Rajtv Gandhi, the Indian 1ha . thp nnArvpnve . 

chairman of the town s foot- prime minister. 
boll club. Jarnail Ranuana, aged 46, a 

Police last night refused to company director and 
say what charges the six will Sokvinder Gill, aged 30, a 
face but said they were not dyer, both of Leicester,, wre 
Leeds United supporters as sentenced to 16 years and 14 
had been reported earlier. ^ impnsonntent respec- 
tively at Birmingham Crown 
A post-mortem examina- Court on Saturday, 
lion of Mr Adamson was They were found guilty of 
earned out yesterday by -Dr conspiracy murder Mr 
Michael Green, a Home Of- Gandhi; and • sobciting two 
nee pathologist. and an in- undercover policemen, who 
quest will open this morning, pretended to be IRA gunmen, 
Mr Adamson, aged 47, a to kill him during his official 
clerk at the Department of visit to Britain 1 5 months ago. 

Health and Social Security, 
who weighed 20 stone, was 
involved in an incident as be 
and Mr Don Robinson, his 
predecessor at Scarborough, 
and now chairman of Hull 
City, went to reason with 
rowdy supporters in an almost 
empty corner of the stadiu m . 

Police were : busy dealing 
with a group who had tried to 
force their way in at the main 
gates without paying and it 
was several minutes before 
they could take effective 

At half-time in the match 
which Scarborough won 1-0, 
the police started to take 
statements and as Mr 
Adamson was assisting he 
collapsed and was dead on 
arrival at Scarborough 

Yesterday police were try- 
ing to piece together the 
sequence of events which led 
to the death at the usually 
peaceful ground. 

Mr Robinson said: “lam 
shattered by all this and I shall 
never try to deal with a crowd 
again. Everything was so 
friendly and then it all went 

Mr Adamson leaves a wife. 
Betty, and a teenage son, 
Andrew, who were both on 
dutv at the ground; Mrs 
Adamson in the club shop and 
‘her son selling programmes. 

Ranuana was additionally 
convicted of possessing a .38 
revolver and supplying her- 
oin. A third man, Parmatma 

Leicestershire police said 
that the use of two undercover 
policemen acting as ERA kill- 
ers for hire and an underworld 
informer who tipped police off 
about the Sikh plot had been 

Defence counsel had ac- 
cused the undercover police- 
men of acting as agents 
provocateurs in a plot set up by 
the police informer, known 
only as John. The informer 
has now, with the help of 
police, gone into hiding. 

Det Insp Albert Shevas, 
head of the Leicestershire drug 
squad, said of the police 
informer “We owe him a debt 
of gratitude. Whatever people 
say about him be put himself 

_ j ■_ C L- 

Marwaha, aged 43, a jeans and his femity at risk and he 
factory owner, also of Leices- gave evidence twice, when he 

ter, was acquitted and 

Mr Justice McCullough 
said: “You have brought 
dishonour on the Sikh popula- 
tion in the United Kingdom." 

Ranuana and Gill shouted: 
“Long live Khalisian” - a ref- 
erence to Sikh demands for an 
independent Sikh state in 

was severely attacked. 
“Without people like him 

coming forward, we would not 
be able to act” 

Parmatma Marwaha, the 
released Sikh, said of the case: 
“If there was any conspiracy, 
it was a conspiracy between 
the British and Indian 

More than 200 people gath- 
ered at Stonehenge in sub-zero 
temperatures yesterday to 
watch the winter solstice sun- 
rise, while chanting Druids 
celebrated the beginning of 
their new year. 

Wiltshire police stood by at 
the 4300-year-old monument 
on Salisbury Plain but made 
no arrests. 

English Heritage, custodi- 
ans of the stones (right), had 
given special permission for 
the celebrants, some of whom 
are shown above, to be admit- 
ted to the inner circle. Groups 
of hippies rhan*«t and held 
hands as the sun rose in a 
cloudless sky and the Secular 
Order of Druids observed their 
rituals w ithin the henge. 

to alter in 
child cases 

By Sheila Gunn 

Political Staff 

The investigation and con- 
dnet of child abase cases is tn 
be unproved by Mr Douglas 
Hurd, the Home Secretary. 

He has ordered an urgent 
study 'of police methods in 
handling the victims of child 
abuse which wfll lead to a 
circular next year, laying down 
new guidelines to chief police 

Mr Hurd said it would be 
similar to the two circulars 
issued on rape, covering the 
investigation of offences and 
treatment of victims. 

This i6 part of a package of 
measures the Home Secretary 
has announced for better 
protection for children which, 
he said, must be a top gov- 
ernment priority. 

These include checks on 
newiy-recrriited staff and 
volunteers in contact with 
children in education, social 
and probation services. 

Mr Hurd promised that 
where a compelling case can 
be made rat for other jobs 
involving access to children to 
be checked, he would consider 
it sympathetically. 

He also said, in a Commons 
written reply: “Those sen- 
tenced to life imprisonment for 
the sexual or sadistic murder 
of children must normally 
expect to remain in custody for 
at least 20 years. 

“Those sentenced to more 
than five years for physical or 
sexual abuse of chOdren will 
be granted parole only ... in 
circumstances which are genu- 
inely exceptional.” 

The Home Office is prepar- 
ing circulars on the treatment 
of children in long-term hos- 
pital care and also on staff 
employed in independent 

A project is under way by i 
the Metropolitan Police and ' 
Bexley social services depart- i 
meat, usmg dolls as interview- i 
tog aids to' help children i 
explain what has barn done to < 
them m cases of abase. 

Mr Hurd said that en- 1 
conraging greater reporting of ‘ 
cases ®l abase was a step 
forward, as shown by the , 
response to the recent Child . 
Watch programme. j 

Letters, page 13 i 

Record takings as 
shops ignore law 

Shops and stores which 
defied Sunday trading taws by 
opening yesterday reported 
record takings for a pre- 
Christmas Sunday. 

Those which opened in 
areas where local authorities 
have banned Sunday trading 
were mainly do-it-yourself, 
furniture and garden stores. 

In London, Greenford and 
Southall were busiest, with 
MFI, W H Smith's Do It All, 
B & Q and garden centres 
doing brisk business. 

“Trade has never been bet- 
ter, all the big D I Ys and 
garden centres around here are 
open today, as well as hun- 
dreds of small shops in 
Southall", the Greenford B & 

Do It All in Edgwarc Road, 
London, said Christmas trees 
were their most popular item. 

“All the competition 
around here has opened - 
Homebase, Texas, Fayless and 
B & Q. 1 don't think the local 
council approve, but business 
is great," the deputy manager, 
Mr Jeremy Hugo, said. 

Some stores were deterred 
by council disapproval Texas 
Homecare in Hayes, north 
London, was forced to dose its 
doors yesterday after a High 
Court injunction. 

Two branches of Wool- 
worth found a way round the 
problem. The Islington and 
Kilburn branches satisfy their 
local authority rules that 
shops may not open seven 
days a week. They open on 
Sundays but close on 

Some who opened yes- 
terday were reluctant to di- 
vulge any details. Halfords in 
Wood Green, north London, 
would only admit that no 
other stores were open in the 

Great Mills D I Y in North- 
allerton, North Yorkshire, 
were open but would not say if 
any others in the group were. 

Many stores said they were 
forbidden to talk to anyone 
about Sunday trading. 

Lord Boyd-Carpenter, i 
chairman of Sort Out Sunday, 
a campaign to rationalize 
Sunday trading, said the Sun- 
day trading law was a 

“The law is out of touch 
with public opinion, the case 
for deregulation is very strong. 
It's ridiculous that you can 
buy pornography on a Sunday 
but not a Bible. This matter is 
bringing the law itself into 

Optimism over annual 
drink-drive campaign 

By a Staff Reporter 

This year's seasonal cam- 
paign against drinking and 
driving has been “well- 
received", the Department of 
Transport said yesterday, on 
the eve of the key period for 
testing its success. 

The department and the 
police have this year tried to 
widen the campaign to cover 
not only the Chnstmas and 
new year period but the year 
as a whole. The £600,000 
campaign hinges on slogans 
such as: “If you drink and 
drive you're a menace to 

The first test of the 
department's optimism is ex- 
pected today, when a number 
of big police forces are likely to 
issue their first figures. 

Already a note of pessimism 
has been struck in Sussex, 
where the head of the force's 
accident prevention unit said: 
“Figures reveal a total dis- 
regard by some drivers for 
their own and other people's 
safety.” Chief Insp Rod Win- 
ter said loo many motorists 
were ignoring the present 

In the past two weeks, 
Sussex police have arrested 
144 motorists for being over 
the legal alcohol limit. They 
are to issue more figures 

Many forces, including the 
Metropolitan Police, have this 
year abandoned mounting ex- 
tra patrols against drunk driv- 
ers in line with the new general 

Blackpool comes clean over polluted beaches 

The twenty-year posh to 
improve the quality of British 

gttp fwwani with the sfartci 
preliminary testing at 
Blackpool's often criticized 

The North West Water 
Authority is to sp^ £1.5 mil* 

! lion on an extensive research 
programme into local tides and 

The move is aimed at help- 
ing choose a sewage disposal 
scheme which will eliminate 
problems caused by excessive 
bacteria content in the water. 

The research, which in- 
volves sophisticated water 
monitoring through radar sur- 
veys and mathematical models- 
and periodic sampling of the 1 . 

beach, is part of a nudtimilKoa 
pound, national dean-op of 

The Victorian legacy of 
short ontiall pipes, which gush 
untreated sewage into the sea 
only, yards offshore, is still 
apparent at some of the most 
famous hariimg spots, includ- 
ing Blackpool, Scarbemugh in 
B 0 fth Yorkshire, $t Ives and 
Penzance In Cornwall, and 
Great Yarmonth in Norfolk. 

Water authorities tfarongh- 
out the cofc itry are inverting a 
total of £280 mOtion in an 
ambitions plan to modernize 
the most ineffective of 
Britain's 400 sea sewago- 

Locally discharged, mi- 
treated sewage is the source of 

bacteriological contamination 
which can cause ear, nose and 
throat infections, upset stom- 
achs and skin rashes to 

The solution is to install new 
onshore sewage treatment 
plants, or pomp the effluent 
Anther out to sea through 
much longer coastal outfall 
pipes, or both. 

The cost is Immense and as 
no government funding is 
available, water authorities 
have to negotiate special loans 
or raise the money throagh 
increases in charges. 

For some authorities, the 
combination of a large coast- 
line, a small winter population 
and a krge influx of tourists in 

summer presents a serious 

The South Wert Water 
Authority, which covers popu- 
lar summer destinations, 
indading Devon and Corn- 
wall, some of Somerset and 
Lyme Regis in Dorset, has just 
monitored 92 beaches, of 
which 25 failed to meet the 
EEC standard for ■ water 

Monitoring is to continue on 
another 92 beaches next sum- 
mer and a £36 miffion capital 
works programme is mder 
way to tackle the worst places, 
but the authority estimates it 
would need to spend £200 
million to meet the 
Government’s stated aim of 
Having 350 beaches around 

Britain comply with EEC 
standards for bathing. 

Notoriously polluted 
beaches can still be found in 
each of the 10 water authority 
districts in En gland and 
Wales, arrording to Mr Tony 
Wakefield, director and 
founder oi the Coastal Anti- 
Poffntion League. 

Mr Wakefield, who started 
the league hi 1950 after his 
daughter contracted polio 
from swimming in sewage- 
ridden' water* said: "Water 
authorities are finally taking 
the problem seriously. They’ve 
• had to. We've given them 
awful publicity and so has the 
EEC. Between ns, we've 
shamed themhafo action.” j 

(Photographs: Nick Rogers). 

claim over 
TV ban 

By Jonathan MiDer 
Media Correspondent 

A BBC television drama 
about the road transport busi- 
ness will not be televised 
pending an investigation into 
the funding of the programme. 

The programme. Night 
Moves, was abruptly cancelled 
on Friday night after the BBC 1 
received allegations that up to 
£75,000 of programme finance 
bad been supplied by the road 
transport industry. 

Company sponsors are 
demanding the return of 
£45,000, representing the first 
two of three instalments they 
agreed to make towards the 

A BBC spokeswoman said 
yesterday that the drama 
would not be shown “until we 
are totally dear about the 
relationship between the 
suppliers of some of the trucks 
and the source of the co- 
production finance brought in 
by the independent produc- 
tion company". 

Mr Jeff Perks, a director of 
the independent producers. 
Riverfront Pictures of 
Wapping, east London, said 
yesterday tie was consulting 
his lawyers and would have no 

The decision to cancel the 
broadcast was taken by BBC 
executives because of fears 
that the financial arrange- 
ments for the programme may 
have violated the BBC's 
constitution, which prohibits 
the televising of sponsored 

Money to make the pro- 
gramme was contributed by 
Volvo Trucks, Pelrofina, 
Ban dag Tyres, the Road Haul- 
age Assotiation, TNT Trans- 
port, Win canton Transport, 
the Society of Motor Manu- 
facturers and Traders and the 
trade magazine Commercial 

• The BBC has delayed the 
transmission of a six-part 
television series called The 
Secret Society presented by the 
left-wing journalist, Mr Dun- 
can Campbell. 

The BBC had intended to 
televise the series on BBC 2 
starting next month. But the 
transmission was cancelled 
and no new date for broadcast 
has been set. 

Pressure on the BBC to 
withdraw the series is being 
applied by the' Freedom 
Association, which is chaired 
by Mr Norris McWhirter and 
which counts among its 
supporters the Conservative 
MP. Mr Winston Churchill. 

A BBC spokesman yes- 
terday said editing of the series 
would be complete in about 
two weeks. 

The spokesman defended 
the impartiality of the series, 
which is undemood to take a 
critical look at the Emergency 
Powers Act, the accountability 
of the intelligence services, the 
use and abuse of data banks, 
the Cabinet committee system 
and the. techniques used to 
protect atomic power stations 
and defence installations, t I 

Five share 

Five readers shared the 
weekly Portfolio Gold prize of 
£24,000, each receiving 

Mrs Caroline Pahnke, aged 
30, a teacher, of Aspley Guise, 
Bedfordshire, plans to use her 
w innings for home improve- 
ments. “My first thought was 
that I could do with a new 
kitchen," she said. “And with 
one son aged 18 months, and 
another buy due in April, the 
bedrooms could be in for a 
facelift too." 

Mrs Pahnke has been a 
reader of The Times for five 
years and has played Portfolio 
Gold since the game started. 
“Winning was a lovely Christ- 
mas surprise," she added. 

Another teacher, Mrs Dorry 
Glockling, of Oxford, plans to 
use her prize money to help 
her children. “I have four 
children, two of them at coll- 
ege in London, which is expen- 
sive, so the money will go 
towards the family." 

Mrs Glockling has been a 
reader of The Times for nearly 
three years, and has also been 
playing Portfolio Gold since 
the game started. She checks 
her numbers during her daily 
journey into central Loudon, 
where she teaches at an in- 
dependent scbooL 

The other weekly winners 
were: Miss Elizabeth Porter, 
of Sarratt, near 
Rickmans worth, Hertford- 
shire; Mr Vjjay Joshi, of 
Lower Hflknorton, Rugby, 
Warwickshire, and Mr An- 
drew Heffernan, of Folke- 
stone, Kent. Saturday's 
dividend reached £24,000 as 
there had been no winners for 
the previous two weeks. 

Three readers shared 
Saturday's daily Portfolio 
Gold prize of £4,000, each 
recriving £1,333. 

Lieutenant Colonel John . 
Watson, aged 64, of Cobham, 
Surrey, plans to ose some of : 
his prize towards a trip to 
Papua New Guinea, where he . 
wil] visit his son. The Lieuten- 
ant-Cofonel, who is retired, is 
a regular raider of The Times 
and has been playing Portfolio 
Gold since the game started. 

Mr Adam Leligdowtez, aged 
29, a plant engineer, of 
Northwidt, Cheshire, plans to . 
spend some of his winnings on 
seasonal celebrations. “It’s 
very useful just before 

Mrs Dorry Glockling, devot- 
ing her win to her children. 

Christmas," be said. “It will 
help cancel out some of the 
debts!" He has been a reader 
of The Times for four years. 

Mr Harry Godwin, aged 36, 
a dvfl engineer from Laun- 
ceston, Cornwall, said his 
family would benefit from his 
win. The Godwin fSaumily, regu- 
lar readers of The Times for 20 
years, play the Portfolio Gold 
game together. Mr Godwin's - ' 
parents, his sister and his annt . 
will share the prize money. “It ' 
was vary good news just before- . 
Christmas," he said. 

Readers can obtain a Port- : 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope . 

to: Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 



Advice service 
for patients 
on blacklist 

A counselling service to try' 
to maintain good relations! 
between doctors and patients - 
is to be tried out in Wales in . 
response to increasing evi- 
dence of a breakdown in. 

The West Glamorgan. 
Community Health Council, 
alarmed by the growing in- 
cidence of doctors refusing to 
treat patients, is to set up a 
counselling service to help 
people whose general prac- 
titioners no longer wish to see 

Community health officers 
believe the counselling is nec- 
essary to help patients get over 
the shock of being refused 
treatment. But they also hope 
that the new service may pre- 
empt doctors from resorting to 
such drastic action. 

Doctors can refuse to see 
patients without giving any 
reason, but there is always a 
hard core, such as the patient 
in Wales who regularly directs 
traffic in the nude, whose 
behaviour doctors find un- 
acceptable. Straightforward 
personality dashes and in- 
creased tensions between the 
surgery and the waiting room 
also take iheir toll. 

In West Glamorgan last 
year, of the 316 patients 
refused treatment by GPs, 67 
had difficulty getting accepted- 
bv another practice. ' 





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an 0800 number pays for you to call. free on 0800 373 373 for details. 

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phone call can’t be bad.) . every business could do with. 

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Home Office 
fails to curb 
release of 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 


Home Office ministers have 
lost their battle to impose 
lighter controls on the powers 
of mental health tribunals to 
release psychopaths from 

in spite of concern about 
four recent cases, where 
psychopathic offenders who 
had been sent to special 
hospitals were released and 
committed similar offences, 
the law is not to be changed 
and tribunals will continue to 
be able to release such offend- 
ers on medical grounds. 

The decision represents a 
victory for Mr Norman 
Fowler. Secretary of State for 
Social Services, who was 
against the Mental Health Act 
being amended so soon after 
its 1983 introduction. 

He argued that the pro- 
posals would not necessarily 
lead to greater protection for 
the public. 

A joint Home Office and 
Department of Health and 
Social Security working party 
recommended tighter controls 
in a consultation document 
published in August. 

ll was compiled after anxi- 
ety concerning a case in which 
a tribunal overruled the 
wishes of the Home Secretary 
and discharged a psychopath 
detained for the manslaughter 
of a giri aged 12. 

On his release James Kay 
committed two serious as- 
saults on women and is now 
serving a six-years sentence. 

Kay was discharged from 
Park Lane special hospital, 
near Liverpool, by a mental 


health tribunal in spite 
Home Office objections. 

In July, Mr David Mellor, 
Minister of State at the Home 
Office, who was a keen ad- 
vocate of a change in the law, 
said that between September 
1983 and the end of last year 
38 patients had been dis- 
charged by tribunals, and four 
were known to have commit- 
ted similar subsequent serious 

The consultation paper pro- 
posed a change in section 37 of 
the Mental Health Act to 
enable courts to send an 
offender requiring treatment 
direct to a hospital; the of- 
fender would spend a speci- 
fied minimum period either in 
hospital or, after hospital 
treatment, in prison. 

Since a judgement by the 
European Court of Human 
Rights in 1981, doctors on 
tribunals have been em- 
powered to release offenders, 
even if there are fears in the 
Home Office that the public 
may be at risk. 

But in a Commons written 
reply, Mr Douglas Hurd, 
Home Secretary, said: “We 
have decided not to proceed 
with an amendment to the 
Mental Health ACL" 

No reasons were given, but 
Home Office sources said later 
that the weight of opinion in 
the consultation exercise had 
been against change, that only 
small numbers of cases were 
involved, and that the 1983 
Act, debated at length, had 
been in operation for only a 
short time. 

Christmas travel 

Extra trains and 
coaches laid on 

By Rodney Cowton, Transport Correspondent 

Hundreds of extra coaches 
and trains will be running 
from today until Christinas 
Eve as transport operators try 
to cope with three of the 
busiest travelling days of the 

British Rail will opo’aie 150 
extra Inter-City services and 
National Express, the long 
distance arm of the National 
Bus Company, will have 1.500 
coaches on the roads. 

Outline of main services: 

British Rail 

• December 22 and 23: Normal 
weekday service with extra 
trains to some destinations. 

• Christmas Eve: Normal 
Wednesday service, with extra 
services early in the day, and 
some evening commuter trains 
cancelled. The system will dose 
by 10pm. with most trains 
starting their last journeys be- 
fore then. 

• Christmas Day and Boxing 
Day: No services. 

• December 27: Normal Sat- 
urday service, although most 
early morning trains will not,' 

• December 28: Normal Sun- 
day service. 

• December 29 and 30: Normal 
weekday service but with re- 
duced commuter services. 

• December 31: Normal 
Wednesday service in Scotland 

RAC is to 
list barrier 

By Our Transport 
The Royal Automobile 
Hub is to supply the Depart- 
ment of Transport with a list 
of dual carriageway trunk 
roads which it regards as being 
of top priority for the installa- 
tion of central crash barriers. 

This comes after an 
announcement by Mr Peter 
Bottomley, Minister for 
Roads and Traffic, that in 
ftiiume die barriers would be 
installed on most such roads. 

but with last trains generally 
running before 10pm. No over- 
night trains except for Irish boat 
trains to and from Holyhead. 

• New Year’s Day: No services 
in Scotland. Inter-City trains 
will not run north of Carlisle or 
Newcastle. No local services in 
north-east England. Most Net- 
work Southeast services will 
operate to a Sunday timetable. 

London bus and 

There will be no bus or Under- 
ground services in London on 
Christmas Day, apart from the 
A1 Airbus to Heathrow. There 
will be special services on 
Boxing Day for buses and 
Underground. On December 29; 
30. 31 and January 2, most bus 
services will run to Saturday 
timetables. Buses and Under- 
ground will run to Sunday 
timetables on New Year’s Day. 

On New Year’s Eve. travel on 
London buses and the Under- 
ground will be free after 
1 1.45pm. 

National Express 

The National Bus Company, 
including its long distance arm, 
will operate very few services on 
Christmas Day, although there 
will be some services to hos- 
pitals. There will be services 
from London to many large 
cities on Boxing Day. 


7UUIW Vi* 

te barriers, designed to p re- 
nt vehicles crossing from 
ie carriageway to the other, 
? installed on most motor- 
iys, but only exceptionally 
f trunk roads. 

ajor roadworks unto Monday, 
nuary 5: 

Most roadworks have been 
her completed or suspended 
■ the Christmas and new year 

xmdon and South- 

l putney: Night lime turning 
itricuons at junction vnth 
06, Roebarapion Lane. One 
ek from today. 

U London: Major roadworks 
Redbridge roundabout 
i 2).M2 Kent Lane restric- 
ns between junctions 5 and 7 
itingboume and Fa vers ham), 
nil end of December. 

10 Kent Contraflow between 
unions 7 and 8 (Maidstone). 

1 December 31. ^ - 

*7 Hampshire: Contraflow 
ir Southampton be* wec “ 
ictions 2 and 3 (A3 1 1 
i7i). No westbound exit at 

Inion I and no ««>boMnd 

ry at junction 3 from 


: West Midlands: Two lanes 

h ways between junciionsS 

i 6 (Droitwicb and Worccs- 
t and some lane closures 

between junctions 4 and 8 
(Bromsgrove and M6). 

M50 Hereford and Worcester: 
Contraflow east of junction 4 
(A449 Ross-on-Wye). 

M54 West Midlands: Various 
lane closures between junctions 
2 and 7 (A449 Wolverhampton 
and A5 Wellington). 


Ml Sooth Yorkshire: Repair 
work between junctions 31 and 
33 (A57 Worksop and A630 
Rotherham). Slip road closures 
at junctions 31 and 32 (Ml 8 

M6 Lancashire: Roadworks at 
junction 23 (Merseyside) until 
end of December. Contraflow 
between junctions 29 and 32 (A6 
Preston and M55 interchange). 
M6i Btacow Bridge, Lan- 
cashire: Construction work at 
Mfr interchange- Lane closures 
both directions. 

M63 Greater Manchester Ma- 
jor widening at Barton Bridge. 
Various restrictions between 
junctions 1 and 7 (M62 and 
A57), avoid if possible. 

M63 Greater Manchester Link 
road from A34. junction 10. to 
M63 northbound, carriageway 
reduced to single lane only for 
bridge painting. 

Wales and the West 

MS Aran and Somerset: Lane 
closures both ways between 
junctions 26 and 27 (Wellington 
and Tiverton). Finishes tomor- 


MB Glasgow: Construction 
work between junctions 15 and 
! 7 (city centre and Dumbarton), 

A 74 Lanarkshire: Contraflow 
south of Abington. 

A£2 Dunbartonshire: Major 
roadworks south of Ardlui.. De- 
lays likely. 

Information complied and sup- 
plied by AA Roadwateh. 

Other roadworks, page 16 j 

Farming surpluses: 1 

Forest planting a 
possible curb on 
food mountains 

As the EEC struggles to contain farm surpluses, for- 
estry is attracting increasing attention as an 
economically and environmentally beneficial alter- 
native land' use . In the first of three articles. John 
Young, Agriculture correspondent, outlines the issues. 

Workmen prepare to lift part of the medieval bridge from a site in Kingston spoil Thames (Photograph: Mark Pepper). 

Medieval bridge put in 
movable plaster cast 

By Pearce Wright 

A special technique was 
developed to preserve the re- 
mains of a medieval bridge so 
that it could be moved and pal 
into storage for two years. The 
foundations and the under- 
croft, or supporting bolt, once 
carried an ancient wooden 
bridge believed to date from 
the twelfth century. 

The ancient remains were 
uncovered at Kingston upon 
Thames, London, during 
archaeological investigations 
before the development of a 
site for the John Lewis stores 
group. It took 12 weeks to 
prepare for removaL 
The method was devised by 

Pynford South, a group of 
specialist structural engineers, 
and involved scraping the 
earth from beneath the struc- 
tures to put steel supports 
underneath in preparation for 
reinforced concrete 
underpinning. * 

The undercroft was fitted 
with supporting struts and 
coated with epoxy resin to 
protect it during the lift and its 
journey on a 48-whed trailer. 
For further protection, it was 
covered with hessian and plas- 
ter that can be easily removed. 

The intention is to return 
the bridge to the site when 
development is complete. 

Teacher who betrayed 
Bamber may lose j*ob 

By Michael Horsnell 

Miss Julie Mugford. who 
betrayed Jeremy Bamber to 
the police, may have to give 
up her career as a teacher only 
a week after receiving her 
education degree from Prin- 
cess Anne. 

During the trial for murder 
of her former boy friend in 
October Miss Mugford, aged 
22, admitted that she had 
smoked cannabis with him, 
accompanied him on a bur- 
glary, and been involved in 
cashing worthless cheques in 

She has since been under 
suspension from the south 
London primary school where 

she taught. She faces a disci- 
plinary hearing. 

Miss Mugford said yes- 
terday: “A lot of what 1 have 
done many other teachers 

Mjss 0 Jtfiigford told Chelms- 
ford Crown Court that 
Bamber, aged 25, had plotted 
for months to murder his 
family to inherit nearly 
£500,000 from his parents. 

He was given five life 
sentences for shooting dead 
his adoptive parents, Nevill 
and June Bamber, his sister, 
Sheila, and her twin sons, aged 
six, at the family home at 
Tolleshunt D’Arcy, Essex. 

On the wall of the office of 
Professor Colin Spedding, 
director for the Centre for 
Agricultural Strategy at Read- 
ing University, are a number 
of maps of land use in Europe. 

The most immediately stri- 
king feature is the relatively 
tiny area of Britain under 
forestry compared with the 
great swathes of gr ee n cover- 
ing much of the CominenL 
Woods and forests occupy 
only 10 per cent of our total 
land; among the developed 
countries of the northern 
hemisphere only Ireland and 
The Netherlands have fewer 
trees. In France the proportion 
is 27 per cent, in West 
Germany 30 per cent, Spain 
31 percent and Finland 76 per 

Nowadays it is easy to forget 
that just os forming was left to 
founder, so the woodlands, 
stripped to supply the needs of 
war and industrial revolution, 
were not adequately replaced. 

Although there have been 
considerable, and frequently 
controversial, replanting dur- 
ing the past 20 years, we still 
import more than 90 per cent 
of our timber and timber 
products, at a cost to the 
balance of payments last year 
of more than £4,500 million. 

The forecasts are that tim- 
ber will become scarcer and 
more expensive. The produc- 
ing countries are also likely to 
switch to exporting the more 
valuable finished product 
A second very important 
reason for planting more trees 
is the general acceptance of the 

need to take a certain amount 
of land out of agriculture to 
reduce surpluses. 

Practically every investiga- 
tion of alternative land uses 
has concluded that forestry 
and farm woodlands make the 
most sense economically and 
offer the only means of utiliz- 
ing unwanted farmland on the 
scale required. 

The Dutch, who have prob- 
ably the most intensive agri- 
cultural structure in the world 
have come to much the same 

The obvious difficulty is 
that forestry provides no 
financial reward for a daunt- 
ingly long period. Apart from 
marginal returns from 
coppicing, it is likely to be 60 
years or so before conifers 
become marketable and as 
much as 150 years before 
hardwoods reach maturity; 
although Britain has one of the 
most favourable climates in 
the world for growing limber. 

There are numerous, and 
frequently generous, grants 
and lax concessions for tree 
planting. But these are aimed 
primarily at large landowners. 

Compensating formers for 
income lost by not growing 
arable crops or keeping live- 
stock is a different matter. 
However the National 
Fanners' Union has cal- 
culated that a realistic annual 
payment for woodland plant- 
ing and maintenance would be 
cheaper than continuing to 
subsidize surpluses. 

Tomorrow: Arguments 

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-Date — - 

T 33 





Bush says Iran 
arms scandal 
hurt his chance 
for presidency 

Christopher Thomas, Washington 
The United States Vice' to the Nicaraguan Contras, he 

President, Mr George Bush, 
has acknowledged that the 

Iranian arms controversy has 
cost him his lead in the race 
for the 1988 Republican presi- 
dential nomination. He said 
he shared the blame for the 

A new opinion poll shows 
that his popularity has fallen 
substantially, leaving him 
with only a marginal lead over 
Senator Robert Dole, the 
Republican leader in the Sen- 
ate. “I wish it hadn't hap- 
pened,” he said. “Everybody 
should share in the blame.” 

While he was “no longer the 
front-runner”, he said it was 
nonsense to suggest that he 
and President Reagan would 
“stay down” in popularity. 

He refused to answer cer- 
tain key questions about his 
role in the affair, saying: “I 
don't discuss inside workings 
of the White House.” Senator 
Dole is doing nothing to still 
the flames of controversy. He 
said that Mr Reagan had not 
yet convinced the American 
public that be had done all he 
could to get at the truth. 

“He urged the appointment 
of a special counsel, he let his 
people testify on the (Capitol) 
Hill, and so on. But there is 
still a lot of confusion out 
there, still a feeling that he has 
to do something bold himself 
to clear the air,” he said. 

A poll sponsored by US 
News & World Report and 
Cable News Network shows 
that as a result of the scandal 
Mr Bush is now the choice of 
25 per cent of those ques- 
tioned. compared to 20 per 
cent for Senator Dole. In the 
past Mr Bush's lead has been 
as high as 37 points. 

Asked whether he and Mr 
Reagan should have known 
about the diversion of money 

said: "I think something that 
important, the answer is yes. 
There are a lot of details that I 
would answer definitively no. 
but something like that. sure. 
In an implied swipe at Senator 
Dole he repeated bis loyalty to 
the President, saying that he 
would not “cut and run”. 

He made his remarks in 
Iowa, where a local poll 
among Republicans showed 
that Senator Dole had over- 
taken him by 28 points to 2S. 
Seven months ago a similar 
poll gave Mr Bush a 34 to 16 
per cent lead. 

According to The Wash- 
ington Post yesterday, the 
Reagan Administration in re- 
cent weeks has sent new 
messages to Iran encouraging 
relations, although arms sales 
would not be part of the 
bargain. The report was de- 
nied by the State Department. 

But the paper quoted a State 
Department official as saying 
that it was important for the 
US to continue making seri- 
ous and persistent efforts to 
improve relations because 
Iran is a key country in a 
strategic area. 

• Khashoggi funds: Mr Ad- 
nan Khashoggi, the Saudi 
arms dealer, borrowed £4 
million from Mr Roland 
“Tiny” Rowland, the British 
businessman, to help to fi- 
nance a secret arms sale to 
Iran. The Sunday Times said 
yesterday (Nicholas Beeston 

The newspaper, claiming to 
have obtained the transcript 
of parts of an American TV 
interview which was never 
broadcast, said the arms 
dealer and Iranian middleman 
approached Mr Rowland, 
chief executive of the Lonrho 
group, to try to raise £35 mil- 
lion for weapons shipments. 

Waite plans Beirut trip 
for new hostage talks 

By Nicholas Beeston 
Mr Terry Waite, the Arch- McCarthy of Essex, and Mr 

bishop of Canterbury's special 
envoy, said yesterday he 
planned to return to Beirut to 
resume negotiations for the 
release of Western hostages. 

He said that the liming of 
his return to Lebanon de- 
pended on whether he re- 
ceived guarantees for his 
security, but he did not rule 
out the possibility of flying in 
to Beirut on Christmas Eve. 

Following disclosures in 
Washington about the White 
House’s arms for hostages 
deal with Iran, he said, his 
mission bad been set back and. 
his contacts had gone 

“In the last two or three 
weeks I have resumed my 
contacts in Lebanon,” he told 
The Times. 

The Archbishop's emissary, 
who was credited with having 
negotiated the release of three 
American hostages until the 
Iran scandal surfaced in 
Washington, will primarily be 
working for the freedom of 
two British captives, Mr John 

Brian Keenan of Belfast, and 
two Americans. Mr Terry 
Anderson and Mr Thomas 

Western sources indicated 
that some progress has been 
made in the case of Mr 
McCarthy, the acting bureau 
chief for Worldwide Tele- 
vision News, who was kid- 
napped in April by unid- 
entified gunmen. 

Mr Terry Waite: Ready to 
resume Lebanon contacts. 

Home again — to a daughter not seen since 1966 

Hero of 
set free 

From Richard Wigg 

After enduring 21 yens is 

jafl as a political prisoner. 
Setter Hoy Gutierrez Menoyo, 
a Spanish- born hero of the 
Cuban revolution, arrived here 
yesterday having been freed fay 
President Castro. 

“At all rimes in prison, in 
tire dungeons, I want to tell 
yon, I felt a solidarity in spite 
of being kept incommuni- 
cado," the former guerrilla 
leader, aged 52, said during a 
brief emotional appearance at 
Madrid's Barajas Airport af- 
ter a direct flight from 

Senor Gutierrez, one of two 
foreign-born “ commandantes " 
who led the fight against the 
Batista regime — the other was 
Senor Ernesto “Che” Guevara 
— was freed in tune for 
Christmas thanks to an appeal 
to President Castro by Setter 
Felipe Gonzalez, the Spanish 
Prime Minister, when visiting 
Cuba last month. 

Though speaking vrith a 
strong voice and looking 
reasonably well when he 

Senor Eloy Gutierrez Menoyo. freed after 22 years in Cuban jails, embracing his daught er . 

thanked Setter Gonz&iez and 
King Joan Carlos for his 
liberation, Sedor Gutierrez put 
off reporters' questioning for a 
day or two. 

“I am overcome with the 
emotions of arriving," he said, 
embracing a 24-year-old dau- 
ghter he had not seen for 20 

The former goerrilla, who 
became disillusioned with the 
Castro regime's growing align- 
ment with the Soviet Union, 
had left Madrid as a child 
towards the end of the QvQ 
War, in which his father 
fought in the Republican 

Sedor Gutierrez entered Ha- 
vana one week before Dr 
Castro, and was afterwards 
given Cuban citizenship. 

Bnt be left Cnba in 1961, 
returning with an armed band 
of Caban exiles living in the 
United States. 

He was first sentenced to 
death in 1965 for “rebellion 
against the fatherland ”, after- 
wards commuted to 30 years' 
jail bnt given a 25-year addi- 
tional sentence in a subsequent 
trial for allegedly leading anri- 
Castro forces from jaiL 
Since the advent of Spanish 
democracy in 1977, repeated 
efforts had been made to 
secure his release. 

Senor Gutierrez, in an inter- 
view with a Spanish reporter 
who travelled with him from 
Cuba broadcast yesterday af- 
ter his arrival, explained his 
changed attitude to the 

He said that he fought in the 
revolution for profound chan- 
ges and that to him it did not 
mean tyranny or repression. 
He denied President Castro's 
claim that he had been a CIA 

He accused the Caban re- 
gime of seeking to break 
political prisoners by forcing 
them “to vegetate completely". 
It was only in the last few 
months in jail that he had been 
able to read any books, he 

Chinese demonstrations may 
herald fresh power struggle 

From David Bona via, Bong Kong 

Observers of Chinese affairs 
here are divided as to whether 
the student demonstrations in 
Shanghai at the weekend are a 
spontaneous affair or yet an- 
other manifestation ' of a 
power struggle in the Chinese 

Shanghai has always been 
volatile and the fiercest strag- 
gles of the Cultural Revolu- 
tion took place there. All the 
members of the now-jailed 
“Gang of Four” — including 
Chairman Mao Tse-tnng’s 
widow. Jiang Qing — had 
Shanghai backgrounds. 

But hardly any violence has 
been reported from Shanghai, 
despite the scores of thou- 
sands of people who have 

reportedly taken to the sheets, 
mostly students, demanding, 
“democratic reforms”. 

Foreign residents in Shang- 
hai yesterday said there was 
no hostility to foreigners and 
the mood of the crowds was 
good, although the police 
seemed to be becoming tense. 

One line of speculation is 
that supporters of Mr Der.g 
Xiaoping, the elder stetesmar.. 
have fomented the demonst- 
rations through the student 
children of officials, to s erve 
notice on less liberal Party 
circles that a return so she 
chaotic politics of the Mao 
period will not be tolerated. 

Mr Deng has promised to 

retire this year, but doubts 

persist about the ability of his 
immediate successors — Mr 
Zhao Z'.yasg. the Prime Min- 
ister. and Mr Hu Vaobang. 
Secretary-General of the Coro- 
rnurtts: Party — :o hold the 
r.r.2 cp:r.5t left-wing pres- 
sures still widespread in Party 
middle echelons. 

Ghser.ers recall that the 
much-vaunred “democracy 
wall” period in Felting in 
was used by Mr Deng 
to zuin popular support for his 
oustir.z of left-leaning mem- 
bers cf the Politburo. Buz the 
rtovcrisr.i which was centred 
cr wall-posters rather than on 
demcc'rtmzior.s. was firmly- 
suppressed when it had served 
its purpose. 

Voyager record bid 

Tired pilots set for early landfall 

From Christopher Thomas, W ashington 

The frail Voyager aircraft is made up to yesterday, there of 15.000 ft ia search of the 

due to touch down in Califor- 
nia's Mojave Desen on 
Christmas Eve; a day earlier 
than scheduled and still with 
plenty of fuel aboard. 

Its two crew, however, 
suffering from exhaustion af- 
ter a particularly violent Af- 
rica crossing in which they 
were repeatedly thrown ag- 
ainst the walls and top of their 
small compartment, have be- 
come forgetful and nearly lost 
one of the two engines after 
they foiled to top it up with oil. 

Mr Peter Riva, the Voyager 
spokesman, said that Dick 
Rutan and Jeana Yeager were 
over the Atlantic when they 
noticed one engine was dan- 
gerously hot. “They were sup- 
posed to check the oil every 
six hours, but had neglected to 
do so for a day and a half. The 
engine was not damaged.” 

Judging from the progress 

was little doubt that Voyager 
was going to achieve the first 
non-stop flight around the 
world without refuelling. Ac- 
cording to data issued on 
Saturday, it had covered 
18^12 miles since taking off 
from Edwards Air Force Base 
last Sunday, and bad about 
7,000 miles to go. 

It was soaring easily o'er 
the Atlantic y esterday, making 
good speed on favourable tail 
winds. But. according to Mr 
Len Snellman. the flight 
meteorologist, a bad weather 
system will block the plane 
from taking a southern ap- 
proach to the United States 
and instead it will have to 
cross Costa Rica to the Pacific 
and turn north, probably up 
the Gulf of California. 

The pilots had to strap on 
oxygen masks and take the 
plane to its maximum altitude 

Atlantic sail winds, before 
reducing height. 

Mr Riva. who talked to boih 
pilots, reported: “Dick said, 
‘I'm tired ar.d 1 want to go to 
bed in California’ ” At the 
time. Voyager was cruising at 
165 raph. 

He said tha: despite having 
to use both engines to climb 
towards the Atlantic tail 
winds. Voyager will probably 
land with enough fuel ieft for 
several thousand miles be- 
yond its 24,GGO-tnile round- 
the-world eaaL 

For a time the pilots had 
feared that they were using loo 
much fuel, but it transpired 
that one tank was leaking into 
another. The aircraft, with one 
engine in front and one be- 
hind. took off with 1,489 
gallons of fuel stored in 17 
tanks in wines, stabilizer 
booms and the fuselage. 







A wide range of positions in Education appears every Monday. 




Activists set sights 
on Canada fur cull 

From John Best, Ottawa 

The animal rights activists organization, the International 

who a few years ago killed off 
Canada's seal fishing industry 
have now switched their attack 
to the country’s fur trapping 

The House of Commons 
Committee on Aboriginal Af- 
fairs and Northern Develop- 
ment prod need a report which 
describes the activists as “a 
wealthy growth industry". 

The report said that the for 
industry and the livelihood of 
about 100,000 trappers, the 
majority of them Eskimos and 
Indians, are in danger of 

“For many native and non- 
native people, trapping is an 
essential part of life." the 
report said. “Yet trapping is 
coming under increasing at- 
tack from the animal rights 
movement, which is opposed to 
any kind of animal nse. Their 
strategy is to eliminate the 
consumer market for fur 

prod nets.' 

More than 90 per cent of the 
fomr million wild for pelts 
harvested annually in Canada 
by trapping, and about half the 
fur garments, are exported. 

Tie committee’s report pre- 
ceded the final report of a 
royal commission on Canada's 
ill-fated seal industry, set np 
two years ago after overseas 
markets for seal pelts had 
collapsed under the weight of a 
determined international 
lobby against the seal hunt. 

The report said that trap- 
ping “‘has always been and 
should remain" an essential 
part of Canada's cultural and 
economic mosaic. As well as 
its SCan 600 million (£300 
million) in direct earnings, the 
industry generates about 
SCan 200 million a year for 
allied industries, such as 

Its bitter antagonist is the 
animal rights movement. One 


Fund for Animal Welfare, has 
more than 500.000 members 
and a net annual income of 
more than $Can 6 million 
within the United States 

In Britain* a centre of the 
anti-fur campaign, groups 
such as the Royal Society for 
the Prevention of Cruelty to 
Animals had moved from a 
traditional position of animal 
welfare, which allowed hu- 
mane nse of animals, to a 
“very strong anti-far pos- 

Pamphlets, films and news- 
paper advertisements used by 
activist groups to sofidt funds 
depict a frenzied and fright- 
ened animal struggling to tree 
its mangled and bleeding foot 
from the jaws of a steel- 
toothed leghold trap hot the 
report says such traps are no 
longer used. 

Sixty-five per cent of ani- 
mals killed for for in Canada 

Of the°ti!e rest! tiro-thirds are 
semi-aquatic and are taken in 
water, the leghold being used 
as a quick-kill drowning set 
The rest are (rapped on fond 
by modem leghold traps, with 
padded or offset jaws. 

The report is sharply criti- 
cal of Canada's foreign service 
for allegedly haring failed to 
stand np for Canadian trap- 
pers *n the face of attacks from 
abroad, and calls on the 
External Affairs Department 
to stiffen its spine instead of 
acting, in the words of one 
witness, tike “an ostrich that 
would really prefer the prob- 
lem to go away". 

It calls on Canadian govern- 
ments — wBfffe is primarily a 
provincial responsibility in 
Canada — to devote more 
attention to trapper education 
and better trapping methods. 


Shultz to meet 
Tambo in US 


Washington — JljCeoiWtSgJ 1 ^^nfofSe Mri«» 
StoteJs to ««*££ month in Washington 

National Congress 

- 15 moT^Aeeking to topp** «he 

recognition rfthe mam guerrilla llie Reagan 

white minority fc not to legitimize * 

Administration lasste*)* 1 ?*-iSTdialogne between the 

-to of .he 

t-iks between Mr Michael ArmacosL roc . *vr 
Se^tmyTstate for Political Affairs and sew ANC 

°® daIS ' Pretoria tightens curbs on press, page 7 

Reporter Iran says 

still held 80 killed 

Harare - The Zambian 
authorities were yesterday 
still holding Mr John 
FHim. aged 41, the Asso- 
ciated Press correspondent 
arrested on Friday while on 
his way to cover recent food 
riots in the conn try's Cop- 
per Belt (A Correspondent 

Friends said that _ the 
veteran New Zealand jour- 
nalist. who was visited by a 
7«mhan lawyer yesterday, 
looked haggard and un- 
kempt when they took food 
and toiletries to him in 
remand prisonJLnsaka has 
still not said why he is 
bring held. 

Tehran (Renter) - More 
than 80 citDians were 
killed in an Iraqi air raid on 
Iran's western city of 
Bakhtaran yesterday, the 
Iranian news agency Irea said that Iran 
would retaliate with 24 
hours of long-range artil- 
lery fire on Iraqi military 
and industrial areas. 

Irna said Iraqi fighter- 
bombers hit residential ar- 
eas of the city- 50 mites 
from the central front of the 
six-year-old war. and at- 
tacked the town of Es- 
lamabad-e Gharb, in Bakh- 
taran province. 

Two die in Goa riot 

New Delhi (Renter) - Troops were called out in Goa test 
night after two people were killed and 14 wounded as rival 
groups battled with guns and iron bars during language riots 
in the popular seaside resort on India's west coast. 

The Press Trust of India said that troops marched into the 
riot-torn town of Margao as a minister's heme was 
ransacked and sabotage blacked out Panajim, the territorial 
capital, which has 80.000 people. 

PT1 said scores of rioters had been arrested in four days of 
violence by thousands of demonstrators demanding state- 
hood for Goa, with the local Knnkani its official language, oo 
the eve of the 25th anniversary of India's takeover of the tiny 
former Portuguese enclave- 





Madrid — The explosion 
and fire which destroyed a 
French-owned factory pur- 
ifying industrial waste near 
Bilbao on Friday night was 
the most costly blow 
against property so for by 
Eta's military wing in the 
Basque country , according 
to insurance experts (Rich- 
ard Wigg writes). 

They put the damage 
around £10 million, and (he 
devastated company is now 
threatening to withdraw its 
operations from the Basque 
region of northern Spain. 

Bonn — A convicted pol- 
ice-killer who escaped from 
a clinic after a September 
leg operation was re- 
captured bj a special police 
unit on Saturday on the 
North Sea island of Sylt 
(John England writes). 

Alfred Leeki aged 48. 
who was serving a life 
sentence for shooting a 
policeman in 1972, is 
known as Germany's “es- 
cape king”. The Bonn 
clinic escapade was his 
fourth escape from custody 
since 1968. 

Quisling quandary 

Oslo — Vidius Quisling, the Norwegian leader under Nazi 
occupation, was also a bigamist, according to lawyers acting 
for his first wife (Tony Samstag writes). 

The traitor, whose name has entered the language as a 
term ofrevflement, has since 1984 been at the centre of a con- 
voluted court case about ownership of the “Quisling 
archive”, documents found in the cellar of an Oslo grocery. 

He married twice. His second wife. Maria, died in 2980, 
and now his first wife claims there was no divorce, and that 
Maria Quisling, who bequeathed all her documents to the 
nation, had no right to do so. 



Mrs Linda Poindexter, 
left, the wife of Vice Ad- 
miral John Poindexter, 
who resigned as President 
Reagan’s National Sec- 
urity Adviser over the arms 
to Iran scandal, was or- 
dained a priest at the 
Episcopalian church in 




From A Correspondent 

Mr Robert Mugabe, the 
Prime Minister of Zimbabwe, 
has announced the demotion 
of Dr Eddison Zvobgo, his 
Minister of Justice, Legal and 
Parliamentary Affairs, from 
his position within the ruling 
Zanu (PI 7 ) Party hierarchy. 

Dr Zvobgo. once thought to 
be among the most powerful 
of his lieutenants, was dis- 
missed at the weekend by the 
Zanu (PF) central committee 
as chairman of its Masvingo 
Provincial Organization. He 
retains his cabinet post- 

Mr Mugabe said Dr Zvob- 
go. aged 51, had been found 
guilty of using “obscene" and 

“tribal lstnc” langimy to a 
superior in the party. 

Observers in Harare believe 
his demotion raises important 
questions about the unity of 
the dominant Shona language 
group in Zimbabwe at a time 
when Mr Mugabe is trying to 
heal long-standing rift with Mr 
Joshua Nkomo’s Zapu sup- 
porters in Matabdeland. 

Dr Zvobgo was at one stage 
the most notable politician 
among the traditionally pow- 
erful Katanga sub-tribe, which 
lives- in the south-part of the 
country around Masvi ngo 
(formerly Fort Victoria). 

A lawyer who spent 10 years 
in detention in Mr Ian Smith's 
Rhodesia. Dr Zvobgo has 
recently been drafting a new 
one-party state constitution 
which Mr Mugabe hopes to 
rintroduce-next year. 

pray for 
6 E1 Gordo’ 

From Harry Debelios 

“The Fat One” is poised to 
land in Spain today with a 
sackful of gifts that would 
make Father Christmas look 
uke Scrooge. 

Spain's annual Christinas 
lottery, the biggest in the 
world, will create a number of 
instant millionaires — in 
pounds — and make dreams 
come true for countless Span- 
tards by distributing £389 
million in cash. 

HI Gordo - “The Fat One” 
T what Spaniards affec- 
tionately call the top prize 
number. With an average in- 
vestment of about £14 in the 

Gnnstmas draw by every man. 
kSS 8 ” ?hi!d, there is 
hardly a Spaniard who is not 
5° pm S for a yuletide visit 
from “The Fat One”. 

m Spam even the biggest 
collect their 

if total, and without delay. 
£*“*5 gnnds to a halt on 
22, the day of the 
h w - radio and television- 
broadcast Lhe event live. 

hminf ccremo "y e 0 ^ on for - 
wS„ Hi, ch . oirboy s pick 
ca^ e £JSn f r° m two wire; 
ha? 65 '™ 0 * 1 in a latBercage 

The othS mber P 3 * 111 * 1 it* 
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prat am °unts painted on 



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Kremlin troubleshooter 
moves quickly to 
soothe Kazakh feelings 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

* ^ member of the Dinmukhamed Kunayev, the riots, there have been un- 



Housing protest turns to battle 

Kremlin hierarchy spent the 
weekend in the central Asian 
republic of Kazakhstan assess- 
ing the implications of last 
week's widespread rioting in 
Alma-Ata, the capital, and 
a Herding meetings with local 

. Tie trouble-shooting mis- 
sion was undertaken by Mr 
Mikhail Solomentsev, a mem- 
ber of the 12 -strong ruling 
Politburo and chairman of the 
Communist Party's control 
commiuee. He was accompa- 
nied by Mr Gennady Kolbin, 
the Gorbachov loyalist and 
Russian national whose app- 
ointment as the republic's new 
Party chief in place of Mr 

veteran Kazakh leader, sp- 
arked ihe protest. 

Western observers say that 
the speed with which a man of 
Mr Solomentsev’s seniority 
was despatched to the area 
was confirmation of the 
seriousness of the street 
disturbances on Wednesday 
and Thursday. 

They noted that a similar 
procedure was undertaken af- 
ter the Chernobyl nuclear 
disaster, when two leading 
Politburo members were rus- 
hed to the Ukraine. 

Although the Kremlin's new 
glasnost (openess) policy has 
not yet run to giving details of 
casualties caused during the 

Thatcher to welcome 
dissident poet today 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Miss kina Ratushinskaya, Moscow planned for this 

in the West to secure her 

Britain in particular cham- 

the Russian dissident poet spring, 
who arrived in Britain last Miss Ratushinskaya, aged 
week, will be welcomed of- 32, who was sentenced to 
ficially by the Prime Minister seven years’ hard labour in 
at Downing Street this 1983 for anti-Soviet activities 
morning and released unexpectedly in 

A spokesman for the Prime °K5?- wTJfT'LEE 
Ministers office said that Mrs 
Thatcher made a point of see- 5J“» a {EL a 
ing all tired dissidents who ln . ^ West *° secure her 
came » Britain after long Brjtajn jn 
terms cf impnsonmenL piooed her ca^wi” writes 

He «aid that she would and clergymen pressing the 
bring ep the issue of Soviet Soviet authorities lor her free- 
humar rights violations and dom, especially when it was 
the imprisonment of dis- known that she had grown 
sidents during her visit to increasing weak. 

Germans Pretoria 

‘helpi®, its curbs 

\jEu2IIl From Michael Him 

Hamburg (AP) - WesgGer- Ne „ restrictions wen: im- 
niM espem me nefly help- ^ on ^ Johannesbing 
mg Colonel Gadaffi 1 to build ESSpapeR at Ae weekend! 
and test missiles in the Libyan p^iing them from cany- 
desert to replace obsolete * ^ or comment at 

Sov,et rockets, according to -Christmas against 

fnp wp«>lrit/ mftd97inp \;p 97I r- M r 

confirmed reports of several 
people killed in clashes be- 
tween demonstrators and 
Soviet militia forces. 

A report by Tass from 
Alma-Ata indicated that food 
shortages may have played a 
pan in fuelling the battles, 
which began with what Soviet 
officials said were student 
demonstrations exploited by 
nationalists and “parasites”. 

The agency said that the two 
senior officials had discussed 
“issues aimed at consolidating 
ties between the city and the 
countryside”. It quoted them 
as calling for better efforts to 
meet food planning goals and 
growing demand. On tele- 
vision Mr Solomentsev was 
seen telling workers: “We 
must increase the harvest” 

The two also visited Kazakh 
State University and the State 
Polytechnic Institute, address- 
ing students and professors on 
the need to respect “the 
traditions of internat- 
ionalism”, an apparent rebuke 
to the nationalist tone of the 

Yesterday they attended a 
special meeting of the re- 
public’s Council of Ministers. 

i i ZiMjf&sBKSBtSzSfiS&if*: 

Riot police and leftist militants dashing Hamburg to protest against the eviction of police tried to separate the militants from 

strike for 

Dhaka — Riot police ringed 
Bangladesh's central prison in 
old Dhaka yesterday as about 
3,500 prisoners continued 
their week-long hunger strike 
to press for freedom under an 
amnesty announced last week 
by President Ershad (Ahmed 
Fazl writes). 

A prison official said that 
the prisoners were; refusing to 
take food unless their demand 
for inclusion in the amnesty 
list was accepted. 

The strikers, who include 
several hundred political pris- 
oners and former indepen- 
dence fighters, are also asking 
for better living conditions in 
the crowded jail. 

12 blasts 

Ajaccio (Reuter) — Twelve 
small bombs exploded in Cor- 
sica on Saturday night, 
damaging pr o pe r ty connected 
with the French mainland but 

in one of several pitched battles that broke tenants from old public horsing due to be the main body of demonstrators after I causing no casualties. 

out m Hamburg daring a weekend palled down next year as part of a road- bank windows were smashed and fire- 
demonstration orer boosing policy. building project (AP reports). crackers thrown at bystanders. Four 

The violence, which left 93 police and About 1,000 extremists wearing masks protesters were detained for assault and 
31 protesters injured, started as abort and helmets and carrying erode weapons disturbing the peace, bat all but one were 

Hied down next year as part of a road- bank windows were smashed and fire- noeoiilf 

aiding project (AP reports). crackers thrown at bystanders. Four uolig aaMUil 

About 1,000 extremists wearing masks protesters were detained for assault and 

10,010 young demonstrators, watched by 
2 JKJ 0 police, marched through central 

like dobs, fought with truncheon-carrying released by yesterday pew 
police, lire disturbances started whan appearances, Hamburg polke , 

Unions boost conflict with Paris Government 

October, was granted per- .Reporting the session, Tass 
mission to leave the Soviet said: “Prime attention during 
Union after a long campaign the discussion was paid to 

ways of overcoming short- 
comings in Kazakhstan’s so- 
cial and economic dev- 

pioned her cause, with writers elopmenL” 
and clergymen pressing the During the meeting special 
Soviet authorities for her free- emphasis was placed on the 
dom, especially when it was need to respond to public 

Mitterrand Unions boost conflict with Paris Government 

snubbed as Alpine holidaymakers hit by 
?!JLESr nationwide transport strikes 

known that she had grown 
increasing weak. 

demands for more consumer 

Pretoria tightens 
its curbs on press 

From Midud Hornsby, Johannesburg 

New restrictions were itn- erable space to black affairs. 

erable space to black affairs. 

As pari of the 10-day Christ- 
mas protest, which began on 


President Mitterrand’s re- 
fusal on Thursday to sign the 
French Government’s decree 
providing for more flexible 
working conditions has so 
angered the right-wing major- 
ity that the Government took 
the unprecedented move of 
forcing it through Parliament 
before it rose on Saturday for 
the Christmas recess. 

In a matter of 24 hours the 
Government turned the dec- 
ree, the equivalent of a frill- 
scale parliamentary Bill, into 
an amendment and tacked it 

December 16, residents of on to the end of another i Bill 
Mack townships were asked to on social conditions which 

the weekly magazine Stem. 

The magazine, which will 
carry its report on the issue in 
tomorrows edition, yesterday 
leaked excerpts to news 

It sakl ; that West German 

the Emergency” campaign in 
black townships. 

The Government's Bureau 
fw Information also placed a 
half-page advertisement in the 
Sunday Times of Johannes- 
burg “to set the record straight 

electronics parts with regard to the scope, pur- 
werebei® shipped to Tnpob p^amT duration of the Em- 
as “air fierabi before brag ^ Regulations affecting 
transported 434 miles south to tte mafia which were promul- 
a secret desert construction gated by the State President on 
and test range. December 11”. 

Electronics expats and en- n, e three papers subject to 
gutters from west Gennan ^ special curbs are The 
research institutes were help- \y ee kj y Mail, a small-circula- 

ing the Libyans to build and 
test the missiles, it said. 

One researcher said yes- 
terday that only a qualified 
spokesmen could comment on 
the report; and none was 

lion liberal weekly, and two 
newspapers written mainly by 
and for blacks, the Sowetan. a 
daily, and City Press. 

The new order, served on 
the three papers on Saturday 
by General Johan Coetzee, the 

S 'ten attributed its report to Commissioner of Police, goes 
documents and records much further, prohibiting 
which it says are being exam- t | lcm from publishing “any 
ined by tbe Karlsruhe report, pamphlet, comment or 
Prosecutor s Office and tier- advertisement or any other 

man 'iictnmc InvKtipilfnn - — ^ 

man customs investigators. 

It quoted an unidentified 
spokesman for the prose- 
cutor’s office as saying that the 
authorities had undertaken 
two investigations “owing to 

news in connection with” the 
Christmas campaign. 

A UDF advertisement call- 
ing for support for the Christ- 
mas protest, which had earlier 
been carried by the three 

turn off their electric lights was coming up for its second 
and light candles between 7 m reading, 
and 9 m on December 16 and Furious at what they consi- 

a gain on December 24, and to dered to be a mockery, the so- 
sing tbe black national an- dalists tried every trick they, 
them, “Nkosi Sikeleli Afrika” knew to delay the last parlia- 
(God Bless Africa). memary session so that the 

The protest was widely Bill and its amendment would 
observed in Soweto on De- not become law. 
cember 16, but both the But the Government, in a 

Sowetan and City Press re- mammoth 24-hour sitting, 
ported clashes between con- forced the Bill through and 
servative blanket-clad Basuto ' 

vigilantes, known as the The discovery bv the French 

Russians , and young UDF ■ / . ?r u g>CW CTy 

raftmiiMi intelligence services of an 

** r arms cache — the third in three 

the townships, enforcing the ZZSm-m tireeStelarts of 
at the Pans on Thursday has led to 

these dashes had nsea lo /gnsan MacDonald writes 

Ln Paris). Those held are 
violence had been fuelled by oodo^ood to come from the 

lit only on December 16 and . . _ 

24 or throughout the 10-day Save it its final Senate reading 
period. as well, enabling it to become 

Under the new censorship, * aw - 
in force since December II, Tbe socialists immediately 
the South African press is sent tbe Bill to France's Cons- 
prohibiied from publishing titirtional Council, which anil 
any news or comment on a judge whether these forcing 
wide range of unrest-related tactics are permissible. 

susp cion of illegal war weap- papers now prevented from 
ons {exports and violations of doing so, was yesterday pub- 

gn trade laws. 

fished by The Sunday Star, tbe 

'em said that the spokes- 1 Sunday edition of Johanne- 

mah declined to elaborate on 

Controversy over alleged 
illegal arms exports arose in 

sburg's daily evening paper. 
The Star. 

It remains to be seen 
whether the police will now 

Bonn last month after allega- ^ 5 ^ The Star, which has a 
lions that a Hamburg ship- circulation of more than 
builder sold submarine blue- 200 . 000 , a large proportion of 

builder sold submarine blue- 
prints to South Africa with the 
tacit approval of the Federal 

The conservative-led co- 
alition of Chancellor Kohl has 
denial having approved the 
bluepant export. But, under 
opposition pressure, a par- 
liamentary commission will 

meet next month to study the 
allegations. _ . 

Stem said that Colonel 
Gadaffis missile construction 
range vas located in the 
Sahara near the Ghat oasis, 
where tfie borders of Libya, 
Niger and Chad converge, it 
described the area as 
“Gadaffi’s main 


The new missiles were in- 
tended' to have a 300-mue 
range aid to allow the Libyans 
to place in reserve older Soviet 
Scud and Frog rockets. 

Sten did not say when the 
missik project began. 

200 . 000 . a large proportion of 
which is among black readers, 
and which devotes consid- 

ma tiers, and from reporting a 
catalogue of statements de- 
fined as “subversive”. 

• Body found: The Bureau 
repeated that the body of a 
man who had been burnt to 
death, was found in KwaNob- 
uhle, near Port Elizabeth, on 
Saturday, and that 22 people 
were arrested and two injured 
when the police used birdshot 
to disperse mobs stoning 
houses and vehicles in other 

Botha for Swazi talks 

Johannesburg — The Sooth 
African Foreign Minister, Mr 
RJF.-Pik” Botha, right, will 
meet Mr Sotja Din mini, the 
Prime Minister of Swaziland, 
in Mbabane, the Swazi cap- 
ital, today in an attempt to 
reduce the tension created by 
armed raids into Swaziland 
(Michael Hornsby writes). 

Just over a week ago Sooth 
African forces abducted two 
Swiss nationals from Swazi- 
land, chiming that they wore 
agents of the outlawed African 
National Congress, only to 

release them a day later after it 

fr fyame dear that they had 
seized the wrotg people. They 
also abducted Mr Danger 
Nyoni, an assistant restaurant 
manager, and shot dead his 

teenage son. Mr Nyoni was 
released the same day. 

Another man and a woman 
were also seized and are still 
Bussing. Pretoria so for has 
offered no apology or explana- 
tion for the raids. 

If it gives the Bill and its 
amendment the grren light it 
will become law; if not the 
amendment will probably be 
presented as a Bill during tbe 
spring parliamentary session. 

M Mitterrand’s refusal to 
sign the decree, his third since 
the right came to power in 
March, had the backing of 
trade unions, who saw 
workers’ rights and their own 
power diminished under the 
proposed decree. 

It allowed for flexible work- 
ing hours, including night 
work for women, so that a 
basic number of hours could 
be calculated over a period of 
different shills. It also allow- 
ed, in certain cases, for direct 
worker negotiation with 

M Mitterrand said that it 
upset the social status quo and 
that such proposals should go 
through Parliament The Gov- 
ernment replied that it was a 
foundation of their policy of 
creating more jobs by creating 
more flexible conditions and 
that the President was block- 
ing their ability to govern. 

This revenge on President 
Mitterrand can also be seen as 
a Government morale-boost- 
ing operation in tbe face of 
student agitation and strikes. 

Defeated Trinidad opposition leader resigns 

From Jeremy Taylor 
Port of Spain 

The new Prime Minister of 
Trinidad and Tobago, Mr Ar- 
thur Robinson, has assigned 
no fewer than four ministers 
to wok on the reconstruction 
of th? islands’ economy. 

Asne worked to install a 1 4- 
memKer Cabinet at the week- 
end his predecessor. Mr 

Gcor £ Chambers, resigned as 
leadoof the defeated Peopje s 
National Movement (PNM), 
which had been in 
30 yiars. In last weeks general 
election Mr Robinsons Na; 
tional Alliance for R econs- 

tains the Finance and Econ- 
omy portfolio, but has named 
two ministers to work with 

is MrSelwyn Richardson, who 
held the same post in the 
1976-81 PNM Government, 

him: Mr Selby Wilson, an when he made his name by 
accountant who was once campaigning against coirup- 
general manager of the tele- non. 


Mr John Humphrey, an 

Trev-or Siidam an Mono- developed a 

mist He also named mt succe$s foj 1 ^ distribution 

Winston Dookeran, a univer- 
sity lecturer in economics, as 
Minister of Planning and 

The crucial energy sector, 
which supplies most of the 
national revenue, now has a 
professional petroleum en- 
gineer, Mr Kelvin Ramnalh, 

scheme supported 

Mr Robinson has estab- 
lished committees to assess 
the state of the economy and 
to ensure a smooth transfer of 
power. Police guarded min- 
istries at the weekend to 
prevent the removal of files 
and documents and Mr 
Robinson was studying a se- 
cret report on drug trafficking, 
which the outgoing Gov- 

tional Alliance tor ^ ^isier. Mr Basdeo 

1 ruction wo" a . Pandy, aged 53, one of two 

seats tc three in feHjjUK gf NAR leaders and a 


deputy NAK teaaers ana a women/ a™ jcuuua 
veteran union leader who was Johnson (Youth, Culture and 

NAR, is named Minirter of “T 

Works, Settlement and Infra- S p iT5?NAR^ 

structure, and Mr Lincoln 

^e^AR^ra^lmost 66 

&!!? oJfS ™ 16 V* 0311 of foe vote, while the 

Exploitation and Forestry. pm^ percentage fell from 

Other new ministers are Dr 52.6 in 1981 to less than 32 per 
Emmanuel Hosein (Health, cent The left-wing National, 
Welfare and the Status of Joint Action Committee won 
Women) and Ms Jennifer 1.46 per cent, barely half its 

1981 share, and the People’s 

— 1 y%urine VCICiaJl uiiivii iwvv« ^ - — > — 1 — — — 

econonic terms and growing DDOSil j on leader since 1976, Creative Arts). Ministers for Popular Movement, standing 
unemtfoyment were majui Affairs- Minister. Education and National Sec- for the first time in 14 seats, 

issues. . . The new Attorney-General, urity are to be named today, won 0.1 4 per cent 

Mr Robinson hunselt re- i 

The fears of M Jacques 
Chirac, the French Prime 
Minister, that greater social 
unrest would develop if he 
gave way to students* de- 
mands, appear well founded. 

France is in the grip of a 
wave of transport strikes 
which are seriously disrupting 
the well-laid plans of Christ- 
mas holidaymakers. 

Most seriously hit are tbe 
bains. Localized strikes which 
began on Thursday have be- 
come nationwide as tbe Com- 
munist-backed CGT union 
has joined the Socialist CFDT 
union in calling out its men. 

Add to that a strike try 
seamen and a two-day air 
strike by Air Inter personnel, 
all of which coincide with the 
end of the French school term, 
and a picture of confusion and 
frustration emerges with hol- 
idaymakers waiting around 
stations and dozing in corners. 

SNCF, the state-owned rail- 
ways, brought in a minimum 
service plan over the weekend 
to ensure that most of the 
prestigious high-speed TGV 

From Susan MacDonald, Paris 

trains got away from Paris to 
ski resorts in the Alps. 

However, striking railway 
workers at Chambety, Savoy, 
managed to block several 
trains in the station, ft took 
about an hour before some 
1,000 passengers could be 
transferred to coaches to con- 
tinue their journey. 

Passengers hurled verbal 
abuse at the strikers as tbe 
transfer took place, and police 
reinforcements were called in. 

The link between tbe Chan- 
nel ports and Paris was en- 
sured by coaches carrying 
passengers who would nor- 
mally have travelled by train. 

Paris suburban trains were 
badly hit, with only about a 
quarter of the trains r unnin g. 
Today will be even worse, as 
Metro workers are due to start 
a three-day strike. 

Ferry services between Cor- 
sica and the mainland have 
been severely hit, and die 
Government has authorized 
an Italian ferry company to 
ran between Corsica, Mar- 
seilles and Nice. 

New York (Reuter) - New 
York police are hunting for a 
gang of about 12 whites who 
assaulted three blacks, one of 
whom died when he was 
struck by a car when fleeing. 

Safe haven 

l wup' kxr San Jose (Reuter) -A Costa 

■ J, D I I B l y Rican judge has turned down 
w a Soviet request to extradite 
>4- - ■ d -!■! . I-..- . Mr Bobdan Koziy, aged 62, a 
X Sill K PS former Ukrainian policeman 

charged with Nazi war crimes, 
saying that they were, no 
longer punishable because of 
Corsican families working the long period since they 
a the mainland who are occurred. 

trying to get home for Christ- n7 • 

mas have been stranded and w earner wins 

Corsica’s important mandarin _ . , -p Q ■„ 

crop, which has been picked to Ba 5 e T ^ 

reach tbe mainland for Christ- mmhm j* J* 
mas, is in danger of rotting men tal organization Green- 

before it can reS. the shops* 

Many of those heading for °“ *?p of a 395 ft chemicd 
the sld resorts changed their chunney when high 

plans in the fecetfthe train teexa ^ t ^f r ^ 

strike and decided to go by 2,1(1 morc snow were forecast 

ln two areas roads were also Wrong man 

blocked on Saturday by hun- 
dreds of demonstrators pro- 
testing against the closure of a 
Pechiney factory in one in- 
stance and traffic jams on 
local Alps roads in the other. 

The tact that the railway 
workers have chosen the 
Christmas period to go on 
strike threatens to make them 

They say they want im- 
mediate negotiations with 
SNCF management on sal- 
aries and working hours. The 
SNCF has set January 6 as the 
first date for negotiations. 

Nairobi (AP) — A teenager 
mistook his father for a thief 
and slashed him to death with 
a machete at the door of their^ 
home, the Daily Nation news-’ 
paper reported. 

No dongh 

Tel Aviv (Reuter) — Some 
Israeli bakeries are refusing to 
make sufganiot — traditional 
jam-filled, deep-fried dough- 
nuts — for the Jewish 
Hanukka festival because the 
Government has fixed maxi- 
mum prices they can charge. 


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. mu -mis form may BE used 

10 S noi omnaiAr raOaaoad aoM an proanona ol ponoaoh 19. M Saoct an8 oa noed on 1 7ch JAr 

XB4 Tht «alaa cf Aa uncoil on naoi mi a*botaM al aaOpa u M wm ol Aa mam b *• TENDER FORM ■ 

muw aar ouangMUaiKinaSiock MtheUMaKnytoniGaM af ol Waaal Am rmraaaieo tor *o _ , . .. .... _ 

Dtoarmam ra tnabpnM. or am htaar maiOi mo, nouca mar Mm lot M napnua oi » mwacKa. Th»*tQrm must be lodged at the Bunk Of England. New Issues (M|, Mtatfing 
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Mreumnata Baton ban . . . . . . . DECEMBER 1986. or at any of the Branches of the Bonk ol Englmd or at 

^^ c ^^ rtE ^^^ l ^ 3 - 30PM - 0N 
maau cj km v mcrati and Aa Aden tsmooBcfcJ&m to art ratakti w8 E» aqaal w Aa MOT, loan acetuofp MONDAK 29TH DECEMBER 1986. 

apoac M B id Aa iwmamdi ■ 

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moan taaaa par a Tim annas. om a ti a H a, mnk xaaaig m In 
aaai ban baton BMbaMnoumdbvnateMialE^AAaBMiaMrMa 

13 Oral an bo patotito M-voafpoo IWi Janar* aod I7lh JM hooaio M nObe (MrkKIBd Hon 
pafmarta ol au Oran C5 oar ana baaraal nonarra an M lonuniiad tn pan 

M Tba krai amraa* paimaiil an bo irada ao IWiJbtr *987 nnarna nl Cl IN»M f 100 iuimii ol 
lb txh aonooMM Mi .i aVn. a i baw <at,ai me. pot nop nanB o< Swca. ol Cr 2b 

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ran hmr l-a~ l*n Hi a rta iif — . r-tnaV n — 1 -|-| OBCarrawr 13HC SS »Ofc)WS.— 

■7 ■MtoM»aiwafluaiM»iMaaitarMSwr» aaaaai iMBnBaan tor Ac putpoca. aw Amount of Bbawe-mentioned Suck tendered foe being a minimum of 

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u an nmraii a nwch nnmrima nkaa ntoca aid Hr m wanu wa' l»a« rh. ran mown ol paitiMaH a™, 

TIM noooral war, bgma W oa qanmwo By i Mam m§ ab UM ham tpn anAeaM to ua mono at «™*"or »«« « anaereamr MuBjm 1. NOUNAL 

onftMnBtfMMdEa tvrconmcNMaatai itoiiKiNliDnMBclinaiMadaidaiitibeMOandiA^qiiiB V^uu-^i-ww Eiw AMOUNT OF STOCK 

ISSUE BY TENDER OF £600,000,000 

2\ per cent Index-Linked 
Treasury Stock, 2024 

I/We tender in accordance with die terms of the prospectus dated 19th 

POOJC1 b|T M oaa> baaa Inae to M saaw a 
■mk auaana Mng M Uaol am Snack. 

ttaa laocaowe an Be aaad to aattr 

£1.000— £3,000 


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■ ly india o AIVM ban, appkcaoh w 

Acnotmtel dapoatt anetoied, batng £30.00 far 

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aitoii»^«tactotolMato<nantan«nna» ^ura^ ktol 

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lMltal|WB*aMWIA>|0WftVH0Cl ror 

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i money on any 

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SAAnH laur Itiaii 1000 A.M. ON TUSSBW WIN KCBIBCII ISM. oral torol*e8Momas<>ltae — ■■■■ - 

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of. or on behdf of. toiderei 

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B t*« k md m naartolat one aia>MH artel OBBBHaaaAMHu nrt aiJaafaSA. 






Top donors seize control 
of UN spending from 
Third World majority 

v v- - ' • 

From Zoriana Pysariwsky, New York 

The United Nations, which 
has a reputation for spending 
money with a sense of sheer 
abandon, will have to shed 
some of that notoriety. The 
4!st session of the General 
Assembly, which rose at the 
weekend, has approved re- 
forms which give major do- 
nors a mastery over the 
budgetary process. 

The package was the result 
of a campaign by Britain, the 
United States and the Soviet 
Union — three of the main 
benefactors — who formed an 
unusual alliance to stem 
expenditures, which, on pa- 
per. have led to the regular 
UN budget more than dou- 
bling over the past 10 years to 
$840 million (about £560 
million) for 1986. 

Diplomats predict that the 
UN is entering a new era now 
that control over spending has 
finallv been wrested from the 
Third World majority. More 
than 70 member nations pay 
less than 2 per cent of the 
entire budget. 

General Vernon Walters, 
the US Ambassador, saw the 
victory as “a great day for the 
United States and a great day 
for mankind". But, on the 
other hand, to Zimbabwe's Mr 
Isack Mudenge. the reform 
package contained “the poten- 
tial for subvening the demo- 
cratic principals governing the 

In essence the Third World 
majority was forced to hand 
over power after Washington, 
which under the UN Charier 
is obliged to pay a quarter of 
the organization's expenses, 
withheld more than half of its 
S2 10 million contribution and 
forced the UN to live from 
hand to mouth. Although the 
need for austerity was cited, 
the US cuts were dearly a 
backlash to the ami- Ameri- 
canism that has seemingly 
formed the lifeblood of the 
UN for more than two 

tify the existence of many new 
programmes while the watch 
and the wait for peace 

Under the new rules the UN 
will aim to reduce its 14,000 
staff by 15 per cent, and cat 
kick on meetings, travel and 
documentation — which is 
enough to paper a path to the 
moon every year. For the first 
time there will be a predeter- 
mined budget ceiling and the 
21-member committee for 
programme and co-ordina- 
tion, in which the largest 
donors will flex their muscle, 
will have the power to ap- 
prove the size and priorities of 
each budget 

After the resolution was 
adopted General Walters said 
that it would straighten 

‘Major success’ 
for US policies 

Mr Alan Keyes, the US ass- 
istant Secretary of State, said 
that the 13-week assembly 
session had been a “major 
success" for the policies of the 
Reagan Administration (Reu- 
ter reports from New York). 
Although many had insisted 
that the United States would 
not succeed in creating an 
environment for change in the 
world body, “one sees a steady 
progress towards the goals 
that we had defined as nec- 
essary for the improvement of 
the United Nations,'’* he said. 

The size, redundancies and 
ennui that permeated the UN 
bureaucracy had become leg- 
endary- Its political organs, 
including the Security Council 
and the General .Assembly, 
had provided the secretariat 
with a plethora of world 
problems to settle. 

But while solutions were 
rarely forthcoming, contin- 
gency plans were kept and 
reports filed to somehow jus- 

greatly his hand to lobby 
Congress to restore funds to 
the UN. 

But diplomats here believe 
that one of the imponderables 
is the mood of the US 
Congress and whether the 
carefully crafted formula for 
reform will satisfy its 
hardliners. If Congress does 
not respond favourably, the 
entire reform edifice could 

Among other issues that 
dominated the 4 1st session 
was mounting concern that 
many of the special rap- 
porteurs appointed by the 
Human Rights Commission 
to monitor compliance with 
international standards had 
failed to assemble information 
fairly and even-handedly. 

Their reports on Chile and 
Iran were criticized widely by 
diplomats and human rights 
activists for having come close 
to whitewashing. In the case of 
Iran, the report dealt almost 

exclusively with attempts to 
persuade Tehran to allow in 
an inspection team. 

In the past the reports have 
been viewed as the definitive 
assessment of the human 
rights situation in a given 
country, with advocates say- 
ing that they have saved lives. 
But it is noted widely that the 
rapporteurs have begun to 
bend over backwards not to 
offend governments and are 
belittling claims presented by 
opposition parties. 

The Soviet Union was the 
target of a double-pronged 
censure at the weekend. It was 
charged with committing 
atrocities in Afghanistan, and 
its much-heralded withdrawal 
of 8,000 troops from the 
territory In October was dis- 
missed as a hollow propa- 
ganda gesture. 

France; which had managed 
to avoid criticism, was told to 
bring the South Pacific terri- 
tory of New Caledonia under 
UN oversight. 

An iwsuccesfui Arab chall- 
enge to Israel's credentials in 
the assembly revealed the 
potential for further Israeli 
diplomatic inroads into Africa 
and signalled, all but formally, 
the end of the traditional 
Arab- African alliance which 
once radicalized the UN. 

At the same time, the 
Palestine Liberation Organ- 
ization regained some of its 
political relevance in the de- 
bates on the Middle East as 
the Palestinians began to 
adopt a more united front in 

Britain suffered its most 
severe diplomatic defeat over 
the Falkland Islands as 116 
countries voted for Anglo- 
Argentine negotiations on 

Britain, as President of the 
Council of Ministers of the 
European Economic Commu- 
nity. had the task of delivering 
statements on behalf of the 
T wel ve on issues ranging from 
information to Israeli policy 
on the West Bank. 

The UN view was that 
hundreds of hours were spent 
by EEC representatives draft- 
ing speeches which because of 
its lowest common denomi- 
nator approach were decid- 
edly innocuous: but that 
Britain's talent for spell-bind- 
ing delivery made the state- 
ments sound more important 
than they really were. 

Syria troops take control in Tripoli 

The steeple of the former St Mary’s Roman Catholic Church 
in Buffalo, New York state, crashing to the ground as fire 
guts file 137-year-old church, which was dosed in 198f and 
has since been sold. No serious injuries were reposted. 

Pakistan Cabinet 

rFi" under Tind emans r 

Belgian presidency to *¥* ® 
foreign policy its prioritj 

From Richard Owen. Brussels 
, P Fr - 4 excess*™ farm spending, and 

On fiie eveof EECs «f^ TOinjc s!rua! :on us 

thirtieth amurersarj. -Mr i^o Sr 

rurfemns. to Belgan for- ^ on?rcccde B,«j 

over an 
menhir? hadprt- 


rUcr Belgian priuntiev «*- 
liruiHiwitfal I*** 

OJ aHiinniig A ^ mw , - 

pean fbfefep-poBcy initiatives 
and consolidating mov« to- 
wards Enropeaa integration. 


provides for mnrc 

the Cocnril 

I«.ES gEte .i l/Uw-fc-SSSLjf £. Beipa? ?2*Z*J* 

resignation scorned 

From Hasan Akhtar, Islamabad 

From Juan Carlos Gumudo, Beirut 

Syrian troops in tanks and 
armoured cars yesterday con- 
trolled the streets of Tripoli 
after a two-day battle with 
Sunni Muslim fundamental- 
ists which left 30 people dead 
and more than 60 hurt in the 
northern Lebanon coastal city. 

Fighting stopped after the 
Syrian Army eliminated resis- 
tance by the pro-Palestinian 
“Tawheed Island" or Islamic 
Unification Movement. 

The battles are a brief but 
violent extension of the latest 
round of the “war of the 
camps" between PLO guerril- 
las and the Shia Muslim Amal 
militia both in southern Leba- 
non and in Beirut 

They are also a sign that the 
PLO and its allies have re- 
gained enough strength to defy 
the Syrians and to drag them 
into open confrontation on 
Lebanese soil. 

The “Tawheed** is a pro- 
Iranian Sunni Muslim militia 
traditionally loyal to Mr 
Yassir Arafat, chairman of the 
PLO. It inherited much of the 
military hardware left behind 
by the guerrillas when they 
were expelled from northern 
Lebanon by pro-Syrian 
Palestinian factions in 1983. 

Last year die group was 
nearly destroyed by the Syrian 
Army, which maintains about 
25,000 troops in northern and 

eastern Lebanon under a 1976 
mandate of the Arab League. 

In Beirut meanwhile, tanks 
of the Shia Muslim Amal 
militia shelled die ruins of the 
small Palestinian refugee 
camp of Chatilla and the Botuj 
el-Barajueh camp in a relent- 
less effort- to dislodge Palestin- 
ian guerrillas. 

The battles came as Iranian 
negotiators straggled in vain to 
stop the fighting, which has 
claimed about 700 lives since 
November 24. The attempts 
were on the brink of collapse 
after Libya, which is also 
involved in peace talks in 
Damascus, sided openly with 
the Palestinians. 

The Pakistani Opposition 
has scorned the weekend 
resignation of the Cabinet of 
the Prime Minister. Mr 
Muhammad Khan Junejo. in 
the wake of a week of distur- 
bances in Karachi to enable 
him to form a new Gov- 
ernment to deal with the 

Mr Junejo. the country's 
first civilian Prime Minister 
after more than eight years of 
martial law, obtained the 
resignations of the members 
of his Government — some 40 
Ministers, Ministers of Stale 
and advisers — at a Cabinet 
meeting in Rawalpindi on 

Although an official press 
statement emphasized that 
Saturday's resignation were 
not related to the situation in 
Karachi, the Opposition de- 
scribed it as a cosmetic change 
intended to impress the 

Several Opposition leaders, 
including Miss Benazir Bhu- 
tto, leader of the Pakistan 
People's Party, said that the 
political situation demanded 
the immediate resignation of 
General Zia as President and 
the chief of the Army, and of 
the Sind Government, under 
which Karachi’s worst ethnic 
riots have claimed an es- 
timated 160 lives to date. 

There is speculation that Mr 
Junejo will form a new Cabi- 

net hi the next day or two and 
will then deal with the ques- 
tion of the Sind Government, 
which apparently has failed to 
solve the disputes between the 
Pathans and the immigrants 
from India living in Karachi 
and other parts cf Sind. 

This is the second Cabinet 
reshuffle since he was nomi- 
nated as Prime Minister by 
General Zia tii-Haq. Paki- 
stan’s military ruler, in March 
1985. The first in January, 
followed the lifting of martial 
law on December 31, 1985. 

Government party sources 
said that his latest action was 
intended to rid the Pakistan 
Muslim L e a gue Government 
and parliamentary party of 
corrupt or disloyal elements. 

But many in theOpposition 
believe thatit demonstrates 
his party’s inherent weakness 
in face of the crisis. 

Meanwhile, according to 
reports from Peshawar, an 
airfield under construction at 
Parachinar. close to the border 
with Afghanistan, was dam- 
aged during a rocket attack on 
Friday night 

Officials did not identify 
those responsible. The attack 
followed tribal agitation 
against the construction of a 
link road leading to the Paki- 
stan-Afghanistan border 
which may be being built for 
defence purposes. 

play a “calming . . 
rote** in both fit® Middle East 
and Central America in the 
wake of the scandals, sur- 
rounding American policies on 
Iran and Nicaragua. 

Mr Trade mans takes over 
from Sir Geoffrey Howe as 
President of the EEC Council 
of Ministers in a little more 
a week. He is un- 
dismayed that tire March 
anniversary ef the Trwiy^of 
Rome wQl coincide with 
strains in the Community. 
adntfing an “aabelievahly 
difficult" budget crisis. 

“There are now Twelve 
where there were Six. and 
what we are going t hrough 
does not compare to the found- 
ing fathers* great labour of 
creating a masterpiece from 
scratch," he said- 

The fire-fit room in the 
government chateau where he 
receives h is guests was the 
venue for the negotiation of the 
Treaty in 1956-1957. A plaque 
ea the wall commemorates the 
fact m several European lan- 
guages. “I am only sorry it is 
not in English, too." he says 
wryly. “I was brought up on 
British di plomati c history and 
Britain's rale in Europe". 

Belgium. like other smaB 
EEC nations, is deeply com- 
mitted to tiie European ideal 
precisely because — unlike 
Britain or France — it no 
longer has a wider world role 
of its own. It welcomes, never- 
theless. what it sees as a more 
committed British attitude to 
the Conmanity. 

Under British leadership, a 
start has bees made on 
reforming the common agri- 
cuftuni policy, which in turn 
will make rt easier to restruc- 
ture EEC fimwgs as a whole. 
SimOarfy, Britain has paved 
the way for EEC policies cm 
cheapo* air fares and the 
completion of the internal 
market and has presided over 
co-ordinated foreign policy 

This is reflected on the list 
of EEC priorities Mr Trade- 
mans sketches (Hit for the 
coming year. Top of the list is 
the budget crisis caused by 

the Twelve by antagonizing 
the southern states who bene- 
fit most from the regional 

Belgium also has to dent 

with the detailed consequences 
of the farm cutbacks for 
Europe’s formers. Mr Trade- 
mans is putting great store on 
the budget proposals to be 
made by M Jacques Delora, 
the Commission President. He 
refers repeatedly to "the 


new dwisioo-makiug 
dures ia the council will 
to be worked out. 

the top trf Ihe 
foreign poliev 

Mr Tindemans: Confident 
of weathering budget crisis 

Defers package" saying that 
EEC leaders should po t nave 
been surprised by the French- 
man's warnings of crisis at the 
London summit this month. 

M Delors is no: due to 
report to EEC foreign min- 
isters until February, so "two 
mouths will be lost". Mr 
TindemaBS said. 

The Belgian presidency 
p lans to convene a special 
EEC summit in March, al- 
though Mr Tindemans. mind- 
ful ofSlrs Thatcher’s skill of 
avoiding controversial issues 
at the London summit, argues 
that "bilateral contacts" be- 
tween EEC leaders may serve 
the purpose. 

He does not want the Bel- 
gian presidency marred by a 
row over increasing national 
VAT contributions — not due 
to go up from 1.4 per cent to 
1.6 per cent until 1988 - or 

But near 
priority list * 

Mr Tindemafl*. "ho "** 
gian Prime Mimsfer m the 
70s. is preoccupied "fr 
eien policy and has a * 1 *“***■ 

continuity in European 
mao from the Conprtf* flf 
Vienna to the present day. 
Under the British presifcncy 
the most prominent ferefe? 
issues were South Africa and 
international terrorism. 

Although conscious of the 
enormous difficulty of co- 
ordinating 12 national po- 
sitions, he aims to mike the 
EEC a world force in bereral 
key areas: namely, relations 
with Russia and Gum the 
“stupid" trade t casks* with 
Washington; and. aboie aO, 
(he two world trouble spots of 
the Middle East and Central 

In the Middle Eatt, he 
argues, there couM soon be 
“an explosion", not any be- 
cause of the fsrsdi'Patstffl- 
tan issue but also becass e tS 
the Irao-lraq war. The Iasi 
EEC initiative on the Mddle 
East was the Venice Dedica- 
tion of 1980, which calki for 
the inriaskm of the Palettine 
Liberation Organization n the 
peace process. 

Mr Tmdemaas pNSsfcaate ly 
believes flat Europe should 
again play a diplomatic rob ia 
1987. As a start, h e proposes 
to hold a foreign ministers* 
meeting to elaborate “a clear 
idea of EEC policy" on the 
Middle East next ramth. 

The moderate Arab states, 
he says, were “deeply shock- 
ed" by the rewtotiws about 
Washington's arms deals with 
Iran, and Arab ambassadors 
in Brussels have nrgtd him to 
launch a new EEC initiative to 
give Europe a role to counter- 
act that of the US. 1 

Mr Tindemans befit res that 
Europe also has a roll to play 
in Central America by sup- 
porting the Contaden peace 

US advice calms border tensions 

From Mario Modiano, Athens 

Greece and Turkey appear 
lo be heeding American ad- 
vice for restraint after the 
weekend border incident in 
which a Greek and two Turk- 
ish soldiers were killed and 
another Greek soldier was 

On both sides of the marshy 
delta of the River Evros 
marking the Greek-Turfcish 
frontier outposts were still on 
the alert yesterday, but the 
situation was calm. Neither 
country seems inclined to 
escalaie the tension. 

The Greeks claim that the 
survivor of the three-man 
border patrol involved in the 
skirmish on Friday said that 
his fellow patrolman was shot 

dead as he put down his rifle 
when a Turkish patrolman 
offered to swap Turkish for* 
Greek cigarettes. 

Mr Yannis Kapsis, the 
Greek Foreign Under-Sec- 
retary- said that he had called 
in the Turkish Ambassador on 
Saturday to renew Greece’s 
vigorous protest against the 
violation of Greek territory by 
the Turkish patrol and the 
killing “in cold blood" of a 

Mr Kapsis said that the 
joint Greek-Turkish border 
commission, which met to 
investigate the circumstances 
of the incident, had foiled to 
reach agreement. 

A Turkish proposal for a 

follow-up meeting today at the 
site of the incident was agreed 
by the Greeks, on condition 
that Turkey first extend ipolo* 
gies for the violations and pay 
compensation to the fan lies 
of the Greek victims. , 

The US diplomatic inter- 
vention in urging restraint to 
both sides indicated that 
Friday's episode was tsken 
more seriously in Washinjion 
than had been assumed. One 
reason is that the points of 
friction between the two coun- 
tries have multiplied. \ 
The US and Britain iue 
expected to redouble ihbir 
efforts to encourage the two 
countries to resume a dip- 
lomatic dialogue. 


CHBCHUL BTOmVav 440 4677 
R<wr dt Conwy 4 

Jimmy ThamraoH. iw Paul 


BAADMSAN HHI. 428 8790/658 
8691. Toni 7-50 KIWI COL- 

Stephen Cteobury 
oood. Elrtan Davlea sop. 


CO LISEU M S 836 8161 DC 300 

Torn 7 JO Mary/ 
Oead, Tamar 7.00 C —w. Bax 
Office cfcaed Dec 34 as 26 


1066/1911. SMby Info 836 
6903. S OC. TICkMM £,-C32-EQ 
(BaDeO SS-CAO fOoerai. 66 
ampU mar, own on tbe day. 
BOX Office dom Dec 24 A 25 
Too"! 7.00 THE ROYAL OKRA 

, Tumor 7JD 1— !■ 61' 

CJUUMS HOIS 278 8916. 
First CaU OC 24hr 7 day 240 
7-200. Untn SM. Eves 7 JO. Mate 

Sara & Dec 26. 2-30. No pem Dec 
24 A 3S 


The Roy Wlw Brew Tea Fast 

■Brltttei Premiere) & 

AMAIN. A 77m MUM W ere. 

01278 0885 tor Wtnlrr Opera 


1836 7611 or 240 7913 

/A OC 741 9999/836 7368/379 
6433 Grp Soles 930 6123 Fm 
Can 24hr 7 day CC 240 7200 (bku 



NlehMy at 7.30 Matt Wed M 2.30 
A Sat 4.30 & 8.00 


M TOWN" S Express 

ALROtY 836 387B cc 579 6666/ 
5796433/741 9999/ Grpa 836 
SMC. 1-30 A 4.18 dailii-. For 2 
week*. DavM Wootn 


A Musical Hay for children, 
nom the book by HUH The 
Prince o( wales. Dk 22 A 25 at 

1JO a 6.30 Dec 24 at ijo 
only- Ooc 26 at 1.30 A jjg 

ALBERT 836 5878 tx 379 6U6/ 
379 6433/ 741 9999 Group 
Sates 856 3962. Eves epM 


LRC. Dec 26 & 27 at 8pm. No 
PCrta Dec 22. 23. 24. 25 

ALDWTCaoi 8366404/0641 n 
Ol 579 6253. Ol 741 9999 


stevem Mackintosh 


Directed fcy RHHMEL RUDMAN 
A NOtkmat Theatre Production 
“Humour at us bnL a ncti and 
tovtofl production 11 Duty Mad “A 
Muttfidy maped (amity 
comedy- Time* ■* it win run (or a 
tang time" Time out 
Eves Man • rn 7.3a Mafe w«n 
3.0 Sots 6.00 * 6-30 First Can 
or 7 day ct oi 2ao 7300 mo ~ 
teenrcMmastoroi 5796453 
Ms See) dtp Sales 01 990 6lZ 

01-836 Bill CC 

836 1171. FWR COB (24 hrs/T 
days) 240 7200 cum reo). Eve* 
7.30. Wed mat 3. Sal « & 8 

“ ' P 


Wiener A -BEST PLAY 


Dec 23 3 A 7.3a no perfs Dec 24 
A 28. Dec 26 4 & than 
Tickets avau Dec 23 at 3pm. 
Dec 26. 27 at 4pm 

E 437 26631 

434 5698 First CaO 01-240 T200< 
-nemmaster ec 379 6*55 
Mon-Frl & Sat 4 JO 6 8.16 
Ttan Maa 3. Dec 2a ma only. 
No par/ Dec 28. Dec 26 Bpm parr, 


paul sconan 



“WonderfEUy fanny - Dfxp 

CC 630 6262 Party Blue 828 
6188 Find Can ec I24h» 240 
8483 Orp Sola 930 6123. TKM 
ream w H sromt Travel Branctw. 
Eves 7.46 Man Tue A SM 3-0 


MuNC by 

□metta ny trevur numi 


Ol 828 8796/658 
8891 cc (MoteSun lOam-Ssnu 

tonor A Frt 73ft Sd fttp A 

John Whiting ■ the finer hma- 
des ef tbo 


by Fcy dean. O dcrta ovaUaMe 
Dee - 3 Jan “MagnlflcenL.. 
most (WayaWt" D.Tct. 

THR FIT tail tenor 6 Frl 
7.50. Sol 2.00 A 7.30 H8R- 
ESKS ny Denarah Levy. THE 
ArthiE Mffler returns 51 Dee ■ 3 

BLOOMSBURY, Gardes 8L wCl 

387 9629 OC 380 1463. Until 

Jan ia Em 7pm. Matt Today. 

T6nwr. Wed. FH & Sal ten. No 

ports Dec 24 Eve A Dec 28 

TOAD, Th. Spat*** New 
Fawny URttfral. 

comxrr theatre 930 ssts 

OC 240 7200/579 6463/741 
9999 Orp* 930 6133 
-A aoperit attlim pvtaviUp'* 




A Comedy by Wt noa rtame 

COTTCSLOe tr 928 2282 OC 
(Notteul Theatre's snail aildL 
todumj Ttat Tonor. FH 7.30 


wrecked ram by 
Hare, rrne BuDdtna wo 

etneea Dec 24 a. 20. 

CRfTEAMN S 930 3216 OC 37V 

6668/379 6435/741 9999. OP 

836 3962. Bvp BJXL Tim SB 

250. SM BJO & B3d Dec 3A m 


D Man 

The Theatre of Comedy Oampni 





wnttm Bad directed tv 

Over 1.600 el J e ip M Cn n pertt 
i avaB Thum mu- 

P MMM THEATRE 880 8848/ 
9662. ALL eei CC binge ram 
CALL 24hr 7 day on 836 2428 NO 
■OOKN4Q FEE Crs Solea 93C 








MBfrRl 7 M Tlui MSI 260 Sat 41 
& 8.18. Ai Thin matt <mty —the 
Hoe*: Star— win be aarfenaedhy 
SKMS M £7 afl perfii except FH A 
Sal eves for OAPh. UB40h. tdn- 
dents A under 16 M avod 1 hr 
before Pexf. Reduced prices Thon 
matt only C7 * cio 



8250 cc 379 6666/6453 TV *0 


BOX Office A CC 01-636 BIOS. 01- 
240 9066/7. Flrat CaB 34hr 7 day 
ee bkv on 01 040 7200 (no bw 
■ w). Tt cmm a n er Ol. 579 6453 
(no Men " 


Hlaoer of *B the beet 
BMul Arndt ter UM 










EVBS 8.0 MOD Wed 30. Sot 30 & 
2.30 Reduced price mot Weds. 
Students and GAP's atandB 
Group Sales 930 6123 
Sperial matinee Dee 26 39 m 

Mtcmns 8 856 8245 CC 240 
9648 OC 579 6453 6 OC 24 


DUKE OF YORK* 856 6122 OC 

836 9837/741 9999/379 «43B 

24hr 240 7200 Era & TlTU 3 

Sat 6 A 8JO 



Hit Comedy by Richard Harris 

Directed by Jldte MdCendr 



PMnUNE BO/CC 836 2238/9 
Aw F.CALL Tday 24tae 240 
7200 4bk^ft*0Crpa 930 6123 

“Spedacuter scenes and UKe. 
aide heroes-. Impeitthabtc 
magic*' Times 

Today al 10.30*n « 730mn 
Mon-Frl ae 2m a TJOota 
Sal 2pm. em a asm. 

OAKRSCKSO! 5796107. Med 
24/hr 7 day 240 7200 Crp Sates 
980 61 23 Tlckctimmer 379 6433 
Eves 7.30. Sat 6 A B MM Ton 1 


"Cttaa of their own" Std 


by Kalu Watartmuse 
Directed by Ned S t ierr tn 

Red End Mia wear" TUMI 
■ un ir w OT aeunr me -m 

■LOME 01-437 3667 CC 741 9999 
1st cam 240 720024 hr7day 0*« 
(N) Ora Sates 930 6123 

8UME457 1692 CC OPEN ALL 

HOURS 579 8433 M CcR 24 tar 

240 7200 CP8 bfeS An) T41 9999 

too bbg br) Grp Sates 900 6123 

THs iron W H SmUb Travel 

Cvea 8 MOMS Wad 3 S 


“If ttU loosMer you're after— 
■hen me fun esesee' nowhere 
thkta and taau«~ Std 
a Comedy by Ka Ludwtn 
Directed by David OllmoM 
No part XmaaCva 


77S3 Ftat CaB CC 24tn 240 

72000809 ted Evas 7.43 Matt 

Sal 2-3 0. Dec 26 at 4.0 A 7.46 




Boat office ACC 01-930 983 2._ia | 

CPU aahr/7 day cc bfcgs 840 72001 
TUfeetmaeter 379 6455 Evas 7.30 
Wad ft Sa t mots 230m 


“A TWy — -Hi 



R EC a HWlR i n i " S-Ttmes 
jBo Paris Christmas Eve 

HAMPSTEAD 722 9301. Eves 3 
Set M at a jo, SELUNO m 
UZ ZIL A Hew C — .. dy fay 
Ma. TRonoos ntetv- 

Tbno. “Very 
Itanny*' D^atp. No Peri Dec 24. 

23 26. EXTENDED TO MW 3 


579 6131 FtrN CaU CC 240 






QR b Moor e pteya d u ttB a e 
at certain p c tfuiimnirra 
Ewes 7.48 Mott Wed 4 sat 3 
Portal tame catfy for Apr IP Od 

DPMPOK P A M HR W 437 75731 
741 9999 (no tiles «e). First Can 
as n r 7 D ay OC 2so 7200 . (no 
BKO FIX) cap solas 930 6123 
Tktannaster 379 6453 




Man-FH T.33 Mats Wed 2X0 
SM 2.30 A 8.00 

^■MotvFn A Sat tnaa^^H 

Xteas Eve 7JO. No met I 
Mow he old— to ApeB 2B, U0 


2311 Evas7.30aieca4at33a 

Td. tent eOHe ter dataiis of 

adapted by Me Write, wtm 
music by Cal Prate. *■* 

ffiL baa office te r perl times). 


LYRfC TIUTRE -Shantsbury 
Ave W1 01-437 3688/7 01-454 
1660. 01-434 1060. 01-734 


"A brflium A tevouaty 
comic sawmam- F. Ttmee 

The Nsoenai Theatre's aodaunad 
rroductw n of 



“Heortte—Jflnoiy funny” Oda 
'‘HWertane-.** 9. Tfanes 
-a rare evening or 
candc eathHaradon- Ttracs 
tvgs 7^0, Mbb Wsd and Sot 30. 
Grots Sales 01-930 6123. 

Reduced price mats Sonoma a 
CAP Stand-by 

DretCril 24br 7 dap aa beaMeRs, 


Hi lut— Mir 01 m 

APRIL *87 

-S’ 928 2282 CC 

(Nouanai Theatre's mstatutm 
stage) Tout. Tamar. Frl 7A& 
Sat 2,10 flow price maO 6 7.45 
ans and Valentine. (The 
bvOHiag wm ba dosed Dec 24 3c 

MAVPAK Ol 629 3057 
. Until J*a 3 
Twice dafiy 2-0 A M 
weds A Sals 10.30. 2D *40 


MAYFAIR S CC 629 3036. Mon- 
Thu 8 FT! /Sal 6.40 A 8.10 

•The Bred TtoBer tar paan** S M 


“An MiriMtthc a wtonet** S 
rseneaoooaa** Times 

Ol 238 

8868 let can 240 7200 579 6433 
741 9999 CTP Salas 930 6123 
Kenneth Crabmne’a wonderful 


Twice dally 2*6. 

Dec 24 11am & 2pm 




days of pertt on the a tres 

■) am- RESTAURANT (*M» 


NEW LOMDOH Drory Lane WC2 
379 6435.TM from W H Smith 
Travel Bredato. Even 7AO Tt»e A 
Sat 3.00 « 7X8 



900 6123 MOW, 

_ iv w m 

Saate available m Jen 
Extra Man Dec 22 * Jbn 2 at Stan 

OLD VIC 928 7616 OC 261 1621 
Previews Dam 14 to. Opens 20 
Jan at Tpon 


a content U> W ri te law 
Dir by LSHMAT A N Dri WM B 

OLD VIC 9287616 cc 261 1621 
Evas 7 JO, Wed Kata Z30. Sab 




bp Chao Bootha Laoe 

“Ari female rifaa aslraaa a —a a" 
in iiiiiiiiii l iflMRi 



“Witty, wicked women's 



No p ertt D ec 34 a as 
JAN 10 

OUVKR -S* 928 2362 CC (Na- 
rewpt Theatre's nan suae) 

- Today ?- OQ- Sal loJ oam A 
ZOO THE Pl**l PIPCR a nub- 
cai mw from Hrawntnt/a 
poem (for 6-11 yaa r o WL 
BrieaR. TopY. 7.16 TIB AMER- 
ICAN CLOCK a vaudevflte by 
Arihw Milter. Tssmr. Fri. Sat 
7.00 prompt ROIC LEAR. (The 
buOdloa win bo Closed Dec 246: 
281 \f 

PALACE THEATRE 434 0909 cc 

OPEN ALL HOURS 379 6433 

Fitri Can 24HT 7Day a; 240 7300 

are Sates 900 6125. TUB front 

W H Smith Travel Bra n ches 



runted onta the interval 



PfCCADNXY AST 4806 OC 379 
6860/ 579 6433/ 200 7200. 
(toon Soles 930 61 23/ 836 5962. 

“A no 

“Bread force with Stephen 
Son dMiiT s sons" DJWafl 



Toni A Tomer ton Dec 24 3sm 
only Doc 26 9pm. Dee 27 AJO A 
8. IB 

t lal efa — Ere Hd 

734 2981 FMCriHHr7Dwi 
cc BOeMng 836 3464 Ckp Sates 
930 6123- Monte 7-30 Mote 
Than A 9n 2JO 




■ate seals atari 24 Dec 7 JO A 

PROICE OF WALES W1 930 8681 

/2 CC Hotline 930 0844/0/6. Ctp 

Soles 950 6123. Krttn Prows* 

741 9999.Tte«aBBnatter 579 6453 

First Can 24 h em-. 7 day (NO DKQ 
PEE) 240 7200 




31 Dec at 2JO > 


(Umn 01734 1166/7/ 
0261/0120. 24hr cc 240 7900/ 

379 6433. Orp Sates 980 6123. 





"It rlppus wnh atadtangir* 
S-Tupet -ABC wonoerflB” D-Exp 
Mon-Sat 8 Matt w«d £30 Sat B 

ROYALTY 01-831 0660 Sttr « 

240 7200 579 6433 741 9999 

ftwa Sales 930 6123 

Twice daily at sjso A 7Jt> 

S weeks only. Dec 24 11 am a 
2.30pm. No pof Dec 26 

(07 99) 8 96623. ROYAL 


W, Nn Perl wen £402 Dae 

and There 2EQi Dee. H tecbri h 

TteWrt .MO. Preset Tomor. 

Fri 7 JO Winter's ^ Trie Sat i.3a 
Hctari H Sat TJSO. Swan The- 
atre. Pair Mrid Tanfrid. &d 
7-JO. Borer. TMar. Fri 7.30. 
Sri 1.30. 

SAVOY TBEATHK Ol 836 8888. 
CC 579 621 9. 8360479. Fttsl COB 
24 far 7 day (DO Mop fte) 240 7200. 
Kefth Prawsa 74t 9999 too bfeg 
tee) Grp Sales 930 6123- Eves 
Mon-Fri 8pm. Sat S A &30. Wed 
Matt 3pm No Parte Dec 24 * 20 
Extra Mai Tomor 3pra 

-a iwennfarralr'iS 
aB the FBndty 


Directed by BRYAN 

COMEDY Ol 379 8399 CCOl 379 
6433/ 741 9999- First Call 24 hr 
2ao 7200 (bag fen). Ore Sam 930 

Mon-ra a. Wed 3. Sal B.1B * 8-30 

lavish new pradoctian 



Xmas Deris; Dec 23 at 5.00 & 8X0 
No pertt Dee 24 A 26. Dev 26 ai 
Buoa Dec 27 ae G.IS A 8 JSO 

• MART NTS 01-836 1443. Spe- 
i OC NO. 379 6433. Cvp 6.0 
NS 2.46. SM A Dec 26 at 6.0 


STRAND 836 2860 CC B36 
4143/6190. 741 9999. First CaB 
24 Dr 7 Day re SCO 7206 (re H| 
tea) Ore sates 930 6123 



D ir ected A e nc aaoNactttd -by 

MrefFri 7 AS. Mai Wed 3X0 
Sat *30 « aiB 

Spec peer Now Year's Eve 7pm 


“The very beat o I Brunei 
_ come Wo d“ Dally Mall 
See separate entries dM*ti 


836 9987/8648 RB CaU O 1 24 

hre 240 7200 Ibkp tea) 

TKkehaaaur 579 6453-0*9 teri- 
EVBB8.0. Matt Wbd 3U30. Sri BA 
3.30. No peris Doc 24. 26. Dec 26 

81 6 A EL Dae 27 at 6 & 8-30. 

Standard Dram* Award 

MAKTM janvk - 






mtor n.TM 

■5 wm- 

■Ul" 8.TWI0* 

Ihrowh FRsiCBMweMWriYOi 
240 7200 a4Jir 7jQQ^ 


Direcud by mcaant AT*. 
Prevj Feb. »S lri IW} F*0» 
Mon-Frl TAB Weq MaiS a tf 
A 0.16. Op irijw 6133 

VICTORIA PALACE 41-814 1317 
Eves 7.30 Matt Wed A Sal 2M 
December 2&ZUO Jan 1 A 
24hr 7 day cc bags (no extra 
charge) on FIRST CALL 240 7200 


cyd emuasse 


GROUP SALES 01 930 0123 

Also book. Tteketmoster 379 6435 

or any W H BmKn Travel Branch 

Ol 836 0283/4 

OC 834 0048. cc TKfcetmastBr 379 

6433. Mattel 3.00 & 6 jo (Dec 

24 at 300 only, no perte Dec 26) 

tnr cls. uwa 


S2. 7 ZS5< 839 4488 OC Ol 579 
6668/579 6433. 741 9999. Crp 
rales 930 6123/836 3962 




Th e Awffl d Winning Comedy 

WH EN I WAS A era 

»v Sttannan MaedenoM 

Dtreeted by Steaon Snares 

WRfTDM- Tina 
Eyre & 8at SJO A 8J» 

WWNIAars S 836 3028 w 579 
6MS/ TOlWlfnwite r 379 6433/S 

2“3£7tol 240 TOOO/741 
For a ItaMtM 


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tw Yott^ Vh pnwlart ln u of 


. . Bf Heretk mean 
OTJCted tor Dswla ' TteCka 
NPPT MWS~ coy LhnH, 

No perte Dec 25. 24 A SSL One 26 


riNtHONT fWAY 9 


* 23 


bteaa Centre. EC2. Oi^se 
4141. umn 4 Jan: Oanlif ba 
P rint taSri 
Europe A One Near EM pLua 
Uea Roan fay namndtc Fan 
wtownaa. Tea - Sat io- 
6.4*. Sun A B Hate 12-548. 
dosed Mondays. 24 & 2 b o ec. 
(Open 26 Dec A l Jan 125 . 4*1 
AdncEZ- A £l. 

at- W Ci. ABduMUMrrw 
BMIADL Adm. Cl. SO. Mx£ 
SM 10-& Sun &3D6. Recan te d 

tufa m. 880 1788. dated sm. 

23. 26 Dec. A 1 Jan. 

SL SW 1 . 01-236 8144. LOWS 
WASL 1860-1939. 

TATE GALLERY, MtUfaaak S 1 V 1 . 


Oufaten Ape 1 707- 1 803: L' MO 4 

Jan. A dm. C2.SO. HE 
UPCmn MPT. Unto ID mS£ 
Adra. free. Wkdyr 10 - QvSO. 
Sum 2 - 66a dated 24)26.26 
• «««W into. 

01-821 7128. 


CAMHEH PLA2A am Camden 

Town Trite 486 2443. DAVID 

wws taUMnrmrni uv nun 

at 200 4.10 0J20 836. Re- 
duced Detects for mudren. 
CLOSED M2E.56 Dec 

CSffiUEA CmiA Kino 

aMgJWH , TO. ran 

5* 8-26 4.30 640 SL88. 

CLOSED 24328 J 6 Dec 

<»«*MMArFAm Orem. St 

gg; l^»*»rann1 

■NOAH (PC) Pan 1 Tucs A 
Thins &46 Sate IliiOam a 
f- 4 ® 2 Mon. VM & Fri 

f; 4 ® Sundays Pad 1 at 
11 -SOam Pari a al B.te -Total 
Me ten" Std. 
ClOted On 24. 28. 26Eu» Jan 


{£22* £1*5* Aaf F Mamte 

«nHh. Deniwim edj 

SSS 115 .* ROOM! 

■■■d (PC). Film at 
fun A Dec 26j., 

8.40. “A Dim as near! 

Oon as IPs posdtile to 1 
Atmander Walker. 

Pec 24 A 26. 


mo ease 

Access/ vis a/ ajtus 
O l DoBty stereo. Sep m 
Nlrid Show Nfamoy J 

bnotani. 1 - 

0691 VMNDkn^, 

sat ii.isctn. closed m. : 

MS 4228 A 

. A ROOM W1IR , 

JO Daily until 28 n~- 
gTS. PNOM 28 KbA 
A VKW Dsily- 
*■45. 7.0. A 

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215— O NLY. A CH 
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2 C i n ema a 
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■ '. • on kt> 

. ' 

: ■.. .' v: 51 ---^ 

• . ' ■• fate 

• • ??** 

■■'ds caflji:. 

masTive Fun for those who like music 

• A decade after the - * •' 

promise b «h of punk, and the ■' O 

_ „ * _ .A decade after the 

promise bml L of and the 

, suffocating lack of 

And so, six weeks after enter- varirtvr i* 

ing hospital, Michael Gambon v «n“ty It Came tO 

walked down the corridor with impOSC, David S inclair 

s^g a^S*»!jS ^ 00 * CS bac ^ over a year 

Aagatg Detective (BBCl) was Of rOCk that haS 

ttftmZZ'CEi thrown off the shackles 

■ w v: 1 *ftr'Av r :^.- : ; - 

thing 1 have ever watched on 


Not that it was a completely 
smooth ride. After tfainldiig by 
the mid of the second pro- 
gramme that Dennis Potter 
was Proust (to peddle a phrase 
from A.N. Wilson), there was 
a patch when he was just very 
good, when the parts became 
more interesting than the 
whole, when the flashbacks 
began to itch. Last night, 
however, like an Escher draw- 
ing. Potter's masterpiece joi- 
ned the whole boiling lot 
together into something mar- 

It was the programme when 
Gambon, the invalid, started 
singing for the first tune, and 
his father (Jim Carter) reacted 
at last to his mother's 
by ch a nging his inexpressibly 
sad face into a scream. It was a 
programme fall of all sorts of 
pain — pain that could only be 
endured by dissolving into 
childhood songs or a corny 
detective story (in feet the 
detectives became over-tire- 
some at the end). 

From the well erf rhfg self- 
conscious kitsch. Patter suc- 
ceeded in drawing a character 
glistening with life; and in 
showing, with sometimes 
breathless effect, that we have 
only started scratching the 
surface of what it is possflde to 
do with this medhan. 

Others most be singled oat 
for praise, though: Jonathan 
Powell, head of BBC drama, 
for backing it MicbeOe Gmsh 
for casting it Bill Wright for 
his editing; Jon Amid for Iris 
directing; Kemth Trodd and 
John Harris for their produc- 
tion — and, nf coarse, Joanne 
Whalley for her eyes. As for 
Gambon, be desores every 
prize going. 



Through some four hours of 
highly varied and variable 
music-making, the gala re- 
opening conceit at Carnegie 
Hall, shut down since May 18 
for renovation, raised more 
questions than it answered. 
Visually, the auditorium is 
newly warm and resplendent, 
its gold decorations cleaned 
and polished, its dominant 
stark white having given way 
to much off-white, cream ana 
tan. Removal of the teaser 
curtain and panels above the 
stage — whose function was 
cosmetic, to hide holes in the 
acoustical shell, now repaired 
- makes the stage seem much 
more imposing, larger in rela- 
tion to the hall itself. But, of 
course, far more important 
than any of the trappings is the 
preservation of the hail’s fa- 
bled acoustics. And here the 
opening concert proved in- 

It all began festively with 
the “Star-Spangled Banner” 
played by the New York 
Philharmonic under Zubin 
Mehta, the singing led from 

and indulged in a 

Generation X, with Billy Idol 
(second from left), one of the 
biggest stars thrown up by the 
punk movement, and Tony James 
_ (third left), who has «i lw fwr nitd 
into something of a parody of the 
movements original Meals 

T he year 1986, we were often 
reminded, was the 
anniversary of the birth of 
punk. As commentators 
grabbed for their rose-tinted 
spectacles and reminisced about the 
tremendous undercurrent of energy 
and excitement that built throughout 
1 976 and came to such rude fruition 
by the time of the Sex Pistols’ “God 
Save the Queen” and the Jubilee 
celebrations in 1977, it veftned to 
strike most people that, in compari- 
son, 1986 was a year with a dismal 
lack of distinction, a period of aimless 
entrenchment that* saw the big acts 
getting bigger, unchallenged by any 
new emergent movement or ground- 
swell of original talent 

The 1986 charts were dominated, 
so the argument ran, either by 
stadium acts like Queen, Dire Straits, 
Genesis, Simple Minds and Enryth- 
mks or glossy pop careerists like 
Whitney Houston, Wham!, A-ha and 
Madonna, who between them were 
no less of a affimcB of 

dinosaur rock and vacuous pop than 
that which had prompted the upsurge 
of punk in 1976. Even old codgers like 
Peter Gabriel, Robert Palmer and 
Steve Winwood sewed convincing 
hits with little difficulty. 

The independent 9cene revealed no 
less a degree of atrophy as the ICA’s 
week-long showcase of Indie bands in 
July demonstrated: a succession of 
acts like the Shop Assistants, the 
Soup Dragons, Bogshed and tbe 
Mighty Lemon Drops all played 
jangiy guitars with varying degrees of 
ineptitude, and tried their best to 
conform to the new orthodoxy as 
established by tbe Jesus and Mary 
Chain and the Smith* No threat to 
anyone there. 

It is true to say that, for all the 
fervour that greeted the iconoclastic 
phenomenon of punk, much of it the 
product of the overexcited imagina- 
tions of media people, even a cursory 
glance at the recent activities of -the 
main participants confirms that, ten 
years on, the legacy of that period 
must be considered a disappoint- 
ment. Excluding the Police, who 
never cut much ice in tbe- punk 
credibility stakes anyway, the biggest 
star thrown up by the movement 
turned out to be, of all people, Billy 
Idol, a punk equivalent of Shafcm ? 
Stevens, who has sold five million 
albums and three mMon si ngles 
since 1981. His October release 
Whiplash Smile was a pleasing but 
predictable mdange of tarted up rock 
V roll. Tony James, with whom Idol 
formed Generation X in 1976, has 
likewise turned into something of a 
parody of the movement’s ongjnal 
ideals, but his antics with Sigue Sigue 
Sputnik mwte him one of the most 
talked about figures in 1 986. for more 
remarkable than John Lydon (n£ 
Rotten) whose album Alburn^ which 
came out in February, sounded like a 
collection of Led Zeppelin rifts. 

Sionxsie and the Banshees spent 
the year touring abroad, Paul Weller 
continued to chum out the most 
banal ersatz-soul with the Style 
Council in between his electioneering 
efforts with Red Wedge, and Bob 
Geldo^ at the age of 34* published his 
memoirs, which were considerably 
more entertaining than his album 
Deep in the Heart of Nowhere. How 
tbe Damned have managed to stay 
ten years in the business without 
learning to play remains a mystery, 
but if tbey bad applied themselves to 
mastering the involved 

would they have turned out the land ' 

of sonorous easy-listening pop al- 
bums like Dreamtime that the Stran- 
glers now delight in producing? 

Of the class of *76 only Elvis 
Costdlo and Mick Jones with Big 
Audio Dynamite had any on goi n g 
artistic relevance in 1986. Costello 
released two well-received albums. 
King pf America and Blood and 
Chocolate, while BAD with Joe 
Strummer assisting with tbe writing 
and production unleashed No 10 
Upping Street, a gloriously imagi- 
native combination of post-punk 
- rode and hip-bop. Despite tbe critical 
accolades, none of these three albums 
reached ihe top ten. 

-vW -ul was 1976-77 really a 

I golden era in the history of 
rode and 1986 a year of 

i B fallow underachievement? 

™ ^ While I enjoyed as much as 
the next person scurrying offto see all 
those daft bands like the Vibrators, 
999, the Adverts, the Buzzcodes, 
Wire, X-Ray Spex, the Linkers, the 
Slits and the Rezfllos, together with 
such heavyweights as the Jam, the 
Clash, the Ramon es, the Damned 
and the Pistols, all blasting out their 
raucous untutored rock ’n’ roll with 
such amphetamined abandon, the 
attention that the movement at- 
tracted was such as to impose a 
stifling conformity on the music 

Dire Straits were perhaps tbe only 
group at this time to build from a 
grass-roots following to a position of 
significant success without paying lip- 
service to the tenets of punk. But acts 
who turned out as differently as 
Squeeze, tbe Police, Tom Robinson, 
XTC and Ultravox, to namea few, aD 
felt the need to hitch flags of 
convenience to the punk bandwagon 

in order to get an even break. How 
laughable thax this movement which 
preached the virtues of individual 
expression should have been so 
intolerant of any deviation from its 
own narrowly defined norms. Who 
knows what talent went un exposed 
because of its initial lack of “punk 

Whatever the virtues of punk ft 
imposed a suffocating lack of variety 
that was the complete reverse of the 
situation in 1986. But with rock now 
so lacking in a dominant theme or 
tretid there has been a glorious 
diversification that really does leave 
artists free to pursue their own line 
and enables us. the consumers, to 
enjoy an unprecedented range of 
choice. We have seen hits from acts as 
diverse as the Smiths, Europe, Su- 
zanne Vega, Prince, Bruce Spring- 
steen, Fuzz box. Simply Red, Run 
DMC, the Housemartins, Bon Jovi 
and the Jesus and Mary fhain, and 
that is just in the top 30 alone. 

There have been popular renais- 
sances in country (Dwight Yoak- 
ham), jazz (Courtney Pine), blues 
(Robert Cray), funk (Troublefunk/ 
Cameo), Reggae (the “Ragamuffin” 
style) and soul together with visits 
from African bands, Cuban bands, all 
sorts of American roots rockers and 
upsurges ofhouse music and hip-hop. 
Of them all hip-hop is the cfosot that 
1986 has offered to the punk of 1976, 
but the diversity of what now passes 
for “rock” music is such that neither 
hip-hop, nor any other musical 
movement, will ever again achieve 
such a position of primacy in tbe 
scheme of things. The punk era was a 
great time for those of us who revelled 
in punk rock, but 1986 was a much 
better year for anyone who likes 


Osod/The Diary 
of One Who 


For this revival of Jan&cek’s 
Osud English National Opera 
has found it an almost ideal 
companion: the same com- 
poser’s masterly song-cycle 
The Diary of One who Dis- 
appeared, staged for the first 
time in Britain (tbe idea is 60 
years old on the Continent). 
Both works are concerned 
with Art’s relationship to Life, 
and Life’s relationship to Fate. 
Osutts centra] figure is tbe 
composer Zivny, obsessed 
with the tragic-opera potential 
of his own life-story which, 
not surprisingly, soon fulfils 
his every fatalistic expecta- 
tion. In The Diary the poet 
(hence also the composer) 
identifies with a peasant boy 
infatuated with, and seduced 
by, a gypsy girt During the 
work’s creation Jan&cek was 
himself similarly infatuated. 

One possibly fortuitous 
circumstance of David Pount- 
ney’s Osud staging also unifies 
this double bill. That is the 
grand piano — which Pount- 
ney places at tbe centre of a 
revolving stage in Osud — oo 
which Zivny knocks up his 
magnum opus. For in The 
Diary the piano is again 
centre-stage, this time played 
(with a superb sense of idiom 
and drama) by a real pianist, 
Paul Cross! ey. That is surely 
right: the singers may narrate 
and act out the story, but the 
piano provides the crucial 
emotional subtext. 

At the actual moment of 
seduction, for instance, where 
the poet lapses discreetly into 
a series of dashes, Janacek 
supplies a piano interlude of 
unambiguous erotic force. 
Pountney reinforces the inst- 
rument's centrality here by 
placing Zefka, the gypsy-girl, 
on a carpet of leaves under the 
Steinway itself where she 
carries out her memorable 
promise to show Janek bow 
“gypsies sleep at night”. The 
production contains many 
such images, simply but strik- 
ingly conceived on an almost 
bare stage, often closely 
aligned to the poetry's own 
potent symbolism, and intelli- 
gently lit by Matthew Rich- 

Jean Rigby’s Zefka perhaps 
looks too dean and whole- 
some, but she moves sensu- 
ously and her voice has a full 

Philip Langridge: a 
magnificent, deeply 
• considered performance 

richness which properly takes 
on a more guuerai edge when 
she describes her racial 
humiliation. However, The 
Diary is principally not about 
a gypsy's sexuality*, but about 
her infatuated lovers gradual, 
painful (but ultimately proud) 
realization that, in giving her a 
child, he must cut all links 
with village and family, and 
become one of those he once 
despised. Arthur Davies's 
performance struck the right 
balance here: rough and 
unthinking early on — crack- 
ing a whip over his ploughing 
oxen to show how to “break in 
a gypsy” — bot then increas- 
ingly tender in gesture and 
(more occasionally) voice. 

Osud has some marvellous 
music, conducted with consid- 
erable devotion and passion 
here by Mark Elder, yet it 
remains basically unsatisfying 
even in this indefatigably 
ingenious Pountney produc- 
tion. The inane deaths in Act 
Dare part of tbe problem; so is 
the character of Zivny, who 
postures artistically and shirks 
real moral responsibility for 
two acts, yet (presumably) is 
supposed to gain the audi- 
ence's sympathy in his final 
bathetic monologue. 

Still, there are magnificent, 
deeply considered performan- 
ces from Philip Langridge and 
Eitene Hannan in the central 
roles; much well-drilled en- 
semble work around them; 
and (most noticeable of all, 
perhaps) the visual thrills of 
Stefanos Lazaridis's polythene 
merry-go-round of a set, 
emphasizing to stunning effect 
how brilliantly Jan&cek juxta- 
poses bis forces in Act i. 

Richard Morrison 

A legend still lingering 


An Italian Straw 


The souvenir programme an- 
nounces this to be “adapted 
from the original by Eugene 
Labiche”, which is not in itself 
disturbing news since any play 
first produced in 1851 is likely 
to be given some gingering to 
suit the modern taste — the 
taste of producers, that is, who 
are reluctant to believe audi- 
ences could possibly laugh 3t 
the unaltered comedy of an- 

the stage by several celebrities, 
including New York’s Mayor 
Edward Koch and Wanda 
Toscanini Horowitz. Tbe 
latter’s presence was made less 
mysterious when, immedi- 
ately thereafter, Horowitz 
himself made a surprise 
appearance, playing Chopin's 
C sharp minor Waltz, Op 64 
No 2, and A flat Polonaise, Op 
S3. Also unannounced but less 
surprising was Leonard Bern- 
stein's appearance, conduct- 
ing the Philharmonic in his 
Opening Prayer, composed for 
the occasion (a slight, sombre 
work of seven minutes’ dura- 
tion, with a brief Hebrew text 
sung here in an understated 
maimer by Kurt Oilmans). 

Then Mehta returned to the 
rostrum, and events followed 
the written programme: Yo- 
Yo Ma in the finale of 
Haydn's C major Qsllo Con- 
certo; Marilyn Horne and 

other age, let alone another 

The first stirrings of unease 
occur upon noticing a line in 
larger print “Written and 
Directed by Ray Cooney”. 
Now Mr Cooney is an author 
of many jolly shows (though 
not as many as M Labiche, 
who wrote 150) but, while he 
can be ingenious in building 
up panic in his simple cbarac- 
iers, not even his best co- 
author would accuse him of 
possessing a light touch. 

Tbe Cooney treatment goes 
something like this: When in 
doubt, bring on a man with 
trousers round his ankles. 
Laughs slow in coming? Write 
in a prostitute and make her 
lift her feathery skirt to show 


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James R. Oestreich 
reports from New 
York on the gala 
opening of the ‘new* 
Carnegie Hall 

Isaac Stem (whose role in the 
preservation and restoration 
of the hall was commemo- 
rated earlier in the day wife 
the unveiling of a permanent 
plaque near toe front doors) in 
“Erbarme dicta” from Bach’s 
St Matthew Passion; the 
Meistersinger Prelude; and — 
after a series of songs by Frank 
Sinatra and toe Peter Duchin 
Orchestra — the finale of 
Mahler’s “Resurrection” 
Symphony, with Benita Val- 
eo te, Home and the New York 
Choral Artists. 

Horowitz, Stem and Sinatra 
(just turned 71, and in his first 
major appetence following re- 

some black suspenders. Set in 
1 Paris, is ft? Then put in a scene 
on top of toe Eiffel Tower. 

Tbe original comedy is 
essentially a chase, with 
Fadinard (Tom Conti in this 
production), a young man- 
about-town, just managing for 
the first pert of each scene to 
keep ahead of his pursuers, 
who then burst in upon him 
and have to be stalled and 
persuaded to let him go on 
somewhere else where, ten 
minutes after he has reached 
it, they are on to him 

FadmanTs horse has eaten a 
succulent hat of Italian straw, 
decorated with flowers, that a 
lady enjoying an assignation 
with a military man unwisely . 
left dangling on a bush. She ' 
demands an instant replace- 
ment, which could hardly be 
more inconvenient, since 
Fadinard is about to be mar- 
ried and his wife to be, plus 
relatives, is due to arrive at 
any moment 

Off he goes in search of 
another straw hat and (in the 
original) a merry dance 
around Paris takes in a 
milliner’s shop, a society salon 
and the hailess woman’s 
husband’s apartment (which 
the wedding guests mistake for 
a honeymoon hotel), until 
order is restored, delightfully 
and unexpectedly back out- 
side toe hero’s apartment 

The characters of the orig- 
inal, however exaggerated, are 
firmly rooted in realism and 
likelihood. Replacing them 
with the products of a joke- 
book, with marriage registrars 
who confuse the wedding 
service and a funeral, with 
cameras that quaintly fitil to 
! take photographs, with jokes 
about molhers-in-few —“She’s 
so mean! Have you ever seen 
anyone carving a sprout?” — 
putting in this stale stuff is a 
grotesque error of judgement 
that not only wrecks- the 

cent serious surgery) were all 
in representative current (Le. 
somewhat frayed) form. But, 
given the evening’s cele- 
bratory nature, one was more 
than willing to hark back to 
memories of better days. 

What was not so easily 
dismissed, however, was the 
sound of toe Phflharxnonic. 
These players regularly ex- 
press resentment at being 
compared to tbe many great 
orchestras that visit the city, 
often at the top of their form, 
especially when those visitors 
play in Carnegie, whose acous- 
tics have always been im- 
measurably more seductive 
than those of Avenr Fisher 
(aka Philharmonic) HalL But 
in this return to its erstwhile 
home tbe Philharmonic 
seemed to carry the cold, hard 
acoustics of its current abode 
with it like a cloud. The 
Mahler betrayed a brute shrill- 

ness and stridency that one 
simply does not recall from 
tbe “old” Carnegie, and the 
lower strings lacked solidity 
and power. But then Mehta's 
crude assault on this glorious 
movement (in, thankfully, one 
of his last appearances before 
taking a year-long sabbatical 
from the orchestra) was hardly 
a fair test 

Indeed — even leaving aside 
a multiphaty of extraneous 
noises produced by all manner 
of cameras, lights, micro- 
phones and cooling devices 
(CBS television, CBS Master- 
works and tbe usual media 
hordes were dutifully taking it 
aD down for posterity) — the 
entire evening produced so 
little musical distinction and 
refinement, so little that was 
well tuned and balanced, that 
no measured assessment of 
toe acoustical renovation was 
really possible. Fortuantely 
there wul be plenty of time for 
that in this inrfnmitahlft edi- 
fice, now, in any case, sturdier 
and more functional than 

Haunting in the ashes 

hm Contiall wry or rogmsh asides, with the doddering 
unde of Oive Dtmn (photograph by Donald Cooper) 

evening as a version of 
Labiche, which is sad enough, 
but cripples it as a comedy. 

Instead of seeing Fadinard 
as the generator of energy, 
Tom Conti plays him as a 
leisurely creature, keeping one 
hand in bis pocket, further 
slowing down any hope of fun 
with his unnecessary Italian 
accent, and relying for tbe 
comedy on wry or roguish 
asides to the audience, which 
produce decreasing comic 

There are some ingenious 
stage ^ tricks and countless 

expensive settings. There are 
also some jolly moments. But, 
with the exception of Mark 
Hadfiehfs Stan Laurel of a 
valet, Clive Dunn's doddering 
unde and Deborah Norton's 
regally horsy Baroness, the 
characters have been snipped 
of individuality and are just 
simple stock figures. It is 
significant that the scenes 
change around tbe actors, who 
stand still waiting for toe 
furniture to settle. In a 
successful comedy ft is people 
who move. 

■< Jeremy Kingston 

Unlike Belloc’s Lord Lundy, I 
have never been “Car toe freely 
moved to tears”. Indeed ta my 
role as radio critic I sit for the 
most part dry-eyed from one 
year’s end to toe next It was in 
October 1983 that I was last 
driven to get oat my hand- 
kerchief and that was for 
Shirley Gee’s haunting trag- 
edy of Northern Ireland, Newer 
in My lifetime. Anyway, last 
week it happened again and 
the occasion was Djordje 
Lebo Vic’s Sear chi ng the Ashes 
(Radio 4, Wednesday). 

This documentary in it orig- 
inal bra won toe 1985 Balia 
Prize for Radio Belgrade. 
Here, translated by John and ! 
Rnzica White and adapted by . 
Isabel Aitkea, ft had been 
beantifefly produced for Eng- 
lish listeners by Lome 
Porslow. The programme con- 
sisted mainly of a rwnplhlinn 
of notebooks and letters writ- 
ten by prisoners in Auschwitz, 
interspersed with extracts 
from the diary of Johann 
Kroner, the mfamons camp 
doctor, and from statemen ts 
made after his trial by tbe 
camp commandant, Rudolf 
HOss. The prisoners were 
those who were forced to work 
in toe Sonderkommando tak- 
ing bodies from the gas cham- 
bers to toe crematoria. Tbe 
huge deposits of human ash 
offered an ideal hiding place 
for their writings, which they 
sealed in tins or bottles, 
knowing that one day the ash 
pits wovld be dog out. 

So, after all we have beard 
of Auschwitz, Belsea, Dachan 
and the rest, what was there 
here to justify yet another 
acommf? And what in that 

account to make a hardened 
listener weep? It seemed to me 

that Searching the Ashes con- 
veyed more tellingly than any- 
thing I have heard or read or 
seee a sense of wine toe 
prisoners’ life was like. 
Leboricwas himself a child in 
Auschwitz, one of the 30,000 
wbo survived out of a total of 

four mill in n, and he hM had a 
hand in c reating toe camp ’s 
museum and archive, so he 
must have worked out of a 
deep factual knowledge and 
understanding. As to his ma- 
terial, toe prisoners’ records 
were extraordinarily rest- 
rained as if the writers knew 
that every precious, dangerous 
word most count. A quartet of 
Jewish actors (David de 
Keyser, Lee Montague, Alias 
Cordnner, David Swift) ech- 
oed that restraint is. their 

Set among them were the 
words of toe tormentors and 
these in quite another way 
were unassertive. Dr Kremer 
gemaDy details good meals 
and * nigging pn fcrtnmmMi^ 
bat gives hardjy a hint of how 

| RADIO | 

he occnpied his working hours 
HOss reflects that to separate 
mothers and children on their 
way to the gas chambers would 
have been “utterly inhuman” 
and is relieved that they did 
not have to shoot all these 
people in cold Mood. Statistics 
note that the capacity of the 
gas chambers for exceeds that 
of the crematoria and tell us 
that each prisoner, kept alive 
for three months, shows a 
profit of 128 marks. 

And so on: quietly, remorse- 

lessly, the record builds up - 
of idealism ran amok and 
reason perverted to support a 
monstrous, yet strangely chil- 
dish, inhumanity. Its effect 
■pou toe listener arose from 
those sharp juxtapositions, 
from that eloquent restraint in 
text and presentation and from 
a use of music that rarely 
seemed overdone and then 
only very slightly. To my mind 
all these elements combined to 
create both a radio classic and 
a lasting memorial to toe 

David Wade 




Who needs Santa? 

This year British under-16s received a 
staggering £600m in pocket money. 

Scottish parents were the most generous 
pitying out an average of £1.28 per child. 

Welsh minors, however, had to manage 
on 91p a head. 

Arc the under- 16s overpaid? 

Read Tbe Economists 

112- page Christmas 
double issue. Out now. £2. 

(Economist i 




# * * * * a sl 



Vladimir Filippov (right) is a prisoner in a 
Soviet labour camp because he is a practising 
Christian. While the West celebrates Andrei 
Sakharov's freedom, Caroline Moorehead 
reports on the hundreds who watch and wait 

y he news last week that the 
' £ I ■ Soviet Union had ended 

the internal exile of its best- 
known dissident. Dr 
Andrei Sakharov, and bad 
freed another dissenter, Mustafa 
Dzhemilyov, from a Siberian labour 
camp has raised hopes among hu- 
man rights defenders everywhere 
that Soviet leader Mikhail 
Gorbachov’s breeze of change is 
gathering force. 

Yet Moscow’s dwindling band of 
activists still at liberty are en- 
couraged less by these headline- 
grabbing gestures than by almost 
imperceptible internal events: a tele- 
vision programme with a serious 
discussion about emigration: articles 
in newspapers critical of government 
policies: permission for a previously 
banned poet to give a public recital; 
the appointment of a controversial, 
non-party member to the editorship 
of Aow Mir. 

They need all the encouragement 
they can glean from these small 
signs. In the middle and late 
Seventies, with detente in the air and 
Helsinki in people's minds, human 
rights groups flourished briefly in the 
m 2 in cities of the Soviet Union, 
founded by people who were particu- 
larly brave, and others who reasoned 
that to support them was morally 
right Not one group has effectively 

Not to conform is to be dissident; 
and ■ comes in many 
forms, most of them punishable. To 
embark on a dissident path — 
refusing military service, signing 
peace petitions - has been to set foot 
on a road from which there can be no 
return. “The tragedy.” said one 
young woman who chose the dis- 
sident way not long ago. “is that no 
activists see the fruits of their work - 
they are either in camp or in exile." 

The Chronicle of Current Events, 
the samizdat journal which over 14 
years became the single most com- 
prehensive source of information on 
human rights violation in the Soviet 
Union, has been silent since its 64th 
and lust issue appeared in I9S2; two 
years ago. Yuri Shikhanovich. its 
editor, was sentenced to five years in 
a strict regime camp. 

The Unofficial Committee to In- 
vestigate Political Abuse of Psychi- 
atry in the USSR, set up in January 
1977 to protest against the forcible 

incarceration and drugging of politi- 
cal prisoners in psychiatric wards — 
many diagnosed as haying “sluggish 
schizophrenia”, a particular Soviet 
variation displaying no visible 
symptoms - has dissolved: of its 
eight founders, six have served camp 
sentences, one is in exile, and one 
still in labour camp. 

The five unofficial Helsinki mon- 
itoring groups have all been broken 
up; 16 members are still in prison or 
psychiatric hospital. Vladimir 
AJbrekht, the mathematician who 
became an underground crusading 
lawyer for the Moscow dissidents, 
has recently been resentenced, while 
still in a camp, to a second term fbr 
“malicious hooliganism", having 
reportedly refused to recant. Aged 
50. he is U1 and has lost 20 kilos. He 
has also been severely beaten. 


issi dents belong to no 
single cause or move- 
ment; their contacts are 
not so close nor their 
networks so efficient as 
those of the refuseniks, who are fbr 
easier to meet in Moscow. The 
dissident movement is by definition 
a very difficult animal. The 
refuseniks want only to leave, and 
because they are in constant touch 
with the West, and many speak 
English, their troubles are widely 
known. The campaigners lor human 
rights — the freedom to publish^ to 
meet, to move around, to practise 
their religion, to criticize — seek 
reform from within. They look for 
support at home and. fragmented 
and unsure, are easily overlooked. 

Perhaps not surprisingly, it is 
precisely those who have coura- 
geously embraced both causes who 
have been most punished. Sharansky 
received a 13-year sentence for his 
outspokenness. Professor Naum 
Meiman, a crusader for human 
rights and the last remaining un- 
official Helsinki monitor in Mos- 
cow. has never received a custodial 
sentence, but his story none the less 
tragic for that 

Meiman. a respected physicist, 
became involved in the Helsinki 
groups as they formed in the middle 
Seventies, rising to become the 
Moscow group’s spokesman as other 
leaders vanished into the camps. He 
speaks with some pride of the days 
when foreign journalists filled his flat 

in the West, but which has to be 
taken with caution. Among the 
dissidents in Moscow and Lenin- 
grad, there is a feeling that numbers 
may be shrinking, as slowly people 
are emerging from the camps, while 
fewer new arrests are being made. 

The monitoring of relig«ms i pris- 
oners tends to be the most re li able , 
partly because of the concent of thrir 
parent churches, partly because 
Keston College in Kant, a private 
research institute which monitors 
the state of religions belief in 
c rtmmimis t countries, keeps meticu- 
lons files - in August the college i 
knew of 40 ^ religious prisoners, 313 
of them Christians 

The fortunes of believers in the I 
Soviet Union have fluctuated wildly I 
since the revolution. Today, their 
leaders are forced to register their ! 
congregations with the state, and by 
so doing thev lose all rights to 
proselytize, to teach religion to j 
children other than their own, to 
appoint their own clergy and to 
decide the content of their sermons. 
Those who ignore these rules occa- 
sionally lose their own children, for 
they are considered unsuitable 

And gcxpdbye 
from him... 

-v J parents. 


to overflowing and Soviet ones stood 
warily in the hallway outside. "Be- 
tween 1979 and 1982," he says, “we 
published 200 documents on all 
conceivable rights." But in Septem- 
ber 1982, the Moscow group closed. 
“Too mqny of the younger, newer 
people were being arrested. We had 
to stop them joining. It had become 
too dangerous.” 

During those years, Meiman was 
harassed only in small ways: often ill 
and very isolated, his flat was 
bugged, his mail confiscated, his 
phone cut. But then a more effective 
way was found to chastise him. 

In 1980 Meiman married a univer- 
sity teacher of English. Within three 
years, Ina Meiman developed a 
cancerous tumour in her neck, 
touching the spine. In the Soviet 
Union there is as yet no laser 
equipment sensitive enough to re- 
move it The Mermans had invita- 
tions from surgeons in the West who 

had the equipment and were willing 
to pay all costs, but for three years 
they could not get the permission to 
accept them, even for the few weeks 
that surgery would take.“It was," 
says Meiman, a gentle and distin- 
guished man of 75, “a sort of 

Yesterday, however, they were 
told that Dr Eduard Shevardnadze, 
the Soviet foreign minister, bad 
given permission for Ina Meiman, 
who is now aged 53, to receive 
treatment abroad. The catch is that if 
she goes, she will not be allowed to 
re-enter the country", and her hus- 
band, who (like Dr Sakharov) is said 
to have had access to state secrets, 
will not be permitted to leave at alL 

No one knows how many people 
are imprisoned in the Soviet Union 
today for their unacceptable views. 
Amnesty International has a figure 
of 600; Sharansky has spoken of 
10,000, a figure now widely repeated 

any of the families of 
these prisoners live in 
the endlessly repeat- 
ing breeze-b lock 
apartment buildings 
that stretch out from Moscow arm 
Leningrad. the rooms are 

warm bin. s mall and sometimes 
shared with another family. They are 
colourless but not uncomfortable. 
Since most have disconne c ted 
phones, the practice is for visitors to 
arrive unannounced, explain that 
'they come from friends, and then 
write down who they are in case the 
apartments are bugged. 

Vera Tinrhenko is the wife of the 
pastor of Moscow's unregistered 
Baptists, a congregation of some 100 
people who refuse to accept the 
restrictions. For his pastoral work, 
and his Bible classes. Vladimir is 
serving three years in the camps. 

To mask our talk. Vera put on a 
music tape on a very old machine. 
She spoke of 150 Baptists, men and 
women, in the labour camps; she 
said that Jesus was looking after her 
and that her neighbours were kind; 
and she showed me a rough news- 
letter abets other imprisoned frnw 
fixes. I if she would want to 
emigrate, should Vladimir not be 
allowed bads to Moscow. She looked 
surprised. "I love my country," she 
replied. “I want to preach here." 

One of the photographs she 
showed me was of Vladimir 
Filippov, an imprisoned dissenting 
baptist from Leningrad. There, in 
ant>r>»»T suburb, another identical 
block, apart m ent 485 at the end of 
the red metro line, I found Anna, his 
wife, mother of six, a round, short, 
equally cheerful woman. 

She spoke no English, but putting 
her finger to her mouth to indicate 
caution, she produced a large box 
from under her bed and, talking, 
smiling, drew out some letters from 
baptists in Minnesota, full of prayers 
and concern, and a photograph of a 
pale boy plating ajuiitt. It was her 
son Andrei, like his father now in a 
labour camp. 

One of the few remaining groups is 
the Trust Grate, a peace group 
established in June 1982 to “create a 
climate of international trust in 
which multilateral disarmament 
could be secured”. Six of its founder 
members are in prison or psychiatric 
hospital; others are in exile. 

here’s a lot of waste in a 

U karting. Saiag a water 
sneke, it is a rather 
slender creature. As a result, 
cutting up its skin to make 
FiSofaxes leaves an awkward 
and useless edge. I&arusg 
Filofoxes therefore cost £200 
and upwards. 

This does not worry David 
Cofliscfion, an affable 49- 
year-old. if he chose to make 
Filofaxes out of sharkskin 
with ostrich inserts be coaid 
sell them. After aE, Steven 
Spielberg has a Filofox as do 
Brooke Shields and Mark 
Thatcher. Woody Alien has 
20 and it was his former 
girlfriend Diane Keaton who 
thought of the idea for the 
change holder insert. Mean- 
while in every Loudon bistro 
the little leather files sit on 
lunch-time tables. 

In 1930, Collischon and his 
wife Lesley bought a small 
company called Nonaan & 
HIM. Annual turnover was 
about £100,000. Founded in 
.3921, it had begun by import- 
ing a personal filing system 
from the United States. A 
secretary, Grace Scott, real- 
ised potential was being 
wasted and she persuaded the 
company to start manufac- 
turing in Britain. 

find it 

in your 

Thus was established a 
curious little market niche 
among the clergy and the 
military. Both professions 
seemed to feel the need for a 
small, loose-leaf filing system 
with plenty of handy inserts 
like Church Family Records 
or Troop Commander's Bible. 

Back in 1959, Collischon 
had bought one of the filing 
systems at Chisholm’s in 
Kingsway, the only London 
supplier, and wondered why 
they were not more widely 
available. Later be became a 
- wholesaler as a sideline to his 
fad-thne job and then in 1980 
was offered the company by 
the then owner, Joe Rider. 

His belief was that the 
portable filing system idea 
could be widely marketed asa 
tool. But be had 


Do you know what it is like to be really cold, with no 
way to get warm and nobody to turn to? We know. 
Friends of the Elderly have been helping the old and 
lonely for over eighty years. Every penny helps at 
such stark moments. These are proud old people 
who want to stay in their own homes despite 

Please be a friend and send a donation - today. 
You can be sure it will be used efficiently to provide 
for the old and needy, wherever they are. 

Friends of the Elderly can only cope ■ 
with a fraction of these sad cases. With 
your help we ca n do so much more 
to make old age a happy and 
dignified time- but we urgently 
need the funds. 

Please send donations to.- 
The Genera! Secretary. 

Fr lend s of the Elderlyi Dept. T 

42. Ebury Street. 

Registered chanty number: 220064 OF THE ELDERLY 
We also run eleven residential homes for the elderly. 

reckoned without the wave of 
organisation chic that was to 
sweep the market In the 
1980s it suddenly became 
fashionable to be efficient 
Odd bits of office gimmickry 
swamped the shops. Ffiofax, 
having beat rejected by 
Hatreds* stationery depart- 
ment, found its way into small 
leather goods and was in- 
stantly Fallen upon by ynppies 
and Knightsbridge dames. 

Last year the company 
turned over £5 million and is 
now planning to go public. 
The reasons are obvious 
eoough — expansion while the 
Fflofax name is still on top of 
the market 

sports now aceoont for 
one third of turnover 
and a new sales force, 
taken on 18 mouths ago, has 
spread the gospel all over 
England. Pr e vi ou sly ft was 
thought inconceivable that 
anybody in Bolton would 
spend £40 pins mi a hand- 
made leather file. 

Abroad, the product sells 
as high-qnafity and British. 
In Japan a hardback book 
telling the FDofox company’s 
history and listing donas of 
Filofax anecdotes has sold 
30,000 copies. 

Competitors are emerging 
afl the time, the most power- 
ful being Harper Honse in 
Los Angeles. At presort, 
Collischon occupies a tiny 
factory and office complex on 
the for side of Barkingside in 
Essex. To feed demand and 
exploit CoHiscbon’s ideas the 
company will have to grow 
bigger quickly. Yet it mast 
also retain its smooth, up- 
market image as well as the 
vast range of inserts. It is 
these attribntes which keeps 
the Ffiofox Fraternity - a 
dub formed in the United 
States — obsessed and 

boa used by the company's 
soccess.**I bought it thinking 
it wy nM be a nice little hobby. 
Perhaps I could expand its 
business sales. But there’s no 
way yoo can say to yourself I 
think 1*11 start a colt." 

On the table at which he 
speaks are the latest vari- 
ations - a Zandra Rhodes 
Ffiofox^ a wfaipsnake Filofax 
and, yes, a sharkskin Filofax 
wi|h ostrich inserts. 

Bryan Appleyaid 

lu ins 

The card that saves 

Christmas greetings 

may be rescuing a 

peasant economy 

in distant Nepal 

Laxrai Shobha is disabled, not 
badly, but enough to make 
working with the other women 
in the fields at the foot of the 
Himalayas too onerous. There 
was a time when her only 
prospect was to remain at 
home, dependent on the char- 
ity of her ageing parents. Now 
she has a job. She may have 
made oue of the Christmas 
cards on your mantiepiece. 

Lax mi is one of Z000 
Nepalese peasants who have 
been given not only a job bat a 
new way of life by a greeting 
cards project The project 
begins with shrubs that grow 
at altitudes of between 6,000 
and 10,000 feet on the north- 
ern slopes of the Himalayas 
and raises money to finance 
clean water systems, health 
centres, schools and second- 
ary income-genera ting 
schemes in one of the poorest 
countries in the world. 

The greetings card factory, 
started by Umcef in 1981 m 
the ancient town of Bhaktapur 
to the . east of Kathmandu, 
exported eight million rupees 
(about £250,000) worth of 
hand-made cards and paper 
this year. 

The project grew out of a set 

of problems. In a country, 
which was already more than 
90 per cent dependent upon a 
fragile agriculture, two of the 
country’s traditional in- 
dustries had. been in decline 
for a generation and were 
threatened with extinction. 

Papermaking had been one 
of the proudest of traditional 
Nepalese crafts since the 1 1th 
century. The technique had 
changed little until 
the Chinese Cultural Revolu- 
tion ‘in 1969, when many of 
the monasteries which had 
bought the paper - they used 
it for copying scriptures - 
were closed and the 
papermakers’ market dis- 
appeared almost overnight 

At first the papermakers 
persisted in the hope of find- 
ing new markets but thj 

depredations of middlemen 
and moneylenders forced 
many to abandon their craft. 
Then the introduction of ma- 
chine- made paper from India 
satisfied demand 

There was a similar story 
from the wood-bjock printers 
whose hand-carved blocks 
were traditionally used to 
print patterns on the locally 
woven cloth, which was the 
mainstay of the indigenous 
textile industry. Their old 
skills were made redundant by 
imported machine-printed 

Unicef field worker, Kath- 
leen Peterson, first saw the 

A market that 

Nepal change: Laxnri S bo ha and ; 
one of the cards that changed the i 
lives of thousands 

outlying child-care centres, a 
community health system and 
schools. They have also estab- 
lished water systems and 
plantations for wood fuel 

In the Bhaktapur workshop, 
which provides jobs for 46 
women and 42 men. the 
workers have established a co- 
operative style of manage- 
ment A code of practice 
ensures that a certain percent- 
age of the workforce must be 
disabled and that only one 
member of a family can be 
employed so that the benefits 
are spread throughout the 

“The factory has changed 
my life," said Laxmi, who has 
worked in the paper-folding 
room since the factory 
opened “Now I no longer live 
with my parents. I have 
married one of the printers 
here and we have just built our 
own bouse with a loan from 
the factory's staff credit fund" 

Under its new general man- 
ager, Bishnu Shrestba, a young 
Nepali who trained in the 
British and German printing 
industries, the factory has 

On Christmas Eve, for the 
last time, the frudtily authori- 
tative tones of John Timpson 
will growl "A very good 
morning to you", and then 
vanish forever from our 
sleepy grey dawns. It is, in a 
modest way, the end of an era 
in British radio. 

Timpson has harrumphed 
away the early mornings 
alongside such diverse stable- 
mates as Jack de Mania, 
Robert Robinson, Brian Red- 
head and — for three-and-a- 
haif years in the late 
Seventies — me. Now his 
idiosyncratic jokes, 
punchlined with the in- 
evitable basso “Ho-Hol". will 
be heard no more: except, 
within decorous limits, on 
Any Questions. 

Listeners to Today, a loyal 
and pugnacious bunch, are 
already loudly mourning his 
departure. The motorist who 
once wrote to him saying “I 
looked around me, when you 
told that joke, and everyone 

In traffic jams and 
elsewhere, lots of ns 
will feel a loss 


laughing too", will fed a real 
loss in his life. Lots of us will 

He has not, of course, been 
on every single morning. In 
the old de Mania days, John 
did briefly have to get up at 
five every day of the week; 
but since then the Today rota 
has merely demanded of 
Timpson and Redhead, its 
centra] fixed stars, a three or 
four days a week presence. 
They have been supple- 
mented by such voices as 
Peter Hobday and Sue 

John's tenure has not even 
been continuous: during the 
disastrous experiment of the 
mid-Seventies when half the 
programme came from Man- 
chester, half from London, 
and h was further split into 
short sections by a dreadful 
melee called “Up To The 
Hour", John Timpson was 
right out of it aO for nearly 
two years, trying his luck at 
television with the revived 
Tonight programme. 

Television did nothing for 
him, but turning back to his 
old job on a revived Today 
was only made bearable by 
the editor’s depiction of John 
coming like a sort of King 
Arthur to save his old king- 
dom in its darkest hour. 
Brian Redbead was brought 
down from Manchester, and I 
joined them as a third voice. 

You don’t have to be 
friends, exactly, but a curious 
sort of symbiosis develops 
between co-presenters at that 
dim hour of day. “It’s like an 
old marriage," says John. 
“Isn’t it? You may bicker 
between yourselves, but no- 
body else is allowed to criti- 
cize either of you.** 
Presenting Today is a com- 
plicated craft job: you must 
hit fixed time points with 
precision, cut off garrulous 
Ministers in time to get 
Thought For The Day" on, 
think of quick one-liners to 
change the pace; without 
taking more than eight sec- 
onds over them. 

Old, practised presenters 
get into grudgingly altruistic 
habits like scribbling correc- 
tions on one another’s script: 
how many typists have sleep- 
ily put “now" instead of 
not”, and would have 
committed governments to 
improbable policies, had we 
not checked one another’s 
scripts as well as our own? As 
Timpson said, reminiscing 
about die relationship, “You 
don't drop one another in it, 
do you? Unless, of course, 
you really mean to . . .” 

He has worked far more 
with Brian Redhead lately, 
and there was something 
heartfelt about John's speech 
on receiving his solo, splen- 
did surprise of a Sony Award 
for long-term services to 
broadcasting earlier this year. 

I don’t always get any of 
these," he said “without my 
little hairy friend beside me." 

He is a BBC man of the old 
school; the Timpson genera- 
tion of radio journalists rose 
through the ranks, develop- 
ing its patina, emerging only 
in middle-age as front rank 
presenters. He had been a 
reporter,' and a junior Court 
correspondent under the rev- 
erent leadership of Godfrey 
Talbot (“I like to think that as 
for as royal reporting went, I 

John Timpson is 
leaving his Today 
hot-seat on 
Christmas Eve. 
Libby Pnrves says 
her farewells 

was where the rot set in"}: be 
was a Sewsdesk man with 
Peter Woods, and then de 
Manio’s junior partner. 

He is a total professional: a 
straight, polite interviewer 
whose politics are publicly 
neutral Above all. he is a 
purveyor of beautifully 
crafted jokes. The Timpson 
Joke, even if it starts life as a 
feeblish line stolen from a 
newspaper diary, is a wonder- 
fid thing: like a steam engine, 
all gleaming, finely en- 
gineered and weD-ofled pis- 
tons. chuffing at a measured 
pace towards the Goal puff of 
smoke and “ho-ho!". 

He has cross, grumpy, 
cantankerous mornings: but 
when, in the old days. I would 
be on rite point of braining 
John with a waste-paper bas- 
ket, some spontaneous but 
beautifully paced Timpson 
Joke would disarm me. When 
we won the award given by 
Mary Whrtehouse's Viewers 
and Listeners Association for 
being a good dean pro- 
gramme. someone said un- 
kindly “That’ll please your 
neighbours, John" (he was 
caricatured as archetypal 
Home Counties Man, in con- 
trast to the archetypal young, 

John stirred his tea plac- 

John Timpson: lonely dinners 

muter BBC canteen lights 

idly. “Ah yes," he said. 
“They’ll be dancing in the 
streets in Chorleywood." 
Pause. “It'll be the veieta, 
mind you, but they’ll be 

All that is over now. 
Chorleywood is over, too; 
after 20 years, John and his 
wife Pat are moving back to 
Norfolk, and he will have a 
column in the paper he 
started his career on, the 
Eastern Daily Press. The 
Chorleywood house is sold, 
and for his last month on 
Today John has led an uneasy 
half-bachelor existence, stay- 
ing in an hotel behind 
Broadcasting House and eat- 
ing lonely suppers under the 
stark lights and tinsel gar- 
lands of the BBC canteen. I 

You get up early and 
drink gallons of very 
nasty coffee 

asked him why, really why, 
he was off. “Had enough of 
getting up. Pat’s had enough 
of my getting up. Just had 
enough." He is only 58, but 
Today takes its toll physically 
even on a three-day cycle. 
You get up very early, you 
drink gallons of nasty coffee, 
you have a whisky and a 
marmite sandwich at 9 am to 
revive you. Brian Redhead 
once said that if a normal 
person felt the way we felt by 
10 every morning, he would 
see a doctor immediately. 

“Quit while you’re win- 
ning, I say,” Timpson ob- 
serves. “Mind you. I’ve said 
tiiat once too often. The other 
day, at some gathering, I said 
it and some young man got 
up and said, ‘What makes 
you think you’re winning? 
You should have gone years 
ap- ” And he foughi a 
short bark of self-mockery. It 
is a sound I shall mi« in the 

O Than Nampapan LU 13N 

advantages of reviving the two 
industries in a card printing 
project The result ms been 

not only revitalization of the -r~ 

old crafts but the creation of n^^«gmted^rapaciiy 
organizational skills among from 140,000 to 200,000 cards 

the factory's mottled ivory 
coloured paper feature tar 
duional Nepalese designs. 
They have no greeting inside 
so they can be used all year 
round. But the message of self- 
determination each one car- 
ries needs no words. 

the communities which have 
changed other aspects ofldfe in 
the remoteuplands The lokta 
gatherers who took advantage 
of low-cost credit and 
conservation training have 
used their new organisational 
skills and profits to build 
clean-water drinking systems 
in a country where only 1 1 per 
cent of the population has 
access to uncontaminated 

The rural papermakers have 
used their profits w^fcuiJd 

Paul Vallely 

Bhaktapur Craft Printers 
cards are available at Unicef, 1 
Kings Road. Chelmsford CM1 
IFP (Teh 0245 84622) . . . 


1 Address (6) 

5 Pigeon shelter (4) 

8 Grass leaf (5) 

9 Etuckrmis{7) 

II Setting (8) 

13 Wear out (4) 

15 Exact copy (9) 

18 Deserve (4) 

19 Body appearance (8) 

22 Four Seasons com- . 
poser (7) 

23 Russian pancakes (5) 

24 Pompous type (4) 

25 Annually (6) 


2 Fteriod(5) 

3 LookoverP) 

.4 Sagoo (2,3,44) _ 

5 Snlipoena(4) 

6 Having touch sense 


1^0 Triangular s«0fd (4J 

12 Curves (4) 

14 Strike off target (4) 

15 Eternally (7) 

16 Diesel oil (4) 

J7 He/she made ii (5) 

5 5* her P en (5> 

21 Mock (4) 

tiier scarf (3) 




Why the credit card deck is stacked 

How is it possible for people to run tip so 
much debt so quickly? Lee RodweU went 
shopping for high street credit grid collected 
£ 8,000 worth of it with amazing ease. 
Trouble is, she could never pay it flll back 

ChartBS Matgan 

omorrow, if I wished, 
I could go on a Christ- 
mas spending spree to 


■ the tune of nearly 
£8,000. 1 have not had 
a win on the pools or 
cleaned up on the Stock Market. I 
have acquired a dutch of credit 
cards, most of them from shops. 

With them, I can put petrol in 
the car and have it serviced, 
redecorate the house, buy clothes 
for myself and the children, stock 
the larder, buy presents for the 
whole family and goodness knows 
what else. 

Vet I know that if I used these 
cards to their limits, I simply 
could not afford even the mini- 
mum monthly repayments (which 
would add up to around £400 a 
month and, given the interest 
charged on the outstanding debt, 
would do little to reduce the 
overall amount owed). 

Three years ago the National 
Consumer Council called for a 
review of multiple credit card use, 
pointing out that the brake on 
excessive spending provided by a 
card's limit was effectively re- 
moved when people were issued - 
with several cards. Yet since then, 
the pressures have increased for 
people to have multiple cards. 

At present, store cards are a 
relatively small section of the total 
credit market According to fig- 
ures released by the Trustee 
Savings Bank, bank-issued credit 
cards account for 19.4 million of 
the 25 million plastic cards in use, 
and store cards for five million. 

But the store card proportion is 
growing. It is a situation which 
worries experts like Ann Andrews, 
of the Money Advice Centre in 
Birmin gham, and joint author of 

How to Cope With Credit and 
Deal with Debt 

She says: “lam concerned about 
the way credit is pushed at 
customers - one chain employs 
hostesses whose sole job is to open 
credit accounts for people. They 
are on a low basic salary and get 
commission for each account. 
Other stores operate some kind of 
bonus system for staff 

“The trouble .with credit is that 
it erodes your normal common 
sense about money. It is made to 
look easy, attractive. If a store says 
you can have credit, you think that 
if they say it's all right it must be 
all right.” 

The application forms for some 
of the cards ask for a list of regular 

‘Despite calls for 
review, the pressures 
■ have increased for 
people to have 
multiple cards 9 

outgoing payments such as mort- 
gages. They all ask for a list of 
other credit cards held. But shop- 
pers can apply for a batch of new 
cards all at the same time, as I did, 
so there is no way of knowing for 
certain whether an applicant is 
likely to get too for into debt 
Credit companies usually refuse 
to explain exactly how they deter- 
mine an applicant’s credit-worthi- 
ness. But as a general principle, the 
companies use statistics to work 


the questionnaire on an applica- 
tion form, each “good” or “bad” 
answer is given a score. The total 
score enables a company to assess 
the ' probable payment 

The company may also check 
with a credit reference agency to 
see if the potential client has been 
a bad payer in the past, or if he or 
she already uses store credit cards. 

On paper, I looked a good bet 
when 1 applied for the new cards— 
an owner-occupier in my late 
thirties, with no record of bad 
debt, used to coping with credit (I 

have an Access and an American 
Express card), with a bank ac- 
count, a husband, two children 
and a job. 

But although I earn a good 
income as a self-employed journ- 
alist, I declined to fill in details 
about my husband’s employment, 
and while admitting that I paid a 
certain amo unt out each month 
for the mortgage and the rates 
there was no space on the form for 
the other demands on my income 
—paying the bills, buying food and 
clothes, miming a car and so on. 

Only one company, Sears, 

which includes Selfiidges, John 
Lewis, Miss Selfridge and Olym- 
pus Sports, wanted the name and 
address of my accountants so that 
they could get a reference from 
them. Everyone else was prepared 
to take my word for it 

In feet, Fenwick at Brent Cross 
asked for no information at all 
about my salary and when they 
sent me their Personal Account 
card, they did not indicate a 
spending limit. 

Given that the details asked for 
on all the forms were much the 

same, there were surprising dif- 
ferences in the amount of credit 
allocated to me. 

Some companies invited me to 
apply for a particular amount and 
presumably bore my request in 
mind when they set the credit 
limit. Others simply told me how 
much credit 1 could have. 

With the Mothercare Storecard, 
which can also be used at any of 
tbe Storehouse group of com- 
panies — British Home Stores, 
Habitat, Richards and Heals — I 
was told that my limit was £600. 
Yet, with for less information to go 
on, Fenwick felt I was good for 

I asked for £1,500 at Marks and 
Spencer and got iL My local 
department store Owen Owen 
gave me tbe £1,000 1 specified, as 
did Harrods and Renault (you can 
use their Custom Card for petrol, 
accessories, pans, servicing and 
car rental at any Renault dealer 
displaying the Renault Custom 

But Harvey Nichols decided 
£1,000 credit was too high and set 
tbe limit at £750, while Laura 
Ashley knocked it down even 

‘Only one company 
wanted the name of 
my accountants. The 
rest just took my 
word for it’ 

further to £600. Even so, I was able 
to add eight cards to my existing 
Access card, bringing tbe total 
amount of credit available to me 
to £7,940. Tempting, to say the 

A number of the companies 
who run their own in-store credit 
card operations belong to the 
Finance Houses Association. Its 
deputy secretary, Alistair Mac- 
donald, says: “We think that the 
best protection against over- 
commitment is the establishment 
of a National Credit Register. 

“Banks, building societies and 

mqjor credit companies like 
Barclaycard and Access would 
feed information in. We have also 
wondered whether local authori- 
ties and public utilities might be 
involved in this.” 

Mr Macdonald feels that that the 
multiple use of credit cards is nota 
big problem at present But he 
adds: “If the National Credit 
Register does not develop, then I 
am not sure I would have such a 
relaxed and sanguine attitude.” 

Meanwhile, Ann Andrews says 
that some stores who run credit 
card schemes could do more to 
check their customers’ financial 
circumstances. She says: “If they 
asked for more information about 
income and outgoings, not only 
would they elimina te people who 
are dishonest but it would make 
everyone think a little more 
carefully about what they are 
getting into. 

“They should also look at the 
way they treat people who foil into 
arrears. On tbe one hand you have 
people marketing the cards as if 
there is no tomorrow . . . and on 
the other hand there are the 
arrears staff really kicking you if 
things go wrong.” 

She says people should think 
twice before taking up a shop’s 
offer of instant credit “When it 
comes to using credit cards people 
tend not to think about the 
interest rate they will be paying. It 
is crazy that people will shop 
around for ages to find the best 
price for a washing machine, but 
they won’t shop around for the 
credit to buy it with. 

“The rates on credit cards are 
high - many people would be 
better off with a personal loan 
from their bank. The trouble is 
that when you buy on credit you 
gamble with your future ability to 
pay. People don’t think their 
marriage will break down or they 
will lose their job. But these things 

Somebody pass the scissors. 

© Timas Nawspapera Ltd 19S6 

How to Cope With Credit and 
Deal with Debt (Unwin Paper- 
backs. £2.95) 

A star possessed 
of high anxiety 

The publicity officer at the 
Haymarkei Theatre in Leices- 
ter, where Natasha Richard- 
son is performing in High 
Society , has obviously got her 
hands foil. “Whatever you do, 
don’t show Natasha that 
you’ve got a copy of the 
programme. She can’t bear 
what it says about her.” She 
pauses and looks round 
apprehensively. “Natasha will 
be along in a minute. It usually 
takes her a while to get ready.” 

In foci, when she finally 
appears, having readied her- 
self for the photographer, she 
looks natural and unaffected. 
“Where do you want to do the 
photographs? In my dressing 
room? Right, follow me.” As 
we approach her dressing 
room, she pauses at the door 
and seems momentarily 
embarrassed. “Please give me 
a minute. It’s like inviting 
someone into your bedroom.” 

Inside, she is very anxious 
not to give the wrong im- 
pression. She catches my 
glance at several half-drunk 
bottles of wine and quickly 
says, “They’re not mine. I 
share this with five other 
people. This is my end of the 

Natasha Richardson — 
daughter of Vanessa Redgrave 
and Tony Richardson — has a 
surprisingly formidable pres- 
ence. At times she seems shy. 

With High Society 
about to reach 
London, upwardly 
mobile Natasha 
Richardson is set 
to take another 
step on the ladder 

almost embarrassed by tbe 
interest being shown m her. At 
others, she is very self-assured 
and relaxed, pleased to be the 
centre of attention. She is 
aware of the effect she has on 
people, but not quite sure yet 
how to exploit it to her best 
advantage. , 

“It’s very easy to be dis- 
tracted by success”, she says. 
“Things have gone so well I 
feel incredibly lucky. I get this 
sick feeling sometimes and 
think that everything will start 
going horribly wrong.” 

She went to the Central 
School of Speech and Drama 
in 1980, and got her first 
professional acting job at 
Leeds Playhouse in 1983.. 
After performing in three 
plays in as many months she 
earned her theatrical spurs 
and obtained an Equity card- 

After that she was Helena in 
the Hyde Park production of 
Midsummer Night's Dream 
and Ophelia in Hamlet at tbe 
Young Vic. Her first break 
came in 1985. 

“My first big part was 
playing Nina in Charles 
Sturridge’s production of The 
Seagu/tNina is one of the best 
parts for young actresses. It 
was wonderful because when 
it was re-cast my mother got 
the main female lead, amt I 
was able to act with her 
alongside John Hurt Working 
with Charles Sturridge (he 
directed Brideshead Revisited) 
and people of the calibre of 
John Hurt and my Mother 
was incredibly, what’s the 
word . . T She throws up her 
hands, unable to express the 
sheer enormity of the experi- 
ence. It was clearly a young 
actress's dream. 

After The Seagull she got 
her first television role, a part 
in ITVs Sherlock Holmes 
series, and went on to her first 
film, the abom-to-be-released 
A Month In The Country. 
Most recently, she played 
Frankenstein's creator, Mary 
Shelley, in Ken Russell's 

“I'm not naked at all”, she 
hastens to say. “I managed to 
keep my clothes on all the 
time. You see a bit ofleg and a 

Natasha Bkhardsos: yes, connections tend to open doors 

lot of arm and that’s it Gothic 
was an incredibly gruelling 
experience. At the end, Ken 
said, ‘Well, you've survived* 
and that's just about how I 

She didn’t experience much 
difficulty adapting from the 
stage to the screen. “When yon 
do film work, it's much more 
focused. It's like that — “she 
presses her hands tightly to- 

gether by her forehead, fingers 
pointing outwards, and screws 
up her eyes — “rather than 
that” — she throws out her 
arms, wide, like a swan. “But I 
enjoy both." 

Playing Tracey Samantha 
Lord in High Society, she is 
aware of the responsibility of 
stepping into Katherine Hep- 
bum and Grace Kelly’s shoes. 
“I think one of the most 

important things to get right, 
apart from the singing and 

dancing of course, is the 
American accent. I can’t bear 
phoney American accents.” 

All her life she has been 
aware of being better-con- 
nected than most and, despite 
her obvious talent, makes no 
attempt to deny the advan 1 
tages this has given her. 

“When I started, being who I 
was certainly opened a lot of 
doors.” Far the time being, 
however, she remains stub- 
bornly unmoved by the star- 
studded world she is poised to 

“I'm really not that in- 
terested in money. Money 
would never affect a decision 
of mine about work. If I was 
interested in feme and money 
(she spits it out with disgust) 
I'd be hot-footing it to Dallas 
and Dynasty.” So she’d prefer 
to be Joan Plowright than 
Joan Collins? “I'd prefer to be 
Natasha Richardson". 

Being Natasha Richardson 
obviously involves not getting 
too above herself or growing 
up loo fosL The other day, she 
and her co-star, Steven Rae, 
were having supper at tbe 
Leicester Holiday Inn when 
she saw Veronica Howell sit- 
ting at the next table. “I 
started getting very excited 
and pointing and saying: 
“Look, look, it’s that woman 
from Hill Street Blues." Ste- 
ven just told me to shut up 
and stop being such an idiot 
But I can’t help it I don’t 
know what I'd do if I met 
Michael Caine. I'd probably 

Toby Young 

Twins need not be 
double trouble 

A friend has asked me to look 
after her elderly mother for a 

few days. The, in a flash, it 
occurred to me that my 
contemporaries are no longer 
of an age to ask one to mind 
their children for a bit dm 
said c hildr en now being old 
enough to wear desig ner st ub- 
ble and engagement rings. 

I enjoyed die era of commu- 
nity child-care since, as 
everyone knows, yon can take 
a rhiM anywhere as long as 
it’s out The brat who^at 
home, eats bananas with 
tomato ketchup and hangs his 
clothes on the floor turns into 
little Prince Charming as 
soon as be is off-loaded on to 
somebody else. I always 
brand it incredible^ whess 
collecting a child of mine from 
a neighbour. Id learn that be 
used the grape-scissors with 

aplomb and insisted on (Hog 
his homework- 

Some streets, especially 
those in NWi, got things so 
brilliantly organic that no 
parents ever had to be at 
home with their own insuffer- 
able offspring but were al- 
ways babysitting at a msaa s 
boose where the reside®* 
chil dren, faced with a mother 
who didn't belong to them* 
were perfectly angelic an® 
quite often asleep* 

I have heard that Ais 
neighbourly child-watch 
scheme came to an end when 
parents on the reg*!*J 
rota, bored with 

out the 



— O , 

a rivalry 
uning six-year- 

desk drawers and bedside 

Nevertheless, the chBd-go- 
ronnd schemes remain an 
indispensable aid to sane 
motherhood and I hope that, 
now I am qualified to take 
port in the mother-go-round 
arrangement, sanity will con- 
tinue to prevaU. My hopes of 
this are high since elderly 
adults, like small children, 
are ranch nicer to have around 
when released from the bo- 
som of their immediate 

As the vears roll bv. neonl* 

tad to tell the same stories 
over and over again. This is 
tiresome for an audience that 
is always hi attendance since 
it already knows the 
pnnchMna. Yet aged parents, 
like provincial comedians, 
can find love and appreciation 
wherever they go, as tong as 
they are sent out on a 
permanent tonr. 

One reason why I shall be 
happy to supervise other 
people's parents is that we 
don't share a history of 
mutual misdemeanours. I am 
still slightly miffed at my own 
mother because, when I was 
five site bought me a camel- 
coloured coat instead of, the 
cberry-red one I coveted. And 
-I don't think she's forgiven 
me for not being made a 

Other people's parents al- 
ways compare one favourably 
wito theft own growiHip chil- 
dren. My own mother thinks I 
wear peculiar clothes and that 
X spot the most unsuitable 
.man in the world si a hundred 
paces and make straight for 
him. My friends’ mothers 

think riwr 1 am a faghipn 

original and know sack in- 
teresting people. 

It is a0 rather like the old 
chiU-sharing days when 
one's dgng hfer would report 
tint Henrietta's mother nude 
all the doll’s house furniture 
herself even thongh she was a 
foil-time brain-surgeon. One 
could handle this with perfect 
equanimity since the chances 
were that Henrietta was tell- 
ing her mother that you coeld 
tap-dance and make choc- 
olate icing at foe same time. 

Is there anybody in there? 

My telephone answering ma- 
chine threw a fit the other day, 
malevolently blowing rasp- 
berries and refusing to turn 
itself off The painter, whom I 
had left slap-happy and sing- 
ing at the stop ofa step ladder, 
was reduced to a state of near- 
speechless fury by this ear- 
splitting version of the 
Chinese water torture. The 
simple expedient of hitting the 
“off” switch did not occur to 

Most people still treat 
answering machines like elec- 
tronic prima donnas, to be 
approached only with extreme 
caution. At the sound of the 
“beep” they either dam up 
entirely or carefully adopt the 
kind of stilted tones nonnally 
reserved for addressing elderly 
deaf aunts. The most coherent 
message I ever received was a 
whole tape full of intricate 
details about central heating 
services - directed to some- 
one else. The poor chap was 
obviously so busy not being 
intimidated by my machine 
he bad neglected to notice it 
was the wrong name and 

Be all that as it may, 
answering machines may lurk 
in many a Christmas box this 
year. No-one knows exactly 
how many of the things are 
currently in use, but British 
Telecom puts the figure at 
somewhere around 300,000, 
which leaves plenty of scope 
for the marketing men. Bl”s 
own ijjtaoe includes the Robin 

Phones madden, but 

are machines the 
sanest answer? 

at £99.96 (“When you’re out, 
tbe Robin’s in”), and the more 
sophisticated Kingfisher at 
£165, offering a “high-flying 
combination of up to the 
minute technology and sleek 
looks” according to tbe pub- 
licity blurb. Alternative mod- 
els — mostly imported — are 
now widely available from 
discount shops. 

When I got myself wired up, 
my family was deeply scorn- 
fuL My father, who has only 
recently accepted tbe tele- 
phone as a necessary evil, left 
messages so clipped and 
businesslike I did not rec- 
ognize him. Everyone else, 
who took its presence as a 
personal affront, flatly refused 
to use it on the assumption 
that I was simply too my to 
answer myself. I confess to 
using it occasionally in the 
bath - no more soggy tele* 
phone directories and frozen 
feet - or at the childrens’ 
teatime, when the noise 
reaches levels unacceptable to 
any Factory Inspectorate. 

But mostly, tbe intention is 
to use it for work except that I 
often forget to turn it on. And 
no system has yet been de- 
vised sophisticated enough to 
cope with that particular 


..In tbe telephone-happy 

United States, answering ma- 
chines are an essential. Many 
people leave them perma- 
nently switched on to sc r een 
out unwanted callers, cutting 
in only if they want a “real" 
conversation. When Mark 
Thatcher's engagement to 
Texan car dealer’s daughter 
Diane Bergdorf was an- 
nounced, his future in-laws 
used the family machine to 
leave a “We’re delighted" 
message for reporters. Among 
media types, the latest fed is 
to leavea message recorded tv 
a famous actor - preferably 
one with a sexy voice. 

Answering machines are 
marketed as pan of a hectic 
young upward and outwardly 
mobile lifestyle. The brochure 
for the Apollo 4000 
Answereall “for people going 
places” features the departing 
backs of a yotmg couple, she 
with soft-focus hennaed hair, 
he with Hawaiian shirt and an 
aggressively muscular grip on 
his sports bag. They bristle 
with importance. 

Until someone invents an 
answering machine that really 
answers back, it will be a long 
time before they are fully 
accepted in this country. My 
painter should know. He had 
one once, but abandoned it 
after h chewed up its tape and 
offended all his old lady 
customers. Now he uses his 

Sally Dugan 

© Ttw* LM vm 

From Joan Parkes, 

Rye. East Sussex. 

I refer to Josephine Fairley’s 
Twinning Ways (Wednesday 
Page, December 10). 

My twins were bun at 
borne in 1955. I had a very 
easy labour — three boors in 
all - and they were bun at 
1230 and 12.40 am weighing 
six pounds cadi. Their sister 
was 16 months old, and 1 had 
two other daughters aged 8 
and 12. I also had a job, 
working for a GPand living in 
■ flat over foe surgery. 

I had a school-leaver as 
mother's help, a defining 
lady, and a writer-husband 
who helped a lot. 1 was 
extremely lucky to have been 
able to breast feed them — 
simultaneously, little heads 
tucked under each arm. 

life had to be strictly 
scheduled right from foe first 
day, and I must stress that 
this would not have been 
possible had 1 not followed 
the regime of Sir Tmby Sing, 
now looked down upon. 

The day began at about 
530 am, feeds were given at 
four hour intervals, and 1 was 
able to return to my job. I'm 
not saying they didn't cry 
between meals, bat they were 
never fed, just picked Bp, 
coddled, and put down again. 

Very harsh, according to 
modern day teaching, bat I 
was able, with help, to con- 
tinue to enjoy my job, to write 


one or two children's stories, 
and to experience great plea- 
sane in their babyhood. 

From Hilary M. Macklin, 
Buckhaven. Fyfe. 

There is a perfectly good 
reason for the Army’s reluc- 
tance to allow its female 
officers to have children and 
keep their jobs (Maternity 
and the Military, Monday 
Page, December 15). 

The Army is there to 
defend the country in the 
event of war. That defence 
would sorely he terribly im- 
paired if some of oar defend- 
ers were lying in a maternity 
ward, holding babies in their 

I do not make this point 
lightly. As we all know, 
pregnancy causes consid- 
erable changes in the nature 
and temperament of new 
mothers, the effects iff which 
may last years, if not perma- 
nently. These changes may 
impair soldiering ability to a 
perilous degree. 

I would also suggest that 
becoming pregnant is a ter- 
rible waste of years of precise 
and vital training. I am not 
against any young women 
suddenly feeling the urge to 
start a family before her 
Arm; career is over, bat she 
ought to see the day she acts 
on that arge as being the end 
of her job in the forces. 

• ranter % ;jasgv**^. aren . jpmmnp • 

, f?B7 M 

; . •• . {- 'jet--.'?. i’vJ'H • •• 

.y ' ■ - V * ■_ 

' tO0N C& BoRd:Stj7Ql femdsd ''^sSSh*^ 


29 Ume St. 

"5 Coi£$t 


Michael Meadowcroft 


Greetings on 
the House 

After my revelations about the 
“Ulster Says Nod" festive mis- 
sives sent out by Sammy Wilson, 
Lord Mayor of Belfast, I hear that 
not all his Loyalist colleagues 
think kquitc the same. Despite 
their boycott of Westminster, 
some Unionist opponents of the 
Hillsborough agreement are send- 
ing the House of Commons 
offi cial Christmas card to their 
constituents. One exception is 
Harold McCusker, deputy leader 
of the Official Unionists, who in 
this respect finds himself at odds 
with tus Democratic Unionist 
counterpart, Peter Robinson, and 
his leader, James Molyneaux. He 
tdls me: “I have no intention of 
associating myself with such a 
charade. Why should I take 
advantage of the House of Com- 
mons facility when I haven't sat in 
the place for more than a year?” 

In the red 

Jeffrey Archer’s resignation as 
Tory vice-chairman is proving 
expensive to the host of Conser- 
vative associations who had 
booked him as the star attraction 
for their annual dinners. In mar- 
ginal Richmond and Barnes, 
where the dinner is the year's 
biggest fundraising event, the 
whole shebang has been shelved. 
One Tory insider tells me the 
Archer withdrawals could cost loo 
al organizations throughout the 
country thousands of pounds — at 
a time when all want to stock their 
coffers for an election campaign. 

On the list 

Peter Walker and his PPS, Ste- 
phen Darrell, are employing curi- 
ous tactics to keep the Young 
Conservatives wet Last week 
Dorrell booked a room in the 
Palace of Westminister to twist the 
arms of disaffected wets from the 
Federation of Conservative Stu- 
dents into joining the Greater 
London Young Conservatives, 
which, to Walker's dismay, has 
become the preserve of the Tory 
right. I fear this particular attempt 
at moist entryism may be foiled, 
for an alert right-wing researcher 
had booked the room next door, 
and, for future reference, noted the 
names of all present. 


The usually dynamic Richard 
Branson will be remarkably still in 
the New Year. Following the 
example of the late Lord Shin well, 
he is to have his portrait painted 
by the 82-year-old Waldron West, 
with the £1,500 fee going to the 
Royal Marsden Hospital's devel- 
opment appeal. In Shin well’s case 
the donation was generously in- 
flated by cheques from members 
of the House of Lords and the 
Commons, among them Mrs 
Thatcher. Will she do the same for 
her blue-eyed anti-litter boy? 


nr fernl 

^ ■1 Doctor [ 


^ QU1T5 = | 

‘Not another AflJswce split . . 

Hope abandoned 

Father Michael Winter, a prom- 
inent member of the Movement 
for the Ordination of Married 
Men for the past ten years; is 
resigning from the priesthood. 
“After slaving away all this time, 
he has been very disappointed by 
the lack of response from Catholic 
bishops,” said Father Michael 
Gaine, chairman of the move- 
ment Gould it be that Father 
Winter, now a lecturer at the 
Anglican Chichester Theological 
College, has personal reasons, not 
unconnected with the campaign, 
to abandon his vow of celibacy? 
He is not saying. 

Flying high 

Lebanese embassy officials, who 
have represented Syrian interests 
in London since the post-Hindawi 
expulsion of the Syrian ambas- 
sador, are flying their country's 
flag above the Syrian embassy in 
Bdgrave Square. With 25,000 
Syrian troops occupying parts of 
Lebanon, they are c laiming that 
the embassy 1 $ the only part of 
Syria under Lebanese occupation. 


A little-known bust of the late : 
Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethio- , 
pia, has been given a new and 
more secure home in a park near 
Wimbledon Common. Until now 
it has been hidden beneath a leafy 
mulberry bush in a secluded 
corner of the park, arousing fears 

that it might prove too tempting a 
target for trophy-hunting Rasta- 
farians. The Rasta penchant for 
objects linked with the Emperor, 
who is revered as the Messiah in 
the West Indian-based religion, 
has fed to at least one court case 
over stolen library books. The 
bust in question dates from 
Selassie’s flight to Britain from the 
Italian invaders 50 years ago, and 
was originally housed at the 
nearby home of his friends, the 

A i a i • iviicnaei : 

master plan for planning TTfoithTor 

5 inquiries are falling into. \yy Geoffrey RippOll ACI O I IcU " 

Planning inquiries are falling into 
disrepute. The protracted agony of 
the SizeweU inquiry — the report is 
now reaching ministers four years 
after it began - must never be 
repeated. Law and procedure need 
drastic revision to remove delay. 
At the same time, environmental 
protection must not only be 
retained but strengthened. 

Zeal for reform has gathered 
momentum. The House of Com- 
mons select committee on the 
environment concluded that plan- 
ning delays do severe damage to 
the economy. Michael Heseitine, 
while Secretary of State for the 
Environment, estimated that £8 
billion is locked up in local 
authority filing cabinets. More 
recently, a DoE minister. Lord 
Elton, concluded that delays to 
appeals in writing alone cost 
Britain £300,000 a week. 

Here are ten proposals for 
clearing the logjam. 

• A new Planning Act to consoli- 
date and amend present legisla- 
tion, orders, regulations and 
government circulars which have 
long been treated as law. A clutter 
of secondary legislation can be 
swept away. 

• Annual white papers would set 
out the government's current 
‘planning polities (much as the 
Budget sets out fiscal polities), 
and spell out measures to make 
land available for housing, 
employment and other purposes. 

• The wide consensus that the 
time has come to end not only 
structure plans but also all other 
statutory plans should be heeded. 
Advisory local plans, annually 
reviewed, would guide develop- 
ment control. 

• It would be a cardinal principle 
of the new Act that a planning 
authority must approve an 
application unless it would do 
demonstrable environmental 
damage. The Act would exclude 
objections based on private 
proprietary rights which Common 
Law, and not planning law, should 

• The Act would adopt a proposal 
for “deemed consents” made by 
the 1975 Dobry Report in order to 
cure planning permission delays. 
Of the present 400,000-600,000 

applications each year, some 86 
per cent are eventually approved, 
but only two thirds are determined 
within the eight weeks required by 
statute. A new law should provide 
that if an applicant hears nothing 
within 42 days, he has permission. 

• Computerization of the plan- 
ning process is long overdue. 

• The number of planning ap- 
peals climbs steadily each year. 
The Commons select committee 

proposal for the award of costs as a 

penalty is a good one and reform 
should go further and create 
compensation awards for injuri- 
ous delay. 

• I support Lord Denning’s plan 
for three-person planning tri- 
bunals in place of the present 
planning inspectorate. Two mem- 
bers of the tribunal would repre- 
sent local interests — one from 
industry or business and the other 
from an environmental group - 
with the chairman drawn from the 
ranks of the planning inspectors. 

• The inordinate duration of the 

small number of major inquiries 
like SizeweU has brought planning 
into disrepute. Three changes 
would help: prior publication by 
the government of policy guide- 
lines; a stannonr ximeiabie for pre- 
inquiry proceedings and robust 
statutory powers for a “comm- 
issioner" — an inspector with a 
High Court judge’s powera to 
mamiafa the momentum of the 

• Objectors should receive plan- 
ning aid. The government has 
resisted tfrk chang e buz the case 
for ft rests not only on justice but 
also on efficiency. Professional 
assistance in preparing and 
processing an objector’s case 
should make for fester inquiries. 
With charges for planning per- 
missions now bringing in £42 
milli on a year, the government 
should be able to afford iL 
The remedies for the mischiefs 
that have emerged over the Iasi 40 
years have been analysed in detail 
over and over * g?in. AD ihat is 
necessary is tire will to act. 

©TtaM Nmwwi Utf m* 

The author ; Conservative MP for 
Hexham, was Environment Sec- 
retary. 1972-74. 

the Alliance 

Bernard Levin: the way we live now 

Why is the macabre farce on 
Saddleworth Moor permitted to 
continue? Whose decision was it 
to suspend the operation for the 
winter and resume in the spring? 
Who, if anybody, is in charge, and 
what does he think he is doing? An 
MP has described the exercise as 
“an expensive publicity stunt", 
but it is not even dear what it is 
supposed to be publicizing, apart 
from the feci, fairly well known 
already, that there are enough 
ghouls around to put a degree m 
necrophilia on the curriculum of 
half our universities. 

So many lies have been told that 
it is now impossible to discover 
when and how the idea of an 
expedition to the moors arose. 
What Myra Hindley's motives 
were when she suggested or agreed 
to the visit, and what the police 
supposed could be achieved by it, 
I do not know; it is inconceivable 
(or at any rale it should be) that 
the Home Office was not consult- 
ed, and although there is pract- 
ically nothing too disgraceful for 
that horrible place to connive at, I 
find it difficult to believe that even 
a Home Office minister could 
have authorized those pointless 
and distasteful happenings. 

In the first place, there is not, 
and never was, the slightest chance 
that Miss Hindley, except by an 
accident which could have hap- 
pened to anybody, would have 
been able to find the bodies of 
other murdered children even if 
she had wanted to. You do not 
have to be an Ettrick shepherd to 
know that on such bleak and 
forbidding ground, where a walker 
could get lost in ten minutes, the 
landscape is such that any hun- 
dred square yards looks like any 
other. Dips and gulleys, mounds 
and stream-beds, wandti in and 
out of one another, criss-crossing 
and combining, until the very 
rabbits must have difficulty in 
finding their way home. 

Furthermore, in the 20 years 
that have passed since the children 
were buried there (i£ that is, they 
were, and we have only the word 
of the murderers to go on), any 
such landscape, even if every 
detail as she last saw it was fresh in 
Miss Hindley's mind, will have 
changed beyond any chance of 
recognition. Vegetation alters, 
trees wither or fell or grow, rocks 
tumble or sink into the ground, 
bushes die or are uprooted by 
trippers and vandals; the murder- 
ess and the band of PC Plods who 
took her to the moor could have 
been standing on the spot where 
the bodies were buried without 
any of them having the least 
notion that they were doing so. 

Nor is that alL Long before the 
prisoner was brought to the moor, 
the police had begun digging up 
bits of iL Possibly they fancied 
themselves as amateur dowsers, 
and went horsing around with 
hazel-twigs, but if not, with what 
pattern they dug, and what reason 
they imagined they bad to dig here 
rather than then s, has not so far 
been explained, and since the 
police have carried out the opera- 


^ jx* fc. 

The last dig of winter — of a peepshow that should never re sum e 

Let the moors 
keep their 
grisly secrets 

tion in impenetrable secrecy, apart 
from a fortnight spent announcing 
it in advance ami the 40 television 
cameras, 400 journalists and 
14,000 spectators milling around 
the scene, we are left with nothing 
but guesswork. 

Then there is the legal side of 
the business. Opinions have been 
solemnly canvassed as to what 
would or should follow, as far as 
the law is concerned, if bodies 
were to be found. Could the two 
convicted murderers be charged 
with further crimes and, if con- 
victed, sentenced to life imprison- 
ment? It seems that the answer to 
both questions is yes, but nobody 
has yet explained what purpose 
would be served by staging a new 
production of the original trial or 
by sending to prison people who 
are already there. 

This shoddy Grand Gixignol 
will not find so much as the bone 
of a little finger unless Hod, gazing 
up at the fleets of helicopters 
taking pictures of him, should 
stumble and fitU into a hole that 
turns out to be a grave. Nor will it 
contribute in any way to the 
question of what should be done 
with Myra Hindley, le t alon e 
suggest any general principles 
about dealing with such people. 
The show should never have 
begun, and the curtain should be 
rung down upon it, in perpetuity, 
now, except for a one-clause biQ, 
to be pushed through Parliament 
as soon as possible, making it a 

serious offence for any jpoliceman 
ever to appear on television. 

But an the foregoing still leaves 
out the most important — the only 
important — lesson to be karat 
from this dulling series of official 
blunders. What good purpose 
could have been served even if 
bodies had been found? Ignore the 
feet that the bodies by now would 
be crumbling skeletons; they 
would still be human remains, and 
it might be possible for them to be 
identified. Suppose they were; 
suppose we could matc h a name to 
each pitiful heap of dust so cruelly 
abused 20 yean before. I must yen: 
ask: ad bottom 

The imassuaged grief of the 
surviving relatives of the mur- 
derers* victims is not to be 
tampered with; no comment. The 
desire for revenge which still 
possesses some of them must be 
handled with great care by us who 
have not known a loved life so 
brutally cut shorL I believe, and 
always shall, that a thirst for 
vengeance, however justified, is 
the most tragic and stultifying cul- 
de-sac that H itman beings can 
enter. But then, I have never had 
such cause, or anything approach- 
ing it, to think thoughts of 
revenge. I have met Jews whose 
every relative died in the Holo- 
caust, yet who, though they can 
never expunge the pain from their 
hearts, have cleansed themselves 
utterly from bate. But no one can 
demand that others should rise to 
such heights of wisdom and 

charity, and sickening though Z 
found the picture in which a 
relative of one of the Moors 
victims was brandishing a knife 
and longing to use it on Myra 
Hindley, it would be pointless, as 
well as intolerably p r e sumptu ous, 
for me to rebuke him for such 

I am emphatically of the opin- 
ion that whatever pleas there were, 
from the relatives, for the moon 
to be dug over, with or without 
Miss Hindley in attendance, 
should have been kindly but 
firmly denied, and I would remain 
of that opinion even if the ensuing 
events had not degenerated into a 
repulsive peepshow. For is not an 
unmarked grave in soil troubled 
only by wind and rain, storm and 
snow, as good as any plot in a 
crowded cemetery? “The trumpet 
shall sound, and the dead shall be 
raised incorruptible: and we shall 
be changed.” If that is true, be sure 
that it is true for those whose last 
resting place is unknown to mortal 
man, just as much as for those 
who he in marble and the gilded 
monuments of princes, or beneath 
the simplest moss-grown slab in a 
churchyard. “Are not Eve sp ar- 
rows sold for two farthings, and 
not one of them is forgotten before 
God?” If that is true, is it likely 
that children done vilely to death 
will be ignored in the final reck- 
oning. wherever they are buried? 

Whatever happens, or should 
happen, to Myra Hindley and Ian , 
Brady, their victims can gam j 
nothing from ft. So much is 
obvious; less obvious but no less 
true is that the victims* families 
cannot gain by it either. The dead 
need no advice; would that some- 
one could persuade the living that 
they have amply discharged their 
duty to the dead, even the missing 
dead, and can now throw off the 
chains with which they have 
hitherto bound themselves to 
dwell in the tragic past of death, 
and tnm their faces towards life 
and the future. 

•Tfam Nmapafm, IMS. 

Mfchad Hesettme on the need to convince each new generation of the efficacy of deterrence 

Countering CND the peaceful way 

There is nothing new about the 
Campaign for Nuclear Disarma- 
ment. Its slogans and banners are 
hardly distinguishable from those 
of the 1930s. It is merely the latest 
manifestation of left-wing at- 
tempts to mobilize public support 
for pacifist policies. 

But there is a second side to the 
movement. The genuinely 
apprehensive feel a dread and 
moral repugnance for military 
activity. My dilemma as Defence 
Secretary was how to dismiss the 
CND challenge for what it was 
without making it appear to this 
second, large and important audi- 
ence that I was uninterested in 
their concerns. 

The protest groups did my job 
for me. My letter turning down a 
CND challenge to debate co- 
incided with the public spectacle 
of myself brought to my knees in 
the midst of a police escort helping 
me to gain access to a Conser- 
vative Party meeting at Newbury. 
I would not suggest that this 
dfibacle was organised by CND, 
but it was the work of their 
supporters and the message got 
home. The sight of a raucous mob 
claiming to act in the name of 
peace spoke louder than words. 

In the recently published Peace 
of the Dead . Paul Mercer meticu- 
lously documents the activities of 
those throughout this century who 
have used that mo st emotive word 
_ \ purpose. No 

one would claim that this book is 
light bedtime reading. But for 
those who want to understand the 
meaning behind left-wing pacifist 
political language, it has invalu- 
able breadth and depth. 

At one point Mercer quotes 
Marshall Shaposhnikov’s reveal- 
ing paraphrase of.Gausewitz: “If 
war is the continuation of politics 
by other means, then ft is also true 
that peace, that is politics, is the 
continuation of war by other 
means.” And to fight political 
wars in times of peace, you need 
organizations. Mercer painstak- 
ingly charts the front organiz- 
ations created for this purpose. 

In some cases he had to probe 
diligently to find the suspect 
antecedents of seemingly innocent 
men and women. In others the 
front organizations obligingly ex- 
posed themselves. Thus the world 
Peace Council lost all credibility 
by supporting the use of Soviet 
tanks in Hungary, Czechoslovakia 
and then Afghanistan. 

CND’s particular appeal' is 
based on its supposed raising of 
“the peace issue*. Yet peace is not 
at issue- We areei. peace. Indeed, 
Western Europe is'at peace today 
precisely because for 40 years we 
have taken no risks with our 
security. A continent that for 
centuries fought itself to a stand- 
still has now established, in 
partnership with North America, a 
policy of deterrence which pre- 
vents any country from rationally 

Calculating that gyinc ran be iwaA- 
by mili tary wimm 

The closer I, as a minister, came 
to the world power straggle, the 
more I detected the immense care 
with which the superpowers con- 
duct themselves wherever serious 
danger of escalation exists. Both 
sides know where the real fines are 

Yet credible deterrence also 
demands a broad equivalence of 
weapon systems and striking 
power. That match must involve 
nuclear as well as conventional 
capacity. Labour or Liberal argu- 
ments that there is another way 
are either naive or founded on an 
ultimate but disguised reliance on 
American protection which is 
both deceitful and opportunist 

That is not to say that arms 
control or limitation should not be 
pursued; it should. Both sides of 
tiie superpower confrontation are 
equipped on a scale beyond any 
rational requirements. But such 
are the understandable suspicions 
of those who negotiate arms 
control arrangements that even 
balanced reductions have proved 
beyond political skill. If from the 
Geneva-Reykjavik process such 
momentous achievement could be 
attained, it would earn for Presi- 
dent Reagan and Mr Gorbachov 
the acclaim of history. 

In these negotiations there is 
one characteristic .of the western 
democracies which must always 
be remembered. Governments 

and parties have to persuade —by 

new generation of voters to sup- 
port the pohries of deterrence with 
all die horrendous military capab- 
ility that that implies. That will be 
easier if those generations believe 
that the West has used its strength 
to negotiate arms control agree- 
ments and, having n e gotia t ed 
them, stays within them. 

The Camp David agreement to 
constrain “Star Wars" within the 
Anti Ballistic Missile Treaty was a 
. significant landmark on which the 
West should stand. The Foreign 
Office was right to criticize the 
infringement of Salt II, albeit 
unratified. What can one more B- 
52 bomber conceivably gain for 
the US when measured against the 
charge that America does not keep 
wi thin its own commitments? 

The Russians, of course, will 
negotiate and interpret agree- 
ments in the most legalistic way. 
But if arms control agreements are 
to be seen simply as pauses in the 
escalation process until one ride or 
the other believes it has a decisive 
advance, then there will be no 
arms control agreements at alL 
And without arms control, tire 
.fraudulent appeal of CND will 
again begin to win recruits. 

The. author. Conservative MP for 
Hatley, was Defence Secretary, 
3933-86. Peace of ihe Dead is 
. published ■ by Policy Research 
Publications. 35 Westminster Bridge 

Christinas chez Owen and Steel 
will, I hope, be a pleasant family 
occasion, but Z doubt that it will be 
entirely non-politicaL ! therefore 
offer a few thoughts for the 
?p p m »?hing season of election 
jockeying. . 

Political commentators nave 
lairpn a rather blinkered view of 
the opinion polls in recent 
months. Feed the ra w figures into 

Liberals and SDP alike have too 
readilv assented to the 
view "that Alliance gwes; arc far 
tifcpiv to come tTOiTi jic 
gfepnM in the south 
and west m England. Certaimytite 
electorate is more .sopfo^ated 
than many beheve in identifying 
how best to use its vote ucticaity 
- something that will bench, the 
Alliance in such areas. 

There is. however, a more 

ihe computer and ft will produce a There is, owev ■ 
prcdictKmof an immediate elec- seductive appeal to 'Of? 
tion resulL But polling day will not would otherwise ten ^ Qf 

be tomorrow: nor win the relative hour. What is the P® 
positionsofthe parties necessarily maintaining an lemouooaJ uc to a 
stay constant tm spotiigb the Tories but is 

of an election campaign. 

Moreover, the polls themselves 
mfluencp the public's perception 
of the eventual result and thus 
provide the material for sophis- 
ticated arm twisting. The Alliance, 

if it read the polls right, could be 
the main beneficiary of this 

The received troth is that 
Liberals do better with the Tories 
in office. This certainly reflects the 
Liberals' long-standing view of the 
Conservatives as our enemy and 
Labour as our competition. For 
I more th a n 40 sears we have been 
frustrated to see Labour getting 
I away with the pre te nc e of being a 
pro g ressive movement committed 
to spreading power and to 
maximizing equal opportunities. 

That position has been steadily 
eroded over the past decade as 
Labour H« become more and 
more clearly identified as a party 
that sublimates individual aspira- 
tion and community expression to 
carnalized economic control. Its 
> current record in local gov- 
| eminent and its national pro- 
gramme have demonstrated the 
real nature of Labour today. 

There is so great public fond- 
ness for this government, nor 
confidence in its ability to show 
compassion for the increasing 
number of people in need. But 
despite this, and in the face of a 
succession of damaging events, 
there is a grow i ng resignation to 
the possibility of a third successive 
Conservative election victory. It is 
remarkable that, in its seven years 
in opposition. Labour has not 
been able to sustain any signifi- 
cant lead in the polls. 

It is this feet, plus the poll 
evidence for the belief that Labour 
will not win, that gives ihe 
Alliance its great opportunity. 
Certainly the Affian ce's own rat- 
ings are way below what would 
otherwise be regarded as take-off 
point, but the clear message of the 
polls is that there is a huge 
opportunity for a political move- 
ment that can both demonstrate 
its ability to take on the Conser- 
vatives and be regarded as “safe”. 
Certainly at by-elections, local and 
pafiamentary, where real ballots 
have been substituted for opinion 
polls, there has been no reluctance 
to support Alliance candidates. 

The Alliance leadership needs 
to focus its appeal far better if this 
opportunity is to be grasped. 

likely to defeat the Tories but is 
unwilling to contemplate any 
post-election co-operation Inal 
could end Mrs Thatcher’s rule an d 
might bring a far more progressive 
and practical coalition into office. 
At least Harold Wilson was honest 
whim he said in June 1985, “If I 
can't have a Labour government 
to live under I'd prefer to have a 
Conservative government to live 
under." . „ „ 

The paradox of Labour s au 
power or no power" stance is that 
it opens up Labour seats to 
Affiance attack. The Alliance 
needs to elbow Labour out of the 
way in order to take on the 
Conservatives far more com- 
prehensively than Labour's nar- 
row appeal ever can. Time is 
desperately short but the political 
opening is there. 

It is not just a question of 
different words on leaflets or on 
television but an awareness that to 
appeal to that large constituency 
that is at one and the same time 
pr o gre ss ive but suspicious of ex- 
tremes requires a radicalism that 
both challenges and reassures. It is 
precisely this balance that charac- 
terizes Liberal values and which 
has been taken into the Alliance. 
An Alliance that emphasizes 
community rather than class, 
internationalism rather than na- 
tional gesture, and which stresses 
the crucial need to live in tune 
with nature, rather than confront- 
ing it, would strike sonorous 
chords with the concerns of those 
who reject the harshness of 
Thatcherism bat who do not wish 
to risk today’s Labourism. 

So I recommend to David 
Owen and to David Steel as a New 
Year text the words of Ramsay 
Muir, a great but sadly neglected 
Liberal leader of the imerwar 
years: “The only man who can 
answer the fervours of a sincere 
socialist orator is a man who is as 
ffamingly aware as he of the ills by 
which our society is disfigured and 
as eager to remedy them. The only 
reply to Socialism is a creed that 
equally looks forward to a better 
future but with a sounder and a 
more reasoned faith.” 

It is time for the Alliance to 
work with the grain of its parties' 
values, rather than to believe that 
its support will come from only 
one sde of the political divide. 

The author is Liberal MP for 
Leeds West 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

All you need at 


You might imagine that every- 
thing is closed on Christmas Day, 
making it impossible to shop or 
get help with urgent Christmas 
problems. Not at alL Plenty of 
places are open - it’s just a 
question of knowing where to 
turn. Here is a check list of 
problems, and how to get each 
cleared up. 

Last Minute Shopping. You wake 
up on Christmas Day and sud- 
denly remember that you haven't 
got a present for your wife, who is 
coming to lunch, indeed who is 
lying beside you at that very 
moment thinking about lunch. 
Don't despair. Your local filling 
station is open for this very 
purpose, selling the most unusual 
gifts such as wheelbarrows, sum- 
mer garden furniture, sacks of 
potatoes and rose trellises. If she 
wouldn’t like any of those, have 
you thought of buying her petrol? 
Board Game Disputes. There is 
always some point on Christmas 
Day when people come to blows 
over the rules of some new boaid 
game. If not, they certainly come 
to blows over the interpretation of 
Monopoly rules, the only copy of 
which disappeared in 1 979. It isn’t 
generally known that the British 
Board Game Authority runs a 24- 
hour telephone service to deal 
with queries of this kind. If you 
ring up and say: “My .wife, who 
has been tense and on edge ever 
since l gave her a large sack of 
potatoes for Christmas, now in- 
sists that she can build houses on 
Liverpool Street Station. Could 
you arbitrate, please?”, it will be 
glad to do so. Your wife will then 
go ahead and build houses on 
Liverpool Street Station. 

Lack of Batteries. The biggest 
Christmas problem of all whether 
you are opening a new model car 
or simply trying to cast some 
illumination on your Christinas 
crib, is that batteries are never 
supplied. Well, the landlord of 
your local is almost certain to have 
some for rale under the brewery's 
new Christmas scheme — Stock 
Batteries and Get the Punters In 
On Christmas Day. If be hasn't 
you can. always have a drink and 
forget about iL Alternatively, buy 
presents which don ? t need bat- 
teries, such as a rack of potatoes. 
Unwanted Supermarket Trolleys. 
While you are enjoying your 
warm, family Christmas, spare a 
thought for supermarket trolleys, 
many .of whom have to spend the 
holiday, period out in, the open, 
unwanted, land ^homeless. In, 

Battersea we have now opened a 
home for unwanted supermarket 
trolleys, many of whom are cruelly 
abandoned by their owners at the 
Christmas period, especially just 
after they have taken home a sack 
of potatoes for the wife. Bui we 
need more money for our work. 
Please give generously. Thanks. 
Scrabble Arguments. Families can 
often be split in two during a 
Scrabble game when somebody 
wants to use a word which is not 
listed in the old family dictionary. 
Did you know there is’ a telephone 
number in Whitehall which you 
can ring at any time of the day or 
night to get a ruling on the 
meaning of a word? Theoretically 
you should be a top civil servant 
or diplomat to get the service free, 
but don’t worry. Just ring the 
number and say. “Hello, Sir 
Robert Armstrong here in Austra- 
lia and I need to nave justification 
for using an old word with a new 
meaning.” You will be put 
through immediately. 

Christmas Card Problems. The 
main problem here , is not how to 
find any decent cards, though that 
is bad enough, or even how to find 
one on Christmas Day to go with a 
fate present of a sack of potatoes, 
which is even worse; the worst 
problem of all is getting a card 
inscribed Love from Chris and 
Angela, see you again soon” and 
not having the faintest idea who 
Urns and Angela are, because the 
only Chris you know is married to 
someone called Wendy. Just get in 
touch with the Alternative Mar- 
riage Guidance Council, which 
exists to give you advice on oiber 
people s marriages. They will tell 
you that the person you have been 

25 * » al1 

AngeIa but toey were, 
too shy to correct you. 

Any Other Problem. Some prob- 
lems oo Christmas Day seem just 

l£ ™~v d r 0us for “y “Mon. 

for instance, that vou 
have been wandering the struts 

wrambfe m “ruing looking 

potatoes^ Ym** f ? r a “<* of 
You go into a pub to 
drown your worries and stay there 
so long you’re late for lunch On 
your way home you reaffy 0 u\e 
left the potatoes in the puh. which 

d^ 1 d0 you d0? Wel1 
field for Si'st'S 3 POBto 



Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 

marching for democracy 


Points to ponder on child abuse 

ption of guilt? 

When the students of China 
sian marching in the name of 
democracy, the warnings from 
history sound loud. Chinese 
students have numbers and 
ihey have influence, and they 
have been in the vanguard of 
every twist in China’s per- 
petual revolution since the 
turn of the century. That is 
, why the crowd of 20,000 

students blocking the streets of 

Shanghai this weekend cannot 
be passed off lightly. 

The precise significance of 
these demonstrations, how- 
ever. is still uncertain. Accord- 
ing to some, the marches — 
which have been reported 
from Hefei in the north to 
Shenzhen in the south, and 
from Xian in the west to 
Shanghai in the east - are only 
an extended version of the 
traditional December marches 
commemorating the student 
protests of 1935 against the 
Japanese. (Such demonstra- 
tions have gathered strength in 
. i recent years as the impact of 
Japanese wealth and the influx 
of Japanese consumer goods 
has provoked nationalist 
resentment among young Chi- 

Others argue that this year’s 
marches were inspired by local 
studed grievances such as 
sub-standard food in canteens 
and indifferent teaching. 

Yet the central and unifying 
demand of the marching stu- 
dents has not been directed 
against the Japanese, nor has it 
been a call for higher living 
standards, but an appeal for 
more democracy. The mean- 
ing of democracy to students 

who have neither experienced 
nor observed it at first hand 
remains open to interpreta- 
tion. To many, however, it 
means the right to criticise the 
government and the ruling 
Communist Party. It means 
more press freedom and the 
right of legal protest. 

In one way, the fact that this 
weekend's demonstrations 
have taken place and the fact 
that China's leaders have in- 
sisted on the students’ right to 
march is a measure of the 
more open climate in China 
today. But it also illustrates the 
risks to the authorities of 
opening up the country at all. 

The past year has seen 
discussion in the Chinese press 
on two highly sensitive topics: 
How far the decentralising 
economic reforms require 
corresponding political re- 
form, and how far the leading 
role of the Communist Party is 
appropriate in today’s China. 

Now, it is being suggested 
that the demonstrators sup- 
port one or other of the 
arguments being voiced in the 
press — that they are either in 
support of the reforms pio- 
neered by Deng Xiaoping and 
implemented by his younger 
appointees, or that they see 
further reform as socially divi- 
sive and therefore anti-dc mo- 

China’s students have 
grounds for supporting either. 
As China’s future educated 
class they have good prospects 
in a country which is setting 
increased store by economic 
advancement and technologi- 

cal expertise. As the poor of 
today, however, with an 
appreciation of the privileges 
available to party officials, 
they might well be tempted to 
return to the egalitarian values 
of the early Communist years. 
They are ripe for manipulation 
by either line in China’s 
divided leadership. 

If this latest student unrest is 
not to turn nasty, the authori- 
ties will need to show restraint 
To halt the marchers by force 
would risk violence on a scale 
which could severely damage 
the more enlightened image 
the Chinese leadership has 
successfully cultivated. They 
also stand to alienate the 
students — the very people 
they want to continue their 
cause into the 21st century. 
And for the moment the 
leadership probably calculates 
that the students have more to 
lose from the crackdown that 
would inevitably follow an 
unruly demonstration than 
they have from the status quo. 

However, as the number of 
students continues to rise to 
meet the demands of 
modernisation, as the number 
of young people under 25 
continues to increase beyond 
the present 40 per cent of the 
population, and as more and 
more young Chinese return 
from abroad with the experi- 
ence and the ideas they have 
gleaned in the West, their 
frustration with China’s 
gerontocracy and backward- 
ness is likely to mount The 
student demonstrations of 
1986 are a warning for the 


When, as Minister of Mu- 
nitions in 1915, Lloyd George 
had to deal with restrictive 
labour practices, he made the 
disarming admission that he 
belonged himself to “the strict- 
est. the most jealous, trades 
union in the world”. He was 
referring, of course, to the legal 
profession, and the lapse of 
more than seventy years has 
done little to invalidate the 
description. The adversarial 
system operates only in court; 
it does not extend to the public 
discussion by lawyers of the 
performance of other lawyers. 

That, at any rate, was the 
virtually unbroken rule until 
last year, when Lord Devlin’s 
book about the trial of Dr John 
Bodkin Adams, Easing the 
. Passing, was published. The 
$ author, who was judge at the 
Bodkin Adams trial, not only 
gave a detailed and fascinating 
account of it, but in particular 
was most scathing about the 
performance of the Attorney- 
General of the day, Sir Regi- 
nald Manningham-Buller — 
later Lord Dilhome — who led 
for the Crown. 

Lord Devlin’s behaviour 
earned him a grave rebuke 
from (among others) two fig- 
ures of equivalent status in the 
"trades union". Lords 
Scarman and Bridge, in the 
form of a letter to the Times 
Literary Supplement. Now, in 
a postscript to the paperback 
. edition, he replies. 

* He disputes the argument 
that it was wrong to write as he 
did about a former judicial 
colleague (he and Dilhome sat 
together a few times as supple- 
mentary Lords of Appeal in 

the 1960s); and he denies 
writing about Dilhome with 
contempt Some may find this 
denial the least convincing 
part of his defence. He wrote, 
he says, with “a lack of 
admiration”, but this seems an 

Yet on the main count Lord 
Devlin fights back strongly. 
The idea that former judicial 
colleagues should never be 
uncompHmentary to each 
other in public he rightly 
perceives as a glorified version 
of the role that dog should not 
eat dog. And he does not 
accept this rule as sacrosanct, 
though it is dear that he 
believes in a dose season. His 
adverse comments on 
Dilhome were delayed until 
nearly 30 years after the trial, 
and until Dilhome himself was 
not only retired, but dead. 

Yet he replies that if all 
criticism of a man had to be 
made, as it were, to his face, 
the world would be consid- 
erably more unpleasant than it 
already is; also that the book 
could not be written until 
Bodkin Adams was dead, and 
that he survived Dilhome.) 

Given that absolute rules of 
professional secrecy and self- 
censorship are, in principle, 
undesirable, most people ' 
would nevertheless agree that 
there should be a decent 
interval before free disclosure 
and discussion of. sensitive 
matters can begin. What 
should the interval be? The 
State ordains a period of 30 
years before access is granted 
to public records (though un- 
fortunately some are then held 

back, to say nothing of those 
that may have disappeared). 
On the whole the 30-year rule 
seems about right and, so far as 
the Bodkin Adams trial is 
concerned. Lord Devlin has 
roughly, and quite sponta- 
neously, observed it. 

The same cannot be said of 
the growing number of poli- 
ticians who, within five years 
or so of completing their 
careers* rush into print with 
diaries or memoirs revealing 
Cabinet secrets and rubbishing 
their colleagues. Their breach 
of “trades union” solidarity is 
so premature as to be mani- 
festly unjustifiable, and it 
threatens the proper working 
of our political system. We can 
only hope that retired judges 
will foDow Lord Devlin's 
example in its restraintno less 
than in its boldness. 

Root-and-branch opponents 
of our system of justice, in 
which the purpose of all 
concerned is to prove or 
disprove a case rather than to 
arrive at the troth, will note 
one significant comment “It is 
not part of a judge’s duty to 
look for and expose submerged 
points — that is a job for 
counsel” The result, some will 
say, is that the truth for too 
often remains submerged. 

Lord Devlin also defends 
the right of an accused person 
to remain silent, of which 
Bodkm Adams availed himself 
— which, in the form of 
pleading the Fifth Amend- 
ment, is now a highly topical 
issue in that other stronghold 
of the English legal system, the 
United States. 

From Mr T. G. Stanton 
Sir, I am at present dealing with a 
child care case involving a father 
of a number of very young 
children, with a very old convic- 
tion for sexual offences (which he 
denies, but of which be was found 
guilty) against a much older child 
of a totally different family. 

When the social services found 
out about his conviction they 
investigated the circumstances but 
decided there was no ground for 
taking the children into care ax 
that tune. 

Earlier this year the parents 
reported the social worker respon- 
sible for their family to the police 
for alleged sexual assault upon one 
of their cfatidren. The police could 
obtain insufficient evidence, but 
the result was to stimulate social 
services* interest in the children. 
The social services subsequently 
took care proc eed in g s, ami care 
orders have been made (now the 
subject of appeal) and the children 
taken away from both parents. 

Securing a conviction in cases of 
child abuse may seem like an end 
in itsel£ but frequently the ul- 
timate goal can involve care 
proceedings and the total destruc- 
tion of the family unit. Securing a 
conviction is not necessarily going 
to protect anyone. Securing a 
conviction of someone for an 
ice, or of the wrong 
person for a real offence, will 
damage us all 

I hope that Douglas Hurd will 
not be led into making damaging 
changes to die law simply to win 
the approval of people Kke Esther 
Rantzen and Mani Srivalsan (let- 
ter, December 10). He will rally 
have to ask himself how a social 
worker would feel if his liberty and 
livelihood were to depend on a 
film of an interview with a young 
child whom neither he nor anyone 
on his behalf would ever have any 
opportunity of questioning. 

The feet that it is recommended 
that such films are made “whilst 
the incident is still relatively fresh 
in the child's mind”, as Mr 
Srivalsan puts it, almost i 
means that the “specially 
social workers and police officers” 
conducting the interview will have 
no knowledge whatsoe v er of the 
accused's side of the story. 

If they have no knowledge of 
that, how can their questioning 
possibly cover all the relevant 
circumstances? The answer to that 
would be to abolish the right of 
stance. Why stop short of in- 

Yours feit 

Win tie & Co, Solicitor, 

44a High Street, 

Bognor Regis. West Sussex. 

From Dr Robert Wilkins 
Sir, Re video evidence in child 
abuse cases (feature, November 
25, leader, December 2), when I 
was 15 I witnessed the abduction 
of a young girl who was sub- 
sequently found murdered. At the 
identity parade 1 was so frightened 
that I could not bring myself to 
stare into the feces of me right 
men lined up in front of me. In 
panic I pointed at random and 
picked out an innocent maw. 

I have little doubt that my 
action was largely responsible for 
the chief suspect going free, and I 
ease my conscience by persuading 
myself that the police should have 
been more aware of the nervous- 
ness that I had feh in such a 
threatening situation. 

Today, more than a quarter of a 
century later, I work as a child 
psychiatrist in the field of sexual 
abuse, and feel that little progress 
has been made in the acknow- 
ledgement of children’s feats. 
Many cases of alleged sexual abuse 
made by children against their 
relatives are withdrawn simply 
because the victims become 
caught up in a nightmare over 
which they have no control. 

For a child who has already 
been subjected to many hours of 
repetitious questioning about the 
details of the abuse, the antici- 
patory anxiety of yet another 
interrogation, this time in court 
and in the presence of die alleged 
abuser, can make the urge to 
retract almost irresistible. 

No child should be subjected to 
cross-examination in a court- 
room, since the need for justice for 
the accused is not compromised if 
a defence lawyer’s questions are 
relayed via a video link to less 
intimidating surroundings well 
away from the court In this way 
fewer children will fed pressured 
to retract some attempt 
will have been made to limit 
further emotional trauma. 

The obvious difference between 
an incest victim and my teenage 
experience was that I did not have 
to go back to live with the man 
released for lack of evidence. 

Yours sincerely, 


Family & Young Persons Unit, 
Paxton House, 57 Bath Road, 
Reading, Berkshire. 


The appointment of M Michel 
Camdessus, Governor of the 
Bank of France, as managing 
director of the International 
Monetary Fund has brought to 
an end a bitter three month 
conflict between M 
Camdessus and his Dutch 
4 adversary, Finance Minister 
Mr Onno Ruding, who were 
seen as the candidates of the 
world's debtors and creditors 
respectively. M Camdessus, 
supported by France and the 
Latin American debtors, and 
Mr Ruding who received the 

backing of the Dutch, British 
and West German govern- 
ments. unprecedently fought it 
out to the last. 

M Camdessus is taking the 
helm at a difficult time for the 
IMF. Since the Third World 
debt crisis captured the head- 
IMF has 

at the annual IMF-World 
Bank meeting in Seoul in 
October 1985. 

As head of the Paris Club of 
Western creditor nations, M. 
Camdessus gained valuable 
experience in negotiating 
rescheduling agreements with 
East European and Latin 
American debtors during the 
1970s. He is widely regarded as 
an able technician, with some 
commitment to monetary and 
fiscal restraint, but with more 
appeal to the Latin American 
governments with whom he 
will be in close contact over 
the next five years. 

The series of debt restructur- 
ing negotiations due next year 
is expected to be extremely 
difficult, particularly in the 
wake of the conditions granted 
to Mexico in its refinancing 
agreement signed last month. 
Under the paradoxical pro- 

lines in 1982, the 

advocated stringent ajBtenly. visjons of ,h at arrangement, 
programmes for debtor com ■ 0 receive additional 

- mes in severe economic dim- ‘ ;f jt fails t0 register a 

— cullies. Austerity and ™™ mal i evel of growth in the 
adjustment having cleared firsl quarter of 1987. It is thus 
much of the ground, Ivaided for doing badly, 
emphasis has. now. turned to ^ international creditor 

Egypt, the Philippines and 
numerous other debtors will 
be seeking special case status. 
The precedent has been estab- 
lished, and the pressure on the 
IMF's new man to make 
further concessions will be 

There are few strategies that 
M Camdessus can promote to 
reduce the continuing debt 
burden. The swapping of debt 
for equity, which has had some 
success in Chile and Mexico, is 
one option that has come in 
for discussion recently. But for 

largely political reasons, this 
seems likely to be effective 
only at the margins. 

M Camdessus realises that 
the debtor nations now need to 
rejoin the general expansion of 
the world economy. Hie IMF’s 
job, therefore will be prin- 
cipally to clear away the 
remaining impediments to re- 
newed commercial lending 
and private investment That 
— rather than a fresh round of 
austerity - is what the debtor 
nations now need. But the 
roblem that M Camdessus 

Hnman rights 

From Mr Richard Ottawa, y, MP 
for Nottingham North (Conser- 

Sir, Lord McCSuskey (report, 
December 4) argues that the 
introduction of a Bill of Rights 
into United Kingdom law would 
shift the power from elected and 

Asleep in the depths 

From Dr John A. Cosh 
Sir, Your Science Report (Decem- 
ber 9) cm the benefits to health of 
residence undermound recalled a 
visit made in 1977 to the historic 
.salt mine at Wiehczka, near 
Cracow, in southern Poland. 

The extensive worked-out gal- 
leries some 100 metres under- 
ground are now a museum which 
is a popular tourist attraction and 
include a chapel with statues 
carved in rode salt. 

The galleries below this, some 
200 metres underground, have 
been put to medical use for many 
years as dormitories for patients 
with asthma and emphysema 
form a nearby sanatorium. 

Every evening for five nights a 
week patients descend the mine to 
sleep in caverns adapted to make 
wards for up to 20 patients each. 
Adjoining smaller caves accom- 
modate duly nursing staff over- 
night The medical staff assured 
me that the still, slightly humid 
and salt-impregnated atmosphere 
is beneficial for these chest com- 

The series of cfaambera with 
their someowhal crystalline walls 
inevitably brought to mind the 
mining scenes from Disney’s 
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. 
Yoms faithfully, 


Mead Court, 

Maudlin Road, 

Totnes, South Devon. 

December 13. 

accountable MPs to judges who 
are not. With the greatest respect, 1 
think this misses the point 
The great weakness of the 
present system is that a citizen of 
this country who feels that his 
human rights have been breached 
has little scope fin* remedy in this 
country. The only dear way in 
which citizens can seek a remedy 

EuropeanOomn^sion of^Human 
Rights with his complaint 

This is a time-consuming and 
expensive business which is avail- 
able only to a few. The introduc- 
. tion of the European Convention 
on Human Rights to English law 
will ensure feat a remedy is 
available at first instance in the 
English courts. 

As a country which has ratified 
the European Convention on Hu- 
man Rights we are already subject 
to its treaties. The cases of over 80 
applicants from the UK to the 
European Commission have re- 
sulted in rulings in . their favour. 
Incorporating it into English law 
merely brings it nearer home, 
where it is administered by Eng- 
lish judges rather than European 



House of Commons. 

December 8. 

Unfitting response 

From Mr Vivian Vale 
Sir, If the Inland Revenue’s 
demand from Miss Margaret Slack 
(December 13) is too large for its 
prepaid reply envelope, and nei- 
ther must be folded, then the 
remedy Iks in her own hands. She 
may in good conscience reduce her 
liability with the scissors. 

Yours faithfully, 


Middle House, 22 Long Street, 
Ceme Abbas, Dorset 
December 13. 

Docklands airport 

From Mr KG Ralph 
Sir, The letter from MrP. B. Lucas 
(December 13) suggesting that Sir 
Keith Park’s part m the Battle of 
Britain should be remembered in 
the naming of the Docklands 
airport does not go far enough. 
After the successful defence of 
Britain Sir Keith went on to 
complete the successful air de- 
fence of Malta. 

The Maltese having shared our 
time of trial (when we stood 
alone), could we -not extent the 
naming of the airport to enable the 
Geoige Cross islanders’ bravery in 
support to be permanently 
remembered in our docklands 
revivalTSuch a gesture would not 
only be a reminder of our grati- 
tude to the Maltese people but 

would ensure the memory of 
thousands of men who died 
helping ««t«in Malta itself May I 
suggest Geoige Cross Airport? 
Yours faithfully, 


19 Canute Close, 

Canewdon, Rochford, Essex. 

Lost horizon 

From the Reverend F. A. Mooney 
Sir, “The semi-educated are as 
hungry for moral values as the rest 
of us" (December 16). Is not 
Roger Scruton’s implied claim to 
be already educated self-refuting? 
Education, tike maturity, is always 
a receding goal. 

Yours faithfully, 


low Hill, UveipooL 

Safety first in 
electric plugs 

From Mr Peter Colebrook 
Sir, Whilst agreeing wife Mr Last 
(December IS) that it is not 
uncommon to find plugs over- 
heating dire to loose terminal 
connections, we do not believe 
this to be due to fee frequency of 
fee mains supply in this country. 

However, Mr Last raises an 
interesting point Our experience 
-over many years suggests that this 
overhearing is due to the phenom- 
enon known to engineers as 
“creep". Under high mechanical 
loads certain materials flow 
slightly so as to relax the load. 

This can occur in conventional 
plug terminal designs in which fee 
copper conductors are pinched 
against fee side of a bole by fee 
end of fee terminal screw. This 
generates high stresses in the 
conductor. Such joints appear 
reliable when used with solid 
conductors in a fixed installation, 
but can cause trouble in plugs, etc, 
where fee conductors consist of a 
large number of fine copper 

For this reason aQ MK designed 
plugs have, for many years, used 
an alternative form of terminal in 
which fee conductors are securely 
clamped by a nut and washer 
against a sub stantiall y flat surface. 
However, any plug that is not 
wired and whose tenninals are not 
secured properly can result in 

Wife plugs, as in most products, 
you get what you pay for and a 
cheap plug may not prove to be 
the baigain it first appeared. 

Yours f aithfully, 

Engineering Manager), 

MK Electric Limited, 

Shrubbery Road, Edmonton, N9. 
December 16. 

Control of Church 

From Mr Bernard Kaukas 
Sir, The Bishop of Bi rmingham ’s 
dichtomous desire (Clifford 
Langley’s article, December 8) for 
some more definite structure of 
authority in the Anglican 
Communion, coupled wife the 
need for it to “be developed in 
dose connection with an em phasis 
on the right and sometimes the 
duty of the community to en g a y 
in critical discussions of decisions 
on faith and morals” besides 
being a deliriously innocent and 
typically Anglican contradiction 
in terms, calls to mind the 
anaiagous dilemma which con- 
fronted the Duke of Wellingto n in 
his first Cabinet meeting as Prime 
Minister: “An extraordinary af- 
fair. I gave them their orders and 
they wanted to stay and discuss 

Yours authoritatively, 


Savage Club, 

9 Fftzmaurice Place, 

Berkeley Square, Wl. 

From die Reverend P. D. King 
Sir, The Bishop of Birmingham is 
reported as recommending that 
fee An gl i ca n Communion should 
acquire a universal primate. The 
news brought to mind Lady 
BrackneiTs words “To lose ones 
parent, Mr Worthing, may be 
regarded as a misfortune; to lose 
two looks like carelessness. 

To find one universal primate 
might be regarded as^ on balance, 
good fortune; but to find two . . .?. 
Yours faithfully, 


15 Beaumont Street, Oxford. 

Counties in the cold 

.From DrR. C. Tress 
Sir, One frequently has it asserted 
by cricket’s spokesmen and com- 
mentators feat fee heart of fee 
first-class game is fee county 
championship. In the recent dis- 
pute within fee Somerset club this 
generalisation was coupled wife 
the complaint that the county’s 
“star” players were neglectful erf 
its chums, leaving their less 
spectacular colleagues to bear the 
burden and heat - or cold - of the 
three-day rounds. 

Your publication (December 5) 
of next year’s fixture list gives 
occasion to question whether the 
cricket authorities truly believe 
the championship dogma. To test 
their faith while avoiding identify- 
ing “star" players — or where they 
might be playing next season — hk 
us simply look at the programmes 
of fee two counties each with more 
than one player in last week's Test 
mate* in Perth: Leicestershire and 

Of the 48 three-day champion- 
ship games to be played by these 
two counties, one-day and five- 
day matches between England and 
Pakistan are scheduled to overlap 
no less than 19 of them (including 
one when they play each other); 
the five-day MCC bicentenary 
match will overlap three more. 

Do the cricket authorities really 
take the county championship 
seriously? Can fee counties' “star" 
players really be expected to do so, 
when they are liable to be called 
elsewhere for nearly half fee 


Yours faithfully, 


22 The Beach, 

Walmer, Dealt Kent 

im* 1 * uds.uuw .luiuwy international creditor problem mat m Lamoessus 

the second necessary stage or from enthusias- feces is that further pressure by 

tnncilim Hillifh C In IWieff OailM . ■ _ .1 TWT- P 1 

transition, which is to renew 
the flow of foods to economies 
which are still in trouble but 
are now better adjusted to 
grow out of debt-induced 
stagnation. This was implicit 
in the third world debt initia- 
tive unveiled by the US Trea- 
Secretary Mr James Baker 

tic about another innovation 
linking debt repayments to 
commodity prices, in this case 
oil. The banks were eventually 
reconciled to this as a result of 
pressure from the US gov- 
ernment to make Mexico a 
special case. Now, Argentina, 

the IMF for economic lib- 
eralization and the dis- 
mantling of barriers comes at a 
time when, having been 
through enforced austerity, 
debtor nations in many cases 
are less disposed to cooperate 
with the IMF that imposed iti 

Care in community 

From Mr F. Serin Carter 
Sir, In her letter of December 9 fee 
Under Secretary of State, Depart- 
ment of Health and Social Sec- 
urity unjustly accuses Dr Harry 
Jacobs (November 27) of tilting at 
a windmill As a parent of a 
severely handicapped Downs Syn- 
drome child, a patient these last 
thirty years in an excellent institu- 
tion (Leybouroe Grange, near 
Maidstone) under fee Tunbridge 
Wells Health Authority, I was sent 
by feat authority a ..“prepared 
statement**, dated June 7, 1985, 

and I quote from it 
The plan to eventually dose 
Ley bourne Grange and fee Princess 
Christian Hospital is in response to a 
Government policy which seeks to 
close all large institutions and to 
provide alternative care In small 
community based units. 

That is no windmill to parents 
of severely handicapped children 
within these institutions, and 
evidently it is no windmill to the 
Chairman of the Society of Clini- 
cal Psychiatrists. 

The theory behind the dispersal 
policy was no doubt originated by 
experts wife good intentions. The 

reality of fee practice of dispersal 
is as Dr Jacobs describes. There is 
already evidence of it arising from 
cases of patients from Leybonme 
who have had to be readmitted 
again after unfortunate experi- 
ences of dispersal To where, or to 
what, one wonders, would such 
cases be sent ifLeyboume and the 
like were closed? 

Yours faithfully, 


The Old Parsonage, 


Nr Rochester, Kent 
December 10. 

DECEMBER 22 1941 

Hitler's assumption of more direct 
control over me anr^ was seen bp 
the Allies as to need to place 
blame for die failure to occupy 
Moscow before winter and to 
encourage his soldiers 



FCHRER’S appeal to 

Hitler has HtunhwH Field Mar- 
shal von Brauchitech, Command- 
er-in -Chief of the German Army, 
and has bibm over the 

post . . The announcement comes 
at the same time as the news of 
further Russian successes, particu- 
larly in the north. . . 

Hitler, in an appeal to the 
German Army on his assumption 
of the supreme command, says.'— 
Soldiers of the Army and S& 
formations. Hie battle for the 
liberty of our people and for the 
security of its future existence — 
the battle which is to make it 
impossible for us to be threatened 
every 20 to 25 years with a war 
under a fresh pretext but in reality 
for the same Jewish capitals! 
interests — is now approaching its 
culminating fln ^ turning point. 
The German Reich. Italy, and the 
nations allied to us have had the 
fortune to find in Japan, who is a 
world Power, a new friend and 
comrade in arms. Japan was to 
have been strangled with the same 
forms and pretexts as we ourselves. 
With the lightning destruction of 
the American Pacific Fleet and the 
British forces at Singapore, with 
the occupation of numerous Brit- 
ish and American bases in western 
Asia by the Japanese forces, the 
present war is now entering upon a 
new and favourable stage for us. 
We are now facing a decision of} 
world-wide importance. 

The arinies in the East, after 
their immortal victories without 
parallel in world history against 
the most dangerous enemy of all 
time, must now, owing to the 
sudden onset of winter, be hroqght 
from mobile progress into a sta 
tionary front. It is their task, up to 
the craning of spring, to hold and 
defend with like fimnticigm what 
they have hitherto conquered with 
immeasurable heroism and heavy 
sacrifices. . . 

Preparations for an immediate 
resumption of offensive operations 
in the spring, until the enemy in 
the east is finally destroyed, must 
be taken at once. Other defensive 
war measures are about to be 
taken. .. 

I know war from the four years of 
mighty conflict in the west from 
1914to 1918. 1 experienced person- 
ally the horrors of almost all the 
battles as an ordinary soldier. I was 
wounded twice and was even 
threatened with blindness. 

It is the army which bean the 
weight of the struggle. In these 
circumstances I have therefore 
derided, in my rapacity of &preme 
Commander of the German armed 
forces, to assume personally the 
leadership of the army. 

Thus nothing that torments you, 
weighs upon you. and oppresses 
you is unknown to me. I alone, 
after four yeare of war, never for a 
second doubted fee resurrection of 
my people. With my fanatical will 
I, a simple German soldier, suc- 
ceeded after more than 15 years of 
work, in uniting once more the 
whole German nation m*H in 
freeing it from the death sentence 
of Versailles. 

My soldiers, you will therefore 
understand that my heart belongs 
solely to you, that my will and my 
work serve unflinchingly the great- 
ness of my people, that my mind 

and my resolution are directed only 
towards the destruction of the 
enemy — that is, towards fee 
victorious conclusion of this war. 

What I can do for you, my 
soldiers of the Army and the Sis. 
formations, by way of care and 
leadership, will be done. What you 
can do for me and what you wiO dk>, 

I know you will do with loyalty and 
obedience until the Reich and our 
German people are finally saved. 

God Alm ighty wiD not withhold 
a victory from his brave soldiers. . . 

Human face of law 

From Mr Ludovic Kennedy 
Sir, “Judge Greenwood” you 
report (December 9} on the cur- 
rent all eged child rape case, “re- 
moved his wig and told counsel to 
remove theirs before inviting the 
girl to give evidence sitting beside 

him " 

But why only for a little girl? 
Why not for everybody? Could 
this be fee first step towards the 
removal altogether of this ludi- 
crous and unnecessary garment 
whose only object under our 
adversary system is to maintain 
the artificial hairier between the 
judges and the judged? 

what is most needed in our 
courts now surely is for lawyers to 
be seen to be human too, forall fee 
diverse elements to a courtroom 
to be brought nearer together, not 
driven further apart The aban- 
donment of the wig would be a 
wonderful start 
Yours etc, 

Ashdown House, 


Marlborough, Wiltshire. 
December 10. 

Battered babies 

From Miss Sarah Lowden 
Sir, At our local sweetshop I can 
buy deformed jelly babies for 22p 
a quarter, whereas normal ones 
cost 30p. Surely this is unfair 

Yours faithfully, 

SARAH LOWDEN (age 12), 

124 Upper Richmond Road West, 
East Sheen, SW14. 

Cbcembcr 15. 




Clifford Longley 

Liberation and the new right 


December 21: Princess Alexan- 
dra, Patron, this evening- at- 
tended a Gala Tribute presented 
by English National Opera at 
the London Coliseum to honour 
the achievements of the Lord 
Goodman in the Arts. 

Miss Nona Mitchell was m 

Princess Anne win attend the 
Scottish Sportswomen of the 
Year 1986 dinner at the Albany 
Hold, Glasgow, on January 27. 
The Prince and Princess of 
Wales will visit Berlin to attend 
the premiere of the Royal Ballet 
on November 1. 1987. during 
their officii visit to West 
Germany horn November 2 to 
November 7. ■ 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life and work of Mr Howard 
Thomas will be held at noon on 
Thursday, January 15, 1987, in 
St Martm-in-the-nekis. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
hfe of General Sir Hugh 
'SiockweU will be held in West- 
minster Abbey at noon on 
Friday, March 20, 1987. Those 
wishing, to attend are invited to 
apply for tickets in writing to the 
Receiver General, Room 20.' 
The Chapter Office, 20 Dean’s 
Yard, Westminster Abbey. 
London, SW1 P 3PA, enclosing a * 

stamped addressed envelope, by ' i 

Friday, March 6, 1987. Tickets | 
wQl be posted on Friday, March 
13. All are welcome to attend. 

Birthdays today 

Air Chief Marshal Sir John 
Aiken, 65; Dame Peggy 
Ashcroft, 79; Mr James Burke, 
50; Dr Alan Bush, 86; the Right 
Rev Cyril Easthaugh. 89; Mr 
Noel Edmonds, 38; Miss Pa- 
tricia Haws, 77; Air Vice- 
Marshal Sir Edgar Lowe, 81; Mr 
Michael Molloy. 46; Mr Chris 
Old, 38; the Rev Lord Sand ford, 
66; the Duke of Westminster. 
35; Colonel W.HL Whitbread. 
86; the Very Rev J.fLS. Wild, 
82; Mr Peregrine Worsthorne, 
63. • 

Chnrch news 

The Rev MSadgrvw. vicar. Alnwick. 
jHocoe at Newcastle, to be Vice- 
Provost /Precentor for Coventry 
Cathedral, diocese Of Coventry. 

_TI»e Rev B Andrew, view. St 
Bartholomew. Netneoed. with Bfx and 
Hlghmoor. diocese at Oxford, to be 
Vtar. Shenstone. diocese at LtaMMd. 

The Rev C H Athetsfone. prtol-ln- 
dame. Doddtnqton with Ben wick, 
diocese Of Ely. to be Rector. Fran! St 
™* y ‘ 

The Resit M Bmctf . 

Lyaurds teem ministry, dtacese af 
Hrtiiot. u be vicar. Lydierds 
ministry, same diocese. 

Canon A A Cold wells. 

Rugby, and an honorary canon at 
Coxentry Cathedral, diocese Of Cov- 
entry. to be Canon in si George's 
ChapeL Windsor. 

_ Rev; P M Freeman, ten War to 
the Warwick team mi n i s t ry, diocese or 
Coventry, (o bo Hlest-ta-charge. 
cuverdon with Preston Bagoc 

The recent Anglican essay on 
the welfare state. Not Just for 
the Poor, was described as a 
piece of theological underpin- 
ning for the braised but not 
yet beaten post-war consensus 
on social policy in Britain. 

The threat to that consensus 
and therefore to the welfare 
state itself was identified as 
coming from the new right’s 
ideology of . individualism; 
and in the name of Christian- 
ity the theologians and social 
scientists who composed the 
document affirmed the left- 
centre doctrine of collective 

That is indeed the current 
sodal teaching of all the 
churches in the West, as well 
illustrated by the American 
catholic bishops’ recent state- 
ment on capitalism and re- 
lated matters. The new right in 
the United Stales has more 
theological firepower at its 
disposal, and that statement 
has produced critics able to 
argue the toss in technical 
theological terms. 

Britain's new right is more 
pragmatic and secular the 
recent Anglican statement has 
not had such rigorous 

it, any^rioretha^w?flri^ in 
the City did last year, though 
both make assumptions which 
new rightists profoundly 

Not Just for the Poor did 
remark in passing on the 
fascinating similarity between 
typical new right ideas on 
personal responsibility, and 
something generally regarded 

Liberation theology’s ori- 
gins lie in the radical rejection 
of what it called 

“developmental ism” ' as the 
desirable model for equitable 
First World-Third World eco- 
nomic relations. 

Developmentalism, broadly 
the rich nations helping the 
poor by conventional aid, 
trade, and technical assis- 
tance, is a kind of inter- 
national equivalent of 

If developmentalism lays 
itself open to sustained 
theological assault in the 
name of “Liberation”,, then so 
perhaps does welfarism. Bui 
the tool of economic analysis 
used in liberation theology is 
Marxism; and there is not 
much evidence of a Marxist 
critique of the welfare state, 
either theological or ideologi- 
cal. If Western .Marxism 
seems to belong to the left- 
centre political consensus then 
what the Welfare State needs 
is more of the same. 

Developmentalism, like 
welfarism, addresses its prin- 
ciple moral appeal to the 
“haves”, urging them to do 
more for the “have-nots”. It is 
at home with liberal middle 
class well-to-do troubled con- 
sciences. The practical flaw in 
developmentalism was that it 
was not in feet seen as proving 
successful in abolishing Third 
World poverty. 

The theoretical flaw was 
that it left no initiatives in the 
hands of the poor themselves, 
which is the point at which 
radical theological criticism 

n J“ ch . morc lefttban right, was brought to bear. If the 
the theology of liberation of poor were blessed, and if the 

Latin America. 

So far, the left-centre 
theological consensus on so- 
cial ethics in Europe and 
North America has straggled 
without much success to ex- 
tend its scope by 
liberation theology, tb 
that might at fiist seem a 
natural and even exciting 
development. At second sight 
it looks more difficulL 

truth of the Gospel was the 
solidarity of the church with 
them — the “option fin* the 
poor” — they should surely 
have a central role as agents of 
their own improvement, not 
as passive beneficiaries of 
schemes devised by the rich 
(even if such schemes 

That passivity seemed to 
contradict the dignity and 

pride-ofplace which the Gos- 
pel awards the poor. So the 
poor themselves were to take 
in hand their own 
“liberation” which was de- 
scribed as a kind of synthesis 
of political straggle, personal 
growth, and spiritual salva- 
tion. Liberation theology is 
very anti-dualist a person is 
one entity, and political, per- 
sonal and spiritual liberation 
are not regarded as three 
distinct processes. 

So what would the same 
approach make of welfarism? 
It would certainly note the 
same passive role allotted by it 
to the poor, and its same 
expectation that their lot will 
improve provided the better 
off “transfer” some of their 
“resources” to them. 

It would note that poverty is 
not in feet being reduced, and 
if part of the definition of 
poverty is extreme depen- 
dence and helplessness, . it is 
increasing. It would note that 
despite whatever warmth of 
brotherly love motivates the 
haves in supporting welfare 
provision financiall y, the ac- 
tual face of the welfare state as 
encountered by the have-nots 
is cold, bureaucratic, and 

It would surely also note 
that white almost all the poor 
in Britain can have their basic 
subsistence needs met from 
welfare agenc i es, they have 
had to pay the price of 
surrendering control over 
their own lives to those agen- 
cies. It would note that the 
traditional left-right political 
aignment is supremely irrele- 
vant to their plight, as all the 
agencies on which they are 
dependent are in one form or 
another state-funded and con- . 
trolled: the class i ca l figure of 
the “capitalist oppressor” is 
just not present in their lives. 

Finally it would note that 
that puts those agencies virtu-, 
ally beyond the power of the 
poor to influence them in any 
personal way. It matters noth- 
ing to a poor Liverpool pen- 

sioner whose council house 
roof leaks that the housing 
department which Iceeps her 
waning so long for attention is 
socialist controlled. Voting 
Conservative win not mend 
her roof. 

That might be what a 
liberation theology critique of 
the welfare state would, look 
like. It is not so fer'from a new 
right critique. In broad prin- 
ciple, too, the remedy to this 
condition, putting control of 
their lives back in to the hands 
of individuals while taking it 
away from state monopoly 
welfare, would be common to 

The new right would argue 
that a fine and competitive 
market, even in such matters, 
as council bouse roof repairs, 
would “liberate” the poor 
from the prison of total depen- 
dence and lade of control 
(provided the social wage 
represented by the right to 
wd&re was redistributed to 
the same people as cash in 

Liberation-theology in Latin 
America was essentially a 
vision of human di gnity and 
freedom rather than an eco- 
nomic theory; but it needed an 
economic theory, Marxism, to 
analyse and get to grips with 
the forces that were earning 
the denial of human di gnity 
and freedom. A Western “in- 
ner urban area” theology of 
liberation would have to have 
the same vision; bat it coaid 
surely choose whatever eco- 
nomic theory ft found useful 
in laying bare the problems. 

If the problem is not right- 
wing ca ptafism as in ixHn 
America, but “old left” state 
monopoly centralist socialism 
of the post-war welfare state 
consensus, new ririu eco- 
nomic theory could be tire 
answer. H uman nature, being 
what it is, however — and even 
theologians «»fl w from hu- 
man nature — it had better be 
renamed something else. 

Not Just for ttuc Poor. £4.95; 
Faith in tire Gty, £7.50; both 
Chnrch House Pabfishmg Co. 


Grand Old Man of British orthopaedics 

... i 


Sir Hairy Platt, Bt, FRCS, 
Emeritus Professor of Ortho- 
paedic Surgery in the Univer- 
sity of Manchester. and 'Past 
President of the Royal College 
of Surgeons' of England, died 
on December^ 20, at the age of 
100. . 

Harry Plan was bora at 
Thoraham, Lancashire, on 
October 7, 1886. Ho mother 
was Scottish; his fetter, . a. 
Manchester man, was a mas- 
ter velvet cutler. Both parents 
lived to be nonagenarians. 

Platt’s life was dominated 
by- the - development of a 
tuberculous knee joint at the 
age of five. As a result of this 
be was frequently confined to 
bed and ltis early education 
was at home. In later life he 
remarked that his parents 
seemed to find it harder to 
crane to terms wife tire handi- 
cap *han he did himgftlf- 

He was eventnaily referred 
to Robert Jones, fee renowned 
Liverpool orthopaedic sur- 
geon; for whom he formed a 
deep affection and with whom 
belater received some of his 
surgical training. Despite his 
knee trouble, be described his 
childhood asremarkably con- 

His home education was 
catholic. He read widely and 
became quite fluent in French 
and German, as well as a 
highly proficient pianist In- 
deed, music became the pas- 
sion of his childhood, and in 
1903 he p rep a red three com- 
positions for the Mendelssohn 
scholarship which,, that year, 

•When war broke out in 1914 
war he dirolled in the RAMC 
as a ca ptain and was appoint- 
ed surgeon-iu-charge ofa mili- 
tary orthopaedic centre in 

There be acquired his con- 
siderable experience of .pe- 
ripheral nerve injuries and 
carried out special studies in 
bone grafting Yet he later 
described himself as a contem- 
plative man; more of a physi- 
cian. and “not naturally a 
great craftsman” 

He cherished and fostered 
many other institutions, such 
as the Ethd Hadley Hospital, 
Windermere, and' fee Lanca- 
shire County Council 
Children’s Hospital at 
Biddnlph Grange, 


In 1920 he was appointed 
consulting orthopaedic sur- 
geon to Lancashire County 
Council and surgical director 7 
of the Robert Jones & Agnes 
Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital, 
Oswestry. In 1932 he became 
appointed orthopaedic sur- 
geon to the Manchester Royal 
.Infirmary, where, in 1939, he 
was chosen as its first profes- 
sor of the subject. 

AB of these posts he held 
until his retirement in 1951, 
when be was elected emeritus 
professor. He served on the 
board of governors of fee 
Manchester Royal Infirmary 
from 1948 to 1963. 

He later claimed to have 
won the Ashes for England in 
1932. In that year he was 
called to Old Trafibrd to 

was won by George Dyson -examine- Harold Larwood, 
(later distinguished as com- who was having trouble with 

poser and musicologist). 

After a dimm er of indeci- 
sion, and partly influenced by 
Robert Jones, Platt opted fen: 
medicine rather than music. 
He entered medical school at 
-the Victoria University, Man- 
chester, and in fee absence of 
previous scientific training, 
had great difficulty wife phys- 
ics and chemistry. 

His undergraduate fyreer 

one of his knees. Though 
advising a period of rest, be 
pronounced Larwood fit for 
the notorious “bodyfine” tour 
of Australia. 

During fee Second World 
War he was consultant adviser 
in orthopaedic surgery to the 
Emergency Medical Service, 
and after fee war he was an 
active member of innumera- 
ble government committees 

The Rev R j m Ononcnor. Vicar. Si 
Prter, Croydon, dioceae of South- 
war*, to be Rector, united benefice of 
Mrrsmam and Canon, mne diocese. 

The Rev M R KW - 

charge. Ironvflle and Rfc 

of Derby, to he Vkar. united benefice 
of (ranvtoe 

Ho an honorary 

Mart's Cathedral. Salt 
Utah. US. 

The Rev j C Laird, vicar. Ki 
with Bolnhwrst and LOtle su ^fi l 

dioceae or SI AKmns. 
honorary — — 

Canon H D McKee, tmtfl recently 
Canon Residentiary of Sheffield 
Cathedral, dioceae of Sheffield, to be 

centre team ralntdry. dioceae of 

The Rev J a McKinney, vicar. 
Intake. Doncaster, dioceae of Shrf 
rusd. in be fun -lime Chamato to the 
Potice Staff College. BramsMU. Hamp- 
shire. _ 

Rev M A Moron, curate. 
Thome St Andrew. Norwich. 

• curate. Quo 

of Norwich, to bee 

7Thc*Rev R LPamr. vicar. Nether 
Stwey wdh Over Suwey. dioceae of 
Bath and WeQa. to be al*o Rural Dean 
ofQuamock. aame diocese. • _ 

, The Rev P H Ronayne. War. ft 
UUurt. Norwood, dioceae of South- 
wark. to be also Rural Dean of 
Strratham. aame dioceae. 

The Rev J Thou, vicar. CoxwoM 
and HuMiwalte. diocese of Yorkshire, 


The Rev W H 

vicar, Sheraton Magna with Easton 

Grey and UKMngton with AMertoo 

and prteai-ln«hame. Foxley wtOt 
Bremflhatn. diocese of Bristol to be 
vicar. Foxley with oremUham. 

.The Rev P D Varney, unto recently 
director Of the Btoxham protect and 
omtstant priest, si Frauds. West 
Wlcklwn. dtooear of Southwark, to be 

vrteai-w-charae. Brumshani. Brimon. 

Hunwortn. Stodv. Swanum Never*, 
and Thomaae. tut 
. The Rev J T 

Welwyn with Ay of S> „ 

of SI Alban*, to be also an honorary 

canon of St Albans. Mina, dioceae. 

The Rev J f Willard. Rector. 
BHhoo-a Waltham, dtacese of Ports- 
mouth, to be Vicar. HUV Trinity with 
St Ptunp. Beechwood Road, natston. 
dtacese of London. 

The Rev J O WrtUbL. i 
minister, dtacne « W 


Resignations and retiremems 

The Rev M Barnett. Vicar. Watehet. 
and Rural Peon of Quamock. dtacese 
of Bath and Wells, to reotsn aa Rural 
Dean, but continues as Vicar, 

The Rev F Allred, team Vicar. 
Hcworth taldi . r e sign ab il it y far 
enrat Church. Hcworth J. diocese of 
York, ha* rented because Of Ul health. 

The Rev H Myers. Vicar. Fuuora in 
Stone with HUderstone. dioceae of 
Ltctihetd- to mire an March 31. 1967. 

Other appointment 

Contain D Sandman. Choroi 
Arms', dtaotatn for training and 
mission, diocese of Norwich, to be 
assHiant d ire ctor of tralnlm). same 

was outstanding. He qualified mid other public bodies, both 
MB’ ChB in 1909 and also national and international. 

i took the London MB, BS wife 
honours and gold medaL 
There followed the London 
MS in 1911 and the FRCS 
England in 1012. A thesis on 
peripheral nerve injuries se- 
cured him an MD, Manches- 
ter, in 1921.- 

His early postgraduate 
training was at Manchester 
Royal Infirmary wife Sir Wil- 
liam Thorimro. He also taught 
in fee Manchester anatomy 
department under Sir Grafton 
Elliott Smith. His orthopaedic 
training was in London and 
Boston, Mass, where he 
worked wife Drs Elliott 
Brackett and R. B. Osgood, 
and also watched fee neuro- 
surgeon, Harvey Cushing. 

While in Boston he read 
voraciously the English, 
French and German orthopae- 
dic journals. He also savoured 

He was dented to the coun- 
cil of the Royal College of 
Surgeons of England in 1940, 
and served on it lor 18 years, 
being president from 1954 to 
1957. Hewas knighted in 1948 
and, as was customary at the 
time, received a baronetcy in 
his third year as PRGS. 

He became a patron of the 
Royal College of Surgeons on 
completion Of his presidency, 
and honorary fellow of fee 
Faculty of Dental Surgery in 
1963. In 1971 he was appoint- 
ed a Knight of fee Order of St 

Throughout his life he con- 
tributed profusely but selec- 
tively to surgical literature. He 
received- honorary degrees 
from the universities of Berne, 
Manchester, Liverpool Bel- 
fast, Leeds, and Paris; honor- 
ary fellowships of the surgical 

fee musical and operatic life of colleges of America, Canada, 
fee city, which he came to South Africa, Australasia, and 

regard as his second home. 

Returning to England in 
1914, he was appointed sur- 
geon to Ancoats Hospital 
Manchester, where he orga- 
nized the first segregated frac- 
ture department m Great 

Denmark; and honorary 
membership of the orthopae- 
dic associations of practically 
all fee countries of the western 

He was a founder member 
of fee British Orthopaedic 
Association in 1916, of which 

Miss Sa m an th a Carroll, of the Edgbaston Tennis Qub, in period dress, practises a shot In front of 8 Amptan Road, 
Edgbaston, where fee game of lawn tennis began move than 120 years ago (Photograph: PMfip Dunn). 

Birthplace of lawn tennis up for sale 


John McEnroe and Boris 
Becker might not know it, but 
No 8 Ampton Road, 
Edgbaston, Birmingham, is 
recognized as the birthplace of 
lawn tenuis (Craig Setou 

It was there, more than 120 
years ago, that the seeds of the 
modern Wimbledon game 
were sown. 

An ugly air raid shelter now 
occupies the spot in the garden 
of the fine mid-Victorian 
house where Major Harry 
Gem, clerk to die Birmingham 
magistrates, and Augorio 
Perera, a wealthy local mer- 
chant, marked out a rudi- 
mentary court and played the 
first game of lawn tennis. 

The three-storey 
only about one mile from the 
centre of Birmingham, is being 
sold for more than £12(1000. 

The new owner will acquire 
not only a seven- bedroomed 
home but a piece of tennis 
history, which is commemo- 
rated by a blue wall plaque 
stating feat in 1865 lawn 
tennis was originated and 
played there by Major Gem 
and his good friend Mr Perera. 

Records of the Lawn Tennis 
Association suggest however, 
that Major Gem and Spanlsh- 
boru Mr Perera probably be- 
gan playing tennis thereabout 
seven years earlier. 

The plaque on fee wall of 8 
Ampton Road. 

The records state: “For 
twelve years fee game thrived 
on Edgbaston turf”. By 1872 
the first lawn tennis emb was 
formed at Leamington Spa, 22 
mfles away. 

There is little information to 

explain bow Major Gem and 
Mr Perera came to oeate die 
new game of lawn tennis. 

Mr Perera was renting 8 
Ampton road, buOt at a cost of 
£14)00, at the time and fired 
there with Ms family and 
several servants. 

He and Major Gem are 
believed to have 
lawn teams from a game < 
sphairistike, which -was in- 
vented by Major Walter 
Wingfield, a member of the' 
Corps of Gentlemen at Anns 
at the Court of Queen Victoria. 

His game was played on au 
hour-glass court and wife 
high net. 



The Hon EJF. Quinton 
and Mbs SUE. Travis 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Edward, son of Lord 
and Lady Quinton, of Trinity 
College, Oxford, and Sarah, 
daughter of Mr A.W. Travis, of 
Western Samoa, and Mrs CC. 
Chariesworth, of Oxford. 

Mr WJJ. Crawshay 
and Mbs CJ5LA. Bowman 
The engagement is announced 
between William Jobs Julia, son 
of Mr and Mrs Julian Crawshay. 
of Tasbargh Grange, Norwich, 
Norfolk, and Ciaiie Elizabeth 
Anne, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
John Bowman, of Ingatcstonc 
House. Ingatestone, Essex. 

Mr EJF. Dewing 
and Mbs K.B. Matthews 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward Francis, youn- 
ger son of Mr and Mrs Edward 
Dewing, of Bceston Halt Nor- 
wich, Norfolk, and Kathleen 
Bernadette, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Bernard Matthews, 
of Great Witch ingham. and 

Newion-St-Faiths, Norwich, 

Mr NJL Evans 
and Miss LM.G BergendoifT 
The engigement is announced 
between Nicholas, third son of 
Mr and Mrs RJ5. Evans, of 
Sutton Coldfield. West Mid- 
lands, and Use, younger daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs P.G. 
Berecndorff, of Kalmar, 


Mr J.MJV. Gleave 
and bliss J.E. Malhena 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs J.R.W. Gleave, of 
Great Shelford. Cambridge, and 
Anna, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs R.G. Mulhern. of 
Kingsdowu, Deal, Kent. 

Mr J.M. Goodfelkm 
and Miss FA Hussey 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs T. GoodfeUow. of 
Aston Rowant, Oxfordshire, 
and Frances, younger daughter 
of Mr and Mrs A.M.W. Hussey, 
of Weymouth. Dorset. 

Mr G.T. Mrnsdeo 
and Miss J.C. Dicker 
The engagement is announced 
between Graham, eldest son of 
Mr and Mis C.T. Maisden, of 
Hove; Sussex, and Jane, second 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A. 
Dicker, of Woking, Surrey. 

Mr J.C Milne 
and Miss F- Keaoett 
The engagement is announced 
between John, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs EF. Milne, of 
Tadwoith, Surrey, and Flair, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs D.S. 
Kennett, of Sudbroofce. Lincoln. 

Mr TJXN. Argent 
and Miss S4- Seymour 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, younger son • 
of Mr and Mis T.H. Ardent, of 
Stapfefield. Sussex, and Jane, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J.F. Seymour, of Lidgate. New- 
market. Suffolk. 

Mr RJJ.Y. JemriDgs 
and Miss J.A. Nethaway 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, only son of Sir 
Robert and Lady Jennings, of 
Grantchester, near Cambridge, 
and JOT tan. only daughter of Mr 
J. Nethaway, of Dublin, Repub- 
lic of Ireland, and Mrs J. 
Nethaway, of Galway, Republic 
of inland. 

Mr AGE Ashmore 
and Miss C-. Blackwell 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, eldest son of 
Mis Madeleine Ashmore, of 
London, and Mr Michael 
Ashmore, of Djibouti and 
Clare, eldest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Peter Blackwell, of Dubai 


Mr SlM. Edwards 
and fee Hon A£. Tamer 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St . Andrew's. 
Booth by Pagneli of Mr Simon 
Edwards, elder son of the late 
Mr Roland Edwards and of Mrs 
Julia Edwards, of Feotimen 
Road. London, SW8. and the 
Hon Anna Turner, eldest daugh- 
ter of the late Lord 
Nelherthorpe and of Lady 
Nefeenborpe. of Boothby Hall 

Boothby PagnalL Lincolnshire. 
Canon O.R. Fulljames and the 
Rev Keith Mortey officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her brother, was 
attended by Jpmes Turner, 

Catherine Turner and the Hon 
Kate Turner. Mr Adrian Kyriazi 
was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and tbe 
honeymoon wfll be spent 

Mr J. Day 

and Miss SJL Salmon 
Tbe marriage took place on 
December 20, 1986, m Graz. 
Austria, of Mr Jeremy Day and 
Miss Shirley Lamond Salmon, 
elder daughter of Mis Nella 
Salmon, ofLoirston. 18 Selsdon 
Road, New Haw, Weybridge, 
Surrey, and the late Mr Chris- 
topher Salmon. 

Mr M.C. Knowint 
and Miss GA. Brooke-Pop ham 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. December 20, at St 
Pancras Church, Bagborough. of 
Mr Marie Kimmins* son of. 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs 
John Kimmins. and Miss Cath- 
erine Brooke-Popbam, daughter 
of Captain Philip Brooke- 
Pop ham and Mrs Peter Laxg. 

Mr NJLH. Jones 
and Mis SJK Brough 
The marriage took place in 
Kensington on Saturday, 
Decembe r 20. between Mr 
Nicholas J.H. Jones and Mis 
Sharon B. Brough. 

Mr JJ>. Stephenson 
and Miss CA. Shatet 
The marriage look place on 
December 20 between Mr John 
David Stephenson and Miss 
Caroline Alisa Shale! - ?j- 

University news 

Wa les 


Honorary professor of dram 
flvo-year period. 




Mark Humor, from Janu ary 
vtsituo wHwr 
Protestor HyaouUi ■ 

AJaofliHl tor 19 SO/S 7.1 

LrajTto the doartoKni of 
I lo «tudy DNA I 
tataH. BMft- tnvotvemait 

■■——an d potential role *» 

Dr BN Perutz tot CSR*tu0fc» In 
orvanlc. ModMnUcal ana cr oapo - 
gMlaffle ChonUBv; £140641 tourD 
Orr to study uw UK jaan urt | 
mavtaBMtar - SwiMkjmm 

Jaaesn Rcwrurw t&anonas - 
aids: 76Q » Profowr j nmd 

ami Dr S low* for a CeUowifao to 
inoaMT tbe trust** tmsing wort. 
National Keanu . service *n ability 
Autboray; £107,30 0 to Mr S GotCUft? 
for an arcbfiectr tramtng programme. 

Stepping down 

Brigadier Brian Kenneth 
Warner, late Royal Regiment of 
Artillery, has relinquished the 
appointment -as Aide-de-Camp 
to the Queen. 

Brigadier Peter Harrison 
Swinhoe, late RAMC has relin- 
quished tbe appointment as 
honorary phyaaan. to the 
Queen. ' ■ 

Tbe Rev Professor Gordon 
Rupp, DD, FBA, died on 
December 19. He was 76. 

A Church historian of 
marked originality, whose 
most important works were 
on the subject of Luther, be 
was also a powerful exponent 
of Christianity through tbe 
spoken word. 

Ernest Gordon Rupp was 
born on January 7, 19J0, and 
educated at Owen’s School, 
Islington. He went into busi- 
ness with furniture dealers 
and a bank, and became a 
Methodist local preacher. 

Then ■ be went to King’s 
College, London, to study 
history under. Dr Norman 
Sykes. After graduating there, 
he trained "for tbe Methodist 
ministry at Wesley House, 
Cambridge, wife a subsequent 
year at Strasbourg and Batin 
Returning to Engjand in 1937 
he spent a year in a roving 
ministry among Methodist 
students, and eight years in the 
Methodist circuit at 

In 1945 he broke upon the 
world with a pamphlet demol- 
ishing a writer who had sug- 
gested that Luther was 
responsible for Hitler because 
responsible for fee. German 
cult of the State, The pam- 
phlet was brilliant and funny. 
If also disclosed a wide and 
original acquaintance with 
Luther’s works. 

It so impressed scholars that 
Rupp was soon invited to 
deliver the Biikbeck lectures 
at Cambridge. These lectures 
held large audiences spell- 
bound, and were the nucleus 
of his main work on Latter, 
published laieras The Righ- 
teousness qf God (1953). 

It was clear that his c a re e r 
should be in the study of 
church history, and so it was. 
He taught at the Methodist 
College at Richmond (1947- 
52); at Cambridge as lecturer 
(1952-56); as professor of 
church history at Manchester 


(1947); Luther’s Progress to 
the Diet of Worms (1951 
Some Makers qf English 
gion (1957); fee account 
Luther in the New Cambridge 
Modem History (1958); The 
Old Reformation and the New 
(1967); Patterns qf Reforma- 
tion (1969), in which he 
moved away from Luther into 
fee Anabaptists and radical 
Reformation; Just Men (1977) 
and Thomas More (1978). 

He also edited fee new 
history of Methodism. But 
above all, to Rupp more than 
any other author is due the 
revival of Luther studies in 

r et those who only read his 
books, good though they are, 
will have no idea of the man’s 
quality. His historical writing 
was such that his personality 
shone through, and the touch 
was so light that it hid fee 

kjBuCke was also an extraor- 
dinarily moving orator. This 
was not because of structure; 
his lectures or sermons were 
less like PaHadian buildings 
than displays of sparkling 
rockets fired off into fee sky. 

The spoken word scintillat- 
ed wife epigrams and wise- 
cracks. His voice was husky, 
his stature diminutive. Ins 
delivery rapid. Underneath 
the fun he communicated a 
feeHng for the marveflousness 
of ordinary things; & convic- 
tion feat fee search for God 

much of ecclesiastical rules; 
inwardness was what 

Never was a Nonconformist 
more* Catholic in the best 
sense. It pleased him to be 
invited by Anglicans to lecture 
on an Archbishop of Canter- 
. bury, by Roman Catholics to 
lecture on a cardinal, by 
Frefeyterians to lecture on 
John Knox. 

Sometimes the historian in 
him seemed to understand the 
Church of England better than 
did some Anglicans. He ad-, 
mired Bishop Geoige Bell 
and was one of a small group 
led by him ' to reestablish 
relations wife the Ger man 
Lutherans after the war. 

He was one of the Protes- 
tant observers at the Second 
Vatican Council, and in 1 96»- 
69 was President of the Metn- 
odist Conference. 

Latterly he was an honorary 
fellow of Emmanuel and pro- 
fessor emeritus at Cambrige. 
He was also an honorary 
fellow of Fiizw fliiam Colle ge, 
Cambridge, and of King’s 
College, London. He held 
honorary doctorates from Ab- 
erdeen, Manchester and Paris. 

, In 1938 he married Marjo- 
rie Hibbard who, with their 
son, survives him. 


Mr Leonard Rayner writes: 


he later became president 
(1934-5) and honorary fellow. 
He was also a founder mem- 
ber of tbe Societe 
Internationale <fe * Chirurgie 
Orthopedique et Be 
Traumatologic (1929) and 
president (1948-53); president 
of the International Federa- 
tion of Surgical Colleges 
( 1958 - 66 ); and then honorary 
president from 1970. 

He was a founder member 
of the Association of Surgeons 
of Great Britain and Ireland in 
1919, and was president of fee 
Royal Society of Medicine 
(1931-32). , . 

Apart from his strictly surgi- 
cal commitments, he gave 
service to innume rable bodies 
related to the National Health 
Service: fee Spens committee 
on consultants’ remuneration, 
fee Central Health. Services 
Council, Merit Awards Com- 
mittee, Standing Tuberculosis 
Advisory Committee, and the 
committees on the Welfare of 
Children in Hospital and on 
Accident and Emergency Ser- 
vices, being chairman of the 
last three. 

He also presided over the 
Central Council for the Dis- 
abled from 1969 until his 


As a man. he displayed 
formidable energy and drive, 
both physical and mental, 
despite a much shortened leg 
supported by an appliance. In 
early years he had a rather shy 
nature, allied to considerable 
intellectual arrogance, which 
m ade it diffi cult for many folk 
to get to know him well. 

Privately, it was his firm 
belief feat a committee of one 
was the quickest way to get 
things done. Those wno got to 
know him well became more 
numerous as increasing age 
brought greater tolerance, and 
many were amused and en- 
lightened by his astringent — 
often acidulous — comments 
on colleagues and the world at 

His qualities of mind and 
heart, his organizing ability, 
and his farseeing, philosophi- 
cal outlook more than com- 
pensated for any abruptness of 

He had a prodigious memo- 
ry. even as he approached his 
century. Only a short time ago, 
he gave a five-hour interview 
to a reporter from the British 
Medical Journal, in which , he 
displayed a quite astonishing 
recollection of names and 
events from the past. 

His hundredth birthday 
brought together surgeons 
from many countries and 
every continent Af a dinner in 
Manchester University on Oc- 
tober 7 this year he insisted, 
though seated in a wheel- 
chair, on receiving and 
shaking hands with the whole 
company of 338. 

After presentations bad 
been made, the old warrior 
rose to his feet and rounded 
off the evening with a twenty- 
five minute speech, delivered 
in a firm voice and without 
notes. Tins was. of course, 
greeted with a standing ova- 

In 1917 he married Ger- 
trude Sarah Turney; She died 
in 1980, but he is survived by 
his son and four daughters. 


(1956-67); and aggjn at Cam- ing apprehensions of Chris- 
bndge, as Dixie professor and tianity m any mind of our age. 

to a wM adventure and yet lftc of 

tte most exacting quest grief from all sertiom Of Hone 

Kong society tttfee 

optimism about fee world and * - 

our times. 

He preferred proteaing 
teenagers to tte bureaucrats 
trying to cope. He ted more 
feifo in students Than in dons. 

But be was not a man for 
discos; he liked stinnwa , and 
under the tumble of his own 
words somehow conveyed a 

All life was fresh, to Mm. His 
to one of tbe most enchant- 

fellow of Emmanuel College 
0968-77). From 1967 to 1974 
he was principal of his old 
college, Wesley House: 

Tte fruit. of these anufrmit* 
posts included Studies hi the 

A or 

me Governor. Sir Edward 
Youde, must be unique in 
British colonial history. 

In over 40 years' 1 experience 
of colonial administrators 
around Asia I cannot recall 
one who so completely won- 
the trust and affection of his 

The Foreign and Common- 
TOlth Office is often the butt 
of media humour and tte 
scapegoat of Whitehall but 
the appointment of Sir Ed- 
ward m 1981 moved an 

Apart from his academic unqualified - -* 

keaiways. remained a .He contributed much to fee 
M«bodist minister. Modest -excellent state of Sino-British * 

SsJ 5 ” & :S35-Elr5SSK£ a 


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And UM- MUX or Coo. which 
wb*#i *B ondondtiiMina ifun 
Uxo your Hearts and nanus 
uirouoh ChrM Jam. 

PMHpwmw 4 : 7 

ALLZX ■ On December «Ui at the John 
RaddlJYo haapUaL Oxiord. u> GMUn 
«v« Cooke) ami Dennis. Monacal 
twin sons. Tom Frederic* am Max 

BH8W • On December I70v ai Wed- 
minsier Hospnal. 10 CecUU into 
Scod> and Steven, twin sons. Christo- 
oher Frederick Wear and OUvcr 
Jamie Scon. 

•WHIH - On Domur ism at Queen 
Ou'tone's Horoltal. to Amanda into 
Capcwctn and John, twin sons 
Henry and George. 

CAHVBJLE - On December 7m 1986. 
at SI Mary's. Paddington, to Maggie 
fnee Stanton) and Terry, a son 
Nicholas Daniel Edward. 

CVMU - On December \SU». U 
Rtvffvlew la Redtunk. New Jersey 

- to Cbrbane «n*e Tamer) and Dadd, 
a daushlrr. Hotly Ettabeta. 

HALLHWtY - On December loth 1986. 
at Queen Charlotte's, to Stan into 
Thomas) and Jonathan, a son. Wil- 
liam Michael Newton. 

HEARD ■ On December 14 th to 
Antonia unto Frmrrj and Rtchard. a 
daughter. Samantha. 

LEGCE - On Sunday iflfli Dec emb er 
1 986, to victoria tnte Ottteyj and Rd- > 
pen. a son. Edward Peregrine. 

POST AMS . On December 13th at 
Kingston Hospital. Maternity UnM. to 
Graham and Polly tN'tc RumbokU ■ 
son Wim/un John Richard. 

SCOTT - On December 19th at St 
Thomas's Hospital, to Mode and 
Dominic, a daughter. 

STEVENS - On December 17th. at 
F am borough hoepual. Kern, to Jem 
nynWeSautcrtand Bob. a son. Gram 

STUBBS -On December 14th. to Ange- 
la into Wrighii and PhUip. a 
daughter. Charlotte Joanna 


December 20th. Richard to Penny. 


WEAUWim - On 2lst December 
1946 at Christchurch Priory. Tom 
and Kay of 65 Rhos Hendre. 
Waunmwr. Aberystwyth. 


■■BROOK - On Dece mb er 19th. In 
Newmarket Hospital after a short BP 
ness, violet Anne (Tony), widow of 
Dr Donald a •Brook- Funeral 5.00 pm 
Tuesday 23rd December ai Cam* 
bridge Crematorium. 

BCCKFORD - On Friday December 
19th 1986. peacefully el The Mourn. 
Waigrave. Berkshire. Alfred James, 
aoed 92 years, date borber of 
Waigrave). Funeral private, memori- 
al service ai Saint Mary's Church. 
Waigrave, at 3pm Friday 16th Janu- 
, atv 1987. No Dowers or letters 
B please, but donations u desired to 
The Royal British Legion. Wakvave 
Branch. Herons Creek. Station Road. 

BLACK - On Deonber 18th. suddenly. 
Kenneth. Dearly loved and sadly 
missed. Funeral Hetatw to be 

B BF AK E M . . On December 17m. 
peacefully at home, Maty Prison*. 

*epmother. Funeral service Oa Tuea- 
« a Mary's, 
Lawort. at 12 noon, Flowers may 

BROWN - On December l6lh 1986, 
ludaenty but very pencetuUv. at 
home. Kenorih B.. used 6a yean, be- 
nww htrihand of ron^ father of 
MAiUn and Mgri and brother of Nor- 
ma. Funeral service on Tuesday 
December 23rd at 2.300m at Perry 
Wit Qrrmatortum. Family flowers 
only. Donations to The Administra- 
tor. Buntfagham Eye Hospital. 
Church SL BtnuIngfiRn. 

CIWRCT ■ On December 19th. peace- 
Wly M home. Catherine Cedty 
(Biady) wuow or caown Douglas 
Churc h Funeral M Colder* Groan 
Crravaiartuiu 4,00 pea Tuesday 23rd 


COCTQR - On December 18th 1986, 
h<vdon Balfour, aged 79, loved hut- 
basid of Peggy and twin brother of 
Audrey Oxford. i#» —— -it— 1 of 
L»oyd» Bank. Oevecs. wnts. Service 
and ensnanoa at SUBUmy. WDts on 
December 29th at lD,3Qam, No flow- 
era. donations tf dmtred to Cancer < 
Research. j 

FAlfTOM ■ On December 17th audden- 
tv but peacefully at home. Peter 
NeUo Serando. Deeptar laved by Ms 
lamtiy. husband to Maxie and father 
and dearest mend to Ida eon Barry. 
The beamy or his pataWnge were 
maimed only by the warmth and 
generally of Ms spirit. 

RAMMER- On December 18th to hos- 
pital after a Iona Illness, wntch he 
bore wtm great courage and good hu- 
mour. cnana aged 82. beloved 
husband of Bnyl and deer tether of 
David and SaUy and grandfather of 
Jonathan. Toby. Richard. Bruno and 
Joanna. Funeral service on Tuesday 
December 50Ui at 2JWpm at Si 
Saviour's Church. Dartmouth, to be 
followed by private cremation- Fam- 
ily flows* only please, donations If 
desired to Dartmouth Hospital where 
hr was nuned with surii loving care. 

KNfCHT - On December IBtn 1986. in 
hospital. Dons, aged 79 years. Wife 
of the tale Samuel Antrar Kn»hi and 
mother of Paul. Juba and Mark. 

LMBSELL - On December 19th 1986. 
Suddenly tn Northumberland. James 
Cuthbert aged 73 yean of Lane End. 
SL Ippotyls. Hitch to. Dearly loved 
husband of Sheila iCurlle) Llndscu 
and much loved father of Judy. 
Tony. Lebby and PhBto and beloved 
grandfather of Angela. Michael. Jo. 
Dura and Julia. Cremaooa family 
only at Newcastle on December 
23nL Memorial service at SL 
Ippotyls to be announced later. 

UDYD-UVRS - On 18th December 
1986. suddenly. Howard, beloved 
husband of Janie, father of Matthew. 
Thomas and George and the deorty 
loved only son of Mbit LLoyd. Funer- 
al service at . Altrincham 
Crematorium On Tuesday 23rd De- 
cember (Tomorrow) at 9 JO am. 
FamBy flowera only please, but If de- 
sired donations far wythentfunve 
Hospital Cardiac Triumtant Fund 
may be forwarded to AJB Brookes 
And Sons » 70 Barrington Road. 
Altrincham. Tel: 061 928 2000. 

MARTIN - On December 18th. peace- 
fully at home, after a short Otnesa. 
Eric James, wed 82 years, beloved 
husband of Joan, loving Other or 
Jonathan and Unume. Funeral ser- 
vice at tuswicti Crematorium. North 
ChapeL on Tuesday December 23Ri 
at 11 ,30am. No flowers, but dona- 
ttaus If desired for AH Saints Church. 
Holbrook Fabric Fund. Ipswich, may 
be sent e/o Singleton and Hasting Fu- 
neral Sendees. 21. Berners Street 

nCTERf - On December MB, peace- 
fully at Upton HospnaL Donald 
Frederick, formally of PaotHes. 
Fulmar, Backs. Dearly lowed hus- 
band of Tandy, kwino father of 
Jeremy and Geta. Private funeral. 

Manor . on Dnsea 17 m im&. 
mkuml peacefully tn mpttai star a 
Nw«t IDntn PrlvM* Mdr funeral. 

No Aswan by reaucML Oeoanaa Iff aw oU 
aNwdU-Cweir naifrli tn memory 1 warm . 
ofMIcnael Paiertiy* toLtwnts Baak Pk. I wim nan 

High tareeL Bu reft eme. Otoe. V 



Ww not m» IB Ftarance tn 19877 
Th* antMK nwtnuta «m mvon In 
to wan Inmtw. mum an to 

Ma in TOeoany and Drawing a Watte 
C omurtou . -A* tom counes to Sanaa 
aad HMi n r of ait are uw aftcmL 
Tha (nadnila n dnwtwi to uw ecMto or 

B O M f CTW - On 20th December, 
peacef ully m home. Jawea. loved to- 
(her a t Pmalopo and Jonelhan. 
Family flowers only please. Dona-; 
hobs If desired * Um Marie Curie 
Foundation. Da n aiian a cam of and 
all enqueriea to Plauna Funeral Ser- 
vioes. Charters. Mary Road. 
CtokHtord. 0483 67394 

I RUM - On Fridw. D e c c mb a r 1901. St 
Ms home to Cambridge. E. Gordon 
Rupp aged 76 Years. Husband of 
Mulatto and father of Martin. Fu- 
naral aervice at Wcsfcy Church, mg 
StrecL Cambridge on Wednesday De- 
cember 24th at IAS pm followed by 
toteruant at Cambridge Cny Ceme- 
tery. Fanmy flown only, but H 
de s ired donations to The M Mh mlli l 
Homes for the Aaod. c/o Reverend P. 

Mgby. WeaMy Manse, Christ* Piece*, 

BMW -On 17th December, peaceful- 
ly. John Beasley Sharp. 
Thanksgiving service as 81 000000 **. 
Horstpiirpotot at liJSOim on 
Wednesday 24dt December. Dona- 
tions to Torch Trmt for the Bund or 
Si Catherine's Hoeptoe. Crawley. 

MMHmts - on December 19th. at 
The RetreaL York. Margaret aged 70 
yean, dearly loved wife of Goorge 
and mother of Ajasodr. Margaret. 
A Haim. Peter and lan and a loving 
grandmother. Funeral aervice and 

cremation ar York Crematorium. 
Tuesday December 23r«J * l AOOpm 
Famfly flowers only pl e as e- Dona- 
tions to your in e ftu ed Chartty. 
Letters 10 82 CtUpton ltd. York. 

TUCKER - On December 18 th 1986 
suddenly at hb home Binharo House. 
Taunton. Arthur RegtnaM Tucker 
aged 84, A dear brother, unde ad 
god father. Funeral private at hb 

TUPPEft - On December 18th 1986 
peacefully m San Diego. Cattfbrnia 
after a long antes*. Fred Tapper aged 
76. former Public Relations Officer, 
Pan American Airways, Europe DL 
vMon. Mounted by hb loving wfh 


SFUMBf. Frances Clare - Btockby 
Church. 10 th January 1987 at IJO 
pm. Friends welcome. 

David Rnodle, Director, 
British losthme, Luttgarno, 
Guicciardini, 50125 

Td : 010 39 35 284031 

nans, can Boston’s TWA Canal if 
you need to talk. 0734 789698. Lady 
of me Sky. LC. 



fca msm 

307 Kmnaa NB 
Hnunetisl WWW 

TetOJ- 7944)1 39 






Wtotowide lew com aaeas 
The Ml - m> we eon prove ■ 
IMuDOO chats Once i«70 




bM um Return 






M2noa togm SL un 



HUNT - Dr Thomas died December 
22nd I96 0. Dearest love always. B. 

JEFFREYS - tn tovtng memory of Rob- 
in. Captain O S. a. Royal Navy, who 
died November 1963 and of John. 
IdBed 1943. Abo of Edmund on tHe 
hb birthday. D.F.C.. RAF. OoagM 
Commend, killed (tying 1944. 

MUMMY - Christina - D4ed Der 22nd. 
1946. In constant memory. The 
roam, that heard our eariMt ciy. 
win shelter one of a stranger race.’ 

WEEK - WDMd John. NLA. (CantMsV 
LMASA.. born 22nd December 
1930, died 8th May 1986. afler a 
normal day tn the surgery. Trea- 
sured memori e s. Dad. 

bound for 

By Clifford Longley 
Religions Affairs 

About 19.000 young men and 
women from all over Europe are 
expected to cross the Channel 
bound for London, just after 
Christmas, to take pan in a five- 
day religious evenL 
To handle what the organizers 
claim as the largest mass cross- 
• since Dunkirk, some ferry 
companies will be putting on 
extra ships. 

The focus of the week will be 
daily prayer services in 
London's three most important 
church buildings. Westminster 
Abbey. St Paul's, and West- 
minster Roman Catholic Cathe- 
dral starting on December 29. 

The Methodist “Cathedral”, 
Westminster Central Hall, will 
also be used for special events. 

The event is held in a Euro- 
pean city very year by members 
of the Taize Community in 
Northern France, a unique 
interdenominational centre of 
pilgrimage with a wide inter- 
national youth following. 

The Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, Dr Robert Runcie, will 
address the young people in St 
Paul's on December 30. and 
Cardinal Basil Hume in Wesi- 
n minster Cathedral on Jan 1. 

’ "both events in the evening. 
Several thousand British 
young people are also expected 
to take pari. Five years ago. 
when the Taize Community 
held a similar but slightly small- 
er event in London at the same 
time of year, the thousands who 
took pan had the deserted 
centre of London virtually to 
themselves. . . 

Although the monks of Taize 
are anxious not to be seen as 
starling a new youth movement, 
and insist on respecting de- 
nominational allegiances, their 
style appeals strongly to youth- 
ful impatience with the disunity 
of the churches, and equally to 
the search for a deeper spirirual- 
ilv than is supplied by ordinary 
{ life. Nevertheless the 
n mood of the annual Taizfe 
meetings is usually low-key and 


$220,000 for Einstein 
letter about A-bomb 

By Geraldine Nonaan, Sale Room C or re s pondent 

A two-page letter from Albert 
Einstein, the great physicist, 
to President Roosevelt 
explaining the theoretical 
possibility of making an 
atomic bomb was sold for 
$220,000 (estimate $60,000 to 
$80,000), or £151,724, at 
Christie's in New York on 

It is the highest auction 
price paid for a 20th-century 
letter. The pmchaser was 
Malcolm Forbes, proprietor «f 
Forbes Magazine who has a 
collection of presidential 
memorabilia as well as owning 
the log of the US pilot who 
dropped the bomb on 

Einstein wrote to the Presi- 
dent in 1939 at die request of 
the physicist, Leo Szilard. He 
signed two versions, a lon^ and 
a short one, leaving it to 
Szilard to decide which was 
the most suitable to send. 

Szilard sent the longer ver- 
sion and retained the other. It 
was the latter that Christie’s 
hud for sale. 

The secret development of 
the atomic bomb in the United 
States was the direct result of 
that letter. After seeing at 
Hiroshima the horrific 
vindication of his 1905 for- 
mula, E = mC 2 , Einstein began 
to regret having sent the letter. 

Later in life he confided to 
Linas Pauling: “I made one 
great mistake in my life - 
when I signed the letter to 
President Roosevelt 
recommending that atom 
bombs be made.** 

Christie's sale also set a new 
auction price record for an 
American book when the 1663 
translation of the Bible into 
Algonqnian Indian sold for 
$220,000 (estimate $50,000 to 
$70,000) to a New York 

Science report 

John Efiofs Indian transla- 
tion of the Bible was the first 
Bible printed in America. The 
undertaking was commis- 
sioned by the “Corporation in 
England for the Propagation 
of the Gospel among the 
Indians in New England*’. 

The copy offered for sale 
was one of 20 sent back to 
England and morocco-boond 
for presentation. It is believed 
to have belonged to Henry 
Ashurst, secretory to the 

The file contained a umber 
of other cariosities. The 19- 
page manuscript of a Sherlock 
Holmes store called The 
Adventure of the Mazarin 
Stone made $49,500 (estimate 
$20,000 to $25,000). 

The two-page working 
raansscript of a largely ro- 
pHbhshed poem by Byron 
venomously attacking his wife, 
“The Bitch pmtnmisi g Ihe 
Charity Ball 1 ’, sold for 
$24200 (estimate $4000 to 
$ 6 , 000 ). 

A two-and-a-half-page ferve 
letter from Nelson to Emma 
Hamilton, incorporating the 
account of an erotic dream, 
secured $18,700 (estimate 
$3^00 to $4500). 

“Id one of my dreams I 
thought 1 was at a large table, 
yon was (sic) not present, 
sitting between » Princess who 
1 detest and another. They 
both tried to sednee me and the 
first wanted to take those 
liberties with me which no 
woman in this world bat 
yourself ever did, the con- 
sequence was I knocked her 
down, and in the moment of 
bustle yoa came hi and takin g 
me to yoar embrace wispered 
(sk) I lore nothing bat yoo by 
Nelson. I kissed yoo fervently 
and we enjoyed the height of 

Psychology aid for cancer patients 

The idea of using psychological 
preparation to help people who 
have to undergo surgery is a 
fairly recent phenomenon but its 
importance has been recognized, 
particularly among women who 
have to undergo mastectomy. 
Indee4 when a surgeon wrote in 
the 1970s that individBals who 
underwent the operation were 
like birds with broken wings, be 
was waking the point that 
surgical skills were not enough. 

■ Thee also had to be effective 
psychological support. 

Since then, both surgery and 
psychology have made nsefil 
advances. Much disfigurement 
caw be avoided by both 
reconstructive surgery after 

mastectomy or by lranpertomy- 
removal of the temoBT plus 

In the surgical aspect, experi- 
ence indicates that both Owl- 
Bents produce similar results to 
early breast cancer and there is 
no consensus among surgeons 
which is the best treatment. _ 

At centres where progress ts 

By Peter Brock 

being made on the emotioaal 
side, very successful work is 
being carried out by clinical 
psychologists and surgeons at 
the Royal Liverpool Hospital, 
funded by the Cancer Research 

The psychological prepara- 
tion for sneh surgery Involves 
extensive testing by ques- 
tionnaire and interview, known 
as informal decision analysis. 

Dr Glynn Owens and pr 
Jennifer Ashcroft, psycholo- 
gists. are working with Mr Sam 
Leinster, consultant surgeon, 

and their most recent study 
involves 43 women who received 
either of the two treatments. The 
psychological tests measured 
anxiety and depression, self' 
esteem, satisfaction with body, 
marital adjustment and the fire- 

S iuescy and severity of life events 
a the year before the tests. 

They were administered be- 
fore surgery and at three months 
and one year afterwards, to 
addition, details were collected 
about life after the operation. 

“The value id psychologists 
helping to prepare patients for 
surgery is fairly well 
established," Dr Owens said, 
“bat we discovered there was not 
much in the literature about ns 
helping patients. to make de- 
cisions where options esasted.*’ 

What tbe team found was that 
where the patient was offered 
the choice, she was often de- 
lighted to hare help from a 

PS Fw°soiBe" patients, howerer, 
there was no choice, since 
medical considerations overrode 
ail others. 

Not all women required de- 
tailed help in m aki ng a decision, 
s on,* xinng the surgeon to 
make the dedsioa for them — 
"deriding not to deride**, as Dr 
Owens puts ft. 

“Clearly, allowing a patient to 
choose her own treatment is 
important if psychological 
adaptation is to occur**, said Dr 
Owens, whose findings are to be 
published in the Journal of 
Psychosocial Oncology- 

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(Ell'd 1969) 

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Nonce a hereby omen. pnrsuaM to 
ncoataitCKi tail) of (he Ova AVUUen 
On v e so wmon of Acaaents) Rcgulanons. 
1983. (hat an ban octo r* S tavesflgauan 
under me raid neguteoans u Ukwo place 
aun the rirwostancas and enow of Hie 
ncuni Obi u minni on 10 Nowa nb cr 
IKM at umm Heathrow Airport to 
Boring 747 G-AWNS npM la the 


cauaea at me (netaent should do so in 
wining to the Chief kiapectar of Aoddmih 

OU14 6TD wi) 
mb naoco and 

Mn in days or the data at 
should ouMe tbe reference 

. Ref 73648/20/0900 

MmWAK pimaae couecmr wtshes to 
p u rch oi e do cumnW and any other ! 
Ucma rriottng to Sarawak or BriUah i 
North Borao. Oco« prices txAd. Rtng Ol 1 
084 4000 before Slot n oc emne r I9M. 

WANTED Cdwardtan. Vtctarian aim aa 
nasaiBd mrauuro. Mr AaMon Ol 947 , 
0946. 067-609 Oarrou Lane. CariaOrid. , 

CC WANTED Large Vic war dr obes, 

chain. manning brio. 

0IC.OI 940 76SSdayJU 78*0471 eves. 


1 rarer naoy md carpet*. AI bade 
Prioaa and under, also mUM 100*8 
antra. Largo room rise mama under 
taD noranOprica. CMmcary-Garpws Ol ' 

m mmi . Btat mm Mr U aaw- 
ouf avants. Oar dMb laduda naori 
mam-caimnlea. Credit canioaonptad. 

I 01408 1670. 

no rums w a s ire . outer mica 

an—, ll ia id beca t aady tar a m e n la 
Hon - abo -ttwtaV. £12.00. 
BatawW b er When. 01- 688 6 333. 

cata. aavUgM Exp. dieas. lco mm. ab 
theatre- and oporM-Teb 821-6010/828. 
0498 JLEx / Vta / Dtaers. 
s ro t nre Grand. 1914 . o n. 

E txunl a e d. MvMctms tariru- 
ment-£4JZ0a 01-090 4981. T. 

CATS, CHESS, bos Mtaand Phantom. AS ; 
theatre and apori. Tlel439 17S5. AD ma- 1 

W eras ads. 

ilBUAWT UASrtANO ta> C9L Bbct 

ntda/r na ewood. one coed. £8oo A £400 
ono. tm CanpbriL os 078 3089. 
raUBUS/WBUMB. Oookrra. eoc. Can 
von buy ctawri BAS LM. Ol 329 

2" MMdMMBB at bb uurQMBtaMe price 
Triepbo n p ; 0S2663372I. - 
Boacaw HUB8E rat riao. darn bay. 4 
wldta rioctanga. nun mane * tafl. 

■ 1 MlT wS 

1 year to% APR) on me be* eotactian or , 
now & rariored Mboblldw intaiw 
over 2 yn 6 Syra. wmien anattaona. 1 
Free catalogue. 3Qa H&btodr Rd. NWS. I 
01-267 7671. ! 




PUASEaanil a dsMtoP ta hati to tat 
cats anting adoption at our tarns 
Caam - or Joki tm Lera, nw 
mmbn wteome (AnouN St* E5) 

Ds«l T. 17 Kbga Ratal 
HontaBL W. SubSl HUB SFF. 
(tag. Ml 203644). 


Together we am beet k. 

Wo fund over one third at Ml 
s cjcarch info dv pPc taJ Nia u and, 
cure at c an cer in the UK. 

Help us b; sendina a donation 
or nuhe ■ legacj »' w 


Research 151 j 

cm ^ m 

2 Carina Kmm Tenmcc, 

[DBPT TT 72/12 Loudon SWIY 3AR. 


BAYSWATSK <Brl MtaL own mom la 
bxouy flat aM tariWlea. £178 pen «ri- 
Ol 842 1171 WOT*. Ol 727 8312 aveo. 

DULWKSL Lane, double roam. FF. B/C 
(tat - period house. SUS wot eq uate / 
aingia. £37 usd dp pw. Ol 299 3334. 

w musurernto F lo mara mixed hxx 
house. O/B. Mr Mba. £217 pen. Ol 602 

FLAT 2/3 tah ou r o*. dose W i Umlnincr . 
Boa natta 

<CTPSY WLL 1 mtaBR. Prof penon.O/R 
in ntac partad OaL snare 1 other OCH. 
£160 pan ax. OZ 809 0274. 


0734 Juotlar TtaV4L 

wfde. ut/ocanony. 01-387 9100 

■ALA8A, C MMUta Ol 441 Itlt. 
DltariS L Afctt. Alta 1785. 

Su MBCA From £466. 01-684 7371 

WOULD NBC OUAnawebril any 

lae lo any dertMUan in the wortd. 
EALING Travel Ol 879 7776. ABTA 

MUU A, 6 wa nt beta 3/1 tr £999. 8um- 
wr B7 Otatha. Canaria, Oraeco ns A 
beta Booh now lor medal offers. 
Lonancape. 01-441 0122 

LA1W A— MCA. Law cent mohta e.O- 
Ho £486. Lima £496 rtn. Alan Small 
Group Holiday JounnyaJm Pent Awn 
£3509 JLA Ol -747 -3108 

HOLT VMM £139. Taormina batata 
HcUy a la Carta. Grand Tour. FUobt 
only Bum £89 rtn. ISLAND sun oi- 
222 7462. ABTA/ATOL 1907. 

TUNTSB SUM SBcdata. prion to Cyprus. 
Malta. Morocco, (fence. Mala ga m la 
norite. DemnDar /January. Pan World 
HoBOawa Ol 734 2362 AM 1438. 

MONK ROM £4*9, BAM8K0K £369. 
Stagmora £487. OOtar PE aBea. 01-684 
6514 ABTA. 

LOWEST Ah- Farm. Scheduled Europe a 
W orldwide, mm Star TnmL Ol SU8 

nBUHA. For yonr boBday wbaie ira MB 
a upime r. Cantdr our taoetann new. TTi- 
naaan Trave Bun 01-373 441 1. 

Z EB M ATT. Baratab Flight/ Annum. 2 
vneb ujuuum dna 2Tth Dae. Phoows 
01-979 8709 

ALL US ernes. Lowest tares an motor 
sc hodtaoa ca eriam. 01-684 7371 ABTA 

TAKE TM OFF in Parts. Amsterdam 
Braamta Bnari Geneva. Berne-, tan, 
same. Zurich. The Hamm. Oman. 
Rouen. Bndogae A DHbdc. Ttme Off. 
2s- ChotfeCkM. L on do n. SW1X 7BQ, 
01-236 0070. 

late XJHAS A Now Year and to CarEt- 
twan A Seychrikn with accom. Can 
Interline Travel 01-249 8663 ABTA 


■M holtdaya b> the bari Ftmcb resorts. 
MM fdr mn* India, now. 

Tai 01-709 2892. 

ABTA 69266 AON 13B3. 

BUBti Er-NBWOBtatag a aaMBCMiri. 
—«« «n— -i.i. — yianm ana 9*O art a sl 
SAVE im m £200 Ibr den On 20/27 
Dac. Ol 786 9999. 

& Mestacl CM now Sid Vta Ol 900 
CS4 briO Ol 903 444A 

BDniUffL DDBy to Oanev a. Zur feta 
Munlril ole. From £89. SKI WEST. Td 
01 786 9999. 

amor. Sufiartx. trad, aeaam S/cm wo. 
Tei (0242) 603696 fdavy 602776 tovaa) 

an nJONTS. Mti BOmn a. Zuri ch. 
Munich OK. From £09. SKI WEST. Tri 
Ol 788 9999. 

TAKE ADVAKTA8E of is In January. 
vomt. VUtara. MoriboL Magove. SKI 
Les Aloes. Ol 602 9766. 

VUJJUUk ncnuWta new i bMraem 
asarimattL Parted aMtag Avtatebta 
new nr erivair MUtao. oi«w 4874 

t p 

nm CHALETS tn OtadMML Ca- 
tered ana wan USHatnntapnw. 
Janumy s £169 tar. Jan IO £149 coa- 
ch. Mn Into A broc hur e- CM) 0484 

CHALETS from only C123M - January 
Dens. Plane Jtam Mran Ski (01)499 
1911 or (0730) 66661 
HALF PfOCC Private flat adfcmt orite La 
Plra*. SUMPS6.2 bane from 20ih Dec.. 
Jan - Feb - MarCh. Tta 01-389 6988 

76 GhaftasbvtY Avenue 
London W1V7DG. 

01-439 0102/01439 7751 
Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 





IN THE MATTER OF The Surrogate 
Court Ad RAO. 1980. Section 31 
AND IN THE BOATTER OF tbe Estate of 
PhyUa Camsncn dacnaand. lata of Um City 

BnabuL Ctara. Patma a many tnoro. 
Alao Dee/Jan lari mtamto bargains. 

Vantura Holtdaya. 

Ttf: ShoBMd 0742 331 lOO 
Tel: London CM 261 6466 
* TM: ManriwsMr 061 834 6033 
Alta 2034 

















01-629 3368 

CUSlUiriEUS ON nghta/htas to En- 
• rape. USA A moat doattnufona. 
Diplomat Travel: 01-730 2201. ABTA 

EU1RTIUR. N YOl fe £22 9. LA/San Fran 
£329. Nataata £399. Jetouro £499. 
Syd/Md £669. Ba n g M I t £369. AS cu- 
red earn are m re 7i« 


Dm, Oaure. Ol 878 B146. ABTA. 

Mtam ceo B UUtota Repeat B*. Wt. Ol 
734 0307. ABTA/ Alta BC7. DMI 

carriers to Aos/NZ. 01-664 7371 

BBEAP PLMfirS Worldwide. Hhymaritat | 
O1J980 UM. 1 

MFAM WALES 7 day advtntuni beta for 
over 18s- PIMM 0633 216621 for flap 

He. Dtaiumd Travel ATOL 1783. 0263 
614434. 01-681 4641. 

Uee. Wimwumit. Luxury houms and 
data avaMH e tor tang or shear lata. 
Ptaan ring for ament Hn. Coates. 69 
Bueungham Palace Rd. SW1. 01-828 

to— Bl.rnow. Cbantang nawtp naenrat- 
ad self contain rd l donMe badroomad 
OaL AS mod cons. Private paridns- 8 
nuns statina and Cmate. £98 pw. 
947 3130 OX 

9 HND3 Q R WQHIntata I bedroom staf- 
r«— *-«— * aa in dataaat ofotaM 
Wttdmr. ol i wHdu a A iwawinwr. 
AvtaHMr on A up ta a months Isaar. 
£360 pan. TO: 0783 682388 

■ay nais/houses. C h aban. Ktaohts- 
Bridpo. Briw a uln arena. £200 - £2000 
pw. Buys Estate AoeMB 881 6138 

orvmm .- 1 um bad. anomie tarn. w& 

shower, bit / dttang. Ige sunny recap, 
private park. Co let only. £160 pw. Tel 
CMS Lawrence 01-4683468 cal 331. 
FLAT 2/3 ba tauuiua . close Westmtnstar. 
nuy ftarnlstaed. Exctusm wa. ClOO pw 

BM a/c gara 
I Heath. CH. t 

tanad. £1601 

an- 01-937 4999. 462 8204 OL 
DQPOHTE execuuvr rooldenca. 26 mtaa 
cny. PUriey. Also nat/ Brtahte n sea- 
fronL Loan/rixat ML Tta: 0273 728349 
B BIEHMY W» Htu nacultae Imcury 3 bed 
Mb nr trite MB now. Co lei only. £300 
PW. Tta Ol 226 4138, 


TD: Office of tbs Pubac Tlrustaa. » Peter 
•tabertv Donuts Roberts. Steda Roberts. 
Maurice H. Roberts, and to But Office of 
the ductal riltsnium GroeHna. 

Whtsoas an appBc au o n bps boon made 
to IBM Counter Probata of an adogM wm 
at the abovenasnad Ptiytae camabeU. 
bearing dale on 260> day of FBbruary. 
1979 and whereas It Is daakuMe that the 
vandHy of the aBegedwai sbouw brdetcr- 
mtaM once and for aH after notice ta an 
conc ms sd ta the said eriate: 

Yau one thoreforr raanSM to enter an 
appearance lo the Other at the Wumcrw 
at this Court, at the Court Ho u se at BO 
Mata State! EBsL HanBMtL. Ontario, wtfli- 
ta so dm «f sNvfoo. 8 yoo dostra to take 
nart in mr mmiinliaiibsi of mm mnniiiiu 

ki the event ta mr (aatng to enier an 
appearance you wfp bavn no ftaUltr no- 
Uor of those pnacmdtaos. and die vatany 
ta Bn WM a gnomon win be O d a nto M 
in your tam and you wd ba bound 

The aoeom wm may be seen at (be Of - 
Oce of the Rtgrera r. 

23rd Se v te udxn 1986 




Noboe is hereby pun. pnrsapnl to 
section 98 ta the toaotwaicy Act 1988. 
ttast ta tet i ian i of the O W teti of tan 
I riWM a nwi Cwn pa rt s s wa be Prid at 
33/34 Chancery Lane. Iwidon WC2A 
IEW op Ihe 3QOi day ta Decrmbar 1986. 
m to do. 1030. mn n.ia un 
II 60 re phU l »Uy m the forenoon, for the 
WriMsis mentio n e d *> SecUoro too and 
lOl ta UN testavau cy Act 1966. IM. 

1. The n a m taa B o n ta a thpn da m c ta 
Cfocti c omp a ny. 

2. T he app o l nharm ta a Li uu d Ntan 
fi a nmBte ta each company. 

Pursuant id section 98(2n ta the Act 
Bate ta op names and addte w m ta the 
COmpantas- creation wm be nvnOaMe for 
inspection. (Tee ta charge, al 33/34 Chan- 
cery Lae. inn do n WC3A IEW on the 
two la isbinn days taOtag am before the 
day os wtUch the meettngs are to be held. 
Dated Oris I2tt day ta Prc embar 1986 
By Order ta the Boante 

m- 602 6644/9233. 

MATFJUR, WI Lost 8/C dal. 2 Btdnaa. 
Lps Racep. may EUtap. £200pw. AvaB 
POM. 01-493 7830 OL 
MMKW . Hyde Park tta mast hantaos 
lont/Nwit Mb l/tt bads, tarn prices 
OtaM aiNnwis a i i Ol 936 9612. 
Col T.V. 24 hr Bw. Trine. COBtagMan 
ASte tnaw ta- 01-373 6306. 


■ antea ACL 1988. 



etf Soane Souare. FuBy serviced A 
NUteed. TM: 01-373 6306 (TV 

WI QuMa 2-mmd atf c ont ai ne d Cat 

January 1 6 M a rch 16. £LCOpw. 936 

WAKIED Kaon ar ftat 3/4 bedroom. 
Co m p an y let. £300 pw. 01-361 6732 
Gpv tp C owper Estataa. 

IWPMtiM BUSH a bedroom OaL £460 
pan- 01-740 6680. 

WANTED Two praCesMonai fMnalea sack 
2 dbta bad Sal In captral London. Ptaass 
can Qtaa. Tot 43* OOSO a 233 

\j u,m ;ji 

Secuoo S86 ta UN CnmpwMe s Act 1986. 
Dial a MEETING or Bar cradt t ur a ta tha 
above nemed Comsany win be held at On 
LONDON W2 GLF oil Tuesday UM 23rd 
day ta December 1986 *t T 2.00 o'clock 
mkMay. tor the per p oa s a provided for ta 

Doted the 10th day ta December 1966 



Chalet Partis 


from £149 


01-765 3131 
Chalet Parties 



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ABTA 16723 
ATOL 1232 


Secret papers 
lost on train 
still missing 

By Peter Davenport, Defence Correspondent 

Secret documents outlining 
the current thinking of mili- 
tary experts on the defence of 
Central Europe m the event of 
a Soviet attack are still miss- 
ing six months after being 
stolen, the Ministry of De- 
fence confirmed yesterday. 

But officials would not be 
drawn on fears that the papers 
may have ended up in the 
hands of the Russians. It was 
hoped rather that they had 
been stolen by a thief who had 
not realised their sensitivity 
who then destroyed them. 

Hie documents were left 
behind on a train by a senior 
Army officer after be fell 
asleep. The incident happened 
in July but details have only 
just been disclosed following 
the court martial last week of 
the officer involved. Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Peter Faith. 

It is the second embarrass- 
ing incident involving, lost 
confidential documents this 
year. Earlier a Royal Navy 
captain lost papers on a 
towpath near Reading. 

Details of the theft involv- 
ing Colonel Faith emerged ax 
his court martial at Bulford 
Army camp in Wiltshire when 
he pleaded guilty to failing to 
take “reasonable care" of the 
documents, four marked “se- 
cret” and another “confiden- 

He was given a severe 
reprimand and the court mar- 
tial was told that he would 
have been promoted to full 
colonel by now but for the 
incident. The sentence is sub- 
ject to confirmation. 

The missing documents 

• Details of counter-offen- 
sive operations in the Central 
Region 1995-2010 dated June 
20, 1986 and classified secret. 

• A memo from the Chief 
of General Staff General Sir 

Dissident to speak out 

Continued from page 1 

It is understood that this 
remark referred to hopes in 
the Kremlin that Dr Sakha- 
rov, one of the inventors of 
the Soviet hydrogen bomb, 
can be persuaded to speak out 
in favour of some of the 
disarmament initiatives 
launched by Mr Gorbachov. 

Evidence of a change in the 
Kremlin's approach to 
dissenters also came with 
confirmation that two other 
well-known figures have had 
earlier decisions against them 
reversed in the wake of the 
decision to free Dr Sakharov. 

Today’s events 

Last chance to see 
David Lloyd Jones -Ceram- 
ics, Copernican Connection, 
Lock House, Beverley. East 


Family Carols by Chester 
Music Society Choir and Gty of 
Chester Brass Band, Chester 
Cathedral, 7.30. 

The Snowman, narrated by 
Johnny Morris, Bournemouth 
Sinfonietta, The Winter Gar- 
dens. Boarnemootk 7.30. 

Dr Naum Meiman. a mem- 
ber of the now defunct Hel- 
sinki human rights 
monitoring group, told west- 
ern newsmen that his wife, 
Ina. aged 53, who is suffering 
from a severe cancer in her 
neck has been given per- 
mission to travel abroad to 
seek medical help. 

The dissident released after 
serving some 12 years in 
prison and a labour camp was 
Mr Mustafa Dzemilyov, aged 
43, a leading campaigner for 
the Tartars who want to return 
to the Crimea. 

Kremlin moves, page 7 

Carol Service. Winchester 
Cathedral, Winchester. 6.30. 

Festival of Nine Lessons and 
Carols, Durham Cathedral. 
Durham. 7. 

Carol Concert, Bolton Choral 
Union, Victoria Hall, Bolton. 


Kelso Races, Roxburghshire. 
Santa Steam Specials, Mid- 
land Railway Centre. Butteriey 
Station, Ripley, Derbyshire, 
Mon to Wed. 10 to 5. 

A Secret, Strathclyde Theatre 
groupi. Drama Centre, 126 In- 
gram Street, Glasgow. 7. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,235 

Last hamp er for lonely men of Sk emes 

S, "a?" 

Nigel Bagnall, to Assistant 
Chief of General Staff cover- 
ing document D/R Army 
Plans 17/4/F dated June 2, 
1986 with comments by CGS 
and classified secret 

• Details of counter-offen- 
sive operations for the Central 
Region entitled “Sub-Con- 
cept” and classifed confiden- 

Last night the Ministry of 
Defence refused to discuss the 
details of the documents. 
However they were under- 
stood not to contain detailed 
military planning but to be 
“conceptual papers” outlining 
a range of possible options to 
counter any Soviet offensive 
in the key Central Region. 

The papers disappeared, the * 1 
court martial was told* on 
Friday July 11 as Colonel 
Faith, then a tank expert 
working on the staff of the 
Assistant Chief of Defence 
Staff at the MOD travelled by 
train from London to spend a 
weekend with his family in 
East Sussex. 

In the carriage Colonel 
Faith, who said in an alleged 
statement that he had a “tiring 
week”, fell asleep. When he 
woke suddenly he grabbed his 
own briefcase and coal and 
left the train at his station, 
forgetting a second case 
containing the secret docu- 

It was not until later that 
evening when an unidentified 
woman telephoned him at 
home to ask if the papers had 
any value or if there was any 
reward for their return that he 
realised what had happened. 

The briefcase was later 
found by a British Rail 
cleaner, with the papers miss- 
ing. There has been no further 
contact from the mystery 


1 Facial i 

is bound to be 

S CHd gravestones made from 
Egyptian slate ( 6 ). 

9 Time to change ends has ar- 
rived in knock out ( 8 ). 

10 Amount of latitude king re- 
posed in a subject ( 6 ). 

12 One's to appear before the 
French department (5). 

13 Wretched over losing head 
cover (4,2,3). 

14 Falsifies the marks? Non- 
sense ( 12 ). 

18 Even virtue is toned down 
here (4-8). 

21 South African mulled wine 
to knock back (9). 

23 “worthy Captain — , 
Commanding of The 
Mantelpiece (Gilbert) (5). 

24 Sounds of leave-taking - 
change is due ( 6 ). 

25 Exude through spike of 
flower ( 8 ). 

26 The address for professional 
writers in Scotland ( 6 ). 

27 Put off the English novel 

( 8 ). 


1 Taking poor view of one 
million coypu, qo end wild 
< 6 L 

2 Spear to secure meat for the 
pot ( 6 ). 

3 Subtle c haracter. Albert 

4 The Household- Cavalry 
could uot restore his pos- 
ition ( 6 , 6 ). 

6 Trunk came apart noisily in 
this way (5). 

7 Sort of colour bar useful for 
pale-feces? (3-5). 

8 The idea of the get-away 
cat? ( 8 ). 

11 Hasn't she done well, 
producing such splendid 

15 The last of Private Ortheris, 
perhaps, as a man of ideas 

16 He sagged badly, these 
brainy people found ( 8 ). 

17 Idling round the Square, be- 
ing ally (8). 

19 Innumerable people get 
called this ( 6 ). 

20 Look up to the rider ( 6 ). 

22 Picked utensil up, holding 
piece of music (5). 

The solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,234 
will appear 
next Saturday 

TheRAFfliesin with the last Christmas hamper to be delivered to the Skerries Bgh thoiise.'Klach is soon to be agtomated {Photograph: Graham Wood). 

Skerries lighthouse this I Wright family insists he told the truth 

When the three Trinity ^ ., . a i unusual step since it is onlv discover to their horror that plots and alleged skulduggerv. 

House keepers sit down to Lonnnueo nom page the Prime Minister of the day the crime -against Mr Short apparently raised by Mr 

their turkey, podding and a may have forged the docu- who requests the commission had been perpetrated by those Wright in his book, Sp^'cclch- 

celebratory tot of whisky, it men! to discredit hint. to inquire into any security working for the British stale? er. which the Government is 

will be the 272nd and the He said there should be a issue. “Was housebreaking or trying to ban. two Conserva- 

last Christmas to be proper inquiry into the matter But be appealed to them to breaking into offices involved live politicians have been 

celebrated on the rods nine and his demands have been convert the Commission mm and, if so. does such an named as those who are sus- 

miles north of Holyhead. supported by the Labour lead- a tribunal under the 1921 invasion of privacy- to put it peered of having knowledge 

The light, which serves er. Mr Neil Kinnock. Tribunals Acl in order to mildly, take place with min- about plots against the Wilson 

all shipping from Liverpool Downing Street yesterday examine the whole of MISTs isteriai authority?" government 

and Holyhead, will be poured cold water over the activities during the last pe- Mr DalyeH said the forgery The two, Mr Winston Chiir- 

avtomated in February and renewed calls for an inquiry, nod of the Wilson gov- had wrecked Mr Short, chill and the former MP Sir 
controlled remotely from Sources said that the Prime eminent and in particular the “k was hell for him, ii was a Stephen Hastings, “had ab- 

Holyhead. Minister had made it dear case of Lord Gienamara. wicked thing to do/* he said, sohiielv nothing to do with the 

The modernisation also . that she was not interested in Mr Dalyefl said he had Despite his intervention on plots”, according to Mr Chap- 

signals the end of a more setting up an inquiry into written to Lord Griffiths with Lord Glenamara's behalf, man Pincber, who yesterday 

recent tradition linking the allegations made by Mr the approval of Mr Kinnock. there seems little chance of the dismissed reports about them 

lighthouse with the search Wright about plots to under- Mr Dalyell said: “Can it Security Commission taking as “complete rubbish”. 
and rescue helicopter base mine the Wilson government, really be that the Deputy any action off its own tack . „ .. 

at RAF Valley, near In an attempt to bypass Mrs Prime Minister of our coon- One possible setback tor MOllUlSlD 

Holyhead. Thatcher, the Labour MP Mr try. a man hitherto of tm- Mrs Thatcher yesterday was ___ _ _ • j 

Group Captain Ian Tam Dalyell, a close friend of questioned integrity, was set the suggestion that the direc- TTlSLfl IS IlalllvU 

Dick, station commander. Lord Gienamara, has written up by a government agency tor-general of MIS, Sir Antony \ man who fell 500ft to his i 

presented the to the seven members of the with a view to the destruction Duff who was appointed by death while walking in 

Ughthousemen, Mr Ivor Security Commission, appeal- of his public life and the Mrs Yhatcher. is likely to Snowdonia, north Wales on 

Pritchard, Principal ing to them to set up a special consequent destabilizing of retire next year. He was Saturday was named yes- 

Keeper and his assistants Mr tribunal to investigate ana- our duly elected government? brought out of retirement to mdav as Mr Alan Seel, aged 

Dare Flintstone and Mr Wilson government plots. “And why did the Scotland head MIS because Mis 43 , 'of Sandtach Road, 

Barry Hawkins, with their to a long letter to Lord Yard commander and his Thatcher was anxious to have Aisager, near Stoke-on-Trent. 

Christmas hamper, given Griffiths, the chairman, and colleagues who had been ac- someone she knew well and Police were alerted by Mr 

to The Skerries for toe past the other members, Mr five in the case suddenly drop trusted in that sensitive posL seefs relatives after he railed 

24 years. Dalyell agreed that it was an it like hot bricks? Did they in yet another case of past to contact them. 

Christmas win be a 
festive farewell on The 
" Skerries lighthouse this 

When toe three Trinity 
House keepers sit down to 
their turkey, pudding and a 
celebratory lot of whisky, it 
will be toe 272nd and the 
last Christinas to be 
celebrated on the rode nine 
miles north of Holyhead. 

The light, which serves 
all shipping from Liverpool 
and Holyhead. will be 
automated Id February and 
controlled remotely from 

The modernisation also . 
signals the aid of a more 
recent tradition linking toe 
lighthouse with the search 
and rescue helicopter base 
at RAF Valley, near 

Group Captain Ian 
Dick, station commando:, 
presented toe 
lighthonsemen, Mr Ivor 
Pritchard, Principal 
Keeper and his assistants Mr 
Dave Flintstone and Mr 
Barry Hawkins, with their 
Christmas hamper, given 
to The Skerries for toe past 
24 years. 

Continued from page 1 

may have forged the docu- 
ment to discredit him. 

He said there should be a 
proper inquiry into the matter 
and his demands have been 
supported by the Labour lead- 
er. Mr Neil Kinnock. 

Downing Street yesterday 
poured cold water over the 
renewed cabs for an inquiry. 
Sources said that the Prime 
Minister had made it dear 
that she was not interested in 
setting up an inquiry into 
allegations made by Mr 
Wright about plots to under- 
mine the Wilson government. 

In an attempt to bypass Mrs 
Thatcher, the Labour MP Mr 
Tam Dalyell. a close friend of 
Lord Gienamara, has written 
to the seven members of the 
Security Commission, appeal- 
ing to them to set up a special 
tribunal to investigate anti- 
Wilson government plots. 

to a long letter to Lord 
Griffiths, the chairman, and 
the other members, Mr 
Dalyell agreed that it was an 

unusual step since it is only 
the Prime Minister of toe day 
who requests the commission 
to inquire into any security 

But he appealed to them to 
convert toe Commission inio 
a tribunal under the 1921 
Tribunals Acl in order to 
examine toe whole of MI^s 
activities during the last pe- 
riod of toe wDson gov- 
ernment and in particular the 
case of Lord Gienamara. 

Mr Dalyell said he had 
written to Lord Griffiths with 
toe approval of Mr Kinnock. 

Mr Dalyell said: “Can it 
really be that the Deputy 
Prime Minister of our coun- 
try. a man hitherto of un- 
questioned integrity, was set 
up by a government agency 
with a view to the destruction 
of his public life and toe 
consequent destabilizing of 
our duly elected government? 

“And why did the Scotland 
Yard commander and his 
colleagues who had been ac- 
tive in the case suddenly drop 
it like hot bricks? Did they 

discover 10 their horror that 
toe crime -against Mr Short 
bad been perpetrated by those 
working for toe British stale? 

“Was housebreaking or 
breaking into offices involved 
and, h so. does such an 
invasion of privacy. 10 put it 
mildly, take place with min- 
isterial amhority?” 

Mr Dalyell said the forgery 
case had wrecked Mr Short. 
“It was hell for him, ft was a 
wicked thing to do." he said. 

Despite his intervention on 
Lord Glenamara's behalf, 
there seems little chance of the 
Security Commission taking 
any action off its own tack 
One possible setback for 
Mis Thatcher yesterday was 
the suggestion that toe direc- 
tor-general of MIS, Sir Antony 
Duff, who was appointed by 
Mrs foatcher. is likely to 
retire next year. He was 
brought out of retirement to 
head MKS because Mis 
Thatcher was anxious to have 
someone she knew well and 
trusted in that sensitive posL 
to yet another case of past 

! Libyans 

I lose 400 

Vdjamcna *APJ - force* 
total 10 the Chad Goirrnrafcti 
have launched a coun.ier- 
ofTensive *ates 
backed fighters in toe north- 
err. Tibcsu region, killing 400 
Libvans. capturing 1 » asks, 
and' taking a bests&d 
Chad Radio said yesterday. 

Fighting continued around 
Wour and Zouar. in the west- 
ern area of Tibcsu. while a 
Bardai. in she centre, “the ene- 
my turned back in catastro- 
phe" after heavy Josses cf men ( 

and equipment. 

The counter-offensive is in 
response to 2 new Libyan bad 
and air attack on Saturdav 
moming in toe mountainous 
region, which has been 
occuped by Libya since 1983. 

Libvan soldiers and Chad 
rebels'lcd by Sheikh ibn Omar 
are pitted aeainsr forces loyal 
to Mr Goukouni Oueddei. the 
former rebel leader whose 
troops turned against Libya 
late m October and joined the 

Western _ intelligence 
sources continued that tta 
Libyans suffered a severe set- 
back iu an all-out attack 
Saturday on Goufcotmi's 
forces holding Bardai. 

Libya's Jana news agency 
said that Chad Government 
troops, aided by France and 
the United States, had crossed 
toe 16to parallel which divides 
toe Libyan-occupied north 
from toe government-con- 
trolled south to join Mr 
GoukounTs force* 

Mr Goukouni is under 
bouse arrest in Tripoli. 

• US supplies: A shipment of 
medical supplies, vehicles, 
transport planes and light 
arms left the US for Chad 
yesterday, the second big 
delivery of American supplies 
to leave in three weeks. 

• LONDON: Libva denied 
involvement in fighting in 
Chad but said ft would not • 
stand idle in the face of any f 
threats aimed at its security, 
the official Ubvan news 
agency Jana reported (Reuter 

-"Wour U3VA . 2 G-J- 
i £*tatoi |, - 



London events 

New exhibitions 
South Bank Picture Show - 
Winners Announced; Royal 
Festival Han Foyer. South 
Bank, EC2. Daily 10 to 10 (ends 
Feb 1). 

Last chance to see 
Exhibition of Israeli artist 
Steffa Reis; Gallery 10, 10 
Grosvenor Street, Wl. 


Concert by Orchestra and 
Choir of St John’s Smith 
Square. St John's Smith Square, 
SW1, 7.30. 

Holst Singers. St James's 
Church, Piccadilly, Wl, 7.30. 

The Snowman, Sinfonia of 
London; Barbican Had, Bar- 
bican Centre, Silk Street, EC2, 2. 

Organ Recital by Katie 
Varcoe; St MaTy Abbots 
Church. Kensington, W8, 1.05. 

Carol Service with Deardon 
Farrow, St Bride's Church, Fleet 
St, EC4. 12 

Festival of Nine Lessons and 
Carols, St Michael's, ComhilL 
EC3. 1. 

Carols by City Singers, St 
Mary Woolnoih, Lombard St, 
EC3, 1.10 

Carol Service, St Botolph 
without, Bisfaopsgaie. EC 2 , 1.10 
Carols by Candlelight with 
the Lothbury Singers and Rich- 
ard Townsend. St Margaret, 
Lothbury, EC2. 7. 

Opera Prime, Royal Festival 
Half foyer. South Bank, EC2, 


Ester hazy Wind Trio, Royal 
Festival Hall foyer. South Bank, 
EC2, 5.15. 

Amahl and the Night Visitors, 
opera by Menotti, Si Martin- in- 
tbe-Fields, 5 St Martin’s Place, 



The Story of the EartffThe 
Geological Museum, Exhibition 
Road, South Kensington, SW7, 



London and South-east A23: 
Cable laying between Lombard . 

roundabout and Thornton Hea- ! 
th Road. A30: Single line, j 
easfoound, west of junction with ; 
Short Lane, near Staines. A325c ! 
Single line, delays between 
Bayfield Avenue and Brack- 
en dale Close, Frimley. 

The Midlands: AJ: Lane clo- 
sures west of St Neots at Eaton j 
Soccra. A4I: Single line, delays 
between Birmingham and War- 
wick, north of Hatton. 

Hie North: A19: Lane restric- 
tions, delays at Sunderland 

Wales and toe West: A30: 
Two sets of roadworks between 
Bodmin and Bolventor - contr- 
aflow and lights. A5& Single tine 
between Uanfairfectaan and 

Scotland: A82: Single line 
south of Invergany. A701: One 
lane each way, north of Stratton, 

Motorways page 5. 

Information supplied by toe 

! Nature Notes 

In the short days, birds start 
eating early, and the winter sky 
at dawn is full ofbinds returning 
from their roosts to their feeding 

Starlings leave the firwoods 
and city buildings, where they 
have spent toe night, in 
successive waves; these break up 
into small flocks over a wide 
area. After feeding, they whistle 
and sing in a desultory way in 
the tree tops. 

Gulls returning from roost are 
also a spectacular sight in the 
half-light before sun rise. They 
sweep into the fields in huge 
parties and rapidly begin search- 
ing for the best supply of worms 
and insects. Inland, they roost 
mainly on reservoirs. The blade- 
headed gull is the most abun- 
dant species in the south, and 
toe common gull in the north. 
The lesser black-backed guff 
which was once only a summer 
visitor is now quite common in 
winter in the urbanised central 
pans of England, where there 
are many man-made stretches of 

On most trees, seeds are all 
that are left to break the line of 
the bare branches. djm 

Bond winners 

Winning numbers in the 
weekly .draw for Premium Bond 
prizes are:' £100,000: 17XP 
353622 (the winner lives in 
Blackpool; £50.000: 13RS 
535348 (Gwynedd); £2S,000 
2 EB 210117 (Kent). 


Births: John Crome, land- 
scape painter, 1768; Jeau Henri 
Fane, naturalist, 1823; Giac- 
omo Puccini, composer, 1858; 
Edgar Vartse, composer, 1883. 

Deaths: George EHoc, nov- 
elist, 1880; Beatrix Plotter, 
children's writer, Harry Lang- 
dou, silent film comedian, 1944. 

The pound 

f WEATHER ) Brisk northerly winds will cover the country. It will be a 

/ coId day everywhere. Early on it will be frosty and there 

wiH be Icy roads and in eastern areas snow showers. Central southern and sooth 
west E ng land , South Wales, Northern Ireland and north west Scotland will be dry 
and fairly sunny. London, the Midlands, NW England, N Wales, the Isle of Man 
and SW Scotland wOI have a lot ofdry quite sunny weather but there may be a sleet 
or snow shower here and there. The Channnel Islands too will have some sunshine 
but a few rain showers. E England from Kent northwards, E Scotland and the 
Northern Isles will have some sunshine but there will sleet or snow showers with a 
covering in places especially on hills. Outlook for tomorrow and Wednesday: Stay- 
ing cold. Many places dry and bright bat more snow showers in E districts. 



London Bridge 

Abe r de en 

Awn ro oul h 






Yugoslavia Dnr 

Ratoa tor amefi danomtnatton bank notes 
ortv as suppfied by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers’ 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Hetai Price tndec39L7 

London; The FT Index dosed qp 15 at 
1272.1 on Friday. 

Now Ydrte The Dow Jones industrial 
average dosed op iwn at WUS on 

a *** 1 


Mfoid Haven 





flBr 7 t 7 a 

P - . ■ ^ 


S? * 



Sun Ram Max 

mm c f 

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Our address 

l yesterday ) 

S3nj5S.3n ; '?S. ,, ^ B1C6 

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g**pool S 643 Jersey c 745 

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Last quarter December 24 


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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

(Change on weal?) 

FT 30 Share 

1272.1 (-8.3) 

FT-SE 100 

1632.2 (+2.4) 

31646 (30340) 

USM (Datastream) 
128.86 (-0.58) 

{Change on week) 

US Dollar 
1.4325 (+0.0040) 

W German mark 
2.8729 (-0.0084) 

68.6 (- 0 . 1 ) 

DTI stays 
on insider 

By Colin Narborough 
The Department of Trade 
and Industry continued to 
stonewall yesterday about the 
progress and origins of the 
unprecedented investigation 
now underway into alleged 1 
leaks of market-moving 
information by some civil 

This is despite a growing 
belief that the investigations 
will be completed soon as the 
Government has a good idea 
who the culprit or culprits are. 

A DTI spokesman declined 
to comment on weekend 
speculation that leaks of 
highly confidential informa- 
tion on merger bids could be 
traced to a single source 
within the DTL 

Lowest settlements for a decade 

Wage rises 
fall to 4.6% 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

Wage rises for manufbc- director general, said; “While this trend to continue. Infla- 
nng industry have fallen to average earnings are continu- lion remains, and will remain, 
> percent — the lowest fora ing to run at rather higher at low levels, and improving 
cade - the Confederation of levels, reflecting in pan the our cost competitiveness is the 
nish Industry stud today. pick-up in the economy, these surest route to more secure 
These latest results from the much lower figures for basic employment” 

)I s data bank on pay give pay settlements do suggest 

me Christmas cheer lor the that at last we may be moving The latest survey covers 80 
jvernment and indicate that in the right direction. pay settlements across dif- 

luring industry have fallen to 
4.6 per cent — the lowest fora 
decade — the Confederation of 
British Industry said today. 

These latest results from the 
CBI's data bank on pay give 
some Christmas cheer for the 
Government and indicate that 
the employers' leaders cam* 
paign against high pay settle- 
ments may be succeeding. 

The CBI said the 4.6 per 
cent average for the fourth 
quarter or this year marked a 
continuation of the pro- 
nounced downward move- 
ment in settlements that began 
in the third quarter, when the 
average was 5.6 per cent. It 
compares with 6. 1 per cent for 
the first two quarters of the 

The CBI has maintained 
that improvements to 
Britain's poor international 
labour-cost competitiveness is 
the one way to win more 
export business and help to 
reduce unemployment 

Sir Terence Beckett, the CBI 

at at last we may be moving The latest survey covers 80 
the right direction. pay settlements across dif- 

“There is every reason for ferent industries and regions 

and shows wide variation. The 

UjL _.__r_ i- _j V 4 -5 10 5 - s per cent band 

“““"■V. accounted for 36.6 per cent of 
aay settlements wage rises since August 1. A 
-pv iwcMWavamaw s^m further 21.6 per cent were in 
s the 5.5 to 6.5 per cent range. 

, | But at the tower end, 17.3 per 

■ jrq. : J cent were between 3.5 and 4.5 

*1 7 1 *— .’i per cent and almost 10 per 

tT . “ <1 cent of settlements were for 

ftwiobnaiS 0 less than 2.5 percent 

/ Manufacturing ) 
‘pay settlements 

— r-v 1W2-M ranmwt 

Provisional S| 

.. , .&■& 

© ® 

••• ... ©.©. • 

1982 1983 1984 1885 1988 

Today's level is a far cry 
from the 16 per cent pay rises 
negotiated in the -first half of 
1980 and almost half oftbe 
rates won in early 1981.- For 
the past two-and-a-half years, 
to this summer, wage rises 
stood stubbornly at the 6-7 per 
cent mark. 

Two more bright spots for the Government 

Clayton Yeutten sees time running against the Reagan initiative for US leadership 

Yeutter hint of new US 
economics package 

Firmer oil prices 
expected today 

By Teresa Poole, Business Correspondent 
Oil prices are likely to be the broker, said: “We will see 

firmer today despite Iraq's 


rJ~Z ?o, C r an T 0n A refusal to abide by the prodne- 

retary of State for Trade and u on cutbacks agreed by min- 

^ d ‘S ry ’ .l a ?°? nC Z d * last istere ^ ** Organization of 
Thursday that he had ap- Petroleum . Exporting 
pointed two outside mvesti- Countries, 
gators to look into insider Twelve of the 13 Opec states 

have accepted a 7^5 per cent 
officials of the DTI, the reduction in overall produo 
Monopolies and Mergers a 0 n to 15.8 million barrels a 

c2?5!3S! 0ffice of day in the firet half of 1987, 

11 prices ‘Rosier’ 

i today outlook 

oess Correspondent lOF tT3.dC 

the broker, said: “We will see 
$18 early next week.” By Our Economics 

The fixed price system will Correspondent 

Britain’s balance of nay- 

ments «i8= nammly Slo 
Stop olrenng attractive Hpfirit iwrt vnr anviniino to 

netback deals 

deficit next year, according to 
Wood Mackenzie, the Stock- 

Fair Trading (OFT). 

This was after insider deal- 
ing revelations in (he City and 
on Wall Street and has been 
widely seen as a sign of the 
Government's determination 
to stamp it out. 

The investigators are bound 
by statutory duty not to 
disclose details of their in- 
vestigations, believed to focus 
on certain sections of the DTI 
and OFT. 

A DTI spokesman said that 
he had no information to 
suggest that anyone had been 
suspended or dismissed in 
conjunction with the in- 
vestigation. “If we are in- 
vestigating people in the DTI, 
we would have to look at all ! 
the evidence.” he said, 
suggesting that suspect civil 
servants could still be at work. 

“Basically, we can say noth- 
ing about the investigation,” 
he said, sticking to the line 
Whitehall has taken since the 
embarrassing investigation 
was announced as Parliament 
broke up for Christmas 

and they have agreed to return 
to a fixed price system based 
on $18 a barrel. 

Analysis 19 

Mr Mebdi VarzL, Opec ^ . 
watcher at Kleinwort 
Grieveson, the broker, said SF 
yesterday: “We are going into * 

a very quiet season so a very _j 

few deals can have a dramatic 
effect.” He anticipated that 
the North Sea Brent blend 

would stabilize at $1 7 a barrel 

and West Texas Intermediate 
He added: “The real test 

will be in the first 10 or 15 

days in the new year. That is Algeria 
when the market may be quite Ecuador 
volatile.” g£" 

Oil prices have strength- iJjf" 8 ®® 
ened over the past two weeks Iraq 
in anticipation of an Opec Kuwait 
accord, with one cargo of |J&ya 
Brent for delivery in February 
traded at $16.90 on Friday. Saudi Arabia 

Mr Humphrey Harrison, oil UAE 
analyst at -County Securities, Vanftzuate 

The price of $18 a barrel is broker. But the deficit will be 
for a basket of Opec crudes, eliminated in 1988. 
and it would mean a nse to Wood Mackenzie's forecast, 
more than $19 a barrel for contained in UK Economic 
North Sea blends which are Outlook 1987 and 1988, is 
equivalent to the lighter, more much rosier than most of its 
expensive Opec crud es. rivals. The current account 

The Iraqi oO minister, Mr deficit is restricted to £500 
Qassem Ahmed Tam, con- million next year, below the 
finned yesterday that the pact Treasury forecast of £1.5 bil- 
was not binding on his |i 00j before returning to a 
country. £100 million surplus in 1988. 

Under the accord, no mem- This is based on strong net 
ber is bound by its provisions invisible earnings, predicted 
if any other state exceeds its to rise to £10.3 billion next 
quota. year and £1 1.6 billion in 1988. 

(Thousands of barrata par day) 

NOW % 
of output 

New quota 

Dec quota 
















. 999 




• 300 







Britain in final EEC fight to 
society merger save struggling shipbuilders 

Two more of the professional 
engineering institutions are to 
merge after approval by a big 
majority of members of the 
Royal Aeronautical Society 

The fate of struggling state- 
owned British Shipbuilders 
rests largely on a final attempt 

— . zZ'Er.V'L 

and Lhe smaller Society of being made by the British 
Licensed Aircraft Engineers Govern mem in Brussels today 

and Technologists. 

The Royal Aeronautical 

to win large increases in public 
subsidies for European 

Society, formed in 1866. is the shipyards. 

oldest aerospace body of its It will mark the last chance 

s-jr* ’ 

kind in the world, going back 
to the earliest developments in 
aircraft and ballooning. 

The merger, expected to 
become effective next spring, 
will give the new body a 

for the European industry 
ministers to reach agreement 
on a new regime for shipbuild- 
ing subsidies before the exist- 
ing EEC directive on the 
industry expires at- the end of 

membership of 20,000. The the month. 

names of the two societies will Britain, with some support 

be amalgamated- ^ 

It is the second projected |'oll 

merger within seven days of V,CUJ 

leading professional engineer- 
ing bodies. The others were « « ■■ # 

the Institution of Electrical Bj \ 

Enginecre and the smaller ■'villi 111 

Institution of Electronic and 
Radio Engineers. 

By Our Industrial Staff 

from the Italians, has been 
lobbying hard for an accep- 
tance of the principle that 
about a third of the cost of 
making ships should be 
covered by state aid in an 
attempt to compete with the 
intense and, arguably, unfair 
cut-price competition from 
South Korea and Japan. 

Shipbuilding companies 
throughout the EEC say that 
they need support until the 
next expected upturn in orders 
in the 1990s. 

After detailed studies by 
independent consultants, the 

EEC has accepted that there 
should be an aid ceiling of 26 
per cent of the cost of produc- 
ing ships. 

Britain wants the level of 
subsidy to be well over 30 per 

The proposed directive, fa- 
voured by Britain except for 
the subsidy ceiling, would 
ensure that all aid would have 
to be included and disclosed. 

Today's negotiations are 
seen as crucial to the future of 
BS, now shorn of its warship 

From Bailey Morris, 

President Reagan is prepar- 
ing comprehensive new leg- 
islation to restore US 
leadership in the international 
economic arena. 

Details of the programme 
were finalized at a White 
House meeting last week but 
the initiative will not be 
announced until the 
President's State of the Union 
message next month, accord- 
ing to Mr Clayton Yeutter, the 
US trade representative. 

He said in an interview with 
The Times that Mr Reagan 
and his advisers see their 
political difficulties and rap- 
idly diminishing time in office 
as Nocks to the President's 
goal of leaving the world “a 
lasting economic legacy.” 

Mr Yeutter said that a trade 
war with Europe looms as a 
strong possibility with a 
December 31 being the de- 
cisive date. 

He disclosed also that the 
United States and the Soviet 
Union continued to bold talks 
last week on economic rela- 
tions but that Soviet member- 
ship of international 
institutions such as the Gen- 
eral Agreement on Tariffs and 
Trade (GATT) remains far 

The new programme and 
subsequent legislation will fo- 
cus on trade, but with a broad 
emphasis encompassing Inter- 
nationa] competitiveness at a 
time when global growth is 
deemed insufficient 
“We regard this as a major 
initiative by . the Reagan 
administration during the 
President's final two years in 
office.” Mr Yeutter said. 

Without disclosing details, 
he said the programme is the 
result of six months’ woric by 
the President’s economic pol- 
icy council, led by Mr James 
Baker, the Treasury Secretary. 

The programme, based on 
reports which have already 
been leaked, will encompass 
the areas of anti-trust, re- 
search and development, 
education, possible industrial 
incentives and pants, agri- 
culture, corporate manage- 
ment and other trade-related 

Mr Yeutter also said that 
continued US movement on 
the exchange rate front, 
including a possible agree- 
ment with West Germany 
after the January elections, 
should not be ruled oul 
Meanwhile, he said the US 
and Europe are moving dan- 
gerously dose to the Decem- 
ber 31 deadline to resolve 
their dispute over the effects 

trade if the two sides foil to Ani 

No rush, says Sine a8rcemenl by ““ gj; 

flatt offer u Mr Yeutler indicated that genera 

VJUlll fill ICI there would be no extension of effects 

8 -WApIt to lire *J e « requested by enues. 

“vCJa Id JK a the EEC but other officials 

From Alan McGregor said die administration will 

Geneva heed Europe's request 

The new Uruguay round of Jhe US w not inierwted in 
trade negotiations, the eighth a . dlv » v 5 mih Eur °Pe 
and mo* ambitions fathe ;* 1 i s “TO *? "W*? 

General Agreement on Tariffs .from the Iran scandal. For this 

and TndtfTSsiory, has not I , thmk 7?“.^ see 

hada propitious start. addiuonaJ negotiations in 

Debates from 30 main a high-level official 

was jg-a 

Este conference in September, 

so that negotiations proper ^cutter pod Mr 

coaid start early next year. labour 

Instead, the trade negotiat- , “7 . „ 
ing committee will meet again At a White House lunch, the 

on January 28, after two weeks cabinet officers agreed it 

of Anther discussions, in the imperative in the second 
hope of agreeingon a precise 10 on two issues — 
programme. tccotcJ US budget deficit 

“This is, after all, a four- 311(1 competitiveness as mea- 
year negotiation and it would sured by faltering US trade 
be wrong to rush rt»tng<c now huge global imbala n ce s , 
and perhaps get them wrong” In the disoissions with the 
said a Gatt spokesman Mr Soviet Union last week, 

David Woods. Russion officials explored the 

Considerable progress has idea with the Administration 
been achieved on tirade bar- of becoming members of 
riers and several coantries GATT, 
were partohrly disappointed But Mr Yeutter said that the 

at the interruption in the reforms the Soviet Union 
negotiations, feeling that must take to qualify for GATT 
agreement was within reach, membership are so extensive 
be added. that it will take years. 

joins in 
talk of 
tax cuts 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 
The Chancellor's attempt to 
play down expectations of tax 
cuts has failed to convince the 
forecasters. There is virtual 
unanimity among City and 
other forecasters that there 
will bea cut in the basic rate of 
income tax of 2p or more in 
the Budget. 

Even the Organization for 
Economic Co-operation and 
Development in Paris, which 
is normally highly cautious in 
its economic policy predic- 
tions, assumed income tax 
cuts for Britain in its Decem- 
ber Economic Outlook. 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor, said in the Com- 
mons last Thursday : “I doubt 
if there will be much scope for 
reductions in taxation in next 
year's Budget.” 

This remark, which few 
people have interpreted lit- 
erally. was accompanied by 
the comment: “A pound used 
in additional expenditure is a 
pound which is not available 
for reductions of taxation 
unless borrowing increases. 
And I have categorically ruled 
out higher borrowing." 

However, the Treasury's 
own work suggests Mr 
Lawson’s comment is 

An increase in public spend- 
ing raises the level of eco- 
nomic activity and incomes. It 
generates powerful feedback 
effects on Exchequer rev- 

on trade of the accessions of 
Spain and Portugal into the 
European Economic 

There is no solution in sight 
at , according to Mr Yeutter, 
who said it is up to Europe to 
make the next move. 

The US will- begin drawing 
up retaliatory measures, 
affecting as much as $400 
mill ion (£283.7 million) in 

additional negotiations in 
January,” a high-level official 

Separately, Administration 
sources said that the idea 
behind Mr Reagan’s new ini- 
tiative grew out of a meeting 
between Mr Yeutter and Mr 
William Brock, the US Labour 

At a White House lunch, the 
two cabinet officers agreed it 
was imperative in the second 
term to focus on two issues — 
the record US budget deficit 
and competitiveness as mea- 
sured by faltering US trade 
and huge global imbalances. 

In the discussions with the 
Soviet Union last week, 
Russion officials explored the 
idea with the Administration 
of becoming members of 

But Mr Yeutter said that the 
reforms the Soviet Union 
must take to qualify for GATT 
membership are so extensive 
that it will take years. 

He declined to comment on 
a parallel effort by the Soviet 
Union to achieve membership 
in lhe World Bank and the 
International Monetary Fund. 

A Soviet delegation held 
high-level discussions with US 
Treasury officials on this pro- 
posal but the Reagan admin- 
istration, fearing a backlash 
from the conservative politi- 
cal community, has not taken 
a public position. 

Nigel Lawson: likes to leave 
some surprises 

Simulations in Government 
Economic Service Working 
Paper No. 90 suggest that a £2 
billion increase in public 
spending boosts the public 
sector borrowing requirement 
by only £1.1 billion in the first 

In other words, nearly 5 Op 
of every pound in additional 
expenditure can be used again. 

The story does not end here. 
A cut in income lax also 
generates feedback effects, 
most directly through higher 
indirect tax receipts. 

It was significant that Mr 
Lawson chose not to damp 
down expectations when these 
were referring to the possibil- 
ity of a tax cut of Ip or 
possibly 2p in the pound. But 
when City economists began 
to talk of a cut of 3p or more, 
the Chancellor reacted. Chan- 
cellors, and Mr Lawson is no 
exception, like to leave some 
surprises for their Budgets. 

'This announcement appears as a matter of record only. 

Call to scrap Companies Act formalities 

End ritual meetings, says IoD 

News Securities B.V. 

US$1 00.000,000 

Syndicated Revolving Loan Facility 


The News Corporation Limited ■ 
and its major subsidiary companies 

Lead Maraud by 

Westpac Banking Corporation 

Gilt-Edged 18 Money Mikes 19 

Co News 18 Comment 19 

USM Renew 18 USNotebook 19 

Analysis 19 USM Prices 19 

Share Prices 28 


TODAY - Interims: Amal- 
gamated Financial Invest- 
ments. Batleys, Dominion 
International, G M Firth 
Holdings, Porter Chadburn. 
Radiant MetaL Finals: Nash 

TOMORROW - Interims: 
Anchor International Fund, 
Bermuda International Bond 
Fund f2nd quarter), Beris- 
fords Group. Forminster, A 
Monk, Proniaprint Holdings, 
Sterling Industries. Finals: 
none announced 
WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
none announced. Finals: none 

The charade of meaningless meetings 
for private companies could end if many 
formalities and . requirements under the 
Companies Act were scrapped, the 
Institute of Directors said yesterday. 

At the same time, it said, protective 
measures could be built in to the Act. 

The idea is to replace meetings with a 
written document, signed by 

The IoD said: “Hundreds of thou- 
sands of small companies are at present 
required to go through solemn rituals of 
annual meetings and special meetings to 
pass special and extraordinary resolu- 
tions when a simple signature could 
suffice with no risk to creditors.” 

The main benefit, it said, would be felt 
by small companies, often run by 
married couples. 

Ninety nine per cent of small com- 
panies in England and Wales fall into the 
category of small private companies, 
although the 0.5 per cent with public' 
limited company status account for 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

about two-thirds of the gross national 
product, the Institute said. Its proposals 
have gone to Mr Michael Howard, 
minister for company affairs, for pos- 
sible incorporation in lhe Companies 
Bilk which is likely to figure in the next 
session of Parliament. 

The Institute's proposals were devel- 
oped by a working party which included 
leading figures who are members of the 
Law Society, the Institute of Chartered 
Accountants (1CA) _ of England and 
Wales and the Institute of Chartered 
Secretaries and Administrators (1CSA). 

An adviser to the group was Dr Len 
Sealy. of Caius College, Cambridge, who 
is a specialist in company lawAmOng 
those on the working party was Mr Peter 
Holland, chairman of the-l^w Society’s 
common law committee. * 

The proposals would also apply to 
wholly-owned subsidiaries of a larger 

The main safeguard is that opting out 
of meetings would need to be agreed by 

all shareholders. Otherwise normal 
procedures, which would continue to 
apply to public companies, would have 
to be followed. 

A single shareholder should also have 
powers to revoke an action, it is 
suggestedJProtection for creditors under 
the Companies Act would be retained, j 

The need for a unanimous resolution 
would impose a practical limit on the 
size of private company to which in 
practice the' proposal would apply, the 
loD suggests. 

The IoD would also like to see the 
Government given the power to bring in 
other de regulatory measures with the 
emphasis on unanimous consent of 

The IoD said: “It would allow 
company law to be pruned and trimmed 
from time to time simply and without 
fuss. There are .at least a dozen 
Companies Act requirements which 
could easily be dropped for small private 


The Bank of Nova Scotia Group 
Saitama Austria Finance United 
Tokai AustraBa finance Corporation Limited 


IBJ Ass Limited 

The Royal Bank of Scotland pic 


Wescpac Finance Asa Limed 
Canadian Impenai Bank of Gomnerce [Asia] Limicad 
Soaete Generate Auscrsfa Umtad 
WesuteuiEdie Landesbank GrozEntrstei 

BJ Austria Bank United - 

The Royd Bank of Scotland pic. Hmg Kor^ Birch 

CISC Australia Limited 

Sodete Generate Australia Urmted 

Westdeutsche Landes bank Girazentrale 

Mitsubishi Trust Australia Limited 
Kahsafe Beriung Group 

The Bank Nova Scow Asa Limited 
Saitama Auetrafca Finan ce Lrrwted 
Taka Austraka Finance Corporation Lmted 

fWtsinsfu Tost Austreia Lmepd 
Karaite huemaamal Bank [As&Paafc] Ltd 

Westpac Banking Corporation 

December. 1986 

- „ ■--w;.. . - , 




Unit Group makes running 
for Third Market honours 

off to 
good start 


Balance of payments 

The ncw-issue pipelines 
have been fidl this Christmas 
even though new placing rules 
— which lave tipped the 
balance in favour of fall 
listings - have meant that a 
higher proportion of facings 
than fast year have gone 
straight to a, fall listing. 

The New Year will see the 
launch of the Third Market 
where there are expected to be 

25 new issues in the early 

Investor safeguards for the 
Third Market will be less 
rigorous than those for the 
USM and the issue costs win 
therefore, be cheaper. The 
Third Market can expea to 
attract companies which are 
too small for the USM or 
whose track record is more 

ahead of the game — no doubt 
wanting to win the distinction 
of being die first in the new 

It has offered 1-25 millian 
shares for subscription 
through Guidehouse Securi- 
ties. Gmdehouse has made its 
name already with a number 
of OTC and BES schemes. 

The Unit Group malms 
wooden pallets and drums. 
The proceeds of the issue are 
to be used in the development 
of the business -most of it to 
reduce borrowings. 

In the last financial year the 

company made operating 
profits of £593,000. but in- 
terest payable cost the com- 
pany £402,000. This left 

Unit G 

pretax profits of only 
£I9L,QQ0. Evidently the new 

teat Group is running 

9L.0Q0. Evidently the new 
uity will have a beneficial 
feet on this interest charge. 

The company is being 
launched on a p/e of 1 LS, on a 
national tax charge. However, 
one difference between the 
Third Market and the USM is 
that private client Investors 
can qualify for tax relief on 
their investment if they hold it 
for five years. 

If the Third Market be- 
comes one supported by pri- 
vate clients the priee/eanungs 
ratios, on which companies 
are floated, may rise to reflea 
this fiscal benefit 

The add question on this 
market will be marketability. 

In the case of the Unit 
Group, Guidehouse will be 

making a market and finding a 
second market-maker so that 
the stock can qualify for 

pmma stsrmR , 

The level of investor in- 
terest, however, is the 

detemuning factor in liquidity 
and, ultimately, this wiD de- 

pend on the quality of the new 
issues and the capital gains 

issues and the capital gains 

In the meantime, although 
the new market will be used by 
many of the former OTC 
bouses, it remains to be seen 
whether USM brokers will 
choose this means of flotation 
for their sponsored issues. 

At the moment stock- 
brokers are reluctant but it is 
worth bearing in mind that die 
USM started quietly and, 
initially, was not treated with 
any great enthusiasm by the 
broking fraternity. 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of 
the small companies unit 
at jPhillips & Drew 


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Ran David Watts 

The Tokyo offshore market 
has made a better start than 

After predictions of up to 
only $25 bflHoik (£17.7) for 
initial trading, the first day’s 
total ran out at $55 billion 
when the market was 
launched on December I. 

Calculations by the Bank of 
Tokyo, the most active' bank 
in the market, show that S380 
billion in foreign currencies 
and yen 68S billion (£2.95 
billion) were traded in the first 
10 days. 

"The baby was not still-born 
bid whether it wiD grow to the 

size we hope is still too early to 

The Japanese authorities 
have approached the market 
with extreme caution and its 
freedom is limited compared 
with similar operations in 
Europe and the rest of Asia. 

It is hampered by local 
taxes, the inability to trade 
sccuritiei nd what the Bank 
of Tokyo calls “excessively 
rigid” rules. 

It is a doflar-core market 
with only modest trading in 
marks and Swiss francs. It is 
still miniscule by the stan- 
dards of London, $700 billion,- 
and New York, $260 billion, ; 
and still small compared to its 
Asian competitors, Singapore 
and Hong Kong, but bankers 
believe it will not be tong 
before the finance ministry 
moves to relax the regulations. 

L ast week’s PSBR figures 
support the view that 
fiscal policy is under 
control The result for the 
PSBR in 1986-37 could be 
only. £5.5 billion compared 
with the official forecast of £7 
billion. . 

erated by rising production 
from the North Sea. 

litis would require almost 
no funding in the form of net 
sales of gdfredged stock be- 
fore next Ainu The high 
level of redemptions over the 
. next few months means that 
gross sales would have still to 
average some £36 mfltion.a 

In spite of the good PSBR 
news, the gilt-edged market, 
was largely unmoved. 

In the first half of the 
1980s, the current account 
was in a large surplus. It was 
averaging £3.5 billion a year 
- a total of £21 billion for tbe 
past six years. 

The abolition of exchange 
controls permitted a large 
capital outflow. . Portfolio 
investment overseas by Brit- 
ish residents rose sharply, 
averaging £4 billion a year. 

Initially there was the ex- 

folio inflows. The latter are 
likely to bemore volatile than 
the former because portfolio 
inflow would depend on 
whether sterling investments 
were fashionable, "-or 

pected stock adjustment ef- 
fect, with investors taking 
advantage of the freedom and 
investing heavily overseas. 
But the -outflow has contin- 
ued and has been at record 
levels in the past two years. 

This means that Britain 
wiB need high interest rates 
and bond yields when con- 
fidence is low and, asit 
returns, huge portfolio in- 
flows to swamp markets and 
allow interest rates to fall 1 

There are two reasons for 
tins. Firstly, there are wide 
margins of error inherent in 
any PSBR forecast Secondly, 
because the low PSBR this 

year is due largely to buoyant 

tax receipts, it could permit 
tbe Treasury to present in 
March, an optimistic PSBR 
for 1987-88 and leave room 
for tax reductions in the 

Large tax reductions, fi- 
nanced by bouyant revenues 
owing to unsustainable 
growth in domestic demand, 
are’ likely to apply more 
pressure on the trade account 
and sterling. But the fax cuts 
could assist the Government 
in its attempts for re-election. 

A t present confidence is 
low. It has been un- 
settled by speculation 
about a general election. The. 
position is improving be- 
cause the Government is 
edging ahead in most opinion 
polls. But foe lead is small 
and there is concern over 
what a rise in banks' base 
rates and mortgage rates 
would do to. the 
Government’s popularity. 

The oil price also has 
damaged confidence. Al- 
though oil prices are near the 
top of their recen t trading 
range; the latest Opec meet- 
ing has not proved that Opec 
can maintain a sufficiently 

The anBMtncetnent on Friday 
of the first, index-linked gilt- 
edged stock free of tax to 
residents abroad highlights 
the importune of this article; 
it is a. dear sign that the 
authorities realize tbe need to- 
attract a capital inflow 

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Touche buys 

Touche Ross Management 
Consultants haveacqmred the 
Specialist distribution consul- 
tants Planned Warehousing. 

The company, which is 
based in Guildford, Surrey, is 
I one of Britain’s largest special- 
ist consultancies m the dis- 
tribution field. 


got away. 

XTJLis not affected only 
by minor variations in the 
fiscal stance, funding or tbe 
monetary aggregates. 

This year there has been a 
big rise m short-term interest 
rates and bond yields. British 
bond yields in 1984 averaged 
less than 1 per cent above 
those, in the other eight 
markets while three-month 
interest rates were, on av- 
erage, below those elsewhere. 

In contrast, 10-year gilt- 
edged stocks now yield more 
than 4 .5 per cent above the 
average in other markets, 
while three-month interest 
rates are 5.25 per cent higher. 
There is a good reason for 

In the second half of the 
1970s, before the current 
account of the balance of 
payments really benefited 
mom North Sea op, it was in 
deficit by an average of £1 
billion a year, equivalent to 
£2 billion in today’s terms. 

Exchange controls were 
abolished inOctober, 1979 to 
increase die outflow on long- 
term capital account and 
temper the effect of the 
exchange rate on the expected 
current account surplus gen- 

There was a solid case for 
haying a capital outflow 
when Britain bad a large oil- 
based, current account sur- 
plus. But now that the fall in 
oil prices has halved the 
visible trade ofl surplus, the 
current account is moving 
into- deficit and a long-term 
capital account outflow is no 
longer appropriate. 

Unless the authorities in- 
tervene to support sterling in 
the foreign exchange -markets, 
which could not persist for 
long, either the current ac- 
count deficit must improve 
or a capital inflow must be 

large cut in its output to push 
prices to $20 a barrel once 

prices to $20 a barrel once 
seasonal demand peaks in the 
New Year. • 

There is a definite possibil- 
ity that, given the height of , 
British interest rates, relative 
to those abroad, confidence 
may revive: If there is. a 
period of stability, the attrac- 
tion of British yields is likely 
to have an increasing in- 
fluence on the decisions of 
international investors. 

Sterling has fallen by about 
15 per cent over the past year 
and by twice as much against 
currencies such as the mark. 
The Chancellor believes this 
wfll be sufficient to bring the 

current account into balance, 
after a dip into deficit next 
year. ■ 

Even if he is correct, there 
will be a period where capital 
inflow must be generated. 
After that, the capital account 
might be in balance. 

Although a comparison 
can be made with the 1970s, 
potential for international 
capital movements is now 
much greater than then. 

Capital markets have be- 
come global. Exchange con- 
trols have been abolished or 
relaxed in many countries. 
Foreign investment has be- 
come fashionable. ■ ' 

Britain can have ajportfofio 
outflow but this will need to 
be matched by potential port- 

Fnrther, purchases of Brit- 
ish. securities by overseas 
investors would improve the 
tone of our domestic mar- 

One factor that holds back 
the gflt-edged market is the 
fear of a sterling crisis in 
January. But, ifa crisis fails to 
materialize, then expecta- 
tions of an election in mid- 
1987 and hopes of a 
Government victory will 
increase. ' 

Investors could begin to 
anticipate lower gilt-edged 
yields. But even then, foe 
underlying balance-of-pay- 
ments flows mean British 
rates will have to keep a hi gh 
margin over those elsewhere. 

George Hodgson 

The author is chief economist 
at Citicorp Scrimgeour 
Vickers Securities 




I mmv 


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3MPT ' : l 

moEv, 1 

SEK^' ’ 

m?- 1 


. 'mi 

Wi a a -r? 

.. h| 

Land investors. 

IVeadused BCPH a 
pmutecompanv. in us 
E75m bid far Land 

Samuel Properties. 

We jA ised dav form in 
iis E92m offer for ltie much 
Ijiger Samuel Properties 
. and ananijed ihe debt 


We advised Chase 

Zealand in acquiring a 
conliollins interest in 
Wangle and arranged Ihe 
debt finance Tdtaf 
transaction value-. £b8m 


We advised Maitborough 
Properly Hokkngs in an 
agreed takeover by RMin ptc 
The bid valued our clients at 


VVe advised vwngale on its 
£T70m ofler for the much larger 
PHIT which included a large 
portion ofsub-urrdetwrmrxjJn 
Australia and New Zealand 
VVe also arranged finance 
for Chase Corporation to take 
up new win gate shares. 

Of the six major property company takeovers 
in the UK completed in the second half of 1986, 
we're pleased to say that we have acted in five. 

Each and every one an undisputed success. 

Samuel Montagu & Co. Limited. 



• OSCEOLA: An offer for the 
company from Egfrnton Oil And 
Gas has become unconditional 
in all respects. It was accepted 
by holders of 18,866,856 shares 
which, when added to the 
165,800 shares already owned 
by EgKn ton-give Eglintoo con- 
trol of 82.7 per cent of the 
sh ares. 

• vjuSWPLAN: Acceptances 
for the offer in respect of 
9.270,063 Viewphn shares have 
been received. 

SOURCES: The company has 
made a conditional agreement 
fin* tbe acquisition of Bow 
Valky, the US subsidiary of 
Bow valley Industries, and re- 
lated Bow Valley interests. The 
consideration will be $1483 
million, payable in cash on 

• W A HOLDINGS: The com- 
pany has agreed conditionally to 
acquire Bebecar (UK), aleadiog 
distributor of pushchairs, cots 
and nursery products sold under 
the Bebecar brand name. The 
consideration of £2 million is to 
be satisfied by tire issue of 

• GALA: The company is to 
btiy Dominion Homes; the 
house-building subsidiary of 
Dominion -International, for 
about £7.2 rmlHonuThis consid- 
erably expands Gila’s . house- 
building interests in south of 
England and takes it into tbe 
Midlands for the first time. 


SAUNDERS: Six months to 
Oct 31. No interim dividend, as 
indicated in tbe prospectus. 
Turnover £1.67 million and 
pretax profit £774,000. Turn- 
over for the whole of the 
previous year was £235 minion 
and pretax profit £800,000. The 
directors intend to recommend 
a final of 2p and say that thi* 
half-time result is weu on target 
for the forecast pretax profit of 
£1.6 million fin- the year. 

Merchant* Refrigerating, tbe US 
su b sidiary, has purchased two 
newcold stores for £J 03 mflGon 
(£73 million) in California. The 
company is - also expand i ng its 
Easton cold store m Lincoln- 
shire by a farther 13 million cu. 
ft. in time for the 1987 vegetable 
season at a cost of about £2 

Six months to Sept 30. Interim 
dividend Ip (same). Turnover 
£4.47 millios (£4.29 million). 
Pretax profit £295,000 
(£292,000). Earnings per sharer 
236p(2.19p). ■ 

• ERSK3NE HOUSE: Agree- 
ment been readied for the 
purchase of Wessex Business 
Machines, which supplies 
Canon copiers, together with 
electronic typewriters and word 
processors. It is also a mam 
deafer for Panasonic facsimile 
machines throughout the south- 

west. The consideration will be a 
maximum of£i million. 

• ROTAPRINT: The company 
is reporting for ihe 26 weeks to 
Sept 27. Safes £6.57 minion 
(£7-55 miQioa). Pretax fens 
£309,000 (£384.000). Basie loss 
per share Q.082p (d 1 77pk 

The company has repaid, 18 
months ahead of schednle, the 
outstanding sum under the me- 
dium-term financing agreement 
signed with a syndicate ofbanks 
in August, 1985. This is a result 
of signing new bilaieral commit- 
ted memum-term agreements 
with ten banks. Tbe board says 
that the unsecured medium- 
term money and metal borrow- 
ing facilities totalling £270 
million will provide tbe flexibil- 
ity ro match borrowings with the 
company’s dunging needs. The 

-company has reduced borrow- 
ings by more than £300 minio n 
since October. 1984. 

• BREMNEfc The company 

says that talks with Gty 

Westminster which could love 
fed to a merger have been ended. 
The board says that it was 
wffling to consider favourably a 
bid of 70p for the shares but it 
was unable to agree all the ierms 
and conditions -which' Gty and 
Westminster sought to impose. . 
The company has received a 
notice from Malaga Invest- 
ments, an oflshore investment 
vehicle -structured by Gty and 
Westminster, requiring it to 
convene an emergency gen***! 
meeting to consider rKolurions 
for tbe removal of life chairman, 
Mr J A Rowland-Jones and two 
directors, Mr CD Rees and Mr 
D B Porter, and for the appoint- 
ment to the board of Mr A L 
Greystoke, Mr A Gochrane 
Duncan and three other direc- 
tors or nominees of Gty and 

Interim dividend Q.78p. Figures 
in £000 fix' six months to 
September 30 (comparisons re- 

weeks to October 31: (compari- 
sons restated). Turnover 
155378 (1 18,609), pretax profit 
1,655 (1,107), tax 681 (405). 
extraordinary debit after tax 294 
(267), earnings per share I03p 

• GOFER: Figures in £000 for 
year to September 30. Turnover ■ 
5,143.1 (6,723.6), pretax profit 
41.8 (loss 1.819), tax 4.8 (nil), 
profit attributable 46.6 (loss 
1.819), extraordinary charges 
396.8(8003), earnings per share 
pie-extraordinary items Q30p 
(loss 1 1.67p). The chairman 
feels confident that the current 
year will prove another major 
step forward in the reestablish- 
ment of the company as a waiym 
for sound technical and finan- 
cial performance. 

The company has been advised 

of these holdings: Bectta invest- 
ment Trust 953,676 shares (7.16 
per cent), Mr G Harrison 
700,000 (526 per cent), Austra- 
lian Investors’ Corporation (a 
member of the Clayton Robeuti 
Group) 675,000 (5.07 per centX 
EEP Securins (a Brieriey Group 
company) 670,000 (5.03 per 

SOURCES: Figures in £s for 
year to September 30. Compari- 
sons restated). Turnover 
431.976 (64.922), pret ax profit 
301,721 (loss 227,338). earnings 
per share 1.4p (loss 13). 

stated). Turnover 37,253 
(35,878). pretax profit 6,871 
(5318), tax 1,985 (2,026), profit 
after tax 3386 (3.292), earnings 
per share 4.46p (3.78). The 
board says that volumes in the 
second half have been at about 
the same level as in tire corres- 
ponding period and that, given a 
reasonable Christmas, the com- 
pany is hopeful of main taining 
similiar growth for the year as a 

• FISONS: The company says 


Wpte te ftMfo gfran that a balanca 

of the Kjfim nS be struck on 
Mania^ Wtoaaiy, 1987 lor £ 
of the hatf-marty 

a affifiR 

31 st January, 1987 . 

Tl» dnridendjjriH ta paid on 2rd 
FWmauy. 1987. 


tsst J* 


win be launched to general 
practitioners in Britain early in 
January after its successful in- 
troduction to hospitals four 
months ago. 

• WATSON & PHTTJP -. F inal 

dividend 43 p, making 6u8p 
(5.8). Rants in £000 for 53 

MM." Sm *™ W . 
iJMdon. SE1 7NA 

22nd Decanter. 1886 1 



fmcJuding the new range? 



— UNIX, Rtk, Networking, Communications,, 



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North Sea suppliers 
face big shake-out 

W ith ihe oil price 
languishing at a level 
so low as to render 
most North Sea ventures un- 
economic, concern is growing 
for Britain’s offshore 
construction and supply 

The job losses and receiver- 
ships to make the headlines so 
far may be only the beginning 
of a more fundamental shake- 
out among Britain’s Nonh Sea 
supply companies. 

Dr Colin Phipps, chairman 
of Brindex. the association of 
British independent explora- 
tion companies, believes that 
in 12 months wc shall lose SO 
per cent of our infrastructure. 

He said: “There is enough 
maintenance and ordinary 
supply work for 50 per cent of 
our offshore capacity and 
maintenance requirements 
tend to increase as time goes 
by. But what the industry 
needs is new construction 
orders. New business puis the 
cream on it." 

Much has been made of the 
sufferings of the oil companies 
which see their earnings and 
assets diminish with every 
dollar fall in the oil price. 
However, exploration spend- 
ing for them is discretionary, 
and development spending 
can be delayed. 

It is comparatively easy for 
them to cut back on this 
discretionary expenditure, 
helping to reduce die adverse 
effect on their cash flow, 
although at some cost to 
employment of the highly- 
skilled geologists and geo- 
physicists in their exploration 

It is the service companies 
which really suffer from the 
fall in the oil price. Many of 
the construction yards, plat- 
form and module builders 
have already trimmed back in 
response to the orders 
because of the low oil price. 
But their remaining overheads 
are not discretionary, and they 
need orders to survive. 

drill** 1 ? 


ifsrtff 1 - 

Whitehall accused 
of complacency 

A s the oil price fall begins 
to cut into exploration 
budgets, the first to feel 
the draught are the companies 
involved in drilling. The worst- 
effects have been felt by the rig 
owners, supply boat owners 
and the diving and support 

The impact on the develop- 
ment side takes longer to feed 
through. Indeed, the offshore 
contractors are still fulfilling 
orders dating to the 1984 
offshore construction boom. 

But oil prices are now too 
low to justify developing most 
new North Sea oilfields, and 
the platform and module 
building yards and all the 
support industries will find 
life hard as iheir orders are 
completed during 1987. 

The work will not dry up 

As the speaker said to the 
American offshore oil 
construction and supply in- 
dustry: “Stay alive in *85, 
quick fix for *86, chapter 
eleven in *87." His words now 
seem to have more relevance 
for the UX offshore lad ratty. 

It has been firing with a low 
oil price for nearly a year bat 
its corrosive effect on the oQ 
service industry has been 
progressive rather than 

Drilling felt the draught 
first But, if low prices persist 
as the contractors finish their 
current workload, all the off- 
shore service companies will 
be facing a bleak future. 

The Government recognizes 
that there is a problem, as 
shown by recent concessions 
on advance petroknm revenue 

Dr Odin Phipps, chairman 
of Brindex, calk this “just a 

piece of clever pnblic 
relations.” Enterprise and 
Lasmo had been the only two 
members off Brindex to benefit. 
The other main beneficiaries 
had been Brito it and the US 


edied by loosening the fiscal 
straitjacket A similar pattern 
occurred at the beginning of 
the 1980s, when exploration 
activity slumped Tax reforms 
in the 1983 budget again 
rescued the service industry. 

There is now little on the 
taxation front for which the 
Government can be blamed 
and little it can do. Explora- 
tion is allowed against petro- 
leum revenue tax and new 
developments are un- 
economic because of the low 
oil price not because of the tax 

O nly two factors will 
stimulate an increase 
in offshore activity — 
higher oil prices or subsidies 
ofone son or another for new 

The world price of Nonh 
Sea oil is still determined by 
the Organization ofPeiroleum 
Exporting Countries, despite 
its much weakened condition. 
The British Government 
could try to help in supporting 
prices by taking a more active 
role internationally, allying 
itself with Opec-type de- 
cisions, much as Norway has 

Of more direct practical 
help would be the offer of 
subsidies. The simplest sub- 
sidy of all would be to allow 
the oil companies relief 
against PRT for development 
expenditure. This would en- 

Tbe struggling small ofl sure ^ more money was 
companies do not Iwif fi t at ^PWU in the North Sea. 

all, nor Is there is any guar- The difficulty here is that 
antee that the money will be those with enough PRT would 
returned to the North Sea. not necessarily be the most 
Dr Phipps says: “The Gov- deserving cases. Such a mea- 
oment is remarkably com- sure would probably prerip- 
aoentaboat what Is going ml itate a reshuffle of tax-paying 
k Treasury is reluctant to assets, such as occurred at the 

erameat is remarkably com- 
placent about what is going on. 
The Treasury is reluctant to 

give op any cash at aD and the time exploration was allowed 

Department of Energy does against PRT. 

not recognize the scale of the o^,,- P u ILtfnlu.M Ml «h. 

not recognize the scale of the 

The worry is that the service 
industry w31 be damaged be- 
yond repair. Britain is in 

British Petroleum set the 
bandwagon rolling when it 
sold off units in its Forties 
field. Most asset sales since 
have had tax shelter consid- 

completely because the south- 
ern gas sector st£D offers the 
possibility of a commercial 
return. But the platforms there 
are much smaller and with 

simpler superstructures. the first time ithas found itself 

Analysts at Wood Macken.- hurtling towards the bottom 
zie, the stockbroker, calculate of the cycle, 
that the contract for a plat- _. ,, ‘ 

form for a northern North Sea . 

oilfield such as Tern is worth shows thatNorfoSra platform 

more than £50 million for a SSWlJtiJSiSiwwSK 
platform weighing more than affeir - NoEewplanonnOT^s 
22,000 tonnes and involving were plac^ wttit Bntoh yards 
one million raan-houns of 

work. because of different pressures 

from those the industry is now 
In contrast, a typical plat- feeing, 
form for a southern gas field In the early 1970s penal 
will have a contract value of taxation was the culprit and 
only £7 million, weigh about the situation was easily rcm- 

dHuger of losing in a year what erations somewhere in the 

coald take five years to re- calculations. 


To overcome this PRT 
could be put into a Gov- 
1,000 tonnes and involve just eminent pool and used to 

90,000 man-hours of work. 
The offshore construction 

offer direct subsidies to new 
developments. But like most 

ILK VUOUUIW lAIUdUUMAlU *. , . , _ m m 

and supply industry is by its fiF?* schemes, it is 

nature cyclical, and this is not “SjY expensive, 

the first time it has found itself 

hurtling towards the bottom more P" 0 ™*™ 3 than it solves, 
of the cycle. Britain has bujUt up conrid- 

The accompanying chart erable expertise in developing 
shows that North Sea platform oilfields in some of the most 
ordering is a feast and famine hostile environments in the 
affair. No new platform orders world in the teeth of intense 
were placed with British yards American competition. If the 
during 1975 and 1976 but Government wants it to keep 
because of different pressures its foothold in the business, it 
from those the industry is cow may need to dig into its pocket 
facing. to help it to survive until the 

In the early 1970s penal oU price stats to pick up again 

taxation was the culprit and r 

the situation was easily rem- Carol rCTgUSOIl 


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Nm England Rape 24 
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Ram Ol 18 

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Hrttad Motor 1 a 

RMS 122 

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8419000 Soaajauan) 
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for five 
of folly 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

The year is ending on a 
downbeat. It is not ai all likely 
that the fourth quarter will 
produce any positive eco- 
nomic growth at all. 

Meanwhile the over-lever- 
aged American corporate sec- 
tor faces a couple ofyears in 
which it will be difficult to 
reduce the fantastic leverage 
levels that have been built up. 

Obviously, there will have 
to be a deleveraging of Amer- 
ica after the folly of the past 
five years, folly that has been 
fed by the almost unbelievably 
lax policies of the Fed which 
have poured a gout of cash 
into the system. This has been 
used in large measure to build 
up debt and to inflate the 
values of financial assets. 

There will have to be a 
return to traditional relation- ' 
ship between debt and equity. 

The reaction will take two j 
main forms. 

First there will be mass 
payoffs of labour and sales of 
divisions in order to improve 
the corporations' cash. After a 
time, the glut of divisions for 
sale will reduce the attraction 
of this route. The collapse of 
the Coca-Cola bottling issue — 
a farce - is indicative of the 
problems that are in the 
: pipeline as corporations strug- 
gle to raise cash and remove 
loss-making or other difficult 
divisions from the consoli- 
dated balance sheet 

Secondly, there will have to 
be a reversion to stock issues. 
But these issues will be priced 
in a decidedly unfavourable 
environment when major 
corporations are all vying for 
cash in the stock market to 
evade bankruptcy that will 
become more .imminent as 
difficult profit-earning con- 
ditions combine with gluts of 
new stock issues to raise 
prospective yields demanded 
by investors. 

At the same time, the new 
tax law will make new cor- 
porate stock yields necessarily 
mudi higher, since there is no 
point in waiting for capital 
gains which will be taxed at 
the same rate as ordinary 

Meanwhile, it is clear that 
many of the huge American 
corporations are in deep trou- 
ble. Massive layoffs by GM, 
AT&T and IBM point to a 
serious sickness, a lack of 
momentum, an inability to 
grow, that is afflicting some of 
the most powerful and pres- 
tigious of American 

In this environment, the 
dear choice is fixed income 
paper of high quality. This 
means, for all practical pur- 
poses, Treasury paper and 
some municipal paper. 

There are those — Henry 
Wojtyla and Nicocies Michas 
among them — who believe 
this story Is going to end in a 

I think it is possible the 
world's central bankers, led by 
the Fed, will pour so much 
cash into the system that a 
cataclysm will be avoided. 



The baffling gap in 
industrial policy 

I n preparing the way for the Awacs 
contract last week, the Prime Min- 
ister made ihe apparently 
unchailengable proposition that “de- 
fence requirements must be paramount 
They will not be subordinated to any 
political expediency.’* In doing so, 
however, Mrs Thatcher gave the im- 
pression to paranoid industrialists that 
the technical health and employment 
prospects of British industry, rather 
than being an end in themselves, were 
no more than a matter of political 
expediency, affecting the electoral pros- 
pects of a few MFs. 

That was no doubt inadvertent. Yet 
there is a lacuna in the present 
Government's policy towards industry. 
The essence of the policy has, indeed, 
been a realization that government and 
industry do not go well together in this 
country. Hence, policy has centred — 
with varying success — on creating the 
right conditions for business and enter- 
prise to thrive, while keeping 
Whitehall's grubby hands off the 

The privatization programme, one of 
Mrs Thatcher’s most successful initia- 
tives, rests on the same proposition. It is 
now common ground that Whitehall is 
not good at running industries. Such 
healthy realism does not, however, 
obviate the need to improve the 
relations between industry and White- 
hall. Nor does this presuppose a French 
or Japanese system of government 
organization and promotion of in- 

Defence procurement is a case in 
point The cancellation of the Nimrod 
project has left people from abroad 
baffled. No other leading industrial 
country, it seems, would dump its home 
industry in such a way. 

T he Nimrod experience will be 
pored over in endless detail in 
committees. It seems likely that 
the original conception of the project 
and the way it was handled will be found 
wanting, rather than the final difficult 
decision to cancel. For that was an 
admission of past failure. 

It is now widely agreed that cost-plus 
development is unsuitable for this sort 
of project Behind this, however, must 
lie a greater practical understanding of 
Britain's diminish ed size in the military 
world. Major projects cannot hope to 
pay for themselves at economic cost on 
UK orders alone. If the government is to 
back a British project, it must from the 
first co-operate with private industry on 
the creation of an export product rather 
than one tailored in stultifying detail to 
-British needs. 

• There is nothing new about co- 
operative Nato aircraft projects. But 
civil servants and service chiefs at the 
Ministry of Defence still do not see it as 
part of their business — and may. 


indeed, consider it improper — to 
promote the commercial interests and 
profits of individual private firms, it 
seems clear that the Nimrod project, 
many of whose basic technical problems 
stem' from the false economy of choos- 
ing an obsolete, unsuitable but cheaply 
available airframe, was not conceived as 
a world competitor. Thinking has 
improved since 1977. but not enough. 

If the principal aim is to save money, 
it is usually cheaper to buy .American or 
other imports offered at incremental 
cost without the full overhead burden. 
Even that should be worked out with 
industry in advance. 

If projects need rethinking, so does 
ordering. The Westland crisis, which 
exposed fatuous Whitehall jealousies 
over responsibilities for different com- 
panies, stemmed from a sudden lack of 
British Government orders. The needs 
of industry were ignored in juggling with 
figures in the defence budget. That 
process is now damaging Britain’s 
warship-building industry. 

A more subtle, but equally dev- 
astating lack of Whitehall co- 
operation has effectively wrecked 
the British bus-building industry- The 
implications of bus deregulation were 
simply not properly worked out be- 
tween the transport and industry depart- 
ments. So bus builders found 
themselves devoid of orders and ill- 
prepared for the consequent demand for 
smaller chassis, most of which are now 
imported. Properly handled, this transi- 
tion could have promoted the British 
bus industry. 

Industrialists are also to blame for 
deficiencies in co-operation, in part 
because of their fears that Labour 
governments’ idea of co-operation is 
control. Their distaste for working with 
competitors (not to mention trade 
unions) has also limited the potential of 
the detailed work of the National 
Economic Development Office. For 
many British firms dealing in world 
markets, the chap down the road is still 
a bigger enemy than competitors 

Nonetheless, a concerted effort 
should be started within government to 
promote individual British firms as an 
integral part of many decisions. Better 
co-operation between departments 
would be a good start. 

Over Christmas. Mrs Thatcher will be 
reading the Sizewell report, which is 
principally about the choice of British or 
American/French reactor technology 
rather than the building of nuclear 
power stations per se. The long-term 
promotion of British firms will not 
figure prominently in the report Will 
it figure in the decision? 

Graham Searjeant 

Financial Editor 

Balfour Beatty’s board now 
comprises: Mr D Holland, 

Mr K OdeD, 
director; Mr J 

chair man; Mr R Rankin, chief non-exeojtive. 



executive; Mr N Ashley, exec- 
utive director, Balfour Beatty 
Construction International; 
and Mr R Biggam, corporate 

Mr I Carroll, executive 
director, Balfour Beatty 
Power; Mr D Cawthra, exec- 

David S Smith (Holdings): 
Mr Nigel Chancellor, manag- 
ing director of Abbey Corru- 
gated, a subsidiary, has been 
made a director of David S 

Mr Brian Smith and Mr 
Nefl Greig have become joint 

utive director, Balfour realty chairmen and joint chief exec- 
Construction; Mr P Clarke, utives of St Regis Packaging, a 

corporate director; Mr G 
Grist, finance director; Mr R 
Morgan, corporate director. 



Towers, Perrin, Forster & 
Crosby: The new directors are: 
Mr John Ryan and Mr Geoff 
WetalL The new partners are: 
Mr Richard Bowen, Mr John 
I ns t a n c e , Mr George Ottos 
and Mr David Grender-Jones. 

C te tai B Inricn co m p a re d »Hh 137B wwi ap rt Bag range S9-S 680). 



Araentra austrar _ 

AuhuBb defer 

Bahrain dtiar 

Brazfl cruzado* 

CVDfUS DQund ■■■n....... 

FWand marks — 

Greece drachma — 

Hong Kong defer — 

ImSanvea — 


Kuwait few KD — . 

Malaysia dollar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand dollar.. 
Saudi Arabia rtyal „ 

Blnmniin i Hnlnl 

South Africa rand — 


Lloyds Bank 

1.731 B-1.73B9 



— 200740209940 




_ 11.1680-11.1780 








__ S036&&23765 

Wes Germany 
Swftzeriard ~ 

n»wj otatatewte 

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— 13550-13580 

— 2.1905-2-1915 


„ O07DOO07O7 

— 13784-13789 

— 7.5775-70825 

_. 10820-1.6830 
_ 23075-2.2685 
„ 60775-60875 
„ 16805-16815 
_ 13910-13920 


„ 7.7940-7.7960 
__ 14900-14900 
„ 13820-13540 




ABN 11.00% 

Adam & Company 11.00% 

BCCl >....1100% 

Citibank Savingst 12.45% 

Consolidated Crds 11.00% 

CD-operative Bank 11.00% 

C. Hoare & Co 11.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 1 .00% 

Lloyds Bank 11.00% 

Nat Westminster 11.00% 

Royal Bank ot ScoHandll.00% 

TSB 11.00% 

Citibank NA 11.00% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

Notice of Meeting 

Notice is hereby given thatlhe Annual General 
Meeting of Members of National Australia Bank 
Limited will be held at 36th Floor, 500 Bourke 
Street, Melbourne, on Thursday, January 22. 
1987, at 1100 a.m. 

Ordinary Business 

L 7b receive and consider the balance sheet and 
statement of profit and loss and the reports of the 
Directors and of the Auditor for the year ended 
September 30, 1986. 

8.7b elect Directors. 

3. 7b transact any other business of which due 
notice has been given. 

Rata supplsd by Baidiy* Bank HOFEX and Estt. 

Bass Rates % 

Clearing Banks 11 
finance House 11% 

D ta coia* Mart e l L oa n a% 
OwrUghtHigh: 12 Low 10 
Tmaavy tote (Discount %J 



7 days 6X-0X 
Smntti Pit-6 7 « 


3mntt> I0"u 

2mnm UP**? 
3mnth 10% 

Prime Bank B»fpi9Cuurt» 

1 m*h lQ a o-lCK*K2rrtnth 10H-10»a 
3 mnHi 10»»-10 ,, a6ron8l IOX-10% 

Trade Wto (Discount*) 

1 nmth 11 7 I« 2 mirth 11% 

3mnh W S Bimth 11% 

OvemghtdDAnll dose 11 

1 week 11 - 10 % Bmnth 11 %-liX 

Imran Oman 11 %-nx 

3mnft 11%-llK 12 mm 11%-ilX 

LMtohAnfty Depute {%) 

2 days 10% 7 days 10% 

Imnft 11 Smntti lift 

6 mntri lift" 12riift 11 3 ib 
Lee* Authority Bonds pt) 

imnth lift-lift 2 mntti lift-lift 

7 days 5ft-5ft 
Smntti 5ft-5 
Bench Franc 
7 days 8%-fl 

Smntti 9 15 -8ft 
Swiss Franc 
7 days ift-i 


7 days 4%-4K 
3 fflftth 4%-4H 

cal 6ft -5 ft 

1 mntti 7ft-7 
Simft 6>ifr0 s i4 
cal 5ft-4K 

1 mnth 554-Sft 
6 mnth 4 ltl i#- u ia 
can 8K-7ft 

1 rmft 9-Sft 
6 mntti 9-Sft 
CBS Ift-ft 

imnft 5ft-5ft 

Smntti 4)5-4 ft 
cal 5-4 

1 mntti 454-4% 

6 mnth tPvrVui 

7b consider and, if thought fit, to pass the 
following resolution as an Ordinal Resolution: 
"that sanction be and is hereby given to the 
modification by the Directors ofthe terms and 
conditions of theStaff Share Scheme established 

40 84 160 
10 81 33 
36 20116 

U 28 300 
20*104 49 

4991 JOB ttorti to n 
608MOB Y4rt Msvnt 
a&Sn yak Tm Sp 
19M0OO Dumb 
2300000 Jjpl Dynaria 

73 20 200 
U 20 150 
87 59 9.7 
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20 1.7290 

2A 40270 
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900 10 .. 
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3imft lift-lift 
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6 mntti 11 %-iift 
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1 mnth lift-11 Smntti 11 *w-11*m 
6mnft I1*i«-I1*w I2mft lift-lift 


1 mnth 7.00*95 
Smith &2&420 

3 mnth 6.45-6,40 

12 nth 64)4.15 


Krugerrand (par coin, ax vat): 

S 391 .tttmOO (E2720O-2750CH 
SowrMaB (new, ox vat): 

$ 9200-9850 (£64006535 ) 

$464 30 mio) 


S 5370053900 (23.747087625} 


Af)p(et££30Sm oAotect £i00m 

BkfcT£97.34% received: 65*. 

Last weak: 89734% received; E28% 
Avge rate: £103648% last wk 8103591% 
MextweflfcElOQm raptor £1 88m 

deletion ofthe word "full-time 1 ’ where it appears 

in thedefinition of "Employee" containedin 
Clause Kc) of the Staff Share Scheme' 1 

By order of the Board 
R.J. Bamier, Secretary 
November 27, 1986. 


A Member or other person entitled to vote may 
appoint not more than two proxies to attend and 
vote instead of him. Where more than one proxy 
is appointed, each proxy must be appointed to 
represent a specified proportion of the Member's 
voting rights. A proxy need not be a Member of 
the Company. 

Na t ional Austrafia^jLBank 

Mattnal fasmlw Bant touted ^ 

focoipMiaedmteCoc^ 39BP627! 



From your portfolio card check your 
ight share price movements, on this page 


or-- ™ “ua |Ha>' 

only. Add them up to give you your 
overall total and check (His apinst the 
daily dividend figure. If it matches, you 
have won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card Yon must always have 
your card available when 



Capitalization and week’s change 

(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock quoted) , 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began December 8 . Dealings ended Friday. §Coman|o day today. Settlement day January j. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

VI- »•*/ - 


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_ +2 4A 63 20.5 

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54 23 279 



i 07 m Aecera 
532* ASSOC Book 
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4910900 M (MQ 
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484m CoawMta) 
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45219m Rothmans ■&■ 


- 2 'j 109 

67 82 

Chancery Division 


Law Report December 22 1 986 

Pension fund surplus cannot be removed by new owners 

In re Courage Pension over liabilities 
Schemes million. 

Ryan and Others v Imperial In February i 
Brewery & Leisure Ltd and ^ inserted a’ m 
Others effect was fo cli 

Mr ^ Millcn .K5 

(Judgment December IQ) the surplus, as 

Proposals by Hanson Trust desenbed as “a 

pJc designed to remove, for its Without sue 
own benefit or for tbc benefit of companies j n 
other employees in other com- Group would 
ponies in the Hanson Group, all ‘'associated coir 
but £ 10 million of the surplus of to participate ii 
£80 million in three pension by IBL over ma 
schemes intended for the benefit Hanson madk 

of employees of Imperial Brew- desire to nemo 
>ng & Leisure Ltd (IBL) were benefit or for 
disallowed by Mr Justice Millett employees o 
in the Chancery Division. remaining in 

His Lordship held that the Group, most of 

over liabilities being about £80 

In February 1986 the commit- 
tee inserted a new clause, whose 
cflcci was to dose each scheme 
to new entrants, in order to 
protect the assets, particularly 
the surplus, against what was 
described as “a predator”. 

Without such action other 

committee of management of surplus. 

witnout such action other 
companies in the Hanson 
Group_ would have become 
•associated companies'’ entitled 
to participate in funds, built up 
by IBL over many years. 

Hanson made no secret of its 
desire to remove for its own 
benefit or for the benefit of 
employees of companies 
remaining in tbc Hanson 
Group, most of the £80 million 

the schemes were not bound to 
concur in executing the pro- 
posed deed amending the trust 
deeds or rules. The proposed 
amending deeds, as presently 
drawn were outside the power to 
amend the trust deeds and rules. 

His Lordship so held on an 
originating summons taken out 
by the plaintiffs, Bernard Joseph 
Ryan and others, the committee 

of management for the pension 
schemes, against IBL, Graham 

Despite the sale of IBL to 
Elders. Hanson proposed that 
the pension schemes should 
remain with Hanson, which 
would be substituted as “the 
company" for purposes of the 

When explained, those pro- 
posals aroused concern among 
the committee members, since 
the effect would be to exclude 
employees Grom benefit, al- 
though they continued to be 

proposed amendments were 
within the power to amend and 
could properly be made. 

They must not infringe the 

provisos to the rule-amending 
power, particularly the express 
prohibition against altering the 
scheme's "main purpose", 
namely the provision of pen- 
sions on retirement at a speci- 
fied age for members. Such a 
power was given for the purpose 
of promoting not altering the 

Whenever possible the deed’s 
provisions should be construed 
so as to give reasonable and 
practical effect to the scheme, 
bearing in mind that it had to 
operate against a constantly 
changing commercial back- 
ground, the scheme being in- 
tended not tor employees of a 
single company, but tor those of 
a group of companies. 

Even a "main purpose" might 
be changed by degrees, as was 
demonstrated by Thefhtsson v 

Such provisions could prop- intended to be irrevocable, the 
eriy be said to promote the mam true question was whether the 
purpose, and not to alter il closure of any scheme could be 
' Thai, however, was not the entrenched against a future cx- 
present case at alb the Courage excise of a power to amend. 
Group had not been re- There was no need tor such 

constructed, but sold, 

Tbe purpose of the proposed 
substitution of Hanson for IBL 

entrenchment, the company be- 
ing sufficiently protected by 
being a necessary parly to 

was not to preserve the schemes amendments to re-open it. and 
in existence for the benefit of the members of a dosed scheme 

those employed in the undertak- 
ing, but was to prevent that from 

being likewise similarly pro- 
tected, by the feet that the 

happen ing, a nd to bring about committee was a necessary 
an unnecessary dissolution of party to any amendmeiu. 

Hereford Griffin, a member of employed by the same en- 


Pension ploycr. 

Scheme, and Imperial Group pensioners in schemes operated 
Pension Trust Ltd and Imperial by . Hanson, a company with 

Group Pension Investment Ltd, 
the custodian trustees. 

Mr Edward Nugec, QC and 
Mr Nicholas Warren for the 
plaintiffs; Mr Nigel Inglis-Jones, 
QC and Mr Geoffrey Top ham 

which they had no or only the 
most tenuous connection. 

After legal advice the commit- 
tee issued their originating sum- 
mons on November 5, asking 
whether they were (a) at liberty 

Ltv- ana Mr oeonrey ropham ' y > 

tor I BL; Mr Michael Hart tor Mr or bo uod «® execute the 

Griffin; Mr Geoffrey Topbara Proposed amending trust deeds, 
for the custodian trustee com- Hanson contended that they 
panics. were so bound and bad no 

discretion in the matter, and it 

MR JUSTICE MILLETT had executed interim schemes, 
said that in April 1986, Hanson allowing for new entrants to be 
Trust pic acquired Imperial added, the new deeds lacking 
Group pic, one of whose subs id- only execution by the commit- 
iaries was IBL. tee. 

After sale of pan of IBL’s It was clear, and common 
undertaking, IBL and its ground, that the Courage Retail 
re main Log subsidiaries now con- Managers Pension Scheme, 
si sied. of only three companies, vested the power to amend the 
described as the Courage Group rules in the committee, with the 
of companies. consent of the participating 

In September, Hanson a g ree d companies, and it followed, as 
to sell IBL to an Australian was conceded, that the commit- 
company, Elders IXL Ltd, for tee had a fiili discretion, that the 
approximately £1.4 billion. The amending deed would have no 
sale became unconditional on effect until executed by the 
November 14 and was com- committee, and that its validity 

pletcd oh November 19. 

would then fall to be considered 

IBL operated three contribu- as at the date when so executed. 

pension schemes 

The relevant clause in the 

employees in the group, each other two schemes was, in his 
governed by its own trust deed Lordship’s view, ambiguous but 

and rules. The Courage Retail his Lordship had no doubt that 
Managers Scheme, established, its correct meaning was that the 
in 1956 by Barclay Perkins & Co committee was required, not as 
Ltd for managers of off-licences, Mr InglisJones contended, to 
received new rules in 1963 when concur "in the execution of the 
IBL was substituted as "the amending deed by the company, 
company" for purposes of the but to concur "in executing" tin: 
scheme. amending deed iisel£ the word 

The Courage Staff Pension "concur** denoting an act of 
Scheme and the Courage voluntary agreement. 
Employees Pension Scheme. To exclude the committee's 
originally non-conuibutory.' discretion would not Only deny 
were established by IBL for any effective protection to 
employees in IBL and its asso- ' members, but would make non- 

ciated companies. 

sense of the careful allocation of' 

The plaintiffs constituted the powers found elsewhere in the 
committee of management for trust deed and rules, 
ail three schemes, whose assets But the committee were only 
totalled about £252 million, entitled to join in executing the 
their estimated surplus of assets proposed amending deeds if the 

Viscouni Voientm (f 1907] 2 Ch 
1) concerned with Huriingbam 
Club whose initial object, to 
provide a ground for pigeon 
shooting . changed later to a 
ground for polo and other 

It was a novel and startling 
proposition that a company, 
and its associated companies 
participating in a pension 
scheme, could be sold and 
continue to employ substan- 
tially its whole workforce, for 
whose benefit the scheme was 
established, and yet the scheme 
itself be excluded from the sale. 

His Lordship’s first reaction, 
namely that substituting one 
company tor another as prin- 
cipal company tor the scheme 
was necessarily outside the ruie- 
a mending power, proved, how- 
ever, to be too sweeping a 

After examining the terms of 
the three schemes, his Lordship 
said there was a limited right to 
substitute another company tor 
IBL, but only if the company 
was being wound up for 
reconstruction or amal- 
gamation, and the only com- 
pany that could be substituted 
was the reconstructed or amal- 
gamated company. 

Sale of an associated company ' 
out of the group would cause a 
partial dissolution of the 
scheme, but unless another 
company was first substituted, 
the sale of IBL itself would not 
affect the schemes at alL 
It was obviously desirable 
that some provision for 
substitution should be included 
in a group scheme; it would be 
unfortunate if the whole scheme 
had to be wound up merely 
because, on a group reconstruc- 
tion, the principal company was 
pul into liquidation. 

A pension scheme was estab- 
lished, not for a particular 
company, but tor those em- 
ployed in a commercial under- 
tm Sang, and provision could 
properly be made for the scheme 
to continue for their benefit, it, 
on a reconstruction, the under- 
taking was transferred from one 
company to another w ithin the 
group, and if it remained identt- 
fiaNy the same. 

tbc schemes which would not 
otherwise occur. 

The need tor some provision 
to be made tor substitution 
showed that the identity of "the 
company" was not of the es- 
sence or part of the "main 
purpose” of the schemes. 

It did not follow that an 
unlimited power of substitution 
could be validly introduced, or 
that any company could prop- 
erly be substituted in any 
circumstances and tor any 

The simple foci was that 
Hanson did not employ and 
never bad employed any of the 
employees for whose benefit the 
schemes were established. 

The circumstances must be 
such that substitution was nec- 
essary or at least expedient in 
order to preserve the scheme for 
those for whose benefit it was 
established, and the substituted 
company must be recognizably 
the successor to the business and 
workforce of the company tor 
which it was to be substituted: h 
was not enough that h was a 
member of the same group, or 
the holding company of the 
group. The proposed substitu- 
tion was ultra vines. 

His Lordship also held that 
whether or not the closure of the 
schemes in February 1986 to 
new entrants was or was not 

The committee’s powers were 
fiduciary, and present members 
could not deprive their succes- 
sors of the right to exercise the 
power of amendment: see In re 
Hm Trust Deeds <[1964] Ch 

Whether or not the closure 
could have been made proof 
against future re-opening, that 
had not been done, and the 
court would declare that the 
committee were (a) at liberty, 
buL(b) not bound to execute any 
deeds amending the trust deeds 
or rules for the purpose of re- 
opening the schemes to new 

Hanson’s poposals, which his 
Lordship had disallowed, were 
designed to remove for its own 
benefit, or for the benefit of 
employees in other Hanson 
Group companies, all but £10 
millioa of the surplus, thus 
reducing or extinguishing the 
employees’ present expectation 
of continued suspension of 

They thus raised the wider 
and controversial issue of 
whether surpluses should be 
regarded as available to the 
employer or as belonging wholly 
or partly to the members. 

Tbc point did not arise di- 
rectly lor decision, but it was 
right to explain why his Lord- 
ship had not based his decision 

on the ground that Hanson’s 
proposals would deprive the 
employees of an accrued legal 


The Surpluses arose from 
what, with hindsight, could be 
seen as post over-funding, so 
that prirna facie, if returnable 
and dot used to increase bene- 
fits, they ought to be returned to 
those who contributed them. 

In a contributory scheme that 
might be thought to be in 
proportion u> the respective 
contributions of employees and 
employer but that was not 
necessarily or always the case. 

Is the present instance the 
employees bad no right to a 
“cQuinbutions holiday", and 
any surplus was due to past 
over-funding by the employer 

It would, however, only be in 
rare cases that lhe employer 
would have any legal right to 
repayment of any pan of the 
surplus, since regulations were 
expected shortly to be made 
under section 64 of the Social 
Security Act 1973, as amended, 
under which any repayment 
would normally require co- 
operation between employer 
and trustees or committee of 

The members, while having 
no legal right to participate in 
the surplus, objected to being 
transferied compulsorily to a 
new scheme of which they knew 
nothing except that it had a 
relatively small surplus, and 
they were entitled to have their 
objections dealt with by dis- 
cussion and negotiation, and 
not to be irrevocably parted 
from the surplus by the uni- 
lateral decision of a take-over 

Solicitors; Linklaters & 
Paines; Nabarro Nathanson; 
Lovell White &. King; Nabarro 

Agency status must be disclosed 

GimMett v McGIashan 
Before Lord Justice May and Mr 
Justice Russell 

(Judgment December 5] 

An air travel agent relying on 
the exemption from holding a 
licence under regulation 2 of the 
Civil Aviation (Air Travel Or- 
ganizers Licensing) Regulations 
(SI 1972 No 223) by reason of 
his principal being the holder of 
a licence was required by regula- 
tion 2 to disdose his status as 
agent in a transaction making 
flight accommodation available. 

The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court so held in allow- 
ing an appeal by way of case 
stated by the prosecutor, Rich- 
ard Jeremy Gimblen, against 
the dismissal by the Wells Street 
Metropolitan Stipendiary Mag- 
istrate of an information against 
Andrea McGIashan alleging a 
contravention of regulation 2(1) 
of the 1972 Regulations. 

Hie 1972 Regulations pro- 
vide: “2(1) Subject to para- 
graphs (2) and (3) of this 
regulation, no person shall, in 
the United Kingdom — (a) make 
available, as a principal or an 

agent accommodation for the 
carriage of persons on flights by 
aircraft (whether or not reg- 
istered in toe United Kingdom) 
in any pan of the world; or (b) 
bold himself out as a person 
who, either as a principal or 
agent, or without disclosing his 
capacity, may make such 
accommodation available un- 
less:- . . . (ii) be holds a licence 
authorizing him to do so and toe 
terms of toe licence are com- 
plied with so tor as they relate to 
the provision of that accom- 

"(2) Nothing in paragraph (1) 
of this regulation shall require a 
person to hold a licence by 
reason only of the feet that be 
. . .(b) makes available, or holds 
himself out as a person who may 
make available, such accom- 
modation as agent acting on 
behalf and with toe authority of 
— (i) toe bolder of a licence:" 

Mr Bernard Livesey for the 
prosecutor; Mr Adrian Salter for 
the defendant. 

that toe issue was whether there 
was an obligation upon the 
agents, Toumew Travel Ltd, of 

which toe defendant was a 
director, to disclose the exis- 
tence of their agency and the 
identity of their principal. 

The regulations were not as 
felicitously drafted as they 
might have been. The addition 
of toe words "a disclosed ” 
before the word "agent" in 
regulation 2(2 Kb) would not 
have been misplaced. 

There must be significance in 
toe words "or without disclosing 
his capacity" in regulation 
2( 1 XbL and to give any meaning 
at all to those words it was 
necessary to imply the words "a 
disclosed" before the wort) 

“agent" in regulation 2{2Xb)- 

There seemed to be do point in 
the wonts “acting on behalf of 
and with the authority of 
which immediately followed the 
word “agent" unless disclosure 
was contemplated and required. 

Consequently toe magistrate 
erred in acquitting the defen- 
dant on the information pre- 
ferred against her and the appeal 
would be allowed. 

Lord Justice May agreed. 

Solicitors: Mr K. G. Harries; 
Anthony Feldman & Co. 

LAW 21 

Court of Appeal 

Operative cause 
in obtaining 
by deception 

„ . vtnn plained of in the present case did 

Kegma v King not ^jnsniute toe criminal of- 

Regma v Stock well fence of obtaining propenv by 

Before Lord Justice Neill, Mr P felences or *)' deception 
Justice Waterhouse and Mr t ^ ecau ^’ “ a maltcr of ca,i5a ' 

Justin Savtite pr0 ^' "5 

... obtained by reason of the work 

[Judgment November 28] carried out rather than by 

When considering offences of reason of any deception 
obtaining property by deception j n R v Lewis a schoolmistress 
the question to be asked in each obtained her appointment by 
case was whether the deception falsely stating that she possessed 
was an operative cause of toe a teacher's certificate. She was 
obtaining of the property. Thai held to be not guilty of obtaining 
question fell to be answered as a her salary by pretences on 
question of feet by toe jury the ground that she was paid 
applying their commoosense. because of toe sendees she 
The Court of Appeal so stated rendered and not because of the 
when dismissing appeals by representation. 

David King and James u was to be observed, bow- 
Stockwel] against their convrc- ever that Professor Gianvilie 
lions on February 19, 1986 at Williams in his Textbook of 
Southampton Crown Court Criminal Lot vat p751 said: “Yet 
(Judge Stock, QC and a jury) of Lewis would not have got toe 
attempting to obtain property job, and consequently her sal- 
by deception. They were each ary, if it bad not been for 
fined £150, with 30 days* pretence. Her object in making 
imprisonment in detauh. the pretence was to get toe 

Mr Nigel Cockburn, assigned salary. Assuming, as is likely, 
by toe Registrar of Criminal that the employer would not 
Appeals, for toe appellants; Mr have made her any payment of 
Keith Cutler for toe Crown. salary if toe lie had not been 


the MneUam^wmt'io’thrho^e connection between the lie and 
the appellants went to the bouse {he 0 f clar y Why 

ffelSvi'fhiS shovid il not be a causal 
Xfl connection in lawT 

Th « r Lonkbips had given 
surgeons (that she mew of) and consideration to toe 

ft? argument based on causation or 

tree m her garden were growing re „ 0Ieness anc j taken ac- 

S3 of toT feSTtbS Some 
cause thousands of pounds of suppon for toe appellants' argu- 

S ri U 7r^ Id m 5 menl rof S hl ** provided by toe 
mhL* JSLi if® 6, *** writings of a number of disrin- 
M Tt^ U ?£^ < 2iiS y ’« nihpr 8“ished academic lawyers. 

Nevertheless their Lordships 
had come to toe conclusion that 
others should also be felted to on ^ facl5 of ^ , nmi ^ 

avoid damage. They said that to the argument was feUacSus. 
SK^« V |w‘ OUrlreeSWOUkl 10 their view toe question in 

Miirh-n *»,„ eacfa case was: was the deception 
JJ®. wtSthS? 30 operative cause of the obtain- 

would telephone her brother, ^ ^ property? The ques- 

EJSSflffS * MlJnS tion fell iobeanswered TSTt 
W ° k for £47 ° question of feet by the jury 
r“l” 110 rr. , ,, , applying their corumonsense. 

Mrs Mitchell went to draw Thatipproach^SSem 

with toe decision in ft v Martin 
((1867) LR 1 CCR 56, 60) where 
HKJlX? fill Chief Justice Bovill said: “What 

is testf Surely this, that there 
must be a direct connection 
between toe pretence and the 
■JK! 'SBEZnSi deUvery - that there must be a 

continuing pretence. Whether 
ton: is such a connection or not 
« a question for toe jury." That 
rlf" decision was referred to with 

approval in R v Moraon (0913) 
again s t conviction, counsel lor o p n *ii^\ 

toe appeUantf .argued that the jJ {fiP £*nr case there was 

ample evidence upon which the 
jury could come to toe oonclu- 
sirin that had the attempt suc- 
ceeded toe money would have 
u 'SSSTJUSS p » been paid over by the victim as a 
f JLR& 3 S KS”. *1 result of the lies told to her by 

to appellants. Their Lordships 
' ^joported m a footnote considered that toe appellants 
were rightly convicted/ 

IZto edition plloo, note 66) it _ t ' _ 

had been recognized generally _ Solicitors Crown Prosecution 

that conduct of the kind com- Service, Southampton. 



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01-852 3960 


Tutorial College of 
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Enrolments now being 
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Time veek comes in Flower 

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Applications arc invited for the post of 


SL Anne's is an independent girls school of 320 
girls 11-18 with a flourishing sixth form and 
excellent academic results. This is an exciting 

and chaHeng 
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Letters of a] 
names and a 
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post the Governors arc seek- 
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LA23 1NW 

from whom further details are available. 



In the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Surveying of Stuttgart University, 

mere is a vacancy for a 


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He wBI be the Director of the Institute for Construction Materials in Civil 
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the departments “Materials and Construction" and "Fastening 

Lecturer in 
Planning & Traffic 

A National I n sti t ute for Trimsport has 
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aged 35-60, preferably with a post-graduate 
qu a lificati on , te ach i n g exp erienc e and 
involvement in hPnBpftyffflfln planning and 
traffic kHjwwTmj at a national and/or 
local leveL A knowledge of Arabic would 
be useful. 

The appointment is on contract to ODA, 
on loan to the Government ol Egypt, far 
a period of two yearn Salary (UK taxable) 
is m the range £H300 to ElZBffi pa 
depending on qualifications and 
experience and will include an element 

in Hwi nf uip waimifllinn t briahlo tag froa 

allowances, currently in the range £990 to 
£4J330 pa, are also payable. 

The post is wholly financed by the 
Ttiiiikh tmdex Scrtau’s 

programme of Aid to the developing 
nranfriog- other benefits naanally include 
paid leave, free family passages, chfidran's 
education allowances, Cnee accommodation 
and medical uttentirtu- 

ftar an ap pl icat io n fann. please write. 



St Anne’s has 400 pupils 5-18. It has a 
flourishing Sixth Form and excellent 
academic results. The School makes full use 
of its superb setting in the English Lake 

The following Awards are offered in 1987: 


A Science Scholarship 
For girls wishing to study at least two of 
Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and 
Biology in the Sixth Form. 

Two Scholarships 

For girls of high academic ability 
wishing to enter the Sixth Form in 
September 1987. 

A number of Awards for achievement or 
potential in Music, Art, Drama and 


Two Academic Scholarships 
together with Awards for potential 
in Art, Drama, Music and Dance. 


One Academic Award 
One Music Award 

Further details on entry to St. Anne’s 
or Awards are available from : 

The Headmaster, St. Anne's School, 
Windermere, Cumbria LA23 1NW. 

quoting ret AH367/IMcK/n; stating post 
concerned, to: Appointments Officer, 
Overseas Development Administration, 
Boom 3S2, Abercrombie House, Eagtesham 
Road. EAST KILBRIDE, Glasgow GTS 8EA. 
Or telephone 03852 41190, extension 3528 

or 3435. 


Rritam helping nnfirame tn Mp Hiw n n A h ip ^ 


The holder of the position wifi at the same time in a personal union be 

mm B%jk«i#4 M««k Curl a fi i *•**-■• * ■ - n r ■ ■ *i *. 

necessary equipment, there Is a sound basis for qualified material 
testing and research in civil engineering. 

Applicants should be excellently qualified In theory and practice and 
should possess the necessary executive qualifies. 

Applications Including curriculum vitae, resume of professional 
experience, list of publications and lectures as well as references 
should reach the Chairman of the Appointment Committee Prof.Dr.- 
tng., Dr.-lng.Eh^ Jorg Schfalch, Institut fflr Massivbau, Universrtat 
Stuttgart, PfaffenwatdrnTg 7, D 7000 Stuttgart 80, FRGenmany, by 6th 
February 1987. 



EFL teacher 
required for 
January in evening 
academy tor 
children aged 

Phone: 01-993 3359, 




Applications are invited for the post of 
Assistant Technology Transfer Officer, 
tenable for 3 years in the first instance. 
This is a new post to meet increased de- 
mand for Technology Transfer and links 
with Industry. The successful candidate 
will be required to carry out a wide range of 
duties to facilitate Technofogy Transfer be- 
tween the University and Industry. 

Candidates should be graduates, prefera- 
bly to Science, Engineering and/or 
Business Studies, and should have rele- 
vant experience hi industry and/or 
commerce. Some knowledge of University 
administration is desirable but not 

Salary on Administrative Grade II scale: 
£12,280 - £1 5.700 pA 

Further particulars and application forms 
from the Registrar, University of Warwick, 
Coventry CV4 7AL (0203 523627) quoting 
Ref. No. 20/B/S8/J. 

Closing date 26th January 1987. 


Bittner brings 
lean spell to 
an end 

Hunersioder. Austria (Reu- 
ter) — Annin Bittner became 
tnc first West German to win 
an Alpine World Cup slalom 
race since 1979 when be edged 
out the Yugoslav veteran, 
Bpjan Krizaj, to capture first 
place yesterday. 

The 22-year-old jumped 
pom third place after the first 
left to dock a combined time 
of Imin 50. Msec 

But Kriay's finish wmp) 
him first place, ahead of 
Sweden's Ingemar Stenmark, 
in the overall World Cup 
slalom standings, with 69 
points. Bittner is now third. 

Stenmark foiled to add to 
his current 60 points in the 
overall slalom standings after 
dropping out in the first leg. 

slavia: Yugoslavs Bojan Kri- 
zaj and Rok Petrovic swept to 
the first two places in the 

20,000 ecstatic 

home supporters on Saturday 
(Reuter reports). 

It was the seventh slalom 
win of Krizaj's career. 
Petrovic, the World Cup sla- 
lom champion, finished one 
jdace ahead of Stenmark, the 
World Cup slalom standings 
leader. But die Swiss and 
Italians had poor fortune, and 

for the first time this season. 

(Reuter) — Erika Hess kept 
the Swiss firmly in control of 
the women's Alpine World 
Cup with her 21st slalom 
victory in a career which she 
has hinted might finish at the 
end of theseason. She beat her 
compatriot, Brigitte Oertli, 
into second place yesterday. 

Hess, aged 24,' needed ski n 
and staying power on a course 
on which 51 of the 81 starters 
failed to complete the first leg. 

Tamara McKinney, from 
the United Slates, straddled a 
gate and made a first-leg exit, 
and now shares ber lead m the 
slalom table with Oertli. Hess 
is just one point behind them. 

• Maria Walliser, the reigning 
overall Alpine World Cup 
champion, overturned a first- 
leg deficit of 0.68sec to win the 
women's giant slalom at 

trailed Spam's Blanca Feraan- 
dez-Ochoa after the first leg, 
but a superb second ran,, 
coupled to a bad mistake by 
the Spanish woman, reversed 
the places. 

The Swiss, who have won 
all but two of the technical 
events this season, took four 
of the first five places. Michele 
Figini was third, followed by 
Vreni Schneider and Oertli. 

i : fy 

1 i f I 

;• * 

foiled to finish in thetop 10 V^niSchneidcTandO Hi ' 


Skill and staying power. Erika Hess on ber way to her 21st slalom ^ 

K. m • , ' • • 9 . 

" • t " . m 



his voice 

By Pat Butcher 
Athletics Correspondent 

Another class victory by Tim 
Hutchings, this lime in the 
International Athletes* Club 
event in Cardiff yesterday, win 
add weight to Kis criticism of 
British selection policy for the 
world track and field champion- 
ships in Rome next gmimee. 

Hatchings, who will be going 
for the - world championship 
5,000 metres, heard, this -week 
foat Jack Bodmer has been pre- 
selected and that the British 
Amateur Athletic Board are 
guaranteeing another place out 
of the three possibles for any 
British athlete finishing first or 
second in the European Cup in 
Prague two -months before 

After beating Ireland's Dave 
Taylor by 80 metres in the HFG- 
sponsored race over a tight 
course around the grounds of 
Cardiff Castle^ Hutchings 
voiced the opinion of many 
people c onc e rni ng the selection 
pohey' when be said: 'The 
European Cup is a bit of a 
nothing event nowadays. . . It 
looks as if the -British board 'are 
doing this to ensure they get a 
goodturnout in France. It might 
be valid for some events, but not 
for rite 5,000 metres, when they 
are guaranteeing selection on 
the basis of one race, when the 
world championships consist of 
a heat, ‘semi 1 and tfiai This is a 
matter, we shaD ce rtainl y talk 
about at the next IAC com- 
mittee meeting.** 

Hutchings’s cri tici sm is all the 
more valid for his two third 

runner in the world at the 
moment. He’s strong and fast.” 

And that was appreciation 
from a man who was having his 
own best run since winning this 
race when it was last held at 
Crystal Palace, in 1982. The 
reason for his sudden resur- 
gence, Taylor thinks, is his 
definitive move back to Dublin 
after several years of commuting 
to the west coast of the United 

. Auspicious as the surround- 
ings were, the course was a little 
too tight for SO runners. * A 
steady start on a one-kilometre 
switchback resulted in many 
class athletes being trapped in 
the middle of the field and then 
playing dodgems to work their 
way through on the next seven 

RESULT* Man (8km): 1. T HuteNixp 
*<Erigt25iflin5saf£2 l DTaytor{frel,2S;iS; 
STCThackery (Erg), ZfcM. Marfa hat 
1. Mmt 2. Wales;! Northern Mend. 

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(Malone). G 


possess fine backhand strokes 


Chn ■& A J MMta, R CoiUaosuJ C 
Dunum, j j Fitter. a □ racnoaaa. A 
M Sea 

Royal Holloway and Bedford 

pmk c j Mile. 

University College 
gw fa A BontMU: S M Brady :A-m 
n«wie« m PfurraJ H Stuart-Sjyrjv 
H 6 Tctik; s L winumr. k m Wolf. 

AM Flmey: 
Fryart R N 



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Precocious North have 
a style that could be 
the late Eighties model 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

North 34 

London . — 

The last time North won a 
divisional championship Eng- 
land had just won the grand 
sLam and North were full of 
old heads and experience.Six 
years later North are cham- 
pions again and are full of 
precocious talent playing in a 
style which could be a model 
for rugby in the late Eighties 
and which reflects immense 
credit on David Robinson, 
their coach. 

They took the Thom EMI 
trophy at Sudbury on Sat- 
urday. thrusting London to 
the bottom of the divisional 
heap by scoring two goals, four 
tries and two penalty goals to a 
goal. And in doing so they 
posed a pretty problem for the 
national selectors, who met in 
Leicester on Saturday evening 
to decide on a revised national 
squad; whether to believe the 
evidence of the championship 
and promote players whose 
normal round is Sheffield. 
Durham University and Dur- 
ham City, or to go for the first- 
class club experience of Bath. 
Wasps or Leicester. 

Nonh were helped on Sat- 
urday by the withdrawal from 
London's front row of 
Rendall — whose damaged 
hamstring makes him doubt- 
ful for Barbarians on Sat- 
urday — and an injury in the 
first quarter to Probyn. who 
strained medial knee liga- 
ments but did not go off until 
the thiTd quarter. 

Bui they played such a fluid 
game that the set- pieces did 
not assume the importance 
[hey normally do in the Eng- 
hsn game; they completely 
dominated the loose ball. 
Winter bottom having a mar- 
vellous match, and their backs 
went to town. 

“Wc wanted to do this 
before but we never had the 
ball,” Rob Andrew said. What 
a , joy to see an English 
midfield running straight and 
timing their passes, with two 
such clinical finishers on the 
wings as Harrison and Under- 
wood. Both scored two tries, 
Harrison thrusting himself 
right back into contention for 
an England place even if be 
joked afterwards about retir- 
ing so as to keep his 100 per 
cent record as a captain this 

North's backs com- 
plemented the work of their 
pack, who looked no less 
effective without SyddalL 
whose hamstring injury kept 
him oul The same injury 
removed Langford from full 
back before the game. A 
recurrence of glandular trou- 
ble affected Coldough and 
Simon Smith, the Wasps wing, 
injured his back in training 
The visiting backs made the 
most of seasonal gifts, too, 
Underwood running tack 
Smith’s missed touch-finder 
after London's only heel 
against the head and Harrison 
scoring the first try. 

North's scrum held together 
effectively (they scrambled 
three balls against the head), if 
at times illegally when Peters 
lowered his side; they won ball 

No identity crisis 
for the Midlands 

By Gordon Allan 

Midlands — 
Southwest — 



They talk about players in the 
divisional championship having 
difficulty identifying with any- 
thing so vague as a division. The 
gist of the matter is: do they 
perform better when the team is 
called Harlequins than they do 
when it is called Stockbroker 

It did not seem to be a 
problem for the Midlands at 
Leicester on Saturday, despite 
their two recent defrats. If they 
had played under the name 
Corby New Town Casuals they 
would still have won. Last 
season I dubbed them Manteirs 
Marauders, and they marauded 
so effectively again that they 
beat the South West by a goal 
and four penalty goals to a try 
and two penalties. 

With a mixture of hard tack- 
ling and bold running, they saw 
lo u that the South West never 
developed any pattern or 
rhythm. They had no inferiority 
complex about those vaunted 
Bath forwards, in tight or loose, 
and Cusworth. faithfully served 
by Moon, distributed the ball to 
bis backs with the hand and eye 
of a master, besides scoring a 
peach of a try. 

Hill sent out fine passes and 
Bames kicked long distances bnt 
they were unable, and some- 
times apparently unwilling, to 
bring the South West backs into 
the picture. Bames took a knock 




Liverpool /St Helens main- 
tain their splendid first season of 
amalgamation (David Hands 
writes). They came back from a 
12-3 deficit to beat Rosslyn 
Park at Roehampion 15-12 in 
one of the three John Smith’s 
merit table B games played. 
After the Park back row had 
dominated the first half. Liv- 
erpool's dominated the second, 
Morris setting up a try for 
Wellans to go with two penalties 
and a conversion for Simms. 
Williams, who has moved in 
from wing to stand-off half after 
Jeffrey's recruitment to rugby 
league, dropped the winning 

Richmond, who beat Park a 
week earlier, disposed of 
Black heath 28-6 to maintain 
their third place in the B table. 
Holman, Kenningham and 
Heaton scored Iheir ines. and 
Drane, back at stand-off kicked 
two each of conversions, pen- 
alties and drop goals. 

London Welsh, in contrast, 
got their first merit table win by 
recovering from a 1 2-4 deficit to 
beat London Irish 19-12 at 
Sunbury. Malucci and Cooke 
confounded Welsh superiority 
with tries that were finally 
overcome by Douglas ( two), and 
Greg Thomas. 

• If comparative results can be 
trusted. Saturday confirmed 
Waterloo's pre-eminence in cur- 
rent Northern rugby (Michael 
Stevenson writes). While they 
were demolishing Roundhay 3o- . 
3. OrreU were struggling to beat 
Wakefield by 16-10, while only 
a couple of weeks ago Waterloo 

took 50 points off Wakefield. 

Morley have had an excellent 
record in the Merit Table C but 
had no one but themselves to 
blame for their defeat at the 
hands ofPfymootii Albion. They 
lost 10-14 (a uy and two 
penalties to two tries and two 
penalties) but their goal kicker. 

Kayzer. missed six.kickable 

chances. Harrogate's improved 
form continues. They enter- 
tained Hartlepool Rovers, ca^- 
mg a 14-14 draw, and Sandal 
achieved a club record by 
beating West Leigh 7*0 for their 
16th successive win 

on his left leg in the second half 
and finished the match with less 
than 100 per cent mobility. 
Egerton and Redman, the best 
of the South West forwards, 
were overshadowed by the tikes 
of Richards, Wells and Orwin. 

The South West had a breeze 
in their favour in the first half 
and, with a penally by Barnes 
and a try by Martin on the blind 
side of a scrum, against two 
penalties by Hodgkfnson, led 7- 
6 at the interval. Martin would 
have scored earlier, on an 
overlap, but the pass went 
behind him. The most signifi- 
cant fact of this half though, 
was that the Midlands did not 
budge an inch at scrums on their 

The Midlands try came 
shortly after half-time. Orwin 
broke away from a short line-out 
on halfway and the ball went 
across the field, through Wells 
and Richards, to Cusworth, who 
opened a gap with a dummy and 
scored near the posts. The rest 
was mainly scrappiness and 
penalties, apart from disallowed 
tries by Evans and Martin. 
SCORERS: lUtond* Try: Cusworth. 
Conversion: Hodgkinsoa Penalties: 
Hodqtaraon (4). Snath West: Try: Marti. 
Penstoea: Bames (2L 
MIDLANDS (Nottingham unless stated): S 
** on; B Evans (Leicester). 8 
M Hartford, J Goodwin 
L Cusworth (Leicester), R 
Moon; L Johnson (Coventry). B Moore, G 
Pearce (Northampton), J Wata (Lefcas- 
Mrj. N Mantel, J Orwta (Bedford). 0 Raws, 

D Rfcftarda (Lelceetnr). 

SOUTH WEST (Beth unless sta te d): J 
Webb (Bristol]; A SwtfL S HaflUay, R 
Kitibbs (Bristol, C Martin; S Bam, R 
Hffl; R Leo, G Djmw, G CUcotk J Gadd 
(GSoucflatari. J Montane, N Redman, A 
Hofakwon, O Egarton. 

Retefoe: C Wgh (Lancashire). 

at the lineout by using Wil- 
kinson and Macfartane to 
avoid the towering O’Leary 
and their halves constantly 
forced London into retreat. 
Holmes has had a splendid 
championship; be has speed 
off the mark, he constantly 
exposed London's blind-side 
defence and he shrewdly left 
the tactical kicking to Andrew. 
Not the least of Andrew's 

g ifts is the ability to pressure 
is opposite number. He is a 
much more physical player — ■ 
he was penalized once for a 
tale tackle — and his other 
important concern is to 
straighten his line. 

Once he had achieved that 
he could give Simms and 
Carling their head; and how 
well they played. Carling 
showed speed and decision 
going into the gap and he is 
strong enough to stand up in 
tackles until his support ar- 
rives. His passing must make 
him a joy to play outside and 
with Williams adding a deft 
touch in attack, (though not so 
deft in defence) North’s tri- 
umph was complete. 

Playing into the sun and 
wind in the first half, they led 
14-6 at the interval. London 
owing their six points to a long 
kick by Lozowski which Wil- 
liams was slow to field and 
dear, his kick arriving at the 
same time as Offiah, who 
smartly seized the ball and 
stretched over the line. Wil- 
liams might be said to have 
gained his revenge, a perfect 
head-on tackle removing Off- 
iah from the game with five 
minutes left. 

Andrew played an im- 
portant role in North’s next 
two tries with both hand and 
loot and Harrison was only a 
metre short of a third after 
Carling's forceful break. 

Any hopes London bad of a 
revival died in the first minute 
of the second half when 
Smith’s chip went straight to 
Winterbottom and the feed 
sent Underwood to the line. 

Another perfect pass from 
Carting gave Underwood his 
second try, the ability of 
North's backs to pass under 
pressure remaining a feature 
of the game. 

Macfartane, who made an 
impressive debut at this level. 

Smash-and-grab at Sudbury: Underwood does the smashing and Offiah the grabbing as the former goes for his second try. (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Wind cuts through Loveridge 
Cwmtillery hopes ins P ire . s 


Bristol show merit 
in every phase 

By Gerald Davies 



Cwmtillery, the only junior 
district side left in the 
Schweppes Welsh Cup not di- 
rectly affiliated to the Welsh 
Rugby Union, felt hopeful of a 
favourable result 

They had lost only one match 
this season while their oppo- 
nents had lost 14. They were on 
their own patch which, one or 
two of their supporters were 
happy to point out with a wry 
smile beforehand, was a yard or 
two short of the required width. 
Training had gone well and a 
couple of former first-class stal- 
warts had relumed home to give 
a helping hand. 

Quite a lot then seemed to be 
going for the Gwent village side. 
But a hefty wind knifed its way 
down the valley, one which 
could cuta man to the bone, and 
was destined also to cut the 
game, need I say, into two 

collected the last try from a' halves. 

five-metre scrum drive and if “°k ** resw it," 

said the man. holding his bat s 
brim dose to his nose "on the 
toss of the coin**, it haul, quite 

Andrew had collected his 
usual percentage of goals the 
tally would have neared 50. 

SCORERS: North: Trier Harrison (2). 
Underwood (ZJL Simms. Mactartane. 
Conventions: Andrew (2). P—Hfoi- An- 
drew^ London: Try: Often. Convention: 

LONDON (Wasps i*tess stated): N 
stringer M Offiah (Rosslyn ParicXrep: R 
Pefciw), J Salman (HartequbaL R 
LoznwshL M Btotav: S M SmMi (Rich- 
mond). S Bates; P Essanhigh 
(Biockheetfi), A Simmons, J Probyn (rep: 
J Kingston. HariequHaL K Mooo, C 
Ptanogar. S Otmiy, M Rigby. M Rosa. 
NORTH: P VKKams (OrreU); M Humana 

T K Simms (Wasps), W Coiling 

University). R Underwood 
R Andrew (Wasps). D Holmes 
M WMteomte (Bedford), M 
C4y). S PeUrsJWatar- 
(Safli). N wsfctoeaa 
D Cue aid (OrreU). P 
i (Heading ley). A M a cf ariaaa 


(Moras: l Buderama (EastMdtanda). 

LEAGUE: Bury St Edmunds 12. Coi- 
chostar 17; Ipswich 9, Norwich 4; 
Stemmarket 12, Campion 31; Was! Nor- 
ton 12, Ctengtord M; Woodford 18. 
Sudbury 13. 

simply, despite all the coaching 
and the fervour, boiled down to 
that. If Cwmtillery had a chance 
of winning they had to win the 
toss, the sagacious sages said. 
“Wc want the wind in the 
second half. .' . blowing us down 
to the town." They were, of 
course, as should be expected of 

such people, absolutely right. 
Cwmtillery needed the con- 
fidence such anticipation would 
give in order to play well in the 
first half. The match was won in 
the dressing-room. 

By calling the coin. Ray Giles 
made certain that it was not the 
only thing be was to win. He 
would defend the town in the 
first half and slip easily towards 
it in the second. They won in the 
end by five goals and a try to a 

The home side did their best 
and spent the first 15 minutes 
pluckily attacking Aberavon's 
line. Paul kicked them into the 
lead with a penalty. Then 
Fauvel. O'Callaghan and Wigley 
look effective control of the 
match so that Giles could win 
them the game. He was the 
mainspring of everything they 
did. In a 10-minute spell they 
scored three tries through 
Devonald, Peter Jones and Grif- 
fiths, two of which Lewis 

The home team lost their 
captain, Burgham, and Paul had 
to play at scrum halfbut all hope 
had already gone. 

SCORERS: Cwra MSw y : Penally: N Paul. 
Abanwxe Trias: j DmmakL P Jones. J 
GifflBhs.P Thomas (2). D Wigley. Comier- 
sionsR M Lewis (5). 

CWMTILLERY: ti Pant K Merwtth, A 
Btako. K Anon, P Davies; L Davies. J 
Burgham (rep: M Stokosk B Cnpps. G 
Plnoeci. M Calms (rep: P Chapman), G 
t, H Evans. M Greaves. C Howells. 

By Nicholas Keith 

By Peter Dixon 

Bristol 39 

Harlequins 25 Leicester 9 


Cooper, I 

ABERAVON: JGrtffltfo;P Jones. S Jones, 
J DBvonau. R DJplock: M Lewis. R OSes: 
D Joseph, B James, P Thomas. D W 
M Watts. A Marw, O'Calaghan.T Fa 
Referee C Thomas (NeatnL 

A shining example 

By Ryan Stiles 




Triumph for running 
and handling game 

By Michael Stevenson 



.. ..23 

Headingley's Northern Merit 
table victory over Sale at 
Brooklands on Saturday by a 
goal, two tries and three pen- 
alties to a goal, two tries and iwo 
penalties was not just a victory 
for the dub. It was a triumph for 
running-and-handling rugby 
footbalL , 

Both sides had balf of their 
firsl -choice players absent for 
various reasons and there were 
two replacements. Nevertheless 
the game flowed admirably, 
especially when the Headingley 
backs were operating, and it was 
their devout wish to keep the 
ball alive whenever possible that 
distinguished them from their 
opponents, who regularly cut 
inside to cany play back into the 

There were two outstanding 
performances for Sale. Their 
young No. 8, Kenrick, was 
mag nificent and their fine wing, 
Hugh Thomas, perhaps the 
fastest in the North, scored three 

Even so. the games most 
accomplished performance 

came from the winners, for 
whom Eagle, the Headingley 
right wing, had a scintillating 
match after a long lay-off caused 
by hamstring trouble. 

It was 10-10 at half-time. 
Thomas's first try from a chip 
by Rafferty was immediately 
followed by slick chain-passing 
and a try from Eagle, two wetf- 
struck penalties by Roberts, 
sandwiching a second try by 
Thomas, which was made by 
Kenrick and Campbell, and was 
converted by Gee. 

A brilliant drive by Kenrick 
and lobbed pass made No. 3 for 
Thomas but there the good news 
ended for Sale. A penalty and 
the conversion of a try by the 
full back Appleson was followed 
by a brilliant individual try by 
Eagle. Sale’s only other score 
was a tale penalty by Gee. 
SCOHBtS: Sale: Triwc H Thomas (3). 
Conversion: Gea. Penalties: Gao 

auK Roberts {3L 

SALE: P Gee: H TTramas. P StansfieM, D 
PoSard, H Benjamin: Q Rafferty. C 
Campbell; E Bassett. A Simpson. M 
Cafery. H Kovaks. I BuUough. MTtmnas. 
M Hamfltan (rep: N. GoRnsyt, M Kanrtck. 
HEADINGLEY: M Appleson; M Joyce (rep: 
G Tieece), P Johnson. S Bniggnr. J Eagle; 
S Roberts. A Tunon; A Thmdercfltie. T 
Smelter. A Macfol. K Hmgms, B Green. I 
Taytar. N Harpaaves. R SbUcJOl 
R aferoe: P Drake (Bristol Society). 

Gowerton bad their moment 
in the sun — but it was fleeiifig. 
Their hopes flickered brightly 
but fitfully before they were 
sunk by the superior technique 
and fitness of opponents who 
won through comfortably into 
the third round of the 
Schweppes Welsh Cup. 

Gowerton bad travelled opt- 
imistically from the West, foil of 
bravado and wily sirategems, 
but they succumbed by five tries 
and two penalties to one try. 

They had banked on the long 
accurate touch-finding of Grif- 
fiths at stand-off half and the 
power of their burly centres, 
Williams and Simons, to punc- 
ture the Newbridge defence. 
Unfortunately their forwards 
could not win enough clean 
possession. Instead, the Gow- 
enon midfield were called on 
constantly lo use their consid- 
erable destructive powers and 
they were seen at their best as 
they crash-tackled the bean out 
of many a promising Newbridge 

Despite the thorough drub- 
bing the Gowerton forwards 
were given by the predominant 
Newbridge eight, they stuck 
gamely to their thankless task 
right to the end and lived 


London 8 North 34 

Midhinds 18 Southwest 10 

Final table 

P W 0 L F A PtS 
North 3 3 0 0 72 34 6 

Southwest 3 1 0 2 33 34 2 

MMands 3 1 0 2 43 45 2 

London 3 1 0 2 10 54 2 


London Irish 

excitedly on the scraps that 
came their way. 

Newbridge’s biggest failing 
was that their kickers could 
convert none of their five tries. 
Three fairly simple penally 
chances were missed before 
goal-kicking attempts were 

The commendable 

Newbridge No. 8. Taylor, 
scored the opening try and 
penalty goals by Williams and 
Bow gave Newbridge a 10-0 lead 
at the interval. Thomas and 
Collins added tries before Hay- 
ward collected Gowerton's only 
score, a wd I -constructed try. As 
Gowerton tired in the last 
quarter Bow and Thomas ran in 
the final tries. 

SCORERS: Newbrhfow: Tries: Taylor. 
Thanes (2L Conns, Sow. Penalty Goafs: 
VWibams. Bow. Gowerton: Try: Hayward. 
NEWBRIDGE: W Bow; A Thomas. S 
Crandon, I Gosin, D Hussey; P WUans, L 
Dames; N Foote, R Clayton, M SibthorpQ, 
P Jones, fi Snath. S Hams (rap: TCottajs). 

S James. H Taylor (rap: J Hanson) 
GOWERTON: M Rees; R Symes. J 
WHteira. M Shura, K Hayward; R 
Griffiths, C Davies; G Lloyd. L Evans, J 
Knox, A Lews. D Richards, N Dairies, G 
Erens. R Green. 

Referee: HJIWeanglanaEV 

• The draw for the third round 
of the Schweppes Cup com- 
petition to be played on Sat- 
urday, January 24: 

Pontypridd v South Wales Police; 
Maesteg v Swansea; Carcfefl v Uanharan; 
Bridgend v B>bw Vale; Newport v Urwer- 
stty Coaege, Swansea; Pomypool v 
Aberavon; Neeth v Llanelli; Glamorgan 
Wanderers v Newbridge. 

Comfortable though their vic- 
tory was in the end. Harlequins 
made heavy weather of dispos- 
ing of what was effectively 
Bath's second team at the Stoop 
Memorial Ground on Saturday. 

With almost their whole first 
team on'duty in the Thorn -EMI 
divisional championship and 
Palmer out injured. Bath were 
laced with a tall order against a 
side leading the John Smith's 
Merit Table A and with IS wins 
out of 1 8 matches already under 
their belL 

Although Harlequins were 
missing Salmon, also to the 
divisional championship, and 
Rose through injur', the mere 
presence of Loveridge at scrum 
half is enough to lift any side. 
The former All Black did not 
disappoint. His passes, feist and 
accurate, gave Thompson 
plenty of time at stand-off to 
launch his backs on a series of 
raids and when be chose to kick 
he invariably caused his oppo- 
nent problems. 

For Bath’s understudies, how- 
ever, the match provided the 
chance to take centre stage. 
Totally un intimidated by their 
more experienced opposite 
numbers, the backs tackled su- 
perbly and counter-attacked 
with confidence. In the for- 
wards, Cronin, a lock, was 
outstanding. Big and fast, he 
dominated the lineout 

Yet despite Bath’s resistance. 
Harlequins always had the edge. 
After Garrett had levelled the 
scores at 3-3 with a penalty 
following Cue's fifteenth minute 
dropped goal, the hosts were 
never again behind. At half-time 
they Jed 7-3, although with 
Garrett’s three penalty attempts 
and a conversion going begging, 
they should have been 

Garrett increased the lead 
with another penalty 1 3 minutes 
into the second half, but Burr's 
converted try after Blackett's 
solo run on the left wing cut the 
deficit to one point. 

Both sides were playing fast, 
open rugby, running the ball 
from all angles. There were 
inevitably mistakes, but it was 
joyous to watch as the wings and 
foil backs took advantage of 
ideal conditions to stretch their 

With 15 minutes to go. how- 
ever, Harlequins finally started 
to puD away. Garren landed 
another penally before Smith 
and Dent, the two centres, 
crossed the line for well-worked 

.SCORER& Hte rtoqi fl ns: Tries: Garrett, 
Sitetti, Den. Converteora; Garrett (2). 
Penalties; Garrett (3). Bath: Try: Burr. 
Converaon: Cue. Penalty; Cue. 
HARLEQUINS: M Garrett S Hunter. A 
Dent C Snutri. E Davies; A Thompson, D 
Loveridge; P Curtis. B Gagg, M HoMey, P 
Ashwonn. N O'Brien, M Blanchard, E 
Weekas.0 Cooke. 

BATH A Janes; G Stanton. B Candy, J 
GuscatL P Blacken; P Cue. S Knight C 
La ley, J Deane. C Foftand, C Btako. □ 
Cronin. K WHhey. A Burrr. C Bevan. 
Referee: A Mason. 

It was soon obvious why 
Leicester had this game de- 
mented. Yet nothing must be 
taken away from Bnstol, who 
badly needed to win and 
eclipsed Leicester in every 

Bristol scored eight tries and 
could have finished in the 30s if 
Woodman’s kicking had been 
serviceable - he missed six and 
raised his aim to the crowd at 
the two he kicked — if he had 
not dropped die ball as he went 
over once and if the home 
centres had always kept the ball 

In the pack the front three 
won handsomely, taking several 
heels against the head. Skuse 
monopolized the lineouts and 
Dun was everywhere in the 
loose. Behind them, Harding 
showed a refreshing eagerness to 
spin the ball, often missing his 
stand-off half and inside centre. 

The headlines were writ huge 
on the wall for Leicester after 12 
minutes when Bogira had scored 
a rare try. Thomas had kicked a 

penally and Hare had been 
caught under his posts to let in 
Woodman on the left. 

Then Harding scored twice; 
the second try was the best of the 
match as he exchanged passes 
with Dun up the right-hand side. 
Woodman convened Pomp- 
hrey's try from a tap penalty to 
make the score 23-0 ai half-time. 

There was little change in the 
second half, even after the 
departure of Polledri in the 
ninth minute and Pomphrey 
moved to the back row. Wood- 
man scored another try after a 
series of assaults and convened 
one by Watson before Hare 
opened Leicester's account with 
a penalty. Carr closed Bristol’s 
and Marriott scored belatedly 
for Leicester in injury time with 
a conversion by Hare. 

SCORERS: Bristol: Tries Woodman (Z). 
Homing (2), Bogira. Pomphrey. Watson, 
Carr. Canversioaa: Woodman (2L Pen- 
afty: Thomas. Leicester Try: Marriott. 
Conversion: Hare. Penalty: Hare. 
BRISTOL: B Whitehead; J Carr. J Watson. 
G Williams, D Woodman; G Thomas. R 
Harding; C Philips. K Bogiro. D Hickey. A 
Dun. N Pomphrey, M Skuse. P Potedn 
(rap: P Adams). P CoNng& 

LEICESTER: W Hare; K wafiams, I Bams, 
T Butt more. C Dexter; j Hams. N Youngs: 
R French. H Roberts. W Richardson, A 
Marriott, M RjuUjos-Amold. D Smith, R 
TeDbutL M Charles. 

Referee: D Hudson (Manchester). 

Codomiou Edinburgh 
inspires must pull 
Toulouse socks up 

Toulouse's stream of talented 
three quarters - even keeping 
Bonneval’s outstanding, fin- 
ishing power on the bench and 
still winning by four tries to 
none against Wests, from Bris- 
bane - will be the Romanian 
club Constanta’s biggest head- 
ache in tomorrow's Masters 
dub final (Chris Thau writes). 

Co ns lan la. who beat A gea. 
another French club. 10-3 in the 
other semi-final through a goal 
and try to one French penalty, 
will have to find a way to 
contain Codomiou and Charvci 
if they are to continue their 
giant-killing act. 

The creative genius of Cod- 
omiou has found fertile ground 
at Toulouse after his controver- 
sial transfer from Marborme at 
the beginning of the season. He 
proved the outstanding player in 
Toulouse's 27-3 over the Aust- 
ralians. Codomiou played a part 
in all the four tries by Noves, 
Rouge-Ttaomas, Rancoule and 
Charvel — ihe best being when 
he intercepted an Australian 
pass in the Toulouse 22 with 
clinical precision and missed 
Charvet out to find Noves. The 
wing then moved ihc ball inside 
to Charvet who out-sprinted the 
Australian defence. 

The Australian side, re- 
inforced by Calcraft. the Wal- 
laby flanker, despite their lack of 
match fitness, were Willing allies 
In an enthralling open game, but 
were overwhelmed by the 
French champions, who must 
now be heavy favourites tomor- 
row to overcome the Roma- 


39 Leicester 9 
Birkenhead Paris 26 London Scottish IB 

12 London Welsh 18 

Scanlon’s decisive try 

By David Hands 



Easte rn Counties ...» — 0 

A try by Martin Scanlon, their 
scrum half, brought Warwick- 
shire the National Westminster 
Bank Shield in the final of the 
colts county championship at 
Twickenham on Saturday. 

In a thoroughly sporting and 
enjoyable contest the strengths 
of both sides -at fonvard- 
tended to cancel each other oul, 
but the slight advantage won by 
Warwickshire, who played 
seven members of Ihc Barkers 
Butts club, was enough to keep 
Eastern Counties at arm’s 

length. , 

Scanlon s try came from a 
fivc-rnc:re scrum just before the 
interval and uiough the Coun- 
ties wvai straight Kick to force a 

series of attacking scrums, they 
were kepi out In the second half 
Joe Hancock, son of Andy, the 
scorer of a legendary England 
by against Scotland 21 years 
ago. was able to stretch his legs 
but. unlike his father, could not 
manage a decisive score. 

SCORER: Wanriduhfre: Try: Scanlon. 
WARWICKSHIRE: A Moffett tLeaminjs 
tow: R Lindsay (Sothul). J ffatsseti 
ISonhuH). A weiwood (LeKester). J 
Cockedll (Newtiold-on-Avon); I 

Tunn ies He (Barkers' Butts). M Scanlon 
markers' Butts); R Hardwick (Barkers’ 
Butts), M Brakes (LAcesteri, D Tabran 
(Barkers Butte), D drain (SoWnJn, J Hyde 
(Coventry), D Andrew fSarkere' Butts). R 
Cutaway (Barkers’ Butts). L Jones 









L Wolfit! 
Rosslyn Pk 
L Irish 

28 Backtoeth 
12 LpoolStH 



P W 
3 3 
7 7 

L F A 
0 84 21 
0 184 68 
2 148143 
2 76 55 
67 46 
37 66 
40 52 33.33 
63 87 3333 
39 59 25 

18 34 0 

48 110 0 

13 50 0 












Mel PoOcs 









Vale of Lues 
W Hartlepool 

15 Stroud 
6 Nottiaghara 
S3 Ceveatry 
23 Durham 
25 Bath 
47 Exeter 
ID Plymouth 
13 Wasps 

15 Maims* 

23 NewBitaMau 

16 WakofliM 
3 Waterloo 



35 FyMe 
38 Olley 
















Paulines 10. KCS OB 15; Otd Pefflamarts 
26. Old Johnans 6. 

Academy IB Armagh q. ctub Games: 
IrwtonranS 26. UCC 16; Rainey OB 3. 
Dungannon & Ards 15. Ponadown 9: City 
of Derry 13. NJFC 4; Malone 17. Oontarf 
12. Cotegans 6. Bafiymena 24; Otd 
Wesley 4, CJYMS 4; St Mary's 10. Bangor 

NORTH: Club matches: Bam&kry 70. 


Second round 

S Payne (SudU 

(Fakenhamfc H 

Locke (Harkm). I 
and GP). 0 VtiKans 
(Bury St Edmunds). M Kent (Upper 
Clapton). R Craften (Harlow), C Terouck 
(Hatter), M Mata I Stafford). 

ReteM ATngg (London). 

bury): P Watts (l 
(Woodlord), G 1 
Hancock (Stafford); 
market), M Scott 
Coorntoe (Harlow). J 
Dun sion (Romford an 

Bitten Feny 
Cm* Key* 

S foSS 001 

d yaroui 




3 Abeiwea 



12 Maesrag 


BbwV H6 




g atn«sww 



41 Itaverterdweat 



26 Gowerton 




32 Btafoe 

12 Ltonharan 




9 S lSSfoa PeSsea 10 

PHI Harters 

D Bridgend 



46 Pcf rth 



17 Namyffyto 



12 LtaneN 



6 Pontypridd 




18 Moseley 


pnbMtiee 25 Roastoles 
aftton 1: Widnas, 25 Wigan 0. North Wes* 
Division h Rochdale 31 , Heaton Moor 0. 
ERN MERIT TABLE; Hentoy 7. Abbey 10; 
Reatatg 15. GuMlord and Godabnng a 
MEWT TABLE; Maidstone 18, Thurrock 4; 
Streatham/Croydon 16, Sticup & 
Beamans 18, Bishop's Stanford 3; 
Htfpenden 4, Old Abanians 4; Otd 
Ashmoteans 0. St Athens 6; Watford 29, 

EactHenc Cos** 6. 

ley 3. Madway 2& Chariton Park 7. 
Gmngham Ancnwuns 30; OW Coltetans 
54. Tonbridge 0. 

TABLE- CM Service 9. Hendon 31; 

9. Runup 6; Fmcniey 49, Osnriey 
Starnes 16, Twickennam 24. 
Marathon SO. AERE Harewel 0. 

Lewes 30. Worthing 20, Brighton 0. 
Brentwoods 16. Od Beabntans 6: CW 

, Uttiehotough ; . 
I Ik ley 23, Sheffield Tigers 3; tonians 3. 
Beverley 53: Knottralay 9, Pontefract 12: 
Market Rasan id, Marat 13; Old 
Crossfeyans 3. Rotherham 7; Old 
Hymerfans 10. Cleckheaton 0: 
PockBngton 9. York Rl 13. Scarborough 
12, York 13; Scunthorpe 6. Newark St 
Selby 4, Doncaster 14; Thome naans 11. 
Kagroey (J; Wheatley H*s 39, Grimsby 6; 
AstmxHjnder-Lyne 9, Bowflnn 13; Aspul 
32. Rusk* Park 7; Broughton Park 28, 
HaOtas 12; Caldy 7, Leigh 3: Camtortfl 1 B. 
Cartels B; Davenport 29, Wolverhampton 
13: Gk&sop 13, Eccses 10; Harrogate 14, 
Hartlepool Rovers 14; Huddersfod 6, 
Preston Grasshoppers 20; Hug and East 
RtOmi 12, MtdrSwWouQh 25; Lack 0, 
Condeton 3: Mid-Cnestwii Mm 4. 
Sarotech S; Mold 32. Old In s tonana 0: 
OH Aiawitwn* 11. Blackpool 16; Old 
Badtans 19. Moore ft Seogtey Park 12. 
Lymm 11; West Park 15. Manchester ift 
Whitehaven 9, waters ift W4mskw 19. 
Stoke ift winningRm Park 26. CM 

match e s: Asteans 27. Puriev 6; Bank of 
England 19. Old Reedonians 0. Benereea 
Ironsides 13. Bee OB tl; Bettesfonger 
CW 22, Deal Wanderers ft Bournemouth 
4. Bristol Utd 14. Burgess M 26. East 
Gmstead lift Cainberfey 13. Easttetai 6: 
Centaurs 40. FeBham 6: Cttipsresd 0. 
Bognor 1ft Darttonkans 22. Sevenaaks 6; 

Staley Wanderers ?&,&tner 7 Guy's 

Hosp 9; Esher XV 6. Quintui 2l: Grass- 
hoppers 12. Old Msadoruans 6; Graves- 
end 27. Old BrocWeans 15; Greenwich 
22. Redbridge 7: Hammersmith and 
Fulham 6, Old Istawonrwns 22; Harmgey 
28, Old Tottomans 6; Harlow 34. Welwyn 
ft Harrow 7.Aylest)ury 18; Havant 45. 
Gosport and Fsrotam 3-.. Hartford 4, 
Southend 3: High Wycombe 29. Windsor 
3; HAC 21. Bari's Hosp 14; Hemal 
Hempstead 14. Oxford OB 25: Hltchln 
7 .Cambridge 2i; Lmgraon Buzzard 10. 
Cheshunt 18. London New Zealand a. 
Rosslyn Park XXX dub T 4, Maidenheads. 
Marlow 12; Mocfom 37, Lloyds Bank 6; 
Met Police II 7, Tabard 25: Nat West Bank 
IB. Folkestone 31; Newbury 19. Old 
Emanuel 4. Newmarket 22, Harwich 6; Old 
AbaoistarVans 33. Phoenix ft Old 
Aleyruans 23. Brentwood 6; Old 
Beccehamians 16. Tunbndge wefls 19: 
Old Camabnqians 3, Saffron Walden 4; 
DM Croydonians 4, Old Wafcotmbans 54; 
Old Edwanfians, Romford 30, Ilford 
wanderers 7; OW Freemen 12, Rayrtes 
Park 23; Old Ga womans 33, Fuflenans 7; 
OkJ GravesendianS'9, Ashford 15; DM 
Juddtans *2. Hastens and BexhN ft OH 
Haberdashers 22, Old MiUHAans ft OH 
Hamprontans 27. OH Cranlelghara 11; 
Old Kmgsbunans 16. 0w Elizabethans 

S 4; OMT 16, Upper Oapton ft Ok) 
ns 16, 0k) Mid-Whitgtftians 9; Old 
ins 18. Lensbury 1 1 Old Tiffimans 
6. OH Blues 21; Ok) VorUB/wana 28. 
Reycun ft OH westetfflens 21, Bancroft 
ft OM Wtutrtftians 27. wartnqham 13; OH 
wanWedoruans 10, John Fisher 08 ft 
Oxford 37. Sofctafl 8; RosslYriPark XV 13. 
Sudbury Court 30: Rtaeth Manor OB 18. 
Starnes 1ft Salisbury 17, Portsmouth 4, 
Sidcup Ex 1st 6. Merton 1ft Southampton 
11. LUtbrook 7; Srackwood Park 10, 
Lsrcnwortti ft DCS OB 26, Battereea 
Nonsvses ft Unwersny Vgnd^s 10, Otfl 
Thamesians 6; Uptarsttr 13. 0W 
Grammarians 6. Uxbndga 3. Slough ft. 
Viqo 3, Thanat Wanderers 19; Wanslead 
0 ,'Mh Pafica iCtvgweH' 3i; w««0mbe 
Park 0, Sunon and epswn <; Wheattev 7, 
Bui-tmgnam 9: WflmUedon 9. Crawley ID: 
Wimbome 30. Troans ft Winchester 6. 
Atari 13. 

By Ian McLaochlan 

Edinburgh beat Anglo-Scots 
by 17-10 and set ihc m selves up 
for next Saturday's decider in 
the McEwan's inter-district 
championship against South of 
Scotland. In perfect conditions 
at Myreside the visitors started 
off briskly, Patterson-Brown 
opening the scoring with a try 
after ) | minutes, following good 
nick ball from his forwards and 
Cushing's clever use of the blind 

Though struggling in the set 
scrum. Edinburgh were slowly 
gaining the upper band but were 
not helped by Gavin Hastings. 

• wbo was having an off day with 
his place-kicking. It was left to 
Wylie lo open the home account 
with a drop goal. After 38 
minutes Gavin Hastings ai last 
found his range with a penalty to 
put his side 6-4 ahead at the 

Edinburgh started the second 
half with more purpose. 
McAslan notched a try and gave 
Gavin Hastings another penalty 
to put the borne side comfort- 
ably ahead. With four minutes 
remaining, Edinburgh were 
attacking strongly but Fisken 
fumbled and Beozley, the 
Anglos' winger, showed skill 
and pace as he hacked and 
chased the ball from inside bis 
own 22 to score at the other end. 
Irvine convened. 

With some five minutes of 
injury time played, Gavin Has- 
tings won the race to a kick 
ahead for a try which made the 
result more respectable. 

For Edinburgh the twins, 
Finley and Jim CaJder. were 
again outstanding while the 
half-backs, Scott and Wiley, 
looked comfortable and used 
the pace of Scon Hastings and 
McAslan to good effect. A much 
better all-round performance 
will be required if they are to 
beat South of Scotland. 

Jn the other McEwan's inter- 
distnet game Glasgow defeated 
North and Midlands by 27-10. 
thereby leaving the highlanders 
with the wooden spoon. 

Glasgow opened the scoring 
through a MacGregor penalty 
after five minutes but Marshall 
equalized with a similar award 
two minutes later. The score 
remained tied until 37 minutes 
when ihe home forwards drove 
Busby, then Parker, over for two 
tries in three minutes. 
MacGregor converted the first 
to give his side a 13-3 lead. 

Two minutes inio the second 
period Robertson and Manning 
combined lo give Parker bis 
second try. which MacGrraor 
also converted. North and Mid- 
lands hit back briefly when a 
Macartney kick ahead let Troup 
in For a touchdown and Mar- 
shall kicked a penalty. Glasgow, 
however, finished on a high 
note, with Manning and 
MacGregor scoring tries. 




17 An^b Scots 10 
27 NendMidtanfta 10 




Chance for A Sure Row 
to confirm his potential 

By Mandarin A cracked shin-bone kept A 

nr l «, Suns Row off the racecourse 

with wayward Lad, Bads- after January until last month 
Mih Boy and The Mighty when he reappeared at 
ac all rapidly approaching Haydock. Looking very much 
* Monica Dickinson, their \ D nce d 0 fthe race, the seven- 
tute trainer, must be acutely year-old was for from dis- 

wonh Boy and The Mighty 
Mac all rapidly approaching 

12, Monica Dickinson, their 
astute trainer, must be acutely 

aware that the quality aid of graced in foiling to concede 
her steeplechasing team now weight to Bucko and King Jo. 

has a rather lop-sided look in 
terms of age. 

If the Harewood stable is to 
maintain its position as one of 
the leading chasing yards in 
the country, Mrs Dickinson 
will be looking to the tikes of A 
Sure Row, who runs at Kelso 
today, to fill the void which 
will be left when the afore- 
mentioned trio end their rac- 
ing days. 

A useful novice hurdler in 
1984, when trained by Sally 
Oliver, A Sure Row has ran 
only four times since being 
transferred to Harewood mid- 
way through the 1984-83 

The Saint Denys gelding 
won his only hurdle race for 
the stable at Wetherby in 
February of that season but 
-was switched to fences last 
season, when he created a 
most favourable impression in 
w inni ng his only races from 
good novice opposition at 
Bangor and Haydock. 

The runner-up and Johns 
Present, a distant fourth, have 
both won . their only sub- 
sequent starts while Bucko 
was stiQ going well in the SGB 
Chase nine days ago when 
foiling at the twelfth. 

A Sure Row feces experi- 
enced handi cappers in the 
Keilder Handicap Chase this 
afternoon but, with that 
promising Haydock run under 
his belt, it will be disappoint- 
ing if he cannot give weight 
and a beating to The Divider 
and Preben Fur. 

My other principal fancies 
at the Scottish track are Pat’s 
Jester (12.15) and Milesian 
Dancer (1.15) in the two 
novice hurdles. The latter ran 

particularly well to get within 
four lengths of the much- 
vaunted Randolph Race at 
Carlisle on Thursday and the 
fact that he runs again so soon 
looks significant 
Pat’s Jester, despite having 
won his previous race at Ayr, 

started a 20-1 shot for the 
Triumph Hurdle Trial at 
Cheltenham earlier this 
month but belted that price by 
finishing second to Ghofor. 
He faces a less demanding task 


AtTowcester, I will be most 
interested to see how Corbitt 
Coins fores on her chasing 
debut By Deep Run out of a 
Laurence O mare, she has 
always looked as if she would 
not come into her own until 
tackling fences. 

She is reported to have 
schooled particularly wen and, 
in receipt of 121b from Steel 
Yeoman, Corbitt Coins has an 
excellent opportunity to im- 
prove Fulke Walwyn’s already 
excellent record at the North- 
amptonshire trade in the first 
division of the Mistletoe 
Novices* Chase. 

None Too Dear, an impres- 
sive winner here last month, 
goes unpenalized in the first 
division of the Christmas 
Pudding Novices' Hurdle as 
that success was gained in a 
conditional jockeys' race. 
However, I give marginal 
preference to another consis- 
tent sort in Vital. Boy, who 
chased home Avoport in a fair 
novice hurdle at Haydock 
Park last time. 

■Wits* -TV':-;:-' -V • 



By Mandarin 

12.30 Vital Boy. 

1.00 Corbin Coins. 
. 1.30 Ramilie. 

2.00 Ceriman. 

230 Tortama. 

3.00 Charlies Cottage. 
3.30 Harry’s Bar. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 2.30 TOIRDEALBHACH (nap). 

The Times Private Handtcapper’s top rating: 3.30 HARR VS BAR. 

Going: soft 

12^0 CHRISTMAS PUDDING NOVICES' HURDLE {Div I: £895: 2m) (17 runners) 

0 BROOKMOUHT (T PeOiam] J Gifford 4-10-11 


4 0Q22P-Q CRMSON BOLD (Mrs N Langmead)J Jenkins 4-10-11. 

Pf OUELUNQ (C Hoftnes) CHoftnas 5-TO-lt 

0 FLEET SPECIAL (Lord Matthews) I Matthews 4-1 0-11 . 

HALLO MATEY (G HuttwnJ) G Hubbard 5-10-11 

F HASTY DIVER (K Britten) J Old 5-10-11 

0 AMO'S ADVOCATE (R Norton) A P Jarvis 4-10-11 

8 MEXICAN MU (Mrs A Chatter) D Ringer 4-10-11 

14 4P-2122 NONE TOO DEAR (CD4JF) (S Adams) G B BekSng 4-10-11 . 

15 PAPANGENO (Mr? G Grant) Mr? J Croft 5-1 0-11 

17 0F3-000 SAEjORS REWARD (F Carter) J King 4-10-11 

19 THORN PRATE (N Gsdner) F T Winter 5-10-11 

20 20/400-0 TOUR DEFORCE (Mis D Strauss) PMaldn 6-10-11 

21 320-322 VITAL BOY (DRuose)H Holder 5-10-11 

23 432m/ COLONIAL CHARM (M Ctohassy) 0 Sherwood 6 - 10 - 8 . 

24 P ELIZABETH FRY (RPaikerJR Parker 7-10-6 

SMcN — 74 — 

HI HDatoas M — 

N Coleman 7-2 

S Sherwood — 14-1 

W Kmnphraya (7) 

1945: TMZMQ 5-10-11 S Sherwood (11-2) O Sherwood 18 ran 

6. 13 rani NONE TOO i 
9. 17 ranj. vital BOY 

soft. Dec 10. 16 ran} 

1.0 MISTLETOE NOVICES’ CHASE (Div b £1,254: 2m 5f 110yd) (13 runners) 

1 04P0-U1 STH3. YEOMAN (MreHAhaenlJGdfard 8 - 1 1-7 RRoara 

1 04P04J1 STm. YEOMAN (Mrs H Atom) J Gtfford 8 - 1 1-7 RRaara 8SF7-4 

2 0/030F-0 ALSIRI(M Dance) P Hants 7-1 1-0 R Storage 80 — 

9 FPUO/33 GENERAL SANDY (Miss A ChOtamHunt) J Boetoy 8-11-0 M O oafay W ** M 

11 PPU/30- HCOGSON MOOR (MreJ Lewis) J Long 8 - 1 1-0 SMcNaM 

13 PO/PP-PP MPOUNDfG Cossey) J Honeyftafl 7-11-0 PaMrHoMM 

14 000-02 IVOR ANTHONY (PMeflon) I BafcSog S-1 1-0 PScaderoa • « 7-2 

15 40F/U3F JUBILEE LIGHTS (V) (B Gorton) P Rftehard 9-11-0 — 7010-1 

19 PREBKRTS LAST (Mrs J Lewis) J OM 1 CM 1-0 C L M w efl yn (7) 

21 0 HAMBURG SONG (C Sanders) C Sawders 0-11-0 J Wonted 

31 POPP/PO TOUCOR (A Steven) DA«S 8-1 1-0 J Sudani 

34 00044)0 CORBITT COINS (ff=) (lAs J GoTOed) F Wafwyn 5-1M K Mooney — « 

35 20080F ERICA SUPEH 8 A (I Buchan) P Baiey 6-10-9 SPtorshead 90 — 

37 4QFP-30 SWAG JACKET (B Edgeloy) Miss L Bower 8-10-8 R Arnett — 84 

1995: FUDGE OEUOHT 6-11-0 S Sherwood (7-4) O Shetwood 14 ran 
FORM STm.YEOMAN(lO-7)wor61troniTenBetowni-Z)BtPti4npton(3m1t.Eie37.soltDec9.13 
runm rail GBOAL SAfffiY (10-12) 3rd beaten 20>4I to Spartan Oriem (11-3) at Uttaxetar (3m 2f, 
£2804, soft. Dec 4, 14 ran). IVOR ANTHONY 111-3) 2nd beann 41 to Gtonskto Jerry pi-3)al Towcestorpm 5f, 
£1451 . good, No» 13. 1 2 ran). ^IBBJEE LIGHTS latest ten 3 out e ater (11-0) 3rd twaten 371 to Gay Rascal ( 11 - 
0) at Towcester (2m 51, £1297, good, Nov 29, 9 ran). CORBITT COBB (1 CM)), mtices her debut over fences 
today, ftfi teuton 20*1 to Buckskins Best (11-0) at Sandown ( 2 m 51. £4082. good to soft. Nov 28. 11 rani. 
SWAG JACKET (10-9) 5th beaten 371 to Gtonstde Jerry (T1-7) at Towcester (2m 51. £1305, good. Nov 29. 10 

denote area yeoman 

1.30 TURKEY AND HAM SELLING HURDLE (4-Y-O: £1,018: 2m) (12 runners) 

QF -0020 BOSWORTH BAY (C Taylor) 0 Marks 10-12 

00-0 BOULEVARD ROY (Mta W Price) R Holder 10-12 


0-02 DONNA'S BOY (Mrs E Herd) Mrs E Herd 10-12 

0-000 MR MCGREGOR (C Drfscoty H O' No* 10-12. 

OOOPoP MR PANACHE (L fteytar) M Chapman 10-12 

0 PODARCES (M Farar) G Hardgan 10-12 

04841F TRACK MARSHALL (D) (H Insley) D L WMamS 10-12 

.. L Haney 

9 000-P04 CHAISE LONGUE (C WltghQ H O'NaB 10-7 

3 RANHUE (Mss A Sykes) J Bherington 10-7 

00 RAVENSCRAIG (D StCMIr) 0 Grtssefi 10-7 R Got 

042083 S/UICY SPRITE (R Norton) A P Jarvis 10-7 HI 

1985: STORMY MONARCH +-11-5 g Jones (S-2tev)GH Jones 11 ran 

PORM BOSWORTH BOY ( 1 0-10) 11 th, never a factor, besttnow 70 to Yeoman Broker (2m «. £1015, 
rwnm good, Nov & 13 rah). BhOXBIS CHOICE ,, ' L71 “ *’“**”■ «**.*, 

I I 1 h Ml 'In | MM 

Zrto 121 rated Arena Auction po- 12) at Taunton ^lf,£3fii. good to soft Wee 4, y ran}. IHAtM 
was held at the time wtwnfel 3 out earlier no- 10 ) won 2%i fttxn Reluctant Gift <tO-SI at I taukjidflBPfWSJ 
good to soft. Dec 1 10 ran). CHAISE LONGUE ( 10 - 12 ) 4th beaten 291 to Awt Etty WM) at Warwick (an, £548. 
good tosofL Oec12. 13 ran). RAMILEri 1-0) 3rd, ran wifi oromtoe, beaten 8 %J to Beau Dire (10-7) at Huraba 

don (2m, El 363, good to solt. Dec io,2zran]L SAUCY SfWTE (10-5) 4th beaten lOYrl to Downtown Chariton] 

^ — H ft-. * 4 £758. good to soft. Nov 18, 15 


Course specialists 



Winners Runners Per Gent 

Rides Percent 

F Walwyn 




K Mooney 




S Christian 




S Sherwood 




O Sherwood 















J Janfdns 




P Scudamore 






By Mandarin 

12.15 Pat's Jester. 

12.45 Corker. 

1.15 Milesian Dancer. 

1.45 A SURE ROW (nap). 
2.15 Dan IXOr. 

2.45 Priceoflove. 

By Michael Seely 
1.45 A Sure Row. 2.45 Absonant 

Going: soft 

12.15 CHARTERHALL JUVENILE NOVICES’ HURDLE (3-Y-O: £685: 2m) (10 runners) 

312 PATS JESTBI(D)(RP Adam Ud)R Allan 11-4 

321204 BRAMPTON LVN (CD) (D Lae) 0 Lee 10-13 

18 COME POUR THE WINE (D| (E AtMneon) H Wharton 10-12 
BOME NUTT (D Smith} Denys Smith 10-12 

P DONNK (Miss N Brown) 0 Yeoman 10-12 

4 DUNLORMG(J Tenant) G Moore 10-12 

2 ELEGANT GUEST (Mis V Catena?) Oenys Smith 70-12 

PEARL FISHER (Mrs S O'NaB) J J Q'NeB 10-12 

VHUENDRA ArtxithnoQ W Paaroe 10-12 

0 BILL'S DAUGHTER (Me L Meyian) G Rictwds 10-7 

RLaob B99F4-6 

G Kadcar 81 10-1 

.OWRngn 91 6-1 
- D Thompson — 20-1 
PAFarr«g(4) — 25-1 
_ M Hammond 94 7-1 

CQant 97 5-1 

— — 16-1 

— — 20-1 

PTodc — 8-1 

1965: YEUOW BEAR 10-12 A 5ttftigBr (20-1) J Psrfcas 18 ran 
1JL45 EUBANK SELLING HAIffiiCAP CHASE (£785: 2m 196yd) (8 runners) 

1 0P-4P24 SUPER SOLO (CO) (U-Col W Mon«h) P Montrth 10 - 11-10 DNofa 

3 1P4/0U4. BARTON CROSS (J Skefton) J Skelton 12-11-7 P Demis ( 

4 4104124 CORKER (W Stephenson] W A Stephenson 10-11-7 TPWMtof 

5 0200-48 HEAT'S SONG (CO) (M Naugfttal) M NSughtOi 12-11-4 COa 

6 04U144 SLEVE BRACKEN (B)(W Bethel) PBtocktey 10-11-2 NFaara{ 

8 U4F00P RONAN-PAUL (C Bird) S LaCKtbattar 1341-1 CHawka 

9 4128-10 OR GlflLLOYlE (I DaJgtesh) W Formttta 11 - 10-8 JKKkis 

10 F33004 M00NU0HTMG (K HaD J Parties 6-10-2 J JQufc 

1985: MSS TALU 6-10-0 C Grant (0-1) R Hanop 9 ran 

DNotan — F3-1 

. P Demis (4) — 14-1 

TP Wide (7) N89 92 

C team 93 6-1 

_ N Fawn (7) 95 6-1 

CHawkma 95 20-1 

-.JKKmw 98 7-2 

' J JOutan 9016-1 

Course specialists 


E Robson 

Mrs M DtcWnson 
Oenys Smith 
W A Stephenson 
R Alan 















R Earnstiaw 






P Tuck 






R Lamb 






C Hawkins 









26 J) 
i 6 a 

• Phil Tuck rode the 300th winner of his career on Atkinwns at Ayr on Saturday. He 
bad earlier initiated a double on Taelos. trained, like AtJdnsons. bv Gordon Richards. 

High flyers: Peter Scudamore and High Knowl rikg to the air on their way to a 15-length victory in Chepstow’s Finale Hurdle (Photograph: Ed Byrne) 

- 1 Stearsby stakes firm claim 

for Cheltenham honours 

103 (19 04432 TEHESFORM fGDJBF) (Ms J RfMy) B HaS 9-IOC 

RacBcanl number. Draw in brac ke ts. Six-figure and (fiatanoa 1 


Raoacanl number. Draw in brackets. Sbc-figura and dtatanoa wfemac BFDaattn favoirits in taiast 
form (F4aH P-ama up. U-ivssated rider. B- race). Owner in txaduas. Trainer. Age and 
brouraif down. S-sSpped ux. R-refused). Horse’s weight Rider plus any aflowanee. The Times 
nam^Mikars. v35or. R-hood. E-Eysshield. C- Prtvae IteKflcappar's r^ng. Approximate starting 
course winner. Distance wftmer. CO-cousa price. 

2J) PORT AND BRANDY HANDICAP CHASE (£2.141: 3m 190yd) (12 runners) 

1 B48-FT1 CERMAU(M Shone) J Edwards 8-ll-l30ex) D Browne 

nO iara oady IS F5-2 

— 84 — 


K Burke 


. C Uawaflyn (7) 

T Jarvis — 13-1 

2 0/30PC-4 BALLY-GO (C Bel) Jimmy HtzgeiWU 9-1 1-12 

3 1/30-122 GEATA AN USCE (BP) (R Kenny) T Forster 8-11-5 

4 3-1F232 FBJLCUMB (B3F) (C Henry) P Baiey 8-11-0 

5 3234*03 KAMR (F Brown) A Jarvis 6-10-9 

6 P041P-0 SPIBNGWOOD (CD) (A OhSoyd) G HarBgan 9-108 

8 214/F30 IS* Al® DOWN (CO) (Mrs G Maxwel) J Gifford 11-10-0 — 

9 011P20- SMPT MESSENGER (Miss BPSkneOOLWMms 7-100- 

10 OF/RJH*- CASTLE ANDREA p Jaflries) D Jeffitas 8-100 

12 04320P nSWGTON (J HewftQ W Perrin 7-100 

13 00 /P 0 M LUCKY VMTAGE (Mss M Preace) P Pritchard 9-100 

14 32PP/P0 SEVB1 ACHES (G Babbage) Mrs M Babbage 8-100 

D B rowne 

N O W — I 
_ LHarray (4) 
— S Mori he ad 
T Jarvis 

R Rows 



1885: FUUCEN TWA 7-11-10 G Memaoh (5-4 fav) J WebOerS ran 

who (ranked the form when 

10 . 8 rant Gi 
aft Nov 34, S 



i T M * rr r : >- r 

615, good, Nov 
£3407 soft. Dec 
£1362. good to 

FORM tomdeaiaach 

rk»nm 25. 5 ran). BRA VI 

0144 GRAGARA PHDE (J PoyntorQ P O Oonnor 9-11- 

— I 16 20040F JURY ACTION (J Had) MksL Bower 8-11-0- 

H Davies 

17 UPS LEVULGAN(S Bwknond) A Hanall 8-11-0 SMcNaM 

18 PF PAUPERS GOUJ(MraPSt»toy)j Webber 5-11-0 GMans^i 

22 F22032- REDDOWN (Mrs H Haynes) R Armytage 8-11-0 MrM Annytaga (7) 

24 P49F/3P HOBBIT HBMY(Mrs P Ha rgra a raa ) Mrs P Her gra ewaa 10-11-0 ACMral 

25 40P4F4 SALBfURST (Satahust Paper) G BNdbig 6-11-0 J Frost 

26 918004* SSY 0 UAA 0 UND( 0 Bramwi) O Brannan 9-1 1-0 MBrannan 

28 00PP4O- STAR FORMULA <RWabfa)P Pritchard 5-11-0 R Stmoge 

30 F TIE BONDBBZER<MraJ Monk) JHonaybal 0-11-0 PetarHcbba 

36 PPF GLENBAIE LADY (N Buddand) R Parker 5-100 HRckmds 

1985: THE ARGONAUT 7-11-7 S SMston (54 f») F Walwyn 14 ran 

FARM CHARLES COTTAGE Mast unseated rider 7th. aartar (19- 

runm (10-10) at Warwick (2m, £17^7. good S3 soft. Nov 27, 10 ran). 

10 SMck Of Rock I10-1IR 
made some headway c» 
13, 15 ran). SALBftjnsr 
4f. £2J»4, good to soft. 
£1357. good to fimv Mi 

Warwick (2m. £1797. good 10 soft. Nov 27, 10 rant 
at Huwngdon (2m SCti 6 1 2. good to soli Dec it), 
»e home. 48i betoan 23i b Kaures ( 1 1 -3) at Town 

r(l14B 4th, never a serious threat beaten 161 to Pr 
»d to soft. Dec 15. 13 ran). REDDOWN (1 1 - 6 ) 2nd beaten 8 to 
to firey May 5-. 15 ran). 


OXB 1 S CHOICE (10-7) has been running m better company, 12th to 
4f, £1070, good. Oct 31, 21 ran). DONNAS BOY gQjft gggffifl 

3^ CHRISTMAS PUDDING NOVICES’ HURDLE (Div II; £828: 2m) (18 runners) 

1 00 BARDAN (1 CampbeQ I Campbet 6-10-11 ! — R Caraptwfl 

4 PFOO CtEVBmG(B)(GHantogtDn)DGrisse9 8-10-11 RGofcMato 

9 32 HARRY'S BAR (MM W Hanle) F WWer 4-10-11 P Scudamore 9 99 F64 

11 O- JUST AQUTTTEC p Mahon) J Mahon 5-10-1 1 MrM Ar ar y taga (7) — — 

12 00-030 KARAKTER REFERENCE (Ms M Janrts) A Jarvis 4-10-11 T Jarvis 88 — 

14 00 LORDY BOY (D Sangar) D Mcholsoo 5-10-11 RJBaggan — 7-1 

16 00 OTl£Y(GHubban80 Hubbard 4-10-11 Hm G Armytage (4) 

20 SEE YOU THERE (Lord Mtfhews) I Mattwwm 4-10-11 M Perrart 

21 F230-9 THATS FOR SURE (Brig C Harvey) D Nicholson 5-10-11 RDmsody 94 10-1 

22 4 THE JOLLY BEGGAR (TKftua 6 Sons) Jbnmyntzgwald 4-1 0-11 M Daryar — 4-1 

23 29 TMOUVBI(R Armytage) RAimytaga 5-1 0-11 BPowaB — 141 

25 00/00 T0WNSVB1E (A BtngJay) J OM 5-10-11 CUewe9yn(7) . 

26 49 VALIANT PILGR 8 I (Genera) SkCBtadceO-fWdbbar 6-10-11 GMarm^i 

27 02/0034* BJMOONfV) (M rM I fcCuskar) R Btateney 5-104 — 

28 00 - 0E& S84T (S Whtaon) G Thomar 5-108 PBarton 

29 FIRST ROMANCE (Queen Bbahath) F Walwyn 410-6 — — 41 

30 P GREEWMJB LADY (DRsher)G Ham 5-106 — — Una Vincent 

33 00 SWEET STORM (Bartiale Con Ltd) T Casey 4-10-6.—— — — 

198& CROIX DE G^RRE 4KM1 C Marm (ii-i) Mrs J Pitman 18 ran 

1.15 S1STERPATH NOVICES’ HURDLE (£685: 2m 61) (15 runners) 

1 830/0-01 BOUNTY'S CLOWN (C) (R SWels) R Shtato 6-11-6 - 

2 02-1114 EHKKARA (R Hu^ws) Mn G Rarvetay 411-4 

3 000 BALMOANCE (B)(R Laytsnd) R Layland 411-0 — 

4 tMIO BAL — CBiP (R Baktoridga) R D Mnbridg o 411-0- 

MrH ShMs (7) 

12 0-32822 KLESMN DANCER (I Daigfech) W Fakgrieve 6-11-0 . 

17 0000 OBIS PATTERN (Mrs MOawson)P Beammt 9-11-0 - I 

18 20 RMSDALE(Wltiyna) MssM BW4114 

20 322000 R0VIG0(W Steghereon) W A Stephenson 5-11-0 

22 F00043 SNOWBABU(A Manaley) D Motlatl 41 1-0 

24 0020-0 WORTHY KNIGHT (I Mamie) B McLean 5-11-0 

25 OPP ANSWER BACK (Ms MBmumanQPBaaumart 7-1 0-9 — _ 

27 00 UGHTB 1 SHAK (B HBSlOp) W Reed 41 M 

28 OU4Q2JO MARCH FLY (Mrs A Mactsggari) a Mactaggart 4103 

Mr L Hudson 

_ G Thompson (7) 
n A Beanauni (7) 

MrP Jataaon (71 



— PA Faroe (4) 

Mr T Read 

rD Mactaggart (7) 

00 POLITICAL PROSCCT (J GaodWtow) Mra J GoodfeOow 4-109 — P Dennis (4) 

0 SMSIIAHM00M(MFtolwick)MraASfjeU6-1D9 K Jones 

1985: RULE OF THE SEA 4-1 1-6 Mr jWdun (11-4) A Soott 17 ran 1 

1.45 KBLDER HANDICAP CHASE (£1,987: 2m 6^ (5 rurmers) 

1 128313- VHJJERSTW 8 N (P P9lor) W A Stephenson 7-12-7 RLenb 32 9-2 

2 2*1/11-3 A SUffi ROW(HF) (Mra A Watacs) Mra M Ocfdraon 7-12-3 — G BnaOey 91 F43 

3 30P-313 THE OIV 1 DeR(C)(Exi»awMaJ AU«n)MraTCNder 8 - 1 1-12 T G Dim 099 7-2 

5 0/30PO-4 BALLY-GO {CBe^ Jenny FillGeraid 9-1 1-2 NWHR90MH 

8 44P-223 PREBS4 FUR (CD) (W Peacock) G Retards 9-1 0-10 PTucfc 98 6-1 

1985: PlteBEN FUR 8-10-1 P Tuck (4-1) G Rtchanfc 8 ran 

2.15 GLENTRESS NOVICES’ CHASE (£1,174: 3m) (10 runners) 

1 1 /PFOtfl DAN D*0R(D) (Mr* ERabeon)E Robson 8-11-12 MrTReatf 92 S-1 

3 FO* FBE STEEL (B) (Mb P B rowne) 8 McLoan 6-11-fi PNkran 9512-1 

4 34 KHGKAMU(J GoodMow) Mrs JGoodtetow 8-11-5 A Stringer 87 KM 

5 Q/PfOPO- KBWSCOUEGE BOY (H Thomson) Mra MDiddneon 8-11-5 GBradtoy — R -2 

8 F2-44TO PANEGYM 8 T(CAlBMidei)CAlBsander 11-11-5 Mr D Mactaggart (7) 8310-1 

9 030-30 ECHO BEACH (DanysSmUh) Denys Smtti 5-1 1-4 C Grant — 7-1 

10 03 POLAR NOMAD (JStnddan Lid) w A Sap h en so n 5-11-4 RLanb 97 5-1 

11 3P-42F4 GAMEWOOD (G Mason) Mrs C CMk 0-11-0 REarashew 099 12-1 

12 0/22222- XAHE MAC (G RJchards) G Rchanfa 6-11-0 — PTadc 98 3-1 

13 QQQ0*4-P REBRONA (Mrs F Walton) F Water 8-11-0 HrJWWkat — 20-1 

1985: THE BUILDBt 6-11-6 Mr P ! 6 von (94) Mra G Roniey 9 ran 

2.45 CARDRONA HANDICAP HURDLE (£1,272: 2m) (13 nmners) 

1 312200 RAPE) BEAT (D) (J Vfcfter) W A Stophonson 5-11-13 

3 0F8132 ADAIEpqiD Hodgson) DHodpon 7-11-6 : 

4 1100-04 CARAT STICK (Mra FWaftonJPWMton 6-11 •«_ 

5 3124-33 reiCEOFLOYe (Cl^ 0 Catvert) D Moftatl B-11-6 

6 UT3220 SMART gi BLACK (W G t e vens u n-Taytor) 6 Rfcharda *-11-6 — 

7 021-000 MATHjOT (I^ (B Somarves) M Ksu^rttn 41 I^J 

3 1/B140-0 BURLEY HRJL UUI (W (B OW) P Btodday 6-10-13 

10 10G34P AfiSONANT (COBF) (Mrs A Shew) IMG RavdMy 4-100 

11 03233/D SHUMARP (CD) (Mra MTtodala)J Johnson 6-106 

12 3-0041F POU 8 H XWGHT (B^)) (T Ctsyftn) A D Biwn 4-10-7 i 

13 00MQ0 YELLOW KAR (CD) (H BouaSeid} J PMcaa 4W7 

14 100000 THE PWEfi (IQ(1 Ross) J Mooney 5-105 — 

R Lamb 88 9-1 

. J Rratan (7) — - 12-1 
_ Mr JWaHnn 94 7-1 

KTaalaa 9SF3-1 

PT«k #99’ 6-1 

C Grant 87141 

_ N Fawn (7) 98 141 

IS 30020/0 UTTUETBIIWESr ICO) (Mrs G Young) Mm A Sal 7-104. 

- D Dutton 
A Stringer 
. J Mooney 


19Kx SONNY ONE SHME 4-10-9 J Ktoana (8-1) R Alan 12 ran 

The Welsh Grand National 
may only be a handicap but in 
recent seasons it has become a 
leading trial for the Gold Cup 
and Jenny Pitman is enthusias- 
tic about Saturday’s impressive 
winner, Stearsby. taking his 
chance at Cheltenham in March. 

*Tve always thought of him 
asa Gold Cup horse and he'll go 
for it this season,” the Jubilant 

I trainer said. “1 hope his owner, . toiling rivals. 

Cheltenham behind Forgive’N 
Forget and Dawn Run 

Graham Bradley, who 
partnered Stearsby in the ab- 
sence of the suspended Graham 
McCourt, had his mourn jusi off 
the pace before launching his 
challenge al the turn for home. 
By the last fence, be had already 
established a dear lead over his 

50yd) (7 turners) 

1 0P43F0 TOmDEAUHACH(HHaraw-CrawWPaCDnwr 13-11-10 GLaariW 8912-1 

3 4/112-2 BRAVBI (R Peaks) D MWje 12-11-6 P Mafia 91 F£4 

5 232-330 MDMGHT SONG (B.CD) (Mrs K Price) TFoator 11-11-3 LHarray 9 9S 3-1 

6 4PP-1FP FUMESKO (CO) (Mrs Z dark) S Christian 8-10-11 MBowfiiy 96 7-1 

7 3*1010 TURKANA (CO) (j Upson) T caaey 8-1 04 E Buckley 94 10-1 

9 01400-0 ESSEX (CO) (J Buhmts) J BiAovetS 11-104 Sdwaadt 97 18-1 

10 024403 ARCHERSFRMCE(R Shaw) C James 8-104 W Kmptnayi 98 5-1 

1985: ESSEX 10-104 J Worthington (14-1) JBufcOWM 6 ran 

E to soft, Pac 2. 14 ran). B9DMW HT BON G t1Q-ia50ibealBn35)H toLalin American (10-q at Cbatlanham 
2910. good, Decs, 6 rant HMESKOtael tea way since warning hare. (10-7) won 71 tram Mcrrtnq Bratoa 
Ijwtth ARCHERS PRMCE(9-10)4ttibeaMn 8X1 and 7URKANA (10-6) Unbeaten 4X1 Bn, £1290, good, 
13. 12 ran). TURKANA (10-1Q 69t beann 71 to Greanbank Park (11-5) at Towcestw (am, £2120, good, 
Nov 29,8 ran). 

3J) MISTLETOE NOVICES' CHASE (Div I: £1 ,249: 2m 5f 110yd) (13 runners) 

3 4MMBU CHAHJFS COTTAGE (BF) (Mbs M Thoma) N Hwderaon 6-11-0 — • 99 F5-4 

6 3PU-4W CGYOR (B Chsitwra) R BMkanqf 6-11-0 Jody Bta)mey(7) 

Terry Ramsden, won't want to 
run him in the Grand National 
just yet because 1 think the horse 
is mentally a bit too young.” 
I fading bookmakers offer 16-1 
for Cheltenham. 

Stearsby was maintaining the 
remarkable sequence of seven- 
year-olds in the Chepstow stam- 
ina test. They have now won the 
last seven runnings of this event 
and on Saturday 1 Ha venta light 
was the only other member of 
that age group in the race. 

One of those seven winners 
was Steaisby's stable compan- 
ion. Burrough Hill Lad, who 
carried I01b less — lOst 91b as 
opposed to list 51b — when 
winning in 1983 before going on 
to land the Gold Cup less than 
three months later. 

The record books confirm 
that the Gold Cup has become 
very much a race for the young 
up-and-coming chaser. Of the 
last 17. six have been won by 
seven-year-olds and six by eight- 

Further evidence that the 
Welsh National serves as a 
sound trial for steeplechasing's 
blue riband has been provided 
by the last two winners. 
Righthand Man and Run And 
Skip. Who went on to run 
excellent races in defeat at 

Explaining Steaisby’s lack- 
lustre performance on his pre- 
vious run in the Hennessy Gold 
Cup. Mrs Pitman said: “I was 
very disappointed with him at 
Newbury but h turned out that 
he had a low white blood counL 
I told Brad before that race that I 
was a bit worried because he 
could be just short of one 

With Maco liver running on 
into second place and Corbie re 
filling fourth place behind 
Jim brook, the Upper Lambourn 
trainer saddled three of the first 
four home. As Corbicre won the 
race back in 1 982, Mrs Pitman 
has now won three of the last 
five renewals. 

The race has also become very 
much the property of women 
trainers as John Spearing, last 
year, is the only man to have 
trained the winner in the last six 

Not content with eyeing the 
Gold Cup. Mrs Pitman also has 
her sights set on another Grand 
National. She said "Macoliver 
ran a tremendous race and he is 
sure to ran in the National given 
the chance. The trouble is that 
he may not get in with the 
present conditions. Corbiere ran 
a blinder bnt nowadays hasn't 
quite got the legs of the younger 

Corbiere's owner. Brian 
Burrough, said: "That was a fine 
run and on this form he'll have 
to go for another National — u 
he gets a decent weight" 

Lucky Vane, one of the 
leading fancies, was always 
51 niggling to go the pace but ran 
on in the straight and finished 
sixth. Jimmy Frost said: “He 
jumped well but was never going 
on the dead wound - he really 
hated it” Simon Sherwood 
bruised a leg when Dare Hansel 
fell and gave up his two remain- 
ing rides. 

High Knowl bad his Triumph 
Hurdle price reduced from 10-1 
to 7-1 after completing his treble 
in fine style in the Finale Junior 
Hurdle. A multiple winner on 
the Flat for Barry Hills, High 
Know] is unbeaten over hurdles 
since joining Martin Pipe. 

The High Line coll took 
command from the start and by 
the time they turned for home 
he was a good 15 lengths clear, 
easily maintaining it to the post 
and still on the bn die. 

His jumping, quick and ac- 
curate on this occasion, had 
been criticized at Haydock Park 
last time out but Pipe said: “His 
was the last race of the two days. 
The ground had got really 
horrible by’ then and be is still 
very much a novice. He did it 
well today. I'm very pleased 
with him he is full of guts and he 
can be ridden any way. He can 
be restrained if necessary 

Dunston. who had been fan- 
cied to give the favourite a run 
for his money, nearly went at the 
first with a bad mistake which 

brought down Guessing. After 
that Dunston never reallv got 

that Dunston never really got 
into the contest and finished 

O’Neill to Mercer and 
open at Smyly pull 
Edinburgh out of stud 

The Illiad 
a set-hack 

Jonjo O'NeiB, the former 
champion jump jockey, will 
officially open Edinbuigh's new 
National Hunt track on Mon- 
day, January 5. The Mussel- 

Joe Mercer, the former royal 
jockey, and Mark Smyly, the 
Lam bourn trainer, have re- 
signed as non-executive direc- 
tors of Hardwick Breeding and 

The Illiad, ante-post joint 
favourite with Barn brook Again 
for the inaugural running of The 

burgh course is the fust to be- Racing Pic in the week the 
opened in Britain since Ascot's company was due to laanch a £2 
jumping circuit in 1965. million share issue. 

The track has been laid out at Their decision to poll out of 
a cost of £90,000 on partly the stnd farm, at Whitchurch, 
reclaimed land adjacent to the near Pangboarne, Berkshire, 
links area and golf course. Its - comes only days after Charles 
design fits ail the latest safety Armstrong, the company's joint 
requirements and includes por- manag ing director, resigned af- 
fable fences, hurdles and plastic ter appearing on the Jockey 

Ladbroke at Leopardstown next 
month, has suffered a set-back 
in his training programme. 

“I’m still hopeful he will be 
able to take part in the big race.” 
Homer Scott, his trainer, said at 
Navan on Saturday. The Illiad 
landed a substantial gamble in 
style at Fairyhouse nine days 
ago and was due to have another 
preparatory race next week. 

He will noi now be in action 
until The Ladbroke at the 
soonest. However, his owner, 
Mrs Maeve McMorow, and 
Scott have a prime candidate for 
the Findus Handicap Chase at 
Leopardstown on Saturday in 

Appearing for the first time 
since jarring himself when 
beaten by Fitzberbert at 
Chepsiow in October. Omerta 
readily won the Santa Claus 
Handicap Chase under top 
weight at Navan on Saturday in 
the bands of Scott's good young 
stable jockey, John ShortL 

Joke Is Over, winner of six 
races and £17.000 in prize 
money for the Sligo trainer. 
Billy Boyers, had to be put down 
after breaking a shoulder in his 

first ever falL 

Colin Magnier, in hospital 

reclaimed land adjacent to the 
links area and golf course. Its 
design fits ail toe latest safety 
requirements and includes por- 

ru aning rafi. 

O'Neill said: “I had about six 
rides -there on the Flat and I 
think it will make a super 
jumping course. With luck rac- 
ing win be possible there in the 
winter when it cannot take place 

O'Neill, presently undergoing 
treatment for cancer, is now 
training and plans to have a 
runner at the opening meeting. 

The clerk of the course, David 
McHarg, describes the course as 
being right-handed, fiat and 
galloping. It is a mile and three 
furlongs round with an easy turn 
into the straight The first race 
over the new trade will be the 
£2,000-added 100 Pipers Handi- 
cap Hurdle at 12.15. The open- 
ing ceremony will be at 


A new business entertaining 
facility has been created, and the 
hurdles course is being spon- 
sored by Seagram, who are also 
sponsoring the first event 

Club's forfeit list of non-payers. 

Mercer said yesterday: “I just 
didn't waat to be in reived. 
People had been digging into 
their affairs and I didn't want to 
be associated with anything like 

Smyly said his decision had 
been taken jointly with Mercer. 
He said: “My resignation was 
doe to varions reasons connected 
with the make-op of the new 
company. I am not satisfied 
everything Is as it shoald be in 
the running of the new 

David McConneL, an Ameri- 
can lawyer, described in the 
company's promotional lit- 
erature as chairman (non-exec- 

utm), is trying to contact die 

Gnu to discuss the situation. 

Barbara Bacon, the stud 

director, whose husband, David, with a broken leg,' produced an 
is joint managing director with excellent prospect from his sta- 

Mr Ar m stro ng , declined to com- 
ment until she had spoken to 
other directors. 

ble when Craystown proved an 
easy winner of the Yule Log Flat 


1J> 1, CM* GM 

Saturday’s results 


_. .J-lk Z Cone Alone 
(50-1): 3, Mad About Ya (26-1). Powerless 
2-1 to». IB ran. Nfl: AWaytoraney, Royal 

“Ss- 1. Knowl (45 bv; Print* 

un (40-l)T§ ran. 

1): 3, Bta&et Run WMK? ran. 

ZS 1. Stearaby (6-1 k Z MacoBver (16- 
1 ): 3. Jbnbroak (14-lfc 4, CoOtere (9-2 
fevLtfren. , 

2*0 1. French Captrin (5-1): 2. Claude 
□net (11-21; 3. Broad Beam (8-11 4, 

Monet (11-2); i Broad Beam ( 8 - 1 J; 4. 
Dingbat (2S3L Menrfei 9-2 lev. TSran, . 

3.10 1. wars Warrior (7-Z); Z Charles- 
ton George (13-2): a M&squfte (3-1). 
Lower Cow 1M fair. 8 ran. NR: Dorwood 

3b40 1. Motor Cone (50-1): 2, Cetdc 
Sana (20-1); 3. Mbs Nero (16-1): 4. Jade 
And nsrond (11-1). 22 ran. 

Cone (50-1); 2, Cette 
las Nero (16-1): 4, Jade 

12J0 1. Monel Jnn (3-1 fc 2, xhai (7- 
; 3, Majbers' Revenge (33-t). Positive 

UO 1. RtoMr Thrust (6-13 favfc 2, 

^^ffi C0 * atonra(33 - 

IB 1. Aganst The Grain (13-8t 9 
Mick’s Star MI-8 fart 3. Lakeftefcl ( 20-1 1 
10 ran. NR: Owen DuN. 

1 fart % Sr Kenwto (14-U 9 ran. 

SJH 1. Sporting Mariner <11-10 fart 2, 
Too Often (25-1 h 3, High Bam (20-1). 14 
ran. NR: CamiuBi Air. 

Leaders over 
the jumps 


G Richards 
J Gifford 
G Salting 

** h eastern 

J Jenkins 
D f*ChoJSOti 


w *i M , 
48 18 14 
41 17 12 
37 28 23 
29 15 15 
29 19 14 
27 32 19 
25 17 11 
24 28 16 
24 12 17 
23 17 8 

0 +35.25 
0 -39.05 
0 * 21.02 
4 +25.26 
3 +21.48 
2 -69*4 
0 -11.37 


Lingfield Park 

12.45 1. Gunner Mac (33-rt 2. Angel 
Oust (KMk 3. Casual Peas 0-4 tan). i3 

12.45 1. The I fac fcnderoa (136 it-fevv 
2. Cumraw (13-8 jMart 3. Ten in Hand 
1). 8 ran 

1.15 1. Mea oo ni (4-lfc2, Ghita was 
es-l): ( 12 - 1 ). S^s At The 

4 Ad 4 111* HU hvfuul- 4 

M Dwyer 53 21 IB 

P Tuck 
C Gram 
C Brown 
R Rowe 
H Davies 

53 21 18 
40 28 34 
35 31 25 
a 43 27 

S3 518 

27 38 28 
27 16 8 

23 10 14 
23 IS 14 
23 24 21 

3 -77 18 

2 +14.16 
1 -3829 

0 -5425 

6 -10348 
•4 -9.71 

1 -104.68 

1 +1003 
1 -48.76 

3 -21.00 
8 -TOES 

Yo “Wcn, the jockey. 
« Wetherby 

Gold (14-1): 3. 

n ‘S left wrist in a fall on 

Swan £L n,S 'eft wrist in a fal! on 

bwap SfK >P at Market Rasen. 


n s 


P Urn 

V F.I 


XV ; 

‘A- t*':~** 


’ -fi 




w ' b*-: ... 





Bates keeps his nerve 
but the signs 

i- «. 9 

at Chelsea are ominous 

By Cliie White 

Chelsea 0 

Tottenham Hotspur 2 

As Chelsea sank deeper imo 
ihcir bouomless pii of despair, 
one was left to wonder not so 
much where, as how. it will all 
end. To pui it bluntly, it seems 
a case of which will crack 
first — John Hollins’s nerve or 
that of Ken Bates, his chair- 
man. 1 would be inclined to 
back the former. 

The signs are ominous for 
poor Hollins. Last week it was 
defeat and a vote of con- 
fidence from his chairman. 
This week it was another 
defeat and sympathy from the 
opposition’s manager, David 
Pleat, who said with generos- 
ity I doubt whether Hollins 
would appreciate: “In some 
ways I'm pleased we didn't 
score more. People might 
have over-reacted, either by 
thinking we’re going to be 
something special this season 
or. by the same token, that 
Chelsea have really gone.” 

But the scoreline could not 
hide the truth that even in a 
game in which Chelsea had 
perfectly valid appeals for a 
goat and a penalty turned 
down, they were slilffortunate 
to lose by only two goals. Clive 
Allen, naturally, scored both 
of them. 

When Pleat saw Clive .Allen 
throwing his boots into the 
rubbish bin after the game he 
thought it was in disgust at 
missing an excellent chance of 
a treble in the last seconds, 
when the Chelsea goalkeeper. 

Nicdzwiecki, had unnervingly 
stood his ground. But Allen 
was merely throwing away his 
old pair. 

In a week when Pleat was 
K? be sympathetic to 
noddle s desire to leave 
Tottenham, the manager was 
forced to reconsider and 
acknowledge not only the 
beauty of Hoddle but also the 
bonus. “There were lots of 
good aspects in our play, not 
least the centre backs' partner- 
ship and Hoddle’s ability to 
pul the boll in the space 
perfectly to create four or five 
chances." And thaz did not 
include the subtle back heel, 
more accurate than many 
could pass forwards, that put 
Alien in for his first goal. 

Hollins, as crazy as his life 
must seem right now, would 
perhaps question the sanity of 
Pleat in releasing such a 
player. Compared to the 
thoroughbred Hoddle, Hollins 
had one or two donkeys in his 
own midfield. They have not 
won a League game since 
October 18, but the most 
significant fact is that Dixon 
has not scored in the League in 
more than ten weeks, and on 
Saturday was as anonymous 
as ever. 

Hollins, opening up emo- 
tionally for perhaps the first 
time since he look on the 
burden of management, said: 
“I don't want sympathy, 1 
never wanted it in my life. I 
just want that ball at some 
time or other to hit someone 
on the head and go in the back 
of the net” And, in this time 
of goodwill, Chelsea certainly 

seem to have been forgotten. 
The nib of the green, not to 
mention the woodwork, was 
against them, most memo- 
rably a shot by Spademan, 
deflected upwards by Danny 
Thomas, which struck the 
underside of the crossbar and 
appeared to most eyes to have 
bounced down over the line, A 
la '66. 

But Mr Seville disallowed 
the goal. Vou felt for Chelsea 
and McLaughlin when six 
minutes later Parks, standing 
in for Clemence, flattened the 
Chelsea centre back in the 
penalty area with little excuse. 

Tottenham’s strikes, 
though, left nothing to doubt. 
The match was put safely and 
rightly beyond Chelsea's claw- 
ing fingers by Hoddles’s 
perception. Waddle's trickery 
and Allen’s finish in the 62nd 
minute to bring the forward's 
League total to 19 - as many 
goals as the entire Chelsea side 
have scored all season. 

CHELSEA: E NUtawtodu: O Wood. K 
DuMn. C Pares. J McLeustiltn. J 
Bumaaod. P Nevtn. N Soadunan. K 
Dixon, 0 Spoodte, J McNuunt (Sub: R 

Thomas. M Thomas. O ArdBes, R Gough. 
G MobbutL C AKen. P Aten. C Wattto. G 
Hoddte. A GnMn. 

Referee: A SevAa (Birm i ngham) 

• Jimmy Frizzell, the Man- 
chester City manager, offered 
two-year contracts to five of 
his youngest and most promis- 
ing squad members before 
yesterday's game against Cov- 
entry at Highfield Road. 
David White, Paul Moulden, 
Steve Redmond and lan 
Brightwell, all aged 19, and the 
20-year-old Paul Simpson, ac- 
cepted the contracts. 

at United 


trip to 

By Steve Bates 

Jumping for joy: Bradshaw (centre) celebrates his goal for Sheffield Wednesday with S ter land (right) and Sr.odia at 
Hillsborough yesterday. Wednesday beat Newcastle United 2-0 to go to fifth place in the first division. Report, page 28 

Eccentric Arsenal expose paper tigers 

battle of By Da rid Powell 

Charlton take the accolade 

By Vince Wright 

Chartton Athletic ... 0 

Liverpool 0 

The talk before the match was 
of a comfortable away victory, 
but those Charlton supporters 
who predicted such an outcome 
badly under-estimated iheir 
team- Many among the 16,564 
crowd at Selhurst Park came to 
watch the title contenders, 
Liverpool, but stayed to applaud 
lowly Chariton, who shared the 
points despite being down to 10 
men for the last half-an-hour. 

The fact that Chariton’s 
wounds were self-inflicted did 
nothing to dispel the feeling that 
this was Liverpool's lucky day. 
Charlton's first casualty was 
their centre half. Thompson, 
who damaged his ribs when he 
ran into the advertising hoard- 
ings behind the goaL He strug- 
gled on until half-time, when he 
was replaced by Lee. But then 
Lee himself tweaked ligaments 
in his ankle after falling awk- 
wardly, and look no further 

Despite these misfortunes, 
Chariton continued to make life 
difficult for the champions and 
credit must go to the manager, 
Lennie Lawrence, and his play- 
ers for doing their homework. 

Liverpool were never allowed, 
to settle into their usual smooth 
rhythm. Forced onto the defen- 
sive from the start, they were - 
untypically — prepared to kick 
anywhere for safety. But they 
survived because the ball re- 
fused to run for Charlton, and 
most of the important decisions 
by the referee went in their 

One of them early in the 
second half was to prove a 
turning point Mr Cooper ig- 
nored Charlton's claims for a 
penalty when Calm Walsh ap- 
peared to be brought down by 
Beglin. Shortly afterwards, Lee 
was injured and Chariton's last 
chance of victory had gone. 

The loss Of Lee was particu- 
larly hard on the in-form Mel- 
rose. who was left to fight a lone 
battle up front Melrose came 
closest to supplying the goals 
which would have provided the 

shock result of the day. At the 
other end, Charlton's goal- 
keeper, Bolder, who was at 
Anfield for two years without 
playing in the first team, had the 
satisfaction of preventing Rush 
from scoring an undeserved 
winner in the closing minutes. 

For Liverpool only Law- 
renson and Grobbelaar came up 

the Cities 

By Dennis Shaw 

Coventry City ........ 2 

Manchester City 2 

Sieve Redmond, Manchester 
City's teenage mklfield player, 
twice came to his club's recur 
with equalizers yesterday to 
prevent Coventry City from 
building on their satisfying se- 
quence of four successive home 

A chilled non-festive cocktail 
of swirling, biting wind and 
muddy treacherous pitch was 
absorbed most effectively by the 
visitors. Twice they had trailed 
to goals by Culpin and Adams 
but twice Manchester City 
squared it through the dan- 
gerously lurking Redmond and 


Luton Town..... 



to scratch Liverpool's passing St imaU5 W emerged as the more 
and control were unusually 

control were unusually 
poor, and apart from losing 
ground in the championship 
race they are beset by inuiy 
problems. Hansen and Venison 
were late withdrawals, and 
joined Molby, Johnston and the 
player-manager, Kenny Dal- 
glish, on being ruled out of 
selection. Ablett, Hansen’s dep- 
uty, had a testing time on his 

Humphrey. M Retd. G SWptey, S Thomp- 
son pub: R Lee), P ShirtbH. M Stuart A 
Cuctnshley, J Mefcosa, M Aiztawood. C 

LIVERPOOL: B Oobbsluar; G GMesde. J 
B&gNn. M Lowronaon. R Whelan. G Ablett. 
P Wafsti (sub: A mine), S Ntcol. I Rush. J 
Wartt, S McMahon. 

Referee: K Cooper. 

Everton show their true grit 

By Simon Jones 

Perhaps the difference be- 
tween Arsenal and the pack 
behind them at the top of the 
first division is a large measure 
of old-fashioned griL Of the 
pursuers only Everton would 
appear able to match Arsenal in 
this respecL 

Despite an appalling injury 
list Ererton have moved quietly 
imo fourth position in the table, 
their blest success being a 
comprehensive 3-0 defeat of 
Wimbledon on Saturday. And 
there was more for the 
Goodison crowd to cheer than 
goals from Steven. Sheedy and 
Heath. Twenty minutes from 
lime. Peter Reid made his flret 
appearance in an Everton shirt 
since the FA Cup final. 

There was less excitement at 
Upton Park. In a match notable 
only for the poor quality of 
finishing the only goals came 
from the penalty spot Cottce. 
for West Ham Ltaited, and the 

transfer-listed Fenwick, for 
Queen's Park Rangers, scored. 

At the Manor Ground, Ox- 
ford United did well to twice 
recover from being a goal down 
against Aston Villa. Aldridge 
scored their second equalizer — 
his 19th goal of the season — 
with another penalty. 

Oxford ‘seem intent, too, on 
wipipg out Aston Villa's impres- 
sive lead as the League's worst 
disciplined team. Their sub- 
stitute, Phillips, who came on as 
a 72nd minute substitute, was 
sent off 16 minutes later. It was 
the second time he had been 
sent off in four weeks and brings 
Oxford's total of dismissals this 
season to five. 

In the second division. Crys- 
tal Palace were another team to 
finish the afternoon with 10 
men. though in their case they 
had to play almost all of the 
second half at Huddersfield 
Town under strength after Tay- 
lor bad been sent off for 
persistent dissenL In their case. 

however, the handicap seemed 
to be an incentive. Despite goi ng 
behind when Shearer scored. 
Palace won through two goals 
from Bright, who is proving a 
useful acquisition 

Portsmouth, too, came back 
to win after conceding the lead, 
but this has become almost a 
habit for them at Fratton Park. 

The match against Barnsley 
had moved well into injury time 
when Dillon scored the penalty 
which put Portsmouth back at 
the top of the table. In fact, there 
was considerable doubt about 
the validity of the penally which 
was awarded for a foul’ by the 
Barnsley goalkeeper. Baker, on 
the Portsmouth forward, Quinn, 
who admitted later that he had 
taken “a bit of a dive". 

In the third division, the best 
perforrnanoe came from Bury 
who had been bottom of the 
table but moved up four places 
with a4-0 win over Walsall AU 
the goals came in the first half 
with Robinson scoring three in 
the first 23 minutes. 

stylish of two inconsistent sides. 

The real winners were the 
neutrals who, if wrapped up to 
combat the blast, would have 
enjoyed all the eccentricities. 

Two goals in the opening five 
minutes was an appeii using 
taster for a match that never 
ceased to produce tales of the 
unexpected. Both Coventry 
goals were inspired by Regis 
smoothly dominating his 
marker. McCarthy, in one-to- 
one tussles. 

Culpin benefited from the 
first after Adams had forged the 
necessary link in tbe shape of a 
low centre. Adams himself cap- 
italized on the second Regis- 
inspired break after 40 minutes 
when the former Coventry goal- 
keeper, Suckling, pushed tbe 
ball out to him. 

Redmond is unlikely to score 
two such simple goals. Each 
time he simply fired the ball 
low, probably more in hope than 
expectations, through a mass of 
legs and" the ball found its target 
when it should have been kept 

Ogrizovic had a match he will 
want to forget but he did make 
fine saves from Varadi and 
Moulden. He also performed a 
valuable, if iHeed service when 
he raced out of his area to upend 
Varadi when tbe forward was 
clear.'Tve seen goalkeepers sent 
off for that,” said the Manches- 
ter City manager, Jimmy 
FrizzcIL But Ogrizovic was 
rightly booked for his challenge 
in an “eye-for-an-cye" 60 sec- 
onds, Wilson having been cau- 
tioned moments before for 
tripping Regis when similarly 

COVENTRY CITY: S Ogrizovic; B Bor- 
rows. G Downs. D Emerson. S Sedatey, T 
Peaks. D Bennett D PNBps. C Regs, P 
Cutout, M Adams. 


C WBsQri. K dements, M McCarthy. S 
Redmond. D Write, I McMab, I Varadi. P 

Referee: J Ashworth. 

The club with all the ideas. Ihc 
laiesl being to roof their sta- 
dium, offered none on Saturday. 
Luton, it said in the programme, 
came to Highbury as contenders 
for their first League champion- 
ship. Thai was on paper. On 
grass they looked no such thing. 

Had this been a tennis match, 
all the ball boys would have 
been caught down one end. In 
between Arsenal attacks there 
was little more than Luton goal 
kicks. So dominant was the 
Arsenal midfield, with Williams 
the service arm and Rocastic the 
racket, that the forwards. 
Groves and Quinn, should have 
spared us a fearful 70 minutes 
worrying whether Luton would 
hijack a point- 

Luton's blanketing of defence 
may serve them well in the 21st 
century Home Supporters Only 
Indoor League but Arsenal are 
the style of today. They have 
gone 15 matches without defeat 

and will spend their centenary 
Christmas five points clear at 
the top of the League. 

The self assurance of their 
manager. George Graham, has 
rubbed off on the players. Hayes 
and Rocastic in particular. Their 
quick thinking is matched by 
Graham's sharpness of wu at 
press conferences. "Has Charlie 
lost weight?", one inquisitor 
asked. “I don't know — I haven't 
cuddled him recently.” Graham 
replied spontaneously. 

Quite whether his humour 
would be as forthcoming had 
Hayes agreed to sign for 
Huddersfield Town in October, 
as Graham wanted him to. is 
open to question. “He has done 
exceptionally wt-U.” the man- 
ager commented after the left- 
sided right-footed midfield 
player had consolidated his 
position as Arsenal's leading 
scorer. As Graham admitted. 
Hayes was given his chance only 
because of injuries to regulars. 

Hayes took his League tally to 
10 goals with a low 89th minute 
drive after Nicholas had delight- 

fully spun the ball into his path. 
But it was another of Arsenal's 
new generation. Quinn, who 
broke down Luton's resistance. 
Running in to meet Groves’s 
cross, the oft 4in centre forward 
headed the opening goal after 71 
minutes. Ten minuies later 
Quinn headed against the bar 
from Davis's corner and Adams 
seized on the ricochet. 

Graham refuses to talk about 
winning the League in his first 
season as manager but occa- 
sionally lets slip comments 
which suggest he is privately 
cultivating the idea. "I was 
pleased we were so patient — in 
1 97 1 we played many games like 
that on the way to the 
championship.” he said. "The 
spirit is running through the 
club again like it did when 1 was 
in the team.” 

ARSENAL J Lukkr: V Anderson. K 
Sansom, S WBiams. D O'Leary. A Adams, 
O RocasUa, P Davis. N Oiwm, P Groves 
;sub:C Nicholas). M Hayes. 

LUTON TOWN: L S&*ey; T Breacker. R 
Johnson, R Nicholas. S North, M 
Sonaghv. D McDonagh. B Stem. M 
Vewefi. M Stem. A Grmies. 

Referee: R Groves. 

Not champion stuff, Brian 

By Nicholas Harling 

ended up praising most: Dennis 
for his almost total subjection of 

NoWm Foms. 0 

Southampton U his desire to move to a bigger 

Southampton, who are invari- 
ably not one of the most 
appealing teams away from 
home, not only put a block on 
Nottingham Forest's champion- 
ship chances but raised a smile 
and a quip or two from the 
beleaguered Chris NicholL 

Southampton’s manager 
needed humouring after a week 
in which talk of a vendetta came 
in the aftermath of Dennis's 
revelation about punch-ups in 
Majorca and Wright’s transfer 
request- A visit to the City 
Ground was not calculated to 
appease him since his team, 
with the worst-but-one defen- 
sive record in the first division, 
were up against hosts who had 
yet to fail to score at home. 

Paradoxically, the two players 
who had done most to stretch 
his managerial patience he 

club. And behind them, of 
course, there was Shilton, as 
reluctant as ever to provide his 
old club with satisfaction, even 
if the ultimate cost, a broken 
nose, was painful. 

An expert on that complaint if 
ever there was one, NicholL 
whose twisted features bear 
testimony to the number of 
times' his nose has been put out 
of joint, agreed that Shilton 
might be advised to have sur- 
gery. “Unless he wants to look 
like me, that is," he joked. 

Shilton's frist-minute parry 
from Mills had suggested that a 
home victory would be a 
formality. Bui by the lime the 
goalkeeper was called into seri- 
ous action again to deny Webb 
on the stroke of half-time, it was 
obvious that. Southampton had 
goi the measure of Forest. 

notwithstanding the bookings of 
Bond. Wallace and Case in- 
curred in the space of three 
inflamed minutes. They were 
crowd-induced,” NicholJ said. 

The crowd had also been 
induced to express their concern 
a I wasted efforts by BinJes and 
Niecl Clough from promising 
positions, after which, in the 
second half. Southampton did 
tar more than merely soak up 
Forest pressure. Clarke's shot 
which thudded against on up- 
right from Case's exquisite pass 
was the nearest they came to 
exposing totally the limitation 
of Forest's options when the 
men who matter are not produc- 
ing the goods. Not the stuff of 
champions. I'm afraid, Brian. 

Fleming. S ..Prana, D Wi 

Fairctough, N Webb. F Carr, J Meigod. N 
dough. G BirUas. G Mils. 

SOUTHAMPTON: P SWton; G Forrest M 
Dennis, J Case. M Wnqht. K Bond. G 
Lawrence. G Cockerffl. C Clarke. S Baker. 
0 WaBac9. 

Referee; K Wafmsloy. 

Manchester United 2 * ' 

Leicester City ................ 0 ; 

Manchester United finally re-' * 
assured Alex Ferguson that they- • 
have the ingredients 1 . ■ 

of discipline and concentration 
to protect a two-goal lead. But 
with a Boxing Day trip to An- ,1 
field looming ominously, even.'- 
their most ardent supporters-;^ 
remain unconvinced thai the ." 
manager has galvanized his men ■ 4 
sufficiently so irouble a team of- 
Liverpool's stature. 

On a day when Leicester 
revealed just why they arc. . 
languishing near the relegation 
2 one. United had the perfect, . 
opportunity to tuck into the./ 
Christmas programme with a*’ 
resounding victory. Instead" -* 
their appetite for a feast of goals- 
never surfaced and they were- 
content to pick at a Leicester ■ . 
side secminly resigned to a 
festive season loaded with 

With away games at Everton _• 
and West ’Ham. and home ' 
fixtures with .Arsenal and Shef- ■. 
field Wednesday. United's dev- . 
pendency seems understand- .. 
able, for Bryan Hamilton's men 
offered precious little other than ^ 
tight, man-toman marking and 
reckless ladling. 

5; was from one such clumsy " 
challenge by Ramsay which*; 
presented Gibson with ihcV 
chance io mark his first League' ' 
appearance since August with a 
free kick bent round the City 
wall and beyond Andrews io 
give United a I2th-minute lead 
after a promising sian. 

"Gibson had a quickness and 
spring about him." Ferguson 
said, but evidently it was not 
catching. Robson and Daven- 
port were noticeably subdued, 
although the England captain 
did shoulder the added . 
responsibility of nursings." 
O'Brien on his midfield debut 
for United. 

The Eire international, aged 
22. revealed nice touches and a 
si uniting shot but as the game 
drifted on. so he drifted imo 
obscurity. Davenport tried to 
revive the match with a 30th 
minute snap shot after intelli- 
gent work by O'Brien and 
Whiteside, but Andrews pulled 
off a splendid reflex save. 

United then attempted to give 
the game away after half-time. 
FirsL Hogg escaped with a 
dubious challenge on Smith on. 
the edge of the box before 
Moran, six yards out and un- 
marked, failed to connect with:-# 
Smith's cross. ■ 

Sensing danger Ferguson re- 
placed the tiring O’Brien with ■ 
Stapleton and within a minute ; 
United's fears dissolved. After a 
foul on the lively Olsen. Gib-« • 
son's floated free kick was.mci. . 
by a forceful Stapleton header* 1 
which Andrews could only push 
onto a post before the 
forwardpouneed to fire into the 
roof of the net. 

After tossing away successive 
3-1 leads against Tottenham 
Hotspurs and Aston Villa, this 
time United held on with appar- 
ent case, but Ferguson's joy at 
only his second win in charge 
was tempered by the recent lost 
points. He said: “It’s most 
frustrating because we couId'O 
now have been on a run of three. ^ 
straight wins. Instead we’ve got,' ; 
to star, building on one." 

With the journey to Anfield'- 
now looming, that seems a lalC" 

Sivetiaek. K Moran. G Hoag. C Geson. G‘ 
Strachan. B Robson. L 0 Bnen (sub: F 
Stepteton). P Davenport N Whiteside, J 

LEICESTER: I Andrews; P Ramsay (sub: 

R Kelly). J O'Neifl. R Osman. A Foamy. S 
Morgen. G McAJtisier. A Mauchten. I 
Wilson. A Smith. S Moran. 

Referee: N Ashley (Nantunch). 

Slaven’s goal puts Middlesbrough hack on top 

A 17th minute goal from 
Bernard Slaven, his I ltb of the 
season, yesterday restored 
Middlesbrough to the top of the 
third division before Brentford's 
biggest crowd of the season. 
Brentford, who also opened 
their new Brook Road stand, 
restricted completely to family 
groups, had only themselves to 
blame as Geddis wasted three 
easy first half chances. 

Mansfield's unbeaten home 

record in the League was broken 
in emphatic fashion by Wigan, 
who were set on the way to their 
5-1 win by two goals from Lowe 
in the first half and one by 
Campbell. Further goals from 
Jewell and Lowe, completing his 
treble, came before Kent set up 
Mansfield's consolation goal 
headed in by Collins. 

Notts County survived a first 
half of almost constant Carlisle 
pressure to win 2-0 at Brunlon 

Park. County took only two 
minutes of the second half to go 
ahead through a powerful 
header from Yales and it was 
after Wain put them two up 
after 75 minuies that Leonard 
assured them of the points with 
a point blank save from 
Saunders. Swindon hit back to 
take a point after being 2-0 down 
ai Doncaster. Burke headed 
Doncaster in from after seven 
minutes and Russell added the 

second in the 59th minute after 
a shot from Miller had been 
blocked. Doncaster looked in,- 
controL but White glanced in a * 
header after 66 minutes and- 1- 
Henry equalized seven minuies; * 

Northampton stretched their-, 
lead at the top of the fourth-!, 
division to 14 points with a 3-1 
victory over Lincoln. 

First division 

Arsenal 3 

Charlton 0 

Chelsea 0 

Everton 3 

Manchester Utd 2 
Nottingham For 0 
Oxford United 2 
West Horn Utd 1 


Luton Tom 

L i verpool 


W i m ble don 

Leicester CRy 


Aston Villa 

/ENTRY (2] 2 MAN CITY (1)2 
lulpin. Adams Redmond 2 

EFF WED (21 2 NEWCSTLE (0) 0 
hapman. 28.997 

rads haw 

Second (SvKuon 

Huddersfield Tn 1 CrysMPnl 2 

Portsmouth 2 Barnsley 1 



Saunders 2 [1 per), 9,220 


DERBY (3) 4 GRIMSBY (0) 0 

MtekJewMie. 14.440 

Davison 2. Gee 



Futcher. WUSams Abbott (pen) 

TOrd division 

Bounrmoutb Ww Okpofll P 
Bristol City 4 Bolton Wondrs 1 

Bury 4 Wafcufl 0 

Newport County 1 Rotherham Utd 2 

YorfeCily 1 Ftritiam t 




Yates, Watt 


Fourth (fiviskm 

Cambridge Utd 
Preston N-End 
Swansea City 

1 CiemAhn 0 

3 Rochdale O 

1 Orient 0 

1 Colchester UW 2 

Peterborough P 

1 SotrihsndtM 2 

Scottish premier division 

Dundee DM 

St Keren 

1 Aberdeen 
3 Hearts 
0 Rangers 
0 Mothsrwcn 

3 Clydebank 

Scottish first division 

Brechin City 1 Monan 


0 FertorAtti J 

Clyde P 

D Aiidtieoniam O 

1 Montrose J) 


Scottish second division 



(5) 7 

P W D L 
anal, 2012 5 3 
iogham For 2011 3 6 


in Town 
it Ham Utd 
Midi City 
entry City 

ml United 
Chester Utd 20 

casdeutd 20 
asterCity 20 
lion 20 
nvun 20 
chaster C«y 20 

sea 20 

2010 5 
2010 5 

20 8 a 
20 9 5 
20 9 5 
20 8 7 
20 B 7 

19 B 

20 9 
20 7 
20 6 
19 7 



1 10 
& 8 
7 7 
3 9 
7 B 
6 9 

6 9 

7 9 

34 10 41 
42 27 36 
39 22 35 

34 19 35 
36 28 32 
28 23 32 

22 19 32 
31 32 31 
28 30 31 
19 16 30 

26 25 28 

35 28 26 

24 34 25 
34 39 24 

25 25 22 
19 26 21 

23 31 21 
22 32 20 
19 30 20 

27 43 20 
21 28 19 
19 39 16 


(0) 2 
Sheridan, Baird 

Morgan 3. 

Saunders, Kefly, 

Ford, Dixon 
Lemcm. Gates. 


OWJiam Ath 
Derby County 
ch Town 

Burke. Russel White, " 

( 0 ) 2 




Gilbert (pon), 




Southend Utd 
Swansea CUy 
Preston N-End 

P W D L 
2517 6 2 

50 15 40 

S 15 6 4 42 19 36 
2415 4 5 43 14 34 

2016 3 

56 25 51 

Gotcnestar Uid 20 9 5 

1911 4 4 33 IB 37 
2010 5 5 30 22 35 
19 10 3 6 2S 23 33 

2512 9 4 

2513 7 5 
2410 5 9 
25 7 9 9 

37 18 33 
39 22 
37 32 25 
24 28 23 

P W D 
1912 4 


F A Pts 
33 17 40 

2011 6 3 25 13 39 
2011 4 5 29 18 37 

20 9 
20 9 
20 9 

35 24 34 
30 25 34 
29 22 31 

20 9 3 B Z7 27 30 

20 7 7 6 25 23 28 

110 29 34 28 

3 9 29 23 27 

8 7 27 27 27 

8 6 25 26 26 

20 9 
20 B 

Duthem League 
rentier division 



1 Gosport 
1 Alvechiiteh 
D Wflfenhafl 

1 Rdkestone 

2 Bodarortb 

0 Shepehod 

Midland division 

B ridgnorth 
me Oak 
Sutton C 

1 HafeMwen 


o vsr 



0 „ 

0 Forest on 

(them division 

Jvxn 0 Andowr 

2 ChaJHara 
2 Woodford 

2 HesttogsU 
7 Watertoo/te 
2 Ertth • 


s Poole 


■ Hi In ■ 









Leeds United 

Sheffield uto 

Crystal Pal 

StokeCjty ^ 

Blrminghwn City 20 7 

§E£SrSwn HI S s i 19 Zt X 

MUhviu 19 7 4 B 24 20 25 

aromon 20 6 6 8 22 24 24 

aSnSwyTn 20 7 310 19 26 24 

“IT 8ii:3.8B 

3* SU1SB3 

Ssr. IS J S3 3 I 3 

MANSHELO (0) 1 WIGAN (3) 5 
CoBns Lowe3, 

Campbell, Jewell 

P W D L F A Pis 

Middlesbrough 2012 5 3 33 16 41 

eangham 2012 4 4 29 17 40 

NottsCounty 2011 4 5 38 21 37 

1610 3 S Z7 23 33 
19 B B 3 33 19 32 

19 9 5 5 30 IB 32 

20 9 5 6 32 27 32 

9 36 33 29 

Exeter City 
Lincoln Cin 

Cardiff Cay 

18 & 7 
20 7 9 
20 B 6 

19 7 7 

6 34 30 32 

3 35 21 31 

4 26 >8 30 
6 28 27 30 

5 23 22 28 

6 33 28 27 

25 5 911 24 38 19 

24 6 612 21 36 18 

25 4 714 19 44 15 
2S 4 516 19 51 13 
24 1 518 17 55 7 

Utd 19 7 6 

20 B 3 9 28 30 27 

Wotuerhammon 20 8 210 20 25 26 


Swlndonfown __ _ 

Wigan Ath 20 9 2 - — « 

Mansfield Town 20 611 3 22 22 29 
DoneafittrRvrs 19 8 4 7 26 24 28 

Wei sal 20 8 4 " " "" 

Chesterfield 20 7 5 

Fulham 20 6 7 

Bristol Rovers 

8 38 38 28 

8 30 37 26 

7 28 32 25 

20 6 5 9 30 91 23 

18 6 5 8 24 28 23 

9 25 40 23 

7 23 29 21 

2 Ktegatonten 
0 Hendon 

3 CaraiaKcm 

Vauxfiall-Opel League 
Premier division 




First division 


Greys A 



Leyton W 


20 6 5 

18 5 B - 

20 312 5 21 27 21 

Rotherham Utd 20 6 311 22 33 21 

Buy 19 4 7 8 25 26 19 

Newport County 20 4 7 9 27 32 19 

Derkidon 18 S 4 9 22 33 19 

cartel LIM 20 5 411 19 3? 19 

Pori vote 19 4 510 27 23 17 

FA TROPHY: Hist round: Altrincham 1. 
Crook 0, Barking 2. Weymouth 2. Barnet 
6. Woking 0; Barrow T, Wnwev Bay v. 
Bishop Auckland 2, Runcorn 3: Boston 4. 

ham 1. Dutateh 0: Corby 0. Ashford 0: 

imi.&Mh Spartans 
3: Kettering 2. Yeovil 3: Kidderminster 0. 
Mosstov 0; Marine 2. Leek 1; Merthyr 1, 

20 8 7 7 32 33 25 
19 8 6 7 24 23 24 
Trarmoraflvre « & 6 7 28 27 2A 

Orient 19 7 3 9 22 27 24 

Crewe Atox 20 5 8 7 30 31 23 

Iteatord Utd 20 5 7 8 23 28 22 

Burnley 20 6 410 21 32 22 

Hattax Town 20 6 311 23 32 31 

I Utd 19 4 7 8 20 27 19 

18 2 9 7 16 26 15 

19 2 8 9 21 35 14 
19 3 412 11 34 13 

Danfort 1; Newcastle Blue Star 2, 
Stafford 1; Northmen 0, Burton 2; Saxash 
0. Fareham 2; Scarborough i. More- 
cambe 0; Southport 1 , Gateshead Z, 
Tetfort 1, Nuneaton 4; Trowbridge 0, 
Bishop’S Sterfford 1; WeaJdstone 1, 
Maidstone 1; VVeflhw 6. SI Albans 0: 
Weston-super-Mare 0. Worthing 5; Wyc- 
ombe P> Leamemead 0. Postponed: 
Httchm v Boreham Wood. 

FA VASE THid round: Hwant 2. Doriring 
(k Horsham 1 Hertford 1: Mangobfield 
United 3. Newport K3W 1. Postponed: 
Three Bridges v rearing. Third round: 
replay: Emfey Z Seaton DetavaJ- Seaton 
Terrace 1: Wisbech Z Paget Rangers 0; 
Barton Rovers 1. Vauxhall Motors Z ■ 
Rofisendate 4. Droyfeden 1 
vteterc Bognor 2, Kmgstowan 3; Hayes 0. 
Hendon 3; Sough 3. Carahalton 2. First 
dMstofe BHianeay 0, Leyton Wingate 0; 
□rays Ath 4. Kingsbury 0; Lewes 7, 
Finchley 1 ; Laytonstone/lRorti 2. Hampton 


Dundee Uid 
St Mirren 

1: Staines 0. Southmck Z Uxbridge 0. 
Tilbury Z Second dnaaiMr North: 
Wohrerton Z Hemal H e mp s tead 2. Post- 
poned: Wlvenhoe v Haringey Boro. See- 
■ and Avis ion south: Bsnssaad Am 1. 
Haraaeid 1: Easteoume United 0. Wotew 
0; Marlow 0. Peters field 2; Hungerford 2. 

Rows 0. Watford 3: Luton 6. West Ham 
1: Reading v Ipswich 1; Tottenham 1. 
MHiwaH 0. Postponed: Southampton v 


Coleraine 2; Baftymena 4, Bangor 3; 
Camck 0. Lmhad 3; Crusaders 1, 
Portadown 2: Glenairon 3. Dtsoaery 1; 
Gtereoran 2, CfiftonvOe 2; Newry 2. Lamo 

Thirt round: Chelsea Z Luton a Ipswich 
2, Crystal Palace 0; Southampton 2. 
Brighton 3. First (fivisiorc: MiHwaS 2. 
gingham 7; Tottenham 2. OPR 0: 
Fulham 1. Watford 1; Portsmouth 1, 
Norwicn Ctty 5; onem 4? c&mbndga 
Urwed S. Chartton 3. Southend UrwecO. 
Second AvkatoK Bristol Rovers 3, 
Wimbledon Z Southend United 1. Totten- 
ham 1 ; Oxford United 1 . Colchester United 
1; Brentford 0. Swindon 0. Postponed; 
Feadmg v Bournemouth. 

iftskw: Qevedon 5. BkJeford Z Clandown 
1. Radstocfc 3; Dawfah 1, Bristol City & 
Exmouth 1. Plymouth Argyle 0; Taunton 2. 
Frame 1. Postponed: Barnstaple v 

dMsteK Baacansflald United 0, Edgwore 
5; B n m sri awn Rovers 5. Waltham Aboey 

L F 
5 36 
8 39 

8 47 
5 39 

9 33 

A Pts 
21 33 

28 30 

34 29 

35 28 

29 27 

30 25 
38 24 

31 23 
35 23 
35 22 
50 17 
44 15 


East Frio 

P W D 

Dunlerm&ne 34 14 5 

Dumbarton 2513 4 

Morton 2512 5 

East Fite 25 812 

Audrieoraans 2511 5 

Kdmamodi 2510 510 36 

FortarAth 25 8 8 9 36 

Clyde 24 611 7 30 

Queen olSth 24 7 9 B 33 

Para* 24 7 8 9 32 

BrechinCtty 25 7 315 28 

Montrose 25 5 515 21 

0; Crown and Manor 2, Denson 0; Harwell 
6. Ameroham 4; Northwood Z Corinthian 
Casuals 0; Ulysses Z Beckton United 0. 
Postponed: Redhlll v Pennant: 
BarWng&kfe w Southgate. 


Fkai cSwsiwc ChesteHe-Straet 1. Gretna 
1; Eastngtcn 2. Whitby 0: Hartlepool Z 
Tow Law 0: North SteeUs 1. Peieriee 0: 
Ryriape CA 0. Spennymoor United 4. 
Second dnshm: Ain one* 0. BdSngham 
Town ft Astengton 1, West Auckland Z 
Brtlmgttam ^ntnoma 5. Cleveland Bridge 
1 ; Durham Cay 0. Shrfdon ft Eash Einrwig 

1, Stxmon Comrades 1; Horden CW f 
WiArnton 1 : Nonhallerton 0. Seanam Red 
Star £ Norton 2. Evenwood 3. 

LEAGUE: First (fiviskm: Curzon Aston 2. 
Fleetwood Z Gtossop 0. Leyiand Motors 
Z t*Ww 2, Raccfilte Borough 1; 
Netfwrtetd 0. Bootle 1; Permth 0, St 
Helene 4. postponed- Accrington Stanley 
v congteton: Eastwood Hanley v 
Burscough: Mam v stafy&ndge Celtic. 
Premier dhriekm: Attrcton 3. Bartley VW 
0; Boston 1 . Armthwpe Wefiara 3; Denaby 

2. Belpef i Eastwood 2, TTiacktey 1 ; Long 
Ezton 0. Farstey CeWc2; Pontelrac: CoS 

MULTIPART LEAGUE: Caernarfon 2. 
Workington ft Chortoy 1. Oswestry ft 
Wition D, Bangor Gey Z 
0, Maiden vale Z Faro ham z Bee 

Albion Rovers 
Alloa Athletic 
Queen's Park 
St Johnstone 

Ralth flowers 
Si Johnstone 
Afloa Athletic 
Ayr United 
Album Rovers 
Queen's Park 
East Stirling 

Stirling Aib 
2 Raith Rovers 
2 Ayr United 
2 East Stirling 

1 Stealmmufr 

20 810 
1910 5 
20 a 8 
1610 3 
19 9 5 
18 8 6 
1810 2 
18 6 6 
5 8 





F A Pis 
-ii 25 re 
37 18 25 
31 27 24 

27 24 23 
31 29 23 

23 14 22 
30 26 2 2 

24 20 18 

28 30 18 

24 27 17 
24 40 13 
23 32 11 
17 32 II 
17 33 9 

Virginia water O: Meretham 2, Crapstaad 
ftCranteign o. Westfield 0. 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Premier cfivislon: 

1. Gosport 1; fisher 1. 
. . rch 0: King's Lynn 0, WfllenhaB ft 
Redd rich 1. Folkestone 0: Salisbury 2. 
Bedwonh 1; Witney 0, Sheosheo 4. 
Midland dhrision: Gloucester City 0. VS 
Rugby 1: Mile Oak Rovers 0. Banbury 2: 
Moor Green 5. Weingbarough 1: 
Rushden 0. Hodnestord ft Sutton CokJ- 
IreW 0, Forest Green Rovers Z Bis ion 1, 
Halesowen 2. Postponed: Bridgnorth v 
Coventry Sporting; Leicester United v 
Leamington. Southern dhrfstore Burnham 
and H 0, Andover 3; Corimhtan Z 
Woodfwd 1; Dorchester 2, Hastings Z 
Dover Ath 7, Watecioowfle a Gravesend 
and N 4. Sheppey I; Thanat 3, RmsGp 1; 
Tonbridge 5. Poote 1: Canterbury Cite Z 
Chatham ft Dunstable 2. Entn and a i. 
replay: Brandon 4. Whrckham 3. 

round replay: Guisborough 3, 

Breniham Ath 0. Lowestoft 2: Clacton 1. 
Gorieston 0; Colchester Untied 3, 
Felixstowe ft Ely City 0, Sudbury 2; Greet 
Yarmouth i. Fusion 1; Sonam Town 
Rangers 1, Watton 4; Stowmartet 1, 
Chatters Z Thettwd 1. March Town 1. 
mier dMstan: Ash fi. Cnobham 2: Cobham 
0. Malden vato Z. Famnam Z Baa 

Siottold 2. Postponed: Potion v 
IrtJmgbOfOugh; founds v Desborouqh. 
Premier division: PannW 0. Bicester Z 
Pegasus Jumors o. Supermarine 1: . 
Rayrtfvs Lane 2, Thame 3; Shortwood 4, 
Fairiord 1 . Yate 1, Sharpness 1 ; Abingdon 
4, Moms Motors 1. Postponed: Hounslow ■ 

round: Hazel Is Aylesbury 1. Mantonheait 
United 0: Wallingford 2, Win Blow utd 2: 
Mdton Keynes Boro 1. New BradweS Si 
Peter 0 Postponed: Rackwell Heath v 
Buckingham; Windsor and Eton v 

Harwich and P 1. Saffron Walden 2: 
Heybrrdge Swifts 2. Harlow 1; Tiptree 3. 
Hornchurch 3; Halstead 1, Braintree 5. 
ESSEX LEAGUE: Senior section: Bngh- 
ttmgsea 1. Burnham 5; Carney Island 3. 
Wrtham ft East Thurrock 3. East Hem 1; 
Sta rated 2. Ford Utd 3. Postponed: Eton 
Manor v Sawbndgeworth; Purfleet v 
CrdfTTStord; Woodlord v Brentwood. 

ESSEX LEAGUE: Portals Ath 0. Eastleigh 
1; Portsmouth RN 0, Komdean 1; AFC' 
Tattoo 2. Roadsea 0; Steynmg 3, ShoEng” 
Sports 1. 

Challenge Cup: First round: Newh&ven O. 
Eastbourne Town 1; Stomngton 1, Lanc- 
ing 4 First division: Arundel 2, Shomnam 
2: Burgess Hifl 0, Horsham YMCA Z 
Kaksham 0, Haywarts Heath 3; Lit- 
ttehampton 4. Chichester City 1; 
Peaceriaven and T 0. Wick ft FortfieU 1, 

ARTHURIAN LEAGUE: Premier dhrakxc 
Carthusians 4, Brentwoods ft Ctvg- 
weftans 2, Etonians 3. First tfivtskm: 
Salopians 3. Hanoveris 1; Wykehamtste 
0. Westminsters 1. 

Multipart League ^ 

CaemartW' J W**™®** « 

1S3S&, 2 


Five: GytHiA 0. NMlwriands 2 (at 
Limassol). v 




Virqlnla Water 0: Merstham Z ChJpstead 
0; Crarrieagh D. Westfield 0. 

LEAGUE: Premier dtetsum Aitesey 1. 
HoOeach 1. BaUock 3, Spalding 0. 

Lmcoln City have begun work 
on a new £650,000 structure to 
replace their St Aodrews stand, 
which was condemned as a 
hazard. Lincoln were Bradford 
City’s guests at the time of the 
fire tragedy in which 55 people 
lost their’ lives. The Lincoln 
secretary. Geoffrey Davy, said 
Lincoln were determined to 
have all the latest and best safety 
precautions. Although work has 
started, the plans have been •. 
submitted to the local safety.' 
committee and are still under., 
discussion by the club, fire- 
brigade and the city building 
department. The club hope to > 
have spectator facilities com- -' 
pleted by AugusL 

* "J-V 






England bowlers find 
their second wind to 
finish off Tasmanians 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Hobart 

England had a good win ev ening ; Whitaker and Lamb, 
here yesterday, beating Tas~ were both out to Ellison alter England, 
mania by an innings and 96 they had laid foundations; then were, 1 
runs despite tbe loss of the /obey got his not out; Gatting Minister’s 
first day of the match. Having fell foul of a grubber, and when Sir R< 
gained a first innings lead of Foster kept his first-class bat- of cricket’s 
263. they bowled Tasmania ting average well in the forties, his beloved 
out a second lime, for 167, all England's victory was their captain for 

being over at just alter half thud of the tour against a state 
past two.The winds that had side, and their firet in Austin- 


blown oh earlier days were lia with an innings to spare 
made to seem like mete since the last Test of 1974-75. 
zephyrs by the gale which now The party flies to Canberra 
had the trees bending before it this morning for a one-day 

That they chose to build a 

cricket ground on a hill-top C/wphnfll 
does seem a little strange. But OCUiCUUSU 

there it is, anti. having much TASMANIA: First Inrtngs 79(1 

the better fast bowlers, Eng- tar20,PAJ ^SS*S 4 
land found a match and a pd Bowier run out 

pitch which suited them. Of KBmStew^^ebFo^Br 
the 20 Tasmanian wickets to GHugtesfewbDBFrauas _ 

and Foster five each, Gatting d j Buckingha m not ou t — 
three and one was run out. g 

The fact that Gatting tj coots? bDeFrefeu 

bowled more than anyone s 6 f5SL 6 f fT 3 £ ? 

yesterday was because be took Tr _. p ^ 

TASMANIA: Rret Inrtngs 79 (N A Foster 4 
lor 20, P A J DeFrates 4 tor 44). 

Second Innings 

P □ Bowler run out 1 

fR E Soule tow b 
■D C Boon c Emburvy b Gatting . 

DJ Buckingham not Old 

R M BBson c FUchanto b Smal .. 
fl L Brown c Lamb b Small 

tow b DeFrattas 

England, or MCC as they 
then were, first played a Prime 
Minister’s XI in 1954-55, : 
when Sir Robert Menzies, one ] 
of cricket’s great patrons, had 
his beloved Lindsay Hassett to 
captain for him. Eight years 
later, he persuaded Bradman 
to make a sensational re- 
appearance at the age of 54, 
only two years older than Jack 
Hobbs when be finished with 
Surrey and four years younger 
than W G Grace, who played 
hi$ last important innings on 
his 58th birthday, making 74 
for the Gentlemen against tbe 
Players at the Oval 
The Don bad not, in fact, 
played a serious innings for 14 

years. But he was playing golf 
off a handicap of one at the 

T J Cootey b DeFrattas 
S MH05zbSmal — — , 

S MBoszbSmal 

Extras (b 4. fa 8, w 4, nb 2) . 

the up-wind end for 15 out of fall of wickets: i-a. 2-1 i.mi.-wsl 
21 overs. The others could 5-32, 6 - 111 . 7 - 130 , 8-136. 9-164. 

probably have done with some 
of these themselves. Embuxey, 
for example, bowled only six 
overs in the match, though 
that is not to say he contrib- 
uted nothing. On the contrary, 
his 46 on Saturday, consisting 
entirely of boundaries, 
brought forward the time at 
which England declared, and 
yesterday he held a useful 

The best batting in Tas- 
mania’s second innings came 
from Boon and Buckingham. 
Boon was beginning to play 
very well when Emburey, at 
first slip, stuck out his right 
hand for a fast edge, knocked 
up the ball and caught it at the 
second attempt, foiling to his 
right. After promising very 
well last year, Buckingham 
was needing the 43 not out he 
now to get some con- 
fidence back. He is thick-set 
and four-square, and anything 
else that sounds sturdy, 
though his shape was accen- 
tuated by a heavy covering of 
sweaters. He was still getting 
into line and presenting a 
straight bat when he ran out of 

On Saturday, Slack made 
his best score of tbe tour, 
without playing quite as 
smoothly as he had on Friday 

BOWLING: Foster 15*37-1; Smal 133- 
3-44*3: Gatting 17-5-40-3: DeFrattas 8-0- 

30-2; Emburey 3*4-0. 

ENGLAND XI: Hist Innings 

B C Broad c MBosz b Cooley 15 

W N Slack c Bison b Brown , — — 89 
JJWhitakarc Soule bEKson — — 37 
AJLambc Budangftam b Bison — 19 
-tCJRKftwdsfawbMaosz 18 

P A J DeFrattas C Bradshaw b Mdosz .3 

C WJ Athey notout 30 

-MW Gating b Cooley 30 

J E Emburey c Bucfciigham b hfflosz 46 

N A Fbster c and b Brown 25 

(5 C Smafl not out 3 

Extras (b 3, l-b 5. w 1. n-b 18) — 27 

Tabd (9 wkts dec) 342 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-41.2-111.3-141 4- 
187. 5-198. 6-188, 7-234, 5294, 9-334. 
BOWLING: Cootey 21-585-2: Bison 
215-4-81-2; Brown 19-6-6S-2; MUosz 31- 
8-104-3; Bowler 2-0-19-0. 

Umpkes: S G Randan and D Gragg 

game tomorrow against the 
Prime Minister’s XI, a team 

off a handicap of one at the 
time and word came through 
that he was not only practicing 
assiduously in the nets at 
Adelaide but had begun to bat 
astonishingly well It was the 
greatest disappointment when 
he played on off his foot for 
four to Statham, tbe ball just 
dislodging a bail. Bradman 
never took guard a g ai n. 

Bob Hawke, now Prime 
Minister, never got a game for 
Oxford University, although 
he was a good enough fielder 
to be placed on alert during 
the University Match at 
Lord’s, should substitutes be 
needed. The next cricketing 
recruit to the parliamentary 
scene will be Dirk Wellham. 
captain of New South Wales 
and a candidate in the next 
state elections. Had he been of 
the right party, he might have 
been playing tomorrow. 

• John Emburey’s whirlwind 

chosen with the prompting of innings of 46 against Tasma- 
tbe Australian selectors- Cap- nia at Hobart set a world 

tbe Australian selectors. Cap- 
tained by Bonier, it includes 
Bishop, who is probably next 
in line to be given the chance 
to open Australia’s innings, 
and Whitney, who bowled 
England out for New South 
Wales last month. 

Botham will play and bowl 
a few gentle, exploratory 
overs, and French hopes to be 
back in action. Unless he takes 
it in turn with Richards to 
play in the two one-day com- 
petitions that are to come, this 
could be French's last game of 
tbe tour; but be deserves better 
than that 

nia at Hobart set a world 
record (the Press Association 
reports). The England off spin- 
ner made all his runs in 
boundaries, hitting 10 fours 
and a six, to record the highest 
completed inning s comprising 
only of boundaries in the 
history of first-class cricket. 

Previous record-holders, 
both with 44, were Peter 
Mamer for Lancashire against 
Nottin ghamshir e at Southport 
m I960, (four sixes and five 
fours) and Mike Harris for 
Nottinghamshire against 
Yorkshire at Bradford in 1976 
(11 fours). 

Gavaskar hundred Natal’s run 
forces stalemate diase ** . 

Sunil Gavaskar. India’s pro-, Dilip Vengsarkar, who made 57, 
line opening ba t sma n , consoli- added 1 1 7 for the third wicket. 


dated his world record of Test 
hundreds by hitting another — 
his 34th — in the first Test 
against Sri Lanka at Kanpur 

India ended the fourth day on 
321 for 3, with gavaskar un- 
beaten on 148, in reply to Sri 

SRI LANKA: First Imngs 

S Wanknuny Ibw b Stiarma 79 

R JRatnayaketwrb Kapil Dw S3 


A PGurusinghe b KanBDov __ 
R L Dias c AzharucHii b Arun - 
*L R D Mendra faw b Storms ._ 
A Ranatunga few b Manfader _ 

Lanka's first innings total of HI 

420. The match ends today, with 
a draw looking tbe only likely 
result after the second day was 
lost to rain. 

Gavaskar was solid, if un- 
spectacular, against an un- 
inspired attack on a pitch that 
assisted neither the spinners nor 
the quick bowlers, it was his first 
century in this north Indian 
industrial city, and he received a 
standing ovation from the 
crowd. He has now scored five 
more hundreds than Sir Donald 
Bradman, whose 29 is the 
second-highest total in Tests. 

Only fine fielding and intelli- 
gent field-placing restrained the 
Indian batsmen. 

They suffered an early setback 
when Raman Lamba was run 
out for 24, but Gavaskar and 

ALFdeMolcArunbStostri 25 

E A R de S«va Ibw b Ann 21 

G Lsbrooy not out 5 

Extras (b1.miQ.w&t»b19J 36 

ToW 420 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-158. 2-217. 3-217, 
4-286. 5-292, 6355. 7-355. 6389, 6394, 

BOWUNG: Km* Dm 30-11-81-2: Bharat 
Ann 27-7-763; Stonna 31-4-122-2; 
Mamndar 32-12-89-2: Stostrf 17-837-1; 
SrMontti 1-0-4-0. 

BUNA: First Innings 

SM Gavaskar not out ! 148 

K Srfckonth eda Atwis b Ftatnayafce _ 18 

R Lamba run out 24 

OBVBngsarkarcGurusingtabdoMel 57 

MAztoruddnnotout 59 

Extras {b 1. fa 3. n-b 11) 15 

Total(3 wkts) 321 

•Kapil Dm. R J Stostri. fK S More. C 
Stonna, Bharat Anm and ManMar Singh 
to bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-50, 2-100, 3-217. 

BOWUNG:* Msl 18-136-1: Labroo* 17- 
vhen Raman Lamba was run 3-79-0; Ratnayako 21-2-56-1; E a R do 
lUt for 24, but Gavaskar and Silva 27-7-66-0; Ranatunga 104-29-0; 

GuruSHXjlio 3-0-1 9-0. 

Imran top in the world 

Hong Kong (Reuter) — Imran 
Khan, the Pakistan captain, won 
a one-day aU-rounders' cricket 
contest yesterday with a fine 
display of controlled hitting and 
steady bowling. 

Imran scored 1 14 runs in the 
contest's specially devised scot- 

year, was runner-up with a score 

Durban. (Reuter) — A gen- i 
erous declaration by the rebel 
Australians enabled Natal Prov- 
ince to snatch a six-wicket 
victory with four overs to spare 
on Jhe final day of their three- 
day cricket match yesterday. Set 
a target of 232 to win in two 
hours and 25. minutes phis 20 ; 
overs. Natal gradually accel- ! 
era ted to the required run rate. 

Holms took three for 57 in 13 
overs of spin for the visitors, but 
with the pitch giving no help to 
the bowlers, acting captain, 
Rixon looked to have erred in 
an effort to produce a resnlL Tbe 
tourists declared at 238 for 
seven in their second innings 
shortly after lunch with 
Shipperd m aking 63. which like 
his first innings Imock of 78 not 
out. was a dour affair. In all he 
spent nearly right and a half 
hours at the crease. 

The Natal opener, Whitfield 
who followed his undefeated 
103 in the first innings by laying 
the foundation for the home 
side's victory charge with a 
useful 27 was later selected for 
South Africa in the first un- 
official “test” against the rebels 
beginning in Johannesburg on 

When Whitfield was out 

of 92 with Richard Hadlee, of shortly after tea' Hudson with 

ing system. Clive Rice, of South 
Africa, winner of the event on its 
debut in 1984 and again last 

New Zealand, third with S3. 

Imran scored 77 in bis eight 
first round overs in which be 
was out once, and 94 in the 10 
second round overs in which be 
was dismissed twice. He posted 
nought for 68 m the first round 
but bowled accurately to take 
four for 99 in the second. 

55, Bentley with an undefeated 
59 and Madsen (60) saw the 
home side safely to victory. 
AUSTRALIAN Xt Fkst Innings 227 lor 2 

and 238 for 7 dee (G Shipperd 63. P I 
Faulkner 55; Mct3ta5han4Tor 76) 

NATAL: First Innings 234 lor 3 dec (B J 
WMtfleto 103 not out T Madsen 53 not 
out) and 232 tor 4 (Bentley 58 not out, 
Madsen 60. Hudson 55, Hotels 3-57) 


Roses are too hot for Firebrands 

England's senior team, play- 
ing as the Roses, started the 
indoor season by winning tbe 
international dub tournament 
at Bristol yesterday after defeat- 
ini; Firebrands, tbe local side; 6- 
5 in the final. Roses, however, 
had dose calls on the way to 
success in a tournament they 
had won last year. They drew 5- 
5 with Slough and 8-8 with 
Menzieshill to take second place 
in the group, eventually relying 

By Sydney Friskin 
i penalty strokes for their place 
the final. 

RESULTS: Group A: Tube HU 2. WMton 
11; Firebrands 5, Fareham 4,- Tuse HIH 5, 

They led 3-2 at half-time after 2S^ fl ? E aS5^ lt 5 s, ?;Sf 8 5gf , | 
i» m • k... i..j w*? 0 9 - J. TuteeH* 6; 

taking a quick 2-0 lead, but had 
a fright when Firebrands came 
back to 4-4 and again to 5-5, 
before Sherwani sealed the foie 
of the game with the winning 
goal barely a minute from time. 
The scorers for Roses were Hill 
(penalty stroke). Nick Clark, 
Richard Clarke, Halliday and 

Shadows 8. Welten 11. GraupftGJouws- 
tar City 4, ManztesM 12; Rosas 5, Slough 
5. TedcSngton 8. Gtoucaster City 1 ; Slough , 
9. Msnztestiffl 5; Rosas 11. GtouceE&r' 
city 2: TedcSngton 7, MenztesttiB 9. SMS- 
floalK Walton 7. Rosas 7 (Roses won on 
Mtolty strokes): Slough 4. Firebrands 5. 
Fiftflfc Roses 6, firebrands 5. TtadptectE 
WettOrt 9. Slough 5. Fattc ManztesHB 6. 
Tube HSJ 2. Seventh: Shadows 6 
TedcSngton 4. Nfab Fareham 5, Glouces- 
ter City 3- 


Giants win earns home advantage 

The New York Giants earned 
the home-fiekl advantage for the 
conference play-offs in the Na- 
tional Football League by beat- 
ing the Green Bay Packers 55- 
24 on Saturday. The team with 
tbe home-field edge in the NFC 
have advanced to the Super 
Bowl in each of the last five 
years. Phil Simms threw three 
touchdown passes and Joe Mor- 
ris ran for 115 yards to aid the 
Giants, who won 14 games in a 
season for tbe first time. 

The Seattle Seahawfcs, beat 
the Denver Broncos 10-6 for 
their fifth consecutive win, to 
concluded the regular season 
with a 104 record, Seattle will 

By Robert Kirley 

earn a wildcard berth in the 
AFC play-offs if two of three 
teams — . Kansas City* New 
Fnglaml or Cincinnati — lose 
their final games of tbe regular 
season. Denver have already 
clinched the AFC West title, but 
their play-off opponents will not 
be established until New Eng- 
land, Cleveland and the New 
York Jos finish the regular 
season. Seattle’s win eliminated 
the Miami Dolphins and the Los 
Angeles Raiders from conten- 
tion for the play-off! 

The Seattle receiver, Steve 

each of eight seasons. Largent 
bad shared the record of seven 
such seasons with the former 
San Diego Chargers receiver, 
Lance A1 worth. 

On Friday night, the San 
Francisco 49ers beat the Los 
Angeles Rams 24-14 to win the 
NRT West title. San Francisco j 
held Eric Dickerson to 68 yards 
yards and Joe Montana threw 
two touchdown passes to lift the 
49ers. San Francisco will take a 
week off before beginning their 
play-off campaign; the Rams 
will face the Washington Red- 
skins in the NFC wild-card 

A weighty 
bid for 
victory by 



From John Ballantine 

Montego Bay 

Pomm elling the opposition: Tikho n kikh, perfection cm the bar, flows like the Don on the horse (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Girls ruling a woman’s world 

The rather uncomfortable 
phenomenon of the child prodigy 
tarns up from tim e to time m 
quite a few sports. In recent 
years we have bad Norman 
Whiteside playing in tbe World 
Cop at 16 and playing rather 
wall, ton. And, of comet them is 

It seems to me that this sport 

Boris Becker, who won Wimble- has lost its way. When women 

don at 17. 

are physically unable to compete 

These athletes are physical «pjtfa little girls, there most be 
and mental freaks. They something wron g somewhere. 

reached the top as boys but with The queenly women gymnasts. 

the bodies of men and with 
immatnre minds Hut thrived on 
stress and competition. In 
women's tennis and women's 

tike the great and graceful 
Ludmilla Tourischeva, are ex- 
tinct Instead, we have nothing 
bat little girls who go hippity- 

swi muting girls who mature in a bop under the stem eye of their 
fashion p hy sically and mentally 

suitable to their sport tm op why is it that aO the coaches 

AUAWtf HAAW TltAaf MvA faMc aMaIa . < ■ W Vt. ? 

every year. TT*y are girls able to are seven-feet wide, with shining 

hold their own in a 
woman 'ssport 

But tire sport of women's 
gymnastics is different Indeed, 
there is no such sport any more. 
All we have left is little girls' 
gymnastics. The more talented 
these little girls are, tire more 
uneasy they make ore feet In the 
Kraft International at Wembley 
over the weekend we had a 
glimpse of the Soviet Union's 
latest champion from tire 
PixievtUe and Toytown conveyor 
belt: Oksana Ometianchik, tire 
joint world champion. 

She is 16, with tire body of a 
12-year-old. Her bade bends in 
the middle tike a one-string 
fiddle. She has the dr rigaatr 
ponytail and all the phoney, 
cutesy charm that the Soviets 
ruthlessly coach into their teeny- 
tiny champions. To be fair, this 
one showed a perforating pres- 
ence that was out of tire or- 
dinary. She actually seemed to 
like it out there. The more usual 
elfin clones seem to be charming 
by irambers, with their hearts 
and minds cauterized. 

bald heads, ferocious mous- 
taches and great starchy bellies 
bulging from their tracksuits? 
One can only ymbfe about 
the extraordinary relationship 
they most have with their 
ToUtienesque charges. 

The sport has actually tried to 
improve thing s- The last code of 
points — “the little green book," 
as the sport calls it — was drawn 
up after tire last Olympics and 
served to bring more womanli- 
ness and grace into the sport. It 
was an attempt to end the 
endless tines of tittle girls 
scoring perfect 10s. 

But (be little girls still domi- 
nate the sport clearly the re- 
forms have not gone far enough. 
The si ght of people tike Henri- 
etta Onodi, of Hungary, aged 12 
and about one eighth the sire of 
the average coach, no longer has 
people going M aaah”. It makes 
one wonder wumH about her 
long-term physical, mental and 
spiritual health. 

It all began, of course, with 
the wholly delightful Olga 
Korbut Through being a lumi- 
nous. if not an incandescent, 
person, she brought oceans of 
wholly natural charm to the 
sport It was a delight at the time 

but the slavish attempts at re- 
capturing ihk have brought the 
sport to its present strange, 
uncomfortable and rather worry- 
ing state. 

Actually, Olga herself has 
suggested a solution to the 
problem. She surfaces every so 
often to make remarks that are 
printed in tbe Soviet Press, for 
she is still a mighty totem figure. 
She has suggested splitting tire 
sport into separate competitions 
for women and for tittle girls. 

Of coarse, British coaches 
regularly despair as yet another 
tiny Eastern bloc prodigy 
emerges from nowhere to out- 
strip their own girls. If only we 
had their system of excellence, 
they sigh, we'd give yon world 
champions. If we, too, trained 
little girls like racehorses we'd 
make dozens of pocket-sized 
champions. Britain, they say 1 
sadly, will never match such a 
system. Thank the Lord for that, 
say I. 

After scoring a second round 
record 62 almost smgle-han- 
dedlv in' the Mazda Champion- 
ship' in partnership with Jan 

Stephenson, of AusuaLa. to give 
them a one-stroke lead ow four 
pursuing pairs. Billv Casper was 
asked how he would feel were be 
faced on the final Ejetmwifea 
three-footer to win the 55UU.UU0 
(about £352.000) first pnze on 
Sunday. , _ 

^Tdon't know, because Fv e 
never had to do it", rephed the , 
stout Californian, who has the 
ultimate in what Americans call 
a 'laid back* manner to get the 
putter back. 

Casper holed some snorters m 
Saturday's heat with a large- 
beaded putter. But the rest of bs 
game also belied his 55 yean 
and, grossly overweight though 
he now is. his performance 
shows that finesse and touch are 
more important in golf, in the 
short term at least, than sheer 
fitness. _ 

Casper pitched to six feel, 
three feet and three inches for 

successive birdies from the 
t hirer hit a seven iron to a foot 
and another with the same dob 
to 15 feet for an outward 29. 

Miss Stephenson made a 
small contribution by holing 
from 20 feet for a birdie at the 
tenth, but then it was all Casper 
again; a 10 -fooier ax the 1 2th. an f . 
18 -fooierat the I4th and an easy 
birdie at the 512-yard 17th with 
a long drive, a four iron and two 
putts. His Australian 
partner-squeezed in a four-footer 
to save par at the last. 

As for as Charlie Owens, a 56- 
year old Mack pro from Florida 
vs concerned, gold isn’t all in the 
le gs, it's ail in the knees. He 
wrecked his left one in an amiy 
parachute jump but it's now- 
fused and pain-free. However, 
his right knee is constantly 
inflamed with cartilage prob- 
lems and he may need a total 
replacement His right eye is 
virtually useless and he uses a 
cross-handed baseball grip and a 
putter he made him sell (“to cure 
the yips") that is 50 inches long 
and weighs 3161b. 

Despite all this, Owens played 
quite beautifully with his part- 
ner Jane Geddes and stands one 
stroke behind the leaders. - 


(US unless stetedt 127: W Casper and J 
Stephenson (AusL 65. 82. 128c G Utter 
and B Pearson. 64. 64; J Fame and A 
Okamoto (Jap). 65, 63; B Grampian (Aus) 
end P Bradtey, 63, 65; C Owens and J 
Geddes, 67 Sf. 129: R Charles (N2J and A 
AJcott 64, 65: A Palmer and C Johnson. 
85.64. 13th M Barter and JDickirtsan. 63. 
67. 132: D Douglas and J Inkster. 65. 67. 


Tikhonkikh’s 10 out of 10 

Alexei Tikhonkikh, of the 
Soviet Union, scored the first 
perfect 10 in Wembley history 
when he won the horizontal bar 
event in the apparatus finals at 
the Kraft International yes- 

By Peter Aykroyd 

earned her the second highest 
mark of the tournament at 9.90. 

In the men's contest the 
Soviet Union won again with 
the competent Tikhonkikh lead- 
ing throughout after a pommel 

Draw enables 
Renard to 
keep his title 

lerday. Earlier, Neil Thomas, of horse exercise marked by effbrt- 
Britain. had won tbe gold medal less flow. 

for the men's floor exercise. 

On Saturday, with Oksana 
Omelianchik injured before the 
battle for the women’s overall 
title, her Soviet colleague, 
Natalya Frolova, established a 
dominant lead on vault and 
asymmetric bars. Her 
Yurchenko vault with fuQ twist 

Paris (Reuter) — Jean-Marc 
Renard, of Belgium, retained his 
European junior lightweight ti- 
tle on Saturday night when the 
judges declared a draw after an 
aggressive bout against Daniel 
Londas, of France. 

Renard, aged 30, who hwd 
already successfully defended 
his title twice, nearly clinch ed 
the match iu the second ronnd. 
He floored Londas twice, first 
with a right hook and later with 
a left. But Londas recovered and 
went on to dominate the bout 
for several rounds. He rocked 
the Belgian never put him on the 

H J|J 2 






Edwards and Hanley 
frustrate heroic Hull 


By Keith Macklin 

- i.ui-±LJU r 

HuB 11 

Wigan 12 

It is a thousand pities that one 
of these sides in a pulsating John 
Player Special Trophy semi- 
final had to lose. Wigan de- 
served to win this magnificent 

match at Headingley, but Hull's 
determined performance "de- 




GLASGOW: SctoM Francs 

37. Scotland 3. 


CHM40MX. France: WwM Cqx (70 1 
hmumfe 1. M Smgartn (Cz, 83S and 99 m 

determined performance 'de- 
served better than defeat 

It was a bruising, occasionally 
Mood-curdling cup tie. and the 
result was in doubt until the 
final hooter as Hull desperately 
bombarded the Wigan line. 

Before the game Len Casey, 
the Hull coach, and Crooks, the 
captain, believed that if they 
were spot oa with their (adding, 
they were capable of beating the 

second half and ordered the ball 
moved wider and quicker. 
Eventually tbe splendid Hull 
defence cracked and Edwards, 
the man of the match, made a 
break which saw Case send over 
Hanley near the posts for 
Stephenson to kick the goal. 

Vet Hull were not done. 
Pearce, their former Welsh 
rugby union international play- 
ing in the centre, crashed over 
the Wigan line after good work 
by Crane and Norton, and then 
kicked a superb goal from near 
the touch line to put Hull 1 1-6 
ahead. Back came Wigan with 
another brilliant break by Ed- 
wards and another piece of 
perfect finishing by Hanley. 

Gill kicked the difficult goal 
that enabled Wigan to go to 
Burnden Park, Bolton, on Janu- 
ary 10, where they meet the 

■SO- r, 

v rc 

trophy holders. In the first half winners of next week’s clash 
they managed their objective, between Warrington and 


»|p95.6.' 6.A Bauar IWG, 83 
7. K Nokotanan (Fin. 835. 90). tKl; 8. F 
nazMl (Swttz. 83, 925), 193* 9. R 
tiffllteXwnlRn, BO. 94). 191A 10. P 
Reymand (Swrtt 80, 825), 187.5. SteKBngt 

34; 7“. J Parma (Cz) and A Felder 

DAVOS, Swtara 

a (Nor), rad M Topes 
Cm OOtaa 


Ptaa-en u npyt i, T Ertegun (SweL Thr 30 
VSmknojfUSSH), IVSLOI .7; 
1C Maitoed; B m). i £MBA 4, G Swan 
(Sw), 130.11.8: 5. T Wa&sfaera (Swo). 
100.1 8.1 ; 6. A EM)uj< (USSR). VX&}&7. H 
torwwjwnl (ftOSiai.Tj t m Hole (Nor), 
131822; 9. A Proton* (USSRL 13104.1; 
10. V Safdnov (USSm. 131.(86; 11. A 
Sra*w tyssm. 13liBft 12 l Kaalwo 

(Swe). 131305: 13, L Twchtoe (USSR), 
mgBA 14. T MorgntetSwe). 131.424: 15. 
S-E Pangteon ( Swa). 13 1.405. Starafanx 
L&ran,62pt£ f lSnraw,«l-lEiiteSQa54; 

World title date 

Phoenix (AP) — Louis 
Espinoza, of the United States, 
has signed to meet Tommy 
Vafoy, of the Dominican 
Republic, for the World Boxing 
Association junior feather- 
weight tide on January 16 at the 
Arizona Veterans Memorial 
Coliseum, promoters said here. 
Espinoza is the WBA’s No 1 
contender with a record of 21 
wins and one defeat with IS 
knock-outs. His only loss came 
on a 10-round decision to Dana 
Roston in 1981 Valoy is ranked 
second by the WBA with a 
record of 20 wins, one defeat 
and 19 knock-outs. 

with Crooks setting a towering 
example. At half time. Hull led 

54) with a dropped goal from 
Crooks, and a try by Windley, 
the scrum half, who squirmed 
over from a close range scrum. 
All the efforts of Hanley, Lydon 
and Edwards to open up play for 
Wigan were in vain. 

Graham Lowe, the Wigan 
coach, switched tactics in the 


«£2“j5!£ ffi ntfey. Pearce. 

KEl a o 


Referee J Hoidswarth (Leeds). 

Wakefield humbled 

By Keith Macklin 


they relumed to form agirm the? rJSfflg! 5“* 

WaLfiS^i d&. neighboure ' hJwSSSto 

Trinity, without a win in the Ke 'T 

Get > 



coach in Trevor Bailey, fought 
hard in the first half and at one 
stage were level at 6-6. However, 


In the second division Fid- 

Mb» 548bsc 2, FHrad. ISMt* 3, 
2 *J 0 . 03 A- 7 . E*H Germany 200 . 1 9 . 0 ; 8 . Italy, 

(730 unless stated) 

Freight Rover Trophy 

stage were level at h-o. However, ham mniniah^i Z 

heat and began to move the ball over Ymi , wm 

flhout huee cans anneamf in j . Hunalet re- 

about huge gaps appeared in the turned tn iLJTT tl ® a ® tes ’T' 
Castle ford form with a 50-nnint thrachin^ 


gradra.5(^2ften«ay 1 3S:aSwttMrlrail. 

COGUE, imp Vtadd Cup Woman amn 
cnrascowprt i. Q MUcafem.mai seSn 

Largent, became the first player sltins in the NF 
in league history to catch passes game next Sunday, 
for more than 1,000 yards in 

Beckratom 3 , GuUdtoni 1 : enram 1, Gpenov 
8; DuMte a Sutton 1: Houteuw 2. Okf 
Igiispw'ans 1: Maktenhaa) Z Wfinfatodon 0: 
PuS»i. Brentev z St Afaras a. Hampstead 
Ct So^bate 5. Wwtxtotp Kamfcs 1. 
DtetoreCi«teol«wJ2, HaiteMcri Masses 1; 
Hortefa wradun 3. Bwanad 0. 
afaMSuiw Begintot (tost 5. Hm*te Old 

fH 6739.0:5. 57:15*6, 

A Boe (Noh, 57346: 7. M Emsos (No*}, 
5737.1: 8. E Krafea ISMtU 57.-403; 9, C 
Braeggar fSwttr). 57:463; 10. M Johansson 

„ 1 rauri: 1. touwv. inr 

(MA 46M6; 2. 131:13; 3, 

Swradan, 13131; 4, Swttzstaid, 13134; &. 
Em Qranray. 13136. 8. Rahr. 13234; 7 . 
Fwsjd. 1:0227: 8. CanaS7 13333; 3. 
> u m jo. Ambfa. ijfeM 

Port Vale v Hereford 

Rochdale v York — — 

CENTRAL LEAGUE (7jOL- Fffst (fivMoo: ; 
Leioesur v SundBrtand; MtcMtoshmegh v , 

Coventry, second dulskn Samstey * 1 
Huater aflatt Wigen vPrestoa 
FOOTBALL COfeWATIOre Swtndon v , 
QPflg.0). 1 

GM ACCEPTANCE CUP: Second round: ; 
Alvochurcti v Oswestry. 1 

Hut round: Gosport v Fareham. . 

AC DBjCO CUR TIM lOWKfc Stowxjr v 

easy 40-1 2 victory. 

Two of the tries were scored 
by tbe strong-running Austra- 

j**P*fS Btrm CHAMPKMSW*- Bar- 
vmne9'D; a 

lian second row forward Brett gSSnKjP k ?! am « 1 mSEP if 
Atkins, but the best CasUeford «■ ****”«■ 1 

try came from the young stand- York 
off half, Shaun ’Irwin, after a 

Bradford v 
Adorn 16 

off half, Shaun Irwin, after a 
splendid break by John Joyner. 

Tbe undefeated league lead- 
ers, St Helens, bounced back 
after their, reverse in the John 
. 4 :-: • 

■ V. ^ 



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Edited by Peter Dear and Peter Davalle 

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• Ordinarily, seven hour-lone 
documentaries would be more 
than enough to do full justice to 
the theme of the Second World 
ttar's impact on Mr. Mrs. and 
Miss John Citizen. Bui the truth of 
the matter is that at end of 
tonight's concluding film m A 
People's War (Channel 4. 10.15). 
which has analysed the many 
facets of the homefront’s experi- 
ence with a remarkably fine eye 
tor detail, there is such a rush to 
dot the i’s and cross the t’s. that we 
arc left with the feeling that once 
the killing stopped, there was no 
cash left in the production 
company’s kitty to embark on the 
job of counting the cost of the 
cataclysm in terms of dashed 
expectations. There are, it is true, 
the beginnings of such an assess- 
ment at the end of tonight's 

6.00 Ceefax AM. Mews headlines, 
weather, travel and sports 

6-30 News headlines foSowed by 
The Hints tones, (r) &55 

7.00 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough and SaUy Magnusson. 
National and international 
news at 7.00, 7.30, 8.00 and 
830; regional news and travel 
bulletins at 7.15, 7.45 and 8.15; 
weather at 7.25, 7.55 and B-?S, 

6.40 Watchdog. Consumer a flairs 


instalment. The commentary 
speaks of three or the five giants 
conjured up by Beveridge in his 
report on social insurance — 
squalor, want and idleness - still 
not having been vanquished. But 
little attempt is made to follow up 
the thought offered by Picture 
Post's Tom Hopfcinson that the 
general desire in the country was 
for the people's war to be followed 
by a people's society. Perhaps I am 
expecting more of the closing 
chapters of A People's War than 
the films saw it as their duty to 
deliver. If I am guilty of this, it is 
probably because, during the past 
seven weeks, the series as a whole 
set a high standard below which it 
never dropped. My one reserva- 

with a brontosaurus, a epant 
lizard, and other prehistoric 
beasts. Directed by Don 
Chaff ey 330 Cartoon. 

3.50 Henry’s Cat 4.10 Super Ted. 

(r) 4.15 Odysseus the Greatest 
Hera of Them AM. Tony 
Robinson with another tale 
from Greek mythology. 

430 Blue Peter indudes carol 
singing by the massed choirs 
of Allfarthing Primary School, 

tion about it still stands, however. 
As it offered so many first-rate, 
first-hand accounts of wartime 
experiences, it was a mistake to 
alternate them with Mass 
Observation reports spoken by 

• The Oldest Goose in the Easi- 
ness (BBC2, 9.30pm). an everyday 
tale of pantomime folk, is a hit- 
and-miss affair. Barry Davis has 
set bis {day in an Oldham which is 
shown to be sadly deficient in 
Christinas cheer. The town band is 
playing God Rest Ye Merry, 
Gentlemen sure enough, but the 
drummer welcomes a new arrival 
with sour comments about the 
town being full of glue sniffers and 
West Indian hair-do’s. Where the 
play hits is in its understanding of 
the disenchanted way that some 
theatre folk, professionally a mil- 

lion miles away from London, 
behave when there is nowhere for 
them to go but down. Where it 
misses is in its attempt to develop 
the main point that 1 assume it is 
trying to make. Olivier has said 
that when he builds up a 
characterization, be begins with 
the feet. The retired panto goose in 
Barry Davis’s play (he is very well 
played by Jimmy Jewel), also 
sums at the feet, and he strikes a 
responsive chord in the earnest 
young ASM who thinks that, when 
trying to get at the theatrical truth 
Of things, it is the essential 
gooseness that counts. It is, rejoins 
the venerable performer, no good 
being a goose unless you are your 
own goose. Sadly, this meeting of 
minds is untidily explored 

Peter Davalle 

• ->A>- • V ' 

nmt. 1* * 

Tracey U llman as Ethel in Daisy Ashford's The Young Visiters (C4, 830pm) 


programme of highlights of the 1 Gordon Honeycombs at 630. 

week's proceedings m foe I 7.00, 7.30, 8JW, 830 and 9.00; 

9.00 Ceefax. 

1020 The Week to the Lords. A 
reoeatof vBstardav*s 
programme of highlights of tht 
week's proceedings m foe 
House of Lords, presented by 
Christopher Jones. 

11-00 Songs of Praise. Carols by 
Candtelight Irom Ripon 
Cathedral, (r) (Ceefax) 

12JOO FHm: The Mark of Zorro* 

6-15 TV-on: Good Morning Britain 
presented by Ann Diamond 
and Mike Morris. News with 

presented by Lynn Faulds 
Wood and John Stapleton. 

8.55 Regional news and 

9.00 News arid weather 9.05 Yogi 
Bear. Cartoon, (r) 9.10 Ptoy 
Chess. Wifliam Hartston 
presents the first of a new dally 
seres 9.20 Wacky Races, (r) 
930 Alice to Wonderland. 
Cartoon version, including the 
voice of Nigel Hawthorne as 
Lewis Carroll, (r) 

10.00 News and weatner 10.05 
Neighbours, (rl 10-25 
ChUdmn’s BBC. Andy Crane 
with programme details, and 
birthday greetings. 1030 Pfay 
School. Iu.50 Wfflo the Wisp. 


1035 Five to Eleven. Joanna Lumley 
with a thought for the day 
1 1.00 News and weather 11.05 
The Dukes of Hazzard. Boss 
Hogg tries to defraud his late 
unde's estate and encounters 
the ghost of Silas. 

11.55 Junior Kick Start. The first of 
three heats for the Norwich 
Union trophy. 1230 A Song 
For Christmas. The first of 
three programmes to find this 
rear's Song For Christmas. 

The guest is Aled Jones. 1235 
Regional news and weather. 

1.00 One O’clock News presented 
by Martyn Lewis. Weather. 

135 Nogboure. Max and 
Shane hare an argument 130 
Bertha, (r) 

2.05 Fine One MOfion Years BC 
(1966) starring Raquei Welch 
and John Richardson. 
Adventure yam In which the 
shapley Miss WBidr competes 


Schot3, Kesslngtand School, 

the BBC Symphony Chorus, 
and the band of the Chalk 
Farm Salvation Army. (Ceefax) 
530 The Box of DeUgnts. Part 
one of a three-episode 
dramatization of John 
Masefield's tale, (r) (Ceefax) 

6.00 Six O’Clock News with 
Nicholas Witch ell and Andrew 
Harvey. Weather. 

6.35 London Hus. 

730 Wogan. Terry in a tete-a-tete 
with Michael Crawford. 

7.35 The Golden Okfie Christmas 
Show. Dare Lee Travis 
presents up-to-date videos of 
old Christmas favourites. 

8.00 Porridge. A classic episode 
from the hit comedy series set 
in Slade Prison, starring 

' Ronnie Barker and Richard 
Beckinsale. (r) 

830 Three Up, Two Down. Comedy 
series about an iH-matched 
couple sharing the basement 
fiat of their children's' home, (r) 

930 Nine cyciock News with Jufia 
Somerville and Andrew 
Harvey. Regional news and 

930 Hhic North Sea Hijack (1979) 

swashbuckflng silent set In 
Mexico with Fairbanks as an 
ineffectual aristocrat by day 
and Zorro, the defender of the 
poor and the oppressed, by 
night Directed by Fred Nlblo. 

135 See Heart Christmas SpaciaL 
A repeat of yesterday's 

starring Roger Moore. James 
Mason, and Anthony Parkins. 
An eccentric secret agent is 
pitted against a gang of 
ruthless men who are hokfing 
to ransom a Norte Sea oS rig. 
Directed by Andrew V 

1135 Bette Midler -Ait or Bust! The 
raucous Miss Midler's stage 
. show recorded at the 
University of Minnesota. 

1235 Weather. 

It < 

’ - 

? ‘V m 

2.15 FBna: Peter No-TaB (1981) An 
animated tale from Sweden 
about a kitten, shunned by Ms 
family, who is taken to a new 
home by a passing motorist 

3.40 News, regional news and 

330 Film: They Flew Alone* (1941) 
starring Anna Neagls ana 
Robert Newton. The story of 
Amy Johnson and her husband 
Jim MoNison, aviators who 
thrilled the world in the Thirties 
before their marriage turned 

530 Dome sd a y Detectives. Two 
teams from the original 16 
battle out the final of the quiz 
on Britain and the British, (r) 

630 No Lhnfts. The last programme 
of the rock magazine series. 

7.00 Film: 1941 (19/9) starring Dan 
Aykroyd. A Steven Spielberg 
comedy about the panic when 
a Japanese submarine is seen 
off the coast of CaNfomia six 
days after the Attack on Pearl 
Harbor. In Los Angeles, the 
area's commanding officer is 
being harassed by nervous 
civilians, and is concerned by 
tlw eccentric behaviour of fits 

930 Coont Comedian Phil Cool 
with the last programme of his 

9-30 The Oldest Goose in the 
Business. A play by Barry 
Davis, who orfepnally wrote the 
work as a short story for ratfio, 
about a crisis facing a 
pantomime season m Otdham. 
Mother Goose rehearsals hare 
begun but there is no Mother 
Goose, and In the first 
instance, the assistant stage 
manager is sent to find a 
costume. By luck he bumps 
into a retired comedian wmh a 
suitable set of feathers. 

Starring Jimmy Jewel and John 

1030 The American Him Imitate 
‘ Salute to BHIy Wilder, 
introduced by Jack Lemon. 

WHh contributions from, 

financial news at 635; sport at 
630 and 7.40; exercises at 
635; cartoon at 735; pop 
music at 735; and Jimmy 
Greaves's television highlights 
at 835. Wacaday with Timmy 

935 Thames new* headlines 
followed by The Leopards of 
Kora. Two leopard cubs, bem 
in captivity, are taken to a 
rehabifitatton project at the 
Kora Game Reserve. Kenya. 

1030 F%n: The Toughest Man m the 
World (1984) starring Mr T. A 
made-for-tfitevision yam about 
a tough ex-marina who enters 
a strong man competition n 
order to raise money for a 
youth centre for troubled 
youngsters. Directed by Dick 
Lowry. 1135 Silent Night with 
Jose Carreras. Songs Tor the 
festive season recorded in the 
chapel of Obemdorf, a village 
in Austria. 

1230 Baby and Co. Lesley Judd and 
dr Miriam Stoppard discuss 
working mothers, (r) 

130 News at One with leonard 
Parkin 130 Thames news. 

130 Fane The Pink Panther Strikes 
Agate (1976) starring Peter 
Sellers, Herbert Lorn, and 
Leonard Ross tter. Dreyfus 

wbere^be^ arnfo^o^^lcir ■ ' ’ 
had sent him, and begins to 
build a world^wide criminal 
network dedicated to the 
extermination of the bumbling 
detective. Directed by Blake 
Edwards. (Oracle) 336 Hhn: 
Peter and the Wolf (1946) An 
animated Walt Disney 

335 The Young Doctors. Medical 
drama serial set in a large 
Australian dty hospital 4.15 
Dodger, Bonzo and the Rest 
Children's home resident. 
Dodger, takes a Christmas job 
-in a London store. Starring Lee 

5.15 Blo ckb us te rs. General 
knowledge quiz game for 
teenagers, presented by Bob 

5.45 News with Alastair Stewart 
6.00 Thames news. 

635 Crossroads. Staff shortages 
hit the motel - but help is at 

7.00 The Krypton Factor. A 

radiopharmacist: a marketing 
manager: a port oF Felixstowe 
manager: and a sales rep., 
compete in the Group D final 
which comprises sen gruelling 
tests including landing a Bnbsh 
Airways 747 by simulator. 

730 Coro na t io n Street The Trfsleys 
are spending Christmas ureter 
the cloud of impending divorce 
and Susan Baldwin is stiU 
seething over her husband's 
deceit about his son. (Oracle) 

830 The Yarwood Chat Show. The 
comedy impressionist is joined 
by Kate Robbins. Five Star, 
and Linda Nolan. 

930 North and South. George 
Hazard and Orry Main find 
their long-standing friendship 
strained by the tensions 
between north and south. This 
final episode continues after 
the news. (Oracle) 

1030 News at Ten. Weather 
followed by Thames news 

1030 North and South. As the Cfvfl 
War looms the Hazards and 
the Mains struggle to keep 
their friendships. Starting 
Patrick Swayze, James Read, 
and Lesley-Arme Down. 

1130 The Johnny Cash Christinas 
Special from the Grand Ole 
Opry, Nashville, with Jerry Lee 
Lewis, Andy Williams, and 
comedian Steve Martin, with 
two fi^ns featuring WHie 
Nelson, Kris Kristofferson, 
Merle Haggard, and Barbara 

12.15 Tales from the Daricskte: tH 
Give You a kH&on. Two 
millionaires dream up the 
ultimate bet ■ 

1240 Ifight Thoughts. 

S others, Fred 
vray, Audrey I 

Devin Stanfield and Patrick Trim 
Masefield's The Box of Del 

ton in episode one of John 
hts (BBCl, 530pm) 

MacMuiray, Audrey Hepburn, 
and Walter Matthau. The 
progr am me heralds a season 
of wilder Sms beginning with 
The Seven Year Itch, to be 
seen on Christmas Eve. 

140 Weather. 

Mike Yarwood as President Reagan in jnbOant mood: The Yarwood 
Chat Show, on ITV at 8.00pm 


230 Rtoc Daemon (1985) starring 
Susannah York. A drama made 
by the CMdren's F3m Unit 
about an 11 -year old boy, Nick, 
who is disturbed by his parents 
business trip to the United 
States at the same time as his 
family's more to a new house. 
Unhappy at school, his only 
friend is the psychiatrist who is 
on hand when supernatural 
events threaten to destroy him. 
Directed by Cohn Finbow. 

430 Eric Bristow - ’Arrogant 

Irresponsible Genius' A profile 
ot the international darts 
player, seen in action at the 
board and at the pub/dub he 

430 Fibre Star Spangled Rhythm* 
(1942) starring Betty Hutton 
and Eddie Bracken. Comedy 
musical about a film studio 
telephonist's efforts to prevent 
a sailor from learning that his 
father is just the gate-keeper ol 
the studios, instead, as he 
boasted to his son, Head of the 
Studio. With a host of 
Paramount stars in walk-on 

g arts. Including Bob Hope, 
ing Crosby, Alan Ladd, and 
Veronica Lake. Directed by 
George Marshall. 

635 Unicorn hi the Garden. An 
animated version of James 
Thurber's battle of the sexes 

630 TaBung to Writers. Hermione 
Lee in conversation with 
RK.Narayan, the Indian author 
whose first novel was 
published in 1935 on the 
recommendation of Graham 

730 Channel 4 News with Peter 
Sissons and Christabel King 
includes an interview with 
Pakistan's President Zia by 
Trevor McDonald. Weather. 
830 Brookside. Sheila has at last 
come to terms with her rape 
and she and Bobby decide to 
throw a Christmas party, and 
all the neighbours accept; foe 
CorkhBI's nave their mortgage 
frozen, but that is the only 
respite from their money 
troubles; and Damon has gone 
off Gail who doesn't seem to 
know when enough is enough. 
830 Film: The Young Waiters 

(1984) starring Tracey Ullman. 
A made- for- television tale of a 
nine-year-old's vision of grown 
up romance and social class, 
written by Daisy Ashford in 
1890. With Kenny Ireland, 
Carina Radford, and John 

10.15 A People’s War. This final 

programme of the series about 
the Home Front during the 
Second World War examines 
the hopes and dreams that the 
people had of peace. (Oracle) 
11.15 The Eleventh Hour Turn H Up. 
Girl Zone, a film made by 1 1- 
to 15-year old girts about 
agony aunts. They teen 
investigate the world of 
advertsing, racism in east 
London, me News 
International dispute, and 
pirate radio workers. Ends at 


WALES. 635-7a0p« Wales To- 
pov 1 day 7.35-BJJ3 Homo Brow 12JK- 
IUSbri The Sky A! MgM 122S-1230 
News ol Wzles Headfcnes and Weemer Closa. 
NORTHERN IRELAND. £00-5.10pm Cam- 
eo 5.10-535 The Hnstones &3S-540 Sport 
&40-&00 Inside Ulster. 123-12.1BMI 
Northern Ireland News. EMQLANO. CL3S- 
Taopm Regional news magazines. 

ANGLIA London except: 

1-20pm . 1 . 30 (tore 5.15445 

Who's The Boss* 6JM-&35 About Angfaa 
12.15am Sounds Like Ctinsmtas. Closedown 

BORDER g i5£«SSchnsn»s 

Tim Men 130-1 JO News a«5-4-1S Sons & 
Daughters &00-&35 Lookaround 12.1Sam Cto- 

fiiMJBAL OlOq-sjs 

News 12.15am Contact 235 Jobfinder 135 

CHANNEL ^ London except 

12 noon-1Z3qpni Christmas 
Tree Men 1.20-1.30 News 5.15-545 Sons and 
Daughters S40-&SS Channel report T2.15aai 


mas Tim Men 130-130 News 6JXW35 North 
Tonghi 12.1 5em News. Closedown 


mas Tree Men 130-130 Granada Reports 
X45-4.1S Sons and Daughters SaO Granada 
Reports 6-25-7-00 Crossroads 12.1 5am Wd- 
nt^A Legends 12M Ctoaedown. 

HTVWEST ^^gk^, 

mas Tree Men 130-130 News B4HW35 Nawa 
12.15am Something's Coming. Closedown 


Six 12.15am Closedown 


mas Tree Men 130 News 130 Live at Orw- 
TMrty 240-335 Film We'rs No Angels X40 
Short Story Theatre 4.104.15 Canadan Doco- 
metnary 5.15-5.45 Moviemakers 630-635 
Scotland Today 12.15am Lata CA Closedown 

TCUf As London except 
. - ... 12 noon- 1230pm Christmas Tree 
Men 130-1 30 News 5.15 GusHonevOun 530- 
&45 Crossroads 600 Today South west B30- 
730 Afind Your Language f2.l5am For Us a 
C3i8d 13 Bom. ClOSOTOwn 

TVQ As London except 
— 1 1 2-noon-1 239pm- ShristmaF Tree Mon 
130-130 News 5.15645 Sans and OaugMaro 
630-6JS Coast to Coast 12.15am Company, 

TYNE T FFS AS London except 
1 Tine I ECO 12D0Qn- 1 23qp m Chrtst- 
mas Tree Men 130 News 135-130 Lookar- 
ound 830635 Northern Life 12.15am Holi- 
ness of Christmas, Closedown 

Tree Men 130-130 LunchUme 340-4.15 Sons 
and Daughters 630635 Good Eronlng Utstar 
12.15am News, Ctoaedown. 


mas Tree Men 130-130 News 345-4.15 
Country Practice 600635 Calendar 12.15am- 
BJOO Music Box 

CA£ Starts: 

12 noon Fflm: Throe Came Home* 
230pm Countdown 230 Fim: Let Freedom 
Ring- 435 Ltinou Dydd Ulun 430 Y Trotaw a 
Thren Y Nadofeg 445 Chwarter Call 530 Pm a 
ChynHon S30 Mud end Guts 630 Roc 'Rol Te 
730 Dyddadur Malr 735 Netvyddion 735 
Seinuau'r Data 740 Y Dyn tiam Ddwyn Y Dtata 
9.10 G2tad.(iwiad! 945 Rhogor 0 Wynt 10.15 
Y Byd Ar Bedwar 1045 Y BydAr Bedwar 1045 
Hale and Pace Chrtstnas Exnavagando? 1145 
Who Dares Wins 1230 Ctosadown 

Radio 3 

Radio 4 

Cream dp No. 52 

MF (medium wave). Stereo on 
VHF (see below). 

News on the hatF-hor from 

Roast with a 
golden touch. 

then at 1030 

News on the haft-hew from 
630am untt 8-30pm then at 1030 
and 1230 imdiughL 
530am Adrian John 730 MBra 
Smith's Breakfast Show find at 

1132 Madonna) 1230 
Newsbeaf (tan PaldnsonJ 1245 
Gary Davies 200 Dave Lee 
Travis 530 Newsbeat (Ian 
Parkinson) 5 l 45 Bruno Brookes 
730 Janice Long 1030-1200 Johr 
PWI Festive 50. VHP stereo 
Rattiosl & 2- 430am As Radio 2 
I030nn As Radio 1 1200- 
430am As Radio 2 

Crowning Glory 



Only fresh Cream lets you 

give a spectacular golden . Ky 

touch to turkey or chicken - with delicious results. 

Heat together 2 tablespoons each of honey and 
vinegar, until runny. 

Remove from heat and stir in 4 tablespoons of 
fresh Single Cream. 

Use to baste turkey or chicken (whole or portions) 
for the last Va hour of cooking time to 
a wonderful flavour and truly golden 
colour. You’ll use this crowning 
glory with every roast. j v 

Get fresh with the 

cream this Christma&T^^^^ 

MF^medkon ware). Stereo on 

News on the hour. HeadBnes 
530am, 630, 730, 830. Sports 
Desks I.QSpni, 202, 332, 432, 
5.05, 6.02, 6-45 (mt onM 9J55- 
430am Goto Berry Ray 
Moore 730 Dersk Jameson 930 
Ken Bruce 11.00 Jimmy Young 
135pm David Jacobs 230 Gloria 
Hun reford joins the crowd at 
Hamxta 3^3 Mke D'Abo 535 John 
Dunn 7.00 Alan Dell with Dance 

Madeline Ben 930 Humphrey 
Lyttelton (Jazz on record) 1030 
Acker's Away (Acker BBk and 
Paramount Jazz Band) 1030 
Star Sound. Nick Jacksonptaye 
soundtrack requests. 11.00 
Brian Matthew with Hotted 
Midnight 130am Charles Move 
330430 A Little Night Music. 


6.55 weather. 730 News 

735 Morning Concert: Lars- 
Erik Larsson (Pastoral 
Suite Op 19: Stockholm 
Smfonletta), Lanher 
(Neue WAener Larafler, Op i), 
and Diabefi (Wiener 
Tanz both works played by 
Bella Musica Ensemble 
of Vienna). Schubert 
(Impromptu'll G flat. Op 
899 No 3: Brands!, piano), 
Handel (Utrecht Te 
Deum: Chair of Christ 
Cool lege Cathedral, 

Oxford/ Academy of Ancient 
Music, conducted by 
Simon Preston ). 830 News 

835 Concert (continued). 

Bach (Orgetoucti lain Nos 
1 to 8, BWV 599-606: Jacob, 
organ), Francatx (Quartet 

for cw aiwtata and string 
trio: Flat Concertino}, 
Berwald (Sinfoniesfigutiere 
in Cr Gothenberg SO). 

930 Records 

935 This Week's Composer: 

CPE Bach. Indudmg 
Harpsichord Concern rn F, 
Wq 43 No1( Melania 81 
Orche st ra, write Bob van 
Aspatm harpsichord). 
Fantasia in B flat, Wq 61 No 
3 (Gustav Leonhardt 
davchord). Quartet in A 
minor, Wq 93, Sinfonta in 
D, Wq 183 No 1 (ECO), and 
Solleggletto in C minor, 

1030 Chopin: Paid Berkowitz's 
piano recital indudes the 
Scherzo No 4 In E. Op 54; 
and Mazurkas Including 
tee B flat irtnor, Op 24 No 4, 
and the C sharp nmor. 

Op 33 No 1. Also, Barcarote 
Op 60. and Nocturne imn 
E major, Op 62 No 2. 

10.40 Lutosiawski: tee Polish 
RSO, Under tee 
composer. Symphonic 
Variations, 1938; and 
Symphony No 1 _ 
fl.15 Lindsay String Quartet 

is broadcast on Radio 3 
tonight at 720). Also John 
L31 on tee performing of 
the Beethoven piano sonatas 

245 New Records: Garth 

Haydn (Quartet in C, Op 
33 No 3), and Beeteoven 
(Quartet in F, Op 135) 

1205 BBC Phaharmonic (under 
Benrohard Klee), with 
Steven de Gidote foiano). 
Part one. Brahms piano 
Concerto No 2). 130 News 
1.05 Concert (continued). 

Dvorak (Symphony No 7) 
230 Music Weekly, with 
Michael Oliver. Indudes 
a conversation with Gian 
Carlo Menotti, and 
George Pratt on changing 
traditions of performing 
-Handel's Messiah. (Messiah 

Hfthmel hock, ptayed by 
Malcolm Archer, organ), 
Preetorius (Von Himmel 
hoefe Quart pastores 
laudavere: Choir of 
Cateedral/Partey of 
Instruments), Bloch (Hebraic 
rhapsody Schetomo: 

Barren, ceBo/ Amsterdam 
Concengebouw). Distter 
(Vter Spielstucke. Op 18 no 1 
: Hurfbrd, organ), Britten 
(A Ceremony of Carols: 
WiHiams. harp, and Choir 
of Westminster Cathedral), 
Ireland (Legend: Parkin, 
piano and LPO). DutfQeux (La 
nuit etojlSe. Movement 1 
: Lyons National Orchestra), 
Glazunov (Symphony No 
7: Bamberg SO). 

4J55 News 

530 Interpretation on Record: 
Geoffrey Norris 
Hiustrates the different 
approaches to the 
playing of Rachmaninov's 
Piano Concerto No 3 (r) 

630 The Dancing Master The 
Broadside Band play 
popular tunes from Britain 
and other countries in the 
publications of John Playford 

630 Organ music: Robert 
Gowar plays Percy 
Whitlock's Sonata in C minor 
on the organ In the Royal 
Hospital School, Hobrook 

730 Handel: Messiah. The 
Sixteen Chair and 
Orchestra (under Many 
Christophers), with 
soloists Lynn Dawson. 
Catherine Den ley. David 
James, Maidwyn Davies, 
Michael George, and 

Crlsptan Stsefe- Peris ins 

On long ware (s) Stereo on VHF 

535 Shipping 630 News Briefing; 
Weather 6.10 Fanning 
Week 625 A Service of 
Matins for the Feast of St 
Thomas the Apostle (s) 637 

7.00 Today, ind 7.00, 8.00 
T. day's news 720 
Business news 725, 825, 
Sport 720 News 
Summary 74® Thought for 
the Day 735 Weather 

8.43 Alter Henry, starring 
Prunella Scales, Joan 
Sanderson, Benjamin 
Whitrow, and Gerry 
Cowper (r}2..57 Weather; 

938 News 9.15 Start The 

Week with Richard Baker 
(s) . 

1030 News; Money Box. A . 
focus on the financial 
problems of everyday We, 
presented by Louise 

1030 The Fasdyke Saga. 

Anoteer chance to hear 
some later episodes of the 
favourite senes.The cast 
Includes Stephanie Turner , 
Miriam Maroiyes and 

10.45 Wires of tea Great 

Composers. How much 
influence did the wives of ten 
great composers have 
on their husbands’ music? 
The presenter is Fritz 
Sptegi (a BBC World Service 

iatps (organ) and Jane Coe 

8.15. Part two begins at 820, 

and part teree aid 25. 

10.15 Jazz Today. Charles FOx 
presents Stan Suizmann 
(saxophones) and John 
Taylor (piano) 

11.00 Bwteoven Piano 

Sonatas: John Lffl plays 
tee No 4 in E flat Op 7, and 
the No 12 In A flat Op 
26. A recording of axecital 
given on October 14 at 
tee Barbican in London. 

1137 News. 1200 Closedown. 

1130 News: Travel: Down 
Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits tee National 
Theatre in London. 

1138 Poetry Please! Listeners' 
requests. Presented by 
Charles Tomlinon. Readers: 
Tim Pigolh-Smrth and 
Diana Bishop.(s) 

1230 News; You and Yours. 

Consumer affairs. With 
Susan Rae 

12.27 King Street Junior. A 
proposed Unit for 
immigrant children creates 
trouble for Mr Beeston, 
and temperatures rise. With 
Peter Davison and 
James Grout (s) 1235 

130 The Worfd at One: News 

130 The Archers 135 

200 News; Woman's Hour, 

with Jenni Murray. 

Indudes a feature about 
RhyddinQS High School 
fn Oswafltwiroe in 
Lancashire. And Patricia 
Hodge reads Pink May, a 
story by Sizabete 

330 News; The Afternoon 

Play. The Latin Lover, by 
Christopher Demrs.Wite Lisa 
Bowerman, Judith 
Barker and Clare Kinsale in 
the cast The story of the 
arrival ot some Italian 
prisoners of war in 
wartime Oldham 
430 Kaleidoscope. A second 
chance to hear last 
Friday night's edition, which 
included comment on the 
various Alices on view in the 
Christmas shows, and 
the film Explorers. 

530 PM News magazine 530 
535 Weather 

630 The Six ^O' Clock News: 

Financial Report. 

B20 Quote-.Unquote. The 
quotations game with a 

Ctevk? , ^'eel M p'^Genuna^ 
O'Connor, Sheridan Moriay 
and John Pad. In the 
chain Nigel Rees (r)(S) 

7.00 News 
735 The Archers 
720 On Your Farm 
745 The Monday Play. The 
Napoleon of Nonteg Hill, 

G K Chesterton. With 
Roger Hammond (as 
Chesterton), David Coftngs. 
Kim Wall, and Stephen 
Hatterstev In the cast fs) 

9.45 Kaleidoscope. Tonight's 
edition of the arts 
magazine includes comment 
on me Cambridge Opera 
Handbook on La bohema. 
Also The Country Wife af 
the Royal Exchange, 
Manchester, and a 
preview by GHBan Reynolds 
of Christmas 
programmes on raefio- 

10.15 A Book At Bedtime: My 
Uncle Silas, by 

H E Bates (1 of 3). Read by 
David NeaL 1029 

1020 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Rnandef World 

1120 Music at Night Ravel - 
Baflet Suite: Mother 

Goose, played by Pittsburgh 
SO ixtder Andre Previn. 

1230 News; weather 1223 
Shipping forecast 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales orty) as above 
except 5u5»&00an 
Weather, Travel 135- 
200ptn Listening comer: 
Quincy the Christmas 
Toy written and read by 
Tommy Steele (s) 520- 
535 PM (Continued) 


Play-. The Gnxio 430 Newsdesk 4J0 tub 

Music of Weber (unit 4.45) 545 Worid 
Today. AH times in GMT, 

MF 648kHz/' 




First pabllsbed In 1785 


oierry’s Hodge on way to 

protest m a a l ■ 

ends in a 

Tottenham as 

' ' tr-iW ’ ^ "*** 


Trevor Cherry, die Bradford 
Cftymanager, is to demand an 
FA inquiry after he was 
booked and one of his players 
was seat off In yesterday’s 2-1 
defeat away to the second 
division leaders, Oldham' 

The game was halted for two 
minutes after a scuffle broke 
oat beween the Oldham de- 
fender, Denis Irwin, ami 
.Bradford’s Greg Abbott In (the 
71st minute with the home side 
boldmgon tea 2-1 lead. 

As the two players rolled on 
the groand when Irwin retali- 
ated after a tackle, Joe Koyie, 
the Oldham manager, ran onto 
the pitch, and Cherry made 
animated protests from the 
tomhlme. After consulting a 
linesman the referee sent Ab- 
bott to the dressing room, then 
booked Cherry for «wn«tn»iii»g 
with his forions protests. 

After the game. Cherry said: 
“I am very upset and I wBl be 
asking the FA for an inquiry. I 
have spoken to the linesman, 
and he admitted he did not 
know which Oldham player 
shook! also have been sent ofL 

Roberts leaves 

Steve Hodge, Aston Villa’s 
England midfield player, will 
sign for Tottenham Hotspur 
today in a £630,000 deal 24 

By Give White 
to give. In our position we 
need committed players and 
people who want to bdp 
Aston Villa out of trouble and 

hours after the sate of die who want the dub to be 
London dub's Graham Rob- successful” 

erts to Rangers for a fee of The deal from Villa's point 
£450,000. of view, was made more 

Tottenham’s profitable acceptable by the feet that 
weekend -they won 2-0 in Neale Cooper, the brilliant 
the League at Chelsea on young Aberdeen player whom 
Saturday — reached a dimax Villa signed five months ago 


: at Chelsea on young Aberdeen player whom 
reached a dimax Villa signed five months ago 
afternoon when, for £330,000, has recovered 
t, their manager, from a longstanding injury 

and Irving Scholar, the chair- and is poised to make his 
man, met their opposite num- debut early in the New Year. 

here at Villa Park, Bifly Villa had originally de- 
McNeill and Doug Ellis, to maoded £1 million for Hodge 

work out the details of the but with increasingly fewer 
transfer which had been British clubs in a position to 

mooted for several weeks. The part with that amount of 
Roberts deal finally made it money, it was inevitable that 

possible. ■ 

McNeill said: “Steve de- More football page 25 

dded he wanted to leave and page ** 

our policy is not to keep 

unhap py players. We have no they would have to accept less 

If my player had gone for a 
foul I wouldn't have bothered 

foul I wouldn't have bothered 
bat l was toM be was seat off 
for throwing a punch. It was 
ridiculous, and a lot of fans 
were shocked by the derision.” 

Royle said: “My player was 
badly fooled and I went on to 
the pitch because I wanted to 
get him away. I was surprised 
when their player was seat Off 
and ours didn't follow.” 

immediate plans on how to for their discontented young 
spend the money and, for the player who cost £400,000 
tune being, well juggle with when be signed 16 months ago 

the players we have. 

“1 have felt for some consid- 
erable time that I wasn’t 

when he signed 16 months ago 
from Nottingham Forest 
Hodge, who is 24, has won 
11 England caps in his trou- 

getting everything that be had bled time at Villa Park. Bat he 

was not accepted by the 

after rocking foe unsteady 
Villa boat of the former 
manager, Graham Turner, by 
expressing his disfloaomnem 
with the dob. He did not play 
at Oxford United on Saturday 
because he was said to be 

Signing Hodge wiD take 
Fteat’s outgoings to almost 
£?..?■ million since he took 
over the manager’s position at 
White Hart line in May. 

Hodge’s attacking flair 
should gTeatly enhance 
Tottenham’s mirffeM white' 
the return of Gary Stevens, 
who ise xpected back shortly 
in the first team after dislocat- 
ing a shoulder, will replace the 
bite which Roberts temporar- 
ily gave them in that depart- 

Pleat did not seem too 
disturbed by the loss of the 
rugged Robots. “We’ll learn 
to live without him. Someone 
suggested to him recently that 
Scottish football was going 
well, so he’s gone to have a 
shot at it” 

Leeds hit 
for seven 

The bigger the club the more 
it suits Rangers 9 new boy 



By Hugh Taylor 

Fiy slip: Ian Botham trout-fishing 

Nicky Morgan scored three 
goals for Stoke City as they 

anus lur oiurc vuj oa uict 

overran a Leeds United team fSfZJS^StJSS 
wabMMi hv mnondniHL ff 0 ® England, his transfer 

weakened by suspensions, 
ending the match 7-2 w inners. 
Morgan was oa the mark after 
five initiates and scored his 
second in the 34th minute as 
Stoke eased into a 5-0 half- 
time lead. 

He completed his treble by 
slipping a shot past Mervyn 

Leeds fought back iu the 
secoad half, and scored 
consolation goals through Ian 
Baird (50mm), and John Sher- 
idan (72min) with a penalty 
after the fufl back. Lee Dixon, 
was judged to have handled. 

Graham Roberts, the Totten- 
ham Hotspur defender, be- 
came yesterday the latest of 
Rangers' expensive imports 
from England, his transfer to 
Ibrox costing £450,000. 

played in a wonderfully thrill- 
ing atmosphere. 1 decided that 

“Look,” Roberts said ear- 
nestly, “I’ve had only two 

that kind of football was for bookings this season and an 
me — that and the friendliness ordering-off for an offence I 

of the Scottish people.” 

But a frown crossed the face 

“This is our Qiristmas of the husky player, often 

present for our supporters,” 
said David Holmes, the Rang- 

described euphemistically as a 
powerhouse, when he was 

ers chairman. And if any as k ed if he tho ugh t hi< style of 
supporters could have found play might not appeal to 

space in the boardroom Scottish opponents. As his 
crowded with yet another former manager , David Pleat, 

massive media presence, they said on Saturday: “He has 
would have decided that their kicked a few people in Eng- 

new player would prove every land; now perhaps he is going 

inch a true-blue Ranger. 

Roberts struck the right 
note at once. “I have always 
wanted to belong to a big dub 
and I know Rangers are going 
right to the top,” he an- 

te do the same up there.” 

Leeds missed the influence of nounced in the southern ac- 
suspcnded^Iaii Snodin and cent fast becoming the lingua 

Derby victory 
moves them up 

Derby Comity moved ap to 
third place in the second 
dfvisioe thanks to a fine first 
half per for m an ce in which 

franca in the Ibrox dressing 

Were Spurs not a big dub? 
came a surmise query. “Not 
nearly as big as Rangers,” 
insisted the newcomer, 
proudly stroking the lapel of 
the dub blazer newly donned 
for the cameras. Roberts felt 

striker Bobby Davison sowed also foat Rangers had helped 
two goals in the 4-0 iriH over Scottish football to take a new 


‘ -ojVV‘ 

tr '.V • -'—**»<" • >• 


Davison set op Derby’s first 
goal for Gary Middewhite in 

lease of life and that more and 
more Englishmen would be 
clamouring to cross the border 

the ninth minute, and Mickle- north. 

white then returned the favour “The Scots are for more 

to enable Davison to drive in 
his 11 th goal of the season and 

enthusiatic about football 
than we are in the south,” he 

the 100th league goal of his added. “One of the reasons I 
career. Davison sawed « E* in decided to come to Scotland 

in the 45th urinate, and set op 
Derby’s foartfa goal for Phil 
Gee in the 55th minute. 

was after watching the Rang- 
ers-Celtic Skol Cup final, 
which was a tremendous game 

Roberts: Happy to sign 
for the Hoes 

did not commit, as will be 
proved by a video I have 
received of the incident. Any- 
how. I've curbed my way of 
playing life now that I am 28. 1 
will, of course, always give 100 
per cent but now when I am 
fouled I just bite the bullet and 

His delight at having joined 
Rangers was shown when he 
was asked if he thought the 
resumption of his partnership 
with Terry Butcher might lead 
to that solid defenrive duo 
turning out again for England. 

“I hope so,” he said, “but 
that’s all in the future. All Fm 
thinking about is doing well 
for Rangera.”Roberts' arrival 
at Ibrox may be said to 
complete the first phase of 
Graeme Souness’s plan to 
make Rangers not only 
Scotland's but Britain’s lead- 
ing club. “Our first objective 
was to get it right at the back,” 
said the player-manager. 
“That was highly important, 
and with a quality player hke 
Roberts, who is resilient, 
tough and versatile, we must 
have achieved our first stage.” 

But Souness indicated that 
the spending spree was by no 
means over and that it might 
not be too long before the 
television cameras were whir- 
ring to welcome another 
personality to Ibrox — a 
forward, most possibly, and, 
even more likely, a forward 
with a Cockney accent. 

Foster can impress 
in the Test stakes 

Nefl Foster, the Essex seam 
bowler, has been included in 
the England side which meets 
the Prune Minister’s XI in a 
limited-overs match at Can- 
berra tomorrow. A sound 
performance with the ball 
might earn him an England 
recall for the fourth Test in 
Melbourne, starting on Box- 
ing Day. 

Also included in the 
tourists' side is Ian Bo tham. 
who wiD be playing his first 
game since damaging a rib 
muscle in the second Test at 
Perth early in the month. 

The Canberra dash is tra- 
ditionally a festive occasion 
prior to Christmas. But with 
Ian Botham making his come- 
back, it takes on a special 
importance England. 

Botham needs to show he 
has recovered sufficiently to 
bowl a new-ball speff Today, 
he spent another 50 minutes 
in the indoor nets in Hobart 
and looked totally happy with 
a bat in his hands-But his 
bowling was again restricted 
to gentle medium pace: 

year-old, who responded with 
some wayward bowling, tit- 
tered with no-balls, in the first 

' Stewart admitted that selec- 
tion for the fourth Test would 
not be easy. “We are going 
into a bit of an unknown at 
Melbourne because no one 
seems sure how the pitch will 
play. We need to get the 
balance right,” he said. 

That could mean using only 
one spinner or looking for 
more experience in the pace 
department Either way, Fos- 
ter can stake a claim for a first 
Test appearance this winter by 
reproducing his good form in 
state matches (15 wickets in 
the last three games) at 

Bruce French, who lost his 
Test place behind the stumps 
to Jade Richards, is now 
making a good recovery from 
the chest virus which put him 
in hospital at Hobart He has 
been induded in the J 2 for 

Tuesday’s game and will {day 
if folly fit 

if folly fit 

Allan Border, theAusfralian 

“Ian’s experienced a bit of captain, leads the Prime 
reaction when batting” said Minister’s XL and taking 

Mickey Stewart, the England charge of a crop of fringe Test 
man a g er. “But that was not players. Most exciting is South 

You’ll get caught up 
in Pbliticson the way 

Newcastle shaken 
by savage attacks 

By Martin Searby 

Sheffield Wednesday 
Newcastle United 

You’ll also find dozens of other 
categories in the TLS Listings. Ift a 
new, unique, accurate and up-to-date 
weekly listing of new and forth- 
coming books. 

It is organised by subject and genre, 
ranging from Art through to Zoology, 
and wifi include over 10,000 new titles 
every yean 

For all those interested in books it is 

The benefits of the TLS - the worlds 
leading literaiy journal - are obvious. 
With the introduction of the 
invaluable TLS Listings you need to 
be sure of your weekly copy. 

Sheffield Wednesday 
moved to fifth place in the 
first division after another 
exhibition of perpetual mo- 
tion at Hillsborough. It gave 
them a double over Newcastle 

i Searby battled to lay it square for the 

1 8-year-old to pop home. 

Newcastle’s fallibility to the 

[tea D high cross was further under- 

lined when Chapman was 
Wednesday pushed by Jackson as he 

r x in the moved in again, presumably 
another the only available tactic, and 
eipetuaf mo- the disturbingly naive referee, ( 
High. It gave Mr Guy, refused the penalty 
/er Newcastle claim. He also booked Shelton 

unexpected after his workouts 
on Thursday and Friday. 

“He was going to bowl the 
equivalent of five overs at a 
reasonable pace but it was 
thought best to ease bade.” 

Botham's experience with 
the ball was mused during the 
drawn third Test at Adelaide. 
England played with only two 
front line seamers there, and 
extra pressure was put on the 
shoulders afDeFreitas, the 20- 

Australian opener Glenn 
Bishop, a 26 year old who may 
yet race England at inter- 
national level this winter. 

ENGLAND XT (tromi H W Getting (cap- 
ttM, B C Broad. C W. J AtJwy. A J Lamb. D 

tatti), B C Broad. C VrJA&MY, A J Lamb. D 
I Gower. I T Bottom, P A J OaPreKas, C J 
rechards. N A Foster, PH Edmond s . 6 R 
OBev, BN Ranch. 

PRME HMSnnrS Xt A R Banter 

(captain), G A Bishop. R L Brown, MGR 
Omattlna. A B HanscheU. T M Moodv, S P 


ODomal. J D Sddona. OTazaiaar. M RJ 
Vetetta. M R wbttnev- 

John Woodcock, page 26 

‘Put customers first’ 

who must have had their for a foul on the largely 
perceptions of the season of anonymous Thomas and 

goodwill severely shaken. Beardsley and Jackson for 
Howard Wilkinson, the over-enthusiastic tarlrtwq otb- 
Sheffidd manager, might well ers were more fortunate. 

have had his team chained up .... „ 

and fed a diet of raw meat & . 5 ??, ? 

IUIVC 1KU1 uxa LMOl UM1UCU UU Mmnnatlla’r t, nMnr 

and fed a diet of mw meat flE S STS 

Wednesday m&re wound 


inside 20 minutes. 

to push over a sharp header 
from Goddard after 

Britain’s six national sports 
centres should concentrate on 
either excellence or mass 
participation but not both, 
according to a report pub- 
lished yesterday. The report, 
commissioned by the Sports 
Council earlier in the year, 
examined management and 
marketing requirements of the 

Among the report's wide- 
ranging recommendations are 
that greater emphasis should 
be placed on the needs and 
wants of the customers, that 
the management of the centres 

should be re-organized, and 
that substantial investment 
should be made in the centres. 
The full council will formally 
consider the report on March 

John Wheatley, the Sports 
Council’s director-general 
commented: “This report is 
the final stage of our three- 
year review of the centres. It 
contains some very interesting 
and exciting ideas and will 
provide an invaluable aid to 
us in coming to decisions on 

how we should develop our 


Weston sways 
England to 
hold final trial 

•iJ j 

# Os.. 

By David Hands, Rugby ConW^cot 

_. . . The,, is another lobby 
England will told an omeufl favours the Australian 

trial as part of Aar .squto “ which is l0 pick a 

weekend on January 3. Tms w 30 players three 

decision was taken when the before the champion- 

n i § 

- l I* 

A rx V-K. 

selectors met at Letcesto - on 
Saturday evening and the trial 
t«nw will be announced to- 
day, together with a handful of 
replacements which together 
wiD constitute the revised 
national squad. _ 

Scotland, who are England s 
first opponents in the five- 
nations championship at 
Twickenham on January 17, 
hold their trial at Murrayfield 
on the same day, which is the 
weekend following the conclu- 
sion of foe McE wan's inter- 
district championship. ' 

Michael Weston, chairman 
of England's selectors, has 
always favoured holding a 
formal trial Although he has 
not yet received formal agree- 
ment from foe Rugby Football 
Union to hold foe match at 
Twickenham, it is difficult to 
imagine permission bring 
withrid even though foe Cal- 
cutta Cop game comes only a 
fortnight later. 

The trial will represent 
something of a final shoot-out 
between the gay cabaileros 
from foe unfancied northern 
dubs who have waved such a 
splendid divisional banner 
and foe stone-feced southern 
sheriffs from such dubs as 
Bali and Wasps. Inevitably 

months before foe champion. 
Ship begins and I leave thsm(o 
the mercies of the national 
coach. Tradition m this coun- 
try not to mention paro- 
chialism, militates against 
such an autocracy. 

In foe circumstances, there- 
fore, it makes sense to put up 
your best XV against your 
second XV; if the selectors 
have done their sums correctly 
it is a valuable work-out in 
match conditions for foe na- 
tional side, if they have not 
there is time to make 

It was always foe selectors s 
intentions to hold a match as 
part of their squad weekend 
and this merely formalizes 

tha t arrangement. 


More Rugby Union 
00 pages 22 and 23 

there will be a lobby suggest- Rose, foe El 
ing that three weekends of back who play 
divisional rugby have, in ef- pan in October, 
feet, given the selectors six to indicate his n 
t rials, why should they want shoulder injury 
more? . his dub next 

It must be hoped that the j 
selectors have a full band to ■ I 
pick from, particularly at lock r 
where Bain bridge and Syddai] 
are recovering from injury, 
Dooley and Coldough from a 
lack of form caused respec- 
tively by a long-term injury 
(which usually requires a re- 
covery period of a year) and 

Rose, foe Harlequins full 
back who played against Ja- 
pan in October, should be able 
to indicate his recovery from a 
shoulder injury by playing for 
his dub next weekend. 



at Lotus 




end an era stun Frost 

By John Bhmsdea 

As predicted in The. Tones 
on Friday, foe Lotos Formula 
One raring cars win bo longer 
cany foe black and grid John 
Player Special crionrs. At foe 
weritend. Imperial Tobacco 
confirmed their withdrawal 
from foe Grand Prix tirenit, In 
which they have supported 
Lotos since 1968 except for a 
break from 1979 to 1981. 

Escalating costs of Formula 
One sponsorship, coupled 
with foe lack of a British 
driver in foe 1987 Lotos fine- 
Hp, are foe reasons for foe 
withdrawal, which means that 
Peter Ware, foe team director, 
has jnst over three months to 
secure sponsorship for the 
start of foe 1987 season and 
follow in foe footsteps of four 
JPS drivers, Graham Hill 
(1968), Jocfaen Kindt (1970), 
Emerson Fittipaldi (1972), 
and Mario Andretti (1978) 
who have won foe driven’ 
world championship and 47 
Grands Prix. 

John Bloxridge, Imperial’s 
chief executive, said: “We 
have condnded that foe alarm- 
ing increasing costs of Grand 
Prix raring sponsorship for 
1987 cannot be justified. We 
have taken tins decision with 
great regret- The cost of cars 
and particularly of drivers In 
Formula One have escalated. 

Aifooagh Team Lotus are 
British-owned and based, it 
has a strong international 
flavour with Ayrton Soma, foe 
Brazilian as No 1 driver while 
Satorn Nakajnna, a Japanese, 
has replaced Johnny Dam- 

fines, of Scotland, who finished 

13th last season. The engines 
are also Japanese (Honda) — 
a switch from Renault — and 
Gerard Docarouge, foe chief 
designer, is French. The 
team’s major hefting next 
season, therefore, could very 
well also come from overseas. 

Nod Stanbmy, foe Lotos 
assistant team manager, mM 
yesterday: “We are very coo- , 
fideat with regard to foe fbtare 
and have a very exciting • 
programme over foe next two 
years and all the available ; 

facilities to see (hat pro- i 
gramme through.” 

From Richard Eaton 
Koala Lumpur 

Morten Frost’s attempt to 
repeat one of the finest wins of 
his great career ended with a 
18-13, 15-8 defeat by the 
Chinese No. 1, Yang Yang, in 

the deriding men's singles of 
the Marlboro World Grand 

It is an over-amplification Wharton’s ran down foe left, 
to say Wednesday used foe It was the only time foe keeper 

long balk they played into was pressed whereas Thomas, 
space, then chased and harried his opposite number, was in 

mercilessly. Newcastle were constant action producing a 
exposed down both flanks remarkable one-handed reflex 

with Shelton, Steriand and save to party Madden’s 
Megson, powerful and aggres- header from one of a string of 

sive, feeding the lighter touch second-half coraere which 
of Jonssos and Bradshaw, the clearly ■ emphasized 



the Marlboro World Grand 
Prix finals in Kuala Lumpur 

The London-based all-Eng- 
land champion from Den- 
mark took foe title in foe same 
stadium two years ago and 
hoped to do so again against 
an opponent whose all out 
commitment to attack, he has 
in the past often been able to 
frustrate with beautifully bal- 
anced defence and patient 

This time though foe con- 
ditions suited the little left- 
hander with foe dynamic and 
acrobatic smash. There was 
noisy support for him from 
about 9,000 of foe local po- 
pulus, one-third , of whom in 
Kuala Lumpur are Chinese. 
There were also tricky 3ft 
drifts, both from end to end 
and across the court, which 
had changed to foe opposite 
end overnight and which 
made accuracy extremely 

Frost's renowned control 
nevertheless enabled him to 
do this up to about 8-8 in foe 
first game and then to recover 
to 13-13 after Yang Yang had 
battered his way to a five- 
point lead. But after foe Dane 
had lost foe first game be 
seemed no longer to have foe 
strength to counter attack in 
foe beat, and by the finish he 
was looking drawn and tired. 

China also won the 
women’s singles when Lei 
Uog Wei retained her title by 
beating the world champion 
Han Aiping, and later there 
was pandemonium when the 
local pair, Jalani and Razif 
Sidek, foe former all-England 
champions, won the men's 

England had to be content 
with a creditable win in the 
mixed doubles by Nigel Tier 
and Gillian Gowers, who im- 
proved their serving in the 
second and third games to 
overcome Sweden’s Thomas 
Kihlstrom and Christine 
Magnusson 8-15, 15-4, 1 5-8. It 
was a courageous effort and an 
ironic one too. The pair of 

^ I / / 

'KU v — 










Publication Date 

•Theatre and dnema I 

Altra, Hutu Particular Friendship* 1 

Faber. 79pp. £3.95. 0 57t I45J7 X. P/UfS6. 

-Berkoff, Siena Kretch and Acapulco 
Faber 68pp. U.W/GmSV.«. 0 571 14584 1. 17/ It /8b. 
Gallag&er, Tag John Ford: The man and his films | 
■CobfonuaUP. 572pp.. Wat- US. 9S2OOS097}. ^ ' 

H», David The Bay at Nice and Wrecked Eggs 
mp 94pp. £3.95/57.95. 6 571 14H4 5. IT/Ilf Ml 
Not, Dmk The Singing Detective 
ftfer. ^ £9.95 (kmkovtr). £4 95/59.95 Ipoptrbocki. 
0 371 1401 7 (hr). 0571 14590 6 (pb) 17/) 1/36 
Stoppard, Ton, adapted Itam Arihar Sdafakr 
Dalliance and Undiscovered Country 
Faber. I47pp £8.95 ihartkurrr). £2.95/55 45 (paperback)! 
►0 571 I47S0 X tfej. 0 5 71 14719 9 tpb) 17/11/86. \ 

young forward making his Wednesday’s 
home debut It was, however, superiority, 
foe aerial superiority of Chap- 
man that proved decisive and sHBnran wednes&ay: m Hodge; m 
although Jackson, United’s StatareJ. N Warttfngtun. PHart, L 

rAAM* n 1 c non r - n-i* ■ m fin. Maddon, 0 SnoOn, S Jonsson. G 
recent £215,000 Signing from Megson. L Chapman, C Bradshaw, G 
Bradford City, has strength- g^on. sep n chamtwtain <sor 
ened foe middle he was not in BfSflsnew ' S3lrtral 
Chapman’s class upstairs. Newcastle inte 


napraan s ciass upstairs. Newcastle umted: m T homas t 

The first goal after 1 1 hectic J adaon l^G roSS!*p' S tephw m i. a 
inutes was one Of 1^™* p Ooddwd, P Beardsley. D 

Tip Li city. Bradshaw made Mam: r Guy. 

minutes was one of 
simplicity. Bradshaw made 
room for himself deep and 
wide on foe left touchline 
before hitting a long, high 
cross which Chapman leaped 

• Manchester United have 
arranged to play a friendly 
match against Red Star Bel- 

Paris (AP) - The inter- 
national auto sports federa- 
tion (FISA) has agreed to 
proposals by sports prototype 
(endurance) racing manufac- 
turers and team s for gradual 
rule modifications phased 
over the next five years. 

The changes apply* to both 
foe senior Group C and foe 
smaller Group C2 classes in 
foe worid championship. The 
size of engines will remain 
unlimited, but fuel allowances 
will be reduced steadily over 
foe period to cut power and 

Final oforro was a courageous effort and an 
x Ulrtl aldgC ironic one too. The pair of 

Bolton Wanderers’ Burnden Pfe? to spin up and play 
Park football ground will s tap* ^fo different partners from 
foe final of Rugby League’s now <m * 

John Pl aye r Special Trophy REsuLissSeaMMK 
on Saturday, January 10. m Frost pen) sab 

Wigan, foe holders, an* ^ Yan g (Oi™* 

J* 16 fiHai again and w s 

will meet the winners of nm 535£8 a 0Jl*' , - 7: HApim (China) t* 

Warrington and Widnes. SSMt s S,t»%5 j£j 


Warrington and Widnes. 

McLeod again 

Hwyanto (Indi 

(S 3 BVSB 

quite brilliantly u? head bade grade at Old Trafford on 
across foe goal and just inside January 21. 

foe left hand post Bradshaw 
had the distinction of scoring 
his first home goal in front of 
foe Kop, opened by The 
Queen last week, after 
Thomas failed to clear 
Snodin’s comer and Chairman 

United have had great links 
with foe Yugoslavian side 
since the Manchester side 
perished in an air crash at 
Munich 29 years ago, after 
playing a European be against 
Red Star. 

Dowdeswefl: nwiwurffr 

Tennis catch 

Steve Oram, the worid mile 
reran! holder, felled to break 
Mike McLeod’s reign in foe 
Saltwdl 10km road race yes- 
terday. McLeod gained his 
thirteenth successive victory 
with 16 seconds to spare in 
29 min 20 sea 

15 16-16 iW f- 

B*- > Uob&Ibs: H Hw-Ywng and C 
Mwng 4tee(SKopMM&wwtS8tti8ndC 
*W]usson (S m») 15 ^ i5*;Vft5te a * » 

iSfeSa* ° Kiaar ^ N Ne ““ n 1 °“° 

N Tter ar«G GowsreflSB) 
1 2 S i <Swn) 15- 

Ir T KMaram and c Maowsscte 

f> v, ' r- 

rjai J KMaro m and C Ms 
) JR B QBfflxJ (Scoo ml 

Colin Dowdeswell, foe for- 
mer British Davis Cup player, 
is to play for Tennis World, 
Middiestojugh, in the new' 
Mortgage Corporation Na- 
tional League. Dowdeswell 

Coach row 

The Yugoslav women's Al- 

pine ski team has been rocked 
by an internal row which 
resulted in the country's two 


has agreed to commute from, top skiers,. Mateja Svet and 
his home in France to play for KatraZa]'c,threatemQgioquit 
foe North East team. unless their coach was fired. 

j ana R saak (Mte) 

15 154 15*