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^9 THE 

Radical shift 
proposed for 
state schools 


By Nicholas Wood and John Clare 

A radical programme for extremists", had damaged F 
educational change, including children’s education. ft 

the removal of state schools Parents who relied on slate E 

from local authority control 
and the rerin trod nciion of 
selective education, is pro- 
posed today in a manifesto put 
forward by an influential 
group of politicians and 

One of its most far-reaching 
plans in a package that goes far 
beyond anything so far envis- 
aged by Mr Kenneth Baker, 
the Secretary of State for 
Education and Science, is to 
subject the Schools Inspec- 
torate, the independent body 
that inspects schools and ad- 
vises ministers on education 
theory and practice, to an 
external inquiry. 

Echoing the Black Papers of 
the late 1 960s and early 1 970s, 
the pamphlet claims that 
many of Britain's schools are 
in a stale of crisis. It says trust 
in the system is breaking down 
to the extent that a “situation 
is rapidly approaching in 
which parents in some parts of 
the country will be reluctant to 
comply with the law which 
obliges them to send their 
children to school". 

Local authorities, it says, 
have a “standing ability to 

schools had increasingly less 
assurance that moral stan- 
dards, religious understanding 
and a respect for British 
institutions would be commu- 
nicated to their children. The 
“old educational values" had 
been replaced by “curriculum 
reform, relevance and child 
centred learning". 

A false philosophy of educa- 
tion has been “programmed 
into the system” by decades of 

Roger Scruton and Dr John 
Marks, the group includes Mr 
Eric Anderson, the Head Mas- 
ter of Eton, and Sir Anthony 
Kershaw, Conservative MP 
for Stroud. 

Many of the proposals al- 
ready have the backing of 
ministers in Mr Baker’s team, 
including Mr Bob D unn and 
Mrs Angela Rumbold. The 
inquiry proposal is new and 
regarded of great significance. 

Dismissing the 1983 survey 
of the inspectorate’s perfor- 
mance as “entirely bland", the 
27-strong group argues that 
the time has come to call it to 

“We believe the time has 


New law 
to stop 
late bill 

By Onr Chief Political 
The Government is consid- 
ering legislation to ease the 
burden on small firms hh by 
the late payment of bills by 
larger companies. 

Ministers are sympathetic 
to a significant change in the 
law which would allow the 
courts to award interest on 
debts even if they are paid 
before legal proceedings start. I 
It would severely dis- 
courage the tactic, employed , 
throughout British business, 
of bolding up the payment of 
bills until the last possible 
moment, and is backed by the 
Confederation of British 

But in a sharp internal 
Conservative Party dispute, 
ministers are vigorously oppo- 
sing a backbench campaign, 
supported by MPs in other 
parties, to introduce a statu- 
tory right of interest on the 


J # y tf 7 

Owen predicts 

coalition after 
spring election 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

Dr David Owen yesterday that Mr Tebbit himself is 
intensified speculation about pressing for a spring poll, 
an early general election when Bui they were speedily re- 

be predicted a coalition gov- jected by the Labour Party, 
eminent and welcomed the whose campaign co-ordinaior. 

come to define the procedures, jate payment of debts, obliging 
criteria and accountability of courts to grant interest in an 
the inspectors, who are as debt cases comine bef 

urc wihi are as debt cases coming before 

likely as any other section of them. 

the educational est a bl i sh m ent The issue is causing deep 

Dr Anderson: Hashing the 
call for sweeping changes. 

egalitarian propaganda, it 

nave asm aomty to ^ -fned ^ lasting 
corrupt toe minds and souls of subjects" had been replacodm 

the curriculum by spurious 
falling under the control of and artificial alternatives such 

“ as peace studies, life skills and 

T AmnrrAlM social awareness, whose pur- 
I Ul I llil I UW pose was “sometimes trans- 

parent! y political” and whose 

Art i effect was “to distort the 

All alia child’s attention from serious 

L AA i. f forms of learning” 

DOOIy The booklet. Whose 

Schools? A Radical Manifesto, 
comes from authors mainly, 
but not entirely, on the radical 
right of die educational 

Besides well-known critics 
of current orthodoxy, such as 
Baroness Cox, Professor 

Success for 

Etruscan treasures Police breath-test figures 
command hiah show that most British motor- 

nrippn _ a nri i now in* &W* heeded the warnings 

R* 10 ?® e- 3 u 0 about drinking and driving 

tne Matia nas taKen thi s Christmas, but the trend 

up archaeology. The has been reversed in some 

rimes looks into the re S® ns - P .. _ . _ 

twilinht uinriri nf thP 9“ of lhe caxj }~ 

twmgni woria ot tne ^ ^ mounted m 

Italian tOmo-TOODerS Notlinghainshire, where 105 

MouiVoo^nou drivers out of 3,584 

New Tear S Day breathalysed in the last eight 

The Times will be days have been arrested for 

the only quality s^t hSd of 

newspaper to the county’s traffic division, 

publish on New said:“lt does appear that this 

Year's Day. Don’t year , 'S e TfJ’SKH of 

_ 5 __ people have taken heed of our 

miss our full message.” 

Coverage of news In SiaffoitlsJure, however, 

and Sport — order 29 motorists had been arrested 

vour CODV today. for drink-driving up to 
y c'J' * yesterday, compared with a 

L - - 1, 1 total of 33 for the entire 

/T 7 S */) /. holiday period last year. 

TW/iZlyiA/) In ^c Merseyside police 
tJfJ'i/l/JAJyl/iAJ area. 97 motorists failed the 

§ breaihalvser lest in the nine 

STS" S£ 

The i Times Portfolio Jajjuary j I986 

Sold weekly During the same period, ten 

competition was won by people have been killed in 

Mrs Vera Brooks, of road accidents in the area. 

IHove, East Sussex, In Derbyshire, during the 

wfifle the £4,000 daily nine days to yesterday, 47 

prize was shared by brK, i? '5^r t v ^,r P ° si e ’ 

as against 36 last year. 

tfi ree readers. jsforth Wales police carried 

Details, page 3. out 71 positive breath tests in 

0 There IS another the nine days to yesterday, 

£4,000 to be won today, compared with 1 42 arrests last 
Portfolio Kst; page 20; year. 
tiles and how to play, Norfolk police also reported 

[■formation service, a I ^ u “£2.', n h S,"“ mber of 

iR positive breath tests. 

Ja 9 c In the Strathclyde region of 

Scotland, which includes 

Glasgow, a police spokesman 
said: “There is evidence that 
Tacnisir Tnnrc th e “ reaching the 

rudl h public". From December 23 
aguar Cars passed the 1,000 until Boxing Day, Strathclyde 
ars a week level in the last police recorded 46 positive 
wo weeks of the year and breath tests, compared with 59 
reduced a record total of last year. 

to be subverted by bureau- 
cratic self-interest and 
fashionable ideology,” the 
group argues. 

The spotlight on the Inspec- 
torate is significant because 
many of the ideas formulated 
by the radical right over the 
past few years are now being 
incorporated into the main- 
stream of Conservative educa- 
tional thinking. 

Ministers are known to be 
sympathetic to the suggestion 
that the inspectorate is in need 
of a far-reaching overhaul to 
bring it more closely into line 
with a more competitive re- 
sults-orientated system that 
meets parental demands for 
higher standards of learning 
and discipline. 

Last night , Dr Marks said 
that the inspectors had to bear 
some of the blame for the 
current educational malaise. 
They had acquiesced in, if not 
actively encouraged, progres- 
sive ideas such as child- 
centred and discovery | 

Continued on page 16, col 1 I 

divisions among Conservative 
MPS but Mr David Trippier, 
Under-Secretary of State at 
the Department of Employ- 
mem, is warning that such a 
move could lead to up to 
250,000 small businesses go- 
ing to the wall because, he 
argues, the legislation would 
be used more strenuously by 
large companies ggninst small 

So vehemently is Mr 
Trippier opposed to the 
change drat he is writing to the 
80 or so Conservative MPs 
who have backed a Commons 
move to introduce a statutory 
right of interest (and possibly 
to die rest of the par- 
liamentary party) warning 
them of what he sees to be the 1 
dangers involved for small 1 

The backbench move is 
being led by Mr Richard 
Ottaway, Conservative MP 
for Nottingham North, and a 
parliamentary private sec- 
retary. He is backed by other 
Continued on page 2, col 5 


Gatting’s triumph 

New evidence in 
Guinness inquiry 

Mike Getting, England’s 
cricket captain, is the unwill- 
ing recipient of a champagne 
soaking from his team-mate 
Chris Broad after England 
beat Australia by an inning s 
and 14 inns in the fourth Test 
in Melbourne yesterday to 
retain the Ashes. 




From Christopher Thomas 

President Reagan presented 
an optimistic view of the past 
year in his weekly radio 
address on Saturday, saying 
“relations between the United 
States and the Soviet Union 

En gland, who took an un- 
Steatable 2-0 lead in the fire- 
Test series, won with more 
than two days to spare. After 
lacing early resistance, they 
made inroads after lunch, and 
took the last six wickets for 41 

John Woodcock, page 26 

prospect as the only means by 
which Britain's “moderate 
majority” could find its ex- 
pression in goveramenL 

Forecasting a spring poll 
the Social Democratic Party 
leader laid down the con- 
ditions which the Conser- 
vative and Labour parlies 
would have to fulfil in the 
negotiations following the 
election of a hung parliament 
as the price for Alliance co- 

He made plain that the 
“sensible moderate majority” 
would accept neither the La- 
bour Party’s unilateralist de- 
fence policy nor the 
Government's readiness to 
contemplate reducing the 
standard rale of lax and 
refusing to integrate the tax 
and benefit system when there 
were three million people 

And in a new year message 
to his party, he said that 
Labour in its efforts to get an 
agreed defence policy had 
chosen “the unity of the 

His remarks added to the 
post-Christmas bout of elec- 
tion fever induced by the 
disclosure that lhe Conser- 
vative Party has brought for- 
ward its biggest direct m ailing 
operation ever — with about 
eight million letters going out 
from the party chairman, Mr 
Norman Tebbit, over the next 
three months -in case the 
Prime Minister responds to its 
sharp rise in the polls by going 
for an early contest in May or 
June, and the confirmation 

Mr Bryan Gould, accused Dr 
Owen of clutching at straws. 

He said that the one option 
the voters could not choose 
was coalition, which could 
only be imposed after a deal 
cobbled together by the poli- 

In her new year message on 
Wednesday, Mrs Thatcher 
will studiously avoid any hints 
about an early or late election. 

But its tone will be buoyant 
and, in some senses, elec- 
tioneering, with another blast 
at Labour’s defence policy. 

In the Labour Party, mean- 
while. there is some con- 
fidence that the opposition 
parties will be unable to 
maintain the momentum of 
their present onslaught on 
defence up to and through the 
election period 

While they are suffering an 
expected loss of support 
through the deliberately early 
relaunch of the non-nuclear 
policy, party sources have 
been boosted by unpublished 
opinion poll evidence showing 
that the party's commitments 
to Nato, to maintain defence 
spending, and to spend more 
on the army, navy and air 
force as a result of the savings 
gained from the cancellation 
of the Trident submarine pro- 
gramme have registered with 
the electorate in a way they 
did not in 1983. 

Party sources believe that 
Labour has successfully 
opened up the argument about 
whether Britain should re- 
main a nuclear weapons 

Continued on page 16, col 6 

Sakharov criticizes Soviet 
linkage on ‘Star Wars’ 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

In an outspoken interview, the first, time since his arrival During the wide-ranging 
Dr Andrei Sakharov, .Russia's- -in Moscow las! Tucsday-?fier- -interview- .with c. specially 
.leading dissident, has dem- nearly seven years of exile in selected group of Western 
onstrated the wide limits of the dosed city of Gorky. reporters. Dr Sakharov also 
bis freedom by attacking the “I think it is ungrounded to argued strongly that the whole 
lynchpin of the Kremlin’s demand that the American “Star Wars” programme was 
disarmament programme, the side stop development of the an expensive waste of re- 
linking of all proposals in a 

Etruscan treasures 
command high 
prices — ana now 
the Mafia has taken 
up archaeology. The 
Times looks into the 
twilight world of the 
Italian tomb-robbers 

New Year’s Day 

The Times will be 
the only quality 
newspaper to 
publish on New 
Year's Day. Don’t 
miss our full 
coverage of news 
and sport — order 
your copy today. 

By Colin Narbrough, Financial Correspondent 

The inquiry into share deal- million Guinness shares after 
ings in connection with the bid at above market prices. 
Guinness's £2.7 billion take- Lord Spens, Ausbacher’s 
over of the whisky-maker managing director, told The 
Distillers last April has sent a Times yesterday that the 
fresh shock wave through the bank’s chief executive, Mr 
City following revelations that Richard Fenhalls, bad La- 
the merchant banker Henry formed the DTI shortly after 
Ansbacher was also involved, the Guinness investigation i 

advanced”. In die only note of single package dependent on 
gloom he said the Iran crisis the US limiting '‘Star Wars” 

At the core of the latest was announced of the trans- 
disclosure is the mystery as to action involving Down 

who owned 2.15 million 
shares bought by Anbacher’s 
clients through its subsidiary, 
Down Nominees. A wider 
issue is the arrangement 
surrounding the placing of 13 

• The £8,000 prize in 
The Times Portfolio 
Gold weekly 
competition was won by 
Mrs Vera Brooks, of 
Hove, East Sussex, 
while the £4,000 daily 
prize was shared by 
three readers. 

Details, page 3. 

• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio list; page 20; 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 
page 16. 


Jaguar roars 

Jaguar Cars passed the 1,000 
cars a week level in the last 
two weeks of the year and 
produced a record total of 
41,437 cars in 1986 Page 17 

Lord Spens yesterday: 
“A messy situation.” 


Both Lord Spens and Mr 
Fenhalls have been ques- 
tioned under oath by the 
inspectors, but the inspectors 
had not been to the bank. 
Morgan Grenfell was unable 
to confirm the Ansbacher 

Lord Spens said he did not 
know who owned the shares 
held by Down Nominees, but 
that Morgan Grenfell had 
arranged for the payment. 
This was a “messy situation,” 
he said, which put the ball in 
Morgan's court. 

He said the transaction took ! 
place without Mr Fenhalls* 
knowledge- The shares, ac- 
quired before the Guinness 
bid, were sold afterwards at 
above market prices. 

New disclosures, page 17 

was a “disappointment” 

Mr Reamn, who began a 
week's hoEday on Saturday 
said that “1986 has been a 
good year for the cause of 
human freedom and for the 
cause of world peace”. 

In the year ahead both the 
US and the Soviet Union 
would be in a good position to 
build on what had been 

Much of tire address was 
devoted to Afghanistan 

• MOSCOW: Pravda re- 
ported yesterday that it was 
more optimistic than at the 
start of the year about the 
prospects for world peace 
despite what it alleged were 
continuing attempts by Wash- 
ington to block disarmament 
proposals (Christopher 
Walker writes). 

It said that the Iceland 
summit between President 
Reagan and Mr Gorbachov 
had demonstrated that there 
were real prospects of avoid- 
ing a nuclear catastrophe. But 
it added: “1986 was the year 
where Washington obstructed 
any step aimed at nuclear ; 
disarmament, no matter who 
made the initiative.” 

Skiers carve path to French Alps 

Thousands of Britons hop- 
ing to travel by rail to ski-ing 
holidays in France are likely to 
find their journeys disrupted. 

While three boat trains ran 
from the Channel ports to 
Paris yesterday, lire northern 
French rail network was still 
seriously affected by a strike. 

A spokesman for SNCF, the 
French railways, said in 
London: “There should be 
little difficulty experienced by 
people getting to Paris. A 
subsidiary of ours is running a 
comprehensive coach service 

between the French Channel 
ports and Paris. 

“Once they arrive in Paris 
people should find that about 
25 per cent perhaps a third, of 
trains to the Alps areas are 
running normally. The TGV 
(high speed) train service from 
Pans to Grenoble, Annecy 
and Chambfry in France, and 
Geneva and Lausanne in 
Switzerland are operating to- 
day reasonably well,” be said. 

However, the spokesman 
advised people wanting to 
travel to the Swiss alps to cross 

to Ostend and travel by train 
through Belgium and 

The SCNF spokesman said 
that the situation at French 
channel ports had eased a little 
yesterday. Three boat trains 
ran to Paris and he hoped 
some would operate today. 

The Newhaven-Dieppe fer- 
ry service which had been 
stopped by a French seamen's 
strike would also be operating 
today and trains should be 
running between Dieppe and 
Paris, he said. 

Ray of hope, page 6 

research to the laboratory. 

The insistence of" Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, ou linkage in the 
wake of the collapse of the 
Reykjavik summit has already 
been criticized by Western 
governments anxious to see a 
separate deal on reducing 
medium-range nuclear mis- 
siles in Europe. 

Dr Sakharov, the father of 
the Soviet hydrogen bomb, 
was speaking about the cur- 
rent state of East-West 
disarmament negotiations for 

Check on 
girl link 

Tbe missing teenager 
Samantha Enridge may be the 
captive of the same tall man 
who abducted another girl six 
days ago, police suspect 
But Det Supt Fergus Cor- 
coran, who is beading the 
inquiry into Samantha's dis- 
appearance, said yesterday 
that despite links between the 
cases of Samantha and Cath- 
erine Ainger, he cannot be 
sure the same man is 

Police know who held Cath- 
erine captive for several days 
shortly before Christmas, but 
are not releasing his name. 

One link is a suggestion that 
the man had come from tbe 
Wood Green area of north 
London — the suburb where 
Catherine lives and 10 miles 
from Samantha's home in 
Chesbunt, Hertfordshire. 

Catherine knew her abduc- 
tor, who was described as 
about 6 ft Sin tall and weighing 
15-16 stone. The man who 
took Samantha is described as 
Sft 8 in to 5ft lOin tall . 

Photograph, page 2 

Full interview 8 

new technology in the military 
field, and to stipulate this as a 
condition of all other arms 
control agreements is com- 
pletely illegal,” he said. 

“The research has started, 
and not only in the United 
States: we may infer that in 
this country something is 
being done. We may infer this 
from general knowledge, and 
it is simply unrealistic to stop 
the research that has already 
started. Therefore. I am 
against tbe principle of tbe 

reporters. Dr Sakharov also 
argued strongly that the whole 
“Star Wars” programme was 
an expensive waste of re- 
sources as the Kremlin would 
easily be able to devise ways to 
defeat iL 

“I think that strategically, 
SDI will not be effective 
because the Soviet Union, if 
SDI is created, will find a 
means at every stage of its 
creation to make this defence 
ineffective,” he explained. 

“On each new variant of 
SDI — and there will definitely 
be many of them, more and 
more complicated — means to 
make it ineffective will easily 
be found." 

Speaking in his small Mos- 
cow flat, the Nobel peace 

Continued on page 16, col 3 


Everton press 

Everton kept up the pressure 
on Arsenal at the top of the 
first division with some 
impressive football in a 5-1 
win over Leicester City 

Football, pages 24, 26 

All change as Mint makes holes in the pocket 

Home News 2-5 
Overseas 6-8 
A ppts M 
Arts 9 

Baths, deaths, 
marriages 15 
Business 17-20 
Church 14 
Court 14 
Crosswords 10,16 
Diary 12 

Events 16 
Features 10-12 

Law Report 19 
Leaders 13 
Letters 13 
Night Sky 14 
Obituary 14 
Pre<H Bonds 16 
Religioil 14 
Science 14 
Show Reports 23 
Spurt 2I-2A26 
Theatres, etc 8 
TV &. Radio 25 
Universities 14 

■fr * d 6 it * 

By a Staff Reporter 

Sweeping changes in the 
shapes, sizes and weights of 
most of the coins in circula- 
tion in Britain today are under 
! consideration by officials at 
‘ the MinL 

Research teams at Notting- 
ham University, the body 
which has often conducted 
questionnaires among the 
public and industry on behalf 
of the Mint, has already 
convinced officials at the 

Treasury' that our coins are for 
too heavy. 

The Treasury also agrees 
that sonic of the lower value 
bronze coins will soon cost 

more to mint than their face 
values and that tbe range is 
wrong. _ 

Nottingham has recom- 
mended that: 

•The heavy seven-sided 50p 
piece should be replaced by a 
comfortable, light, round coin, 
just a little larger than an 
existing 5p coin. 

•The weighty lOp coin be 
replaced by one the size of the 
old silver sixpence. . 

•The 2p bronze coin be 

abolished altogether. 

•The 5p coin be cut to the size 
of a pre-war silver threepenny 

•Introduction for general use 

of tbe £2 milled edge coin and 
a new £5 coin. 

The one coin which Not- 
tingham suggests should re- 
main in use is the lightweight 
20p piece. 

There is little doubt in tbe 
minds of the researchers that 
the public would welcome the 
changes, and not merely for 
the sake of change. Many 
grumble because coins wear 
out pockets too quickly and 
that purses are too bulky. 

Even British Telecom, per- 
haps one of the most heavily 
committed coin-receivers, 
would not resist the introduc- 
tion of a complete range of 

new coins. A spokesman sai± 
“We would need to get our 
computer experts to rewrite 
the softwear programme for 
all the 40,000 new blue 
payphones already in use and 
the bulk of the 300,000 private 
rental payphones in public 
houses, clubs and hotels. 

“The replacements would 
become part of the £160 
million refurbishment of the 
public telephone system. As 
the old pay-on-answer phones 
are phased out, the new will be 
brought in. All of them will be 
programmed to accept any 
coins, no matter what size or 

A Treasury official said that 
coins and their production 
and use was constantly under 
review by Nottingham 

“It is an acknowledged fact 
now that our coinage system is 
illogically defined — illogical 
because the big 10 p is worth 
half the small 20 p. 

“The 20p piece has grown in 
popularity as the 1 Op has 
declined. As far as the bronze , 
coins are concerned, inflation 
has already begun to attack the I 
smaller value coins. It cannot | 
be for off when the lp and 2 p 
coins cost more to produce 
than they are worth.” 



Teacher banned 
over IRA charge 

_ A schoolteacher who denies recrajfmg her pnpik mtn the 
jtmior wing of the IRA. has been famed fiwn by 

the Northern Ireland education authorities. 

RUC headquarters confirmed yesterday that detectives 
were sill “investi gating the circumstances" Into how one of 
her former pupils was recruited into the terrorist 

The ban on Miss Kathleen Gleeson, aged 26, from 
Transnaway Estate; L fcn askea, co Fermanagh, means that 
she cannot be employed by any school in Ulster unless she 
appeals successfully within two weehs.The Department of 
1 Education in Belfast is Informing its counterparts in 
London, to have the ban extended to schools in England 
and Wales. 

. This month Miss Gleeson, a known Sinn Fein activist, 
said: “I am Innocent of these allegations". 


Call for 10-year freeze on African debt 

By Paul Vallely 

A 10-year moratorium on 
the repayment of national 
debts by African nations still 
recovering from last year's 
famine is to be called for by 
the United Nations Children’s 
Fund, Unicef, in a report to be 
published early next year. 

The freezing of the massive 
debt repayments is one of a 
number of measures by which 
the West can assist the 
developing world in its cam- 
: paign to halve infont mortality 
by the year 1990. 

Last week in its 1987 State 
of the World’s Children report, 
unicef called on Third World 
governments to institute low- 

cost immunization and oral 
rehydration therapy pro- 
grammes. The supplementary 
report. Adjustment mUi a 
Human Face, to be published 
next month, deals with the 
role the industrial nations 
should play. 

Among the basic proposals 
are agreements on fairer and 
more stable prices for the 
Third World’s principal com- 
modity exports, fewer import 
restrictions by the West on 
manufactured goods, some 
increase in official aid and 
low-interest loans, a relax- 
ation of debt repayment 

The present level of debt, 
which totals about $888 bfl- 
hon, swallows up a quarter of 
the developing world's earn- 
ings. In some cases, the in- 
terest repayments alone have 
exceeded the total national 
income in many years. 

The strategy seeks to temper 
the “adjustment polities” 
adopted by many of the 
nations during the recession. 
Stagnating trade, felling com- 
modity prices, declining aid, 
mounting debt repayments, a 
shift from soft to hard loans 
and a drop in private lending 
(the main source of external 

schedules and, in the case of development finance in the 
certain sub-Sahelian African booming seventies) have 

nations, the moratorium. 

stalled economic develop- 

ment for the past seven years. 

Inevitably adjustment poli- 
cies, which are often a con- 
dition of continuing support 
from the International Mone- 
tary Fund, include cuts in food 

Those and other defla- 
tionary polities, Unicef ar- 
gues, strike hardest at those 
who have least scope for 
making economies: the chil- 
dren of the poor whose av- 
erage incomes have already 
dropped by more than IS per 
cent in recent years. 

“Malnutrition and low 
birth-weight are on the in- 
crease in Barbados, Belize, 
Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ja- 
maica, Malaysia, Uruguay 

and in many African 
nations.” . 

Acknowledging the need to 
lav the foundations for sus- 
tained economic growth but 
calling for "adjustment with a 
human face”. Dr Richard 
Jolly. Unicef s deputy director 
and the former head of the 
Institute of Development 
Studies at Sussex University, 
aigues that the existing ap- 
proach embodies “an eco- 
nomic error of the most 
fundamental sort” 

The report concludes: no 
adjustment policy is accept- 
able which allows children to 
be sacrificed for the sake of 
financial stability.” 

Tiding article, page 13 




The site of what is 
believed to be England’s 
second-oldest parliament 
has been presented to the 
Open Spaces Society to be 
preserved for the public, 

- The 15 acres of ancient 

parkland known as Par- 
liament Piece at Kenil- 
worth. Warwickshire, is 
the alleged site of Henry 
Ill's parliament, called to 
.placate warring barons in 
1266. The donor is Miss 
Helen Martin of The 
.Spring, Kenilworth. 

The society plans to 
create a new common by 
granting common rights of 
estovers (wood gathering). 

Plea on 


Detectives investigating 
the murder of Mr Donald 
Swain, a teacher, appealed 
yesterday for anyone with 
information to come for- 
ward. Mr Swain, aged 48, 
was clubbed to death early 
on Christmas morning. 

He was “picked oat at 
random" police say, as be 
walked back to bis home in 
HazeUmrst Road. Heaton, 
Bradford. West Yorkshire, 
after drinks with friends. 

Yesterday his widow, 
Brenda, aged 51, was being 
comforted by relatives and 
her children, Martin, aged 
15, and Helen, aged 13. 

Tories back 
grant reform 
as price rises 
hit students 

By Martin Fletcher, Political Reporter 

Conservative-controlled nance element of the man- 
committee will embar- datory award is sufficient to 
the Government next meet all the essential expen- 

Carriage for Duchess 

The Duchess of York is to learn carriage driving at the 
£l8-an-bonr centre run by the Duke of Edinburgh at 

San dr ingham . 

The Duke Is delighted that the Duchess has decided she 
wants to drive a carriage and four. Four of the Queen’s 
horses, including Piper, aged 12, are available for the 
Duchess who has already visited the centre to express her 

The carriage driving centre is run as a commercial 
business, charging £150 a week. It is managed by Mr David 
Saunders, the Duke’s of Edinburgh's coachman and 

High life 
for Duke 

The Duke of Edinburgh $ 
spent more titan an hoar 
clambering around the rot- 
ten roof timbers at Ely 
Cathedral in Cambridge- 
shire yesterday. 

It was his first visit to the 
cathedral since he became 
the patron of a £4 million 
appeal fund to restore the 
building and reverse dam- 
age caused by the elements 
and death watch beetle. 

The Duke was taken 150 
ft up into the nave roof,. 
where£L2 million worth of 
repair work on decaying 
timbers is due to begin next 

Champagne cure 

Mrs Darina Thompson, who was given a new heart, 
longs and liver this month, celebrated with a glass of 
champagne when she was allowed out of the intensive care 
unit at Papworth hospital, near Cambridge, for the first- 
time since the operation on December 17. 

Mrs Thompson, aged 35, a miner’s wife, joined a small 
group of other patients in an ordinary ward for a traditional 
Sunday lunch. She was given the triple transplant in a 
seven-hoar operation at Papworth after being seriously 111 
for more than two years. 

Household Survey 

select committee will embar- 
rass the Government next 
month when it calls not only 
for a substantial increase in 
student grants, but also, it 
seems likely, for the abolition 
of parental contributions to 
students over the age of 21. 

The second proposal would 
cost the Government an esr 
lima led £80 million a year, 
but it would eradicate some of 
the serious problems en- 
countered by the education 
select committee during its 
three-month investigation 
into grant levels. 

MPs were repeatedly told 
that the problem of inad- 
equate grants was greatly exac- 
erbated by the feet that more 
than 40 per cent of parents 
foiled to pay their contribu- 
tions either in part or at alL 
They were concerned at the 
sharp increase in the number 
of parents expected to make 
contributions over recent 
years and at the heavy burden 
on middle-income families 
which were expected to pay 
the full £1,382. 

The upshot, they fear, is 
that potential students, who 
by any other definition are 
independent of their parents 
after the age of 21, are being 
deterred from higher educa- 
tion ter being made to suffer 

Students, university admin- 
istrators, teachers and local 
authorities all argued that the 
present strident grant was far 
too low and MP5 heard much 
anecdotal evidence of increas- 
ing demands on college hard- 
ship funds, of students being 
unable to afford even basic 
equipment and books, of 
lowering academic standards 
and even of malnutrition. 

In the final session of 
evidence, officials from the 
Department of Education 
admitted that the Gov- ' 
eminent “would not now 
m aintain that the mainte- 

diture of the average student". 

The committee's report, 
due in mid-January, will let 
the facts speak for themselves 
and will not recommend fig- 
ures, but it win make dear that 
the student gram must be 
adequate to meet basic needs 
and must be divorced from 
political considerations. 

It will almost certainly call 
for the creation of a special 
student index, possibly taking 
account of regional dif- 
ferences, by which to judge 
how much the grant should be 
increased each year. MPs were 
told that the real value of the 
student grant had dropped by 
about 20 percent in real terms 
since 1979. although the cost 
of the two most basic hems of 
student expenditure, board 
and lodging and books, had 
increased far foster than 

The committee will also 
insist that the Department of 
Education carries out its own 
research into student needs. 
MPs were astonished to hear 
that it relies on the inflation 
rate and evidence from the 
National Union of Students 
and the Committee of Vice- 
Chancellors and Principals in 
order to set the annual grant 

The report will also call on 
the Government to pay a 
much greater percentage of 
students' travel costs. 

Finally, the report is likely 
to call for simplification of 
what one university vice- 
chancellor described as the 
“incredibly complicated” 
grant application forms that 
students and parents are ex- 
pected to complete. Lower 
income and uneducated fam- 
ilies were simply intimidated 
by it and the result was an 
“enormous untapped 
reservoir” of talent being 

Late settling of bills 

Tories argue on law change 

Continued from page X 
senior party figures, including 
Mr Michael Grylls, chair man 
of the backbench industry 
committee. Mr Ottaway wants 
the courts to award interest 
calculated on a daily basis and 
payable 30 days after notice in 
writing has been given of the 
intention to claim interest on 
a debt. 

The decision to exercise the 
right would be discretionary. 
If the injured party fait be 

Fewer over-55s stay in jobs = 

By Ronald Fanx, Employment Affairs Correspondent 

A sharp decline in the 
qiunber of men aged over 55 
still in employment is dis- 
closed in the General House* 
hold Survey (1972-84). 

^The trend towards earlier 
retirement shows that by 1984 
less than three-quarters of 
men aged 55 to 59 were still 
working and only half of those 
aged 60 to 64 had a job. The 
proportion of men over state 
retirement age still at work 
was also halved during the 
survey period. 

~'A fall in employment in 
ypung men aged 16 to 17 
could be explained largely by 
the growing n amber taking 
pdrt in the Youth Opportu- 
nities Programme or, more 
recently, in the Youth Train- 
fog Scheme, the survey said. 
;>JBetween 1983 and 1984 the 
activity rate for that group 
n$e by 12 per cent, probably 
because of changes in the way 
YTS and YOP trainees were 

There was more unemploy- 
ment among all men under 
slate retirement age. In 1973 
only 3 per cent of men aged 16 
to 64 were without work but 
by 1984 that proportion had 
risen to 10 per cent Among 
men under the age of 25, the 
proportion unemployed fell 
from 25 per cent in 1983 to 18 
per cent the following year, 
again because of the new YTS 
and YOP classifications. 

Changes in the regulations 
for signing on at unemploy- 
ment benefit offices for men 
aged 60 to 64 led to a 4 per 

when that condition for 
receiving benefit had been 

The number of working 
women also tended to fall 
during the study period, 
particularly among the young 
and those over retirement age. 
The proportion of single 
women of working age who 
were unemployed increased 
from 3 per cent to 12 per cent 
between 1973-83 and the 
proportion who were working 
dropped from 72 per cent to 
55 per cent 

The survey showed that 

cent fall in the official number unlike the record for men and 
in that group who were with- single women the number of 
out work. They were no longer working wives tended to rise 
required to sign on to claim during the early 1970s. 
national insurance credits or The increase halted in 
supplementary benefit 1979,and stabilized for mar- 

The survey said that the ried women under retirement 
160,000 men affected were age. In both one-parent and 
more likely to describe them- two-parent families mothers 

selves as seeking work while 
they signed on as unemployed 
and available for work than 

were more likely to work if the 
youngest dependent child was 
aged five or over. 

If the injured party felt be 
would damage his refationsbip 
with the other party he would 
be under no obligation to 
claim interest 
Mr Trippier said yesterday 
the plan had big pitfalls. The 
big companies had “armies” 

Priest says he J^.*-** 
is barred from ■^HSfiSESSffi 

Vieitino MftTP turn in detail I was instme- 
Y tailing LWAMK tiveJy in favour of legislation 
The Northern Ireland Of- in tins area, but I have been 
See and its prison authority convinced by the many s m a ll 
were accused yesterday of business lobby groups who 
siding with a Roman Catholic have said ’Be careful,* " he 
bishop involved in a long- said. 

running dispute with a di- Mr Ottaway, whose Bill to 
ncesan priest who has been introduce a legally enforceable 
refused facilities to visit a right to interest was blocked 
Former parishioner in the by the Government in the last 
Maze jail near Belfast. session ofPa riiam ent and who 

Father Pat Buckley, who has since introduced another, 

doubted whether the large 
companies would use such 
legislation more than the 

“We are trying to speed up 
the payment of debts for 
aU,"he said. But he strongly 
welcomed the possible leg- 
islative change to help the 
small firms thwarted in their 
claim for interest by a late 
move to settle the principal 
sum owed. 

Mr Trippier and Lord 
Young of Graffham, the Sec- 
retary of State for Employ- 
ment will consider proposing 
to the Cabinet a change to the 
1982 Administration of Jus- 
tice Act which only allows 

creditors to sue for interest on 
the late payment of a debt if 
they have started proceedings 
before the sum is paid. 

Mr Trippier told The Times 
last night that he was sympa- 
thetic to allowing creditors to 
continue their quest for for 
terest in the courts even if the 
debt was paid at the last 

“At the moment if the 
principal sum outstanding is 
settled before the court 
proceedings there cannot be 
an award of interest. But if a 
small businessman has gone 
to the lengths of taking legal 
action a larger firm he 

has probably in his mind 
written off the possibility of 
■ ever getting any further busi- 
ness from that company. If so 
he might as well go the whole 
hog and obtain the interest 
that he could claim is due. I 
accept that and I am sympa- 
thetic to it 

"But as for a wholesale 
change which would make the 
granting of interest com- 
pulsory I am dead against iL It 
would be maxiness and be 
da maging to everything that I 
and many others have been 
trying to do for the small 

The Northern Ireland Of- 
fice and its prison authority 
woe accused yesterday of 
skiing with a Roman Catholic 
bishop involved in a long- 
running dispute with a di- 
ocesan priest who has been 
refused facilities to visit a 
former parishioner in the 
Maze jail near Belfast. 

Father Pat Buckley, who 
was dismissed last year from 
the parish at Larne, Co An- 
trim, by the Bishop of Down 
and Connor after criticizing 
the Catholic hierarchy, says 
that when be spoke to the 

Cariidip chaplain at the Mam 
he was told he no longer 
belonged to the diocese. 

“The governor said he 
would have to contact the NIO 
(Northern Ireland Office) bat 
promised me a special visit 
before Christmas. After five 
days I rang again and was told 
I could not have any snch visit 
The Northern Ireland Of- 
fice said that Father Buckley 
had the same visiting rights as 
anyone else. 

Small companies wait 
70 days for payments 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Despite a new code of campaign by many small busi- 
practice small businesses are ness pressure groups to secure 
still having to wait about 70 earlier payments of bills and 
days for large companies to rising concern at the number 

ray their bills, the Forum for 
Private Business says. Mr Stan 
Mendham, director of the 
forum, apressure group repr- 
esenting small businessesssaid: 
“Our own earlier survey put 
the delay at 75 days. Later 
evidence indicates that there 
has been virtually no imp- 
rovement since the code of 
practice last May.” 

The forum has nearly com- 
pleted an assessment on pay- 
ments which will indude a 
survey in which its members 
identify the slowest payers. 
The results are still coming in 
but Mr Mendham believes 
that slow payment largely 
involves big companies. 

“They can get away with it 
because they can most easily 
shrug off any threat by a 
supplier not to send more 
goods until the bills have been 
paid," he said. 

There has been a long 

of small businesses being 
squeezed out of business. 

The problem is likely to get 
worse because a new regime of 
prompter VAT payment puts 
additional pressure on the 
cash and credit resources of 
small businesses, Mr Mendh- 
am says. 

“The Government with 
VAT has legislated to get bills 
paid on time. It is time there 
was legislation to force com- 
panies which are late payers of 
bills to pay interest as in many 
other countries,” he said. 

The code of practice, for- 
mulated by Mr David Tripp- 
ier, Under Secretary ofState at 
the Department of Employe 
ment, was backed by the 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry, the Institute of Direc- 
tors. the Institute of Purch- 
asing and Supply and the 
.Association of British Cham- 
bers of Commerce. 

Docklands project threatened by loss of grant 

Science Editor 
The largest inner-city en- 

Dockland Development Cor- 

In the past year the corpora- 

viromCTtimd oology pro- gave iMndchute £62,M0 

ject in London, involve the The I -^ 0 ^ 

reclamation of 32 acres of ““•S® . «W00 

wilderness, is under threat. 

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e.-v. \ "■■iK'n-MiAhCF. v-bi.-: .v ?•.■• ••= 

The ftmire of MudSutfi figM*. 1k.IU.rIwk. 
Farm is uncertain because at ^ ucatl0n Authority. 

the end of the year it loses its 
largest grant. 

More than 100 schools con- 
duct their outdoor classes in 
wildlife and environmental 
studies in its unique setting on 
the Isle of Dogs, east London. 

The shadow over the 
development arises from the 
unusual way in which grants 
for community schemes are 
allocated in London's Dock- 

One reason given by the 
corporation for withdrawing 
its grant is that it “will not be 
around itself for ever and a 
day". It has suggested that 
Mudchute should become 

The farm takes hs name, 
from the unusual way in 
which it was created. The area 
is an artificially made bank of 
soil created in the last century, 
when millions of tons of sill 

The Mudchute leases its were dredged in the construc- 
land from the London Bor- don of the great Millwall 
ough of Tower Hamlets. But Docks. Gradually the sedi- 
its funding comes largely from ment dried out, leaving an 
the Little Egg budget, a undulating wilderness, 
scheme unique to the London The area was earmarked 

officially as “green space” less 
than 15 years ago, when the 
Docklands Strategic Plan was 
conceived to revive the 
blighted area of east London. 

The transformation to a 
combination of community 
park, field studies centre, 
educational small holding and 
riding school began with an 
idea in 1974 by Kate Heron, 
the architect and landscape 

The Mudchute was leased 
two years later to the Associ- 
ation of Island Communities 
to make a park, including a 
farm and allotments and rec- 
reational space. 

A new organization was 
formed called the Mudchute 
Farm and Park Association. It 
involved local people through 
schools and summer play 
schemes, summer festivals, an 
annual agricultural show 
(which attracted more than 
10,000 people tins year), a 

pony dub, and a youth dub that the day areas are quite 
which organizes sailing, camp- fertile, supporting thick 
fog, and climbing weekends. - growth of large plants: horse- 
In the centre of the parkland radish, nettles, docks, comfrey 
created from the surplus soil and tall grasses, 
there is an amphitheatre of On the less fertile banks, 
grassland for summer plant growth is thinner but 
concerts. more varied. 

Over the past decade the The farm houses a breeding 
changing face of Mudchute flock of 60 sheep, including 
and its ecology have also been Jacobs and other unusual 
charted for group such as the types. There are two cows, six 
London wildlife Trust, the goats, six sows with litters. 
Flora and Fauna Society and eight calves and a variety of 
the Ecological Parks Trust chickens and ducksAn apiary 

One scheme has shown the- contains 30 hives, 
importance of understanding . . There are three fox sets, two 

the industrial history of an 
area if it is going to be 
transformed for other rec- 
reational uses. An investiga- 
tion this autumn into why 
fruit trees withered disclosed 
that spoil containing lead 
must have been buried on the 
site many years ago. 

Studies by schools and pro- 
fessional groups have shown> 

heron families and small 
mammals, including voles. 

The corporation made one 
proposal for the sale of land 
for development It said: “We 
do not want to buy it But the 
ideais that the sale could raise 
£3 million to £4 million 
which could be put in trust 
and Mudchute could live on 
the interest” 

By Robin Young 

Local residents in Green- 
wich are surprised to see the 
forthcoming by-election in 
their parliamentary constit- 
uency in the newspapers as a 
crucial contest in a highly 
marginal seat To them the 
seat has always been, and 
remains, safe Labour. 

The fact that at the last 
general election the Labour 
MF, Mr Guy Barnett who 
died on Christinas Eve, had a 
majority of only 1,211 is 
dismissed by the man id 
Greenwich High Street as a 
freakish aberration. It was, 
several of them maintained 
sturdily yesterday, largely ex- 
plained by an unexpectedly 
strong showing by Mr Tun 
Ford, the candidate for the 
Social Democratic Party. 

SDP fortunes hare waned 
somewhat since, and Mr Ford, 
stood down some months ago. 

His successor, Mrs Rosie 
Barnes, a market research 
consultant was selected just a 
fortnight ago. 

The Conservatives bare 
changed cand idates too, and 

SDP fortunes are 
on the wane 

their new man, Mr John 
Aatcliffe, is one of the 12 
Tories on Greenwich council. 
He represents Blackheath 
ward, which is just outside the 
parliamentary constituency, 
and is typical of the young 
upwardly-mobife urban pro- 
fessionals who hare lately 
been arriving in the area, and 
who are not muversally well- 

liked by kmger-estaWisbed 

It Is accepted that Green- 
wich Labour party, which has 
been dominated by the hard 
left since the late 1970s. w31 
choose a fairly extreme left 
candidate to follow Mr 
Barnett, a moderate. 

The likely runners include 
Mrs Deirdre Wood, who was 
one of Greenwich's GIG coun- 
cillors and is still its Ilea 
representative. As chairman of 
Ilea's staff committee she 
commands a powerful patron- 
age but her selection would be 
“worth several bimdred votes 
to the SDP" aecnwiing tD a 
middle-class Greenwich res- 
ident of 20 years' standing. 

Other likely contenders are 
Mr Ted Knight, the former 
leader of the hard-left Lam- 
beth council; Mr Peter 
Wflisman, an official of the 
National Union of Public 
Employees, who is a leading 
fight in the Bennite Campaign 
for Labour Party Democracy; 
Miss Valerie Wise, former 
head of the GLCs militant 
women's unit and daughter of 
Mrs Audrey Wise, the former 
far-left Labour MP whom Mr 
Cartwright managed, rather 
sHsprisiagly, to keep out of 
Woolwich at the last general 
election, and Mrs Frances 
Morrell, the leader of Ilea and 
a former aide to Mr Tony 

There is, though, one strong 
and popular local contender 
who conkl prove even more 
embarrassing to the Labour 
leadership than any of the 
better-known names men- 
tioned so far. He is Mr Eddie 
McFarland, a vociferous and 
undeniably capable Greenwich 
councillor who has in the past 
made no secret of his sym- 
pathy for the Militant Ten- 
dency and its supporters. 

Mr McFarland was a close 
runner-op when the leader of 
Greenwich council, Mr John 

Far left in control 
of local council 

Anstm-Walker, was chosen to 
succeed Mrs Wise (who has 
now found herself a safe 
Labour nomination in Pres- 
ton) as Labour's challenger to 
Mr Cartwright in Woolwich. 
Mr McParland, according to 
local accounts, finished ahead 
of Mr Willsman in that selec- 
tion race, and his namf was 
mentioned by several declared 
Greenwich Labour supporters 
yesterday as the candidate 
they would most like to see 
selected. Perhaps not surpris- 
ingly he was named by several 
confessed SDP supporters too. 

With 45 seats the Labour 
group on Greenwich council 
has a majority of 27 over ail 

other parties, and although the 
far left has been firmly fa 
control since 1979 the council 
has never readied such well- 

“loony" leftism as Islington, 
Brent or Haringey. 

. There has been no sngges- 
t ron o f any ancoastitntiona! 
proceedings in the local La- 
party, and it is highly 
npiikely that they will now 

excuse to impose a moderate 
omdidate, as happened at 
Jmnrsley North. Whoever, 
and however extreme, is 
Greenwich Labour party's 
choice as candidate, that is the 
person who most be rated the 
most likely to become the 
constituency's next MP. 



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KAL crewmen defy 
blizzards to rescue 
cliff plunge climber 

A helicopter crew of four 
risked deuth in a blinding 
snowstorm to reach a climber 
badly injured in a 700ft tall. 

Driving snow. low cloud 
and darkness meant ihatt 
visibility was so bad the crew 
had to wear special night 
vision goggles to see what they 
were doing. 

The crew, in a Sea King 
helicopter, made three at- 
tempts to reach the man after 
manoeuvring more than two 
miles around a Lake District 
cove to reach the spot. 

On the third attempt, the 
helicopter crew managed to 
winch him on board and lake 
him to Newcastle General 

The drama happened yes- 
terday after a party of seven 
climbers staying at a youth 

700 feet. It's an absolute mir- 
acle that he even survived." 

While the team lowered 
themselves down to where Mr 
Hogan lay injured, the Sea 
King, from RAF Boulmer in 
Northumberland, was called 

A spokesman at the RAF 
base said: “Our chaps say it 
was one of the hairiest mis- 
sions they’ve ever been on. 
They had very little room to 
manoeuvre and at some 
points could barely see SO 
yards. With the turbulence 
and snow the way it was, that 
made it a particularly risky 

Yesterday Mr Hogan, of 
Park Avenue, RainbiU. 
Merseyside, underwent sur- 

hosiel in Grasmere bad set off gery for severe head and back 
io go from Hansop to High injuries. 

Street, above Hawes water. 

Mr Gary Hogan, aged 29, a 
solicitor from Merseyside, 
slipped over a cliff edge. As 
the injured climber recovered 
from his ordeal, a member of 
the Patierdale mountain res- 
cue team described how the 
drama began. 

"Apparently, this group had 
been sliding down a snow 
slope using their ice axes when 
Mr Hogan got out of control. 

The spokesman for 
Patierdale mountain rescue 
team said: “The conditions 
made it a very risky operation 
all round, but the helicopter 
crew was magnificent. 

“It took great courage and 
expertise to manage the 
manoeuvre and get him away 
to hospital." 

The crew. Flight Lieuten- 
ants Mike Fairbaim, the pilot, 
Kev Emberson, his co-pilot 

Arts in demand 

£3m boost for foreign tours 

By Garin Bell, Arts Correspondent 

The growing reputation of culture, after successful visits British representation with 

British actors, musicians and in 1983 and 1985. The com- Jeffrey Tate conducting, as- 

other artists overseas is to be pany will perform Antony and sisled by Gram Llewellyn, the 

given a boost by the British Cleopatra* with Anthony Welsh conductor, and 10 

Council next year. Hopkins and Judy Dench in young British musicians in the 

In spite of complaints of the title roles, before moving 
lack of government funds, the on to Egypt and Israel in 

council is supporting more 
than 500 events ranging from 
a National Theatre debut in 
Egypt and Israel, to perfor- 
mances of Britten's War Re- 
quiem in East and West Berlin 
and an inaugural tour of the 
Arab world by a leading rock 

Sir John Burgh, director- 
general, said that the £3 mil- 
lion package of tours and 
exhibitions was in response to 
increasing demand through- 
out the world. 

"Our arts have, never been 
held in higher regard. How- 




production of King Henry IV Orchestra, 

Welsh conductor, and 10 
young British musicians in the 
orchestra of 120. 

Other classical hi g hli g hts 
include a tour of the Soviet 
Union by the BBC Symphony 

(parts I and II) and King 
Henry V for the English 
Shakespeare Company will be 
performed in Germany and 
Paris, and the National Youth 
Theatre will stage Peter 

In an effort to reach younger 
audiences, the council is 
mounting its first rock tour. 
The band. Furniture, which 
first appeared in the charts 
this year with Brilliant Minds* 

Terson's Zigger Zagger in will visit Iraq, Jordan and 


Deborah Warner, the direo- 


An exhibition of British pop 

lor, has been given an in- music, including video record- 
triguing Shakespearian ings and compact disc listen- 

challenge: to direct The Tem- 
pest in Bengali in Bangladesh 
and Measure for Measure in 

ever, the available funds are Swedish in Stockholm. 

not sufficient to meet the huge 
demands from overseas, de- 
spite major - contributions 
from our partner countries 
and sponsorship. This is 
Britain's loss." 

The National Theatre will 
return to Greece in July at the 
personal invitation of Melina 
Mercouri, the minister of 

An unusual feature of the 
music programme is the 
performances by theJeu nesses 

mg booths, will open in 
Turkey in January and will 
then lour the world. 

A harmonious blend of folk 
culture is in prospect when the 
Welsh group, Ar Log, tours 
Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, 

Musicales World Orchestra of Peru and Chile; apparently its 
Britten's War Requiem on traditional pipes and horns are 

both sides of the Berlin Wall 
on August 15 and 16, to 
celebrate the 750th anniver- 
sary of the city. 

There will be a strong 

familiar to the musicians of 
the Andes. 

The Royal Ballet will tour 
the Soviet Union for the first 
lime since 1961. 

reward to 
find killers 

fire kills 

Siege man 
is found 
shot dead 

By a Staff Reporter 

The brother of the mur- 
dered Greek fashion tycoon, 
Aristos Constantinou, yes- 
terday doubled to £100,000 
the reward for information 
about the killers, and spoke of 
a tape recording he said 
contained vital new evidence. 

Mr Achillea Constantinou 
was speaking after a memorial 
service for his brother, who 
was shot dead at his home in 
Hampstead, north-west Lon- 1 
don. on January L 1985. 

Police have been unable to 
solve the killing, in spite of 
taking more than 1 .000 state- 
ments and spending nearly 
two years ou the case. It also 
divided the Constantinou 
family, after the murdered 
man's widow, Elena, married 
an American, then separated 
from him and moved to 

Yesterday Mr Constan-, 
linou, aged 38, said: “It is time 1 
the truth came out We are 
therefore increasing the re- 
ward to £100,000 for any 
information that leads to the, 
arrest and conviction of the 1 
murderer or murderers." 

He also said one of two men 
arrested in connection with- 
the killing, but subsequently 
released, claimed to have a 
tape recording of a conversa- 
tion he had with the former 
Mrs Constantinou. "I appeal 
to them to surrender this 
evidence to the police.” 

Mr and Mrs Constantinou 
had been returning from a 
New Year’s Eve party when 
Mr Constantinou, aged 40, 
was shot. The murder weapon 
was not found and although 
£50.000 was stolen the dead 
man's brother said that thou- 
sands more was left in the 

Mr Constantinou also 
claimed that police were flying 
to Cyprus to interview a new 
important witness. 

Scotland Yard could not 
confirm yesterday either the 
existence of the tape recording 
or the trip to Cyprus. 

Lucy Malone, aged 1 5, and 
her sister Osyth, aged four, 
died in a bouse fire yesterday 
in spile of their father’s efforts 
to save them. 

Mr John Malone managed 
to rescue his son, David, aged 
eight, but was beaten back by 
smoke when he tried to get up 
the stairs of the family's 
cottage at Valley View, New- 
market, Nailsworth, 
Gloucestershire, to reach the 
girls. His attempt to enter 
using a ladder also failed. 

Firemen fought the blaze for 
three and a half hours. 

Mr Malone’s wife. Mrs 
Osyth Malone, also survived 
the fire, and another son, 
Patrick, aged 1 8, was not at the 
house at the time. 

The family were thought to 
ave moved to the bouse on 

have moved to the bouse on 
Christinas Eve. Clothes being 
aired close to a heater are 
believed io have started the 

Station Officer Keith Mar- 
tin said that the girls were too 
terrified to leave the house. 

He added:"The father did 
get as far as the lop of the 
stairs, and called out to his 
daughters through the 
flames, but for some reason - 
probably fright - they refused 
to move, and he was unable to 
gel closer to them". 

Armed police found a dead 
man lying beside a shotgun | 
| when they searched a house I 
after a siege in south-east ; 
London yesterday. 

The armed man had burst | 
into his former girl friend’s! 
bouse in Gaiganey Walk, i 
Plumstead, at 3 am yesterday 
and assaulted her current boy 
friend, who took refuge with 
her three children in a bar- 
ricaded bedroom. 

Scotland Yard said worried 
neighbours alerted police, who 
heard a shot from the house as 
they arrived. They rescued the 
children’s mother and re- 
treated until contact was made 
by telephone with the appar- 
ent hostages. 

Seven hours after the armed 
man entered the house, the 
boy friend and children es- 
caped through a bathroom 
window using a fire service 
ladder. Police then searched 
the bouse and found the man 
dead, with head wounds, be- 
side his gun in the living 

The boy friend and children 
were taken to Brook General 
Hospital near by for medical 
checks. A hospital spokesman 
said the children were dis- 
charged after 20 minutes but 
the man stayed longer, receiv- 
ing treatment for cuts and 


* "* • * ■ ■ *■* & 

"He could not brake himself and Mai Tcmoutft, radar op- 
and shot over the edge and fell eralor, together with Sergeant 

20 police 
hurt in 

Twenty Dolicemen have 
been iniurea during brawls in 

John McCormack, the 
wiachman, were enjoying a 
well-earned break last night 

Sergeant McCormack, aged 
29, described the rescue as one 
of the mbst perilous he has 
been involved in. 

"Conditions were bad as I 
have seen. The snow, low 
cloud and darkness reduced 
visibility drastically. And the , 
wind was a very big problem. 

"We were ail very very 
anxious to say the least We ; 
tried one route and had to , 
abort that because of the high ; 
winds, then we just hover- 
taxied for about five miles. It 
look us about an hour an a 
half and at some points we 
were travelling at walking 

“In some parts the heli- 
copter was going within about 
15 (eel of a cliff edge. It was at 
the very limit. 

"But we train all the time 
for this sort of thing so it was 
just a question of calling on 
our experience and staying 
cool even when you are being 
blown around a tot. 

"I was hanging out of the 
chopper during the operation, 
but I didn't go down on the 
winch until wc reached the 
injured man." 

jer.* i -I- .!■/ 

Twenty Dolicemen have 
been injuretl during brawls in 
towns in the Thames Valley 
over the Christmas period. 

The officers needed hospital 
treatment after being called in 
to restore order during a series 
of disturbances, in town cen- 
tres, and outside public houses 

— ^edd — 

go into the 

The winner or the weekly 
Portfolio Gold prize was Mrs 
Vera Brooks, of Hove, East 
Sussex, who will receive 
£8,000. Three readers shared 
Saturday’s daily Portfolio 

and social dubs, which began. Gold prize of £4,000, each 

on Christmas Eve. 

Nine officers were injured 
m Buckinghamshire, during 
disturbances in Aylesbury and 
Milton Keynes; five in Slough. 
Berkshire, and two others in 
the county at Reading and 
Wokingham; two in Oxford, 
and two others in Oxfordshire 

at Banbury and Cowley. 

A spokesman for Thames 
Valley police said that none of 
the victims had been detained 
in hospital, but several would 
require outpatient treatment 
to injuries sustained during 
the disturbances, most of 
which were related to exces- 
sive drinking. 

"What should have been a 
peaceful Christmas turned 
into violence,” he said. 

BP to drill for 
oil in Sussex 


East Sussex County Council 
has given BP permission to 
drill for oil and gas at 
Hartfield on the Kent border. 

The site, to the west of 
Holtye golf course, is screened 
by woodland from the A264 
Tunbridge Wells to East 
Grinstead road and a residen- 
tial area. 

Disability win 

receiving £3,333. 

Mrs Kathleen Griffin, a 
widow in her seventies, of 
Heath Town, Wolverhampton, 
plans Co spend her winnings on 
a new refrigerator and cooker. 
“They will both come in very 
HsefuL” she said. 

Mrs Griffin, who has been 
playing Portfolio Gold for a 
long time, was overjoyed at 
winning the prize money, and 
added: “I hope the other 
winners are as happy and 
pleased about it as I am." 

Another winner, Mr Nicho- 
las Taylor, an actuary from 
Bristol, has been playing Port-- 
folio Gold since the game 
started, helped by his wife and 

daugh ter. 

When asked how be in- 
tended spending the prize 
money, Mr Griffin said^This 
time of year it will be put 
towards school fees and pay- 
ing for Christmas." 

The otber winner was Mr L 
B K Townsend, of south-west 

Readers can obtain a Port- 
folio Gold card by sending a 
stamped addressed envelope 

Portfolio Gold 

The Times 

PO Box 40 



A 321-ton toad causing a traffic tailback on the M4 yesterday on its way from Avonmouth, 
Avon, to Did cot, Oxfordshire. The load, a transformer for a power station, was carried by an 
18ft wide, 221ft truck with 112 wheels (Photograph: Mark Pepper). 

Thugs set BR looks at cheap 

dogon top fj-Bj (.jags travel 

DHSS officials have agreed 
that Mr Andrew Potts, aged 
19, of Hawthorne Avenue, 
Trent Vale, Stoke-on-Trent, 
who has only one leg, is 
eligible for a disability allow- 
ance. This follows a six-mouth 
fight and intervention by his 


Lake search 

EamoaB Coghlan, Ireland's 
world champion athlete, may 
have to call off his forthcoming 
American tour altar two thugs 
set tbeir dog ou him as he was 
oat oo a training run in Dublin. 

Coghlan, aged 33, was sav- 
aged by a black and white 
terrier after be asked two 
teenagers to stop shouting fool 
fangMg fe at a woman and her 
cMId as they waited for a bus 
in the city’s North Circular 
Road area on 'Saturday. 

The former world 5,000 
metres champion and indoor 
world record rafter underwent 
surgery at foe Mater Hospital 
for a broken hand and severe 
tissue damage to his calves 
and thighs . 

Coghlar , who came home to 
Ireland from the United States 
for Christmas, said: “I won’t 
know the extent of the damage 
for at least 24 boras. But there 
is severe tissue damage. If I 

By Rodney Cowton. Transport Correspondent 
British Rail is to examine case for bringing back the 

miss 10 days traniisig it will 
mean an end to the US indoor 

mean an end to the US indoor 

He said the thugs, on bi- 
cycles, rode through traffic 
figlats and were shouting abu- 
sive language. 

“I asked them to stop as 
there was a young woman and 
child there. I pretended to pick 
op speed ami chase them. 
Then they set the dog ou me. 

"While I was trying to ward 
off die animal I broke my left 
hand. The dog took two 
chunks literally oat of my calf 
muscle and refused to let go.” 

A passing motorist took him 
to hospital, where his left hand 
was operated on. His condition 
was comfortable last night 

the possibility of reintroduc- 
ing cheap find class day return 
tickets, which were abolished 
in 1983. 

A spokesman for British 
Rail confirmed that the issue 
was to be re-examined, but 
said there were no plans for 
reintroducing the tickets in the 
near future, and it was un- 
likely that they would ever be 
brought back on a national 

Another source, however, 
said he thought the opposition 
to bringing back the off-peak 
tickets came only from the 
highest levels of management, 
and that at lower levels there 
was considerable interest in 
experimenting with cheap first 
class fares. 

It is believed that managers 
would like to reintroduce such 
tickets experimentally on Net- 
work SouthEast and on se- 
lected routes on the Inter-City 
network, where first class 
carriages are under-used dur- 
ing peak periods. 

A study by the Central 
Transport Consultative Com- 
mittee (CTCC), a travellers’ 
watchdog organization, which 
has been pressing British Rail 
on the issue for three years, 
said there was undoubtedly a 

tickets in London and the 

One suggestion is that the 
first class off-peak return fore 
should be set at the same level 
as the standard second class 
return fore. 

Mr Barry Flaxman, chair- 
man of the Transport Consul- 
tative Committee for Eastern 
England, and a member of the 
CTCC, said that British Rail 
had been under strong pres- 
sure to bring back the tickets, 
although at a lesser discount 
than before. 

Mr Adrian Houghton, vice- 
chairman of the Southend-on- 
Sea Railway Travellers’ 
Association in Essex, said that 
if businessmen were able at a 
reasonable price to travel first 
class so that they could do 
some work, many would pre- 
fer rail travel to going by car. 
Bui if the choice was between 
high first class fores, and 
second class travel, then they 
would prefer to go by car. 

However, Mr Trevor 
Garrod, general secretary of 
the Railways Development 
Society, said that the 
reintroduction of the tickets 
would affect only a small 
proportion of the travelling 

A team of police divers will 
today begin a search of Ulls- 
waler in the Lake District for 
Mr Gerard Devlin, a lawyer 
who has not been seen since 
last Tuesday when he left for 
his office near Glasgow. His 
car was found by the lake on 
Christmas Eve. 

Nicholas Taylor was helped 
by his wife and daughter 

Head’s award 

The French government has 
made Mr Peter Downes, head- 
master of the Hinchmgbrooke 
Secondary School at Hunting- 
don, Cambridgeshire, a che- 
valier of the Ordre des Palmes 
Academiques in recognition 
of his services to French 

Parent butted 
by councillor 
awarded £410 

Train death 

A parent whose nose was 
broken when a councillor 
butted him at a meeting called 
to discuss a school closure has 
been awarded £410 by the 
Crimmal Injuries Compensa- 
tion Board. 

Mr Jim Muffin, aged 55, a 
Labour member of Gwent 

Matthew Ellis, aged 19, of County Council, has not been 
Crawfield Green, San, Port prosecuted, and Mr Andrew 

Talbot, died yesterday after 
foiling from tiie London to . 
Swansea train as it travelled 
through Pyle, South Wales, at 
70 mph. He had been drinking j 
with friends. 

Getting better 

The condition of Wynford 
Vaughan-Thomas, aged 77, 
the broadcaster, was .slightly 
improved in hospital in 
Haverfordwest, Dyfed, yes- 
terday. He was admitted for 
tests a week ago. 

Lewis, aged 29, a steel worker, 
of Newbridge, Gwent, pursued 
his claim privately. 

Mr Charles Whitby, QC 
who presided at the compensa- 
tion board hearing to Cardiff, 
said that Mr Lewis's claim 
was justified after hearing how 
Mr Muffin assaulted him at * 
meeting in Gwent county halL 

Police arrived and reported 
Mr Muffin for riotous behav- 
iour and assault, but the case 
was dropped on the advice of 
the Director of Public 

Three boys of 
eight wreck 
junior school 





- v .<3 

L • . • 

“Vm -v w 

Eamonn Coghlan has 
injuries and 'a broken h 

A junior school has been 
almost completely wrecked by 
three boys aged eight who are 
too young to be prosecuted. 

They ransacked classrooms, 
wrecked furniture, smashed 
windows and trophies and 
daubed obscenities. They also 
crushed pots and plants, 
ripped clocks and artwork 
from walls, tore books to 
shreds and wrenched out tele- 
phones at Pantside school, 1 
Newbridge, GwenL * j 

Mr Roger Thomas, the i 
headmaster, and his staff of ' 
seven are spending their holi- . 
days cleaning up. 

Gwent police-said: “It is the 
worst act of vandalism we 
have ever known but the boys i 
are below the age of criminal | 
responsibility and cannot be 
prosecuted. I 

“The boys themselves could 
not give any explanation.” 









S rawirw BBESIMWM 


ill — - t — 


The Normans who dug themselves in 

Directions: Travelling west along Old Brampton Road take first turning left after West Brampton 
tube station into Seograve Road -Take first left again into Roxby Place. 

The wild rabbits that live 
either side of the B2143 road 
in the parish of West Dean, 
near Chichester, West Sussex, 
are some of the best bred in 
Britain. Tbeir history has 
been traced a great deal 
further than most human fam- 
ilies, to Norman tunes. 

The first detailed history of 
a rabbit warren has been 

A murder hunt began last 
night after police found Lhe 
injured body of a middle-aged 
man in a Hampshire field. The 
victim, thought, to be a local 
man. was found in the Solent 
village of Netley. 

published by two ecologists, 
Mr Andrew Tittensor and his 
wife, Ruth, who have been 
studying the West Dean rabbit 
warren for the past five years. 
They have sifted records and 
organized archaeological digs 
to get at every local rabbit fact. 

“Black rabbits occasionally 

pop up in the fields near by 
and ibese are the descendants 
of those originally imported by 
the Normans, which were 
black, silver or fawn," Mrs 
Tittensor said yesterday. 

The West Dean rabbits 
started life sometime during 
the thirteenth century, as lux- 
ury animals bred for the tables 
of Arundel Castle. The 
Tittensors found traces of an 
old pillow mound, an artificial 
borrow created to encourage 
the then rare animals to breed. 

There were also remains of 
what was probably a watch- 
tower. "It was quite normal to 
have towers where the war- 
reoer could check oo 

The first written reference 

and Oliver Cromwell tne rab- 
bits flourished. By 1682 the 
warren contained 900 breeding 
pairs of rabbits let: out at a rent 
of £45. 

The decline and fall of the 
warren .came in with the 
Hanoverian dynasty. By 1729 
a document complained, "it is 
more notorious than coneys" 
(the old name for rabbits). 

Sixty years later the rabbits 
had tbeir most famous visitor, 
Gilbert White, the naturalist, 
who came to stay with his 
brother-in-law in a house 

i ne first written reference m ^ He saw 

to tiie warren cue ■ 157L m foe rabbit 

during the reigll of Elizabeth I, huirnw*. nn^umablv because 

showing that Thomas Stough- 
ton farmed it. In 1583, the rent 
was £20 and a new tenant was 
obliged to keep a breeding 
stock of 3.G00 adults. 

Through the reigns of the 
first two Stuarts, the Civil War 

burrows, presumably because 
(here were no other more 
snitable nesting sites. 

The blackest year came in 
1803 under George III. In 
what was meant to be a 
holocaust of all rabbits, the 
burrows and pillow mounds 

were stopped up. But they 
remained an agricnftaral pest 

The next big setback came 
in 1954 with myxamatosis. 
Although vast numbers of 
rabbits died, their comeback 
took only 30 years. “We 
estimate there are now about 
750 rabbits still mi the site." 
Mrs Tittensor said. 

One fact eludes tbe 
Tittensors. How did warrens 
get their name? “We ass nine 
the word comes from the Earl 
de Warrene who came over 
with William the Conqueror. 
But we don't know where he 
came from in Fiance. If any 
historian knows, we would like 
the information just to round 

off where it all started.” 

The Rabbit Warren at West 
Dean (Ruth and Andrew 
Tittensor. Walberton Green 
House, The Street, Walberton, 
Arundel. Sussex. £1.75). 

iwoeo SJJ4 
unmet max 

£1.150 £690 

£475 £280 

!2'x9* £2,250 £800 

t»'9*x4'6* £1,750 £900 

6’x3'6' SL\>5 £60 

VxV £12 £7 

5'y 3’ £2,800 £1,350 

8'xS' £6.800 £3,000 

6TX37 - £1,350 £675 

7-2'x4'B* WOO £525 
5 '4 -x 3 TO* £850 £360 

5T x 3*2' £4,200 £2,200 

6*2* x 4*3' 
7*2' X 4*3* 

£3,250 £1.600 
£3 75 £195 





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£525 £360 
£450 £175 
£360 £175 
£1.150 £550 

lO’l'xni' £1.200 £675 
£3.200 £1,400 
£3.500 £1,800 




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£2.150 £1.100 






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tbrspning dimiileclmik.. 




> . . 

Housing finance: 1 

Buildins firms wary 
as societies step up 
development plans 

Allowing building societies 
to act as property developers, 
holding and managing land 
and building houses, is a 
practical extension of their 
present responsibilities. 

Some of the biggest societies^ 
have been active in the 
development field for somf 
lime through sponsored com 
panies. so the wider housrf 
powers are more of an extef 
sion than something new. / 
However, they do represft 
a greatly increased strenA. 
which the societies intense 
use. / 

Mr John Spalding, diipor 
and chief executive «“* 
Halifax, Britain’s Iarges*°ci- 
ety. told a conference pfady 
that the importance f the 
power to own land, orally 
intended to help witwhared 
ownership schemes, pas to 
enable them to becon devel- 
opers, to buy land airinitiate 
projects rather thatfeact to 
them; to drive and 1 # as well 
as finance them. / 

It is a deiermiwion that 
has worried Britain’s 
housebuilders, wp belieye 
that societies mid use their 
immense resouips to buy 
land and then urfreut build- 
ers because the would not 
need to make a /ofit ; 

The Hous/ Builders’ 
Federation haijavoided dis- 
cussion of this^nsifive mal- 





not do it." “We see our role as a 

Although the social aims of catalyst and the criticd factor 
its housing policy are vitally if ! 

ter in its metfngs with the 
Building Softies Associ- 
ation, but theMeration, con- 
scious of uipse among its 
members, ha considered the 

Building Softies Associ- 
ation, but theWeration, con- 
scious of uipse among its 
members, ha considered the 

Its condpon is that if 
building softies operate on 
equal terns running on a 
proper conflerciaJ basis and 
not hiding^sses if things did 

Rojal plea 

important, they are not the 
end of the story, and the 
society does not accept that 
social housing and profit are 
mutually exclusive. At present 
every project is rigorously 
examined and the proposed 
lending goes to the main board 
for approval 

When the Halifax has its 
own subsidiary, its schemes 
will have to apply for loans 
and be subjected to the same 
searching examination as any 
other developers. / 

Building societies ha ire an 
advantage in their reputation 
for dependability, whiejj is not 
necessarily shared by the pri- 
vate developer, and mis has 
caused builders to be some- 
what wary about the future. 
They fear, for example, that 
societies may be belter placed 
to establish land tanks and 
acquire sites from local 
authorities. / 

No building societies which 
intend to use tbemew powers 
have given any indication that 
they will be btying building 

it might be in our interests to 
buy a building company, but I 
do not see the benefits now.” 

He said the society would 1 
continue to work with firms ! 
with which it was already 

Several of the largest build- 
ing societies are now ready to 
play an increasingly important 
part in providing much 
needed housing, but there is 
an obstacle. 

The newly established 
Building Societies 

Commission's first guidelines 
on capital adequacy were 
drawn so tightly that they 
jeopardized the societies’ abil- 
ity to enter the field. 

As a result of heavy lobby- 
ing by building societies, the 
guidelines are being redrafted, 
making important con- 
cessions. So the building soci- 
eties may yet, when they know 
the final guidelines, due to be 
published in February, be- 
come building developers. 

Tomorrow; what the 
societies plan to do. 

New telescopes to 
prdbe deep space 

Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

K lizabeth the Queen 
has intervened 
over the future of 
n-the-Castle, one of 
egency churches in 
is Warden of the I 
rts, she has written 
council asking that 
e retained. 

The church, which forms 
the tentrepiece of Pelham 
Cresctnt a terrace of houses 
on thfc Hastings seafront, was 
designed by Joseph Kay and 
builljbetween 1824 and 1828. 
It seals 1,500. 

The church, built as a 
chapel, closed in 1970, and 
was used by the Pente- 
costa lists before being sold 
twice for use as a museum. 
Now, however, the fittings 
have been stripped out, the 
roof leaks, and dry rot is 

Last October Hastings Bor- 
ough Council abandoned 
plans to issue a compulsory 
purchase order to save the 
building when it received a 
report that repairs could cost 
£2.5 million. Instead, itierved 
a dangerous structures notice. 

Now an aiternative/reporU 
by Save Britain’s Benia w 
and endorsed by tie chid 
engineer of English fleritage 
says that essential repaifc 
could cost as little as£250,0Cp. 
The council hasi fommitEd 
itself to spendpg afwit 
£105,000 to repamthe chuifch, 
and East Sussex Cpunty Coun- 
cil is offering a farther 
£50,000. ; 

Save Britain’s Heritage 
wants 10 see tie church -con- 
verted into ja conference 
centre, conceit hall or ex- 
hibition spaceiand claims that 
English Heritage and the Sus- 
sex Heritage Trust would be 
willing to support such a plan. 
It is calling on the local 
council to like the necessary 
steps to preserve the church as 
its first new year resolution. 

By Our Transport 

After sitting for more than 
200 days, the longest public 
inquiry ever held in Britain 
into a road-building proposal 
has been completed. 

The inquiry, into the east 
London river crossing, pro- 
duced 9.5 million words of 
evidence on 21,000 pages of 

The scheme, which has been 
vigorously opposed, is to build 
a bridge and associated roads 
across the river Thames neari 
Plumsiead in London, whicW 
would link the North Circulas 
Road to the A2 south of thfl 
river. ... I 

In response to criocisinj 
the Department of Transpol 
in August proposed that 
road through Plumsiead a 
ould be placed in a turn? 
ralher than being carried op 
viaduct as originally intend!. 

Major roadworks a*I 
Monday, January 5: I 

Most roadworks were eipr 
completed or suspendedpr 

A new generation of tele- 
scopes that f'ould greatly in- 
crease tie range of 
observatories is proposed for 
research b/ British astrono- 


also mere 
could ana 
of stare. 

One c 

istnunents would 
substantially the 

h which scientists 
; the composition 

One ol the instruments 
designed Iby Dr Roderick 
Willstrot of Cambridge 
Universi jr, is described as a 
unique ad outstanding pro- 
posal in international 

The nescope, which would 
cost ahut £20 nuUlion, is one 
of a fries of revolutionary 
technjal ideas recommended 
by tf Royal Astronomical 
Sod® for research between 
199Quid the year 2000. 

1 je proposals are contained 
in / report from a working 
grdtp of leading astronomers, 
chared by Sir Francis Gra- 
fam Smith, Astronomer 
ftyal and professor of radio 
itronomy at Manchester 
university’s Jodrell Bank 
observatory. The astronomers 
found that future research into 
fthe evolution and com- 
position Of the universe could 
be divided into five branches: 
cosmology, quasars and gal- 
axies, stars, interstellar me- 
dium and the solar system. 

The excitement over Dr 
Wiflslrop’s telescope is due to 
its potential for observations 
in almost every one of the 

The instrument, referred to 
as a wide-fie/d optical tele- 
scope, would allow spectros- 
copy— the analysis of fight 
which leads to identification 
of the composite atoms and 
molecules — of thousands of 
objects simultaneously. 

This is possible because of a 
much larger minor than hith- 
erto possible for collecting 
light The hugest of the three 
minors of the wido-field tele- 
scope has a diameter of 52 
metres, compared with 12 
metres for the conventional 
and widely-used Schmidt 

The Willstrop design is not 
the largest instrument recom- 
mended in the report For 
examining the most distant 
quasars an rf galaxies, the 
astronomers propose a tele- 
scope with a diameter of 
between eight and 15 metres. 

Research which involves 
two versions is proposed, with 
a UK project that would cost 
£50 million and an American 
one costing £150 million. 

The Scientific Priorities for UK 
Astronomical Research for the 
Period 1990-2000 (Royal 
Astronomical Society, Burling- 
ton House. London. WI). 

January night sky, page 14 

Road threat to offices 

By a Staff Reporter 

The Wdsh Office is propos- 
ing to rode a by-pass through 
a newly-biilt £100,000 tourist 
inforraatbn centre. 

If the dan goes ahead,the 
building 1 officially opened in 
May - wjl be demolished and 
the Goprnment will have to 
compepte the local council 
which milt it. 

The/ Welsh Office con- 
firmed that the by-pass, for 
Welsjpool North Wales, was 
to ruf through the informa- 
tion entre. 

The centre was built l 
Montgomeryshire Distri< 
Council and Powys Couni 
Councfi, at a cost of £104,00 
A spokesman for Powys sai 
that the councils expects 
compensation from the Weis 
Office if the centre ws 

Work on the £10 miHio 
scheme is expected to start i 
1988, and the Welsh Offic 
pointed out that the rout 
could have been altered h 

>ad inquiry ends 

E Christmas and new year 

London and 

75 Hampshire: Between 

M27 intersection and Rad - 
more roundabout, Portsm- 
outh. Construction of new 


No major roadworks likely to 
cause delays. 


Ml South Yorkshire: Repair 
work between junctions 31 
and 33 (A57 Worksop and 
A630 Rotherham). Various 
slip road closures at junctions 

31 and 32 (M18 interchange) 
until end of January. 

M6 Lancashire: Roadworks at 
junction 23 (Merseyside). Also 
contraflow between junctions 
29 and 32 (A6 Preston and 
M55 interchange) until Janu- 

M61 Bbcow Bridge, Lan- 
cashire Construction work at 
M6 interchange. Lane closures 
both directions. 

Wales and the West 

No major roadworks likely to 
cause delays. 


M8 Glasgow; Construction 
work between junctions IS 
and 17 (city centre and Dum- 
barton) until March 1987. 

A 82 Dunbartonshire: Major 
roadworks south of ArtiluL 
Delays likely. Continues into 

M74 Lesroahagow: Road- 
works north ofLesmahagow 
between junctions 2 and 1. 
Information compiled and sup- 
plied by AA Roadwatch. 

Other roadworks, page 16. 

I' w ,• 4 • **** > * **. 

fomJanueuy /, The Building Societies Act 1986 wilt j 
/wore societies to offer consumer credit and insurance < 
Ind undertake housing development with estate 
mfney work. In the first of two articles, Christopher 
SYarman, Property Correspondent, outlines their 
changing role 

not work out well, they wifi be firms to make their activities 
acceptable. self-contained. 

This fear of unfair com- Mr Couttie said: “We are 
petition is rejected by the not going to build houses 
societies. Mr David Couttie, ourselves. There is a concern, i 
bousing development control- not a suspicion, among 
ler of the Halifax, says: “If we builders that we are trying to , 
cannot do it profitably, we will take over their market, 
not do it." “Wc see our role 

Denys Corbett- Wilson’s aircraft in a field soon after completing the first crossing from Britain to Ireland. 

Pilots’ sea flight 
to be celebrated 

Denys Corbett- Wilson (left) and D L Alien. 

A tragedy and a triumph of 
aviation win be commemo- 
rated in Wales and I reland 
next spring with plaques for 
two pilots who competed to 
make the first flight between 
the two countries 75 years ago. 

One succeeded; the other 
was never seen again. Reports 
at the time were sparse be- 
cause the pah* set off from 
Hendon, north London, on 
April 17, 1912, only two days 
after the loss of the Titanic. 

Now two district councils. 
Presell in Pembrokeshire and 
Enniscorthy, Co Wexford, 
have derided independently iff 
one another to mark die day 
Denys Corbett-Wilson and 
Darner Leslie Allen set off 
from Wafas to attempt the 

Each took a different rente; 
but while Corbett-Wilson 
landed his single-engine Bie- 

riot an hour and 40 minutes 
later at Cave, near 
Enniscorthy, Co Wexford, Al- 
len, flying the Chester-Dnhtm 
rente, also in a Bleriot, went 

The Times reported on May 
6: “An inflated motor-cycle 
tube has been washed np on 
the Irish coast at Laytown, 
near Drogheda, and it is 
thought this may be the one 
taken by Mr D L Allen, who 
left Holyhead for Dublin on 
his aeroplane on April 18 and 
has not been heard of since." 

A longer account appeared a 
month later, saying that Allen 
had arrived at Chester at 
6.45pm on April 17. The last 
sighting of him was next 
morning at 7.45am, as be 
resumed his flight to 

Corbett-Wilson was killed 
in the First World War. 

home may 
be turned 
into fla 

By Kenneth Gosling 

Property developers are 
likely to turn the former 
Bronte parsonage at Thorn- 
ton, near Bradford, West 
Yorkshire, into flats or small 

After the derision of the 
Bronte Society and Bradford 
j Council not to buy the prop- 
erty, where Charlotte. Bran- 
well Emily and Anne were 
boro, it looks unlikely that it 
will ever become a museum. 
The asking price is close to 
£ 100 , 000 . 

Mr and Mis Stanley Neild, 
the owners, and Mr Simon 
Thornton, the agent, had 
hoped the building where the 
Brontes lived between 1815 
and 1 820, would be developed 
to bring out its historical 
importance. The parsonage, 
built in 1802, was originally 
three cottages and two shops. 

Mr Thornton said it was “a 
little bit disappointing” that 
the parsonage would no! be 
preserved although part of it - 
the front wall and garden - 
was listed. The only serious 
interest he was aware of was 
by developers, although he 
knew of Bronte enthusiasts in 
East Anglia and London who 
had told him they would look 
at the situation. 

Mr Robert Hopper, Brad- 
ford council's arts and muse- 
ums officer, said the authority 
had looked at the building and 
decided it could not justify 
buying it either on its own or 
as part of a museum 

But he hoped its unique 
place as the Bronte birthplace 
could somehow be preserved 
and developed. 

The parsonage was placed 
on the market last month by 
Mr and Mrs Neild who have 
lived there for 46 years. 

The Bronte family moved 
to Haworth after five years at 
the parsonage. 

Making industry more attractive is all a question of pull. 

Industry Year 198b began against decades of negative industrial 
attitudes. vk 

“Britain is a curious paradox of an industrialised country with an of 
anti-industrial culture)' summed up Alistair Burt, MB in a parliamentary 
debate on 26th November to 

Yet he also had some cheering news about the success of Industry 
Year in his region, the north-west. tin 

With the major thrust of Industry Year to strengthen links between an 

industry and education, 270 secondary - schools (50 per cent of the - ov 
north-west total) are now linked with local companies. It is double the 
figure For 1985. a 

All overthe UK similar effort has been made, with companies 
galvanised into action to change attitudes. Among them, Esso. 


We've made and distributed, for instance, technology films and 
videos for schools - and issued 7,000 secondary schools with a series 
of wall charts for the DTI-backed Physics Plus project. 

We continually visit schools ourselves, encouraging return visits 
to our plants and terminals. 

We have also helped teachers to gain industrial experience 
through the LInderstanding British Industry Secondment Programme - 
and we are in the forefront of sixth-form Work Shadowing, with 
over 50 Esso executives participating. 

British companies have combined in INDUSTRY 

a remarkable national campaign this year. •* 

We hope it is the start of making British f\f\(XXX32dK5 
industry magnetic once again. — ■ ~ 

Qualify at work for Britain. 

Iacocca not interested 
in being President 

He said he would stay at Chrysler through late 1989. 

Four shot 


Peshawar (Renter) — A 
local political leader was 
shot dead m his car with 
two of his sons and a 
brother near here in the 
latest outbreak of a 10- 
year-old family feud, police 
said yesterday. 

Hap Mir Aftab K han , 
aged 76, was president of 
the ruling Pakistan Mus- 
lim League (PML) for 
Peshawar district and an 
associate of Mr Muham- 
mad Khan Junejo, the 
Prime Minister. 

Appeal to 

Harare - Despite die 
shortage of doctors in Zim- 
babwe, the anthorities plan 
to damp down on the 
practices established by 
immigrant expatriates 
(Michael Hartnack 

The principal immigra- 
tion officer In Zimbabwe’s 
Western Matabeleland 
province, Mr Josephat 
Kahwa, has appealed to the 
police to prosecute doctors 
who open private surgeries 
without permission. 

Amnesty nearly over 

Warsaw (Renter) — Poland's Communist authorities have 
been increasing pressure on leading opposition supporters to 
moderate their activities during the final days of an amnesty 
offer to political opponents, diplomats said yesterday. 

The six-month amnesty, under which all of the country’s 
political prisoners have been released and more than 500 
people surrendered to police before being freed, expires at 
midnight on December 31. 

Western sources said the measure had achieved only 
partial success and that die anthorities had Ceiled in their 
hope of securing tiie dissolution of the banned Solidarity free 
trade union ’s un derground Provisional Co-ordinating 
ComnussioB (TKK). 

With the underground still at work and operating a 

printing network that distributes illegal newspapers and 
literature nationwide, the sources said the authorities were 
already setting up their post-amnesty strategy Car dealing 
with the opposition. 

in Chad 

Open to 

N’Djamena (Reuter) - 
Troops loyal to the former 
Chadian rebel leader and 
Libyan ally Gonkonni 
Oneddei, yesterday fought 
Libyan soldiers in the tiny 
towns of Chad's Tibesti 
mountains, official sources 
said. The **01051 decisive 
fighting” was taking place 

Chad has appealed for 
Western military aid to 
help it repulse what it says 
is a major attack on the 
Tibetsi area by Libya. 

Dhaka — The Bangla- 
deshi Government has par- 
daily lifted the ban on 
foreigners visiting the trou- 
bled Chittagong Hill tracts 

las have been fighting a 
separatist war since 1976 
(Ahmed Fid writes). 

An official announce- 
ment yesterday said that 
foreign passport holders 
could visit the biff resort 
town of Rangamati, but 
would not be allowed to 
stay more than three days. 

Plea to help free spy 

Tel Aviv (Renter) — The wife of the US Navy intelligence 
analyst, Jonathan Jay PoOard, who was convicted of spying 
for Israel, has urged the Israelis to help free her husband. 

Mrs Anne Hendereoa-Pollard told the Jerasakm Post in 
an Interview published yesterday: “I would beg the Israeli 
leadership — for aD that my husband has done for the sec- 
mity of Israel— to grant citizenship to my husband and to let 
him ret ur n to his homeland so tint he can become a 
productive citizen.” 

Pollard ism prison awaiting sentence after pleading guilty 
in Jane to espionage charges. He was arrested in 1985 out- 
side tike Israeli Embassy m Washington and a dmi tted 
passing secret US documents to an Israeli spy ring. 

Iceland shipping disasters 

Survivors owe lives 

to Nimrod crew 

Reykjavik (AP) — Survivors 
from the Icelandic freighter 
Suduiiand, which sank on 
Christmas Day, said yesterday 
that they owed their lives to a 
British reconnaissance plane 
which dropped a new lifeboat 
as they huddled near death in 
a leaking dinghy. 

Meanwhile, an inquiry was 
due to start at the Icelandic 
port of EsktQordur into 
whether human error or faulty 
equipment caused a second 
disaster when a British tanker, 
the Syneta, ran on to a rock 
marked by a lighthouse, kill- 
ing the crew of 12. 

Searches resumed at first 
light for the bodies of three 
crewmen from the 1,260-ton 
Syneta who were still 
unacccounted for and pre- 
sumed dead. The tanker, with 
six British officers mid six 
African deckhands from the 
Cape Verde Islands aboard, 
crashed into the 531ft Skrudur 
rock off the east coast early on 

The five survivors from the 
1 1-member Icelandic crew of 
the 3,500-ton Suderiand ar- 
rived in Reykjavik late on 
Saturday via the Faroe Is- 
lands, where they were taken 
by a Danish patrol ship, 
foeVaedderen. A helicopter 
from the Danish ship plucked 
the survivors and three bodies 
from the lifeboat. 

An RAF Nimrod recon- 
naissance plane, based at 
Kinloss, Scotland, dropped a 
survival kit, including the new 
lifeboat, some 10 hours after 
the Sudurland sank on Thurs- 
day in rough seas 290 miles 
east of Iceland. 

ASuderiand pilot, Mr Jon 
Snaebjomsson, described how 
three of the eight crewmen 
who scrambled on board the 
ship's tom and leaking life- 
boat died as, exhausted, they 
could no longer hold them- 
selves upright in the freezing, 
waist-deep water. 

'The Nimrod crews saved 
our lives,” said Mr 
Snaebjomsson. Tt took us 
about an hour to paddle to the 
new dry boat. 

“Only a short time earlier 
two ... sat down in the boat 
and died," he added. “We had 
to stand all the time and grab 
our hands in the roof if we 
were to survive. Three of us 
who sat down never stood up 

He said the survivors were 
earlier given hope when, after 
four-and-a-half hours in the 

i : Icelandic } 


lea king dinghy, a Nimrod and 
an American PCS Orion pa- 
trol plane from a US base at 
Keflavik, Iceland, flew over 
and dropped flares and locat- 
ing beacons. 

The Suduriand’s lifeboat 
had a hole ripped in it when it 
crashed against the sinking 
ship as the crew battled to 
launch it All the emergency 
food and equipment apart 
from one distress rocket van- 
ished through the hole. 

Three crewmen, including 
the captain, disappeared with 
the ship in heavy seas. 

Captain Preben Andersen of 
the Vaedderen said he 
doubted if the survivors could 
have lasted much longer with- 
out the new lifeboat 
“Perhaps only a half hour or 
an hour, certainly no more,” 
he said. . - And two of the 
survivors had only a few 
minutes left when we picked 
them up." 


29 1986 

c f! 

The only way out of the Gare du Nord 

Detroit (Rentier) — Mr Lee Iacocca, the chairman of 
Chrysler, said he does not want to be President of the United 
States because in a few years the American economy wfl] be 
in sncfa a crisis that he would not know what to do- 
The blunt-talking businessman said In an in ter vie w with 

leading news agencies last week that he plans to stay as chief 

executive uf Chrysler, the thinUacgest US car company, at 
least nnta he turns 65 years of age on October 15 1989. 

“If we have (an economic) downer coming up, what are the 
options?” he said. “I’d be damned if 1 know. That’s why 1 
don't want to be President 

“And I'm not being a doomsday guy, Fmjast saying we 
gotta pay the piper some time, don’t we?" 

It was Mr Iacocca's st ro ngest disavowal yet of a possible 
presidential bid. He has been mentioned frequently as a pos- 
sible candidate since leading Chrysler from near-bankruptcy 
to soaring profitability with a government loan a few years 

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A lone traveller waiting for a possible train in the deserted Gare dn Nord in Paris mid, right, passengers boarding a bus for Brussels outside the station. 

Hopes rise for 
Paris rail pact 

The lonely wait for a coach 

From Oar Correspondent, Paris 
A small toy of hope has The strikers are asking for 

appeared that the hardline 
positions of both strikers and 
manag ement in the French 
railway strike, now in its 11th 
day, may soften. 

Informal meetings between 
union*; and managem ent on 

working conditions and wage 
structures, among the mam 
reasons for the strike, are set 
to take place tomorrow. This 
will be the first contact be- 
tween unions and manage- 
ment since talks broke down a 
week ago. 

The management had de- 
i clared on Friday that there 
could be no talks before a 
return to work and this state- 
ment had helped to stiffen the 
resolve of many strikers to 
stay out The general senti- 
ment was that they had al- 
ready lost too much money in 
wages to agree to go back 
without any of their claims 
having been met 

If these preliminary meet- 
ings take place tomorrow, it 
will not be seen as a re- 
opening of negotiations, but 
rather as a first attempt to 
bring the two sides together in 
the hope of reopening negot- 

the withdrawal of a proposed 
new wages structure in which 
promotion would be based on 
merit, as well as on length of 
service. They would also like a 
review of general working 
conditions and salary 

Although the Minister for 
Equipment and Transport, M 
Pierre Mehaignerie, said over 
the weekend that it was still up 
to the railways’ management 
to end the strike, the fact that 
the Prime Minister, M Jac- 
ques Chirac, has cancelled his 
short holiday in the New Year 
shows bow concerned the 
Government is about the 

While the Government can- 
not be seen to back down on 
its fixed wages policy for fear 
of creating other areas of 
unrest in the public sector, 
there is a widespread feeling 
that the management's 
hardline stand has only served 
to prolong the strike. 

Meanwhile, a two- week-old 
strike of merchant seamen 
belonging to the CGT union 
continues. Several ports, 
including Marseilles and Bor- 
deaux, are affected. 

The huge metalwork struc- 
ture of Paris’s Gare dn Nord 
resembles a carcass. Almost 
aR activity inside the railway 
station has ceased and the 
more de se r ted areas have be- 
come a limbo world where 
solitary footsteps attract the 
attention of the down-and-outs 
and weirdos who seem to have 
moved in in force. 

in the »"■»» hall, 
groups of people wander dis- 
consolately around. The 
M&ro is still disgorging suit- 
case-carrying botidaymakos 
who hope to read their 
destinations somehow. 

While other Paris stations 
are managing to maintain 
some fonn of service, the Gare 
da Nord has been totally 
paralysed by the railway 
Strike since it started II days 

People find their way 
tirmngh to the station cOUFt- 
yard where coaches are Imed 
up. Destinations are scrawled 
on bits <rf paper stock to their 
windscreens and they leave 
when they have enough pas- 
sengers to make the trip 
w orthwh ile. 

There are not many takers. 
A few people sit on a coach 
marked Calais-Bonlogne and 
a few more mi one marked 
Lyons. There is a small bustle 
of activity around one marked 

From Susan MacDonald, Paris 

Men with the coaches’ 
destinations scrawled on 
pieces of cardboard, walk 
amend the main hall touting 
feT customers. 

It is the Gare dn Nord which 
serves as the main link be- 
tween the En glish Channel 
ports and Paris, bed it is not 
from there thaf the main 
Paris-London bus services 
have been set up. Nor are there 
any signs in the station in- 
dicating that these services 

The Paris-London coaches 
are N *»n g organized from the 
coach station at La Prate de la 
Vaiette on the northern perim- 
eter of the city. Here too, they 

organize the c pgyh ser- 

vices to the ski resorts in 

Yesterday morning two 
coaches left for London, with 
an seats »»!<«*, and two left 
late last night 

There is no definite coach 
link for British skims who 
leave London and hope to 
readt the resorts, although 
several winter sports travel 
agencies have been orgamzmg 
their own transport. 

About 25 par cent of trains 
are running in France on a 
**mndmmn-servke" basis ami 
about two-thirds of the normal 
number of high-speed TGV 
trains are running to tte main 
centres in The Alps, like 
Chambery and Grenoble. 

Passengers should arrive at 
their destinations, but tire 
length of time it wiD take is 

In several parts of France 
strikers hare bees sitting no 
the railway lines to try to 
prevent trains leaving the 
station. This causes delays of 
another hflUT Of tWO as pdice 

remove then. 

The high-speed TGV train 
from Grendrie on Saturday 
was accompanied by police, 
running alongside, as it pulled 
out from the station. 

At Perpigun (Pyrenees- 
Orientales) aqpy passengers, 
who had been branded for two 
days, themselves blocked the 
fine when railway staff tried to 
arrange the dqnxtnre of a 
Spanish goods tain, carrying 

Passengers let the line only 
when it was agreed that a 

British holidaymakers ar- passenger coaa would be 
riving at French ports on the attached to tike train. This 

C hannel will find coaches then caused striring railway 
waiting to take them to Paris workers to sit mi 'he line and 

and once there they can try to only after police ntervention 
find themselves other a train did both passengrs and or- 

or a coach. 

anges set out 

Fresh twist 
in Iran 
arms saga 

Threat posed by Soviet special forces 

Britain seen as a vulnerable target 

By Ow Diplomatic 

A report that artns-for-bos- 
tages talks began nearly a year 
earlier than Washington has 
admitted may cause some 
embarrassment in Anglo- 
American relations today. 

A fonfier US intelligence 
agent Mr William Herrmann, 
claimed that he discussed a 
deal with an Iranian repre- 
sentative as early as October, 
1984. after being briefed that it 
had been “countenanced at 
the highest level within the 
Central Intelligence Agency”. 

The Reagan Administration 
has sa i d that talfo On arm!; 
sales began in August. 1985, in 
an attempt to build bridges 
with moderates in the Iranian 

Mr Herrmann's credibility 
is likely to be limited by the 
feet that he is serving an eight- 
year sentence for his part in a 
counterfeiting operation in 
Britain. His defence was that 
he became involved as an 
infiltrator on behalf of the 
Federal Bureau of Investiga- 
tion. He was interviewed in 
Wandsworth prison, accord- 
ing to The Sunday Telegraph. 

The newspaper said he now 
wished to return to Wash- 
ington to testify to the Senate 
committee investigating all- 
egations that money from 
arms sales to Iran was di- 
verted to support Contra 
rebels in Nicaragua. 

His lawyers had applied for 
him to be repatriated to an 
American prison, but essential 
documents had been held up 
by the Home Office: At the 
same time the Home Office 
was planning to move him to 
Parkhurst high-security pri- 

As to Mr Herrmann's 
application to be repatriated, 
an official spokesman said 
yesterday that officials dealing 
with the matter could not be 

Iranian dissident sources in 
London said that Mr Herr- 
mann's allegation on the 
October, 1984, talks was 
consistent with information 
they had received that nego- 
tiations began far earlier than 
had been suggested. However, 
there was no confirmation of 
the newspaper's specific claim 

Soviet special forces operat- 
ing in Britain at a time of high 
tension could undermine the 
country’s will to fight, jeop- 
ardize its Nato role and cause 
a breakdown of law and order, 
according to a study published 

The threat posed by the 
“Troops of- Special 
Designation,” or Spetsnaz, is 
analysed in a paper issued by 
the Institute for European 
Defence and Strategic Studies. 

Highly-trained units, which 
fonn part of GRU, the Soviet 

By Andrew McEwen, Diplomatic Correspondent 
The author. Colonel Mi- Spetsnaz targets. 

chael Hickey, argues that un- 
like the risk of nuclear war. the 
threat at the lower end of the 
military scale is growing. He 
believes that Britain is a more 
vulnerable and tempting tar- 
get than any other Nato 
country, its vulnerability 
stemming from a failure to 
take precautions and its key 
role in European defence: 

He implicitly criticizes the 
Government's failure to set up 

Government s failure to set up 
a nationwide volunteer de- 
fence force. Such a force was 

military intelligence, would be proposed by a committee 
landed in Britain to sabotage headed by Admiral of the 

key installations and assas- 
sinate public figures. 

Fleet Lord HiD-Norton in 
1983. It would protect likely 

Despite Britain's vuln- 
erability there was no official 
recognition of the danger until 
1 982, whe n there was a “coy 
reference” in that year’s de- 
fence White Paper, he says. 

The test of Britain's home 
defences carried out in 1985 
under the name “Brave 
Defender” was intended to 
assuage anxieties about the 
Spetsnaz threat But Colonel 
Hickey says that it exposed 
“disturbing weaknesses and 
shortcomings”, showing that 
many potential targets would 
not be guarded. 

With home defence re- 
sources, measured in trained 

manpower, actually blinking, 
Britain would be able to 
mobilize only 0.4 pe cent of 
the able-bodied pojulation, 
against 523 per ent in 

He traces two main ounces 
of resistance to home dfence. 
Some schemes would have 
involved more th an anegov- 
erament department, le tting 
to confusion, while Lord fifi. 
Norton’s {dan suffered fom 
comparisons with he 
anachronistic “Dad’s Arm” 
of the BBC comedy sens. 

The Spetsnaz Threat: Ca> 
Britain be Defended ?: by Colo 
nd Michael Hickey, £4.50. 

Tehran hoiour for sniride bomber 

Shia village boasts of 
its teenage martyr 

From Jam Carlos Gmnirio, Deh banoun 
cn- iahr, southern Lebanon/ 

(Carlos Granada, Deh 1 
frahr, soothers Lehanoi 

The people of his Shia 
Muslim village are rejoicing 
over a recent Iraniai decision 
to honour posthui ously a 
local teenager said to have 
killed at least 75 If aeti sol- 
diers 4% years ago. j 
Mr Jaafir Khalil Qassir, 
proud father of a ne^hero of 
Lebanon's Shias, wio are 
fighting against the ccupa- 
tion of therr land by tii^foradi 
Army, said: “Men and tomen 
from aD over the soutf have 
come to see us this wed” 

sives that crashed into the HQ 
of the Israeli irmy in Tyre on 
November J HJ 9452. 

The explosion flattened the 
eight-storey bidding, inflicted 
toSgcri 4ualty to U the 
Israelis had suffered in a single 
attack during tthe invasion, 
and set the patern for a new 
strategy of suicide bombings 

Fearful of Isrieli reprisals 
s^uisthis femilTaiKl village, 
Afopad Qassir hid made Efe 
nol ?ody 

Mr Qassir, a hefty capen- ^ oukl wholcarried out 
ter, and his quiet rife, ™ attack until thejlsraeiic h a( j 

Firemen fighting the Maze after an explosion in a Bavarian hotel killed seven people. 

Seven killed in Bavaria hotel blast 

From John England 

The death toll from an 
explosion and fire at a winter 
sports resort hotel in Bavaria 
on Saturday rose to seven 
yesterday when rescue work- 
ers recovered another tody 
from the wreckage. 

Twelve other people were 
injured, four of them seriously. 

that he met Mr Menuchar in the blast at the Hotel 
Ghoibanifer, an Iranian secret Rfessersee, in Garnrisch-Part- 

service officer, at the Chur- 
chill Hotel in London to 
discuss an arms-for-h ostages 

Mr Herrmann was also 
reported to have claimed that 
it was Mr Ghoibanifer who 
first broached the idea of using 
funds from the sale of weap- 
ons to Iras to fond the 

enkfrehea, near the Gennan- 
Aastrian border. One iff foe 
300 hotel guests was reported 
to be missing early yesterday. 

The explosion, believed to 
have been caused by a leak of 
liquid gas from a six-tonne 
storage tank near foe hotel’s 
gym nasi mu and indoor swim- 
ming pool, brought down a 
wing iff the Fi niliting- 

Atoat 300 firemen from 
Gannisdi and nearby towns 
lushed to the scene, hot initial 
attempts to rescae people toss- 
fed under slabs of concrete 
were hampered by a lack of 
cranes. The rest iff foe guests 
were moved to other hotels at 
the resort as firemen spent 
horns fighting the blaze and 
rescue teams searched for 
other victims. 

Officials today will open an 
investigation into foe tragedy, 
which is the first serious 
accident at a West German 
hotel since eight people died in 

a fire at a guesthouse in 
Bavaria in 1981. 

• Ski-lift accident Expats 
were still puzzling yesterday 
as to foe cause of the ski lift 
accident on Saturday in which 
36 people were injured when 

two ski lift cars crashed to the 
ground (Susan MacDonald 
wri* .‘from Paris). 

The acrid ent happened at 
foe Orres ski resort in the 
Hantes Alpes as one ascend- 
ing cable car passed another 
coming down soon after the 
start of the ski lift 

Both cars plnnged 12 metres 
onto cars in the parking rate 
after foe top of a lift pylon 
snapped off. The ascending 

Fawziya, live in a small huse 
that has become a rare abac- 
tion in southern Lebanon. Tie 
walls of their dark living rom 
of red sofas are naked exspt 
for a bronze plaque sentto 
them fey offinak of the Is- 
lamic Republic of Iran. Qe 
corner is engraved with le 
features of the banian pat- 
■areh, the Ayatollah Ruholih 
Khomeini; opposite is a smd 
black and white photograph f 
a boy. 

Ahmad Qassir had ju: 

tkJ 1 !? Arair withdrew 
tJ ** s from 
southern Lebanon ' last year 
htort was not until after the 
fPp e ® n £“' of a Poster show- 

tog a boyish face i.emereins 

the Israeh headquarters and 
proclaiming Ahmad Qassir a 
“artyTof Islam tffiT te 
identity was revealed. 

Moltoheito, r th^franian^n- 
tmor Mmrster, has paid trib- 

tumed 16 years old when fa uie to Lebanon's P o«, ■ b_ 
left his home one Octobe army of suicide bomt*£°T Dg 

mnrn no n 108? .min. OOlHDerS. A$ 3 

moromg m 1982, urging hii military band 
.mother to be courageous auc man anthem, he <^ca»L/?n 
promising to explain his elegant street^ in ifnJJk 
departure some day to his ax Tehran’s embassy row rnS 
Kmfhm and lhr» Kiftterc Hk mnmn n . , L * . _ *Q the 

car was carrying more tou JU sion 01 a year or rigorous parallel to KtiakH ieu. u «' 
standing passengers, indndr secret training in the ranks of Street. nam«S tsiamboh 
fog 10 children, while foe one the fl^Img HedwUah (Party 

craning down contented only ofGod)maplace which was Sadat of Eevnt Anwar 

one person. 16 people re- then under the control of the The inhabitants rw 
ruined seriously mjured m : Israeli Army. )anoiin en-Nahr 

hospital yesterday, deluding Onlyahandfid of men knew Ians to recip^te^faf 

several children. Many were that Ahmad Qassir was be- ian gesture ^ tivrErJS? Ira ‘ 
suffering from fractured limbs hind the wheel of foe white rme for the 
and severe cuts, Peugeot loaded with expio- lain street. ^ muddy 

V » ' - i > •* 

u* * 

By George Brock 

and Andrew McEwen 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretaij^-as ^ked 
yesterdav to establish whether 
South Africa plans to use a 
remote island territory for 
nudear testing. 

Mr Tain Dalyell. Labour 
MP for Linlithgow, posed the 
question after a report that 
South Africa plans to bwld a 
£4 million runway on Manon 
sland, 1.200 miles south of 
lapc Town. 

Officially used only as a 
rather station, the island is 
?d to have been visited by 
&ifo African and Israeli mili- 
Vci officers in the past two 
yes. A flash spotted in the 
an in 1979 by an American 
satijte was interpreted in 
son quarters as evidence ofa 
nuev test 

Tl island ties mid-way 
betw<n foe Cape and foe 
Antarfo. Mr Dalyell asked 
Sir Geffrey whether it was 
covere by foe Antarctic 
Treaty;o which Britain is a 
signato. He also called on 
foe Fonm Secretary’ to more 
a resofron at the United 
Nations tiling on South Af- 
rica not tfcecome involved in 
nuclear tejng on the island. 

Howevt South Africa 
could least one non- 
military nson for building 
foe runwaylt would make a 
well-placed ase for monitor- 
ing developments in the Ant- 
arctic as negations over the 
Treaty goveiing foe alloca- 
tion of terriftv pick up speed 
over the next rw years. 

The South African Gov- 
ernment refuse all comment 
on foe reporLA spokesman 
for Armscor, tb government 
weapons deverpment and 
procurement oiynization. re- 
fused to react to what be 
described as “spoliation”. A 
defence spokesran said he 
had no knowfege of foe 
reported plans. 

The Transport lepartment, 
which operates thesJand. also 
disclaimed any kmwledge. 

South Africa hs always 
refused to commenon persis- 
tent claims that it ‘as devel- 
oped nudear weapns. The 
most substantial ^legations 
were made by M David 
Fischer, a former assistant 
director-general of te Inter- 
national Atomic Energy 
Agency, who said tint South 
Africa could build too Hiro- 
shima-size nuclear veapons 
each year. 

He claimed that wia pons- 
grade uranium could ie pro- 
duced at the Vain da ba 
uranium-enrichment acility 
near Johannesburg and pluto- 
nium from the Koeberg power 
station near Ope Town 
The authorities have point- 
ed out that the country's three 
nuclear reactors are open to 
international inspection and 
denied any involvement with 
a nuclear weapons 

Earlier this year talks be- 
tween South Africa and the 
IAEA over inspection of 
Valindaba broke down. In the 
past South Africa has not 
responded to calls from the 
IAEA for full-scale agreements 
covering plant inspections. 

The country was expelled 
from the IAEA and is not a 
signatory to foe Non-Prolif- 
eration Treaty. 

Leading artide, page 13 

«... ■ ’.*» ' •: 
•j*: ’.i ’*’» * 

- U 


i: !>-. 

ton street. 

-ii ™»*16 a. 

vdlage’s muddy 




Israeli police 
clamp down 
after Yanunu’s 

From Ian Murray, Jerasalem 


Israeli police went to great 
lengths yesterday to make 
sure that Mr Mordechai 
Vanunu, The Sunday Times's 
informant on Israel's nuclear 
bomb-making capabilities, 
had no contact with the press 
when he appeared in the 
Jerusalem District Court to 
plead not guilty to charges of 
treason and aggravated 

When he appeared before 
the court a week before he 
managed to write a message 
on the palm of his band 
suggesting that Israeli agents 
kidnapped him in Rome to 
bring him to Israel Yesterday, 
the authorities made sure that 
he would not make another 
revelation in the same way. 

The van that brought him 
from his top security prison to 
Jerusalem had curtained win- 
dows so that be could not 
repeat his trick of pressing his 
palm against the glass for 

An even more effective 
precaution was the decision to 
convey him to the court at 
5am fora hearing which began 
at 8.30. so he arrived in semi- 
darkness before any photog- 
raphers were there. 

At the end of the secret 
hearing lasting an hour-and-a- 
half he was escorted out by a 
large group of police with a 
black bag over his head and a 
bright red umbrella held over 
him to make sure that if he 
made any hand signals they 
could not be seen. The van 
then sped away back to the 

His lawyer, Mr A/nnon 
Zichroni, made the plea for 
him in the court and he did 
not speak at all during the 
hearing, which was adjourned 
for six weds. 

The prosecution has in- 
dicated that it will not press 
for conviction for treason,' 

since no actual state of war 
exists with Israel. But convic- 
tion on the lesser charge still 
carries a mandatory life 

Mr Zichroni hm demanded 
that all his client's papers, 
books and Walkman tape- 
recorder be returned to hun 
and an application for them is 
to be made through the High 
Court if this is not done 
promptly. This might mean 
Mr Vanunu would have to 
make a further appearance 
before the court shortly. 

• Rome flight: Mr Vanunu 
used his own name when he 
booked a flight from London 
to Rome, despite warnings to 
avoid identifying himself The 
Sunday Times reported yes- 
terday (Andrew McEwen 

The paper said that be 
bought a British Airways re- 
turn ticket and booked the 
outward-bound journey on 
flight BA 504 on Tuesday, 
September 30. 

It was not known whether 
he travelled alone or accompa- 
nied, but before checking out 
of his London hotel he col- 
1 iected a telephone message left 
by a woman called Cindy 
which said:'*! am waiting 
where we arranged to meet.” 

It has been suggested that 
Cindy may have been an 
Israeli agent. 

Three hours before the 
plane's departure Mr Vanunu 
telephoned the Sunday Times 
Insight team, (0 which he had 
revealed details of Israel's 
nuclear bomb-making 

He said he - would make 
contact again the next day, but 
within two hours of clearing 
customs in Rome he was 
picked up by Mossad, the 
Israeli secret service, the paper 

Train falls on factory 

An excursion train that had just let off its 180 passengers yes- 
terday plunged 135ft off a bridge, killing six people, most of 
them in a factory below, (AP reports from Tottori, Japan). Six- 
and-a-half carriages of the eight-carriage train fell off the bridge 
(above) M like match boxes . . . one after another, starting with 
the last car”, a witness said. A National Railways official said a 
wind gust of up to 54 miles an hour was reported to have hit the 
train. Five of the dead and three of the injured were among 12 
people working in a crab processing plant below the bridge. 

Banks become competitive 

Countdown to Budapest 9 s ‘Big Bang 9 

The communist equivalent 
to the Big Bang begins soon 
after the New Year cham- 
pagne corks Stop popping. 

To Western observers, 
swamped by reports from the 
City and Wail Street about 
fortunes lost and won, 
Hungary's financial revolutiou 
may well seem small beer, 
bum of a big whimper than a 
Big Bang. Bat from the point 
of view of a communist econ- 
omy it is difficult to underesti- 
mate the importance of 
creating competitive commer- 
cial banks, the very engine of 

At the moment the Hungar- 
ian National Bank is the 
issuing hank — foe equivalent 
of the Bank of England — and 
is also responsible for handing 
out loans to factories and 

All enterprises pay foe same 
fixed interest and have so 
choke as to where to deposit 
their money. This is the 
standard communist practice: 
the bank is essentially part of 
the state machine. 

From foe New Year, five 
new commercial banks will be 
created and, though they will 
be given start-op capital, they 
will then have to generate their 
own income. That means 
hanks will be able to offer 
different rates of interest and 
will actually have to scramble 
to be attractive to customers. 

In theory at least, they can 
also become business partners 
with go-ahead companies 
(which since the early days of 
the Hungarian reforms have 

Banks fighting for customers, unprofitable factories to be 
dosed down, several hundreds of workers to be laid off in pur- 
suit of a more streamlined economy: the great capitalist beast 
is straining at the leash in Hungary as it prepares on January 
l to embark on an extraordinary set of new reforms. As Roger 
Boyes. East Europe Correspondent reports, there are both 
opportunities and pitfalls awaiting the Hungarians. 

had a considerable degree of 
autonomy from the central 

The Hungarian National 
Bank will remain the central 
and reserve bank, keeping a 
monopoly on foreign exchange 
and the issue of foe currency, 
the forint. 

Some form of stock owner- 
ship will link the five new 
commercial banks with foe 
national bank-The idea is to 
raise more capital. 

Profitable companies are 

6 Banks will be able 
to offer different rates 
of interest and will 
actually have to 
scramble to be 
attractive to 
customers # 

not nsing their earnings to 
good effect in Hungary, but 
under foe new system they will 
be able to switch bankers 
(after a six-month grace pe- 
riod) to take advantage of 
better interest. 

Also foreign banks will find 
it pggfer to lend to Hungary. 
That is good news for the state 
budget which will not be 




burdened by debt repayments 
on new lending — the commer- 
cial banks are going to have to 
repay whatever they borrow. 

Western bankers are al- 
ready preparing for foe Bnda- 
pest Big Bang — Citibank has 
a well-established branch and 
others have been trusting 
through foe bureaucratic 
undergrowth— aid Hungarian 
experts believe that foe new 
freedom for banks will en- 
courage joint ventures which 
always have notoriously com- 
plex banking arrangements. 

But one of the main effects 
of the banking reform will be 
to give some bite to Hungary's 
bankruptcy legislation. 

Last year some 260 com- 
panies were malting a loss or 
were short of foods and 15243 
billion forints (£23 billion) 
were spent on assisting them. 

Many of these companies 
should have gone to foe wall. 
Instead the national bank, at 
the behest of the relevant 
ministries, bailed oat almost 
all of them. 

Will commercial banks, 
which swim or sink on the 
question of profitability; be so 
generous? Most experts think 

Hand in hand with the bank 
reform there is also a complete 
change in altitude to debt, 
profitability and res- 

Factory managers are them- 
selves responsible for keeping 
their enterprises alive — not 
the supervisory- ministries. 
Similarly it is banks who are 
responsible for making sure 
that there is good housekeep- 
ing in industry. 

The developments on the 
bowl market — the first in the 
communist world — follow this 

It is for banks and their 
clients to find capital 

Last year the value of bonds 
issued on foe official market 
was about 400 billion forint 
(£270 bfltion). Thus the Buda- 
pest telephone system, to fi- 
nance modernization, issued 
interest-bearing bonds which 
were picked up with the alac- 
rity of British Gas shares, Sid 
or no Sid. 

From the New Year the 
State Development Institute, 
which shelters this budding 
stock market, will be issuing 
bonds to cover foe state's 
budgetary deficit. That makes 
more sense than printing more 
money, the traditional Soviet 
bloc method of covering 

Tomorrow: How the 
reforms bite. 

Husain and Mubarak 
in pre-summit talks 

Amman (Reuter) — King 
Husain of Jordan and Presi- 
dent Mubarak of Egypt met 
yesterday for the second time 
in five weeks in what dip- 
lomats said was an attempt to 
form a common stand for next 
month's Islamic conference m 

Both leaders are expected to 
attend foe January 26 s umm it 
of foe 46-member Islamic 
Conference Organization 
(ICO), when the Iraq- Iran war, 
fighting in Lebanon and foe 
Middle East peace issue are 
likely to be leading topics of 

Mr Diab Wahbi, foe Egyp- 
tian Ambassador, said that 
King Husain and President 
Mubarak held a working 
lunch at the. King’s seaside 
palace in foe Jordanian Red 
Sea port of Aqaba, but gave no 
details. . . , 

President Mubarak arri ved 
earlier on an overnight visit to 
Jordan with his wife Suzanne, 
Mr Ahmed Esmal Abdei- 
Maguid, his Foreign Munster, 


and Mr Osama Baz, a top 
political adviser. 

King Husain, attempting to 
forge a unified Arab policy for 
foe Islamic summit, visited 
Saudi Arabia and Kuwait last 
week, while Mr Taber al- 
Masri, the Jordanian Foreign 
Minister, also went to Cairo. 

The King has also cam- 
paigned for an Arab summit, 
but Mr Masri said in Cairo it 
would be difficult to convene 
such a meeting “under present 
circumstances”. Egypt and 
Jordan back Iraq in its war 
against non-Arab Iran and 
have closely co-ordinated pol- 
ice on Middle East peace 

But President Mubarak has 
so far gained little in his 
attempts to reconcile King 
Husain and Mr Yasser Arafat, 
the Palestine Liberation 
Organization (PLO) Chair- 
man, who parted company 
last February in disagreement 
on how to approach the peace 

_ , j - S..II Rolcv watchd.. For the address of wiur iwarvsi Role* jewllrr. and lor further information on the complete range of Role* watcher 

n \ a m. ■* group The Rolex Watch Company Limited, l Green Street. London VV| Y -* JY or telephone 01-629 5071 . 

The last' 
great aviation 

When Dick Rutan and Jeana 
"Yeager touched down in the Voyager 
on 23rd December they had achieved 
what generations of aviators have only 
dreamed of. They had flown around the 
world non-stop without refuelling. 

The Voyager, described as "a flying 
fuel tank,* had to fly at least 36,786 km to 
establish the official record. A flight of 
that distance without refuelling meant 
that the weight of every item aboard had 
to be minutely considered. Every gram 
counted. But so did reliable time- 
keeping. Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager 
made certain that they 
allowed for the extra 190 
gm contributed by their ROLEX 
Rolex Chronometers. of Geneva 




Jerusalem editor 
gives up battle 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

Mr Akram Haniyeh, editor 
of foe East Jerusalem news- 
paper A-Shaab. was deported 
from Israel yesterday after 
giving up his legal battle 
against an expulsion order 
issued by the military 
authority in the occupied 

Mr Haniyeh, whose case 
won support from many Is- 
raeli journalists as well as 
Arab ones, abandoned his 
appeal to the High Court 
because foe bulk of prosecu- 
tion evidence, alleging that be 
was an activist for foe out- 
lawed PLO was kept a secret 
so that be was unable to do 
anything to refute it 

in a statement issued before 
be was deported be said: “lam 
foe victim of political revenge 
for my struggle as a political 
person, as a journalist and as a 
writer, to achieve foe legiti- 
mate right of my people. 

“Those who consider that 

the policy of deportation will 
undermine the just struggle of 
our people for independence 
and peace are mistaken. My 
deportation . . . will noi 
change our just and legitimate 
rights including the vested 
right to remain in our land.” 

Mr Haniyeh's lawyere both 
tried to persuade him to 
continue foe case, which they 
regarded as raising important 
questions of precedent 

Like other East Jerusalem 
editors, Mr Haniyeh has never 
disguised his support for the 

• Moratorium sought The 
Mayor of Bethlehem, Mr Bias 
Freij, called over the weekend 
for a year’s moratorium “by 
land, by sea, by air, by knives, 
guns and pistols, ‘ by 
everything” to create a better 
understanding between Israe- 
lis and Palestinians “who are 
destined to live together'’ (Ian 
Murray writes). 



A wide-ranging conversation with Russia’s leading dissident 

Sakharov casts doubt on feasibility of SDI 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Since being freed from exile 
last week, Dr Andrei Sakharov 
has faced a punishing series of 
demands bom the Western 
media. In an attempt to 
reduce the pressure on his 
indifferent health, he chose at 
the weekend to hold a 90- 
minute conversation with a 
selected group of reporters 
specially invited to his Mos- 
cow flat 

The following are extracts 
from the interview, the longest 
and most wide-ranging since 
his release from the closed city 
of Gorky after his banishment 
order had been lifted on 
instructions from Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader. 
Do you consider yourself a 
dissident in this country? 

The word dissident today is 
used in different senses with- 
out being exactly defined. If 
you mean by this an indepen- 
dent, honest position, then I 
would like to consider myself 
a dissident. 

What do you think about the 
idea of holding a human rights 
conference in Moscow? 

1 am less concerned about 
the conference than about 
whether there will be — either 
in connection with the con- 
ference, or independently — a 
perceptible shift on the issue 
of human rights. To me this is 
important Concerning the 
idea of holding a conference, I 
do not have an opinion on 
this. I do not know what it will 
mean. If the conference will be 
an impetus to these changes, 
that would be important But 
even without a conference, 
there already exist enough 
grounds for taking important 
steps in the human rights area. 
Yob said the fate of Mr 
Gorbachov's reforms depends 
on the fate of prisoners. Can 
you explain? 

If people who suffered for 
iheir aspirations to get more 
glasnost (openness) will re- 
main in prison, then 
contradictions and lies emerge 
and nothing serious will be 
built Besides this, no nec- 
essary trust in the policy of 
Gorbachov and the new 
leadership will be established, 
when there is a gap between 
words and deeds. Nothing 
good comes out of this. 

Is there any danger that the 
Government will simply use 
jut return to say to the world, 

, Sakharov is free — when 
in fact there is no radical 

improvement of the situation 
with human rights here? 

I consider it possible, that 
somebody, some forces, 
would like to turn the whole 
thing exactly that way, as you 
say, to reduce all this to a sort 
of little propaganda perfor- 

Efforts of people in the West 
and the Soviet Union are 
necessary — co-ordinated, 
persistent efforts, so that this 
will not happen, so that this 
will not end in just words, in 
window-dressing, as we say 
here - so that further move- 
ment towards a better human 
rights situation can take place, 
not only in respect of those 
who are well known, but for all 

How do yon see your role now? 
How does it differ from before 

In the sense of common 

6 I think a great 
change for the better 
is taking place in the 
area of glasnost 9 

goals, I see it being the same as 
before. However, my physical 
capabilities are limited, be- 
cause of the condition of my 
health and the condition of 
Yelena (his wife) . . . have de- 
creased. Along with that I 
want to devote myself more to 
science. My years are passing, 
and this is very important for 
me. So I have to limit myself 

I see as my primary duty to 
facilitate the liberation of 
prisoners of conscience, and in 
a general sense, simply those 
whom I know, my friends. 
Also people about whom 1 
learn from my friends. In this 
area is where I see my moral 
duty, which is a must for me. 
This is an area where I cannot 
spare my efforts. In other 
areas 1 will speak out, depend- 
ing on the situation, if it is so 
important that I cannot be 

Do you think Mr Gorbachov 
has moved in the correct 
direction and do you think this, 
is just the kind of policy yon 
could support? 

I cannot give a general 
assessment of Gorbachov’s 
policies. .Bui I think a great 
change for the better is taking 
place in the area of glasnost. 
You can read a lot of things in 

the newspapers about which 
people only whispered before 
and those who spoke about 
such things out loud risked 
their freedom, A further deep- 
ening of this process is nec- 
essary.' Especially important is 
that the words be followed by 
an actual improvement of the 
situation. To date, the situa- 
tion is not cut and dried. 

Are you satisfied with 

I would not say that I axe 
satisfied. 1 said I am very glad 
that we have these changes, 
but 1 think they should go 
deeper. You are correct in 
saying that by Western stan- 
dards, it is not openness so far. 
It is just a beginning. 

As a Soviet citizen, what sort 
of tilings would you like to 
read about in (he papers? 

1 would like the papers to 
give a full picture of all the 
negative and positive things 
and also to give some behind- 
ihe-curtain information which 
is fully hidden now from our 
eyes so that people could 
know what is going on in their 
country — how decisions are 
made on internal and foreign 
policy issues so the true 
mechanics of all this are 
visible. It is a long way ahead 
before this ideal becomes true. 
Fd like to hope that there is 
movement in this direction. 
You were met by few Soviet 
citizens at the railway station. 
Does that mean that the 
number of your supporters and 
supporters of the dissident 
movement has decreased? 

I would not want to count 
my friends. Moreover, I am 
not the commander of an 
army and would not want to 
count the soldiers of my army. 
Dissent, as I have already said, 
is a moral phenomenon and 
the number here is not a 
decisive factor. It is out of the 
question. The ranks of Mos- 
cow dissidents have thinned. I 
have already quoted Pushkin: 
“Some are gone and some are 
away.* 1 * * * * & * * 9 But if you visited my 
wife's kitchen in the evening 
you would not have an im- 
pression that the number of 
dissidents has decreased. 
Those who are physically able 
to, come and visit us. 

Do yon have a desire to 
emigrate from the Soviet 

Several years ago I agreed in 
principle to emigrate, to leave 
the Soviet Union, having 
accepted an invitation from 

Dr Sakharov and his wife in their Moscow home: “If yon visited my wife's kitchen in the 
evening you would not have an impression that the number of dissidents was decreasing" 

the Norwegian Parliament, improvement in the world quickly as posable all Soviet 

I think it 

That was my principled ac- 
tion. However, the most im- 
portant the most desirable 
thing 1 see as an opportunity 
of trips to the West; not 
emigration but trips with a 
return. They would be very 
important for me personally, 
very important in the sense of 
contacts with scientists in the 

What do you think is nec- 
essary to improve US-Soviet 
relations? And secondly, what 
Is your attitude towards SDI? 

In order to improve Soviei- 
American relations, or in or- 
der to facilitate the general 

situation, I think it is very 
important that the regional 
conflicts should be regulated I 
think that regional conflicts 
are of the utmost danger in the 
present world situation. 

The most important and the 
most dangerous regional con- 
flict for both countries is the 
Afghan conflict I wrote much 
about this. In 1980, 1 wrote to 
Brezhnev on Af ghanistan, and 
to other heads of state — to 
permanent members of the 
Security Council. My position 
remains unchanged since that 
time. I still think that it is 
necessary to withdraw as 

troops from Afghanistan. Be- 
sides that, there must be a 
political dialogue between 
those forces doing the fighting. 

Now about SDL I wrote 
about SDL or space defence, 
before Reagan proclaimed the 
SDI prog ramm e. My attitude 
is as follows: I do not believe 
that SDI can be implemented: 
not from the scientific or 
technical point of view, but in 
the military-strategic sense. I 
think that a potential enemy 
with highly developed tech- 
nology can always find a 
means to overcome the space 
defences, and it is much easier 

and cheaper than 10 create the 
space defences. . it 

I think that strategically- it 
cannot be implemented..^ 

the same time. I *5^5 
focus all the attention on bDi 
and thus turn down the agree- 
ments in other spheres ofan™ 
control, or what is 
“tough package” is incorrect, 
ungrounded It is necessarv to 
take into consideration that 
the world fives under the 
situation of mutual 

distrust . - ■ . . 

I think it ts ungrounded to 
demand that the American 
side stop development of the 
new technology in the military 
field, and to stipulate this as a 
condition of all other arms 
control agreements ts com- 
pletely fllegd. The research 
has started, and not only in the 
US, but we may infer that in 
ihi* country, too. something is 
done. We may infer this from 
the general knowledge and u is 
simply unrealistic to stop the 
research that has already 

There were rumours when yon 
were is Gorky that yon were 
very HL. Were they true? 

During my hunger strike in 
1984, I had either a minor 
stroke or very deep spasms 
with very grave consequences. 
I think” the authorities ev- 
idently got anxious and, 
through the KGB, various 
rumours started circulating 
that I was either dead or was 
dyin g. They were dearly 
afraid of the state of my 
health. Actually, 1 was dis- 
charged from the hospital in a 
very bad condition . . . The 
doctors lost Iheir heads from 
communicating with the 

How did you change as a 
personality during your years 
in Gorky? 

As a human being, I got 

• BONN: The Soviet authori- 
ties lifted the banning order on 
Dr Sakharov because they 
feared he would start a new 
hunger strike, a fellow dis- 
sident Mr Roy Medvedyev, 
was quoted as saying yes- 
terday (Reuter reports). 

Mr Medvedyev, a historian, 
told the West German news 
magazine Der Spiegel that the 
Kremlin was unsure about the 
state of Dr Sakharov's health 
after he refused to submit to 
medical examinations because 
previous consultations with 
doctors had been secretly 
filmed and used in the West 
for propaganda purposes. 

China detains six workers after unrest 

Shanghai (Renter) — Auth- 
orities appear to be cracking 
down on some of those in- 
volved in week-long student 
unrest in many Chinese cities, 
bat so far those arrested seem 
to be workers not students. 

Public security sources in 
Shanghai, where the “protests 
for democracy" readied their 
climax last weekend, said 
officials were looking at video- 
tapes and photographs to 
determine whether anyone, uf 
chiding student activists, had 
broken the law during scuffles 
with police. 

They said the Government 
apparently wanted to defuse 
tension and was unlikely to 
announce massive arrests. 

Bat police said three youths 
had been detained with the 
help of videotapes, bringing to 
six the published number of 
arrests in cities where protests 

The latest person arrested 
was identified as Zhang Yi ami 
described as a worker with a 
record of theft and hooli- 
ganismJie was charged with 
swindling money from sympa- 
thetic stndents and by- 
standers, saying the money 
would be used to boy loud- 
hailers and print pamphlets. 

Local newspapers said he 
was also accused of spreading 
false rumours and disguising 
himself as a student leader 
when abort 10,000 stndents 
demonstrated in People's 
Square last Sunday. 

Two other workers were 
charged in Shanghai last 
Wednesday with disrupting 
public order and attempted 

Peking Radio yesterday said 
three workers had been ar- 
rested in Nanjing for insniting 
women and causing distur- 
bances when thousands of 

stndents took to the streets 
during toe week. 

The People’s Daily raid that 
some workers in Nanjing had 
mingled with a crowd of 
students in the main rity 
square, smashing cars, setting 
fire to straw and disrupting, 

The paper said several 
“reactionaries" had joined toe 
students to promote anarchy 
and create trouble under the 
banner of democracy. 

It added that protesters had 
also broken into the People's 
Congress building on Tuesday 

Students and teachers in 
Peking said that even if no 
stndents were arrested, their 
future would be jeopardized if 
they were involved in the 

“The stndents who took part 
are very brave. Of coarse, their 
future will be affected," a 

lecturer at Peking Science and 
Engineering University said. 

A student at Peking's 
Qinghua University, from 
where 3^00 students had 
marched last Tuesday, said: 
“The leaders know who all the 
ringleaders are because the 
protests were heavily infil- 
trated. They wiD be punished 
in their job allocation. 

“Yon only have to ray that a 
person was involved in a 
protest and a work anit will not 
take him. 

“In the end, no unit will, so 
he will be posted to the 
countryside or some remote 
area,” the student said. 

The Communist Party Cen- 
tral Committee's general office 
has meanwhile implicitly ac- 
cused local officials of usder- 
estfanadng the extent of 
student grievances and told 
them to fee more vigilant in 
future, sources said. 

Colombo mission meets guerrillas 

Tamils demand release of 3,000 

From Vijitha Yapa 

Guerrillas fighting for a 
separate state in Sri Lanka are 
demanding the release of an 
estimated 3,000 Tamils de- 
tained by the Government 
under the notorious Preven- 
tion of Terrorism Act, which 
allows up to 18 months deten- 
tion without triaL 
The demand is being put as 
a condition to holding direct 
talks with the Government 
and was conveyed to “a 
goodwill mission” which vis- 
ited the mainly guerrilla-con- 
trolled northern capital of 
JafEoa on Saturday, 

The mission, though un- 
official, has the blessings of 
the Govememt and was 
beaded by Mr Vincent Perera, 
MP : for Yatiyantota, who 

played a key role in obtainii 
the release on December 1 9 ol 
two army personnel who had 
been heW captive for nearly 
two months by the guerrillas. 

The mission talked for more 
than two hours with a six- 
member delegation from the 
Liberation Tigers of Tamil 
Eelam, the most powerful of 
the guerrilla groups. 

The meeting, at the Kankas- 
anzhurai Town Hall in the 
Northern Province, was an 
opportunity to discuss aD 
issues concerning both sides, 
according to a guerrilla leader. 

The guerrillas had insisted 
that they were not in favour of 
provincial councils for devol- 
ution, as proposed by the 

The goodwill mission later 
met President Jayewardene in 
Colombo on Saturday night 

and briefed him on the talks. 

The team is expected to 
travel to Madras in India in 
the New Year to talk with Mr 
Vellupillai Prabhakaran, the 
leader of the Liberation -Ti- 
gers, in Tamil Nadu. 

• DELHI: A spokesman for 
the Liberation Tigers said 
yesterday that the organiza- 
tion respected India's medi- 
atory role in the conflict and 
had no intention of conduct- 
ing direct negotiations with 
Colombo “behind the back of 
India" (Reuter reports). 

In Madras, 50 leaders of the 
Tamil Eelam Liberation Org- 
anization, an umbrella group 
for the separatists, began a fast 
to death to press for the release 
of 108 members alleged to 
have been arrested by local 
police last week. 



Sded two Palestinian stu- 
dents who were throwing 
stones at *>ldien dunng a 

demonstration m the uesi 

Sank town of Ramallah- an 
Armv spokesman said. , 

One student was hit in the 

hip and the other in the knee 

when they refused^ obey 
orders to halt, he sasa 
He added that 15 others 
were arrested after the in- 
cident which began when die 
students blocked # traffic and 
stoned Israeli vehicles. 

Killer rain 
hits Brazil 

Rio de Janeiro (AP) - 
Torrential rains inundated a 
southern fanning community, 
killing 1 1 people and injuring 
30 others, according to a 
television network. 

Another 200 people were 
left homeless in the town Oi 
Lavrinbas. near Cruzeiro, in 
Sao Paulo state. 

Castro again 

Havana (Reuter) - Presi- 
dent Castro was re-elected as 
President of the Council of 
State bv the National .Assem- 
bly. which named 11 new 
members 10 the counciL 

Fiji disaster 

Nandi, Fiji (AFP) - Five 
.American tourists and a 
Swede living in the United 
States were among the 11 
people killed on Saturday in 
Fiji's worst air crash. 

Six held 

La Paz (Reuter) - Six police 
officers have been arrested for 
failing to prevent last week's 
escape of an alleged cocaine 
trafficker. Senhor Fernando 
Barthelerny, the Bolivian In- 
terior Minister, said. 

Burning issue 

Manila (Renter) — Several 
hundred demonstrators chan- 
ting anti-government slogans 
bunted piles of Time maga- 
zine, which named President 
Aquino “Woman of the 

Gift of sight 

Beirut (Reuter) - Six blind 
Lebanese recovered their sight 
after receiving cornea trans- 
plants as Christmas gifts, the 
Lebanese Eye Bank said. 

Bomb plot 

San Sebastian (Reuter) — 
Spanish police arrested four 
suspected Basque separatists 
as they were making a bomb 
to be used in a guerrilla attack, 
officials said 


Zuers (AP) — Thousands of 
tourists were practically cut 
off from the outside world in 
resort towns in the Ariberg 
area in Austria's westernmost 
Vorariberg province after 
heavy snowfalls, police said. 

Out of control 

Delhi (AFP) — Twelve peo- 
ple died and 30 were injured 
when a speeding passenger 
truck lost control and over- 
turned in the northern Indian 
stale of Rajasthan, the Press 
Trust of India said . 





MHMGAM HAU. 626 8790/638 
8891. Toni 7.4b POPULAR 
CLASSICS won Leodeo Sib- 
phoo, OrcbmBra. Nicholes 
Cfcob m court. Craig Sheppard 


COLISEUM S 836 3161 cr 340 
B 2 GS nun mi rational 
OPERA Tool 7.00 C ram—. 

Tomer 7.30 Btar/OwL Rea 

1066/1911. 8MTO Wo 836 
S903. S CC Tickets £1-£22J0 
BoBot) S2-C40 (Opera). 68 
mH aeao evart an Hie day. 
ran - 1 7 JO THE ROYAL BAL- 
LET The H Mim.l T. BalMt 
Man Info:' 01-240 9815. 

ronwr t jo me royal op- 
SRA Lada 61 L a m ia w a r - . 

UHjarS WELLS 278 8916. 
« cm CC 24 hr 7 day 240 

OO- From TSmor lo 17 Jen. 
Evas 7.30. Sal Mats 230 


Wed. m A Sam THE 
Jan 8-8 


LDELPMS36 7611 or 240 7913 
U CC 741 9999/836 735B/379 
5433 Ore Sale* 930 6123 First 
24HT 7 day oc 940 7200 Ihfcg 



Sttohlly M 7.30 Mats Wed al 2.30 

& Sat 4.30 & B OO 

M TOWN” S Express 

UBEKY 836 SB78 CC 379 6666/ 
379 6433/ 741 9999 Croup 
sales 836 3962. Eve* Sum 



CHOI 836 6404/0641 CC 

9 6233. Ol 741 9999 


NEIL fll lW OM S 



i net Theatre Production 
r at in nest a rtch *i«l 
uducUon" Daily MaU "A 
jy shaped family 
■ Times ■■ u will run tor a 
m umc“ Time Out 
irt Frl 7.30 Mats weds 
5.00 6 8.30 First Call 24 
rc Ol 240 7200 <n» HI 
etmasfWOl 379 6433010 
Grp Saha 01 930 6123. 

ILBSRY 836 3878 ec 379 6868/ 
379 6435/ 741 9999 / Cm 836 
3962 . 1-3 0 * 4.16 dally. LAST 
WEEK. David wooers 

From the book by MRH The 
Prince of wales. A Musical play 
for children. ENDS SAT! Cany 
130 A 4.15 

01-836 6111 cc 

836 1171. First Can (24 nrs/7 
days) 240 7200 0*0 toe). Eves 
7.3a Wed mat 3. Sal 4*8 
Sayal Ml dill ap ■ lira Cu n 4)iy *» 


457 2663 

434 3598 First Call 01-240 7200 
Tlcketmasler cc 579 6433 
Mon-Fn B. Sal 4.30 A a. 15 
Ttiuro M ata 3 . 




-Wonderfully funny- D.Eap 

CC 630 6262 Pnrty Bkgs I 
6188 Fits! Can CC <24ftr) 240, 
6433 On Sales 930 6123. Tfcts 
from w H Smith Travel Brancltc 
Eves 7 as Mats TUe & Sat 3D 

starlight express 



FOR RETURNS Special cences 
Nans at £6 on Tues mats for 


BARBKAH 01 taa 8798/638 
8891 Cc (Mon-Gun laantSpml 



SOHC by John Whiting “A 
splendid version" Times. 
by Feydeau, tickets available 
ft Frl 7.30 -MagnllleaiL.. most 
enjoyable." D-TeL 
THE PIT U»T ft romor 7.30 
HERESIES tty Deborah Levy. 
TO Arthur Miller. Wed ft Fri 

7.30. Tpurs ft SW 2-00 ft 7.30 

387 9629 CC 380 1483. Until 
Jan 10. No Pet* Today. 
Tomer. Wed ft Frl 2nm. Uiun 
2wn ft 7 pm. Sal Spot A 5pm. 

TOAD. The ‘ ' 


CHURCMU. Brom l ey 460 6677 
Hudd. Roger « Conrwy ft 
NMhe Bear. BUI Pntww. 
Jimmy Thompson. Lam 

_ hum 



A Cbmedy ay Bc tenl Harris 


n or the w 

—me applause of rairtmms 
recognition" D Mall 
“Very funny indeed" SJCkp 
Mon-Ttuifl FTt/Sat SJOftBJQ 

COTTESLOE "S' 92S 2282 CC 
(National Theatre's small autB- 
toHum) Toni. Tomor. Weil. 
Thur. Fri 7.30. Sat 2.30 ft 7 Jo 
hot peris THE -HAY AT MCE 

CHRRMI S 93 Q 3 236 CC 379 
6G68/579 6433/741 9999. Qua 
836 3962. Eras 8.00. Thu mat 
A30 . Sal 630 ft B JO 

D MaU 

The Theatre at Comedy Company 



Written and directed by 

Over 1,600 s l d i ipWlto t pens 
Good scats avail Thm mats. 

96*3- ALL tel CC bit* FIRST 
CALL 24hr 7 day on 836 2428 NO 
BOOMM PEE Ora Sates 900 






Mtm-Frl 7.80 Thu MAt2J06»I 4 
A 8.16. Al T71UTS mats only Tho 
ROc* star 1 Wtu be yr fanned by 
SIOHS at £7 all per* extent FTi ft 
Sit eves Mr OAR'S, UBeOU. stu- 
dents ft under l6*s avail 1 hr 
before pert- Reduced prto«Tmira 
mats only B ft DO 



Eta* OfBce ft OC01836 8108.0;. 
ZOO 9066/7. nm CNI24IV 7 davi 
cc Miss «n 01 240 7200 (no Dkg 
toe}, na a waster 01, 379 6433 
(no bfcg lee) 

DihM M sir hh l 


Wlaoer at all Um ft** 
Moetcaf Award* for IBM 











Ev«s s.a Mats wed so, sat 6.0 a 
8.30 Reduced price mat Weds. 
Students ono oap^ 

- __ 240 

BZ3Q ce 379 6666/6453 12 lo 

Jaa Eves Bam. Sol nuts 8km 


n rahi A Rarto 3am - (Mjr 
as. snort NOW! 

DUC H E SS S 836 8243 CC 240 
9648 CC 379 6433 ft CC 29 
hr/T nay 240 7200 Evgs a wed 
mu 3 Sal 6 ft ft 

DUKE OF YORKS 836 8122 24 
KT CC 240 7200 836 9837 741, 
9999 379 6433 Eves 8. Thu 3. Sal 
6 ft 830 


ftmiltewl Drama Send 19M 


HU Comedy by Mdund Hams 
D irected TO Julia McKenzie 
-TMUMPfl ON TAP" 8td 


FORTUNE BO/CC 836 2238/9 
Auy F.CALL Tday 2dhr 240 
7200 0>kijJegMCteJN93O 6123. 

PM UK atace nralea 

"SMdKUlw scenes and flke- 
jtfrie heroes— Imra W HNi 
napr Times 

Today al lOftOam ft 7.30 doi 
M oo-Frl at 3cm ft 7-3CWn 
Sal 2mn. 3om ft Bpra. 

CAHWCKSOl 37961177. 1st call 
24/hr 7 day 240 7200L C(P sens 
9506123. TteketmaKer 3796433 
Eves 7 JO. Sal 8 *8 TUa Sent 


-Class ot their own** std 


TO Kami WMmmg 
Directed TO Ned Sharrtn 

•mm MR earn at g to raaeft to 
Waal End tMapaar” Ti roes 




■LORE 437 1092 CC OPEN ALL 
HOURS 379 643S 1st CbU 24 ttr 
240 7200 (no an tel 741 9999 
die bha fea) Grp Salas 980 6123. 
Tkn from W H Smith Travel 
Branches Eva 8 Mels WedS Sal 4 

Laoranca OMar Awarto 19*6 


“If K*i laotfit a r you ne after... 
then the Fun comes n o whe re 
thicker and faster” Sid 
A Comedy TO Kan Ludwig 
□tented tty Da vid G ilmore 

GLOVE 01-437 3667 ce 741 9999 
1st cau 2407200 24 nr 7 day ibkg 
toe) On 9Na 930 <125 
Pram 14 January 
AWARD - OMar Award, •SB 


ta Larva's ••thrilling" Ohs 
Nuria Cspsrt ■ L 
Standard Drama Awards 

77SS- First Call cc 24nn 240 
7200 (beo feci. Eves . Mote 
by Emlyu wmtaxn*. “-tnsV 

'm n Times 

HAMPSTEAD 722 9301. Eva 8. 
&S Mat «. SO. HUM THE 
SIZZLE, A Hen Comedy by 
Msr BMi -QMrtouB hW> 
farce performances from 
and DavM 

Box office ACC 01-930 9MB. M 

OaU 2ahr/7 day ccbkos 2407200 

TUdnnrter 379 6453 Eves 7 JO 

Wed ft Sat mats 2.30pm 




HER MAJBSTYft Haymarket 839 
379 6131 Ftru Can CC 240 

u 38 


Starring ' 




Cfadrv Moure Mays Christine 
« certain performances 

Evas 7 M Mats Wed & SW 3 

Postal bma only tor AnrtaOd 

741 9999 (no Dkg teL Flrn CoO 
24 H r 7 P ro CC 240 7200. (HO 
■HR no Cm Balm 930 6123. 
TkftMn a aner 379 6453 




a ft 

Mon- Fri 7 JO. Mats Wed 2.00 
Sat 2JQ ft BOO 
SUM cnmnmlBne avail, al door 
MOAHFri ft Sat mats 

LYRIC THEATRE Shaftesbury 
A VC Wl 01-437 3686/7 01-434 
1660. 01-434 1060. 01-734 

816 6/7 

-A brilliant ft layourty 

wrote performance” F. Times 

the Naoonal Theatre's acclaimed 
production of 


“Heanimutintfy funny” con 
“Hilarious...” s. Tiroes 
“A rant ireibB of 
comic exhilaration” Times 
Eras 7.30. Mats Wed and Sat 3.0. 
Crew Sales 01-930 6123. 

Reduced price mats Student ft 
OAR Stana-oy 

FM CaB 24ttr 7 day cc ba-Uata 
aa 01 240 7200 (ua> heeling lea) 
ncMtmaatar 01 378 6433 (oe 
bulling fed) 

APRIL *87 

2311 Eves 730 (Box ofllon for 
detail s of naul AUCE HI WON- 
DCRLAIffi adapted by Ms 
Wefts, With music TO C ml Bar 
MOON CTsL box office tor peri 

lUllltD. Sm OMnOpMlm 
1 treat ta.oo. 8 p m 

LYTTELTON ■fir 920 2282 CC 
iNabooai Theatre's pros c enium 
Maori Toot. Tccnor. Thur 7.4S. 
Wed 2.15 How price matt ft 
Evans and Vntraflnr. Tomor 
ER. Previews Fri. S at 7.46 ft 
JanSAfiM 7.46. Opens Jaa 7 
at 7.00. Then Jan 8 al 7.46 
COKING M TO LAND. (Jan 7 ft 
8 SOLD OUT). Thnt 6 am The 
•toe Rato. 48 ndn platform perf 
an IMS £2.00. 

MAYFAHI S CC 629 3036. Mon- 
• Thu 8 Fri /Sat 5.40 ft 8.10 



“An unabashed winner” S Em 
"SenoaHoaal*’ Timas 





THEATRE 01-236 
5568 24hr CC 240 7200/ 379 
6433/ 741 9999 Group Sales 930 

KanneBi Gntiamais wonderful 


Twice daily a ft 6. 




OUVtES/L'r 1 1 ELTON/ 
COTTESLOE. Excellent Cheap 
scab days o f pmf » an moats 

mm lO am. RESTAURANT (928 
2035). EASY CAR PARK, Into 
633 0680 

NEW LONDON Drury Lone wcg 
379 6433, Tkta from W H Smith 
Travel Branches. Evm 7.46 Tub ft 

Sai 300 ft 7.46 . 



01 406 1867 or 01 930 6123. 
19*7. Extra mat Jan Z at 3pm- 
Seats awUaMe to Jan 

OLD VK 900 7616 CC 261 1821 
P revi ew tram 14 Jan. Opens 20 
Jan al 7pm 







a comedy by . 

Dir to UWSAY 

OLD VIC 928 7616 ec 261 1821 
Eves 7JXL Wed Mats 2-30. San 
4 DO ft 7.45 









TO Clare Boothe Luce 

“Ad tomato ritsy ws ve gm " 
FT. *91CLlGiob3LY FUNNY” 
Times, -winy, wicked women's 
world” S Exp. “STYUSIL STAR* 




OUVMK fr 928 2252 CC (Na- 
tional Theatre"* aaen stage) 
Today. Wed 1 OJUaro ft 2.00 
THE PMD rats a modem 
tow from Brow ni ng's poem 
(for 6-11 year olds, law Brices!. 
Toni 7.00 iiro n a t HOMO LEAR 
TO Snaaesw are. T o mor. W ed. 
CLOCK. Frl 7.1B SM 2.000QW 
price mat) ft 7.15 


OPEN ALL HOURS 579 6439 

First Call 24Hr7Daycc 240 7200 

<3ri> Sales 930 4133. TM, tram. 

w h smith Travel Branches 



•v you cant car a 
Evm 7 JO Maas Thu ft Sal 2L30 
Latecomers not admitted untn me 


Hew lnMii to Sept "B7 

PHM3 EDWARD Box Office 
734 8981 F1ZM CBH 24 Hr 7 DB» 
cc 8tonm 036 3464 Ora Sales 
930 6123. Mao-Sat 7 JO Mats 
Thun ft Sat 2 JO 


SHOW" Newsweek 


6681 /2 cc Hodinc 930 

0844/6/6. Crp Salas 930 
6123 Keith Prowse 741 9999. 

TlcLrimaster B79 6433 
First Call 24 Mur. 7 day (HO 
RKR PEE) 240 7200 


with the TV SHOW STARS J 
"8T all eaura at tha arid at 
toaata” O exp. eves 8. Frl ft 
Sal 5.30 ft 8^0 EXTRA PERFS 
30 A 31 DCC at 2.30 

qumrs Ol 734 1 166/1167/ 
0261/0120. 24hr cc 240 7200/ 
379 5 4 33. Grp gal a 930 6123- 



Maureen upman h, 



“It tipples with esuatmeiir 
S.nroes "Jint wonderful" D.Eap 
Mon-Sal 8 Mata Wed 2 30 Sat S 

ROYALTY 01-831 0680 24hr ce 
240 7200 CC 379 6433 741 
99990TOW Balm 930 MgS 
Twice daily m 2.30 * 7 JO 
3 * reeks 

SAVOY THEATRE Ol 836 8888. 
CC 379 62 1 9. 836 0479. First Cau 
24 Hr 7 day (no Mp feel Sao 7200. 
Keith Prawn 741 9999 Coo Mm 
fee) Cra Sales 930 6123. Evm 
Mon-Fn 8pm. Sat 6 ft &50. Wed 
Mai 3nm 

A Mystery Throw for 
an tha Runfiy 




C O M E DY 013T9 5399CC 01379 
6433/741 9999.. First Cau 34 nr 
240 7200 0*9 fee), ore Bates 930 

Mon-Fn S. Wed 3. Sat 5.10 ft 8-30 


TO Eugene LaHcta 

ST MABTHTS 01-836 1443. She- 
rial OC No. 379 6433. Evgs 8.0 
SAB. Sot 6-0 ana &o 


STRAND 836 2660 OC 836 
4143/5190. 741 9999. M Cal 
28 Hr 7 Day cc 280 7290 (bb Mw 
lee) Grp Sates 930 6123 


raafttac fat OH HmI CM” Std 


Directed ft Chor eogra phed by 

Moo-Fri^4& MtWM 400 
Sal 430 ft ais 


Spoc perf Now Yetteh Eve 7pm 


‘ (0789 ) 3 9S623. " ROYAL 


W. Bnm TonteM 7 JSO. Sal 

l jo, MedMb Tamar. Sat 

7.30. WMar'i Tttto Wed 7 JO. 
Thura 1.30. M art B Thors. 
Frl 7 JO. ton The atre , Hew 
Tonight 7 JO. sal l JO. Pair 
Maid Tamar. Tram. fn. Sat 

7.30. Erary Mna Wed 1 JO. 
Naan Wed 7 JO. 


“The very best at Bribdn J 
comic tohKU” Daily Mafl 



836 9987/8645 Pint call CC. 24 

UTS 240 7X00 tey te> 

TKteeonpner VI9 64jS3 iO*g 
Era, a o- Maa 2^ 30 6A 

SJO, ■ 

Standa rd Draw Aw ard 

MAirnw lARWfc 

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ncmuMuaM8M ui7 
Eva 7 JO Mata Wad ft sm 2^s 
December 29. 30. Jan l ft 2 SMftr 
7 day cc blrpi (no extra charge) on 
FIRST CALL 340 7200 "A 




Aha bask. TkAeauafler 379 6433 

fa- any W H South item Branch 

through First Cafl emumay 01 
240 7200 24tte 7 dw 


N ATAgBA wow mai 


Directed by Rktunl Eyre 
Prm Feb 13 1st Ntatn Feb 26 
Mon-Frl 7 AB Wed Mu 3 Sal 446 
ft a. IB. Op Sales 930 6123 

MUIMMIIU Ol 834 0283/4 
OC 8 34 0048. CC TlaiMMtr 
379 6433. MflR-Sat 3,00 ft A3Q 
I Dec 31 ax 3.00 only) 

TO C8 Ltoin 

930 7765/ 839 4465 OC 01 379 
6606/379 6433. 741 9999. era 
ton 930 6123/836 8962 


tty Shaman Macdonald 
Directed by Smen Stokes 


fives a. Wed mat 3. 
San 5 JO ft 

WYNMUHTSS 856 8028 ec 379 
6666 /Tl ri B rfnunter 379 6433 /la 
TMV 741 

9999/Orp Sales 980 6123/886 
0962. Eves 7 JO. &at note 3 
Foe a limited Mason 

**A pertormaara — rarattilid i 

tbe Weal Bad" SaSSSSS. 1 


_ -ran unuoNsoN in 

The Varna Vic urn ft n Him a 


By Henrik Itatm 
Di reua d TO David TMdttr 
BOUT W53” CRy UMte 

BAygHCAHARTaALijaiY. Bar- 
Zxcan Centre, rrg oi^aa 
4141. Unm 4 Jan: David £*>. 
•to (17».lBS4Jt paiOUnnaf 
Europe ft Bm Near FM PLUS 
IM» Rugs by nomadic Fare 
te itt e w amen. Tom . sat io- 
6Afi. Sun & B Hoi! 12-8.48 
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A broad staircase on the 
outside of the building 
Jed up to the Jerusalem 
Conservatoire, and one 
afternoon in 1940 a 
well-dressed older man, tall, thin , 
and with a proud bearing, walked 
up those steps and entered the 
office of the school. The students 
who happened to be around that 
afternoon — 1 was among them — 
watched with great fascination 
and curiosity. We could not 
imagine what a man with his 
looks, attire, and manner could be 
doing in our school. As soon as he 
left, we rushed into the office to 
question the secretary. Who was 
this man and what did he want? 
We were told that his nam^ was 
Hermann Jadfowker; that he bad 
been a very famous tenor in the 
early part of the century; that he 
had sung under the direction of 
Gustav Mahler and at the Metro- 
politan Opera in New York and 
had participated in the world 
premiere of Richard Strauss's 
Ariadne auf Naxos ; and that 
Kaiser Wilhelm had called him 
“my Lohengrin". He wanted to 
give concerts again and was 
looking for an accompanist — 
someone young, good at sight- 
reading, willing to work. Previous 
experience was not necessary. 

This was a very exciting propo- 
sition, and several young pianists 
showed up at the auditions a few 
days : later. The head of the 
Conservatoire was present, as 
were several piano teachers and, of 
course. Hermann Jadlowker, who 
sat quietly through the entire 
proceeding and never let on what 
he thought We all waited outside, 
and a lew minutes after the last 
pianist had left the room the head 
of the Conservatoire came out to 
announce that Jadlowker had 
chosen me. 

At that time, I was 16 and living 
with three other music students, 
two from Germany and one from 
Czechoslovakia, in a two-room 
apartment just outside Jerusalem. 
Our landlord was a Jew from 
Kurdistan — an Oriental, as we 
called every non-European — who 
did not mind what we did as long 
as we paid our rent Our constant 
practising did not bother him, nor 
did the act that our apartment 
was never cleaned. There was no 
refrigerator, and to keep the ants 
out of our food we stored it on a ta- 
ble each Ik of which stood in a 
plate full of water. My rider sister, 
who was attending an agricultural 
school near Kfar Saba to learn to 
become a useful member of a 
kibbutz, once came for a visit, and 
when she saw the place she quickly 
turned around and left 
What a contrast to the apart- 
ment where I had my first meeting 
with Hermann Jadlowker. It was 
his niece's apartment at Reha via, 
one of the nicest sections of 
modem Jerusalem. There was a 
Bluthner grand piano, which he 
must have brought with him from 
Germany, and books in many 
languages, and much music. It was 
a cultured, civilized atmosphere 
such as I had not encountered 
since 1 left my parents' home in 

Jadlowker told me that we 
would meet twice a week at first, 
perhaps more often later, and that 
he would pay me five piastres per 
session. (There were a hundred 
piastres to the English pound.) We 
began to work immediately. He 
put a volume of old Italian arias 
on the piano, held a second copy 
in his hand (he never looked over 
my shoulder), and we went 
through a number of those arias. 
He w alke d up and down the rather 
large room, usually just “mark- 

The man accompanied by Brahms 

iog" the music, but occasionally 
singing in full voice. 

Jadtowfcer's Bluthner responded 
to the slightest touch of the finger, 
to the slightest whim of the 
musical imagination. He and I 
went over much musical rep- 
ertoire during the following weeks: 
Handel, whom he loved; a tittle 
Bach, most of whose vocal writing 
he considered unsuitable for him- 
self, German tieder from Schubert 
to Mahler, with particular stress 
on Brahms; some arias from 
Italian and Russian opera (he was 
born in Riga and, as a Latvian, he 
knew Russian); some Hebrew 
folk-songs; and tidbits from here 
and there. Although he had been 
the Kaiser’s favourite Lohengrin, 
he would sing no more Wagner. 

My room-mates were much 
interested in my work with 
Jadlowker, all aspects of it When I 
told them that he wore a different 
suit ax each rehearsal, that be 
always wore a necktie, and that be 
had a handkerchief rucked in his 
breast pocket showing only a 
corner and carefully matching his 
tie, they almost did not believe 
me. Jl was so different from what 
we saw around us. Even Ben- 
Gurion. already then a man of 
great prominence, never wore a 
necktie, not even on the most 
formal occasions. Our interest in 
Jadlowkeris world went much 
deeper, though, than mere ap- 
pareL What did be symbolize to 
us, four European teenagers sepa- 
rated from their parents and 
homes, transplanted into a world 
of Arabs, Jews from strange 
countries, and Britons, and held 
together by our burning desire to 
make music our profession? His 
propriety, courtesy, and orderli- 
ness represented our parents’ 
world to us. I know hedid it to me. 
We envied him his experience, 
musical and other — his rich, 
successful life. We admired him 
for wishing to make a new start in 
surroundings he must have found 
as tryinply different from the past 
as we did. 

W hen Hermann Jad- 
lowker first engaged 
me, he told me that 
it would be part of 
my job to correct, 
him. I did not take that seriously. 
First of aD, I did not believe that 
he would make mistakes, and, 
besides, how could a mere music 
student correct a world-famous 

The first time he made a 
mistake, I did not have the 
courage to speak up. I quickly 
tried to change the accompani- 
ment to fit what he was singing. 
He noticed, though, and stamped 
his foot in anger. “Why did you 
not stop me? You are supposed to 
tell me when I make a mistake. 
That’s what I am paying you for.” 

I understood then that he meant 
it and that he did need me. He was 
going over old repertoire, music 
he might not have looked at in 
years — he had sung mostly 19th- 
century opera all his life — and 
when be did make mistakes he 
preferred to be corrected by a 
young person rather than by some 
old vocal coach, wKorrepetitor, as 
such people were called. From that 
moment on, I became more his 
collaborator than his accompa- 
nist. The five piastres an hour he 
gave me were good pay in my 
circumstances. Witb that you 
could buy SO oranges or a bag of 
olives - the two cheapest food 
items — on the open fruit market, 
jl was also considerably more than 
I got forgiving piano lessons, most 
of them to unwilling children who 
had to be cajoled or coerced into 

In this extract from his forthcoming book Continuo, 
the American composer and teacher Robert Starer 
reminisces about his strange partnership with die 
legendary Latvian-Jewish tenor Hermann Jadlowker 



One day, Jadlowker announced 
that he now felt ready to give a 
recital. From that day on, we met 
more frequently and discussed 
each song, as we went over it, in 
terms of its suitability for the 
planned programme. In putting 
together the programme, Jad- 
fowker always chose the opening 
and the dosing song for each 
group first After these 
dealt with what came between. 
There his considerations were 
guided by contrast and variety of 
mood, tempo, and even key. 
While he often consulted me, the 
final choice was truly his. 

When the chief selections had 
been chosen, he said be would sing 
the entire German group — it was 
substantial — in Hebrew. 

“But why?" I asked shyly from 
the keyboard. 

“I want my entire audience to 
understand what I am singing”, he 
said, “and I don’t like to sing in 
Hitler's language.” 1 wanted to say 
that the language itself was not our 
enemy, only the man, but I did 

not I knew his convictions were 
strong, that a different opinion 
from someone so young might be. 

J adlowker had made his 
choice. Where no singable 
translation existed, he com- 
missioned one. There were 
many poets, young and old, 
then translating the world's lit- 
erature into modern Hebrew, and 
perhaps he also wanted to show 
his feelings towards his newly 
adopted country by singing in that 
language which had so recently 
been revived. 

We needed several adddxtional 
rehearsals for him to foam the 
Hebrew texts and memorize them. 
Eventually, a date for the concert 
was set, and it was time for me to 
buy the first tuxedo of my life. I 
had my sister come up from her 
agricultural school to finger the 
material —good English worsted— 
the way you would have your 
older brother come with you to 
kick the tyres of your first car. 
When I put that stiff detachable 

collar on my shirt, it reminded me 
of the wedding pictures of my 
parents. 1 had never thought I 
would be attired film that 

The concert was to take place in 
Haifa, a city looked down upon by 
the more cultured Jerusatanites. 
Later, we were to give the' same 
programme at the Tel Aviv Mu- 
seum, in Jerusalem, and in some 
smaller places. At that time, Haifa 
bad no concert haft. The m a n a g er 
who scheduled and arranged our 
concert had rented a movie house 
— a huge, ugly place meant to be 
visited only in the dark. The 
afternoon of the concert, we went 
to Haifa in a taxi — Palestine was 
not a large country — and c h anged 
into our dress suits in a back room 
of the movie house. If Jadlowker 
found the facilities primitive com- 
pared with what be had been used 
to, he never showed it. 

At 8.30 sharp, he walked out on 
the stage, with me a few steps 
behind The name Jadlowker 
must have meant something to the 
inhab itants of Haifa- the movie 

house was completely filled He 
acknowledged the warm greeting 
with a slight nod of his head ana 
turned to me. I played the 
introduction to the old Italian aria 
he had chosen to open the 
programme with, and he sang it 
quite sotto voce. He needs to warm 
up a little, l thought. Next came a 
Handel aria. I played the opening 
ritomello, and be did not come in 
when he should have. I played it 
again, and be came in two ban loo 
soon. Was it possible for a singer 
of his experience to suffer from 
stage-fright? If so, he overcame it 
quickly and then sang his German 
group — Schubert, Schumann, 
Brahms, and Mahler, all in He- 
brew. We walked offstage, and be 
thanked me for having covered up 
for his little mishap in the HandeL 
The next piece on the pro- 
gramme was Lensky's aria from 
Tchaikovsky’s opera Eugene One- 
gin , a rather lengthy and very 
beautiful piece of music, which 
encompasses a great variety of 
moods and emotions. It was only 
then that I began to see who 
Jadlowker had been and still was. 
In front of my eyes and the eyes of 
two thousand others, he became 
Lensky, he transformed that ugly 
ball into an elegant European 
opera house with the sheer magic 
of his personality. I was so totally 
under the spell of his dramatic 
power, conviction, and intensity 
that I quite forgot where I was and 
what I was supposed to do. I was 
so overwhelmed, in fact, that I 
simply forgot to play at one point 
and just stared at him. He turned 
around and looked at me sternly, 
and I played again. This has never 
happened to me since — not on a 
stage, anyway. 

When he finished the aria, there 
was that moment of absolute 
silence which shows that an 
audience has been deeply moved, 
and then there came thunderous 
applause, shouts of “Bravo!” and 
of relief from the tension in which 
he had held them for so long. After 
the concert, everyone present, ft 
seemed to me, wanted to tell 
Jadlowker how much it had meant 
to tkem. They also told him where 
they had heard Him last — a great 
many places were named — and 
what be had sung. Many spoke to 
him in German, some in Russian, 
and a few in Hebrew. 

S everal people came to me 
to tell me how hicky I was 
to be so near greatness at 
such a tender age. I did not 
need to be told. 

When everyone had left, the 
manager took us to our hold, the 
old Zion Hold, halfway up Mt 
CarzneL For some reason, a single 
room had been reserved for us, 
with two laige beds right next to 
each other. I shuddered slightly at 
the idea of sleeping practically in 
the same bed with the old man, 
but neither of us was thinking of 
sleep just then. Jadlowker put on 
his pyjamas - the most elaborate 
silk-brocade pyjamas I had ever 
seen — and walked up and down 
the room as he had done at all our 
rehearsals. He was elated — modi 
too excited to sleep. He was the 
Kaiser’s Lohengrin again, not the 
refugee who had sung in a Haifa 
movie house. Hie remembered 
Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, 
and even Brahms, for whom he 
had sung as a youth. He spoke of 
Strauss, under whose baton he had 
sung often, as a very thorough, 
accurate conductor, on whom one 
could absolutely rely. Perhaps a 
little too matter-of-fact for Jad- 
lowker’s taste. He had seen him 
play cards during the intermission 
of a concert, and I gathered from 
Jadlowkefs tone of voice that he 

did not quite approve of that 
Mahler, on the other hand, was 
much more emotional, he said. He 
was also somewhat superstitious, 
and occasional gave a penny to 
his singers before a performance 
for good luck. 

I wanted to hear more about 
Brahms. It seemed quite unreal to 
me that I should be in the same 
room, almost in the same bed. 
with a man who had sung for 
Brahms. Jadlowker had settled in 
bis bed by then. “Brahms had a 
rather large pot-belly” be said, 
“and he kept his foot on the pedal 
a tot.” I had not played much 
Brahms, but the thought did occur 
to me that night that a protruding 
belly might account for why the 
left hand and the right in his piano 
writing often seemed so far apart. 
The detail about the pedal did not 
surprise me. 

I had never heard Jadlowker 
speak so much and so freely. 

I did not want him to stop 
talking ever. I felt that 
through listening to him I 
somehow knew these men myself 
— men who until then bad been 
just names in books and on the 
title-pages of music to me. 1 also 
felt that through Jadlowker. 
through having made music with 
him, I had entered into a chain of 
musical continuity, and that if I 
were someday to tell this to 
someone else he or she would also 
become part of it. 

“How did you get to sing for 
Brahms?” 1 asked him. “You must 
have been terribly young at the 

“I was indeed very young”, he 
said. “Not much older than you 
are now. And I not only sang for 
Brahms, I sang with him. He 
actually played for me.” 

“How did that happen?” 

“Well, I was studying voice in 
Vienna at the time. My teacher 
was Dr Gansbacher — you won't 
know his name — and he was a 
personal friend of Brahms. One 
day, Brahms came to visit 
Gansbacher when I was in the 
middle of a voice lesson. 
Gftnsbacber told him he thought I 
had a future, and Brahms asked to 
hear me. After the first song — a 
Brahms song, of course — he 
simply sat down at the piano and 
played the next one himself.” 

I knew this was my first, and 
perhaps my only, chance to ask 
him anything I wanted to know. 1 
said, “I know Kaiser Wilhelm 
made yon a Kommersdnger" — a 
singer of the imperial chamber — 
“but when did he call you ‘my 

“He came on stage after a 
performance at the Belin Opera 
House”, Jadlowker said, “and he 
put his arm around my shoulders, 
and said to the audience, ‘This is 
my Lohengrin’.” 

“Was it your favourite part?" 
“Wait a moment”, he said. 
“There is more to this story. A 
year or so later, the Tsar of Russia . 
— Riga was part oflmperial Russia 
then — came to Berlin on a state 
visit. There was a performance of 
Lohengrin at the opera house, and 
I bad been asked to visit the two 
monanrhs in their box during 
intermission. When I entered the 
box, the Kaiser presented me to 
the Tsar. This is my Lohengrin’, 
he said. ‘He may be your 
Lohengrin*, the Tsar replied, ‘but 
he is still my subject’.” 

I wished the night would go on 
and on, but suddenly Hermann 
Jadlowker was .quiet. I turned 
towards him and saw in the dim 
light that be had fallen asleep. 

• Extracted from Continuo: A Life 
in Music, by Robert Starer, to be 
published early next year by Andre 

Puccini power 

On Saturday we had Callus 
Sings Tosca (Channel 4) at 
Covent Garden, and yesterday 
Madama Butterfly (BBC2) 
from La Scabq it would only 
have taken a repeat of the 
Pavarotti Turandot for the 
weekend In turn into a Puccini 


Filmed in glowing black and 
white in 1964, ZeffireUPs ac- 
count of Act II was distin- 
guished by superb playing 
from P-aHa<i and Tito Gobbi, 
and one was left marvelling 
that they put so much metre®- 
Ions detail into their acts®® 
while stxD singing fit to split 
the plaster. Dallas's stow es- 
pial of the fatal knife among 
the wine-glasses was a genu- 
inely unnerving moment. 

did have the advan- 
tage of being cast to type (an 
open-singer playing an opera- 
singer); so did the Japanese 
soprano Yasoko Hayaslu m 
Madama Butterfly, and the 
born-again Christian Jam» 
Fox played an idealmtic Pu- 
grim Fattier in World 

(BBC**- - . «« 

This Everyman special w*j 
a simple tale of simple folk m 
the 1620s, striving to un 
according their consciences 
and also perhaps make a tew 

bob on the side. That at least 
was the philosophy erf the 
Bernard H31 faction, while the 
James Fox faction dong 
steadfastly to the kind of 
mentality wherein all was held 
in common and the nohle 
savage was also God's crea- 
ture. “We're building some- 
thing new here”, quoth Mr 
Fox. “Something good”, he 
went on. “Let it have a 
chance”, he concluded. 

Well, one gave it two horns 
and one enjoyed the scenery 
and the costumes, hat the 
script's s ca l din g goodin- 
tentions made it seem at times 
that the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury had dreamt it afl after an 
ecumenical sapper. One pra- 
yed (if that is the right word) 
for a stroke of imagination to 
lift the thing out of its_ re- 
constructed rut — _ a time- 
traveller, say, passing round 
photographs of the Bronx and 
advising the pilgrims to think 
p gnin. 

The lead performances were 
agreeably taut and there was a 
vivid cameo from J oss Ack- 
land as a pious hypocrite, bat 
William Nicholson’s dialogue 
could have come from the 
Good News Bible. The music 
came from a synthesizer; bat 
then most musk does. 

Martin Cropper 

Just a pretext for burlesque 

V . .. . . vfc.v. . . . ‘ “-V 

Stars of the show: the little mice and their mother in the potichineUes 1 dance 

One curious thing has become 
apparent on transferring Lon- 
don Festival Ballet's new Nut- 
cracker from its Plymouth 
premiere to its longer-term 
home at the Festival HalL 
This is that, perhaps uninten- 
tionally, Peter Schaufiiss's 
production has made the mice 
the stars of the show. 

They have much more to do 
than in other productions, 
what with his interpolation of 
some extra (far from relevant) 
Hoffmann narrative into Act 
L and giving them the 
polichinelles’ dance in Act II 
besides. Also, theirs are the 
most successful of David 


Jl cmesm 




01.635 3391 . 

| DANCE ) 

The Nutcracker 

Festival Hall 

Walker’s costumes, and dur- 
ing this Festival Hall season 
they have extra exposure by 
taking collecting boxes for 
Festival Ballet's funds into the 
audience during the inter- 
mission. So they get the 
wannest applause at the end. 
and deserve ft. 

As a producer. Schaufuss 
tends to saddle himself with 
crack-brained theories which, 
surprisingly for a man of his 
experience, have more of the 
study than the theatre about 
them. The result in this in- 
stance is a congested plot 
stuffed with unnecessary and 
often unintelligible detail. 
That said, be carries out his 
ideas quite efficiently in terms 
of staging, and he could easily 
improve it in future Christmas 
seasons simply by cutting 
many of the innovations. 

But his actual choreoEraohy 

is trite, lacks grace and is often 
excruciatingly at odds with the 
music; for instance his ex- 
tremely popular dance for 
Russian dolls, set cackhand- 
edly on the Dance of the Reed 

In spite of this, his dancers 
do rather well, especially the 
men. The big pas de deux, 
lovingly restored by Alicia 
Martova to its traditional 
choreography, needs more 
gracious, delicate performan- 
ces than I saw at Saturday’s 
two shows, but Janette Mul- 
ligan and Martin James 
showed stylish promise at the 
matinee, be notably dashing in 
his sola 

The most darvling dancing 
came from Patrick Armand, : 
jumping and pirouetting 
through the Chinese Dance. 
The three men in the Russian 
Dance and the four men in the . 
Waltz of the Flowers are I 
consistently strong. Chris- j 
topher Bruce and Nicholas 
Johnson both bring a sad 
authority to the double role of 
Tchaikovsky and Drossel- 1 

John Perdval 

No date in the theatrical 
I calendar is more reassuring 
than the Players' Christmas 
panto. Above ground, God- 
zilla-like musicals may be 
rampaging through the West 
End and tickets be reduced to 
micro-dot hieroglyphics. But 
down in the bowels of Villiers 
Street, with Vestries and Dan 
Leno looking down, from the 
walls, everything remains un- 
changed. The place still shakes 
with passing trains, as cus- 
tomers raise their glasses to 
toast the Queen (Victoria, of 
course), confident that they 
will not hear a note written 
later than Mr Bishop's most 
accent hit. 

Planch fit is this year’s au- 
thor, which means that the 
plot will have to fight its way 
through a jungle of Shake- 
spearian quotation and word- 
games as well as the standard 
consignment of groan puns. 
Emerging somewhat winded 
through these obstacles is the 
story of the transvestite 
monarch’s courtship of Fior- 
ina, the beauteous daughter of 
King Henpeckt the Hun- 
dredth: it ends in wedding 
bells despite the ruthless 
efforts of Henpeckt’s wife 
Tyrana to pair Charming off 
with her graceless Troutina. 

Along the way, Plancffet hits 
on some nicely turned in- 
cidents — such as conjuring up 
a pack of devils, each one 
named after a different brand 
of tea: or giving the heroine a 
basket of magic eggs, each of 
which explodes with a gratify- 
ing flash and transforms the 
scene (Reginald Woolley man- 
ages some stunning trans- 
formations on the tiny stage). 
But as always the story is 
chiefly a pretext for buriesque 
in which Charming (Felicity 
Jane Goodson) also gets to 
play Romeo. Othello and the 
mad Hamlet besides being 


King Charming 


changed into a bird (very 
handy for coloratura-flute du- 
ets); and every move in the 
narrative is the cue for another 
collaboration between Plan- 
effet the lyricist and the 
composers of Trovatore and 

These misma idlings could 
be funnier, but there is one 
real winner in a bribery aria, 
set to Donizetti’s heart-rend- 
ing “Una fintrva lagrima”, 
ringingly sung by a venal 
flunkey with a lisp (Martyn 
Harrison). Otherwise, the eve- 
ning boasts a roguishly Hiber- 
nian fairy queen (Catherine 
McCord) and a Troutina (Jo- 
sephine Gordon) in the like- 
ness of a Happy Families card. 
The show is up to standard. 

Irving Wardle 

1 1 rn mill 1 ? ! ? f l 


Will Evans & Valentine's 

“What a WONDERFUL evening Mail) 


[ (D Thlegiaph) ( Observer) 


Lyttelton: Tbnight, tomor at 7.45, Wed at 2.15 & 7.45. 
Then Jan L 15, 16, 17(m&e). 



Box Office & Credit Cards 

V i 01-928 2252 

^ Standby— unsold seats at low-prices, 
from 2 hours before performance 


_ .tl 




A Times campaign this year focused attention on the problems created by soaring house prices. Today we look juthe 

How housing was forced into the open 

• Id September, The Times humetmi its 
“Home Front" series — an investigation 
into die sometimes creel impact of rising 
house prices (see pages, right). The 
series focused national attention on the 
crisis and, along with the Dolce of 
Edinburgh’s repent on bousing, led to a 
more mtinliibited debate of the problems. 
Since then there have been wgnifirant 
political and commercial initiatives 
which promise to go some way towards 
easing the difficulties. 

• Public attention has been focused on 
mortgage lenders whose lending criteria 
were growing too lax, thereby helping to 
swell a disturbing increase in 

• The Treasury is relaxing its opposition 
to the mix of public and private finance to 
provide rented boosing. 

• Guidelines designed to prevent bald- 
ing societies from taking too many risks 
with investors’ deposits are soon to be 
issued by the newly formed Bmkfing 
Societies Commission. 

• Housing associations and building 
societies report growing enthusiasm for 
shared-ownership schemes. 

• Next month, the Law Commission is to 
publish its report on protecting buyers 
from gazumping, recommending the 
volnntary payment of a deposit by both 
vendor and buyer before exchange of 

• The Law Commission has called for an 
urgent overhaul of mortgage laws and 
consumer protection rules to give greater 
protection to borrowers. 

• A new “right Co bay" publicity 
campaign will be bunched by the 
Government in the new year, encouraging 
council tenants to boy their homes and 
offering bigger disconnts for those baying 
their Oats. 

• The Government is backing the “right 
to-renf, encouraging people to nut, and 
is extending its assured tenancy scheme. 

• Tbrongb the Housing _Corporatkm, _a 
major government initiative is 
supplementing public funding by 
supporting schemes u sin g 30 per cent 
pliic money and 70 per cent private 

• An all-party «»npa»gn called on the 
Government to increase the fin a nc ing of 
housing associations, which have already 
been given bigger grants for building and 


• The Birmingham Settlement Money 
Advice Centre raised enough money — 

thanks to The Times series - to launch a 
nationwide “hotline" offering help to 
home-owners in arrears. 

• Fifty High Street housing advice 
centres will be set op by the Government 

These represent a few steps towards 
resolving a problem which still requires 
urgent action. At a time when the Honse- 
Bnbders Federation is warning that first- 
time buyers are being priced out of the 
market, we report on ways of taking some 
of the sting out of setting up home. 

Las Lee 


On to the first rung 

A relatively little 
known way to lake 
the sting out of 
home-buying is the 
shared ownership 
scheme. Two families, who 
discovered the scheme, almost 
by accident, are the Mac- 
donalds and the Moodys. 

Brian Macdonald and his 
wife Teresa tried for some 
time to move on to the 
housing ladder from the 
Tower Hamlets council flat in 
East London in which they 
had lived for five years, and 
they suffered the frustrations 
faced by thousands of first- 
time buyers. 

First they were gazumped 
on one .property they could 
bave afforded, and then found 
that other suitable houses for 
the family — they now have 
four children — were too 
expensive. They had been 
hoping to buy, and saved as 
much as possible, but, as Mr 
Macdonald explained: 
"House prices were rising 
faster than I could save, and it 
was getting harder to find 

. They looked at a house in 
Stratford, in the neighbouring 
borough of Newham, but to 
buy that without sufficient 
savings meant a big mortgage 
with payments of more than 
£500 a month which Mr 
Macdonald, a contracts man- 
ager with a shopfitting com- 
pany, could not afford. 

Alter reading an item in the 
local newspaper about a 
shared ownership scheme in 
nearby Bow, the Macdonalds 
were put in touch with the 
Boleyn and Forest Housing 
Society, an offshoot of the 
East London Housing Associ- 

Times reporting team: 

Jack Crossley, 
Christopher Warman, 
David Cross and 
Michael Dynes 

ation. only to be told in July 
last year that the houses on a 
development called Alestan 
Beck, West Beckton, had all 
been taken. 

A few days later they were 
told that one sale had fallen 
through. They immediately 
handed over a £100 holding 
deposit and in a matter of 
weeks they had moved in to a 
three-bedroom town house 
with integral garage and one of 
the biggest gardens on the 
development The Macdon- 
alds now live on a develop- 
ment whose success was 
marked this summer by a visit 
from the Duke of Edinburgh, 
patron of the National Federa- 
tion of Housing Associations. 

The shared ownership deal 
that made it possible was for a 
90 per cent mortgage with the 
Nationwide Building Society, 

‘Prices rose 
faster than I 
could save’ 

paying rent for the Remaining 
10 per cent of the value of the 
house, which cost £42^00. 
The 25-year mortgage was 
split half and half between the 
current variable interest rate 
and a 4 per cent index-linked 
rate, which means paying 
£190.48 for the former and 
£102.05 for the index-linked 
part, a total of £292.53. Rent 
was assessed at £133.32 per 
annum, which with manage- 
ment costs gives a monthly 
rent of £22.90, and total 
outgoings for the house of 
£315.43. • 

Having done that for a year, 
the Macdonalds are now going 
ah ead to purchase the remain- 
ing 10 per cent — a process 
known as " staircasing”. Until 
recently many owners were 
reluctant to commit them- 

selves to buying outright be- 
cause they could lose the 
beneficial index-linked part of 
the mortgage. That is now not 
the case, so the Macdonalds 
will add the last 10 per cent to 
to the conventional part of the 
mortgage as they must, which 
will increase that part of the 
mortgage to £242.45. 

The house had to be valued 
for this transaction. The Dis- 
trict Valuer said it was worth 
£52,500, an increase of more 
than 20 per cent in just over a 
year. The building society 
gave a figure of £54,000 — and 
a local estate agent put it at 

Mr Macdonald believes he 
was fortunate to find out 
about the shared ownership 
scheme. “It does not seem to 
be well known or well publi- 
cized. I think it should be 
advertised more widely." 

His main problem, now that 
he is a total house-owner, is 
one all others know about — 
the rates. His bill from New- 
ham council is more than 
£1,000 a year. 

The second couple, Mr and 
Mrs Tony Moody, admit that 
they are not great savers. “We 
live for today," said Mrs 
Moody, a 32-year-old com- 
puter operator. 

So when they were about to 
get married two years ago and 
woe looking for a home in the 
London docklands area, they 
had no savings behind them. 
They were looking for some- 
thing under £35,000, without 

Then they heard about a 
shared ownership scheme 
worked out by the Nationwide 
Building Society and the East 
London Housing Association 
which would enable them to 
buy a two-bedroom cottage- 
style semi in nearby West 
Beckton for nearly £2,000 
more than they thought they 
could afford. 

“We both earn good money 
(Tony, aged 36, is a‘ self- 

Cardiff leads the way 

a *. .. 

House ownership at last Brian and Teresa Macdonald at 
home with two of their children, John and Michelle 

employed lorry driver) but we 
wanted our mortgage to be 
based on just one of our 
wages," she said. This was 
because they wanted to start a 
family immediately. 

Under the scheme then- 
total monthly payments, 
excluding rates, are now £278. 
Of this £258 goes to Nation- 
wide to repay a £33,210 
mortgage on 90 per cent of the 
initial value of their home. 

Half the loan is a traditional 
repayment mortgage, and to 
keep monthly instalments as 

low as possible for the first few 
years the other half is funded 
by a cheaper “index-linked" 
mortgage adjusted regulariy to 
take account of the prevailing 
inflation rale. The latter cur- 
rently works out at about 7 per 
cent According to a Nation- 
wide spokeswoman, this 
arrangement is about £50 a 
' month cheaper than a fuff, 
conventional 90 per cent 

The other 10 percent is paid 
to East London in the form of 
a monthly rent of about £20. 

T he prototype for the 
Government's ini- 
tiative to mix public 
and private funds on 
boosing develop- 
ments, and its “right to rent" 
policy, is a £15 million Trea- 
sury-approved scheme in Car- 
diff where the Conservative- 
controlled Cardiff City 
Council, two housing associ- 
ations and the Halifax Budd- 
ing Society are combining to 
provide up to 700 houses on a 
36-acre site. 

The houses will be let on 
“assured tenancies", which 
give security of tenure but are 
free of rent control and are 

based on “fair rents" which 
rise with inflation. 

Until now, any scheme 
involving private-sector fi- 
nance received no Housing 
Corporation grant, but the 
breakthrough is that the public 
stake will be around -30 per 
cent, leaving the private sector 
to provide the remaining 70 

The Labour-controlled 
Hounslow council in west 
London has sold 21 acres of 
land to a consortium which is 
to build the largest mixed- 
tenure boosing scheme in 
Britain. Of 422 new homes on 
the site, which is to the south 

of Heathrow airport, 127 will 
be for rent and the remainder 
sold at less than the market 

Hounslow council sold the 
lan d to a consortium of six 
housing associations for £3 
million, and the cost will be 
met by the Housing Corpora- 
tion, three building societies, 
and the London Area Mobility 
Scheme funded by London 
boroughs. The council will 
nominate people on its wait- 
ing list to all the types of 
housing, which means it will 
be encouraging some who 
have applied to rent a home 
from the council to buy one. 


The first step on to the 
boosing ladder is becoming 
more of a leap for more and 
more people. Sales of houses 
to first-time buyers in 1986 are 
likely to be in fine with figures 
which show a decline from 64 
per cent in 1982 to 34 pa- cent 
in 1985. 

It is a bleak prospect, and 
one that Js unlikely to change 
dramatically unless more land 
can be released for budding, 
along with increased r e nting 
and shared ownership- 

In the meantime, first-time 
buyers are anxious to get into 
the market before prices spiral 
even further out of reach— and 
there is keen competition to 
capture them as customers. It 
is a heady mixture and its 
consequences can be measured 
in the sharp increase in 

But there are ways of easing 
the pain and avoiding the 
dangers. For first-time buyers 
a simple booklet, “Buying a 
Home”, is justifiably self- 
described as “a valuable ally 
through the minefield of mort- 
gage problems" and is pub- 
lished by SHAC, the London 
Housing Aid Centre (189a, 

Old Br o mp to n Road, Loudon 
SW5 OAR). 

The Home Loan Scheme — 
an almost onpublicized 
scheme set up by the Labour 
Government in 1978 — offers a 
tax-free bonus of up to £110 
and a five-year interest-free 
loan of £600. There is an 
argument for increasing the 
benefits of this scheme be- 

to capture 

canse it has not kept pace with 
inflation, but the Government 
has no plans to do so. Forms 
are available from building 
societies and savings h an ky. 

Some builders still offer 
package deals, which can in- 
clude .free legal services, fit- 
tings and eqwpmeut, and 100 
per cent mortgages. There is a 
danger here if the buyer 
should need to move within a 
few years because it can 
become difficult to seO without 
moling a toss and fai l in g to 
recoup the value of the pack- 

age. However, it can provide 
the answer for a patient buyer. 
Write to the New Homes 
Marketing Board, 82, New 
Cavendish Street, London 

The Government is enthu- 
siastic about shared owner- 
ship, operated through 
housing associations, in which 
tiie buyer owns part of the 
house and rents the rest. Write 
to the National Federation of 
Housing Associations, 175, 
Grays Inn Road, London 

Building societies and 
banks offer advice, and tbe 
Nationwide, now to merge with 
Anglia, has jnst published a 
step-by-step guide, “The 
Home Buyers Handbook". 
The society’s rule-of-thumb 
loan policy is three times the 
main income plus die amount 
of a second income. The 
booklet is available from 
Nationwide branches. 

The New Homes Marketing 
Board, an offshoot of the 
House-Builders Federation, 
exists to encourage people to 
buy new bouses, and gives 
advice on where developments 
are under way, where houses 
are available and what they 

Cream tip No. 50 

That was the Year that wasn’t 

Make some 
midwinter magic. 

Yuletide Chicken. 

- Tkke a break from this monthfe 

hectic pace with this simple chicken dish. 
Arrange 4 chicken portions in a shallow baking 
dish. Blend 150ml [Vt pint) fresh Single Cream with half 
a can of condensed 'mushroom soup. 

Stir in a little crushed garlic, salt and pepper and 
then pour over the chicken. 

Bake at 180°C (350°F), Mark 4 for 45 minutes. 

Serve with jacket potatoes and salad. 

T hey say no cause can be 
considered truly lost un- 
til it has had a -year 
devoted to it, and in 1986, 
Britain's “industrial 
revolution” has proved no 
exception. But as Industry 
Year marches into 1 987 under 
tbe new banner of “Industry 
Matters", for a scaled down 
continuation of the campaign, 
what of all the other incarna- 
• tions of 1 986? What really was 
the year that was? 

1986 was: Industry Year, 
Energy Efficiency Year, Euro- 
pean Road Safety Year, Na- 
tional Bat Year and 
■ International Year of Peace. 
More modestly, next year is so 
for designated International 
, Year of Shelter for Homeless 
People and, from March, 
European Year of the 
Environment. Unless of 
course, you know better. It 
seems there is nothing to stop 
you calling 1987 whatever you 
please, although if you want 
anybody to know about it you 
will need more than a little 
publicity-seeking muscle, and 
preferably an organization or 
so behind you. 

It is unlikely, of course, that 
you will be able to muster the 
clout ot, say, the United 
Nations — over 150 member 
states from Afghanistan to 
Zimbabwe. It was the UN that 

Mike Harskin 

Mike Harskin is Liberal 
prospective parliamentary 
candidate for Brent South, not 
a Liberal councillor as stated 
in Spectrum (December 15). 

brought you “Peace" in 1986 
and “Shelter" for 1987, not to 
mention Years of Education 
in 1970, Women in 1975. and 
Youth in 1985. 

The coming year, in fact, 
marks the 30th anniversary of 
the Year to begin all Years; 
now seen as the beginning of a 

trend which snowballed, 
International Geophysical 
Year took place in 1957. 
Organized by the World 
Meterological Office (WMO), 
it ran, illogically, from July 1 
1957 to December 31 1958. Its 
practical endeavour was to 
centralize, standardize and 
publish the meteorological 
observations of tbe WMO’s 97 
member states. 

A fter that came World 
Refuge Year 1959, 
World Mental Heath 
Year in I960, and Inter- 
national Health and Medical 
Research Year in 1961. As the 
motivating effects of a fixed 
time to focus on became 
apparent, and with any 
organization entitled to pro* 
pose a Year, scarcely a Christ- 
mas went by without a new 
worthy cause waiting on the 

As early as 1968 there were 
rumblings from the UN's 
Economic and Social Council 
that things were getting out of 
hand. A decade later the 
Council had managed to pro- 
voke a resolution from the 
General Assembly to “instruct 
its subsidiary bodies to pro- 
pose the designation of inter- 
national years only on the 
most important occasions, 

L where possible, to propose 
lead, celebrations of brief 

t made no difference. The 
y next year, in 1979, the 
id was celebrating two UN 
us at- the same time, the 
irrational Year of the 
Id and the International 
ir of Solidarity with the 

iple of Namibia. As for 
ilebrations of brief 
ation" today we are now 
the midst of no less than 
it full-scale “Decades” 
gingfrom the International 
hiring Water Supply and 
i tad on Decade to the 
ited Nations Decade of. 
abfed Persons. 

/ho is to say, however, that 
more is not the merrier? 
lb Howes was both 
trmation officer at the 
^national Year of Dis- 
•d Persons in 1981 (which 
ame a Decade), and 
soltant director of the 
cfa-trumpeted British Film 
trin 1985. 

le believes that Years, 
iperly run, can be 
/olutionary”. They raise 
eolations by “being para- 
ically “essentially anti- 
Jblishment even if they 
e been backed by the 

be end of the Year should 
be a time for celebration, 
ires says. “If it is success- 
it should leave an un- 
lfbrtable feeling among the • 
mirations involved, be- 
se they will have had to 
: things they didn’t nec- 
urily want to." Whether it 

■ - -* - — ikft Jinn nnarf 

(ems aired don’t go away. 

Y ears are often looking 
for radical changes 
British Film Year was 
nominally “non-lobbying," 
but its name was used as the 
banner for protests on any- 
thing from cinema closures to 
lack of government financing 
for film production. As Howes 
says “It’s like putting a spade 
in very dry soil — you have to 
churn things op." 

With each' Year, thin# 
seem to be churning a little 
longer. It is not only Industry 

UJ May iw$o, long after its 
budget was exhausted. The 
government Energy Efficiency 
Year, which claims to have 
had over 1 50,000 responses to 
its adverts, is keeping its 
hotline open till March and 
retaining its education pro- 
gramme in schools. Even Na- 
tional Bat Year flits on. 

No wonder, then, if Chinese 
km™* pr 5 [ ? lrin e K> honour 

“ Insc ™ abl * 

Stephanie BUlen 

© Tha “ HwnpapM LM 1988 


1 Cask (6) 

5 Silent (4) 

8 Due (5) 

9 Twining stem (7) 

11 Gentlyfl?) 

13 Effervescence (4) 

15 Italian Thousand 

leader (9) 

18 Solitary (4) m 

19 Aubergine (8) M 

22 Nazi secret poEce (7) pS 

23 Organ theme (S) 

24 -Detect (4) 

25 Nestle (6) 


2 Foreign (5) 

3 Local paper (3) 

4 oiter defeat rite 

5 Heed (4) . 

6 Bus route ends (7) 
*7 Uncertainty (5) 

10 Indolent (4) 

12 Cult leader (4i 

14 Smaek (4) 

15 First OT book (7) 

16 Bullet (4) 


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Joe Bardsley, aged IS, is tairiwg 
seven O levels next summer. He 
lives with his family in Worthing 
where his mother runs a drama 
school. About eight months ago be 
nearly killed himself with alcohol. 
Last Easter be and his friends 
started to buy bottles of vodka. “I 
thought it would m^ir* me seem 
older than I was,” says Joe. One 
Friday night they bad mare money 
than usual and bought two litres. 

Joe and a friend drank most of it 
between them. “We went marching 
down the street drinking away, 
throwing stones. We smash ed the 
vodka bottle, kicked a supermarket 
trolley around, then went down to 
the beach. I thought, I think I’m a 
bit too drunk. I remember sitting 
down and then that’s all 1 

Joe had not quite passed out. He 
fell flat on the concrete promenade, 
lacerating his hands and fece. Then 
be got up, staggered into the road, 
and was run clown by a passing 
cyclist. He was taken to hospital 
covered in blood and vomit The 
time was 9pm, and until 5am next 
day Joe showed no reflexes of any 
kind. He took three weeks to 

He still has scars, and is chas- 
tened by the knowledge that if he 
had been left to “sleep it off" he 
could well have died of alcoholic 
poisoning or inhalation of vomit, 
thus joining the thousand other 
young people who die from alcohol 
each year. 

“I'm a bit upset because I didn’t 
know that drinking could kill 
people," he says. “They tell you 
about drugs at school and on 
television, but nobody tells yon 
much about drinking. Everyone 
sort of accepts it” 

Alcohol is Britain’s third largest 
killer. It kills 10 tunes as many 
youngsters as heroin and cocaine 
combined. Two-thirds of drug- 
related deaths — such as Olivia 
Channon’s — also involve alcohol. 

In the last 10 years the use of 
alcohol has reduced the average life 
expectancy of Britain’s 16 to 24- 
year-olds. Car crashes involving, 
drunk drivers, for example, are the 
main cause of death of young 
people over 16L 

The Government has spent 
£17 millio n fighting heroin and 
cocaine abuse.' Apart from the 
annual drink-driving campaign, it 
has spent only £750,000 on cam- 
paigns against general alcohol 
abuse. It is sprading precisely 
nothing on the fij^t against tee n a g e 
drinking. Ironically, just one alco- 
holic beverage advertising cam- 
paign can cost more than 

£1 milli on. 

Earlier this month the Gov- 
ernment was forced to acknowt- 

Alcohol kills 10 
times more 
teenagers than 
heroin. So why, 
Jenny Woolf 
asks, are the 
statistics being 

edge the extent of the teenage 
drinking problem. A Departme n t 
of Health and Social Security 
inquiry among nearly 5,000 young- 
sters aged between 13 and 17, 
reported that 29 per cent of 13- 
year-old boys and 11 per cent of 13- 
year-old girls said they drank al 
least once a week. The proportion 
rose to 52 and 37 per cent 
respectively by the age of 15. 

About <me third of boys and a 
quarter of girls aged 13 said they 
had been “very drunk" at least 
once in the previous year. One in 
10 of the 13-year-old boys said they 

6 Precisely 
nothing has been 
spent to stop 
kids d rinking 5 

had committed acts of vandalism 
or attracted police attention after 
drinking too much. 

Drug agencies working with 
youngsters report that teenagers are 
abusing alcohol in a way that has 
more in common with drug-taking 
than adult alcoholism. Andrew 
Fraser, director of Drug Advice 
and Information Service, a Gov- 
ernment-funded drug agency in 
Brighton, says: “Young people 
drink in a different sent of way 
from adults. Adult alcoholics drink 
regularly and their problems are 
long-term — brain and liver dam- 
age, job loss, family breakupi 

“Young people tend to have 
binges where they drink massive 
amounts. They may get into trou- 
ble with the law or fece sudden 
disablement or death." 

Drinking too much is one way 

for young people to show off but 
the differences between teenage 
drinking today and in the past lie in 
the age that they start, the advertis- 
ing hard-sell they fece and their 
lack of alternatives to the pub. 

' A nationwide survey by Exeter 
University repeated that by the age 
of II, 56 per cent of boys and 29 
per amt of girls drank alcohol at 
least once a week. The Medical 
Council on Alcoholism found that 
in the previous year, 10 per cent of 
15-year-old boys had, at least once, 
been so drank that they could not 
remember what had happened. 

The coffee bars where their 
parents met have disappeared and 
fast-food joints now kick out 
teenagers when they gather in 
groups. Young people soon dis- 
cover which pub landlords turn a 
Mind eye to under-age drinking — 
many places which can't attract 
adult customers need teenage cus- 
tom to survive. 

There are a few one-off alter- 
natives to the pub —a “fun pub" in 
Manchester, and Worthing’s Parrot 
and Palm cocktail dub, a success- 
ful and profitable selfhelp no- 
alcohol place for 14 to 24-year-olds. 
Joe goes, and he says it’s good, but 
most other towns have nowhere for 
older teenagers to go. 

Joe says: “Ask a young person 
whether heroin or alcohol is more 
dangerous, and he’ll say heroin, 
because he’s seen the horror ads. So 
why don't we see drink ads about 
people setting themselves on fire or 
crashing their cars or choking to 
death on vomit?” 

Alcohol-promoting advertise- 
ments are most disturbing, given 
the disastrous effects of drink on so 
many teenagers. Naturally, 
advertising men are sensitive to 
criticisms of their multi-million 
pound campaig ns. They are, they 
say, always conscious of the British 


' N, ft _ 


V ; ■ :: 

a * 



say, always conscious of the British 
Code of Advertising Practice; 
which forbids them to portray 
alcohol as attractive to under-lSs. 
Many teenagers drink because they 
are tense with the opposite sex, and 
die code also forbids the associ- 
ation of sexual success with 

McCann Erickson’s latest poster 
for Martini features a young bfldnir 
dad body with the head omitted. 
Andrew Shingteton, the firm’s 
advertising account director, said: 
“I don’t realty think there’s any 
link between sexual attractiveness 
and our ad. Anyway, if people 
don’t like it, they can always 
complain to the Advertising Stan- 
dards Authority." 

Don Steele, director of Action on 
Alcohol Abuse, the independently 
funded alcohol pressure group, has 
had long experience of objecting to 
the ASA about alcohol advertise- 

ments. “By the time the ASA 
responds, the campaign's usually 
over," he says. “And it’s almost 
impossible to prove that something 
for over- 18s appeals equally to 
younger people." 

The argument that drink 
advertisements are for over- 18s 
certainly does not impress Joe. He 
says: “Whoever they are officially 
aimed at, they appeal to people 
who like pop music and going out 
with their friends, joking, wearing 
smart T-shirts — obviously people 
from about 13 up." 

Sir George Young, who was 
junior health minister between 
1979 and 1981, is considered by 
health education professionals to 
have made real efforts to tackle the 
problems of cigarettes and alcohol 
abuse. He says: “Young people kill 
themselves in a -different way to 
older people, and one must tackle 
their problem differently. Ifs hope- 
less ordering them not to drink — 
you should try to get the message 
across that drinking isn't smart 

“The facts about alcohol should 
be readily available to them. I'm all 
in favour of hitting the advertising 
industry over the head a bit about 
this. There should be promotion of 
alternatives to going down to the 

pub and getting plastered. There 
. should also be a strategy on price, 
• because if the price goes up, 
demand will feH. 

“This package will cost money, 
but I have no idea how much. The 
first step should bea survey to find 
out what the situation is, then what 
it will cost.” 

Action on Alcohol Abuse is now 
.seeking money to conduct such a 

£ Alcohol has 
reduced the life 
expectancy of 16 
to 24-year-olds 9 

survey. It will not receive any 
Government funding. The Youth 
Service, which should be providing 
younsters with alternatives to the 
pub. has no money and is demor- 
alized. Most of the alcohol teaching 
material available to schools is 
sponsored by drinks companies, 
with the expected omissions and 

Most drug projects are not 
equipped to deal with alcohol 

problems and there are no Gov- 
ernment-funded projects for young 
problem drinkers, despite the feet 
that the alcohol excise duty earns 
the Government £16,000 million a 

Alcohol workers were dismayed 
at a recent television statement by 
the present junior health minister, 
Edwina Currie, that: “Alcohol is 
one of the best things the Good 
Lord has given us.” Since the 
DHSS report, however, sbe has 
said: “We recognize that alcohol 
used wisely and within the law is 
not harmful, but there is a need to 
safeguard our young people against 
the dangers of alcohol misuse." 

Sir George Young says: “The 
Government should get its act 
together with a coherent policy on 

When you add up the thousand 
young people killed by alcohol last 
year, the several more thousands 
who were permanently disabled, 
and the millions more who fece a 
future of dependency and health 
problems, it is hard to disagree 
with Sir George. But, as yet, there 
are few encouraging signs that the 
Government is about to do any- 
thing at an 

© Timaa NMHnMi United 1988 

Not so great 

Jenni Murray becomes the new voice of Radio 4’s Today 

I asked a psychiatrist friend 
whether he would like to come 
round for a drink during this 
holiday season. He asked me 
if I was crazy — a stupid 
question since he should have 
bee® able to tell, one way ra- 
the other. 

It appeared that he could 
not snatch a moment to gulp a 
glass of champagne ami a 
stuffed mnshroom because as 
the year ends, his busiest time 
begins. In feet, from Christ- 
mas Eve until January 2, he 
feels as though he is ramting 
the efaina department at 
Harrods, all by himself, on 
the first day of the sale. 

For this is the season when 
people drat like themselves 
very ranch and like other 
people even less. In feet, they 
proteWy ring up their psychi- 
atrists just to escape linkin g 
arms with their husbands for 
“Add Lang Syne". Unfortu- 
nately, it is also the season 
when nobody is allowed to get 
into bed atone with only a 
glass of brandy, which is 
about the only thing that 
could make us feel that we 

rtfmfri get through another day 

without crushing one of the 
Christmas tree or name nts 

and slicing our wrists with the 


It is all a matter of every- 
thing fatting to live up to our 
expectations. Although, why 
we shook! expect food to be 
delirious, friends to stay so- 
ber and families to act upon 
our every desire jnstbmwse 
it is the deep midwinter, I 
cannot think. 

I have got used to nothing 
living op to my expectations 
for fully 365 days a year, 
including myself alttoog® l 
still get very disappointed 
every time I realize that run 
not talk I often leave the 
house feeling quite, willowy, a 
feeling that melts away as 
soon as I stand next to 
somebody else. 
who are the peopfe l 
find myself standing ne** n, 
seem to average out at about 
six foot four. Something dic- 
tates that little boys brought 
up on good food and fresh air 
grow up to be important aim 
strapping 1® the world 

of books. 


They also force me to fewer 
my expectations further by 
not offerii tg me big bucks to 
go to the west of Ireland and 
produce a slim volume of 
short stories. Instead, they 
suggest a pittance to write 
multi-volume histories of tire 
women's movement. 

The way to keep one’s 
expectations under control is 
not to look forward to any- 
thing, especially holidays and 
men, which, next to Christ- 
mas, are probably the two 
main areas which have 
women taming hp at foe 
neighbourhood psychiatric 
centre without an appoint- 

Just as long as one can 
keep things in perspective, 
one will not be destroyed by 
rain slashing down the ski 
slopes or food poisoning 

putting a stop to a gormandiz- 
ing tour of France. Nor will 
one mind too much if a man 
who seemed more or less 
soigni at first meeting turns 
ont to be 37 going on 12%. 
After all, what is a single 
evening, spent discussing 
white-wafted _ tyres, our of 
one’s whole life? 

The anfortnnate thing 
about expectations is that 
they are always zooming up- 
wards without rhyme or rea- 
son, a sure recipe for team 
before bedtime. For as soon- 
one race enigmatically but 
sagaciously remarked; “It’s 
hard, when you've been prom- 
ised the moon, to end ap with 
a tin of fruit” 

J enni Murray was suffering 
from the broadcaster’s 
nightmare, the heavy 
cold, but she hardly let it show 
as she presented Woman’s 
Hour from Studio B9, in the 
bowels of Broadcasting 
House. Listeners heard noth- 
ing of the coughs and the 
sniffles, only the warm, re- 
assuring, professional voice: 

She interviewed a studio 
guest about a campaign for 
maternity rights. The pro- 
ducer kept on about overrun- 
ning but at 3pm precisely, 
Jenni Murray wished her lis- 
teners goodbye, shed her head- 
phones and another pro- 
gramme was over. 

Another casually immacu- 
late job. Jenni Murray could 
unwind and not worry about 
coughing over the air or, as she 
once did in her early days in 
local radio, collapse in a fit of 
giggles. She was doing a show 
called Pets Phone-in and a 
woman rang in about the toad 
in her garden. The creature 
was in the process of mating 
and had become stuck the 
wrong way up. All was de- 
scribed in intimate detail. 
Hearing the titters at the other 
end of the line, the caller said: 
“I do hope you realize this is 
very serious. Miss Murray." 
Too late. Miss Murray was by 
now in hysterics. The episode 
was taped and found its way 
on to the in-fiight entertain- 
ment of British Airways. 

F rom January 3, Jenni 
Murray wiD be putting 
toads behind her as she 
follows such luminaries as 
Jack de Manio, Brian Red- 
head and John Timpson as a 
regular presenter of Radio 4’s 
Today programme. She will 
set the alarm for 3am, drive 
through deserted Loudon *• 
streets and, at a tune of day £ 
most of us find mdeooit, be Morning calls: a challenging 
bright and articulate before up 

to three million listener*, who and -a- half-year-old son, Ed- 

Early bird 
joins the 
dawn chorus 

was hardly compatible with 
family life so when Edward 
was born be decided to leave 
the Navy and now runs an art 
gallery in north London. 

Jenni Murray is 36, dark 
and jolly, and you would I 
never guess from her lack of 
Yorkshire accent that she was 
born and bred La Barnsley. As 
a girl she vaguely wanted to be 
an actress, and sbe studied 
drama at Hull University. 

Eventually, she came to the 
conclusion that she would be 
hard pressed to earn a living 
on the stage; her practical side 
took over. She set out to 
become a journalist and 
joined Radio Bristol as a copy- 


What will we be 
wearing in the 
1990s? Designer 
Jean-Paul Gaultier 
reveals all... 





Front Phttlipa Barton, 
Godfrey Street, 

London, SW3 3SX 

The complacency of Mrs 
Joan Parfces reminiscing 
about rearing her twins in 
1955 is really qnite dreadful 
(Talkback, Monday Page, 
December 22). This is 1986 

and on another page you 
report that even two years ago 
nearly two million children 
were tiring in families depen- 
dent on supplementary bene- 
fit, with the trend increasing. 

Today’s parents of twins, 
triplets, quads and more don't 
have to be single, unemployed 
or low-paid to suffer hardship 
though if they are any of 
those things their plight is 
even greater. For many of 
them the arrival of an instant 
family creates considerable 
stresses, not only financial 
but physical and emotional. 
We know a lot move about 
these stresses on family life 
than we did 30 or 40 years 


The existence of the Twins 
and Multiple Births Associ- 
ation (mention of which gave 
rise to Mrs Parkes’s letter) Is 
evidence of parents' need for 
support - would that there 
had been such an organiza- 
tion when our twins were 
born. Most families with 
multiple children do manage 
and can eqjoy the tremendous 
fun generated by their 
simultaneous offspring — 
when they have time. The 
exceptions, such as the recent 
•case in Catterick where the 
mother coaldn't cope and the 
twins starved to death, are a 
tragic reminder of what some 
may suffer under pressure. 
The risk of a birth-damaged 
baby is greater with twins and 
more, though with better 
.medical care many more snr- 
Irive; it may be the sibling^) 
who experience as many 
problems as the handicapped 
child. I 

New fertility techniques 
have led to a great increase in 
the number of instant fam- 
ilies. Ongoing research by the 
International Society for 
Twin Studies is producing a 
great deal of new information 
about the particular needs of 
families with multiple births 

But it isn’t the myth of 
“double trouble" that con- 
cerns the parents. It’s the 
wear and tear on family life, 
the enormous cost for at least 
16 years of providing warmth, 
clothes, food, shoes, equip- 
ment, house-room, travel and 
everything else for several 
simultaneous children. Not to 
mention the physical and 
emotional stresses of sorting 
eat relationships in snefa a 
complex situation wife chil- 
dren who are the same yet 
different Recent television 
programmes have fflnstrated 
the fact that marital partner- 
ships do not always survive 
fee experience. These are the 
realities — we can’t all be as 
dever at managing as Mrs 
Parkes was 30 years ago. 

W ithin two years she 
was on fee air with 
her own programme, 
five days a week and loving 
every minute. She moved to 
television to do regional pro- 
grammes from Southampton, 
then became known nation- 
ally as a member of the 
Newsnight team. 

Now sbe is concentrating on 
radio again and it is a con- 
scious decision. “In television 
everything becomes so com- 
plex. It takes so much longer. 
In radio there is just an editor, 
a microphone and you. No 
one worries what you look 
like, and for a woman that is 
terribly importanL On tele- 
vision fee colour of your eyes 
becomes more important than 
what you are saying. 

“Even my mother would 
ring up and say how nice my 
hair looked and f would say 
'but what about the interview 
with Norman Tebbil? And 
she couldn’t remember a word 
of it. But on Newsnight 1 did 
several film reports from a 
woman’s point of view and it 
was good to get letters from 
women, saying that at last 
women journalists were being 
taken seriously. 

“Television still trivializes 
women. Look at Angela 
Rippon and her quizzes, or 
Selina Scon and her clothes 
show. Only Sue Lawley has 
really stuck it out in news. Or 
look at Julia Somerville. She 
was an industrial corres- 
pondent, for goodness sake. 
But she goes on the Nine 
O'clock News and she make- 
up people get ai her and she is 
looking more tike Krystle 
Carrington every day." 

Peter Waymark 

Morning calls: a challenging career move for Jean! Moray 

usually include Mrs Thatcher, ward, “the ultimate handful". 

Jenni Murray says Today is When she was expecting 
where she most wanted to be. Edward, she was a presenter 
“Z have always listened to the and reporter on the regional 
programme, it has been part of programme. South Today, in 
my life, and suddenly there I Southampton. She worked, 
am doing it.” She is looking viably pregnant, almost right 
forward-to the excitement and up to the birth, and was back 
unpredictability of handling on screen a few weeks after- 
live news. She will launch the wards. It produced the biggest 
new Saturday edition with crop of abusive mail she has 
John Hnmphrys. ever received, mainly on foe 

The early start holds no tines of “why aren't you at 
fears and finishing at nine home looking after your 
means she will see more of her baby?" and “can’t your hus- 
femily, especially her three- band afford to keep your 

She was not just upset, she 
was furious. Furious that in 
1983 people could still find it 
strange feat a woman could go 
back to work after having a 
baby. “Some women are 
happy to stay at home and 
that's their choice. But it's not 
one I could ever make. And it 
is a terrible duty to expect a 
man to keep you." 

Jenni Murray's husband, 
David, is a former naval 
officer. He was a submariner 
who used to spend three or 
four months away, under- 
water and incommunicado. Il 

You’ll get caught up 
in Politics on the way 

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For all those interested in books it is 

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Mills and 

Coming up 

Kenneth Baker's strictures against 
sex education in the classroom are 
clearly not being heeded at the 
adult teaching level. Evening 
classes this spring at the Working 
Men's College in Crowndale 
Road, Camden, will include a 14- 
week programme on “Lesbian 
Existence”, which the prospectus 
describes as offering, among other 
things, “validation and support to 
women just coming out”. Rather 
outre for the working man, I 
would have thought but perhaps 
the borough's residents will prove ; 
me wrong. 

Bar one 

The mood of liberalism which — 
so we are told — is sweeping 
Russia has yet to extend to airport 
officials. Arriving in Moscow for a 
short period of study. Professor 
Michael Freeman was divested at 
customs ofWUliam Butler's Soviet 
Law ; the classic British work on 
the subject Subsequently he 
discovered the same work, in 
English, on the shelves of prom- 
inent Moscow lawyers and on sale 
in bookshops, so 1 can only 
conclude that it is not quite so 
subversive after all. 

Worlds apart 

My story about Danny Abse’s 
dismay at discovering his latest 
book of poems classified as “natu- 
ral history” has been matched, if 
not trumped, by Colin White of 
Leeds. He writes to say that his 
book, The World of the Nursery, 
has been placed by his local 
bookshop among “atlases”. 


“II started out as a hangover and 
ended up as designer stubble 1 

Late warning 


Robin Oakley on Mrs Thatcher’s sustained exploitation of political honours 

Anne Sofer 

To Sir, for toeing the line Nic Writtington 

pie race to enrich our literary 
lions becomes ever more frantic. 
The administrators of the Betty 
Trask award have just announced 
that the prize money on offer in 
1987 will surpass that of the 
coveted and infinitely more sol- 
emn Booker contest by £2,000. As 
readers of this column will recall, 
the “Trask” was set up with 
precisely the sum of according to 
young writers of romantic fiction a 
proper remuneration. The self- 
consciously literary Booker, which 
recently upped its lute from 
£10,000 to £15,000, must now 
look to its laurels if it is to regain 
its pre-eminence in the self- 
inflating fiction stakes; not only 
has the Trask acquired the ser- 
vices of novelist Monica Dickens 

as chairman of next year’s panel of 
judges but the other major award, 
the Whitbread, becomes the first 
to go through the £ 20,000 barrier, 
albeit to be shared between the 
winners of several sections. It 
cannot be long before the com- 
petition between the competitions 
becomes even more fervent than 
that between the entrants. 


Charles Morrison and Robin Maxwell-HysSop: one 
wet, the other a needle in the front bench 
flesh. Still Mr, and so they will probably remain 


and his cap 

Julian Aroery and Michael McNair- Wilson: loyal 
and long-serving. Could this week's 
Honours list at last bring them glad tidings ? 

The Conservative Party, it has 
been said, is divided into those 
who wish to become ministers 
quickly and those happy to be- 
come knights slowly. And Mrs 
Thatcher is wen aware of it 

In the New Year Honours list 
you can be sure that at least two, 
and probably four. Tory back- 
benchers wifi collect the distinc- 
tive handle which makes it just 
that little bit easier to get a table in 
a booked out restaurant or a 
position on the notepaper of an 
upwardly mobile company. 

In the merry days of Harold 
Macmillan. Labour MP Willie 
Hamilton has calculated, knight- 
hoods or peerages for Tory MPs 
averaged one a month. In the 13 
years of Tory rule which ended in 
1 964 a third of Conservative MPs 
collected some kind of political 
honour. Then came Harold Wil- 
son, and despite that infamous 
dissolution honours list which did 
so much to destroy his reputation, 
he officially abolished “political 
honours” (though some continued 
under another name). No baronet- 
cies were created after Labour 
came to power that year and only 
five backbenchers (one of them a 
Tory) received knighthoods be- 
tween 1966 and 1970. 

Edward Heath's period of four 
years in power saw only eight Tory 

MPs gain knighthoods (a contrib- 
utory (actor in his downfall?) and 
during the second Wilson term 
only two knighthoods went to 
backbenchers (one of them again a 
Tory). Not even in that controver- 
sial resignation list was there a 
backbench knighthood for politi- 
cal services. And only in his 
resignation honours list did James 
Callaghan bestow his first equiva- 
lent of a political knighthood, 
wickedly puncturing the left-wing 
credentials of Judith Hart by 
making her a Dame. 

Contrast that with Mrs Thatch- 
er's largesse. No fewer than 62 of 
those who were Tory MPs when 
she came to power in 1979 have 
received knighthoods — some as a 
consolation for losing ministerial 
office but mostly as a reward for 
sheer survival and not upsetting 
the whips. 

Of the Conservatives who en- 
tered the Commons before 1964 
and who are still MPs only ten 
have not been knighted. Of those, 
seven are former Cabinet min- 
isters and are now privy coun- 
cillors, carrying with it the exalted 
prefix Right Honourable, and so 
do not need the extra label. Of the 
other three, two are prominent 
Wets, Charles Morrison and Nor- 
man MiscampbelL, and the third is 

that mas ter of the. parliament ary 
small prin t Westminster's leading 
barrack-room lawyer, Robin Max- 
well-Hyslop. Definitely three 
members of the awkward squad. 

Look next as Mrs Thatcher and 
her advisers clearly did, at the 39 
Conservatives who entered Par- 
liament in October 1964. One is 
dead, 13 are out of the Commons 
and three have interrupted ser- 
vice. One is Mr Speaker 
Weatherill and another, Anthony 
Meyer, is a baronet anyway. Nine 
more have been ministers and are 
privy councillors. Of the remain- 
ing ten, eight have-already been 
given knighthoods. The two who 
have not are John Hum and 
Dennis Walters, both prominent 
rebels on a number of issues. 

The same pattern applies to the 
Tories who won by-elections in 
the period 1964-1970. Of the very 
early batch, only three are still in 
the Commons — Geoffrey Johrt- 
son-Smith, Michael Hamilton and 
Reg Eyre, and all have collected 
thir knighthoods. 

Or take the batch of 18 elected 
between 1966 and 1970-Seven are 
now oat of the House and one has 
had interrupted service. Of the 
remaining ten, four have been 
ministers , one is a baronet, and 
three have already been blighted. 
The other two are Julian Am cry 

and Michael McNair-Wilson; nei- 
ther is blown for rebellious ten- 
dencies and both mnst be hoping 
for an honour this time around. 

Among the Thatcher knights 
some, including Humphrey 
Atkins, Peter Blaker, the late 
Anthony Berry, Hugh Rossi, Ge- 
rard Vaughan, Reg Eyre, Geoffrey 
Rnsberg, the late Spencer le 
Marchant, Adam Butler and Mar- 
cus Fox, received their distinction 
after ministerial service. But for 
the most part the honours has 
gone to loyalist Thatcher back- 
benchers, though an occasional 
maverick like stockbroker and 
Africa hand Peter Tapsell has 
broken the pattern. 

Quite apart from recreating 
hereditary peerages for Viscount 
Whitefaw and Viscount Tony- 
pandy (the one with four daugh- 
ters, the other a bachelor), Mrs 
Thatcher has awarded an average 
of eight knighthoods for political 
service in every birthday and New 
Year honours list since 1979, and 
half of those have gone to MPs. 

There can be no donbL The 
political honours list is one of the 
tools of Conservative party 
management It is a tool that Mrs 
Thatcher has wielded with a will, 
and there is no reason to suppose 
she win not do so this rime. 

Bernard Levin: the way we live now 

Discredit where it is due 

The RAF may be happy about the 
prospect of getting Awacs but its 
American counterpart is getting 
hot under the collar with Boeing, 
who make it. The problem, curi- 
ously, has a marked similarity 40 
those of the Nimrod. The USAFS 
withholding more than $250 mil- 
lion in progress payments to 
contractors involved with the B- 
1B strategic bomber programme’ 
because the offensive avionics are 
not coming up to expectations. 

Horning in 

We all know he’s a literary 
polymath and a composer of no 
small note but I was still taken 
aback by the unequivocal cover of 
a recent Hutchinson paperback: 

An opera in four acts 
The tide page provided reassur- 
ance: he had, after all, only done 
an English translation and written 
an introduction. Even so, bis 
name is accorded larger type than 
the librettists, Meilhac and Ha- 
levy, and even of Bizet himself. 


In these days of contentious 
bishops, it is comforting to dis- 
cover that knitting is the favoured 
out-of-church activity of the 
Bishop of Leicester, Richard Rutt 
Such is his skill that he designed a 
special kniipack cardigan Jof the 
festive season. Entitled “Bishop's 
Jacket”, its distinctive flower de- 
sign is carried out in nine shades — 
misty pinks, blues, beige and grey. 
To pre-empt your enquiries, the 
pack comes mom Ries Wools in 
Holborn; all proceeds go to the 
Leicestershire Hospice charity. 
Loros; and it can be worn by either 

_ nuc.. 

Pharaoh didn’t know when he was 
well off. Only ten plagues? In this 
country, vast and well equipped 
armies, private as well as public, 
have turned the search for new 
horrors to warn the nation against 
into the most promising growth 
industry of our time, and every 
day, as they roam the land with 
their trained ferrets, their search is 
rewarded by the discovery or 
invention of at least a score of 
problems, dangers, deficiencies, 
threats, shortages, surpluses and 
potential disasters, each of which, 
let alone all of them together, will 
inevitably entail the collapse of 
civilization by the following 
Wednesday at the latest 
Everything we eat is poisonous; 
everything we drink is immoral; 
everything we touch is contami- 
nated; everything we smoke is 
fatal; everyone we go to bed with is 
diseased; every child is sexually 
abused; every adult is a racist; 
everyone who is not a drug addict 
is a drug pedlar; and every 
household that does not possess a 
colour television set, a compact 
disc player, a video recorder and a 
motor car is under-privileged 

The latest of these attempts to 
save us all from Satan’s power 
when we have gone astray sur- 
faced a few months ago; I whacked 
it on the head, but to no avail, for 
it immediately grew nine more 
beads, and it is now ravening 
about the country seeking prey to 
devour. Before it devours us all, 
let me have another, and this time 
a more comprehensive, whack. 

The subject is debt or, to look at 
it from the other end, credit 
People, it seems, are getting too 
much of the latter and therefore 
getting into too much of the 
former. Sir Gordon Borne, head 
of the Office of Fair Trading, 
recently hoisted the storm warn- 
ing (it was his jeremiad I was 
whacking), and he has returned to 
the subject though this time, I am 
glad to see, in a very considerably 
calmer tone of voice. 

Others have been less circum- 
spect Before I get down to detail, I 
must draw attention to the curious 
assumption which underlies — 
underlies because it is apparently 
taken so completely for granted 
that no need to argue it seems to 
trouble those putting it forward — 
the whole case. It is unanimously 
and without qualification as- 
sumed that when anyone gets into 
debt, the fault is entirely and 
always that of the lender, not of 
the borrower. 

Now the strangest thing about 
that assumption is that as for as I 
can see nobody thinks it is strange. 
There has been not a word from 
even the driest of Tories; the 
Adam Smith Institute is silent on 
the subject; the providers of credit 
have clearly decided that a seemly 
discretion is their most fitting 
defence; and everywhere one 
looks the holders of the assump- 
tion are masters of the field. 

Yet even they must surely 
realize that their assumption, right 
or wrong, is of remarkably recent 
birth, and that only a couple of 
decades ago it would have been 
regarded as very odd indeed by 
creditor and debtor alike. Whether 
the old attitude or the new one is- 
the more valid, so abrupt a 
turnaround is worth discussing, is 
it not? Yet I have seen not a word 
of such discussion; here, then, are 
quite a Lot of words to remedy the 

To start with, I offer a quotation 
from the author of a book on the 
subject, Ann Andrews, which I 
take from a feature on debt and 
credit in this very newspaper; the 
article was based on the ease with 
i^EjQr the writer, Lee Rodwell, 

managed to obtain a set of store 
credit cards giving her no less than, 
£ 8,000 of credit with practically no 

questions asked and certainly no 
security given. Interviewed by 
Miss RodweU, Miss Andrews said 

The trouble whh credit is that it 
erodes your normal common 
sense about money. It is made to 
look easy, attractive. If a store 
says you can have credit, you 
think that if they say it's all right it 
must be all right. 

Who is the “you” in that 
paragraph? It certainly isn't me; I 
have a horror of debt so extreme 
as to be almost pathological, and 
none of my massive collection of 
credit cards is really a credit card 
at all, since I invariably pay the 
bill, as I pay all bills, the moment 
it is presented. 

But no one has to be as weird as 
I am to see that getting into debt, 
and in particular getting dan- 
gerously deep into debt, is a very 
bad idea, however “easy, attract- 
ive” it may lot*. Why is it 
assumed that the only thing 
anyone faced with temptation can 
do is succumb to it? 

But that brings me to the heart 
of the mystery I have outlined. 
And there is unlikely to be a better 
illustration of the strangeness I 
speak of than a recent article in the 
Listener, written by Mr Martin 
Young, who presented a BBC 
television programme on the sub- 
ject of credit and its cards. I did 
not see it, but obviously the ideas 
on the screen must have been the 
same as those on the page, since 
they were the ideas of the same 
man, and the article was in effects 
summary of the programme. 

Mr Young quotes from two 
women he interviewed for the 
BBC The first. Rose, 

. . . owed £21,000 on a social 
security income of about £80 a 
week . . . Yet there are still places 
in the high street where Rose can 
extract credit whh almost no 
questions asked. It is an indica- 
tion of how desperate the retailers 
are for new customers — And in 
case the image of Rose suggests a 
feckless waster living off the state 
and squandering her money, it 
should be stated that nothing 
could be further from the truth. 
She is. in many ways, a fine 
example of Mrs Thatcher's enter- 
prise culture. 

I somehow thought that it 
would turn out to be all the fault of 

Mrs Thatcher, but before I suggest 
that it isn't, let me qnote a little 
more from Rose. Her excessive 
indebtedness began when her 
domestic problems led to her 
losing her job, so, she says, “it's 
just circumstances, really.” 

Now Rose has dearly had a very 
bad time; money worries follow- 
ing a divorce (and a mess>' one, by 
the sound of it) would lay most 
people low. She is plainly deserv- 
ing of sympathy, and she has 
mine. But that is not the end of the 

It must have been dear to her 
that whatever work she was likdy 
to get, £ 21,000 of debt would take 
years, if not decades, to pay off 
The crediunongers who extended 
such irrecoverable sums are fools, 
and I hope they lose the lot, 
together with the tad debts of all 
the others to whom they supplied 
credit on note of hand alone. But 
Rose walked into that £21,000 
hole by her own choke; a des- 
perate choice, no doubt, but has. 
The assumption behind Mr 
Young’s comments is that because 
the lenders lent her money she 
could not pay back, they are 
altogether morally to blame for the 
choice she made, and for her “if s 
just circumstances, really.” 

I ask again; what is to become of 
us, as individuals and as a nation, 
if we continue to assert that we are 
inanimate objects rather than' 


human beings, and that anything 
we do, from kicking the dog to 
getting into debt, and from getting 
into debt to cannibalism, is really 
nothing to do with us, but the fault 
either of other people, or — today 
even more frequently argued - 
“just circumstances, really.”? 

I turn now to the second debtor 
on Mr Young’s programme; 

ier*s enter- 

Sandxa was just 17 when she 
applied for her first credit card. 
To make ft legal, she pretended 
die was 18. That tittle burst of 
bravado certainly brightened up 
the tail-end of her teens, but it is 
already ruining her twenties. To- 
day Sandra owes over £3,000 on 
credit cards and loans .... 

Let us look more dosely at that 
passage, for the unconscious atti- 
tudes Mr Young displays are 
wonderfully revealing. “To make 
it legal, she pretended she was 18”; 
what be means, actually, is “To 
make it illegal” but he is so 
imbued with the belief that it is 
not her fault that he turns the 
situation upside down.Nor should 
we miss the significance of the 
word he uses to describe what she 
did: “bravado”. Come, let os all go 
swaggering mxo debt; we can have 
Cyrano's courage without bis 
nose, and there is no need 10 think 
of those who are lending us the 
money because it's their fault that 
we are unhappy. 

Now Sandra truly is unhappy. 
But within the catalogue of her 
sorrows unrolled by Mr Young, 
there is yet another nugget of 
unconscious irony on his part; at 
least, .it seems to have altogether 
escaped his waking notice: 

I have to pay £ 12 towards my debt 
a week. Twenty pounds for my 
rent Seven pounds for food- Five 
pounds for bills.' I pick up £ 68 , 
and I've got bus fores and I smoke 
as well, so it's very tight. 

I'm sure it is, and I 

sympathize. But has not the list 
turned into one of those quiz 
questions which have the form of 
“Spot the odd one out”? She must. 

of course, pay her instalment on 
s the debt. She must, naturally, have 
r somewhere to live: She must, 
certainly, eat. To get to work she 
most, assuredly, pay her fore: And 
a fiver for everything else is link 
indeed. But — and here I brace 
myself for the r eproaches — does 
she have to smoke? Are the 
cigarette sellers forcing her, with 
blackmail, threats of violence, to 
boy their wares? Physicians of the 
utmost feme assure us that smok- 
ing is bad for us, and I believe 
them; giving up cigarettes would 
be wise as well as honest But even 
if smoking was the very best route 
to healthy longevity, doesn't 
something come before her simple 
pleasure — that is, paying off her 
debt at perhaps £13 a week instead 
of 12 ? 

I said I braced myself for the 
reproaches, and I know they are 
on the way. Many people, follows 
mg the path I have been discuss- 
ing, have by now rendered them- 
selves incapable of seeing that 
there is something blameworthy 
in r unning up a bill and not 
potting its repayment above 
everything except genuine necessi- 
ties, however modest the luxuries. 
The reason they cannot see the 
blameworthiness is that they have , 
forgotten the very concept of i 
Marne, because they have forgot- 
ten, or been taught to ignore, the 
concept of responsibility. 

Let us go back to Rose for a 
moment With all her debts, Mr 
Young says 1 indignantly, “there are 
stfll places in the high street where 
Rose can extract credit with 
almost no questions asked.” The 
more fools they, as J have said 
already. But why does it follow 
that if people can extract credit 
they will, or even must, extract it? 
Why (I quote from another pas- 
sage in Mr Young's article) is it 
matter for outrage that “credit is 
not only freely available but 
forced into your eager tittle 
hand”? Why can you not clench 
that little hand into a fist, so that 
no credit can be forced into it? 

And this whole story is not the 
worst How many times, in the last 
few years, have you read articles or 
letters in newspapers, or heard 
comments on radio or televirion, 
in which it is asserted that shops, 
and in particular supermarkets, 
are to blame for shoplifting be- 
cause they make the display of 
their wares so inviting? Could 
there be a more terrible indict- 
ment of what we have become that 
the thief is excused not on the 
ground that his children are 
starving but because it is easy for 
him to steal? I ask again: Why is it 
assumed that the only thing 
anyone laced with temptation can 
do is succumb to it? 

I do not expect an answer. I 
shall therefore supply my own. We 
assume it because we have been 
taught for so long that we are not 
the master of our fate and the 
captain of our soul that we have 
come to believe ft. But it was a lie 
when , the tuition began, and it is 
still a lie. It would be no bad thing 
i£ among the good resolutions we 
ma de for the new year now 
dawning, we included a resolve to 
assert the truth in the face of the 
lie. If anyone needs a stiffener for 
that resolve, ft can be found in my 
last quotation from Mr Young's 
article. It is in the -form of a 

The worry is also ethical — should 
there cm be a dear responsibility 
on every lender to rfnyk the 
debtor’s ability to repay the loan? 

For those who have still not 
taken the point, here ft is. Should 
there not be a very considerably 
greater clear responsibility on 
every borrower to check the 
debtor's ability to repay the loan ?- 1 

© Thaw 19S&. 

An entertaining political panto- 
mime is in the offing — on tne 
unlikely subject of local gov- 
ernment finance. The script, 
glimpses of which I have already 
cp*m is of an intricate absurdity 
unmatc hed by Feydeau force or 
Donizetti opera. It will have a cast 
of fh ffl i s wn< is will run for months, 
and could cost billions. 

The title is still being argued 
over and there is some doubt 
about how it should end. Who win 
actually get the upper hand? One 
party is for calling it “‘the loonies* 
revenge”: another for “Ridley 
redox”. I believe that a ample 
one-worder would be more appro- 
priate: Shambles, for instance. 

Prominent among the main 
characters are the Loony Left. 
This popular comic group can be 
relied on to appear on stage 
surrounded by a colourful entou- 
rage of anti-beterosexists, Sinn 
Fein activists and police bashers. 
B ehin d the Loony Left come the 
Labour front bench, a collective of 
impotent and disapproving un- 
cles, twittering a feint disapproval 
because, in addition to keeping 
bad company and bringing the 

famil y name intn disrepute, the 
Loony Left are recklessly bank- 
rupting the famil y estate in Brent, 
Lambeth, Islington and indeed 
most of London and the other 
major cities. The twittering uncles, 
hoping to retrieve the family 
name , are frying desperately to 
draw attention to a few other 
estates that are well managed and 
will have a big conference to 
publicize than in February. 

But I am running ahead of 
myself that is Act 2. The show will 
be opened more soberly by a son 
of classic Chorus figure, in the 
person of the Audit Commission; 
a dispassionate commentator, re- 
moved from the real action, fining 
us in on the follies 2 nd foibles of 
the other dramatis personae. Its 
report on the government of 
London is expected in January. 
This, it is widely leaked, wil] tell us 
that the Loony Left are indeed 
, appalling admmstratore and run- 
ning into serious financial trouble. 
But ft will also criticize the 
government for meanness, obscur- 
antism and flawed local gov- 
ernment l egislati on. 

Just how fatally flawed the 
Audit Commission did not know 
when it started giving previews of 
its report And here we must be 
introduced to another key charac- 
ter whose intervention has con- 
verted the whole affair from a 
casual street-theatre knockabout 
to a full-scale West End produc- 
tion. This is Nicholas Ricfley, the 
Environment Secretary. It is not 
yet dear whether his role in the 
production is eventually to be the 
wizard or the demon king — or 
perhaps the incompetent pan- 
taloon who ends up dead behind 
the arras. His first appearance has 
not been propitious. Just before 
Christmas he announced in the 
Commons that every single rate 
support grant settlement since 
1981 had been based on a false 
premise and was illegal. It was all 
far too difficult and technical to 
explain but his lawyers had as- 

sured him that 

not beyond remedy. A mere £70 
billion was involved and retro- 
spective legislation would soon 
put it right. 

At this point you will ha*e «> 
refer to the programme notes to 
understand what it is all abojt 
(there are only about three people 
in the country who know — Rtdley 
himself, wrongly, claiming to be 
one of them). The essential facto 
that this faulty legislation is the 
very legislation under which the 
left-wing councils have been 
ratecapped, and are consequently 
going bankrupt - since they are 
im providently borrowing huge 
sums rather than cutting spending 
as the government intended. 

Now comes the exciting pan. 
However “merely technical” ret- 
rospective legislation may be, it 
time. Until it goes through 
both Houses of Parliament and 
receives the royal assent, the 
government cannot impose rate 
cap limits on the recalcitrant 

councils. It can tell them a rate cap 

will be imposed retrospectively. It 
can dare them to set high rates in 
March, only to be forced to pay 
some of it tack once the bill is law. 
But for the time being, due to that 
glorious technicality, the councils 
have regained their former free- 
dom to set the rates as high as tbev 

The plot thickens. Wifl the 
twittering uncles appear at their 
grand conference in February 
urgin g caution? Or will they cheer 
on the Loony Left in their heroic 
leaps through the paper hoop of 
rate cap limits? WiD wriggling 
Ridley actually manage to get his 
bill through in time? Lf he doesn't, 
will he force them all to jump 
backwards through the hoop? Or 
will both he and his bill be swept 
away in the mill-race of the 
approaching general election? 

Throw into this confusion a by- 
election in a marginal London 
seat, stir in the launch of a new 
London newspaper, season gen- 
erously with pre-election fever, 
and 1 flunk you will see why 1 
think Shambles is likely to be such 
a hit I can visualize some 
fantastic numbers, with rate de- 
mands, rate refunds, writs, ballot 
papers and discredited Acts of 
Parliament felling like confetti 
over the audience while the entire 
cast sings something like DA What 
a Way to Run a Country!. 

In feet it is just the sort of 
traditional Gilbert and Sullivan 
stuff that the House of Lords and 
the judiciary will find irresistible, 
and I doubt if Equity itself will be 
able to keep them off the stage. A 
filibuster in their Lordships' 
House! An injunction against the 
Secretary of Stale! A judicial 
inquiry into the parliamentary 
draughtsmen! Yes, it will all be a 
most magnificent muddle, far- 
rago, mess, hash, hotch-potch, 
witch’s brew, (to quote Roget) 
fracas, meiee, ruction and pother. 
And I doubt if a single person 
observing it will emerge with 
much respect for the present state 
of our democracy. 

The author is a member of the SDP 
national committee. 

moreover Miles Kington 

Y ou don’t have 
to junk it 

This is the time of year when, 
newspapers are disfigured by arti- 
cles on what to do with left-over 
turkey. (Personally I cut it up into 
tiny pieces which I keep in paper 
bags to throw over newly-weds 
outside the church. No nasty mess 
afterwards, as ft is all eaten by dogs 
and cats. The only drawback is 
that the bride starts smelling of 
sage and onions.) 

Well, this article is different It 

tells yon what to do with anything 
left over that isn’t turkey — all 
those things which we inevitably 
find littering the household in 
those dark, dead days just before 
the New Year. Hungs, for in- 
stance, such as: 

Wrapping paper. This can be 
turned into a delicious casserole or 
curried. Simpjychop the wrap ping 
paper into small pieces and pro- 
ceed as you would for turkey 
casserole or curry. (See some other 

newspaper for the recipes.) Alter- 
natively, you can keep the tiny 
pieces of pape- in small bags for 
throwing over newly-weds. 
Toothpicks. If you have enough 
wrapping paper and toothpicks 
left over, you can make than into 
those tiny cocktail parasols which 
jab you in the eye when you're 
drinking Arose fruit salads with 
some alcohol concealed some- 
where in the bottom.’ Of course, 
you don't do this yourself: you 
lode your children and left-over 
relatives in a room to do it, just as 
it's done in the Far East 
Paper napkins. Left-over paper 
napkins can not only be cut np and 
thrown into casseroles, they can 
also be used fora lively party game 
called Snap Election. One player is 
chosen as Mrs Thatcher and the 
game starts when she shouts: 
“Election Time”. All the other 
players immediately write down 
on a napkin all tiro reasons why 
they should be elected, and then 
try to tear up each other’s napkins. 
At the aid, the winner is showered 
with the fragments of his own 
election manifesto. . 

Left-over children and relatives. 
After Christmas we very often find 
small infan ts or elderly relatives 
aronnd the house whom we do not 
recognize and who refuse to go 
home. They can be chopped up 
and put into casseroles, if you 
don't mind crowds of policemen 
railing jn foe New Year; alter- 
natively, they can be put into left- 

over wrapping paper and posted 
home. At the very worst they can 
be used for buying and selling in 
that new board game which vou 
got at Christmas and whose rules 
nobody can understand. 

Diaries. If enough people received 
useless diaries at Christmas, these 
can be used for a wonderful party 
game called We Must Meet For 
Lunch Sometime. What happens 
is this. Everyone marks in their 
1987 diary four weeks holidav, 
two weeks skiing, 14 dinner dates, 
10 business weekends, eight days 
off with toothache and a mystery 
lunch with someone called Hilary 
You then have to receive pro- 
posals from all foe other plavers 
for meetings throughout the year 
and find an acceptable excuse for 
turning them down. The winner is 
anyone who gets out of all social 
engagements: the loser is the one 
who rads up having Aunty Doris 
next Christmas. 

Bottles of cheap I talian wine I 
foink ft was Hugh Johnson who 
defined one Italian wine as foe 
first successful compromise be- 
tween wine and Coca Cola. Any- 
way, all left-over Italian wine can 
happily be put into your car as 
anti-freeze or into your turkev 
jasserote. Alternatively, empty foe 
boufes to different levels and then 
hittag the bottles with spoons] 
turn them into a cheap hm 
ch eerfu l Italian wine bottle or- 
chestra. Even more alternatively 
tbewue bottles to throw at 
JEST * 1 C 0 U P , « at weddings, if 
that s foe sort of rowdy wedding 
you go to. 

bottles which 
the dustmen won't take awav 
Keep them for weddings, when 
2 **®“ be tied to foe cwbuoEj 
of foe departing newly-weds mpcr 

This Christmas many peo- 
ple have obeyed fo e tiiEE 

inmnrtinw “If . Py ll Ce S 

If you're not drivfoo 

SS*!? "ft***", and have 
left their cars behind at your S 

after foe party. You in 

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gj au together, ^ v ‘“ er 

first return ino & v > «*e 

first returning driver a wdnderfol 
surprise, or of course 
throw them at newIy-wer?J! c f n 
at foe next wedding. BeoX P i? 

all those 

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1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


Foreign aid, mocked the 
redoubtable economist Lord 
Bauer, is like champagne: in 
success you deserve it, in 
failure you need it. In other 
words, there is always an 
excuse for it 

There was indeed once a 
time when the case for over- 
seas aid went virtually un- 
questioned. What reasonable 
person, it was assumed, could 
possibly object to helping the 

Then came Bauer and his 
colleagues, detailing the waste, 
the corruption, the political 
and social damage to givers 
and receivers alike. Their re- 
search was greeted at first with 
protest. It is still noted with 
caution. But following the 
exposure of the shibboleths by 
which the aid industry had 
sought to place itself above 
political debate, a more 
healthy attitude has developed 
among the aid theorists them- 

An example of this is the 
approach of Unicef under its 
director James Grant who in 
recent years has introduced a 
refreshing new piece of argot 
into development circles. The 
word is “do-able” and in the 
1987 State of the World’s 
Children Report it abounds. 

The report, which uses the 
occasion of Unicefs 40th 
birthday this month as an 
opportunity for retrospection, 
is candid about some of the 
failures of the past when the 
aid magicians wove cocoons of 
enormous complexity about 
the simplest problems and, as 
often as not, stifled all sensible 
action in the process. It also 
acknowledges the misguided 
acts that the development 
industry initiated in the sixties 
and seventies ~ those that 
served only to introduce ele- 
phants of a new colour into the 
African and Asian landscapes. 

None of the information is 
new. Any visitor to the ne- 
glected Western-style housing 
complexes,, the sophisticated 
broken down pumping sta- 
tions and the ambitious aban- 
doned irrigation systems o£ 
say, the World Bank’s Woiaita 
Agricultural Development 
Unit in southern Ethiopia 
could have spoken of this long 
ago. It was but one ofh undreds 

of aid failures. Now the fail- 
ures are being acknowledged 
from within. 

An important lesson of the 
past 40 years is that the 
solutions of outside experts do 
not work unless they are 
accepted by the local people 
whose responsibility it will be 
to maintain them when the 
experts have gone. Unicef is 
attempting to identify a de- 
mand rather than initiating a 
supply of what New York 
deems to be good for the 

Where a demand does not 
exist (as in the case of im- 
munization or oral rehydra- 
tion therapy) it has recognized 
that the first step is to create 
one, using all the hard-sell 
techniques of modem market- 
ing and all the technology of 
the communications revolu- 
tion. What is good for Coca 
Cola, Mr Grant has decided, is 
good for Unicef 
In Egypt three years ago 
fewer than two per cent of 
mothers had heard of oral 
rehydration salts. Today 82 
per cent have already used 
them against diarrhoea, still 
the biggest killer of children in 
the developing world. The 
marketing has been such a 
success that, even though the 
remedy is available free at 
government clinics, three out 
of five sachets are sold 
commercially in pharmacies. 

The burden of the new 
message is that these new 
remedies can be funded by the 
people of the Third World 
themselves. If the projects are 
“do-able” — simpler, more 
achievable and less danntingly 
comprehensive than before — 
they are more likely to gen- 
erate the necessary resources 

Nor has Unicef been averse 
to demonstrating to national 
leaders how their promotion of 
such low-cost campaigns can 
be exploited for political 
advantage. Thus have health 
and education been put back 
on national agendas despite 
the exigencies of hard times. 

Julius Nyerere once asked 
on 'behalf orthe African na- 
tions: “Must we starve our 
children to pay our debts?”. 
Unicef diplomatically avoids 
any mention of the rale of Mr 

other equally legitimate ques- 
tions: “for instance, must we 

Hons: “for instance, must we 
starve our children to raise our 
defence expenditure” (the 
spending of the Third World 
on arms rose from $7 billion to 
$100 billion in the decade 
before 1982) and “must we 
spend a good part of our 
development budgets to pro- 
vide labilities for die rich and 

Under Unicefs influence 
Pakistan, like Indonesia, has 
accelerated its immunization 
and oral rehydration therapy 
programme promotions by 
postponing expensive urban 
hospital projects. Distorted 
priorities are. not the prerog- 
ative of the industrial nations 
alone. That Unicef has held up 
the mirror to the South as well 
as the North is an achievement 
which merits a birthday 


Watershed is a word never far 
from the lips of those who 
chronicle events in South Af- 
rica. In 1986, however, the 
cliche came into its own. It was 
a watershed year. It was also 
the year in which the direst 
prophecies of those who have 
waited impatiently for the 
elusive apocalypse appeared 
closer to fulfilment 

The year began with a 
tantalizing glimmer of hope as, 
in his opening address to 
Parliament, President Botha 
embraced the language, and at 
least some of the ideas, of 
Western democracy. In the 
event, he promised more than 
could be given. 

The year ended with the 
concept of reform, if not 
forgotten, curiously out- 
moded, as the government in 
Pretoria snarled its defiance of 
Western opinion. Press free- 
dom was extinguished by gov- 
ernment edict, if not entirely 
in practice, and a government 
which had run out of ideas 
continued to confuse oppres- 
sion with control, the capacity 
to rule with the will to govern. 

Those in South Africa’s 
black community who seek to 
replace the present regime in 
Pretoria continued to believe 
that the apocalypse was nigh, 
that one more push and the 
walls and the will of the white 
establishment would crumble. 
Hence “moderate” remained a 
term of abuse, “compromise” 
an expletive and requests to 
them to provide their own 
agenda either for negotiation 
or for a post-apartheid South 
Africa went unanswered. In 
Washington, Secretary of State 
George Shultz prepared to 
meet Oliver Tambo, crowning 
a year of public relations 
successes for the African Na- 
tional Congress. 

In the front-line states, lead- 
ers who had. . embraced the 
notion of sanctions as a cru- 
sade lived in daily fear of the 
reality their rhetoric might 
bring. Their fear, born of their 
continuing economic depen- 
dence on the country they 
sought so vocally to destroy 
was reinforced by the threat of 
South African reprisals should 
the sanctions they threatened 
be imposed in practice. The 
result has been a further rise in 
the temperature of an inher- 
ently unstable region. 

In the West, 1986 brought 
an undoubted moral high with 

the imposition of sanctions. 
But h also brought an end-of- 
year hangover — as the un- 
pleasant realization dawned 
that the last strands of Western 
leverage had been severed. 
Now, released from the con- 
straints of world opinion, Pre- 
toria feels free to impose its 
will behind the barricades. 

As the year draws to its 
close, it is fruitless even to 
attempt to assign blame for 
what has happened in South 
Africa. No one, not the South 
African Government, nor its 
opponents, emerges with 
much credit. But it is perhaps 
instructive to examine just 
how events reached this pass. 

It has become a truism that 
President Botha backed into 
reform without any clear idea 
of where he was going. Black 
aspirations, framed by the 
promise of reform and frus- 
trated by its limits, inevitably 
exploded in disorder. This in 
turn fuelled, and was fuelled 
by, the active concern of a 
world which tends to see South 
Africa not just as another — if 
especially intractable — prob- 
lem, but as a morality play in 
which its own guilt and hope of 
redemption are played out. 

Inevitably, too, perhaps the 
consequent pilgrimages to Pre- 
toria by high-profile foreign 
peacemakers — from the 
grandiloquently named Emi- 
nent Persons Group to a 
harassed and brow-beaten Sir 
Geoffrey Howe — proved 
counter-productive. The flurry 
of diplomatic demands which 
ensued had the effect of 
persuading both President Bo- 
tha and that section of his 
constituency to which he is 
most sensitive that the world’s 
price for readmitting South 
Africa to the international club 
was nothing short of a transfer 
of power to the black majority. 
The reform process begun six 
years before came to a halt 

President Botha believed 
that the credit he bad received 
for sacrificing Afrikaner unity 
on the altar of reform was 
insufficient. What the world 
might once have hailed as a 
step in the right direction was 
now being denigrated as cos- 
metic change. The goal-posts 
had moved, and the man who 
had been carried along by the 
momentum of reform now had 
to deal with that “final 
demand” He also had to face 
the fact that no amount of 

conjuring by his constitutional 
planners could resolve the 
dilemma of how to share 
power without losing it 

His response was as predict- 
able as it was lamentable: a 
blunt rejection of all further 
efforts at mediation and the 
brutal reassertion, through 
raids on Gaborone, Harare 
and Lusaka, of South African 
power in the region. The 
reality of sanctions was em- 
braced as preferable to the 
threat and a useful banner 
around which to rally his 
divided constituency. . 

As a result, the only event to 
which South Africans can look 
forward with any certainty in 
the year ahead is a white 
election — fought along the 
time-honoured rules of 
Afrikanerdom versus the 
world. It is an election which 
will prove nothing and which 
will distract government atten- 
tion from resolving the central 
and enduring equation in 
South African politics: black 
aspiration equals white fear. 

Today there is little sign that 
either the men in Pretoria or 
their adversaries have pene- 
trated to the nub of that 
equation. Blacks cannot tri- 
umph at the expense of white 
South Africa, nor can whites 
continue to survive at the 
expense of realistic black 
hopes. Neither scenario would 
solve the equation. 

Towards the end of the year 
whites and blacks in the 
province of Natal found a 
solution of their own, and they 
found it in a spirit of com- 
promise and negotiation. 
Their plan — for a single; 
multi-racial parliament elected 
by all citizens over the age of 
18, in which a black majority 
would be offset by enhanced 
representation of all minority 
groups, including whites — 
has yet to find fevour with 
either the hard men in Pretoria 
or the equally hand radicals in 
Lusaka. However, until both 
see events in Natal not as a 
threat but as a promise, the I 
violent stalemate will con- 
tinue, and white South Africa, 
isolated by the world and 
sustained by its hostility, will 
retreat further behind its bar- 

In South Africa 1986 was the 
year of living dangerously. 
Unless the spirit of Kwa Natal 
triumphs, 1 987 could be much 
the same, only more so. 


Nimrod not such a mighty hunter? 

Nyerere’s catastrophic eco- 
nomic policies in his country's 
problems but it clearly has 
some sympathy with the ques- 
tion. It points out that today 
only 0.36 per cent of the 
industrial world’s GNP goes in 
official aid, which is a fell of 25 
per cent since 1965, and rolls 
on the industrial nations to 
institute a more equitable and 
stable trading relationship 
with the Third World as well 
as easing debt repayment 

The notion is gaining 
ground. Earlier this year the 
director of the International 
Monetary Fund conceded that 
“it is hard to visualize how a 
viable external position can be 
achieved if large segments of 
the workforce lack the voca- 
tional skills — or, even worse, 
the basic nutritional and 
health standards — to produce 
goods that are competitive in 
world markets.” 

But the great contribution of 
Unicef has been to throw the 
primary emphasis back upon 
the peoples of the developing 
world themselves. Today 
Colombia, India, Sri Lanka, 
Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Egypt, 
Algeria, Ecuador, Peru, Bo- 
livia, Indonesia and Thailand 
are all pioneering the new low- : 
cost strategies based on this 

There are, as Pakistan’s 
Finance Minister recognized. 

From Mr Noel Falconer 
Sir, There have been inadequacies 
ai many levels in the UK airborne 
early warning imbroglio; few, 
however, compare with a failure 
that has escaped attention. The 
Nimrod AEW system was Jim- 
damentally misdesigned. Mis- 
designed, moreover, arrogantly, 
gratuitously, and in defiance of 
custom and experience. 

Every other AEW aircraft em- 
ploys a single radar scanner, 
located to permit all-round vision. 
Ancillary equipments are moun- 
ted on the back of this. Only the 
AEW Nimrod carries duplicated 
scanners, with limited traverses. 

Much else must be — and is! — 
duplicated in consequence: scan- 
ner control and stabilization; 
much of the radar, the radar 
intercept (electronic surveillance) 
and mend/foe identification 
equipments. And there are, nec- 
essarily, long extreme-power 
wave-guides and complex switch- 
gear. Is it any wonder that the 
Nimrod is short of space; that the 
system in it is costly, hard to 
integrate, and unreliable? 

- Nor is this mere hindsight 
These criticisms were rife a decade 
ago. I was aware of them because I 
test-flew the Nimrod on its major 
acceptance trials at Boscombe 

Yours sincerely, 


223 B ram hall Moor Lane, 

Hazel Grove, 

Stockport, Cheshire. 

December 19. 

From Air Vice-Marshal S. W. B. 

Sir, The Government’s decision, 
on the advice of experts in the 
Ministry of Defence, to opt for the 
Boeing E3A Awacs (airborne 
warning and control system) in 
preference to the GEC Nimrod is a 
correct military decision in the 
best interest of the defence of this 
country and our contribution to 
the Nato Alliance. 

Opponents of the Boeing Awacs 
base most of their arguments on 
political considerations which do 
not stand up to serious analysis 
and which should not be allowed 
to override military requirements. 
Mr Prior's motives in pressing for 
the Nimrod (letter, December 1 1) 
are obvious, but totally un- 
convincing in the light of the 
technical information available on 
the comparative performance of 
the two systems. Both systems 

work, runs die argument, but little 
is beard about foe degree to which 
they work. 

The Boeing Awacs has been in 
operational service with Nato 
since 1982. It can fly higher, see 
further and detea more targets 
than Nimrod. It is fully compat- 
ible with Nato's ground radar 
network (Nadge) and with foe data 
integration communications sys- 
tem (Ageis) which transfers 
information from the Awacs air- 
craft to the ground radars, where it 
is integrated with information 
from the ground radars and 
displayed on consoles in foe 
operations centres. 

It was a mistake by foe Labour 
Government in 1977 to decide to 
go it alone and design and produce 
its own Awacs system when all 
other Nato countries, albeit with 
some hesitation, agreed to acquire 
foe Boeing E3A. It ill becomes 
Labour politicians now to com- 

g iund their folly by again pressing 
r Nimrod after nine yean of 
unsatisfactory progress in the 
design and development of the 

It is pertinent to remind poli- 
ticians that it was a Labour 
government, with Healy as Sec- 
retary of State for Defence, which 
in 1965 cancelled the British TSR2 
advanced strike aircraft in favour 
of the American F-lll (which was 
also cancelled a few months later) 
in yet another muddled concept of 
defence strategy for Britain and 
our contribution to the Nato 

Labour’s latest defence policies; 
based on unilateral nuclear 
disar mam and emphasis on 
conventional forces only, are little 
short of disastrous. If they were 
ever in a position to include the 
Nimrod early warning system, 
against the advice of experts in the 
Ministry of Defence, and particu- 
larly the RAF wbo would have to 
operate the system, our con- 
ventional air defence capability 
would be seriously reduced and 
contribution to Nato further 

The decision to select foe 
Boeing E3A Awacs system is the 
correct one, based on sound 
military requirements. 

Yours sincerely, 


The Lodge, 

Frensbam Vale, 

Lower Bourne, 

Farnham, Surrey. 

December 18. 

False precedent on rights Bill 

From Professor Sir Geoffrey Elton, 

Sir, Lord Scarman and his asso- 
ciates in the Rights Campaign 
claim (December 18) that “many 
important British statutes” are 
“couched in the language of 
principle” and invite you to 
“recollect oar own enacted Bill of 

Re-reading might serve better 
than reliance on memory. I won- 
der where in that document Lord 
Scarman would find foe language 
of principle. Declaring that King 
James H, assisted by others, had 
endeavoured “to subvert and 
extirpate the protestant religion 
and foe laws and liberties of this 
kingdom”, it recites 12 charges, all 
firmly particular and specific. It 
then declares such practices (again 
cited in precise detail) to be ill^aL 

In all this, no general principle 
receives even mention. The Lords 
and Commons, referring them- 
selves to supposedly ancestral 
practices, claim to be acting “for 
the vindicating and asserting their 
ancient rights and liberties”: 
precedent is what they rely on, not 

In 1689 it occurred to no one to 
pronounce upon foe inborn equal- 
ity of all human beings and similar 
mighty concepts wbich distinguish 
all declarations of ti nman rights 
from the American and French 
revolutions to foe present pro- 
liferation of such documents. 

It may be arguable that foe 
rights established at law in this 
country do not suffice to protea 
foe aspirations of some people, 
but I do not think that the 
champions of a Bill of Rights 
should introduce their own belief 
in large generalizations into the 
practice of the seventeenth cen- 
tury. The document of 1689 called 
for virtually no judicial interpreta- 
tion in its application: the Euro- 
pean Declaration remits the truth 
of its meaning to counsel and 
judges. No wonder that some 
lawyers like the looks ofh. 

Yours faithfully, 


Clare College, Cambridge. 
December 19. 

From Mr Paul Sieghart 
Sir, Your leader (“Judging rights”, 
December 12) is balanced — 
though faintly negative — and on 
the whole well informed. May I 
therefore confine myself to three 
short points of disagreement? 

1. You say that “we are not 

accustomed to written Constitu- 
tions or Bills of Rights”. Not so: 
we are — and more than most 
others. Magna Carta, in 1215, was 
die first recorded Bill of Rights in 
the history of West European 
civilization. Our next one, in 
1689, actually pioneered the title 
of such instruments. Neither has 
yet been repealed. But is it not 
time we brought them up to date? 

2. You say that the European 
Convention on Human Rights is 
“imprecise”, “nebulous”, 
“vague”, and “abstract”. So were 
foe statutes of 121 5 and 1689. Just 
what, for instance, is “justice 
delayed” (1215), or a “cruel and 
unusual punishment” (1689)? Is 
this not precisely why we have 
judges to interpret such things, 
why our judges have for centuries 
interpreted them, and why they 
now interpret foe modern con- 
stitutions of foe Commonwealth, 
which contain the very same 
phrases as the European Conven- 

3. Yon begin by acknowledging 
that, numerically, foe UK leads 
Europe in being found guilty of 
breaches of the European Conven- 
tion. You end by saying that, in 
foe UK, “there is no evidence of 
risk to the liberties of the subject 
sufficient to justify” incorporating 
the Convention. Am I alone in 
wondering bow your premiss can 
lead to your conclusion? 

In the last few years the House 
of Lords has passed several Bills 
on these lines — after much 
debate, and on one occasion after 
a thorough examination by a 
select committee. When Sir 
Edward’s Bill is debated next 
February, that will be the first 
opportunity in recent history for 
foe elected Chamber of our Par- 
liament to express its views on 
these issues. 

As you rightly observe, both the 
Cabinet and foe two larger politi- 
cal parties are still divided on 
them. But the Alliance parties, and 
another broad affiance of interests 
in the country, support foe Bill 
without any such divisions. 

The issues are not, in feet, party 
political. La us therefore hope 
that this time there will be no 
party whips and that the Com- 
mons will be allowed to rise to an 
occasion which could well be 



6 Gray's Inn Square, WC1. 

Aids as moral issue 

From Rabbi Dr Sidney Brichto 
Sir, Clifford Longley (December 
23) provided a valuable service by 
clarifying foe moral complexities 
feeing religious denominations in 
the fight against Aids. 

In bis analysis of the various 
perceptions of this scourge he 
points out that some believe that 
“Aids is a penalty for sinful 
behaviour programmed into na- 
ture by its Designer. Unfortu- 
nately foe penalty does not always 
fell on foe sinner.” 

I find this view totally unaccept- 
able. The sympathies of all re- 
ligious men and women must be 
with Abraham when he took God 
to task for his intended destruc- 
tion of foe wicket cities of Sodom 
and Gomorrah: “Will you sweep 
away foe innocent aloag with the 
guilty, will not foe judge of all foe 
earth act justly?" 

I do not believe that a loving 
God would punish even the guilty 
with such a disease, no less the 

Sexual moral attitudes need not . 
be any different in the post-Aids 
era than in foe pre-Aids era, even 

though foe consequences are cata- 
strophically different. Religious 
leaders must continue to teach 
their adherents that foe joy of 
sexual intercourse should be the 
culmination of a caring and non- 
exploitative union and that 
monogamy is the only basis on 
which a loving and* harmonious 
union can be built. 

Faithfully yours, 

Rabbinic Conference, 

Union of Literal & Progressive 

The Montagu Centre, 

J09 Whitfield Street, WL 
December 23. 

A World Park 

in Antarctica 

Control of Church 

From Dr H. P. Ferrer 
Sir, The perceptive article by your 
Religious Affairs Correspondent 
(Decanter 8) on the necessity for 
an Anglican pope raises several 
important issues which have be- 
come confused over many years. 
It appears that what is being asked 
for is not a pope but a patriarch. 

The question that the Bishop of 
Birmingham has raised concerns a 
matter of discipline rather than a 
question of feifo or morals and as 
such would normally have been 
referred to a senior bishop — Le^ 
an archbishop — and would be 
within the jurisdiction of a patri- 

Due to foe developments in foe 
early years of the Church, the 
function of foe Bishop of Rome as 
universal pontiff developed from 
his Petrine descent, but when it 
came to questions of organisation 
these were linked with his office as 
Patriarch of the West 

The other patriarchal sees — 
e.g_, Antioch, Alexandria, Jeru- 
salem and later Constantinople — 
were foe senior bishoprics who 
organised their local churches. 

The recent Anglican/Roman 
Catholic discussion document did 
not clarify these issues, but as- 
sumed that in matters of discipline 
foe automatic choice would be a 
referral to the patriarchy of the 

This would not be accepted by 
other patriarchates and if there is 
to be a true dialogue between foe 
eastern churches and the West the 
role of the historic patriarchates 
needs to be re-emphasised. 

It would not be too far a 
development to see a uniate 
Anglican Church with its own 
patriarch in communication with 
Rome, and foe issues that the 
Bishop of Birmingham raises 
would naturally fell within foe 
jurisdiction of that patriarch. 
Yours feithftilly, 


Haven tree, 

Suckiey, Worcestershire. 

December 9. 

Lick and promise 

From Mrs Roy McKenzie 
Sir, My great uncle’s advice for the 
treatment of a spot on the face was 
to dab it with saliva (letter, 
December 20) on waking. It was 
important not to dilute foe saliva 
with cups of tea, or whatever, as 
this destroyed its potency. 

Yours feithftilly, 


19 Makeoey Road, 

Holbrook, Derby. 


DECEMBER 29 1879 

From Sir Peter Scott 
Sir, The future, as well as foe post, 
of Antarctica is of great concern to 
me. I was especially pleased that 
you published a leading article on 
this subject (December I S). 

I agree that foe Antarctic Treaty 
system has been very successful in 
preserving Antarctica from inter- 
national discord, but sadly its 
record on safeguarding foe 
continent's unique environment 
has been only fair. In particular, 
foe Convention on foe Conserva- 
tion of Antarctic Marine Living 
Resources (CCAMLR), in force 
since April. 1982, has failed 
completely to control the ruthless 
over-exploitation of the finfish in 
foe Southern Ocean, and at least 
one of foe four species, foe 
Antarctic cod, is now commer- 
cially extinct. 

If foe same story is repeated 
with krill there wifi be a major 
ecological disaster, as virtually all 
foe Antarctic birds, seals, whales, 
fish and Kjuid are dependent 
directly or indircclty on krilL So 
far, CCAMLR has not taken any 
steps at all to regulate foe krill 
harvest, even though a massive 
expansion of this fishery is being 
planned by the fishing nations. 

The failure of the Antarctic 
Treaty parties to control the 
exploitation of the living resources 
raises serious doubts as to whether 
they could conduct mineral 
extraction safely, without any 
environmental damage. I there- 
fore disagree strongly with your 
view that a prohibition of all 
minerals development is “un- 
realistic”. Rather, it is unrealistic 
to allow it, and then call for 
stringent environmental protec- 
tion and for any damage to be 
made good. 

Damage to the fragile Antarctic 
wilderness from minerals opera- 
tions, especially offshore oil 
exploitation, would in many 
circumstances be irreversible and 
no level of protection could be 
stringent enough to guarantee 
there would be no damage. If the 
Antarctic Minerals Convention at 
present under discussion is allow- 
ed to come into force, foe wildlife, 
the pristine scientific laboratory, 
and the unspoilt beauty of Ant- 
arctica would all be put at grave 
risk just for the sake of perhaps 
two years’ supply of oil and gas for 
the world. 

There are alternatives to nego- 
tiating a minerals Convention, 
and 1 find the World Park 
proposal a very attractive one. 
While prohibiting all minerals 
exploitation, a World Park would 
allow for the continuation of 
scientific research and controlled 
environmentally friendly tourism. 
There could also be carefully 
regulated offshore exploitation of 
squid and krill, and of finfish if the 
stocks recover. 

1 believe it would be possible to 
incorporate a de facto World Park 
into foe Antarctic Treaty system 
and so preserve foe world’s only 
remaining wilderness from the 
effects of a few countries' short- 
sighted greed. 

Yours feithftilly, 


The New Grounds, 

Slimbridge, Gloucester. 

December 19. 

Sheffield and London were old 
rivals and pioneers of inter - 
regianalfootbalL Earlier in 1879 
the Old Etonians had won the FA 
Cup . They did so again in 1882. 
Before the end of the century a 
fixed crossbar replaced the tape 




A return to a match played last 
month at the Sheafhouse Ground, 
Sheffield, off on Saturday at 
Kennington Oval. The attendance 
was very poor compared with what 
is generally the case when London 
and Sheffield meet; but this was 
probably attributable to the fact 
that up to the very last moment 
grave doubts were entertained 
whether the severe weather would 
admit of the match being 

played The game was almost 

immediately carried into the 
northerners' domains, and Parry 
had an opportunity of sending the 
hpll through but miscal c ulated his 
kick and it went the wrong side of 
the post. The play now became 
very fast, the ball being qnickly 
urged from one goal to the otter. 
Woodcock made a splendid shot 
which caused the London goal to 
narrowly escape a downfall. A 
comer kick also fell to the 
Yorkshiremen, but without any 
substantial result accruing. . . At 
length the first item of a definite 
rhararter fell to the visitors. Their 
forwards conducted the ball down 
the ground, and Woodcock availed 
himself of the opportunity by 
sending it under the tape. This 
success inspired the Yorkshiremen 
with extra vigour, and for a little 
time it seemed as though an easy 
victory were in store for 
them. . .The Londoners gradually 
rallied. Sparkes and Bastard ran 
the ball down, and passing it to 
Bambridge, that player sent it 
under the tape. The score having 
thus been equalized, the struggle 
became keener than ever. After 
having placed the Shwffiwlri goal in 
jeopardy, the Southerners were 
obliged to beat a retreat, and Evans 
made a shot at their fortress, but 
the ball was struck out by 
Swepstone. Woodcock, however, 
resumed the charge end sent it 
through, but as foe rule which 
forbids being “off side” had been 
violated, no score was allowed. 
Half-time was now called, unH f.Vip 
sides crossed over. London soon 
began to act on the aggressive, and 
their forwards repeatedly invaded 
the Northerners* half of the 
ground. . . A s p lend id shot from 
the left ride of the ground by Bailey 
placed the second goal to the credit 
of London. This advantage was 
soon followed up with others- Hie 
home team seemed to improve as 
the time advanced, while, cm the 
other hand, some of their rivals 
showed signs of fatigue. Having 
forced the ball right up to the 
Sheffield fines, a scrimmage en- 
sued, out of which a goal was 
kicked by Page. The game now 
stood at three to one, and the 
partisans of Sheffield (who seemed 
to be in the majority) began to 
tremble for the success of their 
friends. Although the ball was 
several times taken down to the 
metropolitan citadel, it was kept 
intact, and just before the call of 
’Time” Page kicked the ball 
against one of bis opponents' posts, 
and Peny being in a good position 
made another kick, whkfo was 
crowned with success. Thus at its 
conclusion the match ended in a 
victory for London by four goals to 

Electricity hazard 

From Mr G. C. Peck 

Sir, I do not agree with foe last 
paragraph of Mr Colebrook’s let- 
ter (December 22) in which he 
says that one gets what one pays 

Plugs are covered by a British 
Standard. One would have ex- 
pected therefore that the s tandar d 
would have specified features to 
prevent screws loosening, ir- 
respective thus of the retail price 
of the plug. 

Yours faithfully, 

G. C. PECK, 

The Loss Prevention Council, 
Research Unit, 

140 Aldersgate Street, EC1. 
December 23. 

Saying it in style 

From Mr Alexander A. Kassman 

Sir, The practice complained of by 
foe Rev Canon F. G. Kerr-Dineen 
(December 16) is by no means 

Shortly after the end of the 
1939-45 War many ex-servicemen 
were recalled to the colours for 
annual training in foe militia. The 
summons took foe form of a jolly 
letter from the adjutant promising 
lots of good okl Army fun. Still, a 
difficulty arose, for dearly an 
officer could not address a com- 
mon soldier as “Sir" or even 
“Dear Sir”. 

This was ingeniously overcome 
by addressing the recipient as 
"Dear Name, Rank and Number" 
— altogther more personal and 

I am. Name, Rank and Number, 
your obedient servant, 


31 West Heath Drive, NW1 1. 
December 16. 

From Mr Arthur Bond 
Sir, When, as an articled clerk, I 
submitted to my principal, for his 
approval, a draft letter beginning 
“Dear Sir or Madam”, he struck 
out the words “or Madam”, 'saying 
as he did so: “I think we might 
give him the benefit of the doubt”. 
Yours faithfully, 


5 Linton Road, 

Wetfterby, West Yorkshire. 
December 16. 


■ P 
■ . ir 





December 28: The Duke of 
Edinburgh, Patron of the Ely 
Cathedral Restoration Appeal 
visited Ely Cathedral today. 

His Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by Her Majesty’s Lord- 
Lieutenant for Cambridgeshire 
(Mr Michael Sevan), the Bishop 
of Ely (the Right Rev Peter 
Walker, DD) and the Dean (the 
Very Reverend WJ. Patterson). 

Mr Brian McGrath was in 

The Queen will hold investi- 
tures at Buckingham Palace on 
February 11, 17 and 24 and 
March 3, 10 and 17. 

The Princess ofWales, Patron of 

the National Rubella Council, 
will attend a reception for 
members of Asian communities 
at the Royal Society of Medicine 
on January 13. 

The Duchess of York will open 
“The World of Drawings and 
Watercolours” exhibition at the 
Park Lane Hotel on January 21. 
The Prince of Wales, Duke of 
Cornwall, will present the Duke 
of Cornwall Awards for Milk 
from Farm Resources at the 
Naval and Military Dub on 
February 4. 

The Prince of Wales, President 
of The Prince's Trust, accompa- 
nied by the Princess of Wales, 
will attend the premiere of the 
film Mosquito Coast, in aid of 
the trust, at the Odeon Theatre. 
HaymarkeL on February 4. 

The Prince of Wales win present 
the “Schools Industry Prize" 
awards at the Institute of Direc- 
tors on February 5. 

The Princess of Wales will 
attend a concert given by the 
London Philharmonic Or- 
chestra and children from the 
London borough of Tower 
Ham las at the Festival Hall on 
February 5. 

The Prince of Wales will open 
Project Fu Hem ploy Bradford. 
West Riding House, Cheapside, 
Bradford, on February 6. 

Clifford Longley 

Split between belief and ethics 

, ii Phrictianifv Iitdflicm. and Is- thinK ca on while Stl 

Birthdays today 

June Marchioness of Aberdeen 
and Temair, 73; Sir Richard 
Beaumont, 74; Mr John 
Connell, 62; Mr Bernard 
Cribbins, 38: General Sir Robert 
Ford, 63; Professor L C.B. 
Gower, 73; MrS.M. Hornby, 52; 
Mr Gilbert Hunt, 72; Mr G.H. 
Newsom, QC, 77; Dr Magnus 
Pykc, 78; Sir Kenneth Sharp, 60; 
Mr Harvey Smith, 48; Mr Jon 
Voight, 48; Sir Edward Wil- 
liams. 65. 

Church news 


The Rev J Richards. Curate. 
Addles! one. diocese of Guildford, to be 
Curate. South Gillingham tin charge 
of All Saints. Hempstead 1. diocese of 

The Rev M D J Savage. Curate. 
Newcastle St Gabriel, diocese of 
Newcastle., to be Adult Education 
Adviser, same diocese. 

Canon M p Simcock. vicar. 
Treieigti. diocese of Truro, to be 
Rector. Redruth with tanner, same 

The Rev H C Smart. Vicar. All 
Saints. WetUngOorougfi. diocese of 
Peterborough, to be also Rural Dean 
of Wellingborough, same diocese. 

The Rev P D Stall. Team vicar. 
Thorpe Willoughby in the Braylon 
Team Ministry, diocese of YorK. to be 
Assistant Chaplain of Tunbridge Weils 
Hospitals, diocese of Rochester. 

.The Rev R Taylor. Rector. South 
Normanion. diocese of Derby, to be 
also Rural Dean of Airreton. same 

_ The Rev J M Trigg. Assistant 
Curate. St Wilfrid and SI Luke. 
Harrogate tin charge of si Luke's!, 
diocese of York, to be Team vicar, in 
the Pockllngton Team Ministry, with 
special pastoral responsibility for 
Yaphani'Cum-Meltonby. Millington. 
Great Gtvendaie. Warier. Huggate. 
and District Church of KHnwicJc 
Percy, same diocese. 

Resignations and retirements 

The Rev E J George, vicar. Horsley 
Wood bouse, diocese of Derby, lo 
retire In the spring. 

Canon D E R bill. Canon 
Residentiary. Bristol Cathedral. Di- 
ocesan Director of Ordinandi. Prtn 
Opal. Diocesan Ministerial Training 
Couise. and Bishop's Examining 
ChapUan. diocese of Bristol, to resign 
on December 31. following sabbatical 

The Rev R H Smith. Rector. 
Bresslngham with Fersflefd. and 
North and South Loptiam. diocese of 
Norwich, lo retire on January 31. 

Other appointments 

Deaconess G F Cooke. Anglican 
Chaplain at Leeds Polytechnic, to be a 
Chaplain within the North Humber- 
"ndi* ' 

Appointments in 
the Forces 

The Army 

BRIGADIER: NOR Hcpworth to be 
Oomd Br Forces Belize. Jan 2- 
COLONEL: R D H H Greenwood to be 
Coll Cored RMAS. Jan Z- 
Brown. LI. to BMATT Zimbabwe. Jan 
3: A D R CrtlHiiv QDG. lo BMATT. 
ambauwe. Jan ST A Marsh, para. 
IO be Comd Den Para Real. Jan 2: TO 
G Siokee. RA. to be Br Coni MFO 
Sinai- Jan I- 

Major General J F Bowman CB, ALC. 
Dec 31. 

Once again, Richand Baker 
asks you to support our trad'’ 
itional appeal at Christmas. 

Please help us to give the 
comfort and companionship 
of radios and radio/cassette 
recorders to blind people in 
need. These sets cost around 
£42 each. 

Some 10,000 to 12,000 are 
needed every year 
Please send your donation to: 




(No stamp required) 

Or hand it in to any branch 
of the Midland Northern or 

i ; 

Nothing is more difficult to 
get a measure of than the very 
pervasive and persuasive 
observation that a belief can 
be “true” for the individual 
who holds it, though the 
observer does not share it “It 
is true for him " is the formula 
used. It says more than that 
the individual is sincere. 

The commentary on the 
formula goes like this: “That’s 
what be believes; that’s fine 
with me; . it’s not what I 
believe; what I believe is true 
for me, my truth isn’t better 
than his truth; we are both 
right; and there is no such 
thing as Truth, beyond what is 
true for you or true for me.” 

It is a practical philosophy 
of comparative religion, ex- 
cept that It declines to make 
comparisons. It has become 
probably the most common 
attitude to religion in Britain 
today, a rejection of the claim 

— now regarded as intolerant 

— that those who disagree are 
simply wrong. It is an im- 
portant step forward from 
that, in its recognition that 
other religious systems than 
the familiar homely one can 
be spiritually effective and 

Differences of systems of 
doctrine are no longer worth 
going to war over (and never 
were), it says, because all these 
different systems produce re- 
sults. They all lead their 
followers nearer to God (or 
their God), and encourage the 
living of a spiritual life guided 
by religious goals. 

Although it is a common- 
or-garden position, it has 
theologians and anthropolo- 
gists who can beck it up with 

intellectual argument. And it 
stops in his tracks the obses- 
sive who insists on spreading 
his own version of religious 
truth to others. 

It is impenetrable to argu- 
ment or analysis, until the 
basic idea has been redefined 
to bring it back to the Carte- 
sian world where a thing is 
either true or false. Thus 
translated, the formula means 
“it works for him " rather than 
^ is true for him." 

It also means that as there is 
no acceptable objective test 
for truth or falsehood in the 
world of religion, so no one 
has the right to administer his 
own test to another’s beliefe. 
In Cartesian terms, it says, all 
religions are equally false, for 
none of them make statements 
that refer to objective reality. 
That does not mean they are 
not useful, as the laws of chess 

are use fril in providing 
entertainment and instruction 
for those who play rL 

Nevertheless, that is far 
from the classic agnostic pos- 
ition, for many of those who 
hold it are deeply interested in 
religious ideas and acknowl- 
edge their power and value. If 
it has an equivalent in any 
classical system, it is Hindu- 
ism. Most of those who hold 
it, at least in the West, would 
express their own preference 
as lying in the direction of 
Christianity. But that is not to 
say that Christianity is true. It 
is just “true” for those who 
believe it. 

The assertion that there is 
an objective reality about 
which religion makes state- 
ments of fact is common and 
peculiar to the three great 
monotheist systems. 

Christianity, Judaism, and Is- 
lam. So striking is it that non- 
monotheistic systems make 
no such claim, that there 
should be a connection. So 
monotheism may imply not 
just a theology, but a whole 
philosophical system. 

A monotheistic world-view 
accommodates Aristotle and 
Descartes, and permits state- 
ments of what is or is not the 
case. Atheism belongs in such 
a world too, for it makes the 
same land of statements as 
monotheistic religions do. It is 
a system fertile for the scien- 
tific investigation of nature. It 
is a system which makes 
disagreement about religious 
doctrine important 

On. the other hand, the “true 
for him” formula is pantheist 
and is essentially a denial of 
such a world-view. But pan- 
theism, in that case, does not 
become an alternative and 
more accurate description of 
reality, such as would assert 
that it is wrong to talk of only 
one God, right to talk of 
many. If there are those who 
like to believe in one God: 
well, that’s “true -for thenT. 

This contemporary faith in 
the vague universal benefit of 
any and all faiths renders the 
intellect incapable of making 
intelligent judgements. Ft is 
farced to say of Nazism, or 
ancient religions which prac- 
tised human sacrifice, that 
they too are “true” for their 
adherents, thus pulling the 
whole house of cards down. 

Mankind must remain ca- 
pable of insisting, without 
qualification, that Nazism was 
raise; and to see that religion 
has a dark side where terrible 

things can go on while 
remaining “true” to those who 
believe iu them. It has to be 
able to say, furthermore, that 
what is wrong with them is not 
just their effects but 

Thai various different sys- 
tems do in feet work, however, 
and often succeed in directing 
those who follow them 
wards spiritual enlighten- 
ment, is one of the exciting 
discoveries of the new age ~ e 
inter-religious tolerance. 

Benedictine monks steeped 
in the Christian spiritual path- 
way can now at down (or even 
kneel) with Zen monks 
steeped in the Buddhist path- 
way, and find — usually to the 
great delight of both — wide 
areas of sympathy and over- 
lap: Religions very different in 
doctrine and even in under- 
lying philosophy do appear 
have much in common 
their results. 

The most they have _ 
common is in their transform- 
ing power over human 
psychology, enabling their 
followers to overcome the self- 
centred ness and 

“attachments'* which tie the 
human spirit to the ground. It 
is the mystical dement in all 
religions which brings them 
closest In contrast, ii is the 
moral element in all religions 
which drive them apart. 

The ethic of Zen is by no 
means the same as the ethic of 
Christianity. And what 
characterizes the whole “true 
for him” approach to religious 
differences is the separation of 
religion from morality, and 
the breaking of the bond 
between mysticism and ethics. 




Captain MJB. Andrews 
and Miss FX. Carter 
The engagement is announced 
between Martin Andrew. Royal 
Engineers, eldest son of Mr and 
Mrs D.C. Andrews, of 
Lightwaier. Surrey, and Finola, 
younger daughter of Brigadier 
and Mrs Gerald Carter, of 
Longcot, Oxfordshire. 

Mr R. Goodall 
and Miss S. Debates 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, only son of 
Mr and Mrs G. Goodall of 
Winthorpe, Newark, Not- 
tinghamshire. and Susan, only 
daughter of Mrs LE. Debates 
and the late Mr H.C. Deflates, 
of Bexley Heath, Kent. 

Mr J. Harrison 
and Miss N. Wilson 
The engagement is announced 
between John, youngest son of 
Leslie Harrison, of Bir- 
mingham, and Naomi, daughter 
of Ian and Pamela Wilson, of 
Hong Kong, and Abbotsford. 
New South Wales, Australia. 

Mr M.W. Isola 
and Miss P. Robinson 
The engagement Is announced 
between Mark, youngest son of 
Dr and Mrs C.A. Isola, of 
Gibraltar, and Pia, only daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs AJ.B. 
Robinson, of Gibraltar. 

and Miss J. Dakin 
the engagement is announced 
between Richard Jeremy, youn- 
ger son of Rev Joseph and Mis 
Ormston, St George's Rectory, 
Stamford, Lincolnshire, and 
Jacqueline, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mis R. Dakin, Great 
Harwood, Lancashire. 

Mr P J>. Thomason 
and Miss C Burn 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, son of Mr and 
Mrs D.G. Thomason, of Hough, 
Cheshire, and Catherine, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs J.S. Burn, of 
Helsby, Cheshire. 


Mr M.G. Bradford 
and Mrs J.E.T. MacMillan 
The marriag/e took place on 
December 20, 1986, at St 

Andrew's Church, Much 
Hadham, between Mr Michael 
Bradford and Mrs Julia 

The night sky in January 

By Our Astronomy 

Mercury will be in superior 
conjunction on the 12th. It win 
be an evening star in the second 
half of the month but unlikely to 
be seen; on the 30th it will have 
set by about 18h, only one hour 
after the Sun. 

Venus is a brilliant morning 
object, magnitude -4.6. rising 
between 04h and 05h. Greatest 
elongation (470 deg) on the 
15th. Moon in the area on the 

Mars is an evening star setting 
at about 23h throughout the 
month. It is in Pisces, just 
brighter than 1st magnitude, 
and a degree north of the Moon 
on the 5th. 

Jupiter will be visible in the 
west in the early evening but will 
be setting at 21 h by the middle 
of the month. Magnitude -2.2, 
just north of the Moon on the 

Saturn m Ophiuchus, mag- 
nitude 0.5, will be rising from 
two to three hours before the 
Sun. Moon not far from it on the 
26th and Venus quite close to it 
on the 25th. 

Uranus is a morning object 
but was in conjunction with the 
Sun last month and is still loo 
near for observation. 

Neptune is still nearer to the 
Sun than is Uranus. 

The Moon: first quarter, 
6d23h; full. 1 Sd03h. last quarter 
22d23h; new 29dl4h. 

Algol: approximate times of 
evening minima are just after 
midnight I2ih-13th, 15d21 Vjh, 
and iSdlSh. 

The Earth will reach peri- 
helion. the point in its orbit 
nearest to the Sun, at 4d23h. 
The distance of the Sun will then 
be 0.983 of its 1 mean distance, 
which means 147.1 million 
kilometres (91.4 million miles); 
its maximum angular diameter 
will be almost constant at 3Z29 
arc minutes for several days. 

Attention was drawn last 
month to the nebula in Orion, 
and readers were invited to 
consider its colour. There 
should have been a word of 
wanting: look at the object 
before looking at the coloured 
picture in modern popular 
books — there is a tendency to 
see what you expect to see. 

To most of us the impression 
is white and such colour as there 
is with binoculars tends to be 
green. The pictures are very for 
from green. 

The diagram straws me brtgiiter stars that will be above the horizon tn ttietatt- 
hide or London al 23to (t 1 got] at the beginning. 22H (to PRO in OiemKItBe, and 
Zl It (9 pm) at the end of the month, local mean time. At places away from the 
Greenwich meridian the Greenwich tiroes at which the diagram applies are taler 
than the above by one hour for each 15 deg west of Greenwich and earlier by a 
like amount if the place be easL The map should be turned so that the horizon 
the observer to facing (shown by the words around the drde) is at the bottom, 
the zenith being at me centre. Greenwich Mean Time, known to astronomers as 
Vnlveraai Time and eapresaed In 24-hour notation, ts used In the accompanying 
nates unless otherwise stated. 

The short explanation is that 
the response of photographic 
film is different from that of the 
eye, and it can, by long expo- 
sure, accumulate tight, whereas 
the eye takes an instantaneous 

Readers will know that or- 
dinary tight is a mixture of many 
colours ranging from red to 
violet. Scientists prefer the 
terms wavelength or frequency, 
red is long wavelength and low 
frequency, and violet the 

Ordinary stars, including the 
Sun, emit a complete mixture, a 
hot star like Rigel having a 
larger proportion of short wave 
and a cool one tike Betelgeuse 
more of the long wave. 

The nebula m Orion is of 
quite a different nature, a mass 
of gas and dust of very low 
density and pressure (on Earth 
we should call it a good vacuum) 
about 1 ,500 light-years away. As 
there is no precise boundary one 
cannot quote a size, but some- 
thing between 30 and 100 light- 
years is of the right order. 

When gas at low pressure is 
stimulated to emit it is very 
selective in the wavelength of its 

emission, and when its light is 
spread out in a spectroscope it 
shows a series of bright tines of 
one (or a small group) 

A prominent one is green, a 
wavelength to which the eye is 
responsive but at which the 
photographic film is particularly 
weak in comparison with the 
others. Hence the difference. 

When this green line was first 
discovered it could not be 
identified in our laboratories 
and was called Nebulium. It is 
now known to be doe to oxygen 
and nitrogen atoms, which 
under the conditions existing in 
the nebula have lost one or two 
of their electrons. The nebula in 
Orion is a region in which new 
stars are evolving. 

Readers were also invited last 
month to look at the middle star 
of the handle of the Plough (part 
of Ursa Major). That is Mizar, 
magnitude 2.1, and good sight 
will show a near neighbour. 
Alcor at 4.2; with not so good 
sight it is easy with binoculars. 

A small telescope, say H6 
inches aperture and magnifica- 
tion 10. wifi show that Mizar 
iiself is a double star. 

University news 


The following honorary 
will be conferred on June 17: 

DD: The Rev Christopher Fran- 
cis Evans, emeritus professor of 
New Testament Studies, King's 
College London 

LID: John Harrison Burnett. 
Principal and Vice-Chancellor, 
Edinburgh University; Sir 

Alistair Robert Currie, emeritus 

professor of pathology, Edin- 
burgh University; John Alexan- 
der Dick, formerly Sheriff 
Principal of Glasgow and 
Stiathkelvin; Lord Flowers, 
Vice-Chancellor, London 

University; William Lc gga t Wales 
Smith, chairman of the board of 
governors of Glasgow School of 

DLht: David Daiches. formerly 
director. Institute of Advanced 
Studies in Humanities, Edin- 
burgh University; William 
Hardy McNeill, Robert A 
Milliken Distinguished Service 
Professor of History, University 
of Chicago. 

DSc: John McColl B re inner. 

Curtiss Distinguished Professor 
in Agriculture, Professor of 
Agronomy and Biochemistry, 

Iowa State University; Gaetano 
Fichera, professor of higher 
mathematical analysis, Univer- 
sity of Rome. 

Honorary fellowships are to be 
awarded to the following; 

Dr Richard H Gallagher, Vice- 
President, Worcester Poly- 
technic, US; Mr Emyr Owen 
Humphreys, the author; Mr 
Illtyd Rhys Lloyd. Chief Inspec- 
tor of Schools of Wales; Mr 
Terence Hedley Matthews, 
chairman of the Newbridge 
Communication Networks 
Corporation, based in Ottawa; 

Lora MolJoy, member of court, 
Reading University; Mr Ernest 
Fercival Morris, genera] man- 
ager, management services for 
the Prudential Assurance Com- 
pany; the Rev William Rhys 

Nicholas, former president of 
the Welsh Congregational 
Church in - Wales; Mr John 
Ormond, poet and film-maker; 
Professor Meirion Wyn Rob- 
erts, professor of physical chem- 
istry, University College 
Cardiff; Dr Shi Shao-xi, former 
president of Tianjin -University. 
China; Professor Margaret 
Stacey, professor of sociology at 
Warwick University; Dr Jean 
Thomas, fellow and college 
lecturer of New Hall, Cam- 
bridge; Dr Leslie Reginald 
Vemey, consulting engineer to 
the Brussels company. Union 
Miniere SA; the Ven Henry 
Craven Williams, vice-president 
of the college. 

Science report 

New test identifies squinting babies 

By Andrew Wiseman 

The importance of diagnosing 
and treating cases of squints 
as eariy in infancy as possible 
has been emphasized in the 
results of new research. 

Scientists have discovered 
that unless the fault is Identi- 
fied at an eariy stage, it 
becomes increasingly difficult 
to prevent a Lasting impair- 
ment of vision in later years. 

Those are foe findings of Dr 
Ruxandra Sirentann, of the 
Max Planck Institute for 
Brain Research. Together 
with Professor KJ*. Bocgen, 
from tire Munich Eye Clime, 
she has developed a technique 
for investigating squints in 
babies before they can talk. 

It is a refinement of the so- 
called “preferential looking 
— j--j« evolved by the 
psychologist, Dr 

Davida Teller, of Washington 
University, Seattle, and makes 
it possible to diagnose squints 
in babies as young as four 

Held by their mothers, who 
wear dark glasses so as not to 
influence them by involuntary 
reactions, the babies face a 
panel divided into a cage — 
formed tty vertical white and 
black lines — and an empty 
space. The bars of the cage can 
be made to appear on either 
side of the panel and their 
width can be altered daring an 
eye test 

initial experiments showed 
that all babies preferred to 
focus on the cage and not the 
blank space. As the bare of the 
cage were made thinner — by 
vary ing the Sgbt intensity 
behind them — the squinting 

babies found it more and more 
difficult to identify them. 

Gradually they failed to 
distinguish between cage and 
panel. When Chat happened 
they spent as much time 
looking at the panel as at the 
cage. By recording the bafaws' 
eye movements the. research- 
ers were able to determine how 
(dearly tire squinting eye could 
focus and see, even though the 
babies were not able to tell 
The Munich team has 
established that the eye devel- 
ops most rapidly during the 
first six months and then 
somewhat more slowly until 
the fifth or sixth year. _ 

A squint in eariy infancy 
could weaken the eye perma- 
nently. The brain must be 
taught to process optica] sig- 
nals and it caanot learn prop- 

erly from a squinting eye. 

They also found that squint- 
ing distorts spatial awareness, 
affecting the central field of 
vision more than the periph- 
eral one. Patients with squints 

were asked to cover their good 
eye and airange three dots in a 
vertical line. In most cases 
they placed the centre dot 
either too far to the left or the 

Other tests have shown that 
amblyopia, dimness of virion 
without any apparent disorder 

in the eye itsetfr could often be 
traced to squinting in infancy. 

It cannot be corrected by the 
wearing of glasses . and is 
directly attributable to a lack 
of communication between 
brain and eye. But it could now 
be overcome by treating the 
squint of babes iq aims. 



Amateur who made history exciting 

- commented not. only on to 
quality of the writing, bu. also 
on the wide scholarship that 
behind this account ol the 

EMpd&to&Z oiettan ^ ^Mrish conflict A. the 


— ^ J961> W hen the first 

Mr DangfidA 

whose historical fflasieroiece -Tha?s j^v just the way it 
neS,™ S e DMh QfO^ (Stion did 

December 26. He was 82. 

He was bora on October 28, 
1904, at Newbury. Berkshire. 
His fetber was an Anglican 
clergyman, the rector of 
Mix bury-cum-Fmmere, in the 
diocese of Oxford. 

He was educated at the 
Forest School, Walthamstow, 
and at Hertford College. Ox- 
ford. where he was a contem- 
porary of Evelyn Waugh. He 
took his degree in 1927, and 
spent the next two years 
abroad as a teacher of English, 
first in Prague, and later m 
Hamburg. , . 

In 1930 he moved to the 

paperback edition was pro- 
duced. it started to become a 
best-seller. It has now been 
published in nineteen separate 
editions and has achieved the 
status of a classic. 

Though some of its argu- 
ments have been disproved by 
later scholarship, the books 
power to stimulate and excite 
has not diminished with the 
nflcjtp oe of time, since the 
brilliance of its style is 
matched by the vividness of 
its narrative. 

As a recent scholar has put 
“Dangerfield’s images. 

In iyju ne moveu » uic ^ “Deerfield's images. 
United States where be found characterizations and provoc- 
a job with a publishing firm. at j ve ideas are inescapably 
From 1933 to 19 j3 he hn pressed upon the minds of 

literary editor of Vanity Fair. 
In this period he wrote essays, 
articles and reviews in .Ameri- 
can literary publications, and 
he also travelled in various 
parts of the country as a 
professional lecturer. 

Throughout his life he was 
dominated by a great enthusi- 
asm for the study ofhisiory. In 
1933 he published the first of 
his historical books, Bengal 
Mutiny, whose relative suc- 
cess inspired him to continue 
his studies. 

He began to read pre-war 
English history in the New 
York Public Library with an 
intensity comparable with 
Karl Marx's labours in the 
British Museum. The result 
was the crowning achieve- 
ment of his career. The 
Strange Death of Liberal Eng- 
land, winch was published in 
America in 1935. 

The first British edition 
appeared the following year, 
though with strictly limited 
discussion of the lime gun- 
running (for fear of libel 
proceedings; by Major 
Crawford), and without the 
last chapter. “The Lofty 
Shade”, which the publisher 
(Constable) considered 

The book received some 
notice in the press, and Lord 
Beaverbrook, for one. was 

historians, excepting the dull- 
ard and pedestrian.” 

During the Second World 
War he served with the 102nd 
Infantry Division, US Army, 
and in 1943 became an Ameri- 
can citizen. 

After the war he established 
a considerable reputation in 
the field of American history, 
especially of the early nine- 
teenth century. The Era of 
Good Feelings (1952) won a 
Pulitzer Prize in 1953. as well 
as' the Bancroft Prize. Chan- 
cellor Robert Livingston of 
A ‘ew York (I960) won the 
Marquis award for biography. 

These were followed by The 
Awakening of American Na- 
tionalism: 1815-1828, pub- 
lished in 1965. Dangerfield 
produced other significant es- 
says and articles in this area of 
historical scholarship. 

But his interest in English 
history never waned. In 1941 
he wrote Victoria's Heir The 
Education of a Prince. When 
this was re-issued thirty years 
later, one reviewer said that its 
great virtue was that it was 
“concerned with politics, not 

In 1976 he published his last 
major work. The Damnable 
Question. A Study in Anglo- 
Irish Relations , a book that 
won general acclaim. Critics 

menu - like those of Strange 
Death - did not go 

One of the best of the 
vounger Irish historians. Roy 
Foster. referred to 
Danger-field's “addiction to 
the drawing out of sinking 
geometrical patterns from the 
historical fabric”, which went 
with “an Actonian faculty for 
sharp condemnation and al- 
most casual judgement”, it 
was these very qualities that 
made him so invigorating. Yet 
in the Irish question there 
were depths that defied “a 
neat reduction or an abstract 

Dangerfield’s lively enthusi- 
asm for the study of history 
did noL on the whole, attract 
the academic mind. Although 
he was appointed Benjamin 
D. Shreve Fellow at Princeton 
in 1957-8. and was invited to 
lecture at Berkeley, the .Ameri- 
can academic world largely 
neglected his talents. 

From 1968 to 1972 he w as a 
lecturer in history at the 
University of California, San- 
ta Barbara. When an under- 
graduate there was asked what 
it was like to be taught by 
Dangerfield. he replied: “It 
was magic” 

In March 1983. on the 
occasion of the fiftieth anni- 
versary of Strange Death. 
scholars from various parts of 
the United Stares, and from 
several universities in Britain, 
came together to pay their 
respects to Dangerfield at a 
meeting of the Pacific Coast 
Conference on British Studies. 

Dangerfield was a gentle, 
diffident man whose love of 
history was. nevertheless, 

He married Mary Spedding 
in 1928. Later, in 1941. he 
married Mary Lou SchoiL 
After the Second World War 
they made their home at Santa 
Barbara. There were two 
daughters and a son of this 


Elsa Lan Chester, stage and 
film actress, and widow of 
Charles Laughton, died on 
December 26. She was 84. 

■ She was a person of many 
talents - singer, dancer, artist 
and writer as well as actress - 
with a leaning towards the 
comic and eccentric. 

Elsa Sullivan (she later took 
her mother’s name, 
Lanchester) was bom in Lewi- 
sham, south London, on Octo- 
ber 28, 1902, of socialist 
vegetarian parents who were 
friendly with some of the 
leading artists and writers of 
the day. At the age of eleven 
she started a classical dancing 
club for local children, became 
an assistant teacher of dance 
at the Margaret Morris School 
in Chelsea, and at sixteen 
founded the Children’s The- 
atre, presenting songs, dances 
and plays. She also attended 
the Isadora Duncan dancing 
school in Paris. 

While still in her teens she 
helped to found a tbeatre- 
cum-nightdub in London 
called the .Cave of Harmony, 
which put on plays and caba- 
ret; and h was there that she 
first blossomed as a singer in 
her own one-woman show. 
She was a lively personality, 
easily recognizable by her mop 
of rwl hair and Bohemian 

From the eariy 1920s she 
concentrated on the theatre, 
making her professional debut 
1922 and appearing in 
several plays, classical as well 
as contemporary, under the 
management of Sir Nigel 
Playfair. She met Charles 
Laughton, a young actor from 
Scarborough, in 1927, when 
they were both cast in a stage 
adaptation of the Arnold Ben- 
nett novel, Mr Prohack. They 
married two years later. 
Though temperamentally they 
were very different, it proved 
to be a durable relationship. 

The Laughtons entered 
films towards the end of the 
silent era, and Miss 
Lanchester appeared in the 
original version of Margaret 
Kennedy’s The Constant 
Nymph. But their first consid- 
erable success together was on 
the stage in G S. Forester's 

The Bride of Frankenstein, 
playing both the bride and 
Frankenstein’s creator, Mary 

In 1936 she played opposite 
her husband in another distin- 
guished Korda film. Rem- 
brandt he was the painter and 
she Hendrikje, the young 
maid who married him but 
died a few weeks later. Al 
Christmas that year she played 
Peter Pan at the London 
Palladium, with Laughton as 
Captain Hook. 

The following year he 
formed his own film compa- 
ny, Mayflower Productions, 
with the expatriate German, 
Ericb Pommer. Their first 
picture, a Somerset Maugham 
story, Vessel of Wrath, gave 
Miss Lanchester a good part as 
a prim spinster, but she was 
disappointed to be passed 
over in favour oFVivien Leigh 
for the company's next film, 
St Martin’s Lane. She took to 
writing instead, and her auto- 
biographical book, Charles 
Laughton and I (1938), had 

critical and popular acclaim 
on both sides of the Atlantic. 

The eventual failure of 
Mayflower Productions sent 
Laughton back to the United 
Slates where, in 1939, Miss 
Lanchester joined him. 
Though they were sensitive to 
the criticism that they had 
deserted Britain at a time of 
crisis, they settled in Califor- 
nia and later, in 1950, became 
American citizens. 

In 1941 she began a long 
association with the Turn- 
about Theater in Los .Angeles, 
where she presented a series of 
one-woman shows. She also 
took character parts in a 
number of films. 

Nine years later she and 
Laughton appeared in Billy 
Wilder's Witnessfor the Prose- 
cution, based on a play by- 
Agatha Christie, and both 
were nominated for Oscars - 
he for his performance as a 
barrister defending a man on a 
murder charge, and she as his 
nurse. In 1958 they returned 
to the London stage, in Jane 
Arden’s play. The Party. 

After Laughton’s death in 
1962, Miss Lanchester contin- 
ued to be active in films and 
could enliven the most medio- 
cre production. She was equal- 
ly at home in Walt Disney 
pictures like Mary Poppins 
and Bluebeards Castle, and in 
horror, where one of her best 
later roles was the domineer- 
ing mother in Willard (1971). 

She was a private person, 
preferring the company of 
flowers in her garden. A 
second book of reminiscences. 
Elsa Lanchester Herself, ap- . 
peared in 1983. 

There were no children of 
the Laughtons' marriage. 


Professor Arnold Kettle, 
one of the most distinguished 
Marxist literary critics of the 
last 40 years in the West, died 
on Christmas Eve. He was 70. 

Arnold Charles Kettle was 
bora on March 17, 1916, the 
sdn of a shopkeeper. He went 
through Merchant Taylors’ 
School and then to Pembroke 
where he 

Payment De ferred. ^ The pro- history and literature. In 
duction transferred to New 1939 jjg ^ elected a Com- 

York, and from it Laughton 
started a film career in Holly- 
wood. But there was no work 
there for his wife, who re- 
turned to Britain. 

Back in London, however, 
she met the Hungarian pro- 
ducer,. Alexander Korda, a 
meeting which led to one of 
the Laughtons’ most celebrat- 
ed films, The Private life of 
Henry VIII, in 1933. 

He took the name part and 
she, with flaxen wig and a 
convincing German accent, 
was Anne ofCleves. It proved 
to be one of the British 
cinema's most popular offer- 
ings to that date, but afro- it, 
typically, the Laughtons re- 
turned 16 the theatre in an Old 
Vic season under Tyrone 

A second trip to Hollywood 
proved more fruitful for Miss 

monwealth Fellow and spent 
the next two years at Yale. 

On his return lo England, he 
joined the Royal Corps of 
Signals with the rank of 
captain, and served from 1942 
to 1946 in Yugoslavia, Italy 
and India. 

In 1947, he was appointed 
lecturer in the department of 
English at Leeds University, 
then .(under Professor 
Bonamy Dotrree) one of the 
most exciting schools of Eng- 
lish in Britain. 

In 1967 . Kettle was 
seconded to the University of 
East Africa, at Dar es Salaam 
as professor of literature. 
Three years later he was 
appointed the first professor 
of -literature at the Open 
University, where he taught 

Kettle had joined the Com- 
mumsi Party of Great Britain 
m 1936 while at Cambridge 
and he remained a life-long 
member, serving for many 
years on its executive comm- 
ittee as well as on the editorial 
board of Marxism Today . 

He neither flaunted nor 
apologised for his unswerving 
politual commitment. In spite 
of it his .many colleagues at 
three universities regarded 
nun as a man of complete 
integrity and generous 

nJted r ^ a r ? S ? io,aaJ nation 
rosted mainly on his twe 

volume An Introduction to the 
English Novel (1951 AT 
though he also wrote a few of 
seminal essays, among which 
5? l f {2 Co Q rad was described 

iu ®oyie of 
Handsworth as providing lhe 

shrewdest insight into rhat 
author that he knew. 

^ . a man of wide 
and discriminating artistic 

teste; a lover of music K 

ciafly opera) and films. 
as books. His favourite com- 
I»ser was Mozart his feSl 
!? ^{waor.Luchino Visconti, • 

Lanchester, who appeared ■ His contribution to the OU 
with Nelson Eddy and Jean- its .formative . years, both as 
nette Macdonald in Naughty professor and, for a time, as 
Marietta, and achieved a. pro-vice-chancellor, was cru- 
striking personal success in ckU. 

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until bis retirement in- 1981. °' «>»ptionaI interest 

OUin of Scbut*ri 

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His wife, Maigot, whom hi» 
married ,n 1946 survivShim 
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BARTLC - TUSSS. On Decemoer 25M 
in Calui anil Aitwmtnde Kerry) a son. i 
Rlcnarfl Al» 

BROAD On 26W Dw t nww U E2 no- I 
brih i net BraiBev) and fianakf a son. \ 
Joiuiiun Ketuv Robertson 

CBFEWJH - On December 27th to ! 
Singapore, la Paula «n*c Emery) and ; 
Johnny, a daughter. isobd. 

KNAPP On December 23rd at FrtraJey j 
Park Hospital. IO Wanna I Nee 
Chatter! and Barry a son. Adam ! 
Wit tram Peter. 

OKPEUPALMBt - On December 18 
1986. at Kings College Hospital, to ' 
Ptuuopa tnee Neely) and Jeremy, a 1 
son. Nathaniel Thomas. 

PRITCHARD on 23rd December to ! 
Adeline ine£ Siewarti and David « i 
son. Nicholas John William, a broth- 
er f or c narloae. 

SCHOFIELD - On December 1701. to 
Puma i nee Burton) and Puttie. a 
daughter. Beatrice Mary, a slater for 

SHELLARD On December 26 th to 
Christian* and David a son. 

ACC-MAMHnra - On December 23rd 
in Nairobi. Roderick James Fettoo. 
aged 39. husband of Susan, father of 
Juliet and Edward. Nder son cd Jane 
and the late James and brother of 
Nicholas. Donations U wished lo the 
Imperial Cancer Research Fund. 

ASHESMOV. On December 24Ui. 
peacefully in Ewell. Elizabeth Anne, 
aged 66. widow of Igor N Ashe&bov 
and a rare friend. Cremation at Ran- 
dalls Park Crematorium. 
Leatherhead on Friday 2nd January 
al 2 pm. 

CAMERON - Lieutenant General sir 
Alexander Maurice Cameron KBE. 
CB MC of Sprinsflelds. BUborough 
Road, walla i on. Nomngnam. peare- 
fully ai the Queens Medical Centre 
on December 2Sth 1986 aged 88 
years. Funeral service will be held at 
Saint Helens Church. Trowed. Not- 
tinghamshire on Monday Jamary 
5ih 1987 a! 11 am followed by cre- 
mation at Bramcote crematorium. 
No (lowers by request, donations if 
desired lo Saafa. C/O GT Edwards 
- Funeral Directors. 126 Nottingham 
Road. Ilkeston. Derbyshire (0602) 

CHAUNDY- On Christmas day 1986 at 
Hampstead. Doreen, much loved sis- 
ter of Mildred Burk and Edith Bruhl 
and daughter of the late William Leo- 
pold and Edith Mary Chaundy. 
Funeral service at GaWers Green cre- 
matorium West Chapel on 
Wednesday 31 si December at 
2 . 00 pm. 

DAVIES, on 26th December 1986. 
John Rhys (JackL aged 69 years, of 
Blanche Farm. South Mtmins. Pol- 
lers Bar. after a long illness bravely 
borne. Funeral service at St 
Margaret's Church. Ridge on 
Wednesday 3ist December at 1.30 
pm. No (lowers by reouesL but dona- 
tions If desired lo St Margaret's 
Restoration Fund, c/o C A 
Ncthercott and Son Ltd. ISO Darkes 
Lane. Potters Bar. Herts. 

EVANS On 25th December 1966 
Charles Emlyn Evans O.BE 
C£_N.G_ Fj. Chemle. At the London 
Bridge HoapttaL Cremation at The 
Honor Oak Qronalorlani on Wednes- 
day 51st December 1966. No flowers 
Please. Donation to Imperial cancer 
Research Fund. Further Information 
from FA Atom A sons Ltd. Tel:Ol 
237 3637 

FAMLEY- On December 26th peace- 
fully at home Dorothy Amy touched 
loved mother or Don and the late An- 
son and companion to Ruth. 
Enquires to Traenefls. Bideford 

FALK US - On December 20lh 1986. 
peacefully at her home In her deep. 
Jane Constance, dearly loved stster 
of Ottve and aunt of RefUa. Joanna. 
Keith and Cedric and stepmother of 
Gordon and Kenneth. A Service of 
Thanksgiving wfl) be held to the East 
ChapeL Breakspear Crematorium. 
Ridslip an January 9th at 2.00 pm. 
Flowers or donations (Ur the Musi- 
cians Benevolent Fund may sent lo 
T.A.EDemeniASonLkLJMrOl 866 

FRANKS - On December 26th at her 
home. Greenwood Drive. Boston, 
lines. Sylvia Jean aged 62 years be- 
loved sister of Phyllis. Iris. Bernard. 
Gordon. Joan. Albert Dennis. Betty, 
and Anne. Thankfully at resL Funer- 
al service to be held on Wednesday 
3ist December at Holy Trinity 
Church at 10.00am. Followed by 
cremation. Family flowers only 
please. Donations If desired to 
T.E.A.R. Fund or The Bible Society. 
C/O Carr Funeral Service. BO Wide 
Bargate. Boston. PE21 6SE ‘ 

FRIGHT On December 26th 1986 In 
Battle Hospital Reading. Angela, 
aged 88. wife of the late Cedi Rich- 
ard and dearly loved and loving 
mother of Salty and Margaret. Fu- 
neral, Tuesday December 30th. 
3.00pm.. Christ Church. Christ- 
church Road. Reading, followed by 
cremation at Reading Oematnriam. 
Ail Hallows Road. Simple flowen. or 
donations to Christian Aid or. Mario 
Curie Memorial Foundation. Further 
enquiries. Cyril Lovegrove. Funeral 
directors. Reading 0734 52016 

FHEDMANN - On December 20th 
1986. Carl Eduard. Cremation has 
taken place. No letters. 

GfLCMUST - FISHER - On 22nd De- 
cember 1986. Aiaadatr seed 2ft. 
Peacefully In bis sleep In London, af- 
ter a long Illness bravely fought. 
Adored elder son of Charles and 
Christian and b r o ther of Rosaiute 
and Christopher. Funeral private. No 
letters or flowers please but dona- 
tions may be sent lo: Lambeth 
Community Care Centre. Monkton 
Street. London. SEI 1. Memorial ser- 
vice to be announced later. 

GOTO*. On Christmas Day. peacefully 
al Malvern, to ber ninety sixth year. 
Mary u»e6 FoxL widow of Bernard C 
Gotch. late of Cumnor. Dearly towed 
by three generations of nieces and 
nephews and her many friends. Fu- 
neral service at St Michael’s Parish 
Church. Cumnor. Oxford at 2-50 pm 
on Monday 5tti January 1967, fol- 
lowed by private cremation. Flowers 
to Messrs Reeves and Pain. 288 
Abingdon Rd . Oxford by 12 noon or 
to the church. Dona Hons If desired to 
the Historic Churches Preservation 
Trust. Fulham Palace. London SW6. 

HAIMS. On Christmas Eve. suddenly 
at home. Elisabeth (fbnneriy TazerX 
a loving and devoted wife of Daek 
and mother lo Penny and Timothy. 
Funeral to be held at the Old Town 
Church. St Marys, tries of Sefly. 

HUDSON oo 23rd December Photo 
Alexander quietly to hospital, be- 
loved husband of Loveday 
Catherine. Funeral at 12 noon at 8t 
Botolph's Without AMersgate on 
Tuesday 30th December. 

HUDSON On autstmas Eve. Qeodrey 
Russell aged 77. In hospital faOowtng 
an operation. Father of Theresa. 
Roger, and Michael. Grandfather of 
Leonora. Oliver. Toby. George. Jessi- 
ca. Rowena and Amabel. Funeral al 
St Peters Priory Church. Tburgarion 
an Wednesday 3in December at No flowers, donations If 
desired to GRH Neurosurgery Mano- 
rial C/O National Westminster Bank. 
81 Carrington Street Notttngham. 

HUfBHES. On 23rd December. John 
Claude Norman, peacefully at home 
In Hove, beloved hiatond of the tale 
Phyllis Margaret loving father, sadly 
missed and dearly loved by Ids 
daughter Sheila. Service on Wednes- 
day 3lst December. Woodvale 
Crematorium. Lewes Road. Brighton 
at 3.30 pm. Family (lowers only. Do- 
nations if d es ir ed to Cancer Relief 
Fund. 30. Dorset Square. NW1. 

HUSTON - On 24th December 1986 
suddenly at home Christopher 
Huston. MBChB. FRCS (Ed } aged 85 
years of 4. Scartho Road. Grtmsoy. 
Dearly loved tunband of Nonna and 
loving tamer of Richard and Mary. 
Requiem Mass at Salni Ptu* RC 
Church. Wednesday 31st December 
9.30 am followed by continual al 
Grimsby crematorium 10.30 am. No 
flowers by request but If so desired 
donations In tteu for me Brinsn Hrarf 
Foundation, may be sent C/O Mid- 
land Bank 55. Victoria Street 
Grimsby. South Humberside. 

JONES- On December 24th suddenly 
at Wotlon Nursing Home. Glouces- 
ter. Sir Eric Jones K.CAt.G.. CJL. 

C B E- dear father of Shetaoh and 
Peter, brother of Ruby and Vernon 
Service at Si. Catharine's Church. 
London Road. Gloucester on 
Wednesday December 5lst at 2.15 
pm. cremation to fallow. Family 
flowers only, donations lo National 
Slar Centre. LUenwood Manor. 

KBWHWI>Oo December 21* 1086. 

suddenly at home. Laurence Charles. < 
■god 79. betov« husband ef OUve , 
Hathaway ana father or Richard. 
Donald. Brian. Valerie, AM and i 
June. Funeral service at Holy Trinity j 
Church. Northwood on Monday Jan- 
uary 6Ui t967 at 12.00 noon. , 
Followed by interment at Woodcock ; 
Hfll Cemetery. Flowen to £. Spark i 
Ud. HM Pinner Rd. North wood. ' 

LAWMAN On December 20m. sudden- 
w aa Uie hockey field at Trtng . 
S i m o n Lawman nonet 42. CtaMcti . 
record producer, much toned tun- 
band of Sylvie, tauter or Dominic 
and Adam and son of Peggy Law- ; 
man of Higher Ashton. Devon. , 
Funeral service at 11 . 00 am on De- 
cember 29th at Christchurch. , 
Choricv wood common. Family 
towers only, ao n a tt o n a if desired to 
The British Kean Foundation. 102 1 
CSoucester Place. London W1H 4DH j 

MAT 4 P MH AM. On ChrHtmas day at 
Princess Alice Hospice. Esher. Ian , 
Mormon Rom Mactenran K.CJM.G.. ' 
aged 77. Funeral and memorial mt 
' vice at Si Andrew's Church. Church 
Rd. Ham Co mmon , on Tuesday 6th 
January at 1 pm. Famfly flower* 
only please, but dooatfons if desired 
to Prtncem Alice Hospk*. Esher. 
Survey AU enquiries to TH Santas. 1 
Ol 549 8967. 

MAHMOMT-On 2ist December 1986 
peacefully at borne John Bernard. 
Much loved husband of Bridget Ve- 
ronica and father to Kteran. John. 
Catherine and Sandra. HU pr esence 
win be grexttv missed. 

—ARCH On December 26th Po wfu l iy j 
at home 2 BescMIetd Road. Gosfbrtn. 
Newcastle Upon Tyne. Stanley Cren- 
vioe March aged 77 years, dearly 
loved husband of Margaret. Service 
at All Saints Church Goaforth. Tues- 
day December 30Ui al 2.1&pm 
foaowed by private cremation. Fam- 
ily flowers only. 

MARKUS • On December 22nL peace- 
fully Eva. beloved mother of Marl 
and JutL 

MUfttSON. On 27th December 1986. 
in Norway. John Charles 
Cansbrooke (Pete), aged 72. beloved 
husband of Anne and flutter of Mary 
Anne and Robert. Private funeral m 

HORTON On December 24th. at Kings 
Ride Nursing Home. Ctovedon. myt- 
hs Mary, aged 89. eldest child of the 
late Dr and Mrs Harvey Norton of 
Keniungton. London. 

OWEN. On 23rd December, peaceftdly 
In hospital. Thomas Joseph, aged 83 
years, former Town aerk of Not- 
tingham. Cremation strictly private. 
No flower* please. 

PATON- On December 19th. suddenly 
and peacefully, Kathleen Mary 
(Kay), beloved wife of the late Gor- 
don Stuart and much loved mother 
and grandmother. Funeral private. 
Thanksgtvtng Sendee at 12 noon on 
Wednesday January 14th at St Si- 
mon Zeiotes. Milner SL SW3. 
Donations ff wished, to the 
Parkinsons' Society. 

PEACOCK • Mrs Kathleen Mary or 
. Rustlngun and f ocmertey Bedw 
widow of Erne* Peacock an Christ- 
mas day. Funeral win be id Worthing 
crematorium at Flndon on Wednes- 
day 31st at 2.30pm. No flowers 
except nog- family please, but dona- 
tions lo St. Barnabas Home via 
Holland and Sons to whom all en- 
quires should be directed. Tel <0903) 

nCKElWW - On December 23ni 1986 
peacefully In BaMngion Homttal Der- 
byshire. Cuthben Edward aged 83 
year* formally of Bedford School 
and Ashburnham Court. Bedford. 
Much loved father of Paul and Eliza- 
beth. Funeral sender Friday 
January 2nd 230 pm at 
ST -Andrews Church. B edford, fol- 
lowed by cremation. Family flower* 
only please, if desired donations for 
Bedford School General Fund, also 
further Inquiries lo: L.CJ. Arnold 
Funeral Directors. 48 Roff Avenue. 
Bedford MK41 7TE. TO (0234) 

NKHARDSON On December 25rd 
suddentey to Canterbury. Captain 
John Sherbrooke Morris D5.0. RN. 
Much loved hrsband of Peep and &- 
flw of Brooke and Aim. Funeral 
service at Barham Crematorium 

.Canterbury- — 11. SOanc -December 
Slsfc Family flowen only: Donations 
V desired to Royal Nailoaal Ufcbosl 

rnuHnili. - 

R O BBim i - On December 23rd. 
peacefully at home in Purtor after a 
Iona Dtneas boma with greet courage 
and cheerfulness. John G rain ge r 
Robinson, adored h us band of Judy 
(Alberta) and lowing father to John 
and Anne. Funeral December SOtb. 2 
pm al SLSwfthun'S Church. Pulley. 
Family flowers only. Donations may 
besent to Motor Neurone Disease As- 
aodaben. 61 Derogate. 
Northampton. NNl 1UE. 

SCOTT. On December 22nd. peaceful- 
ly at DUchhng. Sussex. Ursula VksteL 
beloved mother of Peter and James. 
Funeral at DttchUng Church at 2.30 
pm on Decanter 3 1st. Flower* to 
Daveys. 31 High SL Hur*. by 12 pm. 

! STIVE*. Or December 2601 1966 at 
to. The Butts. Haddington. Tits Rev- 
erend David Siroe SHven M.CJXD.. 
husband of the late Peggy Mcfnlosh. 
lately Minister at Teolethead. 

. GUcomstones SL Cohn's. InveresJc 
SL Michael's. Iona and Rom of MulL 
Sendee at MononhaU Cre m atorium 
on Monday 29th December at 1-30 
pm. Family flowers only. 

STRAKER - On 24 th December at 
Charlotte Straker Hospital Ma r ga ret 
A-B. Straker of High Warden. 
Hexham in her 92nd year, widow of 
Edward Straker. Funeral At Saint Mi- 
chael and All Angels. Warden. 
11.30am Tuesday 30th December. 

SYKES - on December 23rd 1986. 
peacef u lly at home after a tong Al- 
ness. courageously borne. Peter 
HartnolL dearly loved husband of Di- 
ana and beloved Esther of Peter and 
Dee Sendee at St John's Church. 
BUndley Heath Near Godstone Sur- 
rey on Tuesday December 30th at 
10.45 am and that Worth 
Crematorlam HAS am- Fteufly 
flowers only. D nn aBo ra please Kings 
College HospOaL Scanner Appeal. 

TODD, on December 24m 1986 at 
MldhursL Sir Geoffrey Todd 
K.C.V.O.. O.BX.. D.I_ F.RJXP., 
FJFL A.CJ>.. beloved husband of Mar- 
got. aometh ue medical 
supertnlendanl of King Edward vn 
HospttaL MMlunsL Cremation at 
Chichester Crematorium 3JO pm. 
Wednesday 31SI Decanter. No Bow- 
ers, but donations may be sent to the 
Friends of King Edward vn Has^tM. 
Midhurst. West Sussex. A memorial 
service in the hospital chapel will be 
announced lata. Enquiries to JA 
Boulton, c/o The Hospital or 
Mldhurst (073061) 6050. 

WALKER On 23rd Decanter 1966. 
EnkL at The Croft OomsbalL Funaal 
service al Pradake Church on Mon- 
day Bto January at llJOan. All 
enquires please to Sherlock and 
Sons. Dorking (0306) 882266. 

WILLS -On December 22 nd tragically 
in Chipping Norton. Elizabeth, aged 
77. widow of David Wills. Dearly 
loved by fanny and many friends 
whose lives she enriched. Service on 
30th December dt 1.30 at Oakley 
Wood crematorium near Bishop's 
TKflbnok (on B4087L Lamtngton. 
Family flowers only. Donations. If 
des ir ed, to Shelter. 157 Waterloo 
Roa d. London SEI- 


HODGSON • Francis Everand beloved 
Oiufiy. Barrister, air gunner. 
RAFVR. Mori pour la putrte. Dec. 
29th 1944. Ever dearest. 


THUR (PETER), in loving and ever 
praiefut memory. Dooka. 

FANtTLOUGH - Alha residence. No. 9 
Alexandra Road. Gipsy HDL SX_ on 
Dec 29 1 B9& Nina, only daughter of 
the late Major FairOough. Dk» da el 
rrio segon la ropa. 

PieCOTT - to dearest memory of C P 
from Jane. 

£4 a Bae + 15% VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 
Anitounconcnis. autbcnlksicd by 
i he aamc and permanent address 
of ihc sender, may be seal ia ! 
PO BOX 484 
Vinunia Street 
London El 9XS 

or telephoned <hy idcphanc sub- 
sen hen only) la DWEl 3824. 


WOULP 4*ro*x iwvma wonnNtoi rc 
— ikuwiniiiiiri of the fat* Usur y 
Crioor who was bora M roods. Scot 
Jona an Oc uut o 3Mh ism, sea or 
MM cn*ar who OWO tn o n— nw an 

m : Monro, a now e. Soflcxon. 26 
enureb SiraeL mwrnoi. rvi ihx. 
f wWiMI Rsf: DJH/0682 

awe Hacw, MsvtMr. w* aro aim MMna 
■ on ■aniina, Mount manor and 
Iktu. coo. T VI oi « an 2622. 



*■*. tomn 60MM Of BriOM and 
OO. N MUSS Rand. sws. 01-609 


nn/txnne tQor*. WeaJ/Nortu 
Loadon. CAB gw max. Tot 
Work 01-623 8080 x 2203 
MAMIE* Cdwarasn. vicwrian asm al 
psbMd runutm Nfr Aatuon oi 9*7 
6940. 667-669 OMTStt ton. CarUMd. 

K WANTS* Lome VK wnnMtas. 

teWbottansb— *tdlpsi*i> 

etc.Ol 9*6 7683 day .Ol 7890*71 ores. 



BBT. tail 


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SaeriH offm on oNHOna 
rehi tW i i iio u i i mock. 

Law cm credit m avauawa. 



01 491 2777 


Dent worry mew iocr» of upnetu * 
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Albany SL NWt 
01 93B 8682 
Anmery Place, SE1B 
Ol 864 4517 


Thoomnds of square yards efoB 
quabnes at tersun pnea wiib interest 
6ec credh oa tdected tines. 

207 Havnsiock Hill 

01-784 0139 

CMMtCMtu. 26" 12 nor* eoata ini 
aiiauty el ect o r 2 " cates only. wetaM 
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It’s all at Trailfioders 
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Laadoa ws 6£J 

OreN 9-6 MON-SAT 

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idNudaan 01-938 MM 



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SIUHTOT*SOOW9 IMS P Id RU OUT mom. ■■ pang nHMiMmnaM faniflrt I 111 m 

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January. Ol 706 9999 C2« An oroenure tSTSFjHlTSaS^ '* a " ma 

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Greek baida. Turkey. The Algarve. 

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Tab (M04/44191 ABTA 

tra/UXL £656 PretA £366. AO tutor 
carriers to Aua/NZ. 01-694 7371 

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acture. 04 079 8146. ABTA. 

aoyoc co BototB. Reman sl wi. ot 

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vaiot 2006080 (24 Are) oi 903*44*. 


flaL en 3. TV. bale, au au w iub ea 0633 I 

UtSlAJf PLAT. Luxury SavNM K*A- 
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Town House ADannmb 573 5*53 
MSTAMT FLAT. Luxury Se r v iced Kan- 
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SAaw*» Holidays, PwanetL (07&8| 
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270 Carta Court Road. SW5 

01-244 7353 

any. Prase tatetd. table. 2 cerrtrs. 4 
cbairm. MS Boord, nrvH UMe. Cl .600 
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Sf** 9 *■ DUNNIUN near Ctly. 2 bed. lounge. CH 
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RMEST a<MMy wool camera. Al trade ****** **? *JS5K ?. SSP"* 

Sriora and under. aNo available toon toS.'SS'-SS ciaa 

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some floor ran istoo ternN 

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toed . N6. T«L 01-541 6012 . SanuUca I OV ERSEA S TRAVEL V 

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01-828 1679. 

me ran » 

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MCHSTCM Grand. 1914. 6 tt. KbonRad. 
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IDCFTn 29/12 Loodon SW1Y 5AR 

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« 441 till. 

j 8. AFRSCA Pram £466. 0168* 7571 
1 ABTA. 

j TAX* nm OFF lo Pans. Amsterdam. 
Brussels. Bruges. Oeneva. Benia. Ut- 
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01-256 8070. 

qiFSI 9PCOAUSTS Sydney o/w 
isaso Itn £788, Auckland o/w £464 rat 
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Fbran Centre 01-570 6532. 

OI4WUWB tor ham vBlas wflh pools * 
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cravoetro Onb shone Panda 
WOdMOOd Ud 02*9 817025 Or Ol 658 
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flsidng avafl. Lata cancefladon leaves 
two vacancies. DetaBs 0983 872S76 
UNKATMLC IIWMB . Last Rdu vacs. 
3rd. to Jan - did chalets, aocs. In top ' 
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—uni SUN 8DWUN dt*m to Cyprus. 
Malta. Morocco. Greece. Malaga A Te- ' 
Mdk. jataaay. February. Mock. Fan 
World Holidays Ol 75* 2562 AIM 1438. 

HONG KOMB ML MUflttOK £369. 

imraRiMirurr rm ■ miiin m mu 

6614 ABTA. 

UratCT Air Farem. Scheduled EutesaOr 
Worldwide. Mad Bar TTavaL Ol 928 

ALL ta CJIBJL Unre al tares on major 
wchoiMrn carriers. 01-584 7571 ABTA 

Bangkok. Hoa« Ktaag. Sydney. 
Mexico. Boeoca. 

Europe. A The Americas. 

Flamingo Travel, 

76 ShnUaeay Avenue 
London W1V7DO 

01-439 0102/01-439 77S1 
Open Saturday 10.(X)-I3.00 

Cta tCNTTNNB OH TBghts/hots to Eu- 
rope. USA A mod oestnaoene. 
ntoienud Travel: 01-730 2201. ABTA 

DART ABE N York £229. LA/San Fran 
£329. NttroM £399. JOtoOTO £499. 
8yd /Met £069. Bangkok £369. All di- 
rect dap are*us oi 839 7144 


Ovup departing March 1 8th lor 16 
days. Luxury trip includes downran, 
crosscountry & ben-sating. For decant 

8HBNB in Banll. Canada. Sched nights to 
Calgary Inc hotel Lift mb. car Mre 
(rum £479. CaU Kscfcie Berman Mon- 
days on 01-593 0127. ABTA. 

SKI FLMHTS. DaSy to Geneva. Zurich. 
Munich ale. From £59. SO WEST. TU 
Ol 785 9999. 

TAKE ADVANTAGE of us to January. 

SBtaB H EL 8/C IM. 5/8 beds. 
£175/365 pw. OX 737 5426 / 632* 

■ BO OK QUEEN WO ban Drier house. 
Family boura odd Jan end May. Compa- 
ny let only- Tot Ol 602 7426. 

toes In London ovadaote now Sawn 
prices. Palace Properties 01-486 8926 

BM/betne: up to Caoouw. Usual fern 
reg. Phdlfpa Kay A Lewis. South Of the 
Park Chris ea aHlre. 01-362 8111 m- 
NorUi of me Park. Itroenrs Park office. 
Ol 686 9882. 

HOUDAV LET. Untune Mm Mate. 2 
double beds, any a cces s Chelsea. Avafl 
immed to end 26th Jan. £260 pw. Tel: 
01-225 3659. 

PUTNEY MLL Quirt road, spacious S/C 
Man. t large double 5r 1 stogie bedroom. 
l OCH. Caraor A parMna bay. £180 pw. 
[ Available now. Tel: 01-769 5269. 

CENTRAL LCNBON l/«tacdnn oropcfUea 
el good standard avaU. BbotVtong 
terms. Ring Ol 980 4346. 

MAYFAIR , Hyde Itork the moot luxurious 
■Ong/shen Ms 1/6 beds, best prices 
Globe A uk t bi reib i Ol 958 9612. 

OPEN TODAY For your rental property 
raoubemepts to piaatt can Ci bb t n & 
CHariee 589 6481. 

m W £B > AMNW N BH1 to Kendngton. 
CW T.V. 24 hr SW- Telex- CbUnNiran 
Aparimous. 01-373 6306. 

LATE BUS A New Year avafl to Carih- 
beon a Seychelles with accent, cat 
toterttoe Travel 01-2*9 8663 ABTA 

LUXONY VILLAS For the discerning few 
lo France. Spain. Portugal A Greece. 
Teft 01-409 2B58 UP VILLA WORLD 


The n— « homes tor rental. 73 a 
l—w SL 8W1. 01 491 0802. 

BENIA Holiday villa, short walk to sea A 
shops. Pool. 3 bate (sleeps 8) from Cl 60 
pw. Good avafl. Tak 01-469-1908 
WORLD wax CtKAHES Wa beat any 
fare to any destination in the world. 
EALING Travel Ol 579 7778. ABTA 


The Biggest Choice on Skis 


VAL OTSERB (tun £149 


VERSER from C1S9 



01 785 7771 
Manchester Deps. General Enquiri 

0422 78121 OI 785 2200 

OJ 785 3131 
iinries ABTA 16723 

>00 ATOL 1232 




The Education Department of Tasmania has vacancies 
far qualified Speech Pathologists to wo* widi children 
in an educational sating. 

DUTIES Plan, develop and implement the 

a wn i n g ii and t reatment of 
children with a wide variety of 

^xE miT i nmttfon disordo^ 

QUALIFICATIONS A degree or diploma in Speech 
Pathology from a recognised 

and Hearing. 

SALARY S19.194 10 526,635 dependent 

upon yean of e xp e ti ence. 
ENTITLEMENTS Twenty days annual leave 
Generous sick leave 
Long service leave after 10 yean* 

Relocation expenses la 


LOCATIONS Tasmania, Australia 

LOCATIONS Tasmania, Australia 
A. Bayiy-Staric 
Senior Speed) Path o logi s t 

Winchester Hill 
Romsey Hams 
Phone 794 518350 

To arrange an interview in- London between 4th 
January and 27ih January 1986. 





A Distinguished Teacher as 


Hours and salary negotiable 

Apply in writing to: 

Sorrel Carson, Pnndpal 
Academy of Live And Recorded Arts 
Royal Victoria Patriotic Building 
Trinity Road, Wandsworth, SW18 3SX. 




Applications are invited for a Lectureship in 
Strategic Management/Bosiness Policy in the 
School of Industrial and Business Studies, 
within the expanding group in Marketing and 
Strategic Management The Group teaches a 
wide range of courses at both undergraduate and 
graduate level including a very active research 
programme.. Candidates should be able to 
demonstrate potential in both teaching and 
research. A degree of specialisation is 
encouraged but a broad range of interests would 
be preferred. The appointment will be marie on 
the Lecturer’s scale, currently £8,020 - £15,700 
(under review). 

Application forms and further particulars are 
available from the Registrar, University of 
Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (0203 523627) 
quoting ReC No: 21/A/86/J. (please mark clearly 
on envelope). Closing date for applications: 23rd 
January 1987. 



2 tftrni Optoma Course starting 
January 1907 

and 1 wan Intonslug Sacrauial 
Couraa Jan. Apr! and Sept 
3 farm Emcutfug Secraatrtai 
Coi*g« September 1987 
Prospectus: IS Duravon 
Suaet. Park Lane. 
London W1Y3FH 
Tak 01-629 2904 

Ftencb to France- An History 
to Florence, inforaunoa from 
John HML 36 lOngs Rd. Lon- 
don SW3 4NB TaL 884 7335. 

mat ra te w w —m r auu - 

MER COURSE. iBforrnraian 
from Mm Han. 56 Kings R4~ 
IQ ri c V m SW5 4NB. TO 584 

?lggggl i 

The aiteged Win nay be teen at too Of- 
fice of me Regtnrar. _ 

Z3ra Sepumber 1986 


cnMitn of toe aboorinamm Company. 
wtucti to bring voluntarily woand up. are 

regulred. on or Dent the Sin day ol 
Japuarv 1987. to tend to their full 
Christian and surnames, thrir raurexam 
end docriMtons. biB oartictilan el their 
MW or da&m, ami top names and 
addreeam of [heir SotkStan (If anyi. to toe 
■enflerdgbed Stepfm Daniel Swaden FCA 
Of 30 E a rab mnne Terrace. London W2 
6LF. toe Uquasalor of the said Compmiy. 
and. II so required by noace to writing 
tram the trad Liquidator, are. personally 
or by Dietr Catalan, to come In and prove 
torir debts or elates at such nme and 
place as Shan be speabed to such node*, 
or In dettidt thereof they wW be excluded 

train toe bentflt ol any dWribudon mode 

before web debts ore proved. 

DATED this 4th day ol December 1986 



creditors of the above-named Company. 
wntcn to being vetomarBy wound up. are 
required, on or before toe 3i« day of 
January 1987. to lead to their tun 
Christum and tommies, their addremes 
and ti m er moons, am garnnim of ttsrir 
dents or dates, sod Ow remet and 
addresses of their SoMcttors (8 any), to the 
undersigned Stephen Daniel Sweden FCA 
of 50 Eanbouroe Terrace. London W2 
GLF. toe LHuktator ol toe said Company, 
and. 8 so required by nonce to writing 
tea the oM tlqnktotnr. are. personally 
or by dietr SoUdiera. to come In and prow 
their debts or ctotes ot such tone and 
Place as shall be apedfled In such notice, 
or in deutdt thereof may wni be excluded 
from the benefit of any distribution made 
before such debts ore proved. 

DATED nib ath day ol December 1986 



Required far businessman. 
References required. 
Remuneration and hoars 

Cali between 9 - 12 am. 

01-402 3797 


Three week courses id Flower 
Arranging and FTgristty hcM 
throughout the year. 

Two day courses also 

Please nog: 

01-4938171 Tor farther detaas. 
Ixtrioa WIX 7AG. 


WCII SCHOQLT Ota- countel- 
Hno to tree and otdective. Cono 

KmghUry. 76 Notttno HIM Gala, 
wn. Tet oi-727 lanarm. 


We ate a privately owned international company with a 
broad base of activities and are setting up an office in 

We axe looking for an 

Executive Assistant 
to the General Manager 

to be responsible for the day-to-day running of oar 
London office. In addition to excellent secretarial skills 
and bookkeeping e x perie n ce, we would like a person 
who can receive and welcome guests and clients and who 
can represent os in business negotiations and to the 
press. We are looking for a very versatile, smart, well 
groomed and hard working person who is prepared to 
adapt, to accept new challenges mil responsibilities and 
to grow with us. 

Please send short handwritten letter, a ev and details of 
salary required to Paul M Griffin, Box No. D55. 



The de man d tor the trained man or woman Chiropodist In toe 
prirafr sector to tornewlng. Mast of toe mining necessary to 
qualify tar a dtatoma in chiropod y may be taken at home by vary 
gpodwishri correspondence (assorts toOowad by tuB pn&kd 
ft ato tog . You arekwhed to write for toe free booklet Iran 

to writB for toe free booklet ■ 

Tab (0528) 21100 (24 bra) aod (0628) 32449 





(Examinations 20th/ 

21st Febnaiy 1967) 

Awards of up to Half Fees 


Tbs Master 
Warminster School 
Warminster, Wife, 
8A12 8PJ 

Warm tester 
(0985) 213838 


Secretarial, Business and 
Language Courses 

Ward Proceaor 

English for Oversew 

Resident & Day 

The Registrar (TT) 

2 Arkwright road, 
Telephone: 01 435 9831 

IN 1987? 

GCE'IT orTl'levd? Appbtog 
UCCA tr Pair? GnSuanag? 
QualifiaMK 7 

MflW IS THE TIME a csssuh 
us tar expert assessment sad 
gauhree. free brndwte: 


X T T 9C Gloucester Plbce.Vri 

• • • 01-935 5452 J24 hre) 

UnOfeW im km 


Unsdowne cruses olttr ynj more 
tibi pa traSffioflai Etorini sUb. 
Ow snap awon grata « gaui 
mb>b*b vectota jHH ttnce. a 
ia« of commal she, nans 
(i Inwfews am maugcmaiL mt 
hands-on opawo m bususs 
rnnuing and tefagmcakaig. 

L aas do wae CbBbob 
43 Harrington Gardens, 
London. SW7 4JU 
Tet 91-373 7282/3/4 


al tammy end 
■mnnedta levss g a ti ng 
5th Jareare. 4 ireeks, 

3 ban ctaSy. fa £71 - Also 
courses in Gonrnny. 
Boettn tortflufo 58 Prfaeas 
Rato, Iranian SW7 

Tslepteae 81 5B1 3344/7. 
Pfeasa ooa On tesUA is 
eksaJ from 2Dttt Dtarto 
urtfl 4th Jarxoy. i 



An enttesastic and MU 
poomsd seernay b needed 
. lagentiybyamnorpuMfc 
com tarty based m Wi, due to 
internal promotion. Vou vrtl be 
workng otthin a dOEriHmfi 
group, gen ol the Charman s 
ts»n of executives, nho attend 
to the image ot the company 
bs a whole. The wiB imniw a 
tbs deal ottasan wfth city 
ndustry. and Lords and lodee 
of the Realm. You will have Ihe 
oppofftnty to become 
imohnd in specinc projects, to 
orgmee some events and to 
do a lithe research But row 
nctam aeataW atts 
(100(50) are also essanbal. 

A toDd Mxfc background 
preferably wdhin a targe 
company is importam, as are 
eaceileiB p resHiia n on and a 
serious attnuda to your career. 

Age 23-36 

01-629 9686 


o r O f CM* MY IM* week tex- 

trover Sec. lo Directors PA. 
OovesK G ar d en Bureau. HO 
Flew SL EC*. 303 7696 

*ar aunty, wi wn nu- 
ow«. oMueUe Secretary to 

work mmu twtm BaUcriai. 

Typbig teralW: st iorttiand 
nre ft nea. wraa with c.v. and 
Wqfwa number h> MUud 
Day. 12 B ra Um b ra Gardens 
London WIX 1LG. 



s ee wi F tan g g. aetate pa- 
rtmOfed. efflcfenL amenlatale 
sec ror buoy nrraor wtio trav- 
toa MeL Peolttai mtoM appeal to 
so m eone who eegows a chal- 
lenge. Age 204- CJE9.0OO Rtng 
Maria HRPL on Ol 688 6722 
A W 




^IJI J ddr 

I iiil I I ~ 


01-629 3368 



Groves N 

A neaohPr msntee 2 xorertexce 
vs « var/ c e t na a Ifevs mecnens 
nom ue rare ooen otres el Begem 
Pyi. Eoly were reammdad. E 
Hati.HKro Ruth I D Bed J S Bad 
Sluh-fra atom i Hoton 1 Shw 
Rm £3Sfpa reg 

KWaffSffiD&E. SW7 
5n«fi 2 BHrame twrehed ae»i. 
iram sd on tiMtag decorated m a 
-June mragtoai E H»U Ikt 
H> £1 Z 0 Arts. Btiram CHpa 

B M r qflll l for arnmb A 
Dcetgoen. Fannaocnt A 
TOupeney poeltloiw. AMSA 
tonriaiw rec cone Oi 754 QBaa 



Critics of new 
radar defied 

Puppies find a haven 

The United States has de- 
cided to go ahead with plans to 
build a sophisticated phased*- 
array radar station in B ritain 
despite widespread claims 
that it will violate the 1972 
anti-ballistic missile treaty. 

One of the strongest criti- 
cisms of the new installations 
— in Britain and Greenland — 
comes in a lengthy new report 
presented by Mr Brent 
Scrowcroft, the former Na- 
tional Security Adviser to 
President Ford, Mr Joseph 
Nye, a former State Depart- 
ment official who is now a 
professor at Harvard, and Mr 
William Perry, a former 

Pentagon official 

The report stales that the 
ABM treaty does not provide 
a strong legal base for replac- 
ing existing radar sites at 
Thule, Greenland and Fyl- 
ingdales, Yorkshire, with new 
large pbased-anay radars. 

But the Reagan Administra- 
tion has given specific assur- 
ances to the UK that the radar 
is fully consistent with the 
accord. As a result Britain 
gave permission to build the 
installation at the North York- 
shire site. 

The Adminis tration claims 
that both new radars are 
permitted because the treaty 

allows for modernization of 

existing systems. 

US officials foaf a 
Soviet radar, now almost 
completed at Abalakovo near 
Krasnoyarsk in central Si- 
beria, violates the ABM treaty. 
The Kremlin has formally 
offered to decommission the 
radar if the US does not go 
ahead with its new systems m 
Britain and Greenland. 

The ABM treaty limits the 
testing and deployment of 
missile defence systems. The 
key provision on radars states 
that each side agrees “not to 
deploy in the future radar for 
early warning of strategic 
ballistic missile attacks except 
at locations along the periph- 
ery of national territory. 

Another section states that 
phased-array radars, which 
use computers and electronics 
to track missiles, can be 
deployed at only ABM sites, 
ABM test ranges and on the 
periphery of each side’s terri- 
tory, unless they are for space 
tracking or v e r ifi c a t i on of 
arms treaties. 

Mr James Rubin of tbe 
Arms Control Association, a 
respected private group, said it 
was dear that the systems at 
Krasnoyarsk, Thule and Fyl- 
ingdales all violated the treaty. 

Radical change sought 
for state schools 

Continued from page 1 

learning. They had also criti- 
cized authorities that turned 
in good examination results 
and satisfied parents without 
wasting money. 

“They have failed to act as 
the guardians of a good sys- 
tem; they are the dog that 
didn't bark. 

“What have they done 
about anti-racism, for in- 
stance? Now we see it explod- 
ing in Brent over the past three 
months, but it's been around 
for the past two or three years 
in the borough.” 

The group claims that stan- 
dards have declined over the 
past 20 years because of the 
change of comprehensive 
education. They say the new 
GCSE examination, which 
they describe as “potentially 
disastrous’', shows “the folly 
of egalitarian thinking'' ana 
they urge a return to tra- 
ditional O levels. 

Some of tbe signatories' 
solutions have already been 
adopted in principle by Mr 
Baker. These include a na- 

Today’s events 

Exhibitions m progress 

British and American Pop 
Art; Tate Gallery. MiHbank, 
SW 1 , Mon to Sat 10 to 5.50, Sun 
2 to 5-50 (dosed New Year’s 


Early and baroque music by 
the Broadside Band; Wigmore 
Hall 36 Wigmore St, Wl, 7.30. 

Classic S dents: London Con* 
cert Orchestra; Barbican, Silk St, 
EC2, 3. 

tionai core curriculum, a new 
contract for teachers, teacher- 
training reform, making 
schools responsible for their 
own budgets, and transferring 
the ownership of schools from 
local authorities to individual 
trusts, as in the case of Mr 
Baker’s city technology 

The most radical of the 
manifesto's proposals is a 
return to separate schools for 
children of different abilities 
who would be prepared for 
different examinations. Each 
self-governing school would 
be free to select its pupils and 
would receive a grant direct 
from the government accord- 
ing to the numbers it enrolled. 

‘The beneficial effect of this 
on state education is obvious” 
tbe manifesto claims. 
“Schools will have to work in 
order to stay in business, and 
the worse their results, the 
more likely they will be to go 
to the wall.” 

Whose schools? A radical 
manifesto., (The HiOgate Group, 

Sakharov criticizes key 
‘Star Wars’ linkage 

Continued from page 1 
prize-winner physicist added: 
“I do not believe that SDI can 
be implemented, not from the 
scientific or technical point of 
view, but in the military^ 
strategic sense. I think a 
potential enemy with highly 
developed technology can al- 
ways find a means to over- 
come the space defences, and 
it is much easier and cheaper 
than to create the space 

He used the 9(kninute 
interview to spell out in detail 
his plan for resolving the 
Afghan situation following tbe 
pull-out of Soviet troops. 

“The partisans should be 

recognized politically, with 
the right to a place in the 
political dialogue. There 
should be international guar- 
antees ensuring law and order 
in tbe transitional period that 
will occur after tire withdrawal 
of Soviet troops. 

Dr Sakharov announced 
during the interview that the 
poor state of his health mil 
prevent him resuming the 
leadership role in the Soviet 
human rights movement. 

“I want to devote myself 
more to science: My years are 
passing and this is important 
to me, so 1 have to limit 
myself somewhat,” he 

Miss Claire Oram of the 
Battersea Dogs’ Home 
taking a nozzle yesterday 
from one of more than 100 
abandoned pets the south- 
west London animal sanc- 
tuary has accepted since 
Christmas Eve. 

The home Is seeking to 
sell some of the dogs. It 
expects the next big in- 
take when pets bonght as 
presents axe left to fend 
for themselves. 

Colonel Todd Sweeney, 
director general, said: 
“It’s about Easter time or 
in the early summer that 
we see today’s lovable 
little poppy half-grown 
into an ill-trained dirty 
and noisy dog.” 
(Photograph: Denzil 

Spring poll 
will bring 

says Owen 

Continued from page 1 
power. White they do not 
necessarily expea to convert 
the majority to labour's pol- 
icy, party leaders still hope 
ami believe they can neutral- 
ize the issue in election terms. 

Dr Owen, who has already 
said the Affiance could not 
deal with Labour if it main- 
tained its present defence 
policy, said yestezday that the 
Conservatives had “the false 
scent of victory, complacent 
in their incompetence”. 

But he said the electorate, in 
its wisdom, “will not give 
outright victory to any of us”. 

He said: “We will be forced 
to negotiate together. We will 
see once a&un coalition gov- 
ernment in this country. 

“Ax least the moderate 
majority will then find a voice, 
and I believe that they may 
well find that such a form of 
government serves them for 
better than that which they 
have had before.” 

In a BBC interview Dr 
Owen attributed the Alliance's 
fell in support during the year 
to the differences over de- 
fence. People had begun to fed 
tha t it was shifting towards a 
non nudear strategy and 
closer “to the unreality and 
danger of the Labour Party’s 
defence policy”. 

He said: “We have openly 
argued through our defence 
differences and come out with 
a sensible strategy of mini- i 
m um nuclear deterrence. La- j 
hour have avoided the 

differe nces within by claiming 
a bogus unity.” 

Dr Owen said the Conser- 
vatives had an extraordinary 
record of incompetence and 
insensitivity and their attitude 
on unemployment offended 
the vast majority of people. 

“The moderate majority 
does not find a natural home 
now either with the Conser- 
vative Party in relation to 
social policy and 
unenemployment or in the 
Labour party in relation to 
defence and bow Britain 
should be heading for the 
1 990s and beyond. The task of 
the Affiance is to provide that 
natural home for the moderate 

Mr Tebbit is now believed 
to be more strongly in favour 
of a spring election than ever 
before. Next month some two 
and a half mill io n tetters will 
go out from the party chair- 
man to households in spe- 
cially selected groups — 
shareholders in privatized 
state firms like Brrtish Gas, 
young families and council 
tenants — stressing the bene- 
fits of continuing Tory rule. 

Letter from Moscow 

Sobering thoughts 

for Rent-a-Santa ^ 

With the approach of the 
traditional new year’s holi- 
day, the longest queues in the 
freezing streets of Moscow 
are no longer to be found 
outside foe drab-looking state 
liquor stores. Instead, hardy 
Muscovites have been lining 
up for hours for the privilege 
of buying freshly-cut fir trees 
(or yolka) for the regulation 
price of about £1 a yard. 

Those willing to defy the 
law and cut down their own 
from the snow-covered for- 
ests surrounding the capital 
fees fines of nearly £100, 
which despite their severity 
have failed to obliterate the 
spirit of individual 

Although the state does not 
officially celebrate Christmas 
(which even before the 1917 
Bolshevik Revolution was a 
less significant festival here 
than Easter), Westerners of- 
ten fed surprisingly at home 
because of the way in which 
the Soviet new years celebra- 
tions have acquired many of 
the familiar trappings of a 
Western Christmas. 

In addition to the lights on 
the estimated one million 
trees in and around Moscow, 

! toy shops have been jammed 
with last-minute shoppers — 
man y mapping up the replica 
pistols and sub-machine guns 
which are so popular — and 
the jovial figure of Ded 
Moroz (Grandfather Frost), 
the Iron Curtain's equivalent 
of Santa Clans, has been on 
hand to add to the festivities. 

Clad in red with a flowing 
white beard and black boots, 
he could easily be mistaken 
for his capitalist counterpart 
except for the constant pres- 
ence at his side of 
Snegurotchka (the Snow 
Maiden), usually a dazzling 
blonde in a white dress and 
fiir-trimmed hat Apart from 
adding glamour to the occa- 
sion, she is also on hand to try 
to prevent the hundreds of. 
Soviet Santas from overdoing 
the liquid hospitality on their 

During this, the second 
winter under Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov's draconian anti- 
alcohol campaign, the role of 
the Snow Maidens (often film 
actresses or models) is more 
restraining than normal — 
although many Muscovites 
remain unconvinced that 
anything will prevent the 
mass national hangover for 
which January I is notorious. 

As well as putting in an 
appearance at Detsky Mir 
(Children’s World), the giant 
emporium situated Incon- 
gruously across from the 
headquarters of the KGB, 

about 500 Soviet Santas and 
their female accomplices are 
available for hire as part of a 
visiting Santa service which 
costs £5 a time. For this sum, 
the pair (who both have to 
pass a special exam to secure 
their jobs) arrive in a yellow 
taxi, tell jokes and hastily fill 
a sack with presents handed 
over by grateful parents. 

According to tbe schedule 
set down by the state 
organization which runs the 
service, the “rent-a-Santas 
are scheduled to carry out 
about 30 visits every day. but 
in the past the habit of 
accepting hospitality from 
each household has often put 
the visits arranged for later in 
the day at risk. Each Santa 
earns about £300 for the new 
year's stint, so competition 
for places is fierce. 

Just as Christmas in the 
West is largely an occasion to 
be with family and friends, 
new year in tbe Soviet Union 
is chiefly an occasion for 
domestic merry-making, with 
much of the late-night atten- 
tion surrounding an annual 
New Year’s Eve television 
spectacular prerecorded by 
many of the country's top 
musical entertainers. 

Those choosing to watch a 
film on one of the increasing 
number of video recorders 
were warned in a recent 
article to be careful about 
what entertainment they 

An article in the magazine 
Person and Law told the 
salutary tale of a group now 
feeing trial because they spent 
last New Year’s Eve watching 
an imported karate film on a 
video set. 

Shortly before midnight 
the militia burst into the 
room and declared: “Article 
228 of the Criminal Code 
forbids the distribution, 
showing or possession with 
intent to distribute or show, 
video films or other works 
which propagate the cult of 
violence and cruelty. The 
established punishment is up 
to two years' imprisonment, 
or two years' reformatory 
work or a fine of 300 roubles 
(£300), with confiscation of 
the video player. And your 
film about karate is propagat- 
ing violence and cruelty.” 

The author, Mr Nikolai 
Bivali, said the group were 
feeing trial and their mood 
was far from festive. “They 
do not feel like celebrating 
new year any more,” he 
concluded, “and all because 
they did not know the law.” 

Christopher Walker 


Popular Classics LSO, Bar- 
bican, 7.45. 

The Nutcracker; London 
Festival Ballet; Royal Festival 
Hall, South Bank, SE1, 3 and 



Wizards of Steam; Science 
Museum, South Kensington, 
SW7, 3. 

Christmas planetarium 
shows; National Maritime Mu- 
seum, Greenwich, SE10, 2J0 
and 330. 

Children's lecture: Prodigies 
in Paint; Tate Gallery, 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,239 


■■ ■ a ■ ■ ■ ■ 
!■■■■■■■ mmu\ 
mm m u m m 
mmumum mmwmmmm 

§■■■ "■■■■■■■■! 

!■■■■■■■ muuum\ 


1 Noise god losing his hair? 

( 6 ). 

S Providing a water-supply in 
church in case of necessity 

9 Having a rug, eat outside — 
it’s perfect (fi)). 

10 Grants to get ball-points (4). 

11 A North African brews ate 
with grain (8). 

12 Set about a fool and feel 
unwell afterwards (6). 

13 Her make-up is in rainbow 
colours! (4). 

15 Discuss and OK travel 
arrangement (4.4). 

18 Move towards a very soft 
kind of fish (8). 

19 Has a meal in haste at some 
fast-food place (4). 

21 One easily scared in com- 
pany - drawback, that (6). 

23 Denied assistance, gets 
ahead (8). 

25 Ruthless firm (4). 

26 Various names (in USA) 
may be given to a secretary 
( 10 ). 

27 Puts up with relations - is 
on guard (8). 

28 Spring issue (6). 


2 An island everyone gets 
around to (5). 

3 Coin-in-thc-slot source- of 
medication? (9). 

4 Don't leave a graduate in 

control (6). 

5 Converts sat in a 

Millbank, SW I ; 11.30. 

What is this Rock? Geological 
Museum, Exhibition Rd, SW7; 


Knee-breeches and Crin- , 
olines, try on Victorian Court 
dress and find out about its 
history, 10 to t; In the party 
spirit, some traditional games, 2 
to 4; Kensington Palace State 
Apartments, W8. 

Mask making, learn bow to 
sculpt and mate latex masks; 
Hampton Court Palace, 10 


Mayer Guided Tours: lircr- 
p®fflS Museum, William Brown 
Si, 1.30 and 2.30. 

The Snow Queen; Regent 
Gmtre, High St, Christchurch, 
Dorset, 7307 

Fantastic Mr Fax; Gardner 
Arts Centre, Sussex University, 
Falmer, Brighton, 230. 

The week’s walks 

Tod&KALondon vMage - H a mp ste ad. 

London of Wdtens’ Oner 7Mst, ‘meat 
B ia cfcfr ia rs Underground, 2. 

Tfl — W B Royal London, meet West- 
minster Underground. 9.30. 

Wednesday: Political London, gov- 
ernment and Partamsnt meat Entmnfe- 
mont Underground, 10.30. East End pub 
night out matt Whitechapel Under- 

ftew’yimr's Day: The Famous square 
mile - 2.000 years of history, meet St 
Pad’s Underground, 2. East Bid mur- 
ders - Jack the Ripper, meet Tower m 
Underground, 2. 

Friday: Legal and Mega! London - Ims of 
Cowt moot Holiom Undanpouid, 2. 
Saturday: Oerfcenwe*. London's hidden 
vitKB, meet Clertuimea Heritage Centre, 
33SL John’s Sq, EC1, 2L30. 

Sunday: A Journey through 

Shakespeare's London toTVreKHi Wgfit, i 
imetStPHiTa Underground. 11. Ghosts 
of Ssa C8jr. meet St PaoFa Undergrouid, 

Nature notes 

More song-thrushes are sing- 
ing. Wrens are also singing 
loudly, and hedge-sparrows are 
producing their wispy song from 
the tops of small trees, before 
they go and forage like mice on 
the dry earth in the evergreen 

The few blackcaps that have 
stayed in Britain for the winter 
begin to appear at bird tables: 
though they are dainty birds, 
they are fierce contestants for 
the food supplies. 

Wandering sparrowhawks of- 
ten settle near a bird's table, and 
cany off the blue tits in swift 

On tbe East coast, white- 
fronted geese are coming in 
from the North Sea in large 
flocks. Many will cross over to 
the Severn estuary. 

A darker variety of tbe same 
goose has arrived from Green- 
land; most of these birds will 
spend the winter in the Irish 
bogs and fields. 

Flocks of snow buntings are 
common now on the Norfolk 
and Lincolnshire coast: they 
feed on seeds among the sand 
dunes or in the salt marshes. 

Some weeping willows still 
have green leaves. In neglected 
city gardens, feverfew continues 
in flower here and there, often 
nestling against a gatepost: and 
gallant soldier, with its tiny 
white and yellow flowers, ram- 
pages in the flowerbeds. 



Births: Andrew Johnson, 17th 
president of the USA 1865-69, 
1 808; WU&un Ewart Gladstone, 
Prime Minister 1868-74, 1880- 
85, 1886, 1892-94, Liverpool, 

Deaths: Thomas £ Becket, 
murdered in Canterbury Cathe- 
dral, 1 170; Charles Lambu essay- 
ist, 1834; Christina Rossetti, 
poet, 1894; Rainer Maria Rilke, 
poet, 1926. 

The pound 

l Austria Set) 

Canada $ 

Denarii Kr 
France Fr 
Germany Dm 
Greece Dr 
Intend Pt 
Maty Urn 
Japan Yen 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
SocrBi Africa Rd 
Spate Pta 

Switzerland Fr 

Yugostoria Dnr 

Rates for anatl denomirtaHor benk nom 
only as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers" 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Retafl Price Indue 391.7 

London: TTie FT Index dosed reUa 

1301.2 on December 24. 

New Yoric The Dow Jones industrial 
average dosed up £52 si 193040 on 

( WEATHER mild WNW flow affects most of the British Isles. The 

v / £ar NE may start the day with some hail or sleet showers 

bat most of the British Isles will have a cloudy morning, with patchy rain in 
western areas. In N and W Scotland later, there will be a heavier and persistent 
spell of rain. Many central and eastern districts of England and Scotland should 
brighten op daring the day, perhaps with a little sunshine, and will be dry. Western 
and northern areas will remain doody, with some patchy rain, and with hill and 
coast fog extensive at times. It will be mild but fairly windy. Outlook for tomorrow 
and Wednesday: Rain in most places, with the mOd weather giving way to colder, 
showery conditions. 



Loudon Bridge 11.51 
A bai d re a 11-33 

AvumoUb 5a9 

BsKast 9.05 

CMHT 4*54 

Davenport SL38 

Dow 8 MS 

Falmouth 3 03 

Glasgow 1050 

Harwich 9.51 

Holyhead 8.23 

Hal 4.03 

Wra combe 352 

Lahti 12.13 

Liverpool 9.15 

Lowestoft 7.13 

Hargett 9.48 

(Word Haven 4.07 

New q ua y 3.02 

Oban 356 

P wcmW 2.42 

Portend 4.49 

Fort am o u tfa 920 

Shoraban 6.05 

So u t hamp ton 855 

Smnsaa 4.17 

Tees 131 

WttDD-OR-NZB 958 
Tide measured In meti 


4JJ 1154 4 2 

12 JO 554 124 
35 923 35 

11.1 5.19 11.4 

5.1 456 52 

62 029 6.1 

45 3.38 5.0 

4.6 1155 45 

35 1027 33 

52 8.47 55 

65 442 65 

33 4.17 85 

5.1 1246 52 

9.39 8.9 

24 755 23 

44 10.31 45 

64 455 65 

64 328 65 

3.6 4,13 35 

52 359 53 

13 5.18 13 

45 953 45 

53 937 53 

43 928 42 

85 4.42 95 
61 234 52 

33 10.17 43 


y MOOBUT e' ,} 

F& <£«_,<«« • ? ye 

9 x j fi 

Sunrises: Sunsets: 
8.06 am 359pm 

Moonriaes Moonaata 
638 am 144 pm 
i December 31 


converts sat m a gathering, — 

not from choice (7,3,5). Roads 

6 A people wfth the necessary 
power ready to co-operate 

7 Does some evening work for 
dubs (5). 

8 Satisfied about trendy mod- 
erate (9). 

14 Discount hoosiiQ for a 
ne'er-do-well (9). 

16 Bow decoration, nice as can 
be (9). 

17 Acquire foreign currency 
and it’s sure to be noticed 
( 8 ). 

20 Think about one's ill- 
considered application (6). 

22 A tree not quite completely 
turned colour (5). 

24 Kind of sugar often found 
on aeroplanes (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17.238 

The solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,238 
will appear 
next Saturday 

rv — . — ■ .- 

London and the South-east 
M4/A34: Avoid the eastbound 
M4, A34 and A4I30, as an 
abnormal load is being moved 
from tbe Membury service area 
to Didcot power station travel- 
ling at J mph, starting at dawn 
and continuing all day. A120: 
Roundabout construction at 
Siortford Rd, Gt Donmow, 
Essex. A2: Rood width reduced 
along Watting St, Gillingham. 

Wales and the west A38: 
Delays between Exeter and 
Plymouth with lane closures in 
both directions at Haldon HilL 
A38/A35& Work at Blackbrpok 
roundabout, Somerset, near M5 
junction 25 (Taunton). 

Scotland; AI98: Temporary 
lights W of Meadowhill junc- 
tion. A92/A97& Restrictions at 
King St, St Machar Drive, 
Aberdeen. A77: Temporary 
lights and single line traffic on 
the Glasgow to Ayr rd, N of 

Motorways: page 5 

Bond winners 

Winning numbers in the 
weekly draw For Premium Bond 
prizes are: £100,000: 27 AN 
292583 (tbe winner lives in 
Kent); £50,000: I0SW 589349 
(Bradford); £25,000: 10CB 
844870 (Bristol). 

Times Portfolio CoM rules are as 
follows: _ 

1 Times Portfolio Is free. Purchase 
of The Times Is not a condition of 
taking part. 

2 Times Portfolio Usi compris e s a 
of public companies whose 

are listed on Die Stock 

and ouoied in The Times 

Stock Exchange prices page. The 
companies comprising that last will 
change from day u toy. . The itsx 
(wtriefi fs numbered l -gaj is tuvwed 
into four randomly distributed grams 
of 11 shares. Every Portfolio card 
contains two numbers from each 
group and each cam contains a 
unique set of numbers. 

3 Times Portfolio ‘dividend* win be 
Ih# figure m pence which represent 
the optimum movement in prices a*, 
the largest increase or lowest loss) of a 
combi nation of eight (two from each 
randomly dbcrfbulied group vdildn the 
44. shares) of the 44 shares which on 
any one toy comprise The Times 
Portfolio UsL 

a The dally dividend win be 
announced each day and the weekly 
dividend win he announced eacn 
Saturday In The Times. 

6 Times Portfolio tat and details of 
lire daily or weekly dividend will also 
he available for Inspection at the 
of rices of The Times. 

6 If the overall price movement or 
more Utan one combination of shares 
equals the dividend, the prize will be 
equally divided among the claimants 
holding those combinations of Shares. 

7 All claims are subject to scrutiny 
before payment Any Times Portfolio 
card that is defaced, tampered with or 
Incorrectly primed In any way Will be 
declared void. 

6 Employees of News International 
and its subsidiaries and or 
fcuroprtm Group Untiled iproducere 
and cttsmnuiors of the card) or 
members Of Uteir immediate families 
are not allowed to play Times 

9 AD participants win be subject to 
these Rules. AH instructions on "how 
to Ptav" and “how to claim'* whether 
punhned m The Times or in Times 
Portfolio cards win be deemed 10 he 
part of these Rules. The Editor 
reserves tiw rigid to amend uw Rules. 

10 in any dteptite. The Editors 
decision a final and , no corres- 
pondence who oe entered into- 

ii IT for any reason The Times 
Prices. Page to not puMbbed in me 
normal wav Tunes Portfolio will be 
suspended for that day. 

On cacti toy your unique AH of eight 
numbers wIU represent commercial 
am Industrial shares puoushrd in The 

. oust which wiu ; 

the Stock exchange Prices 

in the columns provided next to 
your shares note (tie price change (+ 
toy£ “ publlahed In that 

Aft iJ te ttog the price changes o t 
your eWngnflres tor that day. add up 
all eight snare changes to give you 
your overall total phis or mtausIT or • 

Check your overall total against The 
Times PortfdUo dtvidisnd puEStthed « 
the Stock Exchange Prices page. 

If yoy qye rau total matches The 
Times Portfolio dividend you have 
won outright or a share of the total 
prize money stared for that o£r and 
RUM dBim your prize as Instructed 

.. Hnr JM.pbr - W— tty Dividend 
Monr^-Salurday record your daily 

Add these together to de te rmine 
your weekly Portfolio i!5ai. 

your prize as Instructed below. 

S c rafaoia 

Sun Rain Max 
lire In C F 

- - 10 50 

- - 11 52 

Notohas nn be Mtotad ootttta thaso 

w^ Cardwlmvou 

» w u unable to tetephane 

someone else can claim on your behalf 

a m WKsaSS r SSS‘ d gHj 

between the stipulated antes. 

No responsibility can be accented 
for failure to con tact the claims office 
for any reason wmun uw stated 

dividend drums. 

D onulaa 
B*Tnai Akpt 



«ww« y i pw 

Caitiff (Ctrl) 
Eak daMmalr 

•Figures not avaBabla 

9 48 doudy 

10 SO cloudy 

11 52 dua 
10 50 doudy 

10 50 doudy 

10 50 dun 

8 46 did 

11 52 doudy 
11 52 doudy 
11 52 duB 
11 52 
10 50 

10 50 

11 52 uuuu* 
11 52 douchr 
11 52 dul 
13 55 
13 55 
11 52 
11 52 bright 
11 52 shower 
11 52 rain 

11 52 shower 

9 48 nbi 

9 48 showor 
11 52 doudy 
11 52 rah 

10 50 doudy 

11 52 rain 

11 Si doudy 

12 54 rah 
12 54 doudy 

10 50 doudy 

11 52 rah 
9 48 rah 

11 52 cloudy 
11 52 rah 

11 52 rah . 
7 45 showr 

12 54 rah ‘ 
71 52 ran 

9 48 rain 
11 52 rah 

MODERATE r*- ^ Ch •S ' ] 

■ '0* **0BmtTE 


Temperatures at midday yesterday: c, 
cloud; f. (ah r, rah: s, sun. 

C F C F 

Bated c 1050 Guernsey d 1050 
ff n mhra clOSO Inverness r 948 
B te cfcpodi r 846 Jersey ell 52 
Bristol c 1050 London c 1050 
Canflff e 948 Wnch stt r c 948 
EtiriMflgh r 1050 Hawcaste c 1050 
Glasgow r 11 52 BW ds way c 1050 


London 439 pm to 736 am 
Bristol 439 pm to 7.46 am 
Etonigh 4.15pm to 8.14 am 
Manche s ter 437 pm to 7.55 am 
Pwurancs4.57pmto7.51 am 


^l^o-/cCb" \ ©• 

f & 

1 ^ ©* waSoMTE 


ma L S «" tofipm. 11C 





i Wan hm JUtodMl 

ABROAD ~~ ~ 

MC10AY: c, doud; d, drizztoit, Idn Ig, log; r, rah: s. sun; 3ri, snow; l 

C F C F f* c 

MM 8 14 57 Cologne c 6 43 Mtiorea C 

rtth f 17 63 cpbe^i sn 0 32 Malaga s « 5”EP s 11 

1986. printed hv London Post (Print- 
ers) Limned or i Virginia Street. 
London El 3XN and ny, News 

Scotland 14d.. ,12a Portman flxrewr. 
Kinnfng Per);. Glasgow 04 
W-*Eciay oecemaer 29... 19 ft6 ; 
Registered as a newspaper at the Post 

Atex’dria s 17 63 Corfu 
Mghra C 13 55 DubSn c 11 52 

Amafdn 1 7 45 DubremBc 8 6 43 

AOmhis 0 4 39 Faro 8 17 83 

Bahrain a 21 70 Rortnca s 4 39 

Borfaads* a 27 81 Frankfurt c 4 39 

Bareoha a 12 54 Funchal c 18 64 

Behai Geneva c 3 37 

BebMKte 6 4 39 Ms 8 16 61 

Be*T r 2 36 Helsinki- s 16 3 

Bermuda* r 21 70 Hong K 
Biarritz c 10 50 MuSnlt 
Boida’x i 10 90 Hatted c 2 36 

Boid’ne Jaddah 

ks sisss 

■ js Ii Sahten 
t io 1 

! 11 §8 SontiaoQ- 

C* MB 61 8^ 

c 24 75 Gate 
_ s | 4a 

+ » -7 19 

c , Ss7!EKr sn « I 

8 16 61 NtitS s Z 36 
8 16 3 Naples 1 u so I?? 9 ** 
8 19 GO NfeM s i> S 

80 0 32 N York 
c 2 36 Mm 
s 29 84 Oslo 
S 28 79 Paris 
S 22 72 Pelfeg 

0 26 79 L Palmas f 19 86 Perth 
3 16 61 Lisbon <g 7 45 Prang 


t 3 37 SSI2? 8 0 32 
t -Z 2« uS™* 81 2 36 

C F 
s 11 52 
si 3 37 
S 9 48 
S 29 84 
c 24 75 
s -3 27 
r 26 79 
Bn -fi 21 
C 5 41 
1 25 77 
s IS 61 
f 15 59 
I 20 68 
r 3 37 
to 1 34 
t 14 57 

danotas Saturday's mures am 

ire m—P — I > 1 Uli 



I LJ* 

“Her fr 


)r Rent 

22? H 


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■- . ■ -‘sasetJ^i 

y.*i. 8% 

• ;r <**[£*! 


• w - Xiamen! 

Jjjf < 


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; -cven^ 

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Ir - ; i - 

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- : r reihlp: 

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..• . : .-.: pass 
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• _-j r-iib hi- 
.* .. ; fj'Miwr 

• . :-; hjl itfOll 

r'T? T®* 





Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

IChanae on week) 

FT 30 Share 
1301J2 (+29.1) 

FT-SE 100 
1665.1 (+32.9) 

10000 (31646) 

USM (Data stream) 
130.19 (+1.33) 

(Change on week) ; 

US Dollar 
1.4580 (+0.0095) 

W German mark 
2.8664 (+0.0215) 

69.0 (+0.4) 

Oil swap 
likely with 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 
Saudi Arabia is now study- 
ing the four offers it has 
received for the construction 
of a submarine fleet for its 
navy, with the likelihood that 
the order will gp to the 
company prepared to take oil 
in part payment 
The Saudi government has 
now dosed the bidding for the 
order with a last-minute offer 
being submitted by the Rotter- 
dam Dry dock Company. 

The British bid has been 
made by Vickers with its new 
generation of conventional 
boats. The others are from 
France and West Germany. 

Although the French regard 
themselves as front runners 
for the order — they have 
already equipped much of the 
Saudi navy — Britain has had 
considerable experience in oil 
barter deals with Saudi 

At present Britain is supply- 
ing £2 billion worth of military 
aircraft and related equipment 
and is taking part-payment in 

The British banking system 
is also ideally placed to handle 
an oil-swap deal, with ail of 
the big clearing banks operat- 
ing counter trade departments 
who could act for Vickers; 

Saudi Arabia plans to place 
orders for six to eight diesel- 
electric submarines and is 
expected to narrow the choice 
down to two options by early 
spring and then conduct trials 
with the rival designs. 

BTR ready to 
on Pilkington 

By Cliff Feltham 
Hostilities will be resumed 
this week in the bitter £1.2 
billion takeover bid by the 
industrial group BTR for 
Pilkington Brothers, the glass 

Pilkington null attempt to 
shore up its defences with a 
big profit forecast while BTR 
waits in the wings ready to fire 
off a higher, and potentially 
knockout, bid for Pilkington 
before the January 10 

In the stock market, Pil- 
kington shares have remained 
well over lOOp m excess of the 
cash and shares mixture from 
BTR. reflecting the view that 
the initial offer was no more 
than a sighting shot 
Interim profits from Pil- 
kington were better than ex- 
pected and the company’s 
followers are now lifting their 
expectations for the year from 
£175 million to about £190 


TODAY — Interims: 
Hidong Estate, Euston Centre 
Properties. Finals: None 

TOMORROW — I nt er i ms : 
Stavert Zigomala. Finals: C A 
Sperati, Warner Holidays. 
WEDNESDAY — Interims: 
Arbutbnot Dollar Income 
Trust. Finals: None 

THURSDAY — Interims and 
Finals: None announced. 
FRIDAY — Interims: 
Kleinwort, Benson Gilt Fund. 
Finals: first National Finance 
Corp (expected on January 5). 




ABN 11.00% 

Adam & Company ........11.00% 

BCCI 11.00% 

Citibank Savings! 12.45% 

Consolidated Crds^ 11.00% 

Co-operative Bank >11.00% 

C. Hoare & Co 11.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 1.00% 

Lloyds Bank 11.00% 

Nat Westminster 11.00% 

Royal Bank of Scotland 11. 00% 

fSB ..11.00% 

Citibank NA 11.00% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

Morgan Grenfell details share sales Jaguar roars past 1,000 a week 

Yk T ^ ‘ V 9 By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

\ AfVjr m HI Jaguar Cars gave itself a 4,000 of the new XJ40 model, exceed the 1985 figure of of this year and Mr Dav ha 

! WW ■ -wr ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ B ■ ■ slap on the back today and which is proving to be a £1213 million. argued that additional help i 

-L ^V'YT VJ M il M.Rl.V'fcJiJ ?"Jl2 er siL* “«£«* “ 


The merchant banker Mor- 
gan Grenfell confirmed last 
night that it has given fresh 
evidence to the government 
investigation into the affairs 
of die minks group Guinness. 

Morgan Grenfell acted as 
the leading financial adviser 
to Guinness during the £2.7 
billion takeover battle for the 
whisky giant Distillers. 

The evidence provided by 
Morgan Grenfell concerned 
the details of the purchase of 
2.1 million Guinness shares 
by a subsidiary of another 
merchant bank, Henry 
Ansbacber, at prices well 
above the market levd shortly 
after the end of the takeover 

This latest development in 
the Guinness investigation 
follows weekend disclosures 
that Ansbacher’s managing 
director. Lord Spens, a former 
senior executive at Morgan 
Grenfell, had himself given 
evidence under oath to the 
two inspectors appointed by 
the Department of Trade and 
Industry to look into the 
affairs of Guinness. 

The evidence ofboth parties 
concerns the purchase of 2.15 
million Guinness shares by 
Down Nominees, a Henry 
Ansbacber subsidiary, at a 
! price of 355p compared with 
the then current market level 
of 298p to 316p. The shares 
were purchased from both 

By John BeU, City Editor 
discretionary and ordinary 
investment clients of 

Details of the transaction 
were sent to the DTI inspec- 
tors on the decision of 
Ansbacher's chief executive, 
Mr Richard Fenhalls, who was 
on a skiing holiday in Switzer- 
land yesterday and “not avail- 
able for comment”. 

It is understood that 
Ansbacber maintains that at 
no time were the 2.15 million 
Guinness shares held by 
Down Nominees actually 
owned by Ansbacber as a 

Morgan Grenfell, while 
making no official comment 
on iis role in the affair, denies 
suggestions that it made funds 
available for the purchase of 
the Guinness shares by Down 
Nominees, or that it had 
instructed Down Nominees as 
to the way the Guinness shares 
should be voted at a later 
meeting of Guinness 
shareholders called to approve 
the Distillers takeover. 

According to the Ansbacher 
version of events, stamp duty 
on the purchase of the 
Guinness shares was paid 
through Morgan Grenfell, al- 
though a Morgan spokesman 
said that it had no comment to 

malre on the SH g y ntinn. 

It is understood that a 
major factor behind Mr 
Fenhalls's decision to offer 

details to the inspectors was 
the price of 355p at which 
Ansbacher’s clients sold their 
shares to Down Nominees. 
This followed some confusion 
over who was entitled to 
receive a dividend payment 
on the Guinness stores. At 
first, the cash was sent to 
Down Nominees, then passed 
on Mr Fentoll’s instructions j 
to Morgan Grenfell and later : 
returned by Morgan Grenfell 
to Ansbacher. 

Hie Guinness stores pur- 
chased by Down were part of a 
placing of some 13 million 
with leading City institutions 
soon after the end of the 
Distillers battle. i 

Following the fresh disclo- 
sures by Morgan Grenfell and 
Ansbacher, this placing is 
likely to form the basis of new 
Lines of inquiry by the DTI 
inspectors. The inspectors i 
have given no indication of 
the detailed scope of their 
investigation. But it is widely 
understood in the City that 
they are investigating possible 
arrangements to support the 
Guinness share price during 
the latter stages of the take- 
over and the involvement of 
the disgraced New York 
arbitiaguer Mr Ivan Boesky. 

In recent weeks Guinness 
emerged as a leading partici- 
pant in one of Mr Boesky*s 
share dealing partnerships af- 
ter the Distillers battle was 

Jaguar Cars gave itself a 
slap on the back today and 
said it bad ended 1986 “in fine 
style,” having broken all pre- 
vious production records. 

fa Che last two fafi working 
weeks of the year, the com- 
pany has made 1,023 and 

I, 026 Jaguars, passing for the 
first time the 1,000 cars-a- 
week mark. 

This brings the output for 
the year to 32385 saloons and 
9,052 XJS sports models, a 
total of 41,437 which is 8 per 
cent higher than the 38300 
produced in 1985. 

It is the third consecutive 
year of record production for 
the company at its Midlands 
factories, which now employ 

II, 000, mostly at the Brown's 
Lane plant in Coventry, West 

Saloon production includes 

4,000 of the new XJ40 model, 
which Is proving to be a 
considerable success in 
Europe. The car is to be 
launched on the crucial US 
market in the spring. 

Mr Mike Beasley, assistant 
managing director, said: “To 
achieve record production in a 
year when a new model has 
been introduced is a magnifi- 
cent result and reflects the 
commitment of all onr employ- 
ees to the company's success. 

“We have striven for some 
years to meet a growing de- 
mand for onr products aid the 
inilifarintw are that we s hall 
have to aim for even greater 
production in 1987." 

Jaguar'S profits this year 
wifi be beM down by the £10 
rnHUon cost of launching the 
XJ40 and are milikely to 

exceed the 1985 figure of 
£1213 million. 

Meanwhile, government 
ministers are now studying the 
newly submitted corporate 
plan for Jaguar's former par- 
ent company, BL — now the 


Rover Group — in which the 
chairman, Mr Graham Day, is 
believed to have pot the case 
for additional state funding 
while the final rest ru ct ur ing of 
the group cakes place. 

Rover made losses in excess 
of £200 million In the first half 

' .vv'*V 

s , 

;22S£w. ...” 

DTI seeks early legal action 

The Government could stiD 
initiate legal proceedings be- 
fore Parliament reconvenes on 
January 12 against a tivfl 
servant allegedly involved in 
leaking market-sensitive 
information about merger de- 
cisions to a stockbroker, 
Whitehall sources said 

Labour has vowed to prt 
insider dealing at the top of the 
Commons agen da an d Mr 
Paul Channou, Secretary of 
State for lYade and Industry, 

By Cofin Narbrough 
had originally hoped for re- 
suits by Christmas from the 
inquiry into his own aril 
servants, to disarm any politi- 
cal But the holidays, 

pins the absence of top DTI 
officials nntil next week, have 
delayed any legal moves. The 
DTI will be dosed today. 

After launching mtMw 
dealing inv estigations into 

City companies, to-lading the 
brewing Guinness, Mr 
Channon announced on 
December 18 that outside 

UK ‘to miss out 
on next rate cuts’ 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 
Interest-rate cuts in the Stoltenberg, the finance mis- 
leading industrialized coun- ister, hinted at the possibility 
tries are on the way, according of a reduction in the discount 
to James Capel, the stock- rate, now 3.5 per cent, shortly 
broker. But Britain is likely to after the January 25 federal 
miss out on the next round of elections. 

rate reductions, partly because 
of sterling's international 

Sluggish economic growth 
in the US, and continued low 

But the Bundesbank’s atti- 
tude to lower rates remains 
highly cautious. 

Should a German rate cut 
not occur, the pressure for a 

inflation, will cause the Fed- realignment within the Euro- 
eral Reserve Board to cut the pean Monetary System will 
official discount rate from 5.5 intensify. Even with a rate 
to 5 per cent during the first reduction built into the fore- 
quarto, says the broker's cast, James Capel expects an 
International Bond and Cur- EMS realignment, with a 
rency Review, published revaluation of the mark, in the 

rency Keview, published 

Similar factors are expected 

sprmg. ^ . ... 

Hie Review maintains that 

to force the Japanese authori- the usual January sterling 
ties into a further discount crisis may be avoided, but 

rale cut. Upward pressure on 
the yen, as the dollar shows 
across-the-board weakness, is 
cited as an additional factor by 
James Capel 

West Germany, the Review 
concedes, is more difficult to 
assess. Herr Gerhard 

political uncertainties and a 
worsening balance of pay- 
ments will mean the Chan- 
cellor is unlikely to risk early 
cuts in base rates. 

The pound is expected to 
bold steady in die $1.40 to 
$1.45 range 

inspectors had started an un- 
precedented investigation into 
allegations that privileged 
information was bring leaked 
by officials at the DTI, the 1 
Office of Fair Trading and the 
Mergers and Monopolies 

A DTI spokesman yes- 
terday deeftned to comment on 
the progress of the investiga- 
tion, or whether any rivQ 
servants had been suspended 
or dismissed in connection 
with it 




Midsummer Leisure, the 
USM-quoted public house 
and discotheque chain, is 
expanding its shopfitting busi- _ 
ness with the acquisition of 1 
Derby Signs for £125 milli on . : 
The company, which designs | 
and manufactures corporate 
signs and fitments, will be ! 
merged with Midsummer's i 
Charnwood Shopfitters 

Midsummer, which started 
life as Camra (Real Ale) 
Investments, is expected to be I 
promoted from the USM to 
the Official List on January 
26. As part of the move the 
firm plans to split its existing 
50p shares into two 25p 

Two weeks ago. Mid- 
summer announced profits for 
the year to September tod 
more than doubled to £1.04 
million. Derby Signs earned 
pretax profits Iasi year of 
£45,000 on turnover of 

Small is beantifal: Mr Brown with Mr Harold Silver (left) and Mr Phil Chong. 

Top designer joins brain-drain 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Mr Bryan Brown, at 39 one 
of Britain's leading design 
consultants, is leaving the 
Addison consultancy group, 
one of the top six companies 
in its sector, to join a growing 
trend for top consultants to 
return to the smaller con- 
sultancy field. 

He has resigned ^as chair- 
man of Allied International 
Designers, part of Addison 
since last September, because, 
he says, of City investor 
pressures for short-term prof- 
its. He said: “The City is 
looking for compound growth 
of 30 per cent a year. That 
kind of pressure tends to make 
one think more of profitability 
in a consultancy business 
rather than about the 

He added: “It is the wrong 
sort of pressure. It is not by 

chance that other consultancy 
services which are more estab- 
lished, such as in law and 
accountancy fields, choose to 
trade as partnerships.” 

His move will fuel the 
controversy in the design con- 
sultancy field over 
polarisation into larger units 
on one band and on the other 
the role of smaller design 

In the past year, there have 
been defections by directors of 
a number of bigger consultan- 
cies including Fitch, Saunders 
Design and the Michael Peters 

Mr Brown, a graphic de- 
signer, became managing 
director of Allied in 1 979 and 
subsequently chairman. Its 
turnover increased from 
£715,000 in 1979 to £6.5 
million in 1985 and it became 

Britain's first fully quoted 
design group. 

He is chairman of the 
Confederation of British 
Industry's design group and 
chairman of the design 
management group of the 
Society of Industrial Artists 
and Designers. He is also a 
regular lecturer at both the 
London and Manchester busi- 
ness schools. 

Mr Brown is becoming a 
partner with the Marketplace 
Design Partnership (MDP). 
based in Reading, Berkshire, 
which was set up 18 months 
ago by Mr Harold Silverman 
and Mr Phil Chung who was 
formerly a board director at 
Rich, one of the leading 
British design consultancies. 

MDP's clients include 
Rank, Pan Books, the English 
Tourist Board and Granada. 

Directors paint bright picture 

Top businessmen are re- 
porting a “dramatic improve- 
ment'' in company perform- 
ance, job prospects and 
confidence in the Govern- 
ment's economic policies, the 
Institute of Directors said 

Three out of five directors 
expect unemployment to fall 
in the first six months of 1 987, 
according to the Institute's 
latest business opinion survey. 

A 51 per cent majority of 
businessmen are said to be- 
lieve that the chances of a 
Conservative election victory 
have improved since the 
Chancellor’s Autumn State- 

By Onr City Staff 

Mr Graham Mather, bead 
of the Institute's policy unit, 
said the latest poll was “a 
strongly positive picture of the 
economic environment for 

The survey shows that 67 
per cent of directors are 
reporting an upward trend in 
the volume of their company's 
business over the last six 
months compared with the 
same period last year. 

The poll was carried out in 
the first three weeks of 
December among a sample 
panel of company chairmen, 
managing directors and other 
business leaders. 

• There is a serious lack of 
awareness among Britain's 
company directors of their 
duties to creditors and up to 
half a million could be ig- 
norant of their full responsi- 
bilities under the Insolvency 
Act, according to a survey 
published by the accountancy 
firm Ernst & Wbinney at the 

Under the act which came 
into force eight months ago, 
new procedures are in- 
troduced today which will 
provide fresh oppommites for 
corporate rescue. These cover 
voluntary arrangements be- 
tween a company and its | 
creditors and procedures. { 

of this year and Mr Day has 
argued that additional help is 
necessary before his plans can 
be pot into operation. 

While the company has 
refused to discuss the plan, the 
options are widely understood 
to inclndea ranch stronger link 
with Honda of Japan follow- 
ing the recent agreement 
jointly to produce a new 
medium car, the AR8. One 

suggestion jg that the Japa- 
nese might be interested in 
taking a stake in the Cowley, 
Oxfordshire, factory to pro- 
duce the new car. 

The commercial vehicle 
arm, Leytand Vehicles, is 
expected to be privatized soon. 
Talks are continuing with 
Paccar of the US and the 
Dutch company DAF on the 
sale of the tracks business. 

cash boost 
to reopen 

By Teresa Poole 

Business Correspondent 

The Scottish freeport at 
Prestwick airport, which re- 
cently ceased operations be- 
cause of lack of business, 
could be revived next year 
with the backing of the district 

Prestwick freeport - one of 
six experimental free trade 
zones in Britain — ran into 
financial difficulties two 
months ago and had to sus- 
pend operations. The Kyle 
and Garrick district council 
has now agreed to invest 
£185,000 in an attempt to start 
operations again. 

At the end of October, after 
running for two years, Prest- 
wick freeport had only one 

Under the proposed rescue, 
the council will become the 
main shareholder in Freeport 
Scotland, the operating com- 
pany. The other existing 
shareholders are the British 
Airports Authority, Clydes- 
dale Bank, and two private 

Mr fan Smillie, the council's 
chief executive officer, blamed 
Prestwick's problems on the 
loss of the zone’s special 
devlopraent status within 
weeks of opening. This meant 
that Prestwick could no longer 
compete with the develop- 
ment grams offered in the new 
town of Irvine just seven miles 

He said: “The fact is that 
although the Government 
agreed to the experiment, they 
did not have the will to make 
it work.” He hopes to get the 
zone operating again during 

Originally it was hoped that 
the zone would create a num- 
ber of new jobs by attracting 
high-technology companies 
from the US. 

Prestwick is the first of the 
frceports to cease trading. 
However, the operator at Car- 
diff has suspended further 
investment until the freeport 
has signed up a definite cus- 
tomer while progress at Belfast 
has been slow. 

Only Southampton and 
Liverpool can claim some 
level of success. Southamp- 
ton, which has had 36 coun- 
tries trading through its 
facilities, announced yes- 
terday that Sumitomo of Ja- 
pan is to use the free zone as a 
European stock-holding base 
for its cranes. 

Foreign buying adds fuel to heated property company market 

Year of the overseas takeover 

A look at 1986 reveals it to be the year of 
the takeover in the property sector 
where shares rase by 19 per cent tolled 
by intense corporate activity which is 
still gorag on. 

The novel aspect was the baying of 
British property companies by foreign 
investors — a phenomenon which added 
pace to die already hectic market. 

Capital & Counties was the first to 
1 succumb to overseas interests, with 
Liberty life, the Sooth African insur- 
ance company, taking control. 

Rodamco, the Dutch investment 
! group, succeeded in wanting Haslemere 
at 640p a share after a dawn raid at 
600p. Haslemere’s net asset value (nav) 
was defensively revalued at 728p a 

Property Holding & Investment Trust 
sprang to life, t aki ng the City by 
surprise with the effectiveness of its 
defence against Greycoat Group's £108 
irrill inn bid. Greycoat's alternative cash 
offer, of 137-5p a share, was not enough 
to tempt shareholders and Pint later pot 
its nav at l6Sp a share: 

Only weeks later the old-established 
investment company agreed terms of 
£18&6 million with the Chase Corpora- 
tion, New Zealand’s third largest com- 

Bredero Properties, the British devel- 
oper floated off from its Dutch parent 
company, must have had one of the 
shortest independent lives In the 
sector jUter a mere 30 weeks of exis- 
tence, it was taken over by Slough 
Estates at 145p a share. 

As the year has progressed, takeover 
bids in the sector have semi a dosing of 


the gap between bid price and net asset 

British developers have not been 
slouches in the corporate world, either. 
Property companies with a mass of 

highly rated paper, trading at a premium 
to net asset value have been queuing op 
to bid for old-established property 
investment companies which trade at a 
discount to nav. 

Stock Conversion fell prey to P&O, 
with shareholders opting for the 720p-»- 
share cash offer — rather than P&O 
shares — in the £402 million bid. Stock 
Conversion later revealed a nav of 770p 
a share. 

Mountieigfr, the fast-growing trading 
company, joined the big league by 
buying United Real for £117 million, a 
28 per cent dhcoont to estimated nav. 

And Clayform Properties, a David 
compared with the Goliath of Samuel 
Properties, transformed itself into a 
significant property company by its 
agreed £86 ntiUion merger with SamneL 
Oayform's 3.5 per cent stake In Percy 
Bfltbo, another long-established force in 
the property world, has fuelled specula- 
tion that It triQ bid for Bflton. 

Property and Reversionary Invest- 
ments hastened to agree a £59 million 
merger with Lynton Holdings, knowing 
that Speyhawk Land and Estates was 
larking in the wings. Sore enough, 
Speyhawk launched a bid with a cash 
alternative of 300p a share compared 
with P&R’s last stated nav of 310p. The 

outcome is still awaited with P&R 
rejecting Speyhawk’s offer. 

Details of Imry Property Holdings' 
agreed sale to Arfmthnot Properties, the 
private c o mpany, are also awaited. And 
Stamford Securities is the latest com- 
pany to announce that talks are under 
way which could lead to an offer for the 

Companies with untapped property 
assets have not been slow m the 
corporate field this year. Grosvenor 
Square Properties, the Unlisted Securi- 
ties Market developer, was bought by 
Associated British Ports Holdings for 
abont £15 million. t 

The chance to exploit property assets 
also lies behind Higham's £37 mfllhu 
hostile and protracted bid for the 
Manchester Ship Canal Company. The 
situation with the private company of , 
Mr John Whittaker, chairman of Peel 
Holdings, die retail warehouse devei- 1 
oper, has reached stalemate. Bnt a 
mystery British property developer 
stepped in with a £70 million offer for 
the Barton Dock estate close to Man- 1 
Chester, the plum in the Ship Canal 
Company's pmtfolio. 

In the present market no company is 
jmiwnnp from takeover speculation. 
Even the mighty Land Securities has 
seen its share price boosted by bid hopes 
as has MEPC, another sector giant 

The market is waiting for Japanese 
interests to enter die fray. So far 
investment from that sphere has been 
confined to direct property but the time 
may not be far off for a corporate deal to 

Invest from 
and enjoy a 



Income Bonds now paying 12*25% pua. Details from 
your post office. Or ring 0800 100 100 (free) any time. 
Or send the coupon— no stamp needed. 

| To National Savings, FREEPOST 4335. Bristol BS1 3YX. Please send me details. 





postcode i i nwrmnmw.n 

024408 _____ ■ ___ — _ — — - __ — - __ 








I t was the year when the 
prospects for, if not the 
performance of, the 
world economy improved 
sharply. And when talk of a 
balance of payments con- 
straint re-entered the eco- 
nomic debate in Britain. 

■ Everything changed for oil 
prices, down from $30 to $9 a 
barrel then back to $18; for 
(he dollar, with its persistent 
over- valuation threatening to 
turn into an under-valuation; 
and for public spending in 
Britain, with the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer becoming a 
Convert to its virtues. 

; Nothing changed in British 
economic policy, at least 
according to Treasury folk- 
lore. An on changed eco- 
nomic policy, on this view, is 
a wondrous thing, accom- 
modating a shift from the 
goal of a real reduction in 
public spending to that of a 
real increase. 

■ Things changed for infla- 
tion, which fell to its lowest 
level for 20 years in the 
industrialized world, with 
Germany and The Nether- 
lands experiencing the con- 
dition of Ming prices. In 
Britain, the drop in oil prices 
brought inflation, measured 
fry the retail price index, 
down to 2.4 per cent in the 

- And, perhaps because of 
this, monetarism edged qui- 
etly out of the back door, no 
longer required. 

: There were also signs of 
change for unemployment, as 
(he Government directed 
some powerful guns, both on 
(he problem itself and the 
statistics measuring it- As a 
tfesult of the Restart Scheme 
and the Community Pro- 
gramme, directed towards the 
long-term unemployed, the 
underlying trend in un- 
employment turned down 
from July. 

■ The difficulty for the Gov- 
ernment has been in selling 
this as a real improvement. 
Earlier changes in the statis- 
tics, and current changes in 
the availability for work tests 
applied at DHSS offices, have 
produced an air of mistrust 
around the figures. 

I The major economic event 

After the spending spree: will 1987 
be Britain’s year of reckoning? 

of the year for the world 
economy and, perhaps even 
more for Britain, was the 
drop in oil prices. 

At the beginning of 1986 it 
was a reasonable assumption 
that world oil prices would 
remain at about $30 a barrel 
By the time, the Chancellor 
presented his Budget in 
March the Treasury was 
assuming a $15 a barrel ofl 
price, an assumption which, 
until recently, looted to be 
erring on the high ride. 

Whether the price settles at 
$15 or $18 a barrel, there has 
dearly been a significant 
change- The response to this 
rhang ff has so far been dis - 
appointing for the world 

The fall in oil prices ap- 
pears to have guaranteed a 
period of muted world infla- 
tion. This has allowed the 
Chancellor to take consid- 
erable risks with the exchange 
rate and with allowing a 
credit boom in the economy, 
which he probably coukl not 
have done much about 

There is a lesson here for 
future governments. If a 15 
per cent fall in sterling’s 
average value over 12 
months and credit growth of 
20 per cent a year does not 
produce inflation much 
above 5 per cent, then prob- 
ably nothing will 

B ut die response to 
lower oil prices in 
terms of growth has 
been unexciting. Looked at in 
straightforward terms, this is 
not surprising. The oil price 
drop took funds from the oil 
producers and put them into 
the hands of industry, gov- 
ernments and individuals in 
the West who did not know 
quite what to do with them. 


6-5 "I 



3J- gM 1 

ft C ^ 5 

rf mm s 

it * i i iri ik II * n i i i iii* r 


■ The oil price fell was 
supposed to do two things for 
Britain — to leave the Chan- 
cellor strapped for cash as the 
oil revenues fell away and to 
remove the “petro" prop 
from the balance of payments 
and sterling. 

It did not work out like 
that. The strongest consumer 
spending boom since 1978, 
fuelled by sharp growth in 
real incomes and readily 
available credit, produced a 
surge in indirect tax 

Income lax was boosted by 
more robust growth in earn- 
ings than the Treasury as- 
sumed or wanted, while 
corporation tax receipts soar- 
ed with the buoyancy of 
company profits, except for 
companies operating in the 
North Sea. 

As a result of this buoyancy 

of revenues, and the feet that 
public spending appears to 
have grown at a slower rate 
than the Chancellor is allow- 
ing for — and from a low 
1985-86 bare — the oil price 
fell has not produced an 
embarrassing bulge in the 
public sector borrowing 

T he Chancellor's “no 
change in economic 
policy” Autumn State- 
ment lifted the planning total 
for public spending by £1-3 
billion in 1986-87 and by 
£4.7 billion in 1987-88. 

And yet it appears such 
largesse (or perhaps one 
should say reluctant bowing 
to the inevitable) can be 
accompanied by tax reduc- 
tions. The Chancellor has 
said a number of times that 
next year's PSBR win not 


Maturing junior market squares 
1 up to the Big Bang challenge 

Mr John Dibben, chairman of 
the luxury kitchen designer 
SmaDbone and the former 
despatch rider Mr Richard 
Gabriel shared unusual 
distinctions this year. 

Mr Dibben became the Gilbert H 
500th paper millionaire on the Tay Horn 
Unlisted Securities Market, Paul Mid 
while Mr Gabriel's Interlink Hobson 
Express courier service Thorpac 
nipped across the line to Wingate 
become the 500th company to Ctogau G 
join the market since it was Rogas 
established six years ago. FU 
The USM had its share of Rasmec 
spills as well as thrills during a 
testing year. More than 80 per 
cent of the US cookie com- 
pany Mrs Fields was left with Piet Petr 
the underwriters and the Colorger 
shares opened at a sharp Memconr 
discount, despite becoming Dewey V\ 
the largest company on the Sapphire 
market. Pavion Ir 

Nearly 530 companies have High-Foil 
joined the USM since its Oirneld Ir 
launch on November 10, SW Rest 
1980. Just 360 are still traded Norbainl 
while the others, after promo- 
tion to the main market, have vc “?°rs, 
either been taken over, passed ““J 011 1 
into receivership, or cancelled 
their listings. . * here i 



Gilbert House 
Tay Homes 
Paul Michael 
Thorpac Group 
Wingate Prop. 
Ctogau Gold Mine 
































Piet Petroleum 
Dewey Warren 
Sapphire Pet 
Pavion lnt 
High-Point Serv. 

Oilfield Insp. 

SW Resources 
Norbain Sec. 

vendors, compared with £251 
million and £90 million in 
























60 • 







. There were various explana- ^ City for specuteve 

In fed, more than 70 com- tions foe poor start to the businesses” — PR and adverti- 

panies have moved on to the 
main market, suggesting the 
USM has served as an ideal 
apprenticeship for promotion. 
Valin Puffin, the PR firm. 
Body Shop, Hunterprint and 
Federated Housing have all 
moved up this year. 

The USM bad a sluggish 
start to the year. Fewer com- 
panies joined in the first three 
months than in any quarter 


Views are divided over how 

mar PMlMantirfc tlu-nthn- - . newsare aiviucu over now 

bST fi™ 5108 j P? K3es - the u us M's this will affect the USM. Some 

J™. °j accountants, appeal is now much more areue that comoanies with 
broadly based. This ye^ saw St ^fiSTlS to 

wer oTltenS uS **. shopfitters, £500,000 will go for the third 

P nthS U property developers, and market while those earning 

There have more than £1 mflfoSHriU 

Smas^SttfiUSMSieM ^ ^ 3 ***** overlook the USM and go for 

□ypassmg me U5 M iot me run ^ companies joining, en- a foil listina. 

dissuading firms. _ ** JSJf SkSFtaf EK. *UXS**£2S2 

But in the j €vent the pace ^ ^ ~nie maricet ^ 

rc- £500,000 will go for the third 
nd market while those earning 
iV 5 more than £1 million will 
overlook the USM and go for 

®* a full listing 

If this happens the USM 
of could be sandwiched between 
ri~ the twoand become something 
as of a dinosaur. Mr Andrew 

5*ce it opened. CtoN seven become a lot more 

were floated compared with ^ain^v^ it h^ wdened ^ a naming of does not believe the third 

1 &for the corresponding quar- people businesses. The shares market will destroy the USM. 

ter m 1985 and 99for the have not crashed, as might He doubts whether large 

whoteoftotyear.T^epnsent ^^gf u ^?T he,pedto have happened in the market’s sponsors will bother to pS 
count for the year standsat 97, sl 7^ D ^ I ^ arkc h, .. early days, but the City is a lot mote smallish companies, 
although the money raised has In its tarty days, the market more cautious. I think they stead leaving it to regional 
been considerably greater than attracted a nigh number of have realized that people are brokers. Others, like Mr 
last year. technology-related companies the companies' main asset and Whittall hope it will become 

According to Touche Ross, - which tater tottered after the jf mey walk out of the door complementary rather than 
the- accountant, £300 million near-collapse of Acorn then the company is in competitive, 
was raised for the companies Computers, once the market’s trouble.” ' _ i lJ ir 

and £150 million by the Wggrat company - before Inevitably, the USM was Cliff Feltham 

market will destroy the USM. 

He doubts whether large 
sponsors will bother to pro- 
mote smallish companies, in- 
stead leaving it to regional 
brokers. Others, like Mr 
Whittall hope it wifi become 
complementary rather than 

Cliff Feltham 




Ctoaring Banks It 
Finance House 11 >4 

neraort Motet Loan % 
Week toed: 10% 

Treasury BSb (Discount*) 

Siivim 10 "k 

2 ran* 10% 

3muh 10% 

Brian Bank Bab(D*sawrt%) 

1 mnth I0«ie-10% 2 mntft 10%-10 »h 
3 ninth 10"i»-i0 JI «6mmh I0"is-10% 
Trade BOs(Discoum%) 

ImrthtViB 2mnft11% 

3rmtti 11*» Bmrth 11 b n 


Overnight open 11 KctoseS 

1 w&k IOX-10% 6 trnnh ll'ie-ii 1 ™ 
imntti ri s «-tl'i8 9mntfi llhtollha 
3 moth 11»w-11M l2mBi 

L u dfll A H ioiBrOepodlB(%) 

2 days 10% 7 days 10% 

1 mrtfi 10% Smnffi 11% 

Sn^ith 11K 12 rath 11% 

|nc*J Authority Bonds (%) 

i mnth 2mn4i «*■«% 

Smith n%-n% 6mnth 11*-11% 
guntih 11%-itx 12mth ii*-ti 

7 days 8%S% 
French Franc 
7 days 9-8% 

3 mnth 9%-8% 
7 days 14-13 

7 days (PiaJPie 
3 mnth 4 »w^»ib 

cal 5%-4% 

t mnth 5%-5* 
Bmrth 4*w u ia 
calt 0X-7K 

1 mnth 8%-8% 

6 mnth 941% 
cafl 1 *-* 

1 mnth 5-4% 

8 mnth 4*n-4'is 
cal &4 

1 radMVn 

6 mnth 4 7 («-4 *m 


Hmfcet rales 

1 rnnth 1156-11 Smnth 1t a «-11 , w 

6 mnth ii’m-il'w I2m» 11%-n 

1 mnth 7.65-7.60 3 mnth &65&60 
Simdi 6J3M2S ISmth 630425 



cafl 6X-5K 
1 mnth 756-7% 



Krugmmf (per rejMK van: 

Sovereigns (nw.ex v*}: 

S (ES3UMS.75 ) 


S 47600 (£327.1 5) 


$ 530-532 (E3.635-3J3Q) 


ApptoteEmoM anoted:£iOOM 

Bfe£9734S% received; 90% 

Last week: £97 34% received: Effi% 

Avgerajs: Cl 0.6492% tost wk £103646% 
Next week: £i 00m replace £i00m 

Fixed Rate aterSng Btpon Rmikb 
S cheme tv Avarwe mterencs rm tor 
MMSl period November 1, 1986 to 
SSSrt>er2ri986 tnctosiva 1l JM8 per 

1 month 3meatta 

036035pram 138-133; 

(LS0-0.4lprem Z7Z-ZA7\ 
1%-Tpmm 4-3%prw 




1 32-150013 







138-1 33pram 















Stertog Index compared ■Mi 1S75 mm op at 68J>fday*x range 683«9.1}. 


Argentine aurtrar , 
Austria ddar — 
Bahrain <Ator__. 


Greece drachma — 
Hong Kong deter _. 

India rupee - 

Iraq rinar 

Kuwait (SnarKD — . 

Malaysia dofer 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand doiar _ 
SaurtAralXarfyal __ 
Singapore doBar . — 

So mh Africa rand 


*Uoyds Bark 




_ 213550-21.4908 






— n/a 




2.77Sa-2.r89 7 






— 13750-13650 




— .. 13765-13772 











— 7.7940-7.7990 






Sweden — 

N orway. 

ijcmark .. — .. — 
West Germany - 




japan — 


Hong Kong 



exceed the existing ta rg et of 
1.7S per cent of gross domes- 
tic product, or £7 billion. 

But most forecasters be- 
lieve that a 2p in the pound 
reduction in foe base rate of 
income tax, with the spend- 
ing increases already an- 
nounced, can be pulled out 
without c o mpromising this 

It looks like a ferry tale for a 
Chancellor in a probable 
general election year, and 
there is an dement of good 
fortune about it The rise in 
oil prices to $18 a band, if 
sustained, will add up to £1J 
billion to foe Chancellor's 
room for manoeuvre in foe 

It is absurd, of course, that 
foe PSBR should have taken 
on foe centra! role in policy 
that it has. But it is under- 
standable. After several years - 

of badly missed targets, foe 
Chancellor was able to an- 
nounce a PSBR undershoot 
for 1985-86 in his March 

The PSBR in 1985-86 came 
in at £5.8 billion. In the first 
eight months of the current 
pnanrral year the cumulative 
PSBR was £5.7 billion and, 
with British Gas ami other 
privatization proceeds to 
come, an undershoot looks 

So, in spite of the facts that 
the PSBR is distorted by asset 
sales (expected to rise to £5 
billion a year), that it is the 
difference between two large 
numbers and difficult to tar- 
get with any precision and 
that it may have been more 
ap p ro p riate to nut small 
PSBRs when oil revenues 
were buoyant, allowing larger 
rates when the oil revenues 
are fferTining , foe Chancellor 
dings to it 

And so foe oil price fell left 
foe Chancellor with his 
borrowing targets intact Bui 
it had greater impact on foe 
balance of payments and 

W hen oil prices were 
fidlmg over the early 
part of 1986. every- 
one waited for a repeat of foe 
January 1985 sterling crisis, 
when base rates were raised 
by 4% points in two weeks 
and mjnfmrt m lending rate 
•was briefly reintroduced. 

It did not happen. The 
marterc harf rehearsed the 
consequences of collapsing 
ofl prices for sterling so many 
times that when it actually 
happened they were too 
bored to go through the 
perfo r m ance. 

The Bank of England 
moved in early to sanction a 
one-point rise in base rates 

and that, despite considerable 
money maricet pressure, was 
that. . . 

When the sterling crisis 
ramc, it was later. The mar- 
kets appear to have accepted 
Treasury reassurances about 
foe consequences oflower oil 
prices for the British econ- 
omy (broadly neutral) and to 
have held off from selling 

^AJflSis changed in August 
when the National Institute 
for Economic and Soda] 
Research produced a horrify- 
ing vision of the balance of 
payments consequences of 
Britain without oiL 

The National Institute’s 
forecast, of a current account 
deficit of nearly £6 billion for 
1987, shook up the market 
The pound, having steadied 
at around 75 on the sterling 
index, fell abruptly to 70 in 
September and 67 in October. 

When the National In- 
stitute produced its forecast 
foe predictions of a narrow 
current account deficit in 
1987 were roughly matched 
by forecasts of a continuing, 
albeit small, surplus. 

Now there is virtual un- 
animity that the current ac- 
count wifi be in deficit next 
year. The range of forecasts 
runs from about £500 million 
to nearly £6 billion. 

And a deficit looks to be 
guaranteed for this year. The 
cumulative current account 
for foe first 11 months was 
£324 million. Barring a 

The debate over the size of 
next year’s deficit is a sterile 
one, although clearly foe size 
of foe defidt could have 
important implications for 
foe markets. Of more concern 
is foe trend. 

At the time of foe Budget 
foe Treasury forecasters said 
that the trade deficit in 

November, show* a »-,den>"S 
ihe deficit I® £5.^ hiuiOn 
* is ££S£l £7.5 billion >n 

1 987* 

The lifeline for exports is 
the lower value of the pound. 

particularly agamstthc Euro- 
pean currencies- The Troi 
Jury, having told the a £;P“£> 
Treasury and S cr 'Ij* 
Committee in 1985 that pn« 
was a relatively ummponant 

factor in determining export 

performance, now has to 
hope that it is. 

The International Mone- 
tary Fund and the Organiza- 
tion for Economic Co- 
Operation and Development 
predicted during 198b ih3t 
Britain's current account 
deficit would, be l°ngjasong 
and, in the case of OECD, 
that it would widen sharpl> 
by 1988. 

That is a problem for the 
future. The current account 
performance, while poor (as 
recently as March the Trea- 
sury forecast a £3.5 billion 
surplus for ibis year), did not 
act as a constrain: on the 
economy, although plenty ot 
people said that it would in 
the future. 

With consumer spending 
up by 5 per cent, retail sales 
hitting new records by foe 
month and consumer and 
mortgage leading finding its 
way easily from willing lend- 
ers to willing borrowers, there 
was little intimation of foe 
balance of payments con- 
straint at work. 

During the 1979-81 reces- 
sion. foe Prime Minister used 
to say that it was foe price 
that had to be paid for living 
beyond our means. Last year 
foe consumer enjoyed a 
boom, while manufacturing 
output, until recently, hardly 

The question for 1987 is 
whether we will have to pay- 
foe price, in higher inflation, 
a drooping pound and a 
balance of payments crisis, 
for all this fun. 

David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

to CbW Sots Or 
tas on at VK 
Feu* wk gn % 

overshadowed by Big Bang 
and fears foal it could 

_ the end of a two-way market 

JJS2L o^TSfoc %chan 9® in smaller companies with a 
i/1/oo 22/12/05 value of less than £50 millio n. 

P P Some observers felt that 

16 83 419 securities bouses would con- 

52 16 315 centrate on the larger and 

13 52 300 more profitable transactions 

10 41 282 in the shares of . bigger 

63 215 ‘241 companies. 

110 335 205 Yet statistics show that 

11 30 177 since deregulation the average 

102 281 175 value of daily business on the 

138 375 172 USM has risen by 35 per cent 

28 71 154 In the first 10 months of the 

year until Big Bang an average 
of £10.5 million shares were 
dealt on foe USM each day. 
115 27 77 Yet since then foe average has 

106 25 76 crept up to more than £14 

53 20 62 million. 

178 68 62 This reflects foe fact that 

48 19 60 many leading corporate spon- 

53 21 60 sors have set up their own 

375 150 60 market-making operations. 

75 30 60 But foe USM feces another 

30 12 60 big challenge in 1987. The 

145 58 60 Stock Exchange is setting up a 

. . third market designed to be a 

moving into another phase cheap and easy way for new 

companies. companies with a brief record 

OUm Boriwd 

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20.7m Osborne A LdOe 298 

232m Omen Mod 40>: 

5.191.000 PCI 117 

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«aa-iiiv-um tci a p n j p xx 

as rates come A SCTOOge Star I Of HailSOn 

bumping down 

N ow that the dust has 
settled on the changes 
in the gilt market since 
Big Bang, it is clear that die 
main beneficiaries of the 
changes so far have been 
clients of gilt market-makers 
— principally the main insur- 
ance companies, pension foods 
and building societies. 

Compared with the old mar- 
ket. competition between the 
27 market-makers means that 
it is possible to do quite 
substantial business in plw 
much closer to current middle 
market prices. Since most 
deals are now done without 
commission directly with the 
market-marker, aHSq means 
that the overall cost of baying 
or selling gilts for a big 
institution could be as low as 
one or two thirty-seconds of 
one per cent — ie: between 0.03 
per cent and 0.06 per cent 
Much as expected, the big 
increase in competition has led 
to a big increase in turnover in 
gilts. We now have reasonably 
accurate turnover figures for 
the first seven weeks since 
October 27. 

These figures show that 
total turnover in gilts has been 
running at a rate of about £16 
billion per week daring the 
period of 1986 after October 
27, compared with about £7 
billion per week on average 
before Big Bang. 

However, a large part of the 
increase in turnover has come 
from dealings between the 
market-makers — on average, 
about £9 billion per week. So 
at first sight, even though it is 
much cheaper now to deal than 
formerly, the cnstomer busi- 
ness is broadly unchanged 
from the approximate £7 bil- 
lion per week before October 

This conclusion, which does 
seem rather surprising, re- 
quires some modification in 
die light of the fact that the 
customers doing the business 
post Big Bang are a smaller 
group than those before that 
date. Because the number of 
gilt market- make rs expanded 
from seven to 27, it means that 
20 previous customers became 
market-makers themselves. 

I n short, in gQts with a 
maturity of op to five years, 
for example, customer 
turnover has fallen by one 
quarter since Big Bang, and 
now runs at about £2 Vt bifikm 
per week. This is partly be- 
cause a lot of the institutions in 
the banking sector such as 
discount houses who are now 
also gih-edged market-makers 
were previously contributing 
substantial amounts to re- 
corded customer turnover in 
short gifts. 

In long gilts of more than 
five years to maturity, it seems 
that most of the new market- 
makers were not doing 
substantial business until the 
last few months of the old 
market. In this area, turnover 
of customer business at about 
SXVi billion per week, is 
perhaps £1 billion per week 
higher than before October 27. 

Ooe might argue that, be- 
cause the market has at times 
been rather quiet over the past 
two months, these turnover 
figures might be misleadingly 
low. That this is not so is 
indicated by the volatility of 
the market 

In the period for which we 
have statistics post Big Bang, 
the volatility of the market was 
8.1 per cent which on the 
previously estimated relation- 

ship would predict a turnover 
of some £31 billion on a 
monthly basis. The actual 
answer is £32 billion. This 
discrepancy is well within the 
margin of error for this kind of 
statistical model. 

The reason why the volume 
of customer business is im- 
portant is that, obviously, the 
increase in turnover between 
the market-makers just repre- 
sents a gigantic game of pass- 
the-parcel which does not lead 
to any direct benefit in terms of 
profits to the market-makers. 

There is, however, a consid- 
erable indirect benefit as these 
inter-dealer dealings enable 
positions to be taken which 
otherwise might not be. So the 
risk of the market-makers' 
business is reduced even 
though the return is not 

Even though one mast allow 
for the “outside” market-mak- 
ers becoming “inside**, the 
modest increase in customer 
turnover in longs is perhaps a 
little disappointing, given how 
much cheaper it is to deal. 
However, it may well be that 
the market is in a transitional 

F or example, there does 
not seem to have been 
much business where in- 
stitutions have tried to execute 
substantial orders much larger 
than the ordinary market size 
of £2 Vi million or so. Indeed, 
there is some evidence that 
those investors who used to do 
largo- deals have tended to 
split their tasinessL 
However, competition for 
such substantial orders as 
there are, has been intense. It 
is not obvious that those who 
bare split their business are 
doing better than those who 
are dealing in size. Accord- 
ingly, one increase in turnover 
could come fairly soon. 

The widely expected in- 
crease in volatility indneed by 
market-makers' trading activ- 
ities has yet to materialize. 
However, given investors' rel- 
atively cautious stance in gilts 
over the past few weeks, and 
the steady pace of funding by 
the authorities, this is not too 

Another symptom of the 
relatively low level of serious 
trading business is the way in 
which turnover is still split 
between a lot of different 
issues rather than concentrat- 
ing on leading stocks. In the 
twenty-first century stocks, it . 
is true, turnover has been 
largely concentrated to three 
that are closely related to the 
gilt futures contract. But in 
seven to 15 year stocks, oar 
own dealings surest that 
although ooe stock (Treasury 
12 per cent 1995) has about 
one-quarter of die turnover, 
the rest of the turnover is 
widely spread. 

To make the new year a 
happy and prosperous one for 
the gilt market-makers, there 
has to be an increase in gilt , 
turnover, from cnstomer busi- 
ness, not just in inter-dealer 
turnover. Although it seems 1 
reasonable that such an in- i 
crease should occur, the longer 
term futur e of the market will 
only be assured when investors i 
and speculators realise how ! 
cheaply business can now be | 

Richard Golding ; 

Dr Golding is head of bond 
market research at Kleinwort 
Grieveson Charlesworth 

W hat an extraordinary business 
year it has been. When it 
opened, the Westland drama 
had yet to reach its unbelievable climax 
and half a dozen takeover bids or 
mergers worth £1 billion or more were 
already on the table. Officially, it has 
been Industry Year. But, in reality, it 
Ufa s always going to be the City’s year, as 
the Stock Exchange transformed itself 
into a new competitive high-tech place 
of the future and the Financial Services 
Bill tardily made it a safer place for 

Neither Industry Year nor the City’s 
year worked out quite as planned. 
Industry's main role was to be bought 
and sold ever more frenetically. The 
City, having bought and sold most of 
itself — even individuals and small 
teams put themselves up for auction — 
was hoping the year would reach its 
scheduled climax on October 27, the 
day of the Big Bang. But brokers and 

referred to the noise of thousands of 
computer fuses blowing simultaneously, * 
when they were thrown to the floor by 
the insider trading earthquake. 

Such an eventful year has produced a 
host of notable individual achieve- 
ments, many of them intentional. Some 
will be recognized in the New Year's 
Honours List. But not enough. To fill 
this gap, the column is again making its 
own supplementary awards for Business 
and the Related Arts. 

Several candidates for the top award, 
that for Snpreme Achievement, fell 
heavily before the end of the race. Sir 
Nicholas Goodison, the chairman of 
the Stock Exchange and a previous 
winner, had been marked in the diary 
as a strong runner. His personal role 
i in the City revolution can hardly be 
overestimated. But frankly, the cli- 
mate is not ripe. In any case, he had to 
compete with a towering Victorian 
figure, whose stature seemed to grow 
month by month. This year's Snpreme 
Achievement must be that of Sir Denis 
Rooke. For a man who never really 
wanted British Gas to be privatized. 
Sir Denis — perennially described as 
formidable — has do mina ted proceed- 
ings far more than greater enthusiasts, 
despite his disclaim er that “it's noth- 
ing to do with me. I'm just the chap 
who is being sold". 

By his combination of unrelenting 
good humour and toughness in nego- 
tiation, Sir Denis has brought his 
monopoly into the private sector with 
the minimum of regulation, com- 
petition, or restriction and with 
minimum disclosure of its affairs to 
its initial five million shareholders. 
The very existence of an £8 billion pot 
for the Treasury is very much the 
result of his personal labours over the 
years. And if taxes are cut, taxpayers 
will owe it principally to Sir Denis. 
His comment on the charge that 
British Gas might be dull is also an 
enduring classic. “I like it to be dull if 
that means it makes higher profits in a 
bad year. That is better than being an 
all-singing, all-dancing lot that don’t 
perform. We have performed and we 
wiQ perform and it will be a lot easier 
without civil servants hanging on our 
coattails”. A worthy winner indeed. 

As a minor consolation. Sir Nicho- 
las is awarded the Nelson Patch for 
asserting that the Stock Exchange Big 
Bang computer problems had been 
put right after the first day. 

There is an even stronger field than 
usual for our second main award. 
Capitalist of the Year. In a strong 
antipodean entry, John Elliott of 
Elders DCL stands out as achieving 
more for Allied-Lyons by bidding for 
it than its board bad done for years. 
Sir Jeffrey Sterling is again a strong 
contender for quietly unlocking the 

Sir Denis: Supreme 

Achievement award 

Lord Hanson: year’s 
Top Capitalist 

OCL shipping consortium, and stalk- 
ing and nabbing European Ferries and 
Slock Conversion for P&O. 

In the end, however, the 1983 
winner. Lord Hanson, has run away 
with it again. Hanson astutely did its 
fans in Downing Street a favour by a 
crucial intervention in Westland. By 
brilliant dealing in the United States, 
his alter ego. Sir Gordon White, who 
shares the prize, rapidly recouped the 
$930 million cost of SCM and was still 
left with businesses making $120 
million a year profit. In Britain, Lord 
Hanson finally won Imperial with a 
£2.8 billion takeover and quickly 
recouped £1.4 billion by selling Cour- 
age to Mr Elliott What clinched the 
award, however, was Hanson's at- 
tempt to separate Courage employees 
from £70 million of surplus in their 
pension funds. It foiled, but at Elders* 
expense, not Hanson's. This displayed 
the true lack of sentiment of the pure 
capitalist For that Lord Hanson 
receives a specially enhanced version 
of the Capitalist of the Year title, 
incorporating the rarely awarded Eb- 
enezer Scrooge Star. 

A special Rising Capitalist award 
goes to Richard Branson, who took 
time off from fast boats to float his 
Virgin group in the new privatization 
style, win a share of the satellite 
broadcasting system and run Mrs 
Thatcher's' clean-up campaign. The 
award is made in the hope that Mr 
Branson escapes a premature knight- 
hood and is thereby spared the curse 
that befell Sir Freddie Laker. 

T here are three worthy contenders 
for the Poisoned Chalice, the last 
of our three major awards, and 
by chance they form a chain. At 
British Shipbuilders, Graham Day 
passed the blighted cup to the 
unfortunate Phillip Hares, who, 
within a fortnight, was obliged to axe 
3,500 jobs and close several proud 
shipyards. To his credit. Mr Hares 
looked devastated at having to do so, 
which is unusual these days. Mr Day 
had only left, however, to take on the 
equally fraught legacy of what is now 
Rover. There, due to the failure of 
government plans to sell Leyland 
Trucks and Land-Rover and the 
disastrous preparation of Unipart for 
sale, he found an even harder task 
than he had bargained for. The 
Poisoned Chalice goes, however, to 
the man who took on responsibility 
for both these and much else, Paid 

After a long ministerial career 
below the parapet, the curse of 
Westland propelled Mr Channon 
straight to the dispatch box to u nl eas h 
the patriotic wrath of the provinces 
over the plan he announced to sell 
Leyland Trucks and Land-Rover to 
Genera] Motors, not to mention the 
possibility of Ford buying Austin- 
Rover. Poor Mr Channon soon found 
himself backing down humiliatingly 
on all fronts. Much more was to 
follow, including the British Ship- 

builders announcement. After bring- 
ing chaos back to Monopolies 
Commission references, he stepped 
aside so that his department could 
appoint inspectors to his own family 
company, Guinness, and then had to 
investigate his own department. Leon 
Brittan had made a great escape. 

Takeover fever produced several 
secondary prizes. The important new 
award of Niccolo Mnchiavelli Adviser 
of the Year was hotly contested. 
Hambros earns a mention for advis- 
ing itself on the faultily divorce. Hill 
Samuel and Cazenove are com- 
mended for their decision (advised by 
lawyers) to keep quiet over their secret 
weapon in the defence of AJE, a move 
which finally cost AE any chance of 
remaining independent This had the 
necessary quality of being too clever 
by half, bnt was no match for the all- 
found achievement of the winner, 
Moigan GrenfelL Its development of 
plea bargaining with the Office of Fair 
Trading over the Guinness bid for 
Distillers and United Biscuits* ill- 
fated merger with Imperial was a 
breakthrough. Its own flotation on the 
Stock Exchange, which secured 
unrepeatable prices for sellers, was 
clearly designed to show clients what 
not to do. Ingenuity foiled over the 
Eurotunnel but the bank's late domes- 
tic troubles and tactical withdrawal 
from Guinness left the competition 

The Westland saga earns chairman 
Sir John Cuckney the title of Poli- 
tician of the Year. His stoic determ- 
ination left the Cabinet looking like 
children and the Opposition in awe. 
Suggestions that James Prior has 
asked him for lessons are, however, 
mere tittle tattle. 

Although many escaped bids, the 
Colditz Wooden Horse goes to Geof- 
frey Mulcahy of Woolworths, who 
shamed the institutions into loyalty. 
The Bank of England earns a mention 
for selling JMB and escaping with less 
embarrassment than once seemed 
likely. The subsidiary Pyrrhus Victory 
Shield is awarded to Michael 
Me William of S tandar d Chartered for 
his escape from toe dutches of Lloyds 
into other friendly hands. 

The White Knight Shield goes to 
Robert Maxwell, who made an 
appearance in one guise or another in 
too many bids to mention. His role in 
changing distressed damsels' under- 
standing of the true nature of a white 
knight is likely to prove a lasting 

Ernest Saunders was an equally 
strong candidate for his risk-free, high 
reward strategy but his situation is so 
fluid that a temporary personal award 
is called for. Pressing attempts by the 
column’s Scottish division to award 
the Black Heart have been rejected. 
Pro tem Mr Saunders receives the 
Draught Guinness Diary for a year 
which the winner starts frothy, bubbly 
and on top but finds increasingly dark 
and heavy as he goes on. 

pT--- v®'- 

Channon: receives 
Poisoned Chalice 

Branson: veiy busy 
Rising Capitalist 

The Foot in Month statuette was 
sneaked at the winning post by Robert 
Fleming, who managed to put out a 
rejection of a higher bid for client 
Bryant Holdings as inadequate before 
it had been made. 

C ompetition from Whitehall is 
fierce for the Rubber Duck prize 
for flexibility. Nigel Lawson's 
steadfast pursuit of policies which 
somehow do not quite seem the same 
as a year ago needs no commendation 
here. The Central Statistical Office has 
made an outstanding contribution by 
continually c hanging its mind over 
the level of invisible exports. It has 
now made them incalculable as welL 
May we look forward to the current 
account balancing to the pound every 
month in future "due to 
incalculables”? The prize, however, 
goes to Eurotunnel for the ever- 
shifting closing date for subscriptions. 
The closing date, it turned out, was 
whatever time the Bank of England 
finally bullied City institutions to 
come up with enough money. 

Mr Lawson instead earns the Lady 
Bountiful Plate for giving away £800 
million of taxpayers' money in the 
TSB. The Golden Narcissus is to be 
held by Sir Ralph Halpem, who really 
has done a wonderful job at Burton — 
though he would be the last to say so — 

Mulcahy: Colditz Saunders: Draught 

Wooden Horse Guinness Diary 

and has now ousted BOOs Richard 
Giordano as Britain's highest paid 

We must look abroad for an 
ousianding winner of the Bullet in 
Foot plaster cast. Sheikh Yamani 
wanted to teach irresponsible mem- 
bers of Opec a lesson, so he turned on 
the oil taps — a powerful demonstra- 
tion of Saudi power. Unfortunately 
King Fahd thought differently as the 
Sheikh’s brilliant strategy wrecked the 
Saudi budget and made it the least 
popular country in the Gulf. 

In Geneva, meanwhile, the Institute 
for Research and Information on 
Multinationals earns the unusual 
award of the Final Logoff for knowing 
when to stop. Its director, M Henri 
Roan ne-Rosenblatt. has just an- 
nounced that IRM will cease its 
activities from the end of the year on 
the quixotic ground that its job is done 
and people now understand multi- 
nationals. Now there is a precedent 
many could usefully follow — and a 
message for this column. 

The' last word, and the last prize, 
should, however, surely go to Ivan 
Boesky, who earned the Cassandra 
Sandwich Board for the saying of the 
year last January. He took the 
opportunity of a visit to Cambrian & 
General Securities in London to 
explain his role as a Robin Hood 
fighting to get shareholders a better 
deal, “We look forward to the time 
when we can provide a service in the 
UK market as we do at home.” Thank 
you, Mr Boesky and a prosperous 
accident-free 1987 to all. 

Law Report December 29 1986 

Miners’ differential pay rates against law protecting trade unions 

Ridgeway and Another v. Na- 
tional Coal Board 

Before Lord Justice May, Lord 
Justice Nicholls and Lord Jus- 
tice Bingham 
[Judgment December 16] 

The National Coal Board in 

failing to pay la two members of outset that the appeal had 
the National Union of become academic and should 
Mineworkers wages at the in- not be entertained, 
creased rates agreed with the That a decision on the points 
Union of Democratic of construction raised on the 
Mineworkers on January 17, appeal would be of assistance in 
1986. had acted in breach of disposing of other complaints 
section 23( Ufa) of the Employ- made by members of the NUM 
meat Protection (Consofida- against the board did not furnish 
lion) Act 1978. justification for the court 

The Court of Appeal so held proceeding with the appeal if 
by a majority (Lord Justice May there was no longer any live 
dissenting) in allowing an ap- issue between the parties, even if 
peal by the appellants, Peter the decision would be far from 
Thomas Ridgeway and Paul academic in other cases. 
Fairbroiher. against a decision However, ft was not right to 
of the Employment Appeal Tri- regard' this as a case where there 
bunal {The Times August 14) lo was no longer any matter in 
allow an appeal by the National actual controversy. The amount 
Coal Board against a decision of of compensation payable was 

appellants would receive pay- not entitled to refuse to hear the 
mem of the wage increase, duly appeal. 

backdated, agreed with the 
Union of Democratic 
Mineworkers on January 17. the Coal Board to pay the 
1986. non-payment of which appellants* wages at the in- 
had led to their complaints. creased rates constituted 
The board submitted at the 

I.o-v ihat Ihp hoH Virtue of the extended meaning 

The first of the four questions 
raised was whether the failure of 

a Leicester industrial tribunal 
on May 28. 1 986 that action bad 
been taken against the appel- 
lants in contravention of section 
23t IRa) of the 1978 Act- 
Section 23 of the 1978 Act 

never agreed, nor had it been 
considered by ’ the industrial 

The amount of compensation 
payable was not necessarily 
limited to the amount of lost 

provides: “(1) Subject to the wages. Under section 26 of the 
following provisions of this 1978 Act the amount of 
section, every employee shall compensation was such amount 
have the right not to have action as the tribunal considered just 
(short of dismissal) taken and equitable having regard to 
against him as an individual by the infringement or the ngnt 
his employer for the purpose of under section -3. 

_ (a) preventing or deterring The appellants were also 
him from being or seeking to asscrung a claim for frustration 
become a member of an in- and stress, from having to work 
dependent trade union, or alongside others being paid 
penalising him for doing more for doing Hie same work. 

- Thev relied on Brossmgton t 

^ Cav Mon (Wholesale) Lid 

Mr John Hendy and Mr Tim /N Q 7g t ICR 40*) Thev also 

las Underhill for the board. clainls fo r - flirlher 

LORD JUSTICE compensation were alhe and 

fJICHOLLS said that -the cgaJL-, coy Id- not be disregarded as 
Vjard had- announced :. on . \iSffetfe~tmiwniy The court was 
joiember 8. 1986 th3t the - ;■ 

given to that word by section 
153(1) of the 1978 Art, it 
included omission. 

The board submitted that to 
be an omission the benefit 
denied must be one which the 
employee could reasonably ex- 

That submission could not be 
accepted. For an act to con- 
stitute •‘action" within section 
23 there did not need to be any 
reasonable expectation that the 
employer would not so behave. 

That being so. there was no 
justification for adding that 
requirement as a gloss on the 
language in the statute in the 
case of an omission. Moreover, 
to draw the suggested distinc- 
tion between action and omis- 
sion could produce absurd 

The second issue was whether 
the action was taken against 
each appellantV “as an 
individual". The board submit- 
ted that action was not taken 
against an employee “as an 
individual" unless it was di- 
rected or targeted against him. 

That argument was also un- 
acceptable. It seemed reason- 
ably clear that the phrase "as an 
individual" was included in 
section 53 of the Employment 

Protection Art 1975. which was 

the forerunner of section 23 of 
the 1978 Act. so as to exclude 
from the ambit of the right 
conferred on employees by that 
section conduct of Hie kind 
found in Posi Office' v Crouch 
([19741 1 WLR 89). 

preclude adverse action being 
taken against a union being 
treated ipso facto, on the reason- 
ing adopted in the Crouch case,' 
as action taken against the 

Adverse action taken against 
a union was not, by reason only 
of any consequential effect it 
might have on members or 
officers of the union, to be 
treated as action against in- 
dividual employees. To be 
within the section the action had 
to affect the employee otherwise 
than merely gun member or 
officer of a union. 

The employee’s pay came to 
him as an individual employee 
and not as a member of a union, 
even if iis amount might be 
affected by negotiations be- 
tween his union and his em- 

Indeed, it was difficult to 
think of an action, short of 
dismissal, which could be taken 
by an employer against an 
employee which could more 
obviously qualify as action 
taken against him as on individ- 
ual than a reduction in. or a 
failure to increase, his pay. 

The third question was 
whether the tribunal mis- 
directed themselves when reach- 
ing the conclusion that the 
board's purpose, in not paying 
the NUM the wage increases 
paid to their UDM colleagues, 
was lo penalise them for being 
members of the NUM. 

There was no ground for 
thinking that the tribunal mis- 
directed themselves with regard 
to the evidence before them on 
that issue. 

The remaining question con- 
cerned the true construction of 
the expression “an independent 
irade union" in section 23(1 1(a) 
of the 1978 Acl 

The board contended that the 

verse action being preventing art employee from The board placed reliance on Construction Ltd ([1982] ICR proceeaea to near tne merits ot 
st a union being being a member of a particular the wording of section 5(1 Xa) of 60) was wrongly made. Ine case. , 

acto, on the reason- independent trade union was the Industrial Relations Act His Londship would allow the M|S Lonosiup preterred the 
in the Crouch case,' permissible. 1971. which conferrd on every appeal. con struct ion ot the word 

taken against the The appellants contended worker the right to be a member LORD JUSTICE BING- “"V 5510 ] 1 ^contended for by 
that the words comprehended of “such trade union as he may HAM concurring, said that ^ oan ^ fedure to 

ctinn taken against not only any independent trade choose" That form of words section 23< I Xa) ofthe 1 978 Act ac ^!? s r 

nm bv reawmonlv union but also a particular trade was contrasted with paragraph 6 .was drawn in general terms. It Only if the finding of non- 

SSeSiJrfftcT'K union, and ita. action forriliKT o f Sctadofc 1 lo the Trade SSSSlfi&Kro 

nn mfmhprs nr purpose was un permissible. Union and Labour Relations the ceneral as commehendias necessarily imptiM, or one was 

Ite n3Sf. S S IholSSSgo of .the Aa 1974 which was the fot^ £ SSStoToStoTSS # 

action against in- secUon ordinary meaning, runner of section 58 of the 1978 iMlie reason why it should not. ™ , fa £ “g JiJE™ ^ 
Tn vw, paragraph (3) was as apt to cover AcL Tiwn- was no snr-ti imcnn not in e circumstapces get 

Construction Ud ([1982] ICR 
60) was wrongly made. 

His Lordship would allow the 

HAM, concurring, said that 
section 23(IXa) ofthe 1978 Act 

proceeded to hear the merits of 
the case. 

His Lordship preferred the 
construction of the word 
“omission" contended for by 
the board. Not every foil ore to 
act was an omission. 

Against that background, the expression meant any indepen- 
expression “as, an individual" in dent trade union, so that taking 
section 23 was ' intended to lo action -for The purpose of 

purpose was impermissible. 

Giving the language of ibe 
section its ordinary meaning, 
paragraph (a) was as apt to cover 
a case where the employer's 
purpose, was to prevent the 
employee from being a member 
of the XYZ union (so long as it 
was an independent trade 
union) as it was to cover the case 
where where the employer’s 
purpose was to prevent the 
employee from being a member 
of any independent trade union 

There was no justification for 
construing the words in such a 
way as to cut down their natural 
scope so as to limit the 
proscribed purpose to the case 
where the employer’s intention 
was to prevent the employee 
from being a member of any 
trade union whatsoever. 

The corresponding provisions 
of section 58 left no room for 
any lingering doubL There was 
nothing in section S8f 1 ) to 
support the narrower construc- 
tion For which the board con- 

Sections 23(7) and 58(6) of the 
1978 Acl also provided some 
support for the appellants' 
construction. Section 23(3) and 
(4), now repealed, provided no 
dear guidance, however. Sec- 
tion 77(1) strongly supported 
the appellants' construction. 

Those indications taken to- 
gether did not show or suggest 
thal the legislature intended the 
expression “an independent 
trade union" in sections 23 and 
58 ofthe 1978 Act iq. bear some 
meaning other than the one 
which seemed 10 be their natural 

the general as comprehending 
the particular unless there was 
some reason why it should dol 
T here was no such reason 
The omission ofthe words "as here. It was accepted that the 
he may choose” from paragraph subsection proscribed general 
6(4Xa) 'was explained by the manifestations of anti-trade 
difference in the linguistic for- unionism. There was no reason 
mat of the two sets of pro- why manifestations of hostility 
visions, and did not betoken a towards a particular trade union 
change in the meaning as con- should be regarded as any less 
tended. worthy of proscription. 

Amendments made by the 

fdsS'SSi'SmISdm.leKJ 9™^° ^ 

the consiruction^of the relevant 
C u^iS n » it hadVn seodon 

■yjt t y a \ The board s construction 

* would allow an employer to 

The Employment Appeal Tn- penalise an employee because 
bunal, however, had giv«t he was a member of a particular 
weight to the fact ihat sub- union bui not because he was (in 
section (c) had been amended by general) a trade unionist. That 
section 10(4) of the 1982 Art. could not be where Parliament 
whereas subsection (a) had not had intended to draw the line. 
There was now a marked con- lx would involve industrial 
trast between the subsections* tribu nals having to decide 
wording. whether an employer's antipa- 

ThaL however, was not an thy was towards trade unionism 
adequate basis for concluding generally or towards a particular 
that the board's construction ‘ trade union or unions, 
was to be preferred, given in His Lordship would also al- 
particular the indications to the low the appcaL 


za+ft Ac ^vam ex- 

p ™ or t„. of Mr Justice Bristow in 

f Brass i net on v Cauldon Whofe- 
Thil ** Ltd was decided, as 

lion ~3( I Xa) wp corran. The was the decision in Cheall v 
observations o f the Employ- y auxba ff S1oW rs Ud {[1979] 
mem Appeal Tribunal in idi p 1531 and that now that 
Carlson v Post Office ([19811 SStariid backdate? the pay 
■ l ’ j 11121 P? ,nt W ^ re increases there was in truth no 
right, and tie concession to the continuing lis between the par- 
contrary made in Rath v Cruden ^ However the court had 

what they ought or might have 
expected, or perhaps what the 
objective observer might have 
expected them lo get, could such • 
a failure amount to su- 
bmission’'. ' - ‘ 

There must at least have been' - 
some obligation to pay or some 
expectation of receipt to enable ' 
one to categorize the non- 
payment of the higher rates as 
an “omission" on the part of the 
board to make such payments. 

However, although the tri- 
bunal erred in law in their 
approach to what constituted an 
omission sufficient to be in- 
cluded within section 23(1 Ha), 
nevertheless had they adopted 
the correct approach, they could, 
only have reached one conclu- 
sion. namely that there had been 
an “omission'* properly consid- ■ 
ered in point of law. 

His Lordship preferred the’ 
argument of the board thal the 
words “as an individual" had 
been inserted in to the 1978 Act 
for the purpose of drawing a- 
distinction between action, 
against a union and an action 
against an individual The pro? 
visions of section 25(!Xa) and 
26(5) supported thal contention. - 

The board’s action to with- 
hold the' pay increases from 
members of the NUM was not 
taken against the 1 appellants “as 
individuals", jftis Lordship 
would dismiss i the appeal on 

that point. - . ! 

Solicitors: Seifert Sediey Wil- 
liams; Mr C. X. Peach. Don- 




. Fftra your portfolio card check your 
ciuu share price movemems, on this page 
only. Add them up to give you you r 
overall total and check this against the 
daily dividend figure. If it matches, you 
have won outright or a share of the total 
daily pme money .Sated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card. You must always have 
your can! available when etaimiwg. 



Capitalization and week’s change 

(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock qmrted) 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began December 22. Dealings end January 9. §Gontango day January IX Settlement day January i v. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

i? ; Tick-' >'e«p*P*« 


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S^=rT*r ; ’■•• 







Cohesive victory for Barbarians 

By David Hands 
R&gbv Correspondent 


.. 18 


— 22 

Rugby, the Australian 
marketing men claim, is the 
game they play in heaven 
(they do not say whether it is 
union or league). This was one 
of the games to back (hat 
claim, full of beauty, wit, 
humour and just that touch of 
steel which turns an ex- 
hibition of the game's skills 
into a contest. 

Few of the 15,800 crowd 
will have left Welford Road 
on Saturday depressed be- 
cause their side had lost by 
two goals, a try and two 
penalty goals to two goals and 
two penalties, or even because 
Leicester’s ground record had 
been taken. They might have 
been miffed if they had 
banked on Leicester's usual 
3pm kick-off because three of 
the five tries came in the first 
seven minutes in an explosive 
start matched nearly by an 
equally explosive finish. 

Yet it was an uncharacteris- 
tic Leicester performance, 
betraying a certain brittleness 
in their play. They began 
playing fast and loose and they 
did not change, even though 
every game demands a period 
of consolidation. It was the 
Barbarians instead who set- 
tled into the more cohesive 
unit, particularly among the 
forwards where they con- 
trolled the loose bail. 

That in itself was not 
surprising with two fine flank- 
ers. Matthews and Rees, on 
the field but it was surprising 
that Leicester's challenge was 
not restated until the final 
frenzied minutes when, play- 
ing into a strong wind, they 
attacked at least four times 
from behind their own line. 

Leicester, of course, have 
long been known as risk-takers 
and the young men of 1986 
have eagerly seized the torch 
handed down by the fine side 
of five years ago. But there is 
no Woodward for the final 
thrust and the advancing years 
have taken their toll of the 
speed of Hare and Cusworth. 
What remains to be enjoyed, 
however, is the incomparable 
skills Hare still brings to his 
line and place-kicking and the 

New faces 
but old 
story for 

By Gordon Allan 

Itoff^iyn Park 

— 15 

Bedford - 


Ann wrestling: Leicester's Bnttunore being tackled by Harrison as Andrew follows up in the rear (Photograph: las Stewart) 

vision that Cusworth has for 
the game which may yet be 
reproduced by those fortunate 
enough to play alongside him. 
Moreover, Leicester still 
have a footballing back row 
which shores up a pack of only 
middling quality. To see Rich- 
ards appear in places he 
should not have the speed to 
be in, plucking the ball one- 
handed out of the air, leaving 
Wells and Tebbutt to rove the 

Weston, wearing His Barbar- 
ians committee hat as well as 
that of an England selector, to 
watch Carling provide another 
thoughtful performance at 
centre, playing this time in the 
mode of Slack, the Australian 
captain, as a stand-up link 
man and midfield flanker, 
leaving Charvet to create the 
gaps and Thorburn and Harri- 
son to exploit them. Titley too 
was in fine attacking mood. 

his Barbar- 

field is to enjoy unit skills of giving Underwood a difficult 
the highest order, matched afternoon. 

though they were on this 
occasion by the Barbarians for 
whom Macfarlane had an 
impressive debut. 

The Barbarians had experi- 
ence elsewhere too: a knowl- 
edgeable front row which took 
three strikes against the head 

Leicester's first try was also 
the last time in which they 
rucked fluidly twice in succes- 
sion before Cusworth's diag- 
onal kick was toed over the 
line and Hare was given the 
touch among a clutch of 
players by Brian Anderson, 

in the second halt the crafi of whose refereeing com- 
May and the leaping Ander- plemented the game. When 

son, and behind them Jones's 
splendidly old head on young 
shoulders which carries him 
perpetually to the place he is 
most needed. 

Further out there was an- 
other opportunity for Michael 

Calder twins star 
in capital show 

By fan McLanchlan 

South of Scotland ••■■••a 18 
Edinburgh — 21 

Edinburgh won the McEwan’s 
inter-district championship out- 
right for the first lime since 
1980. The closeness of the 
scoreline belies the superiority 
of an Edinburgh inspired by 
their back-row twins, Finlay and 
Jim Calder. and Rafferty, all of 
whom disrupted South's lineout 
possession and provided a 
stream of good loose balL 

Given such a supply. Scon 
and Wyllie outplayed their more 
illustrious opponents, ^dlaw 
and Rutherford. The Edinburgh 
centres. Kennedy and Scon 
Hastings, were extremely bellig- 
erent in defence, some of their 
tackles drawing gasps from the 
huge crowd as well as from their 
opposite numbers. 

I'o crown a good day for the 
capital, Gavin Hastings was on 
song with his place-kicking, 
scoring four penalties, a drop 
goal and a conversion for a total 
of 17 points. His counterpart, 
Dods, ended with only three 
points less from four penalties 
and one conversion. 

For South, Rutherford and 
Robertson looked strangely in at 
ease and made many unforced 
errors. Laidlaw made much of 

the untidy possession thrown 
his way and Dods dealt 
admirably with a barrage of 
garryowens. The forwards strug- 
gled in all phases of play, 
particularly in the lineout. 

The crucial score — 
Edinburgh's try — came in the 
35th minute when a poor pass 
from Robertson fell short of 
TaiL Fisken hacked the ball 
ahead and over the South line. 
Tail, having recovered, seemed 
dearly to beat Fisken to the 
touchdown but the referee 
mysteriously awarded the try. 

South's try arrived in the sixth 
minute of injury time in the 
second half when Iain Paxton 
drove over from close range. 

S CORERS: Sooth of ScoOmuk Trr- I 
Paxton. PonaMoK Dods (4), Common: 
Dads. Edinburgh: Tir- FWffln. PsmMsb 
G Hastings (4). Drop goal: G Hastings. 
Conversion: G Hastings. 

Tatt (KateoV K Murray (Hawick). K 
Robertson (MsIrossL 1 TUcdoJSeMrttt J 
Rutherford (SeKlricL R Laidbw fJsd- 
FbiTCft K Soiflaw (Jed-Fdn»Q. C Deane 

(SdkfrK). J Jeffrey 

E»NBURGH: G Hastings (Watsontons); S 
McAslan (Heriot'sT. S Hastings 
(Waaonansj, E Kennedy (WataortansMS 
Fisken {Boroughmuir); D Wyllie 
(Stewarfs-MaMtei, J Scott (Stowarts- 
MetvWe); A Brewster (Stewart's-MehiffeL 
K Rttw (Hanoi's). I 

Prk» (Boroughrai*). J Htehanteoo (E«n- 
burgh Academicals). J Gaidar (SwrartV 
Me&rfle). F Calder (StewarTs-MeMfe). K 
Rafferty (Hartal's). • 

Referee: DLesae (Manchester). 

Anglo cheer from Scots 

By Nicholas Keith 

Anglo-Scots......... ....... 11 

Glasgow... ....... — 10 

It is reassuring for an English- 
man to know that, with the 
international trials less than a 
week away, Scotland seem as 
liille prepared as anyone for the 
five nations' championship. 

Man Duncan was the only 
player to have a chance of 
winning a cap and he came off at 
half-time as a precaution with a 
hamstring injury. 

There was a distinct Cam- 
bridge feeling about the Anglos' 
back row, where the reliable 
Macklin was impressive. 

The first half was dominated 
by Glasgow, who might have 
lied up the match it Calum 
MacGregor had not missed 
three penalties, a dropped goal 
and a conversion- They had to 
be satisfied with a try by 
Livingston, the hooker. 

A penalty by Kemp early in 
the second half gave Glasgow a 
seven-point lead- The Anglos 
replied rapidly with a try by 
Beazley from a pass by Macklin. 
In a late Quny Russell levelled 

the scores with 10 minutes left, 
then missed another easy pen- 
alty two minutes later and saw 
MacGregor give Glasgow the 
lead with a dropped goal in the 
penultimate minute. 

From the kick-off Oxford’s 
flanker. MacDonald, a replace- 
ment for Morrison, seized the 
ball and kept going untackled 
down the left for a match- 
winning try, 

Scorers: Angte-Scatt: Trias: Beazley, 
MacDonald- Penalty: Russel Glasgow: 
Try; Livingstone. Dropped goal: 


Beazley (Edttbwgh Wanderers). D 
(Gostarth). R McLean (GfoueesL .. 
Paterson-Brown (LontJon-ScotBstsl: T 
Russel (Wasps). A Cushing (London 
Scottish); D Sole (Bath). I KkK J Retd. I 
Morrison (Londcn-Scottesh, rep C P 
MacD ona ld, Oxford University). J Camp- 
bett-Laotccton (London-ScottWi). D Cro- 
nin (Bath). R Wainwifght (Cambridge 
UiwwsSyC J Macfcfio (Londoo-ScottefST 
GLASGOW: R Kemp (KBmamock); M 
Duncan (West of Scofland, rep Q 
MacOegor. Glasgow Academicals). D 
McKee (Jordartm A Kbit (Glasgow 
Academicals, rap R Bedford, Jordan!*). 
P Hanning (Ayr): C MacGregor 

the Barbarians tried to keep 
the restart in play, Rcdfetn's 
boot forced Thorburn to con- 
cede a lineout on his own line 
and there was Richards, 
stretching for the ball and 
twisting over the line for his 

cut to 
the quick 

By Bryan Stiles 

Gloucester 15 

Newport 29 

Newport completed their 
fourth double in successive 
games bringing Gloucester’s 
current revival to a painful end 
on Saturday. 

The Welshmen’s application 
was a joy to watch as they took 
the heart out of the Gloucester 
defence with clinical efficiency 
in the first half hour. Gloucester 
managed to to narrow the gap 
before succumbing by three 
goals, two tries and a penalty to 
two goals and a penalty. 

McWilliams opened the New- 
port account with a neat try after 
a flowing three-quarter move- 
ment. George added another 
after a simple back row manoeu- 
vre with Kendall, and 
McWilliams rounded off the 
opening session with a try. 

Turner's conversions . gave 
Newport a 22-point lead and 
they relaxed, but paid a price. 
With Guest their main provider, 
Gloucester besieged the New- 
port line for the last 10 minutes 
of the firet half sending Guest 
over from a tapped penalty. 

Gloucester came out for a 
second half still all fired up and 
Breeze scored a try in the corner, 
again from a tapped penalty 
with Marment converting both. 
They dosed the gap to 10 points 
but Newport thwarted any fur- 
ther revival by keeping the ball 
tight. Instead of feeding his 
backs, Coombs, the scrum half 
was ordered to play the ball bads 
to his pack. He rarely deviated 
from his course, relenting once 
to set off on a run which 
presented McWilliams with his 
third try. 

Newport remained comfort- 
ably in control as Marment and 
Turner swapped penalties 
SCORERS; Gtoocastan Tries: Guest 
Breeze. Oonverainns: Marment ffl. Pen- 
alties: Marment. Newport: Tries: 
MCWHams (31 Turner, George. Cnreer- 
stans: T urner ( 3). Pan te tiaa: Turner. 
GLOUCESTER: M Marment; J Breeze. C 
Dyke, R Morgan, N Price; M Hamlin. R 
WKams; P Jones, K Dunn. R Pascal, J 
asm, C Guest J Etheridge. I SmHh, M 

NEWPORT: J Cafsrd; F McWHfams, C 
Manley, J Howells. J WMe; P Turner, T 
Coombs; J Rawlins, M Watkins. A . 
wauams. G George. J Wkafiocombt D 
Waters. R Powell, w Rental. 

Referee; G Davies (Uverpao/}. 

15th dub try of the season. 

Again from the restart Wells 
just missed a midfidd pass 
and Matthews burst away 
powerfully before sending Bu- 
chanan to the line. That pace 
could hardly be sustained but 
the Leicester line was lucky to 
survive until injury-time, do- 
ing so thanks to try-saving 
tackles by Bates and Wells. 

Hare, who maintained a 100 
per cent goal-kicking record, 
pushed over a long penalty but 
Andrew, giving his centres as 
much time as he could, de- 
cided on a dummy from a 
maul and stepped past two 
defenders for a smartly-taken 

Leicester’s 15-12 half-time 
advantage looked unlikely to 
be enough but they conceded a 
try in the first three minutes of 
the second half when Evans 
was off the field for treatment 
to an Achilles tendon injury. 
Thorburn gave Harrison space 
to scoot down the touchline 
for the score which gave the 
Barbarians a lead they were 
not to lose. 

But Leicester remained full 
of running. Evans, Wells, 
Bates and Roberts carried 
them from their own in-goal 
area 80 metres downfield and 
it is a tribute to the 
Barbarians' defence that they 
were held. Wells stormed off 
from a tapped penalty but 
again the support was not 
sufficiently co-ordinated to 
take maximum advantage. No 
matter, it had been a marvel- 
lous contest 

SCOHBgfc L itcoH r Tti— : Hare. Rich- 
ante. C n—wic wa! Hare 0. Panamas: 
Hare (2) Barbarian*: Trie* Buchanan, 
Andrew, Harrison. Conversions: 
Thorbum C2). Penalties: Thoitiun (2). 
LEICESTER: W Hare: B Evans. I Bams, T 
Buttmora, R Underwood; L Cusworth 
(captain), N Youngs: S Rodfern. H 
Roberts, W Richardson, J Wails. M 
Foullws-Amold. T Snath, R TaOtWU. □ 

BARBARIANS: P Ttatuni (Neath and 
Watesk M THtey (Swansea and Wales), D 
Chanel (Toutouse and France). W Caiftag 
(Durham Unfcreratty), M Harrison (WSfce- 

(Durham UnNwstty), 
Md and England): H 
England). R Jones (S 

Rangers and Ireland), D FB*- 
usdowne and bBtand). P Mat- 
Fanderers and Ireland). P May 
V Andaraan (Dimamon and 


The second half was 10 times 
better than the first ai Roe- 
hampion on Saturday. Rosslyn 
Park, 6-12 down with a quarter 
of an hour to go, scraped past 
Bedford to win their John 
Smith's merit table B match by 
two goals and a dropped goal to 
a goal and two penalty goals. 

Both these dubs nave exas- 
perated their supporters this 
season by losing games they 
could have won. Both played 
rather as if they could not forget 
it, and numerous team changes 
probably highlighted the fact. 

Co-ordination was lacking. 

The big Bedford forwards, 
with Orwin and Davidson in the 
van, sent back a stream of 
possession from line-out and 
rack. Their three quarters only 
fiddled with It. Park on the other 
band knew that their own main 
s tren g t h lay behind the scrum, 
but on too many occasions they 
kicked or made the wrong 

Someone bad brought along a 
donkey (1 saw it being led into 
the members* bar) and it seemed 
a donkey’s age before anything 
much happened on the field. But 
suddenly Carr motored across 
from right wing to left to score 
Park's first try after determined 
combination between Turner, 
Anderson and Graves, the for- 
mer Bedford player. Graves 
converted from for out. 

In the second half Bedford 
drew level when Carr fumbled a 
high ball, which was hacked 
through to the posts for a try by 
Canning, converted by Finnic, 
who also kicked two dose-range 
penalties. Graves scored and 
converted Park's second try, 
running through a duster of 
defenders to touch down in the | 
corner, and Tubb won the I 
match with a 30-metre dropped 
goal from broken play five 
mini in»s before the end. 

S COBEH& Rosslyn Parte Tries: Cur. 
Graves. Conversions: Graves (2). 
Dropped goat Tufcb. Bedford: Try: Can- 
ning. Coov erata n: Fme. P eiwMe s : 

ROsIlY^I PARK: A Hobbs; C Carr. N 
Anderson, J Ager. J Graves: S Tubb, J 
Turner; R Mapsbne. 0 Barnett. M Renm. 
R MontnjnwyTs Fotids. N Edwards. T 

A HtznerafeLPBtem. K 
Canning, A Tupman; A Rnrw. I Peck; M 
WlutcORfte. M Howe, G Bygraves. O 
Mtoed, J On**);, J Davidson. S anrengtem 

Referee: R QuJttBfiton (London). 

Cardiff s uninspiring trifle 

By Gerald Davies 

Cardiff 9 

Bridgend 9 

Cardiff who had lost to 
Pontypridd the previous day 
and with it their unbeaten home 
record this season, might have 
been thought to be in no mood 
to be trifled with In such a way 
the second time. 

But they are beginning to look 
more and more as if they are a 
ream to be trifled with and but 
for Norster and Scott, both of 
whom greatly benefited from 
the accurate throwing in of 
Phillips at the lineout, in the* 
second half particularly, they 
could quite easily have gone the 
way they did oo Boxing Day. 
Geraint John kicked three pen- 
alties in answer to Bridgend's 
goal and a penalty. 

The hovdog fiend, my son, 
went in search of his customary 
mid-afternoon snack, foiled, re- 
turned, and vented his dis- 
appointment on the referee. 

wondering, in a whisper 1 may 
add, why he Mew up so often 
and stopped the play. 

This is jnot a particularly 
encouraging development in 
one so young, but, it so ap- 
peared, there were others round 
about who had similar observa- 
tions to make, more letchily and 
loudly. Still, neither the players 
nor the referee can be expected 
to be always at their best and the 
match turned out to be as 
uninspiring as the scoreline 

John had kicked a penalty to 
put Cardiff into the lead after a 
minute. Blit, with a wind from 
across the Taff in their favour, 
Bridgend had the most of the- 
rest of the half. They had quite a 
few exciting combined move- 
ments, and from one such Lewis 
went over only to be recalled for 
an infringement. . Not to be 
denied, from the following- 
scrum, Gareth Williams picked 
up, turned to go one way and fed 
Griffiths going the other. The 
scrum half twisted and wriggled 
his way over ihe line for the try. 
Jones converted from dose to 

Fylde lucky winners 

By Michael Stevenson 

Fylde I .22 

Sheffield — — 17 

Fylde, facing 14 men deep in 
injury time at AnsdeL, were still 
trailing by a single point, when 
their excellent young wing, Pres- 
ton, ran infield, chipped deftly 
and his speed won the race and 
the match to leave Sheffield 
unlucky losers. 

Halfway through the second 
half the Sheffield hooker, 
Adcock, was sent off for stamp- 
ing; thereafter Sheffield's de- 
fence were positively heroic, 
and, allied to some tactical 
ineptitude by Fylde. h looked to 
have earned victory. 

Fylde. scoring two goals, a try 
and two penalties to a goal, two 
tries and a penalty, were handi- 
capped by the continued ab- 
sence of Bain bridge, their 
England and Lions lock. 

It was 13-7 at half-time. 
David Holmes opened Shef- 
field’s scoring with a typical 
blindside try but immediately 
H ana van and Simon Holmes 
pul Paul Dooley im soon after- 
wards a searing break by the 
talented fly half Bumage created 

Ha na van’s 27th try of the 
season, before Buraage for Fylde 
and Goodliffe exchanged 

With the wind behind them, 
Fylde changed their tactics, 
hugely because Burnage seemed 
to lose faith in his excellent 
backs and rifled kick after kick, 
good, bad and indifferent, down 
the diagonal breease. 

Sheffield, keen on counter- 
attack, began to dominate. 
Buraage missed touch, Good- 
lifle opened out and the strong- 
running Grieve was in for a try. 
followed almost immediately by 
a powerful burst from Pierce 
and a try by Adcock, which 
Goodliffe converted. Buraage 
pulled back with a penalty and 
Preston's Houdini act and 
Bumage’s conversion encour- 
aged Fylde to breathe again. 
SCORERS: FyWcE Trte* P Dooley, 
Hanavan. Preston. Coovarrioi iK Bumegg 
0. mrnssm Burrcaga. SMSeH: THesO 
tomes. Griavi, Adcock. Co— man : 

FYLDE: S ... . ... 

Hanaren, I Aspmai, b Tanner. M Presun: 
S Bumaoe. M Weir R Moffltt, M Dtxor, P 
Fautaw, P Dooiw. W Dooley. D Young, S 
Hoimfis. NEtfawy. 

SHEFFIELD: R GoodBffK P WoodbrUga, 
D Fairckxrti, S Grieve, P ReertTw 
Retctiwatd, □ Holmes; A Broomhead, C 
Adcock, D Sherlock. D Kay. A MezuBa. D 
Watson. N Gnappar, M Pierce. 

Rafaroe: D J Hudson (Manchester). 

the touchline and, soon after, 
added a penalty. 

The visitors were beginning to 
move quite nicely. We might yet 
get to see whether John Dev- 
ereux, whose first major match 
this was after his spate of recent 
injuries, can make a claim for a 
place in the Welsh team against 
Ireland in three weeks’ time. 
The two selectors present, Tony 
Gray and R H Williams, wifi 
have learned little. 

Nothing else of much note 
happened in the second balC so 
untypical of the excitement 
usually generated in m atc h es 
between these two clubs. 
Geraint John simply took his 
chances to kick two penalties to 
make a draw of it. 

SCOR E RS CmiSftP wm M wr G John (3). . 
Bridgend: Try. M L Griffiths. C w wn lc n. 1 
A Jonas. PcwSy: A Jonas. 

CARDIFF* M Payer; GCorde.RCardus, 
A Donovan. A Hadtty: Q John, G 
W teh aft S Btackxnora. A PIMps, C 
Cofins. G Robons. T Charles. R Norster, 

O Golding, J ScotL 

BRIDGEND: C Bradshaw; G WebOe. J 
Devereux. A Jones. P Darts; A WUams, 

M L Griffiths; M Griffiths. L PhHps. P 
Edvranfe. J Morgan, A Owen. M Lewie, M 
Budd, G Wttanra. 

Referee: J Groves. 

Richmond lose 
but show 

David Loveridge, the former 
New Zealand scrum half scored 
a late try to give Harlequins an 
11-10 win over Richmond on 
Saturday, a result which in- 
dicates a commendable 
improvement in Richmond's 
form (David Hands writes). 

Richmond will have regretted 
the loss of a 10-4 half-time 
advantage, helped by a try from 
Pennock. Northampton, too, 
were in the lead at the interval at 
Franklins Gardens against Bath, 
thanks to a penalty by MynanL 
But Bath snatched the result 
when Cue converted the latest of 
tries by Lee for a 12-10 win. 

The memory of a 50-point 
defeat at Llanelli is stiD fresh 
enough in Bristol memories for 
them to savour wins at Stradey 
Park. They scored five tries, four 
converted by Webb, against a 
Llanelli almost completely 
changed from the previous day 
• Harrogate beat Renndtay 7-6 
away and, more surprisingly, 
Wakefield triumphed at 
KirkstaU, beating Hcadingfey 
18-10, while Northern clawed 
their way to victory at Morpeth 
by 7-6. 


(BoroughmuSj. G Mooteos (Avrt; G 
IfeGuimHss (West of ScoHandLOUMag- 
stone (West of Scottanrt). B Robertson 

(Kifenamock). J Beanie (Glasgow 


Middlesex the victors 

By Gordon Allen 

Eastern Counties 0 

Middlesex.. — --8 

Middlesex beat Eastern Coun- 
ties by two tries to none in their 
schoolboys 18 Group match at 
the Ilford Wanderers ground 

As usual with schoolboy 
rugby, it was perpetual motion 
from the first whistle to the last 

Tsagane scored the first try 
midway through the first half 
after McLeod had come into the 
line from full back. It was due 
reward for intense Middlesex 
pressure. Eastern Counties gave 
nothing else away until the last 

minute of the match when 
Tsagane put Oyesiku over in the 

croft); R Web s te r (Greshams). D Dooley 
(Campion). D D emure (Campion). A 

pion). N 

(Framltngham). A P 
Petnra (Brentwood). 

MIDDLESEX: I McLeod (St PziH fk R 
Tsagane (WBfiam Etta), N Gate* (Hah- 
srdasfttfs), 5 Uoytt iHabwtasfiera}, o 
Kemp (Hampton); T Gummer 
(Gunnerfiburyj. W H inuring* 
(Gwdonstoun); b Rokiaan (Haberdash- 
ers). O Blanks (Hampton), N Potter (Si 
Paul's). M Griffiths (Latymer Upper). A 
Snoot (Hamm), J Munm-OConoor fit 
Benedict's). J Maratatfl (Hayoon), A 

Qyeofltu (UCS). 

Referee: G Dawd (Eastern Cwnttes), 

Rosslyn Parte IS Bedford 12 


gEEF"" 'anSSSSS 'l 

“ iiS ; 

Wtr 15 Newport 29 

HemUngley 10 WrtmBaM IS 

18 Barbarians 22 
LtanaDi S Bristol 28 

Mini i n 11 27 A b anwon IP 

Mkkflaa&rougb 9 Gostorth 23 

Moaatay 20 Eh&wVato « 

Neath 46 P««rth 12 

N o rt ha mpton 10 Bath 12 

Nottingham 2S Rutay 0 

faiasiun 32 Oxwd W 

Richmond 10 Hadegons 11 

JlSSSSm is 

S5S““ JESS'“J 

Wkhws 4 Qrrefl 16 

WtoaskM 11 Sale 29 


sr- s 

GIRO BANK LEAGUE: North West 01- 
«Mon 1: Whral 26, Southport 0. North 
WeslDfvafcifl 2: Chaster 37, Heaton **»■ 
10. North DMaton 1: Windermere 13, 
Cockermouth 10. VaatOMon^man 
6. Si Mary's 3: Vulcan 5, Riatan Part 9. 

East DMskn 1: Ecdea 6, Kereal 0. 

ERN RETUr TABLE: Havant 19, Satebury 

LEAGUE: Cofcha8»r 26. Ipswich YMGA 
12? Ipswich 7. Sudbury 4. 


Patofsfiakl 33. 

MERIT TABLE: Tabard 52, Stevenage 0. 
10, O Bsocehsmlans 20; Sevenoaoi — 
Donor D; Tunbridge Wefis 3a Ashford a 
Vigo 4, 0 GravQfiorvSnns 3. 

TABLE: Sudbury Court S. O W ngsttortans 


TWflnlam ia O HamptontansO. 

BASS MERIT TABLE: Wfcstem-eupor- 
mare 4. BrtxnamfL 

Trvanon 22. 

22. St Austal 6; St bes 10. Penance- 
Nortyn 9; Newquay 20, Faknouth 3. . 

NORTHERN: CUb matches: Bereriey 4, 
Driffield & Goole 7, CastWord 19: 
Grimsby 13, knars 4: Huff and East 
Rkflng 15. 0U Hymenaos 10: Kaighlw 1], 
Doncaster 8; Matton 9, Scarborough 26; 
Mansfield 24, Chesterfield ftMaffodt 22, 

NSISOn If. UH TWO® i.irenotina 
Salle 0. Old Batons 16; Huddersfield 3. 
Money 11: Kendal 18. Furness 0; Lefgh 9. 

Estonians 14; Manchester 12. Dauanport 
12; Morpeth 6, Northern 7: Old Akhnmans 
fl. Eagle 10: CM Ansekmans 11. Caldy 13; 
OUoy 42. Bradford and Bfngiey ft Roch- 
dale 9, Crossteyaw 16; RosaencM* 2?. 
Moore 4; Vkdcers 0, Egramont a 


matches: Alton 20, MWrook TO; Astoans 
18, Danfordans 6: Bancroft 3, Woodftxd 
2ft Barnet 24. Harlow 4; BasHm 3, 
Campion OB 12; BeaconsfleW ft Twick- 
enham 18: Bedford apuboc 45. Olney ft 
Biggitawaae 9. O ueruammns a 
Barn's Stanford 15. Upper Clapton ft 
Bournemouth Lions 2ft Swanage and 
wareham 14; Brentwood tft Thwreck 15: 
Camberiey 33, Chmnor ft Cranteigh 9, 
BognorlS: Esustboumo B. O Brightontens 
2ft EMngh8m 7. ureverady Vandals 23; 
Fuffenans 10, Wasps VbKWs 11: 
GukUord and Godaiming ft Esner 4; 
Harpendmi ift Betemay 14; Hemei 
Herrbstead 3, Luton 12; Horsham 7, 
ChoHStBr tt JoWi Fislw 0B 33. Sutton 
and Epsom H ft Leighton Buzzard 16, 
Stockwood Part ft Mafosttna 44. O 
JwWtens ift Martw 1ft Henley ift 
msetasm 37. O Cnwcfonfam ft Nanricfi 
21. Lowestoft and Yarmouth ft O Alba- 
nians 20, Hendon ft O Arteyrtans 23, 
Kjarttigham 3; O Bfoes 27, Merton 14^0 
buisicnans 7, O Braddstens 4; 0 

Emanuel 4, O Geytonians 15: O Griffin 
SjyteraoMan Pofco No 3 OMMtt 
OMT20.oiSona agheis4;OP teing86. 
Beckenham ft o Readorta nsJW ftO 
SuTOtonwns 17; O BeroBans 27. Lewes 
ft RiSdto 24. tfcgh Wycombe 
RuUshians ift Sutton and Edsoiik w 

aaaanf fgg ir; 

ft Gordon League 1ft Park House 22. 
Bromley ftSWlay wanderers S. 
oSpsfi*d 3:SoSwSl Priors 42. Chariton 
Pam ft Than« tjtandwers 17. Grawreemt 
9; Tiring 6. OM ESzabaBwns (Bamep ift 
Trojans 6. EastWgh 14. 

WESTERN: Qob Matches: PlwnoUtti 25, 
Chakmen's XV ift Torquay 13. Dawn 
and ComwM Po*ce ft Awn and Somer- 
set Rosea 18. Brtdgewater ft Extear 12. 
Bamstapie 3; YaoS 24, Tetamtouth 9. 
std mouth 3. Taunton 12: Tomes 3ft 
Mngsbridge n. 


L'poolSt H 
Rosslyn Pk 
L Welsh 

L Irish 

Tenacious abilities 

reward Beashel 
and Conner richly 

> a V seen so for in the 

ft W America's Cup 
■ r — that was the 
V general progno- 

sis in Fremantle 
yesferday after 
record crowds braved the 
choppy waters off Gage Roads 
to watch two exciting duels 
between Australia IV and 
Kookaburra HI, and Stars and 
Stripes and USA n — two 
dosely -fought battles that re- 
mained in doubt right up to thg 


While New Zealand TV, skip- 
pered by Chris Dickson, contin- 
ued her winning ways by beating 
French Kiss by 2min 46sec in 
the first of their best-of-seven 
semi-final dashes, and Kooka- 
burra n led throughout m her 

race against her Australian rivaL 
Steak'n'Kidney, Dennis 
Conner, the skipper of Stars and 
Stripes, and Alan Bond's helms- 
man, Cohn Beashel, both gained 
rich rewards for their tenacity. 

In the Conner-Torn Blackafier 
match, billed here as the grudge 
battle, nerther Californian could 
afford to lose personally. USA 
lost the stan by four seconds but 
soon gained contra! of the race 
in the 15-knot winds, rounding 
the weather mark two boat- 
lengths ahead of Stars and 

On the following run, the 
twin-ruddered San Franciscan 
12-metre drew a further seven 
seconds ahead, an advance that 
encouraged her silver-haired 
skipper to wave a cheeky good- 
bye to his rival as the crew 
hurriedly doused their spinna- 
ker for the following beaL The 
gesture was desperately pro- 
mature, and the gods conspired 
a geing him , increasing the 
winds to suit his opponent. 

As the anemometer needle 
rose from 15 to 18 knots, so 
Stars and Stripes edged closer, 
reducing the margins from 19 
seconds down to IS, then 12, 
before rounding the final lee- 
ward mark a mere 1 1 seconds 
adrift. Forced into malting a 
gybe take-down, Blackallcr’s 
crew were late to douse their 
spinnaker at the final mark, and 
even the skipper was forced to 
lend a hand to haul it out of the 

This was just the opening 
Conner and his crew had wailed 
so patiently to exploit, and after 
putting in a series of testing 
lacks, Blackafier mis- limed his 
coven allowing Conner to climb 
out from under USA’s wind 
shadow in the last quarter-ofa- 
mile and take the winning gun 
by 10 seconds. 

Kevin Parry’s game-plan to 
stage-manage the races between 
his two Kookaburra yachts and 
lift the Peter Gilmour-skippered 
trial-horse over Australia IV 
amf ensure an all-Kookaburra 
defence final, suffered a serious 
setback yesterday when his top 
boat. Kookaburra m. snagged a 
sheet during a fearsome tacking 
duel against Alan Bond’s flag 

From Barry Pkkthall, Fremantle 
The best racing carrier, Australia IV, after lead- 
seen so far in the ing throughout the race. 
America's Cup Bond’s Elen Lexcen design. 
— that was the now sporting a new keel fined 
general progno- with hollow stainless steel nar- 
sss in Fremantle row-chord wings, which provide 
yesterday after greater (ift than the bulky (ead- 
1s braved the cast foils fined on other boats, 
off Gage Roads gained a rewarding 12-second 
> exciting duels win, which moves Australia IV 
itralia IV and into an overall points lead in the 
I, and Stars and defence trials for the first time. 

SATURDAY: KookUurra H bt Kookaburra 
IK. 12sac; Australia IV M Steak'nTGdnoy. 

SUNDAY: Australa IV ta Kookaburra IU. 
12: Kookatwra n M Steak’n'Kidney. 41. 


Woo Lost Pts 

AustraBalv 24 B 5S 

Kookaburra ID 28 6 53 

KookaburaD IB 13 46 

Steak'n'Kidney 3 29 12 

NOTE- Six points are awarded lor each 
setU-Hnaiwtn. Outing earifar series points 
MS re afocatert thus -test sanies, one 
point par m*k second series, two points; 
third senss. throe points. Three points 
aero also awarded tor byes knowing the 

ha*e not been added to wins column and 
thorn w& be no further byes. Leading two 
after semi-teats compete n best-of-nme 
defender finals bom January UtoSS. The 
final America's Cup temaengo. a series of 
best-of-seven tacos, wabegto on January 

SUNDAY: Louis Vtattoo cttefleMa cup: 
New Zealand bt French Kiss. 2mCt46sac 
(protest dismissed): Stars and Stnpes bt 
USA. 1X10. 


Austraka iv v Kookaburra ll. Kookaburra 

111 v Steak'n'Kidney. 

(Louis Vuttton CtraBenge Cupk USA « 
Stars and Stnpes, New Zealand v French 

This result may yet be pre- 
mature, for last night these two 

S iroiagomsts lodged a record 
bur protests between them with 
the international jury. That 
number was almost equalled by 
the three incidents that allegedly 
occurred in the match between 
Kookaburra n and Syd Fis- 
cher's re-vamped Steak- 

The much-heralded protest by 
Marc Pajot and his crew aboard 
French Kiss against the methods 
used to check the density of New 
Zealand’s plastic hull gained 
little respect from the jury who 
threw out the charge against 
Lloyds and the organising yacht 
dub, Costa Smeralda, after a 
two-hour hearing. 

The Kiss crew, who signalled, 
their legal challenge against the 
New Zealand boat on Friday, 
were equally aggressive on the 
race course, harrassing Chris 
Dickson throughout tire 10 
minute count-down before the 
start, then instigating 23 muscle- 
tiring tacks and several feints 
during the first mile up the 

Like their protest, tire French 
effort was all to no avail. The 
New Zealanders matched every 
move to perfection before pull- 
ing ahead to round the weather 
mark with a minute in hand, 
then increase this to a morale- 
sapping margin at the finish. 

Condor set for victory 

Condor of Bermuda, the Brit- 
ish-built Maxi, skippered by 
Bob Bell, looked set to take line 
honours in the annual 630-mile 
Sydney-to-Hobart race yes- 
terday (Barry Picklhali writes). 
Bell and his crew were within 
160 miles of the Tasmanian 
capital, holding a 10-mile lead 
over the second-placed Wind- 
ward Passage, with the two 
former Whitbread round-the- 
world entries. Enterprise and 
Privateer, trailing a further 20 
miles astern. 

Condor was expected to pose 
a strong challenge for handicap 

honours too. This would be the 
first time that a yacht has won 
die double for six years, but Bob 
Bell's principal goal of smashing 
Kialoa Ill's nine-year-old pas- 
sage record for the race must 
now wait for another year. 

The southerly “buster" that 
swept across the fleet on Sat- 
urday forcing 15 yachts to retire, 
including Sovereign, the pace- 
setting Australian 83-footer, 
slowed progress considerably, 
and light headwinds sealed the 
American yacht's record of 2 
days 14 hours for another 
season alleast. 


United lift title thanks 
to Bontrager off-day 

By Nicholas Harling 

A missed free throw by Steve 
Bontrager, of all people, cost 
Polyceu Kingston the chance of 
monopolizing all the domestic 
honours in England this season. 

When most people in the 
packed Stretford Sports Centre 
would have bet on Bontrager 
levelling the scores against 
Sharp Manchester United 38 
seconds from the end of the final 
of die Tournament of Cham- 
pions on Saturday, Kingston’s 
normally reliable American 
guard failwl them and his chib 
?or almost the first time. 

“If you’d had to write a script, 
that just wouldn't have been in 
it,” said Kevin CadJe, the Kings- 
ton coach, after his team's 92-90 
defeat. “Steve Bontrager just 
never misses free throws.” 

Unbeaten after 13 games in 
the Carisbeig National League, 
and winners of the Prudential 
National Cup for the third 
successive season earlier this 
month, Kingston must have 
thought they had done the hard 
work in the semi-final by dispos- 
ing of Murray International 
Metals Livingstone, the team 
for whom winning in Scotland is 
even more of a formality than it 
is for Kingston in the South. 

Kingston had already beaten 
United in the Cup and League, 
but at the third time of asking. 
United came good with die 
formidable assistance of their 
American centre. Derrick Phil- 
lips, whose contribution rightly 

earned him the most valuable 
. player of the match award. 

The 26-year-old American 
from Missouri, who for once 
used his 6ft I Din frame to frill 
effect, also limited Davis to 
eight points, although the latter 
was not helped by incurring a 
technical foul for dissent 
aftereighi minutes, which forced 
Cadle to keep him on the bench 
out of further trouble for the rest 
of the first half 

It was during his crucial 
absence that United, with Will 
Brown also showing a welcome 
return to form after breaking his 
jaw, transformed the first half, 
turning a 12-7 deficit into a 33- 
19 advantage. 

When Kingston regained the 
lead just before half-time and 
brought Davis back for the 
second half, United had the 
resources to cope, and a young- 
ster, in Fogarty, with enough 
aggression to justify his flight 
out today to join the England 
squad for the first time in 
Finlan d. 

Another England newcomer, 
Ken Scott, maintained King- 
ston's interest in_ the game with a 
nine-point scoring surge at a 
time when Clark, Davis and 
McNish were all relatively sub- 
dued. Seven times the lead 
changed hands in the second 
half but it was only when 
Bontrager made his feral lapse 
that United sensed victory was 


p w 





















2 146143 





















99 42.86 
































48 110 









Makeshift US 
squad shock 

Calgary (Reuter) — a hastiiy- 
assembled United States squad, 
comprising players loaned from 
National Hockey League minor 
league twnns, shocked Canada 
5-3 in the opening game of the 
Calgary Cup tournament on 
Saturday night. 

The Canadians, who won a 
silver medal at the Izvestia 
tournament in Moscow last 
weekend, outshot the Ameri- 
cans 41-29 but could not get the 
better of the United States 
goallender. Marc Behrend. > 

Kick off 7 GO unless stated 


Second division 
Birmingham v MRwall 
Portsmth v Shrewsbury 
OM ACCEPTANCE CUP: Swond round: 

Bath w Weymouth. 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: Second dhrisioa 
(7-0): Bolton v Saks; Fort Vale v York. 
FA TROPHY; Fiffit rowd replay: Mosstey 
v Kkktenninster (7.30). 


CLUB MATCH: Fontjipool vTr#tagar(7-D) 


SQUASH RACKETS: Watthamstow Brief- 
ing Society Owmaught junior open tour- 
nanwx (ar Cormaugtt Ctoty,- Vteiwyn 
Garden wy junior open tournament 
(Herts SC). 

TENNIS: Juruor cowed court champton- 
sffips (at Queen's Club. West Kensington^ 

S??S 1 




Aconitum set 
to increase 
Sherwood tally 


Stearsby heads tor 

By Mandarin 

Oliver Sherwood's horses handicap at Wethertjy 

- are running well now follow- 
' ing a period when the stable 
; was substantially below par, 

and Acottctmn is napped to 
contimie the revival in di- 
. vision one of the Auld Lang 

- Syne Novices’ Hurdle at Strat- 
ford today. 

' ■ Aconitum, a good han di- 
capper at around one mile on 

- the Flat when trained by 
' Janies Bethell, indicated that 

his first success over hurdles 
. would not be long delayed 

- when finishing third to Span- 
ish Reel, who has run well 

' since, at Wolverhampton on 

his debut 

That was at a time when 
Sherwood's horses were gen- 
erally out of sorts and it is 
. reasonable to assume that 

- Aconitum win improve fear 
.. that first outing. 

New Forest Lad is consis- 
tent but has looked rather one 
paced That will be a consid- 
erable drawback on this tight 
course and a bigger danger 
' may be Penllyne’s Pride, al- 
though he may find the con- 

■ cession of 71b to Aconitum 
beyond him. 

Rogairio goes from strength 
to strength and he should win 
his fourth consecutive race in 
; the J H Rowe Challenge 
Trophy (Handicap Chase). He 
was a three-length winner 

• from the subsequent Welsh 

■ National runner-up Macoliver 

■ at Warwick last time and on 
that run holds one of today’s 
principal opponents. River 

Secret Walk makes a swift 
reappearance after finishing 

• second to the much-improved 
' Withy Bank in a competitive 



Friday and he loo Is the 
answer to the Pheasant Handi- 
cap Hurdle at Newcastle. He 
won four races last season, 
including one over the course 
and distance, and looks to be 
approaching his peak. 

The top weight 
Brother, despite some 
ently uninspiring form 
this season, has not 
running badly and could 
prove a significant danger. 

Gordon Richards and his 
stable jockey Phil Tuck re- 
main in good form and they 
may have the winner of the 
Game Bird Handicap Chase 
in Primrose Wood. She has 
been in good form this season, 
winning twice, and can be 
forgiven unseating her rider 
last time as she was hampered 
by a loose horse. 

Carousel Rocket has run 
well in each of his three starts 
this season and can gain a 
deserved second success in 
division one of the Partridge 
Novices' Hurdle, which looks 
a virtual match with Hurri- 
cane Henry. 

He beat Nos Na Gaoithe, a 
winner on Saturday, at 
Wetherby earlier this month 
then ran a fine race in defeat 
when, conceding Sib, he was 
second to Alarm Call at 

Hot Handed, twice a course 
and distance winner, appeals 
as the best bet at FontweQ 
Park in the Chichester Handi- 
cap Hurdle. She quickened 
well from the last flight to beat 
The Diplomat there last 
month, and although beaten 
since sire seems to reserve her 
best for the Sussex trade. 

Sandown en route 
to title challenge 

Stearsby. Jenny 

By Michael Seely 

Ktman's *i*ve been stood down for t he 

improve WdshNationai win- ^aton^d&roofth? 
ner, will now attempt to emulate «>n **p ve ^ ^ some 

Burrougii Hill .La^ ^jgGeorg. ^ 

pleied the double of the 
Chepstow marathon and 
Sandown's Anthony Mudmay 
Peter Cazalet Memorial Trophy 
en route to his win. ** 

Gold Cup til 1984. 
Like all of us. Mrs Pitman was 
thrilled and intrigued by Desert 
Orchid's spectacular victory m 
Kem pion's King George VI 
Chase on Boxing Day. “It was a 
very interesting race,” she said. 
“And rm very glad I sent 
Stearsby to Chepstow. 

•* I*ve never seen horses more 

tired than the beaten animals in 
that Kempton race. But I think 

people are being a bit premature 
about the old stagers. After all. 
we first wrote off wayward Lad 

two seasons ago. 


Golden Friend and Dermot Browne jump the last safely on their way to victory at Kempton on Saturday 

Crucial gallop for Dark Raven 

From onr Irish Racing Correspondent, Dublin 

Dark Raven has a make-or- 
break gallop at The Curragh 
today to determine whether he 
will be fit to run in the Champion 

Dermot Weld, Us trainer, 
said: “If it transpires that there 
is any heat ar tenderness in the 
leg, it is my intention to take him 
out of the Champion Hurdle 
immediately. He is for too 
valuable a horse to rat the risk 
of breaking him down at this 
early stage in his career." 

A week ago, the four-year-oM 
rapped his off-foreleg schooling 
over bnnlles. 

Weld said yesterday: “It did 
not appear to be an mjnry of any 
great consequence bat I have 
rested him since it happened and 
am hopefal that he will come 

through an earty-mormng gallop 

Weld’s schedule today win be 
that after Dark Raven gets back 
to his stable he win have him 
hosed down and then return a 
few hoars later to examine the 

Ladbrokes yesterday sus- 
pended ante-post betting on the 
race for which Dark Raven has 
beeo second favourite. 

Dark Raven has yet to be 
beaten over jumps and was 
especially impressive landing 
the GlenliveC Hurdle at Aintree 
in the spring. As yet, however, it 
is difficult to visualize him befog 

op to the standard of See Yon 

Then, winner of the last two 
runnings of the Champion 
H anile. 

When be scored at Naas tins 
season. Dark Raven gave &n» 
and a comfortable 1 % lengths 
beating to Junior Citizen^ 

At Jleopardstown on 
Day, Junior Citizen 
favourite far a novice handicap 
hurdle and could only finish 
sixth to Candy So, hardly 
underlining the merit id Dark 
Raven's victory. 

However, Dark Raven does 
hold scope far farther improve- 
ment as he is only rising five 
Weld showed himself to be 
folly fit when after going light on 
hh C hri s t mas dhuar he did the 
weight on Midsummer Gamble 
in an amatear rider Flat race at 
Leopards town on Saturday and 
brought him home an easy ten- 

suit Very 


12.45 Hello Killiney 
1.15 Brent Riverside 


By Mandarin 

1.45 Autumn Zulu 

2.15 Bara Peg 
2.45 Epryana 

3.15 Hot Handed 

Michael Seely’s selection: 3.15 BEECH ROAD (nap) 

Guide to onr in-line racecard 

103 (12) 0-0432 TMESFORM (CO.BF) (Mrs J RyteyJ B Hall 9-10-0 . 

BWMtra a 7-2 

Racecard number. Draw In brackets. Sot-figure 
form {F-fefl. P -puled up. U-umeatsd rider. B- 

brtKjgftt down. S-sfipjwd up. R-refused). Morsels 

name(B-bflr*are. V-vtsor. H-hootL E-EyeshleM. C- 
course winner. D-d&tance winner. CD-course 

and distance winner. BFbeeien favourite in latest 
race). Owner in brackets. Trainer. Age and 
weight Rider plus any allowance. The Times 
Private Handicapper's rating. Approximate starting 

Going: good to soft 

1245 TORTINGTON SELLING HANDICAP CHASE (£802: 3m 2f 110yd) (9 runners) 

1 O04PO4 IBXO KIDNEY (CD) (PMacSgan)J Jenkins 9-1 1-1 2. 

2 2-PD3B2 SOUTHDOWN SriRTTfR Dow) Mss L Bower 10-11-7. 

5 330P-PP HOPma.SAMT(T King) W King 8-1 0-11 

R Rowel 

6 33PP/PP SERVIUA(MreL Browning) D Brwmtag 10-10-10_ 

8 0FP-30U SWAG JACKET (BEdgetay) Mss L Bower 8-10-7. 

10 PP/3446- HAYSTACK’S FLYER (P Hayward) P Hayward 11-104). 

12 0PP0PF BttlYBW»PS{C Popham)CPopham 8-10-0 

13 1133000 SQUARE-RIGGED (V) (O Hortey) P Bufiar 9-1 IH) — _ 

14 00P/4PP POOR EXCUSE (O Henley) PBullar 11-100 

, JAkatant 
— R Arnett 

08 04 

— 4-1 

— 20-1 
91 6-1 

_ WKnax(4) *99 12-1 
ROaMsMl — 14-1 
— — 20-1 

1985: Meeting abandoned - Frost 

heavy, Dec 16, 10renL£ 

'(11-7)BtTowcw8ter(2m5l. E1305, 
rACtCSFLYHI when last corap tete d the course, (10-0) 4tti beaten 401 to Crowing 
Pwnpton(3m If. £1921, good to firm. Nov 27. 5 ran). 


goto B ^twdnovtae chase, beaten 371 lo Glensicte Jerry (11 


good. Nc 


Nov 28,10 
(104) at 

1.15 BRIGHTON NOVICE HURDLE (3-Y-O: £750: 2m 2f) (15 funnaTS) 

1 12221 P BRENT RIVERSIDE (S Mason) G Baking 11-7 A Chariton (7) 

U004 CRAMWNG (Mrs C Perkins) W Kemp 10-9 SSMstoa 

242 BEX (Ventwe Chemicals) R AketWSt 10-9 H 

0 GREEK SWIFT (B) (C Fldes) P MsWn 106 C 

4 GRUNOnrS OWN (B) (K Ftacher) M E Francis 10-9 P Barton 84 

fTIWAAD (M Burt) R Akshust 10-9 Dele McKeown (7) 0 99 












LUCKY BLAKE (Mm R Monts) P Hedger 10-8 . 

MATOTAM (Mss D Downes) R Curtis 10-9.. 

E Ihaptqr 

OUT YONDER (W WgMman) W KWghtman 106- 
PASSION PLAY (I Page) P Hedger 10-0 . 

C UaweBya (7) 




PfWMDA (Mrs M McGtana) J GtHord 10-8. 


QUARTERFLASH (I Moss) J Sayers 104. 
ROUBAYD (S Cotin) P Haynes 104. 

.U Permit 

WNQ BEE (A Speaks) J Bridgsr 10-0- 

80 8-1 
98 9-2 
— 14-1 
84 7-1 
— 12-1 
— 16-1 
— 20-1 
— 10-1 
— 25-1 
•9 6-1 

PERSIAN BLADE (Mrs C EBott) J Ettott 104. 

Mr L Fogarty (7) 
— MraCEMott 


. Phxnpton (2nt,'£685. soft. I 
., soft Nov 26, 15 ran). GHU 
Dec 18. 17 ran). fTTMAAD 

(2m. s2zaamma^^M i M 


rani. rmKAAD (10-3) 4rn beaten 

. ROUBAVD (10-12) 3rd MM 

. LYD (10-12) 

_ 19. 15 ran). 

Setactoc imHAAD 

4th beaten 1 ii to Cepuiet (1 1-0) at Hereford (2m 

r f 2KI to Ceflfc Chtef(1 1-31 aiWanirtcfc an. £685. goc 
beaten 8 to Nippy CWppy (11-1) at Fakenham (Sri, £685, goc 


.good to soft Dec 

E68S, good to soft, Dec 

. 145 WH1TELAW CHALLENGE CUP HANDICAP CHASE (£3,002: 2m 4f) (5 runners) 

4P44Q3 AUGHRA BOURA (D) (Mrs L Simpson) J Gifford 10-11-7. 

200-211 FRBtCH CAPTAIN (D)(0uttie» 01 Norfolk) Lady Henfss 10-1 1-2 (9ex) Ml 

2114=12 AUTUMN ZULU (Cj))(p Baddy) MBs L Bower 7-10-10 R Rowed 

42-3421 LATM AMBUCAN (IMR (J RHcMe) T Forstor 9-109 Lttanray (4) 

1PP0-3P GflAIGUENAMANAGN Hughes) Mss LBoMr11-f 0-0 — R Arnett 

97 5-2 
92 4-1 
• 98 4-1 
— 8-1 

PORM FRENCH CAPTAIN no-13) won %l from Ctau 
rvrnm Dec 20. 16 ranL AUGHRA BOURA (11-6) 3 
; Plumpton (to 4f, £1973. soft Dec 9. 6 ran). AUTtflttt ZULU 

2m 2f, £2264, soft 




CAPTAIN (10-im at 

from C&wdG Monet (11-1) at 

faatomsro beaten 27| to 

(10-10) 2nd, caught at Bib last fence, beaten 
M i ii ii ii i in in iir Pm I 1 mni BMiif imaei M u ihm 

r^atromKSlSfCAFTMM (10-10) at nSk^meC2m4f.Eim. soft! Nov 24.8(»i}. LATM «mL 

|(1 D-6) won 2)y from Wnfekey Evbs fll-13) at Chettemein (2m, £2918, good, Dec 5, 6 ram. Earitor latw 
AMER fCANn 0-12) 2nd beaten aitoMsitroaeell 0-6) with AUQHRABOIJHA(l2-l)4th beaten 3KI at Ptumpion 
(2m 4f, £21 M, good to soft Nov TO, irmnT firtnimininMnrinnifetofefetofefeMfeto|fe|mm|m^ 
to Downpayment (10-12) at FontweU (2nfe 

S*reclfO«C AUTUMN ZULU ■■ 

. 2f. £833, good to soft Dec £14 

2.15 E B F CONKWELL GRANGE STUD NOVICE HURDLE (£1^82: 2m 2f) (17 runners) 

98 3-1 
— 12-1 
— 20-1 
— 10-1 

14 BARA PEG (BP) (P Greene) R Oakeney 5-11-5 

D ANOTHER FLOSS (Mrs C Nodey] O QrtsseU 5-1 0-12- 

B0URN8MUTH BBXE (P Hedger) P Hedger 6-10-12. 

9 CELTIC VALLEY (Mrs G Abecasaia) 0 Sherwood 4-10-12- 

13 IV ELIZA HAMBR00K(F Na90n)W Kemp 5-10-12 

14 OP4MO- FREDA'S FOLLY (J South) J JanMns 6-10-12 

15 B GRBYPHMRS QUEEN (Ms D Albor) R Curas 4-10-12 

16 03- H AND K HATTRtCK (E lOrttand) D GandoBo 5-10-12 

17 0-03 HBUVA SEASON (Mrs S Stratton) R Frost 4-10-12 

. JndyBMkeMy(7) 


E Murphy 

C Cox 


CUewVyn (7) 

P Barton 

J Frost 

18 ayOPW XASUn(BCh«npjon) Miss SChane»on 5-10-12- 








04-00 OBORNE EXPRESS U Dvnond) H HoWer 6-10-12. 
SARAVANTA (W Ftoker) M Madgwich 4-10-12. 

.M Parries 
P Murphy 

TARAHUMARA (Mrs H Price) J GHtord 4-10-12. 
00 TELLING TALES (PGwyn)R Holder 4-10-12. 

A BB-,| J, I, 



330 TRQLE CHANCE (MBryanQS Woodmen 4-10-12. 
40f2 .TUDOR TUUP (P Broad) S Melor 6-10-12 . 

C Brown 

2F40 Win SAP (T Rlchett) N Lee-Judson 4-10-12 . 

M Harrington 


— - 20-1 

— 14-1 
•99 4-1 

86 6-1 

— 25-1 
— 14-1 

— 20-1 

— 25-1 

— 20-1 
98 6-1 
88 6-1 

over 361 to Apcfl Gem fl 0-11 i 

. ^ j 3rd beaten 23 to Mztma Season (11-33 at Taunton (2m if. 

£524, good tn soft, Nov 26. 14 ran). TREBLE ClIAf&E (10-9) 6th, out the back until ran on aH to late, beamn 201 
to Saint Acton (11-40 at Fofcestone(2m6f. £720, heavy, OecIS, ISranVTUOORTUUPjlO^ 2nd beatwi4lto 
Crusaders Star ( 11-0) at Worcester (2m. £1825, soft. Dec 17. 22 ran). 

Selection. BARA PEG 

£527. soft Mffi-31, 15 rent HELUVA SEASON 
2&1 4 ran) 

Y (10-1) Bl 


245 MADEHURST NOVICE HANDICAP CHASE (£1 ,512: 2m 2 1 10yd) (15 runners) 

3 3FP-104 EPRYANA (CD) (R Barnett) Ms J Ramey 6-11-7 C Brown 92 5-1 

2/00000 FADA(B Broad) J Boaley 6-11-6 M BeeteyW — 12-1 

4U33F1 PRINCE MOON PMw 01 AtholQG Baidhg 6-1 1-2 A Chariton (7) 97F5-2 

000620 HKU6-AND CARDINAL (C Weedon) C Weedor 7-10-13 Atom 90 9-2 

12F00/R HtLLBtLLY (E Tucker) C Pophara 10-10-12 WKn(4 —33-1 

32F420 LUCKY GOLD (PTapBft)MtaeL Bower 9-10-11 R Rowel *99 3-1 

O-FBBRI HAfgJBRBXtE (G Holt) J F B ttfi- H sye s 6-106 RSaktotolD — 25-1 

000-B LLOYDS DARK LADV (Mrs P Ward-Janes) D Grtssel 7-104 MFtotang — 20-1 

00-0900 BYROC BOY (R Mathew^ R Curtis 9-104 C UeweOyn (7) — 25-1 

4RJ464 WORDS. (MraRMmdoch) Ms R Murdoch 8-104 G Moore 9310-1 

16 22044P SCALE THE HaGHTS (P Bucktoy) P Ouggins 7-10-4 N Coleman — 20-1 

18 04/PWFP R0MACMA(J Mooney) JBlott 6-1 0-4 HnCSMt — 33-1 

19 0006P CITY SUCKER (pWMcmjrth)S Malar 5-1 0-4 M Harttagbrn — 25-1 

20 402P-04 PALMBtSFON (M Madgwick) M Madgwlck 7-104 AMarigwtok 89 7-1 

21 30P/FPP PRMCE FEUX (Mm L Browning) DBrorolpg 6-104 JAtahurst — 33-1 








PORM B>RYANA(1 1-6)401 beaten 35HI to MWderUI-3) Bt Pluraplon (2m 4t £1644, soft Nov 26. 14 
"V™ rant FADA (left) 7th beam over S» to Stick Of Rock (10-1® at Huntingdon Bm SI. £1612, 
good to soft, Dec 10, 17 ran) PY ICE MOON (10-TZ) won 31 from Answer To Prayer (10-ig st FoicesttxwjaTi 
4LE948. hwvy. Dec 1 6, 8 ran). MGHLAM) OWDI-tAL latest was carried out carter (1 1-0) 2nd beaten 301 to 
the useful Gay Rascal (1V0) at Tawcester (2m 5f, £1297. good. Nov 29, 9 ran) LUCKY GOLD (10-13) 6th 
beaten over eol to On Wiito Hart (11-0) wlth^ mUfeMTQN(1 l-4)40i beaten over 501 at Pksnpton (2. £171 1, 
soft Dec 9, 15 am). WORDEL (11-4) 4tti beaten M to The Hactandnos (11-8) atLingMd (to 4f, £1485, soft 
Dec 20, 8 rard. 



3.15 E B F CHICHESTER HANDICAP HlfflDLE (£2,557: 2m 2f) (10 rannere) 

Sto-410 HOT HANDB1 (CD) (C Nash) C Nash 5-11-8. 

212-011 WHI7TER GOEST THOU (Mf> EEngBsh) 0 ffingsr 4-11-3- 

012P-ZF WHARHY BURN (BFMMffi G McPerran) I Dudgeon 5-1 1-2- 
20aOOP TJGHTTURH(H FTOSt) R Frost 7-10-11. 

. L Harvey (4) 
— D Murphy 

4D-2P DAVY’S WE* (Mrs R Lacy) JGWord 6-10-4. 

0104 BEECH ROAD (T Geake) G BtoGng 4-10-3. 

14 00)000-3 SMNYWOOO (T Falco} R Akahurst 5-102- 
16 OOP-103 OUR NOraY(MMadgwMi)M Madgwick 4-100. 

18 3030 RUSTY RUPERT (K NcxjuwJ) H OWB 5-UHJ 

19 H» ARTIC CHEF (R Hawthorn) TM Jones 5-104™. 

91 F5-2 
94 7-2 
88 7-2 
84 7-1 

84 8-1 

K Mooney #99 4-1 

Data McKecnm (7) 7912-1 

A Madgwick 89 14-1 

H Chapman (4) 80 16-1 

C Brown — 1H 

. J FTOat 

ra»_at_ Worcester (2m. £1 rai , good to sott, Dec 3. 24 ranL WHARRV BURN golnp well when fell 3 out earilar 

m 51. £1752, good. Nov 15; 

pm. £1591. good tti mull Uni I. 'iM 

(H-6) 2nd beaten & to Jlmpmize (10-2) at Wueridc (2m St £1752, good. Nov 15,"8 ran). DAVY^ WEIR latest 

soft, Dec 20. 12 rai) i 

Nov 29, 10 ran). 


I beaten 2t nk to More Orte way (9-7) at Towcester (2m. £665’. 


Course specialists 


S Woodman 









J Giffixd 






J Jenkins 





T Forster 




H Davies 





P Benton 


P Haynes 




G Moore 


















By Mandarin 

12.45 Carousd Rocket { 

1.15 Matdot 

1.45 Primrose Wood i 

Michael Seely's selections: 1245 Carousel Rocket 1.45 Fergy Foster 

Hie Times Private Handicaf^ier’s top rating: 1245 CAROUSEL ROCKET 

215 Pat’s Jester 
245 Dan D'Or 
3.15 Secret Walk 

Going: good 

12A5 PARTRiOGE NOVICE Hl)RIH£(Div 1 3-Y-O: £932: 2m 120yd) (7 runners) 



212 CAROUSS- ROCKET (A S&GGom&ndo) R Whtekv 11-2 

M 3 F\ uHpaiPiMc hhiqy IHI if <5i flmn) Ii W gaatertw 11-S 

— — G Bradley 

• 99 F4-5 
91 2-1 
83 12-1 



i nunvnwMvc nowii jfcy 1%- akUMnyn; re »• ■ ■ * 

rmn ANnftrA 1 ^ prvif yr) n Qvivi) a smith — 

C Grant 



m fMMiP mutt rn Mht rkvMi sm 10-10 

A smut) (7) 

— 10-1 
— 20*1 



wnnPM GVTfiintkin Ufldfl Rj^iaCn Ltd) R StaibbS 



ntuucn uir i (hoimi niuo rwp#a ^ ww l 1 ■ ■vi.uul 

n jnHHflnrAH BOY CTinWflr 10-10 — 

H Dwyer 



D AANMfflHVW AAm M ArkMorirfl R WflfldhaiU IfUlfl. .. 



r OUnnUlwCTl (HHOD HI OHAnIIIII) 11 HHIW Wto iv-rara-tomBm 

1985: Meeting abandoned - mew and frost 

3 ’ 1.15 GROUSE SELLING HURDLE (4-Y-O: E631: 2m 120yd) (5 runners) 

130-P0 MfCVUJLE FRED gBenyld Barry 11-7. 

021-600 MATEL0T(8 Sommemttfl) M NflughtOrt 11-7 . 
0004100 DARWJNA(R Johnson) H Johnson 11-0. 

00F4-O3 GRUNDVS PET (BF)(JC8ir Durham) GM Moore 11-0. 
P HUA SAUCY (V Had) V Hal 104L. 

Shanan Ja m es (7) 96 3-1 

C Grant W8BRM 

„ Mr P Johnson (7) — 16-1 

H Hsmraond 93 3-1 

__ ICr M Sowerstoy — 2&-1 

Course specialists 

Denys Smith 
W A Stephenson 
G Richards 


Wimera Runners 
15 58 

5 25 




3 0.0 


GBrsdft y 

k W^TvXir 













1.45 GAME BIRD HANDICAP CHASE (£2,141: 2m 41) (5 runners) 

2 1-01134 FERGY FOSTER (CO.BF) (F Scotto) W A Stflphflnson 0-11-11 

6 13143U PRHMOSE WOOD (CDDF)(Mra I Dewhurst) G Rtchards 6-11-6 

10 PP-2320 ROYAL JET (G Fakbttm) G Faktnbn 9-10-7_„„ 

12 2-232U1 IVACOP (CD) (Lord MacAndrew) Denys Smkh 7-10-4 

13 11D-OOP JOE’S FANCY (BF) (P Lkfcfle) P Liddte 9-10-2 

- RLaab 
_ PTuck 

M Dwyer 

- C Grant 

97 3-1 
82 2-1 

M Dwyer *9914-1 

2.15 PATRfflGE NOVICE HURDLE (Dtv 11: 3-Y-O. £937: 2m 120yd) (12 rurmers) 

231024 8MNTEL BUSHVjJ Taytor Sftudehfl Ltd) J Berry 11-2 JHanMn 89 7-2 

3122 PATS JESTER (BF)(RP Adam LM)R Allan 11-2 RLamto W99F5-2 

H AU. A DREAM (FBfl10W)JParicw 10-10 GHarttar —20-1 

DHOW (ft Darby) G M Moore 10-10 M Hammond — 7-1 

33 ELEGANT GUEST (Mrs V Ootamen) Denys SmMi 10-10 C Grant 94 7-3 

JIMMY’S SECRET (BKtoatrick) A Smith 10-10. M Dwyer — ao-i 

MASTER MUSIC CMm G WaltonQ T WUfard 10-10 Mr T Reed — 25-1 

000 MERCIA GOLD (W Wells} W tttata 10-10 Ur K Anderson (7) -33-1 

P MUQAH (E O'Mwa) Mf9 A B«9 10-10 M Pepper —33-1 

TtMSOLOfT Hernworth) J Mtdhal 10-10 — — 33-1 

R VBtAJENORA (R Afbuthnot) W Paarce 10-10 DShaw — 20-1 

6 atowNrrtc Booth) c&y&nos DOaaan — 52-1 









2.45 NORTHUMBRIA NOVICE CHASE (£2,100: 3m) (10 runners) 

1 PPO-313 DAN [TOR (CD) (Mrs E Robson) E RobeOrt 8-11-8——— 

0-11214 OAKEN (Di*e of Sutheriato) Denys Smith 5-11-6 

P-0110U VALIANT WOOD (Cto(MreWTb«lB) Mrs WTitfee-ri-a.. 
0004U3 HANDYTRfCKyHtoisonJW A Stephenson 5-11-0™ 

14 3/FUP-F4 Kffi> DREAM DIG (Mrs L Armstrong) M Redder 9-11-0 

17 2/P2MP MIGHTY MARK (Mrs FWettonJF Walton 7-11-0 

18 38P-340 OWEN DUFF (Miss M Furness) R Tate 7-1 1-0 

20 00- CLARILAW (Mrs H Fraser) J Haldane 7-10-9 I 

22 03HJO-0 NOT EASY (Mrs A Page) W Page 6-10-8 

23 YOUR D6ADR1GHT(H Boto)R Woodnouse 5-109— 

- Mr T Reed 83 3-1 

C Grant B9SF7-4 

T G Don 88 4-1 

R Lento 75 6-1 

. AMerrigan(7) — 14-1 

Mr J Walton 9112-1 

— 72 16-1 

_ REemsAaw — 20-1 
J O’Gonmm (7) 79 25-1 


3.15 PHEASANT HANDICAP HURDLE (£1.333: 2m 41) (9 runners) 

111-000 HALF BROTHER (T Ramsdon) M W EasterOy 4-1 1-10— 

OCIOP-03 SOME MACHUE (D) (W DGormen) Jimmy RtzgaraJd 7-11-8 
0021/00 CRACKH9X (D) (A SutoeS) Mrs G Reveiey 7-11-6, 

LWyer *99 9-2 
MOwyar 97 4.1 


1-00042 SECRET WALK (CO) (Hathaway Roofing Uri) W A Stephenson 5-11-3— R La^i 

04-1300 LACCAR (D) (Mrs E Seagrave) J Johnson 6-11-3 — R Earmhaw 

3430-40 ROMAN DUSK (CD) (WUx*ev)J. Chariton 6-11-1 P Dermis (4) 

043-030 JAY ELLE THAW (D) (J Thaw) D Moffett 6-10-10 — K Teotan 

20-0000 FLYING SQUAD (C) (Mre J Goodtafow] Mrs J GcxxJtefow fl-IM A Snringer 

2140»P BUfttU WALK (MreMArmhage) l Jordon 6>10!5 COrant 

— 8-1 
86 12-1 
99 10-1 
89 20-1 
*fc4 20-1 

David Nic holson ’s Very 
Promising ran capture the neb- 
est si ec n( frirasg ever run in 

I reland , the Black and White 
Whiskey Champion Chase over 
two and a half miles ax 
Leopardstown today (our Irish 
Racing Correspondent writes). 

This race, with a value of 
ER£50,000, has attracted eight 
runners, including another Brit- 
ish challenger, Oregon Trafl. 

The two raiders will be renew- 
ing Cheltenham rivalry for in 
the Glen International Chase 
there, earlier this month. Ore- 
gon Trail romped home a stylish 
winner with Very Pro misin g 
beaten more than 25 lengths 
into fourth place; 

There was. however, a good 
excuse for the size of this losing 
margin as Very Promising 
slipped on landing over the 
foanb-iast fence and came to a 
virtual hah. Even with a trouble- 
free round, he would hardly 
have beaten Oregon Trail as he 
was attempting to give the 
winner 2IIEr. 

Today they meet at level 
weights and after a dry weekend 
the ground should be ideal for 
Very Promising who has been 
such a prolific money-spinner 
over fences for David Nicholson 
in 1986. 

He won the Embassy Premier 
Chase final at Ascot in January, 
beating Mr Mooaraker; while at 
Chehraham he battled on to get 
home two lengths in front of 
Half Free in the Madreson Gold 

The Irish runners are headed 
by Bobshne who, like Oregon 
Trail, won the Aride Trophy at 
Cheltenham in his novice chase 
days. He returned to winning 
form in the Durican Brothers 
International Pnnchestown 
Chase, finishing eight lengths 
ahead of Another Brownie: 

His jumping was not fluent 
but he has always done better 
going left-handed 

Burro ugh Hill Lad, absent 
from the track with leg trouble 
since his victory in the Gains- 
borough Chase at Sandown 11 
months ago, is now back in 
strong work. *Tm going to be 
m»iring entries for him this 
week," Mis Pitman said. “Td 
ideally Eke to get a couple of 
races into him before 

The Gold Cup picture is 
murky, to say the least at 
present And yesterday John 
Spearing further confu- 

sion to the situation when the 
Alcesier trainer announced that 
his bold front runner. Run And 
Skip, who finished such a 
creditable fourth to Dawn Run 
last March, was temporarily out 
of action. 

“Run And Skip is lame after 
getting a bit of grit in the middle 
of his near fore on the Friday 
before Christmas. That's why he 
missed the King George. But it's 
nothing serious and could be a 
blessing in disguise as he's 
always at his best when fresh, 
Spearing said. 

Ladbrokes' reaction to this 
latest development was to 
shorten Steaisby's price to 3-1. 
The London firm now go 5-1 
ForgivE‘N Forget, 9-1 Bunpugh 
HiB Lad, Run And Skip, and 
offer 16-1 against Ten Plus, 
Fulke Waftvyn's talented hur- 
dler, who will attempt to record 
his first win over fences in the 
Elcot Park Novices' Chase at 
Newbury on Friday. 

The open nature of this winter 
has certainly resulted in some 
thrilling holiday Taring but it 
has. alas, also produced its usual 
crop of injuries to jockeys. 
Richard Dun woody has recov- 
ered from his fan at Wetherby 
on Boring Day and win be on 
board Very Promising at 
Leopardstown this afternoon. 
However, Simon Sherwood is 
out of action for a week after 
that horrible-looking, fall from 
Drive On Jimmy ax Kempton 
on Saturday. 

and will be 

haring physioiherapyjreaimcnt 

from Mary Bromley. 

Belter news, on die oincr 
hand, came from Steve Smith 
Eccles. who had io 
riding in the middle 
Da v 6 afternoon ai Kempton 
whire he had his first mourns 
since his fall from Indamclody 
at Leicester. Because of she 
injury to my nbs, I hadn i been 
able io lake any exercise at all. 
he said vesterday- i must have 
been pretty unfit as I felt sick 
and dizzy after nding two ih[«- 
milers. who were off the bndlc 
for most of their rac»- But In 
schooling Townley Stone and 
First Bout and a few olhere o'er 
fences for Nicky Henderson 
tomorrow morning, and 1 am 
due to sum again at Plumpton 
on Tuesday.” . 

Luckilv. that lough and resil- 
ient character, Colin Brown, was 
none die worse for his slight 
tumble from Floyd when disput- 
ing (he lead with Nohalmdun m 
the Top Rank Christmas Hur- 

^There is no doubt that 
Nohalmdun was going the be tier 
of the pair at the time of ihe 
mishap. “I’d moved up going 
very easily.” said Peter 
Scudamore, the winning jockey . 
-We both asked for long ones at 
the last and it was because Colin 
was under pressure that he got 
pul down." 

David Elsworth. on die other 
hand, was quick to defend 
Floyd. “Of course. I'm not 
saying he would have won." he 
said. “Bur Floyd is a really lough 
customer. He never gives up 
and was still running.” 

After Gaye Brief had finished 
a well-beaien third. Mercy 
RimeU commented about ihe 
1983 champion. “These old 
horses can’t go on forever as we 
saw in the King George. There 
seems tilde point in taking on 
the younger horses in condition 
races. And if he's reasonably 
treated. I’d be tempted to have a 
go at the Tote Gold Trophy at 
Newbury on February 14.” 

The fast time Gaye Brief ran 
in a handicap was when be won 
the City Trial Hurdle at Not- 
tingham in February. 1983. Mrs 
RimeU went on to gain some 
compensation for the eclipse of 
Gaye Brief when Dermot 
Browne rode a patient race on 
Golden Friend to defy top 
weight in the Odeon Cinemas 
Handicap Chase. 

Sherwood has started the 
afternoon in fine style when 
landing a double on Stirabout 
for Henderson in the Royal 
Garden Hotel Novices’ Chase 
and on The West Awake for his 
brother, Oliver, in the National 
Bingo Game Novices' Hurdle. 

New Year’s Day service 

There is a fall 
raring fater this 
meetings scheduled 
Year's Day. 

with six 
far New 

The Tones will be pobfishiBg 
on this day — Che only quality 
newspaper fa do so — offering a 
comprehmaiTe service for aB the 

cards inefading exclusive ratings 
for the top meetings at Chelten- 
ham and Cattericfc Bridge, plus 
news and results from the two 
New Year's Ere meetings. 

Make sue yon have a com- 
plete guide to dm holiday raring 
by placing a regular order for 
Tbe Times with your newsagent 



By Mandarin 

1.00 ACONITUM (nap). 1J0 Patralan. 
Rogairio 230 Kilsyth 3.00 Wording 



Gofrn: good to soft 



£813: 2m) (14 runners) 

1 138 BUNQABURQ F Jordon 6-11-6 

2 2120 PENLLYNE’5 PRIDE (D) R JucfcBS 5-11-6— 

5 3 ACOMTUM 0 Sherwood MO-12 

7 P- BANNER COM NL Stows 6-10-12 

8 0 BUSTED FLAVOUR W Hamas 5-10-12 

17 KYLEMAKEL Mrs &0fiwr£l 0-12 

2D 048 LOCHFEN D R Greta 5-10-12 

23 33 WW FOREST LADMrs J Pitman 4-10-12_ 

24 H PAPAGBiOMreJ Craft 5-10-12 : 

28 0 PKMUHLLY LORD GHufler 5-10-12 J 

31 000- TROJAN fflMCE Mis M Riraal 4-10-12 

34 ap WLUS SONG H Jones 5-10-12 

36 8 DANCMG CLARA N A SRltth 4-10-7 MrM 


J Kura! (7) 
R Crank 


S Moore 

— G Jones 

39 OM RBPHJNG FLAME J Mahon 8-10-7_ MrM 

HrM Wattage 

5-2 New Forest Lad, 3-1 Acanfiun, 7-2 Perttyne's Ride, 5- 
1 Bundttxng, 7-1 Plcadtty Lord, 8-1 Trojan Prince. 


(£862: 2m) (13) 

2 0-02 F&S-OE-flOl flRH Juefcee 5-11-7 TPfnfeU(7) 

4 2000 DISCOVER GOtll (D) K Bridgwater 5-ltH 

WMmson 4-108 

S SSI KUWAIT LB&.F Jordan 4-10-8 (7ex), 

10 MO FHEOMNS Dow 4-106 

11 0P0 GOU)SOYEKSGHKWtlfte3-1<K 

12 /m T0WNSVUEJA0U6-165 

16 P-PP GLQfS SUPPER (B) M EcMsy 5-10-3. 

. r tf UWUH JIo 

Ttacy TDnaar(7) 

18 OM TABA COSWT Unar 3-106- 
23 0402 CHOWSTHIS DREAM (WJPeimtt 3-10-1. 

25 P404 UJCY KING Mrs JCraftS-10-1 

27 POM CULLEWS PETS!) W Monte 3-10*1 . 

28 FP/P APHHOOfSIACRi Morris 5-10-1 — 

11-4 puratan. 7-2 Kuwait Last 4-1 Ffls-de-ftoL 6-1 

Discover Gold, 7-1 Choristers Dream, 1(M Gold Scnweign. 

Course specialists 

TRABKR& 0 Burdiett. 8 wiraito from 27 runners. 29J9%; Mrs 
G Jones, 7 from 28, 2SMi Mrs J Pliman. 6 from 37, 16J2%: Mrs 
M RrieS. 7 from 80, a8%. (Only queSfora). 

JOCKETSc S IMoora, 7 winners from 24 rides. 29.2%; P 
Scudamore, I51rom isa.n.4%: J Suoram, 7lrom«, 11^%; S from IIS, 10.8%; (XSmim. 7 from 68,11X3%. 

CHASE (£3J)12 3m 21) (7) 

2 -213 MAYAIfICOR |CIQ D Wttams 8-11-10 — 

n Mni SSSSSiSf SMnshead 

8 2104 FBVBlWAfiMORJ Bradtey 8-1 1-0 G Davies 

11 F334 MQflBnpGE P putosee 11-10-2 B Powafl 

12 040- YOUNG BLOOD S CftrtsUan 7-10-1 

13 0232 PRINCE LY CALL (B) Mrs G Jones 
i ii mu mu 

14 -132 OWEN ( 

Mr G Upton (7) 

. .12-106.- JSutoem 

R Holder 9-ftH) PRUwdr 



11-4 Mayeimcor. 9-2 raver Warrior. 11-2 
8-1 Prfrtoefr Can. 12-1 Yoiaig Blood. 


(Amateurs: £1,820: 2m) (7) 

2 1314 STUBBS DAUGHTER (D)(BF) K Bafley 9-11-7 

4 OP-2 ROSTRA RAmtyUge 7-1 1-8 

7 PM LEGATE OTJ A 009-10-11. G Jotoaon ’ 

8 1FP1 FWWEIW S Christian 8-10-10 — q| 

9 2112 KE5Y1H □ Burahel 7-10-7. 

12 -012 AWMNQi 

„ 11-4 Stobbs Daughter, 100-30 Rostra. 9-2 Locate 5-1 
Ffrmesto. 13-2 KBsyth. 10-1 Awning. iSlriwMRjf^^. 

&WJRSBS N0V,QE handicap 

CHASE (£1,758: 2m 61) (8) 

B -PDF JUVB8LE PfflNCE M Otaer 8-11-7 

J] SAMMY DRAKE RL«^ 9-11-5 

14 MU N0R0MG GBaMng 8-11-5 

B “P** to 9 C7) 

M Hoed I 

£ f coolbc Mrs w Sy£s lo-fdiZi: 

i b syuamaatsi 

- P Double 


3 (Pei HERRYTOHW Price 6-11-5 

3 , PBWIPSHVDeMOharS-IEuir- 

« *52 BA Y W Musaon 5-10-12. 

18 tS S C "i^ BirAT p Da™ 4-10-1?: 

C Smith 


M JUST ACOUTTB) j Maiion 5-10-12 M B °** T W 

MBJan K£ 4-1().12j ,taG * nn >SgW 

23 34 MflFTW 

» “ MONRITi 

29 00-2 

BMK HOUSE LODGE Mrs A teiSlfriff? ^ 


MADAM 3HAIQRA R E Peacock 7-10-7 ** rMWe,lh 8 9 
WUWY BAY D BureheB4^_J: 7 — 

iw'sisyss; yfsssssr - M ^ 

Saturday’s results 

Kempton Park Warwick 

12.40 1, Stbabout 
Gala's Image fii-“ 
Deer Crest It 

12.451 .True! 

, Cockpit 

: 2- Greet 
r (5-1). 18 

1.15 L fl ®P«9 n «J4-1): 2. Wood Poppy 


fl4-i); z Socks 
Doime (6-1): 3, Sun Rising (1 W). I 


t 2, Misqr 
-1). 5 rwt 

2(bv. 11 ran. NR: Kyoto. 

2.10 1. Noftafrtttoi (15-8 fev 

3, Our Fun " 
ran. NR; 


2, Mrs 

Argonaut (7-2t 
Again 2-1 tby. 7 

-IIS 2. The 


11:3. Hfeft Heaven (33-1). tom _ 
lav. 11 ra n NR~. M r ftig Patches, 
Mias'. Shipwright 

3, Iralten 
1 7-4 (by. 18 ran. 

T.45 1, Rytag Mb toe ea (7 
Fort (4-7 tort 3. Roytt Mere 
NR; Masts Matady. 

Z151.H* ATi&nO-lt fav);2, MBard 
House (50-1); 3. Samas Star (33-1). 14 
tm. lift' Trackers Jewel. Sewn 

2A5 1, Baddog (7-®; 2. Haworth Park 
®-lh3, Wgti Btendc7-1). Go Anna Go loo* 

M Jt-fev; 15 ran. N ftAmai uas Hope, 



ID 1, Rngmt (11-8 



Z T( 
(5-lt I 


1J0 l. Eamon** Owen (11*4 

i (8-1): 3, 

ran. NR; Morning Breaks. 

20 1, Covent Garden (i . 
Giendower (3-1 (av): 5, County 
2). 10 ran, NR: Ledbury Lad. 

t2^1.W ^ eWbtag6-^tanocent 

Rule Of 

2, Owen 

2M 1, CMpped Metal . 
Woodfend View (1 6-1 £3, Oenoar m i 
20-1 L Kmmwick 9-4 fe, 13 ran. 

3J9 1. Trawere (5-1 Jt-Sgy); 2, CeWc 
Tima 11 B-l): 3. Wei Covered (MK 4. Wye 
Lea (fO-lt.WWm Rose 5-1 jMw. is ran. 

fr3 &^^&aRanfl2-1):2.BSa 

(5-ik 3. Myswy_Cwck {li-ij. 

2-1 taw. 17 ran. 

John (ira-iy. 3, Duteh Lord 
The Sea 5-4 (avj12 ran. NR; 

T .16 1 . Jn Thorae (7-1k 2, 


Bay (5-1): 3. Sea' Merchant (33-ij. 

Happy Breed (9-D; 3. foring PWm (fi-i). 

'* 7ran ‘ Tnm f7.TV» 

OSS fess* 

Leaders over 
the jumps 


JGHftfrd 29 in -in 

W SMptiBnson 29 36 21 

D Nicholson 20 13 17 

24 10 g 

24 29 18 

“ ta to 

52 20 14 
43 IT 14 

41 3 i 26 

30 ig if 
30 19 13 

Ml IM 








+ 40.48 

- 9.30 


- 72.09 

+ 20.58 

+ 85.21 


M Dwyer 


Bisr 0 

B PoweU 
G Bradley 
H Davies 

“ fr N ! 
g 41 30 
54 22 ig 

42 29 34 
39 33 27 
M 25 20 
W 44 29 
» 38 28 
28 17 ig 
« 26 21 











-SffSLfcSfjs Ita Don- 
Year's Day on Ne . w 

racing spanning ,n 

J^^broKf^ 1 fa , 5l irio ? al 
the fourth time tfS ? r-bone - for 
fail at . Wofaite season in a 
Saturday. olver *ramptoo on 

/* - 

^ - 

* -tt * -ft ■{: EL 




The cold 
facts on 

racing s 

Seeing tharthe fast time I had 

been to the races was the Prix de 
I ’Arc de Trfomphe in Paris, it 
was time to go ignin. So on 
Saturday I went to Yorkshire 
and to weather-blown Wetherfay 
to see the jump racing. It was 
different from Paris. For a start, 
I did not see a single 
wearing therosette of the Ltgum 
d'Hoonenr in his bttttonhole. 

The nearest yon could get to 
such a statement of sefcf-im- 
portflnce was to wear H an ter 
wellingtons and to eat yonr chips 
with yonr little finger extended. 
In Pans yon could not walk past 
a single woman without being 
struck by the thought; how long 
did it take her to look like that? 
And how much did it cost? Bat 
Wetberby could have been filled 
with the most elegant ladies t ha t 
Balmain ever dressed, and yon 
would never know. It was too 
cold to look cooL 
It goes a long way to explain 
why jumping will always be the 
poor relation of flat raring: why 
the summer game has more 
status; and why all the really 
rich men love to plough their 
millions into the wlred-np two- 
year-olds instead or the steady 
old fellas of the winter. In 
summer at the high and expen- 
sive meetings, for many the 
horses are no more than a mildly 
pleasant distraction from the 
serious business of gossiping 
and looking cooL 

Bat there is absolutely no 
point at all in going to National 
Hunt taring antes yon tike 
actnaf National Hunt raring. It 
is simply too cold. Yon cannot 
look elegant when it is cold. Yon 
can look prosperous, true, hot 
you have to (boss to repel the 
cold, not to attract admiration. 
That wipes out most of the Royal 
Ascot crowd for a start. I didn’t 
see them at Wetberby, anyway. 

The horses are sot the flicker- 
ing shimmerers of the flat raring 
season. Flat taring horses are 
babies, or perhaps to be more 
accurate, neur otic teenagers. 
Inciting the m to go test is Hti 
inciting a juvenile delinquent to 
break telephone boxes. They are 
seen for a season, perhaps two, 
and then never seen again. A 
thousand hopes and dreams 
vanish in a puff of smoke; 
several thonsand more will 
appear next season. 

But National Bant horses go 
on forever. Surely that’s not the 
hone I hocked here five years i 
ago? But it always is. Badsworth 
Boy, aged 1), was second in the 
big one (dammit). Weil, job 
can’t expect teenagers to have 
respect for tradi t i onal things 
like fences, on you? And fences 
can be vindictive if yon do not 
treat them respectfully. Jumping 
horses go on forever — or alt 
least, until disaster strikes. 

The jockeys of winter are less 
flashy, less well-paid and would 
all have problems getting a part 
in a pantomime, being of a 
normal size. It costs no one 
much pain to make a weight of 
12 stone. And they are probably 
the bravest sportsmen in the 

A thumping, shuddering, 
crashing fall, the sort of fall a 
normal recreational horse-riding 
man would bore people about for 
eight months, and these men of 
steel get helped to their feet by 
the fence attendants, look about 
groggily, c atch their breath, 
utter one heart-felt monosyllable 
and then hike hack to ch a ng e 
their shirt. There’s another 
horse to tell off In half an hour. 

Flat racing Is glorious and 
mad. Jump raring has glory and 
madness of a totally different 
kind. Flat raring is slightly 
hysterical: jump raring is 
slightly dotty. There are those 
who see all racing as a sinful 
pursuit. If so, the sin of flat 
raring has the tang of satin 
sheets and silken clothes and 
exotic perfumes and cnrious 
cigarettes. The sin of jump 
racing is more like a tumble in 

the hay. And as with tum bli ng in 
the bay, it is always just that 
little bit too cold to be comfort- 
able while doing it. 


Australians wrest Davis 

Cup from Swedes 

From David Miller, Chief Sports C or respondent. Melbourne 

As Neale Fraser, Australia's cap- 
tain, said in friendly jest at the post- 
Davis Cup banquet “Where on 
earth did he come from?" Mikael 
Pemfors. yet another remarkably- 
gifted player to emerge from the rich 
forests or Swedish tennis; contrived 
10 plot a momentous climax to the 
1986 final with Australia, yet ul- 
timately lost to a truly redoubtable 
competitor. It was an historic last 
final at Kooyoag. 

Bob Hawke, Australia's Prime 
Minister, may not be the race-form 
expert of international tennis, yet it 
was no inappropriate comparison 
when he suggested that Pemfors 
reminded us of Rosewall: the 
innocuous serve, the short-back- 
and-sides and modest physique, 
combined with a service return and 
with passing shots which would win 
prizes at Bisley. 

The quality of any outstanding 
sporting winner is dependent, al- 
most always, on the quality of the 
loser. For two sets Pemfors, aged 23, 
the United States national collegiate 
champion who has jumped in one 
season from 164 in the rankings to 
11, played tennis as special as 
anyone present could remember. 

Vet Fit Cash came back to beat 
him, memorably, 2-6. 4-6, 6-3. 6-4, 
6-3 and thereby give Australia a 
winning 3-1 lead. On Saturday, 
Cash and John Fitzgerald had 
unexpectedly won the doubles in 
four set s against the recent Albert 
Hall winners. Anders Jarryd and 
Stefan Edbeig, with Edberg once 
more a shadow of his normal self 
You may not like Cash. Indeed, 
there are plenty of Australians in 
this continent of rugged extroverts 
who would not choose him as a 
desert island companion. However, 
in this Davis Cup final — sponsored 
by NEC — Cash, at 21, has shown 
himself to be one of the sternest and 
most courageous c o mpetitors of this 
or any era. 

No Australian in the history of 
the Cup has won a singles from two 
sets down. For almost an hour-and- 
a-halC Cash must have thought that 
Butch Cassidy and Sundance were 
together down the other end of the 
court. The shots went peppering 
past him — cross-court, down the 

stunned. Six times he surrendered 
his service. 

Cash’s difficulties made Paul 
McNamee’s embarrassment at his 
destruction on Friday less painful. 
“Pemfors played the best tennis for 
two sets I have ever encountered,** 
Cash said afterwards. Mimicking 
Cash with his white Apache head- 
band, Pemfors had set about his 
rival from the outset, breaking his 
opening service with two wicked 
lobs, and almost sprinting to change 

Within six games, at 2-4 down. 
Cash recognized the need for new 
tactics, stayLig back and frantically 
slow-tailing to give Pemfors less 
pace off which to drive his stinging 
posses. To no avaiL Pemfors again 
led 4-0 in the second set and should 
have taken it 6-2, but squandered 
two set points as be snatched at a 
successive, comparatively simple, 
forehand and harfchanri dropping 
his own service on a double fault 

Cash was stalling all be could, 
keeping Pernfois waiting at the start 
of each point within legal limits. 

Davis Cup results 

SMOLE&PCBft Mu) beats Ertera (Swe). t3- 
11, 13-11, 6-4; M Pamtofs (Sm>) bt P MeName© 
MUSL&-3. 91, 93; PCttfttxMftrnloa. 2-6, 4-6. 
6-3, &4, 6-3. 3 E(fi)«g (Swe) m P Mcttmee. 10-8 

DOUBLES: p CmIkI RtzgaraM ta S Edbwo-A 
Jarryd, S-3 6-44-6 6-1. 

lines, overhead — to leave him 

Inch by inch he edged back into the 
match. In the first and third gam* 1 * 
of the third set, Pemfors had break 
points on Cash's service but railed 
to take them, then lost his own 
service in the fourth game: 

Cash was beginning to serve 
better, occasionally aceing; Pemfors 
to return less accurately. By sheer 
willpower. Cash kept forcing for- 
ward to the net whenever he could, 
granting with the effort as he went 
for the low volleys under the 
pressure of Pemfors's top spin. He 
did not crack. 

The tension among die 12,000 
crowd was as sensitive as a primed 
mousetrap. A fault on first serve by 
either player would bring a spatter 
of applause just from nervousness. 
There was the expectation of a 
boxing hall, the chanting of a 
football stadium: yet convention - ' 

ally as well mannered as were the 
players. The emotion became al- 
most unendurable in the critical 
seventh and eighth games of the 
fourth set. 

With Cash leading 4-2. Pemfors 
survived two break-points and five 
deuces to hold on for 4-3, and then 
had Cash love-40 in the next game: 
three points for four-alL With 
unflinching concentration. Cash 
hammered down three first serves 
to reach deuce, and held the game. 
“I didn't think about it." he said, “I 
just concentrated on my first serve. 
If you think about situations like 
that, you’d go nuts." There were 
those among the spectators who 

The final nail, as Pemfors ran out 
of strength, came at 2-2 and 30-all in 
the final seL How marvellously over 
three days Cash had played the key 
points! Now Pemfors volleyed deep 
to the forehand comer of the 
baseline, only for Cash to respond 
with a running forehand pass down 
the tramline which clipped the 
baseline. Next, still under pressure 
at the net from Pemfors’s probing, 
be played a cruel stop-volley to 
break service for 3-2. It was 
effectively over. 

As Pemfors served at 5-3 to save 
the match, to save the tie ... to 
save the Cup which Sweden had 
held for two years, the tree leaves 
rustled in a gentle breeze under the 
cloudless sky of a perfect day. The 
crowd was gripped in silence at the 
climax of a great match. Cash came 
in like an ogre: a smash, a ba ckhand 
volley at the net, another smash and 
he was the hero a nation needed to 
soothe the pain of simultaneous 
cricket ignominy. 

The Davis Cup means more 
sacrifice and more pain for less 
pay," Cash said. u But it's worth iL I 
would never have to be paid to be 

If that was a mood he bad shared 
magnificently with Pemfors, it was 
something which, maybe through 
no fault of his own, had not touched 
Edbeig, the world's No. 4. In the 
dead fifth match, he beat McNamee 
in straight sets; but his mental 
frailty, against Cash on Friday, and 
again in the doubles, bad cost 
Sweden their title. 

Jumping for joy: Pat Cash leaps while Neale Fraser, non- playing 
captain, salutes Australia's Davis* Cup win over Sweden yesterday 

Fraser’s talent is knowing how to pick a winner 

Fraser cup aloft, bis choke 
was proved correct 

It is many years now since 
Neale Fraser rushed into the 
lobby of his Nottingham hotel at 
around miHnig fct taking all 
sxndry: “Where’s that bloody 
Newk?" Some of ns who had 
seen John Newcombe dis- 
appearing down the fire escape 
exit of the local disco in a qnte 
s u ccess ful attem pt to evade the 
cnrfcw imposed by his non- 
playing Dans Cup captain, 
tend o«r loyalties torn. 

Bnt “Ffcase” being a good sort 
of bloke, soon realised he was 
fi ghting a losing battle with a 
star who was a little bit toe dose 
to his own generation to knnrkle 
under to Barry Hopman-style 


That was back in the early 
70s. and Fraser was still tiring in 
the shadow of the legendary 

“Hop" — *H»t demanding task- 
master who mould e d one of the 
greatest dynasties of champions 
the game has known. 

Hop man died exactly a year 
ago, hot if he could have been at 
Kooyoag this weekend be woaU 
— Brndefandv perhaps — - have 
acknowledged that Fraser’s 17- 
year reign as Davis Cup captain 
now deserves to rank alongside 
his own. 

That may seem a strange 
cfaim, because in the 18 years 
from 1950 to 1967, Hopman’s 
teams won the Cap no less than 
15 times. Fraser, since 1970, has 
managed jnst four victories, bat 
statistics do not tell the whole 
story. Hopman had Sedgman 
and MacGregor; Hoad and 

Rosewall; Cooper, Fraser him- 
self, Laver, Emerson and Stolle 

From Richard Evans, Melbourne 

to do his bidding, all of whom, in 
any age, would have been ranked 
in theworkTs top ten. 

Back in 1973 when Australia 
beat the United States in Cleve- 
land, Fraser was able to cal) on 
New c o m b e . L a v er and Rosewall, . 
but since then he has achieved 
die feat of only once haring 
foiled to take his team as for as 
the semi-finals with players who 
have mostly straggled to make 
the world's top 30. 

“Yon didn't have to be too 
clever to win wfth the gnys I had 
in Cleveland." Fraser told me as 
we drove out of Kooyoag throogb 
throngs of weB- wishers. “But 
winning in 1963 when oar top 
player was ranked 35, and now 
again with Cash at No. 25, 
makes it very special''. 

“There's no way ‘Frase’ gets 
the credit he deserves," Paul 
McNamee said. “His input and 
dedication are tremendous and 
his record speaks for itself." 

Perhaps Fraser's greatest tal- 
ent lies in picking the right men 
to do the ondai jobs. He still 
admits his hardest decision was 
to leave the great Ken Rosewall 
on the bench in Cleveland — 
Newcombe and Laver won the 
whole tie for him by themselves 

— but time and again over the 
years he has made the unconven- 
tional choice, such as asking 
McNamee to play singles rather 
than doubles, and been proved 

He was a worried man here on 
Friday night when McNamee 
lost to Pemfors, however, and 

admits now to feeling be should 
have played Fitzgerald. Bnt Oat 
would have meant breakmg op 
the Cash-Fitzgerald doubles 
team whose victory the following 
day proved vital to Australia’s 

Sympathy unwanted 

Mr Bob Hawke, Australia's 
Prime Minister, speaking at the 
Davis Cop dinner at the Regent 
of Melbourne, said: “One thing 
yon have to say about the British 
is that they gave ns cricket. 
Probably tee less said about that 
the better. If there is one thing 
worse than a gloating Pom it is a 
Pomade being sorry for an 
Australian. The hotel where I 
am staying is full of them 






By Keith Macklin 




For a brief first half spell 
Widnes threatened to make a 
contest of this John Player 
Special Trophy semi-final at 
Central Park. The strong run- 
ning of Gilbert set up a try for 
Paul Hulme, and Widnes were 
only 9-4 behind at half-time. 

In the second half, however, 
Widnes were bit by an ava- 
lanche as Warrington produced 
an astonishing display or swift 
passing, perfect backing-up and 
strong, straight running 

Warrington scored eight tries 
in a staggeringly one-sided vic- 
tory and in many respects their 
performance was a repeat of last 
season's premiership final 
against Halifax , with Warring- 
ton softening-up their oppo- 
nents in the first half and 
running riot in the second. 

It was perhaps inevitable that 
a match between ancient rivals 
should explode and the scrum 
halves Bishop and Hulme were 
dismissed in the second half 

Warrington scored two first 
half tries, the first through the 
forward, Roberts, of Australia, 
and then a typical blockbuster 
from Boyd. 

When Warrington turned on 
the heat in the second half yet 
another Australian, the full tack 
Johnson, scorched through for 
two brilliant individual tries. 
Cullen also touched down twice 
and the speedy wingers, Forster 
and Meadows, emphasized the 
quality of the attacking rugby 
with any each. 

Warrington now meet the 
holders Wigan at Burnden Park. 
SCORERS: Wrartngton: Goat Jackson. 
Dropped goat Bishop. TWar Johnson (2). 
Cufien (2J. Roberts, Boyd, Forster. Mead- 
ows. Widnes: Try: P Hubra. 
WARRINGTON: B Johnson: K Meadows. 
P Cullen. J Roped. M Foster; K Kelly. P 
Bishop; L Boyd (rep: J Hunshrays). R 
Hodson, B Jackson, C Sanderson, M 

Dowd. D Wright. J 
Gffijert. J Basnottfrop: D PtottJ. D Hulme. 

P Hulme. K Sorensen. R McKenzie. S 
O'Neal. M O'Neal. R Eyres. H Pinner (rap: 

Referee: J McDonald (Wigan). 

Halifax move 
into third spot 

Only two championship 
matches were played yesterday, 
but both had important bearings 
on championship and relegation 
issues (Keith Macklin writes). 
Halifax moved into third place 
with a 12-8 win over Bradford 
Northern at OdsaL 

Juliff scored an early try for 
Halifax, but Bradford came 
back with a try by Simpson, to 
which Mumby added a goaL 
The turning point of the game 
was the sending off of the 
Bradford forward Fairbank, 
Whitfield landing the resultant 
penalty. Although another 
Mumby kick put Bradford 
ahead at 8-6, atxy by Stephens 
and a goal from Whitfield 
clinched the game for Halifax. 

Feafoerstooe Rovers beat 
Hull 18-12 to climb out of the 
relegation area. 

uniayj: Semi-final: Widnes 4. Warrington 


tord 8. Halifax 12; Feattwstone 18, Hun 
12. Second division: Mansfield TO, Shef- 
field 28. 


A surprise 
for Stock 



Cairngorm: upper runs. rans.cornpiBte. 
wet snow wttn icy 

_iicy patches: middle runs 

runs complete, but narrow wet snow: 
lower slopes, runs atmogteanptete. wet 
snow; vertical runs. 1,700ft snow jevel . 
2 .TQ 0 fchifl roads, dean mast roads, oea r. 
Gtanahea upper nre. some runs com - 
ptote. very wet snow onajm 
middle runs, some runs complet e, vety 
wet mow on a firm base: lower slopes, 
some nms complete, verywat snow wia 
firm base; vertical runs. BOO tc. MJ roads 
dear, main roads dean snow level. 1.80 0 
It Lecfet upper runs, some runs com- 
plete. wet snow mlddte . run s, runs 

complete, wet snow: lower stapes, amp* 
nursery areas, wet snow: ■ verted qpg; 
700ft: snow lever. 2.000ft M mods, dear. 
main roads, deer. Glencoe 

upper runs, row comptote^gf 
narrow wet enow on a hard base; 
slopes, snow cover, patchy wtt : snow; 
vertical runs. 1.200ft; snow feveL 2A0Wt 
Ml roads, dear; main ro«toj«pa£ 
Forecast for skfing for toder® 
areas cloudy with occasional rajrc freez 


west winds. Outkx* tar aw*™*; 
Becoming brighter and a HMe cotter with 
sunny spate and scattered shower s. 

• Information from the Scottish Meteo- 
rological Office. 


Upsets aplenty 
at Sherborne 

Shock results were the order 
of the day at the Territorial B 
Tournament in Sherborne yes- 
terday (Joyce Whitehead 
writes 1-Using superior lacucsto 
their full advantage. North beat 
Midlands 2-0, but they were 
later trounced 5-0 by Sou™’ 
with goals from G Deveison U>- 
Anne Green (2) and Jane Jaeger 
f 1 1. The other surprise was the 3- 
1 defeat of Midlands by West. 

If these results are a P rora r ls £ 
of more to come, tec tun 
Territorial matches, which stan 
today at 10.30. should P^° v }° e 
plenty of interest for hockey 


RESULTS: North 2. Midlands IkBff £ 

Wfts 0: South 5. North ft WesS 
Udtands 1 : East 2. South 1 . 

West Berlin (Reuter) — 
Leonhard Stock, of Austria, the 
J980 Olympic downhill cham- 
pion who had never won a 
major race before or since, 
recorded a shod: victory in a 
men's World Cup parallel sla- 
lom race here yesterday. 

Stock, aged 28, beat the 
slalom specialist Bojan Krizstf, 
of Yugoslavia, by 0.81 3sec in 
the final of the race held on the 
130-metre high Teufelsberg 
(Devil’s Mountain). 

The race, which only counts 
for the Nations Cup sta n dings 
and not for individual Worm 
Cbp points, lacks the prestige of 
a full World Cup race but was 
nevertheless a huge bonus for 
Stock. In the past he has been in 
the top three of World Cup 
events 16 times without ever 
firing the elusive first place. 

Stock has never been placed 
in the first 10 of a World Cup 
slalom race but yesterday he 
elim ina ted a series of slalom 
specialists, including Ingemar 
Stenmark, of Sweden, his 
compatriots Gflnther Mader 
and Mathias BerthoJd and 
Giega Benedik, of Yugoslavia. 

The race on the 400-mcire 
course was held over two legs. 
Stock nosed past Krizaj to take a 
narrow lead of 0.050sec after the 
first before producing a sensa- 
tionai second run to leave Kittm 
trailing in his wake. 

Michael Edcr, of We st Ge r- 
many. took third place after a 
run-off against Benedik. About 

15,000 spectators watdbed the 
race, tee first ever held in West 

RESULTS: Qu a rtei-ttwto: G Boned* 

L 1 stuck M Benedik. 0460: 

Krizte bt Eder. 0. W. TliWpteete Bder W 
generate. 0.821. Fteafc Stock bt Knot. 


Indians toil 
on a day 
of protests 

Carr will not be 
lost to the game 

D_ r_* nr 

By Ivo Tennant 

Nagpur, (Reuter) — A stone- 
throwing crowd and protests by 
the Sri Lankan players over a 
rain-drenched outfield marred 
the second day's play in the 
second Test against India 

Replying to Sri Lanka’s first 
innings score of 204, India 
began slowly after the start of 
play had been delayed for more 
than three hours and by the 
dose had struggled to 54 for one. 

Overnight showers had left 
the outfield slushy, forcing the 
umpires to postpone the start 
until after lunch. More than 20 
groundsmen with buckets and 
sponges cleared small pools of 
water on the outfield and 
sprayed dust on the affected 

But the Sri Lankan fielders 
complained the outfield was still 
slippery, which led to an argu- 
ment between Duleep Mendis, 

;hp Sr i T nnlfnn m pliiin, and the 

umpire P D Reporter. 

The interruptions irritated the 
crowd, who twice disrupted play 
by shouting and throwing small 
stones on to tee ground, sending 
Ravi Ratnayeke running for 
cover. At this stage, police 
rushed in to the eastern stand 
swinging dubs, but even as tee 
crowd calmed down, (day was 
called off with six overs still to 
be bowled because of bad light. 

Earlier, the Indian spinners, 
Shi vial Yadav and Manioder 
Singh, had destroyed the Sri 
I anlran batting, firing right 
wickets between them as the 
tourists tumbled to 204 all out. 

S Wetfinuny c Aiiuuutli bSftarma 6 

J R Retnayake c iSfcwtrt i h Kb^Dpv . 1? 

A Gurusfrnhe c Amamatfi b 

R L Dtes b ManMer Stagh 

P A da Stva taw b Yadav 

A Ranatunga c Amamatfi b Yadav 
L R t) MercSs c Sriklranth 


Four contenders 

Tokyo (AFP) - Four 
ncse cities have now asked the 
Japan Olympic Committee to 
endorse their bids to stage the 
I 99 g Winter Olympics. Asar 
hikawa. on Japan’s nortoem- 

Is the latest city to submit a bid 
in the committee, which will 
wail until 1989 before choosing 
japan's sole candidate. The 
tJee other cities are Nagano, m 
Ihejopanese Alps north west of 

Tokyo and the wo provracuii 
ranitals of Monoka and Yama- 
-aS, in the north of Japans 
island of Honshu. . 

bManindar Start 1 

B R Jtranpaflw b Mantadsrangh 0 

GdsAMscVbngsartcerb Yadov 1 

R J Ramayefca no) out — — 32 

EARdeSfeaeStastrtbYadav 16 

Bctras (b 2, lb l.ob 11 ... 4 

Total 204 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-7. 2-38, 3-52. 4-66, 
5-105.6-110. 7-110. 8-129,9-160. 10204. 
BOWLINS: KzpU Dev 10-3-29-1, CtMan 
S terms ManMer Start 20-6- 

56-3, State) Yadav 19.1-4-76%, Ravi 
Shastri 5-2-U-a 

INDIA: Rrtt tantags 
KSfMcambcDe AMs 

bRumeshRamayake . 4 

ft M Lanfta not out 19 

M Amamaft not out 26 

Extras (nb 5} — . — 5 

Total flwkt), 



S M Gavaskar. O B Ven g s art ar, R J 
Shastri. Kapil Dev. ftC S Hon, H S 
Yadav. C SStiarma and Mantader Start 

BOWLING (to data): Ratnayaks 7-2-21-1, 
Ramayeka ii-3-iB-0. Ranatunga S-l-4-0, 
De Sfiva 44-1-1 M). Jwangpatny 2-0-3-CL 

Donald Cut, who on reaching 
tee age of 60 yesterday retired as 
secretary of the Test and COunty 
Cricket Board, has been the 
most devoted of cricketing 
adiiiiahlulimi in the most 
demanding of times. His diplo- 
macy has been a byword within 
the game. 

The demise of the amateur; 
tee changing status of MCC; the 
advent of the TCCB; Packer’s 
efrens; South Africa; Carr has 
been through and survived them 
aiL Bet do not ask him, as some 
have done, how cricket admin- 
istration can keep him busy 
durfog the dose season. 

He played for England and 
captained teem once; yet in 17 
seasons with Derbyshire he won 
only a handful of Test caps. The 
War and army service had 
something to do with it: he 
missed the “golden summer’ of 
1947 and was, anyway, merely 
glad to be alive. At the time, 
death made for more vivid 
statistics *!»" runs. 

Carr had played in schoolboy 
r ep res en ta ti ve matches in 1944 
and was thought of as one of the 
most promising of his generation 
who survived tee war. In 1945, at 
the age of 18, he was chosen as a 
late replacement for England to 
play Australia in die Victory 
Test at Lord’s. 

“It was a frightening experi- 
ence. Squadron Leader Ham- 
mond was captain and thought I 
was tire team's bags carrier. He 
did not pay much attention to 
me. So I was eternally grateful to 
Squadron Leader Edrich when 
he s heated from the other end of 
the dressing room: 1 think we 
have met before*. I loved him 
ever after,” said Carr. 

“I had to bat in the gloaming 
against Keith Miller. I was none 
too confident as he had just 
dismissed Len Hatton. He 
wished me good lock and I 
expected to be given one off the 
mark. Yet the test ball thudded 
mto tee wicketkeeper's gloves. 
Next ball I was pushing oat 
before be began his run- bp-” 

Carr made a top score in Tests 
oT76, scored more than 19,000 
runs in first-class cricket and 
captained England for one Test 
in India in 1951-1 He was an 
Oxford Bine for three years, a 
competent bowler, an excellent 
dose to tee wicket fielder and a 
county captain who Kked to 

Carr was not once paid to play 
cricket. Yet he knew that, as 
MCCs role as a private dnb 
governing cricket bad become 

Rebels wilt 
in pace 

Cam retiring from TCCB 

anachronism by the 1960s. 
“Amateurism could never con- 
tinue since very few cricketers 
had private means. It has been 
unfortunate for the game that 
amateurs had to go. I know of a 
number of cases in which it has 
been difficult for professionals 
to captain others whom they 
have grown op with." 

Carr had to seek a living to 
enable him to canrinne to play 
cricket He became assistant 
secretary and then secretary of 
Derbyshire before be was ap- 
pointed assistant secretary of 
MCC in 1962. Then, MCC ran 
the E amp 

It was not long after Can- 
arrived that the Sports Council 
determined that MCC, a private 
dab, would not receive public 
funds. The TCCB was formed 
and, in 1974, Our became its 

The aspects of Carr's work be 
has enjoyed the most have been 
those which have dealt with the 
playing of the game. He adores 
Lord’s and has accepted an 
invitation to join the Middlesex 
Committee. What with that and 
his son, John, being on the 
Middlesex staff Carr, recently 
appointed OBE, will be at 
headquarters as much as on the 
golf course next summer. 

Although officially retired, his 
final duties as secretary of the 
TCCB will be to partiripate in 
talks with tee Australian 
Cricket Board daring tee im- . 
minent one-day matches in 

The discussions will indode 
topics brought op at theTCCB's 
winter meeting — over rates, 
excessive bomcers, the World 
Cop. His most pleasmable task, 
teongh. will be to.watcfa his son 
teaching 11 -year-old girls in 
Canberra bow to bowl over-arm. 
It will be bad: to the basics afro* 

Johannesburg (Renter) — 
An undefeated 54 by Hughes, 
tee captain, and 49 from 
Wessels foiled to save the 
Australian rebels from losing 
their first five-day inte rn a ti onal 
match against Sooth Africa by 
49 nms with a day to spare. 

The Australians made a brave 
attempt to score the 295 nms 
required for victory hot the five- 
man South African pace attack 
proved too strong. 

A dubious umpiring decision 
which saw Taylor caught behind 
for eight when television replays 
appeared to show his bat missed 
tee tall had a decisive effect on 
the game. At that stage, the 
rebels were 156 for four with 
victory loo Ling a distinct 
possibility bnt the task proved 
too much for Hagbes and tee 
Australian tafl. 

SOUTH AFRICA: first Innings 254 (C E 
Rra 61 : R J McCwtiy 6 for w). 

Second Innings 

S J Cook c Rixon b McCurdy 1 

BJWNtNaURjwb Maguire 

P N Kirsten c Rocon b Maguire _ 
S M McMOan Bw b Maguire . 

*C E Rico C Rixon b Maguira . 

— 23 
_ 19 
_ 30 


- 40 

K A McKenzie IbwbMaguru — 

A J Kauris c Haysman b Magure 
fD J Reftardson c Rucoo 

b Rackemann 33 

G S Le Roux c Rbcon b Rackemam — 0 

H A Page not out 7 

S T Jatferies c Rixon b Rackemann _ 0 

Extras (b 1 . b 6. w 2. nb 1 ) 



FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2, 2-34, 3-4fl, 4-92, 
5-103.6-115. 7-153. 8-173. 9-182, 10-182. 
BOWLING: McCurdy 19-4-58-1; 
Rackemann 1 9-4-54-3; Maguira 29-12-61- 
6; Faulkner 2-O-2-0. 


SB Smith cRWiardsonb Rice 29 

J Dyson b Jefferies 5 

K C Wessels c MeMSan b Le Roux — 0 
*K J Hughes Kw b Le Roux 34 

M O Taylor c Richardson b Rice 
M D Haysman b Page 
P l Faulkner b 

tS J Rixon tow b 

J N Maguire c Richardson b Rice 
R J McCurdy not out 

C G Rackemann b Rica 

— 9 
„ 25 

— 0 




Extras (b 7. Ib9.nb7.w1j 

- 24 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-20. 2-24, 3-51, 4- 
93. 5-99. 6-125. 7-125. 8-137. 9-137, ID- 

BOWLING: La Roux 11-4-25-2 Jefferies 
90-29-1; Page 17-3-393: Rica 196-194; 
McMSan 9-3-14-0: Kourie 2-2-0-0. 

SSmltnc McKenzie b 
J Dyson e Kourie 

Second mn nos 


K Vteseis c Richardson b Paga . 
M Haysman c Koitae b Page — 
*K Hughes not out 

M Tsytor o Ric har dson o Rice . 

P Faulkner c McKenna b McMillan 8 

tS Rixon 0 PagB 16 

J Maguire c Richardson b Rice 3 

R McCurdy b Jefferies — — — 0 

C Rackemann c McKenzfe b Rice 12 

Extras (t> 15, nb 9. w 2) 



od^ated, so the amateur was decades of c ha ng e. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-48. 2-57. .3-107. 4- 
143. 5-156.6-169. 7-199.9219. 9-224.10- 

BOWLMG: Le Roux 14-939-0. Jefferies 
17-5-42-1, Rice 18 1-4-37-3. Page 20-3- 
53-2, McMillan 152-44-3, Kouna 11-6-15- 

1- l 


New-found spirit laced 
by the boot of Wallace 

By George Ace 

Three penalties in the second 
half by Geoff Wallace earned 
CTVMS a narrow victory over 
NWC at Belmont. Trailing 4-9 
at the interval, CTYMS went 
nine points in arrears shortly 
after the restart but the new- 
found determination and spirit 
which have been much in 
evidence in the ranks of the 
Belmont dub this season ag a in 
surfaced and the nine points 
from the boot of Wallace saw 
them snatch victory by one try 
and three penalties to one goal 
and two penalties. 

Another treble, this time by 
Stephen Reid, the Collegians 

stand-off baff helped to bury 
Qneen's University at Upper 
Malone. The old boys of Meth- 
odist College, Belfast, ran in 36 
points and conceded a solitary 
penalty in a match in which the 
scoreline said it aiL 
Baagor lost Mark McAll, their 
stand-off half, in tbe first half 
with concussion in the co Down 
derby with Airis and sub- 
sequently the match. Two sec- 
ond-half penalties by Garth 
Callow — he kicked two and a 
conversion in tbe first period — 
changed an interval 14-12 
scoreline in favour of Bangor 
into a 14-18 deficit 




CHK2WELL: InvRatai 10 tales crass co m - 
bjM. A CattonJWord). 57 nan 31 sec 2 . G 

Pis? fr*™? Rpd Wa-^8 4. Toronto Map* 

(flfonQ, 5759; a G Hamw (CtwHtt- 
lofdL 5329. Tesax 1. Wort, note; 2, 
Burton. 24: 3. Woodtart Great. 2a Wtansra 

1. A Hazes (Hatowt. 6729: 2.TBUI Wort). 
Tester (Wort). 67.56 

7329. aP .... 

CMGWELL HOW ABriaOcs East 5 x 3-fltae 
cra s s co u nt ry relay: 1. GEC Avionics. 74n*i 
46see 2. Newham and Essex Beagles, 75.14; 
3 Wort 7843. Fastest lap: S Fury [GEC 



2. New 
8. St 
fS 4. 

race: 1, DSwatalMgraw). tomta 3Ssec;2. G 
iRBkbons (Boxhra, 3051; & C Walker [Qatas- 
haafo 31.01. Veteratt M Duff (AMershoQ, 

. Women: C Horae (Crawley). 3544. 

ft Kernses Wkabto- 

doe SK-erie cross c ou ntry: 1, O Anderson, 
76mn 34 mc; 2. M FuSer, 17.03: 3. P WStams, 
17 10 . 

CHORLEY: lOtaa toed race: 1. C EtoMrs 
xhjrd CM. 30nW 38sec 2, A Ofcell (SateL 
.03: 3, I rastfeOiwitB (Copeland), 31.17. 
Ve teran : C Lagti (Wigan), 3222. 
nVEFTTOffc 7mte road race 1. T CoMns 


CzaraSLOtf AMA: Wortd fcador fiaidf 2M 

■MS IK I. I 

In 49sac: 2. M Hewer (Exeter), 
rite (ExnrauttiL 39.19. Twk 1. 
x 2. Exeter, fe 3. Torbay, 67. 


gorter^. *toec 2.M Hewer j 

Partca ( 

nwrion. Septs; 2. Exeter. 62: 3. Torbay. 
Women: K Wnde (Torbay). 45.00. 

BBBE N OBTHBHN LEAGUE: Hrat ttotetora 
Bowdman antJ IS, Ashton 7: Cheadte 

14. 0 Wacon tons A; Q ajyjbrdtenn' i, 

S***pon 4 o Hub 


Mersey 14; 

Urmston 10, MeSor 9. 

Hubneians B: 


(HBAt Detroit Pistons 121. Golden State 
Warr i ors 106: Dallas Mavericks 123. Denver 
Nuggets 121: Boston OeUcs 122. fVioenlx 


Suns 112; Los Angeles Lakers 134. Houston 
; Seattle St 

Rackets ill; 

Anpsies uppers 107; 



113. Los 


112. Saturday: 
Warriors 1C 

New jersey wet. 

Hawks 1 19. Goaten State Warriors 108; New 



btOC am poras o 

Jersey Nets 120, Ctewland Cavaliers 111; 

New to - ------ - • — 

fork Ktecks 114, M k wnAo e Bucks 100: 

DORM Pistons 107. WaOTnaon Btetets 105: 
CMcago Bifts 105. intsana racers f ‘ 

Mavancks 123. Phoentar Sun 97: Dewar 
Nuggets 108, San Antonio Spun 106: Urti 
Jazz 103. Houston Rockets 96: Boston 
CeOcs 114. Los Arabs cuppers 10J: 

7Bara 99. S a cra me nto King 


RZnjbakovfl | 

N Morgues { 

_ — — P TrebBisri be 

> tongs 95* 

ffeaic France 89. Brazil 86: Yugoslavia 96. 
Amancan Afl-stare 90. 

Bubka’s award 


dhtttan: GUKfort 1. Hounslow 2 Leagwe 
Btechnemh 0. St Mans 2. Weybndge Hawks 
2. Surbtnn 5 

DUNDEE: tatoer ttw raaiaw : Onup fc 
Moray Inter na tional Metals 4. pianis-Mer- 
ctan £ Beckenham 4. Roses 13; Murray 
kweme tonal MatsSs 11. Beckenham 3. Bex- 
us-Macar 4, Roses 4; Becksnham B.Ptekus- 
MerctaiT 4; Rosas 7. Murray international 
Metals 5. droop B: MenztesM 5. 
mcktoanston TraHera a F lrabmnas 1. fro- 
rvngen ft Menaesrt* 7. FwaoranOs ft Gro- 
nngen 5. Mnpen8nn TraBara 4; ManziesM 
8, Grontngm 3. Ftabrands 4, tnraepcnsni 

Moscow (AFP) — Sergei 
Bubka, the pole vault world 
record holder, has been voted 
Soviet sportsman of the year for 
the third time in a row. Bubka, 
aged 23, finished top in a poll of 
Soviet sports writers ahead of 
Igor Belanov, the Dynamo Kiev 
footballer, Igor Zheeiezovski. 
the ice skater, Yuri 
Zakharovich, the weigiulifter, 
and Gary Kasparov, the world 
chess champion. 




O fnia kina kl/wvl nf Uancrers Bowyer’s century 


Roberts a true blue blood of Rangers 

By CEre White 

The new captain of The 
Rangers emerged from the 
dignified and incongruous 
splendour of the club's foyer 
into the dreary street to the 
resounding cheers of his 
followers. There are few celeb- 
rities in Glasgow more popu- 
lar these days than the 
Englishman, Terry Butcher. 

wading his way kne&deep 
through his younger fans libs a 
gentle giant, after pains- 
takingly signing every scrap of 
paper in sight. Butcher de- 
clared; *Tm so happy here I 
wouldn't min d finishing my 
career with Rangers. The 
chairman wants me to sign for 
longer than my four-year 

For Butcher, who was 28 

n y. Rangers is home 
me as ft is for four 
other Sassenachs, Colin West, 
Chris Woods. NeU Woods 
and, most recently, Graham 
Roberts, who made an almost 
idyllic debut for the club on 
Saturday in a 2-0 win against 
Dundee United which lifted 
them into second place behind 
Celtic in the premier division. 

The English international 
triumvirate of Woods, 
Butcher and Roberts provided 
the corne r stone of this Ibrox 
victory. Roberts helped create 
the fust goal and was in- 
directly responsible for the 

He admitted to being un- 
usually nervous during the 24 
hours leading up to the game. 
He wisely made a point of 
waving to supporters on either 
side of the ground during the 
warm-up and the response he 
got must have encouraged 

“T bad a good rapport with 
the crowd at White Hart Lane 
but they took their time 
supporting you. This lot are 
sin g in g from the first minute. 
They’re fantastic,” Roberts 
said, a sentiment with which 
Butcher and Woods agreed. 

Roberts's first contribution 
was a throw-in from which the 
ball slipped out of his hands 
straight to an opponent 
“Don’t tell me we've paid 
£450,000 for a long-throw 
specialist'* one dubious critic 
said Three minutes later. 

Roberts, with a foot carelessly 
high, left Sturrock writhing on 
the ground “Great player,” 
the same critic exclaimed 
Given room by a defensive 
performance from Dundee 
United, Roberts was able to 
demonstrate to the. home 
supporters the more creative 
qualities which Tottenham 
Hotspur eventually extracted 
from this former dock worker. 
His accurately flighted bah to 
the head of McCoist just 
before half-time deserved a 
more successful finish but two 
minutes into the second half 

his view of how Rangers 
would do in the English first 
division from “quite well” to 
“very well”. The feet that he 
was one of few English players 
to go up and watch the Sfcol 
Cup final earlier in the season 
was noted appreciatively. 

The Englishmen have 
dearly been taken aback by 
the reception they have been 
given. Butcher has settled 
quickly. Even his parents are 
th miring of moving north of 
the Bolder. Woods, who ar- 
rived before Butcher, still has 
half his furniture in storage 

the Scots were given a taste of and Roberts moves temporar- 
vintage Roberts, as rough and ily into a club house next 

potent as unrefined whisky. 

. Surging out of defence, he 
harassed MclnaUy into error 
and chased a back-pass all the 
way to Thomson, tire goal- 
keeper, who inevitably lost 
out in the brawny head-on 
confrontation. The ball re- 
bounded to McCoist, who this 
time accepted his new team 
colleague’s offering. Roberts 
celebrated as though Rangers 
had been in his blood since 

Not a moan from 
the 42,000 crowd 

Butcher also took the 
opportunity to make amends 
with the second goal In the 
25th minute he had strayed 
offside when Souness, the 
player-manager, making a rare 
appearance between transfer 
coups, drove a shot beneath 
the body of Thomson which 
did nothing to help stop the 
jibes about Scottish 

If Butcher’s popularity was 
ever in doubt we would have 
known about it then. But there 
was not a single moan from 
the 42,000 crowd. Now, after 
Roberts had been fouled, he 
stroked a free kick to the far 
post for McCoist to flick on a 
back-header and Fleck to 
drive home. When the final 
whistle blew Roberts again 
wisely applauded the doting 

He continued to do and say 
all the right things at the after- 
match press conference, sen- 
sibly u prating by the end of it 

Wednesday caught 
on the rebound 

By David Powell 

Sheffield Wednesday 0 
Liverpool 1 

If there is one thing harder 
I than a match against Liverpool, 
it is a match against Liverpool 
when they have just been 
beaten. Some 26 months have 
passed since the champions last 
suffered two successive league 
defeats and this season they 
have been especially merciless 
to those trying to kick them 
while they are down. 

At Hillsborough on Saturday, 
Sheffield Wednesday were the 
latest to feel the reverberations. 
Needing a win themselves to 
regain a foothold on the 
championship ladder, they star- 
ted resolutely but fell to the type 
of goal that Rush scares and 
others miss. 

It may be no consolation to 
Wednesday, but at least they 
kept the score down to one. 
Liverpool's previous league de- 
feats this season (and they came 
to Sheffield after the most 
stinging, a home reverse against 
Manchester United) have been 
fbUowed by three, four, five and 
six-goal performances. 

It was a dour game, played on 
a chilly rain-swept afternoon, 
Oiuminated only by Rush's goal 
and spasms of skill from Walsh 
and McMahon. Had it not been 
for his bright yellow tie and 

First division 

Arsenal 1 Southampton 0 

C hateau 4 AstonVOa 1 

CowntryCrtr 4 Tottenham 9 

Manchester Utd 0 Norwich City 1 

Oxford United 0 OPR 1 

Sheffield Wed 0 Liverpool 1 

Watford 1 Newcastle Utd 0 

West Ham Utd 2 Wfcnbtocton 3 


CHARLTON (1) 5 MAN CITY (0) 0 

Wafsh 2, Melrose, 7,697 


Heath2, WUdnsan. Moran 
OTWBog.Sheedy 39,730 


Clough, Bowyer BSterii.Newei 

P W D L F A Pts 

Arsenal 2213 6 3 36 11 45 

Everton 2212 5 5 43 20 41 

jwrpool 2211 5 6 40 23 38 

Nottingham For 2211 4 7 45 31 37 

NorvwSiCrty 2210 7 5 31 31 37 

faKOnfinm 2210 5 7 35 27 3S 

Coventry City 21 9 6 6 24 22 33 

SonTmrn 22 9 6 7 24 23 33 

SStort 22 9 5 8 38 26 32 

Sheffield Wdd 22 8 8 6 36 30 32 

mrtbledon 2210 210 30 28 32 
West Ham Uld X 8 7 7 W 39 31 

3PR 22 7 6 9 23 27 27 

XordUnitBd 22 6 8 8 25 36 26 

danctastar Utd 22 6 7 9 28 26 25 

SjflTampton 21 7 311 35 42 24 

Sariton 22 6 511 24 32 23 

tetrtVaa 22 6 511 30 47 23 

Manchester aty 2? S 710 22 33 22 

22 5 710 25 41 22 
teveastteUtd 22 5 611 23 36 21 

jfcestorCity 22 5 611 24 38 21 





ll ftttpert 



1 Southport 
0 Bangor City 

3 rawf 

4 Qamshoraug 
0 Chari** 

2 Mattock 
2 Hyde 

0 Wilton 

matching breast-pocket hand- 
kerchief Howard Wilkinson, 
the Wednesday manager, would 
also have fitted neatly into the 
overall funereal impression. 

Summing up. Liverpool with 
only a couple of near misses by 
McMahon, had looked no more 
likely to score than Wednesday 
— for whom Hirst faded with 
two presentable chances. Then, 
on 65 minutes. Whelan picked 
out Rush from the half-way line 
and pat him into space. Hodge 
rushed out where his defenders 
feared to tread and the open 
invitation to steer wide of the 
goalkeeper and into a beckoning 
net was accepted without fuss. 

Kenny Dalglish, the Liver- 
pool manager, had admitted 
after defeat by United the 
previous day that it was a 
mistake to play Molby in de- 
fence and thus restored him to 
midfield. Wilkinson offered no 
admission of error after making 
four changes from the team 
narrowly beaten by Manchester 
City on Boxing Day. It will be 
interesting to see if he has 
second thoughts for the game 
against Norwich City on New 
Year’s Day. 

Morris. N WbtHmtm, I KnkjfcL L Mad- 
dun, Q Sruxtn, S Jonsson, A Gregory. L 
Chapman. D Hirst (sub: C Shut#. M 

LIVERPOOL: B Grobbetaan G Gillespie. J 
Begin, M Lawrenson, R Whelan. A 
Hansen. P Watert. B Venison, I Rush. J 
Moby. S McMahon. 

Referee: K Barratt 

Second division 

Brighton 1 Readng 1 

Docfcy County 3 Barnsley 2 

HudtMrofleidTn s BradtardCSty 2 
HuflCfty 0 BtackbwnRvra 0 

Ipswich Town 3 Crystal Pal 0 
Oldham Adi 0 Leeds United 1 
Stake City 5 Sheffield Utd 2 
S un derl a nd 0 QrknahyTown 1 
West Bro mwich 0 Plymouth Argyle 0 

Derby County 22 13 4 5 33 20 43 

Portsmouth 21 12 6 3 28 15 42 

Oldham Ath 21 12 5 4 35 20 41 

Ipswich Town 2210 7 5 38 25 37 

RynxjuthArgyie 22 9 8 5 32 26 35 

Leeds United 2210 4 8 29 28 34 

Stoke City 2210 3 9 38 25 33 

Wrist Bromwich 22 S 5 8 29 23 32 

Sheffield Utd 22 8 7 7 31 30 31 

Crystal Pal 2210 111 31 37 31 
Grimsby Town 22 7 9 6 22 24 30 

fcHhva* 20 8 4 8 25 20 28 

Birmingham City 21 7 7 7 29 29 28 

Sundertand 22 6 9 7 28 28 27 

Shrewsbury Tn 21 8 310 20 28 27 

Brighton 22 6 7 9 23 27 25 

HufCSty 21 7 410 21 36 25 

Reading 21 6 6 9 31 38 24 

Huddersfield Tn 20 8 311 26 38 21 

Bradford City 21 5 412 3 41 19 
BteddMTiRns 20 4 511 17 27 17 
Barnsley 21 3 711 17 27 18 

FA VASfcTIwd round raptors: Torringtan 
0. Abingdon Town 3: Halesowen 2. 
Wanon 0- 

vWaiK Barking 0. St Afcans ft Bognor 
Regis 8. Walt h ams to w i: Carshaton 1. 

WblringharnO;DufiirichHarrfatZ Bishop's 

Stortlord 4: Harrow Borough 1. Hayes Z 
Hltcfttn 3. Famborough 1; Tooting and 
Mtcham 1. worthing if aougft 1. Bromley 
3; Wycombe Wanderers 3. wngstonfem ft 
Yeorl 0, Croydon 1. Ftret diMM t 
Basidon 1. Walton and Horsham 1; 
Bracknell 6. Boraham Wood 0: Bjsom and 
gwe» 0, Oxford City 1; Finchley 2, Grays 2; 
Harruton l . Lewes 2: Leytonsfone ntora o, 
Lnattertnad 0; Southmek 3. BBencay 2: 
Starnes 1 , Layton Wingate ft Stowage 0, 

DUTHEflN LEAGUE Premier cftfetarr 
.yfesbury 3, Dudley 1: Bedwortn 3. 
Jroctxirch 1; BromscpcwB 3, Corby 2: 
awmwftnd 1, Snepshed Z Fisher 2. 
yawtoy 1: Folkestone 3. Bas i ngstoke 1; 
■raport 0. Dartford 1: Raddhcfi 5. 
ymenhafl T: Saksbisy 1. Cambridge City 
«■ WRney 2. Faraham 0. Mffiand division: 
{fan 2, Sutton Cofcffloid 2; Bridgnorth 2, 
fioumsw 3; Leicester United 3 nina Oak 
rovers 0: Moor Green 6. Rushden 1; 
(OUrbridge 3. vs Rugby 1; 
"fafingborough 0. Hedmstord 3. South- 
n oMmme Andover 0, Dover 2: 
-umham and HHfcigdan 0. Risskp 3: 
rantobuiv 0. Hastings 2; Chatham 0, 
TShtord ft Corinthian 2. Theiwt 1: 
miwwito i. Shemey 3; Foote 1. Dor- 
restor 3: Trowfemge 1. Ertth and 
Mveders Z waariooriile 1. Gravesend 
Id Noriftflset 1: Woodford 10. Tonbridge 

Hertford 3 He me) Hampstead 2, Hartaw 3; 
Letoftworih 1. Heybridge 4; Rartvam 2, 
Saffron Walden 3: Royston 1. 


The English defenders have 
brought some stability to 
Rangers, who were recording 
their seventh successive dean 

sheet “We’re very composed 
at the back. It's going to take 
an exceptional team to break 
us down,” Woods said. 

Souness, with his vast 
knowledge of European foot- 
ball, is rumoured to be looking 
to add a dash of Continental 
attacking flair to the mixture 
in his attempt to turn Rangers 
into a truly European force. 
English dubs, suspended in 
isolation, can only look on 

“I've come to a dub which 
can be the greatest in the 
world,” Butcher said. “Foot- 
ball is more of a spectator 
sport here. It's a merveUous 
environment to play in, 
fiercely competitive. You 
don't get much time on the 
ball and, of course, everybody 
wants to beat you. You’ve got 
to be on your toes.” 

As someone remarked, it is 
a great time to be a Celtic 
player you can beat Rangers 
and England on the same day. 
After three failures this season 
Celtic get the chance to put the 
theory to the test again at 
Ibrox on New Year’s Day. 

RANGERS: C Woods G Roberts. S 
Munro. G Soules*. D McPherson, T 
Butcher, O Ferguson, R Ftock. A McColaL 
I Durant. DCoaoar. 

DUNDEE UMTIsDt W Thomson; M 
MaforiS. G MoGtoris. J Mctoafly. D 
Beaumont D Naray, I Ferguson (sub: J 
KJnnaird), J Ho#, E Banion. P Stumor*, J 
Page (sub: D Bowman). 

RefaraK G B Smith. 

is timely relief 
for frantic Forest 

By Dennis Shaw 

Nottingham Forest—-. 2 
Lut on Town- — ■— 2 

Two teams with high-flying 
ambitions met each otheron the 
rebound from Boxing Day de- 
feats to produce a result that was 
the roughest of rough justice. 

with Forest salvaging the 
equaliser in injury time. 

Having kteked-offin search™ 

victory to get back in touch with 

the top of the table, Forest were 
forced to settle for fiantic 
survival- _ 

It came in the shape oi 
Bowyer. their captain, with his 
1 00th league goaL “I saw the 90 
minutes shining on the elec- 
tronic scoreboard and I thought 
we would get nothing,” he said. 

To describe Luton’s draw as 
lucky would be uncharitable 
since they did muster two 
perfectly good goals. Ye t, tha t 
apart, the scoreline nus-repre- 
sented the game. 

Tbe contrast between the two 
performances was startling. For- 
est attacked feverishly from the 
first kick to the last, yet tr aded 
twice. Conversely, Luton were 
forced to defend, often with ten 
men in their own area, yet 
conjured two goals like rabbits 
from a magician's top-haL 
The tone was set by Forest 
when Webb had a ‘goaT dis- 
allowed early on: Luton then 
went ahead through a pm-bau 
affair. Grimes’ comer found its 

wav into the net by means of 
ricochet headers by ^ < ^ and 

then Brian Stemdn tSffirvt 

Harford was back for fus fust 
game of the season and that 
lethal head of his had made us 
mark within 13 minutes. How- 
ever he had little dance to .offer 

more since Forest had the ball 

most of the tunt f 

Ironically, this barrage oi 
Forest attacking took anhourio 
provide an equaliser- All else 
had failed when Walker went on 
a long ran out of defence to feed 
the mercurial Carr. 

It was appropriate be should 
be involved since he had 
beavered energetically 'through 
out Carr’s shot hit Campbell 
and rebounded for Nigel Clough 
to stab in. . . 

At last it seemed Forest could 
search for the win to keep pace 
with Everton, in action else- 
where. In troth, though, U was 
lucky Luton at it again when a 
long upheld punt by Sealey 
released Newell who galloped 
forward and beat Segers. 

Bowyer’s equaliser was a 
hopeful 20 -yard wallop through 
a crowded goalmouth. What 
Forest bad needed most of all 
was a measure of composure to 
control all that dash. 

NOTmtoHAM FOREST: h Sagers. Q 
Banring. S Fores. D Water, C 
Fairhough. i Bowyer, f Carr. N Webb, N 
CtougfuD CamobelL G MBs. 

LUTON TOWN: L Sedov, T Braackor, R 
Johnson, P Mchotes, S Foster. M 

I.M Harford. A Grim 

Drake might have 
broken the duck 

McGinnis and gemns: Roberts (right), tbe new toast of Ibrox (Photograph: Tom Kidd) 

Brown’s view a 
waste of time 

A glimmer of hope 
boosts Chelsea 

By Vince Wright Arsenal have stretched their 

unbeaten ran to 17 matches and 

_i -i Highbury is proving a graveyard 

Arsenal--.-. 1 for visitors. There is a solid look 

Southampton tl about them that invites 

— „ " ■■ . . _ _ ~~ comparisons with tbe 1971 

Ted Drake and Reg Lewis, ,^ gm piwhi p ^ >«m if 

great goal-scorers of yesteryear, thpy are to win the title again it 
were among many former Arse- as though they will do so 

na! players introduced to the from the front, 
crowd at half-time as part of the The one-sided nature of 

club's centenary celebrations. It Saturday’s contest was mostly of 
was tempting to suggest that Southampton’s making. Having 
both of them should have been been beaten at home by Chelsea 
sent on against Southampton ^ Boxing Day and with 
because the one thiiffi teat Shilton, Dennis, Bond and Ann- 
Arsenal could not do in tbe first strong gj] injured, it was hardly 
half was score. surprising that their «nnm ann 

half was score. 

Arsenal's bad luck continued 

survivaL Southampton 

By Nicholas Hading 

Manchester United 0 

Norwich City 1 

feces a problem finding a pairing 
for the fixtures against New- 
” castle and Southampton. Either 
0 Stapleton, who dropped back to 
, 1 partner Garton, or Duxbuzy, 
— who has played there before, 
of seems the obvious solution to 

By Simon Jones 


Aston Villa .... 


If tbe saddest sight of seems tbe obvious solution to 
Saturday's match was seeing line up alongside Garton. 

Bryan Robson again escorted off „ . „ . 

the field witba hamstring L Having to reorganize was one 
injury, the second mastdS for Unitrf. Finding tbem- 
appointing aspect was that Nor- £LS?£ * 

for “playing with discipline and 

authority,’ as Ken Brown, their plight might have settled 
manager put it This was after ^_Pi!^ 1II f t 0 ^ n ? 1X j?' 
blatant time-wasting by their mother. It mb m the a 1st 
goalkeeper wS mfimated , nunulc foat Gordon ublned the 

among others, Alex Ferguson. ^JhoS 11 low 

the United manager, for whom 

it was a first home defeat. 

Bui when, like Norwich, you 
have never won at Old TraJBord 
and your last League goal on the 
famous ground was nine visits 
ago. back in 1976, you probably 
believe you are entitled to resort 

to Gilverhouse. whose low 
centre was met by Drinkril's 
plunging header. 

Drinkell was seen to blot his 
copybook with a tackle on 
Suachan that earned him a 
booking. It was from Stracban 
that United created most of 
their chances, none of which 

to Whatever means, however we re as good as that from which 
dubious, to achieve your result Davenport put Gibson through 

Norwich might not have been fithp nSnJ 

presented with their chance bad spreadeagled body in tbe closing 

Robson not hurt himself trying mmulfis - 
to dispossess Crook. Robson Manchester umtede g wawt; j 
seemed to be in the middle of Stats*. c <*«*». n WMtestfe. w 
providing further confirmation oS ) , U Q D &? p 

providing further confirmation aaieriL osfnldL 
that be is made for the role of DawaworiJOfean. 
^ual defender when his jinx Norwich citc b< 
returned. a stawim. s a 

With Moran. He 
McGrath missing. 

Third division 

gg and 

NORWICH CITC BGum; I Cutartnuae, 
A Staving. S Baku. M Rwtan, I 
ButteiwC I Crook. K MrtkaB. W 
B^gtrc, R R osario, D Gordon. 

RvrercR T Simpson. 

Fourth division 

Chelsea can look forward to 
1987 with some encouragement, 
having saved up their best 
performance of the old year 
until its last Saturday. A game 
which on paper had promised 
about as much flu as a visit to 
the dentist, turned out to be 
surprisingly entertaining 

Though it was by no means a 
classic, Chelsea had that little 
piece of luck which so often 
deserts teams which are strug- 
gling. In tbe seventh minute, the 
home side having made a 
typically edgy opening, the ref- 
eree awarded a penalty when 
Keown did no more than ran 
into Nevin's heels. Spademan, 
at least, showed no nerves as be 
took an almost perfect spot- 
kick, hitting the ball hard into 
the roof of the net. 

After that start tbe Aston 
Villa goalkeeper, Spink, could 
have been excused for seeming 
rather dazed and, midway 
through the first half, be found 
himself further disorientated af- 
ter a fierce challenge from 
Speedie. For some minutes he 
wandered around clutching his 
head like someone who had 
been to one party too many. 

A minute before tbe interval 
Dixon prodded in his first goal 

r nt hAllP ^ ^ 73rd nlinut f’ °y were further handicapped when 

VV J. fl M l F 1,113 ume they were running out of lbe j r honing scorer, Clarke, 
* ideas and tlte home supporters ^ent off with a susp ected dis- 

’"'fl were growing impatient. It foaied toe midway through the 

riAl6£Kl needed a touch of inspiration to first half 

^11V13VA unlock Southampton's resolute Nicholas, playing his first foil 

defence and it was Williams, n mu £ ^ the end of 

for 12 .League games, the ball ^cing his old dub, who pro- September, was involved in 
having ricocheted around the it. every dangerous Arsenal move 

six-yard box as if h were in a Receiving the ball m space during this period. There was a 

pinball machine. From that alyut 30 yar ds ou t, he advanced fierce left-foot drive on the turn 
moment Chelsea began to re- a few paces before i mtea sn i n ga -which Nixon saved splendidly 
discover their zest. They humdinger of a shqtwmcn brat ^ equally force effort with 
shrugged off the earlier loss of Nixon and rebounded from the jfis right, after Quinn’s clever 
McLaughlin and opted for post to Quinn, who seized on knockdown, which flashed 
containing Villa while looking the chance to score his srthgoaJ wide. But it was an 

for oDDOrtunities to counter- m nine games. exauisite back-bed that set Eta- 

containing Villa while looking 
for opportunities to counter- 
attack at speed. 

Tbere could have been no 
better illustration of the power 
of confidence than the fourth 
Chelsea goal — Pates having 
headed in their third when 
Spink somehow got lost on the 
way out for Wegerle's corner. 
Speedie had the entire Villa 
defence moving to the right as 
be turned to the left and when 
his cross came over Dixon, no 
longer weighed down by un- 
certainty, jumped to score with 
something like his old authority. 

So Chelsea move off the 
bottom of the table as Villa drop 
closer to it But tbe Midlanders 
should not panic Though their 
defenoe'is becoming worryingly 
fallible again, their football is 
tidy and thoughtful, as they 
demonstrated in a late goal by 

CHELSEA: E Medzwteckq D Wood. K 
Dutfn. C Pates. J McLwghfet (sub: G 
Dune). J Bumstead, P Nertn, N 

in nine games. exquisite back-bed that set Da- 

This was just reward for the vis free which wiD remain in the 
tell, lanky forward who* BKnmym 
becoming a real handful for 

some of the country’s most ^ AndwwK 

experienced d^deralffo §E5 ^p^nq^nw££ 
mai n ta in s tins rate of progress m Hayes (sub: lAanson). 
he could yet save Arsenal's Q , e 

manager. Geoige Graham, an gSK ?SdSJT?CiiSteS i 
excursion into the transfer v u 

market. Ra 

Bbke. J Case; M Wright J GWsns. G 
Hobson. G Cockers. C Oarta (nfe G 
LswrancuL S Baker, DWalaoe- 

Goram and Fightbacks 
Day keep make for a 
Leeds alive good show 

Okftiam Atiifetic. 
Leeds United^. 



ASTON VILLA: N Spmte G WMams. A 
Donoo, M Keown. PEDWL S Saunrod, P 
Bircfi (sub: A Daisy), G Thompson. A Gray, 
S Hurt. M WaBers. 

RateSK D AxceR. 

Scottish premier division Scottish first division 

B ournemouth 3 Mum 
Bristol City 2 WaisaS 
Buy 0 Notts County 

CararteUW 3 RoUnrtaraUtd 5 
Chester 1 Bleckpoal 4 

Oarflngtoa 1 Chesterfield 1 
Doncaster Rws a BotemWandrs 0 
GWndnm 1 Swinoon Town 3 
Mansfield Town 1 MkJdteSbcoagb 1 
Newport County 0 PortVate 2 

York City 1 Wigan Aib 1 


Cooke SmartMahew 


PW D L F A Pts 
Mttfesbrough 2213 8 3 35 17 45 

Notts County 2212 5 5 40 21 41 

GiUngham 2212 5 5 32 22 41 

Bournemouth 2012 3 5 33 25 39 

B&btpool 2110 8 3 39 21 36 

Swindon Town 2211 5 6 37 28 38 

Bristol City 2110 6 5 32 17 38 

Doncaster Rvts 21 9 4 8 32 28 31 

Wigan Ath 22 9 4 9 39 36 31 

Wateafl 22 9 4 9 41 40 31 

MansfieMTown 22 613 3 23 23 31 
cnestertiekt 22 8 6 8 35 39 30 

Fidham 22 6 8 8 32 37 28 

Rotherham Utd 22 7 411 27 36 25 

Bristol Rovws 20 6 6 8 25 33 24 

York City 22 6 610 27 <3 24 

Be a ton Wa ndra 22 6 511 32 37 23 

Brantford 21 8 510 25 32 23 

Bury 21 5 7 9 28 30 22 

Chester 22 313 6 24 33 22 

PortVate 21 5 610 29 33 21 

Darfogton 20 5 6 9 23 34 21 

Newport County 22 4 711 27 36 19 
CafSeUtd 22 S 413 22 38 19 


Hatrtsi Town 
P reston H-E ad 
Sc un thorp* Utri 
Sto ckp ort 

Samoa tty 

T orquay U td 
Tranmnre Rvts 

Notts County 



1 CotehesterUld 9 

4 Crows Alex 0 

3 Roctatete 1 

Preston N-Ead 0 HarttapoolUtd 0 

Sc u nthorp* Utd 2 UncotoCky 1 

3 P eta bo rou gh 1 

1 Hereford Utd 3 

2 Orient 2 

Trarimere Rvra 0 Wrexham 2 

Wolverhampton 2 Ezstertty 2 


Beck Penn y fa trier. Ha< 



Benjamin 3. Qbert Ptica 
B»n) 11,138 

PW D L F A Pts 
Nort ha mpt o n 2218 3 1 64 26 57 

Southend Uto 21 12 4 5 35 23 40 
Swansea tty 2210 6 6 31 25 36 

Wrexham 20 9 8 3 39 23 35 

Preston N-End 21 10 5 6 30 25 35 

Atiarahot 2210 3 9 32 31 33 

Exmertty 22 711 4 30 22 32 

Colchester UM 22 9 5 a 35 33 32 

Scunthorpe Utd 21 8 7 6 36 30 31 

Lincoln City 22 8 7 7 29 29 31 

Carddf tty 21 7 8 6 24 28 29 

Cambridge U« 22 7 7 8 3S 36 28 

HareloroUM 22 7 7 8 28 29 28 

TranmflfBRVTB 21 7 6 8 27 29 27 

Wolverhampton 22 8 311 22 29 27 

Burnley 22 7 510 27 34 

Paterftorough 21 6 7 8 26 27 25 

Halftax Town 22 7 411 28 33 25 

Orient 21 7 AID 2S 32 25 

Crewe Alex 22 5 9 8 32 37 24 



Dundee Utd 










Halftax Town 22 7 411 28 33 25 

Orient 21 7 AID 2S 32 25 

Crewe Alex 22 5 9 8 32 37 24 

Hartiepoof utd 21 4 9 a 20 27 21 


FirsKMetaKBMn Spartans 3. Bedteo- ^2Se 
ton is Chester fe Street 0. Brandon ft rvKnasB 
CrookaTowLawlEastoOTnaRyttope , 

1; Newcastie Blue Star 3. Coneettl; North 
StHkta 2. wrtitiey Bay Z Peteriee 2. 

Gretna 3; WMlby 2, Fernhfl 3. Postponed: “S®* 1 
Haniepool vSouffi Bank. Lstajard- 

Armthorpe Welfare 1, Boston 1; AnA s 
B mJkngton Trinity l, Sutton Town 2; Brim 

21 4 512 14 3S 17 
21 210 9 25 39 16 
20 2 9 9 17 30 15 

rtstax Bristol Manor Farm 1, Frame ft 
Mefcsham 1. Exmoutit ft Poaponed: 
Lfekaard Ath v Danfish. 

Bury 4. Soham Town Rangers 1; Clacton 
ft Braintree ft By Z. Bramtmn 3: 

Aberdeen 0 H a mi l ton 0 

Clydebank 1 Cattle 1 

Dundee t Wten tei 0 

Hearts 4 Fa&tt 0 

MothenreS 1 StMbnm 2 

Rangers 2 Dundee Ufcl 0 

PW D L F A Pta 
Celtic 2617 7 2 51 16 41 

Rangers 25 IS 4 5 46 14 36 

DtrictoeUtd 2615 6 5 42 21 38 

Hearts 2614 7 5 43 22 35 

Aberdeen 261210 4 37 18 34 

Dundee 2511 5 9 39 32 27 

StMkren 26 8 9 9 26 29 25 

Motherwell 26 5 912 25 40 19 

FaHrk 25 6 613 21 40 18 

Htoemtan 26 4 715 19 46 15 

Clydebank 26 4 616 20 52 14 

HamSton 25 1 618 17 55 8 

ESSEX LEAGUE: Senior Seaton: Brent- 
wood 1. ChemsJord ft East Ham 2, Eton 
Manor ft Ford 1, Woodford ft Hatstead 5. 
Brightfingsea 2: Maldor 5. Bumham 2; 
East Thurrock 0, Pirteet ft Stansted 0. 
Sawhridgewortii 1. 

mier (Melon: CHpstead 2. Cobham ft 
Chobriam Z WesrSeJO 1: Cove ft Ash 1: 

Crartet^i 2, Honey i; Farieigh Rovers 1,' 
Malden Town i: FMey Green 1, 
Godaiming Z Harttoy WMney Z Farnhsm 
1; Vngna Water ft Bte (Weytridge) ft 
Postponed: Malden Vato rWrin 
vtstorc Haywards Heath 3. Burgess HB ft 
Horsham YMCA 1, Three Bridges 1; 
MWutf and Eaaaboume 3, v&k ft 
Whitehawk 3, Peacehaven and 
Ttfcmnba 1. 

Totton ft teodeentam 1. StBynJng & 
Eastleigh ft WeBworthv 1: Havant ft 
Romsey ft Homdaan ft Road Sea ft 
lyntington 0. Slicing 1; N o wport ft 
Bournamoutii ft Thatram ft Portals 0. 
dWfstoo; Amersham 1. Brimsdown ft 

Queen of Sih 

East Fife 

1 D umba rt o n O 

0 East Fife 1 

1 Kbnamocfc 1 

0 Parflck 0 

2 D unl onnBne 2 
2 Brechin City 0 

PW D L F A Pts 
2514 6 5 38 23 34 

2612 6 8 49 38 30 

2613 4 9 39 29 30 
28 912 5 40 36 30 
2612 5 9 34 29 29 
2610 610 37 31 26 

25 8 9 8 35 35 25 

26 8 9 S 37 39 25 
25 611 9 30 32 23 

25 7 9 9 32 35 23 

26 7 316 28 52 17 
26 S 6 IS 21 44 16 

By Steve Bates By Simon O’Hagan 

.. From Morecambe and Wise 

Oldham AUlletiC.^— 0 *9 ftny Como, Christmas is a 

Leeds United 1 tnnc « **»? comeback perfor- 

mances, and so it was when a 

Joe Royfe could hardly be 

blamed for believing that tbe eater ’ 

Christmas ghost which perpetu- *55 on '- 

ally haunts his Oldham team ... f 31 

has returned to signal the do- Ho^nr 

cline of their promotion hopes. b ? su 

But after watching his side 

outplay Leeds and still suffer man J'8Br, David Heat, You 
defeat, the festive season has v y on a match than 
once again played a cruel trick wa ^ upbebev- 

on one of the second division’s "J®; mid foe referee let it flow, 
best sides. ^°? n m g* seconds by 

Oldham, who started the boli- s _ die 

day period on top but are now Jusl notable for a 

third after reaping one point from Qive 

from two games, would do well A r* n ’. jonenham forward 
to heed the words of their astute "“din® towards 

manager who remarked later. Jin ™y Greaves s record of 37 
“As long as we keep our shape ®, a 5ea « >a for foe dub. 

Scottish second division 

Ayr Coted 0 StJotastm 2 

Raitri Rovera 
Stfrfiog Alb 

Raflh Rovws 



bMtt Manow ft Mrib&oaan ft SS2SE F n . ,i ^ “AG 

Postponed Bentlay Vtotoria v AlfratoR. 
LEAGUE Bret dbb km Cfttaoe 3. 
Eas ta nod Hanley ft Cuzon Ashton 0. 
Congleion ft KMU»4. Gtossop ft Leytand 
0. Ufinsfexd ft Nemarfield 4. Bmcough 4; 
Penrith 2. Mam 1 ; Rossanctate ft Bootie 1 ; 

Banstetiti 1; Ruts8p Manor 4, PetBrsflald 
ft Whyte leafs i. HarefieH ft woMng 5, 
Horsham 1. Postponed: Souths* v 

phjilljijii Cl Dteoii 

WfmJrvfR 9i 

entonvifle ft Baflymena 2. DtoNvy ft 
CSTidt 2. Bangor 1: Crusaders 1. 
Coleraine ft aantorsi 1. Gtanavon l: 
Nawry ft Lnfleu ft Poradown 2. lame ft 

FeSxstawe 1. Sutouy ft Great Yarnmutri 
6. Triettort ft Harwich and Parkeaon 1. 
HaverWfl i: Lowestoft ft CokXiester 
United 5; Newmeritet 2. Histon ft 
Stowmarkat 2. Goriaston 1: Postponed: 
Tiptreev Wisbech. 

LEAGUE: Motor dutoloiE Ampin* 1. 
Ariesey 2: Baldock 3, Stotfold 1; Braddey 

2, Bourne 1; tynasbwy 3, S and L Corey 
ft Hdbeadi ft Inhflngtxjrough 1: Long 
Buckhy 1, RothweB ft Northampton 
Spencer 2, Kempst o n ft St Neot's ft 
Raunds 2; SpaUng ft Itatton ft Ssmlord 

3, WoottonO. 

Denson 1; Rennare ft BeamHfWd ft 
Edgware 2, Southgate ft Yeadng 4, 
Beaton ft Crown and Manor 2, 
Baridnge M e 0. Leanua Che Second 
round raptey: wSffiam Abbey ft 
Northw ro dO. 

dMatora GBngham ft Watford ft West 
Ham 0, Tottenham a Second (Bvtatora 
Reading 2. Totsohani 1; Southend ft 
Brighton ft SwMon ft Wtebiedon 4. 
round: Ftadweil Heath ft Buckingham ft 
Windsor end Eton 4, Wenagel. Fbst 
ro u nd raptor Winslow 1, WaHhgford 1 

raptor Homdiureh ft Tlptrae 1. 
r^tar- Eesfngton 5, Ctatowy 4, 

Aina ie on tons 2612 5 9 3* 29 29 AS long as we keep OUT Shape 1W uie Ciuo. 

Z 610 810 37 31 26 there wll be no problems. We whi* take his 

i i 1 1 “ i i ^^.pjsp'^wmour 
Cfyde a 611 a 30 32 23 game in band.' Totten- 

Partk* _ 25 7 g 9 ^ 35 23 Having created enough PP a -, 2 " 1 al half-time. 

m s ill 44 i6 chances to have sewn up victory before Bennett scored twice in 
Montrose 28 s 615 21 44 16 . half-time, OWham, with four minulra^ to pm Coventry 3- 

Scottish second division three wins over Leeds already “ » front. Claesen, the Totten- 
AyrUotod o StJotastm 2 ibis season, let the shock of substitute, then equalized 
gyyi g ?- , ? 2£?£iS£ 1 Ritchie’s 35lh-mimrte^>al upset oetore K^is produced his dra- 

iszBt i 2S& m-i ■ 

^**9 ** 2 Meadmrbank o less effective long-ball policy. "J wn . *° ! best effect in their 

stanraer 1 Aiboah o But it was Mervyu Day, the ^ wm al West Ham United. 

PW 0 L f A Pts Leeds goalkeeper, who was Last season West Ham at last 

S TS i S w * largely responsible for initiating seea y° to have found the 

Si! 5 5 v 20 I Oldham’s downfeff He pro- insistency to go with thdr flair. 

Stating as> 19 9 6 4 as 14 24 duced a string of quality saves, « ui^ nave lost it again. 

Urn* liraes in the fim halt 1™'%% S?? <«l- 

A&on Rovere 1910 2 7 30 28 22 which Oldtam domi n ated. Day wjrnhij^„ twice 

Stranraer 19 7 6 6 25 20 20 stopped efforts from Palmer Wimbledon ^equalized, through 

Cowdenbeath 19 s s 8 25 27 19 Hcnrv and Wrieht tar h# ”5™““ Sayw. 

Queenspur* 20 5 8 7 29 32 18 r The decisive anal ramp- 10 

BerwUc 19 4 510 25 33 13 reserved his best effort for came 18 

Arbroath 20 5 312 24 4i 13 Futcher, who watched disbeiiev- ^ , end from 

Sggg i | in If S \\ ingly as foe United saviour kept Lyall, 

Stenhsmw 20 3 512 17 33 11 out a pomt-blank header. “ c , 651 Ha™ manager, with a 

Yesterday While Day could do no n “?“ of problems to solve. 

KA tropht: Rnt round raptor Maid, wrong, his young counterpart, season 

RorieftWtaahtatoneifaeo. Goram, made the type of Wun- Unrted finished a match 

T 1 . a der previously unseen since the ■ “ i u *““■ latest send- 

Leaamg goaiscorsrs young Scottish international be- foal of Briggs 

HRST DmsnN: c Aten (Tottenham , fixture at ™ borne defeat 

Hotspur}, 28; l Rush (Liverpool), 22 : j Boundary Park, Buckley's teas- j s Park Rangers. 

AMndga (Oxford UnttedL 20 ;"a Opaa o ing 34lh-minote cross was just '^ nu . mnttenngs of a referees' 
c aa ?2 too high for the goalkeeper, who ^P insl foe dub 

_ _ » could only divert the ball into „l" , t 8gs 53111 afterwards: “We are 

Ayr United 
Anon Rovers 
Queen's Pvk 
East Stating 

0 StJotastm 2 

2 Pamirs Part 1 

1 ABoa Athletic 0 

2 AteonRovera O' 

0 CowrianhUh 1 

2 MwliMta* 0 

1 AibroMI) 0 

PW 0 L F A Pts 
21 910 2 43 25 28 
21 9 6 4 33 27 26 
2010 5 5 37 20 25 

19 9 6 4 25 14 24 
1910 3 6 27 25 23 

20 9 5 6 31 31 23 
1910 2 7 30 28 22 
19 7 6 6 25 20 20 

19 6 3 8 2$ 27 19 

20 5 6 7 29 32 18 

19 4 510 25 S3 13 

20 5 312 24 41 13 
20 2 711 18 33 11 
20 3 512 17 33 11 


FA TROPHY: Rnt round rep la y - Maid* 
stone 2, WaaHstone 1 (ao& 

FBtST DIVBION: C Aten (Tottenham 
Hotspur* 28; I flush (Liverpool}, 22: J 
AUtogs (Oxford United). 2ft A Cottee 
(West Ham United}, ift- C Clarte 
(Southampton), i7: A Heath (Everton), 14; 

Forsstj.13: LOtep- 
Yeteiestoy), IftM Hayes 
(Arsenal), 13: K Shetoy (Boren). 13. 
SECOND DmaON; W Cbrfce (Bk- 
mngharaCity), 18; M Quinn (Portsmouth). 
18: K WUson (tewteh Town). 18; 6 
Shearer (HitodeRriitad Town). 15: TSentor 
(Reading). 14; R Davison (Darby County}. 
13: T Siertrajham {MBwal}. 13;R Futcher. 
(OUhanft 13. 

man (Sheffield Estate 
(Araeneft 13: K Sheec 

rrxngtaraCtyLia.'MO^p^X Ttere waspfenty of sympathy One of 

18: k WUson (taswicii Town). 18: 6 for Goram from manager and r/r. H; , ™ .weekend which 

wanwnates alike, even though fo® 10181 for foe season to 
(Rraffing), 14. R ttaybrwjpertjy he had tossed away an unbeaten u “ . 

^ ' ‘ home league run Stretching back th ^!j^J? E . OT *® foe fringes of 

r z- tfffs&fsrz SSStesss- 

aptain Morena wm a. 



ro «- »- 1 - w »- 

Montevideo (Router) - Fer- 
nando Morena, a prolific 
goal scorer with Penorol and 
Uruguay’s national football 
tram, will captain bis country in 
the Pele Cap imemational tour- 
nament for veterans in Brazil 
beginning on January 4. 

-syUBsr* sfts-cgajfi! 



•I manner 





-Hi K^T- 

' Vs *»*■ S? 

: : 

- ■ X$^ 

■ -vapS 

" * j; r n 

■ -•■ 'tne u 

v;:-.: a-Sjisy 

l i ? 2 •- ' r 

*■ ^ 

5 Ji *- v *. -- 

^ s r - .. i * 

.*! ■*.- ‘■"•Sr 
:R i; NTQ 

.'”■•■ i'-'l 

■h:-- Hahtbacks 
Tu’tkt? fora 

: r ood show 

0 rt-iifl 



Edited by Peter Dear 

and Peter Davalle 

* °i-e st 


■ r: , Rt* i,** 0 *- 

;. f ^ 

’ ‘ ^nage 

- : f,:a ^a|£ ^2? 



Sa * * . ■; *- 
«»* . -r 

Faces and scenes from some of tonight’s programmes. From kit: Stanley Baxter as Mae West (Stanley Baxter's Christinas Animal, BBC 1,9 -30pm). Liza Minnelli and Robert de Niro: New York, New York (Channel 4, 9.00pm). The cartoon 

A Winter Story (Channel 4, 6.00pm). The yachts liberty and Australia n (The Challenge, ITV, 9-OOpm). And Spike Jones (Best of Spike Jones,Channel A 1100 mi dni ght) 

6.30 Ceefax AM. News headlines, 
weather, travel and sports 

7.00 News, regional news and 

7.15 The FDntstones. Cartoons 7.40 
The Pink Panther Show. 

8.00 News, regional news and 
weather 8.15 Mister|aw 
Supershark. Cartoon 8.20 The 
Monkees (r) 8.45 Goldilocks 
and the Three Bears 8.55 
Regional news and weather. 

9.00 News and weather 9.05 Play 
Chess. How rooks mate 
explained by William Harrs ion 
9.15 Dungeons and Dragons, 
(r) 9.35 Why Don't You..? The 
first of a new series of 
entertaining ideas tor bored 

10.00 News and weather 10.05 
Neighbours, (r) 10-25 
Children's BBC. PhHIip 
SchoffeW with programme 
news, and birthday greetings 

lain Lauchlan. (r) 10.50 WiHo 
the Wisp, (r) 

10.55 Five to Eleven. Peter 

Barkworth with a thought tor 
the day 1 1.00 News and 
weather 11.05 The Dukes of 
Hazzard. A talent show 
magician makes Boss Hogg 
disappear 11.55 Open Air. 
Viewers comment on BBC 
Television programmes 1235 
Regional news and weather. 

1.00 One (VCfocfc News with 
Martyn Lewis. Weather. 1.25 
Neighbours. Nick confesses to 
Jim 1.50 Bertha. A See-Saw 
programme for the very young. 

245 ^SNpWHK*. (1978) 
starring Robert Logan and 
Mikki Jamison -Olsen. Nautical 
adventure about a man, his 
daughters, a journalist and a 
stowaway who are sailing 
round the world in a converted 
trawler. Directed by Stewart 

340 Henry's Cat (r) 445 Wizbit 
with Paul Daniels 4.15 The 
Mysterious Cities of Gold. 
Animated adventure serial 4.45 

^ J " ’j ;“V‘ ”> • 

hi.. - '%*,■ *■:; '■ -V -' * 

; v ' ‘ '—*• 

Jonny Briggs. The rustling 
ghost mystery is solved. 

5.00 Blue Peter Review of the Year. 
Highlights of the programme's 
year. (Ceefax) 540 Rolf Harris 
Cartoon Time. 

6.00 Six O'clock News with 
Nicholas WftcheU and Phflfp 
Hayton. Weather. 

645 London Plus. 

740 Wogan. 

745 The Golden Oldie Picture 
Show. Dave Lee Travis 
presents new videos to old 

840 Terry and June. Terry double 
books himself for Christmas 
duties - as Father Christmas at 
the local Sunday School party, 
and a comic role In the office 
pantomime, (r) 

840 Three Up, Two Down. Comedy 
series about an HI- matched 
coupb sharing a basement fiat 
in their respective children's 
house. Daphne is the proud 
owner of an antique that Sam 
covets and no amount of soft 
soap wHI persuade Daphne to 

Hart un4) if 

?home and Michael Etphick. (r) 

940 Nine O’clock News with Julia 
Somerville and Andrew 
Harvey. Regional news and 

940 Stanley Baxter's Picture 

AmuaL The talented cometfian 
in 37 different roles. Plus 
guest, Lesley Collier. (Ceefax) 

1045 1986: Review of the Year. 
PetBr Snow introduces a 
Newsnight special reviewing 
the highlights of the yean and 
talks to some of the men and 
women who made the 

11.45 My Darting Clementine* (1946) 
starring Henry Fonda, Linda 
Da met amt victor Mature. 

• The story of Wyatt Earp. 
Marshal of Tombstone, with • 
the celebrated gun fight at the 
OK Corral as the cfimax. 
Directed by John Fond, based 
on the story told to him by 
Wyatt Earp himself. (Ceefax) 

1.25 Weather- . . .... 

(shown yesterday) (Ceefax). 

10.40 Harold Uoyd* Clips from the 
comedian's Dr Jack, made in 
1922, and Never Touched Me, 
produced in 1919.(0 

1145 Jaws -The True Story. A 
World About Us Rim on the 

w^rta sharit^ri^ ® rBat 

1145 Fibre Ztegfeld Follies (1946) 
starring Fred Astaire, Lucille 
Ball, Judy Garland, Esther 
Williams, Gene Kelly, Lena 
Home. LudHe Bremner, and 
WrMam Powell, as the 
entertainer. Ftorenz Ztegteld, 
ensconced in the wide blue 
yonder, pondering his past and 
the people he knew. Directed 
by Vincente Mbineffl. 

1.40 Fifty Not Out David Coleman 
reflects on 50 years of BBC 
Television Sport (r) 

3.40 News, regional news and 

340 Bridge on the River Kwai 

" V 

■ ’ ' * 

? H 

sif IK*; * 


A ; ' , v; 

V •i .A-.'io 

6' ■' 

(1957) starring Alec Guinness, 
William Holden, and Jack 
Hawkins. Second World War 
drama about Allied prisoners- 
of-war working on the 
notorious Japanese ’death 
railway' and the battle of was 
between a British colonel and 
his Japanese captor. Directed 
.by David Lean. (Ceefax) 

640 The hatings of the Year -1984. 
V/v Richards from the England 
v West Indies first one-day 

740 FBm: Bugsy Malone (1976) 
starring Scott Baio and Jodie 
Foster. A wonderful gangster 
musical set in 1929 New York, 
with a non-adult cast Directed 
by Alan Parker. (Ceefax) 

840 Just Another Day. John 
Pitman is amongst the waifs 
and strays of Battersea Dogs 
Home, a place that is, 
unfortunately, fa led to 
overflowing, espedaDy in the 
weeks after Christmas, (r) 

940 F*re Buddy Buddy (1981) 
starring Jack Lemmon and 
Walter Matthau. A Mack 
comedy about a mob ’hit man' 
with a contract to left a 
gangster whose job is not 
made any easier when he 
books intoahotBt room which 
is atfloining that of a would-be 
suicide. With Paula Prentiss 
and Kiaue KinskL The last film 
Erected by ally Wilder. 

1045 Judy Garland: The Concert 
Years, introduced by her 
daughter. Loma Luft A 

6.15 TV-ain: Good Morning Britain 

Gordon Honeycombs at 640, 
740, 740, 840, 840 and 940; 
financial news at 645; sport at 
6.40 and 740; exercises at 
645; cartoon at 745; pop 
music at 745; Jimmy 
Greaves's television highlights 
at 845. Timmy MaUett 
introduces Wacaday at 945. 

9.25 Thames news heamnes 
followed by BMX Beat 
IntematkMiaL The Cherry Coca 
Cola Freestyle Championships, 
introduced by Gaz Top and 
Andy Ruffetl from the Sands 
Centre, Carlisle. 

940 Fibre Headline Hunters (1968) 
starring Bid Owen and Gtyn 
Houston. Comedy about the 
children of a local newspaper 
editor who keep the organ 
going when their father goes 
into hospital, despite the 
sabotaging tactics of the staff 
from the newspaper's arch 
rival. Directed by Jonathan 

1055 F=Sre Daring Game (1968) 
starring Uoyd Bridges and 
Joan Blackman. Adventure 
yam about a team of 
troubleshooters hired to 
rescue a professor held 
captive on an island banana 
republic. Directed by Laslo 

1240 Baby and Co. Miriam Stoppard 
discusses divorce and young 
children with parents who have 
survived the trauma and 
heartbreak, [r) 

140 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 140 Thames news. 

140 F8m: The Smafl One (1978) A 
Disney cartoon for Christmas. 
Directed by Don Bluth 240 
Fibre The Last Ffight of Noah's 
Ark (1980) starring Qiott 
Gould and Genevieve Bujold. 
Strapped for cash a pilot 
reluctantly agrees to fly an 
orphange worker and a 
menagerie of animals to a 
South Pacific mission. The 
plane takes the wrong course 
after his passenger's cassette 

causes a compass to give a 
wrong reading. Directed by 
Charles JarrotL 

3.40 Thames news headlines 3^5 
The Young Doctors 4.15 Pop 
Video '86. Gary Crowley 
presents the videos that made 
toe biggest impact in 1986. 

5.15 Blockbusters. General 
knowledge quiz game lor 
teenagers, presented by Bob 

5.45 News with Atastair Stewart 
640 Thames news. 

645 Crossroads. 

740 Wish You Were Here-? The 
first of a new series of the 
holiday programme. Judith 
Chalmers investigates a pilot 
scheme to develop vSage 
pubs for holiday 
accommodation; and joins a 
coach party for a winter break 
in Babbacombe, Devon: 
Anneka Rice reports from the 
Seychelles; and Chris Keity is 
at toe Diano Marina on toe 
Italian Riviera. (Oracle) 

740 Coronation StreeL Jenny 
takes part in talent contest 

840 A fflght at Chas ’n’ Dave’s. 
Among the guests are Dennis 
Waterman, Tim Heafy, Jim 
Davidson, and the Cambridge 
Heath Band of the Salvation 

940 The Challenge. Episode one ot 
a three-part mini-series 
recreating the dramas 
surrounding the America's Ctm 
races off Rhode Island in 1983. 
Starring Tim Pigott-Smith as 


1245 International Dressage. A 
programme that explains the 
mystique of the sport and 
Includes the latest refinement - 
dressage to music, (r) 

1.00 Shrine Under Siege. A 

documentary from the United 
States exploring the affiliation 
between Fundamentalist 
Christians in America and 
militant Jews in Israel in an 
effort to remove Islam's third 
holiest shrine - the Temple 
Mount in Jerusalem. 

1.40 Crackpot Ouafl. Cartoon. 

145 Film: The Blue Bird (1940) 
starring Shirley Temple. A 
fantasy adventure about a 
selfish little girt who travels the 
world to find toe blue bird of 
happiness. Directed by Walter 

345 Film: The Black Swan (1942) 
starring Tyrone Power and 
Maureen O'Hara. 
Swashbuckling yam about a 
reformed buccaneer who is 
given the task of bringing to 
justice a notorious pirate- 
Directed by Henre King. 

540 Same Game - Different Rides. 
A profile of Mike Names vary 
who was British and European 



ppu 1 Chafemge 6J5-7-00 Wales Today 
1J2S-1 .30am News of Wales Heacfinss 
end Weather. Close SCOTLAND R35-7 JOpm 

10.45 News with Sandy GaB foBowed 
by Thames news headlines. 

11.00 Fibre Tbne Walker (1982) 

starring Ben Murphy and Nina 
Axelrod. Science fiction thriller 
that begins when an 
earthquake reveals another 

coffin m the tomb of 
Tutankhanum. surrounded by 
the bodies of six horribly 
mutilated attendants. Directed 
by Tom Kennedy. 

1245 Night Thoughts with Martin 



High endeavour; one of the compe titor s in the BMX Beat 
International in Carlisle (lTV, 9.25am) 

celebration ot the star's Fifties 
and Sixties golden decades. 
With Tony Bennett, Barbra 
Streisand, Lena Home, and 
Liza MineHi. 

1140 Classic Ghost Stories. Robert 
Powell with M.R James's Oh, 
Whistle, and I’ll Come to you, 
my Lad. 

1245 Weather. 

age of 24. The film follows the 
12 months since the accident 
his release from the spinal unit 
at the Royal Orthopaedic 
Hospital, Stanmore, and his 
visit to the World Freestyle 
Championships in Tlgnes. (r) 
6.00 A Winter Story. An animated 
tale of a cunning fox's 
attempts to steal a farmer's 
Christmas turkey. Aled Jones 
sings the title song. (Oracle) 
6.25 Hannlbafa Foot s teps. The 
first of four programmes in 
which Bernard Levin retraces 
Hannibal's 300-mile journey 
from Southern France across 
the Alps, (r) (Oracle) 

740 Channel 4 News with Trevor 
McDonald and Anne Perkins. 

840 Brookside. Rod’s heroic action 
makes the press and he hopes 
this improves his chances with 
the police. 

840 International Sweethearts of 
Rhythm. A documentary about 
the multi-racial, all-women jazz 
band of the Forties. With archive 
footage of toe band in action, 
music, photographs and 
memorabiia from private 
collections, and a narrative 
supplied tty interviews with 
individual Sweethearts. 

940 Him: New York, New York 
(1977) starring Liza MmnelH 
and Robert De Niro. A 
celebration of the big band 
musicals of the Fortfes 
focusing on the turbulent 
private fife and careers of 
saxophonist Jhny Doyle and 
singer Franctoe Evans. 

Directed by Martin Scorsese. 

1240 The Best of Space Jones. A 

Reportra Scottand 9J0-1O00 Barbara 
Dckson n Concert 1OO0-KL2S AS the Beat 
5L40pm Today's Sport 540-fiJW2nsid0 Ulster 
B4S-7AD Past Perspectives 125-1 JOam 
Northern Ireland News HMdhnea and Weather 
Close ENOLAND. BJS-rjOpm Regional 

ANSI I A As London except 1.20pm. 

flBaagfl 1 JO News S.lfr54S Who'a the 
floss? &0O-&35 About Angfe1Z3Sem A 
Saint tor our Tone, OoeadoMR. 

ROROPR As Lmdon except 
S u gj4CW News &00-&35 

LooKaround Monday 1235am Border 
weather. toUowed fay Closedown. 
pCAfTRAL AS London except 
mEBUbb I20pm-1 jo News OiXL&as 
News 12J5M Central Jobfinder IJ5 


Sons & Daughters UMA6 Channel Re- 
port 12J5am Closedown. 

Gramp ian assaaL«. 

545 The Grumfaiaweeds Show 5O0-&3S 
North Tonght lUSam News 1240 

1220 Granada Reports L20pohU0 Granada 
Reports 340 Granada Reports &454.15 
Sons & Daughters £30 (Canada Reports &25 
Ibis is Your Right 6J0-7.0Q Crossroads 
11.00 Top ol ma Bill - Lost Empires 1200 
Hm: Time Walker 1 J5en Closedown. 


SlSS News l2SSam Weather, Closedown. 


at Six with Alan Ru«ad and Uz LLoyd- 

TQUf As Lflndon except I20pm-L30 
12!* News 5.15 Gus Honevbon's Magic 
Birthdays 520-545 Crossroeds 600^ To- 
day South West &a0-7Jk> Langley Bottom 
1235am Paetscripi 1241 Closedown. 

TVS As London except 1^0nm-t3O 
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SA0-&35 Coast k> Coast 1235am uxnpii- 
ny. kdowad by Closedown. 


Lookareund 6A0 Northern Life 6JJ5-6J5 
The Benny ra Show 1235ani The Holiness of 
Chnstmas 1245 Oosedoam. 

A Daughurs 640-835 Good Evoiing 13- 
star 1235am The Grunbkiweads Snow 100 


News 340 Catondsr News 345-4.15 

Music Box -Timmy Malen 1O0 Amanda 
MRsdngion Stow 200 fWw Show 3J10 Martki 
Buchanan Show 4.00 Simon Ponar SJ00 
The Shadow BJX) Closadoa 

Walter Matthau, as the hit man, and Jack Lemmon In Billy 
Wilder’s comedy Buddy Buddy, on BBC2, 940pm 




mm AfRUNEl 



Aflcomect M 
entries win! 


two FREE return IBERIA 
flights in 1987. 

2ND PRIZE - a 

DRIVE HOLIDAY for two in 
Seville, free from Atesa- 

PLUS! All correct entrants 
qualify to win a £10 Iberia 
moneysaver fare voucher or 
a voucher worth at least 
£1,000 towards a timeshare 
holiday home. 

Read this then answer the Questions below. 

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holiday fiesta with Iberia, the international airline of Spain. 
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HOWTO ENTER.. . Tick the correct boxes below, complete 
the sentence using not more than 12 words and post the completed 
entry form FREE, no stamp required. Cut out the entry coupon and 
send to: Holiday Fiesta, R.L.E. Limited, FREEPOST, London N3 1BR. 


(1) How many timeshare resorts are there worldwide ong 

500 □ 1.000 □ Over 1.500 □ "Tir 

(2* Iberia is the international airline ol- 

(3i What do they enjoy on the Costa del Sol lor over ~— 
300 daysa year? __ - — 

(4i How many people in the world own a timeshare 

holiday home 7 _ — 

Tf, 15Q0 0 50000 0 Over 2.000.000 □ «“ 

Now complete this sentence, using the most apt and 
original phrase, in not more than 12 words: 
“Timesharing is the ideal holiday method because 

| MF (medium wave). Stereo on 
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Today 330 John Peri 440 Newsdesk 
430 Musk of Weber (until 445) 6.45 
World Today. A1 tones fa GMT. 

455 amMerflum wave only. 
Fourth Test Australia v 
England. Until 7.05am 
645 amVHF only. Weather. 

740 News 

745 Concert Handel 

(Concerto Grosso in G 
minor,. Op 6 No 6: English 
Concern, Chopin 
(Ballade No 3 m A flat 
Richter, piano), Danzi 
(Ceflo Concerto in E minor 
Btees with Bertn SO). 

8.00 News 

845 Concert (contdk 
Mendelssohn (String 
Quartet in E mmor.Op 44 No 
2: Melos Quartet), Barlok 
(Story, Mlkrokosmos: 
Bartok, piano), Haydn 
(Symphony No 92: 
Phrfharmoma Hungarica). 
940 News 

945 This Week's Composers: 
Constant Lambert and 
Friends. Walton (Portsmouth 
Point Overtire: LSO), 
Lambert (BaBet in two 
tableaux, Romeo and 
Ju8et ECO), Berners (baflet 
sii». Triumph of 
Neptune; RLPO) 

' ' Cehoanr ' 

1040 Cello and piano: Stefan 
Popov ana ABan Sch&er. 
Ireland (Sonata. 11923), 
Marechal arrangement of 
Falla's Suite populate 

103S Two Bourgeois 

GentiemereExtracts from 
the suites by rechard 
Strauss ana Lufy. 

Inspired tty Motive's play Le 

gentflhomma. Played by La 
Petite Bande 

1145 Dvorak: Lindsay String 
Quartet ptay Quartet in 
G. Cypresses No 3; and 
Quartet in A, 0p2 
1245 BBC Welsh SO (under 
Jukka- Pekka Saraste), 
with Peter Donohoe, piano. 
Part one. Wagner (Flying 
Dutchman overture). 
Rachmarknov (Piano 
Concerto No 2). 1.00 News 
145 Concert (contd): Brahms 
(Symphony No 4) 

240 Music Weakly: includes 
Christopher Headington 
on Hie music of Constant 
Lambert, anda 
conversation with the 
soprano Arisen Auger. 

Also, a review by Mark Steyr 

of musicals on the 
Broadway stagefr) 

245 New Reocords: Ravel 
(Pa vane pour une Infante 
deiunte: LSO), Saint-Saens 
(Guitar es et mandolines: 

Ann Murray, mezzo and 
Graham Johnson, piano). 

Scarlatti (Sonata in D minor, 
Klc141: Maggie Cote, 
harpsichord). Granados 
(TonadWas-.B majo 
dteermo; El mirar de la maja: 
Murray and Johnson), 
Rodrigo (Conciertode 
Aranjuez: Fernandez, 
gurtar. with ECO), Schumann 
(WetV wiezorolglstdas 
Madchen, Op 1388 No 7, 
Spanisches Liebeskeden 
Anthony Rotie Johnson, 
tenon Graham Johnson, 
piano), Strauss (Don Quixote 
symphonic poem: 

Cleveland Orchestra with 
Lynn Harrell, cello) 

4.15 Once Upon a Time : 

Alison Baukfs cantata 
for children. Orchestra of St 
John's, Smith 

Square/Chofar of Coiet Court 
School. Cast includes 
David Wilson-Johnson, Jane 
Manning and Michael 
Pearce. 445 News 
540 Interpretations on 
Record: Christopher 
Headington compares 
performances of 
Schumann's Camaval 
640 Mustek's Delight The 
Broadside Band, with 
John Potter, tenor in dances 
and baited tunes from the 
publications of John 
Playford. Versions used 
in The Beggar's Opera are 
inducted in the 

630 BBC Scottish SO (under 
Jiri Starek), with Geoffrey 
Trabichoyjviolin). Part one. 
Bedford (The valley- 
sleeper. toe chHdren.the 
snakes and the giant), 
Boccherini (Violin Concerto 

730 Houseman on Radio: 

John Houseman talks to 
Christopher Cook about toe 
Golden Age of American 

7j 40 Concert part two. 

Dvorak (Symphony No 81 
830 Henrich Schutz: Tne 
Christmas Story. 

Taverner Consort/Tavemer 
Players/soloists Emma 
Kirkby. Nigel Rogers, and 
Dairid Thomas 
9.00 Federico’s Ghost 

Kenneth Haigh performs 
toe monologue by Jerzy 

1040 Jazz Today: Charles Fox 
presents First House 
1140 Beethoven Piano 

Sonatas: John Lit) (days 
the Nos 19, 20, 24 and 28 
1147 News 
1240 Fourth Test in 

Melbourne. Final day. 

Ends at 2.05 


Alec McCovren: on Radio 4 
at 3.00pm 

Or Iona wave, (s) stereo on VHF. 

545 Shipping 6.00 News 6.10 
Farming 635 Morning 
Praise (s)B47 Weather 

7.00 Today, ted 740, 840 
Today's News 6.45 
Business News 730, 830 
News Summary 735, 

825 Sport 7.45 Thought for 
toe Day 

830 Cat's Whiskers (new 

series): Five programmes 
for children under 12 . 
Presented by Bernard 
Cribbins . Includes The 
Ghost of Thomas 
Kompe. and Brian Blessed in 
Raymond Briggs’s 
F un c^ttiB^Bo^yman-(s). 

940 News. 9.K With Great 
Measure: Steve Race 
presents a selection of his 
favourite prose and 

Touzei. Jane Leonard and 
Eame Ctexton ( as 

430 The Natural History 
Programme: Christmas 
conservation topics. 
Including a Christmas 

poetry. With Timothy West 

and Rnnella Scales 

930 No Lffiighteg Malted 
Margaret HorstiekJ 
sympatMses with the 
accident-prone. The first 
of five programmes. Today, 
she finds out about those 
who are lucky and those who 
• are not Tomorrow: who 
has a sense ot rhythm — and 
who hasn't 

1040 News. Granny Goes to 
Sea: Faith Spencer- 
Chapman was well into her 
60s whai she Joined the 
crew of American tail-ship 
“The Gazalla of 
PhBsdelphta' as a general 
dog's body. 

Composers: Fritz Spiegl 
spotlights Mrs Robert 

1140 News: Emma (s) Part 5 
12.00 News; Fat Man on a 

Bicycle: Tom Vernon, on 
the last stage of his journey 
to the Mediterranean. 

Today: climbing up through 
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1237 The Goon Show. The 
SHent Bugler. Recorded 
in 1 958.^ 1235 Weather 
140 The World at One; News 
140 The Archers 135 

240 News; News Review of 
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Trm Llewellyn. 

340 News; The Aftefnoon 
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and Kenneth Cranham as the 
resourceful butter. The 
cast also includes Richard 
Pearson. Syhiestre Le 

the Maltese robin. With 
Lionel KeUeway and Fergus 

540 PM. News magazine 

530 The Fosdyke Sega. 

5.45 to 6.00 Radio 4 

Christmas Competition: 
Another chance to hear the 

640 News; Financial Report 

6.15 I've Been Together Now 
for 70 Years: Johnny 
Morris recalls Ws childhood 
In Wales 

630 Paul Temple and the 
Conrad Case: Part 5. 

First broadcast in 1 959. 

740 News 745 The Archers 

7.20 Gofo' BambooiFirst of 5 
letters home from the 
novelist Alun Richards who 
took up residence in 
Japan last year 

730 Murder for Christmas: 

The Smkar with the Knife 
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940 We Select an 

Englishman: Portrait of 
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Written by Artois' Jacobs. 
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rrti stress, and Nigel 
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1040 John Morgan on Money: 
How do people's 
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10.15 Ghost story (new series): 
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England aglow with Ashes triumph 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Melbomue 

England retained the Ashes 
here yesterday when they won 
the fourth Test match by an 
innings and 14 runs with more 
than two whole days to spare. 

Having bowled Australia 
out in three hours SS minutes 
on the first day, they took only 
45 minutes longer now, 
Australia's last six wickets 
falling for 41 runs in 18.4 

The less said about 
Australia's batting the better. 
The omission of Ritchie had 
left them in the first place with 
only four front-line batsmen, 
much to Border’s regret and 
England's delight. England 
had Botham at No 6 and 
Australia had Matthews, be- 
tween whom there is no 

Mike Catting spoke after 
the match of a great effort by 
all his players, and so it was. 
Not least, England fielded 

For an England captain, it is 
a fine moment when he is 
assured of taking the Ashes 
home from Australia. In all 
this century, only Warner, 
Douglas, Chapman, Jardine, 
Hutton, Illingworth and 
Brearley have savoured it 
Gatting was not chaired off 
the field or anything like that, 
but that was because at the 
end England had met with 
such little resistance. 

Gatting said that he had not 
enjoyed every moment of his 

captaincy (who does?), but be 

was enjoying yesterday all 
right It made a joyful ending 
to what has been for the most 
part a depressing year for 

For Australia, it was their 
fourteenth successive Test 
match without a victory, three 
more than they have ever gone 
before. Border said he felt less 
upset about yesterday’s defeat 
than the one in Brisbane when 
Australia's hopes had been so 
high. “I've steeled myself to 
it," was his rather fatalistic 

Border is “opposed to 
wholesale sacking" of his play- 
ers, believing that the talent is 
there if they can get the 
balance of their side right and 
find the necessary confidence. 
He talked of the “rut” that 
Australia have got into and 
rated England as being as good 
as any of their sides he has 
played against 
While Gatting made a spe- 
cial reference to Reid's ex- 
cellent bowling. Border did so 
to Small's. In his first Test of 
the series. Small was made 
Man of the Match ahead of 
Botham and Broad. 

For a while yesterday after- 
noon when, almost within 
earshot Cash was two sets 
down to Pemfors, it looked 
horribly as though Australia 
would lose the Davis Cup final 
and the Ashes on the same 
day. Had the America's Cup 
then gone as well, as it well 
may in February, the whole 
country would have been cast 
into the deepest gloom. 

But Cash did ins stuff in the 
end. the last two or three 
games there coinciding with 
the tea interval at the cricket 
and being watched on the 
video screen by the crowd of 

The total attendance at the 
Test match of 107,817 was as 
much of a disappointment to 

the Australian Cricket Board 
as the result was to its 

The match was won and lost 
on the first day, when' Austra- 
lia were bowled out for 141. 
Had they made even 250 then, 
they would have put England 
under more pressure and a 
typically dose-fought Mel- 
bourne Test match might have 
resulted. Yesterday they 
passed 100 with only two 
wickets down and Marsh and 
Border playing well; but it had 
always seemed only a matter 
of time before the not set in. 

Varying bounce and lateral 
movement mean that the 
Melbourne pitch at this time 
of year is seldom one on which 
a batsman knows quite what 
to expect next The surprise 
now was that the England 
seamens took only the first 

dashing strokes, Jones was 
slashing at something not 
quite wide and short enough 
to warrant it Jones is 
establishing himselfi none the 
less, as a cricketer to be 
reckoned with. 

By hutch Marsh and Border 
had taken Australia to 87 for 
2. They were going along quite 
encouragingly afterwards 
when the best of the slip 
catches taken in the match 
accounted for Border, 
Emburey holding, two-handed 
to his right, a ball that was 
travelling like lightning At 
113 for 3, with Border gone, 
England had broken the back 
of their task, even with Marsh 
still playing the same sort of 
game that Broad had for 


tribute to 

Melbourne (Press Associ- 
ation) — Mike Getting, the 
England captain, was 
drenched in victory cham- 
pagne within minutes of 
England's Ashes triumph over 

Full scoreboard 

from Melbourne 



_ 15 



_ 14 



^JUcbeiBntz c Rffituntab Bottom . o 
M G Hughes c Richard* b Botham — 2 

BA Rein not nut 2 

Extras (bl, lb 1,w1,id>7) .JO 

Total 111 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-16. 2-44, 3-80, 4- 
108, 6-11B, 6-11B, 7-129, 8-183, 8-137. 
BOWLING: Sma8 224-7-48-5, DsFraiUS 
11-1-30-0. Emfaurav 4-0-164, Bottom 
16-4-41-5, Gutting 1-04-0. 

D C Boon c 

OR Marsh iuioaT-_ — 60 

D M Jams e Golfing b DcFrttas — 21 
*A R Border c Bmbarajr b Sutoi 34 

S R Waagb b Edmonds 







If G tastes c Small) 

Extras (B> 3, w 1, nfc 2) 
Total ■■■■ 

_ 0 
— 6 
_ 1 
_ 1 
_ 8 
— 0 
— 6 

FAIL OF WICKETS: 1-13, 2-46, i 


153, 5-1S3, 6-179, 7-180, 8-189. 9-189. 
BOWLING: DsFTOitas 12-1-44-1; taml 
15-3-40-2; Bottom 7-1-18-fc Edmonds 
184*454 Emburey 204-43-2. 

ENGLAIO: First kmings 
BC Broad c Znshrar b tastes 112 

*M W Galling c tagtos bMd 40 

A J Lamb c Zoehrer b Raid 43 

DJ Gower c Matthews b Sleep 7 

IT Bottom cZoehKrbMcOsimMt- 29 

tC J fUctmids e Itarab b IMd 3 

P A J DaFioitas c Matthews 

b McDermott — 7 

J E Emburey c and b McDermott — 22 

FH Edmonds fins b McOoraiott 19 

GCSmaB notoot 21 

Extras <b 6, tt> 7, w 1 , nb 11) 25 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-58.2-163,3-196,4- 
219, 5-251, 6-273 7-277, 8-289, 9-319. 
BOWLING: McDermott 28-5-4-63-4; 
Hughes 30-3-94-1; Ftefcf 235-784; 
Waugh 8-4-15- R; Steep 28445-1. 
Umpires: A Crater and R A Ranch. 

1986-87 series 

FIRST TEST (Brisbane): England won by 
seven wickets. 

SECOND TEST (Perth): Drawn. 

THIRD TEST (AdotaMo): Drawn. 

FOURTH TEST (Mafeaume): England won 
by ai i nnings and 14 ruts, 
rfe-irf TEST ( 

(Sydney): January 10-15. 

three wickets. Of the last 
seven, two were run-outs, a 
sign of the tensions in the 
Australian camp, and five 
went to the spinners, brought 
on as much to contain until 
the new ball became due as to 
finish off the match. 

Boon was out in the sixth 
over, making only the most 
tentative of front-foot pushes 
at Small and being caught at 
second slip by Botham. Poor 
Boon. He has now played IS 
Test innings against Engla nd , 
scoring 103 in one of them, 61 
in another and 104 in the 
remaining 13. 

Second to go was Jones, well 
caught at first slip by Gatting. 
Encouraged by two or three 

was still work to be 
done, even so, and when 
Marsh and Waugh had made 
40 together for the fourth 
wicket, without many alarms, 
there happened an incident 
that England could weD have 
allowed to upset them. They 
were, in fact, doing so, when in* 
the same over they were able 
to forget it First Marsh was 
given in by umpire French 
when he was fairly obviously 
caught at short leg on 
Emburey, off bat or glove and 
with no pad involved. 

In situations like this, 
Gatting is not good at telling 
his side to get on with the 
game. But two balls later 
Marsh played Emburey into 
the covers, started for a run, 
stopped and started again. By 
the time Marsh finally turned 
back, Edmonds's accurate re- 
turn had left him hopelessly 
stranded. Justice, I fancy, was 
done. Marsh, like Jones, is 
coming on quite well. 

In Emburey’s next over 
Matthews was bowled off his 
pad, playing no stroke. At lea 
Australia were 159 for five, 
Waugh, who was playing well, 
being 37. A more remarkable 
run-out followed soon after- 
wards when Sleep was sent 
back by the striker, Waugh. 
Swooping in from mid- wicket, 
Gower aimed an underarm 
return to Edmonds, the 
bowler. The ball, after sticking 
in Gower's palm, lobbed 
slowly, high and wide, to 
Edmonds's right Edmonds 
finished by shying at the 
stumps from perhaps three 
yards and hitting them. Sleep 
was still just out 
All that remained to be 
decided after that was whether 
Australia could save the in- 
nings defeat Needing 208 to 
do so, they lost Zoehrer at 180 
to a tumbling catch at short leg 
off Edmonds. At 189 
McDermott was bowled by 
Emburey’s arm ball, ana 
when, at 194, Hughes swept 
Edmonds to deep square leg it 
was all over. 

Not since 1901-02 had a 
Test match between England 
and Australia in Australia 
been finished in three days. It 
happened then in Sydney, 
England winning by an in- 
nings and 124 after Barnes, 
Braund and Blythe, all playing 
their first game for England, 
had bowled out an Australian 
side containing Trumper, No- 
ble and Clem Hill for 168 and 

England had had enough 
trouble making 349 on Sat- 
urday, for Australia's batsmen 

Moment of victory: Reid, Australia's not out batsman, tarns to face an ecstatic Botham as the Ashes are retained 

not to have liked what they 
saw. It was a good total for 
Melbourne, built on another 
hundred by Broad and ex- 
ceeded by England in only 
three of the 16 Test matches 
they have now played here 
since the war. Gatting had the 
utmost difficulty getting to 40; 
Lamb's 43 was hard work; and 
Botham, who batted for 85 
minutes, was never able to cut 

Broad, however, soldiered 
on, joining in the process 
Hobbs and Hammond as the 
only other Englishman to 
have made centuries in three 

successive Tests in the same 
rubber. Wooimer also got 
three in three Tests against 
Australia, but In two different 

This is a remarkable 
achievement by Broad, based 
on a good temperament, 
application, opportunism, a 
wo rkmanlik e technique and 
the height to scotch the extra 
bounce of Aust ralian pitches. 
It is simple enough to point to 
the lack of quality in die 
Australian attack as being 
another factor, but it was 
nothing like so weak on 
Saturday as to be easy meat 

Reid and Hughes bowled 
some excellent overs, often 
without luck, and none of 
England's right-handed bats- 
men played Sleep's wrist spin 
with anything like the same 
certainty as the left-handed 
Broad. McDermott, who im- 
proved his bowling figures by 
taking the last three England 
wickets, may wonder in years 
to come, when he watches a 
film of the day's play, how he 
was not in the hands of a 
psychiatrist. Not even Ulleeat 
his worst used to behave with 
a more reckless passion when 
bowling for Australia. 



Batting and Fielding 

Batting and Fielding 
M I No 

BC Broad 
01 Gower 
MW Gaffing 
CJ Retards 
J E Emburey 
PH Edmonds 
A J Lamb 
PA JDeFraMas 
GC Small 














BO 2 





Gfl Dtfey 

137 JZ 





PHEdmontts - 




10 38.00 

JE Emburey 




























1 - 
1 - 
1 - 

1 - 

• Compthd by Ftichant Lockwood. 

G M Ritchie 
AR Border 
G Matthews 
G R Marsh 
SR Waugh 
DM Jones 
T J Zoehrer 
DC Boon 
GF Lawson 
CD Matthews 

MG Hu 



CJ McDermott 
SR Waugh 
C D Matthews 
A R Border 
GF Lawson 

R HS Ava 160 50 Ct St 

225 45- 5525 

390 125 55J1 
215 73* 

391 110 
237 79* 

297 93 

89 38 
144 103 
13 13 










2 1 
- 2 
1 2 
- 2 
- 3 

T - 

6 - 
2 - 
e - 

i - 

a - 

i - 
i - 
i - 

How sides 
in the ’ 80 s 

The table below, showing 
the record of each of the Test- 
playing countries since 1980 
and ranking them according to 
the percentage of victories, 
accurately reflects the state of 
current world cricket (Richard 
Lockwood writes). 

The West Indians, under 
Clive Lloyd and Vzv Richards, 
have dominated the decade, 
losing only four of their 59 
tests and winning 12 of the 14 
series they have contested. 

New Zealand, in second 
place, are the only ride to have 
beaten the West Indies in a 
series since 1980, gaining a 1-0 
home victory in the early 
months of that year. Before 
1980 they had won just 10 out 
of 140 Tests. 

The records of England and 
Australia bear a striking 
similarity; both have lost over 
a third of their Test matches 
since 1980. 










2a 75 




Test records since 1980 











T % 








_ - 

Mst todies 












New Zealand 










3940 4-132 

















































Sri Lanka 





0 9.09 

“I’m oveijoyed,” he said. “It 
was tremendous - a great ef- 
fort everyone. Ifs the 
greatest moment of my career, 
apart from playing my first 
Test for England.” 

Gatting paid special tribute 
to Gladstone Small, who 
played at Melboorne only 
because Graham Dilley failed 
a fitness check on Friday. “I 
had no qualms about putting 
him in,” be said. “Gladstone 
has bees in good form all tour 
and I'm very pleased for him. 
It was a difficult decision 
between him and Neil Fester, 
but I knew neither of than 
would let us down.” 

Gatting, who took over as 
r.n gfawd captain when David 
Gower was dismissed last 
summer, has now landed 
cricket's oldest prize in only 
his nlntii Test as leader. “We 
came bore to win the Ashes 
and we've done it. That’s a 
marvellous feeling,” he said. 

He admitted, however: “It’s 
been hard work and I haven't 
enjoyed the captaincy aspect a 
lot of the time to be honest. But 
the tour has bear very happy 
and let’s hope it continues that 
way. I don't rtmak it will be 
difficult to motivate die play- 
ers from here on because we've 
got the Ashes. We shall go 
into the fifth Test at Sydney 
looking to win.” 

Allan Border, the Austra- 
lian captain, said be would not 
be resisting despite specula- 
tion about ms future following 
the defeat He said: “I fed 
numb. I don't like losing but 
Acre's no point in getting 
distraaght Fve got to hang 
there. I'm determined to see it 
out and hopefully things will 
get better.” 

Border’s record as captain 
now reads: mm three, tied one, 
tost nine and drawn 12. He 
said: “Yon get used to losing 
and playing badly. It will take 
a good win to break the ice. We 
are doing so many things 
badly and I can't pat my finger 
on the reason why. I don't feel 
as dispirited as I did after the 
first Test. I steeled myself for 

Border revealed, however, 
that he was unhappy with the 
side picked by Australia's 
selectors for the fonrth Test. 
They chose to omit Greg 
Ritchie, a specialist batsman, 
when most judges believed 
that Greg Matthews, the all- 
rounder, should have been the 
man to stand down. 

Gatting said of Borden “It 
must be very hard on him. 
He's been one of the best 
Australian players for a fang 
time. Now he’s lost a series he 
thought be should win and I 
can imagine bow he feels.” 

Border meanwhile paid a 
public tribute to Gatting’s 
celebrating players. He sank 1 
think they are as good an 
Eng la nd side as I've played 
against. And lan Botham isn't 
even fit” 



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Robson set 
for long 
injury spell 

Bryan Robson faces a two- 
month absence after a ham- 
string tear which is casting 
increasing doubts over Ms 
career (Steve Bates writes). 
The Manchester United and 
England captain broke down 
49 minutes into Saturday's 
game with Norwich after 
stretching for a tackle which 
Hflnwgpj the hamstring for the 
sixth time in 14 months. 

Immediate reports that the 
£2m midfield player would be 
back within four weeks were 
dispelled yesterday when the 
dejected player said: u At first 
the manager thought the in- 
jury was at the bottom of the 
muscle but ft's more towards 
the top area which has given 
me so much trouble before.” 

While Robson was reluctant 
to place a time- limit on his 
recovery, the seriousness of 
the set-back indicates a much 
longer rehabilitation period 
and is a blow for Alex Fer- 
guson, the manager, who is 
eager to improve United’s 
league position. 

Since his arrival, Fergnsas 
has tried to eradicate the 
hamstring injuries which plag- 
ued the dob under his prede- 
cessor, Rem Atkinson. Rob- 
son's suggests that the player 
has a worsening problem. 

“It's a nightmare for ns bnt I 
won't be panicked into buying 
a replacement for Robson,” 
Ferguson said yesterday. *My 
big problem at the moment is 
to get Kevin Moran fit for the 
game against Newcastle be- 
cause my two other centre- 
halves are still straggling.” 

Robson had played five 
games since retennng from a 
six-week lay-off after a similar 
injury. He will miss United's 
FA Cup derby with Manches- 
ter City on January 10, and 
England's friendly with Spam 
on February 18. 

Match report page 24 

Charlton enjoy a goal spree 

By a Correspondent 

Chariton 5 

Manchester City 0 

Three goals of genuine class 
and two of sheer opportunism 
pushed Chariton off the bot- 
tom of the table, overwhelm- 
ing a lacklustre Manchester 
City side 5-0 at SeDiurst Park 
yesterday, in the south 
London side's best win since 
returning to division one this 

This encounter did not bode 
well as a footballing classic. 
Chariton had gone nine games 
without a league win, and City 
have not won away since 
January 18. The opening min- 
utes typified the plight of both 
sides. The football was fast 
and furious, lacking thought 
and direction. 

Alan Cuzbishley, Chariton's 
midfield player, who has been 
missing from their line-up for 

FA charge 

BiDy Gilbert and Mick Tait, 
two of the three Portsmouth 
players sent off at Sheffield 
United in the last fortnight, 
have been charged by the 
Football Association with 
bringing the game into 

Automatically banned for 
their dismissals, they now face 
fines or additional suspen- 
sions from the FA for allegedly 
making remarks to the referee, 
Kelvin Morton. 

Snowed off 

Konigssee (Reuter) - The 
first two runs in a World Cup 
two-man bobsleigh race were 
called off yesterday because of 
heavy snow. The race will be 
held today over three runs 
instead of the usual four. 

most of the season through 
injury, added some calming 
touches, though his team 
mates were often on a dif- 
ferent wavelength. For their 
part, City offered very little in 
the way of flair or imagina- 
tion, and looked a sorry sight 

Charlton took a deserved 
lead with a cracking first goal 
by Colin Walsh in the 25th 
minute. Walsh, out wide on 
the left side of the penalty 
area, was teasing John 
Gidman, City’s right back, 
who like everybody else ex- 
pected a cross. Walsh, how- 
ever, unleashed an unstopp- 
able left-foot drive that 
rebounded off the post and 
into the net 

After half-time Charlton 
thundered on, dismissing any 
doubts that the added pressure 
of starting the game at the foot 
of the table would affect them. 
Two minutes after the half- 
time interval Walsh added a 


Lynch: Zorich win 

Lynch victory 

llz Lynch, of Dundee, the 
Commonwealth 10.000 me- 
tres champion, won over 
5,000 metres in Zurich yes- 
terday in I6min 34sec, beating 
her compatriot, Yvonne Mur- 
ray, by 15 seconds. But Jack 
Buckner. European 5.000 me- 
tres champion, lost to 
Switzerland's Pierre Deleze in 
the men's 8.000 metre race. 

second with a rasping 20-yard 
free kick. 

Jim Melrose scored a fine 
third goal on the hour, a right- 
footed curling shot that 
dipped into the net at the far 
post Then, Charlton's central 
defender, Peter Shirtliff, not 
one to be left out, seized upon 
a loose ball in the six-yard box 
to make it four. George Ship- 
ley completed City’s humili- 
ation with a fifth goal, dipping 
in to convert from four yards 
in the 82nd minute. 

CHARLTON: R Bolder, J Hu mphrey. M 
Reid, Q Shipley, A Peeke, P sUtflrt, M 
Stunrr (aub: J Peeraoa), A CuttsNey, J 
Mrtroe e. M Afa Jewood. C WaWt 
MANCHESTER CfTft P Sodding, J 
Redwood . DJWTffie, N McNafa, I Vereffi. P 
Moutdwi, P Stinson. 

^ — ipwr 

Everton have the 
look of champions 

By Steve Bates 


Leicester City 

•Alan Hansen, captain of the 
Liverpool doable winning side, 
is the first winner of the 100 
Pipers Anglo-Scot of the Year 
award, selected by a panel of 
Anglo-Sconish football journal- 

Leaving home 

Brisbane (AFP) - Hana 
Mandlikova, the Czecho- 
slovak tennis player, con- 
firmed that she has applied for 
Australian citizenship. The 
Na 1 seed in the Women's 
Classic which begins here 
today said she expected her 
application to be granted 
within four months. 

Hughes scores 

Mark Hughes scored bis 
first league goal in more than 
two months to keep Barcelona 
on top of the Spanish league 
with a 1-0 wm in Cadiz 
yesterday. The Welsh 
international's goal came in 
the 49th minute with a header, 

Algeria step in 

Algiers (AFP) - Algeria has 
agreed to replace Zambia as 
hosts for the 1988 African 
Nations football finals. 

Everton dismantled Leices- 
ter City at Goodison Park 
yesterday with the elegance 
and authority which must 
have instilled a mood of 
forboding amongst this 
season's championship 

Howard Kendall's men dis- 
played all the hallmar ks of 
champions elect and on the 
evidence of their second four- 
goal triumph in three days 
only the brave or foolish 
would disagree. Even without 
the injured Reid and 
BraceweU, Everton’s midfield 
functioned so smoothly and 
productively that Heath and 
Wilkinson could each have 
scored three goals i nstea d of 
the four they shared. 

The Leicester manager, Bry- 
an Hamilton, was gushing m 
his praise of the dub he once 
played for, saying later “They 
were fantastic and in a differ- 
ent class to us. They are the 
best team in Britain and it was 
men against boys. They are a 
quality side and the best we’ve 

With maximum points 
from their Christmas pro- 
gramme, Everton have 
reached the New Year fuelled 
by the desire to capture the 
title snatched from them by 
their Merseyside neighbours’ 
magnificent run last season. 
That determination was evi- 
dent from the start against a 
confidence-stricken Leicester 
side dumped on the bottom of 
the division by Everton’s 
sweeping football. 

It was Heath, scoring his 
1 2th and 13th goals of the 
season to take tits haul to a 
prolific 10 in 10 games, who 

ended Bicester’s brief res 
lance with a 15tb-minute g< 
which emphasized his pro 
tory instincts. Steven, shr 
and inventive, hooked a hi 
cleared comer back acn 
goal and Heath steered hot 
Watson's headed pass. 

Leicester barely had time 
regain their composure wb 
they slipped further behin 
Again it was the product 
poor defending with Morg 
helplessly caught in posse 
si on by Sheedy who laid on 
.pass which Wilkinson easi 

Heath was unlucky not 
add a third when he pouno 
on another mistake by Me 
gan to round Adams, tl 
goalkeeper, only to see Feel 
dear his shot off the line. 

The second half was on 
two minutes old when Wilki 
son had caused enough pan 
in the Leicester defence i 
claim his second althoui 
O’Neill gave him a hand i 
inflict more misery c 
Hamilton's beleagured side. 

Everton streamed forwai 
continually and even thouc 
they lost Power through injtu 
wter 72 minutes, the introdui 
Uon of AspinaU did not di: 
nipt their rhythm. Thre 
minutes later Heath superbl 
headed home after magnif 
rent work by Steven to dl 
E verton 4-0 ahead befot 
Leicester began battling fc 
their pride. 

Moran headed home a V( 
nus cross 10 minutes fror 

?SL faul 111 ?« 87th ®inut 
S^sopred the goal of th 

gme wnh a splendid loft©