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No 62.359 


Portfolio daily 
aK npeation prize of £2.onn 

winners: Mr R DjL* ^ 


I^Klon; Mrs j 

rf 9 UUham; M** F 

Winter of War eham 

Mr C Ctootstf 
and Mrs B J 
!£“"■ * Bridport, 

UorseL Each receives £333. 

of technical 
Realties, the Stock 
Exchange prices pace 
does not appear today. 

Botha offers to 
free Mandela 
on conditions 

\ *. \ i 

■‘f W < 

Because of technical 801112 °f South 

difficulties, the stAot A <nra offered yesterday to 
Exchange ©rkw* XaOL S? ns !?7' re ] eas ’ n 8 Mr Nelson 
does im* JP? 8 e Mandela, the jaded leader of 

As n ‘Sml JW j" tod ?y- dK outlawed African Na- 
PhLJLv * 8 !! 1 weekly tional Congress, “on humani- 
jwnotio Game prize of ^pan grounds” if a South 
*40,(100 is carried for- Andean captive in Angola 
ward and next week's anc * tw0 Russian dissidents 
prize will be £60 000 were ^ at the same time. 
Monday's eame orize ^ Botha’s curious pro- 
will be £4 noil P pos 31 came at the end of an 
,wu. bour-long speech opening the 

7_ I — *986 session of South 

Twjrft 5/nil/x J Africa’s tricameral Par- 
J. laliefl lament, which has separate 

chambers for whites, Indians 
ftVAF l^nluvr and mixed races but none for 
f IlllDy black Africans, who account 
j u 4 w fi> r more dtan 70 per cent- of 

drug death Vs^i***. 

Two drug addicts, Andrew declared that the concept of 
Russell and his wife Marion, apartheid was “out-dated” 
of Stockwell, south London “d promised, though in 
were jailed for the man- va f. ue term& morc sharing of 
slaughter of their daughter po,ItJcal Power between the 
Simone, aged 15 different race groups. He aso 
months, whose dummy was that the “pass laws”, 

dipped in a heroin substitute W “ JC “ control black move- 
Russell was jailed for LO ment 0utside the tribal re- 
years and his wife for seven. s ® r Y es - woulc * disappear in 
* Bwir present form. 

T-i «, . *** ’ Mr Botha said he was 

HiX-DllOt Oil encouraged by “the greater 

uu calm” which, he claimed, was 

<SflV oharfjp beginning to return to the 

vuoigC country, but added that he 

A retired French Air Force expected attempts to create 
officer has been arrested on more unrest in 1986 by 
charges of passing secrets on “leftist elements”, 
the movement of French Th e Mandela proposal was 

■" afterthought toM?Etotha’s 

agent in Brest Named as M 

Bernard Sourissau, aged 44, SpeeC ^ , 

he is a former helicopter . J* 15 not . c e ? r *** 

pilot PjJl 4 idea was simply plucked out 

of the air at the last moment 

Belfast killing {^.“LSff„K 

A Roman Catholic man was some behind-the-scenes dip- 
shot dead and his elderly 
mother was beaten at their 
home in Belfast. A “loyalist” 
paramilitary is believed to 
have been responsible Page 2 

The main points from 
Mr Botha's speech were: 

•To consider freeing 
Nelson Mandela at the 
same time as the release 
of prominent political 
prisoners in Communist 

•Restoration of citizen- 
ship to some blacks 

•Abolition of obsolete 
pass laws in present form 
•Introdnction of freehold 
property rights for 

•Uniform identity docu- 
ments for all 
population groups 
Speech, page 4 

I o malic activity. 

Mr Botha's suggestion is 
that Mr Mandela could be 
released along with Captain 
Wynand du Toil, who was 
captured on a sabotage mis- 
sion inside Angola Ian year, 
and Professor Andrei Sakha- 
rov and Mr Anatoly 
Sbcharansky, who are under 
restriction or imprisoned in 
the Soviet Union. 

If there was a “positive 
response” to the suggestions, 
Mr Botha said, it “could 

“national statutory council” 
with black representation was 
a “delaying tactic”. It would 
be “a body with no clout” 
and he would not agree to sit 
on it. 

The general secretary of the 
multi-racial South African 
Council of Churches. Doctor 
Beyers Naude, a rebel Dutch 
Reformed Church priest, 
said: “I believe the President 
has lost his last chance 10 
create a new future for the 
whole of South Africa”. 

The most positive reaction 
to the speech came from the 
white business community. 
The President of the Gearing 
Banks Association. Mr Chris 
Ball, said the speech had 
increased confidence that 
South Africa would now be 
able to negotiate an accept- 
able debt rescheduling agree- 
ment with foreign banks. 

The leader of the anti- 
apartheid white opposition in 
parliament. Doctor Frederik 
Van Zyi Slabbert, said the 
President's rhetoric was 
“pleasing on the ear”, but 
now had to be translated into 
substance. The leader of the 
extreme right wing Conser- 
vative Party, Doctor An dries 
TreurnichL claimed the 
speech pointed towards “the 

r^aintJfnTT^ thp piece-nieal surrender of white 

certainly form the basis of {L,: lira . 

negotiations between in- 
terested governments”. 

Bishop Desmond Tutu, the 
black Anglican Bishop of 
Johannesburg, described the 
proposal as “a red herring” 
Bishop Tutu was equally 

political power". 

m ' •LONDON: The Foreign 
Office reacted cautiously to 
the Mr Botha's speech, saying 
of that although it appeared to 
the contain a number of signifi- 
tg”. cant proposals, there were 
ally also some omissions (Nicho- 

unim pressed by the rest of las Ashford writes). 

Mr Botha's speech. He said "The key would be how the 
the proposal to set up a speech was followed up. 

‘Baby Doc’ denies 

The Ministry of Defence is 
investigating a Labour MPs 
claim that 121 soldiers in the 
regiment involved in the 
Cyprus spy trial have been 
discharged from the Army in 
a “purge” Page 3 

Savimbi aid 

.Angola's rebel leader. Dr 
Jonas Savimbi, said in Wash- 
ington yesterday that his 
quest for US aid bad been 
successful and US backing for 
Uniia would lead to progress 
in resolving wider conflicts in 
southern Africa. 

Kim arrested 

Seoul (AP) - The dissident 
South Korean leader, Mr 
Kim Dae-jung, has been 
placed under the equivalent 
of house arrest. He had 
planned to visit a dissident 
sit-in when police set up a 
barrier in front of his house. 

Gannets saved 

Grassholm Island off west 
Wales, home to about 56.000 
gannets, was yesterday des- 
ignated a special protection 
area for birds by Mr William 
Waldegrave, the Minister for 
the Environment. 

Moscow visit 

Lord Whitelaw is 10 lead a 
14-member parliamentary 
delegation to Moscow at the 
end of May for talks with 
Soviet leaders Page 2 

Court ruling 

A Warsaw court dismissed a 
Szczcecin human rights 
activist's claim that the 
Polish Government spokes- 
man defamed him by saying 
he had called officials Soviet 

Spanish date 

The referendum on Spain’s 
membership of Nato is to be 
held on March 12, but the 
word Nato has been omitted 
bv the Government From the 
ballot question Page 6 

Third heart 

' ;rs Mary Lund, aged 40. the ; 
iirsi woman 10 have a Jarvik- 
7 artificial heart had it 
replaced in Minneapolis by a 
heart from a teenage girl. 

Amin threat 

Former President Idi Amin 
' 0 f Luanda said he 

southern Sudan after leaving 

his exile in Saudi .Arabia and 

vr>s preparing to cross die 
hord'T and head for Kampala 
On line for aid, page 6 

. From Michael fiinyon, Washtcgfrm 

After an embarrassing 
White House announcement 
that the Haiti Government 
collapsed and President Jean- 
Claude Duvalier had fled the 
country, the State Depart- 
ment yesterday backtracked 
and said that there had been 
no change of government 

Martial law had been 
declared, however, all non- 
government radio stations 
closed and there were reports 
of sporadic gunfire as well as 
a heavy military presence on 
the streets of Port-au-Prince, 
the capital. 

The State Department said 
there were no reports of 
Americans being injured, but 
all had been advised to stay 
indoors and a general warn- 
ing was issued not to visit the 
country. The international 
airport was still open. 

The extraordinary reversal 
of the White House position 
has caused a furious row 
here, with reporters accusing 
the Reagan Administration of 

Amaripa By Anthony Bevins,] 

JTlMRKtM. 1UI Th e Commons Select 

Committee on Defence is to 

ifllllllTlS be allowed to question civil 

AA1VU1 servants directly involved in 

muMwcr ? the. Westland afLir. 

CFCW OI ■ Mr John Wakeham, the 
- Government Chief Whip, has 

o iwHi4-t-lr* been given the task of 

SilUlllv reaching a satisfactory 

r . inji» T.-jn-ifur iricMfirir accommodation with Sir 

From Treror FisMock Humphrey Atkins, the 

Houston Conservative chairman of the 

America paused yesterday, select committee and himself 

The remarkable outpouring of a former chief whip in Mrs 

President Botha taking the salute on the steps of 
Parliament in Cape Town before malting his speech. 

Civil servants for 
Westland inquiry 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 
The Commons Select Brittan’s office, Mr John 


be allowed to question civil about the leaking of the 
servants directly involved in Solicitor-General's highly- 

the Westland 'afLir. confidential letter. 

Mr John Wakeham, the Miss Bowe had the author- 
Goverament Chief Whip, has Sty of the then Secretary of 
been given the task of State, Mr Brittan. for the 
reaching a satisfactory leak, and thought she had the 
accommodation with Sir agreement of Number 10 
Humphrey Atkins, the Downing Street 
Conservative chairman of the Select committee question- 

select committee and himself tng of the two civil servants 
whip in Mrs is expected to concentrate on 
era ment the mechanics of the leak 

t that at the decision. They can be ex- 
rommittee will peeled to repeat what is 
Mr Bernard already known about the 
ime Minister’s incident which has been 
y, and Miss regretted by Mrs Thatcher.k 
the bead of But MPs are unlikely to 
the Depart- make any progress on 
and Industry, substantiating the lurking 
the highly Westminster suspicion that 
of Sir Patrick the Prime Minister knew of 
r to the Press Mr Brittan’s involvement in 
January 6. the leak before the official 
Minister told inquiry report was delivered 
on Monday to her on January 21 16 days 
ad been "a after the leak took place. 
Terence of The Select Committee on 
between Miss Defence meets again next 
Ingham - and Tuesday, and it is thought 
lie secretary in that the compromise over 
•. Mr Charles witnesses will emeige on 
in Mr Leon Monday. 

misleading the world. chllfflA been given the task of 

The reported overthrow of BIIUlUv reaching a satisfactory 

the corpulent 34-year-old Tm™ Fidhwir accommodation with Sir 

president for life came after Frorn Treror n shiodt Humphrey Atkins, the 

mounting protests and vi- Conservative chairman of the 

olence at Cap Haitien, in the America paused yesterday, select committee and himself 
north of the country. The remarkable outpouring of a former chief whip in Mrs 

Six people have been killed national sorrow was focused Thatcher's government 
and at least 30 injured since on Houston, the heart and It is thought that at the 

anti-government demonstra- nerve centre of the space very least the committee will 

lions began on Sunday, and programme. Mission Control be offered Mr Bernard 
on Thursday President Du- There have been, and will Ingham, the Prime Minister’s 
vaiier declared a state of siege be, many other memorial press secretary, and Miss 
In the confusion about the services for the seven Chat Colette Bowe, the bead of 
situation, the US Embassy lenger astronauts who per- information at the Depan- 
told the White House that Mr ished when their shuttle ment of Trade and Industry. 
Duvalier had left Port-au- exploded seconds after who arranged the highly 

Prince, the capital. And Mr launch. But the Johnson selective leak of Sir Patrick 

Larry Speak es, the White Space Centre in Houston was Mavhew’s letter to the Press 
House spokesman, said that a the natural place for the Association on January 6._ _ 

new military -civilian govern- national tribute, led by Presi- 

Mayhew’s letter to the Press 
Association on January 6. 

The Prime Minister told 
the Commons on Monday 
that there had been "a 

ment bad taken office. dent Rea g an. the Commons on Monday 

But a government radio Here, where the instrument that there had been a 
broadcast by President Du- ®*easuring the heartbeat of genuine . difference of 
valier said that he was men and machine suddenly understanding between Miss 
“strong as a monkey's tail” went dead at the very moment Bowe and Mr Ingham - and 
and still in control. “There of triumph, astronauts, sci- between a pnvate secretary m 
are bad rumours that I have enlists and engineers gath- her own office. Mr Charles 

>u. ** nnZA nnul with frionilc anil fflmilipC Powell, and 111 Mf LCOI) 

left the country,” he said. “It' ered with friends and families Powell, and in Mr Leon 

s not true. I’m not going of the crew for a short and 

anywhere” simple ceremony. 

The “monkey’s lair phrase Pr « w “ , ll «; C^Ollll UiUlS 

is an old Creole explosion pressed and reflect^ the 

indicating strength. sense of loss that has marked ». 

The Duraher dynasty is «s.eek in A^ri^He 
r : 1 : pCgCSt ^ resolution that American 

Court bans union’s bid 
to stop newspapers 

President Duvalier: “Strong 
as a monkey's tail” 

families in the Western 
hemisphere, and began when 
President Francois Duvalier, 
known as "Papa Doc”,came 
to power in 1957. Notorious 
for his use of voodoo and the 
dreaded Ton-Ton Macout 
security forces, he was named 
president for life, and on his 
death in 1971 the title passed 
to his son, together 'with the 
nickname “Baby Doc”. 

Blizzards hit Europe 

Nice (AFP) - Southern 
France and northern Italy 

• Caroline adrift: The pirate 
station Radio Caroline 

were virtually paralysed yes- drifted in the North Sea for 
terday by snowfalls and high several hours yesterday 

winds, with airports closed 
and towns and villages cut* 
off. At least five people died 
and others were missing. 

A state of emergency has 
been declared in Turin, 
where the worst blizzard 
since 1956 has been raging. 

• Freighter fire: Firemen 
were still fighting the three- 
day-old fire raging on the 
Libyan freighter Ebn Magid 
in Portland harbour. DorseL 

• UK forecast: Rain, sleet or 
snow. Local gales. 

resolution that American 
space exploration will con- 

Cards and flowers arrived 
in thousands at Houston. 
The memorial service, for 
which thousands of people 
streamed into the space 
centre, was carried on tele- 
vision and on the Johnson 
Space Centre dial-a-s buttle 
telephone system. 

The husband of Mrs 
Christa McAuliffe, the 
teacher who died in the 
explosion, said at his home in 
Concord, New Hampshire: 
“My children and 1 are very 
aware of the tremendous 
outpouring of grief and sup- 
port across America. We : 
have all lost Christa.” 

• In the Atlantic off Cape : 
Canaveral researchers reoov- ( 
ered more fragments of the i 
Challenger. , 

Briton leaves. Page 2 I 

By John Yonng 
News International was ain ni 
yesterday granted an interim tmema 
interdict at the Court of union 
Session. Edinburgh, banning unlawft 
members of the print union not pr< 

ain not 10 handle News 
International titles, vvhich the 
union _ did not deny, was 
unlawful in common law and 
not protected by any of the 

Sogat 82 from interfering mandates which applied in 
with the distribution of The industrial relations legisla- 
T nut's. The Sunday Times, non. 

The Sun and the A'tnvj of 1 he The union's members had 

World. not been balloted and the 

The interdict, equivalent 10 instruction to black the 
an injunction in English newspapers was secondary 

courts, orders Sogat to refrain action arising from the dis- 
front “inciting, inducing, en- missal of 5.000 Fleet Street 
couraging or otherwise assist- print workers, 
ing those of their members In granting the interdict, 
employed by John Menzies Lord Sutherland said he was 
(the wholesalers) to break satisfied the actions of Sogat 
their contract of employment would be liable- to interfere 
by refusing to handle. load or wiih the commercial contract 
unload the newspapers, or by between News International 
blacking them in any other Distribution Ltd and John 
wav”. Menzies. Accordingly, the 

Mr Brian Gill. QC for the instructions were unlawful. 

company, ciaimed the 
instruction given by Sogat to 
ns members throughout Brit- 

Producnon of both The 
Continued page 2 col 7 

Disorder in court as solicitors cry rough justice 

By Richard Ford_ seven-day prison sentence as solicitor continued he wonld atioi* protested 

The controversial judge- a penalty if he did not pay- 
ment of an Irish district Ir£50 into the court's poor- 

justice ended m a traffic court box. 
being cancelled yesterday as During a hearing about the 
the full majesty of the law overloading of a lorry, Mr 
shoddered (0 a halt with Gerald McCarthy, a solicitor 
furious solicitors boycotting and vice president of the 

bold him in contempt of court 
and as Mr McCarthy insisted 

traffic court reconvened and a 
boycott by solicitors left 

on making his defence, the defendants with the choice of 
justice imposed the fine. either requesting adjournment 
When Mr McCarthy men- or having their case heard 
boned the possibility of an without legal representation. 


Southern Law Association, 

flame Se** £4 J 

?sT ix 

SSE. !*-)$ f"®" 27-29 

pu»0 S 

Leaden * I 

Eyebrows had already been stood up to address the court 
raised at a succession of saying he wished to raise 
on us Etui not to say. idio- three points in his client's 
syncretic rulings by district defence, 
justice Mr Desmond Windle. The justice said he had 
but the confrontation with heard enough and it was his 
solicitors in Cork is the most intention to impose a comic- 

appeal the justice said his 
options were to pay the 

Mr Windle, who is usually 
based in Dublin but has been 

money immediately or sene on circuit in Cork for a week, law 
lime in prison. With rhe is no stranger to controversy, three 
prospect of a week in jail On Wednesday he had to wintr 
ahead of him. the solicitor apologise to the Gardai for' cash, 
wrote a cheque but was remarks made in a previous On 
unable to follow to (be letter hearing when, after being told misst 

Gardai were not amused by 
Mr Windie's remarks. 

In another case in which a 
man was accused of insurance 
offences, he ordered the 
accused to produce IrUOV in 
court within 20 minures. The 
man met the deadline and 
obeyed the long arm of the 
law but only after running 
three miles in dark and 
wintry weather to get the 

serious so far. 


The boycott of the city’s persisted, saying that as he 
district court began on Thins- was beipg paid the conn 
da<t after the judge warned a should allow him to submit 
solicitor be would be held in his arguments, 
contempt of court with a Mr Windle said that if the 

wrote a cheque but was remarks made in a previous 
unable to follow to (be letter hearing when, after being told 
the judge's instructions as that a defendant being ar- 
there is no poor box in the rested had called police 
court. Instead the money is bastards, he had said that 
being held, pending further though this might be a 
instructions with the court statement of fact, the accused 
office. ■ would have to produce birth 

The Southern Law Associ- certificates to prove it. The 

Once in Dublin he dis-. 
missed more than 100 car 
motor tav offences, alleging 
that the computer records 
were inadequate to prove the 
ownership of vehicles in- 
volved. In another notorious 
case he fined a solicitor for 
wearing an anorak in court 

to stand 
down at 

By Anthony Bevins 
Political Correspondent 
Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary 
of State for Education and 
Science, is 10 leave the House 
of Commons at the next 
election and is expected to 
make way for a Cabinet 
replacement within the next 
twelve months. 

The man most likely to 
succeed him is Mr Chris 
Patten. Sir Keith's Minister 
of State and another of the 
Conservative Party's up-and- 
coming “wets”. 

It is expected that the 
Prime Minister will take that 
reshuffle opportunity to 
revitalize her Cabinet in the 
runup to the next election. 

Sir Keith, who is 68 and 
who was first elected to 
Parliament 30 years ago, was 
expected to announce his 
intention to stand down at a 
constituency party meeting in 
Leeds last night 
Retirement before the end 
of the Parliament can be 
ruled out if only because the 
Alliance came second in Sir 
Keith's Leeds North-East 
constituency at the last elec- 
tion. By-elections are avoided 
at all costs. 

It was also being pointed 
out last night that there was 
no question of Sir Keith 
leaving the Department of 
Education and Science until 
after the teachers' dispute 
had been settled, and a 
system of teacher perfor- 
mance and assessment had 
been introduced. 

Mr Patten said in a 
constituency speech in Bath 
last night that the dispute, 
which had rumbled on for 
almost a year, had done great 
damage to children, schools 
and teachers. 

He appealed for renewed 
negotiation and said: “For 
the sake of the children, we 
should get on with the talking 
and put an end to the aggro”. 

Once the dispute has been 
settled the way .will be clear 
for Sir Keith to step down 
and return to the 
backbenches. He would be 
expected to be given a 
peerage by Mrs Thatcher in 
the dissolution honours Hsl 

Promotion for 
junior minister 

Mr Alan Gark, the junior 
employment minister who 
was involved a year ago in a 
dispute about black citizens 
and “Bongo-bongo land,” 
was yesterday promoted to 
the key job of Minister of 
Trade, it was announced 
from 10 Downing Street. 

He replaces Mr Paul 
Chan non. who became Sec- 
retary of State for Trade and 
Industry in the wake of the 
resignation last week of Mr 
Leon Brittan, 

Man in the news and 
Chaunon's successor, page 2 


Window on 
the world 

Flat screen TV 
to hang on the wall 
Page II 



West End date 
for Minder’s 
George Cole 
Page 16 

I and; 
: -ebe! 
:• 1 Sl 
■ atic 
J the. 
^ n pz 

L i Off 

Russia in 
the raw 

look at Moscow 
Page 13 



Getting it right 
for retiring 
Family Money 
Pages 20-25 

Splitting the 
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A television 
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lead MPs 

to Kussia 

By i vicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

Ftah ^changes planned between 
dC ni or the Coacol, isto lead Britain and the Soviet Union 

"l £ oiemW British par- 
jiameniao - delegation to 
Moscow at the end of May 
for talks with Soviet leaders 
and parliamentarians. 

While there it is expected 
they will meet Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader 

ntVA n - . 2. 

tj»s year. Mr Eduard 
Shevardnadze, the Soviet 
Foreign Minister, has been 
invited to London in March 
although it is likely his visit 
will be delayed until later in 
the year. 

. British and Soviet officials 

who visited Britain as part of 376 expected to meet soon to 
a parliamentary delegation in discuss arms control issues. 

December 1984. 

The visit, as was the the 
Soviet one before h, is being 
arranged through the Inter- 
parliamentary Union. 

It will be the first such visit 
by a group of British par- 
liamentarians to the Soviet 
Union for 1 1 years; a 
reflection of the improve- 
ment in Anglo-Soviet rela- 
tions since Mr Gorbachov 
came to power, notwithstand- 
ing last September’s tit-for-tat 
expulsions of journalists and 

The group, which has been 
invited by two senior mem- 
bers of the Supreme Soviet 
Mr L Tolkunov and Mr A. 
Voss, will be in the Soviet 
Union from May 23 to June 
4. Their journey will be one 
of a number of high level 

especially Mr Gorbachov's 
recent proposals for eliminat- 
ing nuclear weapons. 

Mr Nikita Ryzhov. a So- 
viet deputy foreign minister, 
was in London last week for 
talks with Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
the Foreign Secretary, and 
top British officials. 

Apart from Lord Whitelaw, 
other Conservative members 
in the delegation will be Mr 
David Crouch. Mr Peter 
Temple-Smith, Mr Kenneth 
Warren, Mr Roger Sims, Mr 
Robert Jackson and Mr Tony 

Opposition members will 
be Mr Denis Healey, deputy 
leader of the delegation, Mrs 
Renee Short. Mr James 
Lamond, Mr Martin 
Flannery. Mr Alan Beith. Mr 
Tom Clarke and Lord 

Delay over 
price cut 

By Darid Young 
Energy Correspondent 

The three leading oil 
companies are delaying a 
decision to cut petrol prices 
at the pumps, reflecting 
falling world oil prices, be- 
cause they fear the Chan- 
cellor will step in and restore 
them to current levels 
through increased taxation in 
his Budget next month. 

World oil prices — below 
the S20 dollar mark for the 
type of North Sea crude 
converted into petrol for the 
British motorist — mean that 
petrol profits are high enough 
to allow significant price cuts. 

However, the main oil 
companies. Esso, Shell and 
BP, are aware that higher 
excise duty on petrol will give 
them little room for manoeu- 
vre if crude prices rise. 

Petrol prices now range 
from I97p a gallon in rural 
areas in Scotland and the 
West Country to below I80p 
at some stations in the 
Leeds— Bradford area, in 
Liverpool and outer London. 

While the big companies 
delay price action. Jet, the 
Conoco marketing arm, is 
undercutting them by as 
much as 8p a gallon. 

Saudi call, page 19. 

to explain 

By Colin Hughes 

The Government's radio- 
active chemicals inspectors 
have called for an explana- 
tion from British Nuclear 
Fuels of its decision to 
discharge 440 kilograms of | 
nuclear waste from Sellafield 
into the Irish Sea last week. 

Mr William Wal degrave, a 
junior minister at the Depart- 
ment of the Environment, 
said in a Commons written 
answer yesterday to Mr John 
Taylor, Tory MP for Solihull, 
that the department had been 
told of the discharge in 
advance, and that it was well 
within the limits allowed. 
Two tonnes are discharged 
from Seffafield'5 sea water 
tanks each year, 

Mr WaJdegrave added: 
"My officials have, neverthe- 
less. asked BNFL for an 
explanation of why they 
chose to discharge this ma- 
terial in preference to any 
other options that may have 
been open to them". 

The company has written 
to Mr Taylor saying that all 
authorities had been in- 
formed of the discharge, 
which it believed would have 
“negligible'’ environmental 

gets a 

By George Hill 
Mr Alan Clark, who has 
been promoted to the post of 
Minister of State in the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry left vacant by Mr 
Paul Channon’s appointment 
to replace Mr Leon Britlan as 
Secretory of State, is one of 
the most combative and 
idiosyncratic ministers in the 

Mr Carle's job as Linder 
Secretory in the Department 
of Employment has been 
filled by Mr Ian Lang. 

45. who has been a Govern- 
ment Whip since 1983. 

Mr Clark. MP for Plym- 
outh Sutton since 1974. has 
repeatedly been involved in 
controversy', most notably 
after he was alleged to have 
said, at a private ministerial 
meeting in 1984. that im- 
migrants to Britain were 
afraid of being sent back to 
“Bongo Bongo land". The 
allegation was never denied. 

Appointed as a junior 
minister in 1983. he put his 
job at risk the next year by 
publicly attacking a decision 
by Mr Michael Heseltine, the 
then Secretary of State for 
Defence, to buy American 
instead of British missiles for 
the Navy. 

Last year he again departed 
from the official line by 
expressing public dissent 
from the Government’s Bill 
to privatize the Royal Dock- 

Mr Oark is one of the 
most colourful figures on Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher's increas- 
ingly colourless front bench. 

A right-winger with idio- 
syncratic views, he has an 
aggresive contempt for 
hypocrisy, which makes him 
a formidable but unpredict- 
able parliamentary per- 
former. Given as his first 
ministerial task an announce- 
ment of the Government’s 
acceptance of EEC treaty 
obligations regarding equal 
treatment of women, he 
showed his distaste for the 
proposal and for the EEC, by 
reading his speech in a 
derisively slow and unnatural 

Son of Lord Clark, the an 
historian, he inherited a 
considerable fonune based 
on Paisley yarn, as well as his 
father’s outstanding an 
collection. In 1984 he sold a 
single Turner for several 
million pounds. He has an 
estate of more than 10.000 
acres in Sutherland and lives 
in a castle in Kent with his 
wife Jane and their two sons. 
He has written a number of 
books on military history, 
including Donkey's, a scathing 
attack on the Allied High 
Command in the 1914-1918 
war. Mr Lang, vice-chairman 
of the Conservative Party in 
Scotland, was educated at 
Rugby and Cambridge, and 
was a director of a Lloyd's 
underwriting company and 
trustee of several Scottish 
banks before he joined the 

Antarctic ‘embassy’ opens I ‘Loyalists’ may 

By Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

Greenpeace, foe environ- 
mental organization, yes- 
terday opened an embassy m 
London to help safeguard the 
interests of Antarctica, with 
Doctor Darid Bellamy, foe 
botanist and conservationist, 
as its first ambassador. 

Ceretnoraes were held in 12 
countries where Greenpeace 
to set op an embassy or 
amsnlate, with foe decora- 
tion of Antarctica as foe first 
“world park" by a team of 
Greenpeace campaigners who 
raised a flag at foe Bay of 
Whales on foe Ross Ice 

The organization also dis- 
closed the contents of a 
leaked document which it 
claimed showed the British 
Government is baching moves 
to alter the Antarctic treaty to 
allow mineral and off explora- 

Doctor Bellamy said that 
Antarctica should be .declared 
a “no go area" for industrial 
and commercial exploitation. 

Scientific progress in develop- 
ing alternative energy sources 
meant the resources of Ant- 
arctica were not needed. They 
would also be uneconomic to 
develop- he said. 

According to Mr Robert 
Wilson, a Greenpeace cam- 
paigner, the plunder has 
already begun. He produced 
scientific evidence to show 
that 90 per cent of Antarctic Doctor David Bellamy, the botanist, in London yesterday 
rod has been fished oat by with the plaque and certificate proclaiming him as the first 

British ambassador to Greenpeace’s Antarctic world 
wildlife park (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

have killed 
Catholic man 

From Richard Ford, Belfast 

"Loyalist” ■ p aram il itaries 
are suspected of killing a 
Roman Catholic and beating 
his elderly mother after a 
masked gunman buret into 
their home yesterday. Martin 

neighbour reached him,, but 
be died on his way to 

While police were keeping 
an open mind on the motive, 
politicians were in no doubt 

Q uinn, agprf 34, was shot as .. that h was a sectarian killing. 

be (ay in bed. 

The gunman broke into the 
terraced house on the 
Bawnmore Estate, a wholly 
Roman Catholic area sur- 
rounded by loyalist housing 
in north Belfast, at 5.ISam. 

He grabbed Mis Annie 
Quinn, aged 70, and hit her 
around the face before enter- 
ing Mr Quinn’s bedroom and 
shooting him in the shoulder 
and chest 

Mrs Quinn said: “All I saw 
was this fellow coming into 
my room. He pulled me up 
and slapped me across the 
face. I screamed and when he 
went I got up and Martin was 

& on the floor." Mr 
was alive when a 

The dead man was believed 
to have had no interest in 
politics. : . 

The Bawnmore Estate has 
been the scene of several 
sectarian attacks in recent 
years mid Mr Quinn's death 
zs the fourth as a result of the 
troubles this year, 

• The leading IRA man. 
Thomas Quigley, a^d 30, 
was married yesterday in 
Albany prison m the Isle of 
Wight to a Monde woman 
thought to Jre from Belfast 
(the Press Association re- 

QuigJeywas jailed for a- 
minimum of 35 years last 
year for his part in a London - 
bombing campaign in 1981. 

Soviet vacuum factory trawl- 
ers in an area around South 
which is under 
British sovereignty. 

Mr Wilsoa alleged the 
activity had contused with 
foe connivance of (he British 
Government The Greenpeace 
vessel made a brief landing in 

obstruction from member 
countries of the Antarctic 
treaty in their attempts to 
establish a b a se, 

Mr Wilson said: “The 
Antarctic treaty states have 

Antarctica bat below freezing been actively trying to sabo- 
temperatnres forced foe. crew cage our operation. The New 
to leave earlier than planned. Zealand government refused 

to issue as with any radio 
The environmentalists licences, except for etner- 
claimed to have faced gency communications with 

their Scott Base. They also 
refused oar application for a 
■licence to use satellite 

“It is hypocrisy to accnse 
Greenpeace of being reck- 
lessly unprepared for such a 
venture on the one hand, 
while on foe other refhsrag to 
provide licences for commu- 
nications essential for foe 
safety of the expedition." 

ITV sets date for 
Europe channel 

By David Hewson, Arts Correspondent 

Independent television is 
to go ahead with its plan to 
start a cable television service 
for Europe, transmitting both 
its own and BBC pro- 
grammes. but two of the 
largest companies have de- 
cided not to take part in the 

The Independent Tele- 
vision Companies Associ- 
ation sat'd yesterday that ihe 
•■Superchannel" project 
should stan broadcasting to 
cable systems in the autumn. 

Yorkshire and Thames will 
not join the rest of the 
independent network in the 
partnership, however, though 
both are expected to sell 
programmes to the venture. 

The network has been 
designed as independent 
television's answer to Mr 
Rupert Murdoch's Sky Chan- 
nel which has pioneered 
international cable in Europe. 
Superchannei is designed to 
reach up to 10.5 million cable 

homes, offering a “best of 
British” English-language ser- 

Mr Richard Dunn, 
Thames's managing director, 
said that the company had 
derided that it had other 

The venture will use the 
Intelsat V satellite to beam 
about 18 hours a day of 
programmes throughout Eu- 

Some independent compa- 
nies have had qualms about 
the venture, which has been 
under discussion for more 
than a year, because they 
believe that Sky may have an 
unassailable viewing lead in 
homes which are interested 
in a pan-European television 

It is also unclear what will 
happen to those who are 
taking part in the consortium 
if they lose their independent 
franchises in the next round 
of franchise renewals in 1988. 

Libyans in 
training at 

By Our Political Staff 

More than 250 Libyan 
apprentices are being trained 
at British airports, the Gov- j 
eminent disclosed yesterday. i 
Guidelines have been is»i 
sued to guard against the 
security risks that their pres- 
ence might create. Mr Mi- 
chael Spicer, Under Secretary 
of State for Transport, said in 
a written reply to a question 
from Mr Harry Green way, 
Conservative MP for Ealing 

Mr Spicer said that 180 
Libyans were bring trained 
by British Airways at 
Heathrow, 22 by British 
Caledonian at Gatwick, and 
about 50 others at other 
British airports. 

Yesterday's announcement 
comes after controversy over 
the readmission to Britain of | 
one of the Libyans expelled 
after the murder of . Woman 
Police Constable Yvonne 

6 Tobacco 

By Nicholas Timmins 

The Commonwealth 
Games consortium said yes- 
terday that talk of an offer 
from the tobacco industry of 
£250, ensure that this 
year's games were not tinned 
into a “no-smoking" event 
through sponsorship by 
health bodies. ■ was 
“hypothetical". It should not 
have been interpreted as an 
offer from the tobacco in- 

The statement came after 
an account by Dr David 
Mayer, Director-General of 
the Health Education Coun- 
cil of a conversation he had 
in December with the con- 
sortium chairman Sir Russell 
Fairgreave who was alleged 
to have said the industry was 
prepared to pay to ensure 
that the games did not 
become “no-smoking". 

The. consortium said yes- 

that the consortium had 
not received any offers of 
sponsorship at any time from 
the tobacco companies, and 
was precluded from doing so 
under an agreement with the 
city council in Edinburh 
where the games are to be 

Neither • was the con- 
sortium accepting iobacco 
advertising - the result of an 
agreement with the games 
federation and its own policy 

When asked why Sir Rus- 
sell raised the possibility of 
tobacco sponsorship when 
the consortium's agreements 
prohibited it. a spokesman 
for the consortium said: "I 
think be was using it as an 

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Hunt for 
boy, 10 

Police were searching last 
night for a boy aged 10 who 
vanished after leaving school. 

Jason Airey left Nelson 
Road' School in Whitton, 
west London, at 1.15pm oft 
Thursday. The school is two 
miles from where a boy aged 
11 and his sister, aged 10. 
were abducted that same- 

However, Inspector Mi- 
chael Field said: “We are not 
linking the two incidents and 
there is nothing to suggest 
that he has been abducted". 

Jason has run away at least - 
three times in the past. 

Acclaim cars . ’ 
called in 

Austin Rover is writing tQ 
the owners of 27.500 Tri- 
umph Acclaim cars, asking! 
them to contact their dealer - 
to arrange replacement of the " 
anti-roll bar. There have been ’ 
reports of the bar giving way 
under high loads. 

The replacement bar; win 
be fitted free. The cars 
affected wefe built between ‘ 
January and March, and -■ 
August -amF December, 1983. * 

New teacher 
strike action 

Nearly a quarter of a 
million Scottish children will 
have their education dis- 
rupted next week when the- 
country's main teaching •* 
union, the Educational In- - 
statute of Scotland, steps up " 
its 14-month-okl campaign 
for an independent pay'? 
review. ' • , 

The union said yesterday 
that 11,500 teachers would., 
strike for one to three days! 

Man In the news 

Stepping out of Thatcher’s path 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

Sir Keith Joseph is the 
man who put the leadership 
of the Conservative party and 
of the country within the 
reach of Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher, and the Prime 
Minister is duly grateful. 

When Mr Edward Heath 
was under severe pressure as 
Conservative Party leader, in 
the wake of his two 1974 
election defeats, there were 
many on the Tory right who 
saw Sir Keith as their natural 

Bui with a personal dif- 
fidence that has become ihe 
mark of the man, there 
appeared to be no question of 
his own suitability for the 

job. Besides, Mrs Thatcher 
was so eager, and a natural to 
be the first woman in 
Downing Street 

Sir Keith had the experi- 
ence and the intellect He had 
been the chairman of Boris, 
the family building firm, he 
bad saved in the Macmillan 
administration and had been 
Secretary of State for Social 
Services throughout the four- 
year Heath administration. 

But he lacked the popular 
approach, ’ found it enor- 
mously difficult to reach 
hard-and-fast conclusions 
without the most agonized 
menial struggle, and then 

found it even more difficult 
to communicate the message 
he wanted to deliver. 

His politics and bis polities 
have not always been on the 
right Although be subscribed 
to the Selsdon theories of 
non-intervention in the run- 
up to the 1970 General 
Election, be joined with Mr 
Heath in his interventionist 
somersault once unemploy- 
ment began to climb. 

Nevertheless, there was an 
honesty about his arguments 
which was always engaging, 
and a loyalty which Mrs 
Thatcher has reciprocated 
since they founded the right- 
wing think-tank, the Centre 

for Policy Studies, in 1975. 

Because of that bond. Mrs: 
Thatcher would never dream, 
of asking him to go. She 
would wait until he was 
ready. • 

Sir Keith, now 68, first 
entered the Commons in a 
1956 by-election for Leeds 
North-east, the constituency 
he still represents. 

It is felt ax Westminster : 
and in Downing Street that ; 
the Governement is gening ' 
tired. Sir Keith's departure*- 
along with that of LortT 
Hailsham, is expected to give 
Mrs Thatcher her last chance 
to freshen up the image. 

First British astronaut 
leaves for training 

The man who hopes to be 
Britain's first astronaut was 
grim-faced yesterday as be 
left for foe United States 
three days after the space 
shuttle Challenger disaster. 

Squadron Leader Nigel 
Wood bad no comment to 
make at RAF Brize Norton, 
Oxfordshire, as he boarded 
foe RAF jet taking him to 
Washington for a connecting 
flight to Houston, Texas. 
Tome be will begin t raining 
at NASA headquarters. 

Squadron Leader Wood, 
aged 35, of Fleet Hampshire, 
fa a light raincoat despite a 
bleak wind and with a camera 
over bis sbonider, was 
accompanied by Lkntenant- 
Colonel Richard Farrimond. 
who will be his back-up 
daring the months of training. 

Neither of foe men's fam- 
ilies was at foe airfield to see 
them off. 

The first shuttle flight for 
Squadron Leader Wood was 
planned for Jane 24, bnt It is 
expected after foe shmtie 
disaster that there will be 
considerabte delay. 

The main purpose of his 
flight is foe launch of the first 
of three Skynet-4 military 
communications satellites for 
the Ministry of Defence. 


Squadron Leader Wood at 
Brize Norton yesterday. 

Court bans union’s bid 
to stop newspapers 

Continued from page 1 
Times and The Sun reached 
their full target figures on 
Thursday night for the first 
time since the move to the 
new plant in Wapping, east 
London, and Glasgow. 

A total of 4.4JLO0O copies 
of The Sun and 518.800 
copies of The Times were 
printed. Distribution was 
said to be steadily improving, 
particularly in the London 
area where earlier in the week 
many newsagents were 
receiving deliveries late or 
not at all 

About 20 Sunday Times 
journalists, who had refused 
to move to Wapping. were 
said yesterday to have 
changed their minds and now 
agreed to the company's 
terms. A small number were 
still not reporting for work 
and some journalists on The 
Sun had been sent dismissal 

Some 70 Sogat and Na- 
tional Graphical Association _ 
printers in Northampton ~ 
have been warned that they 
risk losing their jobs if they 
continue to refuse to print 
The Times supplements un- 
der sub-contract. The printers 
maintain that the supple- 
ments have been blacked. 

Five engineers who had 

Mr Rupert Murdoch, 
chairman of News Inter- 
MtionaL warned last night 
that foe contract with Ex- 
press Newspapers to print 
uurfoera editions of foe News 
fPorU was in jeopardy, 
pus statement follows 
cfauns from Sogat TO that 
Production workers at Ex-, 
pros* Newspapers bad voted 
to day their management 
instruction to print. 

Mr Murdoch also «»M; ** 
Failure to produce in Man-. 
Chester this weekend would 
result in foe Immediate! 
cancellation of the new teo- 
contract with 
Newspapers and will 
certainly mean an end of 

been working on new equip- ’ 
meni at the Wapping plant 

SKJF“ mcd Preston.’ 

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spy case. 

■* D ^ n< * of- 

S^»van& u ? 


ypros trial, have been 

&S h S !Bed - ftom to Ann/S 

of a genera] purge” in 
aroiuve security areasT 
v vjf McNamara, a 
«»*■ spokSan, 

*5® “DcgatioD taSS 

House oT Commons during 

1 ^ U 5 day b^ 1 ’ 5 debate an 
the Array BUL 

-JJSjafo that a number of 
Servicemen had contacted 

JS. signals Regiment based in 
Cyprus, and from other units. 
y™ ^nes of equally harsh 

th ?V m «ed out 
to the eight mei T who were 
acquitted ^at the Central 
Criminal Court . 

He added that he had 
learned from written ques- 
tions to the ministry that, 
ance the inquiry into al lege d 
breaches of security at 9 
Signals had begun, 121 men 
had been discharged 83 of 
them prematurely. He 
darned to bfive s imilar . 
figures for other regiments 
in that sensitive area”. 

Snch numbers represent 

^on e flirt of the naif, 

wh? hS d jSi Servicemen 
Wl Z ttcn * trim 
alleged that they were asked 

Army, and that 
^ tos been a . general 
purge of the regiment, as well 
~ similar units, following the 
Cyprus trial”. The ministry 

iS?* d , ut y ^ “come clean 
worn why n is doing it, and 
»wjud remember that those 

soldiers also - have Iranian 
rights”. . 

One letter to Mr Mc- 
hjhniara said soldiers had lost 
uwir security certification 
without being told the reason, 
and had been transferred to 
mundane jobs in as apparent 
attempt to “ease them from 
the service” 

Another who had been 
discharged said he had been 
harassed by police in plain 
clothes after leaving, and had 

his passport confiscated Oth- 
ers were -accused of being 
homosexual and -.were 
interrogated and ridiculed 

Records for 9 Signals last 
year show that a small 
number of soldiers ' were 
discharged from the regi- 
ment, all for “misde- 
meanours”, on the ground 

i ! Aij 

Iran rejects claim 
for siege damages 

A_ move to make the cue. Council workers' have 
Iranian' Government pay for shored up the building and 
damage to its former em- removed refuse, rubble and 
bassy during the May 1980 vermin. • 
ftinces. Gate sege was ■ The Council aimed to 
thwarted in the -High Court recover its costs by register- 
yesterday. ing land charges against the 

Westminster City Councff Property, which would would 
had hoped for a ruling which to***- P revented Jran from 

:• Hu aprvcmg of -'die KnSM«~ 

enabling it to — i -.. — a — — 

recover £200.000 spent on until the charges were paid, 
essential maintenance work . Although approved in prin- 
on the grade two listed “J* 1 ^ Land Registrar, 
property the move needed court ap- 

R..t Mr w.;~ ru-Kl P«>val; because Iran daimed 
But Mr Justice Peter Gib* die premises were covered by 
sdn ruled that the council W 

could not pursue its chum Westmmster council plans 
because of Iran s refusal to to appeal against the High 
a< ^Pt J ? ffiaal “once of the CbratSctriML . ' i 

im cars 



Mr Bruce Maulevder, QC, 



- • 1 . (j . wu Miwmw i*utun/Vbia t 

.The judge said: iy? readied for the . council, said that, 
his decision “with no although Iran had instructed 
satisfaction whatsoever”. " -' its solid tors ,to raise the 
The. .embassy - has ,. been objection, : the. Government 
unoccupied, sincq ■ it - was had not instructed them to 
gutted in the ^eige and accept service of the proceed - 1 
subsequent- SAS hosrage^res- • • logs. - •>* . .I 

s that their services were no 
longer -required. 

i Another group was dis- 
l charged at the end - of their 
1 engagement, and sane others 
t retired early by,"gmng IS 
1 months notice;- or buying 
I. themselves out Sources said 
■ the total number was be- 
' tween 30 and 40, but the 
i exact figures would be sup- 
[ plied to Mr McNamara early 
s next week. . . 
i The initial reaction of 
officials was dial Mr Mc- 
- Naxnara had either confused 
: bis figures with 9 Signals 
soldiers being' pasted away 
from Cyprus, which is nor- 
mally about ISO a year, or 
that be had included soldiers 
from other units. 

None of the misdemeanour 
discharges involved secrets. 
The two 9 Signals soldiers 
cleared at the trial were 
coming to the end of their 
Axmy engagements. After the 
trial, they attended Army 
resettlement courses and left. 
Five Royal Air Force airmen 
also cleared, are still working, j 
at the RAFs West Drayton I 
administration unit. ' 

The ministry said officials 
are examining the claim “and 
will be responding” 

Tunnel to 
link jail 
and court 

By Peter Evans 

Home Affairs 


The Central Criminal 
Court's link with the fete of 
terrorists is being threatened. 

A new crown court com- 
plex at Woolwich is expected 
to take over many top 
security trials because a huge 
new prison is bring built next 
door with a walkway or 
tunnel to take accused terror- 
ists on remand to face justice. 

Most prisoners on trial ait 
the Central Criminal Court 
for alleged terrorism have, to 
be taken and returned daily 
to Brixion prison. 

Six crown courts and a 
magistrates -court - will be 
provided at Woolwich at an 
expected cost of £8 milli on. 1 
The project should be com- 
peted in, 1990. 

the drug 

The Process or Wales 
yesterday met the men and 
women masterminding; the 
intelligence war against the 
drag barons who. flood 
Britain's streets with misery 
and death. 

The Princess is concerned 
with drag abase, partic ularly 
among young people. 

She was given details of the 
campaign when she visited 
the National Drugs Intelli- 
gence Unit, set up by the 
Government last year to 
spearhead a drive .to smash 
drag trafficking. 

The unit, based at Scotland 
Yard, is staffed by police and 
customs officers responsible 
-for the gathering aid analysis 
of intelligence on dealers and 

Officers showed the Prin- 
cess how inteOigeiice was 
gathered worl dw ide and de- 
scribed “Operation Bishop”, 
the drug swoop which netted 
mote than 4 J tons of 
“Lebanese gold” two years 
ago, the biggest seizure of 
cannabis resin in Weston 

The Princess met Det Snpt 
John Newton of No 5 
Regional Crime Squad and 
Mr Nick Adams, of the 
Customs and Excise, who 
were members of the “Opera- 
tion Bishop” team. 

She also met two overseas 
drug liaison officers, Mr Tim 
Egan, from Australia, and Mr 
Gtmiiar Larsen, who repre- 
sents the Nordic police forces 
in the unit. 

Mr Cohn Hewect, deputy 
assistant commissioner, the 
unit's co-ordiiiator,who before 
his appointment led Scotland 
Yard's fight against the IRA, 
said: “The Princess appeared 
well informed about the 

■*. -hi* 

r W' ' f 



The Princess of Wales arriving for a briefing at the new 
National Drugs Intelligence Unit in London yesterday. 

amount of drug abase in this 

“She was very alert to the 
relationship between the 
intelligence we gathpr and 
what follows from it I got the 
impression that she would 
like to know more.” 

Last summer the Princess 
spoke of her fears about drag 

addiction when she visited the 
BBC Television Centre in 
London to natch the record- 
ing rif a two-hoar special 
programme, Drugwtnch. 

When she and the Prince 
of Wales were in America 
last November she visited a 
drag rehabilitation centre for 
adolescents in Washington* 

Terror trial judge to sum up 

The terrorist bomb plot 
trial at Manchester Crown 
Court was adjourned yes- 
terday until Monday, when 
Mr Justice Mann will begin 
his summing-up. 

Before the adjournment, 
the defence had daimed that 
a retired pyschiatrisr accused 
of befog part of the plot stood 
for the- preservation of life 
and not killing. 

Dr Maire O'Shea, aged 66, 
would never have thrown 
away everything she had 
achieved by bring part of the 
plot to bomb the Hereford- 
shire home, of an SaS 

lieutenant colonel, Mr Mi- 
chael Mansfield said in his 
closing speech. 

“She stands for the 
preservation of life and not 

Dr O'Shea, of Solihull 
Road, Sparkhill, in Bir- 
mingham, denies conspiring 
to cause an explosion and 
failing to provide informa- 
tion about an act of terror- 

Hie prosecution claims she 
provided safe houses for the 
bomb plot team. 

Also in the dock was 

Patrick Brazil, aged 35, a 
merchant seaman, of Dublin, 
who has pleaded not guilty to 
conspiracy. Two other defen- 
dants have already pleaded 
guilty to the conspiracy and 
will be sentenced at the end 
of the trial. 

Mr Michael Maguire, QC 
defending Mr Brazil, told the 
jury in his closing speech that 
his client would never have 
volunteered for “this dan- 
gerous mission, risking 
imprisonment, if he was 
apprehended” had he known 
that a package he was given 
contained griignite. 

in pciil 
by cash 

By Tim Jones 

Deep in the far west of 
Cornwall, Minnie the Hima- 
layan bear is sleeping peace- 
fully through the snow- 
flecked winter, unaware that 
she may not survive to eqjoy 
waking in the spring. 

For her owner, Mr Ken 
Trengoved, has been told that 
tmless he can pay a £153.60 
licence fee the bear he has 
owned since she was a cnb , 
may have to be destroyed. I 

To Mr Trengoved, how- 
ever, the demand represents 
an impossible amount, for he 
is unemployed and has only a 
disablement pension on which 
to live. 

His local authority, Kerrier | 
District CoandL, has only 
recently found oat about 
Minnie and has to demand 
the fee under the Dangerous 
Wildlife Act, 1976. 

Mr Trengoved, who lives in 
a caravan os Newton Moor, 
Troon, said: “The last thing 
in the world I want to lose is 
Minnie, who has bees my 
friend for 20 years. She is 
only half way throngh her 

Minnie, who stands more 
than 5 ft tall and weights 350 
lb is kept in a secure cage in 
a compound which she snares 
with dogs, cats, horses, rab- 
bits, a vixen, ferrets and a 

Mr Tresgroved said: “I 
love animals but Minnie is 
special. Even if she was taken 
away to somewhere else I 
don't think she would live 
long, for this is ter home.” 

Mr Bob Reason, the 
coundTs deputy chief health 
officer, said: “We have no 
Option but to collect this 
licence fee. If Mr Trengoved 
cannot find the money th en 
perhaps a new home coaid be 
found for Minnie in a zoo or 
circus. She would only be pot 
down in the last resort.” 

He said the licence fee was 
high because to comply with 
the Act the tear would have 
to be evamhwd by a vet 
specializing in exotic animate. 

Mr Reason said that since 
the possible fate of Minnie 
had become known some 
local people had contacted 
the council offering financial 
help to Mr Trengoved. “It 
may be that this story will 
have a happy outcome.” 

His sentiment no doubt will 
be shared by Minnie, who, 
deep in hibernation, is prob- 
ably dreaming of honey. 





Drug addicts Andrew and 
Marion Russell were jailed 
yesterday for the man- 
slaughter of their daughter 
Simone, aged 15 months, 
whose dummy was dipped m 
a heroin substitute, 

Andrew Russell was sen- 
tenced to 10 years and his 
wife to seven after the jury at 
the Central Criminal Court 
decided they unlawfully 
killed the child by “delib- 
erately administering” a mas- 
sive overdose of Methadone. 

The Common Serjeant of 
London, Judge Thomas 
Pigot, said the punishment 
must be a deterrent to protect 
young children in drug- 
dominated households. 

The Russells, both 36, 
unemployed, of LarkhiU Es- 
tate. StockwelL South Lon- 
don, were also found guilty of 
child cruelty. They had de- 
nied the charges. 

The court had been told 
that the couple had taken 
heroin the night before 
Simone died. 

They were still high or 
beginning to suffer with- 
drawal symptoms the next 
day, when their hungry baby 
became fractions and started 
to cry for food. 

“She was getting on their 
nerves. They went over the 
top and gave her a dose of 
Methadone to quieten her” 
Mrs Barbara Mills said for 
the prosecution. 

“It was sufficiently large to 
have killed any adult not 
addicted to the drug. They 
knew it was dangerous.” 

The couple denied giving 
Simone Methadone just be- 
fore she died, although they 
admitted dipping her dummy 
in the green linctus to soothe 
her when she was teething. 

The judge said he accepted 
that the Russells were loving, 
caring parents who were 
distraught at Simone's death. 
“1 accept her death will 
continue to pain and distress 

But be added: “On Feb- 
ruary 2. your child was happy 
and normal, not suffering 
from the teething troubles, 
yet you administered the 
drug to your child. 

“I am satisfied it was 
probably under the influence 
of drugs which caused you to 
behave as you did. 

“There must be an increas- 
ing number of households 
which are drug-dominated 
and in which young children 
are bring brought up- They 
are [inevitably at risk.” 

V&A Tails to save Bernini Arrest by 

ByDavid Hewson, ArtsCorrespoudeiit TH Q tOTl S t 

Phe Victoria St Albert whose death has forced tike raise a. pwchase find dose to . Ilicjlflpfl 
■seam has lost its attempt estate to raise money to pay £3 million as evidence of the I U3 IJULlvU 

L_ 4k. ■«- 4 m » ----- - : LTl ■ w 


The Victoria St Albert 
Mnseum has lost its attempt 
to toy the world's most 
expensive scalptee, the £3 
mUfion Jternioi. host from 
Castie Howard after faffing to 
raise sufficient money to 
proceed with - the sale. 

The Best bogie of the tostY 
remahriog hi Britain probably 
rests with the National Gaf- 
4$ lery of Scotland which is 
understood to be negoti at ing 
a private treaty sale for the 
same price. 

Mr Simon Howard, one of 
the four sons of the late Lord 
Howard of HenderskeHe, 

whose death has forced tike 
estate to raise money to pay 
capital transfer tax charges, 
said yesterday that talks with 
an oimamsA buyer for a 
private treaty sale were 
coatimdng,. and if concluded 
the bust would remain in 

- “We . mast now lode for 
another buyer hot we cannot ■ 
disclose . of .the 

negotiations. It would be sad 
to see the tost go abroad tot 
if-fa the end that is the only 
way we can ratee the money it 

Arte worid'Sgnres cite the 
Victoria St Afbot's fallHre to 

a*s bid 

«?>’* j , m j 4 ' 

;j. v' 

' VjrfJ 


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a* ^ 

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a .** 1 I 

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The host of Archbishop del Pozzo which may, foe flue lack 
of £3 bpIBoPs find a home abroad. ■ - ■ 

Youth training fund 
A cuts ‘hurt disabled’ 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 


Government-funded youth -March 3L - 

training. Miss Vivien Stern, The shop stewards said 
director of the National ■ yesterday that Nacro spon- 
Actoejation for the Care and -sore 43 youth training 
Resettlement of Offenders, schemes across the. country. 
Sid yesterday- “Erota April the fiurtm* of 

5910 - schemes sponsored by vbl- 

“Tbe new two-year training imlary bodies such as Nacro ; 
•jdieme will not calte aoc- ■ ^ fgduced priority by . 
f^uaiely for many of tto GovemmenL In j fact; 
young people who drastic cuts are assured. 

m0 f- cf— tho ^ : Sir Richard Jot- 1 

include yoara mer chainnan of the .Man- 
** Sng power Services Cemm^on, 

P»P te JJ? 1 ' SSdlra. Sdthe conference: “Those 

cullies and ex-ouenac^ ^ ^ faenr l0 day are con^ , 

ac ehp was roeakingr Nacro ceraed with, what happens to . 

strike ^ less able youngstete^d 
^ ^nce of blank« tbose young peopfe-who4ave. 

au 429 Z contend wnh .ali^the 
5^mtosofUS you* training, pressures of inne^ city 

IO the joint" . „ . -A r-v ^ r-A Jc- I 

raise apmetose fond dose to 
£3 mOtion as evidence of the 
growing inability of British 
institutions to make pur- 
chases in a market where 
prices have reached spectacu- 
lar levels. 

“If we can’t afford to toy 
the Ber nin i in a private treaty 
sale, what chance would we. 
stand on the open market 
where It conld fetch between 
£7m and £10nT” asked one 
arts world collector. The 
National Art-Collections 
Fund had offered £250^)00 
towards the purchase, tot the 
National Heritage Manorial 
Fund did not offer a contribu- 
tion, apparently because' it 
felt that it bad insufficient 
frmds.The Pilgrims Trust had 
offered monejr, as bad 
an umber of individuals, and 
the V&A had been wiffiaj to 
use most of its £lJi45m 
purchase pant to buy the 
tost, but even, this left the 
mnseum well- short of the 
.asking price. 

The tost, of Archbishop 
del Pozzo, has beat in Britain 
since 1715 and is the work of 
the greatest European sculp- 
tor of the seventeenth cen- 

If it were to be offered for 
sale to a foreign buyer, it 
seems certain that the Gov- 
ernment would suspend ex- 
port, probably far six months, 
in order to give British 
institutions a fast chance to 
raise the money to boy it If 
two pmcfaase attempts have 
failed by that stage, however, 
it seems unlikely that the 
tost will remain in Britain. 

A motorist who claimed he 
had made a “citizen’s arrest” 

I by forcing another car off the 
road after a chase has been 
cleared of reckless driving in 
the Court of Appeal. 

John Renonf aged 47, of 
Lopcombe . Corner, 
Winterelowjn Wiltshire, al- 
leged that the occupants of 
the other car had ear lie. 
thrown objects at his car. He 
had his conviction quashed 
and the £100 fine imposed on 
‘ him at Winchester Crown 
Court on May 3 last year was 
set aside. 

Lord Justice Lawton, sit- 
ting with Mr Justice Hollings 
and Mr Justice Michael 
Davies, said that Mr Renouf, 
a vehicle repairer, had been 
struck on the arm during the 
incident near Salisbury. 

That amounted to an 
assault in law, and Renouf 
had been entitled to “arrest” 
the men. It was alleged that 
forcing the other car off the 
A30 was reckless. 

Lord Justice Lawton said it 
was Mr Renouf s case that be 
bad only used reasonable 
■forceto assist in the arrest 
The case was unusual, but 
Mr Renouf had a defence 
which Mr Justice Bristow 
should have left to the jury to 

The appeal judges refused 
leave to appeal to the Lords, 
but Crown counsel will pe- 
tition the Law Lords for a 
prosecution appeal. 

Home Banking is here! 

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'Mt , 



Watchdogs to monitor 
Telecom services 

/ By BiD Johnstone, Teehnofogy Correspondent 

4 *JZP**Z 


&2SS visory comnuttee. ^ 
Technical and Supervisory . . . : : 

. .Domestic . telephone 
subscribers and small busi- 
nesses are expected to be the 
firct beneficiaries of a net- 
. work of telephone watchdogs 
created ' by the (Mice of 

- Telecommunications (Oftel). 

.A range of British 
Telecom's activities is ta be 
monitored by a team of 2,000 
-_1 q 3,000 consumers around 
the country which will report 
bn the 'corporation's perfor- 
mance. The . services to be 

- watched include dialled- ser- 
vices.' operator-assisted calls, 
■'directory inquiries, fault re- 
pairs tod public call boxes. 

!. .The is the latest 
attempt by Oftel to assess the 
performance . ^>f British 
■Telecom independently. 

. Professor Bran Carsberg, 
■ifirector generaf of Oftel, 
foe moqopoly of British 
Telecom its many 

means that a watch on the 
quality of telephone services 
is vital if the consumer is to 
have a fair deal. 

Professor Caisbei^ says: 
“Many telecommunications 
services are not subject to 
stoiificant competition, and 
information about the quality 
of those services must be ! 
collected and published ' for 1 
the . protection of the tele- 
phone users. 

“Measurement will focus at 

first on services provided by 
British Telecom and Kings- 
ton .upon HuU Ci^ Council. 
British Telecom has stated 
“W* 88 a private company it 
not intend to publish 
“to statistics it gathers about 
the quality of ns services. 

“In any event, . Oftel is the 
• right body to db this job 
because or its independence 
from British Telecom. ; 

;; ie 

I Suds 
I 'ebd 
1 st 
r atio 
3 thei 
s n pa 
.1 SOU! 

_ "S off 


I ; a Pi) 

3 1 







I would like to know afl about Home Banking from t Wk A «TVT All CPAAH>T 

Bank of Scotland. Please send me your information pack OXXO KAfllM Uf 91lU A MAKlfc 
Post to: Home Bonking Centre^ Bank of Scorfonof, vas aSi: 

FREEPOST, Edinburgh, EH10AA 



: i , A 

Reforms in wage laws 
move Britain nearer 
a cashless society 

weeping law nrihm*. ^ . 9/ 

{Lords urge 
caution on 
motor oil 

Sweeping law reforms 
affecting payment of wages 
and bringing a possible cash- 
less society a stage closer 
were announced yesterday bv 
the Paymaster General, Mr 
Kenneth Clarke. 

^ They come in the Wages 
oilU which contains 10 key 
provisions, aims lo repeal the 
“went Truck Acts, restricts 
the operation of Wage Coun- 
cils to workers over 21, and 
abolishes payment of redun- 
dancy rebate to employers 
with 10 or more employees. 

Savings on redundancy 
rebates for the Government 
will amount to £40 million in 
the first year and £200 
million in the second. 
Administration costs on the 
reformed Wage Councils will 
save a further £1 million a 

Introducing the Bill yes- 
terday, Mr Clarke said: "The 
central purpose of this Bill is 
to create job opportunities, 
particularly for young people. 

"We must remove out of 
date restrictions that restrain 
the ability of businesses to 
develop and to offer new 
jobs. The law on wages that 
we are replacing goes back to 
Victorian and Edwardian 
times and reflects historical 
social conditions. 

"This Bill will make it 
easier to employ people 
under modern conditions, 
and will remove the regular 
tion and rigidity of the 
present system." 

The Government's pro- 
posals fonhe reform of Wage 
Councils is certain to raise a 
storm of protest from the 
trade union and labour 
movement, and particularly 
from organizations concerned 
with the interests of the low 

The Government's case is 
that in recent years young 
people have been priced out 
of jobs because their wages 
are too high in relation to 
adult wages. 

Mr Clarke said this situa- 
tion was made worse when 
young people's rates were 
enforced by criminal law in 
some industries. 

“The so-called protection 
of the Wage Councils is 
worthless to a young person 
who cannot get a job because 
it is illegal to pay him at a 
wage be is prepared to accept. 
Wage Council Orders will 
therefore no longer apply to 
young people." 

For adults, he said, die 
proposals would simplify the 
operation of die Wages 
Council system and sweep 
away many of the complex- 
ities. He gave an example of 
one current wage order which 
was 34 pages long, and set 
out 14 4 different rates. 

Mr Clarke did not think it 
would result in adults being 
dismissed because it would 
be cheaper to employ young 
people instead. He said there 
was no evidence that this 
would be the case since 

«7 By Hugh Clayton 

employers preferred people Environment Correspondent 
with long experience. Motorists should stop 

The Bill introduces im- pouring sump oil down 
porta m rights for employees drains and burning it on 

I . •- • 

<■ • £ 

on deductions from their pay. 
Deductions will be unlawful 

bonfires, a House of 
committee said yes- 

unless it is for such things as terday. But it rejected EEC 
income tax or national insur- demands for controls on 
ance. matters set out in a burning that would prevent 
contract of employment or small garages from us ing 
has the written consent of the spent oil to heat their 
worker. workshops and offices. 

Mr Clarke said: "As well as The Lords select commit- 
making the law easier to tee on the European Coramu- 
understand, it will act as a nities, chaired by Lord 
spur to non-cash methods of Nathan, said that about 
wage payment, which are 430,000 tonnes of waste oil 
more efficient and reduce the was produced from annual 
chance of serious crime". consumption of more than 

He said the Bill was one of 800,000 tonnes. About a 
the most significant acts of quarter of the waste was 
de-regulation In die field of burned by the companio that 
wage payment ever under- produced it and a much 
taken. It replaced J3 whole smaller amount was cleaned 

Acts, more than 200 orders, 
and parts of other legal 

to be used _ 

^ _ I However, the destiny of 

instruments, with just one about 1 00,000 tonnes of 
enactment. waste a year was unknown. 

Miss Clare Short, the the committee said. "Much 
shadow employment min- of this is probably in the 
ister, served notice today that form of used crankcase oil 
Labour would oppose this from vehicles whose owners 

"mean-minded measure’ "in 
its entirely. 

Miss Short said the Bill 
would lead to the collapse of 
shopworkers’ pay and con- 
ditions, and would 
afiectwomen and black work- 
ers in particular. 

She added: “Once we 
regain power we will restore 
protection for the lowest paid 
and introduce a national 
minimum wage for all". 

Japanese ballerina must leave 

A top Japanese ballerina case that work permits are 
was told yesterday her work not normally issued to allow 

permit as a principal dancer 
with die Manchester-based 
Northern Ballet Company 

ballet dancers to fiD perma- 
nent positions. 

“1 do not donbt that Miss 

cannot be renewed and sbe Shimizu is a talented dancer 

will have to return home. 

The Department of 
Employment has issued three 
work permits over the past 18 
months to Shimizu Yoko aged 
35, to enable the company to 
find a replacement. 

But Mr Alan Clark, Un- 
der-Secretary of State at the 
department, has told Mr Tom 
Pendry, Labour MP for 
Staiybridge and Hyde, in a 
letter “I do not believe any 

and has been required to fill a 
regular position with North- 
ern Ballet" 

But he added: "Three work 
permits have been issued 
quite exceptionally over the 
last 18 months to enable 
Northern Ballet to find a 

"I find it hard to believe 
that daring this time no one 
has been considered suitable 
to fill the role of principal 

new evidence has been pro- dancer from among our own 
dneed which would persuade talented performers." 

me to reverse my last decision 
in this case. 

"I have made it dear to the 
many people involved in this 

Mr Pendry said: "This is 
very sad, especially for those 
provincial towns which will 
be deprived of her talents". 

Shimizu Yoko: No more 
permits after 18 months. 

do their own oil changes and 
dispose of the waste oil in 
some unauthorized manner." 

Household dumping of 
waste oil was the mam area 
for concern in Britain, the 
committee said. The tight 
controls on all burning which 
were being demanded by the 
EEC Commission had not 
been backed by evidence that i 
existing controlled bunting 
was polluting the air. 

The Society of Motor 
Manufacturers and Traders 
warned the committee that 
the stringent controls de- 
manded by the EEC Com- 
mission would not prevent 
thousands of motorists who 
changed their own oil from 
pouring it down drains or on 
the ground. 

The committee said that 
publicity about such un- 
authorized dumping was 

Disposal ' of Waste Oils. 
House of Lords; Stationery 
Office. £6.30. 

Dye divorce 

Mr Brian Dye, the horse 
trainer, divorced his wife of 
17 years. Sue, in London 
yesterday because of her 
adultery with Mr Harvey 
Smith. The showjumper was 
named in an undefended 
"quickie" divorce petition. 

A policeman and bis dog in Miami 
clash with one of more than 1,500 
Haitians celebrating premature reports 
of the overthrow of President Jean- 
Ciasde Duval ter who were angered 
when a car ran into a crowd, and, po- 
lice said, an officer was shot and 12 
people injured. 

The angry crowd overturned and 
burnt several cars, including the one 

Haitian flare-up in Miami Retired 


for spying 

Ftom Susan MacDonald 

A retired French Air Force 
NCO has been arrested on 
charges of spying for the 
Soviet Union. 

The named as M 

Bernard Sourissau. aged 44. 
was arrested eight days ago 

by the counter-espionage unit 
of the DST, France's internal 
intelligence service. 

After the suppression by 
the Socialists of the Court of 
State Security, M Sourissau 
will be tried by an assize 
court, without a jury, before 
judges and officials specializ- 
ing hi military affairs. 

Said to be a former 
helicopter pilot, M Sourissau 
is alleged to have passed 
secrets on the movement of 
French nuclear submarines 
near Brest to a KGB agent in 

they said drove into them and iqinred Baris. 

five or six people, one critically. A po- M -Iacques 

lice spokesman said that there was SSSSSJftSSSwS'SS: 

» V s *;. ?*** v oting. <h eg Estonian port of Tallin be- 

finstrarions. I’d call it a disturbance.” caoje he believed his city was 
He estimated the crowd at 1,500 to “an impor tan t observation 
2,000. point" for East European 

: * 


He estimated the crowd at 1,500 to 

2 , 000 . 

One officer was shot In the arm by countries, notably the Soviet 

f * liu:^ 

an unknown assailant. 


Botha’s speech to Parliament 

Bizarre offer on prisoners 

! , * » T ) ! 

TV?/?! i 

Ik 1 '” 


Child care 

Bill to prevent child tragedies 
like that of Jasmine Beckford 

A Conservative 

backbencher's Bill to 

Mr Walters said everyone 
had been appalled at the 

strengthen the protection of number of cases of vicious, 
children in care, reducing the sadistic cruelty to children. The 

likdihood of tragedies like that 
of jasmine Beckford. was given 
an unopposed second reading 
in the Commons. Its sponsor, 
Mr Dennis Walters (Westbury. 
CJ, in moving the second 
reading, said there was wide- 
spread public concern about 
the number of cases involving 
child cruelty. 

There was also anxiety about 
the many cases involving 
children in care who, having 
been removed from the home 
where they suffered abuse were 
subsequently returned to that 
home only to suffer more abuse 
and, in some horrifying cases, 

Mr Raymond Whitney. Un- 
der Secretary of State for 
Health and Social Security, 
explaining the Government's 
reservations, asked if the pro- 
posals were the best way to 
achieve an effective legal 
framework while ensuring 
proper recognition of the rights 
ana responsibilities of parents. 

He pointed out that reform 
of the law in this area had been 
considered by the Social Ser- 
vices Select Committee of the 
Commons and resulted in 200 
recommendations. The re- 
sponse to that report had been 
generally favourable and the 
Government would report to 
the House shortly its conclu- 
sions on how best lo proceed- 

While the Bill was timely in 
the light of recent horrifying 
cases of child abuse, it was also 
untimely in view of the 
advanced state of the 
Government’s own major re- 
view of child care law, to which 
he had just refe r red. 

Bill introduced a new safeguard 
to protect children In care by 
amending the law in relation to 
representation of innocent par- 
ties and of appeals. It in- 
troduced the right of transfer 
from magistrates' courts to the 
High Court 

The changes were intended 
to make the law fairer and 
more effective. As such it 
should be welcomed by social 
workers because it was de- 
signed to assist them and not 
to hinder their work. 

A new and important safe- 
guard in the Bill was the 
provision that the decision to 
return a child in care to his or 
her original home would be 
considered by three objective 
but concerned persons. No 
system was perfect but any 
airing should be on the side of 

Mr Norman Godmsn (Gree- 
nock and Port Glasgow. Lab) 
said tbe Bill could be improved 
because there were defleiences 
in it Time was important, and 
in Scotland the Sheriffs Court 
could be brought in within 
seven days. Delays south of tbe 
border should be dealt with. He 
was concerned, too. at the lack 
of training of magistrates in 
child care cases in England. 

Mr Charles Morrison 
(Devizes. O said that, sadly, 
mistakes were made with tragic 
consequences for children. Mis- 
takes couk) not always be 
avoided because human judge- 
ments were involved but the 
Bill would make mistakes less 

Mr Roger Sims (ChisJchurst, 

C) said he was once chairman were wrong; it was simply bad 
of a juvenile court and if there practice, 
were ever times when he was The same bench of mag- 
unable to sleep at night it was isirates. or at least the same 1 
after having lo make a decision chairman, should consider a 
on child care cases. particular case. 

We are saying (he went on) In many cases a child was 
that the state is deciding that found later to have been losing 
the parent or parents must be weight. A requirement for a 
deprived of their cbiidnren. regular medical examination 

judgement wm crilicaod law * 


Armed by a court. He favoured \ That ihrrr mrrr ohnnr 

,v,„ q.ii _ estimated that there were about 

1 JSI i«2 20 ways in which a child could 

which n.fmwt fn the trecihililv 80 iftO local authority CaTC. 
X? 1 Mr Nicholas Bakerl (North 

Sh?m £ cSbSSS C > 5 

fiL Who „o»M decide if people 

rs £J? respomteMS m SSSTbifei Tb. J35S 

~ . mem of a system of family 

Mr Peter Thurnham (Bolton, courts 
North East. O said he had Ms Harriet Harman 
adopted a child who had been (Peckham, Lab) said she had 
six years in care and had been substantial and considerable 
shuttled about from pillar to reservations about the BUI 
post He hoped the BUJ would which were widely shared 
be successful among organisations represent- 

Mrs Virginia Bortomley ing social workers, local 
(South Wes* Surrey, O, a authorities and magistrates' 
former chairman of a London derics. 

juvenile court and a qualified The scope of the Bin should 
psychiatric social worker, be narrowed so that a court 
welcoming the Bill said she appearance was required only 
did not share the hesitation of when a child was likely to be 

President Botha of South 
Africa opened the 1986 
session of Parliament here 
yesterday with a s pe ec h that 
promised moves towards 
greater democracy and shar- 
ing of political power be- 
tween different racial groups, 
but in disappointingly vague 
terms that shed little light on 
bis Government’s real in- 

The only wholly un- 
expected element in the 
speech was a bizarre offer to 
discuss with other "interested 
governments” a joint release 
from prison or detention "on 
hu manitarian gro unds " <jf Mr 
Nelson Mandela, the African 
National Congress leader 
imprisoned in South Africa, 
the Soviet dissidents Profes- 
sor Andrei Sakharov and Mr 
Anatoly Shcharansky, and 
Captain Wynand Du Toil, a 
South African commando 
captured in Angola last year 
while on a sabotage mission. 

Mr Botha’s tone was less 
, aggressive than on some 
previous occasions, notably 
1 in bis disastrous address to a 
National Party congress in 
Durban last August, but he 
said little that was new. His 
speech mainly confirmed re- 
forms that had been an- 
nounced or indicated without 
spelling out their implica- 
tions in any detaiL 

Among “the most im- 
portant matters" which, he 
said, would be translated into 
legislation during the present 
session were the restoration 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 
of Sooth African citizenship offer advice on matters of 

to some blacks; the "involve- 
ment of black communities 
in decision malting"; the 
introduction of freehold 
property rights for blacks and 
"uniform identity documents 
for all population groups” 

Tijese are all potentially 
important reforms, but 
heavily qualified. About eight 
million of South Africa's 23 
million blacks lost their 
citizenship when four of tbe 
country’s 10 tribal homelands 
to which all blacks are 
assigned tty tribe became 
nominally independent 

About two-thirds of these 
right million blacks actually 
live in the homelands con- 
cerned. They will not accord- 
ing to Mr Botha, qualify for 
restoration of citizenship. 
Only those who "perma- 
nently reside in the Republic 
of South Africa” those in 
the white-controlled 86 per’ 
cent of the country lying 
outside the homeland - wiD 
be eligible. 

Mr Botha did not say at 
what level of decision-making 
blacks were to be involved. 
Later in his speech, however, 
he announced his intention 
to negotiate the establish- 
ment of a "national statutory 
council” under his chairman- 
ship. Tribal homeland lead- 
ers, as well as "leaders of 
other black communities and 
interest groups", would be 
invited to be members; 

The council. Mr Botha 
said, would consider and 

offer advice on matters of White ft per would set out 
common concern, including the Government’s response 
legislation, and "the creation to a recommendation last 
of constitutional structures year by the President's Coun- 
jointiy to be agreed upon for cil, a multi-racial advisory 
our mufti-cultural society”. body, that the whole system 
The restoration of freehold of influx control should be 
property rights outside the abolished, 
homeland will still be subject For the rest, Mr Botha's 
to tbe Group Areas Act, speech was a characteristic 
which means that blacks will mixture of contradictions, 
be able to purchase property Although he talked of South 
only where it is available .in Africas having outgrown "the 
the ghetto townships set aside out-dated concept of 
for blades on the fringes of apartheid", most of bis 
white towns. They will not be speech was filled with the 

able to move into white vocabulary of apartheid, 
suburbs. "We believe that a demo- 

Mr Botha also promised cratic system of government, 
that work would begin which must accommodate all 
"shortly” on the drafting of legitimate- political aspira- 
legislation "to remove exist- tioss of all the South African 

legislation "to remove exist- 
ing influx control measures”. 
The present system, he said, 
bad become "too costly" and 
was “obsolete”. 

Influx control is the term 
used to describe die vast 
array of regulations which 

communities, must be 
negotiated", he declared in a 
characteristic passage. 

The two key words here are 
“legitimate” and 

"communities". Legitimate 
means those political aspira- 

restrict the movement of lions considered reasonable 
blacks outride the tribal by Pretoria, which do not 
homeland. The pass laws are include black majority rule, 
the main instrument for while communities empha- 

exercisrng these controls. 

Mr Botha was vague about 

size the need for a com- 
promise between the different 

when the existing system racial groups, 
would be removed and what Mr Botha did say in his 
would replace it He said the speech that his Government 
Government favoured mea- accepted the principle of 
sores which urould "facilitate "one citizenship for all South 
orderly urbanization", which Africans, implying equal 
many people here think could treatment and 

simply be a euphemism for opportunities", but was care- 

y.y -• : 

influx control achieved by 
other means. 

fid not to say that such 
citizenship also carried with 

Beirut news just as 
usual — all bad 

From Robot Fisk, Beirut 

The ceasefire in die latest Muslim mil 
battle of tbe camps had once more, 
broken down, die Lebanese already act 
pound bad fallen tether militia of 
against die dollar, tbe head of Palestinian < 
Lebanese Customs announced camp at ch 
that the number of illegal guerrillas ha 
ports on the coastline had into the wall 
created a catastrophic situs- cheap breeze 
tion in his department. The preparation I 
fighting in the mountains of fighting, 
above the presidential palace 
had brought down tbe power Nor does 
Ones, ami electricity rationing be any end t 
was hack. of foreigners 

Mastim militiamen r e su me d 
once more. The FLO has 
already accused the Anal 
mil i tia of murdering six 
Palestinian civilians near the 
camp at the weekend, and 

President Botha said that a it eq ual political rights. 

Three more US vetoes 
expelled on vote on 
suspicion Jerusalem 

From David Bernstein 
Jer usalem 

Israel has expelled three 
Palestinians suspected of 

guerrillas have smashed boles subversive activity on behalf 
into the walls of many of the of two guerrilla organizations, 
cheap breeze-block homes, in the Democratic Front for’tfae 
preparation for another round liberation of Palestine and 
of fighting. the Popular From for the 

those who feared it would 
impede progress towards a 
family court, in many ways it 
would heighten attention and 

physically at risk. What was 
needed was not automatic 
review, which was likely to 
become a rubber stamp but a 

speed the development of the complaints system. 

family court. 

In most cases that had come 

Mr Whitney said the Bill 
might also lead to reluctance by 

to public attention recently of authorities to undertake pos- 
children suffering appallling inve rehabilitation because of 
injuries ai the hands of their the extra work and delays 
parentsJhe procedures laid caused by preparing tbe case 

Those were just a few of 
the headlines in yesterday's 
Beirut newspapers, and they 
make familiar reading. Save 
for a delegation of Christian 
Maronjte parliamentarians 
due to set off for Damascus 
as mediators between Presi- 
dent Gemayel and the Syrian 
Vice-President, tbe news from 
Beirut is aU bad - as usnaL 

With the Lebanese pound 
tumbling to 33 to the 
poandsterllng, compared to 

Nor does there appear to, 
be any end to the kidnapping ! 
of foreigners in Muslim west 
Beirut Yesterday morning 
Mr Do Chae-Sung, second 
secretary at tbe Korean 
embassy, was abducted at 
gunpoint from his chauffeur- 
driven car on the seafront at 
R&mlet ef-Baida. 

si- As usuaL it happened | 

van during the morning rush 

om hour, in front of dozens of 
uL witnesses. None of them 

—j lifted a finger to help Mr 
^ Cbae-Sung as he was handled 
into another car by fire 

Protection for wrecks 
of ships and aircraft 

down had not been followed. It for court. Would that be the in 
was not that the procedures child’s best interests? 

Youthful smoking 
causes concern 

only five in 1983, economic 

instability does at last seem boWifl 8 automatic nfies. 

lOr^^S ** C0 “ Xtry,S De motive can baldly be 
lOyeara of war. political - no Lebanese 

For much of yesterday prisoners are held in Korea — 
morning, mortars fell near and it is probably only a 
the Chatfla Palestinian camp matter of time before Mr 
as the battles between Phi- Chae-Sung's employer re- , 
estio i a n guerrillas and Shia oeives a ransome note. 

m M . . . , , . I 

Australia rethinks 

From Stephen Taytor^ydney 

The search by Australians tion has to be put to a 
for a truly national identity referendum and such is the 
has resumed with a commis- intrinsic conservatism of 
l sion being set up to review Australia that only eight out 
and rewrite the country’s 85- of 38 amendments proposed 
year-old constitution, in the past have been 

The two-year review, due ap PJJ}'2?- « Mr H ao *p 
to be completed in time for JgJjg: ,,*“1 
the bicentenary celebration in frramd£ r “f commission, a 
1988, was launched on cotmuopal wisdom is that 

Thursday by Mr Bob Hawke. JJJJSEFKL 

the Prime Minister, as part of 5® 

A Bill to make it an offence 
to interfere with the wreckage 
of crashed, sunken and 
stranded military aircraft and 
vessels passed through all its 
stages in the House of Com- 

Mr Michael Mates (East 
Hampshire. Cl. who proposed 
the BilL said that it would 
apply throughout the United 
Kingdom and also international 
waters, said the measure would 
protect the sanctity of wrecks 
containing human remains. 
There were also security as- 
pects involved. 

The upsurge in aircraft 
archaclogy by individuals and 
groups had caused distress to 
relatives of dead aircrew, Mili- 
sunk in war still 
contained bodies, and pro- 

■229M1 amateur divers 

“""2? tro P hi cs caused distress 

r^fTL ng Shipmates. 

**■ Lee, Under Sec- 
nftar v of Slate lor Defence 

Procurement, indicating that 
the Government welcomed the 
Bill, said it recognized the 
importance to the economy of 
Orkney and Shetland of diving 
activities in German _ vessels 
scuttled in Sea pa Flow in 1919, 
which did not contain bodies, 
so the Government would issue 
a general licence virtually 
immediately to enable those 
activities to continue: 

Two Falkland wrecks. Ar- 
dent and Antelope, lay io 
territorial waters and were 
protected. Other ships such as 
Coventry. Sheffield and ‘ At- 
lantic Conveyor were outside 
territorial waters. 

Legislation would appear to 
be the only effective way to 
curb the more irresponsible 
elements and assuage public 
feeling. He hoped that if the 
Bill was passed it would act as 
a deterrent and that it would 
seldom be necessary to 

The Government was con- 
cerned at the degree to which 
young people were threatening 
their future health by the use of 
tobacco products and it there- 
fore gave full support to the 
Tobacco Products (Sales 
Restrictions) Bill, Mr Raymond 
Whitney. Under Secretary of 
State for Health and Social 
Security, said when the Bill 
received its second reading in 
the Commons. 

Mr John Home Robertson 
(East Lothian. Lab), moving 
the second reading, said a new 
generation was getting hooked 
on a very dangerous habit and 
the situation was running out 
of control 

The Bill would clarify the 
law which made it an offence 
to sell tobacco to those under 
16. extend the definition of 
tobacco to include products for 
sucking and chewing and pro- 
tect . youngsters against an 
extremely dangerous new to- 

bacco product. Skoal Bandits. 

These were addictive and 
evidence bad been produced in 
the United States to show- that 
tbe product, which contained 
nicotine, sold in the form of a 
sweet, could cause cancer and 
other mouth diseases. 

Mr Laurence Pa rift (Brent 
South. Lab) supporting the Bill 
said they were talking about an 
addiction. The community at | 
large had to pay the bill at the 
end of the day. He was 
concerned about backdoor 
advertising by tobacco compa- 


Government grants to voL 4 process of essential reform. 

SEP mSSif ov " The commission, compris- 

increase of 23% on the pre- ! n8 ijS X 

rious year, Mrs Margaret Inc luding Mr Gough Wlni- 

the Democratic Front for'ihe 
Liberation of Palestine and 
the Popular From for the 
Liberation of P alestin e . 

They are: Dr Azmi 
SbueibL a former deputy 
mayor of the West Bank 
town of EJ-Pfrh; Mr Ali Abu 
HilaL a prominent West 
Bank trade unionist; and Sir 
Hassan Abduo Jawad, a 
journalist from tbe Dehaisbe 
refugee . camp near . Beth- 

Served with expulsion or- 
ders three months ago, the 
three earlier this week dis- , 
missed their lawyers and j 
withdrew their appeals to the 
High Court of Justice, claim- 
ing the orders were moti- 
vated by political rather than 
security reasons. They 
claimed continuing legal 
proceedings was pointless as 
they and their lawyers were 
denied access to the informa- 
tion on which tbe orders had 
been based. 

They were taken from 
Nablus prison on Thursday, 

New York (Reuter) - The 
United States yesterday ve- 
toed a United Nations resolu- 
tion that contained a 
rejection of Israel's claim to 
alt of Jerusalem as its capital 
city. Thirteen members, 
including Britain and France, 
voted for the text, which 
strongly deplored recent 
"provocative acts” by the 
Israelis near tbe al-Aqsa 
mosque in Jerusalem. 

Although voting against the 
resolution. Mrs Patricia 
Byrne, the US representative, 
said her government's po- 
sition on the holy city 
remained unchanged. The US 
has said in the past that 
Jerusalem should be un- 
divided, and its final status 
decided by negotiation. 

Mrs Byrne said the US 
deplored recent acts by cer- 
tain individuals, including 
members of the Knesset and 
others. But she called the 
draft resolution inappro- 
priate, and gave the un- 
mistakable impression that 
the Israeli Government was 
not to blame for the provoc- 
ative actions of a few 

Diplomats said that the 
veto represented the fim 
tune Western ranks had 
broken after nine resolutions 

^3 fat 

and transferred across the affirming Jerusalem’s inte£ 


national status. 

j ' 


'nous year. Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher, the Prime Minister, 
said in a Commons written 

lam. the former Pnme Min- 
ister. has a formidible task. 
Any change to the constitu- 

tion has to be put to a 
referendum and such is the 
intrinsic conservatism of 
Australia that only eight out 
of 38 amendments proposed 
in the past have been 

Indeed, as Mr Hawke 
reminded the commission, a 
conventional wisdom is that 
constitutional reform in 
Australia is too difficult He 
added, however, that the 
previous 80 per cent failure 
rate did not mean Australians 
were incapable of fun- 
damental change but rather 
that proposals should be 
dearly explained . and de- 

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Thousands of Hindus 
March in protest 
ft Pope’s tour of India 

of chaining ^nduTmaShS 22« e f ^? ronvcrtfofc tower Pope last month, with a 
through Delhi to nroiesi S5f ^°^9 wers , 10 Jheir re- warning against his tour, 
against the Pone’s vidt ?« ♦? 0n i' usra ,? church educa- Church officials c stiirartg 
India, which starts today. and., wd fare thai up to -70 per cent of 

l ll£r 1 JAl U lU>n i. i ^ Ai>. 

thai up to -70 per cent of 

Police estimued th^abom ^^nsas coyer. “Service ^7c*oitaW3S£ 
6.000 people shouted stoSS S5i/?E B, ff mCFd * a ** him. He will meet 
like “Pope go home” ^ohn fra® come to president Zail Singh, who 

ners cSraSedto ^to ^ ™Wm .to mate the 

Pontiff refrain from forrihlt* to by- visit, during his opening two- 

conversions of SE?5 f* 4 <toy say St DelhiT 

his lOday via” USdUnng &ii^ lICOm ^^ lBd, ? he HigbiUis of the - tour 
. Organizers said that 27 will^ include a visit to Mother 

nght-wtng Hindu groups, conversion* Satan Tcrcsa ’ s Calcutta home far 

including students and fanS are eouafand con^^S the d y* n * ?“* a bftatiiication 

ers. took part and that they that mvom S ?lft fxranany m southern India, 

planned to present a the firat step for a priest and 

Tati Qinnk d«i: ' —President 8 a nun to become India's fim 

” riol * ear Vatican and Indian church 
but iherewpfY* ^ ma 5“fSi?’ officials have said they we 

rfvSScT* 00 ° UtbreakS ^twomed by ' right-wing 

ngh. Police 
I beside thi 

of violence. 

Th» . „ . Hindu opposition to the 

*?5 — fe, “ Pope’s visit, but two buUet- 

a nun to become India's first 
native-born Catholic saints. 

• SOME: The Pope has 

urged swifter decisions on 
requests, for marriage annul- 
ments, _ indicating that Ro- 

through- =CTS , a i va 
£“L? C dumig the Md «* respect the Bible” porn). 

Jith o banuer, one of the protest organizers • He m ad e the remarks on 

«nth a picture of the Pope said. "What we mind is Thursday to a group of 

ISuSS'jF i° p ! a 2'?. a ma P conversions which take clerical judges of the Sacred 

„ declared: He wears advantage of the weak and Roman Rota, a Vatican 

a mask ol peace and unity ignorant. ” tribunal, which hears appeals 

but his mission is to divide 
and destroy the country." 

ignorant" tribunal, which hears appeals 

Church officials in the of decisions made cm the 
southern city of Madras have local level on requests to 

Paris tries 
to lift 

From Diana Geddes 

France has asked the 
European Parliament to Gft 
the parliamentary immunity 
enjoyed by M Robert 
Hersant, the French press 
magnate, in his capacity as a 
European MP, so he can be 
prosecuted for an alleged 

Austerity 2 
curbing | 
Bolivian ^ 
inflation | 

From John Enders :of 

La Paz, Bolivia 

Inflation in this nation of 
six million inhabitants ap- P 
pears to be coming under 1 
control, almost six months j~, 
after the Government of 
President Victor Paz 
Estenssoro came to office and if 
instituted a series of ex- se. 

breach of the new French law iremely austere economic 3 

on press monopolies. 

The Government dafms 

policies. 31 

In 1985 inflation was more 

that, by secretly buying the than 8.000 per cent, and in . 
Progrbs de Lyon newspaper October alone had readied an 

The troubled EEC 

group at the beginning of this 
mouth, and so increasing his 
share of the provincial daily 
market to 26 per cent, M 
Hersant was in breach of the 
law, which Units ownership 
by one person or group to 10 
per' cent of national or 
provincial newspaper sales. 

M Hersant, whose empire 
already accounts for 38 per 
cent of French national news- 
paper sales and includes the 
leading right-wing paper Le 
Figaro, was elected to the 
European Parliament in 1984 
as a candidate for the right- 
wing RPR-UDF alliance. 

It is by no means certain 
that the centre-right majority 

kf. an y Hindus say India’s said they received an anony- annul, or declare invalid, a Motorized rickshaws aad horse-drawn carts mingKnp in Delhi under a sum welco ming thatthe centre-right najmlty 
small Christian churches mous death threat against the marriage. the Pope to the city for the start today of his 10-day tour of India. m ” t Parliament 

the Pope to the dty for the start 

Dutch find the 
going tough 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

Americans living longer 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Americans are healthier part. A woman reaching that 

January should have bent Hague, a Danish W would likely to di 
a good month for both The spell disaster for Europe - it a* whites. 
Netherlands and the EEC would reinforce the ever The US 

and are living longer than age could expect to bve to 
they have ever done, but die . 80.4, more than four-and-a- 
gap between life expectancy half years longer than the 45- 
ior blacks and whites remains year-old woman of 1950. 
rtibben^ Mgh. Wri in- c^i. life 

“* attributed largely to the 
hkelytodfe nt their first year 6ed ^ e ^ t (Wette smoking 

Mr Otis Bowen, the Sec- 
retary of Health and Human 
Services, said the report 
painted a dear picture of 
medical achievement and 

Probe set 
for comet 

San Francisco {Reuter) - 

will agree to lift his immunity 
in connection with a law 
passed by the French Social- 

annualized rale of 24,000 per ^ 
cent 3u r 

After three years of corrupt 
military rule under General the 
Luis Garcia Meza and his da 
successors, which began with 
the coup d’etai of July 1980, 
followed by three years of 
chaotic civilian government' 
under ex- President Herron?* 
Siles Zuazo, the economy ofitg 
this mineral-rich country is^_ 
in severe recession. 

The Government’s prin- 
cipal objective has been to^ 
bring the spiral of hyper-~ 
inflation under control, and it 
has pumped several million 
dollars daily into the open 
currency market “ er - 

The value of the Bolivian 

peso has gained about 30 per 

cent against the benchmark 
dollar just since mid-January. - 

ists with toe specific aim of I Prices for petrol imported^ • 

limiting his power 

pharmaceuticals, public 

Until now, the Parliament transport and other goods^ 
has usually agreed to lift the have begun dropping accord- 

immaxuty of members in 
connection with common law 

in l&- - - ■ - i 

Once inflation is sioppeq 

progress against spiralling Halley’s Comet and 
Gains m life expectancy are costs. Pi/mM- 1 7 

unmanned Pioneer 12 space conviction. 

crimes, but not where the and the currency stabilized 
breach of the law is connected with prices also remaining 
with an individual political stable, the Government in' 

The death rate from heart I probe wifl come within 24 1 In addition. 

tends to push through Con 
the whole gress a tax reform package 

Netherlands and the EEC wquld reinfor ce the ever 
The Netherlands took over present tendency toward a 
the presidency of the Cooncfl split-up. 

The US Governments an- high Wood pressure. While „ k iU fuJtint frnnTct«i 
anal report o* the nation’s more than half all adult ^ 
health showed overall life males smoked 20 years ago. “HHV 4 * 1 by 49 per cent over 

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I Suds 
: -ebel 
■ J Si 
I the! 

: O pa 
I soul 

: Off 

on the comet’s sweep through mouths, by which time a officials plan to esta bli s h ai 
the solar system. right-wing government may entirely new currency a T 

Pioneer 12 was launched in well be in power in France, about 10 million pesos to th/ 
1978 to orbit and" study and foe right has already dollar for every one millioi 

Thi * ***** Vnspeet di- expectancy at a record high, that figure dropped to 35per 
bourn and the Dutch were «hi.h a .uu k. ion wnt » iOB 1 ho* tho itfrimo iBsmonauj maie oiseases 

EJ? 8 ^ 5?? reetty affects Britain, which 

topmg to make 1986 a year will inherit the rotating EEC 
of real progress toward Euro- presidency after the Emopean 
pean integration. Irritatiisg Zemnut tu The Hague in 
wrangles over problems such j nnc 

ttr!. h£ m i ri,iSh ta4 * e * relM,C Brisdn A» □« to 

; , .v“V, . inherit a disintegrating 

Commnnity from foe Dutch! 
'tt* nwly enlarged 12 

Spain and 'Portugal meant The British may be Evo- 
The Netherlands could foffil sceptics, bid foey certainly do 
foe Dutch dream of European not want a Danish spanner in 
muon, potting foe EEC of 12 <****? ?ir 

firmly on the road to unity in Geoffrey Hope, foe Formn 
the 19985. 1 Secretary, described after 

ingfwtrf, foe young ’ and Lnembourg as the EEC’s 
forward- loo ki isc hwi of mhfer totipess _ away Ea®- 

foe same period. Both are foe solar system. 

7^ , ■ Vmw " zZ tool a. Jo,*-, traditionally male diseases Pioneer 12 was launched in mu uc u puna u> n«uw, ----- — 

A child terom 1983 can ^ J* J 1 ®?®* linked to smoking. 1978 to orbit and' study and foe right has already dollar for even 

expect to h*® 74-6 yrare. to to tiom cascer continues to Veaus. It was repositioned by promised immediately to re- at present 

White women can exp*??*? increase, but the rate is Nasa scientists last December peal the Socialist’s new press According to 

“« *" bbK * f0r h*** STfor men while accel- to make observations of the law. of Ptamint S 

males, with the lowest expec- women rose. erating for women. In 1950 comet The French request was Sanchez de Loz 

fancy, can expect ®aly 65.4 However those expectancy the death rate for breast The European Space delivered yesterday to M appointed to 

males, with foe lowest expec- women rose. 

fancy, can expect only 65.4 

However those expectancy 
gains are slowing down, and 

>nlists last December peal foe Socialist’s new press According to foe Minister 
observations of foe law. of Planning, Sen or ConzaH 

The French request was Sanchez de Lozada, who wa s 
European Space delivered yesterday to M appointed to his post las 

On average, the report foe cost of health care is 
says, a man who turned 45 in steadily rising. Pier capita 
1983 could expect to five 74.7 spending on health readied 
years, more than three years $1,580 m 1984, a threefold 
longer than his 1950 counter- rise in one decade. 

cancer among American Agency’s Giotto craft will Pierre PfliinUn, the French week, foe country needs $30 
women was five times foe have the closest encounter President of the European million this year in foreig 
long ranfgr death rate. But with foe comet It is due to Parliament, and will be exam- loans and aid to get by. 
by 1983 it was only 9 percent fly within 300 miles of the feed by the law commission Public sector wages ar 
more rtiM the innp cancer comet’s nucleus on March before being submitted to a frozen at 30 million pesc 
rate. 13. full session of Parfiament monthly (£10.71). 

flays chess 

isters in foeGovennsent off P^tinrig n, and- toward S*«- 
Mr Ruud Lubbers fras been activism, 
frustrated fry the potentially The .Dutch are co-ordinat- 

highiy damaging opposition ing their presidency dosdy Barcelona (Reuter) - Gary 
to reforms on the part of with Britain, and their emerg- Kasparov, foe Soviet world 
Denmark. ing tactic is to make dear to chess champion, says be will 

-the Danes that the future of tight to unseat foe president 
foe EEC hangs on their vote, of foe World Chess Federa- 

the Danes that the future of fight to unseat foe president 
foe EEC hangs on their vote, of foe World Chess Federa- 

1 The Dutch iugne that the ^ Ftorcncio 

Duisb position is irntt; dne C SF° m “^ cused 

to internal Danish clitics. 

Erfe aSTa^fooftaS Oonp«nanes of riding with 

mwnnlmteaHino nf the ^ .former Champion, 

believe the reforms gofoSS utie 

- - - ^ — match last year. 

“Campomanes has done 

fonns. The Danes wrongly 
believe the reforms 30 further 

— -Cbmpomanes hss done 

‘ gT a, Emopean very bad things for chess, 
purerejrf foe Enropemi tdfopuf* foe Rdetaidetfoip 

, ' . -. . has tried to rectify some of 

- Dutch deterMsaanoH to re- ^ errors," Kasparov said at 
solve the crisis is reflected in a xiews conference in Barce- 
the presidency’s insistence on | oaa He was in the city to re- 
a ceremonial . s i gnin g .rf the ^ve an award from a local 




Mr Lubbers: a frustrated SSSUtt . P®^ . - , 

tpom of ministers. February 17 even rf Deamrit Deport ivo. and to play a 
- — and poraiWy _ Italy, wfesefe simultaneous exhibition 

The Danes have lung been regards foe reforms as too game against 30 challengers 
among foe least enffeasfestic modest rather than too am- j n Alcoy, Alicante province, 
about the Community, even bitions — have to stay away. Kasparov said he sup- 
tbough foey benefit from If patting pressure on Copen- p 0r i e d Senbor Lincoln 

EEC membership as ranch, if bagpn in this way works and Lucena of Brazil for the 

not more, than most But the the Danes, eventually fen into presidency of Fide at its 

Danish Parliament (Folke- fine, Holland and Britain can meeting at the end of foe' 

ting), reflecting a tide of anti- pnt the Danish crisis down to 

EEC feeling, upset foe experience and get on with "Karpov and 1 want foe re- 
presideocy’s plans by voting foe main reforms. match to be held in Lenin- 

against foe modest and dis- As 'defined in The Hague grad, but Fide insists that it 
tinctly limited Luxembourg ^ ^ 19& are: be in London," he said, 

reforms. ^letion of the internal He said he accepted a re- 

Dutch hopes now rest on u mar | ro t i mclnding the 90 match with Karpov, also 
•yes’ vote in D enm ark s . j M j 8 g 0B> : . be made on from the Soviet Union, to 
consultative referendum at a botishing trade harriers; free pul an end to foe chess 
foe end of this mouth. 1 movement across frontiers: controversy. 

Mr Uffe EflemanteJensen, ^ . gaTT romd; the “I accept foe rematch not 

foe Danish Foreign Minister, fi ^ ir B _ aiBSt QBeanrioyraent; because I consider it justified, 
admitted on his recent forlorn ^ abo ^ e jjj, European but 10 avoid any more 
tour of EEC capitals that a ecom)Alic competitiveness damage to chess," he said. 
*no’ in foe referendim ww aainst American and Japa- 
be seen as a "no’ to foe LM. Bese and technology. 

El Mundo 

meeting at the end of foe' 

"Karpov and 1 want foe re- 
match to be held in Lenin- 



W in foe referendum would 

be seen as a ‘no* to the EEC 
as such. Yet be assured his 


Tax doubled 

Nicosia (Renter) - The 

l«t week that Den- acconnei us wu Nicosia timiiaj - 

^^MeTinwl member of Broek, are only the absolute Cyprus Parliament has voted 
as Mr minhnum needed if Europe is to double a special defence 
foe Cow®iraity. mi ;to aT0 ^ becoming an eco- tax from one to two per cent 

Haim van den Broek, the 
Dutch Foreign Minister, 
warned reporters m The 

aomic backwater while striv- 
ing to be a world trade pant 

of all Greek Cypriots* wages ] 
and salaries. . . 

9-25 % 13-2T 


M iwi w H im iwmjl i m i mii >w QSfl 

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Ka ramanlis was deceived FSSSt^S! 

- Cmm Mario Modtano. Athens I rr W i JTT W 

: From Mario Modiano, Athens - 

a sudden disclosure of the bimaL Both deefined, and -The Opposition now 

tadtSaae events that led to there may have been others, claims that ^the disclosures 

of President ' • exposed the fuD extent of Mr 

1? C Jfoniic eariv last year A government spotoman Papandreou’s premeditation 
a rare inSt Sto confirmed that the offer tod in . deceiving Mr Karamanlis. 

'“SirfSo* been made w ■ Mr h ds, amphaazed ll»i Mr 

Stored a rare insight into connrmeu umi ^ — rr m deceiving mt Karamanlis. 

poli- been made -to -Mr h also emphasized that Mr 

foe workings Kaneflopoulos on February Sartzetakis was not speaking 

tics- A ^ tyo 24, 1985. However^tbere. is ^ ^fo on March 9 when, 

V wa ^.f ft r» Mr Andreas evidence that four days later fo a speech accepting his ; 

wee ^ 5 the Prime Min- Wfr Papand reou 00 Domination by the Socialists, 

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isie - r ’ n Mfs for the assure him of h^pera^al ^ 
nmetos Sartzetacs ror u« h« re-election. 

Christos Sartzeuuas ror ® suppor i for his re-election. J . 

nost of President, he had sent suppo However, the main oppo- 

emissaries .to at least two 0 f bis trusted ■ rain- ^on party. New Democ- 

Xrprom.i.m Greeks^ thepradentfe) 

foe same 

nc 2 l «« istere visited fob preadentral • racy, .was mso «nou«y 

offer., but was . onUssd Mr Dionyaosi 

secretary general wi.rvorcn o *■>•*—* — 
^ conWrm . that Mr a disstdeni New 

turned down- ^ t0 confirm . that 

The first •W* r *™ ■ _. Se paoandreou m tended 

madf ,o iTm* -ggSrSfgSSSfc* KMeuopomoss : — 

Kaneflopoulos. Sie ^SngSoriSTst- Pany-s nephew, said he hadTtoMMr at any time. 

former Pnme Mima , P<* ^gtral committee, meeting Constantme Mds^talu. the 

and philosopher, who is ageo fo e next day. "Instead, :the. party leader, about the offer 

83 . The other was 10 pri mc Miniaer proposed the. J® his undfc But Mr OON^I 

Tbemistocles , f candidacy of Mr Sartzetakis. Mitsotaias tod felled to. warn ■ 

Kouroiisopouloi Mr Karamanto; resjgoed the ' Presitot Karamanlis,. the BRITANNIA BUT 

foe Council oi State. JJl e ■ next 1 .. founder of New Democracy. . • FORBBA 

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pouios’s ' 


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March date set by 
Gonzalez for 
Nato referendum 



The Spanish Government 

yesterday set March 12 for its 
controversial referendum on 
-^hether to remain in Nato. 
■Stealing ^ all-imponani 

Aiming for a “yes" vote to 
justify its own defence policy 
•Switch after three years in 
jjefifce. the Government is 
picking to its three well 
Sen own conditions: not join- 
-wg Nato's military structure. 
'Maintaining Spain's non-nu- 
«ear status, and a progressive 
'Induction of US forces. 

The word Nato is avoided 
•£bmpieiely. which has pro- 
duced indignant reactions 
■from Spanish peace groups. 
The question, read to repqn- 
■ere after a Cabinet meeting 
i?y Serior Alfonso Guerra, the 
•Deputy Prime Minister, asks: 
TDo you consider it advis- 
able for Spain to remain in 
the Atlantic Alliance on the 
terms decided by the 

Scnor Guerra emphasized 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

that the Government is 
“trusting to the citizens sense 
of responsibility*' for a vote 
to stay in. He said the 
Government had not tackled 
what it will do if a majority 
emerges for quitting. The 
Government is not consid- 
ering a general election 
should it lose, he added. 

No other Nato country has 
held such a referendum 
before, but the Socialists 
committed themselves to it 
in their 1982 election 
manifesto.Spain joined Nato 
by a majority in Parliament 
earlier that year, with the 
Socialists opposing. On com- 
ing to power they froze 
further integration, though in 
fact the Government has 
remained in Nato's defence 
planning committees. 

A working day should help 
the referendum tumouL A 
large abstention, invalidating 
the whole process, is what the 
Government fears most. 

The Cabinet has sent its 

Arrest widens 
Berlin scandal 

From Frank Johnson, Bonn 

A second West Berlin 
Oiristian Democrat Party 
official in three months has 
been arrested on suspicion of 
taking bribes. 

w The arrest happened a day 
after the usually un- 
sensation^ weekly newspaper 
Die Zeit published a 
“dossier" 1 on WesT Berlin 
scandals. The article merely 
collated information that was 
already known, but the scale 
of the corruption looked 
spectacular when drawn to- 
gether in this way. 

.■ The newspaper printed the 
photographs of 21 West 
Berlin officials, nearly all 
members of the Christian 
Democrats, but including the 
treasurer of the Social Demo- 
crats, who are being investi- 

S ted in connection with 
quiries into attempted mur- 
der, illegal prostitution, tax 
avoidance, arson, insurance 
fraud, blackmail and dubious 
payments to political parties. 
vie Zeit said four public 
prosecutors and 19 detectives 
were now investigating 
corruption in the city. 

The latest official to be 
arrested is Herr Jorg 
Herrmann, a district building 
official. The West Berlin 
Justice Department said yes- 
terday he was being held in 

The Christian Democrat 
mayor of West Berlin. Herr 
Eberhard Diepgen, suspended i 
last Monday a district mayorj 
on suspicion of taking bribes 
from Here Franke. But a few 
hours later, Herr Diepgen 
claimed that he himself bad 
accepted DM 75,000 (about 
£22,400) from the same 
building contractor. 

The payment was allegedly 
made when Herr Diepgen 
was in opposition in the early 
1980s. He says it was a 
legitimate campaign 
contribution, accounted for 
in the party books. 

The present scandal began 
on November 4 with the 
arrest of another Christian 
Democrat building official. 
Hen - Wolfgang Antes, on 
suspicion of taking up to DM 
1 million (£298.000) from 
several building firms. 

Here Diepgen, aged 44, 
until this week a rising star in 
(he Christian Democrat 
Party, will be the subject of a 
motion of no confidence put 
down by the left-wing Alter- 
native List group, and sup- 
ported by the Social 
Democrats, at a special meet- 
ing of the city Parliament 
today. But the Social Demo- 
crats are unlikely to do well 
politically out of the scandals 

connection with payments of because party members were 
DM 50,000 (about £15.0001 involved in so many when 
from a building contractor, they controlled the city for 30 

arrested Iasi weekend. 

majors had to resign. 

decision for endorsement by 
• Parliament as required for 
holding a referendum in time 
for next Tuesday's debate on 

T uesday's encounter in 
Parliament, and with the 
Spanish people after that, will 
be the most difficult experi- 
ence Serior Felipe Gonzalez, 
the Prime Minister, has faced 
in three years in office. He 
postponed the debate for 
almost a year hoping the 
country's mood would 
evolve, waiting particularly 
until after joining the EEC. 

The Opposition, led by 
Serior Manuel Fraga. whose 
party wants full Nato integra- 
tion and yesterday described 
the referendum as a 
“swindle*’, will try to per- 
suade its supporters to ab- 

Polls commissioned by the 
Government now show a 
majority for remaining, but 
those in Spanish newspapers 
show a majority for leaving. 

may stand 
for office 

From Michael Binyon 

Dr Henry Kissinger, one of 
America's most powerful sec- 
retaries of state, has an- 
nounced that he is 
considering a request from 
New York Republicans to ran 
as candidate for State Gov- 
ernor in November. 

Eh- Kissinger, aged 62, and 
bead of his own foreign policy 
consulting firm, has never 
stood for any elective office. 
If chosen by Che RepnbUcans, 
be would face a formidable 
Democratic encmnbment in 
Mr Mario Cuomo. 

In the past two months, he 
has twice met the chairman of 
the New York Republicans 
and party leaders at their 
request He said on Thurs- 
day: “1 have not previously 
considered standing for elec- 
tive office, but I am com- 
plimented by their request 
and 1 feel I owe them a 
consideration for tbeir view.** 
Friends and associates said 
his candidacy was still only a 
long shot, but that he wonU 
be a credible alternative to 
Governor Cuomo 
Dr Kissinger briefly consid- 
ered naming for the Senate in 
1980, and has remained in 
the national spotlight since 
President Reagan took office. 
Until now the leading Repub- 
lican prospect appeared to be 
the state Senator, Mr Roy 
Goodman, a millionaire lib- 
eral from Manhattan. 

urgin g women to participate for the first time In 
elections this weekend. 

Uganda’s economic crisis 

Museveni in line for help 

Western aid donors have demanded 
indicated to Mr Yoweri changes. 
Museveni, the new Ugandan The cost 
President, that there are Uganda's 

From Richard Dowden, Kampala 

iave demanded significant poi 

The cost of rebuilding 
Uganda's shattered infra- 

hundreds of millions of structure and economy has 
dollars in aid available to the been put at $4 billion. Mr Zia 

country over the next three 
years, according to a Western 

The diplomat said that at a 
meeting with Mr Museveni 
representatives of the donors 
gave positive signals about 
the new Government He 
added that Mr Museveni had 
seemed to be saying all the 
right things. 

The President has said that 
Uganda will repay all its 
debts and although the new 
Finance Minister. Professor 
Ponsius M ulema, has been 

Ibrahim-Zadeh, the IMF’s 
resident representative, said 
the meeting was very enthu- 
siastic and that at last 
Western countries fell they 
could put money into 
Uganda with a sense of 
security. The United States, 
which cut off aid in the tight 
of human rights abuses under 
the Obote government has 
now said that security and 
human rights seem to be a 
real possibility in the coun- 

Mr Ibrahim-Zadeh said the 
aid donors “seem to be 

strongly critical of IMF finding themselves in a 
policy, he has already been favourable position. They can 
shown tile budget worked out gel the money very quickly 
between the previous finance particularly in the case of 
minister and IMF officials emergency aid for drugs." 
here and is said not to have Mr Museveni has ap- 

Zimbabwe forces take 
town held by rebels 

From Jan Baart, Harare 

Zimbabwe security forces National Resistance rebels 

pointed the first 12 Cabinet 
ministers of the new admin- 
istration, and all but one of 
them have gone to National 
Resistance Movement of- 
ficials, underroiming his 
pledge that be would form a 
“broad ■ based 


Professor M ulema, the new 
Finance Minister is the only 
non-NRM nomination so for. 
Professor M ulema, a former 
economics teacher at 
Makerere University, has 
been Democratic Party 
spokesman on finance 

Dr Samson Kisseka, the 
Prime Minister, is a 
M Uganda but has been Mr 
Museveni's top political aid, 
heading the negotiating team 
in Nairobi whenever Mr 
Museveni has been absent 
He is the only one of the new 
ministers to have held a 
portfolio before, having 
served in the Bugaoda 

on US aid 

.£•• Victors 

tur of Aden 

Aden (Reuter^ ^ South 
Yemen’s new leadership. 
' which ousted President Alt 

Nasser Muhammad after 12 
days of fighting this month, 
■ *■ has promised to pursue unity 
MB Fml C •> •; with North Yemen, according 
< • V to Aden Radio. 

Mgr - = Arab diplomatic sources 
W : sai d dfe pledge was appar- 

r : Kt entiy intended to dispel 

.«<& ' apprehension m North Ye- 

f men that the new Aden 

/'« ' ■ leadership might be hostile. 

- • ' * ■ The two countries have been 

.V'##*' '■ discussing plans to merge for 

% ' several years. 

:V In another conciliatory 

• .* move, the Presidium under 

'jS 2 f*T tfmm, the interim Head of State. Mr 

»in's parliamentary Haider Abubakr al-Attas, 

undertook to “preserve and 

- ■ ■ ■ consolidate brotherly rela- 

np l i.V tions with aD Arab states. 

I linnet Lite mutual respect and 

m. uiiikvx m, solidarity against imperialism 

~| 7 - /vmT 4^ and Zionism*’. 

Key lO Ancient cave 

ending old art found 

l.* — Sydney (Reuter) - 

rivalries Archaeologists have discov- 

Liechtenstein's parliamentary 


Sydney (Reuter) - 
Archaeologists have discov- 
ered aboriginal rock paintings 
By Nicholas Ashford in a limestone cave system in 
Diplomatic Correspondent Tasmania which they believe 

President Mitterrand's nsit anl0I « *■“ 

to Britain ^tte r rttna to ^ Ae „ 

a _ work, a series of 15 red ochre 

0U lrhe° f m , ^ h |!TiS 

in Anglo-French relations in *5 raore **** K °°° 

roc^tWths. *“* oIi 

For once the two historical A ; r l,' n Jc -flea 
rivals are fiwiwg tbat there Allllllv o 11C 

E . "** for inspects 

The tunnel has been a key Tokyo (AP) - Japan 
foctor in producing this ] ines & expanding the 
convergence of news. From 0 f inspections on its E 
France's point of view it will 747 SR aircraft that 
hhtd Britain to Europe in a after one of the ( 
way tint cross-Channel for- cashed in Japan last 
nes can never hope to do and mcr , kflling 520 peopk 
ensure that Britain increas- The airline win inspe 
tely sees its future with CO se, rear pressure bull 
Europe rather than m the ^ main and tail wir* 
other side of the Atlantic. gU the aircraft in its 1 
Britain and France are also . , 

finding themselves more often Sinlflr Ffflllfl 
than not on the sane side v 

mtitin the European Comma- hp CXCCUtefl 
nfty. father than constantly vavvuivu 

sparring with each other. Newport, Rhode I 

Airline’s fleet 
for inspection 

Tokyo (AP) - Japan Air- 
lines is expanding the scope 
of inspections on ns Boeing 
747SR aircraft that began 
after one of the planes 
crashed in Japan last sum- 
mer. killing 520 people. 

The airline will inspect the 
nose, rear pressure bulkhead 

and main and tail wings on 

all the aircraft in its Beets. 

suffered their most serious 
setback in their offensive 
against South African-backed 
guerrillas in Mozambique 
with the deafo of the 
commanding officer there. 

However, after the heli- 
copter crash last weekend 
which killed Colonel Flint 
Magama, who took over 
command of the six-month- 
old offensive earlier in Janu- 
ary. Zimbabwean troops on 
Monday overran the town of 
Marromeu, which bad been 
in, the hands of Mozambique 

for about three weeks. 

Military observers here ex- 
pressed surprise that the 
Zimbabweans had taken on 
such a big operation more 
than 100 miles north of the 
area where they bad hitherto 
been confined. 

The Ministry. of Defence 
said here yesterday that 
Colonel Magama died when 
the helicopter be was in 
crashed after engine failure. 

Bui military sources here 
said the helicopter was shot 
down by MNR guerrillas. 

Spain confirms illegal 
, export of Goya work 

2 By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 
The Spanish Ambassador public sale of the painting 
n London has told Christie’s, was arranged in order to 
te fine art auctioneers, that force the Spanish 
oya’s portrait of the Mar- Govemmnent to define its 
lesa de Santa Cruz, sched- legal status, 
ed for sale on April U, was The painting was bought in 

: ported illegally from Spain 
■id should be returned. 

The letter was received by 
Ttristie’s on Wednesday. 
We have passed it on to the 
wner’s advisers,” a spokes- 
man said yesterday. 

Goya's masterpiece, which 
• expected to fetch more 
man £8 million at auction, 
as been sent for sale by a 
ompany controlled by Lord 
/im bourne’s family trusts 
fter secret negotiations to 
ill it to the Prado Museum 
m Madrid broke down last 

*A spokesman for Lord 
/imboume, Mr Geoffrey 
irime, said yesterday the 

was arranged in order to 
force the Spanish 
Governmnent to define its 
legal status. 

The painting was bought in 
1983, as an investment with 
the intention of resale, from a 
Spanish businessman. Sen or 
Pedro Saorin Bosch, who said 
he had received a Spanish 
export licence in return for a 

The licence documentation 
was checked and appeared in 
order, it was not until the Wimt 
painting was sent to the drew i 
Getty Museum in Malibu, and b 
California, to be considered situati 
for purchase that the legality In I 
of the export was challenged, appnx 

The cultural attache at time firm, ' 
Spanish Embassy in Wash- for th< 
ington told the museum the ^d t 
picture had been exported buy ti 
illegally, and Lord secrecj 

The disputed Goya portrait, The Marquess of Santa Cruz. 

Wimbourne’s advisers with- the negotiations because of received within a month, or 
drew it from sale in midsi983 the potential embarrassment negotiations were closed. On 

A* From Bafley Morris 

i here ex- WKhin*Ioa 

that the Congressional officials 
taken on have issued a sharp wanting 
on more to the White House that its 
ih of the request for a 12.5 per cent 
1 hitherto increase in foreign aid in 
President Reagan's new Bud- 
Defence set could trigger a national 
lay that backlash which would de- 
ied when stray the entire aid pro- 
was in gramme. 

s failure. Senator Richard Lugar, 

rces hoe chairman of the Senate for- 
was shot eign relations committee, 
guemlias. said the proposed $16.3 

billion (£11.6 billion) aid 
programme invited 

A highly controversial pro- 
. posal almost to double miU- 
U tary aid to the Philippines 
H from $54 million to $103 

■ million is certain to draw 

■ opposition at a time of 

gKJ growing congressional doubts 

over the Marcos regime. 

■ The across-the-board in- 
M creases violate both the letter 
jjflB and spirit of the Gramm- 
Wk Rudman-Hollings balanced 
|§9 budget law, introduced re- 
||1 centJy, which requires un- 
Ws precedented cuts in domestic 
pl§ spending during the current 
^ election year, according to 

Senator Lugar and other 

drew it from sale in mid\1983 
and began to investigat^he 

In February 1985 they were 
approached by a Madrid law 
firm, which said it was acting 
for the Spanish Government 
and began negotiations to 
buy the painting. Absolute 
secrecy was a condition of 

to the Government. 

Lord Wim bourne's side 
named a price, which the 
Spanish claimed was outra- 
geous but never countered 
with an offer of their own. 
On December 17 Lord 
Wimboume issued an ul- 
timatum: an offer must be 

negotiations were closed. On 
January 17 the painting was 
sent to Christie’s for sale. 

Christie’s, for their part, 
are delighted to have so 
valuable a picture to sell. 
They have checked the ex- 
port licence and believe it in 
order they expefct the sale to 
go ahead on April 0. 

Administration officiate, in 
closed-door sessions with 
congressional leaders, said 
the foreign aid proposal is 
only a “draft” request which 
, can be scaled back but both ' 
Republicans and Democrats, 
noting the timing of the ; 
budget release next week. ; 
were sceptical 

sparring with each other. 
That is partly because 
France, for so long a big 
recipient of Community 
tends, is now, like Britain, a 
net contributor and has a 
. similar interest In budgetary 

They also hare broadly 
compatible positions on nu- 
clear issues and East-West 

The new spirit of Anglo- 
French entente was dearly 
risible at the folks which Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, held with M Ro- 
land Dnmas. his French 
counterpart in London on 
Thursday. • 

Both men emphasized the 
degree to which they saw eye- 
to-eye on practically every- 
thing they discussed. That 
was not the case last year 
when the Greenpeace affair 
prompted a sharp exchange 
of telegrams between the two 

After their meeting at the 
Foreign Office they “Doted 
with satisfaction” that there 
had been “a dose sfanilaTity 
of views” On oudear issues 
in. particular they held 
broadly similar views 

The new warmth was 
graphically illustrated when 
M Dnmas was discussing foe 
forthcoming Channel «m«g) 
ceremony with British and 
French journalists after his 
folks. The ceremony, he said, 
would take place at a 
“prestige location” some- 
where in foe south of Eo- 

Newport, Rhode Island 
(AP) - A black US Navy 
sailor has been found guilty 
of premeditated murder in 
the fatal stabbing of a white 
lieutenant at sea, a verdict 
which could result in the 
Navy's first use of the death 
penafcr since ‘*849. 

An military jury found 
Petty Officer Mitchell T. 
Garraway guilty of the mur- 
der of lieutenant Janies 
Sterner on board the USS 
Miller last June. 

Shot twice 

Rome (AP) - Mr Leon 
Kbnghoffer, the 69-year-old 
New York passenger mur- 
dered by the hijackers of foe 
Italian cruise ship Achille 
Lauro, was shot twice with a 
Polish-made sub- 

machinegun. according to the 
final post mortem examina- 

Mayor Clint? 

. Carmel California (AFP) - 
Clint Eastwood, the film star 
who has made a career out of 
playing tough vigilante he- 
roes in Westerns, is running 
for mayor of this small 
California town where he has 
lived for 14 years. 

Pilot error 

Los Modus, Mexico (AP) - 
The pilot of a DC-3 plane 
tbat crashed into a hillside on 
Wednesday, killing all 21 
people on board, took an 
unnecessary risk in trying to 
land despite “zero visibility”, 
an inquiry found. 

“Hastings?” ntisdueroudy kmd despite “zero visibility”. 
Inquired one of the French 811 inquiry found, 
jonraaltets. 0 , 

“Certainty aoe,” was M SUDreiHe flaV 
Dnmas s swift reply. _ * * - 

The ceremonv roll nmh- . Geneva (AFP) - The 

Dumas's swift reply. 

The ceremony will prob- 
ably take place in Canterbury 
in the first half of this numfo. 

By Order of D.H. Gilbert aca. Liquidator of P&O Carpets Lid. 
Complete winding up of one of the United Kingdoms former most 
prestigious and long-established internationally renowned 
Persian and Oriental Carpet Distributors. 





AT 7.00 p.m. ON SUNDAY 2nd FEBRUARY 


P&O CARPETS LTD (in liquidation) 


EEC proposes to build official link with East 

From Richard Owen 

The EEC yesterday pro- 
posed negotiating with 
Comecon. the Soviet block 
economic association, in or- 

ternal Relations, yesterday 
discussed the opening of 
EEC-Comecon contacts with 
Mr Julian VacareL the Roma- 
nian Ambassador to Brussels. 

Mr de Clercq handed Mr 
Vacarel a letter containing 

der to establish official links- ihe community's proposals 
and make a joint declaration addressed to Mr Vyacheslav 
on political and economic Sytchov, the Secretary of 
relations. Comecon in Moscow. He 

The community maintains simultaneously handed over 
that its relations with in- a similar letter addressed to 
dmduai Comecon countries the Government of Romania, 
sbould not be affected by any which he said currently bolds 
agreement between the two foe presidency of Comecon 
blocks. ^ , and therefore represents foe 

Mr Willy de Clercq. the east European nations. 

EEC Commissioner for Ex- This dual approach under- 

lines the EEC view that while 
relations between foe two 
halves of Europe are de- 
sirable, foe community has to 
deal both with Comecon’s 
Moscow headquarters and its 
individual member countries. 

The dialogue process began 
last May when Mr 
Gorbachov, foe Soviet leader, 
acknowledged in talks with 
Signor Bettino CraxL the 
Italian Prime Minister, that 
the EEC was a “political 
entity” and that the two 
blocks should try to find a 
common language. 

In June. Mr Sytchov wrote 
to foe commission in Brus- 

sels proposing formal links. 
This approach was seen as \ 
part of the new Gorbachov 
leadership's policy of stress- 
ing ties with western Europe. 

The initial BBC response 
was cautious, but in Septem- 
ber Mr Sytchov wrote to Mr 
de Clercq assuring him that 
inter-block relations would 
not affect bilateral links. 

EEC officials said that 
opening a dialogue with 
Comecon was consistent with 
foe long-term aim of EEC 
foreign policy — the nor- 
malization of political and 
economic relations within 

American soul singer Diana 
Ross, aged 43, is to marry Mr 
Arne Naess, a 46-year-old 
Norwegian millionnaire, se- 
cretly in a Swiss village 
today, according tb.a reliable 

Author better 

Malaga (Reuter) - The 91- 
year-old Anglo-Irish author 
Gerald Brenan has bom 
released from Malaga hos- 
pital, where he was admitted 
on Sunday with internal 

Killer owns up 

Jerusalem (Reuter) - A 22- 
year-old Palestinian has con- 
fessed to shooting dead an 
Israeli police intelligence offi- 
cer near the walls of 
Jerusalem’s Old City, police 
sources claimed. 



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•' V..V. 



Little conjured up from the kitsch 


Covent Gard en 

SellHjg one’s soul to the devil 

se 2? s to be in vogue at the 

ntomcfflt Vift English Natioml 
^>eras Faust still fresh fo^Sl 
S®* *** wf Busoni’s vasSS 
story ready to be unwrapped 
there in Apnl, the Royal Operahave 
Reeled on the 423rf 
?n S r > ? “ CovcntSra 

Nuff ° f ^ “*■«* 

nSkifl^ .fifrther from the 

WNOs controveraal approach to 

gotowd. John Copley’s huge Gothic 
rantasy. with its cobwebby forest 
arches aid us tecfanicolour crowd 
scenes, has now had some rather 
crude plastic surgery. Ads IV and V 
have been restaged, by MScfaad 
Kennison and redesigned by Johan 
cngeis. The church scene is tamed 
J2° ® /0 “T deforce of ecclesiastical 
kitsch which even Lindsay Kemp 
would be proud of, with neon devils 
switching the altar painting into ' 
reverse as the organ intones the Dies 
true. Marguerite's prison ban slide 
apart to reveal a Disney-like angr*^ 
choir and a sun-streaming rose 
window on high, as Mgphistoptefes 
withers below in his swirling 
carmine robe. 

The transition from the pop-out 
story-book, which the old produc- 
tion had become; with its faded, 
slow-turning pages, to crude Holly- 
wood kitsch simply does not work. 

Tt emphasizes rather than exploits 
the work’s own awkward history of 
metamorphosis from op&ra comique 
to grand opera, and ends up with its 
underskirts caught on the fence in 
between. The M&phistophelgs, - a 
token Batman of a devil in black 
and red sequins, neither con- 
jurer/entertainer nor foul fiend, is a 

vic tim of this dilemma, Samnd 

Ramey’s well-cast vocal prowess 
properly hypnotizes the ear with its 
superb command of Gounod’s 
devilish writing — but that is afl. 

The Royal Opera have had more 
than their share of mishaps thi« 
season, and the illness of Lms Lima 
has broight Stuart Burrows back to 
the title role. He finds little in what 
seems to be an under-rehearsed 
production to help him over 
considerable vocal hurdles: even 
when the score burgeons into the 

Samuel Ramey: superb command of Gounod's devilish writing 

al prowess garden scene, his opening “Sahit the conducter 

ear with its demeure Chasm et pure” stands bis soft-centra 

Gounod’s stiffly as in front of an ubiquitous opera, ddidc 

that is afl. television camera. interludes but 

£ had more One of the evening's great hopes the voice, is j 
ishaps this was Nelly Miritioru. She brings a does not ne 

' Lms Lima raw Easton European plangency to fleetingly disp< 

►ws back to Marguerite's “Roi de Thufe”, but of Andreas S 

die in what the voice is as yet uneasy in the rep- British debut, 

^-rehearsed ertoire, and the light that glints in eager, idiomati 

him over her Jewel Song is dammed by an un- Willis’s house 

dies: even characteristically charmless, edgy Marthe. 

ts into the vocal line. The other great hope was 

the conducter Michel Plassom but 
his soft-centred approach to French 
opera, deliriously Light for the 
interludes but numbingly slow for 
the voice, is just what this staging 
does not need.. The gloom is 
fleetingly dispelled by the Valentin 
of Andreas Schmidt, making his 
British debut, by Judith Howarth’s 
eager, idiomatic Siebel and by N un la 
Willis’s house debut as a velvet 

Manht Hilary Finch 




Blithe Spirit 


The shuddering chins of ' : ■] 
Margaret Rutherford hang * - 
heavily over subsequent at- ■ "■ i 
tempts to yalg Madame 1 
Arcati, just as Edith Evans's " : 
hantfo ag weighs down many 
an actress trying for Lady * 
Bracknefl. Maim Warren, ' 
latest to take on the role of 
the lovable old bat Arcati, 
referred to the perils on this ' ■ 
page on Wednesday. She 
appeared to be cheerful about * 

the prospect and, as it turns 
out, her interpret ati on is ' t 

strong on cheerfulness. 

She gives ns the eccentric- 
ity that goes without saying, 1 

the eager stomping around ^ 

the furniture, the schoolgirl 1 

slang and all that energy. .j 

Like her colourful garb .. 

(something Balkan), it is this t ! 

exuberance that sets the & j 

character apart from every- Cjjfl 
one rise’s formal correctness. V|§! 
Even when Charles and his 
two wives are bitching at 
each other, they do so in the 
best possible grammar. 

When Coward was asked 
.how it was that a play about Hi§ 
deaih and spooks managed to K|| 
avoid offending the prevail- HflU 
ing canons of good taste, be 
said this was “because it has 
no heart in ft”. He was 
wrong, of course, but the dame 
heart has all gone into blood 

Languorous and catty, fanny and dejected: 
Joanna Lnmley, Simon Cadell 

dame Arcati is flesh and 
blood. Coward showed his 

Madame Arcati. We do not good sense when he fell in 
care a fig for the others. They love with her. 

They have been on our T 

screens for three years now, JjQ ] 

cosy on their sofas — men 
who look good in sweaters - .*** . * 

and women who hint they IllQT 

might look gopd without «r UijI 

them. On the third birthday 

of breakfast television, the The following is a snm- 
biggest mystery is why mTs mary of what you got 
Good Morning Britain (av- between 7 JO and 8 one 
erage audienc* 2.1nrf bw morning recently. Nick Owen 
dearly defeated its BBC rival and Arm Diamond, who won 
in the dawn wan. Breakfast the tabloid lag “Mr and Miss 
Time (average audience Ordinary” when they re- 
1.3m). This reversal of the placed the ivy glamour gang^ 
initial . position, when the wish ns a very good morning 
BBC audience, dwarfed that: jf we are just joining them 

Long Distance Form 1 6: Breakfast Television 

Just what spinach did for Popeye 

are witty puppets, Charles 
and the ghostly Elvira 
remarkably witty, but Ma- 

quality of product as it is 
behind in quantity of view- 

hsdf is dimmer here. EL 
where the wit remains t 
dated. I draw your attend 
to the opening scene: no de 
wood m ft at afl, a 

Marcia Warren’s bead-bob- wood m ft at afl, a 
bing cheerfulness is all part of cunningly scattered w, 
showing the character as such enticing hints of thing* 
a professional. In the context come. It holds the audier 
of the play, the Other Side from the first line, 
does exist. Dead wives are Joanna Lumlev’s Elvi 

ers. Breakfast television itself successfolly brought tact 
must settle for less of an Boro fluttering m the wind 

for TV-AM, is incompirehen- aod introduce the News (4 
sibte to me. , - minutes) and Sport (4 min- 

. Recently, chasmg the latest pies) before a short report on 
on- the We fflan fl y . affair, I. pan y rn gpr reaction to armed 
switched on Good Morning police at Heathrow. Nick 
Britain. A m a n rip-- a smile wishes a happy 1 birthday to 
and a sweato; smd: “A vm Rita Rigby, aged 5a and 

good morning to you: Ifs 

. . _ , ^ _ interviews (or, rather, fewns 

7.34 and time for Fopeyer to) Grace Slick, an aflegedly 
They may complain of “legendary” American singer, 
selective quotation but five NeS, the pop conesponSit 
minutes . of the lumpen- ram out t^some fesanatnxR 
muscled sailor is pretty typi- f a ms about - Madonna”, 
cal of the cheap phoenix (a wincey the Weatheigirl sug- 
ratmgs and revenuesuccen) gests suitable dress for those 
which, has risen from the out and wishes happy 

ashes left in Camden by the birthday to a man from Co 
fofled “mission to explain” of Durham, aged 81. Nick 
TV-AM’s inventor, Peter Jay. wishes a happy sixth to a 
The days of Mr J4y and his little boy called Paul and, 
“sexual chemistry” set - of white Anne grades, shows his 

- <DmU»iui Cmrt . .... T 7 _ ■ .. _ 1 

iresenters (Parkinson, Frost, 

ippon. Ford) produced requeued a 
different television but it did not 

molars to a viewer who has 
requested a birthday grin. 1 
did ; not bear Michael 

was a higher-quality product Hesel tine’s name at all, but 
than that now on offer. The perhaps it was not bis 
Sudden success of Good birthday. 

Lags card and a pop fen’s 
ma g az ine. I have a terrible 
fear that the key to TV-AM’s 
success is its endless men- 
tions of potential viewers’ 
names; yon too can be 
famous for a fifteenth of a 
second. The. whole show 
reeks of a belief that it is a 
sin to think at that time of 
the morning. At one point, 
they played a video of a song 
by the pop group A-ha, called 
“The Sun Always Shines on 
TV”. Ah ha; A-ha have 
dearly seen TV-AM. 

The BBC’s Breakfast Time 
is better in almost every 
respect. Throughout the 
Westland affair, the journalist 
Adam Raphael and assorted 
ministers and public figures 
have contributed to long and 
complex discussions, often 
matching in their intelligence 
and intensity the coverage of 
the Today programme on 
radio. A recent interview 
with the author of the report 
that KGB agents were placed 
at Greenham Common was a 
model of insistent grilling, 
and the brew is improved by 
brisk, idiosyncratic films like 
Glyn Worsnip’s report on 

professional Frank Bough 
remains above reproach but. 
as anchor, he has an increas- 
ingly listing ship to still — 
Senna Scott, white with 
tiredness, displays the incar- 
ceration gaze of a Rapunzd 
waiting for the rope to be 
thrown; Debbie Greenwood, 
a former Miss UK, has had 
her first lessons in television 
presentation before our horri- 
fied eyes. At one time, having 
apparently been urged to 
challenge facts produced by 

interviewees, she became in- 
volved in pantomimic “Yes, 
you did”, “No. I didn’t" 

The intervention of 
Debbie, who does as well in 
television journalism as Sir 
Robin Day might do in 
beauty contests, may presage 
an ITV-style march down 
market; already there are 
more crawling “star" _ inter- 
views — fen-mail posing as 
analysis. But, for me. Break- 
fast Time is. as fer ahead in 

impact than was originally 

Once or twice a year — 

a professional. In the context come. It holds the audier 
of the play, the Other Side from the first line, 
does exist. Dead wives are Joanna Lumle/s ElviT 
successfully brought tack, amorously wriggling Y 
gowns fluttering in the wind shoulders, with grey dr 
machine. Coward was little trailing below them, is ^ 


interested in people who Elvira we expected to sO 
work for their living unless languorous and catty. Ja^ A 
they were in the theatre. Bui Asher’s Ruth is crisp 
this may have been Madame catty. Charles does not I 
Arcati ’s hold over him. All come really catty until i 
that skipping about, reciting end. Simon Cadell aftv: 

when, perhaps, a bomb ex- *?y were ,* n *hts theatte. But 
pi odes in the eariy morning ^ may have been Madame 

ma- » . JO A rmfi c KaM rvu«W him All 

at the Prime Minister’s Brigh- 
ton hold — breakfast tele- 
vision seems indispensable 
and Fleet Street is green at its 
immediacy but, for the rest, 
ft is a little addition to the 
ritual of toast, shave and 
train. Visited always on the 
way to somewhere rise, it 
appeals from the screen with 
the stay-a not her- minute 
wistfulness of a mistress. 

Mark Lawson 

that skipping about, reciting end. Simon Cadell aftv: 
tomfoolery that captures looks funny when dejeci 
marvels out of nothi n g — she and the famous broken sir 
is a professional performer, struggles to repair itself I 

is a professional performer, struggles to repair itself 1 
Perhaps she is another of tuning is excellent. 1 
Coward’s self portraits. director is Peter Farago, a 

The performance and the his clever idea for a curta 
play with ft dip in die middle call neatly rounds off *) 
act .when her response to evening, 
triumph would benefit from T T ~ m 

more bounce. The writing Jeremy AlllgSu 

Last night’s viewing 

Making pictures move 


fi^ J whTs^didl£ to^iin” that wuk a cross 
Popeye. between an- animated greet- 

Wdl, .that was the “mission Breakfast Ttmd s only seri- 

Sir Lawrence Gowmg con- 
cluded Three Painters (BBC2) 
with a disquisition on Ma- 
tisse; in that artist he found a 
wonderful subject and, al- 
though television may not be 
the mast appropriate medium 
for die discussion of aesthetic 
principles, it was certainly 
able to convey something of 
the -painter’s wi"«i achieve- 

The camera can enlarge the 
surface of the paint in a way 
impossible to the human eye; 

move from painting to paint- business is no doubt a perfect 
lag with stub speed that the subject for television comedy 

pattern of the whole work 

is comedy), and Ian 

becomes evident. In other McShane might just con- i 
words, television is a better oehaMy pass as a luminary 
in s tr u c to r than either the in tint “game”, as be calls it 
book or the lantern-slide — or — at Least mi a dark night, 
at least it becomes so when But the series is still very, 
combined with Gowing’s in- peculiar: as sometimes hap- 
spfred and enthusiastic com- pens in the best mtentioned 

mentary. This has been an 


problems involve its * ^ track across a canvas 


effortlessly with more deliberation; it can 

intriguing, albeit short, soles intelligent script (by Ian la 
— and one which suggests the Fremus) and a high standard- 
capacity of the medium to of production are left 
complement the knowledge of floundering because of a task 
those, like Gowing, who uncertainty of tone. Is it 
characteristically work in comedy, or drama, or some- 
other figidiL. thing else altogether? We 1 

The service 
was so professional " 
that I felt if I had left 
my shoes outside the r ~ 
door they would hav 
been cleaned.^ 


Lovejoy (BBCI) is, yon 0CTer know * 

E-B-R-U A R Y S A-L-E- 

Precious Furs... 
Styled By Designers 
Created By Craftsmen 
Now At Factory Prices 

'might say, at the rough end of 
the art trade. The antiques 

Peter Ackroyd 

Extract from just urn ttfmany unstdi cited 
Ulitn ttceh id hv us rectuth. 


T|ia Wollarp ensemble which made up the 

i uc wdimie balk of ^ progiamn]e - m _ 

Collection duded > Mozart’s Diverti- 

Elizabeth Hall ^emo; K188, for two flutes, 

five trumpets and timpani,. 

_ , .... , . . possibly written to accom- 

Perfaapsif foie gras tad been pany dressage at the Salzburg 
■ on oner then Thursday riding school and req uiring ; 
night's concert by massed the players to perform with 
trumpets would have seemed self-defeating discretion in 
more heavenly, but as it was order to reach its miniature 
this dfijut evening with “The clockwork precision. But they 
Wallace Collection", formed had the dance to blaze in 
around that excellent tram- Alien burg’s Concerto for pio- 
peter John Wallace, missed ^ trumpet (John Wil- 
reachim its promised spien- braham in silvery form), six' 
dour. Partly the feult was one accompanying trumpets and 
of ex c ess: after two hours of tim pani, ana n gyin in The 
trumpet music one begins to Fifth Trumpet by Pan! Max 
fed oneself bemgroldly and Ealin, a young composer who 
quieuy stabbed from inside may not always wish to show 
tbe head. But the programme his hand so outrageously, 
was ill-proportioned u other Andrew Wilson-Dickson was 
ways. It was a m i s t a ke to probably unwise to amplify 
t*Sin each half with a whole his Rhiannon for the occa- 
group of fenferes: 'one would s j on; Edward Shipley’s 
have been fine, but four by fj'dinQ. kept promising soxne- 
Diabeili and then six by Max thing 
Keller, all with a whiff of n ■ 









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rubicund Austro-German jo- 
viality about them, rather 
gilded the lily a few times. 
The concert was unfortunate 
too in coming up with 
nothing very special among 
its new items. 

Instead all the joys were in 
the seventeenth and eigh- 
teenth centuries. Robert rat- 
ley and Mark Bennett both 
showed what a beautiful 
, instrument the natural 
(valveless) trumpet is, ca- 
pable of a refreshingly gentle 
softness and respecting the 
performer’s breath, not 
mechanically processing it 
Mr Farley played two short 
sonatas by Fantini, Mr Boo- 
nett two later and more 
substantial ones by Viviani, 
in which be displayed ad- 
mirable brilliance, stamina 
and suavity. 

The pieces for trumpet 

Paul Griffiths 

. 1982 1 - 

Grandvin mJBordhaux 

Cotes oi vBo.uro 


E 50 XMVE 

Featuring a case of superb 
1982 Vintage 

Claret Chateau Rousselle 1982 
A.C. COte de Bourg. 

Only £39.90. 

And only in The Times on Monday. 





The Welsh Rugby Union has 
stolen a march on the rest of the 
rugby world. U is setting up a 
tour of Fiji and Australia and/or 
New Zealand this summer. The 
tour demonstrates the seriousness 
with which the Welsh are taking 
rugby's first world cup. to be held 
in Australia and New Zealand 
next year. The tour will give the 
Welsh the opportunity to femil 
iarize their players with stadiums 
and conditions, and wif] elimi 
nate much of the culture shock 
that afflicts most touring teams 
The Welsh plans will end 
speculation about a British Lions 
tour of South Africa. There have 
been suggestions that such a tour 
might take place after the 
Commonwealth Games, but the 
lack of Welshman will ensure 
that it cannot happen. 

Ripple effect 

We have seen synchronized 
swimming; now for synchronized 
diving. After a display of the 
sport at the major swimming 
meeting, the Golden Cup in 
Sirasboui^, it might well be 
included in next year’s meeting. 
Competitors dive over each other 
and through each other's legs, 
and the sport has a proper 
competitive judging structure. 
Incidentally, l have always won- 
dered if the synchronized swim- 
ming girls continue to smile 
under water. Thanks to a picture 
in the recently published Spons 
Photographer of the Year I can 
report that they really do. 

Fighting talk 

The Dean of Sydney, the Very 
Rev Lance Shilton, has called for 
the random breath-testing of 
rricket spectators after a massed 
drunken brawl at a recent 
Australia-New Zealand one day 
natch which led to 80 arrests, 
rricket. he said, was being ruined 
jy drunken louts. "Why should 
he ugly Australian, drunk or 
otherwise, spoil it for others by 
pelting away with doing what he 
ikes?” demanded the Dean. 
'With alcohol in their bellies 
hey easily become violent and 
iffensivety indecent." The Dean 
tas possibly not taken imo 
iccount the recent form of the 
Australian cricketers; that's 
■nough to drive anyone to drink. 

fe Readers of the American 
naeazine The Runner have given 
10.000 T-shirts to African famine 
ictuns. Publisher George Hirsch 
aid: “Clothing is in particular 
iemand, and if there is one thing 
tinners have in common it 4 s an 
ibtmdance of T-shirts." 

Deathly plush 

The ramifications of Ian 
3otbam's deal with the sport and 
eisure goods company Nike will 
tot only make him “Britain's 
ughest-paid sports-man," as his 
nanager Tim Hudson claims. 
Sotham will also become the first 
Ticketer to be a celebrity in the 
Jnited States. Nike are selling an 
'mire “English public schoolboy 
mage" withour golden boy. The 
.triped blazers, panama hats and 
allowing bags with real fly 
luttons which made Botham 
■nigger material throughout last 
.eason will now be helping to 
um him into the first cricket 
niliionnaire. He will also be used 
o sell cricket sweaters and rugby 
erseys to the Americans. British 
inns have been reluctant to 
rngage Botham to market their 
vares because of fears about his 
X>or image after his drugs 
•onvioion. His high profile in 
America could also bring 
Jmham’s ambition to play 
Biggies in a Hollywood movie 
hat much closer. 


After ihe Post Office decision 
igainst special stamps to 
xjmmemorate the bicentenary of 
-ortTs and the MCC next year - 
mr magic new computer some- 
iow channelled my report into 
he PHS diary’ on Monday — 1 
tear that it might unbend a little 
ind issue a special aerogram or 
•tamp book cover. Cricket lovers 
md philatelists will still wonder 
vhy the Post Office has turned 
ts face against commemorative 
damps since the two events 
jndoubtedly fall within its cri- 
eria for special issues; they are 
mportant anniversaries; cricket 
s of national and international 
mportance: and they reflect the 
British of life. 

Simon Barnes 





A&iAS B ft! L 

The novelty is that yon can't see 
his lips move* 

Speak up for these Christians 

Next month the Queen will make a 
slate visit to Nepal. The nature ot 
these occasions means that she will see 
little or nothing of the treatment of her 
fellow Christians in that kingdom. 

I travelled in an Anglo-American 
human rights team to Nepal just after 
Christmas to examine allegations that 
the small Christian minority is being 
harassed and tortured. We will shortly 
be presenting the Nepalese government 
with transcripts corroborating our 
conclusions that such things are indeed 

Recent letters to The Times have 
tried to present Nepal as a romantic ar- 
cadia. infinitely tolerant in its treat- 
ment of minorities. Ishwari Raj 
Pandey. the Nepalese ambassador to 
Britain, claimed that “an individual 
can freely practice his faith". This 
simply does not square with reality. 

By law citizens may not evangelize 
nor may they convert to Christianity. 
If this law is transgressed, they face up 
to six years in jail: in 1985 alone, more 
than SO people were charged with 
“preaching Christianity" and “ causing 
a disturbance to Hinduism." 

by David Alton 

Mr Pandey has also asserted, on 
more than one occasion, that “not a 
single drop of blood has ever been 
shed in the name of religion." In the 
east Nepalese town of Dahran witness 
after witness described beatings and 
acts of brutality meted out by local of- 

Nepal's foreign minister is the 
architect of an initiative designed to 
create a. “zone of peace" in the region. 
He is also admirably committed to 
Nepalese participation in international 
organizations like the United Nations. 

But if his government continues to 
Fail to curb the excesses of fanatical lo- 
cal zealots, the “zone of peace" plan 
will look ridiculous. It is also difficult 
for the West to take seriously a country 
which so blatantly violates the article 
(number 18) of the United Nations 
Convention on Human Rights which 
guarantees freedom of religious belief. 

Nepal's 35,000 Christians are not 
only denied this right but punished for 
their beliefs by harassment, humili- 
ation and persecution. Once charged. 

they find iheir cases postponed and 
bail set at ludicrously high levels. We 
found examples of bail being used 
gunilively: confiscated by the authori- 
ties even on acquittal. 

Foreigners are more leniently treated 
than Nepalese. Last March, 14 mem 
bers of the organization Youth with a 
Mission were arrested for staging 
puppet show illustrating gospel stories. 
After a week's detention in appalling 
conditions, the charges against the 
foreigners were dropped. Five young 
Nepalese now face six years in jaiL 
Heroin addiction has reached ter- 
rible proportions in NepaL The Jesuits 
operated a rehabilitation centre for 
addicts, but the Narcotic Drug Control 
Office refused to extend visas for the 
Christians who manned the centre. 
And the country's only rehabilitation 
unit was forced to close last August 
We should bear these examples in 
mind as we hear and see the reports of 
the Queen's progress. Her Majesty's 
government should be making more of 
a fuss on behalf of Nepal's Christians 
than it has made so far. 

77?p author is Liberal MP for Liverpool. 
Massley Hilt 

Germaine Greer warns against the ‘disease’ of literary biography 

Other kinds of biography may 
have some useful function; lit- 
erary' biography has none. Of all 
the biographical organisms, lit- 
erary biography is the most 
predatory, the laziest and the 
least enterprising, for its subject 
is the most accessible and the 
most vulnerable. Since the mi- 
crobe came to its full maturity in 
James Boswell it has grown 
steadily more resistant and more 

Boswell knew Johnson less well 
than did Hester ThraJe. certainly 
understood him less well, and 
liked and fawned on him more, 
but Boswell's is the great biog- 
raphy. Why? Because Johnson is 
deemed to’ live in his pages. Bui 
Johnson did not live in Boswell's 
pages: he lived on earth. And he 
does not live in Boswell's pages, 
but in his own. 

His own pages are not read, 
however. A gossip columnist of 
my acquaintance told me that he 
liked Boswell, because Boswell 
was just like him. Precisely. In 
recasting Johnson's self and voice 
in his own style, Boswell re- 
venged himself for being less 
remarkable. less perspicacious, 
less magnanimous than his sub- 
ject. and then sniffed and 
salivated over the outcome. What 
posterity has accepted is Johnson 
passed through the bowels of 
Boswell. What lives, in this 
version, is not Johnson but 
Boswell’s intestinal flora. 

I make no apologies for the use 
of doacal imagery, for none is 
more pertinent to the process 
which we are discussing. If you 
were to consider these grisly 
transmutations as taking place in 
the mind of the biographer, you 
might persuade yourself to think 
of them as harmless, tolerable. 
But the law of diminishing 
returns cannot be bucked; trans- 
mitted through Boswell, Johnson 
became less. The Vanity oj 
Human Wishes and London are 
worth all of Boswell's scribbling 
but they remain unread. Boswell 
is easier to take. 

Writers know that they are part 
of a complex symbiosis; they 
know that, in order to be able to 
go on doing what they do best 
they need publishers, printers, 
publicists, researchers, reviewers, 
designers, agents and all. these 
are the benign parasites who live 
on the prime matter which 
writers make, and in return make 
it possible for them to make 
more, which is all writers ask. 

Amid the pullulating activity 
that surrounds the writer’s soli- 
tary labour there are hordes of 
minor predators: journalists 
strapped for ideas who telephone 
for comments, freelancers cadg- 
ing interviews, opportunists beg- 
ging for anecdotes, recipes, jokes, 
the most embarrassing incident 
of your life, what you did on 

Real lives, 
or readers’ 

your holidays, your fust sexual 
experience - all for a good cause. 
Others ask for for a book to 
auction for their favourite char- 
ity. hardback only, please. The 
clamour of these cormorants 
wastes at least an hour of every 

These are the minor biographic 
infections of literature. Beyond 
them, as a terminal disease looms 
beyond each common cold, 
yawns the black maw of the foil- 
length biography. Each ques- 
tionnaire from the Cambridge 
Biographical Centre sounds the 
tocsin. Giving your body to 

medical research is one thing; 
throwing your mind to the 
jackals is another. 

If Shakespeare had had a 
biographer, he would not now be 
great The predisposition which 
allows the disease of biography to 
gain such a hold of English 
literature is the congenital 
intellectual debility that treats all 
argument as argumentum aa 
hominem. Ideas are seen not as 
the conclusions of lucubration 
but as aspects of personality. One 
thinks as one does because one is 
old. female, tall, unmarried, 
childless. Australian, had an 

unhappy childhood, was once 

Once a biographer has mas- 
tered his subject, sucked it dry as 
an ant does an aphid and stored 
its own juice in bis own book, the 
rest of us need no longer bother 
our heads about inconvenient 
notions the biographer's subject 
may have offered for our 
consideration. Other nations are 
not so complacently anti-intellec- 
tual; biography is specifically a 
disease of English literature. 

It will be argued that biog- 
raphers excite and maintain 
interest in their subjects, who 
would not remain in the public 
eye without them. This is 
demonstrably false: the case of 
Shakespeare being sufficient to 
prove the point Contrariwise, 
there is the case of Byron, who 
has had more biographies than 
the sun breeds maggots in a dead 
dog. All of them sell well, to 
people who have never read a 
line Byron wrote. Don Juan, the 
greatest comic poem in English 
remains unread. 

Literary biography is a progres- 
sive disease. As one predator 
leaves the host another arrives. 
What authorized biographies es- 
chew can be made foe basis of 
another, a better-selling version. 
So Susan Chitty discovered foe 
obscene letters of Charles Kings- 
ley and abandoned the children’s 
book she bad contemplated, to 
write The Beast ami the Monk. 

It will not do to say. that Lady 
Chitty is simply a bad biog- 
rapher. for Hilary Spurting. 
Anthony Powell, Marina Warner 
and Rachel Biilington have all 
declared her libel on her mother 
to be a small masterpiece of foe 

Nowadays foe pack of biog- 
raphers is driven to such ex- 
tremes of rapacity that, like pai 
dogs in time of famine, they haul 
down writers who are still living. 

Human beings have an in- 
alienable right to invent them- 
selves; when that right is pre- 
empted it is called brainwashing. 
The most important technique 
used in “re-education" is to 
commandeer the subjects past, 
falsify it piecemeal, slightly, 
plausibly, and feed it back to 
him. It might be argued that 
future generations have the right 
to reinvent celebrities for them- 
selves. if there is no other 
monument When it is done 
while foe victim is conscious, it 
is an unpardonable violation of 

I call on all literary biographers 
therefore to abandon biography 
and to take up an honourable 
trade, and on all their readers la 
strive to conquer a depraved 
appetite for pre-digested carrion. 
Adapted from a speech by the 
author at the Folio Society 
Debate, held in London this need 

A new sort of soldier in Kampala 


For the first time since indepen- 
dence in 1962. peace is a 
possibility in Uganda. On the 
surface it merely seems that the 
tall, coarse-featured black men 
from the north have been 
replaced by tall, fine-featured 
brown men from the west- 
They wear the same uniforms 
and carry the same Kalashnikovs 
with a disused cartridge fitted 
over the safety catch and with 
extra magazines bound on with 
rubber bands, as is the fashion 
with all armies here. They live in 
the same hotels as their prede- 
cessors and hang around the 
same b3rs and checkpoints. 

But there is a fundamental 
difference. In the July coup 
against Milton Obote last year. 
Kampala and other towns were 
sacked by drunken soldiers. 
Hrterate. primitive troops carried 
off typewriters, telephones, taps 
and anything else they could drag 
or wrench away. Roadblocks 
were built out of empty beer 
bottles and manned by drunken 
or drugged soldiers. 

This time the invading troops, 
some of them boys of eight or 
mne years old. have been 
disciplined and sober. They even 
pay for the food they buy in the 
markets and beer in the bars. 
There is no curfew, no shooting 
at night, no unexplained corpses, 
no ''tax'* at the roadblocks. 

Last July the Acholi tribal 
element in the army seized power 
from Obote and his fellow Langi 
tribesmen. The army already had 

a reputation for brutality and 
murder in its fight against the 
National Resistance Army 

guerrillas but foe new military 
regime tried to do a deal with 

The guerrillas, who had been 
fighting foe Obote government 
since 1 98 1. wanted far more than 
the military regime was prepared 
to give them. Despite three 
months of negotiations in Nai- 
robi. the agreement reached last 
December was never implemen- 
ted. Kampala was never de- 
militarized. neither side stopped 
shooting and Yoweri Museveni, 
the guerrilla leader, never risked 
coming to Kampala to take his 
seat on the Military Council, 
instead he ordered his guerrillas 
forwaid imo the city. 

Meanwhile the government 
had brought in former soldiers of 
Idi Amin to bolster its own half- 
hearted forces. These men had 
already spent six years in 
destitute exile in Sudan. They 
had a lot to lose and a lot to fight 
for or steal. This move probably- 
cost the military regime its life. 
The reappearance of Amin's men 
in Kampala alienated foe inter- 
national community as well as 
many Ugandans who might have 
been sympathetic. 

Last week's battle for Kampala, 
however, was fierce. The mor- 
tuary truck still patrols the 
streets, collecting bodies. Several 
hundred have already been burnt 
or buried but more arc still being 

There was an explosion in an 
ammunition dump outside Kam- 
pala. This week, in the rubble of 
its compound, children were 
playing with half-exploded belts 
of heavy machinegun ammu- 

Of ail the devastation in 
Kampala, it is difficult to judge 
what is the result of last week's 
fighting, the coup in July last 
year, the heavy shelling the city 
underwent in 1979 during the 
war against Amin or foe general 
decay of the whole period since 
Amin seized power. 

Museveni's men from foe west 
are a new force in Ugandan 
politics. Until now foe westerners 
have never taken pan in foe 
power struggle between the 
northern Nilotic peoples and the 
southern Bantu peoples. 

But the westerners are more 
than a new element in the tribal 
conflict. Museveni has brought a 
new moral uplift to foe country. 
His evangelical upbringing has 
left a streak of puritanisra in his 
soul. He is a format reserved 
man, slightly Victorian and 
schoolmasterly in manner. His 
military leaders are professional 
people;’ doctors, teachers, lawyers. 
They have not been paid during 
the war and are highly motivated. 

One clinic that was raided for 
medical supplies by the guerrillas 
last year received a full inventory 
of what had been taken and a 
promise that all would be paid at 
liberation. The guerrillas are 
honouring their debts. There has 
been no report yet that they have 
attacked or harmed civilians. 

Nevertheless the people have 
suffered so much insecurity in 
the past 20 years that, although 
they have a great capacity for 
survival, they do not invest for 
the future, it will be hard to 
redevelop the habit of deferring 
reward, essential for rebuilding 
industries and services. 

In foe short term. Museveni 
feces three problems. First, he 
does not control foe north. The 
guerrillas have very few signifi- 
cant northerners in their ranks. 
He will not be seen as a liberator 
there and a lot of weapons have 
been taken north by fleeing 

From what Museveni has said 
so fer, it is more likely that he 
will try to woo than conquer 
them. But since all their links 
with foe outside world pass 
through his areas, he could just 
leave them to rot There is still a 
danger of Uganda splitting in 

The second problem is the 
potential split within foe guerrilla 
force between their young, 
idealistic fighters who have spent 
up to five years in foe bush and 
foe politicians who have been in 
Nairobi or western cities and are 
now waiting to reap rewards. 

But by fer the biggest short- 
term problem will be foe resettle- 
ment of perhaps 70.000 men ami 
boys who have been in the habit 
of carrying guns for the past five 
years. They will have to be 
persuaded to go back to foe land. 

If this far-sighted and austere 
guerrilla leader can reverse the 
spiral which has taken Uganda to 
the very pit of disintegration and 
honor. Uganda could blossom 

Museveni's fighters have 
fought a skilful, disciplined and 
courageous war living off the 
fend, but can their discipline and 
selflessness survive foe flesh pots 
and intrigues of Kampala? 

Richard Bowden 

Woodrow Wyatt 

Pandora’s box: 
the open cure 

A few days ago 1 beard on the ra- 
dio a sensible-sounding woman 

who had been amazed to learn 
that there were such things as 
official leaks from unattribuiable 
sources. In her innocence she 
thought that all those confident 
assertions of government in- 
tentions she read or heard were 
the work of independent journal- 
ists never resting in their pursuit 
of information, and obligingly 
telling the public foe secrets they 
had found out. ... 

One reason why the unininated 
public is disturbed by foe 
Westland affair is that for the 
fust time it has become folly 
aware about foe nods and winks 
from those who know to those 
who do not that form the 
foundation of much that gets 
published about political matters. 
To them, the process looks 
murky and underhand. 

It is unfortunate for Mrs 
Thatcher that the secret way in 
which governments introduce 
subjects to the public has become 
known while she is Prime 
Minister. It does not accord with 
the conception the general public 
has of her as a straightforward, 
outspoken woman. 

Under Mrs Thatcher there has 
been no more secretive insertion 
of stories into foe media on an 
unattribuiable basts than, before. 
Indeed ft has gone on for a long 
time. Lord Halifax, the pre-war 
foreign secretary, revealed in his 
diaries foal Neville Chamberlain 
as prime minister frequently 
authorized briefings to foe press, 
giving highly tendentious acounts 
of foreign policy without foe 
foreign secretary's knowledge, 
and despite his strong disagree- 
ment with their content. 

Political insiders know well 
that Harold Wilson used foe 
device of secret briefings at full 
throttle, often surreptitiously 
attacking Cabinet colleagues. Jim 
Callaghan must have known that 
the press office at Number 10 
was busy discrediting Sir Peter 
Ramsbotham. the British ambas- 
sador in Washington, when he 
wanted to replace him with his 
son-in-law. Peter Jay. 

Prime ministers, governments 
and political leaders have become 
so accustomed to the furtive 
dissemination of views and news 
that it no longer occurs to them 
that were foe public to take on 
board foe extensive use of these 
techniques they would recoil with 
distaste. Neil Kinnock said re- 
cently in the Commons that teaks 
are useful; presumably be will 
continue with them if he ever 
becomes prime minister. 

Large chunks of official leak 
are manufactured at meetings of 
the Lobby correspondents. The 

Lobby, which includes foe 
provincial press, is 150-sffoo&At 
I lam each day «s cwmbera 
troop over to Number 10 to be . 
told what's what b y foe P rone 
Minister's press secretary- At: 
4Dm each day foe press secretary 
visits foe Lobby correspmideots 
to give them an unatmbutaWe 
version of foe governments, 
latest thinking. . 

Such a system, it b damwi. a 
essential because of Whitehall a 
extraordinary secrecy. In foe 
United States corespondents 
credited to the Congress or foe 
White House can ring up any 
senior civil servant and have a 
frank talk, some of a on foe 
record, some off. Permanent 
secretaries in Britain would 
throw a fit if they were rung up 
by a Lobby correspondent 

It is possible for Larry Speakes, 
foe American president’s spokes- 
man, to tell the press and foe na- 
tion what is in the governments 
mind because his informawm 
can be supplemented or given a 
different perspective by ofoe- 
contacts available to foe Ameri- 
can equivalent of the Lobby 


All governments in this coun- 
try will suffer from public 
distrust unless a better way is 
found for disseminating informa- 
tion the government wants us to 
have without wanting ns to know 
that it wants us to have iL I can- 
not see why Bernard In g h a m , foe 
Number 10 press secretary, is 
unable frankly to say what it is 
he and the government want the 
media to understand. If he could, 
the surreptitious atmosphere 
which has led to much of the 
difficulty over Westland would 
not exisL 

This applies also to press 
officers speaking on behalf of 
departmental ministers who 
ought to be able openly and 
without equivocation to dekare 
the department's policies and 
answer questions. Question Time 
in the Commons is no substitute; 
foe Speaker cannot allow an 
individual MP to ask enough 
questions to undertake anything 
like a cross-examination. 

Of course. MPs, ministers and 
even prime ministers must be 
allowed to speak confidentially to 
members of the press if they 
wish. Nor am 1 suggesting that all 
the details of official meetings be 
revealed; this would make good 
derision-making impossible. 

Unless all governments devise 
a more open way of informing 
the public, however, they win 
find cynicism about foe motives, 
methods, and honesty of poli- 
ticians growing apace; and they 
will get themselves into more 
trouble of the Westland . kind. 

John O’Sullivan 

Why the martyrs 
won’t harm Nasa 

It is not difficult to be cynical 
about the United States space 
programme if you want to 
discover mixed motives. Its roots 
are. after ail in the nervous 
rivalry of the Cold War. 
America's drive to put a man on 
the moon was an alarmed 
response to foe Sputnik which 
seemed briefly to confirm (ab- 
surd as it now appears) NiJrita 
Krushchev's boasts of Soviet 
technological superiority. That 
original motive can always be 
wheeled out to undercut any fine 
internationalist rhetoric about 
“man’s conquest of space”. 

Similarly, foe carnival hoopla 
around the shuttle programme — 
the “citizen astronaut” pro- 
gramme under which Christa 
McAutiffe was actually going to 
give school lessons from space, 
the send- off parties of friends 
and relatives at the launch-pad, 
the little party tricks of 
weigbttesness beamed back to 
television viewers — was de- 
signed to win budget battles back 
in Washington DC. 

The civilians in charge warn 
both to protect their control of 
the programme from any Penta- 
gon takeover and to secure the 
necesary funds from a deficit- 
conscious Congress. So they 
design the programme with 
public opinion and pressure 
groups in mind. The shuttle 
crews increasingly resemble those 
of World War Two dramas in 
which a platoon under fire 
contains a representative of every 
social and racial group. 

The raw material for cynicism, 
then, is certainly present But any 
cynical interpretation of foe 
space programme only raises 
more, and more interesting, 
questions. To be sure, a partly 
military programme is justified 
by citing man’s drive for knowl- 
edge in new worlds. But why 
does that justification appeal so 
deeply to the American imagina- 

Of course, putting a woman 
teacher in space is great publicity 
for forthcoming budget battles. 
But it has to be popular in the 
first place to have the desired 
effect. What's foe basis of that 
quite extraordinary popularity? 

In the first place, the space 
programme appeals to certain 
specifically ’'American” qualities. 
Most obvious is foe American 
feith in technology and thus in 
the future. This profound streak 
of “can-do” optimism explains, 
for instance, the topsy-turw 
character of American politics. 
Conservatives are confident op- 
timists. fascinated with gadgets. 

It is dissenters and alienated 
intellectuals looking to Europe 

who gloomily embrace Luddite 
notions of “malaise” and “limits 
to growth”. Occasional attempts 
by the left to criticize Nasa 
allocations as money that would 
be better spent on the poor have 
fallen on stony ground. * 

If space technology appeals to 
American emotions that are 
culturally ‘’conservative" or 
“masculine”, foe idea of dtizen- 
astronauts is a bow to liberal 
ideas of civic improvement and 
participation. A woman teacher, 
embodying both education and 
feminism, is almost a definition 
of liberal virtue. 

The tragic death of Christa 
McAuliffe was treated by the 
networks as the single most 
newsworthy aspect of foe destruc- 
tion of foe shuttle, and there has 
been almost no questioning of. 
foe wisdom of encouraging a : 
mother with dependent children . 
to take such serious risks. 

To concentrate on purely •• 
American qualities, however, is 
probably a mistake. The idea of' 
exploration seems Jinked. to the 
feet of being a great power, like ‘ 
Portugal and Spain in their ■ 
heyday, and I8th and 19th- 
century Britain. Great ex- 
peditions have typically been 
justified by reference to asociety's 
higher values — foe spread of 
religion in the 19th century or the 
acquisition of scientific knowl- 
edge today. 

But neither explanation seems 
sufficient to account for foe vast’, 
enthusiasm of foe British public 
which made Captain Cook and, 
David Livingstone heroes of the 
day. Like imperialism itselt 
exploration seems to be an ' 
expression of a natural force - 
those sudden bursts of energy 
which lake a nation to foe top 
but which are too powerful to be 
contained by domestic activities: 

How is disaster likely to affect 
foe public mind? Psychologists- 
are diagnosing an American 
“trauma : a symbol has been 
irestroyed. That may be too 
gloomy a diagnosis. Before the 
disaster, the space programme 
naa beensuffering from its tech- 
nical successes. Nothing had gone' 
seriously wrong in 19 years.’ 

Success had come to lark ‘ 

grandeur. There was nothing to 
compare with foe unreliable 

JJVJP®- desertion of guides, hostile ' 
tribes, swamps, jungle, disease' 
and other privations that afflicted * 

J Wl ' cenUl,y 

apace nad no martyrs. 

It has them now. Space ‘ 
exploration is seen to be frighten- 
ng as well as clever. Amerieais 

d£r for is not » . 

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01 401 4100 


January’s discouraging un- 
figures have 

ftut ^ er burden to the 
Governments present bag- 
gage-train of woes. There are 
di e usual midwinter excuses 
Perhaps this is only a 
temporary setback: we have 
naa only two months of bad 
figures, following three 
months during which un- 
employment fell Perhaps the 
raw figures have been in- 
sufficiently adjusted for the 
seasonal weakening in the 
labour market Bui as cal- 
culated by the government's 
own statisticians, the recent 
increase - over 38,000 in the 
underlying total between 
November and January - 
comes as an unwelcome 
shock to a Government 
which believed it could count 
on a modest decline in 
unemployment this year. 

The Treasury was by no 
means alone in this assump- 
tion. Most economic forecast- 
ers were expecting the dole 
queue to stabilise, at worst, 
during 1986. The main reason 
for this modest hope was that 
the labour force was expected 
to grow much more slowly, as 
fewer school-leavers came on 
to the labour market and the 
rush of married women to 
rejoin the labour market 
began to peter out If 
February's figures prove to be 
equally grim, however, these 
comforting calculations will 
change for the worse - in time 
to alter the political context 
of the Budget. 

The first question that the 
Opposition will reopen with 
vigour is whether the Chan- 
cellor should depart from its 
strategy to stimulate the 
economy with a larger budget 
deficit than planned. This 
argument should be firmly 
resisted. Sterling’s present 
vulnerability, and the confu- 
sion over domestic monetary 
policy, show that this is not 
the moment to take risks with J 
budgetary policy. The fall in 
sterling, meanwhile, imparts 
its own stimulus to the 
economy, improving the 
competitiveness df~ British 
exports: while lower, oil prices 
will help to stimulate the 

markets in which those ex- 
ports are sold. 

The second question, how- 
ever, is raised not only by the 
Opposition but also by in- 
dustry. In its Budget sub- 
missions, the Confederation 
of British Industry urged the 
Chancellor to spend such 
spare cash as he may have 
within the confines of his 
targets to expand employ- 
ment programmes and la- 
bour-intensive public 

spending before cutting in- 
come tax. Some - not all - of 
the CBI's proposals are per- 
fectly sensible. They com- 
mand considerable support 
on Mrs Thatcher’s 
backbenches, which can be 
expected to have rather 
greater influence on economic 
policy than hitherto. But as 
presently constructed, 
Britain’s budgetary system 
provides for expenditure de- 
cisions to be taken well in 
advance of the Budget, and 
the cabinet has agreed the 
level and pattern of spending 
for 1986-87 already. To re- 
open the argument now 
would be to shake loose the 
Government's already tenu- 
ous grip on total public 

It would be a grievous 
mistake for the Government 
to run scared away from its 
declared intent to cut taxes. It 
is argued, with some force, 
that the only effect of 
reductions in income tax will 
be to put more money in the 
pockets of the employed, who 
have already, through large 
real wage increases, benefited 
considerably and continu- 
ously at the cost of the 
unemployed. This is not, 
however, at heart an argu- 
ment against lower taxes. It is 
a criticism of Britain's persis- 
tent determination to price 
itself out of work. 

•The annual report of the 
Organisation for Economic 
Co-operation and Develop- 
ment on the United Kingdom 
is a timely reminder of our 
singular folly. Pay in Britain, 
after all due allowance is 
made for real productivity 
improvements, is rising far 
faster t han in all our ma in 

From Professor O. J. Zellick 
Sir, Generally speaking, ministers 
competitors. British business can authorise themselves to 
is therefore under far greater disclose official information. But 
pressure to close down un- there are obviously limits to this 
economic factories, or replace P° wcr - To t ak eao extreme 


ness in any other comparable g^ariy contravene the law. 
economy. Take, then a letter marked 

The Government s efforts “Confidential” sent by one min- 
have been directed towards ister to another and copied to 
remoulding Britain’s labour several others. Would it be open 
market in the imag e of more 0 06 9^ tho se Jn r eceipt of a 
successful economies: to try, without reference cither to 
. . . the writer or the gfMrpsse ** to 

^ C ., P « t ? tlV r disclose its contents tothePn^ 
P^ e £..?T 0UIlt * rand s of Aod if the lener in question were 
inflexibilities, to stimulate advice from a Law officer, which 
swifter and more productive long-standing constitutional prac- 
reaction to industrial change, lice, rightly or wrongly, has 
This attempt to make die decreed shall be treated with the 
labour market work better is a™*** of confides*, could such 

rightly commended by ISS 

OECD; but its effects aii wgjepfiori Sms Ao to 

painfully slow. Britain’s most Permission from the Prime 
disturbing economic feature. Minister could indeed change the 

pointed to by OECD, is that 

its labour shake-out has had . . 

so little influence on wage Aid IOr yOHHg 
settlements. Our uninter- From Mrs Valerie Riches 
rupted pay scramble is lock- Sir, The article on the “need” for 
ing us into high young people to receive every 
unemployment: a world in encouragement and assistance, to 
which ever more jobs become S?f!S£L S-nS 1-1 v ldB ft ll8 fSi» 
uneconomic, while the growth 
ofnew jobs is bhghurf tythe 

rast-nstng cost of labour. of the Brook Advisory Centres, 
Britain can break out of was more remarkable for wbat it 
this prison in only two ways. left out than for what it included. 
Either its industry « m use its 1° her obsession to provide 
new freedom to manag e not youngsters with coy, convenient 
only to shed labour, but to 

left out than for what it included. 

In her obsession to provide 
youngsters with cosy, convenient 
clinics, staffed by warm and 

control the growth in its wage rSSPSSSSS^^ 
costs - or Government can adolescent clients' every whim, 
plunge into the old, sorry Ms Fritter ignores the central 
business of imposed wage issue. Sexual relationships are 
controls. Industry has no known to have serious medical 
more wish than Mrs and emotional consequences for 

STTlWSLE Misspent effort 

therefore, to make the first From Mrs F.W. Hipsey 
approach work. The Confed- **** * * ** fee Gorera- 

eration of British Industry has 
made attempt, half-heartedly 
received by its members,to 
talk wage settlements down 
by 2 per cent this year. Far 
greater resolve, throughout 
industry, is needed. Rather 
than writing a budget for the 
Chancellor, the CBI would be 
better employed pursuing pay 
restraint with a whole heart 
Its freedom to do so, along 
with the Government's ability 
to give it that freedom, is fast 
running out 

ment has caused such a ridicu- 
lous situation (now apparent to 
myself) in the National Health 

My husband, a serving police 
officer of 10 years, has been 
awaiting an operation for an 
injury to his bade for nine 
months. He is totally unfit for 
doty, but has been receiving full 
pay, while side, totalling about 
£5,400. Yet the operation he 
requires to correct his injury 
would cost £4,000! 


Britain's 17,000 general den- 
tal practitioners may now 
advertise. What they ad- 
vertise is rigidly limited - 
little more, in feet, than their 
basic existence, whereabouts 
and qualifications. The Gen- 
eral Dental Council (the 
profession's regulatory body) 
sanctioned the removal of the 
cobwebs of uncommercial 
gentility in dentistry last 
November, exactly three 
months after the Office of 
Fair Trading articulated the 
“desirability” of potential pa- 
tients having better access to 

In the relative swiftness of 
its action, the GDC cleariy 
hoped to avoid the fete of the 
opticians, who recieved a 
similar OFT call in 1983 with 
such reluctance that the 
Secretary of State for Social 
Services used Privy Council 
powers to enact the OFT 
recommendations. The op- 
ticians' monopoly has been 
hit hard. The dentists obvi- 
ously saw the pragmatism in 
a rapid act of goodwill. But 
the limited move towards 
dental advertising is a small 
advance for those - sup- 
posedly including the Gov- 

ernment - who want the 
health services to be more 
responsive to their con- 

Dentists are not allowed to 
refer to their own particular 
skills; so the mysteries of 
endodontics and prosthodon- 
tics remain just that. Clients 
wanting to go directly to 
dentists specialising in treat- 
ment of root canals, or in the 
supply of dentures, will not 
be able to discern the 
availability of such talents 
from a practitioner’s advertis- 

Vexing the Minister of 
Health, Mr Barney Hayhoe, 
still more is the question of 
advertisement of fees to 
private patients. Mr Hayhoe's 
line is that such information 
would be a significant help to 
clients in choosing a dentist 
whom they intend to pay for 
their treatment The pro- 
fession, however, says such 
information would be 
misleading because the cost of 
treatment varies from patient 
to patient according to the 
course of treatment required. 
A reliable figure cannot, it 

says, be estimated until after 

i- rMAsarrh raons Committee on Agri- 

Decline m researui culture suggested several 

Frnm iv Maurice Allen organisational improvements, 

Manv of the advances in the including a simplification of the 

rS-SJl nf animal disease have ponderous administrative 
SSted from centrally funded organisation which manages the 
Nevertheless, the agricultural sector of research. 

Eg? 1 Kingdom currently has ijnfortunately their advice was 
Ljniieo ^ iuber- largely ignored. 

djs ***f i^ca^especially related Now there is to be a more 
iisease m widely based review by the 

SJrSS® scab, more recently House of Lords Seteci Commit- 
S^rSStisof turkeys, and tee on Science and Technology. It 
^ diseases of domestic is to be hoped that their 

tnany 0 jf e r require a conclusions will not be ignored in 

pets '- Vu.^nnut of applied and a similar cavalier fashion. 

conunumg y 0UI * fcjthftilly, 

rate of W. MAURICE ALLEN, 

Seen along the line 

who ba ve ^^emnloyed within From Professor G R. Dunsian 
yean; have been g- travelling the other 

the publicly j oys some 143 day on an Inter -City 125 from 

sector, which employs son fcgabuigh to Newcastle I ob- 

in total. schools at served what great pleasure the 

The l e ^SSedmore guard gave to passengers by 

universities have Swing aitennon (when his 

of the the last duties permitted) to points- of 

aoDfoximaiely 7S ."“P veterinary interest visible through the car- 

in total. schools at served what great pleasure the 

The '^SSedmore guard gave to passengers by 

universities have Swing anwnon (when his 

of the YP u 5f during the last duties permitted) to points- of 

approximately 7S J^eterinary interest viable through the car- 

lOvears, m a“#2 ihere riage windows, to nght or to left, G r dUNSTAN 
staff of 297. H^ f^ W.nloyed like Alnmouth and Undisfeme. 

least one thirdare^P^y ^ ^ ? f the, sneaker system 9 Maryfield Avenue, 

onh- in short-term *hev may was quiet, informed and Pennsylvania, 

oSsts, often so tbatmeyro^ discriminating. lias 1 gathered, Exeter, 

Ebrain the es* 01 * 31 mis was an initiative of his own, Devon, 

degrees. UrtlKfi of Com- it is "arm 1 * w be commended. Januaty 23 
In 1982 the House u 

an initial examination. The 
GDC is willing to allow 
dentists to advertise basic 
costs of such examinations, 
but no further. 

There are significant vari- 
ations in the costs of identical 
courses of treatment. The 
OFT surveyed 2,000 dentists 
prior to its call for advertis- 
ing. It found jacket porcelain 
crowns costing from under 
£50 to over £1 50, and full sets 
of dentures selling at between 
£165 and £250. The new 
optical shops advertise their 
wares, for example, “from 
£30”, and it seems reasonable 
that dentists should be al- 
lowed to produce individual 
price lists stating such basic 

Char ges. 

The advertising would have 
to stress that these were 
minimum charges and it 
would be subject to strong 
sanctions for misrepresenta- 
tion. If progress is to be made 
in allowing market forces to 
operate inside the heath 
service, there must be a start, 
at least, in improving the 
information available to con- 

Would the Railways Board 
match it with a wider initiative? 
Concise guides to longdistance 
journeys, what to look far out of 
the window, on sale at the 
booking office, would encourage 
interest among intending pas- 
sengers: rivers, wmak, moun- 
tains, hills, forests, houses, 

castles, power stations, factories, 
mills. They would be of interest 
to adutls they would offer a 
quiet alternative to knee-slapping 
for restless children. Few jour- 
neys through Britain would prove 
a bore. Some of the material is 
already assembled for tbe Inter 
City magazine; but the booklets 1 
envisage would be related to 
routes over their whole distance. 

In the old company days the 
Great Western Railway published 
excellent books, scholarly and 
well-illustiaied, about castles, 
abbeys, routes, etc which it 
served. A new enterprise now 
would help in the recovery of 
travel by train. 

Yours feilhfiilly. 

Live-in domestics 

From Mr John F. Hutchinson 
Sir, I could not let Auberon 
Waugh's article on "The new 
servant problem” (January 11) 
pass without comment. Perhaps a 
more accurate picture would 
have emerged if Mr Waugh had 
taken the time to investigate his 
story from the domestic’s 

The live-in domestic has no 
protection from any labour board 
to ensure that be has proper 
breaks, that he does not work 16 
and 18 boms a day, to guarantee 
that he has a statement .of 
employment, to give him any 
sort of coverage for injuries 
incurred while wotting, to give 
him sick benefits etc.' 

A domestic employee can be 
fired without notice, his only 
alternative then being to take his 
employer before a tribunal and 
hope that his word as a servant 
will be taken against that of 
landed gentry or a respectable 
businessman. More often than 
not, no reference will be given to 
an employee who is fired or who 
leaves of his own volition. 

Residential staff can rarely 
enjoy such a basic necessity as 
privacy. Live-in domestics are 
often not even granted an entire 
day’s respite as they must often 
fulfil several morning duties 
before leaving cm their day off. 

Perhaps your next article on 
recent servant problems should 
include the domestic's point of 
view and so avoid an obvious 
bias. I'm sure you would find 
that most of us work, or have 
worked, in appalling circum- 
stances, and that you would be 
shocked to find conditions little 
changed since tbe 19th century. 
Yours etc„ 


House Manager, 

48A Upper Brook Street, Wl. 

From Miss Alison Birkett 
Sir, Auberon Waugh’s recent 
article (January 11) on the 
servant problem made many 
good points about the ridiculous 
situation in which present day 

The Times’ move 

From Mr Jon Adams 
Sir, The paean of congratulation 
on your letters page today 
(January 30) is reminiscent of the 
correspondence in tbe Jupiter 
concerning Hiram’s Hospital As 
Trollope pointed out, it was 
"angular enough that no adverse 
tetter appeared at all and, 
therefore, none of course was 

Yours faithfully, 


47 Rock Road, 



January 30. 

•H'e published on January 30 all 
the letters, we had: received on our 
move to Wapping. 

From Mrs April Stroud 
Sir, Mr N. C. 4 Brassard (January 
30) asks wby The Times is nearly 
one inch narrower. A far more 

situation, but we do not yet have 
a system, as I understand it, in 
which Prime Minister’s Press 
secretaries or private secretaries 
can release a senior minister 
from his legal obligations. 

That the Department of Trade 
and Industry and indeed the then 
Secretary of State himslef realised 
their action was dubious is 
evidenced by the non-attributable 
basis on which the leak was made 
and the complete silence that 
followed when the storm broke. 

I do not say that it would have 
been prudent for the Attorney- 
General to have prosecuted or 
even that jury would convict, but 
the assumption that ministers are 
in law wholly free from the 
restraints of the Official Secrets 
Act is unfounded. 

Yours faithfully. 

Faculty of Laws. 

Queen Mary College. 

University of London. 

January 30. 

children were engaging in them, 
would take steps to remedy the 
situation. A multi-million pound 
chain of birth control drop-in 
centres, or contraceptive 
takeaways would not address this 

For Ms Fraler and her col- 
leagues keeping parents in the 
dark is the means to an end; for 
those who are concerned about 
the effects on young people of 
premature sexual relationships it 
is the vital link in a chain of un- 
desirable influences on their 

Yours sincerely. 


National Honorary Secretary. 
Familv & Youth Concern. 

Milton Keynes, 


January 22 

Surely if he had been admitted 
when bis iqjury bad first oc- 
curred the Government would 
have saved money and my 
husband and family a lot of 
physical and mental stress. 

How much longer win my 
husband wait? Ironically no one 
is able to inform us. Meanwhile 
he will receive lull pay. 

In what other areas is money 
thrown away? 

Yours feithfiilly, 


69 Ardmore Lane, 

Buckhurst Hill 

January 23. 

society finds itself after being 
emancipated from a system 
which (in its original conception) 
both masters and servants served 
each other and were mutually 

The present crisis reminds us 
that, however much modem 
technology advances, there will 
always have to be "someone” 
there to look after the house and 
family, ensuring an environment 
of peace and ssrenily (family 
atmosphere) in which human 
beings can develop physically 
and spiritually. 

I am not advocating putting 
the dock back 50 years, but I am 
asking us to reflea and review 
our values. Hotel and catering is 
tbe largest industry in the 
country; no one looks down on 
caterers, nor do caterers feel 
servile preparing rooms and 
serving food to others in hotels 
and restaurants. Why then should 
anyone feel servile looking after a 
family in their own home? 

As for as the unpleasant nature 
of the work is concerned, I would 
disagree. Most women eqjoy this 
work and get a lot of satisfaction 
out of looking after a household 
(which is no mean enteprise and 
lake some initiation). Besides, I 
can think of other jobs (nursing, 
for instance) where many much 
more disagreeable tasks have to 
be performed daily; yet they are 
not badly thought of. 

Possibly the problem lies in the 
lack of training for domestic 
work which incurs lack of 
prestige- Those of us who 
appreciate the an of running a 
home and are engagxl in 
promoting it are convinced that a 
great deal of re-thinking is 
needed both on the part of the 
employer and of the employee, 
re-thinking which involves as- 
pects like proper training, 
responsibility, consideration for 
others, a spirit of service and 
mutual respect. 

Yours faithfully, 

Flat 6 

12 Embankment Gardens, SW30 
January 24 

intriguing question is why was he 
measuring it in the first place? 
Yours faithfully. 


54 Somerset Road, 

Fam borough, 


January 30. 

From Mr Michael Claughton 
Sir. Today, instead of my usual 
"Thunderer”, I find a copy of the 
Sun wedged in my tetter box. 

Could this delivery be just a 
whopping mistake, or simply a 
sign of The Time s? 

Yours faithfully, 


Maidstone Road, 



January 30. 

The Times regrets that it is 
temporarily unable to notify 
correspondents whose letters are 
not selected for publication. 

Taking care of 
the elderly 

From the Director, National 
Council for Carers and their 
Elderly Dependants Lid. 

Sir. Your report (January 28) of a 
survey carried' out from the 
Whittington Hospital and pub- 
lished in the British Medical 
Journal shows a sad lack of 
understanding of the needs of 
carers for the elderly. According 
io a group of London donors, 
sending old people to hospital 
"just" to give holidays to 
whoever looks after them at 
home can be a death sentence. 

What about the "sentences” 
which are imposed upon carers? 
The “holidays" which are re- 
ferred to are frequently the only 
break which the carer may have 
had for years from the onerous 
utsk of caring for a confused, 
incontinent, old person. 

The carer's own physical and 
mental health, not io mention 
the wellbeing of the rest of the 
family, may be severely at risk if 
respite care is not occasionally 

We must remember that only 9 
per cent of over-75 year olds are 
in any kind of institutional care. 
The rest either live alone or are 
cared for by their families. The 
fact that this care is normally 
offered willingly and lovingly 
leads us all too frequently to 
e&ploiL the role of the carer. 
Carers need care, too! 

Yours trulv, 



National Council for Carers and 
their Elderly Dependants Ltd., 

29 Chilworth Mews. W2. 

January 28. 

Polish conscripts 

From Dr Adam Darowski 
Sir. Your correspondent (“Pris- 
oners the West must not forget". 
January 27) writes of the refusal 
of some Hungarian conscripts to 
do military service, and their 
consequent imprisonment. A 
similar phenomenon has become 
increasingly frequent in Poland, 
where a change in law, made in 
October, 1984, means that a 
refusal to take the military oath 
is to be treated like any other 
breach of military discipline. 

As a result of this change, 
Marek Adam Kiewicz was sen- 
tenced to 2Vi years'imprisonmenl 
in 1984, and many others have 
since suffered a similar fate. As 
in Hungary, no alternative form 
of service is available to those 
who do not wish to serve in an 
army whose main role is to keep 
in power an unpopular regime. 

Polish soldiers are required to 
lake an oath of allegiance to the 
Government of the Polish 
People's Republic and to the 
Army of the Soviet Union, which 
is, of course, unacceptable to 
many of the generation brought 
up in the era of Solidarity. 

Over the last 40 years the Stale 
Army has not been used in the 
defence of its own people but has 
become an instrument of their 
subjugation. Since the defeat of 
the anti -communist resistance in 
1947, the Army has been used 
against Poland's civilian popula- 
tion on three occasions - in 1956. 
1970 and 1981 - and, in 1968, 
against the people of Czecho- 

The publicity surrounding this 
new wave of persecution has 
highlighted the plight of political 
prisoners in Poland, so that their 
existence has now been officially 
admitted by the Polish Govern- 
ment, and has led to the 
formation of a new organisation 
in Poland called "Freedom and 
Peace”, who campaign on their 
behalf so that their cause is not 

Yours faithfully. 


15 Priory Road. 

Newbury, Berkshire. 

Staying power 

From Lieutenant -Colonel 
Michael Mates, MP for Hamp- 
shire East . (Conservative) 

Sir, The mobile bakery which 
was producing fresh bread for the 
troops in the Falkland Islands 
when I went there in early 1983 
deserves a mention for longevity. 

Built in 1943 to operate in the 
field on a trailer behind a 3-ton 
truck, tbe oven was in continual 
use until 1969, when it was 
presented by the RAOC in 
Cyprus to the Royal Corps of 
Transport Museum. 

Recalled to the colours in 
1982 it was shipped to the 
Falkland Islands, producing 
270.000 fresh loaves before being 
replaced by a more modern oven. 

It is now back in its place of 
honour in the RCT Museum at 
Beverley. North Humberside. 
Doubtless if the call comes again, 
the next generation of Army 
bakers will find the oven ready 
and willing to serve. 

I have the honour to be. Sir, 
Your obedient servant 

House of Commons. 

From the Rural Dean of Solway 
Sir, My “bags waterproof signal 
no.2” which safely conveyed 
some of our equipment to the 
Normandy beach-head in 1944 
had never been a spear; nor did it 
ever become a pruning hook; but 
in peace it has safely conveyed 
many items to and from the 
churches which I have served. It 
continues to do so. the latest item 
being lights for the Christmas 

Yours feithfiilly, 


The Vicarage, 


Maryport Cumbria. 


FEBRUARY 1 1858 

The Great Eastern, originally 
known as the Leviathan was 
designal by Isambard Kingdom 
Brunei (1806-59) and bud: by 
Messrs. Scott Russell & Co. at 
MillwalL An attempt la launch it 
in November 1857 u>as a disaster 
and it was not until January 31 
the following year that it was 
successfully accomplished. She 
was 692 ft long, 83 ft broad and 
weighed 12,000 tons - a ship six 
times bigger than any other built 
up to that time. 

Floating the 5 

Leviathan tl 

Yesterday afternoon the long -pro - 
uacted process of Launching this vessel 
was happQy brought io a successful 
termination, and the Leviathan was 
floated off her ways and towed to her ;;c 
moorings in the river. The whole affair 5 
was effected with such perfect regular- 
ity. and with so much the appearance 3 ,,. 
of it being quite a matter of course and 
every day occurrence, that it b. almost 
difficult to discover any incident to 
distinguish it from other events of the y 
same kind which take place along the 
river's bank at each hill tide. As was ^ 
stated in our Last impression, it wes 
resolved on Friday night that the 
attempt to haul her to her moorings S', 
should be made on tbe following day. 
and to this end all the necessary 
preparations and precautions were duly — 
arranged. Bui within a couple of hours 
after this decision had been made ~ 
every arrangement was frustrated and 
all the plans overturned by the sudden 
chang e of wind. 

Saturday’s weather justified all these t-c 
precautions to the fullest extent- The 
wind kept back the tide, so that, even gwr 
empty of ballast, the Leviathan would 1 gp 
scarcely have floated: while at the Jag 

timg it blew with a pressure of nearly Rttl 
150 tons upon the monster's broadside. __ 
Anyone practically acquainted with 
towing difficulties will see at once that 
an attempt to haul her off under such 

circumstances would have been ab- 

solute wmriiMws. Even under the most 
favourable view of tbe case she must 
have gone ashore at once. or. failing 
this, have swept broadside up the 
stream, tugs and all, whan she would T 
have entirely settled the question as to 
tbe supremacy of the river, and put the 
Great Eastern Steam Navigation 
Company into the Gazette in half an __ 
hour. C* 

Nothing of this kind, however, was ^ 
to be apprehended yesterday. The ^ 
weather was fine, clear, and cairn, with 
scarcely any breeze, and what little 
there was all in favour of Lhe vessel 
and a high tide. Tbe public had been 
so often disappointed as to the launch 
that, although it seemed generally 
known that yesterday was the best and 
highest tide, and that, if ever, she 
would float on that day. the prospect 
of her floating at all seemed quite as 
generally disbelieved. The presence of 
all the workmen in the yard yesterday. 1 
therefore, was regarded as a thing of no 
account, and not till the huge monster 
actually floated did the preparations 
for hauling her off seem to exrite much . 
interest. 13 x 

The tide ran op with unusual -a! 
swiftness, and as the flood relieved the 
weight upon the la unchin g ways some 
of tiie hydraulic machines were set to 
work for the last time, to push the 
monster as far as possible into the 
centre of the river. She moved easily, 
and with such a low rate of pressure 
that a abort time gave an advance of lat, 
80 inches, which showed that more 
(ban half the cradles were quite pushed 
off the ways and rested on the river 
bottom. At half-past 1 the men in the 
row boats stationed alongside observed 
that she no longer rested on tbe cradles 
- that she was. in fact, afloat, but, of 

course, the transition was so gradual 

that few were aware of it until the tugs 1 
began steaming ahead, and showed : 
that at last she was fairly under way. L 
Then the cheers which arose from the 
yard and from the decks, from the 
boats in the river, and the crews of the ; 
ships at anchor up and down the 
stream, spread the great news far and 
wide, and thus under the most -. 
favourable circumstances the Levia- 
than commenced her first voyage on 
the Thames. j 

Two powerful tugboats were at her ’ 
bows and two were fastened astern. }_ 
Other steamers aho were in attendance 
and rendered their aid, but the efforts ). 
of the four we have mentioned were 
mainly instrumental in Tnnnap in p her. *- 

At first the efforta of those ahead ; 

seemed to have little effect, and when 
at length some way was made on her it 
wes abruptly checked by one of the 
paddle-wheels fouling the cradles. It 
took some time to clear her of this ob- 
stacle, but at last it was accomplished; 
her head was let swing partly round |fg i 
with the tide, and the steamers began 
moving her slowly, but very slowly, 
forward, clear of the cradles. These, as 
our readers are aware, were composed 
of immense balks of timber, on which 
Lhe vessel's bottom rested, and which ( 
her weight alone kept down. The 
police, therefore, had to take unusual 
precautions yesterday to keep all boats > 
clear of her while the wrecks of tbe 
cradles plunged up in tremendous 
masses as each was released by the 
onward movement of the Leviathan. 

Soon after the cradles were cleared, 
and the surface of the river covered 
with their fragments, the Leviathan 
fouled the barges which, moored with 
tremendous chains, were formerly used 
to pufl her downwards Inwards the 
river. On this occasion, to judge from 

the liberal proffers of advice from all 
sides, everybody on deck seemed 
eminently skilled in dealing with 
impracticable barges, and it was quite 
refreshing to hear how the men in tbe 
barge were desired to undo mooring ~D 
chains and cast off hawsers which it pi 
has been the business of the last three Jg 
months to fasten and rivet firmly: but 
at last Captain Harrison got a hearing, 
and under his directions, every 
remonstrance which sledge-hammers 
and axes could urge on the refractory 
tackle having been used in vain, it was 
decided to scuttle the barge. This 
expedient was, of course, decisive, and 
' the Levialhan was a gn fa got under way 
and brought slowly down to her — 
moorings opposite Deptford. 



I sud; 
: -ebe! 
-■ 1 Si 
- alio 
U ihej 
^ n pa 
It sout 
-1 ofi 

— “olvc 
•p seer 

“ ‘.WOU 
_ .-pecu 

— l ^s. 

Best of both words 

From Mr Peter Willis 
Sir. The Vice-President of the 
Society of Indexers, when quot- 
ing with approval A.P. Herbert's 
index to one of his books 
(January 20). hardly inspires 
confidence when she puts 
“Reasonable Man” and “ 
Reasonable Woman” before 

Surely, marriage should come 
first for all reasonable men and 

Yours truly. 


5 Fenwick Close, 


Newcastle upon Tyne. 




David Holloway 

The Temple of learning 



January 31: The Princess of 
Wales this morning visited 
the National Drugs Intelli- 
gence Unit based at New 
Scotland Yard. London SW1. 

Miss Anne Beckwiih-Smith 
and Lieutenant-Commander 
Richard Aytard. RN. were in 

Princess *Anne. President of 
the Save the Children Fund, 
will visit the Hammersmith 
Gypsy Project on March 20 
aiid the southern regional office 
of the African Family .Advisory 
Service in Hammersmith. 
Later, as Patron of the Riding 
for the Disabled Association, 
she will attend a luncheon at 
Saddlers' Hall and receive the 
tenth silver jubilee saddle from 
the Saddlers' Company. 

The Queen will open the new 
head office of the Standard 
Chartered Group at 
Bishopsgate on Mareh 20 and 

>n the evening, accompanied by 
the Duke of Edinburgh, will 
attend the royal film perfor- 
mance While A fights at the 
Odeon Theatre. Leicester 
Square, in aid of the Cinema 
and Television Benevolent 

The Queen, accompanied by 
the Duke of Edinburgh will 
open the Wigan Pier Develop- 
ment on Mareh 21 and later 
the Greater Manchester Ex- 
hibition Centre and the Greater 
Manchester Police Commu- 
nications and Computer Com- 

A memorial service for Lord 
David Cedi CH, will be held 
at St Bartholomew-the-Great. 
London ECl, on Tuesday. 
February 25 at 1 lam. 

A service of thanksgiving for 
the life and work of His 
Honour Brian Gibbens, QC, 
will be held in Gray's I nn 
Chapel on Wednesday, Feb- 
ruary 5 at 4.45pm. 

A service of thanksgiving for 
the life of T.M.Thomas will be 
held at St Margaret's, 
Lothbury. London EC2, on 
Tuesday. February 1 1 at noon. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr J E B Sevan 
and Captain S F Palter, RAMC 
The engagement is announced 
between James, son of Mr and 
Mrs M.G.M.Bevan. of 
Longstowe. Cambridgeshire, 
and Susan, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs A.V. Parker, of Appleton. 

Mr P T Blaus bard 
and Mbs C E Crawford 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul Terry, only son 
of Mr and Mrs R.R.Blanshard, 
of Ruislip. Middlesex, and 
Christine Elizabeth, only 
daughter of Squadron Leader 
and Mrs BJ. Crawford, of 
Aston Tirrold. Oxfordshire. 

Mr SABndiao 
and Miss N-SJ.Lams 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen Andrew, only 
son of Mr A.M.Buchan. of 
Southport, and Mrs D.M.Pagc, 
of Johannesburg, and Nicola 
Susan Jane, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs CJ.W.Lavers. of 
Sunningdale. Berkshire- 
Mr R I Cranston 
and Miss F Graham 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert lan. elder son 
of the late Mr ILS. Cranston 
and of Mrs Cranston, of 
Ashcroft. Wadhurst. Sussex, 
and Fiona, daughter of the late 
Dr D. Chart eris Graham and of 
Mrs Graham, of Petersfield. 

Mr N Dobsoa-Smyth 
and Miss P McLean 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel eldest son of Dr 
and Mrs William Dobson- 
Smyth. of Bath, and Penelope, 
-younger daughter of the late 
Mr Eric McLean and Mrs 
Eileen McLean, of Bardsey. 

Mr E J M k—n» 
and Miss M C Retd 
The engagement is announced 
between Kevin John Marie, 
only son of Mrs Anna CJCeane. 
of Southgate, London, and the 
late Mr John Keane, and 
Margaret Christine, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Coffin 
Reid, of Papatoetoe, Auckland, 
New Zealand. 

Mr D Marrefl 
and Miss J A Baker 
The engagement is announced 
between David, second son of 
the late Gordon Murrell and 
Mrs B. Murrell, of Beckenham. 
Kent, and Janet, youngest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs 
R-H. Baker, of Biggin HOI, 

Mr D N Pinkerton 
and Miss A E Rattray 
The engagement is announced 
between David, elder son of Dr 
and Mrs P.Pinkerton, of I 
Cbigwel!, Essex, and Arlene, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
I.Rattray, of Cove Bay, Aber- 

Mr C J pinmagtoo 
and Miss F M McLure 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of | 
Mr W.F.Pinnington. of Birken- 
head. Cheshire, and Fiona, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
D-N-A-McLure, of Cookbam 
Dean, Berkshire. 

Mr N K Trevelyan Thomas 
and Miss C L Vernon 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel son of Mr and 
Mrs J.B.Trevelyan Thomas, of | 
Ullipuu Poole, Dorset, and 
Clare, eldest daughter of Mr 
TJ.Vernon. of Duddenhoe 
End. Essex, and Mrs 
S.M.Chadwick of Asbprington. 

Whether the church should concern 
itself only with religion and not 
meddle in politics is not a new 


In the miners strike pf 1926 a group 
of bishops tried to bring the miners, 
the pit owners and the Government 
together. But Mr Stanley Baldwin, the 
Prime Minister, objected. He asked the 
bishops how would they like it if he re- 
ferred to the Iron and Steel Federation 
the revision of the Athanasian creed. 

It was ‘ that great exponent of 
Christian social responsibility (and a 
former Archbishop of Canterbury), 
William Temple, who powerfully 
showed the necessity of the church 
involving itself in politics, and to good 

Through his own writing and 
leaching he helped to pave the way for 
the post-war developments in educa- 
tion. health care and welfare services 
that we all enjoy and take for granted. 
But he maintained there was a limit to 
how far the church could go in 
advocating specific policies. 

In the dark days of 1942 Temple 
wrote a Penguin Special, Christianity 
and the Social Order. In it he argued 
that four factors should cause the 
church to “interfere'’ in politics: first 
the claims of Oirist-like love for those 
who suffer, second, the fen that a 
social or economic system itself 
generates values; third, the need for 
justice; and fourth, the claim of the 
created order that God intended for 

But how should the church interfere? 
Here be reckoned there were three 
ways. One, its members should live 
positively for Jesus Christ in daily life; 
two. its members should vote and be 
involved so as to promote Christian 
values; and, three, the church itself 
needed to supply its members “with a 
systematic statement of principles to 
aid them in doing these two things, 
and this will carry with it a 

denunciation of customs or institu- 
tions in contemporary life and practice 
which offend against those principles." 

At once be gained the support of 
those wanting to oppose certain 
policies of the Government or, more 
strongly, wanting to change the social 
order. For he was saying that the 
church must point out where the 
existing social and political order was 
in conflict with Christian principles. 

This was fighting talk. But no sooner 
had he got this support, titan he lost it 
because he was not prepared to 
commit the church to dictating means. 

The role of the church as such in so- 
cial and political affairs was limited, he 
said, to teaching about ends and to 
criticise existing means, those that did 
not achieve the prescribed ends or 
those that were self-evidently evil. 

The archbishop came to this 
conclusion: “If a bridge is to be built, 
the church must remind the engineer 
that it is his obligation to provide a 
really safe bridge; but it is not entitled 
to tell him whether, in fact, his design 
meets this requiremenL..ln just the 
same way the church may tel 1 the 
politician what ends the social order 
should promote; but it roust leave u> 
the politician the devising of the 
precise means to those ends." 

The ends that Temple advocated 
were fundamentally biblical “Free- 
dom, fellowship, service - these are the 
three principles of a Christian social 
order, derived from - the still more 
fundamental Christian postulates that 
man is a child of God and is destined 
for a life of eternal fellowship with 

Temple applied this way of doing 
social ethics to unemployment. So he 
refused to produce a Christian solution 
to unemployment “There neither is 
nor could be such a thing. Christian 
faith does not by itself enable its 
adherents to forsee how a vast 

multitude of people, each one partly 
selfish and partly generous, and an 
intricate economic mechanism will in 
feet be affected by a particular 
economic or political innovation, “but 
this did not mean he had to remain 
mealy mouthed. Far from it “I cannot 
teU you what is the remedy; bat I can 
tell you that a society of which 
unemployment _ is a chronic feature, 
is a diseased society, and that if you 
are not doing all you can to find and 
administer the remedy, you are guilty 
before God." 

The Archbishop knew that if the 
church followed his advice, it would 'be 
attacked on two fronts: “It will be told 
that il has become political when in 
feet it has been careful only to state 
principles and point to breaches of 
them; and it will be told by advocates 
of particular policies that it is futile be- 
cause it does not support these.'' 

We may want to qualify a little, but 
has not Ibis former Archbishop of 
Canterbury something to teach us 
today? Of course, churchmen may be 
right when they advocate specific 
political and economic remedies. 

But if so. Temple would say, it 
probably was tike a theologian being 
also a competent engineer and making j 
right judgments over bridge design. 
Such a man ought to be listened to. 
“but this is altogether because he is a 
competent engineer — his theological 
equipment has nothing whatever to do 
with iL" 


Pioneer in anaesthetic 

Dr Christopher Langcon surely rank as 'one of the 
Hewer who has died at the longest in medical editorship, 
age of 89, made an important In 1932. he was present at 

contribution to the role of the the inaugural meeting of the 
anaesthetist and to the Association of Anae st heti sts 

progress and safety of 
anaesthesia at a time when 
the speciality was expanding 

In addition to writing a 

of -which he was later 
chairman ami the first editor 
from' 1946 of its journal 
Anaesthesia, a task be pro- 
ceeded to discharge tirelessly 

number of major works os for die next twenty years. He 
anqngthtKaa he had himself remained Editor Emeritus 
anaesthetised man y cete- until his d ea th , 
brated people in public life, In 1940 Hewer investigated 
notably Sir Winston Chur- the possibilities of the non- 
chill for a hernia operation, explosive agent.- 

and George Bernard Shaw, trichorethylene for use m 

He was Administrator of anaesthesia, particularly un- 
Anaestheiics at -St der ; wartiine conditions; be 
Bartholomew's Hospital for wrote many papers on the 
37 years and was Consulting subject and bis name became 
Anaesthetist to both that associated . .. with 
hospital and the Hospital for picfaJoreihyiene which, is still 
Tropical Diseases. . in use. 

Christopher Langton Among his other pubtica- 

Hewer was educated at 
University College School 
and entered Barts as ‘his 
father, grandfather and great- 
uncle bad before him. He had 

tions were Anaesthesia - in 
Children (1922k (with H.G. 
Boyle) Practical Anaesthetics 
(1923); and Thoughts on 
Modem Anaesthesia (1970) 

a distinguished student career and, roa lighter vein, he will 
and remembered the excite- be remembered within the 
ment when Edmund Boyle profession for the amusing 
unpacked - the replica . of letters be wrote to the BMJ, 
Gwathmey’s continuous flow the Lancet and motoring 
anaesthetic - machine, an magazines. 

apparatus which was to prove 
so valuable in the war and, in 
modified form, to this day. 
Afier qualifying in 1918 he 

But in all this Temple never forgot 
the priority of evangelism arid church 

growth; “If we have to choose between m 

making men Christian and making the I served in the 
soda] order more Christian, we must I Medical Craps 
choose the former.” But be knew that 
you did not have to make the choice, 
because both are necessary. 

The author is Vicar of Jesmond, 
Newcastle upon Tyne. 


Dean of Faculty of Advocates, 
Mr William Prosser. 

Lord Henderson of Brampton 
Lord Henderson of Brampton 
was host at a luncheon held on 
Thursday at the House of 
Lords given by the Governors 
of Godolphin and Latymer 
School to mark the retirement 

06811 “ Service dinners 

The principal speaker was Dr RirfflHsiVC 
Farquhar Macintosh. Rector of „ 

the Royal High School and the TPPAV Sir Kenneth Bond. 

Vice-Chairman of the Dean 
Orphanage. Mrs Margaret Tail, 
was in the chair. 

Lord Thomas of Swymterten 
The Prime Minister attended a 
luncheon yesterday at the 
House of Lords given by the 
Centre for Policy Studies in 
conjunction with their working 
conference on employment, 
organized by Mr Cyril Taylor. 
Lord Thomas of Swynnenon 
was in the chair and the 
speakers included Mr Duncan 
Bluck. Mr Tony Davies, Sir 
Michael Edwardes, Mr Ron 
Fidler, the Hon Rocco Forte, 
Mr John Hatch. Mr Ian 
Johnston, Mr Ian Mitchell 
Lambert, Mr Peter Miller, Mr 
John Redwood, Mr Larry 
Tindale. Sir Charles Villieis 
and Lord Young of Grafiham. 

Mid Atlantic Chib 
Professor Don Price of the J.F. 
Kennedy School of Govern- 
ment at Harvard University 
was the guest of honour and 
speaker at a luncheon arranged 
by the Mid Atlantic Club of 
London at the English-Speak- 
ing Union yesterday. Miss 
Nancy Balfour was in the chair. 


Dean Orphanage and Gamin's 

A dinner was given by the 
governors of the Dean Orphan- 
age and Cauvin’s Trust in 
honour of the retiring chair- 
man, Mr Neil Maevicar, QC, 

Sheriff of Lothian and Borders, 
in the Writers to the Signet 
Library, Parliament Square. 

Edinburgh, on Friday, January , _ 

17. Those attending included ISCITICC IllllChCOIl 
the Sheriff Principal. Sir Fred- 
erick O'Brien, the Lord Ad- 
vocate for Scotland. Lord 
Cameron of Lochbroom.the 
Convenor of Lothian Region. 

Mr Brian Meek, the Moderator 
of the Presbytery of Edinburgh, 
the Rev Colin Martin and the 

Royal Naval College. Green- 

Admiral of the Fleet Sir John 
Ftekihousc, Chief of the De- 
fence Staff was the principal 
guest and speaker at a dinner 
held last night at the Royal 
Naval College. Greenwich. 
Commander T. Jones, com- 
mander of the college, preskied. 

HMS Vernon 
Major-General D.T. Crabtree. 
Colonel of The Duke of 1 
Edinburgh's Royal Regiment 
(Berkshire and Wiltshire), 
HMS Vernon's affiliated regi- 
ment. were guests of the 
officers of HMS Vernon yes- 
terday evening at a dinner to 
mark the end of the affiliation 
on the closure of HMS Vernon. 
Commander K. FiindelL RAN. 
presided and Captain J.D.W. 
Husband. Captain of HMS 
Vernon, was present. 

39th (City of London) Signal 
Regiment (Volunteers) 

The Lord Mayra, accompanied 
by the Sheriffs, was the guest of 
honour at a dinner given last 
night at 79/85 Worship Street, 
EC2. by Lieutenant-Colonel H. 
Grenville-Jones and officers of 
39th (City of London) Signal 
Regiment (Volunteers!. Others 
present included the Mayor of 
Hackney, the Master of the 
Skinners' Company. Major- 
General P.D. Alexander, Signal 
Officer-in-Chief, and Brigadier 
H.G. Meechie, Director of the 

66; Major Stanley Cayzer, 76; 
Mr Peter CrilL 61; Vice- 
Admiral Sir Norman Dalton, 
82; Professor Sir Sam Edwards, 
58; Mr E. Evans. 61; Mr 
Robert Gittings. 75; Mr Leon- 
ard GribWe, 78; Sir Douglas 
Hall. 77; Sir Gordon Hobday, 
70; Professor Douglas Johnson, 
61; Sir Maurice Lamg, 68; Sir 
Jack Lyons. 70; Sir Stanley 
Matthews, 7 1 ; Lord 
Mountevans. 43; Sir John Notl, 
54; Professor Mark Richmond. 
55; Mrs Muriel Spark, 68; Sir 
PCter Tapsell MP. 56; Miss 
Renata Tebaldi, 64. 
TOMORROW: The Right Rev 
Lord Blanch, 68; Mr Andrew 
Davis, 42; Mr Les Dawson. 53; 
the Very Rev Dr Victor de 
Waal. 57; Major-General R.HL 
Farrant, 77; Mr Norman 
Fowler, MP. 48; Mr Hughie 
Green. 66; Mr Jascha Heifetz, 
85; Mr Geoffrey Kent, 64; 
Dame Alix Meyneil, 83; Lord 
Reigate. 81; Miss Elaine 
Stritch, 59; Sir Alfred White, 
84; Mr John Wiliam 43. 

Memorial service 

The Dowager Countess Howe 
A memorial service for the 
Dowager Coumcss Howe was 
held at Holy Trinity Church, 
Penn, Buckinghamshire, yes- 
terday. The Rev Oscar 
Muspratt officiated and gave 
an address. Pandora Cooper- 
Key. grand-daughter, read the 
lesson and Lady Mary Gaye 
daughter, read a • prayer by 
Father Bede Janet. The Bishop 
of Buckingham pronounced the 

Fleet Air Arm 

Officers of the 48th Pilots' 
Course (1943) Fleet Air Ann 
held an anniversary luncheon 
yesterday at the Mayfair Hotel. 
Commander Dennis White, 
RN. was the principal guest. 

Royal Society 
of Arts 

The Council of the Royal 
Society of Arts has awarded die 
bicentenary medal to Sir 
Kenneth Corffekl for his role in 
raising the standard of product 
design in British industry. 

Victorian restoration 
project under way 

Mrs Debbie Coleman (above), 
chief restorer with Plymouth 
Art Museum, at work on 
“Suspense”, a Victorian 
painting by the Truro artist 
Richard Harry Carter, who 
was well known for his 
Cornish seascapes. 

The large canvas - it is 
more than 6ft wide by 4ft 
high - has suffered severe 
damage to the paint surface 
during at least 25 years is 

Officials at the museum 

have begun a large restora- 
tion project. 

Mrs Coleman said 
“Suspense” is “a very fine 
painting”, but the restoration 
involved an exceptional 
ammount of work. The paint- 
ing depicts a woman looking 
anxiously oat to sea at a 
rescue with a lifeboat and a 

In some areas of the work 
the paint has peeled off 
completely. Mis Coleman 
describes her job in relation 

say that hundreds of paint- to Carter's original intentions 
legs have been in their stores as “getting inside his sirina" 

for many years, hot, with the 
increasing interest being 
taken in Victorian works by 
connoisseurs and others, they 

She added: “Yon don't 
alter tire painting at all if yea 
can help it Yon never do 
anything that is irreversible.” 

Latest wills 

Lady Bibby. of Tarporley. 
Cheshire, wife of Sir Harold 
Bibby. president of the Bibby 
Line, left estate valued at 
£1.863.675 net. Her estate is left 
mostly to her husband and 

Mr Francis Ralph HoIn»es,ot 
Beckenham. Kent, the violinist 
left estate valued at £118.740 
net He died intestate. 


London Chamber of Commerce 
and Industry 

The Portuguese Ambassador 
and Senhora Hall Themido 
were the principal guests at a 
reception given by the London 
Chamber of Commerce and 
Industry at Guildhall on Thurs- 
day evening to welcome Por- 
tugal and Spain into the 
European Community. 


vCStS?* wSam* to G. 

S8SS?aaSS?« _ 



Officer and Anaesthetic 
Specialist with the First 
Reserve South African In- 

Returning to Barts in 19 19 
be was apoimed Assistant 
Administrator of 

Anaesthetics there and at the 
early age of 28 became 
Administrator ' . of 

Anaesthetics, a post he was to 
hold until his retirement 
From 1928 . onwards he 
collected anaesthetic lit- 
erature from all over the 

Hewer was a groat teacher 
and countless students and 
doctors who sat at his feet 
and are now. scattered 
Army throughout the work!, recall 
as Medical with gratitude the safe, sound 
and ample methods he 

Yet in spite of his inter- 
national reputation and the 
distinguished position he 
held, he renamed a sbv, 
quiet, modest and gentle 


He was Htatiy concerned 
with the safety of his patients 
during anaesthesia and be felt 
Strongly that, to use his own 
words, "the ability of the 
individual anaesthetist is 
more important than the new 



S HC lMOQioraa 

nu oamtrt la G. Wbm to tbr 

Ttwror Deoa n: 
gTowan): E 3, Wafcntota* to o ( 

O wtac afcaB wtakn be 1 

world and wrote extensively, introductions of drugs or 
particularly about his own techniques”, 
involvement in. the early His main hobby was 
pioneering days of thoracic motoring and he had a series 
anaesthesia- of personalised and specially 

Afier discussion with Sir 'hotted up' cars, one of which 
Heneage Ogilvie the first he was sull driving at the age 

was I 

tn G ■ 

nua eOroron u X When to Bar M 
Ecana Aw Marta (P-raodTj 
Btatttd at Soofewulc S E. | 
■ervtcc (Tornktcai I ttng et a nJ 

CBcrtadtvr. me ffcrv. David 

loSS^tS. 7 |S&ifa 

wooer*. -»l— for four vntemm (Si 

(bleMtnv Of OBKDM).10.12-l&j6 LM: ■ 

hm * og— 

(EtOMkVKr nev -LPJ 

volume of the celebrated 
Recent Advances in Anaesthe- 
sia and Analgesia was pub- 
lished in 1932 with Hewer as 
editor. He was to remain in 
the chair for the nexl fifty 
years, a stint which must 

of 88. 

He maried, in 1925, Doris 
Phoebe, daughter of H. 
D'Arcy Champney, who died 
in 1978. He leaves a danghter 
and two sons, one of whom is 
a consultant neurologist. 


Mr Donald Keith Ratter. QC, 
to be Attorney General of the 
Dncfay and Attorney and Ser- 
jeant within ibe County Pala- 
tine of Lancaster, in succession 
to Mr Justice Knox. 

Mr Clifford Svam to be He 
Majesty's Chief Inspector of 

Professor Alan Peacock to be 
Chairman of the Scottish Arts 

Mr Mathew Prichard to be 
Chairman of the Welsh Arts 
Dr Gareth TnckweU to be 
resident director for the Doro- 
thy Kerin Trust at 
Tunbridge Wells. 


Professor Kenneth Scott As Dean of Science and 
Dodgson, Professor of Bio- also os Deputy Principal be 
chemistry at University Col- fostered the development of 
lege. Cardiff died on January tbe -Sdence Department in 
9, aged 63. He was an the university, and played a 
eminent enzymologist with crucial role in negotiations 
an international reputation^ leading ■ to the merger of 
and was chairman of the University College, Cardiff 
Biochemical Society. with the University of Wales 

After education at Institute of Science and 
Oitheroe Grammar School Technology. 

and Liverpool University, he 
became in 1949 a lecturer in 
physiology at the Welsh 
National School of Medicine. 
He vigorously promoted and 
was largely responsible for 
the formation of a separate 
department of biochemistry, 
eventually with himself in the 
chair from 1963. 

He made the study of 

He devoted mudi of his 
energy to the furtherance of 
biochemistry in Britain as 
secretary, then chairman of 
the Biochemical Society. . 

. Dodgson was a man of 
enthusiasm who lifted others 
when spirits were low. He 
was a gifted games player he 

metabolism of suiphated developed into a left-handed 
compound his speciality, and batsman and bowler, playing 
-..ui.-i.~i — -via foe hig university, Lancashire 

University news 

Elected into fellowship in cteg 
IV for three years from 
October !:N GreevesJBA, of| 
Jesus Coflear. SR Milstem, 
BMus. MPniL of CbuxchiO 
College; SJC Taylor, BA, of| 

Qwtettto a feoowsttp under Wt» » 

and appointed a lecturer in engineer - 

ia76 a, Tr UE r 

(Oxford), head of Die Enolisfi 

Hssfi^ c se , ?&Tsa 

Univ ersity of Karabury: Trinity Co) 
John's CoDeotx MT re a e aru i in 

published more than 200 
papers on this subject For 
many years he was an annual 
visiting professor at Georgia 

2nds and St Fagans. As a 
footballer be played as an 
a mat e ur for Accrington Stan- 


Science report 

Clue to how alcohol attacks body 

Print, j.jpt. 
e J**S*H" i, 




IVf recently adverti s ed for items for inclu-Kn, in our *ale* ot Fine Wine*, 
many people replied; and a* a reMilt many are now happily 
better off 

There are very Rood reason* for (dling your twine? al Phillips a fast 
valuation teortce for murancr. probate and sale, free col lection iba«ed 
on viable quantities i. free *tora£e poor to auction from rare -Ityde bottle* 
lo entire cellar? one of the lowest ven do r- coir’n’i-ant in the UK 
and the ab-cncr of a buyvni premium 
We are curcenllv ac c ept i ng item- tor inciie-ion in our Fine Sale 
of 18- March as. well a*, ether vale's lo he h»H later Ihfc. vear Should 
you have Clashed GnowHi Clare). Domjinc-BottleJ Burjomdv 

VinldMe Port and Champo|tnc Rhone- Hocfcs and Motelle- 
othcr Fine IViner and wine related artefact* thal you wi-h to -ell 
pleave contact the Head of our Wine Department Robert Churchward 
on 054 4o rM or Michael Wck.h at the addres- b el ow 
Phillips Oxford. 30 pjrfe End Sheet Oxford. OXI HD. Tel- O»o? 723524 

rt7rrn t*ic U'tthJ Ktitfifimi X frmhrr* i*f the ^ ieSy flf’Ftfr A* A*«th*nerr% 

Scientists know how alcohol 
damages the liver but they 
have yet to discover how 
drink attacks other 
organs^neb as the heart, 
pancreas or brain, which 
deteriorate through alcohol 
abase. An explanation could 
soon emerge from the work 
by researchers at Washington 
University Schdol of Medi- 

Dr Elizabeth Laposata and 
Dr Louis Lange found that 
heavy drinkers show ab- 
normally high levels of 
particaiar chemicals in or- 
gans besides the liver, and 
that these might provide a 
doe as to how alcohol 
damages them. 

Alcohol itself is not the 
prime cause of damage. More 
dangerous are the chemical 
by-prod acts formed as the 
alcohol is broken down by the 
body's metabolism. 

In the liver, alcohol is 
degraded to acetaldehyde, 
which Is be lived to contribute 
to alcQfaoI-mdaoed damage to 
the liver. 

Attempts to find bow other 
organs are damaged have 

By Andrew CogUan 

been hampered by two things. 
One is that the fiver is the 
rally organ capable of malting 
acetaldehyde by oxidation. 
The other is that liver- 
produced acetaldehyde has 
not been shown by laboratory 
experiment to injme directly 
those organs which them- 
selves are arable to make it. 

The research at Wash- 
ington indicates that chemi- 
cals called fatty add ethyl 
esters may be partly to Mame 
for damage to organs other 
than the liver. “Oar findings 
suggest that fatty add ethyl 
esters are formed during and 
shortly after ethanol (alcohol) 
ingestion in significant 
quantities in the pancreas, 
liver, heart and brain, and 
that they persist for pro- 
longed periods in adipose 
tissue (brown Cat)," research- 
ers report in the latest issue 
of Science. 

In tests on 175 organs 
sampled from randomly se- 
lected subjects, they found 
that the distribution of these 
chemicals is related to 
people's drinking habits. 

In acutely intoxicated sub- 

jects, the esters reached 
abnormally high concentra- 
tions in the pancreas, liver, 
heart and adipose tiss 
Chronic alcoholics, accu- 
mulated huh levels of the 
esters in their fatty tissue 

Further, they found that in 
all drinkers. Mood alcohol 
concentration was directly 
related to ester conce n tration. 

Si gnificant ly , these chemi- 
cals were not found in organs 
such as the thyroid and 
kidney, organs which are not 
thought to be damaged by 
alcohol abase. 

Though a conclusive link 
between the presence of the 
esters and the risk of alcohol- 
induced damage appears to 
have been established, the 
scientists have yet to deter- 
mine the role they play in 
organ attack. 

“Fatty add ethyl esters, as 
well as acetaldehyde or as yet 
unidentified chemical agents, 
may serve as a link between 
alcohol intake and develop- 
ment of alcohol Induced 
disease,” they coudnde. 
Sonrcer Science, January 
31.1986. VoL 231- 

Sir Leonard Patoii, 
CBE.MC, who died on Janu- 
ary 18 at foe age of 93, had 
spent all his working and 
active life with tbe great firm 
of Harrisons and Oosfield, 
the Anglo-Far Eastern mer- 
chants and shippers, - and 
from 1957 to 1962 was its 

He had a great knowledge 
of robber cultivation and 
marketing especially, and 
through his major company 
had helped to control the 
activities in Britain of many 

in 1914, and was afterwards 
for a while at Christ Church, 
Oxford, as an Exhibitioner. 

He joined the army in 1914 
with The Cameronians, 
becoming captain, winning 
the MC and being mentioned 
in despatches for his service 
in Europe. 

He joined Harrisons and 
Crosfield in 1919. He was 
appointed a director in 1944 
and had been vice-chairman 
for four years when, on the 
rctiftanent of Sir Eric Miller 

of the big plantation-owning ® chairman Pa ton stepped 
concerns for nearly forty “ft® “S shoes. 


Leonard Cecil Paion .was 
born at Dunfermline, Fife, in 
1892, the fourth son of John 
Paton, a schoolmaster, and 
was educated at George 
Watson's College, before go- 
ing on to Edinburgh Univer- 
sity where be graduated with 
first class honours in classics 

He was Plywood Controller 
ambd Deputy Timber 
Controller practically 
throughout the Second World 
War and from 1951 was a 
member of the Dollar Ex- 
ports Council. 

tn 5f "3 s created CBE in 
1944 and was knighted two 
years later. 


Mrs Brigitte SdiiJfcr, a the next quarter of a century 
music erme who did much to she reported on British muS- 

cal bfo particularly on new 
world informed of what was — ~~ c — — ■ 7 ■ 

happening in this country 
during a crucial period of 

mu$ic,for various journals 

creative musical growth,, 
died in London on January 
21 . 

and newspapers in Germany, 
notably for the influential 
musical monthly Melos. 

She was assiduous in her 

.She wasborn on July 14, wntempSL^mS^usSf 
1909, m Berlin and studied and amusme in w TT 
there at the Hochscfaule fur spouses. S^L neroU! ?^| J*! 
Musik and at the university, Senen>us ,n her 

Paul Hindemith counting She possiblv heard „<■ 
among her teachers. what of 

In 1938 she left Germany dofog * 

for Egypt, where she had 
spent her childhood, and in she 

I960 settled in Unrdon. For among'Zh gr SS«tSR 


W^MC fomer .SHE 2£T2££* c °- 

of the Wade pottery {SjSTt u 


Gun Corps and was awarded tT^itin E r ^„tf d rt wnUT ^ 2 

lh£ MG ^ ^ he wa, SVThoS 



tf H*" 

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rtf a* 


>-: later 




February 1-7,1986 


A weekly guide 
to leisure, entertainment 
ana the arts 



Flat out for the big screen battle 



$m- *c 

Sixty years after Logie Baird unveiled 
_his ‘televisor*, today’s scientists are 

racing to be first with tomorrow’s home 
entertainment - flat-screen, high quality 

^television that will make an evening’s 
viewing feel like going to the movire 


j- . .. 


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or. •:***•• 

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la the not-too-distant future 
' Mr and Mrs Typical will sit 
down with their two-and-a- 
"bit children to xvatch 
•episode of the latest 
spin-off The Colbys of 
\ Coronation Street' They wifi 
.be keen to maintain their 
‘. viewing time at the national 
-average * of 21 hours per 
^person per week. And they 
iwill also be determined to get 

* value- for money from the 
•I Supplementary Licence Fee 

they pay to receive High 
"Definition ..-Television. - 
f. "For the Typicals’ set has a 
-Screen with a diagonal 
^meastnemenl of 50 inches. It 
jHoeks like a cinema because it 
■TS wider than it is high. It is 
f only four inches thick so it 
simply hangs on the walL 
■’The picture is superb thanks 
fto thfe 1250-tine format And 

- the sound is as good as that 
achieved by compact dischi- 

'-’fi- This may all be bad news 
, for the star of the soap. Joan 

- Collins. who might by that 
-.time be expected to be 
' showing signs of age. But for 
^ the . Typicals and their dog, 

5 Terry, it is just dandy. 

* Almost all the technology 
' which will make this scene 
'‘possible is ready. Everybody 

agrees it is the only way for 
-' television to go. But getting 

* there - is proving hard going. - 
' The movement to fiat 
-•screen, high definition tele- 

^ vision is the latest technical 
revolution which will trans- 
■' form sets in the home. On 
-January 28, 1926, The Times 
r reported John Logie Baird’s 
'-'‘Successful experiment in 
r Frith Street, Soho. 'Ten years 
later British television - was • 
established, with a 405rhne i . 
standard. This continued tin- . . 
til 1985 when it was feh safe 
“to assume that alMheold sets - 
? had finally brskiSft down-.- By ■- 
'-then the hew 625-Bne stan- 
~ r dard had • improved ^picture - 
-quality and colour had ap- — 
'"peered. Now cable, satellite, - 
_■ teletext- -and -stem ^are -all 
‘’either available or imminent. 

*•' But conventional television 
^ technology has reached die 
end of the line; Something 
.like 98 per cent of the 
'■population has a set and only 
'•'buying second ones or trad- 
ing up to teletext or stereo 
^'machines is providing manu- 
facturers with any growth at 
4 all. Furthermore, 625-line 
■ c colour existing transmission 
^ systems is as good- as it will 
'■ever be. And that means it is 
’’■still far short of- cinema 
" quality. The next step has to 
5 : be ■ radically new hardware 
which -will match the movies’ 

* realism in your front room. 
f“ Making the next step 

requires two developments - 
the production of a wide, flat 
screen and the creation of 
new transmission systems. 
The first is possible, but is 
still fraught with technologi- 
cal problems. The second is 
possible; but is causing politi- 
cal nightmares. 

The -television tube has 
remained largely unchanged 
throughout broad casting his- 
tory. electrons are fired from 
a gun and deflected by 
magnets on to the screen. 
They have to travel a certain 
distance and they need to hit 
a curved screen. So we are 

Everyone will 
have to buy 
new TV sets 

stuck with a clumsy box with 
an ugly projection jutting out 
of the back and a distorted, 
curved image which breaks 
up on dose examination and 
which flickers irritatingly 
when seen from the corner of 
the eye. In disguising this 
somewhat .primitive machine 
the Japanese have- come np 
with a sharp, hi-tech look. 
But the British public still 

- loves the strip qr teak that 
pretends the- beast ip really a 
piece of slimline furniture. 
Jiist producing a bigger 
screen with existing technol- 
.ogy simply means a bigger, 
clumsier beast 

the solution is to find new 
. .ways of getting tbe picture on 
the screen. 

. . Daphne Lamport, a mod- 
est boffin at Philips, is 
'working'. Von.. . bending the . 
electrons fired from the gun . 
so that the screen needs only 

- a. tiny fraction of fts.piesent 
depth. ’ Sir Clive Sinclairis 
pocket tetevision. : used- : this 
-method. -But : it was only 
successful ‘as u gimmick. The 
real future for television is 
with bigger, • not smaller, 
screens as it is entertainment, 
not information, that people 
use; h for. 

Ms Lamport's system is 
much more sophisticated and 
it can be.transferred to a large 
screen. And it works- though 
so far only . in black and 
white; Experiments with col- 
our have been dime only on a 
two-inch tube - but she 
dismisses any-suggesfion that 
Philips will not get there in 
the end. 

And die knows there are 
many other routes. A liquid 
crystal screen, regarded as tbe 
best bet by Thorn-EML uses 
the technology of calculator 









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Wall to waD Dynasty: How Mr and Mrs Typical may see Krystle and Blake in the sitting-room of the future 

displays. Small colour screens 
are on the market already. 
The Matsushita tube uses 
thousands of small cathode- 
ray tubes. Meanwhile there 
are other weird and wonder- 
ful technologies - such as gas 
plasmas - which could turn 
all the other . routes into cul- 
de^sacs. 1 

But there is no jpoini 
increasing tbe sire of the 
screen if it has to receive 
existing transmissions. Blow- 
ing, up Monday night’s 
Wogan would just make it 
look worse. The signal for the 
new screens has to be high 
definition. This wifi double 
the number of lines and be in 
a wide cineitMHStyle formal - 
everybody agrees that this is 
the most restful shape to 
watch as it matches our 
natural visual field. 

High definition television 
transmission is well ahead of 
the new screen technology. 
This means that, when it 
becomes available, everyone 
will have to buy new tele- 
vision sets. Those with old 
ones will see pictures with 
sides cut off; so during the 
changeover, programme mak- 
ers will have to ensure that 
most of the action takes place 
in the middle of the screen. 
On the plus side 
Cinemascope feature films 
will not have to be stretched, 
shrunk or cropped to fit as 
they have to be at the 

But behind the develop- 
ment of high definition 
standards there is a commer- 
cial and political jungle. The 
central fart to bear in mind is 

that there are two worlds - a 
60Hz world and a 50Hz 
world. The United States and 
Japan are the 60s 
everybody else is the 
With the American system 
the entire picture is chang e d 
30 times a second: for the 
rest of the world it is changed 
25 times. ^ 

Conversion between the 
two systems is fairly easy 
with existing technology. 
With ~ high definition tele- 
vision tbe problem becomes 
serious^ So everybody thinks 
world compatibility is a good 

It is not, however, likely to 
happen. For a start the 
Japanese have -adopted a 
rather siartingly uncoop- 
erative approach by coming 
up with a system so breath- 
takingly incompatible that it 
makes Elizabeth Taylor look 
monogamous. They think we 
should leap to high definition 
television in one staggeringly 
expensive bound. They have 
invented a transmission code 
called MUSE which over- 
night, would render present 
equipment obsolete. They 

have won the support of the 
United States, follow 60 
Hzers, who think it is the 
best way of stopping a mass 
of incompatible : standards 
spring up- across the globe. 

But Europe hates the whole 
idea. Our companies say the 
Japanese want a revolution 
when what is needed is 

This will be 
third age 

evolution. So the European 
boffins have come up with 
MAC which is designed to be 
entirely compatible with 
existing equipment and will 
provide an improved 625- 
line picture the moment your 
set is fitted with a small black 
box on the back. After that 
the European code can be 
steadily upgraded eventually 
to produce high definition 
television said to be as good 
as anything demonstrated by 
the Japanese. 

Logic B afrd: Th e 
Tiroes reports 
’ bis triumph 



Members ol the Royal Institution and other 
viators to a laboratory in an upper room in 
Rdtb-stroet, Sabo, on Tuesday saw a detnon- 
ol apparatus invented by lit J. L 
Baird, who chunw to have solved the problem 
Ol tdevbuon. They w*ro eboirn a trana- 
machine, consisting of a large wooden 
revolving disc cont ainin g lenses, behind wliicb 

rhniiriwi—Mbiilit ~ro ~» t j 

Richard Jackson, a Phillips 
scientist, believes in MAC 
the way some people believe 
in life after death But there 
are splits in the European 
ranks loo. Phil Laven at BBC 
engineering thinks a 
wordwide 60Hz standard 
would be entirely feasible and 
he seems to have more 
technological faith in the 
Japanese system. 

Either way, of course, we 
are going to get a better 
picture. The irony is that for 
most people in Britain, the 
issue is, for the time being, 
academic. High definition 
television can be received 
only from satellites or cable 
and, unlike Germany and 
France, we have no plans to 
launch a satellite and very 
few people are on cable. 

From the end of this year 
people in the south will be 
able to receive MAC trans- 
missions from the French 
satellite - providing they buy 
a converter and a receiving 
dish or are attached to a 
cable network. But, for the 
Typicals, it is a question of 
waiting until the Government 
decides it wants a satellite. 

Bui worldwide it looks like 
a stand-off. The Japanese 
could still win but the 
Europeans are slalwartly 
refusing to believe that every 
piece of equipment has to be 
thrown out. More pointedly 
they argue that the Third 
World is the real growth area 
for television sales - and they 
are on the European fre- 

This leaves one final, huge 
technological barrier. There is 

no way of convening MUSE 
to MAC and back. If high 
definition television comes in 
standards you can say good- 
bye to Cagney and Lacey. It 
will, everybody says,’ be 
overcome but it remains 
another question mark over 
tbe Typicals’ golden future. 
And do not attempt to derive 
cheer from the thought that 
incompatibility could kid 
Japanese penetration of the 
European market for tele- 
visions and videos. They are 
perfectly capable of produc- 
ing MAC and MUSE equip- 
ment side by side. 

All that said, there is no 
question that we are nearly 
there. The Typicals are a 
heartbeat and a 0.6-metre 
receiving dish away from 
viewing bfiss. This will be 
television's third age. Its first 
was when it sat in a comer, 
modestly disguised in a teak 
cabinet and when watching it 
still had the air of an 
occasion. Its second was 
when it was first perceived 
that it was the medium, not 
its content that was the 
message and when many. 

sensed that the cabinet in the 
comer - now wrapped only in 
a token strip of teak - was the 
enemy. The third is when 
television wins; ft becomes 
the environment 

Bryan Appleyard 

- r 

©Times Newspapers Limited. 1986. 


Out of Minder 
Geoige Cole on 
stage — pi 6 


Arfs Diary 








Films on TV 

Galleries 16 

Open 16 

Photography 16 
Radio 15 

Review IS 

Rock and Jazz 16 
Shopping 14 

Television IS 
Theatre lb 

Tnvel 13 

Bigger, brighter and with us now 

While scientists are 
perately searching for the 
secret of the giant flat-screen 
cekfoin, super-sized tele- 
visions with a diagonal screen 
size of ap to 46 inches are on 
die market 

These l a rg c -scrce a colour 
TVs use back projection 
which prodnees a much better 
qnality picture than those 
front, prelection systems sees 
in -some pobs or dubs. The 
feitik projection TV has aflat 
screen producing a bright 
picture which can be viewed 
in normal room lighting. - 

-For the TV addict who 
wants a huge screen to crude 
the effect af a small cinema, 
five models are now available. 
Bat they are not cheap - 
prices vary from £1,500 to 
£2380, and they are bulky 
and heavy - about 2ft deep 
and weighing 11 stone or 

AB fire cut produce stereo 
sound (if, for instance, yoo 
play a stereo video tape) and 
they all cone with an infra- 
red remote control key pad, 
some of which can control a 
video recorder. 

With most models you can 
.sit np to 60 degrees to the left 
or right of centre and still get 

a .fcsigfefc, sharp picture. 

The Mftsnhfehi VS-36 has 
a 36-tnch screen (diagonal 
measurement), can remember 
15 pre-set channel settings 
and kgs: two fiye-watt speak- 
ers. It costs £1,499. 

The Mitsubishi VS-451 i$ 

20 inch 



television sei 

40 inch 

Large screen 
. back-projection. 

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a 45-inch model which also 
has a 15 pre-set channel 
memory, two seven-watt 
speakers and an infra-red 
remote controller. It measures 
49 by 45 by 37 inches, weighs 
264ib and costs £2,200. 

Tbe NEC PJ-40 has a 40- 
inch screen and two 10-watt 
speakers. The screen is a 
monitor only, but comes with 
a separate timer which fits 
into the cabinet and is 
indnded in the price of 
£1.610. The toner has 12 pre- 
set channels. 

The Panasonic TC-4000G 
has a 40-inch screen, a 20 
channel pre-set memory and 
two sets of stereo speakers of 
11 watts per channel, pins a 
31 -function remote control 
that will also control a VCR. 
It costs £2300. 

The Sanyo CVP-9111T has 
a 46-inch screen - the largest 
of them all, two 1 0-watt 
stereo speakers and a 25- 
function remote control for a 
VCR. It measures 66 by 42 
by 27 inches, weighs 2151b 
and costs £2,499. 

For further information 
contact tbe manufacturers Or 
their agents for the name and 
address of your nearest 
dealer. Mitsubishi Electrical 
UK Ltd (0923 770000); NEC: 
J. H. Roche and Co Ltd (021 
354 2393); Panasonic UK Ltd 
(0753 34522); Sanyo 

Marubeni Uk Ltd (0923 

Alan Shriver 

The Royal Ballet 

“toe music fty 
Vangeiis is 

Emanuels deserve 
strait sixes for 



FtVHivnsi^llKMv&TnPHWitow Jonathon Cttprj* IfcCuuniri'w* TktPuxJn 




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■■■> Barbican Centre,- Silk St, EC2Y 60S 
•Wl>;Ql-638 8891/628 8795:,- ; r-'Y. 

Telephone Bookings: lOam-SprrV 7 days a "week; 

Owned: la*O*d»rcrT>»n)^t' 0 br (nc-CC'DOcadon o' ihrC.I-. ol London 

Seal ww Si a«J°*g at we g pomp to mm 


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CHORUS. Richard Hlckoir .conductor! 


Fnti i 

745 pm .baiS-tW/'i jnei Bgar: Tin? Omam of C 
l IQ SO CSSO trffi CS W 50 C3 50 

ne^-Honui Arthur Dj v h W I tenor) John 3 


« 2B5_ 


Tamar 8 JXH-UOZART-HAYDN. London Chamber OrcWtoL Richard 
Sun snidti<wecwr.»io*i'i John WMHMe urumoan Jack Brymar 
Fee 2 rcanoef i Seen Bbina«*urg Concerto No 4 m G. No i m D 
7 . 30 pm Mozart CLvmc Concerto in A Ene klma NacMnnoA Haydn: 
Trumcet Concerto “* E hit 

I-i iB 17 Qj E 5 

Men CITY OF LONDON CHOIR. London Bach On lMii . 

Feb 3 Donald Caehmore i conductor i Lnl w Bwmi isopranqi 
7 J 0 pm Catherine Wyn-Rogara icomralroi WBbaro Kendall uenon 
Mark WUdmanitniSli Handel: Masson 

C. 7 S 0 £550 £5 50 CJ 50 C 350 

Feb 4 rarwucwn Anna Joseph iwowi i Weber: Owning Obeion* 
7 . 45 pm Dnbuasy: Cia-r <» iu"e Mondabsohn: Vrokn C-oncenc m E> Bealheven: Svmononv No B n f PasKxal' 

C 9 50 C .8 3 u C 75 PC 6 C 5 v-cror HxntiataZB' 

wed BRAHMS AT THE BARBICAN. BBC Symphony Orchestra. 

Feb 5 Sr John Pritchard, undue nr i Brahnuc Svmonony No i fti 
7 . 45 pm C rronpr. Symphony No 2 in D 

CIO £? C 4 CJ . Btiasn Bm&fzssonQ Oxoanscpn 

Soetaal SutecnfiWgg ataiiagm CIS. CIO 50 LB 

BBC SiNGStS. St Gitas Church Crtpptegste. Enc Ericaon 


I JR® 

7-30 pn 

Ou*w in E iftivv Oo 81 Sdufcnt Ouvrf.n Dmn> pro (Mam 
aHAH Ma i £4 SO. 058 <250 £2 Wmmon. mmx Comets 

mwEnc S 5 r 

WUCHT RAZBZET «u« trio „ 

Saak CunNeatnm «t» at <yroa. Mas Mii.w i -vkm: 

n iamaa . c uniw p m i 

AJErranor TnoatmBmAinnar.BiMPiifeSQimiiEniriai 
py O rf eapiu Paw n*, p £4 C 3 g 

MMOMBUU. guur 
Wane: SuArteo Suit) IW Ma i n Pa Ian Lamp. Fmd 
I M i t a t Romance 4 a« va*co Maw Two C 

(conductor! Peter Hurtord . »ui i Bretons: Two Motors. Op 
Motets. Oo 110 Fest-utw 


Feb 6 ... 

7 . 45 pm 29 Two Motets. Op W. Three . 

Oedankspnaenv'. Op ' 09 . CnoraM Prefeoes. Op »22 

ALL SEATS C CM iiainumbereal 

Thors CLEVELAND ORCHESTRA. Chriatoph von Dohnanyl 
Feft 6 imusKiPreclori John Mack icboej UendatseahK 

7 J 0 pm Syncmony No j m A - iw*an Mozart. Ctooe Concern m D 
KJia Tchaikovsky: Symphonv No 6 in H nmr 
Paitieiow cao.ClB Ctt ca m 

Fob 7 

7 . 45 pm 

BRAHMS AT THE BARBICAN. BBC Symphony Orchestra. 
Sir John P i i BJ ia i a'COnouaori Brahms: Symphony Nc 3 m 
F Svnwhpey No 4 m E mnor CIO. C 7 . 


l Orchaaba- Graham Nash 

Sat ... 

Fab 8 icona i Joanna Gruenbern ipranoi RooBftifcOv 'The Theawig 
745 pm Magpie' Vaughan WBbamK Fan lasts on -Greenaleeves' Grtag: 

Piano Concono m a mnor RtmsKy-Kormakov: Shahetaracle. 
£9 50 CB 50 £750 C 6 . C 5 Ifanr Hoctiftaaaer 

Feb 9 

THE SNOWMAN. Repeal pen by puMc demand SMontaoi 
London. Howard Blake i com i Mn Lavender inarn 

3 . 00 pm Pad Mil e s King st on ibov sooi sn^ngWalkng in ihe Aa prog 
also me Blokes Overture on Nufaery Rhymes, ana 
Remarkable Rocket 

AOUB La 50 CWcren under ig £4 50 Raymond GuobaytfQ 

Sim LONDON SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA. Gennadi Rozhdestvensky 
Feb 9 i Ctma I Kazune Shimizu i piano iPmkoflSVTUeuterwM Kne Sure 
7 . 30 pm Rachm ani nov: Piano Concerto No 2 m C mnor Prokofiev: 
Erwralstrom Romeo a "0 Julrei Sbuiuaky: Faebuo Suna 
£ >0 50 . CB 50 £ 750 . CB EJ 50 £3 50 

Spona n, NtMgn UK umOM 

Feb 10 iLondon ccnoucnnc cuom ana sola piano) Webern: Five 
7 . 45 pm mcrameniB tor Stnrig 0 «cneana. Op S Deetho ren: Pano 
Ccncaito No 2 in B nai Mozart: Mascnc Funeral Musk 
h 477 Symphony NO 4 {i<i G mmor K 550 
£ 750 . £6 50 C 5 SO E 4 50 £J 50 

Feb it icond i Stephan Hough ipianpi Mendetaaohn: Ov -The 
7 . 45 pm Hoonoea | RngaTs'^avei Schubert: Symphony No B 

Unfinished' D o o thone a i: Piano C 9 >certo No. 5 Emperor 
Mozart: Sympnom No 41 

C 9 S 0 tB.SO C 750 .CB £5 Raymond Gubbay Lot 

Feb t 2 iconaiEugeneFodoriviohni Dvotak: Carnival Ov Mozart: 
745 pm V«m Concern No Sm a. K?t 9 Richard Nanea:Rria(»o<ty tor 
Viokn and Oncn Dvorak: Svmpnonv No 8 m G rrtinor 

£8 50 £7 £ 6 . £5 CJ £3 Mnn rngnom intamabonal Artgg ug 

Thur* LONDON SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA. Gemudi Rozhdestvensky 
Feb 13 iconauciwi Henryk Szeryng imoiini Slbaflua- Pskeaa « 

745 pm Me* sand* - modernal Music Viokn Concerto n D mmoi 

Symphcny No 5 m E Pat £1050 £9 SO. £750 £$ £4 50 .C 3 S 0 
S/x>ra Qy Nihon UK hrtirred 


Feb M Mchotas Claobury i cond i Craig Sheopard (puna) 

745 pm Rachmanmov: Piano Concsno No 2 Bizet: Carmen Sure 
Ravel: Bourn A Rose 'or every lady member at the audience 

C 10 .SQ. CflSO CBS 0 .C 7 . C 6 Raymond Sunday iirt 

Mon Derek Stock Presents 

3 pm & Matinee 9 «ai prices Children £3 50 AOulta £4 

7 . 30 pm Evenniq Seal pnees £6 50 . £5 50 £4 50 


msic Diiiao*:.; CHRISTOPH \0N DOHNANYl 

WED 5 ‘ FEB 7.3.0 pm THURS 6 EEB 7.30pm 



1 Fab 

7 JO pan 

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.IMpmli Sranoia Sonm* *■ AOD HM 

£J » pa £238 £2 ucrmjn UcCarm Wunmoai am* uo 

Tuead at 

7 JO pm 


Fmra Maw. '"osjob nraocm ponAMe* imiMt Raoo«- 
MbamefR Foncaaa a R 1 <8 Lon pwh. BelkWrt Nano Tno m a to- 

DM5 CASH £350 EJO 12 Oanra 


7 JO ton 

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Into. Mumpau and MormWgto C—dtot FoR Sanga jrrannBO ov 

■ifxinsotoSD, Aram? Pun &A. vwwn twmoi 


S Feb 

730pm ‘ 

HAMISH MILNE SOTO Scfuna iw MtoaOrZ Swa^F »n> 
rano Op 11 TchAtoaWy: Mstolraur Oa?3 MoS Dialogue On 73 
N0~ Vale ae mum OoSi No 1 . Medew Menmiuai 0039 Ho 1 
6onaa in G nvnee Oo23 tS T4 a £? Jane G>ov 



7 JO pm 

PAVB RD8LOU pedal WKim 

Munc by ErauaiRR. IIW IV JS OechL kkdhf. Lflbecte 

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130 pm 

OBfun DAWtSS mm QtafAVda^Herfoawa 

MR*» WALKER hand oiograwe nknea *onn» by Beettween 

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7 JO pm 

DASkO PETRI ttiAA jutar double DBM IETYAN BOAtES gwler 
OOftAN LJSTES JMRr Handet Sorwm. Mmtf: Sonam: Koflridc The 
Dew of Coora I tot nan >. CODmnt: Tm Oi is. OemM: uwe S>M 
No* (IN Lon part.) Rernfe Mtane DmH: Tlege SUtomc Oaneck 
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7 JO pm 


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7 JO pm 


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Admission Free 

NWCHOTOfc Md.SFob. tOUJOem-IZOOnn* 240 pnM.OOpai 

Qiznada tMenMun 
Onay Street. Manefiaalar M 3 

WML a Feb 1 OJd-n-i 2 J 0 pm a 3 . 00 pev 4 40 pm 

Concert KaC 
UntvenRy afGMagmr 
BHUUWHAM: Set. 22 Fed ID. 

Ubniy Leona* Theatre 
Peratkae CPcoe. BkiMn^iam B 3 
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UMverstty CoBege Music HMI 
rbaa Road. Cardiff CFi 

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InMiVUir far iMi' JT«hcxn 'P*! 

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Conductor. TAMAS VASARY 

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Introduced and L-ondikird bv BERNARD KEEFFE 

SY«<iOi*sc Senate Beocvdeer unex-EC <e s 48 tut 


Attwm Saiawd Fan 
Oirtner “ Fiwun" 

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Kariu Manila wiprano 
Alfrcda HodgMjn nuv/n-’aiprjnti 
Siegfried JcrusaJcra tennr 
Robert Lloyd hj« 

Cleveland (Frvhrvlra fhnru» 


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01 b.t 8 8 N 4 l Ul 028 8-09 



Sunday 23 February 7.30pm 


SHOSTAKOVICH....' Violin ConcenoNo l in A minor 
MAHLER Symphony No 1 in D minor 

Sponsored by Peter Stuvvesant Foundation 

Sunday 2 March 7.30pm 


ROSSINI Overture 'Semiram ide* 

MOZART..... Piano Concerto No 26 in a K537 

BEETHOVEN Symphony No 6 in F ‘Pastoral" 

JORGE RUBIO conductor 

, Seal Pnces £ 10.50. £8.50. £7.50. £6. £430. £3.50 

Bo y onice Tel: 10-8 every day Inc. Sun 01-038 889|< 62X XTQ? 

Sunday 16 February 3.15pm Barbican Hall 


BRITTEN Our Hunting Fathers 

ELGAR Symphony No 2 in E flat 


EDWARD DOWNES conductor 

i" H. 17 th. 1 J. £4 Boi OITm OI 4 tJh 8M>I hit >TV« 

TONIGHT 8i» pm 


Celebrity Piano Rental 


.1 r t* !-«■ ( I X (4 (1 x | 

% 1 'tt HOWARD 5 MELLE 1 PFtbrxniUXin , 

Wednesday $ February 8.00 pro 



BttTHOVEN Ihrowt Loooun Nu ' 

BfeETWIVLN IWleirna Vile t iln Liaprnic 
BEkTHOVEM "qkim Nae n K IVud 
. > tl.i* 4hi" Mu^xJftKp A .-nr.< • ii | 

Saturday 8 February IU0 pm 



BOROODiikntim. rnxlpr 
R.\CH'lV\t>(n rm»LXMTK.S) in |r m 
TCHAlkOVSXV kndn. V- I m f mm* 

L ■ ir.." 1 r'r Mi»i 4J lluv 1.111.* , I :* (• X t*r» 

at the BARBICAN 
4 l>Dffl •FURlUVa « pm 
Repeal performance by Public Demand of 
Howard Blakc'4 



IS-v 8— m. IkraO • Owimnkrwi Rhrm.«l 

TtcllimBUk Rockx 

P.U L MILtS IO.Mi.VU 1 > DO» MOano l*> LWtMJER njruui 
uo. Tokkra inn V t »*# 

Tl'ESD « 1 1 FFWJL Ml al 7.41 pm 


M rmt-kmhn OV. ITU- HEBRIDES c F=TNG ALT. UWt 

Sdmbm W.MPHOV 1 \iX» 1 1 NFlMSHtD 

Bmk*™ PU.NOOOyiinuMt.t.h'tPIJMI, 

Mo»i 8YMPH0K1 MMI 



i'll* V* «**» I**’ 



TEDEUM Bruckner 
ORGAN CONCERTO William Mathias 
MASS OF THE SEA Paul Patterson 

josem CUItNfcwm. inn DAVID THOMAS m JOHN SCOTTonv 

t-klLLi.' W t - t »t«lliu Bl-Ol UW i lil_ XT AS ORk 



lefaFaiu Wj4.Flnafll ti . x ii . j. Sfr™ Hi Hnixi riftn 
I jTU Rwz. FMkn. bar>M Zku. I5r i»r Dmobr 

I 8 .M M In ■i i itotupm.FCTmnnfa.inli m i hn MDgFli ifcr —. 

Tkr urn M. IW Lai x xd Tte Meat Vhkx 


t 'W.ilkr.tVW.ikkLtTkli.n kl fl.w«OAPVtl«ine 



“...beguilingly original.r “..a complete triumph." 

wum ofmocAsmL-suMueritLtiatmi 

Sheer enchantment." 


cuvEHHSamam-suNutr express 




SHOKKli\G GURZOSST-R££j::lH:499’JT37 . 

F.I.-n o: TCOpj" met 4 lO?m 0 .? 2 pm' ti*Qo<x 

Scni.v .r £* bcokoclc :n rot Ste 

84CCR1 pe-JOimofice o«Vy’ 

BAMQUFnNG HOUSE. Whbalw J Fri. 14 Fab. Bt»n 




Symphony No 29 K 201 
Piano Concerto K *»4 
A MustcaJ Joke 


by Mozart. Bach. Handel, IMmano 
by Tha Cownt Garden 

Mnuat Company 



Orac ra^ eobt MOMCA HUGGBTT 

D8EBS Ib H n i r ■■ ll » CmJ| l>l»l 
ton Namn — m —m « — 4 Oea .881 
landixxn4J0 TkLOMMaaXE: 

m aid of r>c X 4 XOCT auo musr 

1] n St John's Smith Square 

US. Bach: Toc£*ai In E raw Mcnmt Scrota d 

totopke PhCrwee 0026 NO 1 m C mwor. HcH 

tnjWarfc OnZleiG minor blmtlan The F 

fa5Br^*Yii»Ffaw^nniiiiiiiiii = 


Iggp-aao _ r : 

fTVg SALOUQX ORCHamiA Jotn tlMxx* com WOrtm I 

Batt Plano Concerto W 3 




Sammor Acting 

Oxford Drama 
S Castle Min House 
Juxon Street 
Oxford (0865) 511020 

HEAD OT COURSE with Boon) 
nq School expmeoer rMIutrM 
nmi Summer on wetleatob- 
itvned 4 . week r* tv raw 118 cone 
near Newbury Details from-- 
vatMkmal SiMln Pens’ (Mk 
Tvbrtioms. Nrwbury. Brrka 
s f S srfel omen rr- 
juired on a-week reoomuai 
enurw for Foreign Stunenb 1 1 . 

Uib wnuner Details. ■ 
varjirojud Silklles. Ptoy* Oak 

T >00 harm. Mew bury. Berks 



nenoon- STUDENT preferably 
a oraduale required at once urv 
ul futy vo era wtth generaa 
duues * panes la co-ert boartf- 
ino prep school. Apply 
Heomnasirr. Foremork Han. 
Mlllon. Derby. DE 6 6 EJ. 0263 
70326 * 

Wynrononic ooan OpS E 4 O -ThsSaknnon 

Wiryuxbitwawe* utriVgksiT-r ptAYgna o. mukm aiimn. a. 

W. Co ni co nes ms imam WHO uspemw-nie rii ii w me Fugue 

par Usamas USxsr nehnKmes nxozor Mr ana 4 M Bans (bv 

Lxnpleis pact i (iataa: SwM tor 9 Oarwc Fans unctrB No i 

- - dAPsUBT ■“ 

^ S.h«dVv 

Rap ibPROO o — iira nx p j u i i i wen m iwMdoaep' 

" ' Bam HsaECanssa. Morse derxhniroiaiidn TdranfiUv 
la T he ToatJim. BBC Beasdcssanp Mouse umnnnwi 




A Level Revision 
Pr og r am me 
Easter 1986 


structured to deal with im 
oonani am ot A level work 
and nconrtnanon (echnknie. 
wtaW alto coiennp for imn- 
vMuoi needs. 

Arcommoao'tof! available 
F« luruier dMofis of Oiesr 
and other Courses, contact: 

The Secretory. 
Combndee Seminars. 

4 Hawthorn Way. 
CanwrUpr CBa iaX 
Trlenhone i 0223 > 313484 

Substantial serai ip pood strac 

lum A decorative order: " 

reccps: Me KU diner: uunty rra 

4 6 beds: lux baihrm. weU- 

moroiauxo pdn. ample oft 
.street parking, ouvn . 
£ 290 . 000 . Td 4660606 




UvinQ. duxnp i 

dresine bedroom, noth w c 
kllcnen. large terrare 
panaratnic views. fuBy fur 

mshed. invnedlale lei Tel Wl 

628 68 30 

■UTTWY i large room pled 

Ime ui family house avoHaMe 

one or two females sharing. 

£50 00 per week Inc 01789 

2744 . 

Wfll Uvety prof 25 s a. c dou- 

ble Lovely Use £160 pan. Nr 
now 946 0667 after 7 pm 

ny We reaam Gompuia- 
A gents throughout the UK. 
HkRi EanendvdP a co m nr Is Non 
posts. Full prod an training pro- 
vided For runner derail* writ* 
lo Pamoate Oomnuien. River- 
side House. Warwick R< 
Carlisle. Cumbria- CA 1 288 . 
Tel 10226 ) 46345 




FRIDAT NEXT 7 FE 6 ltLA 8 Tai 741 g 0 


Nicholas Kraemer 

A tmt Veto lax mo 
HA.4DCL r.MtoltXknru 
rautELU UXOTo Unw 
TSUMAKN Impiioan 
V*xr evil* tetoSem-xiex. MUawl LXrd. mioivi 
hs MX «r wr, B«a rwd 




BACH: Sdi Fiendt Suite, B^V‘^16 
BUSONI: Toaaio; Ekpe >ul2 > All ’Iwltt' 
BACH/BUSONL locvata. AJspo & Fugur in C 
LISZT: Sonata n B mmor 

Tore f«. ( *|toidu ril-k> ‘Ml Lf. 




CARMEN 5 ! nH 



•tod a Valrnooc'* Dm IWctorw. UE i nns i Nr of rig i mHhi j 

**'t : (law 


ADCLMI 836 7611 
Of 340 7913 4 
CC 741 9999 556 
7368 379 64 » 

CJro Sales 930 6123 
un 340 7200 2 * Hr 7 Days 






ran J 0 ||fl* 

Dtrerled b> Mike Ockrrnl 
Nighilt al 7 30 Mata Wed at 2 30 
A Sal 4 30 A 8.00 



The Royal Ballet 

"tha nmic by 







SATURDAY tv rtJBRV ARY a 740 pm 


. i|n ttfo IW 86a Rama Urm L fxr.v, 

vrire, I N ■ W.Bduor llntopr It - 7 *^ 

n™ ww I- VtHNIrr. UbirXkfa 
t' f.vv:**' !*« 1**1 
In too, ito dfl..- 







i .aliki-, |AMES|!DD JOANNA YLYUuRtfXXt , 

yAn.RD.VY I WARCH rnipi 


atone CC Ol 437 1692 
rirvi C 4 U 24 Hr 
7 Day CC 240 7200 

X —IN y of Wont U 
Ttotor e Award U 


OY Deneve Qnpn 

Directed n» David Obnore 
Evev 8 O Mots Wed 3 O A Sal a O 
Croup Sale* 930 6123 
.Tff*. q AgeOULTE NOCTT 
ANO A SCREAar Sunday Time* 



LA_CAGE aux folles 

~ i rate w * tow A p ri l ZS 
FEW Mgfet Mag 7 

Tetephane credit hnokhYW 
now accepted an Ol -734 9923 
Fira Can 24 Hr 7 Day* 

CC Bookings 240 7200 
tor office now open 
for persona caUer* 

Op Sates 930 6123 



St toll ir. 



tatoamr CLvt tuwili PETER UO>OI<Ot pu.- 

Anew*. GrrdumSlEC?iLndSI 

PtMirvi Sun 2 Fee 7 pm Canid 

la 82 •Fit i>dt>e wenvie' and 

V *ol,n COttrerffl in C rn a uu 
Ifwran YnvK« LerovaltJi 
ErtMinole So jdrniiMon 
rruiny Collenion Ol 7 e 9 

x fEOwxnl ro/W, 



FJIBimr 19, 21/ 21; 
6, IT, 15, 18 
AT 7.8* PS 

TL'ESD 4T I tUKOI ai Ut pm 



■ H ft ait *Vb LwiMu I t > 8 iffimi « wtMi» » .lute nr hri* 
|*< 1 *X a- a! Niflr ai jfln a r«itf -Tra 

fan! H > mW briffllh Vl^A voroJimiEri Tufk* 

I 111 (i: VI 1JA 

nUASDflU o MARCH tX 7.11 pc b 



COLSEUM S 836 3161 CC 240 


Toni 7 0 Bull . Tomer 6.0 

PMOCWX 836 8294 ce 24 CT 9661 
or 741 9999 Eve* 8 mot Thu 3 Sal 
5 A 8.30 FT«d can 24 hr 7 day ra 
240 7200 


Standard Drama Awante 


Ol Ervin prate y 



“TTS MA ON H l eU TP’Otoerver. 


CX. 630 

626 ? Grp Sob- 930 6123 
Eve* 745 Mat* Too A Sat 30 


STARUGHT express 

Minr Bv 

Cbrerl wl b> TREY OR NUNN 
Cenrrawcna lor Q A P S until 
AprH al Tura Mai* 

0 & A LEVEL 


Frantlinghom College. Suf- 
folk- 36 hour* of intensive 
revision rloran with quaU 
fn d expenened Itnors In 
small orum FuB board OC- 
commodJifon in modern 
rrylege Rprum coach travel 
from C. London £248 tnc. 
Brochure. Judin Craig Edu- 
cation 01 664 5228 . 2796 . 
22 E*rtec Cardens. Ufofd. 
Era* KjI 3 LA 

Now in our 6ih year 
at Framlingham 

I 6 wk full Ume. C 20 Ui 

Visual Arts Course darts 28 th 

April Apply Prtnclpal Ot 684 



CSCE "O' & 'A' level Full time. 

relore A rev toon co u rses. 
Pi rase write or Mune for pro 
wen us. 103 Crest rubstu 
S rrreL London WClB SLA Tel: 
01 580 4676 7 

lege IB Durr raven Street. Park 
Lone. Lodnon Wl Y 3 Ft Please 
write or telephone For prosper 
'll* Tel- 01-629 2904 

EXECUTIVE wtth top level con- 
tarts ip the caiH Dw t wtu 
vMBng Die Nm from thr 8 th 
February Commladani a cce p t- 
ed for Impart and export UK- 
Canttwan. 0702 617962 - 

NR HOOK ViOogr Homs Lov ely 
detached chalet Ryle home. In 
acre level mature garden, 
(ideal for paddock and daMcsi. 
4 beds. 2 Dalits, utility dining 
roam, lounge, lamthotnr (dirti- 
est. la need of some re- 
decoration Freehold. 

Bereavement uk £ 127 . 000 . 
HeckfteM 1 0735831 516 . 




pared) Church of Wedltead St 
JNM. Take Notice that the In 
cianoenL eburm wardens and 
parochial church council Intend 
to apply for a faculty to remove 
the curts and mounds from the 
9 *v*i wBhtn the chwctiyanL 
so as to leave die headstones 
surrounded by a town. All per- 
sons having or pretending to 
hive any right tfoeor Interest tat 
the above work and who wkli 
to ohleci mod d address such 
aolecuons to Ihe Diocesan Reg- 
Wry. No. 1 Hanover SI. 
Liverpool LI 3 DW to be 
reived no* later than Ihe | 7 tnof 
February 1966 

Tlmeshare lodge one week tote 
June, t, im price to am offer. 
TN 01 - 560 - 7421 . 




Ai last a real Quality decaf 
Innaied tea available by mail 

YVnte for details lo 
Si lames'* Tea* Lid. 
Dept T. 

Sir John Lyon Haute. 
L’ooer Thame* Si. 
London EC 4 V SPA 
Ol 248 4 J 17 
•Weekdays Only) 

months waiter tease. October 
November lo March. AprO 
1987 . 6 kna north front Fun- 

chal centre Overtook* sea. Well 
situated. FUDV equipped A Hw- 

ntshed. ron ug bi 2 bed*. 1 bath. 

kitchen, entrance hall, toungo 

and oreaklasl terrace, private 

phone At colour I v AM j nt n il 

ue* integral ut building trad big 

centre, bank, post office. Ntop- 

rang centre, restaurant. Suttatwe 

rented prafesuonal person* 
wohing lo winter ui warm rti- 

s £2260 sterling for fuD 

• inclusive Ref e renc e s re- 

indeed Eoqtdtles and any 
itetoHs lo C. HUB (02231 


jj SLMatwws, Oxford 


i CxCi wtesion courans O/Yiq Easter «aBon 
In a XMh C«Biy IM Ciwga. 

itar Ttukuatoth— imkf Y Md ttdpMt 

srjas-D i iii ii brac£. 

un He* account* of espertence* 

from those who naveoverromr 
«. Reptwr, to W Duke* Avenue. 
London wj 2 AF 


Wt OBEKCUROL Mar 16 - 23 . 
MlvM ski parly £260 Tel Adn 
an 01-642 4877 



TO BE SOLD on Monday, tom 
February • a good duality full 
sir Edwardian ntahoaanv 
frame btfllardy table, complete 
with yrrwsin Eiunuir 
£ 2.000 Al Lots Road GNIene*. 
71 Lois Rood. London, swio 
OR*. Trtephone: Ol 351 7771 . 

THE T WO Ongnul issue* 1846 
1986 Other biles avail Hand 
bound readv for pre*etilatton 
oho “Sunday*" Cl 2 50 inn 
Remember When Ol 688 6323 

THE TIMES Ortqtnal K*ue* 1845 - 
1986 Other bite* avail Hand 
bound ready for pretenlobon 
oivi “Sunday*". £12 50 inn 
Remember When Ol -688 6323 

A BEAU 7 RHL ladle* Racoon Jki 
Insured for £800 Worn amc 
Bargain al C 32 S ond Tel 01 
38 S 7323 any Ume. 

SI Bargain ctowna safe mlenn 
ed untu 23 th February 



I si registered June 
1984. Chocolate 
12.000 miles. Full ser- 
vice history, one 
grandmother owner. 
£6.250. 6202-210523. 

Take the 

on your new car 


you take the profit, 
we do the work 




1986 Blue with grey (mm 
or. one owner. 6.000 
mile*. Pioneer stereo, al 
•dV*. fuUy coxed, superb 



Call 01-453 0957. 

SEC 1983 i A Reg' 51 b er 
Blue Blue Vrtouc interior 
Btougunkt Stereo. Conra 
Alarm, wired for OH net ear- 
phone. 21.000 mites. Full 
toSlorv £ 26 . 495 . T rl 5 
Pas ton <m OL- 637 B 492 br 
(weep 106 Mon-Frl 

PHOENIX 836 2294 CC 240 9661 

741 9999 Evas B Ma! Thu 3 
Sal S & 8.30 
B 4 Mr 7 Day First Can 
cr 240 7200 

Standard Drama Awards 

‘ “Ms Fi— lay 



wr op* 
Roy Jew er* war May Elvis Presley 
on Stonnsy Eves oaty 


rision Street 499 3737 
Coral Browne. Ion Holm 
■Superb perfo ra te nr e*' F Tinwv 
m Deran PoUer'v 


-Sheer enrrunlmenr S Exp 
A rDmptrtr tnumpn' S Tet Film al 
2 00 1 NOJ Stoll 4 lo 6 20 A B 4 C| 


sruntbury Avenue w I 
43 S 0006 

Jexura Lamr Ed Ham 
FHm al 9 00 
■Sol Sum 4 to 6 20 A B 40 Fromf 
fciarrn 1 Kinuun RAN <l 3 t 





H-rnr from iuwm. bui tv 

tel a M Rw ter «e lad. e na at tor raiS r e 






h« IteBTYTtr LRiriwKwilftp unites 

Vtet Atemn n#»- /am Btrrh hm* lt*o> ■ 


Lo&un.* product 
Average value £3.000 
£20.000 Plus. + Car. 



WC 1 Jlat norm ol hf CUy. a 
charming low ouui Georgian 
terraced bouse. 4 bedr-ooms. 
badrroorn. drawing roam, 
uudv. kilrneo tuning room, 
voulh lacing . 

Krooni Frank 5 Rudey 
Lanocei Reswentlal 

Tsfi 01-738 *771 

FuUv luflared home-study 

coorsm for arroiouaoey. bank 
tng. rompuimg. chartered secs, 
export insurance, markebitg. 
Free prospertus i stele exam of 
Inlervsti (ram toe PruwtpaL 
Deol 980 . Merrapnlllvn Col 
legr. FreepcKt. Oxford 0 X 2 
68 R Tel 0865 52200 (24 hrsi 
ANNE DODDER Berreurlol Col 
Wge 1 form Intensive 

Soeedwniing shorthand Sec. 
co urs e k AMO I yr 6 6 mm*. 
Pitman liotnitig Rrtmher and 
pari -lone rourve* 

Tramifliq beam* I 

April Sepi Jan 
Wifi 2 LJ Tel 01-874 5489 
tonal CoHeor. 37 -week course 
start January and B eo t ember. 
French bilingual course, bun 
nes* Kurile*, travel and to w m i l 
InfoTmauon teefmofogy College I 
he*lrt ana flats Mrs Orach. 34 , 
lit Ckte*. Oxford Tel 
080661 laoa 

UTTIJIsOaE NTS- MogninreM 
lunar style rounfrv haute mu 
Mrd IP 16 acres ol grnd 
Im p ereablv refurbished, stun- 
ranq views 6 bed*. 6 bam*. 6 I 
rer raw. guest coctegr. gasnr* 
rm Matt (tet Frerhotd SJt 2 | 
million Anvrombe A Rlnaund 
01 446 1434 . 

■ L nn erg I* of London) 
Rood Vebrrle Aerodynanur* 
Ne*earrn AasnBnhhip 

to work an besrr arrodynam- 
Ifs rnrarm sponsored b) 
Y 4 onda H and D Co Lid The 
work Will involve Ihe t«e of a 
new large wind lunnrt with a 
mm mg floor and In- ronduct 
■no of MPHWiRih into 
varran asperts of vehicle 
flow hews 

ENpenenre of esoerunenui 
miumn rese a rch and 
Quo. I d-gree in a refevam 
deu-ipfine eyvenllal Stoning 
voter* will 6 - m me range 
ffiTM lo tt 3 . 3 RS 'under 
e>- ■ mrludma London 

allow an. e arroraina to ape 
and niwmr 

Appiiraiinnv with CV and 
names of two referees, and 
reoumr* 'or furtnei 
■niaiiruiioa. to Nil* R 
F.urhim. Depo t Muei l of 
Aerijndutir* Imperial 

Conroe fa'ndon SV *7 2 BY' 



Under tiie Transport Act 1985, Southampton 
City is creating a new public transport company to 
operate under the provisions of the Companies Acts 
on a full commercial basis at 'arms length' from the 
Council, taking over from the current Council-operated 
bus undertaking. 

The recruitment of a Managing Director is 
b underway and the Board now wish to appoint a Finance 
Director to take full responsibility for the finance and 
commercial activities of the Company. 

You will be a senior executive currently achievino 
optimum commercial performance through good 
accounting practice and the most beneficial use and 
deployment of the financial resource. Drive 
commitment, determination and technical ability are 
rompany 38 Sr6 ° 900d wor ^ n 9 knowledge of 

for this key position we will negotiate a salarv 
wjtfjm the range £20 - £22,000 per annum, logger 
wrth generous relocation expenses if applicable 

Application forms and further details available 
from: WarwWc Temple, Personnel Departm^L 
Cnnc Centre, Southampton. SQ9 4 ZF Teimhnna- 
Southampton ( 0703 ) - 

office hours quotmg reTr^L^r^ OUt * 
Closing date: 24 th February 1986. 



■«*ual orientstTon. 

mW gHwi or<fiKablBty, 

■ O'".,’ 

Join i> i 

1- ' : ^J*',':~^ ■_' // : - •_ -~- V.; \ ‘ • '-’-• . c _• ..- ‘ 



^ k-"»! -*U , 

r» v 




— 7 ^ e re are Unex pected treas u res in Moscow’s ' vf 

UDoerground and under the golden cupolas of Suzdal 

Edited by Shona Crawford Poole 

K-A* 4fi. 

*■< N . 


heart of 
old Russia 

**■*' •_ . . 

SlW« “v . 

.. „ , 

The welcome was as icy as 
the weather, “What are you? 
Teachers? Miners? Worked 
of which category, please?”. A 
confused munnunng rum- 
bled through the airport bus. 
“So 1 see: You are all middle 
class. Middle class capi talism 
I see”. The interpreter's face 
barely cracked thereafter. 
We’d got a hard-liner, a 
puritan of the first order. 

For an hour we drove, in 
the dark along wide, snow- 
white highways to a tower 
block that felt as fer from 
Red Square as Cockfbsters 
does from the Coliseum. 
We’d asked for h, really. The 
hotel was booked not through 
Inlooiist but through the 
smaller Trade Union chain: 
our places were those not 
taken up by Soviet holiday- 
makers; our food, transport, 
near-tee- total stale the same 
as theirs. 

The old myth about seeing 
only what they want you to 
see was exploded once and 
for all The long daily hank 
into the centre by dusty ochre 

trolley-bus were like- a trigger 
to die figure-happy guides: 
32-storey hotels, population 
of 8.6 million, 1,000 indus- 
trial enterorises, 20 in- 
dustries. 100,000 new flats _ 
Hop off at. the high Spasxow 
(now Lenin) Hills, and the 
city of Moscow radiates 
below tike a huge frozen qny ; 
the Moskva river, the ring 
roads in concentric circles, 
the radial streets and avenues 
fanning out all around. 

The Metro follows the 
same design, and, as long as 
you’ve learnt the- Cynllic 
alphabet, it's easy as it's 
addictive. And the farther 
out you are. the more you see 
of die richness of Russia's 
quarries: For the marbles, 
granites and porphyries, the 
carved cmficues of fancy 
which decorate Moscow’s 
churches and civic buildings, 
are there, too, underground. 
What at first glance seems 
drab and functional to ores 
used to high-speed roving 
between- advertisements and 
faces, soon turn into a 

ra logical 
along a labyrinth of subterra- 
nean palym 

The place to surface for the 

sights is Praspekt Marska, a »*•*’ 
semi-circular avenue impos- 
sible to cross other than by 
subway. (Actually , it’s fun to 
try, if only to start up an 
o rchestra of traffic-police 
whistles and a flurry of while : 
bartons.) Straight ahy^ d. the t*V‘ 
huddle of gold-domed build- fiK 
Logs which form the earliest BE 
core of the city inside the jggj 
terracotta Kremlin waH is HI 
encircled by a human 
fortification: the queue for 
the Lenin mausoleum. They < 
make the Albert Hall 1 
Prommers look like a bos vou 
queue. & Basil's Cathedral, ■ 

of subiena- 

•5 . ■V'*:?'..; 

*v^.. ■ • ...• 


Jersey. To the French it's 
food and drink with around 
200 continental chefs working 
their magic on lobster and 
crab straight out of the sea. 
The food is still mouthwater- 
ing even in the most modest 
cafes-ifs the French 
influence, of course. 

Ask your navel agem about 

great-value inclusive holidays. 
Write for brochures 
ioDept143 . 

Jersey Tourism, 

Sl HeUer, Jersey, CL 

®OrcaD 01-200 0200 
24 hr personal sen-ice. C 

Starry citadel: the domes of the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin, Suzdal 

you’ll get is a rasping 
avalanche of entirely justified 

beyond, at the fer corner of abuse. That was at Suzdal, 

Red Square, bulges tike a 
huge fruit basket of domes 
ana turrets, - with brightly 
painted tulips garlanding its 
lower walls, like the 
stencilling s of a whimsical 

Every visitor to Moscow 
will be differently surprised. 

some 112 miles and five 
hours’ drive north-east along 
the Moscpw-Gorky highway. 

We passed through villages 
of tiny Chekhovian wooden 
houses, blue, red, green, 
yellow, each with ornately- 
-waived window frames. A 
factory or two, heavily slo- 

nals SuzdaL Declared a 
conversation zone since 
1967. this fortified medieval 

weathered to glint, from a 
distance, with a mis- 
chievously deceptive silver 

town is a living architectural opulence. 

museum, with its own Krem- ^ SimJal ^ 

tin bousing the five indigo, ^ of Vladimir (just 20 
gold-starred domes of the minutes’ drive away) is the 
Cathedral of the Nativity of place to stay. Here, the 
the Viigin: its golden interior Orthodox Cathedral of the 
suffocated by 13 th-ce ntury Assumption is still active: 
icons and 17th-century fres- jncense rises and bodies are 

The streets of immaculately and a thick fringe of 

restored 18th and 19th- silver-birch forests in their 
century buildings, pastel- winter camouflage soon thin 
painted and arranged in neat out to vast white plains, 
. pedestrian precincts, can stretching to the horizon like 
make you imagine yourself in a bed of clouds seen from an 
West Germany. Then yon aeroplane, and broken only 
read the shop names: M2k, ' by the bumps and hummocks 
Produce, Books, Furniture - of last summer's haymaking, 
and you know exactly where a scattering of distant 
yon are. The coffee is as good golden domes and cupolas, 
as the tea: there are oranges; tw j n j t ij n g beacons, sig- 
the lavatories make those m 
the Middle East look like 

snperioos. Say .the word 

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alone, you’D gam admittance, progressive Tours. 12 
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HHary Finch went with 
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Icicles hang where gar- 
goyles might leer from the 
Monastery of Our Saviour, 
now housing a small rausuem 
of art history; and the small 

prostrated in the hypnotic 
where gar- warmth of the old Holy 
t from the .Russia. A plethora of paint- 
izr Saviour, ings by Andrei Rublev, newly 
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id the gmaii piaster, glow from the walls 

population shop with tourists of this 11th-century model 
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On the outskirts, the aspen 
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hexagonal turrets of 18th- 
century wooden churches has 


am Vtodtafr* 


} Moscow nferv?t:St Basil's Cathedral in Red Square 

^ . : 

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in the frozen waters of a still, 
white river, ‘and the worst 

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beautiful city, write to - 

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Irrtourist, 292 Regent Street, 
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wider range of holidays, 
costing from £165 for a 
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chocolate will come in handy. 
FPr reading matter, the . 
following are invaluable and 

guaranteed to cause minimum 
delay at customs: Maxim 
Gorky's MyChikihood 
(Penguin, E2£5); Robert.. 
Byron’s Ffrst Russia, then 
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1 Sib-centnry twin in the 
Moscow Kremlin. 

Vladimir, now busy with , 
tourists and tight industry, i 
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only in Mussorgsky’s music, 
it is the great entrance and 
exit to an architectural and 
social microcosm of a 
nation’s obeisance to God, 
Tsar and Lenin. 

Hilary Finch 


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Hairbrushes can be strictly functional, or they can become items of pure luxury 

Keep your hair on with 

the big brush-off 

W hen 3 certain overseas 
prince needed more 
hairbrushes, he simply 
telephoned Asprey. the London 
jewellers, and ordered a set of 
military-style brushes filled with 
pure bristle, backed with ivory 
and silver, and initialled. They 
cost £40.000. Most of us have to 
be content with more modest 
purchases, paying between 75p 
to £5 for a mass-produced brush 
bought in a chemist shop or 
department store. We have 
scam regard for craftsmanship 
but buy for shape, colour and 
even novelty - which is a pity 
because, although machinery' 

may have taken over many of 
the skills of the brushmakcr. a 
lot of thought goes in to the 
design of a hairbrush. 

You may regard a handbag 
brush in the same light as a 
toothbrush, as something to be 
discarded as soon as the tufts 
break or bend. But there is still 
something magical about run- 
ning a quality brush through 
your hair. Apart from freeing 
the tangles, it induces a 
soporific feeling and looks good 
on the dressing table. 

The names of Addis. Com by. 
Denman and Kent appear on 
most of the hairbrushes we buy. 

Each offer an enormous variety 
and in theory we ought to be 
able to copy all those clever 
tricks of the hairdresser, like 
coaxing curls into straight 
tresses and taming unruly locks. 

Science comes into it. too. 
For example, a full radial brush 
which looks like a large bottle 
brush is best for blow-styling, 
while a hair-dryer attachment 
with air flow ducts dries wet 
hair quickly as it guides hot air 
through the brush tufts. 

the 1 9th century when ladies’ 
brushes were available in one 
long-handled style and usually 
encased in polished wood or 
lacquered enameL 

Modem technical differences 
would have foxed William 
Addis who. in 1780, developed 
and marketed a toothbrush 
which was the base for his 
enormous, and still successful, 
family brushmaking business 
which carries toiletry and 
domestic household ranges. 

Such scientific application to 
hairbrushes illustrates how far 
the craft has developed since 

JfeL: > • >!' .< • 

Bristling bunch: (1) Mason Pearson chad’s brush (John Lewis, £738); (2) Comby pure 
bristle club (Harrods, £530); (3) Addis Classic Airstream (Boots, £1.99); (4) Pro-rip all- 
purpose (Harrods and chemists, 65p); (5) Kent half-radial wooden (Selfridges, £1130); (6) 
Mason Pearson Extra, plastic-backed (Underwoods, £24.14); (7) Denman Noir styling 
(Selfridges, £2.17); (8) Pro-tip wooden fall-radial (Harrods, Bodyshop International, 
£2.95); (9) Addis Wet Hair (Boots, £3.20); (10) Kent wooden dab (Selfridges, £13). 

B ut he and his sons 
understood the craft of 
bone and ivory brushxnak- 
ing: he travelled to India and 
China to buy the best bristle, 
knew how to hand-drill and 
how to draw brushes - the art of 
passing waxed thread through 
each end of the brush to connect 
the tuft holes. This was such a 
delicate skill that nimble fin- 
gered girls, based in traditional 
brushmaking areas such as 
Buckinghamshire, Hertford- 
shire and London, were em- 

Although ivory and ebony 
were popular casings so. too, 
were gojd. silver, wood and 
tortoiseshell. Because of the 
import prohibition on tortoises, 
jewellers such as Asprey now 
rely on antique dealers and 
impoverished gentry to sell 
them old tortoiseshell dressing 
table sets which are then 
refurbished and sold from £145 
for a single brush. People still 
buy such sets as a christening 
present, paying from £995. or 
£1.495 for a three-piece set in 
shagreen (sharkskin). 

This is brush luxury and if 
you feel like indulging yourself 
on a more acceptable budget 
you could buy a well- finished 
wooden brush from £10 or go 
for the status of the reassuring 
Mason Pearson brush, which 
has adorned dressing tables 
since 1885. It still comes in the 
early style of packaging and the 
brushes are still made in the 
East London factory founded by 
Mr Mason Pearson, an engineer 
by trade. In the streets sur- 
rounding the works live three 
generations of brush makers and 
the family business is headed by 
Michael Pearson. 

A large brush with extra boar 
bristles will cost yon £24.14. 
Although machinery has taken 
over some of the manufacturing 
chores, 10 of the processes are 
still done by hand. 

nkllllU 1 

Stylish: 1910 silver/tortoiseshell brash from six-piece Asprey dressing table set, £2300 

The conventionally-shaped 
ladies' brush and the stubby 
military style for men have not 
changed but. as a cunning ploy 
to catch young customers, the 
Mason Pearson range includes a 
special child’s brush for use on 
hair that has grown past the 
downy stage but remains fine 
and tangle-prone (£7.38). It is 
made of pure bristle but this 
does not mean you should 
avoid the mass-produced 
brushes with tufts of nylon or 
bristle and nylon mix. 

expensive. But do be careful 
when you buy a very cheap, all- 
nylon brush: under the heat of a 
dryer it could melt on to your 

“You need special shaped 
and tufted brushes to achieve 
today's hairstyles*', explains 
Mrs Mady Oottesman, bead of 
Comby. “Not all of them can be 
achieved with a pure bristle 
traditional brush. There is also 

A ddis have a Wet Brush 
version (£3.20) with the 
metal quills coated with 
polished resin to glide through 
freshly-washed hair. The Roto 
Styler (£1.95) does the actual 
styling with a press button at 
one end to remove die brush 
from waved hair. Apparently it 
is popular with fashion-con- 
scious young men who are also 
taking over their sisters' mod- 
em electric hot brush which 
dries and styles hair at the same 
time. The BaByliss Styi’air 
(from £11) achieves the spiky 

look which is in vogue. 

But if the younger man is 
willing to experiment with 
electrical gadgetry, his father 
and grandfather definitely are 
not. Father is happy with a 
long-handled wooden brush 
while grandpa still believes the 
only way to brush hair is by 
using two square brushes 

Wash all brushes in soapy 
water rather than detergent and 
keep away from artificial heat. 
If you are lucky enough to 
receive a silver-backed pure 
bristle brush, wash the tufts 
only and dry by standing the 
brush, bristle side. down, on a 
towel. Apply a little polish to 
dried wooden-brushes. 

Suzanne Greaves 



When the Queen can be a liability 

At chess, a Queen sacrifice is 
generally considered as a bril- 
liancy; at bridge, a Queen is 
frequently more of a dangerous 
liability than an asset. 

Most players are familiar 
with the standard unblock when 
declarer in a suit contract strips 
the hand before tackling this 
side suit 

Declarer cashes the Ace on 
which East must contribute the 
King, and returns to hand with 
a trump to play a second round 
of the suit Now it is West who 
must rise with the Queen. 

This provides a good test 
The contract is in no trumps 
and declarer aims to establish 
the suit without allowing East to 
rapture the IeacL_ 

*8 #43 

Banking on home-grown talent 

to nurse my partner, but the 
(patient died nevertheless. 

Rubber bridge. Love all 
Dealer East 

± 100 
5 A107 
0 OJflS 
* 10876 

* 984 


0 32 

* S43 

N 4KQJ73 
w s ?K47 

w e oa 
a ♦ AKOa 

with the care of a pawnbroker 
examining a dubious pledge, be 
reverted to spades. Declarer 
won the ♦A and rattled off his 
diamonds. To beat the contract 
East must hold the S’K- Equally, 
he must be peranaded to 
unguard it. This wifi be the 
[four-card ending. 

K1072 w El 08 

JIO-IW E 096 

P 93 

0 AK10S74 
♦ J9 • 

A 107 
0 - 
• 10 


Here it is easy for East to drop 
his Queen under the Ace, to 
avoid beiog thrown in. The next 
combination requires both de- 
fenders to be on their mettle. 

Q10S2 W El KJ 

He starts with a low card from 
dummy. If East plays the five be 
achieves his object by covering 
with the seven. If East plays the 
nine, declarer can succeed by 
ducking, but is unlikely to do so 
in practice. Playing the Queen 
fails because declarer wifi 
simply duck the next round, 
leaving West on lead. 

I Defending the next band as 
West, I felt l had done my best 


: m Asatfitpinh 

I (2) An wpanftmahleflhove 
f l dutifully led the 49 which 
East overtook with the 4J, 
which held the trick. East now 
cashed the 4K. followed by 
ihe*A, to test my reaction. 
After peering at my 4»3 and 44 

N ♦ Q 

w e 

8 40 ' 

So on the third diamond I 
pelpfully discarded the S’Q. The 
end-game I had foreseen duly 
occurred, together with an 
jagonized trance by East 
(Eventually he parted with the 


Jeremy Flint 

The recent brilliant successes of 
British teams and Britain's 
ranking of third position is the 
world list owe much to the 
sponsoring of numerous popu- 
lar chess congresses throughout 
Britain by top banks and 
stockbroking firms. Lloyds 
Bank, whose chairman is 
talented chess problemist Sir 
Jeremy Morse, has been out- 
standing in this respect. 

Two congresses in the past 
year have allowed our local and 
national talent to meet some of 
the world's best. In the first, 
held at London's Park Lane 
Hotel, first prize was won by 
one of the best of the leading 
younger grandmasters, Alex- 
ander Bdiavsky, with a score of 
71 4/9. 

‘ dose behind, and for from 
outclassed, came four of our 
younger grandmasters and 
masters - Murray Chandler, 
John Nunn, Mark Hebden and 
Jonathan Mestd, all of whom 
scored 7 while the 24-year-old 

woman world champion Maia 
Chibnrdanidze finished an 
unbeaten sixth with 616 points. 

The London tournament was 
a pleasure to watch because of 
the seat with which the younger 
players conducted their games. 
Even more pleasurable was the 
second Lloyds Bank inter- 
national which was beW at St 
Peter Port, Guernsey. The 
£1,000 first prize was shared by 
two yoiu$ British players, 
[Julian Hodgson, 22, of London 
and Stuart Conquest, 18, of 
^Hastings. From those two 
(tournaments alone I have 
received more than 50 entries 
for The Times Trophy for the 
best British game of the year. 

I So for more than 600 entries 
(have come in but there is still 
room for mom With one week 
still to go, don’t be shy of 
entering yoor best game. 

Meanwhile, as a foretaste of 
what is required, let me give the 
game which has won the 
inaagttral CH.OTX Alexander 

prize for the most brilliant 
attacking game from a British 
grandmaster tournament or the 
national championship daring 

Coincidentally, the British 
Chess Federation has nomi- 
nated myself and Ray Keene as 
the judges for this prize, but it is 
qmie separate from The Times 

The brief comments to this 
game are kindly supplied by 
Grandmaster Jon Spedman. I 
White Chandler. Black Speel- 
man. British GhampionShipJ 
Edinburgh 298S. Caro-Kannj 

tS es ,:s» **> 

Too aggressive. 1 1 B-KN5 
would leave the position in 

11 ... M4c* 

This ambitious variation tends 
to bring out the best in Black 
Caro-Kann players. 

12 era B-NS 13NHU SUM 
14 Kxfl K-KB4 15 e« Men 

i«mi era 

Now Blade is virtually winning. 
But not 16 . . . 0-0-0? 17 Q-N3! 
NxQP 18 N-Q6ch. 

rr 903 MOP is St-QBdi K-K3 

is ee Hutch 

The sort of s acrifi c e you have to 
play if you see it at afi. 

20 Ml JtaP 21 ttcMP CHS2 
8M M 

.White cannot prevent Black 
from regaining much of the 
material that be has invested. 
Meanwhile, White’s King re- 
mains extremely exposed. 

2 era 4 P4BM MOM 

8 P-QB4 PaP |Brf> (MCa 


a MW lbs MW M-BScS 
27 QR-N1 Q-flTcb jl I U< n niW-fi 

».IHB Mffch 5*g 

This move emu my opponent 
much thought. 

Harry Golombek 


Prizes of the New Collins Thesaurus will be given for the first two 
ronrect solutions opened on Thursday. February 6. 1986. Entries 
ihould be addressed to The Times Concise Crossword , 
fom petition, 1 Pennington Street, London. El, The winners and 
-olulion wifi be announced on Saturday, February 8, 1986. 



1 Risk compensation 

9 Prolonged applause 

10 Thin candle (5) 

11 Wildebeest (3) 

13 Close (4) 

16 On an occasion (4) 

17 Co hungry (6) 

18 Dispirited (4| 

!0 Transitory secretary 


12 Leave out (4) 

!3 Firth of Lome resort 

5 Leap (3) 

2 Cow stomach lining 


9 Too old (7) 

0 Intense concern (4.7) 

2 Manila hemp (S) 

3 Mastery (4) 

4 Ladder step (4) 

Fruit from a noble family tree 

3 Mastery (4) SOLUTION TO No 863 

4 Ladder step (4) ACROSS; I Abased 5 Imbibe 8 DSN 9 Jabber 

5 Cadet training school 10 Doodle II Non-U 12 Nosedive 14 Psyche 

(1.1,1. 1) 17 Tabard 19 Gave back 22 Luck 24 Sketch 

S Cost (7) 25 Orphan 26 IMF 27 Seeped 28 Finger 

7 Land's End antithesis DOWN: 2 Beano 3 Subfusc 4 Durance S Indus 

(4.1.6) 6 Brood 

t Casual buyer (4,7) J7 Tate 

I Great Basin slate (6) " Chase 

I Senior warrant 

• Gaming house (6) 

Make use of (7) 

EKRL The Winn 

Mind (5) .... 

Aid (4) M.Udd 

inside position (4) ***”■' ° 

Northern moor (4) Launcestc 

6 Brood 7 Bolivar 13 EVA IS Shackle 16 Hob 
17 Take off 18 Bullpen 20 Estop 21 Aphid 

The winners tfprize concise No 852 are: 

M. Liddle. Longstone Hew. Berwick-upon- 
Tweed; and W. GladweiL Trekmner Lezam, 
Launceston. CamwalL 

3LUTION TO No 8 5 ^Saturday January 18 prize concise) 

Seymour 9 Tailor 20 Khaki II Ewe 13 Eden 
Smut 17 Edward 18 Pope 29 Idle 21 Instil 22 Only 23 Logo 25 Gel 
LtanM 29 Epitome 30 Ne plus ultra 

.M*** « Unarmed 7 Other people 

o£® oSi 2S£ , 3W N “ lsTwin *' 15P ^*» »■» 

To describe wines made from 
the Muscat grape as grapey 
may sound unenlightening 
but its taste is very dose to 
that of the familiar, un- 
complicated taste of fresh 
table grapes. 

This resemblance between 
fruit bowl and bottle starts to 
make sense if you delve into 
rite Muscat grape’s family 
tree. The most noble branch 
is undoubtedly headed by the 
Muscat Blanc Muscat A Petits 
Grains whose strong, spicy 
aroma and occasional ant- 
seed-like taste reminds one 
slightly of its distant cousin 
the Muscat Alexandria, a 
high-yielding multi-purpose 
variety that can be turned 
into wine, table grapes and 

In between come a clutch 
of Muscats such as the rare, 
soft Muscadelle - the least 
important Sauternes grape, 
but found in Australia as the 
intense, rich, sweet raisiny 
Tokay of north-east Victoria. 
This famous dessert wine 
region in Australia also grows 
the pungent Orange Muscat 
grape, a variety that crops up 
occasionally in France. There 
is a luscious Black Hamburg 
Muscat of which Hampton 
Court boasts an impressively 
historic vine. 

Apan from these major 
Muscat varieties there are a 
host of Muscat off-shoots, for 

example the Muscat Ottonel. 
a French hybrid that reflects 
the style of the Muscat Blanc 
but which can be grown in 
cooler climates. Alsace now 

has planting of Muscat 
Ottonel in addition to the 

Ottonel in addition to the 
Muscat Blanc; it is the only 
French region that produces a 
truly dry Muscat. 

Over in Germany a grapey 
Muscat-like charm can be 
found in young Riesling 
wines, although tfa two grapes 
are apparently not related. 
This youthful grapey Muscat 
scent is also much in ev- 
idence with those aromatic 
Geisenheim cross-breeds 
such as the Bacchus, Kerner 
and Huxelrebe. 

The Muscat grape enjoys’ 
the heat. In a hoi climate its 
extra-ripe, frequently raisiny 
grapes are turned into de- 
liciously intense fortified des- 
sert trines. Bailey's in north- 
east Victoria. Australia, 
produce the most magnificent 
fortified Muscats but none 
are exported to the UK, An 
unusual, much drier alter- 
native from the same area is 
Brown Brothers *83 Late 
Picked Muscat Blanc, made 
from the Muscat Alexandria, 

whose imesne. sherbery nose 
and spicy, grapey palate is 
wonh experiencing (Oddbins 
£5.35: Majestic Wine Ware- 
houses cany the '84 for 

Muscat de Beaumes-de- 
Venise, that phenomenally 
successful fortified vin doux 
run urei from the Rhone, is 
one of the most popular 
sweet wines in the country. 
Although the local 

cooperative's ridged, screw- 
top bottle is widely available 

top Dome is widely av; 
I find its tell-tale pale. 

gold colour and soft, tight, 
peachy-aniseed taste is rather 
dull (Peter Dominic £5.99. 
Sainsbury’s £5-25). 

The 1983 Domaine de 
Coyeux Muscat de Beaumes- 
de-Venise with its deep gold 
colour, and richer, heavier 
taste is much better (Majestic 
Wine Warehouses £5.99, 
Tesco £4.99). But one of the 
finest fortified Muscats from 
this area has to be the 
glorious golden-pink, flowery 

'83 Muscat de Beaumes-de- 
Venise from Paul JabouJet 
Ainfc whose finesse and 
flavour will impress even the 
most ardent Muscat hater 
(Majestic Wine Warehouses 
£7.79, O. W. Loeb, 15 
Jermyn Street London SW] 

if, like me, you have found 
the sweet fizzy charms of 
Asti Spumante hard to take, 
although I am happy with 
Asti Martini's fresh grapey 
version (Peter Dominic 
£4.95), the infinitely superior 
Gallo cTOro Moscato d’Asti 
with its amazingly fresh, 
fruity smell and taste shows 
just bow good the Muscat 
grape can be (Andn& Simon 


Great Whisky From 
Little acorns 

i ; 

* - 1 - 

Us* y* * . 

Jane MacQuitty 

On die Hebridean 

climate, the peat, the 
„ water ’ even inde- 

finable mystique... all 
con tribute to the dis- 

Tf/j rinctive flavour of the 

JjgfctrSTtf Lagavulin malt at the 

heart ofWhite Horse. 
So do the casks. 

All our casks at Lagavulin are made of 
open-pored E uropean oak. 

The malt matures in these casks for years 
until its fire becomes a peaty warmth. 

Bur perfection has its cost; over the years 
as much as one tenth of the maturmg whisky 
is lost by evaporation. ” * 

Bur what remains in the casks is the result 
of the distiller’s art and Lagavulin “magicT 
That unique combination can be savoured 
in every sip of White Horse. 

Blended to let the malt shine through. I 

. />, 


M H? I 



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Murder trail to 
the heart of 
French society 


The Pink Panther SiMies again: Tony Coe offers a radical reinterpretation of Henry Mandri’s tunes 

Unsung master of the sax 

Tony Coe Mainly Mancini 
(Chabada OHB) 

Martial Sofa I “Live" 

1959/85 (Stefanotis PAM 963, 
four discs) 

Cecil Taylor The World of 
Cedi Taylor (Candid 9006) 
Charles Mingus Presents 
Charles Mingus (Candid 9005) 
Charles Mingus The 
Complete Candid Recordings 
(Mosaic MR4-1 1 1 , Four 

In an era devoted to neo- 
classicism, Tony Coe's ability 
to suggest the entire jazz- 
history of the saxophone in 
the course of a single solo 
should have brought him 
worldwide renown. Had- he 
been bom in the United 
States rather than in Britain, 
of course, it would have been 
easier for him to achieve 
acceptance as a member of 
the small society of surviving 
masters of the tenor saxo- 
phone. Who. though; is brave 
enough to claim for ^ him a 
creative" parity widi such 
giants as Stan Getz. Sonny 
Rollins or Wayne "'Snorter? 

Qoe’s ingredients include 
the rich chromaticism of 
Coleman Hawkins, the sump- 
tuous balladry of Ben Web- 
ster, the extreme tonal 
distortions of Albert Ayler 
and. from outside jazz, the • 
vinegary essence of the Sec- 
ond Viennese School. In the 
hands of a less mature stylist, 
such allusions would be no 
more than bolted-oo effects. 
To Coc. they are part of a 
fully integrated philosophy, 
without a hing of pastichd 

Among other distinctions, 
he happens to be the voice of- 
the Pink Panther - by which I 
mean that his is die saxo- 
phone heard enuciating 
Henry Mane ini’s deliciously 
slealthv theme to Peter 

Sellers’s Inspector Cfouseau 

Coe was not the first to 
play the Panther (Plas John- 
son. the Hollywood- sudio 
veteran, added that to his 
many laurels), but his recip- 
rocal respect for Mancini has 
led to Mainly Mancini a new 
recording in which he offers 

a combination of qualities 
th at brings new life to the 
checks of standard tunes, jazz 
warhorses and“The Blue 
Danube” alike. 

One complete disc devoted 
to his variations on familiar 
themes (such as- “AD the 
Things You Are”) amply 
demonstrates die bracing ef- 

reissues from the Candid 
label, a small concern which 
recorded several important 

The works of film director 
Claude Chabrol and novelist 
Georges Simenon have much 
in common. Both are pre- 
occupied with exploring the 
inner workings of the French 
bourgeoisie and exposing the 
hypocrisy and passions be- 
neath its complacent surface. 
Both return time and time 
again to the small provincial 
town to find all that is best — 
family, loyally, discipline — 
and worst — greed, jealousy, 
pettiness — in French society. 
For both Simenon and 
Chabrol, death is the c3talyst 
that allows the subterranean 
emotions to emerge. 

The Hatter’s Ghosts 
(Channel 4. Weds. 10.05pm- 
12.15am) is both typical 
Simenon and typical 
Chabrol. The killer is a 
hatter, respected in his 
claustrophobic provincial 
community, wedded to rou- 
tine. He is neither evil nor 
demented, just a middle-aged 
tradesman whose life has 
taken a direction that only 
murder can resolve. 

He kills his na ggi ng, 
invalid wife but pretends to 
the outside world that she is 
still alive, going through the 
charade of taking her meals 
up to their room and eating 
them himself, placing a 

sessions in the early 1960s dummy in her wheelchair to 
before succumbing to market deceive passers-by. and 

radical interpretations- of feet of his rhythmic zest and 
some of the composer’s best reharmoniza lions. 

known tunes. 

. “Days of Wine and -Roses” 

There was a time when 
Cecil Taylor, that perennial 

Pink ^“reCofufion^a^h^a 
ftimher use If ye among the J gjft for remodelling familiar 
themes explored with superb veisioiv D f “This 

imagination mid empathy by Nearly Was Mine” recorded 
the tno of Coe (who also . , ' . • . _ 

plays clarinet and soprano ,n l , 9fl0 - “ 8 cla5s ‘ c ? r 
saxophone), the pianist Tony 01 lcss „5^ vcnU<H, £ 
Hymns and the bassist Chris 1®*?, *"*» 


Martial.- Solal is another 
European jazz musician 
whose birthplace has cost 
him the recognition his talent 
would otherwise demand in 
the US. Pbwell and Monk 
apart, which post-war Ameri- 
can pianist has been more 
effective than this brilliant 
Algerian pianist in - bringing 
original thought id bear on 
the basic fabric of jazz? . 

; Solal h hardly known in 
Britain, and those unfamiliar 
with his unique qualities 
could do not better than get 
10 know him through “Live” 
1959/85, a box of four discs 
chronicling concert, and festi- 
val: performances throughout 
Fiance (and, on one occa- 
sion. iu Belgium) during the 
period' in question. 

Solos, duets (with. Lee 
Koniiz, Stephane Grappelli, 
John Lewis and others), trios, 
and enthralling performance 
of his “Suite in D flat” fry. a 
quartet including the marvel- 
lous trumpeter Roger Guerin, 
and two pieces for big band. 

unrelieved thunder and light- 
ning of his subsequent perfor- 
mances on record and in 
concert. . 

Charles Mingns . 

Taylor’s most spectacular 
device is to bathe the whole 
piece in a ravishing blues 
tonality, ■ altering this senti- 
mental ditty's emotional cli- 
mate utterly and forever. 

It can be found in The 

demonstrate his range, brisk' World of Cecil Taylor, one of 
touch and subtle conception, a batch of budget-priced 


Candid’s producer, the 
critic Nat Hentoff, nourished 
a taste for adventure as well 
as for quality. Taylor was a 
figure of widespread con- 
troversy in I960, as was Eric 
Dolphy, the saxophonist 
whose startling solos made 
him the star of Charles 
Mingns Presents Charles 
Mingus, an uninhibited quar 
let session generally reckoned 
to be among the highlights of 
Mingus's recorded legacy. 

. Albums in this series are 
packaged in their original 
sleeves and are priced at less 
that £4, which is considerably 
less than the equivalent 
reissues from those other 
grandes marques of the 1960s 
Blue • Note and Prestige. 
Unfortunately (and perhaps a 
stronger term would be more 
appropriate), the remastering 
has been carried out with so 
little care that distortion has 
been introduced into record 
iogs that were once models of 

Mingus's more boisterous 
moments survive relatively 
unharmed, but the exposed 
piano lines of “This Nearly 
Was Mine" are practically 

For those who are serious 
about quality, the Mingus 
session also makes up a 
quarter of The Complete 
Candid Recordings of Charles 
Mingas, in which Mosaic’s 
customary diligence has led 
to the discovery of various 
previously unknown tacks, 
notably two fine versions of 
“Reincarnation -of a Love 

Richard Williams 

pretending to answer her ill- 
tempered summonses. But 


The Ghost Goes West 
(1936); The Drum(l938): 
Continuing the excellent 
Alexander Korda season. The 
Ghost Goes West (BBC2, 
Weds, 6-7.20pm) stars Robert 
Donat and The Drum 
(BBC2, Fri, 5_25-7pm) is an 
enjoyable yam of the Raj. 

The rich 

who fell 
from grace 




Irish quirkiness 
and venom 

Ifcrodbney The Ctocfc Comes 
Down The Stairs (Rough Ttadef 
Atari CoSes, Robert Cray, 
Johnny (fopetand Showdown! 

Virgin (Capitol 

c Legend Of The Sun 
ftolENC 10489). 

At a time when the pop day Girl” 
charts are overflowing with fairer rad 
airbrushed Norwegians, di- the me! 
abotical old . has-oeens and enough tt 
their prematurely aged prog- labels vi 
eny. all of whom seem solely signature. 

Microdisney is guilty of self- 

Coughlan specializes in a 
‘brand of Catholic guilt that 
will never go out of fashion 
or lose its fascination to 
voyeurs, and if the lyrics 
don't grab you then the tunes 
almost certainly wife “Birth- 
day Girl” would be a hit in a 
fairer radio world while all 
the melodies are grand 
enough to have made major 
labels vie for the band's 

designed to appear on 
Wagon, one is forced bade on 
the reserves of the so-called 
independent scene. 

' True, fingering among the 

Great blues records haven’t 
exactly glutted the market in 
recent years either but the 
combination of Albert Col- 
lins, Robert Cray and Johnny 

dullards, are a few bands Copeland on Showdown! re- 
worth 15 minutes' cm a larger stores the dignity to the 
stage. Neither the Fender sound. 

Woodentops nor the absurd- The pleasures of Show- 

1st Half Man Half Biscuit are down! are simply felt - three 
tainted, like so many, with virtuosi with lime and good 
the feeling that they’ve suf- material to spare, flexing 
fared -for their art, and' now some gorgeously subtly one- 
it's your turn; but of all the upmanship to a muscular 
talented new lights - hiding backbeaL 
under an independent bushel Yma S umac is another 
none -is more engaging than whose idiosyncrasies can be- 


. This quirky, splenetic out- 
fit from Co Cork caused a 

come addictive. Her Legend 
Of The Son Virtia, re- 
released by Australian Cap- 

rumpus with . their self- ftol of all people, indicates a 
explanatory album We Hate genius. Ms Sumac's 

•You. South African Bastards vocal range covered a stagger- 
and while its suc cessor The jpg four octaves-and she was 

Clock Comes Down the 
Stairs is milder mannered in 
title; it. is more withering in 
intent and more acutely 
crafted than anything Sean 
O'Hagan and Cathal 
Coughlan have done before. 
Coughlan, the lyricist and 
singer, has a streak of venom 
wider . than the Irish Sea 
running through his writing. 

a cause cetebre in the 1950s. 

According to the received 
story .Ms Sumac was a 
descendant of the Inca kings, 
though she was actually a 
housewife from Los Angeles. 
Everything about her seems 
ripe for some bright record 
company to exploit. 

From her voice to her 
voluptuous figure, from her B 

Musically the band's sound, movies to her outrageously 
ra diate s from O'Hagan’s gui- kitsch covers,. Yma, or Amy 

tar, an in s trum ent of great 
expression In his hands. The 
arrangements have a hint of 
eariy Steely Dan about them 
although their effect is closer 
to a subversive Dire Straits, 
which, "is: not -to imply that. 

as her friends called her, gave 
new meaning to pop hyper- 
bole and gimmickry. She 
made Malcolm McLaren look 
like a chat show host 

David Merceris play. The 
Parachute, was performed 
memorably on television in 
the 1960s with an unusual 
cast that included John 
Osborne and Lindsay Ander- 
son. It is now revived as the 
Monday Play (Radio 4, 8J5- 

Dep ending less on action 
than the revelation of charac- 
ter and motive, and cast in 
the form of a fable, it is 
eminently suited to radio. The 
theme is die uneasy flirtation 
of the German aristocracy 
with Nazism. 

The central role of Werner 
von Reger, who breaks his 
back testing a new parachute 
for the regime, is played by 
Kenneth Branagh, who has 
been a memorable Henry V 
for the Royal Shakespeare 
Company. Jack May, Nelson 
Gabriel in The Archers, is 
Werner's father. 

The extraordinary richness 
of musical life in Paris in the 
decade after the First World 
War is the subject of The 
Harlequin Years, a 12-part 
series presented by Roger 
Nichols (Radio 3, Fri, IOJ5- 
11pm). The title is taken from 
Cocteau's manifesto. Lb Coq 
et I’Harlequin , which pro- 
vided a clarion call for the 
avant-garde of the day. 

The programmes include 
the reminiscences of 
Madelaine Milhaud, wife of 
the composer Darius Mfl- 

A story that goes 
from rags to riches 
and back to rags 

hand, the conductor Manuel 
Rosenthal and the composer 
Alexandre Tansman. Among 
the voices revived in archive 
recordings are those of Da- 
rius Milhaud and Arthur 

Englishmen (Radio 3, to- 
day. 73CWU5pm) is a 
dramatized poem by the 
South African writer. Chris- 
topher Hope, which reflects 
that country’s troubled colo- 
nial past. 

Janet Suzman and Nigel 
Hawthorne, who were both 
born in Sooth Africa, play 
two travellers, and Timothy 
West and Hugh Dickson are 
colonial officials sent out 
from from Britain to curb the 
expansionist ambitious of Sir 
Harr}' Smith, the Governor 

The occasional Radio 4 
series, Brits Abroad, contin- 
ues today (3.30-4 J5pm) with 
a look, at recent British 
emigrants to Australia. The 
exodus was particularly 
strong in the years after Suez 
and Susan Marling talks to 
Brits who fought in Vietnam, 
work for the flying doctor 
service or spend their days 
painting the Sydney Harbour 

Max Belli I Peter Waymark 


her birthday looms, bringing 
with it a customary visit 
from seven school friends. 
Only by killing them all can 
the bauer keep up the 

Michel Sena oh is stun- 
ningly convincing as the 
killer, precise in manner, 
pompous and patronizing, 
nonchalantly playing bridge 
in the cafe while all around 
him discuss the murders. 

Charles Aznavour. known 
to the English mainly as a 
singer with Gallic charm, 
shows not for the first time 
that he is an actor of 
considerable power. He plays 
the hatter’s neighbour, a 
tailor, who has worked out 
the truth and pursues the 
killer, physically and emo- 
tionally, but lacks the courage 
to tell' anyone else. 

The Harter's Ghosts, made 
in 1982. inexplicably failed to 
get a commercial showing in 
Britain, but Chabrol support- 
ers should not draw the 
conclusion that it is an 
inferior work. 

Bertrand Tavernier, who 
worked with Chabrol before 
embarking on his own direc- 
torial career, is perhaps the 
most gifted of the generation 
that followed the New Wave, 

A Kind of Loving (1962); 
Privilege (1967): Two films 
from the 1960s 
retrospective season. John 
Schissinger's A Kind of 
Loving has June R/tcbto 
trapping Alan Bates into 
marriage. Peter Watkins's 
Privilege {OA, Fri, IL20pm- 
1.10am) is dazzfing to watch - 
and wed acted, but now 
seems a lithe absurd. 

Tailor made: Charles Aznavour (top) and with 
Michel Serranlt (below) in The Hatter's Ghosts 

and there are dear affinities 
between the two. Tavernier, 
too. has paid homage to 
Simenon (in his much- 
praised film The Watch- 
maker o f St Paul). He shares 
Chabrol’s fascination with 
the bourgeoisie, and has the 
same ability to evoke a mood 
of clammy evil lurking be- 
hind benign exteriors. But he 

Ftineral in Boffin (1967): 
Archetypal Len Dsfohton spy 

sfory with Michael Caine 
(BBC1, Mon, 10.10-1 1.50pm). 

Prince of FUsea (1949): 
Extravagant performance by 
Orson Wefles as Cesaro 
Borgia in a piece of 
entertaining historical 
hokum (C4, Thurs, ZJ30- 

is difficult to label. His 
output is varied in both 
subject-matter and mood, 
defying easy categorization. 

In Coup de Torchon (1981. 
translated as Clean Slate. 
BBC2. today. 10.45pm- 
12.55am) he transports a 
thriller by American novelist 
Jim Thompson to a small 
dirty and oppressive town in 
colonial Africa. The seedy 
police chief, overwhelmed by 
the boredom and the 
pointiessness of this life, 
becomes a lawless avenging 
killer. It is farce as well as 
drama, harsh and unambigu- 
ous. Both films are shown on 
British television for the first 

Marcel Berlins 

Politics and the crusader 

With public suspicion of 
politicians bring justifiably 
refuelled by the Westland 
debacle, there comes another 
timely work of political 
fiction, Frankie and Johnnie 
(BBC2. tomorrow, 10.30pm- 

This downbeat thriller 
aims to scratch at more 
exposed nerves in the na- 
tional psyche. Frankie and 
Johnnie returns to the terri- 
tory mapped out by the 
BBC's psychologically 
disturbing Edge of Darkness, 
and the cinema release De- 
fence of the Realm. 

It also bears the director's 
credit of Martin Campbell 
responsible for Darkness, 
with a debut feature length 
script by Paula Milne. 

Frankie and Johnnie, like 
Defence of the Realm, por- 
trays a journalist as a 
crusader for truth, albeit as a 
tarnished operator in murky 
waters tainted by cynicism 
and self-censorship. 

Hvwe! Bennett is excellent 
as a scruffy, down-at-heel 


divorced, jaw-in-the-door ex- 
ile from Fleet Street who 
stumbles across deadly de- 
fence secrets and official 

Frankie and Johnnie be- 
longs to the conspiracy the- 
ory genre of politics that 
abounds in the United States. 
Public service is equated with 
deceit, principle-discarding 
hypocrisy and vaunting am- 

Betty Williams and 
Mairead Corrigan were the 
apolitical women of peace 
who symbolized the hope of 
the innocents of Ulster and 
the outside world that 
reconciliation could be 
achieved in a land cursed 
with atavistic politicians. Ten 
years on they, like the two 
communities, are not speak- 
ing to each other. The 
bitterness of cruelly dashed 
hopes spills out in First 

Tuesday (ITV, Tues. 10.30- 

For the men and women of 
Bloomsbury 3, Britain's busi- 
est ambulance station, there 
is never any peace - only 
blood, guts, infectious disease 
and lice. They pick up the 
pieces of a society that takes 
dedication, poorly rewarded 
skill and quick responses for 
granted. But one NHS cut’ 
too many means that people 
are starting to die. as the thin 
blue line is stretched beyond 
breaking point “There’s no 
tea breaks in this job”, says 
one ambulanceman in 40 
Minutes (BBC2. Thurs, 9.30- 

However, the real horror 
story of the week is to be- 
found in Horizon. Outbreak: 
The Microbe Masters the 
Mould (BBC2. Mon. 8.10- 
9pm) - a salutory lesson to 
everyone who thought the.- 
human race now had immu- 
nity from the consequences 
of infectious disease. 

Bob Williams 


P revious offers for Times 
Guernsey knitwear have 

proved very popular: both ^ w 1 

men and women appreciate the iT 

warmth, comfort and easy style tt 

it provides. 

T his classic Fisherman's 
Sweater is an attractive 
addition to our Guernsey 
range. As with our previous 
offers it is a high-quality 
garment specially made for 
Times Readers in Guernsey of 
100% pure new wool. This 
Fisherman's Sweater features a 
traditional style - deep ribbing 
on neck and cuffs, with 
patterning around the drop 
shoulders and the hem. It is 
available in a choice of 3 
colours - Navy, Oatmeal or 
Red. Tough and practical, it 
makes for ideal outdoor wear, 
yet is smart enough to wear on 
any kind of occasion. 

This classic sweater will be a 
welcome addition to any 

PRICE -£34.95 

Please note that if you prefer to 
wear this garment loose you 
should purchase a size larger 
than normal. 

The Times Guernsey 
Fisherman's Sweater Offer , 
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Kent, DAS 1BL. 

Teh Crayford (0322) 53316 
for enquiries only. 


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Pritchard celebrates his 65th 
birthday on Wednesday and 
conducts the BSC Symphony 
Orchestra in the Symphonies Nos 
I and 2 by Brahms. They perform his 
symphonies nos 3 and 4 on 
Friday. Barbican (01-628 8795). 

CHECK MATE: Michel Piccali, 
plays a warring Russian in 
Dangerous Moves (PG), a slick 
suspense drama from Switzerland 
about a titantic chess match which 
won the 1985 Oscar for best foreign 
language film. Academy One (01- 
437 2981) from Thursday. 


Gilbert, official biographer of Sir 
Winston Churchill, gives the 
definitive account of the slaughter of 
six million Jews by the Nazis in 
The Holocaust (Collins, £17.50). His 
story has been pieced together 
from diaries, notes and documents. 


SHOW GIRL: Lee Remick leads 
the cast of Stephen Sondheim's 
musical. Follies - Four Days in 
New York. The story of a reunion of 
former showgirls at their old 
theatre, it is preceded by an interview 
with Sondheim. BBC2. today, 


Barker, ’the most Jacobean of 
contemporaryplaywrights'. has 
compressed Thomas Middleton's 
tragedy. Women Beware Women, 
into one act and added his own 
continuation of the story. Royal 
Court (01-730 1745). from Thursday. 



MEMOIRS: British premiere ol 
a Neil Simon Broadway hit. 
an autobiographical comedy- 
drama serin 1937. Frances* 
de ta Tour. Harry Towb. Robert 
Gienister. Belinda Buckley. 
Steven Mackintosh: directed 
bv Michael Rudman. 

Lyttelton (01-928 2252). 
Previews Ttiurs. Frj. In 


Walker as a West Indian tailor 
with aspirations to his own 
business in Carnaby Street m 
Michael Abbensett's new 
comedy, directed by Steve 
Addison. With Allister Bam. 

Gary Beadle, Jim Findley. 

Peter HaJiiday and Marsha 

Theatre Royal, Gerry 
Raffles Square, Stratford. 
London E15 (01-534 0310). 
Preview today. Opens Mon. 


Company in Schiller's epic 
political romance, using 
Boylan's 1947 translation. 
Malcolm Edwards directs. 
Bridge Lane Theatre. 

Bridge Lane. London SW1 1 
(01-228 8828). Opens Tues. 

THE RLE: British premiere 
of a play by a long-time 
collaborator with Luis 
Buriuel, Jean-Gaude Carriere. 
Frank Cox directs Donald 
Burton and Dona Martyn (the 
latter being also translator) 
as a legal counsellor and a 
mysterious woman. 

OW Red Uon. St John 
Street. London EC1 (01-837 
7816). Opens Tues. 

Harvey Fierstem's Broadway 
hit provides a showcase for 
Antony Sher as the plucky drag 
queen and for Miriam Karlin 
and Ian Sears. 

Albery (01-836 3878). 


GLASGOW: The Spanish 
Bawd: Philip Prowse's 
predictably lurid version of 
the Rojas masterpiece has 
Robert David MacDonald 
as the cynical virgin-broker. 
Citizens. (041 429 0022). 

Final performance today. 

HULL: Blood, Sweat and 
Tears: The latest John Godber 
play focuses on judo (as Up 
n Under 1 and .? centred on 
amateur rugby) and was 
inspired by Karen Briggs, a 
locally-born world 
champion. Coming to London 
after a short tour. 

Spring Street Theatre (0482 
23635). From Tues. press night 

Brothers: A new production of 
the Willy Russell musical 
melodrama which ran 
successfully in the West 
End. Directed by Warren 

Haymarket (0533 539797). 
Opens Fri. 




Sheila Hancock and Ian 
McKellen lead one of the 
strongest casts ever seen at 
the Cottesloe in a 
distinguished production by 
Mike Alfreds, making his 
debut as an NT director. 
Cottesloe (01-928 2252). in 

JUDY: A slick, well-staged 
musical biographv of Judy 
Garland, impersonated with 
uncanny accuracy by Lesley 

Greenwich (01-858 7735L 
Until Fab 8. 

Fox and Maggie Smith lead in 
Ronald Harwood s tricky, 
atmospheric confrontation at 
the edges of the Cold War. 
Queens (01-734 1166). 

Wood's revival of Conqreve 
has Tim Curry. Michael 
Bryant. Basil Henson and Sara 

Lyttelton (01 -928 2252). In 


debuts this week at Covent 
Garden (01-240 1066). 
Fernando Buiones dances 
Colas In La Fills mal gardes 
(Mon, Wed) - his first British 
appearance in hie role, 
partnering Lesley Collier. 

Maria Almeida dances her 
First Manon (Thurs) with Jay 
Jolley and Anthony Dowell 
as Desgneux and Lescaut 

UMBRELLA: An innovation - 
seven special 

performances at the North cott 
Theatre (0392 54853). 

Mantis Dance Company (Mon, 
Tues) in Kim Buckley's 
Heartbreak Hotel and Micha 
Burgess's Stage 7. Belinda 
Neave gives a solo programme 
Wed: then Second Stride 
(Thurs, Fri) in lan Spink's new 
Bosendorfer Waltzes. 

Finally, the National Youth 
Dance Company gives a 
matinee and evening show on 
Feb 8. 


Andre Prokovsky's Nutcracker 
is given twice today at the 
Theatre Royal, Brighton (o273 
28488). then Mon to Thurs. 
with matinee Wed, at the 
Theatre Royal. Bath (0225 
65065) where Robert de 
Warren's Othello follows Fri 
and Feb 8. 


COMPANY: The Amencan 
photojournalism Alfred 
Eisensraedt. is the most 
travelled photographer in 
the world. His retrospective 
show covers the last 50 
years and presents just a few 
of the many people he has 
met. including the outrageous 
Marlene Dietrich dressed 
as a man m Berlin in 1929. 
National Theatre. South 
Bank. London SE1 (01-928 


chance to touch the exhibits in 
a “hands on" show of 
sculptures, from the second 
milienium BC to the 20th 
century. From Thurs. 

British Museum. Great 
Russell Street. London WC1 
(01-636-1555 ext 525). 


UNDERGROUND: Designs for 
the mosaics now livening 
up Tottenham Court Road 
Station, plus examples of 
other public commissions and 
recent work by Eduardo 
Paoioz 2 i. From Wed. 

Royal Academy of Arts, 
Piccadilly. London W1 (Of -734- 

JEFF LOWE: Sculpture in 
steel bv young Blackheath 
artist, nrst discovered by 
New York. From Wed. 

Nicola Jacobs Gallery. 9 
Cork Street, London W1 (01- 


THEATRE: Recognition of five 
stage works by Kandinsky, 
Kokoschka. Cocteau and 
Leger in lively show. 

Hatton Gallery, The 
University, Newcastle upon 
Tyne (0632-32811 ext 

fascination of Rome as 
portrayed by British artists 
from 1020-1980. with works by 
Moore, Hepworth, Tilson 
and Uglow. 

National Museum of Wales, 
Turner House, Plymouth Road, 
Penarth (0222-397951). 

newer, cooler VaJ Doonican for 
a newer, cooler generation. 
Mon. Manchester Apollo 
(061 273 1112): Tues. Preston 
Guildhall (0772 21 721); 

Thurs. Sheffield City Hall (0742 
735295); Fri, Leeds 
University (0532 439071} 

Wilson specializes in Porter, 
Gershwin. Sondheim and 
Rodgers and Hart.. 1 

From Mon for one month. 

The Ritz, Piccadilly, London 
W1 (01-493 8181} 

Tracey's quintet features 
Guy Barker (trumpet) and 
Jamie Talbot (saxophones). 
Human Condition is the brilliant 
duo of Django Bates 
(keyboards) and Steve 
Argue! I es (percussion), 
both members of Loose 

Wed. Tay Jazz Club. Tay 
Hotel, Dundee (0382 21641); 

Fri, Queen's Hall, 

Edinburgh (031 6682117) 

Why Arfur i 
going legit 




Polished thriller from New 
Zealand director Geoff 
Murphy, with Bruno Lawrence 
as the scientist who 
believes himself to be the last 
man alive on earth. 

Premiere, Leicester Square 
(OM37 2096), from Fn. 

Performances tonight Tues 
and Fri at 7pm of the 
Covent Garden Faust. 
conducted by Michael 
Piasson. Stuart Burrows takes 
over the title role as Luis 
Lima is ill, with Samuel Ramey 
as Mephistopheles, and, 
best of all, toe Romanian 
soprano Nelly Miricktiu as 
the Marouerife. 

Covent Garden, London 
WC2(01 2401066). 

OPERA 80: On the road 
with more performances of 
their Don Giovanni and The 
Rake's Progress. The updated • 
Giovanni plays at 
Aylesbury's Civic Centre (0296 
86009) on Mon and 
Chesterfield's Pomegranate 
Theatre (0246 32901) on 
Thurs. Richard Jones’s 
elegant well-sung 
production of the Stravinsky is 
at Bury St Edmund’s 
Theatre Royal (0284 69505) 
tonight, Aylesbury on Tues 
and Chesterfield on Fri. All 
performances start at 


MARLENE (PG): Dietrich is 
interviewed on the soundtrack, 
but the visual material of 
Maximilian Schell's eccentric 
documentary consists of 



of new annual festival in 
March/April, celebrating opera 
In classical tradition, with 
performances by Royal Opera 
and English National Opera, 
recitals at the Wigmore Hall, 
films and discussions at 
National Film Theatre. 

Details from London 
international Opera Festival. 84 
Prince of Wales Drive. 
London.SWII (01-720 7610). 

OPERA: New production at the 
Olivier in translation by 
David MacDonald: also The 
Futurists, a new play by 
Dusty Hughes at the Cottesloe. 
Both open in March. 

Booking for non-members 

from Feb 15. and personal 
booking from Feb 24. 

National Theaire. South 
Bank. London SE1 (01-928 
2252.01-928 5933 credit 


Paintings of studio models plus 
two large self-portraits. 
Finishes Fri. 

Mariborouqh Fine Art. 6 
Albemarle Street. London W1 


Manuscripts ol The Tale of Mrs 
T>ttfemouse and 7?*? Sty 
Old Cat. Finishes tomorrow. 
Victoria and Albert 
Museum. Cromwell Road. 
London SW7 (01-589 6371). 


23 <M M mm wi 

Closing Down Sale 

*‘ or *» or art « ocrrlKul prim 

Ur* canMff offer nn-Uoljng WMHtfr and ar* mMS-llou* mv-iunrnc 

0 Ciaao now »W 
1 Man taaa now r I 30 

ad “ ,0< ? now £1*48 I 

ttsovc £50. •’rtlanfMnl for J FHEE IWHfwmn, imr K'JJJrn for juv pmctw-J 

OPEN &CNOAYS 12 OO . aoopffl 

Dietrich classics.. 

Electric Screen, Portobelto 
Road (01-229 3694). From Fri. 


Carroll's original Alice, now 
aged 80, travels to New 
fork amidst painful memories. 
A novel and accomplished 
film, written by Dennis Potter. 
Curzon Mayfair (01-499 

WOMAN (15): Absorbing 
version of Manuel Puig's 
novel about a homosexual 
(William Hurt) sharing his 
cell with a political prisoner 
(Raul Julia). 

Lumiere (01-836 0691), 

Screen on toe Hill (01 -435 
3366). Gate Netting HHI(01- 
221 0220 ). 

( 18 ): Michael Cimino's 
swaggering thriller, with 
Mickey Rourke as the cop 
frying to dean up New 
York s Chinatown. 

Warner West End (01-439 


CLANNAD; Inventive Irish 
folk-rock group, now enjoying 
success with a fine new 

Toniglit. Dominion, 

Tottenham Court Road, 
Lobndon wi (01-5809562); 
tomorrow. Birmingham Odeon 
(021 643 2040): Mon. 

Demo ate, Northampton (0604 
24811); Tues, St David's 
Hail. Cardiff (0222 35900): 
Thurs, Fairfield Halls. 

Croydon (01-688 9291) 

Hickox conducts toe LSO, 
London Symphony Chorus, 
and soloists in Elgar’s Dream 
of Gerontius . 

Barbican Centre. Silk 
Street. London EC2 (01-628 
8795, credit cards, 01-638 
88911. Today, 7.46pm. 

Beethoven's Hammerklavier 
Sonata and the Swiss Book 
of Liszt's Annees de 
Pelerinage. played by 
Daniel Barenboim. Royal 
Festival Hall, South Bank. 
London SE1 (01-928 3191. 
credit cards 01-928 BB00). 
Tomorrow. 3.15pm. 

Tennstedt conducts tne LPO in 
Manfred Overture. Piano 
Concerto (soloist, Radu Lupu) 
and Symphony No.3. 

Royal Festival Hall. 

first concert of a Brahms 
series. Shoko Sugrtani 
bravely undertakes all three of 
his gigantic piano sonatas. 

Opp 1,2 and 5. 

Purcell Room, South Bank. 
London SEl (01-928 3191, 
Credit cards 01-928 8800). 


Mark Laycock, winner of last 
year's Leopold Stokowski 
Memorial Competition, 
conducts toe Pnilharmonia 
Orchestra in Mozart's Nozze di 
Figaro overture. Piano 
Concerto K488 (Donna Amato, 
soloist), and Hoist's The 
Planets, tor the last movement 
of which the Tains Choir 
joins in. 

Royal Festival Hali.Tues. 

Royal Fa 

outstanding pianist. Hamish 
Milne plays Schumann s 
Papiilons and Sonata Op.1 1, 
together with rarehes by 
Tchaikovsky and Medtner. 
Wigmore Hail. Thurs. 7.30pm. 

For ticket avaBabiUty. 
performance and opening 
times, telephone the 
numbers listed. 
Theatre: Tony Patrick and 
Martin Cropper; Galleries: 
Sarah Jane Cbecldand; 
Photography: Michael 
Young; Dance: John 
Perdmu; Ffhns: Geoff 
Brown; Concerts Max 
Harrison; Sock & Jazz: 
Richard WflUuns; Opera: 
Hilary Finch: Bookings: 

George Cote puts on a brown 
suede coat with shaggy fur 
collar to drive the Jag to the 
station, but no haL Artur's 
invariable trilby was nowhere 
to be seen, indoors or out. 

“Funny how these things 
start", says Cote, purring 
smoothly through the woods 
above Henley-on-Thames. 
“Everyone used to remark 
how 1 always had my hat on. 
The truth is. never wearing 
one myself. I’d forgotten it 
was there, so I never took it 
off.” He flicked the ash off a 
thin cigar. Now cigars are 

His well-modulated tones 
would come as a surprise to 
Minder fans who believe that 
Cole is indistinguishable 
from Arthur Daley. Tele- 
vision finally laid the charac- 
ter to rest after five years and 
65 episodes and a place in the 
nation's mythology that led 
one magazine to headline his 
Iasi appearance “Morte 

Ji is time for another 
George Cole to emerge and 
be is about to do so, on stage 
for a change, as a 70-year-old 
inmate of an old folks’ rest 
home in the play A Month of 
Sundays by Bob Larbey (best 
known for A Fine Romance 
on television). 

The real George Cole can 
be found only after diligent 
tracking along unmarked and 
unmade roads through the 
Oxfordshire beech woods. 
His 1950s house stands 
inconspicuously in a clearing. 
He bought the clearing soon 
after the war when it had 
been refused planning per- 
mission and looked like 
supporting nothing but 
bracken for the rest of time. 
But persistence paid off and 
he hasn't moved for 31 years. 
The house where he lives 
with his second wife. Penny 
MorelL and tbeir two teenage 
children, is comfortably 
crowded with books. log fire, 
dog. cat and goldfish with a 
swimming pool alongside. He 
hates holidays and only 
leaves home to go foraging 
for parts when absolutely 
necessary. ‘"Doing nothing is 
something I like very much". 

George Cole has 
slipped his Minder 
and is back in the 
West End — in an 
old folks’ home 

the extent of playing Gilbert’s 
Major-General in Pirates of 
Penzance. But every time he 
broke out they did another 
series of Minder and he was 
back with lines like “The 
world is your lobster, my 

He admits that Arfur. in a 
way. summed up all the 
small-time crooks he has 
been playing most of his 
professional life. “Mr George 
Cole”, ran The Times, “who 
invariably makes a hash of 
whatever criminal business 
he is cooking up, has his 
moments.” That was not last 
year but in 1959. dealing with 
one of those arch British film 
comedies of the period. 

It was the era of Flash 
Hany. he of the spiwy walk 
who preyed on the girls of St 
Trinian's . “I always felt 
Flash Harry was a caricature 
but Arfur - well. \ think 
there’s a few of him about." 

A naturally croaked smile 
was nature's gift to Cole as a 
character actor. He embel- 
lished it, with all the artifice 
he absorbed from his mentor 
— the late, great Alastair Sim 

Doing nothing Is 
something I like 

he says a little defiantly. “I’ve 
never been ambitious." 

In recent years he has tried 
to broaden his image, even to 

— to project a combinaton of 
shiftiness, wariness, duplicity 
and high anxiety. When he 
joined the cast o’f Cottage to 
Let as a cockney evacuee. 
Sim. who was starring in it. 
took him up. Cole was only 
15. “I had a Tooting accent 
which he just couldn’t 

He had left home at 14 to 
join a touring production of 
White Horse Inn as an 
understudy. After war broke 
out he went to s».n with 
Alastair Sim and ». a wife. 
Naomi, as a real evacuee 
while playing the part of one 
at night. The Professor Hig- 
gins in Sim saw young Cole 

as a challenge. Before turning 
actor at 30, Sim had been a 
phoneticist who taught Scot- 
tish ministers how to speak 

“Luckily I didn't forget my 
accent altogether. But when I 
staned Minder I half ex- 
pected there to be a boll of 

lightning, a few slates 
knocked off the roof and that 
voice intoning: 'This is not 
the kind of thing I trained 
you fori' But Naomi assures 
me that Alastair would have 
like Arfur. He played enough 
amusing rogues himself." 

Though he is glad it is over 
now. Cole admits that, 
thanks to the brilliance of 
Leon Griffiths's writing. 
Arfur was the most enjoyable 
character he has. had to create 
- “such a snob, such a 
dreamer — of course, it was 
essential that he never got 
away with it". 

The problem of all tele- 
vision characters who be- 
come national figures is to 
get out before you lose your 
own identity. One way, he 
says, is to appear as the 
obedient conformist of the 
Socialist state. Comrade Dad. 
in his new television series. 

Another is to play this old 
man of 70 “who is bright as a 
button mentally but can 
hardly move. He resents 
them treating him as a child 
or an idiot and he hates the 
monthly visits from his 
relatives on Sundays. They 
are only visiting him out of 

For an actor who happened 
upon his career by reading a 1 
small advertisement in one of 
the evening newspapers he 
was delivering ("Boy wanted 
for musical comedy") he 
seems to have enjoyed almost 
every minute of it. “Even 
when I was out of work for 
months, it never occurred to 
me to try another job." 

Busier than ever at 60. he 
is undaunted by the likeli- 
hood that his huge following 
will keep him at the Duchess 
Theatre for some time. Not 
for him the usual distaste fe- 
lting runs. “Lovelv". h e 
says. “if it happens." 

Peter Lewis 

^ Sundays opens 


KING MAKER: John Hurt, who 
has established himself as one of our 
most sensitive actors, plays 
Shakespeare’s Richard li in a new 
stereo production. Harry Andrews 
is John of Gaunt and David Suchet 
Bolingbroke. Radio 3. tomorrow, 

I arts DIARY 


Bernard Miles's pride and 
joy. the Mermaid Theatre at 
Blackfriars. may disappear 
forever to be redeveloped as 

Lord Miles founded the 
Mermaid in the 1 950s but 
sold out to Abdul 
Shamji. whose company 
Goraba Holdings' excesses 
helped precipitate the John- 
son Matihey affair. Two 
other London. theatres owned v 
by Gomba, the Duchess and 
the Garrick, have already 
Men sold off but because of 
the complexities surrounding 
! the Mermaid's ownership. 
i the Thameside theatre is still 
running. But not for much 
longer, if certain forces 
within the Corporation of the 
City of London have their 
way. They argue that they 
supported Miles as a personal 
favour but owe nothing to 
the string of hopefuls lining 
up to buy the theatre. At an\ 
evenL they say. the City now 
has the Barbican as its artistic 
liability. What the City needs 
is more offices, not more art 

Some you win • 

Faye Dunaway v.ill star in 
the Hampstead Theatre 
Club's production of Circe 
and Bravo as I revealed some 
weeks ago, but it was a close- 
run thing. The argumentative 
film star first would not sign 
with producer Duncan 
Weldon unless there was a 
guarantee of a West End 
transfer. That was arranged. 
Then she wanted the film 
rights - American writer 
Donald Freed had hoped for 
someone with a bit more 
box-office appeal, Jane Fonda 
say, to play the part. Ouch! 

Kindest cuts? 

The short reign of Jocelyn "1 4 
don’t bite carpets any more" 
Stevens as Rector of the 
Royal College of Art has been 
bracing, to say the leasL By 
the start of the next academic 
year no less than 12 pro les- 
sors will have been replaced. 
"Those of the siatT who'se 
survived are pleased with 
him", says a sardonic insider, 
but in truth they have lime to 
complain abouL Stevens’s 
swashbuckling style has 
meant that the RCA is the 
only an college in the 
country to have fought oft 
swingeing grant cuts. 


Culture club 

Oh for the optimism ot 
Quentin Bell and Sir Hugh jl. 
Casson ! Shortly this genial 
pair of ancients fly out to 
Dallas in search of cultured 
folk and £250.000 to help 

Bell and Sir Hugh Casson 

preserve Charleston, the fa- > 

Rinl c ° un,r V home of the *' 
Bloomsbury group in Sussex, 
t assort stoutly defends the 
notion of culture in Dallas. 

1 t n0u lhc >’ a 

Left Bank there 7~ he asks. "I 

sWFisar i°- " bui 1 

Just the ticket 

Rn«L! h £ t0 P 35 usual. Ken 

TtSm n h? - ?*t n blastin S off ff 
Jboui British Film Year "I 

may as well be dead ', he 

or^anV rL ' fe ™ ng - 10 his ,3ck 
oi participation. Obviously I 

oo noi exist." On the 
Ken. BFY officials 

ect \^ L !7 r>m& ,or a yw 10 
Here'* J? g0 10 southing- 

a nim rw'°t U - can 1 P 045 U P : 
Southe r 9 ' ir1 }our naiiw 

dHgF®=s ' 

licUic ' * nais , wore, the 

more hi -° n ,hc wa >- No 

0rt Seating. pj eaS e. 

Theatre (01-836 8342) | 

i ISO 

* i * 3m t &i ayra uj -4 »jiv*a a5 

hnance and industry 

By Patience Wbeaicroft 

Extel Group, the new* computer expert and chair- 
agency and printing group, man of Finlan Group, and 
has received a unique take- Mr Peter Hart, who Iasi year 
over bid from a previously set up his own corporate 
unheard of company. finance business Ifincorp 

finance business 

Executive Editor Kenneth fum* 

The Bank of England 

f»Apv i -| •. The bidder, to be known as Earl Their bidding vehicle, 

I CM I 111 M O I PAt*T AA Demerger' Corporation, in- Demerger Corporation, has 

XXV-ri III I NC I V I i tends splitting Extd hrto its yet to be incorporated, but 

constituent divisions and tak- they say the shareholders will 
The gilts market rlnovi ,. ing a 15 per oent stake in the include a consortium of 

for the weplrpnri ye v er .y amount would otherwise become information services division international institutional 

contemDlaiive ^ 5 e tra ? ers m loo expensive and rather than lose which it sees as having great investors, 

time heinfr C w°°^- Hoi Jf f or lhc Ihe stimulus to the Stock Exchange growth potential _ They say th at their bid for 

SSL-™ 8 **** tnumphed over provided by new iss^^f Apart from a liw ant fetel represents only the 

^In^e^fhoe of a barrage of relatively tSZStt&lZ ^^5^^ 

si ? n3ls from. the Bank of orojSte l ^ 

Unknown company makes 
no-cash bid for Extel 

Offer for 
Yarrow up 

nominal of 7 per cent 
unsecured loan stock guar- 
anteed by New DMC. 

. Weir has made an irt- 
per cent creased and final offer for all 
jjjk guar- fee issued share capital of 
.T" «■ Yanow which it does not 

Mr Peter Earl ^ the offer wS 

be is making io shareholders sharcs pIuS 460p in cash or 
*® g^togthem a chance to | oan noles ^ issued for 
benefit from the enhanced A ^- rv Y »rm«i Th* in- 

loan notes will be issued for 
every two Yarrow. The in- 

growth opportunities that he crt3sed offer plac ^ a ^ 
beheves a demerged Brtd mum current value of 5I3p 

• v ‘ V : '1 

will have. He and Mr Rhode 
insist that the advent of big 

on each Yarrow share. 
Accepting Yarrow 

bang in the Ciiy and the shareholders can now elect to 
rapid changes u Beet Street ««» w« r 

receive additional new Weir 

-- - __ . mean that the ifcinand for shares in place of some or all 

Apart from a 1 per cent Extel represents only the ‘‘'.Vyjfe • Sm% information services which of cash to which they 

shareholding which it has second attempt in this coun- Mzm make the most of new cnrilled under the 

buih up in Extd, the bidders try to carry out a true - Mp ** technology will be enormous, ierms 0 r *u c j ncreasa i 

do not intend potting up any demerger since 1980 when the X Extd * well known for its 2g|: orvirev^a! 

cash for their novel takeover then Chancellor of the Ex- Demerger financial information services Portions for shares or cash 

bid. chequer, Sir Geoffrey Howe, dements for each Extel share: but the bidders believe that u- aiinraied on the basis 

Extd is capitalised at £163 brought forward changes in two shares in a new com- they can make Extd more of lhe dosing mice for Weir 

million: the bidders claim the tax structure to encourage pany. New Demerger competitive against systems or(1 ; miv sh^es on the dav 

thezr offer values the com- large companies to demerge Corporation, which win hold such as Daiasiream and ft,- increased offer is 

pany at £173 million. Last and become more efficient, the key information business - Reuters. To help them do declared unconditional 

night Mr Alan Brooker, the The first demerger was of the company, one share in this they have as a non- The j ncrease< j 0 ff CT places 

chairman of Extel was totally Trafalgar House's floating off each of the four new compa- executive director, Mr James a m ; n i muin value on the 

dismissive of the bid. “This of Fleet Holdings, a move nies which wiU be established Adams, assistant editor of the whole 0 f ^ 

The m «xl of rights are currently enshrined in 
?“ •eS'S^'ion- But some sort of com- 
f the ***!, b^wether promise has to be made. 

££ <£nt 'hxn n ^.,?' ta 2j reas j 1 ?' 10 proposals would, however, 

per cent 2003 Jn its partly paid form, tend to favour institutional i nv <>ctn n 

pany at £173 million. Last and become more efficient, the key information business Reuters. To help them do 
night Mr Alan Brooker, the The first demerger was of the company, one share in this they have as a non- 
chairman of Extel was totally Trafalgar House's floating off each of the four new compa- executive director, Mr James 

tuuuuu, uic new ex-tap Treasury 10 The nmnosalc wrmlri cnamnan oi fcxiej, was totally i raaigar nouse s tioatmg on eacn or me tour new compa- executive director, mt James 

percent 2003 Jn its partly paid form to dismissive of the bid. “This of Fleet Holdings, a move nies which will be established Adams, assistant editor of the whrt . e of the issued share 

the Stock ended the dav at £35 7/8 rL Q ^ r T^ tltutIoaaI inv est ors, - a the junldest of junk bond which rapidly enhanced the for each of Extel's remaining Sunday Times, who has been Q r Yarrow of £20 5 

per cent offered ™! i/XrJiit -? en I- beIl ^ Ves 5011 of issues the market has yet value of the two companies divisions - priming, very involved with introduc- SSlfon 

better on the dTy. 7 ^ ^ to shareholder ays Mr fail advertidog and public rdb- '^“ol^y to the yarrow directors imntcdi- 

Etid the ^nV nf c 1 . ^ Introduced. They are after a II the 

m irIStr ie * B »Li 0f E PS^ a P d SCD( i ihe pnnapal mechanism for maintaining 
markets a subtie apial over the a sensitive mice- ^ 

Treasury btll tender? In contrast to Small companies cannot rely on 
teg week when the T-bill tender, like such safeguards. Mr Perry believes 
suspended, albeit for a they will have-to join forces if they 
snorter time, the Bank actually are to retain the advantages of listed 
assented this week to the offers for companies. - 

The people behind the bid Demerger’s offer to Extel lions, publishing and com- newspaper. The fourth direc- ale | v ^ new 0 fl- CT 35 

are Mr Michael Rhode, a shareholders contains three puter systems: and 205p tor is Mr Colin Moynihan. inadequate, saying that it 

valued the company at only 
8.9 times Iasi year's earnings. 

The*acrepted rate i was? UL0967 per The doubtful benefit 

cent, a fraction below the level of a nf fav r*raA%tc 
fortnight ago and 1/64 point below UA u ^ WCUila 
existing intervention levels. Does this The trouble with tax. credit schemes, 
mean that base rates next week, ter so long proposed as the answer to the 

from rising to 14 per cent or more, 
may fall? 

Unlikely, growled the traders. The 
Bank has merely made it clear that it 

trap that discourages people 

Solution to tin crisis looks 
closer as talks adjourn 

By Michael Prest. Financial Correspondent 

The first formal negotiations wards financing Newco, the and brokers’ offer had been 

between the International Tin company proposed by Mr made only because the coun- 

Council and its bank and Peter Graham, senior deputy cil has delayed a solution | The state-owned National 

I broker creditors adjourned chairman of Standard Char- unduly, 
yesterday amid signs < that tered Bank, and Mr Ralph the JTCs 

offer is 
to £34m 

By Cliff Fettham 

Low response 

Burnett and Hallamshire's 
offer of 120.88 million shares 
was taken up for 1.05 million 

■- unduly. 

Girobank is on coarse to meet 

irom seeking employment, is thrn ley Breweri^rt» reised bd£ icSmbSS. JK. £ JSLJS lH 

they cost too much. That is why all takeover offa- for its ^ to resofte the thrS tor of Gerald Metals, as the “LSrTiJ" o£S- 7A 

attempts at thoroughgoing reform of Midlands nvg, Davenports mon ih-otd tin crisis. vehicle for disposing of the Stvear lh M itcouW no bSTit made pretax profits of 

th. i Brewerv. to £34.5 million. rrr> tin mntnrtc onrf 1231 7®“ 11181 11 001110 n0 ST-TL 

is only prepared to accept tender the benefit system have long been I Brewery, to£ 34.5 million. Participants in the meeting ITCs tin contracts and ] 0ne ^mnijort the tin nriee it £83 million compared with 
fi>, tun. u :.\1 J J xJ. ,1.. I Davennorts' shareholders rr/~ longer support tne un price it 

offers for bills in line with existing 
rates. ' Much the same Bna of 
argument can be applied to the tactics 
employed by the Bank in the money 
markets, where a relatively large 
shortage of £900 million was forecast 
When, in the past, the authorities 
have wanted to give markets a dear 
signal over rate trends they have 
called for an early round of offers and 
taken the shortages out immediately. 
Yesterday, however, the Bank only 

existing abandoned $ the trform^ ofSJ ^ ^ „■ u deSTof = 

ine of present Government Bat need this I 2CCC P led *** P™ 01 ?* 0 of * This aibj«i could come up £9QQ p orwar< j con- The profit would have been 

nal. Economic Affairs, ofers a way I Charles Tidbury:^ tight trading. 

acting £l00milbon from each of the The prinriifle behind the 

‘ Professor Tom Kronsj5, of the an< ^ trust in us.” At the same time the producer and consumer Newco plan was that the _ . 

Univerritv of Birmineham, wants the ^Tbe Wolvahampton and London Metal Exchange, groups on the ITC Newco’s buffer stock operations would KYDOrt COSTS 

ta- tn cnnfpwKat l<»«c thaw Dudley offer is again con- which had set the end of the total capitalization would be be wound up and tin stocks ^ \ . __ 

£trSf£JS ditiona 1 on obtaining a nrontiils 4edie for £320 ntillion. sold in sue* a way as to Dewhurst and Partner ex- 
half the level of the present benefits recommendation from the resuming tin trading, agreed Last night bank and broker prevent a disastrous collapse .. to IIM T ur additional 

an ^ a ^°[ wances they would replace. Davenports’ board or the at a meeting of its board and sources were adamant that of tin prices. Tin fetched expenditure in broadening 

That ic imt cn harsh as ft wtrtc r. . .. . .« u ro ma • l - — — pvnnrt tnaHfrts trie chair- 

That is hot so harsh as it seems I Baron Davenport’s 

* J - J ..t 4.1 - 1 I rw- • » . *1 ■ _ 

assisted the market to the tune of provided you make the critical I Trust which holds a vital 2 

poo :ii: ■ ■ j r ... .. . . « r I . i- -i._ 

£138 million in the early round. 

assumption that there are plenty of I per cent of the shares. 

if ««AA«dA OVtt irnllvvMf ■ The trustees had asked for 

leaving the market to stew for the rest jobs around if people are willing to 
of the day by which’ time a further do them for low enough wages. For 
£754 million of assistance had been the present unemployed would not 
forthcoming. Overnight rales in the need to take temfically financially 
process had flipped up by some ft rewarding jobs to make up the loss of 

committee that the suspen- they would sot put up more £8.140 a tonne when trading export markets, the chair- 
sion should remain in force than the £70 million they was suspended on the LME. f nao ’. Mr A. Dewhuret, says 
until the end of next week, originally offered- They be- Newco is based on holding m 1115 annual statement 

j Uua oiuuuu xi «« ... & w But metal brokers raid last hevc that it is unreasonable the price at £6,000, but 

do thfrm for low enough wages. For more hme to consider ^ that the ITC had not of the ITC to expect them to analysts believe that it would TV>|p ra pr 

the present unemplovSl woSd not Wolverhampton and indicated how much it was fond any of the council’s fall to £4,000 if not kept off b cl uaic 

Tieftd^th takp tmrfirillv financiallv Dutfle y’ s oripnal ofe; and prepared to contribate to- debts, and that the bankers' the market The international opera- 

D “r..i- -1L y they now have until February ' tions of Nabisco and Dei 

7 to make op their minds . A J T_ Ti • 11 XT ■*- 1 Monte wffi merge on Monday 

benefit On Professor Kromnds . Woiverhamoton and Dud- Avnan rn miir « i«iAnrl Iv Ma ~ ... 

to maxe op mar minus. k -- . -■ -w— . • n tt a 1 

% Arden to buy Friendly Hotels 

point to 12 3/4 pa- cent, but the of- benefit. On Professor KronsjO’s . Wolverhampton and Dud- 
ficial line seems likely to be that yes- calculations, for instance, a single fey says that its latest offer, 
terday was a perfectly conventional . man would need a gross wage of only worth 425p a share, is 59 per 
day in the markets, with spirited £29 per week to make up the cent above the pre-bid 
intervention taking place as, cut this .. difference. . . . speculation price of 267p ami 

basis, a slight rise in money jates car- Soeh A tax credit system could cost •» j.::?* 

ries no significance at aJL And,r-ff m r ’ fitfle^or nothing more than the 

the eyes of the market it did, then its present benefit structure (between £48 sh^es^^ioan aoSfSr 
import is neatly cancelled by the rates million and £50 million per year) in 20 Davenport shares or 
on the Treasury WU* tender. v ' • the first year. Professor Kronsjo an alternative of 415p in 

Tj:_ Konrr +V»rAotnt>c 1 ca lc u lat e s that ;it will lead to cash. It represents an exit 
Dig Udllg ilU CalClla progressive savings as the un- juice earnings ratio of 30 

i>A«vmonioc i ; employed take up the new low-paid times. LUmUdlUCo .. jobs and cure the unemployment Mr Tidbury said yesterday . . .. , . _ 

„. . t aknnt fciir that he had been caught on Cobden. and because companies are mainly bckl 75 per cent stake in Care 

Big bang raises just as many new proWem ^thin a bo ut years. ^ hop ^ ^ ^ ^ Friendly Hotels is bene- by executive directors who Comfort Homes, which 

problems for listed companies as for. _ But is the assumpnon that enough he toki bis sharebokJers to do ficially owned by Mr Henry will continue to be actively incurred minimal sundry 

investors. Small companies are in a jobs are . mere reany true? The nothing. He urged them to Edwards, the chairman and involved. peases, but otherwise 

particularly invidious position, as the : professor relies on what amounts to share in his conroanYs chief executive of Arden and From its incorporation on remained dormant 

r .. r- j : v * « 17 . - . „ r m ioba 1 * 

following the acquisition by 
RJ. Reynolds Industries of 
Nabisco last September. 

£29 per week to up the cent above the pre-bid Arden and Cobden Hotels bolding in French Franks, fore tax of £5,489. 

diffem nrfL speculation price of 267p and has entered into a conditional which operates four quick The remaining 40 per cent T\ n ll l»nlf 

n tH /-nvtir wc/«t 1 mnlrf is “irreSastiWa^-'-' . ■> * agreement to acquire, for a service restaurants in central of the issued share capital of U1U1 Hall 

'irtjEPw nntfiTruT-'^^rr The. fiifl tenM ire 14 nominal price, the whole of London and is planning French Franks is owned by D .. . . . _ 

, in01 ^ _ l tban *5® Wolverhampton and Dudley the issued share capital of further expansion; and a 60 Mr SJ. Landau (20 per cent) ^9JJjT J”**® 1 *^ 

be ^ l c? n, ^ rC ^ >etween shares and loan stock for Friendly Hotels, a bolding per cent bolding in Cbm- and Mr F.N. Boltman (20 per lo “ *“ 

milli on and £50 million per year) in every 20 Davenport shares or company with interests prehensive Resources, which cent), who together with Mr 9* 0 ? luf 

<i.» fz~*+ D~.c»cn. VmnMM * .. ... • — i : j i___ _ .. .. in 1 t 1 return to proniaoimy in me 

employed take up the new low-paid I times, 
jobs and one the unemployment I Mr 

Mr J.F. Nash, says in his 

investors. Small companies are in a jobs are. there really true? The nothing He urged tl 
particularly invidious position, as the ' professor relies on what amounts to share in his con 
cost of dealing in their shares is likely Say’s IAw of Labour: that a supply at “substantial recovery" 

to rise. Colin Perry, who, as chairman 
of Birmingham Mint which has a 
market capitalisation of £7.5 millimi, 
has a special interest in these things, 
believes there is a serious risk of the 
market in shares of. small companies 
becoming unsustainable. 

a reasonable price would stimulate its : But, despite being urged by proval will be sought. _ 

own demand. ' He also that one shareholder to ray more Friendly Hotels has two Friendly Hotels made an and operate residential and investment and investment 

emolovers Would abandon labour- about the recovery, Mr main interests: a 60 per cent audited consolidated loss be- nursing homes for the elderiy I management 
saving capital investment on a large Tidbury said be was on^te ___ ~ ~ 2 ^ ^ ~ m 

tssssa Takeovers and bid speculation 

view. Even m the days of slavery, that Davenports should re- * 

inasters sometimes found that jobs main independent. I dj* T| ~ B _ __ j __ 

did hot have enough economic value Mr Tidbury said that the T fl H I C I ^ATl C vl Q 1*0 pD ¥*1 GDC 

to keep their slaves alive. Moreover, board had no idea why the J. 1*. l/llfal Lrra. Ivv M. liJviJ 

it is inevitable that, even if all these charitabte tmst had sold a _ . .. _ 

new jobs were different from those Alison Eadie 

presently occupied by other people at 1? Th^ stock market raced jump in pretax profits to respectable start on the un- dimbed 2 Op to 465p and 

much higher wages, the general level I ru T,„ I P t TV° ahead to new heights this £137 million in 1984-5 listed securities market, even Clement Clark added 15p at 

Cobden, shareholders’ ap- December 20, 1984, until 

volvetL peases, but otherwise has 

From its incorporation on remained dormant 

New look 

mained dormant. London Securities has be- 

lt is intended that Care and gun streamlining into iwo 

December 31 last year. Comfort Homes will acquire I divisions covering property 

beheves there is a serious risk of the scale if cheap labour were available. ^ ESSSJ iTtee 

market in shares of. small companies History sadly does not support that ^ ^ dinged mind 
becoming unsustainable. view. Even in the days of slavery, that Davenports should re 

The posted share price would have masters sometimes found that jobs main independent 
no more or less validity for small did not have enough economic value Mr Tidbury said that the 
listed com pani es than it does now for to keep their slaves alive. Moreover, board had no idea why the 
enmnanies whose shares are dealt in it is inevitable that, even if aQ these charitable tnist had sold a 
^ ESed bargains in the over the new jobs were, different from those •*~SS^'E*£El 

listed com pani es than it does now for to keep their slaves alive. Moreover, board had no idea why the 

enmnanies whose shares are dealt in it is inevitable that, even if aQ these charitable tnist had sold a 

via matched bargains in the over the new jobs were different from those 2J bS whhhSri k °TnS«SSt 

counter market Their status would presently occupied by other people at - - 

be roughly comparable. much higher wages, the general level h?*** elad that the 10 new bei 8&ts this £137 million in 

£ agrees with the of wages would be cut dramatically a i 4 P W. 

Stock released by competition from the tax-credited “ d of mm ^ ^ *«* 10 4941 

on Thursday, for raising the limit on cheap labour. That would remove 

by competition tan the tax-credite* 

cheap labour. That would remove ing firm in ymafl breweries’]. ' IO CO - Iueuin 8 

in the though half the shares were I68p. 

p« fere tSecucnit tevelof O most oftte ereptoyert mcentiveto . « ^ehoWer <*%£? malmAAmaiaD ^^5027 “““"'“ S“^"pSl ” “ “Sew^ 

million to £25 million. The idea is -raise productivity, which is the Icanrat sec how I ran f or blue chip stocks W H Smith also produced Helicopter manufacturer y^t by s 

that full offers for sale of less than mainspring of higher living Standa r ds, support toe ooara . z neiamsi strcM| g > Oil and currency excellent interim figures and Westland produced a flurry f or 

oner 15 100 2000 w rcnJse - uncertainties put a brake on raw its share price advance of excitement after Lloyds seemity, wi 



the share price advance 
midweek, but the effect was 

>f more bids share price to 494p. Bid left with the underwriters. ' Reports of a 
strong share hopes then revived yesterday The shares opened at the Britvk/Canada Dry merger 
and pushed the shares even offer price of 140p and hit lifted Bass lOp to 655p. 
id American higher to 502p. 144p at one point. Elsewhere, the company 

chip stocks W H Smith also produced Helicopter manufacturer visit by stockbrokers was 
ind currency excellent interim figures and Westland produced a flurry f or 2 Op on Auto 

a brake on raw its share price advance of excitement after Lloyds Security, with Auto Products 
x advance 40p over four days to dose Merchant Bank made a adding lOp to 1 91 p in 
e effect was on Thursday at 280p. tender offer for up to 12.63 sympathy. 


Retailers were popular million shares at 130p. The 

Period rates tended to go a noted at amend 12 per cent. I pinner oil prices and a most of the week on steady news pushed the shares 25p L’ojnm ent on v^ilts hfted 

shade firmer, partly r^erttog Adiy ity m te e periods was stronger pound towards the demand. Wooiwortfe gained 
a more wary ^yproa ai as tne B^rt, in terest laigety eon- of the week kept prices ground to 468p and Habitat 
o3 price slipped to front ot cemrated on me short dates ntina and hopes of cuts in Mothercare and Barton were 

higher to dose at 128p on Domino Printing 30p to 305p 
W^nesday. while investment demand 

while investment demand 

ofi price slipped m nun m mnacu an « sw« ««» rising and hopes of cuts in Mothercare and Barton were Hambros shot up on the * !6p fiflip to Fegla r 
Monday’s crmaal Opec meet- Business m Ib&s ww torgo 1 us interest rales also sup- strong. Lee Cooper raced announcement that main Hatteroetey at 36_p. Bairstow 

thTjananese discount after a toll below 192 to the I tog and partly fee response to than on most days this week, ported the market ahead to 220p, for a two-day shareholder Hambro Trust J^ P? 1 on 19 P 10 339 P ,n 

the Japanese aac<nua ^ .. . «. — ■ uxpearire funding across fee though only becau se of fe e The FT oixfcnary share rise of 20p. The shares have had deckled to sell out sympafy- 

nM-mwhfle. held snarkimt suggestions that weekend. . heavier figure for matmities iodex reached record levels come up from 140p so &r through 

frmit of Monday’s there is scope for a further Wife a £950 mSBm s hort- yesterday. These teve not yesterday, dosing up 4.8 at a this year, reflecting takeover limited vi 

Bp Tt of Opec rednetion m Japanese mterest age feat the anfeorities iwre been fo% re^Ked by new dosing bigh of 11612, speculation and hopes of bros jurat 

nj-s. trading diffimh to bodge. The nneasy caha persisted compared with the previous expansion moves. the news 

terms, trains Even fennel there was stffi. weekend money nwtd u p to m the money markets m fee dosing record at 1 149.6 on Golds made a strong Start gained 2 

talk «f a cat h fee US 13 >2-*4 per cwt from early monfeg wife pmod rates January 3. to the week fonowing the sympathy, 

for most m ™ j J ®* 1 rate, fee dollar 13-J2P4 per cent Ho«s lave heidtog vonnd overnight po- Actual bids included the £1 sharp rise in the bullion price Yes ter 

Wife a £950 mSBon short- 
age feat fee anfeorities were 
frading -diflScnfr to badge. 

wine op from 140p so for through enfranchising the P™** ,®y el 

UlUbJ, 1UWM1 “K *•««* O rirrurrciz WmmI DomImii 

yesterday, dosing up 4.8 at a this year, reflecting takeover limited voting shares. Ham- prog*«s Doosiea negairau 

new dosing high of 11612, speculation and hopes of bras jumped 35p to 200p on PP to 

comoared with the previous expansion moves. the news and Hambro Trust Among inrarances Abbey 

for most of fee day jost ^ fee dollar | 13-12>4 per c«t Hon ras nave hyag anuma , . 

^rMMri^ed OB 1 - frwhod fnm 23800 to j not done mack a secured smons ahead of Monday s billion meiger between Scot- 
2 ^agfe»t the mark. I- money, feongh some was emdal Opec talks. I rirf, Coats 

Actual bids included ihe £1 

expansion moves. the news ana Hammo trust Among auucj 

Golds rnyk* a strong start gained 3 1 p to 2J8p in life, ahead of Ihe investment 

to the week following the sympathy. seminar next week, put on 

sharo rise in fee bullion price Yesterday Hambros I6p at 217p. 

to $361 at one stage last continued to rise adding News that litigation had 



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tish textile companies Coats Monday. The FT gold mine another I2p to 213p. Hambro been dropped put I Op on 

Patws and Dawson Inter- index rose 29.5 points to 357, Trust advanced a further 25p London and Northern at 7lp. 

iqrinMl, an agreed £98.4 but eased back ahead of to 243p. 

million offer for Automotive yesterday’s speech by Presi- Bowater added on I Op to TVyfAiiAnnfiln 

g ! mt" 69^1 Products by the BRA group, dent Botha of South Africa. 298p on excitement following 1YJL vi villi lilt 

33 -* 29* 28*73 the dutch and brake linings A short-lived rally on fee announcment feat Han- r • J* •* 

M4 9-2 S3 37 356 concern, and a £173 million Thursday was not sustained son -Tmst had increased its {ifllflf nillfC 

,2 •-V bid for Extd by DMC a new and golds eased $2 to $4 stake to IU per cent VU1V1 „ 

» tl company. yesterday. Imperial Group, on the The Mercantile House 

ag • j. Extel shares shot up to Oils were mixed, following receiving end of a £1.8 billion board has announced that, 

ne +i 33 uii 403p on the bid announce- the fortunes of crude oil tod from Hanson Trust, lost due to a disagreement on 

m -V “ill sll ment, a rue of 234p, before prices. Modest gains at the 5p to 245p a? reports that the future strategy, Mr Midiael 

S • 22 §S SI coming back to 3S5p. start of fee week gave way to bid would be referred to the Todhuuter hasresigned from 

iS 2 : il Si Si main hi* mmn.rr concern midweek when Monopolies Commission the board of Menanule 

» *7 Sa rp-t—A nn ip* offrrinB « North Sea oil crude mires gained credence in the mar- House, Alexanders Laing and 

gg“ £. I BLriS^iS slipped to under $18 a barrel bk Cruickshank Holdings and 

hSfe a^hwSd’pro^ Prices finned again, but A higher offer from Alexanders Laing and 

finished the week on an Wolverhampton and Dudley Cruickshank. 

R«5ham rienifri the iti mskt note as erode prices Breweries boosted Davenport Mr Todhunter has also 
mmSbmttesSk market «»* worries to 4 lOp, up 35p. Yarrow was resigned his positioa as chief 

noS^and its surfaced ahead of fee Opec similarly helped on hopes of executive of Alexanders Dis- 
- «Mt uo^ofetf Ite meeting. BP and SheU ended a higher bid from Weir count but will continue to be 

I fee week little changed. Group. Its shares gained 13p an execuuve director until 

IcfSd fro^fee 2 P to 56P 00 10 593 P- v «sp« in contrast j^ril 30. when he will 

mSSf «Sd fe m S news that ERIC, the British fell 33p to 192p on news that become a non-executive 

ricino tn ktOn at nrw company with US in- its Singapore subsidiary was director. Mr R. Moser has 
finner. rang lo 810p jiok has mm its near! i tn belmuDd iro. become chief executive of 


38 41374 
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health and household prod- 
ucts group. 

Benfeam denied fee iti- 
mours but the stock market 

1CI did not suffer from the 
rumours and it too was 
firmer, rising to ftlOp at one 

Thursday fS a fom- terests - has sold its near II to be wound up. become chief executive of 

£f£ rfSP’" per cent stake. Persistent J J Dyson eased a couple Alexanders Discount and 

y ^ _ speculative buving pushed of pence after the interim joins the board of Alexanders 

Strong results from some 
main companies also boosted 
the market. Rank 

speculative buying pushed of pence after the interim joins the board of Alexanders 
Energy Ca pitol 4p higher to figures. Laing and Crucikshank Hold- 

42pt Among fee many specu- ings. Mr J. Hardie has 

New »csu»* Wlckes, the lalive counters. RestokB put become chairman of Alexan- 

Organeatioa’s 30 per cent DIY stores ^haVn made a on lOp to 17 Ip, G Scboles ders Laing and Cruickshank. 




Schweppes has long been 
one of the most potent brand 
names in the market place, 
standing alongside the ‘Heinz’ 
baked bean or the ‘Ford’ saloon 
car. Yet at the beginning of 1982 
this name adorned little more 
than a bare handful of products. 

In the saloons of Home 
Counties pubs or the bars of 
Manhattan, the gin was prob- 
ably Gordons or Booth's, the 

peshire” advertising of the Fifties, 
and then what must be one of the 
best-known campaigns of postwar 
British advertising. *Schhh...You 
Know Whor 

This last line, after more than 
a quarter of a century, is still 
the cornerstone of the current 

There’s plenty of that, with a 
U.K. budget alone of £2 million. 

5 ? 



Scotch was Bell’s or Johnnie 
Walker, and whatever mixed 
with them was Schweppes. 

And that was about it. Today, 
however, the Schweppes brand 
name carries an enormous and 
constantly expanding range of 
products. This was achieved by 
sheer force of management. 

Here’s how: 

we had a huge reputation. 


200 years to build a 

After 200 years of existence, 
Schweppes more or less ‘owned’ the 
mixer market and was likely to 
continue ‘owning’ it for the foresee- 
able future. All very well, but this 
sector represented only one part of 
the burgeoning soft diinks market. 

It wasn't enough for a company 
committed to growth. Schweppes 
had to ask where their growth could 
come from. New targets would have 
to be set. but what would they be 
and how would they be attained? 

The major opportunities were 
obviously to be found in the huge 

Schweppes is sold in sixty- one 
countries around the world, and 
is even the soft drink brand leader 
in Bulgaria! 

What’s been achieved? 



•*4: • v ; ■ 


remainder of the soft chinks market 
currently valued at £1.5 billion 
and growing all the time. That 
makes it worth more than, say, 
bread or newspapers. 

Equally obvious was the fact 
that, this market wasn't going to 
drop into waiting hands like some 
over-ripe apple. 

5 we had a huge brand. 

As you digest that staggering 
piece of information, here are some 
other points to muse on. 

After 200 years in business, 
Schweppes ‘owned’ the mixer 

Here's what the new manage- 
ment team has achieved in the last 
two years alone: 

1. Schweppes is now firmly 
established as a major soft drinks 
company rather than simply a pro- 
ducer of mixer drinks. 

2. With a major increase in 
volume, the profit performance of 
Schweppes has been steadily 
improving and there has been a 
significant increase in the return 
on assets employed. 

• 3. Schweppes has secured a 
prominent position in the large 
plastic bottle sector of the grocery 



How to build a brand. 


These were the challenges to 
be faced: 

1. Schweppes heritage as the 
mixer company had to be extend- 
ed without being thrown away or 

2. The soft drinks market is 
fiercely competitive, “The fizzy 
drinks jungle,” dispirited marketing 
men have been heard to moan. 
A large and growing number of 
highly visible and heavily supported 
brands were already fighting for 
sales. Expansion had to be profitable. 

3. The market is highly frag- 
mented. The low-tech nature of pro- 
duction means its an easy market 
to get into, especially for small, 
regional and own label products. 
Schweppes would have to achieve 
added value in terms of quality and 
variety, but not by price like many 
of the recent market entrants. 

4. New markets had to be cap- 
tured: the under 16 s who would be 
new to Schweppes: and the weight 
and health conscious, who comprise 
a growing force in the market. 


The first of these points meant 


skirting a trap that others have 
fallen into. It would be fairly easy to 
extend the range by the addition of 
those brightly coloured drinks seen 
in most comer stores which owe 
more to chemistry than nature. 

‘Liquid candyfloss’ they’ve 
been called. Schweppes’ status as a 
brand prevented any involvement 
with such short-term frivolities. 

The next point meant a long 
hard look at getting the product 
mix right. 

Would consumers accept the 
Schweppes name on sparkling 
drinks that were not mixers? 

What did the Schweppes brand 
mean to teenagers, a key segment 
of the market? 

A massive and detailed con- 
sumer research programme coupled 
with worldwide research and 
development gave us a firm under- 
standing of the market s needs and 
the products to answer them. 

In addition to the ‘staples' like 
Lemonade and Orange, varieties 
like Limon and Orange and Passion- 
fruit, which had been developed 
by Schweppes subsidiaries, were 
selected for launch in the U.K. mar- 
ket Alongside these, the expanding 
‘diet* section of the market enabled 
profitable extension of the well- 
established Slimline range. 









for soft drinks is truly astonishing) 
have a marked preference for 
cans. So now most of Schweppes’ 
products are available in cans. 

Then there, are big bottles. 
Working on the common sense 
principle, ‘the bigger the bottle the 
more they’ll drink’ Schweppes has 
dramatically increased volume 
simply by extending the pack range. 


f . 



Another trap skilfully side- 
stepped, was the temptation to 
divert resources to support the 
exciting new products while leaving 
the established products to look 
after themselves. 

But that is not the way to build 
brand value throughout the market. 
That’s why these products are 
strongly ‘Schweppes’ first and 
‘product variety' second. 

In this waytheybenefited, from 
Day One, from the promotional 
and marketing programmes which 
have always supported Schweppes 
in the market place. 

market (i.e. where the volume sales 
are). It is the brand leader lemonade 
in grocery outlets. 

4. Colas apart, Schweppes is 
the brand leader in canned soft 
drinks in grocery and off-licence 
outlets, which enables it to capture 
the emergent brand loyalty of the 
teenage market 

5. Schweppes has established 
Limon and Orange and Passion- 
fruit as major new entrants in 
the soft drinks market in just 
twelve months. 

6. Schweppes will be keeping 
the market buoyant and lively with 
the forthcoming launch of Island 
Fruit Drink (mangoes, guavas ef a I), 
and Slimline Limon and Cariba. 




Next came packaging. The 
packs were designed to be modem 
yet still reflecting ‘Schweppesian' 
style. Teenagers (whose capacity 

And Schhh... 
you know what. 

One thing remained. An area 
of activity where Schweppes has 
handled itself with consummate 
skill for decades - advertising. 
If your memory is long enough, 
you’ll remember seeing off Hitler 
and celebrating with “Schwep- 
pervescence” (if you could get any), 
Stephen Potters famous “Sehwep- 

What happens next? 

All this might suggest that 
Cadbury Schweppes’ new manage- 
ment are busy patting themselves 
on the back. 

Not so. 

As Chief Executive Officer 
Dominic Cadbury puts it, “We are 
the custodians of one of the few 
great international brands and we 
never allow ourselves to forget that 

In 200 years the Schweppes 
brand came to ‘o wn' the mixer mar- 
ket and now we are well on the way 
to being a major force in the entire 
soft drinks market 

That takes thoughtful and 
determined management.” 


2 - 





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Guinness ... 
threat to 1, 




■ I- ;»•- 

By Jeremy Warns, Business Correspondent 



'■■ ;;r; 

w, , _ ... • — ** utQmcn v-urresE 

Group yetercfey 


layover bid foTbiSS “hichTZJ'C”^? 1355 ' 

referred to the Monopolies ^ 855 

and Mergers Cotm^T te 

Mr Gufliva- said in Gias- b. SSdSi&SJ a°^ 

V - M 



■ . 

h«en ochi 

gow that up to 1,000 jobs 
could be at risk if Guinness 
was allowed w gain control 
of Distillers. His own £ 1.9 
billion offer for Distillers has 
already been cleared by the 
Government and stands a 
good chance of success if the 
Gain ness merger proposal, 
which is favoured by the 
Distillers board, is referred. 

Mr Gulliver said that the 
jobs at risk would be in 
Guinness's newly acquired 
whisky offshoot, Arthur Bell 
& Son. 

In Perth, 120 jobs could be 
under threat at Bell's 
office with a further 350 at 

siflkfi, Mr Gulliver said. 

A possible 200 jobs could 
*5 jj* ax risk at independent 
“SiOlers who supply n»n^ 
with grain spirit 
. We feel these jobs are at 
uric. And we can repeat our 
assurance, which we have 
already given to the Scottish 
1 DC, flat jobs in Distillers 
“ workforce level would not 
be at risk under AigyiT. 

Guinness retorted that it 
saw no reason why present 
employment levels m the 
®«ged group should not 
remain. “Our intention 
through this agreed meigsr 
with Distillers is to .expand 

the business for the benefit of 
everyone in’ foe Scotch 
whisky industry", the com- 
pany said. 

■ "To suggest job losses in 
the most successful whisky 
company in Scotland is utter 

Confusion and controversy 
still surround the negotia- 
tions which led up to the 
agreed bid by Guinness. 

Mr Bill Spengjer, Distillers' 
deputy chairnian has been 
reported as c o n fi rming that 
Guinness had discussed tak- 
ing first option on acquiring 
the Tanguexay. and Pimm's 
drinks ' businesses from 
Distillers in return for 
launching its “white knight” 
takeover bid. 

However, Mr David 
Connell, another senior 
Distillers director, had earlier 
been quoted as denying the 


Japan’s trade surplus rises 

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Japan bad a trade surplus 
of $56 billion (£40 billion) for 
last year, it was reported in 
Tokyo yesterday. This com- 
pared with $44 billion in 

Exports totalled $174 bil- 
lion and the surplus with the 
United States alone was 
nearly $50 billion. 

The announcement helped 
the yen, which has been 
rising strongly against the 
dollar in recent days. It rose 
further yesterday, closing in 
Tokyo at 1 92.65 to the dollar. 

The Japanese announce- 
ment following Thursday's 
release in Washington of 

figures showing a December 
trade deficit of $17.4 billion, 
and a deficit in 1985. as a 
whole of- $148.5 billion, will 
maintain the pressure in foe 
US Congress for protectionist 
moves against J apan 

The Japanese authorities 
appear to have been willing 
to allow the yen to rise in re-, 
cent days — having earlier set 
200 yen to the dollar as an 

unofficial ceiling — to counter 
Such protectiocust call*. 

Some Japanese exporters 
have complained that they 
are finding things difficult at 
current exchange rates, lend- 
ing support to the J-curve 
theory that the currency 
moves that have occurred so 
for will lead to an initial 
improvement in the Japanese 
trade surplus (and a 
deterioration in the US trade 
balance) followed by a later 
deterioration as trading pat- 
terns adjust to new parities. 

Saudi action key 
to oil stability 

Oil analysts preparing to 
monitor next week’s crucial 
Organisation of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries' (Opec) 
commixee meeting -have sug= 
gested that only a determined 
intervention by Saudi Arabia 
can restore stability to the 

The committee will try to 
find ways of regaining foe 
cartel's share of the world oil 

But Mr Humphrey Harri- 
son. an oil analyst with 
stockbrokers. Fielding. 
Newson-Smith. said; “At this 
stage we see no evidence that ■ 
Opec or Tion-Opec producers 
have any firm intention of re- 
establishing a more* disci-' 
plmed marketing policy. 

“It will neeed the Saudis to 
move first and until they 
begin to sec their volumes 
decline there seems little' 
prospect of any change in 
their current stance. 

“Nor is foe Opec special 
market monitoring commit- 
tee likely to come up with 
bright ideas acceptable to all 
Opec governments. Market 
share - aspirations are as 
widely differing as ever, so 
this meeting is unlikely to 
produce a solution.” 

The brokers warn that 
recent stock , market enthu- 
siasm for both BP and Royal 
Dutch Shell seems to be 
centred on the prospect of 
large final dividends -?■' both 
- companies are due to report 
their year-end figures later 
this month — rather than the 
prospect of stability, in the 
world oil market __ 

“In the circumstances we 
must remain cautious of foe 
oil sector until the storm 
clouds . - are definitely, 

Il has also emerged that the 
United Staler is discussing 
lifting its embargo <» ta 
citizens and its oil companies 
co-operating to work.m the 
Libyan oil fields. 

Only one American oil 
company is operating in 
Tibya* the Oasis . group 
formed by three of the main 
American companies, usmgpf 
staff recruited ■' in France, 
Spain, Italy ‘and Greece. 

'■i A lifting of foe present ban 
on- US nationals working in 
the Libyan oil fields would 
make it easier for the oil 
companies to introduce new 
technology - to improve 
production developed by the 
specialist US oil industry: 

Financial & Investment Advisory 

• Two monthly advisory sheets sent to all subscribers 

• Suggestions of the best Unit Trust “buy of the 

• S ugges tions on good worldwide stock market stores 

• Personal advisory service for subscribers who want 
to start their own business. 

• Financial solutions suggested for subscribers - re- 
. garding personal business problems. 

Please fill in the form below -and send it together with 

£25.00 annual subscription fee to; 

Mr C. Shah. Chanda's Securities. 8 England*. Lane. 

London NW3. Tek 01-722 7093 



Home Tel No.- 
Bus Tel No.- 

' '' 2.:.-. » i h»- , 


,xii in, id. j|-iiu^d»* 

of Up 



INNS pic 



Minimum application. £2,000. 

* i n -n*> Directors 1 


t □ The Directors have considerable’ 

n The Compun been expepenceof ihpQ-pcoi buy°«s 

mamt u ilh l»w imenum amtlMVC nude a suIrtanUil Imaiml. 

dstel«Mf|g j!,d0 E*JJjS b ' ' commilmem K ihetumpanj. ;• 

i vnred inid^g ’rot 1 a [we . n puWr- hoone revenue has -. 

8ES U\ relief ‘ for hiaarifalb been a reLriively >labfc; 

jiUble m NU 1 ‘- ^ The subDtnpU«i list & open 

□ Thelermsrt’ifeOj^^^Hbc . 

i..» ouwbk- - net ‘ ■ maximum sabw-r* i wi ^ ■"■»«> «■. ; 

■’.'PVAIheh*^' rtniherolnimiliti oriheiwospteruv.wiih • 

; ss! s:S Sr. 1 &— 

(TUTUaC- i -i— 

UK shoe 
down 9% 

Britain's footwear makers 
have been hit by slackening 
trade including felling ex- 

Deliveries from British fac- 
tories are down, . and order 
books are slimmer as overall 
supplies 10 the British market 
have fallen, according to the 
British Footwear Manufac- 
turers Federation's latest 
analysis, based on returns for 

British makers' deliveries 
then — tbe latest month for 
which statistics are available 
-- were down 10 per cent in 
volume compared with 
November. 1984. Despite that 
the value was up 3:8 per cent. 

Deliveries of British-made 
footwear first took a tumble 
in October, slipping from 
13.9 million pairs in Septem- 
ber to 12.4 million. There 
was the same level of 
deliveries in November. All 
supplies to tbe British mar- 
ket. including imports, began 
tc slide only in November. 

Order books at the British 
factories, which had shown 
improvement during Octo- 
ber, were badly hit in 
November, with only 8.7 
million pain ordered — half 
the amount on the books the 
previous month. 

The British makers have 
been forging ahead with 
exports but this trend was 
halted sharply in November 
as the volume of footwear 
going abroad dropped 9.4 per 
.cent compared with the 
corresponding month. 


New faces 
on Bank 
of England 

Bank of England: Mr 
Gavin Laird becomes a direc- 
tor for four years and Mr 
Deryk Vastier Weyer and Sir 
Leslie Young for two years 
from March l in place of Mr 
Geoffrey Ayrton Drain, Mr 
George Bhrndes — who has 
been appointed deputy gov- 
ernor — and Professor Brian 
Griffiths. Reappointed for 
four yeais are Sr George 
Cadbury. Mr David Schotey 
and Mr Edward George. 

J Hewitt and Son: Mr 
CoKn Whafley has been 
appointed a non-executive 

Henry Ansbacher Hold- 
ings: Mr Alfred Singer be-' 
comes a director. 

Mobil Oik Mr AJLM. 
Britten has been TnaVfe 
marketing director, and Mr 
C.G. Murdoch mannfaetimug 

AJLM. Britten 

Andrew Benny 

Blackrod: 'Mr Andrew 
Ronay takes tbe new post of 
head of mattering. 

Cullen's . Holding: Mrs 
Ruth Kraus has been ap* 
panted, a director. ■ 

Cowan de Groot Three 
new directors are Mr P, 
Birch, Mfr D JX de Carle and 
Mr J. Matthews. 

Hanson Trust Mr Chris- 
topher Miller has been made 
an associate director. 

Apricot Computers: Mr 
Simon Hunt has been ap- 
pointed group financial direc- 

Klein wort Benson: Mr A N 
Coppell has been appointed 
to the board as director of] 
information .systems. 

British Telecom 

Radiopaging: Mr Chris Yates 
has been appointed general 

Continental Life: Mir 
Ross Beanet mil replace Mr 
W T Green who is retiring as 
managing director. Mr 
Beanet has been a consultant 
for the past year. 

Alfred McAlphx: Mr M A 
Peariman has been made 
group marketing director. He 
also becomes a director of, 
Alfred McAfpine Construc- 


• MJ-HOLDINGSe Aa in- 
terim dividend of 2.3p. payable 
on April 8. is Included in tbe 
six months’ results to Septem- 
ber. 30. With figures in £000. 
turnover was up to 22^99 
<] 4.948) and profit before lax 
io 707 1423). The directors are 
confident of continued 
. progress. The outlook is .good 

with strong production order 
boo k, 

• IMTEC GROUP: Accep- 
tances have been received nt 
respect of 5.401.685 new or- 
dinary shares (90.03 per cent). 
Remaining shares have been 
sold in ihc market. 

INGS: Results for the half-year 
to Sopi ember 30 include an 
interim dividend of 0.7Sp (nil). 
Wiih figures in £1000. turnover 
rose to. 74-885 (74.477) and 
operating profit to 303 (109 
loss). Earnings per share were 
G.8p (2.7p loss). 

PROPERTIES: Results for the 
six months, to September 30 
(May 1984 to end-Scpiember 
1984) include an interim divi- 
dend of Lip (Ip). With fif 
in £000. gross income ! 
investment properties totalled - 
630 (937) and pretax profit 424 
(605). . 

HOLDINGS: A final dividend 
of 12p (I0p) making 18p (15p) 
for foe year to September 30 
has been declared. With figures 
in £000, turnover was 10436 
(10227). preiax profit 3473 
(3149.5) and earnings per share 

INGS:- ■ Philips. Lamps ,the 
Dutch ■ groupund Bosch of 
West Germany are planning a 
joint venture' called Euro Tele- 
vision Systems to enter into a 
world- wide cooperation in flie 
field of television b ro ad c as tin g 
in order to widen their basis of 
.technology,, to strengthen their 
Internationa] competitiveness 
and to extend their market 
position. Initially, they will 
cash have a ^0 per cent stake 
- in the ‘ joint venture. Later, 

Bosch will acquire the mdority 
of the new company's snares. 

suhs for the six months to- 
Sepwmbcr 30 include an in- 
terim . dividend of 1.725P 
(same), payable on' March 14. 

With figures in £000. turnover 
was up to 8605 (8598) and 
pretax profit 585 (530). 

INGS): Trading profit for the 
six months to September 30 
(figures in £000) rose to 69.693 
(65.283) before depreciation. 
Fixed assets and equipment on 
rental totalled 4.890 (42201). 
Profit before tax rose to 24.6S2 

• AKZO: The company has 
reported a pro visional net 
profit of FI 840 million or £218 
million (FV752 million) for 
1985. Turnover rose to F118.01 
billion (FI 16.52 billion). 

Consideration for the number 
of shares issued and allotted in 
respect of the consideration for 
Philip Vox (Agencies) has been 
amended to 90.506 as a result 
of a change in the average price 
of ihc shares used Id the 
calculation. The total consid- 
eration remains unchanged at 

• XEROX CORP: Ooperating 

revenue-reprographics and info 

system. $8732 million ($8427 
million) for 1985. 

Mr David T Kearns, chair- 
man and chief executive offi- 
cer. aid “1985 was a year of 
major strides, and we expect to 
maintain this momentum m 

• METAL BOX: It has 
■ reached agreement in principle 

with Consumers Glass Co. a 
leading Canadian packaging 
manufacturer, to licence exclu- 
sively in Canada a wide range 
of Metal Box's latest plastics 
container products, technology 
and mKhmery. 

Patrick Townsend, the chair- 
man . told shareholders at the 
annual meeting that trading 
results so far this year have 
been satisfactory, although 
sales volume has been unexcit- 

AND CAMPION: Profits for 
eight months ended December 
were £260,637 (£157.254 for 
year to April 30 amended to 
conform with accounting poli- 
cies of the holding company. 
Citicorp Investment Bank). 
Retained - profit was £260.637 
(£61.254). Retained profit, 
.brought forward from pervious 
year was £579.613 (£585.458). 

Vosper to shut Singapore yard 

Vosp er has derided to 
disengage from shipbuilding 
in Singapore as a result of tbe 
tow level of orders and 
consequent very poor trading 
results of its wholly owned 
subsidiary, Vosper . (Pte), 
there over the last two years. 

Tbe board of the subsidiary 
has presented a petition for 
its winding up to the High 
Court of Singapore. 

Based on unaudited 
management accounts, 
Vosper (Pie) incurred a toss 
before tax of SS16J2 mininn 
(£53 million) for the year to 
October 31, and despite a big 
reduction in foe workforce 
has continued to make 

By Our City Staff 

substantial tosses tinring this 
financial year. 

The mmiirfried halanty 
sheet of Vosper (Pte) at 
October 31 shows SS13.7 
million excess of assets 
(including a long-term loan to 
Vosper of SS3.6 million) over 
liabilities. However. Vosper 
says it cannot be sure of the 
eventual outcome of the 
liquidation and has accord- 
ingly derided to make full 
provisos against its invest- 
ment in Vosper (Pte). 

Vosper estimates, on the 
basis of unaudited manage- 
ment accounts, that at Octo- 
ber 31 foe group excluding 
Vosper (Pte) and taking 

account of foe full provision 
against the cost of the 
investment in Vosper (Pte), 
had net assets attributable to 
shareholders of £4.6 million. 

This also takes account of 
provision for SS2.1 million in 
respect of Vesper's contin- 
gent liability under a guar- 
antee provided by it in 
respect of banking facilities 
made available to Vosper 
(Pie). Vosper (Pie) has 
contingent liabilities amount- 
ing to a maximum of S$3.5 
million for which Vosper 
may become liable. 

Trading conditions in Brit- 
ain, particularly at Vesper’s 

subsidiary, Vosper 

Hovermarine, remain diffi- 
cult. The UK group made 
substantial losses during foe 
year to October 31 and 
continues to operate below 
break even. 

An order for one HM221 
Sidewall hovercraft was re- 
ceived last October and the 
craft has this week been 
accepted by tbe customer. It 
is expected that further 
significant orders should be- 
come effective within tbe 
next few weeks. 

The Vosper group in the 
UK is operating close to the 
limit of its agreed borrowing 

Swan National in drive to 
pick up small customers 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Swan National, one of the 
top half dozen car rental 
companies, is joining in a 
battle to wrest more of the 
car hire market from small 

These operators, typically 
the garage round the comer, 
account for more than half 
the car rental market 

Swan, which is part of the 
TSB group, is trying to seize 
a bigger share of localized 
markets by «terwitialmwg its 
operations and introducing 
four new wginnai general 

The company, which 
claims to be the biggest 
operator in the business user 

sector, is aiming particularly 
to pick up the custom of 
small business houses. 

Mr Tony Grimshaw. 
managing director of Swan 
National Rentals, said: “By 
breaking tbe company down 
and managing foe regions 
almost autonomously it gives 
Swan National greater 
flexibility and the ability to 
address itself more quickly 
and effectively to market 

Avis and Hertz, which are 
part of multinational opera- 
tions based in the United 
States, are already making 
inroads into the totalized 
markets dominated by the 

small operators. Franchising 
is part their strategy to 
increase tbe penetration of 
the sector. 

Avis has already launched 
the first of its franchised 
outlets and aims to have 
about 250 franchised opera- 
tions eventually, with about 
50 openings a year. It has 
more than 80 corporate 
outlets ax airports and cities 
and towns around Britain. 

Hertz has more than 20 
franchised outlets but is 
expanding its coverage with 
new corporate outlets. Up to 
20 are expected to be opened 
this year. Some are likely to 
be franchised. 

Texaco finds 
oil off China 

By David Yc 

Another potentially 
commercial oil discovery has 
been made in offshore waters 
of China tO add to those 
already announced by the 
British groups led by BP, 
Tricentrol and LASMO. 

The latest discovery has 
been made in tbe Pearl River 
Basin area, 170 miles sooth- 
east of Canton by an 
American group led by 

Initial testt show 9.000 
bands of oil a day from a 
well on the Huizhou block as 
wdl as large quantities of 
natural gas. Tbe oil found Iras 
a very high wax content and 
further tests will be made 
before it is decided if the field 
can been commercially ex- 

Companies link to 
cut BES risks 

Guardian Royal Exchange, 
the composite insurer, has 
joined forces with Anglo- 
American Trust, the London- 
based Iwmseri dealer in 
securities, in a scheme which 
aims to take the risk out of 
investing in unquoted 
companies under foe Busi- 
ness Expansion Scheme. 
Called BESsure, it divides 
investors' money between a 
BES fund and an indemnity 
policy underwritten by GRE. 

The policy does not guar- 
antee to make np any defied. 
GRE will simply allocate the 
premium among a number of 
its insurance rands, leaving 
their investment performance 
to provide the rest 

The indemnity operates 
purely to compensate inves- 

tors. Any undistributed sur- 
plus after five years will 
belong to the managers. 
“There is a safety net but not 
an absolute legal guarantee,” 
Mr James Butterfield, chair- 
man of Anglo-American, 
said. “Guardian Royal's 
performance indicates, how- 
ever, that there will be no 

Mr Butterfield added that 
the value of the insurance 
cover was that risk-sby higher 
rate taxpayers would have an 
alternative to putting their 
money in “artificially created 
asset-backed schemes”. 

Anglo-American will focus 
its investment on established 
companies, although the 
occasional start-up company 
will also be considered. 

loan plan 

By Michael Prest 

A quiet attempt by the 
World Bank to obtain a real 
increase in resources for the 
International Development' 
Association — the Bank’s arm 
which lends on very cheap 
terms to the poorest coun- 
tries — has been defeated at 
an early stage in negotiations 
with donors. 

The Bank wanted a mini- 
mum of $12 billion (£5.87 
billion) for the next, eighth, 
replenishment of IDA. Il said 
this was foe barest amount 
necessary to maintain tbe real 
value of foe $9 billion 
contributed to IDA7 and the 
$1 bifllion raised last year for 
the special African Facility. 

But foe devdopectaouniry 
donors, which met in Paris 
on Monday and Tuesday of 
this week, are mainly only 
prepared to discuss a range of 
SI 0.5 billion to $115 billion. 
Britain seems willing to 
maintain its share of 6.7 per 
cent of the total. 

But there was widespread 
opposition to ideas which 
have found favour in Wash- 
ington for altering foe terms 
on which IDA lends. 

IDA lends over 50 years 
without interest and with 10 
year-grace periods. It has 
been suggested that maturi- 
ties and grace periods could 
be cut to 40 years and eight 
years respectively. 

The British Government is 
unen thustastic about such 
proposals. The Bank told 
participants in the meeting 
that adjusting lending terms 
would effectively make 
borrowing by the poorest 
countries more expensive. 


for the 

channel tunnel? 

Unprecedented Growth 

Growth in the age oTc mitiuena i European stock 
markets has been damaiic over recent yean and yet 
ibelaigest. West Germans, for example, has a slock 
maikei that is annual half the size oTthaioTibe (tailed 
Kingdom wtrile its economy is nearty twice as laig& 

Howevs; increasing inttmaiawal and domestic 
interest; continuing recovers trom ihe lecesBooaiy 
eavoomneot of the early 80k: and the re- eating of 
shares in some oTEuropefe successful mulit-nationa! 
companies, combine to soggesi an exciting (inure for 
European sock markets. 

UJC & Continental Europe 

The European G rowth Rmd win invest in tbe 2.400 
plus public companies quoted op the U K.stock 
market as wdt as those oTcoottoemat Europe, 
pro v i di ng the Managers with an 80% wider investment 
ange owr purely comments! European companies. 

The objective of the Fund is maximum capital 
growth and initially ibe^ Managers uoidpau investing 
the portfolio as foltow- 

West Germany 35 % 

Economic optimism abounds, iotlabon isa low Lift 
and tax cus expected this year should boost consumer 


United Kingdom 32% 

Lew flfWoo, together with douMe digiegains 
projected for corporate profits and divide nds. combine 
to ante many exceHea investment opportunities. 

France 8% 

am shares continue to provide prospects for growth. 

Switzerland 8% 

Business cnfidence is mnung Ugh wdhiafiatiM 
teefining and capacity utiteti o n averaging 86%. 

Italy 6% 

The I qSm stock market, although modest in sue; k 
growing fallowing strong demand from Italian mutual 
fends sex op in 1981 

Netherlands 6% . 

Low inflation an d increases in domestic 
umstunp eion and exports should boon share prices. 

Other European Markets 5% 

Stock marten nw foclnde tbaseoTSpain. Befciuni, 
.Sweden, Norww Denmark and Ausria. 

Etrape is expefteodnganew economic eta of 
steady tow mfanopary growth which we believe wffl 
provide nacstoo with consistaatand rewar d ing 

Perpetual in Europe 

tepexml has been investing successfully m 
European shares for some years through internationl 
unit mats. The Interna bonal Growth Fund. 

Unit Trust Managers 
of flie year* 

In the eleven yean since launching the Group'S first urni 
trust in die L/niied Kingdom. Perpetual has earned an 
enviable reputation for consistent investmeru success. 

PerpetaaTs (be top performer 

... Perpetual take The Observer's 1985 UititTrast 
Managers oTtbe Year award. A richly deserved award. 

[is investment team - chairman Manyn Arbi b. Bob 
Yerbuiy, Scon McGIashan and Martin Rasch - tave 
been producing performance plums well for many *■ 
;•*■ — .*• a-'- 1 -'- • v 
* wtKiwiflmii /Mown? 

U nit Thist Managers of the year 
.. .Over the year; every single Perpetual Fund has 
moved into the black... Over the ba 12 morntis, the 
Perpetual Funds have produced an average weighted 
performance oT27. 7 per cent... 


Special launch bonus offer 

Units in the Perpetual European Growth Fund areoflered 
far sakatafixed price of 5ft> per unit until 7th February 
I486. However; for investments made up toand including 

7th February 1986 then is a special bonus available on the 

Fi r irwre O aem of ISAM U>i9^99-1% bams. 
FerinvesaKntsof£ltkM9fr reare -2*h bans. 

The amlapated cotamenring gross yield is 2% per annum. 


lb Petpdial llail That Ma ngcmcr it Limited, 

T el e p h on e: Hcnicy-oa4Twmq(0Wll 576868. 
RepSHsedmEntfandNo. 1154021 k flic above adttrea 
I/We euctosea cheque made payable to Pennon! Unit 
Trust Mamgement LnL far dwamoum shown below lor , 
tajAedtrortnuerrmew fa tfxftrperuaf European 
Growth Fundfaa ftaadofler price of SOp per una. 


1/We wist! 


■ffwehw7tfc ftbero? 1X6. 

The application together wiih yonrehenue, muti reach 
us by dm date Alter that dm writs will be aUoated at 
the offer price prevailing on the day of receipt aT<nwr 

(£80 mffiton) as an example, is tbo U.K5 top unit mist 
far capital Biowih since its tauneb in Sept ember 1974 
wHban increase in the ofTex price of uniu ’.f2200Kas 
at3Ist December 1985. Since 1982 up to 30* of the 
portfolio has been invested is continental European 
suck markers. wMfe during the last five years, the 
UJC. exposure has been as high as 6Wk 


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FIXED TERM DEPOSITS, £50.000 aluminum 
16.7% per annum, paid Gross 

Under £10.000 12% p.a_ paid net 
O'er £10.000 12’*% p.a_ paid nei 
HIGH YIELD ACCOUNT. £500 minimom 

12%% p-a. paid nei 

Deposits are secured. Rares arc fixed 

Interest is paid annually, half yearly or monthly. For full details simply send 
(his advert, with your name and address written on it. 

Enquiries from brokers, financial advisers, pension fund managers etc are 

BRADFORD IN VESTMENTS Licensed Deposit-Takers 
91 Manningham Lane, Established 1972 

Bradford «1, West Yorkshire 

Phone (0274) 305807 or Answerphone <0274) 737548 


Enjoy the new style Money letter and get more for vour 
money. There's regular columns on shares, planning a 
unit trust portfolio, traded options, currencies, gilts and 
international stockmarket trends. ! 2 issues of Money- 
letter cost just £60. Subscribe today and we'll send you 
a £60 bonus voucher with your first issue. When you 
invest £4.000 (or more) in the unit trust, investment 
bond or annuity of your choice through our nominated 
broker your return will be boosted by £60. 

Available from Rosters Ltd. 60 Welbeck Su London WL. 

Access holders mav order on 01-935 3002. 


QUAL i O GVcf 


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hw«t in our higMy pofxdar 
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Edited byLoraa Bourke 


The retirement cash puzzle 


Since the beginning of 1986 
pension fund members have 
gained an important new 

freedom. If they leave an 
employer after five or more 
years’ service, they now have 
a legal right to a transfer 
payment into their new 
employer’s scheme — or a 
transfer payment into a 
Section 32 buy-out policy 
with an insurance company 
of their choice. 

Like most new rights this 
may cause as many problems 
as it solves. How does the 
man or woman in the street 
pick and choose between 
these options? Where should 
you go for advice, what will it 

Advice is certainly required 
— even pension professionals 
are in confusion. And the 
importance of individual ad- 
vice cannot be overstated. It's 
difficult enough to choose 
between one pension scheme 
and another — even more 
confusing to try to grade 
them against the sometimes 
daft prediction of future 
growth dangled as a carrot by 
insurance sellers and brokers, 
intent on getting the commis- 
sion from selling a Section 32 
policy that may not always be 
the best thing. 

Nick Ryan, a pension fund 
manager at the University of 
London, who is also a 

advice. Bul many do not 
realize that they will end up 

member of the Occupational 
Pensions Advisory Service 
(Opas). recently floated the 
idea of establishing a fee- 
charging but non-profit mak- 
ing organization to advise 
individuals on their pension 

He says: “OPAS advises 
people on their rights. But it 
cannot give individual finan- 
cial advice because it is a 
charily. And it has only 150 
part-time advisers 


He says that trustees are 
increasingly worriedthat the 
insurance-company hard sell 
will lead people into making 
the wrong decisions. He 
adds:“Most people are ba- 

sically ignorant about 

Already there is a big fraud 
inquiry concerning a company 
called Hill Kestrel involving 
about £1.5 million of trans- 
ferred pension fund money. 

Mr Ryan believes that if 
enough need can be shown — 
and more than halfa million 
people go in and out of 
pension schemes every year 
— the National Association of 
Pension Funds might take 
the initiative. But meanwhile, 
what should the individual 

In theory there is nothing 
to stop an individual from 
approaching a firm of 
consulting actuaries or pen- 


t m 


A New Unit Trust Aiming for All-Out Capital Growth 



ramlington European Fund will 
for maximum capital growth through 
investment in shares quoted on the 
principal European stock markets. 

Europe is now one of the most popular areas 
for investment. But it is a diverse and complex 
market: for investment success strong links with 
the continent are highly desirable. Our own were 
completed on 19 December with a subscription 
by Credit Commercial de France into Eramlington 
Group pic, enabling us to combine CCFs 
expertise and knowledge of the European market 
with our own eminently effective approach to 
long term capital growth. 

Our special style is to concentrate on smaller 
companies and try to identify those with really 
good growth prospects before the rest of the 
market recognises their promise, aiming for 
exceptional capital growth performance. 

The results of this have been good, especially 
over the long term. 


The two previous FramJington funds which have 
most closely followed this approach have been 
Capital Trust, investing in UK. shares; and 
American and General Fund, investing in the 
U.S.A. Both have done well. 

Over the ten years to 1st January Framlington 
Capital Trust was the best performing of all the 
271 unit trusts monitored fay Planned Savings 
over the period. It turned an original investment 
of £1,000 into £11,462. 

Over seven years, our American & General 
Fund (started 1978) was the second best perform- 
ing unit trust out of the 26 investing in North 
American shares. It turned £1,000 into £4,339. 

in which Framlington European Fund is author- 
ised to invest. 

The fund manager of Framlington European 
Fund is M. Philippe Herault, who has been 
seconded to Framlington from CCF for this 
purpose. He will be our link into CCFs research, 
working in Londoo alongside the existing 
Framlington fund managers. 

Units are available in both income form (with a 
distribution once each year) or accumulation 
form (in which net income is reinvested). Since 
the aim of the fund is out-and-out capital 
growth, investors are recommended to choose 
accumulation units. The estimated gross initial 
yield is one per cent. 


U ntil 14 February units are available at 
the initial price of 5 Op each. To invest, 
complete the application form and 
send it to us with your cheque to arrive 
by 3pm on 14 February. Applications of £10,000 
or over will receive a bonus of one per cent 
additional units at the expense of the managers. 

From 17 February units will be available at the 
ruling offer price. 

Investors should regard all unit trust invest- 
ment as long term. They are reminded that the 
price of units and the income from them can go 
down as well as up. 


There are facilities for investing by monthly direct debit, with 
the first allocation of units on 14 February for an application 
form, telephone 01 -628 5181 before 7 February 

Applications will be acknowledged; certificates w3J be sent by 
the registrars, Lktvds Bank Pic, normally within 42 days. 

The minimum initial investment is £500. From 17 February 
units may be bought and sold daily Prices and yields will be 
published dally in leading newspapers. When units are sold back 
to the managers payment is normally made within 7 days of 
receipt of the renounced certificate. Savings plans can be cashed 
in at any time. 

Income net of basic rate tax is distributed to holders of 
income units annually on 15 July. The first distribution will be 
on 15 July. 1987. 

The annual charge is 1% (+VAT) of the value of the fund. 
The initial charge, which is included in the offer price, is 5%. 

Commission is paid to qualified intermediaries at the rate of 
Va% (plus VAT). Commission is not paid on savings plans. 

The trust is an authorised unit trust constituted by Trust 
Deed. It ranks as a wider range security under the Trustee 
Investments Act, 1961. The Trustee is Lloyds Bank Pic. 

The managers are Framlington Unit Management Limirgd, 
3 London Wall Buildings, London EC2M 5NQ. Telephone 
01-628 5181. Telex 8812599. Registered in England 
No 89 5 24 L Member of the Unit Trust Association. 

This offer is not open to residents of the Republic of Ireland. 


Cnklit Commercial de France is a substantial 
French bank with offices in nearly 40 countries 
and with total assets of over $16 billion. It has a 
distinguished investment division with over 
FF 27 billion under management. Its research 
department is strong in continental European 
stockmarket analysis, particularly in smaller 
companies; CCF has, for example, taken a 
special interest in the French Second Marche, 

Of Units In Framlington European Fund At 50p Each Until 14th February 1986 

To: Framlington Unit Management Limited, 3 London Wall Buildings, 

London EC2M snq 


(minimum £500) in Framlington European Fund 
and enclose a cheque payable to Framlington Unit Management Limited. I am/we are over 18. 
For accumulation units in which net income is reinvested, please tick here ! 1 

Surname (Mr/Mbs/Miss/Title). 

Full Forenameisi 


Signature* sj 

(Joint applicants should all sign and enclose details separately) 

sion consultants about their 
particular case. In practice it 
can be expensive. 

David Campbell of Bacon 
& Woodrow says^We run a 
Transfer Advice Service. 
Employers ask us to advise 
individual employees on 
their pension rights and 
needs on leaving. The best 
thing from our point of view 
is for managements to see 
pension counselling now as 
pan of a leaving package.” 

That’s fine if you have a 
benevolent employer whose 
gratitude extents to easing 
your pathway out through his 
front door. At the moment 
less-fortunate early leavers 
have to seek advice them- 

' David Campbell 

reckons that an individual 
consultation with his firm. 
Bacon & Woodrow, could 
cost £300. plus VaT. 

This is not cheap if you are 
agonizing over a relatively 
small transfer payment — less 
than £5,000 for instance. He 
points out that people are not 
used to paying for financial 

paying rather more in the 
form of commission to an 
insurance sales rep. 

Mr Campbell said:* 1 In 
many cases the correct advice 
might be uj leave the money . . 
in the old pension scheme or 
take the offer in the new one. 
and there is no commission 
in that for the salesman.” But 
he says that two of the three 
insurance companies he be- 
lieves offer the best value 
Section 32 buy-out policies, 
do not pay commission 
anyway. Consulting actuaries 
are not permitted to take 

Coincidentally, a new pen- 
sions advisory service is 
launched this week by 
consulting actuaries Wolanski 
& Co„ which aims to provide 
a direct, reasonably inexpen- 
sive service to the individual. h 
It quotes a rale of between 
£100 and £200 for a foil 
written analysis of all the 
options — any commission to 
be offset against the fee if a 
Section 32 policy is recom- 
mended and bought. 

With pensions you arc 
dealing with imponderables. 
How long will you stay in the 
new job? How long are you 
likely to live? What might 
your salary be at retirement 
age? What investment return 
might the 'pension fund 
managers earn? 

But your decision can be 
absolutely crucial. When hav- 
ing your own personal pen- 
sion is added to the list of 
options, the need for proper, 
cheap and easily under- Jk 
standable advice on an in- 
dividual basis will be 

Maggie Drummond 


Les Amis dn Vin will be bokfing another Massive Wine Sale of bin ends and 
discontinued lines from char warehouse open lO.OOani - 4.00pm jl 
TELEPHONE 01-740 0053 


TlMaJtntaeneildattDCiaaaftataaciieror im t a i u nto Mtm i h efarwnipBtiaseWJMmiiB. 

alan International 



Ortra FOR S UBSO tiFiKlN under the BU 
EXPANSION SOffiME. Up to L445.000 Ortfinaiy Shares 
of 5p eadi at a price of 90p per share. 

Alan International apaied its first salon in 1947 in East 
Twickenham - and now has:- 
14 Hairdressing Salons in London and Essex; 

4 Hairdressing Schools; 

A RtHDOtions Divisian responsible for Hairdressing 
Presentations in the UK and abroad; 

A range of Haircare Products marketed under its own 
■QUOTE’ name. 

Ptetax profits for the year to 31st October 1985 were 

The Group is now seeking to nose tp to £1,300,000 to 
assist in its nationwide sponsion plans. 


Soadqr Tines 

Ma3 an Sunday 

Tte Srigqfr tiopLst is now apai and ftdde&faorthe Company and the Offer For 
Suwoi^tou. together with an Appfcatm Ftem are contained in the Prospectus 
(on the tents of which done appfiocnoswfll he considered) which is avafebte from 

BOSKS. HAfflSSON&CXL teuton of the Stock Etafcuwe. 


* By advising you which investment gives the 

most income a man aged 6*i wnh [><i [ife assurance cwiid 
expert to receive I2 t>% guaranteed. 

sfc By reducing your income tax bill 

many retired people toe oat imsecesarfy oo the age allowance 

^ By making your capita) grow to increase your 
income in the future. 

Knight^ Williams has specialised for manyjeare 
people. Send for frill details. 

Knight Williams 

Independent financial advice. 

| 33 Code Street, London TO 1HB. 01-409 027L 




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Beware shares, 
sa Y building 


^ to fie kept In the account 
•for at least one month after 
tfta bonus has been added to 
retain It 

To get the children to 
come into the tranches and 
opfin a Cashbooster ac- 
count, Nationwide is giving 
away a free magazine. Hi- 
Werest is aimed at the under- 

®Pec«tettvelnftattf^r w 


*£"■ president of the LeSs 

£®™anent Building Sod- 

adwsaWe for people with 

smal saving or sums ear- 
5SW ^ retirement to 
risk their money in this way.” 
*ne societies are very con- 

?S ^wrtodtition, and 
the flow °f funds out of their 

nS2SSSS^S, o,,0cent 

Cash for kids 

•The success of the Na- 
tional Westminster’s Piggy 
Bank promotion, aimedat 
junior savers, Iras tempted a 

number of other financial in- 
stitutions into offering similar, ■ 
incentive-based schemes 
for the young. The Nationwide 
Budding Society has just 
launched the Cashbooster ac- 
count for the under-«s. K 
pays the ordinary share rate of 
7 per cent but bonuses are 
added when specific savings’ 
targets are reached. When 
the balance in the account 
reaches £50 an extra £2 bo- 
nus is paid. There Is an extra 
£2.50 at £100, another £2^0 
at £250 and a final bonus of £3 
at the £500 mark. Money 

oount hoidere can enter Ihe 
njf^azintfs competitions 
although HHnterest wffl be free 
to an. 

Child benefit 


sueof Family Money; ChBd • 
benefit at the higher "single, 
parent rate Is not payable 
to t»-habiting mothers. Unlike 
the tax system which looks 
at strict legal relationships be- 
tween parents, the social 
security system takes account 
of tne realties of a situa- 
tfon.and a mother living with 

the father of her child Is not 
entitled to the higher chBd 

Seasonal tips 

•With the house-buying 
season coming round once 
again, it is worth your whHe, 
particularly if you are a first- 
time buyer, finding out just 

f d. 

RfgbL Here's the wheel Yea 
invent the deal and we're in 

for in the way of coste and 
charges. The latest edition of 

Home tw David Lewis, exec- 
utive editor of Money Mafl, 
is a mine of information on all 
aspects of buying and sell- 
ing, ft covere now to deal with 

and surveyors, what type of 

Saving, DIY-style 

Windsor Life is backing a 
flexible pension scheme for 
all comers which offers inves- 
tors considerable freedom to 
control the investment of 
their pension money. 

The Open Plan scheme 
devised jointly by two pen- 
sions advisers, Patrick 
McNamee of PMA & Asso- 
ciates and Alastair Nicholson 
of MPW. can cope with the 
needs of investors as their 
career advances. . . 

It can start as a personal 
portable pension and be 
adapted to an executive- 
pension. a vehicle for AVCs 
(Additional Voluntary 
Contributions) and even- 
tually a selfadministered 


■ t 


ABN BANK__J^_12!6% 
Adam & Company.. 1216% 

BBQ — — Ll _r2W* 

Citibank Savngrf_l2tt% 
Consolidated Grds_.£2fe% 
Continental Tnist_l2!6% 
CO-opetative Bank_12ft% 

CHoare & Co„ 12%% 

Lloyds Bank ..,.. .,[2%% 

Nat WcstmmsiCT 12fc%' 

Royal Bank Scoihndl2ft% 

TSB _I2fc% i 

Citbank NA 12%% 

■ ■ - a 

t Mortgage Bur Rite. 

“Open Plan must have 
strong appeal for today's 
business people who want to 
start building a personal 
financial vehicle that they 
can use effectively later - for 
buying their office properly, 
for example,” says Mr: 
- Nicholson. 

Contributions as small as 
£500 a year can be paid into 
a new managed pension fund 
which is being managed by 
David Lis. He is now setting 
up Windsor Investment 
Management under the wing 
of Windsor Life. 

If investors do not want 
the managed pension fund 
they can go through the Open 
Plan portfolio administration 
channel and be invested in 
, anything approved by pen- 
sions legislation - unit trusts, 
equities, gilts, property and 
the like. 

Under the portfolio admin- 
istration umbrella, the inves- 
tor can select his own fond 
managers or take on the 
investment decisions himself 
There ’is an annual manage- 
ment charge of 1 per cent 
levied under the policy pins a 
further 0.5 per cent (mini- 
mum £100) and £50 per 
transaction every time you 
decide to switch your invest- 
ments. ' ’ . 

1 ne managed pension rand 
which could form part of the 
investment or he used for all 
contributions, has a charging 
structure related to perfor- 

Vivien Goldsmith 


Put off your pension and you'll really see 
the meaning of the words time is money.’ 

If a 25 year old man pays £50 a month 
out Personal Retirement Account, we'd pay him a 

pension of £32^00 a year* • • 

Leave it until 35. And the pension will drop 
to £11,893* 

From where, it's downhill all the way. 

£4,223* if things are left until 45, or £1.171* 

for a man who starts his scheme at 55. ’ 

So if you’re self-employed or without a pension 

send off the coupoiuShwe^ Today. 


•fiMme- 070866966. I vwxua «■* ™ 

g2 j r&iu ft*™ 1 ““““ 

Name (MrfMrs/MissX — — ' 

Tet- No- fHomc 

| . Y Bnanc&sl— 

p E R S O N A L 
1T E T I R E M £ N~i 
— account 


mortgage to ctxxrae, now 

to budget for the hidden and 

unexpected costs Of a 
move, and household buikfings 
and contente insurance- It 
Is published by Hodder & 
Stoughton and is available 
from txxjkshops at £3,50. 

Spot check 

•Bounding up borrowers 
seems to be the problem for 
the bufldfog societies at this 
traditionally stack time of the 
year. But Abbey National 
has come up with a good 
wheeze for enticing wtMjki- 
be buyers Into thefr branches. 
"Home buyers can now 
contact their local Abbey Na- 

branclf^d get^oa'l'icatQ 
showing their borrowing 
capabfflty- on lira spot/^says 
the latea announcement 
from the Abbey. 

Not a lot in this - walk into 
any building society brandt 
and someone wBI tell you what 
you are eSgible to borrow, 
usually up to three times the 

higher earner's Income plus 
once the tower earner s in- 
come. However, it sounds 
■grand. ‘‘Buyers wK receive a 
mortgage certificate 1 stat- 
ing that a home loan rs avaS- 
afle immediately up to an 
amount shown on the certifi- 
cate and it guarantees the 
avaKabtfity of a loan tor three 
months, "says the Abbey. 

This guarantee would have 
been worth something a few 
years ago whan mortgage 
money was short, but with 
buflefing societies flush with 
funds mortgages on demand 
are the norm, nevertheless, 
it shows that Abbey National is 
not asleep and is keen to be 
as helpful as posstte to 
would-be home-buyers. 

Card for cuts 

•Big discounts are on offer 
from the newly-merged AIB- 
anca & Leicester BuMing 
Society to those who open an 
Alliance & Lefcesteraard ac- 
count They todude rSscsunts 
on kitchen units, dry clean- 
ing, wine and car tyres, and 
savings of upto £52 on 
Bswlck-Falcon cycles. Holiday 
and travel discounts are 
also avaflable, Incktobu dis- 
counts of £5 for evsry £100 
spent on a Page & Moy holi- 
day. More than 600,000 
rnvestors.aJreedy have a dis- 
count card account and the 
society is expecting a big in- 
crease in numbers. 

Listen and learn 

•Running your own busi- 
ness can present problems - 
some of which you may 
hare anticipated. But good ad- 
vice when an unexpected 
disaster boms can be very 
welcome. The Midland 

Bank is offering free counsel- 
ling, as well as free busi- 
ness bankhno. to anyone taking 
part in the Manpower Ser- 
vices Commission's Enterprise 
Allowance scheme. This 
was launched in 1983 to help 
the unemployed become 
setf-emptoyed or start new 
businesses and has just 
been boosted from 65,000 
places a year to 85.000. To 




benefit (for one year) ap- 
plicants must have been un- 
employed or under fomral 
notice of redundancy for at 
least el^rt: weeks, be 
receiving unemployment or 
supptamentaiy benefit and 
be able to show that they have 
£1,000 to invest in the new 

The Mkfland is offering a 
free counsefiing interview after 
customers have been 
receiving the MSC allowance 
for nine months. The 
progress of the business wffl 
be discussed and cus- 
tomers will have lull access to 
Midland's specialist ser- 
vices. Details from Midland 

Bigger Herts 

•Building society investors 
can earn an attractive 9.8 per 
cent net of basic rate tax on 

the Harpenden Building 

Society’s High Interest 
Hertfordshares. The minimum 
investment is £5.000 and 
withdrawals can be made on 
30 days’ notice without loss 
of interest Immediate 
withdrawals are subject to 
30 days’ loss of interest on the 
amount withdrawn. Full de- 
tails from Harpenden Building 
Society, 14 Station Road. 
Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 
4SE (Harpenden 4904). 

past five years Gresham Capital CHECK i 

Inv^stmait Bonds have enjoyed an 1NVE2 
average annual growth of 2Z6%r ADVA 

fvL it means that • a proven gre 
£5X00 in the Fund m Dec 1980 226%oa* 

was worth E13B49 by Dec. 1985. • fmestmemb 

ThatS far higher than any high Framfington' 
street fcmkt^jostt account or Team, vraed 

buiWnig society could ofifa - over a Cr *5’j* Thl 
smilarpenod. investment it 



Your investment wtD be finKed * irrveament e 
to tt» Gresham/Framtagton 
Income Thst Fima managed by omerFunds. 

the highly successful Framiington * ft choic e of re 
Unit Management Team. A ttmi m«am 

Framlirqton have been voted * oppo 
■19B4 Management Group of The &500ormcCT 
Year - by What Investment 
magazine, aid they win spread your investment 
through a portfolio of selected high-jteWmg UK 
shares. Ybull have the exciting prospect of long term 
capital growth -and regular income. 

Should jrou wish to ay your hand at managing 
your own inve stm e nts . you may switch between any 
of our other speoatist Funds or Managed Fund at any 


• A proven grown raw of 

• tnuesOTiembytteawart-wmng 
Framiington Unit Management 

I Team, voted '1984 Management 
Croup of The Vear by wha 
Investment magazine. 

• Easy access -opporuinty w casn 
m whenewryou moose. 

• Investment n an Income Fund, 
witn opportunity to switch to 
other Funds. 

• ft choice of regular income, along 
term in.KKXmefit.or both. 

• Further opportungie to invest 
£500 or more. 

IPCP if cv time. And your first switch in any 
gjjjyy 11 policy yeer is free of charga 


IAGES 'itou can cash in aH or part of 

irawof your bond whenever you choose. 

without any personal liability to 
Bawart-wmnmg basic rate Income Tax or Capital 

t Management Cans Tax. 


cine. Vtxi can also opt for regular 

wrointjFtocasn "^drawat.wChup to5%p^.of 
ctioose. yourin^ investment temg free of 

i income Fund. any personal taxes. 5o tong as your 

i to swrtch to Pond grows at a faster rate than 

your can enjoy ttie 
it mcome.a long Denefm of a regular income and a 
or both. Itxig term investment, 

mpes to invest INVEST TODAY 

Taking advantage of the 
Gresham / FramDr^ton Income 
Trust Fund is simple. Just complete 
the coupon below; and send it to us. No stam p is 
needed . VW will than send you furtterlxSIjrof tne 
Bond in a free explanatory brochure and an sppli- 
caoon form, with details of your 1% bonus offer. 

■TT* **'■.** Am uai 0'owS' tf22.i;»i.r* ryezjn ^jr.h-.yy 
Tru: srtMw. ?tt twruef vjfti j,; 71 ,■ 1385 *£, 

cc • .n 


1b: Gresham. FREEPOST. Bournemouth BH4 9BR Reese send me. with no obligation whatsoever, 
details of the Capital I nuestment Bond. I understand that no salesman will caEL 

Name . 


Ftastaxte Name of investment advisor (if 2 nvi t*m 

Invest (minimum El 000) b 


niniitiii « ■■■■»■ i ni 

Fbqct™ Ei £nqiarjd«in Vires %io 1TS8SI6 
hew OfTkr am l*oespw tonst 


A 11 opportunity to make your money grow 
by investing in Britain’s young companies 

And get £300 to £600 from the 

Government for every £1,000 you invest. 

The Government will pay you to invest in 
ambitious young companies. 

The reason for ft eir generosity is twofold. 
To attract new money to boost the economy. 

And, of course, to help create new jobs. 

The 30°/o Tax Payer 

Taxable income of £16200. 

Invest £24H)0 in the Blackfriars BE5 
Fund and get 

£600 back from the Inland Revenue. 

Invest £5,000 and get back £1,500. 

Invest £1(MH)0 and get back £3,000. 

Hence the Government's Business 
Expansion Scheme (its called BES for short). 

Investing in any company in the Scheme 
immediately brings you substantial and 
exceptional savings. So much so that the real 
cost of your investment is cut dramatically, as 
you will see in the tables. 

Your BES investment qualifies for relief at 
your highest rate of income tax. 

So if you are paying 30% tax, every £1.000 
you .invest will actually cost you only £700. 

If you pay 40%, every £1,000 invested in 
BES companies only costs you £600. 

■ The higher ycrur tax rating, the larger the 
sum you receive as a tax rebate 

Of course, ft ese savings are only part of 
the story. For successful BES investment, you 
- should look for yo or money to grow And grow 

But how do you separate the potential 
'Golden Geese’ from the lame ducks? For most 
investors this is the ctudal dilemma. 

How can you know which BES 
companies to invest in? 

There are already hundreds of companies 
working successfully in the Business 
Expansion Scheme. 

And new share offers are constantly coming 
onto the market 

Investing in any one of them immediately 

qualifies you for tax relief 

But as you're investing to make your 
capita] grow, how can you judge which 
companies will be high fliers? ' 

. Which will perform less well? Which will 

As, under BES rules, you need to keep your 
holdings for a minimum of 5 years, you could 
pay a small, army of expert financial advisers. 

Or you could invest in the Blackfriars BES 

It places a wealth of financial expertise at 
your disposal in identifying wen-managed' 
companies with real growth potential 

And then puts that expertise to work in 
advising the companies with the aim of 
ensuring thefr growth potential is folly 

The Blackfriars BES Fond. 
And how it can work for you. 

You can invest from £2,000 to £40.000 in 
the Fund which, in him. win invest in a 
carefully selected portfolio of BES companies. 

Applications must be received no later than 
February 28th 1986. 

. The Fund wlD invest in a spread of 
extensively evaluated companies. This not 
only spreads the risk, h is alsu designed to 

increase the chances of making your money 

You wfi] receive an Investment Certificate 
showing how many shares you own. And in 
which companies within the Bund. 

How we choose the companies to 
invest in. 

■ The Fund’s investments are selected by an 
Investment Committee of professional 

Their names and particular areas of 

The 40% Tax Payer 

Taxable income of £19^200. 

Invest £2H00 in (he Blackfriars BES 
Fond and gel 

£800 back from thelnland Revenue- 

Invest £34H)0 and get back £1^200. 

Invest £5,000 and get back £1,800. 

Invest £10,000 and get back £3.300. 

Invest £12,000 and gel back £3,900. 

expertise, along with their credentials, are 
fuOy listed in the Memorandum which will be 
sent to you on completing the coupon. 

The Investment Committee specialises in 
identifying; and then investing in and advising 
young companies with high growth potential 

The Investment Committee, in turn, are 
backed by the experience of Harvard 
Securities PLC who are Managers to the Fund. 

Harvard Securities PLC are leaders in the 
crucially important sector of raising 
investment capital for companies with growth 
potential They have raised over £32.000,000 
for U.K. companies. 

Constant monitoring' of your 

The Fund will be investing in 'a portfolio of 
hand-picked companies. 

The Investment Committee's aim is to 
make the most of these companies’ growth 
potential And your investment in the Fund. 

They will constantly monitor the progress 
of companies within the Fund's portfolio and 
make their experience available to the 
companies with the object of further 
maximising each company’s growth 

They wffl report to you on a regular basis 
on the Fund's overall performance as well as 
on the individual companies in which 
investment has been made. You will also 
receive Annual Audited accounts. 

How can yon sell your shares? 

If you sell your shares at any time after the 
5 year BES qualifying period, you still keep 
your valuable BES tax relief. 

By the time you do decide to sell, some of 
the companies in the Fund may well have gone 

They may be quoted on the Unlisted 
Securities Market 

Or have a full Stock Market Listing. 

Either way your shares could then readily 
be sold 

Other companies in the Fund may merge or 
attract take-over bids. Or attract investment 

from City Institutions. All of which could 
establish a further market for your shares. 

Then Harvard Securities are well placed to 
help you, as they trade with more than 50.000 
private io^lstors. 

When you sell any of your shares, any 

The 50% Tax Payer 

Taxable income of £32^00. 

Invest £2,000 in the Blackfriars BES 
Fund and gel 

£1,000 back from the Inland Revenue. 

Invest £3,000 and get back £1*500. 

Invest £.5,000 and get back £2.500. 

Invest £8,000 and get back £3.99.5. 

Invest £10.000 and get back £4L895. 

Invest £20,000 and get back £8,660. 

profits will of course be subject to normal 
Capital Gains Tax. as with any other 
successful investment. 

A unique buy-back guarantee. 

Some companies in the portfolio may well 
decide to stay as private companies. How do 
you then sell your shares? The answer is 
Blackfriars unique 'Buy- Back Guarantee! 

Harvard Securities PLC, (Managers to the 
FiindJ guarantee the sale of your shares in 
private companies within the Fund. at a price 
that reflects aj least the full net asset value of 
the company at the time of sale. 

And that net asset value will be determined 
on your behalf, by independent auditors. 

(You should note that depending on the 
progress of the company the net asset value 
could be appreciably luwer. or appreciably 
higher than the price you originally paid. Or. 
perhaps, be nil}. 

The element of risk. 

The safest wav to invest in shares is to opt 
fur old-established companies. 

With young companies the rewards can be 
far greater. But so too can the risks. Successful 

investment cannot be guaranteed 

However, the Government designed the tax 
savings on BES offers as a way to cut the real 
cost of your investment and substantially 
compensate for the risk involved 
The Investment Committee of the 
Blackfriars BES Fund, along with Harvard 
Securities PLC aim to reduce the risk still . 
further by selecting only BES companies, that, 
in their view, offer the best prospects for 
sustained and healthy growth. 

Management charges. 

There is a once and for all charge for 

The 60% Tax Payer 

T u vablr i nronie of £tt(L2lM). 

Invest £2.000 in tin* Blackfriars BES 
Fund and »rl 

£1200 bark from iht* Inland Reienue. 
Invest £5.000 and gel back £3,000. j 
Invest £10.000 and get back S16JUH1. { 
Invest £20,000 and gel back £12.000. ! 
!nv esl £30,000 and gel back £ 1 8.000. j 
Invest £40,000 and get buck £24.0011 j 

management and administration of 6.9% of the 
sum you have invested This includes VAT. 
There will be no extra charge. 

Your next step is to find out more. 

The coupon below will bring you all the 
information you need to make a carefully 
considered decision. 

It is not an invitation to send money or to 
invest here and now. 

Instead our Memorandum will be sent to 
you. It carefully sets out the details of tax 
advantages you have a right to claim. 

It explains exactly haw the Fund is run. 

With Blackfriars' expertise and the 
Government’s concessions, completing the 
coupon could be the wisest investment you . 
ever make 

The Blackfriars BES Fund 

An Approved Business Expansion Scheme Fund 

Managed by 


Licensed Dealers in Securities. 

Blackfriars BES Fund 42/44 Dolben Street, LondonSEl Ol'Q. 

Please send mi money with this coupon. 

To: Blackfriars BES Fund, 1LV44 Dolben St. London SE1 Ufc'Q. Tel: 01-9UH 2661. 

Please >end me the Memorandum giving details on investing in the Blackfriars Managed BF.S Fund- 
I understand (here is no ubligatiun for me :«» inves^. 

_ - - - 



j . '-I 





The tables above assume full use of BES lax relief at the highest relevant rates ot tax When the limits ai a tax band are reached, the table utilises tax relief at the next rules bd<i». 

Thi'> advertisement dor* nut constitute an invilation lo subscribe to the Fund. Subscriptions may be made univ on iheb.i>i> nf ihr n-rnis and vnnriitmrh* set mil in titr Menu ir and mn drscribinn tin* Fund. 

Thu* lilW 


* i * 


With over eight hundred unit trusts available and more being launched each month, how do you 
know which to choose? In reality there are only three basic types of unit trust, and M&G has an out- 
standingly successful example of each: Recovery Fund for capital growth. Dividend Fund for 
income, and SECOND General for a balance 

between income and growth. 

You should remember that new funds or 
funds which suffer a change of management 
are likely to be more of a gamble than those 
which can point to a long and successful record. 
M&G's investment team has remained largely 



If you need income whicft will grow over the years M&G Dividend Fund 
could be your ideal investment The Fund invests in a wide range of 
ordinary shares and aims to provide above average and increasing 
income andayield about 50°o higher than the FT. Actuaries All-Share Index. 

unchanged for many years, and our long-term 
i record reflects this. Past perform- 

ance cannot be a guarantee for the future, but it 
is usually the best measure you have of a fund's 
likelihood of achieving its objective. 

We are offering an extra 1% unit allocation if 
you invest £1,000 or more and 2% if you invest 
£10,000 or more per Fund. 

The price of units and the income from them 
may go down as well as up. This means that unit 
trusts are a long-term investment and not suit- 
able for money you may need at short notice. 

COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TABLE. JUO.OOG invented in Income unit'll the 
Uudih of ?.!&G Dividend Fund on wh May. V36A. compared wnti a stmrfai 
gjgggl in a Building Sooerv 

'ear w 









































NOTES All intone Figures she*"’ are net erf basic rale u*. 

The Building Society merme houres arel;% atme the average ol the tales 
ottered in each year (source. Suiting Societies Association], 
m&G Dividend carnal heures a re an reahvahem values 'Estimated. 





M&G Recovery Fund is probably the most successful unit trust ever 
launched and the table belowshowsjust how well it has achieved its aim 
of capital growth. The Fund buys the shares of companies which have 
fallen on hard times. Losses must be expected when a company fails to 
recover but the effect of a turnround can be diamatic. 

M&G SECOND General Trust Fund aims for consistent growth of both 
capital and income and has a 29-year performance record which is 
second to none. It has a wide spread of shares mainly in British 

COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TABLE-V.ilue :» ilOi'uC >i me launch 

otM&uftrKa«e>i Funaon ’iroivUv iw? ftiihnei income remursied 










23 May '69 





















NOTES AH ('eye:, include reinvesW mtonenei ol basic *a»e ia» 

The Budding >:<cntfy f'gur« are based or an eWia iniwest j.riuunl .jflenng 1 -% 
above tee average vearty raieiwuice Striding Societies Asio».iat vni 

M&G Recovery figures are 3l' real cation values 

COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TABLE. Value o» £10.000 invested al toe 
launefi ul SECOND General on Sib June. 1956. witn net income ranvested 

•rear en.ied 








5 June ‘56 


















1 7,143 








NOTES figures include lemvesten income i*a erf bass rale tax. 

The SuMng Sooetv figures are twsecf on an eMramteest account ottering J l :% 
above tbe a-, et a^e yearly raie (source ftitfchngSoMiesAssocuiion) 

M&G SECOND General figures are ail reaksaticn values 

Recovery Fund 
Dividend Fund 
SECOND General 

FURTHER INFORMATION On 29th January 1936 ottered 
pnees and estimated gross current yicWs were 

Income Accumulation Yield 
297 9p xd 381. 9p 3 41% 

357 4p 1032 4p 5 34% 

605 8p xd I181-9p 3 93% 

Pnees and yields appear daily in ’he Financial Time*, The 

difference between the offered' puce (at which you buv unit:.i 
and the 'bid' price (at ■which you sell} is normally 6 C , An initial 
charge of S'- is included m the offered price ana an annual 
charge ot Up Ip 1° c 01 each fund's value - currently .” « - pine 
VAT 15 deducted from gm-ss income. Income for Accumulation 
urul5isreinvi?$iedtoinaeasethen value andlo* incc>meumtj n 
is distributed net d basic rale fa* on me loliowing dares 


All applications received by 5th April, 1986 will be given an extra 1% aflocation of units. 
This wilt increase to 2% for applications of £10.000 or more per Fund. 

Please invest the sumisj indicated below m the FumJJs} of my c Deuce (minimum investment 
in each Fund: £1.000) <o ACCUMULATION /INCOME unite (delete as applicable or 
Accumulation units will be issued for Recovery and SECOND and Income units will be issued for 
Dividend) at the pnee ruling on receipt of this application. DO NOT SEND ANY MONEY. 

A contract note will te v?ni ro ,0u siding ■■ ' - — — 

eoctly how vou om* and ihe settlement 
date rouicedrf’caKrwrfitciUowshcinty 


20 Feb 

20 Aug 

15 Jan 

15 July 

15 Feb ■ 
15 Aug 1 


1 U*. iiOOO- 



Next distritmtiofi 
tor new investors 

20 Aug 
1986 i 

15 July 

15 Aug 

1986 1 


.«l% iJ yOC'l 



You can buy or sdf unite on anv business day Contracts lor ® 
purchase or sale will oe due lor settlement ;«o :,i rtu ee '.ve** s 1 


,m ii ,rjoi 



taler. ReiTNjnerauon e. payable to accredited agents: rate*, are 

avaiiableon request The Trustee lor Dividend and Recovery is 

Barclap Band Trust Co Umnedand forSECOND iSUoydsBant 

Pic The Funds are all vtrder range inuestmenis and are 
autti«:inMd by the Secretary oi State tor Trade and industry 

M&G Securities Limited, Three Quays. Tower Hill. 
London EC3R 6BQ. Tel: 01-626 45B8. 

Member of the Umr Trust Association 






TC 480516 


if you had chosen fifteen 
save £20 a month in a f 
and had left the interest to accumulate, 
by 1st January 1986 your total outlay of 
£3,600 would have built up to £7,192. On 
the other hand, if you had chosen to save 
the same amount each month in one of 
our larger unit trusts, M&G SECOND 
Genera (Trust Fund, you would have built 
up an investment worth £16,376, an 
extra £9,184. 

You can start an M&G Unit Trust 
Savings Han with as Bttfe as £20. You need 
not subscribe regularly but we strongly 

Your Savings Plan subscnptionsgo into 
Accumulation units of the Fund you choose 
and income is reinvested automatically ate 
basic-fate tax. Further details of the Funds and 

A MONTH BY 1st JAN. 1986 

the 8ankers Order form. By saving a 
regular amount you make fluctuations in 
the stockmarket work to your advantage 

because more units are bought when the* 
i it is nigh. 

price is low than when 

Unit Trusts are an excellent method 
of investing in the various stockmarfcets 
of the worwL and are ideal for regular in- 
vestment over the longer t^m. They are 
not suitable for money you may need at 
short notice. 

The price of units and the income 
from them may go down as well as up. 




I /an 1901 









Amount oad in 


M&G Recovery 

M&G Dividend 

2. 342 







ET. Industrial 
Ordinary Index 




Budding Society 
Savings Account 




the Rules of the flan are available on request 
AH the Funds are wider-range investments and 
are authorised by the Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry 

The only charges are those you normally 
pay with unit trusts -5% included in the inttai 
pnee of units and up to 1% annually (curertly 
limited to %% except for International Income 

Source. Planned Savings. 

AM performance figures include income ran- 
vested net of basic-rare lax The faures for the 
M&G Funds are W price. You should 
remember that pad performance is rx) aaranto? 
lor the future. 

Fund which isl%) for management There are 
no extra charges for this Savir 

i charges for this Savings Ran. 
You can vary the amount you pay and 
you arefree to cash in your accumubted invest- 
ment or part of it at any time without penalty 
The securities in a unit trust are held in 
safe custody by theTrustee (oneof the major 
banks). You can follow the progress of your 
plan by looking up the price of units and the 
current yield in the Financial Times or other 
leading newspapers. You buy units at the 
‘offer’ price and sell at the 'bid' price 


'Cl IS© ir*ffntr«»ii«ineU''r rruV^iecvnnn I 



The minimum age for the Unit Trust Savings 
Plan is 14. but accounts for younger drtdren 
can be opened in the name of an adult and 
designated with the child's fuH name. 



SP 480516 

| ■— - — __ — — __ 




each month to the M&G UnitTrufitSavingsPtan 
and I enclose a cheque (made payable to M&G 
Securities Limited) for my firxt subscription of 
[you may wish to start your 
plan with a lump sun). 


(wish my subscriptions to be invested snthe 

["bankers order do not detach from enrolment form 


ft no Fund is arcied your ctan wilt 

be fn*ed to M&G SECOI®. 















m-m-m rrrrrnTi 

C««yC.uT iWki* 


ftWrgMcNetionallWeWniiWMr Bank ALC.19HfcwiIatiamSrra9t.O»rirariB»<t CM2 Mil. 
Account No. 5S7X32?0 leu irrcree,) :i M&G Secunues Lanud .i^trpiGS^'-Ari ICUiAL cuormg 

Accoi^rNo (LEAVE BLANK) | [ | 1 1 T 1 1 1 1 f 1 1 nesL-r. :f)l 


| on tor 

-ft® {/.urs r>ff rftj-sra-W r tre Of MSC 

Stf : Orr.&a ;coo"t -naer ."ne 

•v#s (>f toe awK ‘ftfeSa.’-gi “U " account 1 r-e^g 
cae~*e-x2r>*e3e-et-?<)ta^t'->c: ctoas* '^'■^s'etoe 

lisioersrana tfta: hsrw stfRsncuonscanM nuKeal anyarr* 
i<raimnijmi^Cii am] naricjnr^vm.n.jli^jnan, busmfei 
tUy mmrmi nenaUy a t<W M onr.« rjw% 

-tU, lN- 

3 1 jprlf iPue f u Dcf v jn «ognf -n ttv-_ 

monrh^juartei- until funner ortfer i 


»"!•< irwo m jrt m, v ^ji/nr «nr- >a. 1:3 m wne tc lane siO tuvmentl 


oar £_ 


- - j Jl« 1-rr 

I li- n.t,- 

Ij. ,•» Crj-u^l.; l «;;nc 


Does that sinking sensation Which is best. Mini or Volvo? In die end the choice is yours 
feel more like drowning these 

days when your car insurance 
renewal notice drops on the 

In the past two years car 
premiums have shot up. 
From this month the Associ- 
ation of British Insurers' 
1300 family saloon garaged in 
Cheshire has reached £151 a 

In January Iasi year it was 
£134, so the increase is 12.6 
per cenL The previous year 
the increase was a more 
modest 8 per cent And that 
12.6 per cent is only the 
average. Many insurers have 
pushed rates even higher — 
between 15 and 18 per cent 
is the past year. Some have 
pushed up premiums twice in 
the past 12 months. 

ABl members, mostly the 
large composites and not 
Lloyd's, point to their ag- 
gregate loss in 1984 of £222 
million — the latest available 
figure — on car insurance. 
This was the eighth consec- 
utive year of losses. The 
increased ciaims during the 
past two years are to blame, 
say these hard-pressed insur- 
ance chaps. Claims are reck- 
oned to have risen 7.5 per 
cent in 1984 and a similar or 
worse rise is expected for 
.1985. Why has there been a 
jump in claims? There are 
various theories including the 
slightly far-fetched “worsen- 
ing condition of the roads”. 
Another is the effect that the 
compulsory wearing of seat- 
belts has had on a driver’s 

On the road to 
cheaper rates 

confidence — he might be 
braking that fraction later or 
taking that corner a bit 

The relatively new Pro- 
tected No Claims Discount, 
where for about IO to 15 per 
cent extra premium the NCB 
is kept intact even after a 
claim, has encouraged the 
motorist to claim where once 
he had paid out of his own 
pocket. But insurers have 
allowed for this in the extra 

One of the most plausible 
theories is that people drive 
more and foster. The typical 
family saloon such as an 
Escort or an Astra does 35 
mpg or more, where four 
years ago its equivalent was 
doing around 25 to 28 mpg. 

The stable price of petrol is 
another factor adding plau- 
sibility to this theory. The net 
result is that trip to the in- 
laws on Sunday is more likely 
to occur, and the family is 
more likely to' take the 
longer, “scenic route” as wdL 

So what does the motorist 
do to try to minimize the 
impact of big hikes in his car 
insurance? Apart from buying 
a lower “group” car next 

Car Insurance Premiums 

MM 1000 Cortina 1600 Volvo 360 GLS 

Central London 
middle price 
most expensive 
middle price 
most expensive 
middle price 
most expensive 

£ 102 

£ 139 








£ 52 

£ 72 


£ 76 

£110 - 


£ 99 



£ 54 

£ 75 


£ 83 






Cost DW w for tulty comprehensive insurance tor man of 35, satf and spouse 
only to dme. ha no deans dtecoutt from three Afferent Usurers raratoa bom me 
mgjt eape ng w o k> tne ch eapest Source: 

time, the answer is to shop 
triously than before or to 
trim on cover — go for an ex- 
cess of £50 or even £300. 
limit who can drive the car 
or consider third party fire 
and theft cover only for an 
older car. worth less than, 
say, £LOOO. , 

Comparing quotations is 
harder because the premium 
increases have been univer- 
sal But it is, nevertheless, 
well worth doing as the 
differences between one 
quote and another are still 

The wide price range is 
because most insurance 
companies are looking for the 
lowest risk group, inevitably 
Mr Average. Fortunately, al- 
though Mr Average gets the 
best deal, rates differ because 
every company has a dif- 
ferent idea of who be is. 

Sun Alliance (one of the 
big three in car insurance 
along with Guardian Royal 
Exchange and General Ac- 
cident) sought spedficialiy in 
1985 to minimize the impact 
of rate increases for its 
version of Mr Average. 

in its case he is 3S-plu&, 
owner of a group 1 to 3 family 
car, not living in a city 

While Sun Alliance made 
selective increases averaging 
a high 15 per cent, Mr 
Average was offered a 5 per 
cent improvement on his 
NCB discount as well as a IO 
per cent cut if the vehicle was 
not used for commuting to 

If you are young, and 
worse, want to drive a fast 
car. nobody loves you and if 
you live in a city avoid die 
composite insurers. The best 
bet is to try Lloyd's. Lloyd's 

syndicates go for the higher- 
risk higher-pre mium market 
They like the extra cash, so 
they tend to offer a much 
more competitive rate than 
their company rivals (the 
difference can be £300 and 

The proverbial drawback 
to Lloyd's is that the 
syuidcates are notorious for 
the time they take to settle a 
claim and there are also "tin 
pot syndicates to be 
avoided", as one broker put 


The most effective move 

when insuring a car is to go 
i Broker 

straight to a broker and ask 
for several quotes. The Auto- 
mobile Association brokes 
for 1.1 million motorists and 
it stresses its considerable 
back-up and clout when 
claims are being settled, and 
its nationwide network. 

However, one Times 
reader used tlx: AA service 
and drew our attention to the 
lack of after-sales care. 

He used the AA for several 
years until last year when his 
premium jumped from £240 
to £280. He made inquiries 
and received' another quote 
of £1601 When he drew this 
to the AA's attention, it came 
up with a similarly priced 

The AA says our reader 
must have “slipped through 
the net", as it sends out an 
alternative quote with the 
renewal notice if h feds the 
original insurer is looking 

In 1985 about 30 per cent 
of AA customers opted for a 
change of insurer at renewal 
compared with a 15 to 20 per 
cent changing the year before. 

The .AA is careful not io 
daim to quote the cheapest 
insurer, and there are a 
number of big insurance 
broker chains such as An- 
drew & Booth owned by 
Mills & Allen International, 
and Anthony Gover. a big 
broker in south-east England, 
which both daim to check if 
the renewal quote is compet- 

Hilaire Gomer 


Top people read 

about Schroder 
Financial Management 

...... — ..C.l l • ■ . _ 

People who are successful - or who are aspiring to success 
-expect and require high standards in the management of their 
financial aftiirs. 

To meet the needs of such individuals, partnerships and 
private companies. Schroders have brought together ail the 
experience, products and expertise of the individual Schroder 

The result is a comprehensive financial management 
service embracing l ‘nit Trusts. life .issurancr. pensions, .isset 
management, banking and much more. 

It is called Schroder Financial Management Ltd It could 

make an important contribution to your financial management 

_ F° r more information, please return the coupon. 

|~Tb: Schnido- Financial Management Limited. 1 

| l-RKEFOT. Hnterpnv: Hnu-<\ P..vt*TJ.iuth POl IHR. Tri: «nvj 
| Plcivc wnd me your brochure :ihi..ur.SchrfjJLT FirurKul M.irugenutit 1 
| -VlOK ■ — I 

I ' 

I I in jiiu.ll MtKl(iUn\|, t „ | 

Schroder Financial Management 



Ar V ! 1 

•’.» V- * 


■:?r p!V 


!. ■- 

J* Si\ Lr liS£> 

:_J» . 

%* tr 

m a 

'■Si" —'■>>'*■ 

-*. - 
V .4 

B* ■-..*# • «• 

vr . $*-“• * 

:#>; > = 


yf? - . ; • . . 






Sgg? 1 *! ™y sound like a 
c<2// My Bluff epics- 

JJfJ! e But it is the name 

oj^a restaurant. which Cfaar- 
totte Street Restaurants is 
J^jJng £2.9 million to buy 

which is, m feet, coming back 

Sen? Wte **“ 

L^t year Charlotte Street 

Restaurants raised the same 
amount of money to acquire 
a restaurant called BertoreUi 
which has been 
jpjroished and opened as 
'-ate Italien des Amis du Vin 
The present offering. Bra- 
Sanza, follows the same 
pattern as the first Kennedy 
Brookes, the publicly quoted 
restaurant chain, will 
the new restaurant through a 
subsidiary and wfll maintain 
>ts 28 per cent stake in the 

Potential investors should 
derive some reassurance from 
Kennedy Brookes’s large 

The company is paying the 
same price as ’ outside 
shareholders - £1.30 a share 
- although ii is taking 
options and warrants over 5 
per cent, of the enlarged 

Baltic is also taking options 
and warrants — on the same 
terms as Kennedy Brookes — 

metrtHC H-mtismmr 



11 LA 1 ‘ 

except these entitled it to 20 
per cent of the enlarged 

. There is nothing untoward 
in all this, provided that the 
options and warrants are 
exercisable at a premium set! 
at a reasonable level above 
the current price of die 

. In this particular case there 
>s a staggered system whereby 
Kennedy and . Baltic would 
pay £1.50 a share if taking up 
their rights before April 5. 
1993, and £2 a share later. 

Compared with some re- 
cent BES issues, the 15 per 
cent premium represented by 
the £1.50 price es favourable 
to Kennedy and Baltic and a 
potential dilution for or- 
dinary' investors. 

This level of growth - over 

seven years —is hardly 
challenging for a company 
with substantial asset backing 
in the form of central 
London property. 

There are, nevertheless 
many positive aspects to ihis 
particular BES issue. There is 
substantial asset hacking, and 
experienced management,] 
while BES qualification i$- 
certain and investors are' 
likely to get speedy tax relief 
As for the name 'Braganza, 
this is a throwback to the 
days when the restaurant was 
Portuguese and named alter 
Catherine of Braganza, the 
Portuguese wife of Charles II. 

She was accused of trying 
to poison the king in 1678. 
Did the sponsor know this? 

Lawrence Lever 

jpP^^ From the topU.K, Managers 


Now get 

Europe^ growth for your 
monthly savings 

Investment in countries such as 
Wfest Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Ranee 
and Austria is booming-and now MLA 
opens up Europe toybu -the regular 
saver. Monthly saving through unit 
trusts has been cons5stently ■ - 
recommended by financial experts. 
MLA European Trust is a new unit trust, 
for monthly sayings or lump sums, 

; wliich invests in stock markets, 
throughout Europe -including London. 

Tfou om-sav? as little as £20 a ■ 

. month and ift highly flexible. You can 
put in a lump sum at any time. And you 
can withdraw some or all of your 
investments at any time. Iris an ideal- 
and tax-efficient- way to save. 

MLA Unit Trust Management, 

MLA (Jim Truss Mjiugrmv ih'k a member of ihe Urol 
Trust Assotiducn. MLA Unit Thwt Mafugenhfm {bang 
j irddingiunx- of MLA 1 m e* muni Maru^ement LimiMdL 
j Dhpih-oRnrd MithJdUrv d Mumciful Mutual 
Insurance Limned. Rendered Other : 22 Old Qiwrn Si rwi. 
London SVITH 9HK Reglrtrivd No (24268 ( FEn#ajndj 

which manages this new Trust, is already 
expen in UK investment markets. Of all 
unit trusts in existence 7 years ago, 

MLA General Trust is the top performer 
over that period. (Source: Money 
Managementjanuary 1986.) 

3f you'd like to see yourmcmey ■ 
really grow, get full details of regular 
savings (or lump sura investment, if you 
prefer) in the MLA European Trust. Just 
send in the coupon . 

Fro :ML A Unit Trust Management, 

.] FREEPOST, Maidstone, Kent ME14 1BR. - 
| Telephone: Maidstone (0622) 674751. 

I Pluaw >*nd me lull deioil* and an application form for 
. regular saving.' lump -uni' iiiv«-nnurm in MLA 
I European Tmcl. ‘Jrlftt a* appropriate 

I Name (Mr'Mre.'MpK'Msf -- , J 

Finance on 
show in 

If yon missed the Money 85 
Show in London yon can 
catch a smaller version of it 
north of the border in May of 
this year. 

The Scottish Money Show 
takes place in Glasgow from 
May 15 to 17, ran by the same 
organisers who made such a 
succe ss Of the London event 
last antrnnn. 

The exhibition will have 
about 80 stands and exhib- 
itors from a range of financial 
services companies are ex- 
pected to be there to give 
advice and guidance to vis- 

There will be seminars 
organised, covering aD aspect 
of personal finance. Entrance 
to these seminars will be free. 

Lorna Bonrke, editor of 
these pages, will be one of the 
speakers ami seminars will be 
followed by a question and 
answer session when yon wiH 
be able to pnt your partwnhr 
problem to the exports. 

F "The show will be particu- 
larly attractive to private 
investors, the owners and 
directors of growing busi- 
nesses and financial advisers, 
as it represents the first 
opportunity for Scots to 
assess and dkfwat investment 
with aD the expats under one 
roof,** explains Richard Cop- 
ley Smith, the show's 

“Onr research has revealed 
some fascinating statistics. 
Scots are better banked, 
saved, insured and over 90 
per cent more likely to invest 
in nmt trusts than the 
English. In addition, they are 
61 per cent more likely to own 
stocks and shares. 

FnD details available from 
The Scottish Money Show, 4 
Dewar Place Lane, Edin- 
burgh, EH3 8 EF. Tet 031 

our rale for lari 



our rate for larger 



The Cheltenham Goldloan rate for 
endowment or pension linked mortgages 
is currently 12.9% typical APR 13.9%. 
Compare that with the rates offered by 
other leading building societies and 
banks and you'll see just how 
competitive Cheltenham Goldloan is. 

Loans are available for mortgages 
of £30,000 or more, including 
remortgage arrangements. Naturally 
security will be required for the loan and 
the rate may vary. 

For full written details simply 
complete and return the FREEPOST 
coupon or, if it’s more convenient, call 
into your nearest C&G branch. 

To: Cheltenham & Gloucester Building Society, 

FREEPOST, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire GL50 1BR. 

Please send me full written details on Cheltenham Goldloan. 



The Cheltenham Goldloan rate for 
endowment or pension linked mortgages 
is currently 12.9% typical APR 13.9%. 
Compare that with the rates offered by 
other leading building societies and 
banks and you’ll see just how 
competitive Cheltenham Goldloan is. 

Loans are available for mortgages 
of £30,000 or more, including 
remortgage arrangements. Naturally 
securitywiil be required for the loan and 
the rate may vary. 

For full written details simply 
complete and return the FREEPOST 
coupon or, if it’s more convenient, call 
into your nearest C&G branch. 

To: Cheltenham & Gloucester Building Society. 

FREEPOST, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire GLSO 1 BR 

Please send me full written details on Cheltenham Goldloan. 



nd Mids 
ice -ebel 
ra* 1 Si 

res off 



Over 160-branches throughout the UK. See Yellow Pages. 



Over 160 branches throughout the UK. See 'fellow Pages. 




A \| w bks investment linked to om 


C A Fund apiwwjd by the hihnd Bwhiub under ilw terms i the Finance Act I 1 W3 > 

The BESure concept divided an investment between BES qualifying 
companies and an Investors’ Protection and Management Fund This will 
provide a unique investment safeguard supported by insurance placed 
£ith Guardian Roval Exchange Assurance pic, whilst still preserving the 
tremendous potential inherent in the Business Expansion 5cheme. The | 
minimum investment is £3,000; maximum £60,000. The application list * 
has now opened and may be closed at any time up to and including 

Fridav Hth March 3986. ; 

This advertisement does not constitute an invitation to participate m 

the Fund fall details of which ate contained in the Memorandum. Please 
complete the coupon below or rail 01-734 6676 for your copy. 

Investment in unquoted companies carries higher risks as. well as | 
diance of higher rewards. Before deciding to proceed with an 
oTnli.-uion individuals should consult their professional advisors. 

rortunities from 

Touche Remnant 

Smaller Unit Trust Group of 1985 

TR Special Opportunities Fund - up 65.3% in i985* 

Anglo-American Trust Co. pic 

Princes House, 36 Jennyn Sum. London SV1Y 6 DT 
Telephone Ol -734 6676 Telex: 266467 

o; Anglo-American Trust Co. pic Princes House. 

36 Jennyn. Street, London S9Fty6DT 
\3 pk&se send me foil details of The BESure TYusi Fund 

pj^ase Indude me on your maibi^Hst for foture issues. □ 


66 Smaller group of 1985 has to be Touche Remnant. 
Chairman Peter Gray and managing director John 
Gittings have a formidably good, young investment 
team. ## The Sunday Telegraph. December 15th. 19S5.+ 

66 One of the star performers, this year at least, is the 
27-year-old manager, John Alexander; who was 
responsible for TR Special Opportunities and TR 
General Growth - both high-flyers.## 

The Times, December 28ih, 


66 When searching for companies to put into TR 
Special Opportunities Fund, I look for the smaller 
company with high quality management and a strong 
balance sheet, which has yet to become fashionable. 

I steer well clear of companies which have already 
come to the market’s attention and which might be 
thought of as being the flavour of the month. 

Secondly, 1 always tiy to get to know the manage- 
ment of the companies in which we invest. I find that 
this gives me a much better insight into future devel- 
opments. It also means that I get a very good feel for 
the way in which the company is being run. Strangely 
though, knowing what to leave alone is perhaps as 
important as knowing what to buy. For example,! took 
the fund entirely out of technology stocks towards the 
end ofI984 and have not yet re-entered the sector. 

I believe that by sticking to what we know best, 
going our own way and not following the herd, we 
will continue to provide an excellent return for our 

General Information 

TR Spi'Cial Opportunities Fund i* managed to tali- aduniagi- ol »pvrul 
sjtmiinm including rr coven nock*. laic -out poaMbilitirv. under-valued 
asset opportunities and product innovation companies. The Fund i* 
predominantly invented in the United Kingdom, but advantage will alvu he 

taken of special opportunities in overseas nurketv. 

Since launch in lanuan 198 3.TRSpcciaIOpponunhii.*»Fundhj.vriM , nbvover 
■ 121.4% {Offer to offer - net income reinvested - 20th januarv PS J tu 10th 
January 198&K 

The Fund fe constituted by a Trust Deed dated 14th December 1982 and isa 
widcr-rangr investment under the Trustee Investments Ad l Q bL The Trust 
Deed permits up to 23% of the Fund to be invested in Unlisted Securities 
Market siodcs. Applications will be acknowledged on receipt of vour 
instrucQDns and certificates will be despatched within b weeks. Repurchase 
proceeds will be forwarded within lOdayvofreceiprofrcnounced certificates 
bythe Managers, Units are dealt in daily and the pricesandyieldarc published 
in leading national newspapers. For your guidance the offer price of units on 
Thursday 30th January >986 was 5b-Sp with an estimated current gross yield 
•of 1.79%. An initial charge of 3% is included in the price ofUniLs^An annual 
charge a fl% plus VAT of the value of the Funds is deducted monthly front gross 
income and is taken into account in the estimated annual yield. Income 
distributions will be paid half-yearly net ofbasic rate tax on 31st March and 
30th September: Remuneration will be paid 10 authorised advisers by the 
Managers and rates are available on request. 

Managers: louche. Remnant Unit Trust Management Limited. Mermaid 
House, 2 Puddle Dock.London.EC4V 3AT (Reg. Office). 

Registered Number. 792332. Member of the Unit Trust Association. 
Trustee: The Royal Batik of Scotland pic. 

-suur, K EUnrtrd m£S l*nu4i- l»i !•***■ OMer i. , ..ti. , pip, n ,-| nKoim n-in-vM, d. 

investors- We are still going to be looking for the 
unusual, undervalued, but well-run companies that 
have the potential to provide good growth.## 

John Alexander, January 1986. 

Clearly, we believe the Fund offers you an exceptional 
op portunity for substantial capital ap preciation. 

It is particularly appropriate to those investors who 
already have holdings in other unit trusts, or who 
invest directly in equities and who are looking for the 
rewards offered by a fond designed to achieve sustained 
growth. However, it should be remembered that the 
level of risk inherent in all specialist fonds means that 
this Fund is not suitable for all investors. Accordingly, 
investors should remember that if they normally 
consult a professional adviser concerning their 
investments, it would be sensible to discuss their 
proposed investment with their adviser before taking 

11^ however, you wish to invest directly, simply 
complete the coupon below, and send it with your 
cheque to the address shown. Alternatively, you can 
place your investment by telephone on 01-248 1250. 

• But remember, the price of units, and the income 
from them, can go down as well as up. 


lo: Touche, Remnant Unit Trust Management Limited, 

Mermaid House. 2 Puddle Dock. London, EC4-V 3AT. 

Surname (Mr/Mrs/Mixs) ■ 


First Namets). 


IAVf wish to invest X (minimum X 500) in TR Special 

Opportunities Fund at the offer price ruling on the date of 
receipt of this application. 

Signature Date 

Please make cheque payable to Touche. Remnant Unit Trust 
Management Limited. 

(In the case of joint applications, all applicants must sign and 
attach their names and addresses). OFFER NOT APPLICABLE TOEIRE. 
Please lick box for reinvestment of net distributions d 
Please send me information about; 

Other TR Unit Trusts □ Share Exchange Q Savings Plan Q 




* O'Vi 

I «r * 




1985 saw many world equity markets at 





historic highs but prospects this year 


seem less certain. More than ever, the 



key to success is likely to be highly 



selective investment. 




The Endurance Fund is a new authorised 
unit trust which focuses on capital 
preservation through the long-term 












appreciation of shares selected on a 
worldwide basis, (t is managed by 
Endurance Fund Management Limited, 
a wholly owned subsidiary of The Iveagh 


Trustees Limited. 








A substantial part of the Fund wil! be in 


core holdings invested primarily in the 
UK, and also in North America, Europe, 
Japan and the Far East. The balance will 





be invested in special situations. 




For further details please return the 

— ( 


coupon or phone George Pickton during 



office hours on 0708*66966. 






To: Endurance Fund Management Limited, 

Hexagon House, 28 Western Road. Romford RM1 3LB. 
Please send me full details of The Endurance Fund. 



. Postcode . 


Annual Contractual rate 

9 . 75 % 

10.20% if compounded monthly 
9.99% if compounded half yearly 


sr.-va'v.tto 13.95% •*«»£:•, <5 ' 

- • cs? — • :n 

me peckham Is pleased to announce that the 
rare for the second issue Superstate account is 
now 9 . 75 % or higher if compounded. 

As an added bonus withdrawals can be made 
wtthout notice and without penalty, provided 
your balance does not fall below £2,000. There is 
also the option of a monthly income. 

If this advert seems too good to miss — youre 
right' Fill In the coupon below and send a cheque 
to the Peckham Building society, if you think It's 
too good to be true, fill m the coupon and tick 
the box for further information. 

roe turn for 
full draft 

Peckham Budding Society, 
emu. muse. 

1 copers Caw Mua. 
Beckenham. Kent 3*3 snb 
TCI 01-658 7221 

interest tote 
may wary 


TO: peckham Building Society, RKEPOSTeeacemamicem-Braiur 
□ Please send me further details 

0 1 would luce to Invest E fn Peckham super Share 

Account f2nd issue! and understand that this Investment 
can be withdrawn at any time given 3 months notice. 

A cheque is enclosed. 





7Ks adveritsanx* a noten muton to subscribe tcror purchase any shares 
wncf? can Orty by done on da terns of tfw Oder tor SuOampton 


Offer for Subscription for Shares in 


(Company Number 1 928836) 
under the 


Invest in a Company with the following merits: 

■ £l-7m raised so far, demonstrati n g confidence in the 

■ Minimum Subscription handsomely exceeded so ad 
applications wiH be accepted (subject to the offer not 
being over subscribed). 

■ Trading began in September 1 985 and so BES tax 
relief certificates should be sent to shareholders 
before 5th April 1986 or shortly afterwards. 

■ A building company specialising in providing deferred 
payment terms to property developers and other 
c&errts, thereby enabling higher gross profits to be 
made. Security obtained for money due usually by a 
mortgage over land and buildings being constructed 

■ Management with many years of experience in 
construction and property development. Their mam 
reward comes from maximising profits to the benefit 
of shareholders. 

For your copy of ihe prospectus, please send the coupon 
below to Chancery Securities PLC, 
at 12 Northington Street. London WC1N 2NW 
or telephone 01 -242 2563. 


T IS 1 



to new subscribers to the THES. Take out a year's 
subscription today and we will give you a copy of the 
hardback New Collins Concise English Dictionary 
(worth £8.50) containing over 96,000 references. 

5imply fill in the coupon and send it to the address 
shown with your cheque for £33.00 (made payable to 
Times Newspapers Limited). 

TheTimes Higher Education 


Please send me a year's subscription 10 (he Times Higher Education Su ppl ement. 
I enclose my cheque^XKBl older for £33.00 made payable la Tunes Newspapers 

Name . 

- icon 



Please send this coupon, together with your cheque, to Imda Battied, the Times 
Higher Education Supplement, Priory House, Sl John's Lane; LONDON EC1M 4BX 
Please note this offer n open to new subscribed in the UK only and doses on 
February 28 198b. 



tmu _ 

Hwtailti»m y a )U M 

10-50% =1500% 

Hud I year trfro.>o niihdrawaJv 
lateral paid at end of trrm. 



utAMiNGTcm snn ow«.>oa£n 
POHOX l.lEAMt'A«nnHOl*£. 
c\j:wro IMftl.T'UD 


There are now aver 700 authorised Unit Trusts available. Our expertise, 
knowledge ol markets & research facilities can assist in achieving the 
returns you require. We shall be pleased to provide you with our current 
investment recommendation without charge. 


Oni Trust AOjiso^v Service 
Emoassv House. Queens 4*e 
CUion B'isio* B58 IS8 

Licences dealers m secirf<tiej 
Members ol NASCUM 

toknnahon leoueed WCOUE GROWTH 



We offer the best “with profits" pension plans 
available, by combining maximum flexibility and 
unrivalled performance. 

In the suneys conducted by Planned Savings 
magazine of 5 and 10 year regular premium with 
profits pension plans for top executives and other 
employees. The Equitable has come top more often 
than any other company. 

Of course the past cannot guarantee the future 
but what better way is there of judging a company 
than by a record of such consistent excellence? 

How do we achieve these results? 

First, because as a mutual company, we have no 
shareholders to nibble awjy at the profits. 

Second, we pay no commission to brokers or 
middlemen, so more of your money is invested. 

And what's more, unlike most other companies 
we will nor penalize you should you decide to retire 
earlier than planned — you get the full value of your 
fund accumulated to date. 

Don’t forget that unless you spend most of your 
working life with the same firm, you 're unlikely to get 
the maximum pension, which is 2 3 of your final 
salary. If this applies to you and you make pension 
contributions ol less than 15% of your current salary 
you could be eligible for an Equitable top-up pension . 

So if you want the best all round pension plan 
availablesend off the coupon or ’phone 01-606 661 1 

T*> The Equi'.ihlr Lifr. UtEEPOST.-* f'llfjn in Strerr. lyinjMT ECCB 2JT. 
I\) -.iil.nnH-iiinhcr JoJiUnn Z. Wni-iuj'. lW«i Tljiv,, ttnu-hnkrd 
hixrd .ilirnMIitrv 

L-K rrndmr.nnls 

Sjrn. Ms Mr. Mr.. 

) J. t H Aw 

Lint '•■I farrh 


h<u>n1|il r“ r*J 


The Equitable Life 

—The oldest mutual life office in the world.— — 1 


Germans and Americans are 
rivals for readers’ votes 

* \ . * * 




The first 500 entries for the 
1986 Times Unit Trust Com- 
petition arrived in .the first 
ten days of this week. 

A quick analysis of where 
our readers' confidence rests 
has brought to light some 
interesting views. 

More than twice as many 
entries received so far are for 
European funds as for any 
other single sector, with the 
German funds attracting a 
high proportion of those 
votes. GT German fund has 
the biggest single vote $0 far. 

The next most favoured 
are American funds and 
special situations, including 
recovery and smaller compa- 
nies funds. 

If you were inclined to 
speculate, you might deduce 
from this that people who 
enter such a competition 
immediately after discovering 
it, rather than after mature 
reflection, fall into two cate- 

The first is those who have 
faith in the future, and 
believe that last year’s boom 
in the European sector will be 

The second category, those 
who favoured the American 
and special situations mar- 
kets, have together presented 
almost the same number of 

entries, and these are die 
gamblers, people wto have 
the courage » speculate, 
hoping for a high r eturn oa 
their risk of a I7p stamp. 

Finally, of cour se, there are 
the "ateo-rans", who warn 
us io believe that they really 
would invest in a technology 
fund if they had the money. 

Or perhaps they have done 
just that, and hope this 
Indication of faith m their 
units will in some way help 
to boost the sector's perfor- 
mance. - • - 

Perhaps the three entrants 
who have voted for the 
Henderson Singapore and 
Malaysia fund, which came 
last out of the 725 funds is 
last year's competition — 
your original £100 would 
have been worth a mere 
£56.20 — have the right idea. 

It certainly has the greatest 
potential for improvement 

On a more serious note, rt 
would be advisable not to be 
too quixotic m your choke of 
second and third place funds, 
as in five out of this year’s 
nine prizes, one or other 
would have been tire deciding 




Enter The Times Unit Trust 
Competition 1986 and yon 
could win £500, £250 and 
£100, There are three cate- 
gories - General, Profes si onal 
Adviser and U oder-1 8s and 
there will be three prizes in 
each. Just pick the unit trust 
yon believe will outperform 

all others during the coming 
months to the end of the year. 

Just fill in the entry form 

You are allowed three 
choices hot only your first 
choice will be considered 
unless there is a tie. In which 
case second and third selec- 

tions wiU be takes into 
account Is the tmUkeJy event 
that there is still note than 
one winner, the tie-breaker 
will be invoked. Only entries 
on official entry forma wifi be 
accepted and they mast arrive 
at The Times not fatter than 
February J4, 1986. 

UMTBEP JB Birjum.iw 

10 % 

(Equivalent 1<L2% Gross) 
For the beat guaranteed rates 

Nicholson Harris Ltd. 

25 Queen A&nefcGate.Lando&SWl 1 
or telephone enquiries to 
02403 (Amersham) 3072 

A MamtHtttrf ( ->-—■) 

The Times Unit Trust Competition 1986 

1. Compactors an tovflad to uu (Mr aka ami Judgment to 
authorised unit trim (pot offshore tonds) to extetancaes a Janu 
befieve wflloui-perfomial others riurtog 1986. 


„ OK 

January 1988 which they 


2. Competitors rWI be required to irate a Bret second and third choice. but tha 
winner wil be the competitor whose first choice Is the best pwtomttog urnt trust. 
Second a n d tntrd choices wte be taken into account to the event of a da. tn the event 
ot there sill being more man one winner the tie-breaker wllM invoked. 

a. Entries wfi be tented to ana per parson and must be made on official entry 
farms printed m The 7to»ra. Photo c opies are not ao n a p t aW a. 

'Telephone nunbsr.. 

The unit trust I bottom wffl perform best In 1 986 ts: 
First choice; 1 



Satwtiay, February 1. 1888. Cfaeing y . _ 

Opening prion wM be those pubfisiied on S 
i wftl he those of Wednesday Decanter 81.1986. 

5. In the event of unit treats merging, final performance wfl be calculated as 
performance to the data of mergar. plus partwmanoa at the merged tost to the end 
of the oompetOon period. 

6. Pertarrriarico w9 be mcxtooredbyftenneU Savinas rnagarirw and labeled on 
an eUar-to-oWar price beats, net Income re tov e steJ . 

7. Entries iriustMmcehmi by fcebnmyM, at the office of 77te7fa)esi 

8. Proof of posting *■ not be accepted as evidence of receipt 


Category (Please tick appropriate Una) 

1 General Q2 Professional Adviser Q3 Under 18 yews Q 

‘Tie Breaker I estimate that the vhJub of El 00 invested in the iMtfnot of my tint 
choice wffl be worth £ — — -{net income retove stetO/si Wed ne sd ay . Dec e mber 3i. 
1988. -- 




of News Wm na t io nal. Times Newspapers, and their tami&es ere 

i Straw, loeftu. 

10. The editors' deerskin to el matters is final and no correspondence vdB be 
enteredtoto. ... 


Capital enowth 
in Europe 

■with Schroder European Fu 


* i 


Europe’s potential 

This derives from a weaker dote; towr 
inflation and fuiher mterest raw cuts. 

Gomp an w s used to years of low profits are now 
more compewwe, more profttatate and Sate to 
invest for the future. Al this creates a posxhre 
background for 1986. 

Schroders know the markets 

Our multWngual tovestment team is as 
much at home with brokers m Paris as it is with 
bankers in Madnd. Our sophisticated network of 
economc inteBigence m Europe is as tong 
esttttshed as « is highty respected. 

Schroder European Fund 

The Fund, an authorised unit trust, is backed 
by these resources and by the tovestment stalls 

which service over EiO.OOftn for our chants 
wcxktoride. Oi» aim is growth through a broad 
exposure lo European stockmarkot s - with 
e mphas is on France. Germany Switzerland and 

Smaller companies feature strongly too. 
because of theb-abOty to grow team* Those 
who lead m speoafist niches-e.g. French 
champagne, ndustnal automation and computer 
services ^ -are selected to comptemem our 
hokfings in European bfc»-chips. 

135% appreciation 

Over the last 3 years the offer price of 
units ha» risen by 135%.* (The FT AB-Share 
index has risen 97% over the seme period) 
We as confident that this year offers 
particularly good prospects tor continued 

♦ * * 

How to invest 

On 10th January 1986 the offer price of 
income Units was 93.7p with an estimated 
gross current yield of 129%o&. AcomuUan 
Units 96. 0p. 

1b invert, please comptete the coupon and 
return it wan your cheoue (minimum £500), or 
telephone our dealers. 

Remember thanhe pnee of units and the 
income from them can go down as wefi as up. 

You sheuio regard your investment as tong 

Our Monthly Savings Plan enables 
investors tor a minimum oi £25. to save through 
any ofthe W Schroder authorised Unit Trusts. 

Schroder European Fund 

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family MONEY/6 

Your last chance 
to win £500 


2? 1 * week is your faa 

& C t’° enter 1“ Times 

U 911 Trust competition and 

? when we reveal our 
experts choices for 1986. The 

ESH"* ® a great chal- 
^Hge for the advisers as they 
arenot in a real life situation. 
Sj™* 11 ® a Portfolio for 
Sf* 1 * they would be able to 
chop and change throughout 
“f year .to reflecttheir 
changing view of events. But 
the rules of our competition 
allow them only a firsL 
second and third, choice. 

Jamie Berry of Berry Asset 
Management has gone for a 
proad spread. His first choice 
J5 Oppenheimer Special 
Situations, with GT Ger- 
many in second place and 
Perpetual International 
Growth as his third selection. 
... p e early pan of 1986 is 
likely to be good for equity 
markets worldwide and we 
anticipate good progress be- 
ing made” he exolains. 

5 oId the key to 
S“E* «j?d share markets 
£ *5 !2 ed,um *Mm and we 
Eg?*, ***}. rates will remain 
JS, ® h^onc terms, but 

ELfeve£ 5SSarily ri “ fi ™ 

rad rates of 
BftrV* ava ilable from 
deposits and this 
temptauon wilt from time to 
Jjm^aci as a drag on share 

Berry has gone for Oppen- 
neimer Special Situations as 
he is expecting a lot of 
volatility in 1986 and this is a 
small fond - under 0 million 
- with great flexibility. It is 
half invested in the UK and 
half overseas, principally in 
Europe. His second choice, 
GT Germany is another vote 
of confidence in Europe and 
his third choice is Perpetual 
International Growth. 

Peter Edwards, of Bristol- 
hased Premier Unit Trust 
Brokers has gone for two 
overseas funds too.His first 

very good job at Warburgs, 
running the Mercury Ameri- 
can fond has gone to Target 
and is taking over Target 
American Eagle” be explains. 
He believes that an American 
fond is good both on the 
currency and stockmarket 
outlook for 1986. 

His second choice of TR 

S Touche Remnani) Smaller 
ompanies is again a vote of 
confidence in the fund man- 
ager, John Alexander and he 
feels that, “as the autumn i$ 
likely to be a bit tricky - we 
don't know whether this is 
going to be election year or 
not - we might as well give 
the UK a bit of a whirl.” 

To give bis portfolio a 
spread he has gone for MIM 
Japan (Montagu Investment 
Management), managed by 
Stephen Barber. 

Our third panel member, 
Peter Hargreaves of Har- 
greaves Lansdown. has taken 

The Times Unit Trust Competition -The Experts Choices for 1986 1 

Jamie Berry 

Peter Edwards 

Peter Hargreaves 

Mark Searle 

First Choice 

Special Situations 

Target American 



EFM Smaller 
Japan Cos. 

Second Choice 

GT Germany 

TR Smafler 

Abbey American 

Baring Japan 

Third Choice. 




MIM Japan 

Target European 
Special Sits. 

Emerging Cos. 

This advertisement is issued in compliance with the Regulations of The Stock Exchange. 


/f^\ Building Society 

(Incdlporated in England under the Building Societies Act 1874) 

Placing of £20/MMM)00 12 D /wper cent Bonds 
dne 9th February 1987 

Listing for the bonds has been granted by the Council of The Stock Exchange. Listing 
Particulars in relation to The Nationwide Building Society are available in the Exxel 
Statistical Services. Copies may be collected from Companies Announcements Office, 

P.O. Box No. 119, The Stock Exchange, London EC2P 2BT until 4th February 1986 and 
until I7th February 1986 from:— 

Fulton Prebon 
Sterling lid*,.. 
34-40 LndgBfeHIll; 
London EC4M7JT 

Laurie, MObank & Co., Rone & Pitman, 
Portland House, 1 Finsbury Avenue, 

72/73 Basinghall Street, London EC2M 2RA 
London EC2V5DP 

1st February 1986 

Janie Berry: A 
bread spread. 
His first choice 
is Oppenhdi&er 

Situations with 
GT Germany in 
second place and 

Growth third 

Communications But he 
maintains that ft is not so 
risky as it seems “ While 
many people would consider 
that this trust is a 
specialist fond, the portfolio 
profile suggests that Holbom 
has interpreted 

“communications" quite 
widely. We bice the idea that 
this is a new fund and will 
have a geographical spread of 
approximately half in Europe 
and half in the United States 
and Japan. America is likely 
to predominate in this half of 
tire portfolio. 

His second choice is Abbey 
American Growth. He likes 
the fond because. “the fund 
manager has indicated to us 
that she is quite happy to 
lake liquidity positions, and, 
if necessary, change the 
international spread signifi- 
cantly if trading conditions 
demand it.” 

He bas av oided the UK 
this year preferring Europe 
and the United States. His 
third choice is Target Euro- 
pean Special Situations. 
“Both our second and third 
choices are wdl established 
funds with gpod recent 
performances in their respec- 
tive sectors,” be says. 

Mark Searie of Richards 
Longsiaff is the fourth (and 
new) member of our panel of 
experts and he bas put 
virtually all his eggs in one 
basket with a dutch of 
Japanese funds. His first 
choice is EFM Smaller Japa- 
nese Companies, followed by 
Baring Japan Sunrise. Only 
his third choice. Perpetual 
International Emerging 
Companies is not wholly 
invested in Japan. 

“ The emphasis is very 
much on Japan and the 
important thing is to take a 
view on where things will be 
at the end of the year when 
this competition is judged, 1 
be explains. 

“I think that as the year 
goes by the Japanese domes- 
tic economy will be given a 
little stimulus in older to 
stem the pressure in export 
markets against further im- 
port penetration. Later this 
year the US economy will 
begin to pick up which will 
help a number of areas of the 
Japanese economy - prin- 
cipally electronics." 

You've heard what the 
expens have to say - now 
make your own choices and 
enter the competition. But 
remember, last year the 
experts were far from right so 
it might wefi pay to back 
your own 

The Investor^ Paradise 

E%er\ imestor dreams of finding the investment climate where 
Pvervihin'a seems to be slacked in his favour. Right now. Europe fits the 
bill, offrringa^rombination or at tractions which you'll find hard to match 

an ' n * 1 L^nde-rpricod e shflr^.conip areci w ' i,,,u ^ ler ' vorl ^ h r,lar b 1 e, ' s ‘ 

% Strongly improving company performances, with profits and 

productivity on the increase. 

* Low inflation and low inleresl rates 

* \ areal deal of investor interest, especially from Japan and the LSA - 
ihev are lining up to buy European shares. 

Thh hIS^M®"*^™* hich ha * T H T seen b<,f< ’ re ' 
TholTs'Vhy 0 ''™ 1 "'^ rh®*" ntl " 10 creale '"° np "‘ f,ll,ds ~ European 

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\u/ tipplirahir in Htrr ___ LIMITED J 


Gete/.a / Geld Star gives you the benefits 
cf a'-f hnds of different saving schemes in just 
one account. Whether you’re a small or a large 
saver, a short-term or a long-term investor, you 
can always lay your hands on your money 
-without paying any penalties or putting up with 
any delays. 

Invest £10,000 and above in Gold Star and 
earn 9.55% net interest p.a. Invest from £5,000 
and above and earn 9.30% net interest p.a. 

Invest £1 ,000 and above and you still earn 
an attractive &. 00% net interest p.a. 

On investments of £5.000 and above, 
interest can be paid monthly or credited to your 
account. Just write for rates and details. 

Call in at your nearest branch (we’re 
throughout the U.K.). or write to: Gateway 
Building Society. FREEPOST, Worthing. West 
Sussex BN 13 2BR. 








Batonces betow£1.000 pay 7.00S6 net rtereslpa.The rates shown arenst of liab«vtobascraleincjmeta> and may uaiyt Gateway BuildmgSocietv Dumnelcin Lane Worthing. 
WtesiSussexBN1320H.Asselsowf £1500 niloaResevesowr£57mftonJms^ Status Member at the Buldi^Socteties Association & Investors Protection Scheme. 



J of 













■- h 


5 uds 
1 Sl 
t pa 

3 I) 


























with profits 






S28-262 ■ £29,146 

with profits 


vv iih profits 






■|"AfllO Unt Invested i (Allowlwig fdrlaxr ^eirat bo%) 1 _ ! ; ; _ 

' _ Sf/urce^ Hiirwy Mpfitzine. Fl'hruar} ir'ixiy j 

If you’re self-employed or the director of 
a private company, you’ll know all about the 
tax advantages of investing in a pension plan. 

Your biggest problem will be selecting the 
best from the rest 

Obviously, the most important factor will 
be -the size of your pension fund when you 

All too often, this decision is taken as a 
result of comparing proj ected growth figures, 
whereas the only realistic basis for compari- 
son is achieved growth. 

The table above compares the actual 
results of an investment in the Thiget Personal 
Pension Plan - linked to the Target Managed 
Pension Fund - with three leading with profits 
policies and two other unit linked plans 
invested in managed funds. 

What it doesn't show, however, is that the 
Target plan has out-performed all other per- 
sonal pension plans over the last ten years. 

What's more, only the Target plan pro- 
vides you with a g uaranteed loanback facility 
enabling you to draw on your investment 
whenever you like, with no additional manage- 
ment charges. 

And, with Target you’re not committed id 
keeping up a regular payment. You may varc 
the level of your investment to suit voufl 
personal circumstances. « 

Except, of course, with a growth record 
like ours, we think you’ll want to invest morf 
rather than less. i 

To find out more, fill out and return th* 
Freepost coupon below. 

Please let me have litrlher information on 
Pension Plan. 


I he Target . 


Age Oiviipa! ion 







Send io: Depi METurgei Life Assurance* Co. LdL 
Freepost. Aylesbury. Bucks HPJ0 3YA. 

Tel: Aylesbury UEfili) 5fMl. 





J/C’i ' • ’* 

/ ■: • .>v? # 

1 ' !. ft I 1 ' 

v? i 

» j v Wl 

5 ,'!• ** 

?r * 

The eds 


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What could it mean for you? 


; — PLAYER OF THF year is sack as managers get a glimpse of the future 




T — ‘ wr 1 Ufa I cwn IQ OWWtV MJ IWff 

No knowing what to 
expect as Cup 
teams get acquainted 

By coincidence, three of the 


fn tv 1,1 m,dweek POP 

By Clive White 

in this 


weekend's Tea^? 


are n „ , ,n wIu ch they 

XL - no t . ,ess prominent 

ralrapaung managers in 
3JS h $*** .rehearsals tra- 
ditionally refuse, no matter 
what the outcome, to draw 
any conclusions with regard 
to the ties that follow. ‘The 
cup is another story," savs 
♦ aot wishing to 

tempt fete: the vanquished, 
who is, says the same 

T«SlJf ,line « lhe Pfcyera of 
Tottenham Hotspur that a 

result at Goodison Park 
today will do nothing to 
enhance their prospects a 
fortnight hence. What man- 
a lf rs say and think 

often has little in common. 

national managers 
of Scotland and England this 
week. There was Alex Fer- 
guson trying to impress upon 
Scotush scribes on Tuesday 
the importance of the virtue 
Of. frugality in defence when 
going into World Cup finals 
while privately he must be 
having a few nightmares 
about his equally frugal 
forwards after the tight 1-0 
defeat of Israel. Very canny 
“i?* 1 <*** still in the 
Middle East. Bobby Robson , 
the England manager, ap- 
plauded the mean 
goalkeeping of Shilton while 
ignoring the reasons why 
such excellence was required 
in the first place against the 
previously unrated Egyptians. 

The answer to that one is 
probably a centre back pair- 
ing (Wright and Fenwick) 
which has still to convince 
the public that they have the 
understanding, not to men- 
tion the necessary quality, to 
withstand a searching 
examination at the highest 
level, literally and figu- 
ratively speaking, in Mexico 
in four months' time. 

Perhaps Messrs Robson 
and Ferguson should take 
themselves off to watch the 
televized game at Upton Park 
tomorrow afternoon to find 
out what they have been 
missing. Ferguson, of course, 
is only too aware of what he 

was without in Tel Aviv - 
pals and McAvennie. the 
iwo are synonymous. An- 
01 .^est Ham player 
would be the focal point of 
Robpn s eyes - Martin, one 
01 the obvious alternatives to 
wnght m the England No 5 
shut. This game possibly 
provides one of the sneak 
previews of the cup ties to 
come (Arsenal v Luton is 
another in the capital),but 
roore immediately the 
opportunity for West Ham lo 
bndge the gap between them- 
selves and the leaders and 
tomorrow’s opposition. Man- 
chester United. 

Ii will be a good screen test 
or Martin's star quality. He 
and Gale will find themselves 
facing Hughes, in probably a 
more devilish mood after a 
two-game suspension, and 
possibly Gibson, aiming to 
justify his enormous valua- 
tion. He made a small 
repayment by scoring the 
only goal of the game for the 
reserves the other night. 
Stapleton, with just seven 
goals this season, may stand 
down. United will be without 
the prompting of Strachan 
tomorrow and, significantly, 
for the next three weeks 
because of a hamstring in- 
jury. Old Trafford has been 
plagued with them this sea- 

John LyalL the West Ham 
manager, will not be looking 
to do the Merseyside clubs 
any favours, certainly not 
after their controversial de- 
feat at An field recently when 
reduced to 10 men. but the 
defeat of United would en- 
able either Liverpool or 
Evert on (or Chelsea) 10 
dislodge United from the top 
for the first time this season. 
That they may do, anyway, 
for 24 hours should any of 
them collect maximum 
points today. 

For Everton. the cham- 
pions, it would confirm their 
intention not to let go of their 
trophy which looked dis- 
tinctly likely when the team 
was seriously blighted by 
injuries to Reid and 
Mountfield. Their return to 
the top would coincide neatly 
with the return of Reid, last 

season’s Player of the Year, 
to the first team after five 
months* absence. But injuries 
still threaten lo rock this 
Mersey boat and Heath. 
Stevens and Ratdiffe are all 
doubtful. Sheedy is definitely 

For Tottenham ii is no less 
a crucial game which threat- 
ens to undo the beneficial 
effect of Wednesday's 5-0 
defeat of Notts County. Give 
Allen, a frequent scorer since 
his return after a lengthy 
injury, may be rested because 
of suspected sciatica, but 
Roberts, who not so long ago 
would have provided Robson 
with another alternative at 
centre back, may return after 
back trouble. 

Peier Shreeve, one of the 
few managers who does speak 
his mind (in the nicest 
possible way), would gladly 
trade a defeat today for a 
Cup victory over Evenon. It 
is a sad comment on 
Shreeve’s period of manage- 
ment, one that was intended 
to concentrate on league 
performance at the expense 
of cup success if necessary. 

In contrast, their London 
neighbours. Chelsea, are left 
with only the league at which 
to aim (if one overlooks their 
place in the Full Members' 
Cup final). Six days ago their 
world was brimful of 
opportunity. Then a harm- 
less-looking leap by Dixon, 
their England centre forward, 
ended in a painful landing 
after just six minutes of their 
FA Cup fourth round tie with 
Liverpool and Chelsea's 
hopes died a v alian t death. 
Three days later, without the 
injured Dixon, their gallantry 
was again unrewarded as 
Queen’s Park Rangers tipped 
them out of the Milk Cup in 
the dosing minutes of extra 
time in a quarter-final replay. 

Today they will be without 
either of their feared strikers: 
Speedie is suspended. But a 
home victory over Leicester 
City should still be 
assumecLA share of the 
championship leadership, if 
not the outright lead, would 
not be a bad consolation for 
the past week's disappoint- 




:rass m 

RekU season is just be ginnin g 

Reid’s return good 
news for Everton 

Leaders wary of Clydebank 


All the contenders in the 
exciting race for the Scottish 
league championship set out 
this afternoon on worrying 
assignments, none probably 
more perturbed than Heart of 
Midlothian, the premier di- 
vision leaders. 

On the face of it, they 
should have little to fear. 
They have played 18 matches 
without defeat, improved 
with every game and brim 
with confidence. Clydebank, 
their opponents at Kilbowie 
Park, are second bottom in 
the table and few would bet 
on them avoiding relegation. 

But Gydebank have a 
reputation for surprising the 
elite clubs and have already 
beaten Aberdeen. They are 
noted for playing neat pos- 
session football and Hearts 
have been warned by their 
manager. Alex MacDonald, 
that they must not allow 
themselves to be frustrated 

By Hugh Taylor 

and to treat Clydebank with 
the utmost respect 
Even though Hearts may 
miss the suspended Levein, 
the country’s most improved 
defender, they should prove 
too sharp in attack and have 
too solid a defence to allow 
Gy debank’s astonishing run 

that we do well this lime for 
if we win we will be close at 
the finish of the league race." 

Aberdeen, who will have 
their international centre half 
McLeisb in the side after the 
injury that kept him out of 
Scotland's game with Israel, 
will have a full contingent of 

of success to be halted, regulars from whom to 
The champions. Aberdeen, choose but Rangers take the 

will have an even more 
difficult task than the leaders 
for they travel to Ibrox to 
play Rangers in an attempt to 
achieve a feat unaccom- 
plished since September 28: 
that is, win away from home. 

Since then Aberdeen have 
played eight away games and 
accumulated only four points 
from draws. They are heart- 
ened, however, by the knowl- 
edge that the win in 
September was at Ibrox and 
their manager, Alex Fer- 
guson, said: "We have a good 
record at Ibrox but it is vital 

field without Ferguson, their 
outstanding midfield player. 

Formidable tasks also 
await Celtic and Dundee 
United and both may be 
happy to leave Dens Park 
and Love Street While nei- 
ther Dundee nor St Mirren 
have lived up 10 expectations 
this season, there is potential 
about both teams and they 
are at their best when in 
opposition 10 the leaders. 

Hibernian should draw 
away from the relegation 
zone by beating the luckless 
Motherwell at Easier Road. 

Wright is defended 

Wright: confident 

Southampton manager 
Chris Nicholl, wants an end 
to the "unjustified and ill- 
informed" campaign being 
waged against his England 
centre-half Mark Wright. 

Wright came in for more 
criticism after England’s 4-0 
win in Egypt this week,but 
NicholL himself an experi- 
enced international centre- 
half for Northern Ireland, 
came charging to his defence 

"Mark is taking a lot of 

stick and I can’t see any 
reason for it," said Nicholl. 

"Because he is the man in 
possession in the England 
side, in a way he is there to 
be criticised. I can under- 
stand bow he deceives peo- 
ple, because he has such 

"He is so confident, so 
sure-footed and so cool under 
pressure, that it almost looks 
casual, and that leaves a few 
people unsure about him. 

If Everton, the champions, 
move to die top of the first di- 
vision today for the first time 
this season, the timing will 
have symbolic as well as 
specific importance. It will 
coincide with the return to the 
fray of Peter Reid after a 
four-month absence to add 
further strength to an already 
imposing challenge. 

To say that Reid is 
bursting with enthusiasm at 
the prospect after successive 
operations to his right and 
then left Achilles tendon 
would be an understatement. 
The injuries, the latest in a 
series which have dogged 
Reid throughout his career, 
had blighted an extraordmary 
year for the stocky midfield 
player whose importance to 
his dab's success last season 
was recognized by his election 
as PFA player of the year 
and an England call-up. 

Still on cratches from the 
second operation at Christ- 
mas, bis speedy recovery has 
testified to his desire to start 
playing again. On Wednes- 
day he came .through his 
third reserve game at Hall 
with complete success. 

"I got some tackles in," be 
said with relish, and one can 
believe it His appearances 
for the reserves have not been 
made in the full glare of 
publicity which accompanied 
Bryan Robson's return from a 
shorter absence, but it is no 
exaggeration to say that Reid 
is almost as important to 
Everton as the En gland 
captain is to Manchester 

It is impossible to over- 
estimate Retd's valne to 
Everton, well as they have 
performed in his absence. He 
is not the classic midfield 
general spraying the eye- 
catching 40-yard pass, bat be 
is the quintessential 
professional's professional, 
always available, winning (he 
ball enthusiastically and poll- 
ing the strings with quick, 10- 
yard passes. 

This season the addition of 
llnalw has Everton an 
even more potent attacking 
force. The goals-against tally 
tells a different story, how- 
ever, and althongh that is 
partly explained by the 
con tin Ding absence of the 
centre- half MoantfieM, the 
loss of Reid from his position 
as the "bolding" player in 
midfield has been equally 

To the neutral spectator, 
the guarantee of goafs at both 
ends which a visit to Everton 

promises at the moment has 
added to the gaiety of 
watching football. To pro- 
fessionals it is rather less 
desirable. Certainly, when 
Reid professes pleasure that 
"we've been giving plenty of 
entertainment", his tongue is 
firmly in his cheek. Pro- 
fessional experience and gut 
competitiveness make him see 
a goal against as an affront. 

His return may well aid 
Everton to get back to those 
basics and his zest has been 
enhanced by his absence. "I 
don't feel I've done anything 
this season yeL I've only 
played six games — four 
league, one international and 
the Charity Shield — and I 
was not really fit in any of 
them. So the season is just 
starting for me. 

"In the last few weeks 
there has been the buzz about 
the place that there wafi last 
year. It's almost tangible. We 
do believe in ourselves and it 
is in onr hands now, unlike a 
ample of months ago when 
we were 15 points adrift and 
we had to rely on other teams 
to help as." 

Reid's return is also good 
news for England. Reid him- 
self says that the prospect of 
Mexico provides a wonderful 
incentive to every English 
player to make a name for 
himself and claim a place in 
fee next few months, and be 
is taking nothing for granted. 

He admits he wBl be 
disappointed if be is not in 
the next England squad, bat 
"it will just posh me that bit 
harder to force my way 
back". That determination 
will be an important asset in 
Mexico, whatever fee diffi- 
culties of playing English 
style football and whatever 
formation Bobby Robson fi- 
nally elects. 

TypkaBy, Reid sees 
sDver lining behind fee inju- 
ries that have donded fee 
season for Robson and him- 
self. "Gary Lineker, for 
example. wQl have played 6G 
or 70 games by fee time he 
gets there if he stays free of 
injury," he says. "It's been 
said before and it is the way 
thing* are run in England, 
but that is no way to prepare 
for fee game's biggest prize. 
Of course, 1 would sooner 
have been playing bet at least 
fee injuries mean I will be 
going to Mexico wife rel- 
atively fresh legs, and so will 
Bryan. So there is a bright 
side to it if yon took for one. ‘ 

By Rex Bellamy 

The Australian champion- 
ships. which have been 
played in Melbourne since 
lv"2 and arc to have 
permanent home there. m2y 
have to sta> on fee grass 
courts of Kooyong a year 
longer than had been ex- 

Work on the £37 million 
national tennis centre ai 
Flinders Park should have 
begun three months ago but 
has not yet done so. The site 
is public park 3nd has not 
been built on before, and has 
yielded geological problems. 

The Lawn Tennis Associ- 
ation of Australia are pro- 
visionally exploring ihe 
possibility of extending their 
agreement with the privately 
controlled Kooyong club, 
which may have to accom- 
modate the championships 
scheduled for Hinders Park 
in January'. I Q S8. Already the 
lavish plans for Hinders Park 
have been moderated, partly 
because of conservation is- 
sues and partly because the 
government of Victoria insist 
that the project should keep 
within its budget. 

h remains probable that 
Flinders Park will be ready in 
time. Whatever the date of 
completion, the Australian 
championships will be the 
first grand slam event to 
move to a new home since 
the United States tournament 
was shifted 10 Flushing 
Meadow in 197S. Wimbledon 
moved 10 Church Road in 
1922 and the French 
championships have been 
played at the Roland Garros 
Stadium since 1928. 

The surface to be installed 
at Flinders Park is arousing 
more argument and specula- 
tion than any other issue id 
world tennis. The LTAA 
have decided against the 
traditional grass because it is 
too expensive to maintain 
and is unsuitable as a year- 
round surface for tennis and, 
occasionally, other forms of 
public entertainment. Syn- 
thetic alternatives are now on 

Alan Trengove, editor of 
Tennis Australia and author 
of The Story' of the Davis 
Cup . told me from Mel- 
bourne yesterday that the 
choice of a surface was not 
regarded as urgent. "They 
can be put down in three 
months. A year has been set 
aside for installing and test- 
ing six different surfaces at a 


By Srikcmar Sen. Boxing Correspondent 

Barry McGuigan’s man- 
ager. BJ. Eastwood, is wait- 
ing for ABC. the American 
television company, to ap- 
prove one of two new 
challengers for the World 
Boxing Association feather- 
weight champion after his 
original opponent. Fernando 
Sosa, of Argentina, called off 
his challenge, in Dublin on 
February 15. after breaking 
the index finger on his left 
hand in training. 

Eastwood said yesterday: 
"I have been up all night 
getting in touch with eight 
countries trying to find' a 
suitable opponent and have 
selected two from the top 10. 

I am waning for ABCs 
approval. 1 cannot tell you 
their names because it could 
affect negotiations, but they 
are top fighters and could 
even be better than Sosa.” 

The two men Eastwood has 
in mind arc expected to be in 
top shape as they have 
important contests in Feb- 
ruary and March. "It is luck;, 
that there is still time. If this 
had happened a week later. 
Barry’s defence would have 
been off. 

"There are still a lot of 
things to do — for instance, 
the approved challenger has 
to pass 2 stringent medical 
that includes 3 CAT scan for 
the brain. Then 1 have to get 


Budd ignores advice to 
run cross-country race 

By Pnt Batcher, Athletics Correspondent 

Peter Ball 


Third division 

Blackpool v Derby _ 
Bristol R v Newport 

Buy v Darlington 

Doncaster v Lincoln — 

First division 

Arsenal v Luton 

A V8la v Southampton — .... 

Chelsea v Leicester 

everton v Tottenham ^ 

Ipswich v Livarpool- — SigSYsEEJ? “ 

Manchester C vWBA 

Newcastfe v Coventry 

Nottingham F v OPR 

Scottish premier division 

Clydebank v Hearts 

Dundee v Celtic 

Hibernian vMotherwefl 

Rangers v Aberdeen 

Oxford v Birmingham 

Watford v Sheffield Wed — 

Second division 

Barnsley v Norwich 

Blackburn vHuH 

Bradford v Wimbledon 

Crystal Pal v Carlisle — - — 

Grimsby v Fulham 

Leeds, v Stoke 

Plymouth v Brentford 

Rotherham v Swansea 

WafaaU v Reading - 

Wigan v Bristol C - 

Wolverhampton vBotton 

Fourth division 

Aldershot v Cambridge 

Hartlepool v Bumley 

Hereford v Chester 

Northampton v Swindon 

Peterborough v Rochdale 

Port Vale v Orient — 

iSSsUgh vChartton - 

MBtwaU v Shrewsbury 



Sheffield Wd v BnghtOT .^-— 

fftmj wed w Manchoswr ino 


w£st ^n^Mancbester utd(2^5) 

rugby union 

NortwmP® 0 „ , ../-up 

Wrexham v Mansfield 

Goto League 

Bath vWeaktotone 

Dagenham v Stafford - - 

DsrtfonJ v Altrincham 

Enfield vRuncom .... 

Kidderminster v Barrow 

Maidstone * FHcktey — — 

Northwfch v Cheltenham — ; 

Nuneaton w Weymouth 

Telford, v Boston 

St Mirren v Dundee Utd 

Scottish first division 

Airdrie v Morton 

Alloa v Montrose 

Brechin v Fafldrfc ..... 

E Fife v Kilmarnock 

Forfar v Dumbarton 

Hamilton v Clyde 

Partlck vAyr 

Scottish second division 

Arbroath v Queen of Sth 

Berwick vSt Johnstone 

Dunfermline v Sbrtng Alb 

E Stirling v Cowdenbeath 

Meadowbank v Queen's Park 

Stenhsmuhr vRtfth 

Stranraer v Albion Rowers 

Stortlord v Httohn; Epsom ft EmmI v 
W indsor & Bon. Harrow v Bognor; 
• Hayes v Wokingham: Slough v 
Famboraucft Worming v HendomZStJJ: 
Yeovil v Walthamstow 
Secant round: Bangor Ctor v Bunor. 
Goola v Southport; florwlch v 

Wycombe v Scarborough 

Bar &« 

CCs. Warrington v OUhan. 
I^c^d Oivisioih^ 



HA SS IRISH CUPi-FM nwntfc Ants v 
Nawrv: Banwidge Snorts; Bangor y 

L^&mSTTSiroeco ww*; DwSeta 

v Armov UW. Durrmem- fi«.v 
Brentwood. GWjawn v Ponadown; 
Qtantoran v DtKaenf; mstnute V 

BaHwnenaLeme Tech O B v CMmuM* 
Linurndy UW v Cookstown U*fc UnfieW 
tcSSmine; Oxford Utd Stars « 
BflByrmra Com; P O 3 C * CNmnoy 
Cow: St Patrick Roc v Cnoadare;. 
Tohomoro .Utd v Dungannon Swifts 

QfvajORSanaig w Croydon; “ 

WOnungtom Hyda v Worksop: 
new v Oswenry; Marine v Buxton; 
Morecomhe v Chortey: Mossley v Wdon 
MJLTVART LEAGUE: Gainsborough v 
Rhyt Madock v Caernarfon: South 
Liverpool v Gateshead SOUTHERN 
LEAGUE: Premier OMR Ahechucn * 
Crawley: Basingstoke v Bedworih: 
Chelmsford v Aylesbury: Fisher v 
Fareham; Fofcestone v Witney: King's 
Lynn v Gravesend; R S Southampton v 
Gosport Shepshad v WBenhafc wafing 
v Dudley: Worcester v Corby 

v Portsmouth: Brighton v Cbamon: umw 
v Bristol Rovers; Southampton v tpc- 
wioh: Swansea v v west Hem; Totten- 
ham v Crystal Palace 



France v lretend{PartsZ30) 
Wales v Scotland (Cardiff, 2-30) 

(Third Round) 
Broujjhton Pk. v Vale of Luna 

CL v Northampton(2£0i 


Leicester » London Scottish (Id) 

Coventry V Waterloo (2-303 

Bradford v Nuneaton (2-30) 

Cambridge Unvy. * The Army (3.0) 
Cheltenham v Exeter (Sii 
Dunam « Huddersfield (2.30) 

Ftyde v Gala (230) 

Glasgow Acads. v Stewart's MekMe FP. 

Goslorth v Roundhay (230) 

Herat's FP v Jordanhn (230) 

Met Police v Harlequins (215) 
Mddiesbrough v Kelso (3.0) 

Mode* « Hafifex (215) 

Northern v N ottingham (1230) 
Richmond v Haaongly 0t30) 

Sale v Liverpool (Slaj 
Sheffield v Manchester (230) 

Wakefield v Britenhead Pk (230) 

West Harflepooi v New Bngroon (2.15) 
WestonraMare v Rugby v (3-00) 

Cowdell’s chance 

Pat CowdelL the former 
undefeated European feather- 
weight .and super feather- 
weight champion, has been 
nominated to meet John 
Doherty for the British super 
featherweight title. The win- 
ner must then defend against 
Najib Da ho of Manchester. 


Downhills off 

Wengen. Switzerland (Reu- 
ter) - Bad weather yesterday 
forced the organizers to 
postpone two men's World 
•Cup Alpine ski downhill 
races which had already been 
rescheduled because of the 
winds raging since Wednes- 
day . morning 

Winds gusli ng up to 140 
kph swept away safety net- 
ting, demolished the tele- 
vision control tower by 
sending a 300-year-old tree 
crashing into iL and badly 
damaged buildings and other 
facilities at the finish. 

The St Amon downhill has 
now been moved to Morzine, 
France, on February 7 while 
the Lauberhorn downhill will 
now Lake place in Are. 
Sweden, on February 21. 


EUROPEAN: EtepM* Rjurt Storing 
ChMtpKNMfcip*: (lee (tancmgl 1, N 
BKWmyswvfi/A Butt), Soviet Ureon 
1.4: 2. M KB* Ovfi/S Ponomarenko. 
Gam Union i.fc 3. N Amwnka/G 
Smwerakt Sovtet Union IQ. 

(Women s feral moult} 1, K Win (East 
Germany) 34; 2, K IvsiKM (Soviet 
Unionl 4A - 3. I Kon4reofto*M {Sov«t 
Umonj *S: 4. N LetwdM (S<~v* Ur«on) 
94 5. Ctaucfia Lamer nuu Germany) 
104 8. Ctaucfia wager rSnozari«ri) 
140: 7. S Jackson (dnam 1U: 8, C 
flensel (East Germany) 17A 8. A 
flpssefei (Franca) 17.2; ID. S Beefier 
(West Germany) 184; ii. J Conway 
(Britain) 220: 

public centre. They will be 
used by good players who 
will then give their 

One of the surfaces under 
consideration travels under 
the trade name Supreme 
Court, has medium-paced 
playing qualities, and has 
long been familiar on ihe 
indoor circuit - and popular 
with the players. Whether it 
can withstand the climatic 
extremes of outdoor use 
remains to be seen. 

Australian tennis is mostly 
played on shale or hard 
courts but grass has been 
preferred for big events. A 
synthetic grass surface would 
be an attractive substitute for 
ihe real thing but the LTAA 
have yet to be convinced that 
such a surface has been 
sufficiently developed. 

A tale of 

From Richard Evans 

While Ivan Lendl. Yannick 
Noah and the veteran Jimmy 
Connors continued to make 
the most impressive progress 
in the Ebel US Pro Indoors 
here, the younger generation 
of American players started 
to feel the special pressures 
being placed on them by their 
success hungry countrymen. 

There is nothing Dicken- 
sian about great expectations 
when one is an American 
athlete. Although psycholo- 
gists are trying to suggest 
otherwise, this is still the land 
where number one is the only 
number that counts. The 
USTA have turned on their 
young players and demanded 
more than they are currently 
capable of offering. 

"Where is the new John 
McEnroe?” Thai has been the 
cry heard overtly in the 
American tennis press. Tim 
Mayotte. Paul Annacone and 
Brad Gilbert, who have 
battled their way into the 
quarter-finals here, think that 
is unfair."Everybody’s dump- 
ing on us.” complained 
Gilbert. "I consolidated a 
position in the world's top 20 
last year and Paul had a great 
year, finishing at number 13 
on the ATP computer. Tim is 
number 12 - we’re noi doing 
that bad.” 

If they were anything other 
than Americans they would 
be doing exceptionally well. 
It is easy to sympathise with 
players like Annacone who 
are icnaNy dedicated (o their 
profession but the fact is that 
they are. by accident of birth, 
both enjoying and suffering 
from the same kind of 
spotlight that falls on a soccer 
player signed up by Manches- 
ter United or Reid Madrid. 

Zola Budd is prepared to 
ignore the advice of British 
Team officials, and run in 
this afternoon's Southern 
Women's cross country 
championship at Dene Park 
in Peterborough. 

Andy Norman, head of the 
British Athletics Promotions 
Unit, thinks Miss Budd 
should abandon cross coun- 
try plans in Britain ~ this 
winter in order to avoid any 
repetition of last year's in- 
cident at the national 
championships when she was 
forced from the course by 
anti-apartheid demonstrators. 

The problem is that it is 
virtually impossible to pro- 
tect the whole length of a 
cross country course lap of 
over a mile against any 
recurrence, but Miss Budd 
wants to see how she will 
perform over the country. 

She does not need to run 
today or in the National 
Championships in Leicester 
in two weeks to ensure 
selection for this year's 
World Championships in 
Neuchatel. Switzerland, on 
March 23. 

.As Women’s World Cham- 
pion, the England team 
management are prepared to 
give her direct entry. Bui she 
is bound to find today's 
conditions somewhat dif- 
ferent to those, under which 
she has trained in South 
Africa for ih^ past few 
months. J 

Peterborough is currently 
being swept by icy winds and 
snow flurries, and Miss Budd 
would have to run verv fast 

to reproduce the body heat of 
her training sessions in 

She does not run well on 
snow, due to her spindly- 
frame — as the first lap at the 
national championships in 
Birkenhead last year proved. 
But she should have little 
problem in winning. 

Miss Budd might wish that 
she were running in Miami 
as are Peter ElliotL Paul 
Davies-Hale and David 
Lewis today. ElliotL who is 
due to partner Sebastian Coe 
at 1 500 metres in the indoor 
match against Hungary at 
Cosford next Saturday is 
having his first race since last 
October when he beat Steve 
Ovett in a road mile in San 

Elliott runs another road 
mile today against Steve 
Scott. John Walker and 
Thomas Wesinghage. Lewis 
and Davies-Hale are among 
the favourites for the Orange 
Bowl 10 kilometres. 

The British team in Ma- 
drid today for the indoor 
match against Spain - on the 
164 metres track, which Coe 
has decided is too short for 
him to consider running in 
next month's European 
championships - has been 
deprived of its two star 
performers. Geoff Parsons, 
high jumped a personal best 
of 2.30 metres last week at 
Cosford. and Billy Dec. who 
got pipped by Lewis in the 
3000 metres, but who beat 
Coe. have both dropped out 
to save themselves for future 


Lyle blows up with 76 

From John Bflllantine.Pebbfe Beach 

Sandy Lyle seemed in- 
terested in anything but golf 
as he strode onto the tee of 
the 548-yard 18th at Pebble 
Beach towards the end of his 
first round in the £470.000 
AT & T National Pro-Am 
(formerly the Bing Crosby). 

Lyle was three over par, 
having missed three pitches 
and having had appalling 
luck at the 565-yard 14th 
when he found his ball buried 
under sand and an overhang- 
ing sod. He took six. 

One wondered if he regret- 
ted staying on for another 
tournament after winning 
$24,800 in three weeks. He 
stood flat-footed and lashed a 
drive over the tall pine tree 
250 yards in the middle of 
the fairway. 

In the^'calm sunshine of 

Phoenix last week an eagle 3 
would definitely have been 
on. This time the 40 mph 
gale caught his second shot, 
with a 3 iron, and the ball 
sailed 30 yards to the right 
over a grandstand. 

The Scot was entitled to 
pick any place away from this 
temporary obstruaion. but. 
typically, he played it as it 
lay. wedging high over the 
seats which were empty save 
for two old gentlemen, to the 
green’s edge. 

From 30 feel he left his 
first putt 4 feel short and 
lipped out to finish with 
another six. 

First round leaders: 63 K Aw uapenj 
W Wood. 69 F Zoefler. P Jacobsen. J 
McComsh; 70 B Eastwood. M w«be: '1 
includes T Wstscn. J Haas. D Graham 
(Australia). L Wadkins 
European serres: 74 K Erovm. 76 S Lvte 
76 B Langar. 79 N Faioo 







(Lawrence 35) London Dockland's Crys- 
tal Pataca 123 (Jenranos <4); Hemal end 
Watford Royals 107 (Smell 354. Bnmal 
Docks Uxondge 113 (Pofio 31): Waken 
Craps Lrtomar ill (Vouic 38). 
BlmvngfiHfli Bufiets H3 (Kayes 25); 
Sparrings Sotara Stars 33 (Lewis 31), 
Portsmouth PC 94 (triad 44): QRS 
Sunderland 132 (Dykstra 22), McEmn 
T y naal do 113 (Dennis 47); Team Pohcail 
Kingston 107 (Clerk 26. Boreagar 26). 
Meson Boss S3 (Hunpracfcsr 2). 
Hetkmal Trophy Gannw-rfnelr 
Cskfardete Explorers 1i3. BPCC Rams 
Derby U50: AnC Liverpool 100. Ionian 
Cade Oldham S3. 

Harie ca ) Woman's Cup H aafc D atoaau 
Crystal Pataca 70. Aran North a mpton 

UNITED STATES; MaSanat AranrtnSnn 
(M3A): Seattle Bupereonica 89. New 
Jersey Nats 02; Baton Celtics KM. 
Chtcapo Btda 91; San Antonio Spurs 
112. OevetaRd CMfiars 9& Denver 
' 1C2, nw Yon lUWMnaoctoere 

S7. ftifwaupree Bucks 120, GoMnn Siam 
Warren 108, Houston rockets 111, 
Saoemento Kings 109; Las Angelas 
Lakere US, FoTOand 7 rtf Btetert IK 
EUROPEAN: Women's Ctes^Mon dobs' 
Cep: (Ouarnr-ftnai poup Has) Anon 
DueesaMort, wan Germany 73, Vynka 
Prague. Czac n osloraMa 67: Laueki 
Seta. Bulgaria 81, Primlm 

**en‘* Champion dubs' Cup: (Sentinel 
group, sixth series) Maccetfi Tel Aw, 
weal 105. Ctoena Zagreb Yugoslavia 


UNITED STATES: Pro lodeer Teedia 
ChacatonaMps at PriflerlUphtfl. (6m- 
ntes. 3rd round) I Lores, Czechoslovakia, 
3S tomes, ife. 6-2 6-2 P AnnaeST. 
US. d A Gonwt Ecuador, g-i. 3-6, 3-1 
(red; J Hiasek. Switzorand. a l Larafia. 
Mesial. M. frC; B Gtfben. USTdA 
Ja^LSweden J-e, (7-g ). x Curran, 
US. d T Smid. Czecnostovakifl, 3-6 &js , 
7-6 (7-3): Y O B 



round) S Edbarg and A Jtmnj. Sweoon, 
25* rMd - AusDbE » wo T Sired. 

P Anracone. us, and 
S Stromi. US^2 74 113.1 11; s Dam. 
vS- w4 D P«to. US. won dm (tofauft 
Y Noah. France, and A* Gomez, 

■ 7 

the fighlcr released from the 
promoier he is fighting for 
and then, of course, the 
challenger is going to try 10 
get as much as he ran out of 
me because of the late 

“I 3m not in a strong 
position. I expect it will cost 
me an exira S120.0GO. Bui 
the sponsors, the Irish 
Permanent Building Society, 
are backing me and their 
marketing manager. Ends 
Hogan, will fly wife me to 
South America or wherever 
lo sign the contract." 

The two names are likely 
to be one of the following 
five: Joe Ruelas (US). No 2; 
Jose Marmalejo (Panama). 
No 3; Anion io Rivera 
(Puerto Rico), No 5. a good 
fighter Eastwood had thought 
of Iasi October for 
McGuigan: Daneiio Carbrera 
(Dominican Republic). No 6: 
and Roger Arsvallo (Mexico). 
No 7. 

The choice could be nar- 
rowed down further to Ri- 
vera. who has won 27 of his 
2S bouts. Carbrera (24 wins 
in 25 contests) and Aravallo 
(27 and unbeaten). The No 1 
challenger. Antonio 
Esparragoza. of Venezuela, is 
expected io be ruled out 
because Esparragoza will be 
facing McG'jtgan in June 
when the Irishman makes a 
mandatory defence. 

VkteBto sane ei Ho** (nm round, 
y-gra) S Graf. West Gennaiw, <3 m Joe 
Fernandez, US. 3-0. 6-1; 0 Saturn. 
Argentina, d 6 M&xann. US. 6-7 (7-9), & 
0. 6-4; B Geaustw. as. a Jo Dura. 
Btoam. 7-5, 6-4. K horvan. us. dA 
Tamwrart, Hungary. 0-S. 6-2. 6-2 5 

Rare, us. d k Fuuwi, us. 6-3. 4-6, 6-4- 

Bulgaria, d Katny Jordan! 
US- 6-3; 6-1, WTumDufl, Australia. dA 
Cecehml. IWy, 6-1. 6-3. 







nd __ 
ice ^ebel 
ra- j Sl 
e's a pa 
for soul 
ies oil 

e £ Pi) 

ft ,rakir 



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Knock-on effect will 
keep champions 
Ireland on their toes 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Conirition is an emotion 
not normailv associated with 

Irish rugby players but they 
have had time to ponder, 
since October, the slapdash 
approach against Fiji which 
so nearly left the 19S5 Five 
Nation champions • with egg 
all over their faces. They beat 
the Fijians by one point and. 
but for a *minute knock-on, 
would probably have losL 
it was a warning 
thatshould have served them 
well in preparing for the 
game against France today in 
Paris, where they have not 
won since 1972. They came 
dose in 1980. when they lost 
19-18. and there are two 
survivors from toat game still 
in Ireland's front row. Fitz- 
gerald. the captain, and Orr. 
But I do not think their luck 
will change at Parc des 
Princes because they catch 
the French on the rebound 
and without the two flankers. 
Carr and Matthews, who did 
so much to earn Ireland last 
season's championship. 

To say that France were 
disappointed to lose to Scot- 
land last month, after scoring 
two tries to none, is putting it 
mildly. But on this occasion 
they were not disposed to 
blame the referee. David 
Burnett, as they did when 
losing to Scotland in 1984 nr 
the grand slam game handled 
by Winston Jones. 

’ They may not like the new 
ruck/maul laws — not many 
people do - but it was the 
old (aw. that which concerns 
foul play, which entrapped 
them that day. Jacques 
Fouroux. their coach, will 
have had plenty to say on the 
subject and it is to be hoped 
that he addressed some well 
chosen words to Dubroca. 

The only change France 
have made is to play Champ 
in the back row. An original 
selection for Murray field, he 
was an outstanding success 
on tour in Argentina last 
summer, where he celebrated 
his 23rd birthday, and at 6ft 
4in he brings extra height to 
an area which already has 
Erbani 16ft 4inJ and Joinel 
(6ft 3in|. He also has great 
pace for a big man and it is 
difficult to imagine the Irish 
Hankers. Kearney and Mor- 
row. the new cap. reaching 
the ball early enough to 
create chances for their 


Wane lets 
in Hughes 

Where, perhaps. Ireland's 
back row may create some 
damage is among the French 
half backs: Berbirier’s game 
is not too consistent and 
Laporie. at 33, is not the 
quickest thing on two legs. If 
their service to the French 
three-quarters (who on a 
good day can outshine any- 
one) can be disrupted then 
the Irish marauders may 
have an area in which to 
work profitably. 

But if Lapone gets his 
kicking to work then 
MacNeiU, for one. can expect 
a horrid afternoon. He will 
have Frenchmen climbing all 
over him in pursuit of the 
high ball and, moreover, he 
will have to watch for signs 
of Blanco joining his line 
which he docs to such 
wonderful effect 

But it is a hard, 
physical French pack which 
should hold its own set-piece 
ball - the French lineout for 
all the criticism it has 
suffered, seemed to work 
reasonably well at 

Murrayfield a fortnight ago. 
If they dominate the loose 
bait as I expect them to. they 
should suceed. 

FRANCE: S Bianco (Biarritz): J-B 
La tend (Racing Club), P Seda 
(A gen). P Cbadebecti (Bnve). P 
Esteve (Nartxmne)-, G Uporte 

(Lourdes). £ Champ (Teuton), F 
Hags! IBlftnUr), J Condom (La 
Boucau), D Erbani (Agen), J-L 
Joinei (Brive). Reptoceraents: B 
Herrera (Toulon), P Ondarts (Biar- 
ritz). J-C Orsa (Nice), G Raman 

3 get (Biarritz), J Condom (La 
oucau), D Erbani (Agen), J-L 
line! (Brive). Reotocemems: B 

Irish): T M Hingiand (Ballymena). M 
J K reman (Dolphin), B J MuBki 

g ubfln University). M C Finn (Cork 
restitution); P M Dean (St Mary's 
College), M T Bradley (Cork 
Constitution); P A Orr (OM Wesley). 
C F Fitzgerald (St Mery's College, 
captain), J 4 McCoy (Bangor). D 
Morrow (Bangor), 0 G Lerehan 
(Cork Constitinon), W A Anderson 
(Dungannon). R K Kearney 
(Wanderers), B J Spiltane (Bohe- 
mians). Replacements: A P Ken- 
nedy (London Irish). H T Haibison 
(Bective Rangers), B W McCal 
(London Irish). R C Brady 

R C Brady 
(Ballymena), R P Keyes (Cork 
Constitution). P f Rainey 

Referee: R J Fordham (Australia). 

Key to a running 
game lies 
with forwards 

. . . By Gerald Danes • 

Surpassing even the most Scotland's grand slam year of 
single-minded man's desire 1984. 
for victory mu« be the hope For Wales, both Waters 
that although by the nature of and Brown, the two tallest 
things the penalty will play men, were found wanting in 
an influential role this the lineout at Twickenham, 
afternoon at theCardiff Arms and to a lesser extent so was 
Park, ft should not be Perkins, though ft is not often 
allowed to restrict the effort that the ball is thrown to 
of 30 players to a predonu- him. Much of the Welsh 
nantly kicking contest, which training since then has con- 
the first two internationals centra ted on varying their 
largely were. Somehow, that lineout tactics, in case toe 
would be to miss the point, same problems should occur 
The many opportunities today. For Brown — whose 
for penalty-kickers, in addi- slight physique has prompted 
tion to toe increasing number his mentor, Ray Prosser at 
of scrums resulting from a PontypooL to refer to him as 
restrictive application of the “Tirmbs" — there is the 
law — so seemwglyarbitary additional responsibility of 
and so frustrating — relating having to prove that the 
to the maul, reduces the Welsh can survive without a 
game to an immobile tableau, solid presence on toe side of 
Although both Wales and the scram. 

Scotland, as they amply 
demonstrated in toe last 
internationals, are well 
equipped through Thorburn 
and Hastings to do the 
necessary slotting of goals. 

The likelihood is that these 
sides will break about even. 
Rutherford and Laidlaw. with 
a record partnership together, 
know their business prett>- 

well and inspired their team 
» victoryagainst France. 

MacNeiU: difficult afternoon in prospect 

French get to grips with the ghosts 

ambition to run, whether 
wide or straight down the 
middle, must inevitably 
shrink if the ball does not 
emerge with some regularity 
from the forwards. Here bath 

Davies and Jones are raw 
apprentices in comparison 
but already look as if they 
could cause some mischief, 
given half a chance. 

French rugby is still trying 
to recover from the state of 
shock into which it was 
plunged by the defeat at 

Jacques Fouroux, whose 
superstitions have become 
legendary, has tried to alter 
every single routine 
thatmight have aroused the 
ghosts of 1980. 1982 and 
1984: a new hotel, a new 
training schedule, new sealing 
arrangements in the dressing 
room. But there was little else 
he could do while the team 
was out on the field. France 
lost a game they should have 
easily won. As one critic put 
it. they scored 29 points at 
Murrayfield. 17 against Scot- 
land and 12 against them- 
selves. It would not be a 
surprise if the next title to be 
published in the popular 
Serie Noire series of thrillers 
were The Curse of 

The 1984 grand slam 
disaster is still vivid in 
French memory and it is 
used frequently and selec- 
tively when one is trying to 
argue the case of anti-French 
bias of British and Irish 
referees. In 1984 the French 

players, supporters and me- 
dia held the Welsh referee 
Winston Jones responsible 

era had an almost material dard in the 
consistency. The refereeing of championship. 
David Burnett although sub- The French refi 


countries have already en- , **** **** 

countered difficulties. ^tween Wales andScotiand, 

Against the weighty packs ® ach 1™“ aw3 y 

of &5and and fXl both &°m bomfL Wafes wiU ne^ 
teams survived with a good » *“;Ve **»“ 

deal of credit in toe scrSms. * *9 « » improve a 

for toe debacle. Making Jones ject to some criticism after 
the sole target the French the game, was never attacked 

unwittingly sowed the seeds 
of the 1986 defeaL They 
refuse to draw any lesson 

David Burnett although sub- The French referees, says 
ject to some criticism after foe theory, are encouraged by 
the game, was never attacked foeir society to interpret, toe 
as biased or unfair. None of laws of the game in such a 

foe 22 penalties given by foe 
Irish referee against France 

from 1984 in terms of was contested by the usually 
discipline, and refereeing very outspoken French press. 

standards in the British Isles The post mortem oif foe certain infringements which 
may have proved fetal to defeat has revealed two main would be promptly sanc- 
their aspirations this season, schools of thought' according tioned by one of their British 
This time the French are to one Mr Burnett, although counterparts. And when they 
obviously aware that they correct, was too severe and play in foe five nations 
have nobody to blame but had emphasized foe letter championship foe French 
themselves. “There is no rather than foe spirit of foe nlavera are nenali' 2 «f for 

manner to promote foe 
attacking game and eliminate 
foe break-downs. In this 
context they tend to overlook 
certain infringements which 
would be promptly sanc- 
tioned by one of their British 
counterparts. And when they 

to have foeir wits about them 

deal of credit in foe scrSms. * « » L mpr0VB i® 

The lineout was an altogether statistic which shows only 
different matter. It proved an *L ven yftones m foeir last 
insurmountable phase for A:..”* 

Wales and foe game finally 

drifted away from them in (South Glamorgan institute), a 
foe dying seconds, whereas Bowen rsoufr v 
Scotland managed to survive (Carom; 

on their meagre rations. ■ 

though only just H adman (Cardiff), M Brown 

Wales, with no free options (PontypooQ, S J Perkins (pemty- 
open, return to the fray with VSSESf’S f 

an unchanged team. Scot- (Uanen. captain), p t 

themselves. “There is no rather than the spirit of foe 
comparison between the 1984 law.“If you want to destroy a 
and the 1986 Scottish game, you only have to apply 

teams,*' said doyen of foe 
French rugby writers, foe 
editor of L’Equipe, .Henri 
Garcia. “The 1984 Scottish 

strictly the laws of the game." 
Fouroux said. “No one 
would be able to argue. The 
mistakes are there to be 

players are penalized for 
mistakes they would usually 
gel away with in their 
domestic competition. 

There is no surprise; there- 
fore. that foe Australian 
referee for today's game 

dooO. D R Waters (Newport), D F 
(Ltene a, captain). P T 

land, with a slight adjust- )T , T3ey(^f»aaf , T5 , *S"^ 
merit, have brought in (Swansea), M H J Dougina (Loo- 
Paxton for only his second wash), l S tephens (Br' 
game in a full international at (Nwnh). u 

lock. His first was against scotlai®: a g Hastings (London 
England in 1983, ana he Scottish); mdf Duncan (West of 
played again in that position Scotland). D I Johnston 

Ws“ BratarittHta. SBSSBSTfr R URSE 

the new stand at Murrayfield j y Rutherford (SeBdrtg, n j 
was opened. Lakflaw (jad-ForesQ; DMfi Soto 

Included for his height and JgJJj- . 9- I Ifc 2 B rt2LJt£S c, 'i 
toroncentrate on Scotland's 28£y 1 
need for possession in toe (Hawieky, l a M Paxton (Seflciik), F 
lineout, he may fed less Crider (Stewart's MeMto FPL J R 
hesitant away from his cus- nSjK n ,i5tf°A iP'SSS 
ternary postion of No 8, jsSSSTTiLv^ fp^ gTj 
knowing that be returns to CeUamtar (Kstoo). D B White 
face an opponent against (Gria), S G Johnston (WatsoniansL 
whom he has been rewarded S ^ 

in the post with three tries - iMtoreK R o’ Frands (New 
two last year, and one in Zealand). 

side was a great team. This penalized, but foe spirit of against Ireland. 

MrtA lime - ^ VI ra. ’ 

one was the poorest Scottish 
team I have seen since the 
war. Usually foe Scots have a 
strong element in foeir game: 
a powerful pack, or a very 
mobile and aggressive back 

the game is gone. horanam, has been closely 

According to his school of watched by players, officials 
thought foe referee is in- and journalists. After the 
vested with too much power England-Wales international, 
and foe game is basically at Mr Fordham refereed a 
his discretion. “The referees university game in Paris last 

row or fast and elusive are becoming bigger than foe week and then was offered a 
backs. ^ I his side had game itself.” one official said cup match between Toulouse 
nothiijg. The other theory maintains and Marmande to handle as 

. Jh *'f SSSSSL iLii! toat foe source of foe French a warm-up before the inter- 
SLnmSSXSJSSf defeat at Murrayfield is to be national- 
players, officials and support j n t j, e refereeing stan- Chris Thau 

Laidlaw (Jed-Foresfe D M 6 Soto 
(Bate). C T Deans (Hawick, 
captain), ( G Mine (HartequmsL J 
Jeffrey (Kstoo), A J CampMfl 
(Hawick), t A MPaadon (Seflciik), F 

Crider (Stewart's MeMa m, J R 
Beattie (Glasgow Academicals). 
Reptecement*: A K Brewster 
(Stewart's Mrivifle FPL G J 
Critander (Keteo). D B White 
(GataL S G Johnston (WatsoniansL 
D S Wyflte (Stewart's MeMHe FP), 
P W Dods (Gaia). 
n ete im R C Frands (New 


Milton cam- 
make it 
tough for 

By a Correspondent 

Glen Milton, a 21 -year-old 
from Brentwood, is foe man 
most likely to benefit im-j, 
mediately from the extract 
dinary sequence of events 
that has seen foe national 
championships, starting to- 
day, virtually change eras 
from amateurism to pro- 
fessionalism within three 

Milton, who won his first 
cap for England this season, 
should come through in foe 
first two days at Altrincham 
to meet the title-holder, Steve 
Baddeley. when foe split- 
venue format moves to toe 
last two days at Woking on 
Tuesday and Wednesday. 

Baddeley, as one of foe top 
four seeds, enters at the ^ 
quarter-final stage, and, like* 7 
three other so-called rebels, 
does so after changing his 
mind about not playing 
because a three-year contract 
has been signed with Channel 
4 television. 

This remarkable about-turn 
means, however, that the 
champion may have only one 
day between being home 
from an exhausting journey 
from Japan to meeting an 
opponent who took him toe 
full distance at the same 
venue before Christmas. 

Nick Yates, the No 2, who 
should meet Miles Johnson, 
is in the same boat, but 
Baddeley may find it harder 
to stay afloat. It says much . 
that he is prepared to take > 
the risk, what Ire may not 
know — because a deal was 
signed whilst England’s squad 
was away — is that the event 
also now has a multi- 
thousand pound sponsorship 
from Carkberg. 

This is the same company 
that sponsors Helen Troke, 
foe women's favourite. 

Wonderful though foe 
strength in depth is, foe event 
will be missing some famous 
names. The former world 
doubles champion Nora 
Perry has stuck to her 
decision not to play, the 
former world No 1 Gillian 
Gilks has a tendon injury, foe 
former national champion 
Karen Beckman has, at 26. ./ 
apparently retired from sin- ’’ 
gles, while Jane Sutton, 
Perry's old world title win- 
ning partner, has tragically 
and prematurely retired from 
serious competition at only 
.23. _ 


By Keith Macklin 

Although the suspension of 
foe Great Britain under-2I 
captain Sbaun Wane is a 
disappointment both for the 
player and the team’s coach, 
Maurice Bam ford, foe side 
should beat France undw-21 
at Whitehaven tomorrow. 

The shock defeat suffered 
by the British youngsters in 
France a fortnight ago has 
shaken up the squad's un- 
doubted complacency, and 
Bamford is confident that 
they will return to the flowing 
and confident form pre- 
viously displayed by Britain 
against France at inter 
national level. 

The suspension of Wane 
gives a great opportunity to 
the Leigh booker Gary 
Hughes, who has made rapid 
strides since being elevated to 
the Leigh first team. It also 
gives an opportunity to foe 
Hull forward Neil Puckering 
to show his versatility, since 
he moves from booker to 
take Wane’s place at prop 

Bamford has shuffled his 
side, making several po- 
sitional changes and dropping 
Ford and DannaU, and his 
young charges are aware that 
their claims for places in the 
senior squad against Austra- 
lia will stand or fall on foeir 
performances in tomorrow's 
game.which is sponsored by 
Whitbread Trophy. 

In foe First Division 
Wigan , who suffered foeir 
first defeat in 20 matches at 
Widnes on Wednesday, 
travel to play the bottom dub 
Dewsbury and will no doubt 
restore their form and con- 
fidence at foe expense of the 
underdogs. Wigan will be 
without both their prop 
forwards. Wane and the 
Australian Greg Dowling, 
who had a scare on Wednes- 
day when he received lime 
burns to an eye and had to 
have hospital treatment. 

Widnes, who have surged 
back to form since the sale of 
Lydon and the return as 
coach of Duggie Laughton, 
will test to the full the quality 
of the mini-revival of Sal- 
ford. who have moved up the 
table of late, away from the 
relegation zone. Halifax and 
Hull Kingston Rovers will 
fight out a top-four battle at 
Thrum HaJl, and Leeds can 
be expected to continue their 
strong ran by beating S win- 
ton, whom they overcame 
convincingly in the Challenge 
Cup on Thursday. 

Knowles faces another 
test of character 

By Sydney Frisian 

Tony Knowles, ranked Thorburn. lodged an official 
number three in the world, complaint about the table 
has no illusions about his calling it sub-standard and 
task when he meets • Cliff adding that foe pockets were 
Thorburn, the holder, in the too tight He had made an 
semi-final of foe Benson and earlier complaint after he had 
Hedges Masters tournament defeated Alex Higgins in foe 
at the Wembley Conference first round and said, “If 
Centre today. The Canadian, something is not done, the 
his confidence still unshaken, tournament will be ruined.” 
will put foe skills of Knowles Nick HilL foe tournament 
to foe test director, made an official 

Knowles had survived a statement after the match, 
severe test against the Austra- “The table was checked and 
lian Eddie Chariton who lost eventually passed fit in foe 
5-4 after making a brilliant presence of Jade Kameham, 
break ot' 101 in the seventh a member of the committee, 
frame and scored so fluently John Smyth a senior referee, 
in foe eighth that Knowles the table fitter, and 
must have wondered whether myself.” he said, 
he would get back again to Griffiths had left the arena 
foe table. Alas for Charlton after the first frame against 
whose accumulation was Thorburn in which he was 
halted when his attempt to twice penalised for not mak- 
pot foe brown just failed. ing, in foe referee's opinion, a 

Fortunes changed so genuine attempt to get at the 
dramatically thereafter as to pink from a snookered po- 
rn ake this foe best match of sition. “I am not complaining' 
the tournament so fer. That about this incident but why I 
brown ball was to play an left foe arena will be ex- 
even greater pan in the . plained in my report to foe 
destiny of the match for it World Professional Billiards 
took a toll of eight points and Snooker Association.” 
from Chariton when foe cue 
ball disappeared into a 

Boisterous behaviour by 
sections of the crowd has 
become endemic at Wembley 
and Chariton had to put up 
with spectators rejoicing over 
his misfortunes. 

There was more trouble 
earlier for foe organisers 
when Terry Griffiths, who 
had been beaten 5-2 by 


The will to win beyond the wilderness 

While not putting too fine 
a point on it. Thorburn said 
that he had difficulty with the 
cushions from which the ball 
kept coming back too 

(Can) bt T Griffiths 5-2. Frame 
scores (Thorburn first): 60-45, 64- 
34, 60-56. 33-64. 56-68, 76-30. 66- 
41 A Knowles bt E Charlton (Aust) 
5-4. Frame scores (Knowles first): 
44-80, 25-95. 79-19, 70-16, 71-1 £ 
1-92, 0-114. 64-51. 63-53. 


Plight of Portsmouth 

The Carisberg National 
League title ambitions of 
Portsmouth have received a 
setback with the injury that 
may keep their 25-year-oki 
American guard. Jose 
Slaughter.out for foe rest of 
foe season. Slaughter hurt his 
back when felling awkwardly 
after only two minutes of 
Wednesday's first division 
match at Solenu which Ports 1 
mouth went on to win 9483. 

Although the injury is not 

Slaughter, who had treatment 
on Thursday with the Ports- 
mouth football club physio- 
therapist. John Dicken. wiil 
do well to be back in action 
for the national champion- 
ship play-offs, which take 
place at the end of March. 

Slaughter, from Louisiana, 
was playing only his eleventh 

By Nicholas Harling 

game for Portsmouth. He was 
bought from Sunair Ostende, 
foe Belgian club, in Decem- 
ber. as a temporary replace- 
ment for Joel Moore, who 
badly cut an eye in a car 
crash. With Moore also 
unlikely to return by the end 
of the season. Portsmouth 
have problems both at guard 
and with foeir Americans. 
With toe arrival of Slaughter, 
Portsmouth had to dispense 
with foe services of Alan 
Cunningham for foe rest of 
the season as no club is 
permitted by the English 
Basket Ball Association to 
change more than one Ameri- 
can during a season. 

Although Portsmouth will 
ask foe EBBA for special : 
dispensation, it is unlikely , 
that Cunningham will be 1 
allowed to return 

Nick Faldo's contribution 
to Europe’s victory in toe 
Bell's Scotch Ryder Cup last 
September took place behind 
dosed doors rather than on 
the feirways of the Brabazon 
course at the Belfry. 

Tormented by his indif- 
ferent form, Faldo — who is 
often criticized for being 
blinkered by self-admiration 
- told the captain, Tony 
Jacklin, to disregard him 
following a foursomes defeat 
on toe first morning. 

• “I told Tony not to worry 
about me.” reveals Faldo. 
“We had a strong team, we 
had a great chance of winning 
and the last thing I wanted to 
do was spoil the party for 

Faldo, whose record in the 
Ryder Cup is second to none 
among foe current class, 
emerged that week without a 
point to his credit but 
content in the knowledge that 
he had assisted the team by 
virtually dropping himself 
In truth many observers 
questioned Jacklin 's derision 
to select Faldo in toe first 
place. The captain confirmed 
Faldo’s presence 48 hours 
after watching bis premature 
departure from toe Benson 
and Hedges International at ; 

A summer of discontent 
had continued as Faldo failed 
to survive the halfway cut in 
toe final Ryder Cup qualify- 
ing tournament on toe way (o 
plunging to 42nd place in the 
Epson Order of Merit. 

Faldo's first marriage, to 
Melanie RockalL a magazine 
writer, in 1979. had come to 
an end amid a wave of 
publicity, and his concentra- 
tion on foe course most 
certainly waned. 

So many 

“I went into a slide, foe 
biggest of my golf career, and 
with so many hassles around 
I couldn't get my act 
together,” Faldo says.’ “The 
pressure built up as I seemed 
to get a hammering whatever 
I did. When i went out onto 
foe course, and made a 
couple of mistakes. 1 simply 
started to think 'here we go 
again, more fuel for the fire’. 

“When things are going , 

well on the course it is fer 
easier to come to terms with 
other matters because foe 
most important thing is 
playing good golf. But if 
you’re not doing that then I ■, 

can tell you it’s not very i 
enjoyable at all. < 

“I did not get officially ( 



Nk± Faldo explains: “The key thing to 
understand is that aiy old backswfeg went inside 
then (J) By toads mold a» op, nthcr (but 
cotrthmliig an the sane ptaae, and timngfc doing 
so 1 got into toe nasty habit of tovtog wtot fg 
commonly known as (2) a Hying right etov. By 
popping oat of positioB. on a hn swmg, it 
woaid pst (3) the direction of die dab bead 
across the fine, which is obriooriy not very 

good, and I would be 
to transfer my body i 



“1 have not, of coarse, atdte reached the top of 
toe bockswing in dds pfcnare of say Bewswisf 
bat as yoo can see (4) the left wrist H now fiat 
which means that (5) the right efirawis tacked in 
much better and I am achieving a better tan ' 
by staying on a plane, lean see, tfaroogfa these 
pictures, bow moch better the ange of toe 
sboaJdar plane and toe hip plane s for me. Now I 
am creating a cafl-tore tomand by winding ap 
like a spring 1 am obtaining better fewersee. I am 
no longer sloppy at the top of the backswrag.” 

divorced until last August 
alfoough a lot of people 
thought it happened back in 
October 1984. I had all toe 
niggles of that to contend 
with and, as some friends 

In feet there has been little 
worthwhile to 'celebrate since 

book at him. He really did! 
David wanted me to work on 

Faldo won toe Sea Pines a new backswmg and, chang- 
Heritage Classic, on the ing things that I had done all 
American circuit, in April my golfing life meant exag- 

1984, then returned home to 

told me over dinner toe other capture the Car Care Plan 
night, what I've been experi- International in Leeds. It still 

enced during toe last two 
years most people don't 
experience in 10.” 

Faldo has gained the 
reputation of being a loner 
since he joined the European 
lour in 1976, following an 
astonishing amateur career 
during which he won no 
fewer than 12 titles in 1975, 
and although he denies this 
to be the case there is little 
doubt that he needs a wife as 
a constant companion. 

In GiU Bennett, whom he 
married earlier this year, he 
has a partner familiar with 
the rigours of travelling - her 
father was a jumbo jet pilot - 
and perfectly willing to walk 
the feirways of the world to 
share foe despair and toe 

seems incredible that such a 
gifted player, who won five 
times in 19S3 en route to 
leading toe European Order 
of Merit, should be starting 
the new season without a win 
to his credit for 20 months. 

The reason for such a tong 
spell in toe wilderness can be 
traced to Faldo's decision to 
dismantle his old swing and, 
under the instruction of the 
golf teacher David 
Leadbetter, who was bom in 
Woking but is now based at 
the Creenleaf dub in Florida, 
develop a new swing. 

**I was tinkering around 
with a few ideas at toe start 
of last year," explains Faldo. 
“But at the Memorial Tour- 
nament in May I saw David 
and I asked him u> throw the 

my golfing life meant exag- 
gerating everything to break 
away from old habits. At 
times it felt really weird, 
crazy, bat I persevered. 

“On occasions it seemed 
that I was painting toe club 
behind me, rather than down 
the feirway, as I sought to get 
toe swing on more ota plane. 
In feet I would actually 
practise that. I would have a 
picture in my mind of 
actually trying to point toe 
club at it. People would 
watch me doing this and I'm 
sure they thought 1 bad 
cracked up. But it was purely 
an exercise. 

“By September, when I saw 
David again. I thought I was 
there. But David, in spite of 
being impressed with the 
backswmg. told me that I was 
suit making my old down- 
swing. I was releasing, on 
occasions, two feet before toe 

ball and I had to return and 
wort with David for a full 
week before I got that right" 

In feet Faldo was delighted 
by the way be played in toe 
United States and in the 
Dunhill Cup at St Andrews 
towards toe end of toe year, ,‘jt 
“I was back in control of my 
game," he adds. “And I had 
eradicated my bad shot 
which was a kind of pull- 
draw which had come about 
because I had got so sloppy at 
the top of the swing. I was so 
delighted that I decided to 
take a few weeks off at home 
and leave the dubs alone." 

The major 

Faldo, however, returned 
to see Leadbetter, who has 
assisted Nick Price and Denis 
Watson, both winners of toe 
prestigious World Series of 
Golf tournament for seven 
days intensive work before 
swinging back into action in J 
the Phoenix Open in Arizona 
which finished last weekend. 

“The target now is to get 
back on track by starting to 
win ajjain,” be says. “The 
swing is still very new to me 
but I feel that I am in 
control. It seems strange to 
put a date on it but I guess I 
was waiting for January 1 of 
this year to make a fresh 
wait. I have no plans so fer 
for Europe, as fer as a 
schedule is concerned, except 
that the Open championship 
the major goal. 

“My first aim is to try and 
win m America, so that 1 can ■» 
«am a place in the US p 
Masters, and I'll be 
concentrating on that alone 
for toe next three months. 

My desire is certainly back 
and I am prepared to make 
sacnGces to get back to the 

Faldo is well aware that 
while he has laboured 
ut rough the last 20 months, 
Bernhard Langer (US Mas- 
tors) and Sandy Lyle (Open 
championship) have emerged 1 
alongside Severiano 
pauesteros as Europe’s lead- 
ing golfers. 

Moreover, he would cur- 
rently not hold exempt status 
tor the Open championship, 
at Turoberry in July, if he 
bad not been selected by 
Jacklin for toe Ryder Cap. 

1 ^'rony « that while Faldo 

made Itfe easier for Jacklin at -' 

The Belfry so Jacklin might * 
have provided Faldo with a 
passage into a championship 
m which he could confirm 
himself to be back on too 
again. K 

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Gower leaves 


himself and 
Botham out of 
first match 

By Mandarin 
(Michael Phafips) 

From Jo!m 

Conwary to_ custom David have been 

Botham’s happy-go-incky 

tern MmdTStTO SS 

SEE? 8 * of *** West manager, 
Indies tour, against Wind- . v ■> 

ward Islands ISg hS 

today. He * intends plavinp 
“Stead in the next for# 

^mes, which include the first 
Test match and the first of 
the one-day internationals. 

Smith and WiUey are given 
an early chance to stake a 
Test claim, while Botham, 
like Gower, is saved for a 
straight run at the first of the 
big matches. 

If Gower's o'mmission is 
unusual (G. O.AUen in 1947- 
48 was the last England 
captain not to play in the first 
first-class match of a West 
Indian tour, and injury was 
the reason for that), it makes 
perfectly good sense. It is also 
unusual, even at the start of a 
tour, for all the players to be 
fit for selection, as they were 
now. Lest anyone should 

deceived by 

to practice, the 
_ . when announcing 
today's _ side, made an 
approving ^ reference to 
Botham's contribution < w»y 
last Saturday's arrival. 

So Catting ca ptains today 
and Thomas and Taylor. 
who , like Smith, are on their 
first tour, go into ft pmflriwnp 
action. If Taylor is a genuine 
tail-end batsman - to genera l 
amusement the bowling ma- 
chine made a real monkey of 
him the other day Thomas 
at No 9 could well score 
some useful, hard-hit runs. 

The Windwards are the 
weakest of the Mamt sides. 
Of their three Shell Shield 
matches this season, they 
have drawn one and lost the 
others. Their players hail 
from Dominica, Grenada, St 
Lucia and St Vincent, and 
here in St Vincent, at Arnos 
Vale, the setting for their 
games is quite dramatic, tin 
ground being right on the sea 
with a view down to the 

Thomas: possible source of 
for England 

Between them the four 
islands proudly claim five 
Test players - Michael Find- 
lay, the two ShrHidgfozd 
brothers (Grayson and Ir- 
ving), Winston Davis and 
Norbert Phillip. Davis, the 
'most recent of them, is away 
playing in Tasmania. PhiDip, 
the Essex stalwart, has re- 
tired. Of those in the oppo- 
sition, today. Lance John 
scored 114 and 88 for them 
against the last Australian 
side to tour here and Julian 
Charles scored a century 
earlier this week for the 
Windwards against Guyana. 

There is no last bowfing to 
speak o£ which - is rare. 


Witt shows experience 
will count in Geneva 

How times have 
changed. Twelve months ago 
the mighty Burrough Hill 
Lad, with a string of victories 
that included the Cheltenham 
Gold Cup and King George 
VI steeplechase behind him, 
managed to frighten away all 
the opposition and walked 
over for the valuable Gains- 
borough Chase at Sandown. 
Now, following ‘ that rather 
lame performance at 
Kempioo on Boxing Day his 
reputation, if not actually in 
tatters is certainly at stake 
and there are five others 
trying to exploit any chink 
that there may now be in his 

In an attempt to get to the 
root of the problem Burrough 
Hill Lad’s owner Stan Riley 
has even resorted to replacing 
the horses former rider, Phil 
Tuck, with Peter Scudamore: 
Whether that ploy does the 
trick , remains to be 
Until such a time that 
Burrough Hill Lad sparkles in 
public again 1 intend to lode 
elsewhere in a race of this 
nature. So Western Sunset is 
p re fe rred in this instance; 

With Run and Skip also 
standing his ground and 
seemingly certain to try to 
live up to his name again just 
as he did here l ast month and 
at Chepstow in December, 
today's race is likely to be 
run at a fierce gallop. Having 
ridden Run and Skip, 
Scudamore will be only too 
well aware of tire dangers. 

But this time I fed that the 
circumstances con Id easily 
play into the hands of Hywel 
Davies on Western Sunset 
Tim. Forster’s jockey will 
want nothing better than a 
good gallo p SO that he nan 

hold Western Sunset up for 
as long as possible before 
imipaqhing him at the last 
minute. - 

If things go according to 
plan and Davies can bring 
Western Sunset with the sort 
of short sharp final spurt that 
won the day so decisively at 
Ascot last month he could 
easily prove too quick for the 
rest at these weights. He 
certainly Ins the beating of 
Maori Venture on Ascot 

Run and Skip still has the 
beating of Golden TV if one 
harps back to the Welsh' 

Deer Crest 


Bishop's Yam foils at the last to leave Nudge Nudge dear in the Stanley Conditional Cfcase(Pb0tograpfcLui Stewart) 

Halfan-faour later See Yoa 
Then, the reigning Champion 
Hurdler will make his long 
awaited seasonal debut in the 
Oteley Hurdle. Contrary to 
some reports there has been 

nothing the matiw with him 
this winter. It has simply 
taken his trainer. Nicky 
Henderson, longer than ei- 
ther he or any of us imagined 
to get him fit after his ultra 
long summer's rest added to 
which Henderson has been in 
no hurry as bis sights have 
been firmly set on one goal 
and that is at Cheltenham in 
March. ' 

National. Heavy sound wfil 
1 ibelnsh challenger 

From Michael C(deman,'Copen]iagen 
Sometime next week the salchow, too, but a blemish 
selectors of the National -with the second over-rotated 
Skating Association will an-: triple toe; 
nounce the team, for the. .Anna JKondrasbova's soft- 
Geneva worid Chflnftiionsifips ‘ as-silk axels and triple jumps 
and the question engaging at both loop and toe loop 

not worry the 

Rainbow Warner, who is 
accustomed to racing in bog- 
like conditions in his home- 
land. Nevertheless recent 
evidence suggests that he 
should ' be no match for 
Western Sunset 

However, that objective 
does not mean that See You 
Then will be rusty this 
afternoon. Any doubts that 
lingered in the minds of some 
were surely swept away at 
Kempton 15 days ago when 
See You Then went so well in 
a public school after racing. 
And he has continued to go 
well at home in the mean- 
time. But with Asir and Tom 
Sharp in the field this will be 
no pushover for tire cham- 

Also I should add that 
Sabin da Loir would be a 
certainty with only 10-7 if he 
was as good as he was three 
years when he numbered 
Dawn Run among his scalps. 

But the foci remains he has 
been dogged by leg trouble in 
the meantime and on his 
reappearance at Cheltenham 
a week ago he was adjudged 
to have finished 47 lengths 
behind Stans. Pride who was 
beaten 10 lengths by See You 
Then in the Champion Hur- 

The Scilly Isles Novice's 
Chase features an intriguing 
dash between Berlin and 
Desert Orchid, two of the 
best recruits to steeplechasing 
this season. Over hurdles 
Desert Orchid was un- 
questionably the better. But 
to my eyes Beilin has looked 
the more natur al jumper of 
fences and he is preferred. 
Another point in my 
selection's favour is his 
evident relish of soft ground 
whereas, as good a mover as 
Desert Orchid is he is always 
likely to be better on foster 

Berlin's rider, Dermot 
Browne, also has a good 
chance of winning the Ripley 
Novices Hurdle on Bnnncou 

In my opinion, though, the 
day's best bet is to be found 
at Stratford where Imperial 
Bid is napped to win the 
Chariecote Novices' Hurdle. 
Owned and trained by the 
former English soccer inter- 

national, Francis Lee, Im- 
perial Bid had good form on 
the flat last year - he was 
successful twice at York and 
once at Sandown - when he 
was trained by Clive Brittain. 

Running for the first time 
under National Hunt rules at 

Hay dock last month Imperial 
Bid shows himself to be an 
adaptable individual when he 
won his first hurdle race by 
four lengths and I confidently 
expea him to go on to even 
better things. 

Irish jockeys banned 

Six Irish jockeys, including 
the reigning champion. 
Tommy Carmody, and die 
current leading rider, Tom 
Taaffe, were yesterday sus- 
pended for a week by die 
stewards for refusag to ride 
In a novices' chase at lim- 
erick, on January 23rd. 

Carmody, Taaffe, Tom 
Morgan, Tom Peter 

Kareoagh and the 1985 
champion claiming rider, 
Conor O'Dwyer, were handed 
die seven-day ban at the Tnrf 
dab after being reported by 
the Limerick stewards. 

Carmody, Taaffe, Frank 
Berry and Tony Powell had 
fed a deputation from the 
jockeys to foe Limerick 
stewards p ret e stin g that foe 
course “was not safe for 
raring" approximately 15 
minute* before the start of 
foe race in question. How- 

ever, die Limerick stewards 
were satisfied the coarse was 
fit for racing and that foe 
jockeys had adequate time to 
render their protests earlier. 

Berey and Powell had no 
ride in the disputed event 
which eventually went ahead 
almost half an hoar late with 
substitute jockeys, although 
me trainer had to withdraw 
his runner because he could 
not find a replacement. Berry 
and Powell therefore escape 
the suspension, although the 
stewards noted they had “not 
exercised proper judgement" 
in lodging such a belated 

The saspensians come into 
effect today and this means 
that Morgan has to forego 
foe ride oa foe Michael 
Cunningham-trained Rainbow 
Warrior in today's Gains- 
borough Handicap Chase at 

Deer Crest, a foil brother 
to the season's most im- 
proved chaser Run and Skip, 
could be 3 lively contender 
for the Cheltenham Festival's 
Waterford Crystal Supreme 
Novices' Hurdle following an 
impressive victory at 
Sandown yesterday. 

Jumping to the front three 
flights from home in the first 
division of the January Nov- 
ices Hurdle, Deer Crest, the 
5-2 favourite, easily held ihe 
challenge of market rival 
Ramadi Dawn (1 1-4) to win 
going away by six lengths. 
This was the 28th winner of 
the season for Ross-on-Wye 
trainer John Edwards, who 
said: “I bought him in 
Ireland during the summer, 
he was very expensive and 
will make a nice chaser one 
day." Edwards trains Yabis 
for the same owner and that 
horse is also Cheltenham 

Nudge Nudge had two 
major slices of luck when 
completing a hat-trick in the 
Stanley Conditional Jockeys 
Handicap Chase. Nudge 
Nudge. Thornton and 
Bishop's Yarn had pulled 
clear of the field with five to 
jump. However, Thornton 
came down at the Pond fence 
and then the 4-1 favourite. 
Bishop's Yarn, fell at the last 
when holding a half-length 

The favourite's departure 
left Nudge Nudge well dear 
and he sironed home in his 
own time 15 lengths clear of 
_Membridge. ' 

Nick Henderson cast anx- 
ious looks at the grey sky 
after his Paulatim had main- 
tained the stable's good form 
by getting up dose home to 
beat long time leader Devin er 
in the Fairmile Novices 
Handicap Chase. 

Henderson’s reigning Cham- 
pion Hurdler, See You Then, 
makes his long-awaited first 
appearance of the season in 
the £7,000 Oteley Hurdle at 
Sandown tomorrow. 

Henderson said: “Its so 
bitterly cold I'm just praying 
the snow and frost slays away 
and racing is on tomorrow. 
See You Then is in good 
form but will come on tons 
for the race. Even if he is 
beaten. I'll be delighted if he 
runs well”. 

If raring is off. See You 
Then will cany topweight in 
the Schweppes the following 

everybody is: Susan Jackson 
or Joanne Conway? ■ 

As everyone . with a 
tdevisonknows. Miss Jack-, 
son, who . lost her national 
title to Miss Cairway before 
Christmas, finished . seventh 
in the European figure deal- 
ing championships m Copen- 
hagen on Thursday night 
while Miss Conway came 
1 1th. 

It has been suggested that 
despite this slight reverse to 
the 14-year-old Miss 
Conway's ambitious p la ns, 
she ought to get the Geneva 
ticket as her future prospects 
are better. The Calgary Olym- 
pics of 1988 are still in the 
people's sights; the sooner 
one is pitched into the 
toughest competition the bet- 
ter, so the argument goes. 

Television viewers, how- 
ever, also saw Katarina Witt 
reverse all the most up-to- 
date rinkside tips, including 
my own, by triumphi ng ye t 
again, holding off the stron- 
gest trio of Soviet women 
skaters ever seen. Never 
mind thfc lacklustre training 
sessions and all the signs that 
her number was at last up. 

Miss Witt, still only 20. 
had it made from her first 
triple toe-doable toe loop 
combination. A fine triple 

followed but the crown was 
already on Miss Witt’s head, 
thanks partly to foe mistakes 
earlier by Moscow’s Kira 
Ivanova, - her , threatening 
undefsfody for so long. 

This classic demonstration 
by Mbs Witt of how experi- 
ence tilts the balance when in 
adversity most surely guide 
selectors to choose Miss 
Jackson for Geneva. 

Televised: 1.30, 2.0, 230, 3.0 


L30 HANDICAP HURDLE ( £4,4932m 5f) ( 19 runners) 

2 044-OW 






000020 STAB OF^m 

104-000 tSHKOaUNNU 


3-01000 CHARLOTTE'S 

UK 1*9 J Frsncotm.6 11 TSmlft Ecctea 
- Owners ) M H Eastatoy 6 11 2 

'• (R McAtoine) J Edwards S 11 0 — 

J Spoamg 7 10 13 Scuctamoca 

D Muray-Smtffi S 10 12 

N Westbrook) M H Esstsrby 6 1011 



The Nottingham giri deliv- 
ered it just as her trainer, 
Arnold Gerschwiler, had 
mapped it out, opening with 
a fine double axel-doubk i-toe 
loop combination ;. quickly 
followed by triple toe-double 
toe. Aft . foe other doubles, 
including lutz, -followed. The 
salchow would have been a 
triple bad not foe Geneva] 
ticket been at stake. ■ - 











34-1400 MAN ABOUT TOWN (A Crowftte) 

P MfcM 8 10 9 R Dunwoody 

430201 YES MASTER (Queen Motor} F WStwyn 8.10 9_ K " 

30-0T1U CUMREW (G 

8 10 8 

01200X3 NPBUUM (H New) J Okf 9 10 5 — 

0MP-00 SHUT CO pEeh (O TjfalMra N Smtt 8 10 4 

00-040 MBSTER (A GrMton) J QU 8 10 4 



c«w (4 

340-oa HOORAH rENRV (N P»wia) J Sayon 6 10 3 
W003 BO HERAfl H (H McCafi) Q tokfing 8 10 1_ 
0-03144 WBBBREAKEB (A PepoeriA Moore 8 10 1 


S Starwood 

B REAKE R (A Pepper) A Moore B 10 1 — G Moore 

41-flflP TRUE HERITAGE (BF) {B totter) A J Wtoon 7 10 0 

09-9001 BJQEE (Q (P Kearney) J Sayers 5 10 0 J3 *0 P Doubts 

8-1 Yes Master, 132 Cumrew, 7-1 Bjges, 8-1 BcberestlJQpgwNcfc. . 10-1 Hoo rah 
Henry. 12-1 CameedesOiertoSe's Dunce. 14-1 Msrv Abort Town Star of Screen. 18- 
1 Wmrtireafcar Master. 20-1 others. SWbbob 4, 13, 20. 24. 

Sandown selections 

“We have a lot of very 
hard work ' to do now,' 
Gerschwiler, creator of many j 
■previous- champions, said. 
“We'll put a few- more 
difficulties in here and there. 
At this level one cannot | 
afford to take time off Burtj 
I'm very happy.” 

By Mandarin 

IJO Yes Master 2.00 BaUnacuna Lad 2.30 Western Sunset 3.00 
See You Then 3.35 Berlin 4.05 Brunico 


W .- 

1 02/1-T3U RFTY DOLLARS MORE (Q (Shaikh A1 Atu KharasM F VNWer 

2 0-00323 BALLDMCURRA LAD (MreA Moynton) M P*» 11 113 P Lead* 

3 2U-313F MJCKBE £B0JR Tory) D Bawwrt h 7 10 B___ — C Brown 

5 00-2332 KAHENOMONE {CXBJ} (UCol R Wanton! M H EastBrt»jf_8_10 0 

7 11022 0 WILT YEOMAN (Os H Atwen) J GHford 

.11 20/0200- AUBQHTV 

MissJackson improved] 
. from 10th fast year to 
seventh and is growing in; 
confidence all foe time. 

' Atwen) J GBforf 7 10 0 __ R 

(D Hodges) R Hodges 9 10 0__ G McCourT 
9-4 tCarenomora. S-1 BaNnacurre Lad, 7-2 Bucfcbe, 11-2 Fifty Dotes More, 12-1 Vffy 
Veoraan, 14-1 AtoegMy Zew. • 

{E11,49fe3ni 1i8yd)(6) 




Tyrrell land a 



By John Bfansdn 

The Tyrrell grand prix team’s 
long search for a mjw 
sponsor has ended wifofoe 
mnouncement that Data 
General Corporation, a 
multinational .supplier ot 

computer equipment, 

entered into a one-year agree- 
ment with the team. 



seen shortly m — • , 

lion of the team s_ 1986 ar» 


of the season^n 
Brazil at the end of March. 


Brondle’s Pfrtnff 

vtsrt**!! s-yfy? 

on the 

Ken * ^ - h : c 

would be spon- 

team securing ^^General, 


All Blacks 
for France 

H4-1M BURROUGH HU LAD {00)(BF«R Rfley) 

Mrs J Picnan 1 0 1 2 0 P _ . . 

3-12111 B UN AW SBtejg U McCartw) J Sprarfno 8 If 2BWry 
112-321 WBTBta SLHCerfCHS SafcSito YFdnMr 10 1W3H Davies 
21WW! RAINBOW WARRIOR (M Me**)JiC*v*&*m frrtS 10 9 

A Turner 10 10 7_ Steve Knight 

10F-O13 MAORI VENTIMC (H J 4oeR A Tume* 

3-P9PB2 GOt.DPN TV (VHB) Q V ftl « 18 7. 

2-1 Run And SMb. 52 Burrough HB Lad. 10030 Western Surert, 
•8-1 RaHnw Wsnlor. 10-1 MaorTVerture. 33-1 fioiddn Ty. 

Paris (Reuter) - The New 
Zealand AD Blacks will play 
eight matches, including two 
international, on a RnGby 
Union tour of:ftance m 
October and November, the 
French Rugby Federation 
said yesterday. 

The tour opens in Stras- 
bourg on October 22. The AD 
Blacks will play France on 
November 8 in Toulouse and 
November 1 5 m Nantes. 

S5S,. i) La Bocfa fc_ .v F rnnA 
15 NsAes tv Fkw* 

3jOO OTELEY HURDLE ( £5 ,3322m) p) 
A m \ 1/91811 - 




111fl/0 SABM DU 

TSttBS VI 0- — ssSd 

J 5 KMa 8 II O ; O UeCourt 

w) W Wharton 8 11 0 P Tuck 

(W ~ 

^ Ofaehrtson7lOlOP 

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‘ ‘ J OM 8 10 7 

(DXB KSpririck) O MmarOraUb 7 10 7 

15-8 Sm You Then, 3-1 A tor. 13-2 Tom Sleep, 8-1 BronsU. 1M Satin Do Lofr. 12-1 
Oroa. 14-1 Ararat*!, 20-1 Otore. 

3J5 SCILLY ISLES NOVICE CHASE( E7,68fo2m 18 yd)(8) 

1100-11 Beam <N Mb) N Cimelee 7 11 10 0 Browne 

Pimu DESSIT OBCHO (MW (R ^g^ 7 ^ KBram 

»QP4 ALLTBi 0LAZB) Mrs W WflddNO M NeuQMon 9 11 5, 

311000 BOB TISDALLfK Ai-SoJd) J Edwards 7 11 5- — 

Rimr rr wraoeg r pamtne fl ii 5— Da 

Graham’s rivals 

Die bout between Steve 
Johnson, the Liverpool 
middleweight, and the 
Yoricshireman Brian Ander- 
son at Sheffield City Hatt on 
Wednesday has^bera'^ ( 
oanized as an omcol enmi- l 
SoTfor Hero! Giafianfs. 1 
British .'tide- Graham. » 
scheduled to meet :Aynb 

Kalnle, of Denmark, for the 
European' tide ■ on the-. sana 
bilL » 

Silent Milan 

■ Berne (Reuter) - AG Milan 
; w fll have 'been ordered- to 
pfay ihrir next UEFA Cup 
match behind closed doors 
following crowd; trotfoie forr- 
i^foeir lie against Wartsem 

24330-3 CHEBCT 

4000-03 OALBURV (H SnoU A 

8 11 5- 

Dfli V WBams 
■G Moore 

7^4 ON Deeert Oreftkt 4-1 Barita. S-1 ABteo Qteed. 12-1 BoD DedM, 20-1 Chert? 
RqpaR. ONfauy- 

A05 RIPLEY NOVICE HURDLE ( 4Y(fc£2,7052m)(21) 

I BOY 09 pfc* S_Hafgo-Aimin) P MBdieO 11 2A OiSMnodr 
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131830 BUJMimr 
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B Stevens 10 12 



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0 owars n«DE (Ventura ChBRical 

A JtoJgrtcA 

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Stem id 12 

10 12 — P Scudamore 

J T Safari 10 12 R Row 

0 12 








lows m . 

W SWUF (J »tl)> 

- PADOYC wP fS ^ 

W Wharton 10 12 


J A OU 10 8 

N j Hendereon 10 8 
A Moore 10 B : 

(T. Pawtt) J 0 Davies 10 B 

ion 108 

J D Dnvfas 10 8 


G Moore 

Q00Q0P TROP ICAL IB BT (Martyr, Meade) A B 

F00- lETOWORTH (C DriscoB H OitoB ! 

413624 SOUTAHK) (Q (P Coe»5) B Preece 












SELLING HANDICAP HURDLE 2m6f (22 reamers) 
A Barrow 8-11-11 .8 Pm«a 

- 5-11-7 : 


082-00 HOT BE TTY' Jmuf P Blrter 6-11-1 M Furimg 

OF-OOOI ESKHt HOUSE fP NawrtQ D Tucker S-1^12 . 

11K33P CHATTY CHEZ {J ReMaw to J *rtt>e w a 8 5-10-11 _S Ke tUewe* 

6M T Befley 5-10-10 IA BDowBna 7_ 

IT (BF) (F HoSa) F HoBb 6-10-10 OeonjeTCnJgK 

PbUs) R Parian* 6-100 

TANGIBLE (T Chan tie*) M Pipe 5-10-7. 


315 CREDIT CALL CUP (HUNTERS’ CHASE) (Amateurs: 3m 2f) 

F12-610- SPARTAN RAMBLER fQ (K Hrtsbrt K Hutsby 9-12-10 

PP1/310- VILLAGE MARK (C] (dSn! Cann) G Cam 12-12-10 

BRKarr TIGER tk ManWn) K Manrtrig 7-12-0 

CAVALRYMAN <M Ftook) H Hook 10-12-0 ... • 

DART OVER <P Pocock) P PDCOCk 10-124) M<SS L POCOCfc 7 
GAER (E Rowto) E Royds 7-124) Mss G Armttage 7 

20PZ02- HANDY MARK <b Edctey) R EcUey 12-12-0 P — 

42F432- LOMBARDY STAR (D Brown) D Brown 9-12-0 A 

AAR p Pi 

SLE (V Ct 


00000 LOG CA8M 


J Jenkins 6-108. 

5-108 Diana Ctoy 7. 

STAR <M Kartoo) G Mndarsley 4-108 

mow Av5^a> ( j3s S G J nSnrt a aip 



















MOODY BBOOKJM Wtaod) M Wood 9-12-0 

2083 OUTSK^^H 

00020/3- TIE RAMBLM MAN (J Eaton) J Eaton 7-12-0 — 
WOOD BY WOOD fC Bravery) C Bravery 8-12-0- 

DS. MAR (N Thick) N Duck 7-11-8 

NATURE WALK M Butter) W Butter 11-11-8 

tS Catvert) S Ctevert 7-11-9 



90000B SOUTAMEtoj 

430FP fi- PRECIOUS SUE iS CrtvwU S Calvert 7-11-9 M Watts 7 

9-4 Outside Chance, 3 Spartan Rambtar 9-2 LonOanfy Star. 6 VOaga Mark, 8 
Dart Over. Handy Mark. 12 others. Bankers; 15 


Parry) J Bradtoy 5-108 G Dawas- 

OrtW R Crrthi 6-108 

' B Hicks 8-108. 


3 Eskar House, 118 I Wonder VW»n. 8 Good kwe^tent. 7 Softwio. 8 
SMMecock Star. 10 Ctarty dice, 12 Go Am Go, u Letcthwrm. 16 Hot Baity. 20 
omen. SSnkora: 2. 4, 18, 32 

Stratford selections 

By Mandarin 

1.45 Esker House 2.15 Hiz 2.45 Another City 3.15 Spartan Ram- 
bler 3.45 Merry Jane 4.15 IMPERIAL BID (nap) 

215 AVON NOVICES’ CHASE (2m) (16) 















0-1UP11 BROAD BEAM (I Jenrtnos) Mrs M RfelteB 5-128- 

.. fj( ^. ,, 

022008 AWW NB.. 

400000 CHfflCY neon Sant) W - . . 

00Q2F2 DUNSTALL {J Drewry) B Morgan 9-11-2 
00-0232 MZ (Mrs G McFwxeng I “ 

RM001 HOPE GAP (F HoKS) F wreiwi-* 

000824 SPEWAMO (Lady More) Mr s W Sytew 7-1« 

PFOO-P STABLE LAD 1C Moorewrt J Edwards 7-11-2 

(mi 5S 


S J O'NsB 








108100 WHITER MEASURE (CD) IP Mato) Mrs J Ptonan 6-11-10 M Pitman 

210-400 SOME MACHINE (W CGonron) D Uchoison 7-11-9 

231000 NOBLE MOUNT (D Harper) M Pipe 5-11-2 

32-3114 MERRY JANE (D SootB E H Owen 5-118 K Burts 4 

2230071- STAR OF RELAND (CD) (Mrs R Monte) 6-10-13 — -■ 

011180 CONS PAL (F Ffiuikner) D Wirttla 5-10-5 A CarroO 

148040 WWART (Mrs V Twtar) R Hodges 8-10-4 5 Earle 

-F21F KNIGHTS HEIR (J toss) L Ligt&rown 5-108 

034033 BATON MATCH {BF£0) (CommnatOa Ud) 

r Mrs 4 . . . 

iiflMU. BONO p Mta) p ARnghem B-11-2- 

100F3U SILVER _ _ 

52 120040 WMSKEY EYES fcj (H PWt) S MaOor '5-10-7 G Chedae Jones 

7-4 Mz, 3 Broad Beam. 5 Cheeky Run. 6 WWskay Eyes. 8 SpWam* 10 SHer 
Mute. Hope Gap. is often. BHcere: 15^2 

M (A Hob) M Chapman 6-11-2 

O IMa A Lodge) J Pence 8-10-11 
RUNU McfiSi) T ForstBT MO-11 

M Chapman 6-108 R BaHour 7 
7-4 Merry Jane, 4 Winter Measure, 5 Baton Match, 8 Norte Mont, 10 Star CM 
Intend. Wrat, 14 others 

B ScugM 9-128 Dr G StajgM 7 

Spate] C Spate 10-128 N Smith 7 

Boor 7-128. 















in .'a 
be IC 
nd )ifo 
ice -ebd 
ra- i Sl 
■cd foe! 
e's q pa 
for soul 
ies off 

e a 

a ns 
i of 
r irsi 
». Ii 


mS 1 * 

nelj? ic 
iac° ,ve 
Ir secr 


3 forg 





RUN (J McGrath) T Forster 7-KMI 











W0862 DONEGAL |Mto 

Briggs) G Mchards 7-11-13 

- T Forster 8-118 A Dunwoody 

Chapman MM —ft Balfour 7 

( gL^l 

(p smm m 






1-31211 CRACK A JOKE 




T BB 7-1i 

10-10-10 NO»«MNB1 
R Crank 

8-10-1 R Pusey 

Hteknan 11-108 .J Bryan 

WDER (R . _ ... 

201-1U3 GENPRMQ E JUMTEft (Q (A Career) C Trietfna 8-108 J Suftem 

F43040 CITADEL ROC (Mtes R Dndtoy) J Brartey 11-108 —G Davies 

M Anrther Cfa. 3 Beterow tad. 5 Creek A Jpk#. 8 Ban l«lr, Gernbridfle Jupttr, 
12 GuadN Roc. 16 odr Bsra Boy. BSnkars 21 

















01102F MNATTASH <B Wheatley) M Pea 118 

1 BHPEKAL BTO (F Lae) F Lee 118 — 

3012 TTMBHr TOOL (Mrs H March) Mrs w Sykes 118 _P Warner 
20010 TOPSOtt. (D Wrote) D Wntto 

1100 TAYLORS REN3VA710N (J Ross) L Ughttrown 118 ' 

24 AHTESHIM (Mrs fi Crutcrtey) fl Johnson Houghton 10-10— 

2 BOLUN PALACE (N Westbrook] M H Easurby 10-10. 

MY CHOCOLATE BOY (E Brown) f ' ‘ ' 

NEW FARNBI |J Price) J Price . 

Mrs J Pitman 10-10 M Pttmanl 

24404 RBI BOLT (W E Catetrey) G Ham 10-10 B Povmfl., ... 

SUPRBME CHAHTB1 (Charter Racing Ltd) Mrs J Pttnan 10-101 
43 SWAY (I Chariton) £ Alston 10-10. 

Muhammad MokMen S MeOor 10-10., 

“ Holder 108— 

(S Martti) R Holder 

““ J Crott 1M ' 


04310 OUR CMCKLETTE (Paddy Barrett) B C Morgan 108. 

54 hepatite 8kL 9-2 Timber Tool, 5 Mnanash, 6 Soto Palace. B Artestem, ID Myl 
Chocolate Boy, 12 others 

Results from Sandown 


Barton 52M;2, Remedl Daw (K 

Moonay. 11-4); 5, Hying Wah (M Raman, 

9-1VALSO RAN: 8 Bwralield ftrk | 

12 Pnoce ODeroru Qokien “ 

Com p ton Park. 16 Hi«e Off i 

Saa. 20 Be Prttart Atoays (i„ 

It My Bond, toman Steg, 

a. 25 Dwdy Pbatas Punch 
Star Wbndar, WUar Draoon (SftL 
an toy. Ned Lawtess. fares. NR; 
TfenrtL 6L3.^L5L5L3L J Edwsds at 
Ross oi Wye. TOTt £290721.20. £1 JO, 
£2-ia D ft 2280. CSF: £1IJ7. 

28 (2m4l tort di}1, NUDGE NUDGE 

wamtLB-ic 3, Qsnscs tc cox, o-il 
Also RAlf 4 tav ftsheps YteffidV 

The Thatcber ^^Araprtxj Pmn^xd. 

7 T h ornftnM. 20 Msof Less 
Late Nlrte Extra 33 H faHsi d 
Drake: fiF m IS. 2KL 3L 15L20L S 
at LamboumTote: 380; £2.10. 

nsa ni o. dp. £12211 css easm. 

Uncase £18784. 

230 On llftfd CM 1. PAULATIM (S 
Smith Beam, Z Dfttoer(G Charfas 
Jones. lt>l): 3. A taft (G Moore8-2) 
3. ALSO RAN: 38 far The CatchpooKA. 

9-2 Indtm Dare. 10 Ftoharfeart 12 I 

•Klha SunEan Road. 10L 5L a. 4L nk. 

O Shameod a Lanftotaa Tote: £430; 

£180. £180, £88D DR £11.30. CSR 

£49 £0, 

335 tan 18yd C&) 1. PADDVBORO (R 
Rowe. W fay* 2. The Reject (B da 
Heart. 9-1t 4 Jte Cote m bo (P Warren, 7- 
2L ALSO RAN; 5 FreqM Fonorder «hL 
tope o( Ortt um. The Footteraner 
10 ToMeafehach. 7 ren. NR^pmning 

sttLiKL a. a. a. ia j cakm m 

Fata TMfc £3Sft SZ20. £2 30. D R 
Elisa CSR Q&36. 

485 Cm hdte)1. GOWIY ONE SHK 
(J J (ritoB. Evens fad; 2. Mr Key (A 
Wfettx 11 -ft a tote (R tom, 5-ft 
ALSO RAN: 8 Brttyknowtt 
hnpteaton (5tw. 5 ran 8,8. la, 2QL R 
Abn at St toswefis. TOTE: £130; £130, 
£1Sa DR £230. CSR ELSO. 

Matt Murphy for repeat 

The point-to-point season 

opens tomorrow with meet- 
ings at Higham and 
Tweseldown. The first race 
cm the Hampshire course, 
where the Staff College and 
RMA Sandhurst Draghunt 
hold their meeting, has a new 
start time of 1 1.30 as the 107 

entries for the mixed open 

have caused it to be split into 

four divisions. 

Tourti (Hffl, 16 ftfandhr Henry I 
tee) YecnSn (599. 25 Blade Earl 

-G Moore 

j J S Ktog 10 8. 

0 T1BKKALA STAR (C Cory) A VocTCpuy lO 7- 

R Rowtol 

7-2 Brunico, 4-1 Axrttol.5-1 Mdkflng touk«4, 7-1 H Grtfao, 5-1 Goodman Point. 

' Boy. 1** Hrwrt, 20-1 

10-1 AgretoigW. 12-1 BHon 
.18, . - 

I rthtes.M 

! 7, 14. 

33 DrtM Easy (pu). 11 ran. M. 1 . 

12L 3L N Hendereon at t m n to ft w 

£5 SO; Eljo. £280. £1.70. DR296J0. 
CSR £60.83. Tricast £27 3.40 
38S foa hde) 1. 0PPS2AN (S 
SharenodL 7-& Z SnmM Danny (G 
Moore. 12-1); 3. to—nfnm ^ Bro wne, 

20-1). ALSO RAN: 6^ bv 

fa). 10 Mat OOcar. 12 Rtoa^An ton. 16 


Picks Place 5 ii 0 (5ft). 

•- 2Q 


Namom — . _ 

total. Sam'* Nrtghb«r. 33 to Of A 


Crous^tw- R9 of Dreams, 
Lgngyq, Marctwrt. IB ran. 

Wetherby off 

Today’s meeting at 
Wetherby was abandoned 
due £o a waterlogged course: 

No problems are expected at 

Stratford, prospects are also 
for foe meeting in 
refend at Fairy house where 
no inspection is planned. 

• Ladbrokes report heavy 
support for West Tip and 
Greasepaint for the Grand 
National. They have laid 
both to lose £50,000 at odds 
of 20-1 and 25-1 respectively. 
West Tip is now joint 
favourite for foe big race 

With foe Audi adjacems 
hunts qualifier also in two 

pans, nine races are on foe 

cards and these will be nut at 
35 minute intervals. 

Tim Thomson Jones rode 
Matt Murphy to win last 
year's qualifier and could 
repeat that performance again 
in division one while foe 
1985 Grand Marnier cham- 
pion, Brigadier Mouse, is foe 
one they all have to beat in 
foe other. 

Dawn Street was another 
winner here at last year’s 
opening meeting and, to- 

gether with Romulex, could 
provide Alison Dare with a 
double in foe first of the two 
opens. White Paper, with 
Teresa Webber aboard, looks 
to be a safe bet in third but 
the remaining division is 
wide open. U* 

Book of Proverbs couldla 
lose his maiden certificate 
here, while for those with foe^ 
stamina to remain for the: 
ninth race, the ex Fred 
Winter chaser Emperor 
Charles, could score on his 
pointing debut 

Another with useful form 
under Rules is Mint Streak, 
entered for foe Land Rover 
qualifying open race at the 
North Norfolk. He could b&w« 

opposed by David Turner's. J 

new acquisition. Golden Bri- Jn 
gade, from Jim Old’s stable^ ■ 

Jenny Pidgeon has the 
choice of rides on her fathers 
horses at both meetings^. 

TODAY* WEfiNGS; North Nor ' 
tok[i240). 81 Hfawn. nosr Colchester 
Staff ColMs mcRMA DragfTusfn.30} 
ft Twesettown, neer AtoerahoL 



ersonal column 

•ai M MCMMHAM £440 ■ 
1m - 19*b VAT. 

■minimum 3 hm-M 

Announri>nvflK julhrnli 
fill^ bi rtir rump ai-1 

P^rnuncnl address ,*f !»<• 
sender. mjv wni to 

K> Bat 4S4 
VirsiWa SlrMf 
London Cl 

or inrpnonca m IWplwnr 
sijuscTiihts isflli'i Id 01 481 

AnncurWfnu'nli pjn l*r rn. 
rmrd Hi l ■'tr'pnrrir btHuim 
“ OOarci and 5 SOpm Von 
M Iff Frill) . on 
brlun-n »63dm aria 
l^n vn. .-Ifll 4000 null . 
Far ouhiii jnon I ho folHjwina 
dji, phono hy l 30wn 
MtEKMMU. rlr on Court and P.iar. £& a Hno - 15V 

Ccun jnJ Social Poor an 
nnunrrmrnli can nol bo 
urct pb-a by li'U-obaiw En 
oniric* ro 01 JHI jioO 
Mail other riamsjii.Hj ikUpp 

inrmpnii run l>‘ dirpurrO bi 

irirphanr Thr aoaddno r. 

5 fOom c ij.ij * prior la punh 
,-ation nr % 'Xmm Monday 
(or u'rdiKulJi > Should I ou 
ihh |o u-nd an ddidflOff 
iwnl in v, riling pb-avr 
include i our djrnmc phene 


BARTON On 3Jrd January lo 
Carniinn im- Pebimorn and 
Charles. a dauaftivr Alexandra 

BLACKBURN On January 2° In 
Janr me* 4ddnrl-k > and 
heniiem. I'nn duuinien 
CHESSER on January 50 1986 
.14 Los, i Jiam Luo 
■ mv Ccaotni ana Colin a da un fi- 
ler halhoriuo Etvabofn 
EDWARDS On January- 20m ic 
Poxdlm.r >nm and 
Poor a dauqwrr. 4lifo Heir 
KENNEDY - cn 2~ January at 
Poole Hcmlal ic Jane 
djlli and Rrujonry inptcL* a 
daughters oM a son 
LOBEL - on January 37. 1986. lo 
lltyon in.s' Brown’ and Nor 
man. a nauunier a miner lor 

LAWRENCE - a memorial wryio- 
w ill br held lor Mr Brian law 
Fence. Drpuiv Manavno 
Pirerlnr ol Time* New spjpers. 
al •>! Bndei. Fieri SUM on 
Vvrdnrsaav Tblh Febuarv al 
12 |>J noon Cherjuei lor Can 
rrr Hcwarrh Campaign c o 
Bed Lion Farm. The Green. 
Sarreti. Herts 

NEWBfCIN - on Mn Jarman . 
I°86. lo Deborah inov- GofcJeni 
and Michael a son (Joseph 

RICHARDSON Chi 2«h January 
re C.iiherine tNeo Simroxi and 
Andrew ,i daughter Amy 
RUSSELL - On January ZB al Ihe 
Pori land H.-nnnai lo Inn- .nee 
Je Jaorn and Nigel, a daughter 
Bianca Vanessa 


flats hare 



BARRIE i nee Oybomoi. on Janu 
arv Stott, |98o. al home. Ann 
Maw. .igeo 4e yean ol 
Baleiwrii Learn iwo dauoh- 
lerw. .Amanda and Laura 
Sen ire al Bamlord Parrth 
Church on Monday February 
5r<1 al IO 50am No flowery 
Dlra*e Donation* a desired /or 
cnnhire Homey r n j Vv A J 
Mel lam. Mill Sirecl. Bake well 
Tel Bakewell 21 la 

BENNETT - on January Zblh 
198©. Dr ANC Bennett. be 
loved husband ol Ihe lafe 
Dorothy, lamer of Christopher 
and Niehouty. Cremalion look 
place on 51st January al 
LandKan. U rrral Donation* lo 
Canter Revoch please no 
flowers Enauine* 10 Quinns-. 
OS I -625 52? 4 

BUTTERY Gwen on January 
5WI» 11B© much rnrmhed at 
Leolyn SI Leonards on Sea An • 
eyet ulivesrcrelary of Ihe Inler 
nalional Council of Nurses (or 
IS years Loved friend oi ins 
Marwick. Mar tone Yvenoer ide- 
i-asedi. Bulh Wofford. 6 
Harons Field Hc4her«e<1. Nor 
ivicfiand her family inS Alnra 
Cremalion Hash nos crematory 
urn Thursday February ©ih al 
2 00 pm Please no dowers nul 
if d.Aired «i|s toSf PauK Herne 
Hill Restoration Fund Sen ire 
of IfiankMurinaal Si Pauls Her 
nr Hill SE24 Thurslav 
February I3lh al 2 00 pm 

*m BOARD • on January ZTh. las. aood 24. dearly loied 
s-m ol Mar> and Bob. .iim 
bro4fier of Louise Funeral 
Monday February 3rd. 2pm al 
Henley-on -Thames DOnalloiM 
it dr^red lo National Schuo- 
pnrema Fellowship. 

BE LA COUR VLB On Z9lh Janu 
arv J-9S6 suddenly al home 
Feler of Court Place 
Madrbndoe taamwall Oevoi 
ed husband of Janet 

OREWC on January zah 1 98b. 
Geoffrev Gr.djfiam c I E 
C B E late ICS. aoed BI 
sear*, beloved husband of 
Chnslme and much loved la 
(her and orandlalhee 
Cremailon on Saturday Feoru 
•*rv IN al Bournemouth 
Crematorium al 10 isam F.n 
uiiirim ana now ers lo Head and 
Whetde. I A Oxford Road. 
Bnuntemoulh Tel 21190 

EDCN ■ on January J2nd peafr 

I Uhl al hffiei- in niv BJCd I.MI. 
Bnoadier Cmiw* Vs >11 rid L4ni 
CRC i lair Green Howarof”. 
son CA llw tale LI Col. J H Eden 
and Lady Florenre Eden hr 
Ini erf husband of Peoqy .mil 
drarlv lo\ nl father ot John ,iM 
Philippa. Miner in Mw or Sh’ 
pneu and grauduincT ol 
CalfhTiiH- and Thro l iiiieral .11 
Si Candida .ind ine Holy- Cross 
Whilt tum-n vT-anomr Mum Den 
se( on Monday F.tmiarv Sra al 
2pm Ciwiniliiw 111 Jonn Vleel a 
Smi cn.-sii House, winrnrsier 

EDWARDS On 29 January 
IOd© Coiraanrn Amy FjJ 
wards, oi Vy ilofWTn \nd-v . r. 
a«ecl 143 1 ears dauohiei oi J-ilui 
Mrr.idv. an widow el Janw— T 
Edwards, and mother id Mi 
m.ii-1 and Ouhih 
pen -He No powers A Memon 
J Sen ire will be held later 
ENSUSN on 2Vh January 1986 
»*m Muriel pearmully al 
home .Uler a short nines- . egrd 
jo Murh inied mo I her and 
or. 1 1 irlmol her r ill ter. I / al SI 
Pi-in "s iv. svenden. al 5 15pm 
on Tuesday Jin renruary. (ol 
lo'-rd by nrnale .remahon 
Flowers io Jofin Period- and 
Sen Bcrtiey- nr (Jye Suwi 
Hugh Died 28U1 January 1 986 
Funeral 2-30 Saturday Is! Feb- 
nury al SI Mary "s Oiurcn 

GLENNIE on January 2T1h 
P.-.U efulij . GwnndiMine Maroa 
r-' I he loved widow of Irv me 
Gi'i don. and moih-r of Da-, id 
and Joe*. 

GUEST on January 2Blh 108© 
peacefully ai SI Chnslooher's 
Hoscni e. Sydenham Chnslian 

Forro-s Oursi. in her 95lh vivir 
widow or Or II Marmaduty' 
Gu-sl and dr any loved mother 
of Ivor and Micnoel Funeral 
Servireai SI Giorge s Chureh. 
Birklev Parle Rood. FUrtley 
Krm. al flam on Monday Feb 
niary Srrt. I ul lowed by 
cremalion al Berkenlum Crr 
maionum al 12 2a«m Flowers 

by 9 30am to Mannenngs Fu 
neral S'ryi.e* J6 win more 
Road Bromley Kent 
HEWER . on January zaih 1986 
with Chnsi Chrisiopner Lana 
ion M r r. p Hoii 

F F ARCS jgrd 89 v rats 
Pear,. lulls al W Inscomtw Hall 
Nursmn Home Nr Brpaol De 
voted husband or ihe lair 
Phnebe iNee Oiampnek • and 
dearly loved (affier and grand 
faifwr For many Cooauliam 
tn.iesJhelisi lo SI 

Barlhofoniew-s Hosmlal Lon 
don Funeral very ire al SI 
Marvlehone Cemetari- Chapel 
Cast End Rd London N2 on 
M-widaV February 5 al 1pm 
Please no Rowers donations ■( 
disired lo The Baris Hi-niaor. 
-Ipb-al r o O-rerjl .XLinaqer 
Si Bartholomew -y Hovoilal 

HOLMAN on January 291 h 
19db Ros Leslie Hdlman 
■R L H > Cc-nsuli.nil 

Haemaloloaisi. Ratal L'nileo 
Hnspiiai. Ralh. nearer ulli al 
home after a long ilinev. .out a 
ge.iu.sty b:ane. beloi-d husband 
ol Bar dearly- Nurd (airier of 
Sun Rov Carolyn. Dai nl and 
Peier and d-ar grandfJIlier -if 
Joanna Funeral Service si 
John's. Lower wesum Ann on 
Thursday February ©ih al 
l 3C>pm followed by cremalion 
al Harroinbe Cr-maionum Do- 
nations may be venl to Rov 
Hnlman Memorial Fund, r o 
FiuanreD-pi Royal Lmled He* 
Pifal Balh. or if preferred rul 
ito-vers may he yerl In Jolly s 
F □. 13. MiIhki SI reel. Balh 
HOWE ■ on ZJrd January . in Him 
mial i^armarlhen. Jonn PS. 
aoed ©5. of Parmu. Crnanh. 
New raslle Emlvn. Dried D-ar 
Ik loved hiabandand lalher No 
■lowers, donalionv lo Marie Cu 
ne Foundalinn 

HU GK- JONES, .it January ZRIh, 

IB Ihe romforf of Churrhiii 
Vs U4. St Albans Dr Denise 
Huoh-Janvs inee Hum of 
Redhoum. Herts beloved wile 
"1 Kenneth and murh loved 
mother of Simon. Geanje. fvaly. 
and Sarah Affeclionalelv 
known an Mills Funeral ser 
vice al SI John FKhcr R C 
Church. Reuoourn. on Tfiury 
oar oih February ai iZoo 
noon Family flowers only Do- 
naiions if desired may be sent io 
Dr Denise Hull's Inin lund (or 
Handicapped Cnildren Acrounl 
no 430191109182989 c o Div- 
mil Treasurer Norm ksesi 
Herts Health Auinuniy. SI At 
bans Enuuines lot Seymour A 
ami Lid. 2o Marlborough Rfl. Si 
Albans 33091 


HATTON on Jon 28 In HoMrtlal 
jge.1 67 years CRCSTOPHER 
FRIGS Of firewood, staffs 
La'r The Royal Enginye-m 
•i^annoch Squadron I Former 
Partner Ouncalfc Halion A 
Gardner ivsofyerhampioni 
Husband of Jean land formerly 
oi lale wife joani and fOUicr of 
JUI. Jane and ChnNopher Fu 
neral firewood Pamh Churm 
Monday Feb 3 ai I 45 p m No 
flowers but donations t< desired 
lo Ihe Bums Lnll. (hmunaham 
Acridenl HospiUl. Balh Rood. 
Birmingham Bis iNa or r a 
Wry Prep Ridyord. Parish 
Ctiucch. Brewooa 

BEARDS On 28lh January 1 986 
aged 72 yrs Leslie, befoien 
nusbano of Dora, and fa 
Iher of jark. Chrnoie and 
Minty. Regulem moss al Green 
Srnool Lane Roman Calhoiie 
Church. FarnboroLgh. Hamp 
shire on Tuesday 4fh February 
al if 45 am Donations lo 
Fambnrough and Cove War 
Memorial Tnrcl Enquiries lo E 
Finch A Sons Lid. 0232 22281 

SALMON on January sou, i<S8o 
Ail— en Eliabrfh inee Belly 
Canaoanv peacefully a( 
rar ntiam Awe TO years Wile 
of fur lale Jar*, rvilmon Tuner ■ 
ill prl' ale Nd tellers or flowers 


FANTMB . on January 79lh 
»*«». pe.ieefuili « a Bourne- 

mouth Ntirsiitq Home, a^sd B9 
v pits Hilda Mj, iQ.ui-1 wifeoi 
the late 1.1 Cot Hugh Alan 
Pauling M C. oaccvd grand 
mother and molher-tn law 
Funeral Semre to be held al 
Bmiriiemnuiti Cremaiorium on 
w -Unesday February 5(h at 
2 JOpm Floral iril«iles lo J J 
Alinn Funeral Drrerior Sey- 
mour Road, vsesibourne 
RUFFE -THOMAS on Januarv 

25(h 1986 alh-r a snort Illness. 
M.IH.-I -Buiiei ,-med 84 v ears or 
ket Bay. Dorset Dearly loiea 
aunt ol Sdiiid Tom Jane. 
Pauline ana Robert Funeral al 
S. John's Church Mrsi Bay 
on 3rd FeOruark al 
I Oam lolknvni hi .^errumon al 
VeimadltL Flowers to AJ 
Ts Aril a Sons. Boflporf 

arv 23 in boulhamplnr. H.srotd 
Cr.-wioru Jones 
F C A aged «| I armor Bursar 
or SI Bee's Scrvol. Cumber-fond 
and Trrru Col lone Ncaiinonani. 
rkn-M son of live laic Bishop Of 
Hulnn- and Mrs T Sherwood 
Janes Lining and mum fmed 
bmiher of Margot Houlaen 
Muriel Gowtng and Norman 
■disi-asedi 'A man without 
Guile' Donations if desired tq 
Help The Aged, c d John Steel 
A Son Chrsil House. Vsinrhes 
ler. ph 63195. la whom 
enquiries and letters should also 
be addressed. 

VAN DER BEUCEL on 29th Jan 
nary 1986 suddenly but 
P-acefuDy Theo Max. aged 39. 
Husband of Myrna. and Father 
oi Michael Jacob and Nina A 
Memorial function will be held 
in London at a dale lo or on- 
iK-unced in due course 
WETMORE ■ Robert P P S I A D 
On January 22nd at Wrvlmm- 
sl.T HosiHlal. London alter a 
short illness Bekned husband 
0> Margery and h>i ing father of 
Maiuiew and Daniel A lamtiy 
funeral has been held in Sut 
imk A memonai sen ICC will be 
held in London 

WIELD Or January 25cd \9f>6. 
suddenly Michael Wield of B6 
Hot tana Park. London Wll A 
pnv ale lamtiy (uneral win be 
followed oy a memorial service 
in London on a dale la br 

WOOD on January 281h. Anlho 
ny Crompton Wood peacefully 
in Fenny Compton, aged 83 

years. Funeral Senirr al Asoii 
Dasseti Cnurrh on Monday Feb 
man 3rd af 10 30 am followed 
hy serticv-ui Oakley WoodCre 
malbnum Warwick at 11.30 

WOOLLEY on January 27tn. 
B— eremi Allred Russell much 
toieri mrJsand tatn-r and 
ar.indiather Funeral on Mon 
dav 3rfl F enruary al l 30nm al 
O-dinginarpe Enquiries please 
la Brown A F-nn Funeral Di- 
rer for*. Sudbury 


HARROW l qutei pnmott M shore 
toy civ emnioilaMr house own 
loroe room & full use of house 
LlBC- per month Tel Ol 909 

FLATMATES ftelellie Sharing 
Well (Alan inirwiucidTV service. 
Pis- tel for dpn. 01 -589 5401. 
3i? fir mum on Road su; 
HWa o rm jubilee line buses 
Share orM gem Suit resmiBii 
Me prof rernale. Ol -430 5 777 
WEST HAM5TCAD kniinb prof F 
n < io share Igc Iff’ CH (lal with 
2 mates c 1 7<jpm y jut. Tct. a~i& 
-4571 oner 4pm 

ES Garden Hal Prof mi 2 
roams Own room Cl 40 pem 
earn Tel O! 98o 0938 
SWU Lively Grad 24* X pry 
nice Ine O R £140 prm 01 
946 0b6? after 7 pm 
Sw 1 prof perynn. non-smoker, 
own room in c n nil C21S 
prm mrl TM 730 1002 u-in 
5W5 dole rm m alUsirme newly 
cony garden (lal. rtose Id lube 
Of CBO pw Ol 244 8074 




Newly decora led and retiir. 
btvhed Oth door an), 
comprises reerpoon dm ing 
fm. Kitchen, double l 
room. single bedroom. 

bathroom clank mown, go- 
rage space. £210 P.W io me 
C.M GH w nils, pen Wage. 

OT. KMBtt wood KW*. 
Handsome wen dcconlgd 2 
storey Georgian lownhouee 
wfth prefly patio, l 2 double 
reccoUons. kftchan. 2 3 dou- 
ble bedr oom *, bathroom, 
ctoakroom. utility room. 
ptoyTooam. polio £460 p.w. 

wMgm a 

cn**6*ihm RsKuik JB 

CHELSEA, h nlghlsbridon ficlqra 
via. Pimlira. Wesimuwlrr 
luvury houses and llais avail 
able lot long or short lets 
Please ring (or current led 
Choirs o9 Burl ingham palace 
Road. SWi 0I-8Z8 8251. 

CHELSEA, K'nighlsondqe. Belgra- 
vta. Pimlico. W«-4 minster 
Luxury- houses and flats avail 
able lor fonq or short lets 
Please ring ror nirrenl lal 
Codes 64 Buckingham palace 
Road. SWI 01-828 8251. 


avail £ read (or diplomats, ex 
ceullves Long a uibr i Iwla In all 
areas LlPfriend 6 Co . 48 
Albemurie SI. Wl 499 5334 



Taonnina is known all over Ifie world for its beautiful 
scenery, superb beaches, historic sites such as the 
Greek and Roman theatres, Corvaja Palace and 13th 
century Cathedral. 

Fran Taormina, you can make interesting excursions 
to Mount Etna, Messina and (he Aeolian Islaids. 

We offer you personally inspected accomnwdatior of 
a high standard in luxury hotels to pensions, aH 
members of the CATA Hotel Association. Prices per 
night from £8 (B&B). from £13 (Half-Board), from El 8 
(Full Board). 

Direct tfigbts to Catania with onward transfer to 
Taormina (Sunday, Tuesday & Thursday - starting 
Feb. 16th) from £135 return. 

For brochure, information and reservations contacl - 



9 Reece Men, London SW7 3HE 
Tel: 01-504 2841 (Z4 ft) and 01 -584 7B20 


We specialise in idle 

holidays on Corfu and 
Paxas- and have o elect- 
ed a quality range of 
beach villas, secluded 
cottages m OWve grove 
and hideaways tor two 
dose to some or the fin- 
est beaches on the 
island - the perfect 
backdrop for a relaxing 

Corfu A* ta Carte 
(0635) 30621/35434. 
ATOL 1579. 

Law Report February 1 1986 

Inspections not 
required by 
duty of care 


Please send me the Taormina broduire - 

Ski Biadon Lines 



AJulh £249 Children £149 
SAVE £213 ■ 

Tel: Of-785 2200 

WiLBn L 18422} 7812] 

ABT A ATOL 1232 



ST | 

WYATT In remembraiwr of my 
lalhrr IIMMV. died m Frtjru 
arv 1985. and of itiv mouwr 
LESLIE, wild toVf JLTJI 
STAFFORD GUh>-nnF. 2nd Fro 
nun 1064. ry moving. 
ryi>ngird. Frank 
SCNTA MARNAU - on tmy your 
birihdav Jh<- vingfo vrvni or 



LE MIRADOR HofcH A Country 
Club. Monl Prt«rin \mpy 
Lake Crnnd. Switzerland 
Many- prominenl paaplr reuov 
requJarly Ihe luxury df fhry 5 
Star mlaMKhmonl with ■by 
gnurmoi rui-one. unlouo wi-ighi 
!»« arvl rnvilalvyalldn pro 
grammi> hasud on irv Cjmbuiai 
rfflaxalion itchnlaur Sparry 
CcnlrN 2 vw naming pooH uu 
na wnul pool. Irnnui. 
cooler rocT (acuiiirv For fun in- 
lormafion arid mmiHom - 
Erna Low Convullanlv 9 Kiwi 
M r w». London SW7 SHE TH 
01 584 2841 i24 mi Ol 504 


23«1 BvnlWay lot February 
Love Mum and Dad 


hW YOUR ROUTE -Aorf llw rv 
Filing warcti for your Anrpylan 
wnd for fre» brochure and do. 
laib of easy monlhly rrr ms 
Windvor AncrUry Rryrarcn 
ITT OJiFrwW 9T5 Win«Lw>r. 
Berks SLJ 2BR. Tr| (0?S3i 


roll 19b & prgrylal oryvy. book 
Casey. 1 4b In. chairs. Irg 

wardrobes, rhesls nnuin ric 
01 585 0148 or Ol 228 2716 


Magrufireni lirsi floor flaL nrig- Georgian drawing room 
with balcony yourit fa,snq over 
gardens 2 Neds 2 balm, qum 
cfoakrm. kii. dining room, un- 
furnished exr rpls A dm 
Co Cinlucffv In only £350 pw 
inr CH A CHW Mr James Of 
nee 01 588 1049 Weekend* 


Living during room 

dressing bed room, kuenen. 
balh i>r Large irrrare pan 
oromir view roily furnished, 
limned tale lei Ol -628 6520 
CHEUCA Knkjhlsbndge Belgra. 
v la Pimlico w'estimmier 
Luxury houses and rials avail- 
able for long or short hH pfeov 
ring for rurrenl lal Coofrs 69 
Buckingham Palace road. SWI 
Ol 828 8251 

renovated seH<oniwned. open 
plan, i bedroom, garden level 
Ra< for single person £llOpw 

Tel ephon e 794 3638 evenlmn 
HAMPSTEAD Redurgion rd 

NWS Furn da 1 2 dbie.l yqf 
bens, owe nrp V.b.cIv.CH lyc 
min Family only £250 pw Ol - 
794 1615 

PUTNEY Nr Barnes Common 
• W Loo 16 mmyi PVeasanl 
ymali fiat. \ bedim Filling area, 
kii bain, healing. Co let OI 87B 
6148 0258 857200. 

ST. tOtOa WOOD . 4U1 floor OM 
near Primrose HiU Regent* 
Park 2 bed. men. Wl. balh gas 
CH CO lei £200 pw Tel OI ra2 

SWI* Close dapnom Junction 
Pro! m 1 Non xmoker share 
houxe Own room. £220 ncm 
■* Rhig 01 223 3342 
afier 6 ispm 

SWS. Furnished garden rial 2 
iieov. iKtrp. knehen & bath- 
room, go* nr. parking, nr 
bin luce avail 4 8 mom ns 

Cl 65 p.w Tel 731 »47 2 
HAMPSTEAD Redlngton Rd NVv 3 
Furn Flat. 2 dWe I vgle bednns. 
dble rerp. rti I yr min Family 
only C225 pw. OI-794-161S 
KEN&MGTON W*. charming 
Town House. £375 pw. or of 
lem. for quick let. Tef Ol 727 


BATSWATEJt Lov ely romforr- 
able 1 bed flal £1 50 per week 
OI 909 3683 

PUTNEY Spacious (op floor rurn 
flal in privaie house 1 bed £85 
pw 01 788 851 5 

vires com pal dive pnrn from 
Ancona or Burl or Corfu or 
toovimennsa or Patras Ala a 
from GREECE lo CYPRUS and 
let: 01-642 7002. 

TU8CAHMY Nr Luroa. beautifully 
converted large property, pan- 
oramic views, an amenmes, 

swimming pool, not available 
August. Tel. 01-624 1036 or 
01-435 8796. 

TkUuoFE Orrek Wands. Algor 
ve. Menorca. vHlas. apartmenh. 
"Wfw™. lavemaa. holklay* 
™ fnono summer winier 
®rbeitur«. bookings only direct 
°* Sbedoasts Venim 

aSS"™? 1 ,0, ‘ 360 ,3 “ 



Choice ex cel lent vlliay with 
awn pool* Palmer A Parker 
Ol 493 5725 



Lillie Greek collage* on uj 
Peru land y bay. lund-MckM 
secluded villas and fun beach 
side hunts 


Prtvaie houses in beautiful 
and unusual locations Beam 
side apu with pool and lentils 
Lowest prices, experienced At 
caring service 

Corf mi Hobdays Ltd 
SMUcdi 1 0755 1 48811 124 hrsl 

Palmer and Parker blue book 
Available in AJgarxe. MaroeUa. 
South of France USAandWeu 
Indies. Moil have oof r. an nave 
pci v air pooh and none ore 
cheap. Brochures <049 481 < 


DERBYSHIRE Fully mumped 
houaay couage suuaied in trav- 
el valley. 3 double bedroom * . 
Mrge taupge. fully filled kilrh- 
en. fully rmi rally heated, from 
Aonr onwards From £1006 w . 
Tel 0623 663281 


mg fires, whitewashed wails, 
natural wood and state. Ail mod 
cons. 'Enchanting, relaxed, 
friendly • Big play am, laun- 
dry. ideal for children . pets 
£80. 186 pw Ol 748 7537 

HALFBOARD with French fam- 
ilies lull pus*, lev me?, g; 
Washington SL Brtghion. E 

TUSCANY. Fully eoulp I a rm ■ 
house Sips 6 and Mudto flat yip* 
2 From £75 pw. Ol 249 
0806 01 940 3260 exes 


FI Inti is from most UK airport-. 
Many lale special offer* Folder 
01 471 0047 ATOL 1600 

Ac Visa 

LAHZAROTE. Puerto del Carmen 
apartment, sleeps 4-6. palm 
pool. CISOOOpw 01568 2067 



nr SI Max I me Old stone (arm 
house sleeps 7. swimming pool 
and garden peaceful wrung in 
vineyard Available from 
i^nier £275 per week Further 
defaih idrphoiie 01-722 4910 

SAH..' WINDSURF S Brtlunv hw- 
vlpv 4 2 wk let* 19 7 30 8 
£190205 pw 01 748 6849 




Peaceful, waterside lux villa 
wiih maid rook, sailbaanf. Su 
perb views sip* 6 atoll from 
Easier. Tei-Ol 730 6972 



villa* with pools and staff 
Palmer A Parker ion 493 


Luxury arrom. high uanoord , 
ruKme Fr £100 ppw Ol 289 ; 


March chalet. ■ iMaii. ski 

guWpeic Tel. i24hr*i031 669 


Pec We required Ip romplele pal 
Iv of etghl in Stalled cfuiel far 2 
w eek* from 32 F nb Tel w end 
4 eve* Of . 228 3101 

**U WEST Ski Bargain Hot Line. 
Inslanl stung by air or xteeper 
coach io hoi eta. chaJelx and sed- 
caienng in oil the iop resort*. 

Acceu and Barclay card. 

. KOI 0373 822387. 

ST ANTON. Due lo cancel laiian i 
place led in mixed John Mar- 
tian Chain party, l week from 
16 Feb £300 uvcl full in* Tet 
Nick 0272 741 lOI 1H> or 0272 
743783 iOi 

SHI TRACER Frenrh Alev Tuples 
* La Piagne. All service hols. 
£160 by air £125 by coach 
Ring 01 386 5864 ABTA 


href Facing Pule March 23 50 
01 283 8577 idayi 01-727 4065 
vev «6i. 

SKI LA PLAGNC Studio sips 4. 
Feo -Mar. bargain* a and 15 
Feb £70 itsMi y accom.j 
Lymm 4097 

SKI FLIGHTS dolly to Geneva. 
Zurich. Munich etc. iron* £69 
SU West 0373 822387. 

SKI MOB O Btt great dbcounu 
available for Feb A Mar. Ring 
0691 713520 

SKI (SONUIIBL Mar 16-23. 
Mixed ski party £250. Tef Adri 
an 016 42 4877. 

VERWEH Lux cfialet for B. avan. 
lullv cal rred. near main UR 



TENERIFE. Beach apt. pool. bar. 
*k*ep* 26 Fr £86 pw. 0903 

farmhouse A djorminp period 
cohages to M. au sip 6. Ano 4 
roomed collage- sfcein 2. Sur- 
rounded by may coumryside 
6 min* walk sea. Tel: (09271 

ends. Northumberland. 

Ckmoor. Domt Mendlp*. lakes 
nc Brochure. Foolpom Hell 
days ihfi. 4. Hoily Walk. 
Andover. SPIO 3PJ. 0264 


FiA*quPP»diBd'c a * xv m««ta>igSI) j 
acres of Grounds cfnse lo pie Lakes 
me Dales am ihe coast Hoe racones | 
«duta superb spons conns Re- 
duced pines fa ctwmft end targe 
groups Cotaur Ixndxn bpm- 
Lmde Eca au s. Room 103 
Lanai LAI 4YW 
TK (0524) 66201 (24 hr») 

Mofpui v Blandeii and An- 

Reilly v Bltmden ud Others 
Before Lord Justice Pmrhas 
and Mrs Justice BuUer-Sloss 
(Judgment given January 29] 
Persons managing a 
children's adventure play- 
ground that although officially 
closed had wide open gaves. 
were not liable in damages for 
bums suffered by two very 
young children visiting the 
unsupervised premises. 

Although by leaving the 
premises unsecured and un- 
supervised the defendants were 
in breach of the common duty 
of care imposed on them, it 
was not reasonably foreseeable 
by them that injury would 
result from dangerous objects 
being left in the playground by 
strangers. Moreover the duty of 
care imposed on such persons 
did not require an inspection 
system ro be operated to ensure 
that nothing happened to make 
the premises unsafe. 

The Court of Appeal in 
reserved judgments so held in 
dismissing appeals brought by 
the plaintiffs on behalf of their 
in fern sons. Mathew Morgan 
and Jason Reilly, from the 
decision of Judge Studey at 
Shoreditch County Court in 
favour of the defendants, the 
occupiers and managers of a 
playground at Bingfield Street, 
Islington. London. 

Mr Robert Beecroft for the 
first plaintiff; Miss Bernadette 
M iscainpbcll for the second 
plaintiff: Mr David Friedman 
for the defendants. 

said that in managing the 
playground the defendants pro- 
vided a much needed service in 
"a high stress area with 
juvenile crime where stolen 
cars were frequently aban- 
doned". During opening hours 
they provided supervision so 
that young children could be 
left to play in the care of 

On September 5, 1977, the 
defendants closed the play- 
ground, intending that it be 
secured against trespassers by 
fastening the gates with rope. 

The next evening the plain- 
tiffs. bath then under six. went 
to the playground, found the 
gates wide open and went in. 
They there came across an 
abandoned motor car with 
smouldering rubbish heaped 
against it The car exploded 
and both children were injured. 

Dismissing the plaintiffs' 
claim the judge found the 
defendants "dearly at fault in 
leaving the playground in such 
a state over the Monday and 
Tuesday that children could 
enter and there disport them- 
selves. Had this plaintiff en- 
tered when he did and by 
playing on a slide „ injured 
himself then I can see that 
these defendants would have a 
considerable difficulty in def- 
ending a claim for damages". 

However, in deciding 
whether the defendants should 
have foreseen the possibility of 
injury being caused by objects 
being brought in by others, he 

said: "I find it quite unforesee- 
' able to any reasonable occupier 
that such a dangerous set of 
circumstances would arise dur- 
ing the two days when the 
playground was unstaffed". 

Attacking the Judge's de- 
cision. (he plaintiffs submined 
that once a breach of duty had 
been established then provided 
tbat the damage could directly 
be related to the breach, 
liability ought to follow: the 
feci that the precise circum- 
stances in which the damage 
occurred were not reasonably 
foreseeable did not relieve ihe 
defendants Bom liability for 
injury suffered in the general 
context of a relevant breach of 

They further submitted that 
(here was a duty on the 
defendants to institute a system 
of inspection lo ensure' that 
nothing had happened to ren- 
der the securing of the play- 
ground nugatory. 

The question was whether in 
the admitted existence of a 
breach of duty owed to the 
plaintiffs. liability for injuries 
sustained in aa accident of a 
nature outside the contempla- 
tion of the results of that 
breach nevertheless fell on the 

Decided cases., in particular 
The Wagon Mound ({1961] AC 
38$). established that before a 
defendant was liable in respect 
of a breach of duty it had to be 
established that the possible 
occurrence of the consequences 
in which the danger arose must 
have been reasonably foresee- 
able by the tortfeasor at (he 
time of the breach, even 
though the precise mechanics 
of the occurrence of the injury 
might well have exceeded 
reasonable foreseeability. 

On his findings the judge was i 
correct in using the reasonable 
foreseeability test and in find- 
ing that he had to dismiss the 

Further, the judge had found 
that the defendants' breach of 
duty was the leaving of the 
playground unsecured. He had 
found against the plaintiffs on 
the question of the alleged duty 
to inspect the playground when 
not in use. That finding was 
quite justified and should not 
be disturbed on appeal. 

Mrs Justice Butier-Sloss del- 
ivered a concurring judgmenL 
Solicitors; Rose & Biro. 
Stoke Newington; Ralph " 
Haeems & Co, Fedcham: R_a. 

Hadorn v Home Office 
Kemper and Another v Home 

Actions for damages for false 
imprisonment which depended 
for their success on impugning 
immigration officers' decisions 
to detain the plaintiffs under 
the Immigration Act 1971, 
should be struck out as abuses 
of the process of the court on 
the ground that judicial review 
was the proper procedure for 
seeking relief, Sir Neil Lawson 
held in a chambers judgment in 
open court in the Queen’s 
Bench Division on January 29. 


From the facing page. 



Kttittaglon CWlv 24hr*wt>d. 
Ux.. ColUngfum Apis. 01-373 

smart 2 M. s e aw nnn lo 
Pork Man did. 573 6306 iTI. 



One Major Scholarship 


Eight Academic Scholarships 
Four Music Scholarships 
One Art Scholarship 

Bursaries available on application 

The Governors announce a new award to be known as 
The Roxburgh Bursary to be awarded to a boy of 
oulslandmg ability in his field and of near Exhibition 
standard scholastically. 

Full details of them.- awards and ol the Day Boy 
Scholarships available from ihe Headmaster. 
Stowe School, Buckingham MK18 5EH. 
Telephone (OMO) 815164 

An independent Boarding-Day 

school for 520 girls 3-18 yrs - offers. 

LWGE WELL QUALIFIED STAFF leacnmg to Urnvgrsriy en 
franca 90 Slav on afier SCE O Grade, mainly proceeding to 
Urxversiy. Paytecfirnc or omet p'olessfrul iioirxnq 3 science*. 
Electronics with 20 com outers. 4 modem Languages Busmess 
Stutter,. Acoouning. Econorwcs. SiaMbM COMPREeCNSlve 
CAREERS ADVICE Careers corwem-on. job e«oenence 
HocLev aifYeircs. lerxns. todmmion and nefbafl are lAayed 
LEISURE ACTIVITIES include Duke o' EcwiDurgn Award taxis 
Venture Corps, fust Aid. Skating Skiing f?xwg. Galt Saf-de 
fence. Swimmxig. Aicnery. Gymnastics. Dance ana Batel 
BOARDERS Li/e m J Houses wiUi le&deni Hcwsenxs tress and 

ESCORT SERVICE to Gfcregw* arpon and Sfabon 

Ins hM fxfflcnf 


Wellington School, Ayr 



Sandy Lane, Cobfimn, Surrey KT11 2ES 

An HMC Iru-tRuacnl PutWir Day Boarding Scnool lor bay* 
.vor-d II 18 Branding a rumfulara. including rnuw-r Wading lo 
CCE 'O' and 1 A' li-> ol —uniinauon* and L'ni, rruly rniraim Sri 
in 5o xm m Surr-v hralhLind llw Sthorl oflvr* a Midi- range 
ol <iarmi and rprrvwioiul *-ln Him. OCT nntinqmi and Dukr ol 
LJinburgfi'i Award Srimmo 

EJiln ages II- 12- 13- and 6th Form 
Aradomir and Mum Srhafarstup* al age 1 3* and 6Ui Form in 
May Mth year 

Limned 6in Form Day Gfrl Entry 
Enaiuni** Id TRe Head matter Tef Cobham 63076 



STL Dies fur girls oxer me age of 16 

PTTMAN exann nation* Cambridge First Crruflrale and 
profiornry In CnglisJi Betake ol 'O and A' Level* 

Sooa( events. excufM-uy* and lectures ore pan M (he Course* 
SBOTW. available Ir-nnn. squash, riding, swunmlnv. gotf 

For br or dure and appbaiuan farm wnie la. 


Moor Park House, Moor Park Lane, 

F am ham, Surrey GU10 1QR, England 

Tel: Famham (0252) 727111 


lEstabtrshed r83ij 

Fondor I4anpr of ins Conkmna lx MpedM Fin**. Eftaatwi 

1 and 2 year complete O and A Level Courses 
Integrated 2 year 7 subject O Level Course 
O and A Level re-take courses 

Excellent Laboratory, Library and Computer 
faculties and Career Advisory ServiceL 

TUition In smaD groups 
with experienced teachers 

Enquire College Secretary, 

10 Pembrldge Sq„ Ldndon W2 4EO 01-7272797 


Day School 
for boys aged 

Catford. London 
SE6 4TY 
I01> 690 1274 

Admissions between 7+ 

and 10 + to the Prepara- 
tory Department, 11+ 
and occasionally above to 
ihe Lower and Middle 
School: whh Sixth Form 
entry for A -level courses 
for suitable candidates. 
Some places stQJ avail- 
able for September 1986. 
Parents seeking entry for 
t he ir sons should contact 
the school for a prospec- 
tus and details of 
Scholarships and Gov- 
ernment Assisted Places. 

01-690 1274 

g - H ANNE L ™^ 

1240 Greatest American Hero 
2.15001-2. 45 Supercarl 1&30 The 
Mechanic (Charles Bronson) 



11 .05-1240 Starting 2.15pm? 

2.4S Supercari &Q&&3B Mind Your 
Language 1030 Film: The Me- 
chanic (Charles Bronson) 12£5am 
Poet's Comer, Closedown. 

WALES 1 - 1S P") Racing 

^ Sandow ^ a<15 
Rygtt Rhyngwiadofc Cymru v Y 
Alban 4.05 World of Animation 4JD 
Him- Rake's Progress' &35 
How Does Your Garden Grow 7.05 
HWRUBWRU 7 JO Newyddton 
7^5 Sfumiau 8.15 Byddin Tatar 
9.15 Y Maes Chwarae 1035 
Chance in a MiWon 11.05 Saturday 
Live 12J0am Brothers 1.00 


11.05am-12.00 Greatest Amw- 
can Hero 2.15pm-Z45 Small Won- 
der 1030 Rim: The Mechanic 
(Charles Bronson) l2J20am Reflec- 
tions. Closedown 

*T — — 1311 except 11.00 
C8en Mchasl Cavakade H as- 
112-00 BFA Short 2.15pm-2L45 
SmaH Wonder 8Jto-9J)0 T. J. 

Hooker 10J0 FBm: The Mechanic 
(Charles Bronson) 12£0am 
Late Can, Closedown 
CENTRAL as London 
— except 

11 -OOen»'12JN) (ce Skating 
2.15pm-2.45 Small wonder SJOS- 
5J5 Mind Your Language &J»- 
9-00T.J. Hooker IttMTlmiThe 
Mechanic (Charles Bronson) 

12£0am Closedown 


t1-05am-12JX) Greatest Ameri- 
can Haro 2.1Spm-2.45 Mind Your 
Language &05-&35 CanAd 
Camera 1IL30 Fim: Alistair 
Maclean s Bear Island (Donald 
Sutherland} 1235am BB King Live 

T3W As London except 
— — 9JSam Fisheries News 
935 No73 11JK) GuS 
Honaybun 1133-1230 Freeze 
Frame 2.15p«n-2j45 Buttseye 
54» Newsport 5.10-535 Block- 
busters 1030 FUnr The Me- 
chanic (Charles Bronson) 1230am 
Postscript Closedown. 

— cept 11.00 Great- 

est American Hero 2.l5pm-24S 
Small Wonder 535-535Mind Your 
Language 1030 F3m: The Me- 
lanie (Charles Bronson) 12j20am 


~ ■- — don except 

IIJXtem-1200 The Baron 
2l5pn>-2^5 Small Wander 535- 
535 Ask No Questions 830- 
900 T J Hooker 1030 Rtav The 

TUS A® Lowton except 

7 s 1l30ein-1 230 Greatest 

American Hero 215pm-245 
Supercarl 1030 Film: The Me- 
chanic (Charles Bronson) 

1230am Company, Closedown 

ANGLIA V??nn w ' 

Z ~ — ] capt 1130am 

Terra hawks 1130-1230 The 
gyinfl K^y5pm-2^5 Small 
Wander 1030 Flm: The Me- 

ssissssr 11 ®" 


HTV WEST As London 

1 1.05am RrabaH XL?1lS)- 
1230 CgJtata Scarlet 215pnt-245 
Happy Days 535-535 Mind 
IJur Language 1030 Rim: The Me- 

1230am Oosedown 


ULSTER Ii3tem-i230 

Candid Camera 830-930 T J 
Hooker 1030 Rim: The Me- 

Bronson) 1230am 


Girls' Day School. 

Junior Drpartmifn: 

3- Id 

For prps*^fir«. PIM'J* kipplv bChocH Wrrlar>. V Hilary's 
School Hr.hfoournr Park Rnjd vv hml TTsija MD 
■ Srt |i n(uh > > rlSJeiit 


{Frances Mary Buss Foundation! 

offers some Assisted Places and Bursanes for good 
candidates tax the sixth Form courses. 

Details on request to the Headmistress. Norm London 
Collegiate School, Canons. Edaware. Middlesex. HAS 

Bro*»" * Brri*in Tuldrul 

Rnnripal C H Brovi.|i Al 4 


All subffK iiri.l hOdrtJti »||i| 
rinplHM* upon «*nllin d." 

vmLiinjji rn i-ifjm ■ anriiiioir. 

AbSlif.ilioir -ir" dlM) Hi' ili"4 
ffrr luKinn in iirm 

PtOMk f iu' 

wjrnriorouqb Pd 

TbL Dstard 1O8SS1 58311 8 


■ r— indi.J !8°6i 

Iiig-p^iHlp'i,i prinviri and 
1n.onJ.iri 9 jj jrnool Oi 

r»i, iimi .,im isf s i 

SIjiu nf.lrt j| .lor a Bui Ol-O 
al „lli. r jv ' .KBIifff* 


(,i(rtm>ai,ni* from 
Tka Ndfirnfar 
CimrMk CgHng* 
MmfaM OM4, Mfanf 
Eon HI 380 
TriuMH; 01-SS4 1757 



r«fhy» |kfc-l tor T. « n^. 

A um fftfUTMton lo - A- Ln- 
M b na longer mouse, so wo 
atao tram the women of ihe 
runiiY ui taaoeranfo. lortoi 
Mmen cultural under- 
nomUMi and s«u<aafidance 

Owners Aimnwr Collcor 

Pfntana tUM 

Bexfull Cost sum 

Tet Bexhiu 911092 
InOgpendMU Do> 6 Boarding 
School for Gift, A- IB years 



Today's S-hoot fnr 
ToRWUrnw** wum 
A -ound rauronon to 4 
w,ef t* no tongrr ntougn 
•n k. (fain llw women of 
>«#■ Iutu,e ,n leaoefstno w. 
rial awdrrtww*. run viral 
vnurnunuiig and vtt. 

Charier* -Xnrisirr Cfflkgr 
ftnidnff Road. Besnm. c 
hvnw-, TM Brvlnll 

2 : 1002 

limnniarni Da, A Swim 
nv> Srnool lot Girt* S la 



Today's School 
tar TXMWB e 1 , Warfd 

A sound edvirol von to A level 
Is no longer enougtn. w wo 
train the women o« (he luture 
in HMervmp. vorial aware, 
ne** ni (jurat underslaiMing 
and sell rooltorncr 

Charier*. Ancosirr Cnliew- 
fVnljnd ram Bex (tilt £a*i 

Tel Bexhill 21 I09i7 
Indmenoofll Day A Boarding 
Srftool for girt* 3 id vearv 



Today'* School for 
Tomoefow'* Vvffrln 
A sauna Mucamu la A 
lesef i* no longe* -round 
vc* me Irani Ihe women .jt 
lltefuiurein lemfeiMnn v 
ciuB awareness, ruliuiei 
underMandtng and sen 
confide nee 

dinner. Aonsle Calteg,. 

Pen land Road r 
Stosses Tel Ur shill 

Independent Da* A Board 
mg School im Girl* * IB 


AnfJls now for nlacrs on our 
r esc O, filial (oundalion 

course Siuoenls prepared 
for CM A A degree course* 
and BTEC courses. High stall 
lo student rafva Beautiful 
rounlrv juiany odianLagn 

Til: DM6 Z7U1 


iJCC Cl - 4 le- el. 
r.isdf Re* tstof I 

ln(r<i»s>' * !.'■ Mir uw 
•L riiH .ii f rnlifuiv 

iliuixiiie Lanr 
Maiicm-vlrr XII9 jpH 

Telepnone 061 44? 0888 


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Wattoo. Wattoo. 930-1030 
Tarraftawks. 1.00pm Here and 
Now. 1.30-2.00 Gardening 
Tune. 4.30-5.00 Wisfi You Were 
Here? 11. 30 Martowe-Pffvate. 

Eye 12.30am Closedown. 

S S A NAPA .*™^ 

Cartoon. 930-10.00 British 
Achisvernem. 11.00 Heritage From 
Stone. 1135 AAPKAA HART 

1 1 .30- 12.00 This ts Your RigfiL 
1 .00pm Wish You Were Here 
...? 1 .30-2.30 Fait Guy. 4.30-530 
Encounter. 1 1.30 Marlowe-Pri- 
vate Eye. 12.00 Ctosedown. 

TSW - 4? JiKE 00 "ceph 

9. 2 5-1 0.00am Link. 11.00 
Herrtage From Stone. 1 1.25 

^ok and See. 11.30-12.00 South 

West Week 1.00pm Garoens 

Farming News. 

BORDER As London ex- 
~T cept: 935am Garden- 

ing Time. 9.55-10.00 Border 
Chary. 1.30-2.00 Farming Outlook 

4.30- s.oo Captain Scarlet ' 

H-30 Closedown. 

1.30pm Celebration. 


except 935- 

1000am Unk. 11.00 Heritage 
From Stone. 11.30-1200 Farming 
Diary. 1.00-2 00pm Man in a 
Suitcase. 4.30 Return of the Ame- 
lope. 5.00-5.30 Richard 
Cfayderman. 11.30 Marlowe-Pri- 
vate Eye- 1 2.30am Five Min- 
utes. Closedown. 

TVS London 
~~~ - except9.25am Action line. 
9.40-10.00 Cartoon. 1 . 00 pm 
Agenda, i .30-200 Farm Focus. 
455-^00 News. 1 1 .30 Mar- 
lowe-Pnvate Eye. 1230am Com- 
pany. Closedown. 

^CbSS"?^^ 00 

12.30am Amhol- 

HTV S. 35am Jayce and the 
■——■Wheeled Wanyxs. 930- 
lOjOO Science Intemationaf. 

I. 00pm Gardening Time. 130-2.00 
Fanrtng Wales. 430-5.00 

ss,oSr Awn9era 

With Anne Hailes. 1.00pm 
F^rmng Ulster. 1.30 Bygones 4 aft. 

f i D StvB Uih o! Wntyre. 

I I. 30 Sports Ftesutts. 1135FestJ- 
raJofFoik. ( 200 News. 


l>j )\ Ly> '<i 5 jD 



IHfc MMfcSSAlUKDAY frfcBKUAKY 1 198 _ 
Weekend television and radio programmes 
Edited by Peter Dear and Peter Davalle 


30 Wilo the Wisp, with the 
voices of Kenneth Wilkams 
(r) 8.35 Hunter’s Gold 
Episode five of the drama 
senes set in New Zealand 
in the 1860s (r) 



1?^! Ai TrTfvrS 



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ryva ■ 


stAsito.* i * 

•• - 

• *.: 

Hedges Masters, 2.25 
and 4.00 Rugby Union: 
coverage of the game m 
Cardiff between Wales 
and Scotland, and from 
Paris where France 
entertain Ireland; 3L55 
Half-times scores and 
reports. 4J25 Skating: the 

Championships from 
Copenhagen. 4.40 Final 
score ■ 

jJD5 News with Jan Learning. 
Weather 5.15 
Sport/regional news 
L20 Jimt Fbc It Among those 
for whom Mr Savite fixes it 
is a young girl who wants 
her awn ’Command 
Performance (Ceefax) 
LOO The Noel Edmonds Late 
Late Breakfast Show. 

This week's Whlrly 
Wheeler faces an ordeal 
by fire and ice, there is 
another round of the Mr 
Poseur competition, and 
another attempt of the Y- 

5-50 Lea and 

Laughter Show. The two 
comedy impressionists 
with another selection of 

r.25 Strike it Rich! Episode five 
and Saxon, the American 
who has taken over 
County Newspapers, calls 
an extraordinary General 
Meeting. His intention is to 
get Lady Bentley thrown 
oft the board to be 
replaced by himself 


6.55 Good Morning Britain, 
presented by Mike Morris, 
weather at 6^8; news at 
7.00; regional report at 
7.08; sport at 7.15. 

7 -30 The Wflde Awake Chib, 
includes news and 
weather at EL25. 


9-25 No 73. Fun and games for 
the young 11.00 
Terrahewka discover a 
capsule (r) 1120 Mr 
Smith. Comical 
adventures of an almost 
human orangutan 
12JM News with Pamela 

12.(6 Saint and Greavsia. Ian 
and Jimmy review the 
football scene in particular 
and other sports in 
general 1220 Wrestling. 
Two bouts from 
„ Cieckheaton Town Hall 
1-20 Ainwotf Hawke 

undertakes a stunt flying 
assignment unaware that 
the man who hired him has 


. *• •_ 
.V.' -x 4 - 

Lee Remick and George Hearn: Sondheim on 
Broadway, Four Da}"® in New York (BBC2, 8.15pm) 

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5.15 The Two Ronnies. The 
last of the present series 
starring Messrs Corbett 
and Barker Their usual 
comedy sketches are 
supplemented by a film. 
The Secret of the 
Sorcerer's Tomb The. 
guest is Barbara Dickson 
925 News and sport With Jan 
Leeming. Weather 
9.20 International Snooker. 

The second semifinal of 
the Benson and Hedges 

. 1.05 approximately European 
Figure Skating 

Highlights of this 
afternoon 's Free Dance 

i1.30 approximately FBm: Blood 
Beach (1980) starring 
John Saxon, David 
Huffman and Mariana Hill 
Horror film about the 
strange goings-on among 
the sun worshipping falk_- 
' of southern California who 
are being sucked under 
the sand to their death by 
an unknown force 
Directed by Steven 
1.00 Weather 

massive gambling debts 
and that he is hoping to 
collect on the insurance 
when Hawke is killed in a 

2.15 Benson. A night in front of 
the television fails to 
materialise and it turns 
into a poker session 

2^5 Ice Skating. The final day 
of the European Figure 
Skating Championships, 
introduced by Jim 
Rosenthal from the 

4.45 Resists Service 

5.00 News with Pamela 

5.05 Blockbusters. Bob 

Holness presents another 
round of the general 
knowledge game 

5.35 The A-Team. The 

resourceful quartet are in 
Mexico where they take a 
drug smuggling ring apart 

620 The (tumbleweeds 

Show. The madcap five In 
another selection of comic 

7.00 The Price is Right Leslie 
Crowther presents 
another session of the 
greedy game show 

820 Hunter. A young drug 

addrctfaBs foul of crooked 
policemen when he 
catches them burgflng an 
electrical store 

9.00 News and sport 

9.15 Tales of the Unexpected: 
The Umbrella Man, 
starring John Mills Aflmid 
stranger accosts a 
sophisticated lady Why? 
And why is he pray ing tor 

9.45 Aspel and Company. 
Tonight’s wests are 
George Coe, Sir Harry 
Secombe and RoyCasOe 

10.30 LWT news heawnea 
followed by WaHenberp 
The Lost Hero. Part one 
of a two-part dramatized 
documentary about the 
wealthy Swede who, 
disgusted by the 
Holocaust, arranoed the 

prisoners destined fOr 
the gas chambers 
Starring Richard 

Chamberlain (r) 

12.15 Mariowe- Private Eye: 
Finger Man. Phffip 
Mariowe becomes the 
target of a kilter when he 
investigates corruption at 
City Hall (r) 

1.10 Night Thoughts • 

8.40 Open University 

155 Filin: Fifth Avenue Girt* 
(1939) starring Ginger 
Rogers. Walter Connolly 
and Tim Holt Romantic 
tale of a poor but honest 
New York girl who 
becomes die personal 
assistant to an unhappy 
millionaire Directed by 
Gregory Lacava 

3.15 Film: The First Traveffing 
Lady (1956) starring 
Ginger Rogers as an 
enterprising corset 
saleslady who decides to 
try and sell her wares to 
the ladies of the Wild 
West Directed by Arthur 

4.45 International Snooker. 

The first semifinal of the 
Benson and Hedges 

5.30 Deutsch efirektl Lesson 14 
of the German 
conversation course. 

5-55 Horizon: The Mould, The 
Myth and the Microbe. 

The story of the discovery 
of penicmn, putting into 
perspective the work of Sir 
Alexander Fleming, (r) 

6.45 News View. Jan Leeming 
with today's news. Moira 
Stuart reviews the week’s 
news in pictures and 
subtitles. Weather 

7.25 International Pro- 
Celebrity Golf . Arnold 
Palmer and Gary Player 
are joined by Jimmy 
Tarbuck ana Sean 

8.15 Sondheim on Broadway. 
The first of a two-part 
showing of the cult 
musical. Follies, recorded 
at New York's Avery 
Rsher Hail last 
September It is the story 
of a reunion of ex- 
showgfrts at their old 
theatre which is due for 
demolition. The lead roles 
are taken by Lee Remick 
and Barbara Cook 

9.50 Saturday Review, 
presented by Russell 
Davies. This week's 
edition includes a 
report on the debate m 
which Germaine Greer and 
Auberon Waugh proposed 
that Diogpaphers are 
oeneraBy a disease of 

English literature 
Ffen: Clean State (1981) 
starring Philippe Noiret 
and isabefle Hupert. 
Comedy thriller, set in 
French West Africa in 
1938, about a harassed 
police chief who works 
out a cunning revenge on 
all his persecutors 
Directed by Bertrand 
Tavernier (subtitled) 

Ends at 1225 

CHANNEL. -1 ; 

1.15 Channel 4 Racing from 
Sandown. Brough Scott 
introduces coverage of the 
Tote Jackpot Handicap 
Hurdle (1.30); the Tote 
Bookmakers Handicap 
Chase (2.00): the 
Gainsborough Handicap 
Chase (2-30J: and the 
Otiey Hurdle (r) 

320 FamS Fortune is a 

Woman* (1956) starring 
Jack Hawkins. Arlene 
Dahl, Dennis Price and 
Greta Gynt. Thriller about 
an insurance swindle 
5.05 BrookakJe. (Oracle) 

6. DO Family Ties. American- 
made domestic comedy 

620 Unforgetta b le. Pop music 
nostalgia with vintage 
performances by the stars 
of the past including, this 
evening, Del Shanon and 
Martha and the Vandellas 
720 News summery and 
weather, followed by 
Chinese m Britain. The 
first of two programmes to 
be seen this weekend 
about Britain's Chinese 

720 Hefl and High Water. An 
Assignment Adventure 
film about an international 
raft and kayak team 
attempting to become the 
first to navigate the 
Stikme, a 70 mile stretch 
of white water in northern 
British Columbia 
820 Saturday Live. Lenrty 
Henry presents this 
week's alternative comedy 

1020 Hit) Street Blues. Furillo 
is furious when a 
technical oversight leads 
to the release of the man 
who is accused of killing 
public defender Pam 
Gilliam (Oracle) 

1120 FBne The Old Dark 
House* (1932) starring 
Charles Laughton, Melvyn 
Douglas, Boris Karloff and 
Raymond Massey Five 
travellers lost in s storm in 
a remote part of Wales 
take refuge in a bleak 
mansion owned by the 
mysterious Fetnm family 
Based on the novel by 
j.B.Priesttey and directed 

S James Whale 

m: Dracuta's Daughter 
(1936) starring Otto 
Kruger and Gloria Holden. 
Count Dracuia is dead but 
people are stiH being kitted 
by what appears to be a 
vampire. Psychiatrist 
Jeffrey Gartfi suspects 
- one of his patients. 
Countess Maria Zaleska, 
as being the guilty party 
Directed by Lambert 
1.35 Close 

625 Open University 
825 Play School, presented by 
Brian Jameson. Sarah 
Long and Elizabeth Watts 
9.15 Articles of FaiL 
Rediscovering religious 
belief 920 Thta is the Day. 

A simple religious service 
from a viewer's home m 


10.00 Asian Magazine. This 
week s edition includes 
Suzy Mennes. fashion 
editor of The Times, 
talking about the Asian 
connection m her book. 

The Royal Jewels 
1020 The interview Game. Tne 
last of five programmes 
designed to help tne 
interviewee (rj 10.55 
Deutsch direktl. Lesson 
15 of the German 
conversation course 1120 
Tefe-JournaL Last { 

Monday's news as seen 
by viewers of Austria's 
first channel gj n.45 

Nothing But the Best A 
parents' guide to 
secondary education (r) 
12.10 See Heart. 

Magazine programme far 
the nard-of-h earing 
1225 Farming. The first of two 
programmes examining 
what farmmq will oe like 
in the year 2000 1228 

1.00 This Week Next Week. 
Fortress Wapping and the 
divided TUC discussed by 
Rupert Murdoch, Brenda 
Dean and John Grant 
220 EastEnders. A compilation 
of the week’s episodes 


3.00 The World of Dogs. From 
Chatsworth House where 
breeders are preparing tor 
Crufts, and to Awemore 
for a rally of sled dogs 

320 International Snooker. 
Frames one to eight of 
the final of the Benson 
and Hedges Masters, 
introduced by David leke 
from the Wembley 
Conference Centre 

520 Muppet Magic 

5.40 The Living Isles. Pan five 
of Julian Rentier's senes 
on the natural history of 
Britain and Ireland 
examines the various 
coast lines (Ceefax) 

620 You Are What You Eat A 
guide to healthy eating 

620 News with Jan Leeming 

6.40 Songs of Praise. A 
jewtsh-Chnstian dialogue 
tram the West London 
Synagogue (Ceefax) 

7.15 International Snooker. 
Further coverage of the 
final of the Benson and I 
Hedges Master 

7.45 Bluebell. Episode four of 
the eight-part dramatized 
biography of the founder 
of the ramous Bluebell 
Girts dancing troupe and 
Bluebell is asked to recruit 
24 girls to dance at the 
Paramount Cinema- 

8.40 International Snooker. 

The opening frames of the 
nine to 17 session of the 
final of the Benson and 
Hedges Masters 

920 News with Jan Learning. 

9.45 That’s Life. Consumer 
affairs programme 
presented by Esther 

10.30 Everyman: The Boys 
were Deed-' Ten years 
after the KingsmiBe 
massacre, trie villagers of 
Whrtecross and 
Bessbrook in Co. Armagh 
remember the tragic 

1125 International Snooker. 
The closing frames of the 
Benson and Hedges 

1225 Weather 

doo !458kHz/206m VHF 94%'Worii Service MF 648 kHz/463m „ 

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( Radio 4 ) 

5.55 am Shipping. 6-00 NEWS 
620 News. Farming. 620 Prayer 
IcTme Day (s) 

Travel 7.00 News 7.10 Palters 
7.15 On your Farm 7.45 In 
Perspective 720 Down to Earn 
725 Weather. Travel 820 New® 
8.10 Today s Papers 
Weather. Travel 920 News 925 
Breakaway HoWday Scene 920 

ssg r'jffja-*- : 

(Peter Riddefi) 1020 Loroa 
1120 From Our Own Cor- 

Just a Minute (s). 1225 Weather 

1 So N "!5y a "SS k ^ ? EifaiSh 

Selwyn Gummer MPDrEfi^^ 
Cottrell, The Rt Hon Denz|P«"» 
MP and Jack B<tody) 220 News. 
The Attemoon P^V, 

Fear of Heaven by JohnMortmer 

( 3.00 News. International 
Assignment ^320 The Sarturday 
Feature. Brits - 

Destination Austraha 4.15 K^m>g 
Around The World (Marghanita 
LaskTK 425 Personal Grata (Gillian 

Living World 525 W®®* 
&Sng (s) 520 Shipping 525 

6J» Solomon §undy 

Old 620 A Sideways Look 

Granados s Danzas 
espanobs (Alida de ! 

Larrochak Glazunov's 
Saxophone Concerto 
and works by Sibelius 
(Andante festivo), Duparo 
(Chanson tnste)and Rtinsky- 
Korsakov (suite Mlada) , 
9.00 News 

925 Record Review- indudes 
a consumers guide to 
recordi ng s of Richard 
Strauss's Also sprach 

10.15 Stereo Release works 

and BerwaW (Sinfonie 

11.45 St Louis SO Suk 

(Taras Bulba). 120 News 
1.05 Paul Crossley (p«no) 
Scarlatti sonatas and 
Tippett Sonata No 4 
220 Furtwangjer Wagner 

SKLrAct, Haydn 
Symphony No 88. 

Beethoven Piano Concerto 

No 4 Tchaikovsky 
Symphony No 6 
420 Mozart and 

Mendelssohn String 

Quartets Mozart A major 
quartet. K 464. 

Mendelssohn Quartet in t 

minor Op 44 No 2 

snn jazz Record Requests 
with Peter Clayton 
52Sp CnticsForinTiBXdirfW 

1025 Martino Tuimo works 
by Debussy (Estamp es) 
and Liszt (including Petrarch 
Sonnet No 123 
1120 Music of Catalonia 

recordings including 

works by Granados (Spanish 

Dance No 5), Albeniz 

(Granada, Suite espanola), 
Mompou (Joet 
pressentia com la mar) 

1127 News 1220 Closedown 

( Radio 2 

News on the how wM 

LOOpm then 320, 620,720 and 

1022pm 4.00 am Gareth 
OttCaHaghan (s) 6.00 Stava ■ 
Truelove 825David Jacobs (s) 
1020 Sound Of The 60s 112 
Album Time (s) 120 pmKW 
Doddtis Palace of Laughter 1-30 
Sport On 2 includes Rugby 
Union (France v Ireland and Wales 
v Scotland) 620 Folk on 2720 
Beat The Record 7-30 An Evening 

i .ttta Kimhr Musk; (s) 


625 Good MontingBritwi. 
beams with A ihpught lor 
3 Sunday', 720 Cartoon" 
725 Are You Awake Yw?: 
720 the What's news quiz; 
8.10 Jem Barnett s Pick ot 
the week. 827 news 

820 The Sunday Programme, 
presented by David Frost 


925 Wake Up London. The 
Vicious soys discover 
table tennis 9.35 Woody 
and Friends. Two cartoon 
9.45 Snooper end 
Blabber. Cartoon 
1025 Morning Worship, from 
the Roman Catholic 
Church of St Richard of 
Chichester 1120 Link. 

Kevin Muthem talks to 
sculptor Adam Reynolds 
who suffers trom 
muscular dystrophy 1120 
A Heritage from Stone. A 
senes tracing Ulster's 
heritage. Today's 
programme begins in 
Bessbrook. one of the first 
of the garden city 
concepts set up by 
Quaker John Richardson 
m 1&46 

1220 Weekend World. Brian 
Walden reports on 
Gorbachov's chances ot 
realising his economic 
plans for Russia without a 
political upheaval 120 
Police 5. 1.15 The Smurfs 
(r) 120 Joanie Loves 
Chachi. American comedy 

220 LWT News headlines 
tot towed by 

Enco un t e r.The work of a 
home care team for the 
terminally in with cancer 

2.30 The Big Match Live. West 
Ham United play 
Manchester United at 
Upton Park. The 
commentator is Brian 

420 Survival. The flora and 
fauna of the Bay of Fundy 

5.00 The Return of tne 
Antelope. Episode three 
of the drama serial about a 
gang of Lilliputians Hvinbg 
m a Victorian doll's house 

520 BuHaeye. Darts and 

general knowledge game 
presented by Jim Bowen 

6.00 Albion Market Louise has 
gone missing, leaving 
Geoff and Bfoen holding 
the baby (Oracle) 

6.20 News with Pamela 

6.40 ttighway. sir Harry 
Secombe visits 

7.15 Catchphrase. Game show 
presented by Roy Walker 

7.45 Surprise Surprise. Cilia 
Black re-unites another 
selection of guests 

825 Crazy Like a Fox. A 
former school friend of 
Harry's, now a nun. asks 
him to investigate a 
suspected insurance fraud 

9.45 News 

10.00 Spitting Image. Satire 
mouthed by wicked latex 

1020 The South Bank Show. 
Melvyn Bragg presents a 
new version of Purcell's 
opera. Dido and 
Aenaes.Starring Debby 
Bishop and Peter Straker, 
the opera has been 
substantially revised by 
Howard Good all 

1120 LWT News headlines 
followed by The Search 
for Wealth. Chris Rogers 
investigates taxation 

1125 Show Express. James 
Last and his Orchestra 
with guests including 

12.15 Night Thoughts 





Debby Bishop and Peter Straken Dido and 
AeneasJSouth Bank Show (IT\ : ,l030pni) 


fidOO Nowsdesk 72Q Twwmr- 

Four Hows 720 From Hw 7.4S 

Network UK 820 News Redactions 

8.15 A Joky SwaSh®* MD Mws 
Review ol the Bnteti Press 9.1S The 
WorM Today 9J0 financial Nwrs 9M 
took Ahead 9M TtaMuw Bustos 
10JM News HUM bnra Trad ID. 15 
tatter From America 10-30 Peopte and 
POtecs 1120 News 1128 News Abou* 
Britain 11.15 About Braahi 1228 Ra*o 


1020 News 1029 From, Ow Own 
Correspondern 1030 New Wms MB 
Reflections 1045 Sports Roundup 1120 
News 1129 Commentary 11-15 
Letterbox 1120 Hflsvite USA «20 
News 1109 Abouf &««. Ilte 
Radio Newsreel 1220 Bawrs nai 
Dozen 120 News 1.01 Play ol the Week. 
Lady Windermer Fan 1K> Nows 2JB 
Review Ol The BnUsh Press 2.15 Poe» 
m MUSK 220 Al bum T «we,320_News 
338 News About Britan 3-15 From Ow 
Own Correspondent 1311 1 ®PJ5 

420 Newsdesk 430 Juke Box Dury 545 

tetter From America 

Radio 4 

5.55 Shipping SIX) News S,Wales only) •xcantB.Btijfcu™ 
Briefing 6.lOPreiude(s) 620 News, Weather, 

Morning Has Broken 625 Weather. I University 4GO-6-OOpm Options 
Travel „ _ 

7.00 News 7 JO Sunday Papws 
7J5 Apna Hi Ghar Samajhiye 7.45 
Betts 720 Tummg Over New 
Leaves 725 Weather-Travel 

6.00 News &JO Sunday Papers 
8J5 Sunday 8.50 Jonathan 
DimWeby appeals 825 Weather. 

Travel _ _ 

9.00 News 9 JO Sunday Papers 

9 k tetter from America by Alistair 
Cooke 920 Morning Service from 
St Michael's Parish Church. 


[O.I5 The Archers Omnibus edition 
ILI5 Pick of the week(s) t2J5 
Desert Island Discs Michael 

Parkinson talks to snoolw 
champion Dennis Taylor 1225 

Weamer _ ... . . 

LOO The World This Weekend- 
News I2S Shipping 2.00 News. 

G arderwr s 'Question Time 

(Hampstead Horticultural Society 

g an The Afternoon Play Old- 
tyme Disco by Bruce Stewart (sj 

4.00 News Origins Archaeology 
senes tracing the Roman 
colonization of Britain (3) The 
Towns 420 The Natural History 
Programme 5.00 News. Travel 
S.OS Down Your Way Brian 
Johnston visits East Gnnstead 
520 Shipping 525 Weather 

6.00 News 6J5 Weekend 
Woman s Hour 

7.00 Travel. The Mystery of the 
Blue Tram by Agatha ChrteneJ'Tnai 
episode, with Maunce Denham as 
Hercule Poirot (S) 720 Profile 7.45 
Time of your Life David GiUi-and 
recalls - far from fondly - ms 
schooldays m Scotland's public 
school system 

6.00 Bookshelf witn Hunter 
Davies 820 Law In Action (Joshua 

9.00 News. Jude the Obscure by 
Thomas Hardy 12) (s) 928 Weather 

10.00 News 10.15 The Sunday 
Feature Witness The story or tne 
nuclear tests m Australia and ttw 
South Pacific between 1952 and 58 

12.00 News. 

VHF (available In Engtendarid 
S.Wales only) axiteptS-SS-eG^n 
Wnather. Travel 7^0-8.00 Open 

8.00 Mischaa Elman (violin) 
Works by Grieg (Sonata 
No 3), Elman (Tango) and 

»a^rK5iss SSsaa"— 

Robinson (s) 7.45 Bakers uo® London 

% ya "SSSfiSSEL 

Balloons by Ivor Wason (s) Les Corps glotwux 

- •“« y>- 

BaUoons Dy «vor m 


VHF (available 

Wales only) exosp^ ^5®° 
Weather Travel 320-5-w P" 
Options — 

Radio 3 

a « Wnather 7.00 News 
725 Aubade Shostakovich s 
Festival Overture. 
Sarasate s Fantasy on 
Bizet s Carmen 

720 Englishmen ChrratoplW 

Hope poem for w*»sWrth Janet 
Suzman. Nigel Hawthorra 
rimothy West and Hugh ackscn 
8.15 Katya Kabanova 

Soek three-ad opera. 
mEngfish EnglishNationai 

SSSsSSwfBow Hannan 
m trie title role Acts 1 
and two 

920 Murdering 

tatk by Laurence Lsmer 

Vanderbilt Unh/ersity 
oen Katva Kabanova the 

The two Ronnies: 

ILOO Before The EndingOf Th® 
Dav (SWLB in Committee The work 
of Parliament s Select Committees 

No 3), Elman (Tango) ana 
Bruch (Concerto No 
l).9 00 News 

9.00 Concert Choice Humnwi 
(Trumpet Concerto in E); 
Mendelssohn (Sons 
Without Words. Op 53 
Nos 1 to 61: Glazunov 
(Concert Watiz No 1). 
Rachmaninov (Vocalise), 
Schoenberg (Verkiarte 
Nacht. Op 41 

10.30 Music Weekly- includes 
Colin Sorenson on some 
little known film music and 
John Deathridge on the 
musical dimate of the 
Weimar Republic 

11.15 Ernst Kovacic violin and 
piano reotal Elgar 
(Sonata in E minor. Op 821. 
Prokofiev(Sonata No 2, 

Op 94) 

12.15 From the 1985 Proms 
Polish Chamber 
Orchestra. Mozart 
(Serenade in C. K 525). 
and Bach (Concerto m D 

LOO Words talk by Edward 
Hitchcock. Professor of 
Neurosurgery at Birmingham 

1.05 From the Proms Bartok 
(Dtveftimento)and Haydn 
(Symphony No 47) 

220 Yonty Solomon piano 
rectal Faure (Ballade Op 
19) anti Racnmanmov 

2.45 Sibelius and Nielsen 
BSC SO With Boris 
Belkin (violin) Sibelus 
(symphonic poem 

920 Open Univensity (ends 1 


2.00 krtemationai Rugby 
Special. Nigel Starmer 

Smith introduces 

highlights of yesterday s 

P ames in Pans between 
ranee and Ireland and in 
Cardiff between Wales ; 

and Scotland 

3JK) Ingrid. A documentary 

about the bte and career ot 
Ingrid Bergman, narrated 
by John Gielgud. Trie 
contributors include Liv 
Ullman. Yul Brynner, 

Gregory Peck and Angela 

4.05 The Great Art Collection, 
elf portraits by Rembrandt, 

Van Gogh and James 

4.40 Beethoven Sonatas for 
Cello and Piano. Steven 
Isserlis and Peter Evans 
perform the Sonata in C 
major. Op 102 No 1 

520 European Figure Skating 
Championships. Trie 
traditional gala exhibition 
which closes the 

5.45 Ski Sunday. The Men s 
Downhill and the Men s 
Slalom from Wengen 
Introduced by David Vine 

620 The Money Programme. 

This week's edition 
includes a report on the 
traffic jams in Moscow 
Something of a new 
phenomenon since their 
underground system is 
extremely cheap and 

7.15 The Natural 

Wort d2kyh timers. A 
documentary about the 
vulture The narrator is 
Libby Purves 

825 Comrades. The final 
programme of the series 
focuses on Dinara 
Asanova, one of 
Leningrad's top film 

820 Thinking Aloud. Brian 
Goodwin, Paul Davies and 
Richard Gregory discuss 
The new science - order 
out of chaos? With Bryan 

920 Architecture at the 

Crossroads. Part four ot 
the series on j 

contemporary architecture 
examines the New Market 

10.10 Under Sati-fn praise of 
Royal Corinthian One 

1020 Screen Two: Frankie and 
Johnnie Hywel Bennett 
stare as Alan Blakeston, a 
reporter on a local paper 
who uncovers something 
fishy when investigating 
the death of two 
teenagers in a supposed 
love pact Ends at 12.10 

Taptoia)arxJ the Violin 
Concerto' Nielsen 
Symphony No 4 
4-25 BBC Singers works by 
Britten (Ballad of Little 
Musgrave and Lady 
Barnard), Bantock ( Five 
Choral Songs and Dances), 
and Malcolm Williamson 
(North Country Songs 
5.15 A Study in Evolution: 

Colin fudge on the 1985 
Taung Diamond Jubilee 
Symposium that he 

6JH The Theatre ol Memory 
by John Buller BBC SO, 
with solo instrumentalists 
6.45 Richard 8- John Hurt 
stars in Shakespeare's 
play With David Suchet as 
Henry Bolmgbroke. 

Roger Hammond as 
Edmund. Ann Bell as 
Queen Isabel and Hugh 
Dickson as the Eart of 
925 Curaies and Conquests 
anthology about the 
clergy in love CompSed by 
Joanna Cullen Brown 
1025 Baroque Festival (part 21 
11.00 Karl Haas Conducts 

Bach (Triple Concerto in 
A minor BWV1044). Haydn 
(Notrumo inC), 

Beethoven (Octet Rondino in 
E flat) and Handel ( Harp 
Concerto in B flat). 

1127 News 1 ZOO Closedown 

120 Irish Angle. The work of a 
traditional Dublin 

120 Face the Press. David 
Steel is questioned by 
Hugh MacPherson of 
Tribune and Christopher 
Potter of The Sun Gillian 
Reynolds is tnb the chair 

ZOO Pod's Programme. 

Hannah Gordon is one of 
the guests this week, and 
she brings along a basket 
of kittens 

2.30 Matinee from the Mel: 
L’Elisir d'Amore 
Donizetti's comic opera 
about a vilage boy who is 
■n love with a noble s 
daughter With Luciano 
Pavarotti as the vilage 
swain, Nemonno. and the 
American soprano Judith 
Blegen as the object of his 
love.Adina Sesto 
Bruscanhni sings the role 
of the quack from whom 
the lovelorn lad by aselixir 
of love The chorus and 
orchestra of the 
Mevopilitan Opera, New 
York, are conducted Dy 
Nicola Rescigno 

4.45 Chinese in Britain. Thgis 
seemd of two programmes 
examines the relationship 
of the Chinese community 
to the British political 

5.15 News summary and 

weather followed by The 
Busines Programme. The 
reasons why Dawsons 
and Coats Patons are 
merging and bringing 
together some of the most 
tamous names in British 

6.00 Australian Rules Footbati. 
The second game in the 
three part series is 
between Footscray and 

7.00 Man and his Music. This 
documentary examines 
how Louis XlVs political 
and quicksliver tastes 
influenced the music 
composed during his reign 

8.00 a Sense of Place. John 

Montague returns to the 

Co Tyrone haunts of his 

820 Kipling. A welcome repeat 
Of Alec McCowen s one 
man play in which he play 
Rudyard Kipling 

1020 A Kind of Loving* (1962) 
starring Alan Bates and 
June Futchte Drama about 
a young man who is 
forced to marry a girl after 
he makes her pregnant 
The marriage is a 
predictable disaster 
Directed by John 

1Z10 Film: Evidence in 
Concrete* (1960) A 
Scotland Yard detective 
investigates the death of a 
young girt by what seems 
a hit-and-run incident 
Directed by Gordon Hales 
Ends at 1Z45 

Acker s Away 11.00 Sounds of 
Jazz UJOaiii Jean Challis (s) 3.C 
420 A Little Night Music (s) 

Radio 2 

says Good Morning Sunday (s) 9.05 
Melodies for You (s) 11.00 
Desmond Carrington (s) 1 -00pm 
Gloria Hunnrford Presents 
Two s Best (sj ZOO Benny Green 
(s)3JM Alan Datt(S) 420 Jpz 
Classics m Stereo 5 Satchnw 4.30 
Smg Something Simpta (s) 5JJ0 
Charlie Chester wilh your Sunday 
Soapbox 7.00 Mooney s Mon- 
day Magazine 720 The Gentle 
Touch COO Black Magic 820 
Sunday Halt-Hour 9-00 Your 
Hundred Best Tunes 1020- 
Songs from the Shows 1020 

r , . 

■-y - ^ 



’ . In *■— . 



*s she* 1 



News on trie naif hour until 
H20am. then 220pm 320,420 
720.920 12 midnight. 6.00 
Mark Page 8.00 Peter Powell 

10.00 Steve Wnght B-30 
jimmy Savile s OW Record Club 
2.30 Classic Concert 3.30 The 
Great Rock N Rctf Trwa Qua 

4.00 Chartoustars 5.00 Top 
40 1st 7.00 Anne Nightingale 
Request Show isl 9.00 Robbie 
Vincent is) H.OO-KLOO Trie 
Ranking Miss P is) VHF Radios 

1 & 2 4.O0am As Radio 2 S.OOpm 
As Radio I IZOO-4,OOam As 
Radio 2 


630 Newsdesk 7JJ0 News 7^ Twemy 
Four Hours 730 From Our Own 
Corresponded 730 WaveairtB BTO 
News 8.09 Reflections tIS The 
Pleasure 9 Yours 930 News 9-09 Remew 
Ot The Bmisti Press 9.15 Soenoe In 
Acoon 9.45 Hunier ot the Dart 10.00 
News 1031 Snon Siory 10.15 Classical 
Record Review 1030 Sunday Ser«e 
1130 News 1139 News Atom Bmarn 
11.15 From Our Own Cones Dondent 
1230 flews 1231 Play ol me Ween LaOy 
vumdermeras Fan 1.00 tows 139 
Twenty-Four Hours 1 30 Spons 
Roundup 1.45 The Sana Jones Requesr 
Stow 230 News 230 Cterhe 330 Rada 
Newsreel 3.15 Concert Ha* 430 News 
439 Commeniary 4.15 Ftemg «» U)j« 
4.45 Letter Irom America 530 News 539 
Reflections 5.15 MendiSfl 830 tows 
639 Twenty-Four Hours 9.15 jne 
Pleasures Yours 1030 Mews HL09 
Poets wi Muse 1035 Book Cnoiw 
1030 Fmanoal Review 10 40 Reflections 
1045 Spans Roundup 11JH News 1139 
Commentary 11.15 Letter trom Amen» 
1130 Trie Goroachev Inheritance 1230 
News 1239 News atom Brits fi 12.15 
Radio Newsreel 1230 Refcgous Senve 
130 News 131 A Maner lor Debate 1.45 
Endlstl Song 2.00 News 239 Fleview ol 
trie Bnwsn Press Z15 P^»es Cnaw 
230 Soence m Action 330 News 339 
News About Bntam 3.15 Good Books 
330 Anytnmg Goes 4. DO Newsdesk 430 
Faeign Affairs 535 Recorasig ot trie 

Regional H taring page 

n ’ ^ 3 !o 
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Sikhs rebuild their holiest of shrines 

in Bar 


By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 

The division of function 
between barristers and solic- 
itors is an economical system 
from which clients benefit. 
Lord Hailsham of_ Sl 
M anlebone.ihe Lord Chan- 
cellor. said last night. 

His remarks to Cardiff Law 
Society were being seen as a 
response to the Law Society, 
which has said (hat barristers 
and solicitors should have 
the same training. 

Lord Hailsham said it was 
wrong to believe that 
demarcation between bar- 
risters and solicitors was 

A barrister needed to keep 
his overheads down to op- 
erate efficient!}. Even if he 
was a distinguished silk, but 
more particularly if he was a 
busy junior, he must spend 
hours reading books or pa- 
pers. researching in the li- 
brary. or simply waiting, for 
his case to come on. or 
having come on. to finish. 

So he wTote few letters. He 
interviewed no witnesses, 
except experts and. of course, 
his client. He kept few 
accounts, save those nec- 
essary for value-added tax 
and income tax. 

To that the solicitor offered 
a contrast. He might well 
occupy offices which cost 
him dear. He usually had 
partners, sometimes by the 
dozen, especially in London, 
as well as articled clerks, cost 
draftsmen and secretaries. 

For appearances in coun 
he needed to brief specialists 
usually from the Bar. jury 
advocates in the Crown or 
defamation courts, commer- 
cial lawyers in Admiralty, 
charter party cases or the 
like. Chancery lawyers in 
originating summonses, 
younger barristers in county 
courts and magistrates' 
courts, draftsmen and income 
tax specialists. Those special- 
ists were inevitably from the 
Bar and. in their turn, 
probably had at least 30 
solicitors' firms on their 

H A - r •- ;■ ■ . 1 Mr . 

Extremist Sikhs who took 
over the Golden Temple in 
the Sikh holy city of Amrit- 
sar. Punjab, on Sunday have 
started demolition work, 
considered essential by them 
before the temple can be 
rebuilt as their most holy oi 

Among those helping are 
the so-called “Gum's 
Children*', a reference to the 
children of Guru Gobind 
Singh who were buried alive 
daring the reign of the 
Muslim emperor Auriing Zeb. 

It is about 18 months since 
the Sikh community took 
control of the holy city and its 
sacred temple.Mrs Indira 
Gandhi, the then Indian 
Prime Minister, . who was 
later assassinated by her 
Sikh bodyguards, sent in her 
Army to remove the Sikhs. 

Last weekend, after an 
uneasy truce had petered out, 
the temple was recaptured by 
extremist Sikhs from their 
more moderate colleagues, 
and the high priest replaced. 


Britain’s food surplus 
up in value to £ 1 , 4 bn 

The value of Britain's 
Common Market food moun- 
tain increased by 75 per cent 
to £1.4 billion last year. The 
Times was told yesterday. 

A report from Sir Gordon 
Downey, the Comptroller 
and Auditor-General, said 
yesterday that between 1978 
and 1984. the value of UK 
intervention stocks rose by 
676 per cent to £799 million 
at the end of 1984. But the 
Intervention Board for Agri- 
cultural Produce said last 
night the value of the food 
mountains had risen to 
£1.406 million by the end of 
last year. 

Sir Gordon said that there 
was little sign that stocks 
would diminish. In the year 
to last September, wheat 
stocks increased eight-fold. 

and barley stocks almost 

Later figures were available 
for beef, butter, and skimmed 
milk powder, and in the 12 
months to the end of last 
October beef stocks rose by 
85 per cent and butter by 
more than 20 per cenu while 
skimmed milk powder stocks 
fell by 68 per cenL But Sir 
Gordon pointed out that the 
storage problem was taking 
up an increasing amount of 
public expenditure. 

Because the United 
KingdorrT’s interest rates 
were higher than those in 
other Community countries, 
and because intervention 
reimbursement was based on 
average costs, the Exchequer 
had been forced to meet 
intervention overheads of 
£34 million 


Letter from Tororo 

The monk major 
takes command 

One does not expect to last weekend 
find a Benedictine monk The story - was the same 
setting up a road block but everywhere. Soldiers, from 
desperate times have be- the north, particularly 
fallen Uganda again and Ananyas from Sudan, once 
strange measures are being loyal only to idi Amin but 
taken. brought back to L'ganda Iasi 

A lorry load of soldiers September to bolster the 
came slowly down the road forces of the Okello regime, 
from Mbale. They caused straggled along the roads 
some anxiety as marauding stealing every vehicle they 
government troops were in found. They stole food and 
the area. With everyone clothes and’ frequently shot 
wearing the same uniform it local people as they passed, 
was difficult to tell whose But some who had walked 
soldiers they were. more than 1 00 miles were 

But the lorry had "Tororo too exhausted and traded 
Diocese" written on the side their machine guns and 
and was escorted by Father ammunition to the local 
John Neudegger. a Benedic- people for bunches of ba- 
tine monk from Germany, nanas or just discarded 
driving a pick-up truck. He them, 
deployed the soldiers around Tbe villagers have not 

the road block he had set up ^ sJow lc ^ rC venge. .A 
wrth a tractor tyre. refugee at the Kenya border 

A bustling, kind-faced 21 soldiers fiad been 
man. dressed in shorts, speared to death and one 
open-necked shirt and desert ^Qn^j t0 death after he shot 
boots, he is known a flee- a gj r j 
tionately in the village as The Ananvas have an- 

Major John. olher 250 miles to go before 

I am a missionary but I they reach home and they 
am also concerned about vvilf have to pass through the 
security, he sad, explaining ten-iiory of three hostile 
that he was afraid that the tribes. Few will make u. 
marauding bands, cut off There 

were repons of 

tram their route north, heavy shooting and looting 
would turn back on Tororo. al SoroU and Mbale on 
The group, said to be Thursday and there is con- 
Achohs like the leaders of rern f or expatriates as there 
ihe former military regime, has been no contact with 
had been based at them since then. 

Tororo.But when they heard of ih e main roub?s nonh 
the rebels were taking Kam- ft-o m here, two are blocked 
pala they turned on the by forces loyal to the NR A. 

i 00 . tin S killing a ^d on jhe 0 dier a bridge 

before fleeing northwards to has been destroyed by villag- 
iheir home. ers. This iraps these ex- 

.At Ginja, Major James iremely dangerous men in a 
Thompson, the second-in- jo-u^ie arC north of here, 
command of the nine-man Some oFihe Ac hoIi lroops 
British Army training team. j n Tororo commandeered a 
took three soldiers loyal to tra j n l0 t h em to Gulu. 
the new government to the their home town, but reports 
town to try to stop the 5™ stopped in Lange 

!fr tin !L ® ul w ilf D /P ore and the soldiers massacred, 
defeated troops from Kam- Meanwhile, the NRA is 
paia poured into Ginja, he trying to form an admin- 
reaiized the task was impos- j S inmon in Kampala and 
sible and returned to the push troops north to the 
barracks where about 1?0 strale gic Nile crossing at 
men who have thrown in Kanima Falls. To the east, 
their lot with the victorious however, they are relying on 
National Resistance Army, Uganda army garrisons 
stayed at lhetr posts. defecting to them. There is 

Their commander. Major n0 NRA ^son at Ginja 

£ nc . estimated norat anvWn further easu 

that 10,000 fleeing troops 

had passed through Ginja Richard Dowdell 

Today's events 


A programme of South 
American Music for classical 
guitar: John Zaradin. 

Larenham Guildhall: 7.30. 

The choir of Magdalen Col- 
lege: London baroque: 

Sheldonian Theatre. Oxford: 8. 

Bournemouth Chamber Mu- 
sic Society concert: Schubert 
recital by Ian Partridage (tenor) 

Solution of Puzzle No 16,947 


and Jennifer Partridge (piano). 
Toluol Heath School. Rothesay 
Rd. Bon memo Orth. 7. 30. 

The Aranjuez Guitar Trio. 
Fareham and Gosport Drama 
Centre. Osborn Road, 
fare ham. Hants.. 7.30. 

Piano ana voices at the parL 
South Hill Park singers and 
pianists. South Hill ParL 
Bracknell 8. 

Talks, lectures, films 
Ice age mammals, illustrated 

Solution of Puzzle No 16,957 

- •a - . 3'.:. rn ..■a. tj 

ani - ^gBs wya p g iiMfJ l 

■ n 


. • n,/ w* •. w • I 

lu, m -o 

■•is re 

u s K-ijOvn- rs-. 

anaESo. ■ WBBS5BC3S RES 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,958 

.4 prize of The Times Atlas of World History will be given for 
the first three correct solutions opened next Thursday. Entries 
should be addressed to: Saturday Crossword Competition. I 
Pennington Street. Ltjndon EL The winners and solutions will 
be published next Saturday. 

The winners of the January is competition are: Rev F 
O'Connor. Campion Hall. Oxford: Mrs T If Segg. 5 Market 
Square. C rev.- kerne. Somerset: Mrs D Green, nj Gnrn Lane. 
Sr Albans. Hertfordshire. 

lecture. National History Mu- 
seum. 3. 

Music and musicql in- 
struments of China, with 
demonstrations by Joanne 
Brooke. Homimau Museum. 

Tomorrow's events 

Talksjilms lectures 
.Art and society in Jane 
Austen's England, by Jane 
Gardiner. 3. 30; Victoria and 
Albert Museum. SW7. 


Concert by the Halle Or- 
chestra. (conducted by Sir 
Charles Groves), Manchester 
Free Trade Hall. 7.30. 

Concert by the Scottish 
Ensemble with Ulrike Anima 
Mathe (violin): Dansarena. 
Fort Street. Ayr, 7.30. 

Music for Candlemas. The 
Thomas Weelkes Singers and 
the Winchester Ensemble. St 
Michael's Church. Winchester 

Flamenco performance by 
guitarist Steve Biancardd. 
Riverside Studios. W6. 1 2-Z 

The pound 

Mana«giiaM aBal 

■■■■■■■■ wm 


AustraBaS 2.07 1.95 

AinunSch 24.55 20JS 

Belgium Ft 72.50 68.70 

Canada S 2.09 ZOO 

Osnmaih Kr 13-00 1Z3Q 

Finland Mkfc 7J1 7J1 

Fnwce Fr 10.74 iai9 

Germany Dm ZSO 3-32 

GrtflCeDr 255 225 

Kong Kong S 11.35 10.8S 

Ireland Pi 1.165 1.1B5 

turtyUn 2430 2300 

Japan Yen 287 271 

Nemetland* Qd 394 375 

Norway Kr iaS4 10 J9 

Portugal Esc 226 215 

South Africa Rd 155 3.25 

Spain Pla 219 207 

, Sweden Kr 11.03 10.46 

3wit>enand Ft ZSt 2-82 

USAS 1.48 1.41 

Yugoslavia Dm 560 500 

Rates iw small denomination Dank notes 
wiry as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rales appi, to travellers 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Retail Price Index: 378-9 
London: The FT tnjtpt dosed up 4.6 at 

In the garden 

Even an unheated green- 
house is inviting enough for 
some gardening on an inclem- 
ent day - alpine plants which 
thrive in a cold greenhouse are 
growing in popularity every 
year. But cold or warm, a 
greenhouse needs cleaning ev- 
ery so often - washed down 
inside with water laced with 
detergent and a dash of Jayes 
Fluid. Wooden houses may 
need a coat of painL 

Dislodge green algae growth 
between the overlaps of glass 
with a thin plastic label and 
wash it out with a forcible 
spray. Light being more im- 
portant than heat in a green- 
house. in the low sunlight in 
late winter and early spring the 
glass should be cleaned outside, 
as well as inside. 

In eight weeks time we will 
be cutting the grass again. So if 
the mower needs servicing, 
have it done soon before 
everybody else has the same 
idea. If it is an electrical 
machine, have it checked for 
safety by a maintenance firm 
with the necessary equipment. 

Bulbs are pushing through 
now and some traders are 
worried in case they may suffer 
if we have a severe cold spell. I 
think they should be alright 
however, if you have bulbs, 
especially in tubs, and if we 
have frosts hand and continu- 
ous enough to freeze the soil 
and bulbs, ! should be prepared 
to bring them indoors if 
possible. The earliest of our 
snowdrops have been in 
bloom. For the breakfast table 
it is fun to pick irises, put them 
next to the unsier and watch 
the petals snap open. Slugs love 
the buds of these flowers so put 
down plenty of slug bait or 
liquid slug killer. 

if you have left leaves on 
beds or borders, or applied 
them as a mulch it is a good 
idea to stir them around now 
and then with a rake. ' rh 

Snow Reports 












■■■■■ m 




I Snri of music considered to be a 
puzzle ini, 

4 Raise demand Tor be tier quality 

10 ti s old hat to take paraffin as 
medicine (0.31. 

11 Rovao.y classes w photography 
la hi (51. 

t- Praised in advance for being 
full* oc.upicd f5--> 

15 Eas'em capital dominated the 

'jowsomc >earsagot7j 

!•: Il's no use taking a pound for an 
old VurdtSi. 

|5 C ollege mes*iah?l8t 

18 i*u% nummaicd tor football cud 


20 Risk for a icsicr lo Ouocn Bess 

23 Pieman said to be sinct 
Praie-Uant <~l 

25 We find French translation 
atrocious t^t 

2 b In ihesc dajs letters take the 
grratcr pan ofu*o months! (5). 

27 Fairly slow movement by the 

French king lo give quarter in* 

28 Si Bernard “■■ith message wanted 
io per in ( 81 . 

29 Carbon copy here misused as 


1 Footwear doubly useful when 

2 Chats with old companions (7). 

3 A succession of awful plastic 
ducks 19). 

5 Palmer's forebears who founded 
Plymouth (7.7). 

6 Popular - but non-U. with shaky 
reputation 15). 

7 Tonic is in locker with reminder 

8 Aims lo pul up painting in 
entrance in studio (6). 

9 Gallant compere presents van- 
anonson Walton's «<orfcl8.6i 

Id Not going anywhere, girl ts 
struck by presem<9|. 

17 Non-suck construction tech- 
nique f 3-5). 

19 Poet and his clothes- they are m 
vital need of airing ! (71. 

21 This mvstic is not a don't know 


22 Maintenance required Tor part of 
casilr in India? 1 6). 

2d Disconcerted by audition? (5). 



L U Piste 


Igis 25 115 good 

Windswept new snow 
St Anton 115 330 good 

Wind crust oft piste 
Seefeid 100 150 good 

Good skiing on all pistes 

Courmayeur 160 300 good 

Excellent powder skiing 

Isola 2000 195 250 good 

Many runs closed 
La Plagne 130 330 good 

Excellent skiing but windy 
Megeve 110 190 upper 

Excellent piste conditions 
Morztne 85 200 good 

Excellent skiing everywhere 

Conditions Weather 

Off Runs to (5pm) 
Piste resort - °C 

varied worn cloud +2 

varied fair good 0 

powder good fine +5 

powder good snow 0 

powder good snow -10 

crust good sun -2 

good heavy fine +2 

fair good fine -1 


Andermatt 90 180 good powdergood snow 0 

Lower runs only open 

Davos 120 190 good crust good cloud O 

Good skiing conditions 

Grindelwald 85 135 good varied good snow -3 

Some lifts closed 

Murren 100 ISO good varied good snow -3 

Strong winds limiting skiing 

Villars 65 17D good crust good fair +3 

Snow affected by high wmas 

These denote Thursday 5 figures 
In the above reports, supplied by representatives of the Ski Club 
of Great Britain, L refers to tower slopes and u to upper, and art 
to artificial. . 



Births: Sir Edward Coke, 
jurist, Mileham, Norfolk. 1552: 
Louis Blanquu socialist, Pugrt- 
Theniers. France. 1805: Dane 
Clara Butt Southwick. Sussex. 
1872; Fyodor Chaliapin (Feb. 13 
new style), Kazan. Russia. ; 
1873: Hugo von Hofmannsthal, 
poet and dramatist, Vienna. 1 
1874 | 

Deaths: Rene Descartes, 
philosopher. Stockholm. 1650: 
Mary WoMstonecraft, writer, 
author of Frankenstein. Lon- 
don. 1851: Piet Mondrian, 
abstract painter. New York. 
1944: Busier Keaton. Wood- 
land HilL California. 1966. 


Births’. Giovanni de Pale- 
strina, at Palesuina. Italy, 1525 
or 1526. he died in Rome on 
lhis day. 1594; Nell Gwyn, 
London. 1650: Havelock Ellis. 
Croydon. 1859: James Joyce, 
Dublin. 1882. 

Deaths: John L Sullivan, 
bareknuckle boxer. Abington. 
Massachusetts. 1918: Bertrand 
Russell. 3rd Earl Russell. 
Penrhyndeudraeth. 1970. 

Today is Candlemas - the feast 
which celebrates the Purifica- 
tion of the Blessed Virgin Mary 
and the Presentation of Christ 
in the Temple, 


One of the most reward- 
ing limes to recruit 
Chairmen. Managing 
Directors or their 
deputies is on Sunday 

It’s then lhai some 
47. S% of them turn 
10 ihe pages of The 
Sunday Times - a fig- 
ure which leaves al! 
other national news- 
papers, magazines and 
periodicals well in the 
shade, as the BMRC 
1984 Businessman sur- 
vey confirms. 

AH in all. The 
Sunday Times is read 
by over 4 million 
people (source: NRS. 
April -September 1985) 
yet is more cost-effect- 
ive in reaching ABCl’s 
under 45 than any 
other newspaper. 

For a mere £65 per 
single column centi- 
metre (plus VAT @ 
15%) they're all yours. 

To reserve space. 

write to Shirley Maigolis 
Classified Advertise- 
ment Manage*. The 
Sunday Times. 200 
Gray’s Inn Road. London 
wax 8 £2. Or phone 
01-837 1234 or 01-833 



A strong, cold NE air- 
stream covers the British 

6 am to midnight 

London. SE, control S, E Angfta, E 
Mktaido: Dull, occasional ran or stent 
more persweni later perhaps until some 
snow; wnd ME strong, locally gale. Max 
temp 3c (371). 

E, cantnt H, IE England, Boiden, 
EdntHWBb. Dundee: Dun. Bgfit rain or 
sleet at tunes, snow on hUla; wind NE 

! T&»SS5L^ mS' p s. 4 wS 2; 

w mu up KBs, aw kngonci ou warn: 
Mamty ctoudy. occasional ram or steal, 
snow on hWs; wind NE Iresft or strong. 
Max temp 5c (411). 

Channel blends: Ctoudy, rain or start 
at omes, posstty snow Ester: wind NE 
strong to gate. Max temp 4c (391). 

ILWrfes, NW England, Lake DtaWct 
late of Man, Aberdeen, SW Scotland. 
Glasgow, Central Mglianda, Ami, N 
Ireland; Mostly cloudy, occasional dnz- 
zte or Bleat m places, snow on hilts: wind 
NE fresh or strong. Max temp 5c (41 f). 

Moray Firth, 74E. NW Scotland, 
Orkney, Shetland; Mainly dry, bright 
intervals, wind NE moderate or hash. 
Max 5c temp (AH). 

CMm* tor tonvnomw and Monday: 
Lfttta general change. 

High Tides 












London Bridge 





London Bridge 

















133 1142 





11 S 













114 1127 



11 49 

10 7 








5.0 10.55 

4 7 









4 16 









4.8 1025 










5 41 

4 9 













5JM 232 
6.7 10.38 









11 33 





83 1030 




79 1123 




















4 20 





















■MMILM44 flBVWl 


64 10-51 


Milford Haven 



11 48 









62 10.45 




3.6 10 08 




3.4 11.10 










4 7 



12 11.19 








3 45 















4 15 




4 A 















62 11.49 





















Tide measured bi metres: 1nu&2G08fi 

Around Britain 

o-triiu* s*iv nr-olur sltv ana cloud: r 
I 0 .“ITJf 341 • ring. a-drlZTio. h. 

Itv 1 - r ram 5 -snovv iti- 

IhundefMorrn. iKshowori 
Amnvc show wfnfl direrllon. wind 
imwii fitrlM. Tp'nvcraiuri* miu- 

1 Qrooc 


7.40 am 

Sun sets 
4.60 pm 

Sentmro - 25 

Bm&ngton - .02 


Lowestoft - .01 

Clacton - .07 

Margate - .01 

Folkestone 02 .01 

Haattogs - .16 

LJH “oon sets: Moonnses: 

10.12 pm M0 sm 
Last quBHw tomorrow 

TOMORROW Sunrises: Sunsets: 

7.38 sm 451 pm 


a 39 duR 
4 39 cfufl 

3 37 OouOy 

4 39 dull 

5 41 ctoudy 
5 41 doudy 

5 41 cloudy 

4 39 ctoudy 
B 43 cloudy 

5 41 ctoudy 
8 *3 doudy 

6 43 ctoudy 
6 43 ctoudy 
8 43 cloudy 

6 43 snowers 

ft iWB Moonnsea: Moonsets: 

1.10 pm 10.29am 
Last quarter < At am 

Lighting-up time 


London 550 pm to 7.08 am 
Bristol 5.29 nm to 7.17 am 
E ffi nUMipi 515 pm to 756 am 
Mu ache sto t S 21 pm lo 7.23 am 
P enzanc e 5-46 pm to 7.25 am 


London 521 pm to 756 am 
Bristol 5.31 pm to 7.16 am 
Edinburgh 5.16pm to 7.34 am 
Manchester 5.23 om to 7.21 am 
Penzance 5 47 pm n 7 24 am 

Weymouth 1.8 

Exmouth 5.6 

Tetynnoiith 4.6 

Torquay 3.7 



Jersey 57 . 

Guernsey 4.6 

Sc«y Isles 4.1 .15 

Newquay 5-0 .56 

Sun Ram 
his m 


Tenby 42 04 

CptaynBey - Ofl 
Moracambe - .02 
Douglas - so 


a * • ■» 

Airpt . ,15 
Gn sio l (CM) 0.4 
Canfi«(Ctrt| 1.8 

- .05 

Manchester - 22 

N o atoflh am - 24 

Wc**Tm* - 09 
Carkato . Q83 

Eakdatomufr . .17 
Praam** . .03 

6 43 cloudy 
5 41 doudy 
5 41 dud 

4 39 dull 

5 41 cloudy 

7 45 sunny 
6 43 sunny 

Jlrae 21 .06 

Stornoway 3.1 .02 

Lerwick 52 

l- 5 07 
Kmtaas 0.2 .04 

Aberdeen - 

St. Andrews 
EWnbugh - 


Bette* - 26 

1 34 Steel 

4 39 showers 

5 41 rain 

6 43 bright 
6 43 sunny 
5 41 sunny 
5 41 bright 

4 39 ctoudy 

5 41 drizzle 

These denote Thursday’s figures 



MtOOAV: c. etouefc a. drizzle: f. fas: tg. tog: r. rain: s. sun: sn. snow: l thunder. 

hb, isSSBi : fisss- c ii 

i’sa- :3£Sk. sagISS H 

C F 

r 7 45 Cologne 
I 17 63 Cphagen 
I 20 68 Corftj^ 
1 7 45 DuMto 

fSSST * 16 6? . I? If !SS2? C ‘ J IS sg samtego- 

crewi. I. law; r. 

Bristol r 
Canto* a 
EdMNirgti r 

Glasgow d 

al midday yesterday- c. 
ram: a. sun. 

C F c F 

4 39 Guernsey c 4 39 

2 36 Inverness c 1 34 

4 39 Jersey c 4 39 

4 39 London c 3 37 

3 37 Wncteuer r 3 37 

4 39 Newcastle r 3 37 

4 39 fTiMsway C 4 39 



newspapers lim 

Pr,n . ,rd 4nd punmrwd r>y 
NJW' Inurn-Uional Llmilefl f 
Priinnvwii Slrrfl. London. El. Tele- 
wwne o» 481 fioo. Saturday Sto 
ruarv 1 . I9S6. HeteJrmi as * 
newsDaocr al ttw Port Ortioe 

B Aires' 
Cape Tn 


1 Ifi 61 Faro 
c 19 66 Florence 
c 25 77 Frankfurt 
f 6 43 Gibraltar 
c 1 34 HetetoU 
I 21 70 Hong K 
c < 45 buMbnidi 
c 3 37 IstaatHM 
c 2 38 Jeddah 

5 3 37 Jalwm* 
c 3 37 Karachi 

6 32 90 LPshnss 
s 20 68 Lisbon' 

& 24 75 Locarno 
C 13 55 Luxambg 

c 11 52 Nbaml* s 23 73 Swlri® 0 
r 10 50 Mten r 5 41 Sapors 

’ A * *1 -9 16 sSKSm 

JESr 1 S 12 2 ***** 

C 2 38 Munich 
r 9 46 Ntorabl* 
c -2 28 Haptos 

S 3 37 Sydney 
s28 62 Tangier 
c 17 63 Tel Aviv 

^ « IS 3 17 63 Tenarile 

c -9 16 LAngete* 
Chctecti* s22 72 Madrid 

37 Sf* ^ ’2 52 6 -1 30 Ti 

S 7 ?^ S 27 BI Oslo C -3 27 Tf 

3 ? iSSSST i S 12 &S5. c 1 34 v 

on 3 ?? F Pettifl 8 0 32 Vi 

68 lwSS? 8 I IS 11 Ee* s & 81 V 

gassu a'fifSSw. J ISS 

« LtoSte ' 1 ¥ 1 17 63 W 

rajtoSS?* r 16 61 Mj VnM* 
tlenoias Thtasday's flguras are latest av«lteaie 

8 '2 30 s ID 

r 6 43 Toronto* c .5 
c -3 27 Tunis c 11 
c 1 34 Valencia 
8 0 32 VancVer r 7 
s 27 81 Venice r 4 
• 3 37 Vienna c 2 
*j 1 34 Warsaw an -J 
1 17 63 WaMrten* s -£ 
C 17 Wefngtn* s 19 
s 31 88 Zurich ) 3 

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