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‘■flgr fruni 


w ap law, 

No 62,374 



The modem 
way to woo 

Roses are red, 
violets are blue, but 
today's Valentines 
are bored stiff with 
them. They prefer 
something a little 
more original. Find 
out how to keep the 
modem sweetheart 
sweet . . . 

Bigger babbles 
How glamour came 
back to the 
Hammers - and 
paid dividends 

Turkey trotting 
The carpet sellers 
and Walkmans 

The perfectly 
book - and how 
to write it 

3**: - 


• t 

lY FEBRUARY 7 1986 


Thatcher into 
Ford-BL retreat 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

.C^birwi ministers forced being left with no final option House that it 
the Prime Minister into a but to accept the defeat. Government's ini 
sharp about-turn yesterday, _ The Seertury of State for jeci to satisfac 

r " uu “' jvauduojr, i lie jcLicuii y ui juiic iui 

vetoing Fort’s takeover talks Trade and Indusrry,Mr Paul 
* n a ?’Bnal and Chan non, who had told the 
rebellious reassertion of col- Commons only 24 hours 
lective cabinet responsibility, before that h would be 
. Mrs Margaret Thatcher’s “ridiculous** and “foolish" 
imags of strong leadership not to explore the Ford-BL 
was further shaken last night merger option, was instructed 
by the whirlwind BL crisis; to go bade, to the House again 
but she had been left, with no yesterday to announce: “We 
alternative but to back down have decided that it would be 
after a clear majority of the wrong for the uncertainty to 
Cabinet’s powerful economic continue and that the right 
affairs committee had drawn way to end it is to make dear 
the line on the Ford talks, that the possibility of the sale 

After a mass Commons of Auslin Rover w Ford wil! 
revolt led by Mr Edward 1,01 ** pursued". 

There is £4,000 to be won in 
today's Times Portfolio com- 
petition — doable the ostial 
amount because no-one won 
yesterday. Portfolio list, page 
22; bow to play, information 
service, page 32. 

held at 

Mr Louis Farrakhan. the 
American black Muslim lead- 
er notorious for anti-semitic 
remarks, arrived at Heathrow 
from Chicago yesterday - in- 
tending to fly to Lagos, and 
was held by immigration 
officers until his onward 
flight was arranged. The 
Home Secretary imposed an 
exclusion order on hint last 

Madrid blast 
kills admiral 

Vice-Admiral Cristfibal Co- 
lon, a direct descendant of 
Christopher Columbus, was 
assassinated in a grenade 
attack on his car in Madrid. 
His driver also died. The 
Basque separatist organiza- 
tion ETA was suspected 

Page 5 

Defence anger 

The Labour Party reacted 
angrily to American criti- 
cisms of its defence policy as 
the USAF announced that U 
was withdrawing 24 aircraft 
and a thousand servicemen 
from Britain Page2 

Couple jailed 

A young couple who em- 
barked on a Bonnie and 
Cyde style series of armed 
robberies shortly after their 
wedding have been jailed 
Page 3 

Pound firmer 

The pound rose more than a 
cent to $1.40 as oil prices 
picked up to $16.50 a barrei. 
The sterling index rose 0.3 to 
73.9. The threat of higher 
base rates has eased with the 
pound's recovery. Page 17 

Haiti defiance 

President Duvalier's grip on 
Haiti appeared weaker as the 
island's middle-class com" 
mercial community refused 
to cany on with business as 
usual despite tough govern- 
ment measures Page 7 

Fraud trial 

A senior British EEC official 
took pan in a £1.8 million 
fraud involving a single 
counterfeit cheque, the t_en- 
tral Criminal Court was 
told 3 

Snow forecast 

Cold weather yesterday 
brought confusion to the 
roads. Persistent frost and 
more snow showers sue 
forecast Pase 32 

Actress dies 

Dandv Nichols, famous for 
her portrayal of Aif Garays 
wife in the television senes 
Till Death Vs Do Part, has 
died m hospital in London 
Obituary, page 14 

~ -ntfgMSrnMBS 

rsPEClAL KtrJftTj 

Sussex Universitv started a 

revolution !B e **?f l HL l I l 
the 1960s. A. Special Report. 

looks at how it 
promise ' 

Heath on Wednesday night, 
Mrs Thatcher, already weak- 
ened by the Westland affair, 
was cornered by the outright 
opposition of her ministerial 
colleagues to the Ford option. 

One government source 
said that the decision was a 
reverse and it had been 
necessary to swallow it and 
get it out of the way at 
maximum speed. Another 
excited source has said that 
the Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer, Mr Nigel Lawson, had 
been the Prime Minister's 
only ally. 

One minister said last 
night, with evident satisfac- 
tion: “Collective responsibil- 
ity is now working". 

After a one- hour cabinet 
meeting at No 10, the 
economic affairs committee 
went into session for a 
further hour and the debate 
went round and round the 
table with the Prime Minister 

Joseph to 
defy exam 

By Lucy Hodges 
.. Education Correspondent 

The new GCSE examina- 
tion for 16-year-olds will go 
ahead despite a boycott from 
the »two bi^esi teaching 
unions. Sir . Keith Joseph, 
Secretary of Stale for Educa- 
tion and Science, said yester- 

He said courses for the new 
exam would begin this au- 
tumn, as planned, and the 
training programme for 
teachers would continue. 

“The Government does 
not intend to postpone the 
GCSE,” he said. “Parents 
and their children will not 
understand a refusal by 
teachers to implement the 

The new exam, which 

The announcement was 
widely welcomed by Conser- 
vative rebels who said that a 
cloud of doubt and damaging 
speculation bad been lifted. 

But Mr Heath, the former 
Prime Minister, said that the 

Parliament 4 

Government had done noth- 
ing to alleviate the “very real 
fears and anxieties” that had 
been expressed by Conserva- 
tive MPs about Genera] 
Motors taking over the re- 
mainder of British Leyfand. 

He asked: “Is it not in fact 
accurate to say that what is 
proposed is a complete take- 
over by General Motors of 
British Leytand and control 
would then go to Detroit? 

“it is to that which so 
many of us are strongly 
opposed and we shall main- 
tain our opposition.” 

Mr Channon told the 

AJLA t'V n • 


House that it was the 
Government's intention, sub- 
ject to satisfactory terms, 
conditions and undertaking, 
that the General Moiors-BL 
negotiations should be 
brought to an early and 
successful conclusion. 

He said that he hoped “it 
will not be long" before he 
could inform the House of 
tiie results of those talks. 

He also said that negotia- 
tions should now be bunched 
for the “separate privatiza- 
tion of Unipart by an early 
placement of shares with UK. 

Mr John Smith, the Labour 

L j. S. -"3-2S 

\ ' 



' m 

^ . ... 


^ouftiaH? tiie the Labour The Prince and Princess of Wales on their way to the ski slopes at the start of their win- 
Partv had not forced the foci ter holiday in Kiosters. Switzerland 

of the secret talks between TZ “ I Z 

Ford and BL, the talks would 1V/I /ww 1 1 

still be continuing. IyAJL SI LiUl 

He asked “why talks which ^ « 11 

are clearly not now in the TfYI* 1 11 1 1 

public ^interest were ever A Vi 1 UU 

Government sources said Westland 

last night that the choice for 
ministers had been between T1CIT%A1*CL 

an acceptance of responsibil- UuUvi 3 

ities to the taxpayers and «£ pmiIh Wrintnr 
sound economic judgement By Phihp VVebster, 

and a grubby political reality. Political Reporter 
That reality was forced on M r Michael Heseltine yes- 
ministers by Wednesday terday injected fresh contro- 
night's double revolt when versy into the Westland affair 

Dirty hospitals to 
lose immunity 

Bv Richard Evans and Nicholas Timmins 
National Health Service shared the “widespread 

hospitals with unh>gier.ic and 
infested kitchens will soon no 
longer be immune from 
criminal prosecution, Mr 

concern" about the state of 
hygiene in some hospital 
kitchens. . 

.Although existing food hy- 

Norman Fowler. Secretary of gjene legislation and regula- 
Statc for Health and Social lions did not apply to Crown 

Mr Heath had led an open 
abstention by 10 MPs on the 
government back benches, in 
a vote on a Labour attack 
against the BL talks. 

The government majority 

Condoned on page 2, col 6 

Hope for exports boost 

Russia trade plan 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

Britain and the Soviet 
Union yesterday announced 
a new long-term economic 
and industrial co-operation 
programme which the Gov- 
ernment said should help 
British firms to win exports 
worth billions of pounds into 
the next decade. 

The five-year programme, 
which could be extended for 
another five years, has been 
drawn up under the British- 
Soviet Joint Commission. 

Mr Paul Channon, the new 
Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry, said that there 
were good prospects for 
British companies to export 
to the Soviet Union, and he 

sions. The commission’s 
meeting has been postponed 
four times since last year, but 

when he told the Commons 
defence committee that sum- 
maries of key documents 
provided to it by the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry 
were inadequate. 

In another serious dash 
with the Government, the 
committee, at the prompting 
of its senior Labour member. 
Dr John Gilbert, demanded 
to see the- full text of the 

Dr Gilbert said that Mr 
Heseltine had made a serious 
charge that the committee 
was being misled in materia! 
respects on the instrectioos of 

The papers are 'he minute 
of October 4 from Mr Leos 
Brittan, the former Secretary 
of State for Trade and 

■vw . j. — ’ - 01 suue ltd inuic <uiu 

Mr Alexei Manzhulo, the ^ 0 ^, t0 the prime Minis- 

Cnvraoi Hontihi Fnn»ion TwnP ■ 

Soviet Deputy Foreign Trade 
Minister, stressed that this 
was due to the appointment 
of a new trade minister and 
not to the expulsions. 

The new programme cov- 

ter, and the note of October 
18 of a meeting between Mr 
Brittan and Sir John 
Cockney, chairman of West- 
lands. which Mr Heseltine 
has argued would prove that 

- ■ r- oas mgutu m/niu piurt uwi 

ers a much wider cross- ^is advocacy of the European 

raivtinn r\€ ii\JliCtn4l 9nfl ■ f . _ 

^ O tev^Tnd CSB 

and puts less emphasis on the advantage of the trading 

sfeMS & 

S?£S‘n MolS I'll S^MtaTMuS 

“JS? “““ m companies tendering for So- 

EtoiXT National Union of contracts or hoping to 

iSs tl - - N “»- f msse™* 

tSUI? drtM SSBFSJSIuta' on°The 

section of industrial and 
technological projects and 
services and is expected to 
involve British companies in 
building factories and pro- 
duction facilities in Russia. 

Mr Alan Dark, Minister 
for Trade, said at a press 
conference that the outlook 
for UK trade with the Soviet 
Union was given a boost by 
Mr Gorbachov's visit in 
December 1984. He set a 
target of a 40-50 per cent 
increase in trade turnover 
between the two countries. 

solution for the company was 
consistent with government 

On Tuesday the committee 
was sent summaries of the 
two documents. Sir Brian 
Hayes, Permanent Secretary 
to the DTT, said in a letter 
that ministers did not think it 
“appropriate or in accordance 
with the normal conventions” 
to make the full documents 

But Mr Heseltine, explod- 
ing within minutes of die 
start of his long testimony the 

ucitcccii uit I.™ start Ol nis IOUE lesuiuuuj iuc 

After sragnating m the taw hope that the 

1970s and early 1980s, LK might begin to die, 

exports to Russia grew by 65 ^ checking the 

StEnS E? 


So^ief Union rime lasf year's 
S^eniing^Jjay .i.-ror-.a. diplomnuc expul- 

£2 3bu Di 

that statement because it *A(**JUU MSM 
could only cause confusion A new record-breaking 
and anxiety for pupils ana takeover bid was launched in 
parents. . .. the City yesterday for Distill- 

He said teachers should ^ ^ j^aig -whisky to 
remember that the national G orc j 0 n's gin company 
programme of preywraaon / Jerernv Warner writes), 
has started and that the nrst Argyll, Mr James 
stage - training me tnmera Gulliver’s supermarkets 
- was successfully completed up ped the bidding in 

in time. the auction for Distillers to 

The second phase - train- fl3 billion, 
ing heads of department Gulliver also launched 

was going ahead. “Now istne g scal hing attack on 
time for teachers to, begin Gu i noesSi the brewing and 
attending training seminars, retailing group which agreed 
he said. "These seminars are ^ billion merger terms 

per cent in 1984 over 1983 
and the trade deficit was 
reduced by more than half to 
£119 million. The UK has 
traditionally maintained a 
healthy trade surplus with 
Russia in manufactured and 
semi-manufactured goods, 
which reached a record high 
of £492 million in 1984. 

Details, page 17 

£2.3bn Distillers bid 

s said. "These seminars are ^ billion merger terms 
Continued on page 2, col 5 with Distillers last month. 

He said Guinness's claim 
that the merger would create 
a new force in the interna- 
tional drinks market and 
would be good for Britain 
was “pure marketing hype”. 
His own company had the 
management resources and 
expertise to revitalize the 
scotch whisky producer. 

Guinness's agreed takeover 
of Distillers has yet to be 
cleared by the Government, 
which may refer it to the 
Monopolies and Mergers 

Details, page!7 

stated that after checking rite 
original documents against 
the summaries, the summar- 
ies “glossed over” views that 
were held at the time by 
certain key participants. 

In a confident performance 
before the committee Mr 
Heseltine later directly con- 
tradicted the Prime Minister 
over a meeting of ministers 
which he said had been 
planned for December 13 

Mr Heseltine told the 
committee that if that meet- 
ing had taken place the 
history of events would have 
been different, and “Westland 
would by now have been 

Bat he said: "We know 
that it was the Prime Minis- 
ter who said there would be a 
meeting on the Friday. We 
know it was the Prime 
Minister who cancelled the 
meeting- There is no doubt 
who is responsible for the 

Bristow disclosure, page 2 
Photograph, page 2 
Geoffrey Smith, page 4 

More than a butt of sack for the poet 

From Michael Binyon 

America will soon i*s 

first poet laar ^ ate * il P Jf s,d 5r 
Reman has signed the de- 
creeTand within a few weeks 

pie, joined President Kennedy 
at his inaugural in 1961, and 
recited The Gift Oatright to 
the millions who watched. 

The laureate title will be 
added to that of consultant in 
poetry, a position the Library 

Cre e , aim — — . poeuy, » |wmuvh •**»- 

a federal versifier-«t-toge m ^ Congress in Washington 
to be chosen, available tor ^ maintained for more than 

WC** 1 

Heme New £-4 

Appts 14 ^ 

Architecture M 

Xrts . xl 2? 

Business **« 

Leaden D 

Letters " 

Mowing " 

Parliament * 

Srie Room M 

Science ” 

Snow Reports 32 


Theatres, etc 


inaugarations, Indep*»«*“ 50 years. The same person 
Day celebrations, the erection wfl j hoW appointments, 
of monuments, launching and trill be chosen by Mr 
ships and diverse other m&P*- Daniei Boorstin, the Con- 

cions occasions snffiaOTUy librarian, 

momentous to fee rendered jjj e new laureate will have 
immortal. the mundane task of respond- 

No one has had the title of ing to requests froragovent- 
ooS Smcate in the United men! agencies needing the 
S*; “h^forg. although sever- occasional ode. 
*T!£F**vE* the Dr John Brodeifck, the 
MtiS^aremoaie with their assistant librarian responsi- 
inspire- bte for porfy, aid tbere 
S^Robert Frost, for exam- would prohUSTy have to be 

* * * * * * 

some kind of veto to deflect Senator Spark Matsunaga, a 
requests that might be too Hawaii Democrat and himself 
prosaic for the muse to take a dabbler in the poet’s art. 
wing; a Pentagon unveiling of Distinguished poets who have 
a new anti-tank missile: the held the one-year post of 
cleaning up of a toxic damp; consultant in poetry include 
the annual Christmas offering Robert Low el L. Alan Tate, 
of a screeching, fat turkey to Robert Penn Warren and 
the President Stephen Spender, the only 

The laureate will be more non- American chosen. 

richly rewarded than his 
British counterpart. Instead 
of £70 a year and £27 in Ben 
of a bett of sack, the 
American poet will get a 
stipend of $10,000 (£7,000) as 
laureate and 535,000 as 
poetry consultant His only 

There is no him yet on 
whom the mantle will falL 
But the laureate could make 
his debut at a White House 

. Mr Reagan’s favourite 

Services announced last 

His decision to introduce 
legislation this parliamentaiy 
session to remove the historic 
Crown immunity enjoyed by 
hospitals follows ail-party 
Commons pressure in the 
wake of the Stanley Royd 
Hospital food poisoning trag- 
edy which claimed the lives 
of 1 9 patients. 

There have been 211 out- 
breaks of food poisoning in 
hospitals in the past six yeare 
affecting 3.969 people, of 
whom 279 died. 

A survey by the Institute of 
Environmental Health Offi- 
cers lest vear showed that 600 
out of i,000 NHS hospital 
kit: hens broke food health 
regulations and 97 of them 
would have been liable to 
prosecution, but for Crown 

Mr Fowler’s decision, 
which follows an urgent 
review after the publication 
last month of a highly critical 
report into the case of Stanley 
Royd Psychiatric Hospital in 
Wakefield, was immediately 
welcomed by Mr Richard 
Shepherd. Conservative MP 
for Aidridge-BrownhiUs. who 
has introduced a private 
members' Bill to scrap Crown 


He said it was “a real 
victory for com monsense 
since there was increasing 
evidence that protection from 
prosecution was not only 
against patients' interests but 
actuallv dangerous to their 
lives.”' The Government’s 
Bill is expected before Easier. 

In a written Commons 
answer to Mr Shepherd. Mr 
Fowler said the Government 

Peres vow 
to avenge 

From Ian Murray 

Mr Shimon Peres threat- 
ened yesterday to strike back 
hard if there were any 
terrorist attacks against Is- 

The Israeli Prime Minister 
was speaking after Mr 
Ahmad Jabril, commander of 
the Popular Front for the 
Liberation of Palestine Gen- 
eral Command, had warned 
the public not to fly on 
American or Israeli aircraft. 

Mr Jabril told a news 
conference in Tripoli on 
Wednesday: "We cannot be 
responsible for what may 
happen to them. The Ameri- 
cans and Zionists have inau- 
gurated this new method. 
They can expect to reap the 

He was referring to Israel’s 
interception of an aircraft 
which it wrongly bejieved to 
be carrying Palestinian lead- 
ers who had been attending a 
radical conference in Tripoli. 

Mr Peres answered the 
threat in a speech to the 
Zionist Executive Council. 
"AH those who dare to strike 
at us must know that we will 
respond." he said. Security 
had to be Israel’s priority. 

He has admitted that the 
interception was “a mistake". 
Intelligence sources here now 
say iHere were three similar 
executive jets leaving for 
Syria, and one did have 
wanted Palestinian leaders on 

buildings, including hospitals, 
it had been government 
policy for many years that 
health authorities should be^ 
have as if they were covered 
by them. 

But the Government had 
decided that stronger safe- 
guards were needed to under- 
pin management effort and 
protect patients. . 

Private hospitals are al- 
ready liable to prosecution. 
In the case of NHS premises 
with unsatisfactory kitchens, 
local health authorities will 
face the prospect of court 

Mr Fowler said the pro- 
posed legislation would be 
coupled with tougher guid- 
ance to the health service on 
measures to ensure- high food 
hvgiene standards. 

The Government has de- 
cided to introduce its own 
Bill rather than support Mr 
Shepherd’s measure, which 
proposes doing away with 
Crown immunity at all gov- 
ernment premises. 

The move received a warm 
welcome from National Asso- 
ciation of Health Authorities 
which warned, however, that 
considerable extra funds 
would have to be spent to 
bring some hospital kitchens 
up to scratch. 

New pressure, page 2 
Parliament, page 4 

leak at 

By Peter Davenport 
and Pearce Wright 
Eight hundred construction 
workers ai the Sellafield 
nuclear reprocessing plant 
walked out on strike yester- 
day in protest at the handling 
of the escape of radioactive 
plutonium mist 
The men, who are part of 
the 4,000-strong workforce 
engaged in a £3,500 million 
expansion programme at the 
Cambrian plant, complained 
that they bad not been 
informed about the amber 
alert at the complex on 
, Wednesday. 

British Nuclear Fuels, who 
operate Sellafield. insisted 
they had informed union 
officials about the release and 
added that the protest was 
expected to end today. Bet 
the controversy surrounding 
tbe latest incident continued 
with calls from environmental 
groups for its operation to be 
closed down. 

Last night Sellafield was 
again reprocessing unclear 
waste. The building where tbe 
radioactive mist escaped from 
a faulty pump nnit, was also 

Parliament 4 

Leading article 13 

working normally, although 
staff had been instructed to 
wear protective safe masks as 
a precaution against contami- 

An inquiry by the 
Government’s nod ear safety 
experts from the Nndear 
Installations Inspectorate has 
started. The inquiry, demand- 
ed by the Health and Safety 
Commission, will go beyond 
establishing the events lead- 
ing to the leak, and look 3t 
the wider management impli- 
cations at Sellafield. 

But a preliminary report 
from the safety inspectors 
concludes that "the leak has 
been well contained”. 


against union 

Channel deal 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher and 
President Francois 

Mitterrand will sign the 

high food The High Courl yesterday 
. . granted an injunction to 

t nas ae- fj ews Group Newspapers 
‘ ,ls againsi the union Sogat 82 

ipport Mr Qver die priming of the News 
re, which 0 f t ^ c j n Manchester, 

way with • I -j ie orC [er, which takes 
it all gov- from II am today, 

, requires Sogat to cease inier- 

a warm f er j ng with ihe company’s 
Bn “ A »o- contract with Express News- 
minorities pap^ for t he printing of 
rever, that nor them editions of the 
a funds newspaper . 

spent to The union is ordered to 
I kitchens nefrajn f rorn inducing em- 
ployees of Express Ncwspa- 
■e, page 2 pers to black the News of the 
it, page 4 World or to refuse to print or 
handle it. 

eac ^ l® 51 ,w0 

weekends more than two 
ilcher and million copies of the newspa- 
Francois per have been lost because 
sign the Sogat members at the Man- 

Channel Tunnel treaty in the Chester plant have obeyed 
Chapter House of Canterbury union instructions. 

Cathedral next Wednesday. 

Kinnock ban, page 2 

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obligation will be the presen- Sam McGee and The Skoot- 
tation of at least one major ing of Dm McGrow* which 

poems are The Cremation of board. The wrong jet was 
r. — 4 ct — ** 1 iniercepted. 

work of poetry a year. 

The post is the culmination 
of a 20-year campaign by 

he recited in their entirety to 
nurses when he was recover- 
ing from his cancer operation. 

There has been a mixed 
reception in Israel to the 
decision to force the aircraft 

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US official’s attack 
on unilateralism 
angers Labour Party 

By Rodney Cowton> Defence Correspondent 
The Labour Party reacted power, they would adopt the men 

to end all 

By Frances Gibb 



: I J iH NLfi « LH 

” of its defence policy by Mr they were preaching. 

Richard Perle, a United Mr Kevin Macnamara, a 

-■ States Assistant Defence Sec- Labour Party defence spokes- 
reiary. man, said that what could 

The moves came as it was lead to the break-up of the 
announced that 24 military Atlantic alliance would be ill- 
. aircraft and about 1,000 informed lectures by uneleci- 
- Servicemen are to be with- ed representatives of the 
drawn from Britain by the American Government. 
United States Air Force Mr Perle had completely 

will mount for the 
abolition of Grown immunity 
„ . . , .. . , , for all government buildings 

“f* those would be after the annonneement yes- 
offset by the arrival of 750 ten ja y that hospitals will no 
there or at MoJeswonh, longer be covered. 

I toM IC r^ tt iS Today a private member’s 
be based, fry ^ 988. The US gju comes before the House 
Air Fona presence in that 0 f Commons for its second 
area willtherefore, be broad- fading. It would end Crown 

ly unchanged. 

immunity under the Food 

United States Air Force Mr Perle had completely 
; beginning in the spring of misrepresented the basis and 
next year. nature of the Labour Party’s 

In a lecture delivered in policy. He should ask himself 
' * London on Wednesday eve- whether he wanted an ally or 
ning. Mr Perle said the a satellite. 

- Labour Party's policy of •The decision to withdraw 
"’r “aggressive unilateral ism” the American aircraft and 
- . had an almost unique poten- Servicemen was announced 
tial for the destruction of the by the USAF yesterday as a 
' ' Atlantic security relation- result of an annual review by 

American Government. ©Five anti- nuclear cam- ^ rWjgs a * 1955 and 

Mr Perle had completely paigners vrere arrested for make Tjj government 
misrepresented the basis and damaging the fence as thou- nremises liable to insoection 
nature of the Labour Party's sands of protesters blockaded nroseeution if thev did 
policy. He should ask himself the Moles worth base yester- cESupto foe required 

whether he wanted an ally or day in snow and sub-zero standards., 
a satellite. . temperatures. _ _ At an central aov 

, ships. 

the USAF of its worldwide 

He said other differences commitments (the Press As- 
; could be accommodated, sociation reports). 

-* “but something as fundamen- .The changes involve the 

temperature. .... At present aD central gov 

The blockade marked foe enunent buildings (but not 
fi , ret r a ^ IV ?7 a P' ? local authority buildings such* 
ai of Mr Michael Heseltine, ^ schools) enjoy Crown 
who was then Secretary of immunity, an ancient com 
State for Defence, at mon ja W principle that no 
Moleswonh to give the go- proceedings, either criminal 
ahead for clearance of the ^ civil, can be brought 

“• tal as the unilateralism of foe withdrawal 

withdrawal of 18 RF-4C mated by police at 3,000 and renditions' in Crown bufld- 
Phantom reconnaissance air- by foe CND at 5,000, arrived suc { 1 ^ m^ons, police 

? aft K -5 om u- Alco 5 b ? y r ?1 n i S ! board hundreds of mini- government offices 

Cambndgeshire and 6 F-11IF buses, coaches and cars to ^ until now hospitals foil 
swing-wing bombers from stand or sit in the snow meet ^ standards re- 
Lakenheafo in Suffolk. Six of around the perimeter fence. quired ^ legislation 
the Phantoms will be rede- The police made a point of J Food and DragsAct 
ployed in Europe and the allowing through vehicles 


The demonstrators, esti- 

against die Crown. 
This means that 

British Labour Party seems Phantom reconnaissance air- 
: 10 me foe only threat that l craft from Aiconbury in 
can imagine that could lead Cambridgeshire and 6 F-UIF 
. to foe sort of divergence that swing-wing bombers from 
. could destroy foe integrity Lakenheafo in Suffolk. Six of 
- and foe effectiveness or the the Phantoms will be rede- 
Atlantic Alliance**. ployed in Europe and foe 

He thought, however, that remainder will go back to the 
■ it was “rather unlikely" that United States to replace 
parties with those or similar losses there. 

I views would come to power. As a result of those 

Handsworth to be 
part of £8m 
initiative on jobs 

ByStepbefl Goodwin, Political Staff 

The Government yesterday North Central. Middles- 
launched a new initiative to brougb, the Highfidds area of 
improve job and business Leicester and Moss Side iq 
prospect s in selected inner- Manchester, 
city areas with high ethnic Mr Clarke said that small 
minority populations. Two of task forces would be cstab- 
tbe target areas, St Pauls in lisbed in each area to work 
Bristol, and Handsworth, Bir- with the local authorities, 
ra m g ham , have been the communities and voluntary 
scene of fierce street violence, organizations, and would 
Mr Kenneth Clarke. Minis- seek private sector participa- 
ter of State for Employment, tion. 

told the Commons that the Mr Prescott said the staie- 
Govemment wanted to inten- meat implied that the Gov- 
stfy and bring together the enrmem recognized there was 

efforts of government depart- a connection between social 
merits, local councils, the disorder and race riots and 
private sector and local foe extraordinarily high rates 
communities in eight small of unemployment among eth- 
inner-city areas. nlc minorities in fopep areas. 

Within these it intended to JMr Jeffrey Roobg, whose 
try out new approaches, Birmingham. Perry Barr cou- 
particularly on tra i n i ng and stit u e nry i od i de part of 
setf-employment opportune- Handsworth, warned Mr 
ties. This would be tackled Clarke not to be misled by 

■ I views would come to power. As a result of those away to be 
and even less likely that, in -changes, about 785 Service- hypothermia. 

EETPU executive Kinnock 
delays crisis talks maintains 

By Michael Horaneli . -IjTCSS DflU 

The executive of foe International over a legally By Anthony Bevins 
electricians' union, which was binding no strike deal at Mr Neil Kinnock last night 

instructed by the Trades Wapping. held a House of Commons 

Union Congress on Wednes- if fo e EETPU were sus- press conference from which 
day to stop co-operating with pended or expelled, the representatives of News In- 
_ . News International at TUC's long-standing ternatioual newspapers. The 
Wapping, will not meet until Bridlington procedures which Times , The Sun, The Sunday 
. next Tuesday to discuss its prevent the poaching of one Times nod News of the World, 
- ™ s P onse- S!)[X, 24 hours be- union's members by another were excluded. 

, fore the TUC deadline for would be suspended, thus The Labour 

The police made a point of ^ Food ^ {w a* 
allowing through vehicles 1955 ^ ^ Health and 
with hot soup and other Safety at Work Act 1974, no 
provisions, but by lunchtime proceedings can be 

nw peopte hadto^taten brought apSttiSme respon 

si We even if the conditions 
result in serious illness, grave 
injury or death. 

Yesterday Mr Clive I Mr Alan Bristow disclosed 
Wadey, assistant secretary of I yesterday that shortly before 
foe Institution of Environ- f foe Westland shareholders’ 

meeting he was offered a 
£2.25 million profit on foe 
shares he then held and a seat 
on the board by Sir John 
Cuckney— if he would switch 
his support to the Sikorsky- 
Fiat bid. 

Mr Bristow claimed that 

Mr Michael Heseltine, leaving home yesterday to appear 
before the Defence Select Committee (Photograph: Chris 
Harris) Report, page 32 

Bristow ‘had offer 
to change sides 9 

By Robin Young 

through projects of direct 44 many of the setfrap pointed 
benefit to local residents and windbags who maraud our 
to their environment. inner cities as so-called com- 

“We «hgn seek to stimulat e raunity leaders but who have 
enterprise and provide a 2 vested interest sometimes 
stronger base for foe local *» making sure solutions are 
economy. We shall give oot met”, 
special attention to the prob- Mr Kenn e th Clarice said 
tems of young people from afterwards that the mam 
gihnir minorities where they purpose of each cask force 
are particularly 'would be to maximize the 

disadvantaged", Mr Clarke effect of existing pro- 

said. gram me s. . 

Bui the £8 million alloc*- 

ed by the Government to get Jjjj* J2 

the initiative off the ground 

mm hv iwnin. veastsubly compact and bad 

Mr Alan* Bristow^ disdqsed tat mid :UM II am_ wffingto « derided hiQ-ih. ^SpfoyS.' 

compliance runs out. 

opening foe door to an inter- 

Tbe Labour leader broke 
bis formal linlt< with parlia- 
mentary lobby journalists last 

Mr Tom BreakeU. presi- union membership war. mentary lobby journalists last 
dent of the 350.000-mem- The EETPU, which would week when, after a Labour 
ber union, yesterday told the te informed of its suspension Party National Executive res- 
EETPU executi ve that foe by letter if the TUC orders it, olution. he said that because 
TUC had found it guilty of would be faced with some of the industrial dispute over 
conduct detrimental to the finely balanced advantages Wapping be would “not 

union movement- and ' disadvantages in foe accept questions or other 

But original plans to call 3 e vent of union fragmenia- approaches from journalists 

special meeting of foe execu- ij on . " employed by ' News 

uve were ailed off in fevour ft could lose its political International” Because News 

of next Tuesday s normal c j 0 ut as an affiliated body in International journalists 
monthly meeting. negotiating with government alone could not be excluded 

If foe union mils to comply and industry. But in industri- from his Thursday lobby 
with the TUC instruction by a ] relations expulsion could briefings, those meetings 
foe next day it faces suspen- work for and against EETPU. were cancelled, 
sion and ultimate expulsion While some employers His office yesterday invited 
by foe full Congress on a card might prefer to collaborate selected journalists to a 
vote in September. with other unions to deny foe private meeting 

That could lead to a foil- electricians recognition Representatives of the Dui- 
“55 cStd??* ^ ri S hts - olhere 305 «pecred to fy Moil and foe Yorkshire 
..tio„c PU d ** encouraged to recognize Post said they would not 
ainiiated unions. them and negotiate. That attend. But journalists on the 

A big sticking point is could mean an influx of Guardian, Financial Ti mes. 
likely to be foe TUC general members. DaiJv Exatess. Mirror, and 


It could lose its political 

of next Tuesday's normal clout as an affiliated body i 
monthly meeting. neaotiatina with eovemmer 

affiliated unions. 

A big sticking point is 
likely to be foe TUC general 
council's demand that 

ly Mail and foe Yorkshire 
Post said they would not 
attend. But jocntalists on the 
Gua r dian, Financial Times, 
Daily Express, Mirror, and 

foe Institution of Environ- 
mental Health Officers, said 
he welcomed foe decision to 
abolish Crown immunity for 
hospitals. But the 
institution's campaign always 
had been for removal of 
Crown immunity across foe 

“Obviously we have gone 
for hospitals first because it is 
in these establishments that 
deaths have occurred. 

There also was concern 
that nurses' premises, for 
example, did not always meet 
the required standards under 
housing laws; and hospitals 
with their numerous chim- 
neys and boilers might not 
comply with anti-pollution 

At present foe problem 
waa that foe environmental 
health officers did not even 
have access to government 
establishments under foe 
Property Services Agency, 
which included the Customs 
and Excise offices. Inland 
Revenue and Paymaster 

Tint institution would be 
pressing for an end to Crown 
immunity each time that 
there was an opportunity for 
the Government to review 
the law. 

Other groups are also 
pressing for abolition of 
Crown immunity. The Na- 
tional Association for the 

say is that both meetings I 
assumed to be confidential 

MPs. Mr John Prescott, 

assumed to be confidential Labour's employment ■ “One purpose of the 
Each time J met him Mr spokesman, said it was “a project win be to take more 
Bristow told me that he mQQSe of a statement com- advantage of the Race Rela- 
wanted to be rhfl.nrtaw of P 0 *** 1 10 SGale °f lions Act provisions giving 
Westland. Apart from that f proMem”. • . opportunity to channel 

am not prepared to say 
where, when, or what was 
discussed at meetings which 

problem . .foe opportunity to channel 

Mr Clarice said in his training specifically to racial 
statement that the Govern- minorities where they are 

>MAvi« Vio<4 ffilCC tC d nwftoe 4 S«mI— o ■■!>■» — *» t> A mIjI 

were supposed to be confi- which were diverse in charao- 
rtomial Thai >c nnt urav I ter but whose residents 

areas disadvantaged," he said. 
!E£ The overall rate of onem- 

Sir John, who is chairman of dential That is got foe way * ml J* 0 * 6 residents p | 0ymenl ^ fo e areas 
Westland, and Sir Gordon to do business." s?»*d probtens of depnva, from 21.5 

White, of Hanson Trust, Mr Bristow denied he bad H on oppottum- dotting Hill to 3SL5 per cent 

arrived unannounced at a been guilty of any breach of ue f- .... _ _ , . fo Handsworth. Youth imem- 

he ^ with Mr confotence. “No one asked ployment ranges from 31 per 

Hubert Faure, senior execu- me to trrat foe meeting of HSr or S’ in th l 1 ! re ^j^ cent in Netting Hill to 56 
tive vice-president of January 16 as confidential If Hill and North per cent in Handsworth. 

Sikorsky’s parent company, they had, I would.” Sir m kmdon, the 

uu uuMuesA. 1 — r . ranges from 21.3 per 

Mr Bristow denied he bad H on oppoxtum- j4 0tt ^g Hill to 38 J 1 i 


been guilty of any breach of ue f- .... . ~ m Handsworth. Youth unem- 

confidence. “No one asked ..In addition to St Pauls and ranBes f™ 31 ner 

■■ mm? 5 l < j5 mand lhal Financially, the EETPU from foe Press Association, Care and Resettlement of 

EETPU should not enter a would benefit from not hav- BBC and ITN, said they Offenders is particularly con- 

. single union agreement at ing to i»y affiliation fees to would be there if they had foe ceraed about prisons Wre 

Wapping where Mr Rupert foe TUC and save on foe time. fo ere ; s no ^ arraneement 

Murdoch’s four New^lmer- cost of conferences. But they Mr James Whiteman, of equiUteni to thaTfoJ 8 ^- 
• na ‘ 1 ° na '^f, arc would lose TUC gram in- foe Daily Telegraph, told The tais allowing environmental 

The EETPU was the only come for education. Times: “I am not answering health officers access to 

• union to negotiate with News 

of food ‘a 
timebomb 9 

By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent 

The continued existence of 
Europe's food mountains rep- 
resented a “time bomb” 
which could blow up its 
agricultural policy, Mr Frans 
Andriessen, foe EEC Agricul- 
ture Commissioner, said yes- 

In the dosing address to a 
conference in London, on foe 
day after foe European Com- 
mission announced its latest 
form price proposals, Mr 
Andriessen said it would be 
irresponsible to ignore the 

That was why foe Commis- 
sion proposed to begin this 
year its £1800 million pro- 
gramme to dispose of surplus 

“By any commercial stan- 
dards, foe way in which we 
accumulate and maintain 
such stocks is absurd,” he 

So, far from stabilising the 
market, they permanently 
destabilized it. “The longer 
we keep them, foe more 
expensive it becomes to 
dispose of them.” he told foe 
conference, organized by the 
magazine Agra Europe. 

Prices may be frozen, page 7 

education. Times: “I am not answering 

Parliament, page 4 fo e question”. 

health officers access 
advise on good practice. 

United Technologies. 

“They wanted me to do 
something which I thought 
was entirely improper”, Mr 
Bristow said. “They also said 
it was about time foal I got 
foe recognition I deserved for 
my services to British indus- 
try. I think it is quite 

Mr Bristow said that it was 
foe second offer he had 
received that day to buy out 
his shares. “The other 
camefrom an independent 
source. It also spoke of foe 
possibility of some public 
recognition, but did not 
include a seat on the board. I 
have had another snch offer 
since, but I will not say from 

Sir John confirmed that be 
had met Mr Bristow twice 

Joseph to 
defy exam 

Continued from page 1 
being provided in school 
•hours and foe Government is 
funding 90 per cent of foe 
cost of supply cover for 
teachers released to attend 
these seminars up to a total 
of £8 million expenditure” 

John’s suggestion that be had Cbapeftown area of Leeds, - 

indicated a desire to be - ■ — - ■ 

chairman of Westland was “a svt^C 

wonderful distortion of foe 7k. |J vJ. 

truth”. - 

Mr Bristow’s version was PlCIch 

that Sir John asked him vImijII 

whether he would consider 1 • 

becoming chairman. “I said I OH lllf*Tfl 
would have to consider it, 

but as I was not told what foe By N*K*otas Timmins 

salary would be, foe terms of Social Services 

contract, or foe terms of Correspondent 

reference it would have been * . . . . 

impossible to say more. - . S ”J or obstetricians 
“Obviously if the terms ov £ 

were right l would have to by Mrs Wendy 

consider any offer of foe Savage ofa birth ova- w hich 
chairmanship very seriously she is accused at professional 
indeed, but it would be quite incompeIenCe ’ 
unbusinesslike for me to Mr John McGarry, the 
request such a thing.” senior consultant obstetrician 

Geoffrey Smith, page 4 



BL retreat 

Continued from page 1 

on the Labour motion had 
been one to nine, but that 
slumped to an 86-vote major- 
ity when the Government 
had called for support in 
pursuing all options for foe 
nationalized group which had 

incompetence. «wiu«iuiis wjui urc 

mTST McGarry, the m 

Ii.T had been in a coma 
said be did not believe Mrs imMifai fm- m 

per cent in Handsworth. 
Synod derision, page 32 




A father told an inquest 
yesterday how be put his sou 
aged 10 in care in an effort to 
stop him glue-sniffing 

For four years after Billy 
Smithson returned home his 
lather thought he was cured- 
bnt foe schoolboy was still 
experimenting with drugs. 
He died two weeks ago, aged 
14, after inhaling petrol from 
a moped during a party. He 
had been in a coma in 

The preparations, including I received £2.2biDion in grants 
. • — 1 and a further £1.5biUion in 


gramme and the extra train- | gua ran tees since it was na- 

Britain’s planned Hotol and foe US Aercspaceplane (top) with foe Lockheed (above left) 
and Nasa models of foe hypersonic “Orient Express,” research for which is going ahead. 

Spaceplane, British style 

By Pearce W right Government has decided this 
Science Editor week to support with a £3 

million study. Another ver- 
Competition is building sion has been prepared by 
between foe United States French experts. 

in any way recognise foe 
enormous amount of addi- 
tional work required of teach- 
ers who will have to rev- 

... . 1 olu lionize foeir syllabuses, 

00851 *** JUSt I 311(1 docs 1301 recognise the 

ing from September 1986 tionalized 10 years ago. 
onxrard* were unprreedented Among those who failed to 
Mr Nigel de Grucny, depu- vote in the second motion 
sccr ?? r y % were Mr Michael Heseltine, 

^ Mr Francis Pym and Sir Ian 1C1CIICW w ^ 0 r spem 

mdhon was a “drop in foe Gilmour. all former Conser- eight ^ouiT ftTfoe sSSSd 

enormous amount of addi- Dr Savid Owen, the leader baby safely delivered by 
tional work reouired of teach- of *bc Social Democratic faesanan section. As the 

SETS 'JFbtSidrS 5™* Smithson said 

w ^ “6“ after a coroner 

H^Auttori^is d “ th ** 

nusadventnre: “I want to 

S of medical practice, 

which was “potentially haz- “T ™: W 10 

ardous to the unbOTnchild”. 

- a taw to punish youngsters 

Mr McGarry also made h who start sniffing glue to stop 
plain that he did not believe others from trying it.” 
that _ Professor Jurgis Mr Smithson, a pipe layer 
Gru dnnska s , head of obsxet- -of HiUson Drive, Fareham, 
ncs at foe London Hospital, Hampshire, who brought two 
who helped to frame the children up after his wife left, 
charges against Mrs Savage, said he discovered Billy was 

had taken a disinterested sniffing glue when he found 
view of the case. him reeling in foe bathroom. 

Mr McCarty’s comments rv-i , 
wre read out to foe inquiiy 1 WO u€lU OVCT 
by Mrs Savages cousd, Mr , . . , 

John Heady, as he was cross- kilUl attSiCKS 
examining Professor T . , . 


The woman in i 
referred to as Mrs S 

waking up. 

The British Hotol and the 
proposed American vehicle, 
capable of speeds in excess of 

and Europe to be foe first to . Mach 25. were intended by 

build a spaceplane. The emphasis placed by fo e ir designers for sending 

The encouragement given R . ea e an . 00 3 «st passen- payloads cheaply into orbit 
to foe American aerospace pane has roused public The British project is based 
industry by President Reagan fascination, _ but it has qd an innovation which 
in his State of the Union clouded foe issue a little. The should produce a cheaper 
address was for foe building design teams are all working spaceplane. It has air-breath- 
of the “Orient Express” a on foe same basic idtt. It is engines for foe first phase 
relative late entrant to foe *o combine new, light air- 0 f for ^ j-rJJZir 

field which it is pjanned will fame materials with ad- Si roU gh the atmospher^B? 

feet that industrial action in 
foe 1985 salaries dispute has 
crippled a large part of the 
operation beyond the point 
of no return.” 

If foe exam went ahead, 
“unholy chaos” would reign, 
Mr de Gruchy said. 

The Secondary Examina- 
tions Council which is re- 
sponsible for introducing foe 
new exam, estimates that 

of foe Social Democratic caesanan section. As the 
Party, said last night “In- tabour dragged on she was 
competence is foe hallmar k given a syntocinon drip to 
of the BL just as speed up foe contractions of 

incompetence underlies the ber uterus. 

Westland affair” Mr McGarry, who re- 

Snealrin® in Watwr W- Vlewed CSSCS OD MlS 

the Government knew foe 

said: “We cannot buy British 
if there is nothing British left 

mice S' over several hours to descend 

Sue rf “ “ff”*’ P 61 ™ 

uuuuug. 0 f a woman who was over 6ft 

Two Asian men were being 
questioned last night by 
detectives from Scotland 
Yard's anti-terrorist squad 
investigating the murder of a 
Sikh leader and the wounding 
of another in incidents in 
west London. 

The attacks last month 
were directed at moderate 
•leaders in the Sikh communi- 
ty in foe Southall area. The 
two men were held when 
detectives raided an address 
in south Loudon. Police are 
also seeking a third man 
suspected of being the gun- 

/ ** rt 

^ Mil* 

' 4-' 5 

* 3 

9 f'l'i * * 

■aln t ! j 

* K 

The Conservative Party's 
present difficulties were era- 

be capable of flying in low vanced “scramjel” ' engines to ^Sg lnd bu^ing oxy- 
earth orbit from Washington construct a plane that buai ^ ^ air B 

to Tokyo in two hours. incredible performance. hydrogen on board, ii avoids 
A design of such a vehicle ft could cany freight into the penalty of carrying all the 
was produced last year by orbit or it could pick up fiiel load at take-off The rest 
British Aerospace with its passengers at breakfast time of foe acceleration outside 
Hotol (horizontal takeoff and in London and unload them foe atmosphere is provided 
landing) project, which foe in New York as Americans by more normal rocket. 

teachers' attendance rate at pbasized last night by Mr 
foe current training courses is George Gardiner, a 

Sharkey pair 

He stated: ** It seems 1 held by IRA 

extremely curious to me that The mother and sister of 
this case is used as an the pop star Feargai Sharkey, 
example of poor management Mis SibeaJ Sharkey and ber 
on Mrs Savage’s part. married daughter. Ursbla 

Professor Grudzijiskas ar- Gifford, were held hostage 

between 60 and 75 per cent 
despite foe union boycott. 

backbench Conservative loy- 
alist. who said in Streactham. 

“There is no way we can go south London: “The over- 
back now because all foe whelming majority of Tory 
preparations are in train,” Sir MPs remain loyal to Mrs 
Wilfred Cockcroft, the Thatcher and are sick to 
council’s chairman and chief death of this assassination 
executive said. campaign.” 

gued that he would not have 
used syntocinon so late in foe 

esterday for more than five 
ours by six masked IRA 

day and would have consid- gunmen in a house on foe 
ered a caesarian delivery outskirts of Londond erry’s 

several hours earlier. 





Wtucn MduflBS Louis XVI Armoire. Bod. GraneSsuw dock. Georgian Secretaire Book Case. Sets of at* Jooobean Cham. 
Mirrors. Pamtngs. Prints. Franco Ctock Set. Large Mkrg Snjfe BtMfWtute Vase. Georgian Bureau, Rosewood Ftre Screen. 
Chaise Louige. Queen Anne Cocktail Cabinet aid msny others. 

Carpets and Ruga Sdk Hereka, fine Isfahan. SiA Qum. I9tti &20iti Century Caucasian. Sedde Bags. Kefims. Batters 

and Other pieces of exceptional note. 

AUCTION: SUN. FEB Bth at 3.00pm 
at Hampstead Auction Room 
28 Roadyn Hfll. Hampstead London NWS 
VIEWING: SAT. FEB Bth from 10.00am fifi 5.00pm 
balungton granpe ltd 
TELEPHONE: 01 -79* 5912 

Leyland’s truck ride through trouble 

Rv Clifford w ok u ? ew range «f tracks made in 
* feffer ta dories by a much 
Motoring Corres pendant sfomned down workforce. 

T a — ., . , - . , . The irony of what has 

Leyland s problems with its happened aace b that foe 

truck operations began Co 
look ominous as long ago as 
foe late 1970s. 

While most of its European 

mals were ndmg high with European track industry, 
booming sales at home and Few firms have made 
overseas, the British company money and most have snf- 
was hampered by ontdated f ere d very heavy losses. Bat 
trucks and too many inefil- at foe same time foe most 

European poops. 

Bat with foe help of £370 such as Daimler Boorf 
milium in government funding West Germany, Volvo from 
tf was just embarking on a Sweden, and Renault of 
fundamental reorganization France, were taking advan- 
anned at providing a whole age of a similar collapse of 

range of tracks made in sales in the United States to 
r factories by a much boy track companies thaw 
med down workforce. cheaply. 

^ e T > Si C e 0f fof They were moves ranch 

reorgan nation started back In S? I,ed ^ y Ameriran groups 
19^^s kept MqMriSmw S2 “ Gauni Motors 
of foe most difficalt periods . ., 

m the recent history of foe With the impending closure 
” ipean track indostry. 86x1 ™»fo of its track 
w firms have made “sembiy plant at Bathgate 
ty and most have suf- De2S Edinborgh, Leyland will 
I very heavy losses. Bnt completed its snrvival 

ie same time foe most 1**°- 
ssive European groups. The tracks' taboo- force 
as Daimler Benz of will have been cut front more 
■ Germany, Volvo from than 12,000 hi 1982 to about 
leu, and Renault of &SQQ oper^utikfrom only two 
ce, were taking ad van- assembly pbps, Le yland, 
of a shaflar collapse of near Preston, for general 

purpose tracks, and Scanmtel 
at Watford for “super 
heavies” for special purposes 
at home and overseas. 

It also has begnn a £9 
million modernization of its . 
Albion axles plant at 
Sco tstoan , Glasgow. In the 
meantime, it contmned to lose 
gronnd at home and overseas. 

. There has been seme slight 
improvement in domestic 
sales recently but since 1979 
output of Leyland tracks has 
follen from 30,000 a year to 
14,000. The mam problem 
has been the coDapse of 
traditional export markets. 

fartiaraent page 4 

Shan tallow. 

Police believe the gunmen 
had been setting up an 
ambush for security forces 

Times supplements 

The three Times supple- 
ments— the Educational Sup- 
piemen t, the Higher 
Education Supplement and 
foe Literary Supplement— will 
be on sale tomorrow. Distri- 
bution will be near to normal 
in most parts of the country 
except the London area. 

o® /i Sjo 



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Violent c areer of a rector’s son and a professor’s daughter 

‘Bonnie and 

Clyde’ jailed 
for spate 
of robberies 

Fro® 'Hm Jones, Gloucester 

been cugh, he 

. wu oiiu 

the teenage daughter of a 
pro 1 ^ or » of English who 
emoarkea on a violent year- 
long campaign of armed 
roobeiy began lengthy prison 
sentences yesterday. Some 

would have attempted to give 
up his life of crime because 
be realized that capture was 

Ouless, he said, rejected 
the suction that his wife 

aspects of thrir ori L. u M au esouon inai ms wue 
FSdCh 2 drt^ 1 nr ni 3 x S ’ a dominanI partner or 


Glorasto r- I ^ n - out and the poUce visited 

wSBFE C S? 11 the,r *eiraoed home m North- 

SSr‘ 0l l e &,?^„ da3 I.±: 3m P‘°° byl. drtectivK My 

Relief of 
on way 

Briton in £1.8m 
fraud, court told 

A senior British EEC oflfi- steal between January and 
cial based in Brussels was July 31, 1984, and conspiring 

By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services 

involved in a cross-Channel 
fraud aimed at cheating a 
City stockbraking firm out ol 

between the same dates to 
use a false instrument 
Mr Langdale said it ap- 

? ... 

•* ■-■ 

A drug used to treat breast 
cancer may offer hope to 
thousands of women who 
suffer from severe breast pain 
during their monthly cycles, 
according to a study at Guy's 
Hospital, London. 

Severe breast pain. 

£i.S million using a single peared that a genuine James 
counterfeit cheque, it was Capel cheque had been used 

alleged at the Central Crimi- 
nal Court yesterday. 

A cheque for that sum, 
forged in London and pur- 

to create the forgery and 

Mr Green took the cheque 
to Luxembourg, but neither 

porting to be drawn on the he nor Mr Hamill had been 
account of brokers James involved in the counierfeit- 

Capel, was flown to Luxem- 

mastaigia, is the most com- bourg where Richard Hamill, 
raon breast problem reported aged 46, paid it into a 

to family doctors, according numbered bank account 
to Mr Ian Fentiman, the which he had opened, the 

consultant surgeon who car- jury was told. 

tied outthe study. Half of the “The scheme very nearly 

^^dins i“ August 
1984, Philip John Ouless, 
aged 26, and his bride, Jane 
Kamala. who was then 17 
started their life of crime. 

their retraced home in North- Ouless (above left), who received five years* youth custody, and her husband Philip 

ampton that detectives fully (above right), who was jailed for 15 years. 

Mr Fentiman said: ‘The 


Mr Hamill, who works in a 
section of the EEC doling 
with metals, was arrested 
when he flew to Britain in 
October 1984. 

He at first told police M a 
pack of lies", then be began 
telling them some of the 
truth, but had never told the 

understood the vicious deter- 
mination of the Ouless cou- 
ple. For the house, protected 
like a fortress, contained 
enough weapons to fill two 

had taken with him on 
honeymoon, Ouless robbed a 
bank m Blackpool of £4.000. 

Their violent “Bonnie and 
Clyde" career ended the next 
year after Ouless, who had 
terrified customers at Chel- 
tenham post office, was 

wire guarded the front door 
and a pressure plate con- 
cealed in the front lawn was 
activated to flood the house 
in light if anyone approached. 

Other items were found in 
a hut in the garden. It was 

P°f o ffl ce, was guarded by a tripwire device 
followed and brought down that could trigger off a 

by Mr Dick Whitaker, a 
restaurant owner, who chased 
him into a department store. 
Ouless, of Poppyfield 

shotgun cartridge as a warn- 
ing to intruders. 

When Philip Ouless and 
his bride, Jayne Kamala 


new patients at the Guy’s worked." Mr Timothy Lang- |jJJ {jj ra ’began 

breast clinic are sufferers/ d*. for the prosecution, %£”£*{ SSe ofT 

Mr Fentiman said ‘The tL National w«tmin«iw mn * 1 ’ but had never told the 

women show no sips of Balk i^LondSl SSSm to ^? ,e lnith ' Mr ^"Sdale 

ro°f£n d SJ£ t 55,7 “g mark^^chrou? Among several people who 
menstrual cycle and it can be ^aS *y But a clerk at Jmics had pleaded guilty to the 


is often associated with the 
menstrual cycle and it can be 
so severe that it prevents 
women from enjoying a 
social life or sexual activity." 

Most drugs used to treat 
the condition cause fairly 
frequent and quire unpleas- 

f now 
.1 the 
si dent 
red in 

Miw 1IIVIIWV Bliu IMU . I a , MUhill 

aauaily marked the cheque . Among several people who red in 
“paid”. But a clerk at James had pleaded guilty to the three 
Capel discovered their ac- fra “ d ^aJilier Benners, ieL 
count was overdrawn and 45 - ”P m Masle T nere ’ severii 

began inquiries. As a result, Surr 2* a :? m ?5 r 5 s - Dr 

the movement of the money Sf , WIt *L d 1 ® National u as 
was halted. Westminster Bank- 

Mr Hamill was to have 

2 jar,s 
21 re- 
son of 
r spu 

at tKe 
. first 
i Em- 
2 r,el!o. 

I the 
So vie 
i the 
e cx 

ay. ii 

• , , . nn a laiiiui was tv tu i»l 

SiiSStSf ftJSpSSfnS received £10.000 for assisting 

Cotm, Northampton, pleaded Mahabir, were married by his 
gmhy to nine charges of fether, the Rev John Ouless. 

robbery, one of attempted at St Peter’s Church, 
robbery, nine of having Cogenboe, near Northamp- 

fi rearms with intent to com- ton, in July 1984 there was 
nut robbery and four of nothing to indicate they were 


L--; :: •“ 

cUnical oncology unit. numbered 

In the trial, 60 women were dale said, 
given tamoxifen or an inert He and 

the movement of the money 1,auu,uu u as 

was halted. Westminster Bank- ,-ople’s 

Mr Hamill was to have Mr Langdale said that he i week 
received £10.000 for assisting was given an 18-month lamed 
in making the £1.8 million sentence at the Central Crim- >le for 
"vanish” in the un traceable inal Court on Wednesday corn- 
numbered account, Mr Lang- with all but four-and-a-hali Obote 
dale said. months suspended. He was as not 

He and David Green, aged also fined £5,000 after admil- 

placebo in a study lasting I 45. a company director, of ling conspiracy to use a false nislers 

shortening shot-gun barrels, anything but a normal happy 
He was jailed for 15 years, couple. 

His wife who faced 

But they had embarked on 

charges pleaded guilty to two a "Bonnie and Clyde” crime 
tank robberies, two post spree which took them on 

■V.Vjf Afcl-S 


more than six months and, 
according to results published 
in The Lancet today, the drug 
effectively relieved pain in 
more than 70 per cent of 
women . 

Kensington Gardens, west 
London, deny conspiracy to 

instrument. m Mr 

The case continues today. Resis- 

Aids 6 to spread 
to all areas’ 

•r the 
id the 

, Most women reported that i ^ ^11 »oi 

to all areas ^ 

r Me in'ajh^nL/ 1 ^^^ . Acquired Immune Deft- unfortunate publicity and « Ip 
■ Wi*:.: Mr Fentiman said yestcr- c,eQC ^ SywbDme is likely to panic that occurred one or wmlla 

«*«. o I day: “The lone-tenn safetv of 3™ 1 *? . ever y 3163 of two years ago”. .. . rorg 

with a boobytrap guard. ^ ^ Bnlain wlh in the next few A £3 million publicity faster 

r Whitaker’*! heln before it can be reenmmenri y ears and local health offi- campaign highlighting the >bi. a ible 

The th^foi^htwith the ed for routine trSSenL^/e . Md the faJjaries about ) del 

inman until Woman Police will be looking at this aspect Aids is about to be launched <wg£ -mui 

office robberies and to an armed raids thoughoot En- 
attempted robbery at another gland. 

post office. She was sen- Always sheltering iviimd a moved in they didn’t seem a 

fenced to five years' youth sawn-off shotgun 'which he 

WPC O'Keefe (above), who arrested Ouless, and the shed with a boobytrap guard. 

Peter Ridge said:" When they mer when he stole £8.000 Mr Whitaker’s help. 
f n P v ® d J® ffiey didn t seem a from the post office after The three fought with the 

custody. did not hesitate to use, else, but they started to buy 

Mr Chadd said: "An un- Ouless terrorized counter expensive things— stereos and 
pleasant aspect of his activi- staff into handing over mon- all sons of other electronic 
ties is that he was more than ey while his wife, whom the gadgets, 
a mere predator on banks police believe planned the Mrs Stephanie Ridge said 
and post offices. He took a details of their nine robber- their neighbours appeared to 
warped pleasure in the agony ies, waited in a getaway car. have an active sex life. She 
he imposed on others as The product of a broken said: "She was something of 

Mr Chadd said: "An un- Ouless terrorized counter 
pleasant aspect of his activi- staff into handing over mon- 

tot different from anyone firing his gun to terrify the 
else, but they started to buy staff. 

Acquired Immune Defi- unfortunate publicity and 
cteucy Syndrome is likely to panic that occurred one or remlla 
spread to every area of two years ago”. .. . 

Britain within the next few 
years and local health offi- 

A £3 million publicity ■?" istcr Hill, 
campaign highlighting the : >b'- a rble 

ties is that he was more than ey while his wife, whom the 
a mere predator on banks police believe planned the 

He ran out into the street 
brandishing a shotgun and 
tried to hide in the Gaven- 

he imposed on others as 

demonstrated by the needless home. 

was taken into 

have an active sex life. She 
said: "She was something of 
an exhibitionist, wearing 

dish House deportment store, rendezvous with her, 
but a passer-by, Mr Richard Maha bir learnt from a local 

i until woman Police *ui oe looking at this aspect n A ‘u 

Constable Nicola O'Keefe. In a current study. Longer- ^ W, u EJ2^ d /TTfJl5SI: 
aged 23, arrived. WPC *enn treatment of breast (Thomson 

O'Keefe handcuffed Ouless, cancer patients with ”!2 . w T lc ?" . . . 
After Ouless failed to meet tamoxifen will also help us to District health authorities 

evaluate any possible risks.” m **»«* encouraged by the 
~ J Department of Health to plan 

pressing of a shot-gun^ to the care by Mr Ouless and his skimpy clothes. She was a 

head of a pensioner.” wife Joan. When be failed to very sexy dresser— her clothes 
The court was told that get into university he was were lacy and men -oriented.” 
Ouless, always armed and accepted by Hie Parachute The first raid carried out 
often wearing a disguise, had Regiment, but his military . by the Ouless couple was in 
threatened to kill customers career was cut short by a near Blackpool in August 1984 
-who, on occasions, stood in fetal accident. when Philip Ouless burst into 

his. way and - that- he . fired Neighbours in Poppyfield a hawtf with the gun and 
. warning shotat- to i make;. Court were staggered amazed escaped with £4.000. 
counter staff jiunpi: to his- when details of tber couple’s OuJess’s last raid was in 
-demands.- ” ' ’ k ' J activities became -known. Mr Cheltenham last- in the 'sum-- 

. Mr Chadd said Ouless was 
devoted to his yomig wife 
and wished to provide her 
with the style of living he 
judged die . deserved The 1 
money, be was earning as a 
security officer w as not 
enough for them. 

"But it would be false of 
the prosecution to portray 
him as having dominated 
her. Experienced officers who ; 
interviewed them had no 
doubt she was the stronger 
character of the two.” 

Mr Peter Curren, for 
Ouless, said be had been 
immensfy relieved to be Mr Did MurrdL who Mr Richard Whitaker, who 
caught He said that if Ouless helped to capture Ouless. first tackled Onfoss. 

very sexy dresser-her clothes 

when Philip Ouless burst into 
a bank with the gun and 

oanK with tne gun ana 
scaped with £4,000. . 
Oiriess’s last raid was in 

activiti^ became known. Mr Cheltenham last* in the sum- 

S. s 

f" . V 1 

Whitaker, ran after him and 
brought him down. 

As they struggled. Ouless 
fired a shot; two of the store's 
customers, Mr Keith Pulley 
and Mr Dick Murrell, a 
retired army major, came to 

newspaper hoarding tl 
had been arrested. She 

that he 
: ran to 

Tamoxifen ftas proved use- for every aspect from preven- 
fol in treating breast cancer fion to treatment 

B«Masf£ aRS/t s'®!'®! 

asking a passing policeman 
for help. 

launched to see if it can 
prevent breast cancer. 

ficer. Dr Donald Acheson, by the Government before m w 

id yesterday (Thomson The national campaign, ’test at ^, ur 
Prentice writes). concentrating on newspaper ation’s 

District health authorities advertisements, will be 
5 being encouraged by the backed up by a regional ded to 

rpartmem of Health to plan confidential hotlines ch will , 

r every aspect from preven- A total of 287 Aids cases in 1 until 
>n to treatment Britain had been reported by . nce ner . 

Dr Acheson, speaking at an the end of last month, ’ ctIon . s - 
ds seminar in London, said including 144 deaths. About in FT‘ s { a 
ch preparations were need- 75 per cent of cases have 0 * die oun 
“so that the arrival of the occurred in London. But by* and ^ 

st case of Aids in a district 1988. there could be about em * 10 * 0 

first case of Aids in a district 

will not cause the sort of 2,000 cases under care 

The charges 

i rJ>- ..*w 

The ample faced «n indict- He admittui armed robberies 
was in ri t a r tes. Ouless last year at post offices - on 

■ U . U, S “arges and January 23 at Church Road, 
lu * ^fe jdmhted fire ambus Cannock (£14^39); on May 6 
wzWs? two bank raids at Derby and a t Market Street, Watford 
Ayl ZJ t 5 r L. two 1*“* (£1X204): on May 16 at The 

at Watford and Ch ettentom , B oll Ring, Kidderminster 
and an attempted post office (£&64Sk and on Jnlv 24 at The 

Military bands merger attacked 

By Rodney Cowton and 
Skhard Evans 

costs about £3 million a year justified on cost. It called 
and is at present carried out : a complete reappraisal. iaKe 

(£13^04); on May 16 at The 
Boll Ring, Kidderminster 
(£8J»4S); and on Jniy 24 at The 

robbery at Dadley. West Mid- Promeaade. Cheltenham 


Onkss pleaded 

guflty to 


Ouless further admitted rob- 

bank robberies in 1984 bing a shop at Smith Street. 

at Williams and Giya’s, 
Dickson Road, Blackpool, on 

Warwick, on October 8, 1984, 
stealing £160 and other articles 

Aagam 29 (when £4,010 was at knifepoint, and a sfaotgm 
taken); on September 26 at robbery at the High Street post 


(£3,114); and October II at 
Barclays, Buckingham Street, 
Aylesbury (£9,028). 

He also admitted an at- 

Dwby office, Rkkmansworth, 

October 26, 1984, when he 
stole £7,100. 

Niue offences of possessing a 

The Ministry of Defence 
has run into more trouble 
over its controversial plan to 
merge its three military 
schools of music into a single 
Defence School of Music. 

The costs of doing so are 
running at nearly twice the 
level expected and yesterday 
the scheme was severely 
criticized by an all-party 
committee of MPs. 

The services have 80 
bands, which cost about £31 

at the Royal Military School 
of Music at Knetler Hall. 
Twickenham, and the RAF 

The committee found that 
over a 15-year period the 

• allow 
get to 

; pe ^- ed Ja 
igadier J 13 - 

, former i 

lake a Jr " 


Music Centre, Uxbridge, both schen i£ wouJd cost more tc 
in London, and the Royal h 1 ®- •ministry admitted 

Marines School of Music at 
Deal, in Kent. 

In 1984. the ministry an- 
nounced it intended to con- 
centrate the schools at a 
single centre to be established 
at Deal, which would be 
opened in 1988. 

But the Commons Public 

under questioning that it had 
overestimated by £2.3 mil- 
lion possible savings. 

The committee said: “We 
have no confidence that the 
appraisals carried out to date 
provide justification for the 
ministry’s decision.” 

He algo admand id st- shotgun with intent and fear 
tempted armed robbery on offesces of shortening gun 


Mr Didr Mum 
helped to capture 

Mr Richard Whitaker, who office in Dudley, 
first tackled Ouless. 

October 25, 1984, at a post bands were also admitted by 
office in Dudley. him. 

million a year, although they Accounts Committee, in a 
are involved in about M00 report published yesterday. 

fee-paying public engage- 
ments every year. 

The training of musicians 

said it 

was “gravely 
by the decision 

The Government has ad 
mined that estimated con 
struction costs of the schema 
had risen from £5.8 millioJ 
to £10.6 million, and aspect] 

which it did not believe was °** 11 being reapprais 

train to 

Radical legal aid 
plan for Scotland 

By Frances G»bb> Legal Affairs Correspondent 

By Craig Seton 
The Electro, a new genera- 
tion ef Inter-City locomotives 
capable of 140 miles per 
boar, the fastest in Britain , 
has been ordered by British 
Rail in a £35 mQ&on deal 
announced yesterday- 
It wfll begin service in 1989 
on the newly electrified East 
Coast Line, first between 
London , and Leeds ami then 
between London and Edin- 
burgh by 1991, catting 10 
minutes off the 4 hoars and 
20 minutes journey time.' 

The order fin- 31 class 91 
Electros has been awarded to 
GEC Transportation Projects 
which will design and manu- 
facture the electric motors 
and control systems. 

Although the EJectra has a 
top speed of 140 mph, its 
speed on the East Coast ran 
is expected to be kept to 125 
mph to avoid extra fuel costs. 

Two jailed 
for part in 
bomb plot 

Y our invitation to a 

Radical and wide-ranging 
proposals to remove respon- 
sibility for the legal aid 
scheme in Scotland from the 
Law Society and the courts 
and place it with a new 

quango were published by the 
Government yesterday. 

The Legal Aid (Scotland) 
Bill proposes that in future 
the Scottish Legal Aid Board 
should take over responsibil- 
ity for handling all applica- 
tions for civil legal aid and 
other administrative func- 
tions now done by the Law 
Society of Scotland. 

It would also lake over tlw 
assessm ent of a person’s 
financial eligibility for civil 
legal aid, now handled by the 
Scottish Home and Health 
Department, and the bulk of 
criminal legal aid applica- 
tions. ■ 

The courts will retam 
responsibility for legal aid 
applications in the more 
serious criminal cases. 

In two particularly contro- 
versial proposals the Bill also 
outlines what is being seen as 
the first cash limit in a 
scheme which is supposed to 
be open-ended: legal aid’wOl 

in Radio 2 
music line-up 

Richard Baker and Bob 
Holness, former newsreaders, j 
are joining Radio 2. They 
will present their own shows 
as part of a shake-up of the 
BBC network. 

Mr Baker, a Radio 4 

r mter, will hoa Melons 
You. Radio 2 s Sunday 
morning programme of light 
classical music, from tne 
beginning of ApriL 

Mr Holness. a former 
London Broadcasting Com- 
pany presenter, wfljtake over 

the BBC Radio Orchestras 
Tuesday night selection of 
the best in pdpntor m * m 
the new Beauufid Music slot 
The shake-up on Radio 2 
means that each w^rday 
night will be devoted to 

S&rt <> f rousic - 

no longer be available for 
those who plead guilty in 
summary cases. 

It also suggests that the 
new board would have power 
to employ solicitors to do 
litigation under the legal aid 

Officials emphasized yes- 
terday that the measures were 
not aimed at cutting the cost 
of legal aid. 

"They are aimed at tidying 
up and streamlining a system 
which is currently adminis- 
tered across a number of 
bodies, and at ensuring the 
scheme is administered effi- 
ciently at minimum cost.” 

But the immediate reaction 
both from the Law Society of 
Scotland and that of England 
and Wales was concern that 
the proposals would result in 
a curtailing of the system. 

Last year it cost £38 

The Government has just 
announced a scrutiny of the 
legal aid scheme for England 
and Wales, now costing £320 
million a year. X^ CTe is 
concern that this, too, may 
result in a curtailment. 

Legal aid costs, page 12 

FA ticket curb on club 
must stay, judge rules 

MiDwall Football Club 
failed in its High Court 

attempt yesterday to lift the 
ail-ticket restriction imposed 
last year by the Football 
Association. The club 
claimed the move is costing 
it £ 100,000 at the turnstiles. 

Mr Justice Scott said the 
restriction imposed last De- 
cember came after senous 
trouble during the match 
with Leeds in November, and 
the dub was later cleared of 
responsibility at an FA inqui- 
ry. But the alt-ucket restric- 

tion was still in force and was 
costing it up to £10,000 a 

The dub claimed the FA 
bad treated ft unfairly, mid 
acted unlawfully 
But the judge said Miihuall 
had failed to show an 
arguable case. It was within 
the powers of the FA to 
impose the restriction, and it 
must be binding on MillwalL 
The judge granted the club 
an order for ah urgent 
hearing of its action against 
the FA. 

Two men who took part in 
a “sinister and chilling” plot 
to bomb the home of a 
former Special Air Services 
Regiment officer were jailed 
for a total of 24 years at 
Manchester Crown Court 

Mr Justice Mann said that 
the planned explosion at the 
Herefordshire home of Lieu- 
tenant Colonel Brian Baty 
had a political otgecL "It is 
unfortunately only too com- 
mon in present times and 
people must be deterred from 
attaining political ends in 
that way " 

Peter Jordan, aged 61. a 
retired teacher, of St Peter's 
Rise, Headley Park, Bristol, 
was sentenced to 14 years for 
conspiring to cause an explo- 

William Grimes, aged 44. 
who is unemployed, of 
Cherryfield Road, Dublin, 
received two 10-year sen- 
tences for conspiracy and 
possessing explosives, to run 
concurrently. Jordan and 
Grimes admitted the charges. 

A third man. Peter Lynch, 
aged 46, unemployed, of 
Runcorn Road. Balsall 
Heath, Birmingham, who 
admitted failing to disclose 
information about an act of 
terrorism, was sentenced to 
400 days, which the judge 
said would mean bis iramedi- 
1 ate release after spending 13 
months in jail awaiting triaL 
. The judge told Mr Rhys 
Davies, QC for the prosecu- 
tion: "1 would like to express 
the court's appreciation that 
but for the work of the police 
on- Merseyside and in Lon- 
don, a greater catastrophe 
would have occurred." 

• West Midlands Police said 
yesterday that a stone had 
been thrown through a win- 
dow at the Birmingham 
home of Dr Maire O'Shea, 
who was acquitted on 
Wednesday of all charges 
relating to the bomb plot. 

month in the country 


nal - 


Cornish house 


The plight of 
the heron 
Who will save our 
village schools? 



Flamboyant fashions to 

keep out the rain 


Fragrant flowers to 
challenge the frost 

Your guide to a 
solid investment 

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More tests on staff 
at Sellafield 


Pollution • Help foi 

Pollution • Help for cities • BLrow 

Private buyer for Labour ridicule 

Monitoring equipment, not in terms of nuclear 
ETME7SS3V which is extremely sensitive, material, simply undermines 

cnCTtvai gave an alarm. Staff quickly public confidence in the in- ! 

|P '■ ■ — traced die source of the escape, dustry. 

No risk 10 die public was shut off the Dow of air and Mr Goodlad: The precise 

whole of Leyland 
would be welcome 

initiative for 
inner cities 


it could be used for a foreign 

Mrs Thatcher: The British 


ger base for the local economy. 
We shall give special attention 
to the problems of young 
people from ethnic minorities 

cawed by the smaif release of inctiiuted procedures for amount of the discharge will be a private sector buyer for the erous to BL. We wish there to gg* 1 diSTvamScd. 31 * P anicuiaily 

plutonium radioacxivity from evacuating all non-essential known when the enquiry has whole of BL in Britain would be a secure future for the car imnmvi^toh J^^drftheeiefti areas were 

the main reprocessing building staff. been completed. About 50 J ?*vef? wdcome/ Mrs Mar- industry in this country and ■«"* « ■R535hirf ™ 

at Sellafield, Mr Alasteir A member of the nuclear people were evacuated and TbSdScr ibe^ Prrinr with that in mind we have 

Goodlad. Under Secretary of installations inspectorate was they are having medical tests. I said 'durine Com- taken certain decisions- '"IT* zEEr 

me mam reprocessing uunums sum. ucc«» verv welcome, tvlrs Mar- muusuy in uus wuimv auu . - A r :i.. ,U~. mncr 

at Sellafield, Mr Alastair A member of the nuclear people were evacuated and Thatcher the Prime with that in mind we have 

Goodlad. Under Secretary of installations inspectorate was they are having medical tests. I Minuter, said during Com- taken certain decisions- SjS* 

SU,., for En«sy. ^ Mft o, .sitoand l«. noiilted« Oc .Dr £VS Mr Ktawck: Sim* she dis- Si o f e,, S^ 1 a0 " SiS 



time. My department and other Cunningham's remarks about I Kinnock. Leader of the Oppo- cussed this matter in Cabinet ,hS Sir Robert Armstrong's 

interested Government depart- resisting any suggestion that I sition. ’said £2 biiiionof this morning what security. I OT^roent. announced m the opportunities, supportfortheir | ^ n?- 5 

» .. uiha) accimniVK and tvhiph nrw V-OrnmOIlS. 

in the Commons. time. My department and other Cunningham s remarks a be 

In his statement about the interested Government depart- resisting any suggestion ti 
leak be said tests on ibe staff menu were notified shortly the plant should be dosed. 

The report will be made 

shown no cause for concern. The company has estimated public and 1 endorse what he 

later said the plant had cumed, though no release was incidents. 

restarted operations today in feci discernible from their Mr Michael Morris (North- 

(Thursday) and be hoped there monitoring equipment outside ampton South, Q said it was 

jyivriuvuit uiiuvuuvw awe uyptmuiuuw. *v‘ ******* ■ - _ , ■* 

immons. local business economy and a appearwee before the De- 

in the teeth of loud laughter better physical environment. fence Select Coaumttee on 
d jeering from Labour MPs, Large sums were already Wednesday was an occasion 
said he hoped the House available to the chosen areas of considerable political un- 

leak be said tests on the staff menu were notified shortly the plant should be closed. taxnavers* monev had cone what assurances and which one '-ommons. • J® 031 wam™ wwwwy ”” “ q- . t ^ r* 

for contamination had to for ttftcrtwtrds. The report will he made hSHK? E Md t£ dt^sSvTljiSkanbe sustained In tbe-e eihof toudh.^ benerj physroJ om.™ toKSrfMt Coaumttt m 

shown no cause for concern. The company has estimated public and I endorse what he benefit would be reaped by a in the light of the international £**2£f l iS ^ ? cc ? ls . lt>p 

British Nuclear Fuels would that a very small radiation said about the necessity for foreign multinational 0 car market and the feet that !hf c o f c oosKlerafrlepotitical im- 

carry out further tests on staff release from the building of 50 public confidence and I trust jvj> said ft was a decisions would be made wrll P®*^****- He did not bring 

over the next few days. He micro-curies may have oc- there will be no series of foSgn^W TtaSer outside this country for reasons r *e Westland saga to an en£ 

later said the plant had curred. Though no release was incidents. dre Sbour^vemment that primarily woiid benefit a “ ' 21 SSSti 0 " That would have been 

restarted operations today in feci discernible from their Mr Michael Morris (North- did nov object when Chrysler multi-national outside this !5 pla ^_ tb f S ^ imao&aMe. Rot I taKwrt that 

miuisday) and he hoped there monitoring equipment outside ampton South. Q said it was a ^Soriw sW W country? D S”‘ J? Brandoa Rhya WSHrams 1 

would be no more discharges, tie building. encouraging that the manage- R notes. Mrs Thatcher One gets a Employment s existi ng t ap- (Kensington, Q said he was he may hare reduced the 

British Nuclear Fuels have The nuclear installations meat of Sellafield had a proper jvf r Thomas Torney (Brad- larger share of the market by v,s,on and £5 million from the gfed that the increasingly ur- pitch of the Controversy to a 

reported (he said) that during inspectorate has already iniii- early warning system. fotd South. Lab* In view of the the freedom of being efficient ^ aeIr gent questions which his Bor- toner level at which it may 

maimenance operations yes- ated an mvestigaifou in co- Mr Donald Stewart (Western Secretary of State for Trade and having a very good SJ1JSSLJJ? °°& Cou ncil had premri on c^ae to dondosue public 

foreign sellout- Mrs Thatcher Uj»counpytor^« Q^mton of SditioSTm w dnsi “*■ « » 

SS.ESSS’. cqmpriaag £3_ million from mplacn tboso programme* Hrat, _ tave be™ 

would be no more discharges, the building. 

British Nuclear Fuels have The nuclear installations 
reported (he said] that during inspectorate has already iniii- 
maimenance operations yes- ated an investigation in co- 

encouraging that the manage- Rootes. 
ment of Sellafield had a proper jvf r -j 
early warning system. fotd Sou 

Mr Donald Stewart (Western Seaman 

terday (Wednesday) there was a operation with the radio- Is jeT SNPlsaid the EEC iS and Industry's determination distribution mechanism. His 

ssLjssirLsL'S* 2s ^5 *S«a p, wS*S!k » «£ ^ ^ dw ,« » sfA": 

comprising £J million from replace those programmes. . 

within the Deportment of Sir Brandon Rhys WiBcams mposstme. Bat 2 suspect that 

Employment's existing pro- (Kensington, Q said he was he may have reduced the 

vision and £5 million from the gfed that the increasingly ur- pitch of the controversy- to a 

re “T ve ^ __ . , „ „ . gent questions -which his Bor- toner level at which it may 

Mr^Clarfce »dj small riask ongh Couwal had pressed on to domnute public 

forces would be esta b l ish ed in mini<am rirawint aneniion to r*. ■ r j : _ . . 

radioactivity within the main make a statement about the 
reprocessing building at incident within the next few 

source of the worst radio active 
pollution in Europe. Assur- 

daya The company is also ^ ^ British Nuclear W DI she make a statement, Mr KiimoA Does she think 

conducting ns own enquiry Sg ™ ^out uffUkn particularly in light of the that ts a precedent that should 
■mo th. inci dent- fSr Km SiS. » olrtliKd^Thim of no te Opo die Ihink 

Dr John C un n ingh am, chief „ added y,., security For the workers of BL? that if £2 billion worth of 

SrPS aSSSS Ou^fa- iwng a ^5riv focri authorities and local mTSd Sm» in d3 . _ 

Se rewnsSlr tST^wS sha^Tin RootS community and voluntary most imaginative response. Lo- 1 There are a great many 

SStemerft, Mr Kinnocfc Does she think “ rg3nis f ll o ns - Th«y would seek eaj authorities should be frilly j people who remain ancon- 
ti of the that is a precedent that should ,. a . lt ^. ct i , pnvaIe s** 10 * coosuhed. I vinoed by Mrs Thatcher's 

: established in ministers, drawing anention to I 9 fr fl w as 
s to work wuh the special problems of Netting I 
roes and local H UL had borne fruit in this f tw ® mm ® s ' 

it has for the past 

CmnunghanuDo not 
dose the plant 

The incident arose during 

Opposition spokesman on 
environment, wbo had called 
for the statement, asked if 
contrary to the company's 
claim, some radio active ma- 
terial had escaped into the 

Will Mr Goodlad (he added) 
discount the inevitable but 
unjustified calls likely to be 
made for the Government to 
dose the plant, which would 
immediately throw 11.000 of 
my constituents out of work? 
Will he institute the most 
rigorous enquiry and ensure 
that its reports are available to 
the House and the public as 
soon as possible? 

Will the Government convey 

i ne incident arose during wnr me Cjrovemment convey 
.maintenance operations on a to the management of British 
pump during which air was Nuclear Fuels the feet that the 
accidently blown across a flow industry can only have a future 
of liquid with plutonium in it. if there is public acceptance of 
This caused a mist with a small its activities? 
amount of plutonium in sus- A regular series of such 
pense. incidents, whether serious or 

Thatcher backing 
for electricians 

scheming to sack his entire 
-rue DDCCC workforce at one go? 

■ KKCOO This has been described in 

r ii in iMi.iHniiii certain quarters as Thatcherism 

Mrs Thatcher, the Prime in action, is that an accurate 
Minister, congratulated any description or would she like to : 
Trade Union, especially the dissociate herself form that , 
EEPTU which had abolished brutal and unprecedented ac- 
restrictive practices such as tion? 

over- manning and bad em- 
braced the latest technology. 

Mrs Thatcher 1 am sur- 
prised Mr Leighton is so 

She told MPs during Com- resistant to getting the latest 
mons questions; “That is the technology into British in- 

Mrs Thatcher There will be British taxpayers’ money has 
closed a statement on BL from Mr ^one into this industry, aD the 

m, nnmtt«g miiM ih»t Chatman. Inward investment benefit should be reaped by a 

mm^STnrflh^wholibad a io Britain and equity invest- foreign multinational? 

mem in Britain fri>m overseas Mrs Tkucherr If there were 
gooa reraro. • has created 100.000 new jobs a private sector buyer for the 

Mr Dale Camp oeu-fsa roars safeguarded many more whole lot in Britain, that would 

(Workington. Lab* There re- aQ( j OQe 0 f jj, e objects and be very welcome, 

peated incidents at Wuidscale pUTpose s of our entering the Mr John Maxtoo (Glasgow 

make it increasingly difficult Common Market was so that Cathcart, Lab): In view of the 

for those of us wtio support vve might attract that invest- feet that the Prune Minister 

nu £*!^ po ]!^ ! ? defend it. mem to this and ministers have consistently 

Mr Goodtad- I do not wish Mr Anthony Fared (Stock- said over the past month that 

to anticipate me findings of me pon. cy. Would she remind we must have regard to the 

inquiry but. I think he should those engaged in the UK car views of the workforce of 

keep the significance of inis manufacturing industry that Westland to decide the future 
incident in proportion. their share of the home market of that company, wflj she now 

Mr brawn Hughes (South- j,as dropped from 90 per cent give the same regard to the 

wark and Bermondsey. L) retd 2 5 years ago to 34 Ser cent workforce of BL? 
there had. been over 300 ^ How many job losses to Mrs Thatcher: The British 

incidents with a safety fector in suppliers such as British Steel Government decided not to 

been caused by this mount any rescue package for 
Was Mr^Goodlad satisfied with abysmal performance? Westland, or to pm in any 

»* S,IC A. Jt ■ ... Mrs Thatcher The perfor- more money other than writing 

Mr Goodlad: The .site is martce a^d productivity has off £40 million expenditure 
subject to the nuclear ms tafia- improved but not enough vet already incurred, 
irons- inspection. ... to recover a sufficient share' of Mr Staart Bell 

■ 1 ■" " ,l * “ the car market. (Middlesborough, Lab): How 

Vinlonna l\r% • The onl y way to do that is to much taxpayers’ subsidy has 
▼ lUlvULC Ull be competitive, not only on gone into the (arming industry. 

price but on design and Mrs Thatcher The system af 
television lO delivery, and 1 hope car support changed from direct 
- . , industries will continue to support when we went into 

lip mnmmrpri strive for that end. Europe. The amount of support 

Mr Kinuock: British public which comes from the taxpayer 

pnf investment saved BL. Does the ibrodgb Europe is too high and 

^ Prime Minister think British we are trying to get the 

axpa^ws Hved i. in order thtt surpluso down. 

oki rent was promised bv Mrs — . _ 

Wisss Ford not now to buy 

(South West Surrey, O re- . v 

Sn, Austin Rover 

violence seen on teterisioa 

screens. The possibility of the sale of pursued for the separate 

Mrs Thatcher said it was Austin Rover to Fond would privatisation of Unipart by an 

because of public disquiet that not be pursued, Mr Paul eariy placement of shares with 

Violence on 
television to 
be monitored 

SniriS PnVi “' S “' 0r % Mb Thatcher’* 

participation. Mr Clar he said n was a key explanation of tire leak of the 

Thts wM a concentrated and pan of the Government’s iJJST 

targeted effort to be tel by a to involve quickly the gg ll 5! t ^ e y ra T? k . tt . er - 

team of Ministers from the focal authority, the people and K clear from Ure apmiou 
Departments of Employment, ^le MP polhx. 

Education, Trade and Industry. Mr Richard Waiawright I am sceptical as to 

Environment and the Home (Come Vafley. L) asked the whether Sir Robert »ffl have 

r"f?L va, im - minister to explain the abrence removed manv of these sneer- 

Lord Young of Graithain, of any Treasury minister from tninitm y>,,. _*_.j 

Secretary of State for Employ- ^ managing team, bearing in 

mem, would have overall mindthatftl SSwaxd s^rai "! ho 

responsibility for coordinauon 0 f deprivation was laraelydiie woad [ MrsTftalCMrs version 
of the initiative and he (Mr & fejjg Treasury dogma. Why pkns&Ie before would be 
Oarire) would have responstbil- ^ there no mention erf finely to fiad it any less 
rty for its day to day nranage- housing in the statement? convincing now. No new 
ment and supervision with the Mr Clarice said the idea was hares emerged for the critics 
SU rK n «ch, a *?, bring «**• eflwtt of to 

The eight areas chosen were: all central Government depart- u . g. .. . .. 

Notang Hill and North m ems more dosely. He^as he stopewalied as Mr 

Peckham in London: the ^ o 0lD g ft,to the whole Bntian did tost week, the 
Cbapeltown area ‘of Leeds; business of bousing policies. demand for further aril 

Nor^ CaitJ^Middte^>prough: Mr Michael Foot (Blaenau service witnesses to be 

'A* H^hfidg, aita o n^icea m G»mt. Ub): If to warns ic bre^ht before Ibe amminee 
FbSl-. i a ?“ ,e pnwoMb err Hoi ^ h,ve been irresoble. 

^ Bn. b is „ ,0 pees, ions 

Wribni the chosen areas (hi ^ been withdrawn in rate wcre , niet !5 nloa F’ s< ® tk a™ 
said) we shall fry out new support ground compared with occas » Mfi y *OR«Uoas in 
approaches, particularly or the new money te proposes to their phraseology. He did 
training provision, anc spend. Wbat about those areas himself and the committee 

which have bad persistent credit by takmg It seriously. 

* He has also mode it end. 

* Jl bS? m0ney Iks litely that the committee 

Mr Clarke agreed that some naw other ofn- 

local authorities bad, because rials to appear in person, 
of their expenditure on all their Indeed, the committee now 
programmes, got into hzs a delicate choice, which it 
overspending difficulties and is wisely going to ponder. 

incurred penalty's. 

Sir Robert appeared to 

Ford not now to buy 
Austin Rover 

way to have the best and most dustry. including the news- Mr Douglas Hard, the Home Chanaon, Secretary of State for UK institutions. 

efficient industry.” paper industry- Secretary, had called in the Trade and Industry, announced I hope (he said) the emDlovment and self-emoinv- en ^ nent m departments- 

She was answ ering Mr Peter Later. Mr John Bifien, Lead- BBC and IBA authorities to in a Commons statement on Government’s derision and the ment opportunities for food ^ or exanl ^f' . y*»n 
Temple-Moms (urominister cr of the House, said during discuss with them bow they BL His announcement was ending of uncertainty will leave residents. This will be tackled program ®L **** . - n 

n ivhn had caM- ih« TI C in .U n . = ... k.. r .l. i TT „ v iniuoitt. I QlS wiu Oc laCKICd mmurv Ifrms and dnnhM in 

'T? ' : "J§ 

V. -SU 

i '•>. . »-,'!• 

Clarke: Concentrated 
and targetted effort 

Mr Jo b, Paw chief Oppo- ^ 

statement compared to the s office and at 

scale of the problem in the ^ Department of Trade and 

inner cities. Industry. The latter were 

Mr Oavfce: The essential concerned about the propriety 
point he has missed is that this of what they were berae 
new initiative goes alongside all gsj^j w fa jt e former, be 
the other initiatives, policies , rrmr ,» _ n 

and expenditure by this Gov- 

erament in all its departments. ^ consfQtBtioual sensmv- 
For example, the urban “Tl. 

This might justify the 

He w; 


unbecomming to the Trade Kingdom economy. We shall wait and see what Government s intention, with building on the creditable mem. 

Union Movement He said the He was replying to Mr they do (she west onL and ^ agreement of the BL board, progress which has already We 

two unions involved in the Andrew MacKay (Berkshire monitor it carefully and see lhal negotiations should be been achieved. 3 eniwr 

dispute with Mr Rupert Mur- East O who had criticised the whether any further action _ p 

doch, chairman of News Inter- Opposition for not initiating a needs to be taken. TTW . 

national, had abused debate in their own time on the — — — — Pv*ATAD^T< o 4- 1a Air , 

S 3 &M 1 &S 23 ^r vol,,ne News faKr - Watching the a lOteStS Rt IRCK 01 S 

for in the last 20 years. Mr MacKay said that mem- , ® , , , ... 

Mr Ronald Leighton (New- bers of the EETPU were being WPPflC OTOW health, criticized the grotesque Mr 

ham North-East Lab): Has she bullied and intimidated as they frWuaglWrt HEALTH corapacency of the Govern- f w u 

noticed the cynical and deceit- tried to go to work. A farmer io Ashfield, Not- ment. He said that what was emrne 

fid way Mr Murdoch has cold- Mr Bifien said he could not tinghamshire, has to sit in his . ~ ~ needed was a comprehensive Cover 

bloodedly over a period of guarantee a debate in govern- cottage ail day and watch the . upposition motion screening system covering all e ffecti 

months been consniriiut and ment time in rhe near fiifmp weeds erow.Mr Frank Havnes nepiormg me lamentable rail- women at risk and it was the : 

conceraea ana tneir environ- a— « over ^ above the w bihw 

m We gdlKek to stimulate ^^^aiSing would it 

enterprise and provide a stron- ha Ve a most significant effect. reaU >‘ ranch sense to 

" Question only the person at 

Watching the 
weeds grow 

A farmer in Ashfield, Not-, 

Protests at lack of smear test recall SScMSH 

'Hsrsfr &sz 


months been conspiring and ment time in the near future. 

Labour MP seeks aid 
for merchant fleet 

5 sra 1 ®rKB! 



SST^jrt £2 ^SSently (be went on, BWggogK ISiSi < SSS« ufi feS ““ ™ 

redundant before the enTrf vbere are. cerrain weeds which gf JSSSLS dday Co V Id ^ SSSS^rith the^SSSduc^S /r 

thousands of avoidable deaths - there were massive delays 

A pta m the Prim, Mipisw to S™ 1 ^S! f tT lt 

do soniMhing to tovc BriBin’s 

uijowtoMs-dovdSn^', ;^rsr<s^i5s,r*D' u id ^oJSL^'JfSd'SSl! i 

farmrt- u^n.c .0 ™ h;< I tuaionty. 72. use us no wens to in«,l O'computenzed call and recaU inexcusable that women OinuM I number of Conserva- 

v *e th e resources that were I heard increasingly that the 
*12?^ » I k really no business of 

the Defence Committee. A 

farmer wants to earn his living. I raajon ^' 


ao sometning to save Bntam s already has the hishesi oercem- u is a siupid situation. A Government amendment authorioes s« up comprehen- it also became annarem that °nJy for the test n 

inexcusable that women should I g™" 1 ”* 01 <-onserya- 

be tested only for the lest not | ** raembers are becoming 
to be properly followed up. I nervous over the possible 

ihZnZZZZ MSaZ-S age of unemployment in main- wneerai. „ commending the s,vc scucm “ covenng an in many parts of the country ” II °. wg °- u P lirc 

Do«aId (and Britain. Fenner, Par- Government's positive action women at n*k now. there wereunkcceptable ba<£ f Dcr *V* e ®5 c * . ^ ^ comituttees 

diSi Priit.#. The Prime Minister should ^mentory Secretory. Ministry to ensure that by 1988 all J* s J louJd ^ ^rnedute ft, b^irato^bSSiemof ^f c to S ^ l ^ r Q srnd the task activities on the party's etec- 
Minister? d aueSoiI? show the same patriotism to ofAgnculture. Fishenes and health districts would have JS* 1 thf smears. Heritfa TutSSrities ^ fortunes, and parliaroeo- 

ar-aiM saraiLs.TS STCHT® BkKhlPS™ 

tsttjSsLst* ^ ra 4 SL jtusss szssszjzs** jTT.g^ «.*.*■ 

toral fortunes, and parliamen- 
tary opinion would certainly 

from 1.600 to about 600. The raiK “ nas ^ cneers '- 

number of men working for Mrs Thatcher told him that 
British Shipbuilders had the problem of British Ship- 
dropped from 87,300 to about builders as with those the 
10.000. world over, was a shortage of 

Th . trl , ■ , rtl . . . I some weeos. n ne w,n wnte to I cancer screening, and welcora- • , ,or “H? 

nSliSrciS I me ’ i W,U look mt0 *** matter. I ing the establishment of an mfi ^ wouW do - 

According to the news (he orders. 

Parliament today 

Commoos (9.30k Safety at Sea 

ire timvIc ■wjiubbu ntuuKV, un- I - J , . — ; P . . — ” 

us neeas. der Secretary of State for I radnlging m a witchhunt. 

The foil implementation of Health and Social Security, | Up to now the committee 

continued) the unions have , ft is a shortage (she said) that 1 Bill Crown Immunity Bill and 

D— .:,L C? MJ j ie ... I .«L.. Rltt. j f. ■< 

woert workinc croiin rn Mam w..„ k . . . ZT* / ■ u^icuhwot oi ncaim ana social security, **> ww uie coxnmmee 


ch i^ of words ’ httk acuon and less some £4 million to install the Health authorities were aW be gnued for nearly three 

wm met British Shipbuilders and is difficult to gel over. | other Bills, second readings. I Onno^iiirtn 01 ' ch i„ of words » Bttk action and less »me £4 million to install foe Health authorities were 

— - - — - L-P-OMi ^ on mone y- necessary systems. Similartv. if of the Government** „ 

Ministers’ aides 
pack airport 
Bill committee 

Lone fight to save storm-lashed seals 

— — " »usuui me ntaum aumonoes were aware I k^j: , r 

necessary systems. Similarly, if of the Government’s concern. I r 0 ® 5 a tnce of 

— — - — I bureaucratic smugness was. 

By Tim Jones 

_ _ ~ The great Atlantic rollers. There frightened, snapping .v- 

II- IB __ whipped up by savage winter seals rescued front the rocks 

If 1 1 1 If If 1 1 fll I T I storms, have been exacting a and carried up precarious cliff 

VU1IUIU l IVV terrible toll amoug the dbnLt- paths, are cared for until 

By Stephen Goodwin, Political Staff fehing colonies of seals which strong enough to be trans- 

_ ^ . , _ live and breed in the secret ferred to recuperation pools. 

The Government is under . It would have let him limit coves of Cornwall. Most quickly become sleek, 

e from within the Conser- air traffic movements at The storms have coincided confident adults and are 
Hive ranks for packing, an Heathrow to 275,000 a year, with foe breeding season and renamed to the shore at the 

| po riant Commons wm- but strong pressure from have been strongest when the point where they were found. 

in stifle anv n-tvllmn I nnOTviiiv.fl MDc ■ TP rwi.— J ^ j. 

fire from within the Conser- air traffic movements at 
vative ranks for packing- an Heathrow to 275,000 a year, 
important Commons com- but strong pressure from 

mines to stifle any rebellion Conservative MPs. partial- new-born seals are most Others are destined to remain 

on us Bill to privatize tony opponents of expansion vulnerable. Dozens of pups the sanctuary for life, too 

Britain s main airports. at Stansted. prevented any have been swept off the rocks, *H to be able to fond for 

MPs who act as aides to progress to the Bill’s commit- away from their mothers on themselves. 

ministers not connected with tee stage. 

aviation policy have been 
drafted on to the Airports 
BUI Committee 

The experience was clearly dent, 
a chastening one for the Un 
government whips. They prey 

away from tneir mothers on 
whom they are totally depen- 

U liable to feed and easy ‘‘lifers’’ will produce pups 
prey to gulls and other “There are only about 240 

Mr Jones intends to build 
four breeding pools where the 
•‘lifers” will prodnee pups 

i_ _ “ v J ur emu gnu umci iimv oi t. i/uij umm 

They can be guaranteed have ensured that of the 16 predators, most would die seals left around foe Cornish 
not lo vote against the Conservatives on the 26- were it not for foe efforts of a and Devon coasts and unless 
Government because of their member committee on the former miner who has made it their numbers are replenished 
petition as parliamentary Airports Bill, a comfortable his fife’s work to save them, they will die out. Apart from 

private secretaries. majority can be relied upon 

That means that of the 16 to toe the government line. 

i nai means mat oi me io to toe the government line, almost thirty years ago when 
Conservatives on the 26- Six of the Conservatives on a young seal was washed up 
member committee, a com- the committee are pariiamen- near foe cafe he ran with bis 

For Ken Jones, it started the storm casualties, some 
almost thirty years ago when are drowned by the two-mOe 

was washed op long nets used by trawlers 
he ran with bis and others are deliberately 

Portable majority will toe the tacy private secretaries. Nor- wife Mary at St Agnes. Since killed by fishermen who 
government line. maUy there are two or three, then, his battle to save foe claim .they are depleting fish 

One Conservative MP told There are two mam areas him to foe stocks ** 

The Times that "having got of the Bill where the Govern- edge of bankruptcy and Before he can build his 
hetr fingera burned onoe on mem is expecting trouble halved costly battles with pools, Mr Jones needs to find 

the ill-fated Civil Aviation from Tory dissidents — the i foqj authorities. 

Bill, the Government was proposal to privatize the m ^ w r 

°u C | ian n £ ^i p British Airport Authority’s cafe and the small pool be preparing to sell bis collee- 

1 S2S a £ < ¥ y ’ Seo ^ !? v ? l ? , L airp0rtS UndCr l ««ld no longer cope, he tion of Vtctoriana. 

S[ J*° r ^f an ^ ort j single boWrng company, and overcame local opposition to Housed in foe old school at 

tad to withdraw the Civil the resurrection of powers for establish his seal sanctnarv MuUioO. CorowalL the rnlkv- 

lVjS Uon BUi “ DeCember S™^m«!S^ tSOnair S ? week ’ “ donktbe^ of^ 

transport, movements- Helford Ktnnn. MtdhiishpH 

about £400,000. To raise 

When foe bathtub in his some of foe money be is 

a • a a -■ m res way, a landmark m foe 

Acquitted mi “ annmii ' 

' But foe House of Commons 

Illin ^r is ambivalent about its rela- 

tively new select committees. 
lAGDC nlao They are appreciated as a 

IUijVij Uivil valimble addition to the 

A miner who was dis- legblatore- 

missed five weeks ago after a ^ so a ff ract a &i r 

being cleared of the ambush 2™°™!°* resentment, partly 
murder of Mr David Wilkie, vsaknsy of those 

[ a taxi driver, during the coal 7“° *** 1,01 prepared to 
| strike has lost his Haim for devote 'bear rime to snch 
unfair dismigsaL work «®ri partly because they 

Mr Anthony Williams, *fe accused of diverting 
aged 27. was acquitted at Jj*™ 00 “®ra foe floor of the 
Cardiff Crown Court last House. 

May of murder and conspira- . £*ery active committee 
cy, but he was later dismissed t™* 1 ®** bas fo guard against 
for gross misconduct from ™ e . accasarioo that it is 
Markham Pit, Gwent getting above itself. For that 

At a Cardiff industrial £ as 2* 1 ' 1 s° s P«* that after 
tribunal Mr Williams, now Sir Robert’s performance foe 
unemployed, of Ty-coch, Select Committee 

Rhymney, Mid Glamorgan, H 31 * on reflection, do no more 
claimed the decision was “Mb possibly cal] for written 
unreasonable as he had toten evM * ence from Mr li^ham 


s)b- * 

cleared in court. 

Mr Williams said he 

and perhaps Miss Bowe, 

If so. that would much 

Helford estuary. 

established museums- 

walked away before a con- reduce the chances of Anther 
crete fence post and block rirama, a®d it is new dramatic 
were thrown off a bridge at developments not the repe ti- 
the taxi Bui Mr David ***° 01 oW accusations that 
PoweU, foe c hairman an- be needed to keep the 

noundng foe hearing's raa- Westland saga running with 
jority decision, said his ^ former intensity, 
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The Philippines election 

Showdown for Marcos 
and Aquino as 
troops go on red alert 

The PhifinrMn*. , From David Watts. Manila 

polls todav KiSL^SSJ 0 ^ him of gunboat diplomacy, the capital first and provided 
JS^J or to w« the Senator exolainah “Om- a yardstick for the subsequent 

S“ “ the “““y’ 5 

Throughout the country 
uie feeling of a turning point 
is almost palpable, whoever 
turns out to be the winner. 

In normal times Manila is 
a city of rumours, but these 
are not normal times and the 
harvest of speculation and 
table is richer than ever. 

An air of foreboding has 
been heightened by an inter- 
view which President Marcos 
gave to local television jour- 
nalists last night He said the 
Government would use “le- 
gitimate force to defend 
itself* if it continued to face 
threats of violence and vote- 
buying by the Opposition. 

On the best evidence both 
chaises appear to be figments 
of the presidential imagina- 

None the less, with 51 
■ people already killed during 
the campaign, with few areas 
free o f the threat of violence 
from gun-toting political pri- 
vate armies, the Philippines 
armed forces are on red alert. 

In this atmosphere. Senator 
Richard Lugar, chairman of 
the US Senate foreign rela- 
tions committee, who is 
leading an observation team 
appointed by President Rea- 
gan. began its woric yesterday. 

Though greeted by a news- 
paper advertisement accusing 

From David Watts. Manila 
him of gunboat diplomacy, 
the Senator explained: “Our 
mission is not' to . judge,, 
enforce or arbitrate— simply 
to observe the work of good 
friends." He appealed to all 
involved to make sure that 
the Citizens’ Movement for 
Free Elections (Namfiri) ob- 
tains . results as quickly as 
possible so that “all of us wfl] 
know as rapidly as possible 
what has occurred". 

His group is just part of the 
60 Or so foreign observers of 
the election, who include Mr 
John Hulme, the SDLP MP 
from Northern Ireland. 

With thousands of local 
officials and politicians de- 
pendent on the continuation, 
of Mr Marcos in power, the 
25.000 Namfrel volunteers 
have a formidable task in 
trying to ensure an honest 
election. In Manila alone 600 
nims will, be deployed at 
polling stations in the hope 
that their presence will deter 
the use of forced 

Much wiD depend on the 
honesty and goodwill of 
Government officials from 
the Commission on Elec- 
tions. Before each return is 
reported to Manila it must be 
verified and co-signed by 
both Namfrel and the Com- 
mission representative. 
Namfrel succeeded in fore- 
stalling many frauds in the 
1984 election because its 
more honest , reports reached 

the capital first and provided 
a yardstick for the subsequent 
.Government version. 

Mr Joe Concepcion, the 
Namfrel chairman, is under 
no illusion that crucial con- 
cessions have had to be 
made, but “if I had not done 
this they would have discred- 
ited us completely". 

General Fidel Ramos, 
commander-in-chief of the 
Philippines constabulary and 
the integrated national police 
force, said that of the 74 
provinces only nine were not 
designated as “hot spots" 
where the potential for vio- 
lence and electoral fraud was 

He said: “At no time in 
our history has a national 
decision-making process been 
so vital.” Genera] Ramos 
knows that whichever way 
the election goes the potential 
for upheaval has never been 

If Mr Marcos loses be may 
not go quietly. There are 
rumours of a yacht waiting in 
Hong Kong if he should find 
Mm Corazon Aquino has an 
un surmountable plurality, 
but few believe he would take 
that option. 

Yet if Mr Marcos wins, 
many people will not be 
inclined to believe h. The full 
results may not be known for 
a week, with a consequent 
dangerous spell of 
uncenainity and frustration. 

in street 

From Richard Wigg 

Vice-Admiral Cristobal Co- 
lon, a direct descendant of 
Christopher Cotnmtas, was 
assassinated in a grenade 
attack on his car in Madrid 
yesterday as be was being 
driven to Spanish natal 

His driver, Senor Miguel 
Trigo -Manat, was also killed, 
and an aide with him in the 
car. Major Antonio Rodriguez 
Nufez, ns seriously figured. 

Eye-witnesses said that n 
young couple — immediately 
suspected of belonging to 
ETA. the armed Basque 
separatist organization — fled 
after throwing the grenade' 
and machine-gunning the. 
admirers car. 

Crowds gathered near the 
site, chanting: “We want goes 
against ETA." King Juan 
Carlos sent his condolences 
to the family. 

Police chased a car along 
one of the capital's motor- 
ways into the old city centre 
ami surrounded a building 
where they thought one of the 
killers was biding. 

Admiral Cohn, aged 61, 
17th Duke of Veragrn, the 
title Spain's King bestowed 
on Col am bos for his discover- 
ies, and twice Grandee of 
Spain, was travelling from his 
home to headquarters, where 
be worked as a serving 

Fifty-four senior Spanish 
service officers have been 
assassinated since December. 
1973, when an ETA comman- 
do in a Madrid street blew np 


A Spanish Navy captain walking past the body of Vice-Admiral Colon in Madrid. 

Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco, 
who was then Franco's Prime 

General Abel Barahona, 
head of Spain's cnhnral 
department, has been sacked 
by Senor Norris Sena, the 

Defence Minister, after publi- 
cation of an official army 
history praising the 1981 
right-wing coop attempt. The 
minister had written a pref- 

bomb exploded outside a 

branch of the Pyndnban Bank 
in this Basque city, damaging 
the boilding and three parked 
cars, police said yesterday 
(Reuter reports). An anony- 
mous caller had warned the 
police. There were no inju- 

Austrian wine 
trade halved 
after scandal 

Vienna — Austrian wine 
exports fell by almost half 
last year after the discovery 
of the . anti-freeze agent 
diethylene-glycol in wines 
(Richard Bassett writes). 

A survey commissioned by 
the Society of Austrian Wine- 
growers and published yester- 
day shows that - Austria 
exported only 270,000 litres 
of wine in 1985, compared 
with 478.000 in 1984. 

Thirteen per cent fewer 
Austrians were drinking 
wine, and nearly a third of afi 
wholesalers admitted that 
their confidence ih the indus- 
try had been “ shattered",." 

Guerrilla war alert in Ecuador US pressures Athens on bases 

Fran Geoffrey Matthews 

Ecuador this week milita- 
rized its frontier with Colom- 
bia while guerrillas from both 
countries continued fierce hit- 
and-run actions over an 
extensive area of son them 

The Quito Government 
mo ved troops to the border as 
six battalions of the Colombi- 
an Army con tinned what 
nritilary sources described as 
“virtual war" with guerrillas 
in die sparsely populated 
Andes of the Canca depart- 

! The guerrilla force, be- 
lieved' to . number ” several 
hundred, is ^ commanded , by 

leaden of the Colombian 

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April 19 movement (M19). 

Earlier this week they 
briefly seized the small town 
of Morales in Canca before 
being driven out 
In several boms* combat, 
25 guerrillas and three police 
officers were killed. The total 

death toll in dashes in Canca 
over the last two weeks was 
believed to be more than 60. 

Ecuadorean troops took up 
positions along the frontier in 
an apparent attempt to cut off 
100 guerrillas reported to be 
trying to enter Colombia's 
Southern Narine department 
to join up with the force led 
by MI9. 

It was also reported that 
three British journalists had 
been detained in Popayan, 
capital of die Canca depart- 
ment, after a clandestine 
interview frith members of a 
French television team. 

The French were arrested 
in- similar circ um stances but 
later allowed to - leave the 

A high-ranking US State 
Department official has been 
m Athens this week sounding 
out the Socialist Government 
on the prospects for a 
continued American military 
presence in Greece after the 
present bases agreement ex- 
pires in 1988. 

Mrs Rozanne Ridgway. 
Assistant Secretary of State 
for European affairs, told Mr 
Andreas Papandreou, the 
Greek Prime Minister, and 
his ministers yesterday of the 
urgency felt in Washington 
over the issue. 

Mr Georg? Shultz, the 
Secretary of State, who is due 
to visit Athens next month, 
has made it publicly dear 

From Mario Modhtno, Athens 
that he would lifee an early 
reply so that, if the bases 
remain, the United States can 
budget for the cost of their 
improvement or make ar- 
rangements for their transfer 
— probably to Turkey or 

Under existing arrange- 
ments, the Greek Govern- 
ment may in July, 1988, 
exercise an option to termi- 
nate the agreement and ask 
the United Slates to disman- 
tle the bases. 

These include a support 
base at Athens airport, a 
naval communications centre 
at Marathon and air and 
naval facilities in Snda Bay, 
Crete. . 

The Papandreou Govern- 
ment is ideologically commit- 
ted to removing all foreign 
bases from Greece. However, 
the Prime Minister refuses to 
commit himself publicly on 
whether he will exercise his 
option to remove the bases. 

Mr Papandreou is known 
to have reassured the Ameri- 
cans privately that the bases 
will stay- But he does not 
wish to be rushed 

The Americans want a 
firmer commitment now, and 
the possibility that either side 
should denounce the present 
agreement to initiate a new 
round of interminable negoti- 
ations as a way out has been 

sticks to 
pledge on 

From Richard Dowden . 


President Museveni ojT 
Uganda has fulfilled his 
pledge to form a broad-based 
Government by bringing 
members from all parties, 
regions, and religions into his 

Mr Paul Ssemogerere. the 
Democratic Party leader, re- 
tains his position as Minister 
for Internal Affairs, to which 
he was appointed by the 
Okello Administration last 

The Democratic Party now 
has five seats in the Cabinet 
compared with six in the 
Okello Government. The 
Ugandan People's Congress, 
the party of former President 
Obote which was shattered in 
the July coup, has three 
members in the Cabinet. 

Surprisingly, Mr Museveni 
met Mr Paulo Muwanga, Dr 
O bote's vice-president, as 
pan of a Ugandan People's 
Congress delegation this week 
even though he had named 
him as being responsible for 
some of the atrocities com- 
mitted dunng the Obote 
period. Mr Muwanga was not 
given a Cabinet post. 

Fifteen of the 30 ministers 
named so far are from Mr 
Museveni's National Resis- 
tance Movement, but places 
have been found for the 
leaders of Fedemu and thg 
Uganda Freedom Movement 
two small guerrilla organizer 
lions which fought the Obote 
Government but were bigger 
rivals of the NRM. The 
National Resistance Army is 
disarming these guerrilla 

The new Foreign Minister 
is Mr Ibrahim Mjkiibi. a 
career diplomat who served 
as ambassador to Moscow. 
Cairo, and Denmark before 
resigning in 1982 in protest at 
the Obote Administration's 
human rights record. 

The Cabinet is intended to 
be an interim one which will 
administer the country until 
a constitutional conference 
draws up a plan for elections. 

The north of the country is 
still held by forces of the 
previous government, and 
the NRA's advance seems to 
have halted, either to allow 
for negotiations or to enable 
more NRA forces to get to 
the front line. It is expected 
that troops loyal to Brigadier 
Basilio Okello. the former 
chief of staff, will make a 

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We wouldn’t recommend this experi- 
ment for real, but it’s an interesting hypothesis 
nevertheless. Imagine it 

The salesman guides you into the 
driver’s seat. It feels reassuringly firm, yet so 
comfortable it could have been made 
specially for you. 

(In fact, it has an adjustable lumbar 
support and a 16-position height and raise 

The door closes with an effortless dunk 


Good guess, but the wrong one 

Somehow, you can sense the feeling of 
spaciousness inside the car. 

Your hands fall naturally onto the steering 
wheel, and your feet onto the pedals. 

Youswitchonthe ignitionThe enginefires 
instantaneously, dying to a barely audible purr 


Perhaps, yes. But actually, no. 

As you pull away from the kerb (don’t 
worry, the salesman gives you directions) you 
notice the lightness and precision of the 
power steering. 

You accelerate briskly through the gears, 
enjoying the smooth power of the engine. 

This car is no slouch. 











No it isn’t 

The salesman, feelingratherpleased with 
himself hdps you with a few clues. 

He tells you about the car’s wdded box- 

sted construction, and the 9 coats of paint and 
primer that protect the bodywork 

He mentions the 13-outlet heating and 
ventilation system, the 17.2 cubic foot boot, 
the central locking. 

You can feel the power-assisted brakes 
for yourself 


Wrong again. 

Against your better judgement, you start 
to lower your sights a bit You did, after all, 
mention a price limit of£l 1,000. 

But what car of that sort of price could 
give you this sort ofride? 

Unable to contain your curiosity any 
longer you pull into the kerb and pull off 
the blindfold. 


Yes, it’s a Volvo. The 740 GL, to be precise. 
And yes, you can afford it 
Amazingly, the car you thought could 
have been a Mercedes costs only E1Q271. 

You turn to the salesman sitting beside 
you. In one hand, he has an order form for a 
brand new Volvo 740GL 
In the other a pen. 

Despite his presumptuousness, you sign. 

|~To: Volvo, Springfield House, Princess Street, Bristol BS3 4EE~1 
I For a brochure, phcaie (0272) 217082 or post the coupon. 

. Mr/Mrs/Miss 




[_ THE 1986 VOLVO 740. FROM £10,271. 

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Pik Botha foresees day 

ruling in South Africa 

Cape Town 


President of South 
Afiica b the unavoidable and 
inevitable outcome of the 
negotiating process set in 
pin " 

nis speech opening the 1986 
parliamentary session last 
week, the South African 
5"**P“ Munster, Mr R.F. 

IHk Botha, said yesterday. 

He told a meeting of the 
roreign Correspondents’ As- 
sociation of Southern Africa, 
that he could not suggest a 
timetable for the process 
bwause blacks themselves 
aw not speak with one voice 
and represented a variety of 
points of view. Nor could 
there be any solution if 
minorities were left without 
any protection. 

“We are not in principle 
against the principle of one- 
man-one-vote,” he said. “We 
are against the principle if it 
means that it would put in' 
power a force, an entity, that 
will again dominate others to 
the extent where the others 
will rebel and start tlm 
conflict all over again.” 

Mr Botha was asked at this 
point whether he would serve 
under a black president. “If 
in terms of the structures to 
be jointly agreed upon (with 
black leaders), that (a black 
president) is made possible, 
how can I be (against it)?” he 
replied. “I cannot go and say 
that we are going to share 
power and then try to do it 
my way only. 

“In that power-sharing pro- 


Mr “Kk” Botha: are no 
timetable for black rale, 
cess and system, each group, 
each community, each inter- 
est group, is of course going 
to bargain for the maximum. 

“As long as we can agree, 
in a suitable way, on the 
protection of minority rights 
without a racial sting — let 
me make it dear — as soon as 
we are agreed on that, then 
we have the security, and 

Miners die in fight 

Johannesburg (Raster) - Six 
black gold miners were hHwi 
and 34 were injured in tribal 
fighting at hostels at the 
Western Deep Levels mine 
near Johannesburg, the An- 
glo-American Corporation 
said. The mine was reported 
to be tense but quiet. 

S French widen bomb watch 

EEC farm prices 
may be frozen 

From A Correspondent, Brussels 

as a spy’ 

From Diana Geddes, Para 

The European Commission 
nas proposed a virtual freeze 
on next season's agricultural 
prices in an attempt to 
discourage further over-pro- 

But the price package 
comes with a set of much 
tougher measures which, if 
approved by Community ag- 
riculture ministers in the 
spring, would hit British 
termers the hardest and put a 
heavy burden on European 
consumers and taxpayers. 

Under the scheme; - the 
shop price of butter -would- 
fefl by 1 p while the price of a 
pound of cheese would- rise' 
by 2p. The price of beef in- 
Britain and Ireland would 
rise by 3p or 4p a pound over 
the next two years as the 
special EEC subsidy benefit- 
ing consumers and termers is 
phased out. 

But the taxpayer would 
have to foot the bill for the 
surplus disposal scheme an- 
nounced along with the 
package by Mr Frans 
Andriessen, the Agriculture 
Commissioner — a £1.8 
billion scheme to sen the 
bulk of a £6 billion food 
mountain over three years. 

Mr Andriessen said be 
hoped 270,000 tonnes of 
ageing butter stocks and 
200,000 tonnes of frozen beef 
from EEC cold stores could 
be sold to non-EEC countries 
in 1986 alone. 

He described the surpluses, 
which now include more than 
1.1 million tonnes of butter 
and 750,000 tonnes of beet 
as a “time bomb” which will 
blow apart the common 
agriculture policy if not sold 
without disrupting the mar- 
ket. . . 

The Commissioner warned 
the cost of exporting the 
surpluses would force the 
Commission to demand an 

' extra £450 million for 1986, 
despite sayings it would 
realize by freezing prices and 
changing the rules of farm 
price support 

The Commission has pro- 
posed: A £3 JO levy per tonne 
on all cereals marketed, 
except for the first 25 tonne 
per termer; 5 per cent and 9 
per cent rals respectively in 
the prices of teed wheat and . 
feed barley; a price freeze 
applying only to bread-mak- 
ing wheat and malting bailey; 
and restrictions on the quan- 
tities sold to EEC stores by 
grain and beef farmers when 
market prices are unattrac- 

• LONDON: Mr Simon - 
Gouriay, deputy president of 
the National Farmers Union, 
yesterday estimated that the 
proposed measures would rat 
term gate prices for wheat 
and barley by 12 and 15 per 
cent respectively (Our Agri- 
culture Correspondent 

While he said he favoured 
an element of price restraint 
and acknowledged the need 
to place the cm ptosis on 
better quality grains, the 
proposed co-responsibility 
levy would be very difficult 
to administer and very easy 
to evade. 

Miss Ann Davison, of the' 
Consumers in the European 
Community Group, de- 
scribed the levy as a “bread 
tax” saying the price of 

From Ian Murray 

bread was already artificially 
high because of . levies on 

high because of levies on 
imported wheat. 

A conference in London 
this week was told that the 
cost of the common agricul- 
tural policy had risen in real 
terms by 7 per cent a year for 
the last 10 years and was at 
present equivalent to nearly 
£2 a day per family of four. 

Mr Anatoly Sbctoransky 
is to be released by tiie Soviet 
Union because he is a 
convicted spy and traitor and 
not because he is a Jewish 
dissident, according to Victor 
Louis, the Moscow4ased 

Mr Louis, often fed infor- 
mation the Soviet authorities 
want publicized in foe West, 
told tto Israeli newspaper 
Yedioi Ahromot • that Mr 
Sbctoransky was being ex- 
pelled rather than befog 
granted an exit visa. 

According to Mr Louis’s 
Soviet sources, the US want- 
ed . Dr Andrei Sakharov j 
included in the spy swap, but j 
this was rejected because he 
was not considered a spy . 

Mr Sbctoransky, however, 
was convicted if handing 
confidential documents to a 
correspondent of The New 
York Toms, fodudfag details 
of experiments into para- 
psychology, codes on secret 
Soviet post office boxes and ! 
addresses of scientific and I 
military installations. I 

“From our point of view 
Sbctoransky is a spy,” Mr 
Louis was told. “On foe basis 
of that, we are releasing him 
and not because he is a 
Jewish activist”. 

The journalist said Mr 
Sbctoransky was still not 
aware of his munmeaf re- 
lease. But it seems his wife, 
A vital, was told he was to be 
freed several days before 
rumours began to circulate — 
she left her Jerusalem home 
and went into hiding. 

The Israeli Government 
still says it has no official 
word on his release. 

Because he was convicted 
of spying for the United 
States, be may be flown 
directly there. 

France yesterday stepped 
up security throughout the 
capital and at airports and 
important rail stations across 
the country after bomb at- 
tacks in Paris in which 21 
people were injured. 

Rumours continued to cir- 
culate here yesterday linking 
the most recent attacks, 
together with two others in 
Paris department stores just 
before Christmas, to Middle 
East groups directly or indi- 
rectly involved in negotia*-' 
tions with the French 
Government to secure the 
release of four . French hos- 
tages in Lebanon in return 
for the release of Arab 
terrorists imprisoned in 
France. - 

The French Government is 
refusing to comment on who 
may have been responsible 
for the attacks. M Laurent 

Fabius, the Prime Minister, 
who called an emergency 
meeting yesterday morning of 
the four ministers most 
directly involved in the fight 
a gainst terrorism, said that 
the Government had re- 
ceived no demands is rela- 
tion to the French hostages in 

With the^jiench. general 
election, 'only five weeks 
awpyf the Opposition has 
-.been quick- to extract the 
maximum political capital 
out of the attacks. 

M Michel Poniatowski, the 
Interior Minister under Presi- 
dent Giscard (TEsteing, ac- 
cused President Mitterrand of 
befog “in part responsible’' 
for terrorism in France be- 
cause of his decision to 
liberate the leaders of the 
extreme-left French terrorist 
group. Action Directe, as part. 

Trial plea 
In Walesa 

case fails 

Senate blocks Husain 
$1.5bn arms package 

From Michael Bfoyon, Washington 

Warsaw (Renter) - Poland’s 
Supreme Court yesterday re- 
jected a plea by lawyers 
representing the Solidarity 
leader, Mr Lech Walesa, that 
a lower court should handle 
his forthcoming trial on 
charges of slandering offi- 

Mr Walesa's lawyers had 
said that the trial should be 
held in a lower court because 
the gravity of his charges did 
not warrant a hearing by the 
higher, provincial court 

But the Supreme Court 
ruled that foe trial, on 
February 11, must be held in 
the Gdansk provincial court 
a court spokesman said. Mr 
Walesa is accused of slander- 
ing election officials by dis- 
puting official voting figures 

The Government has indi- 
cated charges against him 
could be dropped if be stated 
he bad not intended to 
defame election officials. 

The Reagan Administra- 
tion has postponed indefi- 
nitely its proposed Sl.S 

billion (£! billion) arms sale 
to Jordan after being told 
bluntly by the Senate foreign 
relations committee it would 
be rejected in the Senate. 

The decision was taken to 
prevent a bitter fight between 
Congress and the- While 
House and .save'King Husain 
from humiliation. Neverthe- 
less. the King is bound to feel 
slighted, especially after Ad- 
ministration assurances that 
it considered his arms re- 
quests legitimate. 

The Reagan Administra- 
tion insisted last October that 
the sale was “essential to 
create the conditions for a 
lasting Middle East peace.” 

But the Senate, with its 
large pro-Israeli majority, 
insisted that Jordan must 
take the initiative in opening 
direct talks with Israel before 
any arms deal could be 


The Administration re- 
served the right to submit its 
proposal later, although it 
must give Congress 90 days’ 
notice. But the deal to all 
interns and purposes is now 

Jordan has given warning 
that it may now turn to the 
Soviet Union to buy weapons 
to fulfil its military needs. 
This would be seen here as a 
grave setback to relations 
between Washington and 

As originally proposed by 
the White House, the arms 
package included advanced 
F16 fighter planes and mobile 
Hawk air defence missiles, 
totalling $1.9 billion. The 
White House then withdrew 
the missiles. lowering the 
value to Sl.S billion. But 
more than 80 senators and 
270 members of the House of 
Representatives had pledged 
to oppose the package. 

Spain steps up fight to recover Goya portrait Shuttle 

By Geraldine Norman 
and Richard Wigg 

Evidence of how export 
documents may have been 
falsified when Goya's master- 
niece, the “Marquess* de 
Santa Cruz”, left Spam id 
1983 emerged yesterday. The 
Spanish authorities are at- 
tempting to recover foe pic- 
tnre; winch they ray was 
illegally exported, before it is 
auctioned by Christie s in 

London on April 1L 

: — 

Cretan Genuril-jci 

lil- 4 CUO Y fECHA DE SAlltiA 

SubfftrecciAn G* 


DS CoiN. 




From Mohs in Ali 


Y “v 

The p« hiring was -flown 
from Madrid to Zurich in 
April 1983 by Senor Pedro 
Saerim a Spanish business- 
man. It was then bought by 
Lord Wimborne’s agent for 
“a significant” bat undis- 
closed price. Commenting on 
documents which # Lord 
Wim bon* now has in ms 
possession and whig have 
beensbown to Tie Tunes, a 
S>r official at Spam* 
Ministry of Culture, said that 
one of them bore the name of 
a non-existent government 

In another ' announcement 
the ministry gave foe namerf 
the lawyer currently acting on 
its behalf as Sedor. KodTigo 
Uria. This was foe man wifo 
*S« Lord Wimborne's 

*5®“ hflW been negotiating 
agents nave 

fifr the past 18 months, we 

negotiation were 


• =&&/ ■ ■ 


vVsECC , a' v lv .P, 

\s> o* 

Investigations into the ex- 
plosion on board the shuttle 
Challenger were yesterday 
moved to Washington for the 
first public meeting of Presi- 
dent Reagan's special com- 
mission on the disaster. 

The signatures on Lord Wimborne's export documents. Left, the Ministry of Culture rubber stamp and signature which 
appear at the bottom of a Ministry of Education and Science document and. right, the stamp and the signature on the 
licence itself issued by the Ministry of Economics and Commerce. 

The day-long session of the 
12-member panel, beaded by 
Mr William Rogers, the 
former Secretary ofSiate and 
former Aitorney-GeneraL 
was due to hear from Nasa’s 
interim board of inquiry into 
the January 28 explosion. 

picture by the Spanish Gov- 
ernment, , Lord WindHme 

Asked by The Times about 
the .documents coming foe 
painting’s export from Spain 
dated 1983, Seitor Migiel 
Sastrustegm, Secretary-Gen- 
eral at the Cnftnre Ministry, 
observed: “If it says Ministry 
of Education and Science, 
directorate general or historic 
patrimony, it most he false 
because by 1977 all such 
responsibilities bad been 
transferred to foe Culture 

Education and Science direc- 
torate genera] of fine .arts. 
However, the robber stamp 
over which foe form has been 
signed is of foe Ministry of 
Cohere. • 

The main document shown 
to The Times is on a printed 
form from the Ministry of 

The signature over the 
rubber stamp, has not yet 
been deciphered and it is 
.midear whether it is forged. 

Senor Sastrostegui, detail- 
ing the procedure, said that 
for- a work of art such as 
Goya's painting to have been 
exported legally “at least” 
three accompanying _ official 
documents were required, -aD 
wifo; foe appropriate stamps 
and aHthonzed. rigntures. 

- The painting should have 

first had the "expedien te n 
(file) approved by the Cafture 
MMstry’s director-general of 
fine arts after receiving the 
written approval of a special 
fine arts committee set ap to 
evalaate works of art more 
than 100 years old before 
they can leave the country. 

There was no such approv- 
al from the Ministry of 
Culture, he said categorically. 

The fife would then pass to 
the Economics and Finance 
Ministry. For a second autho- 
rization and thirdly there 
would have to be a separate 
signed declaration that the 
export was in order from 
Spanish Customs. 

It was disclosed that Ma- 
drid had engaged lawyers 
headed by Sir Matthew 
Farrer in London to advise it 
in foe case. Asked about Lord 
Wimbome's reported remarks 
that be was awaiting an offer 
for the Goya from the 
Spanish Government, SeSor 
Sastrostegui observed: 
“Those may be his words, but 
he goes on keeping that 
painting in Christie’s safe 

According to reports in 
Madrid, Senor Saorm, who 
handled foe export of the 
painting, is now in prison in 
Buenos Aires, feeing fraud 
charges relating to other 

The panel has to give its 
final report to President 
Reagan within 120 days. It is 
being assisted by Nasa. 

Meanwhile, search crews 
working off Cape Canaveral 
are trying to identify a large 
metal object 1,100 feet under 
water which Nasa experts 
think might be a large section 
of the starboard booster 
rocket that flared irregularly 
before Challenger exploded. 

Recovery of the booster 
would be invaluable to the 
investigation because it is 
thought a flaw, perhaps in the 
seals between the rocket's 
fuel segments or at the point 
where the segments were 
joined, may have allowed a 
flame to leak ouL 

— rvtr 

Traders Moscow 
harden throws 

defiance out two 

then it would possibly. be- 
come unavoidable that in 
future you might have Made 
presidents of this country. If 
blacks share in foe power of 
this country, that to me 
becomes an inevitable result 
in the future as long as 
minorities fed safe.” 

Mr Botha is regarded as 
the leader of the most 
reformist faction within the 
Pretoria Cabinet, and is also 
one of the two or three 
leading contenders for the 
succession to President Bo- 
tha, who was 70 last month. 

The dearest evidence of 
foe Government’s desire to 
share power with blacks, he 
said, was foe Frcsidenfs 
proposal for a “national 
statutory council” in which 
black leaders “for foe first 
time in the history of this 
country (would have) a direct 
voice in the government”. 

Mr Botha put a ter more 
liberal and far-reaching gloss 
on foe President's proposals 
than had his rival for foe 
presidential succession, Mr 
F.W. De Klerk, Minister for 
National Education and pow- 
erful provincial leader of foe 
ruling National Party in 
Transvaal, two days before. ^ 

He said that the National ?. jfefc- 
Party would maintain the 
compulsory racial segregation - 
of residential areas and . 
schools as long as it was in r 

power. Mr Botha conceded * *“ 

that this was party policy “as Pwce at the Gate de Lyon raOway station in central Paris checking a traveller's plastic 
it stands”, but implied that bags during intensive security measures imposed after this week's bomb 
this and all other matters m _ 

sft%£&saat French widen bomb watch 

in Haiti Italians 

From Trevor Fzshlock 

Preside nt-for-life Jean- 
Cinde Dowdier was fighting 
to retain control of Haiti 
yesterday. His position was 
imdenuined by continued 
resistance in foe business 
community and the spread of 
news that be had been 
refused asylu m by three 
European countries. 

Hj as seems to be happen- 
ing, Haiti's enamiAiybl daSS 

IS bintatmg its hh 

dictatorship looks increas- 
ingly mstabfe. 

The President (Baby Doc) 
is usfag tough measures to 
force businessmen who have 
shat their shops and factories 
to re-open. But the very 
harshness of these measures 
is evidence of Ms desperation. 
Businessmen who stay closed 
are held to be unpatriotic and 
can be jaikd for five months, 
fined, and their businesses 

It is hard to gauge the 
extent of foe resistance. 
Many offices and shops are 
dosed, others open. Some 
busmessmeu are treading a 
fine Cue between defiance, 
which requires considerable 
courage, and compliance. 

Some ten the authorities'^ 
they are afraid to open 
because of the threat of 
violence in the tense at- 
mosphere. Some are opening, 
but with an evident lack of 
enthusiasm. Tontons 
Macoute are in the streets, 
brandishing gnus and exuding 

Rome (UPI) - Two Italians 
have been expelled from 
Moscow in a lii-for-tat re- 
sponse to Italy's expulsion of 
two Soviet officials for spy- 
ing, Soviet officials and 
Italian sources said yesterday. 

Sources here said that foe 
expelled Italians were Signor 
Luigi Maniolo. aged 29, First 
Secretary at the Italian Em- 
bassy in Moscow since 1983, 
and Signor Marco Vianello. 
who has represented the 
Italian steel-making group 
Finsder here for JO years. 

Italy had expelled a So vie - 
Embassy official and the 
station chief of foe Sovie 
airline AerofloLFrance ex 
pelled four Soviet diplomat' 
from Paris on Saturday, li 
retaliation, the Soviet Unior 
ordered four French diplo 
mats to leave Moscow. 

204 rebels die 

Khartoum (Reuter) - Suda 
nese troops killed 204 rebel 
of the Ethiopian-backed Sl 
dan People's Liberatio 
Army who attacked foei 
convoy carrying garrison pa 
and supplies 550 miles sout 
of Khartoum, military off 
rials said. 

Police purge 

Guatemala City (UPI) 
Three weeks after takir 
office. President Vinic 
Cerezo dissolve 

Guatemala’s feared seer 
police and said he wou 
prosecute officers suspect! 
of human rights abuses. 

of his general amnesty for 
political prisoners on coming 
to power in I98L 

A man aged 27 had his left 
leg amputated yesterday be- 
cause of injuries received 
duritig the bombing of the 
FNAC sports shop in the 
Forum Des Halles, the largest 
shopping complex in Paris, 
on Wednesday evening. Five 
of foe eight others injured in 
the blast are still in hospital 
but were said yesterday to be 
in no danger. 

The attack followed two 
other Paris bomb attacks — 
one at the Gilbert Jeune book 
shop in the heart of the Latin 
Quarter on Tuesday evening, 
in which four people were 
injured; the other in the 
Galerie Claridge on the 
Champs-EIysees on Monday 
evening, in which eight peo- 
ple were injured. 

The opposition of the 
co mm ercial class Is a signifi- 
cant aspect of the unravelling 
of the Dnvalier regime. Last 
month, in a carefully worded 
letter, the Association des 
Industries dHaiti wrote to 
foe President saying it was 
impossible for businessmen to 
play a full role in “a climate 
of tension and fear”. Urging 
die introduction of democ- 
racy, the association said: “It 
is impossible for us to ignore 
the discontent tearing Haitian 
society apart.” 

While there can only be 
speculation about what is 
happenmg behind the walls of 
the presidential palace in 
Port-es-Prince, it is plain 
rimt the 34-year-oM President 
and his family and advisers 
are in some tarmoiL 

Greece, Spam and Switzer- 
land have announced their 
refusal of requests from the 
President for sanctuary. The 
spread of this news arid the 
idea that the President has 
considered making a run for 
ft are bound to be da m agi n g. 

He looks increasingly a 
prisoner in the palace where 
he has lived most of his life. 

Part of his unpopularity 
lies in the return to a position 
of great influence of Haiti's 
mixed-race elite, who are 
about 5 per cent of the six 

mill ion population. 

The President's father. 
Papa Doc Dnvalier. was 
initially popular because be 
wrested power for the black 
majori ty when be took over in 
1957. This strode an im- 
portant chord, a reminder of 
the country's birth when 
black slaves threw out their 
Ftench masters in 1804 and 
set up the world's first black 

Jean-Clande Dnvalier’s 
marriage in 1980 to Michele 
Bennett, one iff the elite, was 
opposed in palace circles 
because it was felt that this 
would provide the mixed -race 
m inority with access to 
power, and a return to former 
prominence, undoing the 
work of Papa Doc. 

Leading article, page 13 

Farm suicide 

Waynesboro, Georc 

waynesDoro, ueorg 
(UPI) - Mr Leonard HilL 
67-year-old termer unable 
pay a $62,000 (£44.000) del 
killed himself just 20 minul 
before his 711-acre farm w 
to be auctioned at the coat 


Spy flight 

Havana (AP) - Gene 
Raul Castro, the brother 
Cuba's President, inierrup 
the Communist Party a 
gress here with foe announ 
ment that the United Sta 
had sent a spy plane o 

Japan alert 

Tokyo (AP) - Two Ja 
nese Self-Defence Force i 
were' scrambled to see of 
suspected Soviet airct 
which violated air space 
foe northern island of H 
kaido, foe Defence Aga 

Titanic Bill 

Washington (AP) - A 
aimed at encouraging in 
national co-operation to f 
tea the wreck of the b 
Titanic, discovered last J 
t ember, has been introdu 
in the US Senate. 

Leftists jaile 

Novara (Reuter) - I 
members of Italy's left-i 
urban guerrilla group Pi 
Linea, convicted of rob 
and murder, have been jz 
for a total of 103 yt 
Prima Linea carried oi 
series of robberies and i 
ders during the late 1 
and early 1980s. 

Study craze 

Peking (AP) - Chi 
college graduates sh< 
spend their time leamin 
do their jobs well rather ■ 
going abroad for advat 
degrees, the People's L 
said, complaining that 
□omic reforms hid led 
“studying craze”. 





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ez faces uphill 
win backing 

Senor Felipe Gonzalez, the 
Spanish Prime Minister, now 
has little more than five 
weeks of uphill campaigning 

sefore him lo persuade a 
■najority of his fellow roun- 
rymen \o voie “Yes” 10 
ipain’s membership of Naio. 

Parliament approved a ref- 
•rendum on Wednesday 
light. and K^ng Juan Carlos 
•ndorsed it yesterday. 

The lines " of bank were 
irawn in the vote: 207 for, 
03 against. with the Basque 
nd Catalan regional ists ab- 
taining. Only the Commu- 
isis. who will now be 
ampaigning for a “No” vole, 
nd the tiny Centre Party of 
. ;e former Prime Minister, 
ehor Adolfo Suarez, which 
so wanted the referendum 
. at will be leaving supporters 
> make up their own minds, 
xed with the Socialists. 
The right-wing Opposition, 
hich really warns to go 
rtner than the G overtime Qt 
■d integrate Spain complete- 
into Nato's military struc- 
rcs. voted “No". declining 
nor Gonzalez's offer lo lay 
e basis of a future common 
fence policy for Spain. 
ley will campaign to induce 
pponers to abstain on 
arch 12. 

‘Many will be voting ‘Yes’ 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

who are against Nato and 
many will be voting ‘No' who 
are for Nato.” was the vivid 
summing up of (he debate by 
Sehor Miquel Roca, the 
Catalan leader, who con- 
fessed that he was still not 
sure what were the Prime 
Minister’s real motives for 
holding a referendum. 

Senor Gonzalez has often 
confessed tbai be has 

Senor Felipe Gonzalez: his 
motives doubted 

changed his mind about 
belonging to the Atlantic 
Alliance, and pleaded with 
the Spanish people to do 
likewise. He had to endure 
quotations from many of his 
past speeches against Nato, 
however, from Seiior Manuel 

Fraga, the opposition leader. 

But the Opposition no- 
where probed what lies be- 
hind the Government's three 
conditions: non-integration 
into Nato's military struc- 
ture; non-nuclear status for 
Spain; and a progressive 
reduction by the United 
States of its troops on 
Spanish soil. 

With Spain's Socialist lead- 
ership converted to Nato and 
the opposition long con- 
vinced of Spain’s need of it, 
but anxious now to inflict a 
humiliating defeat on Senor 
Gonzalez in a general elec- 
tion year, the whole debate 
had a confused air. 

It proved a relief to get 
away into Madrid's icy 
streets where anti-Nato dem- 
onstrators. overwhelmingly 
young people, at least were 
saying what they believed, 
however simpUstically. 

Almost everything has 
been left to the Spanish 
people to decide. La 
Vanguardia, the Barcelona 
daily newspaper, suggested 
even before the debate began 
that the best hope now is for 
the ordinary citizens to res- 
cue the politicians from the 
mess they have got them- 
selves into over Nato. 

Sunni Muslim militiamen standing guard over the UN helicopter brought down by a haH of gunfire east of the southern ^ port 

Hail of militia gunfire downs UN helicopter 

m. m - r* TWnxtn cowl hie haluvk 

Beirut (AP) - The Italian pilot of a 
UN helicopter brought down is 
sooth Lebanon said yesterday that a 
hail of militia gunfire forced him to 
make an emergency landing that set 
his craft on fire. 

It was the first time that Lebanese 
militia bad shot down a UN 
helicopter since the nine-nation UN 
Interim Force in Lebanon was sent 
on a peacekeeping mandate to South 
Lebanon in 1978. 

planes have been shot at by 
various militias in war-torn Lebanon 
many times in the past. But this is - 
the first time that gunfire forced a 

crash landing of a UN helicopter/ 
Uniffi spokesman Mr Timor Goksel 

Captain Dino Disanto said in 
South Lebanon’s port city of Sid on 
after his release yesterday that the 
helicopter’s engine, cockpit ami 
starter were riddled with bullets 
when be made the emergency 
landing in a valley east of the aty on 

Captain Disanto was speaking at 
the Sidon headquarters of the 
Islamic Coalition Movement, a 
fun damentalist Sunni Muslim fac- 
tion which claimed Us fighters shot 

down the UN craft by mistake. 

The group held the six crew and 
passengers of the helicopter for eight 
hours before turning them over to 
the LIN officials. An Islamic 
Coalition coautnniiqn£ said that the 
three Italian crewmen and three 
Scandinavian passengers were hand- 
ed over “safe and unbanned”. They 
said their men had mistaken the 
craft for a Sooth Lebanon Army 

Mr Goksel said that the passen- 
gers were the Finnish chaplain of the 
F innis h battalion, its paymaster and 
the Swedish battalion postmaster. 

Captain Disanto said his helicop- 
ter was on a regular flight 1 mm 
Beirut to UnifQ'» headquarter at the 
Lebanese border town of Naqoura 
when it was lashed by a windstorm 
west of Sidon and forced to veer 


The freed peacekeepers beaded 
overland to the L'zufiTs French 
battalion headquarters in Maarakeh, 
east of Lebanon’s southernmost dty 
of Tyre, where they spent the rest of 
the night after their release. They 
arrived for debriefing at Naqonra 

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'V^fes-’fes" Ys»' n £es,-fys” v ^s- Tea - 'fes’fes ■Yre' "fes'-Yfes 1 ^fcs'Tes' 'Tfea'fes’Tbs' , YBS’Tes , TeB , ^ , '^'^ , '^''Yfea''Yes^' , ^"YeE'Te5''Yi»^' , ^^^’'^'^ , 'Yw''yes^^'^''Ya^ , Y^^ , ^ , ^ , ^ , 'Y« , T!«''^*c' ts* 1 

c'Yes Tbs ’Ti»’ Tbs' Yss'•^ , Tbs' "fe 

■S'Tfes'lfeS '&3"TfeS' r &S , * , 9es''Yes '^s' ■Tfes' Tfee' TS*e' 'V* ' "'fal' ■'S m;' "fc.' 

s .^ s ^ s .y s .^f s .y &s Tfes Tfes Tfes 'Yes hs ^•^fes , '^!a ,, tbs ,r fes , '%s , ^bs , ^b9'^fes , ^fes'^ba"fts , '1fes , ^^ ,, SM , Tbs , nbs ,, YM , Tfe* , 'fai‘Tss'’lM , 'Y8a , 'fe , *1fes - T&a^ ^'Y^s , ^feg ,^ &B ,, %s ,, tfes'■SBs’^bB■^fe8 , ■>ta■^be'^feB■■Yes■^Bs''SEs'^bB■^te , 
s Tes ,n fes Tfes ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

s'^ ,, fe'‘'fe’'fe'^'yfa , ^' , Vfe3 , 'Yes-'Ye3''Y0s''Ye3 , "&s-'^ts , 'Yes , '*feE''Yl!s' r fes , 'Ybs , ’Yif3 , 'Yfe3' r fes''Yfai 
* , 'fes' ’Yes' ' tea' Tfes' TSea'T«" %s' 'Yes' 'Yes'Yes' ’Yes' ^fes'■YlBa" , fea , "fca*%»" , bs’'Y(» , *YB9' Tfe8'"fes“Yes"%s’ 

i' Tte' 'Tw' TM - 'Ybs' ■’fea' Tbs ' 1 Yes ■'Yfes' Tfe ■Tfas 1 Tfes-Tfes-Tbs' Tbo'Tfes'TfeB’Tfes' Tfea ■Tfes'Tba' Tfes 

s' Yes' 'fc'Tfes' Tfej' Ties' "te''Yes'-fc' , '^' n fi» , TM'Tes''^3' n feg'Tfe3''%s' , fes"Wfe ,, fa"lfe«"TlM"fa l 

f , Tfes^' , ^Tes'Tes , ^Yte'YM'fe^^ , T« , ^s , TK'Tfes'T8s’T^ ,, YM'Tes' r fes , Tfea ,,, fes , "fes 
; ,, ^ , ^''feTfes'‘YKTes'^ , TM^nfes'i^^''1\M'TB3 , 'W'Ybs'’*fl'Tfes' r lfes’ , Yfe3 , T(is , 'Yes , Tes 
"fes' 'Yis' Hfes' "fes' Tfes"^" Yes'Tes’Tfe3' Tes' 'Y-a'TH' TE*'■ , fes■?fcs , 'Yes’TBs’Tes’ 'YDS , "fes , 'Yja ,r fe3' "fetf 
■ r fe' r fei , 'Yfes , "&s ,r &5'-Y£3''Y:^ , Tes''&s , Tes 1 ''fes' , \fes , ’Yfes , Tes'Tfe3 ,, Yfe! ,, Ye8 , Tbs'Tes ,, Yes ,r fes’'1fe3 , Ybs 
■Tes - '1fe - Tbs' , Yes , ''fe''YK;'' 1 fes''Yb;' 1 '9Bs'Tes''Tfes , Tfea'Tbs’Tfes , TfeH , Tfes , 'Sfe» , Tfes , Ta3 , Tfe« , Tbs , Tfes , Tfes 
■ Tfes 1 ^ Tfes'TSes"^ "tes' 1 Yes' , YfeI■^fe3'^b9■^fes ,, Ybs'^fes' r tes , Tfes’ Tfes , Tfes'Tbs , Tbs , Tfes' 

Tfes'Tfes 1 Tea Tfe 'Tfes ' Tm‘ '% s ■Tes'-’to' Tfes Tbs' Tes'Tfes' 'Yfee'Tfe® ■Tbs'Tfes' ^fes , ^bs , ^fes , ^bs , Tfes' 

'fes'^fes-'fea' Tfes'Tbs' "fiss'^fes'Tes-Yes' ^fea■■ 1 fes , ^l?3"Se9 , 'Vefl■Tbs'^fes , 'Y5s , 'Ybs - 'Yes'Tes' Tas' Tbs' Tes' 
Tfes ^'Tes' Tfes'Tbs'Tfes' 'Yw' Tbs ' Tbs' Tbs "Tbs' Tfes'Tfes'Tbs' Tbs'Tfea'Tfes' Tbs'Tbs'Tfee’Tbs 

"*»' 'Yes■Tfes■^fes'T^es'Tfes , '■tes'Tfes'^bs*^Es•Tbs , Tfes'Tfes’ Tfe» "Tfes'Tfes' Tbs'TbsTfes’Tra'Tbs'Tfes'Tfes 
■^'Tfes’Tfes'T^ ' Tbs' Tbs' Tes'Tes '^ ' •'Vfes'Tbs'Tbs'Tfes 'Tbs' Tbs'Tbs'Tba’Tfea'Tbs'Tea’TBbs'Tfea'Tbs' 

Tbs' T^’T^ , 'Y^-Tfe'Tte-'^-Ti?s''-SM , TiM-TfeE- ■'fes' Tes" 

Tbs’T&sTfes ' Tfes-Tfes' Tes 
' Tfes' ■fea'Tfes-TbB'T&s- Tfcs 
' Tbs' Tfes ' Tfes-lfes' Tes'Tbs 1 

Tbs' Tfes ' Tbs'Tfes'Tfes' T m' T bs 'Tes Tfes Tfes'Tfes' 

TfesTbaTfesTfesTfes' Teo'Tes' T^’Tm' Tot' T bs' Tfes’Tts'TSss'YfS'TbaTfea 
' Yes' 'fe ’ -fe' ■ Tbs ' Tbs ,r fe 'Tbs' Tbs' Tfes'Tfes'Tfes'Tfes' Tes 'Tbs' Tbs' 
Tbs' Tot' T^'Tes'Tbs'TSes’Tbs'Tfes'Tfes'TfeB'Tfca'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tte'Tfes 
' ^'Tes' '’fes ‘ Tes ■•'^•Tfe''^'' , feis' Tbs' Tbs’ Tb3 ,r fes' Tbs' 'fes 'Ta8 ,, fes'Tfes 
Tfes 'Tbs''fe ■Tbs’Tes' 1 ^' Tfea' Tbs' Tfes'Tbs'Tfcs 1 Tbs- Tfes'Tbn'TbB’Tfes'Tbs 

1 Tbs' Tbs' Tbs' Tbs'Tbs 'Tfes 
' TSes' Tbs' Tes' ■Yes'TSi3 1 ''&i' 

"&s'Tfes'Tbs"Y5s'Yes-Y 2 s , Te3 , 'ibs'Tfes-&s , 'te s 'Tb s 

._ Tfes'Tb3 , Tfas'Tte'Tfes , Tba , Tfes , Tfcs’'fei" 1 fe8'Tfes' 
Tbs 1 tbs' Tfes'Tfes' Tbs Tfes'Tbs' Tbs "%»■ Tbs' Tbs' Tbs"Tbs"fes"Tfe8 , Tbfl'T6s l 
Tea' ''fes'-fee'"^ Tfes , '&s'-'&s , Tba' Tbs"Ybs'Tbs , 'fe’Tbs*Tbs’"lBs'Tbs*Tbs' 

Tbs' Tbs' Tbs' Tfes'Tfes' Tibs 
Tbs' 'fes' Tfes'Tbs-Tbs-fes 
Tfes , Tfe9 ,, '!w"Yba 1 Tes , Tes 

Tbs'Tbs' Tfes ■Tfes'Tfea' Tbs' Tbs'Tfes’Tbs'Tfea'Tbs 
Tfis 'Yes Tbs' 'Tbs' ■Yfes'-Yba' Tbs ‘Tbs' Tbs'Tbs’Tfes'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs’Tbs'Tbs 1 
i ^ ^ 8S ' '**' Tes'Tbs’Tbs' Tfes'Tte'Tbs’Tbs' Tiw’Tbs'Tbs 1 
ms 'ms " tbs' Tbs’ Tes-Tfes'Tbs' Tbs ■Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs’ Tbs' Tbs'TBa’Tte 1 
Tfe 6 ' , fe 1, Tas , Tfe5' , 'feTfes , Tfea'Tbs , Tfes'Tb* , Tte’'Ti» , Tbs'Tbs'Tea'Tbs‘'Tas' 
TS2S , Tes , Tfes'Tbs , Tfes"Tfes , Tfes , Tb9'Tbs‘Tbs , "fe9'Tfes'Tbs , TlsB , Tbs' r fes , Tbs" 
^sTe3 , Tes'Tas’Tfes'TbsTfesTesTfes'Tbs , Tbs , Tfes , 'fe3"Ybs , Tbs , '^s’Tfes 
Tes'Tbs'Tfes'Tfes 1 Tbs' Tbs ■•Ybs‘ Tes■Tfes'Tas , Tfes■Tbs■'^s , TBS , Tbs'Tet’Tta 

Tbs ' Tm' T fes' Tea' Tbs' Tbs ' Tea' Tes' Tbs' ■'^ , Tbs' Tfe' Tbs' Tes ‘Tbs' Tbs ,r ^' Tbs' Tfes 1 Tas' - ^' Tea 'Tbs' Tbs' T bs' T bs 'Tbs 
Tes’Tas' Tbs' ^es , ■^J|■TBs , TMl , Tbs■^es , Tbs■Tfes , r &s' T&s , TBa , "fes' r fes’TM’T83' Tbs'Tbs''%s , Tu , T9s l Tbs'Tes' , 1fes'Tbs'Tbs' 

Te^ ^ 'Tea' Tbs' Tes' Tbs' Tbs' Tbs' T ot' T bs' Tbs' 'fe'W Tbs' T^'TosTa' Tbs ‘Tbs' Tbs' Tes 'Tbs' Tbs' Tbs' Tbs'Tbs' Tbs 
Tbs'Tb'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs' Tfes 'Tes'Tbs'Tbs' Tw'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs' Hbs’ Tbs' Tb9 , *%s'Tes , Tes , Tbs'Tbs‘'%s , Tbs 'Tbs 'Tbs'Tbs'Tas I Tes' 

Tbs'Tes''^'Tfes , Tfe9'Tfes"Tbs , T5s , Tbs"Tes , Tas' Tbs' Tas'Tfes'Tfes'Taa'Tes'TBs'Tte'Tw'Tes' Tes' TttB’TBa'Tss'^fca'Tbs'TBs'Tbs' 
Tbs' Tfe' T bs' T bs 'Tbs'Tfe9 , Tbs‘Tbs'Tbs' , ^ , Tes'Tfes , Tfes'Tbs'TBs' Tbs' Tbs'Tbs'Tfes'Tes' Tbs' Tbs' Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'TM’Tfes'TfeB'Tbs’ 
TBs"Tes'Tbs''%9'Tbs'Tfa'Tfes'Tas' , %s'TBsf'fe , TBs'TK'Tbs'Tfes'TBs'Tefl’Tes , Tbs , Tbs'Tes'Tbs'TbD , Tfe9'Tbs , TBs , Te8’Tbs , Tas' 
Tbs'Tb*'Tbs'T6s'Tbs'Tbs*Tbs ,, fe , Tb3’Tbs'TBS , '®s , Tfes‘Tbs'Ti«'Tbs'Tbs’Tfes’Tfe9 , Tbs'Tes'TBS , ‘TfeB , Tbs'Tb8 , Tfe8 , T8s , 'tes , Tbs' 
Tbs' TfesTbs’Tbs' Tbs' Tfes'Tfes’Tes'Tbs'Tbs"YbsTbs"fes'Tbs'Tbs' Tbs’ Tbs'TfesTfes - Tbs"fe"W1bs’'W*s , Tte , Tfes~tfes'Tbs l 
'^ , T*s’Tte''fe'Tbs'Tfes'TES , Tas' , ^'Tbs‘T9S , '^ , '^ , Tbs , Tss , Tbs'Tas , *^ , TBs , Tes , TBs , '%rfTfes , Tfes'Tfea , Tbs , Tbs’TetfTfei’ 
Tbs'‘fe' Tes' Tea 'TBs’Tra'Tfes' Tea' Tba'Tbs'Tes'Tbs'Tfes'Tbs' Tbs 'Tbs'Tfes’Tbs’Tbs^ Tbs *Tbs'Tb3’Tbs 'Tbs' Tbs’Tba' Tbs' Tbs" Tbb 1 
Tes , TM'TBs'Tes'Tes'T»'TbD'TBs'Tfes'Tes'T» , Tbs , Tbs' , ^ , Tes , Tbs'Tbs , Tbs’Tb3''^ , Tes , Tba‘Tbs , WTb9 , TBs*’W , &s’Tbs' 
Tbs'Tba'Tbs’Tbs'^ TbsTbs'Tas'Tes'Tbs'^ Tbs'Tfes’Tba’Tbs’Tbs'^ Tbs'Tbs'Tbs' 'Tbs'Tas'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs’Tbs’Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs' 
Tbs'Tbs ' Tbs'Tbs’Tbs'Tbo' Tte' Tbs'Ths' Tss’Tbs , Tfes - ’to’Tbs' Tbs'Tbs'Tbs’Tbs'Tes'Tbs'Tbs'TBs'TBs’Tes'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tba 
TM'Tfes , Tfe8''SM , Tfes , Tes , TM , Te9'T2S'TM'Tai , Tfes , '%s , T9H'TM , ''W 

Tb^ Tfes ’ Tea’ Tbs' , Y»s' Tfes'Ts' Tbs' Tes' Tbs ■'Ym'Tm' Tot ’T te'WTas' Tea' T bs •^'■^'-^'■^■T^-Tba' Tbs 'Tas^W'Tis'Tes' 
TbsTbtf Tbs' Tea' Tea Tfes'Tfes’TBs'Tta' TBtfTBB'Tbs'TEB' Ttes 1 ’’fea’ Tbs’ TasTfes' Tbs’^E' TbsTbsTYbaTfes- 'WTbs' Tbs' Tbs' Tbs' 

Tbs'Tbs' Tes'Tba'Tbs' Tbs' Tbs'T^Tss' Tbs' Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tes'Tfes' Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tss' 'Tto'Tbs'Tw'TbB’Tbs’Tbs'Tfes' Tbs' Tbs 
Tbs' Tbs’ Tbs ’ Tbs' ^'TfesTfes 'Tbs’ T bs' T w'^'W Tbs' 'fe' Tbs' Ta , '^' , ^ , TM''^' Tbs 'Tbs' T bs , Te«' Tbs' Tbs' 'fes' Tbs 'Tfea 
'te' Tbs’^’Tw-Tta' Tbs^Tbs'^' Tas'TM'TM'Tfes’Tfes' Tfes*T&9'Tba'Tbs'Tfe^Tbs , 'lto - Tte'Tfes’ r fe* , Tas' Tas'TBS'Tba'Tbsrfes,’ 
Tbs' Tes' Tbs'T^Tbs’Tbs' Tes' Tbs 'Tbs'Tfes' Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs' Tbs' TM'TM'Tes 'TBfl'Tas' Tbs' Tbs’Tbs'Tfea' Tbsnfes'Tbs'Tbs , TB8' 
Tfes'Tfes'Tbs'TSOT'Tea' Tbs' Tas'Tfes'^Tfes' TteTfes^Tbs'^' Tbs' Tes'Tes’ Tfes'Tbs'Tto’Tbs'Tes'TBs'Tto'Tfee’TW^ 
T*s' T^' Tbs’ Tes' Tbs' Tfes' ^ ^ ' Tfes •'^"'fcs ’ ^ 'Tto' Tbs' Tfe3 - 'fe'Tba , T«' Tbs' Tbs' Tas' Tbs' r fer’ Tbs' Tbs 'Tbs' "fes' 
^bs'■^bs■^bs'1&s , ^WTes■^bs■^bs'^bs■^fes'^bs•^bs'^bs , T»■^te'■fe■^bs'^bs■^fe8■■fes■^bs■^fes■^bs■^bs'Tbs , ^e9■^fes■^bs‘^fes■ 
Tfes'Tfes ‘Tbs' Tbs'Tbs’Tbs' Tbs' Tss'Tbs' Tbs' Tbs' Tbs'Tfes'Tbs’Tbs' Tbs Tbs' Tbs'Tbs'TSss’Tes'Tfes'Tfes' Tbs' Tbs' Tbs’ Tbs' Tbs^bs" 
Tbs' Tss'Tba'Tes' TfcB'Tfes’to'TOT' Tbs'T^Tbs'Tfea'Tes’Tbs , '^ , Tb»' Tbs*Tbs' Tbsf Tes'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'TBs'Tfes’Tbs'TBa'TB'Tfea' 
Tbs , Tbs'Tbs , Tbs ,, ^'TBs'TBfl'Tbs'Tbs'Tfes'Tbs , Tbs'Tbs'TfeS I Tbs'Tbs' Tbs' Tbs' Tbs’ I %s'Tbs''%9 > Tb& > TB8'Tbs' Tbs' Tbs'Tbfl'Tbs' 
Tbs'Tfes'Tfes'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'T^^'Tes''WT^'^ , TBs‘Tb8 , Tbs , Tbs'Tes'“fcfi , Tes , Tbs'Tbs'TBb‘'Tfes'Tbs , TBs’Tss’Tbs , Tbs , Tbs’ 
Tbs'Tbs , TBsTbs , Tbs , Tbs'Tas ,, WTbs , Tfes , TBsTbs'Tte‘Tes , Tbs , Tbs , TbsTbs'Tbs , Tbs'Tbsnbs'Tfcs , Tfes , Tba , Tbs'Tfea , Tbs , Tbs’ 
Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs , ’fes'Tes‘Tbs'Tbs'Tbs , TBs'TBs' Tbs' Tbs' Tbs' Tea Tbs’ Tbs , 'SB'Tbs'Tbs'"%s"%a , Tfes‘Tbs , Tbs'Tes' Tbs' Tbs' Tbs’ 
’te'Tfes'Tfes'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs’Tbs'Tbs' Tbs' Tbs’Tbs'Tes’ Tfes’ "^s’TfesTfes' T&s'Tbs'Tfes’ Tbs' Tbs’ '%s , "fes'TbsTbs'Tfea Tbs" Tbs' Tbs' 

^"Tbs'Tba'Tbs' Tbs' TfcB’Tbs'Tfes' Tbs' Tbs' Tbs'Tbs’ Tbs' Tbs'Tbs'Tbs 1 Tbs' Tbs' ^fes , ^bs , ^fes■^bs , Tb8■^fe8■^fcs'Tbs■^bs'Tfes , ■^■ Tbs' Tbs’ Tfes'Tta'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tbs'Tes'TbS'Tfes' 

Tfes obs bs ws ^ass Tes ks «bs Tea Tfes’ 

Pope’s visit to India 

Plea for dialogue 
with all faiths 

From Michael HamJyn, Goa 

The Pope yesterday re- 
newed his appeal for unity 
among Christian denomina- 
tions. while his siaff were ai 
the same time stressing that 
tiie sew emphasis in the 
jPope’s attitude was on di- 
alogue with non-Christian 

{man, Mr Joaquin Navarro 
{Walls, pointed out as the 
(Pope was speaking that his 
{emphasis on dialogue with 
(the non-Christians was a new 
strategy. “It is 20 years since 
{the Second Vatican Council” 
$aid Mr Navarro. “And from 
hen we have been working 
>n ecumenism, on dialogue 
rith other Christian confes- 
sions - Anglicans, Lutherans, 
so on. That should 

“But the Holy Father feels 
[that this is not enough. What 
is needed now is a profound 
dialogue with all the faiths of 
the world, so that we can 
agree on the main issues of 
man and mankind.” 

The Pope, in the course of 
remarks made at a celebra- 
tion at Mangalore in the 
south Indian state of Kar- 
nataka, again urged Indians 
of faiths other than Christian 
to unite in dialogue. He said 
to representatives of Hindus, 
Muslims, Sikhs. Jains, Bud- 
dhists and Parsees that their 
presence meant that they 
recognized “the need for ail 
religious traditions to join 
hands against the forces 
which muitate against the 
luxnan and spiritual dignity 
>f human beings”. 

Earlier, at Goa, he con- 
itrated on the unity of 
istians, saying that the 
and present divisions 
tong them were “a scandal 
non-Christians, a glaring 
miradiciion of the will of 
st, a serious obstacle to 

the Church’s efforts to pro- 
claim the gospel." 

He said that the work of 
ecumenism demanded con- 
stant effort, and that it began 
with the “primary unity” that 
already existed because of 

“But we must be eager to 
work for the fullness of unity 
among the followers of 
Christ," he said at an early 
morning Mass on the banks 
of the River Mandovi. He 
praised the progress that had 
been achieved already. 

In fact. Goa was a slightly 
odd place at which to be 
preaching about Christian 
unity. It was the first place to 
be 'convened by Roman 
Catholic missionaries from 
Europe and. since the first of 
the Portuguese arrived in 
1300, has maintained a 
solidly Roman Catholic loy- 
alty. The Archbishop of Goa 
was created patriarch of all 
the east Indian churches in 
the last century, and the 
number of Protestants in the 
territory would scarcely fill a 
Methodist chapel. 

The Goan Catholics revere 
St Francis Xavier, the Jesuit 
missionary who arrived here 
in 1542 and whose mortal 
remains are in the Basilica of 
Dorn Jesus in Old Goa. They 
go on public view every 12 
years so that the faithful may 
marvel at the miraculous lack 
of corruption after 432 years. 

The Pope will meet Dr 
Robert Runcie, the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, who is 
also beginning a ‘tour of 
India, at the weekend in 

When the Pope sent letters 
to the heads of other faiths 
inviting them to preach 
together on the peace of the 
world. Dr Runcie was the 
first to agree to come. 

0 seconds will just give us time to say 
:o you and 5,999 other banking customers, 
■y the end of the year; our brand new 
niter system wili be able to handle up to 
•ansactions every second. And instantly 
te every account. 

his does more than maintain our lead in 
tology. It plays an important part in 
.oping the TSB Group's wide range of 

bese grew apace last year and profits 
up 10.1% to £169.3 million, as you can 
om our latest Annual Report. 

>ur speed off the mark with free banking 
rated a noteworthy increase in our 
.ner base. We opened almost a million 
cheque accounts during the year. And 
neased our share of the youth market. 

Personal, mortgage and corporate lending 
grew substantially. 

But our fondness for saying ‘yes' has taken 
us far beyond banking. 

Look at the continued success of the TSB 
Trust Company: 

Prom a standing start in 1968, we‘ve built 
one of the leading unit-linked life assurance 
companies, a rapidly growing general 
insurance business and one of the nation's 
largest unit trust management groups. 

There are now 2 .35 million TSB Ttustcards 
in circulation: 10% more than a year ago. 

We have a major finance house, UDT 
one of the biggest vehicle rental and leasing 
groups. Swan National, and a major vehicle 
distribution group. Each of them showed 
profit improvements. 

Overall, our non-banking activities now 
account for 28% of TSB Group profits. 

That’s what happens when you say Ves' 
to your customers’ needs. 

If you send in the coupon, you can read 
all about it. 

Though it may take you more than, a minute. 

lb TSB Group Communications. PO Box 33. 25 Milk Street. 
London. EC2V8LU 

Please send me your Annual Report and Accounts for tbe year 
to 20 November I98S. 

Name: .... 

Postcode: ttv 2 


Spielberg film in the 
running for Oscar 

From Ivor Davis 
Los Angeles 

Steven Spielberg’s firs* se- 
rious dramatic fibs. The 
Colour Purple* which has a 
cast of unknowns, and the 
$30 million (£20 million) saga 
Out of Africa* starring Meryl 
Streep and Robert Redford. 
are front-runners for tbe 58th 
annual Oscar awards on 
March 24. Each picture has 
gathered 1 J nominations. 

However, Spielberg, even 
though he is me of the most 
successful directors in Holly- 
wood history, - has been over- 
looked personally, despite the 
inany nominations for his 
film. Based on Alice Walker's 
Pulitzer Prize- winning book, 
it has received nominations 
for best actress (newcomer 
Whoopi Goldberg}, best film 
and best supporting actress, 
as well as other technical 

Oar of Africa* based on the 
book by Karen Sfixen, is 
nominated for best film, best 
director (Sydney Pollack), 
brat actress (Meryl Streep, 
who has won two best actress 
trophies already), and best 
supporting actor, for Klaus 
Maria Brandaner. 

. Perhaps the most 
pgngmng race is shaping Qp 
m the best actress category. 
Streep feces Goldberg, Aim 
Bancroft as the Mother 
Superior In Agues of Cod* 
Jessica Lange as the Consatry 
and Western singer Patsy 
&***,}? Sm Dreams, and 
GeraMuie Page as the elderly 
m the low-budget 

Whoopi Goldberg; leading a 
cast of unknowns. 

WRhly acclaimed Trip to 

In tire best actor category 
®. e front-runner is Jack 
rtltfeobon, for his role as the 
dumb' but likeable hit man in 
Prizzi’s Honour. Also in 
contention are Harrison Ford 
for his role in ff'&nexs; James 
Career in Murphy’s Ro- 
mances William Hurt in Kiss 
of the Spider Womans and 
7W VOight “ tonawap 

PzizzTs Honour* a Made 
remedy directed by John 
Huston, also earned a best 
nlm and best director nomi- 
siatjoev plus best supporting 
actress nomination for 
Hnston’s daughter. Angelica, 
8hd _ best supporting actor 
nomination for W illiam Hick- 

agei “8 Mafia ‘tea- 

air Richard Attenborough's 
Chorus Line, received three 


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The drinks world is currendy ruled by 
international giants 

Ids a sobering thought that two thirds of 
the whisky sold around the world is not Scotch 

It is Canadian whisky. American whiskey. 
Even Japanese whisky. 

So if Britain is to compete in the future, 

strong measures are called for now. 

At Guinness, we believe the merger with 

Distillers will give Britain the strength it needs 

in the international arena 

Our new group will manage an arsenal of 
world famous brands 

And our combined strength will put us 

into the big league with the likes of Seagram 

and Suntory. 

But this merger is not just about muscle. 

It has a great deal to do with the special 

skills required to persuade new whisky drinkers 

in America, Japan and Europe to switch to 

Scotch whisky. 

At Guinness, we have proven flair for 

advertising and brand development. 

We will commit this talent to increasing 

sales worldwide. 

And increased sales mean new jobs 

Significandy, an increase in Distillers’ sales 

of Scotch whisky of just 2% could get a distillery 

in Scotland working again. 

Together, Distillers and Guinness will be 

good for exports 

Good for jobs. And good for Britain. 

We urge you to support our bid. 


Guinness and Distillers. A stroke of genius. 

. J- 

W hed by Morgan Grenfell Si Co Limited and The British Linen Bank on behalf of Guinness PLCThe Directors of Guinness PLC are the persons responsible for the information contained in this advertisement. To the best of their knowledge 
This adveitiseni«K^P u ^^^^y e care to ensure suehis the case) the information contained in this advertisement is in accordance with the facts. The Directors of Guinness PLC accept responsibility accordingly. SOURCE: International Wine and Spirit Record. 

E U„ 

— Bj 


As unemployment tops 3.4 million for the first time., some firms in the Green Belt are crying out for staff 

brought jobs galore 

to the Sussex 

Downs. But, as 

William Greaves 

reports, expansion 

is creating its 

own problems 


I HiPi 




••A/’' • 





T- W v 



| While the rest of Britain sadly 
digested last week’s disclosure 
that unemployment had topped 
the 3.4 million mark for the first 
time, John Skipper could not 
resist a wry smile at the irony of 
it all. Mr" Skipper is personnel 
and training manager of a Sussex 
firm which employs 1.200 peo- 
ple. “1 could take on another 100 
if I could find them", he said.. 
And thereby hangs a tale. 

It is a laJe guaranteed to reduce 
the dispirited job hunters of 
Liverpool. T>neside. Scotland 
and South Wales to tears of 
impotent rage. Draw a circle of 
some dozen miles radius around 
Crawley and you identify - a 
region with a unique problem in 
present day industrial Britain: its 
unemployment figure is too low. 

Mr Skipper’s firm, Redifiusioa 
simulation, makes flight simu- 
ators for airline pilot training. It 
s one of scores of companies 
yased in Crawley and spawned 
>y nearby Gat wick Airport whose 
■xpansion plans are currently 
rustrated by a chronic lack of* 
nanpower. “Some of the va- 
■3ncies are for software tech- 
ticians of whom there is a 
lationa! shortage”, he admits, 
"but most are for the sort of 

The town of Crawley, looking 
east: Gatwiek airport, to the 
left of the picture, is the 
expanding gold mine that has 
brought job hooters rushing 
here by the thousand - only to 
find there is nowhere to live. 
Thirty thousand jobs could be. 
filled by 1990 if housing was 
available. But a three- 
bedroomed semi costs 
£50,000 and almost half the 
planning applications are re- 

• ■ East .? 

, « Row 

f “ 


/ \ 

it • W 

Haywards A 275 '-. 



raftsmen who would snap up an 
•PDominiiv like this anywhere 

begging in the next five years; 
that the existence of Gatwiek 
Airport is an incontrovertible 
fact: that commercial growth is 
inevitable and that it is far better 
to plan for it than to allow small 
towns and villages to be spoilt by 
piecemeal developments. A rigid 
adherence to Green Belt policies 
is. they say. at best insensitive 
and at worst immoral. 

•ppominily like this anywhere 
Ise in the country." 

Cynics would claim that this is 
•ne more example of a redun- 
!ant national workforce being 
nprepared to shed their roots 
nd go out in search of a pay 
ackeL They would be wrong, 
housands have made the pil- 
rimage to Crawley, undergone 
ie agonies of interview and the 
trill of selection, only to be 
onfronted by the cruel truth — 
terc is nowhere for them to live. 
Despite Gatwick's status as the 
Mirth busiest international air- 
on in the world and Crawley's 
< plosion into a new town of 

1.000 people, both are sur- 
junded by green and gracious 
juntrvside, sandwiched between 
ie noble scenery of the North 
id South Downs. 

The battle lines are drawn. Mid 
assex. an area of determined 
rnlilily whose arguments hith- 
10 have usually revolved 
ound the price of farmland and 
ie cost of a monthly season 
:ket to the City, is bracing itself 
•r a conflict which many believe 
ill prove to be the 
ivironment’s very own 

The industrial lobby claims 
at unless there is a last and 
rious housebuilding pro- 
amme. 30.000 new jobs will go 

"If we give in now we 
might as well pack 
in the Green Self 

longer-lived than Liverpool’s, 
Glasgow's or Newcastle’s. 

The arguments have, of course, 
a familiar ring. Many of them 
have been trotted out wherever a 
new airport is planned, a new 
road projected or a new town 
positioned. On two counts, how- 
ever. Gatwiek and its environs 
are dangerously different. First it 
is not a plan; it is already there. 
Second, the battle statistics are 
not comparative but superlative. 
The national unemployment fig- 
ure is the worst ever. At 5 per 
cent Crawley's unemployment 
level is the smallest of any town 
in Britain. The commercial 
growth potential of the Gatwiek 
area is greater than anywhere else 
in the country. 

There is another difference, 
too. Just for a change the 
environmentalists and the plan- 
ners are on the same side. 
Between October 1984 and 
September last year 45 per cent 
of all residential planning 
applications in central Sussex 
(the area around Crawley and 
Horsham) were turned down, 
compared with an average of 
only 26 per cent nationwide. And 
although the average number of 

Caledonian airline manager and 
chairman of Gatwiek 2000. 
"Anyone out of work has an 
abysmal environment, however 
many green fields there are 
around him. Firms here are 
capable of generating employ- 
ment and they are here because 
Gatwiek is here and their 
customers are here - it’s no use 
telling them to move to a 
depressed area. We don’t want to 
see a ribbon of houses all the way 
from Crawley to Horsham — that 
would be a mistake. All that's 
needed is to take one village and 
to build it up into a proper new 
community with all the necessary 
back-up facilities." 

. Bill Ashpole's view that Green 
Belt regulations were introduced 
to prevent opportunist develop- 
ment of agricultural land and to 
stop marring of the countryside, 
not as an artificial obstruction to 
commercial expansion, is shared 
by Mr Stuart Milner, principal of 
Crawley College of Technology 
and chairman of Crawley Indus- 
trial Group. "What we should be 
asking ourselves is where 
Crawley is going in the next 10 or 
20 years, thinking about it and 
planning for it. It's no good 
chanting ‘No encroachment* 
when encroachment is inevitable. 
So let's do it property instead of 
in bits and pieces, and if Wimpey 


Sir Peter Hordern,MP 

house completions in the area 
between 1978 and 1984 was 

3,5QQ houses 

The environmentalists are un- 
impressed. It is. they reply, 
precisely this kind of shortsighted 
and pre-emptive commercial 
power play that the Green Bell 
was constituted to oppose; that if 
it gave way once the end result 
would be a swathe of concrete 
from Croydon to Brighton; that 
there is no reason to believe that 
Gatwick's prosperity will be any 

between 1978 and 1984 was 
1600 a year, there are plans to 
reduce this figure to i,500 a year 
by 1991. 

The pro-industry brigade, led 
into battle by a group calling 
itself Gatwiek 2000, gaze upon 
these figures in fury and taunt 
their opponents with accusations 
of complacency' and *Tm all 
right Jack" attitudes. 

“Employment has got to be the 
biggest consideration of all", 
insists Mr Bill Ashpole, British 


Planning applications received (Oct 84-Sept 85): 626 dwellings 

Planning applications approved in same period: 343 dwellings 

Percentage approved. 55 per cent 

Percentage approved in England. 74 per cent 

Number of households in region (1961) 63,000 

(1981) 108.000 

(1996 projected) 132,000 

Housing completions (average 1978-1984) 2,600 per year 

(estimated average 1984-1991) 1,850 per year 

(estimated average 1991-1996) 1,500 per year 


Maktenbower Estate. Crawley. 3,500 houses 

(Final planning application pending but Ekety 
to be approved). 

Southwater village, near Horsham 8,000 houses 

(Proposed by local house agents, opposed by 
Sir Peter Hordern MP. West Sussex County Council, 

Horsham District Counci and local residents). 


Jobs filled in region (1971) 108,000 (Gatwiek 9,000) 

<1962) 121,900 (14,100) 

(1996 - County Council tow estimate) 125,400 (21,000) 

(1996 - County Council high estimate) 146,000 (23,000) 

(Crawley and District Industrial Association believe an additional 30,000 jobs could 
be tilted by 1990 It suttidem housing was available-) 


1976 : 3-bed semi on Crawley housing estate £13,000 

1986 : Same -property £50,000 

or McAlpme want to build large 
housing developments let it be a 
condition that they put in the 
roads, the village hall and the rest 
of the infrastructure that a new 
community needs." 

None of which impresses Sir 
Peter Hordern. Conservative MP 
for Horsham. He agrees readily 
enough that a lot of people in 
other parts of the country would 
like to come and live in his 
constituency but insists: "Lf we 
give in now we might as well 
pack in the Green Belt policy 
altogether. A plan has been put 
forward to develop 100.000 acres 
at Southwater, a very lovely area 
near here. It is my belief that 
developments like this ought to 
be taking place in the docklands 
and out at Tilbury rather than 
flogging my part of the country 
all the time. 

semi on a housing estate is selling 
now for just under £50,000. If 
more were built they would 
probably be still beyond the 
range of a worker selling up in, 
say. South Shields: and who’s to 
say that they wouldn't be 
snapped up by commuters cur- 
rently paying even more than 
that for similar accommodation 
in Godalming or Leatherhead in 
the real stockbroker belt? 

‘There are parts of 
Sussex crying out 
for development 9 

8,000 houses 

108,000 (Gatwiek 9,000) 
121.900 (14,100) 

121.900 (14,100) 
125,400 (21,000) 
146.000 (23,000) 

“This boom in the South-east 
may not last forever and if it 
subsides we could have dev- 
astated the area in order to create 
a ghost town. As it is. there are 
parts of Sussex 25 or 30 miles 
away which are crying out for 
development — with improved 
roads and communications peo- 
ple could live there and travel 
here to work.” 

In an area of fast rising house 
prices — they were up by 13 per 
cent last year and are expected to 
rise even more in I9S6 - estate 
agents say that they would have 
no difficulty in selling twice the 
stock currently available. At first 
sight, therefore, it was strange to 
find one of them, Mr David 
Spread bo rough, Crawley office 
manager of Turner, Rudge and 
Turner, siding with Sir Peter 
Hordern and “the greens". 

“A very modest three-bedroom 

*‘A client of ours recently 
moved to Darlington. He sold a 
two-bedroom end-terrace house 
here for £43.000 and found a 
three-bedroom detached house 
there for £35.000. Imagine the 
shock of doing that move in the 
opposite direction.” 

Yet still the figures speak for 
themselves. On just one day in 
August, last year, the job centres 
of West Sussex had on their 
books 3,355 unfilled vacancies 
and there were another 3,(22 on 
the same day in south Surrey - 
the sort of statistics which would 
be unthinkable in most other 
parts of the country. 

Should parts of mid-Sussex's 
green and pleasant land be 
sacrificed to a national clamour 
for jobs or should the beauty 
surrounding such towns as 
Horsham, Haywards Heath and 
East Grinstead be protected for 
the fortunate people who already 
enjoy its company? Pul another 
way: is there a Solomon in the 



The weekend starts here 

Marathon men selling the Games 


Tn just five months 
Edinburgh hosts 
the Commonwealth 
Games but sponsors 
are still being sought 



Paperback writer 

Everybody has at least one book in them - or 
so we all like to believe. With advances 
sometimes over £‘^m and paperback sales 
booming, yon can't claim lack of motivation. 
But yon need the best advice. The Times, in 
consultation with a publisher (anonymous), 
presents a blueprint for a guaranteed 
blockbuster. Read ail about it. 


East of the 

Be my 
Satin hearts 
and flowers 

to be won 

Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent, please deliver/save me a copy of The Times 



Long before the first athletes 
leave their starting blocks in 
the 13th Commonwealth 
Games, which open in Edin- 
burgh on July 24, the 
organizers will have com- 
pleted their own gruelling 
private marathon. 

The games will be the 
biggest the Commonwealth 
has held and the first to be 
staged without any financial 
lifeline from the Government. 
A minimum £!0m has to be 
raised from sponsors but with 
five months to go. and after 
four years of planning, con- 
tracts worth only £5J5m have 
been signed. The consortium 
selling the event as a promo- 
tional package to industry 
and commerce remains ‘'per- 
fectly confident" ibat the 
funds are in the pipeline with 
a good chance of reaching the 
original target of £l2m. 

Maurice Griffiths, director 
of the consortium, said that 
sponsors often waited on til 
the lost moment before 
clinching a deal. -What we 
are offering is a worldwide 
television audience of 1.000 
million. the outside 
broadcasting event of the year 
and the most intensive media 
coverage", he said. 

Even so there have been 
several nerve-racking mo- 
ments: an event on which so 
much public artentioo is 
focused may be useful for 
promoting a company but it 
can also be used to promote a 
cause. Protests against apart- 
heid that led to the blacking 
of television coverage of (he 
Dairy Crest Games in the citv 
might have damaged the 
attraction to sponsors of 
linking their product to a 


But the organizers see 
nothing before the opening of 
the games that is likely to 
cause any protests. Mr 
Kenneth Bnrthwick. chairman 
of the organizing committee, 
said: “Ail the Commonwealth 
countries know where we 
stand- on apartheid and that 
we are doing everything 
possible to keep pace with the 
Gieneagles agreement. We 
aiso realize that so much is 
beyond onr control." 

About one quarter or the 30 
companies and organizations 
sponsoring the games are 
Scottish, the largest being the 
Distillers Company which 
has signed a £ 1.35m contract 
that will be unaffected by its 
current takeover situation. 
The consortium expects that 
half the sponsors will prove 
to be multi-national compa- 
nies and a marketing drive is 
about to start in south-east 
England to advise businesses 
of the advertising coverage 
still available. 

“We reckon there will be 
121) hours of television in 
Australia and New Zealand 
and 90 hours in Canada 
devoted to tbe games. We are 
negotiating for a leading 
cable company to relay them 

across nearly half the United 
Slates". Griffiths said. 

Two tiers of advertising 
hoardings will stand unavoid- 
ably in the sweep of the 
television cameras at 
Meadow bank and the other 
sporting venues and advertis- 
ing banners will line the 
marathon route. Luxurious 
hospitality suites costing up 
to £30.000 each overlook the 
Meadowbank track ami most 
hare been taken. Sports still 
seeking a sponsor are boxing, 
shooting and cycling plus two 
days each of swimming and 
bowling events. 

The games will bring a 
bonanza to the city of 
Edinburgh with an estimated 
two million visitors during tbe 
10 days of competition. The 
Edinburgh International 
Festival with its tattoo and 
fringe follow a week later, 
maintaining the momentum. 

To date 50 of the 58 
Commonwealth countries 
hare accepted the invitation 
to take pan and about 2,900 
athletes will compete in the 
largest and most repre- 
sentative games ever- Along- 
side tbe athletics nil! be a 
Commonwealth cultural festi- 
val centred on the Princes 
Street Gardens. Each country 
taking pan will contribute 
with its national music, dance 
or arts. 

“It does mean a great deal 
to the city", said Kenneth 
Bonhwick. a former Lord 
Provost and long-serving dis- 
trict councillor. “I was in- 
volved when Edinburgh last 

hosted the games in 1970 for 
which Meadowbank stadium 
and the commonwealth swim- 
ming pool were built. There , 
were terrible rows, about I 
spending so ranch on what 
some were convinced would 
be a couple of white ele- 
phants. They were wrong. 
Not only have they been 
enormously popular and a 
catalyst to the interest in 
sport that sprang from those 
games but they are now 
proving a valuable legacy." 

The 400 volunteers on 37 
committees organizing tbe 
games are non praying for a 
fine summer, a calm political 
climate and an outbreak of 
generous Interest among 
sponsors in south-east En- 


1 Hamlet jester (6) 
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Ronald Faux 


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Koom with a visw: Maggie Smith In her dressing room. What I like about Interpreters is that 

Fm not in anyone's shadow'. 

The prime of Ms Smith 






The self serving anecdotes, pulling 
of faces and touching of kwi^ 

• expected by chat show hosts (or 
“television vivacities’’, as Gore 
Vidal calls them) and their audi- 
ences of sing-a-long coach parties is 
one reason why Maggie Smith 
avoids prime time television inter- 

“It's come to the point where 
you're a standnip comic, because I 
don't think anybody can handle it 
unless they’re screechingly funny. 
You know”, she snips her fingers, 
“one-liners and being camp with 
Teny Wogan. 

“1 can’t do that. Fd die of 
embarrassment so I don't go near it 
I hate all those kind of things** 
Dressed for a pre-show workout in a 
black leotard embroidered with a 
silver star, Maggie Smith looked as 
if she were about to join Steed in yet 
another revival of The Avengers. A 
‘j,poor performance (her opinion) 

* earlier that week as Nadia in Ronald 
Harwood's Interpreters at Queen’s 
Theatre, Shaftesbury Avenue; was 
blamed on the debilitating effects of 
antibiotics prescribed 'for n heavy 

Next month a lavish film version 
of EM. Forster’s comedy of man- J 
ners, A Room With A View, co- 
starring Maggie Smith as Charlotte 
Bartlett, receives its Cambridge 

“One doesn't always fell in love 
with whom one intends — and when 
one does, there’s no certainty that 
anybody else will approve”, is one 
blurb writer’s soapy exposition to 
the media of EM. Forster's comedy 
of manners. 

During . filming on location _ in 
Italy, she says, it was “either raining 
and impossible to shoot or 105 
^degrees with people feinting". 

Smith found Charlotte Bartlett “a 
very irritating woman. I t hink she 
was based on an aunt of Forster’s 
whom he didn’t like”. Chaperone to 
Lucy (Helena Bonham-Carter), 
“Charlotte is one of those people 

Maggie Smith, who stars in a new film version 
- of A Room with a View, talks about her 
current stage role and why she hates chat shows 

who is always driving others mad by 
saying; T don’t want to be any 
trouble’. They’re forever trying to 
keep themselves out of the way and 
are thereby permanently in the way 
by rushing about Still, she fern 
deep remorse in the end — at least 
that's what happens in foe film — 
and saves foe day”. 

Maggie Smith lias been described 
as difficult because of her refusal to 
give interviews on set confining 
them to foe postHsbooting period. 
“That probably goes back to Brodie, 
the only film to date in which 1 was 
involved in every frame and 
therefore your concentration has to 
be fairly bright Quite frankly, Judi 
Dench and I sat around in Florence 
so long f or A Room With A View we 
would have talked to anybody about 
anything. I mean if you're doing 
something very difficult you can’t 
take time out to go to the caravan 
and talk about your divorce — which 
is all they want to know about It 
seems to me fetuous”. 

M aggie Smith has won 
Oscars for The Prime of 
Miss Jean Brodie and 
California Suite. In 1981 
she returned to Britain after four 
years in Canada because “foe boys 
(her two sons) were kind of muddled 
as to whether they should be playing 
ice hbckey or cricket”. She played 
parts- at the Festival Theatre, 
Stratford, Ontario, which she feds 
she would not have been offered in 

In 1975 foe was divorced from 
Robert Stephens and, foe same year, 
mamed script writer Beverly Cross, a 
sweetheart of younger days. They 
have a country retreat in West Sussex 
which she visits “on Saturday nights, 

Sunday meanings ... but the prob- 
lem of where to live only occurred 
now with Interpreters. I am looking 
for a flat in London, a permanent 

Interpreters marks the return of the 
well made comedy and well turned 
phrase. Nadia doesn’t fancy three 
days of sexual athletics with Viktor 
(Edward Fox) — “as if it were an oil 
change” — only to be rejected again. 
Comprising the usual staples of hu- 
mour, sex and foreigners. Interpreters 
affords an opportunity for Russian to 
be spoken on an English stage: Not 
aQ of it was written with detente in 


Maggie Smith’s comic style of “wry 
astringency” (Michael Billington’s 
phrase) is allowed full reign in the 
role of nearly jaded innocence. “I was 
fascinated by the idea of Interpreters 
which I had never seen before. I 
mean, there are not many parts for 
women, as you may have observed, 
in this day and age. 

“What I like about Interpreters is 
that Fm not in foe shadow of other 
people, as, say in the classics, which 
have been performed by many others 
before you”. 

Were there more opportunities for 
middle aged actresses in film? “I 
think it's getting easier. I presume 
Joan Collins has hacked her way into 
a new world for us alL You’re not 
totally written off when you get older 
as happened before. 1 think what foe 
does is marvellous. It's sort of high 
camp . . . wonderful”. 

She once said that comedy acting — 
for which she is most renowned 
despite lauded performances of Lady 
Macbeth, Cleopatra and Desdemona 
— required an ability to see foe 
world in a slightly distorted light, 
“always being aware of the absurd 

other side to any serious or tragic 

“By that I mean, in tragedy there 
are many areas that could be comic. 
If you're playing a serious pan and 
you have a comic slant in your head, 
you can see what is funny and so 
you tread carefully to avoid that 
area. If 1 were just a straight actress I 
think h would be very odd because 1 
wouldn’t know where those danger- 
ous areas were”. 

Did an absurdist’s vision extend 
to reality? “Would that it did! One 
would have a much easier life. Life 
just always seems to be rather hard*. 

D id she do modi research 
for a role? “Sure, if there's 
a lot to do. Films arc 
different because you have 
a different text from foe original on 
foe whole. Plays, yes ... I could still 
be playing Virginia Woolf. The 
possibilities are limitless except she 
made me desperately glum; midging 
every night into the ooze, stones in 
your got Woolf was mad so I had to 
go mad and that was unnerving.” 

Did she draw on personal experi- 
ence for characterisation? “Experi- 
ences are filed away but you don't 
have a button that you can press 
and say; I'll think of my mother 
dying and that will make me fed 
sad. Everything that happens in life 
is of use to you as an actress — I 
suppose that sounds very Cbekovi- 

“I don’t think anybody has a 
special knowledge of acting. I don't 
1 don't think it's a thing you can an- 
alyse. Instinct is the truest way — the 
way I do it There’s no handbook on 
acting, no DIY". 

“I suppose one should appear on 
TV more often. TV creates a name 
much more quickly and that gets 
people into a theatre. 

“Acting. It's a dumb thing to do 
but it's fascinating .** 

Victor Olliver 

Protecting the baby from 
a mother with herpes 

One important 
concern for 
pregnant women 
who bare a his- 
tory of genital 
herpes, and for 
the doctors who 
attend them, is foe possibility 
that foe viral infection may 
be passed on to foe baby as it 
is born. If the mother is 
saffering from an attack of 
herpes as she goes into 
labour, and foe baby conies 
rate contact with the liras 
through sores in foe birth 
canal, the chOd could then 
become ill - sometimes seri- 

Current routine practice is 
to offer a woman in this 
position a Caesarean section 
and so minimize the risk to 
the child. Research from foe 
United States suggests, how- 
ever, that if the Caesarean 
section is done four or more 
hours after (be mother's 
waters have broken it pro- 
vides Btde protection for foe 
infant. The Caesarean, with 
all its disadvantages, is there- 
fore often needlessly per- 

At Doncaster Royal In- 
firmary, Dr Tim Moss, 
consultant m genito-orinary 
medicine, has been investigat- 
ing with his colleagnes the 
nse of the anti-herpes drug 
acyclovir as a way out of this 


Their studies have shown 
that when acyclovir is given 
to an expectant mother it 
crosses the placenta to the 
baby and does not do the 
baby any harm. They hope 
that, by giving the drug 
daring labour to mothers 
whose waters have broken 
four or more hours earlier, 
they w3J be able to protect 
the baby safely from herpes 
infection and yet still allow a 
normal vaginal delivery to 
take place. 

Indeed, in the small num- 
ber of instances where this 
approach has been tried, 
healthy babies have been 

Dr Moss stresses that 
acydovir would only be used 
when it was too late to offer a 
Caesarean and that more 
studies are needed before it 
will be passible to say if the 
treatment is of value or doL 
But he added; “We hope that 
ft wOl be a safe alternative to 
section in those women who 
go into labour unexpectedly.” 

Sick who cannot 
rest in peace 





foe connivance of their doc- 
tors. who do take the Pill for 
contraceptive purposes; sadly 
they have no option but to 
take the ones that may cause 
them problems. 

How tea could 

Take care if you 
like to drink 
scalding tea 
without milk. A 
report from the 
IS, in the Jour- 
nal of the Na- 
tional • Cancer Institute , 
claims that the high rate of 
cancer of the throat found in 
Uruguay, especially among 
women, may be due to their 
predilection for mat* tea. 

- This is an infusion of lies 
paregttamensis, and the hotter 
it is drunk foe better. In other 
parts of the globe where there 
are high rates of cancer of the 
throat - including Iran and 
China - hot tea is also the or- 
der of the day. 

Deafness: it’s in 
the blood 

from restful, although psychi- 
atric wards were quite peace- 
ful. To give some idea of how 
noisy these wards m ere. a 
whisper measures 20dB(A ) — 
filtered decibels - light traffic 
comes in at 4SdB(A) and a 
telephone rings at 60dB(A). 

Noise levels recommended for 
hospital wards in the United 
States are less than 45dB(.4 ) 
during the day and 3SdB(A) 
during the night. 

Readings were taken be- 
tween Il.SOpm and 6.30am 
in 14 wards. In the half dozen 
general medical wards the 
noise level was above SOdB(A) 
for at least a quarter of the 
time and. on one ward, for SO 
per cent of the night. 

The average for the acute 
wards war more than three 
and a half hours a night and 
only the four psychiatric 
wards exposed patients to less 
than half an hour’s distur- 
bance. Because noise is mea- 
sured on a sliding scale the 
general medical and acme 
wards are about 10 times 
noisier than the level recom- 
mended in the States. 

Despite the racket, less than 
10 per cent of patients 
believed that the noise dis- 
turbed their sleep, although 
staff admitted that it might 
wake as many as 40 per cent 
of patients. 

However, a considerable 
amount of the clamour could 
easily be reduced. Trolleys 
and taps, say the authors, 
should be mended immedi- 
ately they become faulty, 
noisy patients should be 
isolated if possible and doc- 
tors, particularly, should be 
encouraged to wear soft-soled 

Hidden worries 
about the Pill 

A bizarre anom- 
aly exists in Ja- 
pan over foe 
prescribing of 
the contra- 
ceptive pill. 

According to 

the Bulletin of the Institute qf ing blood cells. Normally red 
Medical Ethics, foe Pill is blood cells are quite 
illegal for contraceptive pur- deformable as they have to get 

Research ( 

A Mood disorder 
could be the 
cause of a com- 
mon form of 
deafness, re- 
search at 
Glasgow’s Royal 
and the Medical 
Council Institwe of 
Hearing Research suggests. 
The discovers could mean it 
will eventually be possible to 
treat and prevent the problem. 

Sensineural deafness affects 
12 per cent of adults and 
occurs when cells in the inner 
car (known as hair cells), 
which translate sound from a 
vibration into a nerve im- 
pulse. cease to function. Until 
now there have been few dues 
to its cause although evidence 
from animal work has sug- 
gested that poor blood supply 
to the hair cells may be to 

Now, in a study of 140 
people. Dr George Browning 
and his colleagues have 
discovered that sensineural 
deafness is linked to the 
stiffness of red. oxygen- carry- 

ffMost people like 
and quiet 
they are 
'HL Hospital is 
y/s/fihe last place 
w/ they will find it. 
''''■Richard Sowar 
and Dr John Wilson from 
Ninewells hospital and medi- 
cal school, Dundee, set out to 
discover just how noisy dif 
ferent wards are. Their find- 
ings are published in the 
current issue of the British 
Medical Journal. 

They found that general 
medical wards and acute 
admission wards were far 

poses but doctors are allowed 
to prescribe it for strictly 
jical problems — 
example, a woman who 
has irregular periods. 

Initially the Pill was made 
illegal because of the fears of 
side effects, although now it 
seems that doctors who run 
abortion clinics are particu- 
larly vociferous when (here 
are moves to legalize and 
widen its prescribing. 

What is particularly worry- 
ing is (hat the Pills which can 
be prescribed on medical 
grounds are the ones that 
contain high doses of 
oestrogen - the very formula- 
tions which cany most risk 
of blood dots and other side 
effects. Needless to say there 
are plenty of women, with 

through very tiny blood ves- 
sels. The Glasgow team has 
found that people with 
sensineural deafness tend to 
have red Mood cells that are 
stiffer than usual. They think 
this could mean that the red 
cells, and hence oxygen, are 
not gening through the tiny 
Mood vessels of the inner ear 
to keep the hair cells alive. 

Red cell stiffness ■ may be 
caused by something else, the 
researchers say in a recent 
edition of The Lancet. If they 
can discover the primary 
defect they may soon tackle 
this important cause of hear- 
ing problems. 

Olivia limbs and 
Lorraine Fraser 

A new museum in America will be devoted entirely to the work of female artists 

Women’s art 
comes of age 


Five minutes' walk from foe 
White House, foe echoing 
chambers of the grand old 
^vlasonic Temple arc being 
ripped apart and redesigned 
in readiness for an influx of 
women. Art is art and has no 
sex but here, in this of all 
places, ignored and under- 
rated women’s paintings 
from foe Renaissance to 
today will be exhibited- 
For the time being the 
newly-formed National Mu- 
seum of Women in the Arc 
exists principally upon the 
tall walls of Mrs Wubelnuna 
Holiday's large home m 
Georgetown, the fashionable 
section of Washington- She 
says she is not a liberattonist 
ir “Fve never really needed to 
*be” - but she firmly 
tha t women artists have been 
ignored, downplayed a™ 
hampered throughout his- 

‘I’m against isolating 
men’s, and 



ing done. She has donated 
her personal 
more than 400 piece 
museum - mostly 
but also some scufrMj 
pottery, prints. * aW1 !|5 
books and photographs^ ^ 
in early 1987 it will open n 
doors, probably the y 
museum in the woridde<u 
0 tcA solely to the works 
women. . . 

The museum 
controversial conceptjg™; 
say it will give theimpregmn 
fom women’s art is so^fhow 
different, perhaps 
ferior. “Fve always 

against isolating men's art 
and women’s art" declared 
the sculptress MarisoL, who 
happens at the moment to 
have pieces on display at 
several major museums. “It 
doesn’t make any sense to me 
because it should an be 
together. Art is an idea." 

Women’s contributions to 
art throughout history were 
restricted primarily because 
women were kept out of art 
schooL The Royal Academy 
of Arts in Paris had a quota 
system which admitted only 
four female students. Even 
those who got there were 
rarely allowed into the life 
class. For centuries, women 
were largely restricted to 
china painting or dainty 
water-colours. Many anony- 
mously assisted their lathers, 
brothers, husbands or lovers, 
but never got the credit A 
few, angry and frustrated, 
adopted men’s names. 

It still happens. Hflda 
Greene has been using foe 
name H. Clinton Greene for 
the past 12 years, ever since a 
critic observed of .her wort 
“Pretty good for a woman”. 
Much of the art wild 
continues to find it difficult 
to peat women as seriously 
as men. And that prindpstily, 
is why Mrs Holladay decuted 
to campaign for a specialized, 

She says there have been 
many good female painters 
from the Renaissance on, but 
there were not enough female 
wrjiexs and historians to 

record them. “The men wrote 

about whai they knew best - 
they probably drank and. 

socialized with the men 

arSTwomen weretleft^ut. 
of the popular wmmgs. The 
jjujepfo waters did indeed 

WHhdmina Holbday 

record the contributions of 
women, so we have been able 
to do research. We have 
found out that in almost 
every era women were pawn- 
ing very successfully,” 

Although artistic ability , 
knows no sexual barrier, Mrs 
Holbday,, detects a tendency 
of women artists of the past 
to choose particular subject 
matters. “Because women 
were, limited in their activ- 
ities the subject matter 
tended to consist of portraits 
of children, flowers or things 
that they could assemble 
before them.” 

Even today, she thinks 
there may be examples of 
such a. tendency. Shepointed 
out a painting by Elizabeth 
er, Scodahd*s lead- 


ing contemporary woman 
artist, entitled “Games En- 
joyed By Children”, depicting 
a dish of ice cream, a rattle 
'and other children's items. 
“Maybe a man would not 
have picked' this gentle sub- 
ject hut Fm not at all sure he 
wouldn't. Art is art It doesn't 
matter whether a man does H 
or a woman does it” 

The purpose of the mu- 
seum, she insisted, was not to 
separate men's and women’s 
art “but to heighten aware- 
ness and establish some of 
foe great women artists 
throughout history, so they 
will be taken more seriously 
and included in great collec- 
tions. No museum in the 
world will buy a work of art 
unless the artist is established 

and wefl known. Did you 
know that women artists 
were left oat of all American 
textbooks? Totally.” 

It was that discovery that 
set the ball rolling. She and 
her husband Wallace, a 
business tycoon, discovered 
the works of Clara Peelers, a 
17th-century Flemish still-life 

painter, during a visit to foe 

National Museum of Austria 

20 years ago. “When I looked 
her up in foe standard art 
text, H.W. Janson's History 
qf Art. I found that not only 
was she not listed, but no 
woman was included, not 
even Mary Cassatt. But in the 
1 6th edition, in 1985, women 
finally are in c luded.” 

Artistic ability 
knows no 
sexual barrier 

The Holladay collection to- 
day includes works by Cas- 
satt, Helen Frankenfoaler, 
Angelica Kauffmann, Alice 
NeeL Georgia O’Keeffe, 
Elizabeth Sirani and 
Elisabeth Vigfie-Lebrun. 

In about four years the 
museum has raised more 
than SIO million of its $30 
million goal, acquired 20,000 
members paying $20 or 
more, and 229 founders who 
have contributed $5.000 1 
apiece. Corporations have 
given ‘ generously. 

Already, demand fori 
women's art has increased. 
“Paintings are going for more 1 
at auction, they are harder to 
collect” Mrs Holladay de- 
clared- “Dealers are acquiring i 
stock because they think j 
prices will go up when the 
museum opens. As we make 
these artists established and 
well known, their prices will 
go up, They're already going j 
up. Aren't we fortunate that 
we bought when we did?” 



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Whilst this is our main business, we also 
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London EC4A 2EJ. Please send me further information. 








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London. Belfast. Birmmcham. Bristol. Ediflbui^h, Glasgow. Leeds. Liverpool. Manchester. Newcastle. 


-*r— ■ 


Water bill that hits us all 




Edward Heath and the other 
rebels outraged by the idea of 
selling BL to the Americans 
asks;“Whai is this fatalism, this 
despair about British industry?" I 
think I have the answer. Yes- 
terday a group of Tory MPs were 
bussed up to Coventry by BL to 
inspect the wonders of its works. 
What kind of bus were they 
traveling in? You guessed it a 
Volvo. Yesterday Mrs Jean 
Denton, the BL director who 
organized the trip, admitted the 
Volvo was “better' equipped" 
than the Leyland buses for their 
needs. The Volvo bus was bigger 
“If we had used Leyland we 
would have needed two 
buses ... I knew I was walking a 
tightrope at the time." 

Old story 

Talking of British Leyland. a 
reader sends me a copy of the 
Daily Mirror. of January 29. 1936, 
which features an advertisment 
for a Morris Eight. Under the 
pricelist (two-seater £118. four- 
door saloon £142. 10d) is the 
banner: "If you don't buy Morris i 
at least buy a car made in the 
United Kingdom." 

Bad form 

It’s official: under a Tory 
government it doesn't pay to live 
too long: A recently bereaved 
friend has jusi been sent a form 
from the ever-caring DHSS 
which reads: "Death grant is not 
payable on death of a man bom 
before 5 July 1883 or a woman 
bom before 5 July 1888.” 

Animal instinct 

lan Paisley's lack of German has 
landed Northern Ireland Sec- 
retary Tom King with an 
unfortunate new image, intend- 
ing to liken him to Hitler's 
propagandist, recently, the rant- 
ing cleric mispronounced Goeb- 
bels as Gerbils — a mistake 
repealed in the Observer's report 
One of the Unionist protestors 
now constantly dogging King's 
footsteps has shown a rare degree 
of wit for their number. He turns 
up with a placard caricature - 
not of the Nazi propaganda chief 
but of the furry Uitie rodent. 

Hanging judge 

Judge James Fo.v Andrews, hear- 
ing a High Court case against the 
architects of Liverpool's Catholic 
Cathedral, heard the authentic 
voice of the city the other day. 
He was scaling the outside of 
Paddy's wigwam — as the 
cathedral is called — to inspect 
rain damage first hand, and was 
half-way up when a passing truck 
driver yelled: "Don't jump: the 
Giro's in the post." 


‘It will suit old Fred: he's already 
got shares in Distillers' 

Blown up 

Students of the Widdicombe 
Report and the impending leg- 
islation restricting political state- 
ments by local authorities will be 
interested in the proceedings of 
the ILEA’s policy co-ordination 
committee following the resigna- 
tion of the Conservative oppo- 
sition leader. Professor David 
Smith. Mindful of the Heseltinc 
debacle, the ILEA leader. Frances 
Morrell, was anxious to exploit 
the resignation and ordered the 
teachers' weekly newspaper. 
ILEA Contact, supposedly an 
independent professional journal, 
to demote the entire front page to 
the story. “She jumped up and 
down with excitement about it," 
a Contact mole tells me. After a 
few whimperings about editorial 
independence from members of 
the authority's information ser- 
vice. Big Lil's word was done, 
even if the story had to be set in 
a larger than usual type to /ill the 

• Noticed a spot of brotherly love 
between Leon Brittan and the 
new Scottish Secretary. Malcolm 
Rifkind? Not surprising; they are 
cousins, a fact confirmed by 
Rifkind's office. Just how re- 
moved I cannot say. 

Old story 

Under the headline "Pensions in 
Gibraltar for Spam's old," Wed- 
nesday’s Daily Telegraph said of 
the pensioners:"For the first lime > 
they can draw a liveable pension 
after working most of their lives i 
in often menial tasks in the I 
colony." A photograph was 
caplionedCQueueing for their 
pensions in Gibraltar." Just one 
problem: among , the "pension- 
ers” is one Air Grief Marshall Sir 
Peter Terry, present Governor of 


by Des Wilson 

The government's proposal to 
sell off Britain's water industry is 
not only the biggest privatisation 
exercise so far — its assets are 
valued at £27 billion, compared 
with British Telecom's £4 billion 
- but for the first lime involves 
monopoly supply of a basic 
necessity of life. 

Ninety-nine per cent of British 
households (the highest propor- 
tion in the world) have mains 
water, compared with 77 percent 
with piped gas and 76.5 per cent 
with a telephone. 

Last February the Prime Min- 
ister told the' Commons that 
“water authorities are natural 
monopolies for many of their 
fonciions and we need to be 
particularly careful when consid- 
ering replacing a public monop- 
oly by a private one.” She may 
come'io wish she had heeded her 
own advice. 

Apart from the likely outcry 
when the public folly appreciates 
the loss of accountability, the 
whole plan might collapse simply 
because thorough investigation of 
the slate of the industry could 
deter potential buyers. 

The North-West Water Auth- 
ority has admitted to "a legacy - of 
pollution, dereliction, and consis- 
tent under-spending over many 

years.” Fifteen per cent of the 
nation’s sewage system is more 
than 100 years old: each year 
there are 500 sewer collapses. 
The deteriorating pipework and 
sewers have been described by- 
workers in the industry as “a 
time bomb.” 

There is also colossal waste; a 
third of the clean water entering 
the system never reaches tire taps 
because of leakage on the way. 

The 10 water authorities cre- 
*. n 1973 are themselves 
divided. Recently the North- 
West Authority spell out what is 
distinctive about the industry: 

• it has a natural monopoly of 
the services provided. 

• Because a reliable supply of 
clean water is vital to health and 
life, the service must never faiL 

• The industry has important 
regulatory functions and environ- 
mental responsibilities, including 
river quality and the control of 

Issues of public accountability 
and finance arise. Accountability 
was reduced by the government's 
1983 Water Act. This abolished 
local authority representation on 

the water boards, which became 
appointed rather than elected, 
scrapped the automatic rights of 
press and public to attend their 
meetings and abolished the 
National Water Council, co- 
ordinator of national policy'. 

Since then all nine English 
water authorities have refused to 
meet in public, and have been 
widely criticized as a result. It 
seems extraordinary that matters 
concerning the supply and qual- 
ity of this basic commodity 
should be considered in secret. 

Given that we must have 
water, it follows that we have no 
option - but to pay the price 
demanded for it. Thus water 
rates are a form of taxation, now 
totalling more than £2.000 mil- 
lion a year. In future this would 
be imposed by commercial 
companies, making them unique 
in this country of having the 
power to levy taxation. 

The suggestion that a director- 
general of water services will 
maintain some public control of 
the pricing policy of these private 
companies is hardly credible; 

once established, they will be able 
to insist on any price by 
threatening ill efieos on supply 
or infrastructure improvements. 

Will they really want to spend 
the huge sums of money nec- 
essary to repair the infrastruc- 
ture? Will they readily impose 
self-regulation? For that matter, 
should they be allowed to? 

There is too much at stake in 
terms of public health for such 
matters to be subject to short- 
term market considerations. 
Prospects for water conservation 
will be bleak: companies with a 
responsibility to shareholders to 
maximize profit wifi surely 
encourage the use of water, not 
its conservation. 

One can have an open mind on 
the case for privatization gen- 
erally and still believe there is no 
argument for this one. In the 
public interest greater account- 
ability and higher public spend- 
ing are needed, not less of each. 

The course to follow is that 
suggested by the North-West 
Water Authority: “Instead of 
tearing down what has been 
achieved government should 
build on and strengthen what 
already exists.” 

The author is chairman oj 
Friends of the Earth. 

John Carlin on the new threat to world financia l stability 

Mexico’s debt 
message: relax 
or we renege 

Mexico City 

One Monday recently tens of 
thousands of workers were given 
the day off to attend a speech by 
the governor of a state adjoining 
Mexico City. They were ferried 
into the state capital in chartered 
buses to honour the governor — 
like all of Mexico’s 31 state 
governors, a member of the 
ruling Institutional Revolution- 
ary Party (PRI). 

The PRI kept the huge throng 
well supplied throughout the 
morning with sandwiches and 
Coke, ensuring a lusty response 
to the loudspeakers' bidding 
when the governor triumphantly 
appeared He spoke for three 
hours, the crowd obediently 
applauding, cheering and stamp- 
ing their feci on cue. 

At vast cost to the nation, such 
ceremonies — as spontaneous as 
a Cecil B. de Mille film — take 
place every day in Mexico; be it 
for a governor, a cabinet min- 
ister. the president or just a local 
mayor, the hoard is turned out to 
pay homage and render thanks to 
the PRI. the winner of every 
election for more than half a 

Pomp, the image of popular 
support, has been judged by the 
PRI’s wise men to be a key 
ingredient in the power formula. 
There is also bribery, or "co- 
opting” as they call it; a "jobs for 
the boys” policy which has led to 
a vast and absurdly uneconomic 
Soviet-style bureaucracy, control 
of the labour unions through 
their leaders; and not least, 
electoral fraud. 

Loyalty to the party is re- 
warded in the same way that lack 
of it — for example, failing to ap- 
pear at pro-government rallies — 
can be punished by the loss of a 
day's wages. 

Money, in short, and lots of iu 
has been the basis of the PRI's 
success and stability. But now. 
after decades of unparalleled 

economic growth, money is 
becoming desperately short. The 
PRI leadership has never 
sounded so nervous. And the US 
has never been so concerned as 
evidenced by the presence in 
Mexico last month of President 
Reagan and virtually his entire 
senior staff. 

Both Mexico and the big 
international banks, to which it 
owes nearly $100 billion, feared 
for their survival in 1982, when 
the country went bankrupt. 
Emergency loans poured in as 
President Miguel de la Madrid a 
stolid technocrat, look power and 
ensured that the banks received 
the interest due on these, and 
previous, loans. Austerity mea- 
sures were introduced which 
have led to high inflation, low 
wages and a plummeting stan- 
dard of living for most of 
Mexico's 78 million people. 
However, the country has been 
kept afloat and interest payments 
maintained by revenue from oil. 
which accounts for 70 per cent of 
foreign income. 

But the price of oil is now 
sliding. At the last count, 
Mexico's oil income this year was 
expected to be $5 billion less 
than when de la Madrid took 
power three years ago. The $4 fail 
in the price of Mexican oil 
announced last week means that 
total oil income this year of 
$1 1 billion will almost exactly 
equal the amount to be paid out 

in debt interest. By comparison, 
the economic effects of the 

earthquake last September are 

Blank reserves, meanwhile, are 
dwindling, imports are rising and 
the people are getting restless. A 
recent clash between police and 
ami-govemmem demonstrators 
left two dead. Last week 100,000 
people marched in Mexico City 
against the government, calling 
for non-payment of the foreign 
debts. The leader of Mexico’s 
biggest union conglomerate, for 
years perhaps the system's chief 
pillar, broke all established PRI. 
rules when he declared: "Our 
loyalty is to the people, not to the 

President de la Madrid, on 
whom the bankers had pinned 
their hopes, now (ells tbem he 
can no longer finance them at the 
expense of his own political 
future. Speaking in London last 
week, his finance minster, Jesus 
Silva Herzog, said: "How can we 
explain . . . that still more sac- 
rifices are required to enable us 
to continue paying out 

The sort of sacrifices the PRI 
apparently does not contemplate 
making are those which woulid 
undermine the demagogic work- 
ing of the party machinery. Nor 
has de la Madrid shown any real 
willingness to trim the bureau- 
cracy or to court further un- 
popularity by. for example. 

raising the one peso (a sixth of a 
penny) fare on the Mexico City 

Seeing that under present 
conditions there will soon be no 
money left to pay for PRI 
populism, the government yes- 
terday said the previously 
unspeakable — that interest 
cannot be paid. Default is on the 

The prospect horrifies the 
bankers, who fear a snowball 
effect that could lead to the 
disintegration of the world finan- 
cial system. In recent weeks the 
governments of Argentina, Ven- 
ezuela and Colombia have said 
that the financial burden im- 
posed on them by the developed 
nations is threatening their stabil- 
ity, posing a danger to their 
fragile democracies. 

Showing an unprecedented and 
growing commoness of purpose, 
Latin American governments are 
sending a dear message to the 
governments and banks of the 
US. Britain and other developed 
nations: “Don't be so greedy or 
you will end up with nothing." 
They are asking, essentially, for 
much lower interest rates and the 
lifing of growl h-li mi ting trade 
barriers. “If we don’t have 
growth we can’t pay" has become 
their motto. 

According to diplomats in 
Mexico City, the banks are being ■ 
either unwilling or too slow to I 
react Meanwhile the clamour 1 
among the people here in 
Mexico, in particular, is growing 
Union leaders are warning of "a 
social explosion". The govern- 
ment wifi use repression if need 
be but fears its consequences. 

In an interview this week, one 
of the Mexican government's 
chief debt negotiators told me 
that “political negotiations” with 
the developed nations must begin 
immediately. “Time”, he said, 
“is rapidly running out". 

Will costs be awarded to legal aid? 

The bailie between the Bar and ° 

the government over increased 
pay for legal aid work comes to a 
head this week, with barristers 
talking of sanctions that lake 
them close to industrial action. 
Bui so far the chances for 
winning higher pay are not good. 

Last month, for example, the 
government announced a top- 
level scrutiny into the workings 
of the legal aid scheme, now 
costing the taxpayer £320 million 
a year. The four-month inquiry 
by civil servants from the Lord 
Chancellors department, the 
Treaury and the Cabinet Office 
efficiency unit comes against a 
background of rapidly rising costs 
in one of the fastest-growing 
branches of the welfare slate. The 
bill is more than three times the 
estimated cost of the scheme just 
six years ago. 

David Edwards, legal aid 
secretary at the Law Society, 
which administers the scheme, 
says he is concerned that the 
scrutiny is aimed at restricting 
eligibility by narrowing the 
scheme's scope. 

Fears are fanned by the 
forthcoming Legal Aid (Scotland) 
Bill, which will remove the 
scheme in Scotland from the Law 
Society and place it with a new 
body with greater control. The 
consul-iaiion paper for that bill 
suggests abolishing full legal aid 

where a defendant pleads guilty 
in the magistrates' court and 
where only his sentence is to be 
determined, even though it might 
be a custodial one. 

Edwards also says that despite 
the growth in the volume of legal 
aid in recent years, admin- 
istrative staffs have been held 
down, causing delays as long as 
three months in granting aid. The 
scrutiny might mean further 
deterioration in the service, he 

There have been other signs of 
Strains on the legal aid budget. 
This year, the capital limits 
below which people qualify for 
legal aid were not increased in 
line with inflation, which could 
mean that more people have 
been cut from its scope. 

In theory, everyone can obtain 
criminal legal aid awarded on an 
^interests of justice” test. There 
is also a means test based on 
income and capital, by which 
people can be ordered to make 
contributions to costs. 

In practice, about one in five 
defendants are legally aided: 
everyone at risk of custody, or 
loss of job. for example, will 
quality, which means all but the 
tiny number before the Crown 
court who are held to have 
sufficient means. Bui many 
people before the magistrates'' 

court on minor offences will not 

On the civil side, some 70 per 
cent of the population qualify. 
There are two hurdles: the merits 
of the case, decided by a panel of 
lawyers, and a means test. 

Criminal legal aid accounts for 
the lion's share of the bilL The 
figure for 1985/86 is £150 
milljon, compared with £85 
million for civil legal aid. 
Another £63 million js taken up 
by legal advice on both the 
criminal and civil fronts. 
Growth, however, has been 
across the board. Unemployment 
may mean that more people are 
eligible for the scheme and 
consumer awareness has also 
increased the number applying. 

On the criminal side, there has 
been better productivity in the 
criminal justice system with a big 
rise in the work of the courts. On 
the civil side, (he biggest drain 
has been in the matrimonial 

On top of this increase in 
volume; the actual costs of 
individual cases have grown. A 
divorce case in the county court 
which cost roughly £600 in 
1983/84 is projected at £900 in 
the coming year. 

There are strong arguments, 
however, not only for preserving 
the system but for expanding it 

and filling in its gaps. Last year 
the legal aid watchdog body, the 
Lord Chancellor's advisory com- 
mittee. called for a number of 
reforms to remove injustices in 
the scheme, such as lack of legal 
aid for industrial tribunals or 
libel actions. 

The committee wanted consid- 
eration to be given to individuals 
fighting large public institutions. 
It also called for the country's 56 
community taw centres to be put 
on a secure financial basis; at 
present, about half of them are at 
risk of closure. None of these 
proposals was implemented and 
the committee found itself mak- 
ing the same pleas this year. 

At a time when the govern- 
ment is committed to spending 
an extra £20 million for the new 
duty-sdiritor scheme for free 
legal advice in police stations, 
and when lawyers are pressing for 
increases in their legal aid pay, 
the case against all cash limits 
may be difficult to sustain. 

There is a real danger, at 
present that if the lawyers have 
any measure of success in their 
current pay claim, the standards 
of the legal aid service may be se- 
cured, but fewer people will enjoy 
its benefits. 

Frances Gibb 

I Legal affairs correspondent 

David Watt 

- ■ - — , ,i £ 

Whitehall pact in 
need of repair 

It turns out that when Michael disobliging to governments does 
Heseltinc claimed the Westland not come from the Tisdales and 

affair was a major constitutional 
issue he was right for the wrong 
reasons. His own thesis - that it 
all showed the Prime Minister as 
too powerful and the Cabinet too 
weak — was quickly disposed of 
as the facts emerged. The trouble 
actually stemmed from Mrs 
Thatcher's weakness, for had she 
shut him up or sacked him 
earlier she would have avoided 
most of her difficulties. But now 
we do have a genuine constitu- 
tional issue, about the right of 
Parliament to cross-examine civil 

It involves a clash between 
three competing interests: min- 
isters, the bureaucracy and Par- 
liament In pure constitutional 
theory such a dash is impossible: 
ministers execute the will of 
Parliament, the bureaucracy is an 
inseparable arm of ministerial 
power, the system is a seamless 
web. In addition, ministers are 
supposed to be supported by a 
reliable parliamentary majority 
and bureaucrats are supposed to 
be the permanent, faceless and 
obedient servants of the govern- 
ment of the day. The Westland 
affair illustrates how far all three 
“estates" have moved from this 
ideal picture. 

This government, like its four 
or five predecessors, has aban- 
doned the foil theory of min- 
isterial responsibility. Ministers 
do not feel obliged to take the 
blame for ail the mistakes of their 
ministry. Leon Brittan would not 
have resigned unless an inquiry 
had shown that he had improp- 
erly authorized leaking the Solic- 
itor General's letter. He could, 
and would, have disowned a 
mistake by his private secretary 
or his press officer. By the same 
token. Mrs Thatcher does not 
say: “I must take responsibility 
for the 'misunderstanding' of my 
private office since I appointed 
and oversee its members; l 
therefore resign.” She says in 
effect. “Mr Powdl and Mr 
Ingham made a mistake, but 1 
knew nothing about it until 
later," and assumes that ends the 

This attitude breaks the com- 
pact on which civil service 
silence and anonymity rest: "As 
minister I take responsibility but 
expect your silence; as civil 
servant, you keep your mouth 
shut but get shielded from public 
criticism. Mrs Thatcher has 
been desperately trying to pre- 
serve one half of this bargain by 
resisting the appearance of her 
officials in public, but she has 
given up the other, with predict- 
able results. If ministers allow 
blame to rest with individuaL 
identifiable civil servants they 
must expea two consequences: 
critics of government actions will 
hold officials publicly respon- 
sible. and the civil servant will 
claim, and deserve, the right to 
defend himself in public, if 
necessary by shifting blame back 
on to ministers. 

Of these critics, the most 
persistent and prominent are the 
press, a fact which partly ac- 
counts for the enormous increase 
in leaks from Whitehall to Flea 
Street Most inside information 

Pontings but by way of discreet 
"guidance" from senior Gvil 
Service colleagues who do not see 
why they should lake all the flah- 
for their ministerial masters. 

A parallel development has 
also revived, in a new form, the 
1 9th century role of Parliament 
as a potential adversary rather 
than an adjutant of government 
The growing importance of the 
Commons* specialist select 
committees is the result of a 
loosening of the grip of the party 
machines on British politics. 

The Commons Defence 
Committee can insist on sending 
for any “persons and papers" it 
thinks fit because its Conser- 
vative majority is prepared to 
defy the government whips. This 
defiance no doubt arises in part 
because some of its Tory mem. 7 
hers, including the chairman, 
have no good reason to feel 
personal loyalty to Mrs Thatcher. 
This particular committee also 
has a certain cross-bench esprit 
resulting from a common addic- 
tion to defence. But it is more 
complicated than that. A train of 
cause and effect starting from 
long-term social and economic 
changes leads to the Alliance 
threat in Conservative seats and 
then to the waywardness of local 
Conservative parties and willing- 
ness of Conservative MPS to rock 
the boat or even to manufacture 
their own Uferafts. 

There is not much point in 
arguing whether these trends, 
which have contributed vastly to 
the openness of our political and 
administative processes, arc be? 
ter on balance than the closed 
circle of the prewar system. That 
system could not possibly be 
maintained, even if anyone 
thought it desirable, without a 
social culture and a class system 
that has been swept away. 

For better or worse, we have to 
live with professional, full-time 
politicians who live and die by 
the media and cannot afford to 
accept forma] responsiblily for 
more mistakes than they have to. 
As a result, we are gradually 
learning to live with an identi- 
fiable. and to some extent 
separately accountable. Civil Ser- 
vice and we can expea to face a 
parliamentary system which be- 
comes more and more fluid, 
unpredictable and inquisitorial. 

The question is rather how wj- 
maintain or reacquire (since we 
seem to have lost them) the 
minimum requirements of good 
administration: considered, prac- 
ticable policies executed ef- 
ficiently by people who believe in 
them for people persuaded to 
give them a try. How. in fact do 
wc reunite the constitutional 
parts of government? 

Most people agree that part of 
the answer lies in what we do 
with the eleaorai system and 
with the procedures of Par- 
liament But we tend to forget the 
relationship between the other 
sides of the government triangle. 
The Westland affair is another 
symptom of the need to re- 
establish. by some means, the 
badly damaged confidence be- 
tween politicians and their 
permanent officials. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Ye Roses Warre: 


It isn't something we boast about 
a lot, but this column has been 
computerized for several years. 
We use a sixth-generation com- 
puter, which not only thinks for 
itself but argues back ferociously 
and also groans at its own jokes. 
Recently it came up with a good 
idea: why not use its memory 
bank to compute what various 
well-known newspapers would 
have been saying if they had 
existed centuries before the 
invention of newspapers? 

No sooner said than done. We 
turned the date back to 1066, to 
the last great invasion crisis, and 
invited the computer to {Hint out 
the headlines of the day. 

“Naff off you Normans!” cried 
the Sum “Further Rounds of 
Anglo-Norman Talks Expected 
Soon," said the Daily Tele-graph. 
“Why Thanes make the best 
lovers," offered the Daily Star, 
"Why there will be no invasion 
this year." tried the Daily 
Express. “Government Urges 
Country not to Offer Any 
Provocation to Duke William for 
Fear of Retaliatory Action," says 
The Times, with what seems to 
be a note of appeasement 

“Ethel red the Unready? Bli- 
mey, how wrong can you be! 
Court beauty reveals sexy Saxon 
goings-on" is the Mirror’s 
contribution to foreign news, 
while the Daily Saf. as the 
Morning Star then was, is 
content with “Norman bosses set 
to take over Saxon economy." 

Given these encouraging re- 
sults, we turned the clock 
forward to 1588, to see what our 
press would have made of the 
impending Spanish. Armada. In- 
triguingly. the headlines are not 
very dissimilar from before. 

Sun: “Sod off, you Spanish. 1 " 
(or. "Get Stuffed, Sedates!"): 
Guardian: “Very real fear of 
differentials being eroded in 
Plymouth shipyards, say guild 
leaders"; Daily Star “The saucy 
secrets of those sexy Senoresi”; 
The Times : “Government Denies 
Rumours of a Catholic Mole in 
the Cabinet.” 

Mirror “Exclusive: Sir Frauds 
Dralffe on My Way to Playing 

all out 

Better Bowls"; Express: “Why 
the Queen put her career before a 
family life — a courtier reveals 
all": Financial Times: “Dou- 
bloon exchange rate at all-time 
low"; Daily Peasant: "Colonial- 
ist. imperialist armada set to 
meet imperialist, colonialist En- 
glish fleet.” 

We dropped in briefly at 1 745:; 
to see what the English papers 
made of Bonnie Prince Charlie 
and his clansmen, but it seems 
that invasion coverage does not 
change much, with headlines Like 
"The Prince who dresses in 
women's dothes", "Why lairds 
make the best lovers", “German 
George’s gorgeous girls” and 
“Clear off. you clansmen!" 
Admittedly, the Financial Times 
had a bit of a scoop with “The 
money in national anthems: 
Profile of Dr Thomas Arne”, but 
we decided to shoot on to 1777 
and the setting up of the new 
American Republic. 

Daily Labourer: “Freedom ~ 
fighters win self-determination. “ 
cast off British yoke"; Sun. : "Am- 
erica? You’re welcome, Yan- 
kees!** Guardian : “A Guarded 
Welcome to the New Democracy 
Across the Atlantic, While at the 
Same Time Very Real Fears of 
the Emergence of a New Super- 
power to Upset Balance of the 
Developed World. Inside: Mrs 
George Washington Gives Wo- 
man’s View of the Revolution." 

Mirror “Biggest prizes ever* 
Win a dollanand be rich fo£' 
life!"; Daily Star “Sex secrets of 
those Yankee Doodle Dandies!”: 
/Vents of the World: “Playboy Bill 
Beckford in society gay drugs 
scandal shock horror probe." 

Financial Times: “New. consti- 
tution will not harm lucrative 
slave trade, promise US lead- 
ers.": Daily Mail: “Mistress 
Whitehouse condemns Gibbon's 
history of Rome; lascivious and* 
lustful, she says." r. 

Curiously, the computer makes 
no mention of The Times for this 
vital period After sharp ques- 
tioning. it revealed: "Times 
temporarily off streets due to 
labour dispute over introduction 
of hot metaL" , 



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I™™ tS5 “ i £S!i? t i?. ns sincere, have misled many by 

Helicopters for Armed Forces Work practices 

iaear Fueled ^Tw^d^ Sf °° every event in the 

-SS There art S? ’SJSKS “ £** 
implications follow, regard- 
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a* * 

jweeise microcurie 
ifeadings, regardless of initial 
•concentrations of plutonium 
'nitrate, regardless of whether 
‘radiation escaped from the 
^processing line and entered 

the apocalypse. Accidents, 
moreoever, as shown recently 

m the United States at the 
Kerr-McGee plant in Gore, 
Oklahoma, tend to be asso- 
ciated with irregular episodes 

nuclear industrial strategy. 
Yet behind the small-scale 
inspectorate investigation 
wider questions intrude. The 
processing of spent fuel is the- 
most hazardous process in the 
civil nuclear programme. It is 
one in which Britain has 
specialized and it is one 

maintenance rather than 'whose economics look 

u, « w.i\I Uhe atmosphere of the 7S£& ^ 07 ^“^°“. ^ 0ces ?* . A “crewwgly shaky. An in- 

Si separation buildinT^t SS& .accident involving cident such as this has to 

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Any nuclear accident, how- 
fever trivial, produces a fij*. 
son of fear and no amount of 
'tut-tutting by BNFL spokes- 
man will change that. It is an 
-.inescapable feet that the 
^processing of spent fuel, like 
V° ost processes featuring 
■plutomom, take place in a 
^context of wbat is at best 
ipubttc uncertainty and at 
.‘worst cold fear. Each incident 
at Sellafield, and there have 
4 >een too many, implicates the 
?yery activity of reprocessing 
rin which BNFL has invested 
fboth resource and that most 
fprecious of commodities, the 
^confidence of the public in 
^nuclear energy. 

; f. It may be that each of the 
^successive accidents and in- 
cidents at Sellafield are un- 
f related. They do have a 
^cumulative effect, for it is a 
[natural suspicion that man- 
agerial failure is a part cause 
ajf each. This, the latest 
:inevitably deepens public 
ranxiety. It cannot be buried 
'-as easily as contaminated 
"operatives’ work-clothes. 

-* Accidents will happen in 
.the best-ordered industry. 
[Environmentalists, however 

an aerosol 
jet ora ptunp implies nothing 
beyond itself; nor necessarily 
does a chapter of accidents in 
oinerent locations in the large 
manufacturing and processing 
area that Sellafield en- 
compasses. * 

But a perception has un- 
avoidably grown up that 
Sellafield is accident-prone 
and that somewhere in the 
causal chain there has been 
failure of supervision , the 
sort of failure which ex post 
facto inquiry by the Health 
and Safety Commission and 
other regulatory bodies has 
seemed powerless to prevent. 
That- said, the Nuclear In- 
stallations Inspectorate must 
now provide the fullest pos- 
sible demonstration, within 
the bounds of commercial 
confidentiality, that Sellafield 
is well governed. Where 
safety rules have been in- 
fringed, there must be fines. 
And where fines fail ( BNFL 
has paid out in the courts 
before ) central intervention 
to shake up management may 
be required. 

A single incident of as yet 
unknown seriousness, is a 
flimsy basis for review of 

calculations concerning the 
proposed reprocessing plant 
at the United Kingdom 
Atomic Energy Authority’s 
Dounreay site. 

They concern the safety of 
the plant, and the cost of 
further safety work (to the 
extent that safety is a function 
of investment). They also 
concern the safety of the 
public, meaning the plant's 
neighbours. There may be 
some perfectly plausible rea- 
son for the apparent pattern 
in leukaemia in children in 
Caithness ; the pattern may 
be a statistical apparition; 
even if it exists there may be 
some non-nuclear explana- 
tion. The scare about 
radiocative iodine in the 
water supply of Surrey may 
be just that, a scare. But these 
are not phenomena to be 
brushed under the carpet 
Their investigation is urge ell 
T he feet is that there is a vast 
work of public education 
about the incidence and 
probable causes of cancer. It 
is work in which neither the 
UKAEA nor the Ministry of 
Defence nor BNFL can afford 
to adopt a defensive not to 
say a dismissive posture. 

From Mr. NJ.C. Drummond 
Sir, One of your letters (February 
3) mentioned that the Westland 
amir has shed light on the fact 
that there is a shortage of 
helicopters in the Armed Fortes. 
This is a view very much shared, 
certainly in the Army, where 
often the only alternative to 
helicopter operations are those 
done on foot. 

What the Westland affair has 
not made known is the future 
importance that helicopters are 
expected to play in military roles. 
The helicopter has transcended 
its already nbiquitoas tasks such 
troop transport, casualty 
evacuation, reconnaissance, li- 
aison and artillery observation, 
to become a complete weapon 
system m its own righL 

The British Army already uses 
the Westland Lynx helicopter in 
service to act as an attack 
helicopter - a role for which it 
was not designed. Lynx heli- 
copters armed with Tow anti- 
tank missiles are' seen as being 
key weapons against massive 
armoured thrusts in a future 
European conflict. There is an 
increased requirement for this 
type of helicopter within the 
British Army. The Lynx replace- 
ment is already being considered. 

■Neither have the views of the 
Armed Forces been made clear, 
for they are users -who know best 
what tools they need for the job. 
When defence budgeting de- 
mands cost-effectiveness, the 
Armed Forces simply demand 
the best available equipment for 
the price. They accept that this 

cannot alwa^ be British. Too 
often the Armed Forces have had 
to contend with second-rate 

I served in Belize last year, 
where we relied on RAF Puma 
helicopters to perform every task. 
This helicopter needs replace- 
ment soon. Many of us who have 
seen the Sikorsky S-60 Black 
Hawk helicopter believe it to be 
the best helicopter replacement 
for the Puma. (The alternative, 
the Westland WG-30 was consid- 
ered widely to be inferior). 

The US-made Hughes AH -64 
Apache attack helicopter is 
considered to be the most 
combat-capable of its type. The 
Apache, like the Black Hawk, is 
already in service. Whether 
Europe can develop better 
machinesfor the price of these 
two is debatable, but what 
Europe cannot do is offer 
Britain's Armed Forces suitable 
future machines within an 
acceptable timescale. 

in Fleet Street 

From Mr Kenneth G. Braidwood 
Sir. Congratulations that a na- 
tional newspaper is at last able to 
publish an article dealing in 
detail with overmanning in Fleet 
Street (Bernard Levin. The 
Times. February 3. 1986: “Fleet 
Street: now the truth can be 

Mr Levin's examples illustrate 
well the lunacy of the labour 
practices and the denial of 
modern technology which 
threaten ruin for the national 
newspaper industry. Costs have 
now escalated to the point where 
they can only be home, and jusL 
by the mass circulation news- 
papers. Newspapers with more 
modest circulations face certain 
closure without heavy subsidies. 
Already there have been closures, 
with tire loss of many jobs. More 
are inevitable without an end to 
the absurd practices of the print 
unions' labour cartel. 

FEBRUARY 7 1896 

The poses of The Times in the 
second half of the 19th century 
constantly carried reports of 
military engagements and 
skirmishes in far-off places as 
Britain canmUdatea and policed 
her empire. That beloip by Colonel 
John Pede is such a one. 

Mr. Hesdtine. the former so- 
called champion of the Armed 
Forces, should have perhaps 
considered such things before he 
laid his job on the line. In 
supporting the European con- 
sortium be has let down the 
Armed Forces, who are not 
allowed to voice what fhev realiy 
think in public. 

Yours faithfully, 

Trinity College, 

Fiebruary 3. 

This is no sudden crisis. Some 
20 years ago I was asked by the 
proprietors and the unions of the 
Fleet Street industry, along with 
the then managing director of tire 
Economist Intelligence Unit and 
under the chairmanship of Lord 
Justice Devlin to lead a team 
which made a factual study of the 
national newspaper industry as a 
basis for the changes which could 
lead to increased efficiency 
within the industry and which 
were seen as vital then. 


It is said now to be a 
.question not so much of 
whether “ Baby Doc” Jean- 
■Claude Duvalier will abdicate 
the presidential throne of 
Haiti which his family has sat 
on for the last 29 years, as 
ben. Now for the bad news - 
e has nOwherp. else to go. 

■.j-.; aiis? 

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t Reports that Duvalier has 
[recently . approached Argeri- 
Jina, Italy,, Gnsece,/ S^ 3 tzer- 
jand and Spain -wim A requests 
■for asylum, suggest that even 
be can now read the writing 
■bn the palace wall - Ins people 
have bad enough of him acid 
want him to go. The refusals 
t>f these countries to accept 
.him is understandable, given 

approval, tempered by hope 
that it might all change. 

The message . of the last 
week must surely he that it is 
now too late for that - that re- 
forms enacted by the presi- 
dents this stage win not be 
enough to appease his oppo- 
sition. : The fear that .the 
DuvaDers and their dreadful 
militia • the . Tontons 
Macoutes^ once' inspired - in 
Haiti's six million population 
has been Replaced by anger. - 
whiclj[ is a much more 
difficult reaction for dictators 
-to deal with. 

" Events so far have sug- 
gested however that Duvalier 
could not easily be toppled as 

4 he reputation of the Duvalier ' long as . he retains control, of 
'dynasty, father (“Papa Doc”) the army and the police - his 

and son, for cruelty, oppres- 
sion and misrule. But are they 
[doing a service to his people? 


... air 

. _ The United States, the one 
nu '‘ -^country with the power and 
”*“'V Influence - and now possibly 
‘the will- to unseat him, has 
long cherished the hope that 
the Duvaliers might be per- 
suaded to reform- Last week’s 
announcement by the State 
Department that it was 
suspending about half of the 
latest SSOm aid allocation 
(the other half is given in the 
form of food for Haiti’s poor) 
reflected this cautious Amen- 
attitude of stem dis- 


, ■, vST- 


main instruments of power. 
Even if he could,' there are 1 
grave doubts about whether 
Haiti could cope with the 
vacuum he “ would leave. 
There is no democratic infra- 
structure, no politically edu- 
cated middle class to seize the 
reins of power. The great 
danger must be that anarchy 
would prevaiL w|th no clear 
way out of ^L 

One characteristic of- the 
last week or two. has been the 
pro-American mood of the 
people. Agitators have fer- 
vently unfurled the Stars and 
Stripes as a desperate symbol 

of the liberty they crave. They 
seek democracy and the 
inference one (haws is that 
.they would like the United 
States to restore it to them. 
But would intervention by 
Washington be wise? 

There is too the question of 
who would follow in “Baby 
Doc’s” shoes. The only 
advantage . which the Du- 
valiers have afforded -Wash- 
ington has been a kind of 
stability in- this particular 
coiner of its backyard - and a 
regime which has allowed 
little scope for Communism 
to flourish. Might the devil 
one. knows be succeeded by 
the devil one doesn’t? 

These are difficult ques- 
tions for the State 
Departments answer as it 
ponders the crisis in Haiti. All 
the indications are that Haiti 
will need American help in 
more ways than one in a post- 
Duvalier age. But perhaps it 
should receive it now. Per- 
haps the best service that 
Washington could perform 
for.Haitians would be to find 
a haven for its president, 
however unpopular such a 
move would be. That way, it 
might be able to ensure a 
peaceful transition from 
dictatorship to democracy - 
under the civil as opposed to 
military guidance of the 
United States. 

Leyland sale 

From the Chairman of the 
National House-Building Council 
Sir, Two years ago the “Think 
British” campaign asked all our 
MPs if they owned a British car. 
Only just over 200 replied saying 
that they did so. One hopes that 
in any future debate on the future 
of Austin Rover the other 400 
will acknowledge the contribu- 
tion which they have themselves 
made to Britain's industrial 

We ourselves switched our 
fleet of 300 cars to Austin Rover 
m 1981 in the belief that if others 
did so the industry might 
recover. Although there were 
teething troubles we have had no 
cause to regret our decision 
because the quality of the British 
product has improved. Will MPs' 
now set an example? Or are they 
too late? 

ment-owned truck maker - as we 
all know to our cost! 

The industry since 1980 has 
gone through a difficult and 
traumatic business cycle and 
during that period all manufac- 
turers of commercial vehicled 
have suffered severe marketing 
problems. Over this period we 
have had to compete with many 
forms of subsidised competition. 
Competing with a State-owned 
company is. I feel, one of the 
worst, especially as the tax payer 
at the end of the day has to foot 
the bill 

The report look months to 
prepare. It was very detailed. 
Proprietors, management and 
unions accepted its accuracy. The 
Prime Minister of the day. Mr 
Harold Wilson, commended the 
report and he welcomed the 
changes it implied. 

Yours faithfully, 

A.W. TATT, Chairman, 

National House-Building Coun- 

58 Portland Place, Wl. 
February 5. 

Whilst ERF is not large in 
world terms in the automotive 
industry, we do currently hold 
nearly 10 per cent of the UK 
heavy duty truck market and 
employ nearly 1,000 people 
within the gronp. plus probably 
another 50,000 indirectly through 
our suppliers throughout this 

Whatever the outcome, l nope 
that the new consortium will 
continue to employ British 
labourand use British compo- 
nents. as much as we do! 

From the Chairman of ERF 
(Holdings) pic 

Sir, Why do commentators keep 
on about Leyland being the last 
British truck manufacturer? They 
may be the last British govern- 

Yours faithfully, 

E.P. FODEN, Chairman. 
ERF (Holdings) pic. 

Sun Works, 



February 5. 

- . ; ' jrv 



i ' 
i a-"? 
r r\ * « 

%*: ‘ ' 
a *? '- 

' ' .. >* 

;n * 

- 2-' m ’ 


v *■••• 
rl rr» 

. -In the months since the 
"Geneva summit, hopes have 
' • been high that the warm 
words around the fireside 
*£$would be translated into 
;r -improvements in the day-to- 

r day relations between East 

"'■' r-.T : and West Some of the 
, * grander hopes have already 

.72;:*^ been dashed.' Even in the 

7 ,-.-' '.conditions of better under- 

^ standing between the super- 
powers signs of progress were 
likely to be long in coming 
arid less than dramatic when 
they arrived. . So the 
jis announcement that Britain 
7 ,, ,s and the Soviet Union have 
7 : ' initialled a new long-term 
"i .trade accord is welcome news, 
-j Anglo-Soviet trade is cur- 
v ^ jently conducted under 
arrangements made more 
‘than 10 years ago* and 
• rj * , n formalized in the 1975 ^gree- 
^ .mem signed by Harold Wfl- 
V.v* Son and the then ; Soviet 
'Prime Minister, Alexei Kosy- 
\r' -gin. Since then, politics and a 
i- .general atmosphere of ill" 

. . feeling have stifled many a 

. -good intention and blocked 
: ‘ .‘: 0iany an opportumty. This 
*»»») offers the 

\ >" 

expensive, even tor .larger 
British concerns, and does 
not always yield results. 

■ These are problems any 
Western country feces in its 
dealings with the Soviet 
Union. But they are exacer- 
bated where Britain is con- 
cerned by what Moscow 
perceives as Britain’s special 
nSationship with the United 
States. Even when the British 
government has dissociated 
itself from US policies - as it 
did over exports of equip- 
ment for the Siberian gas 
pipeline - the lack of trust has 
persisted and it has yet to be 1 
' overcome, despite the recent 
improvement in relations: be- 
tween Moscow and Wash- 
ington. ■ 

But there have been faults 
on the British side, too. 
British fiims, unused to the 
slow pace at which dealings 
with the Eastern bloc proceed, 
have run out of patience 
when they were almost within 
sight of their goal They have 
failed to invest the money 
and the skills needed to 

has been quick to understand 
that where West Germany 
and France have shown 
themselves only too willing to 
disregard political difficulties 
in return for trade advan- 
tages, the same has nof 
always been true of Britain. 

The accord initialled yes- 
terday offers the prospect of a 
new framework for commer- 
cial dealings between the two 
countries,. That in turn could 
facilitate a real growth in 
trade: The timing of the 
accord, as the Soviet Union 
finalizes : its next five-year 
economic plan, could not 
have been bettered. And 
Moscow has shown a genuine 
desire to see a significant 
growth in bilateral trade with 
Britain - not just in Soviet 

The present leadership in 
Moscow has given priority to 
the development of a whole 
range of sectors in. which 
Britain has appropriate, and 
internationally - respected 
experience: the petrochemi- 
cal industry; gas and oil 

Care of the elderly 

From Dr W. B. Wright and Dr J. 
S. Meyrick 

Sir, Your uncritical reporting of 
the death rate aiqong holiday and 
social admissions at the 
Whittington Hospital (January 
27) does a disservice to the 
elderly and to those' who care for 
them, both in the community 
and in hospitals. That such 
figures may not be representative 
is demonstrated by our experi- 
ence in the geriatric ward at this 
hospital Admissions are selective 
only in that there are no facilities 
for major trauma or acute 
surgery, although we regularly 
provide convalescence and 
rehabilitation after such events. 

In the five-year period 1981-85 
the 18-bed ward accepted 518 
patients, of whom 99 died (19 per 

cent), 134 were for family relief 
and social reasons, of whom 
seven died (5 per cent); 384 were 
for illness, of whom 92 died (24 
per cent). 

Many disabled elderly people 
can only be cared for m the 
community as a result of such 
admissions to give respite to 
those who care for them, and it 
most be remembered that they 
are already too frail and depen- 
dent to be transferred for such 
“holidays” anywhere except to 
hospital Arousing unjustified 
fears of this nature does nothing 
to promote their welfare. 

Yours faithfully, 



Moore Cottage Hospital 



January 30. 

The changes were then talked 
about; and talked and talked 
about. Few changes resulted in 
practice. The unions forbade any 
real concessions to reason and 
efficiency; where they did con- 
cede it was always too little and 
too late. Instead their demands 
became more rapacious and 
unreasonable and the barriers* 
against new technology ever 

In essence industrial anarchy 
began to prevail. Month after 
month millions of copies began 
to be lost and prolonged closures 
were forced on The Times and 
Financial Times. There was 
general despair about the future 
of the Fleet Street industry. 

Mr. Murdoch and his 
workforce at Wapping have 
wrought an astonishing change in 
this scene and we should all be 
profoundly grateful, for their 
fight with the print unions is not 
only about the efficiency, costs 
and profits within the Fleet Street 
industry, it is equally about a 
freedom vital for a free society, 
the freedom to publish. 

As Lord Devlin wrote in his 
preface to that factual report 20 
years ago “The report does not 
raise problems for the press alone 
to solve. It raises problems for a 
free democracy.” 

Yours faithfully. 


15 Pembroke Court. 

Edwardes Square. 

Kensington, W 8 . 

February 4. 

Crown immunity 


tion has; been deflected fro® 
the size and potential of the 



.!?* * 

week’s accord offers 

possibilty of a new start 

f ‘ - Neither ride bears exclusive Soviet market by short-term 
7-;: blame. The Soviet Union is a profit considerations. . 

77 very formal The British . government’s 

«7 ‘ Its centrally planned economy wmv[Ament t0 improved 

v makes for trade ‘with the Eastern bloc 

'7 f inflexible negotiating proce- ambivalent It has. 

' duxes. Calculating P 16 not . always given. ; British 

,/ ;> time needed for downg' * companies, especially ‘the 

* 7 is tantamount to divination. 

obtain a commercial toehold prospecting; agriculture and 
in Moscow. And their atten- the food industry. And British 

firms are already competing 
for several major construction 
-projects in the Soviet Union. 

According to the. Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry 
the new accord should help 
British companies win orders. | 
worth billions of pounds and 
increase bilateral trade by 
more than 40 per cent over 
the five-year period. But 

From the Director General of the 
Health and Safety Executive 
Sir, In The Times of January 28 
Mr Nigel Harris complains that a 
health service administrator is 
immune from prosecution in the 
event of his being found neg- 
ligent in some aspect of manage- 
ment that has contributed 10 
death or iqjury of a patient, 
whereas a doctor is sol 
H e is mistaken. Crown immu- 
nity applies to the Crown and not 
to individuals, and an admin- 
istrator is in no special position 
in this respect It might indeed be 
a difficult matter to prove an 
offence under the Health and 
Safety at Work Act against an 
administrator, but he is certainly 
open to prosecution in the 
circumstances envisaged by Mr. 

The Health and Safety Exec- 
utive would not however, pros- 
ecute an individual in 
substitution for the Crown. There 
would have to be clear personal 
responsibility. Nor would we 
attempt a prosecution in matters 
which are more specifically dealt 
with under other legislation, or 
by other inspecting authorities - 
for example, in a case affecting 
food hygiene. 

Yours faithfully, 


Director General 

Health and Safety Executive, 

Regina House. ' 

259 Old Maryiebone Road, 

February 4. 


From Sir Denis Wright 
Sir, With piracy of books, films, 
etc, again in the news I wonder 
whether any of your readers can 
beat my invidious experience? 

My book. The English 
Amongst the Persians, published 
by Heine mann in 1977. has. 
since the Islamic Revolution in 
Iran, been translated and pub- 
lished in Tehran by four different 
translators and four different 
publishers (the last as recently as 
last year) without a by your 

Yours truly, 

(Ambassador to Iran, 1963-71), 
Dock Bottom, 

Flint Street, . 

Hadde n ham , 



* ” 7 : - rrrrv- team in smaller companies, ui& sort 01 -neip is tne op< 

i lA n - d maintainjnga cncouM(gem eitt might -lilrin be n£ 

'v': donations is - to™ expected. And Mos row companies to d< 




smaller companies the soil of “hdp M is the operative word 

to British 
do the rest 

The Times regrets that it is 
temporarily unable to notify 
correspondents whose letters are 
not selected for publication. 

Against all odds 

From Mr. GS. H ". Marshall 
Sir. Your "On this day" column 
(February 4) gives an account of 
the Rugby International at Car- 
diff on February 4. 1935. when 
Wales beat Scotland 10-6. 

No wonder Scotland lost be- 
cause. according to the teams 
published at the end of your 
report, Scotland were playing 
with only 10 men, being deficient 
m one three-quarter, two half- 
backs and two forwards, 

I was abroad at the time and 
never realised what a terrible 
time my young brother must 
have bad ai foil back. 

You« faithfully, 


Sway Road, 



Shackle in Nepal 

From Mrs. J. Men 
Sir, While no one would condone 
the harassment, humiliation and 
persecution which David Alton, 
in his article, “Speak up for these 
Christians” (February IX, alleges 
is meted out to the Christian 
minority in Nepal it should be 
remembered that the present 
situation would never arise if the 
Nepalese were allowed to pursue, 
in peace, the Hinduism which is 
an important pan of their 
indigenous culture. 

Nepal's government have 
made it quite clear that they do 
not want the interference of 
Christian evangelists in their 
country. If their wishes were 
respected, the “zone of peace" 
might become a reality and the 
Christian minority allowed to 
pursue their religion in peace. 

Of course the Nepalese badly 
need help with health care, 
education, agriculture and in- 
dustry but Christians seem un- 
able to offer this much-needed 
aid without, at the same time, 
trying to influence the Nepalese 
away from the traditional beliefs 
which suit their lifestyle and 

Surely the Human Rights 
article guaranteeing freedom of 
religious belief, if interpreted in 
its widest sense, means also the 
right to practise one's religion 
without undue interference from 
unwanted evangelists. 

Youra faithfully, 


14 Whitefield Close. 

February 3. 

(From our Special 


Myitkyina4>ec.l4 . 
In December, 1892. while 
operations were being conducted 
against the Sima or Kamlao 
Kachins on the north-east 
frontier of Burma, the Sana 
Kachins from the north took the 
opportunity of raiding Myitkyina, 
setting fire to the public buildings, 
killing the Subadar Major and 
some few sepoys of the Mytkyina 
battalion of military polu». and 
then scuttling back as East as they 
could to their own hills, leaving 
some four or five of their dead at 
Myitkyina. As the Sana Kachins 
have been persistent in their raids 
on British territory, and have 
committed dacoities and many 
other offences during the past 
three years, it has been 
determined to punish them, and 
with this in view it was ordered 
that two columns of military 

S olice, one furnished by the 
lyitkyina battalion and the other 
by the Mogaung battalion, should 
proceed by different routes to 
Paakmg, the supposed capital of 
the Sana Tract, meet there, 
demand the fines ordered by 
Government, and. if necessary, 
exact the fines and the 
submission of the various villages 
by force of arms. Both the 
battalions of military police 
named above are composed of 
Goorkhas; so the punitive force 
will consist entirely of those 
plucky little men, and the 
Myitkyina column will have with 
it two small mountain guns, 
worked by the Goorkhas and 
carried by Chinese coolies, who 
have been drilled for the purpose. 
The officer told off to command 
the operation is Major Atkinson, 
of the 1st Bombay Cavalry, and 
now one of the commandants of a 
police battalion. 

A long line' of mules accompanies 
each column as it has been found 
necessary to take rations to last 
for three weeks. The force, after 
combining at Panlong, willl 
stockade itself there, send back 
the mules for more rations, and 
then despatch parties to visit all 
the villages ana exact submission. 
These parties will as far as 
possible move without mules, as it 
is in a long train of transport 
annuals that w eakness in fighting 
jungle savages lies. 

To the south-west of us 150 
military police under Captain 
Hodges, with Mr. Rae as Political 
Officer, and Lieutenant Carey as 
Intelligence Officer, are to work 
the Jade Mines Tract. This force 
is called the Jade Mines Escort. It 
would hardly be available to help 
the Sana column, as it has itself 
to form two posts, one at a place 
called Nanyaseik. where licences 
are just being issued for the ruby 
mines which have lately been 
discovered there, and the other as 
the side mines, to control the 
disorderly rabble that assembles 
there during the cold season. 
There is a very large trade carried 
on in jade between the Kachin 
owners of the mines and Chinese 
speculators. Jade is a green stone 
which is found in large blocks or 
slabs in the mines and in the bed 
of the Uyu river. The Chinese 
iade licence-holder pays the 
Kachins for the mines and lets 
them out in blocks. The 
speculators then dig in their 
blocks and the jade is taken out in 
large masses and carried by road 
first to Nanyaseik, and thence by 
boat to Kmnaing, Morgaung, ana 
Bhamo. I have seen as many as 20 
Shan Chinese coolies struggling 
along with a huge block of jade, 
which was attached to long poles 
by ropes and carried shoulder 
high. The jade is then taken to 
one of the agents of the licensee, 
who values it, say, at RsJ.000. If 
the speculator is prepared to pay 
this sum, be takes the iade away 
with him to China, where after 
being cut - and the Chinese are, I 
believe, the only people who know 
how to cut jade - it may be found 
to yield more than 100 per cent, 
or, perhaps, to be worth nothing 
at all 

Seen along the line 

From Mr. H.T. Jones 
Sir, Professor Dunstan (February 
I ) and others who enjoy the view 
from a railway carriage window 
may be interested to know that 
three branches of the Railway 
Development Society have al- 
ready published ... By Rail guide 
books covering East Anglia, 
Lincolnshire and the Midlands 
respectively, and I am currently 
engaged on editing Kent & East 
Sussex by Rail for the London 
and Home Counties branch of 
the Railway Development Soci- 
ety. Two other books in the series 
are likely to appear soon. 

Yours sincerely, 

Flat 2, 

II Guildford Road, 
Tunbridge Wells. 


February 2. 

Staying power 

From Mr Alan Pidgcon 
Sir. In response to Mr Butler’s 
request (January 16) for examples 
of ex-Service material still in use, 
I treasure one such article which 
I feel should qualify. 

In 1945 I was detailed to make 
regular visits over several months 
to a PoW camp in Germany to 
interrogate a group of German 
officers. The war in Europe was 
over and they were glad to co-op- 
erale. partly no doubt with an eye 
to early release. When this came 
about, they presented me with a 
beautiful metal casket which they 
had fashioned from tin cans 

salvaged from the dustbins of the 
Pioneer Corps cookhouse. 

It bas stood on my desk for 40 
years, in daily use, housing 
writing materials, keys and odds 
and ends. Neither rust nor metal 
fatigue have attacked it in all that 

As it happened, the camp was 
code-named “dustbin!’’ 

Yours faithfully, 
Dove Cottage, 

Great Eastern, 
Market Hartorough. 



















































































































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T"p X Director Women’s Roval Na- «he film of Ayn Rand’s historian Andrew Saint iden- 

v-v/U XV 1 V aj Service. " epic novel. The Fountain- tifies the roles of artist. 

/^T'D/T TT A I? vnHK Hfin^p head, will be shown there for businessman, controllers and 

LlivL U ST JAMESTS PALACE *** firal time. supervisors of construction, 

?iK ,G 6 HA ^r A w„ £ L ESS ‘hJS »% io t 

A?!£%if Mark Phillips. tfu, e lnsll " u uSn om«l"cal ““g?* 

Chancellor of the University Engineers, this evening at- Up ' . th ® P^giamm and wnters. 

of London, this afternoon .ended the Faraday Lecture . h is ,^ oric ft a n X aL who are of 

Charles Knevitt OBITUARY 

rrri . . .. , DANDY NICHOLS 

The architect as anti-hero Long suffering m& of 

The architect as hero will be and there are many different tion to concent itself with its the homes of the people, to Aj J 

making an appearance at the types of architects in the social function. If that is to make a special study of this 
Royal Institute of British profession. In his book. The respond to need then, the great housing problem and to ■ 

Architects next Tuesday Image of the Architect , the public might ask with justifi- see what can be done not uanay t^icnois, 

when the film of Ayn Rand’s historian Andrew Saint iden- cation, why is it not more only to lessen the cost of rame a nauonai ^ 

epic novel. The Fountain- tifies the roles of artist, concerned with the mosr those living conditions but to ¥~ fh television 

head, will be shown there for businessman, controllers and pressing problems of the raise their quality and ameni- uan *T l rj s t\q 

the first time. supervisors of construction, moment, housing and the ties**. Pmdid wsmSv at the 

Gary Cooper stars as How- craftsmen, developers, ernre- inner dries. As one might expect, it is 

Dandy Nichols, who bfr- 

ner cines. As one might expect, it is 

The pioneers of the Mod- the younger (under 45) mem- 

Pan, died yesterday, at the 
age of 78. 

Fame came late and un- 

Sirt rs sw"-- surveyor5 sjrssz&rFj. a-sstssras 

tended the Faraday Lecture 2LJl!L •i.?— ? f ,u!P ir ChariisscaUfor aciion.They I and television for 30 year 

visited Lillian Penson Hall of at Loaan HatL Universitv of Perhaps the most famous line architecture now? Those heirs has been left to the Prince of see their role as helping ““ ifmoa ^wavs in small 

SrTnnSn7w? in in the novel, modelled on the to the Modem Movement Wales to act as the social De 0D ie to help themselves. but alm^t always m smau 

^fts°"lst'Annt- lr°ndon Insmme of Ediica- rarecr Q f Frank Llovd who relv on technology for conscience of the profession, ^ Rui those involved in the SU £l Wr m!l ?^1lwM«riffprinc 

cefefrauon ofjts - 1st Ann. non. London WCl. _ Wright, is: The creator is the artistic expression? CF the through his support for com- JSi 9* f 51 

Her* Royal Highness was attendee B man who siands alone.” Post-Modernists who seemio munity arehiteciure and oth- teSire group, celebrating its w^LriL SSaiS^^f, 

received urion arrival bv the ft is bard to imagine be fulfilling Herbert Read’s er inner-city imalives. and by 1Pnth anniversary this year. t. ^ nf irrinc 

Princioal of° the University The Prince and Pnncess of anyone writing a successful concern that art had become commissioning a study of h_ ve wown^mlderstandably "f 2 w fwione 

( m?t‘ &*%g*sr& as- asiA , as r* ^u^ ich p ^ ised . ?• rnaniresuii ° h n ® f a* ?> ^ one 10 be,p f &5TBJS2?5ra * “i 

Warden of the HaU of Tabtoux r ro m^F™risTf *e .ndependent . permissiveness, character- lh<^ Imng in meas of appare m lack of will on the SSd? SroEST fecial «- 

Residence (Dr K. McDoo- Assisi" at the Festival Hail on and . creative SP 1 ™ of a ized by incoherence, insensi- pan of the institute to tackle ore «siQns alone; Occasionally, 

people to help themselves. 
But those involved in the 

versary. Sir Richa 

Her Royal Highness was attendance, 
received upon arrival by the _ z-r~ i 

Sir Richard Buckley was in 

supporting parts. 

Her Else, the long-suffering 

ther. Dandy was a childhood 

Assisi" at the Festival HaU on 1 auu . wc ? uvc «*' » “»* oj uwminw. .uww- a i'SS pan of the institute to tackle I ^^ions alone. Occasionally, nickname which she adopted 

March 26 when ibe French con . , ? p ’ pora 1 ry of the bility bnualiiy and ironic the Roy^l Institute of Bn ush lhe arK j difficult I ^ would ael her professjonally after fi^usiiw 

Ambassador will be the host, architectural profession. detachment. Architects. «iw« 6 «ii- I wougn. sne wow ^ v «« 

Mrs Richard Carew Pole Ambassador will be die host, j architectural profession. 

was in attendance. The Ducha 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Pres idem of 

Mark Phillips. Chief Com- Society for i 

mandant Women's Royal mrorporaied 

Naval Service, this afternoon r 1 

The Duchess of Gloucester I' '^ s a lending article in The iuc arenuen <u we uiuu n» icvcm spccvuca cutiu 
President of the Roval London I Times pointed out two years of him today, bears more the famous address by the 


The architect as we think 

His recent speeches echo 1 ' 5sues which See the country. QWTJ ^ stemming his flow the name Barbara Nichols. 

President of the Royal London 

A breakaway institute for so effectively as to render She came to acting after 12 
chitects and other environ- him almost speechless. years as a secretary, being 
ental professionals, repre- Dandy Nichols brought to spotted in a charily show and 
nted by the Association of the role perfect timing, a offered a job with the 
immunity Technical Am relish for tbe nuances of repertory theatre in - Carn- 

al Ruckincham Palace re- S? ,he 81ind - *i 1J attend a gala ing too harsh can be said movie Towering Inferno , great institution know how Community Technical Aio relish for tbe nuances of fepertc 
«iv«l Commandam D.P. «nccUKy are held responsi- than to Gary Cooper’s Ho^ «n«r«d j= l am ovw the ££*£, ^rt 

Swallow WRNS uoon relin- ^5v, L ?- ndon *? ble for everything which a rd Roark. Survival seems to living conditions of the great When this happens it will convey; precisely what she The Second World War 

outshine her appointment as Hotel on'MaiS' e^Conunemal discontents us. a predicament be his main preoccupation, mass of our people and how bf lhe latest fragmentation of was thinking by the raising of se ™ 5 * 

— : shared by the intellectual An incisive article by anxious I am to see these prof^ion, which started her eyebrows or the twist of ing ™ ^ 

Forthcoming marriages 

JI1IUW UJ uiv uiiblikkiuai rui iiikiPirv UI Ilk IU uj aiuiuiu ■ hiu lv jw, iuwv — - i _. , _ j : - : — __ . . n, .... , 

disciples of Keynes, and the Debra Isaac in the December conditions improved as ? ,ben J1 Thomas Telford her mouth. wyeai^tmtaner 1945 she 

general secretaries of trade issue of Management Today quickly as they possibly can formed the Institute of Civil Else, bastcally. wjb a rab- established herself as a Pol- 

and Miss l.c. Bromley and Miss SJR.V Martin James Stirling. Richard profession: "The public hates ** My visits to the dis- Jjic nineteenth century. The oiry and alnise by not nsing made a special niche in 

The engagement is announced The engagement ’is announced Rogers, and Norman Foster, their buildings, their clients tressed areas and my knowl- Royal Academy made it clear to il His favourite desenp- comedy, often playing maids 

between Charles, son of Profes- between Michael, son of Mr all winners of the Royal Gold haggle over the bills, the edge of the slums of our great they not consider tion of her, as a suly old or charladies, 

sor and Mrs G.H. Arthur, of and Mrs B.C. Hickson, of Medal for Architecture, are insurance premiums are rock- cities have impressed on me wh3t he was doing was Moo , passed into the lan- Starting with Hue and Cry 

Stone A1 lerton. Somerset, and Newbury. .Berkshire, and So- probably the nearest equiva- eting: British architects are the urgent necessity for the mainstream architecture. guage. , and Sichtfas Xkkkby, she 

irnii'S ? ,ent ** have to Howard under attack as never be- rebuilding of those areas and The architectural heroes of fill Death, written bv appeared m more titan 60 
sSb^mbSm Tuck, of Kew Ga^ens. ^03^ Their work will be fore**. The piece was titled for the re-housing of those in tomorrow, it would appear, Johnny Speight, was one of films, among them The Deep 

Wokineham. Berkshire. r«c.i celebrated in an exhibition at "Britain's stressed archi- the slums". will be those brave enough to fo e first situation comedies B/ue Sea. Georgy Girl. The 

. . . c _ ” " xiSrs i cmM, lhe Roval Academy later this tec is**, and for good reason. He went on: "1 want to set out on their own course of 2 n **f vls, °® . *9 ajM * ^ ocrpr D°ofittl& 

!S^rS££ aita- The eSJmem >«»• Perhaps the profession’s request your great profession, action in serving the real format for political and social Her theatre work mduded 

E&iCiK te S hnm’SSSSJ^ aStiR But Uke lhe Tor T Party- P^ght can be attributed in which is so intimately con- needs of people in the comment- It started in 1964 sevmlplays in the West End 

nounced between Simon second son of Mr and Mrs J. arch i l eaure is a broad church part to its present disincline- nected with the building of community. aofl ran for nine years, and she was frequently on 

Mr M.G. Hickson 
and Miss SJt-V. Martin 

summed up the state of the be. 

Engineers in the early part of I bage, coping with Alfs big- ished character actress. She 

Doughty, the Life Guards, Michael Hoare. of Great 
eldest son of Mr and Mrs Horkesley. Essex, and Sarah. 

William Doughty, of Gerraitis ‘*®“S hlcr of. Mr and .Mrs R. 

Cross. Buckinghamshire, and Wuhan* Dixon Smith, of 
Ratricia. cider daughter of Coggeshall. Essex. 

Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs Mr D.H. Moss 
Kenneth Allen, of 14 and Miss F.T. Heron i 

Lansdown Crescent, Worcester. The engagement is announced 
Mr N.IJ. Dyer between David, younger son of 

and Miss VA.G. Dnckham Mr and Mrs Monty Moss, of 4. <' 

The engagemem is announced Melina Place, London. NWS 
between Nigel, eldest son of Mr Ron*. c . ldesl daughter of 
and Mrs D.I. Dyer, of Group Captain and Mrs John 
Haslemere. Surrev. and Vic- of Hea th House. Monks 

toria. youngest daughter of the Risborough. Buckinghamshire, 
late Mr M. Duckham and Mrs Mr S.F. Specior 
G. Duckham, of Barcornbe. and Mrs JA. Zone 
Sussex. The engagement is announced 

n i a rz^A between Simon Specior. FCA. 



Mr RJ A. Good 

. ... n . M . vounger son of Mr and Mrs 


Highbury, north London, son ff„5_r, Levy * of 

of the late Mr T. Good and Londo,u 

Mrs BJ. Owens, of Clacton-on- P-J. Tanner 

Sea. Essex, and Deborah, *2^ , ' I * 1S * G-C Dnffidd 
younger daughter of Mr and The engagement is announced 

- - - Dandy Nichols eventually television. 

-mjf m -a decided that she bad done The success of TiH Death 

Memorial enough and had herself brought her more substantial 
• written out. with Else going parts, notably the seasate 

services 10 Australia. landlady in the film <jf 

She was back, however, Harold Pinter's The Birthday 
Mr L. Mitchell last year when the series Forty, leading roles in Lon- 

Prince Georg of Denmark was returned under a new name, don stage productions of The 
CSSJ^SS 3/ST5 In Sickness and in Health, in Clandestine Marriage and the 
sT Church! 0 Covent whicfa ^ was to a Ben Travers Comedy, Ptun- 

OaJSfln w£day S wheelchair. The revival was der, and playing opposite 

Rev John G. Nicholls offid- not an unqualified success, Ralph Richardson and John 

ated and Colonel Sir Ronald though Dandy Nichols Gieigad in David Storey's 

Gardner-Tborpe read the les- showed all her old skill. The Home, m both London and 

son. Mr Bill Cotton, managing last episode was shown at New York. 

^rector- BBC Television, Mr Christmas. On television she gave a 

ScotL M £Er Cy i^i? f ^Sther ac was bom Daisy Nicb- fine performance with 
nS Vaterie ^Hoteon" aiJd^Mr ° ls m . H ammersmilh, U)n- Alastair Sm in the William 
lan Wallace gave the addresses. don - in 19 0 7 - one of five Trevor play. The Generals 
Tbe Rev Michael Hurst-Ban- children of an engineer fa- Day. 
nister and the Rev David A 

Wood were robed and in the * VT?T n/xmx7 a tvt'x* 

sacra rium. Among those AAJliL IvJllrlv A |i| 1 

Garden, on Wednesday. The 
Rev John G. Nicholls offici- 
ated and Colonel Sir Ronald 

director. BBC Television, Mr 
Peter Moriey, Miss Margaretta 
Scott. Mr Leslie Crowther. 
Miss Valerie Hobson and Mr 

Mrs A.M. Neale, of Stone-in- between Paul, only son of Mr 
Oxney. Kent. The marriage will ®rid Mrs K.P. Tanner, of 
take place on Saturday. June 7 Punev, Surrey, and Carolyn. 
1986. only daughter of Mr and Mrs 

R.W. Duffield, of Hayling 
Mr MJVlcK- Henderson Island. Hampshire, 

and Miss VJ. Matthews Mr A.P. Willmott 
The engagemem is announced a nd Miss D.K. Pitman 
Pf^' ee IL Mark, son of Mr and The engagement is announced 
Mrs T.M^ Henderson, of between Adrian, son of Mr and 
an ^ Mrs R-D. Willmott. of Dulcote. 
Somerset and Dinah, daughter 
Mre RJ Matthews, of Good 0 f Mr and Mrs J. Pitman, of 
Easter. Essex. BristoL 

Marriages Birthdays today 

Mr G. Rowe Lord Bellwin. 63; Lord 

and Miss K. Nabulsi Bonomlev. 79; Miss Dora 

*’• ,• »■ ’** ■ 

"T" ; 

The marriage took place qui- Bryan. 62: the Earl of Cork and 
etly on Saturday, January 25, Onwv, 76; Professor Henry 
of Mr Giles Rowe, son of Mr Clifford Darby. 77: Mr Gerald 
A. Rowe and the Hon Mrs. R. Davies. 41; the Earl of 
MacDonald, and Miss Karma Harewood. 63: Mr Pner Jay. 
Nabulsi. daughter or Mr H.M. 49: Lord Keith of KinkeL 64; 
Nabulsi and Mrs M. Nabulsi Sir John Leahy. 58: Sir George 
Mr J. Bettley Moseley. 61; Sir Philip Myers, 

and Miss L. Ferrar 55: Sir Michael Newton, 63; Sir 

Tbe marriage took place on Geoffrey Peacock. 66; Sir 
Saturday. February I. at the Robert Reid. 65; Mr John : 

Birthdays today „ ■ *• 

M?« lira n * sn ®^, of the winter in London brought oat the smiles and sledges on 

bonomley. /v. Miss _Dora Parliament Hill FipMc wcimlav rPkninnmnh. d«> * 

Churrii of St Edmund and St Ritchie. 73; Mr R.W. Watson, ti™**. ' i „ . 

Mary. Ingatestone, of Mr 60; Sir Brian Windeyer. 82. nre f Londons top battle between Koopmaa and prices in line with estimates 
James Bettley. son of Dr F.R. • ■ ’ ■■ — - ■ silver dealers, who frequently Kuros. but it went to Kuros while the important thin« 

Bettley. of Winchester and of DpAanrinne bld m . parmetship, were at £52,800 (estimate £15,000- went a bit above. 

Mis P.B. Downing, and Miss 4Vd,cpuuU5 competing with each other at £20,000). Sotheby"s sale of Scottish 

T™. daughter of Mr Daniel Smith Sotheby’s yesterday and se- Silver epeignes have been paintings in Glasgow on j 

and Mrs LR. Ferrar of The partnera of Daniel Smith, cured one of the three top rising in value very rapidly Wednesday made a total of i 

Ingatestone. The Rey Gwyn Chartered Surveyors, held a lots apiece. over the m two to SS2 

Blyth officiated, assisted bv reception vesterdav evemne at fl <4 AAA net #55* P . . ^ ^ CCllt ifll 

Parliament Hill Fields yesterday (Photograph: Ro& Drhikwater). 

Sale room 

Top prices for silver 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Boom Correspondent 

Blyth officiated, assisted by reception yesterday evening at 
Canon Edward Hudson. Fishmongers’ Hall. The senior 

The bride was given in partner. Mr Antony Brock, 
marriage by her father and Mr received the guests. 

Richard Robinson was best Westminster School 

man. Th. u/u. 


Axel Poignant, the pfaotog- He now began to fed that 
rapher. best known for his tbe Aborigines held the. key 
vivid studies of the people to his further smderstandiK 
and landscape of Australia, of Australia. Until that time 
has died aged 79. he had met them only as 

Born in England, on displaced persons on the 
December 12, 1906. he had a cattte stations but in 1951, 
Swedish father and an £n- learning that a new govern- 
glish mother. A varied educa- mem station was proposed 
tion in both countries was for the Liverpool River, be 
followed by a brief spell in determined to go to Arnhem 
ills father’s office in Sweden, land to record the life there 

In 1926 he emigrated to before « was irrevocably 
Australia, intending to work changed, 
on the land, but ill health Staying for almost three 
prevented him from doing months, he was treated as a 
this for long, and some Jean g°est of the people and was 
years followed. He then able to photograph in great 
discovered he was able to use detail and with his usual 
his ability as a photographer sympathy the everyday life of 
to earn a living taking the Aborigines at one of their 
portraits in people's homes, most important meeting 
During these early years he . . 

experimented with various During his sojourn many 
pictorial techniques but was 8 r ®, ups Aborigines came, 
quite soon influenced by the an( * went * among thefl! 
New Photography and be- Nanana the song man, with 
came committed to using Yfh°m fre established a spe- 
photography in sharp focus. rapport which enabled 

In 1934 he worked on an Jj® , “ P** 

aerial survey for the Western E? urES ’wr^f?? . iwv ® never 
Mining, Corporation and published i n their eo- 

boughl His first Leica with his 

earnings. His nassion for of ms finest work, combining 
flying continued and he made ^ tb ^J 3est ^tmes of 
raceUent aerial photographs IS^hSP . 

throughout his life. “**}??» 

Hie . revealing the depths of the 

ms interest in docu- culture to which the- Ab- 

candlesticks made by Paul de Francis Butty and Nicholas us Hill made £9,900 (csli- nr™, rw-* grew he tirigines belong. 

Lamene. the most famous of Dumee in 1767 sold for mate £IO.OOO-£ 15.000) while a oc cibbens, be&m to work on photo- In 1956 Poignant returned 

eighteenth cemury silver- £22,000 (estimate £15,000- second wide view of “Edin- A service of ihankseivin C for £S2 k. u “ c _!! 0, il ng m to London and freelanced for 

The Head Master of West- 

minster School held a reception eighteen lh century silver- £22,000 
last night at Ashburoham sraithi in 1733-34. The can- £20,000). 

service or ihanksgiving for SSjv S L ^ n ‘J on . and &«danced for 

ic life of His Honour Brian ESn liJL. SfiJlSL th - c 1 fol Iowi ng twenty years, 

ihhmc nr on, h«u nan, later to be picture editor with vwm! trine m Ai<nnt» 

Brian Walsb. QC. have been 1 of the Central Dectricity Gen- j dan^ Count de Salis. 

Inner Temple as stated yes- ROC. Norman was in the Harrache. Of eleborate de- Fruiterers “Upon Westminster Bridge" by the but he also made photc^ 

lenday. (chair. £S , «IS , r SCTO of ! !? ey ? 1usl ^ ve ♦ WilUam Wordsworth. Judge s P® ctac, e of the graphic essays on the deaf 

fruit and foliage theysold to made for display since they Company Michael Underhill, QC gave desert Jowenng after seven and the homeless which 

Koopman lor illOAKX) lesu- have clearly never been used, ai the court meeting of the 30 ad<iress - years of drought moved him showed his sympathy with 

mate i60.(KX>-£SO,000). The price was £11.000 (esti- Fruiterers' Company held on The Sheriffs and the Second- profoundly and confirmed the social concents of the 

The third major item in mate £4.000-£6.000j. Januarj- 27 at Innholders’ Hall, ary of the City of London with his desire to document his period, 

the sale was a Victorian it was Sotheby's first big following officers were jj* Recorder of London and adopted country. Although he was London- 

silver-gilt racing trophy made silver sale of the new year S , , cct ^ f< ? r ,h <- ensuing year. 
by Hunt and Roskell in 1843. and totalled £822.503 with MniUlnn SL Ma nl. 
a shield used as the Gold seven per cent left unsold. Mr waiticn- Sh d UppCT . 

Cup trophy at Ascot in 1844 Peter Waldron, of Sotheby's, Mr Antony Coster Renter 

and won by Lord Albemarle s commented that items in the Warden: I 

Defence . There was a fierce £2.000-£6.000 range made Mr Ronald Eccles: Clerk. j 


New Zealand Society 
Lord Scarman proposed the 
toast “New Zealand" at the 
New Zealand Society’s 
Waitangi Day commemorative 
dinner at the Savoy Hotel last 
night Mr N.D. Walter. Acting 

High Commissioner for New , , 

StTm^nTaSd M r i^sSu Canadian rKearchers have F. Hoffmann-La Roche and I 
recS'vSFSL foond ? hal they believe is a Sandoz have disclosed. 

tbe Common Serjeant at- 
tended. Among those present 

Science report 

Researchers uncover 
clue to cot deaths 

By Bill Johnstone. Technology Correspondent 

•» Tho se of yon who hav oanjoyad great sototets 
and oroat arehastBOs oMao aupoda poxfomuncas 
which haTOonrtoaiodyonr tlM e & willi tbairartmay be 
ago those ntusteicmscxm no langBrEACE THE WJSSC. 
This is whem you canbelp.a)* 

received the guests who in- ,uo,,u “ “ 3a ““ oz ™ atsaoseo. 

eluded Lord and Lady Grey or f *?*, lo “* m > ster > The carotid glands regulate 
Naumon. Lord and Lady behind infant cot deaths- breathing and oxygen bai- 
PorritL the Master of the Just why young babies stop ance. and function with the 
Girdlers* Company and Mrs breathing for no obvious main arteries carrying blood 
James and the Rev Basil medical reason has eluded to the bead. 

Watson.^ doctors and scientists for Excess dopamine in these 

Service dinner There are probably glands reduces the frequency 



Philip Crtmmac. HoaDMus. MA. FBCO. Cbcnnaoii 
Please send a domnwn taTpe or smalt la 
Uaztm Vnutaxas. Secretary. 

1* OgteStnot London W1P 7LCL 

Watson-^ doctors and scientists for Excess dopamine in these 

Service dinner y*w*« There are probably glands reduces the frequency 

Royal Navy Club of 1765 and majt,J Causes, so tbe scientists of respiration and could also 
1785 are cautious about their inhibit tbe response to lack of 

The Royal Navy Club of 1765 findings bnt they could point oxygen in sleeping infants, 
and 1785 held a dinner at the medical research in the right claims the researchers. 

Naval and Military Club last direction. If excess dopamine were 

mgnt to celebrate Founders’ Work conducted by scien- proved to be the primary 
uay and io entertain members 1- ** t « ■ . 

rvT t , . . I "www* vuiiuuLibH vj ai-rou" UIUICU IU UC 1116 UHUUUy 

o^!h?Adn5ffyr? 55 s £**. in u Canada - To f Swiss «f death, then bab^at 

miral of ihe FIm sfr He^‘ based pharmaceutical compa- risk might be diagnosed and 
r«wh — ~—: j — ■ — i • 1 rues bas discovered a link dopamine blocking d rags 

between tbe deaths and the used to combat the condition, T iinrhpnn 
concentration of a Substance says the companies „ , ; . „ U 

« iu .v « ««i >be babies carotid filands. The researchers acfcnowl- {fifftSE, Y^TSHSL ** r After iHa , - 

Calls to the Bar The Canadian researchers edge, however, that excess !hl Maswr of hrath!iL;!f 

The following names were found a strikingly greater dopamine could be only a SSaftf hSSSbejS'S ^ Umdon 

omined from Lincoln’s inns’ amount of dopamine in the secondary canse and the real Butchers’ Hall yemSdavi mJ The 

list: P .R.Bcar and carotid elands of cot-death reason for cot dearhs remains Pensr iWnnn. an H " u-._ ■ s main ©ipansion 

Leach presided and Lord 
Trefgarne and Admiral Sir 
William Stave ley also spoke. 

adopted country. , Although he was London- 

During the war he based from then onwards, bis 
propesssed radar film in body of work made in the 
Sydney. He was released Outback is undoubtedly part 
from the service in 1945 to of the visual and literary 
work on the feature film The tradition which records 
overlanders, directed by Australia, and it is for this 
Harry Watt and later made revelation of the ordinary 
several documentary films people of that continent that 
himself. be will be best remembered. 



xrsrJsr? ssss ssr 


town centres and shopping laier the Rnm5°S^* x ^ 1 ’e«f B,< * 
cpmplexes-He mind . Cra ? ^ 

mor partner of the femily fira nf?u London, the 
fim oT Donaldson and SoS A K^ri» BnSn t. 

Bom on April 14, 1915 he Freedom for many yeare. 

was called up into the r . 

Auxilary Air Force in 1939 
and served in die Balloon 
Barrage until invalided out in 
1941 to join die Ministry .of 

Aircraft Production. He re- can give ns the bdp we I 

10 Private practice in so desperately need in our I 

J942 as a partner in the firm %bt against poverty and I 

of Fare Donaldson and Fos- despair. J I 

ter. dealing mainly with war I 

damage in East London. ForGodkuba I 


for Ood^safee, care . 


“2“ S' 8 ™* reason for cot deaths remains Peter Moore a^d the J Hoo came intiie l4S Pa S n 

babies, tbe firms Ciba-Cetgy, to be discovered. | Rocco Forte also rookie. I SSth J J5f ,L 950s ,^ hen 

together with the architect 

jOlQaeta victoria 

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rQarnptt Ie V 





Marlene (PG) 
<1 Electric Screen 

the firing squad 

* iri.v 

a>: u- 


-,-t . i : 

e. ’ i\r- 

'•■*£ : 
it-.; _ ; 


s ¥ W]Th eJ ?s?, e y° fNatt y 

‘ - r - iGann(PG) 

-3. Cannon Haymark et 

The Quiet Earth (15) 

Premiere Leicester Square 

Dangerous Moves 
^ 'PG) 

_ Academy 1 

. ’ 3 «c2ji 



^ job 

\ The Scorpion (18) 

¥ Gannon Panton Street 


x . 

. 7 : y 
• -.i :r 

v, “I yc been photographed enough. 
h '-T to.' * taBk y°«" Maricnc Dietrich tells 
her uniorlunaic interviewer Maxi- 
ajw? - Schctt in Marlene, thus 

-J 0'< condemning him to a documentary 
around the sound, but not the 
: •toT ima » c -.«> f title subject ScheU 
• tier, ^ spent sa hard days in 1982 coaxing 
memories and comments out of this 
tart* leswidary but crotchety octogenar- 

' tan. and deserves high marks for 

. a perseverance. 

-..p, t There were many other stumbling- 
" ; ^ 71 Mocks. Schell's cameras were refused 
. V. ^ fr" all access to her Paris apartment and 
personal possessions, and in 
■ t r conversation Dietrich repeatedly 
. . poured vitriol over her past career. 

_ The Blue Angel and other early 

triumphs directed by Josef von 
.. j tf I? Sternberg — some of the most potent- 
r >r films in all cinema — are dismissed 
4. as kitsch, quatsch or drecki the 
. f ,words echo through the soundtrack 
: . ft; ‘like shrapnel. Schdl himself is 

-- : '?nihr ultimately given a verbal spanking 
- - rro feq m. for falling down on the job: “You 
■ - Vurrjg, should go back to Mama Schell". 

** she mutters, "and learn 

Marlene Dietrich with Gary Cooper in Dishonoured 


ifintj **** mutters, 
liins I* manners. 

^ * Creditably. ScheU has made no 
jwj attempt 10 disguise the difficulties of 
making bricks without straw, though 
not all his devices for accompanying 
...„ H.. Dietrich's words and filling the 


screen really pay. The aerial archive 
shots of devastated Berlin, in faint 
. .. ‘Vf ; ‘ colour, work beautifully. Elsewhere. 

[ *. ■ '-“.the scenes showing Schell and his 

. crew recreating the interview setting 
. and editing film footage prove 

FI. POff j\ \\T somewhat arch, but pass muster. 

Not so the phantasmagoric*! collage 

• i waesof hanging film-strips, advancing 
* .. '.e> hi: cameras, blurred, jigsaw-puzzle ira- 

• --r ^fcages and Dietrich mannequins: this. 

. . : ric is a disastrous dip Into territory best 

\: L’fi-.kft to Fellini. - 
: ? But. for all his intermittent 
a c ingenuity in juggling photographs, 

. ... j 21; newsreel footage and film dips. -. 
V ,-Schell remains tethered td^the words 
:_ t!C lfand outlook of his interviewee. 

. .V., E j Dietrich's rampant lack of curiosity . 

.♦C. about her past is echoed by the 
.‘■^“-film's choice of dips — mostly a- 
’ "‘ J round-up of the tried and true. More 
. .... seriously, the film never properly 

’ . addresses itself to the twists and - 

turns of the star's extraordinary fife. 

At one end of the career spectrum 
"■‘'''"TV wc see the fantastic, teasing, erotic 
- “.i Dietrich of the Sternberg years - 
^ pulling off the gorilla costume in 
-,■—.33 '^Blonde Venus, applying .lipstick 
-before the firing-squad - in 
S — 

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Dishonoured 1 At the other' end, there 
is the sequinned grande dame of the 
later solo concerts, furs squirted 
round her like whipped cream — a 
visual and vocal caricature of her 
former self. Ail die visual evidence 
is there before us: the whys and 
wherefores, however, are absent 

Marlene, then, is infuriating, but 
rarely boring: Dietrich herself makes 
sure of that. And there is always the 
supporting programme for succour. 
Seventeen of her early features are 
showing, changing daily, ranging 
from The Blue Angel to Just a 
Gigolo, made in 1978 and contain- 
ing what must now be counted as 
her last film appearance. 

The Disney company's. Journey of 
Natty Gann is fortunately better 
than its title: better, too, than a bare 
synopsis. indicates. Natty. -played by • 
an attractive newcomer, Meredith 
Salenger. is a . Depression urchin 
from Chicago who sets out by hook, 
crook, train and . foot to reach her 
lumbeijack father in Seattle; en route*: 
she makes pals' with - a friendly, 
good-looking wolf; played by Jed. 

. Twenty or 30 years ago Disney’s 
film-makers would probably have 
settled for the Wand thrills and spills 
of a cross-country trek with a four- 
1 egged friend, but the company now 
aims for a little adult bite in its 
product. So Natty, .faced with 
skinning a rabbit. lets- loose a 
hcartfeh.'“Ughr. Throughout!, great 
pains are taken to root hfer 
adventures in a' particular social* 

world, where the unemployed and 
discarded children haunt the streets 
or crouch in shanty towns next to 
billboards with the ironic slogan 
“Home by Train — Travel While 
You Sleep". In the long run the 
director. Jeremy Kagan, takes too 
many pains over the setting at the 
story's expense. But. despite the 
script's simplicities and some over- 
lacquered photography from Dick 
Bush, enough warmth and sincerity 
. remain 10 make this one of Disney's 
best family offerings for some time 

Some of the world's worst and 
cheapest films deal with mankind on 
its last legs: Roger Cormari's The 
Last Woman on Earth, with a 
tedious cast of three, immediately 
leaps to mind. The Quiet Earth, 
from the skilful New Zealand 
director Geoff Murphy, belongs to a 
far higher level of production, 
though a residue of Z-movie hokum 
remains. The story's. nuts and bohs. 
for instance, need drastic tightening. 
We never receive convincing 
explanations of the meddling 
scientists' activities, or why three 
people survived the catastrophe that 
otherwise depopulated the world at. 
6.12am. leaving a trail of empty cars 
and half-eaten breakfasts. The film 
also shakes the old romantic 
triangle, to dull effect. 

For the first 30 minutes, however. 
The Quia Earth exploits its situa- 
tion with likeable verve and wry 
humour. The scientist hero, decently 
played by Bruno Lawrence, reacts to 
his isolation with fluctuating moods: 

tootling on a bass saxophone, 
moving into desirable addresses, 
boring himself with snooker. Then 
his mind starts to crack, the girl 
shows up. and the film backslides. 

International imports dominate 
this week. The Scorpion hails from 
the Netherlands, while Switzerland 
offers Dangerous Moves — last 
year's mysterious Oscar-winner as 
the Best Foreign Film. This proves 
to be a competent though tepid 
character drama about two Russian 
chess-players — a mercurial dissident 
and an ailing Grand Master — 
meeting in Geneva for the world 
championship. The air reeks of 
intrigue and tactical talk: fascinating 
enough for those fascinated by chess, 
but small beer for the non-believer. 
Michel Piccoli. at any rate, carries 
off the Grand Master's pan with 
elegant aplomb. The writer-director 
Richard Dembo principally works as 
an opera director, though there is 
nothing to suggest this in the film's 
dry style. 

At least Ben Verbong. director of 
The Scorpion, is a film-maker to his 
fingertips, eager to tell his stories 
with a visual flourish. The plot 
concerns a petty embezzler sucked 
into a political conspiracy stretching 
back to the Indonesian war. As in 
his Resistance thriller The Girl With 
Red Hair. Verbong displays great 
skill in sustaining an atmosphere of 
unease, though one could wish the 
atmosphere surrounded a tidier, 
more believable yarn. 

Geoff Brown 


Instruments of corruption 

Women Beware 
Royal Court 

Second only to Dr Faustus, 
Women Ben-arc Women is 
the most tantalizingly imper- 
fect masterpiece in the classi- 
cal repertory. For four acts. 
Middleton coolly unfolds the 
story of a double seduction, 
showing marriage, love, and 
physical disgust all succumb- 
ing to the power of money: 
and how people are violently 
transformed by what they do. 

But at the moment you 
have come to trust the author 
as a modern voice speaking 
clearly across the centuries, 
the play abruptly subsides 
into period convention and 
surrenders all its complex 
truths and detailed humanity 
for the rusty machinery of a 
Jacobean revenge plot. 

Middleton was a writer 
who regularly worked in 
collaboration and you can see 
the appeal of bringing in a 
contemporary collaborator to 
put the piece back on the 
rails: especially as the task 
has been taken on by Howard 
Barker, well known as a neo- 
Jacobean. The first half of the 
evening runs roughly as 
expected, with a condensed 
version of Middleton's text, 
and some -rearrangement of 
narrative order, coming to a 
stop just when the revenge 
mechanism is about to engulf 
the casL 

The ninety-minute second 
half, however, is no mere 
rewritten ending but an 
energetically sustained at- 
tempt to push the entire work 
in a different direction. 
Middleton shows sex no less 
than money as an instrument 
of corruption. When the 
virtuous Bianca is entrapped 
into betraying her husband 
with the Duke, the effect is 
that of taking fruit from the 
forbidden tree. As Barker sees 
things, however, sex is the 

Donald Cooper 

Joanne Wfaalley as Bianca, Nigel Davenport as tie Duke 

grand adversary of money 
and political power, and his 
main emphasis goes on 
asserting its regenerative 
powers even for the Duke 
(played by Nigel Davenport) 
and the arch-procuress. Livia. 
To this end. he reprieves all 
Middleton's victims, and in- 
troduces a new victim of his 
own — the Ward's compan- 
ion. Sordido, originally a 
loutish side-kick, transformed 
into an embodiment of the 
alienated young, who bursts 
into the court and rapes 
Bianca on the morning of her 
marriage with the Duke. 

What fa missing, though, 
despite the apopleptic energy 
of the language, is any trace 
of narrative invention to 
supplant Middleton's ending 
or relate the piece to a latter- 
day society where everything 
and everybody is for sale. 
The impart, indeed, is more 
Jacobean than Middleton, 
and more remote. 

The dominant impression 
of William Gaskill's produc- 
tion is one of long-range 
strategy, which has led the 
company to soft-pedal the 
first act so as not to dash 
openly with the second. 
Bianca's husband Leaniio. for 
instance, is a humble factor 
who has managed to win an 
upper-class girL When the 
RSC first revived the piece in 

1962 it came over as a class- 
warfare drama akin to Look 
Back in Anger. 

Hypergamy. however, has 
no place in Barker's scheme, 
and Stevan Rimkus's Leaniio 
is simply a good-looking boy 
in black tights who may lose 
his wife, but can still find 
erotic salvation with the wily 
Livia. Livia herself, one of 
the greatest female roles ever 
written, receives a highly 
mannered performance from 
Maggie Steed, who holds the 
role at arm's length, seeming 
to mock it: until, in the 
second act, she erupts into 
sexual passion and sheds her 
old personality like a dead 

The production, played on 
a bare, pillar-flanked stage, is 
austere to the point of stasis 
during the eventful first act. 
and bursts into animated 
movement for the eventless 
sequeL Everything has been 
done, in short, to give full 
force to Barker's work 
(including spectacular perfor- 
mances from Simon Russell 
Beale and Gary Oldman) but 
I was left mainly wishing that 
Joanne Whatley's delicately 
cruel Bianca had been given 
the chance 10 play the 
original text, poisoned arrows 
and alL 

Irving Wardle 

TV Eye (Thames) marked the 
first anniversary- of the 
teachers* pay dispute by 
paying a brisk visit to a 
comprehensive school in 
•Richmond. Yorkshire, a 
comfortably middle-class 
town whose ancient streets 
flood with 1.500 teenagers 
every lunchtime, there being 
no , .teachers prepared to 
supervise them. 

As in the best produced 
school play, everyone acted 
true to type. The benignly 
sensible headmaster spoke of 
the “disintegration from 
within" caused by the “agony 
of spirit*’ among bis “very, 
very fine colleagues"; bis 
rather dull staff vented the 
grievances that have led them 
to withdraw “goodwill" for 
the past 12 ^ months; the 
brighter pupils expressed 
qualified sympathy for their 


mentors (whom they rivalled 
for articulacy); a meeting of 
double-glazed, mortgage-pay- 
ing parents threatened to sue 
the local education authority 
for failing to meet the 
provisions of the law; and a 
half-moon- bespectacled NUT 
demagogue drew a standing 
ovation from his loyal mem- 

like programme did well to 
present a balanced round-up 
of tbe various factious' views 
in a scant half-hour, but it 
would have been refreshing to 
hear at least one dissident 
voice among this orgy of line- 
toeing — if not a contented 
teacher, then a scholar who 
was not cheesed off about tbe 
loss of lessons and extra- 
moral activates. Those of ns 
old enough to have children 
preparing for GCEs this 
summer are properly per- 

turbed at the patchy tuition 
and postponement of new 
curricula that have resulted 
from this disruption. 

Meanwhile. A CAS has ar- 
bitrated without managing to 
conciliate; intransigence holds 
sway, the money will prob- 
ably have to be found. 
Perhaps this report's most 
useful function was to ad- 
vertise the teachers' continu- 
ing case. Notwithstanding 
their hefty holidays, they 
have, in the eyes of many, 
been underpaid. The Head of 
English at Richmond, for 
example, pulls in a decidedly 
nhefty £12,000. Small won- 
der that her senior pupils 
have no apparent insight into 
what “hopefully" can and 
cannot mean. 

Martin Cropper 



? SO/Pritchard 



J- V -■ 

v ; 



- ^t'Thc BBC rarely lets its 
- • - ^"Symphony Orchestra out of 

new -music paddock to 
>:• ' k roam among the buffaloes of 
-’f.lhc 19th-century orchestral 
. .. a -i- ■ repertoire, at least not in the 
. .. »• .winter season. So it is good 
.. news that the orchestra's 

5®- principal conductor. Sir John 
,! Pritchard, is directing all four 

-r' 1 -" Brahms symphonies- . this 
’ week at the Barbican. Less 

.‘-.r'good news for the Corpora- 
/ lion is the public’s response. 

- or rather the lack of it. 

. ‘ Perhaps the low attendance 
' c ‘ for this programme of the 

• First and Second Symphonies 

• reflected the fact that across 
^5- the river the Cleveland Or- 

. a’ chcsira was drawing a big 
crowd. If so. that is ironic. 
'■„%£ because the BBC SO — with 
- - its string sections, by London 

standards, luxuriously aug- 
. . '-''"v mcmcd <10 double _ basses 

. . - ^ here, for instance) is cur- 
- *‘;.rently producing a rtmark- 

.ably American-sounding. 

>;tubby-iorcd tuni. itself. 
Pritchard is too expen- 
re’ ' cnced not to know how to 
-wmakc such a big body of 
. . I nW strings sound wonderful. 
^‘rAnd when Pritchard drove 
* " r-;: Vhis forces hard at the 

rhythms of No -Ts-dosing few 
pages, the result was compcl- 
ling. '■ 

-Too often, though, that 
driving impetus . was not 
strong enough. Rhythmic 
definition became fuzzy (the 
outset of No 2's finale was a 
casually here) and there! was 
a -tendency, for phrases. 10' tail 
off incomplete, especially 
where Pritchard was quicken- 
ing the .tempo. One admired 
the ultra-smooth phrasing — 
but only in No 2's allegretto 
was there sufficient contrast. 
Indeed. Pritchard seemed to 
eschew entirely that most 
magical of orchestral effects: 
a large body of strings playing 
absolutely pianissimo.. 

If articulation on a bar-10- 
bar level could have been 
■ more imaginatively varied, 
there was compensation in 
Pritchard’s spacious yet flex- 
ible pacing of the larger 
paragraphs. The pungent dis- 
cords of No 1*5 first move- 
ment bit deep, and in the 
same symphony's allegretto 
he judged perfectly the mo- 
ment 10 move from urbane, 
lyricism to more forceful 
passions. The orchestra 
played well for him too: there 
is another chann? to admire 
this very big band at the 
Barbican tonight. 

Richard Morrison 

Festival Hall 

If one of Che purposes of a 
visiting orchestra- is to stir a 
concert capital into question- 
ing and rc-asscssing its under- 
standing of repertory works, 
then the Cleveland Orchestra, 
at the start of their 21 -concert 
tour of Europe, have already 
succeeded triumphantly. 

Christoph von Dohnanyfs 
understanding of Beethoven's 
Ninth Symphony is revealed 
only, in its end. in a finale 
which for the first time for 
me vindicated itself totally 
and finally. 

From the start, von 
Dohnanyi forces the listener 
10 readjust all sense of scale. 

The first movement pitted 
fragments and angles of 
phrasing against taut, near 
stifled climaxes: the steel- 
spiked scherzo was a master- 
piece of miniaiurism. And 
the Adagio was a mesmeri- 
cally' compelling ' experiment 
in creating cantahile purely 
by the steady, precisely cal- 
culated movement of each 
note. But what did this all 
add lip to? 

Robert Lloyd's magnificent 
entry with Beethoven’s in- 

troductory words to the Ckfe 
of Joy revealed alL By 
refusing, even in a so-called 
cantahile and even in recita- 
tive. to anthropomorphize 
his orchestra by letting them 
for one moment anticipate 
the human voice, von 
Dohnanyi was able suddenly 
to floodlight the full ex- 
pressive purpose of the voice 
itself. And. by taking Beetho- 
ven at his word (“when an 
idea comes to me 1 hear it on 
an instrument, never on a 
voice"), and treating his 
chorus and soloists too 
(Karita Maufia. Alfreda 
Hodgson. Siegfried Jeru- 
salem) as instruments to be 
played upon, deftly and 
flee'ily. he worked the para- 
doxical miracle of folly tlesh- 
ing-out the finale's human 

This mercurial extended 
scherzo of a symphony was 
the thought to insist on 
standing alone. It was pre- 
ceded with equal originality 
and distinction by Gunter 
Reich’s performance of 
Schoenberg’s melodrama “A 
Survivor from Warsaw" 
juxtaposed movingly with his 
bittersweet unaccompanied 
choral setting. "Fricae auf 
Erdeh”: a most apposite and 
resonant preparation of the 
ear and mind for what was to 

come. Hilary Finch 



Music Network 

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to clarify 

The Takeover Panel has 
asked Demerger Corporation 
to clarify several points 
concerning its takeover bid 
for Extel Group. 

The request, described by ! 
Mr . John Walker-Haworth, 
director-general of the peveK 
as “an unusual situation", is 
believed to be for more 
information about the identi- 
ty of Demerger’s backers, 
whether or not it intends to 
offer Extel shareholders a 
cash alternative to its paper 

Argyll raises Distillers bid 
to record £2.3 billion 

By Jeremy Warner, Badness Correspondent 
Mr James Gulliver's Argyll market and reemphasized his 
Group yesterday raised the company’s commitment to 
m The auction for acquiring Diyti Iters 
Distillers, the Scotch whisky Argyll immediately toe* 
groiro. to a new record figure advantage of the new bid to 
™ takeover history — buy six million Distillers 
a. bl u shares in the stock market. 

At the same time the raising its effective to 
supermarkets and food man- 3-25 per cent. Mr Gulliver 
uiactunng concern launched indicated that the group's 
a sca thing attack on the merchant bank, Mon- 

m a nag ement record of its ra g n , would carry on buying 
nyal bidder, Guinness, and until h reached the maxi- 
mal company's claim to be a mum IS per cent st aVft 

dynamic .new force in inter- showed under takeover rules, 
national brand marketing. Mr Gulliver said Argyll 
The timing of Argyll's new recognized the commercial 

national brand marketing. Mr 
The timing of Argyll’s new recog 
offer took the stock market realit 
by surprise. Stockbroking an- its tel 
alysts were at a loss to that 
explain why AigyD should achic 
raise its offer before learning prise: 
whether the £22 billion bid ' He 

* market reality that it had to increase been tempted to let the 
rofcmg an- its terms at some s t ag *, and Guinness bid go ahead while 
loss to that by doing so now it the Argyll offer was lower on 
D should achieved an element of sur- the grounds that it could be 
e learning prise. depriving . Distillers share- 

liHion bid ' He denied tint the new holders of higher terms if it 
Id be re- terms indicated that Arevfl did- not. 

by Guinness would be re- terms indicated that Argyll 
ferred to the Monopolies and had already taken the vrew 

cash alternative to its paper Mergers Commission. A ref- that the Guinness offirr would 

bid and its links with Dr erence of the brewer’s bid not be referred. He also 

Ashraf Marwan, the Egyptian would leave the field clear for rejected the that 

financier. Argyll. Argyll had raisetFthe terms to 

share was successfully com- 
pleted yesterday by the stock- 
broking firms, Rowe &. 
Pitman and Panmure Gor- 

.Argyll said that its earnings 
per share would rise by 24 
per cent if the new offer were 
successful. A new offer on the 
same terms by Guinness 
would involve the brewer in 
earnings dilution of more 
than 20 per cent, Argyll said. 

Mr Olivier Roux, a senior 
Guinness director, said the 
claims were “rubbish” He 
.famine Gnfliven an said that Argyll shareholder 
element of surprise would be getting “an ex- 
en tempted to let the tremely raw deal” under the 
n'nness bid go ahead while new terms. 
s Argyll offer was lower on Guinness's chief executive, 
e grounds that it could be Mr Ernest Saunders, said the 
priving .Distillers share- company remained firmly 
Iders of higher terms if it committed to and “cot*- 
i dol vinced of the benefits both to 

Argyll is offering 11 of its Distillers shareholders and 
dinary stores, 10 new the industry of the mercer 

..‘th r, — if w • 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Reagan report scales 
peaks of optimism 


Mr Peter Earl, a director of 
Demerger and of its advisors 
Ifincorp Earl, said the foil 
details of the bid would be 
revealed in the offer docu- 
ment if not before. 

Offer for sale 

Templeton, Galbraith &. 
Hansbeiger, a Bahamas fund 
management group, is com- 
ing to the stock market via 
an offer for sale by Cazenove 
and Co of 40 million Hmiiwt 
voting shares. The price will 
be set on February 12 and 
application lists open a week 

Tempos, page 18 

Burton bonds 

the terms to 

Mr Gulliver aid the new put pressure on the Govero- 

ofler gave his i 
ty to buy s 

flexibili- ment to refer the rival offer, 
in the The Government might have 

ordinary shares, 10 new the industry of the merger 
convertible preference shares with Distillers". G uinness 
and £15 in cash for every 10 would be reviewing hs posi- 
Distillers shares, putting a uon with Distillers but still 
value on etch of 645p. awaited a decision from the 
Subunderwriting of a cash Government on whether the 
alternative offer worth 600p a offer would be referred. 

Opec may 
meet on 
Budget day 

UK firms likely to win big 
USSR orders after accord 

O V By Edward Townsend 

By David Young Industrial Reporter 

Energy Correspondent . Nine British 
I fading members of the represented on tbe Bntish- 

Organization of Petrofenm Soviet . Joint Commission /TSij3® 

Exporting Countries (Opec) stand to win orders worth 

are considering calling a full- hundreds of millions of cl 

scale ministerial meeting to pounds as a result of tbe new . ..v?- 

coincide* with the British economic and industrial ao- 

Budget on March 18 in a bid cord reached between the two 

to increase downward pres- countries yesterday. . ■& ' 

sure on North Sea oil prices Engineering companies and WR . . 



Engineering companies and QH, . , '•;** 

JHSkSrsj ft*. Strs sgaaBRffss 

year bonds with warrants “onomy, ... • • aation equipmentare among . Alan OarkmHl Sir Bryan Cartledge 

attached. The issue, arranged The pnre confusion which those most likely to socceoL credits, in puiicular medium 

. _ • - - n - J. .• X.H Tkii HraiA Cl/IOr m tl\A Qrtri lATiW-I flf ril ArAAffC ntl thp 

station equipment are among 

by S.G. Warburg, allows normally surrounds a fofl- 
Burton to refinance £72. scale Opec meetmg^would. 

, \ term debL femSTSaSli «v«n^ from the North Sea timing on areas such as 

• _ v — ^ Term dcW ’ lefflpas > 18 as Mr Nigel Lawson, the chemicals. and gas, metal 

k . \ / ^ — Chancellor, annpnnra* - the industries, machine tools, 

f i ! { i iLHWbarrred Government's economic and other high technology 

# ) m > VsaS'n,- r Am j M inumafiViiui - .A large fiction within tbe Two companies, John 

*r m /V— 13-member oil producers' Brwn and^vy Mcf^are 
*’V. .* f Jn~rr5pl carte! maintains that m already bidding for several 
) * j 1983, whm Qpec ijdiBrtM tomb, 

i •> j J^tSn ontjjut. quo« du™-jh, 

The price confusion which those most likely to succeed, credits, in particular medium February, emphasizes the re- 
normafly surrounds a foil- The two sides in the and long-term credits on the furbishment and moderniza- 
scale Opec meefoig would, discussions, due to be com most favourable conditions non of existing plant and, 
they argue, eat into Britain's plexed tomorrow, are concen- possible”. said Mr Clarke, this was an. 

revenues from the North Sea timing on areas such as . Mr Alan Clark, the new area in which British compa- 
ss Mr Nigel Lawson, the chemicals, oil and gas, metal Minister for Trade, said that rues could have good pros- 
Chancdlor, a nnounces - the industries, machine tools, under the programme British peers. 

omJ MIum* Vtfth faoluiAlrvni n mmvi ltiwiio anmmp n nivl Trorla kntniAon Drttom on4 

million of its sterling short- tofttam’s £^^ 0 ^ me concen- po jW 

Government's economic 

- A large, fection withm the 
13-member oil producers' 

economic and other high technology firms were being encouraged Trade between Britain and 
sectors. ; to make long-term .agree- the USSR tends to fluctuate 

withm the Two companies, John ments with their ; Soviet wildly because of the large 

producers' Brown and Davy McKee, are counterparts. Some compa- value of individual projects 

that in already bidding fix* several nies, such as 1C1 and such as chemical factories. 

i uiaiiLiai » utuib* LjvuKmfti- j »n»i»»f*TYic that m 

LH wTutme^from °nSm£ e March 1983, when Opec spt. chemical, industries tnrokey Gdodetz, already had such 
J^itoSvkSSSftZ cow .quotas . during;: tfe, projects pd Simor^Carves -is agffemqils. ^ 

to make long-term .agree- the USSR tends to fluctuate 
ments with their ; Soviet wildly because of the large 

already bidding fix* several 

■ship. In his iudgemeSt re- ouqxit quotas ounng- rts, progeto and Simop^aryes js a^emenis. ■ - ■ 

iSsedwst^av ar^mthonv nunistenal meeting m Loo- bidcfing for process plant sub- Experience of the 1975 

rXShl the ’ 'ttK^alcom- don, Mr Lawson, then Energy contracting, workjbr a big long-term programme had 

Secretary, gave • Opec an new polyester factory m shown that trade doubled 

GovS rf ST nSST Sea Ru««. . with*, five ^proving fiat 

Pnoi^nH ..nhjTf iffiTn*. output would be limited to Courtauids, which has been such agreements did open up 
England, upheld Lille . c tm- . . « Ami a-<nTYrilM»r nf to the nnrmrtimitiK for 1 IK lirms in 

Secretary, gave . Opec ih new polyester fectory in 
missioner appomted by . the - /_* 4^. v Tir o__ 

finvprnor of ihe' Bank of ussuianoe- mat North Sea Ktissia. .... 

EnelancL upheld Li^snon- output would be limited to Cotmauk^whrc* has been 
S to LfW S 2.1 mmob barrels a day. ^supplier of textiks to the 

The Government has con- USSR for more than 30 
sistentiy. denied , this and years, has recently had dis- 

Pts^SutaSon «sce then. North Sea output cussions with the Russians 

. ^SS^SSlJS has t5m to around 27 on the modernization of a 

I fh^pHW million barrels a day. textile fectory in which it was 

i? eS «.“ 1 CSf D 5i Sbeflch Afi Khdfe, tte involved 20 years ago. 

dld , Knwaitr oil ‘ minister, said Another of Britain’s big 

suitable for a Lifle member. TZZT ino Rah«v+ 

rtput would be limitwH to Courtauids, which has been such agreements did open up UK exports to the .USSR 
I millioh barrels a day. a supplier of textiles to the opportunities for UK firms in were worth £735 million in 
The Government has coo- USSR for more than 30 the USSR. 1984 but fell to a provisional 


such as chemical factories. 

However, Britain is in 
eighth position in the list of 
western world exporters to 
the Soviet Union, the leader 

shown that trade doubled being West Germany foi- 
within five years proving that lowed by Finland. 

The White House is irrepressible. 
Hot on the beds of spending 
proposals which merely served to 
illustrate the atrocious tensions in 
American budgetary policy. Presi- 
dent Reagan yesterday predicted 
three more years of robust growth. 
Some 4 per cent or more each year, 
he maintained, could be expected as 
the result of a successful “economic 
formula” lodged in the early days of 
his Administration. 

In his 1986 economic report to 
Congress Mr Reagan said that, 
despite a painful transition from the 
recession of 1982, the United States 
was now poised for a new era of sus- 
tained growth. Its hallmarks would 
be low federal spending, low taxes, 
limited ■ federal regulations and, 
most important, low inflation. 

The report is nothing if not 
optimistic. It concedes that 
America's trade deficit will foil a 
little this year from the record 
$148.7 billion recorded in 1985. But 
it argues that increased business 
investment and continued consumer 
spending will raise America's growth 
rate from 2.5 per cent in 1985 to 4 
per cent. Unemployment, it fore- 
casts, will decline slightly, to 6.7 per 
cent, and inflation will rise only 
modestiy.from 33. per cent to 3.8 
per cent. 

Mr Beryl Sprinkel, chairman of 
the Council of Economic Advisers, 
serves as the Administration's chief 
optimist Undeterred by the failure 
to meet growth figures in last year’s 
official forecasts, be brushed aside 
private economic forecasts for 1986, 
which are mainly well below those 
of the A dminis tration. He has one 
genuine cause to believe outside 
forecasts are too low; few take 
account of the most recent foil in 
the oil price. The consensus among 
private economists is growth of 3 
per cent this year. But Mr Sprinkel 
said that because of tbe sharp 
decline in oil prices, most are raising 
their forecasts. 

The President's report does its 
best to assuage other obvious 
worries such as the rise in household 
debt late last year to 82 percent as a 
share of disposable personal income 
’ (a matter of concern to Mr Paul 
Volcker, chairman of the. Federal 
Reserve Board). At the same time, 
the report plays down the signifi- 
cance of the national lurch into 
debt. Americans have become a net 
debtor nation for the first time since 

World War I. The amount of US as- 
sets held by foreigners exceeds 
foreign assets held by the US, and 
the excess is expanding at as annual 
rate of $100 billion. 

Pressure mounts to 
settle ITC debts 

As negotiations between the 
International Tin Council and its 
creditors drag on, there is an 
intensifying danger that the issue 
will be decided by external forces. 

The 13 London Metal Exchange 
brokers involved with the ITC are 
now paying collectively £800,000 a 
week in interest charges on positions 
on which the ITC defaulted. It is a 
pressure few can stand for much 

Worse, the tin price is drifting 
down to a level at which the 
arithmetic of Newco, the company 
proposed by bankers and brokers to 
take over the ITCTs obligations, 
looks fragile. Mines are receiving 
about £5,200 a tonne for their 
output — noticeably below the 
£6,000 on which Newco is based 
and a for cry from the £8,000 
enjoyed last October. 

There are technical reasons for 
this.On the supply side, some mines, 
particularly in Malaysia, are making 
forced sales. Tin trading started in 
Kuala Lumpur because Malaysian 
mines and smelters needed an 

On the demand side, purchases 
are limited by users' hopes that 
prices could foil further.But it would 
be a brave broker indeed who 
depended on so precarious a 
balance. The more protracted the 
crisis, the greater the risk that tin 
prices will be too low to suport even 
Newco’s limited aspirations. For 
that reason, the ITC is clearly now 
concentrating its fire on the British 
Government Having foiled to wring 
much extra finance from the banks 
and brokers, the council hopes 
HMG will shoulder the burden, 
which by any reasonable standard, is 
the ITCs. 

It is vital the Government does 
not succumb to this invidious 
pressure. Considered brutally, it is 
better that a number of LME 
brokers go buSt than the British 
Government be inveigled by an 
organisation, of which it is a 
member, to assume all the other 
members’ debts 

sistentiy. denied - this and years, has recently had dis- 
5 thpr foen. North Sea output cussions with the Russians 

than 30 the USSR 1984 but fell to a provisional 

had dis- ‘Thus the commercial ef- figure of £537 million in 
Russians fects of the new programme 1985. 
on the modernization of a could run into billions of The 1984 total included 
textile fectory in which it was pounds since the USSR unusually high re-exports of 
ago. attaches considerable impor- non-ferrous metals, mainly 
aim's big tanoe to the programme. It silver and tin. Imports from 

Low fees for new members 


T - 

h >/ 

• BURMAH Oil* Hazefl has 
completed sale of its operations 
'in Holland- Partco Rijs been 
sold to tbe senior managers of 
the company and Quinton 
Hazel 1 Nederland to Standard 
Quality Para. Tbe amount to 
be received by Bunnah is 
expected to be m region of £2 

agreement was announced to- 
day for long-term scientific and 
technical cooperation between 
Courtauids and foe Stale 
Committee for Science and 
Technology of tbe Soviet 
Union. Dr Norman Wo 9 <nng, 
Courtauids’ deputy chairma n 
said: “The agreement represents 
a new initiative in tbe 
strengthening of Cwmaiuds 
major trading partnership wnn 
1 the ussr which has been 
fostered over more than 30 


Knwaitr oil minister, said Another of Britain's big tance to the programme. It 
yesterday: “I have already engineering groups, Babcock will by no means guarantee 
said that in the absence of an International, has recently orders but it should increase 
agreement between Opec and reached a technological agree- the opportunities to win 
non-Opec members, prices ment with the Soviet Union business.” 
might reach $10 a barreL” which could lead to further Most of the sectors in the 

tance to the programme. It silver and tin. Imports from 
will by no means guarantee Russia were worth £854 

However, even a sharp fell business for tbe company in 
in prices, would be unlikely to areas such as gas treatment 
persuade any of the oil &ud coal gasification. 

million in 1984, felling to an 
estimated £725 million last 

Britain's biggest purchases 

companies producing off- 
shore to cut bask. 

The industrial marine divi- 
sion of Rolls-Royce is hoping 

p S? B F m ? ,e T^E arej £ “ from Russia are raw wsneri- 
which the USSR would be ^ mosl jy D i] and oil-related 
seelong to acquire Western prod^ ^ and wood, 
products, services and tech-. and skins, chemicals 

no'ogy. A programme such as ^ ^ vehides . 
this, said Mr Clark, provided 

• The pound bounced back for more power station tur- this, said Mr Clark, provided ‘ 
above $L40 yesterday, bene- bme orders. Rank Xerox, tbe best availabfe substitute Tte Londor 

fifing from a slight firming of also represented on the Com- to normal market research. Joint Commis 

oil- prices and dollar weak- mission, sees more opportu- There were good prospects smee it was 
ness, writes David Smith., nities for exports of for British companies for the I97U. And ns 

The sterling index gained 03 photocopying equipment export of technology and new long-icn 

points to 73.9. Barclays Bank and Mor- equip mem fo r the chemiad Jor “onomic 

Brent crude oil for delivery in gan-Grenfefl Holdings are and pettocfaeimcaL oil and co-operation. 
March, after felling to a also members of the Cbm- 8 fs se p iat ^-. Under the 

recent low of $15.70 a barrel mission, reflecting the impor- also exist^ m the fields of general pro via 

Tbe London session of tbe 
Joint Commission is the 13th 

There were good prospects since it was established in 
for British companies for the 1970. And its highlight ts the 
export of technology and new long-term programme 
equipment for the chemical for economic and industrial 

recent low of $1 5.70 a barrel mission, reflecting the impor- 
on Wednesday, recovered to tance both countries attached 
$ 16 ^ 0 . ' to funefingof large industrial 

Tbe pound rose to $1.4050, projects. . The new five-year 
before slipping back at the programme states that within 
dose of London trading to the framework of relevant 

gas sectors. Opportunities Under the programme’s 
also existed in the fields of general provisions the partici- 
instrumentation and control pation of organizations, en- 
sysrems, food and agriculture, terprises and firms of foe two 

$ 1.4002, stiB. a gain of around 
a cent on the day. 

legislation both sides will 
“make efforts to provide 

systems, food and agriculture, terpnses and firms of foe two 

new five-year and many other sectors. countries in co-operation 
tes that within The new Soviet five-year projects may comprise foe 
plan up to 1990, which is to provision of patents, licences, 
be endorsed at the party know-how, technical infor- 
congress at the end of mat inn and new technology. 

Yesterday’s Stock Exchange coun- 
cil announcement that the entry fee 
charged to new members would be 
in the lowly range of £10,000 to 
£50,000 is clear proof if any more 
was needed, of the council's fear of 
market fragmentation. 

Entry fees of up to £700,000 were 
suggested a few months ago when 
there was much talk about the value 
of the exchange's assets in both 
buildings and technology. But the 
unwelcome appearance last October 
of ISRO, the proposed International 
Securities Regulatory Organisation, 
coupled with the Securities and 
Investment Board's willingness to 
accept it as a recognised SRO, have 
caused a fundamental rethink by the 

ISRO was the brainchild of 
overseas brokers and market makers 
operating in the Eurobond and 
international securities markets, 
who were independent of the Stock 
Exchange and wanted to stay that 
way. - 

The SIB’s distinction between an 
SRO and a Recognized Investment 
Exchange, caused the council further 

The SIB's thinking was that the 
exchange function of regulating 
markets should be distinguished 
from the SRO function of regulating 
investment business. The Stock 
Exchange would qualify as both, but 
to many at the exchange, the 
distinction was not a necessary one 
and would pave the way for more 
fragmentation and duplication. It 
would also open the door for 
members of other SRO's like ISRO 
and Nasdim to use the exchange's 

Yesterday’s announcement was 
the council's answer to the on- 
slaught — “Keep it cheap and keep 
potential new members sweet”. 

Applicants with more than 150 
approved employees vail pay the top 
price of £50,000 and those with 10 
or less approved employees will pay 
£ 10 , 000 . 

' J 

a r- 

3* '4 - — •• 


«arr- r " 

r r c<- ■’ 

h t I Tbe dollar lost _ ground 

[ / against most currencies. Tbe 

/ / poond was weaker than 

j j j opening levels against^ most 

"y/ other units, though it re- 

roamed a touch firmer. 

Morning attempts to sell 
~ the dollar kwer failed to push 

it through a key level at 
DM23820. It was weaker 
^ against the Swiss franc at 
20190 (2J1235). The freuch 
franc gained at 73161) 
(73250) while the yen was 
':V little changed at 190.70 
; - * (190.65). 

Banks reluctant over Stockley Specul 
new Mexican credit ties up „ 

By Mike Graham and Richard Thorason fROlTI flpol 

Bankers in New York said shortfell in ofl revenues this UMJM Bv Our Otv Staff 

yesterday that Mexico would year. *. * • By Judith Huntley isy vur uny atan 

need 10 be rescued from hs While no exart fipns were Stodd ^ property com- ^^Distfllm shares jumped 
debt crisis with help from discussal, a soince dose to has finalized hs £80^5 25 p t0 606p in foe stock 

international rostitutions .^uJks saidfoat vancus Sn^urchase of most of market yesterdayasiUpU 
such as 1 tbe International possibilities were discussed ^ paternoster Sauare com- Group increased its takeover 
Monetary Fund and foe surrounding ofl production . t0 $1 PauTs terms. Bui intriugingly Argyll 

Inter-American Development and pnees, tourism and ^ thedrai - m London. declined the dance to map 

Speculative buying helps shares 
move up to fresh peak 

By Our City Staff 

While no exact figures were StDddev ^ Dtooeitv com- Distillers shares j 

e stock 


point on a firmer pound but wich 12p at I36p while 
oils remained unsettled by thoughts of a bid from 
price uncertainties. Most ma- Pleasurama left tbe brewery 
jors were easier including BP, group Vaux 7p up at 380p. 

£mk.‘ ■ ’ / ' intent! monetary policy. ^^Qii^Commission- UR a Nock of 27 millioh 

awwaij b^wskb S tZyaiv? ™.Fr o*-. 

down 5p at 545p. In stores Devons were !5p 

Among leaders Glaxo to the good at 994p ahead of 
eased K) p to 880p on a next week's share split while 
downgrading of profits by tipsters helped S.W. 

■ -S*w 4.- 

complex — which has six 
office buildings and a shop- 

The money market sbo*^ 
age was larger than expected 
and this poshed money np to 

21 HII uid uiwuw • m auu ^ ^ . _ 

13 per ant in the mterfinfo ^ it wa^unlikdy that the 

market The market rernanmd banks could pnm& all 

top of the $4 biUiou it has al- cbmce. , . 1 ^,- 1 - pine centre — to Paternoster 

ready anangrito borrow. Many US tonuSM : tente M ^ 

After a conference in Man- frelendmgrohravily to ]ed ^ Stockfey _ 

haflan with Mexican govern- . Its partners are British 

T uS^S^^menic Further nego^oM wll Ncwson-Smth at a price of 

^Stional^banks^id ^'rTsame .groT^ «°L # 

The FT Ordinary 
Share Index dosed at 
D7I.7, np U a new 

brokers while TI advanced Berbford move to 149p, a rise 
6 p to 40Ip as dealers conlin- of 5p. 

ued to dream of a lad from 
Evered, 15p down at 538p. 

Amstnd continued to be a 
pacesener and struck a fresh 

An advance in textiles was peak of 288p, a 12p rise on 

representing 6p at 23 ^ 

tiooaL, 10p higher at 398p. 
Aitfcen Hume rose lOp at 


Applications must be in 
today for Wellcome, the 
pharmaceutical group, with 
merchant bankers Flemings 
yesterday doing its best to 
cool interest in the issue 
following news that foe city’s 
grey market in the shares has 
created a premium of over 
20p. The bankers feel that 
this may be creating false 

£5 million 

the Cartagena group of Latin S n ^Xf!Lr around 7.5 per cent of tbe 
AmericMdcbtor countries 1 w*n involved in the success-j • 

t -'r market inemarwa panic coun* “r -7 - Washington. IUJ reuevciupiucni «« 

• mKasy abort the outiwkfoj necessaiytoans tqhd pM^ maern a^u^a. Unilever’s surplus buildings 

co ; to make its mrerest at Blackfiiara. 

liQC^ :*■ - that the auftw^es «« payments p^i n^Ld front to ^Stors Charttrhopuse Japhet, the 

on ^^tude of commercial united front to cremrer 

SSSSS S'dSH S wSad&m 

Enfifemrs teterventfon raiB, QU iied as a result of a. substantially. — | — ^ 
Interbank periods coo- 

fined to the short ew. LAWRENCE; BRIKAT GROUPS The fiom- 

- . cmIoiuTs bill The sale of group’s freehold pany is 10 acquire Globestyle 
The Bank -g. premises at Burton on Tirol and South Coast Business 

operations totalled. * S7U .7*1 sow hero completed. The Machines, which together lave 

tion in the mornm« price was- £390.000. which three business centres, in a big 

boncht a tint to - £182 nuioon {^ ether with foe subsiannal expansion 1 of the Brikat busi- 
nftank bills in foe afternoon, jg^udion in investment m ness centres division. Tbe imtiaJ 
total bill Derations Jus resuhed in foe , consideration for Globestyle is 

poup’s indebtedness- £537.000 in ordinary shares- 

invoivcu Ui U1C juutM- nielillm* miiiiTv * 

redevelopment of D SKLS.^*i e d 

. . . institutions, were 

utwhoouse Japhet, the down by Argyll c 

counter bid pushed Coats up There was keen speculative 
6 p at 231p. interest in Illingworth, up lOp 

The video tie-up with at 113p, James NeflJ !2p better 
Woolworth boosted Prest- at 196p, and Hickson Interna- 


on tbe 

Dow gains 12 points 

because- while some countries tenant of Sheldon House at grounds that it saw no reason 
are suffering 1 from’ the fell in Paternoster Square, has con- pay more than the market 
ofl prices others stand to gain finned it is buying its price. 

ciiHctantiallv. buildmg with the consortium Meanwhile, tbe Distillers 


foree business enures, in a big 
expansion" of foe Brikat busi- 
ness centres division. The initial 
consideration for Globestyle is 
£537.000 in ordinary sbares- 

for -£14- million, making the sti u feHered behind 

resKiual pnee for the 4.5-acre ^ Areyll terms on fears drat 
scheme -£66 million. tiie new offer could still be 

The consortium intends to sucked into a Monopolies 
invite six leading City archi- reference with rival bidders 
lecis to put up proposals for Guinness. 

the sensitive site which has 
300,000 sq ft of space: 

The consortium members 
are each putting equity into 
foe scheme. 

Elsewhere, the market 
moved to another new peak 
helped by a variety of 
speculative issues. Govern- 
ment stocks added nearly a 

The Dowjora* industrial WALL STREET 

average broke through the — 

J600 level in bear? arty of a n^ctin. 

tradmg, gammg 12.61 points In the hmg-term tbe mar , 
to l«fe.73. ket is “very bullish,” said Mr 

Advances led declines by Hfldegard Zagorsld, of Pro- 
887 to 445 among tire 1,784 dential-Bache Scarifies, 
issues crossing the tope. Big AT and T was the most 
Board volume amounted to active issue, losing 1-4 to 21 

n 196p, and Hickson Interna- Dawson International, the 
^ _ # Scottish textile company 

1 / nAITlTC which last week announced a 

X m pUlilliJ £633 miition merger with the 

— much larger Coats Pawns, is 

W ATT ctoppt 1° spend £5.2 milhon in 
^ expanding its knitwear sab- 

sidiary, J and D McGeorge. 

sence of a major correction. Production capacity will be 
In the long-term the mar- increased by up to 30 per 
ket is “very bullish,” said Mr cent. There will be space to 
Hfldegard Zagorsld, off Pro- accommodate further growth. 

abort 55.1miIlion shares. 5-8. Pepsic* followed, down 2 
Traders said tint European 3-8 to 70 J4. 
buying helped the market in Prices were higher hi active 
the opening stages, and It trading on the American 
became stronger in tbe ah- Stock Exchange. 

anal-Bache Securities. and 140 jobs will be created 
AT and T was the most over the next five years, 
five issue, losing 1-4 to 21 a new fectory at Dumfries 
8. Pepsico followed, down 2 - it will be ready in mid- 
?jo 70 J-l 1987 - wifi cost £3.55 

Prices were higher m active million, and plant and ma- 
iding on the American ^fainery will cost £1.65 mil- 
ock Exchange. lion. 

id “ 

f S 

the 3 
it all 
and t 
pie. “ 
if I « 


s or 

?y n« 

Ire e 




• t Tt 



, r to 


-- ill 


— B 



— R, 




Bulls beef up the gilts 
market but US lags 


Mar 86 ZZ. 


Odm HMi Low Oom EatVol 

- 07.30 8736 87.16 87 JO 2545 

_ 87.81 87.87 87.70 SHE! 246 

- 86.42 0842 88-30 . 8838 82 

_ 88.65 8&6B 8663 88.72 S8 

i Wares 11203 

Fvwtoadafa total opBnfri«f8si2054S 

- 90.07 82.11 82.05 ffiJK ITffi 

- 8208 8210 8206 8207 1068 

_ 9162 91-93 91.90 9160 123 

- 91 JO 91.70 91.68 9167 36 

Previous days MW open interest 3860 

- 0H8 OHM 8S - 20 85-20 3625 

- nft 64-20 0 

«yt o 

Previous day’s total open Merest 1Z77 

_ B&Z2 8660 95-14 95-29 348 

nft 95-66 0 

mt o 

! The gilt market started refinancing package was un- 
stabilizing late on Wednes- inspired, and investors were 
day. witness the storming waiting to see whether the 
performance after hours of Japanese would sail in to 

! the tap. Treasury 10 per cent buy the 30-year bonds. 
1003, when it advanced with new jobless insur- 
nearly Vz point to £36 7 /ia. a nee claims felling to record 
Yesterday saw a continue- tows of some 316.000 and 

tion of the trend after a 
comparatively quiet start 

good numbers coming out 
for December construction 

which saw prices drifting and factory orders, die US 


real economy is plainly 

But by late morning the strong. But the perversion of 
bulls were definitely in the the spirit of Gramm 
ascendancy and good quality Rudman. visible in the 
selective buying pushed packing of the defence pro- 
prices ahead over lunch by gramme in the Reagan 
some W point. By mid- outline Budget for 1987. 
afternoon, the tap was trad- means the fiscai.nionetary 
in| a ^ferge order balan ce could be anywhere. 

The test of market send- Burton Group 

ment frequently lies in the 

anecdotes. Last week, the Burton Group has teamed 
tales were about rate in- the hard way that being 
creases. Yesterday traders clever is not enough to 
were agog at the idea that impress the stock market 
one fund had plonked a Yesterday its shares fell a 
solid £230 million into the further I2p to 5I6p, making 
market just after the money a two-day fell of 28p, as 
supply figures were pub- dealers realized that the 
lished. Nice going if you can impressive-sounding bond 
get it issue, announced on 

Meanwhile the Bank of Wednesday, would make 
England was doing its best little impact on Burton's 
i to keep the party aimo- perceived problems, 
sphere intact by subtle The bond issue looked so 
variations in its market complicated that some deal- 
intervention techniques, ers initially thought it more 
Yesterday's shortage finally significant than it really is. 
finished up at £730 million. In essence. Burton is issuing 
a credit gap which normally dollar- denominated notes 
inspires a call for an early with warrants, convertible 

round of assistance. 

into shares at 544p. The 

Instead the Bank of En- dollar liability will be con- 
gland rather took its time verted into sterling from the 
over buying the bills, a outset so that the company 
move which in turn helped will raise £72 million now 
to push the short-term rates and the cost of these 
ahead try ’/«« point or so. in borrowings will be only 7.3 
the process giving sterling per cent In return, it stands 
| some covert assistance. to issue (3.4 million shares 
But if the test of any bond in five years time, if the 
market is whether debt can warrants are exercised, 
be sold easily without torpe- Apart from reducing its 
doing sentiment, then the interest charges, the issue 
US, by mid-session y ester- makes little difference. Gear- 
day, was lagging where UK. ing is unaltered, probably at 
market managers have re- about 30 per cent, allowing 
cenfly excelled. The response for cash flow over Christ- 
to the second leg of the US mas. 

Treasury's jumbo S24 billion If Burton wants to take its 

■ shares back to their peak it 
will have to do more than 


John Templeton, who is 
bringing his company 
Templeton, Galbraith & 
Hansbeiger, to the stock 
market next week, has 
looked after other people’s 
money for 43 years. He now 
has nearly $7 billion (£5 
billion) under management, 
representing the savings of 
about 400.000 investors. 

Taking the Morgan Stan- 
ley Capital Internationa] 
World Index as a guide to 
standard practice, 

Templeton is overweight in 
America, Canada and Aus- 
tralia and substantially un- 
derweight in Japan and 
Britain, though that has not 
stopped the company choos- 
ing London as a market for 
its own shares. 

America, which accounts 
for. 63 per cent of 
Templeton’s investments 
against a Morgan Stanley 
weighting of 49 per cent, has 
plenty of undervalued 
growth stocks, according to 
Mr Templeton. He is, how- 
ever, particularly keen on 
the depressed Canadian 
market, partly because the 
limit on wage earners* con- 
tributions to private pen- 
sions is likely to be raised 
from Can$5,000 a year to 
CanS 15,000. 

Mr Templeton believes 
that Britain's economic pros- 
pects are reasonable, but 
that there are few bargains to 
be found in London. He says 
Japanese ratings are too 
high, so only 2 per cent of 
the funds are invested there 
Mr Templeton is clearly a 
man of independent 
thought. Whether that in 
itself will ensure the share 
issue is a success remains to 
be seen as the shares will not 
be priced until February 12. 
We will return to the subject 
of Templeton after that dale. 

Ok 86 

Piwloua days toW 

Ohm MMn Brad 

Mar 86 


Sep 66 



Mar 86 


Sep 86 

BS = 




Previous < 
109-03 108-21 10G 

109.14 4944 

1 1D-04 0 

110-22 O 
11022 0 

Previous dart *o“* opon (mares 2183 
144 JO 144.70 14400 1*4.60 142 





Argentina austral _ 
AiSuBa doner — 

Bahrain e&nar _ „ 

Braze cruzeiro 

Cyprus pound 

Finland marks 

Greece drachma — . 
Hong Kong dollar - 



Kuwait dinar KD . 

Malaysia deter — 
Mexico peso- 

New Zealand doBar . 
Saudi Arabia riyid _ 
Singapore dotar — 
Sown Africa rand — 









17 JO-1 7^0 











1 JS95-1 J710 


— - 24606-2.4615 



761 00-7 J1 50 


■ 8-770-8-775 





— 1621.5-183000 











West Germany 
Switzerland _ 

rcWlCS - 



SpaiiZ , 

Austria - 



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B*i Offer c*m0 vw 


74-78 FnjDury Pvemant London EG3A 1JO 

Ot-SW 2777 OeaVfi$rOl-63B 0479/9 MonoyGudD 

M oner cmg 

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bo oner Qwq no 

BC OHr cmg no 

90 0*r OH ns 

♦oi 4io 

a -a* its 


Altf Dunbv Came Swnoon SNi I EL 

1P93 610366 6 0193 2B291 

F**l Trust 1839 2065 *0/ 

Snarer Co s 
Smt Smmur Co* 
Rncovafe Tool 
Un Un 6 OxJTy 
Oreo* Ewiungs 


-reno unfel 

Fra Trust 1839 2065 *07 370 

Growth 8 mcoma 1170 1246 *04 388 

CM* 1 Trust 2050 2183 *07 301 

Balanced 3114 3316 *12 36? 

Actum Trust 478 9 5079 *14 321 

American Income 29 3 3t.£* -03 417 

H^jn Income Tat 2121 2259 -04 S 12 

EfeNV mooma 1138 1212 *02 546 

W 1 *** 1225 1308 *01 634 

Gon S«3 Trua £7 7 £8.9 *03 997 

infenuMM 87 7 721# -04 139 

JWmRmO 719 76 S# -1.0 001 

Pam* Trust 1275 13S8# -18 152 

Amer&WSW 827 608 -03 123 

Sees 01 Amur Tst 1928 2051 -19 068 

Afe Auw vafee 190 r 2024 +oa 3aa 
332 345 *03 328 

anmwCO* 1025 1 092# *04 281 

2nd Sm#fer Cos 136 7 >455 *05 275 

Racovafe Tiiai 670 713 *03 282 

Mei Mm & Onoiy 817 87 0 -1 8 258 

Osau Ewmnes 163 » 1T37« »03 341 

Teermgfejjv T h 37 8 935 -oa *53 

Scwwmpl 1*0 1113 -02 838 

Eumdl Stnauar Cd s 1920 2035 . 308 

USA EMfflH Tru*i 3125 3313 -25 107 


EC2A tat 

01-829 9876 01-280 6540/1/2/3 
Cacmi Grown fee 503 S3 7 *05 I 96 

Do Acorn 563 60.1 *07 1 96 

Emwn 6 M 103 6 1107 -05 180 

O06N WmkawM 57 1 610 -02 180 

Fmmce A PlMMRV 52 4 560 ±02 259 

G* A F«m mcoma 43 2 45 a# -HU 959 

00 Accum 714 75 1# *05 9S8 

Hrnft KWIW mem* 62 7 670# *01 609 
DO Actum 1453 155.4* -02 609 

Mwi Y*td Incoma 612 875 H3 1 681 

Do Accum 1614 1726 *04 681 

VW >nc 643 B87 .. 366 

Do ACC 65 6 70 1 . . 268 | 

Oo 5% WrmdnH 823 685 . 286 1 

Mareifd Fimd 53 8 567 

Piaferaree meoma 281 279 1158 ! 

Do Accum 814 870 -0.1 11 58 

Smoaar Co t (noome 109.4 1170 -07 1 78 1 

Do Accum 1180 1S81 +08 1.78; 

worm Pamy snare 87 93 iat 1 

PorecAo To UK 681 6&4 >04 156 

Pontaho Tv 672 086 -19 010 1 

Ponwio T*U« 72 7 75 3 -03 1 07 


Growth G4I 558 584 +02 111 

W Boowry 91 1 972 -02 231 

SmaaiT COl 121.9 1300c -0.1 162 

UK Groom 336 356 220 i 

Extra inc 510 54 .au .12 835 

G« 24 3 25 6# *02 815 

feiC 6 Grorotn 173 4 1850 +03 4.74 

Nat M^I me t70 1 181 4 *02 521 

P-H Snaraa 182 i9-»e *01 1015 

Co-"hjot* 1291 1377 H1 1 279 

A-rv uri Sea 382 *10 *02 248 

Can » Gen 193 208 -1 0 29E 

hit Lnn 150 180 -02 1 14 

Prop Stums Si 2 5*5 -oj 1^ 

UrwEnoray 421 4498 -\3 087 

WorU Tadl 420 45.7 -0 4 0 68 

Amar CnMrtn 952 1015 -13 3.15 

Am# Income 573 61.1 -05 558 

Am# SmuMr Coa 235 25.1 *01 190 

AusT Grown 885 73.4 -13 048 

E#05nafer 12 7 135 . 043 

GUWlMl 282 S 2720c .. 3.12 

N Amman 133* 1420 -05 21O 

Facet 1551 185-1 om 

Property Stare 1965 211.7U -04 185 

SnfeB# Compamas 1787 i860 -08 1S7 

Eurapaan Tru# 1905 2031 +1.4 078 

Aust Growm 
Euro 5no4# 
Par Era 
Hond Kong Rrf 
lea unmet 
Japan Port 
Japan SntMMr 

Exunpt Mart# 


9-17. PerrytiKkOtt 
0444 458144 
BS Ftm Income 
Do Aocum 

Growm Aonon 
Oo mcom a 
Nigh Income 

Monti American 

363 367 -05 121 

239 255# -05 355 

314 335 -05 211 

422 45 0* -05 ..1 

123 131 

683 715 *02 405 , 

84.7 67.7 . . 4 14 

HA Haywards Meath 

516 552# *03 4JE 
865 926# *06 . . 

IE-3 ’35 3 -° 3 z-12 

1577 1668 *02 .. 

1013 1089 +0 1 251 

567 599 *05 TO* 

64 4 692 +01 584 

559 »2 -06 120 

555 97 -05 020 

399 320 331" 

1M2 1432 -22 060 


Fm*nc*f Sacs 
G41 4 R toe 
H>0i R«#n Onu 
High Yield Utt 
Income Unas 


Japan Gnwfl) 
Japan 6008# cat 
MOW Todnotogr 
SE Asm Growth 


S c o uhim 
3 #ki f rw i a o n M 
S#aa# Cos me 
Spao# SAonm 
UK Eouay 

US Grown 
Unarm Grown 

MB 562 

373 42L1# 

803 8S5 
504 SL1 
1503 1C0.T# 
1405 KBS 
544 902# 
752 804 
1053 1120 
003 64-4 
950 ms 
3*4 263 
935 1003# 
9<-1 JS0.6 
1083 1155# 
1425 1533 
1333 1425 
06U 703 
127.1 1359 
785 HO 
1533 164.1# 
705 753 
732 785 

. 310 

-15 t02 
*04 £41 
*03 1158 
+05 5.65 
-Cl 516 
-02 643 
*02 £82 
.. 1S4 

-04 .. 

-05 .. 


+02 3JB3 
-02 4 50 
-03 425 
*02 > 44 
♦03 5l7 
-0.1 234 
-0.1 £57 
.. 055 

*05 201 


u * xton “sp an" 

01-588 2868 

General fee HI 
DO Accum M 
Income Fund |3) 
Do Accum (3j 
W me 12) 

_ Do Accum (21 
Snau# InctS^ 
Oo Accun |5t 

1785 1884 .. 404 

881 7 296 7 44M 

B5.B 901 540 

1474 154.7 +15 540 

1103 1T52 . . £38 

144.8 151 0 . . 236 

8935 9553 . . 258 

843510003 .. 253 


125. Mign He mom. unta WCiV BPv 


CS Japan Fund 

55 1 58 B# -04 037 

Picfeiwxx mepma 26.1 279 1158 

Do Accum 814 070 -0.1 1158 

Smo*ar Co 1 (neame 103.4 g/g .07 ,7 b 
D o Accum 1180 1+61 +08 1.78 

Wood Penny Store 87 93 1 47 

Porno® Tst UK 681 664 >04 156 

Po>Ttaho T# Japan 672 086 -19 010 

Ponfeuo T*t t« 72 7 75 3 -03 1 07 

Ponfoto Tm Eoom 87 5 906 -03 0.10 

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AdWatan 109 20 3 -05 286 

Japan a General 719 789 -0* 022 

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unamaimnai Tiu# 67 7 725 -05 119 

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on your side 
in a tough 


Argyll We can revive Distillers spirits. 

hnanue and industry 


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1 Jan 


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Four out of six for 
Thatcher in her 
imttle with the past 

New team 
at store 


Firm with an edge on its rivals 

_ „ By Derek Hams. _ 

company has named six new Indnstaal Editor 

•w% Ck O T buy,n S and man- Chris McCullough at 36 has 

i M Sa ■ agers - Mr Chris Ash, Mr just pulled back into respect- 8 

W’U w Peter Curtis, Miss Sally able profit a family cutting j 

Holland, _ Mr Ken Lewis. Mr tools business launched by .* 

not achievement in £ re< j Philips and Ms Jane his late father nearly 30 years 1 

By Kenneth Fleet 

There are many ways of With the suggested sale of reviving the Protestant work Eggleston, 
eausing Mrs Thatcher s’ per- British Leyland to General ethic. But above all 1 would Blick Co 
forma nee. I would judge her Motors and Ford, the give her time. Chris Cs 

bv progress in six areas that Government's attitude to The question for us is appointed 

Eggleston. ago. Recession had taken its 

Blick Communications: Mr a °d skill shortages had 

Chris Cankett has been a problem, 

appointed managing director Now l “iS product ion -onen- 

bv progress in six areas that Government's attitude to The question for us is appointed managing director Now this production-onen- 

are fundamental to the re- manufacturing industry is whether after a bare six or 0 f the manufacturers of managing director, who 

naissance of Britain, while again under a fierce spotlight, eight years of Mrs Thatcher Datacall .Alphanumeric radio confesses to being a lighi- 

alwavs beanne in mind that The fate of manufacturing and her commitment to a paging systems. weight on skills like finance 

no Government can possibiv has a powerful bearing on market economy, the more Po | VTnar t- Mr Peter nvarti 5 t,n S’ is geuiog off 

reform in six or eight years Mrs Thatcher s chances of a conservative British elector- director of ground a separate venture 

the reactionary institutions third term. . ate will also want to put the p!5f„,^ an ^Jg n d ft ^5n 0 hi « which he believes has a world 

and outmoded attitudes that clock back. With the appall- fofned the bSrd%f the le f d ,n pu " ,Dg a 

flourished as recently as priorities which would permit mg experience of the 1970s SLmc® mnanvK olvmark ; anything made out of 

1070 The six areas are: inevitably limited resources still vivid in most memories, j ” 1 *!!" - metal. It invokes impregnai- 

10 be concentrated more in can the answer seriously be c ' ing the surface of steel and 

1 The value of money areas and on people in "ves" or even “maybe"? Coll ins- Wilde: Mr Terry cast-iron with carbide which 

A free society and high rates need. The Depart- The Government majority Brand has joined the board. j s the long-life material 

of inflation cannot exist mcm 0 f Health and Social in the House is huge but not Advisory Service. . whose best-known applica- 

tcgeiher. Mrs Thatcher made Security under Mr Norman indestructible, particularly if First Environetics: Mr > s tungsten carbide 
lower, low. indeed ml inna- Fowler has got over the the electorate has accepted a Mark Fear is to be marketing *ip* of masonry drills, 

tion her central target. Five- message that choices have to three-party system and is director. He will also be Mr McCullough's break- 

plus per cent is no: complete ^ made and has indicated ready to indulge in strategic marketing director of the through has been in produc- 

success but she has not given what they might be. It is not voting. No party leader in subsidiary. First Architecture. m B a machine with a high- 

up the struggle. a popular message but it is a this century has won three Jenson Heavy Metals: Mr precision specification which 

-> Thf rHeoiiitP aurhoritv beginning. general elections in a row. Brian Nathan has been ap- customers can incorporate 

or autoSSfc reads unions * Education In m >' own view. Mrs pointed to the board. He will ml ° ^eir own production 

T^mim ch nr»i m Probahlv no one subscribes Thatcher wtll be the first, also be a director of CSW process. Users, of machine 

- v- nnai vuv} 

up the struggle. a popular 

2 The overweening authority beginning, 
of autocratic trade unions 5 Edncatii 

International. mg the surface of steel and 

Coll ins- Wilde: Mr Terry cast-iron with carbide which 1 

or autocratic trade unions 5 Education XI r.i? t0 11 

To manv. though not to Probably no one subscribes X ra £- t !h- ** a ‘ 

timorous and corporatist to the view that education in J?P\|5*j£.5 e ^ ^ Engineering, 

members of the Comedera- this country is properly ll ™ SEES 111 Homequil 

tinted to the board. He will jnI ° weir o*™ production 
50 be a director of CSW process. Users of machine 
tgineering. tools and similar equipment 

report that their equipment's 
Homequity: The company useful life has been extended 

y r il c 1 . ! n 1 1 cr rv ihf- m mned 10 the social and revives the public's confi- company useful life has been extended 

^nni ' dnne economic needs of the civi- dence that not only does she ^ a PP° ,n Kd Mr Drew between five and 20 limes. 

Government has not done economic needs 01 ine civi- nhMviiv -« i-Imh v — a Duncan as director of saJes The life of manv metal 

enough .0 curb illcgi.imaie li*i and reblivdy affluent ^ J and marketing. aoSia. fmm fchTSk S e 

trade union power. But the society we are and hope to tre e society sustained ny , ^ Xl , gooas. iram iwn hooks to jet 

The life of many metal 
goods, from fish hooks to jet 

nitride coating process whose 
in-plam installation cost 
makes it mainly attractive to 
larger companies with big 
factories, according 10 Mr 

He recalled: "Why not. We 
thought, rum out a machine 
for carbide impregnation 
which we could sell and 
which would appeal particu- 
larly 10 the smaller user. It 
t had to be electronic and that 
part of the machine was 
^ developed by a specialist 
company in Lutcm. just down 
the motorway.'’ 

The problem was raising 
sufficient backing to get the 
McCullough machine to the 
stage where selling could 
start. It was to be portable 
and known as Trakker 1. In 
the financial year to August 
1 1983. the company had a 

[ pretax loss of £40,000 but 
I then the Atlas operation 
I began to improve, allowing a 
to reduction in the working 
" overdraft thanks mainlv to 
=; boosted exports. 

4 Two American industnal- 
;>■ ists whom Mr McCullough 
£ had interested in the carbide 
I process pul up £15.000 and 
I took 1 5 per cent of the neu ly- 
| launched Carbide lmpregna- 
I lion company, He met them 
I while seeking business for 

tarons Un havc P b^ei' brought ?Siaih. ^ti^uared sJflfbus- f er ?y and>lenL dignified engine turbine blades, can be Chns McCnUoogh and the Trakker I: higb-precision ^ihs in the United States. 

‘ Ln gyr tee! tree to nde Q _ , anW h^r minict^rc txaumx manager. adHiiinnal u/iih which is still a family Nelson. Lancashire, and bv Mch pahU an m 

h-.ll.'nc hie fwn rprw*n/vtlv teach n“ continues un- nuwucrc is uua mure w »>™n iw iru,vuuuu^ii was — »...>»• ageni in ine 1,3 ior irawcer 

rfnmnncmi.'H Thr* ^nfnrw. checked^ important than in manufac- pointed commercial direaor. faced with trying to build bis aside from the family inter- tor health reasons, the wonts sales. Mr McCullough has an 

mrni lau- in nh.w ^ -r«. • t luring industry. If we are to George Wimpey: Mr R H machine sales piecemeal, pst. He said: It has meant a manager at Nelson died, and order for 50 machines as 

2"! °; h I .H imnMmnS 6 The creanon of wealth have a viable mass produc- Sellier has become group This would have meant lot ot work at nights and a shortage of skilled opera- initial stocking in America. 

h« hJS Tntn.VnL- Mrs , Tha i cher has . jr ade tion motor industry, we need managing director respon- forfeiting the chance of order- weekends. lives grew worse. The order is worth around 

salutary "supply side economics her 10 come 10 terms with sible for the international and ing from suppliers in bulk to Adas got through some Mr McCullough recalled: $250,000 (about £183.0001 

, L ' credo. The channels, gutters Japanese manufacturers pre- engineering division. secure volume discounts. But difficult years after the 1974 “By the end of 1982 we were Other sales have been made 

.v The role of the state in and drams ol industry and pared to set up in Britain. Eastlight Mr T F Bolter he is just back from the ?» crisis, partly by increasing down to 15 people and we j n Canada. Scandinavia 

industry and commerce commerce are being gradually If we want to has been appointed deputy United States where one of ,ls capon effort with its had to dose down Nelson. I France and Italv which has 

The abolition ol controls unblocked. Businessmen sustain, let alone expand, chairman. He will retain his two backers for the new specialized cutting tools. It had no administrative experi- enabled the company to 

over div idends, credit for- have been invited, and exports, attitudes among marketing and sales portfolio, venture has put in orders ^ad become involved with ence. having been involved proceed on 100 machines 

eign exchange and overseas through harsher economic Treasury and other civil Mr D R Llewellyn becomes which. Mr McCullough savs. carthde impregnation - origi- with the factory and technical overall 

investment was a magnificent conditions often forced, to servants and British diplo- managing director and chief have transformed the sinia- nally a Russian discovery — trouble-shooting. I knew little Mr McCullough said: 

beginning. When the present stand on the fast-moving. m ais abroad need to be executive and Mr S D tion. by offering a service to about sales or marketing." -“This has transformed the 

programme is completed, enterprising feet they said brought into line with British Halliday financial and The two McCullough com- customers, many of them At the beginning of 1983. situation, especially on the 

3D0UJ a quarter ojthe stale they had it only government commercial interests. If we commercial direaor. panies are Allas Broach, users of machine tools. Atlas prospects seemed bleak as the costings. We have also made 

corporations will have been would get off their backs. The want a significant elearonics 
privatized. In terms of greater top rate of income tax is now industry, we need a construc- 

. J L . “ K- jnu ucierminea LArpaumcni , n tn act asnt cenl TO uie Ml. i 

persed and choices are not the removal of time-consum- 0 f Trade and Industry If we appo mea an 355151301 <urec- 

dictated by a central bureau- ing restrictions which Lord warn a new dvnamic ihai will Wr ' /n 

cracy. each act ol denaiional- 3 oung of Graflham has nol on | v revive industry but Davidson Pearce: Ms Di- m 

izaiion is an important already half-promised them. fi re ih' e spirit we need 303 Woo ley becomes group t L. > yyM HI 

milestone. But after six years of enlight- infrastructure projects of the company secretary. Mr Peter 

4 The welfare state ened Thatcherism, there are future like EuroRome lunfor- Se Ir ** lias been appointed Medway Enterprise 

Though kicked, abused and disappointingly few signs that mnaiely set aside in favour of “nance director of the mam Aaencv which after m 

milked in painful and ineffi- wmk. as distinct from em- lh e “safe" Channel rail- a &L nc >'- _ . , , years of operations di 

cient ways, this is a sacred Payment, has any more tunnel) and satellite broad- E S«n Zehnder Inter- to have created or sav 

British cow: the totem guar- apneal than it did. The casting systems. national: Mr John J man 2 300 iobs focaitv 

anteeing desirable standards practical virtue ol .creating Progress in privatization is Grumbar has been elected a lonlfi ' f0f ^ B 

Blackwood Hod^e- Mr Pc- which manufactures cutting had bought a dozen British- company fought for business, extra headway on some 

r I Wall ha« hwn nam«l at tools, and the recently made machines which had With companies becoming design changes. Now we have 

director of Blackwood launched Carbide Impregna- » be substantially 10 get the machines out on 

nd^Graun ServiSs lion - both located at Hemel modified to carry out such seemed a possibility for Atlas time — and there's still the 

Barclavs Merchant Rank- Hempstead. Hertfordshire, work efficiently and to a high to exploit the carbide impreg- potential of many other 

r Oiris Newhv ha«: heen on an industrial estate adja- stai, dard. nation technology as a cheap- export markets to tap. includ- 

Doimed an assistant diS?- « nl to the Ml. It is the Wllh * ra de picking up er alternative to a titanium ing Japan." 

Companies urged to help start-ups 

ameang acsiraoie sianoaras *muc 01 crcaung Progress in pnvatizauon is virumua 

of health, social security, wealth by more efficient and a lrcadv enouda to end the P aruier - 

ciol-ndtc inH nnAmnl.vindni i'\nanHino nm.ln/’linn u.-(> cfill J' •• 1 • . - • 

.IV ey nas oeen appointea Medway Enterprise more likely to attract the 

tance director ol the main Agency, which after nearly four new skilled people that bigger 
7 . . . years of operations daims local companies sometimes 

Zehnder Inter- to have w need badly. 

S'hMhLn J than 2.300 jobs locally, is When the agency be- 

ranrirar has been elected a looKing for more sponsors comes partly or wholly self- 

among bigger companies financing, as is planned. 

sickness and unemployment expanding production we still divisions in the political and Schering Holdings: Mr So to hefp Serov has 
benetns. housmg and pen- preter to neglect. managerial minds between Terry Jiunes has become SadcISo the13Si 

sions. Desirable, buiunfonu- On my scale of six. public and private enterprise, chairman and chief exec- 0 f the Chatham Dockyard clo- 

nately not easily affordable therefore. J would give Mrs In such an end we would see utive. Other board appoint- surobveSSraqS^- 

grven the countiy s economic Thatcher high marks in her a new beginning. mems include Sir Jock 

performance and ageing pop- first four tests: no marks for This is a shortened version of Taylor and Mr Mike Wallace Sns^exSosmaii 

ulanon. education (ironically educa- an article that first appeared as financial direaor. The “UMMgwsotig small 

A more sensible approach non was her first depan- in British Credit Trust's company secretary is Mr ^Wna630 h, Vfi 

is to have an order of menu: and marks tor effon Comment magazine. Martyn Hargraves. hariSSSmotoro^S 

Zones beckon the leasing companies 

Some 630 start-ups have 
had assistance through the 
agency, and counselling 
has helped about 390 existing 
companies to expand. To 
stimulate business, trade ex- 
hibitions have been or- 

need badly. 

When the agency be- 
comes partly or wholly self- 
financing. as is planned, 
sponsor companies will still 
have a vital counselling role 
to play, says Mr Thomas. 
Contact Medway Enter- 
prise Agency. Railway Street, 
Chatham. Kent ME4 4RR; 
phone (0634) 400301. 

• Young people in particu- 
lar can benefit from being in- 
troduced to the option of 
self-employment because it ex- 
poses them to a wider 
range of career choices and 


petition, now in its second year 
and funded by British 
Telecom, it is organized 

8 through local chambers of 


Businesses will be 
judged ort turnover and profit 
growth, product or service 
innovation, customer satisfac- 
tion, staff relations and the 
use of modem technologies. 
More than £70,000 in pnzes 
is on offer, with the winner due 
to pick up £10,000 in cash 
and £2.500 worth of British 
Telecom equipment 

“Honestly, I’d love to give Entry forms are at local 
you die contract but I was chambers of commerce or Brit 

‘Honestly, I’d love to give 

By Judith Huntley. Commercial Property Correspondent hibitions have been or- range of career choices and 

Leasing companies which Now Mountleigh. the fast- close to office rents at level with the prospect of Seized and a club launched to equips them with skills for 
are rapidlv running out of tax growing propercv companv Telford. Industrial rents are some real rental growth later encourage trade among lo- use in life generally, according 

shelters in Britain are turning has pm together a deal on l‘2 £2.50 a sq ft The atlraaions of some cal businesses. to a new publication, 

their attention to the fiscal acres of land in the Telford Richard Fliis the enterprise zones are greater Local authorities have al- Guidelines for Youth Enter- 

advantages ol enterprise enterprise zone. Nonhamp- astern, which is advSne lhan olhers - Richard Ellis ready provided some business prise, just out from Busi- 

zones - tonshire. The company will Mountleieh savs that Fehni beeves that North West premises for smaller ness in the Community, the 

Security Pacific and The lead and finance the scheme, arv is the best time to buv Kenl * Dudley, companiesbuttheagency is umbrella body for enter- 

Royal Bank of Scotland are which is being carried out ahead of the fiscal year Wellingborough and some of also negotiating to set up a prise agencies, 

among the first to make their with Central and Urban There are essentially three the Scottish and Welsh zones big workshop development in Theguidelinesarein- 

names known in significant Securities. The four-phase jv pes of investor in this wW be the most attraaive in the Medway towns which tended to help mainly those 

zone transactions - the RBS projea is east of Telford specialized market - the aJdil iion to Telford and will also offer counselling and staffing enterprise agencies 

for financing Cameron Hall's town centre and dose to the large leasing organizations Docklands. help with marketing of as well as other professionals 

£120 million out-of-town M54 large corporate investors such The Isle of Dogs enterprise goods and services. working with young people, 

shopping Meirocentre at Hybrid office 3nd produc- as pension funds and entre- zone in London has already One key sponsor is GEC They have been researched by 

Gateshead, and Security Pa- non space is being preneurial property compa- attracted Security Pacific. Avionics, whose factory is at David Grayson, cofounder 

erhe lor lunding Marptes providcd.The first phase has nies and private individuals. And GT Management, one of Rochester. Lloyds. BP and ofProjectNorthEastahenter- 

internaiionais juuwu sq ft already been la to the Inland Mountleigh’s Telford the City’s biggest investment Barclays Bank together with prise agency based in New- 
olhce development in Revenue lor pure office use scheme, which can indeed be Houses, intends sating up an local authorities are also castle upon Tyne. 

London s uockianas. at rents of £6 a sq ft. a figure described as entrepreneurial, office there. The company among the sponsors. Mr Giyn Mr Grayson said: “In the 

' 1 ■ 1 "■ ■ ■ ■ has been priced at a 6 per recently bought Blackwell Thomas, the agency chair- future more and mors people 

’ — ~ * ' 1 — cenl pretax yield, rising to Grant, a small private com- man, says that sponsorship will be working for them- 

Finanrial fir Invpctmpnt AHvic 14.5 per cent. Interest costs panv set up by Mr Nickolas can pay off because an selves for at least part of their 

d ^ "T . AOVlSOry are being covered at that Medhurst area with rising employment is time in some of their work- 


fired this morning” 

mg lives. If people grow up 
with realization and have 
first-hand experience of being 
enterprising they will be 
better able to overcome the 
problems which will in- 
evitably occur and to grasp 
opportunities as they 
present themselves". 

The guidelines highlight 
main problem areas in en- 
couraging youth enterprise 
and suggest posssible solu- 

One key sponsor is GEC They have been researched by Contact Business in the 

David Grayson, cofounder 

Community, 227A City Road. 

of Project North East ah enter- London EC1 V 1 LX; £5.50, 

London's Docklands. 

pnse agency based in New- 
castle upon Tyne. 

Mr Grayson said: “In the 
future more and mors people 
will be working for them- 
selves for at least part of their 
time in some of their work- 

9 Two monthly advisory sheets sent to aU subscribers. 

• Suggestions of the best Unit Trust “buy of the month." 

• Suggestions on good worldwide stock market shares 

© Personal advisory service for subscribers who want to 
start their own business. 

• Financial solutions suggested for subscribers - regard- 
ing personal business problems. 

Please fill in the form beiow and send it together with 

£25.00 annual subscription fee to: 

Chandrakant Shah. Chandu's Securities. 8 Engiands 

Lane. London N\v'3. Tel: 01-722 7093 




Home Tel No . 
Bus Tel No 

The company has acquired 
from J.Blakeboraugh and Sons, 
a subsidiary of Hopkinsons 
Holdings, its waier and effluent 
screening equipment product 
lines for £89.000 cash. This will 
"significantly enhance" 
Green bank's standing as a 
worldwide supplier of this type 
of cqurpmeitL 

9 CH EM RING: A total of 
about 87 per cent of the rights 
issue of convertible preferred 
ordinary shares havebeen taken 
up. The balance of 1 .094X284 
has been sold in the market at 
a premium and the net 
proceeds will be distributed pro 
rata among the provisional 
! allottees except that any in- 
dividual amounts of less lhan 
£2.00 will be retained for the 
benefit of ihe company. 

The group's Netherlands 
subsidiary. Van Neerbos. has 
acquired Struijk Bouwmarkten. 
an operator of five D!Y 
superstores, for 4.2 million 
florins (£1.12 million) cash. In 
1985. these stores had sales of 
20 million florins and trading 
profits of about 1 million 
florins. This brings the number 
of stores in ihe Van Neerbos 
DIY retailing division to 19 
with 375.500 sq.ft of covered 
floor space. 

• RUO ESTATES: The com- 
pany is paying a final dividend 
of 4p ( 1 2p). making a total of 
7p <l6p). for the year to June 
30. 1985. Turnover fell from 
£5.72 million to £2.97 million. 
Pretax profit slumped to £1.55 
million (against £4.19 million) 
Earnings per share were 65.2p 

Mr Michael Dawson, the chair- 
man. told the annual meeting 
that with four months of the 
current year behind it. the 
company is receiving a record 
level of orders. 

• BPCC: The company has 
acquired from Orbis Publishing 
the assets of its book publish- 
ing division, which has annual 
sales of £8 million, for £2.7 
million cash. The business, 
which specializes in illustrated 
books, will in future trade as 
Orbis Book Publishing 

• THORN EMI: The com- 
pany intends to offer 85p cash 
for each of the 662.193 6 per 
cent preference shares. Thorn 
EMI. although holding all the 
ordinary shares, does not hold 
any of the 6 per cent pref- 

company has acquired through 
Cookson America the 
Wauconda Tool and Engineer- 
ing Co of Algonquin. Chicago 
and also an 80 per cent holding 
in General Metals Finishing of 
Attleboro. Mass., wiih an 
option to purchase the remain- 
der. Wauconda is a designer 
and manufufaciure of complex 
precision meial stampings for 
the automotive and electronic 
industries. GMF speciliaes in 
the plating of metal stampings 
for the automotive electronic 
and jewellery industries. The 
total consideration is not ma- 
terial in relation to the net 

assets of Cookson Group. ; 

Consolidated net income for 
198? S2I.3biI!ion <S2I.45btl- 
hon) or S23.53 ($24.01) per 

including postage. 

• Independent companies 
and partnerships with up to 25 
employees are eligible for 
the 1986 Small Business Ef- 
ficiency Awards com- 

have been agreed for the 
acquisition of Dearden-Davies 
Associates. The maximum 
consideration is £750.000 in 
cash and the issue of 1.53 ! 
million ordinary shares. i 
(Ireland), wholly owned by 
Chevron Corp, announces as 
operator for Irish offshore 
licence 5/82 a discovery of oil 
:n well 50/6-1. The well, which 
has been plugged and aban- 
doned at a lota/ depth of 7750 
ft. is located in the Celtic Sea 
off the South-east coast of 
Ireland at a water depth of 240 

• FALCON MINES: For the 
quarter to Dec. 31. compared 
with the previous quarter, with 
figures in SZambianOOO. total 
mine profit 1.130 (1.771). 
Pretax profit 1.290 f 1.792). 

ish Telecom district offices. 
Completed forms have to be in 
by June 16- Those entenng 
should have been established 
as businesses for at least 
two years. 

• Two former barristers. 
Diane Webber and Suzanne 
Fisch, who have launched 
Legal Briefings as a con- 
sultancy, offer advice on 
employment law to small and 
medium-sized businesses. 

Seminars covering the 
various aspects of individual 
employment law for people 
in business can be set up at a 
client’s own premises so no 
staff time is lost in travelling or 
attending lengthy con- 

Contact Legal Briefings, 96 
Midway, Mill Hill, London NW7 
■ 3JJ. Telephone (01) 959 





ABN .. 



BTCT. __ 

Citibank Savings! 
Coosaiidaied rink 
Continental TraS 
Co-curative Serif 





Itovdi Bank 

Nat Wtaonuiser 



Royal Rank Sfatffaiy) 




Cnhank NA._. 


| t Mortgage Base Rue. | 


U l 

Runous brands* 

! 1 I 


FflmiLV RE5mURftrjT5 




Number 1 

n-t.. .■n*in rtui thr l a .rt> sm.-dantlopjnkw c\pi»-«*d Ifctvin 

at»: Idir and Jmjr3t..\Thr 

■ *-o-pt iw.ponsibirify 

£js> /iSV> 



s- 1 * - 


•■•jJ s 

«r j-.j. 

< :i ■ ■■■■ 

p start-ups 

GUINNESS plc brewing worldwie® turnover 


125 ■ 

Ur 32% 

UP 113% 



: t , • 

\'r ‘ v : ’ . V « ‘ :■ > ’■'i ' 

- '* ■ \ •" \ . 

UP 38% 

UP 89% 


i ) 

»*■ ' ' . 



Guinness, it seems, keeps on going from strength to strength. 

Worldwide turnover continues to rise. 

And so do our sales in the USA, West Germany and the 
rest of Europe. 

We are confident we can put Distillers’ fortunes on the 
same track. 

In feet, if we can increase sales of their Scotch whisky by just 

2%, we can start to take the mothballs off the 20 closed distilleries. 

It will be just the job for Scotland, ttxtxtccc ryTT^ 

And it will work for Britain, too. kjUU\JN-DOO 1 LL 

Guinness and Distillers. A stroke of genius. 

miblishedb? Grenfell & Co Uinfrcd and The British Linen Bank Lnnired on behalf of Guinness PLC,The Director of Guinness PLC arc the persons responsible for the mfomiauon contained in this advemscmenLTo the best of thrirlcnouled$*and belief (having taken all reasonable care to ensure 

This aJv the infisiiMtibn contained In this advertisement is m accordance with the fectx-Tbe Directors of Guinness PLC accept responsibility accordingly. SOURCE: Guinness Accounts. Guinness import Corp. Guinness Market Variance Statements. Guinness Actual Market Variance Statements.^g’s-i'i ?g-fBg-.S9-s.5 S raa ira,gv 


1 1 



























































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-THE TiMfcS fKiDAY rEdki JAM V 7 1986 



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£4 ? 000 

Claims required for 
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Claimants should ring 0254-S3272 

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102 4 0 113 

216 1.0 .. 
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349 199 Laniq ui 

JM 196 *Oo A 

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330 196 Loven (YJJ 

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107 W May 1 Hassell 

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100 68 
573 250 
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530 407' 
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780 417 
608 270 
198 159 
254 <46 
325 225 
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177 134 
190 120 
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239 179 
338 108 
194 12fi 
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410 258 
280 164 
278 185 
238 182 
435 270 
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Hoaengtorre 87 

Broun (Matthew, 380 
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Buhoowom Sraw 415 
Can. iMaanawi 460 

Deiansn (J A) 7ns 

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SS5E or Property for sale in 
The Sunday Times Classified. 
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the space below. I Longer 
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(approximately 4 words, 
minimum 3 lines). 

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Th^ c N6 J°5rAG E. Send to 
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W<* , l'iBR ePOS,U,ndon 






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February 7, 1986 

®y Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 



Bold idea 
# that kept 
its promise 

As the first of the new 
universities in the 1960s, 
Sussex quickly developed a 
reputation for innovation 
and glamour. It attracted 
brains and smartness, as well 
as the daughters of femous 
politicians, and it set out, as 
Asa (now Lord) Briggs, the. 
historian and second vice- 
chancellor, put it, to “review 
the map of learning" 

Whether it quite did that is 
debatable, but 25 years ago it 
hoped to effect a revolution 
in the relations between 
academic subjects. The the- 
ory was that knowledge 
cannot be divided into neat 
subject compartments. 
Schools of study were estab- 
lished rather than depart- 
ments, and students studied a 
subject in depth but in 
different contexts. 

Much of that theory re- 
mains, particularly in the arts 
and social sciences, and 
students still enrol for 
predominantly multi-disci- 
plinary courses. 

Peter Wilby, a Sussex 
alumni and education 
correspondent of The Sunday 
Times, says: “No university 
in history ever launched itself 
upon the world so boldly, so 
brashly, so self-confidently as 
Sussex. It was higher 
education's contribution to 
England's little Renaissance 
of the 1960s, a token that 
academics could swing along 
with the Beaties and Mary 

Has Sussex lived up to its 
early promise? The answer is 
a qualified yes. The univer- 
sity is no longer particularly 
fashionable, and colour 
magazines no longer run 
articles about students 
wandering around Brighton’s 
whelk stalls reading Kafka 
and talking about existen- 

Indeed, in the present 
dimale of opinion ^.wfcicft 
emphasizes the importance of 
instrumentalism in education 
and cuts in the arts, the 
university tends to stress its 
strength in science, particu- 
larly in research where its 
record is outstanding. 

Sir Denys Wilkinson, the 
vice-chancellor, who retires 
at the end of the year, says: 

“Whenever vou set up a 
university you hope it will be 
respectable in research, but 
this place has been stagger- 
ingly successful." 

It has 4,500 students and 
1,700 staff; and is consis- 
tently among the top three or 
four universities to attract 
research funds. In the blest 
listing of Science and En- 
gineering Research Council 
funding, it was, in terms of 
absolute cash, third only to 
Oxford and Cambridge, even 
though, as Sir Denys ex- 
plains, Sussex is classed as 
“small and arts-based”. The 
university received more of 
this SERC money than the 
bottom 12 universities com- 

It has had 17 Fellows of. 
the Royal Society, six times 
the national average of FRSs 
- half of all universities have 
no FRS. It had had more 
fellows of the British Acad- 
emy than all the other new 
universities put together, and 
two Nobel prize winners. 

The reason for this emi- 
nence must be that Sussex 
was able to attract first-class 
talent when it was founded in 
October, 1961. 

Able to attract 
first class talent 

The university attracted 
such luminaries as Lord 
Briggs, Lord Fulton, the first 
vice-chancellor and advocate 
of Civil Service reform, and 
David Daiches, who came 
from Cambridge and was 
dean of the school of English 
studies. They were given 
carte blanche to create the 
liberal arts college of their 

Numerically Sussex is still 
more orientated towards arts 
than science, with' arts stu- 
dents outnumbering scientists 
by about two to oneT Bulls if ' 
Denys, a distinguished no- 
dear physicist appointed in 
1976 m succession to Lord 
Briggs, says the university 
has for many years had a 
policy of strengthening sci- 

. “We don’t want to run 
down the arts until we can. 



Tough challenge over 
huge funding cuts 

; “ ‘ : ; V- * ' ' 1 

Academic arbiters:. Lord Briggs, standing, and Sir Denys Wilkinson 

bring in appropriately quali- 
fied science students,” he 

Sir Denys justified the shift 
in the sciences away from the 
original Sussex model of 
schools of study with subjects 
being taught in other contexts 
as appropriate. Though they 
are still within schools of 
study, the sciences operate 
like traditional university 

An exception, according to 
Dr Geoffrey Lockwood. 
Sussex’s registrar who has 
been with the university since 
its beginning, is the school of 
biological sciences, which is 
not divided into separate 
departments such as zoology, 
botany, but integrates the 
study of living organisms and 
evolution. Another exception 
is engineering. 

Dr Lockwood denies the 
Sussex principle has been 
eroded. Hie original concept 
of schools of study and 
"contextuals” was dynamic, 
so one would expect it to 
have changed. 

He says: “The economic 
and social situations have 
changed quite a lot so the 
■university was bound to 

change its teaching and 
research in line with the 
demands of students, ap- 
plicants and society at large 
and taking into account the 
money you have available. 

“When one looks at the 
differences between this 
university and the rest, the 
remarkable thing in many 
ways has been that so little 
has occurred. We still have 
schools of studies based on 
contextuals and 

interdisciplinarity. We still 
have small-group teaching, 
our research still largely 
springs from a mixing of 
different disciplines together. 
Though applications dropped 
sharply in the 1970s, from 
13,632 in 1968 to 8,114 in 
1975, they are climbing 
again. The tutorial system is 
modelled on Oxbridge, which 
means that students are 
taught in small groups. Sus- 
sex avoids the mass of finals 
examinations and has, in- 1 
stead, instituted a varied 
examining system, based on 
extended essays and disserta- 
tions. Another attraction is 
its beautiful campus set in 
the downs with buildings in 
■good condition and designed j 

to a human scale. The 
buildings are, however, di- 
vided sharply into arts and 
science, with the former 
benefitting from more grace- 
ful architecture and scenery. 

The university has a good 
library and laboratories, but 
students complain the cam- 
pus is too quiet aL weekends. 
The student union says it 
contains “too many trendies 
from London suburbs” but 
also the “most beautiful 
female students in the UK”. 
It adds that Sussex is an 
exciting place for a student 
but that it can be hard on 
those who are not socially 

Mr Wilby say’s Sussex was 
like this when he was there in 
the eariy 1960s. He adds: “I 
am surprised that over 20 
years the ethos of the place 
has changed so little.” 

When Sir Denys Wilkinson 
retires this year as the 
university's vice-chancellor, 
he will have been 10 years in 
the top job. He arrived in 
Sussex in 1976 when chill 
winds were beginning to blow 
through the academic clois- 
ters. He was chosen presum- 
ably because he was a 
distinguished scientist and 
would help to switch Sussex 
in the direction of science. 

Lord Briggs, the historian, 
bad also spent 10 years as 
vice-chancellor. When he left, 
be said: “The intellectual 
excitement of the early days 
can still be recaptured, but 
only rarely. In I960 there was 
hope, now there is fear." 

The big change came with 
the new Conservative govern- 
ment in 1979, as h did for all 
universities, specifically with 
the decision to charge so- 
called full cost fees for 
overseas students. This 
meant Sussex's funding was 
reduced by 16 per cent in 
direct relation to its percent- 
age of overseas students. 

But the Government as- 
sured the universities then 
that they would receive level 
funding.' that is that the real 
value of their funding would 
be maintain ed. It was not 
and it is not. 

In 1981 came the famous 
university cuts whereby the 
University Grams Commit- 
tee decided how much less 
each university would get in 
future. Sussex's cut was about 

The university .was faced 
with an effective reduction in 
income in real terms of 21.5 
per cent between 1980-81 and 
1983-84. Again the university 
system was promised level 
funding once these cuts had 
been made. 

Sussex planned its aca- 
demic profile carefully in late 
1981 and eariy 1982, match- 
ing its activities to the 
number of staff needed. By 
the end of September 1982 it 
had lost 30 of the 65 jobs 
needed by means of vol- 
untary redundancy. 

“At the moment we have 
not yet reduced our academic 
iaculty numbers to the 

amount we would have Liked 
in order to break even, and 
the reason is that we thought 
we would be on level 
funding” Sir Denys said. 

The university system is 
now faced with a cut of about 
2 per cent a year. Some 
universities will be cut more 
than thaL some less, depend- 
ing on how they are assessed 
in the “select! vi ty" exercise 
being undertaken by the 
UGC. Under this, univer- 
sities that are strong in 
research will be awarded 
more money, and those 
which are weak less. 

Sussex is expected to do 
well out of this because of its 
strength in research. “We 
know we shall do quite well, 
because part of the UGGs 
research funding formula will 
be to give universities 40 per 
cent of what they get from 
the research councils.” Sir 
Denys said. 

Mode of teaching 
may have to change 

Moreover. Sir Peter Swin- 
nerton-Dyer. chairman of the 
UGC. has said that univer- 
sities which are favoured in 
this exercise may be on level 
binding by the end of the 
decade. Sussex must be 
hoping it is in this category, 
though level funding for 
some will, of course, mean 
less for others. 

Sir Denys said the poten- 
tial at Sussex is great, and 
that only with level funding 
can it be realized, both in 
terms of teaching research. 
Teaching consumes 70 per 
cent of the university's re- 
sources. Sussex has always 
put great emphasis on the 
Oxbridge model of small 
group teaching, but this is 
being eroded slowly. 

Where once the 
staff/student ratio was 10 to 
one, it is now 12 to one, and 
moving in the direction of 13 
or 14 to one. “If that number 
increases, a fortiori students 
cannot get the degree of 
individual attention they 
used to get We may have to 
move away from small group 

Leaching.” Sir Denys said. 

The siaffrsiudent ratio 
could worsen enough for the 
university to have io rethink 
its method of teaching. ThaL 
Sir Denys said, could mean 
moving over to lectures as 
the sole method of teaching. 
“We have to recognize that 
beyond a certain point the 
mode of leaching may have 
to change. That is something 
that universities have not yet 
had to grapple with.” 

One aspect of its affairs 
that Sussex does no: have to 
worry too much about is its 
own ' internal organization. 
The way in which univer- 
sities manage themselves was 
criticized strongly in the 
Jarrell committee report ear- 
lier this year. but. according 
to Dr Geoffrey Lockwood. 
Sussex's registrar and sec- 
retary. who sat on the Jarreii 
committee, the university 
was already halfway along the 
road of implementing re- 
forms in management. 

Since the report was pub- 
lished. Sussex has moved 
about three-quarters of the 
way 3long the Jarren road. It 
has always possessed some of 
the characteristics recom- 
mended by Jarretu notably a 
planning "committee which 
combined buildings, finance, 
social and academic affairs, 
and linked senate and the 

In its estates management 
it does everything recom- 
mended by Jarreii and in 
financial management it has 
almost achieved the Jarrett 
ideal. It had always had 
budgetary devolution so that 
each adademic unit controls 
its own budgeL 

Politically, as was the case 
in all the universities, there 
was a hostile reaction to the 
Jarrett report People who 
regard themselves as pro- 
fessionals do not like being 
told what to do by indus- 
trialists when industry is seen 
to be failing. 

“All university members 
had that feeling.” Dr 
Lockwood said. “But in 
terms of the practicalities, the 
report was dealt with 




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(( FOCI JS )) 

The institute with a heart 

The Science Policy Research Unit is 
held in high esteem by the Govern- 
ment ana other organizations in 
Britain, and throughout the world. 
Established in 1966 as the brainchild 
of Asa Briggs, its aim is to undertake 
research that will help to advance 
public knowledge about the relation 
between scientific and technological 
development and economic, social and 
political processes, and the implica- 
tions for public policy. 

It is a research unit for science and 
technology policy. Its director is 
Professor Geoffrey Oldham and it is 
renowned for its work on the 
development of fifth-generation 
computers. It is monitoring the 
progress of the Alvey programme. 

The unit's work is focussed mainly 
on solving problems. Natural and 
social scientistswork together on most 
projects. The unit has three main 
themes: it tries to understand the 
nature of scientific discovery and 
technological development, and how to 
secure innovation; the problems of 
efficient management and the 
evaluation of research and develop- 
ment and innovation; and the eco- 
nomic environment and the social 
consequences of technical change and 
its implications for policy. 

Though the unit's primary objective 
is to carry out research, it also has an 
obligation to teach students. In 1983 it 
became responsible for organizing and 
teachin g its own postgraduate pro- 
gramme — a master's degree in science, 
technology and industrialization. ‘ 

It takes other research students - 
specifically 40 full-time students doing 

MSCs and D Phils — and does some 
undergraduate teaching in a variety of 
schools of study. But, like the Institute 
for Development Studies, it does not 
run its own undergraduate degree: 

One of its main activities springs 
from its designation as a research 
centre funded by the Economic and 
Social Research Council to look ai 
science, technology and energy policy 
in British economic development 

The unit has done a major piece of 
work for the Cabinet Office under Ben 
Martin and John Irvine on how one 
can predict in some areas of science 
what developments are likely to be 
more successful than others. 

Ian Miles is researching the impact 
of technical change on the division of 

Awarded funds of more than 
£1 million in eight years 

labour and on work and leisure and 
Julian Robinson is working on 
militanr technology and arms limita- 
tion. There are about 10 acres of 
research at the unit seven people are 
engaged on the anns-control work. 
Their aim is to doscover what causes 
states to arm themselves as they da 
The armscontrol academics have 
received their money from the Ford 
and McCarthy foundations and the 
Quaker trusts in Britain. The unit also 
operates its own Armament and 
Disarmament Information Unit to 
provide information on almost any 
aspect of defence control or weapons. 

Another important research outfit at 
the university which, like the Institute 

for Development Studies, is entirely 
independent, is the Institute of 
Manpower Studies, since 1970 
conducting research and advisory work 
on manpower and labour market 

With a staff of SO and a turnover of 
£1.2 million, the institute works for 
iheGovernment, the research councils, 
other agencies and industry. Its 
chairman is Sir Peter Walters, chair- 
man of BP. 

Much of its research is into graduate 
employment, particularly in informa- 
tion technology, and the unit is looking 
at the problem of levels of graduate 
mobility. U is examining the availabil- 
ity of graduates and whether there will 
be enough of them for different kinds 
of future jobs. 

Another area of the Institute of 
Manpower Studies' work is helping 
individual employees to look at the. 
careers of their staff, known in the 
jargon as “staff development” It is 
helping firms to examine how an 
individual's career can progress with- 
out a new job having to be created. 

Firms have the problem of how to 
bring new generations through the 
company with fewer promotion pros- 
pects than previously. 

The institute helps individual 
employers who want to relocate offices 
and it has been working recently on 
the shortage of nurses. There are a lot 
'of nurses working in the community 
but some areas find it difficult to 
recruit them. 

The unit has looked at the extent to 
which temporary work is a growing 

In the science park: Asm Seilti, a research arm of Toyota, specializes in energy conservation 


Architects, Engineers and 
Interior Designers 
for the Academic Buildings 


on the occasion of their 
25th Anniversary 

THepkme 0727 23633 


Trim 239169 

© Tallis Consultancy 

TALLIS, British Telecom’s indepen- 
dent Communications Consultancy, 
congratulates the University of Sussex on 
their Silver Jubilee. We are pleased to 
have been able to assist the University in 
all aspects of the design, selection anri 
installation of their new digital telephone 

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The university's success in 
research is based to a large 
extent on its dose collabora- 
tion with big companies, 
foreign and domestic. Its 
nascent science park offers 
help with research and 
development to all companies, 
whatever their size, and 
especially to industrial firms 

Sussex has also compiled a 
Services for Industry pro- 
gramme that includes .con- 
sultancy services, access to 
test equipment and workshop 
and computing fariliriga, and 
staff training. 

The university is also going 
into business. It has framed a 
company called Cognition 
with the aim of commercializ- 
ing the university's software 
ideas. Its function is to 
produce software products for 
the marketplace from 
developments by Sussex 

Poplog, the new computer 
software system, is one exam- 
ple. By adding graphics to it, 
says John Golds, of Services 

In the business 
of research 

to Industry, it could be used 

in a financial environment, 
such as banks and finance 

The science park has one 
completed building occupied 
by Aisio Seiki. a research 
arm of the Toyota group 
which specializes in energy 

The university is concerned 
that such companies should' 
be part of the academic 
community and does not want 
to set op a speculative science 
park where there is no 
guarantee of collaboration. 

So right next door to the 
Aisin Seiki building is the 
thermo-fluid mechanics re- 
search centre, that con- 
centrates on research in beat 
transfer and fluid mechanics 
and, in particular, with the 

’■ cooling of gas tnrbioe . en- 

. Most of this research is 
sponsored by the Science and 
Engi aeering Research Coun- 
cil , Rolls-Royce and GEC- 
Ruston Gas Turbines. The 
-Sassex researchers hope to 
combine with tire Japanese to 
develop a small self-contained 
turbine unit for cunbhied 
and power applications. 

This is potentially an 
important development. Until 
now combined heat and power 
applications have bees done 
on a large scale, bat smaller 
rails would . be extremely, 
useful for, say hospitals, 
because such seff-ceutamed 
systems use only SO per c&xt 
of the fuel needed in con- 
ventional systems. 

Most of tire work in tire 
centre is concerned with tire 

cooling of advanced gas 
turbine engines, such as die 
; RB2JI engines of SoB*. 
Roy ce. The tan is to make 
engines mere efficient and to 
keep feel costs down. Two 
Sussex engineers. Professor 
Fred Baylor and Dr Mike 
Owen, were awarded first 
prize last year by tire British f 
Technology Group 8 b ; the ■■ i 
Academic Enterprise com- 
petition for their work in this 

A second company, 
Enrotiterm International, & 
building a second building for 
itself in the science park in 
order to base tire whole of its 
research tine. 

The unvmity benefits 
from tins kind of develop- 
ment, says Mr Golds, fit 
various ways. 

Sussex has so for worked 
with more than 100 compa- 
nies. Dow Corning, for exam- 
pi e. the multinational 
chemical ceramics company, 
collaborated with the 
university's chemists on a 
new form of glass. 

High climbers on the technology tree 

Sussex is proud of its 
reputation in information 
technology and, in particular, 
in artificial intelligence where 
it is ranked among the top 
three or four universities in 
Britain. It has established an 
Institute of Cognitive and 
Information Services and has 
a chair of computing science. 

Computing is particularly 
diversified at Sussex and the 
computing centre enables aQ 
schools of study to use 

Staff at tbe centre have 
developed a microchip that 
can be plugged into a BBC 
micro, thereby enabling it to 
be used as a terminal to the 
mainframe computing centre. 
This exciting development 
which has been bought by a 

Systems + 




At Systems Designees we have made it our business to maintain 
strong links with key universities for some time 

links that include an external research programme, a large 
Alvey software engineering project to develop advanced 
software development tods, funding of PhD students on special 
projects and participation in joint ventures with universities. 

Systems Designers has long enjoyed a fruitful association 
with Sussex University - a university with an established inter- 
national reputation in its Silver Jubilee year, for the quality and 
range of its research work. 

Sussex also provides a vital focus for industrial collaboration 
in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AO - an area which will play a 
significant role in future industrial and commercial systems. 

An outstanding example of its work is POPLOG a versatile, 
efficient and easy to use development system which meets 
the needs of AI workers and is marketed under licence by 
Systems Designers. 

Links like these help keep Systems Designers at the leading 
edge of systems research and development and maintain our 
position as one of the world's leading international computer 
consultancies and systems houses. 

UK • Belgium • Germany • Italy • Netherlands • Sweden • USA 


Centrum House, 101/103 Fleet Road, Fleet Hants, GU13 8PD 
Telephone: 02514 22161. Telex: 859921 

£ — c 

The University 
of Sussex 

Conference, Exhibition 
and Meeting Facilities 

If you organise training courses or 
conferences the University of Sussex offers: 

A beautiful and compact campus in a fold 
of the Sussex Downs, with easy access by 
road and rail to Brighton, Gatwick Airport 
and London. 

0 Excellent residential accommodation for 
850, with wash basins in each room. 

0 A large variety of lecture theatres and 
seminar rooms, with a comprehensive 
audio visual service. 

i Exhibition facilities. 

i Ample car parking and use of excellent 
sports facilities. 

> AM year round meetings facilities for both ' 
residential and rvon-residential conferences, 
including the White House Country 
Conference Centre in the Ashdown Forest. 

A wealth of historic, cultural and recreational 
activities in Brighton and the surrounding area. 

For further information please 
contact Charles Dudley, Thea Ford 
or Christine Robinson in the 
Conference Office, University of 
Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QU 
Telephone (0273) 678678 

This space has been generously donated 
by Sun Microsystems UK Ltd 

- £ 

number of education and 
industrial organizations. Mar- 
keted by Acorn -Soft, it is 
called the Sussex Termnlator 
and brings in valuable earn- 
ings for the centre. The 
brains behind it are Ken 
Blanchard, Brian Wflbams 
and Simon Barnes, who work 
at the centre. • 

The main centres of 
comparing activity in the 
university are in the cog- 
nitive studies programme, a 
mixture of artificial intelli- 
gence, psychology and 
linguistics, »nd in the school 
of engineering and applied 
science. The school of bio- 
logical science is also active; 
but to a lesser extern. 

Engineers are inevitably 
en gaged in comparing, but at 
Sussex they are involved in 
designing what are called 
large-scale integration drips. 
Dr Fred Halshall and Profes- 
sor Dick' Grimsdaie are 
working on distributed sys- 
tems, designing computing 
systems so that big problems 
can be shared by several 

Both men are associated 
with research into broad- 
band networks: sending 
information between comput- 
ers by a braadostmg system. 
Professors Grimsdaie works 
on image processing and 
image generation. The aim of 
the latter is to produce much 
more realistic visual displays 
for flight simflaiors. 

The university has consid- 
erable support under tbe 
Alvey programme for its 
work in computers and tire 
number of grants it has been 

awarded places it fourth 
among all universities and 
colleges. Dr Jim Hunter, 
supported by Alvey money, is 
designing . expert medicaL 
diagnonis systems. This in- 
volves waring programs 
based on artifidal-intelligence 
techniques to diagnose car- 
diac ailments. 

things has become the stock 
in trade of artificial intelli- 
gence. An example of this at 
Sussex is tbe computer- 
software system, Poplog, very 
Special in that it offers users 
three different powerful Jan- 


Work on artificial intefli- 
gence began with people 
trying to gain a better 
understanding of human 
capacities by seeing whether 
they could write programs 
that would stimulate these 

At Sussex, Professor 
Maggie Bowden has written a 
lot about tbe inter-action 
between artificial intelligence 

Computer language 
ever more complex 

and psychology and philos- 
ophy, and what one ean learn 
about each of these from the 
discoveries of others. 

In one of her books, 
Artificial Intelligence and Hu- 
man Mature, she argues that 
the evidence of artificial 
intelligence reinforces what 
we already know about the 
uniqueness of humans. The 
human mind is so comptet 
that one cannot reproduce its 

In the halting attempt to 
do so, researchers have devel- 
oped powerful prog ramming 
techniques and software tools 
so that simply getting ma- 
chines to do complicated 

mere, . 

and academic director of 
computing centre, described 
it as a flexible system which 
can be used to teach first-year 

h umanities Students. 

The collaborative work . 
with linguistics involves f 
studying language. The aim is 
to try to define formal 
grammars, sets of rules which 
can be held to underfy 
everyday language. 

It is only two decades since 
psychologists thought they 
would be able to account for 
language in the same way as 
we account for other skills. 
They believed language 
would be amenable to some 
kind of explanation. 

But language is learnt bit 
by biL It is a generative 
process and linguists have 
developed what are known as 
generative grammars and sets 
of roles. Computer language 
has become more com- 
plicated and software en- 
gineers rely on linguists to^ 
help them to refine and*' 
define computer languages. 

Sussex has tbe wood leader 
in this field. Professor Gerald 
Gazadar, who has formulated 
“phrase st ru c ture grammars”. 
These are more general and 
are -accepted in place of 
tran s fo rmati onal grammar 
propounded by Chomsky. 





AISIN - Building on the Past, 

Reaching for the Future 

AISIN - Advancing into the 21st Century 
with Quality and Technology 

The Aisin Seiki Company Ltd., a member of the Toyota 
group, is a principal international supplier of automotive 
components, home appliances and industrial machinery.' 

The Aisin Laboratory at the University of Sussex is the 
first research laboratory to be built by a Japanese 
company on a university campus in 8ritain. 



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A study 
in the 
art of 


Arts and social studies are 
one of the most exciting areas 
at Sussex with the work 
organized into five schools of 
study which are taught in a 
contextual framework. As 
Professor Margaret 
McGowan, pro> vice-chan- 
cellor (arts and social stud- 
ies), explains, the idea is that 
a student ‘‘majors’’ in, say, 
economics or history and 
studies it in depth ’ but in 
different contexts. 

This means that history 
can be studied in either the 
school of European studies, 
the school of African and 
Asian studies, in English and 
American studies, m a y ial 
sciences or in the school of 
cultural and community 
studies. The aim is that .one 
subject w31 inform another 
and connections made that 
would be less likely in a 
conventional university arts 

Economics studied in the 
school of European studies 
would, for example, be the 
same discipline as in a 
conventional course but 
would be examined in the 
context of a European social, 
political and cultural back- 

That makes the subject 
very different, not least 
because students spend a year 
on the continent studying 
economics in French wain 
French compatriots. Econom- 
ics is a different subject in 

This approach to study' 
has, however, been criticized 
by more conventional 
academics, and others who 
have experienced the Sussex 
model. Peter Wilby, the 
Sunday Times's education 
correspondent, studied his- 

Intellectual history is 
one specialism 

tory at the university in its 
heyday in the early 1960s. He 
said a bare majority, of his 
study was on history and that 
the rest of his time was spent 
studying literature, sociology 
and philosophy. 

“I covered the 17th and 
19th centimes hot Tfiever 
found out what happened in 
the 18th century,” he said. 

During the past 25 years 
there have been changes in 
the course work to accom- 
modate this kind of com- 
plaint. Some courses have, 
however, survived from the 
beginning. One, “The Mod- 
ern European Mind”, was 
strongly criticized on tire 
grounds that it was brought 
over in a suitcase from tire 

It is popular with both 
academics and students. 
Some of the lecture series for 
the course have finished up 
as books. Examples are’ 
Humanirv and' Warfare* by 
Geoffrey Best and Tolstoy’s 
View of Art by Terry Difley. 

Professor McGowan ex- 
plained that the arts and 
social sciences have tried to 

A centre searching for a better world 

The Institute of Development 
Studies, based at Sussex 
University, is Britain's first 
national centre for the study 
of Third World problems and 
was set up five years after the 
university was established 

It investigates problems 
faced by the Third World 
such as rural development 
(irrigation, crop storage, 
seasonality). North-South 
relations (the Brandi report 
commodity trade and 
transnationals) and gender 
relations, education and 

The institute has suffered 
considerably from the new 
politics) ciimale in the coun- 
try. Its grant from the 
Overseas Development 
Administration of the For- 
eign Office was cut by the ' 
Government in 1979. and in . 
future the money would- 

provide for only 12 research 
follows and a director, it was 
told, instead of the previous 
25 follows and a director. The 
ODA funding, currently at £1 
million, would have been £2 
million but for the cut. 

The institute reacted by 
attracting funds from other 
sources and saved all 25 
posts. Another £1 million 
comes from work for 
organizations like the World 
Bank, the food and agri- 
culture organization. Unesco. 
as well as from Sweden and 

Each member of staff must 
raise one-half of his or her 
salary on a complicated work 
points system. 

Mike Farmer, the lDSTs 
director, explains that there is 
a good deal of interaction 
with the university. Although 
the staff do not teach - 

undergraduates, they super- 
vise 70 PhD students and 
teach two intakes a year of 50 
MPhil students. The institute 
also operates a pattern of 
three 1 4- week courses a year 
for between 20 and 26 people 
a time. It also runs an annual- 
seminar on food aid. 

These short courses attract 
people from the Third World 
- administrators, researchers, 
teachers and other develop- 
ment workers who want to 
develop new skills, to update 
their knowledge and to ex- 
change views with people 
from other countries. 

John Oxenham, one of the 
research fellows, explains that 
the JDS's research has three 
focuses: the role of the state 
in aiding or obstructing 
development; the part played 
by the various state sectors - 
rural development, public 

administration, health, 
education, and siaius and 
role of women; and finally, 
internal order. 

Under the last heading are 
raised such issues as how the 
policies of rich, industrialized 
countries affect development 
and the fight to eradicate 
poverty. How. for example, 
do countries differ in how 
they are hit by international 
movements? How are 
developing countries affected 
by the policies of the Inter- 
national Monetary Fund? Are 
they adjusting at the expense 
of the poor? 

The institute is aware that 
in Zambia, for example, 
infont mortality rates are 
beginning to rise again. “This 
is a frightful step backwards", 
said Mr Oxenham. 

The institute has a thread 
in disarmament and develop- 

ment through the work - of 
Robin Luckham who has 
researched Third World mili- 
tary institutions. 

The IDS has been doing 
some interesting work on the 
“diploma disease”, the no- 
tion that the relentless pur- 
suit of paper qualifications is 
an end in itself and does not 
always lead to productive 
employment. The aigument 
has important implications 
for developing countries be- 
cause if schools are not 
producing young people with 
marketable skills develop- 
ment is held back. 

Malcolm Scgali and 
Emmanuel dc Kadi are 
researching into the develop- 
ment of the idea of primary 
health care, mainlv in Africa 
helping Third World coun- 
tries formulate new ap- 
proaches to public health. 

The chemical and biological aspects 
of health are of primary concern to 
Sussex’s school of biological sciences 
which ranks in the top four schools 
in Britain, with Edinburgh, Dundee 
and Oxford. 

Biological sciences has attracted 
about £1.2 million for its work from 
the research coaorib, the Overseas 
Development Administration, tire 
World Health Organization and the 
Wellcome Foondafioo. Wellcome 
has given the nahrersity a lectureship 
in ModKmistnr and the British 
Diabetic Association has donated a 
lectureship. And under the 
Govenuneat’s new blood scheme, the 
school has been given four new 

Cash for helping health 

Prof Margaret McGowan and 
school structure than in 
combine a prominent figure 
or activity with the intellec- 
tual and political context in 
which he, she or it existed. 

Another course that has 
survived since the earfy 
1960s is the study of history 
or literature with philosophy. 

At Sussex the study of 
humanities gives an im- 
portant place to intellectual 
hisioiy. This is not the 
simple transmission of an 
idea from one period to 
another, bqt the way in 
which people have thought of 
themselves as human, social 
and political beings. 

The university has devel- 
oped a particular specialism 
in intellectual history from 
the 19th centmy onwards. 
John Burrow is a world 
expert and Stephan Colliiii 
works in the same period. 

•In music Sussex combines . 
high scholarship with creativ- 
ity in Jonathan Harvey, a 
wcOrknown com p oser and 
highly regarded scholar. The 
same applies -to English 
where Gabriel Josopovia is a 
professor, but also the author 
of novels, poems. , 

Since the beginning the arts 
and social sciences have had 
a dose relationship with the 
continent because of the 
European studies school, and 
with the US because of its 
American studies. 

The university is develop- 
ing strong finks with Africa 
and with the Far East - Hong 
Kong and Indonesia. It is 
developing a new integrated 
degree with the aim of 
attracting students from 
Indonesia who will spend a 1 
preparation year at a lan- 
guage school in Brighton. 

Prof John Morrell; Greater 
a traditional university 

In 1985/86, biochemistry attracted 
£754,000 in grants of which 63 per 
cent was for medkally-criated re-' 
search. Dr Irene Green, for example. 

won a 10-year senior research 
fellowship from the British Diabetic 
Association for her research into the 
way in which fonKn is secreted. 

One of the largest grants of 
research money — £2WMW0 from the 
Overseas Development Administra- 
tion — has gone to Dr Tim Flowers 
for his work on developing a salt- 
resistant strain of rice, vital because 
at present rice can only be grown In 
salt-free water which hampers its 
g row t h in tropical countries where 
salt is brought to the surface and 
pollutes irrigation water. 

Dr Don Thomas, io his WHO- 
recognized laboratory, is looking at 
environmental control of the snail 
which causes schistosomiasis or 

hiUwira by manipulating the chem- 
istry of the water in the tropics. 

Jonathan Bacon is examining 
neural systems and Professor Mike 
Land, a fellow id the Royal Society, 
is looking at the optics of insects — a 
result is a new wide-fiekl X-ray 
telescope, an example of how useful 
things can emerge from seemingly 
pointless research. 

In chemistry, the imiversfty's 
strength lies in foe interface between 
organic, inorganic and physical 
chemistry. It is probably the leading 
institution in Britain for organo- 
tnetallic chemistry. 

Professor John Morrell, pro vice- 
chancellor (science), says there is a 
greater depth in Sussex’s school 

structure than in a traditional 
university. Sussex has a unique 
degree - chemistry by thesis — 
whereby yon can get a first degree in 
chemistry by entering a research 
laboratory in the noddle of year first 
year and spend most of your time do- 
ing practical chemistry through 
project work. Five students a year 
are able to do this. 

Sussex is noted for the work it 
does in the interface between 
mathematics and chemistry, and is 
one of the few places where students 
can specialize in theoretical chem- 

In physics the university does 
much on the structure of materials 
and electron microscopy. The most 
consistently excellent academic 
group is which includes the five 
astronomers. They have dose links 
with the Royal Observatory. 

New 6oi 
the arts 

Books from Oxford in 
rts and the sciences . .. 

The Collected Letters \?gf 
of WiB. Yeats 

Volume M 1865-1895 

Edited liy John Kelly and Eric Danville 

The first volume in tbe deBahtve aBOaa of Yeats's tenant, to be 
completed over tfie next decode bi twelve or more vo lum es. 

The English Settlements». 

A new volume in tbe Oxford Histoi^ of England, covering the dm 
cent u ries from the coBapee of Homan rate in die eeriy fifth 
century io the emergence of ihe Anglo-Saxon kingdoms In the 


The Female Animal 

IremeEHa - 

An Invaluable caltettoonof fnfbrmatkHi onaninrolbehavinur. - 
ewpl issu ing the female influence upon biological end social 


Oxford University Press 



Wc are de&gfited to have been associated with tbe Umvtrsiiy of Sussex oa 
several projects, inchidiog the Thsnno Fluid Laborat o ries. 

The -bmhptece" of the umvcmty of Sussex in 1961 two Victorian 
v flint 235-237, Preston Road, Brighton. These buildings jrere purchased 
recently by this Company for refurbishment and developme nt of flats for 
sale. u> May. 1984, Lord Shncnns kindly agreed to unveil a 
commemorative plaque. 

Further flats are presently under consnuctioa and will be available for 
occupation m the Spring. 

235-237 Preston Road, 
Preston Park, Brighton. 



• The Oxford tnsuirawnts Group n 
one Ol the UX ■ non successful 
advanced technology com p a n ies 

• We employ B20 people m Oxford. 

1 Atwwfon and Eynsham and owe 
than 340 abroad. 

• We capon om 90 per cam ol oux 

• last war our uunovei was more 
tfifln £53 

lends Uw wodd io tbe lerhnokigv 
. and ptodocuon ol super 

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OXFORD DBlUUhuu is toe 
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The Oxford Instruments Group pic 

Osney Mead Oxford OX2 0EE England Tel (0865) 722768 

Congratualtions to the 

on your Silver Jubilee 
from your auditors 

Grant Thornton 

■ Chartered Accountants 

Lees House, 
21DykeRoad > 


Tel: (0273) 778955 
National Office Tel: 01405 8422 

P.S. We’ve changed our name from 

Thornton Baker 

Reynolds & Young 

Chartered Quantity Surveyors 
Management and Construction Cost Consultants 

205 Stockwell Road, London SW9 9SL 
Telephone: 01-733 1264 



Brighton Borough Council wishes to 
congratulate The University of Sussex 
on attaining its Silver Jubilee 

The Borough, having played the major pan in 
founding the University, looks forward to 
continuing its close links in the future. It 
believes that the massive investment now 
taking place in Brighton, particularly in the 
hotel, tourism and high-tech areas, will ensure 
that the town and the university will retain 
th^ir pre-eminence in the U.K. and can look 
forward to an exciting future together. 

Reynolds & Young. Surveyors to the Un'r 
since 1959, have had a continuous ass 

of Sussex 
n with the 

University advising and assisting In the many aspects of 
the development of the University's bufldings and infra- 

Founded in 192B, Reynolds & Young provide experienced 
professional services including cost advice, cost planning, 
Insurance valuations, advice on type of contract, 
preparation of tendering documents and obtaining or 
negotiating tenders, financial control, valuation of work in 
progress and settlement of final accounts. In addition, 
Reynolds & Young has a long and successf ul trad t-racord 
in acting as project manager/client representative for the 
construction of new or refurbishing and outfitting of 
existing buildings. 


A design in glass andepaxy by Anthony Ske* friba. 

The Sir Basil Spence partnership 
continues with Anthony Blee as the 
senior partner^ at One Canonbury 
Place, London Nl, where the Sussex 
University master plan and the 
designs for the first buildings were 
prepared by Sir Basil Spence and his 
team of architects from 1959 
onwards. - 




- The Sussex Opportunity: 

SUkH A New Univeisity and the Future 

AftBBrah ROGER BUN-STO Yl£ (ad.) 

^jyRyN|1 Pmfessor of Theoretical Physics, University of Sussex 

Senior Assistant Secretary, Unimstty of Sussex 
Tlus is ihe Univeisny of Sussex's Silver Jubilee year Brighton was the 
perfect place for a major, modem touversify and Sussex has become 
one of the best known of British uruveranes. with an international repu- 

The Sussex Opporhmjry emp h asises tbe present and the future It has 
been specially commissioned to show how the distinctive and anginal 
ideas on which the University was based have developed in particular 
disciplines or groups of disciplines. And it looks forward to the direc- 
tion of future developments in each discipline The stress throughout is 
on Ihe lively and innovative nature of what is going on now, and what is 
likely 10 happen over the next decade or longer. 

The book will be particularly valuable to intending applicants. And. 
given the aflection that so many graduates feel for Sussex, it should ap- 
peal to those who have already benefited from the Sussex experience. 

240pp PAPERBACK 0 7108 1085 Z £7.98 May 1968 

+ B plate# Cloth - 0 7108 1061 4 £IB£S 


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the cup 





No fielding in the cow slips 
as dog takes French leave 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

The Screen Super Cup final 
will be staged in March or 
April or May or perhaps even 
early next season. No one 
knows and it would seem 
that ihe public does not care 
either. It was to have been 
held at Wembley, but that 
adventurous prospect has 
already been ruled oul 
A two-legged affair is now 
planned but the two clubs 
involved, which will almost 
certainly be Everton and 
Liverpool- may agree to 
reduce it to one leg. If so. it 
might be appropriate to play 
it in the middle of Stanley 
Park, the open stretch of 
greenery 1 dial lies between 
their two homes. 

The competition has be- 
come a farce, as seemed 
likely from the outset. De- 
signed initially to fill the gap 
left bv the European ban on 
Englis'h clubs, it has been 
largely ignored by spectators 
from "the start and threatens 
to become a monstrous 
inconvenience by the end. 
whenever rhat may be. 

Everton have provisionally 
arranged the second leg of 
their semi-final against Tot- 
tenham Hotspur for March 
19. Thai would be their 
fourth meeting in six weeks, 
their third 3t Goodison ParL 
If they go through. Everlon's 
officials have “no idea" when 
they will be able to squeeze 
in 'the final. 

Everton and the outstand- 
ing Southall held Tottenham 
to a goalless draw- on 
Wednesday night but the 
crowd, almost Lost amid the 
snow-flakes at White Han 
Lane, was a more relevant 
statistic. At a mere 7.548. it 
confirmed that Tottenham’s 
followers have been the most 
apathetic during the course of 
the competition. 

The lies against Southamp- 
ton, Liverpool and Everton 
were watched by 
Tottenham's three smallest 
audiences since the war. 
Their last home League 
fixtures against those three 
sides attracted a total of some 
92.000 spectators. In the 
Super Cup. the overall figure 
fell by a staggering 63.000 to 
a mere 29.000. 

Everton's supporters have 
been only ma iginallv more 
enthusiastic. The official 
travelling party that gathered 
in Liverpool for the journey 
to North London on Wednes- 
day. for instance, amounted 
to 15. Their two home gates 
so far. of under 31.000 for the 
visits of Manchester United 
and Norwich City, represent 
a drop of some 44.000. 

The others are not far 
above them on the graph. 
The crowds at Liverpool 
have gone down by about 
41,000. at United by 34.000 
and at Southampton, where 
the capacity is more limited, 
by 26,000. Indeed, the aver- 

age decline in attendances 
during the dozen first round 
matches was an alarming 

Cairo w Road stands alone 
as the one arena where the 
Super Cup has proved any- 
thing like an attractive propo- 
sition. That should not be 
surprising. The locals at 
Norwich City, the leaders of 
the second division and 
heavily favoured to be pro- 
moted welcome the arrival 
of more testing and talented 

The only other party to 
have gained from the compe- 
tition. which was suggested 
by the six clubs who would 
have qualified for Europe, is 
Screen Sport. The company, 
which donated £250.000 in 
sponsorship, is represented 
by Advantage International 
and Graham Walker, the 
managing director, yesterday 
described the event as “a 
fantastic success". 

"We came in when the 
national television networks 
were not covering any foot- 
ball. It was a coup. Exclusive- 
ly. we were beaming live 
games across Europe by 
satellite and because the cup 
was also attracting the atten- 
tion of the domestic media, 
the name of Screen Sport has 
become recognized both here 
and abroad." 

"The latest figures show 
that cur transmissions via 
cable have been seen official- 
ly by 80.000 people in the 
United Kingdom and by 
200.000 on the Continent. 
Since they can be watched 
anywhere in the world we 
estimate that the unofficial 
total of viewers probably 
amounts to several millions. 

"That may not seem much 
when you compare it with 
the figures of the national 
networks, but cable television 
is still in its infancy. Our 
only problem has been re- 
scheduling because of post- 
ponements but otherwise we 
have to be very pleased with 
the way that things have 

The name of Graham 
Walker may be familiar. For 
four years until last May he 
was the marketing manager 
of the Football League and 
was involved in the sponsor- 
ship deals with Canon and 
the Milk Marketing Board 
He resigned because he was 
disenchanted with the lack of 
progress in the television 

It seemed ironic not only 
that he was able to take 
advantage of the protracted 
row between the League, the 
BBC and ITV but also that 
he should now be in charge 
of the successful coverage of 
a competition that is regard- 
ed as utterly irrelevant and 
thoroughly unattractive. 
"You said it” he replied 
"noi me." 

V j - By Gordon Allan 

,, jr 'v Tony Allcock, ihe English 

e ** * * ' * ■ - -j m *a&£ . ■ champion and one of ihe 

•’ , Jk v seeded players, beat his compa- 

» v tnoi, David Cutler. 21-18 in 
T the second round of the 

V. ‘ “ * W&xiE:- Embassy world indoor 

will ■ F" < championship at Coatbridge 
'^p3[ ■•>?• . T yesterday. Ii was the fifth lime 

%&-. : they had met in singles 

/'■ . v - competition and Allcock's first 

-Jar/.. victory. 

• ■*'.** /taaap? Allcock had been waiting to 

play since he arrived last 

-* - /§||jP%.T tfyiilk * Saturday. This gave him ample 

' • . §P%r">- 1 £*■ ' time to' ponder Cutler's bril- 

••• •*' Hant reputation in singles and 

r,, to make, as he pul it. more 
plans to go home early than to 

■ $|§ He 800,1 found himself 1-8 
y&sWr" Jgjy vST '"M down but not worrying about 

J?y95lrK. ’ j&tW $ it. “I was not playing badly," 

_ m ,*§§ ' he said "1 felt that I just 

needed one break to get back 
jgff^ : M into the match." Thai break 

t*§r came on the eighth end Cutler 

> .... - .. • ' ■ played a firm shot but deflected 

7 ' • • &.*“'/• ■ / " , the jack sideways instead of 

running it back. 

Allcock immediately length- 
ened the jack and Cutler, his 
' , : rhythm disturbed fell behind 

' 8-15. On the 2lsi end Allcock I 

. .. ■" # ." ! ; • "/ • • led 20-14. Cutler, with delicate 

■X- •• ■’’•'j y drawing to his thvouriie shorter 

» -Stto&s - : ■' • ' jack, and a little luck, inched 

Tottenham's John Chiedozie: a symbol of African progress measure 0*11 ihe°26th decided 
Tep«k a a the match in Allcock's favour. 

Desert teams may ks 

•' bowler. Noel Burrows, who 

cflnd m &5PtaLS' e 2i-f3. s pSS; 

JLmM. pies, a baker from Queensland, 

_ _ _ _ could not hit a consistent 

faces of the famous ia L of ^ 

Brazil's Copacabana Beach the countries is a problem. J^‘ d B»> ianl ^ only 

Frein John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent Antigua 

i going right practice, whicb it would have for England, and in viw of 
my at Se been perfectly possible to do. ^ 

sing to the the leant postponed doing ^ * hc JSL 1 

Desert teams may 
kick sand in 

Nothing muen is going ngm praimc. 
for the England party al the been pei 
momcnL Since losing to l he the lea 
Windward Islands by seven anything 
wickets on Tuesday, they have Much 
had a delayed flight from St to pe pu 
Vincent followed by various ot hei 
setbacks since reaching Anti- l0 S urpr 
gua. Twenty-four hours after tourings 
landing here on Wednesday guaramei 
they had still had no practice, available 
owing partly to rain, partly to a though 
herd of cattle and partly, I am wasted, i 
afraid, to indifference, and member 
Bruce French has been attacked senl 
by a dog. recon nai* 

French first. He was out pened he 
jogging near the team's hotel to be u* 
when set upon and lost a chunk have beei 
of flesh from the back of the leg 0 f ^ t hi 
just above the knee. Hardly Wind war 
surprising, especially with all Botham 
the bending a wicket keeper C0Tne on 
needs to do. he is in doubt for Willis fo: 
today's match against the use v 
Leeward Islands. Iasi day 

Unless he makes the Test 
and one-day side, this may _ 

leave French with only a , c ^ | t0 
couple of runs between now P*a>«J. ! 
and the end of April. But that ■£]]?>! 
is more than the dog will have. J? ^ n ' c 
It was put down. Fortunately, sno J2 a8e c i 
French had an anti-tetanus J*®?*!! 1 
injection before leaving Eo- 
gland. Having myself had anti- 
rabies injections in India in V 1 ^ 

1 1964. along with a couple oi 99 ‘® l 1 , 

1 Mike Smith’s team. I can tell “'"l 8510 
French that at least he can be 
thankful to be spared those. 

Wednesday afternoon's prac- ‘, n ‘ • 
tice was cancelled because the ILi-Im. 
pitch at the Police ground and I 543005 - 
its surrounds were wet from Althouj 
overnight rain. And when naturally 
yesterday morning they re- Barbodiai 
turned there after breakfast, it may b 
they found that a number ol the seed 
stray cows had been having batsman 
their own bit of fun in the- Richards, 
middle. Other than passing a Because 
part of the morning in fielding Vincent 1 

the team postponed doing 
anything until 2.30. 

Much of this, of course, has 
to be put down to ill-luck. On 
the other hand, it never ceases 
to surprise me that England 
touring sides do not do more tc 
guarantee in advance the best 
available practice facilities. Al- 
though the time is never 
wasted, it is far too rare tha! a 
member of a touring party is 
sent on ahead in 
reconnaisancc. Had that hap- 
pened here, at least the pitches 
to be used for practice might 
have been protected. .As neither 
of the them played against the 
Windward Islands. Gower or 
Botham could easily have 
come on a day early, as could 
Willis for that matter, for all 
the use that was made of the 
last day at St Vincent. 

The Recreation Ground, 
where today’s match is being 
played, has been unavailable 
for practice and is not, in fact, 
in particularly good shape. A 
shortage of rain during the wet 
season shows in the outfield, 
which will be in much better 
condition by the time of the 
fifth match in April Still, a 
quiet influence there is Danny 
Livingstone: who held the 
catch which clinched 
Hampshire's first champion- 
ship in 1961 and is now the na- 
tional coach of the Leeward 

Although cricket comes as 
naturally to .Antiguans as to 
Barbadians, Livingstone thinks 
it may be a long time before 
the seed brings forth another 
batsman quite as good as 

lion fof the Tcsi matches is 
some way behind schedule. 
Botham, for one. needs hard 
work; but so do all the bowlers 
to get them into trim. It stokes 
me that there is a little too 
much freedom and nor quite 
enough subjection, that there is 
a reeling that w-ha: will be will 

The West Indians, for their 
part, are already wdl primed. 
In winning the Shell Shield for 
Barbados. Garner and Marshall 
have taken 48 wickets between 
them at only 13 runs apiece. 
Garner picking up 2c in four 
matches and Marshall 22 in 

With Richards resting and 
Andy Roberts now m rerirc- 
meni and more busy with rod 
and line than leather, the only 
Test player in the Leewards 
side today will be Richie 
Richardson. Ferns, who 
showed such promise for 
Leicestershire in 1984 before 
injuring a knee. may. with 
Winston Benjamin, give 
England's batsmen a taste of 
things 10 come- There is said to 
be nothing much between them 
for speed. 

I am sorry to say that the 
prisoners from the nearby jail 
no longer look after the ground 
here, though if the pitch is as 
good as. in the days when they 
did. England will have no 
complaints. In St Vincent, the 
Windwards’ victory over En- 
gland. though an obvious boost 
10 their cricket, meant less to 
the people there, so they said, 
than had they beaten Barbados 
or Jamaica. I would like to 

Richards. think that England need no 

Because the visit to St _ .incentive, bin if thev do that 
Vincent was so unproductive alone should be one'. 

England name six 
from Altrincham 

Non-League football by Paul Newman 

The continuing revival of 
Altrincham, spectacularly dem- 
onstrated when the Gola 
League side knocked Bir- 
mingham City out of the FA 
Cup Iasi month, has been 
emphasized in the announce- 
ment of a preliminary England 
squad for this season's semi- 
professional internationals. 

Altrincham have six players 
— Davison, Cuddy. Johnson. 
Conning. Newton and Ander- 
son — in the 50-man party, 
which will form the basis for 
the England team to face Wales 
in Merthyr Tydfil on March IS 
and for the annual four-nations 
tournament in Scotland from 
May 20 to 24. 

This season Altrincham have 
enjoyed the longest FA Cup 
run in their history - they were 
knocked out by York City in 
the fourth round — and 
consistent form in the league. 
The Cheshire club lie third in 
the table as they seek to 
reclaim the Gola champion- 
ship. which they last won in 

Telford United also have six 
players (Charlton. Turner, 
Hancock. Joseph, McKenna 
and Williams) in the England 
squad and Enfield, the current 
Gola League leaders, are the 
next best represented club with 
five (Pape. Barren. Howell. 
Ashford and Richards). 

The squad, managed and 
chosen by Kevin Verity, a 
Football Association coach, 
reflects the increasing strength 
of the Gola League, whose 
clubs provide a total of 39 
players. The Drybroughs 
Northern League and Vauxhall- 
Opel League each supply five 
plavers. the Multipan League 
and North West Counties 
League one each. There are no 
Southern League players in the 

mouth). G Andenon (Attrmcham). N 
A*Monl (Enfield). K Barrett (EnfieW), K 
Btthnl (Boston United). P Bowcntt 
(WeakSstone). K Brawn (Bam). D Bu- 
chanan (Blyth). P Cartwright iBlytn). K 
Casey (Kidderminster). K ChaiittM 
(TeBortS). P Cunning (Altrincham), D 
Const a n t ine (Stafybndge), A Cordtoe 
(Weaiaswne). P Cuddy (Aftnnctam). P 

(Altrincham). A Pape (Enfield). A Panlew 
(Dulwich). C Rictwds |Enfieldl. 0 
Richardson (Maidstone). D Ryan 
(Nortfiwicri). p StaetHf (Fncktey). G 
Simpson (Stafford). T Smtthers (Munea- 
tom. M Stephens (Sutton Umted). N 
Thompson (ScarOoroughj, G Tobin 
(Macclesfield). A Turner (Telford), P 
Upton (Stafford). S Waddingion 
(Macclesfield). P Wafter (BfytfiJ R 
wacex (friefctey), C Wfiaim (Taitofd). P 
WBson (FncMey). 

9 Ray O'Brien, caretaker 
player-manager of Boston 
United for the Iasi three 
months after the departure of 
Arthur Mann, has been ap- 
pointed on a permanent basis. 
9 Sean Marshall. Frickley 
Athletic's player-manager, has 
accepted the offer of a rwo-year 
contract. Under Marshall, who 
had been doing the job without 
a contract. Frickley are enjoy- 
ing the most successfii! season 
in their history. They reached 
the third round of the FA Cup 
for the first time and currently 
lie sixth in the Gola League. 
9 Geoff Wade, the manager of 
Ferry hill, has resigned. 
Ferryhill are second to bottom 
of the Drybroughs Northern 
League first division. 

• Colin Todd, the former 
Derby County and England 
defender, is due 10 make his 
debut for Ashington tomorrow 
in their Drybroughs Northern 
League match at WiUington. 

No winter sale 

Brazil's Copacabana Beach the countries is a problem, 
helped produce the players who “You continue to gel the od 
dominated world football individual player who is good 
through the 1950s. '60s and enough to go to a professional 
'70s. Could the sands of Arabia club in Europe, but for a real' 
be the breeding ground for the strong national or even du 
men to emulate Gamncha. team to come through thou£ 
Pole, and Socrates in the next you need money and organiz, 
century? tion. At the moment they dor 

Bobby Robson's recent seem to have cither." 
praise of Eg>pt may have been _ 

excessive, but thev were cer- The legendary Eusebio an 
uinh better than a' 4-0 beating »>» Portuguese captain Colun 
by his England team suggests. w outstanding examples t 
Morocco and Algeria will give Jhe individual potential. Bot 
a better guide to the current [earned their football 1 
state of North African football Mozambique before moving 1 
when thev plav in next June's Europe.Today in the Footba 
World Cup finals, and the Uague John Chiedozie 1 
whisper from the desert sug- Tottenham^ and Emek 
costs that they will surprise a Nwajiobi at Luton are evident 
few European qualifiers. °f jong-ienit interest ji 

"In North Africa the players football in Nigeria, 
are benefitung from the sort ol ... - , , 

training, coaching and practice r® 11 8rouQd&. the 

vou can't seem to get in a takc .?2 me ^ caun &- 
crowded English League Cameroon showed wha 

programme.'’ says Mike *£ y , le of by J tachm 

Everin. a former Arsenal. J{) e bul 

Northampton. Plymouth and they don 1 look^now the ihrea 
Brighton player who now onoe 

coaches a top Egyptian club, in 1966 Africa boycotted th 
Arab Contractors. World Ctip because they wer 

"A lot of ume is spent not guaranteed one finalist. B 
working on ball skills. Players J970 they had made their poin 
can work on their technique for and Morocco underlined it b 
an hour, sit down m the sun holding Bulgaria to a draw an< 
for a 15-miniue talk then go losing only 2-1 to Wes 
back to practise. The climate in Germany. The increase of thi 
England wouldnt let vou do finalists to 24 in 1982 gavi 
that every often, even if there them two representatives, wit] 
was the inclination or the Algeria actually beating Wes 
bme. Germany — who went on to tin 

This concentration on ball final — by 2-1. 
work plus the importing ol -p, ^ 

coaches from all over Europe 

and South America to work on ™ 

tactical thinking and team their favour couid well see a c 
discipline is seen by Everriu as 

the reason for an emergence of vnhmumy stage for the fira 
teams of quality from North nn,e ' 

Africa and the Gulf. 

Having moved into Middle Ppipn mc?A 
East football in the 1970s after HV-C llov 
spells as manager of Brentford Oxford United’s match 
and coach at Leicester, Event! against Aston Villa at Manoi 
is well placed to make a Road in the Milk Cup semi- 
lorecasL “Morocco and Algeria final second kg on March 4 or 
won't wm the World Cup in 5 is to be all-ticket with a timii 
Mexico.’’ he says, “but they of 14.200 and the club is again 
will make people start thinking increasing the charges which 
about what might be possible led to a boycott by spectators 
in 15 or 20 years’ time." in the last round. 

Everiit's triumph in winning Terrace tickets are raised 
the African Cup with Arab from £4 to £5 and seats go up 
Contractors broughi him into from £7.50 to £10. The 
contact with the black African attendance for the quarter-final 
football world. Thirty years ago tie against Portsmouth which 
the then England manager, Oxford won 3-1 was 10,334, 

“You continue to gel the odd I Pkjer to win on 

Wednesday. He beat David 
Hamilton, a Belfast mathemat- 

TCCB in a spin over Gifford 

dub in Europe, but for areally « ,eac her. 21-18 in a three- 
strong national or even club hour match in the evening. His 
team 10 come through though I adversare is Phil 

you need money and organiza- SkogJund. who turned a 5-16 
tion. At the moment they don’t delicji into a -I-J8 victory over 
seem to have cither." Cec, f l Bransky. who was nmner- 

up last year. 

The legendary Eusebio and . fe****..? 01 * 1 * *** *■: 

hie r <»r P Skogkjrw (NZ) 21. C Braratw [HA 

The legendary Eusebio and , Rg § i ?r 7S . ■foSff-.f 01 * 1 * 
his Portuguese captain Coluna ftTo D ££ 

were outstanding examples of 18 . Yesterday: a Ancocfc raw) 21 . c 

were outstanding examples ot te. Yesterday: a ADeocfc (Eng> 21 . 0 
the individual potential. Both Cutt* (Enoy tfc h Burrows (Eng) 21 . d 
learned their football in IAus) tx 

Mozambique before moving to 

Europe.Today in the Football '' ■' ““ 

League. John Chiedozie at 

Tottenham and Emeka SKIING 

Nwajiobi at Luton are evidence otMiixu 

of die long-tenn interest in 

football in Nigeria. 

“On their own grounds, they rr lllllll 

take some beating." Everitt 1 • 

says. "Cameroon showed what f* fl it ITS Til fill 
they are capable of by reaching 

the 19S2 finals, but generally . m < i • 

they don't look now the threat finTllTll CTlf* 

they once did." UJI11IUI3I1W 

In 1966 Africa bovcotted the Monine (Reuter) - Fog 
World Cup because they were ou . 1 ?««« y-esterday for 
not guaranteed one finalist. By s 'Y or *^ Cup downhill 

1970 they had nude their point S.cejJue to be held here today, 
and Morocco underlined it by Shortage of snow or over- 
holding Bulgaria to a draw and abundance of snow, storms and 
losing only 2-1 to West “maids have played havoc ; 
Germany. The increase of the v ’ -, th ™ circuit pro- 1 

finalists to 24 in 1982 gave gramme. , 

The England B team, whose 
scheduled visits to Bangladesh 
and Zimbabwe were cancelled 
because of objections to players 
with South Africa connections, 
may be al the centre of further 
controversy following the de- 
cision 10 select Norman 
Gifford, the assistant-manager 
for the third four-day imer- 

From Simon Wilde, Kandy 

day match on Tuesday. The 
selection committee of Mark 
Nicholas, die captain. Gifford, 
and Lush were sure there was 

wicket we had hoped for for an 
unofficial Test." 

Abu Fuard. chairman of Sri 
Lanka's selectors, also voiced 

nothing in the pitch for his disapproval of the wicket. 
Lawrence or Cowans, the fast- which is expected to break up 

for the third four-day inter- second spin bowler. During the 
national against Sri Lanka, second four-day international 
which started here yesterday, in Colombo last week, follow- 
This decision is apparently mg inquiries by the tour party. 

bowlers. after the second day. 

This is not the first time It is to be hoped that a better 
England B have needed a pitch can be prepared for the 
second spin bowler. During the fourth match, which has been 
second four-day interna tional switched from a troubled 
in Colombo last week, follow- region to Kandy, although the 
ing inquiries by the tour party, Asgiriya Stadium here has in 

contrary to the wishes of the the TCCB declined to send out recent years been conducive to 
Test and Cpuniy Cricket an extra player - or to allow spin. 

Board. Gifford, aged 45, took Gifford to be chosen if the Yesterday, Sri Lanka won an 
two for 66 in 27 overs of left- situation required it through important "toss, and dc Silva 
arm spin as Sri Lanka scored injuries. and Guiusinghc showed pa- 

235 for five. In fact. Barnett, who has not tience tn acquiring runs. With 

According to Peter Lush, the recovered from influenza, and Dias still there. Sri Lanka were 
England B team manager, flew home yesterday, was the able to achieve a formidable 
Gifford was selected after an only player not available for total. Cook dismissed 
examination of the pitch this march. Mr Lush's state- Mahanana. who up until that 
showed it was very damp, mem emphasised that this was point had scored 186 runs 
shorn of _ grass, and very not English cricket's interests against the tourtng team for 
different indeed from the to pick a 45-year-old player, once out, with the last ball of 
adjacent strip used for the one- _ but that “this is not the type of the dav. 

them two representatives, with 
Algeria actually beating West 

Weather permitting, Peter 
Wimsberger, of Austria, will be 

Counties happy to make a 
profit from the old enemy 

Germany — who went on to the I consecutive 

final - by 2-1. 

The Mexico finals, where 
they will find the climate in 
their favour, could well see an 
African nation through the 
preliminary stage for the first 

Price rise 

Oxford United's match 

downhill win bul yesterday he 
expressed doubts about his 
1 J rne F e technique. “It's not a course for 
ate in mt Pd be happy to finish in 
^ ? n the top three," he said. 
n But Switzerland's Pirmra 

le nrst Zurbriggen, the world downhill 
champion, who set the fastest 
single time in Wednesday's two 
practice runs feels he can win. 

Zurbriggen, wbo has not won 
raalch a race this season, said; “The 

By Richard Stretrton 

Despite the 1985 season's now reaping the benefit of 
appalling weather, the county many years of commercial 
dobs, one by one, are reporting development and planning, 
a profit. Under a system whicb Their al Ube-y ear -round ban- 

makes professioial financiers qnet and catering facilities 
wince, the dubs once again passed the £lm. mark in 
have had to depend heavily on turnover this year. The Old 

hand-outs from the Test and Trafford car park, which stages 
Comity Cricket Board to re- exhibitions in marquees rego- 
main solvent. The Australians larly throughout the winter, is 
might have been a poor side, another profitable asset 

against Aston Villa at Manor course J s * or * don't 
Road in the Milk Cup semi-, are about the cancellation of 
final second leg on March 4 or lrai0, t n 8- Ii s no problem for 
5 is to be all-ticket with a limit JP*- * m , ver 7 confident 1 never 
of 14.200 and the club is again fe, J » cl< “? lovumta&a race “ 
increasing the charges which _ Marc Gnardelii who races 
led to a boycott by spectators 

in the last round. ened his overall World Cup 

Terrace tickets are raised ■ e ® super-giant 

from £4 to £5 and seats go up wm , m Switzerland earlier this 
from £7.50 to £10. The ^ wk . I 311(1 . £ e 
attendance for the quarter-final heavily with combination 
tie against Portsmouth which P 0 ” 1 * 5 - . 

but they retained all their 
traditional appeal. Test match 

Kent paid over £20,000 to 
their players' pension scheme, 

profits, revenue from the spon- or their paper profit would have 
sored domestic events and other been larger. They also budgeted 

sources, were all lucrative. 

£25,000 profit from 

Walter Winterbottom. de- almost 4,000 below 
dared: “Watch out for Africa, ground’s capacity. 

They will have a world 

iney wm nave a world 
championship team before the 
end of the centuiy.”He was 
referring 10 black Africa, but 
politics and finance have 
ruined that prediction, accord- 
ing 10 Everitt. 

“Their football has gone 
back over the Iasi 10 years or 
so. There is no money to 
organize the leagues the way 
you need, the cash isn’t there to 
employ top coaches and the 
political turmoil in so many of 

No players 

England's World Cup squad 
are to join forces with the 
Health Education Council in 
an ami-smoking campaign 
aimed al the country’s school- 
children. The campaign was 
launched in London yesterday 
with Kerry Dixon and Glenn 
Hoddle among the first players 
involved in the £25,000 link- 

(34 He was fourth in a slalom at 
.ug St Anton. Austria, last month 
and fancies his chances of 
winning the combination 
which links that sfaJom with 
today's event. 

Cricket's cashflow in recent cricket catering, bat finished 
years has bees remarkable, but with a £9,000 loss owing to the 
ssadly inflation continues to wet weather. Stjch factors make 
make H impossible for mast cricket finances a hazardous 
comities to be sdf-saffident. affair, and it mjst also be 
The emerging threat tn tobacco remembered that counties like 
sponsorship is only the latest Kent are already striving hard 
cemiiMfer of how precarious the in their efforts tn supplement 
game's financial structure re- the TCCB handout, 
mains. Mike Turoeturaw starting his 

Finance was net a subject 26th year as Lekesters hire's 



in the brief for 
Palmer's working 

secretary, admits he has be- 
come pessimistic about the 

party, looking at the organize- future. Next month, Leicester- 
tien and playing standards In shire will be reporting a profit 

Disagreement oyer 
Cup substitutions 

Frankfurt IAP) - Hermann 
Neuberger, the vice-president 
of FIFA, said yesterday that an 
Italian proposal for three 
subsitutious during the World 
Cup finals in Mexico was 

Hie proposal was made by 

make two substitutions during 
an official international game. 

Neii berg er said FIFA had 
already decided to allow fall 
squads to sit on the bench 
during World Cup games in 
Mexico, giving a team II 
players on the bench In 

Italian national team manager addition to 1 1 in the game. 

(Weatcswoo). P Cuddy (Attnncframj. P 
Dowea IKiaoemimstBfj J Dawson (AJ- 
tnnetamt. H Daman (Kattermg). II 
DoMrt* (Weymouth). T Doherty 
(Farnboroughf. G Donnellan 
(WeakJstonej. R Feamn (Sutton United). 
J Gtov« (Mwastone). M Hancock 
(TeHord). 0 Howes (Enfold), j Johnacm 


(AHnncham). A Joseph (TeHord). P 
Uaacm (Bishop AucUand). G Lomor 
(Bishop Auckland), K McKenna (Teilwd), 
P McKetnon (Sutton United). D Newton 

Brian Clough, the Notting- 
ham ForcsL manager, says that 
he will not sell players to 
reduce the club's overdraft, 
which now stands at more than 
£1 million. 

He said today; “If we sell 
willy-nilly we might as well 
pack up. We have no financial 
crisis here and I have drawn 
more than £600.000 for players 
1 have sold." But Clough 
admitted that he had spent 
£850.000 in his efforts to build 
a new side. 

A fortnight ago hr said he 
would consider offers for three 
of his sinkers — Peter Daven- 
port. Garry Bmles. and his son 
Nigel. Today he said that 
Queen's Park Rangers. Chelsea 
and Derby County have in- 
quired about his son but there 
had been no firm offers. QPR. 
however, were showing a defi- 
nite interest in Forest’s mid- 
ffilid player. Neil Webb. 

Enzo Bearzot to help European 
teams deal with the high 
altitude in Mexico. 

“It’s an impractical proposal 
whicb would involve a change 
in FIFA rules," said 
Neubetger, who Is also the 

However, it still remains to 
be decided whether all 11 
players will be eligible as 
substitutes during a match, 
Neuberger said. 

According to present FIFA 
rules, a team picks the II- 
p layer line-up plus five reserves 1 

soccer federation. those five reserves are allowed 

FIFA rules allow a team to to sit on the bench. 



S Bal * NO'WHtfi f. Liverpool 1: 

Tcmoodam 0. Everton a 

SECOND DIVISION: Bradford v MWwafl 


TRWD OMSKM: OwtJv v GBBnoham 
postponed: Lincoln v Plymouth post- 
pon ed 

FOURTH DIVISION; Cheawr 2. North- 
ampton a- Hartlepool 1. Preston 0-. 
Mansfield v Tran mere postponed 

SCOTTISH CUP: Thjrd round: Aberdeen 
j. Mo ntrose 1. TTihd round replay: 
Bg?ctw_y MOttietvreBjooatponed 
Swlmgstlve v BerwtcK postponed: 
Meedowbank v Ouniwwme, postponed: 
Queen ot tne South 0. Queen's Pick 1: 

CENTRAL _ LEAGUE: Brs! drown 
EU**bum 5. Wigan I: Newcastle 1. Hufl 
3; West Bromwich 0- Barnsley 1. Second 
dMaiere Blackpool 2. Gnmsby ft BOHon 
0. York 1; Notts jfoumy v MOtSes- 
brougn. poaponed ’ 

IRISH CUP: Nemry 0. Aids Z Dungannon 
Swifts t. Tohemore I (aetOungarmon 
won 6-5 on penahias) 

GOLA LEAGUE: Waymouth I, Wycombe I 
AC OELCO CUP: LsaSiartiead 0. Hamp- 
ton O 

vision souttc Horsham 2 . SouthaB 1 
Brighton 3. Oxford 8. Bffmmgftam 0 
Orient 1. Brentford 0 
«*4 Mok Edopnare 0. Section i 
borough Students 2- RAF 0 


bndgs Umwsrty 23. Luddrtas 20: The 
Army 26. CnrH Service IB: Royal Navy 14. 
Orton University fa 
CLUB MATCHES: Bath 26. RAF ft 
Ponlypndd^fi, Aperavoti S3. Lyrine^JH. 


Swede falls 
to Lloyd 

. Memphis (AP/Reuier) — 
John Lloyd, of Britain, beat the 
No 12 seed. Jan Gunnarsson of 
Sweden. 6-1, 6-2, in the second 
round of the Volvo US 
national indoor championship. 

Uoyd, ranked 39tii in the 
world, said he had a feeling 
before the match that things 
would go well. “Sometimes 
you gei in the warm-up and 
you know you are going to play 
well." be said. 

“Today, just in that warm-up 
- four minutes or whatever - I •. 
was hitting every ball perfectly. 1 
I didn't know I was going to 
win. but 1 knew I was going to 
play welL” 

Lloyd said before his first 
round match with Ben 
Tesleman that he was uneasy 
because he did not hit the bail 
well in practice. But he won 
easily, 6-4. 6-2. 

He was in unexpectedly good 
form in yesterday's second 
round match as he hit II aces 
and lost only nine points in 
eight service games during the 
49-minute victory over 

“I felt great and was really 
sharp- It was as if I was six 
months into the season rather 
than the first tournament.'' he 

Another seed eliminated 
from the championship was 
Tomas Smi<L of Czecho- 
slovakia, who was beaten 7-6. 
4-6. 7-6 by Michael Wesiphal, 
of West Germany. 

Among the seeds advancing 
to the third round were Brad 
Gilbert. Paul Annacone, Johan 
Kriek and Matt Anger, all of 
the United States, and the 
Swedes Stefan Edbeig and 
Anders Jarryd. -v 

English cricket. Their recom- 
mendations are being an- 
nounced today. When tite 
TCCB deal with the recota- 

for the 17tfa consecutive years, 
but Mr Turner says U is getting 
harder to achieve ail tbe time. 
In round figures, half tbe 

mendatioas, it might behove £500,000 Leicestershire need to 
them to follow with an inquiry exist comes from the TCCB, 

into tbe game's finances. 
Gloucestershire are among 

gate receipts, and members* 
subscriptions. “The other 

several counties who illustrate £250.000 jas to be raised by 

the widespread dependence on other means, 
the TCCB. They came oat with sustain our 
a £532567 profit after receiving Turner asks. 
£216,000 from the Board. From won 

Actual gate receipts ac- surer*, let us 

other means. How long can we 
sustain our efforts?", Mr 

£216,000 from the Board. From worried county trea- 

Actual gate receipts ac- surer*, let us taro to Cricket's 
counted for less than 10 per equivalent of the furore which 

cent of their income. With the 
equivalent of 22 Championship 
days lost, Gloucestershire suf- 
fered more from the rain than 
any other side in 1985, apart 
(ran Northamptonshire. Yet in 

breaks out among Shakespear- 
ian scholars when It is sug- 
gested a missing poem has been 
found. Following diligent re- 
search ova- several years, the 
Association of Cricket 

a financial context, it was not Statistician^ CS) are in the 

tbe end of tbe world. throes of tinkering with loag- 

A Dottier curiosity to be accepted career figures for 
gteaned from the comities’ brief several legendary players. 

financial summaries, which A closer look at ancient 
trickle into print at this time of scoreboolts, or a proper check 

the year, concerns the disparity 
between, for instance, Lan- 
cashire?! £136,786 profit and 
Kent's £1.118. No disparage- 
ment to Kent, or any other 
county with a similar 
backgrooumd, is intended by 
suggesting that it is going to be 
a long time before they dose 
the gap on richer rivals. 

Old Trafford, as a Test 
match centre, has sources 
unavailable to ordinary county 

on the status of obscure 
matches long ago in foreign 
parts, has brought revised 
thinking to the records, among 
others of W.G -Grace and Jack 
Hobbs. Grace, it is argued, did 
not make 126 centuries but 124: 
Hobbs finished with 199 and 
not 197. Even Wilfred Rhodes 
is not sacred - as it Yorkshire 
enthusiasts do not have enough 
on their piste at the moment, as 
the county continues tn tear 

grounds. Lancashire, too. are itself apart, 

A Speight of runs 

Schools cricket by George Chesterton 

Just before the onset of real 
winter weather two schools. 
Hunsipierpoint and Bishops 
Siortlbrd. returned from cricket 
tours of the Indian sub- 
continent. The former, on their 
third visit to India, played in 
five centres, Bombay, 
Surat, Ahmedabad. Rajkot and 
Goa. Theirs was the first 
schools touring party ever to 
play jo Goa. 

drawn. It was the last match 
against Raj ku mar College that 
gave ibe greatest excitement. 
The home ream set the 
formidable target of 286. a 
chanceless innings of 212 not 
out by M. Speight in which he 
showed a wide range of strokes 
made a five- wicket win 

r The latest ACS journal roles 
I that a match in Sooth Africa in 
1909-10 was not a first-class 
■ fixture; four games in India in 
1922-23. when Rhodes was 
i coaching out there, have been 
given that status. The upshot is 
that Rhodes's career aggregate 
record chhanges from 4,187 
wickets at 16.71 each to 4,204 
at 16.72 apiece. 

Cricket statistics have no 
official standing, though they 
are, of course, of absorbing 
interest to cricket enthusiasts. 
Tbe game's authorities have 
never become involved with 
them, though in 1947 they did, 
for the first time, define what 
constituted a first-class m atch. 
Following the principles then 
laM down, tbe ACS have rowed 
back, and previously unavail- 
able facts have come to light. 

ACS have also changed 
initials and first names of some 
players after eaxmining birth 

These ACS activities are 
auathema to several influential 
cricket-writers and com- 
mentators; tbe arguments rage, 
and an increasing number of 
reference books, rattier unfortu- 
nately, are disagreeing about 
basic figures. Does it matter? 
Some of us believe it does. As 
oneACS member said 
recen t]y:“Medeni scholarship 
is changing all sorts of histori- 
cal facts and myths. Should 
cricket be any different from 
any other areas? 

This month sees the cen- 
tenary of the births of Andy 
Ducat and ’’Wally*’ Hanfinge, 
too among the band of 12 
pmyers, wbo represented En- 
ga»d at both Cricket and 
Football. Both played against 
Scotland in 1910, ami won their 
solitary Test caps against 
« Leeds in 1921. 
*tardmge was an inside or 
centre-forward, and played for 
NewcastieJSbeffield United, 
and Arsenal, and scored 33,519 
rnns for Kent between 1902 and 
1933. Ducat's best footballing 

WoolwKb Arsenal and Aston 
J^and be made 23J73 rims 

lyjz. He died at the wicket 
durrag a Home Guard match at 

® 194 2- Since 1921, 
telly Johnny Arnold iurfae 
f *“d Willie Watson and 
Arthur Milton, since the Sec- 
ond World War, have won 
England selection at the two ^ 

Pocock to lead 

Pal Pocock. who led Surrey 
at the start of last season before 
handing oyer to Trevor Jestv. 

^Ptajn the county this 
summer. Now aged 39 the 

tea Si 

elected by the dub’s general 

jsns^l wi * oul onSE T, 

in 8 i7f„rn Ilhe 

Goa. Theirs was the first possible by HurspierpoioL Pocock. who u- j , 

schools touring party ever lo Bishops Stortford. on their for Surrev fo ioaj 

plav in Goa. first overseas tour, went to Sri season as *ast 

Lanka breaking even cm re- 

Of their 15 matches four were i suite, winning and losing four Geoff 1 . “fatoan 

won. three lost and tite rest . matches and drawing three, the side*^^ was 0lU 

Vf t> I 

, "jjr 

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J: . 




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<*- u ‘ 







Howe is suddenly left 
out in the cold 
at Flushing Meadow 

Th<- .~i. -o 85 ®* x Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Referee" Sir Howt ' 10 **ieve lie rare feat of 

““aS "°J on }f? ap_ r ^ mpttu ’ s at Wimbledon for 
ong the list of 16 consecutive years, with 

particular distinction 

officials at the United States 
championships. Howe, aged 
60, has been sacked. Accord- 
ing to a mutual acquaintance 

Bob is a very disappointed 
man right now - and this 
business could have been 
handled better by the United 
Stftes Tennis Association 

Howe was assistant referee 
for 12 years before taking 
over in 1983. He had begun 
to seem part of die furniture 
at Forest Hills and Flushing 
Meadow in turn and his 
sudden dismissal is startling. 
Its prime cause is said to be 
staffing problems wi thin the 
USTA because of restricted 
opportunities for promotion. 
Howe had an annual short- 
term engagement as referee of 
the championships. By con- 
trast his successor will proba- 
bly be a fiill-time USTA 

Bora in Sydney, Howe 
trained as a navigator in the 
Australian Air Force, studied 
physical education at Sydney 
University, and was a 28- 
year-old country school 
teacher when he was persuad- 
ed to try his luck on the 
tennis circuit in 1954. 

In spite of bis late start he 


mixed doubles (once champi- 
on, twice runner-up). 

Howe was also one of the 
regular Australian partici- 
pants in the annual players' 
cabarets at Monte Carlo, 
where his quasi-dramalic 
sketches with Virginia Wade 
had to compete with such 
drag acts as Fred Stolle 
(Shirley Temple), who 
mimed “The Good Ship 
Lollipop”, and John 
Newcombe (Marlene 
Dietrich), whose scarred 
knees detracted from the fact 
that he otherwise had good 
legs for the role. All that was 
part of the vanished joys of a 
circuit once dominated by 
Australians on and off court. 

Howe worked for two 
sportswear companies in 
Britain before moving to 
California. In recent years he 
has refereed a Davis Cup 
final and the Olympic Games 
‘"demonstration" event and 
has helped a London-based 
entrepreneur, David White- 
head, to organize a world- 
wide series of events for 
formerly distinguished play- 
ers aged 35 or more. Such 
promotions usually combine 
entertainment and instruc- 

tion with the marketing 
programmes of a variety of 
commercial companies. 

John Alexander and Ros- 
coe Tanner will bring their 
powerful services to bear 
among this year's “Internat- 
ional Thirty-Fives", as the 
series is known. Stops on the 
circuit will include Kilternan 
(a new tennis centre near 
Dublin), Paris. Moor Park 
(the golf club contains a 
thriving tennis dub), the 
Netherlands, Monte Carlo or 
Bournemouth, Italy, Macao. 
Barbados. Auckland, Welling- 
ton or Christchurch, and a 
Middle-Eastern tour of Bah- 
rain, the United Arab Emir- 
ates. Oman and Qatar. 

Ilie Nastase (Paris) and 
Tom Okker (Netherlands) are 
the best known local organiz- 
ers and it is likely that the 
players in action will also 
include Mark Cox, Cliff 
Drysdale. Bob Hewitt, Jan 
Kodes, Frew McMillan. Ma- 
nuel Orantes, Nikola Pilic, 
Marty Riessen, Stan Smith, 
Adriano Panatta and Roger 
Taylor — that is, when such 
old chums can spare the time 
from television commentat- 
ing, serving as captains or 
coaches of Davis Cup teams, 
or running this or that aspect 
of a game in which all made 
yesterday's headlines. 


Howe: yesterday's man at the Meadow 


Forward thinking Wakefield adjusting well to 

on the back issue a whole new ball game 

By Gerald Davies 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

An old and familiar phrase, 
redolent of a former time, has 
been brought out of a darkened 
cupboard, dusted down and 
freshened up and is. fashion- 
ably. doing the rounds again in 
the best circles. “It's only 40 
per cent possession the welsh 
team need" is already tripping 
off many an excitable lip. 

For once again half backs 
and the rest of the ihreeqnaner 
line are seen to carry them- 
selves with a bit of swank and 
swagger again. It may appear to 
be very flimsy evidence — only 
two tries scored but eight 
penalties kicked — upon which 
to base sucbconfidence. but 
there were other attacking runs 
which, though they brought no 
reward, encourage the belief 
that the Welsh bocks can do a 
lot with very linle. 

This is a source of cheer in 
that the backs, after many a 
long year in the doldrums, are 
on their way to recovering their 
rightful place in the scheme of 
things- But it is a mixed 
blessing. It implies an accep- 
tance that the Welsh forwards 
cannot achieve parity in the 
contest for possession. It may 
be that Welsh rugby, at 
national level at least, will have 
to live with Ibis adversity for a 
while so as to lay to rest its 
over-emphasis on scrummaging 
and mauling. 

It is 12 years since the 40 per 
cent phrase went out of fashion 
when the power of the British 
forwards ascended with the 
destruction of the South Af- 
ricans in 1974. Thai South 
Africa never expected their 
forward pride to be so utterly 
beaten was a rude awakening to 
them, but to take them on 
successfully' where they least- 
expected it was a great tactical 
victory for the Lions of that 
year. The trouble is that many 
an influential head has re- 
mained in the clouds ever 
since, thinking that forward 
power alone is enough to win 

Now. with a Welsh pack as 
currently constituted unable to 
exert itself, faith in the back 
division is born a g a in . In 
considering the Welsh perfor- 
mance in the first two inter- 
nationals. it can be argued that 
this has been forced upon 
them. The sparkle in the eyes 
of the youngsters and their 
cheeky', precocious confidence 
— Jonathan Davies even found 
lime at one stage during a lull 

to chat with someone in the 
crowd and to comment on how 
good a game be thought it was 
— is good enough reason to 
(want to go back and watch 
them play again. Davies. I have 
no doubt, has his eye on a 
captaincy at some future stage, 

Although the Scottish for- 
wards were neither as 
overpowering nor as controlled 
as England's were at Twick- 
enham, they were nonetheless 
sufficiently dominant to ensue 
that Wales would not com- 
mand an even share of the boll, 
and to put them consistently 
back on their heels. 

So far, the three' main 
sources of possession, remain 
inconclusive. Wales are in- 
consistent at the lineouc they 
hardly fell the ball at Twick- 
enham. and if they won the 
count in the first half against 
Scotland, it soon dried up in 
the second. The scrummage, 
periraps because of the lack of 
bulk of both Waters and 
Brown, is of such uncertain 
quality that it puts Jones under 
constant pressure. Thirdly, 
perhapslargdy because of the 
uncertainty of the two set 
pieces, they are not winning the 
race for the loose ball, the area 
which could prove most profit- 
able for the attacking qualities 
of the threequarters. 

The task ahead is to ensure 
that parity, not necessarily 
domination, is achieved io at 
least one of these areas and 
preferably in two if they are to 
make life just a little easier for 
Jonathan Davies, Robert Jones 
and the rest A 40 per cent 
share is not really quite good 
enough, however talented these 
players are. 

Sporrell out 

The John Player Cup hold- 
ers, Bath, will be without their 
former captain, Roger Spurrdl. 
in their fourth round tie at 
Moseley tomorrow. SpurrelL, a 
flanker, has not trained fully 
since suffering sore ribs in the 
third round match at OrrdJ 
two weeks ago.He is replaced 
by the former England back- 
row forward, Paul Simpson, 
bringing the number of inter- 
nationals in the side to 1 1. 
•Steve Bainbridge.lbe former 
England second row forward, is 
to rejoin Gosforlh next season. 

For years when people 
have talked about rugby in 
Wakefield they have meant 
Rugby League and Wakefield 
Trinity. Trinity were one of 
the original clubs who, in 
1895, broke away from the 
Rugby Football Union to 
form the Northern Union 
and, over the passage of 
years, they have been a 
leading light of tbe Rugby 

Over the last decade, how- 
ever, Trinity’s fortunes have 
declined and the name of 
Wakefield has become asso- 
ciated with an open style of 
Rugby Union, an attractive, 
possibly lightweight but 
nonetheless empassioned 
club. Rosslyn Park may 
disagree with the adjective 
lightweight ten years ago 
they scraped through to the 
final of the John Player Cup 
by beating Wakefield 12-6 in 
a tense encounter. Last 
month they bowed out of tbe 
cup in the third round, 
beaten by a flurry of York- 
shire points which took 
Wakefield to a 23-19 win and 
a fourth round tie tomorrow 
(weather permitting) against 

None of their subsequent 
cup seasons lived up to the 
promise of that 1976 run 
which established Wakefield 
as a first-class club and lifted 
them out of Trinity’s shadow. 
They offered new personal- 
ities to the national scene: 
Jeff Dowson, a fine back row 
forward and captain for club 
and county, Les Cuswortb, 
who subsequently moved 
south to Moseley then to 
Leicester, whom he now 

captains. “We had many 
moments over the first 70 
years (Wakefield were 
founded in 1901) of winning 
the Yorkshire Cup" Robin 
Foster, tbe club c hairman. 
said “but we weren’t achiev- 
ing regularly. We had to 
watch Wakefield-born players 
achieving elsewhere." Among 
them were Phil Taylor 
(Northampton and England). 
David Rollitl (Bristol and 
England) and, of course, 
Cusworth, capped ten times 
by England. 

Peter Cook, who played so 
well for the Midlands in the 
divisional championship this 
season, returns with Notting- 
ham tomorrow to the club 
with whom he won Under 23 
honours though, as a Lan- 
cashire lad, he was not part 
of the enormous nursery 
provided by the schools 
which surround Wakefield, of 
which Queen Elizabeth GS. 
Silcoates and Norman ion 
Freeston are probably the 
fc ~r known. 

stayed with Wakefield that 
has helped us tremendously. 
Barley will not be facing 
Nottingham: the centre who 
toured with England during 
the Iasi two summers, is 
building up fitness after 
long-standing leg injury. 

But Harrison, who joined 
England in squad training at 
Twickenham last Sunday, 
will play on the wing as will 
Bennett another wing, who 
survives from that 1976 
season. They, along with 
Heron, tbe prop and captain, 
and Town end. at stand-off 
half are tbe old beads in 
young, inexperienced side 
which will run every piece of 
possession on the basis that 
they may not see very much 
coming their way from the 
Nottingham forwards. 

“It's almost Welsh, bring- 
ing up children here” Mr 
Foster said. “They all play 
with an oval ball and many 
of them, of course, go to 
Rugby League. 1 was asked, 
when we had lost seven 
players to league one season, 
what would happen to Wake- 
field. I told people the Rugby 
League would ran short of 
brass before we ran short of 

“We have been delighted 
in the last few years to see 
Bryan Barley and Mike 
Harrison win England caps. 
But it's the feel that they've 

“Every copper we've had 
out of tbe cup has been 
ploughed back into the club." 
Mr Foster said — hence the 
new 500-seat stand and 
concrete terracing which can 
accommodate gatherings of 
over 4,000 at College Grove, 
which is part of a sports 
complex. LLanelli pay their 
first visit there on March 8 
which will be a case of Greek 
meeting Greek. 

Wakefield are also con- 
scious that northern pride has 
been dented somewhat rudely 
this season. They and 
Broughton Park are the only 
northern survivors in the 
cup. Earlier this week they 
received the good wishes of 
Orrell, who lost in a drawn 
game to the cup holders Bath 
in the last round. Wakefield 
will fly the flag well. 

London beat last year’s finalists 
to qualify for last four of cup 

By David Hands 

3® - 

The London will make their 
first appearance in the semi- 
finals of the Hospitals Cup for 
three years when they pay Sl 
T homas's on February 26. The 
other semi-final will he played 
a week earlier when St Mary’s, 
tbe holders, play Guy’s in a 
repeat of one of last season’s 

The London disposed of 
Charing Cross-Westminster, 
who were finalists last year, by 
15-10 in their second round 
encounter, flunks largely to 
Mac Lean, their stand-off half 
who kicked two penalties and 
three drop goals. London's 
forwards also played a major 
pan as did the StMary's pack 

m their convincing 33-3 win 
over Sl. Bartholomews. 

The British Polytechnics won 
their second representative 
match of the season when they 
beat the Universiry Colleges of 

London 11-6 on the British 
Aerospace ground at Bristol. 
Although it was a far from 
exciting encounter both Poly- 
technic wines, Layton and 
Nelson-Williams advanced 
their cause for a place in the 
side against the UAU on 
March 19 at Manchester 

Nelson-Williams (South 
Bank) was a try-scorer as was 
Edwards (Oxford), the Rosslyn 
Park lock. Both will be 
contenders for a place in the 
combined English students side 
to be chosen on February 17 
which will face the French 
students at Bath on February 

Loughborough University 
have seven representatives in 
the English Universities' side 
to play Scottish Universities at 
Raeburn Place Edinburgh on 
February 14, tbe eve of the 

Calcutta Cup game. Six of the 
Loughborough players are back 
and all can expect a demanding 
game next Wednesday in tbe 
semi-finals of UAU knock out 
competition when Lough- 
borough play Birmingham at 
Rugby and Swansea beat Not- 
tingham at Stroud. 

TEAM: J Wabb [Bristol): J Rows, C APen. 
A Buaa. C Jamas: A Sutton. M Hanco dc 

M Vtagd 

G Koral (Nottxqham). T 
Swan (LvsfpooO. A MacDonald (Lougtv 
borougfc), S Hofrnes (East Angta). T 
Eitvooke (Exeter Capon*. 
RESULT&flospnab Cup, Second found: 
The London 15. Charing Gross-Wesi- 

mmstar TO: UCH and Middlesex 3. Gigs 

12; Sl Thomas' 15, Royal Free 0; 
Bartholomews 3, St May's 33 
• TheBath centre Alun Rees is 
io rejoin Bristol Rugby CLub, 
after spending four years with 
the John Player Cup cham- 
pions. Rees was in the Bath 
side who beat Bristol in the 
John Player Cup final in 1984. 

Power-packed season for King’s 

Schools rugby by Michael Stevenson 

■s/SSt'j \ 


King's. Worcester, have com- 
pleted a most successful season. 
Victories over Bristol GS (24- 
6L Malvern (44-0) and Belmont 
Abbey (28-0) gave them a final 
record of 16 wins and four 
defeats. None of those losses 
was by more than five points. 
Among the victories, none was 
more pleasing than their 17-12 
derby success against RGS 

Kite's possess a powerful 
peck which contributed two 
players. George Blakeway, a 
scrum half and David Ogle, 
right wing, to the Midlands 
side defeated by the Australian 
Schools- Also outstanding has 
been Simon Jevons. who 
scored three tries against Bel- 
mont Abbey. He has 22 tries to 
his credit this season. 

.'■kan-TWvies:- even 

foHBd tim e to chat wit h ^Spectator 

Pocklington have 14 wins 
from 17 matches, losing only to 
Woodhonse Grove (9- 1 6), 

Wdbeck College (l 1-9) and St 
Peter's (16-8). Their final 
victory was against Mount St 
Mary's (30-3). Tim Hudson 
scored two fine tries; and their 
leading points scorer, Mike 
Hutchinson, took his tally for 
the season to 108. 

In the last first-round match 
of the Bank of Scotland 
Scottish Schools Cup. 
BoroRgbmuir HS defeated 
Eastwood HS 32-6. One quar- 
ter-final has been played. 
Penicnik HS beating Stranraer 
Academy 8-0- 

EDesmere College, preparing 
for their second visit to 
Toronto in two years, have not 
eqjoyed an outstanding season, 
bui were delighted at the 
selection of the fast and 
powerful Owen for tbe senior 
Shropshire team that defeated 
Soirh Warwickshire. 

• Support for my views over 

the relative strengths of state 
and independent schools has 
come from John Edwards, 
former headmaster of 
Hipperholrae GS. now retired: 

“J would say that it is now 
exceptional for a state school to 
have good rugby in depth, that 
is representative XV* all 
through the school. I suspect 
that a frequent problem in state 
schools these days is that 
games are held to be the 
responsibility of the PE special- 
ists. whereas in independent 
schools, all kinds of other 
specialists are willing to run 

• Last week I referred to 
Beaumont as beaten finalists in 
the Rydal Centenary Sevens 
and having been narrowly 
defeated by RydaL Tbe school 
question was not B eaum ont 
Belmont Abbey. 

y <? 



TV misses 
out on 
a Kingston 

By Nicholas Hurling 

Portsmouth 114 

Team Kingston 116 

A basket, six seconds from 
time, by Steve Bontrager gave 
Team Polyccll Kingston a 
crucial victory over one of their 
chief rivals for the Carlsbeig 
national league championship 
on Wednesday night. 
Kingston's victory makes them 
slight favourites to regain their 


The BBC had declined to 
televise die game for their 
Sportsnighl programme 
suggesting that it might not be 
exciting enough, but a capacity 
crowd at the Mountbauen 
Centre must have thought 
otherwise as Kingston sped 
into a 1 5-2 lead after three 
minutes only to be caught by a 
furious response from the 
home side that gave them the 
lead by 58-44 at half-time. 

The introduction of Jod 
Moore, who has been out since 
November 3fier haring glass 
splinters removed from an eye 
when he was involved in a car 
crash, sparked off the Ports- 
mouth revival, which looked 
certain to give them a worthy 
success. But with Dassie and 
the excellent Irish in foul 
trouble. Kingston gradually 
reduced the deficit until 
Bontrager. who had looked 
nothing like his normal prolific 
self in the first half — scoring 
only nine points — levelled the 
scares with SO seconds left 

Bontrager then dispossessed 
Dan Lloyd to set himsel f up for 
what proved to be the winning 
basket with six seconds remain- 
ing. There was still time for 
more drama, however, as Irish, 
who had been fouled by 
Bontrager. missed the first of 
his free shots which could have 
have taken the game into over- 

Portsmouth have little time 
to pick themselves up. Tonight 
they go to Brunei Ducks 
Uxbridge and Camden, rc vital- 
ized after four successive wins, 
and tomorrow visit Sharp 
Manchester United, the other 
team in contention for the title. 
“We've got no lime to sit back 
and cry,’’ Danny Palmer, the 
Portsmouth coach said. “We’ve 
got to brat United and all the 
rest of them. It was really 
frustrating as we were still eight 
points up with three minutes to 
go. Bui we didn’t play too 

Well as be had played. 
Moore accepted the blame for 
letting the tempo of the game 
run away with him on his 
return, “ft was difficult on my 
first game back, but I should 
have slowed it down.” he said- 
“I take the blame. Bontrager 
was hoL We didn’t do a good 
enough job on him.” 

SCORERS; tatMHfc kah 34. Anctor- 
son 25. Okm 20. VtfsHt 14 Mnattou: 
w 44. Clark 29. Davis iflT 
RESULTS: Hemal and Watford 
35), Sparrings 
(Whitehead 34* McEwan 
102 (£*s 36). ~ 

Royals 105 (Balogun 
Sofem Stars 98 (Wlwahe 

Tyneside 102 (Efts 36). Bvmmcgiam 
Bullets 101 ( Shoulders 35); Brunei Dudes 
Uxbndge and Camden 93 (KeBytxew 29). 
Happy Eater Bracknell Pirates 90 (Stfter 



Graham’s victory 
brings him 
closer to Sibson 

By Sriknmar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 


The confrontation ■ between 
the arch-rivals Hero! Graham, 
of Sheffield, and Tony Sibson. 
or Leicester, came near yes- 
terday after Graham's em- 
phatic 10th round victory over 
Ayub Kalulo, of Denmark, in 
the European middleweight 

championship at the City Hall. 
Sheffield, on Wednesday night. 

Brend 2 n Ingle. Graham's 
trainer, said yesterday : “No 
problem about Sibson getting a' 
fight with Graham. Barney (B. 
J. Eastwood. Graham's man- 

Mugabi's manager. Mickey 

Duff, is a business associate of 



r) said Sibson can have the 
any time as 

gbt any lime as long as 
Barney puts it on. He will put 
up the money but it is up to 
Sibson to go after Graham's 

it all depends now on 
whether Frank Warren, 
Sibson's exclusive promoter, 
will allow him to box on an 
Eastwood show. Warren had 
been threatening to stop 
Graham’s European challenge 
through a High Court injunc- 
tion because of contractual 
problems. It is difficult to see a 
London promoter allowing 
Eastwood to take the profits 
from a show that would be a 
sell-out if Graham and Sibson 
were to meet. 

Eastwood is in the happy 
position of not needing Sibson 
as much as Sibson needs 
Graham. For Eastwood be- 
lieves it will not be long before 
Graham takes on Marvin 
Hagler. the world champion. If 
Hagler were somehow to be 
beaten in his next defence by 
John Mugabi of Uganda, 
Graham's world chance could 
come even sooner, for 


Eastwood's. Sibson could then 
find that pinning Graham 
down to accepting a challenge 
is even harder than nailing him 
in the ring. 

Eastwood, who is also Barry 

McGuigan's manager, was im- 
pressed by the crowd at City 
Hall and wants to put the 
world title bout on at Sheffield 
football ground. After 
Graham's victory Eastwood 
said: "If this was not a 
champion. 1 don't know who 

Graham's insidc-the-di stance 
victory over Kalule was not 
unexpected, however. For the 
shorter Ugandan former world 
champion, was not only a shell 
of his old self but never fully 
able to catch the elusive 
Graham with both hands. I 
have, however, one reservation 
about Graham. Even though 
the Sheffield boxer was on top 
from the start and giving the 
advancing Ugandan Dane a 
pasting round after round, it 
was surprising how often Gra- 
ham was caught by Kalule’s 
jabs til in the end his mouth 
was bleeding, nose was red and 
he had a cut on his cheek 
under his left eye. I am sure 
this fault would not have been 
missed by Ingle, who being the 
strategist that he is is bound to 
go to work on the flaw. 

Kalule has a date to meet 
Sibson in Monte Carlo at the 
end of February but after (hat 
defeat it is unlikely that a 
contest will be held, much of 
its drawing power now having 
been lost. 












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Witherspoon drug test 
reveals marijuana 







New York (AP) - A post-bout 
test found there were traces of 
marijuana in Tim 
Witherspoon's system when he 
won the World Boxing Associ- 
ation heavyweight title in 
Atlanta last month, the pro- 
moter Don King said here. 
King said he had been notified 
of the test results by the 
Georgia Boxing Commission. 

Witherspoon, who took the 
title from Tony Tubbs on 
points over 15 rounds decision 
on January 17, said that he had 
smoked marijuana only once, 
“during a party in Philadelphia 
around Thanksgiving” in 

“That was way before the 
fight, way before training and 
everything." Witherspoon said. 
“It could not help me beat 
Tubbs, because you get sluggish 
when you smoke marijuana. It 
doesn't help you win 
Witherspoon, who was 
named Boxer of The Month on 
Tuesday by the WBA. asked 
the country to forgive him. 
saying: “I let everyone down. I 
gave Don King my word that I 
was dean and that I didn't use 
it. but I lied. 1 hope they will 
forgive me. 1 will never do it 

Witherspoon said he had 
smoked the marijuana with 
friends who were celebrating 
the fact that he was getting a 
chance at the title again. 
Witherspoon held the World 
Boxing Council title for less 
than six months in 1984, 
before losing a 12-round de- 
rision to Pinklon Thomas. *T 
was young-minded and foolish 
and went ahead and smoked 
rhis stuff, knowing that they 
were testing people," 
Witherspoon said. “Bui we 
were happy, and I did it 

The Georgia Boxing 
Commission chairman said he 
was bound by law to make no 
public statement on the matter 
until after a hearing, which was 
scheduled for next Monday. 

“We have already notified the 
World Boxing Association of 
the hearing, and what they do 
after that is up to them,” 
Lanny Franklin, the commis- 
sion chairman, said in Atlanta. 
“As far as we are concerned, 
tbe result of the fight will 
stand. Under our rules, we 
cannot change a decision ex- 
cept for collusion, fraud or a 
mathematical error.” 

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Sebastian Coe, David H emery, Dan Topols ki: is fear of defeat stronger than will to win? 

David Miller hears about the importance of motivation 

The mind does the running, 
the body pulls the strings 

One of tbe values of sport is 
that, being at tbe most super- 
ficial level about winning and 
losing, it encourages a degree of 
self-ana lysis in tbe participant. 
Sport can help ns to understand 
more about ourselves, and 
simnltaneonsly or easily to 
communicate with others. Sport 
can contribute to a rounded Ufa. 

It is a recognition of this, 
reinforced by an internal under- 
current of some anxiety, that 
has persuaded Oxford Univer- 
sity to initiate a series of 
lectures this term on tbe 

sporting scene, which this week 
Sebastian Coe, David 
H emery. Dan Topols ki and 
Dan Masked gathered in the 
Examination Schools to discuss 
Motivation and Coaching”, 
under the discerning eye of that 
historic motivator Kaiser Bill, 
whose portrait has stared down 
upon generations of undergrad- 

Coe and Topols ki particu- 
larly emphasized that, contrary 
to a widespread misconception, 
motivation conies from within 
the competitor rather than from 
the coach- Topolski, himself a 

successful university and inter- 
natioital lightweight oarsman, 
a coach has transformed 
Oxford's record in tbe Boat 
Race from a miserable 12 
victories in 70 years to 10 
successive victories. Coe, who 
chose Loughborough University 
because of its parallel tra- 
ditions in economics and sport, 
gave admissions tutors a lead 
towards the true valency be- 
tween academia and sport with 
his dosing words. 

With that other intellectual 
record breaker, the nemofogist 
Sir Roger Bannister, among the 
audience. Coe said: “The coach, 
whose job it is to train both 
mind and body to simultaneous 
performance, can watch the 
results with objectivity, rather 
than die athlete hims elf. In the 
end. however, the true experi- 
ence and t in self-knowledge 
that goes with it belongs to the 

runner and to him alone. This 
still leaves us with one unan- 
swered crucial question. Was it 
ultimately the mind that made 
success possible, or was ft the 
body that allowed the mind to 
be successful?” 

Many academics at both 
Oxford and Cambridge are 
alarmed by the trend of the 
past 30 years — accelerated by 
the competition for places, 
including the increased female 
intake, and reduced government 
expenditure - in which any- 
thing less than three A grades 
excludes a pnpO, no matter that 
they may have conspicuous 
sporting excellence. Several of 
the sLx graduate colleges at 
Oxford, in contrast take ac- 
count of sporting and other 
achievements for admission, 
while tbe notable success In 
many walks of life by overseas 
Rhodes scholars is continuing 
proof of a positive relevance of 
sporting ability. 

Statistical analysis of gradu- 
ates over the years dem- 
onstrates unmistakably, given 
equal academic status, the 
ability of those who are sports 
orientated io organize them- 
selves, and others, efficiently. A 
first-class degree does not 
necessarily make a first-class 
business or industrial mind, 
though academic excellence at 
university tends to be more 
faithfully reflected In achieve- 
ment in the profession. Cam- 
bridge at (bis moment has an 
ad hoc committee investigating 
the matter of admissions, with 
an emphasis not unconnected 
with protection of die first-class 
fixture status of Oxbridge in 
cricket. As Peter Coe, father 
and coach to Sebastian and a 
retired production engineer, 
observes: “Excellence in any- 
one area has a liberating effect 
on others.” 

The role of the coach fa 
essentially to discover what 
motivates the competitor, which 
varies hugely, and with feVany 
response to exhortation. 

H emery vividly recalls his 
experience of first working with 
an American coach the year 
before the Olympic Games in 
Mexico, when one day a storm 
seemed to have wiped out any 
possibility of outdoor work. Yet 
when H emery suggested a day 
oft tbe coach merely said: 
“The road to Mexico is out 
there”, and in driving wind and 
rain stood for an hour taking 
Hemery’s split times. He 
achieved, in that hoar, the 
absolute confidence of the 
athlete in the coach. 

Yet for H emery and Coe, and 
for any other gold medal 
winner, all the qualities of 
technique and fitness, which 
can be tanght. are worthless, as 

Topolski said, witboat fire in 
the belly, “the wild card, which 
cannot be created”. 

It was Coe who came closest 
to an abstract analysis of 
motivation and the extent to 
which there should be an 
attempt to see it as a reaction 
to measurable objectives rather 
than as jingoistic catch 

O Sports psychology makes 
many assumptions. For the 
elite athlete and coach, whose 
application of science is likely 
to be physiology or 
biomechanics, to accept such 
assumptions is difficult. 

9 Sports psychologists should 
concern themselves not with 
looking at tbe force of motiva- 
tion but showing the strength of 
the drive created by- tbe motive. 
9 The weakness of popular 
theories of motivation is that no 
serious attempt has been made 
to bring out from the shadows 
an athlete's training mid place 
it on an equal footing with 


• Motivation centres on the 
fine fine between success and 
failure, but any reasonable 

coach knows that if the 
performance is measured solely 
in terms of winning or losim* 
then little can be learned froii 

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Women’s AAA pull off Lamboum’s winning family double 

royal coup — with an ». w 
Olympic Games omen 83?SSS£ 

w The well keoi drive is flanked 

By Pat Botcher, Athletics Correspondent 

The Women’s AAA whose enjoys with the Palace. But year, when Miss BudcTs 
low-key annual champion- the ran that these champion- presence caused all but the 
ships are a traditional loss- ships, sponsored by the home straight stand to be 
maker on the new calendar of Trustee Savings Bank, are at dosed in order to avoid 
professional athletics spectac- Alexander Stadium in Bir- demonstrations against the 
uiars, have securedihe par- mingham will not be lost on former South African athlete, 
ticipation of one of the few the locals. For Princess Anne Unless injured. Miss 
women who can upstage Zola is president of the British Budd's participation is also 

professional athletics spectac- .Alexander Su 
uiars. have secured ihe par- mingham will 
ticipation of one of the few the locals. For 
women who can upstage Zola is president < 
Budd, namely Princess Anne. Olympic Asso 
Her presence at this year's Birmingham b 
championships on June 6/7 is Olympic Garni 
due to a personal relationship strength daily, 
that the W AAA's honorary It will also 
secretary. Marea Hartman, athletics autho 

lilt Mil The immaculate appear- 

ance of Rhonehursi and its 
adjacent stables proclaim to 
ATI the outside world that Oliver 
% 111 1 11 , 11 Sherwood means business. 

The well kept drive is flanked 
*t by freshly painted white 

w hfn Miss Budd's railings as you drive post the 

resence caused all but the houi P 

ame straight stand to be JJjTj 31 ) JSSJU* su 2l 
os ed in order to avoid Upper 
jmonstrations against the ey F u iv e 

former South African athlete. ^ f Pf? C J]*, S UJjk Jl 

Unless iniur^d Miss Wilwyn snd Fred Winter arc 

BtSd-s ^artSSSm 5 bu - 1 S° of ^ “ ew 1 .^ ,n | r 5 

« m;« neighbours, and a little fur- 

artman S, sS«l^ »P ’ :hc „SS 

rday: “Any athlete wishing j!* J** f t° me h ^3 r 

compete in the Common- th® i!St K H5fafwisL 

eallh Games has to com- 

te in our championships." MMnShr^iJi^irnrtlS 

TSB are increasing their 

Olympic Association, whose assured, since, as Miss ‘ » n Io>Wv 
Birmingham bid for the 1992 Hartman stolidly stated yes- “L h™ iS 

Olympic Games is gathering terday: “Any athlete wishing JJf* J 1 * nome or jenny 

strengih daily. to compete In the Common- Shi i^TuLdi 

It will also mean that the wealth Games has to com- -JJjJJ 1 

athletics authorities are fully pete in our championships." ™ 

back in favour in official TSB are increasing their ^1 !££S?V£m rE>' 

circles. After the 1980 Olym- sponsorship package this year ,kS kS 

pic Games, the hesitation by about 15 per cent to J5 a 3. h 5fiLl5f , ^&S 

pic Games, the hesitation by about 15 per cent to 
over honours to British gold £35.000. and are delighted 
medal winners, and the with the Princess's decision! 
absence of royalty from the to attend. The extra money 
AAA Centenary Champion- in the package will go 
ships hinted at censure of the towards paying expenses lor 
radical stance that athletics all athletes — seniors, juniors 

ners to have had their final 
gallop on the downs above^ 
the village. 

Brisk, alert and courteous.. 

had taken in the decision to and intermediates. 

to attend. The extra money ™ 

in the package will go 2*. ^ 

towards paying expenses for ^L I Sh £^^ d ' h * 1 p 222Jv r °i? 
all athletes - seniors, juniors Esx ^ farmer._ has ^spem 12 

Moscow after 

The WAAA allocation fori 

)v eminent had called for a the Commonwealth Games 


. The security at Alexande 

v£t3* Stadium will evidently hav 

Budd: participation assured to be far more even than las 


Threadbare Faldo lo 

for Britain Wa > ^ 

By A thole Still American courses span a 

There are no late changes in spectacular spectrum from the 
(he 22 British summers, ten 6"-?" splendours of Pinehurst 
from England's Yorkshire Augusta National Golf 

Bank sport and 12 Scots. "bo Club to the clones of 

will participate in the three-day Cypress Point and Waialae. but 
Arena Festival, which opens in « « c™" n ° PuW«c 
Bonn this evening. They will courses in the USA give more 
find the qualify of competition pleasure to dub player and 
notably higher than in the three Professional alike than the 
recent meetings in Amersfoort. " orth an< * south links ofTorrey 
Paris and Strasbourg, with 32 ft"** L where the San Diego 
countries represented here and °Pf n ® e 8 an yesterday, 
free Olympic and ten European _ B^rnhairi Longer and Ken 
champions already warming-up Brown. have both made 

has also been increased ihisj 

The security at Alexander year to 50. This is in view of 
Stadium will evidently have the continuing success of the 
to be far more even than last sport at international level. 


Faldo looks for a 
way back to top 

years grooming himself for 
his trade. His right-hand man 
is his brother. Simon, cham- 
pion amateur rider in the 
past two seasons and now 
duelling with Peter 


Oppidan (right), seen here challenging Midnight Const, is earmarked for Cheltenham’s festival meeting 

programme of hunter-chases. 
Both brothers went to 

Scudamore and Steve Smith- school at Radley. Oliver is 
Eccles in the race for the perhaps the more fanatical 
professional jockeys' title. sportsman of the pair. “I've 
They make a formidable got to be really sick,” he went 
combination. Oliver himself on, "as 1 only got one O 
rode 90 winners during his 10 leveL But seriously I was too 
years with Arthur Moore and busy with my sport. I was in 

Winter. "I suppose the high- 
lights were winning the Sun 
Alliance on Venture To 

the rugger 15 for three yeans 
and was also mad on cricket, 
rackets and athletics." At one 

chief contact. He found The on as long as Tm enjoying on Jimmy. He c 
Breener for me,”tbe trainer it." horse, 

said. Simon shares a house at After a good s 

The brother's parents had East Gareton, about four season, the sable 
parted when the boys were miles from Lam bo urn. with rather quiet reccm 
still young. “Mother moved Mark Bradstock, Fulke part of the cant 
to Warwickshire and became WaJwyn's assistant and Sarah went on, "it’s a I* 
friendly with John and Wen- Lawrence, John Oaksey's and if yon want 
dy Thorne so when I heard daughter. horse fresh fro* C 

that Nicky Henderson was The Breener gave Oliver you've got to grt 
going to many their da ugh- Sherwood his first ever wm- break in January.’ 

enjoying on Jimmy. He is a decent 

house at After a good aart to the 
wt four season, the sable has been 
irn. with rather quiet recently. “It’s a8 
Fulke part of the campaign.” he 
nd Sarah went on, “it's a tong season 
Oaksey's and if you want to have a 
horse fresh far Cheltenham, 

ter. Diana, and set up on bis 

Cognac. And I also landed point he even considered a own, 1 started to pester him 

Paris and Strasbourg, with 32 g"** t where the San Diego 
conn tries represented here and began yesterday, 

fire Olympic and ten European Bernhard Langer and Ken 
champions already warming-up Brown : "h® have both made 
in the Frankenbad short-course exceptional starts to their 1986 
complex. campaigns, and Nick Faldo. 

i MwM-b°ii5<. City of overcome his difficulties wiih a 

?c P ^ swing which produced horrible 
,?SSflL “ JS **>«* of 79 and 78 at Pebble 
Beach last week, join battle 
fL ^ lh lhc ,ikes of Tom Watson 

™mitfrp 0 fhk and Sen Crenshaw on this 


British contingent with a fairly worid" ^ ° f 

From John Balkntiue, La Jolla 

urses span a ter sheen of the Pacific Ocean 
■drum from the lying beneath the 800ft high 
irs of Pinehurst cliffs. 

National Golf h , s a sight which makes 
many professionals lay down 
nd Waialae. but ^ dubs and press men their 
"9_P uWlc pens while the shop windows 
i w P V 1 raor 5 here are full of childrens pastel 
,“P. p, . a h ^T ^2“ drawings proclaiming "SAVE 
k *“ the OUR WHALES", 

i links of Toney _ _ .. . 

!he San Diem h» Faldo s case it is more a 

the treble of the Cheltenham 
and Liverpool Foxhuoters 
and the Horse and Hound 
Cup at Stratford on Rolls 
Rambler.” Like bis brother, 
Sherwood senior was also 
champion amateur in the 
1978-79 season. 

The story of Venture To 
Cognac's racing career has 
run parallel with that of the 

career in soccer, but the idea 
was knocked on the bead by 
Michael Glickstein. the chair- 
man of Chariton Athletic 
who told him that “the 
chance of a public schoolboy 

to recommend me as his 
replacement as assistant to 
Fred. I went there quaking 
with fright, but luridly we hit 
it off from the word go. It 
was the year Midnight Court 

The Breener gave Oliver you've got to give them a 
Sherwood his first ever win- break in January.** 
ner as a trainer at Newbury Muqadar and Oppidan are 
in November, 1984. After two of the stable probables 
two further victorys on the for the big meeting. Unfofto- 

same track he then finished natdy. Drive on Jimmy 
third to Harry Hastings in injured hhnretf when 

a living in league won the Gold Cup.” 

football is about 100-1.” 

Afte leaving school he 
spent a year in Australia, six 
months with his father, who 

m Faldos case it is more a fom Ireland when I joined 

result of changes made during a . m 3 novi 5 e 

recent lessons from the Florida hurdle over there, or he 

trainer. "I bought him over at that time was training a 
from Ireland when I joined few horses under permit on a 
Fred. Luckily we'd been form be had bought near 

About his six years with 
the eight times champion 
trainer Sherwood says sim- 
ply: “I owe everything to 

the Waterford Crystal So- behind Bolands Cross at 
_ ‘ , , Ascot on Wednesday and a 

Bleak outlook now out of acdoiL 

„ . . The trainer » well aware 

There wfll be no reang in ^ ^ b<. W brother 
Britain today and the prospects rl . . ”7 

for a resumption tomorrow look cqme firim what most people 
bleak. Today's planned wiH call a privileged back- 

fixtures^ Newbury, Ayr and ground, fve been very lucky 

Fred. And also to. Arthur and SedgefieJd have bees lost due to to have had so much help,** 

result of changes made during beaten 3 bead ,n 3 novice Banbury and then about the 
recent lessons from the Florida hurdle over there, or he same time wiih Gavin Pritch- 
coach David Leadbetter. This wouldn’t have qualified for ard-Gordon at NewmariceL 
“guru’s" ideas lie in the regions the Sun Alliance.” Sherwood “Gavin's wife, CoraL then 
of flatter ares and a quicker said. Now !3-years-old this recommended me to .Arthur 
cocking of wnsts on the high-class animal has never Moore. I spent four years 
him Ch apSar F f?te quite folfilled his eariy poten- over there and haddll 
SStehtoTmS? “4 .due to a vanety of greatest fon. I was a sort of 
not uusound ideas certainly but training problems. But two glorified head lad, box driver 

case make turn appear to be 
snatching away the club head: 
not unsound ideas certainly but 

threadbare look. Nevertheless, 

Marie Foster, Millfield. the «w | of 

jotnw freestyle spriat sttr has I “J. J 0 -* . 0* 


already show outstanduiR form "OFfE 

in 1986 aad will be lo oking for "Sa^t^or 0 ^ 

SSSnSTSSSn California lo breed and their 

be S£2S spumes often ***** the 

mi to figure prominently in the da mi 

long medley and butterfly HAUIV1 

events. “ " 

The Scots are expected to Urtll “ 

continue their impressive over- M Si I I M ilfj 

all improvement, although their J 

efforts are targetted on mt- ___ ___ _ j.1 

ashamedly at the Common- v$|lllP 1T1 T 

wealth Gaines in July. “Last gWlllV MMM CJ 

y«r .« coaa to Boon for B y A Special I 

expenence. says national coa- ' 

ch Hamilton Smith, “and this The final of the Caiisberg 
year we go for performance. English national champion- 
The final phase is achievement ships — in which Darren Hall 
and that we hope for this saved a match point to beat 
summer". Steve Butler — was such a good 

The legendary Russian, vehicle for yesterday's Channel 
Vladimir Salnikov, continues ** television coverage that the 
his comeback trail after a year- entrepreneurs immediately an- 
long lay-off due to illness and nounttd further plans, 
be will clash with Michael Walker International, the 
Gross in one or other of the promotions and management 
longer freestyle events. The 25 company which has signed Hall 
metre coarse will probably and Butler as well as 10 other 
favour the West German leading British players this 
enough to give him the edge, season, promising to boost 
However, the highlight of the incomes and television expo- 
meeting coaid well be the mens sure, have now signed two 
backstroke event where A men- more. 

on Rick Carey, the doable Thev are Andy Goode and 
Oly mpic c hampion, meets re- Gillian Gowers, two of 
oetf world record breaker Igor England's leading doubles play- 
Soviet Union e tv Both should shortly enjoy a 
and Dirk Richter of East rise in earnings as doubles 
Germany. events have been added to the 

ones not suitable for every season ago he beat Spartan 
player and dearly giving Faldo Missile easily in the Chelten- 
somc difficulties. ham Foxhunters and is now 

Why does he not go back to hack in training for a nothe r 
the swing that won him so 
many titles? you might reason- 
ably ask, but it is not easy to 
reverse course even if you can 

remember exactly what you did . • 

before. ‘ ^ st \R' ^,1 Jfc 

and everything. We're still 
the greatest friends. Arthur is 
godfather to my 1 8-month- 

my father." 

And what better school- 
master could a prospective 
trainer have had than the 
gruff and kindly Winter, 
whose baric is so much worse 
than his bite. 

“The derision to set up on 
his own was taken early in 
1984. three years after he had 
married Winter’s daughter, 
Denise. Fired just looked at 
me one day and said, 'Isn't it 
about rime you started 


Hall and Butler put 
game in the picture 

By A Special Correspondent 

The final of the Caiisberg was the first time in this 
English national champion- country that the ingredients of 
ships — in which Darren Hall an unpredictable outcome, a 
saved a match point to beat crackling atmosphere and an 
Steve Butler — was such a good English winner had been pack- 
vehicle for yesterday's Channel aged together. 

4 television coverage that the It was the longest ever men's 
entrepreneurs immediately an- final — an hour and a half, 
nounced further plans. Hall, who wears an earring and 

Walker International, the sometimes a vague look, and is 
promotions and management known to waste opportunities 
companv which has signed Hall brilliantly created, once again 
and Butler as well as 10 other suggested he is perhaps the 
leading British players this country's most able player. He 
season, promising to boost al so > became the youngest 
incomes and television expo- men’s national champion in 
sure, have now signed two what was almost certainly the 
more. most exciting final ever. 

They are Andy Goode and We must wail » find out I 

old daughter and also my training?’ The idea both 

excited and frightened me, 
but I realised he was right.” 

After protracted negotia- 
tions a price was settled for 
Rhonehursi and it's 55 acres. 
“We started with nine horses 
but by the end of the season 
we bad 25. I've had fantastic 

heavy snow and frost. 

The Newbury stewards found 
the track unfit for raring 
yesterday because of “lying 
snow" and they win hold an 
inspection at 2.45 today to 
.determine the prospects for 
tomorrow's Schweppes 

At Ayr. frost is the probiem. 
Yesterday's card was called offi 
and with more frost forecast , 
the stewards will inspect at 

Cazterick’s dunces are de- 
scribed as “rem ot e." The 
inspection will take place at 
KLOOam, Uttoxeter report a 
dusting of snow. Stewards will 
inspect at 12 noon. 

T omor row ’ s' Irish meeting at 
Leopards town features the 
W ess el Cable Champion 
HnrdIe_And with no frost in the 
ground hopes are high that the 
meeting will go ahead. 

support, particularly from 

Fred’s owners. David Bott preme Novices’ Hurdle at 
sent me The Breener. When Cheltenham, 
the building work is finished Sadly, this promising 
I'll have room for 47 and young horse’s career ended 
that’s all I want.” with a fatal foil in the race 

Simon is 27 and came later won by Von Trappe at 
into racing. “The idea has Cheltenham in December, 

frost. Oliver says, “but the chance 

ewards found jj there I'm grw'ng to grab 
. ^ it with both hands. Btfl at the 

rtihoMf? raomou I'm onjy a little fish 
15 today to ,n a big pond. . 
respects for Simon ts also enjoying life 
Schweppes to the fhlL “Luckily I got a 
good start to the season with 
the problem- both John Jenkins and Oliver 
as called offi being in tremendous form. 

Things have been a bit quiet 
ms P ea ** lately, but they are Just 
ices are de- carting to warm up again.” 
note." The The phrase “to work hard 
ke place at and play hard” may well be a 
•x report a hackneyed expression but it 
towards wiH certainly a p ples to foe Sher- 
. wood brothers. Both men are 
i meeting at iQQ&Qg forward with relish to 

Champion fio* fortnight in June, 
i frost in the “David Nicholson is taking a 
ligfa that the racing cricket eleven over to 
bead. Kenya and both Simon and 1 
— ■■ ■ are going. Two years ago we 
Hurdle at went to Barbados. There will 
be 25 in the party, 14 players 
promising and their wives and 
reer ended girlfriends. We’ve got five 
n the race matches arranged, two safaris 
f nappe at and a day’s racing in Nairobi, 

into racing. “The idea has Cheltenham in December, all by courtesy of the Kenya 

always been for me to take after a spectacular first ap- Jockey Club, 

over father's form in Essex,” pearance over fences at i. certainly nonen to he 

he raid. “£ve spent four years Newbury the previous airiteTSS^. 

at Cirencester and got my month, 
two diplomas. But at the end “Mr Bol 

two diplomas. But at the end “Mr Bott was marvellous,” 
of last season the stewards the trainer continued, “that 
told me that I would have to happened on the Friday and 

Gillian Gowers. 

D f how the punters view it. 

England's leading doubles play- ?*P re ®fP ta * , , ves of . 
ers. Both should shortly enjoy a see ’’*V * ,ttle 

rise in earnings as doubles < * oubL Th*^ expect to an- 
events have been added to the n ° unct i yet more signings and 

The Sherwood brothers, Oliver (left) and Simon 


Australians are 
the favourites 

From Barry PickthalL Fremantle 

turn professional if I wanted on Saturday he was negotiat- m >r» n. • n . 

to go on. So I did and will go ing in Ireland to buy Drive JWlCIHtel Seely 

Call for a Ueberroth to give 
the game a ‘super’ future 

It certainly promises to be 
quite a party, with such fun- 
loving jockeys as Steve Smith 
Eccles and Graham Bradley 
already booked for foe team 
as wdL 

circuit's other developments. These will | _ Australia II and her larger arc Chris Law as helmsman. 

points table for the first time. ‘J 0 doubt have foe Badminton 

^ , ■ Association of England, which 

° 00 f r b 1 l 1“^ m performed a near miracle in 
national^ finals two years ago. transforming the national 

*S2S ^° W J^^ ni ?^ Sed « m f QY r championships, casting its eyes 
people by rraehmg foe final of anxiously about, hoping that 

&5HV Sh « Al ^ ay5M3StCTS i n conflict is not waiting to 
Ociober In foe process she ambush it 

Bu.. i ftni i y an d ““!!P ,oa ’ The future for Hall, aged 20, 
Jg*“ I™ ke ‘ " ho , on and Butler. 22. looks bright 

day night won her first national They arc popular with the 


a priority 

tkc VTTl'Z • ^p.nTuS p ss^“u,s; 

The AU England Women s holder. Fiona Elltou. for foe n0 t only becauseof foe 
Lacrosse Association's need loss of only six points. improving quality of their play. 

ov *L^ P 351 r fw yeara for Hall s win by 15-5. 9-15. 18- which has put them on a par 
increased . promotion of their 17. over Butler an hour or so win, F„ebm<rs mm tmvmnfceri 

sister Australia III. the two 


. -i with England's two top-ranked 

game has become a top priority before should have convinced players. Steve Bad de ley and 
since the Sports Council dou- people, if anything is ever f^ck Yates, but because they 
Wed their grant last November, going to. foat (his sport can have personality. Expect to 
First step in foe endeavour make enjoyable television. It hear more of them 

came this week with the 
appointment of Janet O’Neill 
as the All England Develop- 
ment Officer. Mrs O'Neill 
leaves her job as a City 
Reinsurance Claims Brokers 
this month to go out into the 
territories of women's Lacrosse 
to develop interest and aware- 
ness of foe exciting and fast 
moving game which has been 
played in Britain for over -100 
years. It is a unique game 


Unbeaten Spark are 
out on their own 

By Paul Harrison 

With the demise of Hilling- nenL V 



tm ■ at 













■ be 










■ B 

















played with a solid rubber ball don Ladies as a competitive 
propelled at great velocity force. Spark have established 
through foe air from a net themselves as the new force in 
secured to the top of a hickory the Royal Bank women's 
(or plastic) stick. league in England. Their cur- 

_ . , . _ rent dominance of the scene 

Schools are the nurseries for was emphasized at the weekend 
lacrosse but there has been with a 3-0 defeat of Ashcombe. 
some decline of enthusiasm in their nearest rivals. 

«cent years. The interest is to Spark are undefeated in foe 
be rekindled to build up the league and have also reached 
span from its present sound the quarter-finals of the Royal 
*•**«■ .. _ „ _ , . Bank Cup. How much their 

President of foe All England renaissance owes to 
A ^ s P c L a .V, ofl . Maurecn Batson Hillingdon's absence from the 
said: We have up to -0.000 English scene will now never 
student participants and we be known. 

want the majority of them to “Wt are very disappointed 
continue in foe sport in dubs, that Hillingdon arc not there 
counties and tern tones." this season." Martin Bart, foe 

It is a difficult game to Spark coach, said. “It would 
pro mote in areas such as have been a very good thing for 
Humberside. Devon and Com- English volleyball if they had 
wall. North East and North been there, and it would have 
West and pans of Kent where been very interesting for us to 

nenL What was the most chami 
potent force in the game, with an q j. 
a string of league and cup titles course 
behind them, now merely j n 
coaches one day a week at a has at 
youth club in north London. t he ]j 
Ann Jarvis. England's most metre 
capped player, now plays for series. 
Ashcombe and Audrey Cooper. The 
the Scottish international set- -f ran , 
ter. makes forays north of the bv In 
border to play for Team in ihi 
Scottish Farm. metre 

Chris Hazell. once foe most not ex 
feared of attackers, has retired, and ai 
disillusioned, from competitive the u 
play. It is a sad end for a team before 
which once held English volley- two 1 
ball in foe palm of its hand, here r 

The mantle has fallen on r ,Tl! e 
Spark, with three current En- z, “ „ 
gland internationals in Yvonne Klv £ 
Kelly. Mandy Brine and Sandy 

Alan Bond sydicate America’s mainshcet. Craig Nutter at the 
Cup contenders start as joint bow, David Woollier as trim- 
favourites to win foe 12 metre mer. four of the yacht's original 
World championship which French crew and Canadian Eric 
gets under way off Freeman tie Jesper. 

today. The group may be short on 

Not only are these two Ben practice, sails and stability 
Lexcen designs competing on upwind in strong conditions 
their own waters but the two (the boat is one of only three 
crews have shown during last 12 metres not to be fitted with 
Sunday's practice race that they a wing keel) but one asset 
are quite prepared to race as a striking fear in other crews is 
team to squeeze out foe Cudtn ore’s awesome reputation 
competition - in particular of coming out tap tn tight 
America II, the 12 metre situations. A winner of ten 
representing the New York international match raring li- 
Yacht Club. ties, he is a master at race starts 

Such tactics are against the and mark rounding maooeu- 
rules but are very hard to vres, and as one Australian 
prove, so foe pressure will be crewman who has sailed 
on American skipper John against him before put it- 
Kolius. who came so dose to “Who wants a fierce com pet- 
defeating Denis Conner for the itor like Harry bearing down 
right to defend foe America's on them in someone rise's boat 
Cup three veal's ago, to outwit Raring Tor foe first time 
and outsail his Australian together las t S unda y, this 
rivals. scratch crew finished a sixth 

unlike the America s Cup after protests dismissed the 
which is decided over a series first three yachts from the 
of match races between two leader board, and if they can 
boats, the 12 metre World keep clear of the protest room 

championship is a fleet event themselves, they should pul np 
and being held on the same g creditable performance . 
course foat will settle ihe Cup Other yachts expected to 
m 12 months time, foe event shine include foe Gucci b acke d 
has attracted M entries - by hr Italia with Rod Davis, skipper 
the largest collection of 12 of the American backed Eagle 
metres ever to gather such a syndicate acting as tactician, 
senes. . New Zealand's glass fibre 

The British, or rather constructed KZ5 skippered by 
“FTangJats" challenge is headed Chris Dickson and the re- 
by Irishman Harold Cud more rigged French Kiss steered by 
in the ^borrowed French 12 Marc Pa jot which built up a 
metre Challenge 12. They are nine minute lead over the fleet 

Kf foe product you are setting 
has suddenly become 
unsellable, then yoa call in the 
comm erc ia l man's equivalent of 
the Fifth Cavalry, Saatchi & 
S sat chi. The advertising 
agency’s record of setting the 
unsellable is, after ail, second 
to none. Not that they pot it 
qnte Eke that. 

Football is becoming increas- 
ingly unsaleable. True, profit is 
not the sole aha of foe game, 
bat professional sport really 
should work from a base of 
financial viability. Neither 
Liverpool nor Hardepoo) merit 
charitable status. But football 
dabs owe an estimated £30 
mfltion to the banks; perhaps 
half a dozen dabs are in profit; 
annual admissions have fallen 
from 30 miltinn in foe I ate 
Sixties to less than 18 mfllioo 
now. Football operates on foe 
money of foe Eighties with the 
expectations of foe Sixties. 

Trumpetings of 
the moguls 

Furthermore, the game has 
never been held in greater 
loathing and contempt- The 
horrors of foe sprmg, fallowed 
by tbe self-interested 
trampetiags of football moguls 



find om what it is foe consmner 
wants," he said. “But with 
football, nobody knows. There 
has been no complete recent 
survey. Football neither knows 
why people do not go to 
matches, nor why they do. The 
sport doesn't know what the 
c o nsum e r wants or how to set 
about providing it” 

But even without sheaves of 
statistics, SaalchTs have some 
answers. Shooting from foe hip 
and looking at tbe game with 
foe hard eyes of the marketing 
man, they have some tough 
suggestions to put forward. 
After aft, Peter Ueberroth, 
sport's marketing wan su- 
preme, tamed the Olympic 
Games from mUid^M to 

The key phrase - SaatchTs 
are hot on key phrases — » 
"foe event-like nature of 
football". Arsenal » Spars and 
Spars v Manchester United aye 
events of national si gw ifir um y. 
Spars v West Bran is not. 
an less it is in foe FA Cap. On 
foe other ■ band, Exeter * 
Plymouth is aa event of local 

At foe bottom level of foe 
League, he said that 
regional rouioa wag foe answe r , 
following the p a ttern of tits- 
ally afl major Enropean na- 
tions. He fan various possible 
formats Ear nirtnagllriflna. 
which coald ladade b ri a giaa in 
the Gobi Le a gue dobs. Di- 
vishms would be of end 
states, smaller and locaL The 
a™ « to ton the Foofoafl 
Lea»« from a ladder fade a 
pyramid: a pyramid vrffo s very 
broad base. “ParodtiaUsm 
nmst be tbe ndsom tTitrr of foe 
lower dhisiens,” Fyan aahL 

The natural extension of tUs 
is for foe regional wfoaers to 
Pfoy off, and the evtntaal 
Winner to move into the 
national second dfvMon. Bat 
adnmm Into foe top section 
or the pyramid, foe taper 
jf g * fesett. would not be 
dependent on foe simple wto- 
mag of an am ml competition. 

In troth, the saper kagneis 
trendy with es. It has been 
here ever since home dabs 
stoned *o keep thefr own gate 
nscefom. Teterisfea strengthens 
rate by coacemnting an events 
of national d p ris mw- tw h. 
—tehee between the re named 

throughout foe country, have S? dfica P ce wbile <*ra««th v 
seen to that, ft e. uaqnesthm- Wigan has neither local nor 
ably, time to cafl foe cavalry. “S3?* 1 «smfleam*- 
Saatcbi A Saatchi became "There are too many apart- 
involved in football by acqnir- 0,8 .matches and too many 
tag Spars as a client; a day spui ton* competitions," said 

not expected to be frontrunners during a race eleven days 

and are using the senes to test only to be robbed a win on 

the waters and competition last leg when her mast crashed 
before Crusader, the first of This latest Briand design 
two British Twelves arrives which is as distinctively French 
here next month. looking as a De Cbeveaux 

The Royal Thames Yacht (small Citroen) . tan into 
Club syndicate had not trouble with tbe organisers 
planned to compete at all. but over its name which others 
the laie withdrawal of the have suggested represents the 
Marseille syndicale through direct link with the Kis Gr 

ably, time to caO tbe cavalry. 

Saatchi A Saatchi became 
involved in football by acqoir- 
iag Spars as a client a tiny 
account, actually, tboagfa it has 
been marveUons PR- Later, foe 
agency advised tbe Football 
League in their negotiations 
with televisioa. And in recent 
weeks Irving Scholar, the 
Spnrs chairman, asked 
Soatcbi's to take a look at 
football's probl ems , and think 
about some answers. 

Alex Fynn, a Saatchi* s direc- 
tor, was In charge of the 
operation. Conclusions have 
been reached with foe kind of 
financial rethtessness and lack 

The balance 
of power 

Fym*. “The Leagne is ^ £5? Sh* 

portant. and foe FA Cop b 535 teSt 

without. But football's fi. ^ -j -■ — 

££L“S5S d 3 1 23!£ rjsrSES 

from the hooligans fWBontftto SSJ 51 i" 

for the notion of a saper feagae? 

They recommend a kagaeofiO -- t yi * 

2?t sz******** 

SSJFoSaa ^L T “£»«■;» "««** * 

America. Orta woifgre to Fy " a . 

meet nqunmts of gnrnnd n "V t avt ^ tr 

capacity and safety, foSy WlSfoaJ "fo^"^ 

I djrttt more shared ter 
If foo weak dda wish 


► bm dliUluai fnfl 

there is little or no interest. 
The successfol experiment 

Lister. Central to their emer- 
gence has been the return lo 

direct link with the Kis Group j of sentiment yoa would expect 

.i.:. ■ I nttiwTr Ia mrioJirin 

see who was the stronger." 

It now seems likely that 

j n ^ Hillingdon will not grace En- 

CroKCnit^M well be one of the glish volleyball again. Plans to 
answers. It is a game wuh a play in European tournaments 

regular play of Sylvia George, a 
former intenjational setter who 
usftj 10 play (or Hillingdon. 

Site cave up the game to start navigator on board, offered to 
a family but has now become a contribute the cost of the 
Spark’s success, charter, Cudmorc jumped at 
“She has matte all the dif- fog opportunity, 
terence to us. Ban says. Joining these two on the bbal 

h minimum of rule that can be hk ve 3 out for the 

;] # jS- tTSS"— wi,h 5S Z 

P j*** 4 a rew Players. crowded season on the Conli- 

sponsonng this challenge. rootnau neei 

However, the international *•“» •* P»rt « 
Jury took just ten minutes moastry, 
yesterday lo decide that the b®* **“ “Pi 
name did not contravene Rule ***** }' e 
26 governing commercialism - foe fcjgu ties. 
a controversial ruling that has c0 5?”? er . Rrst * 
now prompted other syndicates {•“* 
io reconsider the names of “™g* 
their yachts ! \ « with a 

“Football needs to redefine 
Itself as part of foe entertain- 
ment industry." Fynn said. "So 
bow con yon upgrade football to 
make it tbe entertainment of 
foe Eighties? By potting foe 

Ueberroth is a 

• bm Jtjjhw fofl 
■ reimra a 75 per cent 

ragrt forooghL How- 
i^mgdy not staad 
■mover. Tin nffl not 


* Wft l te to their 

need* a 
Fynn said. 

That is a marketi n g man matjr . .. ... 

"2“ elemeat of fear frtSTSte 

mast do with any product b to /game." 

and so on. The saper leasme ! ^$**“*7 ^ 

wmtid operate wfthovt aot£. SnS'liSif* 1 "* *° 

wewa operate wuhovt ante- restore "" 

antic relegation, and remove oZ?* ™ ll fwl sens* to foe 
Hu> Wld ODjcklv. "Wh*f 

qnidtly. "What 
football needs," Fymt said, “fe 
not evolution bm revolntumJT 

L »> lxS£> , 

m’ 0 

: Mri- i N 

>J«i< . « ~ > ' - ■ 

> > • . 

>• r . i v : ‘ ■ % 

* • k, » 1 % 1 v 


*■* * i l f 

1 1 frJVi «> i*S£> I 

jgw Report February 7 1986 House of Lords 

Pamly in one room not homeless 

lHh UMfcS bKlUAX hfcSKUAKY 7 iy«o 


Motoring by Clifford Webb 

a»«*ii , S53f ,, & u Ss 

Pj™ kHdKenh of KmkeL 
Roskfll. Lord Brandon 
of Oakbrook, JLord 
and Lord Mackay 


[Sgoches soU February Q 
Hm Ac ??J““o?«ion” in seer 
SLW ofcte Housing 
(Homeless Piersons) Act 1977 

Jj® [■? 111630 “appropriate" 

non tan roerdy accoxnmoda- 

bathrooms in the guest bouse 
Icht some 36 people. The 
appiiegais m consequence 
ft* p ear out (save for 
breakfest which was provid- 
ed) and to wash their own 

that had come into operation 
in. England and Wales only 
four months, and in Scotland 
only seven months, after it 
had been passed (section 21 ): 
not sufficient time to enable 

Lancia looks set for a comeback 

it was incapable of accommo- 
dating the applicant together 
with other persons who 
normally resided with him as 
members of his family, then 
on the facts of such a case the 

and the rhiM- jTv Xil:- - % =«**«•««« GimvK on me tacts or suen a case me 

afaundS^ doliun8 81 a l0 ? autl ?onty w achieve applicant would be homeless 

wunucrciie. anw nrnmntir mpmiv in iic i l. r j u 

fhetr submission was that 
did not have 
Accommodation" within the 
meaning of the Act and was 
therefore "homeless" if he 
occupied premises that either 

twn that could beproperiy be not . lar 8£ enough to 

wmnary meaning of the 

ly. the applicants. livim» uniii 

applicants, living with 
two young children in one 
room in a guest house, were 
not homeless within the 
meaning of the Act 
Judicial review should not 
be used to monitor the 
actions of local housing 
authorities under the Act 
save m the exceptional case. 

The House of Lords so 
held, dramming an appeal by 
the applicants, Mr Ricky 

\ £“5H!T r Mr* Angela 
Puhlhofer, from the decision 
of the Cburt of Appeal (Lord 
Juaice Ackner, Lord Justice 
Slade and Lord Justice 
GlidewdI) (The Times Au- 
gust. 17,1985) reversing Mr 
Justice Hodgson, who had 
granted the applicants judi- 
cial review of the decision of 
the Hillingdon London Bor- 
ough Council that the appli- 
cants were not homeless or 
threatened with home- 

Mr James Goudie, QC, Mr 
David Watldnson and Mr 
Robin Allen for the appli- 
cants; Mr Konrad 
Schiemann, QC and Mr 
Robin Barra tt for the council. 

v that the 1977 Act had 
generated a mass of litigation, 
at the receiving end of which 
were local authorities 
endeavouring to cope with 
intractable bousing problems, 
and to balance competing 1 
claims to limited housing 

Section 1(1) of the Act 

or lacked the basic amenities 
of family life; such basic 
amenities should include not 
only sleeping but also cook- 
washing and eating 
facilities. 6 

. if the premises were defi- 
cient in any of those respects, 
they were not accommoda- 
tion. The local authority had 
. to take into account the size 
of the family and whether the 
premises were capable of 
being regarded as a “home" 
for that family. Put shortly, 
“accommodation" had to 
provide the ordinary facilities 
of a residence. 

Therefore, they argued, no 
local authority properly di- 
recting itself could have 
formed the view tha t the 
room allotted to the appli- 
cants at the guest bouse was 
"accommodation" within the 
meaning of section 1, at least 
after the child of the marriage 
had been born in April 1984, 
because it had then bean 
overcrowded in the statutory 
sense and had lacked both 
exclusive and communal fa- 
cilities for cooking and 
clothes- washing. 

Mr Justice ■ Hodgson, re- 
flecting the observations of 
the Cburt of Appeal in R v 
Wyre Borough Council, Ex 
pane Parr ( The Times, Feb- 
ruary 4, 1982; [1983] 2 HLR 
71), had concluded: "The 
accommodation in this case 
is so inappropriate . . . 
particularly in respect of 
overcrowding ... that no 
reasonable local authority 
properly directing itself . . . 
could come to the conclusion 

any dramatic increase in its 
available housing stock. 

It was intended to provide 
for the homeless a lifeline of 
last resort, not to enable 
them to make jmoads into 
the local authority's waiting 
list of apjpHcams for housing. 

Some inroads there proba- 
bly were bound to be. but in 
the end the local authority 
would have to balance the 
priority needs of the home- 
less on the one hand and the 
legitimate aspirations of 
those on their housing wait- 
ing list on the other. 

In that situation. Parlia- 
ment plainly, and wisely, had 
placed no qualifying adjective 
before the word “accom- 
modation" in section 1 or 
section 4 of the Act, and 
none was to be implied. 

The word “appropriate” or 
“reasonable" was not to be 
imported. Nor was accom- 
modation not accommoda- 
tion because it might in 
certain circumstances be un- 
fit for 

because he would have no 
accommodation in any rele- 
vant sense. 

In the instant case the good 
faith of the council was not 
in dispute. On the facts in 
evidence, it was plain that 
the council had been entitled 
to find that the applicants 
were not homeless for the 
purposes of the 1977 An 
because they had accommo- 
dation within the ordinary 
meaning of that expression. 

His Lordship was- troubled 
at the prolific use of judicial 
review for the purpose of 
challenging the performance 
by local authorities of their 
functions under the 1977 Act. 
Parliament had intended the 
local authority to be the 
judge of fact. 

Although the action or 
inaction of a local authority 
was clearly susceptible to 
judicial review where it had* 
misconstrued the Act, or 
abused its powers, or other- 
wise acted perversely, great 
restraint should "be exercised 

& jKS’° pro ” db * 

Hniicino Art 1057 n, JUuKHl rcVlcW. 

The plight of the homeless 

Housing Act 1957 or might 
involve overcrowding within 
the meaning of Part IV of 
that Act 

Those particular statutory 
criteria were not to be 
imported into the 1977 Act 
for any purpose. What was 
properly to be regarded as 
accommodation was a ques- 
tion of fact to be decided by 
the local authority. There 
wore no rules. 

-x- “a" miM i, . that ihis particular accommo- 

pro video: A person is ltome- dation was appropriate wiih- 
fea fm- the purposes of this s^on 

Several features of the 1977 
Act had to be borne in mind. 
Although it bore the word 
"Housing" in its short title, it 
was not an Act that imposed 
any duty ona local authority 
to house the homeless. As the 
king title indicated, its object 
was to make "further provi- 
sion as to the functions of 
local authorities with respect 
to persons who are homeless 
or threatened with home- 
lessness ..." 

It. was, an Act to assist. . 
persons who were homeless, 

Act if he has no accora- 
modation~.".“He" included 
any other person who nor- 
mally resided with him as a 
member of his family. 
“ Accom modation"was not 

At the date of their 
application for judicial re-, 
view the applicants had 
occupied one room at the 
guest house containing . a 
double and a single bed, a 
baby's cradle; a dressing 
table, a pram and a steriliser 
unit. Than were no' cooking 
or washing facilities in the 
room. There were three : 

Clearly some places m 
which a person might choose 
or be constrained to live 
could not properly be regard- 
ed as accommodation at all: 
it would be a misuse of 
language to describe Dioge- 
nes as having occupied ac- 
commodation within the 
meaning of the 1977 Acl 

What tiie local authority 
had to consider, in reaching a 
decision whether a person 
was homeless for the pur- 
poses of the 1977 Act, was 
whether he had what could 
property be- described as 
accommodation within the 
ordinary ~ meaning of that 
word in the English language. 

Although, however, the 
statutory definition of over- 
crowding in the 1957 Act had 
no relevance, accommoda- 
tion .must,, by definition,, be 
capable of accommodating. 
If, therefore, a place was 
properly capable of being 
regarded as accommodation 

not an Act to provide, them . from an objective standpoint 
with' homes. It was ah Act . but was so small a space that 

was a desperate one, and the 
plight of the applicants in the 
present case commanded the 
deepest sympathy, but it was 
not appropriate that the 
discretionary remedy of judi- 
cial review should be made 
use of to monitor the actions 
of local authorities under the 
Act save in the exceptional 

Where the existence or 
non-existence of a feet was 
left to the judgment and 
discretion of a public body 
and that feci involved a 
broad spectrum ranging from 
the obvious to the debatable 
to the just conceivable, it was 
the duty of the court to leave 
the decision of that feet to 
the public body save where it 
was obvious that the public 
body, consciously or uncon- 
sciously, was acting perverse- 

His Lordship hoped that 
there would be a lessening in 
the number of challenges 
mounted against local au- 
thorities who were en- 
deavouring. in extremely 
difficult circumstances, to 
perform their duties under 
the 1977 Act with due regard 
for all their other housing 

Lord Keith, Lord RosJaD.I 
Lord Brandon and Lord I 
Mackay agreed. 

Solicitors:' Desmom 
Wright & Co, Hayes JEnd; 
J-A-Kosky, Uxbridge. 

Until the arrival of the 
New Lancia Thema last 
autumn, the Italian company 
have never managed to make 
an impact on the profitable 
executive car sector in Brit- 
ain. The Gamma and Trevi 
were attractive enough but 
there was always a question 
. mark about their quality. 
And for a company already 
battling to shed itself of a no- 
ionger justified reputation for 
rusting, even the slightest 
about quality became a major 
stumbling block to sales. 

If the quality of the Lancia 
Thema I have just been 
driving is representative of its 
kind, then Lancia at last has 
a well-built, competitively 
priced executive car to spear- 
head its fight back. And it 
needs all. the help it can get. 

Since the the Heron group 
acquired the concession for 
Lancia UK in April, 1983, 
sales have plunged disas- 
trously from 5,000 cars in 
1982 to 2,600 in 1984. 

Some ten months ago 
against a background of 
rumours suggesting that it 
had bad enough and that it 
was pulling out. Heron 
reorganised its Lancia 
management team and 
slashed overheads by moving 
the whole operation to the 
premises of its existing 
Suzuki import business at 
Crawley, West Sussex. 

Sales crept up slowly to 
reach 3077 cars by the end of 
last year, an increase of 17%. 
Lancia is by do stretch of the 
imagination out of the wood 
yet but helped by the timely 
arrival last summer of the 
trend-setting new Y10 
Supermini and more recently 
the up-market Thema, there 
are encouraging signs. 

There is more good news 
to come with the impending 
launch in June of the face- 
lifted Delta Prisma and the 
possibility of the most excit- 
ing Lancia yet, a Ferrari- 
engined Thema, which will 
be announced shortly to- 
gether with a 4-wheel drive 
version of each model in the 
range. I shall be surprised 
however, if at this early stage 
m its recovery. Heron im- 
ports more than one example 
of the new 4x4 models. 

With the fantastic new 
turbo-charged and super- 
charged Lance Delta S4 rally 
flyer, winning the RAC and 
Monte Carlo rallies on its 
first two outings, the pub- 
licity machine will be work- 
ing overtime. 

Four versions of the 
Thema. all fuel-injected, are 
being imported starting with 
a two-litre model costing 

The Thema V6: the pick of Lancia's bunch 

Ford Escort 
the latter at £15,500 and the 
one I tested, the 2.8- litre V6 
automatic at £14,300. 

I had driven all four 
previously but only for a 
couple of hours. That was 
time enough however, to 
convince me that the V6 
automatic is the pick of the 
bunch. The others will find 
equally adamant supporters, 
particularly among younger 
exectives but for my money 
the big V6 is the more 
relaxing companion. Its 

Vital statistics 

Model: Lancia Thema V6 
Price: £14,300 
Engine: 2849cc V6 injected 
Performance: 0-62mph 9.2 
seconds, maximum speed 

Official Consumption: Urban 
18.4mpg, 56mph, 34mpg, 
75mph, 28mpg * 

Length: 15* 

Insurance: Group 7 

smooth flowing power is so 
deceptive that only a con- 
stant check on the speedo 
will prevent you running foul 
of the law. 

What a pity however, that 
it has to make do with a 3- 
speed automatic transmission 
when most of the com- 
petition now boasts 4 speeds 
featuring a fuel-saving over- 
drive fourth. 

The Giugiaro-styled body 
_ is a classic 4-door saloon with 
£11,000, a two-litre turbo at all the current wind-cheating 
£13,000, a luxury version of ploys such as doors with 

anti-lock option 

wrap around top and bottom, 
flush fitting glass and no rain- 
drip rails. 

The interior is tastefully 
fitted out with imitation 
suede leather upholstery 
which looks even better than 
the real thing and is said to 
be very slain resistant. Stan- 
dard equipment includes an 
adjustable steering column, 
electric front seat adjustment, 
tinted glass sunroof, rear 
window blinds, automatic 
temperature control, central 
door locking, electric win- 
dows, electric mirrors and 
self-levelling headlamps. 

The test included a 400- 
mile round trip from the 
Midlands to the South Coast 
with only a short break out of 
the car. Despite driving rain 
and high winds for most of 
the way, Thema carried me 
along in such splendid, iso- 
lated luxury that I was still 
surprisingly fresh when I 
returned home. 

Anti-lock brakes 

The news that anti-lock 
brakes will be available on 
the new Ford Escort for the 
first time on a popular priced 
sir suggests that anti-lock 
braking is following the same 
pattern as disk brakes. When 
they were introduced in the 
late 50s they were only fitted 
to expensive, high perfor- 
mance models. It was more 
than 10 years before they 
found their way onto the 
family saloon. Today they are 
standard fittings on almost 
all cars sold. 

Anti-lock systems similarly 
appeared on expensive per- 
formance care in the late 70s 
and that remained the posi- 
tion until Ford launched the 
new Grenada a year ago with 
the German Tevis ami-lock 
system fitted as standard 
throughout the range. 

Bui the electronic systems 
developed by Tavis and 
Bosch are expensive. Actual 
prices payed by the carmak- 
ers are difficult to find but 
where they are offered as 
optional extras they can cost 
from £650 to some £1,500. 

The Lucas Girling System ' 
appearing on the new Escort 
uses hydro-mechanical tech- 
niques which are claimed to 
be much less complex and 
more cost effective. Unlike 
electronic systems however, 
it does not use sensors on all 
four wheels, relying instead 
on mechanical monitors on 
the front wheels only. These ■ 
in turn control the diagonally * 
opposite tear wheel through 
load apportioning valve. 

Doubts have been ex- 
pressed about the system on 
two counts. Can a median i- . 
cal layout possibly react as 
quickly as an electronic 
circuit and is front wheel 
sensing sufficient? Until I 
have tried a car equipped m 
this way, 1 am staying 
neutraL If experience is any - 
guide, then Lucas Girling has 
been in the anti-lock business 
for much too long to risk 
ruining its reputation with a 
half-baked launch. And so for 
that matter has Ford. 

Lucas Girling began experi- 
menting with anti-lock some 
25 years ago. Starting with 
"wheel slide" protection for 
railway carriages, it pro- 
gressed to the very successful 
Skidcheck system for trucks, 
buses and trailers which is 
now the market leader in 

Ford is offering the Lucas 
Girling system as an optional 
extra at around £300. Actual 
prices will not be announced 
until the new Escort appears 
early next month. However, 
this price is based on small 
initial volume. My enquiries 
suggest that it will be halved 
when production runs be- 
come more economic. 

The ability to steer while 
braking on rain, snow or ice 
affected roads is such an 
enormous advance in car 
safety that the day must 
come when governments will 
make anti-lock brakes com- 
pulsory. If the Lucas Girling 
system is all it's cracked up 
to be that day has moved 
appreciably nearer with last 
week's - announcement 

Tenant is unable to Rent review clause not 
re-register rent term relating to rent 

Regina v Chief Rent Officer 
for Ke nsi ngto n and Chelsea' 
London Borough Council, Ex 
parte Moberly 

Before Lewd Justice Nome. Lord 
Justice Woolf and Sir George 

■ t {Judg m e nt given January 30] . 

There was do provision in section 
67 of (be Rent An 1977 permitting 
an application by a tenant for the 
re-registration of an existing rent, 
and a determination by a rent 
officer made upon such an applica- 
tion, by which be increased (he 
rent, should be quashed. 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
allowing an appeal by the tenant. 
Sheila Moberiey, from the refusal 
by Mr Justice McCullough on 
November 29, 19S4. to grant her 
judical review by way of cenioran 
to quash a registration by a rent 
officer on December 7, 1983. of an 
increased rent for the flat occupied 
by her. 

The appellant in person; Mr Guy 
San key for the drier rent officer. 

that the rent for the appellant' s flat 
haul been registered at £14 a week 
on Octobcr O.1980. In 1983. fearing 
(mistakenly) that after three years 
, ter landlords would be free to 
r i n c re as e her rent without reference 
to the rent officer, rile applied to 
him for a farther determination at 
the existing rent. . 

The landlords were informed, 
and replied that they wished the 
rent to be increased. The rent 
officer, having informed the appel- 
lant that her rent could not nave 
been increased unless the landlords 
first applied to him. told her u was 
open to her to make a written 
request to withdraw ber application. 

She claimed to have done so. 
though the rent officer dented 
having received ber letter. Op 
December 7. 1983. he made his 
detemtijation and registered a new 

rent of £16 a week. . 

The ippdhht argued that section 
67ft) and (3) of .the 

permtned two kmds of appwauon 
u the rent officer an appp 0 8 ^ 0 ” 
for the 'nfewi reparation of a rent, 
and an application for 
non ofa different «m (winch couM 
not be "**** within three yeans oi 
the previous registration). 

Accordingly the appellants 
application for the rwtgmranoo of 
the same rent was notcTfectrvc and 
the rent officer should not “ awe 

made the fresh determination which 
be did. 

The judge had concluded that 
Here was nothing in section 67(1) to 
prevent an application for the 
registration of the same rent as that 
already registered. - 

.But in his Lordship's view that 
was not the. case. Otherwise, it 
would be open to any tenant to re- 
- register - a tow rent every three 
months, and so prevent (under 
section 67(3}) the landlo rd reg isicr- 
mg any increased ■ rent within three 
years. It would defeat the intentions 
of the Act. Further support for the 
applicant's construction was de- 
rived from paragraphs 4 and 5 of 
Schedule II to the Acl 

In tire circumstances, the appel- 
lant was entitled to judicial review 
of the rent officer's decision and. in 
the exercise of his discretion, his 
Lordship would grant the enter of 
certiorari sought 

Lord Justice Woolf . and Sr 
George Waller delivered concurring 

Solicitor: Treasury Solicitor. 

act for 
both sides 

Regina v Dunstable Justices, 

Ex parte Cox 

A solicitor should not prosecute a 
case against a defendant whom be 
bad earlier advised on his defence. 

The Queen’s Bench Divisional 
Court (Lord Justice Watkins and 
Mr Justice Nolan) so held quashing 
tire defendant’s three convictions 
OP his application for judicial 
review of his convictions by the 
Dunstable Justices on March 8, 
1985 of permitting his motor vehicle 
to be driven by a person not 
bolding a driving licence, having no 
insurance and no test certificate. 

that it was absolutely vital for the 
appearance of forfoess m the 
conduct of proceedings that, a 
defendant should not be faced with 
such an alarming prospect. U must 
have been posriNe that but forthe 
severe discomfort that the defen- 
dant must have feft. ho «wd m r*“ 
have been preferred .to that of i 
police officer. 

MFI Properties Ltd v BICC 
Group Pension Trust Ltd 
Before Mr Justice Hoffmann 
(Judgment given January 31] 

A rem review danse was not a 
term relating io rent. Mr Justice 
Hoffmann bdd m proc ee di ng s by 
tire, plaintiffs, MFI Properties Ltd, 
against the defendants, BICC 
Group (tension Trust Ltd. in 
construing the words “tire terms of 
this sub-undertease (other than 
those relating to rent)" which 
occurred in provisions for rent 

Mr Nigd Hague, QC and Mr 
Nicholas Patten for the plaintiffs; 
Mr Nicholas Dowding. for the 

that a short question of construc- 
tion arose mi two identical rent 
review clauses in an underlease and 
a reversionary underlease of 
commercial premises in Norwich. 

The initial underlease was for a 
term of 15 years from December 3. 
1974 and the reversionary 
underlease for 35 years commenc- 
ing on . the expiry of the initial 
underlease, both of which provided 
for. frvo-yearty rent reviews. 

The relevant provisions were that 
“the rent . . . reserved shall be 
revised so as u> equal the rent at 
which having regard to (he terms of 
this sub-undertease (other than 
those relating to rent) the demised 
premises might then reasonably be 
expected to be let in the open 
market by a willing landlord to a 
willing tenant for a term of 20 yean 
with vacant possession 

The issue was whether tire words 
in parenthesis “other than those 
relating to rent’’ required an 
assumption that the hypothetical 
letting contained no rent review 

The landlord said that tire rent 
review clause was plainly a term 
relating to- tent- which must 
therefore be assumed to be ex- 
cluded; [be tenant said that white 
that might be (be literal meaning, 
the -consequences of such a 

construction were so contrary to 
common sense that the words 
should be construed more narrowly, 
so as to include only terms 
concerning rent which the review 
was intended to revise. 

A rent review danse was tterigneri 
to deal with a particular commer- 
oal problem, namely that of a 
tenant who wanted security of 
tenure for a lengthy term, and a 
landlord who. in times of inflation 
or a. rapidly changing property 

market, did not want to commit 
himself to a fixed rent forthe whole 
of that term. H therefore permitted 
the rent to be periodically revised to 
an amount calculated on the 
assumption of a fresh rent at the 
relevant date. 

The terms upon which such 
hypothetical letting had to be 
assumed to take place would 
naturally depend in each case on 
the particular language of the rent 
clausa Prima facie the ponies bad 
to be assumed to hi tend the 
hypothetical letting to be for the 
residue of the actual lease, and in 
the circumstances existing at the 
relevant date. Bin the langu _ 
might show that a departure from 
reality was intended. 

Where the language was capable 
of more than one meaning, the 
court was emitted io select the 
meaning which accorded with the 
apparent purpose rather titan one 
which appeared commercially ir- 

Here, precisely tire same words 
were used as in section 34 of the 
Landlord and Tenant Act 1954, and 
it seemed clear that in that context 
they had been treated as bearing the 
meaning . contended for by the 
tenant, rather than the wider 
meaning suggested by the landlord 
The exclusion of the rent review 
clause from the hypothetical tease 
was an assumption which had no 
apparent commercial justification, 
and which gave rise to practical 

It was common knowledge that in 
practice landlords did not nowadays 
grant long leases of commercial 
premises at rack rents without rent 

In this case the animal was not so 
much fabulous as extinct, but the 
problem was the same. 

A valuer asked to determine the 
rent at which, premises could be lei 
io the open .market for a lengthy 
term without a rent review had no 
comparables in the real world to 
which he could refer. All be could 
do was to make an arbi t rar y 
adjustment: it was improbable that 
the parlies could have intended the 
rent to be determined in that way. 

The only plausible alternative to 
the literal construction was the 
narrower construction advanced by 
the tenant. That was the construc- 
tion which his Lordship prefer r ed, 
and there would be a declaration 

Solicitors: Theodore Goddard & 
Co for Andrew Jackson A Co, Hull; 
Stanley & Simpson North. 

Legal aid warning History irrelevant 

«*■. “ hta!df “ *■ ST2**, or «, 


*1 APP«1 ***** 

d btigaots who purtueo 

A home. 


. Butter Sms. ga« tttr 

a fSnoiy fjJ” 


against mi . 

decision that h®4 
Sring him to. sell the 
driefa he UvMB jjj 
to make a tamp 

■ of Ins 0 1 

juts with 4iffi* 

cutties rehousing himself in the 

‘^“lusncE fwcrjs 


jhefamily assets at the wtse 1 bong 

of a modes 1 J***}. 

seriously depleted by the cost of 

“f ™ impmnvt ita ' Mg -gg 

53"sns? , Sj*| 

StdifficuE Had the matter been 
Sded tteale of the mammomri 
would have proyKtai suf- 
wilt assets with wlm* comfort- 
STw^dtouse all the persons 
Swd in the appeal 

we of evidence of past 
incidents for the purpose of proving 
the intention of a kilter at the time 
be cawed death should not gen- 
- orally be permitted. 

The Court of Appeal (Criminal 
Division) (Lord Justice Watkins, 
Mr Justice Farqubaraou and Sir 
Ralph Kitaer Brown) so held on 
January 31, when dismissing an 
appeal by ' David . Ronald Berry 
against his conviction of murder on 
April 3, 1985 at the Bodmin Crown 
Court (Mr Justice Nolan and a 

that the evidence sought to be relied 
on in die present case was of 

incidents remote in time from the 
killing, hs only effect could have 
been to prejudice the jury 

The Crown, m introducing It, had 
relied on the dubious authority of R 
v Ball (191 1] AC 47), referred to the 
judge by counsel from AnhbM’s 
Criminal Pkading, Evidence and 
Practice. 42nd edition, paragraph 

Jts appearance there required re- 
examination, if only becune the 
passage relied upon did not appear 
in a judgment but in an observa- 
tion in argument. The use of such 
evidence to prove the sate of mind 
or intention of a killer at the time 
of the laDiug should not, generally 
speaking,. be permitted. 

The p res e n t case, however, was a 
proper one for the application of 
the proviso to section 2(1) of the 
Criminal Appeal Act 196S, and the 
appeal was dismissed. 






X RiV-38 OOO ml* I ownrr. 
DlMl Qnpfl Qumul Ini. 
SuniOlK Btaununhl 
Viiphir naual Mn, iriK 


£8.250 ono 
01-794 6057 home 
01-380 8534 office 

JZOi 1M4. Owl dim. Trio HI 
Fl. wnilnoi. lov Elorl «iul 
rtf 1 wim 25.000 mb. Xrrv 
wm rondiuon C8.6SO 0684 
72 «>«•». 

3204 A REG Lwv bUV 23.000 
in* PAS. Min roof HWW. Tno 
nmo. C7.U0 ono Naum 
•06021 417 001. 

3231 *4 2 do m train* rod mlour 
riflnl. allot- ulm-h LSO. 
-.port-- susf , rs H . I J OOO 
mitf-v I owner C8.996. 0462 
676755 i HertM E>B WknM 

32SI M 2 door. Diamond. ABS. 
MKR. LSD. M Tern MNpnwton. 
Mv mi KM- CM «5 0462 

676755 iHemt Eie Wknab 

alloy vtfcaah. tow Mr. 7SJXX3 
nBtn. 58.700, 037882-2727 



SA6L L.iu- mortrt low mltw 

PrWV 10 BOX L88. NrtVS Inlrt 
naiKMbd. Ptj Bn\ 484. \n\uma 
Si. London U. 


911 CARRERA 1977 Mrltfir 
umii. pts iii-ii nan tun vnurt* 
fmi axlta. liL<- I486 

mnflrt Cl 0.200 nno Trt OI 
d®5 51 VH GS'tt 75340 

■948)911 CARRERA SPT. Taroa. 
uaiiirf mrt .lull hide. *>!«■! vpl. 
simk. iSMirtt i a r. r rodsd ■ 
Un-> >4H Wt. atnomm Mm . 
17.000 mis . liMlorv marranlv 
Musi SMI Ihrifloio C2G.ODO 
■ mo 0491 57 6023 imosi or 
075922 2304 rdavi 

sun Blue mrUllir with loroM 
alien low WMUth. span* vWi. 
Rrn IS<W •86 n«i iso- C*>l I 
6 500 nth U7 500 021 558 
24 Jo mfcddtsi 

PORSCHE 944 luv Ju!\ 1484. in 
tiiai). rtsH lull nitnpnu'Til. pn 
« rijMtl i niuitilmi. Dn mors 
wins .iiouflii U-5.000 tor 
ttHHks.HP >0927161828 Homo 
nlSifTi 501271 utlttr 

pomche 9u SC SPORT ms 

i nirdMsi iii is fnii* with martini 
sii ii«-- I o« inntsur' with rSH. 
siinirml H\sw, rtmin nut 
I -IS l:M 045 Wrt«- Jolly Autos 
■0538 > WdfdO 6 (Id vs Mill 

1982 PORSCHE 911 X soon 
l.n*M. met fu« Ian truth 

ii mi. 59 POO mill's. FSM. iniv 
iluKli uiird. sinro. ClS-**96 
•nirshnri 061480 8942 

1077 PORSCHE 911 lux 2 7i. 

MrtaUH ini. rtrrt sunroof, uri 
saw- rrs aSJ nw. Tm«t Marat, 
■-sfrtimii runner C&.ASO. 
iChrshiin 061 480 59*2. 

#11 SC 1«>82 Personal PlWr 
17 000 miles. Porsehr Marran 
It . mini rontfilton. mow. mrtaiir 
BnniT interior Alarm Carrrra 
SDOUnr* C 16.55001 892 9129 
911 CARRERA sport roupo '84 S. 
mrtallir an ronO . immar. FSM. 
27.000 rah. C20.750 i0544i 
885 690 

944 PORSCHE A rep sunrort. 
15 000 nils mrt uner 
E15 950 OI 607 7762 
PORSCHE 924 Ctiowr of 2 rom 
pens r4iv Trl 021 444 1689 
niauHv ms 


OmCMAL 1907 Horse draten* 
■union' Is Iv vwr.> rarasan. 
fulls resinrrd inrluHiiH, user 
C2.000 ol quid k-*l \ nr» rare 
and in full vsortsmu man . Musi 
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iiHwa' Serious oilers nnlv 
rvirr Cl 8.000. Tel 0656 


1936 f nmjHotrli restored GIR 
SILLE Pni.ue sarrifire 

C2T0OO Ol 857 7290 

E TYPE «J* 2*1 1970 blue. Ton 
Col Kill hii I MOT FSH. SCC. 
E8.7SO. 0125670877 E\P 

WAR (HR 48.000 i 
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wunnlnv * ramble (domiw. 
beau nm awd puaar. £4.000. 
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CTI AUGUST 198S. Metallic Sit 
\n -uniionf Green mils, 
lailni, .■llul spoils ss- heels. 
< PiHa.ll hKbiiKi. Prtlort eoiidi 
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lie,, 10N5H le^islulinn 9 OOO 
null*. Spiv hH edillon all Mail: 
14 000 I, III Ml E Amui Ol 
OJ7 lH2.Drfs.oi 01 SSI 0021 

caur cn*« 5a!i. Edi roissPHUMr 
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GOLF GTI 1X00 iws. 
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5261 esi » m Ol 756 5931 


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InmsH V6.750 otai 852438. 

1984 JAGUAR V IS CJalu m|rt 3 mail- mwm mmailH 
■UPS Ss.i-.1i ssipes Compuln 
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JAGUAR XJ6 4 2 f Rm 1979 Tin 

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500SL 85 (B) Clastic WJmc »iUi Gnrj Hide S.OOOm 09.950 :[a 
MOSEL 83 (Y) Akira] Silver ssiih Blue VelourSQ.OOOm £17.950 a 
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230 TE 83 (Y) Lapis Blue *uh Blue Te* 4S.00Gm £I(M50 « 
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lOB&’Bluevs.illi qre> mien 
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null-. Pioneer slrrefi. >sl 
los-.. mils Jdxed. superb 
■ oudilion. 


Call 01-153 0957. 

1979 238 Merrem*. Smuisni 
70 OOO miles rsi rtlenl 
miunlmii a ntonllis MOT 
UJSO Tel 0932 788600 >□> 
IM22R .Hi to allot sols Thames 

1974 430 Si. sals er om- H soil 
loos. auto. PAS air rorm. 
50 OOO miles qenuine. 1 owner. 
Csrepuoiuil C9.0OO <T« 0465 
8854071 G lour- J 

weases. In disoote of Ms 
Memsln 500 SIX Blue mcul- 
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500 5E *81 *X’ 

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owner esrrtlenl rnutllMn 
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84(B) JUS ME. OBC. 30f000m 

83(A)XJSHE.WtMeARB.Al£OBC 30.000m 

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84 (B) SOVStBGN HE. RegenttoOBsm te OBC 2&OOOm . . . 

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BARGE RE 7 rt* i ■* ..ii] iv NiFuna 

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FORBES 1 rriDincruU son ire for 
*«ii Hi* ih rmirt -.ill Iv iv id on 
Irfnsilt 7Iin ..i Trmplp 
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SMALLWOOD. In mr-rnon ni 

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i«l fti -t- 1 1 l.l MM- Hills .KJQ Ihrs 


TON - PmUTnhrml it.lh ut. t- 
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M—rUn.4l.Hl low ,..,|uw j, 

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resista carpets 


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24B W. 

Panon Comb SWS 

Tel: 01-7.1 1 33t>S/9 

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FULHAM m f marr lu, rtruip 
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FRENCH -rt^ ,/n° lyrnwn 

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30 Ol JuS 1177 

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nun nil— ,t Nl help Dr nr. or 
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Pair lavn Lid P"* B<*9cnlt SI. 
Lorwwui Cl aja bS3A 

Faculty of the 

MgM Built Environment 


Salary Scale: Head of Department 
(Grade VI) £18,615 - £20,51 1 

Further details and application fbnnsflo be 
rrtumed by 28th February 1986J ftonc 
The Person nd Officer, 

City of Birmingham Polytechnic, 

‘F Block, Perry Barr, Birmingham 542 2SU. 
Telephone: 021-356 9193, extension 215I21& 

An equal oppwtunife employer. 


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Ml ill r .1 d.uluni -1 I uir-llii. 

MtLNE nn inr *f iuiiu.iri .il 
■*' 'l.l. v‘- Pv-Ulmulnn 

!■' f1»«*i*- ■II"'' ..n.i 

Nini'l .1 *U.|| Tnli Un irr 

MORGAN on .'On l.iiHiuri I “Br 

in J.llWl ||. l-.IIUHtlll I .Hid 
Hull .1 -l.l. FdHuriT Mr.l,.ild'T 
lijri ,1 liioiiwr C uniparn 
PfOESTLET, on '.mii.iri 5din .11 
rn- Ii ■'.imind.T Hiitpii.n l.i 
rnntiinr i„v unyin uim 
i h.iil.t .-tun krt'.ai.i 
I JLirh-i .1 Si"lfi.*r I.H v.-rhu* 

RICHARDSON On Jill X-h'Huri 
Ii' '•lllii.'.inil C In i* -nri* ' • u 

Clui r trdri i.*r l.non 

' Mat ru* .in.) B-u 

STAMP On Frliruun 2nd .11 Lni 

1.*|*||\ O'lb'dr 
V«*».nidru inn* \nli % • .1,1.1 
in 1 vronij if.munii r ilr, , 
li.i 1.1 1 "■ 

TAYLOR - On 2rr1 FrHnuan ul 
CNfl'i Cm H.ttpil.u |n ( 
• ni r Hmihum' dim si. 'ph.'ll .1 
tnn Inn.1ln.1i1 Maul ALiMuir a 
Im4t u*i Sarah 
WEBB . Oil 1*1 rmru.ii . 1 •Jflo ic 
N..1.1I1 .inf Kim. and T.'m u 
rtj'iini." ■% m lulu Cla.'.isrih 
WILLS. .i„ Mm j.inn.irt |.> \i, 
an,/ Irrmit .1 ni, Vu-n. iu, 
Palriru H-irnilinri 


.1 ir*H* iiu mt — 

jii • at 

l.iifV k.|i hu S 

■ •I M.ll LI plfN-J 

1 «i* h.iij funeral 

<iiibiliiiii« f*'' 
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• .«! 

O'HARA .n •tiiiii da* Friirn.iri 
i 1 .a ■■■■in. ■■■ FLain .mn 
■ni'il uliv— .t o-i.'i .B-.n 

I'll’, II .Il I ri d- .111,1111 Ir- ral 
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PENNOCK Hr-riuif.l tmidmii nl 
fu'iu. •'!' F-Ui lull 1 .'•lid l iinn 

I ** 1 • hi 11.11 ■ 

PEREZ ■ i.m V lann.iri :*>Kt- ai 
Lui'jta'». 1 oudnn 

\ « ■■illi* lifuiFil hiiMuad .11 
I !■ 11.1 au.1 lalhrr ,n \|jh 
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Na'liiudla lliril.illtl ,111.1 on H.iiiiirt.ii 
» a in u.n 1 .11 £ IS- pni 

Mail • Linn .ii ViMDiuiv Nn 
l|..'tilt 111 lati.HHl Hill drat 1 
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V" -if- II If,.,,.. Til. 

i*l!inili.« H. -,>,1.11 Cm ■ Ild 
li.ilitp,'. 1 limn m Oii.w.l sl.a 
Ii".' PIhjiii- NJi BJlufi Or 1 vr. 
I'-l n in H . JJtJQ 

HOLXJMC.wi >lir -id ni r.-hT'kill 
l»ur. iFia.ii P'llium of Lilian 
Vila Ulll.' 1 Curl, irn nl j-l-'i nl 

Mull j Bnhni 

-l.i nn tv Minina 

■‘••"••I 1 1 in 

r- in iuii 1 ul .1 45 p in C 10'trr*. 
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H'liinimj vaait- 

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hnnii 1 m* Hi nil Hmiu* 

I r-ll-iii i M.uid |I(h. on V\ 1 1- 
HiiiT.iidtiiua' ,1, n.i lOPud 
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1.11,1 f -hi 11.111 7lh ai 

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■ in NL, , Hr.illi.v I .-. uiid luniili II, C.uw 
■Li Ih\ 1 h 

■ • .-111. >li. -11 kln..,..rd 1 irii.aib'l. 
Kill I -Ih >1,111 Ihr 7lh I^OlN 
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Vl.liilll.aili Pla.1. London » I 

TAYLOR - nliii Eur.vmin mi 

1-illifcljl Sin ti laid r. Ill lull 

■ ■M. ' I "111 Hmnir.1 iv ilr ol 

InlliO"' H'-ila-ll 1 wii.Kul 

1* * i* a' SI lino ii*h dual- It 

1 1"" .M.1,1 .11 i*rv. .. n 

, ] I Ih r.-iuiuiii nl 

Wfm flaiai. -it in. „ l>.tai„||„ 

Haul,,. ruOiNul Dim lor 
h.. n, .ini' 

TURNER nil F.'liraun dlh JQRo 

III .11 1*1 nil* 111 ,1 Kui-ina hi •‘Ti- 
ll mil.", ' I.-,,,- .hi rrl ti J 
1 * .11 . Vv uf. in u, Hrrtan 1 4 

liiinrr U U I! .■ Ini im 
Iilriiii.ilii L ul.i - I3i,i. n 

' ***r • * -■ on 

I'-nirkUl 1ft .11 All Null'l 
I h.rirt. t-mdi'l tlavraf .„ 17 

l"—* 1 '■■J'l'-vavl ni ■ rrln.ilibn at 
‘ rx-Kii.ikTuiini .11 

I. 4 0|.nr llniiort .and 
•■■Hiniiirt 10 Llrl'iilr r,i„.*i.,| 
*"■,’*. r r.1 01 oAM 55SS 

TURTLE r-i, TvJ lOfSo 
111 Ii- op , 1 ,,i UII.V u • n,n ■riiH-o 


vrr rut! llum o, Ihr rtailr*rrn 

■•I Mill — III lust 

.(.ir ■ hi imr.iivhip 

I vnirlMIrurit .Il tvoiu Hnut 
h.- rnoi 'kill nn vvrlis 

it oji .h|.i Ohio 
l-Jlilluili ,1 |r.irl'lion..l 

Hrsir.iitw yhiv'i (ji iim Inv-, 

■iihI air it Ir.rormli 11.1m iho 
uijr -I -.'ion nnrlrnii vv -lit 

alt :20lh tiul rt 

Thru iiih 1 1 ut-i 1 nAi .ul 
mn Irvurr- 1.01, ihrauan In 
ii-'If, 1 Firr.ilri Hrh.'OI 

in inu- 1 •• un Sh'iuaraug 

nn ul fls 

• .in diil. ilr v 101 1 hit ir-Ti’t 

■rt.ardv ithnh r.ilUfr do, 
ii.mi an rrdiM-lioa. rn Ihr 
in ■ •- 111 nr toi.v im on ni.uii 
hi ■■v.itiiuiu'iuii r»a, 'kurn IM 
I -« 

I •■( lull o.'lullt Plrdta-riiiq Ihr 

N. .•„ Vlalarrn ">«<»' 

JOHN £2.000 a r . it man .ioni a 

GERMANY *MJnimi*i iOh Alsn 
fi.imr ai«i s-vii/rri.ind vufl 
l.dfar H 4 £ in 1 HI. a Park 
F ml slirrl. Ou. ud 
GERMANY Hirmni-r ront vim 
I run rr .nu! "Hll.'iwkiml ri.'nd 

L.-i»* S V L lu ml. * P-arv 
Lm I >4 1 rn Oviord 
SUMMER JOS an Mriiain jtn H Smith 
rir Ul Cd *5 I 'Vti or Horn ' ar 
Vvnik, <1 Purl I ruf SI. Otior.i 
BONHAMS Nloulpriirr Nlitdrrr, 
Vn Coultrv Sri- Eduralun- 


DANNY • BLCB-r On 'l-mdai 
>id Fmruuri ul 4-hinr.t. \|iq 
- Il* — -r N Prirf D.aim 10 

R'i*m|jn Birf't -iwr Nlartion- 
Pi'tonl 3 Tri'l.iHiicv Cram 
vi.*; lir id- h- Niirrrt 

l INLur duulllv Vvvwu 

■ 1 .lib' pi vet Ulld nJHk'r ufto 
.11 uikilifr lOO't rilrj Larue 
1 our ■■ ti.-r rimiMnl* irnaJer hull 
iuh m.ll oner duturri Carpets 
Ol .305 0-133 


We pair hrkriv lor ihrse .and .ill 

llir.ilm . t nd tpruft Tr* rOl 

371» 037 1 7 IS AH mjior 

■ ■•tin 

THE TIMES On-undl ittiart 1843 
l-bHc' mi 1 irr Iiiirt mail H.Urd 
i-.iuhi rr.i.ii rur pnvnolm 
.rival Saalidmt' £12 50 llll I 
*J.'rH'-mh.K W'hria 01 tdfl 032-3 
BESPOKE Hfiorv made ir mra 
tnn- h.iu.1 murfr In Crrdnn 
-T.I.I. 1.1 Ool SOU 1074 Ltl 

SEATF1NDERS Vni ’•mil inr 
• ««ls 1 o» fill Gdn si.iriF]n| I \p 

Ol Io7m M.lWr rrfdiJ 

« ,n il*t 

TICMETS l.w uni rtrnl LAIN. 
hi..i Irani 1 vprrtv. 42nd 51 411 

Hi- im tporlv 8? 1 oole 

llSIA \ I.N 

OAK GATELEG t.Pdr 8 10 wi 
n iii'J 1 TOO wnd colour 
1.3 5FO Ol 357 8B*>> 


a I Mill i.a'iiiuri- repl.i .i imm 
I, Ilr niMIr lo rlaanlv 

*(tt lur.ilinnt Mom,- -iBucrval 
'■•Ml. r Nrilirfird. oirai OJ«J| 
bJillS Rr.iir nrmnulh 0202 

ro-SHO rnptfvui. 03—78“ 

744 3 Hrrvri'-V caot na53 
8 1 C»5P ' 




lOnrffHIt Iraatuaa tp^ aulr.1 111 
1“ “ .111-1 hvlolnl PkiiK— . lo, Ihr 

L'l'irti ■jriiunw ta4at lion 
,UUi* .VNi Hi.iti4.ilr Pel NWS 
Ol 7r>7 Toll » rrr a.iinloaur 


.un* in.'IMillui-rvl puahli ,U 
rrmnikihk prims 32* Hnahlon 
Ril . 5 Cratifawi Ol 088361 3 
HoraBa 7 Manual voJirt Slum w V 
trni Churrh 1 GC t950 
nrm OoOHSCrroS 

SALE. Puna War Ml uTbnmvuul. 
■"*“ nxaM«diliaiir«i I nOralatJk' 

I 01 48S 1555 


PROFESSIONAL Chaullrur a<ih 
own rxrrulim rar «u*«4.s 
pruarr rlirrir* RrotonatHr 
ran- Tn Ol eo>» 8783 






Tavlrfullt lurmvnra 2 ribl 

Nv larur IriuiHV dmrr II 
Ml tuibirrm iv r am rh 
naraar. .ulrarin r Qurdrn. 
note lo th.-vr, and £ Fifirhlry 
Tuhr Cn irl WH CITOpw 

Tel 0M55 1539. 

L4\l vmr*uif « m.inrf tyy ok 
1 1*0 wanin' nun Mwiin 
Amurm 1 »i Ir r.oa 7 hh 
ir U24 Drparturrv 
7 9.14. 16.21 23 A 28 Fro 
Also drparl urn. Marrh April 
4i*1 Ihrouanovri Ihr mur in 
■ npurimrni nr rtolrl 
uiwl iljfpil Irorn CaiwW and 
ManrlH-drr InvtanI hookmov 
ujh* bnyburn onli daris-i 

Vcmura Holidavs 

Tn London >OI ■ 75.3 

1 353 Trt Manrhrvlrr u>31 ■ 
834 5033 Trt Shrtlmd 

•07*21 lil 100 LTOL 2034 


In all London Arras I rap-nils 
nuuirncj lor nur —u lima lop 
(rjMJiis A Co Lrii 


JIM*J/ -KtJr OirivV hourt 
or ucvJji onlij 


Paris C 69 Cairo CTOS 1 


Hhonq C495 I 
L I SF C345 , 
K Nora C27S 1 
S«d MrlCfc^q 
T Aui C169 | 



I imiMMI (HI 

•1-437 0S37 734 9503 

Milan C 88 
Altvns CIO** 
Cm 7ui t 79 
Fart, C 89 
v trnna CI29 
Prim C345 

SKI K»W MICE. Gained 
rtvvlrK ,n Ma*r,nrl A CoMrrhn <*l 
ir Vl«»S -1 O Hvk ,nr Irairf 
Cr raj toed un lid w me A rvhvr 
tav ■■ouirhiut Ol “55 2333 *757- 
V*o 1 uwapfioitr ■ 

ilridJm. Bruvtrts. Bru*nv 
Lir on j Lausanne Thr Hagur 
Dubun Rom a Darppr 
011 2a Chrvjrr Wav London 
HU 1 \ 780 Ol 255 8OT0 
roman inn e-rprnt ,0 Latin 
Airuiaca. Qub a Ivi Oast Ou 
rahOron l S. 4 ii Uniro 
Snl.nar Ol 929 ,130 
(Inniv e 4 Rio [sec luma 
Co 73 rui Also Small Croup 
Hrtiaav Jot mart* JL4 01 747. 

nomtav nuiwii aiu* low roll 
flighl, frr inonprndcnl Irami 

IrfH IL4 I e On Oiwhafr M 
London W4 Oi 747 3l08 
COSTCO I ICRS Off naohis hoK 
la Curotm 1. S4 X. mail d-tlma 
IK) lit DlPLONfAT TT? T V E L Ol 
7JO 2201 4BT4 I AT 4 ATOL 
DISCOUNTS :« L’-onomi nrx 

v*lt Td lit ltlvl 




Luiftpran deMmaiionv 

V jlrunom 01 402 

42*2 01-S2 ABT4 

olOOJ ATOL 1990 


E AST rfr Guar an lend 

rhruursi /are-. Rirnmond 
Tiaml Qt 94C AC 7J 
TUNX5IA For Inal prrfm holiui 
J*Uh 'unfit dai 1 A 'JiFirn 
nKjhlv Mral lor Frb Nianrh 
TuiuHian Train 01-373 4a 1 1 
HOT TURKEY. 12 hrrih ‘nidi 
motor wnl from Cl 000 i> w 
Millie pm ale Evafh nolrl 



DON * PLACE k« Ourm 
inn 3 o«d . 2 rrr-rt now 
with rod* irrxaprr ior 
HMIQ vhorf Nl- 

lumahrt unlurnnvd 
CMOC44C prr 

CBRiniU RO *W7 . Srhf 
Hon 1.2 A 3 Ordroom Cals 
n*w roniniun. clov la 
Ctoumtrr Rd luhr tram 
040 prr w rr* H,9hli 



boas.. 2 paw nuuwion Hal 
£300 n*9. 


Pn-fty 2 bM flat moi wnau 

oano. £180 

prr 2 hed . 2 paui iproc 
rccrtpl Mjjufv iHHitc with 9a 
rape £373 prr wfrt 

Cl -370 4323 

•*ii .oi -u-,. 




f.-- ■ TI r.72 HI* 


I IV si.,11 I., I Ft -| L . 

•• ■*.**'^ 


• • ", V |.'*t r lard n— ai- 2 

■ .■ . -rpt j'l.uihv .-I 

5- >u.t .vr'- p?.’ n, 1 ,*-, 


-Iiu I-',, J-tlu-FtF an 

■* 1 ’* '*■'■’ '-e-hrr eu-j, 



W 2 

Uiw^j double bed. Hal 
wiih - iovcJ} lecepiton rmv 
in mod. parured bjoe* over- 
‘OOkiog 4el*glilfuJ SOlUTC AH 
brand new luvun. fcitchcn. 
£1000 per week. 

Hjde Park Office: 

01 .’63 5060 


m.-ne «■-» Clan 
'5 i3"V 

2 6r« l-H a- |h- 
I'.ibWiinKr i'rr„ 
•w Vj, nimiM, im 

■tuirrt - hi i.h 

w "■ "~1 w.'.,r-f 'V *j;i 

SOUTH HDWMnat hi . ri .- 
e.-..'a ..aih.isa.1iv.-* L r .*H| flu, 

I air.vl 1 ibjrbirrv pi 1 ■ 

...•.it .'a - — L'lOrdmuna u,-, 

**"~ ~ if P 1-1 VTlOpu rn 

*: 37* vr-e, i:en° i.^, 

ST JOHNS WOOD L iuii. u 

ifV'fi.r r.- nd. 3 Irn. -7 dJu«. , 
••' h.r.ii/'in Oulu 

. 'trn- >11 j* imJ rm 7 11. 

i.-m .■■.•:• * im, , M 

.'I* * - 3‘-0Ce C'l U“0 ua’H l 


Hnn-TTiu,-. hu- *T IftOn 

Li »n'7 h-— 


■ i. inii.h,'. 

nut ?S M.ll* 111 help 

i.»:i sir r vp-'pft 



Hunnira mil niod ikai ,1. 
rvrtlnnl BJorv 7 n-dv r.-rep 
vn hath Pnrkma poti.r 
•oiu, m L2S0 a u 
•\ mot, uniitubl nr. use ,*n 
loaf Tenure. 2 horls 2 
I'-reps kal Bain lout, hi 


Drtioml'ji u. mi mod rial CO 
4in noor Jnrti. rm? . i 
Ikilhv k,l oorter i»,, ti-i 

®I-5®1 7644 



G£OF Hupoi 21 si in venire <30 d 
IW* IC" e mum (Lad. Alice. 
Philip and Tininii 
SOUTH OF 1 hi lardiT Doit 11 
vievir-o 'vat . Lis., B-irwicks 2* 
inakn 4 I itl 1 1 in Lisa nr .Ul 
— V El e>. inituuh vhr't Ur 

.111.11 Lot r The Clan. Roh Her 
Ibr L-Ot .ilia* lru-ir Dorrs 

. 018526151 




(nr Putilu Irunspnrl Tnjv vrtf 
• nnlaiTiea oinunO Hoar Hal rv 
nesvfv decorated wain briohi 
and .urrv rooms ■ ooupje bed- 
room recrpimi, lined * ilmen 
and halhreom Min 1 t ear In 
C.l20pii 94“ t“i»3 iron* 9am 
Ipm and aiier oKurn 

BARBICAN Penthouse full* fur. 

ni'lirtJ. If a ino diiunq rrom. 

»tr/YAHinG bPflrnom kiimm. 
halh ur. Inror I err arc pan 
orame- 1 lews imntediaie m 
Coiiiari No Ol B38 5*355 

CHELSEA superb, ttnur* new| k 
derorJled one doubfe bedroom 
iim on Ov.iv walk evokrtv 
Ol 352 84S8 

SUPERIOR rials uroenfly re 
quieed for Co W» in all arras 
Ol 4«*J r*a« Of I ire r-ours Or 
0732 849312 'icdai- only* 
WI4, vtTifrr nines lo let rfi. lop 
ikw 10 a similar rerluse £350 
pm Trt Ol 603 5091 

5t firm o w 

Auckland t> - 
J'l’burq o w 
Lev Anortes 
Rrl urn 

C 420 

Cl 71 

London Flioei Cenlre 
131 Carts a Rd bWJ 

01-370 6332 



New Yort CI9BJ7MIB £400 
Lea abb £329 Nairobi £339 
Sydney £639 Bankok £339 
AuMUd JCTSOToroiMo £239 




Reiort IWn* JM-rii 

Tignev- - C1&9. £269 
MerJber CT69 £269 
Wrbaer ; £T69 ; £269 


"I'OI 'Wrak IWHkl 
Tignej-... £799 £2*9 

Meribel £229 £39S 

Verb.'er '* £279 £309 

Vald In-re £229 £379 

*/aieit*.*ul'> JIOMCUVS - 
IS Tp tuCK, > n- 6 ^ f a w c: r, Irrr *. cic 
Alto ie:f't47rrrfi f.ciiajy. 

• . ‘rom £89 * - 

Tel: 01-3SJ 5446 ;24 h. i 

,• .i’rT''WZ/;.’ 

Cv.-3:?Wti ^ * - 


Crvamur-9 house wnw h nos 
JUM r>ern iicwf, derora—vd 
consmina of 2' beds Own 
wilh e,i suite aalhi earns, 
filled kfkTle(i dinar fnrra 
C3S0 pw 


Maine atuiiubie tor fona 
Irt. lonSELinq pi 3 prdv. 
nnubJe rerep ullh an aoai 
IKKial drawinu room on 
the lsi floor. 2 luffn pane 
Warden USD pi- 


s-ii Fieii r \ 
Vs I,.. .4 H.' 
Mi ■! i,rr -I 


nl Vv i'll" 

'll .K|e.i «*. uvir 
mi JuJtn T'lnia'.uut 
Hi III 1 .anil l.nnes 
|>«1' .11 *K rr.anrls 
rihvvn Ckiirten Cjii 
' 7lh .at 

rnifo'tr'd 1.1 priiu," 

WAKEFIELD ■*H I "ill IUH I e.lll 

ti 1 ", n-sii. nil, 

HT'i I'll bill' Fuller .i| -1*1 aae 
H'"iiiii'i|i"ii|h f 4 euiaatm nun am 
'i""»tl.i. 1 ''in narv 12111 

li.k'li' I ■■■I'KIl.-. .Mill I toll re f.i 
■'Ill'll Hint .nu,, p Hut lei 

1 1 in a.i.j-'t.* 

I Trfi'phnn,- 

■ IMitl.lii.ii,, 485454 

pusr inu vi. retha-art with ., 

not ni tHinrh m 

iidllooiis Hi uns| hand d.Hi 
•nil Fir trim H.irruaTs Pom 
shop i.'-iyt 1 tooi 1 Hal loans Oi er 
I "ii.loai Lid Ol 022 7Soo 
CALIBRE CVS protewjnnaui 
■'""m Jnd produred 
riirrunium sikie doruinenls 
L*ef.siK 01 Sf#C 295*> 
FRIENDSHIP. J o> r nr Maruw- 

•Ml .ms. DoirfijM'. Depi 
i7s»T> 23 AhiiKirfon Road Loti- 
-km WS T«'l 01 438 JO! I 

hi in ter national 

lilfors 458 743 > 


U T 144*a 

.Nnif e ha-rent- paten mat the 
rriatllnrt of the ,rr*oi e named 
Cunipanv. tvhirh rs Imng 1 oiun wound up. ai< lei.n. ird nu 
or nrtore me 3ral rWt at Marrh 
1986. lo venal m their full 
Christian and surnames me*r ad 
diesraw and dcsmpuons. full 
partjrulars of inrtr debts or 
claims, and the names and ad- 
dresses of their Solicitors uf an* 1. 
lo the unoerstonrd 

Dai-d Swaden FCA of Lfonaoa 
Curtrv and Partners 46 Rodney 
Sneer Liter pool LI 9A4. The 
Itouidailor 01 ihe said Companv. 
and. if so required tti nonce in 
uTtbna from ihr said lututdaior. 
are. penonall*’ or by their Solici 
tors, to come in and pros e their 
debts or claims at such time and 
place as shall be specnieq iu"fl 
notice or tn default I her .-of they 
win be excluded from the benefit 
at Jnv distribution made before 
sum debit are proird 
Dated this 29 day of January 



Albany a NWl. 

ArtUlory Place SEia 

OI-BB4 4517 


Hrstd cutiaf sales negaiialor 
needed 10 help rim small 
‘veil eskibfisbea firm of e*. 
lair aqenls in WH Salary 
plus 1 ommnruon neaoltable 

Te lepkes. 727-B45* 

I4aysl or 

JM 0X59 'after 7pml 

JoTMirq Har 



■anqle return 
E3C0 C465 
C220 LS2S 
£130 £200 
C235 £336 
Del Bom £230 £340 

Banqhok £195 £330 

Douala £420 

.Afro .Asian Travel 

162 16B Regent S» W \ 
TOj 81-437 KZS5 6 7 B 


* * * 

Catered Chalet Parties 

Wnln. Birfi^un £ Parlies 

Feb 8 £159 
Feb 15 £189 

Top French 6 Swiss Resorts 

Ring 01-370-0999 

ATOL 1820 

81 537 KM 

FLATS and housi-i 
aiailane and uroenilv re 
•juaretl. for <009 or short lets an 
prim* Central LOaiOon er-at 
irorn £200 pw Ouraishi Con 
•lard rnr 270 Earn Court Road 
S-W 5 Trt OI 244 7363 Teles 


Brtoravia. Ptmiiro. tvrsimin 

tier Luxury houses 1Uls 

available lor lonq or snort left 
Please rinq (or .Urrenl Im 
Coolrs 64 BurWrwhair. Palare 
Road SWI Ol 828 8251 

modem fuffy furntshed four 
bedioomed town tmuu* "nth 
PWhmq and garden £346 pw 
inr Of A HW Avaikdife for 
long remosny lei Tef OJ 6~5 


urgently mautre flats A houses 
in r Mitral London irorn c ISO to 
C2O0O pw Please rail Sallv 
Owen or Lorraine Campbell on 
01 437 4684 


modernised fully furimhed ILil 
4 bedrooms. 3 bat hr oo ms vopj 
fate diruiM room sludv 
rrr option room £600 p w 
Phone Ol 437 8320 



OACIKHUNO inittMiuce wue 
lun, it K L riKpsJavfed reads 
now. hunk, km 01 indie 0722 


* M D.n cu Bosiqueiv w 
p-*aui«. 7.3 Mallard PI TwtrV 
Midd» Ol 842 1815 



*<Jhitinglo,i i'oi 1 t 24hr %« tsi 
lit CoHJnah.,11, .Apis. Ol 373 

■“"•in 2 hr*d v r an ties I 10 
P.itk A taut 1, in 373 6306 iTi 


Opporiunliy Tor ex perl 
lyptsi Inlerosled in layout 
and oresentaiion W> ions 
busy P R Company in 
W2 Good organiser wilh 
inuiauve required. 

Excel fenl Salarv 

Trteohone. 01 aoz 3401 


The se.srrn bout One calf 
lo Ifoljdavfax fbe computer • 
i«ed rirarma home fca 
chartered ftiMib* la Spain A 
cl her popular resorts Instant 
bookinav 3 ronfirmaHoRs 
Trt now lor desk nation 
Tn Malaga Aitcanie 

Palma Faro Tencrl/r 
L Palmas Lauearote 

01878 9141 

ATOL 2065 




0484 548 996 

SUPERIOR Flats a houses ai ail 
* regd for dlptomurv exeeu 
lues Long « short lels in all 
areas UpfnaKM, 4 & 48 Albe 
marie Street bl Ol -194 5334 



WCLHAM P.iiii 

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rtii. rrfmi.uv 

V .11 Rglirjl- M*>4H|,||. 
aH*Yl ^5 I m Pll Mill o| 

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N|a'|psn|i ni Pofu 
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rinvrri Vtufmafigini 

1 , '*.Niin T iifMla't i I ih 
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Ma*| hlHIU 

\ '..l.-l Wllll’all Mill 
I ■•iii**i|,i\ J.mii.11 


L«miail a d'.'nu ,ii 
rw, V.'tv-a-N 
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WHYTE SiiJi!riiJ\ 'll L. IU'I. ill 

w«iaul ni’U’i hr.v^ **»n s.ii»i>nx 

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.inrt FjoIu BortT rtn 

Vl.llg-.r la. Mrs lti, ll S H'||| l> ^ 
Mi' VI • id* 'lllJ If rvld 
Hi llll- <i|il P,|i |6h «. hill III 
IN l> l lii-aiir mi Sailijliin I fin «t 

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Vauxhall tuto r 3 61 «4A5 
nui, aahrle, metallic 
ni.rlr llfrn, lK-iaje t .Slur ink*, 1 
(e | 1, M„, , Tlajni aaetv. 

I *■ non nirta— . T>vH. £8 445 
VlnW Wu J P , t| 10(15 
■llMn r.Hjarefuira ravl na.-l.iUac. I, hi n.i ra fe 

* I n-.vitrt Irum rex 

■5JW imtaw fSH £10 405 
Betti .rlan< e t ef n. lev r.n. onlt 
de«j|in.,| -r . ., I in ■ I Lit.- 
rn mil 1 2 innnlbv p.trty^id 

Jelmaar M .ir r .11 1 1 ■. 


870 Sllullurcl Rtu.1 
Spar* lltll 

811 nnnqhanr Mu xss 
TEL 021 777 33*1 

fir CAN Mr. irrd now. L f\\v. ,t|il 

'I HH.T \||t ITii-wK* Sgl^ f 

1 1 Tfh rtijr 


■vf.iir 1 OtiiM) I.UKe n.vt wnh avr 
• (JU 11 kilaje heat room 
ci-Tunn nmn liirrli,, 1.1 78 7 5 
(Mail l.-l 3d... 2830 .die, fc pm 

ISLINGTON i.*re Vnv*i mra o r 
m tu\ uaiden iikns 'tiih OH 
wi.niijeiin tori' p a eveluvat i- 
837 51 To aJI'-i 5 pm 

HARROW. I aaliaef person la nun 

I'll -It I oiniorl.mie noarve JII 

l "I l 'jilie^.inal flnischl 1 eviden 
IMl Jie.i O'vit 1.11 or 
1 1'eifrif r..r4e rrmm .1114 full ue- 
nr h.aa— » ai liaalni'i warKeir 
vt80 ja-'i moaiin TCtijIickic 

000 V*at3 

PROF MAH 20*- retjiiiefw in, 
nefusl .arcom I (.ladnn a.F.1 
H.*f Pi 1 -lei 1r.11 house e 
Drill I .Him Fveiniill C'l 3 52 

*.111 'Ll a 01 362 OOST „ — 
EALJMC. pin, v, 24-. n v 10 re1K1rm.1l Inv JUVd hse 
t km irvei V„ IW-4 • -av— . |i 
lieh 11 up n. 11, im I -Jr vi 14 

1 ■mi S74 J 1*00 e, 30 nan 
BARNES SW13. 2 r man nine 

am* u. muif Ini in'll ainngnl 

he-lava- 7 linns lire MR U3|i« 
870 IMIat 

FLATMATES Weleelne wh.uuiu 
Well inti .valnrl.iri — f- ■■ - 
Pfu- l.-l Jail Ol 3HO FJV, 

SlJ Ml PI. 'll Rival via 3 

SOUTH FIELDS » ctnaie jo 25. In linijli IVi. aiwu atonl.le 
. anna IIJS |>n. evil %g «. 
Weil Ol 437 .34 34 nkaa-vi 
*W1P fa, ri, IJ f . sinajla* I 
'«'e 6 Time. WainlileiVHi 

P.11 k nun- 1*. I 50 jacm ev. I Tel 
01 e74 ryeti 

loc 3 (Ml week r 0 help mn 
(rieiull* office off Henvinqfon 
High bX Wide varielk Of work, 
irorn piopent dei rtopmenl to 
.inimafv. opoorfunm to tram on 
wp Good irtepbone manner el 
vnlkil Call C Taunton 01 937 

meiXaa .wveriiwng and Pubtie 
Rrtalaoiav Coicni Garnet, bu 
I ran HO nee* Slrret EC4 Q|- 
363 769b 

,lia and Public Relation*. 
Cmenf Carden Bureau, no 
Flee I Sf. ECa. 363 7696 
ftlTb and drwinm 
Pe*in letup powliom 4.VXSA 
Speeialol Amici Ol 734 0932 




For low a-ou riiahiv pun ho- 
leh- Car hire. Invuranee and 
loair arrangement*, pnonr 

01-930 2556 

Hermiv Trove* 

3S Wlnirlull SWI 



HovnaorkH Trjvrf 
Ol 430 1366 



Bu^kinohiuTi Travrt 
Ol 836 8622 


USA from C99 Mator travrt 01 
4«5 4237 I AT V 

HALF PRICE xkf ,ng holidays tor 
(wo Deparr 16th February (or 
2 weeks Aipoarh Austria Tel 
6levet,S9e 811513 aimr 
6 30pm 


or self ralortng apis Coach or 
111 trtffn £79 Phone now* for 
our Drorfurre Drrtni Travrt 
Ol 3T3 3391 

CM) rift pile, bargain ski boh 
days m Tlgptw bkiworfd ox 
602 J826 

SKI TWNES 8 IS March with 
owm utrtrurfor Flight, hotel 
HB. irrMrurtion included C2S9. 
Tel 0272 738317 
SKI FUCKTS dally K- Cerarva. 
Zunrti. Munich etc from £69 
Ski W esi 037 3 86481 1 
SKI MOMMf great dtsrouulk 
avatl^te for Frt». A Mar Bing 
06 91 7136 20 

SKI OBCRGUftGL Mar 1623 
Mtxed Ud party £250 Trt Adn 
an 01^42 4877 



World w me low cost ftmnt-. 

and *** ran Dro ' e H 
165.000 nw-fiiv since 197c, 
FROM £766 









EvlJMlWed rlaamlefe 


Hionevt vianaardv sougfvi 

wriljm pfeaae fri 

— . in me 

Buvjjipvv Plrov im veparacrtv chentv to whom mil oouhraUon 
-jwuio not be torwardrd. 

Douglas Stewart Associates 
Suilc 500. Chesham House. 

150 Regent Street. London W|R 5F.A. 



We aae .1 haeatium and irvemili CUV firm r-i rhanered arroun 
kinlv 1.1th .1 narvi audw pavilion lo nil Vou wvll be an amng 
I**" uauoerv with an evpandim, ana s Java etteru poruono 
V .HI -Should he 30- well organeed and able fo work on your 
own UirlialfrX f 

Please phone 01-353 9581 eixn 213. 



0 * A Lo«M 

Malheanaitr-a. Economies and 

Ihe Snenrev 

Far detatlv 

The Principal Avhboume 
TuVorv W 61 Kenvfooton 
High Srreel. London W 8 
6 EO 

Trt Ol 937 3888 I 

BONHAMS 6 wk full lame. C20tn 
3 paial Aril Course -kirtv 28*h 
April Apply Prnaripal Ol 584 


head or eowese **ilh Bcurd 

tna iMMninwp tnudito 

IIF>I SunftTKT on 
it^llf^rt 4 'yprk roMdrniitri rcMiivr 
nr.->r Npwbun DcC4lH Irorn • 
\ ■ w’.Vro iMl SluJw. PepvY Oak 
Tidrfurm (b*rti^ 

S^iMto Ml orunivT rr- 

QU " r ^ ™ 4 i«n>k rnnaenttas 

\ < y rt ^ iV€ SUKfanm il 

1 7 irus vumntir DHdJh 

\ jrAlrorul SlmtiPf Pcp>^ Oak 


PERTH £371 



SINGAPORE £225 £4£2 
MlAMI/FUMUOAtttt £309 
HONG KONG £237 £474 
DELWBOMSAY £250 £399 
£DJ-0M8° £241 £420 

CAWO £160 £270 

NAIROBI £23-j m 
£288 £473 
UMA PM £484 

IOS ANGELES E187 £321 

NEW YORK £129 £255 

GENEVA £ 75 £ 89 

Lc«g Hart Fflgkia D1-W3 (5(5 
iSbBurtnm dm 01-830 3444 
Go — r a ii diP UcankM/SondM 

**** «ATA ATOL (450 

with pm ate oonH 
aitd (UD nail an me Palmer and 
blue book roll 49j 


0y Mayfaevaf town oa 
Karoa »■ me n-amiiu, 
’ ar f utuiana Valiev Farm. 

hoanev. i iUav apart. A eotmiry 
notch JETFARES Ol eS 

rartilkiil. >rve,i!,; 

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Tc ■ 2781 aravkmi . r. 

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M i.l in vfiar.- v a-, 

-i-i..-^iiFe| rants r.ept kl , 
laatnip. -^-n v!V>tm j» .(; 
ekfi* : ;- 6 k 

HlGHGATE Irrrhar u'.aie .ui, M 
*■•• v • 7 tenrurfi Vixfl (la, *ai 
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■"•a. tail a ':840 a.- OI .’41 

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rear: m 7-iouw n«t< rwth 
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fieilvil,. uuifv All acruv *u*7 
261 C ' Oat- 

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HAMPSTEAD 2 Sflm'i | rtMe | 
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teir-er Cl 50 0-1 Co Irt Utrt 
7c»4 HjytaO 4AK 2406 
‘■"JFIW luroehail Har in wnall 

PM he. Il : neorrc l,f, BUI le, 
£i«0 P'. c: 1B9 CSI! 

H-W IX -Vi:, .y in e -veH ufiurf'-d 
t*J lice, | la, 3 I.-Ov bVjriQr 
k't .('.Ml '411—. OoTAIW Tel 

«55 6K“*. 


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rta-ul . Na, Iran repurl rrl PkOI 
“37 ciHK 

SPACIOUS 3 hen (OUVF r.yrs 

Lrk cl «e.»r phene 1,45 
D w iXjiwkv ton 9! 677 .“61C 
IKira-kM.iIvKv lm f o nr 

*LWa» Wood Fufii ha, „■ 'tutei 

l'» J *»t!l .11*. ItaHIb III, new kll 

a:nri ojinry ihwn rim, 
CH L250PW OC«4 4(.|(24 
SWlO 1 V pa/ >C U3 V c au Item 
Ikil our dbl nad ‘OUJKjr VAIi 
c n ijitrv iwoi-e irh-'i'anii 
C120 on T.vl e> : 55? 4415 
SWISS COTTAGE, -vnoif lo,.., 

lei v'rye. lawn rrv I .• 

'«(« r-r- rt* Odn C300 b w 
C l 4«S 4?Vb 

US. COMPANY vnrtas luru prop 
rrlre. „• f-M LoeMoit .il'.r- 
< ABM VV v CASUAL. -Ewalr 
Vgei'h-' Ol S84 Sfidl 
VICTORIA IMC 2 hrd rial CM 
> (Kill 1.4. '.vavnef p lira, 
LUapn O'. 6?" >s,c 

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vciim rnep CH Ciow Cjm 
POd Ll «i gv Trt OJo 

EALHfO WS dove -g lure luvurv 
L Ivittoem ita' lo in An jnnii 
(•ev u?50 ow 840 4481 
U V*7 ir park. fu«ur» l 

<. Z & H.iK * Loi*9 
••nrTrP I.-|s Q$S ^51 ^ 

RCCIXTS PARK Pqtit'ijii 

P!#r lux lurn * r 

Sjs'^Sm qri " t '- D " 

WI. 1 hen frjMuvhed na,. : teren 

kll A lia:n. E 1 2S p Iv 5 nioiiife. 

01 4Bo .SK28 

VWJ-TS GLOS BDR. Phainung 
w ludnd turn f'd (aim 
him & I nrm lei 04*0 o304a7 

WM0BLCDON. Srter.ei,. 

hnituw ■ lull no riK* lu terra, ll* 
W'llramv A Son Ol 94“ 31 JO 




' Lalfllh F Jr mho LIST kffri 4] fz 

or IO Ci75-*M2 2740 ,24 HrM 


EXPEDITION 86 12 weet.-. 

. tram e a, j iifeftine teavnei 
Loudon un \|a e 1 1 r,a»Mita Sa 
Iwira Orvert in Clhonhua ke„va 

atm leiut,, ,n loiiocH. Fawl 
r. I BOu iiKliidiirq jii ,ood 
medic jgv and laces for Mule and 
Female Musi nr ft, Limned 
number or warrs Deposit v 
cured To iotii. write personal 
deMils ta ELspedtlJon IrAdrr. I 
Cagte street. HowarUt Keigh 

le*. Viesl V Orksmre 




(100/ 60) srtOl WP exp. 
■*("'* UnicdBMv. Jodi 
our loam cd 
tenia todey 


ni XRV OI llll I IMI S 



BU *“ 


AJ The Post House Hotel Canibndgeon Sunday arffttauiKv 

01-549 4251 

Sunev KT7 6 RaJ 

Nearly 1-4 mOIion of flie 
m ost af floent people in the 
country read the classified 
columns <rf The Times. The 
. following categories appear 
regularly every week, and 
are generally accompanied 
by relevant editorial articles. 

Use the coupon (right), 
and find out bow easy; fast 
and economical itistoadver- 

tise m The Times Classified. 

MONDAY F*r« ten: Univer- 
sity Appointments. Prep. &. Public 
School Appointments. Educational 
Courses .Scholarships^ Fellowships. 


a comprahensive guide to the 
computer markeu 
Legal AppMimnests Soliatws. 
Commercial Lawyers. Lfigal 
Officers. Pnvaic & Public practice. 
Legal La Crnne; a new classifica- 
tion for top legal secretaries. 

WEDNESDAY La Creme de b 
Creme: Seoeurial/PA appointments 
overX75flO. General secretarial. 
Pmpetty: Residential, Commercial. 
Town & Coon tty. Overseas. Rentals. 

THURSDAY Ccsml Appcmn- 

■ntt: C hietTsecuiives. Managing 
Directors. Directors. Sales and 
Mart; cling E xccutivcsand Ovc raeas 
Appointments. Including a new 
classification entitled Finxodxl and 
Accooalfltic] AppatatmevU. 


FRIDAY Motais A complete car 
buyers' guide featuring established 
dealers and private sales. 

Biwinerv f mtornr 
Selling property, franchises, 
equipment etc. to small and large 
companies or businesses. 

Saturday o«™ts Th«L 

Holidays abroad. Lm* cost flights. 
Cniiscs,Corhin:. LULTrareL 
Hotels. Cottages. Holiday lets. 

Pen FHeadsa new classification Car 
your^ readers 10 coruactpooptc with 
saratsr inierests ax hone and ovetssts. 

Fill in the coupon and attach 
we will contact you with a quotati< 

Rales are Lineage £4 per line imin t Miacruon. 

column ccminwuE. Court and Social'^ per ^ ^ 




TELEPI lONEiDuvimia* 



flmva4Ug, lwnc tnI Ws , 11 

ir* **»; 

I'V, V 

•* o 

?■» “'V' 







with his test 4. 

Heathcfiff -TheCat The 
funny feline becomes a 
reluctant ton-tamer 4. 15 
Jacfcanory. Jane Asher 
reads part five of The 
Railway Children 4.30 
Secrets Out Mike Smith 
presents another of the 
odd hobbies guessing 

Mewsround Extra. John 


l ?SiB 




rt Bernard 
and Barbara Kelly 

740 Blarikety Blank. Les 

Dawson’s panel this week 
consists of Peter Miss, 
Debbie Arnold, Roy 
Barradough, Jgntae Long, 
Bertice Reading and Mike 
Reid (Ceefax) 

8.10 Dynasty. Blake visits Delta 
Rho in order to buy a 
horse for his wife's, 
doppeiganger. Will he 
discover Sammy Jo's 
plot?' Meanwhile, Michael 
and Amanda seem to 
warming to each other, 
and Alexis recdves an 
appealing offer from King 

930 News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 

030 Lovejoy. The wheeling and 

is on the trail of a pair of 
Regency pistols that cooid 
lead to me identity of a 
murderer. Starring Ian 
j McShane (Ceefax) 

• 1030 Victoria Wood- As Seen 

on TV. Comedy sketches 
and songs from the 
talented comedienne, 
assisted by, among 

• others. Julie waiters and 
Celia Imrie (r) 

10.55 Film: El Condor (1970) 
starring Lee Van Cteef, 

Jim Brown and Patrick 
O'Neal. A prisoner on a 
chain gang learns of a 
fortune hidden m an 
j isolated mountain 

fortress. He escapes and 
joins forces with a small- 

• time crook and a 100 
Apache Indians and make 
for the legendary castle of 
El Condor. Directed by 
John GuiHemiin 

1235 Weather 

I f O* hS£> I 

ljtub i uvir-s r klua * rtoKu^Ki / i*©o 

Today’s television and radio programmes fg*j* 55*“ 

6.15 Good Morning Britain 

presented by Anne 

Diamond and Nick Owen. 

Exercises at 630 and 

7.30, 830, 830 and 9.00; 
sport at 635 and 734^ 

84S; fashion swimwear at 
JW; and Woman of the 
Week at 9.12 


m t 

Schubert (QuEutat In G. D 

9.10 SudeCzedchPO play the 
Symphony in C minor, op 

10.15 The Hariequin Years. 

Roger Nchois looks 
back on Parisian musical life 
after the Fast World War. 
With Doda Conrad , Manuel 
Rosanthal and Darius 



Radio 4 


9.00 Ceefax 

935 Daytime on Two; lesson 
five of a French 
conversation course 932 
• Part five of The Boy from 
Space 10.15 Maths: 
Ftbonaci sequences 1038 
Part three 01 the historical 
drama. The Silver Bucfcfe 
11.00 Behind the scenes 
at Glasgow's Airport 1132 
The redevelopment of 
London's docklands 11.44 
What makes people 
dishonest at work? 12.05 
Part five pf the series on 
the uses of 
microcomputers 1235 
Computers in education 
(ends at 1 .00} 1.10 Is there 
a solution to the problem 
of famine? 133 Part two of 
the Panorama programme 
on the Japanese Boy 
Scout who snuggled 
heroin 230 A team of 
'roadies' as they tour 
Britain with the pop group 
Madness 230 English: the 
power of language 250 

230 A Question of 

Economics. An 

investigation Into the work 
of the City of London, (rt 
330 Dance Matinee. Run LAe 
Thunder, a work created 
by Tom Jobe for the 

London Contemporary 
' Dance Theatre, (rt 
335 The Chord Sharp. An 
animated fflm about a 
guitarist who always plays 

the wrong chord. By 

i t ; f i ■ . *‘ i w 

college chimin Palm 
Springs at the same time 
that Her friend's husband 
is murdered. Starring 

tendtadtes t 

930 H»e GenBe Touch. Maggie 
and other detectives from 
the Seven Drate station 
attend a seminar on the 
crime wave hi London's 
totals (r) (Oracle) 

1030 News «t Ten and weather 
1030 The London Proyamme . 
John Taylor reveals that 
the Government's policy 
of raffing off council 
houses has run into 
serious, trouble. Fofiowed 
' byLWT news headSnes 

1130 South of Watford. Hugh 
Laurie interviews scu^ftx 
Eduardo Paolozzi 
1130 Special Squad. The 
policemen take on the 
local Mafia when a murder 
occurs tea wholesale 

1235 Now From London. James 
King and tee Lone Wolves 
hi concert 

130 ffijpit Thoughts 

3.00 World Bowls. Quarterfinal 
action from the Embassy 
World Indoor Bowls 

530 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather 

535 Rim: The Drum (1938) 
starring Sabu. Raymond 
Massey and Roger 
Live sey. A.E.W.Mason's 
. tale, set in the North West 
frontier of India during the 
time of the British Raj, 
about inter-tribal warfare. 
Directed by ZoJtart Korda 

730 Hero Live includes Lesley 
Judd training as an air 
traffic controller with the 

730 Bxmy. Brian Nicnoison, 
chairman of the Manpower 
Services Commission 
talks to Juliet Alexander 
about why there are few 
black teenagers on 
advanced industrial 
training schemes. 

839 Travellers in Time. This 
third film in the series of. 
six on the theme of 

. exploration is one 

commissioned by Captain 
. Scott for photographer. 
Herbert Pouting to record 
his final South role 

.jxxpeditkxMf) . _ . 

830 Gardeners’ World. Roy 
Lancaster and Geoff 
Hamilton visit Burford 
House Gardens, designed 
by John Treasure as 
garden for all seasons 

930 Tom O'Connor. The 
‘entertainer's themes this 
week are comic events 
that can occur In the 

935 World Bowls. Highlights 
from today's quarterfinal 
action in the Embassy 
World Indoor Bowls 

1035 Did You See-? This j 

week's guest critics are i 

Arm Le^e, Julian Temple ' 
and Jenny Leooat They 
review The Marriage. 

Dead Head and Saturday 
Live. In addition, Adam 
Raphael reports on the 
current state of party 
political broadcasts 

1030 Newsmght 1135 Weather 

<1.40 World BowhkFurther 

Championship. Ends at 

330 Fragile Earth 

Retrospective. A repeat of 
the programme drawing 
attention to the continuing 
destruction of the fabric of 
our planet 

430 Countdown. Yesterday’s 
winner Is challenged 
David Learner, an actor 
from King’s Lynn. 

530 Gynmasiics- Coverage of 
the Gold Top Champions 

530 The TabCLThb week's five 
bands Include Charlie 
Sexton; on fflm are Heart 

730 Channel Fttur news and 


730 Right to Reply. TV Eye's 
Pop Into Politics is 
accused of being biased. 
Reporter Denis Tuohy 
defends the programme. 
Plus, the best onto Video 
Box of which there are 
now three, a new one 
having been instated at 
Central Television's 
offices in Birmtegham 

830 What the Papers Say 
Awards, introduced by 
Godfrey Hodgson. Rate 
Street's fop writers are at 
London's Savoy Hotel for 
the awards presented by 
Dr David Owen 

830 A Week in Pbfltics, 

report on the mner 
inducing an interview with 
the minister responsible, 

* Kenneth Clark 

930 Brothers. American 

comedy series about three 
brothers. Tonight, Kefiy, 
aged 30 and sbl a 
spinster, is down in the 
dumps and the brothers 
throw a party to try and 
cheer her tip. 

930 Gardeners' Calendar 
introduced by Hannah 
Gordon from the Royal 
'Horticifittifal Society* s • 
gardens at Wisley. The 
tasks for February (ry 

4 (LOO Ch e ers. The new batman. 
Woody, is pining for hts 
gprtfrtend who He left in 
IrxSana. Sam arranges a 
surprise reunion (Oracle) 

1030 Howto Survive the 9 to 5. 
The first of four 
progr am mes on stress at 
work and howto 
overcome the comfitior 

1130 film: Privtage (1967) 
starring Paw Jones and 
Jean Snrimpton. Drama, 
set in the future, about a 
successful pop star who is 
used by the government 
as a means of corrtroWng 
the violent impulses of the 
young. He evenfoafiy 
rebels against his 
exploitation. Directed by 
Peter Watkins 

1.10 FBik Strange Befaavtoir 
(1980) A cameo about a 
commuter who, in his 
fantasies, rejects his 
suburban existence. 
Directed by Antony 
Penrose. Ends at 130 

555 Shipping. 630 News 
Briefing; Weather. 6.10 
firming. 835 Prayer for the 

day (s). 

630 Today ted. 630, 730, ' 

830 News. 635 
Business News. 635, 755 
WSether. 730, 830 
News. 7-25.8-25 Sport 735 
thought for the Day. 835 
Yesterday in Parfament. 

850 Your Letters. 857 
Weather; TraveL 

930 News. 

935 Desert Island Discs. 

Michael Parkinson talcs 
to Demis Taylor, world 
snooker champion (r). 

9l 45 The Armada Revenged. 

Last of six talks on Spain 

1030 News; tetemmonaf 

1030 Morning Story; The 
Competition by Robert 
Rietty. who is also the 

10l 45 Daily Service from St 
Malachy's Coflege, 

1130 News; Travel; Pitere of 
Society, rack Clarke 
• reports on the working of the 
Inland Revenue, now fit 
the throes of organizational 

1138 Natural Selection. 

Different spedes of bees 
on the African 
savannah. 1200 News; 
The Food Proq'amme. The 
Bnk between pmosphy 
and food. 

1237 In One Ear. Comedy half- 
hour. 1255 Weather. 

130 The WOrid At One: news. 

140 The Archers. 155 

230 8 Hour 

from Cardiff. Indudes a 
feature on the Mumbles 
lifeboat crews. 

330 News; Jude the Obscure. 
Thomas Hardy’s novel 
dramatized in 6 parts, with 
Michael Fennlngion as 

430 News. 

435 Frank Mur Goes Into - 
Misunderstanding. With 
Alfred Maries (r). 

430 Katakfcwcope. 

530 PM: Newsmagazine. 

Jacobs and the team 
monitor tee world of travel 
and transport 

730 News. 

755 The Archers. 

730 Pick of the Week. TV and 
radio extracts, presented 

(Serenade n E minor); 
Dvorak (Serenade in E). 
1130 Soprano and Piano: 

ANson Hagan end lain 
Ledtegham. Songs by Grieg 

Week tn Synod. 

during this 

etc); and Strauss (Traum 

durch tfle Dammerung, 


12.10 BBC Welsh SO, with 
John Scott ( 
one. Hande! 

the General 

830 Law In Action. (Joshua 

845 Arty questions? WflEam 
Rodgers. Joan Lestor, 
David Meflor. MPand 
Katharine Whitethorn 
tackle questions from an 
audience in 

930 Letter from America, by 
ABstair Cooke. 

History 14-4 

Radio 3 

855 Weather. 730 News. 



630 Channel 
That's Whan 
830 Fall Guy 
1035 McwSrnakera 11.10 
Wicker Man 1245am Closedown 

tynetees ^*?^ 

130 Search for Wealth 130- 
830 Film: Hen Drivers* 5.15-545 
Jcertie Loves Chachi 630 
Northern Lite 630-730 What 
Would You Do? 730-830 FhU 
Guy 1032 Extra Time 11.15 Flnr. 
Hend Without Face 1240am 
Three’s Company, Closedown 
ear - 130pm Countdown 

130 Famky Ties 230 Taro 
Nodyn 230 Stori Seri 235 
Clpcxwg 255 biterval 330 Bad- 
minton 450 Y Oorechod 530 
-Mteus Potprsur 530 The Titee 730 
Newyddkm Saith 730 Pobd Y 
Cwm 830 Caryf 830 Fal'Na Mae! 
9l15 FSrtr Accounts 11.10 
Ghosts fri the Machine 1235am 
Week in Potties 1235 
Closedown . 

GRAMPIAN As London _ _ 

a™™ except 1230pm- I feedHitchcot 
130 Search ter Wealth 130 I Closedown 

News 130 That's Hollywood 200 I TSW As ^ 
Yelow Rose 330-330 Mr & I - 123C 

lifts 639-740 North Tonight 739- * -■•—***- - ~ ■ 
830 Knight Rider 1030 
Crossfire 1130 Flnt Troflenberg 
Terror 1240am News, 


cmmQH As London ex- 
SCOTTI&n egpfc i230pm-130 

Search tor Weeith 130 News 
130 A Counfry Practice 230 On the 
Market 339830 Mr 8 Mrs 630 ______ 

News and Scotland Today 630- BORDER 

730 Report 730-830 Shmdg SearchtorVI 

1035 Weys and Means 1130 Late 130 Wish Y( 

Calll.10 The Master 1235am RjrcC^ctec 

Wanted - Dead or Aflve 1235 
Closedown 5.15-645NS 


Search ter Wealth 130 News Bocderfiwli 

130-330 FUttc Greek Tycoon (An- News. Close 


WeekendSioSrc^Beds, J^St3DH 

Hard Battles (Peter Sefiars) 

145am Closedown 

ARANADA/* Lor ^2l5 x ' . M Were Here? ! 

UhANMUM .- i230p»-i30 Champunla 

That's Hoflywood 130 GraiMda 730DHfrent 

Reports 130Shafl-LOTKtonSym- FalGuy 103 

phony Orchestra Music tencel230‘ 

Scholarship 33S Granada RteXWtS 1 230am Cloi 

330-430 Young Doctors 5.1 \Sr Tire As Lor 

545 Beverty Hwififies* (LOO Gra- Ai=1230r 

nadaRmorts 630-730 Cosby wealth 130 F 

Show 730-830 Knfaht Rider 1030 Mrs ZOO Arc; 

New Avengers 1130 Rkn: Al- 
fred Hitchcock's Frenzy 140am 

TRW As London except: 

-'-y-" 1230pm-130 Search for 
Wealth 130 News 130 F8m: 

Spanish Gardener (Dirk Bogarde) 
Z10 Ice 215 Home Cookery 
335-430 Young Doctors 630 To- 
day South West 630-730 
Whafs Ahead 730-830 Magnum 
1032 FOnt GoTefl the Spartans 
(Burt Lancaster) 1230am Post- 
script. Closedown 

BORDER ™^ 100 

Search for Wealth 130 News 
130 Wish You Ware Here? 230 
Rim: Circle of Danger (Ray 
MNand) 330-430 Young Doctors 
5.15-545 Nature Trill 630 
Lookanxmd 630-730 Funny You 
Should Say That! 1030 
Borderfive 1130 Sweeney 1230am ; 
News. Closedown 


1230pm-130 Search for 
Wealth 130 News 135 Help Your- 
self 130 FOnr. Sabotage* 255 
Home Cookery 33CFX30 Wish You 
Were Here? 5.15-545 Charlie 
Champunia 630 Calendar 630- 
730 Diffrent Strokes 730-830 

FSl Guy 1030 fihr CcxvM Inher- 
itance 1230 Thaf s Hollywood 
1230am Ctesedown 
TVS As London except 
•i-r 2 1230pm-i30 Search ter 
WfoVth 130 News 130 Mr & 

Mrs ZOO Arcade 230 Hotel 33 

Yesterday's Tomorrows 5.15^545 
Mr Smith 630 News 630-730 
Good Neighbour Show 730-830 
Knight Rider 1030 Your Say 
1045 Scene '88 11.15 Fim: The 
Late Nancy bvfng 1240am 

HTv. wales &KU* 

930am-1230 Schools 630pcn- 
730' Wales at Six 1030-1130 Sur- 
vival c t the Finest 1130- 
1235am fibn: The Late Nancy 

Weahh 130 Lunchtime 130 
Golden Salamander 330 Mr & Mrs 
330-430 Personal View 5.15 
Beverly HffliMes* 6.00 Good Eve- 
ning Ulster 630 Sportscast 
640-730 Advice with Anne Hafies 
730-830 Knteht Rider 1030 
Witness 1035 Falcon Crest 1130 
Barney Mffler 1155 Show Ex- 
press 1230am News, Closedown 


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Agony in Colombia wins photography award 

Letter from Manila 

By Clifford Longiey 
Religious Affairs 

With only minor reserva- 
tions. (he Anglican report 
highly critical of government 
policy in the inner cities was 
adopted as official policy by 
the General Synod of the 
Church of England yesterday. 

An attempt to distance the 
chuTch from the more polili 
cal and controversial aspects 
of the report was defeated. 
One frequent criticism was 
taken on board, however 
that it dealt incompletely 
with the more specifically 
spiritual pans of the church's 

There will therefore be 
■■further examination of the 
opponunities for the church 
to fulfil its evangelistic 
mission" in inner city areas, 
which the synod asked its 
standing committee to take 
in hand. 

The report, published in 
December, castigated the 
Government for allegedly 
cutting the level of govern- 
ment spending in inner city 
areas, and proposed a mas- 
sive transfer of financial 
resources to the less prosper- 
ous parts of Britain. 

Its publication brought at- 
tacks from government 
sources for being left-wing, 
even Marxist. Although the 
Archdeacon of West Ham. 
the Vcn. Peter Dawes, said in 
proposing it that this did not 
mean endorsement of e very- 
line. a member for Norwich 
diocese. Mr. Paul Rippon. 
moved the exclusion of the 
section concerning govern- 
ment policy .But this was well 

Yesterday's debate was 
largely about details. There 
was an approximately even 
division concerning the 
report's proposed Commis- 
sion for Black Anglican 
Concerns, the one suggestion 
opposed by the synod's 
standing committee. An 
amendment supporting the 
idea was narrowly defeated. 

The Synod accepted in 
principle proposals for the 
establishment of a £10 mil- 
lion Church Urban Fund. 

Hope and fear in 
‘foreign meddlers’ 

To Resident Ferdinand 
Marcos they are “foreign 
meddlers*’. But to the oppo- 
sition camp foreign 
correspondents covering the 
surrealistic presidential elec- 
tion they are talismans of 
hope for a reasonably fair 
test of voters’ opinions. 

The problem for" Mr 
Marcos is that foreign news- 
papers introduce an element 
of realism into a country 
which is no longer sure what 
is real and what is imaginary 
about its leader after 20 
years of his stewardship. 

.Foreign newspapers have 
broken the stories which 
have been the principal 
issues in the campaign: the 
-feting of Mr Marcos’s war- 
time record as leader of the 
Mahariika “fire men" guer- 
rilla force against the Japa- 
nese, and allegations of 
fortunes stashed abroad not 
only in cash but in property. 

a foray inio Mindanao last 
week the Davao airport 
looked as though it were 
staging an exhibition of 
business jets. Mr Marcos 
arrived in the presidential 
Fofckcr F2S twin-jet airliner, 
named Mahariika after his 
now-discrcditcd guerrilla 
unit. Mrs Marcos used 
more stylishly feminine 
white Dassault Falcon Exec- 
utive jet; “Bong- Bong”, foe 
President's son. who also 
happens to be. governor of 
the family's home province 
of Jlocos Norte, came in a 
Leaije t. 

Mr Benjamin Romualdez. 
Ambassador to the United 
States and a relative of Mre 
Marcos, came in a 1 2-sea ter 
turbo-prop Becchcraft, and if 
the US Congress is wonder- 
ing what happened to foe 
controversial batch of Sikor- 
sky S76 helicopters bought 

“The Agony of Omaira", taken in Colombia by French photographer Frank Foamier of Contact Press Images of New York, won the 

1985 picture of the year award in the World Press Photo competition 

Only skiers gain as snow brings road chaos 

By Ronald Faux 
Ski resorts in Scotland 
suffered an embarrassment of 
snow yesterday, while m 
other parts of the country it 
brought confusion to the 

The falls were so heavy- 
roads to • the Cairngorm 
slopes ont of A vie mo re and at 
the Devil’s Elbow- in Glen 
Shee. near Blaigowrie, were 
completely blocked. The 
Lecht ski centre on the Cock 
Bridge Tomntoul Road was 
manned by an automatic voice 
on the telephone warning that 
all access roads had been 
closed by drifting snow and 
were unlikely to reopen that 

On Cairngorm about 1.000 
resolute skiers took their cars 
as close to the slopes as 

possible and then trudged to 
the ski lifts. 

The mountains were thick- 
ly blanketed with snow in 
contrast with the Christmas 
holidays when skiers had 
little more than their memo- 
ries of the sport to enjoy. 

In the morning rush hour 
motorways in the South-east 
were worst bit, with lane 
closures and speed restric- 
tioos on all principal routes to 
London. The Automobile As- 
sociation said that the worst 
congestion was on the Ml 
south- bound carriageway be- 
tween Northampton and 
Harpenden. where ice and 
accidents brought traffic to a 
standstill from junction 15 to 
junction 9. 

The Ad was closed by- 
accidents between South 

Minims and London Colney, 
in Hertfordshire. 

In Essex black ice caused a 
series of accidents and 
blocked the A12 and A127. 

The M4 elevated section in 
west London was dosed by an 
accident on the ice, and in the 
Thames Valley the M40 was 
reduced to a single lane by- 
snow np to fire inches deep. 

In the Midlands snow and 
ice gripped 12 comities, 
dosing steep sections of the 
A34. and bringing out the 
snow ploughs at Birmingham 
International and East Mid- 

the Penniaes. The Al in 
Northumbria was only nego- 
tiable with extreme care. 

In the west Of En gland 
principal routes across the 
Cotswolds were dosed for 

lands airports. Many high 
routes in Derbyshire and 
north Staffordshire were 

The M62 was for a time 
the only passable route across: 

The AA criticized lack of 
salting and gritting in some 
areas, particularly on the Ml 
and a Department of Trans- 
port spokesman admitted that 
Bedfordshire County Council 
had miscalculated by with- 
drawing gritting teams at 11 
pm on Wednesday night 
Although they were called ont 
again at 4 am it was already 

Although temperatures 
were little lower than minus 
three degrees centigrade over- 
night the Weather Centre 
said yesterday that it would 
stay cold for several days 
with persistent frost and more 
snow showers, particularly 
near the east coast. 

• BIELLA, Italy: Two 
mountaineers who disap- 
peared dming a snow storm 
in the Italian Alps 10 days 
ago survived by sheltering In 
a hole they dug in the snow, 
according to the police (Reu- 
ter reports). 

loo late because the newly 
fallen snow had already been 
hard packed into a surface 
like an ice rink. 

Alessandro * Benna and 
Roberto Miglietti were caught 
in a blizzard while climbing 
in the mountains near Vercel- 
li, north-west Italy. 

Until 1984 Filipinos would 
probably never have learned 
anything of these reports, 
but now there is a vigorous 
opposition press which glee- 
fully reprints every un- 
complimentary report it can 
get its hands on. Some of the 
president's journalist cronies 
take n rather hard: one 
columnist wondered in print 
if the American journalists 
might not be bringing a kind 
of journalistic Aids. 

But foe foreign journalists 
can hardly be ignored. There 
are already about 1,000 if 
you include the Americas 
networks, all of which have 
at least four camera teams in 
the country at fabulous cost. 

But not even foe Ameri- 
can networks can match the 
expenditure of the presiden- 
tial campaign. The children 
of sugar workers may be 
starving to death on foe 
island of Negros Occidental, 
but Mrs Imelda Marcos sees 
nothing incongruous in 
wearing an awesome di- 
amond ring in some of foe 
country's more backward 
areas. The cost of operating 
the presidential “air force" 
alone would transform the 
lives of thousands of her 
husband’s subjects. 

When foe President made 

Election showdown page 

to help to tackle the Com- 
munist insurgency, four of 
them are now in the tasteful 
pale blue and white of foe 
presidential Bight 
For overland travel. Air 
Force Hercules transports 
bring in “his-and-hers" bul- 
let-proof Buick limousines 

The value of the vice- 
president. Mr Arturo 
Tolentino. to the campaign 
may be gauged from foe feci 
that be is allocated an old 
Philippine .Air Force twin 
turbo-prop transport. 

Mrs Corazon Aquino, the 
opposition candidate, claims) 
to have visited most of foe 
electoral areas, usually in a 
business plane lent by 
Filipino corporation. That! 
was until her pilots suddenly 
started having problems with 
the Government licensing 

You could taste foe flavour 
of her campaign when she 
addressed the Philippines 
Chamber of Commerce over 
lunch in a five-star hotel It 
came in a box and consisted 
of a hard-boiled egg, a meat 
sandwich and a banana. 


Today's events 

Royal engagements 

Princess Anne. President of 
the British Knitting and Cloth- 
ing Export Council, visits 
Aqua scutum. Hemel Hemp- 
stead. 2: and later, as Immedi- 
ate Past Master of the Farriers 
Company. attends the Court 
Ladies dinner. Innholders Hall. 

Prince Michael of Kent, as 
President of the Kennel Club, 
attends Crufts Dog Show. 10. 
Exhibitions in progress 

Art — pictorial tradiuons in 
Britain and America: Stills 
Gallery. 105 High Street. Edin- 
burgh; Tues to Sat 1130 to 6. 
closed Sun and Mon (ends Feb 
8 ). 

Walking and Falling — A 
labyrinth of dreams — paint- 
ings. drawings, photography 
and sculpture by various art- 
ists: Kettle's Yard Gallery. 
Castle Street. Cambridge; Tues 
to Sal 12.30 to 5.30. Sun 2 to 

5.30 (ends Feb 9). 

One for the pot — poaching 
over the centuries: The Smith 
An Gallery and Museum. 40 
Albert Road. Stirling: Wed to 
Sun 2 to 5. Sat 10.30 to 5. 
dosed Mon and Tues (ends 
Feb 9). 

From Al to Medway — 
photographs by Paul Graham: 1 
Ramsgate Library Gallery,’ 
Guildford Lawn. Ramsgate; 
Mon to Wed 9.30 to 6. Tburs 
to Sat 9.30 to 5. Fri 9.30 to 8, 

Royal Festival HalL 8. 

Organ recital by Peter Good 
man. City Hall. HalL 12.30. 

Concert by the Scottish Early 
Music Consort. Henry Wood 
HalL SNO Centre, Claremont 
Street. Glasgow, 8. 

Schulze organ concerts with 
David Hicken (organ). Elles- 
mere College. 7-45. 

Piano recital by Liqja Ziv-Li. 


_ . Liora ZiV' 

The King's School. Dttery 
Mary. 7.30. 

closed Sun (ends Feb 12). 

by R 

Sketches and drawings , 

P Bonington: Castle Museusm, 
The Castle. Nottingham: Mon 
to Sun 10 to 4.45 (ends Feb 

| Last chance to see 
Trevor Stubley: retrospec- 
tive; University Gallery. 
Parkinson Building, 

Wood house Lane. Leeds. 10 to 


School's concert; Great Hall. 
Goldsmith's College. Lewisham 
Way. SE14. 2. 

Recital by the Guildhall 
String Ensemble. St Aimes'. 
Gresham Street. 1. 10. 

Recital by John Peuers and 
Martin Litton (drums, vocals 
and piano). Riverside Cafe. 

[Talks, lectures 

The drum beats in the field: 
musical reflections of war given 
by John Amriding. Harris 
Museum and Art Gallery. 
Market Square Preston. 12.30. 

Shostakovich's first sym- 
Jphony: Arts Council 

| Gallery. Belfast. 630. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,963 

Top Films 

The top box-office films In Lon- 

IQ) Rocky IV 
2(2) A Choms Line 

2 . 

3 (4 ) Back to the Future 
4(3) Kiss of the Spider Woman 
5 (5 ) Teen Wolf 
6(B) Death in a French Garden 

7 (7 ) Defence of the Realm 

8 (- ) Revolution 

9 (- ) My Beautiful Laundrette 
K) (6 j Year of the Dragon 

I The top Wins in the provinces: 

’ Rocky IV 

National Lampoon s European 

Back to the Future 
Letter to Brezhnev 
Prizzis Honour 

i SupWKway Soww 

Top video rentals 

1 f- ) Rambo: First Blood 2 

2 (j ) Ghostbusters 
3(2) Gremlins 

Beverly Hills Cop 
The Terminator 
Neverentfing Story 
Wizards of the Lost 

8(16) Into the Night 





1 Coloured girl (6). 

5 Waste Bob's time messing 
about (+4). 

9 Smart Aleck, a brainy chap 

10 Incomplete national flag (4). 

11 Congregation enthusiastic in 
cham (8). 

12 This is carried by runners 
using dispatch, they say (6). 

13 Mother, I am hurt! (6). 

15 Babies are often indignant 
<2. 2. 4). 

18 Go back to cover, traitor (8). 

19 Sound supports for a flower 

21 A poet who wrote about 
love on a ship (6). 

23 Forward in style, backward 
in story (8). 

25 What we pay for transport 
and food (4). 

26 As ordered, give her two 
gross { 10). 

27 Domestic, carpenter or 
nursery -man? (8). 

28 A requirement, perhaps, for 
the rest of the night shift? (3- 

4 Fix routine up to produce 
vegetable (6). 

5 Superb gin. rather unfortu- 
nately conies last (6, 2. 3. 4). 

6 To start a voyage causes 
trouble (4, 4). 

7 Chap's standing on his head 
in the mud (5). 

8 Skinny, toothless what's-his- 
name (9). 

14 Vaguely indicate a stupid 
charge (9). 

16 .Asceticism could be. it’s 
irue. always around (9). 

17 Bowl male in game (8). 

20 Found a home for a good 
man to love and get married 

22 A light at right angles (5). 

24 Alas for a Scot, about to 
appear yellow (5). 

9(8 j The Last 

10(7) Runaway 
Supplied by wwams 

The pound 


Austria Sch 
Denmark Kr 
France Fr 

r Dm 

Solution of Puzzle No 16,962 


2 No fugitive relative (2- 

3 One of the company is a 
peevish fellow (9). 

G erm an y O 
Greece Or 
Hong Kong S 

Ireland Pt 
Italy Lira 
Japan ren 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Rd 
Sweden Kr 
Switzerland Fr 

YugoeMa Dnr 













































Food prices 

Consumption of mushrooms, 
a fungus rich in Vitamin B. has 
risen by 45 per centin the past 
five years. Vitamin B is a rich 
mineral source, particularly of 
potassium, and the mushroom 
is high in fibre .and low in 
calories. British and Dutch 
mushrooms range from 35p to 
55p a half-pound, depending 
on size. 

Vegetable prices have not 
been affected by the weather. 
Brussel sprouts are excellent, 
although a tittle dearer this 
week al 22p to 36 p per pound. 
Spring-greens. 18 - 30p per 
pound. Primo cabbage. lOp- 
2 Op a pound, green and red 
peppers 60-85 per pound, and 
broccoli, 60p-£l.00 per pound 
are all good buys. Potatoes are 
7-l9p a pound, according to 
variety. Celery. 30-46p a head, 
cucumber, 60-90p each; iceberg 
lettuce. 65-95p a head, are best 
salad buys. Spanish, Canary 
Islands, and Moroccan toma- 
toes are 45p-60p a pound, but 
watch quality. 

Grapefruit at 10-35p each, 
oranges 6p-28p each, and 
clementines at 30-50p per 
pound are the best citrus buys. 
Although the weather is taking 
its toll, there should bd a 
variety of excellent quality fish 
available, the best buy nation- 
wide being fresh mackerel, 
which is cheaper than last week 
at an average 6Ip a pound 
Large cod fillets are £1.73 a 
pound; codling fiUets £1.55 a 
pound: coley, 91 p: smoked and 
fresh haddock. £1.75. Lemon 
sole is down 7p to an average 
£2.28 per pound, and Dover 
sole down 5p to £3.30. 

Topside and silverside is 
down by 3p to an average £2.30 
a pound, but rump steak is up 
by Sp to £3.90. Home-pro- 
duced lamb prices have in- 
creased by a penny on many 
cuts, namely whole-leg, £1.72, 
loin chop, £1.94, best-end 
chops, £1.71, and breast, 53p. 
New Zealand Iamb is un- 
changed. apart .from middle- 
neck. which is up to 66p per 
pound. Leg of poric is up by 3p 
per a pound to £1.07, and 
boneless shoulder is down 
slightly. All other cuts are 



Midlands: M5; Both 
s between junctions 
4 (A 38 Birmingham SW and 
Bromsgrove) and 5 (A38 

Droitwich). reduced to one lane 
and occasional closure of 
southbound access at junction 
4. MS: Repairs between junc- 
tions 2 and 3 (A4213 Bir- 
mingham WDudley) and 
junction 3 (A456 Birmingham 
W/Halesoweny, only two lanes 
open in each directions. A49: 
Repairs at three separate loca- 
tions between Shrewsbury and 
Ludlow; each with temporary 

Wales and. West M4: East- 
bound hard shoulder dosed 
between junctions 22 and 23 
(Cbepsiow/Magor); outside 
lane closed westbound. A377: 
Road widening in Bonhay 
Road. Exeter temporary traffic 

The North: Ml; Various 
contraflow at junction 32 on 
the southbound carriageway. 
M6I: Blacow Bridge (junction 
M61/M6): Construction of new 
motorway link on M61 at 
Walton Summit; left hand lane 
closure on both N and south- 



A very cold easterly flow 
rovers most areas. 

6 am to midnight 

London, E, W W dfand s. N 
Wales, NW. central N England, 
Lake District. Isle of Mas, SW 
Scotland, Gtosgow, Northe rn Ire- 
land: Sunny intervals, scattered 
tight snow showers; wind £ 
moderate or fresh; max temp 1C 

si: England, central S England, 
S Wales: Rather cloudy, snow 
showers mainly near coasts; wind 
E, fresh or strong; max temp 1C 

East AngSa, E, HE Entfand, 
Borders, Edinburgh, Dundee, 
Aberdeen, Central MgMands: 
Sunny intervals, snow showers 
marrrfy near coasts; wind E, 
moderate or fresh; max temp 1C 

Channel (stands, SW England: 
Mostly doudy. snow; wind E. fresh 

NOON TODAY IW k Aown in mHban 

or strong^ rnax^tenij^2C (38F). 

Fencing work and construction 
of new slip road at the junction 
with A 19 and B1432 N and S 
of Murton flyover, Durham. 

Scotland: A77: Width restric- 
tion on roundabout at the 
A71 1 9/A758 junction E of Ayr. 
A9: Single line, traffic with 
lights at Freswick, Cathness. 

. Moray FWh, HE, MW Scotland, 
r | Argyll, Orkney, Moray firth, Sfiel- 
1 1 tenet Sunny intervals, mainly dry, 
wind E. moder ate or fresh; max 
temp 3C (37F). 

Outlook for the weekend: 

Continuing very cold with severe 
frost persisting in places. Snow 
showers near North Sea coasts. 

High Tides 


London Budge 12.03 
A berde en 


Son Hi** 
7.30 am 

Sun Sets: 
5.01 pm 

7.19 om 
New Moon February 9 

Moon sets 
238 pm 

WTM SceiM sky and aaud: c- 
aoudy; overcast fro« d-drizde: h- 
hajl: mist -mist: r-rain; s-snow; Hv- 
m undent orm; p-showan. 

Arrows show wind dirattan. wind 
speed (mph) circled, 

WlWhon-ttao 10124 

Tide measured in metres: InwSXBOML 

Births: Saint Thomas More 
(canonized 1935). London, 
1478: Charles Dickens. Ports- 
mouth, 1812. 

Deaths; William Boyce, mu- 
sician. London. 1779; Ann 
Raddiffe, writer of the Gothic 
novel. London. 1823; Daniel 
Francos Malan, Prime Min- 
ister of South Africa, 1948-54, 
Stellenbosch. Cape Province, 


Lighting-up time 

Around Britain 


London 5 31 pm to 6 58 am 
Bristol 5.40 pm to 7.08 am 
Edinburgh 528 pm to 7.24 am 
Manchester 5.33 pm to 7.12 am 
Pwwanee 5-56 pmto7.i6am 


Sun Ram 
tins in 


Parliament today 

Co m m ons (9.30k Safety at 
Sea Bill, Crown Immunity Bill 
and other Bills, second reading. 

Jemjwiuras at midday ya st ar da y . c. 
|ttoud; 1. fair. t. nin; s, cm. 

f t 34 Gosnaey 
-2 28 i nw n wi 
1 2 34 Jersey 
e 0 32 Loudon 

_ f -1 30 Wochstar 

f?mh«gh 1 34 NawcasUa 
[Gtasflow 1 0 32 FTnldawnr 

C F 
t 236 
0 32 
e 337 

0 32 

1 34 
1 34 

t 236 

Snow Reports 

Rates for small denomination bar* notes 
; as supplied By Bansavs Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply io travellers 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Retail Price Mac 376X 

London: The FT Index closed up 

S.6 at 1171.7 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Rndgc will be hived 
loda> ai jpprPMmjirli 

1 2.35pm. 


1 U Piste 


Kitzbuhel 55 160 fair 

Lower south facing slopes icy 
Solden 90 220 good 

AH runs good 

Flaine 120 360 good 

ice forming off piste 
LesArcs 120 220 good 

Good on all runs 

CransMont 150 230 good 

Good piste skiing 
Gstaad 40 135 good 

Snow | 

St Mont 2 

Fantastic conditions 
Saas Fee 130 150 good 

Perfect skiing 

Verbier 501 80 good 

Good skiing everywhere 
ViJJars 60 160 good 

Pistes firm, off piste crust 
Wengen 50 125 good 

Icy patches on lower slopes 
Zermatt 120 225 good 

Excellent piste skiing 
in me above reports, supplied by representatives of the Ski Club 
of Great Britain, l refers to lower slopes and U to upper, and art 
(o artificial. Wednesday’s figures. . 

’ generally very good 
130 150 good 

Conditions Weather 

Off Runs to (5pm) 

Piste resort - °C 

















































Monday-Saturday ttrard your daay 
Portfolio total. 

Add mew toarther to dctiraitac 
I your weekly Portfolio MaL 

If your lout matcties the pubibned 
weekly dividend Usare you have won 

LoMMteft 03 
Ctaeton 32 
FofcBMom 52 
Hostage S5 
raa t b o urno ft.3 
Bif g W u n 5S 
Worttag 9 J0 
Utahontn 7 S 
BogaorR 7JB 
Soottoos 7.4 
Sdndoam 5S 
fllM nW n 62 
U o gffl s m t ft 7.7 
pools 7.8 
Swtasge 5.6 
WiRiMDl 63 
Enorih 6.7 
Tetgnmoiitb 4.8 
Totguay as 
Fstewath 5.3 
F sras n c e 4X 

Jarsey 3X 

Qu o m emr is 
Nmequr 3-5 



C F 

, __ . _ HtaKOUlM) 
3 37 atom Tenby 
1 34 snow am cohrynBsy 

Sun Ram 
tvs in 

C F 

3 37 snowpm Dowdas 
3 37 sun am 
3 37 M0ht 








39 sunny 
41 sunny 
39 sun am 
39 snowm 
39 Wight 


39 bright 
39 sunny 
41 sunny 
39 sunny 

41 sirmy 

42 sunny 
39 sunny 

38 sunny 

39 sunny 
39 sunny 
39 sunny 
38 sunny 

4. 3a sumy 
6. 41 stsunr 
4. 39 sunny 

4. 3S sun (m 

4 38 sunny 

3 37 sum 

5. 41 sun pm 

5 41 sun pm 

4 39 Cloudy 






1 2 










41 sun am 
36 snowpm 
41 sumy 
39 sumy 
39 snowpm 
38 snow 
36 sWspni 
34 snowpn 
3 37 snow 
3 37 snow 




39 bright 
39 bright 





3 2 













34 X2 

1 34 

4 39 snow 

5 41 snowpn 

6 43 stnpm 
S 43 bngws 
4 39 sunny 
G 41 snow 

3 37 stnpm 

3 37 snowpm 

4 39 snow 
3 37 snow 

4. 39 stutpm 

tor ttul 
your pru* 

T ■H e n nas TM 

U B2S4-J3272 

These are Wednesday's figures 



You must nave your card wUh you 
when you telephone. 

V you are unable to MiUwne 
someone rise can claim on your behalf 

MIDDAY: e. domt d. drizzle: f, lain ig. log: r. rain; &, sun; sn, snow, u thunder. 


The Turin Portfolio claims 
between the MOpulaled Uxnea. 

. No resnqnstDOfty can be accent e d 
for failure lb contact M cteina office 
for any reason within the 

The above instructions 
pUcaMe. lo .both daUp and 

A jacci o 



A l giers 

are ap- 

Times Portfolio cards include 
minor misprints In the llWrucUoas an 
the reverse side. The* cards are not 

•The wording of Rule* S and 3 has 
been espanded irom earner vers t o m 
fpr clarification purposes. The Came 
Useir a not affected and wiB continue 
to Decayed In exactly the same way 




ftn daii n 

©times newspapers 

1906. Printed i 

gggtiol as a newspaper « me Post 

B Arina 


Gap# Tii 


Ch i ca go 


C F 

c 11 52 Cologne 
f 16 61 Cptagen 
t 16 64 Cortu 
t 13 55 Dttbto 
S -4 25 Dubrovnik 
C 9 48 Faro 
r 19 66 fl oranc a 
rran to un 
S 8 48 F u nc ha l 
_ Ganna 
an -1 30 CSbraCar 
an -4 25 HaMnM 
Hoag K 

f 8 46 ft wAid 

c -2 26 fstnM 

b 3 37 Jeddah 

an -3 27 
s -2 28 

a 20 68 Uafaog 
a 26 78 Locarno 

C F 

d -3 27 Majorca 
d -7 IS Malaga 
r 9 46 iMtri 
r 2 36 IMb^ne 
r 9 46 Madeoc 
S 12 54 Mata 
S 7 45 (Man 
d -3 27 Montreal 
e 15 58 Moscow 
C 0 32 Munich 
S 13 55 Nairobi 
s-13 9 fisfVns 

C F 

1 12 54 Rone 
f 14 57 Sataxog 
1 14 57 S Paulo 
s 20 68 S Priaco 

C 3 37 

C F 

112 54 J. 
c -3 27 lr 

a-15 5 Strasbtg 
e.-4 25 Sydney 

r 9 48 Tal 

c 13 55 NeorOaM a 18 64 Tenants 

-3 27 N YcfK 
! S 41 ran 
f 27 81 Oata 

f 25 77 Peking 
1 18 84 Perti 
s 9 48 
c 3 37 

9 48 Lnambg an -3 27 

•»«sar , ,*br£j 

■ dengm figures am tateff ayaUito 

_ Tokyo 
c S 46 Taranto 

a 3 21 Tim 
a 1 34 Valencia 
a 1 34 VancVer 
* 23 73 Venice 
■ -5 23 Vienna 
f 3 37 Wartaw 
f 12 54 Waaifton 

s 28 82 WerngM* 


8 3 23 
I 30 86 
Sh -S J® 
e 0 32 

c 11 52 
I 16 61 
I 18 64 
s 643 

I 13 55 
4 12 w 

* a* 

s -4 2S 

fan g 

an -1 3° 



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1, V * y 

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