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No 62,377 








after 40 • 

Professional women 
are deciding that career 
comes first when it 
comes to starting a 
family. For the older 
mother, life really does 
begin at forty... 





Nuts to meat 
with variety 

Trial sail 
America's Cup 
offshore in Perth 

The £2JK)0 daily prize in The 
Times Portfolio competition 
was won yesterday by Mrs 
Sheila Ferttrache, of Folke-' 
stone, Kent. Portfolio list, 
page 20; hoar to play, 
information service, hack 

New team 
in Haiti 

Haiti's new<jpvgpfimentjm^ 
der General Henry Namphy] 
was formally installed at a 
ceremony ia ’the palace bur-] 
riedly vacated by ex-Presi- 
deni Jean-Claude Duvaher 
Iasi Friday. The country was 
promised that it would even- 
tually become a democracy 
Haiti freedom, page 5 

Mandela hint 

Mrs Winnie^ Mandela damp- 
ened speculation that her 
husband Nelson was about to 
be released as part of this 
week's expected East-West 
spy swap But he could well 
be freed in the middle of this 
year, she said 

Swap expected, page 5 

Mulroney ills 

Only 17 months after win- 
ning the biggest electoral 
mandate in Canadian history, 
the Mr Brian Mulroney’s 
Conservative Government is 
in deep trouble, having stum- 
bled from one mini-crisis to 
another Page 8 

Joint action 

Joint efforts by a new stale 
enterprise organization and 
the private sector to meet 
increased demand for domes* 
tic goods are proposed in the 
Labour Party’s new industrial 
strategy P*g* 2 

Iran invades 

Iran launched its biggest Gulf 
War offensive in a year and 
said its forces had reached 
the Iraqi west bank of the 
strategic Shaft akArab water; 
way, 5 

Trident delay 

The contract to build 
Britain's first Trident subma- 
rine may be delayed by about 
three months although that 
will not defay the ov™ 
progr am me 2 

Lower costs 

Industry’s material and fuel 
costs fell by 7.1 per cent m 
the 12 months to Janua^, 
the sharpest fall for nearly 30 
years ^ 17 

Oxford’s crew 

Oxford's craw for lliis year's 
Boat Race will include the 
oldest man to row in the 
.event P** 6 25 

Sogat fined 

and assets 
seized for 

By Michael Horsnel) 

Sequestration of the £17 
million assets of the print 
onion Sogat *82 was ordered 
in the High Court yesterday. 

Mr Justice Michael Davies 
made the order after bearing 
that the union had ignored a 
court injunction ordering it 
to halt the blacking of News 
I nternational’s four national 
newspapers by members at 

York, the city of history, is 
looking to the future by 
attracting new businesses. A 

Special Report took* at «s 
progress Pages 22-23 

HowNm 2-4 
Overseas 5-8 
Appts Hg 
Arts *5 

Bittae Id 
BaSas 17-20 
Coon W 

Diary It 

Features 10-12 
Law Report 14 

p uKa aeat 4 
Pim Bonds 32 
Safe Roms M 
Science 14. 

Soe* Reports £ 
Sport 25-27 
TWUR&dC 31 
TV & Raffle 31 
Weather 32 

WBb ‘ M 

***** 1 * 

accused Mr Murdoch of 
trying to destroy it. 

But she sent a personal 
letter to the court saying 
Sogat intended no discourte- 
sy by its absence or disrepect 
for the law. 

Mr Burton said the four 
newspapers had obtained an 
injunction on January 27 
requiring the union to with- 
draw instructions to mem 
bers to black them. 

The Sogat workers at the 
newspapers were dismissed 
after striking over a c laim for 
lifetime employment, he said, 
but he agreed with the judge 
that the merits of the dispute 
were not of concern to the 

Not knowing the assets of 
the 220,000-strong union, the 
jud^ said the fine was 
modest and something of “a 
shot in the dark”. 

After ordering the seques- 
tration, Mr Justice Davies 
added that the measure he 
had taken might have been 
less draconian had Sogat 
shown regret for its breach of 
the injunction and an inten- 
tion to obey the order . The 
judge had been told by Mr 
Burton that if the newspapers 
did not appear there wore 
potential losses of £71000 a 
day for The Times, £362,000 
for The Sunday Times , 
£470,000 a day for The Sun 
and £777,000 tor the News of 
the World. 

- He gave the union 14 days 
to pay the fine and ordered it 
to pay the costs. 

The duty of the 
sequestrators under the writ 
granted by the judge is to 
seize all the union's assets 
and to freeze them. 

The only way for Sogat to 
regain control of them win be 

. for ft to purge its contempt 

.* Sogfa: was not present or by apologizing to (be court 
represented i when Mr Mi- and calling off the action ' 
chad JJurton, QC asked for which led it into contempt 
the sequestration order. Miss Dean said after the 

:Miss Brenda Dean, its hearing: “The law is. sol 
general secretary, said the heavily loaded against trade 
union- had decided not to unions and against working 
attend on principle. - .. people that it is now a 

She said later that the travesty of justice. We exist 
union executive would meet as a trade union to repres e nt 
to consider whether to pay and defend our members and' 
the fine and added that Sogat their famiiies. 
had embarked on a perilous “They have been treated in 
course which could soon a totally ruthless, heartless 
“bring it to its knees” . and callous way. They come 

. Miss Dean described die first Our members are more 
court action as a “swingeing important than money.” 
attack” on the union and Blacking move, page 2 

The union, 4,000 of whose 
members were dismissed fast 
month after going on strike, 
was also fined £25,000. 

In a hearing fasting just 
over two hours, the judge 
said Sogat was guilty of a 
flagrant contempt of the 
court’s orders and had given 
no hint of altering its 
attitudes . 

The National Graphical 
Association is to . become the 
second print union to face 
proceedings for contempt in 
the dispute ■ between the 
unions and Mr Rupert Mur- 
doch over his new plant at 
Wapping, east London. 

Mr Murdoch’s News Inter- 
national wiH ask a High 
Court judge on Friday to 
punish the onion for alleged- 
ignoring an injunction 
granted on January 28 it to 
stop industrial action affect- 
ing production of The Times 
supplements at Northamp- 

After describing the case 
for sequestration of Sogat’s 
assets,, brought by Mr 
Murdoch's News Group, 
Times Newspapers and and 
News International, as 
unanswerable'', Mr Justice 
Davies agreed to theappoint- 
ment of Ernst and Whinney, 
-the London firm of chartered 
ao t ftft ptegts, sequestrators: 

Desperate troops 
terrorize Uganda 

From Richard Dowdea, Kram, Uganda 

The National Resistance 
Army is pushing up the road 
to Scroti as troops loyal to 
the former Okello regime fall ' 

On Sunday they took the 
town of Kumi, halfway be- 
tween Mbale and Soroti. and 
yesterday marched on to- 
wards Soroti. Mr Fred 
Mushega, the front-line NRA 
commander, said he did not' 
think the enemy were going 
to stand and fight at Kapiri 
Rock, which holds a com- 
manding view of the road, 
and railway as they pass 
through an impenetrable 
swamp. Amin's troops held 
up the Tanzanians for several 
days here during the 1979 

The retreating Okello 
troops are a force of about 
1.000 which came down from 
Acholi a week ago. They 

arrived at Mbale and mur- 
dered everyone they found. A 
Dutch priest said be saw 
them bursting into homes 
killing men, women and 
children. The NRA say about 
300 were killed. 

The Okello force, nearly all 
Acholi, withdrew up the road 
to Soroti, trying to gather 
others who had fled from 
Kampala and Jmja 

Like a wounded monster 
this band has dragged itself 
back north, killing and loot- 
ing in every village. As many 
as 200 civilians may have 
died. At Kami they with- 
drew again as more than 
1.000 NRA infantry moved 
towards the town. They are 
now growing desperate as 
they have to cross Lango 
district to reach their base 
Chalker talks, page 7 
Spectrum, page 10 

Mr Neil Kinnock talking to residents in the Broadwater Farm Youth Association and 
Community Centre during his tour yesterday of the north London estate which was the 
scene of last years riot. La bom tour, page 2 

Three gain 

By Abm Hamilton 

The Queen has appointed 
Graham Greene, the novelist, 
Sir Frank Whittle, the jet 
engine pioneer, and Professor 
Frederick Snnger, the molec- 
ular biologist, as members of 
the Order of Merit 
The order, founded by King 
Edward VH in 1902, is 
restricted to 24 holders at a 
time, and vacancies arise only 
when members die. - 
It is one of the few entirely 
ueo-pothkal honours. And 
although it does not bring a 
knighthood, the ex clusi v i ty 
guarantees that the suffix, 

“OkEV fa f j«t_ ^-klM 
prized. ‘ : 

Mr Greene, aged 81, and 
Professor Snnger, aged 67, 
already bold the aider of the 
Companion of Hononr, also 
in the personal gift of the 
Queen but with less exclusiv- 
ity, allowing 65-members at a 
time. Sir Frank, jjged 78, is a 
KBE and a Companion of the 
Order of the Bath. 

Professor Sanger headed 
the Medical Research Coun- 
cil molecular biology labora- 
tory at Cambridge 
He won the Nobel Prize for 
Chemistry in 1958 for his 
studies on the compos i tion of 
proteins, and a^ain in 1980 
for his pioneering work on 
genetic engineering and the 
structure of DNA. 

The Order of Merit has 
traditionally been nsed to 
recognize outstanding 
achievement in the arts and 
sciences. Other holders fe- 
el ade Henry Moore, Sir 
Frederick Ashton. Sir Mi- 
chael Tippett, Lord 
Znckeiman and Prof 
Dorothy Hodgkin. 

Sikorsky set for a 
close victory 
in Westland vote 

By Patience Wheatcroft 

The European consort- 
ium’s tender offer for 20 per 
cent of Westland shares has 

The £15.5 million offer was 
intended to assure the con- 
sortium of sufficient votes to 
block the Westland board's 
plans to link with Sikorsky, 
the US company, and Fiat. 

But hardly more than 10 
per cent of shareholders are 
believed to have accepted the 
lender, which now lapses. 

The future of the troubled 
helicopter company now de- 
pends on tomorrow's share- 
holders’ meeting when the 
board's proposals will again 
fbe'lHjr'fo the; vote. ■ V 
- Both the board and the 
opposing European consor- 
tium have almost equal 
numbers of votes pledged to 
them. But it seems likely that 
sufficient numbers of small 
shareholders may decide to 
vote in favour of the board to 
give it the simple majority it 

The failure of the tender 
offer is a blow to the 
consortium and its advisers, 
Lloyds Merchant Bank. 

It was pitched at I30p a 
share and was intended to 
appeal to the small share- 
holders who had previously 
been unable to sell their 
Westland shares at the premi- 
um prices being offered to 
huge institutional holders. 

Some deals were done at 
prices above I50p a share, 
and are being looked at by 
the Stock Exchange as part of 
a wide-ranging inquiry into 
suggestions that a two-tier 
market had operated in 
Westland shares. 

Mr David Home, of 

LJoyds Merchant Bank, be- 
lieves that a partial explana- 
tion for the failure may be 
the City rules which forbid 
any active marketing of a 
tender offer. “We could not 
even explain the offer to 
shareholders”, he said. 

The voting at the last 
Westland ballot, when the 
board required a 75 per cent 
majority to proceed with its 
Sikorsky deal, also showed 
that there was a tendency 
among small shareholders to 
support their board, chaired 
by Sir John Cuckney. 

** But Mr Horne said that 
after months of wrangling 
there might- be. a degre e of. 
apathy affecting Westland 
shareholders. This could be a 
vital factor in the vote, to be 
held at the Connaught 
Rooms in London. 

Although the European 
consortium's tender offer has 
now officially lapsed, the 
consortium says that should 
the board's proposals fail, it 
plans to make another offer 
to buy the shares at I30p 
from those who had accepted 
the tender. This is intended 
to persuade those people not 
to vote for the board. 

• Lord Whitefaw, leader of 
the House of Lords, yester- 
day rejected an inquiry into 
the allegation by Mr Alan 
Bristow, the helicopter mil- 
lionaire, that he was offered a 
knighthood by two peers 
(Philip Webster writes). 

Lord Staflard, the Labour 
peer, had called on Lord 
Whitefaw to launch an inves- 
tigation so that the suspicion 
which bad fallen on peers 
could be lifted. 

stick by 

From Tony Bevins 

Downing Street sources 
yesterday attempted to damp 
down speculation about a 
Conservative leadership chal- 
lenge by insisting that Mrs 
Thatcher was determined to 
fight on for another five 

It was also said that she 
was “much too old to 
change"; she has now reached 
the age of 60. 

Senior party sources said 
there would be no change of 
style — Mrs Thatcher was not 
so much the iron lady but the 
steel lady and would go to 
the next elections with the 
resolute approach that had 
her scoring so strongly in the 
1983 polls. 

Bui in spite of the concert- 
ed put-down of any leader- 
ship challenge, it was 
volunteered by high-level 
party sources that the Gov- 
ernment looked “untidy”, 
that MPs were “slightly 
nervous and emotional” and 
that the party itself was 

There was also some diver- 
sions in the Government's 
response to the weekend 
spate of speeches and state- 
ments from senior ministers 
and Mr Michael Heseltine 
about the future direction of 
party policy and presentation. 

Downing Street sources 
conceded there might be “a 
bit of an argument” with Mr 
John Biffen, the leader of the 
Commons, about the presen- 
tation of Government poli- 
cies following the publication 
of a constituency letter which 
was seen as a direct attack on 
Mr Norman Tebbil’s con- 
frontational style. 

But Mr Tebbit, chairman 
of the Conservative Party, 
preferred to believe that Mr 
Biffen had been attacking Mr 
Neil Kinnock. the leader of 
the Labour Party. 

Mr Tebbit said on the BBC 
radio World at One pro- 
gramme: “It’s , a very good 
letter and I hope that Neil 
Kinnock and his colleagues 
take notice of it and geLaway 
from this- rather raucous and 
disagreeable style of politics”. 

Commenting on Mr Peter 
Walker’s weekend call for 
“radical rethinking” of Gov- 
ernment policy, Mr Tebbit 
said pointedly: “He’s a mem- 
ber of the Cabinet and we 
share collective responsibility 

Labour votes to block militant 

By Philip Webster Political Reporter 

The Labour Party last 
night stepped up its fight 
against the Militant Tendeor 
cy when it refused to endorse 
Mr Pat Wall, who had been 
selected by the constituency 
party at Bradford North^s a 
parliamentary candida t e. 

In a move which infuriated 
the leftk also set in hand 
action which could lead to 
toe expulsion by the national 
executive committee of two 
supporters of the Militant 
Tendency elected to the 
party's Welsh executive. 
They would be tbe first 

expulsions initiated from par- 
ty headquarters since the five 
members of the Militant 
editorial board were thrown 
out three years ago. 

The decision to Mock Mr 
Wall came at a stormy 
meeting of Labour’s organiza- 
tion committee. 

Mr Kenneth Cure and Mrs 
Gwyneth Dunwoody. right- 
wing members of the execu- 
tive, argued that Mr Wall 
should not be endorsed until 
his alleged links with Militant 
had been investigated. 

They proposed instead that 

Mr Wail should be called 
before a meeting of toe 
committee to answer ques- 
tions. Despite opposition 
from Mr Tony Benn, Mr Eric 
Heffer and M r Dennis 
Sldnner.the move was carried 
by nine votes to was 
agreed that Mr Wall should 
be interviewed “without prej- 
udice to his subsequent 

The two Welsh executive 
members will be questioned 
further and are likely to 
appear before the full execu- 

King Tut 

From AEce BrintoH 


A ten-year search by an 
archaeologist from London 
University and his Dutc h 
partner ended t riumphantly 
on Saturday when they tip- 
toed into the tomb of Maya, 
treasurer to the legendary boy 
fring Tutenkhamon. 

Dr Geoffrey Martfa of 
University College, Loudon 
and Dr Jacobus Van Dp, of 
the Leyden Museum, have 
been excavating since 1975 at 
a site at the ancient necropo- 
fis of Saqaara, 25 raiks sonth 
west of Cairo. 

Yesterday, a jnbnant l/r 
Martin descri bed how tbetwo 

archaeologists made their 
discovery, befieved to be _ the 
most important find smee 
1 922, when Howard Carte 
broke into Tutankhamen's 
tomb itself. 

Dr Martin explained on 
Sunday at toe site how he 

nod Dr Van Dqk had decided 
They had decided to expore 


Maya, Tntankhanmn’s 

an underground shaft which 
had not previously been 

“Weknew of the existence 
of a first shaft,” Dr Martin 
told os as we stood around 
the opening which ran atom 
nine metres undergroaui, 
“tat we were also aware of 

pnnftMT shaft WyODd thb 

■“At IlJMfam on Satu rday, 
we dim bed town the first 
shaft , crawled along seme 
nibble and found ourselves on 
the rim of the secofeT shaft, 

treasurer and confidant 

about eight metres farther 

“We lowered a rope ladder 
and with great difficulty 
clambered down. At the 
bottom was a door which we 
went through and down a 
winding staircase. We were 
exceedingly astonished to 
find ourselves in an ante- 

“We had an electric cable 
and tiros a good light with 
ns_Jt was an .astonishing 
sight In front of os were toe 

most wonderful reliefs, in 


pristine condition and inscrip- 
tions, and my colleague 
looked across at them and 
said: ‘My God, its Maya' and 
we knew at fast that we were 
in the tomb of a very well 
known personality of 
Tutankhamen's reign.” 

Maya, Dr Martin ex- 
plained, was King 
Tutenkhamon's treasurer, 
known to have been very 
dose to toe toy king during 
his seven-year reign. He even 
presented Tntenkhamnn with 
two funerary statuettes, a 
sup, according to Dr martin, 
of his special position at toe 

Dr Martin said that he had 
first begun his search for 
Maya and his wife Merit's 
tomb in 1975, working on 
information published by 
scholars in the 1840s, in an 
area of Saqqaxa known to to 
rich in important archaeologi- 
cal remains but as yet 

Instead of Maya, Dr Mar- 
tin came across the tomb of 


one Horemheb, a general who 
became king a few years after 
Totankhanum's death. 

Bat while the Horemheb 
discovery, which has been 
excavated and restored, was 
important, the real find was 
without doubt tbe tomb of 
Maya ami Merit 

Dr Martin acknowledges 
that to and Dr Van Dijk were 
only able to catch a glimpse, 
but that had been enough to 
set their hearts raring. 

“The reliefs of Maya and 
Merit are large-scale and 
done In grid and yellow 
colour comparable to those in 
tbe royal tombs at Thebes," 
said Dr Martin. “We expect 
to find a lot more reliefs all ia 
good condition, and there is 
no telling how big the tomb is 
or bow deep it goes.” 

Tbe two archaeologists are 
part of an Anglo- Dutch con- 
sortium working with toe 
Egypt Exploratiou Society, in 
collaboration with toe Egyp- 
tian Antiquities Organization- 

Nasa release 

Washington — Nasa is 
providing the commission 
investigating the Challenge.' 
explosion with all documents 
concerning problems over 
seals on booster rockets. The 
documents were requested 
after a New York Times 
report that Nasa was warned 
last year the seals were 
eroding in flight 

Troupe 10814 (D) Hiiions 28665/CS17 Barren 
Second Proof 21186 

, r e 


bid to 

From David Watts 

President Marcus of toe 
Philippines has set in motion 
the legal process to override 
Mrs Corazon Aquino's claim 
that she has won tbe presi- 
dential election. 

The Philippines Parliament 
"went into session last night to 
check election returns and 
declare the winner. Since Mr 
Marcos has a majority, he 
can legally confirm his claim 
to have been re-elected. 

As Mrs Aqoino's sap port- 
ers formed a motorcade 
beaded for Parliament for an 
all-night vigil In case of 
farther attempts to tamper 
with incoming returns, a 
young man was shot and 

Yesterday's fraud allega- 
tions included 18 “ghost” 
precincts in Leyte, toe home 
province of the President's 
wife, Mrs 1 me Ida Marcos. 

Mr Marcos maintains that 
he is winning by between 
700.000 and one million 
voles. Mrs Aquino's cam- 
paign office says she has 7.91 
million votes against 7.43 
million for Mr Marcos. It 
says Marcos workers are 
bolding back results in areas 
where be is strongest so they 
can adjust the figures later to 
overcome Mrs Aquino’s 

Perhaps as a sign that he 
recognizes that tension is 
increasing, Mr Marcos said 
the counts of both the 
National Movement for Free 
Elections and the Govern- 
ment could continue. Legally, 
both should have stopped 
once Parliament sat as a vote- 
monitoring body. 

Mrs Aquino, who is now 
maintaining a dignified si- 
lence, has not beat seen in 
Manila since election day. 
Her spokesman, Mr Rene 
Sagnisag, said that if the 
election had been honest she 
wonld have won by 74 per 

He said the Aquino group 
was waiting to see tbe 
outcome of Parliament's, 
check. “As everyone knows, 
every institution in this coun- 
try has been perverted. This 
is a battle between a group 
which is armed to the teeth 
and tbe people who are aimed 
only with their teeth.” 

Thirty young women who 
walked out of tbe computer 
centre of the state-run Na- 
tional Commission on Elec- 
tions on Sunday night, 
claiming that the government 
emmt was fraudulent, left tbe 
safety of a church early 
yesterday and went into 

Senator Richard Lngar. 
'chairman of the US Senate 
Foreign Relations Committee, 
flew home yesterday with his 
group of observers, saying he 
wonld report on tbe election 
abuses to President Reagan. 
Count chaos, page 5 
































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Labour job strategy 
seeks state links 

with private sector 

may act 

By John Young 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

.A new Slate enterprise 
organization empowered to 
enter into joint ventures with 
the private sector was pro- 
posed by the Labour Party 
yesterday as one of the 
centra! features of the indus- 
trial strategy to be pursued by 
a Labour government. 

Mr John Smith. Labours 
chief spokesman on trade 
and industry, in a speech 
outlining the policy, accepted 
the need for private sector 
profit levels to be increased 
as part of the effort to 
increase investment by rais- 
ing demand for domestic 
manufactured goods. 

The organization, which 
Mr Smith suggested could be 
called British Enterprise, 
would be aimed at providing 
a new and flexible form of 
state intervention in the 
industrial economy and 
would be similar in conwpt 
to the Industrial Reorganiza- 
tion Corporation of the first 
Wilson Government and the 
National Enterprise Board of 
later years. 

The new enterprise. Mr 
Smith said, would be orga- 
nized and funded by govern- 
ment. able to start industrial 
ventures on its own. enter 
joint ventures with the pri- 
vate sector and ad as a spur 
to innovation. 

It was a form of public 
ownership and intervention 
"which could command wide 
support within industry as 
well as be an effective agent 
in the planning of our 
national industrial recovery." 

TUC calls for 
£6 bn package 

TUC leaders urged the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer 
yesterday hi adopt a £6 billion 
Budget package aimed at 
raising output and cutting 

But the Prime Minister has 
hinted any cash give- 

away is likely to take the 
form of tax arts for the low 

Top earners had done wed 
oat of tax concessions under 
this Government. Mrs Mar- 
garet Thatcher said. Now it 
was time to help the lower 

Her comments, published 
in CBI News, came on the 
day when the HJC presented 
its Budget proposals to the 

The TUC is calling for 
more government investment 
in services such as roads, 
hospitals and schools. 

Labours strategy, which 
has been criticized by the left 
as paying too much heed to 
the requirements of private 
industry, depended on a 
strong working relationship 
between all sides of industry 
and the Government, accord- 
ing to Mr Smith, who was 
speaking at Sussex Universi- 

He said that the present 
fashion of takeovers could 
not be regarded as a solution 
to industry's problems or a 

substitute for industrial poli- 
cy. "With the current free- 

for-all. the battle between the 
private sector barons makes 
money for the advertising 
agencies and the City finance 
houses who rival each other 
with increased profits won 
through the game of *Who 
Dares Merge*." 

Mr Smith said that indus- 
try must be revived to allow 
a resumption of economic 
growth "at socially acceptable 
levels of unemployment and 
output". The overriding re- 
quirement in raising the 
volume of private sector 
investment was raising de- 
mand for domestic manufac- 
tured goods. 

He continued: “Although 
the public sector may itself 
embark upon a programme, 
for example, of public works 
projects, it is the private i 
sector which must provide 
the bulk of the investment 
effort required." 

Private sector investment 
would not be forthcoming 
"without the prospect of a 
period of sustained buoyant 
demand". Ensuring high de- 
mand by taking up the slack 
in industrial capacity, and in 
consequence raising profit 
margins, was a necessary 
requirement of industrial re- 

Mr Smith said there was 
no hope of recovery unless 
there was a new and sus- 
tained commitment to educa- 
tion and training. “Our aim— 
and it is a perfectly possible 
one-should be within, say, a 
10-year period to attain the 
best trained and educated 
workforce and management 
in Western Europe." 

sequestration of the onion's £17miilion assets and to impose a fine of £25,000. 

Wider use of sequestration 

By oar Legal Affairs Correspondent 




Contract delayed 
on Trident sub 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

Kitty Bent ley. aged 30. . 
daughter of the Marchioness 
of Bute and estranged wife of 
the businessman Mr John 
Bentley, was pul on proba- 
tion for two years yesterday 
at Knightsbridge Crown 
Counaftcr admitting possess- - 
ing heroin. 

The signing of the comma 
for the construction of 
Britain's first Trident subma- 
rine is likely to be delayed by 
about three months, but the 
Ministry of Defence said 
yesterday that would not 
delay the overall programme. 

advance work on the third 
and fourth vessels would be 
in progress. i 

Judge Bowen said that her 
decline inlo the world of 
drugs presented the “familiar, 
catalogue of misery, unhappi- 
ness and despair." 

A former Lloyd's under- 
writer. Simon Pearl, aged 35. 
who had admitted allowing 
his home in Addison Road, 
Nouing Hill, west London, to 
be used in the supply of 
heroin and supplying heroin, 
was jailed for a year. 

It had been hoped that the 
contract between the ministry 
and Vickers Shipbuilding, of 
Barrow-i n-Fumesss. would 
have been agreed by the end 
of the financial year in April 
but it now looks as though ft 
may be June before negotia- 
tions are complete. 

Vickers said the delay had 
arisen because there had been 

Steven Rice, aged 32. 
unemployed, was jailed for 
three years after he admitted 
six drugs charges, including 
the supply of heroin. 

tough negotiations across a 
wide range of contractual 
issues, including provisions 
for compensation in the 
event of the project being 

Woman’s sex 
assault denial 

A former Gwent County 
Council social worker yester- 
day denied indecently as- 
saulting a boy. aged 14, at her 
home last year. 

Lynda Shirley Swindell, 
aged 29, of Marytwil! Lane, 
CaswelL Swansea, is facing 
trial at Cardiff Crown Court, 
which yesterday heard legal 
submissions. The case contin- 
ues today. 

That concern arises partic- 
ularly because the Labour 
Party is committed to cancel- 
ling Trident tf it wins the 
next general election. If that 
were to happen in 1988. 
Vickers reckons that about 70 
per cent of the cost of the 
first submarine would have 
been committed, 30per cent 
of the second, and that 


Owen launches party 
policy for the decade 

By Our Political Staff 

Dr David Owen, the Social 
Democratic Party Leader, 
launched a synopsis of his 


Market shares of 1 8.4 per cent 
for Austin Rover and 17.2 per 
cent for General Motors men- 
tioned in our report on 
Saturday referred to new car 
sales as a whole in January and 
not to the fleet car sector as 

party’s policies yesterday 
which will be used to help to 
identify Alliance priorities for 
the next decade. 

“1 hope this marks the end 
of what was always a 
cannard— that the SDP 
doesn’t have policies. A 
much better criticism of us 

Lawyers in legal aid wrangle 

Bar chooses ‘donnish’ QC 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Mr Sydney Kemridge. QC. 
who has just won the highest 
accolade from his colleagues 
by being their choice as 
advocate in the Bars legal 
action against the Lord Chan- 
cellor. is widely liked and 
held to be “extremely popu- 
lar with judges’*. 

The South Africa-trained 
lawyer, who has been the 
leading commercial silk at 
the South African Bar for the 
past 20 years, has established 
a reputation as one of the 
best and most senior QCs in 
this country. 

Mr Kemridge, aged 62, has 
won fame for representing 
Mrs Winnie Mandela, the 
anti-apartheid campaigner in 
South Africa last month; the 
family of Steve Biko at the 
inquest into his death; and 
The Guardian in the Sarah 
Tisdall case. 

He has a large commercial 
practice and is based in the 
same Temple chambers as 
the chairman of the Bar, Mr 
Robert Alexander, QC. 

Mr Kentridgewas called to 
the Bar here in 1977. and 
rapidly took silk in 1984, a 
sign of the esteem in which 
judges held him, according to 

Mr Kentridge, said to be 
popular with judges 


Mr Alexander, who an- 
nounced at the weekend that 
Mr Kemridge would repre- 
sent the Bar in the unprece- 
dented legal challenge against 
the Lord Chancellor, said 
yesterday:"He is one of the 
leading advocates in the 
English speaking world and 
also someone of seniority and 

“We felt it was particularly 
important that, in an issue 
which requires detailed pre- 

sentation, someone of this 
kind should be called." 

Mr Alexander, himself , 
widely acknowledged to be at 
the top of his profession, i 
added that it was obviously ; 
not appropriate that he , 
should argue the case himself, 
as lawyers should not “ap- 
pear in their own cause" 

Mr Kemridge. a popular 
man of short stature, is 
known for bis slow, deliber- 
ate, almost “donnish" style of 
advocacy, which is highly 
successful in its impact. 

Although a commercial 
specialist, Mr Kentridge has 
extremely wide experience 
and his time is now divided 
equally between London and 
work in South Africa, the 
Far East and the United 

He is now lecturing in the 
United Stales and is to return 
especially to take the main 
■ hearing of the Bar’s action for 

a judicial review of the Lord 

iccUot's derision to limit 

the legal aid pay rise to 5 per 
cent for inflation. 

The team which the Bar 
has appointed with Mr 
Kentridge is Mr Tom Morris. 
QC Mr Nicholas Underhill 
and Mr George Leggatt 

Leading article, page 13 

power used oy courts as a ia»t 
resort when previous orders 
have been deliberately flout- 
ed, are becoming increasingly 
common in industrial dis- 

They have been used 
several times in the past few 
years, most notably during 
the miners* dispute in 1984. 
when sequestrators were first 
appointed to seize the assets 
or the South Wales miners’ 
union and subsequently to 
seize the assets of the 
National Union of 

who are instructed to locate tempts to locate and seize the actions of the union in 

printing of The Times supple- 
ments. A High Court hearing 
will take place on Friday. 

News International execu- 
tives held a meeting yester- 
day with British Rail 
representatives to discuss the 
distribution of the group’s 
four newspapers. The Times, 
The Sunday Tunes, The Sun 
and the Sews qf the World. 

Since the move of the 

and seize either all or part of assets, or assists the person or moving assets abroad Ulti- printing operation to 
the property of the person or body in contempt in hiding mately, the costs of such pre- wanning in east London the 
body in contempt of court the assets, then he or she is emotive action will fall on 3?,.- h~.„ rf«rrihut«f 

body m contempt of court the assets, then he or she i 
Such mils are issued when- al “ “ contem P t of tmtt - 

a person or body has foiled to 
comply with a court order 
and therefore is in contempt 
of court; and then, as with 
the miners, foiled to pay the 


ernpnve action will tall on ^ fove been distributed 
the union, however, and the bv road, 
courts have shown they take «... 


« m m m 9 m » - |M\ y Tax J ia|k«v 

make extensive inquiries in a dim view of such attempts indicated at local level that 

carrying out their task, and to flout court ordera. ^ prepared to handle 

even obtain information Before the miners’ dispute w-j™ international pubJica- 
from banks and auditors sequestration was used in the ^ vesierdav Sir 

received in confidence. They National Graphical Assoria- Robert ReidL British. 'Rail's 

fine ordered as a penaltv for recciv f u “ U - Robert Reid, British Rail's 

JJ", ' are also entitled to make tion dispute with Mr Eddie ^airman said that British 

tha con mpL inquiries to obtain infonma- Shah’s Messenger group; and, d-i -reach- winm* and 

The sequestrators, who are •=-- «»•« =- ■- - ™- was rcad> ’ wlUmg ““ 

officers of the court and 
accountable to tlx; court. 

tion relating to any efforts lo before that, in 1964 in a lo do 

move assets to avoid the dispute involving the Amal- 

A writ of sequestration is a have wide powers at their 

effect of the writ 
Despite the wide powers. 

gamated Union of Engineer- 
ing Workers. 

Delay in completing nego-' 
nations is unlikely to set back 
the project because work on: 
the first submarine has been, 1 
going on for many months! 
under a normal arrangement 
that enables items involving 
long delivery periods to be 
ordered before contractual 
arrangements are complete. 

The official estimate of the 
cost of the Trident pro- 
gramme is £9,285 million. 
The ministry said yesterday 
that up to £500 million had 
been spent so for and a 
further £1,300 million com- 
mitted. The annual rate of 
expenditure will be rising ; 
rapidly and within two years 
it could be running at about 
£1,000 million a year. 

Plea for 

FitzGerald defies Unionists 

The four submarines are 
expected to account for about 
30 per cent of the project’s 
cost. As constructed by 
Vickers, the cost is thought toi 
be about £400 million for 
each vessel. But added to that 
will be large sums for 
equipment supplied directly: 
by the ministry. < 

Leading article, page 13 

would be that we have too 
many policies”, he said. 

The document. The Only 
Way to a Fairer Britain, will, 
with Liberal Party papers, be 
put to a joint policy group 
which is preparing the priori- 
ties for the 199%. 

The resulting strategy, due 
to be completed by July, wifi 
form the basis of an Alliance 
programme for government 

By Stephen Goodwin “ 

Conservationists are ap- 
pealing to the Parliamentary \ 
Ombudsman against what h 
they regard as ibid play by p 
the Department of Transport B 
over the Okehampton bypass, n 
A coalition of six national et 
amenities bodies wants back a 
the £50.000 it spent taking its tf 
case to a joint committee of rt 
MPs and peers last year. tf 
Although the co mm ittee 
fraud in the conservationists’ n 
favour after a 15-day inquiry, g< 
the Government created a 
coastitatiosal precedent by s 
over-ruling Its decision and <j 
forcing through a Bill last si 
December confirming a route at 
which cots across a corner of ir 
Dartmoor National Park. 

The bypass will carry the w 
A30 from Exeter to Cornwall tf 
around the Okefaampton hot- . pi 
tieoeefc. B 

Miss Kate Ash brook, sec- b< 
retary of the Open Spaces - 
Society, which led the bypass 
fight, said: “We spent 
£50,000 preparing and pre- 
senting our case because we 
understood that the Govern- 
ment would stick to the 
committee’s findings". 

She said: “The 

Okehampton experience win 
deter voluntary bodies from ^ 
using (be special partiamen- ^ 
tary procedure which was ^ 
■ intended to protect the inter- ^ 
ests of die public." i* 

From Richard Ford, Belfast 

Dr Garret FitzGerald pre- attempt to bring about a the Progressive Democrats, 

dieted yesterday that the settlement since 1972 had formed by Mr Desmond 

Anglo-Irish agreement would foiled. O'Malley. 25 per cent of the 

not be brought down by He criticized Unionist vote. Fine Gael 23 per cent 

Unionist opposition. leaders for creating a “cloud and Fianna Fail 42 per cent 

which ob- and the Labour Party 4 per 

ise of the cent. 

had made •The Government is to 

not be brought down by He cril 
Unionist opposition. leaders for 

The Irish Republic’s Prime of propaganda” 
Minister told listeners to a sctired the 
Northern Ireland radio agreement 

Northern Ireland radio agreement They had made • The Government is to 
phone-in programme that the statements which were foctu- take powers to allow it to 
British and Irish govern- ally and totally inaccurate send in commissioners to run 
meets would not be prevent- and had totally misled many district councils in Northern 
ed from attempting lo people. . Ireland in - the event of a 

achieve peace and stability by 

Ireland in - the event of a 

Dr FitzGerald faced qnes- breakdown in services. 

those opposed to giving the Lions from several callers, bnt Emergency legislation wifi 
republic a consultative role in when Mr Sam Duddy, of foe be introduced tomorrow to 
the North. “loyalist” par.. mhiary Ulster ensure that if any of foe 18 

“The purpose of the agree- Defence Association, tried to 
mem is dear. The two put a question, he said: “I am 

“loyalist” par- mhiary Ulster ensure that if any of foe 18 
Defence Association, tried to Unionist-controlled councils 

put a question, he said; “I am foil to cany out their fane- 
governments will pursue ft." sorry-, if he is from the UDA, dons, foe Government will 
He said it would not be I will not speak to anybody be able to suspend them 
satisfied, as Unionists are from any organization which immediately. 

demanding, to allow discus- is involved in or associated > ■ 

sions on finding an internal with violence". a 

administration for foe prov- The broadcast came at a ixlTpUIT IlOuu 

face. time when Dr FitzGerald’s A main baggage and cus- 

administration for foe prov- 

Dr FitzGerald said he Fine Gael party is trailing 
would rather have negotiated behind foe country's newest 

foe agreement with the political party in foe opinion 
province’s political leaders, polls. 

But the two governments had 


been forced to act Every yesterday’s Irish Times gives 

Airport flood 

A main baggage and cus- 
toms area at Heathrow air- 
port was cleared of 
passengers yesterday after a 
water pipe burst, causing 
extensive flooding. Several 
flights were diverted. 

About a thud of British 
Rad's £27mil!ion revenue 
from newspaper distribution 
is estimated to come from 
News International. A joint 
statement said that company 
re prese ntatives had agreed to 
report foe points nude by 
British Rail to their board 
and would meet British Rail 
representatives again "very 

• Two men accused of pidc- 
rt-line offences at the News 
Internationa! plant in 
Wapping, on Saturday were 
remanded on bail until 
March 7 by Thames magis- 
trates yesterday to seek legal 

Mr Roger Connor, the 
magistrate, refused a condi- 
tion of toil that the men 
should stay away from the 

• A secret deal between 
eight newspaper group man- 
agers and their union, the 
NGA, that enabled them to 
work during a strike over 
new technology, was alleged 
yesterday at an industrial 
tribunal when 126 print 
workers claimed unfair dis- 
missal from the Kent Mes- 

senger Group. 

They kept their jobs when 
all of the company's otter 
NGA members were dis- 

Kinnock denies 
rift over riot 

By Patricia Clough 

Hurd condemns 
attack on youths 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Mr Neil Kinnock and Mr regretted what had happened, I The case of the Metropoli- and the Director of Public 

Bernie Grant, the militant and hoped it was foe end of I tan Police officers who as- Prosecutions came to the 

leader of Haringey Council, 
sought to play down their 
differences yesterday as the 
Labour leader toured Broad- 

The money was raised by water Farm Estate, foe scene 
groups iKludiu^ the Council of riots last autumn in which 

the matter. saulted five youths, two of conclusion that there was no 

Mr Gram said afterwards whom Qeede<1 hospital treat- evidence for a prosecution or 

Kinnock were “very good”. maiu Metropolitan Police * ,r is*nnwn ism out aurm* 
They differed on some issues. Commissioner and himself meeting his main aims 
such ^ black sections-^} of 

would be strange indeed if I .u e nonce m the comrmmitv reduction of criminal 
did not"— but there was little P DoiiBias Hurd. Home opportunftyftbe enhanced de- 
difference in their views on sSreS^rak, Sda vria ■“*« °f specified «ri ous 
the failure of the Conserva- television interview™** offences, such as burglary, 
fives to provide necessary Manv nennk* war- whn and robbety, an attack on 
resources for foe area. 

He said: I have never against whom evidence could ^55! 

been anti-police. My view is not be found. The rule of law grea ter e ™ctrv , eness i in me 
that fh«p is a notice fnrcc meant that Built had to he. prevention and policing o 

Sir Kenneth set out during 

for foe Protection of Rural | a policeman was killed. 

England, Friends 

But Mr Kinnock, who had 

Earth, the Ramblers* Assod- openly censured Mr Grant 
ation, Dartmoor Preservation for blaming the police for the 

Society and Transport 2000. riots and saying they had got 
Dr David dart, Hhm*, 

not appear with Mr Grant in 

SS^^nMbfoSS »“ b * ic “ d S™. *"** 

taTrtw Mimniflint to the . ™ Grant is the prospeo 

ted the complaint to the mr “ u ‘ c 

that there is a police force meant that guilt had to be 
and I would like to turn it proved apd in foe case of the 

Mr Kinnock briefly 
IJPfOV 11 nil AC metlocal police and residents, 
V^lvt j UUj/vo and visited a nursery school 
fnr crTinnlc class. He said later that Mr 
1UI BLUUUI5 Gram’s presence had not 
Church leaders yesterday been an embarrassment and 
merged from a meeting with that there were no “no-go 
te Secretary of State for areas" in foe Labour Party, 
cotland, Mr Malcolm Mr Grant’s outburst tod 

into a police service' for foe five boys evidence was not 
needs of the community forthcoming. 

instead of forcing themselves J Mr Hurd was commenting 

on it. I will criticize the on a meeting he and Sir 
police if they act in a racist or Kenneth had with three 

sexist manner.* 

emerged trora a meeting wun tnat mere were no no-go 
the Secretary of State for areas" in foe Labour Party. 
Scotland, Mr Malcolm Mr Grant’s outburst tod 
Rifkind, hopeful that foe been “one set of remarks 
deadlock in foe 19-monfo made in particularly fraught. 

Remand on 
PC charge 

London local authority asso- 
ciations at which the case was 
discussed. The attack by 
unidentified police officers 
has been described as dis- 
graceful by foe Police Com- 

Scottish teachers 
couklbe broken. 

dispute tense and horrific 
circumstances". His condem- 

Mark Braith waits, aged 20, plaints Authority and the 
who is charged with murder- case has aroused wide con- 

But the churchmen, two nation of foe violence had 
from the Roman Catholic not been riven equal promi- 

trom tne woman t~auouc not been given equal promi- 
Church and two from the nence, Mr Kinnock said. 
Church of Scotland, admitted Labour was “not an anti- 

ing Police Constable Keith cem. 

Blakelock during the Totten- The assault, at Holloway, 

public disorder. 

Mr Hurd called on local 
authorities to give the police 
their full support in crime 
prevention which, he said, 
should be regarded as a non- 
political matter. 

He and Sir Kenneth met 
foe London Boroughs Associ- 
ation, foe Outer Louden 
Districts Metropolitan Police 
Consultative Association, 
and foe Association of Lon- 
don Authorities. . 

Biaueiock: during tne lotten- r&e assault, at Holloway, 
ham riots last October, was north London, two and a half 
remanded in custody until years ago, was before the 

that their optimism was police party, we are an anti- 

based more on the tone of crime party”. 

.k. . -fl .■ki.- a e x- 

February 26 by Tottenham I Police Complaints Authority 

wm ri&^cssgs wigi 


Is FV»^!SSfT^£w W“ 

■S 1 . 7 S; YMWUW P » 

magistrates yesterday. had been established to 

Mr Braithwaite, uuem- supervise investigations from 
ployed, of Islington, is also the beginning, Mr Hurd said. 

the meeting with a “flexible* 

spokeswoman for Mr 

Mr Rifkind than on any sign Kinnock said Mr Grant had 
of a government concession, told the Labour leader he 

charged with making an 
affray and causing a riot 

In the Holloway case, the 
| old Police Complaints Board 

400,000 cars a year are ‘clocked 9 , says consumer chief 

r*W s i 


(l* 1 * 

r' in ‘ 

-,*•* l 

fH. ** 

News International said 
yesterday that ft was consult- 
ing its lawyers over a High 
Court injunction granted 
against the print unions, the 
National Graphical Associa- 
tion (NGA) and Sogaz ’82, 
m doi n g them to tin their 
“blacking" of the Sew s of the 
World in Manchester. 

For the third successive 
weekend northers editions of 
the newspaper were not 
printed at the Manchester 
I^anr of Express Newspapers 
after members of the two 
unions defied the injunction. 

The company said yester- 
day that it expected to make 
a statement within the next 
two or three days. 

It has also started proceed- 
ings agtinst foe NGA for 
contempt of an injunction 
... against its ordering union 

A comfortisK arm for Miss Brenda Dean, general secretary of Sogat *82, after a High Court decision to order the members not to work on 

^ . .f .1 .mb and (A HniHica a 6iu nf eiCflflfl f T.««. n.«U *ii- 

.r^ ' . 

. * 7 J 

By Clifford Webb 
Motoring Correspondent 
A leading consumer protec- 
tion official said yesterday 
that with up to 400,600 cars a 
year being sold with 
“docked” mikometers the 
Government should take Im- 
mediate action to introduce 
tough new laws to end this 
and other widespread frauds. 

Mr Bob WrjgfaL Chief 
Consumer Protection Officer 
for Sooth Yorkshire, said 
interference with mileoraeters 
was costing motorists an 

estimated £100 million a year 
became they were paying too 
much (or cars with huge 

His office yesterday re- 
ceived complaints about two 
Vauxtoli Cavaliers with mile- 
age readings of 22£0O and 
22,000 which were reliably 
reported to have coveted 
72390 and 66,000 miles. 

Mr Wright said a recent 
check by consumer officials 
from six metropolitan coun- 
cils found that one in 12 
second-hand cars on sale 

were unroadworthy. 

An investigation of service 
costs showed that half the 
motorists Interviewed paid 
more than the manufacturers 
recommended prices. Some 
paid three times as much for 
identical work on identical 

His call win almost certain- 
ly be backed by consumer 
authorities when they meet 
for their annnaj congress in 
Newcastle upon Tyne in 

ing, for instance, the claim 
font 30 per cent of nsed cars 
sold here have been "docked*. 

Mr Wright said that codes 
of practice were not working 
and should be replaced by 
tough new legislation, indnd- 
ing foe licensing of garages 
and stronger legal powers for 
consumer offidaJs. 

Mr Philip Stem, of the 
Motor Agents Association, 
said: “Some of these claims 
look highly dubious. We have 
bees invited to attend the 
Consumer Congress next 
month as observers and we 
would like to see someone 
produce the evidence support- 

“We shook! also fike to see 
the motor trade represented 
On the working panel which 
has been loofeig at these 
complaints. In that way it 
would seem less like a 
kangaroo court A saosble 
solution and one we would 
back is for a simple code of 
practice to be draws np for 
foe trade and backed by foe 

;^ U " 



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‘Child ombudsman 
to investigate state 
education grievances 

Britain's biggest education 
authority is planning. to set 
“P v J a ’’children's 
ombudsman” to investigate 
complaints by pupils and 

The proposal, to be includ- 
ed in the Labour Party 
manifesto for the Inner 
London Education Authority 
(Ilea) elections in May, is 
intended to improve educa- 
tion accountability. It will be 
regarded with horror by 
officers and head teachers, 
particularly as it may be 
taken up by other authorities. 

An Ilea official said: “At 
the moment, if parents or 
children wish to com plain it’s 
an incredibly difficult proce- 



to go through, as it is 
other authorities’*. 



The scheme, which is 
expected to be implemented 
before the start of (he next 
school year, could cover 
school discipline where a 
parent or pupil feh the rules 
had not been followed, or 
were unfair. It could also 
apply to opportunities to 
study a particular subject 

It is perhaps no coinci- 
dence that the SDP/TiberaJ 
Alliance will announce, to- 
morrow that its election 
manifesto contains the ap- 
pointment of an Dea “com- 
plaints man”, or 
ombudsman, along the lines 

Four short terms 
urged for schools 

By Onr Education Correspondent 

Rearranging the school to a week and three longer 
1 ? & V ? four shorter holidays at Christmas, Easter 
terms instead of the present and in the summer, 
three _ terra would bring The proposals for rhanp. 
educational benefits to chil- are that children should get 
doc “" four equal periods of holiday, 
the with ^ summer breaks, in 
Association of County Coun- early and late summer 

cil lf ays - . _ That would avoid over- 

Proposals to reform the long breaks away from school 
school year are gaining sup- ana half -term breaks which 
port in education circles, and disrupt schooling without 
are supported by many par- giving proper rest, the docu- 
ents and pupils. The assoda- ment says. More continuity 
non document suggests four of learning would result 
terms of about ten weeks the shorter terms of more 
with an examination season even lengths should lead to 
running from mid-April to better pupil performance: 
May. but says that each local it would be easier fin- 
education authority could be summer-bom children to 
left to determine its school gain admission to the infant 
year- school because there would 

The school term now lasts' he four rather than three 
for 0 to 15 weeks; there are opportunities e»rh year for 
three half-term holidays of up children to be admitted. 

of the local 

The Alliance envisages that 
the ombudsman woukl have 
the power to investigate 
complaints, obtain informa- 
tion from education officers 
and publish findings. 

An Alliance spokesman 
said: “We believe that for the 
most part the education 
bureaucracy in Ilea does 
genuinely attempt to make 
itself accessible and helpful to 

“But there are times when 
parents fed shut out and 
frustrated by the system and 
need an independent outsider 
to help them.” 

The Ilea spokesman said 
the idea would not threaten 
. the power of head teachers. 

• The executive of the Assis- 
tant Masters and Mistresses 
Association has decided to 
ratify the pay deal which is 
expected to end the teachers' 
pay dispute. 

But AMMA members win 
continue to work to rule, 
refusing to perform out-of- 
school activities and to cover 
for absent colleagues, until 
the deal is ratified as expect- 
ed by the fun Bur nham 
Committee on Februaiy 28. 

The Advisory, Conciliation 
and Arbitration Service 
agreement gives teachers a 
pay rise of 6.9 per cent, rising 
to 8.5 per cent by the end of 
March. It also establishes a 
framework for negotiating a 
new salary structure 

• Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary 
of State for Education and 
Science, said yesterday that 
the education welfare service 
was not an extension of 
personal social services but 
had, as an essential function, 
the promotion of the impor- 
tant educational objective of 
‘regular school attendance. 

The Scottish runner linsey Macdonald was swept off her feet yesterday by the 

latoB Kolesov, at the launch in London of the Goodwill Games. The 

Olympic wrestler, Anatoli 
games, to be held every four years, are the idea of Mr Ted Turner, the American 
broadcasting chief The inaugural meeting wiD be in Moscow la Jnly. 

Shopman gets life 
for ‘monstrous’ 



murder of girl 

David Adams, a' toyshop 

owner, was jailed for life by 
Crown Court yes- 

Joan Collins settlement 

Joan Collins, the actress, 
and her partners in a lawsuit 
received £147.233 on account 
yesterday, without having to 
attend the High Court in 
London for their contract 
dispute with Brent Walker, 
the film group. 

.Miss Collins, aged 52, had 
claimed damages for alleged 
fraud, conspiracy and breach 
of contract over royalty 
payments from The Stud, the 
1978 film which revived her 

As the action was about to 
start in court yesterday, Brent 
Walker made Miss Coffins 
and her co-plain tiffs an offer 
of settlement— a £147,233 in- 
terim payment and an inde- 
pendent account of the 

profits from the film to 
determine how much more is 
due. It agreed to pay the 
accountants’ bill up to 

Miss Collins’s side accept- 
ed the offer and withdrew its 
allegation of fraud and con- 

The actress was paid a 
reported £14,500 for her role 
in The Stud. She now 
receives £50,000 an episode 
for playing Alexis in the 
television series Dynasty. 
That contract is said to be 
worth £3 million. 

The Stud, based on the 
novel by Jadrie Collins, the 
actress’s sister, cost an esti- 
mated £300,000 to make but 
took millions. 

In 1977 Miss Collins,' Mr 
Ron Kass, then her husband, 
and Jackie Collins agreed to 
make The Stud with Brent 
Walker, Mr Greoige Carman, 
QC counsel for Miss Collins, 
told the court yesterday. 

The company, which was 
run by Mr George Walker, 
brother of Billy Walker, the 
former boxer, arranged fi- 
nance and distribution. 

Later, Mr Quentin Masters, 
who directed The Stud, 
became party to the agree- 
ment to share in the exploita- 
tion of the film. 

But by 1980, “anxieties 
arose about the promptness 
and detail” of payments to 
Miss Collins and her part- 
ners. Mr Carman said. 

terday for what a judge 
described as the “monstrous” 
killing of a girl aged nine. 

Adams, aged 37, of Ashley 
Road, Paiksione. Poole, Dor- 
set, pleaded guilty to murder- 
ing Claire Slagg in his shop 
last September. 

Mr Roger Titheridge, QC, 
for the prosecution, said the 
body of the girl, who lived at 
Layton Road near by , had 
been found trussed and 
folded in a plastic bag inside 
a box which had contained a 
child's pedal car. 

The prosecution said por- 
nographic magazines and 
videos had been found in the 
shop, with photographs, ap- 
parently taken by Adams 
from the shop, of women 
passing by in the street. 

The coun was told that 
Adams's wife had just given 
birth to a girl. 

Judge Stnan-Smith. who 
did not order a minimum 
sentence, said: “Everyone in 
this coun who has heard the 
facts of this monstrous crime 
must be sickened and revolt- 
ed by what they have heard. 

“Having seen some of the 

literature, if that is the proper 
word for it, found in your 
possession and read the 
description of others, h 
seems to me not improbable 
it had an effect on your 

Mr Roger Backhouse, QC, 
for the defence, said Adams 
had got drunk ihe night 
before the murder. 

Adams was said to have 
strangled the girl with a five- 
foot strip of blue cloth which 
he wrapped twice around her 
neck and then knotted. 

Adams’s wife, Linda, aged 
34, four months pregnant at 
the time of the killing, was 
cooking Sunday lunch in 
their flat when her husband 

Mm Adams thought he was 
working on the shop's win- 
dow display and had no idea 
he was responsible for the 
girl's disappearance. 

She was distraught when 
told by detectives and left 
next day to stay with her 
parents in London, taking 
their son, aged three. 

Detectives discovered that 
in 1968, before Adams was 
married, he had been jailed 
for four years for attempted 








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Derby death ‘accident’ 

By Alan Hamilton 

wot 50 
by beli- 
d cable 
v after 
ire than 
No one 

The suffragette who threw 
herself imder King Edward 
VH’s horse during the 1913 
Derby at Epsom did not end 
her life in sHicide. It was, 
according to new evidence, an 

A collection of Emily 
Davidson’s possessions re- 
cently found in a Sussex attic 
contains evidence to show 
bow the inquest jury reached 
its verdict of death by 

The three key items are a 
pass for a suffragette rally 

later that day, which suggests 
that she planned to attend; a 
race card which shows she 
had been betting; and a 
return train ticket to Victoria. 
Miss Davidson had suffrag- 
ette flags pinned inside her 
coat, and it now appears that 
she merely intended to con- 
duct her own brief demonstra- 
tion under the gaze of the 
King's binoculars. 

Mr Richard Pankhnrst, son 
of the suffragette, Sylvia 
Pankhnrst unearthed the evi- 
dence at the home of Mrs 
Rntb Yates in Rye, Sussex. 

of rape 
victim, 73 

A “deeply religions” wid- 
ow, aged 73, recited prayers 
as she was being raped by an. 
intruder, the Central Crimi- 
nal Court was told yesterday. 

The woman -woke aTti am 
to find Michael Cbffins 
standing over her lied. He 
stole £10 from her handbag 
and, after raping her, said 
that he would retam and stab 
her to death if she told the 
police, Mr Jeremy Carter- 
Manning, For the prosecution,, 

Collins, aged 23, mem- 
ployed, of Chadwick Road, 
Hariesden, north-west Lon- 
don, was jailed for seven : 
years for raping the grand- 
mother after mixing .drags 
with drink at a party. He 
admitted the offence. 

Collins told his victim 
afterwards: “A Mack man 
raping a white woman— I wffl 
get three years for this”. But 
Judge Thomas Pigot, the 
Common Serjeant said Col- 
lins was wrong on two counts: 
’’Whatever nationality, 
whether black or white, yon 
will be dealt with in the same 
way by these courts. 

“Secondly, if anyone har- 
bours the delusion that three 
years is an appropriate and 
proper sentence for an offence 
of this gravity they are 

seeks drug 


lord Blandford, heir to the 
£50million Blenheim estate, 
will go straight to a drag* 
dependency centre if be is 
released on' ' Friday from; 
Pfcntonvifle Prison, ■ Maryte-f 
bone Magistrates’ Court wasi 
told yesterday. « 

Ijiatidiorii, agcd*30, son of 
the Uth Duke of. Marlbor- 
ough, Is charged with four 
others with conspiracy to 
supply cocaine. 

Mr James Rankin, counsel 
for Blandford, said bail had 
been granted at a High Court 
hearing but, because of an- 
other matter, his client was in 
custody. However, Blandford) 
expected to be released on 
Friday- : . 

The magistrate, Mr Geof- 
frey Noel, extended bail of 
£10,000, subject to 
Blandfonfs tiring at the drug 
dependency conic. Farm 
Place, in Soney. 

George Yiallakas, aged 35. of 
Lower Soane Street, Chelsea, 
south-west London, and Law^ 
recce Zephyr, aged S3, or 
Ashmore Road, Maida Vale* 
west London, were remanded; 
in custody until February 2 4 . _ 
Angelos Sawides, aged 37ff 
and Metine Soszynski, aged 36/ 
were remanded on bail of 
£I,S00 each until February 17. 
All five are charged .with 
inspiring to contravene the 
Misuse of Drags Act, 1971. 

New airline to offer 
£99 flights to US 

An independent airiine 
rill oner 

that will offer £99 one-way 
flights to New York ana 
Toronto was launched yester- 

Highland Express, to be 
based at Prestwick, Strath- 
clyde, hopes to create 200 
jobs in Scotland by May, 
according to its American- 
born founder, Mr Randolph 
Fields, aged 33. , 

The airiine. which will 
compete with other low-cost 
operators, will come into 
operation on June 1. 

h has purchased a 15-year- 
old Boeing 747for £I5mil- 
lion, which is undergoing 

refurbishment in Hong Kong. 
Mr Fields said the company 
plans to have a second jumbo 
in operation by next year. 

One-way flights will cost 
£99 for the first three weeks 
and will then go up to £159 
for weekdays .and -£169 al 
weekends. . . 

Mr Fields said he was 
confident that Highland Ex- 
press would be able to offer 
£99 flights throughout the 
low season, from October to 
March. L 

The Civil Aviation Author- 
ity has approved its services 
from Birmingham. Stanstcd 




Airedale breeders are brac- 
ing themselves for i foshhraj 
craze after Ginger Xmas 
Carol, also known as 
became supreme champion atjl 
Crufts Dog Show. 

’“A rash on Airedales 
would be. disastrous for .toe 
breed; They need s peci a list 
attention and are certainly. I 
not suitable for high-rise flat| 
firing ” Mrs Dorothy Hi 
an Airedale exh ibitor 
breeder, said at tar kamels-l 
in Beckenham, Kent, yester-J 

Like poodles, AiredalesJ] 
known as toe “king off 
terriers”, do not moult 
need grooming and 
to keep their tan and 
coats in condition. 

Mrs Hanks, whose Aire-J 
dale, Temmoomt Playful, isj j 
also a champion, said that] 
people not used to haodJinjn 
terriers might abandon toeml 
became of the special attes-f) 
tion they need 

Ginger Xmas Carol’s suc- 
cess came 25 years after 
Riverina Tweedsbairn became 
the first Airedale to be 
supreme durapioa at Grafts 
hi 1961. 

There are more than 1,409 
registered Airedales in Brit- 
ain, acco rding to the Kennel 
Oil of Great Britain. Many 
are exported. 

The breed's popularity has 
risen and fallen since it was 
first recognized by the Kamel 
Club in the 1880s. The dog is 
thought to have developed 
through a cross between an 
otter hand and an OM 
Fjt gftsh terrier. Other 
known breeds also contribnt- 

Standing 24 indies to toe 
shoulder, the Airedale, known 
then as the Bangley or 
Waterside terrier, was re- 
nowned for. its hunting prow- 
ess, 'particularly with foxes 
and rats. 

” Airedales are also won- 
derful family pets, particular- 
ly with children. Dog owners 
should realize, however, that 
they are terriers and tew a 
boisterous temperament” 
Mis Hanks said. 

No gold on Armada meek 

By Ronald Faux 

Los Angeles for the stars. 

Dallas for some good of friends. 

The Tobermory gaDeon, 
and is legendary cargo of 
£ 30 mffiHin a> ranks as 
the most accessible yet elu- 
sive treasure hi toe ^«rW. 

°, e r the 

ries if has cost WO Mjs « 
Argyll their heads and at- 
tracted most serious treasure 
hunters to toe shallow waters 
of Tobermory Bay toe 

Island of Moll » *e too 
Hebrides- Latest 
was the tern fflucb sahgff 
gold bullion era; the w rect 
ofthe HMS Edinborgb. 
According to . ^L IS JK 


is about to “ 
listed, all have foiled because 
tteressel that btewup ck»e 
to Tobermory waterfront on 

the fabled Florence, can-vum 
a date’s treasures a 

crown and bnffiou that made 
ho 1 sides groan. It was, she 
a modi humbler 
„ from the Armada 
sank with iittie more 
coin than could be recovered 
from the pockets of its crew. 

Her evidenci is based on a 
memorandum from PhOfip n 
of Spain to his accountants 
saying he bad heard from tfes 
Yugoslav owners of toe san 
jo£i de Sicilia, a vessel 
commandeered by t he Span- 
ish saying that two survivors 
bad returned to Yugoslavia 
reporting that toeir ship tad 
canghtfo: and sunk at toe 
IsUhd of- Midi on November 
5,' 1588. 

Miss McLeay saidr "The 
owners were riatamg toe 
extra three months, hire from 
the time toe sMp was test 
sighted to when she. sank. 

This was an internal memo, a 
piece, of sheer financial ad- 
ministration, that actually 
settles the identity of the 
Toberazoray wreck beyond 

Today fittie evidence re- 
mains of the vessel and her 
bronze - gmw, which could 
have settled her identity, were 
probably melted down. 

In a forward to toe book, 
the Duke of Argyll masts 
that toe “tantalizing emgna 
goes on in spite of toe 
evidence”. His ancestors. un- 
derwent years of litigation 
over the supposed treasure 
with toe Duke of York, later 
James n. The Argylls won 
the case, although two dukes 
were later executed. 

Ibe tobermory TremP* . by 
Atudo McLeay (Conway Man- 
time Press; £I2Ji^ • 

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Unemployment in Wales • Sadler’s Wells 


Welsh secretary 
sticks to policy 


There was no need for a 
switch in the government 
attitude on unemployment. Mr 
Nicholas Edwards. Secretary of 
State for Wales, said during 
Welsh questions in the Com- 

he hoped this would not be 

Sir Anthony Meyer (Clwyd 
North West. Q said the 
quickest alleviation of prob- 
lems lay in farther expansion 
of the Community Programme 

the Minister should do every- 
ss for 

mens when be was challenged 

by a Labour back-ben c 
about Mr Michael Hese/ tine's 
weekend speech calling for the 
creation of a new "coring 

Mr Edwards said he did not 
think it needed a switch or 
change of attitude because 
concern on unemployment was 
shared by ail government 

He welcomed ibe changes in 
attitudes and performance in 
industry generally, though it 
was necessary for those in work 
to recognise that their pay 
increases created unemploy- 

Mr Edwards was answering 
Mr Raymond Powell (Ogmore, 
Lab) who had asked if he 
shared Mr Heseldne’s view 
that the government and the 
Conservative Party must 
switch to caring Conservatism 
and caring capitalism. 

Unemployment created 
degmditioa and frustration in 
homes, schools and in society 
generally iMr Powell said). Is 
not Mr Edwards concerned at 
the desperation which is lead- 
ing to the escalation of violence 
and crime in the Principality in 
particular? Or about the yoong 
taking to drugs? Isn’t it time 
that he joined his colleagues in 
protesting? There should be a* 
change in atxituide or a change 
in leadership. 

Sir Raymond Gower (Vale of 
Glamorgan. C) said Mr 
Powell's description of violence 
in Wales was a gross mis- 
representation and a distortion 
or the conditions there. 

Mr Edwards said perhaps the 
most important thing for job 
creation in Wales was to 
consider the reputation gained 
by firms here and abroad, in 
the attitude and performance of 
the Welsh workforce and the 

They do not have an image 
of violence and hostility (S ir 
Raymond continued) tool of a 
workforce which will cooperate 
to the full to make a success of 
companies. That is where the 
future lies. 

Mr Ronald Davies (Caer- 
philly, Lab) said that in Wales 
there was little real prospect of 
the young gening work and 
they bad to rely almost entirely 
on the Youth Training Scheme. 

The Mid Glamorgan Support 
Group had decided to refuse to 
sanction any further YTS 
schemes in 1986-87. 

Mr Edwards said it was not 
true to say there was no 

thing he could to press tor 
removal of the remain! 
obstacles in the way of ex 
ing iu 

Mr Edwards said this pro- 
gramme was important for the 
long term unemployed. At the 
end of Dece m be r last year 
there were about 12.000 filled 
places in Wales and the aim 
was to expand this to 20.500 by 

Mr Michael Foot (Btanau 
Gwent, Lab) said it was absurd 
and intolerable that this gov- 
ernment should insist through 
the MSC that extra funding 
should be made available by 
local authorities, particularly in 
the areas hardest hit. to get 
training schemes going. 

Why does he not think 
boldly (Mr Foot said), and say 
that central government should 
pay for it? 

Mr Edwards: I do not take it 
very well from Mr Foot of all 
people that he should lecture 
this government on youth 
training when his government 
failed to make provision for 
proper youth training. 

This government bad 
launched the largest youth 
training programme ever un- 
dertaken in the country and 
have extended the YTS. one 
year to a two year scheme. 
Labour had left a monstrous 
backlog for the government to 
catch up an. 

the receiving end not of caring 
capitalism but of naked, aggres- 
sive capitalism. 

Mr Edwards said regional 
policy was effective and Wales 
was well placed as bom out by 
the fact that over about 3 years 
Wales had got about 20 per 
cent of all inward investment 
to this country. In I98S it had 
obtained 48 overseas projects, 
more than double the 1983 

in the last week Wales had 
been able to get one of the best 
high technology research-based 
British company’s to open a 
new factory in Gwent It would 
take on over 500 people and 
was a world leading firm. 

Later. Mr Edwards said the 
unemployment total for the 
whole of Wales was 176,500, 
an increase of 135 per cent 
since 1979. 

Mr Barry Jones, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on Wales, 
said those figures invalidated 
Mr Edwards’ earlier remarks. 

When mil this waste of 
human resources in Wales (he 
asked) come to an end? When 
can our people expect work in 
measurable numbers which will 
get rid of distressing dole 

In the labour market report 
by the MSC three-quarters of 
all job losses in Wales are in 
the manufacturing sector and, 
on that basis, the de- 
industralisation of Wales under 
this Government continues 
apace, losing blue chip compa- 
nies like Couraulds. Metal Box 
and the Milk Marketing Board. 
He should ensure a change of 


A call for an inquiry into the 
allegation by Mr Alan Bristow 
that be was offered a knight- 
hood in return for bis with- 
drawal from the Westland bid, 
was rejected by Viscount 
Whftelaw, Lord President of 
the Council and Leader of the 
House of Lords, during ques- 
tion time in die House of 

Answering a question about 
die Government's knowledge 
of the alleged offer to Mr 
Bristow, Viscount WhHelaw 
said: It is not for me to 
question statements made by 
Mr Bristow, but I can assure 
the House that it is not 
possible within the workings of 
the honours system that any 
such offer could effectively 
have been made. 

Lord Stafford (Lab): I noted 
carefully Mr Bristow's exonera- 
tion of the Prime Minister in 
connection with the allegations. 

but there is great public 
disbelief that a non of Mr 
Bristow's background, charac- 
ter and obvious active support 
of the Tory Party, could 
concetveably have fabricated 
such an allegation. 

As two members of this 
House have been mentioned in 
this inducement and . that 
brings suspicion on all of us in 
this House, will be initiate an 
inquiry so we can find out the 
truth and lift suspicion?. 

Viscount White fowi The fact 
that Mr Bristow has exonerated 
the Prime Minister effectively 
makes my point It is not ft 
me either to confirm or doty 
(he latest proposals about Mr. 
Bristow since I must say I have 
no knowledge of Mr Bristow in 
any regard. I have met him, 
but I have no knowledge of his 
political affiliations. - 

I do not see bow any offer 
which, if it was made must 
have been in the form of gossip 
or tittle-tattle, could possibly be 
the subject of an inquiry. 

Lord Pevtrta of Yeovil <ck 

Does the originator of such 
suggestions .without revealing 
the sources, accept thereafter to 
have very little weight attached 
to anything be soys and those 
who circulate the su g g es t io n, do 
themselves very little credit? 

Viscount Wbitefawi I have 
no comment to make on Mr 

Viscount St Davids (tad); It 
is dear that any peer who 
offered Mr Bristow an honour 
of any kind must inevitably 
have been suffering from 
certifiable insanity and ts thus 
excusable from this House. 

Lord WUrefovr That ques- 
tion shows bow wise I was to 
refrain from any particular 

Lord Hatch of Lnsby (Lab): 
There is nothing unusual about 
members of this House or 
other members of the political 
system, promising to recom- 
mend that an individual be 
given a knighthood or a 
p eer ag e. 

In Mr Bristow's case he 
would qualify in view of the 
rccoid of this Governmenfs 
recommendations for honours, 
in that he is very wealthy and 
has contributed substantially to 
the Conservative Party. . 

Viscount Whitsfow: I do not 
know Mr Bristow's position. As 
for the honours system, of 
course there will befew in this 
House, and I am not immune, 
who have not had people come 
□p to them saying “would not 
it be a good idea bid bey if 1 
was to join you in the House of 

1 have beard that on aB.sons 
of occasions, bur if I was to say 
"Yes. that would be absolutely 
splendid" I would not ac tually 
be making an offer or recom- 
mendation because the system 
has many checks and balances 
which have been there a tong < 



The Conservative ' Party 
denbastrased o«er die. week- 
end jnst bow badly k has 
bees d am age d by the West- 
land saga, it presented the 

picture of * party divided over 
its {stare and uncertain about 
its feaderehip. . 

Tins, mcerta mty was eri- 

To engage in gossip or tittle- 1 < ^ nt gwmrm s 

tattle ofthts kind is not | of tbe Tltafefcg jayatists, who 
realistic and does not do os any } Mt it necessary to leap tu her 

good. _ 

Hope for Sadler’s Government firm 

Wells rises 

on new GCSE 


Government policy to help the 
ales get more work. 

prospect for young people in 
Wales, r ‘ 

He knew of major 
■ companies in Wales taking on 
labour with an average age of 
18'A. Two other companies in 
South Wales had workers of an 
average age of under 27. A lot 
of the young were getting work. 
He W3S concerned that agree- 
ment bad not yet been reached 
in Mid Glamorgan about the 
Manpower Services 

Commission's proposals. 

He believed the problems 
would be overcome by the 
Commission and he noted with 
satisfaction that other provid- 
ers of training had said they 
would provide and take up the 
training places if necessary. But . 

Edwards: Pay increases 
create unemployment 

Mr Dafydd Wigley (Caernar- 
fon. PI C) said that despite the 
changes brought on stream 
with YTS. unemployment had 
more than doubled since 1979. 
A policy change was needed. 
How much worse must be the 
situation become before a 
change was made? 

Mr Edmuds: Mr Wigley 
does not tell us what his policy 
would be to produce growth 
without inflation. He should 
welcome that we are in the fifth 
year of growth, that inflation 
continues to fall, that we have 
the fastest growing economy in 
Europe, that investment and 
manufacturing investment 
have grown steadily since 1983 
and that many firms in Wales 
are undertaking massive invest- 
ment. massive expansion and 
are taking on people. 

Mr Roy Hughes. Opposition 
spokesman on Wales, said 
regional aid assistance to Wales 
have fallen by 40 per cent since 
1979 and was due to fall even 
further until 1990. The trend 
was towards social disintegra- 
tion. be suggested, an was it 
not time for rite Minister to 
accept that Wales had been on 

people of W 

Mr Edwards: We are dealing 
with a situation in which there* 
are about 35.000 people who 
have joined those eligible to 
work during the period of this 
Government so we have more 
people coming into the labour 

We had to deal with what 1 
think may well have been the 
Final stage in the decline of the 
old basic industries in Wales 
that has gone on for many 
generations and we must now 
look to build on die very 
substantial number of new 
companies we have succeeded 
in attracting over the last few 

Later. Mr Edwards said the 
Government had provided 
massive assistance, including 
urban aid. to Clwyd in tbe last 
12 months. They would con- 
tinue to provide that particular 
area of North East Wales with 
support at a high level. 

Because they were doing so, 
it was a part of Wales that was 
being particularly successful in 
attracting new investment and 
new industries. 

Mr Allan Sogers (Rhondda, 
Lab) said the position in Wales 
was disastrous. Inward invest- 
ment was not there in sufficient 
scale to solve the deep problem 
they had in Wales. The 
Government should stop im- 
porting foreign coal Hus was 
destroying the mining industry 
of South Wales. 

Will the Secretary of State 
(he continued) cease his weak- 
kneed. pathetic subservience to 
the Prime Minister? 

Mr Edwards said the import 
of some special coals was 
required because these coals 
were not readily available in 
this country. The coals were 
required by the British Steel 
Corporation which had to 
survive in a competitive mar- 

Mr Richard lame. Minister 
for the Arts, said in the 
Commons he hoped an initia- 
tive announced that day by the 
Arts Council would enable the 
Sadler's Wells theatre to be 
kept open. 

The Arts Council had an- 
nounced it would hold a 
meeting on Friday February 14 
with Sadler's Wells and tbe 
three companies that regularly 
used the theatre to discuss a 
possible solution. This would 
involve the Arts Council giving 
the companies additional funds 
in order to enable them to pay 
economic levels of rent for the 

Mr Lace added later (in a 
written reply): I applaud this 
initiative, and I hope and 
believe that a scheme on these 
lines, combined with other 
fund-raising efforts as appro- 
priate, will enable the main 
stage of the theatre to remain 

I understand that there is 
also a separate plan to open a 
new community studio during 
1986-87. No doubt Sadler's 
Wells will be discussing this 
with the Arts Council and the 
relevant successor authorities. 

Mr Norman St JohinSteras 
(Chelmsford, C). former Arts 
Minister, had said that business 
sponsorship had tragically 
failed to raise the small sum of 
money needed to keep the 
Sadler's Wells theatre open and 
had asked what plans Mr Luce 
had for finding that £250.000 
which would save the nation 
from a major cultural disaster. 

Mr Luce said that the 
present level of business 
sponsorship for tbe arts was 
estimated by the Association 
for Business Sponsorship of the 
Arts at about £20 million. 

Mr Timothy Yeo (South 
Suffolk, O'- The level of 
business sponsorship could be 
substantially increased if 
companies could deduct their 
donations up to an agreed limit 
of pre-tax profits, akmg Ameri- 
can lines. 

This would be a cost- 
effective charge because for 
each pound of tax revenue 
foregone expenditure on the 
arts would increase by almost 

Mr Luce: The Business 
Sponsorship Incentive Scheme 

has made a significant 
contribution in increasing the 
amount of money for the arts 
in the last 15 or 16 months, 
which is now to the tune of 

That is a lot of money, 
additional money for the arts, 
and it is something; which 1 
have increased in the forth- 
coming year's financial budget. 

On tax changes, a number of 
positive changes have been 
made in. the last few years 
designed to encourage addi- 
tional business sponsorship for 
the arts, 1 wish to see further 
improvements in that connec- 

Mr Tony Banks (Newham 
North West, Lab): The figure 
he gave of £20 million for 
business sponsorship is only an 
estimate and I personally 
believe it is far less than £20 

Will be take steps to ensure 
that business sponsorship 
money for the am is recorded 



Those choices should 
regaded as equaL 
They still under-prepared 

Scant business 
to arts 

far more . . accurately . than 
present guesstimates because 
otherwise there is going to be a 
misleading impression given? 

Mr L nee I take his point I 
suspect it is a conservative 

Mr Toby Jessd (Twick- 
enham, O congratulated the 
Minister on having used his 
office to bring about the 
announcement on Sadler’s 

Mr Luce, while expressing 
gratitude, said it was prin- 
cipally tbe responsibility of the 
Arts Council to find a satisfac- 
tory solution. The meeting of 
February 14 would, he be- 
lieved, be a move towards, 
finding a solution to enable the 
theatre to keep open. 

The Government was not 
prepared to abandon the new 
General Certificate of Second- 
ary Education examination and 
to preside over what would be 
a chaotic retreat. Mr Chris- 
topher Patten, Minister of State 
for Education and Science, 
declared in a Commons debate 
on education and training. 

He said preparations for the 
examination . were, unprece- 
dented. Most of them had gone 
according to plan and some 
were slightly ahead of plan. 

He agreed that the timetable 
was tight and put additional 
professional demands on 
secondary school teachers, bat 
retreat from that timetable was 
simply not an option. 

The Government would lis- 
ten sympathetically, however, 
to any suggestions made by tbe 
examining .groups, employers 
or teacher unions about ways 
m which tbe Government 
might help to smooth the 
introduction of this important 

Teaching of the new sylla- 
buses would start this autumn. 
The examination would be sat 
for the first time in the summer 
of 1988. 

Opening the debate, Mr Alan 
Haseffumt (Saffron Walden, 
C) moved a motion calling for 
future policy towards 14 to 19 
year olds to be based on a dose 
integration of education, train- 
ing and tbe youth service, 
taking full account of the amw 
and objectives of Industry ' 

He said education and train- . 
mg should begin at tbe age of 
14 and there should be three' 
choices - first, an acaricmkafly- 
orie mated course; second, a 
technical and vocationally-ori- 
entated course; and third, a 

young people for the world of 
It shot 

work. It should become tbe 
accepted norm that frill time 
work only begin at the age of 
18 at the earliest. 

They should encourage 
youngsters to be able to switch 
about between different routes 
and channels. 

Employee had to understand 
what they woe getting when 
young people presented them- 
selves seeking a Job.- Therefore, 
employers must have greater 
input into the system, making 
it clear what they expect from 
potential recruits. 

Mr Patten said there would be 
chaos only if some of. the 
iffriwr unions determined that 
there would be chaos. 

But I do nor believe (he said) 
in the week of what we ail hope 
wiQ be a satisfactory settlement 
under ACAS, that any respon- 
sible secondary teacher will 
really set out to wreck what afl 
teacher unions recognize as tire 
most important wlmviinMi 
advance for children of this sue 
that anyone has undertaken for 

For most yoong people h 
was crystal dear that a oncc- 
and-for-afi plunge into the Job 
marto without any training 
after age 16 offered only the 
most questionable of futures. 

One reason for the failure to 
bring together education and 
training was the absurd and 
debilitating polarization be- 
tween so-called academic team- 
ing and so-called vocational 

If^pring • . . 

Mr Barry Sbeenaaa, " and 
Opposition .spokesman on 
education and wnmit^ said the 
Secretary of State for Education 
and Science (Sir Keith Joseph) 
had again and again attacked 
teachers for being poor teach- 
ers, which was wrong and had 

defence. Lord Wbitelaw 
spoke oat openly and eagerly 
on her behalf os Friday. 

Mr Norman Tebbit did so 
■tore obtigneJy *r tbe Ywnq? 
Conservators' conference in 
Blackpool “The Opposition 
would tike to see the Prime 
Minister removed”, be de- 
clared. “t jet them say who 
coaid - possSUy take her 
pface." R was a comment that 
seemed to he directed even 
more pointedly to sane mem- 
bers of his own party. 


Campaign shows 
leader in trouble 

workplace-orientated course. undermined the profession 

Mystery of smallpox 
virus at hygiene school 


There were loud Conser- 
vative reactions after MPs had 
been told that the chief 
executive of the Welsh Water 
Authority (Mr Bernard Doyle) 
had complained to Mr Nicho- 
las Edwards, Secretary of State 
for Wales, that a statement in 
the Commons last week by 
Mrs Ann Clwyd (Cynon Val- 
ley. Lab) was a complete 

It happened during ques- 
tions, after Mrs Clwyd had 
reminded Mr Edwards that he 
had told MPs that the chair- 
man of the Welsh Water 
Authority (Mr John El fed 
Jones) favoured privatisation. 
But she told him that tbe chief 
executive had said he could see 
no value in it for consumers or 

Who is s 

Clash over future of water in Wales 

for the Welsh Water Authorir 

speaking (she asked) 

The chairman, whom Mr 
Edwards appointed, or tbe 
chief executive, who is speak- 
ing for the majority of the 
people of Wales? (Conservative 

Mr Edwards said the chief 
executive had written to him 
about what Mrs Clwyd quoted 
him as saying. 

The letter said Mr Doyle was 
sorry confusion was caused- 
(Labour laugh terj-and that he 
wanted to set the record 
straight by making it clear he 
said nothing of the son to Mrs 
Clwyd (Conservative cries of 
“Oh”). Mr Doyle had said be 
felt particularly aggrieved that 
words attributed to him in the 
House were a complete fabrica- 

Earlier. Mr Edward Row- 

lands (Merthyr Tydfil and 
Rhymney. Lab) said the 
overwhelming majority of peo- 
ple in Wales found it deeply 
offensive that there was to be 
profiteering on such a basic 
supply as water to their homes. 
There would be no com- 

Mr Edwards (he said) has no 
mandate to introduce this sort 
of system before the next 
election. (Labour cheers and 
Conservative protests). 

Mr Edwards said many 
people in Wales would like to 
buy shares in the new com- 
pany. It was not true that there 
would be no competition. 
There was room for greatly 
improved service and ef- 

Later, on a point of order, 
Mrs Clwyd said the Secretary 

of State for Wales ) bad 
accused her of misleading the 
House by quoting from a 
statement made by tbe chief 
executive of the Welsh Water 
Authority. She would like to 
repeat that statement 
The Speaker (Mr Bernard 
Weatherill): ] cannot allow her 
to do that because this is an 
extension of question time. We 
frequently hear answers with 
which we disagree. 

If 1 allowed her to take np a 
challenge of that kind I would 
have to do it for every other 
MP. It would not be fair. 

Mr Edwards: I think it 
would be helpful if I were to 
lay the full text of the letter in 
the library. Thai is what I 
propose to do. 

Mr Barry Jones, Chief 
Opposition spokesman on 

Wales: 1 welcome that Mr 
Edwards made an unwarranted 
attack on Mrs Clwyd 

Mr KAwnrdx I made no 
attack on her. I merely quoted 
from a letter sent to me by 
someone who fat aggrieved by 
something said by her. 

Mrs Clwyd: It would have 
been courteous for the chief 
executive of the Welsh Water 
Authority to have sent me a 
copy of tbe letter and I would 
expect an apology 

There was no d a ng e r arising 
from the discovery of a batch 
of smallpox virus at the 
London School of Hygiene and 
Tropical Medicine, Lord 
Trefearne, Minister of State for 
Deforce, said during question 
time in the House ofLords. An 
investigation was bring made 
into the discovery. 

According to the notifica- 
tions received under these' 
regulations, the last stocks of 
smallpox virus were removed 
from this country in 1982. 

Inspectors from the Health and 
Safety Exec 

Answering a question about 
the control of dangerous patho- 
gens. be said: General control 
of pathogens, as with other 
workplace hazards, is provided 
by the Health and Safety at 
Work Etc. Art 1974. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30k Wages Bill, 
second reading: Atomic Energy 
Authority Bill, remaining 
stages. Lords (230k Prevention 
of Oil Pollution Bill, third 
reading. Shops Bill, report 

This places a duty cm 
employers to take all reason- 
able practicable steps to safe- 
guard the health of their 
employees and others. Under 
the Health and Safety (Dan- 
gerous Pathogens) Regulations 
1981, keeping, Handling and 
transport of some of tbe most 
dangerous pathogens, including 
smallpox, must be notified to 
the Health and Safety Exec- 

Appeal for POW 
germ war facts 

The wife of a former 
British prisoner-of-war has 
written to President Reagan 
asking him to release secret 
documents concerning genu 
warfare experiments carried 
out by Japanese doctors 
during the Second World 

Twenty-seven former pris- 
oners from Britain, the Unit- 
ed States and Australia are 
campaigning for the truth to 
be revealed by the Japanese 
and US governments. 

A British television docu- 
mentary, Did The Emperor 

“Many wives, children and 
grandchildren of the Mukden 
men have suffered many 
unexplained strange fevers 
and illnesses in Britain and 
America. We are campaign- 

ing for justice and the truth**, 

Mrs Christie, of Bryncir, 
north Wales, said yesterday. 



■ Know shown in Britain and 
. American last year, alleged a 
r cover-up by the American 
- Government. It claimed Jap- 
; anese doctors, of the germ 

■ warfare laboratory. Unit 731, 
were given immunity after 

J . the war in return for giving 
General Douglas Mac Arthur 
all records of the experi- 

Mrs Eileen Christie, aged 
“ 59. whose husband, Arthur, 
survived the laboratory camp 
at Mukden, Manchuna, said 
in her letter to President 
Reagan that the documents 
will show what kind of 
injections her husband and 

Her youngest daughter died 
last year, two months before 
her eighteenth birthday, from 
a tumour in the spine. Mis 
Christie said that she had had 
blood tests since she was two 
years old, and had similar 
fevers to those suffered by 
her father. 

The American Mukden 
survivors have won a Senate 
inquiry, to begin this month. 

Mr Christie, who was a 
sergeant in the British Army 
for 16 years, said the British 
POWs also want an inquiry. 
He said a diary kept by 
Major Robert Peaty gave 
details of the Mukden experi- 
ments and copies have been 
sent to both American and 
Australian POWs. 

POWs suffered. 

The Japanese doctors al- 
ways claimed the Mukden 
men were injected for influ- 
enza and small pox. 

Rival design for fleet tender 

Executive are investigat- 
ing tbe recent discovery of 
material labelled smallpox 
SP22 at the London School of 
Hygiene and Tropical Medi- 

The executive is satisfied 
that all appropriate steps have 
been taken to deal with risks 
that may have arisen out of the 
discovery. Further steps are 
being taken to remind relevant 
employers of the re quir ements 
for safe working with patho- 

He added later No danger at 
all has arisen from the inddent 
As far as I am aware, smallpox, 
has been eradicated from the 
world altogether although occa- 
sionally cases occur and they 
have lobe dealt with. 

The virus is held only in the 
United States and the Soviet 
Union and it is kept there for 
research purposes. How the 
batch came to be found at the 
London School, is a m a n e r 
now bang investigated fully. 

So- Geoffrey Howe -drew 
sfindek to Mrs Thatcher's 
international standing, an 
asset for this eomstry that is 
Utdifcefyto have heat dintin- 
csbed by foe Westland fracas 
bat say too easffy be 
forgotten amidst .nor Cede 
local exritenea&i 
A leader who reqaires an 
obviously concerted ca m paign 
of support from cofleagaes is 
dearly in some kind of 
troah fa. But just how serious 
were tbe Conservative attacks 
upon Mrs Thatcher, whether 
lightly or temfy eoded? . 

The mom • direct and the 
feast unexpected came from 
tar-MkhaeT Hesd&te. It was 
an assault not expfidtlj upas 
her as leader but qpas the 
basic direction of tbe Govern- 
ment. Mr Heseltine has never 
accepted the hands-off ap- 
proach to I nd u st ry 
IBs belief a “foe doses* 
refjrtionsfcip between gomn- 
ment and mAstxy" is not a 
new discovery that has rinse 
to Mm only with the hag of 
office. He was saying' the 
same in las speech ft the 
1975 Gw ww fiw outer- 
an; the first not after "Mrs 
Thatcher became party Rad- 
er. ' ’ *'■ '■ ■■ f •: 

The a eria a me ss of this 
attack is that it goes nach 
deeper than personalities. But 
this fine of reasoning s table 
to suffer from being associat- 
ed with Mr Hesdtme’s pre- 
sumed hid far the sncccssan, 
which seems doomed to fad. 

Mr Peter Walkers caff for 
“some radical - rethinking" 
and Mr .Nbrimur Fowfer’s 
enthusiasm for spending more 
on die welfare state -may both 
have sounded a discordant 
note to the Prime Minister’s 
ears. Bntfroth minsters were 
much the same before 
wkhoed shaking (he 
Government's foundations.. 

Biffen worried by 
Alliance threat 




British Shipbuilders has 
produced a contender for a 
new class of Royal Fleet 
Auxiliary supply ship, which 
it claims will cost only half as 
much as a design scheduled 
to be ordered by tbe Royal 
Navy next month. 

Hie new design is known 
as the Fleet Support King 
20/20 because it can operate 
at more than 20 knots and 
carry more than 20,000 
tonnes of cargo. It was first 
shown to the Royal Navy last 
October and detailed specifi- 
cations have been under 
examination since December. 

The Fleet 
cheaper and 

.Hag 20/20 , British Shipfarildexs’ 
rival for the Royal Fleet Auxiliary 

Mr Graham Day, chairman 
and chief executive of British 
Shipbuilders, said it was 
designed as a possible re- 
placement for the 
ships of the Royal 

Consortia led by Hariand 
and Wolff and Swan Hunter 
have submitted tenders to 
build the first of another class 
of support ship, the auxiliary 
oiler replenishment (AOR) 
vessels, which are specifically 
intended to support the 
navy's new type of frigate, 
the Type 23- Duke Glass, 

The Ministry of Defence 
originally estimated a price of 
less than £ 100 m ill i nn ea ch 

for the AORs. but there have 
been persistent reports that 
the tender price will be about 
£!35million each, and that 
the specification had to be 
lowered to get the cost down 
to that leveL 

Tbe price includes defen- 
sive weapons, including the 
vertical-launch Sea Wolfmis- 
sile. Mr Day put the price of 
British Shipbuilders' un- 
armed King 20/20 at £65jniJ- 
uon to £75miUion. 

He said the King 


designed for something below 
the level of the AOR, 
although he pointed out that 
it carries more stores at 
higher speed. He dearly 

hopes that, were the Ministry 
to decide that the AOR is too 
expensive, his design will be 
considered as an alternative. 

Any orders will be built at 
the Govan shipyard, 
Clydeside, or at Wearside, Co 

British Shipbuilders has 
also briefed the Australian, 
New Zealand and United 
States navies on the sew 

Decline in 
meat sales 

By Oar Agriculture 

Confirmation that ft* de- 
cline in wmi rating in Britain 
has been reversed came in 
figures released yesterday by 
the Meat and Livestock 
Commission. Total meat con- 
sumption last year was 2.7 
per cent higher than in 1984 
and sales of red meat were np 
by 3.8 per cent. 

British consumption was 
about three million tonnes of 
meat, the highest figure since 

The biggest increase was 
for beef and veal, up by 6 . 5 
per cent to 1JHUMX) tonnes. 
Poultry sales were also im by 
3.6 per cat and pork by 3 
per cent. Although consump- 
tion of mutton and lamb was 
down, sales of home-prod need 
lamb increased by 2 per cent. 

The claim that tbe down- 
ward trend had been 
stemmed, first w a d e in the 
■autumn, had been disputed by 
vegetarian organizations. Bet 
Mr Keith Robots, the cam- 
BUStiw chairman, said yes- 
terday that the figures 
disposed of "tbe fictitious 
claims of vegetarian 

Radio aids 
’can helj 
pupils 9 

^ t 

By Our Social Services 

Thousands of deaf and 
hard-of-hearing children 
could be given the chance of 
a normal education if the 
National Health Service were 
to provide a comp re hensive 
rather than patchy supply of 
radio hearing aids, a study 
commissioned by ministers 

Radio hearing aids, where 
for example a teacher uses a 
radio microphone whose sig- 
nal is picked op by the child's 
hearing aid, work in class- 
rooms far better than conven- 
tional aids. 

Despite their effectiveness, 
a third of radio aids are 
provided by charities or are 
bought by parents. 

The survey found that 
about 3,300 children had 
access to radio aids, which 
cost between £500 and £1.200 
each, butif the health service 
were to run a national 
programme bulk orders could -j 
cut foe cost of foe aids by ud 
to 70 ' per cent 
Radio Hearing Aids Jin- Chil- 
dren (Royal National Institute 
for foe Deaf 105 Gower Street. 
London WClE 6AHX . 

If I were Mrs Thatcher, foe 
ministerial that 

would cause me most anxiety 
came from Mr John Biffen. I 
would be disconcerted both by 
Us remark in his fetter to his 
constituency chainnan that 
“the language of conflict can 
easily degenerate fate self- 
defeating aggression”, and by 
his refusal on BBC radio on 
Sunday to gfre an meqoiro- 
cal assertion foal be expected 
her to lead die party to 
victory at tbe general election. 

Ells statements were signif- 
leant not because be is 
disloyal, bat -because be is 
frank. He dearly believes 
that a new style iff leadership 
is required to beat off tbe 
threat from the Affiance is 
particular, and he does not 
seem to be. convinced that 
Mrs Thatcher can provide it 
Bat what is being ex- 
pressed here is sorely a doubt 
rattier than a challenge. It 
indicates the nature of the 
problem now faring Mrs 
Thatcher. What she has to 
fear is not a Cabinet insurrec- 
tion, bat a m ramring helief In 
foe partiamentary party that 
it fa beaded for defeat 
There wOl have to be some 
concessions to foe principle iff 
coWective Cabinet responsi- 
bility. Bat it will -fie no bad 
thing if there is a more 
orderly -system ot consults- 

Ope of tbe reasons for tbe 
British Leyland fiasco .last 
week was that a number of 
ministers concerned-Mr Nor- 
man Fowler and Mr George 
Younger were among those to 
profest-were not brought into 
tbe discussions in good 
The critical test for Mrs 
Thatcher, though, juli not be 
whether . she . waiwp* ' to 
assuage the irritations of her 
colleagues, but whether site 
can recapture the confidence 
of tbe electorate. If she can. 
no ministerial nnmnnrings. 
will matter. If sfae. cannot, her 
bold., on office will , become 
em more in petfl: 




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f i u 5 ^i5«^ f 


Iran troops threaten 
Basra after night 
attack on Iraa island 


For thrfir* time in the wj-Jte. river jtadta, ^ while the 

five-and-a-half-year Gulf war. 

the Iranians have succeeded dai 

m crossing the broad Shalt M 

al-Arab waterway south of ino “"ViT ironner at saiwan. 

Iraqi city o/ Basra and f bmhfrf5w“ iJ£t mUddy 11,6 news 

“ af kf [f 1 ® highway south of Basra 
_ ? J"® Prophet which leads to the Kuwaiti 

_ before storm- frontier at Safwan. 

^ h *- 1 — « -g ^ a* 

■ — ”T ‘iHUUii |||| § liC i |3* 

"* ■« te a« Imnian offo,- £, £ 

not onlv ihp m9 ;„ i«„*r 6 ■ . mai ■“ Iranian onen- 

Kuwait but Basra i tdl* W Bawa^ ar^°^troS hi ,rania °s sustained “high 
The offensive - which the their thIS** ^ casualties*’ 

Iranians codenamed “Dawn armv roS^A ?JS-, Seventh Basra itself was heavily 
8 " — was intended to mart A J n P ,1 ®jy shelled during Sunday night, 

the sevStf^ve^rT?f SffilS “ to 8 the Vranim 

the Islamic iwlut™ thS HtSS *?“ "ho in 1984 tried to cut the 

brought Ayatollah Khomeini wip Li 0Ul , ^ city off by attacking through 

to po^ brnh also S ifZZ ^ to * e nor *- 

the gravest blow to s ra «v ’ but the Although the Iraqis never 

military power si no* th*. • ra T! a f ls publicly admitted the fact, 

muiwy power since the great had crossed the nver told its {he Iranians did then briefly 

the main road to 


w u ,n 1116 Howeiza own story. _™ 

^ eS |^„ y ™, agD - „ ““*»« « "4b* and SfeT 

^-' e whirls 

aSSt L "fSr °r **“ buUw> ’ Gulf states close* to the war. 

me itmis when they — without fear of a counter- m TEHRAN- Avatollah Kho- 

StlSliESA offensive by the Iraqi Air SffJ^igSdVSS 

st 0 rms Mdl«W™£ « to F °f^ whjc t ,n past, has j 0 some 150 foreign Muslim 

storms ana heavy ram at 10 not hesitated to use gas on activists vesterdav some. 

Sgff hours' ?*5 V** f “ EXJST& ^iht 

admitted that’ th? . J 1 ^ 00 ^ however tei,u ” sternly pointing finger but 

bSTjiSS - S .?g- ^ * also provoking laughlcr 

, ‘a shaky 

foothold" on their side of the 
river, a clear indication thai 
the Tehran claim was sub- 
stantially true. 

Urn al -Rasas Island is a 
waterlogged sandbar of date 
palms and abandoned vil- 
lages, three miles from the 
main road between Basra and 
the oil terminal al Fao, and 
once connected to the main- 
land by a metal pontoon 
bridge. According to Tehran 
radio, Iranian soldiers 

road to Fao virtually impass- 

Marking the anniversary of 
Iran's Islamic Revolution, he 
told guests they had a duty to 
spread the good name of 
Islam and defend Iran against 
its detractors abroad. 

“Go and awaken your 
nations. Do not worry what 
your government would do. 
If it does something, it just 
increases the respect in which 


you are held If it sends you 

to prison or exile, you wilf be 
even more respected" he 

in the 
fast lane 

From Ian Murray 

Israelis are being asked by 
police to report government 
ministers 1 ' cars if they notice 
them speeding. 

The request comes from the 
head of the National Traffic 
Police, Assistant Commander 
Eitan Ben-Yehoshna, after a 
motoring magazine recorded 
that every minuter using the 
main motorway between Tel 
Aviv and Jerusalem one 
morning was travelling at 
least 11 mph oyer the speed 

The magazine Auto is 
campaigning for an increase 
in speed limits above the 
present national ceiling of 90 
kilometers per hour (56 mph). 

Armed with a radar gun, it 
staked oat the road one 
Sunday morning when minis- 
ters who live in Tel Aviv were 
bound to be on their way to 
the Knesset in Jerusalem. 

Of the 11 who took the 
road with their chanffears, 
the fastest, appropriately 
enough, was the Energy 
Minister, Mr Moshe Shahal, 
roaring past in his Volvo 240 
at more than 86 mph - some 
30 mph over the limit. 

Not much slower was the 
Police Minister, Mr Haim 
Bar Lev, whose Peugeot 505 
was docked at over 79 mph. 
The slowest, again appropri- 
ately, was die Health Minis- 
ter, Mr Mordechai Gar, in 
bis Volvo 240 travelling at a 
relatively modest 67.5 mph. 
The average speed of the 
ministers was nearly 76 i«ph- 

Mr Shahal has refused to 
accept the test as accurate. 
His driver, he said, has 
orders to obey the speed 
limit. Mr Bar Lev has in the 
past asked unsuccessfully for 
the speed limit to be raised. 

Tbe assistant commander 
agrees with the m a g azin e that 
it is time to raise the speed 
limit ou motorways. 

His figures show that last 
year 16 per cent fewer 
speeding tickets were issued 
than in 1984 while there were 
3 per cent fewer road acci- 
dents and 9 per cent fewer 

Palestinians turn 
down Peres plan 

Chaos in the Philippines election count 

About 200 people protested at the presence of Senator Richard Lagar. left, chief US observer of the Philippine 
presidential election, outside the Manila Hotel yesterday as he held a press conference. 


From David Watts, Manila 

Mr Joe Concepcion cuts a 
rather unlikely figure for a 

Nevertheless, the rather 
chubby miBkHitaire Filipino 
businessman of Chinese ex- 
traction leads aa unarmed 
army of his countrymen, from 
every imaginable background, 
the desperate struggle to 
protect the Filipinos' right to 
decide their president. 

Though polling day has 
passed, the most important 
part of the “war" is yet to 
come - trying to ensure that 
the election retnrns presented 
to Parliament for ratification 
are a true reflection of the 
votes cast 

Mr Concepcion, who has 
one of the Philippines' largest 
private companies. Republic 
Flour Mills, and a hotel 
among his interests, said: 
“Yon Europeans cake fair 
elections for granted: we have 
to Oght for 

The Gou-mmeat has at- 
tempted to depict him as a 
bnri;«£>Guui slighted by the 

and. like many in the Church, 
he sees the values and lives of 
younger Filipinos being de- 
valued by the present dispen- 

President Reagan, in a pre- 
election statement, said the 
United States would base its 
jvdgement of the election on 
Namfrcl's opinion. Senator 

stooges, bnt Namfrel’s trea- 
surer maintains that all 
foreign offers or financial 
support have been declined. 

On Friday, Namfrel had 
hoped to have representatives 
at 85 per cent of the country's 
86.000 polling stations but 
manipulation, flouting of elec- 
tion instructions and terror- 
ism, eliminated them entirely 

Richard Lugsr. chairman of 

present regime and out to the Senate foreign relations from five provinces. Mr 
satisfy bis own ends. Last committee, who has just Conception's army consists of 
year he was given a bill for completed observation of the 
400 million pesos of unpaid elections, called Namfrel his 

“eyes and ears". As a result, 

Mr Conception and his 
movement have been vilified 
in the pro-Marcos press and 
by Mr J.V. Cruz, the 


Like many businessmen, 
Mr Concepcion is frustrated 
with the way crony capital- 
ism, the control of the 

nuns, teachers, students and 
retired army officers. On the 
northern island of Batanas, 
two of its poll watchers in one 
precinct were retired school 
teachers over the age of 70 
They have had to endme 

From Oar Own Correspondent, Jerusalem 

The idea of giving Arabs in 
the occupied territories limit- 
ed autonomy, floated at the 
weekend by Mr Shimon 
Peres, the Israeli Prime 
Minister, has found little or 
no support from Palestinians 
or Israelis. 

His suggestion is to create 

Yassir Arafat, chairman of 
the PLO, to work together to 
negotiate for a Palestinian 
homeland confederated to 

Mr Peres believes this 
attempt has been a total 
failure so far. He has asked 
Mr Gad Yaakobi. the Eco- 

a kind of regional govern- nomic and Planning Minis- 
ment in which the Arab ter. to draw up a detailed 
inhabitants would be granted scheme for making signlfi- 
conirot over such areas as cant improvements in the 
education, health and agricul- living standards in tbe occu- 

ture_ pied territories and for reduce 

But yesterday leading Pal- . ® * minimum Israeli 

estinians in the territories 
spurned the idea for not 

The National Citizens' country's main industries by Philippines Ambassador to threats, beatings and the 

Mo veme nt for Free Elections friends of Mr Marcos, is Loudon. possibility of m the 

(Namfrel) first made its sapping economic strength. There have been the inev- hope that they will help 

appearance during the partia- But there is more to it than itable accusations of being restore some of the 

mentary poll of 1984. Then a that. He is a devout Catholic Central Intelligence Agency Philippines' lost freedoms, 

mainly middle-class organiza- 

tion, it limited fraud in the 
parliamentary elections and 
helped rekindle the spirit of 
struggle which has now come 
dose to removing the presi- 

Lugar’s team reports back 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Senator Richard Lugar is to lead the congressional army Green Berets, to 

In a letter lo his. thousands due to report to President team. His vexation and anger Philippines Army training 

I a a .Jp_ . III DnfWmvt fA^4«r An tliA Dviitin «L. ... .r —I - - _ kf. 

of volunteers before polling 
day, Mr Concepcion told 
them to chain themselves to 
tbe ballot boxes if necessary. 
He warned than they might 
have to protect the sanctity of 
the ballot with their fives. 
Mr Concepcion was in 

Reagan today on the Philip- 
pines election, which presents 
the Administration with one 
of its most difficult foreign 
policy decisions. 

Amid reports that the 
Pentagon is considering send- 

at the conduct of the election 
will inevitably fuel calls in 
Congress for swift punitive 
measures against President 
Marcos, including a demand 
for a cut in military aid. 

rcuuHsu.u 13 vu.iaiucime acuu- Newsweek magazine report- roa{is ^ n*vi*ir»P 

-was- s atwrAi? £ , a«! bssthtm 

m fll least mree mntflin omwmo mminimict rnmv>m«l at tka nrmnnii nuuppiuo svilliy iu _ tUIUW 

base near Manila 
Other options included re- 
structuring the Philippines 
Army more towards fighting 
a land-based guerrilla war, 
encouraging more army civic 
projects such as building 

^ contain growing communist concerned at the increasing m 

dud while m the ranks of m? ; c *. — «*i. ~r P^attr US responsibility for 

going for enough, while 
leaders in both the Israeli 

of one 

ged wo u. n. ™ " insurgency. Mr Reagan is strength of the communia STStaS rfStaa“3taS 

undcr P ressure 10 lake firm New People's Army, wants to Tta pSraeon 
~ — —r j **“ j action after suggestions by bolster the Philippines Army 

involvement in all but secun- « *w to gwnte forte senator Lugar and his team with two companies of mili- 

ty mailers. and her three children- D f observers that the election lary advisers Bul Congress 15 un,lke,y lo 

The idea woo.d be » I iK 


support Administration pro- 
Quoting unnamed Penta- poisals to increase US aid to 

prepare a basis for this kind ^ reflection rf popular will Senator Luga r . chairman of gon experts, Newsweek said the Philippines Army until 

SicS tee.warSked by Mr Reagan about 300 men. pn 

door to control by the junior positions in govern - 1 
Palestine Liberation Oigani- mem in tbe territories and 

send Mr Marcos undertakes sub- 
probabfy stantial military reform. 

zation (PLO). 

Nevertheiras, Mr Peres is 
understood to have asked his 
private caucus to work out 
details of such a plan. 

gradually promoting them 
into the decision-making 

From the Palestinian point 
of view, however, it is the 
Today is the first anniver- tight control by Israeli securi- 
sary of the agreement be- ty forces which is most 
tween King Husain and Mr resented. 

300 hurt 
in Delhi 
price riots 

Delhi (AFP) - At least 300 
people were injured yesterday 
when police with batons tried 
to disperse crowds demon- 
strating around Delhi as part 
of a 1 0 -hour general strike. 

About 300 people were 
charged with rioting and 
damag ing public property. 
More than 100 buses had 
windscreens smashed and 
tyres punctured. 

The strike was called by 
opposition parties in protest 
at recent rises in tbe cost of 
petroleum products and pub- 
lic transport feres. A spokes- 
man called it a complete 

He said h should be a 
warning to the Government 
before the 1986-87 budget is 
presented this month 

Ismail ‘killed in tank' 

Aden (Reuter) - South leadership delayed announc- 
Ycmen has announced that ing the death until a new 
the former President. Abdul- government was formed. 
Faiiah Ismail died at tbe The former Prime Minis- 
start of the bloody power ^ Mr Haider Abubaker al- 
stniggle between fedions of Attas, was appointed 
the mling pany last month, president on Saturday and a 

Aden radio said Preadcnt new govenimm t was formed 
Ismail died from burns when under Mr Yasseen baid 
flank he was in was hiL Nramra. a forme, DepnW 
Diplomatic sources said it Prime 12 

appeared the new Yemeni Robert F«k, page iz 

Spy swap 

From Frank Johnson 

It is believed that Mr 
Anatoly Shcharansky, tbe 
Jewish dissident held by the 
Soviet Union, will reach the 
West today, but it is still not 
known if be will walk to 
freedom across the Glienicke 

On the eve of the highly- 
publicized East-West prisoner 
swap, there seems little doubt 
that the 10 others involved in 
the exchange — five captured 
spies from East and West 
respectively — wfll be re- 
leased at the bridge. Their 
names are still unknown to 
the rest of the world. 

Yesterday, American offi- 
cials told the West Berlin 
police to order the caravans 
of waiting television crews 
and cars of news agency 
reporters, working in shifts, 
several yards back from 
where they bad been parked 
on the road leading to the 


This apparently high-hand- 
ed action was constitutional 
because the area is legally the 
USoccupauon zone.Reports 
circulated that Mr 
Shcharansky’s wife, Mrs 
Avital Shcharansky, had 
arrived in Bonn. 

Haiti gets 
used to 

From Trevor Fishlock 

Haiti began to get back to 
normal yesterday after the 
astonishing events of the 
previous week. Like people 
trying on new dothes. Hai- 
tians started to enjoy the 
feeling of freedom. 

Tbe shooting that had 
punctuated the previous days 
and nights in Port-au-Prince 
became much more sparse, 
although the Army fired on 
one of the few remaining 
Tontons Macoute houses in 
the capital to persuade the 
men inside that the game was 

The curfew imposed over 
the weekend to lower the 
temperature was shortened 
yesterday and began at 6 pm 
rather than 2 pm. 

The airport, which bad 
been dosed for several days, 

Haitians celebrating as soldiers rounded up members of 
the hated Tontons Macoute militia in Port-au-Prince. 

political situation is sensitive. 

In a message to Haitians, 
the Archbishop of Port-au- 
Prince, Mgr Francois 
Ligonde. said that the people 

a ere enjoying victory after 
years of ii 

injustice, anguish, 
torture and humiliation. 

The Archbishop reminded 

uuiada ’Boeing 747. which '«■!«> Ham three yrara ago. 

arrived to pief up stranded 

years ago, 
said something must change, 
and the Archbishop said that 

ore among many changes there 

There are noL.many tour- chr>Il]r1 ^ a ^noo 0 f heart 

■y should 

say "No" to hatred, ven- 
on a list of people most at e Klnceaml rc P r i !al *- and 

ists in Haiti. The political 
situation and the Aids scare ii? 01 ?!?-. S 'i 

— Haitians were at one time 

“Vftora JM315 » justice and fineness, 
the holiday business cons id- 9 Cabinet named: The five- 


There are no air services to 
the United States and these 
will probably not resume 
until the end of the week. 

man Council of Govemmem 
has three soldiers — General 
Henry Namphy, Colonel 
Max Valles, aged 46, Com- 
mander of the Presidential 

Haiti is reluctant to allow Guard, and Colonel William 
services from the US to Regala, aged 48. Inspector- 

resume immediately because General The civilians are Mr 
it does not want large Alix Cineas, aged 52. former 

numbers of Haitian exiles Minister for Public Works, 
arriving al a time when the and Mr Gerard Gourgue. 

aged 60. a veteran human 
rights worker. 

The Council of Govern- 
ment appointed a Cabinet of 
19. There are six secretaries 
of state: Lieutenant-Colonel 
Herard Abraham (Home), 
Major Georges Valrin (Infor- 
mation), Fritz Viala (Fi- 
nance), Mario Celestin 
(Commerce and Industry). 
Anthony St-Pierre (Educa- 
tion). Frantz Trouillol 
(Youth and Sport). Other 
ministers: Colonel Williams 
Regela (Home and Defence), 
Colonel Max Valles {Infor- 
mation). Gerard Gourgue 
(Justice), Jacques Francois 
(Foreign AftairsL Marcel Le- 
ger (Finance and Economy). 
Odonel Fenesor (Commerce 
and Industry). Thony 
Auguste (Social Affairs). Jac- 
ques Vilgrain (Planning), 
Rosny Desroches (Educa- 
tion). Pierre Petit (Public 
Works). Dr Simphar 
Bon temps (Public Health). 
Momaigu C-antave (Agricul- 
ture) and Alix Cineas (with- 
out portfolio). . 

Austria rocked by case of the fugitive abbot 

From Richard Bassett 

running his monastery into Rappold disappeared from Friday to deny in a telephone 
debts of more than £5 million, the abbey. call to Austrian radio that be 

The Cistercian Order has At a sermon delivered on had been responsible for such 


debt; an abbot WU *' 1 ^" U V£: n^dScttoes, they own con- tria. Dr Dominic NimmerroD, conference in the near future 

traced: another awm siderabk estates exceeding in explained that Dr R&sf®M as soon as an injured foot had 

publicly by tbe HlSfe.* for Kri. haled, 

ing his senate, jnwst ^nan state. They are also reasons’*. In a radio interview. Dr 

eqjoy tales trf n-noasibte for prodneing Dr RappofcPs adnumstra- NbamervoD explained that, 

trigue popularized m J^i^of the country's most tion bad resulted m the although the abbot had been 

selling novels rf >t r i >ra ted wine. Cistercian Order haring to officially asked to resign only 

fascinated by ju- ^naririfll problems at pay nearly £250,000 a year in late last week, the Vatican 

the Cistercian Abbey 01 baroque abbey which interest to its bankas. Dr had examined tbe case for 

in Styria. amtaies the 1 5th century Nimmerroll said. He did not three months and had recom- 

Austriafl police wy ^ Archduke Ernst “m expiain, however, how tbe mended Dr Rappold's resig- 

in last week to investigate tne „ while Dr sum had been lost nation at the end of January, 

financial affairs of « Paulis Rappoid was abbot. Altboogh Dr Rappold had Aostrian police win decide 

country's wealthiest t-iwar- weeks ago* as rumonrs been in constant contact over the next few weeks 

dan abbeys after us aooo vast fmanriwl during tbe last few weeks, he whether Dr Kappok! wfll face 

resigned anrid accnsara^ k began to cncnlate. Dr emerged only briefly last criminal charges. 

«baf re "** rcsnnnHbte *or 

R uncle apologizes to 
Indian churches 

By Michael Hamlyn 
The Archbishop of Canter- formed when the country's 

bury yesterday began a series 
of addresses in India by 

Anglican churches joined 

with some Nonconformist 


apologizing to the clergy of churches to create a unified 
Bombay for the Church of denomination, which was iu 

England's “rigid view of (act outside the Anglican 


Dr Robert Runcie said be 
hoped His visit would show 
where the true succession of 
the Anglican tradition lay — 
“within the wider unity of 
the church of North India 
and not in any so-called 
continuing Anglican group or 

The Church in India was 


Dr Runcie said he regretted 
that tbe united Indian 
churches had never been 
represented at the decennial 
Lambeth conferences because 
they were technically not in 
the Anglican Church. 
“ . . We sadly lacked the 
wisdom, experience and testi- 
mony of Christians from 

Pope tells 
priests not 

From Michael Hamlyn 

The Pope wound up his 
lO-day tour of India with a 
stern warning to his flock 
against involvement in “lib- 
eration theology". 

Though he did not men- 
tion the subject by name he 
gave a clear instruction to 
seminarists in the course of 
an open-air Mass in Pune not 
to dabble in secular politics. 

The liberation theologians 
believe that the Church has a 
role in bettering the condi- 
tions of its people by political 
action, in addition 10 the 
more usual religious activi- 

As a resuh priests in Latin 
America and other Third 
World countries have been 
active in leading industrial 
disputes, and political pro- 
tests of all sorts. Even in 
India, priests have been 
deeply involved in disputes 
affecting fishermen in the 
southern and heavily Chris- 
tian state of Kerala. 

He told students at a 
Roman Catholic seminary in 
Pune yesterday: “The 
Church's ministers arc not 
called to play leadership roles 
in the secular spheres of 

After telling the young men 
training to become priests 
that they were called to be 
spiritual leaders “dedicated 
to prayer and the word of 
God," he said: “India has 
many competent lay men and 
women to attend to these 

At the army-dominated 
town of Pune - which is how 
they spell Poona these days - 
the Pope’s meeting was 
attended by about 30.000 
people, close to the Aga Khan 
Palace, where Mahatma Gan- 
dhi was imprisoned by the 
British, and where his wife. 
Kasturba, died. 

Pune is also noted as the 
place where Bbagwan Shree 
Rajneesh set up his first 
ashram to preach hi$ gospel 
to well-heeled Westerners, It 
is also the place where 
Naiuram Godse. Mahatma 
Gandhi's assassin came from. 

Mr Godse's brother Gopal 
has been a leading light in the 
Hindu Mahasabha which was 
prominent in leading protests 
against the coming of the 
Pope. However, not only in 
Pune but elsewhere in the 
country loo. the 14-ciiy tour 
has passed off virtually with- 
out incident. 

put off 


Gdansk (Reuter) - The 
Solidarity leader. Mr Lech 
Walesa, will appear for trial 
on criminal slander charges 
here today but there is 
mounting speculation that 
the case may immediately be 
dropped or adjourned. West- 
ern diplomats said. 

Government officials have 
indicated that the authorities 
are anxious to avoid the 
embarrassment of a hearing 
lasting several days which 
could result in Mr Walesa 
being jailed for up 10 two 
years if convicted. 

The charges were brought 
after parliamentary elections 
last October when Mr Walesa 
issued voting estimates com- 
piled by his banned free trade 
union which were sharply 
lower than official figures. 
Election officials in several 
regions complained they had 
been defamed. 


















-air has 


for the 


n. near 

an hour 



hi down 

.-Si, 1 

-n cars 




av high 




if cage 


n was 


■pter on 




le cable 


Plea to arm 
cargo ships 

? cabin. 
1 across 
:h was 
r on a 
-T in a 
a risky 
g wind. 
i as de- 
■ which 
cue ht- 

Athens (UPI) — A Greek 
shipowner. Mr John 
Theodora kopoulos, says arm- 
ing merchant vessels' is the 
only way to counter growing 
attacks by pirates against 
international shipping. “The 
lives of our crews and the 
safety of our ships areal 
stake” he declared. 

Twenty-eight Greek ships 
were attacked by pirates in 
the first six months of last 
year. The latest victim was a 
Theodorakopoulos super- 
tanker, the Marianna, which 
was raided between Singa- 
pore and Borneo. 

•out 50 
by heli- 
d cable 
•* after 
ire than 
No one 

Murder city 

Mexico City (UPI) - 
Police reported 15 murders 
and 240 robberies in 
Mexico's capital in a single 
day over the weekend in 
what was described as a 
“marked increase in urban 

Air rivalry _ 

Wellington (Reuter) - A 
leading New Zealand tourism 
and transport operator, the 
Newmans Group, is carrying 
out studies on establishing a 
national airline to compete 
with the state-owned monop- 
oly, Air New Zealand. 

Exile’s award 

New York (Reuter) — The 
Soviet dissident, Mrs Yelena 
Bonner, accepted honorary 
degrees from Rutgers, Long 
Island and Pennsylvania uni- 
versities for her husband. Dr 
Andrei Sakharov, in internal 
exile in Gorky. 

Rock link-up 

Madrid — A further round i> 
of talks between British and^l 
Spanish officials on wider £>’ 
civilian use of Gibraltar- — 
airport, including prospects "~ 
for a direct link-up with-. 
Madrid, began here yester- 

Refugee aid j: a 

Rome (Reuter) — Ethiopi- ** 
an refugees in Somalia will hf 
?t emergency' food aid worth 
1 1.9 million (£7.9 million)!, 
from the World Food Pro- 
gramme, the Food and Agri--*™ - 
culturc Organization^ 
announced. More than" - 
800.000 will benefit. Ofl 

Lost chord f,c 

Moscow (Reuter) - Vandalsrici 
damaged a grand piano at the 
residence of the US Ambas-* 


sador in Moscow only hours-p,* 
before a Jewish “refusenik " 1 

sat down to give a concerLan 
One siring was cut. three bent 
and two others were untunecL'^r 
After repairs the concert went 

Boat blast 

Singapore (UPT) — Sixes 
Singaporeans died and two 
others were missing after a t'B 
boat Ihey were on exploded- 
at the Malaysian holiday 
island of Puiau Langkawi. 
Fourteen others on board 
swam to shore but eight of 
them were injured. 

Doctors quit 

Athens (AP) - More lh, 
6,000 doctors working for thi 
Greek social security service: 
started a five-day strike fo 
higher wages and bene: 
working conditions. Hun 
dreds of clinics were fo: 
to close. 

14-year stand , 

Jakarta (AFP) — A 34-year . , 
old man has remained stand- v 
ing on the doorstep of hi$ Vi 
house for more than 14 year£ 
since his mother's death, z 
newspaper reported here. H 
was punishing himself fo: 
being mean to his mother, 
villagers at Sikebul, No. 
Sumatra, said. 

Sharia stays _J 

Khartoum (AFP) 

Sudan's state security Acf^ 
introduced by former Presi *. 
dent Nimeiry will be repealed - 
after lhe trials of prominent-., 
figures of his regime, but ihc*^ 
controversial Islamic Sharis— 
law retained the attorney 
general said here. 




&<«.• '-T x '• 
1 V'??*V *\\ 

■■■■#?: A-jf 




I i ijp'Jyi D* I 


Uproar marks opening 
of Italy’s biggest 
trial of Mafia bosses 

From John Esrit 

The biggest trial ever 
staged against the Mafia 
opened yesterday in a special- 
ly-built maximum security 
court adjoining Palermo’s 
mam jail, amid protests from 
me accused and cries of “get ‘ 
. out to cameramen. 

After a few minutes, order 
was restored and the court 
proceeded to call the names 
of the 474 defendants, who 
nave to answer for 450 
crimes including 97 murders. 

One of the killings was that 
Carl ° Alberto 
VSJ!p J*J ucsa in September. 

The general was sent to 
Palermo as Prefect with a 
bncl 10 crush the Mafia, but 
be had little back-up from 

Other charges covered by 
i he 8.607 pages of indictment 
relate to inter-gang warfare 
over the past 10 years, which 
was won by the “family** of 
f'orlcone. south of Palermo. 
They were battling for con- 
trol of drug trafficking from 
the Far East via Sicily to 
North America. 

By way of illustrating the 
accusations of conspiracy, 
extortion and kidnapping, the 
indictment describes the use 
of Swiss banks for laundering 

Signor Giovanni Falcone, 
chief magistrate at the 
Palermo Mafia trial. 

dirty money and outlines the 
part allegedly played by the 
two Salvo cousins, Christian 
Democrat supporters who 
had the government conces- 
sion to gather taxes in much 
of Sicily. 

Of the 474 accused. 121 arc 
in hiding. Among those 
missing arc Signor Michele 
Greco, known as “The Pope” 
and allegedly head of the 
Mafia “commission” control- 
ling the Palermo province 
families: Signor Salvatore 
Riina of Corieonc. and their 
ally. Signor Nino Santapaola. 
described as boss of Catania. 

Those in jail include Signor 
Luciano Lcggio. the legend- 

ary boss of Coricone. Signor 
Tommaso Spadaro and Si- 
gnor Pippo Calo. who last 
Friday was given a six-year 
prison sentence for receiving 
stolen goods in a separate 
trial in Rome. 

Many of the alleged leaders 
of the “Cosa Nostra” — our 
thing, as it is called by the 
mafiosi themselves — started 
with cigarette smuggling, then 
adapted their organizations 
to drug trafficking. 

Much of the investigators' 
information has been con- 
firmed by the. confessions of 
former mafiosi such as Signor 
Tommaso Buscctia and Si- 
gnor Salvatore Contomo. 

Besides building the special 
octagonal courtroom, with 30 
separate cages for different 
groups of prisoners, the 
authorities have brought 
2.000 police to Palermo for 
extra security. Two reserve 
judges have been sworn in. 

Signor Bctlino Craxi. the 
Prime Minister, said in • a 
statement to mark the trial: 
“The Mafia has lost the 
challenge which it had 
launched against the top level 
of the state with terrible 
massacres and assassinations 
of illustrious and courageous 

Cape ‘necklace’ 
kills five blacks 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 
The charred bodies of five of Durban, three black police 

II »\* *** ■ '!"S ' s ' 


Corsicans have not experienced this kind of weather since 1957. The old port of Bastia is blanketed by the snow which 
has swept across Rome, central Italy and the Italian Riviera in the past two days. 

Chalker to open talks with Kampala regime 

From Charles Harrison 

Mrs Lynda Chalkcr.rhc 
newly -appointed Minister of 
State at the Foreign Office, 
with responsibility for Afri- 
can affairs, is to visit Kampa- 
la tomorrow to make official 
contact with President 

Mrs Chalkcr’s trip has been 
arranged at short notice and 
dearly results from an assess- 
ment of the situation after 
the January 25 takeover by 
Mr Museveni’s National Re- 
sistance Army (NRA). 

She will be accompanied 
by Major-General Anthony 
Pollard, who was appointed 

some months ago to head a 
British team to advise the 
Ugandans on military mat- 
ters. especially the training of 
a new army. 

Mrs Chalker yesterday met 
the heads of British missions 
from a number of African 
countries. She has also been 
meeting Kenyan leaders since 

arriving in Nairobi 
General Pollard's appoint- 
ment was made partly ai the 
suggestion of President Moi 
of Kenya, who chaired the 
lengthy peace talks between 
Mr Museveni's group and the 
former military council last 
year. President Moi made no 
secret of his anxiety to sec 
calm return to Uganda. 

Air cage 
used to 
47 skiers 

From Alan McGregor 

A new- system for rescuing 
skiers and tourists stranded 
in cable cars in mid-air has 
been successfully used for the 
first time at Grachen. near 

In little more than an hour 
47 people were brought down 
safely from a dozen cars 
stalled because of power 
failure along a cableway high 
above the mountainside. 

A large lightweight cage 
with one side open was 
lowered from a helicopter on 
to the cable above a stranded 
car and eased down the cable 
until it surrounded the cabin. 
The occupants stepped across 
into the cage, which was 
lifted away by the helicopter. 

Lowering a rescuer on a 
line from a helicopter to a 
stranded cabin’s door, a risky 
operation in a gusting wind, 
will no longer be necessary. 

The new system was de- 
vised by Air Zermatt whicb 
operates mountain rescue he- 

©INNSBRUCK: About 50 
skiers were rescued by heli- 
copter from a stalled cable 
car at Landeck in western 
Austria on Monday after 
being stranded for more than 
an hour (AP reports). No one 
was injured. 

men were found together 
yesterday in a black shanty 
township near Pori Elizabeth, 
according to a police report. 

The feel and hands of 
cachhad been bound with 
thin wire, and all had 
perished by the method 
known as “the necklace”, a 
t> re placed round the 
victim's body and set alight 

A police spokesman said it 
was the worst example of 
necklace executions carried 
out by self-styled “people's 
courts” in recent months. 

Local newspapers suggested 
the killings could have been 
connected with a bloody 
dash last Saturday in the 
same area between members 
of the black consciousness- 
oriented Azanian People's 
Organization (Azapo) and the 
United Democratic Front In 
the Umbumbulu region south 

were hacked to death on 
Sunday by a mob of 400 
Zulus after they tried to 
break up fighting between 
two rival clans allegedly 
caused by a dispute over land 
rights. At least six Zulus were 

Last weekend. Dr Nico 
Smith, a rebel Dutch Re- 
formed Church clergyman 
who now works among 
blacks, had to intervene to 
save a suspected police in- 
former from being cremated 
alive by angry mounters at 
the funeral of an unrest 
victim in the Mamelodi 
township, near Pretoria. 

In Aiieridgcvillc. another 
Pretoria township, the police 
are reported to have shot 
dead „a. .16-year-old black 
youth - last* Saturday when 
they dispersed- mourners at 
another fungraL. 

under fire 

Peking (Renter) — The 
Chinese press yesterday pub- 
lished a speech by President 
Li Xiannian airing the con- 
cerns of conservative Commu- 
nist Party officials that the 
country is becoming money- 
mad and mesmerized by 
Western ideas. 

lie (old 20,000 people 
lathered for China’s New 
iear Day in the Great Hall 
>f the People in Peking that 
xriitics and ideology must not 
te neglected in the midst of 
‘conumic development 
“We most strongly oppose 
he trend of placing the 
ndividoal and money above 
ill else, of worshipping for- 
eign things, of doing every- 
hing in a Westernized way 
ind of hedonism," he said. 

“We cannot allow people ro 
gnore politics for the sake of 
»usi ness and must not give 
ree rein to decadent capitaL 
st ideas.” 

President Li is believed by 
sme political observers to be 
riricai of some of the policies 
if the senior leader, Mr Deng 

He called for more political 
ind ideological education 
in aspect of life in Maoist 
'hina whicb has largely been 
Irnpped since Mr Deng's 
etum to power in 1979. 

Another senior party lead- 
r. Mr Chen You, raised the 
a me issues last September 
ihich many observers took to 
ignal differences between 
members of the leadership. 

UK troops 
by Lisbon 

From Martha de la Cal 

Disciplinary action has 
been taken against two Brit- 
ish soldiers involved in an 
incident with civilians in the 
Portuguese town of Abrantes 
on January 25. Three towns- 
people were injured, one ol 
whom is suing for damages. 

The delegate from 
Abrantes. Senhor Francisco 
Fernandes, complained in 
Parliament that violent hooli- 
ganism by British soldiers 
was becoming more and 
more frequent, fanning anii- 
Brilish sentiment. 

The two soldiers are pan of 
the Nato brigade stationed at 
the Santa Margarida camp. 
British military authorities 
have put Abrantes out of 
bounds to the regiment of 
Gordon Highlanders to 
which they belong. 

The British Embassy in 
Lisbon said reports that the 
townspeople were “savagely 
attacked by 34 British sol- 
diers contained several inac- 
curacies and much exagger- 

Thirty-four soldiers had 
been given leave to visit 
Abrantes. but only two .were 
involved in a scuffle with 
Portuguese. When the group 
tried to board a bus back to 
camp there were further 
clashes. The Portuguese po- 
lice had intervened but had 
brought no charges. 

Opposition says it can 
unite moderate Spain 

» the fortunes ol 
ruling Socialist Party 

■ and burdened with 
troversia! Nato refer- 
the right-wing Qppo- 

ias ended its national 
s bv offering itself as a 
tentative government. 

by Senor Manuel 
the Popular Alliance 
as claimed i! forms 
lispensable basis for 
all moderate Span- 

■ the right and centre 
Spain from another 

are of Socialist rule. 

Fraga. aged 63 and 
ited party leader, enfr- 
.arious attempts to 
> an anti-Socralisi 
i-om the centre ol 

political spectrum. 

ig the congress, he 
jd news front nis 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

native Galicia that a bid 
there by centrist forces to 
form a coalition government 
with the Socialists had failed. 
This has cleared the way for 
one of his principal lieuten- 
be re-elected Chief 

ants to 

To have lost power there 
would have upset Senor 
Fraga’s national strategy for 
the Spanish general electrons, 
which at the latest must be 
held by October. 

Herr Franz Josef Strauss, 
the Bavarian political leader, 
told the congress it was vital 
that Spain remain in Nato. 
The opposition party, howev- 
er — with 200,000 members, 
about 35,000 more than the 
Socialists — has recommend- 
ed that its supporters abstain 
in next month's Nato referen- 



series will be seen in 

The BBC Master Series is a continuation 
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• • 

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The BBC Master Series. 

The choice of experience: 

THtU\STT»l2a.iaikH(U2vj;.«.kKI»MUI , \tm \LTIMC CUlCk.'CM.hMUK.MhR. ^ ll'» SUM- T. KIHTUK WIITKRUIML 

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leak B>TE*i BBC -THE MUTTER Tl HBO. IATR ( Mk K (M C MO* PRuUTyMiH. HHUSIC. Hl-I HIT W1I PKINTER-FM FIT.K EXTEMiEK. "THE \1\KTEK *l_ \ n 1IIMI .»! Uli.uMil CTnK JJnln rKiH.KS>uk. iiJk R (M. II (Hhtt \HF ft OtTIM. him 

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Mulroney’s standing 
damaged by series 
of Cabinet blunders 


Only 17 months after 
winning the biggest electoral 
mandate in Canadian history, 
the Conservative Govern- 
ment of Mr Brian MuJroney 
is in deep trouble. This is 
despite the fact that, by any 
objective yardstick, it has not 
performed at all badly. 

A recently published Gal- 
lup poll showed that the 
Tories had slipped behind the 
Liberals, the main opposition 
party, in papular support. It 
indicated that 3S per cent of 
Canadians favoured the Lib- 
erals. 37 per cent the Tories 
and 24 per cent the left-wing 
New Democratic Party. 

Only eight months earlier 
the Tories had a 54 per cent 
popularity rating, more even 
than on election night. Sep- 
tember 4. 1984. when they 
captured 50 per cent of the 
vote in an overwhelming 
victory over the Liberals, 
who Had held power almost 
continuously since 1963. 

Another poll, by the Que- 
bec Institute of Public Opin- 
ion. was even more ominous 
for the Conservatives. It 
showed them trailing the 
Liberals in Quebec province 
by 54 per cent to 23 per cent. 
It is widely acknowledged 
that the Conservatives have 
to put down strong roots in 
predominantly French-speak- 

Frotn John Best, Ottawa 
ing Quebec to keep their hold 
on power nationally. 

Most of the other sine 
provinces sway back and 
forth, but Quebec has rarely 
voted anything but UberaL 
In the 1980 election the 
Conservatives got one seat in 
the province: the other 74 
went to the Liberals. 

Thus the Tories made a 

was locked in an archive): 
and the Minister of Justice, j 
Mr John Crosbie. for telling 
reporters that he would not 
hesitate to do the same thing. 

It has probably also been 
damaged by the rale of one of 
Canada's two largest aircraft 
makers, De Havilland of 
Toronto, to Boeing. The 
Liberals and the NDP Mr- 

huge breakthrough when, in cused the Government of 
1984. they won 58 seats, selling out Canadian interests 

against 17 for the Liberals. 
The latest poll results, 
though, suggest that this may 
have been a temporary phe- 

Quebec's disenchantment 
can be traced to Mr 
Mulroney's failure to recruit 
top-calibre people from the 

to a foreign company. 

However, the Government 
has given Canadians their 
money’s worth in many 
fields, including foreign af- 
fairs. health and welfare, 
Indian and northern affairs, 
transport, and energy and 
resources, pursuing sound. 

province for his Cabinet. Of suuna ' 

eight French-speaking Que- businesslike policies. 

becers in the administration. Unemployment is down — 

women as 

The year of the congresses: Part 1 

Gorbachov directs 
the new East wind 

only one or two are even 
mildly outstanding. 

Nationally, the Tories have 
been stumbling from one 
mini-crisis to another. Re- 
cently the Commons wit- 
nessed the spectacle of two 
senior ministers apologizing 
to fellow members: the Depu- 
ty Prime Minister. Mr Erik 
Nielsen, for electronic eaves- 
dropping on the Liberal 
caucus 20 years ago (as 
recounted in an oral-history 
memoi r whi ch be thought 

although still high at around 
10 per cent — and inflation is . 
under reasonable control. 

But the business communi- 
ty remains sceptical about the 
strength of the Government's 
professed determination to 
bring the huge budget deficit 
under control. 

It is also waiting to see 
whether Mr Mulroney will 
have the will, against mount- 
ing domestic opposition, to 
push through a free-trade 
deal with the US. 

dial on Sunday after a bomb 
scare cleared the cathedral of 
about 1.500 celebrants. 

Last August, the General 
Synod passed a canon by 
about 90 per cent allowing 
the ordination of women 
deacons. A group of 30 have 
lodged a petition against the 
canon but it cannot be heard 
by the appellate tribunal 
before Jane. 

Dr Patricia Brennan, presi- 
dent for the ordination of 
women, said Sunday was “a 
joyful day . . .but foe real day 
of history will come what 
women are ordained priests” 
According to Church 
sources, that will not occur in 
Australia for at least three 
years although there are 
already women priests in 
Anglican dioceses in Hong 
Kong, New Zealand, foe ■ 
A young Eritrean fighter standing by a Soviet tank which United States and ra naria. ! 
he now operates. It was captured by the Eritrean People's The Anglican Church in I 
Liberation Front recently in its 25-year straggle for Britain has not yet approved 
independence against the government in Addis Ababa, the ordination of women as 

T#nm. p*«e 13 deacons. 

deacons ^ *s. u S 

FroE »y Tsy,or sautes: sr&fi vsyt 

The Anglrcarf Church m ^Bulgaria and Poland hal'd Sofia has 

Melbourne has ordained their fivc-vearh congresses to BolgarU s ecowmieperfer- 
Australia’s first women dea- elea 

cons despite a constitutional d central committees and. Mtu^hlyfr^ 

challenge and a bomb scare \%arlrim their sails to a 

which disrupted foe ceremo- #i*w winds from Moscow. 

nv I* o/vrp D/i yrc 1 Fast about the wesieraustfian of 

Eight women were or- ‘Europe Correspondent, re- B»lfiari*n youth* ful some 
darned by Dr David Penman, nonftrt a three-part series, it bemusement aba at tbs fceaty- 
the Archbishop of Mel- ■JS ^ a lime 0 f considerable handed, sometimes wnfaa , 
bourne, at St Paul's Cafoe- campaign to Impose feteri- 

^ i Cnnj«, oA,r * hiimK Upneavat. . ,(1 ihidk <u the SOftlMA 

The Anglican Church in 
Melbourne has ordained 
Australia’s first women dea- 
cons despite a constitutional 
challenge and a bomb scare 
which disrupted the ceremo- 

Eight women were or- 
dained by Dr David Penman, 

This is the year of congresses 
in Eastern Europe. The Com- 
munist parties of Czechoslo- 
vakia, East Germany. 
Bulgaria raid Poland hold 
their Jive-yearly congresses to 
decide future policies, etea 
new central committees ana. 
this year, trim their satis to 
the hew winds from Moscow. 
.4s ROGER BO YES. East 
Europe Correspondent, re- 

A ' ' 



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it is, as foe Marxists like 
to say, no coincidence font 
foe first party congress of foe 
year Is to be held is foe 
Soviet Union this month. The 
Gorbachov political choreog- 
raphy will be closely studied 
by his neigh boars will it be 
an aggressive congress fnH of 
firebrand speeches or ostenta- 
tiously free of conflict? How 
much independence will be 
given to foe delegates? W0) 
Mr Gorbachov have it aQ his 
own way? 

For foe Soviet bloc, three 
dominant themes are already 
em ergin g : foe search for a 
new leadership generation, 
the shaping of ec o no mi c 
reform and foe broader ques- 
tion of talking to and motivat- 
ing foe people. Within weeks 
of foe Soviet congress, foe 
Czechoslovak Communists 
will hold their session on 
March 24 and this will be 
followed in April by foe East 
Germans and the Bulgarians 
and in June fay the Poles. 
Perhaps foe most d iffi c ult, 
and therefore the least con- 
clusive meetings, vriD be in 
Prague and Sofia. 

Czechoslovakia and Bul- 
garia. long regarded as the 
most loyal and co-operative of 
Soviet allies, have suddenly 
found themselves oat of step. 
In Fragile, the leadership of 
Mr Gnstav Hnsak, who was 
installed by Brezhnev, owes 
its existence to his doctrine of 
“limited sovereignly”. 

Since 1968 there have been 
minimal fhanyts in fog lead- 
ership, Mr Hosak has grown 

campaign to Impose Bulgari- 
an names on the 800,000 
Turkish minority. “Too much 
Balkans," comments an East 
European Gorbachov sympa- 
thizer about foe Zhivkov rule, 
rand too litfie Lenin.” 

Both Mr Hnsak and Mr 
Zhivkov are well too their 
seventies hot foe question b 
sot really one of age - Hm 
Erich Honecker in East 

Perhaps foe most di ffi cu lt . Mr Zhivkov: friends in 
and therefore the least con- Moscow pensioned off 
elusive meetings, wiD be in 

Prague and Sofia. G ermany is in foe same age 

Czechoslovakia and Bid- group — rather one of 
garia. long regarded as the political drift. Not surprising- 
most loyal and co-operative of ly, Soviet bloc ramous sug- 
Soriet allies, have saddenty gest that Mr Hnsak may step 
found themselves oat of step, down as party chief while 
In Prague, the leadership of remaining President aad that 
Mr Gnstav Hnsak, who was Mr Zhivkov will bring op 
installed by Brezhnev, owes younger men as a first phase 
its existence to his doctrine of before ius withdrawal, 
“limited sovereignty’ 7 . Both Hungary, which held 

Since 1968 there have been its congress last year, and the 
minimal changes in foe lead- Soviet Union offer possible 
ershlp, Mr Hnsak has grown precedents. Mr Janos Kadar 
old in power, and all tank of created a deputy party leader. 

reform scatters the Prague 
ideologues as comprehensive- 
ly as a shotgun aimed at 

In Bulgaria, Mr Todor 
Zhivkov has found his allies 
in Moscow pensioned off or 
pushed to dm fringes. He 
needs explainers in Moscow 
and is none. Load 

dram-tb rasping Hff i y * iini^ 
of fidelity are no longer 
enough. The Gorbachov gen- 
eration, say Western ana- 
lysts, thinks that 
Czechoslovakia has stagnated 
for too long and is nra by a 
party that has deteriorated 
accordingly. The pages that 
followed foe 1968 mvaskm 
meant replenishing party cad- 
res with mediocre administra- 
tors. Now these Comnmaist 
managers are at worst cor- 
rupt, at best inefficient. 


_ , 


Jasbir Singh 

By Caroline Moorehead 

Jasbir Singh is a Sikh 
preacher in his early thirties, 
married and foe father of one 
son. Until 1984 he lived in 
Dnhai and worked as a 
businessman. He is now in 
prison in northern India, held 
indefinitely and without trial, 
the victim of a series of legal 
misfortunes and false accusa- 

In the autumn of 1984 
Jasbir Singh, who is a 
nephew of foe late reiigioas 
leader of foe Sikhs, Sant 
JsrnaS Singh Bindramvak, 
came to England to help set 
up foe International Sikh 
Youth Federation, a predomi- 
nantly refigjous and charita- 
ble organization. Jasbir 
Singh fo not a man of politics, 
and is not known to have any 
finks at aO with political 
organizations in India. 

He returned to Dnhai via 
Pakistan, where he attended 
celebrations to mark the 
anniversary of foe birth of the * 
founder of foe Sikh reSpon. 
When, some months later, he 
wanted to return to Britain, 
be was refused entry at 

Faffing also to obtain 
permission to return to Du- 
bai, he found himself forcibly 
sent to India, where he was 
held In foe Red Fort, and 
tried on a number of charges 
concerning activities a pintf 
tite state, all of which were 
subsequent ly either 
or suspended indefinitely. No 
date has been set for any 
further hearings. 

In foe past year. Jasbir i 
Singh has been allowed 
extremely few visits from his I 
Cunffy. ] 

Jasbir Singh: a victim 
false accusations. 

; Mr Kandy Nemeth, who 

■ helps to run the Hungarian 
t party and would act as a 

caretaker in the event of his 

■ death. And Mr Gorbachov 
himself was effectively dm 
deputy to Konstantin 
Chernenko after losing in the 
straggle to succeed Ywi 

Two younger fast-lane Po- 
' fitbnro members, Mr Ogoyan 
Doynov and Mr Chndotor 
Aleksandrov, could play this 
kind of role in Bulgaria or 
step mto the shoes of Mr 
Grisha Fifipov, foe Prime 
Minister. In Prague, there 
are no obvious successors to 
Mr Hnsak. The only alterna- 
tive to paralysis is movement 
and this strikes fear in foe 
heart of the party. 

Tomorrow: Reform or 

Garter hits 
out over 

Managua (Renter) — For- 
mer US President Jimmy 
Carter criticized American 
policy on Nicaragua lore, 
saying that Washington had 
not folly explored possibili- 
ties for a peaceful resolution 
to their differences. 

“Our Government has not 
done enough to support the 
Conladora process,” Mr Car- 
ter said, referring to peace 
efforts by the four-nation 
group. Mr Carter said he 
opposed President Reagan's 
policy of financing rebels to 
overthrow the Sandinista 

_ “1 support fully the posi- 
tion of the Con tad ora group,” 
be said. The group, made up 
of Mexico. Colombia. Pana- 
ma and Venezuela, has advo- 
cated the demilitarization of 
foe region. 

“This effort should be 
exhausted first before seeking 
a military solution.” 

Mr Carter said that Ms 
Reagan's policies were gain- 
ing the support of US 
Democratic Party members 
because of the conflict be- 
tween the Sandinista Govern- 
ment and the Roman 
Catholic Church and the 
imposition of a state of 

Police siege 
found guilty 

Philadelphia (Reuter) - 
The only known adult to 
survive the police bombing 
of the Move radical group’s 
headquarters last May was 
convicted by a jury yesterday 
on charges of not and 

Ramona Africa, aged 30, 
was given $200,000 
(£132,000) bail and a psychi- 
atric report ordered. She was 
acquitted of aggravated as- 
sault, and resisting arrestShe 
will be sentenced on April 14. 

A police - helicopter 
dropped an explosive device 
on foe radical group’s base, 
luffing six ad uHs and five 
children in the ensuing fire. A 
goa battle had broken out 
When the police tried to evict 
the group from a fortified 
house in a black middle- class 

Is mi 



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> i 

Uganda’s cupboard of skeletons 

Years of violence have 
tom Uganda apart and 
left thousands dead. . . 
and the killing goes on. 
But can the disciplined 
former guerrillas of the 
National Resistance 
Army end the bloodshed? 

T hey looked like bundles of 
firewood at first, they were so 
neatly stacked. Then I saw the 
skulls. About 30 piled by the side 
of the road beside what I had taken for 
firewood: bundles of bones. 

It was as if they were awaiting 
collection lying there at the road junction 
at the village of Mukoraero, about SO 
miles from Kampala ou the Hoima 
Road. No one in the village spoke 
English or Swahili; they were either old 
men, women or children. They were very 
poor, dressed in rags. 

A few miles further, at Ramata, under 
a huge mango tree in the. middle of the 
village, lay another pile of more than SO 
skulls. Children were playing in the dust 
beside them, quite unconcerned. One of 
the villagers, Joseph Mayanja, said there 
were many more in a pit nearby. 
“Thousands and thousands'*, as he put iL 
“We keep them there to remember, what 
happened", be said. 

No one will ever know exactly what 
happened here or just how many died. 
This is the Luwerd triangle where, from 
1981 to 1984, Obote's army adopted a 
policy of genocide against the Baganda 
villagers. Few who know the area put the 
total at less than 200,000 dead. Some put 
it higher, taking into account those who 
were forced on to trucks and disappeared 
in army barracks or were massacred and 
dumped in the swamps, or those who 
fled into the bush and died of starvation. 

To leave the dead unburied breaks 
every taboo. To collect and stack the 
bones in the open shows the depth of 
trauma this peasant society has been 

The journey from Kampala to Masindi 
is like a cross-section of Uganda's agony 
over the past 20 years. It is not simply a 
horror story, though horror stories 
abound. The British works manager who 
lent me his Land-Rover told of one 
outside his own front door. When Tito 
Okello's troops realized they were beaten 
in Kampala on January 25, some of them 
turned on the political prisoners in 
Luzira prison and murdered them. They 
also butchered the women and children 
camped at the prison gates. Their 
mutilated bodies, about 100 in all, were 
thrown into a swamp near the Briton's 
house. One of the expatriates had taken 
pictures of them to sell to a British news- 

1 was told that the direct road to 
Masindi was still unsafe. Roving bands 
of Uganda National Liberation Army 
troops, soldiers of the former regime, 
were still marauding along it and a Land- 
Rover would have been a gift to them. So 
I took the road to Hoima and cut across. 

The tarmac runs out about 30 miles 
from Kampala. At one time the road to 
Hoima was well kept, with two lanes. It 
was made of raurrum — red gravelly 
earth, graded and rolled, on which one 
could keep up a steady 50m ph in good 
conditions. Now it could hardly be called 
a farm track and the Land-Rover bad to 
stay in second gear much of the way to 
negotiate the pot-holes and ruts. 

On each side of the track in the lush 
green vegetation are deserted huts and 

Swum Karat* 

Killing fields; NRA troops examine the corpse of a UNLA soldier 

villages. Roots have been ripped ofT and 
windows torn out. The plots surrounding 
them are overgrown. Many of the trading 
centres stand empty and broken.' At 
Kiboga, the largest centre on the way to 
Hoima, a large modem hospital lies 

In August after the coup which 
toppled Obote, people had started to drift 
back to their homes, but then the killings 
started again. Fighting broke out between 
the National Resistance Army and 
government troops; the latter blamed the 
villagers and tortured or killed them. The 
survivors were recruited into the NRA. 
One villager said: “Ail the young men are 
in the NRA or dead", 

One villager said: ‘All the 
young men are in the 
National Resistance Army 
or they are dead 1 

At Masindi, the NRA has set up its 
headquarters at the old district 
commissioner’s house which looks out 
on the rugby field. Fifteen years ago 7 
Masindi had a rugby side made up of ex- 
patriate teachers and aid workers, and 
the posts are still there. 

The Masindi Hotel has had no tourists 
for 10 years, no electricity for a year and 
no telephones for three years. It was 
looted in 1979, in 1984 when the town 
was briefly occupied by the NRA and the 

locals sacked it in the chaos, and in July 
last year by the Okello troops. 

The manager, however, insisted that I 
filled in the forms and paid $50 for a 
dark room with no water. He said he had 
been trained in France and was an expen 
on champagne. There is not much call 
for his knowledge in Masindi The town 
survives as a large village. Only a radio 
at the post office maintains contact with 
the outside world. It was an administra- 
tive centre but, since administration has 
collapsed, it serves no purpose. Most of 
the shops were deserted but there was 
said to be petrol at one station. The at- 
tendant could not be found. 

Mr David Trayefuza, commander of 
the NRA western brigade, is a gentle, 
confident young man who had studied 
law at Makerere and was a police cadet 
before joining the NRA. He was doing a 
tour of his front line positions and asked 
me to join him. 

It is difficult to remember that the 
NRA is. now the government army; its 
soldiers, men and women, still have the 
easy camaraderie of a guerrilla band. 

Mr Tinyefiiza — it is a civilian army 
and the officers hold no rank — is greeted 
with snappy salutes at his front Ime but 
chats easily with his men. Not all have 
uniforms, some are in tattered clothes 
and some are barefoot but they are 
extremely well drilled and disciplined. A 
western journalist with experience of 
many African troops described them as 
the best array in Africa. 

Last week he watched astounded as 
they advanced through a hail of machine- 
gun fire and an artillery barrage to attack 
the UNLA at Mbale. The officers stood 
screaming orders as the young fighters, 
some of them less than 10 years old, 
moved forward, one group giving 
covering fire as another crawled forward 
on their bellies, all singing their victory 
songs as they went. The professional 

British army-trained UNLA soldiers 
cracked and fled. 

Just north of Masindi the front line 
soldiers sat and waited, fanned out each 
side of the road at a dip in the track. 
They were clearly exhausted but 
crouched in the elephant grass, checking 
and rechecking their weapons. They had 
had skirmishes earlier in the day but the 
silence in the dose afternoon heat was 
broken only by bird calls. 

They knew they were heavily outnum- 
bered by the UNLA force further up the 
road which also had artillery and other 
heavy weapons. But Mr Tinyefiiza said 
he would attack as soon as he was ready. 
The NRA had already recruited four 

Not all the soldiers have 
uniforms and some are in 
tattered clothes, but they 
are extremely well drilled 

captured UNLA soldiers and put them 
into the front line. “Do you trust them?” 
I asked. The commander shrugged. “We 
know how to use them", he said. Had it 
been the other way round the men would 
have been dead. The UNLA does not 
take prisoners. 

Back at Masindi, 302 other prisoners 
were being kept at a tsetse fly control 
centre. Fifty were paraded for me and 
eight stepped forward to identify them- 
selves as Uganda National Rescue Front 

men. The UNRF was the west Nile 
guerrilla group, made up of the remnants 
of Idi Amin's army which was defeated 
in 1979. They had fled to Sudan and then 
tried to fight back by raiding across the 
border. They made up 700 of the 1,000 
troops in Masindi when the NRA 
captured it two weeks ago. 

In July they had been summoned by 
Tito Ofcdlo to come back to Uganda. 
Publicly it was said that they had been 
brought back by Okello in July, straight 
after the coup, and rearmed. This 
sugfi fts ts that the coup leaders overthrew 
Obote not to bring peace and reconcilia- 
tion as they claimed, but to bring back 
the former Amin soldiers and unite them 
with UNLA to defeat the NRA. The 
peace t alks in Nairobi between the NRA 
and the military council, which ended at 
Christmas, may have been no more than 
a sham to buy time to get the Amin sol- 
diers into position. 

Major Felix Moyima, the only cap- 
tured UNRF officer, would not speculate 
on this but he said: “At one time the 
UNRF and NRA used to fight side by 
side against Obote. What I don't 
understand is that something changed 
and we were brought back to face the 
NRA. It was our leaders who took the 
decision. I was told that if we tried to 
join the NRA they would kill us" 

A tall tough soldier from Madi, west 
Nile, Major Moyima was recruited into 
the Kings African Rifles iu 1960 and had 
been a professional soldier, until 1979. 
Now he said be just wanted peace and an 
agreement with the NRA so he had 
surrendered to it. The NRA said it 
trusted him and bad put him up at its ex- 
pense at the hotel He was free to go 
home or join them, it said. 

Significantly, four of the six UNLA 
officers captured were from the west 
They had nowhere to run to so they had 
thrown themselves on the mercy of the 
NRA. They, too, were being houSfed in 
the hotel even though the NRA might see 
them as double traitors, since it is 
primarily made up of westerners. 

ne of them, Augustine 
Kamanyire, a young lieutenant, 
said he' had simply served the 
country by being m the army. 
“We were just trying to protect people", 
he said dejectedly when I asked him 
about the bones in the villages. 
“Discipline had completely disintegrated 
in the UNLA." You have the impression 
the UNLA -committed atrocities? “Yes, 
they happened, but a junior officer could 
say nothing to the soldiers. Especially if 
you are from the west and you criticized 
them, they said you were an NRA 
supporter. If I compihined to the senior 
officers they did nothing. They supported 
their soldiers in what they did." 

In Masindi that night there was a 
disco, the first one in living memory. 
The youth of the town turned out but 
danced in an inhibited, restrained way as 
if they were out of practice. Their 
happiness, nevertheless, was palpable. In 
a dark open-air courtyard under a 
brilliant night sky they swayed to Bronski 
Beat and the Thompson Twins. 

Among the dancers were young NRA 
fighters, their guns strapped to their 
backs, many dancing together. They 
made no attempt to move in on the local 
girls and there was no bar so no one got 
drunk. I remember a similar dance in 
1971 soon after Amin took over. The or- 
ganizers had ejected a drunken army 
major who was causing trouble. Within 
minutes he had returned with his men 
and started shooting. The dance hall had 
emptied. - Ever after, the arrival of 
soldiers at a dance marked its end. What 
a different army this is. 

Richard Dowden 



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Simply better'personal finance. 

Starting a transatlantic cut-price airline was a bumpy flight for the founder 

Flying with a wing and a prayer 

Randolph Fields, the Ameri- 
can-bom founder of High- 
land Express. Britain's latest 
cut-price transatlantic airline, 
can trace his fascination with 
flying precisely to when he 
was nine and newly-arrived 
in England from California. 

He was in Cambridge with 
his mother, a philosophy 
post-graduate, and wanted to 
fly back to be with his father 
in Los Angeles. 

Highland Express, the 
launch of which was an- 
nounced yesterday, starts op- 
erations m June after three 
years' planning ft is only one 
of several airlines he has tried 
launchingBut it was thoughts 
of the young “rucksack" 
market that led him to the 
Virgin Entertainment group 
and its enterprising founder. 
Richard Branson, who invest- 
ed £1 million. Vii-gjn-Adamic 
took off in June 1984 with 
Fields aboard as chairman. 

It proved a bumpy ride, 
however. There were board- 
room battles. his 
shareholding was beaten 
down from 50 to 25 per cent, 
and Branson took over. 

Ironically, he is helping 
launch Highland Express 
with the pay-off. exactly 
£1.730.512. He denies that he 
is now going to take on his 
former colleagues, but he will 
still • undercut Virgin 
Atlantic's prices. His top 
price, for a single economy 
ticket during summer week- 
ends. will be £169. Virgin 
charges £189. 

Fields is 33. rather round 
and boyish, and disarmingly 
droll when it suits him. 

Hippy friends from the 
1960s would not recognize 
.him. At 13 he was a flower 
*.hild in a commune in the 
Ball's Pond Road. Hackney. 

Wuhou qualifications, he 
seems lu have talked his way 
into University College. Lon- 
don. where he studied philos- 
ophy. followed by law at the 
Polytechnic of Central Lon- 


don: a legal problem with his 
■flat got him interested. A 
barrister by 1980. he then 
established a profitable prac- 
tice between London and Los 
Angeles in commercial insur- 
ance litigation. 

Field really started in the 
airline business after the 
collapse of Laker, as a 
disgruntled consumer who 
thought he could do better. 

After six months with 
Virgin, he returned to a cool 
reception at his law practice. 
His associates left, taking 
diems with them. 

He has since rebuilt his 
business acting for American 
Railroads. Yet henceforth 
everything takes second place 
to running Highland Express, 
his own show at last. 

Bui without Branson's 
money it has been a struggle. 
A year ago the CAA praised 
his scheme, then turned him 
down on financial grounds. 
At his CAA financial hearing 
on January 30. he pul up £4 
million from his own pocket, 
small investors and various 


. 3 

take-off: Randolph Fields, man 

the donds 

A natural 
for food 

Down in Ambridge. radio home 
of Britain's most famous farming 
family. Tony Archer has har- 
vested his first crop of organicai- . 
ly-growu carrots. No doubt his - 
progress is being closely watched . 
by a fellow farmer, the' Prince ol - 
Wales, who has expressed a. 
keen interest in chemical-free 

The fertilizer suid pesticides 
which have become an accepted . 
pan of modem fanning are.' 1 
frowned upon by the organic ' 
movement, which prefers manure 
and other natural methods. 
Crops are rotated to get maxi- 
mum benefit from the soil: 
animals and chickens are al- 
lowed a freedom which their 
battery-bred cousins would envy, 
and are usually fed on a home- 
produced diet. 

Years ago the organic farmer 
would have been regarded as a- 
hannless eccentric. Today the 
eating revolution he has created 
is changing the face of the high ' 

The chairman of British Or- 
ganic Farmers, Mr Patrick 
Holden, says: “Farming is in a 
state of crisis. Farmers have 
worked to a goal of producing as 
much food as possible without 
consideration for the squander- 
ing of natural resources. 

“In the last year the public 
has become more demanding and 
concerned with quality." 

Despite its growth in popalari-' 
ty. organic produce still accounts 
for less than half of one per cent 
of national output and is not 
expected to reach the 20 per cent 
mark for anorfaer 10 jears. So 
with demand heavily exceeding 
supply, natural food producers 
can ask high prices. 

The cause is being promoted 
by a number of specialist 
organizations including the Soil 
Association, the 1, 000-member 
British. Organic Farmers and its 
sister organization, the Organic 
Growers Association. The latter 
two harness the latest technology 
and marketing methods to give a 
oommerical edge to what hare; 
previously been seen as well- 
meaning amateurs. 

The movement is symbolized 
by the circular symbol of the 
Soil .Association, either in a shop 
window, a farm shop door, or on, 
the packaging of jams or cereals. 

The logo appears on David 
and Janet Mullen's shop in 
Holloway Road, north London, 
and is the only indication from 
outside that the shop is any 
different from the conventional 
butcher a few doors down. But 
the Mullens run one of just a 
handful of organic butchers in 

They started it with their 
savings three years ago: other 
traders gave them six months, 
but turnover has risen by 700 
per cent. 

“I spent 30 years as a 
traditional batcher", said Mr 
Mullen. “And I became increas- 
ingly fed up with the quality of 
meat 1 had to serve. I don't care 
for some of the ways onr cattle 
and chickens are so intensively 
reared and kept. 

“When I cut np this carcass of 
beef you can see the natural 
brightness of the meat and fat. 
Look at the texture too: it cuts 
like a dream. It also tastes 
totally different because the 
animal has been humanely 
slaughtered- A frightened animal 
sends natural hormones racing 
through its body and this results 
in tougher meat.” 

The shopper probably won't 
find organ chicken or steak in 
the supermarket yet. but may be 
able to buy vegetables. 

• Soil Association, British 
Organic Farmers and Organic 
Growers Associationare all 
at 86/88 Colston Street Bristol. 
<0272 299666). 

Suzanne Greaves 

Scottish grants, but at the last 
hour had to raise an extra £l 
million in the City. 

The job in prospect is no 
easier. Highland Express will 
be the first transatlantic 
service from British regional 
airports for some years. 
British Airways could not 
make it work. Laker went 
bust. Fields is putting his 
faith in low fares: a smalL 
diligent work force of about 
200; a second-hand but 
refurbished Boeing 747 cost- 
ing only $19 million: and 
regional airports whose 
cheaper operating costs can 
knock £20 off a ticket. 

He has probably saved the 
ailing Prestwick from closure. 
For Highland Express to 
succeed, he needs in return 
the loyally of passengers from 
Scotland and the Midlands - 
os much as half the demand 
in Birmingham. 

If he fails, he laughs, he 
will seek consolation in sitk- 
sercemng or join the police 

Michael Wattp 



1 Levd ( 6 ) 

S Arrive (41 

8 likeness t5) 

9 Stalled 17) 

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IS Cluster ( 1 3> 

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22 Type (51 

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34 Teeny 

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* :» 

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•fSfci-V . .. 


'■ • . 

FASHION by Suzy Menkes 

That was the week t hat was in London: new shops, new faces, new ideas 

V ictor- Edeistein has 
arrived. He showed a 
young and sophisticat- 
ed collection, cut with a light 
hand and bean. Tender 
draping.-diacreet embroidery, 
witty bow trims and some 
very good cutting all softened 
a line that was uncompromis- 
ingly slim. This was modem 
■ couture in the way that it is 
being, shown in Paris. It 
should give Edeistein a bright 
fashion -future under his own 
- name and . in the ready-to- 
wear collection he is design- 
ing for -Norman Hartnell 
from nest season. 

The chic audience, seated 
in the rococo gilded salon in 
the- Cafe Royal . last week, 
included the young . upper 
Scrtist who are Edelstein’s 
clientele. Lady Sarah Arm- 
sirong-Jones^ in shell pink 
lipgloss and gilet, long navy 
coat and flat boxer boots, sat 
beside her father. Lord Snow- 
don (in tweed jacket and 
brown brogues). Also in the 
audience were the dark- 
haired Countess of Snowdon, 
and Lady Solti taking her 
teenage daughter to her first 
fashion show. 

- A riding coat, waisled and 
with a swirl of fabric over a 
slim , knee-length skin, was: 
the .strongest day-time line. 
Waists were defined with 
contrast panels of fabric, with 
niching or insets on perky 
spotted silk dresses or col- 
umns of crepe slithering from 
wide shoulder-line. 

Edeistein shines at night, 
but not with the glitter and 
decoration so often used to 
cover lack of technical skill 
Swaddling bands of draped 
chiffon, in aqua blue, saffron 
yellow or discreet navy, 
received loud applause from 
an audience that understands 
what it pays for. Slim 
strapless. evening dresses, in., 
rich cardinal red or deep 
fuchsia, had three inset pan-, 
els at ' the bade so that the 
skin flared into a mermaid's 
tail of fabric. . 

These grown-up chesses, 
designed on the curve but 
never to cling, seem tailor- 
made for Edelsiein’s most 
glamorous model the Prin- 
* cess of Wales, and the 
audience looked expectantly 
for a royal appearance; Bin 
the fashion Princess, who has 
already, set a trend by mbving - 
frorp offcthe-peg tjrxoutuitf _ 
dressing, had slippocFimoihe 
cafe Royal earner the 4 ; 
dress rehearsal of the snow. 

Ctins Edwtck 

ik/ " ~ 


Tv x 


' tV ' 

r J 

Victor. Edeistein iodises bn the -waist with shapely, priuted sflk 6esr^ ind iBidriff 
paneL, worn with traditimtal coutHre accessories of gloves and low-crowned straw hat 


k; S E3 

■[; #A creamy collar, 
y.. fresh in piques 
.’■? whipped into a 
-V flurry of pleats and off 
the shoulders, was 
the strongest story in 
BelMlte Sassoon's 
spring collection. All 
ages, from jmiior 
Staaaes with pink- 
and-white faces to 
crumbties, were in 
the audience. The 
dothes reflected 
this broad span. 
Newest were the 
shapely suits with 
short skirts ( M He 
wants os to show our 
legs”, said a 
doubtful dowager). 
White damask 
jackets teamed with 
navy taffeta a la 
Cbanel (left) looked 
good and so did 
sarong wrap skirts in 
chintz. Safer were 
linen suits in the.. . 
inevitable pink and: 
turquoise. An exotic 
Ballet Rnsse print, 
black with white, and 
graceful pleating 
gave an international 
tondi to very ■ - 
English style. 

Ye olde American 
in London 

Ralph Lauren, the American designer 
whose inspiration comes from the best 
of old England, is buying up our stalely 
shops. The old Savory and Moore 
pharmacy in Bond Street, lovingly 
restored by Lauren into ' its old 
mahogany glory, is proving to be a base 
for colonization. Ralph Lauren has now 
bought the next-door building which 
.will be knocked through and used to 
bouse an extended range of women's 
wear, the Polo menswear and, ultimate- 
ly, children's clothes and the covetable 
home ftimishrngs. The enlarged shop 
will open after reftirbishraents at the 
end of this year. 

Across the water, the bastion of all 
that is British — Thomas Cook at the 
Madeleine in Paris - has also fallen to 
Ralph Lauren. A major face-lift for the 
one-time home of the Baedeker and 
British Railways is being restored and 
refilled as Lauren's European show- 
place. The Ralph Lauren shop, on two 
floors with a showroom above, is 
scheduled to open during the French 
fashion week in March. 

A more traditonai New York empire 
is building in Britain this year. Tiffany, 
the jeweller of Fifth Avenue, will be 
opened in June by Audrey Hepburn 
(who else?). A midsummer ball will be 
followed by breakfast at Tiffany's (what 

Nick Boggs 


' . : •' 

■ •. ■- ' ' 

■r — • - 

•Next week, Japanese feshibn • gains a new 

sandal-hold in Undoi^Desigiier 

(above), who started a feshion reyoluton m shape 

• ,„ nm , f IVP years ago, will open her own 
and texture live , 

£Sm&B£SS 3 

SScfSBJi/ "O stro,,E “ lours 

braking through the .^orn^ ^ designn;t0 

mamoto from month- 

. ;«*• > . 

• 4 ; 

• ■■ 

■ ’ v. . I 

A Gne-trp of brighlly be- 
wigged Tina Turner clones 
paraded the new Joseph 
Tricot collection.. We have yet ; 
to see these add bright mini- 
skirts and Day-glo wigs in; 
“Joseph's Village” but his, 
corner at the end of London's j 
Fulham Road is already | 
startling the Sloanes. Two 
new shops and a chic' cafe 
have opened in the last 

Joe's Cafe at 126 Draycott 
A venae oflers cappndno and 
a croissant from the shiny 
mirrored bar. 

Poor la Maison at number | 
124 se&s sleek b lack or grey 
accessories and furnishings, 
with Mack and white polka 
dots on silk house robes. 

v./' * .t, * 

' * # *' 'T * 

-k' -V 

V .. V 7 •;< A ^. 4 . N 

• , ; ' 

The Tina Turner mint- 
skirts and cropped sweaters 
(pictured left) win be filling 
the shiny chrome rails of 
Joseph Tricot at number 130. 
Handknhted cotton sweaters 
and cardigans from £200 
bang with the prestige buy of 
the season: a cberab-pat- 
teraed sweater for £1,000. 

Rebecca Tyrrel 

Fur Rooms. First Floor Personal Sho ^±u. y . 
Ask for written details. 


London SWK 7XL0W30 12M 


i Footnote 
; on Benn 

If Mrs Thatcher is losing sleep 
oyer the forthcoming memoirs of 
Jim Prior (Diary yesterday), so 
indeed will . Tony Benn over 
another forthcoming publication. 
Although he might not know it, 
his old spaning partner Michael 
Fool has included a vitriolic 
chapter about him in a book out 
next month, Loyalists and 
Loners. Allow me to bring him a 
taster from a sneak look at the 
book: as leader of the opposition. 
Fool says, he urged Benn in “one 
of our talks in my shadow 
cabinet office" to help Labour’s 
national executive and the partv 
at huge. Foot asked Benn to “call 
cfT the pre-executive caucus 
meetings or at least to mitigate 
their operation, to stop the rigid 
pre-arranged votes which prohib- 
ited real discussion". Foot told 
Benn it would “give us a renewed 
chance to let the executive 
perform its proper function: to 
prepare to fight the Tory enemy". 
In response. Foot claims. Benn 
“shook his head as if to deny that 
any such effective caucus existed 
and when I persisted with the 
charge he persisted with the 
denial. So I called him a liar and 
he got up and left.” 

Robert Fisk on the conflicts bom of Aden’s perverted Ma rxism 


' Two cartoons pasted to a Tory 
• whip's office wall neatly illustrate 
. the government's problems with 
its increasingly recalcitrant lobby 
. ■ fodder, (n the first, the chief whip 
; appeals to an MP: “Be reason- 
; able. man. Where would we be if 
! . everybody had to go to their 
; wife’s funeral?" In the second, 
the whip, now on his knees, is 
told by the MP: ‘Terribly sorry, 

■ old chap. I can't stay. Got a very 
’ important dinner party to go to." 


Two twos are ten, two tens are 


Over the past week, mass graves 
have been uncovered in Aden 
which the Yemeni government 
would rather not talk about. 
There have been no guided visits 
for foreign correspondents to the 
scene of the massacres, nor has 
any mention of them appeared in 
October Fourteenth, the Yemeni 
socialist party’s organ of Marxist 

The people of Aden are not 
encouraged to talk about them in 
the way that they are when, for 
instance, evidence comes to light 
of the atrocities of the ousted 
president. Ali Nasser Mohamed. 
But they can hardly be unaware 
of the truth. 

At the end of lost week, for 
example, a truckload of bloated 
corpses was driven past the 
damaged naval barracks on 
Steamer Point. The driver was 
clasping a handkerchief to his 
face; arms and legs hung over the 
lony's tail-board: pedestrians 
turned away in horror. 

A few hours later, someone 
discovered an arm protruding 
from the ground in a parking lot 
in the Malla district of Aden. 


; Missing link 

Unhappy news awaits the Arch- 
*" bishop of Canterbury when he 
'returns from his trip to India. 
< His first school in Coronation 
I Road. Crosby, Liverpool, has 
> • been dosed on “rationalization" 
grounds and the local education 
' ‘ authority is offering the red-brick 
. building for sale. “Dr Runcie will 
;?be very sad," a Lambeth Palace 
spokesman told me. “He much 

enjoyed meeting his old teacher 

” ^ when he went back a couple of 
X years ago — although reports that 
; . she spanked him were rather 
■ exaggerated." 

:• Palace of variety 

As if the Royal Albert Hall has 

- noi been through enough re- 
cently. Tomorrow the Westland 

.. board rents it again to confront 
.. the usual teeming mass of 
» shareholders (or at least Alan 
..Bristow). And on Friday week 
Belgian director Jan ’ Fabre 
presents / he Power of Theatrical 
'■ Madness — a controversial piece 

- that first wowed them at the 1CA 
“ in the MalL The four-and-a-half- 
’ hour show involves smashing 

crockery, a simulated massacre of 
frogs, and four naked men 
. picking up four fully clothed 
/women and dropping them 30 

- times. What would Victoria have 
’ made of it? 

Cross purposes 

\ 3 The Oxford Union notches up 
* another coup this Saturday when 
L- it welcomes the Spanish' prime 
; minister. Felipe Gonzales. There 
. . . are two small problems: Gonzales 
; . scarcely speaks a word of English 
■ and no one knows what he 
; . intends to speak about. 

! I Lenin’s way 

! Channel tunnel champions have 
an unlikely ally in Lenin. Alan 
~ Brien. who is ploughing through 
; j Lenin’s works for his fonheom- 
’ ing book Lenin The Novel, 

; ’ stumbled upon an article of 1913 
in which Lenin says, talking of 
, Britain and France: "...Yet the 
•_ richest and most civilized and 
!free-est stales in the world are 
/.now. with fear and trembling, 
discussing, not by any means for 
the first time, the difficult 

. question: is it possible to build a 
tunnel under the English 
, channel?" He goes on to say the 
engineers can do it; the money is 
'there: there are no doubts about 
- profitability. “What is holding up 
the affair, then? Is England afraid 
of.Jnvasion?" Long before the 
days of Sealink, he also says: “A 
number of capitalists who stand 
; to lose good business by the 
j building of the tunnel are doing 
their very best to thwart this plan 
' and hold up technical progress... 
■The Englishmen's fear of the 
tunnel is fear of 
themsclves-.capitalist barbarism 
is stronger than civilization." 


Residents began digging and 
found seven bodies, all appar- 
ently shot in the head. Then a 
smell guided people to a garbage 
tip a few hundred yards away, 
where they uncovered another 33 
bodies. Party officials quickly 
arrived to dear the area. 

The few diplomats who stayed 
on in Aden during Last month's 
carnage already had a grim idea 
of what would be found. Up to 
3,000 people — most of them 
militiamen or party officials - 
had been killed, it was said. Yet 
the hospitals received only 400 
wounded: the first time in recent 
Middle East conflicts that the 
dead have outnumbered the 

For the truth is that the new 
Marxist regime has ruthlessly 
liquidated its party opponents, 
every bit as systematically as Ali 
Nasser Mohamed tried to purge 
his enemies on January 13. 

Official guides are happy 
enough to take journalists to the 
lip of Aden's volcanic crater high 
above the Red Sea to show them 
the grisly remains of Ah' Nasser's 
slaughtered opponents. But they 
quickly silenced a party militia- 
men up in the town of Lawdar 
when he tried to tell about other 
acts of butchery. “When Ali 
Nasser’s people had failed, our 
armed elements killed them 
when we found them,” he 
managed to say, before being told 
to shut his mouth. 

An Aden resident said, with a 
fearful sort of respect "We all 
know the truth. But it’s too early 
to look aL" 

When at last the images 
become clear, albeit through the 
refracted vision of South 
Yemen's own tired definition of 
“scientific socialism", a familiar 

E icture will emerge. For the 
utchery of the past four weeks 
within this people's democratic 
republic has provided yet another 
deeply depressing example of the 
failure of an Arab state to 
organize itself into a just and 
humane nation in the post- 
colonial world. 

Publicly, we are supposed to 
believe that the regime of Ali 
Nasser Mohamed was over- 
thrown because of ideological 
imperfections, as exposed at 
October’s third congress of the 
Yemeni socialist party. In reality, 
the reasons were more prosaic. 
The party hierarchy around Ali 
Nasser had begun to fit them- 
selves up with the accoutrements 
of power chauffeur-driven cars, 
free importation of foreign lux- 
uries, tax-free salaries, and body- 
guards more loyal to tribe than to 

To some extent even Ali 
Nasser's opponents — in particu- 

Why an Arab 
devours itself 

lar Abdul Fatah Ismail — shared 
in the good life, settling into the 
spacious old wooden homes of 
British army officers. 

Ali Nasser enjoyed the privacy 
of the former British military 
mess above Steamer Point. In his 
kitchen there were the finest wine 
glasses; he played table tennis in 
the conservatory overlooking 
Ram bo beach between bouts of 
chewing qat, the mint-like Ye- 
meni plant that is used to 
stimulate the energy in the 
stifling heat of the Red Sea. 

Ali Nasser's home, when we 
saw it last week, was equipped 
with an odd array of 
unproletarian goods: fake Louis 
XVI furniture, American-made 
telephones and cassette tapes of 
Tchaikovsky symphonies. 

Yet Ismail's own residence was 
one of the gracious villas built for 
Royal Navy officers on a tree- 
fringed peninsula above die 
harbour. His driveway was Ain 
littered last week with the gutted 
wreckage of modem limousines: 
in his garden were burned wicker 
sofas among foe bougainvillea. 
Up here, talk of foe party’s 
“correctional movement", of 
Marxist sacrifice and loyalty, had 
a quality all its own. 

Within this elite setting, some 
of foe conflicts that surfaced 
during the guerrilla war against 
foe British in the 1960s began to 
re-emerge: arguments not about 
freedom but about uniformity 
and about South Yemen's role 
within the Arab world. Ali 
Nasser, for example, gained 

greater personal support from foe 
Soviet Union because he acted as 
a messenger between Moscow 
and Oman, between the Russians 
and foe Saudis. 

The Russians realized that he 
relied upon the tribes of his own 
province of Abyan for protection, 
while his former colleagues in the 
independence movement — men 
such as Saleh Muslih Qassim, the 
defence minister murdered last 
month, and Salem Saleh 
Mohamed, the politburo member 
likely to become the new dic- 
tator — found themselves increas- 
ingly excluded from the 
privileges and foe prestige of 
political power. 

They resented Ali Nassef's 
flirtation with foe leaders of pro- 
Moscow Palestinian guerrilla 
movements — which is one rear 
son why they turned down Soviet 
attempts to mediate in the civil 
war, efforts which were in feet 
prompted by Palestinians rather 
than by foe Russians. 

Their hatreds were locked into 
foe sterile grammar of doctrinaire 
Marxist thought, itself perverted 
by the artificial way it has been 
grafted on to a tribal, Islamic 
nation. The Yemenis are a 
vibrant, intelligent people, ul- 
timately uninfluenced by foe 
rhetoric of those who rule them; 
and their leaders are cut off from 
their own people. 

This is perhaps why the 
civilian population was compar- 
atively untouched by last 
month's bloodshed. Again and 
ag ain, it transpires, militiamen 

Abdul Fatah Ismail? politburo 
nun, officially declared dead 

Ali Nasser Mohannaed: a presi- 
dent becomes *the great trafror’ 

San Jose, Costa Rica 
As they have done every four 
years for the last century, Costa 
Ricans have just been to the polls 
to elect a new government 
Although the presidential contest 
was close and hard fought, the 
election was scrupulously honest 
and free of fraud. 

Its long history of democraclic 
elections is only one tradition 
which sets Costa Rica apart from 
its Central American neighbours. 
In 1949 it abolished the army 
and in this decade has declared a 
policy of unarmed neutrality in 
external conflicts. 

While its neighbours have 
spent millions to build up their 
armed forces and have shattered 
their political institutions and 
social fabric through civil wars 
and military coups, Costa Rica 
has quietly constructed an im- 
pressive. stable welfare state. It 
has the highest standard of living 
and largest middle class in the 
region. Health care and education 
are free, paved roads reach into 
mosi areas and many rural 
households have running water, 
electricity, and even telephones. 

Political refugees from trouble 
spots in the Americas have found 
a haven in Costa Rica. In the ear- 
ly 1950s a band of US Quakers, 
opposed to their coun-try’s in- 
volvement in foe Korean war, 
established a still-flourishing 
community on a high Costa 
Rican mountain peak. Today 
most of the political exiles come 
from Nicaragua, frequently buy- 
ing homes in San Jose's most 
exclusive neighbourhoods. 

Until recently Costa Ricans 
took their way of life for granted. 
They smugly considered them- 
selves aloof from foe rest of the 
isthmus. But over the last four 
years. President Luis Alberto 
Monge has dealt with the 
country’s economic crisis by 
accepting $600 million in US 
economic aid in return for an 
increasingly pro-US position in 
regional and domestic issues. 

As a result many Costa Ricans 
now sense that their country is 
slipping from its traditional 
moorings and being pulled into 

Will the man of 
peace triumph over 
Reagan’s war? 

regional conflicts and gradual 
militarization. The evidence in- 
cludes clandestine operations by 
armed Nicaraguan contras, US 
military aid and training for the 
police and the civilian militia, 
and a daily barrage of anti- 
Sandinista stories in foe local 

For the first time in Costa 
Rita's history, peace was the 
main issue m the presidential 
cont est. Dr Oscar Arias won 
because he vigorously declared 
himself to be foe “peace" 

The divisions between Costa 
Rican public opinion and US 
strategy are clearly drawn. Ac- 
cording to iniblic opinion analyst 
Victor Ramirez, the polls consis- 
tently show that while Costa 
Ricans are overwhelmingly anti- 
communist and anti-Sandmista, 
more than 80 per cent support 
the policy of neutrality, oppose 
recreating an army, do not 
believe foal foe Sandinistas pose 
a threat and do not want Costa 
Rica used as a base for attacking 

In contrast US intentions were 

spelt out last year in a Stale 
, Department drain report leaked 
to the press. It said that a 
militarized Costa Rica “would 
help shift — the political bal- 
ance in our (foe US) favour on 
Nicaragua's southern flank". 

In speeches since his victory. 
Arias has reflected public senti- 
ment by vowing to prevent 
armed contras from using Costa 
Rica and pledging actively to 
lake part in regional rfialngiu- , 

But even as he spoke, anti- 
Sandinista leaders based here 
were trying to improve their 
image with liberals by holding 
talks with both ex-US president 
Jimmy Carter and a delegation, 
from the Socialist International. 
The contras are vowing to end 
their squabbles and form a united 
southern front along foe Costa 
RJcan-Nicaraguan border. 

While this may help them to 
secure US congressional passagi* 
of President Reagan's proposed 
$100 million aid package to foe 
contras, it is certain to malrg 
Arias’s enforcement of neutrality 
more difficult Despite their 
fectionalisn, foe several thou- 

sand contras operating in south- 
ern Nicaragua already have a 
well-developed supply system 
through Costa Rica. They are 
helped by a chain of Costa Rican 
officials, border guards and 
businessmen, backed by foe US 

According to contra and Costa 
Rican sources, the presence of 
the CIA has grown considerably 
in foe last few years and it now 
has a strong influence over foe 
media. According to an Ameri- 
can mercenary, one Ni caraguan 
group runs a terrorist ring which 
plans to “wreak havoc along foe 
bonder" and so create a war 
between Costa Rica and Nicara- 
In foe event of conflict, the 
is on record as pledging to go 
to Costa Rica's defence. 

His other problems apart, 
Arias is certain to face an 
increasingly militant uftra-right. 
In recent months members of the 
right-wing taxi drivers onion and 
the neo-zascist Free Costa Rica 
movement have stoned the 
Nicaraguan embassy and at- 
tacked international peace 
marchers. Free Costa Rica has 
influential supporters, including 
several media executives, and its 
rank and file members have been 
receiving military training in foe 
t’s national reserve 

Roger Scruton 

Science with no 
time for facts 

fired warning shots into the roofs 
of apartment blocks to persuade 
foe population to leave foe battle 
areas of Aden. It was foe party 
men who suffered, just as ft was 
the party men who later claimed 
with deadly inevitability that 
they had saved Yemeni social- 

Almost every senior civil 
servant and ministry executive 
was liquidated in foe early days 
of the fighting as Ali Nassef’s 
opponents — unable to utilize 
their own tribal strength m 
Hadramawt and Shabwab prov- 
inces - used foe North Yemeni 
unemployed of the old National 
Front to control foe streets of foe 
capital The wounded followers 
of Ismail were take n up io foe 
hospital at Lahej in foe Radian 
where they lay in the corridors 
guarded by their own heavily- 
armed henchmen. 

In one case, it is said, Ismail's 
men tore a drip-feed from foe 
arm of a badly-wounded sup- 
porter of Ali Nasser whose life 
was saved only by a doctor who 
pushed foe drip into foe man’s 
other arm and told foe gunmen 
they would have to shoot him 
first if they wished to murder his 

From foe start both sides used 
Ministry of Health ambulances to 
carry militiamen and arms — so 
the vehicles immediately became 
targets. So did medical stafE 
residents of Aden still talk about 
two men wounded in a car 
outside foe Jamahariya hospital 
in Aden — foe old Queen Eliza- 
beth hospital — who both died 
shrieking in the roadway only 
100 yards from doctors who were 
shot at every time they vainly 
tried to help them. 

In the end, Ali Nasser lost 
because some of his leading 
politburo opponents survived 
and because army officers — 
hearing of foe massacre of many 
of their colleagues — placed their 
Soviet-made tanks along foe 
coast road to Abyan to prevent 
Ali Nasser’s supporters reaching 
foe capital. 

The victory over foe man they 
now call “foe great traitor and 
party criminal” is to be 
commemorated in Aden this 
week with a special “martyrs' 
day" at which foe latest version 
of South Yemen's history will be 

It will, of course, be a story of 
revolution, of party consolida- 
tion, of a minority plot by former 
trusted colleagues who betrayed 
even their Soviet friends, of foe 
“hidden hand" of foe CIA and 
ultimately of victory consolidated 
by party faithfuls who put self- 
sacrifice before personal gain. At 
least until the next counter-coup. 

Thanks to Keynes, with his 
cocksure advice, his pseudo- 
scientific rigour, his political 
influence, social position and 
philosophical airs, economics 
became the teacher of politics, 
and foe professor of this new- 
fangled subject became the mas- 
ter of those who govern us. 

The mixture of sound common 
sense and tentative social philos- 
ophy which our ancestors knew 
as “political economy" was 
replaced by a brazen science 
whose exponents tend to ad- 
vance. like Keynes, from a 
minimum of observation and by 
prancing steps of a priori 
argument, to conclusions which 
pre-empt the art of government. 
Thence has arisen the breed of 
“economic advisers", promising 
final answers to questions which, 
because they are politicaL should 
never be answered finally. 

When Keynes gave way to 
Friedman this applied a victory 
of common sense over specula- 
tion — and so it would have 
been, had not “Friedman ism" 
been invented, as a simitar 
comprehensive solution, just as 
over-bold. Once again the prob- 
lem of unemployment was 
treated theoretically, with little 
consciousness that the theories 
are both sketchy in themselves 
and more foe consequences of 
political attitudes than the 
“scientific" grounds for them. 
And plain facts which have no 
place in the theory were again 
passed over as irrelevant. 

But consider some of the facts. 
Consider, for example, the de- 
cline of discipline at home and 
school: foe destruction of foe 
core educational curriculum: the 
dwindling ofliteracy: the growing 
contempt for individual 
responsibility and for the ethic of 
work. The net result of this must 
surely be to make a large number 
of teenagers not merely un- 
employed but also unemployable. 

Or consider the bureaucratic 
restrictions on the wage contract; 
the unjust taxation (through 
“social security" payments) 
placed on everyone who wishes 
to hire another, the difficulty of 
dismissing an employee who 
turns out to be useless. The net 
result is that it is often crazy to 
employ someone, even when the 
work is there. Or consider the 
fact that many people do not 
want to work, or prefer to remain 
officially unemployed, while 
collecting tax-free payments for 
casual labour. If you mention 
such facts as a major cause of un- 
employment. socialists will con- 
demn you as a demon, while 
economists will dismiss you as an 

But it is difficult to have 
confidence in economists so long 
as their ardent divisions of 

H on are more like odium 
ogieuni than scientific de- 
bate. At least if economics is a 
science, and can aspire to an 
authority that ail people should 
recognize, whatever their political 
outlook, it is a very young 
science, and one whose conclu- 

sions should never be advanced 
dogmatically nor adhered to 

If economists in advisory 
positions behave more like ma- 
gicians than like scientists, it is 
because the power of their £ 
“science" depends, like the power 
of sympathetic magic, on the 
disposition of people to believe 
in it. In which case, their 
scientific pretensions should be 
taken with a pinch of salt. 

No consequence of the sov- 
ereignty of economics is more 
dangerous than the destruction of 
the morality of money. Moral 
sense permits us to transcend 
self-interest and short-sightedness 
for the species' sake. Traditional 
fiscal morality has therefore 
proved more beneficial in the 
long run than the mum bo-jumbo 
that so often drowns its counsels. 
.And if '“monetarism" is appeal- 
ing it is not. 1 believe, because of . 
its scientific credentials, but & 
because of its moral truth. It • 
reminds us that the state, which 
mediates through money in all 
our transactions, is under a duty 
not to tax us illegitimately by 
debasing the coin of the realm. 

When theory defies the moral 
sense, however, it should not be 
listened to. During the 1960s 
economists persuaded themselves 
that the theory of Keynes applied 
not only to the political economy 
of every- nation state but also to 
the “international economy". 
Underdevelopment, over-saving 
and economic stagnation could 
therefore be cured at once, so 
they thought, by “recycling" 
dollars to nations which had 
never shown the slightest ability 
either to invest them wisely or to 
spend them well. Bankers lis-4 
tened to the economists, and the 
result will soon be catastrophic. 

Common morality tells us that 
prudence is a virtue, and that 
trust should neither be exploited 
nor betrayed. It would have 
reminded the banker that the 
dollars which he loaned to 
governments that had not given 
the slightest evidence of their 
probity were not his to lend, that 
he held them in trust, to invest 
wisely on behalf of clients to 
whom he was answerable, and 
that the only security for an 
investment is proof of a return. 

It is preciselv such self-evident 
moral truth that the pseudo- 
scientific language of inter- 
national Keynesianism (“recycl- 
ing”. "pump-priming'', the t 
“world economic order") is < 
designed to obscure. Once the 
economic advisers entered the 
scene and "demoralized" foe 
problem, the meagre store of 
common sense was dissipated 
and madness triumphed ’ in 
“scientific" form. 

We may not be able to to solve 
foe problem of unemployment 
but perhaps we could at least 
understand it were we to refuse 
the terms which economists 
recommend to us and to trust 
insiead the language of morality. 

The author is editor of the 
Salisbury Review. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Relax in exotic 

Every now and then there comes 
a technical breakthrough so 
revolutionary that it changes the 
way we live, yet so simple that 
you wonder why nobody thought 
of it before. The submarine, in 
shipping. The Fosbury Pop. in 
high jumping. The tea bag, in 
dram clearance. The credit card, 
in scraping ice off car windows. 
And now a British firm has made 
an equivalent breakthrough in 
the world of holidays — foe video 

Until now. it has always been 
believed that to take a foreign 
holiday you had to go away 
somewhere. Videovac of Chelten- 
ham have challenged this with 
the idea that instead of going 
away on holiday, you can have 
the holiday brought to you. It's 
cheaper, safer and just as 
satisfying, says their PR officer, 
Adrian Wardour-Streete. 

“Here's how it works," said 
Adrian, as we shared a pina 
colada in Cheltenham's trendy 
Lagoon cocktail bar. “You want 
a sunny fortnight on the Costa 
Guapa. But you don't want to 
pay through the nose, you don’t 
want to be surrounded by tourists 
and you don't want lots of greasy 
food. So we bring the sun lamps 
to your house, we put on tapes of 
flamenco music and. above all. 
we supply foe videos for you to 
watch and get you in the mood." 

Arias: at least the coHee 
price is on his side 

In terms of the economy. Arias 
feces a $4.5 billion foreign debt, 
one of the highest per capita in 
foe world. His announcement 
foal he win renegotiate foe terms 
of payment, along with his 
pledges to build 80,000 new 
houses, find 25,000 new jobs 
annually and provide land for the 
landless, are likely to antagonize 
foe US, foe IMF and local 

But with a number of unpopu- 
lar austerity measures already 
adopted and revenues up thanks 
to rising coffee prices, foe 
economy has improved some- 
■what. Therefore, as in the 
election campaign, Arias’s main 
issues after he takes office in May 
are likely to be peace and 

Documentary films 

wish feature films 

Spain ? Or Spanisi 


Martha Honey 

tubbed in English / 

"Good Lord, no, nothing like 
that. We have specially prepared 
tapes showing hour after hour of 
waves gently coming in on the 
beach, or palm trees blowing in 
the warm wind. It's foe equiva- 
lent of background music, really 
- background scenery. You sit 
there in your own room, basking 
in the heat and the Spanish 
ambiance, yet with ail the home 
comforts you normally miss so 
desperately on holiday. 

“At a stroke we have elimi- 
nated all the things that people 
hate about holidays — the trudge 
to the beach, the battle with 
currency, the surly waiters, and 
above all the dreary travelling. 
Now. at a third of the price, you 
can have all the best things about 
a holiday and none of foe worst. 
When your holiday begins, you're 

already there — not en route to 
Luton Airport!" 

Bui surely the main thing about 
a holiday is actually being 
somewhere else, somewhere 
Joreignand different'/ 

"Don't you believe it." said 
Adrian, as we slid Into 
Cheltenham's trendy Poissonerie 
for some mussels and Chablis. 
“Most Britons hate being abroad, 
they only go for the sun. 
Otherwise, they like it to be as 
British as possible, with Watney's 
and English Spoken Here. And 
what could be more British than 
your own home? We at Videovac 
create the illusion of being 
abroad, but the reality is always 
the one you know and like best. 

“Remember, too. how home- 
oriented people are on holiday, 
always looking for gifts for 
relations, writing endless post- 
candf scrabbling around for 
English newspapers. We remove 
all that anxiety. We buy your 
gifts, write your cards — and have 
the Spanish papers delivered 
every day* I think, quite honestly, 
that you are more aware of 
abroad when you are at home. 
Personally. I'd rather sit at home 
reading Jan Morris on Spain than 
actually go to Spain, which is 
always something of a dis- 
appointment by contrast." 

Videovac’s Spanish holidavs 
«art from £50 for a fortnight. 
Their Fortnight in Australia 
comes at only £40. while their 
most expensive holiday. By 
Steam Train Through Europe 
and Asia, is still only £75. with 
complete video coverage of foe 

"Jusi imagine steaming all day 
through China." says Adrian, 
then popping down the pub in £ 
the evening to id! everyone ‘ 
where you've been. Marvellous'" 
But does he really think the 
illusion can be maintained in anv 
satisfying way? 

“Listen - we've just spent a 
tovdy hour in France, thanks to 
foe ambiance of the Poissonerie. 
Before that we had a quick half 
hour in the palm-fringed Pacific, 
thanks to the Lagoon. I don’t t 
remember you complaining F 
about either. Oh. yes. the illusion 
works all right Now. who's for a 
tjuick ^after-lunch julep in 





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shSnHH^H 1 fCh Vi 9 kers &c deterrent flat will give 

Tndent pro- guarantee in wartime - com- 
gramme of a labour victory 
at the next general election, 
illustrates graphically the risks 
that the Government feces 
. when its unity and resolve fell 
into doubt. The tough 
contractual negotiations and 
the delay in the order of the 
first submarine are not 
damaging to the project in 
themselves. Vickers manage- 
ment would be t ailin g in 
duty if they did not seek to 
secure the best possible guar- 
antees in .. the event - of 
cancellation. But Britain's 
derision at the start of the 
decade to purchase Trident-2 - 
. as the country's next nuclear 
deterrent; remains a sound 
.one - although now un- 
fashionable. The aim of 

- Whitehall should be to make 
cancellation more, not less, 
difficult as the months float 


Trident-2 is an expensive 
option. It is not, as the 
Government is fond of necall- 
: ing, as expensive as the 
_ Tornado . t aircraft . procure- 
■menL It is true- that it is 
^absorbing only three per cent • 
of the defence budget over the 
procurement period of IS to 17 
years - or six per cent during 
ita peak spending years. But 

- its share of the equipment 
budget ranges from six to II 
per cent and, as the SDP 
argues in yesterday's policy 
document, i twill be swallow- 
ing nearly a thin! of. the 
ministry's new equipment 
funds by around. 1990. • 

So far the programme costs 

plementing not replacing the 

- protective umbrella which is 
held over bur heads by the 
United . States. There are 
those who argue that peace 
has been preserved since 1945 
in spite o£ rather than 
because of, the vast 
accumulation of nuclear 
weapons on both sides. But so 
fer, with the current mix of 
weapons, peace has been 
maimained.To take Britain 
out of the nuclear equation at 
this stage would 'be an 
•irresponsible., leap into the 

The argument of foose who 
say that Britain should spend 
the £10bn on - conventional 
forces instead - a popular 
theme in the forces them- 

- selves - is very questionable. 
Conventional forces are in 
relative terms more expensive 
and would add only margin- 
ally to the defensive capabili- 
ties of Western Europe. If 
more conventional troops in 
Europe are makes 
more sense for other Nato 

-countries , to provide them, 

leaving Britain to supply the 
next generation deterrent as 
its own unique contribution 
to allied security . 

Another much advertised 
alternative is to retain Polaris 
into the next century, up- 
dating rtrio enable it still to 
penetrate enemy defences - 
perhaps space-based defences? 
One might even develop a 
British successor, founded on 
our knowledge of Polaris .and 
.our own not inconsiderable 


f ■ 

■have ■■■been- quite’ well con- \ :• experienceofwarhead -design, 
tairied - any revisions of 'This- would be; possible: but 


. . 

estimates' being largely the 
product of inflation. The 
United States estimates are 
unlikely to rise significantly, 
if only because the US 
funding system tempts the . 
administration to ask Con- 
gress for more money than it 
•needs. But £10bn is stjU.a lot 

would fr he cheaper? The four 
Polaris submarines will need 
replacing is the 1990s anyway 
- and the new boats account 
for roughly half of the Trident 
programme's costs. Moreover 
the money expended on 
developing the Chevaline 

« f* « ■ 

one knows at present would 
suggest that the 
safestenvironment in which 
to hide one’s deterrent re- 
mains the sea. But estimates 
of how many the Royal Navy, 
would need to have at sea at 
any one time to match the 
deterrent power of one Tri- 
dent submarine, range be- 
tween 300 and 400. Even if 
one could squeeze 80. on to. 
each boat, one is still thinking 
in terms of four boats at sea 
at one time - and more than 
twice as many to main tain 
that kind of perpetual pres- 

Cruise missiles moreover 
. would represent again a new 
technology for British Aero- 
' space (despite its enthusiasm 
to explore it) and fresh 
operating techniques for the 
navy. This is not to say that 
either industry or the navy 
would fail to meet the 
challenge. But h makes the 
cruise missile option another 
high risk area - whose costs 
could all too easily surpass 
those of Trident 

Trident-2 endows Britain 
with more capability than it 
actually needs. Its range, the 
dumber of its independent 
warheads, takes this country 
into the next generation of 
nuclear deterrence rather 
more quickly - and less 
equivocally - than the Gov- 
ernment might have wished. 
But by switching with the 
Americans from the original 
purchase of Tridem-1 to the 
more capable Trident-2, Brit- 
ain has retained commonality 
with the United States - 
: sharing tire facilities, and 
Operational experience of the 
superpower in a manner 
which reduces both the 
development risks and the 
maintenance costs of the 
system. The sophistication of 
the missile too gives Britain a 
margin which, with the ad- 
vance of : technology, one 
might come to accept as 
Essential. " V ... 


Making life easier for disabled 

From Dr Robert IViggiesworth 
Sir, Your Social Services 
Correspondent, Nicholas Tim- 
mins, wrote (January 28 )^houl 
the Government-appointed in- 
quiry into the health service's 
system of supplying artificial 
.limbs' and wheelchairs to the 
disabled. This- committee, 
chaired by Professor Ian McColl, 
raised some very important 
'points in prosthetic medicine. 

The stories quoted in the 
report of considerably delayed 
delivery of limbs and difficulties 
in fitting leave many elderly 
amputees, whose numbers now- 
adays are very large, frustrated 
and demoralised, ending with an 
artificial limb which remains 
unused in the comer of the room, 
not to mention the depression in 
trying to face up to a much more 
difficult lifestyle. 

I think a lot of the trouble here 
is producing limbs which, al- 
though perfect from an engineer- 
ing point of view, are too 
cumbersome, heavy and ungainly 
for an old or frail person to learn 
to use, especially when their 
other limb and body have been 
allowed to lose their use for 
weeks or months in delays and 

One answer for old and frail 
people is to go back to something 
simpler and lighter in the early 
stages of fitting, something like 
the old pensioners' pylon, made 
in modem fight but strong 
materials. Above all the modem 

unsightly heavy metal pylon with 
its metal frame and its lib-plus 
block of wood rocker should gp. 

Although it is not always 
possible in older people to choose 
a below-knee or through-knee 
amputation, it is easierto learn to 
use an artificial limb with these 
than with an above-knee amputa- 

I agree with the report that 
those long journeys of 40 miles 
and more to limb-fitting centres 
cause more harm than often the 
visit does good in many of the 
frailer patients. 

Clearly all is not well and 
improvements must be at- 
tempted. I think it is most 
important to realise that this does 
not always mean spending large 
sums of money and building up a 
larger bureaucracy. The primary 
relationship is between the pa- 
tient, an experienced limb sur- 
geon, an experienced limb 
physician, the all-important limb 
fitter and the physiotherapist. 

I think it is alto vital to rethink 
the service for older persons, the 
majority of amputees these days, 
and concentrate upon speedier 
service and simpler, lighter less- 
complicated limbs in the early 
days and weeks of limb fitting. 
Yours faithfully, 

Tresillian House. 

Cranford St John, 



January 30. 

-■.•> > 



warhead under the Polaris 
of money ala. time;. wfaea flie ‘ imjnpw^^ in 

• . government has^give .y^s a . sobering . . 

away - and tbenannedfbnces reminder of tbe high risk, of As' the Government draws 

are ' preparing- to^ submit micleartechnology. Britain Vclose. to the <**1 «**"**»«« 

claims for a httmltor'jjf mdre > 'tnight it is trne; link np^with - period (only 
’ weapon r ; tire'' : Frooch.' : But’ Trench ■ *he sum ha 

' enthusiasm for an Anglo- 

French deterrent, with Britain 
■ providing the warhead and 
.France the ballistic missile, 
has been less than obvious. 

. The other main option is 
the cruise missile. There 

projects, without winch their 
operational efficiency might: 
well be impaired. Trident has 
an “opportunity cost’* 
impinging upon the defence 
programme, which no min- 
ister could unWushingly deny 

■ ■ M i 

; in 

Much- more 1 important^ might indeed come a time 
however, .. are the when this, would seem to be 
consistentlysotiarf arguments ^the preferrted ‘ alternative. But 
for Britain Setauting^i strate-^-the^irae^'rret-now. All that 

the sum, had. been .spent by 
the end of last year), it is right 
that the procurement should 
provoke a vigorous debate in 
Britain - and unsurprising 
that the industry involved in 
it should show concern. But 
the doubts and worriess 
should not deter either West- 
minster or Whitehall from 
pushing -ahead -with the pro- 



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The anger of the Bar with the 
government's refusal to offer 
more than a 5 per cent rise in 
barristers’ fees for legal aid 
work in criminal cases has led 
to the unprecedented decision 
to take legal action against the 
Lord Chancellor, Lord 
Hailsham, on the grounds 
that he is in breach of his 
statutory duty to pay feir 
remuneration- What is. -at 
issue in this High Court 
review is not so much any 
particular amount of money, 
but Lord Hailsham’s refusal 
to negotiate and, more gen- 
erally, his resistance to .the 
banisters' wish for an in- 
dependent, though non-bind- 
ing, advisory body on legal 
fees, along the lines operating 
in respect of the pay of 
•judges, doctors, nurses and so 
on. . 

Judged simply by the fig; 
pres for junior barristers 
criminal court earnings on 
which the Bar bases its case, 

the barristers have came 

enough to be disgruntled- An 
independent survey by Coo- 
pers and Lybnuid shows mat 
average earnings .for a c™" 
inal barrister aged 32 to 37 m 
the year jendia* ‘Agrfl 1984 
were between £6,140 nand 
£11880. For a barrister over 
37 (not a Queen's Counsel) 
the -figures were between 
£l!,390 nnd 

pay is a very fer cry from the 
high level of fees 
described not unfitly as 
astronomical) -]3 

Queen's Counsel m tiheawl 
courts, and even fiam JJe 
general level of barristers 
earnings in ervu cases 

Moreover, almost ^ 
inal work by barristers. K 
publicly funded 
much as 95 per cent) mdfor 

all practical pun* 8 ®. Ft 
risters working m 

inflation and takes no ac- 
count of the extent to which 
such pay has ' &Den behind 
former real levels. On the 
other hand, in the current 
dimate of public expenditure 
and the clear need to mod- 
erate pay increases generally, 
there is an obvious political 
unreality . about "the ; recom- 
mendation' ilk the Cooper and 
Lybnuid - report -> that . self- 
employed- barristers specializ- 
ing in publidy funded 
criminal defence work should 
have their incomes increased 
by between 30 and 40 per 
cent so as to put them- on a 
level with the pay of bar- 
risters employed in the 
government's legal services 

There are, in any case other 
aspects to the barristers’ case 
than those : depicted by. the 
bald figures of. mcomes pro- 
duced in* the .Coopers . '.and 
L-ybtaiid report. For one thing 
they are, as defined by the 
report itself, theoretical They 
asnme that junior barristers 
working in criminal cases 
work on such cases alone. But 
as the. report itself observes, 
many criminal barristers 
cany out mixtures of civil 
and criminal prosecution and 
defence work. Yet, on the 

To assume that a barrister is 
generally employed on only 
one case in a morning when 
he may well be employed on 
more, and to leave out of all 
account supplementary in- 
come from civil work does 
import an air of unreality into 
the argument, and the Bar's 
current claim. ' 

. On the.other hand, it also 
. seemS unreasonably obdurate 
-for Lord. Hailsham to refuse 
further negotiations, standing 
inflexibly on his 5 per cent 
The Bar has a case. It fears 
that the level of junior 
barristers' fees in criminal 
cases will be a deterrent to 
good quality recruitment in a 
legal .field which is of vital 
importance to the the rights 
of a subject accused of 
breaking the law, ;and there 
are said to be signs already of 
. young, barristers leaving this 
side of flte; profession. . 

Even • .toi ■ there is no 
evidence at all of a disinclina- 
tion on the part of young 
graduates to enter the legal 
profession as a whole; with its 
well-known high money and 
status, rewards. If there is a 
case for Lord Hailsham to be 
more flexible, the same ap- 
plies to the Bar. Though tbe 

aeieuec wuȣ government may be 

psumpaon that ihe cnmrnal • parjinjou^ous j n what it pays 
kgal aid fees should be barristers in legal aid 

assessed in relation to how fer case ^ neven heless pays 
they can provide ^ adequate heavily for the cost of the 
incomes in their own npint • courts overall Tharis in part 
(without ^. CTO^subatotion ^ often, the legal 

from dvfl or other fees), the 
report bases its : findings -on 
banisters’ pay expectations if 
all their time were spent on 
criminal legal aid wnk alone. 

Since, however, it is not so 
spent, that fed surely tos to 
be taken into account in 
appraising the suggested 30 
to 40 per cent increase: There 
is certainly force in Lord 
Hailsham’s observation, . m 
his letter to the Chairman of 

profession, by its own restric- 
tive practices, requires over- 
representation in the courts. 

It might help the govern- 
ment to find more money for 
the ill-paid barristers if the 
legal profession as a whole 
were more willing to re- 
appraise its own conventions 
ana to streamline its prac- 
tices It preserves its interna] 
demarcation arrangements 
with a dedication hot al- 

cascs have their pay ae^r- . Mr- Robert Alexan- together unlike that of the 

m ined by ’ * qc, that “fees cannot be .trade imionaTo allow a tittle 

monopolistic employer^ a jg Ve |. which would ; more of the market spirit to 

a i provide a substantial increase . pervade a inofession which 

far a banister whose; time -overall, is not. ill-rewarded 
may not be folly employed." would surely be ho bad thing. 

government, ^ 

present, offering an 

remuneration which n® 

more that offset the rate ot 

Drug addiction 

From Mrs M. NeviUe-RolJe 
Sir, I have been reflecting on the 
sentences passed on Mr and Mrs 
Russell after the tragic death of 
their baby through culpable 
access to Methadone (report, 
February 1). The judge pro- 
nounced sentences-of 10 years 
and seven years-as a deterrent to 
drug abusers. 

Surely the judge has failed to 
understand the effect of mind- 
altering drugs on addicts? To . 
think that long sentences will 
deter other such people is to foil 
to understand the mental illness 
that addicts are suffering from. 
Their perceptions are so distorted 
that they will not be able to draw 
the conclusion the judge wishes 
to present and the prison service 
will be put to vast and pointless 
expense. * . 

. .The judge could have given 

help and hope to many thou- 
sands of young abusers if he had 
imposed a short or suspended 
sentence, with an . obligation to 
attend a clinic. 

The other missed opportunity 
was not to warn social workers of 
the dangers in cases where 
parents are drug addicts. People 
suffering from addiction deceive 
themselves and can easily de- 
ceive others. Extra vigilance from 
all involved in child care is 
urgently required m such cases if 
other tragedies are to be avoided. 
Yours faithfully, 

(Vice-Chairman, Wiltshire 
branch. Mental Health Founda- 

Ark Farm, 




February 6. 

Voluntary services 

-From Mr Graham Mather 
Sir, PeterJay’s tetter (February 6) 
on the - future of voluntary 
organisations after GLC abolition 
is totally undermined by the 
misleading evidence be cites 
concerning the derisions of West- 
minster City Council 
Tbe truth is that we have 
offered whole or part funding to 
all ex GLC-funded bodies that 
have applied. Our grants budget 
this year has been increased by a 
massive 62 per cent to £4.4 
million. And those groups who 
did not receive a grant from this 
amount can still apply under a 

new scheme whereby we will 
match “pound for pound” any 
money they can raise from 
private sources. 

This year’s grants policy has 
resulted in significant growth for 
needy groups in Westminster like 
the single homeless. 1 am sure Mi 
Jay would want other London 
boroughs to follow this 

Yours faithfully, 

Grants Subcommittee, 
Westminster City Council 
Westminster City HaD, 

Victoria Street SW1. 

February 6. 

Saintly relics 

From the Reverend Brian Taylor 
Sir. There is more and stronger 
evidence for the mission of the 
Apostle Thomas in India than 
Michael Hamlyn suggests (Feb- 
ruary 6). However, 3; when the 
crowds have dispersed, he goes to 
St Thomas’s Cathedral, 
Mylapore, Madras, he will be 
shown the saint’s grave - open 
and empty. 

Tbe tradition is that tbe bones 
were taken to Edessa in the third 
or fourth century. Before Edessa 
was stormed by the Turks in 
1144 they were taken to Chios in 
the Aegean. In 1258 they were 
carried to Ortona on the east 
coast of Italy, where they still are, 
in a sarcophagus in the crypt 
beneath the high altar. 

The skull is kept separately in 
a reliquary, and earned in 
procession through the streets on 
the first Sunday in May. 

Yours faithfully, 


The Rectory, 

The Flower Walk, 

Guildford, Surrey. 

Aerial lessons 

From Mr James Pilditch 
Sir, The Government, we hear 
(report, February 7), is to spend 
£3 milli on on the feasibility study 
of an aircraft that will whisk us 
to Sydney in an hour. If this is to 
see whether there is a market it 
may be good. If tbe study is to 
assess our technical competence 
to create such a plane it becomes 

'Such a study win show, 
presumably, either that we can- 
not do it, or that we can do it at a 
cost we should not afford, or that 
we could do it with others. Logic 
suggests the only practical route 
is the last one. 

If that is so, may we hope a 
partner win be brought in right 
from the start? That, by the way, 
would address the market ques- 
tion as weU as the cost 

The first thing to do after 
Concorde, dare one suggest, is to 
learn tbe lessons of Concorde. 
Yours faithfully. 


62 Cadogan Square, SW1. 
February 8. 

From a great height 

From the Countess of Munsier 
Sir, Apropos Mr Wait's letter 
(Ftoniaiy 4), perhaps I may 

quote from The Herschel Chron- 
icle, written by my grandmother, 
Constance Lubbodc, who was a 
granddaughter of William Her- 

He (William Hrrscbel) wrote a 
letter to Sir Joseph Banks, as 
President of the Royal Society, 
recommending the name 
~Georgiam Sidus” for the new 
ptanet_ (p.122). 

The name which Herscbd pro- 
posed for the new planet was for a 
short time used in England, but, on 
lhe Continent that su^ested by the 
Prussian astronomer. ■ Bode, was 
considered more a pp ro pria te and 
was soon mtiversaliy adopted 

Presumably .Bode would have 

pronounced Uranus in the Ger- 
man manner. I never heard it 
pronounced “Urainus” until 
feirfy recently and not by any of 
my family or people I have met 
who have made a study of 
Herscbel's life and work. 

Jo tell you tbe truth I thought 
it was someone's idea of a 
schoolboy joke and, if h amuses 
Mr Wait to pronounce h that 
way, he may, of course, continue 
to do so but I should like to 
know what evidence he can 
produce to show that such 
pronunciation was ever used by 
Youis faithfully, 


78 Bushey Hall Road, 



February 5. 

Abuses of aid 
by Ethiopia 

From Mr Julian Amery, MP for 
Brighton Pavilion (Conservative) 
and others 

Sir, The contribution made by 
governments and voluntary agen- 
cies to famine and refugee relief 
in the Horn of Africa last year 
has been beyond praise. The 
immediate crisis may be pacing 
but the consequences of mal- 
nutrition and displacrinent of 
peoples will continue for a long 

Western efforts received ex- 
cellent co-operation from the 
Somali authorities despite the 
illegal occupation of two enclaves 
by the Ethiopians since 1982 and 
continuing land and air raids 
which killed many innocent 
Somali people. Notwithstanding 
the change of regime in Khar- 
toum and a civil war in tbe south 
of the country, Sudan also did 
everything possible to expedite 
assistance to refugees. The worst 
difficulties were over transport. 

Less good will however, was 
shown by tbe Ethiopians. Access 
to Ethiopian harbours was often 
delayed to give priority to tbe 
import of Soviet arms. Irrespec- 
tive of famine, the Mcngisru 
regime pursues its armed inter- 
vention in Eritrea (bolstered 
since December, 1985 by Soviet 
troops) in Tigray and in the 
Ogaden so that only a fraction of 
the transport required has been 
available to move help given by a 
sympathetic international 

Of human rights violations in 
Ethiopia the most infamous is 
the resettlement programme 
whereby Soviet aircraft are forc- 
ibly moving thousands of Eritre- 
ans and Tigreans to inhospitable 
regions. When the rejected 
French charity, Mededns sans 
FrontiCres, predicted a death-toll 
of 400,000 as a result, it was 
summarily expelled. 

Before any further pledges of 
aid are made to Ethiopia, the 
British Government should make 
it plain to the regime in Addis 
Ababa, as has Mr Chester 
Crocker, of the US Administra- 
tion, that it must improve both 
its handling of assistance and its 
record on human rights. It should 
concentrate hs help on Sudan 
and Somalia, both of which are 
countries with which we have 
historical links and whose eco- 
nomic plight is just as severe as 
that of Ethiopia. 

It is a basic human duty to 
feed starving people, but donors 
have a right to know that their 
generosity is not abused. 

Yours faithfully, 

JULIAN AMERY (President, 

Horn of Africa Council), 


man ), 











112 Eaton Square, SW1. 

Shackle in Nepal 

From Lord Camoys 
Sir, Mr David Alton is bold 
indeed to write such a categoric 
and assertive article, “Speak up 
for these Christians” (February 
I). His recent visit to Nepal 
lasted less than one week so 
perhaps we should not be 
surprised by simple inaccuracies. 
For example, it was the King, at 
the time of his coronation, who 
announced the Zone of Peace 
concept, not the current Foreign 

Mrs Merc, in her letter 
(February 7), makes the vital 
point that Hinduism is an 
important part of Nepalese cul- 
ture. Indeed it is, for it permeates 
the entire social structure and 
behaviour pattern. That is one of 
the reasons why evangelisation 
by any religion or sect is 

Further, the Nepalese Govern- 
ment is surely as aware as any 
that the very process of 
evangelisation by one religion in 
a country which is already deeply 
imbued with the traditions and 
behaviour of another can cause 
soda! and civil strife. The history 
of the subcontinent is witness to 

One of the tragic results of the 
behaviour of some of the 
Christian Evangelists is that tbe 
work of those other Christians 
who have been happily helping 
the Nepalese with health care, 
education, agriculture etc for 
over 30 years, without trying to 
influence the Nepalese away from 
their traditional beliefs, may now 
be damaged. 

Yours faithfully, 


Stonor Park, 

Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire. 

Recovered sounds 

From Mr Arnold Kentridge 
Sir, Mr Steve Race described 
(January 31) the thrill of hearing 
a fanfare played on the “long- 
ritent” trumpet that had beat 
found in the tomb of 
Tutankhamim. This was broad- 
cast by the BBC in July, 1938. 

The. .Tutankhamun trumpets 
had. in feet, been examined by 
Professor Percival Kirby when he 
visited the- Royal Egyptian Mu- 
.seum in 1933. With the assis- 
tance of Dr Engdbacb, the 
Keeper of the Museum, he 
removed the wooden cores de- 

signed to avoid accidental dents 
when the trumpets were not in 
use, and then blew the first 
sounds from the long-silent 

There was no mouthpiece of 
the kind now used on brass 
instruments, but the mouth ends 
were turned over a ring of wire. 
With this embouchure it was easy 
to produce a fine sound, but only 
one effective note -could be 
produced apart from a weak 
lower note. 

When the BBC first broadcast 
the fanfares to which Mr Race 
refers, they made no mention of 
the feet that a modem mouth- 

piece had been added; after being 
challenged by Professor Kirby 
they admitted that the trumpet 
had not been played in its 
original form. 

Professor Kirby also made the 
interesting inference that as 
“bugle calls'' could not have been 
played on the trumpets, it was. 
probable that military signals in 
Pharaonic times were rhythmic 
patterns on a single note. 

Yours faithfully, 


3 Coningesby Drive. 



February 1. 


FEBRUARY 11 1899 

The Philippines were colonized by 
Spain in the 16thcentury. In the 
late 19th c entwy nationalist 
aspirations among the Filipinos 
led to an insurrection and in June 
1898 a republic was proclaimed 
with Emilio Aguinaldo as its 
president When the Spanish - 
American war ended in December 
1898 the Philippines, Puerto Rico 
and Guam were ceded to the 
United States. From the 
beginning the relations between 
the two countries were 
antagonistic and in February 
rebellion broke out The final 
surrender by the Filipinos u>as in 
April 1902. On Jufy 4 1946 the 
Philippine Repubuc came into 


(Through Reuter’s ag ency) 

The Filipinos have apparently 
selected Malabon as their base of 
operations in their next encounter 
with the Americans, as they are 
concentrating there in consider- 
able force. At Caloocan many 
ftimll bodies of scattered troops 
are straggling in from the right, 
and others are undoubtedly arriv- 
ing from the northern interior 
provinces. Aguinaldo is reported 
to have established his headquar- 
ters at Malabon for the purpose of 
rallying his forces and attempting 
a decisive coup. 

In order to cover their move- 
ments the Filipinos again opened 
fire on the Kansas outposts last 
night from the jungle. Firing was 
continued for 20 minutes, but 
without effect The Americans 
reserved their Ere until a detach- 
ment of the enemy emerged from 
the bamboo jungle, when a well- 
directed volley sent the Filipinos 
scurrying back under cover. Apart 
from this, there was quiet along 
the entire line. 

The 14th Infantry unearthed 
several tons of Spanish shells 
which had evidently been stolen 
from the Cavite arsenal and 
concealed by the insurgents in the 
vicinity of Paranaque. Fifteen 
cartloads of three munitions have 
already been brought in; also a 
modern naval gun, which is 
believed to have been taken from 
one of the sunken Spanish 


At 5 minutes past 3 this 
afternoon the Americans made a 
combined attack upon Caloocan, 
and carried the town after a short 
but brilliant engagement. 

At a signal from the tower of 
the Church of de 1a Lome, the 
warship Monadnock. with great 
effect, opened fire on the earth- 
works from the bay with the big 
guns of her forward turret, and 
soon afterwards the Utah battery 
gan to bombard the position 
from the land side. 

The enemy reserved their fire 
until the bombardment ceased. 
They then replied with volleys of| 
musketry fire. 

A littie later, as the Montana 
Volunteers advanced towards the 
jungle, the Kansas Regiment, who 
were on the extreme left, the 3rd 
Artillery meanwhile deploying to 
the right, charged across the open 
and carried the earthworks under 
a heavy fire. The troops engaged 
cheered enthusiastically as the 
enemy fell back. During the fight 
they were supported by the 
artillery posted at the church. 

Tbe Filipinos fought desperate- 
ly, contesting every inch of the 
ground, but they were steadily 
driven back right into the town. 
The line penetrated to the 
Presidencia and hauled down the 
Filipino flag. 

At 5.30 the enemy's sharpshoot- 
ers in the jungle on the right fired 
on the Pennsylvanians at long 
range, but they were soon silenced 
ter a few rounds of shrapneL The 
Pennsylvanians remained in their 

The Filipinos sustained heavy 
loss, being mowed down hbe grass. 
The Americans as they advanced 
burned the native huts. The loss 
on the American side was alight. 

President McKinley this after- 
noon signed tbe Treaty of Peace 
with Spain. Mr Hay, Secretary of 
State, signed the treaty at the 
same time. 

The President has sent to 
Congress a Message in which he 

“As a consequence of the ratifica- 
tion of the Treaty of Peace with 
Spain the United States will come 
into possession of the Philippines. 
The necessity of speedy communi- 
cation via Hawaii and Guam is 
imperative. Such communications 
should be established in such a 
way as to be wholly under the 
control of the United States 
whether in time of peace or war.” 

After mentioning the feet that 
at present- the only cable commu- 
nication with Manila is through 
foreign countries, and that there 
exists no means of communicat- 
ing with Hawii and Guam accept 
steamer, the Message contmues:- 
u The present conditions should 
not be allowed to continue a 
moment longer than is absolutely 

Meaningful terms 

From Mr Jim Simmonds 
Sir, The one I rather care for 
concerns the American hostess 
who enquired of her guest, 
having just sat down to dinner, 
"Are you into condi mentation?** 



Bovey Tracey, 






























y > 


















of 1 
at \ 
a hi 

“W t 
ha pi 


it h 
in a 

is li 
in K 







l 10- 
a fa 







February 10: The Queen ar- 
rived at Buckingham palace 
Ibis afternoon. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. 
Chancellor, today visited the 
University of Cambridge and 
Cambridge Science Park. 

His Royal Highness, at- 
tended by Squadron Leader 
Timothy Finneron, was re- 
ceived upon arrival by . the 
Vice-Chancellor (Lord Adrian). 

The Princess Anne. Mrs 
Mark Phillips, Chancellor of 
the University of London, this 
afternoon opened University 
College's new Unit for Endo- 
crinology and Diabetes at the 
Whittington Hospital. Highgate 
Hifl, London, NI, and the 
Local Health Authority Hos- 
pital Ward at the Middlesex 
School of Medicine. 

Her Royal Highness was 
received upon arrival by the 
Mavor of Islington (Councillor 
Mrs M. Ogjlvv-Webb). the 
Vice-Chancellor of the Univer- 
sity (Lord Flowers) and the 

Provost of University College 
London (Sir James Ughthill). 

Mrs Richard Carew Pole was 
io attendance: 

The Princess Anne. Mrs 
Mark Phillips, this evening 
attended the Sports Aid 
Foundation dinner at the 
Mansion House. 

Her Royal Highness was 
received by the Lord Mayor 
and the Governor of the 
foundation (Sir Leslie Por 

February 10: The Duke of Kent 
was today represented by Sir 
Edward Goschen at the service 
of thanksgiving for the life of 
Mr WJ. Chalmers which was 
held in Hereford Cathedral. 

A service of thanksgiving for 
the life of T.M. Thomas will be 
held today at St Margaret's. 
Loth bury, London. EC2, at 

A service of thanksgiving for 
the life of Professor Robert 
Milnes Walker will be held at 
Bristol Cathedral today at 



Mr M.G.W. Armstrong 
and Miss C.A, Harris 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael Gordon Wil- 
liam. only son of Mr and Mrs 
Gordon F. Armstrong, of 
Crowbo rough. Sussex, and 
Catherine Anne, only daughter 
of Mr and Mrs John O. Harris, 
of Brisbane, Australia. 

Mr P.W. Reader 
and Miss V. Noel 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, only son of 
Colonel P S. Reader. CBE. and 
Veronique. of Farleigh. 
Ramsden Road. Godaloung. 
second daughter of Mr M. 
Noel, of France. 


MqforGeneral R.P.W. Wall 
and Miss J.H. Aiming 
The marriage took place on 
February 7, 1986. between 

Major-General Robert Wall. 
CB. JP, and Miss Jennifer 
Aiming . 

Princess born 

Amman (Reuter) — Queen 
Noor. the American-born wife 
of King Husain of Jordan, 
yesterday gave birth to a girl 
their fourth child. The baby, 
the couple's second daughter, is 
named Raya. 


Mr Peter Milieu. QC. aged 53. 
to be a High Court judge.He 
will sit in the Chancery 


English-Speaking Union 
Mr Alan Lee Williams. Direc- 
tor-General of the English- 
Speaking Union of the 
Commonwealth, and Mrs Val- 
erie Mitchell, the union's direc- 
tor of branches and cultural 
affairs, received the guests at a 
reception held at Dartmouth 
House yesterday after a talk on 
the theatre given by Mr 
Anthony Hopkins. 

Birthdays today 

Sir John Arbuthnot. 74: Air 
Chief Marshal Sir Denis 
Barnett, 80; Vice-Admiral Sir 
Peter Berger. 61; the Hon Marie 
Bonham Carter. 64: Sir Alexan- 
der Cairn cross. 75; Sir Richard 
Dobson. 72; Air Commodore 
Sir James Easton. 78: Mr A_W. 
Forster. 58: Sir Vivian Fuchs. 
78; Professor Roy Fuller, 74: 
Sir Alexander Gibson. 60; Mr 
Ian Gow. MP. 49; Sir Frederick 
Hoare. 73: Mr Patrick Leigh 
Fenmor. 71; Miss Mary Quant. 
52; Baroness Sharpies. 63: Mr 
John Surtees, 52; Mr E.W. 
S wanton. 79. 


Breakmate Executive Catering 
Mr Sheridan Morley was the 
guest speaker at a dinner riven 
by Breakmate Executive Cater- 
ing at Skinners' Hall last night 
(o promote the art and 
appreciation of executive cater- 

Chartered Institute of Trans- 

Sir John Dent. Chairman of the 
Civil Aviation Authority, deliv- 
ered the Brancker Memorial 
lecture, entitled “Air transport 
safety - the regulator’s role*", to 
the Chartered Institute of 
Transport in London yesterday 
evening. The president. Mr 
J.K. Stuart, presided and after- 
wards entertained the speaker 
at dinner. 

Leicestershire Constabulary 
Chief Superintendent J.D. 
Contis presided at a dinner 
held at the Leicestershire 
Constabulary officers' mess last 
night to mark ISO years of 
policing in the city of Leicester. 
The principal guests were Sir 
Robert Mark. Mr Neil Gal- 
braith and Mr John Taylor. 

University news 


Sir Melvyn Rosser. Group 
Chairman of HTV, to be 
President of the University 
College of Wales. Aberystwyth, 
in succession to Lord Cledwyn 
of Penrhos who is now pro- 
chancellor of the university. 

Joanne Eng. WRAP, Fiona Attfieid, WRAC, and Julie Sheppard, WRNS, with rffles at 
the ready before faflHyg part yesterday in the annual Inter-Service Women s Rifle Shoot- 
ing Championships at the WRAC Centre, Guildford (Photograph: Bill Warhurst). 

Memorial services 

Mr WJ. Chalmers 
The Duke of Kent was repre- 
sented by Sir Edward Goschen 
at a service of thanksgiving for 
the life of Mr WJ. Chalmers 
held in Hereford Cathedral 
yesterday. The Dean of Her- 
eford. the Very Rev Peter 
Haynes, officiated. Captain 
Thomas Dunne, Lord Licutrn- 
am of Herefordshire, read the 
lesson and the Bishop of 
Hereford pronounced the bless- 

Mr A. Sandies 
A memorial service for Mr 
Arthur Sandies was held at St 
Bride's. Fleet Street, yesterday. 
Canon John Oates officiated 
and Mr David Bell read the 
lesson. Mr Jasper Crisp read 
“Regret not me", by Thomas 
Hardy, and Mr Geoffrey 
Dickinson read “I do. I will, ] 
have”, by Ogden Nash. The' 
Rev Harry Dickens gave an 

Professor E. Stamp 
A memorial service for Profes- 
sor Edward Stamp was held in 
the Chaplaincy Centre, Lan- 
caster University, yesterday. 
The Rev William Cave offici- 
ated. Mr Merlon Allans read 
the lesson and addresses were 
given by Professor H.J. 
Han ham. Vice-Chancellor. Mr 
T.R. Walls and Mr J.M. Cope. 

Eagle House School 

Details of the celebrations 
planned to mark the centenary 
of the move of Eagle House 
from Wimbledon to Sandhurst 
in 1886 have been sent to old 
boys, parents of past pupils, 
and former staff whose ad- 
dresses are known. Those who 
would like invitations, but 
have not yet been contacted, 
are asked to write to the 
Headmaster. Eagle House. 
Sandhurst. Camber ley, Surrey, 
GU17 8 PH. as soon as pos- 
sible. On June 14. 1986, there 
will be a commemoration 
service in the morning and a 
supper party for ok) boys in the 

Award for singer 

Sir Harry Secombe is to be 
made an honorary doctor of 
music by the University of 
Wales. The 64-year-old singer 
and entertainer who was boro 
in Swansea will be returning 
there next July to receive the 
degree from the Prince of 
Wales, chancellor of the 

Sale room 

Romantic call of 
Jacobite glass 

By Garaldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 
The Stuart claim on the (estimate £8,000 - £12,000) 

paid by M Kowacek, a dealer 
from Vienna, for a beaker of 

British throne, the most 
romantic of lost causes, was 
extensively recorded on the 
drinking glasses of their loyal 
supporters and examples 
were in strong demand at 
Sotheby's yes today. 

The rarest was the Amen 
glass, so called because its 
trumpet bowl Is engraved 
with the word, surmounted by 
the Old Pretender’s initials 
and his crown and flanked by 
the Jacobite anthem. It sold 
for £14300 (estimate £12,000 
- £15,000); the last Amen 
glass at Sotheby’s made 
£13,750 just over a year ago, 
so there was a modest 
advance in price. 

A Jacobite wise glass on a 
knopped air-twist stem en- 
graved with die usual rose 
ami two buds, symbolising 
the Old Pretender and bis 
two sous, was tinned into the 
type of rarity collectors com- 
pete for by the mrasnal motto 
Turno tempos erit and sold 
for tAJOUO (estimate £1,500 - 
£ 2 , 000 ). 

Two rare Jacobite portrait 
firing glasses made £2£60 
and £3,080 (estimate £2,000 - 
£2^00 each). 

There was a buoyant mar- 
ket for English glass with 
some exceptionally high 
prices, such as £2^10 (esti- 
mate £60 0 - £800) for a part- 
coloured wine glass of about 
1760; the bowl and foot are 
green with a dear stem 
enclosing an opaque twist 
Only five similar glasses are 

The Continental glass was 
less popular and there were 
some major hems unsold, 
such as the Venetian-style 
painted goblet of about 1570- 
1590 which was bought in at 
£9.000 (estimate £12,000 - 

The top price was £16£00 

about 1810; it is decorated in 
transparent enamel with a 
charming view of Meissen, 
with the river Elbe in the 
foreground. The topographi- 
cal connection was dearly the 
main reason for the high 
price. The glass sale totalled 
£221,650 with 12 per cent left 

Christie’s morning sale of 
British ceramics concentrated 
on pottery together with a 
small section of Worcester 
porcelain. There was a lot of 
strong bidding from America 
and prices were buoyant 
throughout, making a total of 
£146.772 with only 5 per cent 
left unsold. 

The Wedgwood collectors 
were paying for rarity, more 
or less irrespective of the 
charm of the item. A white 
jasper baby, redinmg on a 
green jasper wrap on a violet 
jasper base, dating from 
about 1785, was an extreme 
rarity and made £10,800 
(estimate £6,000 - £8,000). A 
Mack basalt figure of the dog 
called ‘‘Trump**, which be- 
longed to Hogarth, modelled 
for Wedgwood by the sculptor 
Roubiliac was less popular, 
selling for £2,700 

Among the early pottery, 
collectors were paying a 
pr emi um for pieces bearing 
dates or inscriptions or hav- 
ing some historic association. 

The South Kensington sci- 
ence museum spent £2,052 
(estimate £24)00 - £3,000) to 
secure a Urge saltgbzed 
stoneware bottle, of about 
1750, with an inscription 
commemorating the miracu- 
lous recovery of a man 
crippled by gout after be 
drank Iron Peartree Water, 
the eighteenth-century equiv- 
alent of Perrier. 

Science report 

Enter the era of supercomputers 

By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 

Two rival Forms of computer 
architecture, both deemed to 
be fundamental to the design 
and operation of 
supercomputers capable of 
complex parallel or concur- 
rent processing, are being 
developed within feet of each 
other on the campus of the 
California Institute of Tech- 
nology (Caltech) in Pasadena. 

The principal problem now 
for the research teams is bow 
to interconnect the machines* 
components to achieve opti- 
mum efficiency. 

One system uses silicon 
building blocks and electronic 
communication links in its 
design and the other uses 
light as its principal trans- 
mission medium, and 
holograms and crystals mod- 
elled on the way neurons 
(brain cells) are interconnect- 
ed as its components. 

The silicon-technology re- 
searchers will hare designed 

and built a supercomputer by 
this spring capable of solving 
complex astro-physics equa- 
tions io a fraction of the time 
taken previously and of giving 
answers to some that have 
never been tackled. 

The machine, considered 
by the researchers to be the 
first real supercomputer, is 
the third generation of a 
design first osed two years 

That first machine had 64 
computers or nodes connected 
In cubic fashion where eight 
microcomputers are placed at 
tbe corners of a cube to the 
nth degree. 

Each computer component 
had the power of an IBM 
microcompater. It was the 
work of the computer science 
department at Caltech. A 
second generation was to 
evolve with 128 
nodesdccording to a report in 
Nature of February 21. The 

new computer will have 256 
nodes and will eventually be 
extended to 1024. 

The rival computer archi- 
tecture being developed at 
Caltech explores optical elec- 
tronic technology and tbe 
design of the computer is 
based on a model of die 
human brain. 

The research is being 
pursued by Demetri Psaltis. 
assistant professor of electri- 
cal engineering at Caltech. 
His experiments have been 
inspired by tbe work of John 
HopfiehL who is also at 
Caltech. Hopfield devised the 
mathematics defining how 
neurons interconnect and are 
capable of associated memo- 

Psaltis has successfully 
developed a modest 
optoelectronic computer illus- 
trating associated memory, 
considered to be fundamental 
to advanced computer design. 

Ulster cuts 
bridge lead 

Northern Ireland reduced 
England's lead at the top of the 
table in the Home Countries 
Bridge International Series for 
the Camrose Cup by beating 
Wales at Glengormley, near 
Belfast, by 55 to 35 while 
England beat Scotland at Glas- 
gow by 48 to 42. The final 
match between the two leaders 
will be played at tbe Linton 
Lodge Hotel. Oxford, on the 
March 15 to 16. Tbe teams 

SjlS Brtjgk. A RMnWnJ 
M AmwtronOL C T Klrtry: PM 
swtwm. s rfiren. Nmmuytoa Cap- 

fwijmf b-eOmSf B Saup r. H ca rnp- 
txll: M Rooen R Anderson: R 
Burns. L Rosent>«* Non-nUytnp. 
Captain S Han. 

Scotland: B ShenWn. V SUverstonn H 
w Kelsey. J MotvHtfe: D Diamond. J 
Arthur. Non-ptaytng. Canute C D 
Bowman. __ 

Wales. P D Jourdabv, R Upton: Or D 
Hardy. O Martin: A Thomas. C 
Evans. Non-playlnQ. Captain J 

Vlfyr Vg Y 

Standings: England 118: Northern 
Ireland 105: Scotland 82: wales 52. 

Latest wills 

Miss Joan Stella Valentin 
Fletcher, of Ascot, left estate 
valued at £513,412 net. After 
bequests totalling £86.250 and 
effects she left the residue to 
the Middlesex Hospital Medi- 
cal School. 

Young. Mr William John, of 
Kensington. London . £353.508 

Church news 
New Dean of 

The Rev Michael Mayne, Vicar 
of Great St Mary's, Cambridge, 
tbe university church, has been 
appointed Dean of West- 
minster in succession to the 
Very Rev Edward Carpenter. 


Th* R*v N J Aiken, curate. 
Aantead. S» Cww and SI Glim. 
(Uorese or be diocesan 
youth of [ leer, same cHocese __ 

net K Boyce. Team Vicar. Oiurrti 
or i he Hdy Sortt. Leicester, and 
Chaplain lo Letcnter Ptrtywauvlc. 
diocese of Leicester, lo be Vlojr. 
Asrwood Bank, and chaplain lo Ihe 
deaf, diocese of Wore ester. 

The Rei R E Carter, resident 
Minister. Cateiswall. diocese of Lich- 
field. io be vicar. BJddulnti. same 

Prebendary N CoBlnos. Rector. St 
Nicholas. Hereford, director of Or 
dmaitds and posi-ordlnalloo Iratnlno. 
diocese of Hereford, and domestic 
Chaplain lo Ihe Bishop Of Hereford, lo 
be Hector. Harpenden. diocese of 81 

The Rex A I Dalion. curate. SI 
AMan and Cnny Church. Carlisle, 
diocese ol Carlisle io be curate. 
Cji restrain and MapUWurham. di- 
ocese of Oxford 

The Ret C S Derrtman. parish 
priest. SI Luke’s. Camberwell. dtOCCSe 
of Southwark, to be Vicar, same 
parish, same diocese 

The Re i D C Felix. Vicar. 
SeMthford-w-Derrlnqlon. diocese of 
Lichfield. To be v*ar. Hanbury w 
NewDoroush. same diocese. 

The Res O R D J un es. Rector. 
Basehureh w Weston Lulllndfieid and 
Hordley. diocese of UrhfieM. lo be 
also Rural Dean of Ellesmere, same 

The Res l T HoWerofr. deputy 
secretary. General Synod Board for 
Mission and Unity. Church ’ House. 
Westminster, and honorary curate, si , 
Mary's. Sauersca. dtoccse of South- 
wark. lo be vicar. Whltechurrfs. , 
BrtsfoL diocese of Bristol. 


Champion of moderate nationalist tradition 

in Irish life 

Mr lames Mathew Dillon 
who died yesterday al the age 
of 83. was a leading Irish 
politician for many years, and 
had been leader of the Fine 
Gael Party and Minister of 

Throughout his career he 
was tbe foremost champion of 
the moderate nationalist tra- 
dition in Irish life. He was the 
only public figure of note to 
oppose that country's war- 
time neutrality; yet he sur- 
vived that isolation to 
become a senior government 
minister and later Leader of 
the Opposition. 

He was a stylish figure, an 
able parliamentarian and one 
of the finest public speakers of 
his time. 

Born in 1902, he was one of 
several distinguished sons of 
John Dillon, the last leader of 
the Irish Nationalist Party at 
Westminster, and of his w fie 
Elizabeth, who was the daugh- 
ter of Lord Justice Mathew, 
the founder of tbe English 
Commercial Court. 

Dillon's paternal grand- 
father was John Blake Dillon, 
MP, one of tbe leaders of tbe 
Young Ireland movement, so 
that he was heir to a long- 
standing tradition of public 
service, which influenced him 

His schooling took place m 
Ireland at the lfi-fated school 
which tbe Downside monks 
had established at Mount St 
Benedict in Gorey. From 
there he went to University 
College, Dublin, and later 
spent several years in Britain 
and America, training to enter 
the family business in County 

In 1932 he was elected lo 
the Irish parliament and 
within a short period became 
deputy leader of the main 
opposition party to Mr de 
Valera's government. He was 
a severe and sardonic critic of 
the Messianic attitudes of de 
Valera, and an unrelenting 
opponent of the extreme 
nationalist policies, of the de 
Valera government. In 
particular, he denounced the 
economic war with Britain 

and the renunciation of the 
Dominion status accepted un- 
der the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 

1921. . , 

In 1942, Dillon resigned 
from the Fine Gael party on 
the issue of their support for 
Irish neutrality in the War 
He argued that Britain would 
be blockaded into submission 
unless the Allies could use the 
Irish pons to attack the Ger- 
man U-Boats. , 

This stand was an an ot 
considerable political cour- 
age. and was symptomatic ot 
the immense value which Dil- 
lon attached to the mainte- 
nance of political democracy 
and of his sense of the essen- 
tial identity of Irish interests 
with those of Britain and the 
United Slates. 

In 1948, although still an 
Independent, he became Min- 
ister of Agriculture in the in- 
ter-party government which 
ousted de Valera. This gov- 
ernment took the Republic of 
Ireland out of the Common- 
wealth, a measure Dillon sup- 
ported on tbe basis that the 
tenuous links maintained by 
the 1937 Constitution were 
valoeiess and hypocritical, 
and served only to provoke 
violence among political ex- 
tremists; co-operation with 
Britain would be best 
achieved outside the 

Consistent with this view- 
point was the Anglo-Irish 
Trade Agreement which Dil- 
lon played a prominent part 
in negotiating. This provided 
for preferential industrial tar- 
iffs between the two countries 
and for easier access to Brit- 
ain for Irish agricultural prod- 
ucts. With characteristic 
extravagance and pic- 
turesqueness of phrase, Dillon 
announced his intention of 
“drowning Britain with eggs.” 

He was a successful min- 
ister. and by his policies of 
land rehabilitation and the 
institution of a technical ad- 
visory service at parish level, 
he did much to revive Irish 

In 1951, the inter-party 
government resigned and de 

Valera returned to office. At 
this stage, Dillon rejoiced ihe 
Fine Gael party. He was again 
Minister of .Agriculture. i n Uic 
second inter-party govern, 
meot from 1954-1957. 
Following its defeat he be- 
came leader of Hoc Gael and 
succeeded Mr Ccntefio a* 
Leader of the Opposition. 5 

He was successful in reviv- 
ing the fallen fortunes of bis 
party. His policy of oppo- 
sition to compulsory Gaelic 
in school examinations and 
for appointments to the pub- 
lic service was widely sup- 
ported and in the general 
election of 196!, die party 
achieved substantial gains. 

This progress was not 
maintained, partly because of 
the unprecedented economic 
growth which Ireland enjoyed 
in the early 1966s. A farther 
important factor was the su- 
perior organisation of the 
government party under Mr 
Lemass. who had succeeded^ 
de Valera as Premier and 
leader of Hanna FaiL 

Dillon was less adept at 
debating specific details of 
policy than at proclaiming 
broad principles no longer in 
dispute; His patrician, old- 
world demeanour was fah by 
many to be out of touch with 
the modern society Ireland 
aspired to be, and some youn- 
ger members of his party felt 
that it should shift to the left 
and advocate more rigid eco- 
nomic p lanning . 

Following the 1965 general 
election in which Fine Gael 
failed to make any impression 
on the government's major- 
ity. he decided to retire. 

It was his firm conviction 
that every branch of fife 
Ireland had suffered too long 
through old men hanging on, 
and be was determined not to 
be one of them. He declined 
to allow his name to go for- 
ward for the Presidency in 
1966 and he left public life 
shortly afterwards. 

A man of deep religious 
conviction, he said he needed 
time alone, to prepare his 


Mrs Phyllis Shand Alifrey 
who died in Dominica on 
February 5, at the age of 70, 
was a prominent figure in the 
political life of the island as 
well as bring a novelist and 

Her novel The Orchid 
House, forgotten for two 
decades, achieved well de- 
served recognition as a West 
Indian classic, on its republi- 
cation in 1982. 

A white West Indian and a 
Fabian Socialist, rite was 
born in the Dominica of the 
years before tbe First World 
War, so well described by her 
fellow novelist Jean Rhys, 
with whom she kept up a 
correspondence. Critics have 
noted that Rhys's master- 
piece, Wide Sargasso Sea. 
has echoes of The Orchid 
House, which Alifrey had 
sent her many years before, 
on its first publication in 

Well received in Britain 
and France,where it appeared 
ro translation in 1954, The 
Orchid House was written 

"out of nostalgia” in London, 
where she lived for a period 
after having married an 
engineer. Richard Alifrey. 

Her father, Francis Byam 
Berkeley Shand, had come to 
Dominica from Antigua as a 
young lawyer; through him 
she was kin to Sir Thomas 
Warner, the founding father 
of British settlement in the 
West Indies. Her mother was 
the daughter of a doctor who 
had settled in Dominica. Sir 
Henry NicfaoUs. and his wife, 
bora in Martinique and 
descended from as unde of 
the Empress Josephine. 

In J954 Phyllis Shand 
Alifrey returned with her 
husband to Dominica where 
she rapidly became involved 
in trade union and Labour 
Party activity. This cost her 
husband his job and the 
Allfreys returned briefly to 
England, but returned in 
1957 when Phyllis was elect- 
ed one of die West Indies 
Federation MPs for Domini- 
ca and appointed Minister of 

Labour and Social Affairs in 
the Federal Cabinet. 

This involved her in mov- 
ing to Port of Spain. TriniY 
dad, the Federal capital, but 
when tbe Federation was 
dissolved in 1962 she re- 
turned to Dominica. Howev- 
er she found that she had 
been pushed to the sidelines 
of Dominican politics and in 
due course rite left the 
Dominica Labour Party 

She became editor of a 
weekly paper, the Dominica 
Herald, and subsequently of a 
small paper, the Dominica 
Star, owned and published by 
her husband, and worked 
ceasely to encourage the 
young people of the island to 
literary activity, living simply 
in an old sugar estate water 

A local girl and two Carib 
boys adopted ihe Allfreys 
parents and took their name. 

She continued to write 
poems and in her last years 
was working on a second 
novel, set in the period of the 
Federal Cabinet 


A correspondent writes; 

Major Gregory Blaxland, 
soldier and author, died on 
February 4 al the age of 67. 

When bis military career 
was abruptly ended by polio 
in 1954, Blaxland turned to 
writing and, although con- 
fined to a wheelchair, he 
became established as a 
member of Britain's elite 
corps of military historians. 
At his death he was two- 
thirds of the way through a 
history of the British infantry 
from the Battle of Hastings 

Gregory Blaxland, son of 
the senior surgeon at Nor- 
wich Hospital, went to 
Charterhouse and into the 
Royal East Kent Regiment in 
1939. After wartime service 
in France, North Africa and 

Italy be was in Kenya 
fighting the Mau Mau when 
he was struck down by polio. 

For an active man and an 
enthusiastic race rider it was 
a particular blow, but without 
ado he addressed himself to a 
profession whose logistic de- 
mands would have deterred a 
lesser man. 

Sustained by his wife, 
Elizabeth, he made a success- 
ful debut with a life of J.H. 
Thomas, the prewar Labour 
politician, and then launched 
into a series of works 
amounting to a testament to 
the British soldier. 

These included The Regi- 
ments depart a history of the 
British Army. / 945-70, which 
was well received on its 
appearance; Destination Dun- 
kirk: Alexander’s Generals: 

and The Plain Cook and the 
Great Showman which ex- 
plained the disparate roles of 
the First and Eighth Armies 
in North Africa. 

The British Army has had 
able spokesmen, but hone 
.more eloquent 

Mr Arthur Joseph Bouse, 
CMG, OBE, who died on 
January 31 at the age of 84, 
was an ophthalmologist wbqg 
served with the Uganda 
Medical Service from 1924 to 
1956 After his retirement 
from Uganda he became 
Warden of the Ophthalmic 
Hospital of the Order of St 
John of Jerusalem. He was a 
past president of the East 
African Association of Sur- 

Law Report February 111 986 Court of Appeal 

Refusal of leave to enter is sufficient statement of reasons 

Regina » Secretary of State 
for tbe Home Department, Ex 
parte Swati 

Before Sir John Donaldson. 
Master of the Rolls. Lord 
Justice Stephen Brown and 
Lord Justice Parker 
[Judgment given February 10} 

A statement by an immigra- 
tion officer refusing a person 
leave to enter the United 
Kingdom as a visitor for one 
week that she was not satisfied 
that he was genuinely seeking 
entry only for that limited 
period was a sufficient “state- 
ment of the reasons" for the 
purpose of regulation 4dRa) ol 
the Immigration Appeals (No- 
tices) Regulations (SI 1984 No 
2040k and it was necessary to 
show at least an arguable case 
that the decision was unreason- 
able in order to obtain leave to 
move for judicial review. Since 
there was a well-established 
appeal procedure in immigra- 
tion cases judicial review 
would not be granted save in 
exceptional cases. 

Although there was an inher- 
ent jurisdiction to giant bail, it 
should, only be exercised in 
exceptional cases, and only if 

leave to apply for judicial 
review had been granted. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
when giving reasons for refus- 
ing. on January 31. an applica- 
tion by Taj Mohd Swati for 
leave to apply for judicial 
review of the decision of an 
immigration officer refusing 
him leave to enter the United 
Kingdom, following the refusal 
of his application by the 
Queen’s Bench Divisional 
Court on January. 27 1986 
{The Times January 30. 1986). 

Mr Louis Blom-Cooper, QC 
and Mr K. A. Quddps for tbe 
applicant; Mr John Laws far 
the secretary of stale. 

ROLLS said that the grounds 
on which relief was soiwht 
were that the applicant satisfied 
the requirements of rule 1 7 of 
the Statement of Changes in 
Immigration Rules (HC 169, 
February 9. I9S3) and that the 
decision of the immigration 
officer was based on mere 
suspicion and not on facts. 

If the applicant were to 
obtain leave he had to satisfy 
the coun that he had an 

arguable case for judicial re- 
view on the Bounds of 
illegality, irrationality or pro- 
cedural impropriety. Illegality 
had never been alleged, and the 
only procedural irregularity 
suggested was that the notice 
given to the applicant inad- 
equately explained why entry 
had been refused- Subject lo 
that point the application bad 
to rest on the alleged irrational-, 
ity of the decision. 

The ground of procedural 
irregularity was based on the 
1984 Regulations, which pro- 
vided that written notice of any 
decision which was appealable 
should include a statement of 
the reasons far the decision or 
action to which it related. 

Mr Blom-Cooper submitted 
that far an immigration officer 
to say that he was not satisfied 
that an applicant for leave to 
enter was genuinely seeking 
entry only for the limited 
period which he had specified 
was a conclusion upon the 
evidence, and that what was 
required was something dif- 
ferent namely reasons for that 

What was a reason sufficient 

to comply with the regulations 
was to be determined by tbe 
answers to two questions; what 
was the relevant decision or 
action and why the person 
concerned look that decision or 

The answer to the latter 
question provided the reasons 
which had to be stated. No 
doubt those reasons, if rational, 
would be based on a process of 
reasoning applied to evidence 
and. to that extent, might be 
described as a conclusion from 
that evidence. 

That did not prevent that 
conclusion from being the 
reason for the decision or 
action which was appealable 
and it was for that reason that 
the Regulations called. 

The immigration officer, by 
specifying that she was not 
satisfied that the applicant was 
genuinely seeking entry only 
for the limited period of one 
week, not only told the 
applicant why she was refusing 
him leave to enter, but also, by 
implication, that he had sat- 
isfied her on all other matters 
on which he had to satisfy her. 

What Mr Blom-Cooper was 

seeking to achieve was a 
written statement of tbe facts 
relating to tbe refusal of leave 
to enter in addition to the 
reasons for that refusal. Thai 
could be done only by leaving 
the country and then giving 
notice of appeal. 

An applicant for judicial 
review had to show that be bad 
ait arguable case. The facts 
alleged by the applicant did no 
more than su gg est that he 
might not have appeared as 
credible to tbe immigration 
officer as. he would have 
wished, although the theoreti- 
cal possibility that she might 
have misdirected herself must 
always exist in the basenoe of 
evidence of how she did direct 

The decision itself was pot so 
surprising as to cause his 
Lordship to wonder whether h 
might be flawed on the ground 
of irrationality. 

Tbe matter did not stop 
there because it was well 
established that In giving or 
refusing leave to apply for 
judicial review account had to 
be taken of alternative rem- 
edies available to the applicant 

In R v Chief Constable of 
Merseyside. Ex parte Cajvetey 
a 1 986] 2 WLR 144) it had 
been held that the jurisdiction 
would not be exercised where 
there was an alternative rem- 
edy by way of appeal, save in 
exceptional circumstances. 

Where Parliament provided 
an appeal procedure judicial 
review would have no place 
unless the applicant could 
distinguish his case from the 
type of case for which the 
appeal procedure had been 

Tbe applicant’s case was 
wholly indistinguishable from 
the general run of cases where 
someone arrived in the United 
Kingdom and was dissatisfied 
becasue he had been refused 
leave to enter. He should not 
be allowed to pursue it by way 
of judicial review. 

As the applicant was in legal 
custody and the court was 
agreed that leave to apply far 
judicial review should be re- 
fused no question of bail arose: 

There was an inherent juris- 
diction to grant bail, but in the 
light of the statutory powers 
available to tbe secretary of 

state and to adjudicators it 
would only be in exceptional 
cases that it should be ex- 
ercised and only if leave to 
apply for judicial review had 
been granted. 

Many visitors and other 
intending immigrants who 
.were refused leave to enter 
were well aware that it was not 
the practice of the Home Office 
. to arrange far their removal if 
either a member of Parliament 
had indicated that he wished to 
consider their case with a view 
to making representations or 
the person concerned had 
indicated an intention to apply 
for leave lo bring proceedings 
for judicial review. 

They were also aware that in 
many cases temporary ad- 
mission would be granted, 
which, subject to any special 
conditions imposed, conferred 
many of the advantages which 
would have been secured if 
leave lo enter had been 

It would be inappropriate for 
a judg e to say anything about 
represenianoas by members of 
Parliament to the secretary of 
state or about what action 

should be taken in response.* 
Different considerations ap- 
plied to the secretary of state's 
reaction to being informed that 
an intending immigrant was to 
apply for leave to seek judicial 

The power of the court to 
stay tite decision which was 
impugned and to grant boil 
would be in no way interfered 
with if applicants for leave to 
apply for judicial review were 
held in custody, rather 
being granted temporary «#. 
mission and the temptation to 
abuse the powers of tbe court, 
which was noted in the 
judgment of the Divisional 
Court, would be substantially 
reduced if that course were 
adopted. Whether ft should be 
done was not a matter for the 
court, but its adoption would 
in no way inhibit the exercise 
of the powers of the court. 

Lord Justice Stephen Brow# 
and Lord Justice Barker deliv- 
ered concurring ju dgme nts 

Solicitors: A.T.M. Abdullah 
& Ot.. East Ham; Treasury 
Soha tor. 

IiMM £j* #jl£o { 








Last September’s earthquake 
in Mexico devastated a coun- 
try struggling t» pay the Tlfiare of Man 
interest on its awesome UI IViail 

national debt. International Barracan Concourse 
reaction was coloured by the " 

the 4opie The Human Touch: 

3SSC SculPtoe of the 

(Granada) revealed, the steel Hmnail Figure 

E&“itaS£J5 British Museum 

contractors and ' 

Man who changed 

of stone 

■ *. 'ft.- . OMtMJV'-v } 

;V Sip 

* . . . • government 

officials who allowed the 
property boom of the 1970s 
to mushroom with no 
thought to the citizens' safety 
• . in a known earthquake zone. 
With oriental dispasdon, a 
civil engineer who lost four 
. of his family in the disaster 
likened building on the dried 
■i lake-bed of Mexico City to 
parking a car on a plate of 
porridge. High-rise blocks are 
stabilized by foundation rafts 

■ requiring monthly mainle- 
- nance — that maintenance 

■ was skimped. Infinitely more 
chill-making: it was pr imari ly 
the public buildings dm* 

■ collapsed. The heaviest 
of life occurred in the central 
hospital which now lies in a 
graveyard of wrong concrete 
beside a 300-year-old church 

-■ that survived imriamagwl 
Much damning evidence of 
criminal neglect is available 
^ 7 from footage of the rescue 
operation, when giant con- 
crete beams entirely innocent 
of reinforcing rods were 
sheared through by the sim- 
j plest cutting machinery. 

A One was left wondering 
what left-handed dodge the 
commission of inquiry wiD 
: resort to for the purpose of 
saving face. Meanwhile; the 
government's main priori 
with 30,000 dead and 15, 
still homeless, is to dean up 
the capital’s streets in time 
for the World Cop finals in 

It was reconstruction that 
exercised our own Govern- 
ment in the mid- 1940s, when 
the drive to replace the 
population lost in the war 
gave rise to the Beveridge 
Plan, the establishment’s way 
of apologizing to the working 
class. Mothers Drat Forget 
(Channel 4), the second in a 
series of three, intercut cosy 

■ monologues from modem 
mums describing their expe- 
rience of the State benefit 
system with wartime prxipa- 

. ganda films hailing the com- 
ing dawn. Additional inserts 
(without comment) of 1980s 
newspaper headlines bowling 
about “the cuts" prompted a 
question which has been 
asked before and which must 
be asked again: what could 
Goebbels not have achieved 
with television at his dispos- 

Martin Cropper 


the Body 

logy Centre 

Earlier generations would have 
found it difficult to imagin g that g 
show such as Image of Man, in the 
Barbican Concourse gallery until 
March 9, could crane to us with 
something like a shock of novehy. 
They might understand our surprise 
with reference to specific sculptures,'' 
for how, they might ask, could we 
recognize Barbara Hepworth’s Head 
(Raj of 1972 as an “image of man** 
at all? But in general what could be 
more natural and expected, since the 
human face, the human head a n d 
the human body were so evidently 
the staple subject of art? 

That Image of Man is an mn«nri 
exhibition simply indicates the 
distance that even the most conser- 
vative of us have travelled from 
traditional expectations of western 
art during this century. We certainly 
do not take it for granted any more 
that all sculptors will be primarily 
interested in somehow rendering the 
living body, most commonly of 
humans, but if not at least of the 
higher arnmak, 

Yet here we have an anthology of 
sculpted human fiwuk, sometimes 
with a bust attached but more 
frequently not, and virtually all of 
them from the last 100 years: only 
three of the 58, Daumier’s lively, 
caricatural The Man with the Large 
Wig (Louis XIV), Vincenzo 
Gemito's hero-worshipping 
Giuseppe Verdi and the earliest of 
the five . Rodins, -are earlier than 
1886. The Daumier and the Gemito 
each make a specific point in 
relation to what conies after; by 
reminding ns of a coherent tradition 
in which caricature made a special 
sort of sense and portraiture was . 
expected to be elevated to an heroic 

Rodin more than myone else put 
an end to all that. His Balzac 
monument of 1898, for which these 
is a Large Head Andy here; dazed to 
be at <»ce heroic and caricatural, 
boldly naturalistic and . highly styl- 
ized, elegant and ungainly. It held 
withm it9elf almost all the posabih- 
-ties of twentiefo-century sculpture 
and it* -approaches to the subject- 
matter of the Iranian body, even, in 
its final; almost completely envel- 
oped form, that of abstraction to the 
point of unrecognizabttfty. 

The rest of the show indicates 
how later sculptors selected among 
the manifold possibilities offered by 
Rodin. Saw pointed trot that Ibsen 
repressed a watershed in drama: “A 
modem manager need not produce 

The Wild Duck, but he must be very 
careful not to produce a play which 
will seem insipid and ohWashioned 
to playgoers who have seen The 
Wild Duck, even though they may 
have hissed iC* The same observa- 
tion applies exactly to Rodim even 
for sculptors who vociferously disap- 
proved of what be was doing, 
sculpture- could never be the same 

Most of the sculptures in the show 
demonstrate, through variations on 
the theme of the t m in a Ti head,' ini 
how many and various ways the 
challenge of Rodin has been met 
The works are almost all in bronze 
(though they include one rare wax 
original by the “impressionist” 
sculptor Medardo Rosso, one wood- 
.carviug and rate large ceramic), 

- which gives to the collection a 
consistency transcending the diversi- 
ty. - 

And the ext ra or dinary array of 
works by major figures from 
Bourdelle to Brancusi, Maillol to 
Modigliani, Ernst to Kollwitz, 
Lehmbruck to Wotruba, provides ns 
with so much food feu: thought one 
can only re gret that Peter Stuyvesant 
did not extend their sponsorship to 
providing toe authoritative cata- 
logue so imperatively called for as 
well as assembling the works 
. themselves. . . 

Not, let me haulm to arid, fhaf 
The Image of Man is not perfectly 
capable of speaking for itself; to the 
eye-and sometimes to the heart. By 
the convention of the moment there 
is another sense that it is prohibited 
from addressing, and a peculiarly 
sculptural one at that the sense of 
touch. With toe heavy emphasis we 
place today on conservation, han- 
dling sculpture is, in y « w« aV not 
approved of and no doubt rightly so . 
if we remember St Peter’s toe, not to 
mention toe less evident hazards of 
chemical reaction. 

All the same, toe show of 
sculpture at the Tale Gallery a few 
years ago which was specifically for 

- blind people was a revelation to 
those tew righted people (mostly 

- critics) privileged- to be let loose 
among toe tactile wonders. Now toe 
British Museum has a show. The 
w— ■ Trad: S c ri p ture of toe 
H™n Figrae (until March 16), 
Much is meant to. be explored with 
toe fingas, and is open to 

Through being for once, aide to 
touch, one does find out new thing s , 
about- rid and possibly rather 

. hackne y e d works of art (hackneyed 
genetically, that is, since naturally 
we are being invited to touch works 
from the museum’s reserves rather • 
torn mayor m as terpieces). We -real- - 
ize, for instance, that there is not 
much- to be gained artistically from. 

marble igure of The Good^Shcpherd. 
as tiro material is too pitted and 
abraded for us to make closer 
contact with the sculptor and his 
intentions. On the other hand, it is 
wonderful to be able to let one’s 
fingers play over the intricate pleats 
of toe garment on toe Pharoah 


Satirical delights 




Gennadi Rozhdestvensky is 
back with the London Sym- 
phony Orchestra for a series 
of four Barbican concerts 
and, if Sunday night’s first is 
anything to go by, they will 
certainly strengthen the long- 
term bond between them. 

Rozhdestvensky's Stravin- 
sky is a force to be reckoned 
with and, after his Firebird 
on Sunday, one can only wait 
impatiently for The Rite of 
Spring which ends toe series 
on February 20. But we are 
bring treated to his Prokofiev 
as well: Alexander Nevsky 
next Sunday and, for the time 
being, the suite from Lieuten- 
ant Kije and excerpts from 
Romeo and Juliet. 

Rozhdestvensky under- 
stands nkdy the coexistence 
in Prokofiev's music of the 
satiric observation of the 
adult and the delighted eye of 
the child, and he balances 
them on the very end of his 
long, darting baton to irresist- 
ible effect Lieutenant Kije 
was born with a flick of the 
wrist, the arching of an 
eyebrow, and a minutely 
calculated balance between 
offstage cornet and muted 
orchestra. That finesse of 
judgement epitomized the 

entire' dean, silver-tipped 
reading with its miraculously 
urbane trumpet and horn 
solos and its most delicate 
shadings of time and dis- 

Romeo and Julia , too, 
showed Rozhdestvensky's 
cunning in playing off toe 
acoustic, his players* tem- 
peraments and the orchestra- 
tion one against the other. He 
created an extraordinary 
echo-chamber effect with 
sudden, hushed violins cring- 
ing under an unusually com- 
pressed opening tutti 
eresendo: and. at toe Death 
of Tybah, be incited each 
string instrument to frenetic 
individual activity within the 
music's massive weight Best 
of all, Rozhdestvensky would 
never allow his players to go 
too far at the top of a phrase. 
The drama was fierce but 
contained: no facile staccato 
for the young Juliet, no 
screeching violins for the 

The low point of toe 
evening was Rachmaninov's 
Second Piano Concerto. Kaz- 
une Shimizu delivered his 
solo port with a cool, hard 
exactitude, disturbingly 
voiceless and, for all its 
tecbnicial virtuosity, played 
alongside rather than with 
the orchestra in a chill and 
curiously relentless isolation. 

Hilary Finch 

Unforced weight 

i of Rodire Rouen, a bronze by 

Corrado Cagii (b.1910) from linage of Man 

Nectanebo /, as toe black granite is 
as crisp (and elsewhere as smooth) 
as toe day it was carved in the 
fourth century BG 

We also probably find ourselves 
observing, perhaps with slight em- 
barrassment, the different implica- 
tions of touching from those of 
merely looking. It would be interest- 
ing to have hidden cameras trained 
on at least two of the figures, a tiny, 
sensuously female marble figurine 
from .third-century BC Syria or 
Mesopotamia ^rad a larger, obtru- 
sively male wooden figure from 
Nigeria from early in our . own 
'century.-^ ... 

••• Surely the patterns of response 
and withdrawal what is fondled 
unselfconsciously and what is metic- 
ulously avoided, would teU us a lot 
about our own attitudes to sexuality 
as well as the advantages and pitfalls 
of the sculptor’s ait. For where, 
amid the mixed emotions with 
which we handle evidently sexual 
artefacts, does the purely (or not so 
rade off i 

strictly aesthetic? Is it possible to 
(haw the line? Is there any point in 
our even trying? 

For anyone interested in carrying 
toe study of the human body and 
the relations of hs understanding to 
art, there is a marginal but intriguing 
show called Mapping the Body at 
the London Ecology Centre, 45 
Shelton Street, Covent Garden, until 
the aid of toe month. This proves to 
be a didactic exhibition, related to a 
-series of Tuesday-night seminars at 
the ICA, about the differing ideas of | 
toe h uman body, its physical and 
spiritual structure, which have 
obtained in various cultures, oriental 
and occidental ancient and modem. 

The subject is fascinating and full 
of implications for the arts in 
general; moreover, the maps of the 
body actually produced, even with 
purely scientific intent, are often 
rather beautiful More originals 
would be desirable, not to mention a 
proper explanatory catalogue. But it 
is still well worth a short visit. 

OllMOV^ UK pLUWlJ W A UUI. 3U w * n m | 

purely) sensual shade off into toe JO till KUSSeil laylOT 


Festival Hall 

The sheer inspiration of 
Brahms's Violin Concerto 
always seems to take char ge 
of every performance it 
receives, but even so Miriam 
Fried's deeply committed 
recount of the solo part made 
for a memorable listening 
experience. Her remarkable 
1 mforced weight of tone 
allowed her to dominate toe 
proceedings whenever she 
needed to, even when the 
: conductor, Yuri Temirkanov, 
was not throttling back the 
accom parliament unduly. 

During me first movement 
she seemed concerned that 
her violin was slipping out of 
tune, but either this was less 
of a problem than she feared 
or she was concentrating very 

The music’s paragraphs 
were unfolded in long spans, 
articulated by an obviously 
formidable technical mastery, 
and, if some more gently 
floated tones in the Adagio 
would have been nice, (be 
Finale was swept along on a 
cascade of exhilarating dance- 
rhythms which had an enthu- 
siastic gentleman sitting just 
in front of me conducting 

almost as vigorously as 
Temirkanov himself. 

Temirkanov's batonless 
style is nothing if not 
expansive — sometimes he 
looks as if be is sweeping 
snow off a car windscreen 
with both forearms. But the 
orchestral results have energy 
and precision, Borodin's 
Prince Igor overture featuring 
some ensp interplay from the 
brass section.. Rimsky-Kor- 
sakov’s Scheherazade was 
less successful flawed by toe 
aU-too-familiar over-obvious- 
ness. This score can shimmer 
with a marvellous fairy-tail 
pc, but it needs a much 
touch than it got here. 

The Festival of Baghdad 
for instance was consistently 
driven too hard for the 
brilliant orchestration to 
speak as vividly as it should. 
Still this performance had its 
moments; The Tates of the 
Kalandar Prince was exciting- 
ly played, Temirkanov lay- 
ing close and effective 
attention to details of phras- 
ing. Sympathy is offered to 
Barry Griffiths, whose lovely 
concluding violin solo was 
ruined by some of the most 
disgustingly insensitive audi- 
ence coughing 1 have ever 

Malcolm Hayes 



Save the Wells 

Covent Garden 

“Oh God, the muddled 
thinking toe world can get to 
with the best intentions!” 
The expostulation was wrung 
from Ninette de Valois on 
stage at Covent Garden on 
Sunday night as, flanked by 
Alicia Markova and Freder- 
ick Ashton (three architects 
of British ballet, living na- 
tional treasures all *of them), 
she contemplated the possible 
effect of toe Arts Council's 
well-intentioned muddled 
thinking . on the future of 
Sadler’s Wells. 

We were there, the per- 
formers on stage, others in 
toe pit and behind the scenes, 
and a house pocked to the 
rafters, to try to convince Sir 
William and his Merry Men 
of their mistake and, from 
Ian McKellen’s introduction 
to Peggy Ashcroft’s final 
impersonation of toe late 
Li lian Baylis -begging and 
bu Dying for her beloved 
theatre, there was no mistak- 
ing toe mood. . 

Dame Ninette got it right 
again with her remark that 
bricks and mortar are _ **a 
subject I’m worried, excited 
and determined about". 

McKellen’s voice rightly 
tolled like a knell through toe 
show as, introducing one 
company after another, he 
pointed out that without the 

■]<;K \ 

r . ...\ 

X % X 

Nicholas Grace with Hs ebuffient Ettk list from Mikado 

Volcano Appeal 
Albert Hall 

This 3tt-hour concert, on 
behalf of the victims of the 
Nevado Del Ruiz eruption in 
November, was set in motion 
by Chucho Mercian, a jazz 
and session bass player onB- 
naBy from Bogota and. al- 
though the flavour was more 

like Sunday night at ti» 
London Palladium than Live 
Aid, toe cause was wen 

Cultural referen«-pom“ 
were established by the l*v^ 
percussive rhythms of thejo- 
pfece a Sonrdo de Lopdres, 
the Latin folk-musc of Joan 
Shcnton and the Cotombran 
prtit nance Group, wnose 

Wells their future would be 
in jeopardy. But this being a 
theatrical occasion (special 
credit to toe Royal Ballet 
dancers Mark Freeman and 
David Drew respectively pc 
suggesting it and or ganiz i n g 
it) there was lots of ran too, 
with dancers even busking 
for toe Wells in the interval 

There was singing as well 
as dancing. The quartet 
“What’s the User from 
Bernstein’s Candida and that 
famous little list from The 
Mikado (ebulliently itemized 
by Nickolas Grace) inevitably 
acquired some new words to 

routine, it must be said, 
resembled a rather dis- 
organised highland fling. In 
between, were short perfor- 
mances by the- soulful work- 
jpg Week and the screeching 
Jimmy Somerville’s Com- 
m unarts, a song from Jaki 
Graham and a surprise ap- 
pearance by Mike Oldfield 
who, accompanied by Maggie 
Reilly, played “Moon 

Despite inappropriate ref- 
erences to Woodstock, Steve 
Blacknell compered with 
some charm, and pidod up 
the baton with good grace 
when a so-called comedian, 
Harry Enfield, was rightly 
chivvied back to toe dressing- 
room by an audience 7™"™ 
impatient with his ret 
fivp “humour*' . , 

suit the occasion, bu t the , 
love scene far Eddvren 
Hardiy and Arthur Davies 
from The Merry Widow and 
toe trio from HiMS. Pinafore 
demonstrated toe value of 
New Sadler’s Wells Opera in 
a more regular way. Emissar- 
ies from English National 
Opera’s Julius Caesar (Chris- 
topher Robson, tenor, and 
John Thureood, honi) and, 
from Charlie and the Choco- 
late Factory demonstrated 
other aspects of the Wells’ 
past and present work as a 
people’s music theatre; 

But its mam claim to 

A rumpled Pete Townsend, 
accompanied by his daughter 
Emma on keyboards, Peter 
-Evans on harmonica 
a Mickey Mouse drum- 
machine, played a reflective 
selection including “Eyesight 
for foe Blind” and “I'm One” 
from Quadrophenia while toe 
much-anticipated Annie Len- 
nox accompanied by Pat 
Seymour on piano sang only 
Stevie Wonder's “Blame it 
on toe Sun” and promptly 

Thus the musical acco l ades 
were ' shared decisively by 
David Gilmour and Chrissie 
Hynde, both of whom used 
foe power-house Merchan/ 
Simon Phillips (drums) . 
rhythm section. The unflap- 
pable. Gilmour hit a splendid 
measured stride with “You 

survival is as a dance - house: 
the theatre that, • in my 
lifetime, has done more for 
dance in Britain and British 
dance than any other. Its 
resident Royal BaDet compa- 
ny, dancing in New York, 
was represented by two 
former members, Doreen 
Wells and Stephen Jefferies, 
in the final duet from The 
Two Pigeons; how ravishing 
to see her again after too long 
an absence, and Jefferies 
partnering her as if his heart 
would break with love and 

Covent Garden’s branch of 
toe Royal Ballet let their hair 
down with Michael Cordefs 
spoof Flora’s Demise, starring 
Michael Coleman as a glum 
Prince Charming on cratches, 
and provided partners for 
Yoko .Shimizu (who has just 
unfairly lost hear own battle 
with British red tape) in toe 
Rose Adagio from The Sleep- 
ing Beauty. 

Mentioning all who took 
part would more than ex- 
haust my space, but toe 
enthusiasm aroused by Festi- 
val Ballet's Jeanette Mulligan 
and Alexander Sombart in 
Three Preludes must not go 
unremarked, nor toe touch- 
ing promise of the National 
Youth Dance Company’s 
Dwight Powell in his own 
solo Freedom and a squad 
from toe Royal Ballet School 
in their famous hornpipe. 

To pnt on a show of tois 
sort in one week is amazing. 


Essential Euripides for the Eighties 


Theatr Gywd 

It is one sign of Toby 
Robertson’s self-confidence 
as Theatr Clywd’s incoming 
artistic director that, having 
lured a Medea with the 
drawing power of Eileen 
Atkins to his remote North 
Wales arts centre, he should 
then leave its main bouse 
dark and consign the produc- 
tion to one of its studios. 

He has good reason for 
this, as appears partly from 
Simon Hi glen's transforma- 
tion of the space into a 
miniature amphitheatre: an 
all-white wrap-round of cot- 
ton draperies, skulls and 
shattered sculpture at once 
establishing the sense of 
Hellenic sunlight and a di- 
mate of desolation. 

Medea has lately been 
emerging as the key Euripides 
text lor toe Eighties, as The 

Bacchae was 20 years ago: 
this production follows Nan- 
cy Meckler’s powerfully femi- 
nist version and Tony Har- 
rison’s Medea : a Sex-war 
Opera as toe latest attempt to 
put toe myth under a 
miscroscope and extract 
more from it than the story 
of a sexual betrayal repaid 
with an atrocious revenge. 
Hence another reason for 
examining toe play in condi- 
tions that promote emotional 
precision rather than grand 

Medea is a wronged wife. 
She is also an alien, a factor 
Mr Robertson starkly under- 
lines by presenting the 
Greeks as Macks. Clifton 
Jones's panicky Croon, a tin- 
pot tyrant in a wheelchair, 
and Leon Herbert's smugly 
dominant Jason stand for toe 
civilized values; while toe 
barbarian murderess who is 
shortly to kill her own 
children appears in toe per- 
son of a wretched white 
woman whom we first see 
stifling her anguish to address 

toe women of Corinth with 
the utmost courtesy. 

It seems that we are being 
invited to view toe events 
through Medea’s eyes; raid, 
from toe moment of her 
opening offstage cries. Miss 
Atkins's performance sets out 
to capture unqualified sym- 
pathy. She starts in total 
despair without a plan in her 
head. It is easy to identify 
with that; then with her first 
steps towards recovery, as she 
plausibly talks Creon round 
to giving her a day of grace 
and confronts Jason, choking 
bade her anger to attack him 

Sometimes playing toe silly 
submissive woman or the 
harmless victim, sometimes 
telegraphing her true feelings 
with twisting fingers and 
flashes of huge horror-struck 
eyes, she reveals enormous 
variety in the part and carries 
you with her up to toe 
moment when — on hearing 
that ho- deadly gifts have 
been kindly received by 
Jason’s bride - she utters a 

cry as if awakening from a 

It is at this point that toe 
spectators realize they have 
walked into toe nightmare 
with ben and when she goes 
on to the final killings she is 
on her own. She is now 
hectoring toe audience, and 
the more defiantly she gives 
her reasons for killing the 
children toe clearer it is that 
they are bad reasons. This is 
a staggering transition; but its 
effect is not so much to show 
her transformation into a 
monster as to turn a mirror 
on a house full of potential 

Taking full account of the 
feminist position, this is not 
a feminist production. Its 
aim is not to justify the 
character but to show charac- 
ter engulfed by non-rational 
forces. In toe words of 
Jeremy Brooks's translation: 
“Rage masters all as con- 
science never can". 

Irving Wardle 

If the Arts Council does not 
hear toe dear message it will 
never be forgiven. 

John Perrival 

Know I'm Right” and “Run 
Like Hell” before sitting' at 
the piano to play "Out of toe 
Blue”, perhaps the most 
apposite song of the evening, 
fo fine voice, Chrissie Hynde, 
with the Pretenders guitarist 
Robby McIntosh, took com- 
mand of toe finale with songs 
including “Time the 
Avenger”, Dylan’s “Property 
of Jesus", and “Back on the 
Chain Gang”, and with 
Annie Lennox sang a last 
rousing duet of “Give It Up”. 
Buckets were rattled, raid 
spare change was collected. 
More please. 

David Sinclair 

• Donations may be sent to 
Colombian Volcano Appeal 
171 Tottenham Court Road, 
London Wl. 


A selection from our 21 sales in London this week. 

Modem Sporting Guns and Vintage Firearms: 
Wednesday 12 February ax 11 a-m-, King Street: An 
extraordinary suite of roc guns by Holland and Holland — 
force 20-bore and forte 12-bore — will be the ce n tre of 
attention. Virtually as new, they should fetch £30,000 to 
£40,000 a set. For sportsmen with less princely pockets there 
is the usual wide range of useful and interesting guns at more 
everyday prices. 

Claret and White Bordeaux: Thursday 13 February 
at 11 a.m.. King Street: A choice of over 500 lots offer 
substantial quantities of ‘investment* vintages — particularly 
1978 and 1982. Current stability in prices present excellent 
Opportunities for wines to lay down. There axe also many 
choices ready to drink, from foe first years of the 1960s to die 
tighter wines of 1972 and 1973. 

Hoe Victorian Pictures: Friday 14 February at 

til ajcxu. King Street: Admirers of Atkinson Grimshaw’s 
; characteristic night-scenes will find five lots to choose from 
in tins wide-ranging sale. There is a fine romantic view of foe 
Palace of Westminster in 1877 by Claude Moore, a 
wonderfully sentimental view of foe 1890s byjessica Hayllar 
entitled Fresh firm the Altar md a charming group of country 

children playing rather informal cricket. Much eke besides of 
course, with good examples by B. W. Leader, J. C. Hook, 

Sir E. J. Poynter and James Webb. 

Ancient, Foreign and English Coins and 
Medallions! Tuesday 18 February at 1030 a.m. and 
2 p.m* King Street: Much interest has been shown in the 
extensive collection of Norfolk Trade Tokens formed by Mr. 
D. L. CorndL Used as a means of exchange when foere was 
a shortage of copper coinage, they were issued in many 
towns and villages. The sale is also a tempting opportunity 
for collectors in all n umisma tic fields, at prices from around 
£50 up to £2,000. 

Viewing! King Street: Weekdays 9 a.m.-4.45 p.m. 

Enquiries: (01) 839 9060 

South Kensington: Mondays 9 ajn.-7 p.m. 

Tuesday to Friday 9 aan.-4.45 p.m. 

Enquiries: (01) 581 7611. 

Christie's have 22 local offices in 
the U.K. If you would like to know 
the name of your nearest representative, 
please telephone Caroline Treffgame on 
(01)588 4424. 

U3E>SS , BC& I 


























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Compare the words of the Argyll Group of Companies 
with those of Guinness PLC on their respective commitment 
to Scotch whisky 

Argyll: “In March 1985 the Loch Lomond Distillery, 
together with certain Scotch whisky stocks, were sold to Inver 
House Distillers Ltd for a total consideration of £6,9 million. 
The sale reflected a policy decision to reduce investment 
in Scotch whisky production,”(Source: Argyll Annual Report, 

August 1985,) 

Ernest Saunders, Chief Executive of Guinness :“Scodand 
is the home of whisky and we must do everything in our power 
to ensure that the life blood of this vital export industry 
is not damaged,” ( Source : Guinness Press Release, February 

4th 1986,) 


Guinness and Distillers. A stroke of genius. 






This Advertisement is published by Mown Grenfell & CoLimircd and The British Linen Bank Limited on behalf of Guinness PLC.The Directors of Guinness TIC are rite person* responsible for rhe information contained in this advertisement To the hesr of their lumwlediteimd beW 
[having taken all mtsonuNe care ro ensure rhar such is the case) rhe information contained m rhi> advertisement is in accordance with the facts. The Director, of Guinness PLC accept responsibility accotdmplv. SOURCE: Campbell Neill 


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FT 30 ~ 

Up 7.6 at 11 95.3 

Up 16.5 at 1461.5 


US dollar 

$1 .4085 (+0.0063) 

W German mark 

DM3.3620 (-0.046) 


74.1 (-0.3) 



Scotland's largest mall whis- 
ky distillery, the Tomalin 
plant near Inverness, is being 
sold for an undisclosed sum 
to the Japanese drinks 
groups, Takara Schuzo and 
Okura. both of which have 
long-standing trading rela- 
tionships with the financially 
troubled company. 

Tomatin was out into 

Coats Patons in £1.2 bn 
Vantona Viyella merger 

By Lawrence Lever 

Cbats Patons, die Glasgow 264.7 Ip, compared with the 
group announced yes- Dawson offer of 23Ck88p. 
teraay that it had agreed Vantona Vjyella's dunes 
terms for a merger with dropped lOp on the an- 
Vantona Viyella, only a nouncement, reducing the 
JOTtmght after the Coats value of the share offer to 
toard had unanimously 258p a share, compared with 
^“4 a proposed merger 237.54p — the value of the 
between the company arid Dawson share offer yester- 
Dawson International, the day. 

specialist Vantona is also offering a 

The merger between Coats ‘ more attractive alterna- 
and Vantona — which also tive, throu gh its adviser 
has unanimous approval N.MRothschild, of 23834p a 
fiom the Coats board — share, against Dawson's 
values Coats at £734 mini on- 22533p. Coats share price 
It would make the com- stood at 247p yesterday, 
btned company, to be called Rothschild repented that the 
Coats Viyella, the largest underwriting of the dare 
textile group in Britain, with offer had gone very well 
a market capitalization of Mr David Alliance, chief 

22533p. Chats dare price 
flood at 247p yesterday. 
Rothschild repented that the 

Alliance: forced to 
make early move 

underwriting of the dare whatsoever” had forced him 
offer had gone very well. to make his move a few 
Mr David Alliance, chief weeks . earlier* than he 

deaL It is not just the 
financials that are better, the 
synergy makes more sense" 

Coats' worldwide business 
network would be used to 
expand Vantona Viyella" s 
product range into new mar- 

The existing Coats manage- 
ment would remain and Sir 
James Spooner would be 
non-executive chairman of 
Coats Vyella. Mr McAdam 
and Mr Alliance would be 
deputy chairmen, with Mr 
Alliance as group chief execu- 

Mr John Waterson, mar- 
keting director of Dawson, 
said yesterdayTWe were not 
aware of any other interest in 
Coats, we are surprised and 

Earlier in the day Dawson 
issued a statement, saying 

Executive Editor: Kenneth Fleet 

Gilts come clean and 
confusion reigns 

t nnanciail y approximately £122 billion executive of Vantona Viyella, expectedand he had put a disappointed". 

Tomarin^wsw^" nm ■ ao £, a workforce of 75,000. said yesterday that Vantona firm proposal to Coats on Earlier in the day Dawson 
put Hi* 0 The 1611115 of the offer, bad been investigating the Friday night. issued a statement, saying 

whic l 1 n has a “sh alternative, possibility of a mSgcrTor at Mr Jhn McAdam, chief that it “will be reviewing 5 the 

^ 2 . j to , re scue tt are 10 new Vantona shares least sa months, but bad ■ executive of Coats Patons. implications of this alterna- 
tor every 17 Coats Patons. int end ed to wait until both explaining the switch in his tive offer with its advisers”. 

Based on market prices at companies announced their company's allegiance, said Mr Waterson would not say 

close of d ealing s on Friday, end-of-year results before yesterday:“We considered whether the company was 

before weekend speculation making a formal approach, that the Dawson merger was considering an increased of- 

of a Vantona move for Coals, _ *' " - * — • ■ 

several attempts to rescue It 
had failed. The Inverness 
distillery was the company’s 
largest asset. 

Tomatin was an important 
bulk- exporter of Scotch to 
such countries as Japan, 
where it is mixed with local 
spirit to imitate Scotch whis- 
ky blends. 

Paribas sale 

Paribas, the French banking 
group, has sold its 6.5 per 
cent shareholding in Mercury 
Securities, the investment 
banking group which owns 
SG Warburg. 

t e n d ed to wait until both explaining the switch in his tive offer with its advisers”, 
unpanies announced their company's allegiance, said Mr Waterson would not say 
id-pf-year results before yesterday:“We considered whether the company was , 
along a formal approach, that the Dawson merger was considering an increased of- , 
The Dawson initiative, of a very good deal at the time, fer. “We are looking at the | 

liirh hi> haH htul '"nn inVKna — ..... ci,na<inn« L. 1 

this valued Coats shares at which he had had ”no inkling but this is an even better situation”, he said. 

on US growth claims 


Stone contract & y ich ' 

Stone International has been record 
awarded a £2.4 million con- nwyy 
tract to provide air condi- The 
tioning for 100 luxury organic 
coaches of the Italian. 4aiJ- betwee 
way's gran confort trains. - barely 
. 1 : ; -- -Jr V:r the -rai 

PR deal hSL 

Communications Strategy grew b 
Group, .the public relations period, 
company which includes As- cent o 
sociated Newspapers and overall 
Budweiser among its dients, But i 
has bought Corporate Com- througl 
m unications, an Australian million 
PR company, for between benefit: 
A$1 million and A$13 mil* came 1 
lion (£497,OQG-£745.DOOj. Imperii 
The prtee depends on profits 
in the next tifrfl^yeas. ~ £! v “T 2 

declined in dollar terms, but 
their sterling contribution 
was boosted by a favourable 
exchange rate. 

The attack also concen- 
trates on capital spending. 
Imperial says its own capital 

Opec plea 
to 12% cut 

By David Y< 

North Sea ofl output would 
have to be cut by 12 per cent 
if Britain were to co-operate 

vestment By Ahson Eadie 

ch owns Imperial Group, which is 
resisting a £1.8 billion bid 
from Hanson Trust, yester- 
I ~rapf ^ released a document 

uactwi. w hich attacks Hanson's 

has been record of managing its busi- 

ion con- nesses in the United States, 

r condi- The document claims that 
luxury organic growth in : America 
ian.-*ail- between ~ 1980 and 1985 was 
trains.- baiely:6lper cent; wlffis than - ■; 

: -~Z: the -rate pf inflation. -v- 

Tbe operating profits of 
. . Hanson Industries m the US 

Strategy grew 'by £111 millio n in this 

relations period, contributing 46 per nn roui vuouuuiii me 

odes As- cent of the growth of the Mr Geoffrey Kent: concent Secretary of State for Trade «.«« .»»«. s^nui 

rs and overall group. oh pricing policy and Industry, is expected to towards Opec. 

i dients. But £96 minion was profit pronounce this week on Britain has consistently 

te Com- through acquisitions and £9. chairman of Imperial, and his whether Hanson's bid for said it cannot interfere with 

irer raKan million due to currency board also criticize Hanson Imperial and Imperial's £13 daily production rates set by 

between benefits. Only £6 mfllinn for claiming good perfqrr^bjJlion merger with United the companies operating in 

13 mil* nme from organic growth, malices for - sornevtrfv fo>-Biscuits will be referred to the North Sea. Such a cut 

15,000). Imperial claims. ; , . -American companres iiiBieii ^the Monopolies and Mergers wou)d equal the daily pro- 

spending m l 985 was £193 ,* e Organfrariou . of 

miliion or 4.5 per cent of « elro - eu ,™ Exporting 
sales. Hanson’s in contrast Counfries anempts to restore 

was £59 million or 23 per ma f ket - , . 

cent of capital spending. The ofl producers cartel is 

VT „ assuming that Britain.- is 

Imperial _ alleges that producing a daily average of 
Hanson's pricing policy un- 2.5 million barrels and has 
dennines the future. said a cut of at least 300,000 

' Mr Paul Channon, the barrels a day is necessary to 
Secretary of State for Trade show any form of goodwill 

and Industry, is expected to towards Opec. 




whether Hanson's bid for said it cannot interfere with 
Imperial and Imperial's £13 daily production rates set by 

came from 1 organic growth, 
Imperial claims. ; . 

/•Mr oGeoffiiey. f&eHti -. the./ their trading jjwfits actual^ Gwmnission. 

sliar Fall in industrial costs 
Jands biesest sincel950s 



By JmlRh Hnnffey 

The £13 billion, 10 million 
sq ft financial services centre 
planned at Canary Wharf in 
London's Docklands took a 
step nearer yesterday. 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Industry's raw material and out in spite of the sharp firfl 
fuel costs fell by 7.1 per cent in costs may indicate that the 
in the 12 months to January, scope for reducing retail 
the biggest drop since the inflation is limited. 

1950s. Inis was despite a 0.3 The Department of Trade 

scope for reducing retail 
inflation is limited 
The Department of Trade 

per cent rise in costs between . and Industry also published a 

duetkm . from . one of the 
North Sea's laigef fields, , such 
as the BP Forties complex. 

With 30 North Sea fields 
now producing ofl at rates 
varying from 424,000 barrels 
a day at Brent to 3,000 a day 
from the new Scapa field, 
Opec feels such a cut could 
easily be ordered by the 

However, the Government 
knows Opec is prepared to 
cause it as much embarrass- 
ment as possible — Opec still 
feels Britain has gone back on 

New president 
for directors 

Sir Peter Waiters, chairman 
or British Pefroleum,(above) 
who is to be the next 

Five cf the UK's leading. The prices char* 
construction companies have industry rose by 0.8 p 
been given contracts to build reflecting normal 
the scheme by the censor- price nses. Outpul 
tium of foreign banks in the inflation edged up fi 
development per cent in Decembe 

.Finandere Credit Suisse- 
First Boston, and Morgan . The rate of outpi 
Stanley International with inflation 1S r!L!or ■ 

December and January, mrw seasonally adjusted se- a promise made in March 
mainly because of the lies for input prices yestefr j 9 gi t0 \j m ii North Sea 

pound's weakness J day Some Of the bi&ai raw outpul to the then level of 23 

The pnees charged by material and fuel costs faced milion a ^ ^ ]eveI 
industry rose by 0.8 per cent by industry follow a regular now SUffiCSte d by (Spec - and 
reflecting normal January seasonal pattern, notably for ^ avoided 

price rises. Output pnee electnaty charges. sending a ministerial repre- 

inflation edged up from 5.1 On the seasonally adjusted seniative to Norway at the 
per cent in December to 53 series, input prices fell by 0.4 weekend where an eneigy 
per cent m January. per cent m January after a 0.6 industry seminar was held 

The rate of output price per cent drop in December, involving Opec represen ta- 
inflation is a useful leading This compares with -rises of rives. 

After the coldest night for 40 years, 
trains and tubes were delayed and 
traders reached their dealing con- 
soles fairly late and somewhat 
frazzled. In the heat of the moment, 
so' the story goes, they forgot that 
yesterday saw an innovation in the 
gilts market, with clean prices 
quoted for stocks throughout the 

Stripping out the accrued interest 
from the prices inevitably reduces 
the capital residual in the mediums 
and longs. The traders ignored this 
nicety. “My God,” they cried, “are 
those the prices?” and promptly 
started buying. 

By lunch time, the longs were up 
by nearly one point, and the 
mediums, which in theory ought to 
have lagged, reflecting the baleful 
presence of the new tap, were not 
too far behind. This may reflect a 
new buying force among the later 
categories of maturities — the 
discount houses who until now have 
been structurally impeded from 
trading longer through the cost of 
holding stock with no accrued 
interest But the mediums were also 
buoyed by the detectable presence in 
the market of foreign buyers who 
reportedly put in some good quality 
buying orders yesterday. 

Despite the innovation of clean 
prices, the market retains its 
mystery. For some unaccountable 
reason it is still possible to deal 
“special ex” among the mediums 
and longs, a quaint relic of the old 
regime which seems to have no 
place in the new pre-Big Bang gilts 

Among the traders too it was 
possible -to find dealers yesterday 
who were eschewing the euphoria 
and claiming yields were no more 
solidly based yesterday than a week 
ago. Oil prices still look tricky, they 
claim, while the UK is giving a fair 
imitation of wallowing in the midst 
of a political crisis. 

US trends, in particular, look 
treacherous, claim the bears. 
Domestic policy considerations 
would appear to call for a tighter 
monetary stance , by the Federal 
Reserve. Board especially "after last 
week's huge -jump in the January 
non-farm payroll. But external 
factors, notably the possible impact 
on the US banking system: of non- 
performing loans to oil producing 
countries, as oil prices slip, should 
help to curb any push to higher 
rates. The Federal Open Market 
Committee, when it meets this 
week, may not have a great deal to 
discuss. Its scope for manoeuvre is 
very limited It may opt for a 
neutral policy over rates. But since 
first quarter 1986 real GNP growth 
looks set to touch an amazing figure, 
like plus 6 per cent, the Fed's 
masterly inactivity may simply 
provoke a sell-off in bonds. 

As ever, however, when' the 

London market starts to steam 
ahead, it grows impatient about the 
cautionary approach. Traders see 
two factors underpinning the mar- 
ket; a short position among the 
jobbers which is now being filled in 
ahead of the tap tender on 
Wednesday, which — and this could 
be the second plus for the market — 
risks being taken out in full as soon 
as the lists close. 

Emerging Midland 

In the aftermath of Midland Bank's 
sudden announcement that it is 
selling Crocker National the in- 
evitable question is Where Next? 

The arrival within weeks of 
Christopher “Kit” McMahon, for- 
mer deputy governor of the Bank of 
England, is certain to boost the 
bank's internal morale as well as its 
image in the City. But there will be 
an uncomfortable year's hiatus 
before Mr McMahon takes full 
control of Midland as chairman and 
chief executive — a year which 
covers the crucial period of big 

On the plus side, it has cut away 
the worst parts of its business and 
has nearly £800 million in cash from 
the Crocker sale to play with. Not 
surprisingly, the speculation has 
already begun as to whether 
Midland will soon be the subject of 
a takeover bid. 

On the face of it, it is hard to see 
how a takeover could work. It 
would require taking on the rest of 
Midland's business, which any 
institution would be understandably 
reluctant to do. 

The” post-Crocker policy an- 
nounced by- Midland last week — to 
concentrate on British retail banking 
and on international capital and 
equity markets — lacked conviction. 
Midland desperately needs a strong 
overseas banking operation to 
match its rivals, but seems to lack 
ideas. A link with Standard Char- 
tered would give it an instant 
widespread international banking ' 
network. Standard Chatered has the 
added Attraction ' of ..having suc- 
ceeded in t^e- California market 
where Midland -failed. 

Standard Chartered itself has been 
shrinking for some time, as Midland 
has, pulling in its horns in trouble 
spots such as South Africa. Its 
position is coming to look increase 
ingly fragile as it struggles to hold its' 
operations together without a secure 
underlying sterling base. A link with 
Midland would give it just that 

Standard Chartered, with a mar- 
ket capitalization of £680 million, is 
unlikely to agree to a takeover by 
the somewhat larger Midland. 
Midland’s management probably 
does not command enough respect 
for that. But a merger could suit 
both sides well and strengthen the 
standing of both banks in the City. 


the National Institute of 
Economic and Social Re- 
search and a member of the 
governing body of the Lon- 
don Business SchooL 

Thorn move 

Thom EMI is consolidating Railway being extends 
several of its businesses into the -Bank station in the 1 
a new division under Mr of the City of London. 

ZTe oKST The Bank of England has 

Sg iSTt?*0)£ appears to have bottomed unadjusted series. . 

UK, John Laing Construe- a — “ — * ' 

Sons, John Mowlcm, the . Non-LME tin traders 

of docklands airport contractor, 
Se- and Taylor Woodrow Con- 

w ^ — — — — juuucy uiufiuauuiuu mui : , * ta g\ . • ■ . j « — ■ — 

. nt of the Institute of Fust Boston Docklands Asso- indicator of retail pnee mfla- 0.3 per cent mJanuary and 2 Sheikh ^ Khalife, the! 

Directors. He succeeds Sir ciaies have given equal con- tion. The feet that the rate per cent m December on the Kuwaiti oil minister, said if 
Kenneth CorflehL former trading shares to Costain appears to have bottomed unadjusted senes. . pon-Opec countries did not 

chairman of STC. Sir Peter UK, John Laing Construe- ■ — 1 — * ;; co-operate, oil prices could 

is a former director of the tion. Sir Robert McAlpine & XT-.-, T Tk arr fell, to $10 a barrel. 

Post Office, a governor of Sons, John Mowfem, the . ClTl — I H (.1 Tl • Sharply felling oil pnees 

atkmal Institute of docklands aiiport contractor, ■* -t • ' 1 • • have pushed Mexico to the 

nic and Sodal Re- and Taylor Woodrow Con- OCI/’P'/i TfYf" brink of a new economic 

and a member of the tractors. djJVUU 1U1 UdJll crisis which could force 

- - - J “" Western nations to rethink 

their global debt strategy by 
offering important new con- 
cessions to debtor nations. 
Bailey Morris writes from 

US and Latin American 
officials confirmed, on the 
eve of a meeting here of the 

But the development which 
would have three of Europe's 
tallest skyscrapers, is depen- 
dent on the Docklands light . 
Railway being attended to 
the - Bank station in the heart 

asked for cash 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 
. Bankers and metal brokers The ITC is due to meet 
have asked traders who are again tomorrow, and metal 
not London Metal Exchange brokers anticipate a new and 
members but who have posi- possibly final offer from the 
tions with the international council by Friday. 

Tin Council to put up cash LME sources said that four 
for Newco, the company or five big traders, ind tiding 
which will take over the the Malaysian Mining Cor- 

UK weather outlook bright 
for Hessey radar sssj 

mation technology, telecom- 
munications products and 
Inmos, the microchip compa- 

scheme hinges. 

attempt to brdige the roaghly perhaps £20 miliion into 
£70 mflfioH gap between tire Newco. 

n-i , space in the City but the 

Tax cuts view Corporation’s planners say 
• ^“=e=? 32 Son S°S Sr 15 

The consortium dahns it £270 mOXion capitalization The 13 LME members 
cannot fund the right kind of phoned for Newco and the with positions with the ITC 
space in (he City but the amounts which the ITC and have offered £50 million to 
Corporation's planners say. ^ banks and brokers have Newco, while the banks have 
there is room for another 15 . & far been vriDiag to sab- committed themselves to £20 

engineering contractors today 
published the results of a 
National Opinion Poll show- 
ing that 53 per cent of people 
would prefer increased in- 
vestment in roads and sewere 
and in clearing derelict land 
to tax cuts. 

Dale dies 

Mr Leonard Dale, chairman 
of Dale Electric International, 
died at t he weekend. 




ABN ]** 

Adas & Company j®™ 

BCCI a* 

CWtaofc Simgsf- 

Comohdued Crds 

OwtinMIttl Tran — *-** 

CMpendve Bank — — — 

C.Hoare A Co ™ 

Lloyds Bank ™ 

Nm WdRUWBT-..- ““J 

Royal Bank Sadand— 


t MoriffF Bat Rate 


discussed during talks with 
Mr George Shultz, the Amer- 
ican Secretary of State. 

Latin American officials 
said Mexico’s plight is even 
worse than in mid- 1982 when 
it first triggered the global 
debt crisis. 

Employers are not keen on training 
growing army of temps, survey shows 

' ■. - ..v 

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■ -V-V, //• 

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I " 

Ptessey wiH snpply foe weather 
mdare to upgrade and extend the 
United Kingdom weather radar 
network - the hist tody digital 
networked system in the worid. 

The £2.5 million contract, won 
against fierce international com- 
petition, means that all the radars 
in the UK weather network win 
have been built by Plessey. 

The Tive radars will be installed 
in Northern Ireland, Cornwall, 
Devon, Pembroke and Dorset 
This latest contract is for the re- 
placement of obsolete radars and 
extension of the coverage of the 
network to include almost all of 
England and Whies. An option has 
been included for a further system 
10 extend coverage over Eastern 

As prime contractor, Plessey is 
responsible for the manufacturing, 
management, installation and 
commissioning ofthe total project. 

A Plessey weather radst 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

More employers are hiring resources, ai a special Con- 
part-time and temporary federation of British Industry 
workers, but very few compa- conference on manpower 
tries are prepared to invest in management. .The. fi gu res 
training ffie new -flexible” show that engmemng corn- 
workforce, according to a panies are the least likely to 
survey published today. offer training to itinerant 
M^power, which de- workera .while those u the 
scribes itself as the world’s distributive industries were 
lamest temporary staff spe- nwre prepared to give some 
cjflTici, said the survey, cover- offthe-job training, 
ina 450 companies, revealed . Mr Davidson said: ^om- 
Efie evidence that employers panies expeet temporary staff 
intended to make much of a to come ready ^«£and 
contribution to off-ihe-job this attitude may be reflected 
SrtSft or skifis acquisition, in the trend towtgls the use 
Serenw-four per cent of of temporary staff and sub- 
firaK said they were unlikely contract busmesses, with 
to Sain part-timers and 82 companies preferring to buy 
ner cent mled out training in ctpertise rather^thau help 
SqSvy labour. . their own employees to 

The survey results were to acquire rL 
* announced bv Mr Ken “But skills and, expertise 

resources, at a special Con- opment or the benefits gained joint talks on the need for 
federation of British Industry in havinga flexible workforce greater labour flexibility, 
conference on manpower will be onset by a shortage of The unions dearly see a 
management. The figures available skills. Part-time em- new avenue to the creation of 
show that engineering com- ployees whom nobody seems more jobs, while the CBI 
panies are the least likely to willing to train will therefore hopes that more part-timers 
offer training to itinerant become increasingly inflexi- will aid competitiveness, 
workers while those in the ble in the workforce unless Lord Young, the Secretary of 
distributive industries were companies realize the vital Slate for Employment, was 
more prepared to give some importance of training.” keen to stress, however, that 
offthe-iob training. Mr Davidson's remarks die Government did not 

Mr Davidson said: “Com- . put a new perspective on the want ~a cowboys’ charter”, 
panies expect temporary staff view of the CBL shared by The Manpower survey in- 
to come ready skilled, and other employers’ groups, that veals that between 1982 and 
this attitude may be reflected the trend towards an increas- 1 985. 47 per cent of employ- 

Data nci'Mirk 
for Jamaica 

t orison 

New optical signal 

sample devices later this year 

WV f R.V'Vaj Other Plessey research at 

Lorn Young, ine secretary oi 
Slate for Employment, was 
keen to stress, however, that 
die Government did not 
want '"a cowboys’ charter". 

The Manpower survey re- 
veals that between 1982 and 
1985, 47 per cent of employ- 

ingly flexible workforce of ers in production industries 
part-time and subcontracting and 45 per cent in service 

fonnbrarv labour tneir own employees reouemg inausuiai costs. 

The survey results were to acquire it . At last week’s meeting of 

he announced by Mr Ken “But skills and expertise the National Economic De- 
Da vidson Manpower’s direc- need to be acquired ai some vdopmem Council, the CBI 
tor of operations and human stage in an individual's devd- and the TUC agreed to have 

labour generally is to be 
welcomed, particularly as it 
could play a huge part in 
reducing industrial costs. 

At last week’s meeting of 
the National Economic De- 

sectors increased the volume 
of temporary employment, 
with sub-contract labour be- 
ing more popular 
Flexible Manning in Busi- 
ness, Manpower House, 270- 
272 High Street, Slough, 
Berks, SL-i ILL £830. 

Plessey equipment will provide 
initially fbrlWuserjXMts. Compre- 
hensive sendees will indude full 
bitting fkdtities and protocols for 
IBM, synchronous X-25 and 
asynchronous lerminals. 

The system will be ready for 
service in mid-1986. 

Mexico order 

A second eider for IstdB&efli 
pajpbeaes has been woa by Plessry 
from TELMEX, Mexteok infernal 
WjrrnroiramdcadMK artfearifo This 
brings 1ELMEX oiden for Plessey 
paypbeaes to over LMQ at a total 

vatae of&iqvHi £1 mUBoo, 

Handling and proce ssing sfenris 
from eptkal ttres sbooM soon be 

At its wtxM-femous Caswell 
research centre, Hessey is working 
oo ultra high speed moduiatoi; 
multiplexer and switching devices 
that create differing refractive 
indices to guide ami control tight 
beams in optical waveguides. 

Plessey win be marketing 

sample devices later this year 

Other Plessey research at 
Caswell may produce the optical 
equivalent of the electronic logic 
circuits contained on most semi- 
conductor chips. This is a most 
exciting development in logic 
devices employing Plessey pro- 
prietary photochromic materials 
that can be rapidly switched from 
one chemical form to another by 
the application of light. 

These devices will be needed in 
the optical computers of Ihefuture. 

I J I i 

Tectmcriogy is our business. 

PLESSEY md t hr Ptnsry symbo t art trodr marks nfTKr Pin My Co9i per# pic 












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NYafc 1-3S0-V' ___ 
Montreal T 5614*1 43782 
Amsoam3.77S6-3.8l 07 
Brussels 68.43-68.02 
Cprigan 123074-124105 
□ubfei n/a 
Frank furt3 3465-3-3760 
Listen 21 S. 76-2 1936 
M3dnd 21045-21135 
MdanM 2275.71-2295.18 
Osto 1Q3926-10.A6G3 
Pans 103540-103554 
SfWDm 105073-1 Q.57S9 
Tokjto 266.20-28S.03 
Vienna 23.45-23-69 
Zurich 2-8282-2-8307 


















1 month 
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0.17-0 JJSpnn 




3 months 






Auwate defter _ 
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38-31 worm 






_ _ 749.10-75110 

Greece oraehm* 204 70-20670 

Hong Kong defer 10911-10925 

hdarupea 1755-1735 

Iraq drar — - - n/a 

Kuwait dnsrKD 0,3995-0.4035 

Malaysaoofar 3.4409-34*65 

Meidoo peso 825-675 

New Zealand doBar Z.619S-2X319 

Saudi Arabia riyai 5TOSM14X3 

SingsponadoBar 2.9793-396*5 

south Africa rand 23792-29851 

UAEdtrfwn 5. 13806.1780 

SWUng index compand with 197E mb up te 7AA (dafa mnfle n/a ). 




Clearing Banks 12V4 
Ftamee House 12 

Discount Market Loans lb 
Overworn tat 12% Low 12 
Wee* fixed. 121. 


1 month 7.85- 

7.60 3 months 

6 months 





Treasury &Bs (Dacaimt <%) 

Buying SeRrtg 

2 months 12'A 2 months 12'» 

3 months i2's 3 months 12'w 

12 months 8.1 S- 



Prune Bank Bds (Discount %| 

1 month 12H-12% 2 months 1ZW-1Z 1 * 
3 months (2'»-12<a 6 months 12'ii-12 
Trade EUSs (OiscotAit %) 

1 month 13 2 months 12’» 

3 months 12% Smooths 12"ia 

Mterhank (ha) 

Ovwmqfit opart 12'edoM 12 

1 week 



6 months 

l month 



9 worths 

3 months 


12 months 


12 % 

12 %- 





7 days 7"m-7 7 » 
3 months B '*-100 
7 days 4K-4K 
3 months*" u-X’t* 
French Banc 
7 days 9K-9K 
3 months Id'f 13*8 
Safes Franc 
7 days 2-154 
3 months 4 

7 days 5't»-5®8 

cafl 8V7>! 

1 month 690-7.78 
6 months 8 'o-B. 00 
call 5-4 
1 month 4«>s-4»:s 
can 10-9 
1 month 12-11% 

8 months 12V12 b 
cal 254-154 
1 month 3’5i» 
6month84 > 8-3 , a 
call 95 
1 month 6-5% 

Ireland - 1J257IM.2S0 

Snron 2.iW«.i320 


Ife&wla - • 2.4X00-2.4620 


May 160-159.6 

Cuttf* 1.4060-1.4080 

Sweden - _ . — 7.5450-7.5550 

Norvrsy 7.4450-7.4560 

Mar _ unquoted 

West Germany . 2.4050-2.4070 

Switzerland 20315^0335 

Ndfeeriauds 2.717^2.7200 

Frame _ 7^700-73900 



AX months unquotad 

Vat ._. .. 0 

feiy 16350-1638JD 


How Kong _ _ 7X010-7X0*0 

May 1575-74 

Span - 151-10-151X0 

Austria 16X0-16X3 

Sap — 1783-37 

Dec 1767-86 



Soyahasft nnt, coHaa and 
















S 90 




1 Uni- . . . . 3928 




Jun — 


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_ 133X-32J5 



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Sep _ 



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Offictei Ttenover fiquraa 

Me# fat C par toauic nana 
Stow in paooa par hoy oonca 

RBdoM VWf A Cfc Ud-fopert 


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— 1023-10235 i 






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Local Authority Deposits (%) 

2 days 12\ 7 days l2fc 

1 month 125 3 months 1241 

6 months 12S 12 months 1254 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

1 month i3'.:-13 2 months 1354-13 

3 months 13X-13 6 months 1354-13 

9 months 13K-13 12motehs 13'4-13 


Sovereigns' (nevrk 
S &1 iXJ-82.00 |ES7.75-58J0 ) 


■Excludes VAT 


Starling CDs po> 

imonm 12% 3 months 12 ”j3 

6 months 12 months 

Fixed Rate Starting Export Finance 
Schema IV Averaga reference rata tor 
Merest period January B, 1936 to 
Fatoruary 4. 1986 Indusnc 13077 per 


Three Month Staffing 


-Jun .. 


Previous day's total « 
Three Month Eurodo 


USTteasin Bend 


Jun .. 


— 87X6 








.... 87.78 










-- 8972 





i interest 11124 

-. 82.00 

Prawous day's total open rferast 19825 
S2JJ1 81.82 91X8 3944 

_ 91.98 





... 9181 





... 91.60 





... 8508 

Previous d»'s total 
85.12 63J2B 

nan mterast 3578 
64.13 8029 

... 83X8 






Short Gift 

Jun - 


Promos day's total open interest 1216 
85.24 9530 95.17 9532 193 

n/t 95-52 0 

n/1 0 

Long Gilt 




Dec ..... 

FT-SE 100 





Jun 147.00 

P revious day s total open Interest 8173 
109.15 109.01 109.08 3033 

10930 0 

110.16 0 
110.16 0 

Previous day's total open interest 2226 
14530 144* (45.15 398 

14700 147.00 146.75 1 


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6S8 ssa 
155 IIS 
302 3*5 
155 123 
12a es 

108 83 

194 TU 

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33'. S5 
374 SIS 
63 64 

S3 T2 
sas 523 

115 97 

127 95 
330 254 
148 112 
480 348 
528 363 
199 160 

116 B9 

128 103 

302 254 

142 114 
79 85 

119 91 
126 SS 
97 76 

166 12? 
348 166 
296 24? 
165 ao 
590 415 

303 235 
296 233 
109 7E 
1(3 100 
560 4Q5 
132 105 
134 100 
163 120 
343 268 

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125 103'. 
312 251 
146 HO 
I6i 127 
197 152 
270 202 
275 220 
177 138 
292 228 
550 448 
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339 362 
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♦0 7 36* 
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Gill A Fra CO C*t1 
Tit Ol irtv Trusts 
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St George me Corooravon Sl Coeawr, CVl 

128.4 105 

0203 553231 
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F*r Easi 7a Accum 1066 1134 
Euro Til Actum 10 1 |37 3 
Genera Tool 203 7 2166 

1128 10. 
01 6 214 « 

165 0 175 5 
512 00 
79 1 032 

♦OB 179 
*08 179 
♦22 539 
♦16 50 
*07 301 
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♦30 025 
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PO Bo> 4*2 . 32 St Mary-eMM. London EC3P 3 aj 
01-623 9333 

‘acorn* 47 t 506* 

N Amor TruU 1106 117 6 

Beewery 180 5 1708 

GniTaai 3S.& 3Ssn 

Sr Vincent Inc 73 7 ?S.0c 

Si Vmoirv US Get 71 8 746c 

Taraple Bar Sm Cos 141.7 1495 

Do accun 
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♦15 1 16 
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*0.7 625 
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income Trial 3l2 335 

Mamwanai Tool 01 01 

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10 7 181 1 -03 10 

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Prerner UT Mai. & Royiam no. Braxwooo 

0277 217918 

Three Quayv Tare Ha ECM 680 
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♦16 042 

♦ IS 412 
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0 Fetsburj Square. London EC2A IDA 
01-60 57S7 

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Do Accun 
Ausi 8 Gen me 
Do Accun 
Comm ft Gen Ire 
Do Accun 
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01-506 4493 

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920 96 6* 
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71 6 7HJ9 
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1700 10 7 
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1049 1105 
1179 <24 1 
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-04 658 
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•71 118 
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87 1 P32a 
107 1 usic 
1618 1732 

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6*9 696 
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133 4 141* 
30 5 325 

+05 426 
-13 212 


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• 14 120 

♦ 14 020 
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O'-^m :oie 

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0732 J62222 

Arroer Faulty Income 

Amer Shear 3n s 
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Growm 8 income 
Japan Specra SrS 
japan Tn«r 

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Ma» Income Gaiety 
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29 7 

3l 6a 

1J52 1233 
6*6 995 
29 4 31 3c 
26 8 288 
1217 1331 

+42 092 
-00 523 
♦IJ 049 
♦05 351 
+03 9.77 
♦t.l 4 93 
♦32 03S 
+ 18 584 
-03 287 
-03 025 
+48 145 

_ 2225 2344 
GrE Edqed Fund 890 929 
u*xw Gma he 2122 22* 0 
Ttet«x*aqy fu"0 184 1 IMA 
Nhura Rewurces in 8 1180 
ScaoM SBuaWns 2393 2528 
Norm America Fund 2*73 28l 1 

F« East Fiord 
Managed Fund 
Drew Fund 
1 Res 

Property Fund 

Managed Currency 
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243 4 2569 
2526 2867 
13*6 1417 
1848 1735 
1317 1387 
1090 T19.1 
1153 1217 

+5 6 


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Far Earem inc 
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Gara# fncoma 
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Goto (ream* 

Do Accun 

♦78 530 
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+58 119 
-01 620 
-02 620 
♦21 215 
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NLAToruer. Addaconoe Road. Croyocm 

General ire ■«» 

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ireci-e Funo |7| 
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Dp Arxum |J1 
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1796 1892 
2632 297 9 
850 01 
147 4 15*7 
1103 1152 
14*6 1510 
903 1 9681# 
953 6 10223 

-09 *01 
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-09 540 
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>109 213 
>116 213 


8 CipsOv Sq. London EC3A 6AN 
01-638 5858 

Secutly Fuid 
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Amencan Eaampt 
Jacan Eiemot 
Am Property Tsl 
Property Trust 

£345 6 3532 +1268 t 57 
£2781 2867 + 705 t SI 

SI 1*27 0 . 775 

£20870 .. 6.10 


'75- Hqn Hotoom. London WC1V 6PY 

01-2*2 M40 

549 58 3a *2 

3 Lendui Wat Bwgi. Lwioon wu. umdon 

hw na pona Fund 
Deter Fund 
Cipal Fuio 
hepma Fund 
Prop«ri» S«ne» 'A 
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Franco! Fund 

C£ Japan Fund 


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F+cnti Amencan 

2*29 204 
2784 2967 
136 6 144 7 
134 7 1433 

•18 507 
-61 071 
*53 1-22 


EC 2M 5NO 
01-628 5181 
Amer 6 Gen ire 
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Amer Tunamd Ire 
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Caiwii i3i 

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309 6 3259 
237J 3497 
256? 269 7 

*59 10 
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01-588 >815 

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219 6 2336 
224 6 238 8 

20T4 2206 
213 8 227 4 
1750 100 
2086 2218 
7B8 63 »• 
103 2 1096a 
1314 139 6a 
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1*82 157 6 
164 J 17*8 
640 660 
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1122 1192# 
121 A 1290# 

♦1i8 057 
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♦27 318 
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2233 235.1 
2183 2299 
2358 2*83 
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3214 23X1 
2529 2858 
205 0 2158 
3316 3482 
2060 2169 
Managed Sente A' 244 9 257 8 

..Do X 1021 191 7 

Managed Unit <25 7 4492 

Mfe TWO Fund 2360 2485 
Money Sene* A' 16*3 1739 
Murat Unas 2101 2212 

Gouty Fund 278 3 2930 

Fired interest Fund 1049 194.7 
hde«*d Secs Find 1015 1069 

European Fund 

JWui «es Fund 
Fat East Funo 
Smaller Co 1 Fund 

Sow* Sits Fund 

Man Cuterev Funo 1396 1470 
Japanese Tech 13*0 1306 

*1 1 

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OP Accum 
htl he he 
Jip*r iceihc 
Jaotn Snore Acc 
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191 9 2034 
18X9 19*9 
3873 *10.7 
1107 us* 

>33 7 143.1 
2072 2198 
3219 3412 

5«3 5AS2I ... 

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563 59.1c +0.7 997 
825 085 +10 957 

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433 *68 -1 3 2 09 

2623 27X0 *09 5 79 

695 S 731J2 +24 5.79 

666* 7131# +1ST 2 AO 
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00 562 +05 5*5 

539 9 5759 
5783 6159 
719 7X8 
4810 4817 
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2839 309# 
3839 3957 
5823 0173# 
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567 1 0068c 

3236 3*07 
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285 0 300.0 
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DO ACOhl |3i 
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8755 9388c +139 286 
382.1 4082 +25 448 

£107? 11 54 +006 448 

1022 a -XI 1202 

3112 8- +05 1202 

8173 3205# +01 658 
817 9 626.1* -124 658 
+121 491 
-07 948 
+29 948 

II. Doraremre Sq. London EC2M 4YR 
01-623 4273 


Qb, » SWH 9A8 

01-222 100 

gtemW.Oprte,. Surrey 

w ant » O teas 
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W Smutty G+i 
I nre uiu am ret Fno 

1212 1299 
526 50.4 
5A6 575 
603 635 

♦SO 190 
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♦05 20 
♦05 350 



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0272 27771? 

Gerera Eqiaty 325 34 6 

Enuty Hqn *come 31 6 37 I 
Gil t Fn*o hr Gm 260 27 7 
moi> SecunMs 23 1 24 6 




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1764 >06 
271 2 3081 
1026 109 7 
1143 1222 
1448 1532 
1*89 1S7S 

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5*8 3 3615 
4337 4528 
57 4 813 
566 826 
903 959 
902 963 
622 663 
627 869 
408 *43 
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88 4 70.6 
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♦05 855 
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♦09 601 
♦09 6.01 
♦ 19 V00 
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20. Fenckuoi SL Lonoon EC3 

Dl-033 800 


16'. Cneaosroe London ECTV 6EU 
01.726 1999 

Capital Accum 
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income & Gramm 
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129 7 1369* 
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27*^?^ E?’ 0 '’ 61 ^ 2L Lonoon KSM 4YJ 
01-2X3 2575 Duang 01-620 9*3l 


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Japan 6 Genera 
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107 6 1141 
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874 929 
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129 9 1*03 
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99-100. San«ng Rd. UNdsttM. Kara MEM 1XX 

0622 674751 

MLA General 28 8 305 

MIA veemcnan# 456 +85 

MLA OB Ure 31 7 23 0* 

AXA hcome 339 359# 

MLA European 2*2 256 

♦03 245 
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+05 557 
♦08 097 


Growm umts 

Got X Fuao ht 
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Hgfi Yield Got urn 
ha Growm urai 
N American Unit 
Fa Eau Urns 
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income Fund 
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01-23* 5644 


48. Gnctetrectr Sl EC3P >W 
01-623 420 Eh 269 

1746 1859 

Do Accun 
npi Oreieas 
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279 0 296 9 
5138 3*66 
6Z4 6 66*5 
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57 7 614* 
SX7 572 
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0603 62220 

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123* -33 192 

66. Cannon SBML London EC4N SAE 
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heptna S Grow# *75 MS 

Sceoal Ste 6X5 734 

Amarean Growtn 32 1 j*.i 

Jtean Gromdi 3X6 41 1 

6jjope*n Grottei 52* 5di# 

UK finer* «SS 487 

note Growm 336 seo 

jrei inco me 29J • 313 

Piaoed hcome *55 *8* 

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7X2 81. 1 
1127 1108 
1BA 10X9 
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103 1153 
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185.7 1875 

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♦27 134 
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+28 XXI 

pevEiuw- UNmnuxT 

4E_ H utSBn eL Heriey On Dtean 

0*81 57880 


YAmekM n*c 

Amer Growth 
hd Emerp Co s 
Far East flradi 

2302 2475 
181 X 1733 
1289 1384# 
65.1 05# 

889 749 
5X2 803 

4X7 131 
+20 538 
-1.* 139 
+13 U7T 
♦i.4 oxa 
+1 A 1.12 




London EC2 

Comr GM 

Fir EatHrn 

9SA 1004 
15T2 1603 
B36 38.7# 
1204 1327 
12X2 1374 
16X8 179.0 
10X5 11X7 
707 7X0* 

♦13 1.68 
*13 45fi 
-02 7.10 
+49 028 
+28 230 
+33 098 



Ohg YU 

US Grown 



-10 Q45 
+15 2X2 

Umvaroai Growm 




0705 827733 
Amencan he 



+20 I6D 

Da Accum 


128 7 

+2i 180 

Austrian he 



-20 if® 

DO Accun - 


70 la 

-24 L88 

European he 



+V9 139 

Do Accun 



+18 124 

C& 0 Food he 



Do Accun 


79 ia 

Gou Funo he 



-1? 367 

Oo Accum 



-1? 367 




+29 5X7 

Oo Acorn 

3227 345 7 

+83 527 

ma hcome 



Oo Acoan 



Oder Omg • TJa 

Piute he 

Do i _ ..... 

A* Sian* Fe 
UK Capo* 
Sproal Ss 

tee up <31 

. 703 75o 
659 916 
ttl 172 
559 59 7* 
766 8*2# 
439 4X9* 
500 S3* 
1230 1312 
653 <97 
1223 088 


+ 2 i an 

403 222 
•05 0X6 
*07 7» 



41? 22> 

2 S *re» An*. LOrtm EC3* 8fe . 

01 “ 


882 70* *02018 

Jaa 5n*r cod Ac 
SmqMMrn X MaMy 
Do Accun 
SmaBN Cos he 
pO Accun 
Sotaot Sns he 
Oo Accun 
Tokyo Fuh MC 
Oo Accun 
US Snare Co s Ac 
UK Ewart he 
Do Accun 

968 10X5* 
*72 MA 
481 514 
1112 1189 
1161 194 1 
»fl 961 
93D 984 
ISO* 1608 
151.4 1619 
S38 573 
01 952 
1362 14X6 
878 0 725.1* 
108 lOT-Xe 
46*0 4962a 

•37 fli 
•13 139 
♦13 l» 
♦ I* 156 
*15 10 
-05 145 
+05 145 
*40 027 
*39 027 
♦t.» 024 
*12 339 
+1.7 339 
. 238 

-04 186 
.. 197 


ww House. 2 Pod#* oust uwainECW 
01-2*8 12S0 

Amencan Gromdi 
Genera Growm 
GhOh Teen 

Japan Groom 
Cuts Grown 
store cos 
SataU Opus 

335 357 
+53 4X5 
360 3BE 
Sta 3X2 
*20 *50* 
28 4 303 
3X3 41-.1 
503 836 
SX9 57.4# 

+08 20 
•05 0« 
4fl2 1H 
4fl3 7-lP 

+68 DM 
-IO 1 4 

, J« 
*03 10 
464 »?* 



38. Si Andrews Sq. Etmugb 

031-556 9101 

1298 1381 
1912 2034 

+22 383 
+32 3S3 

T9. Si Andrews Sq. Echpufe 
031 225 2211 

SrereohcW 4022 4302 
Do Acoan (51 8560 6*53 

ftreap F« [*j »< 2343 

Op team 2292 2455 
Bong Ant dm ft) 227 8 2296 
Oo Accum W - 256 1 29X2 

Ftetralnc FUJOMJ (483 iS>2 
SJW Vrer O} 150.6 M>4 
SAW Sank Secs 1082 1150 

436 4.10 
♦88 <418 
Hi 1*2 
+46 342 
+46 531 * 
*13 1 49 
♦02 038 




1529 106 
108 1492 
1265 1354 
IBS-4 1983 

♦X? 215 
+26 10 
+27 007 
+X* 073 

18 O mrean (ta. BnhOi 
0272 732941 


Do Acc 

UK Equity 
G# X Frteo 
UK Sn* Co* 60 



1454 1547 
10*5 1112 
1217 1295 
1528 1825 
1031 1097 
M39 1212 

+18 26« 
+UJ 679 
+12 228 
+42 10 
+35 213 
+28 091 

5l-«D tori i*. horo Eure. IG1 20L 
01-47B 3377 

H erein E tyity 
Hofcorn Cun* 

3643 3769 

70.1 745 
500 5X1 
56 0 615a 

81.1 662# 
6*5 866 
605 647 
S*1 575 

, . arreth 71.1 7X8e 
Homoro on That teas 16X6 

+18 X47 
+18 088 
+1.1 092 
+04 7 02 
+21 07B 
+18 085 
♦47 10 
*1.1 27? 
+04 322 
+18 X79 


81 Laodon EC2V 7LH 

01-600 4177 

; 3077) 3005 +X5 387 

QueMem hcome 2005 21339 +26 e 26 
taW jrm Fd MB 3842 +U iM 

OueWem Hecorory 2218 2375 *07 013 

ai .ISoust**- U3naa ' 400 
NC Amenee Ire 353 5 2698 

Do Aocun 2726 29CL0 

NC Ener-- BBS 1*55 1547 

NC hcome 77.1 0?o 

NC^gn 1342 1427 

NCSmooerCos 1106 101 

NC Sm* Europ Co's >00 1*68 

NC Eumor Gk E114 0 1190 

NC Amer Prop S11 57 1Z18 

NC Property 1865 19X3 

+83 1 11 
+88 1 IT 
-39 271 
-07 4J0 
+27 am 
+0 7 2*3 
*12 0 40 
-18 70 

+58 587 
+4-1 088 

1 175 124 g +1 a 4 61 

93 8 10 1# *1612(5 


LO noon We* EC? IDE) 

01-50 1015 

hv Ftinu 
Frate ht 

366 05 
'3? 55 


Cr-rW Houm Wf+jnn ijU?l 1*W 
aioc- La Vl 1 

-8*0 404 
-250 10 79 
II 70 

HrCTi KlCCiltl- Trial 
'jrcwia Trusi 
Amer.ran Ttmt 

1993 ?t32 
190 3 203 %* 
1190 10 I* 

- 12 00 
♦OB 35* 
+26 0 7B 

4 C<+K*nl Emaqn 

031 -i>9 H9T 

Arnyrcm Funo 649 S94 
Ceretl Funo 74 a MO 

Grown* 4 he fthd Mi 2 121 V 
mqrr OTI Fund W8 960 

im-nu&orui Fire 167 7 1794 
Res-Dutpn Fund 30 5 21 0 

Sow JAP Co s Fno 

To+ro Fund 
iEj! Amer 121 
rEal Japan 131 
■Err note |4I 

iE«l Smaaer Jap 14) 1580 1S32 

Eurofund 23 3 J4 8 

Bain Hcaa QielMnium Guucsyter GL53 7U3 
03*2 SCUM 

2 SI Mary Ant London ECV* 98P 
01-623 121? Dealing 01-623 5768 Oeateg 01-623 

American Trust 60 4 05 7 

*jSVBlan Trust 200 21 2 

Brmyn Tsl Accum 49 4 529 

De Dm 4X3 464a 

Commodoy 9n 56 4 60 0 

European Tots 430 *60c 

Eitrs hcome Trust 41 5 44 .4 

Far Enthi Trust »0 962 

Fued imemsf Fima 2* 6 it 2 m 

a 11 Trim 2* 8 259 

Qiooa) Funo Accun 136. * 1462 
Oo Dal 1300 1384 

Cam snare Trust >33 142 

Hecoea Amencan 273 293 

t+Ui htxjroe Tnnt MS? 125 1# 
ndnq Kong Torsi 274 29 3e 

krome Fund 61 6 6699 

wsrajnce Agencies CW 79 « 94 


S-ao^dM*" 81 EC * n ^ 

Amer Growth 
Do Accum 

*22 600 
-1 1 a +0 
*02 234 
+02 234 

-19 127 
+1 5 a»> 
-05 565 
♦3 5 0 44 


*30 D27 
+2 9 0 27 
-1 1 20 
-14 0 10 
♦16 5 8* 
*12 086 
-1 3 396 
+0 40 238 


Do hcome 
Far Ereero 
O* Toot 

ht Monreod 
itural fl*9 

Neural 1 

N A m enc an Trust 
UK Speoai Ses 

3639 3956 
527 564* 
593 63 4« 
58 4 828 

S 7 

96.4 710 

435 4EB 
£8.0 7X8* 
523 5699 

+24 239 
+05 238 
♦01 532 
*1.1 227 | 
+2A 080 
+18 836 

+iA ia 

-24 46a 
+21 203 
+03 281 


0«». tahfrBy-See. vnrowB. 

09 287 

USE 1237 
1324 139 7 
®i 027 
?120 210 9 

j, I Japan Trust »7 iqi 9 .Jo are 

~0 9 I M4ru»d EromtU 2325 24 22 -07 390 

-3? 1 ^ I 9* *°yq i _ Tr ” 33 0 352# -03 102 

♦07 1 06 

-06 205 
-04 DIO 
•01 020 
+S 7 2 19 
-05 029 
*39 104 
•4 1 0 IP 
-10 4 03 

Special Sns Trus 762 01 6 

UK Srr* C 1 R« Tfl GO 9 652 

W-icnestor use 77 London no* Lonoth EC2N 

0*44 459144 

Da «ca>n 
Erargy un) 

Do accun 
Ean heune 
Da Accun 
Genaan Gh he 
DO Accun 


European Growth 
Do Accum 

Do Accum 

09 A FuM Accun 
Do Accun 
hremaaon ai 
Do Accum 
Do Accum 
ne e d i er y 
Do Accum 
Etempt Dre 
E+41R0) Accun 

Un BaUreM he 
Do Acajnr 
Un Growm Accum 
UK M.jtl Inc inc 
N Amencan iom 
F ar Eatlsro actum 
EuriOruri Accun 
'. Gfl 4 Ft roc 
Do Accun 

57 3 
60 8 

40 0 

61 » 
61 1 
BO 9 
69 + 

*06 3?7 
-00 377 
-00 1 9J 
-14 1 59 
- 20 OK 
•II '3 
-OS 9 77 
*05 9 77 

01-580 5630 

Amencan Growth 
Amman me 
Euopean Grown 
Gou 6 Uinerea 
Japan Growm 

UK Soeoai Once 

60 0 75 7 

502 622 
6+B 693 
164? M56 
44 5 47 6 
KM t IIS 6 
012 654 

71 5 79 Ba 

-1 0 190 
-10 160 
• 14 6 10 

-33 035 
-14 179 
-4 9 024 
-10 4 J4 
-0* 236 

DO Accun 
hd Tech 
DO Accun 


35 FijurtUet Si Manene«ia< 

001-236 5685 

E-luJatlc Pelican 
rwjn inrnnw Truer 



700* -0 5 367 

009 +00 583 


RoyM E» EC3P 3CN 
01-408 9901 
0*1 A Fr.eo ht 
■lnjyrf-1 Eouci 

H Afivgr^n 


Pnxmti Snare 
hw CunMiws 
.rm3DUI> Tcu?| 

1 Accun 
N Amer 8 Gen 
Do Acaeti 
Pocac Beam 
Dr km 
Srnalor Onlta 
Dc Accun 
TWdwtfi Grown 
Do Accun 

81 0 968 
942 1002 
47 2 50 2 

4X4 S!« 
KJ39 1105 
10X0 H14 
?14 0 227.6 
344 7 386 8 
7X9 798 
88 4 872 
680 712 
74 4 791 
200 3 2110 
247 2 36M 
1046 1112a 
>060 1133# 
157 9 187 9 
1870 1778 
195 9 301 9* 
299 5 306 7# 


*33 1 85 
*96 181 
+ 13 4 89 
+12 489 
*23 144 
♦23 144 
♦5 4 148 
+87 248 
+06 834 
•0.7 834 
+08 483 
*00 *93 
+49 132 
+60 132 
+43 0.00 
-*6 000 
+13 201 
♦ 14 2BI 
+0 7 3 10 
+48 110 


? fere. London EC4R 9AS 

01-636 56TB 

Secunaes c?i 

5Kn ,r S ,w 

Fate hwreR 
7*9P hrerosr 
Far ean ta 

208 0 2110 
SSSO 6100c 
■430 140S 
3265 3345* 
135 0 1560 
1130 1150 
1528 155.0 

+36 287 
-10 190 
+X0 007 
-55 228 
+1.0 275 
♦0513 10 
♦48 027 

NJJW Ka« f^c*. Leterpoal L88 3HS 
031227 4422 

Equ*y Trull 
htt Trust 
Get Trust 
US Trust 
Paore Baan Tw 


afcS!3" ^ c ~“ ,co ’ ,RA 

cpuiwoodHe*. srear Sl Heeo. arareo Bi 3RQ 

l>J Accum 
C u ra uxw y A Gen 

Esira Ntgn he 


G0 A Faed he 
De Accun 

mg” Trent 
Do Occur 

n2+ 1160 
1806 1922 
2652 274 0c 
late 1*03 
15* I 1640 
199 4 3122a 
1702 1898 

19«1 3533 

-I I 983 
-14 232 
*32 309 

-as :» 

-3 4 061 
-16 1 94 
-31 its 
+1* 075 

20 CL nor- Si LOMon EC2A044Y 
01-920 0311 

i Accun 
Do Aca*n 
Japan 0 Paste 
Do Acoen 
N Amencan he 
Oo Accun 

Ouetsees Growth 
Do nawn 
Smoeet cm he 
Oo Accun 

703 743# 
945 101 1# 
1104 1178 
152 0 1631 
524 500* 
»1 630* 

503 525 
794 829 
130.3 MB 9 
2102 2306 
1*70 157 4* 
2*02 256 2# 
1645 1986 
1932 2060 
971 1035 
1158 123 S 
94 0 101 1 
U36 1212 
00 5 9* 3a 
92 4 998* 

*02 280 
♦02 260 
-3 5 337 
-50 337 
♦03 051 
-02 051 
*13 626 
-23 026 
-05 4 12 
+ 14 4 12 
*3 7 023 
-38 023 
+36 I 15 
+4 4 1 15 
•2 1 1 14 
-25 I 1+ 
-'0 2 74 
+18 274 

Equn C»N 
Ds A«un 
G+t Trail 
On Accun 
t+gn rrx— r Dot 

%0 l(fi 2 
13*0 1428 
«’ 5 SOI 
509 536 
770 BS.O* 

*19 174 
♦25 174 
+05 498 
♦03 498 
-1 7 S 18 


163 ta*'--. 
0*1 221 9292 

Glasgow G2 2UH 

1026 1089* -it 4t3 
1768 18X7 -&5 <33 

Ammo n Growth 
Capri# Accun 
G4i income 

780 037# 
I960 16X6 
*96 523 
043 Mb 
79 3 04 4a 
008 6*7 
071 934 


28. Wastgm Rd. RomtonJ rmi 3L8 

hcome a Oowdi 
Japan Growth 
Soeoai S4* 

+35 094 

♦ 15 ZM 
♦05 96? 
*05 59* 
+O0 507 

♦ 22 008 
♦09 166 

68-73 rti ggi 91. Ednpumn EM2 4NX 
(Rumtord) 070648986 Or lEdm 031-226 7351 

Amer Inc X Growth 
Cap*# Lhaa 

Energy mas 
euooear> Growth 

Exempt ire Bnd 
OO Ml 1431 
Financial Sacs 
G* A Fl he 
H^r Return urns 
1+gn had Units 
eroome Unit* 
invesoneiK Trus - 

Japan Growm 
Japan 9»*h Cos 
New Teetnotoqy 
Sfi a$u Growm 
aowi w l d i 

SN*e I Internationa' 
Share GO* inc 
5NM< Sduucm 
UK Eouiy 

S3 8 

7i *e 
009 065 
50 7 534 
1524 162 » 
1430 152 9 
853 912# 
75 3 805 

104 7 1M3 
80? 0«3 
943 100 6 
245 261 
93 1 99 7# 
92 5 909 
109? 116 7# 
1434 1*03 

1354 144 0 

69* G9S 
1283 137-2 
TUB 85.1 
154 8 Ifi56# 

+1 1 7 76 
♦31 249 
-12 158 
-15 3*5 
+2* 073 
.. B 12 

-22 101 
+20 259 
♦0 1 1 1 Q1 
+ 12 557 
-17 5 OB 
•09 618 
-OB 281 
-14 3 SB 

♦0* 317 
*18 . . 
•23 IB* 
♦24 3.01 
-0 7 *57 
+ 1.5 4.87 
•1 I 145 
*20 5 12 
+0* 231 
♦ 10 26* 


29 Otarrate Sq. C dinbu H di 
031-226 4372 

tare age 4-g 

rsissr* SI 

330 354 

income Funo 3X4 41.T# 

Oo Accun 
Do Accun 

Far Eastern 

Go Accun 
Fh t Pino 
Do Accun 
Gil CapC# 
Oo *a» 
G* home 
Do 1 

H £ Y *° 


♦05 080 
♦ 05 OTB 
*24 358 


&JS §&***-* 



1M.1 2109 
2202 Z4G7 

+05 313 
♦04 313 

* lonoon EC1Y 2AY 

01-638 eon 

Amer Tech X Gen 

Sec hconw Fno 
SpeaaJ Smurens 
Energy & Res 
Amencan Maori 
SmM Cos 
Japw Teen A Gan 
•mernaaon# income 
UK Genu# 

095 10X5 
1296 130 7 
WX7 15X1* 
1B&0 1795 
34 7 2X4# 
8X5 712 
323 3*6 
893 74? 
515 55.1* 
<39 9 4706* 
242 259 

♦39 010 
♦42 009 
+1 * 5.16 

-1.0 0 10 
+25 250 
♦06 206 
+20 0 10 
*05 < ^ 

- . 256 
-05 3.10 

Do Atzua 
M Eammgs 
Dp Accun 
h6 Growm 
Op Accum 
Japan Growth Acc 

NMual Resources 
Do Action 
N Amer Growm 
Do Ape 

Oo Accun 
Smare Cos Dtv he 

Smaler Cos 
Do Accun 
Speoai Sas 
Do Accun 
Eucoean Growth 

825 6X9 -41 '27 

S4.7 BS2 -42 127 
204.1 301-3# +11.398 
S01S 6323# +20 890 
2*57 2812# +8? 874 
5523 98X2# rjl JW 
1366 14X1 *23 8X1 

14X7 iSftfl +45 0X1 
<59 4X0# +8?M9 
«X 744# 11.0 a 99 
1149 1195 -19 711 

7281 T3+3 +12 Til 

1025 10SA +091025 
1000 1660 +141025 

4X4 495 +08 795 

991 105.6 +12 70S 

1973 2093a -I# X02 
99X1 6343# +49 602 
IMS 1539 +29 298 

20X8 222 * +43 296 

701 74? rfllMl 
726 77.4 +1.0 0 93 

703 8T8 +28 020 

1X78 17X8 -10* 205 


1335 1-220# +43 097 
1079 1150 

529 56.4# 

1614 1719# 

2140 2280# 

87 6 83 3 
91.0 57 0 
85S 91A 

-0.4 n 21 

-04 663 
♦0* 683 
-84 2.82 

-04 252 

+21 VH 


I. London MM SU 

07-588 3644 Ext X 

Special Sis » 

London EC2M SPT 

iMHaarCmte SL SMsPuy SP1 3SH 
0722 338242 
UK Equiy 
PaaAc Bare 
M An# 


® J3*22,«6fe«. eota 2ar 

01-338 3063 

1091 USX 
1005 1150 
114.0 1205 


+ 2 ? 


440 *75 +08 1X0 


Eurawg? BC 2xz 

hcome Ures 
op Acorn urns 

216 4 2320 
237 1 25*2 

• 17 330 
♦1.8 338 

O rowh me 

Si* 1 

(ta Accum 
M#4 Gan 

W&3 18 

2300 a» 

... . 8*4.7 
1755 *J» 


45. &0"OB6 Sq. EOhbufe 

Aflhgoon Rdh AM# 

11X4 1185 
167* 17X1 
5X0 5X6 
£53-15 94X1 

873 mu 

+85 339 
+13 *91 

-is a 

.. 45b 

031-226 3371 
American FuM 
Do Accun 
Do Wmaraw# 
Ausnaa«< Ftmo 
Do Acaoa 
ae*n Fund 
Do Accun 
XnMar Fuio 
Oo Accun 


01-028 1533 
American That 
M Era 0 Gen 
Natural Rnoutae 
hcome Thai 

1 Growth 

7, DnoUM Sa Londth I 

*fe#e» Hmh. 7, Deruarwe Sq. 

Cire ou en Onm 
Hang Kang 

OBJ 705 
8*9 8X5 
«L0 743 
739 7X4 

1173 1360c 
WI 375 
431 4X4# 

1133 1206 
409 43X 
£13 Q£ 

+13 Ite 
♦IX 1* 
+1.1 L* 
♦05 5 »a 
•2.1 0» $ 
♦O' 20 

-1? 1* 
+06 20 
♦IX V» 
♦OX 30 


2S»^52? rtw - MORPW". Sussex 
0403 SBZB3 

Eouay Trust Ace 
w Am Trust acc 
Far East Thai tee 

3*22 3049 
54 0 57.4 
57.7 813 

♦39 2X9 
• 14 194 
♦10 098 

PO Btur3 Keans Hse Andorra Kan*. S#io IPG 
0264 62188 Dearegs920* 6432 

IX cnanam Sq- Edhourot 
OBI-225 101 

IBM -15 0-2 
1X0 -09 00 

500 .. 30 

AaMtattn GOU 



American he 

DO Accun 
Extra hcome Inc 
Do Accum 
General Ura he 
Do Accun 
09 0 Fneo he 
Do Aocun 

tanc ire 
Do Accun 
Inc Inc 
Oa Accim 
Sueeite (taps he 

Do Accum 
Nn*# Res 
Do Acann 

lQT2 mi 
111 8 1100 
949 1009c 
1091 1101c 
1300 1*79a 

+35 1 10 
+37 1 10 
♦09 577 
♦10 6 77 

2260 04069 *2*1 IH 
45 S 4/49 +0 4 940 
662 607# -- - 

10X9 1078 
2652 3035 
1194 127 I 
1324 1303 

S « 2019 
4 3*53 
519 56 3 
5 65 803 
444 473 
45 4 4X3 

2 Haney u EC3 BBT 
01-006 900516 

am DW Git Fund 603 613 +01 >0 

• Ejc tevMeniL a Cum awdaad. » 
Oon «ock smk. a Be stack teML *... 
Swim iany two or more or above ,/ 
Ex tel Laay two or more of temye* 

a a ewiMiiati 

♦25 075 
*26 07S 
♦72 I 86 
+X7 1X8 
•05 1X7 
+06 107 
-17 2A7 
-1? 243 


Grathr^ Rt 

NO. AytePuy Bucks 

Amer Eafe 





fwocson-Spoc Sis 
Era# hcome 
Git hc o me 

Guo hcome 
Do Accum 

MaUy X G h gauu e 

718 766 
39 6 25 ia 

749 80.1 
3*7 37.1 
111 1 11X9 
N5 8*2 
KB1 1093c 
229 0 2450 
97 7 1025c 
5X5 626 
106 7. 1143 
Tl 5 7X4 
BOX 639 
199 203 

*1 1 


0 10 









+11 ) 









1^ , 


working ' 

day of . 


immov OS) ism or m 

™SSSM^i?l«STSwfei9 « 

: M2) XJUT mLS 


The quotations on this 
relate w : 
iy’s trading 

tf^ZCi 2^^'~ y 7j^y ' - ; - 

*.fc«#> Cf >ist> I 


- urV vtMUi4VU . mill 1 

gar- House b ©a the va 
making an agreed £l h 

^ about its Lord Weir counters 
, „■_... sbongjy , arguing that the 
. mat Trafej- premium over the bid repre- 
®nts investors* hopes that 
wit wjiou they win receive additional 

offer fdr IT iL whi receive aadmonat 

refofonS compensation. TheoretjcaUy 

"P- M 4 V UIUI 45 . 

denies that talks 


Sit *5? *? K no * to say their faith in market theory. 
S“ 52, fee not taken The Weir ZpS 
Itoce. Aral leaks ti> the press that large shareholders are 

trJaU. „ r - ““sc MnucnoKicrs are 

-IStSri 1 ^ ays of tesun 6 the • not free to sefl in quantity in 

'institutional water. - 
’ Most of the inanitions 

the market. - Yarrow has 
fewer than 400 shareholders. 

* — " itwu moil huu hUaTaiQIQCI), 

nave, some holding in so the market in its shares is 
sector slock, somewhat restricted. Large 
out Hi* feeling 15 that the shareholders therefore have 
mtMMy would fit well into to decide whether Yarrow’s 
rrcffiiigar House if it in turn shares would slip if the bid 
wishes to -come . back into - failed. 

(property development. 

- -a -- --r— — : . Yarrow ays companies 
- 1 rataigar has been, busy comparable' with its trading 
arvesung itself of property subsidiaries, the consultancy 
investments, but develop- YARD and Control Sys- 
ment is another story alto- terns, trade on a multiple of 


18 times earnings on aver- 

Hefty property assets ac- age. ft says the Wesr bid 
qiured through MEPC capi- values the trading businesses 

hilnwl o* jr»tc 1 n ° ■ 

talized at around £715 
million, would give Trafal- 
gar a. useful base from which 

on only 8 times earnings. 

The problem for Yarrow 
is that its trading record 

to raise money by taking reflects its efforts to rebuild 
equity. Pundits . are looking the company after national- 
to Trafalgar to make a large ization of the ship-buikling 
and successful acquisition. . assets rather than the growth 
MBPQ in tarn could be in achieved . by companies in 
for a change in management similar businesses, 
ats .its managHig- -director. Mr - . The prospect of fester 
Christopher Benson, spends 'growth is alluring and the 
•more of his time running the feet that Weir would be left 

London Docklands Develop- with . 28 per cent of the 
menl Corporation — a rote shares from : which il or 
he took oyer from Sir Nigel another company could 
Broackes, the chairman of. launch another bid in the 

Trafalgar House. 




wounds For staying with 

VY euy X iHJTOW Yarrow, but shareholders 

... . . must be uneasy about the 

f**™ to pay out cash. Is 

May which hopcs wiD tafifJftE fc 

’££.“«** * own money ? 

Friday, or, if Weir chooses Midland Rank 
40 :e*ftad the offer 

bours, Saturday to decide Midland Bank’s . annoimce- 

whelber to accept . 

,Ai first sight the issue 
seems simple.. . Yarrow’s 
share price stands well above 
the offer, although the pre- 
mium is not as high as it 
was at the end of last week 
when Yarrow said the bid 
valued each share at 488p. 

Yesterday the offer, was 

. ment 'last week that it was 
divesting itself of die disas- 
trous Crocker National in- 
vestment was greeted with 
understandable euphoria by 
the slock market. It is dear, 
however, that Midland is fer 
from being out of the wood 
— its exposure to Latin 
America has shot up because 

^Otth:o02pUigai^ loans, 


The board reposts that ..the . 
‘ current year to tbe end of next 
September has started en- 
i couragingly with turnover and 
? profits ahead of the co m p a rable 


- r - * 

* • PLAXTONS (GBf): The an- 
v nual meeting was told that the 

* depression ra the coach, in- 
dustry, partly caused by un- 
certainties in respect of .de>. 
regulation and the prhouisatiOD 
of tbe national bus company, is 

„ cpntum^g itfjihe present year. 

* Tiris. coupfed witb' intense 
: competition from European 
~ bodybuilders is. continuing to 

- put pressure on margins. 

company is to boy Cabana, a 
manufacturer of soft drinks. In 

9 the year to Jan. 31, 1985, 
l Cabana reported profits before 
v tax of .£343.207 and had net 

* assets at that date of £812,976. 
The vendors have warranted 

-. dial the pretax trading profits 
■* excluding extraordinary hems 
for the c uncut year 1-86 will be 
r.uoi less -than £400.000.- 
.« 'AND TRADBVGiThe company 
-: is tb acquire. the coaL merchant 

> "business of Mr A C P Butt of 
''-.Bristol for a total consider- 
; jation of 100,000 ordinary stock 
« units and a cash sum of 
v -£54,000 and an amount equal 
. to the valuation of stocks of 
r coal acquired- The valuation of 
Z -the -coal stocks is not -expected 
*■' to exceed £80,000. 

- -MENT: Bramber Engineering, 
'* the automotive coil and taper- 

leaf spring . manufacturing di- 
vision of Stephenson Blake 
(Hldgs) has -been taken over. . 
The factory, at Tooypandy, 
South Wales, has a turnover of 
£6 million. 

• WHEWAY: Mr • Edward 
Jeynes, the chairman, told die 
annual meeting that flaring the 
past year considerable changes 
in the group have taken it away 
from Us former reliance on. 
mining and have increased the 
non-manufacturing and service 
parts. All activities are now 
trading profitably. 

• THORN .-EMI: Following 

discussions between the com- 
pany. the Virgin Group and 
•.Yorkshire Television- — 
shareholders in the mute 
channel which operates the 
Music Box cable television 
programme dwm>i»i — Thorn’s 
50 per cent interest has been 
acquired by Virgin, which has 
assumed responsibility for 
Thom’s share of the losses 
before the end of last year. This 
involves the transfer to Virgin 
of Thom’s shares and loan 
stock for a nominal cash 
consideration and the payment 
to Thom of about £600.000 
cash. * 

CORPORATION: A dividend 
of Up (same).« being paid for 
1985. Turnover £17.55 million 
(£13.74 million). Group profit 
on ordinary activities before 
tax £510,000 (£1.25 millkin). 
Earnings * per share 3_97p 

TRUST: Six months to 
November 30: No interim 
income - dividend and interest 
on investments £54,635. In- 
terest on loans per cent 
deposits £88.010. Profits, less 
losses on dealings in invest- 
ments by subsidiaries £1 24^04. 

PACKET: For 1985. no divi- 
dend (nil). Turnover £16.34 
million (£1232 miffioo). Pretax 

* V ! BP: Mr Peter J. Bryers is 
- to be managing director of 
> • BP Far Edst and BP Japan 
' .. • Trading in the Tokyo office. 
*’ ■" Clarke Homes (Midlands): 

^ Mr John Bernard Cox has 
. .* v v been appointed land director. 
; > Daw McKee (London): 

. <*■ Mr Robert C Akroyd is 10 be 
" • ■ Z managing director. ' . . 

Fliteiinc: Mr.. Brace Hen- 
^ dersoa has been appointed 
. sales director. _ 

Crabtree- Becmcaf Indus- 
y ^ tries: Mr Gerry Fisk has been 
i 5 *--" '« named as managing director. 

The Scottish Provident 
Me Colin W McLean » to be 
i-* investment manager. He will 

m 4 04 also be a director of Scotusn 

* ‘ * Provident Managed Pension 

T Funds and Scottish provident 
Investment ManagemenL 
. Thermal Scientific: Sir 
-i* Christopher Leaver nas 
; S , v joined the board. 

' v *■ Safe Tflncy Tcchnotogc 
v Mr Terrj' Reynolds has been 
- ■' ^ appointed safes director. 
">•■*- British Rad En^neerin^ 
^ Mr Mike Beal is to be head 
; ©f information technology ax 
the Derby bcadquartfns. 

, ‘ Anglo Nordic HofdiggMr 

,*-J? JamST Bird. Mr Sydney 
'• ^BnrreH and Mr Tpw«D 
. , Wan. (directors of Pfibjjw 
“••• - / •' Holdings) J2£ 

^ . r boanLMrBirdhasafcobeen 

elected a deputy chairman. 

Mr Brian Wolfson. Mr Dong- 
las Ecdestoo and Mr Mi- 
chad Rkfont have been 
appointed directors of 
Pctbow Holdings after the 
takeover by Anglo Nordic. 

South Bank Technopark: 
Mr John McLean Fox. direc- 
tor of PA Management Con- 
sultants. has been appointed 
chairman. Mr Jeffe Jeffers 
has been named as managing 
director. - 

Humphreys & Glasgow: 
Mr James Law has been 
made group director, market- 
ing and corporate develop- 
ment. • : __ ': 

Northern Foods: Mr Tony 
Hu ghes is to be managing 
director of Nortbeni Foods 
Dairy Group. 

Domino Printing: Mr Jer- 
ry Leon Smith has been 
appointed an additional non- 
executive director. . 

Charles Barker Sir Rich- 
ard Baker Wffbrahaja has 
become a non-executive di- 

Xogjca: Mr Rad Bosomiet 
has bon appointed a non- 
executive director. 

James Beattie: Mr. RS- 
Tayfcr' has 'been owned as a 

Smith: Mr JE E Ebon 
becomes chairman- of W H' . 
Smith & ~Son W&V': 

Dairy Crest Foods: Mr- 

David Lewis has - become 
finance direct or. 

Interiingna/TTI Group: 
Mr Mike Eicfaner has been 
appointed 'executive chair- 

Austin Rover: Mr A W 
Sergeant has been named as 
director of Austin Rover’s car 
assembly plant at Cowley. 

Hewlett-Packard limited: 
Mr 'Robert E Ford has 
become director of finance 
and administration. • 

legal and General-Interna- 
tional: Mr John Batcher is to 
become deputy chief execu- 
tive m. Victory, the reinsur- 
ance subsidiary, from April 1 
' and chief executive from July 
_L He'wfli succeed Mr Alan 
Preston, chief executive, who 
is to retire. 

■ Crown Wallcoverings: Mr 
Ian Coffins has been appoint- 
ed managing director. 

Palma Group: Mr Frank A 
Bmqw has hem named as a 
director: He will also join the 
board ' of Tex Holdings, a 
wholly-owned subsidiary, as 
managing director; . 

’ Staybrite Windows: Mr 
Jim Hearashaw has been 
appointed chairman. 

Philips Efectroniqs: . Mr 
Revin Kennedy has become 
group managing --director for 
telecommunications and . data 



increasingly likely 

SS’Se tanffci'js 

property comoanv Si suggests that small bank sector could well turn 

v *3 i *** - ta S ourin,heD “ 12! 

?ctTor . is concerned about hs Lord W e ir coumers 65p in* 

: spernir a tfrm that TrafeL * ^BUjog^tfa at the in Midland shares after the 

gar- Houser b on the venae of ***** sdB foe 

ntalting an agreed £1 Son they win^Sre^Si^i weU above 01096 ^ 

&£ smsststis 


are nnder ^ to MidlaiMfs shares are vidd- 

MidfencTs shares are yidd- 
ing 7 5 compared with pro- 
spective yields of 6.5 for 
Lloyds, 6 for National West- 
minster and S.9 for Barclays. 

Brokers are predicting 
sharply higher profits for 
Midland over the last year, 
up from £134 miltion in 
1984 to around £340 million 
this time, partly as ? result 
of the improvement in 
Crocker's performance. 

There appears to be a 
levelling out of the yield 
spread within the sector, 
with the prospect of Lloyds 
climbing over the next year 
to match Midland’s yield 
level. • 

But despite its rapid 
improvements in profits 
Midland will have to ran 
hard to keep up, since the 
other banks are not la g gin g 
in tbe profits race. Barclays, 
for example, turned in £622 
million pretax in 1984 but is 
widely expected to break the 
£1 biffion marie in 1986. 

Prospects for the entire 
sector are inevitably over- 
bung by the spectre of oil 
prices. It is still too early to 
say where the ofl price will 
settle, but if it stays in the 
mid to low teens in dollars 

S rr barrel the banks dearly 
ce problems. Latin Ameri- 
can debt troubles, among 
Other things , will t alca on a 
new dimension of serious- 
ness and the stock market is 
not- likely to look mi a fresh 
round of reserving a pm<t 
non-performing loans with 
much tolerance. 

. Bank shares could even be 
adversely affected by. long- 
term uncertainty over the ml 
price. Tbe sector can really 
regard itself as being in the 
dear only if oil settles back 
at around $25 a barrel - but 
that does not look a fikdy 
level in the piesent'dimate 
of chaos among oil 
procuders. - 

loss £604,424 (£303,772). 

Extraordinary debit, £2.54 mn- : 
lion (£2-5 million). Loss per; 
stock unit before extraordinary 
item, 17.9p (13.5p) and after, 
109.7p (I2A.6P). 

PETROLEUM: Petrofina now 
owns or has received accep- 
tances for 127.75 million or- 
dinary shares (94.12 per cent). 

The company is to sell its Ipg 
interests to BP New Zedand . 
and New Zealand Industrial 
Gases for £26.5 million. / ’ ; 

• AGA: The group is to build 
- an air-separaliem plant for 
oxygen, nitrogen and argon in 
Brazil, involving an investment 
of $30 million (about £21.4 

half-year to Oct. 31, 1985. an 
interim dividend of l.2p (lp) is 
being paid. Turnover £5.77 
milli on (£2.64 million). Profit 
before tax £06 million (£1.16 

• BO WATER INC The com- 
pany has appointed Morgan 
Guaranty “ . and . Credit 

' Suisse/First Boston - as . co- 
dealers -to establish -a' $100 
minion Eurocomroenaal paper 
facility. . 

• AUTOMAGIC For the half- 
year to Oct .28, 1985, an 
interim of 2p (same) is de- 
clared. Turnover £3.45 million 
(£2.97 million). Pretax profit 
£153,000 (£125,000). Earnings 
per share L4p (I.2pX 

• GEORGE DEW: A total 
dividend of 6p (5.7p) is being 
paid fo tbe year to Nov. 3, 
1985. Turnover £29.96 million 
(£36.27 million). Profit before 
tax £1.06 million (£1.68 mil- 
tion). ... 

BES issue 
seeks £3m 

By Lawrence Lem 

City Shops, a new Business 
Expansion Scheme company, 
is seeking £3 million from 
investors to finance tbe 
purchase of retail outlets. To 
start with - it will operate 
under a franchise arrange- 
ment with H-Plan, a manu- 
facturer of high quality, 
custom-built bedroom furni- 
ture. but it intends to expand 
and diversify through agency 
and franchise arrangements 
with successful high street 

Tbe issue is sponsored by 
the licensed deafer, Baltic 
Asset Management, which 
has already raised money 
under the RFS to the 


Shares climb to peak 
on hopes of tax cuts 

Tbe stock market raced to 
new peaks as speculative 
fever continued. Hopes of big 
tax cuts in next month's 
Budget and receding fears of 
higher interest rates pushed 
up share prices in stores, 
foods, buildings and proper- 

A record dose on Wall 
Street on Friday night and 
firmer crude oil prices also 
helped sentiment Oil shares 
finned several pence to 
reflect crude oil gains. Golds 
finned between 50 cents and 
$ 1 . 

The bid scene was given a 
further boost by news of 
Van tens ViyeUa's agreed 
£734 million bid for Coats 
Patens, the Scottish textile 
company. Coats had previ- 
ously agreed a merger with 
Dawson International, the 
Scottish knitwear group, but 
found Vantona’s offer more 

Vantona lost 12p to 438 p. 
Coats gained 9p to 249p ana 
Dawson was 8p up at 216p. 

Companies reporting today 

By Our City Staff 

include Amstrad, which was 
4p higher at 292p. It has been 
a strong performer of late on 
hopes for its new compact 
disc system. 

Stenehfll was down 9p at 
82p ahead of its interim 
figures today. 

CotoroITs exercise of an 
option to take a further 10 
per cent share in its Ameri- 

The stock market continued 
to advance to new heights 
with tbe FT 30 index dosing 
at a record 1193.8. op 6.1, 
and tbe FT-SE index dosing 
UP 16-4 at 1461 A The FT 30 
reached a record trading high 
daring the day at 11943. 

can subsidiary Walimates, 
taking its holding to 91 per 
cent, pushed up its diaries to 
I71p, up 9p. 

Insurances, both life and 
composites were strong, with 
C omm ercial Union lip high- 
er at 272p on rumours of 
stake building by the Ameri- 
can arbitrageur Mr Ivan 

Boesky. Royal Insurance was 
up at 82$p. 

WiQiams Holdings was up 
!2p at 465p on expansion 
hopes. It is tipped as a bidder 
for McKcchnie Brothers 
which is bidding for Newman 

Wimpey gained 4p to ISOp 
on tumours of die Grove 
Trust stake sale. Westland 
eased Ip to 1 lOp on the 
failure of the tender offer by 
the European consortium. 

Diploma gained 7p to 2S3p 
on news of a German 

Traded options 

Dealers reported moderate 
conditions.Cal!s were pro- 
duced in Polly Peck. Coats 
Patons, Comm Bank of 
Wales. STC, Pavion, Pritch- 
ard Services. Amstrad, 
Aberdeen Steak Houses. Puts 
were arranged in Armstrad, 
Polly Peck, Dixons, Redritt 
and Col man. Doubles were 
completed in Hongkong and 
Shanghai Bank, Amstrad, I 
Acorn Comp. I 

David Essex: show 
funded by BES 

acquisition of a London 
restaurant and the production 
of the musical Mutiny \ fea- 
turing David Essex. 

Tbe management of City 
Shops is applying for 125,000 
shares on the same terms as 
are available to outside sub- 

The company itself is 
projecting (not forecasting) 
pretax profits of £284,000 in 
its first year of operations, 
rising to £408,000 and 
£540,000 in tbe following two 

The issue is due to dose at 
3pm oo March 18, just before 
the /Budget • 

Firms drag feet on data law 

Registration of computer- 
held information under tbe 
Data Protection Act has been 
significantly slower than ex- 
pected, with only 7,000 
companies completing the 
procedure in the first three 
months of the registration 
Today marks the half-way 
stage m the six months 
during which details of all 
persona] data held on com- 
puters must be registered. 

! The Data Protection Regis- 
trar, Mr Eric Howe, had 
expected up to 30,000 appli- 
cations by now. In total 
about 300.000 companies are 
thought to be affected by the 

By Teresa Poole 

“People might think they 
are exempt when they are 
not. I am concerned to make 
sure that people understand 
the application of the Act,” 
Mr Howe said. 

Companies who fail to 
register by May 11 will be 
committing a criminal of- 
fence which could lead to 
unlimited fines. 

Tbe registrar is likely to 
take a lenient view if people 
are genuinely confused, but 
those who are seen to have 
flouted the Act will be 

The registry is now con- 
ducting a study to to discover 
the level of awareness about 

the requirements of the Data 
Protection Act and further 
advertising may start next 
month. So fer 150,000 forms 
have been sent out but , 
companies are clearly taking 1 
their time about completing 

The late build-up in regisr 
tra lions will mean an increas- 
ingly heavy workload at the 

The slow build-up in appli- 
cations has at least enabled 
the registry to check submit- 
ted forms thoroughly. So fer 
about 8 per cent of forms 
have been wrongly completed 
and have been classed as 

to hold 
ballots for 
new issue 

The public share issue by 
the pharmaceuticals group 
Wellcome was 18 times 
oversubscribed, the company 
announced yesterday. 

More than 430.000 applica- 
tions were received for a total 
of about 3.75 billion shares at 
120p a share, with an 
aggregate value of some £4.5 

Preferential applications, 
including those from employ- 
ees and certain former em- 
ployees. have been allocated 
in foil for a total of 
approximately 17 million 

Because of the oversub- 
scription the company says it 
has not been practical to 
allocate shares to all appli- 
cants. After rejecting multiple 
applications and those not 
completed in accordance with 
the terms of the oiler, shares 
have been allocated as fol- 
io ws: 

applications for between 
200 and 300 shares — ballots 
for 200 shares; 

400 shares — ballots for 

500 to 1,500 - ballots for 

2.000 to 4.000 - ballots for 

4,500 and 5.000 - 350; 

6.000 and 7.000 - 400; 

8.000 shares — 450 

For applications for 9,000 
shares and above, the alloca- 
tion will be approximately 
5.5 per cent of the number of 
shares applied for, subject to 
a maximum allocation of 

The ballots are being car- 
ried out on a weighted basis 
after giving significant prefer- 
ence to smaller applications, 
and will be approximately: 
200 shares — l in 4 basis 
300 to 500 - I in 10 

1.000 - I in 5 

1.500 and 2.000 - I in 3 

2.500 - 2 in 5 

3.000 - 1 in 2 

3.500 - 2 in 3 

4.000 - 3 in 4 





Base Rates are a bit like 
the weather; ie notoriously 
dffiqalt to predict. 

. * . .' the last 10 years 
they have fluctuated over 
70 times at the last count. 

So if you’re taking out 
a long term business loan, 
you don’t always want to be 
locked into a fixed rate of 
interest. . 

The key to your problem 
is the Lloyds Bank Business 

To start with, it oflers 
you a choice of fixed or 
variable interest rates. 

And every 5 years, you 
will have the unique oppor- 
tunity .to switch from a 
Base Rare linked loan to a 
fixed rate loan. Or vice versa. . 

The loan can cover any 
amount from £2,000 to 

And any period of time, 
up; to 20 years if need be. You 
can make repayments either 
monthly of quarterly. 

***•*-' - I 



the rate of tax allowance is 
being somewhat reduced. 

So all in all, our Busi- 
ness Loan must be the most 
flexible loan afforded to our 
business customers. 

You’ll find we don’t just 
stop at loans either. 

In fact we have prepared 
a Business Facts File that 
outlines many of the varied 
services at your disposal. 

You can pick one up 
from your local branch or 
by completing the coupon. 

At Lloyds Bank, we 
want your company to grow 
as much as you do. 

rr Customer Service.. Llovds Sink Pic” 1 
I FREEPOST. London NM I BR. | 
■ Please send me a Business Facts File. - 

And it’s even possible 
to postpone the initial repay- 
ment for up to 24 months. 

But don’t postpone 
your application if capital 
expenditure is involved. 

Because after 31 March, 

* Namc_ 
| Positior 

j Postcode 

I I am am nor a business customer o! Llovds 

I _ SFFJ T2 | 


tfrinvn dcuiK oil- jilablc Inm Lltrtd. Ruik Pk. T Lvntuid Suwr.L^-idi-n : BS Sc.iinti nur be u-quiirJ. ihe Kink. 

! ' V i 


daily prize money stated. If you an: a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 

Record extended 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began Feb. 10. Dealings End Feb 2!.§ Contango Day Feb 24. Settlement Day. March 3 

§ Forward Bargains are permitted on two previous days. 

OTaa.i iwwu i uww 


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FT-A AH-Share Index 1 

jars 85 

Source: RnandalTimes Data. Monthly average share prices (2.1.85 - 10®. Imperial Group and Hanson Trust Share Prices. 

You may have wondered why Hanson^ 
share price so dramatically underperformed 
the market in 1985. 

Gould it be that investors have come to 
realise that Hansonk growth is dependent on 
successively larger acquisitions? 

That 77% of its companies are operating 

in declining industries? 

That the current trading performance of 

most Hanson companies is at best pedestrian? 

ThatHansonplansto issueanothermassive 
amount of convertible to take over Imperial? 

That this would result in Hanson convert- 
ible accounting for nearly a third of all UK. 
convertible issues? 

Or is there some- 
thing else we don’t 


The souices> 

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tor me fcasetaJanaflieMOWblecare to ensure that the facts staled and oinuons expressed ere &ir 3i)d accurate. The du'ectorsBccep*edrespoijHbffityaca»rdingiji 

« B* S S S.EL'i'S 

Inc Xiivjii^> lULOi/Ai L L*Lt£\.\jr\S\ l li 1760 


Building a future 
out of history 

W alk out of York 
Railway station 
into the relatively 
new concourse 
and the visitor will be 
confronted by a splendidly 
. appointed 19th century rail- 
way signal. It has a momen- 
tary appeal, a symbol of the 
city’s heritage as a railway 
centre — George Hudson’s 
ambition was to “Mak’all 
Trail ways cum t’York" - but 
the inquiring mind will come 
to wonder whether it repre- 
sents something more. 

Does it signify the 
downline to a city ineluctably 
enshrined in the richly warm 
; embrace of its heritage or 
■ could it signal the upline of a 
• York heading towards the 
21st century? 

John Cairns, the city’s 
; young and bustling chief 
“ executive, encapsulates the 
dilemma. "Ask most people 
I about York and they will talk 
• about the Minster, the Ro- 
, mans and the Vikings. But 
• ask them about the future 
; and there will be long 

* That is why the city is 
. trying hard to attract new 
; industries and commerce to 
* underpin its cultural tra- 
‘ dition; marrying, to para- 
< phrase its new slogan, history 
] and technology. 

* There have been several 
' m home truths which have 
* turned the city in this 
direction. One of them was 
when one of the top five 
employers, who between 
them provided nearly a third 
of the employment to the 
■ city’s 60.000 workforce, 
closed, causing the loss of 
several hundred jobs. 

It was a glassworks, which 
! has been pulled down to 
build a new hoteL While the 
foundations were being ex- 
r cavated the remains of an 
Anglo-Saxon settlement were 
„ discovered whose potential 
• richness is still being exam- 
: ined with every anticipatory 
• scrape of the tnoweL 

The discovery caught the 
York Archeological Trust un- 

awares. "We knew there was 
a settlement somewhere but 
we hadn’t anticipated it 
would be located in that pan 
of the city,** said Peter 
Addyman, the trust’s direc- 

It has been discoveries 
such as these, like the Viking 
settlement off Coppergate, 
turned into the latest jewel in 
the city’s crown — that helps 
to attract visitors, now 
approaching three million 
each year. 

York people, it has to be 
said, have an ambivalent 
attitude towards visitors — 
"tourists** is a nasty word. 

This does not mean there 
is an open hostility to the 
tourist, although at the height 
of the season there can be a 
coven frustration. But how 

There is a 
need to attract 
more industry 

can antipathy, be long-lived 
when tourism provides 5,000 
jobs — that is 8 per cent of 
the working population, mak- 
ing it the city’s third largest 
employer — and is worth 
neany £50 million a year? 

York, in recent years, has 
been developed to meet the 
needs of the visitor. New 
hotels (some of which have 
already added extensions), 
more parking areas (although 
still not enough) and a range 
of shopping facilities un- 
dreamt of a decade ago have 
now been provided. Five 
years ago there were about 
135 hotels and guest houses, 
the number now is approach- 
ing 180. 

The city has been trans- 
formed commercially. The 
small business entrepreneur 
has turned bis terrace house 
into a bed and breakfast 
establishment and. in a prime 
site like Stonegate, a pedes- 
trian precinct through which 
the visitor can wander on bis 
way to the Minster, property 

is changing bands at very 
high prices. 

A building bought 10 years 
ago for £36.000 was sold 
recently for nearly £1 million. 
It is ' a figure outside the 
resources of the local en- 
trepreneur. Property in the 
city centre is being bought by 
pension funds and rented 
with an average yield of 
about 4.5 per cent 

Tourism has helped to 
cushion York from the worst 
excesses of the recession; 
with unemployment at 1 1 per 
cent, the city’s jobless total is 
below the national average. 
Bui as Mr Cairns points out, 
that in itself .is not satisfac- 
tory nor reason for com- 
placency. There is a need to 
attract more manufacturing 
industry to balance it with 
the service industries. 

There is controversy about 
how the city plans for the 
future. Not surprisingly the 
Chamber of Trade and Com- 
merce wants more effort put 
into tourism. It has proposed 
an initial £250.000 a year co- 
partnership scheme with the 
City Council, the bulk of the 
money coming from council 

The council has said no, 
coming up with the idea of a 
special study- on tourism, the 
two bodies sharing half the 
£25,000 cost of the study. 
The businessmen, in their 
turn, have said no. 

The issue remains a matter 
of debate. Meantime the 
council is increasing its drive 
to encourage more industry 
into the area. York Enterprise 
Limited, a joint venture of 
the city council and the 
private sector, has set up 
office above the local gas 
showroom recently, with a 
£250.000 investment fund to 
help encourage new in- 
dustries, and the expansion 
of businesses. 

The council is also likely to 
adopt a £500,000 Employ- 
ment and Development Fund 
—but it is not going to be easy 
to attract inward investment 
as York does not have the 
advantage of falling within a 
development area. 

George Hudson, the railway pioneer, and the towers of York Minster, the familiar city skyline 

It began with chocolates and railways 

A national need for loco- 
motive transport and a 
worldwide desire to gratify a 
sweet tooth provided the 
foundation on which 
“modern” York has grown. It 
was a railway centre and a 
confectionery city long before 
it became a tourist trap. 

Two people are largely 
responsible: a wheeler-dealer 
called George Hudson who 
pioneered the railways, and 
philanthropic Joseph 
R own tree who developed the 
chocolate industry. In the 
latter context it would be an 
omission to leave out another 
Joseph. Terry, who had 
begun turning cocoa and 
sugar into more edible prod- 
ucts long before his rival. 

Mr Hudson was to fall 
from power because of du- 
bious business methods be- 
fore Rown trees appeared on 
the scene, but the city has 
capitalized richly upon their 

York station has presided 
over tiie changing railway 
scene, from sedate Victorian 
splendour to today’s high- 
speed trains, just as Joseph. 
Rowntree’s heirs have devel- 

oped and expanded the 
manufacture of chocolate 
products to a £1,0000 million 

It was an off-the-cuff re- 
mark by R A Kaner, chair- 
man of Rown trees United 
Kingdom confectionery di- 
vision, that caught the fla- 
vour of the two industries - 
or rather brought them into 
juxtaposition — when he was 
talking about the stability of 
chocolate products. Britain, 

tons of bars, chocolate boxes 
and those mints with a hole 
in them leaves the Rown tree 
factory each year. The small- 
er factory of Terry’s, now 
part of United Biscuits, 
produces 19,000 tons. 

The railways and the 
confectionery manufacturers 
are the big cogs in the city’s 
economic wheel: combined 
they provide about 30 per 
cent of York’s employment 

But the numbers are not as 

What better way to pass a train journey 
than with a cup of tea and a chocolate bar 

apparently, has been consum- 
ing chocolate at the rate of 
seven ounces a head a week 
for the past 50 years. 

“But it is understandable", 
he said. “It is an easily 
accessible food. What better 
way of helping to pass a train 
journey than a cup of tea and 
a bar of chocolate.” 

It has been good for the 
railways, too. One of York 
station's biggest freight cus- 
tomers is the confectionery 
industry. Although all prod- 
ucts do not go by rail. 80.000 

great as they were some years 
ago. The streams of cyclists 
pedalling out of the carriage 
and wagon works of 
Rowntrees factory have 
thinned out and it is not just 
because people have taken to 
cars. New practices and new 
technology have taken their 

Rowntrees labour force is 
about 5,800 - 1.500 less than 
five years .ago. British Rail 
has shed more than 500 in a 
similar period; the carriage 
and wagon works, largely 

protected because BR is 
producing multiple units in 
York, about 250. 

But as a railway centre it 
brings visitors to the city in 
their thousands. It is es- 
timated that about two mil- 
lion passengers came to York 
by rail last year. In the past 
18 months there have been 
more than two million in- 
quiries at the stations's new 
travel centre. 

But there is more to York 
business than railways and 
chocolate. The Shepherd 
Building Group started as a 
York family concern nearly a 
century ago. It may not be a 
household name, but what 
Rowntrees is to Kil-Kat and 
Terry's is to Old Gold. 
Shepherd’s is PonaKabin and 

It was the Shepherd com- 
pany, which employs about 
2.000 people locally, which 
restored York Minster in the 
late 1960s and early 1970s as 
well as building York 

But these industries - and 
those like Ben Johnson’s 
which print telephone direc- 
tories and mail order cat- 

alogues. or Vickers 
Instruments which produces 
gunsights and range-finders 
for armoured vehicles as well 
as micro-measurement sys- 
tems for the Japanese video 
industry - are not enough to 
keep York afloat economi- 

That is why the city started 
on a huge programme of 
marketing itself as an ideal 
area in which to set up new 
technological-based in- 
dustries. It is a strategy that 
began three years ago when 
the future of York was the 
central argument in the 
political battle for control of 
the City CounciL It ended 
with a hung council but there 
are elections again this year. 

It has brought about a 
more flexible policy for the 
release of land for industrial 
and commercial use 

In projecting itself to 
potential industrial and 
commercial developers the 
city, with financial help from 
neighbouring councils, is 
considering doubling its 
1984-85 marketing budget of 
£60,000 in the coming finan- 
cial year. 



This special feature about one of the most prestigious 
business locations in the country will have given you an 
insight into why locating a business in York is a shrewd 
commercial move. But even the Times can’t give you all the 
facts - we can. Our York Fact File gives you all the 
information you heed on what York has to offer 
a developing business. 

Call us on York (0904) 53655 or clip the coupon below for 
your copy and we’ll mail it to you by return. 

Then you really mil be better informed. 

l r 

i I I i 1 r 

To Tony Bennett 

York Area Economic Development Unit 
York Enterprise Centre 
1 Davy gate, York YOl 2QE 
Please rush me a copy of the York Fact File 





(£ FOCUS i 


Where the York story comes to life 

Four-hundred years ago. wor- 
o f ' 

thy citizens of York sent a 
petition to the Lord Chan- 
cellor. protesting at the 
threatened! demolition of 
Clifford's Tower which 
stands on a mound not far 
from the River Ouse. They 

complained they would have 

"no other building for showe 
of this cittye save of but 
oniye the minster and the 
church sieples if the said 
towre be pulled down". 

■ Much has come and gone 
since, some rediscovered. For 
the casual visitor the best 
place to start is the Heritage 
Centre, a former medieval 
church which houses the 
“York Story”. 

Opened 10 years ago for 
iraJ Her- 

European Architectui 
iiage Year. 1,000 years of the 
city's history is shown 
through models, reconstruc- 
tions. audio-visual displays 
and tapestries. 

Round the corner is the 
Jorvik Viking Centre, and 
beyond Clifford’s ToweT is 
the Castle Museum, possibly 
the finest and certainly the 
largest folk museum in the 

A bone of contention 
between the Viking Centre 
and the Castle Museum when 
the centre was being built 
was that construction work- 
ers found a superb helmet, 
dating back to the first 
Viking attacks. The centre 
would have liked the prize 
exhibit for itself, but the City 
Fathers wanted it to te 
displayed in the Castle Mu- 
seum. The centre settled for a 

The magnificently restored 
helmet is now on show — one 
of scores of exhibits in 
museum based on the private 
collection of Dr John 
KirkU 869-1 940). While visit- 
ing patients in North York- 
shire. he realized that a way 
of life was vanishing with the 
advent of mass-produced 
goods and began collecting 

articles from the house and 
on the farm. 

Out of that collection, the 
Castle Museum grew, and has 
long been one of York’s 
showpieces. A more recent 
attraction is the 18th-century 
Fairfax House- Owned by 
York Civic Trust — its 
chairman John Shannon has 
been indefatigable in his 
persona] drive to preserve the 
city’s heritage — the restored 
house has a a unique collec- 
tion of Georgian furniture, 
paintings and porcelain. 

At the other end of Coney 
Street, one of the city’s main 
shopping thoroughfares, are 
the Museum Gardens, a 10- 
acre park, in which is sited 
the Yorkshire Museum. This 
houses an array of fine 
Roman. Anglo-Saxon. Viking 
and Medieval treasures. 

Last year, the "Roman 
life” galleries were opened, 
displaying carved statues, 
tombstones, wal [paintings, 
mosaics, a Roman kitchen, 
gold and silver jewellery. 
This summer, a natural 
history exhibition on dis- 
appearing wildlife is to be 

Over one million visitors a 
year go to the National 
Railway Museum. Not far 
from the railway station, it 
displays the spectrum of 
railway heritage from the 
earliest horse-drawn carriage 
vehicles to the Advanced 
Passenger Train. It is a living 
museum in the sense that 
sometimes its locomotives 
and rolling stock take pan in 
passenger-carrying operations 
for BR 

And it would be 
unforgiveable to leave out the 
17th-century Treasurer's 
House, its 20 rooms lying in 
the shadow of the Minster 
the Merchant Adventurers’ 
hall, built in the 1350s; and 
the City Art Gallery which 
houses European and British 
paintings spanning seven 
centuries, including the 
Lyceit Green collection of 
Old Masters. 

On the rails: The National Railway Museum attracts more than a million visitors a year 

In pursuit of excellence 

Two miles south-east of the city centre a rel- 
atively new tradition has grown — the pursuit 
of educational excellence. York University 
was opened 22 years ago and it can H««m to 
have met the standards laid down by its first 
vice-chancellor. Lord James of Rnsbolme. 

Professor Berrick Sank an economic 
historian and present vice-chancellor, is 
determined to maintain the tradition even 
though he is having to live through financial 
constraints. Staff losses are inevitable but 
ways are being found not to damage the stu- 
dent-staff ratio, so mach a part of the 
university’s academic structure. 

But the university grants committee has 
been told that the university's presentation of 
a series of roughly balanced budgets should 
not lead to any misunderstanding as to the 
enormous effort and strain that the cuts 

Since its inception, the university has given 
great emphasis to s mall group tearhing, “It is 
this that has contributed enormously to oar 

success in attracting students," says Prof 
Saul — a justified H*»n» if you look at its un- 
der-graduate performance indicators along- 
side die national average. 

While h has successfully moved in the 
direction of science in the put five years, it 
still m ai ntain s its strength in social sciences 
and the arts. To destroy this balance would 
erode areas on which it has built a reputation. 

The university campus is in Hesiingtoiu its 
caitrepiece an enormous man-made 
complete with ducks, geese and wQdfowL and 
dominated by the huge central halL multi- 
purpose concert hall, examination centre and 
meeting hall. 

There has been a conscious effort to 
generate a community spirit which appears to 
have worked. There are X600 students — 
2JJ00 under-graduates and 700 graduates. 

It is earning a growing reputation in 
biology, chemistry, electronics and computer 
sciences; in the social sciences, archaeology, 
English and music. 

York is indulging in one of 
its periodic celebrations: a 
Viking festival, an event with 
everything from processions 
and folk dancing to battle 
displays and a Grand Viking 
Beard competition. 

In a city where every effort 
is made in the search for 
more information about its 
past similarly no opportunity 
is passed over to commemo- 
rate what is known. The 
discovery of a Viking settle- 
ment seven years ago was not 
only an archeadogical sensa- 
tion but later, a tourist 
money-spinner. The city is a 
treasure chest 

When 1 lived in the city, a 
wall of my bathroom had to 
be left untouched because 
pans of it were of Roman 
origin: when the flooboards- 
in a bedroom were lifted to 
be replaced with new wood, a 
medieval well filled with 
non-stagnani water was 

The organization largely 
responsible for unearthing 
the citv's treasures is the 

Inside the treasure houses 

York Archaeological Trust 

The redevelopment of 
York in the 1960s could have 
threatened the unique strata 
of the city's history. The trust 
was created to stem the tide 
of thoughtless destruction. 

Since its inception, the 
Archaeological Trust which 
has a permanent staff of 30 
field officers, researchers and 
conservators, has carried out 
more than 30 major digs and 
many nfore minor ones. 

It has also undertaken 
nearly 200 "watching briefs" 
on sites where excavation 
was impossible or un- 
necessary. And when it does 
become possible there can be 
a gnawing frustration as well 
as excited anticipation. 

An illustration is the exten- 
sion of the nursing home 
near the Minster. The trust 
was given only three months 
to cany out explorations 
before building began. It is 

believed the site contains 
invaluable remains of the 
Roman fortress, the Anglo- 
Saxon cathedral a Viking 
building and a 17th-century 

Undoubtedly the biggest 
recent find is the Viking 
settlement The dig, which 
lasted five years, unearthed 
15.000 objects, 250,000 
pieces of pottery, five ions of 
animal bone and well-pre- 
served Viking Age buildings. 

Today, the site is covered 
by a modern shopping pre- 
cinct — beneath it is the 
Jorvik Viking Centre, a 
presentation of what the 
settlement would have 
looked like. Visitors climb 
into a "time car” to be 
transported back to 10th- 
century Jorvik. 

As for most of the discov- 
eries — and only about 200 
are on show in the centre — 
the trust intends to create an 

"archaelogical resources 
centre” built inside the 
nearby church of St 
Saviour's, where many of its 
objects are stored in poor 

Elsewhere, the trust is 
searching below the founda- 

tions of a vacated glassworks 
where it expects to find the 
site of a 13th-century 
Gilbertine Priory, the home 
of the only monastic order 
founded by an Englishman. 

Peter Addyman. director of 
ihe trust, treats his job as a 
"privilege”. What he and his 
team are undertaking is, in 
the strictest sense of the 
word, a revelation. 

York Minster sits over the 
centre of the city with a 
matemalistic benevolence 
rather than paternalistic 
pride. To live within its 
shadow is to be envied: to 
visit it is a delight, for some 
an emotional inspiration. 

Beneath its high vaults 
there can be found a rare 
religious and cultural experi- 
ence: the quality of music 
and singing captivate the 
ears, while the scale of 
architectural and artistic 
endeavour absorbs the eyes. 

The purist may rightly 
shudder at the knocking of a 
hole through the south aisle 
to give access to the Minster 
bookshop, or the recent 
decision to charge £1.50 a 
head for visiting tourist 
parties. But God has to 
coexist with Mammon. 

The Dean, the Very Rev 
John Southgate, would not 
demur at the description of 
mother hen. in both a 
religious and secular sense. 
He says: “The Minster is part 
of the community. It is a 
place for worsbip and a place 
for celebration and commem- 
oration. The Minster is very 
much part of civic life and 
both are fulfilled." 

pours in 
for the 

month when dignatorics from 

n dignat 

the towns of both counties 

presented with a unique 
opportunity: the chance to 
inspect at eye level some of 
the restored pands of the 
Rose Window, whose glass 
was cracked by the heat from 
the burning timbers. 

The window commemo- 
rates the cessation of the 
Wars of the Roses when 
Lancastrian Henry Vil mar- 
ried Elizabeth of York in 
I486, an anniversary uhich 
was not o\ eriooked last 

congregated to criebratc the 
occasion. It was another 
example of the civic event. 

Fires apart — over five 
centuries the Minster has 
suffered two even more 
disastrous occurrences - the 
Minster has had to undergo a 
£2 million major surgical 
operation between l% 7 -72 to 
restore failing foundations. 
And the savages of lime and 
weather mean the cathedral 
spends £2 a minute to replace 
the deteriorating fabric. 

And throughout all these 
vicissitudes, the Minster has 
maintained us character, a 
demonstrable renunciation oi 
Ruskin's dictum that "resto- 
ration is a he".Thcre haw 
been other Ministers on the 
site: Anglo-Savcm. Norman 
(parts of which can stiil tv 
ven in the Crjpii and now 
Gothic. It is irreplaceable. 

York's greatest 
tourist attraction 

As for the charge on those 
coach parties to be intro- 
duced next year, the dean 
explains that there has been a 
misunderstanding. The initia- 
tive was taken to. meet the 
complaints of tour operators 
and to introduce what he 
called a "regime” to avoid 
inequalities of voluntary do- 
nations and undue waiting. 

But casting Mammon 
aside, the Minster is York's 
greatest tourist attraction. 
More than million people 
visit it each year. The 
appalling fire in the roof of 
the south transept I S months 
ago attracted worldwide, let 
alone the nation's, interest 
and sympathy. 

Money has been donated 
from all over the world - 
£50,000 has been spent on 
new lightning conductors - 
and oners of oak trees to 
replace the burnt-out roof 
trusses have come from all 
over Britain. 

New masonry. 150 tons of 
limestone, carved and shaped 
in the Minster's own work- 
shops. has been put back to 
replace the damaged walls. 

And in one way the 
visiting public has been 

home of Rowntree Mackintosh pic 


from York 

Shepherd Building Group 

is engaged in construction, manufacturing, engineering, 
housing, plant hire and property development. 

It has been based in York for almost a century 
and is a major employer. 

The companies which form Shepherd Building Group 
operate nationally and internationally making a significant 
contribution to the City of York’s economic, industrial, 
commercial and social life. 

Companies include: 

Shepherd Building Service Ltd. Shepherd Construction Ltd, 
Shepherd Engineering Services Ltd, Shepherd Homes Ltd 
Shepherd Development Co Ltd. Concrete Services Ltd, 
Portakabin Ltd. Medical & Scientific Structures Ltd. 
Portasilo Ltd and Mechplant Ltd. 

Offices at: 


Companies in France, Holland and West Germany. 


Shepherd Building Group 
Head Office: Blue Bridge Lane, York YOt 4AS 
Telephone 0904 53040 

The White Swan Hotel 

16th century Hotel with an unrivalled position wUtvn the City MMs. 

* En suite rooms with cdourTV direct dial telephone and tea/ 
coffee facility 

* Lift. 

* Excellent choice of restaurants, 
tk Special terms for senior citizens. 

* No room charge for chWren under 11 yearn. 

Bed and full English breakfast C1&50 per night per person. 
(Special 2 day breaks — CT6 p.p.). 

The White Swan Hotel P»ccatSBy YorkYOl INVfel: 0904 28851 

Visit the Penguin 

21 Coppergate, York Tel: 0904 54074 

We stock the complete range of 
Penguin, Pelicans and Puffins as 
weft as thou sa n ds of titles from 
other publishers. 

We would be delighted to answer 
any enquiries you may have. 

Open 9-00 am -5 JO p-m. 





I517McwStrc«.V6rkYO12R A.Tcl.09O4 55417- 

Look out of your office window, and 
for a moment consider what it takes to 
finally persuade someone to relocate 
their business. 

For rapidly growing and 
technologically advanced companies like 
yours it has to be more than just the 
promise of exchanging cramped 
premises for smart new ones. 

Low rents and rates with a financial 
assistance package to help growth are 
important, so too are good 
communications by rood, rail, air and 
sea phis, of course, all the benefits of 
today's highly advanced 

North Yorkshire offers all of this, but 
there's more - A lot more. 

You vnSbeswappinggrey horizons fora 
room with a view: rolling green acres 

unspested by heavy mdusty end urban geca. 

Your families will t he area. wrO 

its quamt harbours and fashionable s pcs 
The unique Wend of quiet countrs towns 
and bustiipgfhodern centres M e York, 
and Harrogate. The attractions of high 
quality schooling and sensibly priced 
quant y bousing Add to all this me vast 
open spaces fir leisure and pleasure ard 
you 'll find it a combination hard to beat 
There are so many things about 
North Yorkshire that mak e it an 
attractive place to grow. 

IL vou think is time rou swap ped 
mir view for one at ours complete the 

coupon below, or nn o: John inglis, 

Noah Yorkshire Industrial Development 
Centre. County Hall, Northallerton. 
North Yorkshire DL7 SAD. 

Tel. 06093123 Telex 895667. 

DwwiVn miOiiSr *090*29082 

, M /IUt a 

The Dean Court Hotel 
Close to the heart of York 


Post this coupon to: John IrrgSs, North Tbrkshire Industrid Devebpment *"*1 

Centre, County MaB, Northafferton, North Yorkshire DL7 8A D. | 

| Name Position, 


Company , _ 


■ Postcode 





pl] development 




Edited by Matthew May 


Run the business 
for under £100 

By Mike Cerrard systems disc, have so far 
At the' recent Amstrad Show produced four further items 
there was a fair amount of f or die machine, all at the 
software for Amstrad's £459 increasingly familiar pride of 
PCW 8256, and much of it £49.95. DR Graph and DR 
even for sale, as opposed to Draw altow you to produce 
“Can I take our order, sir T tar graphs, pie chans, flow 
The only problem was in chans ' “d business logos, 
getting near enough to the while DR offer a Pascal and a 

Stephan Johnson 

stands to take a look at the. 
stuff, as the adults were 
clamouring like kids around 
a mega-game. 

The onlygame you'll find 
for the PCW yet is Hitch- 
hiker's Guide to the Galaxy 
(Softsel, £24.95) though sev- 
eral other Infocom adven- 
tures are said to be just about 
ready at a price of £19.95, like 
Zork l, suitable for those who 
like processing words the 
adventurous way. 

But the PCW is not one of 
those micros you allegedly 
buy for a serious purpose and 
then only ever play games on. 
It is being used not just as a 
word processor but as a 
proper computer for the 
small business. as 
evidencedby something like 
the Sagesoft range of book- 
keeping and accounts pro- 
mts, which was one of the 
to appear. 

Book-keeping to 

bank and 

Their 'Popular* Accounts 
package shows a typical 
pricing of £99.99 and pro 
provides an all-in-one book- 
keeping job, right through to* 
bank and VAT reconcilia- 
tions and trial balance. 

If you want a stock control 
program included, that's , an 
extra £50, and for £69.99 
there's also a payroll pro- 
gram. Sagesoft (091-284 
7077) also have a Database 
available and on February 10 
release a communications 
package, Chit-Chat. 

A similar range of account- 
ing programs at similar prices 
is available from Cam soft 
(0766-831878), the only dif- 
ference being that you can 
also buy these programs in 
separate units, such as one 

CBasic Compiler, too. 

Hi-Soft (0582-696421) also 
provide a Pascal, as well as a 
version of C. both at £39.95, 
and a couple of handy 
programs at £12.95. The 
Torch is a CP/M tutorial and 
disc management system 
combined, and The Knife is a 
disc sector editor. 

Most actively involved in 
the provision of software for 
the PCW is William Poel, ex- 
Amstrad and now in charge 
of NewStar Software (0277- 
213218). “We have literally 
some 8,000 CP/M pro- 
grams available that will 
actually work on the PCW. 
It's just a case of transferring 
them over to a 3-in disc if 
anyone wants them. 

“ For word processing we 
offer NewWord. which will 
do things that LocoScript 
won't do, like a spelling 
check and mail merge and 
that's £69, which is £130 
cheaper than the PCDOS and 
MSDOS versions. 

“I think this pricing policy 
will ultimately affect the 
industry generally. What soft- 
ware houses have been doing 
till now in their pricing is 
providing built-in customer 
jsupport and relying on so- 
called training schemes for 
corporate users, whereas the 
Amstrad user is likely to be 
the small business owner who 
will want to and will need to 
discover the ins and outs if 
the machine and the soft- 

Other software now avail- 
able for the PCW includes 
familiar titles ]jke SupencalcZ 
and Brainstorm, both £49.95, 
and Cardbox at £99.95. In 
the four months that the 
PCW has been on sale, the 
promised serial and parallel 

Keyed in for high City salaries 

Computer staff with die right experience are 
b egin ni ng to get highly attractive job offers 
from companies in me City as firms prepare 
for the deregulation of financial services in 

In jnst the same way as their fwmwiai 
counterparts have already discovered unusu- 
ally high salaries, dump mortgages and 
company cars are being used to try to attract 
the limited numbers of specialists that have 
computer experience applicable to finance. 

With sophisticated computerized informa- 
tion systems seen as a major weapon- hi the 
battle to win customers after the Big Bang, 
even relatively junior analysts are receiving 
pay offers well over £20,000. 

As well as skills in computerized 
stockbroking and dealing, expertize in 
communications, local area networks and 
office automation are heavily in demand from 
com [rallies in the financial sector that have 
always been seen as offering the most 

By Matthew May 

lucrative sorts of employment pwfay even 
before the deregriation era. 

- _ Poaching staff from existing and potential 
rivals can have added advantages for the new 
reenrit if he or she knows how their former 
employers are gearing np for October. 

Financial institutions are often notoriously 
secretive about the details of their computer 
systems, usually on the justification of 
avoiding fraud, and some computer 
consubnntCKs are finrfmp they are more 
liable to lose staff than win new business as 
the companies involved believe the work is 
too commercially sensitive to place with 
outride firms. 

According to the reentitment agency 
Computer People, business analysts with 
computer skills who were earning an average 
of £25,000 a year are now recevmg offers op 
to £40,000. While contract rates for highly 
qualified staff have risen from £600 to £750 
to £1,000 per week. 

for invoicing, another for ' interface allowing you to 
sales ledger etc, with a fully -connect the machine up to 

other printers has appeared 
from Amsoft, and Amstrad 
dealers are offering the sec- 
ond disc drive of 720k 
capacity for £159, with on-site 
fitting if required. 

integrated package costing 
you 4p less than the Sagesoft 
system, at £99.95, with stock 
control included. 

Digital Research, who pro- 
vided the logo on the PCWs 


A brighter 

Companies that specialize 
m providing services to the 
computer industry seem to 
be an optimistic lot In a survey 
of 133 companies in the 
field by the Computing Ser- 
vices Association none be- 
lieved that business would 
worsen over the next' 

Ninety three per cent 6e 
fieve that business wiH in 
prove, while only 7 per cent 
forsee their business remain- 
ing the same. Sixteen per 
cent of the companies report 
reduced profits. The figures 
reflect an increase in con- 
fidence over a survey in au- 
tumn last year 

Hospital help 

Sunderland Polytechnic has 
received more man 1 00 
requests.incJuding some 
from both the US and the 
USSR, requesting informa- 
tion on research it is doing on 


to howto help hospital lab- 
oratories use micro computers 
to produce results more 
quickly. The computer pro- 
grams developed are gen- 
erally used to analyse data 
obtained from tests on hor- 

Common applications in- 
dude standard blood and urine 
tests for pregnant women 
and tests on patients with 
hyperactive thyroid glands. 

Profits leap 

Compaq has announced a 
profit Of $26.6 million for 1985 
on sales of more than $500 
m3lion. Sales increased 53 per 
cent over 1984 and profits 
jumped by 106 per cent 
"Profitabifity increased tor 
the third straight year setting 
corporate records in all 
. categories," said Compaq's 

Rod Carton. 

ie company can afford to 
be pleased as the results are 
outstanding for a year when 
many other companies in the 
business were reeling from 
the recession. 

The Norwegian computer 
group Norsk Data has in- 
creased pre-tax profits by 
55 per cent to NKr 360 rmfflon, 
with a 37 per cent increase 
in operating revenue. 

Your rights 

A free booklet called Data 
Protection and You has been 
produced by chartered 
accountants, Binder Hamfyn, 
which outlines the main fea- 
tures of the Data Protection 
Act ft explains the rights 
the Act gives Individuals and 
describes the legal obliga- 
tions it imposes on employees. 
Practical hints are included 
to help those who hande per- 
sonal data tominimize their 
own personal liability under the 


Race is on 
for the 
fastest and 

Recent disclosures by top 
American computer experts 
indicate that the race is on to 
develop the world's fastest 
and cheapest supercomputer. 

Last, week researchers at 
the American General Sec- 
trie laboratory in Schenecta- 
dy, New York, were 
preparing plans to develop 
what could be deemed to be 
the most powerful computer 
in the world. So are research- 
ers at the California Institute 
of Technology (Caltech) in 
Pasadena, California. 

They are developing mod- 
els which will allow complex 
calculations to be done si- 
multaneously by intercon- 
necting microcom-puters. 

The revolutionary GE 
computer, called the Cross 
Omega Connection Machine, 
will have 256,000 processors 
or microcomputers connected 
to each other. The GE design 
is expected to be used by the. 
American armed forces in' 
weapon systems both on the 
ground and in space. 

The concept, originally de- 
vised at MIT and disclosed 
in the magazine Nature, last 
November will require a new 
approach to computer science 
— the mathematics that 
control how the machine 
responds and the languages 
that will be needed by the 




launch for 

liy frank Brown 
There is little hope of British 
I manufacturing sustaining the 
economy in the long term 
unless it embraces computer- 
integrated manufacturing 
technology (CIM). 

. This stark warning was 
given by Sir Henry Chilver, 
Vice-Chancellor of Cranfield 
Institute of Technology, 
speaking at the launch of a 
£3.6 million project to estate 
Usb an institute of computer- 
integrated manufacturing to 
help industry adopt h. 

Computer integrated man- 
ufacturing links together all 
the computerized and auto- 
mated elements of a 
company’s manufacturing op- 
erations into a single integrat- 
ed system. The CIM Institute 
is being set up by Cranfield 
in conjunction with IBM and 
aims to be self-supporting 
within three to four years. 

It will offer graduate and 
post-graduate training, plus 
extensive short course train- 
ing facilities for management. 
It will be an independent 
educational charity, and work 
closely with CTTs College of 

The life-saver 
in your pocket 

By Bill Johnstone 

The computer scientists at 
Caltech have joined the race 
to develop advanced comput- 
er architecture. They are 
pursuing two distinctly differ- 
ent approaches to the subject. 
The first approach is based 
on traditional silicon technol- 

Microcomputers are inter- 
connected as if they were 
positioned at the comers of a 
cube. This “Cosmic Cube” 
approach, developed, by the 
Department of Computet J 
Science led by Charles Seitz, 
has proved highly successful 
The first machine based on 
that architecture was devel- 
oped about two years ago. ft 
had a tenth tire computer 
power ofthe Cray 1 . one of the 
most powerful computers in 1 
the world, but at about '[ 
l/100th of the cost. . 1 

A second generation ma- 
chine had one third the 
power of a Cray but at l/20th 
of the cost 

A new super machine will 
be built in the next few weeks 
.which could revolutionize 
computing and dictate the 
pace for further research. 
This machine is to be built 
for $0.5m, less than a tenth 
the price of the Cray. 

Caltech is taking another 
approach to supercomputing 
and is attempting' to discover 
the secret behind associated 
memory — the method used 
by the human brain when 
recalling information. The 
cracking of that code is 
believed by computer experts 
to be fundamental in creating 
advanced computer systems 
with superbrains. 

Who will win the 
supercomputer race is guess- 
work. What is dear is that 
the manufacturers are also 
interested in producing com- 
mercial versions of these 
supennachines soon. 

The multimillion dollar 
GE project will probably 
have its first home in a 
military base but the price of 
microchips is dropping so 
dramatically that these 
superdesigns might soon be 
available off-tbe-^helf and at 
low cost 

The supercomputer race is 

By Peter Patou 
A thin plastic card costing 
less than £2 coukl soon start 
saving lives in Mainland. 
The credit card-sized piece of 
plastic is an optical storage 
device which can hold up to 
800 typewritten pages of 
patient information - enough 
to store a patient's complete 
medical records. And the 
card can “speak” for patients 
too ill to speak for them- 

The Lasercard was devel- 
oped by California-based 
Drexler Technology, which 
supplies photo and optical 
products for the manufacture 
of semiconductors. Its optical 
card business should over- 
take its other products by the 
end of this year, with 
projected sales of SIS mil- 

The medical application is 
being carried out by Lifecard 
International, a subsidiary of 
Blue Cross of Maryland, pan 
of the US's leading private 
health organization, with 
. more than 86 million cus- 

The Lifecand system also 
requires a card reading and 
writing device and a comput- 
er-equipped with special soft- 
ware. It has developed three 
software packages to run on 
an IBM or compatible per- 
sonal computer, allowing in- 
formation to be retrieved 
from and recorded on to the 

The packages, which are 
designed for use by a general 
practioner, a hospital and a 
clinic respectively, are un- 
priced, but a complete pack- 
age with reader/writer, PC 
and software should be under 

The development of spe- 
cialist packages is also being 
considered for gynaecologists 
and psychiatrists. Blue Cross 
has placed an order for 
60,000 card reader/writers 
worth $40 million over five 

Other applications envis- 
aged include the storage of X- 
ray pictures and automatic 
translation, which win allow 
a French doctor to read in his 
own language a card written 
m English, for example. 

The company estimates 
that 15 to 30 X-rays could be 
stored on a single card. X- 
rays of particular importance 
or ones which are frequently 
refered to such as chest X- 
rays coukl even be stored on 
a patient's card. 

Uke many conventional 
optical disc storage devices. 
Lasercard stores (fata as pits 
burned into an active layer 
by laser. How that active 
layer works is a carefully. 

guarded secret by Drexlei 
which received S3.2 million 
from Blue Cross as well as t 
$500,000 licence fee to star 
production of Lasercards. 

Drexler has also invested ; 
further S30 million in devel 
opment and production facil- 
ities. It plans to start full- 
scale production soon at is 
Californian plant. Plants ar. 
also . planned for Japan 
Europe and the east coast of 
America. Each will cost aboir 
$25 million and have > 
capacity of 40 million cards i 
vear by 1991. 

Advantages claimed f<r 
Lasercards over magnetic or 
smart card alternatives in- 

• A storage capacity of tw» 
megabytes, which is said t* 
be 1,000 times the capacity a 
-the magnetic strip on a credi 
card and 30 times that of the 
memory chip in a smart card 

• Durability. 

• Difference in cost. Magnet 
ic cards cost 20 cents per 
thousand bytes and sxnar. 
cards 15 cents per thousanc 
bytes. Lasercard is one tend 
of a cent per thousand bytes 

Non-medical application! 
looked at include placing s 
complete car service history 
on to a card. “It gets rid of 
the centralized database and 
puts people back in control of 
their files.” said John Meindl 
managing director of 

In particular, Lifecard k 
developing a card aimed at 
carrying records of employees 
in the nuclear industry. 
Called Newcard, it can carry 
a full history of an 
employee's exposure to radia- 
tion. training details and 
access clearance. Mr Meindl 
is also considering putting 
data gleamed from scanning 
the human retina on 
Newcard so that it can be 
used as a high security 
identification card. 

Apart from Lifecard, 
Drexler has a further 19 
licensees to its technology. 
Publisher Robert Maxwell, 
for example, has commis- 
sioned STC to develop a read 
write/unit for Lasercard — 
one of the first applications is 
expected to be in scientific 
and technical publishing. 

In Japan, publisher 
Gakken is using the card to 
distribute part-time job infor- 
mation among students. The 
idea is to ml students used to 
the idea of using a Lasercard. 
A 4-megabyte version of the 
Lasercard is planned with 
Drexler confident that a IQ 
megabyte card is feasible — 
about 10 times the capacity 
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Two new names in W Indies party 

From John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 
St John's, Antigua 

Whenever the name of a 
batsman from Barbados ap- 
pears for the first time in a 
West Indian selection, it is as 
well to take careful 
notice.The chances are that 
he is something special, and 
that is what they say of 
Carlisle Best, who is one of 
two new names among the 13 
• players from whom West 
Indies will choose their team 
for the first one-day interna- 
tional in Jamaica a week 
today and the first Test 
match starting there three 
days later. The other is 
Patrick Patterson, the Jamai- 

England in 
as Foster 

From John Woodcock 

Pressing for the first victory 
of their tour, against the 
Leeward Islands, England cap- 
tured three more wickets for 95 
runs in Lhe first two hours here 
yesterday. At lunch the Lee- 
wards were 233 for six. which 
gave them a lead of 54. 

The rhythm which Thomas 
bad found on Sunday evening 
eluded him when he began the 
bowling yesterday morning. 
His length, line and pace 
suffered accordingly. In five 
overs he conceded 30 runs. It 
was now Foster who clicked. 
He bowled fast and moved the 
ball about in the breeze. After 
Emburey had bowled Lewis, 
Foster removed Arthurton and 
Simon in the same over, his 
fourth of the morning. 

Lewis, on the back loot, was 
bowled as he made to pulL 
When Arthurton was bowled 
behind his legs and Simon, 
playing no stroke, lost his off 
stump, the Leewards, with six 
wickets down, were only IS 
runs ahead. Of their batsmen 
, only Otto was left, though 
against Botham's side here five 
years ago and again last Friday, 
Guishard showed himself to be 
a sticker.' 

Ouo is a West Indian edition 
of Brian Da vision of Rhodesia, 
Leicestershire. Tasmania and 
Gloucestershire — a senior 
batsman, bulging with muscle 
and belligerent intent. He holds 
the record for the number of 
runs made in a Shell Shield 
season — 576 at an average of 
81 in 1983-84. 

LEEWARD ISLANDS; First Innings: 238 
(R M Otto 55; N C Gushard 54) 
Second Innings 

A L Ke«y fcw b Botham 16 

L Lawrence Ibw b Thomas 35 

R B Ri chardson c and b Thomas 27 
E E Lewis b Emburey _______ 38 

*R M Oito not out 87 

K Arthurton b Foster — . — 13 

fM c Simon b Foster 0 

N C Guishard bw b Foster 17 

W Benjamin Ibw b Foster 5 

J D Thompson bw b EHson 1 

G J F Ferns not out 1 

Extras — _____ 33 

Toni (B wfcta) 271 

FALL OF WICKETS. 1-19. 2-73, 3-87. 4- 
1635-194,8-194, 7-242. 8-253, 9-281 
ENGLAND Xt First Innings 409 (M W 
Gating 71, R T Robinson 68, A J Lamb 
64, G A Gooch 53. Q J F Fonts 4 lor 91) 
Umpires: A Weekes end P Whyte 


third orbit 

By Rex Bellamy 
Tennis Correspondent 

The men's satellite series 
organized by the Lawn Tennis 
Association moved into its 
third week at Telford yes- 
terday. The next tournament 
will be at Queen's Club. West 
Kensington, and the 16 most 
successful players will then 
contest the concluding 
"masters" tournament at the 
David Lloyd dub, Wallington, 
from February 24 to 27. 

Freddie Sauer (Netherlands) 
beat Christian Bergstrom (Swe- 
den) in the Peterborough final 
but Bergstrom beat Sauer at 
B ram hall last week. These two 
were well ahead on points 
when the series reached 
Telford. Two more Swedes, 
Conny Falk and Peter 
Svensson. occupied third and 
fourth places, just ahead of the 
most successful British players, 
Richard Whichello and Leigh- 
ton Alfred. 

John Feaver. the tournament 
director, said yesterday that the 
series was fulfilling its purpose, 
with British competitors mak- 
ing the most of their chance of 
gaming experience by compet- 
ing with overseas players. 
•Brad Gilbert, of the United 
States, beat the defending 
champion Stefan Ed berg of 
Sweden 7-5, 7-6 on Sunday to 
win the L>S indoor national 
championships in Memphis. 
•Joakim Nyslrom of -Sweden, 
the top seed, defeated Milan 
Srejver pf Czechoslovakia eas- 
ily 6-1. 6-4 on Sunday lo 
capture his first Nabisco grand 
prix tournament of the year in 


. Meo wants to 
get revenge 

Tony Meo has a chance to 
avenge last year's defeat when 
he meets Steve Davis, the 
holder, in the second semi-final 
of the Tolly Cbbbold English 
professional snooker 

championship al the Corn 
Exchange. Ipswich, over 17 
frames today (Sydney Frisian 

Davis had an easy passage 
into the semi-finals on Sunday 
night when he defeaied John 
Virgo 9-1 Virgo, 

2. Frames scores TWILL- 

14, 20-66. SMB.JP'lJu®*- SM1, 
79-37, 67-47, 73-32. 7M 

can fast bowler who is 
currently the talk of the 

Best is no infant prodigy. 
He will be 27 in May and has 
been playing Shell Shield 
cricket since 1980, two years 
after he went to England with 
the West Indies Young Crick- 
eters. He captained Barbados 
in 1983-84 when they won 
the Shield, and led them 
again in 1984-85. This sea- 
son. as last, he has scored 
more Shield runs than any- 
one. He is of medium height 
and a stroke-player, who bats 
at No 3 for Barbados unless 
Haynes or Greenidge is 
missing, in which case he 
opens the i nning s. 

If Best wins his first cap 

next week, it is most likely lo 
be at Logie’s expense. If so, 
he will probably be at No 6 
in the order. Like Richardson 
and Gomes, Logie is having a 
moderate domestic season; 
but because Best is having a 
good one, his inclusion in the 
1 3. had been generally expect- 

Nothing could give a better 
indication of the strength of 
West Indian fast bowling 
than the omission of Walsh, 
who, with 29 wickets at 15 
apiece, is leading wicket-taker 
of the present Shell Shield 
season. Patterson has taken 
21 at IS. Of what they know 
of the two of them in 
England. Gower's team 

would probably prefer to play 
against Patterson rather than 
Walsh, which is not to say 
that they mil necessarily 
relish iL There are plenty of 
others waiting their turn, 
prominent among these being 
Gray, the huge Trinidadian 
who took 79 wickets for 
Surrey last year. Whichever 
of the faster bowlers England 
choose, they are bound to be 
dwarfed by those at 
Richards's command. 

Of these 13 West Indians, 
five are from Barbados (Best, 
Garner, Greeni dg e, Haynes 
and Marshall), three from 
Jamaica (Dujon, Holding and 
Patterson), two from Antigua 
(Richards and Richardson), 

two from Trinidad (Gomes 
and Logie) and one from 
Guyana (Harper). To put it 
another way, two play for 
Hampshire, two for Somer- 
set, one for Derbyshire; one 
for Lancashire and one for 
Northamptonshire, not to 
mention Gomes, who spent 
some seasons with Middlesex 
and Haynes, who is a 
Scottish cap. The one special- 
ist spinner among than all. 
and also the most brilliantly 
versatile even of West Indian 
fielders, is Haiper. And so to 
the countdown. 

PARTY: i V A Richards (captain), C 
G Greenidge. D L Haynes, R B 
Richardson, A L Logie, C Beat, H A 
Gomes. P J Dujon. R J Harper, M 
D Marshall. M A Holding, j Gamer, 
B P Patterson. 

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Hooking up: Richardson is about to pay for his extravagance by being canght and bowled by Thomas 

A broader view beyond the boundary 

By I vo Tennant 

In the last of his many Press 
conferences of the past three 
months. Kim Hughes described 
the breakaway Australians' tour 
of South Africa as the happiest 
he had been on, and the most 
peaceful. In Pakistan and 
India, things had been dif- 

A tour of South Africa offers 
much. Excellent remuneration 
for a Start The hospitality is 
the best the country is beauti- 
ful, the grass is first-class. 
Unless there is a disruption by 
the ANC or fellow brethren, 
the sportsman cannot help but 
enjoy himself 

So, assuming the visiting 
sportsmen are of a reasonable 
standard, a tour of South 
Africa can hardly foil to 
succeed. The financing is not a 
problem, specially since, in this 
case, the government derided 
to fund it themselves through 
the taxpayers' pockets before 
such legislation was even pre- 
sented to parliament 

The Australians, even though 
they lost the series of repre- 
sentative matches and the one- 
day encounters, were certainly 

of a reasonable standard. When 
Australia proper came to En- 
gland last summer, it was frit 
that only one or two of those 
who had signed for South 
Africa would be missed. How 
wrong perceived opinion was. 

Two facets of the tour have 
impinged in particular. The 
first is the effort that the 
Australians, as well as die 
South Africans, have put into 
their game. They have not 
taken the money — $200,000 
for two tours — and run. Some 
of the cricket has been compel- 

ui that same end-of-tour 
Press conference, Hughes 
delved into South African 
policy for the first time. The 
picture of South Africa on 
television screens back home 
was a distorted one, he said. 
Yet his outlook has sprung 
from journeying from police- 
guarded hold to ground to 
police-guarded hoteL The 
Australians have shown scant 
interest in life beyond the 

The Africans. Cape 
Coloureds and Indians have 
shown little interest in this 
tour, through taste and obvious 


objections, i Football is the 
Africans’ sport The chances of 
a Sowctan Sobers being un- 
earthed are, alas, minimal. Of 
the handful of non-whites who 
play in the Currie Cup. none 
was even approaching consid- 
eration for the Sooth African 
XI. Rice, (he captain, would 
not countenance the selection 
of a non-white on cosmetic 
rather than cricketing grounds. 

Further, the intransigence of 
the South African Cricket 
Board in not allowing its non- 
white members to play or even 
watch those affiliated to the 
South African Cricket Union — 
that is, whites — is holding 
back both the development of 
the game in the townships and 
negating attempts to regain 
admittance to the International 
Cricket Conference. The SACB 
regards cricket as an in- 
strument for bringing about 
political change; the SACU and 
the South African Sports Of- 
fice, headed by Eddie Barlow, 
the former Test cricketer, 
divorce politics from sport. 

All the while, the ICC move 
the goalposts for re-entry fur- 
ther away, paying scant heed to 
the SACU's achievements on 

integration. The point has been 
reached at which Test cricket 
will not be resumed until 
apartheid is folly abolished. So 
we have one breakaway tour 
after another and anomalies as 
well as disruption. In one 
breath Rice refers to this latest 
series as Test cricket; in 
another he says is eligible for 
England since elsewhere these 
are seen as unofficial matches. 

Breakaway tours further the ■ 
interest of cricket among the 
whites. But they are no , 
substitute for Tests against full 
strength countries or for tours 1 
abroad. In this series. South 
Africa averted defeat through 
the achievements of Pollock, 
aged 41, Rice. 36. McKenzie, 
37, and Le Roux, 30. With one 
or two exceptions, the next 
generation has yet to materi- 

So the sponsors ensure that 
the remarkable Pollack is made 
offers he cannot refuse. He is a 
rich man and a great batsman 
who feels no bitterness at not 
having had the opportunity to 
improve on his Test average of 
60.97, second only to Bradman 
and achieved before he reached 
bis peak. 


Jones will 
to ring in 

By Sriknmar Sen 
Boxing Correspondent 

Colin Jones, the former 
British, European and 
Commonwealth welterweight 
champion, who has been out of 
action for 14 months, returns 
to the ring on March 19 at 
Alexandra Pavilion, north Lon- . 
don. Sharing lop billing with 
him will be Tony Sibson, of 
Leicester, who also hud been 
out for a similarly long period 
but made a spectacular come- 
back with a two-round victory 
over Juan Elizondo, of Mexico, 
last month. 

Jones, whose opponent has 
yet to be named, will be hoping 
to make as exciting a return as 
Sibson's. He said yesterday 
from his home in Gorseinon. 
South Wales, that be was in top 
shape and would be match-fit 
by March 19. “By the summer I 
expect to be back in the top 
three or four in the world," 
Jones said. 

The man Jones really wants 
to meet is Lloyd Honeyghan, of 
Bermondsey, the British, Euro- 
pean and Commonwealth 
champion. “He cannot really 
call himself the champion until 
he's beaten me. After all those 
were the titles I gave up. 
Honeyghan will . make a nice 
warm-up for the serious stuff" 
Jones said. 

Sibson. too, has plans to get 
into the top three or four of the 
middleweighis. At Alexandra 
Pavilion, he could meet one of 
two world-ranked men like 
Dwight Davidson or James ■ 
Kinchen, both Americans, or 
be could take on someone i 
beaten by Hero! Graham, the 
British and European cham- 
pion, to score points off his i 

Frank Warren,Sibson's pro- 
moter, has two people in mind: 
Jose Seys. of Belgium, whom 
Graham stopped, and 
Sanderline Williams, of the ! 
United States, against whom 
Graham looked unimpressive 
at the Ulster Hall, Belfast. 

Like Jones, Sibson wants his 
European title back and cannot 
wait to challenge Graham. 
“He's slippery," Sibson said 
about Sheffield's European 
champion, “but he won't get 
rid of me. The sooner we meet 
the better. I can't wait to play 
the piano on his ribs. Graham 
has got to think where he has 
been all these years. If he wants 
to come out of the shadows be 
has got to fight me." 

According to Warren, “It is 
ridiculous that Graham is 
world No 3. when he is. not 
even the best middleweight in 
the Midlands." Thai claim will 
be put to the test in September, 
if Graham does not give up his 
European title by then to 
concentrate on weightier mat- 
ters like Marvin Hagler. 

Sibson aims to keep himself 
in top shape for any eventual- 
ity with a contest a month. He 
said yesterday he did not mind 
boxing Graham's stablemate, 
Brian Anderson, for the British 
title, if Graham gave that title 
up as he is expected to. “I need 
one more - notch for the 
Lonsdale (Belt I promised my 
mum." Sibson said. 



bowls j Beashel on 

Welsh count their wounded 
as Bath time beckons 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

London Welsh, drawn yes- 
terday to meet Bath, the 
holders, in the quarter-finals of 
the John Player Special Cup, 
are still recovering from the 
rigours of last Saturday's 
fourth-round tie with 
Camborne. The Welsh, beaten 
by Bath in last year's cup final 
ended the Camborne game 
with three injured players who 
are unlikely lo be available 
against The Welsh Academicals 
on Sunday. 

Welsh players were particu- 
larly bitter at Camborne’s 
physical approach which cul- 
minated, they claim, with a 
kick delivered to Cotyn Price 
after the final whistle had gone. 
At the time Price, their stand- 
off half, was lying on the 
ground recovering from the last 
tackle of the game. Though 
unwilling to dramatize the 
situation. Price said he saw feet 
approaching and was only 
saved from severe rib iqjury by 
putting up his hand to protect 
himself; he was unable to use 
that hand yesterday. 

Earlier in the game the 
Welsh had lost Bowing, their 
long-serving back-row player. 
He suffered a gashed cheek 
from a stray boot early in the 
game and ended with a torn rib 
cartilage and two suspected 
broken ribs after being tram- 
tried on. Clive Rees, tbe 
London Welsh captain, be- 
lieves Bowring may not play 
again this, season. 

Rees said his dub contem- 
plates no formal action but 
regrets the aftermath which 
leaves London Welsh's 
preparations for the game 
against Bath on February 22 in 
tatters. In addition to the 
possibility of Price and 
Bowring being unfix. Llewellyn, 
their lock, has damaged shoul- 
der muscles. Coincidentally, all 
three players were reluming to 
the first team after long 

Unhappily for the Welsh, in 
their centenary season, their 
own disciplinary record is not 
all it might be. Llewellyn was 
suspended by the club after 
being sent off against Newport 
in November and Collins, 
another lock, was sent off 
against Bedford last month. 
There have been difficulties, 
too. among the club's lower 
‘ sides so that players are aware 
that their behaviour on the 
field is under scrutiny. 

The situation is exacerbated. 
Revs believes, by the different 
refereeing interpretations they 

have encountered this season. 
Like other London clubs they 
are frequently given exchange 
referees, from other pans of the 
country or indeed the world, 
since they recently bad Bob 
Fordham, the Australian inter- 
national official, who handled 
their game in January against 
Bath (who. weakened by inter- 
national calls, lost 26-9). When 
frustration in one area en- 
counters frustration in another, 
the result is, inevitably, 

Camborne officials said yes- 
terday that any accusations of 
foul play would be discussed 
very seriously, though they 
were disappointed to hear of 
the Welsh claims. Stephen 
West, their secretary, said: 
“What is being alleged doesn't 
seem like our team. We are noi 
pansies but it's not the way we 
have won anything this 
season." Camborne have had 
one colts player sent off this 
season but no senior players 
and Mr West pointed out that 
Mankee. their scrum half, had 
been raked during Saturday's 
game without making any 

Certainly it was a hard, at 
times over-robust, encounter, 
one expects nothing less from a 
Cornish team. Punches were 
thrown but it was for from the 
worst game of its kind 1 have 
seen. Where the Welsh suffered 
was that their technical 
superiority did not receive its 
due reward against players who 
sometimes bad to go outside 
the law to hold their own — as, 
for instance, at the set scrums 
where the Welsh front row, one 
of the most competent in the 

country, found themselves 
penalised more than once 
when it seemed the penalty 
should have, gone the other 

Curiously, at the quarter- 
final draw, the only three teams 
to have obtained results on 
Saturday came out of the bag 

first London Welsh's home lie 
with Bath was followed by 
Harlequins, who will play the 
winners of the Broughton Park 
v Leicester game. 

This, like the other outstand- 
ing fourth-round games, will be 
played on February 22. the 
date of the quarter-finals, 
although Northampton and 
London Scottish have yet to 
resolve their tie. The Scottish 
have suggested playing this 
Saturday but Northampton, 
mindful of the effect of a 
televised international on then- 
gate (and that the same 
international-will deprive them 
of Pearce, their England prop) 
are keen to play the following 

The Rugby Football Union 
have given dispensation for 
games to be played in midweek 
or on Sundays in an effort to 
avoid cup fixtures piling up. As 1 
things stand, delayed quarter- 
final games will probably be 
played on March 8, the day of 
the county championship semi- 
finals. The only club to - be 
seriously affected by that clash 
is Blackfaealh, who supply most 
of tbe Kent team, and they 
have first to get past Wasps. 

The Schweppes Welsh Cup, 
whose fourth round is on 
February 22, faces problems 
next season because of a 
threatened boycott by leading 
clubs. The Welsh Rugby Union 
general committee have con- 
firmed their wish to riiany the 
seeding procedure, exempting 
the last 16 in this season's 
competition from the 1986-87 
preliminary rounds. The club 
merit table organization, which 
includes all the leading names 
with the exception of Cardiff 
Tredegar and South Wales 
Police, have already said they 
will withdraw from the cup if 
the change goes through. 

final draw: London Welsh v Bath; 
Harlequins v Broughton Parti or Leices- 
ter Nort ham pton or London Scottish v 
Saracens or Gtoucssiar; Wakefield or 
Nottingham v Btackheath or Wasps. 

NZ appeal to London 

Wellington (PA) - The New 
Zealand Rugby Football Union 
(NZRFU) are to ask tbe Privy 
Council in London to overturn 
judicial decisions in New Zea- 
land which led to the strapping 
of the AU Mack tour of Smith 
Africa last year. 

Tbe NZRFU chairman Ces 

Bfowy said that they would 

approach the council os V uynyy 
of principle wfakh still re- 
mained after die rann , n«rtmi of 
the tear. Tbe Union are 
challenging the ndmg of the 
New Zealand Court of Appeal 
that two rugby-playing lawyers 
had tbe right to contest tbe vote 
by tbe Union's executive to so 
ahead with the controversial 

NZ players 
look to 
next year 

By Gordon Allan 

Some of the players in the 
Embassy world indoor singles 
championship, which ended at 
Coatbridge on Sunday, win 
come together again in a new 
event during the first week of 
April — the world indoor pairs 
championship. The venue is 
the Conference Centre at 
Bournemouth, equipped with 
the transportable rink used fen: 
the United Kingdom singles at 
Preston. Format and sponsors 
have yet to be announced. 

Tony Allcock of England 
beat Phil Skoglund of New 
Zealand 21-15 in the Goal- 
bridge final and collected the 
first prize of £11,000, a world 
record in bowls. Skoglund said 
last week that New Zealanders 
had long regarded the Embassy 
as almost impossible to win 
because indoor conditions were 
strange to them. But by Sunday 
be had shifted his ground and 
was implying that he and Peter 
Beiliss, despite losing, had 
achieved a partial breakthrough 
arid were eager to complete the 
job anoi her year. 

There have been four losing 
finalists from overseas in the 
eight years of the champion- 
ship: Philip Chok (Hong Kong) 
in 1980, Burnham Gill (Can- 
ada) in 1982, Cedi Bransky 
(Israel) last year, and Skoglund. 
A breakthrough is inevitable. 
Skoglund and Beiliss are due to 
return next February to tty 

Allcock is head teacher at a 
school for handicapped chil- 
dren at Stroud. In these days of 
sportsmen who talk about 
nothing but sport, it was 
pleasant to bear him say that at 
home he never talks about 
bowls. “It's only one part of 
my fife," he told us. “There are 
many other pans. People who 
know me wall bear that (nil" 

He had no easy matches. 
Each tested his nerve and his 
wilL David Cutler of England 
was favoured by many to win 
the title, but Allcock beat him 
after absorbing the simple 
advice of David Bryant: "For- 
get Cutler’s brilliant outdoor 
record- This is the indoor 

Cutler. Noel Burrows. Befiiss 
and Skoglund — each in turn 
asked searching questions of 
Allcock on the greens but he 
answered them cooly. and 
skilfully. In many ways his 
performance over the whole 
week was a model for aspiring 
singles champions. 

form as 
rivals slip 

From Barry Ptekthall 

Australia UL Alan Bond’s 
latest America's Cup defence 
contender, look control of the 
12-metre world championship 
here yesterday with a convinc- 
ing win in the third heat of this 
seven-race series. As Australia 
III, skippered by Colin Beashel, 
swept to victory, its close 
rivals. New Zealand II and 
America IL were unable to 
break dear of the pack. 

Tbe promised sea breeze 
failed to fill in before the start 
and after one postponement a 
second shift in the wind 
favouring the port side of the 
course brought a new line-up to 
the front of the fleet 

First to round tbe weather 
mark was Peter de Savsiy’s 
former Cup challenger Victory 
83, the winner of the world 
championship off Porto Cervo 
last year, but unfortunately its 
Italian skipper, Tommaso 
Chieffi. bad already put himself 
out of contention by starting 
prematurely. The leader there- 
fore was New Zealand L 
skippered by Chris Dickson. It 
was followed by Australia III 
and True North, tbe Canadian 
entry steered by the Flying 
Dutchman gold medal winner 
Terry McLaughlin. 

It was on the second beat, 
when the sea breeze had begun 
to build up. that Australia 111 
took command of the race, 
establishing a 23-second advan- 
tage over New Zealand I, 
skippered by Graeme 
Woodroflfe. at the next weather 

As the winds continued to 
increase, Australia □ and 
French Kiss came up in 
contention but in the jibing 
duel that followed the Kiss 
crew foiled to have their genoa 
ready for hoisting at the wing 
mark and then lost more time 
when tbe sail Mew out over the 


Australia n was quick to 
seize the opportunity to move 
ahead but that min was soon 
lost when her headsail came 
out of its luff groove on the 
beat to the finish, allowing 
America II and New Zealand II 
to salvage fourth and fifth 
places respectively. 

The scratch crew mi Chal- 
lenge 12 also ran into problems 
on the penultimate 1% 

RESULTS: ThW Racec 1 .Australia in fC 

2. New Zealand t (Q 

3, True Nonh (J Bend. 
4, Anwnea B (J Koflua, uSk S. New 

Race of the decade 
in prospect as 
crews take shape 


The Oxford crew who will be 
seeking an eleventh successive 
win in this year's Boat Race 
will include the oldest man 
ever to row in the event: 
Donald MacDonald, a 30- year- 
old Scot. MacDonald is' two 
years older than Boris Rankov 

was in his last appearance for 

For the first time in over a 
decade, however. Cambridge 
have been made favourites for 
the Boat Race, which this year 
takes place on March 29,' by 
the event’s sponsors. 
Ladbrokes. Cambridge are 
quoted at 5-4 on: Oxford are 

The closeness in the betting 
suggests that Ladbrokes expect 
the 132nd Boat Race to be a 
close one. But much water will 
ebb and flow under Putney 
Bridge before the race itself/ 

Oxford have only two Blues 
on board this year they arc 
Bruce Phi Ip. the only oarsman 
to row for Oxford and Cam- 
bridge in a Boat Race, and the 
Wykehamist. Matt Thomas. 
Oxford's chief coach, Daniel 
Topolski. is disappointed that 
three Blues at New College — 
the oarsmen Jones. Clay, and 
Cartledge — are not available 
because of academic pressures. 

Oxford will be looking for 
real power from their 26-year- 
old Californian, Chris Clark, 
and George Livingston, who 
will be backing the stroke, 
Thomas, in the engine room. 
Clark gained a full inter- 
national vest in the 1985 world 
championships, and he and 
Livingston are Pan-American 
medal winners as well as 
United States Olympic 

MacDonald boasts, as for as 
I know, another first apart 
from being the oldest man to 
take part in the event: he has 
three children, and I cannot 
recall a Boat Race oarsman 
with a trio of infants to his 
credit. He is a mature siudcm 
reading English at Mansfield 
College and rowed in last year's 
winning Isis crew. 

Cambridge have an impres- 
sive line-up which includes the 
most experienced oarsmen in 
either crew, the 28-year-okl 
John Pritchard, in the six-seat. 
Since 1979 Pritchard has won 

three Henley titles, being the 
victor in the Grand twice. He 
was an Olympic <1950) and 
world silver medal winner 
(1981) in eights. Also in the 
engine room is the talented 
Canadian freshman. Edward 
Gibson, a world lightweight 
medal winner. Olympic oars- 
man and world finalist in 
coxlcss fours: further strength 
comes from Paddy Broughton 
and Sieve Peel, who arc both 
Blues and British inter- 
nationals. In addition. Cam- 
bridge have a formidable stern 

Cambridge have selected a 

21- year-old medical student. 
Carol Bunon. to cox them this 
year. The Oxford cox will he a 

22- vcar-old History- student. 
Andy Green. He coxed the 
Oxford University women's 
eight to victory in lhe Boat 
Race at Henley last year. 

So Oxford have a real fight 
on their hands against a well 
organized, highly motivated 
Light Blue nine. For lhe next 
three weeks. Cambridge come 
under the tutelage of the 
Canadian gold medal winning 
coach in eights. Neil Campbell. 

The Boat Race crews had 
mixed fortunes over the week- 
end. Cambridge dominated 
London University at Ely. but 
had to have a break from work 
on Sunday since Broughton 
was recovering from flu and in 
some distress. On the Tideway. 
Oxford were given something 
to think about by lhe British 
lightweight eight designate. 
Ohve's. Orpington and WcrcMiert. Bcw : 
G Scraaion (Magdalen College 5c?wxd 
and Menont. A ware iKnas School. 
Chaster an d Onetj; D MacOonjic 
(MomssoiVs Aaademy and ManslwWI B 
M PMp‘ (Bryansaon: Dowrsng. Cam- 
bridge and Worcester!. C Clark (Univer- 
sity ol California and Universal G 
Livingston (University 0< California and 
Onelj: M Thomas* (Wmcntsitr and 
Pembroke), stroke; A Gme". 
IHaberdashers" Asxe s and Cn-isi 
Cmjronj. con. 

(Stcurpon Kgn and Fiwwniami bo». W 
Wilson i Princeton University ar-d Tnmtvl. 
J D Hughes [Betforc Modem and 
Downing |-. J Pew (Stanford Urwersrty 
and Trinity): F Peel" {King's School. 
Chester and Downnct: J M Potcn jrd* <51 
Ctemer.l Danes and Robinson); E Gibson 
(Queens University. Ontario and Cnur. 
Chutf. P H Srpognipn* iKedy College. 
Southampton university and Wacdaiene'. 
Stroke- C Burton i Alice Onfey and 
Fitzvnhami. cox 

•A Blue 


The long and short of 
Langer’s problem 

From John Ballantme San Diego 

Bernhard langer may play 
the world circuit for the next 
10 years, but he will never 
forget the play-off be lost here 
to big Bob Tway in the rain- 
shortened San Diego open on a 
Turaeresque evening with the 
sun selling along the Pacific 
Ocean at Toney Pines. 

Later, Longer gave out good 
news and bad news. The first 
was that his wife, Viklti. will 
bear their first child in Ger- 
many on July 14, three days 
before the Open at Turn berry. 
The second was that he has 
resigned himself to being able 
to play in only about 13 
American tournaments this 
season, two less than the 16 
demanded of Severiano 
Ballesteros by the commis- 
sioner. Dean Beman, which 
brought about last year’s 
controversial banning of the 

“The Internal Revenue is 
allowing me only 121 days in 
the United Slates this year and 
there's no way, with rest and 
practice days, that I can play 
more than 13 events," Laager 
explained. He declared that, 
ideally, be would love to play 
in up to 25, but added that, if 
the 121 days decision is not 
changed (an announcement 
will be made at the end of this 
month), he still would not play 
the entire European tour, not 
this year at any rate. “I will be 
taking several weeks off to 
spend with my family," be 

Langer pointed out that all 
foreign players here will be 
affected similarly, although 
Greg Norman and players who 
live over here and play nearly 
all their golf in the United 
Stales are in an entirely 
different category. 

Langer. who' was only two 
strokes behind Larry Mize's 
halfway lead after his brilUani 
66 on Friday, and Tway, an 
impressive Oklahoma new- 
comer at 6ft 4in and 13 si, 
finally tied on 204 for 54 holes. 
The European, who won the 
Masters and Sea Pines titles in 
successive weeks last April, had 
badly needed a birdie four at 
the 499 yard 18th. the green of 
which is guarded by a small but 
iniquitous pond, to put maxi- 
mum pressure on young Tway, 
who played just behind him. 

But he cut his drive, leaving 
himself 250 yards to die water. 
He was obliged to lay up with a 
five-iron and then to pitch with 
a wedge. First the crowd roared 

as his ball struck within a foot 
of the flag, then groaned as it 
screwed back just off the from 
of the green. from where he 
took two putts. 

Tway had driven into trees 
to lose a stroke at the 17thand 
this left him needing a birdie 
four to win at the last or a par 
to tie. He drove into a bunker, 
also laid up and then pitched 
much too boldly to the back of 
the green. He charged his 30 
footer six feet past. Langer 
looked on impassively as Tway 
holed out for par and they 
marched off to the 15th to 
begin the play-off. 

The German had a good 
chance to win the SSI. 000 first 
prize on that first green.but bis 
10 footer lookd into the hole 
before veering an inch wide. 
He was beaten on the next 
green when he hit a 30 footer 
five feet past the pin and 
missed the return in deep 
shadows to lake a bogey to 
Tway’s solid par. 

The Masters champion then 
took the opportunity to de- 
scribe in detail his “big 
problem”, the crux of which is 
that if he stays here one day 
longer than his tax allotment of 
121 days he will have to pay 
US tax, as well as German tax. 
on bis world-wide earnings. 

He has already, in five 
weeks, taken the tidy sum of 
SI 1 2.692 out of American prize 
money, enough to wet the 
baby's head in five months' 
time, and he now has a 
handsome lead in the new $2 
million Vantage Cup com- 
petition. which carries the first 
prize of S 500,000 but which, 
because of his shortage of days, 
he has no chance of winning. 
These are short but long days 
for Langer. 


Kama rules 

The Hague. Netherlands 
(AP) — Karin Kania. of East 
Germany, on Saturday over- 
whelmed her opponents in the 
women's world championships, 
taking the title with victories in 
three out of four distances. 
Andngi Eh rig and Sabine 
Brehm, also from East Ger- 
many, finished second and 
third respectively. It was 
Kania's third world title, after 
victories in 1982 and 1984 


m k Cup 

Semi-final first teg 
A Via v Oxford Utd P 

First division 

West Ham v Southampton (p) 

Second division 

Bradford City v Fulham 
Brighton v Oldham Ath (p) 

Third dmsiori 

Chesterfield v Bristol Rows 
Gffingftam . v Newport County (p) 
Notts County v WatsaU (p) 

Fourth division 
Burnley v Aldershot 
Rochdale v Southend Utd (p) 

Freight Rover Trophy 
Southern section 
Reading v Orient 
Northern section ' 
Halifax v Lincoln (&Q) 

Runcorn v Fncktev MaWa «» Pt 

U*OJE : Bwton r Bans- 

P 0k Manchester &ty v 

i22?!L' 6 t 5 i: Sneffletd Wednesday » 

v Manchester 
dirtHom Bradford v 

ham v Blackpool t 7,Qj ; pr^aon v 

POprauj. COMBINATION: Crystal PBk 
fuSSS™*? 1 lBt LBamaT2rtFm 

SETS. • fcsS?al - =«v 


Neatt ’ w Pomvcraw p.oj 






strike gold 

By Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent 

Beverley Kinch is the only 
ou islanding gold medal hope 
in what is one of the largest 
teams that Britain has select- 
ed for the European indoor 
championships in Madrid on 
March 12-21. 

There are certainly plenty 
of medal possibilities among 
the 20 athletes concerned, 
especially KirV.y McDermott 
and David Sharpe at 800 
metres. Rob Harrison at 
1.500 metres, and Billy Dee 
and Yvonne Murray in the 
3.000 metres. But Miss Kinch 
will probably bear the onus 
of favourite for the 60 

She won the title in 
Gbteborg three years ago. 
setting a UK best of 7.16 
seconds. But she missed out 
last year in Athens due to 
injury, when Neliie Cooman 
of the Netherlands, who was 
third in Goteborg, beat 
Marlics Goehr to the title. 
The tiny Miss Cooman will 
always fare better indoors at 
bt) metres than over 1 00 
metres But the form that 
Miss kinch showed in win- 
ning the national title two 
weeks ago suggests that on 
Madrid's very fast sprint 
surface she could gel dose (o 
7.JI) seconds. 

The team is unlikely to 
match last year’s fine result 

of three gold and two bronze 
medals. But big improve- 
ments this season by Jennifer 
Stoule (200 metres), Angela 
Piggford (400 metres). Lesley- 
Anne Skeete (60 metres 
hurdles!. Mary Berkley Hong 
jump! Myrtle Augee 

(shot! have warranted their 
inclusion on the commend- 
able basis that introducing 
youngsters to pressure in 
relatively low key champion- 
ships like these will pay off 
later at bigger events. 

The same goes among the 
men for Steve Buckeridge (60 
metres hurdles) and Steve 
Heard and Brian Whittle at 
400 metres, where they will 
have a hard act to follow, 
since Todd Bennett set a 
world indoor best of 45.56 
when winning in Athens last' 
year, a time which was 
bettered by Thomas 
Schoenlebe of East Germany 
with 45.41 seconds in Vienna 
on Sunday. 

It is just as well that the 
current assaults on the world 
pole vault best are not being 
mounted at Cosford. For 
Sergei Bubka of the Soviet 
Union and the Americans 
Billy Olson and Joe Dial 
wouid literally be taking the 
record through the roof. 

At the beginning of the 
year the world best stood to 

Beverley Kinch: favoured to shine in die sprints 

Thierry Vigneron of France 
at 5.85 metres, with which he 
won the European title in 
Goilenburg. Olson did 5.86 
metres in early January. 
Bubka followed with 5.87 
metres. On successive week- 
ends Olson replied with S.88 
and 5.89 metres. Dial then 
got in on the act eight days 
ago wiih 5.91 metres. Bubka 
vaulted 5.92 metres in Mos- 
cow on Saturday, but Olson 
took it up later that night to 
5.94 metres in New Jersey. 

BRITISH TEAM: Man: 200m: A 
Mala (Lonoon trisfi). L Christie 
(Thames vaney). 400m: S Heard 
rwdvemampion), B Whitte (Ayr). 
800m: D Sharpe Uarrow). 1500m: 
fl Harrison (unattacnedk 3000m: W 
Dee (Luton], m Roberts (Stoxet. 
60m hurdles; S BucJtenoge 
(BflohfieW) H»gh jump: G Parsons 
(Londonj. Shot w Cote (Thurroocj. 
Women: 60m: B Kincn (Hounslow). 
200m: J Stouts (Bromley!. 400m: A 

Murray (Edinburgh Southern). 60m 
hurdles; L A Skeete (MHitwkJ). High 
jump: O Davies (Leicester]. Long 

K mp: M Berkeley iCroyoon). Snot 
Augee (Cambridge) 



Wasps 9 victory 
is bad news 

By a Special Correspondent 

Case in favour 
of Jackson 

By Michael Coleman 

It was one of those classical 
“good news, bad news” eve- 
nings at Durham Ice Rink on 
.Sunday. Dunum Wasps beat 
Dundee Rockets 8-4 to stretch 
their lead in the premier 
division of the Hcincken 
League to three points: but they 
lost their star centre. Paul 
Smith, with a fractured left leg. 
following a collision with the 

The Durham loss was the 
second weekend defeat for the 
Rockets, following a surprising 
setback at Nottingham on 
Saturday, where they found 
Jamie Crapper at his best- He 
was involved in ail seven goals, 
"scoring four of them. 

It was a remarkable weekend 
for Tim Salmon of Ayr Bruins. 
He scored three goals and two 
assists in Saturday’s 6-5 win at 
Fife and followed this with six 
goals and nine assists in 
Sunday's rout of Peterborough 
Pirates. This took him past 1 00 
league assists and took his 
pom's tolaJ to 174 ... one 
behind the record 175. held 
jointly by Roy Halpm and 
Dave Stoyanovich. 

Poor Peterborough still 
search for their first premier 
division wm and suffered a 
dreadful blow on Saturday 
when Ken McKie dislocated 
his shoulder. The injury could 
keep him out for the re<t of the 

Murray field’s Tony Hand 
had another productive eve- 
ning against the Pirates and his 
lour goals and nine assists took 
him past ihc 100-poini mark. 

Murray field were not so 
lucly on Sunday, finding Not- 
tingham Panthers goaltender. 
Brian Co\. in spectacular form. 
He saved -X of 50 shots. 

Another goaltender to shine 
was Cleveland Bombers' Char- 
lie Colon, who was voted man 
of the match at Fife. But not 
even his efforts could prevent 
Ihc Flyers from gaining a 10-7 
wm. wmch kepi them in fifth 

But Slrealham Redskins - 
winners by the odd goal m 13 
over a surprisingly resolute 
Whitley Warriors - are only 
two points behind and look 
ahead to next weekend with 
confidence. They entertain 
Dundee and Fife and see it as 
an opportunity to confirm their 
play-off chances. 

RESULTS: Pnoto rteiaiere W* Flyers 
5. Ayr Bruins tx. MurrsytaM Hactrs 19. 
PeferoaroiDH Prates 8: Nonmrytam 
Pantners T , Dundee Rockets Sc Ayr 
Bruns 19. Peterborough Prates 4; 
Durnam Wasps 8. Dundee Rochets 4; 
Fife Flyers yfl , Cutwoiani BamOara 7; 
Nottingham Panthers 9. MurraytteM 
Racers 2. Sbeetftam Redstdns 7. Wfwey 
Wamors 6 

Dnnswo Out Blackpool Seaptfb 13. 
Gfasgow Dynamos IS: Oowrrse Chiefs 
16. (Mom Cay Stars 7; Sheffield Saves 
1. Richmond Flyers 2: Ttftoro Tigers 12. 
Bournemouth Stags 12: Altnrcham Aces 
8, Bournemouth Stags 4: Southampton 
V*ings 4, Sotmufl Barons 1ft 

Barrett’s bout 

Mike Barren, the pro- 
moter. has won the purse 
offer for the British lighl- 
welterweight title bout be- 
tween Terry Marsh, of 
Basildon, and Tony Laing. of 
Nottingham, who . recently 
won a final eliminator. Bar- 
ren. who paid £10.600 for the 
contest, intends to stage it at 
the Albert Hall on Apnl 9 but 
may have to give way to a 
European title defence by 
Marsh that month. 

No sport can boast as big a 
graveyard of talent as ice figure 
skating. It is hoped, therefore, 
that the selectors of the 
National Skating Association 
keep their experienced heads 
on their shoulders when they 
pick tonight the team for the 
world championships in Ge- 
neva next month. 

Who to send: the national 
champion. 1 4-year-old Joanne 
Conway; who finished eleventh 
in the recent European 
championships in Copenhagen, 
or Susan Jackson .deposed for 
the national uile by Conway 
last December, who came 
seventh in Copenhagen? Put 
simply, a lot of money has 
been invested in sending Con- 

One of the drawbacks to the 
over-exposure of young talent 
in the media and especially on 
television is the sense of failure 
that engulfs the competitor 
when expectations are not 

There were alarming signs of 
this in Copenhagen when Miss 
Conway's parents, there by 
courtesy of ITV, began 
apologizing to the press after 
their daughter bad in their 
view, failed to deliver the 

With Miss Conway’s best 
interests at heart, the onus is 
now on the selectors to resist 
any ITV pressure and the 
media's infatuation with the 
girl who sprang from nowhere 
and choose Jackson for Ge- 
neva. For these reasons: 

1. Her range of jumps is wider 
than Conway's, especially the 
combinations of double 
axel/double toe loop and triple 
toc/double toe loop plus the 
double lutz which Conway 

apparently has not mastered 

2. Coolness under intense 
pressure. Unlike Conway, she 
made no mistakes in Copen- 
hagen: distracted by her youn- 
ger challenger’s presence, she 
opted for double rather than 
triple salchow, good battle 

3. By finishing inside the fust 
10. she ensured two places for 
Britons at next year's Europe- 
ans. This itself deserves re- 
ward She also has a much 
better chance than has Conway 
of finishing inside the firs: 10 
at Geneva, thereby earning two 
British places in the 1987 

4l Jackson, not yet 21, is 
evidently improving and will 
peak by the Calgary Olympics. 
The Russians have long dis- 
pelled the myth that at 21 you 
are finished in this sport On 
the contrary, age is an advan- 
tage when under intense media 

5. She is made in Britain. 
Unlike Conway, now training 
with the Fassis in Colorado 
Springs, Jackson, a Nottingham 
girl, is coached by Arnold 
Gerschwiler. as wire a head as 
any in figure skating, at 
Richmond London. 

6. The NSA has a distinct duty 
to discourage the poaching of 
talent abroad and to encourage 
the presence on British rinks of 
home-produced skaters on 
whom other youngsters can 
model themselves. 

7. Lastly, Conway must be 
protected from the glare of a 
world championship and the 
saturation TV coverage to 
which she would inevitably be 
subjected Her day will come, 
but not until the Olympics 
after next. 


Only two 
have a true 


By Nicholas Harling 

To all intents and purposes, 
there are two teams left m the 
chase for the Carfsbetg Na- 
tional League championship. 
Mathematically Portsmouth 
can still make it, but three 
defeats in four days — two of 
them against rival contenders 

— have left Team Poly cell 
Kingston and Sharp Manches- 
ter as the teams likely to 
resolve the issue when they 
meet in what amounts to a 
championship decider next Sat- 

I Portsmouth's 112-101 defeat 
at Manchester United on 
Saturday, which followed hard 
on their reverses against Kings- 
ton last Wednesday and at 
1 Brnbnd Docks Uxbridge and 
Camden on Friday, left their 
coach, Danny Palmer, 
acknowledging the end of bis 
i team’s title ambitions. "It's out 
of the question now." he said 
: “We're out of 0001601100.” 

Beaten only twice previously 
all season in the league. 
Portsmouth ultimately suc- 
cumbed to the losses of 
important playera for several 
matches. Wells. Moore and 
now Slaughter have all been 
forced out at various times, 
and Irish is playing in pain 
with a knee injury bad enough 
to force him out of tomorrow's 
England team to face Switzer- 
land in the World Champion- 
ship game at Leicester. 
“Kingston and Manchester 
United haven't suffered a 
major injury all season, but we 
have been hurt," Palmer said 

What makes Portsmouth's 
demise doubly frustrating for 
Palmer is that Moore could 
have returned much sooner 
than he (fid - last Wednesday 

- after having glass splinters 
removed from an eye after he 
crashed his car in November. 
“1 blame myself totally for 
that,” the coach said “because 
I didn't seek a second opinion. 

[ was told he couldn't play 
until Apnl until 1 saw another 
doctor who said that he was 

Moore, watched by the 
England coach. Bill Beswirk. 
who had been persuaded by 
Palmer to attend Saturday's 
game, was soon back in the 
groove, following his 17 points 
against Uxbridge with 39 
against United, including six 
shots worth three points. It was 
largely through the young 
guard's efforts that Portsmouth 
built up a six-point lead just 
before the interval 

Against a zonal defence after 
the interval Portsmouth floun- 
dered as Will Brown found the 
form that made him an easy 
choice as the sponsor's man of 
the match and ensuring 
United’s I6U1 successive league 
win. Unfortunately for Ports- 
mouth, Moore's rejuvenation 
has coincided with a bleak spell 
for Irish, who finished with 21 
points against his old club, far 
too few to satisfy Palmer, who 
complained: “He needs 10 play 
like a top-dass American but 
he is not doing it.” 

Like Irish, Doug Lloyd, of 
Kingston, . who has also 
dropped out of the England 
team, was fit enough to play for 
his dub Saturday, helping them 
defeat Birmingham Ballets 1 1 5- 
106. Told that Lloyd was 
see kins an acupunturist for his 
painful back. Jane Chamber- 
lain. the wife of Kingston’s 
coach, offered to walk over him 
wearing stiletto heels. Lloyd’s 
consent is still awaited. 

Birmingham are just one of 
seven dubs battling over the 
last three positions for the play- 
offs. Kingston, United, Ports- 
mouth, Manchester Giants and 
Crystal Palace being certain 
qualifiers. Walkers Crisps 
Leicester had looked assured 
for a place, but Saturday's 9*- 
95 home defeat by Nissan 
Bears Worthing was their sixth 
successive reverse. Like Wor- 
thing. Hcmel-Watford Royals 
improved their chances, defeat- 
ing Manchester Giants 104-95. 


David Miller on the qualities that are taking Britain’s best ski racer to the top 

Confident Bell is closing the gap 

Bill Johnson's Olympic gold 
medal in the downhill at Sarajevo, 
which made him a millionaire, 
seems less dazzling to the humble 
British viewer when it is known that 
the American learn spends 50 times 
as much as ihc Bmish on its Alpine 

Marlin Bell’s sixth place in 
Saturday's World Cup downhill at 
Avoriaz. the third lime he has 
finished in the top 15 this season, 
gives him hope, at least, of being 
granted a facility that will further 
close the gap between him and the 
world’s best skiers: a personal valet, 
better termed a service technician, 
for his skis. 

Winning medals #nd champion- 
ships is. in case you had not noticed 
when watching Ski Sunday on 
television, as much about skis as 
skiers. Probably more so. The reason 
why ihc lop racers so conspicuously 
ripihcir skis oft their feel and hold 
them, up in front of the cameras, 
faster than they turn on an icy bend, 
is no! jusl because ski manufactur- 
ing is a national industry among cut- 
throat rivals in Alpine countries. It 
is because of what the manufacturers 
do for the skiers. 

They pay them, of course, but 
there is far more to if than that. Bell 
is a pauper in the spon in which he 
competes, not because the elite 
champions he is trying to catch 
make tens of thousands of dollars a 
year while he has had to subsidize 
his own budget, but because he is 
working with inferior skis, in quality 
and number, and is dependent on 
the chanty of goodwill off the 
course. As well to be a short-priced 
Derby runner without a blacksmith, 
or an Olympic sprinter with the 
wrong spikes. 

All the leading national trams 
have a ski technician specially 
assigned to service (hem. financed 

by each of the manufacturers 
supplying one of their skiers. After 
each day’s training or racing, the 
lechnican will prepare up to 20 pairs 
of skis for the following day for each 
racer, sometimes working half the 
night Several experts wilL the next 
morning, take the snow tempera- 
tures on the course, and a decision 
on which ski a racer should use will 
be made at the last possible moment 
before the start. 

At Kitzbuhel this season, three 
manufacturers. Head. Fischer, and 
Blizzard, had a private test course of 
200 metres near the bottom of the 
run. and flew by helicopter the 
selected ski nominated by experts to 
their racers on top of the mountain 
half an hour before the start. Such 
refinement can be vital when, as on 
Saturday, only one second separates 
16 runners between fourth and 
twentieth position. 

By contrast, Bell often has to 
choose his ski the night before, from 
a selection of about 10 pairs, 
gambling on the conditions and the 
weather forecast, and relying on the 
friendliness of the technician with 
the Swiss or Austrian or Canadian 
team to prepare them for him. Often 
he is spending the afternoon or 
evening following a tough day on 
the course, working on his own skis 
for several hours. 

Walter Hubman, the new Austrian 
coach to the British team this year, 
with whom Bell has found a 
comfortable understanding, says: 
“To have our own technician would 
give Martin more lime to recover 
each day. mentally and physically, 
and give him a wider choice on race 
days. Maybe he can now be given 

Bell is supplied with skis by 
Fischer, an Austrian firm, but out of 
any batch of a hundred specialist 
racing skis, there will be halfa dozen 

men in line in hnont of him to 
receive those with the best qualities, 
revealed by artificial testing. The 
manufacturers have a vested interest 
in winners. 

As Bell says, siding is so much, as 
in most sports, about money. The 
British Alpine team's annual budget 
is £106.000. Hie United States 
team's is £5 million. Gordon's Gin 
has given a £1 10,000 sponsorship to 
the British Ski Federation, but this 
has to be shared between Alpine, 
Nordic, freestyle and biathlon disci- 
plines. Almost 20 per cent of the 
budget goes on administration — a 
liny enough sum — which does not 
leave much for transporting, housing 
and feeding a squad of racers, 
manager, doctor and trainer around 
the World Cup circuit. Each racer 
has to contribute £1,000. 

if Bell were to establish himself; 
which must now be a realistic 
possibility over the next two 
seasons, among the high fliers, it 
would be an accomplish mem every 
bit as worthy and improbable as 
Tommy Farr’s heavyweight title 
bout with Louis in 1937. Can he do 

In the euphoria following Avoriaz, 
he sat back to think about iL Apart 
from the matter of financial support 
and improved skis, he considers 
there are five factors on which his 
chances are dependent: 

• The luck of avoiding the kind of 
serious injury that sadly has struck 
down his younger brother Graham. 

• The continuing backup of trainer, 
doctor, team manager and video 
film operator for studying the 
training runs. 

• His own racing consistency, based 
on improved fitness and technique 
from summer training. 

• The prospect that if he could 
become established in the top 1 5 he 
could be making money, to establish 

Rebels ready to go it alone 
as league showdown looms 

C7 D„ U U Tn,.|n» 

Astonishing though it may 
seem to a Scottish football 
public grown weary of a 
protracted war of words, a 
decision on whether the nine 
dissident clubs will break 
away from the Scottish 
League is likely to be taken 
this week. 

Spcculation is rife that the 
rebels — the entire premier 
division, with the exception 
of the part-timers, Gydebank 
— will decide finally on 
Thursday that their patience 
is exhausted and that they 
can no longer go on talking. 
One straw in the wind that 
threatens to blow through 
Scottish football next season 
is that the dissidents have 
revealed they are seeking new 
offices from which to admin- 
ister the breakaway league 
they have been threatening to 
form for months. 

Another is a statement 
delivered by Campbell 
Ogilvte, the secretary of 
Rangers and the spokesman 
for the rebels, in which it was 
said that a draft of a new 
constitution and rules to be 
lodged with the Scottish 
Football Association has 
been completed. 

These developments 
emerged after a meeting in 

By Hugh Taylor 

Perth at which representa- 
tives ot the leading clubs had 
engageo in yet another round 
ot talks with the league 
president. Ian Gcllady. and 
the secretary. Jim Farry. 

It is understood thai the 
showdown may come on 
Thursday. A decision will be 
welcomed by football enthu- 
siasts heartily sick of the 
conflict which has bedevilled 
the game for the past five 
months. Although the rebels 
are understood to have made 
concessions to the league, no 
agreement on several of the 
major issues was reached at 
the talks on Sunday. 

Consequently, the dissident 
nine demanded that a special 
general meeting of the league 
be convened without delay. 
But again the league decided 
to dally. Their response was 
to bring forward their normal 
monthly meeting to Thurs- 
day. when they will decide if 
a lull meeting can be sanc- 

But most people believe 
the time for talking is over. 
There can be little doubt that 
if the management commit- 
tee refuse to call the meeting, 
the rebels must at last go it 
alone and change the face of 
Scottish footbalL 

If the general meeting is 
called, the rebels will put 
forward their proposals and 
hope 10 gain the necessary 
two-thirds majority among 
the smaller clubs. Should 
they win. the powerful dubs 
will remain within the league 
framework, which will then 
take on the new look sought 
by the nine. Should they lose, 
there is only one course open 
to them: to break away. 

The paramount problem is 
that of relegation and promo- 
tion. as Farry confinnod 
ruefully yesterday. “Ninety 
per cent of what the dissi- 
dents want is being given to 
them on a silver platter with 
changes in voting power and 
in the rules." he said. “But 
they demand that there be no 
promotion from the first 
division and now they ha\c 
suggested that there should 
be no relegation or promo- 
tion at the end of this season. 
Obviously, the first division 
clubs are’ not likely to accept 
the fad.” 

The forecast is that the 
league will refuse to convene 
a special meeting and that the 
dissidents will at last fulfil 
their threat to take action. 

Brady could be replaced 
at Inter by Passarella 

Who mil fall off the Italian 
merry-go-round between now 
and next season? Trevor Frau- 
ds? Graeme Souness? Liam 
Brady? There is a good while to 
go. but from March onwards 
the Italian dobs wbe have been 
wheeling and dealing tn secret 
will be able to do so openly. 

The situation is complicated 
by uncertainty over whether 
the ban on foreign players will 
be relaxed after fbe World Cop. 
The likelihood is that it will not 
be, which greatly strengthens 
the position of those foreign 
players already there. 

It is whispered that 
lnteraarionale are preparing to 
release Brady, and that he 
would then want to come home. 
But their idea of a rep la cement 
for him seems a bit odd: Daniel 
Passarella, the Argentina and 
Fiorent m a defender who will be 
33 in May. 

Brady has been seeking 
clarification from inter's 
preadenLbut Dke Francis, with 
whom be played successfully in 
Genoa for Sampdoria, he is 
happy in Italy and speaks the 
lan g uag e welL Why would he 
be so keen to come back to 

It seems most nrlikely that 
be would want to re:urn to his 
old cfab. Arsenal. 

Don Howe, the Arsenal 
manager, is keen to have him, 
bat the dab's oew coach, John 
Cartwright, seems to be impos- 
ing a big-boot policy that would 
be anathema to Brady. 


Sampdoria. who have been 
orer-burdened this season in 
midfield and up front, the revolt 
largely of a reckless transfer 
policy last summer, are sap- 
posed to be releasing not only 
Francis bat another attacker. 
Mancini. As a teenager 
Mancini was bought at enor- 
mous expense from Bologna, 
but is now probably on his way 
to Roma. 

Two b— World Cup 
players have decided to stay 
with Verona, at least for next 
season. Preben Elkjaer, the 
hi g Danis h forward so badly, 
wanted by Roma, will not move.' 
No mill Hans-Peter BriegeL 
the even bigger West German 
defender who, after anommang 
that be meant to leave, has 
been persuaded to change his 

MeanyrhOe. attention is turn- 
ing hi the European Cup 
quarter-final between Barcelona 
and Juventns, the first leg of 
which ukes place ou March 5. 
Giovanni Trapattoiu. Jove’s 
manager, watched Barcelona in 
Seville, but it -as a pretty futile 
visit since neither Be rod 
Schuster nor Steve Archibald, 
the key Barcelona players, was 


FRENCH: Strastxxvg 1. Anxene3: Mob 
2, Laval 1: Suchaux 2. Nee 0: Lens 1. 
Nancy 0: Rennes 1. MwseOes 2. 
GREEK: AEK 0. O*ympako3 0: Ans 
O.lrakfcs 0: Paniontos Z *Pp4on 
Katanurtas 1: Yarm 0. OF1 0, 
Panac twri d 2: Laraa 
0. Doxa 0: Apoflon Athens 0. PAOK 2, 
Ethnihos i: Panawlnaikos 4. 
Paraerrafeos 0. Laettna po aU on tz 
PanatMnakos. 29pt« mis. 25. Arte. 25 
SPANISH: Barcelona 3. Hercules 
0. Sente 4; Rea) Vateooiid 0. Attoeoc 
BCbtto 1; Real Madnd 2, Osasuna 0; 
Cata 0. ABeeco Mratfd 1: Sporty 2. 
Real Zsragosa Z Real Sooeaad 1. 
Racing 1; Real Bate 1. Espenol ft 
Valencia 1. Us Paanas 1. bewteg 
pe w aowe: Real Madnd. 4tots; &ro»- 
EtoTkT AlhWdc Baboo. 31 
BELGIAN: CW> Brugge 2, KV Mechelen 
£ Anoenecht A Antwerp 1: WnncN 1 
0. Standard Logs 3: Waregem 3 uAaren 
0 : Serara ftkonri* ft Ghent 0. FC 
Uegeots ft CtBhena 2. RWD Moientaek 

Z Bramcnot ft Cerda Brugge 1; Lterae 
1. Severon 1. Loading pnBw aa a. Quo 
Brugge, 38pts; Anoanecnt, 37. Waregem, 

PORTUGUESE: Chaves 0. Porto Z, 
Benfica 2. Covdna ft Asadamca 1. 
Sporang 4; Batonenea u Z Forrano mwe 
1; Braga 2, Bowteaa 1: Peratw* 1, 
Gutmaraes 1: SeJgutvrtM 1. Seams! ft 
Aves 1. Marttmo 1. Leading posraoa x 
Benfica. S3pw Sporting, 32 Porto. 31. 

TURKISH: xaysempor «, urauspor i; 
Sa nyef 3. Sskaryaspor Z Kocaauspor 1. 
T'abzonspor 0; Ankaragucu 3. 
2onguttakspor 1: Attay 1. Roeapor 1: 
&amsun&por 1, EsMaamrspor 0: 
M alary upor 4. Gencierbviigi 1: 
.Dwwteoor 1: Gahdwaray 2 Btraaspor 
2 BMMU Z UxxSnq postbons: 
Gtfatasarev. 32ptt. Benktas. 30: 
Samsunapor 28. _ . 

WEST GERMAN: Stuttgart 7. Hanover U; 
Borussta Dortmund 1. Fomra Dusset- 
don 2; Bayern La-frfXusen 0. Ncsumown 
0: Werner Bremen Z Cowgne ft 
Borussa Moancnangtadtecti 2, Ham- 
txrai; Bayern Muwti 5. SaarOtuacken 
1: femrachi Frankfurt 1. Bodum ft 
Sense* Z Bayern uerdtogan 0. 
ITAUAN: Attetta ft JuvMus ft Ban 0. 
P*&a ft Fmmn 1. Como ft Mean 2 
Ssmpdons 2 Napoi 1. Lecce ft Tcrnno 
0. Roma 1; Urtmsse 3. Avefimo 1: Verona 
0. rrnemaBonete 0. ladfig pontoons: 
Juveraue. 32pa; Rome. 2ft Nape*, 24 . 
ARGEndmah: emcarita Juniors 0. 
moBDenaante Z Tateraa (Conwaj 0. 
Argenonos Jureora ft Radng (Cordoba) 
ft San Lorareo 1: Newell s Old Boys Z 
Estuduraes 1 : Vwez Sarsneu S. Union ft 
Gmretsia 1. Hmaem 2 Daporsvo 
Eapanot 1. Intotum IConloba) 1; Boca 
Jurnors 1, TempedBV ft WO Cemt 
Oes» 1. Pietarwa 1. Leadtog poaftromK 
Rt»er Ptena, 42 pcs: Newel's OM Boys, 
33. OepordvD EspanoL 32. 

Trapanoni said be was im- 
pressed by Barcelona and that 
he regarded the winger 
Carrasco as their most dan- 
gerous player, “unpredictable, 
fast, elusive, two-footed". 
Archibald. Trapattoiu said, was 
“a very mtefligeut penalty area 

man **. 

With little apparent chance 
of tempting Schuster to Mex- 
ico, Franz Beckenbauer, the 
West German manager, now 
seems determined to entrust the 
organization of the midfield tn 
Felix Magaih. though he 
looked clumsy and slow in his 
team's victory last week over 
Italy in AveiUno, when Briegel 
was rampant. Beckenbauer's 
feeling is that the ttorid Cup is 
coming a couple of years too 
early for West Germany; too 
Soon for some of his rising 
young players to be ready. 

Socrates, the Brazilian inter- 
national player, returned to 
Florence with the Flamengo 

This year's European Cup 
final will take place in Seville 
on May 14. UEFA, who were 
heavily criticized over their 
preparations for last year's ill- 
faied final at the Heyjd 
Stadium in Brussels, have 
given the Alcalde Stadium in 
Seville a much more rigorous 
examination. There will be 
1.000 police on duty. The 
European Cup Winners' Cup 
final will he held in Lvon on 
May 7. ' 

team nine days ago and loped 
around the field in a match 
which was part of his transfer 
deal from Fiorentma- Flamengo 
lost 3-2. Socrates, who is only 
40 per cent fit, predicted that 
the relatively sk>« pace at 
which the game will be played 
in the World Cup finals will be 
a great advantage for the 
Brazilia ns against the Europe- 

Tek Santana, Brazil's man- 
ager. announces his list of 28 
World Cnp possibles oo 
Frida yand takes them into 
training in Beta Horinwteon 
Monday. Santana's predecessor 
as Brazilian team manager, 
Ztco’s brother. Edo. has jnst 
supplanted his fellow Br a z il ia n . 
Jorge Vieira, as manager of 
Iraq. A bitter Vieira, the man 
who guided Iraq to Mexico, has 
returned to BraziL Hchad 
appointed Edn as his assistant 
coach. “He promised me 
loyalty." Vieira says. 

• Brian GlanvUk is Football 
Correspondent of The Snnday 
T fines 

Perryman talks it over London rivals’ 

Tronhv tie 

Tottenham Hnt^nnr's at Villa Part ha<t hern wici. * • 

Tottenham Hotspur's at Villa Park has been posl- 
captain, Sieve Ferryman, has poned because of adverse 
promised to let Oxford United ground conditions. 

2 Dotty v SnetfMd W 
X Luton v Arsenal 
2 rw no ro v Brighton 
2 Tor* v Liverpool 
Not on coupon*: 

Southampton v MArafc 
Tooennam v Evenm 
(Sunday* Wtototf v Buy; 
wen Ham v Mandwscer 

Martin Beil: hopes that success 
wQ] increase technical support 

himself when he has to retire from 
racing, instead of still scuffling at 
present to find enough cash to keep 
going, from personal sponsors such 
as Salomon (bindings), Lange 
(boots) and Harrogate Ski Club. 

• The motivation of the new 
knowledge that he is nearly there. 

Bell would like to continue 
working with Hubman. and. feels the 
mood is mutual. They have enjoyed 
striking up a training relationship 
with the American team. “We get 
(he advantage of their logistical 
support out on the course, and also 
the stimulation, instead of training 
alone." Hubman says. The next two 
years could be exciting. 

know today whether he will Queen's Park Rangers hope 
leave White Hart Lane after that their former Liverpool 
al most 20 years. forward Michael Robinson will 

Perryman is wanted by the be fa for their semi-final at 
Milk Cup semi-finaJists to lend home to the An field team 
experience in their fight against tomorrow. Pau 
relegauon. “He is a good Liverpool's mail 
motivator, an example tc other „ an kJe injury 
players and his experience The match is I 

would add stability to the live, and Ranger 
side, the Oxford manager, practically guaift 
Maurice Evans said. “I have ma icb will take 
spoken to Steve and he said be 
would let me know tomorrow nrvrki q c C 
after talking things over with • UULo rL 
Peter Shreeve.” 

Perryman's insistence on 

speaking to Shreeve may in- 

dicate that he feels his future J* cup f teth bou 

stiU lies at White Hart Lane. | ^ J a£2F 

possibly in a coaching capacity. 2 r w no ro v an^t 
Ironically. Perryman was left 2 Tot* v Liverpool 
out of the Tottenham team H 0 < ~ 0lt 
which beat Oxford 5-1 m fSJSKV 
December. He has played a (Sunday!; Wattott v B 
dub record 653 League games » Mam** 

for Tottenham since his debut un " aa 
Against Sunderland in Sep tern- FIRST DtvwoN 

ber 1969, gained a single J" « «"*»** < 

England cap. was named Foot- mahanKSunday): 
bailer of the Vear in 1982 after fwweaste v Aston v 
leading Tottenham in second mnsKX 
successive winning FA Cup J 
finals. . and coL’jcled three * Sam v OwS 
UEFA Cup winners' medals. 1 h.ji « ShfewbSv 
Perryman, whose current J leads » B amaay 
contract at White Han Lane 
expires at the end of this y WHnoMon v Sto* 
season, would almost certainly Not on cotton* Non 
be given a free transfer in w 
recognitioo of his services. „ two wvisiqn 

Oxford's first away win in 2 Daranann v tamo 

division one earned them the J 

Fiat “performance of the week“ x 

award, with £500 going to a X Wgsn v GMngnv 

local boy’s dub. Evans admit- 
ted he had “pressured" his 
players into producing the wigan. NonrwnBmn 

goods. Os*»« try. Ayjwowy. 

•Tonight’s Milk Cup semi- BEST DRAWS: h 

final first leg match between 
Aston Villa and Oxford United Bouroeircoutn. duhh 

FA Trophy holders 
Wealds (one have been given a 
great incentive 10 reach the last 
eight of this year's competition, 
a home tie against their 
London rivals Enfield. 
Wcaldstone's game against 

tomorrow. Paul Walsh is South Bank was postponed 
Liverpool's mam worry, with until next weekend. 

injury DRAW w****™ or South Bank ¥ 

The match IS being televised Eniuo: Soumporr or KjOdenranssr v 
live, and Rangers' plastic pitch , B H ncor Q: wonraig or Ketwraig v 
pre.jcdfr.guana .lM to ihc 

match will take place. fcowani Ties to be payed on March 1. 


Not on cem oot Bristol 
R v Wanes: Newport v 
Swansea (Sunoay). Reari- 
ng v Bremtoro. 

FOURTH DWI9QH X Oswestry v GanstXKO 
1 v Preston 1 Sogrhport v Bangor 

1 Camb U v Coetestgr 1 Worlongtpn v Mtfloek 
1 Cheater v Rocnaaie 1 Worksop * Chortay 
1 Hertford v Stockport 

X Nriornpm v Harapooi SCOTTISH CUP FOURTH 

X Buxton y Burton 

1 Gateshead v Mossley 

2 Gooie v Caernarfon 
1 Manns v Xonoch 

1 MorocamOe v S bvflrpl 
X Oswestry v Gmsboro 
1 Southport y Bangor 
1 Workmgton v Matlock 
1 Worksop v Chortey 

Not m conpc e e : Cov- 
entry v Bir- 
in gha*n( Sunday ): 
Newcastle v Aston Vila. 

1 BJacxoum v C paaos 
X Cartois v HudrieraM 

2 Fulham r Chariton 
1 Shrewsbury 
1 Leeds v BamaKy 

X Mitkfeabro v Grimsby 
1 Shed U v Bradford 

1 WmcttdOrt v Stoke 
Not on enfant: Nonncft 
v Sunaerama 


2 Blackpool w Boumemth 
2 Daringm v GhesovM 
1 Unooto v Bolton 

1 Piyrmn v Doncaster 
X Rotherham v Walsall 
X Wigan v GMngnmn 

X Qnm y Marat** ROUND 

2 S3JS a „ V r^ ShW 1 CaWc v Q 0880 6 ** 

1 15 una88 u v KHWnock 

1 Traranere v Wrexham Nor on co u pons: Alloa v 

__ . _ Moihwwefl or Brecon; 

Not on coupon*: san> Arbroath y Aberdeen or 

thorpe v Exeter (Friday): 
Southend v Hattax (Fri- 

1 Barnet v Scarboro 
1 Boston U v Wycombe 
1 Cheltenham v Derdord 
1 Krddmnstr y Maicsiane 
1 Sottcwfl v Dagennam 
1 Ttotoro v Ntmaton 
1 Vteyrmh v Kettering 

Montrose: Dundee v A w- 
one: Hamfton v Hearts: 
W*Mn » Ayr: St Maron 


Not upona: Clyde v 
East Fife; Pardck v Dun- 
barton: Forfar v Br acton 

1 tarochch v Basngstke 
X Aylesbury v Gttvwand 
1 Cnaimsiord v Sheesiad 
X Dudtty v Bedwortn 
X Farenam v Worcester 

TREBLE CHANCE (home teams) Liton. 
Cbtuk. MKJaesorouffi. Rotherham. 
Wigan. Nortnamtron. Grant. Bunon. 
Oswestry Ayfesouiy. DucSey. Farenam. 
BEST DRAWS: Luton. Rothemam. 

wnan. N o rt ham p to n. Owssoy. 

A WATS: Bngraon. Liverpool. Chariton. 
Bournemouth. Dunienmme. 

1 Gowdenpt h v Aaron 


Basngstta 1 St Johnstone * Stotaw 
Gritosend 2 Stranraer v Meadowom 
Sheosned Net on coupons: 
Wwonn Stenh0u3emw v Queen 
Worcntar ot me Sort* 

HOMES: Huft Chester. Hertford. Port* 
Vale, Stafford. Teflon], Gaassnesd. ua- “ 
rate. MvecantM. Worksop. CeHc. Dun- 
dee Urated. 

FIXED OOOSe H o m a e: Wgttonl. Hu*. Port 
Van. Come. Duran Urated. Array* 
Brighton, Liverpool, Crewe. Draws: 
Luton, Rothe rha m. N onna wipw n 

5ru*. i 

« » ■ -> iUiiJi/nl i LX>ivcniv 1 i i 1700 


l 5 . 


Italy’s low 
rating in 

Frankfort (Renter) — Italy, 
the World Cap bidders, bare 
been rated as the equals ot 
among others, Albania and 
Turkey for the purposes of the 
1988 European championship 
draw which takes place here on 

The 32 nations taking part id 
the qualifying stages will be 
drawn in serai groups, four of 
five teams and three of four 
teams, with one team from each 
section going forward to the 
1988 finals, west Germany, the 
hosts, qualify automatically. 

The European Football 
Union (UEFA) have created 
five categories, or pools, of 
teams for the draw, with the 
strongest supposedly in the 
first category and the weakest 
is the fifth. UEFA based their 
assessment on how nations 
fared in qnaUfyimg for foe 1984 
European finals and for the the 
year's World Cap finals. 

Consequently Italy, who 
foiled to qualify in 1984 after 
finishing fourth in their section 
and as holders did not compete 
In foe World Cop prelimi- 
naries, have been rated in the 
fourth of foe five pools with 
Scotland, Greece, Finland, Nor- 
way, Turkey and Alban i a. 

Critics fear this could distort 
the groups in much the same 
way as happened in the draw 
for the World Cop finals in 

France, the European cham- 
pions, are included among the 
seven top seeds. 

POOL ONE: England, Dmnaifc, Spain, 
PWfuoal, NaOwnada, Belgium, franco. 
FOOtTT WQi SortM OnCn , Norttara 
Inland, Romania, Swadon, Hunpwy, 
Wshn, Bulgaria. 

POOL THREE: Austria, YogoaMa, 
CzocteatowaUs. East Oarmany, Poland, 
SwttzMtmd. Ireland. 

POOL POUR: Scotland, Oaacn, Finland. 

Norway, Italy, Toriray, al&ante. 

POOL RVE Iceland, Malta, Cypnn, 

Return of hooliganism 
could keep the 
door to Europe closed 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

The Football Association is 
to hold an enquiry into the 
disturbing attack that was 
launched on Manchester 
United's team coach as it 
arrived at Anfieki on Sunday 
afternoon. After hearing evi- 
dence from both clubs and 
the police, the governing 
body may no longer feel that 
the door to Europe should be 

Milan's daily newspaper, 
Gazzetta deflo Sport . has 
already delivered its verdict 
from mar. “Liverpool's hooli- 
gans were back in action," it 
said yesterday after hearing 
reports of the inridenL “The 
new wave of violence can 
only delay the possibility that 
UEFA will lift the ban on 
F.n giUh teams in the Europe- 
an cups." 

The timing of the trouble 
could not have been more 
apposite. Following the trage- 
dy before Liverpool's defeat 
by Juventus in Last May's 
European Cup final in Brus- 
sels, England were considered 
fortunate not to be with- 
drawn from foe 1988 Europe- 
an championships. The draw 
for that event happens to be 
taking place on Friday. 

The FA should look further 
than the brick that was 
thrown at the coach and the 
gas that was sprayed at 
United's players as well as 
several young and innocent 
bystanders. They would then 
know that, although the 

domestic season has so for 
been relatively peaceful, hoo- 
liganism still lurks danger- 
ously in the background. 

Liverpool's supporters 
were once famed tor the 
warmth of their humour and 
the generosity of their appre- 
ciation. But on Sunday the 
spirit of the audience was 
unnervingly sinister. The 
ground was a cold and 
threatening arena before, dur- 
ing and after foe game. The 
atmosphere was hostile, the 
language obscene, foe ges- 1 
hires provocative. 

Some of foe venom was 
directed at Ron Atkinson, 
United's manager, and Bryan' 
Robson, the injured and 
suspended captain, who were 
silting in the directors' box 
next to foe press area. 
MercifUIiy, the abuse was 
restricted to the verbal kind 
though it was nonetheless 
stunning in its ferocity. 

Some of it was reserved fen* 
those who had laid £5 for a 
seat in foe main stand A 
friend a United supporter, 
was given an alarmingly dose 
view of foe animosity which 
began as soon as the teams 
emerged The aggression 
turned into physical violence 
when United took tin; lead 
after 14 minutes. 

“There were four groups of 
about half a dozen men 
scattered across a Kwiitwi 
area around us,” he said 
“They were in their middle 
to late twenties, they were fit 


and athletic and they wore 
expensive clothes. They nei- 
ther looked nor dressed like 
obs and they seemed to 
iow what they were doing. 

It was like a commando raid 

“At a given signal, they 
scrambled over some 10 rows 
of seats and converged on 
one United fan in particular. 
They punched and kicked 
him systematically for a 
minute or so and then, just as 
suddenly, went back to their 
places and sat there innocent- 
ly as though nothing had 
happened There was no 
more physical stuff but foe 
atmosphere was terrifying. 

“All of them were drunk. 
They had bottles of vodka, 
which they were drinking 
openly out of glasses. That 
was particularly worrying. I 
just couldn't wait until the 
game was over and 1 could 
get out safely. The police 
came over but they didn't 
seem to be interested or to 
want to get involved” 

Although he is an avid 
United supporter, he said 
that he would never again go 
to any game outside either 
Old Traffotd or possibly 
Wembley. The views of his 
girlfriend, who accompanied 
him, were similarly vehe- 
ment. She is from New 
Zealand and she was attend- 
ing her second match. During 
the first, three years ago, she 
was mugged 

High price of ignoring the Don 

i \ 
* i 

Leeds United are still 
searching for a formula after 
12 years of trying to 
recreate the success they en- 
joyed under Don Revie. In 
this two-part analysis, PETER 
BALL looks at life- and 
strife— at EllandRoad after 
that remarkable era. 

In the heady days of the late 
Sixties and early Seventies, 
when Don Revie's team were 
carrying all before them, the 
Leeds United directors em- 
barked on an ambitious ground 
rebuilding programme, turning 
Elland Road into one of the 
finest arenas in the country. A 
ground for heroes to play on. 

In foe dressing room foe 
heroes, those cynical observers 
of directors’ doings, viewed the 
plans with a quizzical eye. The 
jokiqg comment from that 
quarter went “We're a great 
.team playing in a second-rate 
ground. By the time it's 
finished we'll be gone, and 
fob'll have a great ground and 
no team." 

A little over a decade later, 
that prophesy has come true. A 
week ago Billy Bremner, the 
dub's seventh manager in the 
12 years since Revie’s depar- 
ture and the third of tire great 
team to be given the task of 
restoring the club's glories, 
survived questioning at the 
dub’s annual genera) meeting 
relatively unscathed. But 
Saturday's defeat at Grimsby 
leaves relegation to the third 
division for the first time in foe 
dub's history a real possibility, 
as Bremner concedes. 

There is. however, one factor 
not forseen by the dressing 
room soothsayers: the club no 
longer own their magnificent 
stadium. It was sold to the 
local council last September for 
£2.5 million to dear the debts 
accumulated during the club's 
decline. Since his appointment 
in October Bremner has not 
succeeded in slopping the roL 
The decline, however, had set 
in much earlier, offering a sorry 
tale of mismanagement at 
board level since Revie's exit 
in 1974 to become the manager 
of England. 

There is a football adage. 
“Success goes in cycles”, a 
fatalistic assertion offering suc- 
cour to the currently unsuccess- 
ful that it is not their fhult: but 
the enduring success of Liver- 
pool proves otherwise. The 
year 1974 marked the start of a 
period in English football 
when, with gates dedining 
' while inflation hit salaries and 

Giles (left), Revie's recommendation, and Clough, the 
directors' choice 

transfer fees, foe opportunity 
was offered to tire successful 
big dubs to establish a perma- 
nent hegemony over the game; 
Liverpool took it Leeds re- 
jected it 

In 1974. when they won the 
League for a second time, 
playing with a freedom that 
had eluded them earlier, Leeds 
were if anything ahead of their 
then great rivals from 
Meiseyside. Revie. the archi- 
tect of their progress after 
inheriting a poor second di- 
vision team in 1962, had over 
the 12 years turned them into 
one of foe most powerful dubs 
in Europe universally feared 
and respected, if not loved. 

Revie’s domination of the 
dub had not, however, en- 
deared him to all of the 
directors, who were less than 
happy to find that the team 
coach left the ground when the 
players were ready, not when 
they were. On one famous 
occasion two directors were 
stranded at Tottenham while 
foe coach sped north. 

When the time came for 
Revie to move on, those slights 
were remembered and they 
ignored perhaps the most 
important decision of his 
career at the dub: his advice on 
a successor. Recognizing the 
value of continuity, which had 
served Liverpool so well, Revie 
recommended John Giles, a 
player steeped in the dub's 

The directors instead turned 
to Brian Clough- It was a bold 
but monumentally insensitive 

It was a disaster. His 
supporters maintained that he 
had been defeated by a players’ 
mafia unwilling to accept him. 
His own insensitivity did not 
help, bis statement that “I 
never want to hear that man’s 

name mentioned around here” 
when a tea lady referred to the 
departed Revie being widely 
quoted as an example. 

A more teHing one to the 
players was his comment to 
Eddie Gray, whose bravery in 
the face of a series of knee 
injuries bad confirmed his 
position as the most popular 
Leeds player inside and outside 
Bland Road. Clough told him: 
“If you were a horse, they’d 
have had you shot long ago.” It 
might have been meant as a 
joke, but tt was received with 

Giles, hardly a disinterested 
observer but nevertheless a 
perceptive one, felt that 
Clough's haste to change the 
team be thought was going 
over the hill baa been the cause 
of his downfall. “We were a 
very good team, with many 
great players, and there was a 
lot of good football left in us,” 
Giles said. Clough thought 
otherwise and blew through 
Elland Road like a whirlwind, 
bringing in John McGovern, 
John O’Hare and Duncan 
McKenzie to build the “new” 

He was not given the chance. 
Leeds briefly sank to nine- 
teenth position and the Leeds 
directors compounded their 
original error by not seeing it 
through. After 44 days Cough 
was sacked, with a large pay-off 
as compensation. 

In his place came quiet, pipe- 
smoking Jimmy Armfield. 
Arm field has admitted pri- 
vately to friends that his new 
players “didn't think I could 
manage a chip shop”, and the 
comment “the manager's in- 
decision is Anal” became al- 
most a passport into foe Elland 
Road dressing room. But after 
the tumult his soothing pres- 
ence provided an atmosphere 

of calm and the League 
position improved while the 
team went mi to reach the 
European Cup final that sea- 

It was to be their last 
challenge for a major honour. 
Bayern Munich beat them 2-0 
in a game that ended with a 
riot by the Leeds supporters, 
the most notorious in a series 
of outbreaks which had given 
the dub an unenviable prob- 
lem. The team began to break 
up, Giles leading the exodus by 
moving to West Bromwich as 
player-manager to gain promo- 
tion in his first season. 
Armfiekl kept the dub steady 
but be was unable to return 
them , to the top of the first 
division, and in 1978. after 
four years, he was sacked . 

Once again the directors 
made a bold foray, appointing 
the late Jock Stein, a manager 
of Revie’s stature but whose 
great days as a dub manager 1 
were behind him. It proved 
another farcical episode, Stein 
never settling in Yorkshire. He 
had lasted one day longer than 
Clough and had still not signed 
his contract when he was 
offered and accepted the po- 
sition as Scotland manager. 

After Stein came Jimmy 
Adamson, who survived 23 
months before leaving in more 
controversial circumstances 
when the board instructed him 
to replace his coach and he 
refused. Like Arm field, 
Adamson had kept the club in 
a respectable mid-table po- 
sition. That did not match 
expectations, and the directors 
turned to Allan Clarice, who 
had been a member of the great 
team and had gained promo- 
tion for Barnsley in his first 
managerial post, to bring back 

Abrasive as a player, Clarke 
was full of confidence, 
announcing that he intended to 
be ranked with Bob Paisley and 
promising that be would win 
the European Cup, The club's 
resources, however, had been 
dissipated and the flamboyant 
signing of Peter Barnes, far 
from Being the first step in the 


creation or a new team, was a 
last self-destructive flint 
Instead of winning the Euro- 
pean Cup, Clarke took the 
financially embarrassed club 
into the second division. From 
those who had suffered at their 
hands during their days of 
success, there was little sym- 
pathy for their plighL 

• Tomorrow: The rise of 
Bremner... ami the fight goes on. 



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need a 
real team 

From AthdeStilL Bonn 

The Arena festival which 
ended in Bonn on Sunday 
confirmed in practice what 
world r anking s have indicated 
over foe past two yeans, namely 
that Europe has. maintained its 
position as the powerhouse of 
world swimming. 

World best times were estab- 
lished over nine distances 
during the three days, tout even 
more significant was _ the 
considerable depth of quality in 
most of foe events, not 
withstanding the feet that the 
Soviet Union and East Ger- 
many. traditionally two of the 
strongest countries in the 
world, had both sent only small 

Nevertheless, in the 
constellation of champions 
from 32 nations, the latter two 
countries provided perhaps the 
two brightest stars of the 
meeting in Igor Poliansky and 
Silke Hoemer. They both woo 
three gold . medals. Miss 
Hoerner in three work! best 
times over the SO, 100 and 
200m breaststroke, and over 
the same three distances only 
the 100m backstroke record 
eluded the stylish student from 

We had been prepared for 
exploits from Poliansky after 
his two gold medal swims at 
the European championships 
last year and his world record 
over the longer distance, but 
Miss Hoemer surprised every- 
one with her superiority over 
all three distances, winning foe 
50m (31.24 sec) by the huge 
margin — considering the 
shortness of the event — of I.Ol 
sec, and. later in "the session, 
the 200m (2 min 25.71 sec) by 
nearly 3 sec. 

Poliansky did not have as 
much in hand in winning his 
titles, but he had the motivat- 
ing presence of Rick Carey, the 
reigning double Olympic cham- 

Both his world best times 
came on Sunday, the 50m in 
25.70 sec with Carey only 
fourth in 26.37, and later with 
an even more impressive 
performance in foe 200m 
event, where he spread eagled 
the field 

Siephane Caron, a French- 
man who also holds a British 
passport through his Scottish 
mother, again confirmed him- 
self as perhaps the only sprinter 
in the world who looks capable 
of challenging Matt Bkmdi. 

Although none of foe above 
swimmers came from the host 
country, it must be said that 
the over-riding impression of 
foe meeting was the tremen- 
dous improvement and overall 
superiority in depth of foe 
West Gomans. They domi- 
nated the mens event’s, taking 
seven gold, 1 2 silver and 10 
bronze medals. 

The 22 British swimmers 
competing here, 10 English and 
12 Scots, were outclassed and 
the lack of success and. more 
importantly, policy of the 
English learn demands instant 

Only three British swimmers 
reached finals and not a single 
medal was won. Nevertheless, 
ihere were promising swims 
from Duncan Rolley, foe 
Gloucester boy on a sports 
scholarship at Swansea Univer- 
sity. who improved Gary 
Binfrekl's English record for the 
200m individual ' medley by 
0.07 sec with a time of 2 min 
05.28 sec, and Gary Watson, 
foe young Scot, who improved 
Ian Campbell's recent record ( I 
min 03.50 sec) for the 100m 
breast-stroke to 1 min 03.14 
sec. Earlier the British swim- 
mers had set a further two 
British and one Scottish record. 
RESULTS; ItaK 50* butterfly: 1, M 
GtOSS {WGJ. 24.60; 2, K Patty (WOL 
24.67; 3. 5 Geuoen CWGJ. 25.10; 4. F 
Hereof (WG). 2S714; 5. E Ran JTMh), 
25.18. 6; 6. B Geoentt (FrL 25.46. 50m 
j W ffU yte l 1. B HoffnwisMr (WC^, 22.3ft. 

2. F Heritor 


W (WG), 22.49; 
fSwrtz). 22.66; 4. N Uedt 
22.85: 5. S Caronf Fr). 22.97; 6. S 
Guesgan (WG), 2S-34. 2m® bnntyte: 1, 
S Caron jfrt, 1:46.78c 2. R Harttel (WG), 
1-4&67; 1 A Sctowtka (WG). T:47.08;4, 
0 torttatfs (WG). M7-84; 5. T 
(WG). 1:48.46; 6. S Pf 

Woman: 60m freestyle: 1. 

(WGl, 25.91 sec, 2. M Atras (Fin). 28.C . 
H Friedrich fEGL 2622: 4. k Such 
2626, 5. S Schuamr (WG). 2640; 
Tata (WG). 27.00. 50a tmatt- 
alrakr 1. S HoemerJEG). 3124: 2. a 
H o*m strom (Swfl. 3225; 3. M Delta Voile 
1 4. U Hasse (WG). 3226: 5. B 

(WG), 3227^Sfen butterfly: 1. 
Kumikova (USSR). 27.72: 6 M /Was 
(Fin). 2EJSO. 3, B Rfst (Nor). 2669: 4. P 
MeMcft (WG), 28.72: 5. B van da Lane 
{Hm. 28 74: 6. K Kianpf (WG). 2820. 
• mm freestyle: 1, H Friedrich (EG), 
55.1 & 2, K Sack (WG). 56.43; 4 g 
Schuster (WG), 56.48; 4. l Zschape 
(WGL 56.63; 5. S Scfrdze (EG). 56-96: 6, 
M Aizpors (WG), 57.65. 


8KI TOTAL- Aurtru 4 man* is 
w- PMBty altar In hWi 
MOWNI4T4 mom. 109321 
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HU mom daily la ommu 

Zurich. Munich etc. from £69 
SW WM 0373 88481 1 
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Aqib In vmrhur PMaw trl for 
dftailR. 01602 3088. 

Avaiubir for Ft* A Mar Raw 
0691 713020 

£S0. Inc hob. 309-7070 CNlIc 
ATOL 1772. 


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ww. i ml lr«rt umti and viinn. 
Trt 01 871 2118 at in 7 nm 


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AHt -V \TQL 1-127 AITO 

Munro- Wilson’s hand 
of hunter-chase aces 

Early season hunter chases, 
where ex-handicappers run 
for the first time, are difficult 
to assess as some retain their 
form well, particulariy if 
remaining in foe same profes- 
sional yard - as did Venture 
To Cognac two seasons ago. 
More often than not. howev- 
er. the older horses sold into 
private hands do not come 
within a stone of previous 

Bearing this in mind, here 
is a look at some of the 
leading candidates for this 
season's hunter chases. 

Oliver Sherwood, who rode 
Venture To Cognac to suc- 
cess in foe >984 Christies 
Foxhunter Challenge Cup at 
foe Cheltenham Festival, was 
hoping to saddle Beamwam 
in this year's race but he has 
been frustrated by foe weath- 
er and will not find two 
qualifying races in time. His 
new owner, David Naylor- 
Leyland, is competent in 
pomt-to-points with two wins 
to his credit in each of the 
past two seasons, but is 
relatively inexperienced over 
the sliffer jumps ami this 
horse cannot be described as 
an armchair ride. Beamwam 
won eight races from 17 
starts in 83/84 for Harry Bell 
and still has age on his side. 

Venture To returns 

alter a season's ab$ence,and if 
all goes well in his prepara- 
tory races may take his 
chance again at Cheltenham 
in March. He proved himself 
head and shoulders above his 
rivals two years ago, but aged 
13 foe task will be much 
more difficult, if he is not up 
to top- class events there will 
still be plenty of minor ones 
at his mercy. He is likely to 
be ridden this year by Paul 

Fred Winter, his former 
trainer has Mnsso and Young 
Lover qualified for hunter- 
chasing. At 10 and eight 
years, respectively, both are 
seasoned campaigners and 
have been with him for some 
while. Musso is ideally suited 
by 3 ’A miles, while Young 
Lover will be at his best in 
foe shorter-distance races. 

Venture To Cognac, who will be reteraing alter a season's 
absence to try to win the Christies Foxhunter Cnp at Chel- 
tenham for a second time 

Herr Capitan ripe 
to take command 

Herr Capitan is one who 
has left a professional’s yard, 
in this case Jim Old's, and is 
now with Eddie Wbettam. 
He won five of his last six 
races in foe 82/83 season, but 
has been less successful since. 
At Ludlow last Wednesday 
he was up with the pace for 
two miles but found nothing 
extra in the closing stages. He 
cannot be written off after 
one performance and it is 
quite on the cards that he will 
win a race or two _ when 
stamina is at a premium. 

Ahead of him at Ludlow 
was Prince Rowan, one of 
three new horses with 
Broderick Munro- Wilson. He 
was in the lead until three 
fences from home but weak- 
ened and Munro-Wilson’s 21b 
overweight cost him third 
place prize money by a short 
head. He won foe Tommy 
Whittle Chase at Hay dock for 
Monica Dickinson and ran 
well when beaten into fourth 
place 12 lengths behind Door 
Latch at Cheltenham a year 
ago last December. 

With Prince Rowan from 
Mrs Dickinson’s yard came 

his stablemate, W Six Times, 
foe winner of five handicaps 
in a row in 82/83 and 
another five during foe fol- 
lowing season. Since then he 
has been disappointing, but 
his outings in the hunting 
field should have r&sawak- 
ened his interest At his best 
he would beat most hunter 
chasers in races of less than 
three miles. 

The other Munro- Wilson 
acquisition is Poyntz Pass, 
who did most of his early 
racing in Ireland, winning 
handicap chases for 
MickOToole over distances 
between two and three miles. 
More recently he has been on 
the Northern circuit but with 
only limited success. Acting 
on any going, he is likely to 
be most effective at 2 'hi n. 

The return of Honourable 
Man in the twilight of his 
career is more than welcome 
for the pleasures he gave 
when hunter chasing in the 
early 80s. At that time, 
undoubtedly the top, northern 
horse, he never achieved the 
principle accolade at Chelten- 
ham, but nos runner up on 
two occasions, once to 
Grittar and by a head to The 
Drunken Duck foe following 
year. For the last two seasons 
he has been running with 
credit in handicaps and, 
having lost none of his 
enthusiasm, he is still a horse 
to be reckoned with. 

-The horse who made foe 
transition most successfully 
last year was Royal Judge- 
ment. After fine performances 
for Josh Gifford in 82/83, be 
ran nine times foe following 
season without a win and was 
beginning to give foe impres- 
sion of losing interest Lady 
Rootes decided to have him 
hunted with the East Sussex 
and Romney Marsh from 
Jean CampbeJTs Pluckley sta- 
bles. Since then he has never, 
looked back. He.has_won five 

times from seven outings 
being beaten by only one 
horse. Further. Thought, both 
times at Sandown and over 2 
Vi miles, a distance perhaps 
short of his best. The Hine 
Cognac at Wincanton is again 
on foe agenda but, weather 
permitting, he will be seen in 
action at Windsor on Satur- 

Farther Thought is “bigger, 
stronger and more settled” 
than be was in 1985 accord- 
ing to Anne Underwood. As 
Mrs Vanden Bergh's 1 1-year 
old won all his races except 
the main one last year - he 
uncharacteristically un- 
shipped Tim Thomson Jones 
at the fifth fence at Chelten- 
ham - it would seem that it 
will take a horse out of the 
ordinary to beat him. His 
campaign is planned to start 
at Sandown on Friday, but 
the main aim is to assist 
those punters who lost for- 
tunes on him in the 
Foxhunters in 1984 and 85 to 
reco ver some of their money. 

Gty Boy aims for 
Aintree repeat 

From the same stable. City 
Boy. easy winner of last 
week’s Ludlow race, has had 
the soft palate operation and 
is better than ever. His main 
aim is the Aintree 
Foxhunters which he won 
Iasi year. 

The big disappointment 
this season is that Miss 
Crorina will be absent, hav- 
ing not recovered from the 
jarred leg received when 
beaten, for foe first time in 
seven races, in the Horse and 
Hound Cup on foe final day 
of last season. Her record was 
such that she started foe 
shortest price favourite in the 
history of the race at 7 to 4 

0,1 Brian Beel 

Taunton favourite to resume Season’s leaders 

■ The freeze continues to 
bold racing in its grip. 
Today's meetings at 
Towcester and Newton Abbot 
are both off and so is 
tomorrow's fixture at Worces- 
ter. The other scheduled 
meeting tomorrow is at Folke- 
stone, where there is six 
inches of snow on the course. 
Stewards will inspect at 9J8 
am this monting. Thursday’s 
fixture at Southwell is al- 
ready. in donbt, and an 
inspection has beat arranged 

Ladbrokes are offering 
odds on the course where 
racing wQ] resume on the 
British mainland. Rank out- 
sider at 50-1 is Folkestone 

Favourite at 10-1 is Taun- 
ton on Thursday, followed by 
12-1 Chepstow (Saturday), 
14-1 Windsor (Saturday). 16- 
1 Sandown (Friday), 20-1 
Newcastle (Saturday), 25-1 
Fakeuham (Friday), 33-1 
Nottingham (Satnr-Isy), 33-1 
Sonthwefl (Thursday). 


Day* Level 
1*1 2nd 3NI sine* Hakes 

J JanMns 59 41 38 23 +5.45 

M Pff» . 47 38 33 3 +15.50 

G Rtcftanb 43 34 28 15 -1&50 

J Gilford 39 35 27 8 -2£22 

IVStopiiansart 36 38 23 4 -73.40 

D Bswortfl 30 17 14 18 -17.30 

4 Bohvarts 2S 34 12 5 -4X7 


Lo ifc B 

lBt2ndM nq. 

P Scudamore 52 47 33 0 

S Sfwwood 52 37 42 2 

SStmthEcdos 49 41 23 2 

H taws 42 28 19 10 

H Rowe 41 39 33 13 

R Duiwoody 34 30 41 3 

P Barton 33 33 20 B 











1 «S» Bli*- tvflA <trr>y UtUn 

m. oik- •miirr. 6.000 
miV-.. PmiHH-r 41 

Knv. lulli Lull'd, twill 



Call 01-453 0957. 




£AA B«tl OHit 
JUV MVliri-t 

Ol TflO 0507 


MM TURBO 'to V io*i •* rtora-. 

ri vIhIIi- all ip uuh hlur < lolh. 

unim qLrA mirs MHV. 

LMrdt UK miukkW <H*» Win 
itDivs oi« Onor mirror*, pa ,. 
Piratrcr tin on -it-lom Kru 
ti^iikv. ,M < -.nan'll tvtirm i 
tiwnor pwrllcnt randilion 

lllllHHUiOlll Niidlr ult 
C4SW 0923 30318 



UK's larged mall order 
company offer customs 1 
return*, pool and snoofcer 
tobies, large or small ouon- 
ntlre available at huge 
discounts- Returned goods 
uU. Surplus A related do 
no) sen. Also uwosantfe or 
cues of various qustttes at 
2fi4o of rctafl. 

Phone 0244 549444. 


University of 
Si Andrews 


Apfrtiraoom. aro liuurti lor 

Ihr P(KI 01 



in Aiuumit 

Lmh'iiiwo of ttNtntina logo* 

Ml .itHni olan Jlorni isrtvnIMI 

*>kI m rontiral qualification P 


The grmvlh. IW«#I .wrltl- 
III* aiiKi (iNtruuiuilioii m rril 
PWiluiniK air rurrmllv hr 

inti Muflirri in Ihr drpanrnrnl 
wlM-tr nrrilml fartulira ar<* 
.n.iiDMr lor UU* rowwrti on 
nil poo ui,ii mi diikMTiirt 
whirh iu, irrrnllv nrrn liirn 
Ulml in inr LnivriMU Gianl, 
t jimtuillrr «*, «l area of 
Mi-ranjih tit Ihr IHKrrailv 

nalat-v at aPPfWIiatr point nn 
Irduit-r, v.ilr L7.H31 IO 
LI 5 M-’nr Ihr senior Lriinr- 
*i-> Millr £14.700 In CIB.414 
prr am mm. plw La 

i m i her iMmenLm mnv tte 
tiiilniimi frmn Ihr CMounun- 
•iii'irt, OUmt, The 

I niwirvii. CaHnp Calr y 

Altrt|."v,. flfa KYL6 9-VJ, Iu 
uhiKn iWrxnib i two 
ml*, mrtrnilMv III ivp«- 
M t iptl « llh Ihr rant, «i three 
inner, ,hwKf nr m>nl lo .ir 
me not loler ItMn I7lti 
Mrfirlt 1980 




ApplirriliMn arr bi\nrd lor 
Iso pod, 10 won. on n Hum 
profrrf nliMerudr viilor (ntfm 
li V And arddemar sUdl on I he 

ctrwgn Far mantuariiirn of ml 
rrn (dtnoulrr Imnri 
Aiimraaiir Tr*<i EuniDmrai 
for ekwironw cdmuonmis 
Amonairahiii, arr inimdnj to 
one young nWUwre. with 
nne or Iwn tear, 1 rSDere-nrr 

the ir.unmo tur land an 
lauremenl tn indinln. imdrr. 
I he tvcurlnwil 01 Imfieln', 
Trarhinn Gamiunv Sihrmn 
Age 2l 28 . w||h 31 drqtrr III 
in « Jnl ■uihtert priHrrred 
fiutlal wldry ca Sh to CIO 5K 
arrortliiM lo expenenev Tnr 
Barn oir altulnl in Poair 
DcrrvH. out wun lull nrrm 10 
Ihr Lnnrrvlv ot Lwlrr 
hmd rat further!, and 
.in apoliralion form. 10 
Profewor D wonUon,. pe 
HKmrnl of LnumerruMi 
Snenrr. L Hhmny ol Evler. 
Exrtrt E\4 4 Of #Trl L\rt« 

Clewing dele lor rnniptrlrn 
apoiuauom. ID LLurh lOAo 


• Inrorporalmq Bnhop otior 
r<4irqr. Onrlmtrr and 

Rognor RrgK College formed 

from a Chureh of Cmilanil cot- 
hue and a torn aulhuruy 


ADDiirniKHn arr milled from 
prn-ils m Ihr Churrh ot 
I'lKtleed nr of a Churrh in 
rommumon with il fot ihe 
PrtM of Chaplain ot 
Ihr imiiiulr wuh rfltvl nn 
I ^ SrpIrniljrT lose Cindi 
dale, ihoiild or inirrrairtl in 
.uul hair exucnciKT of HWl 
rr Ldur.inoii Trie post reuld 
hr rmrdrm witn free arrom 
model »on. The salary i, on 

nil. Iit/iueiver, vale lor me 

ihotrse n ClwheMer 

acuIkjiwii form, and furtnrr 
drliu i, are obtainable from 
The Oirrnars seem eiY. 
Poom T M. We, l Suwt 111 
*WUf of Higher CduralMiir. 
The Come, i ppn Boanor 

Riwid. B, Minor rtruis, wnl 
SiKee, PO!l IHR iTet 0343 
B8SSHI i end rtwniw he tom 
Plelnl end irlumed im) laler 
Ihiln ?Sllr I rtirudr v 1988 


We are one of tbe largest City based Fiaaodal Recruit- 
meni Consultancies and we need a young assistant to 
provide support w ow busy team of consuluuiis. Du- 
ties will be varied and will indude typing and use of 
WP. A flexible approach, lively mind and sense of 
humour are essential. Salary c£&.000 a jljc . For funher 
details, lefcpbone: 

So* Handtoy Jongs on 01-583 0073 


r • 

i- ; 'v‘- 

< 3 ? 





Blyth Dutton wish to recruit lawyers for 
their expanding Company and Commer- 
cial Department to handle a wide range of 
company and commercial work. The range 
of work includes new issues, acquisitions, 
mergers and work for both listed and pri- 
vate companies. 

Qualified solicitors with good experience 
to-date are invited to apply. The successful 
applicants will assume, after a short time, a 
heavy but varied work load, whilst working 
within a team environment, in an expand- 
ing, but not impersonal, firm where the 
prospects for those joining now are excel- 
lent. Blyth Dutton also offers above 
average remuneration and conditions, to 
above average applicants. 

Please apply, with a c.v. to: 

Richard Chamley 
Blyth Dutton 
8/9 Lincoln’s Inn Fields 
London WC2A 3DW 

Blyth Dutton 



Due to recent reorganisation we are seeking to recruit 
Barristers/Solicitors to handle a large portfolio of P & 
I and F.D. & D claims. 

The successful applicant will find career prospects 
excellent and will be joining a friendly and enthusias- 
tic team. 

Salary will be commensurate with age and experience. 
Write in confidence to: 

Mrs. A.C. Morris, 
The West of England Ship Owners, 
Insurance Services Limited, 
International House, 
X St. Katharine’s Way, 
London, El 9UE. 


Kluwcr Publishing Lid, pan of the Kluwer in. 
xeroational publishing group, invite 
applications to join the editorial team working 
on their expanding law and tax list. 

The ideal candidate would be a commited and 
methodical editor who could offer at least two 
of the following: 

•experience of loose leaf or periodical 

•experience of law and/or taxation publishing 
*a professional qualification or degree in law 
•at least 18 months desk editing experience 

3 VKMCln. Ciupm A b» 
■■nlplrokllor with probably 
c. a yan no. pnftraMy 
wtm CUy firm, to work In 
vny modem firm in pleasant 

surroundings, c. £21 2 3.000 

with partnaranip prospect, 
r , . . nti d li dd sl i solicitor 
with so me co. of co. a cotv 
mr trial worn. Inc. 
conveyancing: could be re- 
cently Qualified: c £12- 
16.000 legs! CalMsr , tulty 
comersMH with pw society 
rules: Salary accord in g to «*- 

t a s ds n Mm 7M 
•1-4H Ml 

Letters of application, including CV and de- 
tails of current salary, should be sent to: 


Solicitor w w wi (or matrl- 

P-A. Turtle, Editorial Manager, 
Ktorwer Publishing Ltd* 

1 Harlequin Avenue, Brentford, 
Middlesex TWB 9EW. 

with proem Advocacy 
Ompdatht salary accord- 
ing to experience. 

AMMy with C.V. to 



i/i mu now. 

(Citadel House, 5/1 1 Fetter Lane, London 

Requires ‘in house* qualified legal assistani/s 
(one full-time, alternatively 2 part-time). 
Realisitic salary according to experience. 
Banking law experience desirable (but training 
possible for candidate with sound commercial 

Essentials a re: 

London Districts 
West London 

- Ability to work under pressure. 

- Talent for accurate legal analysis of lay 

- Affinity for lucid but sympathetic correspon- 
dence with members of the public at all 

Cnaveysnetno a u U ce or at 
nuaumum 3 yam pool qual- 

tflenUon experience 

Rcnaesuui ml cwriraerrlal 
workload with defbi ate 
partnership Prasnem. Sala- 
ry c. £ 18.000 

North West London 

- Sound reasoning ability in applying estab- 
lished law 10 novel circumstances. 

Buoyant prattler seeks «x 
penanced litigator 10 Kke on 
Mgh quality workload 
Mainly ron u i inJa i and 
Mgh Court with some mat- 
rimonial and civil content. 
OertsSn prospects and qxh- 
peuitve salary. 

Part-rime posts compatible with family or other 

South East London 

Apply as above-^wj^CV.^quoting 


Mont ana of 12 yean post , 
ttualMled experience IP un- 1 
denote bread range of | 
worn. Monty corraMtutve 
salary. 1 


Expanding firm of shipping solicitors wish 
to recruit the following personnel. 


Record industry 

West End 


1. A solicitor who has had several years experience in 
Finance, Sale and Purchase and Corporate work. 
The successful applicant wiil be capable of working 
unsupervised and be clear partnership material. 

2. A solicitor with several years shipping experience 
particularly in Charterparty and Bills of Lading 

3. A solicitor with up to 2 years post qualification 

4. An Articled Clerk who has had some general expe- 
rience but now wishes to transfer articles and 
specialise in Maritime Law. Alternatively a Barrister 
with shipping experience now washing to requalify. 

All applicants should have enthusiasm, common 
sense, an apetite for hard work and a genuine inter- 
est in Shipping Law which will be rewarded with 
excellent salary and prospects. 

Applicants should write with full C.V. to: 

M.G. Chambers 
Horrocks & Co. 

99 Aldwych 
London WC2B 4JF 

RCA Ariola Records is one of the most successful 
names in Britairfs entertainment industry 

An opportunity now exists for an ambitious Lawyer in 
our Business Affairs Department, which handles the 
negotiation, drafting and administration of all artists? 
contracts as well as other legal matters. VbuTMae liaising 
frequently with other departments within the Company and 
controlling the development and administration of various 

If you’re a qualified solicitor, with good communication 
and administrative skills. and with plenty of potential, this is 
an ideal opportunity to move on fast Experience in the 
music industry or a related field would be an advantage. 

V\fe reward achievement wen and offer an attractive 
salary and a wide range of company benefits. Please 
send fun career details to Malcolm Nicholson, 

Personnel Manager, ____ 

RCA Ariola Records, BIB 

jru *a aMc Gaouinuai 
tatpa w capaWro fiaaft- 

mg PdtlunftaP Sana 
wunui a shot WBtsatf* 

Prrnoui eoonrr ta LM- 
uALpHOH S «w * BwWma 
ug»nw is isisnmi 

Central London 

ms mstWBisnd 

pracOcs requires a soHct- 
lar at Partner level to 

head mdr 

Gonmmv 'Comnnui 
Deputuna. ab imstn» 
MeC&y background am a 
smalt toBowtag as* tn- 

The cxwnston ore- 
SM M of this medtutn 

1 Bedford Avenue, 
London WC1B3DT. 




tor the 
above po si ti ons are 
entirety negotiable. 

JgwT&rse nneC ^ 

tij! -SiViSrecS*? 






SALARY £S,328 - £7,164 plus LONDON ALLOWANCE 

Applications are invited for the above-mentioned post from 
those who wish to pursue a career m the Magisterial service. 
This post would be of interest to persons who have passed their 
professional (aw examination ami persons suitably qualified m 
accordance with the Justices’ Clerks’ (Qualifications of Assis- 
tants) Rules 1979. 

We are an expanding and thriving St 
James’s Practice and require a solicitor 
with at leas: 4/5 years admitted experience 
to undertake with initiative and enthusi- 
asm all aspects of commercial property 
work for public and private clients. 

Salary will be according to experience and 
career prospects are good. 


Expanding Sheffield City Gennr practice re- 
quins energetic Advocate. 


Branson Bradley tk Cs, 

6 ParadBse Square 
Shoffiold SI 1TW 


The successful applicant will be given afl opportunity to gain 
experience h all aspects of the work of She Court and wHI 
assist in the day to day running of a Justices' Clerks' Office 

The appointment Is subject to the usual J.N.C. conditions of 

Written applications giving She name and address of one refer- 
ee should reach me by the 17th February 1986. 

Please write with full C.V. to: 

C.R. Langford 

Amhurst Brian Martin & 


2 Duke Street 
St James’s, 

London SW1Y 6BJ 


Expanding long-established 6-Partner Devon 
Firm with sound commercial Practice seek knowl- 
edgeable hardworking personable Solicitor fori 
their pr op osed new Exeter Office. Litigation bias 
but must be prep ar ed to do some non-con tenuous 
work. Salary and prospects will reflea ibis chal- 
lenging position. 

Write with full CV. to BOX No A69, The Times. 
PO Box 484, Virginia St, El. 

Bayley Hall, 

Herts. SG14L 1EL 

N.A.McKittrick, LL.EL, 
Clerk to the Justices 

Herbert Oppenheimer, Nathan A Vandyk 

We are seeking a solid t or/barri ster, preferably 
with experience in practice, to organise our 
Information Centre, including the day to day 

running of the library, with particular respansi- 
bilitv tor research (using Lexis), assistance on 

bilitv tor research (using Lexis);, assistance on 
the precedent collection and setting up in-house 
education for solicitors in the firm 

Go. hid 
My . 



Salary up to - £14,355 p.a. ’ 

The position is new in scope and challenging in 
opportunity. It needs someone who is enthusias- 
tic. friendly, innovative and well-organised, and 
have the ability to respond effectively to tbe 
needs of the firm. 

ur dM> jto t w i wi a young I ewyar wnh wnz yean »«#. i 
mrtc Ml OUST way coonmertaai t m aanoo department. Gamma* 
*miH tore* wfiUnu ac ade m i c nwiB mb Ctty flame nrntncM rtn 
MJm ro u nd. Prwtoa, ro nnwnt id agnma m. imcScTd m. 
nant or tnsomiqr ah adsanUge. bat mm geMitfial. An appartunu 
i art In Bda in M ar Cny (ton. 

We need a lawyer with the initiative to handle a varied personal case 
load and help manage the Legal Division’s property services. 

The range of experience and responsibility we can offer will be matched 
bt every encouragement for personal development and your enthusi- 
asm and ability will count for more than detailed exoenence. 

Please quote reference: 3S5TC/A. Closing date: 212.86. 
Applications from employees of the GLC or MCCs with relevant experi- 
ence will be welcome. 

Application forms obtainable form the Personnel Office, Room A/204. 
Town Hall Annexe, New Broadway, Ealing W5 2BY Tel:(01) 840 1995 
(24 hour seervice) 

All salaries are inclusive of London Weighting Allowance. 

All posts are open to male and female applicants unless otherwise 

Special consideration will be given to disabled persons whose qualifica- 
tions and/or experience are relevant to the post for which they apply. 

The salary offered will reflect both the qualities 
of the successful applicant and importance 
attached to the position. Apply with CV to: 

Herbert Oppenheimer, Nathan tk Vandyk, 
20 CopthaH Avenue 
London EC2R 7JH- 
Reh CiL. 

Dttffey Consultancy 17 St. Swi thins LaneJ 
Street, London EC4N SAL. 1 


Appointment of a Trainee Court Clerk. 


OWico offtg Chief Pwci i tiug Solicitor 


Prosecuting Solicitor 

Sgbry £7JC8 - £8478. 

AppHc sti otp. m IitM far Ike aton nener 6w newly qnafi- 
Del toiiwn or nUMn who wish (o pent i onn in the 
MetpsterioJ Service. Bar or Law Society finalists will aho be 
coa si te at . Airidca of dn t uh'ni any bcerefttMe in p^wpkfc 


P07 — C16JS31 -C174K7 
Appkanonswg nvaod kern soScaanand Bemstws lor it<g 

aboto prt left warn by an aiteirt orarooeon. ApUcama 
shoid hero a mnwii of 6 yens MHane esperwnce of rtw 
pi epar a no<iapdconrfuaofcr»Tw ii yposeoAorai. and the 

(tunas hdude owing edwoe to ihe Pdtoe. peepewocn of 
rtnanoone gnd ftnuont attendance « Maganates' 
Cowta. lln Pm<toa Proseading Sotoaw a ttaponaSto 1w 
owersaeing toecasewwfcemmwtHiq frwo e busy Pofcce 
Dlwwon and aupwlsion of g team of Sotottn son* 7 n 
nMffOer.dea to gptb M rywMkwoihftonihMPotoaDiM^ 
Apgkants am Bwly to tnrafer no iha Cmun Prosecution 
Se«yea the rarfc of Sertor c ro wn Presecotor. 

Ratkar prttoitero ant apglicaSan fano bom CNel 

COT iror i wi' m salary wffl be detenabied in accarfanoe with age. 
qaaO&rtioRS and c jqwie ace. 

AppHcw ti ocs stMtoa ape. gaUB ft a l iops and upoban, legeiher 
with tbe mm aM eddrenea two referees stHoU be KM ta 
tbe nw tk rs iE nrd by 24 February 1986. 


L ^ 



Ctak ta the Magfawatta' Caazts Ca onutoe e. 
nates* Own Cam Haase. PX). Bex 17, 

Tel: Abmgdon 34757 eat 20a 

Clrtngdpto tmh Fwbniary. 



Cantberfey, Stnrey 
£. Highly competitive + car 

TMa well re ga rded Famny Prance has abnaieanuiim wunanb- 
sUnUal grogmiKi Middlesex based firm as a ro*utl. thev 
require a commuted sondwr wttn me desire and abUKv [o main- 
tain and deveuto the Practice. 

Preferably auaHHod about two years with general Practice raneri- 
om. he. she win be IMowsled bi ungaaon i nr hidl n g nummmtei 
law and advocacy 

As edl as offering a gen erous lenmimuon iiarxaee tndndtog a 
mu car. H ub opportunity p r eaen tt ronsaiprMie scope lor inausd- 
nel exsrvsnan. with wtniannal support from a well structured 
oronnuutnon. pmoects are lo be viewed In Die context nut only 
aoelicaids of oartnanhlp calibre will be considered. 

Head of 

Statutory Department 

We are an established 13 partner firm of 

we are an established 1 3 partner firm of 
Chartered Accountants who are responsible 
for dealing with the Statutory affairs of a 
substantial number of corporate clients. 

An opportunity now exists for a qualified 
Chartered Secretary to head this small but 
very important department: You will be 

Commercial Conveyancing 

Call 01 583 0055 

17 Fleet Street. London EOtY 1AA 
Proreostonal RoardUneM Conmtunta 

working in a pleasant environment with 
friendly people who are committed to the 
highest standard of professional service. 

In line with our committment to invest in the 

latest technology we plan to computerise the 
routine functions of the department 

Central London 

M d lWual property eouct- 
lor. with up to 4 year* PM 
quatmcaiion experience, 
sought by wed respected 
medium sued grwtK* 
Com pro me salary 

Out of London 

West End 

Wro-adoMMwd City centre 
practice mndres ablr coro- 
mrrcui DUganon asistAn: 
with a wn relevant pon 
auaunraoon experience. 

Salary Monty attractive. 

routine functions of the departmei 
We envisage a starting salary of ap 
ly £14.000- £16,000 pa and as a fir 
please send a brier c.v. to Mr Gee. 

Levy Gee 

B«vy Gee 

Farm Road 
London NW1 8EH 

As a result of the continuing expansion of out 
Property Department we require a further Solicitor 
with one to two years Commercial Conveyancing 
experience since qualification. Much of the work is 
for prestigious and demanding Clients and the suc- 
cessful applicant’s experience to date is likely to 
have been gained in the City. 

Please write with full CV to 
Mr. R.N. Scott, 

Messrs. Bird and Bird, 

2 Gray’s Inn Square, 

London WC1R 5AF. 

High calibre medutm - mull 
procure recks able commer- 
cial conveyancer lor Won 
Quality unmprrvisM work. 
Good prospects Salary c 
£ 20 . 000 . 

South Beds 

West End 

High calibre uaettor offer 
n»fl _ a yam post 
OualUlraoon experience 
sought by deriving medium 
•Bred practice Varied Uttga- 
Hon workload one 
eomprowe salary. 

TWO M AUDS (or Nonhonts 
firm ungoHofi and convey one 
Mg. Clean and trusty young 
hands d eferre d . £13.000 Wes. 
spx Consultants 0935 2C183 ! 

won respected 

m edirt m small prattler re- 
quires company commercial 
soucJior wtm 4 years 
mmumum experience. Pos- 
sible faUowmg an 
advantage Good Prospects 
Highly compet i tive salary. 

North Surrey 

Hermit* Qualified souettors 
preferlng general work with 
b commercial Mas reoulrea. 
Young frrendty expanding 
proenre and oKraethe 

Bsukcmo ipraonwom wr 
ail round mgroon soUdtor 
with North East Hernrt town 
nrm £11.000 Wessex Consul 
UuUl 093$ 26183 

IffwT&^otmel I Xgxw ‘Personnel || |^gwTfer^mtef 

Madu roMu under as. 
Non cont e ntious bias for Eu et 
town Unn £14.000 Wmon 
Cbnsul too IS 0938 38183 


Utod — g Cwliolluu and non 
coMenMou* appointment tor ad- 
mm«l sokettor Salaries to 
£! Wow, consul tan is 
09 SS 28(83 

Are Wotong for a SoHcftor with experience of Troon. Too. 
Family Financial Plummy tt LoMM Estates to MM a armor 
partner wnh a *ww to early partnerTOln 8 mu tua l l y ou lt aoi e. 

P le ase write n 
Mr. P£tt Dunnmg 
21. BucMngham Gate. 

London SW1E &S. 

peterborouBh re ot a re an enlhu- 
sLssilc solicit or ta r m«r 
cnmuiaL bagatlon and matn- , 


Senior soucfior probably at 
leesl 6 yr» adtrooed (or progrrs- 
stve medium sued practice. 

generous salary Is offered lo- 
gMher with vxceUeiH future 
prmpects Apply "MU fun CV to 
Wchord HU> Wyman A Abhona 
38 Prlcstpb P e lcrti c re u ylt 

Young Oaasr a l Udgatar lor 
small busy Berta town firm. 
Good spread of work. £12.000 
Wessex Consultants 0935 
73183 , 

fed 88 ee, far Norwich firm. To 1 

£.10000 Wessex ConsuMante 1 
0938 28183 



Base: Central London 

£30,000 pa including London Weighting Allowance 

TTm» Rritith Wafixnvguc DaotvI hmie — — . . 

^ 1 3 

wwnuu. Hiii f iinwi a w. e. 

Hens. Newly - 2 yrs auawiea 
oouettor sought by motor aroc- 
Uoo. £10-13.000. Court 


OU trading romoany requires a legal advisor to be involved in 
the maritime and commercial aspects at us bnarmss and to per- 
forin corporal r secretarial outum. The successful appUcanr must 
asm • p rof es sio nal quanftcaorei as a solicitor or BantaMr ami 
wlo hove tug M temt four yaan. practical mmncrctal experv 

reply aKtaHag currlculiim clue to BOX ATI. 

CC2. Moderately stxed prestt- 
gaous pr ac ti c e reoulre wen 
ouauned senator locally 13 
yrs ad muted Considerable in- 
SHtuHdn work. C competitive 

CUy rales. Conn Aaocutes 01- 
883 0088. 

LfTfBATION Woma Pref new 
\y - 5 yre admitted wen 
estaMtstied practice Some ad- 
vocacy. £ neg. Court AmoclMes 
01-883 0068- 

SUM practice reoulre sonnior 
pref ailaasl4 yraadttiittro wnh 
oxpenence of tax and estate ao- 
imnMratfen- £ htgruy compel a 
exc nr aspects. Court Associates 
01-883 0086 

ftowfy guBIM soHcftor with up 
tHWm etas required for bu&y 
branch ofllcv in Hendon. NWS 
Please t«fenhone Mr D Conway 
OI 203 6T44. 

BARRISTER 2 persons 
required foe sobaiors general 
practice in Govern Carden, one 
for systems organhoiion and so- 
p-rv Kion of clerical sun at 
nota-tming dew collecting dr 

purtmem. and for general 
cot, tenuous work Ule other for 
general non-conlrnUous work. 
FMUrfHiy Over hours , could m 
in wllh school Umei and de- 
mand for aoo which can be 
fnuo) between home add of- 
fice Tel OI 83fc J fa-71 
YOUMC recently qualified solici- 
tor or finale, required for :OOh> 
Criminal law practice Previous 
criminal experience unneces- 
sary Tosvwiu & Co. 280 
Brnion Hill London SWS 
(kin tand ramcyanclitg 
soUcltors Wanted by Wfsl End 
practice Rtf Tt BSO BOSS 

ih e ke e f i il 8 r,lrtodir Ap- 

potnunenis for admmed 
soutatw BS.8b to £ 1 1-300 
wessn Consultants OWSB 

COMPANY ConunardaL SoAtJ- 
tora for Bin, un (plain and 
Coventry vrttb post adnUMoo 
experience Alb.OOO Wessex 
Co Iranian Is 0908 28183 

ABdHfTTEB 1SH Lluganon so- 

amor for Hyraouth arm 
r^fJOO Wmoex Consu Hants 
CWSS 28183 


Young admitted X54K.HCt for 
counirv mwh firm £B GOO Was- 
sax Consultant 0936 26183 

The British VSkterways Board have 
statutory rrapoosi bilitv for ute mamtenaoce 
of some 2.000 miles of inland waterways in 
En^md. Scotland and Wales. They provide 
services and facilities on those waterways for 
leisure, recreation and tourian, and where 
appropriate, for freight transport. 

The successful applicant mil lead a 
department which includes other 
professional staff and will provide a 
comprehensive legal service to the Board, . 

comprising conveyancing, litigation and 
general advice. As the Board's legal and 

^^emary adviser the person appointed 
of ** senior management 

a post at setaor lew! in the 

. T. ; — yams oi ace. 


5 date 5 di Ma? 1986. 




Ufd Sm i A a to r iltigaHan 
went Mainly malrtmoroat with 
sonwcnnia. for Kent town furs 
£10.000 wean consultants 
OM1 28183 

NW1 6jA- 

Lr* iiSP 

I ,y>SH l*S£> I 




& -*S& 





in mit ne ^ 2 assistant solicitors 

“ Priv »te Client Depart- 

‘trfSU-Sl? J 1 ? ** ? x i >eeted to deal with a 
wide rangg of probate, trust administra- 

g .fi P€rs ? naI taxatioii advice and 
so ^?^? d t tax planning matters. 

^generally have been 
qualified for up to 2 years bat nan-quali- 
fied applicants with suitable experience 
will be considered for one of the posts. 

oaiarywiU be according to experience 
and ability. 

Please write with your C.V. to: 

Stephen Lewin 
Crossman Block & Keith 
199 Strand, London WC2R 1DB 

an Block & Keith 


Middle East 

Our client is one of che leading firmsof 
solicitors in the City of London. On its 
behalf we are currently seeking an 
outstanding young solicitor who will 
initially be based in che Middle East 

This unusual appointment offers the 
prospect of a high tax-free salary and free 
tuniiy id develop a career wither one of the 
top firms. Future prospects are excellent and 

indude partnership possibilities in London. 
The successful applicanrwfD be in the late 
20s and hav/e been qualified for at least 
scats dearly that as well as having a 
good academic and career 
backgrouncUhey have the 'fk 38 r 
character personally and j\ /$ j 

drive to handle a relocation 1 \i ! / 

and the full range of personal responsi- 
bilities that this will involve. 

Vtortang with a partner in the regional 
office, the successful candidate will 
quiddy assume responsibility fora range 
of important commercial matters involving 
a broad international client base and will 
assist in the development and manage- 
ment of the practice generally 
If you have an interest in this position, 
please send a detailed cm in strict 
confidence to lain Laird at 
Management Appointments Limited 
[Search and Selection Consultants], 
Finland House, 56 Haymaricet 
London SWIY4RNL (No 

T information wifl be passed to 

any party withoutyour prior 
„ approval). 


£12,000 -£15,000 

Applications are incited fnrapprrintmenbm iheabwei if fires. 
OimmtTidiifi salaries, depending nn age. experience and J<jcaiion .wflL 
be in the above bracket although more would be offered to exceptionally 
qualified candidates. The salary range rises to £19,006 per annum plus 
£1.427 per annum in London with annual increments of £760. There are 
promotion prospects tohigher grades with salaries rising tn £23,728 
and £26,427 * excluding London Weighting). 

Applicants should have experience in dvil and criminal Legal Aid 
and preferably general administration and committee work. 

Conditions nf service include 25 l urking days leaveand a 

contributory pension scheme with depends nts provision. ' 

Applicants who would like additional information are invited to 
telephone the Personnel Manager on 01-353 7411. 

Write in confidence by Wednesday 26th February 
1986 stating office preferred and giving full details of 
education, experience, employment, present salary and " 
date available to: Personnel Manager. Legal .Aid, ■ 

Legal Aid Head Office, The Law Society, Newspaper 
House, 8-J6Greal New Street London EC4 3BM 

Management A X ppomtments 





h . 

'ATT> "It* 

* ■ - • 

• We are' looking for lawyers to work in a 
group engaged in general corporate and 
financial work, inv e st m ent funds, 
employee share schemes and debenture 
trust deeds. 

If you have recently qualified or are an 
experienced lawyer in one or more of these 
fields " and" 'have ■ a - good academic 
r .backgjroundsJjien we would fiketohear 
from you. ‘ ’ 

Competitive salary and bmiefits which w31 
take into account experience. 

Please write with a comprehensive CV, 
quoting reference 12, to: 

Mrs. Afizoun Dickinson, 
Linklaters & Paines, 
BamngtonHouse, 1 . .. 
59-67 Gresham Street, . 

" London EC2VWA - 



c £25,000 + car 

Amajor British Scheme and company car 

company, with a turnover of arrangements. 

£150 minion and mamrfac. Aged in your 301s, you 

turingvarious well-knawn wiUbeaqualffiedsolkitoror 
5 ofbmlding products, barrister Preferably, you will 
a Company Secretary be a graduate. You will have 

with a legal background. 

Yon will be based in 
London and report to the 
ChiefBxecutive. In addition 
to your secretarial duties, 
you will have a personnel 
role involving the develqp- 

policy guidelines and rules 
on such matters as 
Mities wffl include control 
ofthe Group Pension 

relevant experience in all 
secretarial functions and be 
lookingfbrward to taking up 
a more demanding position 
with sole responsibility for 
the legal affairs of acompany 
which has exciting gnmwfh 

Please write to Keith 
McNeish (quoting reference 
538) showing how you meet 
the above criteria and 
enclosing a copy of your 
curriculum vitae. 


We are a major and long established commercial practice in the 
Gty of Birmingham which offers a comprehensive range of 
legal services to clients on a national basis. .We seek to recruit 
commercially minded and ambitious lawyers for our energetic 
and expanding Company Department in the following areas: - 

TAXATION The successful candidate will have at least three 
years post-qualification experience In all aspects 
of corporate taxation and the ability to 
undertake substantial responsibility in advising 
clients on corporate tax planning. 

COMPANY This appointment requires a lawyer of not less 
than two years post- qualification experience ro 
assist with general company work for public 
and private companies, including management 
buy-outs, USM flotations, acquisitions and 

An attractive salary andexedkut career prospects wifl-be offered 
for lawyers of a high caKbre. 

Candidates for the above positions should write, 
enclosing a foil C.V., to: 

Milton Psyllides, Evershed & Tomkinson, 

10 Newludl Street, Birmin gham B3 3LX- 
Telephone: 021-233 2001. 



)p|M» - i '-mi 


v. imx-. 
*.-• j:- 


Cockman. Copeman & Partners International Limited 
26/28 Bedford Row. London WC1R4HF 


4V -V 

We are looking for intelligent self-motivated 
and hard-working lawyers to join a busy team 
in our fast expanding Company department 
Applicants should be between 25 and 28, 
have a good academic background, with 2 to 
S years' experienceas a solicitor; preferably 
with a City firm. 

the variety of work is stimulating and 
demanding, involving client contact at Board 
level; and the rewards, professionally and 
financially, are very attractive. 

Career prospects are excellent. 

If you would like to find out more, please 
write sending a complete CV to Michael 
Charteris- Black, 14 Dominion Street 
London EC2M 2RJ. 

A vacancy has arisen fora raabnc (age no 
barrier), experienced A.C.LS. to woik as part of a 
‘ teaminthisbusydepartnKutofalaasefniilti- 

Varied duties will include Ihe monitoring ofa 
any genera! company secretarial work for Ihc 
oi^srnsatkxi s many subsfcries. 

Company benefit offer a competitive salary, 
holiday pro rala to fength of service (two days per 
monlh worked) and free lunches. 

Please write jving full details of experience, 
salary sought and avaiiatnlity. to David Miller. 
Managing Director, quoting reference MA 640. 


Severn IrentUhter 
Legal Team fix Central Area 

Area Solicitor 

£13,734^15273 p* 

Assistant Area Sofidtor 

£12375^13,734 pa. 

Based A Regional Headquarters, an the 
Souft-EastemouSartsof Bir min gham, the 
succesdul a ppfcartswflbuMa new team togivB 
general legal advice to t he four Cen tral Divisions 
sewig West Midlands, Wswctehirs, Staffordshire 
and Leicestastwe. The duties wli hdude general 
aid conveyancing matters, advising on Severn 
Trents activities and conducting prosecutions and - 
County Court litigation. 

We want general sis with kvefymiids. prepared lo 
turn their talents to a wide variety of legal and 
management problems. The Area Sofiatorstadd 
have at least three years post quattcatton 
experience. The Assistant Area Solicitor shotfd have 
good general experience ri atides but the post could 
suit a person recently quaffed. 

Application forms and further detatis are amiable 
from the Head of Manpower Sendees, Severn 
Twit Water, Abetson House, 2297 Coventry Road, 
Stwidon, Bfatnmghem B26 3PU. 

Telephone 021-743 4222 ext 207612077. 

Severn Trent is an 
Equal Opportunity Employee 




4 POSTS £12.168 £13,308 

We have a unique opportunity to appoint 4 
additional Prosecuting Solicitors,' to prepare 
and conduct prosecutions on behalf of the 
Norfolk Constabulary and advise the Police. 
Three posts will be based at Norwich and 
one post at King's Lynn. These Prosecuting 
Solicitors can expect to transfer to the new 
Crown Prosecution Service on 1st October, 
1986, when the maximum salary for their 
posts will rise to £15.000. 

Applications are invited- from. suitabiy_quafir 
tied and enthusiasiic.Solicitors end Bar risters 
with interest in criminal law and an aptitude 
for advocacy. Some experience of advocacy 
would be an advantage. 

For application forms and further particulars 
please write to the Chief Executive and Clerk, 
County Hall, Marti neau Lane, Norwich, NR1 
2DH; or telephone Norwich <0603) 611122 
Exr 5337. The closing date for receipt of 
completed applications will be 21st Febru- 
ary, 1986. 



Solicitor with at least 2 years* experience 
in Commercial and Private freehold and 
leasehold property matters to work in a 
responsible position in our Conveyancing 

The successful applicant will be 
personable, professionally ambitious and 
recognise the need to provide the efficient 
service clients expect. 

Applications should be submitted in 
writing (quoting reference JR1) with foil 
curriculum vitae to: 

Colin P. Ellis 
Partnership Secretary 
Reynolds Porter Chamberlain 
Chichester House 



l Holborn 


^ 1 

[J I 


i nT * 

i.tru 1 



; 1 r 

^ 1 ■ 


MvT^" * * \ 1 J 

TpWp^^rrr? ^ \ \ B 


r : ' * ■ ! * 

I fawr Dmar el i Nwflfakaidnig 




We m a busy ud dynamic firm with a conaswu 
record of exjjanswu, committed to further growth 
in all areas of commerrial practice. 

We eunremiy need at least 4 Anther assistants to 
handle commercial property work. The prinerpa] 
dement of the department is development in all its 
aspects, with an emphasis on funded schemes, bm 
we provide a comprehensive property service. 
We wish to interne* candidates over a wide 

SRAM ntCMCH in a hwnniv 
1 nmh latniii Good lotnl. m- 
spwlfil. IMHWs finWiM a 
“HWv an aon A ho hiudv 4 
Hmivf-wrlv Crnlrm, bnntfr 
Tirimr Groups f>AC Ell F» 
niilK- Aorm-f OllrWi UW. 
ArillHM -104051- 605562- — 




■amt, auMucu. death* 

Mm . IM VAT. 

t ml nMi urn 3 linni 
Amwuncmwms. aumrau- 
twd Dy the name ana 

permanent address of the 

may br vcnl ra. 

VlrdHa Hrart 


ar telephoned iby telephone 
•umrribere only ■ to st 411 

Amminmnnib can dp re- 
raised by trlephonr between 
9 00am and SJOpn. Mon- 
day to Friday on Balurday 
briwpm 9 00am and 
iTnoon. «4>1 4M0Myl. For 
PMUtaHan the foOmring 

day. phone Dy I 30pm 

hhhums, pit on Court ana 
Social Page. M a fan + J3% 

Court and Social Page an 
DounfptiwnN ran not bp 
arretted Dy Irtepfione En 
qulrkra la Ol 4a 1 4100 
MM other classified adver 
IhHlWIB ran Dr accepted by 
telephone Tim dpadUnp to 
6 00pm 2 da vc prior To punu 
ration up 5 00pm Monday 
for wednrvdayi- Should you 
whi» to WM an ad\rrttv 

meat in wnnnp please 
include your daytime phone 

PAHTMOfT. 11 you haw* any 
Queries or proMem, rpiatinq 
to vour Mi entoemml onto II 
Mac appeared please roman 
ray Customr Smlrn Dr 
par I men 1 by telephone an 01- 


,.| llu "-tnlll hi' 

4.uiiaiii ■ nil 1 hiIm ir-* i iiid|i|i>iii 

*■1 ■••fin \ 


CAM) an 6th February, to Su 
nnnr and Michael a 
daughter. Katherine Julia, a 
lister for Matthew 

COUHAH - On fe.MU.ny 3rd 
198c> 10 Clime > ner Rayrnan' 
and Tlraouij. a son MrlrH 
Hpnrr Wlngrove a brother for 

CONSTANTINE ■ on 10th Feb- 
ruary. to Deborah and 
Christopher. a daughler 
Freya Louise 

DAVIES - On 3rd February to 
\enetla inee Milan) and 
Richard a daughter Alice, a 
staler (or India 

D£ SOIIZA On February 6th to 
Anne mee Lundgren) and 
Gregory, a daughter Louisa 
Rachael. staler for Ranald 

DINK EL On February 7iti at 
Queen Mary's Hospital. 
Roehampton. to Lurta inee 
Stei enst and Philip a daugh- 
ter. Charlotte Mary. 

FAIRFAX On February 8th to 
victoria and Hugh, a son 1 Al- 
exander Thomas Dtgbyi. 

CANKER On SCh February to 
Katherine mee Pucklei and 
Jimmy a daughter. Louisa 

GOV AN On February 9th at 
Hillingdon Hospital lo 
Larissa and Jonathan a 
daughter. Vanessa Marta, a 
Staler for Fiona and William 

HAHN On February 8th at SI 
Thomas', to Rachel and 
Paul, a daugther. Lucy 

HAfttttCTON On February 
9lh at the Portland Hospital. 
London. 10 Kay inee Hum 
phreysi and Guy. a son. 

HARRISON On February 2nd 
lo Susan mee Boullon) and 
Roger, a son. Alexander 

HICKMAN - On February 1st. 
lo Catherine and John, a 
daughter. idare Miranda 
Catherinei. a sister for Alex 
ander. Caroline. George. 
Julia and Frances 

LEWORTHY On 6lh February 
lo Judy and Richard, a son. 
Sam John, a brolher for 

on mil February 
198b at Luton A DunuaMe. 10 
Andy and Jan inw Sears! a 
daughter Kathryn EUvabelh 
McGHIE AI the villa Europa 
Clinic. Rome, on 23rd Janu- 
ary. to John and AntoneUa 
inee Font, a daughter Emma 
Jessie Marla, a staler for 
Charlie. aU well 
SMWONDS On 8th February 
at Buchanan Hospllal to 
Amanda and Derrick, a 
daughler. thanks lo all In 

WALSBY - On February 4th ai 
Henley To Myra and 
Christopher, a son Douglas 
Lloyd, brother to Ross. 


ADflE on 7!h February 1986 
suddenly at Ids home. 3 
Loreto urn Park. Dumfries 
Andrew 4 dip dearly loved 
husband of the late Dorothy 
Hunirr dear father of Susan 
and dear grandfather of Wil- 
liam Funeral serilce on 
Friday. 14th February lit 
New- Abbey Churrh al 10 am 
to which all friends are ins II 
ed Tltereafler. pm ale 
interment Flowers 10 John 
Pagan A Son F uneral Direc- 
tors. 37 Lot pry Walk. 

ASKWtTH On February 7th 
198b. Howard. George of Re 
genrv Collage Smarden 
Beloved husband of Pearl 
Funeral Service at St Ml 
Char) The Arch Angel. 
Smarden. Ashford. Kent on 
Friday. February ]4ih al 
1 1 30 am Followed by ere 
man on No flowers please, 
but K desired, clonal loirs may 
be srnl lo The Hislnrir 
Churches Preservation 
Trust. Fulham Palace. Lon- 
don. SW6 

' - On Februan « 1 98» 
peacefully Edwin iT~dl Cyril 
Grddrv Uie Inner al takes place 
al XI Nicolas Chur re CranletgM 
Surrey on T uosn.iv February 
IN al 11 3d am I cH towed B1 in 
t ci ii n- i il All enquicirv please 
trtrpnone 01 43b 3785 

CARTER an 7Ui February 
1986 Dr John Arthur Carter, 
loved husband of 'era 'Pali 
and brother of Nancy 
Beameni Service Putney 
Vale Crematorium. Thurs 
day. i3ui February. 10 45 
am No flowers but donations 
to I he Manorial Trust 

ruary. at Bern Hie Had. 
North wood Chris Frances 
tOm t In her 90th year First 
wife of Ihe late Sir Donald 
Wolfit, dearly loved mother 
of Margaret, mother in law 
of Stanley Amis, atanthnoth- 
«■ of Lucy and sut grand 
mother of Mark and Philip 
Cremation al Brakespear 
Road. RtiKJlp. an Friday 
14th February al 3pm Flow 
ers to E Spark Limned. 104 
Pinner Road. Nnrthwood. or 
donations 11 desired lo ihe 
Actors cnamanie Trust. 19 
Elision Centre. NWI 3JK 

1 surgeon Lt Omdr RNR retd. 
VRDion 3rd February 1986 
at home after 25 yean Illness 
courageously borne Funeral 
OUChesier Cremalorlum. 
2pm Friday iaih February 
Afterwards al Chichester 
Lodge Hoi el R5VP Mt» K 
Chambre.' 2 Roman way 
rKhhoume. Chichesler 
P019 3QN. No flowers 
please, bul donations lo Par- 
kinsons Disease Society. 36 
Portland Place. London WJN 

CHAPMAN - On February 7lh. 
peacefully in St Mary 
Abbots. Kensington alter 
years of suffering. Vera 
LyndalL 1 1 903-861 ballerina. 
Widow of Li Col. £- Haldane 
Chapman. Indian Army. Be- 
loved mother of Prunella and 
Nicholas, grandmother of 
Richard- Alison. Emma, 
James and UiOi 
grand mother of Zoe and 

ELDER Hugh On Feb 7th 
peacefully at home, aged 80. 
husband of Mary tnee 
Spam i- father of Hugh 'and 
SeWe Pcleri grandfather of 
Alice and Hannah, formerly 
headmaSl**' of Doan Close 
£hOOi and Mercnanl 
Taylors' School. Private fu- 
petal Memorial service al a 
Mary's Church. Huish 
rnferopL LanoporL Somerset 
ooMomuy 17th February 
1986 at 2 30 pm. 



COOOCMU • On 8th 
February 1986. peacefully in 
hospital. Waller Pereira! 
Coodchlld F.l A.; aged 75 
years of Summerdown Road. 
Eastbourne. Much loved 
husband of Joan and dear 
lather of John. Hugh, and 
Mary Funeral service af All 
Saints Church, Orange Road. 
Eastbourne on Monday I7ih 
February at 1.45pm 
followed by Cremation at 
Eastbourne Cremalorlum 
Ena uirtes to serenity 
Funeral Director's. 

Eastbourne. Tel. Eastbourne 

GREGORY Cn February 9th 
1986. Pltlbp Merries, aged 
78. beloved husband of 
Margaret, father or Andrew 
and Rachel Cremation prl 
vale: Memorial Service. 
Friday Feb I4lh. St Nicholas 
Church. Harpenden. 2 pm. 
Family flowers only. 

GRMSMCK - On February 
7th John Derek peacefully In 
hospital. Betoved husband af 
Jo and father of Joanna. 
Dlney and Mike, also sadly 
missed by all his grande hi I 
dren. Cremation al 12 rtOOrt 
on Thursday. February 1 3th 
al SI Marletoonc Crematori- 
um. N2 Family flowery 
only If wished, donations' la 
Cancer Research. 

HAYDON Peacefully in Valen 
na on 6U1 February. Waller 
Paul Thom, beloved son ol 
Robin and EUaabeth. and be- 
loved brother of Ad tie 

HEATH Charm Brrnngton 
prarefullv on February 9th 
West Sullolk Hmmlat Brknrtl 
husband of lour ana dear tauter 
of Charlotte and Rosalind Set 
v ire Monks Deign erase fazmlv 
only, no flowers please. 

prarrfuHv al 
Nuiewrllv HOMKial. Dundee, an 

Sunday rmriuiy 9 I<Wo 
ho Iset I C Wilson of 3 Baker 
Lane si Andrews. rile helnv.oi 
wile <u Hie Reverend Rotierl A 
Huwievmi. dear moUri at 
Sheen j. Rabin. Lestev. and 
Neil, and a rnurh wml 

Derek. LI Col R.A iRtd) oh 
8th February 1986. brave, 
respected and loved. Ortho 
dox funeral mo memorial 
set vice i on Friday 14Ui Feb 
ruary at 2 30 pm St Mary's 
Church. Bures. Suffolk Fam- 
ily flowers only. Donations 
to St HNena Hospice. Col 
rh«ler. if desired would be 
much apprec ia ted. . 

February 9th suddenly and 
peacefully at hts home. 
Richard aged 76 years 
Beloved husband, father and 
grandfather Funeral service 
al St. Johns Church. 
Kiroford on Friday February 
14lh at 2.30pm. Cut flowers 
only please lo Bryders. 
Tllllnglon. Nr Petworth. 

JEFFERSON On February 8th 
1986. peacefully at Cumber- 
land Infirmary. Lydia 
Martindaie. BA. LRAM of 
Morland. Cumbria, heodmts- 
Itpss Hull High School for 
Girls. 1943-1956. 

JENKINS - On February 5th 
peacefully at Great Fish Hall. 
Tonbridge Malor General 
Fredertrk Arthur Jenkins. 
DSO. OB.E. MC Beloved 
father ol Edward and David, 
grandfather or Susan. 
Christopher. Richard. 

Anthony and Robert great- 
grandfather of Rhiannon. 
Cremation private. Memorial 
service at Tonbridge Parish 
Church ai 1 1.00am. on Fn 
day March I4ih. No flowers 
please, bul donations, if 
desired, to US P B. Sandy. 

JOSEPH • On February 9. 
peacefully in Berkeley Lodge 
Nursing Home. Worthing, m 
her 100th year. Josephine. 
(Jot aunL great aunt and 
great great aunt Cremation 
al worthing Crematorium on 
Friday.. February 14. al 
11 45 am Enquiries to H D. 
Tribe Lid. 130 Broadwater 
Rd Worthing 34816 

KKWE - On February ah 19W> 
Hrtnr Edgar Klewe Brertor ol 
Ihe A N 1 Art Needlework 
Inauilrtev ud Noted lextile 
Mvlcrtan. toumaUsl and author 
□led suddenly ai Ms home m 
OKiord at age 79 He was Hie 
son nl Uie late Mr A Mrs S 
Klewe and with his lamlly had 
left Germany for England in 
1933 Deeply mourned by hts 
niece Llks Markrkh <M 
ArHnatmi Virginia and his sis 
ureal meres and nepnews In 
Virginia Hawaii and 
CaMornra. as writ an Ms many 
devoted friends In OKiord and 
ihrouunoui me world Funeral 
service on Wednesday 
February 12UI al Oslord 
Crenuiortum al 3 30pm 

KRAJEWSKI on 7th February 
1 986. peacefully in Hanrflrtd 
Hospllal. Jerzy Tadcuu of 
Nor Ih wood, a sadly missed 
husband, father and qrandfa 
User A former member of 
The Baltic Exchange Tuner 
al sen ire will lake place ai St 
Teresa's Churrh. Halch End 
on Friday 141h February al 
11.00 am louow-rd by inter 
menl in North wood 

Cemciry R I P Enquiries lo 
E Spark Lid. North wood 

LARGE On 27lh January 
1986 al Ihe John Radcltfle 
Hospital. Oxlord. Rosetta 
Mary aged 98 For over 70 
years nanny and friend lo 
the children, grandchildren 
and greal grandchildren of 
Sir Huofip and Lady 

Knapchbull Hugessen. 

MADfWARMG 7ttl February 
1986 al Gian Clwyd Hospt 
tal Sarah Robson much 
loved wife of Uoyd 

Mam waring Funeral at Holy 
Trimly Church. Trefnanl 
2 00pm Tuesday llih 


McCULLOCH - On February 
6th. 1986. peacefully In hos- 
pltal. alter a long Illness 
courageously borne. Ftor 
enre Louise iBabsi dearly 
loved mother of Sylvia, 

rnurh loved sister of Sonia 
and tovlnq grandmother, 
greal grand mother and aunt 
of Mlrhael Allen. Servlre al 
All Saints Church ihe Drive 
Hove on Thursday. Febru 
ary 13th al 2.16pm fallowed 
by cremation Family Row- 
ers only, but donations, if 
desired, lo Distressed Genile 
folks Aid Association, 
virandge Gale House. Lon- 
don WB. 

McKEHROW On February 7th 
peacefully George McKerrew 
of Glencaird. Bargrennan. 
Galloway. Iasi surviving 
member of the family, of the 
late Dr and Mrs George 
Mchrrrow of Ayr aged 93 
Privalo funeral al Ayr 

NICHOLS on bih February 
1986. Dandy Nichols after a 
long illness No flowers or service requested 
Donations If wished lo The 
Entertainment Artistes Be 
nevolenl Fund. Brinsworth 
House. 72 Staines Road. 
Twirkennam. Middlesex 

PINKNEY Cordon Henley on 
January 251 h 1986. In Ihe 
afternoon al his home. Rock 
House. Brampton Regis. 
Somerset after a brief Illness 
aged 75 yean Husband of 
Jane, father of Jane. Julia 
and Jonathan, grandfather 
of Laura and Robert Willey, 
and of KoOet. Zenobta. 
Helena. Madeleine and 
Gabriel CarnwaUi Deeply 
loved, greatly missed 

nuTHXneooRO Edward on Tin 
reo 1980 peacefully In hcnpual 
CnovaPM On Thus 13Ui Frb 
2 oopm ai Stratton si Margaret 
Flowrn in HlUlor Funrral 
Service. SE Virloru Road. 
Swmaan. wnts. or donauom lo 
Canter Rhhmi - Aitaqf 
nnw lor memorial service W 
Or announerd later. 

SAYERS • On Sunday Fob 
2nd. Miss Katherine babel 
Savers MA. al Gwynant 
Nursing Home, after a long 
illness, bravely bor ne. F or 
many years headmbfress of 
Lowther College and Demy 
shire Golfer Cremation has 
now taken place and there 
will be no memorial service 
al her own rrauesi. Dona 
Hoik In her memory may be 
sen! to Church of England 
Childrens Society. c,o 22 
Oak lea Villas. SMCkSficld. 
Northumberland N43 7QD. 

smOJT - E11«I on Febr u aty 
7Hi 1996 In hospllal. Betoved 
wife or ino late Sberian ‘Coll' 
and much loved and admired 
mother and best friend of 
Anna, stepmother of June. A 
wonderful mother-in-law lo 
Raymond and grandmother 
to Daniel and Patrick. An 
eternal source of imptraiton 
and a great fighter Funeral 
al Cowers Green Cramsnct- 
urn. Bedford Chappe). on 
Tuesday- 11 February, at 
340 pm. 

WADE On February 2nd 1986. 
Mlrhael Rubens, husband of 
Laurieti. father of Nicholas 
and alison. grandfather of 
Jessica and Alexander. Fu- 
neral service al Hollay 
Trimly Church North wood, 
an Wednesday. I2ih of Feb- 
ruary. at 3.15 pm. 

WILLIAMS - On I etH uary 8th. 
suddenly at his home In 
Sefsey. Conn Davenport, 
dearly loved husband of Bar- 
bara Service al OUchetier 
Cremaioriura Friday Febru- 
ary l4Ui al 2.30 pm. No 
ffowm please. 

WINTER - Peacefully hi Heath 
Road Hospital. Ipswich on 
February Sih 1986. Mary 
Winifred, aged 85 yean of 
14 Henley Road. Ipswich 
Funeral service at St Mary- 
h- Tower Church on Thurs- 
day I3th February al 10-15 
followed by biiermeni in the 

Ipswich Lawn Cemetry. 
Flowers may be sent K> Ihe 
Co-op Chapel of Repose. 
Caudw HI HaU Rd. Ipswich. 

WITTER on February 7ih. 
Peacefully in Hospnal. Colin 
Preston aged 7b years. Dear 
Husband of Eileen and Fa- 
ther of Brendan. Robin and 
Rodney. Funeral al SI 
Mary's Handbrtdge. Chester 
1 30pm Friday I4ih Febru- 
ary. followed by private 
cremation Family flowen 
only please Donations K de- 
sired IO RNU or N3.P.CC. 

WYLIE - Jean Adams on Feb- 
ruary 9Ui In her 94 in year in 
Si Mary Abbots Hospllal. 
London W8. 


■ATHO A me m orial service for 
Donor EDIlh Bamo will be heM 
in Ihe Chanel ol Ihe Royal 
Holloway and Bedford new Col- 
lege. otfiam hiii. Egftam. 
Surrey, al 2 30nm on Saturday 
22nd February 

BAUTISTA - A Requiem Mass 
for Sra Mana Teresa 
PaLacio de BautlsU of Bogo- 
ta. Colombia. wiu be 
celebrated al ihe Church of 
Our Lady of the Assumption 
and SI Gregory. Warwick 
Street. London W1 at 1 1 46 
am on Friday 14th February 

CECO. In addition lo Ihe 
Memorial Sendee for Lord 
David Cecil. CH. in London 
on 25 February there will be 
a Memorial in Oxford on 1 
May at 2 30pm In The 
Cathedral. Christ Church. 

WIELD A memorial service for 
Ihe late Michael wield will be 
held ai St. Mary Abbots 
Church. Kensington WB an 
Friday March 7lh at noon. 
No flowers please: Donations 
If desired to the British Heart 
Foundation. 102 Gloucester 
Place. London wih 4DH. 


WAMA "In proud and grateful 
memory of my dearly be- 
loved husband Sir Cusrow 
Wad la on Ids birthday Febru- 
ary lllh. Bom 1869. died 
3rd on." 


Mlw ManaaM 
Mr Shark. Ms Mwa7 

Wanted for 1« Birthday par 
tv of London IWh restaurant, 
pro pie with ftsli or IMi retoi- 
rd names. Ftru too rrobn 
who can supply proof le. 
photocopy ol dmm Hcenre 
or paKPOri will receive an in 
vital ion TeMphone Emma 
•t 0121 


gda your sweetheart wtm a 
baHoon In a bw or bunch of 
baSoajo By pool hand oetfv- 
•nd or hull HarrodB Pgrty 
Shop (2nd floor). Baboons Over 
London Ltd 01-422 7864. 

DONS S.A.C. 14 Beauchamp 
PLSW3 Ol 267 6066. Men » 
S3 m armsod. 

SAUMK CVT pratewMiuby 
written and nrodncM 
ewnetbun vine donanenu. 
■Malta Ol-OBO 2969. 

mmmmn, l me W Manw. 
Al hh. anas UMrttae. Dept 
ITST) 28 AMngdon Road. Lou- 
don WB T«. 01-938 toil. 



purchased- -ALMOST NEW 
203 Uxbridge Oft WJ3, 01-579 


wanted 61-430 7121.' 




Massive storks of wool 
■bended. Berbers from £3 96 
e vat. Plus many bargains In 
room sbes. hi all qualinea. 

548 Fulham Road 
Parsons Green SW6 
Tel: 01-736 7551 

Free estimate ■ Expert niling. 

FINEST quuo wool rarprtt Al 

available lOCTs extra. Large 
room size remnants under half 
normal pnro Chancery Carpets 
01 *08 0*6 8. 

WIMBI EIIUN - Tickets and exec- 
utive in lerta! nmen l son 

avaUame roe parues of six or 
mare From £lBO per head. 
Further Information, ring 01- 
7 61 334 0 (office hours) 

CAHTE2N of gou Mated cutlery 
186 puces bi Leather Inlaid ta 

ble. as new Cost £2.200 with 
life ttme guarenlee £890.0226 


We have llcketa for these and all 
theatre and sports. Tel. 631 
8719. 687 1715. AH malor 
credit canto. 

THE TOMES Original hours 1845- 
1986 Other Lilies avail Hand 
bound ready for presentation . 
3tao --Sundays" £12 90 met 
Remember When 01 688 6823 

ble setts Hr Nation wide 

deliveries. T*L (08801 860039 
( Wilis i. 

SCAT) MOCHA Any event Inc 
Cats. Cm rat Con. surligM Exp 
Ol 828 1678 Malar email 


TICKETS for any event. Cats. 
StarUotn rmrrun 42nd SI All 
theatre and sports 82 1 6616 
visa A A. Ex 

bimMy. rttor heart and «lk 
roses £18.75 + pAp To order. 
Goodies 0727 65704 




BMcnnrs op nettixsed. i7ih 
and I8U1 Cenlury reMtra furrb- 
lure including Ihe Moughlon 
Manor CoUert loo. made In our 
own Wrfl Country workshop. 
NHUebed. near Henley 104911 
641116. Bournemouth <0202} 
293580. Topsnam. Devon 
10392871 7443. Berkeley. 

GtOS.i04&31 810962 

Of England's lines! ITlh and 
2 8th Cenlury replica furniture 
SolM mahogany. English Oak. 
Walnut and marketry. 
NHUebed. Oxon. 104911 

THE TIMES (X814-1S8S) Ove 
someone an original tasue dated 
the very day they were born. 
£1250 or 2 for £22.00 plus 
free 18603 newspaper A greH- 
Ings card Tel. 486 6306 




London's leading special HI in 
new and restored pianos for Ihe 
■aroesi genuine selection avail- 
PMC 30a HMhgate Rd. NWS. 
01-267 7671. Free catalogue 
and recondlnaned Quality ai 
reasonable prices. 835 aright on 
Rd . S Croydon. 016883513 
SALE. Piano World, secondhand, 
new. rvcondtlloned. Unbeatable 
prices 01 485 1555 



ASTHMA Campaign 

cure and relieve distress. We need 

rrti pnojcei 

urgently in 

disease. There are over 2 million sufferers, many or them 
children. Nearly 1000 people die every year. Wc depend 
entirely on voluntary giving. 

Please send a generous gift to: 


Freepost, London Nl 2BR 
(no stamp needed). 

iJh' light against this disabling and life threatening 

The SJoane Qub-'V&ur London Address 

* n* I) 



Mepobcnlpr n nsitabk io bodi ladia and pottlBaaL 

* dfcfl qipamlcd btifraxm. many wuh 
batluivmu cpvBtf. AU rooms hawontmr 
nkvuaoa. radm ud dnocl ilul idepboar 

■ Ezccflcm meals m o ut pu xEpddnnngroiMP. 

■ OKbeaRoomnai bbkr tor meetings Audi 

pnvixe i 

» Affibuod with ova 60 prime memben' 
dobs worldwide. 

• One wmg tc i e r aed eskntwi* far bdm. 

■ Wt «ir laptw to ibgm pnopeam mentben 


TbC Sbunr Ch*. 

52 Lower Sknac Stmt, SW] 
Tcfcpbooe: 91-734*111 Trin264«1B 


GERMANY StMnmrr lob. 4Ho 
Frame and SMumiM. Send 
Larne SAC. to VWI, 9 hark 
End SrrfL Oxlord 

GERMANY Summer Mbs- Alio 
Frame and Switzerland Rend 
Large SAC. In VWI. 9 Park 
End Street. Oxlord 



February 8th. in Sydney. 
Australia. Graham Edgiey. 
son of Mr. and Mrs. Peter 
coldlcon. to Kim Maree, 

daughter a# Mr and Mn. Bri- 
an Purcell, of Canngbah. 

J HAMMOND The tarlhcomiiig 
marriage n announerd between 
Ikk-nolm. youfigrr von of Mn I 
Brum null ana Ihe late Mr □ M 
Brummin and SaUy. daughter 
of Mr DH Hammond and Mn c 

E Cllloll 


(So not out Con 
gtatulalioiK and very bml 
wtohei from all your friends In 
the Lnnrfl Kmgdom 

EVELYN Is 20 lodAy Re- 
member Ptwh sticks, 
rpmember I love you Adam. 



Wnkttng Morning auRt 
Evening Udl Mllh Black 
larkHs A alrtped Iraimn. 


■tom SI -240 2310. 


CHEYNE WALK I bed am. Igr M 
rm. batnrm. fit hitch wuh wilig 
nud> ere Wwr TV. Phone. 
Secure Mock with porterage 
Avail t 8 months ciao pw * 
bdto TH: 01624 3413 iut). 

fleyrued Battersea 
IO 8 75 Died Hampstead 
2 2 86 The best dog In Ihe 

■OtHIAWS Montpelier Modern 
_ Ar t Courses See Education 

BOMIAMI MompHler Modern 

Art Courses See EdurnUon 


i Wl. Modem luxurv 
(loto. fuRv I urn. 2 rnto. kll A 
bathira Parteragrd A vers bed 
Suit business Eiiee or couple on 
vacation Short Ms (ram 2 
weeks Id 3 months, from £365 
pw Apply Sue Davey 01-731 
4707 day. 09905 8932 eves. 
kenMUKoti Col tv Mnrswbd. 
Uk . Coumgham Apts. 01373 

W14 Sunny one bedroom flat. 

gun rouple Avail For 7 months 

MOOncm Day 0i629 8d84ex 
214. oiler 606 01662 7060 
wan 2 bed. 3 c apt next 10 
Park MaM btri. 373 6300 (Tl. 


SOMEONE 2a r 10 sharr comfort 
able house in SWI9 wtm 
owner, close ta lube and 
EaricfMd main Kite Hallon 

£178 P CM 01-946 4876. 

BATTERSEA Prof ra. r. n-i u 
anare aurac tar. rts amennm 
£180 Drill met T« 01-223 
S616 after 6p.m. 

FLATMATES Setocllve Shari np 
Well escab tniroduciory service 
K*e ih for a ppL 01 889 8491, 
313 Brampton Road. SW3 

GREAT PLAY W14 Twin rooms, 
todt 1.2. C.H Phone. TV. 
£290-126 121 pan 01602- 

8264 alter 6 

23. n s. seeks own room in 
shared nse or rial PreTd zone 
I o r 2. TH eves 481 3347 

F— ! A PL A TnaMItarinp agency 
Accom. moot areas. 36 Kings 
RH .J5W3 01 G84 8012 

Nl- Fotrth person. Non-Smoker, 
for laroe room In bouw. £195 
pnnTrt 2S4 3386 Eves. 

NEVER N MV Lor rm mod flal 
Uee Of I t b. gdn Rjt woman 
SO* Cl SO ban ■ 570 8610 

« *S Prof m ate Ip share hntBe 
E196 bon * hfK' 
882 0287 after 7.80pm 

Blus ' riwm. 
after 6 pm. ™ t 

SW17 Prof N, s 2SL. Lor own 

^-^sff d 6r* ,Te,! 



UO IteAaad Parti An, Wtl 


Ex trem el y esrgant dot nr fix in Dm ih ps Umuu s block. Fw- 
ntohed and mudei 1 deed lo a hlrti standard. Meal for Company 
Executive. 2 dMe bedmvs. rwmtlan. large f 1 kit. luxury 
bMhrm. guest rtkrm. Aft. ponemse Avan lyre. Co let 


Ununully spaaous house in changing mewg. Lovely period 
fumtotitngs in large open plan reception Study, fined ML 2 
Atebedmns, 1 Nnglr bcdrai. gge. Avail Oo let lyre £300ow. 

01 229 9966 

Quraishi Constantine 


Truly magnttirrm. rmrrior draqnrr house, nose Kt tal Johns 
wood, drawing room, dining room, writ egulpprit Mlrttrn. 2 
able bedims, >1 with tovrihrm eisswle). I angle. Ball) A rloaks. 
tarcludnt garden Cp let U75pw 


sumptuous 2nd floor apt m l hr heart of BELGRAVIA Drawing 
rm. abnum rm. 3 dble hrdrms. large khrhen. 2'~ baUirms 1 1 Hi 
nmei Lin. 24hr nndn-w Ideal lor rnlrrlamlng Co KH. 


Contact Rosemary Macarthur. 

01-244 7353 

Srartous Immaculate flat. 
Two rerep.. 3 bed. 2Vj bath, 
good Ml. Avail now. 3/12 
milts. Co. M. £580 pw neg. 


Good RM with large rooms 
Meat for family 2 receo. 3 
bed. 2 bam. large kll. Avail I 
yr +. Co let. £500 pw. 


The more 
you help us. 
the more 
wen find out 

BfTOsh Heart Foundation 
line Mart research ewntv 
1 102 Gloucester Mate. 
London wiHaon 

RE NIS I6T0IL Very pretty 

hse 8 beorms. super creep. 

pallo odn. kll. wash tnarh. 

balh W C . uni urn C+C. new 
Dec £275 

EALMft. Beaut fum use. exr 
location. 4 bedrms. 2 receps. 
kix fit kit. balh wc. gdn. 
gge 1215 

CUFHUL Fantastic value. 3 
bedrms. k mn. balh W.C. 

EAUNC III. invent 

Usltii.ini ll.ll l>. hr VII .mil m 
li's > .-'Vn in. H4i> .MKl 
FULHAM 1 11s V M li-nr-- hi 

lute- III .HIIIHS lull/ Miih-i li 
Iks. ■■ t l-IO |Ms 7HH.I44HIII 
•ai|»s li .■ lest :■ I Mill :■ Itself 
I Vatins M I 9V5 ‘iC,tS 
swia stiiuii tiHini 111 tana- 

■ ■■■•'f-.l.lllll • SSIS h ii.iv - ■■■■it. 

1 V, [H I is- il. U.1 r 7H7-1 
VICTORIA LHC 1 flues- 1l.1l vs ill. 
ss.isiH-i 1 Hf. inv c nil. ■!' hr* 
• -‘7 .X.|i» I l-icii-hH .d'H s 
WI I us I I Li I fll V illwl 
I IMIl.Hii inv III 4M7 .1-Mrs 
HI .'7.1 fH7J i-i.s. 


--- llBl. il till 11 c .ilsiv Mill f .ill.MH- 

*«l|r. h IimmiIi-i lamOrvSMn.' 

SUPERB FLATS and houses 
available and urgently re 
Qumd. for long or short levs In 
prime Central London areas, 
from £200 pw fjuratahl Con- 
rianMnr. 270 Earn Court Road. 
SW5 TH: 01 244 7368. Telex 

: pretty interior 

designed flat Receo with 

French window* onto park Su- 
per kll A bath, sen wc Res 
housekeeper* nil Long Co ih 
£ 560 pw ooddara * Snuui. 
01-930 7321. 

EARLS COURT Lge bright 2 bed 
furn rial in conversion. rcccpL 
ni kll plus washer, balh. direct 
access 10 comm gdns. Avail 
now £170 pw. F WCAPP Ol. 
221 8838 

uilenor designed. 2 bedrooms, 
double recepuan. Ik baths. 
American kitchen. luxury 
house wild oarage Palace 
Properties Ol 486 8926 

BAHRKAHspariOiB 1 .'2 bed fUL 
L shaped recep overlooking gar- 
den. Balh A sen wc. u/ground 
parking- Lang Co. lei. £960 pw 
Goddard * Smflh 01 930 7321 


Spacious unf urn flat Lge rerep 
with f (replace. 2 beds. Ml. balh. 
secluded pauo. £l70pw. ExrJ 
Cootrs 01628 8751 

1 delightful 1 bed llat In 
block nr lube wiui views of riv- 
er. Porter * Mil 3 monlhse 
£150 pw inc ch hw Goddard 
* Smith Ol 930 7321. 

LOT.GAPP (Manageroral sen 
vkesl Lid reguirr properiln In 
central south and wed London 
areas for waiting amH Iranis 01 

vumw LQNDONT Allen Bales 
* Co have a large selection of 
flats and houses available for 1 
week ♦ from £IOOpw. 499 

> Lux. 2 dble bedim rial. 
2 recent, unlgue arch design 
£170 p.w TH 01675 8063 

houses m ail areas lo teL 
Hunters 837 7365 


properties avail 

short, long lari. 49 1 7546 .rn — | 
■unONnHODCC rnarmtng 2nd 
fir flal. In ImmacuOUy main 
Mined Usled building. I room 
wuh FI replace. dM bedim, k and 
B To tel un -furnished. Min 1 
year £250 p w peg. Fined car- 
pets, curtains and kllchen 
eautpmem included. Co or Emu 
tel only. Please TH 727 6897 
lux flats houses up lo £500 
p.w. Usual fees reo Plumps 
Kay* Lewis, south of liir Park. 
Chelsea office. 352 Sill or 
North of Ihe Park ftegralta 
Park older. 01-722 5136 
»gim PARK. Stunning interi- 
or designed maMmme Maui 
bedim sune + terr 2nd b edim 
A teliirm. 2 rec rms. £225 
unfurn or £275 furn pw Na- 
than Wilson * CO 794 1161. 

GIPSY HU, SE It. sporutn 
wen furn (la) In p b Mock gas 
cn. 5 rains walk sin (Victoria A 
London Bridge) £75 pw. &ufl 
couple TH J. w. Lid. 01949 

vened: dble bedrm. hnw WL 
toalhmn, CH. dtahwasher. wash- 
mg machine. it error 
Everything brand new. £156 
pw. TH- 435 5376 
lUUNITfAb. Luxurious l 
bedim flal m bm part. Decorat- 
ed * ruled throughout to 
MOItmt standard. Dbte gge. 
£180 pw Nathan Wilson* Co. 
T94 1161. 

modern town house. 4 M>0 rms. 

2 recto ms 2 bams mo. If 
kllchen. garage, garden. Avail 
now. uag to Ml £800 pw Sam- 
uel * Gu Ol 736 8000 
HENHWTON IH floor flM with 
MQh cell tags. 2 U e tb o w raa. 20ft 
x i«n receguon, tao windows, 
modern MKbca and bamroom. 
newly decor a ted. £140 p.w.Ol- 
493 2091. Eves 01670 4703. 
HameMCBiara has over USOO 
compuierieed inongs. * 
bea n coet and 25 sun » Ms 
you. For Info CM uie experts 
527 2650 7 days. 

AMERICAN Bank urgently re- 
am ret snurr flats and houses 
cram £206 - £1.000 pw Mng 
Bunina Estate Agatm 06 1 9136 
DOCK LANDS Houses A Flats 
throughout Wte Docklands area 
far Co. Lets. From £l00pw. 
Dork tends Properly Centre 01- 
538 4411 

FULHAM- Superior HmeKmjh 2 
bed flal, dose lube, ftecry- new 
hlL dtawr. washer dryer lot 
cum. gdn. £146 pw. Co. Lei 
TH-Ot 736 1076. 861 5881^ 


SW1 I IjI i lns#« 1 r« \ pi irniai. 

iPtl ;■ Ikllll .■ Iri *TB. id 
k Krikvm t .‘75im 
SW7 | miHii N 1 . A firtl. 
k A II. ■ all pAil 

SWJ iirvt i4«mn' In 
S«MIM*S«| y*hr»1 mill K 

SW7 im« wilh it# 1 «ii 
V lull iRHf ,is|m 1 
nni« willi lilrtlfcMf. K A 
II t ^HDpu 

Wit Mtn«. ItSf H»lh •!*■ 
I.rar ^ Ipnfl. kpr l n iff k A 

II 1 ^a«npu 

SWl \% hi ikn iiwii ?tHYi 7 
lirti K Iv* 

•Min*- 1. VQDint 

01 584 5481 

CADOGAH LANE ^ A ImiU rsmii l«ss||M' 

t%llll l|rllall#r* l.w pn 


Imrfi .• I mil iki lo 

I infill Hlualhl la'TS 



\lh.ii Ills* |Hn| u It'iii* m Un* 
ll«N*fl H||«M'| 1.| On |l*% 

Cmted Ltnaary LMnc 


I. I k-IHilillld IIHHl 

In- hUIU-l iM.III-m 4 
tetli ills . * li.ll li- teliy* las i'll 
kil. .Ill HkHli V.' I.un 
HOLLAND PARA. FI tel mi 1.1 
ini-vvv In- ;■ iHdi. IhsIiiiw Ini Kiln tel I ni. -il 
li.Mtiii- ir-i'li lu\ kit. hiik. 
W 0 liiilri (Hiss- I251'1 
EOGWARE. tv i-ll linn iimil 
Ip-- 1 leHlin :• iisi-p. ifinvl 
kii. isilli. teii-. iiilu i kiw 
vlmg.vilMuN LI 50 

01-499 5334 



Hliiiiiiiiin nmsli iimrl Hill ill 
I'M "thul Ilia, k 2 l“'K ns ill 
kll Ihllll IVllkllHI. |M«h1. 
Imi*i Irl l.-'Grt I> IV 
.1 n.Pl hnnv- with 
liM I —II.. e ? Ink. 2 
ii».-|p kil. Itelh. king IH* 
l SMI p is- 


IMndillul will mail ini 
4lh Ihim ’• ink null 2 
Ihillp Kll i.irlis. Iihhi k-t. 
I.-IOO Urt I- is 

•1-724 3100 

CHELSEA SW3 -111 l.n Inc I.KIIhl p|.||llH«IW Vvllll 

l>e- -un ill inirv.-iv.iini v and 
Ihil 1 i'ln-ih. 1 I'Kippi kll. 
lulli mi CIS me 
CHELSEA SW3 I til Hi- p-i md 
Ihiiim- hi ihinlrn -1111.111- 
ili.iu mi ilm ini. V teii-. 2 
ImIIp l.innlv iv -liilv.iini 
-■iv.ilivi teite- rvinlni. 

IPIXI pn HITk, 6 IIHNllh- 




lninim ik-Miiiiisl l hnl in 

l*ii III IiiIh- I ill. innli-l A 
mliiniliv idHiiM- I nng Co 
IH « ISHiu 


*sii_N ns iivumnu IMI. in 

llllte I .llte- IIM-p min IMV 

uiihIkh-s .’ iliih* I ml-, dlili* 

akinsl v Hh-n fiiliv idmiii- A 

n-s pmli-i lung I ■■ let 


01-930 7321 



lAl*||,t\l',BMI|M'll|NHB-« iNNinl 
im i mimIIi iik|mi Ini inr 
iii* 4 i il iiwi mil iii uistmii 
mmiri itr^ in niam lum ir%i 
ih'iilMl iIiMimIn i.iniarMi 

h'Nii i inoim in i ? cno ntv 

TEL: 01-486-8926 


I SI All I li'Oltll III .Hill llTU 
laili'lifil ihNiilhll A fmrl II.H 
niri(idi|iiiif| Miuaii' M*mI hliirli 
mill IHl A |Hii|t*i u mm lilts* 
i.m Vi im f HNklsHil A SiiHlh Ol 
“W 7VI 

WEST KENSmenrON 1 lukinnivi 
iiPMlfiii fulli I ill 1 1 raff'd min 
IlHill INlflNlI MMI lHlIINA- "Allll 
I>hi LiiMi .uh| afi'ii i MG im 
UN f II Al III* \%.m.Mii* im 

Irifmj i«hii|miii l»i Iii HI Q7G 

I UpluiihiK 
a||Hl IAIY llllVl^ m<rflli\ in* 
■ iiualili ih ••|N* iJu*Ki in all irtiir.U 

■uni kpg| IfiiHlnii Im 

imnlilH ■illiiilum ph%pa* lUKiOl 

U W.' i 

LE ARCH t Ikhi •• of I.rvls* 

|l|||% ■ llllllMVlMf | l|V*lll (NTfOril 

Hill** III INiilliR’ IlHM k Mininiiiiii 
* imoilli*- im < 

Mlh Uii-ih- .if I I I I I IS 
I \ I I S 111 r.M HAHH 

bed modern mewi house, ga- 
rage Co tel pro £260pw 
March 3. Tel 794 8294 » 848 

KEHSMCTOM «f« off Churrh 
StreeL newly de c orated , fur- 

ntahed house. 2 beds. 2 dsiIm, 2 
tftm £250 pw Tel 937 8763 
Or O BB 388 2545 
N UT HELP! H olm locator, rental 
acco mm pubnsnere. over 10 
years exp with house* flue, 
bedstu. sham All areas, m 
01627 2610. 7 Don 

laser 4 bed. 8 MU) mews houoe 

In pr u ne taratum unfuratatied 

for long co lei. £500 pw. Bu 

dunam 361 7767. 

SMfl Well decorated and fur- 

rushed raodeni house. 5 beds. 

targe reccp. fuBy flt kU. 2 baths. 

parking. COBOpw. Altai Bates A 

Co. Ptl 01-498 1665. 
URGENTLY Mehubhbl Fun 

com prooenm for tong Oomtte 

ny tea In Central London 

Usual fee., Sturgis A Son- 01 

244 7441. 



avauaM* now. sioaixno pw 

Burgrai 01*581 8136. 

PAMB.Y HOMO 5 betam A receo 
TV A phone £136 pw. Others 
Mo 627 2610. Hamrtoctaon 7 

FULHAM Lovely 8 bed house 
with gun in qtael 3L Avail now. 
long « fet. £200 pw. Buchan- 
ans 861 7767. 

WI. bbrdra flat DM*, bedrm.. 

Lou. Receo- ktb. Company 

tel. ClOOpw TeL 727 4680. 

northern un umimch 

parking washer 6 phone £85 

pw. Oftwn 627 2510 


RM, v dose Tub*. Avail now. 
tanoeatet £i66pw Buchanans 
Ml 77 67. 

PUIWIV BY The River. Unety 3 
bed house, newly decorated 
Long Q> let. £180 pw Buchan- 
ans 361 7767. 


Keith ^ 


Newly dtnrdnl and refur 

Dhhed 6th floor aoarRneni 

romonw RrmHion. Din 

lug Room. KHenen. dbm 

Bedroom. Single Bedroom. 

Baltwnam. doakruora* Ga 

rage Spate C2IOpw 10 tart 

CH . CHW. Illn. porlrrdV. 

CT JOHN’S moo, Mn 
Handsome wen dec Morey 
Cnmtei town he- with 
prefly pallo I 2 DMe Rers. 
Kll. 2 3 Dfifr Bnunev. 
Etethrm. rioakrm. L'lilky Rm. 

Pteynn Palm £4E0nw nrg. 

ExreotKmaJ 3rd lir flat. 
Mimar rondH inroughoul 
Lge bedrm: itM-niiplu* sola 
bedi naiin kil halhrm. 
ROOF TCE C200pw 
Ol 727 7227 

Iimite* newly dor and 
«iw(b don hse In good 

modern dcinmnL 3 invnv 

4 h-dimv 2 balhim- il ra 

vuHri rlk ewHIenl ff HI. 

paUd. W CSBOpw 

Ol Z2S 1972 
Stunning Ulterior detained 
ni in pbh nr Rrgrails Pan. 
Los ell- i rtep pi lev sen din 
(na rm vupeni TV rm wilh 
Hin: master hedrm sulie. 2 
fiBlher bed rms and 
bauirm. rlk pkg Inrluding 
CH and CHW L7B0PW 
•1 722 7101. 

55 HeaUi M.rvl 

Lonuon NWJ 6LH3 

T*k 01-7*4 1131 


SWl LnvHy lamlly house 2 
rec tin. 4 mol new kitchen, din- 
ing rm with paUo doors ta garden. 
2 baths. Hr enlaces, newly dec 


able rial dose transport 2 dbte 

beds, receo diner, l bath, sunny 

Idichen with wanm drier 

WESTMMSTKR SWl Close Partta- 

ment Sa Spacious l bed flat ui 

secure Mock. Lge fined kll. aU ma- 

chines. balh wlUi shower. 


Short iels in cenlral areas 
also avail E1QQ-S1 .OCOdw 

01-823 8251 ' 

1/2 floor Maisonette wuh 
huge magniriccm reccp. 
retaining on gnu] derail tad 
anting & kil- bath. 

£400 per week 

Hjdr Park Office; 0I-2E2 MO 




ROAD, SW3 bPAC lam 

hse in nrarl m Chrtwi 

wilh 4 beds. 3 rerros. 2 

balhs. mail now (<h 

tang Co Lei £500 PW. 

SW7 I in mar uil d<* 
signed 1 Iwl lux Hal In 

bin Km Avail now for 

long Co LN £400 PW. 

SWl Newly rtn and 

(urn 2nd llrvr ilal in 

alliar nxnnwin wuh 

2 rads. Avail now lor 

long CO Lei £250 PW. 

ux loe sunny flal. CN. 
’ kll A baUl. TV A stereo. 

01-730 8682 

SWT 1 bed flat ui sb Mock, l 
reccp. K4B Avail for 3 mtb* 
£I20pw Allen Bales A Co m- 
499 1666. 

UA COMPANY seeks fum prop- 
erties In best London areas 
A genls i 01-689 5481 
VICTORIA UMD 2 tad flat child 
ok recepi parking washer and 
phone £116 pw. 627 2610 
W12 Lux 


no bills. Co tel. ClOO pw Tel 

WAMMWOITTH DrUghUul 4 bed. 
2 bauirm family house in auiet 
sneer. Lang co let £200 pw. 
Buchanans 01-351 7757. 
BMOHT romfonable douHr bed- 
room flal. Eating Broadway 
W5 £116 pw. 679 4703 
HYDE PARK. Superb 2-3 tad 
llato. 2 baths, large receo. Fun 
details. WTF 935 9512 
W.l. Rooflop mod balcony rial k 
dble bedmu JC22SD w inc. 
OL. C H.W. T.V. Ol 854 5788 

in-wll <h-i Mh-I n— i.s.-io 
M l A> jili i- -liuivti . < n lu 
■•tail 1.1 Cr, u„ 

I to r.\|ij. ii| ;> ■! khvn 


houses, rials no fee lo tenants 
Williams A Son 01 .947 8130 


■ l.i-* -tfia'i lii**« im l«iiHr a •tni(i*i 
m h ■ in I tiiiiimi I >4Uil 
i«*> Mimifv. Jk Sinis ui ;»4.| 

KENSMGTON. MniN'iii nih ikwu 

llsll a' I Ihll IhtlllhHIIS l«*fll*|l I'm 
krt* Isiilli. Ni , |i \%t 1 .'*>** ni 

'411 I IHIlllMI III 

SW19 I 'Mil M I a'H V. N s 
I Hill* ivii SlMlt* LllUk* Ins « Il 

iHfIVM* f IllN* III! ||||bp* Infill 

IMIII ii h ill Mn ,,ri 7|H1I 

swio:Mi--fi ;muiiu ilu in iim khi 

li»'ir*r IfiT-'l* %ill|> il Ml 1>M* I ■« ■ - 

|M.I«|* IMllM I •I'T. D%x <*4ta|i|.Uf| 

A sniiiii n| U^II 7 Mu 


IMHES4-. m M 

Jlllilli'l A « II K*7 :y. r . 

W4 LUXURY lifiliiii hs-- % 

•HmhI ahi firilrl .« m rtf. 
fi-illr- I AYA !|ii% .vr, JWJJ .j. 


I ■.■■■iie-ai-.iel NWI .nii in.iIk 

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.IIV.I ili I I VHinb- I.Hl srimli- Iml 
k A II fll I ICrllilv 

lrt , 'l r-"* «ilU2 1 1 . 

KENSMOTON FLAT Willi nr iv. He 
'rr! rvilfli-ll Ire* m ,1 qie.l 

— ie— I leili iniiii- iiH-k'ni kil 
IVilllinailli. .if- Ilf -Jill.HJI. 1M-K 

It >k iiii.ili-l I I 7ll tv ill 
I-ll'" I Vi- III H7II 47iLS 
teite 1 iteiin vv mini J in-liiHgii 
ll*il llaii k id -Ims-I — -I in i|iir* l 

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ni tuv f|H| ■■ - ini 


■ • III I III -k .-lllrtr- 

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■ *411111 wi'l'ir* A ■•■niir. ■ *hj| I— 
i I Vi pw hunnril liiiiirr l>li 
ill 'Wl ,<5M 

AT JOHNS U(JiM» l ih 

imiikN imimI. ^ hiiK «.' <ihi> 1 
-.imih i Itnill .it to ..I ill EiliaM. 

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li-iiHH Hi (611 - I nil. r.n 
■UHk I Uaipis ill H7n.i57nin 

WL VrlV .ilIrtalivpiiuin-IHdlLU. 1 Mtiullltell Inenlll 
■^-*■1,111-1 ? ilnnllie In-I- ii-i-p 
Inmi lilii-l kll A IliIIi. (Lis «' II 
>:"AI PH UN ludllHi i Ir.iiM'i 
lei »l uv. .>7*11 .un Inn*. . I ■ 

BATTERSEA I iniii-tud W llnnr 

-llll V In I- IVi-Mjl 
nueiri im*rt .* i-*n i*-pi. sn IH in . *n il U Vj pu un 111 
»*.■.- li-nH 

I llll I Jlli IVLiirh I il vim ai 

■ iiiiuiiiirliiiinii *iv*nLilj|r iM-iir 
-*li id Im *1 Ilii ■■ *ni*l i r— L h iriinl— 

I id tl7k« Md.« VjM 
CLAPHAM ivrtl linn netolv ih- 

- * te*i<k-ii II,ii. 1 kH' mi hr- kll 

■iiul Ibilh i II I'llW Cln-e h> 
lube L105 0rt n w mi linav ■- 
i" V n*l li-li-pllulle f *d H?4 II 4b 
CRYSTAL PALACE ftwu l-rti 
im nun vbMikiiiq tell in Iiimim 
nuvirt -Ilu,-) fyiirx* Cl 36 Prill 
milii-ui* CJI. IMriillng r\ . sill 
1-n IrlrpImiH- Ol 761 TO1I 
HW LONDON. LI 56 (.1000 |Hv 
(JlklUll tin nrdlril Halls .net 
h*.i— Ur lei ut S*l liihit- 
IViHid I laimimi-iHl ru lirvfrrsv 

ii-uuHr- 0 *Vj iWI| 


Mbumir* 2 h*-l if-rt .idi Hwi 
IkUk *UMI Plini Hill 1275 ins 
(anil F.l lei Itemrts UI 724 


iHiuli Llxrt ill pii-J*Ui' Idk 
Hni'il. 3 turn-. IS -I Vie kil 
Imrli'i lAf'5 pir. Imiq (.> h-l. 
H-iiirk 111 724 IloO 

8AYSWATERW2I ■irite rnniliifi 

talk- wi'li iiuiudirrt p tvrtr m itel 

inlitnik -dp- 3 ksni i m h-l LI46 
lev I lniilri- H37 73oG 

WANDSWORTH -Mllta live I 
H., I lulh Im ii teh> <■-•< fll. 
IHmne 7 nun- II U Suite Pud 
■■ iimirte LdSrtpi in I VI ullid 

n imi m h? 4 cede 
BEHR A BUTHCHOF lid llr-nhv 
Hfutnn Im. in m Inhii- torand Hi- 

te-iHv I'aik, hlunLl \iilr. Jvni-n 

<*■11 A ILinip-le.ulUI 6H6 755I 
IhiiMlt llibe —Ihii i*i — «k (.140. 
<l|wn 7 itev- ni’7 »>Ii< 
llminteu alms 

lewne I illi-vl kll lw«li <-1|i Ite 
llu liiniiml Ikiik ’Irani vs 
S IMI I I A 1 11 Ol H7H riooo 

N-W 11 /Mlr*Hliii'. w i-ll — ilibili— I 

kd Ilmii iLU A In-1- kuilite 1 
kil illiirt lain- iloniiii IH 
4V, nHT.5 

US ON. EXEC i .will i-- ' 1 ta-l 

IK*. Rrli Itel I. Mlllll- l VI 

I I Jiaiini (il let I Mbll In- 
M-l Ikllte-ls Ol 72-I Sign 


TUI Ilf— ta— I iNMI-l- .It .ill Iiniiml 

<nln (inn li-vi p«% nni 
n.*7 H5»id ami (i7 5>l|u| 

■■in .1 led i |n< :<in 1' ihille. 

< v k w iv I mm (a Iri Ikutei- 

n) ?:>a '.imi 

BARNES I III ruMHrt I> im ■ ntiiee' 

III H-l kil Ibtai din iJSnp w 
-V IMI 11 A ill III 87H H hon 

CENTRAL UNO 3 Imi ILU ir-.-p 

I \ alibi plMaHi- 1.91 pw M.IIIV 
nlhii- t>Jl .'’KKillHHriK .iliii- 


Soles Dmsfon 

M/P. Apa 19 - 24 CISJNHL 

The couonvi Mbdlng 
organisers of Corporate hol 
H taHly al the UK's major 
spores events to lootdng lo ex- 
pend (to sales team. Based in 
Central London, you wU be 
selling private faciIttMi to 

uUves al events such as 

W imb ledon and Royal Ascot 

Initial salary » £4.000 rising 

M £8.000 after rhe flrsl year 

and an needeni c omm ission 

aysaem win add £10X100 - 

Cl 6000 ta an n ual mu mtoga. 

01*826 7722 ar6?«68771. 


SWI4 Wim Senior level expe- 

rience sen motivated, lively 
Personality, excrilenl pmenia 

lion for Recruitment. Rusty 
SH. Gd typing, pods wp. 
£9 CXXJpa Link ApptS 846 

"*« RELEASE t - Sen tar 

media adverUHna and PUMk 

RelaUons. Covriil Garden Bu- 

reau HO Fieri Street Etta 01- 
353 7696. 


Permaneni a temporary pod 
Hons. AMSA SpectMMI Her 
Cons. 01 734 0582 

hem medial Coven I Garden Bu- 

reau. I IO Fleet 81. EC4 01-853 

FRSSS R E LEA S E ■ Sen lor Me 
dla and Pubbc Retanona 
Covenl Garden Bureau. 1 10 
Fieri SI. EC4 363 7696 

Tempting Times 


We nave bookings (or 
sh audio • *avrriiinev 
■ 10O 60) wilh WP »xp 
surtuig immrtu.uriv jam 
Our loam ol prafnvuofial. 
Icim today 


01-23 5 S427 O R CALL HI AT 4 


General Appointments 



Aged 20-27 - London Area ' 

Wc are London’s leading independam, luxury 
fitted kitchen company with prestigious show 
rooms in the West End, Chelsea & Richmond. 
You should be educated to at least ‘A* level 
standard and have a real interest in design.- 
Previous experience is not essential as we are 
renowned in the industry for the quality of our 

You should be a firm believer in the virtues of 
hard work, which is an essential ingredient in 
this unique career opportunity. Saturday work- 
ing is involved with a day off in lieu and a 
competitive salary win be paid. 

Please write (in your own handwriting) in the 
first instance with brief C.V. and expected salary 
during training to : 

Edward HaUatt, Managing Director, Just 
Kitchens Lid., Dainton House, 1A Upper 
Brighton Road, sorbitoa, Surrey KT6 6LQ. 

ry Young nenon reaulrea with 
A tevrt xintonl nuUn for ex 
ponding International Insurance 
company in City of London 
Good prorarcts and salary far 
nodi candidate. Rridy ta BOX 

AMMHUUO younu prison <22+i 
with integrity rraulred. £7000 
nrg regulated tamings -scheme. 
Excrilem managrateAt pros- 
pects. Ring 01-222 a|81 




Sncrof poaliiMU OvailcMe ittiriing iVi the denjnpntcnt and 
tuning ul ttoiwq solh iwr. Mm hire pmm rrarf word os a 
Sfs/mu Pnnnvnmer. 


Three yean plus experience of important Jrcelnptncni asvgn- 
mem. Mainframe and/or mini computer experience pr efe rred. 


Knmrledxe of orucumd prognunmin/c iichnufua plus thor- 
o icrfl commercial experience ol'CoM to work an motor on-line 
smena. IMS advantanema. 


Fn v yean etperterue required to torn the Daiahase support 
learn al prayed leader lerd. Solid DP batkfpounj essential wuh 
IMS or Adahas. 

H e also hold numerous racancies fyr programming and opera- 
/mmi staff in all major hardmire disciplines. For details contact 
Tone Miles on 01 9J8 JAW. 



Programmer/Analyst £13-£15K plus 

A superb opportunity for someone who enjoss " total 
cumpuiing". ie development, implcmcniaiion. support, 
dealing wuh people and irips abroad, in a go-ahead 
dvnamic eompanv. 

MR Imemauonai applies dcvclopmem and suppun 
skilK lo IBM Syston 36 mm-based s> stems such as 
(ilobal Data Collcenon. General Aeeounnng and Mar- 
keting. Tor use in key world centres. 

H you Rvc in London or the Horae Counties, and 
are confident with high levef programming experi- 
ence. (Coboi, RPGII although retraining is 
available) and ewio yi n g meeting people as part of 
your job satisfaction, phone AB Executive (repre- 
senting MM and speciaBsts in Commercial 
Computing) NOW oh 01-549 6441 for more infor- 
mation quoting consultants ref CO 1133. 





We are looking for experienced legal secretaries 
for our expanding Liligaiion and Conveyancing 

We offer good salaries, varied and interesting 
work. Twice-y early salary reviews, 4 weeks’ holi- 
day, luncheon vouchers, interest free STL + 
good working conditions in a pleasant 

Some experience of word processing or the will- 
ingness to learn would be an advantage. 

Please apply with CV to: 

Mrs. J. A. Harris 

Amhurst Brown Martin & Nicholson 
2 Duke Street St. James's 
London, SW1Y 6BJ 
Tel 01-930 2366 for further details 

EDITDR of ouanenv mail enter 
business . nurra software cata- 
logue. Extensive cow willing, 
sates, business, and technical 
experience required Familiar 
Ity with IBM and Aopte micro 
computers • PC MS-DOS a ap 
pie Operating systems 
Responsible far preparation of 
catalogue -and sates aner sales 
support of the products. 
Jtl&OOQpa had CVi Accra 
fcftosni lOO Bahar Start 
Londia WL 


J Senior Partner’s — 

Secretary £12,000 + Benefits 

Aa rmflnx opoomnulv nau widHB ibn pepipom Fits Pracucr far a 
hwfelt cfflcmL srtl tcT j r c icd and imrlhom Sccnsnry A good bnftffnmd 
■a Compart lommacul n preftmd ud ixcflnu wcrrarul toJJtv. lariad- 
af faonfcand art csteaiial Fte> an maiMliir roir bom jour o»a office in 
asnstmi ibis ckunuag and v*r> smor partner. WPcipcncwr omoujI lldl 

Litigation Secretary £10,000 + Bonus 

A bntfci ud toril presented Audio Sw i c ur r u aigeuli required b) ihn 
><wng. rtannmK Parmer of one of o« bnp Cut efttmv No drecthaad 
accessari' Jow ibr Lnipomi Dcpanmcm md uofac vour liignun npm- 
cnce and occanuc Uuliv If vou ei gm responsdnlin An roobl be vour ml 
nep* KnooMpe of mxdprocruiiic prrfa ih ic Esniienl paebpe ('all AksB 

URRFNT Wr haw ■*™«adfacUiolSerrear , rtM work kn 

* nor pmixtxxr, efcmli rhnx^bnoi Ccriral London. 

TEMPS LuriJew ram pin Bank Hoiidav pa> 

I kllll vl , Legal wp sees Shanbaod and Audn. up le 
ff>ao pfa 

2 Legal Audw/Shocl h aad Secs, op lo tb iciph 
For more informant* a bum Aevr and uAer imemine poviuoav plrasr call 
L anad or Ainu cm UI^JMIAS. 

TfersonneC A 

Appointments w 

» Aldwydi. London WCZB AF TU- D 1 -342 0785 

(2* hr&ans. service). 


tetttng mkcmv require a •eU rno* 
(hated and roramMoo 
orWAiaied Negouaior far busy 
Office Pto 681 6136 



Agents require a book keeper it 
day per week far young office 
lean SBi 6136 


and willing House- 
keeper wanted, for 2 adults u 
Central London This is a Bve 
Mil pattHKm offnlng good sala- 
ry to J Demon wim impeccable 
rets. TW 561 3109 alter eon. 

reau offers M/help. Derm or 
uve ui staff. UK A overseas Au 
Pan Agency Lid. 07 Regrnta Sf. 
London. 01-489 6534 



Quietly Miuaied In aeauacu 
niMMar nose lo central 
Staton * Mornake Stn. Stal* 
MWy improved 6 extended ta 

provide roost attractive 2 
badroonvM arronuiudpuon. 

TW. Sun 01878 5275 

Oliver Jem Ol 678 8883 

ayr om nouse in 

private dw near park A river. 

3 beao use en suite bom fitted 

kHchen. central heeling, m 

rug*. £88*960. tit 868 4916. 




Tastefully lurmssed. 2 dbl 
bods largo kjuw dinor. II 
hit. bataroom. wr. gas rh. 
goragr, anraruve garden, 
close losftapsand E. Flnrhlev 
Tube Go lei prof £170 p.w 

Tel 01-455 1539. 

smo CTMrnnne family nousr. 3 
bedrooms. 2 bathrooms, rccra 
Uon. kllrlm. garden. OCH 
£360 aw Ol 352 6892 or 
0538 76523 

CMSLSCA superb, luxury, newly 
decorated one double bedroom 
flal un Chryno Walk CloOgw. 
Ol 352 8468 


PONT ST. MAirr tote of Man 3 
storey, lerrarnd. Hartourado 
cottage vrtih moorings Kllchen 
diner. 2 bras, longr £120X103. 
TH0624 843471 OVrS 


WlLTlmn taiuamg pm to arre 
freehotu wiui ptanning in a con- 
servation viltago rkm* B-R- 
Statloii. Tel 0380 830446 


■oumnioura arafaanis 

Park □owl 2 bed Oound 
door aiwrlmem DeBohlful P4- 
llo. Bom. seo ctaalts. Gas cii nr 
Hvob* Garage. caipeM. « 
£58.760. ReMV W BOX AS I . 


NOUA G.STJUN Small lorraro 
house BeM posllion Fine new 
over voa 8 lean Kowiv 
modernised 0986 WIT 
JM on taMrti. swimming pool 
Tel Ol 580 381 1 


BA Drlrav beach 3 tart ? 
balh lurmslwd rondo on qolf 
rotrne Pool. Iranis near ocean. 
£59.000 Ol 586 87b£. 


slan Blur mfiaDK wim Innqed 
alloy, low profiles, sports seals. 
Reo Nov '85. Reg No. C91 1 
6.500 mis £37.500. 021 3S0 
243o iwkdaysi 


•82 X reg 4 door, 
metallic blue with blue cloth 
llnled glass. 22.000 miles anlv 
Eslnn inc sunroof, elec tosn 
■taws, eler floor mirrors, pas. 
Pioneer stereo system New 
stainless sire! exhaust aysrom l 
owner rxrederil rondllion 
Uiroughout Private uk* 
£4.500 0923 32816 



Worldwide low coil nights. 


Cia apa /UO A FOtfdi 01^37 5400 

Loag Haul FgghM 01403 ISIS 
WD B ya hnu CtaM 01-938 3444 
Q avammgni UoanaadiBaadad 
ABfA (ATA ATOL 145a 

MTOGBSWIK . Near CUtt alter, 
dunce on vale villas and a pan- 
mraia m rural area, excrjtem 
pair. Iranis and riding but 
Marbrite 40 minutes Palmer & 
Parker tOn 493 5726 


’.Ill, iii-iW I •■IIWI A I \l| H-l 


TUSUANY. By Medieval town of 
Barga in the beautiful 
Canugmna valley Farm 
h0UM». vtlteft. aparts i, country 
nateto JETFARGS Ol JJ28 



VAU DO LODO ■ pnvale villa, 
wHh pot*) - Palmer a Parler 
■011 493 6725 


MTOMAHBC . near Gibraltar. 
rootee unvote vfflae wm 
mana m rural area, exreiieni 

g4if. tenntv and riding bin 
Marbalta 40 minuted PtotiWi 
Porker (Ol) 493 6725. 


VIENNA. SoanMt Riding School. 
B personally conducted lours to. 
dude run dress psiormsaMe A 
private vbrit lo LtMazamr Stud 
at Piber. Fuu detatto Ptantp a- 
mon Travel. T«H, 0404 44191 
ART A. -5 

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--wJtftwi- V'' 



Today’s telev ision and radio programmes and Peter Davaile 

\ * 




&00 Ceefax AM. 

*•» Breakfast Time whh Frank 
Bough and Selina Scott 
Weather at 6J55, 7.25. 
7.55, 8J25 and 8.55; 

regional news, weather 
and traffic at &57, 7.27, 
£57 and 8 37\ national and 
mtemabonal news at 7JDXL 
W 8.00,8^0 9.6^ 

Jimior Advice line at 7.32 
followed by the adult 
J' ers fo n approximate! 
hour later; sport at 7.L. 
and 820; and a review of 

««3?S.'ffi papers 

Tifohmarsli with gardening 
advice and Glynn Christian 
with a recipe. 

12430 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and 
Chris Lowe, includes news 
headlines with suhtides 
1255 Regional news and 

1.00 Pebble MN at One with 
Paul Coia, Marian Foster 
and Bob Langley. Dr David 
Dehnn discusses new 
developments in ante- 
natal care; there is a 
performance by a team of 
acrobats from China; and 
Jan Beaney continues with 
her embroidery course 
1 .45 Chocfc-a- Block (r) 

2-00 The Goode Kitchen. 

Shirley Goode makes 
penny pancakes and 
prepares an economical 
casserole and home-made 
champagne' 2.15 The 
Patent Programme. The 
subject of mis week's 

imond and Henry Kefly. 
»«s« at 620; news' 

6.35 and 7.34,* regional 

at 75ft film review at $54; 
Moya Doherty's reunions 
at aA5; JuJie Brown 
interviews Fine Young 
Cannibals at 9.10 


j}-25 Thames news headlines 
950 For Schools: memories. 
For the hearing impaired 
950 The natural history of 
a valley 10.09 The different 
ways animals move 1056 
Beginners' German 10.48 
Local and national poKtics 
11.10 The rote of 
computers in everyday Bfe 
1157 Care of the feet 
1154 Travelling people 

talk about their way of 6fe 

1250 Button Moon. Puppet 
adventures of the Spoon 
family 12.10 Rainbow. 

Klaus Maria Brandauer: Quo Vadis? (Channel 4 ^ 00 pm).Centre: Ken Hutch isonXIare Higgias,GabrieUe 
An wan Hideaway ( BBC 1 , 9 J 0 pm)JRighfc Marguerite Yonrcenar, Arena (BBC 2 , 9 . 55 pm) 

BBC 2 


Open University: 
Measuring the Earth and 
the Moon. Ends at 750 
9-00 Ceefax 

950 Daytime on Two: for the 
moderately mentally 
handicapped young aduft 

955 Spanish conversation 
Maths: F 


programme in the series 

- .■■3* 

. lining how to oope 
with the under fives is 
steep 250 Ceefax 352 
Regional news 
355 Postman Pat (r) 455 

•hmbo and the Jet Set 
Cartoon series 4.15 
Jacks nory. Kenneth 

% Williams with part two of 

Roald Dahl's James and 
the Giant Peach 455 
Banana man 450 The 
Ready Wild Show. Terry 
N utkins. Nick Davies and 
Chris Packham answer 
young viewers' nature 
John Craven’s 
Newsround 5.10 Grange 
HM. Episode 11 and 

1250 Thei 

Drama serial about an 
Australian faititty during 

the Forties 
1.00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 150 Thames news 
presented by Robin 

150 Shine On Harvey Moon. 
Comedy drama serial 
about a serviceman 
coming to terms with 
civilian life after the 
Second World War. 
Starring Kenneth C ran ham 
and Elizabeth Spriggs (r) 
250 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs another studio 
discussion on a topical 

matter 350 That’s My 
Dog. Canine quiz " 
presented by Derek 
Hobson 355 Thames 
news headfines 350 The 
Yoimg Doctors. Medical 
drama series set in a 

laths: Fibonacci 
sequences 10 l 15 Part six 
of The Boy from Space 
10.38 The rejuvenation of 
London's docklands 11.00 
A visit to El vaston Castle 
Museum in Derbyshire 
11.17 Drawing and 
painting colourful flowers 
and butterflies 1159 
Science: silicon chips 
1250 French conversation 
1250 Part 1 6 of a German 
conversation course 1255 
Ceefax 150 The French 
coastal town of Fecamp 
158 Using maps and 
compasses 200 For four- 
and five-year olds 215 A 
farm in a remote part of 
the Scottish Highlands 
240 Science: patterns of 
3.00 Ceefax 

550 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather 
555 Fast Forward. Video fun 

Melbourne hospital 

on. A repeat of 


Robbie andZkjgy are busy 

collecting cl 
(Ceefax)S.35 Faxi BUI 

; stubs. 


Odcfie arid his team settle 
another selection of bones 
of contention 
650 News with Nicholas 
Witchefl and Andrew 
Harvey. Weather 
P 3S London Phis 
750 Holiday 86, introduced by 
Cliff Michehnore. Sue 
Carpenter tries a bird- 
watching holiday in 
Yorkshire; John Carter 
finds out what Western 
Australia has tor the 
tourist; and Sarah 
Kennedy reports from the 
old Moorish settlement of 
Mojacar in southern Spain 
750 EastEnders. Sue and Ali 
become involved in 
exciting plans; white 
Vftcksy is seen fn doubtful 

company (Ceefax) - . 

850 One by One. Lady 
Pendle's large estate is 
the site for a new Safari - 
Park and this means that 
there win be no reprieve 
tor the zoojr) (Ceefax) 

850 Points of View. Barry 
Took with another 
selection of viewers’ 
Innocuous letters 
950 News with Julia Somerville 
and John Humphrys. 

950 Hideaway. Episode one of 
a new thriller about a 
villain who tires of the 
crooked life in Camden 
Town and decides to 
double-cross his 
colleagues and beat a 
hasty retreat to a Peak 
District hideaway. Starring 
Ken Hutchinson and Clare 
Higgins (Ceefax) 

1055 Film 86. Barry Norman 
previews Spies Like Us 
and reviews Streetwise 
1055 Nothing but the Best A 
parents' guide to 
secondary education 
1150 A Toast to the Trams. In 
praise of the electric 

4.00 Button Moon. , 

the programme shown at 
noon 4.10 Cartoon Time. 
Chi Hi Weather, starring 
Speedy Gonzales 450 
The Wind m the Witiows. 
Animated adventures 
based on the story by 
Kenneth Grahame (Oracle) 
445 Splash. The 
children's programme in 
which the viewers pick the 

5.15 Blockbusters. General 
knowledge game for 

tor the young, presented 
by Hoella Benjamin 
No Limits. Jenny Powefl 


=irst shown on B 

1150 WAather 

Bob I 

545 News 650 Thames news, 
presented by Andrew 
Gardner and Tricia 
655 Reporting London. 
Graham Addicott 
investigates a mysterious 
chain of events and 
Lindsay Charlton 
examines the claims of 
'Colour Counsellors' 

7.00 Emmerdate Farm. Seth 
Armstrong decides to help 
— ‘ Alan Turner lose weight ■ 
750 Busman’s Holiday. 

General knowedge quiz -■ 
tor teams of three, 
introduced by Julian 
Pettifer. Tonight’s round 
includes trams 
representing air traffic 
controllers and magazine 
agony aunts (Oracle) 
M a g nu m. The detective is 
asked by one of Hawaii's 
leading surfers to protect 
her and her daughter from 
a gang of thugs who might 
be working for the 
woman's estranged 

950 BocnvThis week the 

freelance trouble-shooter 
Is given the task of looking 
after an ageing rock star's 
difficult son. Starring 
Michael BpNck. (Oracle) 
1050 News at Ten. Weather 
followed by Thames news 
1050 Midweek Football 

Special Highlights from 
one of tonight's top 
11.15 Cockney Snooker 

Classic. The semifinals of 
the Mecca Bookmakers 

650 ffo limits. Jenny Powell 
and Tony Baker report 
from Cardiff on the city's 
latest film releases, videos 
and pop music charts 
650 The Adventure Game. The 
ruler of the planet Arg is 
challenged to a series of 
test of ingenuity by Joanna 
Monro, George Layton 
andVal Prince 
750 -The Strange Affair 
of^The Old Straight 
Track. Robert Symes 
presents the sixth and last 
investigation into famous 
mysteries and legends. 

The subject this evening is 
ley fines. 

850 Heroes. Eric Robson's 
final guest of the series is 
Tom Sawyer, deputy 
general secretary of Nupe. 
Among those he counts as 
heroes are Winnie 
Mandela, his mother, 
footbaRer Duncan 

Edwards and Buddy HoiJy 
850 Food mid Drink. Resident 


cook Michael Barry dishes 
- upsome exotic pancakes; 
there is news of the . 
flavourless tomato; and an 
investigation into whereto 
get the best wine bargains 
950 % Claudius. Episode five 
and German teus is 
murdered in Antioch and 
Piso and his wife, 

Plancina, are suspected of 
perpetrating the foul deed. 
They return home to Rome 
where they are charged 
with murder and treason 


Yourcenar. A profile of the 
first woman to be elected 
to the Academia 
Francaise. She talks about 
her life and writing to Pater 
Conrad at her island 
retreat off the coast of 

1055 Newsnigtit includes the 
second of David Sefls's 
reports from Sicily on the 
trials of the Mafia men. 

Tonight he talks to Paolo 
Borselfino one of four 
lawyers who produced the 
40 volume Indictment 

against the 474 

Trophy, introduced by 
Irian Me 


ts.11.40 Weather 

Brian Moore 

1215 Night Thoughts 


250 FBnc Ghost Catchers’ 
(1944) Starring Olsen and 
Johnson. A comedy thrflter 
about a pair of nightclub 
comedians who come to 
toe assistance of two 
damsels in distress who 
have rented a haunted 
mansion. Directed by 
Edward F Ctine 

345 Years Ahead. The first of 
a new series of the 
magazine programme for 
the older viewer, 
presented by Robert 
uougall. Witn St 
Valentine's day in tie 
offing the programme 
examines the problems of 
finding a partner late in 
Ufe. Are dating ageendes 
the answer? Plus, reports 
on sex and the eiderty 
andd the financial hazards 
of mariage or remariage 
for pensioners 

450 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner is challenged by 
Algie Aspinafl, a carpenter 
from Brighton. 

550 Bewitched. The eccentric 
Aunt Clara casts a wrong 
sped and Samantha's 
voice goes out of sync. 

550 As Good As New. The 
Anal programme in 
handyman Mike Smith's 
series designed to 
encourage those 
interested in repairing 
damaged or broken 
furniture at home (Oracle) 

650 Pop the Question. F*op 
nostalgia quiz. The 
resident team captains. 
Chris Tarrant and David 

Hamilton, are joined by 
), Dave Dee, 


O'Connor and Toni 

650 Danger Man. British 

secret service agent John 
Drake, is sent to the Far 
East to investigate the 
murder of a Chinese 

750 Channel Fbir news 
750 CommenL Wfth views on a 
matter of topical 
Importance is Nfcote 
Davoud, a multiple 
sclerosis sufferer and 
campaigner for the 
disabled. Weather 
850 B/ookside. Heather starts 
work on an account tor a 
women's collective where 
she discovers her 
feminism is questioned. 

850 Take Six Cooks. The fourth 
course, meat is prepared 

by Pierre Koffman of La 

i be 

ante Claire fn London. He 
makes poute au pot 
chartreuse d'agneau au 
persil and pieds de cochons 
aux mobiles. He also 
iUustrates how to cook the 
perfect steak (Oracle) 

950 Quo Vatfia? P m on e of a 
three part adaptation of 
the celebrated novel by 
Herman Sienkiewicz, to 
shown on consecutive 
nights. Set in the year 
63AD it chronicles the 
downfall of the mad and 
despotic Roman emporer, 
Nero. Starring Klaus Maria 
Brandauer, Max Von 
Sydow, Frederic Forrest 
and Cristina Raines. 
Directed by Franco Rossi 
11.10 The Comte Strip 

between the Slags and the 

11.40 Ghosts in the Machine. 
The final programme in 
the series showing the 
best of bizarre videos. 
Ends at 1250 

( Radio 4 ) 

555 Shipping Forecast 6.00 
News briefing- Weather 
6.10 Farming today 6-25 
Prayer far the day fs> 

650 Today, mel 650, 

7.30, 850 News. 

855 Yesterday mPari ament 

a .57 weal her; Travel 
9.00 News 

945 Tuesday call: 01-580 
4411. Myth. Legend and 
Romance. Judith Chalmers 
chairs a phone-m 

10.00 Nevis; From our own 
correspondent. Ufe and 
politics abroad, reported by 
BBC foreign 

10-30 Morning story: 'The 
Mardy Grass' by Jude 
CoHins Reader the author 
10.45 Daily service (New Every 
Morning, page 46) Cr) 

11.00 News: Travel. Thirty- 
mmute theatre - 

' Standing on Ceremony by 
Stephen Shorn with 
Pam Ferns. David 

1153 The Living World; "The 
Living Landscape . 

Derek Jones finds that 
plants help him trace me 
evolution of the Sussex 
countryside m the 
Chiigrove Vaaey. 

1200 News: You and yours 
Consumer advice, with 
Pattie Caldwell 
1257 My Word* With Dilys 
Powell and Frank Muir 
challenging P.D. James and 
Denis Nor den (s) 

1.00 The World at One: News 
1.40 The Archers 

1.55 Shipping Forecast 
250 News: Woman's hour. 

Includes a report on 
readers aid to Sudan 

3.00 News; The afternoon 
play: ''A Photograph of 
Lindsay Mowaf by Ellen 
Dryden with Angela 
Please nee. Isabel Dean, and 
Alan Rowe CS) 

450 News 

4.05 The food programme. 

The Nnk between 
philosophy and food. 

4.30 Kaleidoscope (last 
mqht's edition) 

5.00 PM: News magazine 
5-50 Shipping 

5.55 Weather 

650 News: Financial Report. 

650 Oh. Yes it is 1 History of 
pantomime, narrated by 
Richard Briers (3) Burlesque 
and Breeches (s) 

750 News 

7.05 The Archers 

750 File an. 4. The fight by 

working moihers m 
Birmingham against 
exploitation andihe 
black economy. 

850 Medicine now Geoff 
Watts or. the health of 
medical care 

8.30 The Tuesday feature 
Public Eye Anne Biown 
repons on neighbourhood 
Watch schemes, in which 
the public helps the ponce 
fight crime 

9.00 in" touch Fw people with 
a visual handicap 

9.30 Persona Grata Dr Stetan 
Burzackj talks about firs 
favourite characters from 
fiction isi 

9.45 Kaleidoscope, with 
Michael Oliver 

10.15 A Bock ar bedlime But 
ter Burner ' by David 
Hughes (7) Reader. Denis Lilf 

1050 The World Tonight 

11.15 The linancial world 

11.30 Today in Parliament 

12.00 News, weather 

12.33 Shipping Forecast 

VHF (available m England and 
S. Wales only i as above 
except 5.55-6.00 Weather, 
Travel 11.00-12.00 For 
schools 11.00 Time and Tune 
11.20 Time to Move 11.40 
Musicianship Early Stages (s) 
145-3.00 For schools- 

1.55 Listeninq Corner. 245 
History. Not So Long Ago 
2.25 Contact 240 Picures in 
Yc-jr Mind (Slones) 550- 

5.55 PM (continued 1 11.30- 
12.10 Open University 
11.30 Open Forum. Students' 
Magazine 11.50 Why 
Study the Slate? 1230-1.10 
Schools Night-time 
broadcasting Votx de France- 
French Vi - La France des 
affaires (1 1 

( Radio 3 ) 

6.55 Weather. 750 News. 

755 Morning Concert Berlioz 
(overture Roman 
Carnival): LehaqMeine 
Lippen. ste kussen so 
heiss, sung by Schwarzkopf, 
with the Philharmonic 
Orchestra and Chorus);. 
Schubert (Impromptu 'm F 
minor, D 935. No 1 .played by 
Lupu.ptano): fppofitov— 
Ivanov (Caucasian Sketches. 
Op 10, Moscow RSO); 

840 News. 

205 Corrette( Concerto 
comtque. No 26. Les 
sauvages et la furstemberg); 
Handel (Music for the 
Royal Fireworks .arranged by 
Hartyk Mozart (Ah. lo 
previdi. K 272 sung by 


Granados ( Q Petefe): WiRfam 

Sc human 

(NewsTB8l)54Q News 

655 This Week's Composer; 
Honegger. The oratorio 
La danse des mods, in 
mono. Wim Jean- Lous 
Barrault as the speaker . and 
the Paris Conservatoire 
Orchestra; Marche funebra 
(Les manes de la Tour 
Eiffel): Symphony No 2 for 
Strings.with trumpet 

1050 Mahler and Britten: 

Mahler (Kmdenoteiieder. 
wtth Janet Baker and Halle 
Orche s t ra ): Britmen ( 

Smtoma da Requiem, Op 

20 ). 

1050 Kenneth Lagh ton: Mass 
for Double Cnorr, with 
soloists Crocker. Judith 
Hams, NeiU Archer and 
Mark WiJdman and BBC 

1155 Alexander Bailie: cello 
recital. Bach f Adagio in 
A minor, BWV 564), 
Beethoven (Variations In 
E flat on Bei Mannem. Magic 
Flute); Faure (Romance 
m A. Op 69: PapiUon, Op 77): 
Shostakovich (Sonata, 

Op 40). 

1220 Midday Concert- BBC 
Phdharmomc. Part one. 

R inland Bo Light on (Dairdre: 

A Celtic Symphony). 1.00 

1.05 Midday Concert 
Rachmaninov ( 

Symphonic Oancds, Op 45). 

1.40 Guitar Encores: 

Wolfgang Lerxfle plays 

i Coste, 

works by Napoleon i 
Mana-Luisa Amda. 

Amaldo Diaz. Vicente Sojo 
and Rodrigo Riera ( 
Merengue venezoiano). 
210 Weimar Season. Phtzner 
( Von Deutscher Seeler, 

parttvro. with 

ifunderfich.Winer. and 
Bavarian Radio Chorus and 
SO): EisJer (Suite No 3): 
Webern (Six songs to poems 
by Traki. Op 14 ( Phyflis 

Brvn-Julson. soprano). 

rgfTwo Piano 
Pieces, Op 33 played by 
Poflmi); Korngald( 

Concert far piano, left hand, 
and orchestra, with Gary 
Graffrnan. as soloist); 
Strauss ( Military March, 
film music Der 
Rosenkavalier. with 
Ensemble 13 and cast 
including Gwynnsth 

400 Peter Brthelt piano 
recital. Schumann 
(Waklscenen. Op 82; 
lonisitoe Etuden. 


^3 13). 455 News. 

5.00 Mainty for Pleasure: 
Roger Nichols with 
another selection of 
recorded music. 

650 Songs of the Trou veres: 
Adam de la Halle love 

lyrics and poetic dialogues. 
Weimar Season: Stars of 


the Bertm Opera- 
Presented by Rodney 

7-30 Roumiana Athanassova: 
piano recital. Dvtrak 
(Theme and Variations In A 
fiat major. Op 36); 
Mendelssohn (Scherzo, A 
Midsummer Night's 
Dream): Smetana (On the 
seashore); Weber 
(Sonata in E minor, Op 70 No 

8.15 weimar Season: 

Wozzeck. Berg's three- 
act opera, sung in German. 
Vienna State Opera 
Chorus and Vienna PO. With 

a cast including Ebenhard 
waechte/ m the inie rote. 

An >8 Stije, Heinz Zedruk, 
and Hermann Winkler. 
10.00 Jazz Today: Charles Fox 

presents Spirit Level. 
1150 Ther 

String Quartets Of 
Dvorak: Lindsay String 
Quartet play the Eilat 
(Cypresses No 4). and 
the 96 (American). 

1155 Night Winds: Academia 
Wind Quintet of Prague. 
Foerster (Wind Quintet. Op 

1157 News- 1250 Closedown. 

( Radio 2 ) 

News on the hour Headlines 
£ ,30am, 6-30, 7.30 and 830 Sports 
Desks 1.06pm. 202, 342. 402, 
5.05. 6.02. 6.45 (mf only). 9.55 
400am Charles Noire (s) 6.00 
Ray Moore (s) 8.05 Ken Bruce (s) 

10.30 Jimmy Young. Medical 
questions are answered by Dr Bill 
Doknan (s) 1.05pm David 
Jacobs (s) 240 Gloria Hunniford (5) 

3.30 Music all the way fs) 440 
David Hamilton (s) 

650 John Dunn (s) 850 Soccer 
speciaL inci. live second- hall 
commentary 9.30 BBC radio 

orchestra (s') (joinmq vhf) 955 
Sports desk 1040 On cue. 

General knowledge quiz (Tony 
Peers) 10-30 The Name's the 
came- Barry Cryer and Duggie 
Brown with Su Pollard and Don 
Mac Lean. 1140 Brian Matthew 
presents Round Midnight 
fsiereo from midnight) 1.00am 
Peter Dickson presents 
Nightnde <s> 3.00-400 A little night 
music (sj 

( Radio 1 ) 

News on the half-hour from 
6.30am until 9.30pm and at 12.00 
midnight. 6. 00am Adrian John 
7.30 Mike Read 940 Simon Bates 
1220 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 1245 Gary Davies (this 
week's Top 40) 3.00 Steve 
Wright 5-30 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 5.45 Bruno Brookes 
(Inc. 6.30. review ot Tap 40 singles 
chart) 740 Janice Long Inc!., 

9.00 John Walters's Diary 1040- 
1200 John Peel ts) Vhf radios 1 
& 2 440am As radio 2 8.00 Od 
stagers, Harry Fragsonfs) 840 
The golden years with Aten Keith (s) 
940 SBC radio orchestra (s) 

9.55 Sports desk 10.00 As Radio 1 


K.D0 Newsdesk. 740 News. 7.09 
TwHity4our hours. 740 No Place Like it. 

7.45 Neiworic UK 840 News 8.09 
Bellecnons. 8.15 Development BE. 840 
Talking About Musk. 400 News. 9.09 
Review ot me British Press. 9.15 Trie 
World Today- 940 Fnanoal News. 9.40 
Look Ahead. S.45 What's New. 1040 
tJews. ID. 01 Discovery. 1040 Cturte. 
11. DO News. 11.09 News About Britain. 
11.15 Waveguide. 1145 A Letter From 
Scotland. 1200 Radio Newsteel 1215 
Journey Through Heaven 1245 Sports 
Roundup 1.00 News 1.09 Twenty-four 
Hours 140 Network UK. 145 Recording 
of the Week. 200 Oudcok 2.45 English 
Song. 3.00 Ratio Newsreel. 3.15 A Joky 
Good Show. 4-00 News 4.09 Commen- 
tary. 4.15 Omnibus. 4.45 The World 
Today. 5O0 News. 549 A Letter From 
Scotland 5.15 Mentkan. B40 News. 849 
Twenty-Four Hours 9.15 Invitation Con- 
certs. 1040 News. 10.09 The World 
Today. 1045 A Letter From Scotland. 
1040 Financial News 10.40 Reflections. 

10.45 Spoils Roundup. 1140 News. 
11.09 Commentary. 11.15 The Classic 
Albums. 1140 Journey Through Heaven. 
1200 News- 1249 News About Butam. 
1215 Radio Newsreel 1240 Omnfcus. 
1.00 News. 1.01 Outlook. 140 Report on 

Religion. 1.45 Country Style. 200 News. 
209 Review of the Snusn Press. 215 

The Muse Business. 230 Charlie. 340 
News. 349 News About Britain. 3.15 The 
World Today. 340 Discovery. 440 
Nawsdesk. 440 Waveguide. 4.40 Book 
Choice. 5.45 The WorioToday. 

WALE&5J5-&JM pm 
Wales Today 6^-740 

- Wales Today 

TTie Chris Stuart Ora Cha Chat 

Show 9 l 38-1(L0S Week In Week 
Out 10 l 06>1(L55 Cagney and 
11 J50-TL55 News and 
Bf. SCOTLAND: KL20am- 
KL30 Dotaman 6L35pm-7.00 Re- 
porting Scotland 1025-1055 
Six Seaside Towns (Rothesay) 
1055-1 1^5 fBn 86 11 J5-11 JO 
Wise Choice 11.5D-11.55 Weather 
5.40 Today's Sport 5.40-000 Inside 
Utstsr6JJ5-7JJ0 Charles in 
ie 11^0-11^5 News and 
weather ENGLANDrt 200- 1230 

pm East on Two (EAST only) 6J5- 
7.00 Regional news magazines 


Channel News, and weather 
140 A Country Practice 340 Ques- 
tions 5.12 Puffin's Ptetfijce 5.15 
Sons and Daughters 6.00 Channel 
Report 035 Crossroads 11.15 
The Champions 1215 pm Weather, 

Lunchtime 230 Water Garden 
3.45 Showcase 3£8 Ulster News 
5.15 The Beverly HiBbIBies 6.00 
Good Evening Ulster 625 Diary 
Dates 6.35 Crossroads 840 On 
State Tonight 11.15 Sweeney 1220 
am News 

cat- 640 Crwydro'r Ctedrau 
6.45 Sloe Siarad 7.00 

Newyddion Saito 740 CEFN 
Gwtad 8.00 Treasure Hunt News 
Headlines 9.00 Deryn 1200 
Iseu Ddoe A Heddiw 1020 How to 
Survive The Nine to Five 11-20 

Film: The Mummy (1 932) 12.40 
se 1.00 Countdown 1 JO Al- 


ice 200 Hwnt Ac Yma 2.20 
Ffalabalam 2JI5 Hyn O Fyd 2L55 
interval 200 Sea War 3^0 My 
Brother's Keeper 4.00 Make ft 
Pay 425 Bewitched 4£5 Hanner 
Awr Fawr 5.30 Unforgettable 
6-00 Winston Churchffl The Valiant 

GRANADA: g™«- Gra . 

nada Reports 3.25 Granada 
reports 3J0 Sons and Daughters 
5.15 Smalt Wonder 6.00 Grana- 

da Reports 6^0 This Is Your Right 
Crossroads 11.15 Man in a 


Suitcase 1215 am Closedown 


-—capt 1240 pm 

Time 1-20 Central 


News 325 Central News 5.15 Sur- 
vival: Rattler 6.00 Crossroads 
625 Central News 11.15 Madigan 
1240 Close. 

TCU/- As London except 
■ ■■■■ - ' 1230 pm Newheart 120 
TSW News 3.00 The Protectors 

325 Sons and Daughters 3-57 TSW 
News 5.15 Gus Honeybun's 
Magic Birthdays 520 Crossroads 
640 Today South West 826 
Televiews 6.30 Emmerdale Farm 

740 Film: The Hindenburg 

itt) 11.15 

C Scott) 

iript 1120 Show Express 
1140 weather 1141 Close 

BORDER- ^ Lon ^ n ex - 

- Ul ‘ n ' cept 120 pm Border 
News 320 Sons and Daughters 
5.15 DifTrent Strokes 640 
Lookaround Tuesday 625 
Crossroads 840 Quincy 11.15 
Tales from the Darkside: The 
Odds 11 A5 News Summary 1148 


Calendar News and Weather 
1220 Calendar Lunchtime Live 
120 Calendar News 32S Cal- 
endar News 320 A Country Prac- 
tice 5.15 The Protectors 6.00 
Calendar 625 Crossroads 11.15 V 
1215 Close 925 am HTV News 
120 HTV News 325 HTV News 
5.15 Mr Smith 6.00 Crossroads 
840 Murder, She Wrote 11.15 Man 
in a Suitcase 1215 am Weath- 
er. Close. 


640-625 Wales at Six 

TYNE TEES' ^ Lwfoon 

* THC 1 except 925 

North East News 120 North 
East News end Lookaround 325 
North East News 5.15 Look 
Who's Talking 640 Northern Life 
625 Crossroads 11.15 Barney 
Miller 11.45' To Com a Phrase 
114C Close 

SCOTTISH' As London ex- 
* 1 ' cept 1220 Gar- 
deninaTlme 120 Scottish 
News 320 Sons and Daughters 
5.15 Emmerdale Farm 6.00 
Scottish News and Scotland 625 
Crossroads 740 Funny vou 
Should Say That 840-9.03 Hofei 
10.30 Ufa Call 1025 Film: 


i!n^rjl973) Warren Oates 1235 

TVS- As London except: 925 
1 am TVS Outlook 120 TVS 

News 1.30 A Country Practice 
3.00 Questions from Romsey 327- 
320 TVS News 5.15 News 
Headlines followed by Sons and 
Daughters 640 Coast to Coast 
625 PcHic 8 5 6.35 Crossroads 
11.15 The Champions 1215 am 
Company, Close. 

dens for AH 1.20 Anglia News 

and Weather 325 Anglia News 5.15 
540 About 

Emmerdale Farm 6 
Anglia 6.35 Crossroads 7.00-720 

Bygonnes 11rf5 Legmen 1210 

am Tuesday Topic, close 




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930 S2S2 gnai- e» i7W «a* 

Hour MR* visa #ocM9*l 
ROCKY W tPO to TOm. S»n 
progt OdOv U*se> 3^0 ^-*0 
ft 30. LAtf NUm S how 
11^69(0. AU Pf»p»B»6lc»Mvln 


301 4.‘836 0691 St 


v s 5 La"iarr 

jT S.U.610. WTTE »KS 

46.6.10. *46 LATE 

BMUffllpr- <or E«w» 



2191 CC 928 aaOO. Twim M 


A Sun-tvor from 

Wanaw Rmcr on EWtli. Rwj- 
Itown: Svtopnony No.9. 


■oval reynvAL hall oi-oa* 
3191 CC 928 880 0 TonHtol 

7 sown. KPO MtaM- w. 

Nn 3. TdialkAnfcjn symshw 



T tgllgA OWW 

GTMUWtClk will DJ 
■mmol stortdafclw 

MnntfW February l™i W 


COLISEUM s 836 3161 CC 


Tom 7 flOllriteTSWj* 


COLISEUM s 836 3161 CC 



Toni eoo atajjrejjj""* 

mn mn. tw* tjbo 

COLISEUM B 836 3161 cc 

24 aSusH national 





‘•‘“efiwoioSs.' iei * 



TOMO RRO W rrtrwry 9 M 7 SO 
A pvrfonndMv to MgliltoM ttw 
pNotu of SadtM-B Write Theatre 
widen fans ctosurr on May 17 

TKUttO&dSS. Svate avail on tup 
dan from 600an. - 

OI449 1006/19X1 

Canton. WC2 Ol 2*0 

>066/ 191 1 CC Standby info Di 
836 6903. Mongol lOanvSnra, 
66 Mate avail from lOam on um 
day. Tlckris Owr> fmm JC7.00. 
Baltol ft-ont £4 50. 


Today 2.30 A 7. SO. Thur 7.30 LA 
Fine mal oardee. Tue 730 Maon. 
Badri Caalny info 01-240 9816. 


Mon. Frl BOO SakMYto 

Cardin. WC2 Ol 240 
1066/1911 CC. S. Stanriiy 
bVo 01-836 6903- Mbo Sat 
lOandgnt. 66 ampM sms 
avail from lOam on tor my. 
TKkris Opera from BA 0. Bal- 
let front £4-60. 


TcoX Frl 8.00 Satoma. SM 
730 Faust. 


Totoor 730 Maon. Thor 730. 
Sat 1JO U rale mu sard*#. 
mm castinn Inio0i2a098i5 


836 7611 ■ OT 240 
7913-4 CC 741 9999/836 

7360,379 6433 
Cro SUM 930 6123 
EXCLUSIVELY wm First Can On 





musical • . 


*Slr MV 

DincM tw MU* Ockraoi 
Ktafttiy ri 7.30 Mate Wed at 330 

*2&?%A e ilK MUMCAL 

rvEEvttENKnrn 1 * 


2663/8 as* aene/9. Z4nr 7 

day CC Bostdnite- Fmrt Om 340. 





•Twn ft EMartaMwT. Oty 

Lfrnus. A new play by Oouglaa 

WdMBMn. DtodM WMHIld 

DuMte Evp. Mon; Is Fn. 

TSaYwm. *m X* eabL6£! 

A 8 IB. Cronp Salea BOX CHHce 
01-500 61 fttk Lari .7 waalte. 

01-836 6404.- C 

C 379 6233. Orp SOWS 930 
123. CC 24 ms me Bon 741 
J99. iri can 34 bra CC 240 
200. Eves 7.30 

wed A Sal o»o» PJO 


(Mon to FTI 730 Item oniv> 


to JJM. same's 

PETER PAN The Musical 

•Please, please, pl ea se if you have! 
one mare rwdns- mend a at He) 
Aldwycn Theafre 1 D- Mall 


__ S CC 437 

2663/4. 434 3698/9. 24 hr 7 day 
CC beofctoga FH Call 240 7200 




“Ptato v ft Xnl aitoto toK .- Clly 
Limns. A new play by DodqIu 
W amraan. Directed by MKturi 
Rudnian. Evas. Man. in Frl. 7 30 
Thur*. Mm. 3 ft. Sate. &a A 8.1ft 
Crintp Sates Box OfAce 01-930 
6IB3. LAST s mnu 

8666 CC 630 6262 Crp Sales 9S0 
6123 Eves 7.46 Mate toe A Sri 


D Cmi 



□erected by TREVOR NUNN 


Co n or! on* for 0AP3 until 

Ap/fi M Tua Mate 

- TO 

CCA CBdUW 01-73 4 4287 
01-487 8772 


A caKOrouan of to* me and mnHc 

of John Lennon YheterM^ 

raa% bwad IP. MH . 
raaldat ham daoa It baUar*. Cya-i 

waT- Additional MaL Sun at 4.0 

•vre Toes to Sat aa Mate. Sri 6 

Sim n xl 

BOR Off 

CCA OrOtms 01-734 4287 
01-487 6772 


Tm> Tints 


A cslenraUon of toe MV and to uted 
of John Lwaam. WOkUSFUM 

AddUonal Mat. Su> at 4.0. Evb»J 

Tnea lo Sal 8,0 Mate.. Sri A Son. 


R ARSS CAH RAIL 630 8891/628 

8796 Tool 7.4S Northern On- 

tome of England. SteShan , 
«—6 Bf K ovacawiai qtnd/ytooo { 

1 II— II Y S 930 2578 CC 839 
1438. Keith Prows# 741 9099 
<240 7200. 7 day/24 hr). CSrp 
Sales 930 6123 Eva B.O Wad 
Mate 30. Sate ftO A 8-30 


ln> Pam Cema. Dir Ron Damris 


E Box Ounce 

01-930 2378 FM Call 2^-hOtJT 7 

day c< baas Oi-2ao 7200. Prev 

Wed Frit 26 Odens Thur Feb 27 



Directed by HON DANIELS 

Evers MOn-Fri ao Sal ft3Q * 830 


01-836 8108. 01-240 9066.-7. 
First can 24 hour 7-day re Mw 
240 7200 



—risri Awards far 1889 









Evos ftO Mats wen 3.0 sat ao a 
CHUg SbM 930 6L2S 

JAN 1987 

DUKE OF YORK 836 8122 CC 

836 9857 - 74 J 9999 Orfr 6am 

930 6123 Ftrsi CM «« Hr 7 

Day CC 240 7200 £VH 8 Thu 

MM 3 sat B 6- 6.30 

The Ml comedy by Riourd 
Kants. Oracled tty Julia 


Tool “Had toe midHnca yaUHtd 

for more" D Mali “Must aunaly 

take tiwTDwn-Go NOW" D Tri 

-roan of aaprowt" Ttmcs “m 

ootod lo Da. lap. lap. forever— 


COTFK8LOE 928 2282 CC 

(NMMnai Theatre^ small aodi- 

wwm) That. 730. Temar 

7.30. men March 27 & March 

29 A 31 IRE C I URR V OR- 

CHARD tor Chekhov. Opoens 

Feb 13 at 7.00. Then Pen 14 & 

IS ft March 19 ft SO MIT 

Street 499 3737 Carat Browne. 

tan Hotm in Denari Ponerh, 

BR EA R MIBI ft (P<R FRm ri ftOOi 
(not mu 4.ia &20 ft BJto 

83» F«b 1 7-Mar 18 MW 
THEATRE CO from Mund re- 
tom wm toetr 


rtpg IIODtell HdUMM. 

HoUmee Ol 680 8843 Box Of- 
fice 01 696 BS38.9 or Ol 5BO 
9562 3 First Call 24 Hr 7 Day 
CC 836 242B Crp Salas 950 


-AKASH' by 


01-836 8108. 01 SMO 9066-7 24 
hour 7-day CC BooMine 
F irst Call 01-240 7200. 

DadM Narvfch'a 


Standard Drama Award 


Lawrence Olivier Award 


Plays and Ptayere 
London Theatre Cnllrs Award 
Evos. 8 0. Mats Wed. 5.0. Sate. 
SO & 0-30. 

Group Sale* Ol MO. 612S. 
Booking until July 19S6 

Mod. lo Sol 10 Dm. to 8 p m 

FORTUNE S CC S36 2238. 2239 
741 9999 Eve a Frl SM6&8.40 

Laurence ouwer A warn 1984 


fry jonn Codder 


Times. - SPUENWO- D Tel. 
One of the (mulled and toast ora 
irnuota pays year e ver qo tnn lo 
one. - exriuiiim and Hnarity- 
Penuadtna the audience la clap 
«ad there** 6Td. “ A JOY" EXP 

CLOSE 457 lB92Ftrsl Can 24 Hr 

Day* ce 240 7200 Crp Salto 
930 6125 


Dente Lawson. Jan Franm 
Ronald Hohule. John Barron 
A Comedy by Km Ludwig need- 
ed by Dared GUnar# Eves ftOO 
Mria wed a.oo Sat 4 00 Prevs. 
from Feb 21 First Night March 6 
at 7.00 

CC Ol 4S7 1092 First Call 
24 nr 7 Day 
CC 240 7200 
Andrew LJoyd WeBOer werem toe 


Soctriy af Writ End 

Award 83 


By Dente Deep en 
Directed by dbvu OHiaore 
Even a Mal* Wed 5 Sal 4 
Group Srito 930 6123 


& Times 



MUMS HEAD 01226 1916— KC 
■UMT ■Cnnv Comic Oraua’Jim 
27to - Feb istte Dnr 7Bm Show 
Aim. Tfcte SAjOO Booh Now 

GLOBE CC OI 457 XB92 First 
Call 24 Hr 7 Day CC 240 7200 
Andrew Lloyd Webber presents 


Society ol wki End Theatre 
Award 83 


By Dew* Dnera 
Directed by Dai id COmore 
Eve* 8 Maw wed 5 sal 4 Grow 
Sales 930 6123 

S Times 


Boa Office a CC 01-930 9832. 
Group Sates 930 6123. Prevs 
from Feb. IB 
Op ens Fe b. 20 at 70 









Dr Ber n ard Shaw 

Evgi 7.30. Male. Wed. £ sal 
2 30 


Box outre ft CC Ol 930 9832. 
Group Sates 930 6123 Pww 
Irani Fee 18. opens Feb. 20 ai 










Ev«f, 7.30. Mate. Wed ft Sri 


Box ofllce and rr Ol -930 9832 
Group Ratos 930 6123 



■■One of uw more sopMstlcatod 
whodunnits of recenl times jws 
I tirUtor certainly ttvruK “ D. Tel 



Df reeled by DAVID GtlMtWC 
Eiemnos 7 M. Matinees. Wednes- 
day 2 30. Saturday 3.0 


7373 CC HoUlne 437 2056. Ev« 
7 50 Mots Mon. Turn. Wed A Sal 
2 30 P.xlv rales available 
temlh: iradlUonal Panto - The 


“is deiasuHIno." The Star 


-TJndemubly a dishy Prince 
Charmlno.'' Daily Mall 

O. Mail 

“Dame Anna Neaglr wins 
tumuHokn appUnue.'' Dally Tnt- 
paoh "HoWb i he audience 
spentKHmd s-wondcriid. 

s'ltta^vellous. ,, T Out. 
Applf Boa Office 01-437 7373 
«3roraj» O* 4 ** 01-830 8123 
Fieri mb 24 Ham-, 7-day 
CC BriHep 01-240 7200 
Saate Av rilriWe at the doors. 


Previews from April 22 First 
own May 7 .Teiephane credll 
boaMhto now arrepb\l on 01 734 
9923 Firs! Call 24 Hr 7 Days CC 
Bookings 240 7200 Box offlre 
now open tor personal rallfre Crp 
SaKS 930 6123. 

HEX MAJESTY'S 930 4Q2E 930 

6606. CCfroUtae 741 9999. 24 hr. 

7 -day cc beakuite nrai Can 240 

7200. Group sates 930 6123. “A 

Hjte dart Bl tt M l rtM fl fr , Idtrifr 

M — ra d Is oar . , , Ate? »re 
tare” o Man 

The smash hfl from ihrOUe&eater 
FcsUvol Theatre 



“A rimrini adafrCadon aa 

■ i til l ta r a* » . . R u i n aids" o 

Tat. Tlw aaatoactorefiii Hiiaes h. 

ride ■ nalt a rwua' * M.O S Eva 
7 JO. Stab. Write ft Ml at ftA. 

KWOS HEAD 01-226 1916 AT 
LAST cr* ten Elliott 
"Wild and Cnty Comics" Dnr 
7MU. Show 8pm. 8008 NTW. 


2311 Prevs Ton't. Tomtu-7 45, 
Opens Wed T O. Sub Eves 7 4S. 



DI reeled by ftartd Hunt 
. _ Desioned by Ceoff Rosa 
DAY-NIGHT by A Man MKeboB 
DlrectM ov Rlriterd WMtam 
Ditogned by Tom PUUpa 
Eves Spin prornpn (Feb IB al 

OLD VIC 928 7616 OC 261 1821 
Grp SriCI 930 6123 

March 11 to April 19 




A new play by Jail 
wtth BUdie by Ci tea ww Varft 

OLD VIC 928 7616 CC 261 1821 
Crp Sales 930 6123 Eves 7 30. 
Wed Mats 2 30. Sate 4 O A 7.4S 


A play adapted (ram Jane 
Atman's novel by Opvtd Pownatl 





Dttvdrt by BM Pryde 
ABLE novel fimrrumm t 

"I LOVED IT” Observer 

OLIVER 928 2262 re 'Nation 
al Theaire's open staor) Ton’i 
7 16 Tortvw 200 ihAv pnre 
mail A 7.15. then Feb 21 lo 2E 


by Alan Ayckbourn 

CC 8327 379 64 33 Grp -Udn 930 



Ete* 7.30 Mate Ttui A Sal 2 SO 
Lai "comers not adnulled until The 


PHCOMX 8362294 re 240 9661 
or 741 9999 Eire P Mal Thu 3 Sal 
548 30 24 Hr7C«l First Call CC 
240 7200 


top narr? 

By Alan Bleasdale 
"II Y MaoninrenT'otK 

Ray Jewen will play Die Pmley 
on MomUy pvny only 

PHOENIX 836 2294 re 240 9661 
or 741 9999 Cm 8 mal Thu 3 Sal 
6ft 8.J0 r irst cad 24 hr 7 day rc 
340 7200 


Standard Drama Awards 

martin shaw 

as. EIlk Prnstov 




“frs MACMFICEHr*06wrire 

PHOENIX 836 2294 « 240 9661 
or 741 9999 Eve* 8 Mal Thu 3 
Sai6bfi3025Hr7 day Ftrss 
Call ct 240 7200 

Standard Drama awards 
A* ElvK Ih-eslrv 


Ray Jewers will play Ejvk Pnitoj- 
on Monday Eve* only 

PRINCE EDWARD. Tel. 01-437 
6877 & Tim RKe ft Andrew 
Lloyd Webber's 


tareefrd by Hdl Prince. Eras B O.. 
Mate- Thun. A tel. ai ML CC 
Hdllfne AW 8499. S79 6A». T41 
9999. 24 -nr 7-day CC booking. 
First CaU 01-240 7200. 

final DAY 



BOX OFFICE 01 734 8961 
FIRST CAU. 24 hr. 7-tUy 
CC BOOKINGS Ol 836 *464. 
Crt>. -sain 01-930 6123 


734 0961 FlM Call 24 Hr ? Own 

cc Boohing 836 3464 Cra Bates 

9M 6123 

spans 14 Map at Tpai 

2554 OUHCLVn ALONE by 
Anne Dertifi LAST TWICE 
POtre. TONT 7 30 TOMON 
3 JO ft 7.30 

Until February 23 Etm 8 pm 
LMth Productions in TRAP- 
anil-war play 

LYRIC THEATRE, Shall rebury 
Ave. WI.Ol 437 3686 7.01-434 
1060. rt 414 1560 734 6166 7 
First rail 24 -hr 7 day re booking: 
240 7200 



□irertrel hy jonn Detoer 

•ttmlrt wtth ThauRa » 
Antafr” Dully Evprev* 
Evto. 7 30. Saly 5 0 ft 8.IB 
Write. Mate. 3 0. 
croup Sain 01-930 6123 

Ave UT Ol -137 3686 7 Ol 434 
1060. re 434 ISSO. 734 6166 7 
Fust call 24-hour 7 day re book- 
ln«» 240 7200 





Cum ted hy John Doilct 
Htrif with IririrtbHI 
spplmteB** Dally Evprres 
EMJS. 7 30 Sate 60 ft a 15 
Weds Mats 3 0 
Group Sain Ol 930 6125 









LYTTLETON -S' 92S 2362 CC 
iNMliondl Trvaifp'it prowi’nium 
41arK-i Low prlre previews 
Ton't Tomor. 1 43 Then pre- 
views Feb Z1 In 24 Opens Feb 
25 at 7.00. Then Fee 26 & 
Matfti 3 to S BRIGHTON 

MERMAID CC i no boohing frei 

01-236 6568 or 74t 9999 re >Bk« 

r«-i 24 nr 7 day WO 7200. Ore 
satre 01-930 6123 Pretiew* ALL 
TkTS Ifrirom Thurs. Man lo Sal 
8 Mau Fn a Sat 5 NT'S 


By David Mamet 
Dirre led by Bill Dryden 
Far bitter NT shows sre National 


Canton. WC3 Ot 2301066 1911 
CC. S Standby Into 01 -836 6903 
Monsai lOamunm. US am pm 
vnuv as nil frem icun an me my. 
Tick res Opera from £7 OO. ttiUet 
Irom £4^0. 


Ton't tCcnerri Standby £.10 ihi 
before pert) Mon 8.00 Salome. 


Tomnr 7.30. Sat 2 JO ft 7 30 L.l 
Fllle mol aarftpe. Thur 7 SO 

Ballet Casung info 01-240 9815. 

it a 

e or 























• had 

8 . 














xl to 
ed at 

L the 
; bril- 
, All 
. the 
ve a 

A - orks 
















i, Mr 
1 told 

if 160 

i like 
ad to 

i a 



of the 
f and 
a the 





- QC, 
af the 
i the 
3 on a 
1 bud- 













- !■ 







i c 






















by Rcald turu 
Npw Mtsk Produrtlon of 'Bcsl 
Ltn'd Ohndmvs nook' 
UrmiSri TteMIVET 75- Easomr 
prlre reals lor Children 
JEANNE • The KfrMteri, 32 FYfr 

L AprlL 7JOWti. Prrt»* l«Nf*h: 



* Aii< iuLoi/rti! IXjDAU/U\1 

1 1 ,170V 
























































° f * 

Defendants caged during 


By George Hill 

Financial incentives have 
been announced to encourage 
national museums and galler- 
ies io charge entry fees. 

Mr Richard Luce. Minister 
for the Arts, announced 
>csierda> that from April the 
Government would no longer 
, deduct expected receipts from 
annual grams and would 
allow museums to carry up to 
10 per cent of unspent money 
from one financial year to the 

"The purpose of these 
proposals is not to replace 
public funding by private 
funding, but to provide an 
opportunity for a larger 
growl h in 'the total funding 
available." Mr Luce said in a 
written Commons reply. 

He gave a guarantee that 
once introduced, the new 
system would be left un- 
changed for at least three 
years and that no change 
would be made afterwards 
without "adequate” advance 

The new system will effec- 
tively make the exceptional 
treatment accorded to the 
National Maritime Museum 
when it introduced charges in 
1984. available to all public 
museums and galleries. 

The Victoria and Albert 
Museum imposed a "volun- 
tary charge” of £2 last vear 
and attendances fell bv" al- 
most 50 per cent in the" first 
three months of operation. 

Meanwhile, the Arts Coun- 
cil has stepped in with an 
eleventh hour initiative 
which could save London's 
threatened Sadler's Wells 

The theatre has until Fri- 
day to find £267.000. needed 
in the coming year, or close 

The crisis arose when the, 

Arts Council refused to' 
directly replace grants previ- 
ously given by the doomed 
Greater London Council. 

Now- Arts Council chair- 
man Sir William Recs-Moga 
has called a meeting for 
Friday, with the three compa- 
nies that regularly use the: 
theatre, to suggest "the possi-J 
hi liiy that extra money bej 
given to them and in retumj 
that they pay higher rents oni 
the theatre. 


J5rst PnMtsbed rau 


Letter from Siberia 


Mafia trial and, at 
■e 7. 

- — o — r 

Freezing fog takes toll of 
much-too -close drivers 

By Alan Hamilton 


Fonr people died and an- 
other 2] wane taken to 
hospital when more than 200 
vehicles crashed in freezing 
fog in Yorkshire yesterday. 

Police and firemen reported 
that yet again motorists were 
driving too fast and too dose 
in visibility of only 80 yards. 

One of the dead was a lorry 
driver whose vehicle ploughed 
into the back of 40 others 
piled up on the AI at 
Carrington, West Yorkshire. 
The other three, a wo man and 
two children, died when their 
car was crushed in a collision 
with an articulated lorry on 
the A64 York to Mahon 

More than 100 vehicles 
were involved in one accident 
on the MI8, and rescue 
services had to be summoned 
from West Yorkshire. South 
Yorkshire and Humberside. 

It was followed rapidly by 
two farther multiple crashes 
on the AI near Doncaster, 

stretching local rescue 
vices to the limit. 

The injured were taken to 
hospitals in Pontefract, 
Barnsley and Doncaster, bat 
most were allowed home after 

Both Britain and continen- 
tal Europe continued to expe- 
rience unusually low 
temperatures in the teeth of 
icy Siberian winds. Police 
found a lorry driver suffering 
from hypothermia on the M3 
near Hook, Hampshire, yes- 
terday morning. He had been 
waiting for three hoars in a 
broken-down vehicle, but lat- 
er recovered. 

Some of the coldest tem- 
peratures recorded in En- 
gland have been in ifr-wf , 
where on Sunday night the 
thermometer at RAF 
Mansion registered -I3°C 
Large areas of Italy have 
been blanketed by uncharac- 
teristic snow, which yesterday 
took Rome's famoasly undis- 
ciplined traffic to new depths 
of chaos. Roman drivers, 

caught without snow <-*»»»<?, 
wa re quite enable to cope 
with the slippery slopes of the 
city's seven biffo , and most 
main roads were Mocked. 

It was Rome's first snow of 
the season. Many other parts 
of the country, mrlnriing Hif 
Adriatic resorts of Rimini and 
Cattolica and the nwnneomc 
of Sardinia, were covered. 
Exceptionally low tempera- 
tures were recorded in north 
Italy, including -33 °C at the 
Alpine resort of Madeshno, 
north of MQan. 

In Venice yesterday the 
temperature fell to -3°C, and 
the local weather bureau 
predicted a high tide 
threatened to flood St Mark's 

Ferries from Naples to 
Capn and Ischia were can- 
celled because of rough 
. «£*. l ? asl 13 were 

killed m road accidents 
Austria over the weekend, 
where 6ft drifts were com- 

Photograph, page 7 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen holds an Investi- 
ture. Buckingham Palace, 1 1. 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh dine with the High 
Commissioner for Australia, 
Stoke Lodge. Hyde Park Gate. 
8 . 

Princess Anne visits the 
offices of the Overseas 
Development Administration, 
Stag Place. SWJ. 10.30. 

The Duchess of Gloucester, 
Patron ot Cot Death Research 
Support. The Foundation for 
the Study of Infant Deaths. 

II* 30 3 mcelio8 al Ckn’dSK. 

The Duke of Kem. a 
Liveryman of the Saheis' 
Company, anends the Livery 
Ehnner. Salters' HaJL EC2, 


Recital by Damans Wollen 
(clan net) and I wan Uewelyn- 

Chich ester 

Jones (piano). 

Cathedral, MO. 

Recital by Jonathan Rees, 
(violin) and John Lenehan 
(piano). Sl David's Hall. Car- 
diff, 1.05. 

„ Organ recital bv Martin 
Schellenberg. Bristol Cathedral 
College Green. 1.15. 

Music by Fiona Johnson and 
Caroline, Newcastle Univer- 
sity. 1.10. 

Organ recital by Harrison 
Oxley. Town Hall, Leeds, 1.05. 

Concert by Israel Piano Trio, 
Bishopsgate Hall. 230 
Bishopsgate. EC2, 1.05. 

Organ recital by Catherine 
tnnis, Sl Lawrence Jewry, 
Guildhall. EC2, I. 

Harpsichord recital by James 
Johnstone Scarlatti. Sl VedasL 
Foster Lane. EC2. 1.10. 

Music recital by students 
from Guildhall School of Mu- 
sic & Drama. Southwark 
Cathedral, mo. 

Concert by the Philharmonia 
Orchestra, Royal Festival HalL 
South Bank. 7.30. 


At one end of the. tiny the aim for a new find 
l ronseum in the because a great deal bf 
Patience and skill is required 
ae a 7ft-tagb glass to prevent the rcmatnsbehw 

itaimiw tkp clraoro Xniin. ia. 1 ? 

voy little different tfcro edged on both skfcT^fX 
when file lumbering beast Iron Curtain as the workfc 
w^kiDed by local hunters greatest fiva* «pm 

- • Aladdin's Gave of mineral 
- The creature s untimely and - geokxreal riches 
end is known so precisely by Sben*^ 
its Soviet curators because Because of the small «™, 
discovered of the masewn i — fr consists 
mI972 pan of the flesh was of oriy 
burnt and subjected to Otemkov is unable to di*. 
carbon datin g. trfav one of hk ... . 

w bakmK 2 Kthcd from itsS 
ice casing in 1973 and discov- 
HJ ras - stl iL p ?k ni colour ercd after intensive invest! 

<*1 *aBon » tabSSSTtaS 

smeu. Bons Okrinkov, the whales in the sea todav ^ 
s .afiable - director A few mites from the 
He h m charge of museum in the hfra k Sibcri- 

** or taiga. 

fte remams of prehistoric where winter aanperaS 
beasts preserved m the can drop bHow minus ai 
pwtnafrcm, the permanently degrees Centigrade, sits the 

Mbena to a maximum depth ru n- 

of j^L a , . Many, metnbere of the 

regularity small staff have devoted 
wnh which the vast perma- much of their lives io 
“P. yo ltyttai studying the curious cfaarac- 
/FfiS tensttes of the pexmafttst 
Republic of Yafaxtskaya ate and perfecting methods of 

n3QS ^J CODStr ucting modem build, 
m case of an tin usual mss cm top of if bv dnvino 
discovery. A team of geofo- deep foundations by the use 
gists is then swiftly dis- of steam hoses, 
patched to the spot to rescue “We- have learnt to tow 
the find asmtaei as possiUe. and respect (he perma frost," 
S"fL donc ** ““W'fiw *** director, MiT pSii 
•- • . - Melnikov, explained, “ReaL 

tJS£^iJ!5 . un, 5 , P* b is otmSSbecaS" 

light- brown haired kg of the without it. this whole aS 
mammoth has pride of place would be a desert." 8re * 
w the museum (baviim Nmetv fiwt a 

iwentiy bren returned after buikW down 
being raiubrted at a defini-ffiX^Jf srairs. 

?“?“ cavcrnous chamber hasS 
moths stagedm Japaiff the hewn out where the peraS 
smaU number of visitors ftoa can be suwSfT 
who make the y to t wftng minute examirration. It turns 
avmiour fligt here from „ui to be a dtevSy S 
Moscow can a&> mspea tbe like substance oSSa 
impre^vdy comptete skete- fee vS&tes MfrftoSte 
ton of a rhinoceros winch ^ loucfi - 

dales back approximately Although initial research 
40,000 years. indicates that here it was 

It was discovered when a formed only «yn r 60,000 
focal former came across the yems ago. the latest Soviet 
frost bom emenjng from findings show that penna- 
the melting pemumost white frost has been in existence 
digging a cellar under his nmier what is now Siberia 
horae. for at feast one million 

We always have to be on years. 

. a 

mi ■* : ' 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,966 

Concert by London 
PhiUiarmoma Orchestra. Bar- 
bican Centre. Barbican HalL 

Concert by Swedish Radio 
Symphony Orchestra. The 
Hexagon. Queens Walk. Read- 1 
ing, 7.30. 1 

Talks, lectures 

Herstmonceux to the Sum 
The New Observatory in the 
Canaiy Islands, by Dr Paul 
Murom, Molecular Sciences 
Lecture Theatre. Sussex 
University, Brighton, 5.30. 

Nature and Nature: 01d| 
Dogmas and new ideas, by Dr. 
J£. Jones. Darwin Theatre,- 
University College London. 
Gower Street, WC1. 1.20. 

Highlight - Nineteemh-cen- 1 
tury waistlines, by Imogen 
Stewart, Victoria & Albert 
Museum, 12. 

Sleep and wakefulness of the. 
airline pilot by Aviation Medi- 
cine Group, The Royal Aero- 
nauiical Society, Hamilton 
Place. Wl, 6. 

We are what we eat - and we 
are as old as our arteries, by 
■ ? H i >bbs - Sl Teresa's Hos- 

£,J£ c P owds ' WimWe- 
don. SW20, 8. 

archaeology in New 
John Gcismar, 
New York City ArchaeologisL 


Ononian manuscripts, by 
Penelope Wallis, Semina? 
Room, Bnush Library Gal- 
Iwik. Gt Russell Sl WCl, 


Annual Sbopshire Antiques 
Fair, The Lion Hotel, Wyle 
Cop. Sbrewsfeary, Today and 
tomorrow I J to 9, Thursday 1 1 
to 5. 

The Great Sl Nicholas 
Pancake Race; Liverpool Parish 
Church. Pierhead, I2J0. 

TV top ten 

^ BBC 1 

fcast&Kters rpw/Sun) 23J25in 

EastEncters (Tua/Sun) 22 ^ 0 m 

Nww and Wrattmr (Sun 2t30l 

The Two Ronnies 1355m 
Las and Dustin's Laughter Show 

Thu'S Life 13.75m 

Sport WMher (Sat 21JJ7) 

, rrv 

tggwtan Strew (Mop) Grenwte 
Ctororanion Street (WkQ Grenada 


The Midlands; MS: Major 
roadworks to the S of Bir- 
mingham between junctions 4 . , . . , - — ~ w 

and 5 (A 38 Bromsgrove and |A ndge of high presstire 
A38 Droitwrch); contraflow (extends SW across most 

limit. Ail- , 




jwth 50mph speed limfr. A41: 
Major roadworks on Bir- 
"““glani Road, three miles 
from. Warwick at Hatton. M& 
Kei^bcrwrenjunction 2 and 
3 (A4 123 Dudley and A456 
Halesowen): contraflow. 

Wales and West M& Wes- 
ton-super-Mare: Road reduced 
to two lanes in 1 


6 am tO midnight 

! London, centred S, E. NW. 
leen&al N, IS Engtaid, WtHamte 

2*1 JW aunshino. patchy freez- 
^ dense in pieces; »wnd SE. 
max temp 0C &2F). 

M5?<£ffiSSS a, “ s " 

Owmoeds (Tub) Ceram is.l5m 

» BBC 2 

Yee Rtew MWWr Bt05m 

KfsSgn""* 5 *" 

Pood and Drink 4U5m 

Snooker (Fri tsj* 

aS^SS 0 ” 8 " 0 " 4 -™" 

S’ 80 ™ 1 SlK,otar I s ® 16X4J 

/ A 5m --- ----- jwauuiu 

(A370 Weston) and 22 (B3133I 
Clevedon). A38.- Various fane 
oowres N and southbound on 
to Plymouth road. 
A41 ? “9)° r construction work 
on the Cirences: “ ■ 

rat Slack 86 445m 


aocksktef- “ 

Treasure Hum Sl4mi 
G md and mw Games 4.40m 
J*gof Lo*teg 3J5m 
HB»8W Blues 3,80m 
(Thu) 3.10m 
Cowtfdown (TuW 2.75m 
Countdown (WedJ 2.75m 


et - r5- 


1 Having broken a leash, my 
dog appears (8) 

6 Information about stunning 
event in former LTS territory 

9 He proposed theory of end- 
less revolutions (6) 

10 Made engagement formal 
( 8 ) 

11 One who can supply you 
lock, stock and barrel (8) 

12 Feast fit fora king, note (6) 

13 Create confusion as French 
army has to move back (5) 

14 Bum-sounding ]ql perhaps 

17 Fish and badger seen bv 
naturalist (9) 

19 Shot a bird (5) 

22 Get to unusually old steel 
centre here (6) 

23 0X3) ° f Egyplian fi° wer 

24 toiplies others treat 
EEC badly (2.6) 

25 Plays shot as follows (6) 

26 P w 7, er ’ s . ri 8 ht about noL 
finally, giving a jot (6) 

27 Complete ocean subsided, 
we hear (4-4) 


2 Period prior to certain 
destruction (7) 

3 Port most depleted on many 
occasions (9) 

4 Layer some plant (6) 

5 Island source of wine for 
saintly housewife (7,8) 

6 Little girl's apparel in stale 
of untidiness (8). 

7 Counter could be above it 

8 Pinson singled out for the 
post (9) 

13 Capita] way in which court's 
officers ran (3,6) 

15 Ballplayers? (5^4) 

16 Old-fashioned boot’s 'eel or 
sole to be altered (8) 

18 Criminal coming between 
us in will I cite (7) 

20 High rank in church for 
member of order (7) 

21 Club treasurer's reminder to 

master? (6) 

Solution to Puzzle No 163765 

Births: William Henry Fox 
Talbot, physicist and pioneer of 
photography, Lacock Abbey, 
Wiltshire, 1800; Thomas Alva 
Edison, inventor. Milan, Ohio, 

Deaths: Honori Daumier, 
caricaturist. Kalmondois, 
France. 1879: Sir Charles 
Parsons, inventor of multi- 
stage steam turbine, Ringston. 
Jamaica, 1931; John Buchan, 
1st Baron Tweedsrauir, nov- 
elist and governor-general of 
Canada 1935-40, Montreal 
1940; Sergy Efaenstein. film 
director. Moscow. 1948. 

Today is Shrove Tuesday: on 
this day the penitent were 
shnven of their sins. 

BrarttoW tetevWm: Tha 

BBC!. Aesfttef OmK Mon to Fri 


Sun 12£m 

Broadcasters' Auaengi Research Board. 

‘vuimu . Mgm; max temp OC (32FV 

to. b^en- .^asnSswsE iss 

^»es; vwid E, fight; max temp OQ 

Channel Wands: Dry, sunny 
^^wnd E fight; max tamp - 

SSl 01 *««. SW Scotland: 
MaWy *y, sunny intervals in 
gc^wmd SE fresh; max temp 

BoWjjrSjEauhufBh and D»- 


^Ainyli, NW ScotlBid: Rather 
*me ram or sleet in w| 
or strong; max (Bmp 

Northern Ireland : Rather doudy, 
o«»^ rrioorsfeot in W; wrid 
§4)?”" °T sfrons max temp 5C 

thdjpi* far tmon 
TTwdar Ufla change. 

-Jter to Swinidon 

road at South' Ceroey; delays; 
avoid if possible. 

The North: Ml: Contraflow 
« junction 32 (MIS inter- 
efrange) on the southbound 
for bridge repairs. 
M}* Doncaster to Sheffield 
link road closed; diversion due 
to work on Mortben Hall 
Bndge. M61: Blacow Bridge 
(Mo interchange): Inside lane 
closed both carriageways for 
construction of new motorway 
hnk on M6I at Wafron 

Scotbnd: M& Surfece re- 
pan^ on east bound earns 

Infonuten supplied by AA 

High Tides 








jgggjMB* ||7 70 3« 5 

atw«te«n 251 A 2 247 4.4 
8 50- 13 3 9.10 110 

12.17 32 1232 36 

835 12J 835 120 

73? 5.6 7.58 53 

12 18 66 1238 64 

707 54 728 51 

221 4 5 2.30 52 

108 32 1.40 39 

JJIhskI 11.49 53 - - 

7.57 7.1 7» 77 

7-3S 9.3 7 54 90 

12? M 4.17 56 
1228 92 1250 96 

11-18 22 11.04 .28 
121 4.7 159 47 

The pound 

San [ 

723 am 

5.08 pm 

Travel information 

Telecom's pre-re- 
conted Travelhw service gives 
regularly updated in formation 
on travel m Britain and on the 
ContinenL including details of 
.weather conditions, strikes or 
other problems likely to affect 
gawllera RaB: 01-246 8030; 

(including coach ser- 
««): 01- 246 803 Ls2k oJl 
246 8032; Ain 01-246 8033 
codes, see front of 
<fiaUkng code booklets. 

Austria Sd] 
Belgium Fr 
France Fr 









SaWk Africa Bd 
Sweden Kr 





2 MS 

iass ' 
21 625 

















ffefel Price tadme 3712 
uSs3 77,0 ** ‘ ndex cto8ed “P 73 at 

Moon nses 

jr~ ■ ■ 843 am B.09 nm 

First quarter February t6 

Lighting-ap time 

London 53B om to 6.51 am 
» 720 am 

“^*^1527 pm to 7.16 am 
5.41 pm to 7.04 am 

ranrance 6.03 pm to 7.09 am 

Yesterday . 

Tgrewahires at midday ysstaiday: c. 
cloud: f.fterr. rain; s, sun. 

C F c p 

S a?"™ 1 * « 032 

■ J® *w<ww Mw f 337 

c -228 Ja ney s -130 

raiiwif l * 0^ 

a™ ■ ■ g® M fegc fer s -228 

““Wuign C 032 M — —mm s 032 

I 387 R’nktaway c 337 

MJuo skv: br-blue sfcy and doud; c- 

r-rain: nnow: m- 
p- showers 

iWtad Haven 
P en an ce 

.... 72 8.09 65 

641 72 7 00 69 

718 41 730 32 

628 5.7 701 54 

831 24 855 21 

12.50 46 1227 4.5 

12.36 53 12.44 62 


f^hwtpton 1319 42 T2S 4.4 

Sw ans e a 7.59 95 B15 9 2 

Arrows show wind "atrecllon wind Ii? 5. IB 53 5.18 56 

impni ctrd«l. Tem£Sh£± o*mf S ' ntojH3 «^ i » 1ZJ57 4 | 1^7 42 

Tide measured fa metres: If8=32808ft. i 

Around Britain 

Sun Rain 

lii a in 

Scaibora x 

BridNngtofl - n ng 

Cromer -026 

tjrawsto ft L6 0.05 

g*=*» 22 0.12 

goffilCO AST * 

C P 

2 38 cloudy 
0 snow 

‘J S 8now 

-1 30 snow 

Sun Rain 
lira in 

Ssf \ 

Dauglfas .026 

London 0L5 - 

BlmmAirpt 1.0 - 

Bristol (Cm 02 - 

CanfifTfCtm 32 - 

22 - 
12 - 
02 - 

N’ctHviyne -003 

Snow Reports 

Add theae 

Parliament today 

Lxmls (2J0): Prevention of 
Oil Pollution Bill, third read- 
ing; Shops Bill, report stage. 

Commons (2.30): Wages Bill, 
second reading Atomic Energy 
Authority Bill, remaining 

£5,000 bonds 

13 AS 6742BI: 13AW 603S34' 1SAF 
14 6492; 2 BAW 163424* 

Bty 488293; 10CT 293423; 

iR^ 77 l«™i S \9s! Ba7S; flKN 

1 BKW 206726: 12LL 46452V ispe 
MPP 98381ft 5SLSWW: l£ 
TN 529763: 15TN 777B4& iH ip 
55801 4; 23TS 790312; 
^^992177; IflWF 900524; iss£ 

ASM &£ mnmat ‘ 

jrour prize as IngrucM Mow. 




See tg2L 95 13S 

on good base 

St Anton 100 300 

Lower pistes hard packed 


tsotafflOO 142 185 

Bitter skflng concfitions 

Courmayeur 2D0 350 

Good skartg, but very cold 

Andermatt 90 no 

Good piste skiing 

tro 185 


Skflng excetfent everywhere 
»» above reports, aut 
L refers to lower 
Weekend figures . 


C ^f tiona D Weather 

Off Runs to (5pm) 

Ftete resort - oq 
















































tsssr - am 


saas , °i - 

EdMnagh _ _ 

Bafteat 02 - 

Then am Suufey'a Ogum*. 

4 39 drizx 
4 39 doudy 

C F 

3 37 simny 

2 38 sunny 

4 39 axwiy 

3 37 c tout* 
2 38 snow 

0 32 snow 
2 36 snow 

2 36 snow 

3 37 snow 

3 37 bngtt 

4 39 brtgtt 
2 36 snow 

1 34 siow 

1 34 snow 

2 36 doudy 

0 32 doudy 
2 36 doudy 

2 36 now 

3 37 snow 

3 37 Start- 
3 37 SHOW 
3 37 doudy 
2 36 ' 

2 36 

1 34 doudy 

3 37 Origin 

P 1 . 


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<& b3B mSE SS eSS" 

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.Jl£. 4” w . Jn strucattaw m 
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jjtvjdmd cutnm. ■» — 

StoHoHo cards induda 

iaw^sr— — 


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6 19 68 Ffafsnes G 

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to exactly the sanw way TTnwnls 

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c -1 30 totaDbai 
8 ~4 25 JodcM* 


1 31 88 * ‘• •ii.u 
s 20 68 Lisbon 
o 24 75 Locarno 
c 14 57 U 
f ^ 16 Li 
a 21 70 

f -7 te N YOOr 
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t SO. 86 Osia 

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| S 27 70 

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S 5 41 VancWS c 4 39 
f 27 81 IlfaiH sn 1 34 
an -7 19 Vtan sn -9 « 

I 5 41 Warsa w s -5 23 
1 « S8 Wastrexr l 2 36 

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2 IS S5 SBftnbp s 2t ™ 

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