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. No 62,379 


Tomorrovv 



‘I remember 
it well...’ 

Penelope Keith's 
husband remembers a 
bottle or two of wine 
in the dressing-room 

when they first met - 
though she is certain the 
theatre was “dry”. 

The Muggeridges held a 
thanksgiving service 
on their 25th 
anniversary - or on 
their 50th, depending 
on which one you 
ask. Love is blind... 

Small-town boy 

America discovers 
a new 

Mark Twain 

Circus sell-off 

I Billy Smart’s 
goes under 
the hammer 

High kicks 

England's Rob 
Andrew on rugby’s 
proliferation 
of penalties 



The Tunes Portfolio daily 
competition prize of £2,000 
was won yesterday by Mrs S 
K Yagnik of Harrow, Middle- 
sex. Portfolio list, page 20; 
how to play, information 
service, back page. 

UK Army 
team stays 
in Uganda 

The eight-man British mili- 
tary training team will stay in 
Uganda for the present, and 
may be strengthened, Mrs 
Lynda Chalker, Minister of 
State at ibe Foreign Office, 
said in Kampala during a 
one-day visit in which she- 
met President Museveni. 

Letter, page 32 

Flood vote 

Jersey’s parliament has, by 39 
votes to II, confirmed its 
1980 decision to floodt 
Queen's Valley. Anti-flooding; 
campaigners are co n s iderin g 
petitioning the Queen. 


' ; N \ \ 
\ <ti***k 


THE 



TIME 


THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 1986 


w m 


European consortliim threatens to carry on fighting 

Strong Westland 


majority 
backs Sikorsky 


Bel 


By Patience Wheatcroft 

Westland shareholders yes- they arc unlikely to overturn 
terday approved by more the decision came from Mr 
than two to one the contra- Alan Bristow, who owns 
versa! rescue package agreed about 17 per cent of the 
by the board with Sikorsky of company. He said after the 
the United States and Fiat, meeting: “I accept today’s 

The decision should end result with dignity and good 
the bitter conflict over grace, albeit that it is person- 
Westlands future which Ms ally disappointing’', 
rocked the Government over At the beginning of the 
the past two months and led meeting, the consortium 
to the resignations of two spokesman, Mr David Horne 
Cabinet^ ministers. The called for a 21-day adjourn- 
company's chairman. Sir mem of the meeting so that 
John Cockney, welcomed the the identity of these nomi- 
result and said: “There is a nees could be explored. Sir 
very great need to get bade, to John made clear his Hi<liw» of 
our _ normal commercial any further delay in deciding 


activities. 

The rival offer by 
European consortium 


the future of Westland and 
was dearly incensed when 
Mr Horne insisted that the 


together with the encourage- motion for an adjournment 
ment of die then Secretary of should be put to a vote. This 
State for Defence, Mr Mi- was defeated by 68 per cent 
chad Heseitine, gained only to 32 per cent 
32_2 per cent of the votes. Sir John maintain*^ that 
The board won 67.8 per cent he did not know the ultimate 
and needed only a simple identity of the six owners of 
majority to proceed. Almost the 20 per cent of Westland 
10 per cent of Westland shares who were at the centre 
shares were voted at the of the argument. He disclosed 


meeting in London. 

However, the European 
consortium is looking at the 
possibility of legal action to 
try to have the derision 
overturned. Its complaints 
centre on the su bstantial 
lominee holdings which have 
been disclosed by Stock 
Exchange investigations into 
dealings in Westland shares. 
Those shares were yesterday 
voted in favour of the board, 
despite a strong warning from 
the Stock Exchange if 
they were in any way 
connected with the board, 
Sikorsky, or their main sup- 
porter, Hanson Trust, they 
should not be voted. 

But an indication that 
leading supporters of the 
European option accept that 


that three of them were 
represented by nominee ac- 
counts of Westland's stock- 
broker, Rowe A Pitman and 

HOW THE MAM 
SHAREHOLDERS VOTED 


For Sikorsky 
Hanson Trust 
Sikorsky-Rat 
Six u 

holders 7L 

Institutions on which 
Sikorsky has option 


14.99 

9.28 

unknown 

20(approx) 


at sacorsfcy 
Bristow 17 

s Bank/GEC 5S5 

i Scientific Holdings 4.8 


Most of the remaining shares 
are ttioutoit to have been 
voted in favour of the deal. 


the other three consisted of 
two UK bank nominees and 
one which represented the 
stockbroker. Scrimceour, 
Vickers. 

As to the idea tty of their 
clients, he said that Westland 
had made the usual enquiries 
but as yet had nothing to add 
to the Stock Exchange disclo- 
sure that three of the hold- 
ings were owned on behalf of 
Swiss companies. 

Westland win now go 
ahead with its plans to issue 
new shares to Sikorsky and 
Fiat. Mr Bill Paul, chief 
executive of Sikorsky, said 
last night that be was 
delighted by the shareholders' 
vote and by the confidence 
that Westland’s employees 
had shown in his company. It 
was now up to them all to get 
Westland back towards the 
important rote it had once 
had in the international 
helicoptor business. 

The overwhelming mood 
of those who attended the ■ 
meeting at London’s Con- 
naught Rooms was in sup- 
port of the chairman and his 
plans for the future of their 
company. The small share- 
holders present did not seem 
in the least concerned at the 
issue of nominee holdings 
which was occupying the 
rival consortium. Sir John 
said Westland still had just 
under 8,000 shareholders. 

Mr Bristow called the 
result a hollow victory for the 
Westland board. “These six 
very new shareholders will 
have a lot to answer for in 
the years to come because I 
believe that they win have 
voted today for a resolution 
which cannot be in the best 
interests of the nation and 
the Westland shareholders”, 
he said. 




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Smiles of victory from Mr Bin Paul of Sikorsky and his wife after the crucial vote. 


‘Victory’ on documents 


By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 


Members of the Select 
Committee on Defence yes- 
terday claimed an outright 
victory over the Government 
in the dispute over the 
release of two crucial docu- 
ments relating to the Wet- 
land affair. 

The committee received 
from the Department of 
Trade and Industry “most 
of” the October 4 minute 
from Mr Leon Brittan to the 
Prime Minister and a note 
dated October 18 about a 
meeting between Mr Brittan 
and Sir John Cockney, chair- 
man of Westland. 

Labour MPs on the com- 
mittee ridiculed suggestions 
by Government sources that 


it had not backed down and 
that the principle of confi- 
dentiality for such papers had 
been preserved. 

Dr John Gilbert, the senior 
Labour MP on the commit- 
tee, said that any idea that it 
had been fobbed off was 
“absolute balderdash”. 

He said: “The committee 
has received 100 per cent of 
what it needs — lute by line, 
paragraph by paragraph.” 

“It is a triumph for 
commonsense, a great victory 
for the committee, and it 
establishes a principle — that 
committees get the docu- 
ments they need,." 

The committee last week 
demanded the two docu- 


ments after Mr Michael 
Heseitine, the former Secre- 
tary of State for Defence, said 
that the summaries provided 
by the DTI were inadequate. 

Sir Humphrey Atkins, the 
chairman of tire committee, 
said last night that foe 
outcome was highly satisfac- 
tory. “Everything we wanted 
has been provided,” he said. 

But he said he believed any 
suggestion that the original 
summaries were misleading 
was without foundation, “in 
my view the summaries 
provide an entirely accurate 
reflection of the contents of 
both documents.” be said. 

Sikorsky's day, 

photographs, page 28 


TECATy 

56 WE/>, 



&}£ Pik Botha 

a in mystery 

mission 

Geneva — The South 
African Foreign Minister. Mr 
R.F. “Pik” Botha, is in 
Switzerland for two days “to 
meet foreign personalities 
whose identity has not been 
revealed”, according to the 
Swiss Foreign Minister, Mr 
Pierre Anbert (Alan 
McGregor writes). 

The US diplomatic mission 
here had “no comment” on 
reports that be was seeing Mr 
Chester Crocker, the Assis- 
tant Secretary of State for 
African Affairs, who has been 
trying to push for implemen- 
tation of UN resolutions on 
Namibia. 

Mr Botha is due to see Mr 
Anbert tomorrow in Bern 
and may afterwards meet Mr 
Fritz Leutwiler. former direc- 
tor of the Swiss National 
Bank and the mediator be- 
tween foreign banks and the 
South African Government 
on the country's debt repay- 
ments. 


Aquino objects to 
Reagan neutrality 


From David Watts, Manila 


Gandhi falters 

Indecisiveness by Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, the Indian Prime 
Minister, over petrol and 
food price rises led to strikes 
and a golden opportunity for 
his political enemies to attack 
him P*8« ^ 

Heart hope 

Researchers expect to devel- 
op medication for expectant 
mothers to prevent the devel- 
opment in children of con- 
genital heart disease Page 3 

Bombs quiz 

French police investigating 
bomb attacks in Paris in 
which more than 20 people 
were injured held about 50 
people for questioningPage 8 

Tax cut doubt 

Lower oil prices have dashed 
the Chancellor’s hopes for tax 
cuts this year, the Institute 
for Fiscal Studies says in its 
Budget briefing Page 17 

Gas alert 

Residents in Grangemouth, 
Scotland, were advised to 
stay indoors after bromine 
gas leaked from an IC7 
plant ^ 

Hone News 2-4 Leaden 
Overseas S.7A lewo 
Appu 14J9 Obituary 14 
Ans 15 parfiament 4 

Books 11 Sate Hoorn 14 

Kasims 17-20 Science M 
r«t 14 Swnr Reports 32 

ssr^'ii &. 2, -f 

E feats 32 TV A Radio 31 

Feafwvs Weather 32 

Law Report 14 ftSb 14 

<r * * <r * * 


Mrs Corazoo Aquino has 
delivered a stinging rebuke to 
President Reagan for his 
neutrality as she struggles to 
wrest the Philippines presi- 
dency from Mr Ferdinand 
Marcos. 

Responding to Mr 
Reagan’s remarks on the 
elections, a statement read on 
her behalf said yesterday. “I 
would wonder at the motives 
of a friend of democracy who 
chose to conspire with Mr 
Marcos to cheat the Filipino 
people of their liberation. 

“[ think not only Filipinos 
but tbe vast majority of die 
American people and their 
Congress would condemn 
any such action which so 
flagrantly assists in returning 
a people to their captivity.” 

Mrs Aquino estimated that 
fraudulent election surveyors, 
who toured Manila inquiring 
about people's voting inten- 
tions and then saw to it that 
all supporters of Mrs Aquino 


were removed from the lists 
of registered voters, had cost 
her one million ballots, or a 
quarter of the Manila vote. 

Another ten per cent of the 
vote had been lost through 
ballot-stuffing, flying voters 
and manufacturing of re- 
turns, with a further five per 
cent lost through “open 
thuggery and bribery that 
took place in some cases 
under the eyes of tbe foreign 
media and their cameras . 

Mrs Aquino, who is still 
leading the poll according to 
the count conducted by the 
National Movement for Free 
Elections, and losing it under 
the government count, said 
she would have got 80 or 90 
per cent in a fair election. 

She deplored Mr Reagan’s 
statement that there might 
have been fraud on both 
sides, saying there was no 
such evidence from his own 
observers. 

Leading article, page 13 


GMC plea 
halts 
Savage 
inquiry 

By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services 
Correspondent 

Tbe mqnny into allegations 
of professional incompetence 
against Mrs Wendy Savage, 
the consultant obstetrician at 
the London Hospital who has 
been suspended since last 
April was halted yesterday 
after an inter ve nti on by tire 
General Medical Council. 

Sir John Walton, President 
of the GMC warned of tbe 
cawrndTs “deep concern” 
about the disclosure of case 
records at tbe inquiry and foe 
identification of patients and 
their records in the media, in 
a letter to Mr Francis 
Cnmberledge, chairman of 
Tower Hamlets Health Au- 
thority, which is bedding foe 
inquiry. 

Last might the three mem- 
bers of the inqmry panel and 
Mr Camber! edge were at the 
General Medical Council try- 
ing to establish bow to 
proceed. 

At the opening of foe 
inquiry Professor Geddis 
Grndzmskas. Professor of 
Obstetrics at foe London 
Hospital, who helped draw np 
the charges against Mrs 
Savage, protested that it was 
“extremely difficult" for him 
to speak in public about 
confidential matters affecting 
patients. 

However the inquiry chair- 
man, Mr Christopher Bean- 
mom, said it had been 
decided to bold the inquiry in 
public and that foe media had 
been asked to refer to 
patients by their initials only. 

The inquiry has also re- 
ceived a threat of legal action 
from one of the patients, Mrs 
Denise Lewis, who protested 
at foe health authority using 
her personal records to attack 
Mrs Savage and at foe 
disclosure of them to people 
outside the authority 

She has said however that 
given the authority's action 
she now has no objection to 
her name being used. 


Channel treaty 
fixed link signed 



„ m 




Mrs Savage 


The role of private enter- 
prise in building tbe pro- 
posed Channel Tunnel is 
enshrined in the Chann el 
fixed link treaty, signed in 
Canterbury yesterday. While 
Mis Thatcher has made it 
dear that public money will 
not be used in building the 
link, tbe treaty indudes a 
provision for compensation if 
either government acts to 
cancel foe project. 

Questions were raised in 
Parliament about the extent 
of sucb compensation after 
the White Paper on the link 
was published. But so far 
there has been no official 
indication on foe subject 
from either government. 

A Foreign Office statement 
said: “The treaty will also 
enshrine foe private sector 
nature of the link and the 
concessionaires' right to com- 
pensation in the event, for 
example, of cancellation by 
either government”. 

The treaty itself wOl not be 
published until it has been 
ratified by Parliament, proba- 
bly in spring next year. 

Mrs Thatcher previously 
said the treaty signing cere- 
mony would take place in 
France, but some weeks ago 
it was decided to switch the 
ceremony to Canterbury. 

According to critics, the 
decision was intended as a 
gesture to try to appease 
opponents of the fixed link. 

Protest meetings have been 

Shares 
soar on 
bid fever 

The stock market soared to 
new highs yesterday on a 
renewed wave of bid fever. 
The FT 30-share index broke 
through the 1 ,200 level, 
closing at a record 1208.9. up 
17.5 points, an d the more 
broadly hased FTSE 100- 
share index rose 16.1 to 
1470.0. 

The Government's deci- 
sion to allow Hanson Trust's 
£1.8 billion bid for Imperial 
Group to go ahead boosted 
share prices. Rumours of 
massive counter-bids from 
America for both Imperial 
and United Biscuits also 
boosted sentiment 

The surge of tbe dollar has 
brought American invest- 
ment interest flooding back 
to Britain and has benefited 
the shares of groups like 
Jaguar, Imperial Chemical 
Industries, Glaxo and Bee- 
Cham. 

Hanson all-dear, page 17 
Bid fever, page 19 


held throughout East Kent 
while local Tory MPs voted 
against a Government mo- 
tion in tbe House of Com- 
mons on Monday to approve 
construction. 

The treaty provides for 
international safeguards to 
protect government interests 
in matters such as safety and 
environment during con- 
struction and operation. 

It also deals with matters 
of national jurisdiction and 
establishes arrangements for 
arbitration in foe event of 
disputes over interpretation 

Tunnel 'pilgrims’ 2 
Photograph 2 

of the treaty between the two 
governments and the con- 
structors. 

The treaty itself forms only 
one part of the legal arrange- 
ments necessary. 

A second document, cover- 
ing the British and French 
governments and the British 
and French arms of the 
tunnel consortium, win au- 
thorize the construction and 
operation of foe fixed link, 
while regulating its operation. 

The treaty also provides 
for animal and {riant health 
controls, and safety and 
emergency services. Further 
legislation is needed to give 
the Government power to 
acquire land and assert juris- 
diction over the middle of 
the tunnel. 


Nfdvice 
sought 
on pill 
rethink 

By Nicholas Timmins 

Health ministers were 
seeking orgeat legal advice 
yesterday over foe General 
Medical CormriTs new guid- 
ance on contraception for 
patients aged under ft. 

The GMC after legal 
advice, has said that a doctor 
may tell a girl's parents about 
her request for contraception 

if site is considered too 
immature to understand afl 
foe issues. It has forced 
ministers to reconsider foe 
revised guidance they were 
drawing up in the light of last 
year's judgement by foe Law 
Lords. 

Mr Barney Fiayhoe, Minis- 
ter for Health, told foe 
Commons that be hoped still 
to issue foe Department of 
Health's new goidance 
“shortly” 

The GMC has raised an 
issue which the Law Lords 
appear to have dealt with 
only by implication: whether, 
if a doctor considers a girl too 
immature, he may tell foe 
parents of the consultation. 

Whitehall sources said yes- 
terday that tbe question was 
at what point did a young 
teenager become someone 
who could be dealt with in 
her own right. 

Mr Hayhoe said that he 
would be taking the GMCs 
guidance into account 

Mrs Gwyneth Dnnwoody, 
Labour MP for Crewe and 
Nantwkh, said it was essen- 
tial that patients* confidenti- 
ality should be respected. “If 
that is not so we shall get 
more and more ^legitimate 
children because there is no 
faith in foe confidentiality of 
doctors”. 

Miss Jo Richardson, la- 
bour MP for Barking, said 
that foe GMCs decision 
made foe position worse than 
before Mis Victoria Gillick 
started her cam paign. It was 
“virtually a licence for doc- 
tors to do as they like”. 

The GMC's goidance 
emphasizes that a doctor may 
only inform die parents vriien 
he considers a patient too 
immature to understand foe 
issues involved, after taking 
into account “foe patient's 
best medical interests and foe 
trust the patient places ia the 
doctor”. 

The Brook advisory cen- 
tres, which runs 19 clinics in 
England and Scotland, yes- ■ 
terday promised that its f 
doctors would not tell parents 
about visits from girls aged , 
under 16, against foe patient's 
wishes. 

A spokesman said: “We 
always try and persuade 
young people to involve their 
parents if we possibly can, 
and we will continue to do so. 
But there is no question of ns 
breaching confidentiality with 
any of our clients. 

“The GMCs new guidance 
does not say that doctors 
have to tell foe parents If they 
consider a grri too immature. 

It only says that they may do 
so." 



Shcharansky campaigns for family’s freedom 


Fthb Ian Murray 
Jerusalem 

Almost the first thing Mr 
Nathan Shcharansky - as he 
now wishes to be known - has 
done since arriving here I s to 
open a campaign to bring his 
mother and toother oat of the 
Sonet Union. 

His wife, A vital, who led 
foe <T*iMpfligu for his own 

^r^^Uy *■- 

phoned President Reagan 
yesterday to enlist bis sap- 
port and influence 
Mr Shcharansky has also 
pledged to work for the 
Of the 400.000 otter 
Soviet Jews who haw been 
refused erif «sas- 
More details about Iris 


release have emerged. A 
month before be was freed, 
Mr Shcharansky told Israeli 
officials, he noticed that his 
diet bad started to improve 
enormously and he ga in ed 19 
kflogrammes in weight. 

Although he was not told 
officially that he was to be 
freed, he realized that it was 
likely. However, it was not 
until foe United States Am- 
bassador in East Germany 
visited him in Berlin on 
Monday that be learnt offi- 
cially for foe first fone that 
he was to be exchanged. 

According to Mr Uri Sarir, 
a dose aide of Mr Shimon 
Feres, foe Israeli Prime 


Minister, doctors who hare 
checked Mr Shcharansky 
store his release have been 
smprised to find how well he 
is, afthoagh he is to he given 
a series of hospital tests 
shortly to see if he needs 
treatment for any lasting 
effects of his years in 
captivity. 

Mr Savir said: “We were 

amazed at how tadd, how 
controlled and bow eloquent 
he was after all foal had 
happened to him. If yon had 
not known he had just come 
oat of prison you wo uld never 
have guessed h from the way 
he spoke and reacted. But he 
has come amt of some kind of 


inferno, you could sense 
that.” 

0 MOSCOW: Mr 
Shcharansky told his family 

to a telephone cal] from 
Jerusalem of his last days m 
captivity, Us brother Leonid 
said yesterday (Reuter re- 
ports). 

He said that Mr 
Shcharansky bad said that be 
was rushed by agents of the 
Soviet KGB secret police oa 
Janeary 22 from a labour 
camp near foe central Rus- 
sian city of Peym, and was 
not allowed to take any of his 
possessions with him. 

He was kept in a Moscow 
prison until February 10, 
then flows to East Berlin, 


where be was handed over to 
East German security police 
for his release. 

Mr Leonid Shcharansky 
said that bis brother seemed 
extremely tired, and had said 
that he had been treated Bke 
a spy during his last days in 
captivity. 

He said that his brother 
was deprived of his Soviet 
citizenship sore kk plane had 
left Soviet airspace..Mr 
Sbcharansky's mother, Mrs 
Ida Mflgrom, said that she 
and Leonid would be going to 
Ovir. foe passport office off 
the Interior Ministry, to ask 
ahont joining him. 

Photograph, page 8 


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Ittfc 1 lMt& lHUKSUAr t*JfcJ&K.UAKY 1.3 1V00 


Younger to seek US 
alternatives to Nimrod 
early warning system 


Tunnel’s Canterbury tale 


By Robin Young 


By Rodney Cowton , Defence Correspondent 

Mr George Younger, Secrc- ministry is likely to discuss fails 
tary of Slate for Defence, is with GEC is how 


to seek estimates of the cost 
of acquiring United States 
alternatives to the 
£L00Qmillion Nimrod air- 
borne early warning system 
which has been under devel- 
opment since 1977. 


No statement was issued 
after a Cabinet overseas and 
defence committee meeting 
yesterday, chaired by the 
Prime Minister, but it is 
likely that there win be 
further discussions between 
the Ministry of Defence and 
the main contractor, GEC 
Avionics. 


ministry is likely to discuss 
with GEC is how, and at 
whose expense, work might 
proceed on the Nimrod 
project while oilers are being 
sought on the alternative US 
systems, the Airborne Warn- 
ing And Control System 
(Awacs) now in service with 


&ils to achieve the perfor- 
mance standards within an 
agreed time. 


Critics of the plan to seek 
estimates for the alternative 
US systems argue that only 
Awacs is broadly comparable 
to Nimrod, even if in some 


Nato, the Lockheed P-X respects it foils to meet RAF 
Orion, and the E-2C Hawk- requirements. 


eye operated by the US 
Navy. 


kely that there win be There is scepticism as to 
irther discussions between whether GEC can bring the 
ie Ministry of Defence and Nimrod up to RAF perfbr- 
le main contractor, GEC nurnce standards and minis- 
vionics. ten are understood to be 

GEC has proposed a three- to Provide only limit- 

ar, £340milJion develop- finance ***& .the US 
ent nmerammp r» ha« alternatives are studied. 


year, £340million develop- 
ment programme. It has 
considerably modified its po- 
sition in the past week, 
agreeing to accept a fixed 
price commitment to achieve 
specified performance stan- 
dards where it had previously 
sought a six-month period in 
which to prove that possible 
solutions would be effective. 

One subject which the 


It is estimated that the cost 
of purchasing six Awacs 
could be about fLOOOmillion. 

Although GEC has been 
severely criticized for foiling 
to bring Nimrod up to RAF 
performance standards, it is 
clear that the blame must 
also be shared by the Minis- 
try of Defence. 


Ministers are believed to From the earliest days of 
be demanding that the com- the project, the ministry 


pany should accept more recognized that the computer 
severe penalty provisions if it it had installed was likely to 
foils to achieve those stan- limit the ability of the 


dards, although it is thought aircraft's systems to fulfil all 
that even under present the tasks required of it But it 


proposals the company could consistently refused to agree 
be Liable for more than to the installation of a more 


£40million in Hanwha if it powerful and foster system. 


MPs look 
at leak 
of report 


Race hate Bill 
worries editors 


By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 

MPs are expected to decide 
within the next few days 
whether the leak of a contro- 
versial draft parliamentary 
report on nuclear waste, 
which was published in The 
Times, should be referred to 


By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
News paper editors have inserted largely because of 
expressed concern to the fears expressed by the guild 
Home Office that they will be that the provisions might 
at risk of prosecution over otherwise impede bonafide 
articles on racism, under the journalism.” 

Public Order Bill now going Despite assurances from 
through the Commons. the Home Office that this 


Many English and French 
reporters and photographers 
vended their way to Canter- 
bury on pilgrimage yesterday 
in the hope of seeing the 
President of France and the 
Prime Minister of Britain 
sign the Channel fixed link 
treaty, committing their gov- 
. enunents to borrowing a 
Channel *wim«>i_ 

In the event they were 
disappointed, since all that 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher and 
President Mitterrand signed 
were a succession of vhrita re* 
books. 

The French constitution 
debars the President from 
signing foreign treaties al- 
though be is allowed to 
or ratify 

Aecordingly, the treaty was 
signed by Sir Geoffrey Howe 
and the French Minister for 
External Relations M Ro- 
land Dumas. 

Mrs Th at ch e r, who at feast 
three times described the 
event as “an historic 
occasion**, and President 
Mitterrand appended their 

signatures to the visitors’ 

books of King’s School, the 
Vice-Dean of Canterbury at 
the Deanery, and of Canter- 
bury Cathedral itself. 

After everyone had 
what they could, Mrs Thatch- 
er said in a speech that the 
first Channel fink promoter 
was Napoleon Bonaparte. 

Mrs Thatcher concluded 
with 10 sentences in studied 
French, telling M Mitterrand s 
that the treaty marked a new j 
chapter in industrial coDabo- < 
ration and was a si gnificanf | 
event far the whole ofEurope. ( 
M Mitterrand, in an ex- i 
pansive speech entirely In s 
French and replete with , 
Gallic band eestmes. re- « 



ICE 

plant 


'■ |D CO 


The ^ Mhu ster an d fteridmt Mitterrand in Canterbury yesterday 

copies of the newly signed Channel .tmmel treaty (PhotograpfoBforrylSo; * 


Thomas Becket, the Entente 
Cordiafe, and surprise, sur- 
prise, Joan of Arc. He said 
the treaty represented “an 
important milestone hi the 
history of our two peoples**. 

Outside, Oe people of 
Kent, to whom Mrs Thatcher 


chanted; “Fr oggy . Froggy. 
Froggy, Out, Ont, OaL” 
There was one arrest, and 
one policeman was slightly 
injured in a distnr- 

bance. 

• A cottage in the village of 
Newington, dose to the 


addressed special words of Cberiton terminal of the 
r e aSS ° r ** P j C - e abont her proposed tunnel, has already 


Government's concern for 
their environment and fotare 
employment, were rodferons 
in their opposition to the 
scheme. 

As the official cars arrived 
eggs were thrown. One hit 


hearsed historic rderences of President Mitterrand's Rolls- 
Jus own. They mdnded St Royce, while tin crowd 


been bought by the Channel 

Tmmel Group ami famished 

for a member of staff involved 
in the construction of bu3dimt 
the Imlr. 

It is ' the first of many 


and Frogholt. Their 90 pr®g~ 
erties are not directly affected 
by tile bnOding of the 
terminal but might be blight- 
ed because of their proximity 
to its construction. 

A Folkestone firm of char- 
tered surveyors, Daniel 
Smith, has been instructed to 
offer to buy any property 
properties in the villages at 
the open market value which 
would have applied had the 
terminal not been buDt The 
offer runs for 10 years so that 
householders do not need to 


Police officers and local 
ratfio stations in Scotland put 
out warnings to the 
Beancross area of Grange- 
motzzh yesterday after a leak 
of bromine gas from the ici 
works near by. 

Householders were advised 
lo stay indoors, to dose all 
windows and doors and to 
move upstairs until the 
emergency was over. 

- ICI said that an internal 
inquiry monitored by the 
Industrial Pollution Inspec- 
torate had begun to discover 
why the gas, used in the 
manufacture of dye-stuff for 
textiles, escaped from a pipe 
in which it was carried under 
pressure. 

The leak was brought 
under control, wilbin 10 
min ut e s by dosing valves. 

The company said that the 
gas could have caused irrita- 
tion to the eyes and throat, 
nausea and alarm. 

The windless conditions 
yesterday meant that the 
bromine drifted towards 
houses in the Beancross area 
and the major incident plan 
for Grangemouth was 
brought into action. 

An official said; “Alter 
about twenty minutes detec- 
tor vans could find no trace 
of the gas”. 

No one outside the ICI 
plant was reported to have 
suffered symptoms of bro- 
mine poisoning. 


-siu* 


1 


I .ICC 

hah 


transactions expected in the feel they are muter pressure 
coming m o nt h s in the three " to h»i» a derision nnmedi- 


r tors may face prosecution for 
committec of possessing solicited or unso- 
s— i— licited material of a racially 


The Guild of British News- safeguard phrase would be 
paper Editors says that edi- inserted into the new Bill, it 


An investigation into the 
leak concluded yesterday that 
it constituted a “serious 
interference*' with the work 
of the Commons environ- 
ment select committee. 

The leaked report, which 
appeared in The Times on 
December 16, hi g hli ght!*! the 
select committee’s concern 
that Britain's nuclear indus- 
try is “virtually light years” 
.behind those in other coun- 
tries in dealing with the safe 
. disposal of waste. 

The publication of the 
leaked report infuriated Sir 
Hugh Rossi, the Conserva- 
tive committee chair man 
who considered resigning or 
not proceeding with the 
report. 

Sir Hugh, MP for Hornsey 
and Wood Green, hopes to 
raise the leak this afternoon 
with Mr Bernard Weatherill, 
Speaker of the Commons. 


licited material of a racially 
inflammatory nature which 
they have kept either for their 
records or for writing articles 
on racialism. 

The Bill extends the of- 
fence of incitement to racial 
hatred to publication or 
distribution of material likelv 


for had been left out 
so- “Our concern is that this is 
dly in order to make it easier for 
iefa prosecutions to be brought." 
eir The guild had sought an 
(es explanation from the Home 
Office but had not so for 
of- received any reply. If no 
ial satisfactory reply was re- , 
or ceived, editors would be I 


Defeat on 
trading 
accepted 


villages of Newington, Peene 


Grant for play 
refused 


Catholic ruling on Split by 
handicapped care arc ^“ te ^ s 

»>y doctors or by llVCllCd 


By Stephen Goodwin, 
political staff. 


nairea to publication or caved, editors would be The Govern™ 
distribution of material likely lobbying MPs for the phrase i v to 
or intended to stir up racial to be inserted. ZJSJSfJZZ 


hatred. 

It will also become an 
offence to possess such mate- 
rial with a view to its 
publication or distribution, 
and the police will be given 
new powers to search for and 
seize it, with the courts able 
to order forfeiture. 

Mr David Newell, the 
Guild's parliamentary secre- 
tly, said yesterday: “The old 
offence of incitement to 
racial hatred in the Race 
Relations Act, 1976, included 
the qualifying phrase ‘having 
regard to all the 
circumstances', which was 


# The guild is also con- 
cerned that the Local Gov- 
ernment Bill now going 
through the Lords “may 
inhibit local authorities’ rela- 
tionship with the press and 
stifle their attempts to com- 
municate with - their 
electorate.” 

The Bill and its codes of 
practice are aimed at curbing 
party-political advertising by 
local authorities. But the 
“publicity” covered by the 
code issued by the Depart- 
ment of the Environment 
includes also press releases 
and council reports. 


accepted ussoe =** “ - * 

„ _ . _ .. Correspoisiant Where either breaks with . By Charles Kneritt 

By s€»nen i Goodwin, New-born babies with se- that principle, the other Architecture Correspondent 

political staff. vere physical defects may not should insist mi it, and Dissident community ar- 

be deprived of food and care nurses must not co-operate chitects demanded assurances 
The Government is unlike- m order that they should die, with procedures designed to from the Royal Institute of 
to use its Commons according to an official slate- terminate life. If necessary, British Architects yesterday 
ajority to overturn Tuesday mem on medical ethics from nurses should go to the that they would be allowed to 
gilt's embarrassing defeat in the Roman Catholic Church police, the statement says, determine their own affairs. 


majority to overturn Tuesday 
night's embarrassing defeat in 
the House of Lords on its 
Sunday trading legislation. 

Former prime minister the 
Earl of Stockton joined oppo- 
sition and cross-bench peers 
to cany by a one-vote margin 
an amendment to the Shops 
Bill which preserves existing 
safeguards for Sunday work- 
ers. 

But last night Government i 
sources said they would 
probably “swallow the 
defeat” and not try to reverse 
the amendment when the Bill 
is considered in the Com- 
mons. 


Woman begged gunmen for mercy 

rmm TK.l I — — » 


the Roman Catholic Church 
published today. 

Doctors are under no 
obligation, however, to pro- 
long life regardless of the 
circumstances, it states. 

They are entitled to avoid 
“burdensome’* treatment; 
they may make choices 
between cases where re- 
sources are scarce; and they 
may decline to pe rfo r m 
surgery when there is no 
reasonable hope of some 
benefit 

The statement was drawn 
up by a joint committee 
representing the Roman 
Catholic Church in England 
and Wales, Ireland, and 
Scotland, under the chair- 


determine their own affair s 


avcrt “? ** 


The Government has re- 
fused a theatre a £3,000 grant 
because Naigo, the council 
workers’ union, is using its 
sponsorship of a play to 
promote a political message. 

The Crucible Theatre In 
Sheffield had been given 
£3,000 by Naigo for a 
production of Bertolt Brecht's 
The Resistible Rise of Arturo 
Ui, which opens today. The 
union has mounted an exhi- 
bition in the foyer and has 
written _ a p rogram me note 
comparing actions in the play 
with present public service 
cuts. 


Parleys test 


Roman Catholic ethics are in threat of setting up a break- 
line, the statement adds. T * ’ ^ 


Jim* uic SUHCUICUI boos. Ufaway organization to renre- 
is a mistake to think that sent foetrintaWts. . 


murder is only committed a decision to form a new 


Hatton file 
sent to DPP 


- * _ , Uf XVII Ut a new 

when death is caused by Institute could have caused 

S? SIP-ificaM split in 


fM M , — — - UIV UIUOI MJUl HI 

suffice for doctors ordering a the profession for 40 years, 
regimen of sedation and Community architecture 
Starvation, or for nurses came to prominence 1 two 


acting on doctors* orders, to 
plead that they were doing no 


prominence 


years ago when the Prince, of 
I Wales publicly endorsed, dirr- 


5”, ^ a UJyiBg om in S his controversial 
rented wishes. “carbuncle” speech, the way 

^mce parents have a duty some architects were involv- 
to care for their child, they ing the users of buildings in 
cannot lawfully request, or design and management 


From Richard Ford 
Belfast 


A Roman Catholic woman 
told yesterday how she plead- 
ed with masked terrorists to 
spare her life after they had 
murdered an off-duty Ulster 
policeman and a barman in 
her family's public house. 

As Da Constable Derek 
Breen and John McCabe lay 
dying on the floor, the 
woman got down on her 
knees and begged the men 
not to kiD her because she 
had four children. 

Mrs Bernadette Trainor 
said yesterday: “These people 
are sick Who do they think 
they are?" 

The gunmen struck at the 
Talk of the Town bar at 
Maguiresbridge, Co Ferman- 


Since the Anglo-Irish 
■Sreereent was signed on 
November IS there have been 
14 deaths, compared with 11 
in the same period in 1984- 
85, 54 shootings compared 
wills 77 and 36 explosions 
compared with 18. 

The Provisional IRA 
Launched a campaign of 


bombing RUC stations and 
"anting contractors against 
■adertaking repairs. Since 
tire agreement there have 
been a number of arms finds, 
“chiding three dumps uncov- 
ered south of the bonier with 
the seizure of 120 weapons 
and 80,000 rounds of ammu- 
nition. 


of the injured soldiers and 
said that by visiting she could 
“at least express a commit- 
ment shared by millions in 
the UK to your search for a 
more tranquil and more 


manship of the Archbishop of fore of the Handicapped New- 
Glasgow, Mgr Thomas Win- borr f P ar f rU ^ i responsibility 
ning. ana medical responsibility 


Tbe threatened split would 
their chifo be deprived of have come at an embanass- 

JvSFjER „ . ing time for the institute 


Sr Wag = sjUas 

r m ■ • mac m fwmvdrn n otiimr /vf 


A police ffle on Mr Derek 
Hatton, deputy leader of 
Liverpool Gty Council, was 
sent yesterday to the Director 
of Public Prosecutions. . _ 
The move came after a 
! second session of questioning 
iri two weeks by fraud squad 
detectives investigating alle- 
gations Of financial ima gnlar . 
i ties. Mr Hatton, 
accompanied by two lawyers, 
was interviewed at 
Merseyside police headquar- 
ters for five hours yesterday 

Error in birth 


set star's d 

i»astc of ta 


It lays down the principle 
that every infant, whatever 
its condition, has certain 
rights which cannot be set 


(Catholic Bishops* Joint ™ to P re P are ? study of 
Committee on Bio-ethical Is- how to revive the inner a ties. 


by hospital 


sues: Catholic Media Office, I The new organization was 


Ash lead Lane, Godaiming, Sur- 1 due to be launched at 


rey; 6 Op). 


prosperous life. There can be 
few communities anvwhne 


agh, on Tuesday night as 
Constable Breen, aged 29, 


married with a daughter a ged 
nine months, was about to 
telephone his wife to tell her 
he would be home shortly. 

The policeman, from 
Lisbellaw, Co Fer managh 
was having a regular drink 


despite warnings from col- 
leagues that he should vary 
his routine. 

The masked men burst 
into the bar and singled him 
out before shooting him at 
poimblank range in front of 
nine other customers. 

Then they sprayed more 
bullets, killing Mr McCabe, 
aged 25 and married six 
months ago, who came from 
Ballyconndl, Co Cavan, in 
the Irish Republic. 

Two years ago Mr McCabe 
was involved in an incident 
in which terrorists, believed 
to have included Dominic 


McGlincfaey, tied him up, put CastleweUan, Co Down. 


dumping the car, leaving him 
locked in the boot 

n Mrs Tremor's parents 
run the bar, which was 
destroyed by an inc endiar y 
device left by the terrorists. 
She said of the dead RUC 
officer “He was one of the 
best" 

The bar was one of only 
two run by Roman Caholics 
in the village, where commu- 
nity relations have up to now 
been good. 

A few hours later, three 
soldiers were injured by a 
Provisional IRA bomb as a 
foot patrol walked through 


him in the boot of his car 
and drove 20 mDes before 


Yesterday the Duchess of 
Kent visited the wives of two 


few communities anywhere 
that deserve it more." 

The killings were con- 
demned by Mr Peter Barry, 
the Irish Republic’s Minister 
for Foreign Affairs, who 
dined in London last night 
with Mr Tom King, Secretary 
of State for Northern Ireland. 

But Unionists said that the 
incidents were part of an 
upsurge in terrorism as a 
result of the Anglo-Irish 
agreement 

Mr Ken Maginnis, Official 
Unionist MP for Fe rmanag h 
and South Tyrone, said that 
Unionists would have to take 
the administration of Ulster 
into their own hands and 
assume responsibility for 
their own areas. He refused 
to say whether be was talking 
about a declaration of inde- 
pendence or merely Unionist 
security patrols. 


Bill urges 
jailing 
reform 


New party to break Irish mould 


At the bar of one of the 
Irish Republic's luxury ho- 
tels, two well dressed, and 
well heeled, women sat over 
white wine and Dover sole, 
discussing a phenomenon 
that has severely shaken the 
country’s main political par- 
ties (Richard Ford writes). 


ties (Richard Ford writes). 

Both were convinced 
“Dessie” could make it and 
both planned to join his 
attempt to break the mould 
of Irish political life and 
“build a new republic". 
Thousands more are being 
drawn to a series of rallies 
held by the Progressive Dem- 
ocrats, who in just eight 
weeks have become the 
fourth largest party in the 
Dail, claim to have 14.000 
members and to be attracting 
funds running into four 
figures daily. 



Mr Des O’ MaBey, a new 
Irish party leader. 


The latest opinion poll 
gives the party, the PD, 
formed by Mr Desmond 
O^jjalley, 25 per cent of first 
preference votes, compared 
wlh 23 per cent for Dr 
Garret FitzGerald's Fine 
Gad party. And while Fianna 
Fail has 42 per cent, the 
impact of Mr O'Malley's 
party would be to deprive bis 


old adversary, Mr Charles 
Haughey, of the overall 
majority that has eluded him 
in the past three general 
elections. 


Even if support for the PD 
drops, as most politicians 
expect it will when it puts 
forward policies, it could 
hold the balance of power 
after the next general elec- 
tion, due before November 
1988. Such a position opens 


the prospect of a coalition 
with Fianna Fail but without 
Mr Haughey as leader or a 
replacement of Labour as -a 
partner of Fine Gael in 
government. 

The party was born from 
unsuccessful struggles to de- 
pose Mr Haughey as leader, 
in which Mr O'Malley was a 
prominent instigator. He was 
expelled from the organiza- 
tion for abstaining on mea- 
sures to liberalize family 
planning laws and began 
thinking of forming a new 
party last year after receiving 
2,000 letters backing his 
position, and after an opinion 
poll showing 39 per cent 
support for the idea of a 
party led by himself 
Mr O’Malley is a deputy 
from Limerick, who became 
Minister for Justice at the see 
of 31 in the aftermath of the 
amts crisis of 1970. The PD 
blend of politics is a mixture 
of right-wing economics and 
liberal positions on social 
issues, which will involve tax 
reform, cuts in public spend- 
ing, clear distinction between 
church and State, the need 
for a limited form of divorce 
and general support for the 
Anglo-Irish agreement as a 


peaceful approach to the 
North. 

Launched on 1 an Ie£ 5,000 
overdraft the pany arrived 
on the republic’s political 
. scene at a time when there 
are many ‘don’t know 11 voters 
and where, with half the 
population under 25, there is 
a growing number of young 
people unhappy with ihe 
conservatism of Irish society 
and its two main political 
parties, with their roots in the 
civil war. 

• Support for the Anglo- 
Irish agreement continues to 
grow in the Irish Republic, 
but the latest opinion poll on 
the deal giving Dublin a 
consultative role in the affair s 
of the North indicates that a 
huge 81 per cent of Protes- 
tants oppose the deal, with 
only 8 per cent in favour and 
1 1 per cent undecided, com- 
pared with 72 per cent 
suppon from Roman Catho- 
lics, 12 per cent against and 
16 per cent don’t know. 

Overall, the poll conducted 
among 1.000 people in the 
North reveals 54 per cent of 
those questioned against the 
agreement. 33 per cent in 
favour and 13 per cent with 
no opinion. 


By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 
Correspondent 

A Bill is to be introduced 
into the Lords to tighten 
guidelines for courts on 
custodial sentencing. 

Mr Robert Krlroy-Silk, 
chairman of the parliamenta- 
ry all-party penal affairs 
group, said that Mr Douglas 
Hurd, the Home Secretary, 
had promised to consider the 
Bill sympathetically after 
meeting him yesterday. Mr 
Hurd recognized that there 
was a case for change; but 
could give no commitment 
until the Bill was published. 

The demand for change 
arises from three criteria in 
the Criminal Justice Act, 

1 982. The parliamentary 
group believes safeguards do 
not go far enough. On 
December 31 last year, there 
were 9,144 offenders under 
21 serving custodial sen- 
tences in England and Wales. 

The criteria for custody are 
that the offender appears to 
be unable or unw illing to 
respond to non-custodial 
measures; custody is neces- 


Record air 
passenger 
increase 


By Onr Industrial 
Correspondent 


record 


national community architeo- 

lure conference planned for 

qim the autumn, but members of 
1 1 the _ institute’s co mmuni ty 

architecture group are now 
rpv* awaiting a formal response to 

|Vl their demands. 

Trouble has been brewing 
IP for years over what some 

^ younger members of the 

al institute regard as its reluc-. 

t tance to give wholehearted 

million support to what is still 


people used the seven British regarded by many as a radical 
Airport Authority airports in alternative to traditional 


England and Scotland last L practice. 

year, a rise of 6.1 per cent f . Community architects be- 


Flgures released by the u ^ve that the profession 
BAA show that domestic needs to climb down from its 


routes recorded the 
passenger increase, of 


jest wry tower to deal with 
per some of the most pressing 


Rotherham District Gener- 
al Hospital, which locked its 
doors, leaving a mother to 
give birth to a baby outside, 
admitted yesterday that it 
was at foulL 

There had “been a break- 
down in the internal system 
for passing on information”, 
Mr Douglas CaldwelLthe 
hospital's general manager, 
said- 

Drink victim 

A boy aged 1 1 from 
Newton Abbot, Devon, was 
being treated in Torbay 
Hospital for alcoholic poison- 
ing yesterday, 10 days after 
the police in the South-west 
launched a campaign a gains t 

under-age drinking. 


cent. North American routes problems of local groups, 
rose by 2.4 per cent in particularly in the inner 
December, the first increase cities. 


December, the first increase cities. 

for three months. • The RIBA’s policy com- 


The three London airports, otittee decided yesterday not 
Heathrow, Gatwick and 10 sponsor Mr Rod Hackney, 


Stansted, handled three mil - as president of the Interna^ 
lion more passengers last tional Union of Architects 


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Man in the news 

Leading the farmers into battle 


By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent 


Mr Simon Gourlay, who 
cceeded Sir Richard Butler 


uuu me onemier appears to succeeded Sir Richard Butler 
beunable or unwilling to as president of the National 
respond to non-custodial Farmers’ Union yesteidav 
custody . is neces- takes charge at a tune when 
smy for the protection of the relations between the Gov- 

w-rirn^c °flcnoe is so ernment and the farming 

serious thai a non-custodial community have seldom 


sentence cannot be justified. 

Research has shown that 
most magistrates and 
magistrates’ clerks have wel- 
comed the measures. 

But some courts have 
applied the criteria loosely. 
Offenders have been sent to 
custody when their only 
previous sentence has been a 
conditional discharge or they 
have committed minor theft. 

The group proposes to add 
the criterion that the public 
needs to be protected “from 
serious harm”. Another 
change proposed is that the 
offender would have to have 
a history of failure to respond 
to non-custodial penalties. 


been more strained. 

Sir Richard had the misfor- 
tune to succeed Sir Henry 
Plumb in 1979 when farmers’ 
incomes were starting to Ta ke 
a turn for the worse after the 
euphoric early years of 
Britain's membership of the 
EEC. He is a pleasant man 
but lacks the charisma of his 
colourful predecessor, who is 
now leader of the Conserva- 
tive group in the European 
Parliament, and he will 
doubtless be happy to retire 
to his 1,500-acre farm in 
Essex 



defend the interests of the 
allegedly efficient British pro- 
ducer against the army of 
European peasant farmers, 
who are the real drain on the 
agriculture budget 
Third, they are being urged 
to adopt less intensive farm- 
ing methods and to assume a 
now role as wardens of the 
countryside without any 
guarantee of financial com- 
pensation. 



uiicnaer would nave to have In . 

f ft hiS S y0f S- ,, ? c,0,esp0I,d seen to^ha^T had a^irij 
10 straightforward «uh to teSd 
* g r £? t !$£ 0 2 wouW * conSred^Si 1 tbit i££ 

that if the offender was aeed confmme 


21 or over the court would 
have imposed a prison sen- 
tence for the offence. 



confronts Mr Gourlay. To 
present the case for fanning 
to an unsympathetic Govern- 
ment. which believes farmers 


ftfr Simon Gonrlay, nfy 
president of the National 
Farmers* Union. 

to be pampered and over- 
protected, is a task that has 
prompted people to ask why 
anyone would want the 
presidency at this g*a gr 
Panners have three main 
grievances. The fina is that 
the Government apparently 
believes that the best way to 
curb over-production is to 
unpose the discipline of the 
free market which, farmers 
say. will serve only to force 
more family farms out of 
business. 


Mr Gouriay’s outspoken 



and somewhat abrasive style 
may well serve better than Sir 
Richard’s urbanity. He comes 
from a non-farming family 
background and from j the 
opposite side of the country, 
owning a mixed herd of dairy > 
and beef cattle and 330 acres 
of cereals and fodder beet in 
the foothills of the Welsh 
mountains. 




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is assaj-iasfe Lflwc 


A Wykehamist whose bob- 
bnes include gardening, mu- 
sic, and hill walking , he is die 
antithesis of the straw-chew- 
ing rustic. . But he can- be a . 
tough negotiator, as farm 
workers who remember his j* 
leadership . of • the. -employe's 




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Researchers find clues 
to combating 
inherited heart disease 


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Researches are within a 
few yeas of developing a 
medication which, when giv- 
en to expectant mothers, 
would prevent the develop, 
meni of congenita] hean 
disease tn their children. 

The team of scientists in a 
London hospital is also close 
to being able to identify 
families at high risk of having 
such children. Parents could 
then be advised on the 
dilemma of whether or not to 
have a baby. 

At present eight children 
m every thousand are bora 
wih serious heart defects. 
Ninety per cent of the 
conditions are unexplained 
and cannot be treated except 
through complex surgery. 

.Tor many children, repeat- 
ed operations, impaired qual- 
ity of life and reduced life 
expectancy are unavoidable. 

Doctors at St George's 


Hospital have found by 
examining adults who have 
undergone surgery for heart 
conditions that half of the 
patients have ah inherited 
deficiency of an essential 
protein, called " collagen, 
which allows the heart and 
Wood vessels to stretch while 
still retaining their 'strength. 

By taking tiny samples of 
wm from these patients, who 
suffered from conditions such 
as hole in the heart, and 
studying them, the research- 
ers have been able to show 
that collagen deficiency was 
the cause of mitral valve 
prolapse, the most common 
of all congenital heart defects. 

. Dr Anne Child, a clinical 
geneticist who is leading the 
team . at St George's, said 
yesterday: “We are now 
looking for a form of medica- 
tion which can correct the 
abnormal biochemistry and 


Hepatitis vaccine to 
protect babies 

By Our Soda] Services Correspondent 


m ■ v 

Ini'S ' I. 
nter-. r.-. .‘.j* 
** . 

fr-v-.t.-:-- 
Mt -f-wTir 1 


“.■v ' 


bv 


rant for j 

refusej 


A vaccine to {noted babies 
'from hepatitis B was 
launched yesterday. ■ 

Viral hepatitis affects about 
■■ 1,000 patients a year in 
■Britain, of whom several 
dozen die and np to 10 per 
cent of whom re main chronic 
carriers of the dima^g , aide to 
infect others even though 
they appear welL 
It can cause severe liver 
.damage and can lead to 
;cirrtaosis and Ever cancer for 
-chronic earners. 


An adult vaccine 
the virus was introduced by 
Merck Sharp and Dohme in 
1982, and yesterday the 
company announced that a 
version of the vaccine fen* 
babies had been approved. 

Vaccinating at bulb the 
babies of mothers who are 
chronic carriers of the virus 
would not only help to 
protect the babies but also 
contribute towards eradicat- 
ing the disease, the company 
said. 


make the collagen stronger. 
In the fairly near future this 
could be given to expectant 
mothers known to -be at risk, 
in order to prevent congenital 
defects developing in their 
children. 

■ “Such 8 treatment could be 
available within the next five 
to 10 years, it would repre- 
sent a tremendous benefit to 
families vulnerable to this 
group of hereditary 
conditions.” 

The research project is 
being funded by Coida, the 
hean charity. A spokesman 
for the charity said yesterday: 
“We are concentrating our 
support for work in the 
prevention of heart disease 
and believe this is one of the 
most exciting projects pres- 
ently being undertaken." 

Dr Child sai± “Until now. 
we have had to wait for a 
child to be born with a hean 
defect to know that the 
family has an hereditary 
problem: The prospects are 
that fairly soon we can tell 
couples that the risk exists 
and help them in the very 
d iff cult decision abom wheth- 
er to become parents." 

The researchers have al- 
ready carried out tests in- 
volving Vitamin C in the 
search for a treatment for 
pregnant women. 

The vitamin has been 
shown to stimulate collagen 
in a minority of cases, and 
work is under way to find a 
more effective means of 
encouraging the natural pro- 
duction of collagen. 



Lord Wilson of Rfevaoix taking .his 
cae for action from Francesca Aairis, 
the actress, on the set of as Anglia 
Television play. Lord Wilson has 
been hired by Anglia to play himse lf 
in a drama serial about the k«*h^ for 
control of a fictional Fleet Street 
newspaper. Hie former Prime 
Minister’s role is to present an 
award to a top foreign corres po ndent. 


played in the serial by Miss Antals. 
Lord Wilson delivers a paean of 
praise to front-line journalists. The 
serial, written by Mr Peter Ransley, 
a fanner journalist, who scripted the 
drama The Price, is based on a 
millionaire entrepreneur and pub- 
lisher, played by Roy Marsdeo, who 
is attempting to take over the 
imaginary Sunday Register. The 


titled owner is played by Harry 
Andrews. Lord Wilson did far* 
initial problems in his unusual 
employment as a screen star. Equity, 
the actor’s anion, only recently 
withdrew an objection that he was 
taking away actors’ work, enabling 
the shooting to go ahead at the 
Ocean ballrooms. Great Yarmouth. 
The serial is doe later this year. 


ed 

M rrfV 


i 


V 


Farleys test to clear plant 


Hatton I 
sent to DF 


/ r . s 
k- : 


" By Peter Davenport 

A test production run 
began at the Farley baby food 
.factory in Csrataxa yesterday 
to establish whether a salmo- 
nella bacterium which forced 
, hs closure has been eliminat- 
ed. 

If successful, negoti ati ons 
to sell the company will start 
almost immediately. 

The plant ceased produce 

- tion on December 20 after the 
'discovery of finks between its 

- products and 43 cases of 
' diarrhoea in youngsters, 31 


fimhiag babies under the 
age of one. 

Traces of a rare strain of 
the bacterium were discovered 
later in dust samples taken 
from, the factory’s auto m a ti c 
firaniug system. 

Last month Farleys, which 
is owned by Glaxo, wait into 
vohmtoiy liquidation. - Before 
the closure the x«^i«i phut 
was prodnemg 5,000 tonnes 
of Ostonnflk, Osterfeed and 
Compton annually, with a 
£30mHlfoa turnover. . 

Officials of Farley said 
yesterday that after a trial 
production ran, due to end 


today, there win be farther 
tests on machinery. It is 
hoped that the Department of 
Health and Social Security 
wiD then issne a dean bfll of 
health. Several major food 
industry companies, including 
Boots, have expressed an 
interest in Farleys. 

Throughout the shutdown 
Farleys has been 
200 mothers a week, 
babies aged six mouths or 
undrr, abom thdr attitudes to 
using the company's products 
again. Officials said there 
was an ext ramdin aifly 
level of support. 


Jury sees 
film of boy 
in bath 

A Crown court jury yester- 
day watched a home video 
alleged to have been secretly 
filmed by a social worker 
accused of seducing a school- 
boy in her care. 

The colour film and 
soundtrack, showing another 
teenage boy undressing and 
taking a bath, was shown at 
Cardiff Crown Court after the 
prosecution alleged that Lyn- 
da Swindell, aged 29, used 
two-way mirrors to film 
unsuspecting guests 
Miss Swindell, single, for- 
merly employed by Gwent 
County Council, and now of 
Mary Twill Lane, Caswell, 
Swansea, denies indecently 
assaulting a boy aged 14 
whom she paid £5 to help to 
decorate her home in Wynd- 
ham Road, Cardiff! 

The prosecution has al- 
leged that on .one occasion 
Miss Swindell bad climbed 
naked into the virgin boy’s 
bed as he slept . 

The case continues today. 


Holiday bookings 


More choose British breaks 


By Derek Harris. Industrial Editor 


Demand for summer 
breaks in Britain this year has 
equalled last year's level and 
some companies show a rise 
of 10 per cent as the surge in 
bookings continues for over- 
seas package holidays. 

Holidaying in Britain grew 
by 1.5 per cent last year and 
holiday travel abroad by 
Britons declined by 33. per 
cent 

Twice as many Britons still 
take a holiday of four nights 
or more in Britain as those 
who do so abroad. The total 
number of holidays in 1984 
and 1985 was 49.5 milli on. 

The estimates have been 
made by Hogg Robinson 
Travel, one of the five 
touting travel agency chains, 
from sources that included 
the British Travel Authority 
and the bigger tour operators. 
Numbers of individual holi- 
days in Britain of four nights 
or more stood at 32.5 million 
in 1982, rose to 33.5 milli on 
the next year, increased to 34 


million in 1984 and climbed 
again last year to 34.5 
million, according to Hogg 
Robinson. 

The British weather means 
that more people are asking 
about under-cover facilities at 
resorts, it added. 

British holiday prices are 
staning to measure up weD 
against package holidays 
abroad, particularly for fam- 
ilies, according to Mr Paul 
Foster, Hogg Robinson's di- 
rector of consumer products. 

British hotel accommoda- 
tion has long compared less 
well for value with accommo- 
dation in countries such as 
Spain, but cost reductions for 
children are often better in 
Britain. Hotels and holiday 
centres in Britain have also 
been investing heavily in 
bringing facilities up to high- 
er levels. 

Where British holidays are 
scoring increasingly well is in 
activity holidays from boat- 


ing and pony-trekking to 
snooker and dans, Mr Foster 
said. 

He added: “More people 
are taking short breaks during 
the summer, probably as a 
second holiday, and activity 
holidays axe exceptionally 
popular." 

An example of investment 
by British operators is the 
£9million being spent by 
Butlins, part of the Rank 
Organization, to create the 
Summerwest holiday centre 
in Somerset, with many 
activities on a “water 
playground’* theme under 
cover and out of the weather. 
Comparatively few British 
holidays are sold by travel 
agents, most seeing 90 per 
cent of their turnover in 
foreign pa c kages. 

Booking levels for packages 
abroad are high. The market 
as a whole is possibly three 
quarters up on the corre- 
sponding time last year. 


Careless 
driving 
proposal 
may go 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Proposals for a new offence 
of causing death by careless 
driving are likely to be 
dropped by the 
Government’s road traffic 
law review body after wide- 
spread criticism. 

The review body, headed 
by Dr Peter North, principal 
of Jesus College, Oxford, and 
a former law commissioner, 
proposed the idea in a 
discussion paper last year. 

The strength of opposition 
to the proposal has emerged 
in the responses of op to 400 
individuals and groups. 

The view of organizations 
such as the Magistrates’ 
Association is that motorists 
should not be heavily penal- 
ized for what might have 
been momentary careless- 
ness. even if the conse- 
quences include death. 

However there is concern 
that the present law is 
inadequate, with charges of 
reckless driving often not 
brought because of the diffi- 
culty of proof, and the lesser 
offence of careless driving 
being the only alternative. 

There is support for a 
“tier" of offences, so that a 
new offence, for example, 
negligent driving, is created 
between reckless and careless 
driving. 

Causing death by reckless 
driving carries a five-year 
maximum sentence. But jail 
terms are often not imposed 
and, if so, they are rarely for 
more than 18 months. 

The study, commissioned 
by the Department of Trans- 
port and the Horae Office, is 
not expected to be finished 
until the end of the year. 

Other proposals include 
the confiscation of cars used 
by motorists who commit 
serious traffic offences, the 
linking of fines to an 
offender’s “means", and a 
proposal to use community 
service orders or probation to 
compel motorists to attend 
retraining courses or to help 
in hospital casualty wards. 

The review body is also 
studying whether more use 
can be made of police 
cautions instead of prosecu- 
tions and whether drivers can 
be obliged to repair defective 
vehicles within a set time, or 
face charges. 




Rock star’s death 
‘a waste of talent’ 


Krrurffl; 
in hosp 


. 01 *. 


Print 1 * • 


Phil Lynott, the rode star, 

• died because of his depen- 
dence on drugs, a coroner 
said yesterday. . 

The Thin Lizzy singer, 
aged 36, died last month in 
Salisbury Infirmary. Mr John 

- Elgar, the Wiltshire. Coroner, 

„ said: “What , a waste of 'a 

- talented life. 

“I hope his death may be a 
/ wanting to those thinking of 
taking hard drugs under the - 
. impression they are not 
dangerous. Make no mistake, 

" they are lethaL 

“May his death also be an 

- extra, spur to those who are 
desperately trying to kick the 
habit” 

The coroner praised the 
actions of Lynott’s “caring” 
wife, Ca 


estranged 

daughter 


Caroline, the 
of the television 
Leslie Crowther, 
“who tried iso hard but foiled 

- to save his life". Mrs Lynott 
I - was said to have desperately 

' ' arranged Lynott’s admission 
‘ to a drugs dink. 

• - The coroner recorded a 
verdict that die death of tire 
‘ rock star, who lived in Kew 
■ £* " Road, Richmond, south-west 
' * London, was doe to depen- 
f . l dence on drugs. 

' „ ;? Dr Christine Scott, a P»- 

- tbologist, said an internal 
. U " e xaminat ion found many ab- 

scesses in the heart, kidney 


and spleen, and before death 
bacteria had been growing in 
the blood. 

“The cause of death was 
multiple abscesses due to 
staphylococcal and strepto- 
coccal septicaemia. • 

As foe pathologist gave 
evidence; Lynott’s widow, the 
motho* of their two young 
daughters, sat with her head 
bowed. 

The pathologist said: “This 
patient undoubtedly had an 
overwhelming bacterial infec- 
tion caused by two separate 
organisms, which is unusual 
in a young, healthy male. 

“There is a constant danger 
of infection in a person who 
injects him or herself with 
drugs into foe Wood stream 
via veins in a non-dinical 
situation. I think this 
patient’s illness and subse- 
quent death is related to his 
habit of intravenous drug 


A coroner’s officer, Mr 
Walter Scott, tokl the inquest 
that inquiries revealed that 
Lynott was listed at the 
Criminal Records Office and 
there- was an outstanding 
arrest for possession of co- 
caine and heroin for winch he 
-was on bail to Acton 
Magistrates' Coart, west Lon- 
don. 


itef 


mr> 


; into 





PhD Lynott and his wife, Caroline, who tried to save him 


Action on 
cordless 
phones 

By BiD Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

The Government is prepar- 
ing to act against shops 
selling illegal cordless tele- 
phones, which have been 
raining chaos on the radio 
bands reserved for emergency 
services. • 

The cordless telephones, 
which have become popular 
in the past two years, are 
radio transmitters able to 
function within a few hun- 
dred feet of any telephone 
subscriber’s house. Their 
popularity has brought a 
growth in foe sale of unap- 
proved designs. All approved 
telephones cany a gram spot 

There has, however, bean 
legal confusion over cordless 
telephones. It is illegal to use 
son-approved models bat 
legal to sell them. The 
Government is swiftly mak- 
ing plans to plug the gap and 
outlaw foe sale and advertis- 
ing- of illegal machines. 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry has warned foe 
traders, through advertisn 
that the new legislation v 
be in place by the summer 
and that tracers in illicit 
telephones will be prosecut- 
ed. 


Stabbed PCs 
new kidney 

.Police Constable George 
Hammond, aged 48, who was 
stabbed when he tackled a 
sweet shop raider more than 
a year ago, was given a 
kidney transplant at Dulwich 
Hospital, south London, yes- 
terday. v . 

The hospital said the new 
kidney appeared to be work- 
ing wefl. A youth has been 
sentenced to nine years’ 
custody for foe attack. 



Platinum find in 



mine 




** #t 


By Tim Jones 

Cornish tin mmeis 
for gold in * nanote - - — - 
valley have discovered ptafi- 
non. The discovery, in 1 foe 
mine which proyitie* gold for 
royal wedding 

. of scat benefit to Britafa n it 
„ is present in commercial 
. quantities. 

Stringent EEC regulations 

, on car exhaust *■"***“ 
that off car mannlactBrers 
will reqnfce platinum which 
• acts -as a Btsr. 

But the Ctogan^Da™Ts 

mine company, winch ras 
. been digging into the Oogaa 
■ mountain rtw 

Mawddach Bstmas <£££ 
edd for two years, xefosed 


yesterday to dbcus details of 
the find. 

Dr John Rottenbmy, the 
technical . director, said: *T 
can confirm . that traces of 
platinum have beenfoud but 
we do Mt wish to say more at 
present until the shareholder* 
hare been informed**. 

Backed by a aw 
... which 


fere? » 

hi commercial quantities was 
excellent, the company raised 

Qufffiioa on foe Stock nmrket 
to finance afro-year exp***- 
fion programme. 

Samples analysed have in- 
dicated that minin g COtild 
yield at least a third rf an 
ounce for each ton of shale, 


enough to' make the venture 
profitable. 

Dr Rottenbmy, who re- 
united Cornish tin miners 
because of their experience 
with hard rock, said he had 
been suip ii re d by the foscov- 
ery- “We thought the geology 
wonM not lend itself to it but 
we were wrong"Jm said. 

. Because of foe volatile 
political fjjtPtfft” 1 far South 
Africa, foe worlds largest 
supplier of pterin hip, foe 
ClogaH discovery T coold be 
very, important if the metal is 
there in co mm e rcia l quanti- 
fies. 

‘ .This week platinum was 
seffing, for 358 dollars an 
ounce, 2ft dollars more than 

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PARLIAMENT FEBRUARY 12 1986 


Guidelines on 
contraceptives 
for young girls 


Channon tncs 
hard for viable 
vehicle industry 


GMC ruling < 


Company Ministers to stud 
should implications of 


Sfiorh 


should 

rebuild 

speedily 


share changes 


0 4 I 


tional circumstances for do c- 

HEALTH 10113 10 infiwm parents. There 

^ vas anxiety in the British 
T . . Medical Association and the 

In revising DHSS guidelines on hia tus should be ended. It was 


WESTLAND 


the comraceFftive pill for girls not anyone, interest xhai 
under 16. account would be ^ should continue to be 


exposed to the risk of preg. 

issued yesterday by the General nanfl , 

14 i: i n. 


mined to find the best future 
■ r-ui . for Land Rower and those who 

LEYLAND , work m it 

Mr John Smith, chief Oppo- 

Mr Pad OuuiMn, Secretary of ation spoteman onwudleMd ^ soour the Westtandrate' 

Stale for Trade and Industry. J STreS l«V 
told the Commons at question *he GovCTnment has l^eaw ttooostma i aa and die business 
lime that he was trying bard to tire P 0 ^ 0 ^. of building helicopters the 

get a viable future for Leyland fbresqvare bchmd Leyiana ve- beller< Mr Geoffrey Pdtre, 
Commercial VehtetesTLand hides, Leyland apd Land fa information Tech* 


* — to the Government, voder 
HOUSE OF LORDS Company’s Act a compa- 

_ ^ ^ .... ma ^ ny can require disdosure of. 
Once the Government knew ti» shareholders sad I under- i 

T -c _4 i cu. t~i r i u.. 


the identities of the six stand Sir John Cockney has 
shareholders who between said today such action is in 
them have a 20-33 per cent hand.. 


stake in the Westland heli- Lord Paget of Nratbamp- 
copter company, it would tea (Las): Study the defence 


Medical Council, Mr Barney 
Hayhoe, Minister for Health, 
said in the Commons. 


Mr Hay hoe said the GMC 
was an independant statutory 


The GMC had changed its body for which the Govero- 
rulcs so that if a doctor did not 0161,1 was not accountable so it 


Rover and Freight Rover. 

I want to iry to ensure that 
can be done (he said) and that I 
have adequate assurances. 


Rover, to maintain an indepea* lK J 0 _ r during Commons 
dent Aitish capacity? «!«§«* ^ to^ws Westland 


consider the girl to be suf- not appropriate for him to 
ftciently mature to understand comment on their advice to 


y to ensure that quesSbas on today's Westland 

e said) and that I . annual extnmnteiary nrecring- 

ptate assurances. “8 « pe GowniMnt He rqected an Opposition 

reals would be b*S poured £1-2 billion mto ,50™^, about anonymous 
relation to their leyland over jhe deahngs and said die company 


decide what action was of 

needoM^fi Tiefgame, Minr hy 


Lard Paget of Northamp* 
a (Las): Study the defence 
England is titorcspoosibfl- 
r of the Government. Is- the 


ister of State & Defence; Govemmenl re^ly going to 
said in answer to a private hand, over what is recognized 
notice question in the House as an important decision to 


all the issues involved, then he doctors. 


may tdl her parents about the 
consultation. 


Dame Jill Knight (Bir- 
mingham. Edgbaston. O asked 


Mr Hayhoe said he hoped to Mr Hayhoe what he made of 
issue the revised DHSS guid- the statement by the GMC 


harf mm. industry. 

rvenmrenf s Later, Mr David Heathcoat- 


reason why toe meeting should 
sot conic to a suc cess f ul 


anre soon. The existing guid- president that he still hoped 
ancc was being revised to take that most doctors would not 


account of toe law lords inform parents. The revised 
judgment and themany_ other guidelines should bear in mind 


views expressed. The guidance the weight of evidence indicat- 
woukt advise doctors and im the advene medical effects 


.... « available. We should now 

• Mr Douglas Hoyle (Waning- work together for a viable car j TbSo’ was no 

.Urn North, Labj_ had ran- industry. , 

plained of the Government's Later. Mr David Heathcnat- 
disastrous plans to sell those Aanry (Wells, C) said that m 
parts of British Leyland to view of the way Jaguar had 

General Motors with a loss of flourished in toe, private sector, (Harrow East, C) what recent 
and development in would not toe minister proceed steps the g o ve rnme nt had 
both companies. This Govern- on a similar course with Land f atten to facili tate a decision by 
ment, whichused to talk about Rover? What could Land ^ board of Westland about 
hatting for Britain, was now Rover gpra from General ^ fimne structure and u w ner- 


badtife pwwtotodoS^he I ^Lorf^cmic* (SDP)had 
ffninai of toe people who had ( asked: In the light of 


the owners of a number of 
had numbered Swiss bank ac- 
of counts. . It is realty outra- 


yesterday’s stock exchange geoo& 

disclosure about share owner- ' Lord Trefgame Oncethe 


□s to sell those Aanry (Wells, Q sod that m conclusion. 

isfa Leyland to view of the way Jaguar had Asked by Mir Hagh 

is with a loss of flourished in the private sector. (Harrow East, C) what 


prevent 


. By Nicholas Tanrains 
Social Services 
Correspondent 
The -Government was 
caged yesterday to postpone 
is plans to cm by half the 
cost of, the. state earnings 
related .pension scheme 
(Seeps), and jd make signifi- 
cant changes to its other 
social security 'reforms to 
improve the lot of the 
disabled .and unemployed 
families wfrh dukhan. . 

The Commons Select 
Committee on Soctel Services 
said that Mr Norman Fowler, 
Secretary of State fix' . Social 
Services, had acted “’hastily” 
in drawing up revised plans 
to halve the cost of Serps and 
to encourage more occupa- 
tional and private pensions. 
The cost savings would not 


General 


the future structure and owner- 


others concerned about 
considerations they needed 



tries inning into unknown, need to be fat™ and various tional and private pensions, 
hands? powers exist for tha* purpose. Tbe ; cost savings would not 

Lord Trefgame: It is of the . Lord Kemet How can the a PP ear into the 

first importance to ensure Government ensure the idea- next cen tury, questions about 
that our aimed forces receive tides become known? ' ^niin 6111 age were not 

the equipment they require Lord Trefgame: I have sc ™ ed “iere was no 


JOrkwood: The hfatns mora] 

should be ended pressed 

have in mind when giving M 
contraceptive advice or treat- - ‘I 
ment to girls under sixteen. 

The Minister was answering 
Mr Archy Kirkwood (Roxburgh 
and Berwickshire. Lib) who 
had put a private notice 
question to him. 

Mr Kirkwood said the new 
guidance should be issued 
quickly. There most be ex cep- P 316013 1 


medical treatment. 

Mr Hayhoe said he hope 
nobody would try to under- 
mine parental responsibility. 

Mrs Gwyneth Donwoody 
(Crew and Namwich. Lab) said 
ii should be clear in the new 
guidelines that if girls under 16 
aid not want their parents told. 
toeiT confidentiality should be 
respected. Otherwise there 
would be more and more 
illegitimate children. 

Mr Hayhoe said 
confidentiality must be for toe 
doctor concerned, guided by 
toe GMCs advice. 

The new guidance would 
take into account the social and 
moral concern widely ex- 
pressed on this matter. 


Kibble, C): Might it be possible Mr Peter Morrison, Minister I Westland board could decide 


to persuade members of toe of State fir Trade and In- oh at reconstruction of toe 
TUC that an approach by dnstry, said toe Secretary of 1 OOmpany to i wnmmwiH to 
es to Laird with State, h»mwJf. and toe whole of •=—*- 


TUC that an a 
Leyland Boses to 


on time; to the right sperifi- referred to the powers avail- 
cations and at the right price: able to die company under 


toe possibility of taking them toe board of British Leyland 
over or at least amalgamating took all these matters into 


with them might t 
acceptable to trade uni 
the reverse? 

Will he consider the 
ity of negotiations 


it be more account. The board of BL 
unions than believed that prospects would 
be greater for Land Rover and 
the posstbil- Range Rover i£ subject to 
ins between certain conditions they teamed 


Leyland Trucks and a Euro- up with General Moiras, 
pean manufacturer like DAF Mr Geoffrey Robinson, 


who possibly have more in Opposition spokesman on 


common in terms of manufac- trade and industry: Will he ted 
turing than they have with us if General Motors have 


General Motors? 
Mr Channon: 


made a condition of the 
Talks are inclusion of Land Rover m this 


taking place between British division of BL for them to 
Leyland and the Laird Group proceed with the acquisition of 


regarding the future of British that division? 


Mrs Aana McCuriey (Ren- 
rw West and Inverclyde. O 


Leyland Bus tn particular. The If not, why does the Minister 


frfw West and Inverclyde. O u, 

said this institutionalization of commercial merits, 
the breach of confidentiality on Mr John Tayta 
a subjective judgement was the Q: Will he coi 
thin end of the wedge for possibility of floa 
family doctors. It was a matter Rover on the E 
of dinical Judgement and it stock exchange add 
was not effected by whether change? 
parents knew or noL Mr Channon:, I 


board would consider other not listen to the views of the 
proposals in relation to their management and onions at 



re tir e m e n t age were not 
settled and there was no 
coherent structure for 
widows’ and other survivors' 
benefits. 

“It would cost little to 


Furthermore, we need to the Company’s Act ami there .Denents. 
ensure security of supply and are in addition powers under It would cost tittle to 
clearly share ownctship ha* a the Indnstiy Aft 1975 to delay the proposed changes 
bearing on this. prevent a foreign interest to Sops by a year or two", 

I ran assure the House the taking control of an impor- the committee said. The 
Government will consider fast manufacturing andertak- Government sbould detey the 
thft im plicatio ns nf any mat tv mg anH th ere are - other c han g B Sto Seips “with a view 
rial dmny s in the shares of powers under the Fair Trad- to intro ducin g more comrae- 
defence industries. It has ing Aict available to the bensive and comprehensible 
powers to take action if this Director General of Fair 

is appm p riare Trading The report gave a wanting 

Lord Kcmet These Swiss Lori Tordoff (L): If the the plans for income 
bank accounts, do they con- company does not give die support might wal leave 


ceal Mr Duvalier, Colonel Govennent the names of the I tmeoiptoyed families with 


fbtlflffi or the Moscow shareholders, what 
Navotny Bank or who? Can does it have to 
the Government consider than? 
this possibility. _ Lord Trefgar&e: 


children worse off than now. 
It mged dial the new family 
premium . be set higher than 
the proposed £5.75 a week 


Lord Tr ef gUr rae: In addi- acirmg a hypothetical ques- i ^ ? two-tier disablement 


immercial merits. lanrf Rover and to MFS, and 

Mr John Taylor (Solihull, consider a future for Land 
t: Will he consider the Rover outside the riwit with 


possibility of floating Land General Motors. 


Rover on the Birmingham Mr Morrison: At this stage 


stock exchange add giving us a General Motors have not pot 


Mr Chamn:,! am deter- ation. 


forward any formal propo- 


Government will act as needed 


posais and in which the to the powers available tion- 

shareholders could take toe , « gm /-n 

Steel finance Cha 
lunitnsesto Oi 

such an important company S £414 million sto] 

terms of its industrial and . _ •. 

defence consequences should The British Steel Corporation's Mr Pad 


Channon tells 
Opposition: 
stop moaning 


aeience eonsea t*res snouio 1 ^ British Steel Corporation's Mr Pad Cha— i , Secretary of <fasa ^ ed P®°P^ receive in 

be decided 13 ^ a series of I «*ternal financmg limit for State for Trade and Indnstiy, extra weekly allowances, the 

doubtful financial wheelings 1985-86 is being increased called dnringCommons ques- co mm i tt ee said. “These are 


p remium be introduced. 

At present some people 
who are, in fact disabled Bill 
not qualify for the premium, 
and in other cases the 
proposed rate- of £1225 a 
week will not match the £20 
to £30 a week that some 


jabsi 
irtifi s j 




LLOYDS 


of those individuals to join 
,, “ l " ' other agencies and thereby 
The report on the outcome of *ra« r^istrarion? 


the investigation imp Lloyds Uamon: It is not rig 

was expected in the summer 10 comment on mthvidc 
and if any a c ti o n was necessary cases because they are toe 
the Government would take it, subject of investigation by 
Mr Paul Channon, Secretary of others in several cases. All I 
State for Trade and Industry, can say is that I hope toe 


dividuals who worked within urgency legislation to improve been published by Lloyds 
those agencies. Should there that regime, recognising that wonld be made available to the 
not be some bar on the ability the present Financial Services enquiry, 
of those individuals to jom Bill might not be the appro- ^ chtnmm: 1 wffl make 
other agencies mid thereby pnate vehicle? . sure that toe enquiry baTfl 

secure registranan? Mr Channon: He is right that —1-™-, mfbnmrinn 

Mr Chanson: It is not right the Bill is not the appropriate mj^tion. 

to comment on individual vehicle: If tire committee were ,_ Mr . Doaglas Hogg: 


and and the future 60111 £360 minion to £414 lions on the balance of trade in not ’extraordinary cases’ with 

could even be decided by mflbop.^ Mr John Butcher, man ufa ctured goods fora stop 'one-off needs. Severely dis- 


could even be derided by piuuon, wir joua umcner, manu t actureq goods tor a stop *one-o 
anonymous Swiss Bank nomi- jy nder Secretary of State for to toe moaning from toe ohled 
nees? Trade and Industry, announced Opposition. or at 


££/ Trade and Induitiy, anooonccd Opposition. ' f 

t ^n£«LSkltan,<iSdi Mr Join Sraili, chirfOppo- "W^n^oire WH, 

SSL- * dd,t,oaaI 

too welL The powers exist for nmariaiHe nunarroiid and ment minted a rabsfantial . Tire Government's plans 
toe company toaacertain toe « should be brought into surplm m balance trade on ft* a new Rmrily CraSto 

oom^XtboK people -ho “ ”° n “ help those in lo^aSWt 

own these shares and there is . . „ . . . we have got a hugh oenen. wm u. w himdred« nf 

no narticnlar reason whv the Mr Batcher He is right and he teO us why this has OCCured wil t sun reave m uwtiMS or 
extrawdSuy meeting toould it is the government's objective und& toe government’s eoo- ^^und&oT 
not come to a satisfactory 10 mturn BSC to the private noznic management and ^iat between 70*> and 90p of each 
conclusion. ■ sector as soon as toe appro- they intend to do to put it extra. XI .they earn through 


33 - 


Mr John Shaft, chief Oppor which require constant or 
■turn snokesman on trade and recurring additional 


Donglas 


to report in that sense” we (Grantham. 0] If the Lloyds 
should wish to consider that as Act had been introduced this 


a matter of great urgency. I year rather than three years 
would certainly wish to get the a 8°» ti* principle of self- 


ouuc iw iiouc uuu iiiuiauy, — — — — — - - T— — — r — — — j — ITT I.,- . .. , . 

said during Commons ques- committee wfll report soon m most s ati sfac tor y regime pas- 4^1 r. 


the summer and., if action is sible. 


He was replying to .Mr Dak 


necessary we shall certainly' 


Campbell-Savonrs 


Yeo: (South 


Mr Brian S< 
es South and 


ney Sou 
asked i 


been accepted by the House, 
re: (Hade- Many. Conservative hffs do 
itch. Lab) 1101 accept that, self- regulation 


■ «' 

!! =*>* - 
• z;jr . ix-p -- 


names of those people who! 016 I 
own these shares and there is P°?? 
no particular reason why the 1 


manufacture d goods n »d now 


heSus^^^SraS I 5121 hundreds. of > .2 v r 


Tire Government’s (dans 
for a new Rmrily Credit to 
help those in low-paid work 


conclusion. 


if the Minister would u now approp r i ate: 


I^b), vrtro asked Suflbu^ Q: Will he< assure us ensure that the results of his Mr.Channoa: I am sure he 


u a 1™' " uoyos if evidence emerges, either department's investigation into welcomes the fact that we have 

mTf,- 88 * I ® SQ ^ t ®f to» inquiry or toe Unimar fraud were made set up this inquiry.' It will 


petent, fair and propw test for Zm ^ sonces 


irastration under toe 1982 U .Z u ■ ■ - , TT 
“ LjS^isunsaSctoi^tewill 


question mark over toe in- ^ 


the available to the enquiry and report speedily and toe House 
at that the report prepared by Sir and Government wifl be able 
will Edward Singleton, which for to consider what is the ap pro- 
of some unknown reason had not priate way forward. 


Parliament today 

Commons (230): Debates on 
multi fibre arrangement and 


priate c ir c u ins ta n ces show, not right? 
least on the viability of toe' 
Corporation. Mr 


to*? / tax paid and benefits with- 

\ : drawn, the committee said. It 
Mr Gkaam Manufacturmg be that such Clrigh 


■at iiii t : * •• 

«-.n :2?r. 
lire: *”- • 

U: Orr ::r 
f’ -C. - R' 4 « 

IZ&BC-i 


output is np. It has been up for 
19M and 1985. It is well up on 


on Rrtdrill MMut tm «4iuf «■“ «»*«* uic iusbcs m a i its trough in 198L Manufac- 


^j.l. v — j- /tv ikti *?• “J | uumg mvcsuucju u nay 

trials. Lords (3): Salmon BiD, nng down plants, but how I substantially, op. Non-oil ex- 
report stage. “ 1 - * 1 — »-— ■» 1 — ■ -*• — ■- 


marginal tax .rates are un- 
avoidable, but “it is hard to 
see how the Government can 
reconcile this with its daim 


• an «*u: 
irst li-if - 


many jobs have been lost? 


Praise for textile and 
clothing industries 


IMPORTS 


MFA m its present form. The 
industry was extremely ef- 
ficient. 


White Paper 
on home 
taping soon 


port volume a substantially up. I that Family Credit will ‘sig- 
nificantly improve incentives 


THE ECONOMY 


Hattersley attack on free market 

. _ • wage-earner, not the narent 

the natron’s manufacturing m- health and welfare of those four Govenmnait wluA made a ^ chiefly foPthe 




dnstry. 

That same obsession (he 


major economies. 

■ What we need (be went on) 


con tinned) has resulted in . is directed reflation: Capital come once 


cares chiefly for the 
OgdrjmS fee-note 


Mr Aha Clark, Minister for . w rf} < SS5?rf t h? < 5ji2 
Trade, praised the efleriaiCT of 


^n^aling the effects ion the I The most frightening feature of economic policies based on spending on the desperatiy puWication 


to begin 


the British textile and do 


wide curies. Negotiations will 


Ed^airf d*£d 




Tho rnufmniiL.il li/i,:*. D. rr 1 ^ ■ wnai we neca ine wm on; Aitkjinoh it «iJn k. 

The Government White Ira- continued) has resulted m . is directed reflation: Capital come once again to begin Ahhoug* 1 it will be paid 

per dealing the effects on the The most frightening feature of economic policies based on spending on the desperatiy publication of honest employ- mrougb the pay packet u 

recording indnstiy of home the whole Leyland fiasco last over-valued sterling and needed schools, bos- nuujt and unemployment does not represent a genome 

taping and other copyright week was the confirmation that artifically high interest rates - pitals and roads. The need is statistics. The total of reg- integration between tax and 

issues is to be published *he Government’s only indus- policies which make high there, the manpower is there, istered unemployed bad been ch3d credits, and it is “high 

shortly after Easter. This was trial straiegywas dosing down u nemplo yment inevitable and the money is there. _ All that is constantly reduced over the time that the procrastination 


and selling off and that its free industrial collapse certain. lacking is’ the political wife past six years by statistical r- 

market philosophy had now Lord Young of Grafiham, The creation of jobs by manipulation- ■ . ' 

become such an obsession that Secretary of State for Employ- public Sector investment was w ctc we today (he said) The committee urged that 
it preferred American capital- ment on television on greeted by the Government debating tbe level of unemploy- the value of the £7 weekly 

ism and redundancy to Biitish Febarnary 4 had wheeled out with a single vacuous ignorant ment on the honest pie- 1979 c hfld benefit paid without a 

public e nte rpri se and jobs, Mr toe old chestnut that toe policy questions: Where is all the basis the figure about which wc means test to all mothers, 

Roy Hattersley, Deputy Leader of public investment in the money going to come from? are complaining would be 3.8 should be mar'nrarnwt 

of and Chief Opposition infrastructure, which _ every- Long term unemployment in mulion, not 3.4 million. 


^^ deSdM on £ ^ take heed of 

succemfol^^Sloftoemulti- 


Patrio MmiW fnr I nf*™,' auma pnuosopny had now Lord Young of Grafiham, I DC creation or joos oy 

beowne *“* 30 0bscssi00 Secretary of Suae for Employ- public Sector investment was 
“on iccnnoiqgy, wnen oe it preferred American capital- ment on television on greeted by the Government 


fibre arrangement. 


also take beed of the wide 


past six years by statistical 
manipulation- ccaacu . 

Were we today (he said) The a 


Nicholas Wiaterton variety representations. 


(Maccesfield, Q said at ques- Mr Max Madden (Bradford 


rion time: Mr Clar ke has an West Lab) said textile com pa- 


wns questioned in the Com- 
mons on the issue: 

Mr Gregory Knight (Derby 
North, Q pointed out that 
everyday millions of people 


exceptional reputation for his nies were awaiting the outcome 7* pomtea. out that spokesman on Treasury and body except the 

of the MFA negotiations before fy^yday millions ofp rople FMinmy in lieved right and 






*•« 


d (Derby «toy Hattersjey, ]J^ uty Lq der 
out tim 2 f .and Chief Opposition 


which every- 


toe Cabinet be- 


of the United Ki n gdom. Wfll making investment Dlans. 
he assure the House today that 

he will insure a successful Mr Clark repeated that 


is Britain copied music from 


nece ssar y for 


» country 
of work 


from? are complaining would be 3.8 
ment in rnuhon, not 3.4 million, 
women I* manipulates the figures to 


iaiuju. nwiu opening a commons debate on tins country, bad taut 
reoonds, pre-recordings and Government economic policy and would fad here. 


for a year or more heq> the total down (be said) 


a Commons debate on tins country, had. failed abroad - now numbered one million an d stiO records the highest 


should be mairitainwL 

The committee also criti- 
cized the proposal to make 
even the poorest pay at feast 


he will insure a successful Mr Onk repeated that, toe radio and nine out of ten and toe level of onemrioy- 

renetral of toe, MFA to msure texrilerodustry was now m a tapes bought in the country ment. 

v^efficreDtrtate 1 ! exports to vwre used br that ptuposZ He moved a motion fori 
tius country is not further certmnmaikm, eg. Japan,. were pmpuse. the- canon* and able. 


« • — , . ~ “ — 1 trw* Uiv lAA/IVJt uaj ns.tMWi 

t hree hu ndred and fifty two [e^ of Memploymrat m mm I 20 percent of theirrates- The 


eroded? 


increasing fast and he did not 


In fart between 1979 and thousand. There were more history. The daims made about 
1984, toe five most recent years long term unemployed in the nw jobs are even more bogus 
for which figures were avail- country today than the whole The Government chose to 


cost and administration of 
local authorities collecting 


V : ,^7. • 

<«tj3 : r * 


:d -. 


If he falls, lens of thousands think it would be correct to 
of people will be placed out of assume toe industry req u ired 
work. Will be work accordingly the total protection of the 


31,000 pit jobs go 

The National Coal Board has 


bgures were avail- country today than the whole The Government chose to IU ““ 

America, France, total of unemployed when this spend money on maintaining sums of about £1 a. weea J Ijj rj, 1 ^ 


ir respo n sible economic policies Germany and Japan, pu bte c Government was elected. Per- unemployment rather than I from 4 million cl aimant s are 


in the national interest? 


MFA. When the MFA was 


Mr Clark said it was not fair renewed h must be done on toe 
to make a general assumption basis of hard hitting negotia- 


pursoed by the Chancellor of expenditure had increased 
the Exchequor. which . consis- faster than it did in Britain and 


haps worse there were now 


that the textile industry relied tions to the mutual advantage 
wholly on the protection of the of all parties. 


David HunLUnder Sectary ^ 
of State fra- Energy, said in a ing. the 
Commons written answer. revenues 


in public sector capital spend- 
ing, toe squandering of oil 


so did gross domestic product. 
If the Employment Secretary 
wanted to c or re late all those 
figures there was an absolute 
relationship in Government 


dob U OKI m oniam aw almost three times as many squandering North sea ofl __j tK _ _ » 

gross. domestic product long term unemployed as there income the Government bad , Proposal tnay well 
employment Secretary were during the most deenlv. in the destruction of ma “ more - people on low 


jobs. As a result of the I bound to be considerabfe- 


Nbrto Sea oil 


were dun 
damaging 


mmrnM uiwiw UMAIUA. Ulb VM/vwiimiuiL UOU • ■ - - 

during the most deeply, assisted in the destruction of m? 1 *® more people 
png moments in the the manufacturing ' base 00 income worse ofi. 


tr- . 


an absolute uner-war slump. This country which tbis country relied and first Report front the Sodtd 
Government was tn the deepest depression which this country would need Services Committee 1985-86 




the deflrnctioo of . capital expenditure and tire in hs history. Britain needed a • more and more. 


(Stationery Office33.40£ 


Freud rebuked by angry MPs s^twrfa SDP seeks school Treatment 


By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 


An unprecedented public 
rebuke is being delivered by a 
Commons select committee 
to one of its own members 
after an outspoken attack by 
him on the committee's work 
and its members. 

Mr Clement Freud, liberal 
MP for Cambridgeshire 
North East, infuriated col- 
leagues on the education and 
science select committee 
when, in a radio interview 
and magazine article, he 
accused Sir W illiam van 
Siranbenzee, the Conserva- 
tive chairman, of being 
“pompous" and running the 
committee like the General 
Synod. Sir William is parlia- 
mentary spokesman for the 
Church Estates Commission- 
ers. 

He described the commit- 
tee as a “jefly" and repository 
foe has-beens and former 
headteachers — Mr Martin 
Flannery ami Mr Harry 
Greenway, two of its mem- 
bers, are respectively a for- 
mer head and deputy head — 
wbidi misused public money 
on “pointless trips and 
junkets", including stayixg in 
an “exclusive” Oxford hoteL 

The MP, who is also 
Liberal education sp okesman. 



S.‘- -a* • • ^ 

Sr v'-l . ... , ■■■ ■ 7 jS- 


q. v Vv 








Mr Freud (kft), critical 
said that the select committee 
was “getting nowhere" in its 
lengthy inquiry into primary 
education and had lost its 

also accused Sir Wil- 
liam of entting short his 
questioning of witnesses 
white allowing Mr Flannery 
and Mr Greenway “to waffle 
on with their imp e ne trable 
verbiage” 

The all-parly committee, in 
an equally haid-hitting re- 
sponse in letters signed by 
three Labour and five Con- 
servative MPs, but not the 
chairman, and sent this week 
to two specialist education 
publications, dissociates itself 
from Mr Freud's “jaundiced" 
views on its work and its 


of Sir William (right). 
chairman. It fosfciq that his 
allegations," ran ging from tow 
serious to the laughable". 


cannot go unchallenged. 

The MPs say that Mr 
Freud's attendance at the 
committee has been sporadic, 
frequently lasting no longer 
than a few minutes, and he 

had had the “impertinence" 
to block the filling of two 
vacancies on the committee 
for several months. 

They deny Mr Freud’s 
allegation about going on 
pointless trips and say his 
complaint about staying in an 
expensive Oxford hotel might 
be taken more seriously “if 
he had not complained so 
loudly over the poor standard 
of his room". 


The MPS add: “Clement 
Freud, in seeking to denigrate 
the work of the committee; 
has done a grave disservice to 
the subject of our inquiry. 

“He is not new to the 
House and its procedures. To 
cry foul at this stage and to 
make offensive personal re- 
marks about the chairman 
and other committee mem. 
bers, against the ba ckg ro u nd 
of his own limited participa- 
tion in the work of our 
committee, 'famy consid- 
erably his credibility «nrf 
judgement" 

Mr Malcolm Thornton, 
Conservative MP for Crosby, 
who helped 10 organize the 
tetter, said that Mr Freud's 
“snide attack" was more in 
keeping with his role as a 
satirical journalist 

Mr Greenway, Conserva- 
tive MP for Ealing North, 
said that Mr Raid had 
behaved in a grotesque, self- 
seeking fashion. “1 flunk by 
making public and totally 
tnyustified and tmproveabte 
attacks he might have put 
himself in contempt of the 
House, and should apologize 
10 the chairman." 

Mr Freud, who test attend- 
ed the select committee on 
January 14. has indicated 
that he intends resigning. 


tax fiddle 


parent power .. led , to 


A West End solicitor was 
the tally one of several mea 
who were involved to face 
-prosecution over a 19-year 
evasion of £2£nuUion tax 
operated by the head of a pet 
food firm, the Central Crimi- 
nal Corat was told yesterday. 

JezraU Maser, aged 47, at 
Longford Place, St John's 
Wood, north london, was 
fined £l(MM)0 and ordered to ; 
pay £5,000 costs when he 
admitted a false 

s ta te m e n t to the inland Rgvfr- 
noe with In t e n t to defraud. 

After an investigation by 
tar officiate the £24mBEon 
was repaid ns well as £4mfl- 
fioa m penalties and i nt ere s t, 
Mr Robot Hannan, QC, for 
the prosecution, said. 

The fraud concerned the 
transfer of property and cash 
to offshore companies con- 
trolled by Jekyie Holdings, * 
group baaed in Ascot, Berk- 
shire, and bait op ou pet food 
sales. 

George Jackson, aged 74, 
head 01 the group, and Iris 
accountant, Eric Ellis, aged 
71, bad net faced pro s ec uti on 
because of Serious Alness but 
had agreed to repay the tax, 
Mr Harman said. 


By Lacy Hodges, Education Correspondent 


liver death 


Parents would be allowed 
to see the secret league table 
of examination results for 
inner London schools, which 
compares one school with 
another, under SDP/Liberal 
Alliance proposals for re- 
forming education in the 
capital. 

They would be given a 
greater say in the running of 
schools by means of more 
seats on the education com- 
mittee and governing bodies, 
and they would have access 
to school records and to an 
independent Inner London. 
Education Authority om- 
budsman. 

Teachers taking unofficial 
strike action in schools would 
be disciplined, as they used 
to be five years ago, before 
the present Labour adminis- 
tration, Mrs Anne Sofer, 
leader of the ILEA Alliance 
group, said. 

Those proposals, part of 
the plan Ira wresting control - 
of the ILEA from the Labour 
Party at the elections to be 
held in May were outlined 
yesterday at a conference 
attended by Dr David Owen, 
the SDP leader, and Mia 


Shirley Williams, the SDP 
president and a former Secre- 
tary of State for Education, 
and Science. 

The manifesto cri ti ci z e s the 
unofficial disruption of 
schools by the hard left, the 
diversion of funds from the 
classroom to the ILEA'S 
publicity machine and the 
“consiant pestering of teach- 
ers by the Labour administra- 
tion a with political 
initiativ es^ 

It also attacks the Govern- 
ment for taking .away 
£700mfllion in pants. 

Another aim was to stop 
tile continuous industrial dis- 
ruption of ILEA schools, Mrs 
Sofer said. Schools in Cam- i 
den were again being dosed 
because of unannounced 20- 
minute strikesby the Nation- 
al Union of Teachers. i 

The Alliance is angry that 
the Labour Party claimed the 
“children's ombudsman" 
idea as its own and leaked it 
this week in advance of the 
Affiance's manifesto. 

Mrs Sofer said there was 
nothingin the Labour Party’s 
manifesto about , a children's 
ombudsman. ■ • 


" Mr John Hughes, a former 
chief executive of Aberconwy 
Borough Council, died from 
kidney and liver failure as a 
result of . medical treatment 
he received in . his student 
days, a Birmingham -inquest 
was told .yesterday. _ 

Mr Hughes; aged 58, 
Maesdu Avenue, Llandpdnft 
suffered a thrombosis m bis 
right arm in the 1940s 
was injected with the drug 
Thorateast ..ait . Manchester 
Royal Infirmary. 

As a result of the injection 
Mr Hughes developed a rare 
tumour in his. liver. 
suffered kidney, trouble.. ■ 
Early last year be was serf 
to a Manchester hospital J* 
assess m ent for a posshfor 
liver transplant, then xnovrif 
to Queen Elizabeth Hospital 
in : Birmingham for a - trans- 


plant opertion. . . 

But he died at the hosptai 


fast AUKUSL , 

After hearing the report °f 
a post-mortem - examination 
which stated that Mr Hugh# 
died from liver and kido# 


.the coroner. Dr Akfrarf 
Whittington, recorded- .a «3P* 
diet of misadventure: 



_l9t _ 

















I t *s££> i 




JHE TIMES THURSDAY- FEBRUARY 13 1986 


OVERSEAS NEWS 


Britain fears Reagan 
and Gorbachov hints 
may endanger Trident 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomntfc Correspondent 





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’ Rfiont remarks byPnsri- 
dent Reagan and Mr Mikhail 
~ wnaciipv, the Soviet tamer 

• S? oenun 8 the Geneva anas 
J?** 8 .®* causing consteraa- 

. t 00 ** 011 * where it is 

. reared that they ^ 

growing opposition to the 
vjovemment's plans to buy 
the American Trident mis-’ 
: sue. 

Britain is seeking reassnr- 

anew that the US is not 
- considering a deal on ioter- 
me^teHrange nudear force 
~ ONF) missdes that could stop 
Britain and France expanding 
and modernizing their inde- 
pendent nudear forces. 

. In Britain’s ca se, tMs 
-■involves replacing the erist- 
toJ5 Polaris submarine fleet 
•■with four new submarines, 
armed with Trident D5 

• missiles, for more than £1 1 ! 
billion. The Labour Party is 
strongly opposed to the 

■ Trident programme. 

A key element in the pfon 
. outlined by Mr Gorbachov 
-last month to rid the world of 
nudear weapons by the year 
,2,000 was his proposal that 
afl American and Soviet INF 
"weapons should be eliminat- 
ed in Europe; in other words, 
the US would agree to scrap 


its Pershing 2 and cruise 
missiles if the Soviet Union, 
got rid of its triplo-warheaded 
SS2few 

Althoug h the Soviet leader 
did not demand the custom- 
Sty “compensation” for Brit- 
ish and French missiles, he 
said that the two countries 
Should not inrrencA their 

forces, and that the US 

should renounce any transfer 
of strategic or medium-range ‘ 
missiles to other countries. 
This would mean no Trident 
for Britain. 

■ Mr Gorbachov followed up 
this seemingly tantalizing 
"zero-zero” proposal by teH- 
xng Senator Edvard Kennedy 
at the weekend that his offer 
to abolish all medium-range 
weapons in Europe was not 
conditional on President 
Reagan dropping Iris strategic 
defence iruSSre, as ted 
earlier appeared to be the 
case. 

He also told Mr Kennedy 
that he felt a farther «nmnri» 
with Mr Reagan would be 
useless unless there was 
significant progre ss towards 
an INF agreement. 

Just as the fan import of 
these remarks was befog 
studied is London, President 


Reagan told the Washington 
Post that he felt there could 
be an INF agreement by the 
end of this year. 

Wien Mr Paul - ‘ Nitze, 
President Reagan’s special 
arms adviser, was in London 
last week, he told Mrs 
Thatcher and Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, the Foreign Secretary, 
that the US would do nothing 
to compromise the British 
and French det e rrent s . But 
that was before die latest 
remarks by Mr Gorbachov 
and Mr Reagan. 

He was farther pressed on 
this point when be talked 
with top leading Nato offi- 
cials in Brussels yesterday 
before returning to Washing- 
ton. 

Hie US is expected to 
formulate its official reply to 
the blest Gorbachov propos- 
als after listening to Mr 
Nitre’s report- 

Britain and France are also, 
due to reply separately to Mr 
Gorbachov's offer to them to 
open arms talks. Their replies 
are likely to be couched in 
similar terms - there can be 
no negotiations until the two 
superpowers have first mnAo 
big reductions in their own 
mtciftgf arsenals. 



Fighting in Chad 


Gashes in north 
worry France 

From Susan MacDonald, Paris 


- ’i 


Flare-up In the Golf 

Arab summit on 
Iran’s advances 

By Robert Fak, Middle East Correspondent • 

“We had many tfaw» said 


Mr Goakormi Oneddei, former President of Chad, whose 
troops have dashed again with President Habrg’s forces. 


Fighting has broken out in 
Chad between the govern- 
ment forces in the south 
controlled by President 
Hisstae Habit and rebel 
forces in the north loyal to 
the former President, Mr 
Goukouni Oueddei, who re- 
ceives Libyan support. 

The dashes have occurred 
at Kouba-Olanga and Oum- 
-OiaJoDba, both situated in a 
buffer area some 400 miles 
north of the Chadian capital. 
Ndjamena, which was created 
by the Bench peacekeeping 
force sent to Chad by 
President Mitterrand in 1 983. 

The Chadian Embassy in 
Paris yesterday said that 
Kouba-Oianga had been re- 
taken from the rcbd forces. 
Fighting fo Onm-Chalonba 
was continuing. In Kouba- 
Olanga, government troops 
had captured 350 rebel sol- 
diers of different African 
countries, including Marie 
Libyans, the embassy spokes- 
man said. Radio Chad has 
spoken of hundreds of dead 
on the rebel side. 

The French Foreign Minis- 
ter. M Roland Dumas, con- 
firmed that France was 
watching the situation close- 
ly. M Gay Penne, the 
presidential adviser on Afri- 
can affairs, is due to meet the 
Chadian Foreign Minister, 
Mr Gouara-Lassou, fo Libre- 


ville today, according to Le 
Monde. 

Fighting for control of 
Chad has gone on for more 
than 20 years, since it was 
panted independence from 
France. 

At the rime of the French 
forces’ withdrawal from Chad 
in 1984, President Mitterrand 



met Colonel Gadaffi, nnd 
both agreed to withdraw their 
troops. But only the French 
kept their side of the bargain. 
Colonel Gadaffi. who claims 
the northern Aouzon area of 
Chad for Libya, would like to 
see a Chadian President more 
favourably inclined to Libya. 

It is difficult to judge 
whether this latest round of 
fighting is a full-scale offen- 
sive or a warning by the 
north that President Habre is 
still vulnerable and some 
definite solution fo Chad 
should be found. 


Another 
victim of 
crocodile 
swamps 

From Stephen Taylor 
Sydney 

A monster crocodile, said 
(o be about 1% long, was 
trapped yesterday on a 
swampy river bank in north- 
ern Queensland near the 
remains of a woman, the 
second victim of man-eaters 
fo as many nmn^. 

The dismembered body was 
believed to be that of a 
fisberwoman, aged 26, seized 
ou Tuesday as she swam out 
to a boat at remote Cape 
York peninsula. 

Her male companion 
radioed for help, saying they 
had been stranded on the 
bank when their dinghy's 
outboard motor failed. They 
had decided to swim for their 
boat. 

The man said he had just 
boarded the boat and turned 
to help the woman when a 
giant reptile seized her. 

Last night police were 
heading for the S tauten River 
where a crocodile had been 
trapped by fishermen after 
the discovery of the body 
earlier fo the day. 

The killing is Kkriy to lead 
to a renewal of proposals by 
Queensland to dear croco- 
diles from a number of rivers 
becaase they were harming 
tourism. A woman was killed 
by a crocodile on another 
river just before Christmas. 


As Iran claimed yesterday 
that its forces west of the 
..Shatt al-Arab river were 
-continuing their advance 
..north of the Iraqi dty of Fan, 
Arab forefei a n a fatera were 
gathering fo Baghdad to 
discuss the threat presented 
by the new Iranian victories. 

radio — which 
a- amber of the 
'Iranian nrififarjr Ahat — 
said that the finefen mfrts - 
_ters of Sandi Arabia, Kuwait, 
-'Jordan, North Yemen, Tmu- 
jsia and Morocco were tnveJ- 
' Sag to the Iraqi capital for 
argent talks abort the effect 
. that the new offensive might 

■ have on neighbouring Arab 
■states. 

’ Mr Yassir Arafat, die 

■ Palestine liberation Organl- 
-zation c h a irman , whose move- 


in the past 



. meat recently received 
sanctuary for many of its 
officials fo Baghdad, was also 
fo die Iraqi capbd yesterday, 

- dutifully co nd e mning Iran’s 
r latest focanfoa even though 

he acted as a mediator 
-between the two sides for. 
' many m onth*- Mr Arafat was 
quoted as calling an all Arab 
leaders “to move imm e diat ely 

- to join fo the battle with Iraq 
-against Iran to defend the 

Arab land.” 

* The apparent determina- 
tion of the Gulf states to 
continue their support far 
Iraq after the latest da m a gin g 

- Iranian offensive 'may be 
■ partly explained by the vic- 
. tory of Iraqi troops north of 


*7 


- Western diplomats in 
Baghdad have confirmed re- 
ports that Major-General 
.Maher Abdul Rashid, com-. 
mandcr of Iraqis Third Army 
.Corps, has isolated an Iranf- 
-an aH»A across the desert 
aear tire Howriza marshes, 
coudnctfog what one embassy 
official described as “a per- 
fect tank battle” against his 
"opponents and routing them 
faun his front fines. 

' General Rashid is a pop*- 
"lar war hero fo farm bat. the 

- repu t ati on of his army; sonth 
of Basra is fo a far aaore 

■ tattered condition. It is, nr 
fact, probably only a matter 
of time before Kuwait's pro- 
Iraqi stand is modified fo the 
'face of Tehran’s Mandish- 

- merits. 

President Khamenei of 
Iran, who addressed tbon* 
g pndc of daom nsiratara fo 
Azatfi (Liberty) Square fo 
Tehran on the seventh auu- 
yersary of the Islamic Krab- 
'tfen on Tuesday, .repeatedly 
claimed that die Iranian 
fontioo on to Arab m3 was 
punishment” to Iraq's 
fomshm of Iran fa W80- 


that the 

Saddam (Qg. 

sem) and that we would then 
withdraw,” he said. 'Vat the 
world- did not fisten_ We 
have gone on to Iraqi soil so 
that we can punish the 
aggressive regime of Saddam 
Hnssein with our 
hands.” The words — fid- 
lowed by cries of Allah Akbar 
(God b most great) from .the 
. crowd — made grim 
in the Arab Guff region to 
which they were broadcast 
five by Tehran radio. 

The thrust of President 
Khamenei's argument — and 
it is a seductive one to the 
frig ht ene d Arab Gnlf «Mrria« 
was that foe fafamir world 
weald be . a better place 
without Saddam Hassem and 
that the neighbouring states 
■ have nothfog to fear 
‘I want to rive this 
to our neighbours — we 
Maids with the. countries of 
the Persian Gulf, "President 
' Khamenei said. “_dn not. 
worry abort the departme of 
Sadd am, abort .foe Mow 
against Saddam. His 
sive regime is not fast 
as — it is bad for Kuwait, for 
Saadi Arabia 
If the Arab states are 
fearfid of Iranian expansion 
into their own territories, 
ho wever , the Iranians 
almost equity concerned that 
ike Ame ri c a n s any fataienc 
more actively in. the war on 
Iraq's ride. Already, Wash- 
ington has sold at least 50 
faeucopters to Baghdad and 
President Khamenei's speech 
was acco mpani ed by entreat- 
ies that the Gulf states 
should “fain hands (with 
Iran) fo protecting the waters 
of tiie Parian Gulf 
foreign aggression. We 
should not allow America to 
expand its government power, 
its dynasty aid empire.” 

For the present, the Ku- 
waitis axe art accepting these 
arguments. In a. joint state- 
ment on Tuesday, the Kuwaiti 
Cabinet and Par fiament re- 
ferred to “the efforts exerted 
to obtain peace and brotherly 
- ties between two Mnsfim 
neighbours (Iraq and Inn)” 
and asserted fast the 
faanian attach was designed 
to “shake stab il ity and secu- 
rity and aggravate tension m- 
the Arabian Golf area, thus 
giving the major powers a 
pretext to foterveoe.” 

The Saadis said much the 
same and appealed for “inter- 
n atio aaT efforts” to ead- the 
war. Saadi Arabia may well 
he thinking of- American help: 
the US Navy already patrols 
the waters of the. Calf fo 

greater stren gth than k pub- 

tidy dedans; 

But for foe moment, the 
su perpowers are' Efcety to 
await the outcome of the 
Ir anian , advance smith of 
Basra, a victory which the 
focal Iranian ca-mauder this 
week generously attributed to 
the “divine pace” which God 
bestowed upon, his army by 
showering it with rain during 
the initial assault, thus pre- 
venting Iraqi air cetmter- 
sttacks. 



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Killer ’s rough justice 


T.~>- 


* . 


Lima (Renter) - A Pernvi- 
» notice psydwtogfelr appar- 
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Surrender Value at the date of dcadi.«-hiche\-cr is the J, 
greater 

Moreover no medical examination is required 
simply answer the health questions and well 
>tw of our dccbkxi. 


lb SUN IfE ASSURANCE, FREEPOST, Dept PWfDWJJ. RO. Box 290, Bristol BS997XY. HO STAMP REOUKaX 

□ I apply tor a Cash BuWar Potty wtati you wd send meon 15 daj® approval and l «nCo» my orequWP.0. ftt El made 

payable » Sun Lite Assurance Socwjypt 

Please ensure you tick the MU monthly amount you 
wish to pay In future. 

Tick one only 

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NOW IF YOU 
SEND YOUR 
BY THE DA1ESB0WN BELOW. 


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APPLICATION W BY THE DAT! 

MAR 10th 1986 


Hyou an awa f Tte a -toanyolthequBaltaiis. please give 
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Wa may be able Id accept you. Ptaaae make sure that the 
anaw ei a to tire queattona are accurate. B you wain any 

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nteame Sun Lite's dactooncoukl affect ttw payment of 
benefits. 

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Knovteayttrtbebew* a rd c om^.lurcte^ 

Plan nfl commence as soon my fust prafrtum s 
acknowledged by the asua ol an official acceptance from 
SUN LIFE i 


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al a tone as 8 result ol ilness or acodenr? 

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C* ■r-.ejr-''-,..; ■ ■ • 










THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 1986 


THE REALITY 
IS EVEN BETTER THAN 

THE DREAM. 


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So well- designed that on the inside^PjE 
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1.1 or 1.3. 

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Next come the 309 GL models, combtete 


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■ 

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OVERSEAS NEWS 


7 


••• > w '.r i- ^ ■ - . • ■ ‘ 'i.[r y - " . .. . 



I , W>i* O* lii£> I 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 1986 


price rises gives 
opposition a field day 


inSl? of 010 drawbacks 

JJ ,av,n « an alm( wt totally 
jJJ^pcncnced dynast ai the 

S2?.J. f **"!* became evi- 
dcni this week in ibc suddcn- 
iy«n p t y streets of Calcutta 
ana a day of interrupted 
business and .’random vio-‘ 
lence in Delhi.- • 

. Life in the two cities was 

iSi£I u E! cd ^ general strikes 
called by opposition parties 
to - protest at the Indian 
Government's handling of 
the economy. 

They were given wide 
support because at last the 
Opposition had a popular 
issue they could make the 
most on in West Bengal, of 
which Calcutta is the capital, 
the opposition Communist 
Phny (Marxist) is in power, 
and the state government led 
the strike. It was accordingly 
highly effective. 

Train services came to 
ahali buses, trams and pri- 
vate vehicles, including rick- 
shaws. were off the road. 
Educational institutions, 
markets and other business 
houses were closed. 

. The day before. Delhi had 
worn a Sunday air. with 
traffic at a minimum and 
many markets and offices 
dosed. A hundred buses 
littered the roads with 
slashed tyres or broken win- 
dows. and 900 arrests were 
made as the mobs tried to 
stop them running. 

The Opposition had been 
given a suck to beat the 
Government by the eccentric 


From Michael Hamfyn, Delhi 
behaviour of the Govern- 
ment itself Two weeks ago 
the finance Ministry, an- 
nounced _ forthcoming in- 
creases in the price , of a 
number of essential food and 
petroleum, products. There 
was a horrified intake of 
breath all round. 

The increases certainly 
have a good deal of economic 
logic, and the advice of the 
international monetary insti- 
tutions has been to avoid 
subsidizing these costs. So 
Mr Rajiv Gandhi was being 
resolute and politically coura- 
geous in doing something 
unpopular for what he 
thought were the right rea- 
sons. 

His political inexperience 
showed, however, in the way 
he failed to -prepare public 
opinion beforehand. He also 
neglected to consult the 
satraps of his Congress Party. 
But worst of aD it appears he 
neglected to discuss the rises 
even with Cabinet colleagues. 

The result was that leaders 
of Congress, and indeed 
ministers in his own Govern- 
ment. felt free to complain to 
him publicly about the in- 
creases- Mr H.K.L. fihagat. 
the Parliamentary Affairs and ■ 
Tourism Minister — never 
one (o miss a populist cause 
— was first m the fickt Mr 
Kamalpaihi Tirupaihi. the 
so-called “working president'* 
of Congress and an ancient 
party warhorse. appealed to 
Mr Gandhi to think again. 

The Opposition- leapt for 


joy at being given an issue it 
had not had to manufacture, 
and immediately put in hand 
plans for this week's protests. 

The Congress stalwarts met 
last- week, under the chair- 
manship of the parry presi- 
dent. none other than Mr 
Gandhi himself. They made 
their views plain to him. The 
result was a party resolution 
begging the Government to 
reconsider. 

The spectacle of Mr Gan- 
dhi. the pony chief, appealing 
to Mr Gandhi, the Prime 
Minister, was not without 
irony. ; 

The next day the Finance 
Minister. Mr V.P. Singh, 
retreated. Petroleum prices 
were still going up. but by not 
so much. 

This was no good, o! 
course, in assuaging public 
grief. Virtually all the press 
united in identifying the mess 
as “a badly bungled affeir" 
(The Statesman ) or as earn- 
ing "political disgrace" (The 
Tinfes of India). 

The Times ttf India, which 
has been hardline against Mr 
Gandhi recently, was particu- 
larly acid. A long leading 
article pointed out that many 
of Mr Gandhi's political acts 
have upset Congress men's 
chances of electoral success. 

But now the price rises 
affected the parry's electoral 
chances all over the country. 
The paper felt it had all 
happened because Mr Gan- 
dhi is out of touch whh the 
party rank and 'file. 



Prison guards sHenoe one of 191 Sooth Korean students on trial in Seoul as he is led into the courtroom shouting anti- 
goranxnent slogans. They were arrested after occ u pyin g offices of the ruling Democratic Justice Party last November. 


Melilla deal under attack 


Front Harry Debdms, Madrid 


Political parties in the 
Spanish North African en- 
clave of MefiUa hare bit terly 
criticized an agreement 
readied by the Interior Min- 
istry and leaders of die 
enclave's Mnsfim poptdatioa 
to consider g ranting citizen- 
ship to Muslim tong-time 
residents and unregistered 
natives, accor din g to reports 
reaching here yesterday . 

The president of the right- 
wing Melilla People's Union, 
Sefror Jos* Imbroda, called 
die meeti ng be tw een the 
Muslims and the udndnistra- 
tkm "‘madness**, and claimed 
the agreement they had 


of the MefiUa 
br an c h of Popular Affiance, 
Stum's conservative leading 
opposition party, compto inert 
that the creation of a joint 
committee of Marinos and 
hada Ministry 
was made “behind the backs 
of the political parties which 
are the representatives of 
sovereignty of the people**. 
He . added: “Legally the 
Morion w uuinwii t y does Dot 


“The nation's government 
has dropped its tronrexs,” he 
said. 

Sefior Lois Fenfrta, 


The pact between Marikas 
and Madrid was established 
at the instigation of Mnstim 
community leaders precisely 
because of allegations of 
second-class treatment and 
complaints that Spain's new 
aliens law does not even 
guarantee Spanish citizenship 
to the permanent Muslim 


of Md3h or of 
_ Spain's other endare 
cm Morocco's Mediterranean 
coast. The joint committee 
would decide who is entitled 
to Citizenship. 

Seftor Bamte Dobafla, a 
leading local representative of 
the Spanish Socialist Work- 
ers Party, the party in power 
in Madrid, expressed satis- 
faction over the dialogue 
between authorities and Mus- 
lims, but nevertheless had his 
reservations. He raid that the 
integration of the Mnstim 
population should be carried 
out “selectively, analysing 
each case**. 

Melina, almost doe sooth 
of Afaneria, has a Christian 
population of about 60,000 
flint an e sti m ate d 15,000 
Muslims. 


Gibraltar 

airport 

meetings 

Madrid — A four-man 
delegation beaded by a 
Transport Department offi- 
cial, Mr David Moss, flew 
back to London after two 
days of talks here with 
Spanish officials about tech- 
nical aspects of the proposed 
joint use of Gibraltar airport 
(Harry Debelius writes). 

No dale was set for further 
talks, which will depend on 
consultations and further 
study by both sides. 

The meetings took place on 
Monday and Tuesday at the 
Foreign Ministry here, after 
agreement between the For- 
eign Secretary and his Span- 
ish counterpart to study the 
question. 


Both sides 
accused of 
abuses in 
Nicaragua 

Nicholas Ashford 


Di! 

A new report by Amnesty 
International on humaa 
rights abuses in Nicaragua 
reveals a pattern of intimida- 
tion and harassment of politi- 
cal opponents by the left- 
wing Sandinista regime 
which, although serious, ap- 
pears to be considerably less 
brutal than the methods used 
by the US-backed Contra 
rebels. 

The report, Nicaragua: the 
human rights record, states 
that abuses practised, by 
Sandinista officials are limit- 
ed largely to frequent, though 
generally short-term, impris- 
onment of prisoners of con- 
science; prolonged pre-trial 
incommunicado detention of 
political prisoners; restric- 
tions on their right to fair 
trial and poor prison condi- 
tions. 

Amnesty also says It has 
received reports of torture 
and arbitrary killings by 
military personnel in remote 
areas. Howeverjt emphasizes 
that in many cases those 
responsible have been tried 
and punished. 

Referring to the Contras, 
foe report states that the 
Honduras-based Fnerza 
Democr&tica Nicaragfcense 
(FDN) forces and, to a lesser 
extent, the Costa Rica-based 
Alianza Revolucionaria 
Democriitica (Aide) have 
been responsible for persis- 
tent abuses, including torture, 
mutilation and execution of 
prisoners. 


Theyearof the congressesrPart 3 



party reformers 

By Roger Boyes, East Europe Correspondent 


The East 
their Yuppies — 


have 
otmg Up- 


five 


woidly Mobile Party Appara- 
tchiks — and the Gorbachov 
era Is accelerating their 
progress. In Poland this 
phenomenon is bothering 
some party reforme rs, who 
thought that the last party 
em& t ss in 1981, despite all 
its shortco m ings, had intro- 
duced a new style of party 
rule and a new Weed of 
candidates for officer 

New men an the rise are 
typically in their early forties 
(that qualifies as yonag east 
of the Elbe), were active in 
theoffieial student move me nt 
in 1968 (that is, daring the 
anti-Semitic campai g n) and 
have emerge d as competent 
administrators who can adapt 
tq var y in g political dimatea . 

They have dished in the 
local provincial leaderships 
aid, typically, occupy the 


to 



General Jannelski: direct 
line to Moscow 
post of party organizing 
secretary. They are anmfaen 
men who liaise wefi enough 
with factory party cells but 
are not popefists. They talk 
for the most part in wooden 
party la ngu a ge , and are at 
ftrir most comfortable writ- 
ing memoranda . . 

In the nnt-np to the June 
congresses, these party man- 
agers are emerging as the 
new regfonal party chfefe, ami 
will' have a cnosaderaMe 
impact on the complerioarof 
the Central Comimttee.T^ 

necessarily beantifnL * 

In Bulgaria ti« 

eonting man b ..49-year-oW 
Mr CbndoBdr Aleksandrin 
in East Germany Httx ffcw 
Krenz, Herr HfiarotafS: 
Crown Prince, is also 49. » 
their coal-taps, as m Poland, 
they are Wi nging regiments 
Of Yuppies. 

In Poland, party reformers 
oonU fike to dw oge ro e 
Conunnnist Party sttH te at 
the next congress to ens ure 
that the genuine comiumnc a- 
tors work their way 9 the 
leadership. Under the stat- 
utes passed during flu Sfr 
darity era, party officials 

could serve only two terms of 


The . Idea was _ 

the spine of a jobs-for- 

the-boys party clique. 

Bat-, the e ffect o f this 

.statute is to caltivate n 

ere professionals^ Nowadays, 
when the party searches 
mnsug giftwi doc- 

tors and teachers far feme 

timlmlriw nndt it i« often 

talented 

c ensaifaat or scientist can 
afford 10 years away from his 
job. So, to protect toe party 
froai^fhe Jow-caHbred, party, 
reformers are haring to 
dhraaatlri strtstoto thai.wro 
eQrifadaBy democratic hr in- 
tent. 

Ther aoesAm of *fr 
Gorbachov, w ha tev er Ids real 
ideas ateat reform (and . the 

Soviet : Hoc. is *■ 

dearer on that 

year ago), has _ 

considerable bonus to Goto 
a! Jvnddi 

Pnfisk relations with the 
Soviet Union are better how 
tha* for 28 years. General 
Jaraebkf is in control at last 
of all foe channels of com am - 
raestion to Moscow; a mBi- 
to |7 coBesgne, General Jozcf 

Baryla, oversees the truculent 

security services. The 
hardline Ambassador to Mos- 
cow, Mr Stanislav Kochdek, 
has bera replaced by a man 
wholly in the Gorbachov 
mould. The hardline opposi- 
tion to the general, which 
traditionally claims to hear 
secret voices from foe east, is 
is abeyance. 

It is, however, puffing up a 
fight. Although » cam da ha 
no support from Moscow, it is 
bnsy on factor shopfloora, in 
district cooncft sessions. The 
fine is this: the next party 
congress mast radically after 
the shape of the Cetoral 
Committee and the Fafitbrao 
to reflect the mterests of the 
ordinary worker. Economic 
reform in penalizing old-age 
pensioners and workers' fa 
heavy industry and allowing 
private profiteers to make 


hardliners are profit- 
ing from small mistakes by 
the Government onrer the past 
few months, partiadariy a 
series - .-of price . rises- »- 
mmced withoot dae prepara- 
tion SoneoCthe Yuppies -are 
prepared Id . fata to these 
siren cmBs. They are not 
oacritkal of tie Jarazebki 
fitted bat the general is 
preparing farthe comress 
wifo*vxopy*rfC3ansew0zin 
one hid, Marx in foe other. 

His lactic is to steal the 
dothes af the hanftinrta by 
paying smprise risks — and 
apart from a quick phonccall 
to the scarify oefi they really 
are surprises — to factories, 
dressing down managers and 
tryi n g to show that the party 
is still interested in protecting 
workers. . v. 

Gadhded * 


Pledge on 

Sydney (Reuter) - Anstra-- 
a has promised to dear tons 
f rubbish from its two 
-search stations in Mitarca- 
s after criticism from a 
ading British, scientist, Dr 
£n Lewis-Smith. 

The Science Minister, Mr 
any Jones,, told parliament 
iat the big dean-up aronna 
ie Casey. -and Witos bases 
-as expected tobe completed 

and MflfClL • 



_ WELLINGTON: Green- 
peace yesterday vowed to 
continue its campaign to 
make the Antarctic a world 
park and criticized Antarctic 
Treaty nations for their 
obstruction (Reuter reports). 
. Their flagship, ibe 

Greeopeac&.saued into Weir 

lington after sea icefouea its 
efforts but the expedition 
director, Mr Fete WiBonsoo. 
said they would resume the 
effort next-sammfsi. 


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OVERSEAS NEWS 


THE TIMESTHEIRSBAY FEBRBARF >1 31 9686V. 


Philippines election chaos: The focus switches to Washington 


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Reagan troubleshooter 
on Manila mission 
amid poll fraud anger 


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From Michael B'royon 
Washington: 

As Mr Philip Habib, die 
veteran State Deportment 
troubleshooter, was preparing 
yesterday to leave on his 
special mission to the Philip* 
pines. President Reagan left 
Washington for a short holi- 
day amid criticism of his 
muted reaction to fraud in 
the Philippines election. 

At a press conference on 
Tuesday, Mr Reagan refused 
to criticize President Marcos 
for his conduct of the 
election, insisting that the US 
wanted good relations with 
whatever government came 
to power. But many Con- 
gressmen, Democrats and 
most of the American press 
have called for a sharp and 
immediate response includ- 
ing a withholding of US aid. 

Senator John Kerry, a 
Democrat from Massachu- 
setts and one of the election 
observers, accused the White 
House of “either totally 
ignoring or dismissing out of 
hand" the observers* efforts 
to monitor the election. 



Mr Philip Habib; 
needs of the people. 

“There is hard evidence of 
fraud and the only question 
is whether the total resources 
of the US Government will 
be brought to bear in an 
attempt to reverse the trend 
that we and the American 
people have been witnessing 
in the Phiflipines," he said 
Announcing that he was 
sending Mr Habib, a former 
Assistant Secretary of 
State,“to assess the desires 
and needs of the Filipino 
people**, Mr Reagan said on 


Tuesday that it was 
“disturbing" that the election 
had been flawed by reports of 
fraud and violence. The US 
was concerned' because the 
Manila Government needed 
an authentic popular man- 
date to fight communist 
insurgency. 

The Habib mission is seen 
as a stalling device while the 
White House tries to put 
diplomatic pressure cm Mr 
Marcos Its reluctance to 
condemn him publicly stems 
from Mr Reagan's belief that 
good relations are essential 
because of the paramount 
importance of the US bases. 
Nor does he want to be seen 
to be undermining an old ally 

The Administration is, 
however, following the rec- 
ommendations of Senator 
Richard Lugar, head of the 
Congressional observer team, 
not to accept Mr Marcos's 
declaration of victory, or to 
label the election fraudulent, 
giving him the excuse to 
discard the result and take 
over as dictator. 



leading article, page 13 


A Roman Catholic mm 
presidential palace in 


a wooden cross on a barbed wire barricade at the 
after a march protesti n g at the Marcos regime. 


so 


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When goons came White House stresses its neutral role 
for ex-governor 


From Our Own Correspondent, Washington 


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From David Watts, Manila 


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There woe no foreign 
election observers around 
when the goons came for Mr 
Evelio Javier. There were no 
embassy political officers on 
band to see how the “two- 
party system” really works in 
the PSsffippIffles. 

When four masked gunmen 
opened fire with ArmaHte 
rifles near the town hall in 
the provincial capital of 
Antique, Mr Javier was hit in 
the right shoulder. He sfag- 
m gered into the lavatory of a 
m small shop and leaned 
£ against the door in an 
wo attempt to protect himself. 
The gamttMt- “goons” as they 

are called hi the Philippines, 

fired through the wooden 

door. Then they forced their 

mil way in, stiD firing, and 
pe finished him off. 
h Mr Javier, Harvard law 
m graduate, admirer of John 
g Kennedy and forma governor 
op of the province, had learnt his 
E democratic lessons in the 
pc United States. He had every 
* reason not to fight the 
uu election ho Antique this ti™*. 
He had already sent his wife 
in and two children to safety. 


In tee 1984 parliamentary 
elections he escaped an am- 
bush in which some of his 
relatives were killed. He lost 

A prima fade case for 
multiple murder against the 
local KBL (New Society 
Movement) MP, Mr Arturo 
Facificador, and his men had 
already been filed. 

“I am fightmg against one 
of tee top warioris at the 
KBL, a really mad dog ... he 
has already poured a lot of 
fnnds and noons into 
Antique,** said Mr Javier in a 
taped report to Mrs Corazoa 
Aquino's campaign office. 

“1 suppose thm is nobody 
else who has the motive to 
have me liquidated except Mr 
Facificador. It has even been 
reported to me that the sod of 
Padficador, who is a Xerox 
copy of his father in terror- 
ism, was complaining that it 
is Javier who is a stumbling 
block to their political ambi- 
tions in Antique.** 

Today Mrs Aquino will 
meet Mr Javier's coffin at 
Manila airport and lead a 
motorcade through the 
streets. 


Insisting that the US is 
neutral in the Philippines 
election. President Reagan 
has refUsed to condemn the 
reported fraud and intimida- 
tion and said that it was np 
to the Filipino people to 
determine who was in power 
in Manila. 

The US would try to 
continue the relationship re- 
gardless of what government 
was elected, he said on 
Tuesday. 

And be insisted that .the 
importance of American 
bases there — to .the US, to 
the Western world, and to the 
Philli pines themselves — 
could not be minimized. The 
US had to have bases placed 
so that it could send forces to 
reopen vital sea lanes if they 
were blocked by the Rus- 
sians. 

He evaded repeated at- 
tempts, at a nationally-tele- 
vised press conference, to 
elicit his reaction to the 
report from a congressional 
observer team, and said that 
it would not be proper to 
comment on the election 
until the counting was com- 
pleted. . 

• Mr Reagan said that lie . 
was . concerned about the. 


violence and “the appearance 
of fraud”, but that this could 
have occurred on both sides. 
He was encouraged by the 
foot that there was evidently 
a two-party system and a 
pluralism that would benefit 
all Filipinos. 

The US, he insisted, was 
backing the forces of democ- 
racy. “The people there are 


Cardinal for UK 


Manila (Renter) — Cardi- 
nal Sol, Archbishop of Ma- 
nila, will pay a three-day visit 
to London next month, arriv- 
ing on March 1 after a step 
in Rome for meetings at the 
Vatican. A spokesman said 
be had beat Invited by 
Cardinal Home. 


voting, and the only party 
that boycotted the election 
was the C ommunist Party.” 

• Shcharansky: On the re- 
lease of Mr Anatoly 
Shcharansky, the Soviet Jew- 
ish dissident, Mr Reagan was 
encouraged; he hoped it was 
a sign that more such releases 
would take place. He could 
not judge Soviet motives, but 
said that since the Geneva 
summit in November dissi- 


dents had been set free at a 
rate not seen for years. 

He could not judge the 
validity of Soviet arguments 
that such dissidents as Dr 
Andrei Sakharov could not 
leave because they had access 
to secrets. “But they have 
made a start, and I hope it is 
just a start” 

Mr Reagan said he wanted 
the date of the next summit 
fixed, but did not think that 
Mr Gorbachov was trying to 
avoid it or to obtain conces- 
sions on arms control “That 
kind of linkage won't work.” 

• Libya: He denied that 
resumed US naval exercises 
were intended to make an 
impression on Colonel 
Muamxnar Gadaffi, the Liby- . 
an leader; they were simply 
to keep the Navy “in fighting 
shape”. 

• Haiti: He hoped he could 
help the interim government 
to institute democracy, but 
would not say if the US 
would increase its aid. It had 
not given former President 
Duvalier any strong advice to 
leave, “and be never asked ns 
for any." 

• US bodges: Mr Reagan 
opened his press conference,. 


the second in a month, with a 
defence of his “lair and 
responsible” budget. A recent 
court ruling outlawing part of 
his. legislation intended to 
produce a balanced budget 
would not reduce the obliga- 
tion to bring the budget 
under control. Those who 
declared it DOA - Dead on 
Arrival - were really calling 
for a tax increase, which he 
said would be VOA - Vetoed 
on Arrival 

He was doing no mine 
than trimming the fat from 
many Federal domestic pro- 
grammes, which in any case 
could be run better and more 
cheaply by states and local 
authorities. 


• Gril rights: Defending his 
Administration's attempt to 
change “affirmative action” 
regulations on hiring blades 
and women, he insisted that 
he was only opposing the use 
of quotas by unimag inative 
bureaucrats. 

Defending his own civil 
rights record, he said: 
“Frankly. I was doing thing ? 
about aril rights before there 
was such a programme. We 
must have a colour-blind 
society.” 


No swap America 
hope for deports 



Bnton 


Nazi 

Croat 


From Christopher Walker 

Moscow 


Senior British Embassy 
sources denied categorically 
vestenfay a recent report m 
the West German newspaper 
Bild r , *» frr » 1 ? that the British 
and Soviet governments were 
now negotiating a secret spy 
rv 4.fl«y. which would be pat 
into efe later this year. 


Washington (Renter) - 
Andrija Artukovic, accused 
nf Kiting 700.000 Jews, Seris 
and gypsies during the Sec- 
ond World War, was extra- 
dited yesteiday to Yugoslavia 
to. sand trim on murder 
charges, the US Justice De- 
partment said here.. 

The departure of 
Artukovic, Interior Minister 
for the Nazi puppet state of 


The report, which appeared j Croatia, ends a long legal 


last week, had gamed cre- 
dence in certain diplomatic 
circles because Bild was the 
conduit selected^ by, the 
Kremlin to leak first details 
of Tuesday’s dramatic East- 
West prisoner exchange, 
which included the promi- 
nent Jewish dissident, Mr 
Anatoly Shcharansky. 

“As far as we are con- 
cerned, no ne go tiati o ns are 
going on, and we have no 
knowledge that any such 
negotrtions are planned,” the 
British sources said. 

It has been disclosed for 
the first time that only one 
Briton is being held in a 
Soviet prison. He was arrest- 
ed and convicted — with no 
publicity - on a serious drugs 
charge last year. In answer to 
a question from The Times, 
the British Embassy named 
him last night as Mr William 
Mark OJefker, who was 
sentenced in October to five 
years* imprisonment for pos- 
session of hashish. 

U is understood that Mr 
Olefker, who is in his early 
30 s, was flying from India to 
Holland via the Soviet Union 
when he was arrested 


battle involving the Justice 
Department’s Office of Spe- 
cial Investigations and paves 
the way for his trial in 
Yugoslavia on multiple mur- 
der charges, officials said. 

Hie 8£year-old Artukovic, 
who suffers from various 
physical and mental ailments, 
entered the US in 1948. He 
had argued that he would be 
denied a fair trial in Yugosla- 
via and that be could not be 
prosecuted because Yugosla- 
via has a 23-year statute of 
limitations for capital crimes; 


Plane caught 
in power lute 

Ontario, California (AP) — 
A single-engine plane coming 
in loo low al the airport here 
tangled in 220,000-volt power 
lines and- the two men inside 
hung 80ft in the air for four 
hours until freed. 

As Dean Rath, aged 58, 
and Ed Washburn dangled 
from seatbehs, rescuers used 
hydraulic lifts to steady the 
plane and take up firemen to 
free the men. 


Party sacks 


He recently had his appeal | . 

turned down by the Soviet ffYn Writer 
authorities and is now serv- __ _ 


mg his sentence in a prison 
some distance cast of Mos- 
cow. 

British officials ruled out 
the possibility that he might 
be involved in ahy future 
exchanges with convicted 
spies serving sentences in 
Britain. “It is very hand to 
envisage such a move being 
made,” said one. 

No iwtwwdwte details were 
available on his living condi- 
tions is a penal system which 
is notorious for secrecy and 
harsh conditions. 

These often indude the 
imposition of forced labour 
in heavily-guarded camps 
where temperatures frequent- 
ly fall below zero. 

It is understood that Mr 
Olefker has been visited by 
Embassy gnwmiar officials, 
but no information is avail- 
able about facilities, if any, 
being arranged for visits from 
relatives. 


Hong Kong (Renter) — 
Phinr has expeUed a l eading 
writer from tire Communist 
Party and stripped him of 
senior posts in a campaign 
against corruption and “deca- 
dent ideas”. 

The pro-Peking Ta Rung 
Poo said Mr Zhou Ezfu, aged 
72, was dismissed fin- viewing 
pornographic films and visit- 
ing a shrine to Japanese war 
dead during a visit to Tokyo 
last October. 


Britannia to 


Ur 


Fifty held after Paris bomb deaths 

By Oca- Foreign Staff 


at 

£ French anti-terrorist police 
ri yesterday detained about 50 
y t people of Middle Eastern 
Ei origin in connection with 
£ recent bomb attacks in Paris 
a in which 21 people died, an 
“ Interior Ministry spokesman 
tv said. 

S The spokesman said that 


2 they were Iranian, Syrian, 
a Iraqi and Lebanese nationals, 
m They were taken into custody 
|n during a co-ordinated dawn 
* operation in Paris and eight 
mother cities, by the internal 
c stale security police, the 
c DST. 

L. 


It was hoped that the 
detentions would help to 
track down the bombers, the 
spokesman said, but none of 
the detainees was specifically 
suspected of having planted 
the bombs. Any of them 
found to be living in France 
illegally would be expelled, he 
added. 

Security sources said that 
the swoop was the biggest of 
its kind in France since 
Armenian guerrillas Irifled- 
eight people in a bomb blast 
at Otfy airport in Paris in 
1983. 


Three bomb attacks bit 
crowded shops in Puis with- 
in 48 hours last week. A 
fourth device was found and 
defused in the Eiffel tower. 


French police yesterday 
also reteased photographs of 
two men, believed to. be 
Iranian, wanted after they 
fled from a car stopped by 
police in Paris on Friday 
evening. The police found 
two guns, documents and 
photographs in tire car, which 
had a West German number- 
plate. 


F 

fC 

BO 

tr 

v 

m 


Ivory Coast and Israel 
restore ties at last 


* From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

j; After nearly two months of Israeli diplomats 
y dithering, Ivory Coast yester- 
L day formally agreed to re- 
f open diplomatic relations 
c with IsraeL 

£ The announcement was 
promised at a 


n originally 


pu secret meeting in Geneva in 


7 mid-December between Mr 
{; Shimon Peres, the Israeli 
e Prime Minister, and Presi- 
° dent Houphouet-Boigny. 

| Despite the promises, noth- 
f mg happened and there had 
( been fears here that the 
{diplomatic breakthrough in 


< black Africa, which Israel has 
s heen seeking, would fail 


l Along with almost all the 
t blade African states. Ivory 
, Coast broke off diplomatic 
: relations with Israel in No- 
| vember, 1973, as a sign of 
* solidarity with Egypt, a fellow 
! member of the Organization 
a of African Unity. Although 


have 

worked hard behind the 
scenes for more than a 
decade, only six African 
countries, including Egypt, 
have since resumed diplo- 
matic relations. 

W inning recognition from 
Ivory Coast is seen as of 
crucial significance because 
President Houphouet-Boigny 
is an established elder states- 
men, with considerable influ- 
ence, particularly in 
Francophone Africa. 

There is confident expecta- 
tion that two other African 
states, possibly Togo and 
Gabon or Ghana, will soon 
follow the Ivory Coast exam- 
ple and start a fashion among 
other countries to normalize 
.relations with Is raeL 


Last month Spain for the 
'first lime gave diplomatic 
recognition to Israel 


Staff lockup 
press owner 
in his offices 


Frran Our Correspondent 
Paris 


M Philippe Hersant, the 
right-wing newspaper mag- 
nate was yesterday locked m 
the offices of one of his 
newspapers, L'Union de 
Reims, by switchboard opera- 
tors who belong to the 
communist CGT trade 
union. 

CGT members decided to 
strike on Tuesday evening, 
and the newspaper did not 
appear yesterday. 

M Hersant and other 
members of the newspaper’s 
management, including the 
editor, M Pascal Sellier, had 
been distributing awards to 
workers when they were 
locked in their offices. A 
CGT spokesman said: “M 
Hersant does not negotiate, 
he just imposes conditions,” 
adding that workers were in 
danger of losing benefits. 



Runcie praises work 
of Mother Teresa 


rescue again 

Cairns, Queensland (AFP) 
— A seriously ill man was 
flown ashore here from the 
royal yacht Britannia after it 
answered a distress call from 
a disabled motor launch, the 
African Queen. 

Britannia picked up two 
men about 330 miles north of 
Cairns and called a helicopter 
evacuation for one believed 
to have a perforated ulcer. 
Last month Bri tannia evacu- 
ated foreigners during the 
coup in South Yemen. 


Delhi (Reuter) - The Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, Dr 
Robert Runcie, told worship- 
pers in Calcutta yesterday 
that Chris tians should be in 
the forefront of social and 
economic reform, the Press 
Trust of India- reported. 

“Christian poverty does 
not mean penury. It does not 
mean starvation and 
homelessness. These are not 
virtues, but evils to be 
resisted and destroyed,” he 
said in an Ash Wednesday 
sermon. 

The Archbishop, . who 
started a 20-day Indian visit 
last Sunday, praised the work 


of Mother Teresa, the Roman 
Catholic non who won. the 
Nobel Peace Prize for her 
work among the destitute and 
dying. 

Dr Runcie said Mother 
Teresa's practical compassion 
sprang, from the deepest 
spiritual roots, from a life of 
disciplined prayer. 

The Archbishop arrived in 
Calcutta with Mother Teresa 
' yesterday for a three-day 
visit. He was scheduled to 
visit her home for the 
destitute dying today. 

Dr Runcie also will tour 
the Christian heartland of 
southern India. 


Storm deaths 


Delhi (AFP) — Eleven 
people have died in hail- 
storms lashing the western 
coastal state of Maharashtra 
since Friday, the Press Trust 
of India said. 


Panda bonus 


Peking (Reuter) — Chinese 
researchers have discovered 
that finicky giant pandas will 
eat imported rye grass. This 
should increase their chances 
of avoiding extinction, the 
Guangming Daily reports. 


Royalty deal 


Heme at last the released Soviet dissident, Mr Anatoly 
S hc h arans ky^ with Us wife Avitalon the balcony of her 
apartment yesterday. 


Two killed in 
anti-Gemayel 
bomb blast 


Nasa studies effects of 
cold on shuttle seals 

From Mohsin AH, Washington 


From Our Correspondent 
Beirut 


Nasa officials have tokl the 
commission investigating the 
Challenger shuttle explosion 
that they are studying the 
effects of cold on critical seals 
in joints of the booster 
rockets. 

They disclosed this after 
Mr Richard Feyman, a com- 
mission member and Nobel 
laureate in physics, made a 
simple test- He held a piece 
of rubber from the booster 
seals in iced water. The seal 
is supposed to remain resil- 
ient to keep joints leakproof 


Mr Feyman said there was no 
resflience at 32 degrees Fahr- 
enheit. 

Failure of the seals is 
believed by some experts to 
be the cause of the flame 
from the starboard booster 
that may have triggered the 
explosion In which the crew 
of seven died on January 28. 
It had been 38 degrees on the 
launch pad. 

Mr Lawrence Mulloy, a 
Nasa official sakl the agency 
had not concluded that the 
seal was the cause. 


A bomb exploded yester- 
day near an office of the 
Phalange Party of President 
Amin Gemayel of Lebanon, 
killing two women mid 
wounding 10 other civilians. 

The bombing, in Christian 
east Beirut, was the fourth 
attack against Phaiangist of- 
fices in a month 
It followed less than 24 
hours after the Christian 
Lebanese Forces militia, 
which is allied with tire.' 
President, rounded up 64 
rival supporters of Elie 
Hobcika, the militia leader 
who fled to France. 

They claimed that Hobeika 
backers were behind the 
previous .three bombings. 


Politician has 
to go in 
bribes scandal 


Hamburg (Reuter) - The 
American CBS network has 
bought the world rights to 
Royalty, a West German 
television series on the Brit- 
ish Royal Family, it was 
announced here. 


New York (Reuter) — Mr , . . 

Donald Manes, one of New JJniO flCUlllI 

York Ci tv’s most nmnm-fiil 1 . ® 

Nairobi (Reuter) — Presi- 


York City’s most powerful 
politicians, resigned yesterday 
amid, a scandal that has 
rocked the administration of 
the Mayor, Mr Edward Koch. 

The news came after the 
scandal involving bribery 
and corruption in the city’s 
Parking Violations Bureau, 


dent Moi of Kenya has 
denied reports that tire Gov- 
ernment is putting birth 
control drugs into free milk 
supplied to school children to 
euro the country’s high birth 
rate. 


had already toppled a num- 
ber of officials. 

In January, he was found 
with near-fetai wounds and 
later admitted he had slabbed 
him sel f . A. partner in a 
collection agency contracted 


Bodies found 


to the park i n g bureau then 
said! Mr Manes had extorted 
$36,000 (£25,000) from the 
agency. The district 
attorney’s office said it was 
still considering chaiyy 


Athens (Reuter) — Helicop- 
ters and planes yesterday 
found the bodies of seven of 
the nine seamen missing 
from the Greek cargo ship 
Unity that sank in a storm 
south of the Peloponnese on 
Tuesday night 


Taba talks 




fS ue Excel/© 




The 

Manchester MBA 


Dream car inventor steers round Poland’s bureaucrats 


From Roger Boyes 
Warsaw 


The Master's Degree in Business Adme w t i ation 
jt Manchester Business School has won Int e rnational 
lecogratton for Its project based approach and .its graduates 
we sought out by top company lecnutets. 

A part-time altemshve to avatobte. 
if you would Bee to talk informaly with WfiS staff about the' 
ways in which an MBA could lit in with your career strategy,' 
come along at any tana between 430 - 7 .00 pm to the 


HYDE PARK HOTEL, LONDON 


FRIDAY 14 FEBRUARY 1986 


Man Ksnneriey. Postgraduate Centra. 


Manchester Business School 

UK1VHRSTTY Of MANCHESTER 


J® 4 ** Straw Wen, Manchester MIS 6P8. 


TW: 061-273 8Z2S E*t 153 


A top-level i n ve stiga tion 
bas been ordered into the 
case of a neglected Polish 
inventor whose radical fed- 
saving device co&ld rerpla- 
♦innira the r n/rfnr industry. 

For more than 30 years 
nobody has bettered the 
claims of Mr Alojzy 
Kowalski whose private ex- 
periments showed that a 
relatively simple engine adap- 
tor could cut petrol use by 50 
per cent. 

Bureaucrats have repeated- 
ly Mocked the progress of the 
engineer, but now the Prime 
Minister, Mr Zbigniew 
Messaer, has put a control 
am on fee case, and 


General Wojdeeh Jaiwmblri, 
fee Pottsh leader, has public- 
ly praised Mr Kowalski. 

A recent test drive showed 
fee fed saver was not a 
figment of Mr Kowalski's 
imagin at io n. A bottle contain- 
ing a litre ei 94-octane petrol 
which fed directly into the 
tank was attached to the 
windscreen ei an 
Foloaez saloon. 


Early m fee drive, feresgb 
fee rush-hour traffic of fee 
city of Tornn, fee find 
disappeared quickly. But as 
soon as the vehicle was oa a 
good road outside fee city and 
settled on a speed oi about 
55-bOmpb, fee engine drank 
fee petrol very slowly. 

Even wife strong wind and* 


rain on fee ret u r n jonraey the 
car achieved 14 miles (22 £ 
km) on a litre of fed. 

According to one Western 
sarrey, fee most economical 
car in fee world far a Nissan, 
which can cover about 
205km a litre. Bid fee 
Nissan b more than 0601b 
lighter than fee Polish- 
produced Potonez. 

The idea came to Mr 
Kowalski in fee 1950s as he 
stood at a busy Warsaw 
crossroads and saw fee ex- 
haust feme haze. In those 
days he worked in a driving 
school and was aWe to test 
fee prototype, cutting tire fuel 
isnsunptiou of an old Ope) 
Kadett by about a fend 

He sent documents and 


drawings to fee patent nffina, 

which acknowledged the let- 
ter - and fees l ost it 
Official indifference, fee 
destruction of tire original 
Opel and the dosing of the 
driving school pat fee project' 
on ice. Instead be worked at a 
car service plant 
Last year he tried again to 
interest fee authorities in his 
fuel saver. He installed it In 
his own car and borrowed 
petrol from friends — fad is 
rationed in Poland — so feat 
he coald do a test drive over 
25,000 kilometres. 

Experts from Warsaw de- 
clared that fee car would 
need to be tested by them for. 
about 200 hoars and fear Mr 
Kowalski wotrid have to pay 


15(1000 ziotxes (£625) - nine 
months’ average wages — fin- 
fee tests. 

That was out of the 

question. The Ministry of 
Steel and Mechanical Enri- 
n»fing ordered fee mafe 
Fohsh car factory to test the 
cai; ha Mr .Kowalski was 
afraid that fee car would be 
frkeu away, perhaps be 
*hwed, and fee invention 
stolen or Hwamaf fj 


Herzliya, Israel (Renter) - 
Israel and Egypt resumed 
talks, on arranging arbitration 
for the border dispute over 
the Sinai enclave ofTaba and 
on improving bilateral rela- 
tions. 


Exam tragedy 


Tokyo (Reuter) - A Japa- 
nese schoolboy aged 15, 
fortified of failing high-school 
entrance examinations, used 
the sash of his judo tunic to 
hang himself at his home in 
Toyama prefecture. 


However, dm enriroauneu-' 
fal protection institute m 
Term has tested fee engine 
a®* fee contents of fee 
The result is re- 
markable: fee exhaust carbon 
monoxide Is less fe*n O.i 
cart. The Polish standard 
■Bowed is 4S per cent. 


Naked eye 


Johannesburg (Reuter) - 
The stale-run South African 
Broadcasting Corporation 
sacked a number of staff after 
Natal television viewers 
wa * c hi n 8 an Afiikaanafan- 
guage news programme got a 
gfonpse of a naked couple 
making love. 




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Jan 85 


Some Financial Times Data. Monthly average share prices (2/L8S - 100). Imperial Group and Hanson "Bust Share Prices. 


Dec 85 


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'Vbu may have wondered why Hansoris 
share price so dramatically underperformed 
the market in 1985. 

Could it be that investors have come to 
realise that Hanson’s growth is dependent on 
successively larger acquisitions? 

That 77% of its companies are operating 
in declining industries? 

That the current trading performance of 


most Hanson companies is at best pedestrian? 

ThatHanson plans to issue another massive 
amount of convertible to take over Imperial? 

That this would result in Hanson convert- 
ible accounting for nearly a third of all UK. 
convertible issues? 

Or is there some- l^ySSSSi 
thing else we don’t 
know? 


■■n*r% — t-t-'v-*- 

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hate taken iB reasonable care to emuioifrattheiacte stated mdooinfona expressed are fair and accnndciTte director acceptri 


.94 




THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 


SPECTRUM 



Brit 




all 



motor 


5 * 


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PR 


BIOGRAPHY 


I’ 




I LE 






LAND ROVER 


jTM^ here can't be many car 
P makers who supply cus- 

p» tomers with a booklet 

j2 m telling them how to turn 
their vehicles into wash- 
ing machines. My copy of the 
“Official Guide to Land Rover 
Expeditions" is stained with 
travel But alongside the laconic 
Birmingham view that “the 
Han ge r of snake bile tends to be 
exaggerated" I can still read a 
piece of basic Land Rover know- 
how which has helped to main- 
tain the standards of civilized 
living in the furthest flung 
comers of both hemispheres. 

“A convenient way of washing 
clothes whilst travelling", it says, 
“is to put them in a waterproof 
sealed, container in the back of 
the vehicle with a suitable 
amount of water and washing 
powder". 

That advice tells us a lot about 
Land Rovers. It suggests, for one 
thing, that they jolt about, which 
they do. {Although the new. 
sophisticated coil-sprung models 
are a bit more cissy in this 
respect). It also sums up the 
mixture of rugged practicality 
and romantic adventure which 
has been the special appeal of the 
Land Rover for nearly 3S years. 
“It's one of the things that makes 
you proud to be British", says 
Land Rover saies manager i im 
Ackerley. However, it may not be 
British for much longer. The 
giant American firm General 
Motors is negotiating to take 
over the Land Rover-Leyland 
trucks group, which makes the 
Land Rover. 

What is the secret of its long- 
lasting worldwide success? Much 
can be traced back to the 
circumstances of its birth, in the 
austere post-war era. The Rover 
company was struggling. Its 
products were smooth, bulbous 
saloons smelling of polished 
walnut and fine leather, favoured 
by British doctors. They were in 
demand, but the government 
refused to allocate steel to any 
company not pulling its weight in 
the export markets. The foreign 
market for Rovers was virtually 
niL There wasn’t even a world- 
wide dealer network. The Rover 
directors knew they either had to 
make something that could be 
exported, or go under, like so 
many other car makers during 
that period. 

History relates that the idea 
was born on a farm on the Isle of 
Anglesey that belonged to Mau- 
rice Wilks, Rover’s technical 


chief. His brother. Spencer Wilks, 
was Rover’s managing director. 
Maurice used an old army 
surplus jeep to do odd jobs 
around his farm. “What are you 
going to do when that wears 
outr asked Spencer one week- 
end. “Buy another", said Man- 
rice. 'There isn’t anything else”. 
In a flash, so the story goes, they 
both realized they had their 
export product. Maurice started 
laying it out on the drawing 
board on the Monday morning. 

Their eyes were on what is now 
known as the developing world. 
They saw a huge market for a 
simple vehicle that would do 
most of the things the tractor 
could do. and yet be capable of 
behaving much like a car. There 
was great emphasis on providing 
“power take-offs”, so that people 
could use them to run their saw 
benches or pumps, all the things 
that Maurice used his tractor for 
at weekends. 


"TC& &T akc it quickly and 
I /H keep it cheap was 
S m tJbe on * er - There 
1 V -A was no capital for 
expensive re-tool- 
ing and jigging Shortage of funds 
forced them into decisions which 
later turned out to have been 
brilliant strokes of design fore- 
sight. The chassis is a case in 
point. The normal procedure 
would have been to invest in 
machines to turn out strong, 
girder-like steel pressings. But 
they chose a cheaper way by 
welding strips of flat sheet steel 
together to make long box 
structures, it turned out to be 
much more rigid than a conven- 
tional chassis. It lasted longer, 
too. While steel was short, there 
were still supplies of aluminium 
left over from the war-time 
aircraft industry. So they used 
non-rusting aluminium alloy for 
the bodywork and diverted their 
extra steel quota to the cars. 



194&On 30 Aprflit makes its first 
appearance at the Amsterdam 
Motor Show. Permanent 
four-wheel drive. Doors 
optional extra. Price £450. 
Firm deliveries in July. On 

second thoughts they 
decided to make doors 
standard for the same 
price. In October the first 
station wagon version was 

built. Classed as a private car, 

it attracted purchase tax. 

Price £959. 


'■a** ‘U. . ■- 




\ ‘ M' 
! * ‘ 




utki C 

WS^Y*iS 


to 


Debut 1948, price 


1950: Metal hardtop offered as 

alternating to canVSS HOOT. 


1954: The first long wheelbase 
(107 inch) version produced. 

1356: Another two inches tacked 
onto both long and short 
models. A Mr C. Kidson of 
Wareham in Dorset won his 
appeal against a fine of £3 
for exceeding the 30 mph 
commercial speed ttmit in 
his Land Lord. Lord Chief 
Justice Goddard ruled that 
the Land Rover was “a dual 
purpose vs hide", not 
subject to goods vehicle speed 
limits. 



War work-horse: in On 


SW! 


1957: The first diesel Land Rover 
offered. 

1958: The launch of the series H, 
with neater, rounder styling, 
£640 for short wheelbase, 
£730 for long wheelbase. 

1959: November saw the 
250.000th Land Rover. 



County set going up-market 


1986: April saw the 500, 000th 
Land Rover. 


double production by 1980a 
with £200 million 
investment programme. 


1979: Launch of V-8 engine Land 
Rover. 


1969: Headlamps moved from 
radiator to front wings. 

1970: Land Rover sprouts luxury 
cousin, the Range- Rover. 

1971: October sees launch of 

series III Land Rovers with ns 
synchromeshed gear-box, 
smartened-up facia and new 
radiator grill. 

1976: June sees production of 
miffionth Land Rover. 


At the ssmmit the Land Hover, symbol of British initiative hot soon, perhaps, to be American-owned 


1978: Reorganization of British 
Leytand, formation of Land 
Rover Limited and plan to 


1982; Launch of the “county” 
station wagon. 

1983aaunch of the 110 model 
with new coil spring 
suspension, five-speed 
gearboxes, one piece 
windscreen and power 
steering. Less noise for more 
power. 

1985:Launch of 90 model. All 1 10 
refinements on short 
wheelbase. Total of 
1,365.054 Land Rovers 
produced at end of year, 
selling in 120 countries. 


The almost accidental result 
was a vehicle of amazing strength 
and rigidity which h 2 d most of 
its weight low down, making it 
safe for turbulent cross country 
work. It also lasted for years. 
How long? “We don’t know, 
yet”, says Tim Ackerley, produc- 
ing one of the standard Solihull 
jokes. “We’ve only been making 
them since 1948..." 


It was unveiled to huge and 
unexpected acclaim at a motor 
show in Holland, it quickly 
became obvious that it was going 


to be more than a utility vehicle 
for working farmers. Farmers 
certainly bought iL But so did 
plumbers, engineers, policemen, 
the military and he-men every- 
where, as well as that gentler 
section of British society with 
Land Rover-like qualities of 
endurance known as “the 
county". The Rover company 
suddenly realized that it had 
invented a new kind of car. 

Once you have owned one. it is 
difficult to get rid of the bug. Of 
course, they drink petrol and are 
full of sharp corners which jab 
into unwary knees and catch on 
the pockets of Barbour jackets. 
The optional extra “de luxe" 
seats have always been a virtual 
necessity, and a bit of carpet 


helps make them reasonably 
habitable upfront Newer models 
(and Land Rover owners call 


‘newer models" anything up to 
10 years old) have a place for a 
radio, which is a joke. The only 
music needed is the amiable 
baritone warbling sound which 
echoes up through the chassis in • 
top gear on the open road, the 
Lana Rover song. 

In the roughest country and the 
toughest conditions, they inspire 
comforting feelings of being high 
and dry and safely at home. Even 
if the driving compartment does 
sometimes ship water, it is a 
simple matter to drive onto a 
slope, open the lower door, and 
let it out. If something goes 
wrong, however remote and 


hopeless the situation may ap- 
pear, there always seems to be 
someone around who “knows 
Land Rover;" 

Our efforts to make democra- 
cy slick throughout the Empire 
may not have been altogether 
successful. But in the remotest 
Arab souk or African township 
there will usually be someone 
who has received a thorough 
grounding in the principles of the 
Solihull cooling system. 


B olted . together in 
Meccano style.they are 
a joy to play with and 
maintain. To anyone 
used to a mass produc- 
tion car plant, the factory at 
Solihull seems a very strange 


[dace. There are certainly robots 
and computers somewhere in the 
background stitching parts to- 
gether. But the mam assembly 
line is staffed by groups of men 
wielding spanners and drills. As 
the vehicles proceed down the 
line they gradually assume a 
variety of shapes and configura- 
tions, according to what some 
dealer or customer has demand- 
ed. 

Pride in the product abounds. 
The people who make Land 
Rovers buy them thnnselves - 
and they work atThe works car 
park is full of while other BL 
people work at “Longbridge" or 
“Cowley”.) They cultivate a 
generous, charitable view of the 
opposition, befitting people who 


are sure of their place at the top. 
“I fed genuinely disappointed 
about the Mercedes”, says the 
Land Rover demonstration man- 
ager, Roger Craythorne, referring 
to the German cross country 
challenger. “Beautifully engi- 
neered, but the marketing ... 
such a pity". 

There is something strangely 
British about the whole episode. 
It's a story that contains more 
than a hint of brilliant, backs-! o- 
the-wall amateurism (although 
Solihull will not like that word). 
It will be interesting to see 
whether such an atmospbere can 
survive role from Detroit. 


Pearson Phillips 


Death 


$Tinm Newspapers Ltd, T888 




The flying eye that works miracles 


* . .--ji 


K'j 

-cl ' \X 


I 








How a dedicated 
team of surgeons 
is helping to 
cure the blind of 
the Third World 





t v y- >* 



^stakes move 
without us. 


Just one visit to the new CNT Property Centre gives you a choice 
of 12 New Towns in one location. 


The boy was black, barefoot- 
ed and completely blind from 
congenita! cataracts. His 
name was Isaiah and he was 
five years old. He arrived at 
the plane with his little 'sister 
and their friend, both of 
them blind, too. In Swazi- 
land, as in the rest of the 
Third World, it is a tragically 
commonplace affliction. 

The operations took place 
aboard the stationary plane at 
the airport and when Isaiah 
came out of the operating 
theatre, be sat up in his 
recovery cot and sang Jerusa- 
lem and there was not a dry 
eye in the DC-8. The next 
morning the doctors took off 
the patches and for the first 
time in their short lives, all 
three children could see. 

The story still brings a hint 
of moisture to Oliver Foot’s 
eyes, yet it is one of 
thousands he has seen as 
executive director of Project 
Orbis. “Miracles” have be- 
come his way of life. Yet that 
is not essentially what the 
Internationa] Flying Eye Hos- 
pital is all about 

Its primary purpose is as a 
teaching machine, a means of 


educating ophthalmologists 
around the world in tire 
business of preventing, treat- 
ing and curing blindness. 
With more than 42 million 
blind people in the world and 
another 500 million who 
suffer from disabling eye 
diseases that could lead to 
blindness, it is scarcely sur- 
prising that Orbis is haded as 
the “the flying white bird 
carrying miracles” when it 
arrives in underdeveloped 
nations. 

In the past four years it has 
held 57 programmes in 36 
countries, operated on 4,000 
patients and restored sight in 
varying degrees to almost all 
of them. But that is a bonus.- 
“The important point is that 
we have taught 3,500 doctors 
across the world how to carry 
out the operations 
themselves”, says Foot, “and 
the multiplication effect 
means that there are thou- 
sands more who have learned 
since.” 


behind Orbis, who was plan- 
ning the project’s maiden 
trip. 

When Foot returned home 
to New York, he received a 
call offering him a job as 
Orbis’s director of external 
affairs. Eighteen months later 
he was promoted to executive 
director. 

Currently in London on a 
rare and brief visit, having 
left Orbis in Iraq on its first 
mission into a war zone, Foot 
enthused about the project’s 
overall achievements. 

“What is so wonderful is 
that because we are non- 


An earnest, likeable 40- 
year-old former actor, theatri- 
cal producer and public 
relations director. Foot is the 
son of Lord Caradon, 
Britain's one-time ambassa- 
dor to the United Nations, 
and the nephew of former 
Labour leader Michael Fool 
I t was while Oliver Foot 
was on holiday in Jamaica 
with his wife and two 
children at the beginning of 
1982 that he bumped into Dr 
David Pa ton, the Houston 
eye surgeon and inspiration 



Reaching cat: Ofiver Foot 


Britain's new CNT Property Centre 
near London's Piccadilly is now open 

So if you're thinking aboui moving your 
business, making an investment or locking 
for land to develop there are powerful 
reasons why we should be your first stop 
The CNT Property Centre has more 
industrial and commercial space, more 
warehouses and more development land in 
more places than you believed it possible 
tofindinonelocartoa 

But we also heip to simplify »he 
selection process by bnnainc a rare com- 
bination of industrial, romm.emaj and 
gevernmemai experience to bear cn your 
particular problem And that applies 
whether your company is large or small 
The CNT is responsible for the assets 


of 12 mature New Tbwns up and down the 
country all with easy access to motorways 
and major centres. 

They contain prime properties in all 
sines Surne to purchase, some ;o rent And 
many have the added advantage' of being 
in intermediate and development areas or 
an enterprise zone 

So much choice of opportunity, nee 
ser.nce and sound advice in one location 
could save you weeks of trudging round 
horn. Ouice-to-Ouice. Not to mention •ov.Ti- 
to-iown. 

Your first step towards successful 
relocation or investment a to telepr.ar.e 
jaraes Oraifons office on 01-935 6100. 

Qrhervr.se you ii always wonder whst 
you missed 


CONCISE CROSSWORD (No 874) 


ACROSS 

8 Furniture vans 03) 

9 Gear f 3) 

10 High hair style (9) 

11 SiejMS) 

13 Format charge (7) 
16 Carefree (7) 

19 Bare (3) 

23 Small-lettered (9) 
34 Christ nun tree (3) 
ZS (JS Slate troops 
l«J) 


down 

1 Games (6) 

2 Puzzle (6) 

3 Hazard (8) 

4 Cuban dance (6) 

5 Italian currency (4) 

6 Absorbent (6) 

7 Surry (b) 

12 Beverage shrub (3) 

14 Meet I Si 

15 Barley drink (3) 

16 Kind (6) 



political we cat across every 
boundary, bonder and type of 
bureaurocracy. We have be- 
come ambassadors of good- 
will During a threo-wcek stay 
in a country we are able to 
reach everyone — from the 
people out in the bush to the 
heads of state." . ‘ 
Certainly, Orbis has 
brought about some unique 
reconciliations. Arab and 
Jewish doctors and Greek 
and Turkish Cypriots have 
worked alongside each other 
within its neutral perimeters. 
In Swaziland, ophthalmolo- 


gists from several politically 
incompatible African states 
buried their differences to 
operate together. In Peru, the 
President was so impressed 
by a corneal transplant on a 
child that he changed the 
laws to set up an eye batik 
and allow donor access for all 
organ transplants. 

With a permanent and 
cosmopolitan crew of 20, 
including doctors, 

anaesthetists, nurses and 
technicians, Orbis relies on 
the services of the world's 
leading eye specialists who 
donate their skills for a week 
or two at a time. 

Although the plane is 
equipped with the most 
sophisticated microsuigicaJ 
equipment, the team adapts 
its teaching methods to the 
needs and facilities of the 
host countries. Local doctors 
assist visiting specialists and 
then each other in operations 
on selected patients, and an 
elaborate audio-visual unit 
enables others to watch and 
ask questions both in a 20- 
seat classroom and outside 
the plane. 

^ Entirely non-profit making, 
Orbis has a $5 mill] on-a- year 
budget which is contributed 
to mainly by international 
corporations and govern- 
ments. Even so, Oliver Foot 
is anxious to increase the 
binding internationally to 
help set up permanent land- 
based institutes. “My dream 
* to get the 747 dealing with 
all areas of health, and spend 
three months in places like 
India, drawing on the world’s 
best medical educators. Peo- 
ple may call Ortas a gimmick 
“ bu . t the thing about it is 
that it works," 


.St. 


4/ " b" KlW 


• - .U.SK 


Sally Brompton 





18 Provencal stewt (6) 21 Scoff at (6) 


17 Cmceni-shapcd (6) 20 Eastern dress (6) 23 Rads away (4) 


Ncnha: 


__ Lar:ca$fvr&- Corby - Cravvfev- Harlow- HarEsid - Henel Kentpsesd- 

jr.pvxs - reddiicr. - 'T^eLT.ets Jole - Steven 3 Gorier. Cry Phone C-l-fri? 6100 or wrag to les* Sr. jamess Street 

London SWiAsLD T^isx r sosunie Sl-KJIC^IL 


SOLUTION TO No 873 

ACROSS: I Deport 4 Baltic 7 Slow 8 Autonomy 9 enisling 13 Mob 

16 Primogeniture 17 Dun 19 Entrepot 24 Abnormal 25 Bear 26 Enfold 

17 Common 

DOWN: 1 Dusk 2 Profusion 3 Trail 4 Baton 5 Fund 6 Limbo 
ID Store II Inept 12 Guile 13 Maiuotaun 14 Brew 15 Sped 18 Urban 
20 Nomad 21 RcIk 22 Polo 23 Wren 


Really Dry Gin 


JojJI O liS£> 







f I y>S)l L>° IxSjD I 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 19 86 

BOOKS 


Sparky founding 
J female feminist 


•jjprHr- 


¥ 


f .w 
=Xsff**=-i r " 
s* ***?’■ 

i -iH**- 




A t one of my 
favourite moments 
in this diary, feirly 
early on in 1936, 
van Brittain Rets 
dnmk on a double White 
Laoy at (of course) the 
Carlton. Those who 
think of Vera Brittain as the 
sanctimonious author of Tes- 
tament of Youth or, even 
more unfairly, as Shirley 
Williams’s mother, should 
read this book immediately. 
It is smart, sharp, very 
bitchy, and _ I think shows 
Van Bnttain in a most 
alluring light 

It is becoming clear as the 
Vera Brittain opus builds up 
inexorably, with recent re- 
{Mints of her three volumes of 
memoirs, her collected jour- 
nalism, two volumes of 
diaries with another vol to 
come, that the diaries reveal 
her at her best She was a nat- 
ural Her diaries have all the 
d ash, the charm, and the 
acerbity one misses in her 
sfolider and more reflective 
prose. 

When this volume opens, 
she is 38. She is living in 
Chelsea in considerable style. 

In her household she has: 
four servants; two small 
children (the accident-prone 
Shirley being on the verge of 
walking, with much grazing 
of the knees; one resident 
female friend, Winifred 
Holtby, then embarking on 
South Riding. Winifred of the 
keen mind, kind heart, and 
size 8 shoes. It is a formida- 
bly fantastic set-up. Vera's 
husband, Gordon Catlin, an 
academic working in Ameri- 
ca, comes and goes, a bit on 
sufferance. On his return 
visits his wife is apt to 
grumble that “much noctur- 
nal intercourse"’ spoils energy 
for work 

And work was the great 
thing for Vera Brittain's 
generation. In a sense, she 
and her friends behaved as if 
they had discovered it, dash- 
ing from one literary lun- 
cheon to another, frenziedly 
reviewing one another’s nov- 
els, writing each other’s obits i 
with an endless girlish ener- i 
gy. She catches the mood t 
marvellously of that female : 
literary mafia o'emiled by ! 
Lady Rhondda, editor of 1 
Time and Tide. This diary t 


Fiona 

MacCarthy 
reviews the 
diaries of a 
brave radical 
pioneer, 
battling to be 
a writer in a 
bad time, and 
succeeding 

CHRONICLE OF 
FRIENDSHIP 
Vera Brittain's Diary of 

the Thirties, 1932-1939 
Edited by Alan Bishop 

Gollancz. £12.95 


Lindy Chamberlain, the 
mother in the much publi- 
cized “Dingo baby case", was 
released from gaol in Darwin 
last week. Officially this was 
because new evidence had 
been found (a missing baby 
jacket); but it is possible that 
her release could also be 
linked with Evil Angels. 
which was published in 
Australia last November. 
There have been a handful of 
instant books about the case; 
but this is the first serious 
study. Anybody reading it is 
left with a deep sense of 
unease about her sentence. 

The story began in August 
1980 when the Chamberlain 
family went on a camping 
holiday to Ayers Rock in 
Central Australia. One night 
their two-month-old daugh- 
ter, Azaria, disappeared. Un- 


BTI U T T T IT TWI WUT TI W 

SCHUBERT 

GEORGE R. MAREK J 
An affectionate biography of J 
the great Wth century composer. * 
25-tpp 25 1 Hus. 114.95 * 

■4 

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THE ISLE | 

ROBB WHITE < 

Fascinating story of a couple « 
who found their Caribbean J 
desert island! * 

I92pp I map £9.95 J 


PHILIPPA 5 
WIAT 

THE GREY * 
GOOSE WING 3 

This brilliant novel of the age 4 
of the longbow centres on the j 
magnificent Edward HI and his* 
consort Philippa. £S-50J 

4 
4 

ROBERT \ 
BLOCH 3 

THE NIGHT OF J 
THE RIPPER « 

A harrowing tale of the in-J 
famous Ripper from the author ^ 
of Psvcho. 256pp £9.95 < 


MARIE-TEZtESE 



THE BIRDS OF 
SADNESS 

Moving novel of a woman of 
intelligence and courage facing 
family complications and 
fears of ageing. £5-50 


PC DOHERTY 

THE PRINCE 
DRAKULYA 
The life of the horrifying reality 
behind the legend erf the h “S'S5 
vampire. 

SI ROBERT HALE4 


reveals a, to me, surp risin g 
glamour in the literary lady’s 
fife of the mid- Thirties: oh 
her way to the States to give 
a lecture tour, after the 
success of Testament of 
Youth, Vera Brittain, in black 
coat with grey fox collar, is 
snapped by the photogra- 
phers and fed on caviar. 

She thought of herself as a 
writer first and foremost. But, 
with her social conscience 
and her busybody tempera- 
ment she could not resist 
involving herself hectically in 
most of the progressive issues 
of the day. Planning letters to 
The Times, with Bernard 
Shaw, on sunbathing. Attend- 
ing Marie Stopes’s Executive 
Committees. Haranguing 
them in Sheffield, dressed to 
kill as usual, in long black 
skirt and gold shirt blouse 
(“very effective against velvet 
curtains shaded gold and red 
by stage lights"). She was 
there at that notorious con- 
ference on The Family at 
Friends’ House at which 
Naomi Mitchison scandal- 
ized her social worker audi- 
ence by proposing that 
children at coeducational 
schools should be taught “to 
sleep together beautifully". 
Even Vera Brittain did not ■ 
totally approve. 


Vera Brittain was an early 
and inspiriting example of a 
woman who tried to have it 
all ways, seeing "absolutely 
no real reason why a woman 
shouldn't have the best of 
both worlds, as a man has 
always haul" The greatest 
fascination of this diary lies 
less in the build-up of the 
detail of the period, potent as 
this is; more in the sense it 
gives of the eternal female 
conflicts. Particularly poi- 
gnant is the entry in the diary 
in which Vera Brittain has a 
sudden bod attack of the 
Isadora Duncans: that work- 
ing mother’s nightmare of 
returning home to find one’s 
children drowning in a taxi at 
the bottom of the Seine. 

It was rather touch-and-go, 
and we soon begin to realize 
that the Vera Brittain menage 
could not have worked at all 
without the ever-willing 
Winifred. Much, perhaps. a 
bit too much 'already, has 
been written about the exact 
nature of a relationship that 
the lunatic left lesbians have 
done their best to annexe. 
This assumption arises from 
complete incomprehension of 
life between the wars in an 
Oxfonf women's college. As 
the diary makes obvious, the 
mood of this great friendship, 
hot drinks in woolly dressing- 
gowns, was not at all erotic. 

It was purest Somerville. 





V era Brittain was a 
very female femi- 
nist Not that she 
admitted any fe- 
male no-go areas: 
her sense of male inferiprity 
was strong. But she saw 
things and described them in 
a very female manner, notic- 
ing for instance when she 
went to Nazi Germany in 
1936 that German women 
were no longer wearing 
make-up: they had all gone 
“pure". She found this very 
sinister. Her reporting of the 
scene, with Hitler shrill- 
voiced and emotional, has 
the cogency and quickness of 
a well-made shopping-list 
More than most women of 
her period, Vera Brittain was 
a part of public life. The great 
interest of this diary is its 
intertwining of important 
political preoccupations with 
small domestic ones: tradi- 


1 ■ m 

TESTAMENT ® YOUTHl 


tional male topics, and the 
female trivialities of mani- 
cures and hair-dos and the 
plucking of eyebrows. This 
balance gives both sides of 
things particular immediacy; 
and one feels for Vera 
Brittain, in her gold -lac- 
quered silk tunic dress, about 
to address the citizens of 
Middiesborough on "Changes 
in Manners and Morals", 
when the news of the 
Abdication comes through, 
and she is overcome with a 


huge weariness. She, like 
Edward VU3, belonged to a 
generation that had seen 
almost more history than any 
generation could bear. 

Vera Brittain kept a diary 
only intermittently. As Alan 
Bishop observes in his admi- 
rable introduction to this 
volume, she used her diaries 
more or less to chronicle 
catastrophe. Her diary of the 
First World War records two 
major tragedies: the death of 
her first love, the shining. 


solemn Roland Leighton; and 
then the brother Edward, to 
whom she was devoted. 
There were two disasters also 
in this diary of the Thirties: 
her father’s suicide; and then 
the early death of Winifred. 
Strange parallels of loss and 
the disruption of friendship 
that have, in both diaries, 
stimulated her best writing. 
The long account of 
Winifred's appalling passing 
is by any standards a five-star 
death-bed scene. 


Death in 
darkest 
outback 

Linda Christmas 


EVIL ANGELS 

By John Bnrson 

Viking. £12.95 

dy Chamberlain claimed that 
her daughter had been taken 
from the family’s tent by a 
dingo. The coroner accepted 
her version of events; and 
there the story might have 
ended. But the world’s news- 
papers clutched the story to 
their front pages, in search of 
sates rather than justice. It 
was to be only the beginning 
In time the coroner’s ver- 
dict was overturned. Lindy 
Chamberlain was brought to 
trial, and found guilty of 
murder. AH avenues of ap- 
peal were exhausted; and she 
seemed set to serve a life 
sentence. 

Bryson, a lawyer turned 
writer, does not merely turn 


'An alarming 
and very funny 
book' 

Books and Bookmen 


over a ton of evidence for 
and against the accusation of 
murder. Evil Angels is an 
impressive literary documen- 
tary. It is written as friction, 
in the style of Truman. 
Capote’s In Cold Blood and 
Emlyn Williams’s Beyond 
Belief: scenes are reconstruct- 
ed; dialogue is imposed; and 
inner thoughts are revealed. 
This technique is at times 
unnerving, and at times 
irritating; but it sustains the 
reader through a painstaking 
and obsessively detailed ac- 
count ... 

What stays with me, apart 
from uneasiness about the 
fete of Lindy Chamberlain, is 
that the trial, proceeding 
without a body, a weapon, or 
a motive, turned into an 
unwholesome battle between 
forensic scientists. Britain’s 
James Cameron is at the: 
centre of this, since it was he 
who first produced evidence j 
that the baby clothes found 
were damaged by human 
hand rather than by an 
animal. 

Cameron’s evidence is 
shredded by this new book. 
Evil Angels dismisses his 
account as full of errors. We 
have not heard the last of the 
events that took place on that 
August night in 1980. 


Bright new panes broken 



•White Noise is hugely 
funny . . . DeLillo's 
narrative parades its 
own macabre icons, and 
tailors them to suit its 
own eccentric view' 

The Times 


Winner of the US 
National Book Award 
last November, DeLillo's 
novel achieves an 
amazing, sometimes 
macabre comedy in its 

extraordinary language 
and weird domestic 

detail' 

Daily Mad 


Its dialogue is splendidly 
funny and its domestic 
observation wickedly 
predse' 

The Sunday Times 

“His prose is as coolly 
observant of concrete 
detail, as obsessed with 
intellectual balance . . . 
■whether the matter to 
hand is a technique for 
administering drugs or 
the arrrival of students in 
an endless line of station 
wagons full of 
commodities' 

Times Literary Supplement 


White Noise is 
funny, profound, original, 
beautifully written . . 
Time Out 


Hardback 
336 pages 
£9.95 

In Bookshops now 

PICADOR 


Robert Fean Warren once 
likened the impact of the last 
poems of Sylvia Hath to “a 
keen, odd gust of reality, as 
though somebody had 
knocked out a window pane 
an a brilliant night". A bright 
pane broken^Sylvia Hath 
thought in images. 

Poetry makes rooms for 
itself in the house of lan- 
guage. Rooms are necessary, 
and many poets can spend 
their lives in them contented- 
ly, looking out, glad of the 
walls and the company. Bnt 
every now and again a poet 
conies along with an irritably 
developed sense of da astro- 
phobia; and then the furniture 
gets flung about and the 
window-pane broken; and ev-i 
eryone else Is suddenly de- 
lighted to be made aware of 
bow stiffly and smelly the 
room had become, drawing in 
great breaths of cold, seeing 
the stars without interference. 
Sylvia Hath, whatever the 
merit of her achievement 
from poem to poem has done 
it for many pods writing now. 

Carol Ann Duffy was born 
in Glasgow in 1955. She 
seems to have been educated 
in Roman Catholic convent 
schools (there are furiously 
anti-Christian, or more exact- 
ly anti-Papist, outbursts in 
her work) before taking a 
degree in philosophy at the 
University of Liverpool in 
1977. Standing Female Nude 
(Anvil Press, £3.95) is her 
first book, a collection of 49 
poems, in which the common 
factor is a skilful deployment 
of a kind of dramatic mono- 
logue informed by much 
quirky humour, and a good 
ear for the varieties of 
colloquial speech. At her 
best, though, she speaks in 
what I assume to be her own 
voice; and while that voice 
has learned something in the 
way of liberation from PLzth’s 
example. It achieves a clarity, 
a mixture of charm and 
truthfulness, which breaks 
the windows of perception in 
new ways altogether 
J have turned the news 
paper boy into a diver 
for pearls. I can do this. In 
my night 
' there is no moon, and if it 
happens that / speak 
of stars it's by mistake. Or 
if it happens 
that I mention these things, 
it's by design. 

It happens that I recently had 
to edit an anthology of 
contemporary verse, and 
these fines of Duffy’s, begin- 
ning a poem entitled “Dear 
Norman" were the first of 
hers that I ever read, leaping 
ont by reason of their 
unm istakable poetic quality 
from a mass of otherwise 
dreary unsolicited manu- 
scripts. The second stanza of 
this poem, concerned at the 


POETRY? 


Robert Nye 

primary level with a young 
girl's fantasy about the boy 
who delivers her daily news- 
paper, fe Just as good: 

His body is brown, break- 
ing through waves. Such 
white teeth. 

Beneath the water he 
searches for the perfect 
shell 

He does not know that, as 
he posts The Mirror 

through the door, he is . 


equal with dolphins. 

/ shall name him Pablo, 
because / can. 

I wish 1 had room to quote 
the rest of the poem, if only 
to show how effortlessly 
Duffy maintains the meta- 
phor, while contriving to 
imply quite a lot about the 
nature of erotic fantasy and 
the power of the poetic 
imagination, rounding off the 
whole thing with a nice joke: 
Tomorrow / shall deal with 
the dustman. 

Let th is one poem stand here 
as an introduction to a book 
that marks the debnt of a 
gen nine and original poet. 


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For the most outstanding 
contribution to English Literature 
in a book published in 1985. 

WHSMITH $ 


The Typical 
New York 
Jewish Boy 


Here's a rare treat! A quartet 
of new novels, with nothing 
in common but quality. What 
better way to hamsb the 
February blues? Pride of 
place must be given to a 
modern master, in cracking 
form, playing on a wicket 
that might have been made 
for him. After Ragtime and 
Loon Lake , few should carp 
at this description of EL. 
Dociorow. The theme of 
World's Fair — small boy 
growing up in not particular- 
ly prosperous Jewish family 
in the Bronx during the 
Depression — is hardly origi- 
nal. Nor would a brief 
description of the central 
figures — charming but feck- 
less father, socially ambi- 
tious, much put-upon 
mother, adored elder brother, 
eccentric granny, and assort- 
ed snooty relatives. Pinky the 
dog, etc. — provide grounds 
for supposing that much 
imagination has been expend- 
ed on the novel that houses 
them. 

Many things make a mock- 
ery of this judgement. Fust 
up is Doctorow's ability to 
describe the past without 
succumbing to the dead hand 
of historicism. The most 
American — and least Jewish 
— of Jewish American novel- 
ists, he writes about child- 
hood affectionately, but 
without affectation. 

Then there's the feet that 
his terse prose style is 
peculiarly well-suited to the 
unsentimental, even callous, 
world-view of the streetwise 
nine-year-old. Edgar 
Altschuler aspires to be the 
Typical American Boy. He is 
kind; appreciates the value of 
a dollar, and does not waste 
time day-dreaming when he 
is doing his home-work (we 
owe this definition of the 
TAB to Edgar himself). Edgar 
roots for the Dodgers, helps 
out at his father's music store 
on Times Square, and be- 
friends his classmate Meg, 
despite parental reservations 
about her mother Nonna, a 
ten-cents-a-dance girt turned 
“receptionist" at the 1939 
New York World’s Fair (her 
job is actually to wrestle in a 
tank with Oscar the Amorous 
Octopus). 

Altschuler Senior's busi- 
ness goes bust So does 
Edgar's appendix, almost fa- 
tally. But such dramas are 
introduced quite casually. 
Doctorow's objective is to 
show us a child developing, 
through his own eyes and the 
perceptions of those closest 
to him. There are half a 
dozen narrative voices, often 
providing alternative views 
of the same event. The result 
is a bewitching insight into 
the young protagonist, as well 
as a story of power and 
charm. 

Elvire Murail offers us a 
picture of life in contempo- 
rary New York, slighter but 
not without charm. Miss 







The 

definitive 

gift- 


to new subscribers to the THES. Take out a year's 
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(worth £850) containing over 96,000 references. 

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Supplement 


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fthtuaiY 28 I98& 9 


FICTION 


John Nicholson 

WORLD’S FAIR 

By E.L. Doctorow 

Michael Joseph. £9.95 

STAIRCASE C 

By Elvire Murail 

Century. £8.95 

A STATE OF IN- 
DEPENDENCE 
By Caryl Phillips 

Faber. £8.95 

REDHILL ROCOCO 

By Sheas MacKay 

Heinemann, £9.95 


Murail is a young, Cam- 
bridge-educated Frenchwom- 
an, whose first novel has 
enjoyed great success the 
other side of the Channel. 
Staircase C is situated in a 
Greenwich Village apartment 
block, the inhabitants of 
which — art critics, fashion 
designers, and other such 
riffraff — live in a world 
closer to Henry Murger's 
Scenes de la vie Boheme than 
to Henry James's Washing- 
ton Square. Sexual ambiguity 
is the order of the day (Miss 
Murail is reticent about the 
nights) and some of the 
chatter may be a little, well 
French (equals intellectual) 
for English taste. So too the 
hero, self-styled cynic, misan- 
thrope, and misogynist, Fos- 
ter Tunciirry. But there is 
feeling beneath the brittle, 
wordy crust; and some clever 
writing. 

By contrast, Caryl 
Phillips's second novel aims 
for simplicity of style and 
content. A State of Indepen- 
dence describes Bertram 
Francis's return to his Carib- 
bean birthplace, twenty years 
after leaving on a scholarship 
for England, and just days 
before it is to be formally 
released from the colonial 
yoke. It is a bitter homecom- 
ing. An old flame is willing to 
be rekindled, but neither 
family nor childhood friends 
prove willing to co-operate in 
Bertram's dream of returning 
to his roots. 

The heroine of Shena 
Mac Kays first novel is no 
better adjusted to her sur- 
roundings. Mother of four, 
husband temporarily a guest 
of Her Majesty, Pearl Slattery 
is hardly your typical Surrey 
housewife. The local Church 
task force is after the souls of 
her teenage children. Vicar’s 
son Luke Ribbon’s pursuit of 
Pearl is no less assiduous, 
though not so effective. Miss 
MacKay is a gifted writer 
with a real talent for repre- 
senting the joys and irrita- 
tions of adolescence. In 
Redhill Rococo she often 
teeters on the brink of 
whimsy, but never quite Joses 
her footing. 


i si-d 
.par- 


; n 


m 





THE TIMES THURSDAY 


LY 13 1986 



THE TIMES 
DIARY 


Botha’s 

emissary? 


Borrow more — and cut taxes 

Sf,i?S£ J'SFnfl by Graham Mather -JiJaEj! 


Alter my report yesterday that 
Nelson Mandela might soon be 
released from prison and flown 
to London, I now hear a 
plausible explanation for the 
surprise resignation last week or 
Frederik van Zyl Slabbert as 
leader of South Africa's oppo- 
sition Progressive Federal Party. 
My source in South Africa tells 
me there are strong rumours that 
he is to act as an intermediary 
between President Botha's gov- 
ernment and the ANC in an 
effort to get negotiations started. 
Yesterday Winnie Mandela 
would not be drawn on my 
report that her husband could be 
bound for Britain, although she 
confirmed — contrary to official 
government statements — that 
she was expecting his imminent 
release. Sources in London point 
out that the ANC president, 
Oliver Tam bo, has a bouse in 
Highgate where he would be very 
much at home. 1 must ask the 
milkman if he has been asked to 
leave an extra pinta. 


Short and sour 


Today's Cabinet meeting to 
discuss the shape of the 1986 
Budget will be looking at a much 
brighter prospect than seemed 
possible only weeks ago. 

Market nerves over falling oil 
prices have eased without Trea- 
sury resort to a steep rise in 
interest rates or a major commit- 
ment of reserves to steady 
sterling. The annua! attack of 
pre- Budget jitters is proving far 
less dramatic than last year. 

Neither business nor public 
opinion seems strongly opposed 
to a modest increase in oil 
taxation to recoup from the oil 
companies part of the revenue 
lost to the Treasury from lower 
oil prices. This could give the 
Chancellor scope to improve on 
his worst-case scenario, a Budget 
confined to improvements in tax 
thresholds. 

But to secure a package likely 
to have any significant economic 
impact and to send positive 
signals to domestic and inter- 
national investors and markets, 
the Chancellor must overcome a 
further problem: the level of the 
public sector borrowing require- 
ment The Chancellor's long- 
standing preoccupation with 
squeezing down the PSBR looks 
increasingly irrelevant to the 
contemporary needs of the real 
economy. 

At first sight the obstacles to a 
higher PSBR to aid tax cuts look 
formidable. It has acquired a role 


as a symbol of fiscal rectitude, all 
the more significant as monetary 
indicators such as M3 have been 
downgraded. 

In 1985 a dramatic cut in the 
PSBR from its 1984-5 level of 
£10.5 billion to a £7 billion target 
for 1985-6 helped to calm 
markets frightened that the me- 
dium-term financial strategy was 
on its way out. 

Today the scene looks dif- 
ferent. As a proportion of grass 
domestic product the PSBR is 
lower this year than at any time 
since this government was first 
elected in 1979. There are few 
signs that inflation levels are 
unduly sensitive to changes in 
the PSBR: increasing it in 1984 
to bear the cost of the miners’ 
strike was not accompanied by 
dramatic inflationary con- 
sequences. 

Although increased public 
borrowing means a higher annual 
cost of servicing national debt, 
the PSBR is only a secondary 
indicator of economic health. It 


can obscure real policy objectives 
such as the level of tax as a 


such as the level of tax as a 
proportion of GDP, which rose 
from 33 per cent in 1979 to 38.6 
per cent in 1984, and government 
spending itself, which nas risen in 
real terms up to the present 
financial year. 

More relevant is an assessment 


of PSBR against the net worth of 
the public sector the value of 
public-sector physical and finan- 
cial assets, deducting existing 
debt and other liabilities. Against 
ibis yardstick, stockbrokers Phil- 
lips & Drew have calculated that 
a PSBR of well over £9 billion in 
1986-87 could be acceptable, 
compared with the current target 
of £7.5bfllion. 

A higher PSBR to fund tax cuts 
is wholly different in its eco- 
nomic effect from an increase to 
fund public-sector current 
overspending. Using the PSBR to 
cut taxes on capital ownership, 
such as stamp duty on share 
transactions, which could be 
halved at a first-year cost of less 
than £150 million, or capital 
transfer tax, which could be 
abolished for £300 million first- 
year costs, could satisfy some of 
the strictest low-PSBR theorists. 

Abandoning the crutch of an 
artificially tight PSBR would 
have policy benefits. The Chan- 
cellor would need to be more 
explicit about his medium-term 
tax strategy and the public 
spending levels it could finance. 
The benefit would be immediate: 
financial and equity markets firm 
when tax cuts are in prospect and 
weaken against fears of 
overspending. 

Moving away from excessive 


refiance on the PSBR would 
necessitate clearer Treasury guid- 
ance about hs approach to the 
interpretation of money supply 
measures. Increased market con- 
fidence would be the result ' 
Business opinion surveys 
consistently show significant 
improvements twice a year: after 
the Budget in March and after 
the financial statement in 
November. The reason is 
straightforward: businessmen feef 
they know where the economy is 
going. But the effect soon wears 
offi Leaving, behind excessive 
concern about the PSBR would 
strengthen the Chancellor’s in- 
centive to be' more active in 
explaining economic objectives 
month by month, as Sir Geoffey 
Howe did. 

The choice is dear. If the 
PSBR rises from the £7.5 biOkm 
target, a package of significant 
tax cuts for the low-paid, plus a 
lower bask rate, plus measures to 
widen share ownendup all be- 
come possible. They would have 
a real impact, ■ stre ng th en in g 
market confidence and invest- 
ment intentions, boosting cus- 
tomer demand and . easing 
pressure on -pay. Without the 
PSBR rise, all of these become 
problematical. 

In 1986 it looks as though 
holding down hbe PSBR would 
be Nigel Lawson’s real gamble. 

The author is head cf the policy 
unit. Institute of Directors. 


Ronald Butt 

Tories, their own * 

worst enemy 


Westminster Conservatives have has 

embarked on a course of self- uon closed. Onenw t^el rathe 
destruction in a manner char- case aflepanqther has sjnoc occn 

r ■ — un TO ISC UODS Of 


Ivan Lawrence, Tory MP for 
Burton, seems over-anxious to 
live down his Guinness Book of 
Records entry for the longest 
speech in Parliament this century 
(a 4'/>hour oration on fluor- 
idization). Last Saturday he 
found himself at a constituency 
rowing club dinner. At 1 1.30 pm, 
after sitting through four 
speeches, he was finally called 
upon by the toastmaster to give 
his address. “My address is 
Grove Farm, Drakelow, Burton- 
on- Trent, where I propose im- 
mediately to return." thundered 
Lawrence — and sat down. 


George Brock asks what options are left for the government in Ulster 


• The En glis h Speaking Union 
of Chester was saved from 
embarrassment at its recent 
annual dinner by a proofreader 
who spotted that the menus said 
the loyal toast to the Queen 
would be proposed by Derek 
Hatton. Chairman Derek Harris 
would not have been pleased. 


Lumping it 



The freelance reporter threaten- 
ing to sue for wrongful arrest is 
not the only journalist who 
claims to have been assaulted by 
police during the Handsworth 
riots. BBC local radio reporter 
Frank Stewart tells me he nursed 


for weeks a large lump inflicted 
by charging coppers who ignored 
his press card. Not that you 
would have received that im- 
pression from the report of the 
riot coverage in the BBC house 
magazine. Ariel There Stewart is 
listed “hurt” under the un- 
ambiguous headline “Targets of 
the rioters’ violence". “We 
weren’t trying to apportion 
blame," a BBC spokesman said. 


BARRY FANTON1 



'Farces? They’ll have problems 
competing with 
«. the show down the road.’ 


Peppery kidney 


So eager is the junior health 
minister. Ray Whitney, to make 
his kidney-donor campaign go 
with a swing that he is privately 
nagging soap opera producers to 
transplant kidneys Into their 
plots. Crossroads replied that it 
had a transplant diffhanger a 
couple of years ago. “Like the 
adultery and rape episodes re- 
cently, to repeat the ideas would 
be to over-pepper the soup," said 
script editor Kate Henderson. 


Contempt 


Tam DaJyeH, Labour’s 53-year- 
old gadfly, missed the Channel 
Tunnel debate in the Commons 
on Monday because of a football 
injury. The previous day, while 
playing for the Scottish MPs five- 
a-stde team during the Scottish 
Labour Party Festival, he was 
sent sprawling by a Sogat 
forward. “I’m told I keeled over 
like the Belgian o," Dal yell says. 


With a political imbroglio 
absorbing most of its energy at 
Westminster, the government has 
been quiet on a number of 
looming problems - among 
them Northern Ireland. At the 
same time there is an uncomfort- 
able feeling abroad that the 
brewing discontent over the 
Hillsborough agreement among 
the province's majority Prot- 
estant population may land the 
government in an ugly mess 
before the year is out. And this is 
not a government that is looking 
for more trouble than it already 
has. 

This may in part explain why 
the recent Ulster by-election 
results have been greeted by an 
anti -climactic silence back in 
London, particularly from the 
Northern Ireland Office. Its 
minister, Tom King, now faces a 
key sequence of decisions in the 
next few months. In many ways 
they will be harder to make than 
those arising from the 
“tough"crisis management likely 
to be needed in the face of 
further ami-agreement protests. 

The present quiet is also partly 
explained by the fact that chaos 
reigns inside and between the two 
Unionist parties over the tactics 
they should adopt to build on 
their by-election vote. The initia- 
tive now passes to the two 
governments which signed the 
agreement and to its main 
beneficiary, the predominantly 
Catholic Social Democratic and 
Labour Party (SDLP). 

The British government sees a 
duty to develop the agreement in 
ways that will help protect it 
against Unionist boycott. So far, 
Tom King has not been able to 
make the SDLP see the next 
moves his way. 

The British government's fan- 
fare for the agreement stressed 
that it is a framework for a two- 
track strategy. Enhanced coopera- 
tion and' dialogue with the 
Republic, so the theory runs, goes 
hand in hand with an internal 
government in the north, shared 
in some fashion between the two 
communities. King's prede- 
cessors have often had the 
politicians of one community 
lined up to participate, while the 
other refused to play. But King 
.has difficulties persuading either 
community even to consider 
schemes for devolved govern- 
ment. 

King's agenda therefore comes 
down to two questions. Even if 


Is there any 
escape route 
for Tom King? 


the SDLP can be tempted into a 
scheme, how can any Protestant 
politician come anywhere near it 
while the Hillsborough agreement 
exists, without mortal risk to his 
career? And if these well-meant 
hopes for power-sharing go the 
way of previous ones, what is 
left? 

The Hillsborough agreement 
lacks any leverage that could be 
used to nudge nationalists to- 
wards power-sharing arrange- 
ments. The SDLP*s leader. John 
Hume, is therefore in no huny to 
make specific and practical his 
promise (delivered during the 
Commons debate on 
Hillsborough) to talk to anyone, 
anywhere, any time about de- 
volved government. He gives 
every impression of a man who 
believes that the Unionists are 
not going to be worth talking to 
until they have been through the 
psychological trauma of taking 
on Mis Thatcher and losing. 

The only form of counter- 
pressure available to King is the 
threat to make the Hillsborough 
agreement suffer a form of brain 
death: it would be technically 
alive and in force, but otherwise 
completely inert. This would be a 
sharp blow to the SDLFs 
credibility, liable to make its 
electoral gains against Pro- 
visional Sinn Fein very short- 
lived. Hume has staked the 
revival of his party's fortunes at 
the polls on the agreement not 
only being signed but delivering 
visible improvements for the 
Catholic minority. 

Before Hillsborough was 
signed. Hume was asked to 
declare his position on power- 
sharing. He apparently said that 
he would take part in an 
executive, accountable to an 
elected assembly, in which the 
seats were allocated in proportion 
to electoral strength. The assem- 
bly would have to start afresh 
and not be adapted from the 


existing one, which has only ever 
been attended by Unionists and 
the centrist Alliance Party. 

Is the past this might have 
provided a starting-point: but to 
qualify even as that, this time 
• around, ft would have to be 
made out loud. Hume has been 
silent on details so far. 

There exist one or two other 
straws at which King can dutch: 
the “Catherwood" proposals, for 
example, which appear to show 
that Unionists are ready to 
consider an experimental power- 
sharing scheme. 

But the real obstacles Union- 
ist non-oooperation. When real 
choices are put before them, most 
Unionists seem to opt for either 
continued direct rule or full 
integration with the United 
Kingdom. Even the opinion 
polls — which consistently over- 
estimate bipartisan support for 
power-sharing — can find few 
Unionists ready to contemplate it 
alongside an existing 
Hillsborough agreement. The 
logic of this is that they will not 
offer anything in response to 
HiUsbrough except static oppo- 
sition. which might later be 
accompanied by violence di- 
rected at London or Dublin by 
paramilitaries. 

If this turns out to be the shape 
of the rest of this year. King's op- 
tions are limited. He can soldier 
on with direct rule, enhanced by 
an agreement with Dublin which 
is operated from the British side 
in the lowest possible key and 
used as far as possible as a 
conduit for the profitable ex- 
change of security information. 
No further power-sharing 
pipedreams that might upset 
people would be floated in the 
sensitive period before the next 
election. 

The second b to extend the 
logic that brought the govern- 
ment into real negotiation with 
the Dublin government in the 


first place. Unionists have por- 
trayed Hillsborough as the shock- 
ing transformation of a 
government which they bad 
previously thought benevolent. 
But London had despaired of 
Unionism's bleak and negative 
response to anything and every- 
thing and in 1980 had begun a 
fitful dialogue with Dubin- 
in the absence of any construc- 
tive Unionist response now, 
Dublin would no doubt argue 
that the way to make' further 
inroads into the discreet support 
which the Provisional IRA en- 
joys reside the Catholic popula- 
tion would be to build up the role 
of the intergovernmental con- 
ference. The more influential, or 
even executive, it is seen to be, 
the argument would run, the 
more nationalist aspiration will 
be satisfied and the more the 
attraction of violence will be 
diminished. 

It is just possible to see Mrs 
Thatcher accepting this logic 
during a third term, but it seems 
inconceivable before 1 988. 
Unionist politicians somehow 
convinced themselves that they 
had an ally in Downing Street, , 
ignoring the fact that Mrs 
Thatcher is contemptuous of the < 
way in which Unionists governed 
the province in the past But 
while that antipathy may be 
enough to stiffen her against the 
cries of betrayal, it is not the 
same as saying that she has been 
converted to nationalism. Nor 
has she ever been converted to 
the cause of a sustained interest 
in Ireland: her interventions have 
been spasmodic and her attention 
has now been switched track to 
concerns closer to home. 

The presentation of the 
Hillsborough agreement south of 
the Irish border has always 
assumed that it presents a 
straight choice between a fully- 
fledged “evolving" agreement or 
none at alL 

This neglects the overwhelming 
priority that this government is 


acteristic of their party re certain 
moods of insecurity. Tory 
conversation concentrates other 
on Mis Thatcher’s survival as 
prime minis ter to fight the next 
election or the dangerous col- 
leagues who da m age the party by 
raising doubts about ft. 

There are also signs of jockey- 
ing for position by those who 
b egin to write Mis Thatcher off. 
From Michael Headline and 
Peter Walker, that was pred- 
ictable. But what is one to make 
of John Biffem the Leader of the 
Commons, who, asked if Mrs 
• Thatcher would lead the party at 
the next election, uttered the 
following masterpiece of ambiva- 
lence: “Well, I would have 
thought that as I would now 
analyse the situation the answer 
would be yes." 

The explanation of Biffen’s 
tortuous caution cannot be a 
wish to dissociate himself from 
Mrs Thatcher out of personal 
ambition. That would be coun- 
ter-productive. The reason can 
only be that, characteristically, be 
has caught and reflects the mood 
of self-torturing doubt in the 
party about Mrs Thatcher. So 
what fa the real basis of that 
doubt? 

It is not about policy. The 
Tories are not like Labour, which 
is always riven by the huge gulf 
between those who want a really 
socialist Britain and those, 
including hs leaders, who under- 
stand mat the British public 
would never .vote for this 
wittingly, and who in their own 
minds recognize that the logic of 
socialism sits uneasily with 
freedom anyway. 

No such deep issues divide the 
Tories. Virtually all the party 
recognizes the achievements of 
Mrs Thatcher’s government, 
which has done more than any 
other since the war to redress the 
balance of society towards the 
individual and against the 
Some criticize its handling of 
local government but there is no 
quarrel with the main direction 
of policy for bringing down 
inflati on, reforming trade union 
law and privatization. ‘ 

Some . Tories, the risk of 
inflati on notwithstanding, have 
wanted the government to spend 
more in the hope of bringing 
down unemployment and win- 
ning the next election. ‘ But 
nobody questioned Mrs That- 
cher's position before Westland. 
So what is her offence? 

When Mr HesUtine stalked out 
of the Cabinet, it was largely on 
the grounds that Mrs Thatcher' 
had committed a constitutional 
outrage by refuting proper Cabi- 
net discussion of his Westland 
case and by instigating the 
Cabinet’s requirement that his 
statements must be cleared by 
the Cabinet office to ensure 
collective responsibility. But no 
more has been heard of that 
argument and Heseltrae himself 


taken up in the hope of 
discrediting the Prime Minister, 
and Leon Brittan has resigned for 
authorizing the leak of the 
Solicftor-GenetaTs tett er. Bu t the 
evidence from all the testimonies 
is that the Prime Minister was 
not involved personally, even if 
her officials assumed she would 
not disapprove. 

The real case against her is 
twofold. First, she failed to tell 
Headline soon enough to stop 
the public row or go, and has 
proved * dumsy manager of 
colleagues. Secondly, as public 
attention focused on the morass 
of trivial errors committed by foe 
government in deal in g with 
Hesdtine's extraordinary tactics. 

Mis Thatcher failed to be frank , 
about the facts quickly enough 
and had to have them dragged 
from her, creating suspicion. A 
Since the Tories try to live by 
faith in their leaders’ infallibility, 
they are now scared. Has ail the 
truth been told? Does foe party 
need a new leader? Should it 
have a softer image to beat off 
foe challenge of the Alliance for 
the ra iddte ground? 

They should recognize that if 
Mrs Thatcher could be obliged to 
go now, foe circumstances would 
imply a depth of criticism of the 
Prune Minister which would cost 
the party, the credit earned by her 
achievements. A new leader, 
in ward of being able to build on 
the past, would seem like a 
repudiation of ft. 

And who would that leader be? 

A Thatcher critic or a Thatcher 
heir? Faced with that question * 
foe party would tear itself apart. ^ 
Why then torment themselves, 
and unsettle their voters, by 
toying with foe impossible? The 
need n&w is to restore foe 
public's lost confidence in the 
government's integrity by dem- 
onstrating their own. 

As for the less aggressive 
posture which Bifien advocates, 
if foe Tories are to beat off foe 
Alliance they will not do ft by 
sounding like the Alliance. If the 
voters want something like foe 
Alliance they will vote for foe 
Alliance. No government has yet 
saved itself by stealing Oppo- 
sition clothes; that is simply to 


act as a pathfinder for an enemy 
who will do foe same job more 
wholeheartedly. 

What is nccesssary is to probe 
the reality of Alliance - and 
Labour policies as sharply 
(though not with cheap abuse) as 
possible. If foe Tories are to 
survive it will be by being 
themselves. Yes, foe Cabinet 
needs to be more of a team, and 
Mrs Thatcher must improve her 
handling of it. Yes, the Tories 
need a new banning but if they 
continue with their present de- 
meanour it will be . the beginning 
of their end. It is their fear of los- 
ing power that is most likely to 
bring its loss. 


moreover . . . Miles Kington 


Jam with a hint 
of kosher 


now giving to foe quiet life and 
foe fact that there is a third 


foe fact that there is a third 
possibility — foe most neutral 
interpretation of foe agreement 
that can be managed. “It is.” Mrs 
Thatcher said in an interview 
with a Belfast paper, “an inter- 
governmental agreement to for- 
malize some of foe discussions 
that used to lake place.” 


Tomorrow; foe debates 
inside Unionism 


Off limits 


Only months after foe trans- 
mission of Queens’, the docu- 
mentary series that revealed we 
all bad fewer misconceptions 
about life at Cambridge Univer- 
sity than we thought, St Peter’s 
College, Oxford, yesterday 
banned BBC 2 cameras from its 
gates. The governing body turned 
down a request from a boisterous 
teenage pop show, No Limits, to 
film rehearsals of a- student 
production of foe musical Grease 
because of fears that it “could 
confirm foe poor image that 
universities and students cur- 
rently have." The Master, Gerald 
Aylmer, confided that his wife 
had taken the precaution of 
watching foe last edition of No 
Limits. pHS 


We are not a military nation, 
thank Venus, and we get our 
military metaphors and prognos- 
tications hopelessly wrong. Even 
foe professionals err. Senior 
officers in the Pint World War, 
after watching a tank demonstra- 
tion, declared: “The idea that 
cavalry will be replaced by these 
iron coaches is absurd: it fa little 
short of treasonous." 

We potently and powerfully 
believe that it was foe introduc- 
tion of gunpowder into Europe in 
foe 13fo century that finished off 
knights in armour and the Age of 
Chivalry. Wrong again. It was foe 
longbow. Froissart confused us 
by referring to artillery, but be 
meant crossbows and other such 
projectile weapons that did not 
use gunpowder. There were a few 
guns at Crecy, doing more bang 
than damage. When he had to 
refer to them, Froissart called 
them kanons. 

And we have got hold of foe 


Right out of line 


Philip Howard: new words for old 


wrong end of the rifle in firing 
lines. In recent weeks The Times 
las put, among others, Militant 
Tendency, judges, and the Royal 
Ulster Constabulary in the firing 
line, when ft is dear from the 
context that we mean foal they 
are being shot at rather than 
doing foe shooting. This is the 
exact opposite of what firing line 
originally meant. 

In foe days when British troops 
marched through bush or veld in 
scarlet and tartan they deployed 
into firing line for line-firing at 
the enemy. The Boers finally 
persuaded our generals that this 
stalely parade-ground manoeu- 
vre, was not practical. 


The use of firing line for those 
who were doing foe firing 
persisted for as long as civilians 
were liable to be called up to do 
their bit of biffing. For example, 
Robert Wilkie, joiner, of Camp- 
beltown. Argyll, formerly private, 
the Parachute Regiment, will tell 
anybody who cares to listen, 
again and again, about the night 
he came under heavy small-arms 
fire in Tunisia in 1943, although, 
in his own words, he was “ not in 
foe firing line.” 


Here arc some earlier examples 
of foe old military firing line. The 
Daily Telegraph, 1881: “General 
Stewart was obliged to put every 


reserve man into foe firing line." 
G.W. Steevens of foe Daily Mail 
on General Sir Hector Mac- 
donald at Omdurman: “He saw 
everything; knew what to do: 
how to do it; did it. At foe ‘fire’ 
he was ever brooding watchfully 
behind his firing line; at foe 
‘cease fire' he was instantly in 
front of it: all saw him, and knew 
that they were being nursed to 
triumph." 

In a similar misunderstanding, 
sub-editors find it convenient to 
write that a ship struck a mine. 
Modem mines are usually det- 
onated by magnetism, acoustic 
influence, or pressure. To say 
that a ship struck a .mine is as 
improbable as an insurance claim 
by* a motorist that his vehicle had 
been struck by a lamp post But 
we think that SHIP STRIKES 
MINE has more impact. And 
anyway STRUCK is shorter for ' 
headlines than saying that foe 
ship was sunk by a mine. 


A trend in foe making. • or a 
musical mirage? I honestly don’t 
know, but here are the few facts I 
have about k termer music. 

Two months ago the Herald 
Tribune's jazz writer. Mike 
Zwerin. published ■ a slightly 
bemused t interview with foe 
KJezmorim. a band of young 
Americans who play a nearly 
forgotten Jewish folk music. 

Once wildly popular in all 
those parts of Eastern Europe 
where they spoke Yiddish (Od- 
essa was foe New Orleans of 
Russia, they claimed), it was 
transported to foe US early, this 
century but after foe 1920s began 
to fade and almost died oul 
The leader of the group 
described this klezmer music, 
enticingly, as a sort of missing 
link between early jazz. Kurt 
Weill. Prokofiev and Betty Boop 
soundtracks. Having searched 
out a few surviving veterans of 
foe music, and done months of 
painstaking research, they felt in 
a position to recreate foe music 
and put it back on record. 

I had never heard of this 
beguiling music, and nor had any 
of my Jewish friends with foe 
sm^le exception of Peter, who 
obligingly played me an ancient 
klezmer record down foe tele- 
phone. It sounded, not very 
encouragingly. like gypsy music 
interpreted by Mantovani. 

I did the rounds of all the 
specialist shops in London, from 
folk to showbiz: none had heard 
of the records either, until almost 
as a last throw I went to foe folk 
department of Dobell ; s Jazz 
Record Shop in Tower Street. 
The man there fa a walking 
discography. 

“Oh ves. Klezmorim records 
we can get for you." he said 
“They have two LPs out on foe 
Arhoolie JabeL which is early 
authentic Yiddish stuff, and two 
later LPs on the Flving Fish 
label. They've become a bit more 
jazz-oriented on these last two 
Take your pick." 

1 picked the last two and took 
them • home. Missing link be- 


As my ears became accus- 
tomed to it. I also began to hear 
curious non-wesiem scales, 
moods which varied from wild 
jollity to a keening melancholy 
and a spirit which certainly could 
be called jazz-like, although their 
one attempt at a genuine jazz 
number. Ellington's The Mooch. 
fa dull and clipped. 

The more I listen to iL foe 
more I like it The pedantry 
implied by all that research fa 
nowhere to be heard in their 
playing, which is wonderfully 
spirited. Even the titles of the 
tunes convey foe familiar vet , 
exotic flavour Yiddishcr Charles- vfc 
ton. Kramtweiss Steps Out. Stant- 
bul Bucharest, a Wild Night in 
Odessa and The Tuba Doina — 
this last a haunting slow tuba 
rolo backed only by tremolos on 
the xylophone. Mark you. I'm 
not quite sure it all justifies foe 
f“ vei ?i s,n g prose on foeir latest 
LP. Metropolis: 

“They lived like gypsies and 
played like, demons. You could 
find them stirring dancers to 
frenzy al a week-long village 
wedding, .marching in brass- 
ouuoned splendour with foe 
Tsar s military band, entertaining 
aristocrats at a Viennese spa. or 
jamming at a waterfront tavern , 
m the Moldovanke. the thieves* / 
Odessa. They were 
cal ed klezmorim and they had 
style all their own. full of 
unorthodox tonalities and cra- 
rtlv-mtcriocking rhythms - the 
rollicking, vodka-soaked sound of 
a steam calliope gone mad." 

No music could live up to that 
son of build-up. but the Kiez- 
monm do their powerful best 

SSi, 3**. lhc y do echo Kurt 
cm. and gypsy music, and jazz 
like Ziggy Elman. Con-_ 
sider me hooked. ■ • 

foe mao al 

vUS? ! S u ” °V r conlacls in New 

York ten us the next trend could 

oc tango music. Remember, you 
heard it here first ” 


heard it here first." 

Although not quite ready for a 
wngo boom veu \ did. ro away 


mussing imk be- Iet - LU * am. go away 

tween Prokofiev and early jazz?. To a - COpy of a new Harlequin 
*c!L the line-up fa certainly like 71 f m,Ued Jazz and Hot Dance 
an early jazz group (two brass. 1? Ar &mimt 1W5-/950: Volume 


two reeds, tuba and percussion) 
but foe music struck me at firei 
hearing as a cross between circus 
music, silent film accompani- 
ment and a gypsy brass band. 


«UW I resist a record * 
!jke Ahn,ed 
BwiSJ' V US n L H Ilon Pickers de 
BueEr£ '\ ires - 9" Ihis evidence 

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' THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 1986 


13 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


1 Pennington Street, London El. Telephone 01 481 4100 


OVER THE HORIZON 


W^H e i/ 0r the ™ atro1 of w»l*h is not an automatic 

Process, that the politician 
cal fall-out is settling. We are cannot sit in the driving seat 


now facing the aftermath. 

It is a muddled and a 
muddied picture. The 
squabblings at the surfece of 
the Conservative Party have 
been as unattractive as any 
pibterranean misunderstand- 
ing in Whitehall Mr Biffen 
makes his criticisms in one 
code. Mr Heseltine uses 
another. Lord Whitelaw hits 
back in a third private 
language. Loyalties are traded 
and betrayed as though at a 
prep school. 

In the meantime the 
shadow-boxing and the 
skirmishing have quickly ac- 
quired their own political 
reality. For commentators 
and cabinet ministers the 
game is now the thing As the 
pundits discuss the relative 
unity of the parties and their 
poll chances in the various 
circumstances that may arise, 
it needs to be remembered 
this is ' a ' dangero us gamp . 

The national leadership is 
not yet up to be grabbed. The 
strutting combatants ran 
show only their barks, not 
their bites. But while the dust 
and the noise suggest a 
diversity of future options for 
Britain, the reality that there 
are only two fundamental 
choices remains hidden. 

In the years to come there 


like some absent-minded 
debutante, press the accel- 
erator and expect to proceed 
smoothly and for ever. 

While workers* living stan- 
dards have been rising infla- 
tion is now understood for 
the cruel and unfair tax on 
ordinary peoples' savings that 
it is. Even those who have 
not willed these changes, 
indeed who have opposed 
them at every turn, are happy 
to stand on the new ground. 
If Mrs Thatcher were to be 
driven to a premature retire- 
ment, some of her achieve- 
ments would survive. 

What would not survive, 
however, is the best chance 
that Britain has to equip itself 
for the future. For while Mr 
Heseltine and Mr Walker are 
happy to accept that Britain’s 
economy is no perpetual 
motion machine, they are no 
less convinced that if a better 
driver (ie one of them) were 
to be sitting behind the wheel 
that if there were greater 
resources of state power with 
which to press the accelerator, 
the path of perfect progress 
would be clear. 

They accept that past 
enthusiasts for tnig govern- 
ment have made big mis- 
takes. They are grateful that 
some of the worst of those 


can either be a strengthening errors, the most grotesque 
of the opportunities of the union privileges, the most 


individual that Mrs Thatcher 
has pioneered, the further 
rolling back of the state, the 
increasing of the demands 
upon personal responsibility; 
or there can be the opposite - 
more state intervention, the 
sapping of individual will, the 
easy conditions of corrosive 
pational decline. 


absurd nationalised industry 
losses, have been done away 
with. They believe, however, 
that such mistakes would not 
occur again if the old cor- 
pora tist ways were readopted. 

Mrs Thatcher’s model of 
society, on the other hand, is 
quite different It is one in 
which a large number of 


The next phase of individual decisions are gov- 
Thatcherism will be at least erned by the forces of the 


as tough as its predecessors. 
.We do not think that the 
British people will reject it for 
that It will have to be ready 
to survive after its architect 
has left the political scene. 
We would rather this were 
later than sooner. 

But before any of these 
prospects can be achieved, 
Mrs Thatcher and her 
supporters must separate 
themselves from the melee. 


market place and set in 
motion by the free choices of 
people who have a stake in 
the wealth of the nation. 

Such a model is sometimes 
hard to apply to day-to-day 
political decisions. It is much 
easier to pull levers of power 
than to educate. Education 
takes longer. It brings more 
set-backs. It puts an enor- 
mous emphasis on tone and 
style. Mistakes have been 


great campaigns of 
privatisation achieved only a 
pari of their potential bene- 
fits. A massive extension of 
home ownership and share 
ownership has been achieved. 
But the chance to make every 
new owner of bis house or his 
BT shares into an enthusiast 
for capitalism has been ne- 
glected. 

Every new shareholder had 
a chance to join the ranks of 
those in society who earn 
their living from their capital 
as well as from their Labour. 
The number of those who had 
that chance could have been 
maximised - albeit at some 
expense to administrative 
convenience and exchequer 
receipts. Instead the method 
of allocation was timid. 

Every new bouse owner 
gained an asset which could 
be used to produce wealth as 
well as shelter. But rent 
controls were left untouched. 
Labour mobility suffered. So 
did the prospects of a more 
positive attitude to capital 

There are still many more 
shares to be sold. The caution 
that governed the sale of, 
British Telecom and Gas 
need not be applied to British 
Rail or the Electricity Boards. 
Shares can even be given 
away. The prize is an increase 
in the number of people who 
are liberated from psychologi- 
cal dependance on the state, 
who are prepared to consider 
private provision for educa- 
tion and health care, whose 
new freedoms help the pro- 
cess of defining where the 
state’s responsibilities should 
end and how they should be 
paid for. 

Wealth does not only need 
to be more widely spread, it 
needs to be seen and felt to be 
more widely spread. Individ- 
uals need to be encouraged to 
keep the wealth themselves 
that is currently held on their 
behalf out of right and out of | 
mind, in their pension funds. 
Some of the Prime Minister’s 


Ethnic issues in Under-funding of State schools 

policing London Fr0m lhe Headmaster of 

% ^ Z 7 7 Hinchingbrooke School 

From Canon Charles Walker end 


Pastor Vernon A*. Nelson 
Sir, Most people concerned with 
community police relations in 
London realise that there is an 
urgent need to integrate the 
Metropolitan Police. In a force of 

26.000 officers there are still less 
than 300 black or Asian officers; 

3.000 such officers would more 
nearly reflect the ethnic make-up 
of contemporary London. 

All conventional efforts to 
recruit more ethnic minority 
officers have had minim al suc- 
cess. And the Metropolitan Po- 
lice have not been very successful 
in retaining the few black and 
Asian officers that they have 
managed to recruit. 

The police recognise that they 
need the help of the community 
to overcome the problem. In 
Brixton the undersigned have 
recently launched an initiative to 
gain community support for both 
the recruitment and for the 
sustaining of black and Asian 
police officers. 

There are two main difficulties: 
one is the poor reputation that 
the police nave in the minds of 
most young people in the 
minority communities. The other 
is the hassle that young recruits, 
especially black ones, can expect 
from their own communities. 

Imagine the effect on this 
delicate cause, of the incident in 
Holloway which has just come to 
light (after two years) from the 
police complaints authority! Five 
youths, including two black ones, 
are acknowledged to have been 
beaten up unjustly by police 
officers from one of three vans. 
Yet the Metropolitan Police have 
not been able to breach a wall of 
silence protecting the guilty 
officers. 

Can the Commissioner really 
expect the people of London in 
general and the Mack community 
in particular to believe that 
skilled investigating officers can- 
not penetrate this conspiracy of 
silence; and does he expect us to 
accept the feet that the guilty 
officers remain in the force 
unpunished? 

Yours sincerely, 

CHARLES WALKER, 

Roman Catholic chaplain to the 
West Indian community in south 
London. 

VERNON N. NELSON, Min- 
ister, 

New Testament Church of God, 
Brixton, 

South London Catholic Carib- 
bean Chaplaincy, 

135 Nightingale lane, SW12. 
February 9. 


Sir, In his somewhat simplistic 
answer to the education crisis 
(“Good schools for all qi mini- 
mum cost". February 6) Oliver 
Letwin cites Cambridgeshire as 
an example of good practice in 
ig schools a greater say in the 
agement of their own budget. 

As bead of one of the seven 
schools in the pilot scheme, I am 
pleased to confirm that the local 
financial management scheme 
does indeed oner a welcome 
degree of flexibility in manage- 
ment, an incentive to good 
housekeeping and the satisfaction 
of a measure of independence. 


What needs io be added, most 
emphatically, is that such a 
scheme cannot, of itself, com- 
pensate for under-funding in 
capitation allocation and in 
capital investment. 


In a large school like 
Hinchingbrooke, “savings" of 2 
per cem of budget produce about 
£30,000 which can be used, 
according to the needs of the 
individual school to provide 
extra teachers, extra ancillary 
staff and some extra equipment. 

This cannot disguise the feet that 
we have 1 5 temporary class- 
rooms, many of which have been 
■‘temporary*’ for over 20 years; 
nor can it do much to com- 
pensate for the feet that we only 
have £25 per pupil for the books 
and materials for a whole year’s 
study across all subjects. 


Although there is much to be 
gained by freeing schools from 
remote control whether by cen- 
tral or local government, there 
will be no genuine solution to the 
education crisis until the Prime 
Minister and her policy unit 
realise that they have seriously 
underfunded the State sea or and 
that the most unsatisfactory 
condition of schools today is the 


Department of History, 
Oxford 9 


Road, Manchester. 


advisers have proposed that Shackle ill Nepal 
individuals should have a Fmmn Mn Alison ^gar 
Personal Investment Pool for "■ T - 


Sir, I am hurt on behalf of my 
many friends who work for the 
International Nepal Fellowship 
and the United Mission to Nepal 
by the untrue implications of Mrs 
J. Men (February 7). Having 
spent ten weeks last summer in 


which the tax incentives 
would be as favourable as 
they currently are for institu- 
tions. Such, a scheme would 
be a major advance. It could 

« lay the groundwork for other «wmu..cuu * ueumeu 

With every trading of coded made. Mrs Thatcher often still bolder initiatives such as projeS^on^o^oSSon^W I staff retirement, 
criticism or banal insult, a seemed to disparage almost the extension of payments to comeacross any activity which w " haH a ” v ' ,n,prf 3 

workers in the form of profit- could be described as “unwanted 
related bonuses and share- evangelists . . - influencing the 
options in the companies that gg fejy from the* ong- 
employ them. 


Voluntary services 

From the Chairman of the 
London Boroughs Grants 
Committee 

Sir, The letter from Peter Jay, 
Chairman of the National Coun- 
cil for Voluntary Organisations, 
and others (February 6) was 
already out of date when it 
suggested that no budget bad 
been agreed for my committee's 
expenditure for grants to vol- 
untary organisations for 1986/87. 

By January 30 two thirds of the 
London boroughs had approved 
a budget of £27 million, and on 
that day my committee, which 
has received over 2,000 applica- 
tions, approved grams totalling 
about £2.5 million. 

In London, unlike other metro- 
politan areas, we are further 
advanced since almost a year 
ago; with support from the 
Department of the Environment 
the 20 Conservative and Liberal- 
comroiled boroughs started plan- 
ning and by July were able to 
recommend a detailed structure 


in, this committee was formed 
and steps could be taken to 
interview and engage staff This 
has seriously delayed the process- 
ing and approval of applications. 


We are now anxious to 
consider these as rapidly as 
possible. In some cases it has 
been necessary to defer consid- 
eration of applications in order to 
obtain more information. 


I have seen the reply (February 
11) by the Chairman of the 
Grants Sub-Committee of the 
City of Westminster to the part 
of Peter Jay's letter referring to 
that council but I would draw 
your attention to the feci that 
that council is giving a £1 million 
boost to help deal with the 
problems of drug abuse, the 
disabled, the mentally handi- 
capped, the home-help service 
and the provision of child 
minders. Maybe their priorities 
are preferable to those of the 
GLC. 


vital distinction is blurred, every act of the state instead 
Under Mrs Thatcher’s of just those that are in- 
premiership the centre ground efficient or unnecessary. For 
of politics has shifted The long periods the message that 
miners* leaders were not what the state had to do it 
allowed to take the scalp of a had to do well was lost 
second Tory Prime Minister; But the Prime Minister has 
the unions were given back to at least learnt from those 
their members; a popular war mistakes. Her opportunity to 
was won in the South Atlantic continue the process of educa- 
that others would not have tion, to refine it, to increase 
dared to fight. But most its range and its subtlety is 
important of all a giant unique. During the Westland 
process of education in the debacle she has suffered some 
mechanics of economic life of the problems of an ageing 
was begun. adminikration. In the after- 

The engine was stripped 1 math she must learn to use its 
down. It is now clear to strengths. She does not need 
politicians of almost every to join those obsessed with 
shade and hue - Mr Kinnock, short-term political advan- 
Mr Hattersley, Dr Owen, Mrs tage. She can direct her 
Williams, Mr Heseltine , Mr thoughts over the horizon. 
Walker - that the creation of In the first two terms the 


Of all those who beat the 
drum for privatisation how 
many see the social changes 
that . should be the 
programme's longest lasting 
result? The Prime Minister 
may not have done all that 
she might have done in this 
regard. But at least there is 
the prospect of her doing so. 

That is the difference be- 
tween moving forward from 
Mrs Thatcher’s past achieve- 
ments under Mrs Thatcher's 
future leadership and moving 
forward under the aegis of 
those who think that quite! 
enough has been done al-| 
ready. 


THE PHILIPPINES DILEMMA 

US State Department of- even he was unable to restore a more politically experienced 


fi cials must be questioning 
the wisdom of encouraging 
president Marcos of the 
Philippines to hold an elec- 
tion at all 

Now, a week after the poll, 
the result is still unclear. 
Reports of ballot-rigging and 
plain cheating abound. And 
the authority of President 
Marcos, far from being en- 
hanced by something akin to 
a democratic mandate, has 
rather been undermined 
America’s chief ally in South- 
East Asia has emerged from 
the election even more of a 
liability to his patrons in 
Washington than he was 

before. . TTC 

The dilemma for the US 
Administration is what to do 
next President Reagan's gut 
reaction has been to greet the 
conclusions of his election 
observer team - confirming 
reports of wholesale cheating 
- with scepticism, and to send 
his own special envoy, Mr 
Philip Habib, out to Manila 
to assess the situation. That 
can be little more than a 
holding operation. 

Mr Habib is a veteran 
unraveller of American 
embarrassments abroad. »ui 


credibility to the US involve- 
ment in Lebanon. And it is 
unlike ly that he will be able 
to do much to restore it in the 
Philippines either. 

It is not so much that the 
Americans have backed the 
wrong horse; for a long time 
President Marcos was the 
only runner. It is more that 
they did little to disperse the 
gathering cloud of corruption 
around the Marcos leadership 
until it was too late. Then 
they tried to repair the 
damage by cajoling him into 
an election - before there was 
any convincing or coherent 
alternative. 


leader than Mrs Aquino, it| 
offers no credible alternative 
either to the people of the ] 
Philippines or to the Ameri- 
cans, who value stability in 
an ally above all else. For 1 
them, the crunch will come if | 
and when President Marcos is 
incapable of keeping order. 
But it is something they will 
have to bear in mind, and 
plan for from now on. 

The desire of the US 
administration to avoid anyj 
repetition of their country's 
humiliation in Iran seven 
years ago is understandable. 
But encouraging President 
Marcos to call an election to 


Those Christian westerner s 
who have given up their careers 
and homes to help the Nepalese 
understand only too well that 
evangelism is forbidden. Both 
INF and UMN have signed 
its with _ The Nepalese 
lent which include a 
clause forbidding proselytisation 
and understand that they can 
only work in Nepal on these 
terms. 

That they never share their 
feith on a personal level with 
interested Nepali friends is 
equally untrue; surely this should 
be allowed under the Human 
Rights article guarameeeing, free- 
dom to choose one's religious 
beliefs. Aggressive persuasion is 
what is implied by Mrs Merz and 
I would strongly contest this 
criticism. 

The days of the Crusades arc 
no longer - 1 challenge anyone 
who does not believe me to go to 
Nepal and see for themselves. 
Yours faithfully, 

ALISON EDGAR, 

Gonvflle and Cains College, 
Cambridge. 

February 10. 


We had appointed a director- 
designate for the grams unit and 
proceeded to invite applications 
to be made before October. 

It was. however, not until 
October 17 that Labour-con- 
trolled authorities finally joined 


Yours faithfully. 

DAVID COBBOLD, Chairman, 
London Boroughs Grants 
Committee, 

London Boroughs' Grants Unit, 
PO Box 57, 

7th floor, Regal House, 

London Road, 

Twickenham, Middlesex 


Orchestra at risk 


The crowds who flocked to justify his position and im- 
hear the opposition can- prove his image was both a 


didate, Corazon Aquino, 
show that there is a general 
interest in change in the 
Philippines. The groups from 


disrespect to the democratic 
process as well as a bad 
miscalculation. 

The best course for Presi- 


Indnstry year 

Fmm Mr J. B. Wilkin 
Sir, We can all share Ian 
Bradley's dream of self-suf- 
ficiency in a post-industrial green 
and pleasant land, but his 
economics are naive. 

He may maintain his car, but 
be cannot make in he no doubt 
stores his home-grown vegetables 
in a freezer; and he must use a 
variety of manufactured tools 
and equipment to make his 
furniture. These goods do not 
grow on frees. 

He abo places emphasis on the 
work of doctors, nurses and 
teachers, but his DIY work 
generates no taxes to pay them. 
And who is to pull down the dark 
satanic mills? 

By all means eliminate drudg- 


From Mr Alfred Dowling and Mr 
Anthony Ovenell 
Sir, I am sure that readers of The 
Times will be disturbed to hear 
of the possible closure of the 
Philharmonic Hall Liverpool 
when its present owner, 
Merseyside County Council is 
abolished on April l. The 
Government is proposing to 
transfer the hall to Liverpool City 
Council who have said that 
because of their special financial 
difficulties the) - wjU not have the 
funds to contribute to the 
running of the hall and the Royal 
Liverpool Philharmonic Or- 
chestra. 

The Royal Liverpool Phil- 
harmonic Society, who were led 
to believe that ownership of the 
hall would pass to a residuary 
body set up by the Government 
and that funds would be avail- 
able from the Arts Council to run 
the hall have had to try at this 
late stage to organise an alter- 
native owner in the form of a 
trust fund, which would be 
funded by the Arts Counril and 
the successor local authorities. 

However, a joint co-ordinating 
committee set up by the local 
authorities and the Arts Counril 
to negotiate a solution has 
foundered over the inability of 
some of the local authorities to 
contribute. It takes no great feat 
of imagination to see what the 
consequences will be for the 
future of the RLPO if it is to be 
without its halL 
Yours sincerely, 

ALFRED DOWLING, Chair- 
man, 

ANTHONY OVENELL, 
Vice-Chairman, 

Players’ Committee, 

Royal Liverpool Philharmonic 
Society, 

Philharmonic Hall 
Hope Street. Liverpool. 


Working at Wapping 

From Mr C H. F. Blake 
Sir, I am glad that Mr Longley 
(February 5) feels that the 
principles of Times journalists 
remain intact How they must 
have agonised at chapel and 
union branch meetings! 

And while journalists' 
determination to bring us the 
news at whatever cost is 
commendable, nowhere in his 
article is there any mention of 
loyalty to the hand that feeds 
them. 

If there were no proprietors, 
whether millionaires or other- 
wise, there would be no news- 
papers - and no journalists. Mr 
Longley and his readers should 
be grateful for Mr Murdoch's 
prescience and courage. 

Yours faithfully, 

C H. F. BLAKE, 

4 Park Street 
Chari bury, Oxford. 



FEBRUARY 13 1945 


direct result of the priorities and 
policies they have adopted. 
Yours sincerely, 

P. J. DOWNES, Headmaster. 
Hinchingbrooke School 
Brampton Road. 

Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire. 

From Dr Peter Siee 
Sir, Mr Letwin's views on 
education are misplaced; in- 
evitably so, for they rest on a 
fundamental misconception of 
historical evidence. The 1944 
Education Act did not national- 
ize English education; it 
standardized iL 

By clarifying the purpose and 
scope of education and by 
increasing the diversity of educa- 
tional provision it laid down a 
series of minimum standards 
from which every future citizen 
was, by law, entitled to proGt 
Interpretation of the Act in terms 
of local provision was a local not 
a national matter. 

The “education crisis** is not 
therefore as Mr Letwin defines it, 
an intractable industrial dispute, 
the inevitable by-product of an 
unwieldy nationalized industry. 
The teachers' strike is only a 
symptom, not the cause of our 
problems. The education crisis is 
a crisis of values. 

The 1944 Education Act was 
engendered by a strong faith in 
education as the most powerful 
instrument for improving the 
quality of life, public and private, 
present and future. We have lost 
that feith. We no longer under- 
stand the purpose of education. 
We no longer are able to relate 
educational practice to the chang- 
ing needs of a changing society. 

Until frank and open dis- 
cussion to determine ends and 
means is conducted and consen- 
sus reached the crisis will deepen 
and the cloud over the nation's 
future darken. 

Yours sincerely, 

PETER SLEE, 

University of Manchester, 


The Crimea Conference was held 
at Yalta February 4-1 1 1945, 
There Winston Churchill, 
President Roosevelt and Marshal 
Stalin drew up plans not only for 
the final defeat of Germany, but 
also those for the future of post- 
war Europe. The high hopes 
entertained or that momentous 
meeting have not materialised, A 
leading article ui The Times on 
February 13 1945 spoke of 
" mutual confidence and 
unanimity of counsel" and of 
''unanimity reached between the 
three great Powers upon the 
future of Poland”. On February 4 
1985 the paper returned to the 
j subject and had to find agreement 
I with Churchills fears of Yalta, as a 
"fraudulent prospectus". 


From Mrs Julian Barker 
Sir, On rereading some T. & 
Eliot last night I found that the 
following lines from Old 
Possum's Book of Practical Cats , 
“Growltiger's last stand", had 
acquired fresh meaning: 

Oh there was joy in Wapping 
when the 

news fled through the land; 
Yours faithfully, 

FRANCES BARKER, 

Repton Vicarage, Derby. 


which she drew her supi»rt- ton now fe «> .^ Meaningful terms 

which include the Catholic careful note of alJ the forces by sharing the work equitably, from Mr Robert Vincent 

Church, sections of the armed brought into the open by the Bui the weahh produced by sfa^BkaRd kibe amort of a 

forces and the professional election campaign and act efficient industry is the life-blood fas^Sd ret 

classes - show too that the with caution. Any precipitate of a civilized, healthy and 
rnmmunisi Patty need no action could have an even comforttbte existence, 

longer be the only refuge for, more destabilizing effect than 7°S rs v ^ r 1 ^Vil y ’ 

those who oppose President an election which so far has ,* 9 m RoaiL 
Marcos. . . done neither the Americans Jesmoni ^ 

But until that opposition nor the people of the Phil- Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
has a more cohesive form and ippines any good. February 8. 


United Stales fast food res- 
taurant, on the west coast some 
years ago, with the window sign - 
Instant De-Hungerisation. 

Yours faithfully. 

ROBERT VINCENT, 

Dilly House, 

Wildhem, 

Andover. Hampshire. 


Sloppy service 

From Mr Robert Weston 
Sir, I should like to issue a 
challenge to the person respon- 
sible for the design of the coffee 
cup used on the British Rail Bath 
Spa/Paddingfon line. 

If he or she can cany such a 
cup, filled to the usual level with 
scaldingly hot coffee and 
“sealed" with the usual fid, from 
the buffet car to the end of the 
last carriage, without discomfort 
or loss of said coffee, I will be de- 
lighted to treat him or her to a 
British Rail breakfast (in the 
restaurant car - I insist') at any 
mutually convenient time, with 
the one condition that the 
reciprocal treat will be exacted 
should the attempt foil 
Yours scaldedly, 

ROBERT WESTON, 

5 Royal Crescent, Bath. Avon. 


EIGHT DAYS’ 
DECISIONS 

CONSTRUCTIVE RECORD! 
From our Diplomatic 
Correspondent 

Unbounded satisfaction was ex- 
pressed in London last night with 
the results of the Crimea Confer- 
ence as Bet out in an official 
statement which will rank as an 
outstanding diplomatic document 
of the war. The three leaders met 
at the Livadia Palace at Yalta, in 
the Crimea - a lovely setting with 
its vineyards, cypresses, and 
woodlands, and the snow on the 
heights overlooking it. 

NEW MILITARY BLOWS 
The statement is in effect the 
death sentence on National- 
Socialist Germany. The three 
leaders have decided against 
making a direct appeal to the 
Germans to recognize the hope- 
lessness of further resistance and 
to overthrow the regime which 
has led them to defeat. New 
military blows will it has been 
decided, be more effective than 
any propagandist appeal. The 
occupation and control of 
Germanyafter final defeat are 
described in some detail It is 
disclosed for the first time that a 
Central Control Commission shall 
be set up in Berlin. This will 
consist of the Supreme Com- 
manders of the three Powers. 
France will be invited to nomi- 
nate a fourth member. France will 
also have her own zone of 
occupation, to be fixed by the 
European Advisory Commission, 
on which France has her repre- 
sentative. It is noted with deep 
satisfaction that the conference 
showed in the moat practical 
sense its recognition of the rights 
of France. 

Agreement on these matters 
was not expected to present 
serious difficulties, but H was 
thought .there might be differ- 
ences on such issues as the 
Dumbarton Oaks plan and the 
future of Poland— It is under- 
stood that an American formula 
on voting procedure - left over for 
further consideration at Dumbar- 
ton Oaks - was accepted fry the 
conference. It will not be pub- 
lished until it has been considered 
by France and China, who, with 
Great Britain, the United States, 
and Russia, will send permanent 
members to the proposed Security 
Council. 

PROGRESS ON POLAND 
The proposals for the settle 
ment of the Polish question are 
regarded as one of the greatest 
achievements of the conference. It 
was recognized that matters had 
reached a deadlock, with the 
Lublin Government acting inside 
the country and the London 
Government acting outside. The 
Gordian knot has been cut. It is 
intended that a new Provisional 
Government shall be formed 
representative of all democratic 
Poles. In such an administration 
the Peasant Party, which is not 
represented in the London Gov- 
ernment. will naturally have its 
due place. 

With the acceptance of the 
Curzon Line, with slight modifi- 
cations, it is expected that Poles 
to the east and Ukrainians and 
White Russians to the west will 
be exchanged. Poland will receive 
full territorial compensation in 
the north and the west, and this 
will form an integral part of the 
peace settlement. The proposals 
were communicated to the Polish 
Ambassador in London last night 
before the issue of the official 
statement The attitude of the 
present Government remains to 
be defined. In some quarters the 
hope is entertained that M. 
Mrkolajczyk, loyal to the policy of 
the late General Sikoraki, of 
establishing the friendliest rela- 
tions with Russia, may play a 
notable part in bringing into 
existence a Provisional Govern- 
ment recognized by all the allies. 

The Declaration on Liberated 
Europe will be warmly welcomed, 
but all observers are agreed that 
everything depends on the speed 
with which the three major 
Powers act in giving effect to lhe 
unimpeachable principles laid 

down. Reports accumulate about 
the lack of food and supplies in 
the liberated lands— 




-r.i _ 
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S <1./. 

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r.-d £ 
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“'I. 




Staying power 

From Mr Antony Atkins 
Sir, I still wear for the less gentle 
outdoor activities a pair of khaki 
drill slacks made for me by the 
Indian regimental tailor at 
Jubbulpore in 1941 
Not only have they survived 
the rigours of hundreds of 
maltreatments at the dhobi ghats, 
lhe more moderate cleansing of 
lhe present washing machine and 
the strain of the more ample 
proportions of the wearer, but 
they still bear the dhobi marie by 
which the laundryman identified 
the owner. I have yet to find a 
marking ink equally enduring. 
Yours ferthfolly, 

ANTONY ATKINS, 

2 Easibrook Place, 

Dover, Kent. 


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14. 


LAW 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 1986 


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COURT 
AND 
SOCIAL 


Saleroom 


Soaring prices for sporting guns 


OBITUARY 

FRAP® HERBERT 
Creator of sci-fi extravaganza 


By Genuine Norman, Safe Room Correspondent 


COURT 

CIRCULAR 

BUCKINGHAM PALACE 
February 12: The Hon Sir 
Eustace Gibbs bad the honour 
of being received by The 
Queen this morning when Her 
Majesty conferred upon him 
the honour of Knighthood and 
invested him with the Insignia 
of B Knight rnmnanrier of the 

Royal Victorian Order. 

Colonel Sir Piers 
had the honour of 
received by The Queen when 
Her Majesty conferred upon 
him the honour of Knighthood 
and invested him with the 
Insignia of a Knight Com- 
mander of the Royal Victorian 
Order. 

Miss Jennifer Damrd bad 
the honour of being received by 
The Queen when Her Majesty 
invested her with the Insignia 
of a Member of the Royal 
Victorian Order. 

Mr Cyril Dickman had the 
honour of being received by 
The Queen when Her Ma} 
decorated him whh the " 
Victorian Medal (Gold). 

His Excellency Monsieur 
Stephanos G. Sialhatos was 
received in audience by The 
Queen and presented the Let- 
ters of Recall of his predecessor 
and his own Letters of Cre- 
dence as Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary and Plenipotentiary 
from Greece to the Court of St 
James's. 

- His Excellency was accompa- 
nied by the following members 
of the Embassy who had the 
honour of being presented to 
-Her Majesty: Mr Christos 
'Tsaiilds (Counsellor), Captain 
'George Togas (Defence Atta- 
che), Mr Apostolos Annin as 
.(C ounsellor), Captain George 
‘Thanopoulos (Shimring Atta- 
-che), Mr Elias Cns (Coun- 
'sellor). Mr Theodor Karavias 
(Counsellor (Economic and 
Commercial Affairs)), Mr 
Tilemachos Chytiris (Press 
Counsellor) and Mr 
j^thanassios Xerikos (Coun- 
sellor (Labour Affairs)). 

" Madame Stathatos had the 
honour of being received by 
•The Queen. 

- Mr John Whitehead (Deputy 
'.Undersecretary of State fin: 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
; Affairs) who had the honour of 
.being received by Her Majesty 
was present and the Gentlemen 
of the Household in Waiting 
were in attendance. 

, Mr MLAJ. Staples was re- 
ceived m audience by The 
Queen and kissed hands upon, 
ins appointment as Her 
Majesty’s Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary at»H P lMiipnfMUMr y at 
Helsinki 

r Mrs Staples had die honour 
of being received by The 
-Queen. 

. The Queen held a Council 
*- There were present the 
’Viscount Whitelaw 0 (Lord 
■President), the Lord Gray of 
Con tin (Minister of State, 
Scottish Office), the Right Hon 
£ir Keith Joseph, BUMP (Sec- 
retary of State for Ed uc ation 
and Science) and the Right 
^ion Richard Luce, MP (Min- 
ister of State, Privy Council 
Office and Minister for the 
.Arts). 


Mr Geoffrey de Deney was 
in attendance as Clerk of the 
Council. 

The Viscount Whiteiaw had 
an audience of Her Majesty 
before the Council. 

The Right Hon Leon Brittan, 
MP, had an audience of The 
Queen, delivered up his Seals 
of Office, and took leave upon 
rdinqmshing his app ointm ent 
as Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry. 

Miss Margaret MacDonald 
had foe honour of being 
received by The Queen this 
afternoon when Her Majesty 
invested her with the Insignia 
of a Lieutenant of the Royal 
Victorian Order. 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh gave a Reception at 
Budringham Palace this eve- 
ning for winner* of The 
Queen's Awards for Export and 
Technology in 1985, at which 
The Duke of Gloucester and 
The Duke of Kent were 
present. 

The Duke of Edinburgh this 
morning chaired the 
Council Selection Committee 
for The Duke of Edinburgh's 
Designer's Prize, at the Design 
Centre, Haymarket, SW1. 

Mr Brian McGrath was in 
attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs 
Mark Phillips, this evening 
attended the Annual Banquet 
of the Bristol Chamber of 
Commerce at the Grand Hotel, 
Bristol, and, as President, 
received a Land Rover on 
behalf of the Save the Children 
Fund. 

Her Royal Highness was 
received by the vice Lord- 
Lieutenant for Avon (Sir 
naid Verdon-Smith) and 
dayor of 
dllor J. Bosdet). 

Mrs Malcolm Wallace was in 
attendance. 

By Command of The Queen, 
the Countess Mountbaoen of 
Burma (Vice Lord-Lieutenant 
for Kent) was prese n t at Royal 
Air Force Mansion this morn- 
ing upon the arrival of The 
President of the French Repub- 
lic and welcomed The Resi- 
dent on behalf of Her Majesty. 
CLARENCE HOUSE 
February 12: Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel N. Claypoolc today had the 
honour of being received by 


The rapid inflation in prices of 

the best sporting guns, new 
ffnde almost cxdnshdy in 
Britain, was dramatically 
at Christie^ yes- 
terday. A groap of snperti ffm 
made for a European nobleman 
fa fat 1970s, which hag 
probably never been used, were 
offered for sale. 

A set of three 12-tore self- 
opener sidektek ejector guns 
made for him by Holland and 
Holland In about 1976 sold for 
£34£60 although a second 
set of three was left 
aseld at £324)00. 

The two seta had cost about 
J3L0O0 each when new, accord- 
ing to Holland and Holland, 
bat if they were bring made for 
a diene today the charge would 
be around £51j000 a set. 

In that context the two lots 
look like bargains but, as their 
makers were the first to point 
out, there are not that many 
people around rich enough to 
bay such a set. 



Most sportsmen are content 
with a pair of guns and the 
Bobiemn'r pair of 20 
sold for £34560 or 
what they would cost 
wen bofft in about 
1975 for the n obleman' s wife 
and cost J&9QQ. 

Christie’s expert pointed oat 
that second-hand gans are 
la gg in g behind the rapid infla- 
tion ta new guns and could be 
ready for a jmaj» iu pike seme 
tine son. It did net happen 
. The sale totalled 
with 20 per cent left 


P hillips * « wwwl mI» Of 
Valentine cards and other 
ephemera met keen (ridding 
with nearly all the cards 
selling. Many priv ate people 
who did not attend the ante had 
left e mum i ssinu bids, which 
accounted for the bdk of the 
purchases. 

The top price was £280 
(estimate £60-£80) for a haud- 


cofemed prist of young tons 
which was sent to a Mn me aota 
beauty in BA mid was sold 
with a finely gflt engr a ved and 
hand-coloured envelope sent to 
a New Yorker. The American 
connect i on no doubt helped the 
price. Two bvmonms cards of 
about 1845 proved the cheapest 
offering gt £15 (estimate £20- 
£30). 

Sotheby’s routine sale ef 
ninetec^ih-cefitiiiy European 
patotmgs ran into some diffi- 
culties with 31 per cent left 

mold and a total of £301203. 
Nobody seems to want pictures 
that have recentl y been on the 
tad even the fiesta 
only find buyers ff they 
de corat ive appeaL 

The highest prices ia 
ye st e rday' s sale were for the 
late niaetecnth-centmry Hague 
School, the batch version of 
Ba b ia n. A view of fishfeg 
boats * from the dare by 
Hendrik WHflam Mesdag, en- 


titled “Unloading the catth”. 
sold for 35,400 (est 
44.MO4&0O0) to s Dutch 
private collector. 

Another awrscapti “Odk&ea 
with a toy boat on a beach”, by 
Jacob Maris, one of the most 
respected landscape pointers of 
the period, sold for £10,450 
(estimate £340044.000} te the 
Scheen Galtay, a Dutch dealer. 


monnag 


of 

Hebrew books was weH at- 
teaded with a lot of buyers from 

thread; it totalled £42,059 with 
8 per cent left unsold, n good 
result in a field where prices 
hare recently been depre ssed . 

The Vabnadoama Trust, 

importa nt pri v at e library, t 
£U» (estimate Ojm-tU 
far an exotic early priatiog 
the Bible, the firat edition of 
the book of Dstaawa 
pubfished in Jndaeo-Acaldc 
Judaeo-Persian, dating from 

1546-47. 


Forthcoming 

marriages 

The Hen LG. Gor-Ewing 
and Miss F.PJVL Knight 
The engagement is announced 
between Colin, second son of 
Lord and Lady Orr-Ewing, of 
Hen wick Okl Farm, Newoury, 
Berkshire, and Fleur, younger 
daughter of the late Dr and 
Mrs Gavin Knight, of Black- 
wood, Gwent 

Mr PJM. Lapsley 
and Miss &A. Wyatt 
The engagemen t is announced 
between Peter, son of Air 
Marshal Sir John Lapsley and 
the fete Lady (Jean) Lapsfey, of 
Aktebuxgh, Suffolk, and lira, 
daughter of Mr Robin Wyatt 
and Mrs E. Dicks Wyatt, both 
of Lo ndo n. 

Mr CJ. Bafly 
and Miss RM. Holliday 
The engagement is annfMinnai 
between Hugh, son of Colonel 
and Mrs Peter Bafly, of Dacre, 
Cumberland, and Barbara, el- 
der daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Andrew Holliday, of Clifton, 
Westmorland. 


Mr K. Evans 
and Mbs GT. Tamer 
The engagement b announced 
between Keith, elder son of Mr 
and Mis WJL. Evans, of 
Mumbles, Swansea, and Clare, 
daughter of Major and Mrs 
Philip Tanner, of Gunrch-- 
Farm, Puiham St Mary, Nor- 
folk. 

Mr BAD. Hoflowood 
and Mbs EL Choke 
The engagement is announced 
between Duncan, son of the 
fete Mr Bernard Hoflowood 
and Mrs Marjorie Duncan 
Hoflowood. of Sbamtoy 
Surrey, and Helen, 

Mrs Ann Clarke, 

Way, Lewes, Sussex. 


Mr P. Hayes 
■ad Mbs J. Ford 
The engagement b announced 
between Patrick, only sou of 
Mr and Mis Francis Hayes, of 
Llans&nnor House, - South 
Glamorgan, and Jacqueline; 
elder daughter of Mr and Mis 
J. Ford, of Appleton, Oxford- 
shire. 

Mr P J. Nelson 
and Mbs NJ. Witts 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, son of Mr and 
Mrs GJF. Nelson, of Croydon, 
Surrey, and Nicola, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs T.M. Wflks. of 


nfey Green, Lymingtan, Hampshire, 
da u g hte r of MrAJJ. Nwgee 
of North and Mias J.C.W. Brew 


Mr AJPJL Cuhner 
and Mbs JJVL Wilson 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, younger son 
of Mr John Culmer and Mrs 
Marcia Patrick, both of 
Woodbridge, Suffolk, and Ju- 
dith, younger daughter of Dr 
upon relinquishing hb appoint- 1 andMrs Harold Wflson, of 
ment as Commanding Officer I LjvcrpooL 


being received 
Qneen Elizabeth The 
Mother, Honorary < 
University of London Contin- 
gent Officers’ Training Corps, 


of the Contingent. 

Liemezmnl'Colonei J. Ben- 
nett also had the honour of 
being received by Her Majesty 
upon assuming his appoint- 
ment as <*Virtimaw«ting Officer 
of the University of London 
Contingent Officers’ Training 
Corps. 

KENSINGTON PALACE 
February 12: Princess Alice, 
Duchess of Gloucester, as 
President, was present tins 
morning at a Meeting of the 
Ladies' Guild of the St John 
Opthalmic Hospital in Jeru- 
salem held at I Grosvenor 
Crescent, London, SW1. Her 
Royal Highness was later 
entertained at Luncheon with 
the Officers of The Queen's 
Guard (The Royal Irish Rang- 
era) at St James's Palace. 


Mr JJVL Dinwiddle 
and Mbs SUEL Mathewses 
The engagement is announced 
between James, younger son of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Gordon 
Dinwiddle, of Kippford, 
Kircudbngbishire, and Mrs 
Molly Dmwktdie, of Faraham, 
Surrey, and Sarah, only daugh- 
ter of the late Mr John 
Mat h e w son, and Mrs Mary 
Mathewson, of Kennington, 
London. - 
Mr R. Edwards 
and Miss G. Bsrteushaw 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, only son of 
Mr and Mrs R.W. Edwards, of 
Loughum, Essex, and Gayle, 
younger daughter of Mr and 
Mrs E. Burtenshaw, of Bridoet 
Wood, St Albans, Hertford- 
shire. 


Mr DS. Hubbard 
and Mbs VJ*. Bril 
The engajjpneat is announced 
between David, son of Mr and 
Mrs J.G. Hubbard, of 
Misterton, Somerset, and 
Veronica, elder daughter of the 
fete Commander J.N. Ball, 
DSC RN, and of Mia PA 
Anderson, of Woodbridge, Suf- 
folk. 

Mr ULC T iwhni 
and Mbs PKA. Hobart 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael Qntis, youn- 
gest son of Mr and Mrs JJVL 
Lmehan. of Tuba.' Oklahoma, 
and Perdiia Susan Alexandra, 
eldest daughter of Major- 
General and Mrs PJR.G Ho- 
bart. of Chester Square, 
London. 

Mr HJVL Marston 
and Mbs P.W. Scott 
The engagement is announced 
between Hugh Michael, son of 
Dr Mi. Marston and Mrs 
E.M. Marston, Leigh Woods, 
and Long Ashton, Bristol. and 
Phflippa Walker, elder daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mis Justin Scott, 
Barton Turfj Norwich. 

Mr SJL Penny, 
and Mbs JJU AUcerauns 
The enga g e m ent is announced 
between Stuart, third son of Mr 
AJ. Penny, of Cmfeton St 
Peter, Norwich, and Mrs 3 A. 
Penny, of Thorpe St Andrew, 
Norwich, and Jennifer, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A.W. 
Akkennans, of Aldsworth, 
Emsworth, formerly of Singa- 
pore. 


Brovnte 

The engagement b announced 
be twe e n Andrew, third son. of 
Mr E.G. Nugee, QC, and Mrs 
Nugee, of Hampstead, NW3, 
and Judith, second daughter of 
the fete Mr M, W. Browne and 
Mrs Browne, of Wimbledon 
Common, SW19. 

Mr M.C. Ptouun h y 
and Miss JJL Heptou 
The engagement b announced 
b e twe e n Miles Chambre^ youn- 
ger son of "" ' 
and Mrs C Poasmby, Linlith- 
gow, and Jane Elizabeth, youn- 
ger daughter of Mr Barrie 
Hopton and Mrs Sally Hopton, 
Adelaide, Australia. 

Mr DA Tamer 
and Mbs A- StaacUD 
The enga ge me n t is announced 
betwe en David Andrew, youn- 
ger son of Mr* B.M. Turner 
and the late Dr. J.W. Cecil 
Turner, of Girton Comer, 
Cambridge, and Anne, only 
daugther of Mr and Mrs Ralph 
Stondiill, of Sundridge Park, 
Kent 

Mr D. Wmbms 
rad Mbs F. VlcJcen 
The engagement is announced 
son of Mr 
fru tarns, of 
Caernarfon, Gwynedd, and 
Fiona, only daughter of Mr 
D.T. Vickers, of Southgate, 
London, N14, and Mrs K. 
Vickers, of Strand, Gloucester- 
shire. 


Ill— JEV VBUI—g 

The engagement is an 
between, Dewi, only sc 
and Mrs A- Willis 


Marriage 


Major J.W. Barnes 
and Mrs A. Butler 
The m ar r ia ge took place in 
London on January 31, 1986, 
of Major Jan Barnes and Mrs 
Anthea Butler. 


Science report 


Crabs that breathe through their legs 


By Thomson Rrantfa* Science Concspomfent 


'The sand-bnbhler crabs, 
Scopimem and DotW*, are 
'small round-bodied crabs which 
exist In vast sambas on the 
-tropical and sub-tropical sandy 
. beadies of tin Indo-PadBc, 
.'feeding on fJanlr^w a 

; and detritus. 

As b^h tide appraadns, 
they dig otto the sand, creating 
barrows that contain a trapped 
'pocket of air, and there they 
-stay until low tide, when they 
tfflwge again to feed. But 
whether they are under the 
sand or not, just how do the 
'exabs breathe? For, most un- 
usually among air-breathing 
crabs, the sand-bubblers do not 
possess a lung or efficient gflls. 

A due to the puzzle b 
contained to the generic name 
Seopimera, which means 
■"thighs with windows to them". 
Loo kin g through those win- 
dows, an Aastralfaa zoologist 
•has, in a remarkable experi- 
ment, found the answer. The 
mbs have developed an alter- 


jve, and unique, as4nafa> 
tog sti a dere in their bgs.The 
zoologist, Mr David Mamand, 
has corned the tom "gas 
wi n d o w s " far the nembrauous 
discs ea the crabs’ finks. 

Imwrdla l ely below the mem- 
branes Iks a complex system ef 
Hood spaces supplied with 
oxygenated blood by a single 
artery. Venous blood drams 
into the leg store which 
ami o u n ds the nmsde like a 
sleeve. When venous Mood 
reaches (he mend segment of 
the leg, it b divided and 
collected in a complex series of 
huge Mood chunneb fanned by 
a matrix of connective tissue 
umI partitions. 

The Mood b directed towards 
the resp irato ry epitbethun 
within branching channels ef 
ever decreasing diameter until 
ft it spread m a thin 
directly be l aw the 


Blood ton the smaller removed. 


within a (bleed series of larger, 
flattened channels, and re- 
directed towards a new patch of 
membrane through a new set of 
smaller channels . 

The process is repeated until 
the Mood leaves the ga»* 
window complex via a coQecting 
system. Most of the venous 
Hood. If net afi of it, b faced 
to pass through tins co m plex. 
The catide cover in g the window 
b extremely this and compares 
well with the ritra-thb fang 
catide ef other air-braathteg 
crabs, Mr Mnitiand found. 

To obtain physmtegical ev- 
idence of the air-breathing 
ftauclicn of the windows he 
measured the o xyge n consump- 
tion of a group of crabs, using 
reapirometers. He patoted ever 
the windows with non-toxic, oB- 
based pai nt, and co mpared t he 
rate of oxygen consumption 
before piloting with the rale 
after the paint had been 


spaces b 
away ton the 


When the gas windows were 
pa in ted over, oxygen intake fefl 


by between 41 and 70 per cent 
When the paint was removed, 
consumption rose 

dgwififimtly *’A U1 mim|Ii antmak 

s o m e times did net recover to 
'pre-painted’ levels, the effect 
was nonetheless dramatic and 
certainly indicates that gas 
windows are involved to aerial 
gas exchange," Mr Maitland 
reports. 

When a no t h er coat of paint 
was applied to the legs after the 
first had dried, the gas windows 
were completely sealed and the 
crabs died soon afterwards. 
They did not die, however, if 
two coats of p ain t woe per- 
forated, and in those coses, 
oxygen consum ption was simi- 
lar to that in crabs with one 
coat of paint. 

To a certain extent , that 
resa l t eaachries a possible toxic 
effect of the ami confirms 

tile importance to breathtog of 
the windows, he soars. 

Source: Natare, February 6, 


Memorial service 

Mr EX. Peters 
A memorial service for Mr 
Eric Conrad Peters was hdd 
at St James's* Piccadilly, 
yesterday. The Rev Donald 
Reeves officiated. Mr Wilfred 
Messenger read the lesson 
and Mr RJL Hadingham, 
Chairman of die All En g lan d 
Lawn Tennis (Tab, gave an 
address. Among those present 
were: 

pern* (widows. Mm WMnai 


I of Zetland. AW < 


Odd and 1 
Holbrook wftbHB 
Mr* R E Hadlngtum. 


1»wb TennU 

1 N E HoinS 


rykwnPrukbnC as 
Tfeno* gutrt wan i 

Gormoa |—f 


NErtcsanondl 
■and Lawn 

rtoHBWI and Mr 

(■MHllr Denk Hardwick 
and Mr Dick roHbm» ntofn* 
Onus. Lawn Tennis A anod Ukw) witn 
WMoanaMOrin): MrJonn 
Cope (CMttL Bar Lawn Tlemu 
■■■iStetaS Hunter (Ortroral 



Luncheon 


Prime Mbbter 
The Prime Minister was host, at 
a luncheon held yesterday at 
the Deanery, Canterbury, in 
honour of M Francois , 
Mitterrand, President of 
France, on the occasion of the 
signa t ure of the Channel Fixed 
Link Treaty. The Mayor of 
Cantexbury was present and 


' m PgMjfa Van*. | 

^OdRudmT 
I air Co o«W 




Frank Herbert, the Ameri- 
can. science fiction, writer 
whose novel. Dune, became a 
runaway best idler, died on 
February 12 in the University 
of Wisconsin Hospital He 
was 65 and had been suffer- 
ing from cancer for some 
time: 

Dune, which sold more 
«fam 12 million copies in 14 

languages, W8S iSCi-fi BtBV- 

aganya, e x tr a or din ary even 
by the standards of the j$enre. 
And as its sequels flowed 
from Herbert’s fertile mind, 
it garnered itself a following 
from a diverse spectrum of 
people. 

Frank Herbert was bona m 
Tacoma, Washington, on Oc- 
tober 8, 1920, ofparents who 
owned a small subsistence 
form. It was not a family of 
literary pretensions and Her- 
bert grew up feeding chickens 

and ipflfrfog cows. 

After school he went to the 
University of Washington 
where he read psychology 
and fog" became a reporter 
wmldng on newspapers up 
and down the Western sea- 
board, iadnding the San 
Francisco Examiner, the Ore- 
gon Statesman and the Seat- 
tle Star. 

Daring the Vietnam War. 
be volunteered for two toms 
as an agency correspondent, 
and be had also brushed the' 
world of politics as a speech 
writer fora Washington State 
senator 

Meanwhile he had begun 
writing and his first novel 



Reception 


w - ■ - i The Dragon in - the Sea 

I appeared m 1955. Set in a 
•small submarine, some. years 
in the future, it was well 
received and was followed by 
■other bodes which estab- 
lished Herbat as an at least 
competent and entertaining 
wri t e r of science fiction. :• 
But none of these books 
prepared sdrfi pundits for the 
ast onishing virtuosity and 
intellectual complexity of 



A Bgto . H^Hwrir fji' -ap wi 

The Anglo-Heflemc 
beta! a reception at Canning 
House yesterday after their 
annual meeting to present the 
Romanian Literary Award. 
Earl JelHcoe was host and Sir 
Steven Runctman gave the 
award in the presence of the 
Greek Ambassador. 


Dun* (1965% The result of six 
years of esoteric immersion 


DR GEOFFREY HERKLOTS 


Dinner 


Bristol Charaher ef Commerce 
and fafair y 
Princess Anne was a guest 
speaker at die imnmi dmnw of 
the Bristol Chamber of Com- 
merce and Industry hdd at the 
Grand Hotel, Bristol, last nighL 
Mr HA. Russett, president, 
was in the chair and the Load 
of Bristol and Mr Tony 
also spoke. The Vice Lord 
Lieutenant of Avon and the 
High Sheriff of Avon were 
among others present. 


Birthdays today 

Professor Franz Bergd, 86; 
Lieutenant-General Sir 
Bower, 83; Ead Cadogan. 

Dr J.P. Clayton, 65; Miss MX. 
Collins, 59; Professor Dame 
Helen . Gardner, 78; Dr D.G. 
Hessayon, 58; Professor Sir 
Jade Lewis, 58; Lord Manners, 
63; Loid Peyton of Yeovfl, 67; 
Mr Rands Pym, MP, 64; Mr 
Oliver Reed, 48; M Georges 
Simenon, 83; Professor Loro 
Stamp, 79; Dr Donakl Sykes, 
56. 


fUniversily of Hong Kodg 
where ; he was Reader in 


Appointments 

Mr Kingman Btoew ste r, Master 
ate of University 


to be chainnan of 
international board of -United 
World Coflraes in success io n to 
Professor Thomas H h, Sy- 
mons. 


Latest wills 

Sr Jonathan Lionel Percy 
Deny, of Westminster, Lord 
Mayor of London, 1965-66, toft 
estate valued at £185,077 net. 
He died intestate. 
Vice-Admiral Sir Pfcveril Bar- 
ton Reiby Wallop Wathuu- 
POwiett, of Ottery St Mary, 
Devon, Governor of Soutiiem 
Rhodesia, 1954-59, left 
£110,677 neL 
'Mrs Violet Rubens, of West- 
minster. left £724,194 net 


Dutch visit 

Princess Margaret is to visit 
The Netherlands from May IS 
to 18 for the 400th anniversary 
of the Anglican Church in The 
Hague, Kensington Palace an- 
nounced yesterday. 


Court of Appeal 


Law Report February 13 1986 


Divisional Court 


Injunction not to leave the country 


Mayer AG ▼ Winter and 
Others 

Before Loud Justice Fox and 
Lord Justice Ralph Gibson 
[Judgment given December 20] 
To ensure a defendant's 
compliance with orders of the 
court, the Court of Appeal 
granted interlocutory injunc- 
tions restraining the defendant 
from leaving the country and 
requiring him to deliver up his 


Lordships, in a 
in camera, allowed an 


dant from leaving the co un try 
until a specified tune or further 
order, and (2) requiring him to 
deliver up his passports during 
that time. 

The case concerned the 
marketing of an insecti cide 
aerosol spray with a mark 
similar to the plaintiffs' prod- 
uct. 

The n u n w rial order which the 
judge made against the defen- 
dants was: first, *fo»* the 
defendants should disclose the 


ex 


whereabouts of all c o nespo u - 

by the plaintiffs, Mayer AG, denee, invoices, and other 
from the refusal of Mr Justice papers relating to trans ac ti ons 
Walton to grant the injunctions m which the counterfeit 
st the first defendant. Mr 
Winter, on the piafatHft* 
vie application. 

His Lordship granted injunc- 
tions in the Anton Filler and 
Mareva forms to allow search 
and seizure of specified articles 
and to prevent the defendant 
dissipating assets within die 
jurisdiction. 


uct had been supplied or 
offered; and. second, that the 
full value of their assets w ithin 
and without the jurisdiction 
should also be disclosed. 

It was contended by die 
plaintiffs tint without the 
protection of the further order 
sought they might be denied 
the information which foe 


Polio wing execution of the judge's order wa intended to 
court’s order, leave to publish secure to them. 


the judgment was grained by 
the court. 

Mr Peter Prescott for the 
plai ntiffs; the defendants did 
not appeear and woe not 


represented. 
LORD 


>RD JUSTICE POX said 
that the subject of the appeal 
was the judge’s refusal to 
raoude m his order mjuctions 


Mr Prescott accepted that foe 
present case was not one in 
whir* a writ ne exeat regno 
would be applicable. He was 
therefore compelled to 
interlocutory injunctions. 

The jurisdiction relied upon 
conferred by section 37(1) 
of. the Sememe Court Act 
1981: “The High Court may by 


/IN - ■ . — j wwraaa ----- «ant a m y VUUU UMZV UV 

ti) restrai ning the first defen- Older (whether interlocutory or 



final) gxant an injunction ... in 
all eases in which it appears to 
the court to be just and 
convenient so to da* 

It was dear fr o m the 
language of the section, from 
Smith v Peters ((1875) LR 20 
Eq 511. 512-513) and from 
Astro Exito SA r Southland 
Enterprise Co Ltd ([1982] QB 
1248), that the court had a 
discretion to do what appeared 
to be just and reasonable in the 
circumstances of the case. 

The court had to exercise 
that discretion according to 
established principles, and the 
present matter, namely injunc- 
tive restraint upon a person 
leaving the jnnsdictiozu was 
not one on winch there 
appeared to be previous 
authority. 

It was dear, however, that 
the tow in relation to the gam 
of injunctive relief for the 
protection of a litigant's rights 
pending the hearing of an 
action had been tra nsfor m e d 
over the past 10 years by the 
Anton Filler and Mareva relief 
which had greatly extended the 
taw on that topic as previously 
understood so as to meet the 
needs of justice. 

Bearing in mind their Lord- 
ships were exercising a jurisdic- 
tion which was Statutory, and 
which was expressed in terms 
of considerable width, it 
seemed to his Lordship that the 


court should. -sot shrink, if it 
was of opinion that an injunc- 
tion was necessary for the 
proper protection of a party to 
the action, from granting relief, 
notwithstanding it might, in its 
terms, be of a novd character. 

_ The court was faced with a 
situation in which then: was a 
risk to the plaintiffs that they 
might not obtain the informa- 
tion ordered to be disclosed, 
unless the order now sought 
was granted. 

At the same time, any risk of 
hardsh ip to the first defendant 
was dealt with by his ability to 
apply to a judge to vary or 
discharge the order. 

Lord Justice Ralph Gibson 
delivered a concurring judg- 
ment. 

Solicitors: Dunam Piesse, 


Police pictures 
are admissible 


Regina v Governor of 
Pentmrrifle Prison, Ex parte 
Voets 

Ph otographs from police files 
were admissible in evidence 
only if te nd ered for the purpose 
of identification in extradrtion 
proceedings. 

The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court (Lord Justice 
and Mr Justice Skinner) 

* on February fl, refusing 


The application was brought 
on the ground that the photo- 
graphs produced from police 
files were inadmissible- in 
evidence. Mr Voets had been 
ident ified by two. witnesses 
from photogr a p h s only. 

LORD JUSTICE LLOYD 
said that foe p ho to g r ap hs were 


Dr Gcfoffrey Herklots, 
CBE, who died mi January 14 
at the age of 83, was a man 
for all seasons: a biologist 
who was a botanist of 
■conaderable note; an orni- 
rthdogist who was a distm- 
Igmshed horticultnralist; an 
[ichthyologist who. had practi- 
cal expenerice of nutrition 
, ’deficiency. 

Herklots was a prolific 
jwriter whose publications 
(from Common Marine Food 
Fishes of Hong Kong (1936) 
jand Birds of Trinidad and 
•Tobago (1961) to Flowering 
Trpffical Climbers •<1976) iP 
■lustrate his; unusually broad 
interests. . 

In 1928 be joined the 
of- Hong j 
was 

iBiology. Under his editor- 
ship, the Hong Ktmg Natural- 
list and die Journal of Hong 
Kong Fisheries Research Sta- 
tion gai ned markedly . in 
prestige and popularity. 

His expertise - in flora, 
especially orchids, was also 
becoming established: an or- 
chid found in Hong Kong by 
J. L. Youngsaye in 1935 was 
given to Heridots for identifi- 
cation and in the Naturalist 
of May that year be noted 
certain differe nc es from the 
Eria Coromaria to which 
species it belonged. 

It was not until 1976 that 
Philip Cribb, orchidologist of 
Kew Gardens, agreed with 
Herklots that the 1935 “find" 
was indeed a diffluent variety 
and in the Orchid Renew of 
1976 Cribb named die flower 
Eria HerkiotsiL 
In the uneasy period before 
the Pacific War, his aid was 
enlisted, in the planning 
f-down of a food stock- 
But soon, along, with 
many other cndlians, Geof- 
frey Herklots was interned in 
Stanley Camp. His cheerful 
optimism was a source of 
strength to other inmates, -as 
indeed was his encyclopaedic 
knowledge of Hong Kong’s 
plants - particularly what was 
gobd to eat, and what was 
not • 

Very soon he became "the 
camp expert, and his advice 
■was sought on matters edible 
and culinary: for instance, he 
grew and supplied to the 
cooks. Alpind Speciosa (shell 
), the roots of which 
could be used to enhance the 
flavour of the drear ie s t ra- 
tions, ordinary gmyr hpfng 
unobtainable. 

Herklots found life in 
Stanley Camp a c hall enge 
and, strangely, an opportuni- 
ty: he continued his studies - 
of the flora, insects and birds . 


of Hong Kong, making his 
notes on tiny scraps of paper 
which taxer were transformed 
into The Birds of Hong Kang 
- Field Identification and 
Field Note Book. (1946) and 
into the 2nd edition (in 1947) 
of his Vegetable Cultivation 
in Hong Kong. 

He also tanghi himself to 
draw, and his postwar publi- 
cations are testimony to the 
expertise be gained in this 
field, for be illustrated his 
books with many fine 
1 drawings. ■ 

: He also looked ahead and 
‘•made plans for die -.Hong 
Kong ' of tin future: In 
particular, he was c on cerned 
that something should be 
dime to improve the lot of 
the fishermen and (aimers. 
■He. realised that if the 
Hong Kong primary producer 
was to become prosperous, 
improvement was needed , in 
the marketing of his produce. 
And so was born a concept 
that was to be transformed, 
immediately after the War, 
into the Fish and Vegetable 
Marketing Organisations - in 
which cooperative societies 
play important roles. 

In the postwar period, 
Herklots was Hong Kong’s 
Secretary for Development; 
later he was to become 
Secretary, for Agricultural Re- 
search in the Colonial Office, 
and then Principal - of the 
Imperial College of Tropical 
Agriculture, Trinidad. - 
He formafly reti red in 
1961, but his -‘Setiremenf" 
was full of activity and in this 
he was aided and abetted by 
his wife. Iris, who folly 
shared his enthusiasms. 

• Interests in Malayan and 
other orchids continued and 
expanded. On - Himalayan 
rhododendrons he was al- 
ready a recognised expert. 
The Botanical Gardens ■ in 
Nepal near Kathmandu 
winch he rfgagnwi anrf creat- 
ed m the early 1960s are 
flourishing and popular.' 

In 1972 the Royal Horti- 
cultural Society awarded him 
the Veatch Medal for his 
distinguished contribution to 
horticulture, and in 1980, in 
special recognition, the RHS 
awarded him ’the Victoria 
Medal of Honour. 

Nevertheless, in spite of his 
considerable achievements m 
the fields of botany, omhbol- 
ogy and horticulture, this 
piantsman extraor di nary re- 
garded as by tar his most 
si g nificant achievement the 
work be did in Hong Kong 
forthefishermcaandfermets 
iff that,- for -him, much 
beloved territory. 





by Herbert in sources ranging 
from the Lotus Sutras to 
Frazer's The Golden Bough, 
Dune was the first of a senes 
of novels set on a desert 
planet in a civilisation whose 
inhabitants have rejected 
technology in favour of the 
development of mental pow- 
ers. 

Described ss “science fic- 
tion for people who do not 
read science fiction" it ranged 
widely over biology, astrono- 
my, philosophy, politics, 
physiology, rdigtou, psychol- 
ogy and ecology, and was 
rated by devotees as one of 
science fiction's most' com- 
prehensively realized 
achievements. 

Sequels continued the 
Dune sexy through its explo- 
ration of the dangers of 

gftfartir; mwaymion 1 anH ft 

was made into a film in 1984, 
with a cast which included 
Max .von Sydow, Francesca 
Azmis, . San Philips and the 
rock singer; Sting. 

Herbert remained ; wryly 
amused about the reputation 
as a guru which Dune seemed 
to have conferred on him. 
One of his favourite asser- 
tions was“Fm from 
Missouri” which, while ft was 
quite untrue, was intended to 

wwiphaoaw hit mwifal and 

physical roots in down-to- 
earth, backwoods, common- 
sense. 





*Vjis 


DRULFI^tZKE 


sSfflSSF 8 

national, whose surrender was 
being sought by the French 


of 

a c riminal 


Government to face chazges of 
robbery and murder. 


A dog is a load 


Simpson v Vant 

A dog was a “load" within 
sub-paragraph (a) of column 4 
of Schedule 4 to the Road 
Traffic Act 1972. 

Accordingly, a defendant 
who dro\e a motor vehide 
with his sheepdog on his lap 
was guilty of an endorsabte 
offence under regulation 119 of 
the Motor Vehicle (Construc- 
tion and Use) Regulations 1978 
and section 40(5) of the Road 


Traffic .Act 1972 of driving a 
motor vehicle on a road in 
such a position that he could 
not have proper control of the 
vehicle. 

_The Queen's Bench . Di- 
visional Court (Lord Justice 
Watkins and Mr Justice Notan) 
so held on February 5 dismiss- 
ing the defendant's appeal by 
way of case stated against the 
dismissal by Plymouth Crown 
Court or his appeal against 
sentence. 


inadmissible. 

. Even if the stipendiary maw, 
tartrate could foresee ton the 
judge, in the exercise of his 
discretion, would exclude the 
Photographs altogether, be- 
cause of their prejudicial effort, 
it did not follow that the 
magistrate should exclude , them 
from his own consideration. 
His sole concern was whether 
there was sufficient evidence of 
gtult to justify committal, not 
what might happen at the t rial 
His Lordship arfrfed that he 
should be most reluctant to be 
party _to a decision that an 
identification parade was re- 
quired in extradition cases. The 

practice was to admit identi- 
ficanou photographs, and that 
tad the obvious advantage of 
convenience. 


Dr Ulf Lantzke, die first 
executive director of the 
International Energy Agency 
in Paris, died cm January 31. 
He was 58. 

Prominently involved in 
string up the agemy after the 
ofl shock of 1974, he was 
largely instrumental in creat- 
ing the IEA’s off-sharing 
mechanism, which ; is de- 
signed to .protect the 21 

member nations - most of the 


problems in foe European 
coal and steel commuuiiy- 
Under his jeaderchip^ tbe 
IEA became the energy fo- 
rum of member countnes/in 
which governments coordi- 
nated policies for meeting the 
energy requirements of their . 
economies and. improving .v> 
their ability ft) cope with 
supply emergencies. 

By thetime Lantzke fetired 
in 1984. off markets had 


-a sag*" 

of shortage to an abundance 
of supply. 

But he insisted -that such 
baric objectives . as energy 
conservation and reduction 
of dependence on oil or any 
other, single energy source 

also been head of the diviskm- remained as valid as when 
responsible for competition r , the agency was founded. 


worst effects of a supply 
disruption. 

Before joining tire DBA 
L an tzke had. saved in the 
West German economics 
ministry as head of the 
energy department,' and had 


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THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 198fi 


THE ARTS 


Television 

Eloquent 
witness 
of history 

“I am a history painter”, 
«®dared Jacques-Louis Da- 
vio explaining why he had no 
intention of exhibiting a mote 
ggS*;- Artists and Models 

(0BC2) demonstrated how 
intimately David’s painting 
relates to the history of the 
turbulent ages through which 
he lived. 

To much of that history 
David is the most eloquent 
witness — his pictures of the 
death of the Mann, the 
mysterious allure of Madame 
Recamier and the coronation 
of Napoleon remain vivid 
dramatizations of key figures 
in the history of France 
around the turn of the 19th 
century. In this programme 
David himself was chiefly 
portrayed through the eyes of 
one of his students who left 
posterity a diary. 

This was the first of _ 
three-part series directed ty 
Leslie Magahey who is often 
credited with doing for artists 
what the young Ken Russell 
did for composers. Magabcy’s 
approach, however, is more 
intellectual and didactic. 
Happily he can resist the 
cheap Freudian explanation 
of his subjects, and he left 
many intriguing facets of 
David’s character unexplored 
— such as his wavering 
integrity, his capacity for 
hero-worship and the pa 
for realism which led him to 
the streets to sketch the 
victims of revolutionary riots 
as they lay dying. 

This was not a convention- 
al BBC co-production with a 
cast of thousands and dia- 
logue in the “Hi Voltaire! Hi 
RobespierreT mode. The his- 
torical background to David's 
life was filled in with mono- 
chrome sequences like silent 
movies or old newsreels 
which refreshed eyes accus- 
tomed to the Hollywood 
dichfes of the Terror; but 
occasionally made fight of the 
events. 

Most fascinating, however, 
was the programme’s 
protrayal of the painter's 
involvement in this volcanic 
society. He not only painted 
glorious offical history for 
King, Revolution and Emper- 
or, but also influenced fash- 
ion. architecture, domestic 
design, and devised elaborate 
public festivals. In this egali- 
tarian era, high culture and 
street style were a continu- 
um. David was e ngaged in 


the manipulation of informa- 
tion as much as any. modern 
media czar, creating heroes, 
saints and martyrs to fill the 
vacuum created by the 
revolution’s iconodasm. The 
viewer was left to guess how 
consciousness of his power 
might have contributed to the 
authority of the artist’s work. 

Celia Brayfield 


Theatre 


Giving voice to outcasts 


Are You Sitting 
Comfortably? 
Palace, Watford 

Wilh all respect u> Adrian 
Mole, Sue Townsend was on 
to something better before he 
came into her life and when 
she was chronicling the death 
rattles of the welfare state in 
pieces like Bizaar and Rum- 
mage and H ’omberang. 

Are You Sitting Comfort- 
ably? belongs among these as 
anot her close-up of the social 
scrap-heap, written in a fine 
vein of comic indignation 
and giving a voice to people 
whose lives are mainly spent 
in queues and waiting rooms. 
It is only disappointing to 
find that this is not a new 
play but a revised version of 
Groping For Words which 
first appeared at the Croydon 
Warehouse in 1983. 

The most important 
change is the new title. The 
subject is adult illiteracy; and 
where originally you had the 
chance tO'-sit back and watch 
the amusing antics of an 
elegant GFs wife feeding 
Janet and John's adventures 
to a destitute old Northerner 
and a retarded nanny, now 
the play fastens on the 
audience as well. It is we who 
are sitting comfortably, not 
Joyce's little class. 

Set in a Victorian school, 
packed with rival classes in 
“Living with the Bomb" and 
“Creative wine drinking*', the 
play is a well-prepared trap 
for the unwary fun-lover. 
Beside the two regular pupils 
— both enrolling while stren- 
uously concealing the feci 
that they cannot read — there 
is Kevin, a Mohican-haired 
under-caretaker, clanking 
keys along with his bondage 
gear (played, needless to say, 
by Peter-Hugo Daly) who is 
having a bit of trouble with 
his paperwork. 


dorm Cooser 



Dorothy Turin and Paul Dane man as teacher and pupil 


Classes take place in a 
creche, giving the tantrum- 
prone Thelma (the nanny) a 
chance to sulk in the Wendy 
house. And it lakes no more 
than a home-made earring to 
set off a farcical trail culmi- 
nating in a mock-rape that 
brings the whole cast into a 
first act pile-up. 

As that suggests. Miss 
Townsend sometimes goes to 
unnecessary lengths to grab 
the attention: and, with the 
exception of one reading trip 
to night-time Soho, she has 


found no way of incorporat- 
ing the lessons in the action. 
However, having lured the 
spectator in for a bit of fijn. 
she stealthily wipes the grin 
off his face: showing a bond 
developing between teacher 
and pupils and enforcing 
your sympathy and respect 
for everyone on stage: not 
least poor exploited Thelma 
and the enraged Kevin, last 
seen signalling a plea for 
literacy with a lighted spar- 
kler. 

In Maria Aitken’s- heavily 


farcical production Paul 
Daneman overrides the com- 
ic competition as the gentle, 
long-suffering down and out 
from whom he never extracts 
a cheap laugh. From scene to 
scene Dorothy Turin comes 
on strong as dedicated teach- 
er. feminist, and disenchant- 
ed wife, but without finding a 
centre in the pan. Felicity 
Montagu wins support for the 
unspeakable Thelma by vio- 
lently rejecting rt 

Irving Wardle 


Students of bare modernism 


Romeo and Juliet 
YoungVIc . 


Anthony Dean’s minimal, 
economical set consists of a 
balcony naming the width of 
the bade wall, just high 
enoughfor Romeo to have to 
ten up to clasp his Juliet’s 
down-stretched hand, and 
supported fry slender uprights 
for the roving Veronese studs 
to scale ana swarm. . 

These impromptu ladders, 
like the plastic flooring that 
covers the apron, are that 
fighter shade of blue so 
beloved of post-modernist 
architects. 

The initial impression is 
one of optimism and contem- 
poraneity, the latter aspect 
enhanced by the costnmes 
which appear to be largely C —course, if her accent were 


& A with splashes of Reiss 
an d Cro lla. 

This is a young person’s 
play and the principals 
should be (as here) young 
actors playing even younger. 
They should also do their 
utmost to strive for convic- 
tion, separately and together, 
or they will find themselves 
overshadowed by their, re- 
spective confidants, Mercutio 
and the Nurse Suzan Sylves- 
ter, making her professional 
debut, has all the high spirits 
and winsomeness we look for 
in a Juliet; she has also, less 
winningiy, emerged from the 
Central School of Speech and 
Drama with the kind of 
“classless" south-eastern ac- 
cent that nndges “woe” closer 
to “wow". 

It would not matter, of 


Irish or Geordie or Bulgarian 
— just so long as we 
understand what she is say- 
ing. which is by no means 
always the .case. 

Vincenzo Ricotta’s Romeo 
(RADA) has a similar accent 
and is yet more unintelligible. 
I do not know when I have 
seen a professional stage 
littered with, so many mugged 
pentameters; although it is 
not the mangling of the metre 
that concerns so much as loss 
of the sense it is meant to 
convey. “O, she doth teach 
the torches to burn bright” 
(delivered here with Juliet 
isolated stage-centre) is an 
expression of entrancement, 
not of observation. We, 
watching, fee] nothing; does 
Mr Ricotta, playing, feel 
anything himself? His single 
right utterance, unfortunately 


enough, is “This is not 
Romeo". 

David Thacker’s produc- 
tion compensates for this 
textual G JJ JL with energetic 
ensemble playing (directed by 
Lesley Hutchinson) and with 
fine performances from Val 
McLane's Nurse and Rob 
Edwards’s Mercutio, an egre- 
gious disc-jockey brimming 
with “amusing" accents who 
boldly turns the Queen Mab 
speech into a comic routine, 
getting foil mileage from the 
smut and making vivid sense 
of the fantastical imagery. He 
will, however, have to learn 
to die better (in the modem, 
not the Elizabethan meaning 
of the word); the production 
itself mil have to learn to 
come alive. 

Martin Cropper 


Concert 


New London 
Chamber 
Choir/Wood 
St Johns 


Erik Bergman, 75 this year, 
has long been recognized as 
one of Finland's senior com- 
posers, and yet this concert 
by the New London Chamber 
Choir, conducted by James 
Wood, was the first in this 
country to substantially fea- 
ture his music. Nox (19 70) 
and Hathor (1971), each 
receiving their . British pre- 
miere, were preceded by the 
slightly less unfamiliar 
Faglama (The Birds) for 
baritone, male chorus and 
percussion, written in 1962. 

Faglama, a setting of a text 
by the composer’s wife, 
represents Bergman’s art at 
its most concise and penetrat- 
ing, beautifully charting the 
poem's journey from dark- 
ness to light in his growth 
from the sombre sonorities of 
its opening (deep gongs and 
bass drum) to the final 
distantly glimpsed shimmer 
of cellesta figurations. Nax 
for chorus and ensemble 
covers a wide range of moods 
and languages, culminating in 


a b rillian t setting of an 
extract from T. S. Biot’s East 
Coker. , with swirling flutes 
'and pounding drums evoking 
the ritual tfanring round the 
midsummer-night bonfire. 

The Hathor Suite is a more 
extensive work, scored for 
soprano, baritone, chorus and 
instruments and consisting of 
settings of Ancient Egyptian 
poems worshipping the god- 
dess of the same name. 
Bergman’s music here has a 
remarkable exotic potency 
conjuring a dark and mysteri- 
ous atmosphere in -the slow 
section and at other times 
b»iidmg to thrilling climaxes 


LENNON 

...and J - 
Sundays too We 
ASTORIATHEATRE 


of ritual incantations. 

As always, James Wood 
drew some vivid and strongly 
characterized singing from 
his choir, who seemed to 
cope wen with the Swedish 
■text oS Fqglarm. Penelope 
Wahnstey-Qatk and Stephen 
Varcoe contributed strongly, 
and the us-named cor angfias 
player produced some lovely 
sounds in the quieter mo- 
ments of Hathor, 

The first half consisted of 
the Mass Hercules Dux 

Ferrariae by. Josquin Des 
Pres, which transported us 
back some four and a half 
centuries to an age when 
choral music was a more 
austere and drcmnscribed 
ait. if no less inventive. 
Excellent singing here, as 
usual - briskly paced, cleanly 
phrased, and reminding ns 
that counterpoint is as much 
about rhythmic understand- 
ing as anything else, both in 
composition and in perfor- 
mance. 


Makom Hayes 


Dance 

Taking small steps forward 


Sosas 

ICA 


Dm Conway 


Anne Teresa de Keersmaeker 
gives the title Rosas to her 
dance group and also to the 
work they have brought to 
the ICA Theatre this week. 
Her achievement lies in 
finding a mm choreographic 
equivalent to minimalist mu- 
sic. Her solution, small, neat, 
controlled, owes little if 
anything to the more relaxed, 
swinging style of her only 
serious rival in this sphere, 
the American Lucinda 
Childs. 

Keersmaeker, a young Bel- 
gian dancer, caused a stir 
with an earlier work, Fase, at 
the 1982 Dance Umbrella. 
Rosas was made soon after- 
wards so it does not really tell 
us what has happened to her 
ideas and abilities since then. 
All the same it is welcome: a 
piece of avant-garde dance 
showing a concentration and 
ability that our own compa- 
nies generally lade. 

Before, she performed with 
of the 


one 


the dancers. 


ACADEMY 2 ****-**** 

A beautiful and intensely grippingfilm 
from one of Japan ’s greatest directors 

MASAKI KOBAYASHI’S 

THE EMPTYTABLE,. 

y^HfCTMC PICTURES RELEASE 

starring TATSUYA NAKADAI ^ 
“The only jewel at the Venice 


just 

Doubling the size of the cast 
to four allows more complex- 
ity in some respects, but this 
time she is operating with 
music by two composers, 
Thierry de Mey and Peter 
Vermeersch, which, except 
perhaps in the final section 
(who wrote which is not 
stated), seems only an imita- 
tion of the Steve Reich score 
she danced to before, and 
presumably therefore less 
'challenging, less inspiring. 

* Rosas is constructed with a 
careful development . from 
each of its five sections to the 
next. In the first, and I think 
longest, the dancers spend 
their time cm the floor, 
rolling from side to side, 
assuming a sphinx-like pose, 
resting their chin on one 
band. It is all deliberately, 
almost tirasomely simple, 
demanding attention to repe- 
tition and tiny variance of 
e, timing or placing 
ubsequeut sections find 
them sitting on chairs, mov- 
ing from those chairs to 
(explore the performing space 
{(often with one sitting out). 



John Warrack on sixty idiosyncratic years 
of the Oxford University Opera Club 

University challenges 


Outside the eccentricities de- 
vised by Coveni Garden for 
its Friends, it is difficult to 
imagine a production of Der 
Frctscfauz that included in its 
cast list Frederic Grisewood 
(Caspar) and Alvar Lidell 
(Ottokar). They are, though, 
for from being the only BBC 
luminaries to have graced the 
Oxford University Opera 
Club's productions during the 
last sixty years. A spectacle I 
recall vividly from the pio- 
neering 19S0 production of 
Trojans, which occupied 
most of the Town Hall, was a 
pretcmamrally tall staff-car- 
rier who had problems in 
uncoiling his seven feet frame 
from an inadequate doorway 
in the walls of Troy, this 
imposing figure, laser to 
achieve a different eminence 
as head of BBC music, was 
the undergraduate Robert 
Ponsonby. 

Thai was one of the club’s 
classic occasions, in every 
way. It introduced a neglect- 
ed masterpiece io England; it 
gave a leading role to the 
then barely known Arda 
Mandikian; it provided early 
experience to a physics stu- 
dent with vocal ambitions. 
Thomas Hemsley (who sang 
Hector’s Ghost). Presiding 
over these variegated forces, 
the University Orchestra and 
Morris Moiors Band, wiih 
his usual imperturbability, 
was the Heather Professor of 
Music. Jack Wesimp. 

Westrup was for half a 
century variously involved in 
the club’s fortunes, from its 
foundation in 1925 to his 
death in 1975. He was one of 
the four original undergradu- 
ate members, entrusted with 
making a new edition of 
Monteverdi's Orfeo when the 
original project a light opera 
by another undergraduate. 
Gervase Hughes, was thought 
unsuitable. Mozart's Seraglio 
was first put into rehearsal 
but found too difficult for the 
available singers; so with 
Orfeo the club began a policy 
that has been a common 
element, if not a hard rule, of 
seeking out neglected works 
for revival Dr W H Harris 
conducted, and the cast 
included Sumner Austin (of 
the Old Vic) and Marie 
Howes, sister of The Times's 
subsequent music critic 
Frank Howes. The Universi- 
ty Proctors, who had begun 
by, instinctively refusing per- 
mission, found that they had 
a success in their midst 
Not until after the war was 
Westrup. back in Oxford as 
Professor, to conduct the 
club's performances. He then 
led no fewer than seventeen 
productions, and for half a 
dozen he provided transla- 
tions that are in their way as 
sharp and idiosyncratic as 
those of E J Dent It was in 
Smetana’s The Secret (1956) 
that one sturdy Bohemian 
was heard to confide in his 
neighbour “She is quite the 
girl for me. she is just my cup 
of tea." The girl in question 
was Roza, sung by Janet 
Baker making her operatic 
debut Desmond Shawe-Tay- 
lor declared roundly in bis 
review that “so good a voice, 
together with such taste and 
feeling for the stage, should 
take her far". 

Shawe-Taylor himself had 
been in near the start of the 
dub's activities, acting as 
press officer for the 1929 
Bartered Bride. Joan Cross, 
not yet a Sadler's Wells 



TH£ CORONATION OF POPPAS A 

-O'U-O.rC- 

T^ece* 192 ) 


A programme from one of die club's first productions 


principal. sang Marenka in a 
production that made use of 
costumes brought over from 
Prague by the helpful Czech 
Legation: and so enchanted 
was Jan Masaryk with the 
result that he bad the costs 
covered by his Government 
Even this imaginative gesture 
did not prevent the first of 
the financial crises that are a 
regular feature of the club's 
life. 

However, the dub had now 
got the bit between its teeth, 
and a New College under- 
graduate,' J B Gordon, who 
had been studying production 
in Cologne, succeeded in 
bringing over his director. 
Hans Strohbach. Lortzing’s 
Zar und Zimmermann 
caused a few Oxford sniffs, 
but Strohbach was delighted 
and went on with a real 
rarity, Rimsky-Korsakov's 
May Night, then a modem 
dress version of Dvorak's 
The Devi l and Rate that 
included a few shies at 
Oxford itself. A figure billed 
as “The Devil’s Proctor” was 
instantly banned, though no 
objection was made to “The 
Devil's Chauffeur' 1 as Bee- 
cham. There was also a rugby 
match repladng the card 
game in Hell, played in 
cricket pads and with golf 
clubs. 

The performance seems to 
have been enjoyed by the few 
who went, a perennial Oxford 
default which led to a 
trumpeting denunciation by 
Nevfll CoghilL When there 
were poor houses for Gluck's 
Iphigenia in Auiis in 1933, he 
trounced Oxford for “a mud- 
minded apathy that stood 
between them and so much 
pleasure”. A somewhat wild 
period ensued in which there 
were negotiations for Bee- 
cham to take on a star- 
studded production (no 
business of a university opera 
club): there were a few near 
misses such as Delius's 
Koanga and Bernard van 
Dieren’s The Tailors, strongly 
advocated by William Wal- 
ton, but both composers 
refused permission. More 
sanely, there was a double 
bill of Holst's Savitri and 
Blow's I’enus and Adonis, 
with Coghil! producing, that 
achieved the remarkable feat 
for the day of being televised 
in 1937. 


War scattered the club's 
resources, and also its distin- 
guished succession of conduc- 
tors: they had included 
Reginald Jacques. Trevor 
Harvey. Robert Irving. Ber- 
nard Naylor and Sydney 
Watson. The post-war revival 
came with Jdomeneo. pro- 
duced by the young Anthony 
Besch in 1947. The premiere 
of Incognita in 1951 was an 
act of piety to the 
University's much-loved 
adopted son. Egon Wellesz; 
for a while after that the club 
reverted to revival work with 
La clemenza di Tito. Hans 
heiling and in 1954 a 
Macbeth that made us all sit 
up when it gave a debut to 
the unknown Heather 
Harper. The Fair Maid of 
Perth, the following year, 
included as a tenor David 
Lloyd-Jones. later to conduct 
a successful BBC version- 

This very proper policy of 
going for works on the fringes 
of the repertory, or of a 
composer's reputation, was to 
be copied with success by 
other university opera clubs. 
Oxford has bad its bad times, 
years when the talent was 
thin, the choice wrong, the 
playing lack-lustre. It has 
seldom provided occasions to 
be avoided; and' there have 
been lustrous moments such 
as Steuart Bedford conduct- 
ing Albert Herring in 1964. 
and in 1973 the rediscovery 
of Cavalli's Rosinda edited 
and conducted by a St 
Hugh's undergraduate. Jane 
Glover. 

Latterly, there has been a 
continuing interest in roman- 
tic opera, with Spohr's 
Jessonda and Rossini’s Pietra 
del paragone. though Ba- 
roque voices are far from 
silent (Monteverdi's Ulysses). 
This year the revival is again 
a British premiere. Schubert’s 
Fierrabras. the grandest op- 
era of a composer who has 
never found a place in that 
repertory. There are reasons: 
his greatness is very clear in 
the work, though his stage 
sense can falter. How such an 
opera can be done on the 
usual frayed shoestring re- 
mains a perennial problem; 
but the result, not least for 
the discovery of some vintage 
Schubert, should be well 
worth a visit 


Anne Teresa 


conquering that space in a 
combined foray, finally 
cowed and exhausted as a 
bleak, wide-spreading illumi- 
nation replaces the small 
defined areas of sharp fight 
amid shadow which provides 
an ambience for the main 
action. 

The movement is, for the 
most part, equally simple. 
Swinging arms, turning 
heads, stepping forward and 
back, even the exchange of 
nods or smiles oocupy much 
of the time. Timing, rhythm, 
become important; retention 
of phrase or a step within a 
phrase. Everyday gestures 
acquire sharp significance; 


fidgetting a sweater off and 
back on to a shoulder, the 
way bobbed hair swings as 
the head moves. And when 
trigger, older steps appear 
towards the end, they acquire 
an epic strength by contrast 
In spite of (even perhaps 
through) the economy of 
means, this piece — austerely 
made as it is, austerely 
dressed in layered everyday 
garments of black, white and 
grey, and austerely performed 
— build a strong mathemati- 
cal drama of its own that 
becomes, in its conclusion, 
strangely moving.' 

John Percival 



... and the co-operative habits 
of seaweed 


Certain algae can store gold and then 
release it when the water gets acidic enough. 

Another link you may have missed between 
the purely academic and the sternly economic. 

fi you haven't been reading New Scientist, you wont have 
made the connection. 

Who said purely academic? 

newscientist 


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IT WILL TAKE OUR COMBINED 

STRENGTH TO DEFEAT 

adversaries such as these 


The international drinks industry is the lair of 
titans. 

Anheuser Busch, Seagrams, Kirin, Suntory. 
These are the giants that will be fighting to dominate 
the drinks business in tomorrow’s world. 

And as each has its own thriving domestic 
brands, they won’t be wearing Scodand’s favours in 
batde. 

So, if Scotch Whisky is to continue to com- 
pete, it needs a strong champion of its own. 

It is for this reason, more than any other, that 
our offer for Distillers makes so much sense. 

Our joint enterprise will give Britain a repre- 
sentative amongst the top four of the international 
drinks business. 

It is also a rare dovetail of corporate talents. 


On the one hand, Distillers have an unrivalled 
range of world famous brands. 

On the other, we at Guinness have a manage- 
ment team with unrivalled experience in the 
international marketing of prestige drinks. 

By careful targetting we can position our 
household names to complement one another 
rather than compete. 

Britain’s recent industrial history is a catalogue 
of international opportunities missed. 

Help us redress the balance. Support the 
Guinness Distillers bid. 




Guinness and Distillers. A stroke of genius. 


cxmtaned in dus adymoemcntTb 
-C accept n^ponabiktyabDoidn^ 











M l * o* i 'xSjO f 



17 


STOCK MARKET 


FT30 Share 
1208.6 (+17.2) 

ft-se 100 

1470 (+16.1) 

USMi 

112.78 (+0.65) 

THE POUND 


US dollar 

$1.4115(u/c) 

W German mark 

Dm33449(-0.0061) 


Trade-weighted 

74 (-0 2) 


Opec deal 
rejected 


The Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer, Mr Ni^el Lawson, has 
rejected the idea of coopera- 
tion with the Oiptizatioa of 
Petroleum Exporting Coun- 
tries to achieve a “soft 
landing” for oil prices. 

In an exchange of letters 
with Dr Oonagh MacDonald 
MP, a member of Labour’s 
Treasury team, Mr Xawson 
said : “I am astonished at 
your proposal that we now 
seek to keep the ofl price 
ar tificiall y high by joining the 
Opec cartel along with other 
non-Opec producers.” 

“Even if such a policy were 
practicable it would, clearly be 
against this country’s inter- 
ests to adopt it.” 

Dr MacDonald had called 
on the Chancellor to show 
willingness to talk to Opec to 
achieve a controlled reduc- 
tion in oil prices and the 
value of sterling. 

Mr Lawson said Britain’s 
North Sea success had been 
achieved by giving the oil 
companies freedom to.dedde 
their own production levels. 


Reuters and 
SE in accord 


Reuters and die Stock Ex- 
change have reached an 
agreement on the distribution 
via Reuters screens of prices 
for international equities tak- 
en from the SEAQ system. 

Reuters lifted profits from 
£74.2 million to £93.6 mil- 
lion before tax in the year to 
31 December 1985. The 
dividend Is 3.25p , up from 
2.'5p. Tempos page 19 



Ex-oil chief to 
head Sigma 


Mr lan Clarke (above), 
who resigned as joint manag- 
ing director of Britml last 
aotmnn shortly after the 
Government privatized the 
company, has been appointed 
chairman of Sigma Re- 
sources, one of the country's 
small independent ofl explo- 
ration companies. 


Oil price cut 


Egypt has been forced into 
another oQ price cut in an 
effort to maintain sales. Its 
best quality Suez blend has 
been reduced by $3.50 band 
to $19. 


Site setback 

Mr Peter Palumbo's scheme, 
designed by Mr James Ster- 
ling. for redevelopment of a 
site as offices near the 
Mansion House, London, has 
suffered a setback, according 
to an article in The Architects 
Journal today. 


Fulcrum deal 

Fulcrum Investment Trust 
is buying private investment 
company Bea " 


through 

the (sue of 808.000 Fulcrum 
income shares and 4.04 
milli on capital shares. 


FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


Thorpac issue 


Thorpac is making a rights 
issue of 577,500 7.5 per cent 
convertible and redeemable 
pre fe rence shares on the basis 
of one share for four onh - 
nary. The issue will raise 
£528,000. 


MPs unhappy as Hanson 
gets all-clear on Imps bid 


By Alison Eadie 

Mr Paul Charm on, Scene- Hanson's bid. Imperial called 

the decision 


tary of State for Trade and 
Industry, yesterday cleared 
Hanson Trust’s £1.8 bOHou 
contested bid for Imperial 
Group, but referred 
Imperial's £1.4 billion agreed 


merger with United Biscuits 
to tne h 


Monopolies and Merg- 
ers Commission. 

Mr Channon accepted the 
recommendation of the Of- 
fice of Fair Trading, which 
followed strict competition 
grou nds. There were no 
competition reasons for refer- 
ring the Hanson bid, but a 
combined Imperial/UB 
would have about 45 per cent 
of the British marke t in 
snacks and crisps. 

The decision bronght 
strong protests from both 
Imperial and United Biscuits, 
as well as causing political 
unhappiness among the 42 
Members of Parliament who 
signed an early day motion 
expressing concern about 


one- 
sided and said it was 
“uBprecendented and grossly 
unfair to Imperial sharehold- 
ers and employees". 

Mr Simon Coombs, the 
Conservative MP for Swin- 
don, who led the early day 
motion, said he was pro- 
foundly disappointed by the 
derision. The MPs were 
uneasy about the implica- 
tions for employment in their 

constituenriesjie said, and 
added 'that he would be 


looking for employment as- 
Lord H 


surances from 
chairman of Hanson Thisl 
I mperial's merger with 
United Biscuits win now 
lapse and Imperial will con- 
centrate on fighting off the 
bid from Hanson. Today it 
will issue a dividend and 
profits forecast for 1986, 
which is expected to show 
pretax profits between £285 
million and £290 minion 



next 


increased before 
Thursday's deadline. 

The City has raised its 
opinion of what it thinks 
Hanson must pay to win the 


day to between 310p and 
320p per share. 


Lord Hansom asked 
for assurances 
profits of £235.7 
million in 1985. 

The stock market reacted 
to the news by pushing 
Imperial's share price I3p 
higher to 284p. Hanson's bid 
values Imperial shares at 
244p, but it b expected to be 


per share, valuing 
Imperial at up to £2.4 billion. 

Imperial Group's brewing 
and leisure, tobacco and 
foods empire includes such 
famous names as John Player 
and Embassy cigarettes. 
Golden Wonder crisps, HP 
sauce. Youngs Seafood, Cour- 
age best bitter, Hofinrister 
lager. John Smith's bitter and 
Happy Eater fast food restau- 
rants. 

United Biscuits' brands 
include McVitie biscuits, 
Terry’s chocolates. Wimpy 
fast food restaurants, 
Pizzaland, KP snacks and 
Keebter cookies. 

Hanson Trust is an indus- 
trial holding company which 
includes Ever Ready batter- 
ies, London Brick. Allders 
stores and duty free shops. 


BASE 

LENDING 

RATES 




Adas & Qaapany 

12 W 

iiif* 

* sjr 

Qtftaak Savingst — 

nHHilfirtttttri CMS ■■ 

OutoaiBl Titte -12*% 

CHouc A Co — 

I2te% 

Nat Wtttenaser — — 
Royad Bttk Scotland — 

I2V* 

_12H% 
|2tfb 

CfatankK* ■■ — ias * 


Saloi 

doi 


ion Brothers plans to 
inate City markets 


By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 


Salomon Brothers, the New 
York securities and invest- 
ment house, yesterday 
warned competitors in the 
City of its intention to 
dominate the new equity and 
markets in London 
deregulation in October. 


Mr Charles McVeigh, man- 
aging director of Salomon 
Brothers International, added 
that the firm was aiming to 
become the preeminent in- 
vestment banking house in- 
ternationally, with London as 


offices to a new headquarters 
in Victoria Plaza, above 
Victoria Station, where it has 
taken 158,000 sq ft space, 
including a 55,000 sq ft 
dealing room. He said that 
the company- had been un- 
able to find enough room in 
the City for a dealing room of 
that size. 


He added that he expected 
the number of Salomon 
employees in London, cur- 
rently around 300, to grow 
rapidly in the next year and 


its flagship operation outride certainly to double within 
the US. ‘ five years. To take advantage 

of the opportunities offered 
Mr McVeigh was announc- by deregulation the compan; 
mg the move by Phibro- would have to expand 
Salomon UK out of its City ly, be said. 


Salomon’s commitment to 
moving outside the Square 
-Mile seems less than total, 
however, because the lease 
agreement on the new offices 
includes a break dause which 
will allow the company to 
move out after five years if it 
chooses. 

The new dealing room will 
initially bold 224 dealing '{ 
positions with room to ex- 
pand to around 350, if 
necessary. The room will 
contain all the company's 
London dealing operations 
and Mr McVeigh said the 
new headquarters would be 
the proto-type of all success- 
ful City institutions operating 
in securities markets after the 
big bang. 


New hope 
of end to 
till crisis 


• By Michael Prest 
Financial Correspondent 


A solution to the interna- 
tional tin crisis, now in its 
fourth month, is possible this 
week* one of the leading 
ikeis enmeshed in the 
said .vesterday. 

Mr Ralph Kestenbamn, 
manag in g director of Gerald 
Metals and co-author of the 
Newco rescue plan, told the 
Commons Select Committee 
on Trade and Industry that 
Newco needed another £20 
million from the Internation- 
al Tin Council and £25 
million from foe British 
Government to clinch the 
l- 

He confirmed that three tin 
dealer s who were not mem- 
bers of the London Metal 
Exchange might put up £12 
million. One had already 


made a commitment and two 
others were being consulted. 

Yesterday’s meeting of the 
International . Tin Council 
mainly limited itself to dis- 
cussion of the details of 
Newco, the company which it 
is proposed will take over the 
“Cs obligation. 

But Mr Kestenbamn said 
that if agreement on the 
of Newco could be 
by the end of this 
week the company could be 
ting during the first half 


operating i 
of March. 

He forecast that tin prices 
could be £7,500 a tonne when 
tin tr ading on the London 
Metal Exchange resumed. 


Maxwell acquires 
11% Extel stake 


By Clare Dobie 


The chances of Mr Robert 
Maxwell launching a bid far 
Extel, the information ser- 
vices and publishing group, 
rose sharply yesterday after 
the announcement that his 
private, company, Pttgamon, 
had acquired a 11 per cent 
stake in Extel on Tuesday. 

It is believed that the 
shares came from the Egyp- 
tian financier. Dr Ashraf 
Marwan, who had built up a 
stake over several months 
and who said yesterday that 
he no longer owned any Extel 
shares. 

Asked about his intentions, 
Mr Maxwell at first declined 
to comment. He then said 
that he had not yet seen Mr 
Peter Earl, of Demerger 
Corporation, which has mack; 
an all-paper bid for ExleL 

Mr Maxwell said: "Mr Earl 
has asked to see me-. If I have 


time I will see him, but 
unless he has something 
startling to ray, it would not 
be my intention to accept the 
bid. 4 * 

Mr Earl said that he had 
not been in touch with Mr 
MaxwelL’T am surprised and 
disappointed that Dr Marwan 
sold his shares before our 
offer document came out. 
Our document was due at the 
hffflinnmfl of next week but 
we may reconsider the tun- 


shares opened at 
395p yesterday, rising to 
408p at lunchtime. But they 
feQ to 403p when there was 
no announcement of a rival 
offer. 

BPCC, a Pergamon subsid- 
iary. already owns 1.8 per 
cent of Extel and pension 
funds within the Pergamon 
Group own 0.7 per cent 


Japanese link opposed 


By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Behind foe near £1 billion 
bid, announced towards foe 
end of last year, are Trafalgar 
Holdings in the United 
States, and Glen Internation- 
al in London. 


Trafalgar-Glen, an Anglo- 
American joint company, is 
opposing the merger of two 
Japanese companies with a 
lawsuit in Japan. It is foe first 
time such a lawsuit has. been 
mounted in Japan by foreign 
interests. 


The move is foe latest in a 
hostile foreign takeover bid, 
also the first of its kind in Ja- 
pan, for Minebea, foe ball- 
bearing group. 


* Trafalgar-Glen has filed a 
suit in Japan against Minebea 
and Keiajsha. The aim is to 
block Minebea's own merger 
moves that would. Trafalgar- 
Glen claims, dilute its. 
Minebea shareholdings. 


Brewer 
accepts 
£38m offer 


Poole 


ByTt 

Davenports, foe Birming- 
ham brewer which has been 
fighting off a bid from 
Wolverhampton & Dudley 
Breweries, yesterday gave op 
its long struggle to remain 
independent and agreed to a 
takeover by Greenall Whit- 
ley, the Warrington brewer 
and hotelier. 

The offer values Daven- 
ports at £383 million, or 
472p a share, and has the 
backing of the trustees of 
Baron Davenport's Charity 
Trust, which bolds a 20 per 
cent stake. Irrevocable under- 
takings to accept the offer 
have Men given by directors 
and shareholders, including 
foe charity and Whitbread 
Investment Company, in re- 
spect of 45.4 per cent of the 
ordinary shares. After the 
annonneement Greenall 
Whitley went into die market 
and bought air initial undis- 
closed bolding in Davenports. 

W&DB’s £343 million of- 
fer lapsed last week -when the 
charity trustees were divided 
over accepting the bid. Under 
takeover rules W&DB would 
now be free to bid -again but 
said yesterday that a higher 
offer “could not be contem- 
plated without prejudicing the 
interests of its existing 
shareholders". It intends to 
accept the alternative 450p 
cash offer in respect of its 16 
per cent holding in Daven- 

S ts, and rtwif will net it 
75 million profit after 
expenses. 

Terms of the paper offer 
are nine Greenall Whitley 
convertible preference shares, 
which have an est im a te d 
value of 105p, for every two 
Davenports shares. 
Davenport’s shares Jumped 
80p to 455p on news of the 
bid. 

Mr Ned Dawnay of 
Lazants, advisers to the 
charity, said: "This is a very 
very fid! price indeed and can 
only vindicate the trustees’ 
tactics in considering bids". 

Davenports, with its 123 
managed and tenanted public 
houses in foe West Midlands, 
has been independent for 157 
years. Greenall Whitley’s 
1,545 tenanted and man a ge d 
public houses are principally 
in the North-west of England 
Wales, Shropshire, and the 
East Midlands, and there is 
little overlap with the Daven- 
ports sites. Greenall has 
given assurances that brewing 
operations at Davenports’ 
Bath Row brewery in Bir- 
mingham will continue. 


Oil price ‘rules out tax cuts’ 


Ofl prices at today’s levds 
erode all the the Chancellor 
scope for tax cuts in foe 
Budget, and he may have to 
put op taxes to keep within 
his borrowing Hmit^ accord- 
ing 10 the Institute for Fiscal 
Studies. 


than cut them by £3.5 billion 
as originally forecast. 


However, the Government 
may have as much as £4 
billion to distribute m the 
1987 Budget, the IFSargnes, 
even more, than the Chancel- 
lor had previously forecast 
The IFS, which produces 

the most highly-regarded pre- 

Budget calculations of the 
Chancellor’s revenues, esti- 
mates that at today's oil 
prices and exchange rates the 
Government would receive 
only about £73 billion m 
revenue from the North Sea 


Mr Nigd .Lawson 
admitted that his 
lax cuts has 
but the Treasury figures are 
probably m ore optimistic 
than foe EPS’s, which take no 
acr qiwi of the stimulus to the 
rest of the economy from the 
most recent fell in ofl prices. 

The IFS originally made its 
calculations based on an oil 
price of $2330 a barreL At an 
exchange rate for the pound 
of $1.40, the IFS reckoned 
that this would allow the 
Chancellor to distribute £1.7 
billion in tax cuts on Budget 
day. However, a fell in foe ofl 
price below $20 a barrel 
would, at foe same exci 
rale.' eliminate all scope fi 


By Sarah Hogg, Economics Editor 

decline in tax yields original- 
ly expected in 1987. 

The IFS does not think 
that lower oil prices will force 
much of a cut in North Sea 

fields can a>\wthar margin- 
al costs at even lower prices. 

The IPS argues that sub- 


this Budget discussed in the 
IFS briefing are: 

• Further changes in the 
structure of National Insur- 
ance, introducing a smoother 
graduation in contributions 
for foe lower-paid. The IFS 
points out that foe Chancel- 
lor could wipe our foe 


„5TSn nTLT£- distortions in foe system at 
sumo! a* cuts Win lave to ^ £200 


wait until next year. Howev- 
er, it points out that the 
Chancellor could raise as 
much as £1 billion from an 
increase in petrol tax. 


If this were used to cut 
income lax, the IFS argues, 
increases in personal allow- 
ances would be more 
sxve than cutting 
rate of income tax. But it 


points out that higher allow- 

revcuuc mum* - ---- J ances do not as is commonly 

during foe 1986-87 financial . tax cuts and indeed reqture supposed, help to eliminate 

la* increases. ilflieSS IDS ,i, a 

year. 


tax increases, unless 
„ Chancellor chose to increase 
• In order to keep t he pub°c borrowing. 

^ rb S r °£^ I bfi“^ But foe IFS figures suggest 

pSwed in his medimn4erm that foe “g 

firmndal Strategy, the IFS for tax cuts m .1987 has 

SwSSV**- zr$:ttX22£& 


foe “poverty trap”, and foe 
changes in social security 
proposed by Mr Norman 
Fowler, the Social Services 
Secretary, would in any case 
mean that those on state 
benefits would be largely 
unaffected by minor changes 


fo^t foe ■ which has foe effect of in income tax. 

SfoeJ ‘ King forward some of foe Among other options for 


million, by introducing a 
"withdrawable allowance" 
against National Insurance 
for employees. 

• Further incentives to 
savings, particularly those 
designed to encourage share 
investment, such as a devel- 
opment of the existing SAYE, 
share option scheme. 

• A further cut in stamp 
duty, as a prelude to deregu- 
lation in the City. 

• The “green paper" on 
income tax to be published at 
Budget time, preparing for 
t-hflrt gp* in the taxation of 
husbands and wives. The IFS 
criticizes the Chancellor’s 
proposals for personal allow- 
ances that can be transferred 
between spouses, arguing that 
it would create a disincentive 
to wives going out to work. 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 


Parting of the ways 
at Debenhams 




Are shareholders in Debenhams 
who accepted last year’s bitterly 
contested bid for Debenhams en- 
titled to feel aggrieved at the 
behaviour of Sir Terence Conran 
and his Habitat Mothercare com- 
pany? The tenor of the bid, and one 
of the prime reasons for its success, 
was that a revamped Debenhams 
would benefit not just from the 
undoubted retail abilities of the 
Burton Group chairman, Ralph 


Halpem. but also from the depart- 

>f Sir 


ment store and design skills of Sir 
Terence Conran and Habitat- A 
galleria of talents designed to dazzle. 

At the time the deal between the 
two was that Habitat had a legal op- 
tion over 20 per cent of the shares 
in Debenhams and an understand- 
ing that it could have up to 20 per 
cent of the floorspace in 
Debenhams's stores and provide 
design services. 

The share option made it clear 
that if control of Habitat changed in 
such a way that it no longer had for- 
mal legal control over its affairs. 
Burton would have the right to 
block the option. In fact the 
floorspace and design side, neither 
of which was legally binding, were 
underpinned by this assumption. 
Ralph Hal pern is saying that the 
whole structure of the package was 
designed in the way it was because 
he knew that Habitat was looking to 
expand. He knew that Sir Terence 
had in the past talked to Robert 
Thornton, erstwhile chairman of 
Debenhams^bout a possible link 
up. 

What he did not know, he says, is 
that Habitat had been talking 
mergers with British Home Stores, 
before the Burton bid was launched. 
In April last year, according to those 
close to Habitat, there dearly was an 
attempt to. put Habitat and BHS 
together.lt was contemplated seri- 
ously. 

The point is that, because of the 
way the Habitat options over 
Debenhams were framed. Sir Ter- 


ence must have known that his 
much vaunted involvement in 
Debenhams would be jeopardized 
by a tie with BHS. He considered a 
merger before the bid, and indeed 
subsequently proceeded to bring a 
merger aboutSo the question has to 
be asked: was the foundation of the 
bid for Debenhams — symbolised by 
Sir Terence and Mr Halpem 
appearing at press conferences arm 
in arm, sitting on film directors’ 
chairs together and generally exud- 
ing unity — built on rapidly shifting 
sands?. 

Habitat sources firmly reject such 
a suggestion.They say that at the 
time of the bid there was no 
agreement to merge with BHS. It 
did not even cross Habitat minds at 
that stage. 

Investors are entitled to draw 
their own conclusions. As soon as 
Mr Halpern learned of the BHS and 
Habitat merger he put an immediate 
stop to all design work Habitat was 
doing on Debenhams stores, for 
which he had already made substan- 
tial payments. The fact that this 
work was going on and payments 
made is an indication that he was 
serious about Habitat's role. Habitat 
and Sir Terence will not be the force 
in Debenhams that everyone ex- 
pected. All Mr Halpem is apparently 
prepared to allow them is token 
floorspace and token design work. 
The shares are another matter; 
probably Sir Terence did not want 
them anyway. 

Is Mr Halpem being unreason- 
able? The business realities of 
allowing Sir Terence access to 
commercially sensitive information, 
a concomitant of any substantial 
floorspace or design arrangement, 
suggest that he is not. He owes 
duties to his shareholders, and while 
an understanding with the many 
faceted Habitat wizard before the 
BHS deal would have been of 
undoubted benefit, the picture has 
altered radically. 

What price galleria now? 


The GB misses a double 


Gose but no cigar was the snap re- 
sponse over the tap. Treasury 10 per 
cent 1993, as the news came out — 
allotted in full at £94% per cent, but 
with enough stock left to operate as 
a driblet 

Initially, the gilt market was 
marked down on the news in mild 
disappointment that the Govern- 
ment Broker was unable to celebrate 
a second triumph, but then prices 
recovered on sager consideration of 
details of the stock subscription. 

Convinced that somewhere be- 
tween Vt and % point over £94 per 
cent was the appropriate tendering 
price, the Government Broker 
received nearly enough cash at the 
higher price to take the new issue 
out in full, but far too much to war- 
rant scaling the bids down and 
allocating stock at a % point 
premium. In the event, the authori- 
ties opted for a sensible com- 
promise, secure in the knowledge 
that only about £75 million (the 
market’s guess) of the new medium 
gilt remains on the books. One good 

buying order, and the entire stock 
will have been sold. 


And so, on with the motley! 
Where will the Government Broker 
strike next? Until yesterday, the 
market consensus inclined towards 
the view that the index-linked sector 
would find itself next in the funding 
firing line, on the grounds that 
demand for such stocks un- 
doubtedly exists at current real yield 
levels. But a feature of yesterday’s 
trading was the firm showing of the 
low coupon conventionals, which 
put on about % point in reasonably 
frenzied trading. Huge chunks of 
cash, reportedly, are waiting to go 
into this sector, with the discount 
houses sniffing around too. Jobbers, 
apparently, have been unable to 
deliver stock for about a week. 

The Government Broker, it is 
true, does have some of this 
category of stock available, since the 
market had not, until yesterday, bid 
him for his holding of Exchequer 2% 
per cent 1990. £400 million of which 
was issued on January 22. If the 
bids come in today at a tradable 
level, then this Friday could see 
some nervous movements in both 
the low coupon and the index-linked 
areas of the gilts market. 


Property firm heading for market 


By Judith Huntley, Commercial Property Correspondent 


London and Metropolitan 
Estates, the joint venture 
company between Balfour 
Beatty, foe building con trac- 
tor, and London & Edin- 
burgh Trust, the thrusting 
young property company, 
appears to be on its way to 
foe market. 

The appointment of Mr 
John Theosophilis as finance 
director could indicate an 
early flotation of foe compa- 
ny, which has a £400 milliion 
development programme. 


Mr Theosophilis is leaving 


Rush & Tompkins, the bi 
ing and property group, 
where he is being replaced by 
Mr Nigel Dun nett, who 
comes from outside foe 
property world. It would 
seem no little coincidence 


that Mr Theosophilis was 
once part of KJeinwort 
Benson’s corporate finance 
department He is well re-, 
garded in foe property indus- 
try and is filling a post which 
LME has been keen to see 
occupied for some time. He 
will take up his new job next 
month. 

If LME does come to the 
market it will present a 
problem for those trying to 
value it. It is a successful 
trading company, with Bal- 
four Beatty undertaking con- 
struction and its partner 
taking project management 
fees, it has a high exposure to 
some of foe most active areas 
* of foe property market 

One of its most notable 
developments was the 


Rope maker Street scheme in 
the City, which was sold to 
Norwich Union for £75 
million last year. LME is 
anxious to replace 
Ropemaker Street, and is 
looking around foe Square 
Mile for another venture. It 
is one of six runners for the 
redevelopment of Cannon 
Street station with British 
Rail. 


In west London, however, 
LME has Just bought from 
Hanson Trust the former 
Whiieley's department store 
with Arlington Securities and 
a Malaysian developer. 


They plan 
250,000 sq " 


to develop 
ft of retailing on 
three levels in foe partly 
listed building. 


Mexico calls 
debts talks 


r Richards Butler 


Latin American nations 
have scheduled an emergency 
meeting later this month to 
develop a common strategy 
on foe region's mounting 
debts and the special prob- 
lems of Mexico, which has 
suffered most from the col- 
lapse in oil prices. 

Foreign ministers of eight 
nations, after meeting Mr 
George Schultz, -foe US 
Secretary of State, said yester- 
day that they would convene 
a special session of foe 11- 
nation "Cartagena Group 1 * in 
Uruguay. 


Officials confirmed that foe 
meeting has been called at 
foe special request of Mexico, 
which reportedly plans to 
propose a specific pro- 
gramme for itself - 


HONG KONG 

With effect from 
Wednesday, 12th February, 1986 
the Hong Kong office of 
Richards Butler will be at: 
19th Floor, Alexandra House, 
Chater Road, Hong Kong 
Telephone: 5-227091 
Telex: 62554 RBLAW HX 
Fax; 5-8100664 


RICHARDS BUTLER 


5 Clifton Street, London EC2A 4DQ 
and at 

61 St. Mary Axe, London EC3A 8AA 
and at 

PO Box 6904 Saif Bin Ghobash Building 
Zayed the Second Street Abu Dhabi 


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ij W-Vf* 


WALL STREET 


FOREIGN EXCHANGES 


The' New York Stock 
Exchange nag little 
io active early trading yester- 
day. 

At 11am the Dow Jones 
industrial average, was down 
035 to 1625.Q3.The New 
York Stock Exchange index 
was up 0.01 to 12459, and 
the price of an average share 
was unchanged. 

Declines edged advances 


639-637 among Urn 1,775 

issues crossing the tape. 

Big Board volume amount- 
ed to about 41320,000 shares 
as against 39, 740,000 at the 
same rime on Monday. 

Johnson and Johnson was 
the most active issue, down 2 
1-8 to 49-General Motors 
followed, op 1 1-8 to 77 7-8. 

Prices were srightly lower 
in active trading on die 
American Stock Exchange. 


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COMMODITIES 


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MONEY MARKETS AND GOLD 


Bm Wn» 

Cbartng Banks 12* 

France Hous# 12 

tXemtaht Htafc 12* Low 12 
Week fiat 12% 

TjeartunrSahi (Discount %) 

ImrS 12 *» fnmS T 2 K 

3mnfli 12 'jb 3mnth 11 "a 

Prime Bob* BO* (Discount %) 

1 rantfi 12 , *s- 12 >u 2 mnth l2*=-i2x 
Smith 12 'm- 12 >,a 6 mnth I 1 ai »- 11 » M 

TnMle«*nxecaun*) 

1 nrthJ 2 *%? 2 imtfi i 2 »» 

3mmn 12”» 6imth i2 Tt » 


EURO MONEY DEPOSITS % 


7 bays T'w-T 7 ! 
SmomhsB’ts 


7 days 

3mortt»4*i»<»n 
Franc* Franc 
7 days 10-9% 

3 months 12X-14 1 * 
Swiss Ranc 
7 days I'a-l* 

7days 6V6 
3rndntbaS J i*-0 1 n 


cal 8V7H 

1 monffi 8 
6 months 8K 
cal S4 

1 month 4 »i«-4’i# 
6montht«»w4 , M 
cal 10-9 

1 month 12-11% 
6montha13%-13K 
Ml 2 %- 1 % 

1 month 3V3* 

6 months* V-» 
cal M 

1 month FurS’u 
B moths 6% 


maim 


DOLLAR SPOT RATES 


Overnight: open iSPt dose 30 

Iwefat 12 ”»- . 

I2*u 6 moth 


1 mnth .12*i* 3 ninth 

Bmntft 12*™ 12nwh 

Local Authority Benda nu 

1 mnth 13V-13 2 mn&i 

3 mnth 13*- 

12”* Omntti 


May 

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£ 

Nbv r 

n» 

as 

•far 

VHI- - 

— ss, 

SOYABEAN. 


Fob 

— s& 


2 sasfr 2 saoo 


Him Months . 2640038850 


£0-5835) 


Fixed Rats Staffing Export Finance 
Schama IV Average i pfaran ce raw far 
Wwbs period January a. 1986 fa 
February 4. 1988 tadumva: 11077 par 
cent 



GBiC »afa .9eJ2pp<rltphr ; 
Se^gqi nSBOpparkg eat 

G*ithB374.7to par to hr 


fczrravgE 




INVESTMENT TRUSTS 


Rata# sappNad by Barclay* 
Bank HOFEX and Extai. • 


[ LONDON FINANCIAL FUTURES 


T&T r T r rsr rrrrrr 

' “ T-' 1 '■ •' 


91J97 
9156 
9150 9155 

91-96 91.65 



iOh 14 918 
2.7 15 9*5 
Mill 9.1 293 
23* 24 515 


FINANCIAL TRUSTS 


585 -5 

ro «-<■ 
as 
as 

139 *4 

E 1 T, mv, 
Pft 9*5 
1» • .. 
n • ... 

20S 

an . :: 

% :? 
\r 

% • :: 
2 T» • 

95 -1 

W. • .. 


250 4*m: 

i ’« ibiM 1 
a .. at* 
Bfl 42157- 
OS* *0 121- 
HL3 4.1 lij 
S* *J0 3*4 
*B *J0 .. 
4fi 12187 
ID *9124 
7A 1*17* 
87 *2 127 
23 2*2*7 
fi7b 2514*' 

S b 7 JO ** 

. 2J33J. 
na u 75 ' 
05 0*71*. 

12 S>»1‘ 

te are 


THE TIMES UNIT TRUST INFORMATION SERVICE 


ABBEY IJM7 TRUST MANAGERS 
90 Houenmra Rd. Bounumoutn i 
0345 717373 [LXlUnal 


H»jjh toe Equty _ __ 

WvUMMBond 1702 182.4 

American Growtn 1473 >56.7 

Asian P»c*c 43 1 493 

***** 8 Gama 873 932 

Capra naaena a* Ei2 

OWN* * Energy faJO 7« 

EonmwnC«pM 74.7 79.4 

General 1226 131.1' 

JBpm 59 7 808 

L1K Growth Inc ST* 070 

Do Acorn 115* 124 9 

US Emaramg COS 506 62* 

Cqans Program 17*1 If® 6 

MKtWWAce 543 57* 


1090 1153 
813 814 
1702 1B2.4 
1473 156.7 
43 1 493 
873 933 
608 612 
800 727 
74.7 79.4 
122* 131.1# 
59 7 908 
BT* 070 
115* 124 8 


402(040 
&73 
+10 532 
+ 1 * 188 
.. 2.70 
-03 1.77 
+02 

-03 l.l* . 
+08 1*9 
■KM 334 
+ 0.1 

+04 1.77 
+06 .. 
-0.1 041 
+02 4 02 
+02 1.7« 


ALLIED DISBAR UNtmUtlS 
ASM Ountnr CoMnj Sww Mon 911 1EL 
0793 610386 9 0793 28291 

TruM 1981 211.0c +0 


Grow*! 8 hewn* 119.1 1288 -02 302 

CwMITnai 2086 2222 +05 286 

WSWM 3180 3387 +02 355 

Acam Tnm 487 0 5i86 +0* 114 

Amaneu, tncomt 293 312* +02 4.17 

Hgn income T« 2187 2308 -04 5th 

Eortf Fncam* 1,84 1240 . . 5*4 

Hflfl VHM 1«* 132* -05 024 

Go+I 3«a T TWH 290 232 *0.1 9*6 

Inwnmwal 688 733a +02 136 

*KXU1 Find 72.7 77 4# +0.1 001 

Rew Thai iz 87 1371# +ai 131 

AlWSfClSl* 825 688 .121 

Sh 3 . Of AfflW Ts 1935 2081 +15 067 

AW VAkW 1954 208.1 +05 374 

OS Growth 334 34* +01 325 

SnufcrCoi 1042 1110a +03 177 

2nd area* Co'S 1386 1478 +0.7 272 

Fhwwm TruM 89 1 73* +05 254 

M«1 Mb it Cncty 82.6 880 +02 225 

Omos Esmngs 1664 1772 +02 335 

Tawnwopr m Ml 938 +07 123 

hcow&nw 1075 114 0 -0 4 623 
E*aran5'TO«er Cos 1984 2092 +1.4 IQ, 

USA Eunpi Tins, 3159 334 9 +2* 1*9 

AsmiTOMOT BEcunmes 

I 3, i-?55£T PawwwnL London ECZA iay 
01-629 9976 01-280 8540/ 1/2/3 
Canal orawth he 50* 54 3 . . 1.S4 

OP Accum 58 8 607 1 94 

Eassamainp 1027109* 1 82 

ttoffhWhMwa 568 605 ID 

ftwiea I Prixany 55 3 573 • 1.1 253 

On 8 Fuad mcona 432 4C*a -02 8*7 

Do 4onm 723 76 ia +01947 

HWt Incan* Income 611 674a -03 806 

Do Acoai 1463 1584a -07 6*6 

HM> Y«W incoma 64 1 685 -01 866 

Do taun 


Do taun 1636 174* 

ail me 65 1 696 ■ 

Do ACC 06.4 71 0 

Do 5*» WUbdreH 63 1 674 

MaOBM Fund 55 1 561 
Pnrt*fl9na> (nooma 282 28.0 

Da Acorn 817 873 

SmaMr Co s hem 1117 1205 
Do Acam 121 5 129* 

Word Pwwy Share 8* 95 

PortfOto Ts UK 670 @4 
P0rr«M> Tn Juan 875 8919 
Pataoto Ta us 723 74* 
Port**) TS Ewooa 890 922 
Portto+O Ts W 412 43 7 

.WUEOFRIRD 
3. GwnMas » Ednourah EN3 6W 
031-225 2581 (DeoMreOfl-126 80681 
W Ex <22} 379 4 395* 


-03 168 
■ +0 7 282 
+07 282 
+08 282 
+03 .. 
+011I54 
+011154 
+05 174 
+08 174 
143 
+01 T 83 
+01 0.10 
+05 107 
+10 010 
. 010 


■MC&n £>143* 

UK EX HI) 

PM tort! M 
FM PSS UK 
BG Amsnca 

BG Eiwgy 

BG Mona Gnsn 
SG JSSH 
BG TKfnolagy 


246 1 25608 
1772 1885 
3698 3882 
1471 154 9 
1520 161 B 
107.9 114* 
1617 1731 
1231 1310 
1610 1714 


BALTIC TRUST MANAGERS 

25/2B Ajbwmarte MM. London WI1X 4AD 

01-491 0296 

•MM" 473 508* +03 0*6 

Austrian 166 19* -01 2*1 

Japan A General 7,* 76* +02 022 

Wqn Incwne 41 8 44 7 -03 8.03 

Intanatmol Tius 682 73* +03 1 19 

Mcorna Gn Ts 422 «J« +0 , 4*< 

on 8 Fuaa an 852 898 +03 804 

GAOS MartuHS 324 34 7 . 215 

Speed Sajaoona 397 425 . 158 

BARCLAYS UMCOHN 

UmcWT, House. 261 FtaHcnJ Rd £7 

□1-534 5544 


Ami Accum 
Do Income 
Copal 
Ewjmca This 
E m Incama 
FHunanl 
500 

Gao** 

□a 8 Fuad me 
Japan 0 Gen Inc 
Do A<r 

Grown Accum 
moo re d Trun 

Loan Tmt 
Speoal Sanoom 
Becwrery 

Trustee Had 


83* 985 *0 7 237 

1345 1430 -12 173 

981 KBZ -1* I 73 

813 E&2S +0 1 335 
3719 3987 +09 424 

83 3 67 J -02 801 

2044 2174 +07 354 

227.5 242 lc +07 3*7 
1232 131.0 +05 141 

508 519c .. 1030 

1118 1774 +02 084 

1209 1286 +01 084 

1362 1894 +03 174 

287 4 305.7m +0* 4*0 
3-1 788# +0.1 178 
1227 1305 +01 ITS 

104.1 1745 +04 133 

94 7 1007# +02 33? 
48 7 51 B +03 060 

484 514 +02 050 

134* 1435# +07 117 
2J7 I 294 7 — 0 1 3 70 


BM onar Cmg YW 


BHTAIMA UNIT TRUST 

74-78 FmMuy P memae London EC2A 1JD 

01 588 2777 O tM mg* 1-838 0478/9 MonoyOddO 

0800010833 


M 1961 211.0c +05 183 

& hewna 119.1 1288 -02 362 

rruw 208 8 2212 +8* 296 

! 3180 3387 +02 355 

n* 487fl 5186 +09 3.14 

1 mewne 293 31 2# +02 4.17 
omaT« 2187 2308 -0A 501 

coma 1,84 1240 .. 5*4 

w 124* 132* -05 824 

a Thu 280 232 +0.1 9*6 

nw 88 8 733# +02 138 

md 717 77 4# +0.1 001 

ru« 1282 1371# +ttl 131 

USX 815 886 ill 

AnwrTtt 1935 SMI +16 067 

1 Value 195 4 200.1 +05 374 

Jh 334 34* +01 325 

43 S 1042 1110# +03 177 

larCd'a <386 1476 +0.7 272 

/rest 88 1 73* +05 254 

8 Crecty 826 880 +02 225 

anongs 1664 1772 +02 335 

pT TS1 Ml 939 +Q7 133 

uamp, 1075 1140 -0 4 823 


(Jim Ted, Accum 487 si B 

OO Income 484 51 4 

WorttM ae mat i34* 1435# 

BTam. Fuaa 4cc £77 1 294 7 

Oo me 1817 1932 

9UU0NGFUND IUKAOGRS 

TO Bm 156 BKMsun, Kent bu ■ 

01868 9002 


Aiara# 

Eaaem 
Etoqx 
GrOxlh 8 tnc 
Do Aceun 
FJrw Jh#i 

Japan specui 

Japan sauna 
F»a EmWer Cos 
firet Europe 
Fm n Amor 


507 542 
44.7 478 
907 970a 
558 600a 
83* 9pl, 
988 62* 
7U 783# 
7*5 79.7 
5T5 61 SB 
818 969 
481 814 


-04 080 
-01 080 
+07 MO 
. . 230 
♦Ol 130 
+05 030 
+09 Q 30 

+m tua 

-01 170 
+00 080 
+03 3 fa 


BAWUNGTDN MANAG0ENT 
59 amn Sl Lcnaon EC2P jus 
01-808 4433 


Planned w* 
Eutmaai me 
Do Accum 
Genera me 
Do Aceun 
G4» v«d He 
DO Action 
M«i **a Inc 
Do Action 
Jap»n mewne 


1049 111 7 
751 790, 
910 968a 
13<.i 1416 m 
1810 1931# 
107+ 1108 
19*9 17D1 
72* 776 
1422 ,513 
1710 181* 


Grown Gn 
m ne comiy 
5n#Aar Co's 
UK Qrnwtl, 
emu me 

OR 

keiDwh 

Mr Mirti me 

P-m imares 

Cte +141, 

Fm^'oai Seea 
Gold 0 Gen 
Wi Lewura 
Prop Snares 

wood Teen 

Arner Qrowpi 

Arner mewne 
Amer Srofaor Co's 
Aid CrtWrth 
Euro SnuBer 
FarEoAl 

hS°a,SS Prt 

md urowwi 


538 586 +02 1 11 

93 4 908 +1 I 125 

121* 13220 +18 1*9 

344 387 +0* 115 

53 8 574# +09 7*2 
24 7 280# +02 803 
1794 1903 +1* 4*1 

1751 1888 +15 SOS 

184 19*C . 1004 

1308 1393 +08 278 

401 428 +ai 141 
195 21.0 +04 188 

151 181 +01 1.13 

51.8 55 2 +04 1*5 

41.7 445# +0.1 0*8 
43.0 459 +0 6 066 

956 1010 +11 3.14 

572 61.0 +03 58B 

340 25* +04 188 

88* 70* -I* 050 

12* 136 +01 043 

364 38* +0.1 121 

22 9 255# -01 16b 

31 7 33B +03 208 

42* 45 BM +08 .. 
124 132 +02 .. 

09* 711 +04 5*7 ; 

642 87 7 ..AM 


9-17. Parrymaunl 
0444 458144 
BB Fimd Ircotna 
Oo Accun 
FkiercM 
Growth Aceun 
Do Income 
High meow 
mewne 

Mwm Ainen c a i 

Onere 

fioco+my 

Teehnotofly 

German 


Rd. Haywwds Heath 


525 56 1# 
aao 84.1 m 
107.7 I15*c 
1650 T7B4 
107* 113* 
56 4 00.7 
65 4 703 
505 607 
508 609 
906 320 
1353 M55 
31* 330 


BUCKMASTEH HANAfiaaCr 

The stock Exchange London EC2P ZJT 

01-588 2888 


General me <41 
Do Aceun (4| 
Income Fowl (3) 

Do Aceun 13) 
ma inc <21 
Do Accum B) 
SmeOer Me (5) ( 

Oo Aceun (51 ! 

CSFUMD MANAGERS 


125. High Hofeorn. Londwi WC1V SPY 
01-242 1 MB 


01-245 1MB 

CS JepMi Fund 


54* 584# +02 037 


CAIWON FUND MANAOetS 

’•OJgwWSV. wenwey. HA* M 

Growth 847* 5887 +21 354 

income 2827 3007 +17 5*0 

Fat Earn 1375 1457 +1 0 071 

NonriAmencsn 1347 1433 .. 122 

CAPEL (JAMES) MANAGEMENT 
100. OU Broad St Lwxlon BC2N 1B0 
01-021 001 f 

cram ta 309.6 azs* .. isa 

Income CT 23 72 2+87 .. 633 

Norm Ameneen 13) 2502 2897 . 1X7 

CHARmES OFFIOAL INVESTMENT FUND 
Umdon EGW iob 

u‘-a08 IBIS 


Narro w pyri. anna BS2 OJH 
0272 277719 

CMieral Ellunr 31* 34* 

Emu* Hqn Income 352 375 -01 

P* * firea Vn Gm 282 279 +ci 

mow SeeuCMs 222 2*2 +02 

OWNTT IMWT TRUSTS 

01 - ^ ^ «U 

Capita Accum 248( 2839 +03 

gyO T Tr °” 42*M -03 

Ear, mewne MJJ- 1503 +02 , 


Cfart# Aceun 248 1 2839 

gyO T Tr °“ «03 425M 

Ear, mewne ,*13- 1503 

s?? 38 ' 139 138 1# 

GotScreugy 544 56 0 

Grown, tn reep nwu 246* 2625 m 
mcoma 8 O gwm 35* 391# 
fhcfc 99* 106* 
"m Am*- Grown 94* >005 
urn Fearer 99* 108.1# 

— - 1795 1 90 Sc 

SI* 542 


+03 1*9 
-03 558 
+02 5*1 
+07 2J6I1 

+01 501 
+05 001 
*02 135 
+04 3*4 
+02 1*7 
.. 053 


Smuar CQ> 1795 1909c +02 1*7 

GkJbal Inc Te» SI* 542 . . 65S 

CATER ALUM 

oiS»5?r si6c «. 7Au 

®Tro* 94 0 10O*« +0.1 120* 

SSSfci SSR 0 " 9 ™*'* 

Jar FUM 3GB 05 +B4 

'32*5 11X79 

owo * .. 1170 

CROWN l*BT TRUST SERVICES 
Crown House wcwxn Qu2l ixw 
04882 5033 

Hign inc o me Trua 2003 214 2 -03 596 
Growth Troa 1910 2Q54M -03 351 

Arancmi Tn* 1210 12S.4# +07 077 

EH* UWT TRU*rMANAGERS 

4 IWrit CrescanL Eorawpn 

031-228 3492 

Amaneen Fimd 89 1 696 . Z44 

Cap*# Fund 75.4 609 .. lit 

Grwm 8 Ine Fimd 1M0 121*# +.72 

hhgh &s Field 904 987 . 89B 

imrnnapwW Fiofa 168* 1806 .. 129 

Rascucea FuW 2D5 21 9 2*S 

Sn» Jap CO a Fnd 27* 292 . 0.10 

Tokyo Fund 1174 12 B 02D 

{E*l Amer |2l 1314 1367 119 

(Ell Jdpoi 0) 801 82.7 .. 029 

(Erj Peofa M) 2120 218* 1 84 

fig smrar jtp w ijflo tsu 0.10 

Eurotano 23 1 24 7 . 405 

EAGLE STAR IMF TRUST MAIMERS 
Bam ftaao. taroorrar n. OKwcaear GL53 7U} 
02*9 521311 

UK BabnoM inc 578 61 7 +0 1 32* 

Oo Accun 579 617 +o, 3» 

UK Granai Accun B23 665 +10 188 

WKffiMelne 57 1 609 -0 2 575 

n Amencan «=um m 6*9 
Far. Esnern Accun 563 622 +01080 

Euaoean Accun 85 7 701 +03 129 

U* G41 6 H me 484 518 41m 


Bd OBar Omg Vkl 


GA & Fnad Un 478 »*• +0.1 938 

Tsr 01 ln» Truss 57* 013# . . 1*8 

Special Sas Tnra 877 72.1 -01 2 S3 

NWAmorTroa S13 56* +02 IN 

For Eastern Tnra 585 63* +0* 0*6 

EQUITY a LAW 

a^Geuge Ha Omparedon Sl Corenhy CV1 
(003 553231 


UK Growth Accun 1293 1375 
Oo mcorna 1,3* 121 0 
Mtfur Inc Acaen 20*0 2170 
Do Income 187.1 177 7 

G+B/Fbea Acaen 91* 964 
Do mcame 78.4 S3 5 

NO* Ana T«l Accun 1301 1383 
Far East Tat Aceun 106* 114* 
Euro Ts, Accun 131.4 ,39 7 
General Trw 205* 2184 


+01 3*1 
+01 3*1 
.. 5*2 
♦01 522 
+02 aoo 
+02 300 
+10 050 
+03 077 
+ 0 * 102 
+04 3*3 


+02 426 
+04 .. 
.. 212 
♦15 .. 
+13 2*1 
-Q4 70« 
♦02 5*4 
+03 1*0 
♦04 020. 
+02 331 
+1* 060 
+01 2*0 


F 6 C LMT MANAGEMENT 

1. Lueerce ftwiey HE London EC+fl DBA 

01-623 4880 

American Fund 715 785 +01 021 

CipCei PuiO 100* 1072 +04 0+4 

mome Fux3 68.1 729 -0.J 539 

Far Eastam Fund 607 660 +01 0+2 

Overean Ineome 624 68* +02 4*9 

Fond kamt 531 90S .BIS 
NMWBl Fe* Fimd 47* 503 -01 3*7 

Euopean Mean# SB* 83*# +05 3*1 

RDEUTY INTERNATIONAL 
&2T yy+A- T ononoge, TW9 1DY 
0733 382222 

Amanean . 93.4 89* +1 1 0*0 

Anw BMT mcerne X5 327# +0*520 
Amor Scerae 80 47* 507 +0.1 047 

Far Em Inc 28.1 29* +OI 350 
Qa 6 FUad W 28.1 253 . 8.77 

l»m«i6lnooma 848 908 4*8 

Jran Spade! Sos 29* 31*# +03 . . 
Japan Thra 679 916 +07 .. 

Mood kn Tst 115* 123* +06 034 

to* mewne Eg«y bo 69* +04 6*0 

Proteuwn«Sr 23a 313c .. 2*7 

South East AM TH 288 284 -01 025 

Speoal S4a 1254 1345 . . 133 


1798 1892 .. 4*1 

2833 2979 .. 4*1 

65 6 901 .. 5 40 

1474 1547 .. 540 

HO* 1151c -01 2*8 
144 6 1508c -01 238 

903.1 9881# -.2.12 

953610223 .. 2 13 


, *Sa fl Lw2on 


Ameneui Exempt £3475 3550 +184 157 

Japan Ererapr £270* 2848 -215 i*i 

Am Prooarty To, si I42T0 . . 775 

Property Trust £2067* . 870 

PRAHUMBTONMANAGENCMT 

3. Lo ndon «B BTOgs. London WeE London 

cCZM 5NQ 

01-628 5181 


Amu 6 Gen me 
Op Accun 


2208 23+9 
225* 2398 


Ator Twnamd Ine 209 6 222* 

_ Do Accun 2182 229* .u> 

Cmrtal Ts, me 1786 187 8 -08 315 

Oo Acaen 2ias 22+ 0 +oe 3.15 

Ccnv 8 Get Inc . 788 8+8M +0 6 623 

_ Od Accun 10+2 1108# +06 623 

Extra fne Tst M 1328 MIC# +04 514 

Do Acaan 141* ,49*M +02 5 14 

marne Trust 100+ TOGS +0, 479 

Do Acaen 10+2 HOB +02 4.79 

rt Growth FC me 1494 1586 +0 8 000 

I Oo Accun IB* 1782 +04 0*0 

Jfaan & Gen me 542 682c +02 0 ih 

I Oo Acaen _ 848 B86c +02010 

1 MonOBy meOBM Pd 6*8 SB 6# +04 545 

Recovery 114* ,212# +0.8 2.1, 

DdAOwn 1214 1312# +09 211 

1 FWEHOS PROVIDENT MANAGERS 
PMUmEnd. Dartung. Sumy 
0308 B8505S 

FP Equcy DM 177* 1 882 -0* 2*9 

OOAcaen 2937 3107 -05 299 

FP Fued mt DM 1033 1104 +01 651 

Do Acaen 115 1 iZLO +02 65i 

SUMarttshp DM 1471 1S56 +09 237 

DO Acaen 1512 1599 +08 237 

FUNDS M COURT 

Pirac Trogre. Kmoewcy. WC2 

01-405 4300 

Ceprul 301* 3114 . 507 

Gross Inc 1279 131 2 .. 884 

H0I YMd 1810 IB92c . . 6.70 

GTUMT MANAOERS 

am Bow. 6. oenanmre Sa iraaon ecsm 4TJ 
01-283 2575 DMMQ 01-6* 9*31 
UK Cap Fnd me 640 899# 280 

Oo Acnxn lig.6 I2fl OM ..2*0 

meome Fuu 714 78+ +09 7 00 

N"Mi E,empt IJOO 1434M +07 2+0 

trewnsWHI 1354 1449 +12 T 00 

US * General 55*. 597 +05 1.40 

Teen & Grown 56.9 71 .6 +Q7 100 

Japan * General 160* 171 2 +12 030 

Fu East 6 Gen 75.* 00.7 +0.1 1.00 

EunoeuiFuM 2057 2200 +11 070 

Germany Find 631 675 +01 1*0 

OARTMOAE FUND MANAGERS 

2 Sl Mare AH Utrafcn EC3A 88P 

01-623 1212 Drano 01-823 6780 OaiMD 01423 
5806 

Amencan ThM 90* »* -01 000 

WMM TVa, 195 207 -03 0 41 

Brtcei Til Aceun 503 518 2*1 

DP Dot 44p 471# 231 

C amm ed*, Snare 56* -0* ,23 

EuiXra Trust 43 6 48.7c +01 07TJ 
Em ineome Tam 4ig 449 +0* 5 S3 

Fir Eason Tnm BBS «0 -1.1044 

Flud narot Fund 2*9 252C 10*8 

GM Trust 24 7 25* -0110*1 

Gtotai Furo Acaen '376 ,464 -1 1 077 

DoDM 13111395 +10 02? 

Gold Snara Tres, 132 141 209 

Hedged American 277 297 +02 am 

MOO mcome Trisa 110.1 126+M +03 57S 

Hang Kwq Trust 27 4 293 c 0*8 

ineome Reid BE4 688# +02 391 

Inseonea AgenoM EfaiS 43*1 +023 23+ 

Japan TruM 963 ,Qzi -Ol 000 

toflAgul E+emp, 2313 2431 -08 349 

Oe i Energy Trust 335 357# | go 

Seeds 1 Era Trust 774 02* *03 1 19 

UK Sma Cs Rae tw 609 95* -0 J i.qs 

QGVCTTUQIHWtff MAMMEMBIT 
Wmdwsnr Hh. 77 Landpn W*a. London 6C2N 
l&A 

01-589 5620 

me Growth 589 736 +02 187 

Amanean Grown S$i 53* +1.1 154 

Amereanmc 651 988 +03 Ut 

European Growth 1674 1790 +27 025 

GWAMmeraK a * 2 472 -0 1 1*0 

Jfaan Gruwfh 1090 1155 +0.9 023 

Pace*: income 615 65.T 429 

UK Soaoai Opps 713 777# +0.1 233 

□RE UMT MANAGERS 
RtnAl Entino. EC3R TON 


+1 4 057 
+12 057 
+ 1 * 121 
♦20 12 , 
+<X0 315 
+05 315 
+06 623 
+06 623 
+04 514 
+02 514 

♦Ol 479 
+02 4 79 
+0 8 000 
+04 0*0 
+02 01 * 
+02 0,0 
+04 545 
+08 2.11 
+09 211 


040 

899# 

280 

118* 

1280# 

2*0 


n3 ^ 

♦CO 700 


1+3 4M 


1*54 

1449 

• 12 ,00 

55* 

597 

+05 1.*0 

869 

71.6 


100* 

1712 

+12 030 

73.4 

00-7 

+01 1.00 

2067 2200 


531 

673 

+o« 1*0 


! Drang 01-823 6788 OaaOg 01023 


905 98* -01 000 

195 207 -03 041 

503 53* 131 

44<) 47.1# 231 

562 50.4 -0* 123 

43 6 48.7c +01 Oh) 
419 449 +03 559 


Be 0»ar Omg YU 


GIANNESS MAHON UMTTRU9T 
MANAGERS 

TO Bo* 442. 31 a toryra-HN. Londwi BC3P 
3AJ. 

01-823 8333 

HU, mewne 47 5 510# ..620 

N Amu Trust 111*1189 .. PBS 

Recovery 1807 171* .. 292 

GM Trust 35* 388# .. 1010 

si vmcare me 74.1 to*c . . 8.12 


HU ORu Chng YU 


Bd ORer Ctmg 


Bd onu .Chng rid 


Si vmcani US GBi 71.8 746e .. 0*1 

Temp# Bu &n Co S UIJ 1492 .. 285 

HAABROS BANK UNtr TRUST MANAGERS 
Praacr UT AdnWv 5. Roytugh Rd. BrenMod 

0277 217918 

Hoaxes Sn#r Co'S 1035 1101# +04 2*5 
Habros n Amu 6S7 69.* +flj o*s 

Hanaxos Jap 8 F E 882 917 -02 049 

Han«roa Scanwm 662 725 +01 1*6 

Kamoroa European 892 830 +04 0*8 

Hurtros CanaMMn 437 403 +02 t22 

Hamhro t EoUiy Inc 72* 769 +02 512 

H a na o o a Htyi me 51.1 5++ +01 6 is 

Hambrea Res asms 502 53*# +OI 3*2 


181.4 183* 
1720 193* 

a*# 

EC3P3HH 

■9 


1765 1978 

+0.1 110 

282.1 3002 

+03 *10 

SJCO 5532 

+42 110 

6321 672* 

♦5.1 1.10 

683 621# 

... 030 

583 621# 

.. 0*0 

54.6 58.1 

+07 190 

- 5*1 57* 

+09 120 

NRI 3NG 


£1045 1100c 

-am 408 

118* 124 2 

+0.4 13 e 


US Grow# 71 

(Bwarau Orwd, • 7] 

acHRoaeiLRirrrRusr 

emtr jnm Hn Oao Port* 
0705 077733 



P+CMC me. -702 74* -07 001 

Oo R a re M SI 850 81.6 -OB 006 

Prar Sea Fd 161 172 . 1031 

accaorai 564 602a +0*221 

Speed Sns 790 84*# . D9ft 

Tncnndogy +47 478# +02 OW 

work) mowne 507 5*1 +05 890 

WMtfmra Gap#! 724.1 132* +02 1*0 

EQuay Ex n B72 71* +20 1.15 

Da Accun m 1259 1346 . +3-7 115 

3 UNfT TR U ST MANAGERS 

^%SSa^*- U,0to,K3A88P - 

Smafier Gtfa BA 7L7 +07 010 


Mnad Kooaa. 2 PjPh DtrE luan eow 
01-3*8 i250 

Aroancan .&CTra 337 359 -03 0*1 

GumralGrowX, 457 fa* .2*5 

9 ktai ^ - 55* *** +03 010 

tom e Crowd 522 558 . . 510 

mcwM Moflcn* *20 as*# .. 7.10 

+«x «« . X - 7 +A1 018 

Ini I Gn»«m 387 fa* +OI M 

♦OS 15 Baurer Gru S12 54* +03 \M 


SpralCfapa 


34 * 58 . 4 * +03 \ 2 \ 




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BCOTTBH EQUITABLE 

^ at. arauB" 

031-596 0101 

' 

bM mewne UMa 
DO Accun . 

1314 188* 
1915 2059 

♦IT *48 
+24 348 

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Amertean 

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154* 188* 
1412 151 1 
12S* 137* 
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+0* 2.12 
+1.1 1*6 
+8.1 0*7 

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SCOTTISH MUTUAL MVESTMBfT 
MMMBK 

109. Vine un 9 l Otogow G2 5HN 
041-248 8100 


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UK Snap Co e Eg 
& unran 

N Amanean 
nacae 

14T7 157.1 
1054 112.1 
1234 131* 
154* 1648 
1039 1,05 
115* 123* 

+01 2*3 
+03 8*0 
+05 228 
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D31-228 4372. 


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N Amanean 
toeam Row 

5>1 «19 
914 316 
333 357 
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+03 

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PO eg !«. Edtfflugh 5,16 5BU 
031-865 6000 



901* 214 5 
2802 248* 

.. 121 

.. 121 

WTTMAL FUNDS RUNAOBmr 

30. c«y no. London EC1Y 2AY 
01-639 8011 


Amu Teen a Gen 
Paafie 

See means Fnd 
Spaed, SeuanwB 
Energy Aflee 
American Mam 
San# Cos 
japan TuA 6 Gen 
townawneHnoom* 
Exucpi 

UK Genera 

09.7 1062 
,23.6 1387 
1*90 1594# 
1717 1859 

24.9 295# 
96* 71.0 
329 852 

70 1 70* 

5.9 55*# 
fa9S 470*# 

24* 262 

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-08 5.16 
+4.1 ,52 
♦04 0.10 
♦04 250 
+04 2*8 
+03 0,0 
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.. 259 
+03 3.10 

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1. Londwi Wai Bug 
01-668 3544 EaM 

s-'Lcndu, BC3M SPT 

Bpus# Sfc® 

44* 47* 

. 1.0D 

STAMMRDUFE 

IGg^BMughBOaxr 


mcuuie urea 

Do Accum UnOS 

219.7 235* 
2*0.7 2800 

■ ■ 341 
341 

STEWART. NORYUNmnUST 




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DO ACCUn 
Da mewne 
Eixope+n 
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375* 401* +1 5 2*5 
53* 56.7m -Ol tS 
397 839# +02 225 
59* 640 +05 078 

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S3 ti 5 +02 12T 

fa* 46* -01 4.87 

896 744# +04 209 
902 569m +03 257 


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0C44 45914a 

181 J 1725 +0* 3*0 

Oo Acaan 294 * 3037 +09 3 30 

Ewrgy Irfl *58 48 9 m . . 3*8 

Tip ACftm $03 54* 3*8 

tomeema i3S* i«» +fti a*r 

ago +03 581 

Oman a, toe 58 * 82A +02 024 

Bo Accun 88a 62a +02 03* 

2*>3 3*7 5 
449 1 480* 

1700 1818 
1773 189 8 
51 8 504 
518 554 


DC AcCur 
ma Tws. 

Do Acam 

Japan GfQW 

Dp Acevm 
N Amu 6 Gen 

DP Acar, 

naal* BAS* 

Qc Acasw 


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+03 330 
3*8 
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+*! 6*1 
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-10 487 
♦07 OS 
•07 062 
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Dp Accun 1128 184 9 


96* 1015m +0.9 1*9 
>0*2 1114 +|* 109 

937 1002m . 043 

979 104 7* +0 2 0*3 
1552 >659 +12 219 



VANOOARP TRUST 
» pMXkri .’Aaduct 6C1A 2&I 
8,-236 3053 

Grow# toe 182* 172.4# +13 : 

Do Aceun 2338 Z+8* +2* : 

ItolBVWa 1795 191.0# *12 ■ 

ftmri d S«* 35.7 374a +0+ : 

Trustee 114* 1214 ■ +14 I 

Do Accun 1712 1BZ2 +1* i 

Amu A GU» 55.1 07 

tostu Ptrtoao (43 533.15 sesi 
AB togdan fldto Asia 9 72 TD3* 


' ' ifn i VC '' > *■ > 







































finance AND INDUSTRY 1 9 


■n-iy t -~ : '4 


WWfflu 


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* _n,i , ‘ 


* 


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’ J.* B 


IiW*» O* J 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 1986 




COMPANY NEWS 


IN BRIEF 


TEMPUS 


»uare prices soanng 


- Speculative fever took and 1C Gw ad* 

“artels soaring to new 320p, both on In 
highs. The FT 30 stare index So* 
want comfortably through toe Among the Issn 
1200 level and dosed near ground on speed 
the to^up 172 points at maud, EngfisSoL- , ,-,,,,, 

. -12p to 30 $l Stafley fmsed 

Bid demand saw many 10p to 3frffi-ngm 2> pmvrf 
«snes score gams to doable 8p at 41 7p and Wticewoed 
fignres while, international improved by So at ‘ 
swan returned to favour. the bid fiont. Ex 
IC3 surged 24 to 850p lip to 4Q6p as D 
ahead of results due soon, sold his to j 
and Beechnut gained 12p at Watartamptwi ; 

3oOp* ley went up 8p to 4 

Also, m leaders Imps target Davenports fi 
«rengthened 13p to 284p on a rec ommended o 
the clearance of the Hansen GreenaD WUfer. 

Trest bid and referral of the lost 4p to 179p an 
United Ka»b merger. Unit- — 
ed biscuits added 6p to 239p. 

Jaguar touched £5 at one 
stage but came off the lop to Abbott 233 up S 
end 20p better at 486p on Asffiey (L) 195 
strong US demand m a Gable and Wireless ■ 
limited market Control Tedi 156 


9** addfcd 12 P * UKO Intenafional rose 
both on bid specula. 28p to iSToTa Wd 

_Among the issoesto gain pSm^nbed 16p to- 438* 

and [OTT finned 7p at 194p» 
fewoJ both on speculative demand. 

group whiwi Stores were dull overall, 
l WedatefUad ** | h ®wton down 1 tip at 


Tlltw ■lll iBlf } 

I63p on a 


Lee Cooper lost I7p at 
19Zp on profit-taking after 
recent acquisitions. Oar Price 
fell lOp ax 540p after 


Tuesday's figures*. 
aumiL GEC added 8p at 186p in 
mji firm electricals. Vickers 
gained 7p at 355p ahead of 
Minn results soon. Estate agents 
were firm. Mann and Go rose 
. 16p to 300p on bid specula- 

Rowe tion. Investment support 
But helped Sank OiganisatioH 
Opto add 22p at S41p. Golds 
__ ended with gains to a dollar. 
oJj; OPTIONS MARKET: 
r®TT Dealers reported active tzad- 
^ - mg. Galls were produced in 

• T. Robinson, Amstrad, 
Vosper, Cowan de Groat, 
Tranwood, West Bromwicb 
Spring, STC, Laszno, Pavion, 
West Coast Resources, 
Brunswick 03. Newman In- 
dustries, Enterprise Oil, 
Garnar Booth, Sound 
DifSsmon. Sheraton, A and 
’ 2 G Securities, Five Oaks and 
Rbwntree. 

Puts were arranged in 
Barclays and Rowmree and a 
doable was completed in 

STC. 


• BLACKS LEISURE 
CROUP: The company has 
reached conditional agreemen t 
with the former managing 

director, Mr Gerald Bass, to 
sell Fmkare Discount Stores io 
Dellhead, a company con- 
trolled by Mr Bass. The price 
wfll be £150,000 cash, less the 
net current liabilities of 
Emicarc at March 1 next. The; 
sale is conditional on 
shareholders* approval. 
Emigre operates from fian- 


Reuters poised to cash 
in on big bang 


Kg bang means different 
things to different people. 
For investors in the new 
financial conglomerates it 


On. 248p on Habitat option 


UJ op <&'■*«*■ vm- — r VVWHi 

the bid front, Extd ***** uncertainties. Boots gave op 
lip to 406p as Dr Mazwan ^ tn . „■ 

sold his stake to Pereamon. 5?*° 2 ?* p “J 
WotverhamptoB mTSoSl EKK 1 .^^ padm f 
ley went np 8p to 433pas bid GUS A shares jumped 43p to 


tost 4p to 179p and Davos-' GUS merger speculation. 


RECENT ISSUES 


Gilts ended with losses to Davidson Pee 146 


****** 233 ng 5 Underwoods 192 dn 4 

Ashley (L) 195 Rights issues 

Cable and Wireless 323 np 10 ihrimm 139 dn 2 
Control Ted* 156 Chemrme 51" 


1/8 or so. Ferguson J 26 

A recovery in the ofl price Macro 4 new 124 
4o overnight . Jevels saw oQs Really Useful 360 
Tome off the; bottom. Shell SPP15S 
dosed with a 5p gain at 670p. Safeway UK £39 
Borraah added 6p at 305p U-Shandwick 208 


51 

Goal Pet 52 up 2 
Hogg Robinson 320 up 2 
Peel Holdings 480 
Stonngmd 18 
Speybawk new 285 
Triplex 86 
Watriuuns 32 np 4 


chise stores, selling toiletries could be negative, but for 
and i* not part of the group’s shareholders in Reiners it is 


core business. 

• BRJKAT GROUP: The ao- 
Qttisiriong of Globestyle and 
South Coast Business Machines 
have been completed. The 


a huge bonus, tied up as it is 
with growth in international 
dealings. 

Yesterday Reuters and the 


The shares rose 7p yester- 
day to 388p where they trade 
on a historic multiple of 29. 
The rating may lode high 
but it is entirely justified by 
the excellent prospects. 


consideratkm includes the issue Stock Exchange announced 
of 370,000 Brikai ordinary that Reuters iwmld be show- 


British 

Aerospace 


shares, which were p l a ce d with mg prices of mtcmationaJ 
» f equities quoted by the Stock 


£mKC?- LEISURE: The 

icons of the issue of the £20 2?“ S?®® 


luum ui ujw ra a u b ui un. . w. _ ■ « 

m31ioa debenture stock, 2011, ™ “i.J* 1 ®? w® ^ 
have been detennined. Hie separately identified. 


coupon will be 11.5 per cent ! As a result of the agree- 


ibe iBue price £98.977 per cent mem Reuters expects that 
md the gross redemption yield q* num ber of totonational 


• SPEORA AUTOMOTIVE 

ENGINEERING: The com- thr “ 


ine cum - 1 * minimum of ton* 

pony pi r r M fffl additio&al I ® 2 flcci makers, will grow 
jr pfhniH premises near its j snbstantially.lt points out 
present ooe at Trctoggzn Indus- that international trading in 


trial Estate, Newquay, Cora- 1 securities is growing at 35 


walk for £147.660. Spectra has 
negotiaied a loan of £200.000 
firan the E uro pean Investment 


per cent annually. 

The agreement increases 


wfajchwOI be used the chances of Instinct, in 
towards the cost of acquiring which Reuters potentially 


toe new she and installing [ has a 26 


Ex-PCW 
chief loses 
£7m case 

By Alison Eadie 


APPOINTMENTS 


Satellite Television: Mr 
Michael Rada, advertising 
director of Times Newspa- 
pers limited and a director 
of News Group New sp a p ers, 
has joined the boanL 


Mr Peter Dixon, the for- 
mer chairman of tire PCW 
underwriting agency at 
Lloyd's, has been assessed by 
the High Court in London to 
have personally received 
about £72 million from 
PCW syndicates. The court 
made an order against him, 
for damages which have yet' 
to be assessed. 

The action against Mrj 
Dixon for defrauding PCW' 
syndicates was brought by 
Richard Beckett Underwrit-; 
mg Agencies, which took 
over PCWs affair s in 1982.:, 
A Lloyd's disciplinary : 
committee last year found' 1 
Mr Dixon guilty of diverting; 
312:8 million out of PCw 
syndicate funds for his owni 
benefit l 

Lloyd’s found Mr Dixon 
and Mr Peter Cameron-i 
Webb, another former chair-: 
titan of the agency, vitae toe: 
brains hriwwd toe offshore! 
reinsurance schemes which' 
siphoned £39 minion out afj 
the syndicates. 


Strutt & Parian Mr Nigel 
Astta, Mr Oles itama, Mr 


Sager. Dean, Mr. James 
liana, Mr Jonathan Baker 


and Mir WQBaa Quarry are 
to jam the partnendtip from 
May 1. 

Rush and Tompkins Mir 
Nigel Domett is appointed 
finance director from March 
1 . 

Floyd Oil Partic ip atio ns : 
Mr ran Gsw, Conservative 
MP for JEastooame, hgs 
become a director. 

British Telecom: Mr. JUm 
McMonfeall has been name d 
deputy managing director of 
British Telecom Enterprises. | 


Mercantile Credit 
CompanyrMr Seymour 
Fortesgue has been made a 
non-executive di rector. 

Cockman.Copemau & 
Partners:- Mr Richard 
GtieeuUI has been appointed 
jmnt managing director with 
Mr Richard Codonan. Ms 
Jams Kynaatan, Mr Christo- 
pher Gilbert and Mr Co&b 
C hamberfadn have joined toe* 
board. MR JEdth McNdsh 
ha« been made a miof 
consnltant. . . . 

Co0ins*Wikle: Mr Terry 
Bnai has been appointed to 
the board. 

Fetro con Group: Mr John 
Carney has become gro u p 
financial director. 

Sled Brothers Holdings: 
Mr Peter Sechari has joined 
tiie board. 



plant and machinery. 


cent stake. 


being used for routing dec- 


• KWTANNU SECURITY tromc orders into the central 
GHOUft The, .aoqnisnion of slQ( ^ mar y^ 


Tek-Link Archives has been 
completed. Mr Stephen Crown 
has now joined the bo 


has now joined the board of developments in London 
Britannia. At completion, the and the investment Renters 


company issued 3.91 million 
ordinary shares to Mr Crown 
and his family, of which 211 


has made in Rich , a 
designer of communications 


Jvrf rii systems for dealing rooms 

GodllSt * acquired early tast 


9fSf rNisseii tops gilts poll 


Mir (reorge Pfissen, of 
Morgan Grenfell Govern- 
ment Securities, beaded the 
MU for places on the Gih 
Sdged Market Makers’ Asso- 
ciation committee. 

' Also elected were Mr Bat 
Fhfllms (of Barclays de Zoete 
Wedd), Mr Rodney Offer 
(Ackroyd Rowe & Pitman 


sen, of Mullens), Mr Joim Ric^rds 
Govern- (Greenwefl Mention Gih 
ided toe Edged), Mr Tony Bohannon 
the Gilt (Salomon- Brothers), Mr 
s’ Asso- Thomas Dobbie (CSticaap 
^ Scrimgeour VfckersX Mr 

Mr Bat Robert Endngtm (Genard & 
fe Zoete National) and Mr Peter 
J Olfer Clarke Klemwort (Grieveson 
Pftman CharieswoirtiiX 


A British company winch 
has helped pioneer subsea oil 
systems in the North Sea has 
won a Mgnificaiirt contract to 
supply equipment to the 
offshore oil industry in tire. 
Golf of Mexico. 

Humphreys & Glasgow is 
to design a process platform 
for Placid CM] which will be 
installed in shallow water 52 
miles from toe company’s 
Green Canyon field which 
stands in 1,640 feel of water.. 

It has also won a contract 
to provide a te chnical assis- 
tance team to review the 
entire development and the 
op erat i ng company’s plana 
for the production systems 
Die Green Canyon field 
win eventually produce oft 
and gas from 24 subsea 
systems tied into a floating 
production facility. 

The .oil and gas wiD be 
transported via two pipelines 
to tiie process ptatfonn def 
agned ‘ by Humphreys £ 
Glasgow. 


B ritanni a has also issued 
91,388 ordinary shares as 
further consideration for the 
purchase of Audio Education. 


year, securities trading 
should become increasingly 
important for Reuters. 

Last year, however, it was 


• AGA s A dividend of 4 krona xktc money markets which 

provided the principal en- 


pared with 3A7 krona (ad- 
justed) fast time. Sales 9,750 
million krona (about £925 


nunionX against 5,632 million I ward 
krona. Income before year-end 1 


krona Income before year-end 
provision and tax 905 million 
krona (670 million krona). 


gine of growth. 

They powered profits for- 
ward from £74.2 million to 
— — . £93.6 million before tax. 
“““““jTlm was despite a £4 


BTOjaio/o mimon mmjon loss by the news 

Earnings per share 13 krona 


(1 ! krona). Group investments 
m fixed assets exceeded UXX) 
million krona (711 million 
knmaX 


picture service . bought from 
UPL and £1 million costs of 


being a public company. 
From the small print it 


• WM. LOW: An acceleration emerges, however, that the 
in its programme of new stme costs of w inning new busi- 


opeaMgs u reported by the ness are rising 
company. Within the next 18 over Tost 

mrmthc 11/100 rn A nf ? V ? r " 


While tum- 
per cent to 


of Brgbnd at a cost of £25 Per cent Partly as a result, 
million. In addition to three maigins fell and given the 


Stock market gossips have 
concentrated much of their 
efforts this week on British 
Aerospace. The strongest 
story suggests that the Tor- 
nado contract with Oman 
wiU be delayed. There was 
also speculation about prob- 
lems with tire Saudi con- 
tract, which the company 
denied. 

More generally, dealers are 
increasingly conreraed about 
defence budget overruns, 
which could be running at 
£200 million a year. 

If there are cuts, the 
Tornado programme would 
be vulnerable but other 
areas, particularly in the 
naval field, are more likely 
victims. These fears are 
likely to overhang the^ de- 
fence sector, not just British 
Aerospace, for some months 
in come. 

British Aerospace must be 
anxious to allay at feast 
some of the anxieties as 
soon as possible. In so far as 
the Sanctis have already 
flown back their Lightnings, 
which toe Tornados are m. 
part designed to replace, the 
omens for the contract must 
be good. 

The Oman contract, how- 
ever, could well be subject to 
delay. The company says 
this would not be significant, 
as it would simply supply 
■the RAF earlier rather than 
■later, but that remains to be 
seen. 

Mr Bill Dixon, of Scott 
Goff Layton, the broker, 
believes the market has 
over-reacted to the specula- 
tion. And yesterday the 
shares recovered some of 
their lost ground, rising 5p 
to 446p. tort tire market is 
likely to continue nervous 
for some thn^ 


new branches in Scotland plans for expansion in Eu- 
wineb will open in 1988, rope and Asia they could- 


negotiations have been com- decline again 
pletod for a farther five stores, T~T“ 

covering Scotland and the maflccl 


Amax 


The market, however, is 


North of England, all of which more concerned with the 
wfll be trading by June bottom line and this should 


continue to rise strongly. 


It was an animal event for 
four years. Mr Pierre 
Goussetand, formerly the 
dominant force at Amax; the. 


big American natural re- 
sources company, would 
meet the press and analysts 
to tell them that "this year it 
would be different.- 1 But it 
was not. Each year Amax 
slumped de e per into losses 
until in 1985 it recorded one 
of S621 million (£494 mil- 
lion), or $9.35 a share. 

This year, however, ft may 
well be different Mr 
Gousseland has been de- 
posed and with him have 
gone his more colourful 
ways. In barely six months 
his successor, Mr Allen 
Bom, has given Amax the 
shake-up ft so badly needed. 

The formula is simple and 
classic: sell everything which 
does not make money or is 
outside maxotstream activi- 
ties, and concentrate on 
relieving the $1.8 billion 
debt 

So only a third of last 
year's loss was caused by 
operating results. The bulk 
was losses on properties and 
investments dosed or dis- 
posed of since Mr Bora 
assumed command. 

The next step is to reduce 
debt directly. A further $274 
million from the 25 per cent 
stake in Mount Newman 
conveniently falls into 1986, 
and issuing almost seven 
milli on new shares has 
netted another $440 million. 

Concentrating on core . 
mining should generate 
enough cash in 1986 to 
service the debt. But the 
reshaped group will look 
very different from the days 
when Amax was synony- 
mous with molybdenum. 
(Val, oil and gas, al umini um 

and increasingly gold will be 
the resource nose. 

But tire new approach is 
most evident in manage- 
ment reorganization. Con- 
trol has been firmly 
centralized at Greenwich. 
Connecticut Such frills as 
expensive marketing subsid- 
iaries in Paris have been cut 
off 

At around $13 Amax is 
tr ading near the bottom of 
its 12 months’ . range, and 
perilously close to 
shareholders* equity. If 
Amax breaks even this year, 
as Mr Bran forecasts, at least 
tire haemorrhage mil have 
stopped. 

At next year’s gathering 
we should discover whether 
the transfusion is under way. 






wrfts #®3i December 1985 (Ubawfitad) 


Good prospects of 


continued progress 



• Kfearto 

Year to 



31 December 1985 

31 December 1984 

Difference 

.. • • -.- 

£m 

$m 

£m . 

$m 

% 

Revenue 

434JL 629.5 

330.3 

.478.9 

+31 

Pre-TaxProftt 

93.6 

135.7 

74.2 

107.6 

+26 

Taxation . 

38.7 

56 J. 

31.8 

46.2 

+21 

Profit Attributable 






to Ordinary 
Shareholder 

5*3 

7&8 

42.8 

62.0 

+27 


Earning per Share 13.2p — 10.5p — +26 


Note: The above unaudited financial inf o rmat i on has been prepared in accordance with UK GAAP 
For convenience the US dollar equivalents tor both years have bean converted at the noon buying rate 
at 31 Deoember 1985 which mos USH.45 to £t Audited consolidated financial statements of Reuters 
for the year ended 31 December 1^5 will be delivered to the RetShtiv of Companies following the AGU on 
25Apr1l 1986. ' - 




’ '*'c.W.7*'V'i -X~ h. 'riiT 



Pre-tax profits increased by 1 1 .3% to £14.3m In Securtcor 
Group on an advance m turnover of 9.4% to £31 1 m, and by 
6.4% to £10JBm m Security Services on an increase in 
turnover of 9B% to £271 m. 

The final dividends of both companies are being increased 
by 1 0% after stowing for the recent scrip issues. 

The steady growth of the U.K. parcels and freight division 
continued during the year, with turnover exceeding £loom 
tor the first time. 

Securicor Granley’s new alarm control panel, the Valiant, 
has proved a conspicuous success. Sales for new installa- 
tions are up by 25% on last year. 

The development of the "Celine!" national radio network 
by Telecom Securicor CeSiHar Radio Limited - a Joint 
venture with British Teiecom - is well ahead of forecasts. 


The majority of the overseas subsidiaries produced 
commendable results, and in local currency terms, a rise of 
7.5% overall However, the strength of sterling has had an 
adverse effect If overseas results had been translated at last 
year's exchange rates, turnover would have been higher 
than reported by £2£7m and operating profit higher by 
£448,000. 

The hotel and motor divisions both produced creditable 
advances in profits during the year. 

The financial strength continuing to be reflected in the 
balance sheets of the companies, together with the encour- 
aging trading indications emerging from the early months of 
the current year, supports our current commercial policy and . 
the prospect of sustaining continued progress. 


Peter Smith, Chairman 


Reuters unaudited pre-tax prtfrt rose by 
26% to £93.6 million (US$135.7 million) in 
the year ended 31 December ISSSjfrom £74.2 
million (US$107.6 million) in 1984. Profit after 
tax rose by 30% to £54.9 million (US$79.6 
million) from £42.4 million (US$61.4 million) . 
in 1984. 

Revenue -increased by 31% to £434.1 
million (US$629.5 million) in. 1985 from 
£330.3 million (US$478.9 million) in 1984. 

The Board has recommended a final divi- 
dend, of 2.0 pence per share (17.4 bents per 
ADS), making a total for the full year of 3.25 
pence per share (28.3 cents per ADS) com- 
pared with 2.5 pence per share (218 cents per 

ADS) in 1984, an.increase of 30%. The. final 
dividend will be paid on Z May 1986 to share- 
holders on the register on 28 March 1986. 

' The pre-tax profit included, a contribution 
of £4 1 million (US$6.0 million) from Rich Inc., . 
the Chicago-based supplier of d^hng ro°rn 
systems which became a f 1 . 0 ' 
sidiary of Reuters in April 1985. In 1984, 

Rich Inc. broke even. - A ■■ ' 

Glen. Renfrew Managing Director and. 


Chief Executive, reports: “Profits before tax 
grew more slowly than revenue partly because 
of exceptional items, including the impact of 
losses on news pictures and various costs 
arising from Reuters new status and obliga- 
tions as a public company These items, which 
in 1985 amounted toapproximately£5 million 
(US$7 million), are not expected to have, a 
significant effect on profit growth in 1986. 

, • “Money markets continued to -provide 
most of our growth in 1985. Sales of Rich Jnc. 
systems to the money sector were excellent in 
: North America and Europe and the first installa- 
tions^re completed in As|a. ! 

v "New business In recent months has 
been running at record levels and augurs well 
forcontinued growth in 1986.” 


■M« •••• • •••••••••*•••• ••• 

• * • • • • •• 
•••• •••• •••* •••• ••• 

• *• •••• •• • 

• ••••• • •••• « • ••• 


. Heuters HoUNgsPLC 

85 Fleet Street, London EC4P4AJ. Tel: 01-250 1122 



Securicor Group PLC 

Security Services PLC 


Results forme year ended September 30th, 1985 



1985 

1984 

1985 

1984 

TURNOVER 

£000 

£000 

£000 

£000 

- UK 

274,448 

248,689 

234,290 

212,147 

- Overseas 

36.434 

35.454 

36,434 

35,454 


310,882 

284,143 

270.724 

247,601 

PROFIT BEFORE TAX 

Security, communications and parcels 





- UK 

7,062 

6,689 

7,062 

6.689 

- Overeeas 

2JJ94 

2£65 

2,094 

2,365 

Finance, investments and insurance 

3,383 

2,486 

1,632 

1,081 

Property, hotels and vehicle divisions 

1.742 

1,297 

— 



14^86 

12,837 

10,788 

10,135 

Tax 

6,265 

5,630 

4£82 

4,788 

PROFIT AFTER TAX 

8,021 

T',207 

5£06 

5^47 

Due to outside shareholder 

2,906 

2,632 

— 



5,115 

4,575 

5,906 

5,347 

Extraordinary charge for deferred tax 

— 

1,675 

— 

3,300 


5,115 

2,900 

5,906 

2,047 

EARNINGS PER SHARE 

&9p 

6.0p* 

6.0p 

6.1 p* 

Final Ordinary dividend (proposed) 

0.673p 

0.61 Ip* 

1.245p 

1.1 3p* 

Interim Onflnary dividend (paid) 

‘Adfustrid for scrip issues 

0£39p 

0.49p 

lip 

IP 


Securicor Group PLCowns 50.77 per cent of Security Services 
PLC. Both companies have faff Ratings on the Stock Exchange. 

Security Services’ principal activities are carried out In the UK and 
internationally and Include the carrying and care of cash and 
valuables, security guards and patrols, communications, parcels and 
documaTfdefiVwy sendees, air courier derivery services and the 
Pony Express messenger services. Security Services also has 
subsidiaries in electronic surveillance, stem? equipment and office 
cleaning. 

Securicor Group's principal subsidiaries (other than Security 
Services) operate in hotels, travel, Ford dealerships, vehicle body- 
building, finance, investment and insurance. 


titm 

ml 


Copies of the Annual Report and A&xrunts win be available early 
m March from the Company Secretary, Vigilant House, 

24 Gfflnghean Street, London SW1V 1 HZ. 


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STOCK EXCHANGE PRICES 


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ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began Feb.I<X Dealings End Feb 21 .§ Contango Day Feb 24 . Settlement Day, March 3 

§ Forward Bargains are permitted. on two previous days. 



Low (Wni) 


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CINEMAS AND TV 


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195 


129 

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16 27 1*5 

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270 194 
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208 133 
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ISO 106 
175 130 
182 118 
315 110 
266 149 
171 94 
272 193 
313 220 
640 548 
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304 204 
170 130 
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447 340 
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190 20 

061 416 
303 219 
2*0 140 
233 164 
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BaMattfoodB 178 
BaHaye 101 

Bajwn US 

BPatnd Cote 78 
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Home Form TV 

UM Frown 614 
Mekiw# 230 
Leas pom JJ ire 
Lomt (OF) 52 

Lmpfcn) 545 

MW mi (Bern## 570 
MBttltedB Bmp 96 
Mormon m 156 
NMifara 183 

MMB(jrq (VMo}220 

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N6M Foodi 280 

NwiM 6 ftacock 156 
Pw* Foods 127 
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ROMM Mac 433 

lita—tS iaW M2 

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121 4* 65 

9* 5*102 
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6* 53 19.7 
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97 3* 256 
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14* 3*202 
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153 59123 
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41 29 157 

91* 55 115 
7* 2*207 
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10* 46 12* 

53 59 17* 


HOTELS AND CATERERS 


413 

275 

Grand Mat 

403 

42 

MJ 

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246 

100 

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197 118 AAH 

257 182 4GB FtBMVCB 

128 93 AW 

301 218 APV 

112 71 Ammon 

232 148 VMfl 

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370 88 Art*™ 

42 24 ArvBOQ 

30 15% Amo IP 

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406 303 Assoc hS 
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349 218 AMStRvtmr 
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211 52 BBA 

333 278 BET CT O 
87 SB IE7EC 
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425 296 gm 
187 118 Swam* 

30% 13% BM fC»f 
461 325 asstfri waj 

150 5* BMW** 

144 119 Bamsm 

485 180 Bsrt»v Rand 
47 38 EVTW IMPDVT) 

210 130 Bsrm Transport 
81 23 SBynw (OMst 

184 133 ewmCBM 
87 66 P ssutod 


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141 5*310 

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209 216 
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270 139 

MO 104 
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408 272 

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Run of defeats undermines Italy 

Voric (AP> - i**i v •/ 


New Yorfc (AP) - Italy 

2J2} # fe y consecutive 
ocfeats dunng their prenant- 
UOns for the Work! Cup 
finals, will have to improve a 
attack to have any 
chance of retaining then 
trophy m Meric* 

.jf* w °rid Cup holders, 
Italy automatically qualified 
for the tournament and will 
play the opening ro»mfr 
against Buharia on May 31 
w Mexico City’s Aztec Stadi- 
um. Italy then have other 
first-round matches against 
Alumina and South Korea. 

The Italians have been less 
than impressive in recent 
matches, showing, their usual 
strength in defence, hut 
lacking forwards who can 
score. 


Last week Italy lost 2-1 to 
West Germany in AveOino, 
and in their last two games of 
1985 they were beaten 2-1 by 
Norway, also in Italy, and 1-0 
by Poland away. 

The Italians hardly strode 
fear m the hearts of opposing 
goalkeepers last year. In 
winning three nK tfrhCT , 
ing two and losing 
scored only seven 
one per matrfr 

At the 1982 World Cup in 
Spain, Italy relied on a 
superb defence and three key. 
players in midfield and at- 
tack: Tardelli, who nntea^hwl 
so many of bis side's counter- 
attacks, Conti, a brilliant 
winger, and Rossi, the 
tournament's outstanding 
goal scorer. 

In Mexico, the Italian 
m a n a g e r , Enzo Bearzot, is 
unlikely to _ have any prob- 
lems with his having 

been able to replace two 
retired veterans, the goal- 
keeper, ZofE and a defender, 
Gentile. It was Gentile's 
implacable and at times very 
rough marking of the likes of 
Maradona, of . Argentina, 
Zico, of Brazil, . and 
Rummenigge, of West Ger- 
many, that helped cany Italy 
to their triumph in Spain. 

But TardeDi has been 
troubled by a string of 
injuries and there is consider- 
able doubt over whether he 
will be able to play in 
Mexico. He was expected to 



be replaced by Antonio Di 
Gennaro, who plays for the 
Italian champions Verona, 
but Di Gennaro has-suflered 
a severe injury and may aiw» 
be unavailable. If .Di 
Gennaro cannot take part, 
Bearzot will probably call on 
Carlo Ancelotti, of Roma. 

The lack of a realty 
outstanding midfield player 
to lead Italy will be one of 
their biggest worries in Mexi- 
co. 

Almost all of the Italian 
dubs rely on midfield players 
from abroad, and the best of 
them wifi be in Mexico 


Rossi (left) and Conti: heroes of 1982 who are stra gg lin g to regain their form 

playing for their national 
teams. The Frenchman, Mi- 


chel Platini, is the key to the 
success of Juventus. 
Sampdoria of Genoa have 
Scotland's Graeme Souness, 
while AC Milan rely on the 
England international, Ray 
Wilkins. Torino and Roma 
have two excellent Brazilian 
midfield players. Junior and 
Toninho Cerezo. Pisa have 
Klaus Betggreen, of Den- 
mark. 

In attack, Bearzot has for 
the time being been forced to 
discaril Rossi and Conti, who 
seem to have lost their goal- 
scoring ability .Rossi had 


scored only two goals for 
Torino in this season's Italian 
championship before being 
injured. Conti has been 
unable to score for his dub 
Roma. 

In their absence, one of the 
two forwards in Mexico will 
almost certainly be 
Alessandro Altobelh, from 
Iniernazionalc, a great ball 
player and creative force, but 
who has scored only two 
goals in 17 games this season. 

The other forward could be 
Aldo Serena, who plays for 
Juventus and is one of the 
leading scorers in the cham- 


pionship with 10 goals. Sere- 
na scored the only goal 
against the West Germans. 

But Bearzot has also been 
hinting that be might use a 
younger player in Paolo 
Bakfieria 20-year-old for- 
ward with Pisa who has been 
one of the revelations in 
Italian football this year for 
his scoring ability and his 
great speed and ball control. 

Bearzot has not concealed 
his concerra about the attack. 
Before the defeat by West 
Germany, he said it was vital 
that Italy had Rossi or a 
player of his goal-scoring 
ability to win in Mexico. 


Dunnett to challenge rebels 


The Football League presi- 
dent, Jade Dunnett, will chal- 
lenge “rebel” chair man tO ring 
the changes from within exist- 
ing regulations when the dubs 
hold an extraordinary general 
meeting next month. 

The dubs involved in secret 
Super League talks this season 
have failed to submit any 
proposals or amendments to 
the meeting on March 4 and" 
the fear is that, if they do om 
get their way, they win call yd 
another meeting or even launch 
a breakaway league. 

“We have done our best in 
the changes we are potting 
forward, to implement the 
Chester Report of 1983 coupled 
with variations which seem to 
be required try the majority of 
clubs." Dunnett said yesterday. 

"The main alteration we 


have not put up is a new 
. method of dating the Manage- 
ment Committee:'*-. 

The “rebels” toe seeking 
greater representation on the 
League's governing , body. 
Dunnett opposes giving them 
that in one single regulation 
change 

“We take the view that for 
one- division-, to automatically 
have control- of the league 
would be wrong. Even so, if 
that is what they want then 
they can achieve it within three 
years by using the normal 
election process.” 

Dick Wragg steps down as 
vice-president this summer, 
opening tire way for one extra 
first division representative. 
Another vico-prendent. Jack 
Wiseman, retires next year, and 
Duxmett himself is also due for 


Two substitutes call 


Two substitutes could be 
used in Football League and 
FA Cup games next season. 
League duos are to be asked to 
approve the change at their 
annual meeting is June and if 
they vote for the move, the 
Football Association win al- 
most certainly follow. 

“It appears to make sense 
that the same regulations 
should apply for the major 
competitions in the country” 
said an FA spokesman. 

Three previous attempts to 


introduce two substitutes for' 
league games have foiled be- 
cause ddhs were worried about 
the extra cost in appearance 
money and bonuses. Hus, 
however, win be the first time 
the Management Committee 
has proposed foe change. 

"We are the ’ only major 
league in Europe which does 
not allow two substitutes and 
we think the time is right for us 
to come into line with the 
others,"- the president. Jack 
Dunnett, said. 


retbment or re-election in 
1987. 

By voting first division fiien 
into the other annual vacancies 
cm the committee they could 
have nine out of 10 on the 
management committee within 
three years. 

First division chairmen meet 
in Birmingham on Monday to 
decide their strategy. Whatever 
their actions at the' EGM, 
Dunnett win not step down. 

“There is no way I am going 
to resign before my term is up. 
That would be cowardice," 
Dunnett said. “I was elected by 
a majority of the members in 
June '84 for three years. I have 
not taken this season's unrest 
personally . and I have no 
- objection to people deciding on 
changes providing they do so. 
within the - . constitution." 

Changes being put forward' 

S r the League management at 
e EGM include a reduction 
of the first division member- 
ship to 21 dubs for 1987-88 
season and 20 the following 
season; second division 
mem b er sh ip increased to 23 
dubs in 1987-88 and 24 the 
next season; automatic promo- 
tion to the fourth division for 
the Goto. League champions; a 
bigger Share of television and 
Sponsorship cash for first 
division dubs; major regula- 
tion cha n ges to require a 60 per 
cent, majority instead of the 
present 73 per cent 


Germans seeking 
bigger profits 


BONN, (Reined -The West 
German Football Federation 
(DFB) said yesterday that it 
would aim for a record profit 
when it stages the 1988 
European championship. Two 
days before the draw in 
Frankfort for the tournament, 
DFB officials said they hoped 
to exceed the 18.4 million- 
mark (about £5. 5m) record 
made at the 1984 champion- 
ship in Trance. 

They said contracts for 
television rights, stadium 
advertising and sponsorship 
worth 15.84 million marks 
have already been arranged by 
the European Football Union 


•Seoul (Reuter) — South Ko- 
rea. which has won a berth in 
the 1986 World Cup finals, is 
sending its squad for five weeks 
training in Europe, officials 
said yesterday. 

The team, now in Hong 
Kong for a three-nation 
friendly tournament, will set up 
training camp in Wedau, West 
Germany, on February 18 and 
play eight warm-up matches, 
they said. These will include 
games against West German 
first division side Bayer Lever- 
kusen. Belgian top team Ander- 
lecbt. West Germany's national 
youth team and five West 
German amateur sides. 


Lineker leads the way 


Robson fit 
to return 
for match 
in Israel 

Bryan Robson is fit and 
ready to lead Fn glanrf into their 
World Cup warm-up natch 
against Israel in Tel Aviv on 
February 26. 

The Manchester United cap- 
tain has made a complete 
recovery from the ankle injury 
which forced him to limp out of 
the 2-1 defeat at West Ham 10 
days ago. 

Tbe United manager, Ron 
Atkinson, said yesterday: 
"Bryan is folly fit and raring to 
go. It is a quicker return than 
we expected, but compared with 
other injuries he has had, this 
one wasn't too bad.” 

Robson cannot play in 
Saturday's FA Cop fifth-round 
tie at Upton Park because he is 
completing a two-match 
suspension, but he will be 
available to face United's 
championship rivals Chelsea at 
Old Trafford next Wednesday. 

He has not played for 
England since October, when 
he suffered the hamstring 
injury which kept him out of 
action for more than three 
months. 

Barring any more setbacks, 
Robson now looks certain to 
play in Israel, resuming his role 
as one of England's key figures 
in the build-up to the World 
Cup finals. 

Meanwhile, reports linking 
Atkinson with tbe Spanish 
dub. Real Madrid, have been 
dism is sed, by ti«» United man- 
ager. He said: "1 consider I 
have cot the best job in football 
already. 1 love h where 1 am." 

Higgins told 
he can return 

Mark Higgins has been 
given permission to resume his 
Football League playing career 
with Manchester United. The 
ljap» management committee 
agreed yesterday to accept the 
registration of the former 
Evert on defender, who retired 
from the game because of an 
apparently incurable pelvic 
problem. 

Higgins wns not previously 
allowed to play In the first 
division because he and 
Evert on bad collected an fnsar- 
ance pay-out, but United are 
prepared to compensate the 
company involved. 

Evert on have no objection to 
Higgjns wiring a comeback, 
and his registration conld be 
cleared by this weekend. He 
has been riven a two-year 
contract by United and has so 
far made one first-team appear- 
ance. 

Luton’s date 
for Liverpool 

The Football League yes- 
terday ordered Luton Town and 
Liverpool to meet in a first 
division match at Kenilworth 
Road next Tuesday. The game 
was scheduled for Saturday but 
both cfnbs are involved in FA 
Cnp ties. They had agreed to 
postpone the match to a spring 
evening in March or April but 
the League have refused to 
allow the delay. 

Graham Mackrefl, the Luton 
secretory, said: "The League 
want postponed games disposed 
of rapidly to ensure that the 
season does not overrun before 
the World Cup, and we have to 
accept the derision." 


Foulds hits back 
to draw level 


Tony Meo and Neal Foulds, 
the two young pretenders, were 
all square at 3-3 in the 17- 
frame final of the Tolly 
Cobboid English professional 
championship at tbe Corn 
Exchange, Ipswich, yesterday. 
Sieve Davis, the holder, was 
dethroned by Meo. who de- 
feated him 9-7 od Tuesday 
night. 

Meo was the more volatile 
player ai the start of yesterday's 
final, and he quickly built a 3-1 
lead. But Foulds. who took a 
little lime to play his shots, 
steered a steadier course and 
drew level with a fine display 
of courage and skilL 

Meo raced away with the 
first frame clearing tbe table 
with a break of 63. But Foulds 
took a grip on the second by 
establishing a lead of 52-8. He 
missed a simple red and let 
Meo in for a break of 31. Bui 
after Foulds had taken the last 
two reds he consolidated his 


to 


By Sydney Friskin 

position and forced Meo 
concede on the brown. 

Meo dominated the next two 
frames, particularly the fourth, 
which he won with a sparkling 
break of 5S, forcing Foulds. to 
concede. Breaks of 32 and 38 
enabled Foulds to win the fifth 


frame comfortably and he was 
22-2 ahead m the 6th when 
Meo began to dimb back only 
to miss a crucial red and 
allowing Foulds to win the 
frame with a sustained run on 
the colours up to the pin£ 
Meo's victory over Davis 
was the first in 1 ! attempts.- In 
achieving h he settled a few pid 
scores. One was a 9-8 defeat. by 
Davis in last year's semi-final 
here; another was a 9-8 defeat 
in the Lada Classic final of 
1984 at Warrington. 

RESULTS: SvaMM TMwHS OkvtS 
9-7; tana tWH (Meo first); 5V7V4&- 
S3. 80-0. BO-22. 63-69. 35-«9. 07-41. "81- 
47. 116-0. 97-1. 1-98. S8-7B. 47-69. M-1, 
85-31 . 82-38. Final: T Mao and N Forte; 
taws! « 3-3; towns scores (Meo tent 
118-12 38-71, 71-24. 60-2, 18-70. 42-57. 


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Salmon Bill has 
strong criticism : 


By Conrad Voss Bark 


The Government's Salmon 
Bill, which makes some 
changes in salmon legislation, 
mostly in Scotland, came under 
strong criticism on its way 
through the House of Lords. 
Some 100 amendments were 
put down, mainly after a 
briefing meeting organized by 
the Salmon and Trout Associ- 
ation. This was attended by 
some 40 members of both 
Houses of Parliament, m spite 
of it being in the middle of the 
Westland crisis. 

Lord Lansdowne, who is 
both a netsman and a rod and 
line fisherman; Lord Home, 
who is president of the Salmon 
and Trout Association; Lord 
Denning, Lord Moran, Lord 
Trenchard, and many other 
peers, led the assault At one 
time the two Government 
ministers involved. Lord Gray 
of Con tin and Lord Belstrad, 
seemed highly uncomfortable 
as they tried to defend the Bill. 

When peers pressed for 
estuarial netting to be limited 
during drought periods — when 
the nets make a killing — all 
Lord Gray could say was that 
there were “better and less 
acrimonious ways of conserv- 
ing stocks" but he did not say 
what these better ways were. 
He did say that the Govern- 
ment was looking at drought 
problems as a whole but it was 
dear that this was not in 
connection with the Salmon 
Bill. 

The Bin proposes to bring in 
licensed dealing for salmon in 
Scotland but not in England 
and Wales. Lady White pro- 
tested that Welsh needs were 
every bit as great as Scotland’s. 
She had strong support. For the 
Government, Lord Belstead 
said they were “concerned 
about the extra cost and effort 
imposed on tbe trade” if 



licenses dealing in salmon was 
brought in for England and 
Wales as well as Scotland. 

Peers were getting frustrated. 
Lord Lansdowne said it was a 
“wee timorous beasiie of a 
Bill" which did nothing for 
salmon conservation and the 
North Atlantic Conservation 
Organization was in despair at 
the Government's attitude. He 
and practically every other peer 
who spoke gave vigorous sup- 
port to amendments by Lord 
Moran to phase out drift 
netting off the Northumberland 
coast. 

It was said that because of 
the introduction of nylon n^ts, 
the Northumberland netsman 
were now taking 70.000 salmon 
in a season compared with 

2.000 salmon which they took 
when they were using the for 
more visible hemp nets in the 
1930s. Lord Home said they 
were probably taking a good 
deal more, pentaps as much as 

150.000 to 200.000. 

For the Government, Lord 
Belstead said that the netsmen 
had ancient rights going back 
to Magna Carta, the netting 
would have additional restric- 
tions imposed but should not 
be banned The situation would 
be reviewed in three years 
time. He did not think there 
was a case on conservation 
grounds for ending the fishery, 
but they were going to stop all 
night fishing and make sure 
that, the licensed netsmen were 
on the boats when the nets 
were fished He was hopeful 
that most of the new restric- 
tions would come into force 
this year. * 


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I — 1 


Gary Lineker scored three 
times in a match for the third 
time this season on Tuesday to 
help put Erertoa three points 
dear at the top of the first 
division. He scored after five, 
46 and 37 minutes as Man- 
chester City were beaten 4-0 at 
Goodison Park in (Hie of only 
two English games to beat the 
weather. 

After three minutes Lineker 
fired in via a post and seconds 
after half-time be capitalized 
on a mistake by Reid and 


Slipped the ball past tbe 
stranded Nixon in the City 
goaL In the 57th minute he 
chipped in bis third and 13 
minutes from time Sharp 
punished the disorganized City 
defence with Everton’s fourth. 

Lineker, who scored three 
goals against Birmingham City 
tn August and repeated the feat 
in England's World Cup match 
against Turkey in October, has 
now scored 29 league and cup 
goals for bis dub this season. 


Dalger resigns 

Toohm (Renter) — Christian 
Dalger yesterday resigned as 
the manager of the French first 
division team, Toulon. Dalger, 
a former international forward 
who played in the 1978 World 
Cnp, had been dismissed by the 
Toulon president in December. 
However, bad results, i n c l udi ng 
a cap defeat by a non-league 
team, undermined his position 
again. The youth team coach, 
Paul Orsatti, replaces Dalger. 


Cup hopefuls should heed the Norwich ordeal 


Before those KA Cop fifth 
round teams and tbdr followers 
become embroiled in this 
weekend's ties they would do 
well to stop for just a second 
, and ensure that tbdr objectives 

* are in a healthy, spotting 
‘ perspective. An uupretentfow 
. second division watch at 

Curtnr Road on Satwday way 
help, reminding them of one of 
' last season's happier occasions. 
For one watch alone provided 
a better reason to remember 
1985 Han the c arnag e of 
1 Bradford and Brussels - foe 

- MHk Cap final or tbe Friendly 

* Final as it became known. 

: Norwich City receive Sande r- 

land, their opponents that day 
■ fest March, and to honour the 
occasion, which both sets of 
supporters and players afike 
made memorable by ■ their 
sporting behaviour, '■one 

reception will be held n 
Norwich tomorrow night- 
Ken Brown, the Jocnlar 

Norwich manager, personifies 
. the sort Of attitude winch was 
prevalent then and which foot- 
ball folk everywhere wtmld he 

- advised to follow. Any man who 
has Bred threagh web, ■» 

traumatic time as Brown has 
tost done and can still come on* 
g mfifn g must know the aecret fo 
eternal happiness — or he 
completely mad. In the ayewq 
12 B aths Brown experienced 

Si manner of emeCkma. First 
the dab's grandstan d was buret 

emergency offices ane « 
PWtaka btes for 
i rooms. Then they won 

the MHk Qv. 

Two months htoa&trj were 
relegated, then tainsii*l 
the re* of 
Europe- This season 
a major upheaval on the ta?* 
and, not gnrprfsfogly a ' 

ired start to /igondj gj* 811 ' 
Now they .bead foe rabte- 
What, the mod yew}? f 
Norwich 

had they done to deserve 

damnation last 

caDy, Norwich had qualified for 
a European 

UEFA Cop) ftwfo* to***”** 

their Wstory, bywounfl*^ 

Friendly Final. Three months 


later UEFA were to tor them 
with the same brash as less 
decently supported dribs, and 
ban them from Europe follow- 
ing Liverpool's riot m the 
Heysd Stadium hi Brands. 

For Brown the pmrishmeat 
had only just began. Quite 
apart from financial fossa 
Brown was food with player 
fosses. Watson and Woods both 
saw their - England careers 
threatened Ini a existence to 
tbe second dndsioa without foe 
wwtjMlitT of coanoundfmt a 
European ^otUght. Brace was 
also anxkms to get on. -East 
Anglia is a b ackwater at foe 
best of times but, fortunately. 
Bobby Robson, the England 
manager, bad made his own 
rep ar ation in this area and was 
able to pot tire players' minds 
at rest on that score. 

"They all a greed to give it a 
season . on the understanding 

tfot if things did not work oat 
we would consider 
them,” Brawn said, 
did not begin too 
.wonting only three of their font 
nine, league games in the 
second division. It Js fora that 
a t ntB tt f begins to question 
whether previous methods still 
apply. But Awing we-reaso« 
Norwich bad played toe Kuwait 
national ride, managed by 
ifrffo Bnrltinshaw. He had 
impressed .upon Brown the 
importance of keeping forth in 
®§Ssl footballing manners to Eft 
flwm above for less fin 
behaviour to be found at tbe 
second -"division table.. 
Boridushaw had. been relegated 
wltii Tottenham in 1977 only to 
bounce straight baric op the 
following season. “That adnee 
was a nn watf ag , " Brown. srniL 
He has hefttf the advice 
and ‘ beaefitted. Nflnrich/Oto- 
renfiy enjoy a six-point lead at 
foe Vod of the division and a 
14-potat margin over the third 
datTtimt nugfot tempt some 
people to pot tbe champagne on 
order now. Bnt Norwich know 
how dangerous it is to consume 
the bubbly too earty-fax the day. 
Brown- was also tj»M .mm 
advice last March. rest after. 

they won the MHk Cnp feaL 
He rece i ve d a letter from Scan 



Brown: the pride after the 
Caflfa, the manag er af Wohw- foe water, " he was able to joke 
Wanderers in their now. Even without Rad, 
MoutrtfieM, Sharp and Stevens 
it wns still hard fin Brown to 
bettevt that Evcstoa had tost 4- 
1. *T had rag ap Howard 
Kendall and he assured me that 
Evercen would do their best. 
Suddenly, the M0k Cup meant 
nothing;" Brown said. 

Norwich- went down with 
what Brown says was foe best 
record of any ride relegated 
from the first division, 49 
prints or 36 nsder foe pterions 
system iff scoring. Under that 
sld format Covestry would have 
bees relegated instead of Nor- 
wich but since Norwich had 
been favoured by the new 
Systran when gaining promotion 
in 1982 they could . hardly 


Cntfis warned 
eoapbeency. This is 
period when- h m ak es a 

-manager- or breaks hftj iMth 
wrote. If it did not - make 
Brown, at feast it dW not break 
him, not quite. 

Norwich had risen to half- 
way .fas the league when they 
wen at Wembley. They won 
forir next match, comddentafiy 
against Coventry, the team who 
sent foeoi down, bnt then won 
-Maly' two' iff their last 12 
fixtures. "I can't put my finger 
on what , went wrong," Brown 
satcU Tfce prospect of relegation 
was * tndkroos one almost np 
until the last moment when it 
became. a; frfahteahqt reality. 
Coventry needed to win their 
tost three matches to 
and ‘did so. They 
Everton, foe 
their last game on the monting 
of May 20 while Brown went 
for a walk with- hk wife and 
foelr .dog along foe Norfolk 

shore. 

"If Td known what was 
happening at"H%Ml»M Road 
Td bare taken a right turn into 


In that proterifoa year foefr 
chance seemed to have gone 
with a 2-1 defeat at 
HiDS borough in their final 
match. Afterwards Gerry 
Harrison, of Angfia Television, 
asked Brown to have a closer 
took . at the recording of the 
winning goaL “I ;cootd*1 be- 
lieve my eyes. There, leaping 
■p alongside Bannister as he 


beaded in the ball was a 
Wednesday supporter also try- 
ing to bead it in. 1 bad never 
noticed bita and neither had the 
referee." Before they amid 
contemplate a protest to foe 
league Le ic ester kindly lost, 
thereby ensuring Norwich 
promotion anyway. 

Over foe years Norwich, 
order both John Bond and 
Brown, have developed a knack 
for giving ageing players an 
extra lease of life which the 
local life assurance company 
ought to appreciate. Rftyle, 
Friers, O'Neill, Chanson and 
Hartford have all relished the 
opportunity to continue playing 
for high stakes without foe 
pressure. As a boons there are 
few more pleasant environ- 
ments in which to work than 
Norwich. The city said goodbye 
. to Channon and Hartford at foe 
end of last season. “I didn't 
think Chaimon conld stand foe 
rigours of tbe second division," 
Brown said. “Bat he's been 
proving me wrong at Ports- 
month. I wish he'd give me 
some of his tablets." 

Brown's ability to refuel 
amb ition seems to have worked 
again with David Williams, 
who three years ago at foe age 
of 28 became the youngest 
manager in tbe league when he 
took oa dual responsibili ti es at 
Bristol Rovers. Many managers 
knew iff Wfifiams' ability as a 
mid-field player hot doubted 
his desire. "His dying ambition 
is to play in foe first dreskm," 
Brown said. Brown likes to 
have one or two old beads in 
the side and Williams has cane 
blanche to change tactics on foe 
fidd as he sees fit. 

Watson, though, is still 
captain. “He'S a tremendous 
skipper. He always wants to 
learn and never takes 
liberties," Brown said. While 
the England mu agger has kept 
Us promise net to forget 
Watson and Woods by includ- 
ing them in recent squads 
(Woods played to foe second 
half of England's last inter- 
national to Egypt), Watson has 
not played tor England since 
foe Swath American tour last 
summer. "If I was England 


manager Watson would be the 
first player I'd have in my 
tesuiiv" said Brown. “People 
talk about foe ability of 
defenders on the ball but you've 
got to get the blasted thing 
first- He may not be stylish but 
he's as quick as Wright and be 
has no superior as a defender. 
Watson and Butcher would 
make a great dub pair but I 
thought Watson and Fenwick 
didn't do too badly together at 
international level last year." 
Of Woods, Brown said: "If 
Shilton is number one, he's 
number two. Not many goal- 
keepers work as hard at their 
profession as Woods does. He 
fluently comes in on days 
off." 

Other signings that Brown 
has made this season are Ian 
CoJver boose and Gary Brooke 
(from Tottenham Hotspur), 
Mick Phelan and Wayne 
Biggins (Burnley) and Kerin 
Diweli, who cost £165,000 
from Gffliugbaia and is foe 
dob's leading goal scorer. 
Brown did not. think that the 
team had missed out too much 
on foeir education because of 
relegation. "A season in the 
second won't do them any 
harm. They all either want to 
reach the first or get back 
there." 

The Screen Sport Super Cnp 
has given him an opportunity to 
assess tbdr ability and a 
victory over Everton and an 
outstanding first half at Old 
Trafford when tbe; outplayed 
Manchester United has done 
their confidence no harm. Thdr 
greater appetite for the com- 
petition has token them to the 
threshold of the final and 
ftnanriaUy they bare done far 
better than they probably would 
have done playing to Europe. 

With better fortune they wifi 

kick off next season back in the 

first division and in front of a 
new ilVt million stand. Brown, 
though, will not befiero it tsttO 
he is sitting in the stand 
watching Liverpool trotting out 
of the tunnel. And even thro he' 
will probably double-check 
Liverpool's status. 


Clive White 


BASKETBALL 

Gone are the 
days of the 
human basket 

There was a time when 
playing a game or basket b all in 
Britain was more akin to 
packing down with the Ponty- 
pool front row. Referees would 
blow their whistle and then 
scarper as the court was 
engulfed by a rugby-style free- 
for-all. 

Shortage of equipment often 
meant that two unfortunates 
would have to stand immobile 
on chairs at either end of the 
court with Lbeir arms stretched 
above their beads acting as 
human baskets. 

In tbe 1930’s, basketball's 
organization was chaotic, its 
appeal strictly limited and its 
future in tbe balance. In short, 
it was all a bit primitive. 

But as the English Basket 
Ball Association celebrate their 
golden jubilee this week, they 
can look proudly upon their 
role in moulding a sport which 
has captured major spectator 
interest, runs its own national 
league, attracts top overseas 
players and commands some 
£1 million in sponsorship. 

The association was set up 
on February 12, 1936, to 

spearhead a concerted British 
challenge at that year's Olym- 
pic Games. This was more than 
40 years after a group of 
American YMCA del eg ates had 
organized tbe first ever English 
game in the unlikely surround- 
ings of Margate beach. 

The association's formation 
marked the first serious efforts 
to co-ordinate competition and 
improve quality of 
performance, It was a difficult 
(ask. though it was eased after 
the Second World War by the 
presence in Britain of Ameri- 
can forces and Mormon 
missionaries. 

The year 1972 marked a 
turning point for the EBBA 
with the establishment of- the 
National Basketball League. A 
modest beginning saw six 
teams taking part. 

Today, there are nearly 70 in 
five leagues under the financial 
backing of the lager manufac- 
turers Carisberg. Tbe sport 
commands ever increasing me- 
dia interest. 

Tbe American influence re- 
mains strong - to the fount of, 
for example, Kingston's world- 
class player, Steve Bontrager — 
while home-grown talent hire 
Crystal Palace's England cap- 
tain Paul Stimpson has also 
established itself Such players 
are helping attract crowds of 
between 1,000 and 2,000 a 
game. 

Though the sport nominally 
retains its amateur status, the 
cash and organization involved 
give it many of the trappings of 
professionalism, while the skill 
and expertise on the court are a 
far cry from those rough-and- 
tumble encounters of 
basketball's difficult days of 
old. 


HOCKEY 

Loughborough 
gain final 

David Knott, converting a 
penalty stroke late in the 
second half enabled Lough- 
borough to defeat Birmingham 
2-1 at LilleshaO yesterday and 
qualify for the final of the 
Universities Athletic Union 
championship (Sydney Friskin 
writes). 

At half-time Loughborough 
led 1-0, Knott having put them 
in the lead with a well-taken 
goal from open pbry. Bir- 
mingham rallied and drew 
level through Mackerracber but 
Knott eventually bad the last 
word. 

The position in tbe other half 
of the draw has not yet 
resolved itself Exeter, the 
holders, will meet Southamp- 
ton in the semi-final next 
Tuesday. Yesterday, 
Southampton defeated Leeds 6- 
2 in the quarter-final. 


td 

ies 

bd 

or 

IS.. 

(**y 

th 

of 

an 

ftes 

jny 

fer 

is* 


FOR THE RECORD |ie 


BASKETBALL 


UM1ED STATES (NBA): Saonmonto KhM 

105. Boston CaMcs 100; Gotten State 

Wartors 137. Los Angeles Latere 113: New 

Jereev Nm 130. nem*8 Pistons 122: 
Oevenro Cavafiera 159. Mena Pacarc 97: 

Houston Rockets 113. Atlanta Hawks 10ft 

Dsees MavenckE 121. San Amono Spun 
107; Los Angeles cappers 120. Rmrex 
Sms lia wastwsjgon Striata 12*, Portland 
Tran Btaxare m SeaWe Supereoncs 105. 
Utah Jazz 92 


GOLF 


2. V 


LPGA HONEY WDMER5 

MaNK* 1. f ‘Sheehan. S3&0SS: 

Skinner. SW223; 3. A OttuHDD 

SSUB S 4. P Bnan. 

Pearson, 521*83. B. M . Spena»- 
£1.2*9: 7. J Mutter. WaxTk H 
fiajtZO: 9. S Palmar, *19298-, 10. _ 
11.1 Baton, SiWXW. 12. 
EDaneLSlSj#*: 13, B Thomas, 11923, 14 , 
L YCM10. 511,433: IS. S Panuta. *10968; 16, 
A Bant »,428: 17. P Ftaa S7.638: IB, J 
Gaddee. I7.S78. 19, S Oriitan. £7.211; 2a J 
StepMnson (Amt), 


ICE HOCKEY 


N0BTH AMeftCA: Madtwel Laanet tNHLfc 
Minnesota North Stans 4. Toronto 
Leafs 2; Edmonton Oiars 3. Detroit Rad 
WfifiQS 2: NY istendare 1. Vancouw 
Camueks 0; Cheap Back Hawks S, 
Boston Bruns 4; Harttanf Wtatare 4. SL 
Laua Bttes * (draw) 


TENNIS 


TELFORD: LTA 

tregniraant Hard rout G Conngl {Can)bt 
R vtgmastad (US) 7-6. 7« A Casw bt R 
byadlte M. 6-4: P Swraaon (Saw) bt D 
Mtasdorp (SAJ 7-fi, 3-6. 76. J Loddw (Nsrt 

M M ClTOtroen Pen} 6-3. 6-4. 


«J 

nts 

ted 

.94 


TODAY’S FIXTURES 


FOOTBALL 

7 JO unless stated 

FREIGHT ROVER TROPHY: Herttom 
aaetoro Bwniay v Oartnston: MoneMd 
Tom v Nuns County. 

FOOTBALL COMMATKM Postpon'd: 
Tooentotm v Southampton. 

AC oaco CUP: Onattap fl uH raptay: 
Uxbridge v Epsom and E**eu, 

LOHDOH SENIOR CUP: Second round; 
Wotongv Leyton Wingate. 
REPRESENTATIVE MATCH: 

Untvorefty v HtoJitn fat 

RUGBY LEAGUE 

foJC CUT CUP: First roend: Postponed: 
Ftotam v Barrow 

OTHER SPORT 
CURUNG; J ohnni e^ Wp Nar Scottish 

championships (at patWL 
SMOQKERi W«tSh championship (a 
AMrtttsry Lewie* Centra) 

SQUASH RACKETS Jd*M(9 trophy (at 
HeatRtott SRC) 


me 


i bn 


050 


c-a ^ r'HP c “ r*B >EL*» tfiB S **3 


22 


SPORT 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 1986 


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BOXING 


MeGuigan out 
to prove 
that he is the 
real McCoy 

From Srikumar Sen, Boxing Con-espondent, Dublin 
Barry MeGuigan will be Eastwood said. People want 


out to make it a night for the 
Irish to remember when he 
defends his World Boxing 
Association featherweight ti- 
tle against DanUo Cabrera, of 
the Dominican Republic, on 
Saturday 'in Dublin, accord- 
ing to B J Eastwood, 
MeGuigan *s manager. “His 
own people will see the real 
Barry MeGuigan for the first 
tune," Eastwood said. “It will 
be a totally different 
MeGuigan to the one 
everbody saw taking the 
world title from Eusebco 
Pedroza. He has improved so 
much and looks terrific. I just 
wish it could have been 
Azumah Nelson on Saturday 
and not Cabrera.” 

' Eastwood claimed that 
MeGuigan has learnt many 
more tricks from his Mexican 
and Panamanian sparring 
partners. “He is more diffi- 
cult to hit now and he has 
learnt, if necessary, to get on 
bis bicycle and, above all to 
relax.” 

Eastwood hopes that he 
has finally cured MeGuigan 
of bis habit of losing his 
patience when on the receiv- 
ing end for a little too long, 
and squaring up for a right 
Victor McLaglen. “You know 
he is going to do that when 
he starts dusting his gloves.” 
Eastwood said, “but I think 
he has learnt well and he will 
not have to follow Ken 
Buchanan's advice and shout, 
icebag! icebagf every time he 
starts looking like losing his 
cooL 

“It is just as well that Barry 
is in such good shape because 
Cabrera could be a better 
man than his original oppo- 
nent, Fernando Sosa, who 
was durable but did not have 
a great punch. This fellow has 
a good right hand.” 

McGuigan's next contest 
could be in New York, 


to see how well MeGuigan 
performs outside his own 
backyard. There have even 
been enquiries from Germa- 
ny. But Eastwood ruled out 
Azumah Nelson for the 
moment “Nelson is mo 
in the bank.” Eastwood s 
“Like property, the longer be 
stays there the more the 
value of the fight goes up. 
That fight will come, but not 
just yet.” 

It is curiously apt that the 
name of Nelson, - the World 
Boxing Council champion 
from Ghana, should come up 
just before this defence by 
MeGuigan. The last man to 
come in as a late substitute 
like Cabrera and distinguish 
himself was Nelson. With 
only 13 contests behind him, 
he took on the great Salvador 
Sanchez at two weeks’ notice 
and boxed him dose for 15 
rounds, going down in the 
last 

But MeGuigan parried all 
questions yesterday on the 
tough Ghanian and coun- 
tered with the verbal equiva- 
lent of the Ali shuffle; “If I 
said I’d beat him they’d say I 
was boasting. If I said I 
couldn’t beat him they’d say 
I was lying.” 

MeGuigan said he would 
not be caught unawares by a 
late substitute. “I have had 
sparring partners to match all 
styles and I am not unpre- 
pared. I know he stands like 
LaPorte and has a good 
punch.” 

Cabrera, on the other hand, 
reiterated with even more 
conviction on Tuesday that 
he would knock MeGuigan 
out. Showing a little irritation 
when asked how he would 
stand up to McGuigan's 
punch he replied, “Why do 
you ask me that? Why do you 
not ask me will MeGuigan be 
able to stand up to my 
punch?” 


Meeting of old rivals 


Two old rivals, Dennis 
Aiidries. of East London, and 
Keith Bristol of South Lon- 
don. meet for the third time 
when Andries defends his 
British light-heavyweight title 
at the Longford Crest Hotel 
near Heathrow tonight 
(Srikumar Sen writes). 

Andries won the earlier 
encounters, the first a defence 
of his Southern Area title, the 
second a final eliminator for 
the light-heavyweight 
championships. The outcome 
should be no different this 
time. Andries has grown 
considerably in confidence and 
ability since then, having spent 


last summer in American 
gyms. His controversial draw 
in the European championship 
bout against Alex Blanchard, of 
the Netherlands, together with 
the promise of a rematch, 
should lift the champion. 

•Mike Hutchinson, of the 
United States, will provide the 
opposition when Colin Jones 
returns to the ring in London 
on March 19 after a year-king 
absence (the Press Association 
writes). Jones, the former 
European writerwejgbT cham- 
pion. will appear in a Frank 
Warren bill at the Alexandra 
Palace alongside the middle- 
weight Tony Sibsoo. 


RUGBY UNION 

Harrison 
called 
in to face 
Scotland 

Rory Underwood, the 
Leicester wing, is out of 
England's Calcutta Cop match 
against Scotland at Munayfiek! 
on Saturday after foiling A 
fitness test on his injured ankle 
yesterday. His place is taken by 
Mike Harrison, of Wakefield, 
who wins his third cap. 
Harrison scored a try is bis 
two international appearances 
in New Zealand last June. 

Huw Davies, who had a 
simultaneous test with Under- 
wood, also on bis ankle, came 
through and will play at full 
back. 

Wales were forced to caned 
their scheduled training session 
id Cardiff yesterday because 
the pitch was frozen. The 
squad preparations, planned 
for Saturday's international 

against Ireland, were hit on 
Monday when the cold weather 
limited the players to light 
outdoor training and fitness 
work in the gymnasium. 

“The ground is bone-hard 
and we decided that if we could 
not bold a full team session on 
it it was better not to bother at 
all.” the Welsh Rugby Union 
coaching organiser, John 
Dawes, said. 

The team and replacements 
will now meet up in Cardiff 
before departing for Dublin 
this morning. They will train at 
Monkstown RFC this after- 
noon and again on tomorrow 
morning. 

Concern over deficiencies in 
the pack and lack of match 
practise in recent weeks has 
prompted the Welsh camp to 
ask for a set of forwards to 
work with at the Monkstown 
ground. 

None of the Welsh forwards 
on duty against Ireland this 
weekend were m action last 
Saturday because of the freeze 
and at Monday’s squad session 
the pack were shown a 20- 
minute video recording from 
the recent match against Scot- 
land which highlighted their 
baU-wmning deficiencies. 

“We've played two complete 
matches now and have never 
had five minutes in either 
where we have controlled the 
game” the Wales coach, Tony 
Gray. said. 

“What we are after is some 
control op front in particular so 
that we can play the game at 
our pace and the way we want 
to. We have already shown an 
improvement, and I expect 
further progress in this area 
against Ireland.” 



GOLF 


How Langer can 
drive away two 
taxing problems 

Ftorn John B&llantme, Honotala 


Coktough: just as motivated and enthusiastic as ever 

Marquis from England who 
hopes to slay the Scots 


Bernhard Langer enjoys two 
advantages by having travelled 
with his pregnant wife Vikld to 

the $500,000 Hawaiian Open, 
which begins today entire par- 
72, 6,881 -yard Waialae course. 
He has covered about one third 
of the way to Australia, where 
he win defend bis Masters title 
rest week and so wiB arrive 
down under this coining -week- 
end not quire so jet-lagged as 
pwiai. a yuaii but valuable 
edge in this dog-eat-dog world. 

And after leaving Hawaiian 
shores be - will thankfully, be 
saving on the meagre ration of 
121 days he is allowed to 
spend, courtesy of the Internal 
Revenue Service,, in the USA 
tins year in pursuit of the 
necessary aim of pleasing tour 
commissioner Deane D e man 
by playing in 15 tournaments 
or, like Severiano Ballesteros 
last year, risking the loss of his 
“card". Mrs Langer, who is 
“expecting” on July 14, is 
returning to Florida from here 
to resL 

“They count every day 
whenever I cross the bolder or 
land even for a few hours in 
America.” Langer said yes- 
terday. He flexed his muscles 
in the warm trade winds below 
the - extinct volcano 
Diamondbead. “So it will be 
nice to get away from that sort 
of pressure and that problem 
for a while.” 

Why doesn't Langer, who 
has an American wife and who 
is budding a borne in Boca 


TENNIS 


Bowring blow 
for Welsh 

Kevin Bowring could be 
sidelined for the rest of the 
season after sustaining two 
broken ribs in London Welsh's 
John Player Special CUp tie 
against Camborne last Sat- 
urday. The side’s captain. Clive 
Rees, later attacked the Cor- 
nish squad's tactics. He 
claimed that back row forward 
Bo wring, now ruled out of the 
quarter-final dash against hold- 
ers Bath, was stamped on and 
that fly half Colyn Price wm 
kicked after the final whistle. 
Price plays his second game 
after a three-month injury lay- 
off against Welsh Academicals 
at Old Deer Park on Sunday 
(2.30). 


Maurice Coldeqk the man 
knows as the “Mimpda 1 " be- 
cause of his Finch connec- 
tions, resembled more a 
Maquis freedom fighter, freshly 
returned from some covert 
night-time operation, his rough 
shirt soaked in sweat and m 
hair tousled. His boo 

teeth produced a lisp whfd 
sound ed incongruous coming 
from, an intinridating man 6ft 
Sin tall and weighing I7st 121b. 

Beneath his almost cherub- 
like curly hair, however, lie 
penetrative eyes which, along 
with his mind, are set firmly 
upon a succe ss f u l season with 
England. The word going out to 
everyone is “beware . The 
man's record speaks for itself. 
He was the cornerstone of 
England's 1900 grand slam 
winning pack. Motivated and 
enthusiastic, Coldough re- 
mains, even at 32, one of the 
most redoubtable opponents in 
the world game. Alas, last 
season saw his demise from tire 
international arena. He drifted 
away from England’s rugby 
world, disillusioned with a 
regime which had presided over 
one of the nation's most dismal 
eras. 

Cokhwgh bears a healthy 
disrespect for offirfaldoin of 
most loafs and is forthright in 
his condemnation of the toppled 
rulers of English rugby. “The 
difference between this regime 
and the previ ous one b that we 
are v «rking together, not being 
dictated to,” be says. 

“If we have a problem now, 
we talk to each other, we sit 


down and work it oat. That’s 
logicaL But it didn't happen 
before. There is now a liaison 
betweoi players and manage- 
ment which never existed 
before. And these days, yon 
must hare that to succeed. That 
is the way it works in every 
sport 

“I don't thhk we were 
treated like adults before. It 
was like having a chess master 
dictating how everyone should 
play she game. The new 
management has not only made 
it possible to eqjoy playing once 
again, hut also to win. For me, 
this is like winning my first cap 
again.” 

Cokkragb's message has per- 
vaded the ranks; it is by an 
means a solitary voice protest- 
ing at past trends. Most 
players who win face Scotland 
at Murrayfidd on Saturday 
concede a mixture of pleasure 
and surprise at the democratic 
nature of the new hierarch y . 
Mike Weston, the new chair- 
man of selectors, and Martin 
Green, the coach, are players' 
men to a for greater extent than 
the previous incumbents of 
their respective offices. 

By lus size alone, Coldoagia 
is an important figure hi the 
English camp, a leader n spurt 
if not in name. He says: 
“Things have been organized so 
well this time that it has been a 
fabulous bmW-np.” 

Ironically, a place on the 
projected lions* tear this sum- 
mer was the carrot which hoed 


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Coidoogh bade to the fray. 
Now that that visit has been 
cancelled, CoJdoogb is able to 
.concentrate exclusively on 
England's championship pros- 
pects. “Two factors are im- 
portant Ra gland have a lot of 
potential I have been im- 
pressed with the backs, and the 
pack is starting to come 
together. Bat the disadvantage 
is that it will take time for ns to 
settle down." 

Colclongh moved from 
Wasps to Swansea to enhance 
his prospects of an mter- 
return. Certainly his 
from both near and 
is massively hnpressive- 
John R ut h er ford, Scotland's, 
stand-off half, said after 
EnghUMTs victory over Wales 
last month: “Don't be too hard 
oa«he Weld fine out players. I 
can't see anybody getting ranch 
ball against the Fngifah fine 
out men this season."’ 

Coidoogh, with his jumping 
and support play, is an essen- 
tial ingredient of that depart- 
ment in the England side. He 
coooedes his move to Swansea 
has sharpened his play amt 
hardened bis physique. 

“With all fairness to Wasps, 
the difference between the chibs 
is that Wasps only play eight 
or nine matches all season of 
the type of hard games Swan- 
sea face twice a week. London 
rugby is as hard as the game in 
Wales when really top sides 
meet. The trouble is that it 
happens so infrequently-” 

Peter Bills 



to reign at 
restored Palace 


By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Tim Walsh, deputy general before 
forecasts that 


SQUASH RACKETS 


Plight of Priory pioneers 


The American Express Pre- 
mier Squash League was this 
week assured of its sponsorship 
base for the next three years, 
but ft may continue without 
the competitive presence of 
Edgbasion Priory, the Bir- 
mingham dub that was an 
founding member, 
ory have experienced 
problems throughout the sea- 
son, {ailing to ensure the 
regular presence of their con- 
tracted top Australian, Russ 
Thorne, losing their prime 
sponsor to bankruptcy and this 
week crashing to ignominious 
54) defeat at home to Squash 
Leicester when David Lloyd 
refused to play. The weekly 
bill often approaching 
for the five-man team. 
Priory have been fortunate in 
finding another sponsor, Istel 
the computer robot specialists, 
but the dub will almost 
certainly carry a hefty loss from 
the season. 

“It has been a difficult year," 
Rob Shay, the team manager 
and working professional said. 
“I believe strongly in tbe 
importance of the national 
league and our part in it. We 
are beginning to attract large 


By Colin McQmHan 

and reg ula r audiences. But 
there are people in the dub 
who resent the cost and 
certainly we cannot afford the 
sort of team disaster that 
occurred against Leicester." 

Shay says Lloyd refused to 
turn out for Tuesday's match 
in which be was scheduled to 
meet Stuart Davenport, the 
New Zealander to whom Lloyd 
lost comprehensively in Oman 
late last year. “We had a fill] 
house sold pretty much on tbe 
prospect of him playing Stuart. 
With David at first string we. 
had a very good chance of a 3-2 
victory in the lower order.’’ 

Lloyd was in supreme form 
Iasi season, collecting a dutch 
of top scalps on bis way to 
victory in the under-23 British 
Open. “This year he seems to 
lack motivation for the 
league.” Shay said. Similar 
negative domestic a t tit udes ap- 
peared to influence the young 
Shropshire player in November 
when he refused to play in the 
national championships at 
Bristol and thus disqualified 
himself from a certain place in 
the England team for the 
following world champion- 
ships. 


Tougher mentalities exist 
among Manchester Northern 
players, it seems. Geoff Wil- 
liams allowed Tdfiou Salisbury 
just three points in bis second 
outing after km* surgery. His 
team colleague. Adrian Chivies, 
took a little longer with his role 
in Manchester’s 5-0 win over 
Redwood Lodge, beating Phil 
Wickenden in five games, then 
announcing be would fight 
against his disqualification in a 
previous match against Can- 
nons Club. 

Davies was penalised a game 
when, 0-2 and 0-5 down to Neil 
Harvey, he left tbe court to be 
physically sick. He was off 
court for 90 seconds and 
referree John Robinson 
awarded the game, and thus the 
match, to Harvey on the 
grounds that the rules demand 
uninterrupted play. 

RESULTS. BUcto a lon Prtory Q, Squash 
Latoaosr sTftteichestar Northern 5. 
Redwood Lodge 0; Aufleigh Haft Z 
Clappet Aterton & Anntoy 1. NotSngf- 
ham a 

LEAGUE roSITlONB: 1. Ardtoy HaB (85): 
Z Choral Atenofl (59); 3, Cannons 
Club (56): 4. Manchester Northern (54k 
5. Noittnghem (53k 6. Edgbaston Priory 

Redwood Lodge 


Amtay 


10 . 


IN BRIEF 

South African 
tour plan 
splits Union 

Wellington (Reuter) — Va’ai 
Kolone, the Western Samoan 
Prime Minister, has caused a 
split among the country’s rugby 
union officials after asking 
them to scrap plans for a tour 
of South Africa in April 
Tupuola Efi, the Union presi- 
dent, said yesterday. Tupuola 
Efi. who is the South Pacific 
nation's deputy Prime Min- 
ister, said that tbe Union had 
met with Mr Va'ai on Tuesday 
but was still undecided on 
whether tbe tour should pro- 
ceed. 

Several administrators re- 
mained strongly in favour of 
the tour, which is scheduled for 
April and May. 

Scots name teams 

Scotland's badminton selec- 
tors have announced their 
teams to compete in the 
Thomas Cup men’s inter- 
national championship and in 
the liber Cup women's event, 
at Mulheixn, West Germany, 
from February 19 to 23. 

MOTS TEANb W GMtond. K MttBOfltos, 

Futon. A Gfijsoo. P Hamilton, A Nairn. 


manager, forecasts - that as a 
London sports centre tbe re- 
built Alexandra Palace at 
Wood Green “will knock 
Wembley Arena into a cocked 
hat”. For those young 
to have doubts about 
unfashionable metaphor — 
which refers to a residual, 
trian gular group of three nine- 
pins — ft represents Walsh's 
confidence that Wembley 
Arena will be second best by a 

wide mar gin 

Owned 

Council Alexandra Palace has 
twice been destroyed by fire 
but is bong renovated and will 
reopen in January. 1988. Walsh 
reckons sport wfl] be almost as 
important as the exhibitions 
the place will bouse. “Alexan- 
dra Palace is almost fully 
booked for the year from 
January. 1988,” he said. Indoor- 
athletics will return to London, 
and other sports featured in 
1988 will include, boating, 
gymnastics, table tennis ana 
tennis. 

Tbe Lawn Tennis . Associ- 
ation will celebrate its. pen-, 
tenary that year and has 
already reserved dates in 
March for a special event to 
mark the occasion. Three LTA 
officials wifi go to Alexandra 
Palace next month to examine 
the potential of the lay-out. 
The main arena, the Great 
Hall could accommodate 6.000 
spectators for a one-court 
tournament and tbe 
facilities include a second 
suitable for a practice court. 

Wcmbley is not yet in a 
position to respond to the 
challenge. The 70-acre complex 
was taken over last November 
by a consortium which is still 
settling down and 
possibilities. Minor improve- 
ments to tbe arena are already 
in hand, and the complex as a 
whole is large enough to 
encourage tbe new owners to 
think teg. Feasibility studies 
must precede major redevelop- 
ment and it may be five years 


plans for a mufti- 
indoor centre reach 


The annual Benson & - 
Hedges tennis tournament has - 
an ag ree me n t running until - 
1989 inclusive- The extension’ 
of Loudon's indoor facilities , 
for -big tennis tournaments - 
(and, indeed, a host of other . 
sports) will lead to healthy 
competition between tbe van- . 
pus Centres as they vie for the 
custom of this or that pro- 
moter. It would be no surprise. - 
for example, if the annual • 
women’s tournament at the* 
Brighton Centre, where the 
attendance for last October's 
finals was disappointing, even- 
tually moved to London. 

Other than Wembley and 
Brighton, tbe existing options 
include the Albert Han, per- 
haps Olympia and the National 
Exhibition Centre (Bir-^ 
mingham) and more- modest' 
arenas — designed primarily for 
players, rather than public — * 
such as Telford, Queen's Chib, 
and a wide range of tennis and 
multi-sports centres. Much de- 
pends on bow many spectators 
can reasonably be expected. . 

Thanks to the Peispex court, 
with four transparent walls, the., 
world squash championships to- 
be played in the autumn of 
1987 will provide two rare tests, 
for tbe game’s status as a- 
spectator sport. The individual, 
events will be played at the- 
NEC and the team champion- 
ship will be decided at dubs in 
tbe London area and ultimately 
(semi-final and final) at- the, 
Albert Hall * 

One way and another the late- 
1980s promise radical changes* 
in the promotion of indoor 
sport particularly in London. 

It remains to be.seeu how well 
— and how soon — Wembley’s 
new owners respond to the. 
challenge -thrown down by 
Alexandra Palace. Knocking a 
set. of ninepins into a cocked 
hat does not mean that the 
game is over. 


Lendl taken aback by 
the tenacity of Sadri 


The ‘miracle’ man of Tatters Field 


RUGBY LEAQUfi. 
DIARY 

KMfiMacMin 



Round about 430pm last 
Sunday, Rugby League follow- 
ers everywhere gasped with 
astonishment. News was filter- 
ing through from Doncaster 
that the tumble Dona, for years 
tbe chop pi ng Mocks or “rub- 
rags” of other teams, had 
beaten a first dtriswa dub. 
Salford, is the first round of 
the SOk Cat Challenge Cap. It 
was as If Hartfepeol United 
had dismissed Chelsea from the 
FA Cap, and nmd cries of 
startled surprise were many a 
load cheer. No offence was 
meant to Salford; it was merely 
the English lore of the under- 
dog coming to the fore. 

Doncaster's survival has been 
sonn* of wonderment in 


division games, atten- 
creeping up towards tbe 
1060 mark, and last Sunday's 
cap victory. To put icing on the 
cake, Doncaster have drawn the 
mighty Leeds in the second 
round and expect their biggest 
game for over a decade the 
weekend after next. 

Tom Morton, the long- 

suffering general at 

the aptly named Tatters Field 
ground, b emphatic in giving 
the credit to just one man, the 
hitherto unsung fwrh, John 
Sheridan. Morton declared his 


intentiua of waxing lyrical 
about Sheridan mad said: “Ev- 
ery first dirtriau sale and their 
directors will want to - kick 
themselves for having ignored 
the finest coach in the Rugby 
League bar none. How on earth 
John Sheridan was allowed to 
remain in the shadows, coach- 
tog reserves and colts, is a 

mystery.” 

Morton added that tbe gea- 
eral tendency to go for star 
payers on their retirement 
from playing tended to obscure 
specialist coaches like Sher- 



Wigan are pro 
players to the Great 
squad to play France in 
Sunday’s full international at 
Avignon (Keith MackJin 
writes l Hanley, Gill, Wane and 
Rooer are in the team which 
will start the game, with 
Edwards as back substitute mid 
Hampson as reserve to travel 
It is a strong Great Britain 
squad, although two forwards 
are unavailable, Grayshon with 
a rib injury and Goodway for 
personal reasons. There is only 

_ . i . _ - one new cap. Neil James, the 

transformation, Halifax forward who 
with the Dons beginning to wm forward substitute. 


Wigan get lion’s share 


(BEAT BRffADt M tata (WUnesfc D 
DmttMndlUtoh). tiL ScfaoOaU (Huq. E 
y.JfuppWiganl: A Mylar (Wjdhes). 


Rugby League. Their plight at 
the bottom of the second 
division, playing at a run-down 
stadium before a »<«"dfnl of 
spectators, was such that they 
became the subject of a 
downbeat television docu- 
mentary, Another Bloody Sun- 
day. This season has seen a 


is a 


D Fes FMhdrstone Rows); L 
fHu*Q. o WatktaMn DU K 
Roms}, S- Wm*. 1 Ps far (Maw), j 
FWdhoum (WOW). H «w* (Si 
HWmsJ. SabetUuua: 8 Edwards 
Wm* (HafWwJ. Rmaraas to 
tnprsfc S. Hampson (Wigan), <L OtKrty 
PW 

•Runcorn Higbficld have 
signed the Fulham Rugby 
league prop, Harold Henney. 
for an undisclosed sum. 
•Oldham's home game against 
Halifax <m Sunday will again 
be played on the Oldham 
Athletic football ground at 
Boundary Faric. 


•dan, who was a loyal second- 
row forward for Castieford 
without hitting beadHnre and 
then was oa the secondary 
coaching staff at Castieford and 
Leeds. He was snapped up by 
Doncaster early last season and 
this term his patient coaching 
methods and bib quiet sifting of 
good quality local players nr 
borne rich fruit. Morton mid 
that Leu Casey, the former 
Great Britain fonrard and now 
the coach at Wakefield Trinity, 
had toM him: “Only two men 
could work such a miracle. One 
is Peter Fox, formerly with 
Bradford Northern and now 
with Leeds, and the other is 
John Sheridan." 

Doncaster have hacked op 
Sheridan by scouring the local 
amateur leagues for the best 
talent and giving them their 
chance. 

Jafea' Barron, the Doncaster 
chairman, said: “Everybody , 
began to sit ap and rake notice 
when a few weeks age we were 
leading St Helens 12-10, and 
we were only beaten in tbe later 
stages of the game. John 
Sheridan has given us self- 
respect. and the respect of the 
town for tbe team. We expect i 
about .4,000 or 5.000 at the 
Leeds cap tie, and wo may even 
give Leeds as tog a surprise as > 
we gave 


Boca Raton, Florida — Ivan 
Lendl of Czechoslovakia, the 
world's top-ranked player, was 
an Am happy winner as he 
moved somewhat shakily into 
the second round . of the 
International Players' 
championships here. Pressed 
by the tenacity of John Sadri, 
an u nseed e d American, Lendl 
struggled to a 6-2/ 3-6, 7-6 
victory, taking the third-set tie- 
break 8-6 after squandering a 5- 
0 lead in the decider. 

In other matches John 
Lloyd, of Britain, beat Jay 
Lanidus, of the United States. 
6-3, 6-4. Peter Lcmdgren, of 
Sweden, the 25 th seed, beat 
Jeremy Bates, of Britain, 6-3, 6- 
0. 


RESULTS: lira's l togto i , lint roradrG 

tTWawaiara'S' 

H S Mies (tart 3-6. fl-V Tk B 
, Ausl KM Bauer (US) tUUt 
Mo«M&i> M CMszodn rawtaj, fra. 

g-Kg be FE tooal (Ma S-L 7-6, 6-1; K Curran 
( US) W M WOMSWiotm (Can)!g-4, frg; 6 

S%™*? (Cto) « J Amdano (Sp*. fra, 
fr3; R Acuna jCWte^bt P AnuKOnw 


(US). fr3, 4-4, 7-S; J Outwwrsscm ^ 

« RSaKUAnJ).7-S, fr& T Tutan* 

M S Gamnem <usL 7-5. 4 *. fra: _ 
Panatti fit) bt M va$a (Cj}, n. 7-flj M 


Robertson (SA) M 8 Testwnun . 

6. 6-3; I Land (Cztbt J Sadri (US), 

6. Wfc A Gomsz JEc) M E Sanchez . 
fr7. fra. 64; namnun (Swv) K 
Bates (BBj, fra, 6-ft im Sctnpsrs (NstM 
WJ Krtefc (US). 7-6. 4-8. 7-6; J Uo*iT 
1GB) « J Lapttis AW, frS. fr4; Y Noahl 

iffii? cod STfftS, tk, Sti” 

3. ' 

Wonrat stastoK PM rarad: C Barnett - ■ 
ffiab Dt ilfflmula (Jap). 7-S.5JE 
BurjpntUS) 6ts Mascarin (US). 3-6. 6-3. 

2 -&R K KjSsson (Bwe) t* T HoSaiqf ' 
oral fra. 5-7, 7-6; C JntesatoOwto)!* •• 
t Mochtqjfci (US) frZ fr4: K Bawwfca * 
fCaqWK Shorter (US). 46. 7* 6-4; KT 

3: P Hl4w l 5{ttortaJlW%' l u*l«lrolD'■ 
Owl 7-6. frt; c Reynolds (US WN 

[tomtom (Fr). fra frig U C Cteti* @ 

« J KEttti (USl 7-6. fr£o Van 
) Dt M L Purtak (US). 1-8. 7- 
IttCPDrwfcklWGg. 
main 

2-8. rec Kflmatf 
6-l.frfcC 
fr*,fr4;K 


»' VC? 


N v * 


Raton, simply dedare hraadf a 
resident and play here using an 
alien's “preen card”? “That 
wouldn't solve anything, for 
then Td be taxed as a residem.'* 
he answered. “That's okay for 
Peter Oostcrintis, who makes 
all bis money hero; but it's no 
good for me.” 

My stress is that “something 

will be wor ke d out",, as 
pragmatic Americans say. One 
ffp n g is that Mr Beman may 
hesitate to lower the number of 
tournaments foreigners must 
■ play from 15 to, say, 10 or !2 
because it might look as chough 
he is “giving m” to Ballesteros. 
I am sure in the end a way win 
be found to save face all round. 

In case readers had forgotten, 
the US toot* is basically about 
golf, not tax or Congressional 
politics, and there is a powerful 
fidd here with Mark O’Meara 
defending and Tom Watson 
and other leading players 
challenging. By this weekend' 
last season O'Meara had won 
at Pebble Beach and Waadac.- 
He has made a much Slower' 
start this time but he is playing, 
pretty well as his 566,000 prize 
money testifies. 

Nick Faldo, whose problems 
may have begun here last year 
when his divorce was an- 
nounced, is working doggedly 
at his “new” swing and may 
come good again on the huh 
mid-Pacific fairways and 
Ken Brown will also 
i to get back to his winning 
ways. 


i'Jii ‘ i 



W L Spota-Short (US). 6-a.4-S.6-L 
' fedek (US) bt A Smftfi (US). M. 

C Beniamin (US) M HuNa ' 

J MunM (SA) W M 
3: A Ivan (US) M J RussaR 
fr* M Master (Netty M A 

7-5, 6-3: O' 

J7-5. fra; 6 >0m 
. fr£ R 7 

• 1MI MtA. M, (Wfc K 

fit A Mntar (AusL 6-7. 6-3. fr*K- 
uomMrt fUS> bt P Shrrvw (U 

S-4:G StoaStf{Ara) t*B 

64, 8-2: A liouhon (US) M 
(Haft 7-6, fr7, 6-1 


SWIMMING 


No blunting Baumann 




Bonn (Rcrncr) - a year’s 
self-imposed absence from top. 
level competition (us done 
little to blunt Alex Baumann's 
appetite for success- 
The 2 1 -year-old a 

double Olympic champion and 
virtually invincible in foe 
individual medleys for several 
yeare. overcame his own 
doubts with two world-class 
inrnances at last weekend’s 
son international meeting 
Baumann's victories in the 


remarkable for a swimmer who 
has been out of action for SO ' 
long- ’ 7 

His outstanding return to the 
poof has re-established him as " ‘ 
hot favourite for this August’s 
world championships in Ma- 
arid, where he so badly wants 
to win gold. 

Baumann - has a string of ' 
Olympic, Pan-American and ' 
Commonwealth titles to. Iris - 
credit but he -has yet to be. 



4 






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200m and 400m medleys were - crowned world champion.- - 





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llffi TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 1 3 1 986 


CRICKET 


SPORT 


23 - 


England expose then- 
key players to real 
pace on the Test pitch 


was 
a 


Monday’s 

the . La 

followed on Tuesday 

long travelling delay, B 

pat things behind the dock 
“ere yesterday. It meant that 
ratner.thaa announcing a side 
for today's game against 

Ja maica , the En gland man - 

agement would say only that 
Smith, Willey and French 
*ill not be playix^ and so are 
not m the reckonmg for next 
week*® first Test match 
.Willey’s omission was not 
orarely predictable. ItfoUows 
«om it that the two specialist 
spinners, Edmonds « nd 
Embtrrey, may start the Test 
senes. If not, Thomas win 
probably be preferred to one 
of them. - 

. The need to give Downton 
a .game on the Test ground 
will '- leave Bench waiting 
mail, we have been here for 
nearly five weeks for his first 
match. He would have pt 
in - Antigua but for that 
bite. 

Had Gooch shown better 
form in the first two games 
he, too,- m igh t have been 
reaed today to give Smith 
another opportunity, but here 
again priority has been given 
to getting the key players into 
form -and exposing them to 
genuinely fast bowling on the 
Test pitch. As Gower put it, 
u We have got to ensure that 
our first-choice playcrs me in 
first-class nick”. 

Questional about the 
party’s attitude, in other 
words their dedication, the 
captain said that he thought 
“one or two people were not 
switched on as they should 
have been” in Antigua bid 
that others “need attach no 
blame to themselves . fix- 
getting out,” an obftpie 
reference to some unconvinc- 
ing -umpiring. “Wie lad a 
Problem of being sfightty 
relaxed,” he said^ adding that 
he would talk to certain of 
his players about this. He is 
pleased that five of the top 
six batsmen have all had 
some, time in. the midrib*- “It 
only needs Gower to join 
them now.” 


A fault in the plane’s air 
conditioning accounted for 
Tuesday’s late arrival Rather 
titan flying, as scheduled, 
from Antjgua to Kingston via 
San Juan, the team -bad to 
track bade to Trinidad, where 
the flight had originated, and 
change aircraft, Trinidad is 
■ where the trade unions are 
threatening to dose . the 
airport at the approach of the 
England cricketers. This time 
they * dipped m and out 
unobstructed, their ha ggay 
being handled. with dispatch, 
if. not exactly with a smile. 

At Sabina Park, where 
England play Jamaica today 
and West Indies next week, 
the fhcflfties have been much 
improved in the last few 
yens. The little cockpit in 
which Sandb am m*ri«» 325 in 
1929-30, Amiss 262 not out 
in 1973-74, Hutton 205 in 
1953-54 and Cowdrey came 
within three runs of making a 

CentQiy in «*rh iT^nrngg in 

19S9-d0, has grown to a 
modem stadium. Of the 
original ground, which . be- 
came a txnderlxn of excite- 
ment at Test match time, 
only the old pavilion re- 
mains. The pitch is also a 
modi less certain quantity 
than it used to be. Guyana 
were bowled out fin- 41 here 
recently and when Jamaica 
played the Leeward Irfawte 
soon afterwards Patterson, 
the new West Tnritan “pacer,” 
as they call them, dismissed 
Richards twice on the same 


day on what was said to be a 
lightaingly fast strip. If we 
are to have one of those for 
the Test match there is only 
one side it would favour and 
it is not En gland 
Sandham’s match provides 
a remarkable example of how 
the game has changed. Al- 
though a timeless Test, it had 
to be left drawn, 10 days after 
it- had started, so that the 
iwim could catch 
their hip home. Sandham 
was within a month or two of 
his fortieth birthday and 
Rhodes, vito bowled ‘44.5 
overs in the match fra: 39 
runs, was 52, having by that 


been playing Test cricket for 
nearly 32 years. 

Despite a first innings lead 
of 563 (849 to 28 6) England, 
captained by F, S. G. 
CaJtborpe, did not enforce 
die fouow-on. A Jamaican, 
Tommy Scott, bowled 105.2 
overs of log breaks in the 
match and conceded 374 
runs, and when West fad** 
went in a . second time, 
needing 835 to win. the 
greatest of all Jamaican 
cricketers, Geooge Headley, 
became the youngest batsman 
to score a Test double 
hundred. Of die 3,683 balls 
bowled in the match by 15 
players, 1 doubt whether half 
-.a dozen were bouncers. 
There, indeed, was a game 
“by the dwaftpee enchanted.” 

In the Jamaican today 
there will be three or four of 
the Island's best young bats- 
men, several of the old a 
having been dropped after a 
disppomting season. Of the 
fast bowlers, Patterson is 
being kept under wraps until 
the Test match but Hob 
and Walsh are in the 13. As 
captain. Holding is expected 
to {day. The last rime 
England came up against him 
on tour was m Tasmania 
three winters ago when, on a 
horrible pilch at Launceston, 
he hit Randall a fearful blow 
in the face; Holding could 
have put the whole Engl 
ride .into hospital had he 
wanted but to their most 
grateful relief he was careful 
not to. 

hi their last ™>rh for 
England here Gower mwfe 
154 not out, Gooch 153, 
Willey a fighting 67 and 
Downton a dogged 26 not oat 
in three and a quarter hours 
which helped En gland to save 
the day. That was at the end 
of a tour. It will be harder 
starting a series at Sabina 
Park, though a good perfor- 
mance against Jamaica would 
do' wonders for the ride’s 
confidence. What happens 
from now on, individually 
and collectively, wiQ really 
count. 



RACING 


Jockey Club keep Newnes 
waiting on ban appeal 


By JohnKarier 


Bitty Newnes, Che banned 26- 
]ONU Jockey and former 
stable tads’ bearing champ io n . 
is stiB awaiting the rentier on 
one of (he teogbest fights of his 
fife alter the Jockey Clab 
y esterd ay reserved tbesr de- 
rision on whether to restore Us 
Jksnee to ride. 

Newnes, who was banne d for 
three years on January 31, 
1984 when he admitted receiv- 
ing a bribe of £1,000 from foe 
gambler, Harry Bardaley, 
surely had every reason to hope 
for an HWtent reprieve w hen be 
attended the disciplinary in- 
quiry at P Ort man Sqaare yes- 
terday, together with Henry 
Candy, the trainer by whom be 
is retained, and Matthew Mo- 
Ooy, his solicitor. 

A ft erw ar ds, ho we ver , both 
Newnes and Candy, ahboogh 
expressing the msel ve s com- 
pletely satisfied with their 

“very fair hearing”, looked 
sn b rt u e d and di sa ppointed. “Its 
50-56**, Candy said. “They 
listened to e ve r ything we had to 
say and told as that they would 
muon Matthew McCloy when 
they re a che d a decision**. 

McOoy said that he had 
been led to believe the decision 
wfll be awcramcated to him at 
the end of the week or early 
next week. He added that be 
did not think that the Jockey 
Chtb could be accwsed of 
dragging their heels and fiat 
be assumed that yesterday's 
aw—lHw would quite rightly 
want to (Mssit Star John Astor, 
who chased the com mi tt e e of 
inquiry responsible for dedar- 
ing Newnes a disqualified 
person. 



Newnes arriving at the 
Jockey Club hearing 


Bardaley (who received a 15- 
year djsqnafiilcafiog) concern- 
mg the chance of Valuable 
Witness is the Queen’s Vase at 
Royal Ascot in Jose of that 
year. Newnes said that the 
horse had tittle chance on the 
firm ground and that be later 
found £1,000 on the back seat 
of his car when he returned to 
the car park. 

In view of the investigatioa’s 
foil we to net any really big 
fish, many fob that Newnds 
was made the whipping My 
when be confessed and was 
given the harshest sentence on 
a jockey for over 50 years. 

In 19S3 he nearly died when 
he had to be given the loss of 
life alter a feu out be gallops., 
Now, having paid Ids does fa 
foil, one can only hope fer- 
vently that Ida fight for bis 
professional life will be allowed! 
to sneoeed too. 


Be that as K may, it does 
seem extraordinary that 
Newnes - whose gaunt features 
looked even mote hag gai e d 

after his two years to the .. - # , . .• 

Hopes high for 

common criminal given a three- 
year jaO term conM reasonably 
expect to be parolled, granted 
good behaviom, after two years. 

And sandy the Jockey Clab 
have had ample time to 
consider the efr ewnsta n oes and 
to consult among themsel v es. 

Newnes *s ban arose out of 
al te gglio n s in The Sun news- 
paper in Aagnst 1983. The 
article alleged that 17 jockeys, 
fochirfing some top names, had 
been involved in me e fixing 
with the Derbyshire gambler, 

Barfsley. 

After an investigation by 
Racecourse Security Services, 
the Jockey Chib’s police force. 

Newnes received his ban for 
passing on information to* 


Fakenham 

The prospect of mefeg taking' 
place in thus country now looks' 
possible at Fakenham tomor- 
row. The clerk of the course, 
Pat Firth, said yesterday “We 
have a light co ve ting of snow 
on the course, bat no frost. An. 
inspection will take place to the- 
morning which we will probably 
cany over to Friday**. New-', 
castle have already abandoned 
their mee t ing for tomorrow, and ! 
there is tori* Am<v that the 
Saturday fixture wfil take 
plaee.Tomorrow's San down 
meeting toes been also lost to 
the weather. Today's remaining 
meeting at Taunton was called 
off due to frost. 


h 

!T) - 
ed fa 
fit) sc 
1 twe 
S col- 
tortfc- 
sL 

led a 
. but 
•epori 
70. A 
not tc 
; the 

ent is 

i on 

71 o! 

lageo 

eftist 

raifi- 

Pino- 

*o. 

news 

ngine 

other 

track 

tsiwn. 

: pas- 
ciries 

: dei 
other 
■odes 
route 

May, 
said 
Rack 
» had 

said 

jpar- 


Pococfc my seek on the block 


Captains get lone 
authority again 




Ftma Simon _ Wilde, Colombo 

En gland B and Sri . Lanka 
meet here today for- the -fifth: 
and final tine-day nsttcb of foe 
series. Sri Lanka already lead 3- 
T and me in an- unassailable 
position. England w31 be anx- 
ious - to .win. They : have' 
recorded only one Vaaonr in 
nine matches to date and are 
supposedly more adept at foe 
one-day gafoe. 

. Although Sri Lanka's great 
strength s certainly nor their 
bowling, foe proUem has been 
that no to ** ”* 1 * in the English 
party has yet dommatediL The 
eleven which England select 
will probably be chosen with 
an eye to the fourth four-day 
international, which starts on 
Sunday. 

Sri Lanka wfll be led by 
Madngalle. their Test batsman, 
as they were for the fourth one- 
day game. Also in their side 
wifi be Mahan ana, aged .19, 


Tests forBarnett 

Km Barnett, Eagtend B-vire- 
atpteto, has began la have 
Mae# tests aad x-nys hi akft 
to diagnose . * mystery' rims 
which . fared Us prematme 
retom from tire tom of Sri 
leaks. Barnett, who last two 
stone in weight on foe taacc, tom 
dttd a senio r p atb oto 
at foe NaffieM hospital in 


who hassofor scored 174 mm 
in the one-day series without 
being out. Sn Lanka will be 
approaching this game, as they 
have aB the others agsmst 
BagUnd B, as pr qi aia t i on for 
the forthcoming tour by Paki- 
stan, which begins on February 
19. 

Sri. Lanka were beaten 24) in 
Pakistan during a recent Test 
series but they are confident 
they can reverse that result in 


therr own country. They have 
benefited from selecting their 
own B side for the matches 
against ' England. ~ 

Today’s game wfll be played 
at foe. nondescript CC grotmd, 
which has never before staged a 
match of importance, owing to 
its lack of stands. England 
practised at ife nuinnr nets 
there, which ane modelled rat 
foe ones at Lord’s and . cost 
nearly ’ 2 mfltion rup ee s ' to 
build, on foe first day of the 
tonr. Despite Sri Lanka's recent 
progress m Test cricket, those 
nets are the rally ones in the 
country. 

ENGLAND jtwrt W N Stack M o 
MamCWJtoKMCj Mctwtas 
tap*** C L Smith, b W Rwxiat. 8J 
tewou. D R Prtntfo, T M Tiwrion. H 0 
8 Cook, O V Lmnncv. N 0 Cowam, J P 

S&MjbaCA: AM* EM. OSBP 
Kumnu. S WimmUMBUnya. ft S 

iresusnp’iissssS 

mresri. S K Ramstafoa. *C H Antmo. 
K Kmjppuinc&chi- 


TENNIS 


Castle reaches 
semi-finals 


it til ken J — _ — 

i* , fU birthday, pot « 

K , I # \ ■ 111 ^ Drysdale, of Essex, 

V* ^ the .quanerrfinals t 

r “ ... Ptovidina to: CC 


ief* 


Andrew Castle, firm Somer- 
set. yesterday became the first 
British player to reach the 
semi-finals of the' five-week 
series of the LTA men's indoor 
Satellite Tournament. Castle, 
who was celebrating his 2 2 n d 
birthday, pot out Robin 
Drysdale, of Essex, 6-2, 6-4, in 
the . quarter-finals at TdfonL- 
Providing Ik continues his 
rqp of wmi, Ctasife. will be 
assured of a place in the fin al 
week of the circuit at the 
Masters’ tournament in Croy- 
don in two weeks’ time. He 
meets a .qualifier. Grant 
Connell, from Canada, for a 
place in the finals. The other 
semi- final 'will be between the 
fourth seed, Peter Sven* 
ofSweden. and Jan Lodder, 
foe Netherlands. 


ATHLETICS 

Sharpe goes 
on gold trail 


Darid Sharpe has ended a9 
Specatafoi mi dedded to go 
Ser grid it fob month's 
Empm Indoor- rttempton- 
ships 800m. Stove Cram’s 
talented Jormr A Hehbcra 
training partner had amMati 
te a ming dawn a . place - fa 
Britain's toma to compete ia 
Madrid m Veknmj 22-23 and 
frntesd cmatoata os fob 

■ 1 Wsrtd JaHior 

After a meetbg wift 
Hedky, Us coach, Sb e rp e 
decided fo duOmgt for the 
gold medeL “We have had 
end thonghb^! Hadley said. 

fttafc, deep' down, David 
wanted to an sad I dbt want 
to deprive am of the chance to 

i Em epc — 

at JR” 


MOTOR RACING 

Just like his 
big brother 

Paul Warwick, aged 17. the 
younger brother of Derek 
Wanvkk, foe Grand Prix 
driver, makes his racing debut 
at Brands Hatch on March 2, 
18 days after passing his 
driving test. Rani, who won the 
National Soperstost champion- 
ship at foe age of 15. is widely 
tipped to fallow Ins brother 
into Form ala One. Yesterday 
he immediately confirmed Ins 
entry at foe M2S celebration 
meeting at Brands Hatch m the 
opening roond of foe Dunlop- 
Autosport Star of Tomorrow 
Formula Ford 1600 champion- 
ship. . ; — 

He has catered his brand 
new Van Diemen under Derek 
Warwick Racing bat is still 
searching for spraisorship in his 
bad to win national titles. 


Behind Pat Pooock’s appotot- 
Somy captain lbs a 
new acceptaace by committee 
that the mb is a ran ■■■ 
Jeb. A modern trend for a 
to stand at 
foe captofo'k sbowkter has 
for sao- 

More than one c e w nl y b 
resteritag foe captain’s 
tradidaBal, hme aafoerity. 

Already fob winter Kent 
have dedded to let Chris 
Cowdrey ran Us awn ship. 
Brian Lnckhnnt has been 
move d to ether ** rannw 
la Sanity's case Pececk ac- 
quires a greater mvafrement 
b ec au se at a d erfri na to widen 
Mickey Stewart’s feriefi From 
m a nagrr he has hern made foe 
ceHty’a fat dfaactor af cricket, 
with a. ms w dst e.to d evel op foe 
at all levels. 


Stewart, evidently, wffl be 




been in cricket during his own 
long c a reer . “Colm said that 
pbyen thought mere about the 
game and I feel this is mare 
tree la foe 1980s than ever 
before. We train harder, too. 

“ffsfnara are undoubtedly 
stronger and I do not suppose 
England have ever had men 
Kke Botham, Gooch, Gutting 
and Lamb, who hare hit the 
ball so hard.” 

Facade coacedes Emburey’s 
s tains as the world's best aff- 
spinner and rdaefandy admits 
Us own Test career b probably 
finished. “There b always 
hope, though, and Titians was 
recalled at 42.” Pocock was 21 
when be won hb first cap on 
the 1967-68 tom to foe West 
Indies after Tftaras lost four 
toes in a beating aeddatat ' 
IBingmjrth’s emraae n ce as 
En^aad captafo and later a 
s d ec to rial habfe of looking for 


Utile different,” 


x san. 
shall he 


wanted fob cvra foeugh it wffl 
he my neck oa foe Stock.” 

Poick wever hid hb htBaga 
ahoat captaincy from Stewart 
and they explain what hap- 
pened last summer. Pscack led 
Sarny early oa ia Howarth’s 
ab sence but was soea asked to 
stea d down and Jesty teak 
charge. Now Focod'i 
me HEmat hi the 

Pocock, whose oncer began 
in 1964, played malar Stewart 
ia hb find afna seas o ns sad 
regards ldm as the hast captria 
ha has served. “Mike Brearley 
was a fine c a ptain , Tony Lewb 


for 
a briBbat 



“Butl 
Stewart. 


nothing to help him became a 
regular Test ■ player. 
Illingworth, Greig, Cope. 
Titian*, Mfller, Hmnhp and 
Marks were bQ called to the 
cala mi as Pbeocfc moved from 
29 to 37, a period when he left 
he bowled as wefi as at any 
time in hb Ife. Emburey's 
nspeasSou as a South African 
rebel eventually helped Pocock 
to return for England two 
i ago after 86 Teat 
had gone fry. The story 
that Gower apologized to 
for not bowfeag him 
late afternoon and re- 
ceived the reply: “It doesn’t 
matter skipper when you hare 
already waited right years.” 

Pocock e c tm u ed against the 
West ladles and was the only 
fa^M n s u to spaa the gap 
between faring Griffith and 
Hall b the 60s and Marshall 
and Garner ta the 80s. Hie 


Inflicted “pairs” 

... . - . ,. Pocock ta two s u ccessi ve Tests. 

irt^k^mTA! Hb wry hmw emerged again 

wicket keeper.” .. 

-PhMafr mm nff ■iifimir mlm Zm lOCQCX- S3 I JDgul 

riTul ^ tiu*rTZrS? ■ ImsrewmdworKrtitostoMs 

sa2W s sss? 

SII IMih W* in 1*^ r ^ t , tiiTi a ■ * LLm 

i sc siner retocBUjen ana 


it b a positive 
asset to have a csptola who wfll 
he in twse with hb fellow 


He secs foe hardest part of a 
cou nt y captato’s Job as g e tti ng 
the best friHm the tema over the 
fall, five-month season, 
lot l v atiag them whew foty 
are tired or not defog wefl.” 

He agreed with Celia 
Cowdrey, who was oner asked 
what the b i gges t change had 


to save the 1967-68 
Ri g hmH by piHllfl g2 
to get off the mark in 
foe Georgetown Test. Pocock 
feeb he has several more years 
ia the game. “I've berried shoot 
110,000 balls so fin* from a no 
of three and a half paces and I 
do not take much out of 
myself.” 

Richard Streeton 


tar.v 


YACHTING; FUN-LOVING CRASNIANSKI IS HOPING FOR INSTANT SUCCESS 




-jtt-rat- 


Lucas makes 

light of 
race rivals 


Frenchman’s $11 million Kiss of life 


ritton Boxy Pickthafl, Perth 


A - ^ • 

; .J 
W - - . -■ 

I*""-'' 

r>r^\ 


■H *-’• 


r y ^ 




:*■ -« r*r'- 

-l 

■> rt- 

J 

; 

. • Ji ‘ ’ 


*_ ~- 

Ixi 

pi- - 

a*- 1 '’ 




- Perth — Australia B. the Ben 
" — - Lexceu-designed wondotmat 
• " V &^Sl^3Ainerica’s Cup, 

showed foe bt«t 

' ffecij rMe have ap.Ac Mte f heel 
when h comes to racing in light 
weathee. by perfennwg * ta- 
- rizon job on foe 14-nrong fleet 
in' yesterday’s fourth race for 
. ' foe 12 -metre wM -damm* 
*' ship in BtonaatJe <Bany 
' -FkktfaaO writesl ' 

Revelling in the 6-10 taarf 
- variable winds, skippra- Gonion 
* , Lucas and his crew aboard the 

Bond . syndicate’s Americas 


The with foe 

smile on his free at foe' 12- 
metre world Championship be- 
ing run this week off 

Fremantle, Australia, is S on 
Crasmanski, the 42-jear-old rat 
3m son of a Russian emigre 
whose company, the Kiss' 
Group, is backing Marc Pajofs 
French Kiss' America’s Dip 
camp aign to' foe tune of $.11 
nuSioiL - 

Not only has ho had ihe 
international , jury endorse the 
somewhat tongue-in-cheek 
name -of his .challenger, setting 
a precedent foat drives a coach 


doser link to a sponsor's name 
or product. . . 

The Kiss name b an ac- 
ronym for Key Instant Service, 
the- company started by the; 
jovial fMmiimdi 23 years ago 
while he was studying for a 
degree in unclear physics at 
Geneva University. After los- 
ing his keys on the campu s, the 
10 days it took to obtain 
‘ him to 
a. machine that would 
copies within mimnes. 
first of these, set np in a 
hardwa re store in Geneva, 
proved sw* a success flat 
Craariansfci. dedded to defer 


-*::k 


^betSSTboat W from ^^*^£lYRUV 

SS to finifo. j inffi?8 ^ «** S£ 26 ^52 5SSe°SS£° n 

His iafetaation vnfo 



*r— 


aW “■ 


Fantastic” S 

Chris Dtcksoo. aged 24. the 
youngest stopper m the 

'*K8UUK*1. Aakab 8 fB t amft ^ 


names in fob expensive yes 
Corinthian -sport, bat be has 
seen her win one-tace. proving 
the compefoiveness of this 
highly original design. . 

Casniansta in si s t s that bis 
’ yacht's somewhat cheeky name 
represents nothing more timn a 
^ but others . here ore 
convinced that .. foe . 'name 
smad^ of advertising and that 
the jury's decirion .win lead to. 
other groups grvuig names to machines, 
their yacbte that -foovidev a ' - The colourful 


aB 

things- “instant” has coloured 
every business venture since, 
for the Kiss Group based .in 
France, which now ‘generates : 
an annual turnover in excess of 
SI\ bflfion, produces instant 
colour printing machines, heel 
repair, bars, one-hour colour 


whose motto “Kiss me quick” 
has become a catchphrase 
around the world, had neither 
sailed nor sponsored sporting 
projects before. But one look at 
the results of a conuubrioned 
survey showed him that the 
America's Cup held a greater 
interest for the public than 

football 0T motor racing, 

particularly in the Padfie and 
North America. 

It was another survey, (bis 
lime carried out in America, 
that put the name “French 
Kiss? ahead of “Sea Kiss” and 
“Sweet Kiss” “I dedded that 
after so many serious yeans we 
should bring a bit of ton to the 
sport,” Crasnianski said, 
explainiK perhaps the name of 
the syndicate's support boat 
“Kiss Me Tender” and beli- 
oopier “Kiss Me Chopper”. 

. while the French bead takes 
personal . control of -this 
syndicate's finances and chic 
image, the stopper. Marc Rsgot, 
remains very much in control 


photo processing laboratories, , of foe challenge, ft was be who 

csponsiole 


jumbo, poster printing equip- 
ment add colour photocopying 

Fr en c hma n, 


was responsible for bringing 
together the designer. Phibppe 
Brand, with the . research 
engineers at plane makers 


Dassault and the Bench Space 
Research Centre to produce a 
competitive boat using com- 
puter analysis rather than 
traditional tank testing facil- 
ities. 

ft was Pajot again who 
masterminded the research 
programme developed be t ween 
the sail-maker, Luc Gdluseau, 
foe space centre Brodrier 
Espace and the Nautical in- 
dustry and Architecture Re- 
search Centre to produce their 
own sailcloth and distinctive 
computer-designed sails. 

*Tttt an innovator, not a 
copier,” Crasnianski proclaims. 
Three years ego Atm Bond 
showed the same instincts and 
won the cap hut is now 
continuing down the same 
technological path while others, 
including the . British and Den- 
nis 0)000*5 Sail America 
syndicates, are. like the French, 
exploring fresh avenues, utiliz- 
ing the latest aerospace knowl- 
edge and research expertise. It 
Is for this reason that 
Crasnianski is convinced that 
the Australians win have to 
kiss foe cup goodbye this time 
next year. 


Over The 
Last to 
come In 
first 

From otzr Irish Racing 
Correspondent 

The Red Mills sponsored 
Trial Chase at Gowran Park 
tii piql out to be a fiasco last 
year with Dnimlaigan being 
opposed by two moderate 
rivals with the bookmakers 
refusing to bet on the outcome. 
That race has snrvived but 
without a sponsor this time 
round and it looks to be a 
much more competitive contest 
this afternoon^ 

Motor On was one of the 
better Irish novice chasers a 
year ago while going back still 
further Smarlside was a useful 
handicapper in bis younger 
days. 

On this occasion, though, 
victory could go to one of the 
less e x p er i e nced competitors. 
Over The Last. He is trained 
by the former champion jump 
jockey Tommy Carbeny and 
last season be finished 3rd to 
Asir and Sheer Gold ia the Sun 
Alliance Hurdle at Chehen-. 
ham. 

First time out over fences he 
won in good style by 6 lengths 
from Deep South but the 
stewards inquired into his 
running next time out when he 
trailed in a never dangerous 
fourth to Sound Judgement in 
the Draper Manorial Novice 
Chase at Fairytaouse. 

The explanation tendered by 
Carbeny and jockey Niall 
Madden was that as be had run 
too freely on his previous 
outings the new instructions 
were to settle him in behind. 
Madden appeared to take these 
new tactics rather too literally 
bat the stewards were content 
on that occasion ”10 note the 
explanation”. 

I am sure he win he up a 
good deal doser this time 

Boost for 
Herbert 
United 

From Cfttf Irish Raring 
Correspondent 

The American owned Cham- 
pion Hurdle long-shot Herbert 
United comfortably beat off 
Docbas to justify 2- 1 
favouritism in the Black Bush 
Ulster Champion Trial Hurdle 
at Down Royal yesterday 
afternoon. 

Bracks Pigeon made most of 
foe running box between the 
third last and second last 
hurdle Herbert United and 
MiDer HiD came through to 
challenge for the lead. The 
effort of Miller HiD proved 
disappointingly short-lived and 
Herbert United having shaken 
him off had enough in band to 
bold subsequent challenges by 
Docbas and a forma’ Triumph 
Hurdle winner Northers 
Game. 

Herbert United is trained by 
Des McDonagh, best known in 
Britain as foe handler of a 
former champion hurdler 
Monksfidd. He said: “This was 
a nice effort as it was Herbert 
United’s first race since 
November ami proved to me 
once again that he is a spring 
spedahsi” 

Half an boor later BobsKnc, 
virtually unbackaMe, had little 
more than an exercise school 
over fences 10 win the 
Hillsborough Chase very easily 
from foe Grand National entry 
Dramlargsn. 

Down Royal is a right 
handed course and Bobsline is 
much better soiced when they 
race left handed. He was a 
Caller in last year's Queen 
Mother Two mile Champion 
Chase at Cheltenham, but the 
Irish punters will certainly 
make him favourite again to 
recover their money next 
month. 


GOWRAN PARK 


GOING: soft 


2j 0 CALLAN MAIDEN HURDLE ( 4-Y-0:£96&2m If) { 20 runners) 

F Berry . 
P Leech 


1 

Z 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 
S 

10 

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310- HENOMCK M J Grassicfc 11 0 

024- GAY RHAPSODY N Meade 11 0~ 
000- GOOD TIDINGS ALT Moora 11 
00 BOOUMG R Wotati 10 9. 


DREAMY QENT N T Chance 10 9. 

00- DUNDALK DELLS F Rood 10 9 

toO EDMOND JOHN J J CaMJ 10 9 

0 KEN0MC0 P Hughes 10 9 

020- LORD OARA A Moon 10 9 

00 PLANXTY BIWN M F Morris 10 9. 

004 RAMX)M HOPE P nosed ID S 

OO ARDCRESS J J IfcUOUff*! 10 9. 
(03 ASK THE BOSS M Bromt 10 9_, 


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003 GARLAND oF ROSES M A OToota 10 9. 

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009- POTTLERATH T W Nfctofcon 10 9_ 

ooo TXKTTE A Kennedy 10 9 

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004 SVOLfCH N S McGrath 10 9. 


0 VITELLE (-M J McNamara 10 9 

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9-4 Gey Rhapsody. 3-t Garland ot Roses. 5-1 Good TteSnm 7-1 Ask the Boss, 8- 
Handnck, lOI Dundak bate. 12-1 Swfcft . TxUdts. 16-1 others. 


230 RED HULLS TRIAL HURDLE (E3.450-.2in 10(13) 


1 

2 

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120 ALKEPA J P Kavflnagti 6 11 9- 


201 D£B> IDOL p D Osborne 6 11 9 

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Barrow HRs Boy. VM taw l w r Qrovu, 12-1 (stand bridge. Afcapa.14-1 PoMtta , 
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21P- MOTOR ON M Brew 8 12 2 to 0 T Conroy {7): 


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00/3 SMMTSBDE E P Hartv 11 fc 0 M M Lynch 

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BM C HAMPAGNE BRIGADE T Kruno 7 11 9 

OOO CHERRYTOWN N G Pierce 8 11 9 

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OOO JACK AND JILL C G CTDonoran 8 11 9. 

4-12 KNKtKTS MAO B MsfcXW 8 11 9 

DIO MOCK TUDOR M Hoorigan 7 11 9 

30F PAUPERS SON P MuBns 9 11 9 

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3 30 GOWRAN HANDICAP HURDLE (£1 ,0352m If) (20) 

001 BARNA BEAUTY CeptDG Swan 7 11 0(7taex) M OtvefaR (17) 

p/oi UMOSia J M Kennedy 7 11 0 (7 ® ex) Ben Nolan (7) 

F/4-1 LUCKY GOLD ALT Moore 9 11 13 T J Twite 

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3-10 UVJO BEtnun M F Monte 5 10 7 T Ctamody 

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P-00 JAKE BARNES P MuMlS 11 10 6. 
240 MLDOBCET J M Kerrady 7 10 6. 


040 CLOVER HUX LAD P Hughes 4 10 4. 

4-32 WONOBWUL ANA W Deacon 7 10 3 T Kbwne jure 

00-1 LUOFERS WAY TC Conroy 7 10 1 (7 B> ax) Mr DT Conroy© 
0 / 0-0 ROLANDS SONG W J Marita 12 10 1 Mr M Hyland P) 

3- PO ALDBtWOOD ROAD A J McNamara 7 10 0— D B Sheridan 

KWJ ALL GR EY E P Harty 5 9 12 J McCutcheon 

03V KWG BUFFER M Neman 6 9 12 F Berry 

03 0 LEVTSET M Bow 7 9 12 

O-P-O BASEMENT F Warren S 9 10 

00-0 LOUGH EAGLE J J Mtatah 7 9 10 

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net. 10-1 wonderful Ana, 12-1 IMdwood . Ctover HN Lad. 20-1 othere. 


441 PAULSTOWN HANDICAP CHASE (£1104'2m 40(14) ! 

1-22 OLYMRAN PfUNCESS P D Osborne 9 11 13 N Madden 

PM DOME P tottra 8 11 7- R O Donovan 

MM PROUD SOUROMA P MiriErs 10 11 1 A Muons 


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2- 10 SH ORT R ATE M F Monrte 8 10 3 
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200 AHDOOSTA P Burke 8 9 7-. 
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9- AUGKRMRMI D OXSttft 11 10__ — Mr R OXsetfe 

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00- sum VEW LADY A J Keene 11 10 

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- 24 


■ r* “■ ■ y i r w r * -,*“ r.*m ,# f^r ^ I * 1 


THE 



February 13, 1986 


managing director 
I was bemoaning the de- 
X ' I stnictiveoess and disut- 
» 1 M terest of his employees, 
who would apparently 
; maltreat even the most robust 

• piece of machinery, no. matter 
; row dear the operating instrac- 

• turns. It was obvious that be 
; thought they were pretty dumsy.. 
- We were talking in his office 

overlooking the works car park, 

• and, as the signal sounded for the 
end of work, we watched these 
Supposed idiots engage in an 
elaborate interaction of delicate 
manoeuvres including the co- 
ordination of brain, eyes, hands 
and feet 

^They were driving their cars 
Out of the car park without 
crashing into one another — 
which they managed to perfec- 
tion. When I pointed out the 
discrepancy between what we 
were watching and what he had 
been saying, he was not pleased. 
To his credit, be did later laugh 
■ ruefully about it, having recog- 
nized that he bad a rather 
different problem with their 
motivation and performance 
than he had thought. 

< His original view was not 
pnusual, for it is a popular fallacy 
to believe that British people are 
not notably talented and do not 
have a strong inclination to work. 
Were this but true, we should 
have a much better excuse for 
dur middling economic and 
social performance. 

- The fact is that there is great 
scope for tapping people's re- 
sourceful ness and encouraging 
them to give more of their soils 
to their work activities. Poor 


motivation ami performance are 
often the responsibility of those 
who do, could or should manage 
that encouragement, as much of 
the shortfall is avoidable. 

There are four key ways of 
doting the gap: 

• Developing people's skills 

• Making use of people's skin* 


There is great 
scope for tapping 
resourcefulness 


• Helping people to understand 

• Developing people's confi- 


• Developing people’s confi- 
dence. 

None of these is peculiarly 
difficult Every one of them 
requires a sustained commit- 
ment 


Developing people's skills. Rele- 
vant skills are vital. Indeed, they 
are the key to all our future 
success, as a nation and as job- 
holders and job-seekers. A com- 
bination of automation and 
Third World wage rates had 
ended the days when we could 
use people as relatively unthink- 
ing assembly machines. 

The need for industries to abut 
huge cities in order to obtain a 
large workforce has diminished. 
Many enterprising people have 
moved (nit to staff the new 
activities in more buoyant towns. 
Hence the main economic prob- 
lem of the inner cities, where 
those who remain have a poor 
chance of attracting employers 
unless a massive effort is made to 
upgrade their skills. 


and bringing out 
people’s skills, 
says Tony Eccles 



Despite these discouragements, 
the will to work remains strong. 


the wul to work remains strong. 
In the North-East or on 
Merseyside any serious whisper 
of jobs in the offing at a firm and 
the likely response is a jammed 
switchboard and a queue right 
round the block. Given their 


meagre job prospects it is a 
wonder that more people have 
not given up the struggle. 

The days of mass manufactur- 
ing employment may not return 
even when our oil reserves 
dwindle, as the need will be for 
skilled process controllers and 
equipment technicians. It follows 
that the key to employability — 
both in manufacturing and ser- 
vice industries — will be the skills 
of these workers. 

Enterprising trade unions have 
recognized this and are focusing 
on developing their members 1 ’ 
skills to keep them abreast of 
modern technologies. Similarly, 
employers are liaising with edu- 
cational institutions m order to 
produce more of the intricate 
skills which advanced organiza- 
tions now require. The plain feet 
of the matter, however, is that, 
despite the efforts of countless 
agencies, we appear to be grossly 
underinvesting in the develop- 
ment of skills for the present, let 
alone for the future. 


Making use of people's ridBs. 
This is also vitaL Just think of 
the average British scheme for 
considering ideas for change at 
work which are put forward by 
employees. Then note a figure 
given, to some senior managers 
by an ex-staff member from our 
Tokyo embassy. Hitachi's 80,000 
employees, he told them, produce 
4.1S milli on ideas for improve^ 
ments a year — an average of one 
idea per employee per week. 


firms in Britain could confidently 
have their supervisors cope with 
such a pressure from beneath for 
product and process improve- 
ments? . ’ 

* Sadly, enough priority is rarely 
put into tapping people's existing 
insights and. expertise. Yet we 
have been wafted. Japan's 
Matsushita ha&defmedthe differ- 
ence between western manage- 
ments and . themselves as a 
western commitment to getting 
ideas out of the heads of bosses 
into the heads of workers, 
compared with putting together 
die intellectual resources of all 
the firm’s employees. 

Quite apart from the value of 
the blight ideas, the very act of 
riiBruiip™E every proposal serious- 
ly would contribute to 
employees’ understanding of 
what is, and is not, feasible. 


The stunned silence which 
followed was broken by objec- 
tions. The ideas perhaps were not 
good, were duplicated, were 
impractical, management ha*) 
already thought of them, some 
were only put forward by an 
employee to look good — as 
though that were to be criticized. 
Yet no matter bow you slice that 
number it remains pretty impres- 
sive, and the sting is in the taiL 
Those ideas could be handled 
only at the level of first-tine 
m a nag e m ent, tire supervisors, so 
great is the number. How many 


Helping people to * understand. 
People’s expertise and interest 
can be channelled into more 
productive paths if only they 
understand the context of the 
work. 

Despite the effort which nas 
been going into communications 
inside organizations, tire lack of 
understanding of business imper- 
atives remains worrying. Even at 
middle management level quite 
basic concepts of business fi- 
nance or competitive strategy are 
often poorly understood. 

The situation further down the 
organization is usually bleak, 
particuiaily if the communica- 
tions process is. limited to the 
occasional anodyne video or to 
company sentiments so carefully 
filleted to avoid creating reaction 
that they create tittle but bore- 


dom fogeari. it is not easy to 
wwwm tmiente really weO and it 
certainly demands sustained ef- 
fort. possibly in. the to 1 of 
initially discouraging feedback. 

Organizations which \do_ com- 
municate weO seem 10 do it by a 
near-obsessional focus on 
straightforward goals such as 
quality, speed,' cleanliness or 
customer service — dot wrapped 
up in generalized vacuities or. 
obscured by abstract operating 
ratios. Without authentic infor- 
mation, people cannot make an 
informed judgment and, ■ until 
they can feel confident in their 
judgment, they are unlikely -to - 
become .deeply involved. - 

Dei«dopiiig people’s confidence. It 
is the essence of good leadership 
that peopte should not only be 
confident in the leaders' abilities 
but in feor own. A good leader 
helps his or her -associates to 
grow, views them optimistically 
and seeks to nurture them and 
help them to become stronger. 
The leader does that by meeting 
two needs. There is a need for 
transactional leadership, that is, 
the leader providing benefits in 
exchange for the followers*, 
perhaps. calculating. Support 

In addition, there is the. need 
for transforming leadership 
where the leader arouses and 


s people's emotions at a 

level of commitment beyond 
mere calculation. This, at its bat, 
can be inspiring. The. skill ties 
not just in espousing a nnsstan, a 
set of worthwhile, principled 
goals, but in empowering others 
to take effective charge of more 
than they believed they could 
handle. It means devolving 


power and responsibi lity, M tt 
clutching them to the" 

Such spreading of responsibu- 
jjy is vital because we need 
resourcefulness and enterpnse at 
every level, as we strive to 
enhance the , compet ence of our 
organizations. As Warren Bonus 
reminds us in his new book* 1 , h is 
a myth to think that le ad ership 
exists only at ibe wp of tbe 
organization. There can be hup- . 
dreds of leadership r oles in afl 
organization, not an permanent 
Fostering such leadership *■ 
cMUb both for the neariyt 
autonomous technical experts 
and also for those presently 
buried down in die organization, 
coold liberate the latent energies - 
of people to a degree normally 
tapped only in crises. - 

We cannot just focus on one - 
particular type or level of * 
employee if we are to raise the 
competence of organizations rig- “ 
nificancly. Galvanizing our eoon- - 
omy and our society requires that " 
firms enhance the capabilities of 
less skilled, less confident, less 
secure staff as much as they now 
have to entreat with, and cosset, * 
the higbly-skiDed, often scarce; ; 
mobile and employable experts. . 

We hav& taken on board foe I 
idea that skin development and - 
retraining are crucial to people’s • 
competence, What we have to " 
improve rs our translation of that 
idea into practice. 


Tony Ecdes is Professor cf ■ 
Business Policy at the London 1 
Business School and Director of - 
ffawkshead Communications ‘ 


•Leaders: The strategic* for miring 
charge. Beards A Motto, Harper A. 
Row 1985- 


Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 


Graduate Engineers and Scientists 
including 1986 Finalists 

Train to Safegiiaixl Health 

a 1 I 

man Advanced 


Tedudogkal Enviraiment 


The Ministry of Defence is a leader in safeguarding 
the health of its workforce at their workplace. With the 
ever increasing complexity of defence technology this 
calls for expertise of the highest calibre. 


As a Trainee Health Physicist or Safety Specialist you 
will build on the knowledge you acquired during your 
degree course by learning to develop and implement 
a wide variety of technological protection services for 
establishments and units where the work programmes 
involve ionising and non-ionising radiations, radioactive 
materials or nuclear facilities. The areas in which you will 
become involved range from safety management and 
advising on safe operating procedures, to managing com- 
prehensive radiological protection services and helping to 
develop protection technology generally. The broad scope 
of your muln-disdplinary projects will provide you with 
every opportunity to broaden your experience and develop 
your skills. Also the supervised naming course you follow 
for your first 2 yean of service, including die 3 months 
advanced course in radiologica] protection at the Royal 
Naval College, Greenwich, allows you to attain a post- 
graduate Diploma on successful completion of training. 


Opportunities exist at HM Naval Bases, Devonporr 
and ftasyth; the Defence Radiological Protection Services, 
Alvezstokr, AWRE Aldermaston and at other MOD 
establishments. 

Applications are invited from men and women who 
have, or expea to obtain in 1986, a degree (preferably with 
first or second dass honours) in engineering, physics, 
chemistry m athema t ics, pore, applied or environmental 
science, or biology 

Starting salary will be in die range £7245 - £8020, 
according to experience. Salaries up to £1365 higher in 
London. Promotion prospects. There axe special allowances 
depending on type of work and location. Significant 
im prov ements in pay scales will cake place over the neat 
4 years - in addition to normal annual pay increases. 

For further details and an application form (to be 
returned by 7 March 1986) write to Gvil Service 
Commission, Akncou Link, Basingstoke, Hants RG21 
1JB, or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 (answering 
service operates outside office hours). 

Please quote refe T/6753. 

Hie Civil Service is an equal oppor t uni ty employer 


Ministry of Defence 


H? 


Commercial Manager 


International Contract Law 


£ 16 -£ 20,000 


As part of a highly successful, major industrial 
group, and with an international reputation for 
process plant technology, my Client has the volume 
of worldwide contracts to challenge a legally 
trained Commercial Manager Drafting contracts 
and advising aU areas of the company this exacting 
post provides personal development and major 
commercial challenge. 

Responsible for drafting turnkey FOB and OF 
rantrads ensuring my Gienfs security in the face 
of international financial trends and events, you will 
also work doseiy with our Sales team advising them 
of pertinent business and commercial practices. 
Similarly you will liaise with the Financial Director 
on export finana'ng considerations, and with the 
Purchasing Manager regarding necessary legal 
documentation for subcontract arrangement. 

To meet the demands of this position it is HMy 
that you have legal training to degree standard 


and can demonstrate a thorough understanding 
of international contract law. A background with 
a chemical engineering or process contractor wilt 
prove an advantage. 

Mdu will enjoy an exciting commercial existence 
with my Client, and good prospects in their parent 
organisation. Our rewards package can 
accommodate a professional education with 
a minimum level of experience up to a seasoned 
professional, and could warrant a company car. 

Ybucan pursue this offer by telephoning 
David Wbolf for a confidential discussion, or send 
full career details to him at: 

Juniper Wbolf Consulting Partners, 

. 22 New Goncordia Wharf, 

St Saviours Dock, 

Mill Street. 

London SE1 2BB. 

Tel: 01-231 7275. 


JUNIPER-roa 



— Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 


[ 3 O 0 APPOINTMENTS 


EAST MIDLANDS 


Nottingham 
£1 2,857 — £17/429* 
(Salary Iran 1st March 1986) 


The East Midlands is growing in impor tai ice arid influence, &nd our 
East Midlands Reporter will be a key member of a regional news 
aid current affairs team, providing enhanced coverage of this area 
Primarily contributing to regional television pragrafrimes,youvviD 
also be reporting regularly on network . lewsprogrammes. 
Essentially, we lookfor sound journalistic experience— a 

reporter who teinvestfgative, who can deuelopidaas and 

suggestions, who can work quickly, and accurately, under 
pressure. A currertcfrWnglktetxtewaa^beesaentiA Previous 
television or ,edio experience, and a keen interest In the region, 
would be advantageous. (Re£7153rn 


BBC ESSEX 


Weshafl be going on aklatorthisyear, and wete now recruiting the 
Station's programme team. Thisisan exciting opportunity totielp 
make asucoess of the BBC’s newest radiostation in achaJienging 
part of the country, where competition on the airwaves is strong. 

Our mainstudbs are in Chelmsford butstaffwilf also be based 
inColchest^-SouttiettdandHarlow. • .-ji - 

There are three categories of production staff: .. . 


PRODUCERS 

£9,909 — £13^420* 


t-iesponsiDie ror prep®mg and presenmg programmes ffiaDSSthe 
whde range of output We are looking for candfaates with a souxl 
education, an inventive mind and broad interests. Broadcasting 
experienoeisan advantage and you will need to have substantial 
presentation ability to meet the high standards the Station requiiesL 


popular music wS be an advantage. On the news side, asound 
grounding injoumalismis essentiaL There wffi be aproducer 
specialising in sports output, and afurther one for producing 
programmesof a broadly educational nature. 

News Produce*® (Ref. 9206/T), 

Sports Producer (Ref. 9207/7), Education Producer (Ret 92087T 


ASSISTANTS 

£7,488— £10,125" 


Tohtelp prepare and presem programmes VVearekroking far 
enthusiastic and able aH-rounders with a real feel for radio and wide 
interests. You must have a good educational standard and be able 
to operate technical equipment Broadcasting experience would 
be an advantage. (Ref. 9210/7) 


REPORTERS 

£8£20— £10,125** 


To cover the whole range of local news stories, live oron tape. You 
should have at least two years’ newspaper journalism behindyou, 

orstilabtequalifkjatiprte fa broadcast (Ref. 9209/1) 


AB staff must be abte to woric calmly under pressureaspat of a 
smafltBam. A good mterophone voice and a current driving 
Bcence are essexrtiaL Hours of duty for production staff are 


scheduled to provide cover throughout the hours when the 
station teon toe ate Thtewffl mean evertina and weekend wo 


station toon toe ate This wlU mean everting and weekend work. 
.Contracts may be offered. 

- SSfSS? 1 5? a PP° inted ton Mondays 30 June, which wU be 
toefirstday ofa seven week treating course. 


We are art equal 
opportunities employer 


*PtusaflQMancea(E971 pjL •• 

"PfusaBowmceof £569 pjL 
Relocation expenses considered for permanent posts- 








f 


Secretary 

TO DIRECTORS 


UP TO £10,000 P. A. WATERLOO 


Fund-raising for the 
University of Edinburgh 


3ns an independent private sector company which 
provides permanent and long term capital to companies of ■ 
“ sizes, we have a rare opportunity for a Secretary to work 
for two ofour Directors at pleasant offices clow to Waterloo 
Station. 


The University is looking for a DIRECTOR OF DE- 
VELOPMENT al the head of its Appeals Office to ' 
continue and expand its successful fund-raising pro- 
grammes among industry and commerce, trusts and 
foundations, alumni ana other individual donors. 
The appoimnra na Hedy to be made for three years in 
the first instance within a eatery range of o£l3,000 
£18.500, though special arrangements • including the 
possibility of an appointment under secondment - may 
be considered. 

if yoo fed you have foe experience, energy and com- 
mitment for this challenging senior post atone of ibe 
hading universities in Britain, contact the Personnel 
Office. University Edinburgh. 63 South Bridge. Edin- 
burgh EH I 1 LS. (TeL 03! 556 2930V in confidence, for 
further details of the post. Please quote reference no. 
404tt 

The dosing date for applications will be 7tfa March 
1986. 


applicant is likdy to be between 
24-35 and educated to ‘A level standard, with sound 

and experience, including excellent 

shorthand. You should be a good organiser and possess 

excellent communication ski Ik - • 

In addition to die salary, we offer a large range of 
Refits inducting free lunches, non-contributory pension 
scheme and concessionary mortgage • 

facilities. * v. : . 

Interested? Please contact Ann Goldie 
on 01-928 7K22 for an application form. S* SfU 

Investors in Industry pic. . 

VI Waterloo Hood. London SE1 HXK &:■ 


BllSHR- 

Senior I- 


1 z 

s" 


i- \ » T 


U.i 


' Dl \ 



I Mainj 


D,;.. a 






ISnct „ 

H*.,::.' “ ir - 

» ?%stoi J0K 






SEARCH & SELECTION RECRUITMENT ADVERTISING 


The creative use of money 








flits s ! 

«jr Ja..’ 
fawwa-*'!; : 
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eats 


Marketing Director 

London £40, 00C 

c '‘ e ? c . is P 81 ^ of a major group and is in the 
front of me technological revolution. It expects 
to make a significant impact on a wide range of 

usmess and consumer markets within the next five 
years. 

As Marketing Director you will propose to the 
ward strategies to maximise the company’s 
potential for profitable growth, and implement 
Through your staff plans which will be as creative as 
they are practical. 

i w *^ already be operating at or near board 

level in a marketing led company, with a record of 
success in innovation, diversification or new 
product introduction. 

Please write in confidence to EH Simpson, 

ST497, at II Gough Square, London 
hC4A 3DE (telephone 01-583 3911). 

Chetwvnd 

Streets 


SALES ASSISTANT 

EnituKusair. Anrrecor. c.i 
wblr awttani to hrtp nir» 
son rumitftknH (tfnmswfi 
ji UOoftj lnu-itwi in im* 
nor drnrdUon „na mail 
experience prrtwrid 

\pphrai. 4 THi to 

"Shvam Abuja” 

iUnti, IteCMH Street, 
Landau. Wl. 
PbaiMO 01-734 1234 
(aaL2337> 



1986 -YOUR 
CRUCIAL YEAR? 

Changing your career* 
Finding employment? 
Taking vital e warns? 

NOW IS THE TIME a cotuuh 
in tar win imumm ami 
Bsiiaatt Frw fautmre 

tftA CAREER AKM.YET5 

_ _ — SOGwucrsU-rPUc* W! 
••• 01-334 5«M )2« lOTl 


TRAINEE BROKER 
WEST END 

Appnraiions arr miilra For 
l fv aboi r poulKtn whirti run 
nm rnulM wHnin lor LK's 
iradiro ort>VKra«)r 
Tin- «urrrtWul jpptiranl will 
W dore 3Sr*. ol tnuri ap 
pr.iroiH'r with al MSI 2 
i«an work ramnwnc 
Full training and excrllrnl 
promotion pmueris nvakr 
inn an run lino Barkov 

Id: Mike B)r Bl -429 8504 



ment Services Division, whic$L 
maintenance of our bu$jaes& 
sultants 
are now see 
activity y^bgat 
Of grad 




zwmmw 




iKh-i 1 «1 i Wrey ; i .• :*» 1 ]±i*2 ilh. 

» <t *nyT7jj 


have experience of 
one and two years’ 
k to it^®dye productivity 


■! fit f 

PTtnVi* • 

^ ^ |T : . v' r u , * ■ 

?i!¥ W¥ .S*.^u 

rr»fl',:i,:.'i * . • * j -i 7 ^' ►* • : ' ■ ' i 







■>1 


INTERNATIONAL 
SPORTS 
MANAGEMENT 
Sak* Oivbidn 

« F. *C« 19 - 24 tiUM. 

Trrf- rouniri'N UsMin* 
MIMIIIIinM CwHOTMT Nil» 
mUnli al IN' l K ». i«wv 
MWin. riinl. Hi i«Mn« li.M 

pxiid ih wupt Imih in 
cViwii LMWon isu win b* 
pn\MH itKiinm m 
tr-nnino rcirountm -ra r«v 
iJi‘ (•» ol i^rnis iu,-n n 
Vi wwooii and Oovqt \vrl 
lrt.lim nimtv iv Id.OJO riuiia 
W Ui COO Min nw <imi v iv 
J7W an nmiinrir rornnvo^iun 
uMI add t JO OOO 
Lil OOO id aiiiWkll 

hum Mat C*aU*v *k 
0 I 4 W 7722 . ai-ftta * 771 . 


INTERNATIONAL 
SPORTS 
MANAGEMENT 
Sates OlvIsNHi 

m r Ac* 19 - M juumcl 
Tw rountrv'i Madina 

«4 Cwipwam rm 

Diunn mi iiw l k 1 ' minor 

MW.ll. rfnB n fe&Mlwir. .-« 
IMin ill um Mm Bawd in 
Crniral LwdkHi. i» mil w 
VIIIHH pniMr kinhlm la 

mduxi rniHHinir. and run 
uii'.rv M rvndk met. n 
to unWnron ana Rm-af 4wm 
Initial uun n ta Q00 nuna 
m CO no Mflrr l hr iirtl vr« 
mim an rvmlrni mmmkwkion 
■i.i«n will and CIOOOO 
Cl 5 000 Id aiknuMi ramrod 


REINSURANCE BROKER/DIRECTOR 

For 

LLOYDS BROKERS 

Satan 10 £50.000 per annum 

Our prirvcttwits an mo i4tamkMH4 and hkiMv mnaabia mdrurnd^nt Un ds B toVjik Hausr 
at* serkinn it) aoooin: a Mwi Marne Rnmuranro Broker Prooucrr to ttHHr Board Tiw 
apbmntrr inouha tun c had a niupon of yrara aom-tenra broking a Non Marino Troatv- 
and Ucm lom actouri in tne Llo.ai and Compaiu' Mark MS and hair Uw supoon and 
rOMUJonci* ol ail loading Cntriwnlm. 

He. &ho «AquM <m srtl nouvattng. ARiMtious, have a ploasul outgoing povwnMitv and 
lusii liUHtard* of Diasmns ottun 

A Mgn saur> ana bom-fitt tufLago aro«niK«AM basod upon tne eat. vxomtmn. ability 
and outtneu coniwcnom of pir seiKted aphiicani Aar rangr open 
For a wncrii ronficenoal discussion ui mprer of LhK first class appoinlmeM. phrase 
contact ouoong m S7pBB :■ 

Tre*or James, FECL 
Chairman, 

insBnuKC Personnel SeteettuB LuL. 

Uo>ds Ateose House. 

6. Uo>ds A »cbuc. 

Loadwu EC3N 3ES. 

Telepbooe: 01-481 Bill. 




ACCOUNTANTS 

BOOKKEEPERS 

FOR THL vr.nv HCST 
7 TMPOR- 4 RY 
A'iSIGVUCSTS 
OR PbRM 4 WAMT 
APPOIN.TMr-.TV 

CALL Ol 4 WJ kMI 

HAW TAM FOBCE LTD. 
ita NEW SONO tntfZT 


OPEN LATE TWMSOAT 


WINE BAR 
WAITER /ESS 

Onr ol tnr L'KT m winr 

nor irMauranbi rrautnv 
wmiItt tv, lo irOuild Him 
vlfSkiir klaiwut Icrridai- 
lunrhiiRtr dnlv Sam* M 
mnv work. Oui-tfXBQ 
Brfwmalilk a muM Ptroar 
wnir mil, B»inq pTmuh 1 no 


Mr T M Wair. 

Im Wkw Van M b ua. 
to Bow CUntrot. 
iHdHlOHIM 


HAMPSHIRE CONSTABULARY 

Assistant 
Chief Constable 


Applications are invited from suitably qualified Officers for a post of 
Assistant Chief Constable in tne Hampshire Constabulary which will 
shortly become vacant 

Salary £26,730 per annum A maximum limit rent allowance of up to 
£3,312 per annum is payable, also a car allowance. Removal expenses 
will be reimbursed in accordance with Police Regulations. 

The appointment is subject to the Police Act 1964, the Police 
Regulations and to such other conditions of service as may from time to 
time be adopted. Forms ci application may be obtained from the 
undersigned, to be returned not later than 28th February 1986. 

Interviews a*e being arranged for Friday 1 1th April 1986. 

A. R. Hodgson, Clerk to tire Hampshire Poice Authority, 

The Castle, Winchester, Hampshire. SQ23 6UJ. Telephone: 
Winchester (0962) 54411 ext. 235. 


GENERAL MANAGER 

Cambridge Division — Salary £33,441 
Norwich Division — Salary £32 ,178 

Following the promotion of the current postholders. Anglian Water invites 






Norwich Divisions. The successful applicants will lead teams engaged in 
the efficient management of all functions within the respective Divisions. 
Cambridge Division is responsible far the hydrological cycle in an area 
exceeding 8,500 sq.km. , with 1,281 km. of rivers and 91 km. of sea 
defences. The Division supplies 300m litres of water a day’ to a population 
in excess of 1 million. The Division has 1,450 employees and an annual 
budget of approximately £62 m. The Divisional HQ, where the post is 
based, is in Cambridge. 

Norwich Division is responsible for the hydrological cycle in an area • 
exceeding 5,000 sq.km. , with 1,374 km. of rivers and 470 km. of sea 
defences. The Division supplies over 150m litres of water a day to a 
population of 700,000. The Division has 800 employees and ah annual 
budget of approximately £40m. The Divisional HQ is in Norwich. 
Applicants should be suitably qualified and have Senior Management 
experience. 

The Gond itions of Service of the Joint National Council for Water Industry 
Chief and Senior Officers apply to the appointments. An Anglian Whter car 
scheme also applies to these posts and relocation allowances are payable in 
appropriate cases. 

Application farms and further details can be obtained from the Chief 
Manpower Adviser quoting Reference TMl. (Telephone Huntingdon 
(0480) 56181 Ext. 2277) at the address below, to whom completed forms 
should be returned by the 6th March, 1986. 

ANGLIAN WATER 

Ambury Road , Huntingdon, Cambs FE18 6NZ 


Bzobeth Hunt 


CHEQUE THIS OUT 

£9,500 

a presitgious Wl investment bank seeks a senwi. 
secretary to their general manager He is ke&n to 
1 utilise you as very muen an assistant and Heads a 
I calm, wen organised person with a stable Senior level 
backgiound. Beautiful ollices. 90/60 skills needed. 

SECRETARY/ADMINISTRATOR 

£8,500 

interested in marketing and do you have b flair tor 
administration'* Then icnn bus Wt investment compa- 
ny as assistant to tnew marketing manager- Only 60° <. 
secretarial and no shorthand needed SO wpm typing 
ability and previous w p er.p needed 

FEBRUARY FRAGRANCE 

£8,000 neg 

Join this very famous cosm^nc and fragrance rtouse 
as Se-cteiaryipA to their promotions manager Tins 
posmpn 15 highly administrative you should k’vy, 
working under pressure anfl be very career rr.mcee 
90/50 skills needed, a knowledge o: French useful pu» ■ 
not essential j 


.01-240 3551 . 01-240 5531/3511 

Efizdbeth Hunt Recruitment Consultants 




DIRECTOR OF 
RESEARCH 

Fisher Dillistone is a first 
division firm of headhunters with 
three partners and an excellent 
reputation, particularly for the 
quality of our research. We are a 
hard working but informal and 
friendly office located in Berkeley 
Square. 

Our present Director of g 

Research is leaving us for personal J 
reasons at the end of March. We 
regard this appointment almost as 
part of the partnership group with 
full responsibility for the logistics 
of the practice. The primary respon- 
sibility is for management of the 
research function with direct 
involvement in assignment work. 

We believe that four years of 
experience with research work is 
an absolute minimum. Ideally we 
would like to talk to established 
professionals currently earning 
£25,000 and upwards. However, 
we would not rule out more junior 
researchers with high potential who 
may be earning considerably less. 
Please telephone David Dillistone 
on 01 493 8910 (office hours! or 
0 1 720 59 1 4 (weekends evening 1 - ; . U 

KBmaawwaaMsmnmasMHnts;^ 


BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT 
MANAGER 

A new position in the London office of an 
indusiria I/com mercial property company, to 
spearhead the marketing ot the Company ser- 
vices throughout the UK. 

The successful applicant win join a small team 
of professionals and will be responsible for 
expanding the business by the introduction 
and development of new- clients together with 
the further development of existing clients. 

Qualifications: a mature, professional manner, 
and several yean experience gained in a 
sales/markcting environment - preferably in 
London. (Experience in appraisal business" not 
expected.) Occasional travel to USA. Excellent 
remuneration package including company car 
will be offered to the successful candidate. 

Please contact: 

Roy Stockton. MD. 01 734 8466. 

CV's to: 

Stockton Associates. Recruitment Specialists. 
2y Glasshouse Street. London Wl. 



==? Anglian Water 


Mainframe Systems Developm ent 

Data Administration 

Information Centre 


¥ 

PI 



The chance to develop 
an influential career 
withamajor US Bank 

Packages to £20K 



Morgan Guaranty is one of the world's largest and most 
profitable banks. We serve multi-national corporate 
clients from offices in every major financial centre. 

The financial services indusiry is in the midst of 
fundamental change. Radical developments in world 
markets, financial techniques and government 
regulations are placing a new premium on systems 
creativity The fact that 20% of our London staff work in 
the systems field is evidence of our strong commitment 
to advanced technology We currently operate the 
latest IBM and DEC mainframes together with PC's . 
and other office administration systems. Our business 
strategy now calls for further substantial investment in 
the areas of integrated information, banking and 
office systems together with all the associated 
communications networks. 

That’s why we' re in the market for the cream of young 


systems talent Men and women with a good degree 
and strong analytical minds who can demonstrate at 
least two years' exposure to structured techniques, 
ideally in an IBM/DEC financial services environment 
Above all, we should (ike to meet confident 
communicators with proven business awareness who 
can provide effective solutions to real business 
problems in areas like: 

□ Mai nf rame Systems Development. Developing 
and implementing the Bank's systems using relational 
databases with traditional and 4th generation 

tech niques. This will require a high degree of user 
contact and business training. 

D Data Administration. Co-ordinating and 
implementing an integrated data structure. You will be 
involved in data analysis across many business areas 

□ Information Centre. A highly visible “front-end" 
role requiring frequeni contact with business 
professionals in the areas of PC development, 
operational analysis and office systems. 

Fbr the “best of the few" we are prepared to invest 
heavily in training. Our structured approach to career 
development concentrates on building business ability 
just as much as technical talent since we are grooming 
our Senior Managers of the future. 

The rewards at our London offices are quite exceptional. 
Thepackagequotedindudesan excel lent salary, profit 
sharing bonus, subsidised mortgage, non-contributory 
pension, fife & medical insurance and a subsidised 
restaurant. We will relocate you ff necessary. 


Judge for yourself- 
a chance to meet informally 

Take a closerlookatThe Morgan Bank and meet 
some of our team, face-to-face. 

LONDON 

Monday. February 17th, 1986 
12 noon - 9 pm Waldorf Hotel, Aldwych. 


If you can't make it phone our consultant John 
Miskelty on 01-831 0111 during otficehours or over 
the weekend on 0702 202758 for an informal 
discussion. Alternatively send your evauoting 
ref: YSP/5T to: JM Management Services Ltd, 
Columbia House. 69 Aldwych, 

WC2B4DX. 

Jrll SfRVICfS LTD 



Executive 

Officer 

London SW1 

This is a very interesting new appointment with the 
Guild of Guide Lecturers, the UK's association of pro- 
fessional tourist guides. Based in their Westminster 
offices, and responsible to the Management 
Commrttee/Excecuiive Council, it will carry a wide- 
ranging ana challenging brief. 

You will supervise a small office staff to ensure that 
administration, members' enquiries and accounting 
are deafi wffti efficiently; wttiJst at the same time 
carrying out public relations and fund raising activities 
arid acting as the Guild's representative at national 
and international levels. 

If you have sound organising/ administration experi- 
ence, excellent communication skills and a flair for 
PH/pubiicny. you wi>l have the opportunity to develop 
the role yoursBlf, possibly mro additional 
publishing /advertising activities and other new areas 
For someone who can help to promote our high stan- 
dards of professionalism and coni n but e ot the Guild's 
future development, we offer an attractive negotiable 
salary and flexibility over hours (the post may be full 
or part-time, with a minimum of 30 hours per week). 

To obtain an application form and further details, 
please send your cv to: The Chairman. Ref TIM, 
Guild of Guide Lecturers. 6 Heath gate, London, 
fimm 7AR 

®m'Rr of (Hiiilic Ircttiratf 


4 u«dll bill w-i'll nUSMiUwl rrvin uf ..ri u n ri>j rotnpanv Hi llm 
note nt M<-dir4i Uimaiorv ^uummummi rmwrt* thr ioda<winn 
sun 

PRODUCT SPECIALIST 


PiWwjOIv 'vun » nr»'lc<l*V‘ <H fampulM onwrammiHa ai«J «V> 
ihrfniMr i DlHn, will inrtUdP IMKOn «»ilh .-usiomni hiiO flu- 
InQMlof, in lu -ftKial aottfK alioii .no salr-MiDbart lor 

!!*•■ nunwni'' new rsnor ol inuronwni* SrfUrv itolfc'iil* 

lUrM*- 10 « 3 k » Comfrini far 

MECHANICAL DESIGN DRAUGHT 
PERSON 


Tho kruHiniv N snwli mnrturoiMlu will UtHKatusn nuim 
i*iii nvhkt,- itw btsinn ol n^jun ronvjm iruounn iu produr- 
lion nnufiit* luruv- * 12 K 

ELECTRONIC ENGINEER /TECHNICIAN 


PiH.mhMi >»i!h kn.iu l-ylor at wslnn 

<mIIiiki jiui jnto lo iiutni a » ai.'H vi innHisiini >**' tJu»«*s 
V. ill n» lurtr PCM fliNW 1 and Ut OUI. aigtntliliQ Wfftronii' pro- 

duiiiau « ons<i urUwi amulviM' arJt tortupmml ul irM 
■d'Cl C* pJOridurc S^larv bi'in-nto luri.iar « iSK 

l ew Irazu 

Mrs P rrmvn 

Tin- H*rriWf Insinroe'iir Comiwiii' IjmiKM 
■ 1 U»«I Or nr 
num«» Mill 
tow Mtrtl 

CM 440 MU 


Humberts 


ADVERTISING 

ASSISTANT 

MARKETING 

DEPARTMENT 

Hunilx-ris. the nuiiunal 
firm «>1 t ham-ivd Sur- 

ifinrs. j* so'lin|.' an 
tv,iviiinl in Iv ru~.fxin*.i- 
hlu’ Inc thu liai-Ui-uldi 
ronninf; ill ihi- jiKi'niv 
Hip. KnixtiiTiv *»t‘ nivdu 
hi n U mp. pnK/iiuii,'i/ and 
.Kiuiirl. (innitnp .ire pri 1 - 
Ivn-.J. Iliu- ah»li«\ In 
uuili un,ivr piw*uru and 
V>pmf au essential rtiu- 
n hu mv* *l< 4 i ion Full 
•.tint, ul mli suae in eun- 
litleinv in 

H 14.11 IVtfl iMjrleimc A 
Ui ertismp l lives lur \ 
HumhiTls 

it li.inered Suneyifsl 
itmsu-nur Mart 

1 .1 ■iiiliiii ttl\ «FE 


2SGWW0? Sireffi. toi'fr.'W • 

01-629 6700 


COSMETIC MMntCTINfi 
la C14.000 

Isirlfa-nr 'ai"fi ••BMHinm 
II.*, l* tin mis ii adroit 
liifnr .111 .annum Pi- 
,ir. iu> giHi 1 ii,ili«. 
111 iii.n t •■tiiH, » >iti iiiiinni'jm 

I 1141 sjli-* 11141 u 1 - 1 ., Il| n,[w. 

■ H IM I* III 1 III. U riFSIliln 
hm .then X-H' iO- 

Pk-rfM- ld».iip Id ,»»nr la 

DCACK LAST. 
m»m » LttL. ihw Canal 
221 ■ 222 Ovfenl Gtnat, 
Lawlaa WI. 


SALES MANAGER 

Xu lur |pr 1(1*. 

sjli.s rtiiwi • !<■ mu, ,(«■ 
im-t imoui,s,|i ,- ., him. pi 

> IIMIIinu . rtlll|z.lll. III iuFi 

ill'll \ minin' li.ii , >•-. ura 

jml rt. 1^1 ni null Hill III MH ri,>d 

r. imi’Iiiu' ni 

ii-t in.- mu 11 . « t,,|. of mr 
huihr'-l'l.tllll.il.r -1| .Mill . 111.1 

nmlMV'irH'lil 1 i.iy iaUiil 

Ulll If IMIU In Um MK1IS4|I| 

.rodlH^ni t|.|,ri 11 , imiiiihj 

Mnuslna tHrrclor 
CtU, CtMP 
»Z Hor SI rM 
Urfm ci 7 


















=£l f£- -fj* 




THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 1986 


yv#T| 






Works Manager 

c£15,000 + car4- beasts S' Manchester 


and assume wide ranging response Lines for the optimum 
performance of plant ana labour resources involved in 
diverse component manufactu ring and assembly 
eperasions. Duties will mcludc supervising ihc effective use 
of CNCand computerised MRP systems. recruitment, 
trainingand industrial relations. Candidates, aged 40+, 
must be qualified to at least HNC with management 
experience at a similar level in a related fiddTPrefercncc 
will be given to candidates Irving within commuting 
distance of Stockpon. 

Send kill e* toe landa Connor, PER, Lowry House, 

21 Marttle Street. Manchester M2 3 AW. 


from wholesalers and retailers- A good basic salary is 
offered with an open ended commission scheme, company 


car. business expenses and an excellent benefits package. 
Scad a detafledo toe The Maifcctmg Director, Leabnk 



Sales Representative 

Midlands & Northern England 

Cape Warwick hasa vacancy for a Sales Representative to 
promote its Opecreff range oThoaphaLCSSD and 
laundry equipment, and to advise «i the introduction of 
new products for a modem hospital complex. Applications 
are invited from those residing in the area, preferably with 


Road. Newtown. Powys SY 16 1DZ. 


previous experience within hospital or associated medical 
adds. Applicants should be able to demonstrate a good 
setting record and had/ the ability to work on their own 
initiative. Benefits include a company car. contributory 


oramm-lbraniappticatioaloiinto; I orv> 

Mrs J Treasure, Cape Warwick Ltd, V>apC ^ 

A^ rw ’ lck 



R&DEngineers 

Antennae & Microwaves 

ERAisa 


—pii„i > ,i. i,i.i, ■ j a 




Engineering Opportunities 

c£10300 


PBkceUinmed,pan of tfaeBeSgjan based UCB 
international group has its major UK manufacturing site at 
St Helens. Mereeyadeand are maikm leaders in the 
devdopmeat of convened film pojtat gwg products 


Production Engineer 


) doseiy invoied with standard operating ooodfbans. 
low layout, capital investment and plan installation, 
ed 25-30 you sfariuld bea graduate Mechanical/ 


Aged 25 -30 you should be a graduate Mechanical/ 
Production Engineer with not less than three years? 
production experience in the p rinnn g/conmsi on industry. 


Sales Manager 

c£10,590+car Noriharaptoo^ire 

tocootrol 


Electrical Engineer 




Co*tKbRrDQHdifac.hilnoDLtaiBi 
let (0923*37144. 


_ electronic drives. A minimum erf two years' in a 
production luamtenance CDvtrommt ts desirable. 


The company offers attractive salaries and benefits 
pseka^s. mautfing fuD relocation costs where necessary. 
Apportions in Wiiiigtre Mr GGtmtfeec, wa. 

Group Personnel Manager. 

BriSbSJdac Limited, 

Station Road. WiMoa. HV 

Cumbria CA79BG. F^koel 


Export Sales Executive 

Attractive salary + car Europe 







We’re seeking a dynamic Manager. 


Are you looking for a new challenge? 

£12,000 - £14,000 communication skffls. your immediate task ■ Salary negotiable up to £14,000 

: wa be to promote awareness of the home ■ Refocariooasastancg if ap p ropr ia te 

TV/T‘U nn Tfpirnpc and coatinue tobafldits reputation within ■ Accommodation whfleset^ng in 

iTiilluit l\c_ynes the community Integration is vital to ■ Moneaee subsidv 


Products and Services 


Li an acre of grounds at Mil ton Keynes, 
BUPA have created a home for the elderly 
bolt cm a positive approach towards 
personal care and support. The design, 
which incorporates single ‘en suite' rooms, 
guest/short stay farifities and a whole host 
of leisure activities, is geared towards 
independence, dignity, privacy and choice. 
The priority is to main fain the comfortable 
environment within ttss 36-roomed home, 
and continue to enhance its success - a 
rare opportunity for an experienced Nurse 
Manager who is now ready for a new set of 

chaflenges. 

As the overall Head of the home, itHbeup 
to you to motivale its staff and ensure its 
exceptional potential is fully realised. 

Using aOyoor energy, imagination and 


co mm unication strife, your immediate task 
wffl be to promote awareness of the home 
and coatinue to ba3d its reputation within 
the community Integrations vital to 
success and the maintenance of strong 
finks with the local authorities, community 
organisations and support services wffl be 
imperative. Intitts,asineverytlraigdse. 

you'll have the full support and 

considerable resources of BUPA behind 
you. 


This is dearly a role fora mature individual 
who prefers to be judged by solid results 
and real achievements. . . someone with 
ideas to whom management means more 
than merely administration and delegation. 

If you're equal to the chaBenge. you can 
kink forward to a satisfying and hi gh ly 
re warding career with BUPA in an area of 
care where we plan In grow. In return for 

your leadership qualities phis an 
understanding of ihe elderly and their 
needs, were prepared to often 


■ Salary negotiable up to £14,000 

■ Relocation asastanc e if ap p ropr ia te 

■ Accommodation whfle seitfingin 

■ Mortgage subsidy 

■ Free BUPA for you and your fomdy 

■ Free fife assurance 

■ Pension scheme 

■ Free meals whBst on duty 

ff you'd fike to find out more through an 
informal discussion, please phone Sylvia 
Quayle or Sharon Townsend on 
01-8312668, or write UK Miss 5. N. 
Quayle, General Manager, Care for the 
Elderly. BUPA Hospitals, Ddphyn Court, 
Great Turnstile, Lincoln's Inn Fields. 
London WC1V7JU. For an application 
form, please contact the Personnel 
Department at the same address. 


Planning Manager 

Glasgow Up 1 o£ 17 K 


BUPA 

Care for the Elderly 


West of Scotland is a major new British Telecom District 
with a rapidly expanding nine figure hr mover providing 
the most comprehensive range of products and services of 
any telecommunications supplier in the UK. They range 
from services provided over networks and via public 
exchanges, through the most complex and advanced 
switching systems foe major companies, to a vast range of 
smaller apparatus for businesses of ail sizes and the basic 
residential telephone. 

Ws are now seeking to appoint a production 
services planning manager who will head a team 
responsible for the evaluation of products offered by 
British Telecom and external suppliers, market 
segmentation and preparation of product packages to suit 
market, sectors identified. The job will involve dose liaison 
with British Telecom Headquarters, other British Telecom ■ 
Districts and customer-faring divisions within the District 
ft entaHs the control of sales achievement by the district 
field sales force through the pay plan, and will provide an 


advisory service on the Districts stance towards 

iwnrvjtrtinn uiMiin llu, » — - C n. ~t T-H* . 


licence. , . ' ' 

Applicants shouldbave a sucoessfullrack record in 
product management with emphasis on sector marketing 
and ideally a good knowledge of UK telecommunications 
markets. Sound analytical stalls and commercially 
strudured thinking are essential. 

Applications in curriculum vitae form should be 
ajlxnitted to Ron Gqlbron, British Telecom Scotland and . 
Northern Ireland Territorial Office, PE111, Canning House, 
19 Canning Street, Edinburgh EH3 8TH '• 

(Telephone 031-222 2282 ). 


British 

TE 


Area Supervisors in France 

.1 J -I-,-.., 


FINANCIAL ANALYSIS 


wort bald md irregular 
Bffiples iu appearance 
thaftendi language ta required. 


Cra4ini» r^urrj for expandin'] torn la irsm ui credit analyse 
am tH leading ruy Flrunrul bifarnMUNa Comuiw. CxKrm« 
Iramina Mm. ncpimu omortuntUM 


D.W. CLARK FCA 
Infocheck Ltd 
28 Scrntton Struct 
London EC2A 4RQ 


nsnarriM. wcotutoh 

D«f *o our conunnrd rawmmi 
or loaum* on lUMul Mint, 
nrao tutor to on w train. 

Hint hr turft. raf r y t l f, Ml 

nwinaW wd iu»» a wow o t I 
humour Ptaar *mtr n Mill 
dri«r to Hr- MO Qurmn 
CoikIjiiiiiw 7TO CM Court 
RmI Loudon &HS 9 AS. 


LATE 20’S/EARLY 30Y 


WtAMMtCS Thm irauirr rue 
uln p» dqrd fit » rlWnd for 
rHiH'irUnd Lrndon Cotrafton 
rv AMkiHiM hr* >rar . 

»*««»► Tt.13.00O. Tet. Ol 
628 WtC. 


Energetic person needed to help small Special- 
ist Management Training company running In 
Company programmes. Must be enthusiastic 
and capable of motivating people. (Sense of 
fun and humour is a useful asset). 


Telephone Oxford (0865) 722975 


MAYFAIR 

C.tpcnearra Somtory PA 
•wwir* lor OBrelOr* Of 
**twa PuMk on romtuny. 

aoo mn T 
proc-Aing abufe are all Un- 
mtuiii ■ .K are uuuaiii r M 
<^nhinidsn. RlHimirn re 
9 “ red. .Salary lUMuw 


rad m- 40 » JUS 


VrecTruNH. 4 n«. 

WlDBMTSuSlSi’SSiV 

AnsNiciL noire on axr MA« ■ 

asrjr ro«. 


WIMBLEDON 1986 


Atirarare.diiwe'nnW 
lo chauffrar tennis Start 
aurtoff WimWetton tort 
“•flbt- 4 yran 'WW 
nepnienevoa tun spoUee 
H«nce-.. Wiih s exetaimt 
knowtodba or Laofda re- 
auxwL RpfiSytijiOX BZ0 


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7K 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 198 


GENERAL APPOINTMENTS 



Area Sales Managers 

Basic saiaiy+ car (OTE £25^000) 





Works Engineer 

BuQ^ngpjrodiicts . 

£15,000+ car South Cambridge 

*^ ,u *^ * T1 0>g£j5nHffl on srfimfidiffvrtfn 


Sales Executives 

Telephone Management/ 
Information Technology 
c£15,000-£20,000+ Indutfag boons 
North London-Northern Home Counties 
SjscfljsRdiafeduy pic arc (he fesdiag manufacturers aod 


Sales & Marketing 
Director 




iLHatfiDoostt 
MtfoUowiagi 
Dtse transfer 


Febbam, Middx 

te company which 
Group i4 Companies 
ally suppliers of 


recent 

tip business, ibe 


acqusmon of tnc Double Dec iransfer pomp business, the 
position with tolanB and nwfaMeicfien sales ponfoKo. 
o flrre dtatfeo gc and job qhsfecttorclfvou are aged 35-J5. 


hasepi eapoccnngqiia bfi c atjon .c 7 cpcTtgnccprscflmginio 
ibe chemical. process or hut treatment industries and can 
exhibit leadership aod markeong jkiDi wc can offer a 
rewwdingrcspcasbilay working witiria a and and 
CWIunfflftl team. Rantmcarian is negotiable. will reflect 
the importaacptrfifacjob and mdudcstftc usual targe 
company benefits. Hyo& Think venom provide fee 
necessary contribution and web to prore ic 
Ptoeiadf wimapjttHMfitoaiK 

^Szs&ssiE^^^^ 


5 tS S 



iTU^ vLi Ikl 

Til] 




aBSSaM 


Executive Engineer 

Construction Materials 

Five figyre salary Suffi 

Straraii me the UK stbsidutry of an international group, 
manufacturing and iriarfotuiga tmgc of metal roofing, 
cfeddiflgaod parubotnag systems inio the cons ruction 


rdcvani tRdtstnal experience, to 


ijv " W ‘i? L ! 










Engineering Opportunities 

TheCorporaie Engineering Department of Albright & 
Witson Ltd-mtemannrr a l 



whilst developing a career in marketing. You 


mmmmm 


co rrt ac fc J ohn W'Bcfasoa.IVtekrtng M anager , 


Pfcrwwootti. Harepcbire P03 5 PG. Tel: (8795) 664911. 



Iliafeal S 


experience useful boi fall teaming given if required. 

Design & Development Engineer 

The main area* of responsibility wfll be »o provide a 
lecbriod base sad support for me installation <A oxygen 
dissolving equipment in waste water treatment plants. 
Can didates win begged 25-32. wuhao honours degree in 
chemical engmegra^ordosdy related diaripfanc. mrec 
years' industrial design aid devdopmem experience and 
capable of carrying, out performance investigations and 
trials or customer sues. Effluent treatment experience 
would be an advantage. 

Both posts require sound commercial sense and extensive 
travel to customer shes- Relocation assistance provided 
where appropriate. Excellent salaries aid benefits 
provided with good scope for career proeressoo. 

Write, with (bflev ik GabrieHe^___^ 
Ri«tberg.BOC Safes ■SjtlhM 

Deve l o p m ent Dep artmen t. T7//? nnr . 

24 Deer Pari Read. £^//BOCbm.fd 

LoadonSW193UF. San Dmwmni Dnmmnt 


Management Opportunities 

Lucrative padres Wrexham 

A fast expand in g otgapjarioa has va c a ncie s in two of its 
divisions for haqpy. ambitious youpg manag ers 

Production Manager 

Reporting ro the Ptuthasfag/Productkm Director, you will 
assume complete rcsponsibfliiy for the full production 
capacity of an operafiort employing 1 50 people oa a 
con coated shift svstem in the manufacture of disposable 
oappiraand related products. Pfanoingand work loading 
are areas of m^or importance in an environment of high 
speed continuous ; process prodnafon. and candidates. 
prafcnMy aged 3<M0.sjwdd be expe rie nc e d m this type 
of manufacturing operation, and capable of discussion at 
trend level on m an agement, fi n an c ial and production 
matters. 

Marketing Manager 

Ayoung marketing professional with a vrey aegressi ve sales 
pitch enquired to spearhead the marke ting drrvc for an 
cxdting new range c* industrial dothing. 1& is an 
opportunity for a carcermindcd candidate to create and 
implement an ongoing marketing strategy lor a high quality 
product range. •• 

Rcwaitisfor both positions arc cxceflcn * competitive 
sabnr. company car aod generous benefits package. 

Send fall c*,indic»ting in which po si t i on you are 


Senior Sales Engineer 

Advanced Automated Systems 

c£14«500+car East Midlands 

Required by successful engneering group to sdl high 
pressure water washing machines, uang machine tool 
techniques, primarily to the automotive industry. 
Responsibilities mcradcprepaiafion of quotations and wiD 
invohe overseas travel Qualified Engineers with at (east 
fare wears* saks experience, wntan the otadsne tool 
industry or with a manufacturer of custom built machines, 
should: 

ComaccToov Cafafa. PER. 4* Floor. Rex House. 

4-U Regeai St. Loudon SWIY4PP.Tet (01 ) 930 3484. 


Sales Executive 

Neg salary + bonus + car S England 

Finrad manufacture and market convector radiatois for 
cexnral heatmeand with new competitive designs thev arc 
piaimirpexpaMioo from their webestaitehed hasc.^ Thev 
require rcpna*3itatives wntipowcn sal oetpcrience selling 
to specifiers of hearing or allied products, seif motivated, 
who find fulfilment in a sales career- Excellent 
opportunities for career devdopmem and job satisfaction 
wmetireez responsibility to the Manapng Director. 

Send fall cv io: Albou VKrbsier. PE R, 75 High Sweet. 
CfasWtuna. Kent BR7 SAG. 


Marketing Services 
Manager 

^ Beckenham, Kent 

mamrfaemring company within the computer 



t projects. ^ win be earned 



Export Sales Manager 

c£I3,000+car Cambs/SufiTolk borders 

Pan of a major British group, mv clients arc involved in the 
manufacture of agricunuraf machinery-^ The job involves the 


primarily m [he European and North American markets. 
This emails detailed customer eon taa. and ii is expected 
that a substantial proportion of time will be spent overseas. 
You wiD have sales experience, wiO be currently working in 
an erraoeermg environment, and be Queiu in at least one 
other European language. The sal&iy and car is in addition 
to the normal fnnac nencfiis associated with a senior 
appointment. 

Send faR CTim Andrew Stamms. PER. Blodv A. 
BtooUmmIs Avenue. Cambridge CB2 2HL. 


Sales Engineer 

Attractive package + car South West (Avon) 

Gales Hydraulic*, a European subsidiary of the Gates 
Corporation, is a leading manufacturer of hydraulic 
component*. In ihv Souih West area we arc seeking a Sales 
Engineer who wifl be responsible for ilk.- sales ana 



mu cv, maicxtirtt m w tucfl posioon you are 
incerested. trc Janet Robens, PER, Hrikyu House. 
RbosdduRoad,WkcxbaaLLU INE. 


Sales Executive 

TeUbfd, Shropshire 

Sales Executive required, having previous experience in the 
light engineering fidd. Initial reswnsitalitics will indude 
export sales and some practical knowtedge of export selling 
and procedures wifi be a cfistinci advantage. Cantfidues 
with previous nmapneM experience and of a calibre for 
future promotion to General Sales Manager will be 
preferred. Preferred age 30-40 years. Tfas isa unique 
opportunity to join a very prognasve and old established 
company, and a connnaisniaie salary plus car and other 
benefits will be offered to the successful appheam. 

Send fafl c* to: JaaeC Roberts, PER. Haftyn Hmse. 
RfcoadduRond.WfoeximU.il INE. 


Lubricant Sales & 
Marketing Opportunities 

EH 03 (GB ) Limited is rhe UK Marketing Division of a 
major international petroleum and chemicals group. We arc 
now returning for the following posts: 

Representatives 

Manchester/ Cheshire, 
Hereford/Worcester 

Package c£ 1 1 .000 including commission + car. Aged 25- 
35 you will ideally have a good track record in selling to 
industrial vectors, haulage contractors, agriculture etc. You 
will mamuin and develop murid penetration of oar range 
of lubricants and industrial fuels. Full training and technical i 
assistance will be given. 


35 must have an industrial sales background. preferably 
gained in ihe cngineerinr> industry. Reward irackage 
includes a good basic safarv. sale* orientated bonus, 
company car and exceptional benefits. 

Please write with cv to: Ron Rowland. Gates Hydraulics 
Ltd. Station Rood. St Neocs. Cambridgeshire PE 1 9 IQF. 


Project Engineer 

Phannaceuticals 

Negotiable salav? Swindon 

Roussel Laboratories, part of a large international 
pharmaceutical group, requires an additional qualified 
Engi n eer tosuppon a continuing p ra gra n tm c of capital 
investment at its modem manufacninr^: facilities at 
Swindon. Reporting to the Chief Engmecr. the poshionwiQ 
haw responsbili ryfor the sdectioa installation and 
commissioning or manufacturing and packaging 
equipment. Candidates should ha vc u degree in mediamcal 
or electrical engincerii^ and have had practical experience 
in a production environment preferably in the (ooa or 
phannaceutic8l indus^. An excellent package of salary 
and fringe benefits is offered, including generous 
assistance.^ where appropriate, with the cost of relocating to 
this attractive pan of WQtshirc. 

Please telepbooe or write for an upficatioa fonu and 
farther details Ire Rosematy Cuns. Assistant Personnel 
Manager, Rmmsel Laboratories 

isssar' sojssaA 

T«fc(0793> 24411. VW 


Marketing Trainee 

Altrincham 

Aged mid 20's and prelenHy a graduate in a scientific 
discipline with two years' sound experience, you will now 
be ready for our comprehensive tramme programme. You 
wil! support the sale* team in the UK. Hard work, 
numeracy and commeieia] awareness wifl bdp you towanls 
a tewatdmgcarecr in sales management. 

Ifyoo feel you can meet the challenge offered by these 
positions: 

Please write witb a detaSed ev or phooe for aa apoffcatiou 
form iadicaiiag the position which interests you. The 
Personnel Dept, EtfOil |GB) Ltd. EH House. PO Boa 80. 
Woodlands Road. Akrinotam, Cheshire. 

Tet (061) 928 6477. 




Name 

Address. 


P.S. For details of over 1000 more executive- 
level jobs published in our own newspaper. Executive Post, 
call Teledata on (01 ) 200 0200 or complete the coupon. 


. Occupation ... 

I Date of Birth -».........TSafary required 

■ Fjnpkvyeri or I Jnemployed? — - - 

J Send to: Rcfy Ward, PER, FREEPOST, Runcorn. Cheshire WA7 2BR. 
j (No stamp needed). 24 hour answering service (0742) 750197, Ref; T 



DON'T MOVE ON FROM THESE PAGES 


3 ft LEVELS IN 1986 

...INTERESTED IN A 
CAREER IN ADVANCED 
ENGINEERING? 

The Royal Corpsof Novoi Cowfrodois fe o dvHian professional 
body of btevd Archiwcw. Machonkol Engineers and fledriepl Engineers, 
providing the Navy with up-ro^te-mmufe design and canshruction technology 
for its warships: 

With 3 good A’ level passes in scenes cmd mofberoaticol subjects, 
you ttuJd embark on o mminq programme fhof wiU fateyou i fooutfi u» 

^ineenflgaoutSBtnfV ,K ^*o** 0 '^^ OT ^ W j D8sW ff^™2| , ^ ,ed 

Sr at the Royal Novel Engineering Unn^y 

CoUeoe, London. Wtewod by o I year MSC coutsa ^bwquen^onme- 
Smh%riod including further tromingin mCTO9e T?l^ 0d b * a ****** 
at sea viffl oomptete your praporoton for a career hi the Corps. 

Ybor aneer isguararrteed to be pocked wfth dialbngMndbm 

jmroMtroyouoaossAo^spedromrf^ 

midB^and gas turbine propoWon oledtorw 

ajmmunkoton syswns ond 

For futfherdaftjilspnd on appficafion form (lobe rrt^Kl faV™ ordl 

1986) write to Gvil Service Commission, Alencen Link, Bosingstoke. Hants 
operates outside ofikfi hours). T/«754^ 

Tlie Gvfl SaivfCB Ison equd opportunriy eropioyer 

The Royal Corps of 

Naval Constructors 


BUSINESS INFORMATION MARKETING 

This dynamic organisation has an unequalled reputation for its efficient business 
information sennee provided to companies in the banking, retail, financial and 
commercial sectors. An innovative pioneer in this highly competitive marketplace, ft 
is expanding rapidly due to new product development the latest data retneval 
facilities, and a fast cost-effective service. The organisation is looking for marketing 
professionals with the skills to match their strengths and play a major part in the next 
phase of the expansion programme. 

SENIOR MARKETING EXECUTIVE £16K + Car 

As well as contributing to th e development of an overaH marketing strategy . we wi 1 1 ask you to 

identity new areas of growth, produce marketing proposals and detailed product plans, then 

ensure that these plans are implemented. You will be dealing with the day today activities of 
the department Including extensive supervision of outside design, advertising and sales 
promotion agencies. _ . _ 

.You will hold abuslness studtes d egree or equivale nt and have had at least 3 years success in 
marketing^ - if this experience has been In direct marketing, information technology or the 
financial sector-aK the better. 

You wifi have first class communication skids, an organised creative mind, enthusiasm to meet 
a challenge and beactivriy seeking career development 

Marketing assistant £i2K 

An integral member of the marketing team, your role will be the accurate analysis of sales and 
maiketlng data and research- a critical factor in the preparation of corporate plans. You must 
■ have both iheexpertfee to evaluate and the confidence to recommend actionsbased upon 
yourfindings. 

It is crocial thaiyou take the initiafive with projects, and enjoy working under the pressureoi 
constant deadlines. 

This isa superb career opportunity for a recent graduate holding a minimum eft 1 years 
experience-kJeanyfrom a major company withto the computerised business systems field. 

Contact Chris Matchan or send a fufiC.V. ^affCAlT 


rfCH 


mtments 


iill 


THEATRE SISTER 

ABDULLA FOUAD HOSPITAL 
Dammam, Saudi Arabia 

Abdulla Fouad Hospital is a modern hospital of 
340 beds serving the Eastern Province. 

It is proud of its tradition of dynamic theatre nurse 
sisters responsible for a broad range of theatre 
services. Due to the recent departure of our sister in 
charge - we are looking for a progressive, forward 
thinking, highly organised Sister as replacement We 
put great emphasis on our 'Esprit de Corps’ so we 
need a good sound clinical nurse - with exceptional 
management skills. 

A recognized ENB (UBCNS) course is always 
usefuL If you are appropriately qualified and 
experienced, we offer a tax free salary, 1 year 
renewable contract, 30 days annual leave, 8 local 
holidays, generous end of contract bonus together 
with free accomodation and free medical care. 
Please contact 

Abdulla Fouad Corporation 
London Office 
40 Duke Street 
London W1M 5DA 























THET1MES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 1986 


‘ A sS 


jane 

J r\n 


norman 


153 Oxford Street, London, W 1 

is an estabfished aid expanding fashion retail business. 

We as currently recruiting staff for the following positions: 

Assistant Management for our Knightsbrtdge, Oxford Street and S.E London branches. 19/24 
yrs. Experience in retail management would be advantageous. Excellent basic salary and the 
opportunity to earn commission. 

Assistant to Executive Director in Computerized Dfstrfoution Department in Oxford Street 5 -O’ 
Levels including maths essential, 21-25 yrs. 

Tr ainee Junior Accounts Assista nt 16-18 yrs, to work at Head Office. Maths 'O' Level pass 
essential . 

Student (awaiting University Entrance 1986/87) required as Receptionlst/Clerical Assistant (no 
typing) for Head Office £100 p.w. 

Please phone Alison Rodion 01-437 0132 r\ 


tt's not worth tookim 
^ for help ^ 


Chusid Lander area group of specialist 
career consultants who, for many years, 
have hefpad people like you realise their true 
career potential and find their real vocation. 
We give you the advice and guidance you 
need to get the right job-for yourself. 


So just when you might be thinking that 
nothing can help you, remember that we 
may be the only ones who can. 


Being unemployed when you'reover35is 
no joke. You have always considered 
yourself hard working, successful and 
ambitious but after all the 'phone calls and 


Telephone us now to arrange a confidential 
personal assessment without obligation, or 
writs to: The Administrator, 

35/37 Rtzroy Street London W1P5AF, 
enclosing a brief career summary. 


unsuccessful interviews, it's fairly easy to 
start thinking thatyou really are 
unemployable. 


At Chusid Lander we understand how you 
feel but more importantly, we know howto 
help you. We've been helping thousands of 
people like you for many years. 


LONDON i 01-5806771 NWHCHESTEB 00,2280089 

MRMWOU AM 021-6438X02 NOTONGIMM 094937811 

BRISTOL 087222387 QLASGOW 0413322502 

BEUXST 0332821824 


0 CHUSID LANDER 



Wanowsash la reauR a 


CHASSIS 

ADMINISTRATION 

MANAGER 


Certified eogmea- b chearistiy, year basic knowledge a 

hbribc^iraaRBaforawodmlaboralonc^ 

job oor grrap winch swell known forks graving actxn- 

tics;oaraK^ibsarevQyiixtio(bccdbtlK(dbiBben 

and are present in many foreign countries. * 


assistant dealer sales manager 

Europe and Middle East 


Thsisai^Ea^senkxposrtk^wttwoufTruck 
Marketing Department reporting direedy to the 
Directors Marketing. 


We offer you the opportaHty to work with a young and 
perforating team. Yon Eke challenge, t eanmat Shod 
bBanesstcqBBeteqnnBdte tee jobs. 


SouM> MMOcal Syftmu a muni camnmr In Uw no 
for • dynamic and aaprrlwicfd P W wm a pco.e n 
mm MuttmtM lo ■ami die poalMo c t of MUM 


back record to mUmtn 



Tl» IdMl appli c a nt ihoald Mw E u m nan and Mkfcgr I 
Mg, of one or more Eawato toga t w to waf— t o i 


iiM aknoMd. 


BWRDD CROESO CYMRU 
WALES TOUaST BOARD 


implementation of a new and rarnralised chassis 
stockholding scheme and the management of Ihe 
sales office operating with an IBM 38 
computerised system and handling chassis 
ordering procedures. 

The successful appficant wffl probabfy be a 
graduate, highly numerate and with experience in 
logistics and forecasting, possibly in a production 
planning environment 
The position is based at our offices in Milton 
Keynes and we offer an attractive salary and a Ml 
range of benefits 

For appte fl un torn or #8 

further delate please « fl • -'aM. - 

teBotaneorwraeto: ml 


Yon wffl be b charge of: 

-either the mtastry (R&YG/1307) 
-or the antomotbc field (ReLYG/1308) 


Thr IKMttton mtaOm numoln, to «Hmh* ■tokr BM 
cWMttvM by wmvtotoa mtoMOna and m too oonpon 


work w town total 
Bwn m a n mo Europe . 


The pootHoo n wrt rw Mmini travel and wal bv ba» 
aOractiv* frtoa. baoelltotoid Mm promotion mmctoi 


tn m London 


Senior Director 
(Development) 






Yon will be waking mKlerttasyerraaoa of oor Research 


Pfease apply in writing, including c.v. to- 


rn FRANCE at LA ROCHELLE when yon wfll five. 


perfccdoimanent etant envisageabfe; toHtefoe, mej 
borne aHqxtiiensxm decette Iragoeea exjgee. 


fittwflw Mr. David Haworth, 
Soaibfa MwHerf Systems, 
B acfch or— Road, 
Latchwortfc, 

HartfonMiint. SG6 1HL. 


TWs post ferto spea r -fiead the work of the Board h 
promoting new tourism businesses and to increase 
profftabiftiyand empteymeiftbth&totabmindustiyin 

Vtefes. 


Please, send your resume and specify the job reference to 
CAPFOR- 15, rae deb Paix- 75002 PARIS (FRANCE). 



CAPFOR 


Ntt ■ LION ■ AB/IMHDU ■ MIOB ■ CUX 

urns ■ rear ■ nanwcni ■ mnvnun ■ most - aura - nm 


FINANCIAL CONSULTANCY 

IS A GROWTH AREA OF THE MOMENT 
AND OF THE FUTURE - DON’T MISS OUT 


FINANCIAL 
CONTROLLER 



i In tM0 to toatona tor two MMondtaa totovuaato to camotomedc U Utodon I 


[MNMtottMEtotodtoMiaLMtodvMtokO 
L hard working and aMa to atoarti now ton «**ty. 


L and wsvatte. WW 


Appficartfs should have the proven My to motivate and 
. coortfinate the private aid pubfc sectors hi successful 
tourism developments and an appreciation of howto 
develop tourism markets. WoridngtotheC^ 
the Serwr Director wSt^e operation^ and Snandai 
responsibility for all the Board's devefapmertwork, 
induefing the research needs and training requirements of 
the "mdiBliy, and for advising the Board on applications lor 
financial assistance towards capital investment and 
subsequent mo n ito ri ng and controL 

- SuccessM candidates are B«ly to have gaduate or 
professional quafficatiors. The salary offered b wthinthe 
range £17500 -£24.000. 


■ —I — ' T fr Tr -r r- In rr llrr iit TW« !■ ■ nwrffl nmortiaitr 

■ own b iu h iiM and carat, path in a wowing ceww to an anetttog Industry- 
ftoJtoiM dtotob jriMto iritoktow XA «toaw 0KCW TUX. 



Apply in complete cortidence with brief career delate and 
forfiKtherinfoma«onab(^thepQStta- 

TheChfel Executive, Wales Tourist Board, 
Brunei House, 2 RBabn Road, CARDIFF. CF2 1UY 
Closing date forappfcafion^ Friday 28 February. 1986. 


NDPS.asmaJI independent business with in 
British Telecom Enterprises, has gained a 
high reputafion for its innovative networked 
computer services forthe International 
freight industry The business is expanding 
horizontally into new market sectors, and 
attention is now bong focussed on the 
introduction of new management 
accounting and financial control systems 
at our West Drayton head office, near 
Heathrow 

Leading a team of six, the Financial 
Controllerwillplaya/reyro/eintfie 
development and management of entirety 
new computerised systems... 
developments which will bring in 
sophisticated control and information 
resources right across the financial 
spectrum, including specialised project 
accounting systems. • 

It is a challenge which calls for an 
ambitious, qualified Accountant with, at the 
very least, a two year track record of 
achievement within a commercial 
environment This would ideally be a 
computing or electronics company where 
a rapid response to new needs and 
problems has deariy been your strength. 


This quality together with first class 
communication dells, win be crucial to 
your success in the task. If you think you 
may have the abilities we need, here is a 
chance to make a significant impact within 
a growth area of BT- a company which 
can offer unrivalled options for future 
career development 
Ybur starting salary, negotiable up to 
£20,000, reflects the importance we’re 
attaching to this post It will be supported 
by a performance bonus scheme and 
relocation expenses, where appropriate. 
Areyou ready to grow with British Telecom? 



•* Personal Tax 


I.BJM. 

Software 


Bank on 
Success 


£17K basic £35KOTE 

This leading software supplier to fhe 


£25K basic £40K OH 


Landau 

to £30,000+ car 


For more tofonnatton please phone 
Miriam Barber on 01-759 2644 erf 400 
or write with cv to Lesley Stevens, 
British Telecom Enterprises, 
Recruitment MASS, Weffington House, 
6-9 Upper St Martin’s Lane, London, 
WC2H9DL. 

Please quote ref: TM90. 


This leading software supplier to fh 
lucrative marketplace have 
increased fheir market share even 
further with a mate re of dedicated 
Sales Professionals, powerful 


1= The successful candidate wil 


Ourdrerrt is a European mamifbcfurer 
addressing fheRnandal Applications - 
market, par+ajlariy Banking cind ■ 
Stodcbraking enjoying a growth rate, 
the envy of the industry. 

This growth has generated exciting - 
oareer prospects for sales professionals 


Distinguished international firm of dmtsnd 
wo u ma ai t s seeks two ad£fianal. sw iiftr 


British 

TELECOAX 


= proven ability, an assertive nafureand witomarK3gementasptiotions.rn s 

-s be looking for a role offering more addition tooverseeing established • S 

= challenge and genuine meaium-term accounts you will spearhead a new s 

S prospeds of management division with products supported by = 

progressibn with a corporation 
committed to excellence. Ref LP01 7 


O.E.M. Sales 

£ 30 k+ 


challengecmd genuine medium-term accounts you wiU spearhead a new 

prospeds of management dlvistonv^ products supported by 

progressidn with a corporation professk^lconsultarx^, training and 

committed to excellence. Ref LPOT 7 tumkeysystemscapabilrty.Ref LTO18 

Hione Low Potter nom quoting ifwappropitote ref wre iicBmiinbertoteqniniore. 

Executive Employment LtcL r Forum House, 1-6 MHlmead, 
Staines, Middx. TW18 4UQ. Td: Staines (0784) 63615. 


W ivspedhdy with amada^de autDoonr y — 

J Liwflti^aihrtaitfHldiPTrf 

^ amtopmentreqxaidxfitsr 

‘m Omd i ihUa gfaonld be m^fied accon o t a nts 
W J® 8 ? “W. 28-35 (althwigh fovane/kgal 

• ss®™*- WDU " to accqSaHe) vn& 

8 gawfantia l recent penooal tax expoience. 

A early cooBd a w oo fir 


wtSemcOT&fcnceto 



®##MnConrtisaiidftrtnere#§^ 


jfcte V- 1 ’ '• * 

JtK.Xt 


b u:t— ' 


n|, .r— ... 




My ctients have been extremely successful with their recent entry 
into the O.E.M. business winning several contracts in excess of £Im 
as a result of their proven microprocessor related products and their 
i mpr es s ive design capabilities. With some very exciting new products 
soon bo be launched they would like to hear from sales people with 
experience in Public Utilities/Central Govemment/M-O.D., Financial 
Institutions or the main Microcomputer/Electronics industry 

Applicants should be in their late twenties to early thirties with 
. a successful track record in negotiating major c on tracts and in 
selling to major accounts, O. ELM.s or YA.RLS in the business areas 
above. A credible presence. lively intelligence and a broad technical 
understanding are all essentiaL Experience in voice and ^ara com- 
munications or interactive video technology would be particularly 
valuable. As business gxows there will be opportunities to progress 
into Sales Management. 


ft? iii.. 


university college 

LONDON 


A rwifaiwit Services Unit 

Industrial Liaison 
Officer 






6 


The Company actively believes in equal opportunities, is well 
funded and has a young dynamic and success oriented environment. 
Benefits Include a high c£>l6k basic, realistic O.T.E. with a negotiable 
guarantee in the first year together with company cai; pension, 
B.URA. etc. When replying please quote O.T.26. 


AGRICULTURE AND HORTICULTURE 
£31,000 


A vacancy -exists in the ASU, a small team set up 
to assist staff throughout the College to further 
cpftaborauvc links with industry, commerce and 
Government. The ASU handles applied RAD. 
consultancy services, patenting and licensing of 
inventions and professional updating courses. 
The work is a blend of public relations, financial 
management contract negotiations and general 
administration. Applicants should hold a degree, 
prcicrabty in science, medicine or engineering, 
ana have commercial or industrial experience. 
Salary on the kciiners scale £927S-£I 5,520 (un- 
der review) + £1297 pjL LA. 




Sales Support 


It'you want to progress into sales but have little or no experience, 
loin the Sales Support team. Ybu'll be paid a realistic salary plus car 
and whilst you use your technical skills in microcomputing or 
communications to support the O. ELM. sales team, my client will 
develop and train you in selling and negotiating skills so that you can 
make the transition. When replying please quote TT 26. 


Please write to DAVID KQNRATH at the address below quoting 
the appropriate reference and enclosing a comprehensive CV 
including current salary details. No details will be disclosed to our 
client without prior permission. 


OTTERIDGE 


This London-based appointment is of vital importance to the agriculture 
and horticulture industries and carries wide-ranging responsibilities. 

The Chief Scientist provides advice to Ministers and top MAFF officials 
on long-term scientific needs and priorities and the use of scientific resources. 
Another important role is the joint management of the Ministry’s sponsored 
agricultural and horticultural research and development progra mm e- including 
the commissioning of research both in-house and with outride contractors. 

Candidates should be suitably qualified in an appropriate scientific subject 
and should have extensive experience of initiating and managing research and 
development programmes. A proven record of attainment in their fidds of 
interest will be required. 

RELOCATION ASSISTANCE MAY BE AVAILABLE 

For hirther details and an application form (to be returned by 7 March 1986) 
write to Gvil Service Commission, Alencon Link, Basingstoke, Hants RG21 1JB, 
or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 (answering service operates outside 
office hours). 

Pfease quote ref. S/6789. 


Applications in writing to Dr M. GoJdsptnk. 
Director. Academic Services Unit. University 

f nilpoo I Mirfn. P. . . II 


oltviccs unit, university 
CoHrac London, (lower Street, London WCI 
E6BT. Closing Daw 28 February 1986. 


2 QUALIFIED 

CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS 

Salary £l5k + Car + Benefits 
(Partnership Prospects) 


cn ic 

'l A 
V {|s -i i 


i l 


& COMPANY 

199 Knightsbridge, London SW7 1RP. 


MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES AND FOOD 


The Ovil Service is, 


To join our 6a developing, innovative practice witfi 
jsstwairi financial support service aiSloSpotcr 

Wc have ofltas hr Kent and Sussex and are soon to 
«« West End oT London. 

■r*' 

^ j" WWwna I Skills are a necessity. 

. MTStMT 11 . 4 ' ^ 

ht the first instance please send a hrirfC.V. iff 
Brendan McCurran^ F.C.A^ 

McCiurran Quest. & Co> 

Milestone. Royal Parade. Chisfchum BR 76 NW 


'V . ’ 


- . 


L>* 
















I Cj* >iSf. J 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 1986 


if* -W<.- . -J.- ■ - 




ftSrtJtUUlP 


Personal 

Assistants 

c£9,000+SUBSTANTlAL BENEFITS 
ffKdudjg Mor^e Subsidy 
CENTRAL LONDON 




booking travel arrangements. 


analyses^ compiling Information using computBrs.'niare will also be 



Pefsonnel Officer, Prudential Portfolio Managers United, 

142 Hotoom Bare, London EC1N 21*1 01 -40S 9222 eocLB^T 


MANAGING DIRECTOR CORPORATE FINANCE 

Requires committed secretary/PA lor demanding position in busy Corporate Finance Department 
oC leading City Stockbrokers. Candidates should be between 25-35 and preferably have experience 
of working in a financial environment. 

Salary, including bonuses: minimum £1 2J500 pa. Package includes non-contributory pension fund 
private health cover, season ticket loan. LV. 

In the first instance please contact: 

Miss Ruth Colley. 

Personnel Department 
on 01-404 0344 


PA/SECRETARY 


cf 10,000 


Uxbridge 


GROUP SECRETARY/ 
ACCOUNTANT 


WEST SURREY 


£MEG 


To MU a MNP HtoMr owned group of ra wn t u with a wm* 
now 0# MtMItct » M Op e ny and Matter. taMtOy to m dtwd Mdy 
Wrtrot Grow Secretary. lo fwmt durmo X9B8. 

nimraiMMin wot tnefod* (he momuon d hwdpwti. mmg*- 
mrMaDd statutory arrows. Pnanctfl n raw 1 or dfi M cpatept 
iwferi*. Mmoro.' ycnonnrt aumnurattoiL w rvt an o Bom *aa 
comntnev ramraoi and fuMmtny *a staumy nouiRimA 

a oMOtriM KmoioM «r acts prmw apm 36-40 yon timidd 
hate a croren tram record. KMUy to a mmi to uitmm wtrw 
Bind, a flndbte asaroaeta and oMhty 10 ctonmunica** at an teuto- 


Many taary Hmmuimi around ZXMOO an thhci mww 
inuwtMKr pw win not bra tar nttr aoMtntineM or nr noM 
raoMMo. sntrotx btetiao* non cnMMory gentian. Ufa «oa-- 
anrr. hnanh wnrmr and ire* tunrh**- A car Mil b* provided an 
■ucmiMa to me Stour COM. 

■to* iB MWawittM C.V. las arte IteK II Ml Tte 
US Sow Mad teatrt. LuIm WtV OHL T*t Mn 01-005 Mdi 





• I * M M 1 I 


TRAVEL ORIENTATED? 

Specialist law operator nqdm overseas 
representatives from May to October. 

SMiniiaN ITALY. Looking after (tan in a nrtvrtety owned 
Patent. Fluent Rattan —«—»»« 

SimwK. WOL Sole r aatt on am tuty for me ronamg cf our vWj 
tewarume. Good conversational Graafc/a-tvtng Heron 
rasnvUaL 

■out ore reroonstte ad rewarding PteHon. AgsUoua bum 
be our to wane on metr own Muaova. An outgoing ttwiy 
porronanty. ptmiy or stamina aw the aMRy to rommontcaia 
wilh people at ail Irtrla are the ouaHUas wo and. Travel and or 
PR experience a dtottnet advantage. Age 20*. Bom potitkM 
oner a good Mare. accemraodaiHto and nwwa . 

SppScSSM Mac CV Trite*! Stem OKI 


TRADER - CHEMICALS 

A substantia] international Company- London based 
require an experienced person to join tbdr cbemicaJ 
trading office The successful candidate will have 
thorough knowledge of Chemistry preferably to De- 
gree.sumdanf and some export trading experience. 
They will be aged between 23-30 years and capable of 
handling a range of Group manufactured raid traded 
products for shipment to various overseas markets. 
Excellent working conditions in the CSty. Salary nego- 
tiable commensurate with age and experience. Wme 
with foil details to 

Box Nik 391, StresCs Flnsadsl IMM, 
18 Rod Llsn Court, Fleet Street, London 
EC4 A 3HT. 


CASTLE MANAGER 

Gentleman wttfi lop level services or Iwatness background - 
requ ire d tor appr mrtm M efy three days a wsek lo ovaat 
and help control unique privately owned country resMence- 
tn Gloucestershire. Would sun someone between the- age 
45-60 with nuriceting and man management auaUflcaOcns 
and with interest tn tourist and Msuie Industry. An aorac- 
U*» salary to be negotiated and use of a four bedroom. 
CotswoM atone cottage if reqrtrwl. Interested appflcanl a 
should in (tie Orel instance telephone for an appUcation 
form or forward their curriculum vtfae to; 

Michael KeopMlb 
Western Executives 
49 lY o m snade 
Cheftenhsm GLSO 1P1 - 
Telep h one No- Cho H e nh — (0242) 43444 


RcqnifEd by small, upmarket Tried Company from end AprBto 
Ortobcr 1986 in tbe following places: 

Spanish Manor Hobs. Haiti 
l Y hpsa neit. Greece 
MctBrnrantM Const of Taker 
Antrim SdUoso 

Appfkams must have 'O' level English. be over 23 nsn of age 
and have fluen] Spanish, German, or Greek. Turkish an 
advantage but not cssannL Write or phone 

Cricketer Holidays, 

4 The Whitehouse, 

Beacon Road, 

Crowborough, - 
E Sussex TN6 1AB. 

Tet Crowborough (08926) 64242 


GROUP SALES A MARKETING MANAGER 
Indnstrial/Eiitert slnu i e a* Rotated Services 

London/Manchester 

Former >o me rromt aenumdonof Ib ur oo mwn teimii ntewr; 
Ins and fonolyhig 1 sntung. drapes. ButOo-iioaM and ^WMcai 
rounxnrnt to mr hKtemal, ementoiuiirm soclon. mi ctkotoi 
opportunity tun van tor a ptrno to ooonoiaate and promMt 
umr CMDpanm In uw marit#t pore. TnU peoMon tun ariwn u 
or . U«r fUvngm and dn-riowntfU of Uvro, teteawM 
com, hom ihrir pratnllWH W>U«d front to dt. Bnal rowonwr. 

wp m uvmKoro looking for a wreon. rotftiaWy w«i grown 
ut<* msrrlrnrc In nua arm. w«o U b«r>b> imiUroirowd nro 
tut aMUiy to d^Nop and dtrfd M c o mpan i f forward- sotta 
m m# UK and abroad- 

Excellent salary phis car is offered. 

Please send CV u» 

Wcois NOm, 

Camuin pte, - 

13 Deodar Road, London SW15 2MP. 




^BMB 

ROi.TSM '- , .,T»0<-Cui T "- BOPCUGH 


CIVIC HALLS 
MANAGER 
fl5,lll/£16^51 

This ncwiv-dcrienatcd post hi the Central Services 
pari morn offers a substantial 
an eniciprising 

entertainments management Tbe P°? , r^L t : l , nicn | S 

ace the Council's Albert Halls ,5 ntert ?i?!! icffl 5 

SBfh hog* 

was opened in April 1985. TheCounala^^ 

r ASssaasSjSS 



BILINGUAL 
ENG/GERMAN 
ADMIN ASSISTANT. 
WC1 




With Word Processor Capabilities 

A.FLM.C. is a lively growing company in the 
International Automotive Consultancy and Pub- 
lishing fields undertaking a wide variety of 
projects. 

A secretary with Word Processing and short- 
hand skills is required working primarily for the 
Director and General Manager. A lively flexible 
personality and good work experience are 
sought Salary c£8,500 for the right person. 

Please write in complete confidence enclosing 
CV to: 

GUI Harper 

Ref- ARMC 

BJUML RESEARCH PARTNERS GROUP 
Lynton House 
7-12 TaVistock Square 
London WC1H 9QJ 

An Equal Oppertunfties Employer 


SNOWED 

UNDER! 


Wtay not bnvc tile weotiK 
! «r and crane and ^ bear 
■boot the sidling vacan- 
Cte we Ium Dor college 
uavero. young aecs/PAX 
and nawatoK In Art. 
r*ropvty. Derign. Artver- 
tWng and Mxxating ptun 
mud* more, in rotum you 
should be presentable.. 
ctMcrfUaad reiiats*. have 
pood aU round skUts and 
be aged 18-25. Pleaa««aO> 

4V4UT/M 

JJOBSTONEg 
99 Regent Street W1 


SECRETARY 

ceaooo. 

Bocothe Reontment Co. ra- 
gn mU ngaisMl amt 
efleoam seoday to work n 
esettna beebe office. Typtag 
sMs m muni Self nfflfaa- 
B0n ml nfflabve eSstrttai 
ftx hnher intanniHii ad 
d® FWb on: 

01 830 574$ 

THE RUTH 
CONSULTANCY 
50 PM MeM 
London SMTI 


P/A SEC SW1 
£10,000 /£1 0^500 

MO oC MMuEactiTOi Sat' 
xtrro Dhtston rcguirK an 
organntng PA See Me will 
hKv uktoo rwonatMOty 
ana intng thor UMtttme- 
CAM slow noo^ao * WP) 
mointU toOMlWT WUi a 
aensr of hunow and imntac- 
uuto {RVMnauon. 


: iTiTa a j TT r r -: # ! : ^y i Y, 


with Bwnwia In a Finance OWw b i wali fJ by liree nroWnU 
mrorcb cnarity. Dohm ten tnriuor work on ma cnrUroi. m- 


PrMrrred W 80 - SO. Story ranee £10261 to 02 j 6 a 0 . 

For further particulars, apply to:- 

Administrative Officer 
Cancer Reseanfo Campaign 
2 Carlton House Terrace 
London SW1Y 5AR. 

Tab 01-930 8372. 


SENIOR SECRETARY 

£ 10,000 

:TMe iW"*Mene-Po°jr J«*aaw uww ifriru • wea 

orroniwd sKTHaty who can orreiige travcL Mrotog^dtary aM 

UtrvWanof work toad. Von win actuaoy w wottg tor (he 
nnanciai controller. Cnccneot wsUnt OMaHtm. ten coo. 
laa cute r«hM or Alnuiira Muttyraka on 4 S9. loot 
Outer tem Hrcnrtwri SbvIm . . 

XUS Stuftccbunr Avenue 
London 
Wca«AD 



hat* the Hbranv * to dto 
wtine ■ wt t na to B» cay today 
rente, of Du a« U rr v. The 



School Secretary/ 
Bursar 


Established day pre pare loty school for 180 giris in 
Kensington requires a Secretaiy/Bursar on rgtife- 
RMnt of -present duties «no general accounting 
including PAYE- The Secretary/Bursar will also be 
rosponsiWe for domestic staff. 

ti b essential to have the abfaty to work dosely with 

the Directors of the school and me Headmistress hi 
a harmonious relationship. 

(■tenant worktop conditions and good boSdays. 
Safety from £&000 p^. 

PIMM apply wtth C. V to Mr F. J. Smith, Gabbttas- 
Thfiog Services l&L, B-8 SadcvUe Street, London, 
W1X 2BR. Tet 01-734 0161. 


mm c gugc gga scctck and technology 
CENTRE FOR BIOTECHNOLOGY 
SENIOR SECRETARY 


Lectureres} In assoaaeon with an A dm i nistrati ve As- 
sistant and a part-time secretary. The work involves 
infonnation trtosfer withm the Centre and with associ- 
ated poups ft other Departments and m Government 
and Industry; appointments and fikngr, typing of grant 
applications, reports, scientific papers and letters. 
Organisfeng ability essential together with good typing 
and shorthand stalls: experience with word proces- 
sors and elections typewriters an advantage. 
Salary in range £6.681 - £7,756 or £7,756 - £8,758 
ac co rd i ng to aoe and exoerience. 

Applications wm names of two referees to Or M 
Rangarajan. Centre of Biotechnology. Imperial 
College. London SW7 2AZ. preferably before 
February 21 sL 1986. 




owoune Kino 


EXECUTIVE PA. 

£ 10,600 

A new ap pointment has arisen within this presti- 
gious Victoria based company. Assisting the 
Director of Marketing you will provide a full PA 
service and be encouraged to give o pi nion s on new 

ideas. The abftty to socialise at ail levels is essen- 
tial and sfcffls of 120/60 are vitaL For more 
Infor ma t i on please contact us on 

499 8070 


[k j; ill . .3 <! 


TOO OLD AT 
40+? 

NONSENSE!! 

1 bave as cxtSnrive 
petition for an 
experienced S/H 

secretary. poMfiHy 
someone returning to 
work after bringing up a 
family. 

You wfll be Sec /PA to a 
Director of a Nattonat 
Newspaper Oroup. Hobas 
a very pirosant personality 
and deals with tbe 
engineering side of the 
ne wl .an exposure to 
c mS n eering terms would 
help. Salary circa -C9JS00. 

Mme eaH 
Roy Stockton, 
01-734 MM. 

Stockton Associates 


FOSTER CROUCH CONSULTANTS 

. MARKETING. ADVERTISING. 
PUBLIC RELATIONS. TELEVISION, 
FILMS AND PUBLISHING. 

Young Secretaries 21+ 

Do you hiw mme rooenroor a> fee world or PH a advonu* 
mp? Are you tookuig lor even more KOper would you uae 10 
wort, for a eenpaav fear recognneiiairoi aod promous mm 
wMMaV Is yaw tyoinv 56+ your utorttwni oo*. Are you 
lam to devstap your wp s n i ps . A nuniOer of Ism moving 
erttettf oMWUa would Hke to meet you. 

Conran us today tor an InHttl duL 

fo«S«r ate rinteutei . 243 FkrocMS Street. London WI. 



LEAVERS 
FUN CO’S 

I have 3 vacanefe for 
brlgM coUege leaven with 
good appearance and 
ipeecn. Two ctienes need 
ntin ao accurate typing 
and HMe word protesting 
exp or wHunffKM lo learn. 
Tbe iMrd ctienl needs no 
sec skius lust exceoem rae- 
senUHon and kernes*. Age 
17 • 20. Sals £5£00 - 
£6^00. 


Susan Beck 

B£CRd:Tf.*EN- O' Ois-024: 


WORDSTAR 

OPERATORS 

Urgently required for 
long and short term 
assignments. Paid 
holidays. sickness 
pay. and regular pay 
reviews etc. To find 
out more call Carolyn 
at Kelly Girl on 01- 
493 3051. 


Our clients, pan of a Emutn-million group, are established market leaden in 
licensed retailing. They now have a vacancy for a PA/Secreiaiy to work for the 
Marketing Director. 

The position! will involve you in a variety of tasks including budget control, 
itauon with design studios, advertising and PR agencies, and with their field based 
operating companies. 

This role provides the opportunity for someone who wishes to use their initiative 
and assume responsibly for independent action and decision making within the 

marketing team. 

Aged 25-35. you should have 2-3 years previous experience in a similar 
environment . and excellent typing skills as there win be extensive use of their 
Wang WP: shorthand is desirable. Numerate, with a lively, outgoing personality, 
vou win use your written and verbal communication skills to the foil at our dienis' 
luxurious Uxbndge location. 

In muni they are offering a salary of £9.250+ and a wide range of big company 
benefits. 

Please reply with foO CV to: Jennie Phsk. RBey Advertising (Southern) Limited, 
Rex Stewart Hobse, 159 Hammersmith Road. London W6 8BS. 


Secretary - Marketing 

Bovis International Limited, the worldwide construction company, 
seeks a Secretary to work within their Marketing and Sales Department 
in Central London. 

Though primarily secretariat the work will be varied and interesting, 
the potential for job development is good. 

You will deal with the marketing of high quality properties in Europe 
and inter-personal skills of the highest level are required. 

We are an Equal Opportunities Employer. 

If interested please ring 01-995 8961 for an application form or write to: 
The Personnel Department, Bovis International Limited. 10-13 
Hcaih field Terrace. Chiswick. London W4 4JE 

A member of the P & O Group 


COMMITTEE OF 
DIRECTORS OF 
POLYTECHNICS 

Assistant Secretary 
(Public Relations) 

Theorindpal responsibility wifl be the development of 
the Committee's public relations and publxaty. Other 
duties wffl indude general administration in a small 
and busy office- Journalistic experience and knowl- 
edge of the higher education system would be an 
advantage. 

initial salary (n the range £11.810 - £13,725, fodusiva 
of London Weighting. 

Applications by letter, giving c.v. and naming two ref- 
wees. to Or M S Lewis, Secretary. COP, 3ti9 Regent 
Street. London W1R 7PE, from whom further details 
may be obtained (Tel: 01-637 9939). 

Closing date: Friday. 28 February 1986. 



ADVERTISING 

AGENCY 

We are looking for a cheerful, capable and 
experienced secretary to look after two direc- 
tors and help run the office. Good typing and 
organisational skills essential. If you are a 
coper with a sense of fun. give Emma a ring on 
01-405 9991. • 

(No agencies) 


P/A SEC SW1 
£1 0,000 /£10,500 

MO at ManutangruMl S*r- 
urn DfbbHw rrouirn Jin 
ofMni&mg PA Scr wno will 
rnmy taxing mrotmtaiiiy 
and dsumi iMr mteuinr 
Oood sfcilH <100 60 * WPi 
arr rarnuL togrUte Mill a 
Kterac o I ftomour and tout 
ulto ptcsrotaiHM. 

Ptoton ptwnr SaUy Own on 
OI 25S 8427 
4 Pool Sirm. 

London SWIX 90- 


Kmm : E 


GEM OF A JOB 

£ 10,000 

GH no, from not no*- 
lartal rater. Protect manager 
o( liu. rrooMlnaoo. bmii 
pa tem st4 typing * wp io 
«N involved tn various 
protect*, towny wm togal or 



IBM DISPLAY WRITER OPERATOR 
£10,000 4- BONUS 

Top legal ftnm rwqt il iro a dedicated operator with legal 
experience. You will Be using your audio skills, varied 
work witich is extremely Interesting, very friendly 
company, working with 3 other eoueagnes- "Interviews 
immediately. 

Please contact Paula Howe on 439 4001 
Office Systems Recruitment Services 
116 Shaftesbury Avenue 
London 
WC2 BAD 


REC/TEL/TYP - 40 WPM 
UP TO £9,000 
CITY 

Exptert e ncro remmMsi neeOM tor tote wmalL pmogtous 
rompany Mini be a responuMe tenon as you wui be dealing 
w«u> imp ui t am nvno 
PtMte ghoM Jane< Andrews on 023-1655. 

Alfred Marks necromnenl CDnadtrab 
165 Fentinnh ureel 
London EC3M 6BL 


MULTILINGUAL 

EXECUTIVE 

SECRETARY 

with flurni win™ and spa. 
fei Cnetoii for a ootilion 
hated In London add Berk- 
tii ire. Appi Kants snouM be 
tree to irnfl abroad exten- 
u<eiv. They mould aho be 
weft aqualnled wtui London 
and luie had business iratel 
naeniw* Appikantt musi 
aho be dmerx. hair neres- 
wrv wort. Permns lor 
E riband and be aged over 35 
Pieate wnd fun C.v . recent 
photo and references lo Fiat 
6. 52 Pom Street. London 
SWl 


MISON 




O a A Level 

SPECIALISTS 

Mathematics. Economies and 
the Sciences 

Foe details; 

The Prumpal. Ashbourne 

Tutors. 59 61 Kensington 

High Street. London wa 
SEQ 

TeL 01-957 3858 1 


MAGAZINE 

S11,000 


neodS Up loo PA. CxcrHeoi 
GH typing tt Wl» reod 
though very sttdom roed. 
Get involved to protects, con- 
ferences tk conventions. 
Travel perks. 


CITY: 01-4812345 
WEST END: 01-938 2188 


PR FOR YOU 

IN *86? 

Would you tike to work in 
Wl? Do you wish to be tn 
PR? Could you handle 
£8.600 + perks? Do you 
like variety and working 
for one Director and do 
you have sh/lyping 
80.60? If Ute answer fa 
yes please phone Very an 
Clarke on 01-Z3G 8427 
4 Pont Street London 
SWIX 9EL 


Km 1 ‘EE 



LEGAL APPOINTMENTS 


Peterborough regime an rnlhu- 
tiaslir solicitor lor toetr 
criminal. Iiiiwnn and main- 
•nontal dep a rtments A 

generous salary n Qd terra to- 
getner wtin earrileni future 
PfPtoerts. Apply wtth run CV to 
Richard Hill Wyman a Abbott 
55 PVMUgate PWrrbotough 
pci UR 


To £10,500 




Graduate PA See 25-52 

100-50 Cor Director at Per- 
sonnel Ini Co CCI. Ideally 
with personnel evpertence'or 
a desire to devrtap a carter 
In personnel. 

To £12,000 CITY 

PA Sec 30-02 100 50 wp 
For a newty appointed dtrrc- 
lor of tot Go Financial 
background would be . an 
advantage. J 

Phone OI 754 3768 or<OI- 
A5T 8476 153 Osford Sbrrel 
iwc eonsi 

MILLER 

McNISH 


HNANCIAL MANAGEMENT CONSULTANT 

You have no doubt seen vaca n dea lor Hnancirt Manageriora 
ConsUBants pnd hp« pdftnp* twondofed wttal exactfy sntife. 

in ■ Pot of cron it means seAng Life Aniranc* Panrioni «nd 
kti«nranl Ptare. Howms, at Atiad Duita a moare * tMiMffi. 


AO on* of the counfees hrgrot FhgnoU kettfetions, in arc tt a 



DUNBAR 


THE HNANCIAL MANAGEMENT CRXIP 


HELPING 

OTHERS 

Wl A 

CROYDON £NEGOTIABLE 

Success After Sixty is a specialist 
employment agency, part of a lead- 
ing recruitment group, dealing 
'sympathetically with the varied 
employment needs of the early 
retuea. Locating appropriate full or 
part time work in liaison with a 
wide range of employers we now 
need two additional consultants, 
who should have a commercial 
background, good communication 
skills, and above all enjoy helping 
other people. 

Please contact: Miss Y Pedretti, 
Success After Sixty, 

40/41 Old Bond Street, W1X 3AF 

Tel no: 01-629 0672 




VOUMS OKADUATES wlUi we«. 
tor la) iteilKfor imuerarV wortc 
In LnnorelUn. Chanhn and 


maiwai tout. Phw ran Prov 
»«t TteAw rauu wmi 604 


1WMM Muilntitrptor tS.BOO 
A5 romp, nvstrre lot- 1 Co. 
SWl Phono 251 5061 Key. 
iKHir rntp ogv 


AT P5LL I WY rrgupraan expo- 

IHWN WUI HOW «KNMtnl 

toppx CS.000 Ml Pirroc uro 
pMllP OI 928 5454, 


ivrtM to run VIP hnrenn on 
wow of nw nrmm or im 
twrft known firm Of muor 
MnU5 VBur *o«« iLWa wlft hr 
nurd to arqpnno ciuafteun t 
rttont* rod anouM promotional 
NMK. as util M create floral 
harmony m I nr rrrrgnon arra- 
Ayr aCV2fi. r C8.000, Call 
Angela Mortmi Ud- iRn 
Conti 01-420 MM. 


A SWISS MOVEMENT OF AID TO 

CHILDREN 

invites applications Cot the following field posts 


f VI .<1 j.i J. ir lit/: 


A very rtutihKtgtng and rrspontibte post. Including, 
amongfl otiwr nmetrans. the creation and d tract! on of new 
prefects fdr children in prison. Candidates must hav« work- 
ing experience In dnehipuig countries, preferably India. 

SRI LANKA : REPRESENTATIVE 

To fake re^mnstUUty far all extsUna and future child wel- 
fare protects in the country. 

Both posts demand: an eleme nt ary working knowl- 

edge of (tancti 

conMderaWe Ln-oountry travel. 

Cantran : 9 years. 

Cate of appointment: as soon as possible. 

Please write for more informal: on and for an ^plication 
(arm. mentioning Ute post applied for to*. 

TERRE DES HOMMES 

ServKt du personneLCase postale 388. 

CMepo&Ude 388. 

CH 1000 LALSANME 9. 


SALES MANAGER 

An mortunffy for Uw lop safes executive U> Mn Ihe mast 

prognastt-e contract cleaning company in London, a 
proven track record and deUmntnaUon lo succeed IS essen- 
tial. The company offer me full backup of me highest 
standard of work and management. A top salary will m 
paid lo the successful appUcuu. Apply in writing ; 

Managing Director 
Casna Croup 
172 Hoe Street 
London £17 



To £10,500 
PERSONNEL 

CrMiHte PA. Src 20-92 
too BO far Direr ror « Per 
ymiM In i Co ECI hull, 
i*ifh prruintw.| notertenrr dr 

a deure io detetop a career 
in personnel 

To £12,000 CITY 

PA See SOAZ too SO wp 

For u iw-wli- appotnlrd dine- 

■or « ml CD Finonrul 
oock ground would be an 
tihanugr 

Phone 01 T54 37d« or OI 
457 8476 155 Oxldrd Sired 
irw rot iv 

MILLER 

McNISH 


Arc >ou ambitious? 
Sclf-moiivaied? 

Would you like io run 
your own business? 
Our Nationwide 
Company is rapidlv 
expanding. If you are 
23+ and willing, to 
work hard for an 
above-average in- 
come. contact Bruce 
Wilson on> 

01-187 3561 


































MIM.HKHHS.inTKI 
aad M MKMMMM MM a 
fa** WS VAT. 

umdmubb 3 hum) 

. Aimouncaaianis. judhena. 
caM tjy me unr and 
p gnaim ii addma of me 
aendv. may be sent to: 

THE 7DIKS 
roam 4M 


-or telephoned my Mt i *™ 
MBKiloen only) aw M 4*1 
MM. 

Atmcunrrmena can pa re* 
wHtd tv ww tt wiw i h w w ii 

9L0O4U and SJOpm. Mon- 

day to Friday, on Saturday 
b rt wecn 9 00 am and 
tanoon. i4U 40M Orty). For 
p»*fc«Uon the faUowtag I 
day. pnone tv 1 3opm 


WWHW3. eir on Court and 
Social Page. £C ■ Baa ♦ 1S% 
VAT. 

own and Social Pag* an- 
aaU BW m m a can not be 
accepted by letenhone En- 
. oulilea K>. 01 <81 41M 
Moot other dmtfM adver- 
tia eme nM can be accepted fay 
letenhone. The deadline is 
UOm a (bun prior to publi- 
cation ue. SOOpra Monday 

for Wednesday}. Should you 
wuh to aend an adverwt- 
imh In writing ptaow 

include your oaytbne phone 

manner. 


PAfmtOir. H you have any 
outrun or u i u M w i m mating 

to yow advertisement once It 
has ap p ea rod please coo tael 

our Customer Services De- 
partment by tebobene on OI- 

482 30M 


For Itoe weapons, of oor warfare 
are nd carnal but mighty I BWujh 
Cod w me putUno down of sarong 
holds. 

3 Carta lotos 104 


BIRTHS 

BEAUMONT - On February 
12th at the Princess Mary 
Maicmliy Hospital, Newcas- 

• Ue-apon Tyne, lo Tessa and 
* . Wentworth a daughler. 

BEE on 12th February 1986 to 
Carol tree Chappell) and Da- 
vid. a daughler Sarah 
Qfrabeth. 

BfELECKI * On February mh 
at SI. Georges. Tooting, to 
Pamnu inee ElUoti) and 
Jurek. a second son. Kazimir 
Jack, a brother for Anton. 
CORFflELO - On February 6th 
lo Lindsay and Tim. a son 
Thomas Channer. 

FANDMU WHITBURN . On 
27Ui January, at The 
Middlesex Hospital lo 
Bhuptndrr and Richard a 
, daughler. Jessica Anna, 
sister to Tara. 

FOfZDHAM - On February 3rd 
“ to Jane (nee Lawrence) and 
John, a son. Thomas 
- Frederick John (Toro). 
GIBSON On 9th February to 
■ Marion and Ian a son. Grant 
Edward, a brother for rob. 

- GRfEVESON On February 6th 
■" ai Queen Charlotte's Hospl- 
■ tal. to Caroline inee FlftoyJ 
" and Michael, a son SUnon 
Thomas, a brother for 
-■Robert 

“(MtfHtHS On February 8th 
*■_ -at Portsmouth to Terha cnee 
* . fMtUwrt and David, a son. 

. Edward Richard, a brother 
. for Francis. 

° HAND On 7th February at 

• Lewtsham Hospital to Cath- 
enne tnee Allen) and David 

„ Hand, a daughter. EndJy 
„ Judith, staler for Rachel. 

. HAZEL TON - On January 29th 
. lo Janet <nte Gortetl Mltehein 
i and Peier. a son Robert 
> Thomas Alexander. 

- HENSON - on February 11 th In 

- Seattle, to Sally inee Bates) 
c and Christopher, a daughler. 

*. Alexandra Sheila. 

MNKS On .Thursday 30 January 
>. 1986 loKrtin and CaroUneroee 
Grtirilhi at me Portland Hoot 
. ut a aawohHr Stephanie Oauv. 

_ Thanking an ip attendance. 

. IUNNEAR - on 2nd February 
. lo Bryony wed Goombe) and 
. Angus, a daughler CrasxJa. 

- LLOYD-JflNES On February 
- ; 10th to Sarah (n*e Williams) 

' and Jonathan, a son Thomas 

Martin . 

' MONTY On KXh January to 
Carotin inee Tanner' and Ouy. 
a hui. Miles John Andreas 

SUMMER On 6th Febnmry to 
Julian and Julia uiee Cob, . , 
IIiki. a daughter Jessica, a r 
staler for Jade. 

SYMONS On I2ih February, 
ai Bridle. Holland, to 
Michele inde O'Neill) and 
Marfa n, a daugther. 

THOMAS - On February 12 th 
in Newcastle, to Julia (nee 
Saneanti and Julian, a 
daughter Megan. 

VUES On lUh February to , 
Margaret (nee Watson) and 
Robin, a Son. Sutton Mark, a 
brother lor Ben and Joanna- 
WATKMS On February 7th lo 
Tim and Anna (nee 
Bretherton) a son. Edward 
James Cordon, a brother for 
Jesaca. 


PERSONAL COLUMNS 


IN MEMORIAM 
-PRIVATE 


CORBIE - 12th February. 
1985 David Montgomery 
Lu (flatten Come: in toving 
memory... They flash upon 
that inward rye... a host of 
S<Wden daffodils'. 


ANNOUNCEMENTS 


lo build a final block of 13 hats 
in a coumrypde Sheltered 
Homes Comomi for pension- 
ers. Could be in memory at 
som e urr. F m c rtl y genuine. 
References availUM. FOT lUT- 
uvr de tans wnle to The 
Chairman. Andros Almshouse 
Charity. C O Hi. Sown 
Road- Haywards Heath. West 
Sussex. RH16 4LZ. 


SELF-CATERING SPAIN. 


SOTOCftANDE ■ near Gthrattar. 
rttotrf private- into-, and apart- 
ment in rural are*. otcHIcti I 

gotl. imnis and rid mg Ota 

MerkeUe 40 mnurs POkner 6 
Parker iQlI *U 6736. 



SELF-CATERING 

GREECE 


MARRIAGES 


SR MALCOLM WILCOX CSE 
AND MBS J DAVENPORT 

The marriage look place on 
February 8m 1986 between 
Sir Malcolm WUrox CBE. 
and Mrs Judith Davenport. 


BIRTHDAYS 


TO UNCLE TUTU, who is only 
Hat 40. Many Mueti Happy Re- 
turn. Love and Kim from 
Alastair and MKIUMLXXX 


FWS NEW PARTNER* thru- 
HEDI FISHER INTRODUC- 
'D Of-CS- SA£ 14 Beauchamp 
PLSWS 01-3676006. MCP 36 
56 In demand. 

rm IBIfC CVS professionally 
wniirn and p rod u ced 
curriculum ittar document. 
Details; 01-580 2969. 

rairaiHH P. Love or Mantogt 
Alt ap es, areas. Daletlne. Dept 
<7STi 23 Abingdon Road. Lon- 
don wa. Tel. 0*938 toil. 

■EAURPU. BULDOKS lovtngly 
restored by experts, re roofing 
NT. 4904 489091. 

INTERIOR DEMON female interi- 
or drssg n er can help you to 
urn* on your redemr an on 
and to nuuniwe your own 
Ideas. As much or as Httle heto 
as you want. Consunadoa £30 
oer hour. Tel 01689 1883. 


LEGAL SERVICES 


US VISA MATTERS. Edward S. 
Cudeon. US lawyer. 17 
Bubarodc sl. London Wi. 01. 
466 0813. 


Limned pvauaMny. Angto 
Grerfc (amdy offer oeauuitu 
prh ale rtilw stuotoo. Some 
Him soots, come or beam, 
some lurked away in uny 
whue Cretan muon. 
Watenpen. rar Idre. maid 
service. We offer « very per. 
«ui wke al nmRWiie 
rales, (Sense ring for our 
small friendly brochure. 

01 094 4469. 6296 


SELF-CATERING 

FRANCE 


PRIVATE VILLAS with pools tn 
South of France I ram £490 wk 
Id £9.000 wk In August. Palm- 
er ana Parker «049 «6V> 54V3. 


Lost Paradise in 
North Africa 
DJERBA THE GEM 
162? Fro mrougn m Ocl 

Sun HOC 74Y T ones of dr- 
rorted ran dy beaches, papm. 

■uper noMfwim pools tormts 

- . windsurf. 


UP UP & AWAY 

NWTOOI. Jo-BOTO. Cairo. Du: 
bai. ManbuL Singapore. K L. 
Drtld. BenNtok. Hong Kong. 
Sydney. Euroop. A The 
Americas. Ftandngo Travel. 
3 New Quebec a. Marble 
Arm London WlH 7DQ. 

01-402 9217 / 18 / 19 ; 

Open Saturday lO OD 13.00 


AMERICA 

AUSTRALIA 

N2 

For low COM flights. Hus CO- 


SPECIAL 


NON*. Spanish Riding School. 
8 personalty conduced tours in- 
clude lad dress p erformance 3 
prK au- van lo u m w r stud 
al Piber. Fun dreads PhUUp Si- 
mon Travel Id. 0404 44191 
ABTA. 


01-930 2556 

Heiiids Travel 
36 Whitehall SW1 
ABTA 3483X 


★★SAVE £££★★ 
♦★la C1ASS++ 
♦♦TOURIST CLASSY ♦ 
AROUNETTHE WORLD 
♦BOOK NOW FOR 86 * 
*s*o*t *# MaajjMd- 



. mu ofien m. imhp. DroW or 
*ir hi staff IOC 6 otvnrot Ad 
Pair Agmfy Ltd. 87 RegnMaSt. 
London. 01 439 6634 
CHMB6E CHET Reouiml to NX. 
Ewtu o cc d Cehnwt soofcen. 
Salary neoMUbla. Teh 01-434 
5864 Mtas Wong. 


SITUATIONS WANTED 


American woman BA A UA 
History of Art See** sales past- 
UOB at west End Superb 
promt e xp ecenm m UK ana 
US (mod and wholesale! air 
inuoi or sued arts, together 
-with wnoie hearten enthusiasm 
>ad innate understanding of 
American Buyers. CV and refer l 
men available. Reply to BOX 
BIB, . 


LOOKWC FOR A P-A7 a so. a 
nun mao would like to hear 
from you. All offer-v considered. 
For full CV and ref erence*, re- 
ply to BOX BIT. — 

■ 61 F. 34. mtettgoni. u«B wo- 
ken. needs to earn a tot nf 
money outrkiy. Anything con- 
starred. Ring (0323) 896923 
after 6-JO 


MORTGAGES 


FAST 


BeoturM to handle furnished 

kw in ormni Lonaon m 
morn for cMMSlasn and 
wj uv succeed. W# will oHer 
firu class salary package, 
r x rciwnl gensrets 
Teh ref MUB Robert Irving A- 
Bum 23-94 Maraarct Sum 
London. WIN 8LC- 
01-8X7 6821. 



BUSINESS 

OPPORTUNITIES 


Agents throughout the UK. 
High Mnfap on a comtnlssl nn 
basis. Fun produce crauung pro- 
vided. For further aerstla wrUe 
to Fsrmami Computers. River- 



SKI WHIZZ 

* * * 

Catsrsd Chalet Porhaa 
FANTAsnc BARsaafS m 

Feb 15tfa £109 
Feb 22nd £219 

tortuMve fliflhta. food 3 fun 

Ring 01-370-0999 

ATOL 1830 


Csrhsle. Cum orta. CAl 3B8. 
Tab <0338) 48348. 


PUBLIC NOTICES 


-•TALTSi (A THAMES' New lox- 
ury sen mourned two bedroom 
apanmcnL- Lease 1. year. tUS 
per week- 36 ndmAes Waterloo 
AvodaUe 16tn Fsoroafy. "Tal 
O4S3 240B97. 

MKnCM Bank urgently l*- 
wsm luxury data amt hows 
non £200 £ 1.000 pw. Rmg 
Bunms Estate 1 Ageota 591 6136 

DOCHUMa Houses A Flats 
throughout ibe Dortdpnlfa^*: 
for CO. U8. From EHXJpw. 

Docklands Property Centra OS- 
638 4411 

FULHAM. - Su perior roaefeus 2 
bed flat, rtose lube Bereft, new 
kii diner, washer ikysr. Lgr 
corn, gun- £ias pw. Oo. Lat 
Trt 01736 1076. SSI BBS7. 

HAMHIUU VIULACK loan ? 


rage. Co let fid flafiOpw 

March 3..TN 794 8394 / 348 
; - 0634. 

■BEAL FOB VISITORS. South 
Kensington, hocury (Ut-tor Z 
Maid service, bn. srieoncsir. 
cotour TV. CSl etc. 01-684 
9414 or 01-786 4961. - 

KEJ f rmOT ON in oH Chore h 
Street, newly dacoratotf. As*. 
Dished house. 3 aero 3 baths. 3 
reCVUS. £3SO pw T6 937S763 

lopon flats and bo«» J "sS^rS^ 1 °S 5 if ! 

prone Central London arms. J 

from £300 pw. curahto con- ■ MPiagemmr 01-940 4565. 
stanune. 970 Carl* court Road. 

SW5. Tel: 01-344 7963. Tdn. 


HOU-AMS PARK Wll to an at 
trarthe ouiet cui-de sa c. a fully 
ftanmed newly butfl maw Lgr 
SU wKh balcony. IcU'dlner. 2.-3 
beds dtnlng room. 3 baths. Co. 
Let. 13 yrs prof. £379pw. W 
01-409 2399 H 01-603 6461. 


We have a superb mlertlon of 
pervonalty Inspected fur- 
nfehed and unlwntabed 
properties to many fine Red- 
dMUN dtatneta. rsnguw 
from Cl SO pw to £3^00 pw 


The Letting Agent 
URGENTLY REQUIRED 

American MuH l-Nauonai 

cmoaiw see k! an etogam 
and sMctoui home sutubJe 
for rnurtauiltag In Cornea, 
Bmgravia KntghcabrMge -or 
Kensington Mr a tong lerm 
tenancy. For a pr o fes s to nal 
service and advice please 
comacl (hr gcdtnlna and 
mV for Elaine Mdr. 

01 589 2133 


36 Cwopemi sunspots. 

From is UJC Airports, 
winter Bumtnar frX39. 
Telephone Tawucws for 
ImlanI rooflnnatlcsi. 
Minctvder 061-833 

53031-5661. 

London 01-340 0231 -3183. 
Noutognara 0602 699639. 
ATOL 1613 Acossa/Voa. 


BARBICAN Luxury Renowuse. 
(idly furmshed. living dlnliig 
room, dressing/ be d roo m , kitch- 
en. balh.wc. large terrace, 
panor ami c views. Baneoate M 
01-638 6933. 


WANTED 



Ol 585 0148 or 01-238 3716 
ROOD QUALITY MDCSHCAR 
nurctaMd. ‘ALMOST NEW* 
303 Uxbndge Rd W13. OI-5T9 


wanted. 01430 7131. 


SKI SUPERTRAVEL 
CHALETS FROM 
£199 

S C APPTS FROM C 14900 
rUghts « Transfers only - £99 

01-584^5060 

CHALET STANDBY £146 
Personal callers only on 
Thors Frl. 23 Ham Place 
KMpfitsbrldge SWi 


HDL MIKMAim 16 & 23 
r«6 from only £i4Se p. Val d‘ 
Here A Les Arcs, inclialve ca- 
lered holidays. Cau SW- Val. 
01-903 4444 or 01-300 

60BO(3««rsL ABTA. 86431. 
ATOL. 1163. 


NOTICE b hereby given that the n-xinr^Tir Ti.'i i.^mniiuuw 
n fly-sPQ h ANNUAL CENERAL hj^anpc views, tmrorooie M 

MEETING Of King Edward VITl s«5. 

Hospilal tor Ofllcero Stater Agnes — 

Founder woi pe held m Agnes 

Keyser House. Be a u m ont StraeL ■ ^ . ... . _ 

UMTOWIN LRDMLOOni.ai HAMPSTEAD VRJIAAC. Luxury 
hMb. aui MtolTim to! m ode m 3 bedroomed Mews 
ordtorMr IK Brooks. H^use House. Garage £250 pw Fldl 
Oovamor oroot ^ cm. AvaUaMe as from March. 

Company let Prof. Tel 01-348 

man oe saeetned to socn nonce, i 0834 or 01-794 8294 


or In defaon thereof they urfH be 
AUSTRALIA. NZ. Fa East to fan I excluded from led benefit of any 
Worldwide, low cost fUgntt 
Eurorbeck. 018*3 461& 


LATIN A—B UC AII TRAVEL. 

Contact the experts to Lathi 
America. Chib A IN Caasa. Ca- 
ribbean. LLS.A. « Mexico. 
Sunalr. 01-629 1130 
LATM AMERICA Low COM 
flights eg. Rio £804. Lima 
£476 nn. Also toaaM croup 
Hoi may jota-neys. JLA 01-747- 
-3108 

LATM AME RIC A. Small group 
holiday tourneys and low cost 
fHgnts for tadeoendeol travel- 
Im. JLA. 16 Devonshire R4-. 
London W4. 01747-31 OR 



of newty con v ert e d flats 
In web appealed period 
house. Avail now t-4 
iwhs. From £130 pw to 
£250 pw oo/vm only. 
Also avattaMe Mews 
house in Holland Rack. 2 
bedims, recto, ut A ham. 
BBC Avail 3-4 ratos 



tfiKSTER MEWS WZ Wo» 
derfui newty dec. irienor 
designed Mews house, 
with tofge roof tanace 
Garage, 2/3 bads. 1-2 
receps, Kitchen, al appL 3 
baths. £4S0 pw Mg. 
PRBfflOSE I«1 NWt 

Superb 1st floor flat n 
new conversion. K bed- 
cooms. fe receps. tatchan 
afl apd, ba tfa ooro with 


A CDTtavea targe Srtertion of 
flab and bouses available for i 
week * Arm Ciatfa.. 499 


‘ FLAT5HARE 


BENR A BlHNCMOF tor tony 
properties to St Johna wood. Re 
gents Park. Mattfa Vale. S*d» 
COB A Hampstead 01686 7661 
CLAMOUR Pretty 3 bed- lioum 

. waDgdn.. dose tr a nsport. «uW A 
sharers at £55 pgpw Bochazv 
ans-351-7767. 


Scurtous 2 bedroom iiaL tasse- 
fuby dec All aaomies. Co let. 
£366 PW. Tel: Ol 828 6091 >3 
DULWICH VHJLAOE Sta*Tt> 8 
bed. 3 bath Edwarakw house, 
tousac decor. £230 per wee k 
CM Keytiald 01-733-4518. 



FOR SALE 


DEATHS 


ASHBURMR - On 9Ut Pebnr 
ary peacvfliUy. Uond Hector 
Tracey lAshi. Funeral ser- 
vice and cremaiion al 
Canford Crematorium, bus- 
lot. an Monday i7Ui 
February at 2.00 pm. Family 
flowers only. Donations, u 
desired- 10 RAF Benevolent 
Fund or 10 Cancer Research. 
MILT -On 8th February 1966 

- suddenly al home. William 
Sinclair (BUI) husband of 
Patricia. Cremation on 
Thursday February I3«h at 
2 30 pm al Putney Vale. No 
flowers by reouesL but 

. donations, if wished, (o The 
National Canine Defence 
League. 6a Pratt Street 

■ • London NWi. 

feOON Walter, peacefully in 
Hospital on 9th February 
1966. Dearly loved husband 
of Maudie. fondly remem- 
bered by friends and 
relatives Cremation ai South 
London Crematorium. Row- 
an Road. SWI6 on Friday 
. 2tst February at 12 noon. 
BUCHANAN On February 
I Oth peacefully al SI Anne's 
Manor in her 80th year. Bar- 
bara Helen beloved wife of 
the taie Sir Charles 

- Buchanan BL and much 
loved mother of Georgina. 
Carol. Andrew and Hugh. 
Family funeral al St Anne's 
Church. Sutton Bonington, 
on Tuesday 18 th February at 
3.00pm. No flowers, but 

- donations In memory 10 

■ National Gardens Scheme. 

CANTUE On nth February 
1986 at home after a long ID- 
ness Lieutenant Colonel 
Kenneth Canute, aged 86. 
Private cremation Service of 
Committal al Cotiered 
Church. Herts on Tuesday. 
18th February at 2.30 pm. 
Flowers may be senl 10 Ken- 
yons. 132 Freslon Rd. 
London WIO by 4am on 
Monday. 1 TU 1 February. A 
memorial service wll) be held 
al St Michaels Church. Ches- 
ter Square. London SWi at 
noon on Wednesday. 26th 
February. 

CARR On February 8 Ul Molly 
1 Molly Walker-Cam of Easi 
. Wittering and late of 
Croydon. Service Friday. 
February V«Ui. al Chtchcsier 
C remat orium al 4 pm. 
CEARHS - Crace on February 
I2lh at Downs House. 
Peterofield peacefully In her 
93rd year- Funeral at 
Guildford Crematorium. 
Compton. Tuesday I 8 U 1 Feb- 
ruary al 3-30 p.m. 

DALE - Leonard Hurworth. 
CBE dl. aged 69 yean, of 
Okanagan. Gristhorpe. Filey. 
Yorkshire, died peacefully In 
Portugal on 7 th February 
1 986. Sen m 21 Si. Oswald's 
ChurcfL Fdey at 12 30 pm on 
Monday i7ih February 
1986. followed by private 
family cremation al 
Woodlands Crematorium. 
Scarborough. Family flowers 
only please. Donations. U 
desired, to SJ. Catherine's 
Hospice. 137 Seamy Road. 
Scarborough or Scarborough _ 
Flower Fund Home, c-o 
Coutaon & Go. 2 Beigrave 
Crescent, Scarborough. - 
Funeral Directors T.W. - 
Tindall A SOn, 116 Main 
Street. Cayton. Scarborough 
Tel 0725 982523. 

DESPKlfT Nigel Stanley, 
peacefully at home on loth 
February 1986 aged 60 h 
years. Service Friday. Feftru- 
.ery 14th. 12. IS pm, Perth 
Cramatornan. No Dowers 
please. Donations if United 
Highland Hospice AppeoL 
PO Box IOO. Inverness. 


RESISTA CARPETS 
SALE NOW ON 


Marove nocks or wool Mend- 
ed Berbers Irina £3.95 + 
VAT. Plus many Mrpum la 
room son. In all auaUlto. 


2S5 Now Kings Road 
Parsons Green SW6 

Tel: 01-731 2588 

hw etUmate - Expert ffitbip 


EXqumVE hand made beaded 
drew 1 004. xUk (tanurtesi. 
£160- £600. Teteunooe Mrs 
CoUuh 01-994 3362- 


nwsr quality wool carpels. Al 
trade prices and under, alee 
available 1001 extra Large 
room slat- remnants under half 
normal price. Chancery Carpets 
01 405 .0463. 

CANTEEN of gam ptan ad cvmery. 
136 Meres to Learner Maid ta- 
ble. as new. Coal £2.300 wtUv 
We tone guarantee £690.0226 
388460 

CATS, STAR U Mff EXPRESS 
We nave ucfcelx lor ome and ali 
mealre and mrb. Tel: 631 
3719. 637 1 71S. All motor 
credit cards. 

THE TIMES Original hours 1845- 
1986 Other uues avail Hand 
bound ready lor presentation - 
aiao -Sundays- £12.60 met. 
Remember When 01-688 6323 

ENCYCLOPAEDIA BrilaraUca. 
Latesl 1501 edition. COO £1200. 
ainoiulety as new. £696. Ol 
699 5411. 




ANTIQUES & 
COLLECTABLES 



EILAT 


On the RED SEA-1SRAEL 
Wttaro the sun takes 
Its winter holiday 
Factious February 
Its 70* In the shade 
Depart I98i Feb 
BfB 7nts Mod 
KosM £219 £239 

2* Hotel £290 £309 

3* Hotel £259 Eri« 
4* Hotel £301 E40S* 

5* Hotel £365 £535 

Ho ab^g re pplg re i ua 

ViED DEPS FROM LUTON 
CHAD REDUCTIONS 
. AVAILABLE 

TWICKERS 

WORLD 

01-486 8371/ 
01-892 7606 


GENERAL 


PfHVATE VRXAS wub pools In 
South of France rrom £460 wk 
m May lo £ 7 O O O wk In August. 
Palmer and Parker (049 481) 
6413. 


Chance Of a Hfectme. leaving 
London on May 11 craning Sa 
tiara Desert to Ethoplus. Kenya 
and Mun lo London, cost 
£1.800 incKMIng aft food, 
medicals and tares for Male and 
Female. Must be fit Unwed 
number of places. Depout se- 
cured. To tom. write personal 
details to Expedition leader, l 
Eagle Street. Howarth. Keigh- 
ley. Weil Yorkshire. 


Family Flat a few mm 3 , from 
American School, tube & bus. 3 
beds, recep./diner, ftd. -kit. AvaiL 
12 mths. 

£240 per week. . 

UHlt Vcakt Offices 01-2SG 4632 


*w>de range of quality furnished ' 
and iintumished property. 

• FuD Management Service. 1 


CHESTERTONS 

R ESIDENTIA L— 



2 bedrm. Flai in heart of Dock- 
lands with views of R-Thames and 
Greenwich. Spacious recep. with 
balcony, kit {all machines). Grge. 
Long leL 

£195 per week. 

Hyde Park Offica: 01-262 5060 


DOMESTIC & CATERING 
SITUATIONS 


MUSICAL 

INSTRUMENTS 


PIANO SALE* Pianola special 
or And Sire £5.500. Strtnwav 
Near York C9.S0O. The Almynr 
upnom £1 990 Many Older pt- 
anos recondiuoned and new 
rangmg Irani £400 lo £11.000 
we also undertake repairs, 
nuungs ana contrurt mcliite- 
nanre We do all work of lumpy 
and main Wntao panos an the 
062. Almyre Lid. 12 Ealing 
Lane. Totten. Souuuraplon. 
Trt: fOTOS) 868526 or 37412 
Ext 37 



CHEF REQUIRED 

For busy wefl respect- 
ed SWi [ Restaurant. 
French/English cui- 
sine. Must • be 
experienced and have 
professional back- 
ground. Small but 
hectic kitchen - 60-70 
covers. Very good sal- 
ary for the right 
person. 

Tel J. Beswick 
01-228 6133 


boom travel tor I baby sole 
marge. Mother tele man orial 
exer. Salary doom Contort 
Grove* Agency (beamed). 36 


FEE& £70 PM XO In per 
subprci 




WOUCV HALL: name Rudy for 
OCE. London Degrees. STEC 
Prospectus: The PrinetaM. Dept 
Ai_2. Wotsey Hag. Oxford 0X2 
6PPL Trt: 0866-64331 (24 hrj). 

RONHAM66 wk. full tone. C20th 
vnual Arts Course torn. 38ts 
April. Apply Principal 01-584 
0667. 


RENTALS 


TEMPORARIES 

We are keen to recruit additional 
temporaries, particulary W.P. Operators to 
keep pace with the demands of 1986. 

With our competitive rates and immediate 
bookings, you can find your ideal 
permanent job and be paid while looking. 

.-. Call Judi Hutton or 
Lucy Arnold • 

• 629 8863 

■=""~HODGE 

RECRUITMENT 


TRAVEL 

ORIENTATED? 

Spectatol tour operator 
reaunva a bnont. rompdent 
sect-nary lor their busy Chrt- 
leo offlnv - 

Excellent telephone manner. 
fM and. accurate typing and 
W-P experience, are an 
essential. We are ttmtongfo 
someo t to who ti nuMralc. a 
good aanuntatraior with a 
sense of h u mo u r. Good sala- 
ry ovgonable lor toe ngM 
person- Pius travel concea- 





JUNIOR SECRETARY /ADMIN ASSISTANT 
FOR YOUNG FASHION COMPANY 

Unfcioe oiANirt unity to fatn our young and raphfly 
expanding company fresett In fhe West Fn* 

we urgently requires bright krteUgeK aod harttwortdng 
person for (his varied and eqtpyaMe position. 

B you have good secretariai skOs. good preseritatttoi and 
ofBce. Ptease phone or write u> 

The Personnel Manager. N.V.R. Ltd. 

^)d Floor. 9-10 Market Place. London WI. 
Telephone: 631 4295. • - 


MEMORIAL SERVICES 


A MEMORIAL SERVICE tor Nn 

Man. Alu-e. StiaW. Gardiner 

wmow of oypsy Mm. win be 

hrtd M ta Pauls Church. 
Cm Bril on. London. SW17 BBC 
M 2 30 »JH. on WrtncMar. 
mn Frbruaiy 1986 
HOWARD • a MrmortBi Sailer 
« TtltaUtolna Me me Me Md 
work of Sta John Howard O L . 
WN ne mm in Bedford School 
Ctuprt. al 230 pm. on 

Wednesday B6th February 

1986. ltetokeawll brpim 
tor Die Rn WJU. Drawn. 


New YorkZi98J«arg £466 
L« Apg £3S9ktairaM £539 
Syuney £639 Hxn iwh £339 
Auldtofl £700710 usao £239 

DARTAIR 

p£l ’S&'ZASSL 


AtATAItE SUAlUn Sydney 
6 w £396 TUV £640 Aurtu.nO 
o W SATO rtn £774 JoVug 
o w E964 rtn £470 Lo> Amy- 
bno w £171 rm £336. London 
TtagM Centre Ol 370 0352. 


VOUNfl CORDON BLEU nek, 
‘lond on (tov«n wanted lor 
peri"- torn in City and Wn 
E nd Alva coeba «aM for 
orereraj Trt. Bluea A» o7 


■reded lor MUpurra- dayttne 

r rita^j ni 

London .Ban aroni Phone R» 
Prarre 0225 06677 weetoUv* 
ttavume. 

■bbmnxml 

5“ itoustluipti. age JO-ao 
P-. Trt 01-499 6)46. 


Ltodra Wll 

HMRiurr 

■■ m A w ire Dan 
« newly convened flata 
m wi-a apponiM perio d 
nauac. Avan now 1- 
Amlhx. From £l 30 pw lo 

£3&Opw CO Vh Only. 

Alto avaftaMe Mewi 
notae to Halta nd Park. 9 
beam. meg. in & oain. 
99" *v«d i-drams. 


Maytag- showroom at mar 
JtoUonai d ew ga re rareet 
rompany require* -fader 
secretary showroom an Mt- 

UnL The mcreitftit aspmu( 
will have eeeretarlai akdl*. 
■45,66 mtntmuTTiv mean nr 
teiephone manner. Knowl- 
edge of- letab 8 sm art 
appe aran ce and iota of pen 
sonalUy. The session win 
dffre toe epDorruntty w Me 
own Inuuuie and ta bade 
wimcbenta suuueflr first 
or second tone joo aaoHen - 
wtln a view in a career in 
Interior design irade. 

Pnone Fiona Cratwm om 

01-439 4415 


17 S-rtfa tow. 
ea d ix. W1X LAO 




AMTNHttg. Mgytar CNlerv- 
tprotaitsing in Cngtisn rurnmne 
ronuire- werenry sabs mk. 
tou. as - 36. Secretarial sons 
«re»«a«. Salary a^,e. fuh de- 
- Ufa mcHaDna Mephone 
number. Reply to BOX B26, 


CSC C AHUM circa CSSOO Work- 
mg Wim a nvety tales team fora 
maw RUernanonai Wp inanu- 
fMurer bated In 

Contact Karen 
Baker on 01-486 3367,3308 
Bee Coro. 


Then wgrti in FtOfcon wtwre 
Farrar Stead A Cbm need a 
ta toe toeretov » anw 
with bon iwstdefitM sales 
ana funwhed teKagaindielr 
tasy and friendly off*?, sal- 
ary abe. 

Tetn-7n OH 
(No ogmctmi 


WABKH ITAUAIi OR FROiCX 

tv MCMem , 

fflrss as 


™*«ATuapmi, 



LCon oggcs grad wun edvon- 
ui expro i e ixe for current 
gffffR H **eoren Croup to 
£9.000 Covem Garden 
Hgrao^iO Fieri si. oi- 


£ia000* sirtta Boyd-Canen- . 
tar lm 01-629 aSn** 19 '* 

STNEET Consntum 
toyciuMriai seeks exprnciKSd 

636 gSrs** 11 ” 1 fiWrPte, »- Oi- 


PART.-nWE KG Mught for 
VML PMtaftvr amutfrl'a gf. 
flre. Lots Of mantang an) 

aantoi. Approx. 30 Mun pct 
week by arrangrmmn c £5 per 
tour. Please telephone 01-493 
.Bren Gordon - YaleA 
Cottotdtanc y. . - 

RELLPIMNIST rmulred' tor a 
b»v KonUnotan &aard mm 
*pw» The surma id anon. 
rani win nave had nun. B Mara 
evperiener oft an exaromety do- 
oanoing swttenbeord. Satan* r 
g-OQPM- Faraa Suuria (M- 
221. 8729 . B939. . 


tar of French travel coidMay 
■erato ngenwef bH Ujouai 

totTctary wuh creouve fiaa and 

tenta tive to work tn a haosy 
renmmtad lean,. Dihuiy. 
rente rutiUial. talaiy CB.OOO 
Olua betjefrts. Stella Bojfl-CSr- 
PrtHer Ud 01-629 9333 
awaai WEUJS7 -riw Font 
**re*«lnwni of mm presiitaoua 
w taokuio for an 
•*«* areratary lo loin their 
team EscreamT ivhag 
afc ura ofbSwgniandWPeS^ 

* Marketing See 
l «fi»i Q ooo lyopfl »od WP expt- 
"enre lor wtauip io lem for 
wivjie twptm tiimo tano Bun. 
Career nnjioects. Ui+ wnti exp. 
re exceMioRM college waver, c. 
£7-000. Covent Carden Bo 
!?»■ »«> FlW HL VOL. 363 

•090. 


awd msvfiN m. 

» temporan* poll- 
ri22- Speetato* sre- 

c WH Of 7254 OSS? 

WBW KCanAW read for 
no-laroihia u wa. 36 hour* 
K .Y^i^taary £6000 neg. 
TO Mu* Gibbons 01-727 6474 

CAMM Oh 8l Surveyors rr- 

q tare- prr oBnxMle a, weft fpokrti 

»«T«wy wuh accurate 
SM IV png 01-248 8235. 
ItlWttMEt fsnVKES. Adltaa 
m an agq- or'intmumnai com- 
o»iy need, a KcnbO. 
assHlant to tido run a bure to- 
psrtreenL You nrau be gooJ 
wftn people. potoeaaea«r«ayin- 
Mthror ear with 90 60 and 
WP experience. Age 25-27- 
£9.100 Senior SecreunMdirr 
OO QM 01-493 5907. 01-499 
0092.. . 

WELL KNOWN SorialM* 
xonawy looMiig for ftriildr 

semtarir wHhenn-nral 
po«e. dlDtomatic. weH PKtNli' 
« «« wohen. Heaps -of fun 
You never know wtro n *an 
to happen unomM Potfj* 
tonp ■ perm. q - 1 — y c. £ 8 j 060 - 
. Ctoaart Octaua.- crawMds 
,HW Court 936 9692. 

EETAIB AESHTS Aeoulrro 
lure ■ secretary idrafldrtrawr . 
•wnh good arcreiariai rtUteLta* 

. experience, excellent uUWdWtar.; 
awn, penooauor WlJ” 
^rotation, to help run 
FUBvanTomce. Sfkn ™9*T 
. bto. TeknhotK- Mrs rotaef <*• 
947 7361. - 


W, 




















































































tJrfOW a> i&PA 




THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 198fi 


5»n>i 


** "mJ'S'if' 

Sa.. fc , fil k W 


Y -w — ~ W V 4 1 I 1J 1700 

1 Quay s television and radio progr amm es 


iwyxrm 


9-20 Ceofsx 1030 Play SctwoL 


1Z30 News After Noon wftti 
Mo*ra Sluart and Chris 
Lowe, includes news 


i 2-55 Regional news and 
weather. 

W» Pebble UB at One with 
Magnus Maonusson, Pad 



Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


•How zo Rod a Lover (BBC 
2,9.30pm) is a St Valentine's card 
from the BBC witti termed 
appeal for serkxis seekers after 
the fulfilment promised in the 
trite." Is this the place you expect 
to find the man of your 
dreams ?",the sinae lady in the 



•*? 


lifis 


Ceafax&£2 
news 

3 * 56 J.TV. Tea Time Television 
tor the young 4.10 
SaperTed does battle wtth 
Texas Pete in San 
Francisco’s Chinatown 
JM 5 Jackmovy. Kenneth 
WHBams with rant four of 
Roald DaWs James and 
the Giant Peach 420 
Ufysaea 31. Cartoon 
sdenra fiction series 

425 John Craven's 

Newsrwmd&oSBhia 
Peter. Peter Duncan and 
Simon Groom get the 
chance to play with the 
latest '00* gauge model 
trains inducting a repfica of 
the once woria record 
^eadlwlder, The Mattard 

5-35 krst Ctass Quit Ptipfe 
representing Haworth 
Grange School. 

Gateshead, take on a team 
from Meams Castle 
School. Glasgow, krthe 
last quarterfinal of the 
video quiz. Presented by 
Debbie Greenwood 

6.00 News with Nicholas 
WittheB and Andrew 
Harvey. Weather 

625 London Plus 

7.00 Top of the Pops, 
presented by Gary Davies 
and Steve Wright 

720 EastEndeia. Lou has an 
unexpected visitor whfie 
Or Lego imports some 
surprising news to 
Pauline. Meanwhile, the 
tension at the Fowler 
household is taking its too 
(Ceefax) 

820 Tomorrow's World. This 
week's edition indudes a 
report by Macrae Phabin 
from Quean Alexandra's 
Hospital, Portsmouth, on 
how lasers are helping the 
Mndtosee. • 

820 A Question of Sport Bfil - 
Beaumontand Emlyn 
Hughes are Joined by Nfgd 
Marsel, John Rutherford, 
Mire McFarfane and David 
Speedte. David Coleman is 
the questionmaster 

(Ceefax) 

920 News with JuBa SomervHe 
and John Humphrys. 
Weather 

920 BtecfcaddarlLMore 
Elizabethan frofics 
concerning the scheming 
Biackadder, this week 
hoping to inherit a sizeable, 
fortune from his saintly 
vegetarian Aunt 


Thames news headfines 
920 FOrSchoote stones being 
quarried and shaped by 
masons 9^2 Learning to 
read with Bill Odda&54 
AH about air 10.11 An 
animated version of the ' 
£P°st story, The brand 
of Sleepy HofiowIttM 
Sexual harassment 11.03 
The role of compilers in 


Aageh Tli jme. as Harriet 
Famngtai (ITv, 8Jtypm). 






Mince Me 
220 Daytime. 320 Gems. 325 
Thome* news headlines 
„ ~ 3£°Spn* DMtflhtafs 
420 Ttw Giddy GamoSnow. A 
repeat of the programme 
shown at noon 4.10 
Cartoon Time 4.15 
RaodoHy Anna. 425 
Bdhmfs Bugle. David ■ 

. Bettamy continues Ws 
mtojre conservation series 
440 The Sooty Show, with 
Matthew Corbett (i>520 
Alias the Jester. 

5.15 Thames Sport Brian 
Moore previews 
Saturday's FA Cup Fifth 
Round games; and there Is 
an interview with 17-year 
old A&onRsher, the 
Ladies' world Amateur 
Smoker Champion 
545 News 62Q Thames nows 
625 HetoL John Murray 
outlines the major 
changes to the Social 


WMmM 


sated linen twkb.'The man of 
my dreams doesn't have tflrly 
dothes”, comes the reply.Th& Is 
a strictly American view of the 
mating game. Where else but the 
US would you find a Learning 
Annexe where the mate-less are 
taught how to play musical 
chars without the music ? 

•From the inside (Channel 
4,6.30pm). which has been 
examinktg unionism from 
grass rows tevetfor the past six 
weeks,ends its stimulating 


CHANNEL 4 


225 FHnc The Chalk Garden 
(1964) starring Deborah 
Kerr, taley MBs and Edith 
Evans. A drama, based on 
theplayby EdUiBegnokt, 
about a severe woman 
who takes the post of 
governess to the 
malevolent managed 
grand-daughter of the 
matriarch of a cfiff-top 
mansion on the South 
coasLDfrected by Ronald 
Neame 

420 Countdown. Yesterday’s 
winner is cftalenged by 
- Steve Athans from 
Wooton, Liverpool. 

. Richard Whitetey is the 
questionmaster . assisted 


CHOICE 


run tonight with a proffle of a 
machine made of flesh and 
blood. Dorothy Burnett. a union 
activist with British Telecom, 
seems to be working a 25-hour 
day. And these are her lass 
hectic days. As she say&thera is 
no glory or power in the Job, 
ana- with a £300 a year 
honorarium -not much 
money. aitherAt bargaining 
conferences with 
management, her only handicap 
is her inability to cope with 
mar tong words,but she 
overcomes this lhanks to her 
instinct tor knowing when they 
are just playing with words, 


reeky mean financial gain 
when they taft about efficiency. 


Radio 4 


525m Shipping 620 News 
Briefing: Weather 6.10 
Farming 625 Prayer (s) 
620 Today, md £30, 
720, 620 News 645 
Busrass News 625, 
725 Weather 720, 820 
News 725, 825 Soon 
745 Though: tor the Day 
825 Yesterday in 
Parliament 827 WBathen 
Travel 
9.00 News 

925 The Natural History 


.•Radio choice; 

Weinberger's opera Schwanda 
me Bagpiper (Radio 3. 

2.00pm). Long overdue is this 

chance to hear the whole 
work, when afl that most of us 
know is the merry orchestral 
titbft,fbr decades a housewife's 
choice, or one of Baker's 
dozen.. .JStar Sound Extra 
(Radio 2 1020pm) has a 
special appeal for old buffers 
wno love old puffersJt 
features movies that have had 
wms as their stars - 

Thunaorba/t et al David 

Hughes's But for Bunter 
(Radio 4, 10.15pm) must have 
Frank Richards whizzing m 

his grave, but for the rest of us 

GrByfriarsfans.it is as 
packed with plums as one of the 
Remove fruit-cakes. 

Peter Davalle 


24): 820 News 

8.05 Concert (comd): Stanley 
(Concerto No 4 m C 
minor): Haydn ( Six Berman 
Dances, H ix )2)Wen 
(Serenade for Strings. Op 
li.piayed by Stockholm 
Smfonetta ) : Prokofiev (suite 
Ueut Kije: LPOj. 920 
News. 

925 TWs Week's Composer 
‘Honegger. Scenes 10 
and 11 of Jeanne d' Arc su 
bucher. Czech 
PhSiarmonE Chorus and 
Orchestra. Wfith Nelly 
Bouroeaud as the speaker. 
Also me Interlude from 
Antigone, with French 
National Chorus and 
Orchestra; La Vol sur 
r Aflantique; and the 


Hofbger (Scardaneft 
Cycle, pan one. tor solo 
flute .tape. chamber choir. 

and orchestra. With Soum 
west German Radn SO. 
Schofa Camorum Stuttgart 
and soloists. 

1025 The Nitshi Writing 
Ode: Bill Patterson 




Byrne, which isa tribute 
to the poet and sage, Francis 
Seneca McDade. 

11.15 Late Beethoven: Medio 
String Quartet play the 




Symphony No 4. 
Siegfried Wagner 


itusffi stegmed Wagner 
Conducts: Wagner ( 
Huktigungeniarsch: Siegfried 
idyll) Played by LSO. 

1020 Duels by Pagamni and 

Gragnanr 

Kantorow. violin and 


* ,r >l* IirW In 


irt** 








1020 Question Trim. Sir Robin 
Day's panel consists of 


Richgard Holme, Norman 
St Stevas and Digby 
Anderson 

1120 Great Ex p eri me n t* . 
Professor Heinz Wolff 
discusses the experiment 
which, in tt» 1840s, 
anticipated the first 
computers (r) 

1125 Late tfight m Concert 
Ricky Skrogs with hs 

^lestBvte Costello (r) 


625 Crossroads. Adam 

Chance turns up at home 
unexpectedly 

720 EmnanWe Farm. Does 
Henry Wilkes doubt Matfs 
innocence? 

720 Knight Rider. Michael 
Knight comes to the aid of 
a top gymnast, in prison 

on a trumped-up charge, 
who has been forced by 
corrupt officials to use ner 
talents to steal topsecret 
material ' 

820 FarrimtonoftheRXThe 
firstjyfa new con^^ 

Thome as Harriet .. . 

. Farrington, the newly 

appointed British consii- 
general in a thkd-rate 
banana republic, that has 
been the graveyard for h8r 
male predecessor (Oracle) 
920 In Loving M e mory . A new 
series begins with 
undertaker Bifly Henshaw 


with his aunFs approval. 
Would they flke her to 
accompany them on their 
honeymoon with the 
hearse ?(Orade) 

930 TVEye: ChongkigTknes. 
Jufien Manyon reports on 
the options open to the 
leaders of the the NGA 
and Sogat82 now that 
Rupert Murdoch rs using 
the fUB force of the courts 
mOO News at Ten 
1020 A Seme of the Past Dr 
James Stevens Curl 
examines the 
development of funerary 
architecture 

1120 Kdjak. The surviving 
member of a cat burgfing 
duo becomes the target of 
both the police and the 
underworld. 

1220 That’s Hoflywood. The 
career of Raquel Welch 
1225 Night Thoughts 


h.r^jLJ*2M 

I 


hiw. iTfrffiSW 

V 1,; *" JmMFi' 


developed hi the 



of the fox, the rabbit 
and the hare 

7.15 Far from P a rarfl se . Part 
five of the seven- 
prog ranmie series is 
devoted to discovering 
why son erosion and 
desertification have 
- become problemsworld 
wwe. 

8.10 Bookmark. Ian Hamtoon 
assesses the career of 
poet R^.Thomas; 
Margaret Forster taScs 
about her new novel. 
Private Papers; and there 
is a profle of J JM.O’Nefll, 
who has tost written his 
first nov«. Open Cut, a 
thrOer set to London’s 
Irish community 

920 Yes, Prime MMster.Jim 
Hacker cannot make out 
whether the Foreign Office 
are carrying out 
government policy or that 
me government is there to 
impfement Foreign Office 
policy. (Ceefax) 

920 40 mutes: How to Find a 
Lover. On the eve of St 
Valentine's Day, an 
investigation of the singles' 
scene to the United States 
teee Choice) (Ceefax) 

10.10 Pot Black 88. Eddie 
Chariton plays Tony 
Knowles 

1025 Newanight 1120 Weather 
1125 Open University: 

Weekend Outlook 1120 
Modeling and Modeling 
Cycle. Ends at 1220 


by Gyles Brandreth 
520 Fane Broken LtiHOby* 
(1932) starring Lionel 
Barrymore. Ukxy Carroll 
and Phillips Holmes. 
Pacifist drama about a 
young Frenchman who, 
after rating a German 
during the First Wbrid War, 
goes to Germany, attar 
hostilities are over, to try 
and find the young man s 
parents in order to ask 
their forgiveness. Directed 
by Ernst Lubitsch 
62S Fams: Dotart 940) and 
Loops (1940) Two 
experimental films by 
Norman McLaren 
620 From the toside- the 
Unions. The final 
programme in the series 
examining the rote of trade 
unionism at grassroots 
level focuses on Dorothy 
Burnett, a telephonist with 
British Telecom, who is a 
union activist (see Choice) 
720 Channel Four news 
720 Comment With her views 
ona matter of topical 
importance® Barbie 
from 


■ l : i ‘ .1 


820 Opinions: Mtende 
Britannia. The final 
contributor to the series is 
Lord Scarman who 
examines the latest crises 
in Britain's inner cities. 
Stressing Itis sorrow that 
his recommendations on 
Brbdon were not acted 
upon, he offers other 
puns to restore Britain's 
cities to a 'healthy 
normality' 

820 TreastaeHunt Anneka 
Rice is sent whirling above 

poScewomen sergeants 
from Nottingham /Val Gant 
and Betty Day . Kenneth 
KendaH a in (he studo 
with the dues to the 
hidden treasure (Orade) 

920 Quo Vadte? The third and 
final episode of the mW 
series and Nero Is looking 
for scapegoats on who to 
lay the name for the 
burning of Rome. The 
emperor, increasingly 
demented, plans to 
sacrifice the Christians to 
the gods at the same time 
provxfing a spectacle for 
the citizens of Rome 

1140 Starting Out Young Kay 
has left school andfound 
a Job in a hotel But the 
manager has his own 
reasons for employing 
Kay 

12.10 My Brother's Keeper. TNs 
final programme in the 
series leatues an 
exam in a ti on of the 
approach of the Churches 
to work in areas of soda! 
concern, and includes an 
interview with the Bishop 
of Stepney. Ends at 1240 


KaeSng and Lionel Kefieway 
report on the 
Ixoresources* from the 
Peruwan rain forest 
925 women: Equal Sex? Bel 
Mooney asks four 
women whether the fairer 
sex has achieved 
equaSty with men (r). 

1020 News; Medicine Now. 

Geoff watts on the 
health of the medical care (r). 

1020 Morning Story Swings 
and Roundabouts by 
Trevor Wrigltt. Reader Paul 
Webster. 

10.45 An Act of Worship fs) 

1120 Haws; Travel Analysis: 

The Pace of Change. 

Mary Goldring concludes her 
series about British 
industry (r). 

1148 Tradesman's Entrance. 

Phil Smith offers on the 
pains and (precious) few 
pleasures involved in 
setting up your own 
business (s). 

1220 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice, with 
John Howard 

1227 Fflm Star Alexander 

Waflter reeafls the career 
of Marion Brando (r) 1225 
Weather 

120 The World at One: News 

140 The Archers 125 
Shipping 

220 News; Woman's Hour. 
Includes a featire about 
new mothers who are 
di sabled 

320 News: The Afternoon 
Play. "In a Dry Place”, a 
comedy by John Antrobus, 
with Omer Cotton, 

Richard Vernon. David 
March (s). 

420 News 

425 Bookshelf with Hunter 
Davies. 

425 Kaleidoscope (last 


■ 


fpj 


n 










«SBT IW 


Radio 3 


955 weather. 7.00 News. 
725 Morning Concert Stobel 
(Concerto grosso in D: 
Orchestral Ensemble of 
Parts)- Mozart (Quartet in 
B flat. K45B); Britten 
(Matinees musicales. Op 


(Three duets: No7inC, No 8 
in F; No 9 m Ah Gragnani 

(Sonata Op 8 No 2);Ta^n m 
(Thrae duets). 

T1.05 Moscow Chamber 
Orchestra: pan one. 
Shostakovich (Chamber 
Symphony Op 110a); 
TchaScovsky ( Serenade for 
Strings). 

1225 Six Continents : Foreign 
radio 

broadcasts monitored by the 
BBC. With Angus 
McOermid(r). 

1225 Moscow Chamber 
Orchestra: part two. 
Hggtnj Sy nphony No 45). 

125 Bristol Lunchtime 
Concert. Israel Piano 
Trio. Mozart (Trio in G, K 
490); Brahms (Trio m C 
minor. Op 101). 

220 Weimar Season: 

Schwanda the Bagpiper. 
Two-act opera by 
Weinberger. Bavarian 
Radio Croats; Munch Radio 
Orchestra (under 
WaBbera). With Hermann 
Prey in me title role. Cast 
also includes Lucia Popp, 
Siegfried Jerusalem, 
Siegmund Nimsgem and 
Heinrich WeberT 
420 Music for Piano: PhKp 
Smith plays Howefls 
(Sonatina);Scriabin (Etude in 
B flat minor. Op 8 No 11); 

Falla (Fantasia Baetica). 425 
News. 

520 Marty for Pleasure: 
recorded music 
selection .presented by Brian 

620 Bandstand: IMI 

Yorkshire Imperial Bend. 

Robin HoBoway (War 
Memorials: Men 
Marching; Rom Hite and 
Valley- 

720 Stars of the Berlin Opera. 

The presenter is Rodney 
Mines. 

720 Brahms at the Barbican: 

BBC SO. Part one. 

Symphony No3 
825 One Pair of Ears: the 
week's music on radio, 
surveyed by Anthony Payne. 
820 Brahms at me Barbican: 
part two. Symphony No 

915 Bartok and Prokofiev: 

Steven de Grootefoiano) 
plays Bartok (Improvisations, 
up 20) and Prokofiev 

S onata No 8, Op 84). 
usic to Our Tima Heinz 





Si 


Radio 1 


News on the half -hour from 
620am until 920pm and at 1220 
midnight. 

6.00am Adrian John 720 Mike 
Read 920 Smon Bates 12.30pm 
Newsbeat (Janet Trewm) 1SL45 
Gary Dawes 320 Steve Wright 520 
Newsbeat (Janet Trewirt) 545 
Bruno Brookes 720 Janice Long 
with music on record and in 
session, md 820 Mark Ellen's 
review of the week's music 


420am as Radio 2 

WORLD SERVICE 

620 Nflwdesk 720 News 729 Twbmw 
tour Hours 720 The Qbssk Mbuns 7.45 
Network UK 820 News 629 Reflections 
8-15 Country Style 820 John Peel 820 
News 929 Review of the Bntsft Press 
9.15 The wtmd Today 920 FMarnaJ 
News 920 Look Ahead 925 Monitor 
1020 News 1021 Kings of Swing 1020 
Hinge and Bracket 1120 News 1129 
News About Bmam 11.15 New Ideas 
11-25 A Latter from En0and 1220 Radio 


Takes 220 News 221 Chinook 225 Juke 
Bon Duty 320 RwSo Newsreel 3.15 The 
Pteasurtfs Yours 420 News 4.09 
Commentary *.15 Assignment 425 The 
WorkJ Today 520 News 529 A Letter 
from England 315 Meridian 820 News 
829 Twenty-four Hours 9.15 A Joly 
Good Show 1020 News 1029 The World 
Today 1025 A Letter From England 
1020 Financial News 1IU0 Reflections 
1025 Sports Roundup 1120 News 1129 
CommetnaiY 11.15 Merchant. Navy Pro- 
gramme 1120 Nature Notebook 1120 
me Farmmg World 1220 News 1229 
News About Brian 12.15 Ratfio News- 
reel 1220 Music Now 120 News 121 
Outlook 120 Short Takes IAS Book 
C hoice 120 In The Meantime 220 News 
229 Review of the British 2.15 
Development '86 220 Talang About 
Musk 320 News 309 News About 
Bntam 3.15 The World Today 320 
Business Matters 420 Nawsdesk 420 
Cowitry s^5.45 The World Today All 


BBC1 WALES Z00pm-152 

Snooker 535-6.00 Wales 
Today &3S-7.00 The Happiest 
Days? 1140-11 Jto Flm8611j30- 
1220 Snooker 1Z00-122Ssn 
Great Experiments 12.15-1230 
Nbvw and Weather. SCOT- 
LAND 1020sm-1030 Dotaman 
6-35pm-7JJ0ReportawScot- 
t and 8JQ-8 30 Cause For Concern. 
NORTHERN IRELAND 535pm- 
540 Today 's Sport 548820 tosidB 
Uteter 635-730 Rrst Class 
830-920 Spotlight 1 1^5-1220 
News and weather. ENGLAND 
1220-1230pm A Whacker's World 
(North-West only) 625-720 Re- 
gional News Magazines. 


REGIONAL TELEVISION VARIATIONS 


CHANNEL 

Openers 120pm^nnei News 
120 Home Cookery CtuP 125 Fal- 


con Cren 320 That's My Dm 
5.12 Puffin's Pta(()ce 5.15 BlS*- 
busters 620 Channel Report 
followed tw Video CfcjblO^J Pris- 
oner Cell Bock H 1120 The 
Adventurer 1220 The Untouch- 
ables 120am Weather, 

Close. 

Ahead l20pmOMme1^0 
Jton In A Suitcase 320 The Spice 
Ot Ufe foarSc) 256 Ulster News 
5.1S pfiFrant Strokes 620 Good 
Evenwtg Ulster 625 Police Six 
720 Tucker's Witch 1020 Counter- 
pointi 1.00 A Sense Of The 
Paa 1120 The Yttitow Rose 
1225am News 


Can 120pm Countdown 120 
=-*= Afice 220 Fenestri 220 
Ffaiabalam225 HynO Fyd2_55 
Interval 325 Take Six Cooks 325 
Ye»s Ahead 420 A Sense Of 
Place 420 Harmer Awr Fwy 520 As 
Good As New 800 Brookside 
620 Space On Beth 720 
Newyddion Saith 720 Elinor Ac 
EraiH 825 Dtoas. News Headlines 
92SYCIeciwr925Snwcer 
10.15 Quo Vatfis? 1220un Ctosa. 
GRANADA AsLondonex- 

cept 120pm Gra- 
nada Reports 325 Granada 
Reports 320 The Young Doctors 
815 Survival Of The Fittest 620 
Granada Reports 620 This Is Your 
Right 720 Falcon Crest 1120 
SheBey 1120 Fight Night 1220am 
Close. 

CENTRAL 

tact 120 Central News 120 
Man In A Suitcase 325 Central 
News 5.15 British Candid Cam- 
era 620 Crossroads 625 Central 
News 720 Falcon Crest 1020 
Central Lobby 1120 A Sense Of 
The Past 1120 Fight Night 
1225pm Close. 

TSW ** Loncton except 
-^=2. 120pm TSW News 120 
Carson’s Law 325 Sons And 
Daughters 3S7 TSW News 5.15 
Gus Honeybun's Magic Birth- 
days 520 Crossroads 620 Today 
Southwest 620 Emmerdato 


Farm 720 Knight Rider 820 
Busman's Holiday 1022 The 
Phoenix And The Leviathan 1120 
•SenseOf The Past 1120 Mar- 
lowe -Private Eye 1230am 
Postcript 1225 Weather, Close. 

BORDEB AsL °PSl M ' 

wnwcn m p fc 1- 20p iI | Border 

News 120 Home Cookery Club 
(Torbay Cobbler) 125 Curling 320 
The Young Doctors 5.15 Candid 
Camera 620 Loakaround Thursday 
1120 The Master 1220 Curling 
1220am News Summary, Close. 

YOflKSH IRE^*^ 

‘Calendar News 1220pm Calen- 
dar Lunchtime Live 120 Carson's 
Law 325 Calendar News 815 
Survival Of The Fittest 620 Calen- 
dar 1120 The John Briggs Mu- 
sic Show 1120 Fight Night 
1220am Close. 

SCOTTISH 

tish News 120 BoMne 125 
Cuffing 320 Mr Smith 5.15 Block- 
busttes 620 Scottish News and 
Scotland 7.00 Now You See It 720 
Falcon Crest 1020 Crane Desk 
1025 A Sense Of The Past 1125 
Cuffing 1125 Late CaH 1140 
Cram Tara 12.1 0am Close. 

T\/4i As London except 

925am-920 TV§ Outfcx* 
120pm TVS News 120 Home 
Cookery Club 125 Falcon Crest 
327 TVS News totowed by 




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COLISEUM S 836 3161 CC 
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DES O'CONNOR 

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in CINDERELLA 
PAUL NICHOLAS 

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UP AND UMDEK 

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TOltn - SPLENDID- D Tot. “ 
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EVITA 

Dirn-led By Hal Prmrr.Eiat 8 0 .. 
Mah mure, a sal at 3.0 . CC 
Hotline 439 8499, 379 6433. 74] 
9999. 84 M 7-Oay CC bOOKIIM» 
Fnl Call Ol 340 7300. 

FINAL DAY 

FROM MAY 14 

CHESS 

BOX OfTICt 01-734 8951 
FIRST CALL 94-hr. 7 day 
CC BOOKUSJCS Ol-BSb 3464. 
Cip Salea 01-930 6133 


ROYAL OPERA HOUSES 
SAVE THE WELLS 
GALA PERFORMANCE 

. Sunday February 9 at 7 30 
a performance to ' mpniMH ine 
pinni « SMkr'5 whs TrwMtrr 
wturh fares nafunr on May |7 
1986 

Tickrts £3- £28 iFoyrr Boa Offirr 
opens at 6 00pm «n Sundayi 
01 240 1066 1911. 


APOLLO THEATRE CC 437 

2663 4 4» 3S9B 9 24hr 7 day 
CC DOOkUM* Tirsl Call 240 7200 

PENELOPE KETTH 
MARK KINGSTON 

THE DRAGON'S TAIL 

-Fimay A E4 hUU«>- Clly 
Limna. a new guy by rxtuqus 
Walfiinson Dtreciwi Bi MkTur-I 
Ruonan. E»«r. Mon io Fri 7 30 
Tlujn. Mai 30 SaK 506 8 IS 
Group Sale Box (Dim- 01-930 
6125 LAST « WEEKS 




** APT CENTRE Jl saw™- 61 
SWi tarty Marks by Bcilish Arl 
i— is Mun - Fn 106 tsai ii l 


PARKIN GALLERY, 1 1 Moframb 
SI London SWI Ol 235 8144 
Francis MarelialJ 1901 1980 
Paiini-T 6 MliKtralor 


CINEMAS 


Oroup bookings Ol 405 I 567 u 
01 930 6123. Potlal aPMKaliaiH 
now bn i ig arrepmJ imm Augusl 
30 


OUMER ‘S' 928 225SCTI Naina- 
al Theatre 1 * open slaoei Ton*l 
7 is Tamar 2 00 How Nice 
man a 7. io. trim rrb 21 u> 25 


PALACE THEATRE 437 6(0* 
CCB377 3790433 Qrp sales 930 
6133 

THE MUSKAL 9EMSATKM 




SAVE THE WELLS 


TOMORROW February 9 al 7.30 
A Derlormanre to mqiiUohi in# 
pllgni M baffler's WetK. Theatre 

uhtrh fares datuf# On May 17 
1986 

THkm E&-L2S SMtoasaU on me 
day from 6 00pm. 

01-248 1066/1911 









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YOUNG VK 028 6365 CC 379 
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tTomor 7pm>. Wed 6 Fri Mae 
ami ROMEO AND JULIET 

YOUNG VK STUOtO 92B 6363 
Lnnf February E 2 Cm B pm 
LBMi Productioas Irf TRAP- ■ 
MNC THE AlfflurC A new! 

anli ivar play 


ROYAL OKRA MOUSE. Covert 
Carden. WC2 01-240 1066 1911. 
CC S. Standby lido 01436 6909 
Man-Sal lOanvepm 68 anwrt 
seats avail from 10am on uve day. 
Ttrhnx opera (ram £7.00. Ballet 
(ram caSO 

THE ROYAL OPERA 

Tpn'i lOenerM Standby £io inr 
before pern, Mon boo Salome. 

THE ROYAL BALLET 

Tnmor 7 30. Sm 2 JO A 7 30 LA 
Fri If mat oardee Thur 730 
Mon on 

Ballet Catting mfo 01 340 Ml 5- 


SADLER'S WELLS 278 8916 

CHARLIE AND THE 

chocolate factory 

m Rbald Dahl 
Mu*rr Protfurlion of -Brsi 
lo>ni Children's booh 1 
L Hill SM. Tw hefa C2.75 • OB Some 
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ASTORU THEATRE Bm CHI 
into 

CC 4 Croup. Ol 73a 4267 
Ol 4J7 8772 

BEST MUSICAL 1985. 

The Times 

LENNON 

4 rnlphratipn Lite lire jiu J mimr 
bt JQttnLeniww "V fO HDPWUL, I 
REALLY LOVED IT,’* BILL 
WYMAJL “THEYCgUtOmr 
HAVE DOME IT BETTER." CYM- 
THW LMW W. - 1 WAS UP 
THERE CHEEHMQ WITH 
EVERYONE ELSE AT THE END." 
AOdnionM Mai Sun MtaEtp 
Tint. W Sal 8 O Mat* Sal A Sun. 
40 

CmtTESUW **• 928 arey. CC 
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OFOMTon'l 6 00 Iasi perl Tlw 


BEST MUSICAL 

LAURENCE OLIVIER AWARD 

toted 

BEST MUSICAL 

PLAYS A PLAYERS 
LONDON THEATRE CArttCS 
AWARD 

EtinBOhUDi Wed 50 Sal BO A 
830 

Group Sales 930 6123 

NOW BOOKING UNTIL 
JAN 1987 


OL KL OF YORh 836 S122 CC 
836 9837 741 9999 QTJ Sales 
•» 6123 Flrel Call 24 Hr 7 

Den. CC 240 7300 Evn a Thu 

MB! 3 Sal 5 6 8 30 

Tup YEAR OT THE AWARD 

winkusc comew hit 

5TEPPWC our 

“TRIUMPH ON TAP" Eie S(d 
The nu remedy by Hicham 
Hamv armed ay jma 
MrKcn/fe 

COMEDY OF THE YEAR 
maatfard Dram* of Km ' 
Award 1*84 

-'LALGH VDLRSELF SILLY 
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far more - D Mad "Mutt undy 
laWe lite T6wn..Oo MOW” D Tel 
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soiiej io lao. lap up. former" 
Now. 


COMEDY S 930 2878 CC 839 
, 438 k'Cflh Prowse 741 MH 
1240 7200 7 day N hr> Cm 
hales 930 6123 Eves 8 0 Wed 
Malt 30 Sab 5.0 a H 30 
MYAL SHAKESPEARE CO*. 

„ CAMILLE 

oa Pam C*fth) Dir Ron CMnirh 

~nwu : »! nonane to mat 

TMB** T Oul. LAST 2 WEEMS 


NAYMARKET THEATRE ROYAL. 

Box Oiliro Jk CC Ol 930 0932 
Group Sales 930 6133 Press 

I lorn Fro. 18. Opens fen 20 at 

TO 

PETER O'TOOLE 

wiin 


THE APPLE CART 

Ay BERNARD SHAW 

Eioi 7 so. Malt WM a. Sal 
2 30 


EXHIBITIONS 


VICTORIA AMO ALBERT MUSE- 
UM me Nniinn's Treasure 
House. S kemipgien HATS 
FROM INDIA. KNITTING 
FTKJM THE NAA COLLEC- 
TION. JEWELLERY 
FRANK BALER iimlll 13 
Marrhi TEXTILE POB 
TRArTS. 17C TAP£3>THIE6 
FTOM THE VAA COLLEC 
TtON. BRITISH TEXTILE 
DESaCN. FRENCH I8C 
DRAWINGS. SWISS STAINED 
CLASS DESIGNS PHOTO 
GRAPHS BY ROGER M AVNE. 
WMVX 1000-5 50. Sun 2 30 
S-SO Closed Fri. 

Recorded info Ol 581 4844 


CAMDEN PLAZA 4«& 244* rapp 

i.'amdeu Town lubei p-U-r 
Gm*n.,A\ s A ZED A TWO 
NOUOMTS »i5i Film al 1 as. 

4 oo. 6 x e as _ 

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to ”° Tnw fro S7 

. CLFNDA NIGEL 

MCMMM HAWTHORNE 

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ACROSS FROM THE 
CARDEN Of ALLAH 
„ By CHARLES WOOD 
Oirertrd in RON DANIELS 
r\u* Moo Fri 8 0 Sal 5 30 4 A 30 


ART GALLERIES 


CRANE KALMAN CALLER* 178 
SrompMO Road London S V» 1 
01 684 756o ‘Ctbor. tilw, 
Colour an aotlwlecy of 
F uukp ' L mil 1-4 Mann 
1986 Mon Fn Item • opm. 
bam 10am ■ 4pm 


500 

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I ^SSSl^Kr'g.iE'g'g^ggs^c ^ g ©■» J*. 







THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 1986 


First pabfished 1785 


Sikorsky’s day rings Connaught Rooms rafters 


Letter from Komi 



k* . ■ - * 

vV ' 


** ys's.f /ft"78k •'**'< 










up 


> - ■ . • 


' V 

s IKO^Ky/f/AT 

95% OF THE 

V/oRKK>RCE Did. 



Faces at the Westland vote: Mr Alan Bristow, shop steward Mr Keith Mclnnes (left) potting his point pictoriaily; and Sir John Cockney 
By Patricia Clough J Z^Z " " “ Z 


The bitter tag of war over 
Westland, which b rough t 
down two ministers, cracked 
Mrs Thatcher's image, sowed 
confusion among the Conser- 
vatives and deepened US- 
Enropean rifts, ended at 4pm 
yesterday - at least as for as 
the crisis-weary company was 
concerned. 

In the ornate pink, gold 
and cream Connaught Ball- 
room, Sir John Cockney. the 

flmirinan, annnmve d that the 

American Sikorksy rescue bid 
had won over the Anglo- 
Earopean consortium by 67.8 
per cent of share-holders' 
votes to 32.2 per cent. 

His announcement tailed 
off amid esctatic applause 
and cheers from pro-Stkorksy 
shareholders, out in force for 
the victory they had sensed 
since mystery buyers scooped 
op a fifth of the company’s 
shares at the last moment. 
Neither Sir John nor Mr Bill 
Pad, of Sikorksy, appeared 
to know who they were even 
at the wd. 

Jubilant Westland workers 
drove home in buses to 
celebrate, and the mood 
among the principal figures 
was of relief and thankfulness 
for the end of an episode 
which Sir John said had 


badly damaged morale and 
the company's ability to 
conduct business. 

Mr Pad said that there 
would be no time for jubfla- 
tioo: “We have to get straight 
down to badness if we are 
going to tons this company 
round”. He had dearly not 
been sure until the very «m> 
that he would win. 

He said he had been 
delighted by the result and 
promised that Sikorksy would 
help Westland to regain its 
leadership of the European 
helicopter industry. 

Mr Paddy Ashdown, liber- 
al MP for Yeovil, where 
Westland has its headquar- 
ters, said he was overjoyed 
that jobs were at last secure. 

It was definitely Sikorsky’s 
day. The vast majority of 
shareholders had dearly 
wanted to get straight to the 
vote, and the few pro- 
Europeans who dared raise 
their beads were highly 
unpopular. 

Mr David Horne, of Lloyds 
Merchant Bank, who de- 
manded and won a vote on a 
resolution for a 21-day ad- 
journment to find the namesof 
the mysterious last-minute 
buyers, provoked furious pro- 
test and was jostled 


agressiveiy as be left the 
room. - 

The two-boor delay for the 
counting of votes — while a 
pianist played soothing tea- 
room music and the big 
shareholders' time ticked op 
like a mnltimillion-pomid 
parking meter — did little to 
placate feelings. 

“There’s Mr Bristow. I 
wish I'd remembered to spit”, 
said one woman shareholder 
as die helicopter millionaire 
and champion of the Europe- 
an bid took his seat A 
woman in n green raincoat 
who c ourag e ous ly made a 
long and impassioned plea for 
the “national interest” (and 
therefore the European con- 
sortium) was scarcely allowed 
to finish. 

Cheering Sikorsky on were 
four busloads of Westland 
workers in anoraks and 
mufflers who had been de- 
canted in the icy cold to boo 
Mr Bristow and other pro- 
Europeans and to try to move 
any undecided voters. 

There were rapturous 
cheers for Mr Bill Paul, of 
Sikorsky, devastmgly glamor- 
ous with his deep tan and 
stiver hair. There goes our 
Billy. He looks just out of 
Dynasty”, said one worker. 


Sequestrators take over at 
print union headquarters 


Sequestrators appointed by 
the High Court moved into 
the headquarters of the print 
union SOGAT '82 at 
Benfleet, Essex yesterday 
amid fears among strikers 
who have been sacked by 
News International that their 
strike pay will soon be ended. 

A senior manager of the 
London firm of chartered 
accountants Ernst and 
Whinney examined the 
books, with the cooperation 
of union staff to prepare a 
list of what the sequestrators 
consider to be necessary 
expenditure from SOGATs 
£17 million assets which were 
seized earlier this week. 

Next week they will present 
the list to the High Court, but 
it is not expected that the 
union’s application for strike 
pay of £12 per week plus £38 
for picket duty to be included 
on the list will be approved. 

SOGAT officials, who have 
meanwhile appealed for help 
from the TUG are under- 


By Michael HorsneD 
stood to have paid them- 
selves in advance for an 
unknown period before the 
sequestration order was made 
by Mr Justice Mi chad Da- 
vies. 

In other developments yes- 
terday over the crisis: 

• Mr Kenneth Clarke, the 
Employment Minister, com- 
pared the print union's, ac- 
tions to Custer’s last stand 
and attacked them for their 
folly in defending restrictive 
practices, huge pay demands, 
old technology and overman- 
ning in Fleet Street; 

• Last night News Interna- 
tional was granted an injunc- 
tion against the Union of 
Communication Workers in 
the High Court ordering the 
union to withdraw instruc- 
tions to postmen to black the 
delivery of Sun bingo cards. 

• The TUC called off an 
emergency meeting of its 
executive council which had 
been on stand-by to hear the 
decision of the electricians* 


union EETPU over its dis- 
pute with other print unions. 

News International also 
announced that no immedi- 
ate further legal action was 
being contemplated against 
SOGAT for refusing to purge 
its contempt of court over the 
blacking of The Times, The 
Sunday Times, The Sun and 
the News qf the World by its 
members at newspaper 
wholesalers. 

A spokesman for Ernst and 
W hinn ey said that the atmo- 
sphere at SOGAPs head- 
quarters was one of 
cooperation marked by a 
high degree of professional- 
ism. 

A spokesman for EETPU 
said that following its 
executive's decision to abide 
by the conditions laid down 
last week by the TUC genera] 
council, which found it giilty 
of conduct detrimental to the 
union movement, no further 
action is expected from 
Congress House. 


a mango tree 

It was real Boys’ Own stuff his verandah, about 10 of 
and would have been a them, very ner vous and 
childish game ofhide-and- aggressive ana carrying two 
yv»k ) haJ f lip seekers not weapons apiece. They or- 
been so dangerous. The dered him u> go to the 
soldiers passed within a few hospital with them and this 
fr et of the mango tree in time be had no choice. Then 
which T was hiding and I one of the soldiers came 
prayed that its thick green around the house and started 
foliage would cover me and towards the tree, but he was 
that the soldiers would not distracted by one of the other 
suddenly fancy a mango. expatriates. 

We had arrived . ax the At the hospital they de- 
leprosy Hospital the night xnanded drugs and bandages , 
before. It is about seven but the doctor told them to 
miles from Kumi, which is bring back his vehicles first 
hal f-way between Mbale and and he would put together a 
Scroti. No thing - had been box of medicares for them. 

from the hospital since Earlier in the day we had 
the overthrow erf OkeUo and been towards Kumi and it 
there were fears for the safety was easy to tell when we were 
of the staff) including the getting dose to the Okdlo 
three Dutch employees there, troops. The villagers Bed 
The OkeUo troops were from their homes when they 
then in Kumi and the saw ns. Two days before, 
National Resistance Army thousands of villagers fled 
was preparing to do battle a towards Mbale because of 
few miles down the road. As rumours tire Okdlo troops 
we approached the hospital were returning, 
on foot, fleeing hospital staff This is an extraordinary 
told us the soldiers were war. The professional Army 
there, so we waited in the has disintegrated - into a 
bush until we heard their vicious, nn disciplined mob 
vehicles drive off pursued by hundreds of 

Dr Jack van den Engh and young, lightly-armed guerrilla 
the other hospital staff were fighters, 
delighted to see as. The ArtzSeiy on the NRA side 
soldiers, led by a captain the consists of a few anti-aircraft 
doctor described as drunk guns, which are fired bori- 
and manic, had taken an zontaily and maim a great 
ambulance and a car and deal of noise. They have a 
threatened to kfll him if he few mortars and a few trucks 
did not go with them. but the hulk of tire army goes 

The day before they bad on foot 
murdered someone at the The NRA officers lead 
hospital, no one knew why, from the front As his 
and Dr van den Engh platoons filed - out down the 
believed that, had be not road to Kumi, Tied Mushegs, 
been there, they would have the sector commander, shook 
killed everyone at the Hospt- me warmly by the hand and 
taL He stood firm mid they offered to buy me a beer in 
left. Kumi that ni ght if these was 

“AD this war is Museveni's an y left. Then he mounted a 
fault," they told the doctor, small red motorcycle with 
“He is destroying the coun- “Ministry of . Education” 
try, killing people for noth- panned on it, and puttered 
mg. And he has reporters off towards his front line. 

I sal with a group of Iteso 

wicked^ ocoole/" 5 ' ^ village* al ,he top Sf the fcffl 
wiorea people. to watch the battle like camp- 

them 6 h^taeTnoSSTd^ foll °"f s ' * tu « h 1 P ined 

but luckily their 

Ravers went « the hospftal 

first, giving me tune to climb ~~~ ZZ 7 

into the mango tree at the & avc inc - . 

back of the house. , 

The doctor met them on KlCufllu LJOWflCH 


THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Tne Queen opens the new 
premises of the Royal Society 
of Health, 38A Sl George’s 
Drive, SWl. 3. 

The Duke of Edinburgh 
hosts a reception at Bucking- 
ham Palace for the 13th 
Commonwealth Games 
Organising Committee’s Ap- 
peal Fund, 6. 

Princess Anne addresses the 
Royal Institute of International 
Affaire on the Save the 
Children Fund, Chatham 
House, St James's Square, 
SWl, 12: and later attends the 
Westminster Christmas Appeal 
Trust reception. MEPC Office, 
Brook House. Wl, 7. 

The Duke of Gloucester, 
attends a reception to mark the 


completion of the rehabilita- 
tion of St Bartholomew’s 
Hospital's historic buildings, St 
Bartholomew’s Hospital. 6.30. 

The Duke of Kent visits 
Oxford Magnet Technology. 
Oxford. 1 1.40; and later visits 
Analysis Automation. 
Southfidds House. Eynsham, 
Oxon, ZI5. 

Princess Michael of Kent, 
attends the 1986 Trial of the 
Pyx. Goldsmiths' Hall. 10-45. 

Music 

Concert of music by Beetho- 
ven, Birmingham and Midland 
Institute. Margaret Sl, Bir- 
mingham, 1. 

Recital by Mena hem Breuer 
(violin). Marcel Bergman 
(cello) and Alexander Volkov 
(piano), St. George’s, Brandon 
Hill, Bristol, 1. 

Recital by Elfrieda 


Books — paperback 


Langemann (soprano), St 
James’s Church, Piccadilly, 

1.10. I 

Concert by the Orchestra of! "H* Literary Editor's selection of interesting books published this 
Welsh National Onera Si I week 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,968 



ACROSS 

1 Sheikdom where graft is 
backed by sloth? (5) 

4 Luther for one goes to 
mother’s feast (9) 

9 After university Peter is 
fooled by ancient oriental 
writing (9) 

10 Man with many a slave (5) 

) I We hear Romeo's hound is 
a predatory type (8.7) 

12 He can't do his job if he's 
not up (6) 

14 A monster smash-hit is in 
production (2.6) 

17 Property is often a matter of 
- interest to them (8) 

19 Understood to hold back 
record from spite (6) 

22 Moneylender setting up 
company (8.7) 

24 College in recess (5) 

25 In this way, note. Father 
Time provides continuing 
drama (4,5) 

26 What Byron was to know 
according to Melbourne's 
wife (9) 

27 Titus had a bit of a go at 
estate management (5) 


DOWN 

1 Band-leader taking char^in 
March (4.5) 

2 Mind the inventor's child 
(5) 

3 At one time evolved as ape 
(7) 

4 Jumbo pilot? (6) 


5 Anarchists with some yarn 
as a planu.(3,5) 

6 ...succeed io their fashion 
(7) 

7 Lowly creature shows plenty 
of understanding! (9) 

8 1 left Styria, harassed by 
sex maniac (5) 

13 State makes provision for 
physical disability (9) 

15 Millionaire fund-holders (5- 
4) 

16 Resuscitates arrests at sea 

( 6 . 2 ) 

18 Panda is said to take to the 
bottle (7) 

20 Smaller but higher than 
Francis the bellows-mender 

(7) 

21 French art affirms Bacon's 
work (6) 

22 Sit and think (5) 

23 Use right to follow river (5) 

Solution of Puzzle No 16367 


Welsh National Opera, Sl 
D avid's Hall Cardiff 7.30. 

Music by Fairfield String 
Quartet. Royal Exchange The- 
atre. Sl Anne's Square, Man- 
chester. 1. 

Concert by Phflharmonia, 
Royal Concert Hall, Theatre 
Sq, Nottingham, 7.30. 

Concert by Halle Orchestra. 
Manchester Free Trade Hall. 
Manchester. 7.30. 

Recital by Peter Manning 
(piano) and Julian Jacobson 
(violin). Kettle's Yard, Castle 
St, Cambridge, 8. 

Concert by London Sym- 
phony Orchestra, Barbican 
Hall. Barbican Centre, EC2, 
7.45 

Recital by Bradley Creswick 
(violin) and Ronald Woodley 
(piano). King's Hall, Newcastle 
University, Lift 
Piano recital by Melvyn Tan, 
New Hall, City University, 
Northampton Sq, ECI, 1.10. 

Piano recital by Dominoos 
Vasconcella, Sl Olave. Hart Sl 
1.05. 

Piano recital by Philip 
Dyson, Sl Mary Le Bow 
Church. Cbeapside. 1.05. 

Recital by Penelope Willis 
Fleming (piano) and Marino 
Diaz Deal (cello), SL James, 
Garlickhythe, 1.05. 

Clarinet recital by Lionel 
Fcrer, Sl Bartholomew the 
Great. Smith field. Lift 
Talks, lectures 
The Royal Way of Death, by 
Olivia Bland, Museum of 
London, 1.1ft 

Saul the Jew. by Rev. 
Derrick Wallers. Liverpool Par- 
ish Church, Pier Head, 1.05. 

Atlantic Canada: Another 
Scotland beyond the ocean, by 
Prof Alan Wilson, David 
Hume Tower. George Sq, 
Edinburgh, 5.3ft 
Studying the Earth, by An- 
thony wdson. Science Mu- 
seum. SW7, 1. 

Picoplaakton: On being 
small and entirely surrounded 
by water, by Prof G.E. Fogg, 
The Royal Society, 6 Carlton 
Hse. Terrace, SWl. 4.30. 

Images in Reality: A Holo- 
graphic View by John Chitlock, 
University Hall. Claverton 
Down. Bath. 7.3ft 
Public Accountability - Fact 

or Myth? by Sir Gordon 
Downey, OM Theatre. LS.E, 
Houghton Sl Aldwych, WC2. 

Milestones is British Art (3): 
Fuseli's Shakespeare and Mil- 
ton paintings, by Simon Wil- 
son, Tate Gallery. Millbank. 1. 
General 

Road Racing and Superbike 
Show, Alexandra Palace and 
Park. Wood Green. N22. today 
12 noon, tomorrow until Sun- 
day 10. 

Women's Review Evening: 
poetry and fiction by recent 
contributors reading from their 
own work. National Poetry 
Centre. 21 Earls Court Sq, 
SW5, 7 JO. 


FICTION 

Less Than Zero, by Bret Easton Ellis (Picador. £2.95) 

M owners Below, by James Purdy (Arena. £2.95) 

Secret Villages, by Douglas Dunn (Faber. £3.95) 

Sleepless Nights, by Elizabeth Hardwick (Virago, £3.50) . 
The Burden, by Vladimir Rybakov (Flamingo, £2.95) 

The Green House, by Mario Vargas Llosa (Picador. 0.95) 
The Railway Station Man. by Jennifer Johnston (Flamingo, 
£2-95) 

The Rape of Shari, by Buchi Emecheta (Flamingo. £2.95) 
NON-FICTION 

Stanislavsky. A Life, by David Magarshack (Faber. £5.95) 
The Ledge Between the Streams, by Ved Mehta (Picador, £3.95) 

PH 


Weather 

forecast 

A ridge of high pressure 
will persist in the E; 
frontal troughs will ap- 
proach the W. 


6 am to midnight 


The pound 



b e YogottentaOnr 

Rates far smaS donoRtoafion bank nows 
only as suppled by Barclays Bar* PLC. 
Different rates apply to traweflers' 
by ctie^s and after torafai currency 
0 f harness. 

Rates Price todecST&S 

rv _ London: "The FT index closed 19 17.2 ei 
ir- 

er Anniversaries 


Births: John Hunter, surgeon 
and pathologist. Long 
Caldcrwood. Lanarkshire. 
1728: Lord Randolph Chur- 
chill. politician. Blenheim Pal- 
ace. 1849. 

Deaths Catherine Howard, 
fifth wife of Henry VIII. 
executed. London. 1542: 
Benevenoto Cell ini. sculptor 
and goldsmith. Florence. 1571: 
Richard Wagner. Venice. 1883: 
Georges RouanlL painter, 
Paris. 1958. 

Massacre of the Macdonalds 
by a Campbell regiment at 
Glencoe. 1692. 


Roads 


The Midlands: MS: 

Contraflow between junctions 
4 and 5 

(Bromsgrove/Droitwich); only 
one lane northbound; north- 
bound entry at junction 5 
dosed. Ml: Northbound exit 
and southbound entry ax junc- 
tion 18 (A425/A5 Grit 

dosed. A34: Roadworks on the 
northbound carriageway, Han- 
ford. Staffs; delays. 

Wales and West M5: 
Carriageway reduced to two 
lanes in both directions at 
Weston-super-Mare, between 
junctions 21 (A370 Weston) 
and 22 (B3I33 Gevedonj. 
A377 - Exeter Widening work 
in Bonhay Road; temporary 
signals and delays. A470 - 
Cardiff Outside lane closed on 
both carriageways on the M4 
road at Coryton. 

The North: MIS: Doncaster 
to Sheffield link road dosed; 
diversion due to work on 
Morthen Hall Bridge. A49: 
Bypass construction N and S of 
Tarporley, Cheshire. 

Scotland: A8tfc So inbound 
inside lane dosed at the Hag 
junction to Castiecary. M 
Surface repairs on the east- 
bound carriageway W of junc- 
tion 5 (Shons/HarthiD). 


Parliament today 


Commons (2.30k Debates on 
multi-fibre arrangement and on 
Roskill report on fraud trials. 

Lords (3.00): Salmon Bill, 
report stage; Agriculture Grant 

(Variation) Order. 


W; sunny Intervals m the E, 
perhaps snow showers; windy and 
cokf In most parts with severe frost 
overnight in the E. 



Snow Reports 



Thames Barrier 


The Thames Barrier will be 
hilly dosed today giving vis- 
itors an opportunity to see tire 
operation of London's flood 
defences. The Visitor's Centre 
at the Barrier is open daily 
from 10.30 to 5. The centre is 
on Uie South Bank of the River 
Thames off Woolwich Road in 
Charlton, halfway between the 
Woolwich Ferry and the Blade- 
wall Tunnel approach road. 


Depth 

(cm) 

L U Piste 

ANDORRA 

Sokfeu 125 185 good 

Worn patches on lower slopes 

AUSTRIA 

Kitebuhel 60 170 good 

Excellent sking everywhere 
FRANCE 

Raine 117 350 good 

Good skiing in Heine Bowl 
Lbs Arcs 120 280 good 

VaTThorens 125 210 good 

Superb sldrig 
ITALY 

Selva 140 190 good 

ExceBent skiing conditions 

SWITZERLAND 

CransMont 140 220 good 


Conditions 
Off ■ Runs to 
Piste resort 

powder good 


powder good 


weather 

(Spm) _ 


Gstoad 30 125 good varied good fine 

Snow conditions reman excellent 
St Moritz 130 150 good varied good tine 

ExceBent piste sking 

Saas «? e . 14 9 - 300 flood crust good fine 
Afl runs good with firm base 

800(1 varied ** *“ 

Superb piste conditions 

"“’StKkadolL, " 5 *** “ 

jn tte above reports, suppfled by representatives of the Sid Club of Great 
Bntam, L refers to lower siopea and li to upper, aid art to atiflctaL 


4 39 sunny 
3 37 antt 


7 45 dul 
6 43 Cloudy 


Abroad 


SH 

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Pwft 

2/^ 

bo carts 
le taMmu 

m carts 

da 2 am 

include 
tent an 

are not 

a nat 


» BUT* 


Game 


2= 

lywat 

■e way 


s g 48 
s 17 83 
a 23 73 
» 13 55 
4 032 
8 13 55 
8 19 85 


I -1 30 
3 -3 27 
f 34 75 
9 5 41 
ft -1 30 
s 1 34 
ft -1 30 
c -1 30 
S 24 75 
S 24 75 
S 24 75 

f -8 IB 
ft 21 70 


C F 
I 5 41 
e -5 g 
e 24 

c 10 so 

ft 27 81 
f *2 
s 31 as 

s -4 25 
f 2313 


a 9 rt 
a ■» if 

f B 48 

s « 5? 

,-»4l 
ft 5 41 
♦ 

= *2 








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