Skip to main content

Full text of "The Times , 1986, UK, English"

See other formats

£ *!>* j 

No 62,380 






A tale for 
St Valentine 

Modern romance is 
courting by classifieds 

rather than sending 
bouquets and billets- 
doux. The Hawk and 
the Blackbird, a short 
story for St 
Valentine’s day by 
Antonia Fraser, 
explores the pitfalls. 

Island idyll 
in the 

Browned off 

the new 

t The Times Portfolio daily 
competition prize is £4,000 
today because there was no 
winner yesterday. Portfolio 
list, page 28; bow to play, 
information service, page 40. 7 

6 pickets 
arrested at 

Six pickets were arrested 
early yesterday outside the 
offices ofTNT, the Southamp- 
ton^ based road hauliers who 
are organizing the nationwide 
delivery of News 
International's four national 

Contempt proceedings 
against the National Graphi- 
cal Association; whose mem- 
bers at News International 
have been dismissed for strik- 
ing. will be heard today in the, 
High Court. 

An appeal to the police by 
Mr Tony Dubbins, general 
secretary of the NGA, for 
officers to stop all vehicles 
entering and leaving News 
International's new printing 
plant at Wapping, east Lon- 
don, so that pickets could 
speak to the drivers, was 
turned down by Scotland 
Yard yesterday. 

The Union of Communica- 
tion Workers decided yester- 
day to comply with a High 
Court injunction to withdraw 
instructions to postmen to 
Mack the delivery of Sm 
bingo cards. 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

The Prime Minister y ester- accepted means of helping the the Oe 
day damped down any re- lower paid. willee 

maming hopes of significant The Chancellor said; “It oveise 

cuts to next month's would be hi 
Bu f ^ . beneficial fo 

.Asked m the Commons omy and b 
whether she would reduce ployment if 
rates of tax rather than in- the burden - 
crease income tax thresholds, ally and oi 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher re- particular, 
plied: “I am sure we would “Bui the 
like to be able to have the the subslant 
choice. Sea oil never 

In view of the fell in oil the sharp Fall 
pnoes that have already taken not an excus 
place, we must above all have But after a 
a prudent and cautious s ion on t 
“jg fV „ yesterday's 

~, ul . m a wntien Commons ministers wet 

reply 'last night, she reaffirmed hearted aboi 
her long-term determination prospects of 
to reduce the proportion of theConserva 
national income taken bv 
jaxation. "“•“T— “■ * 

There is now increasing Parliament 
certainty among Conservative — 

backbenchers that the Prime A Downii 
Minister will not only stay on that viri 
until the next election - but had spc 
that the election will be de- fog and ti 
layed until 1 988 to an attempt absolutely no 
to weather the immediate The Prime 
economic and fiscal difficulty House that to 
provoked by the plummeting provided an i 
price of oiL (unity. “Und 

Treasury sources said last be helpful to 
night that each dollar fen in ing industrie 
toe price of oil on a stable their costs", s 
exchange rate cost toe Exche- But she joi 
quer about £500 million to in warning 
lost revenues - and toe price could be lost 
had fallen by about 14 dollars ued to outpac 
since last autumn. Mrs Thatd 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the United State* 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, Japan would j 
was urged to toe Commons fall in oil i 
not to use the oil price fell as United King* 
an excuse for failing to raise also, in addit 
income tax thresholds: the unit labour i 

would be highly desirable and 
beneficial for the British econ- 
omy and beneficial for em- 
ployment if we could reduce 
the burden of taxation gener- 
ally and of income tax in 

“Bui toe plain fact is that 
the substantial loss of North 
Sea oil revenues as a result of 
toe sharp Fall in the oil price is 
not an excuse: it is a fact." 

But after a one-hour discus- 
sion on toe Budget at 
yesterday's Cabinet some 
ministers were far from down- 
hearted about the long-term 
prospects of toe economy for 
toe Conservative Party. 

the Germans and toe Japanese 
will get a bigger proportion of 
overseas trade than we shall." 

A Downing Street source 
said that virtually every min- 
ister had spoken at toe meet- 
ing and there had been 
absolutely no discord. 

The Prime Minister told the 
House that toe fall in ofl prices 
provided an economic oppor- 
tunity. “Undoubtedly, it will 
be helpful to our manufactur- 
ing industries. It will reduce 
their costs", she told MPs. 

But she joined Mr Lawson 
in warning that toe bonus 
could be lost if wages contin- 
ued to outpace productivity. 

Mrs Thatcher said that toe 
United States, Germany and 
Japan would gain more from a 
fell in oil prices than the 
United Kingdom. “We must 
also, in addition, keep down 
unit labour costs; otherwise 

Mr Lawson also gave a 
warning about toe effect of 
rising wage costs on sterling 
and interest rates. 

Treasury sources were say- 
ing last night that wages were 
increasing by 7.5 per cent a 
year, while productivity was 
increasing by only 2.5 per 
cent; giving a 5 per cent 
increase in unit labour costs. 
That compared with unii la- 
bour cost decreases of 1 per 
cent in West Germany and 3 
per cent in Japan. 

Ne\ ertoeless, the last week 
has shown that four days are a 
long time in politics and Mrs 
Thatcher has undoubtedly 
bounced back with renewed 
vigour from toe Westland 
affair, the British Leyland 
turn-about, and last weekend's 
spate of ministerial jockeying 
for rank and file backing. 

In a clear signal to Conser- 
vative MPs who have been 
dismayed by recent doubts 
cast on her leadership, she said 
in a written Commons reply 
last nighL “We are well on 
course but there is much left to 
do. I am fully confident that 
we will carry forward our 
policies to a lasting and suc- 
cessful conclusion”. 

The message at Westmin- 
ster Iasi nighi was that toe 
Prime Minister had seen off 
her Conservative critics and 
that she would, indeed, be 
seeking another five years in 




, '■Si*#.. 



preparing to hoist a portion of a cargo door from the ill-fated Challenger 
ace shuttle, which exploded soon after launch last month killing all seven crew, on to 
the deck of the cutter Dallas during salvage operations off the Florida coast. 

moved by 

Guinness faces 
bid setback 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

fear over 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

Mr Michael Heseltine ad- 
mitted yesterday that his resig- 
nation from toe Cabinet and 
toe troubles caused for toe 
Government by toe Westland 
affair could have cost him toe 
future leadership of the Con- 
servative Party. 1 

Hesai±“I knew that he who 
wields toe knife never wears 
the crown.” 

But be made clear, in an 
interview with New Society 
magazine, that toe leadership 
remains his ambition. 

Speaking of toe circum- 
stances surrounding his depar- 
ture from government, toe 
former Secretary of Slate for 
Defence said: “If the cards go 
your way, good luck. If they 
don’t, at least you've done 
something worthwhile.” 

Mr Heseltine disclosed that 
he intends to make a series of 
speeches over the next few 
months defining his brand of 

His speech to toe Young 
Conservatives' conference on 
Sunday was seen as toe open- 
ing of his bid for the leader- 

Other speeches will cover 
unemployment, toe inner cit- 
ies. government and industry. 
Britain in Europe and the role 
and responsibility of capital- 

He made clear his total 
disenchantment with some 
aspects of govern menu partic- 
ularly toe failure to invest 
Two pages of Valentine mes- "tore in manufacturing lindus- 
saees are in today's Tiroes - t*Y- We ve blown North Sea 
sales Jv and 13 9 oil; we've sold the assets. We 

pages i- and are a society too anxious to 

consume and an economy too 

^ 607/111’ reluctant to invest,” he said 

When it was put to him that 
George Hammond. the police- he might be a standard-bearer 
man who was stabbed during a for a post-Thatcherite, more 

Inquiry urged into 
Westland shares 

By Patience Wheatcroft 

Controversy is mounting the com pan 
over the identity 'of- toe six he will also 1 
nominee shareholdings m the million pou 
Westland helicopter company up the right 
which were voted in favour of The Steel 
toe link with Sikorsky and continuing! 
Fiat- frantic de a 

Mr David Horne, adviser to place in W 
the rival European consor- the run-up 

Calcutta (AP) — The Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, Dr Rob- 
ert Runcie, yesterday coddled 
new-born babies abandoned 
among city refuse and prayed 
for dying and destitute slum- 
dwellers, all of them being 
nursed by Mother Teresa, the 
Roman Catholic “Angel of the 

“I would like to kiss her 
toe company he now controls ^Archbishop said., 

he will also have to pay several “J**® belon ®» to i 

million pounds more to take „ e belongs to the j 

Guinness’s agreed £2.2 bil- 
lion takeover bid for Distill- 
ers. toe Scotch whisky group, 
looks certain to be referred to 

ment and that the emergence 
of Guinness as a rival bidder 
cannot change that clearance. 
There have, however, been 

toe Monopolies and Mergers a number of cases which tend 

Mr Paul 


to undermine this view. In toe 
early 1970s, Beecham’s take- 

Trade and Industry Secretary, over bid for Glaxo was cleared 
is expected to make his dect- only to be referred later after 

sion known tod: 

There is still a 

the emergence of Boots as a 
rival contender. 

The Government and the 

up the rights issue. 

The Stock Exchange is now 
continuing its inquiry into toe 
frantic dealing which took 
place in Westland shares in 
toe run-up to Wednesday’s 

tiuzn. said yesterday that he crucial meeting and which 
would ask toe Takeover Panel resulted in six nominee hold- 

to investigate whether these- ings accounting for more than 
holdings amounted to a con- 20 per cent of toe company, 
cert party. If so, toe Panel The Department of Trade 

should insist that Sikorsky- said yesterday that if the 
Fiat make a full scale takeover Stock Exchange, or any inter- 

UJ A., i _ ■ - J . J 

bid for Westland at a mini- 
mam price of 150p a share. 

Tbe Westland share price 
slipped from K)8p to 78p 
yesterday, although the right 
to subscribe for new shares in 
toe reconstruction is worth 
another 20p. 

Analysts believe the shares 
could fall further. Only a few 
days ago Westland's broker 
Rowe & Pitman was paying a 
150p a share on behalf of toe 
nominee holdings. The Euro- 
pean consortium’s abortive 
tender offer was pitched at 

Mr Alan Bristow, who has 
built up toe largest single 
shareholding in Westland as 
pan of bis campaign to defeat 
toe board's proposals, paid at 
least J50p a share for large 
tranches of his 17 per cent 

He bas more than £10 
million of his personal fortune 

esied party, produced evi- 
dence that there may have 
been a concert party at work, 
the department would investi- 
gate and could launch a 

Mr Michael Baugban of 
Lazard Brothers, the mer- 
chant bank which advises toe 
Westland board . said last 
night “We are as keen as 
anyone to find out who these 
mystery shareholders are. 

■Takeover Panel rules insist 
that if a company, or others 
acting in concert, acquire 
more than 30 per cent of a 
company then they must bid 
for toe rest at toe highest price 

This means that if toe 
nominee shareholdings could 
be shown to have been acting 
in concert either with Hanson 
Trust, toe largest supporter of 
the board with just under 15 
per cent, or with Sikorsky, 
which has just under 10 per 

tied up in Westland but if he is cent, they would be obliged to 
to preserve toe proportion of bid. 


He visited Mother Teresa's 
two homes, one for 72 paupers 
and death-bed patients, and 
tbe other for 90 babies. She 
told Che Archbishop and his 
wife, Rosalind Runcie, that 
most of tbe children were 
rescued from rubbish bins and 
the mountains of filth on the 
pavements. Most were aban- 
doned to die by their mothers | 
shortly after birth in India's 
largest city. The infants are 
nursed, then given for adop- 

Archbishop Rnnde. on the 
fifth day of his three-week 
official visit to India, Messed 
and played with the babies. 

At Mother Teresa’s home 
for the dying, be said: “Yon 
could not be other than enor- 
mously moved by tbe presence 
of God in these 
places. . .Everything here is 
done with uncluttered 

Tbe Archbishop visited toe 
two homes 10 days after toe 
tour of the Pope, who called 
her a model of Christian 
charity. He called the borne 
for the dying “a place of hope 
not despair . 

Dr Runcie is making the 
first official visit to India by 
the bead of the Anglican 
Church. India has 23 million 
Christians, three per cent of 
the population of 750 million. 

that the rival £2.3 billion offer Office of Fair Trading have 
b> Argyll could be sucked into been criticized over toe ineq- 
the .Monopolies and Mergers uitaHe treatment they meted 
Commission investigation, al- out over toe Hanson. Imperial 
though this would seem un- and United Biscuits takeover 
likely after Wednesday’s tussle but have justified it by 
decision to clear Hanson saying there was no public 
Trust's bid for Imperial Group interest case for Hanson to 
but refer Imperial's separate answer while toe alternative 

offer for United Biscuits. 

Imperial offer for United Bis- 

Distillers had been pinning cuiis raised considerable com- 
ils hopes on toe agreed petition issues. 

Guinness deal being allowed A merger of Guinness and 
to proceed. A reference of toe Distillers would give toe new 
Guinness merger proposal group more than 35 percent of 
while allowing toe hostile the Scotch whisky market in 
Argyll bid to proceed would be Britain and more than halftoe 
a crushing blow to the Distill- industry's capacity, 
ers directors since it would Argyll’s merchant bank, 
almost certainly guarantee toe Samuel Montagu, bas mean- 
success of toe Argyll offer. while been back in toe stock 
Distillers would find it im- market strengthening its posi- 
possjble to continue with a tion by buying more Distillers 
conventional defence against shares. 

Argyll, having already recom- Montagu bought a further I 

sweet shop raid Iasi year, is 
recovering well after his kid- 
ney transplant operation yes- 
teriiay at Dulwich Hospital 
south London. 

Dingo row 

Mrs Lindy Chamberiain.toe 
woman at toe centre of the 
“dingo baby” murder case, 
has become the focus of a 
wrangle between toe Austra- 
lian Federal Govern ment and 
the Northern Territory 
administration Page 9 

centrist Conservative Party, 
he said: “In politics all pendu- 
lums swing back". 

He made clear that he was 
in favour of more interven- 
tionism, opposed to laissez 
faire and free trade. “That was 
when we were trading with a 
protected empire; no other 
country now believes in it. 

Philippines tension rises 

From David Watts, Manila 

President Marcos appealed his election opponent, at the investigation" of the election 
for calm in the Philippines last suggestion of toe church, if it fraud. Suspecting that this was 
night as tension rose with the would heip to prevent dislur- beyond toe body’s capabilities 
final tabulation of election bances. The possibility of she suggested a wider political 
results by Parliament. violent clashes has risen since exercise should be held 

“In a situation such as we Parliament started to compile M Amiino went tn Manila 
are in now it is important that toe official tally which will aiiS d2ring to^rooon io 
one side ate *e first sicp io resnlun ihe dectamon of ihe mK , Ua body of Mr E velio 
make conciliation possible, new President. Last night it * a , ip _ «mnnrii*r 

he said. The Pnesidenl could M President Marcos "™e^ SffWKK 
not, however, resist the temp- leading by more than 850.000 brought hack from 

ration to bfame toe Oppqsi- votes. . A?tiqu??S the roffin w^l 

upn for much of toe campaign Mrs Aquino mponded ^ed in a people's march 
violence . .... SWiffly with a demand that torowfo the centre of Manila. 

He said he was willing to 
meet Mrs Cora 2 on Aquino, 

Parliament should hold a 
“genuinely independent 

through the centre of Manila. 
Aquino campaign, page 8 

mended its shareholders to 
accept a lower offer from 

Argyll believes that its bid 
for Distillers was uncondition- 
ally cleared by the Govern- 

Pik Botha 
in talks on 

From Alan McGregor 

The South African Foreign 
Minister. Mr R.F. “Pik” Bo- , 
toa. had a second meeting 
yesterday with Mr Chester , 
Crocker. US Assistant Secre- i 
tary of State for African 

Altogether, they had about 
six hours of talks over two 
days, giving much attention to 
Namibia as well reforms in 
South Africa. 

Officials would not com- 
ment on bow far they got on 
Namibia, but there is believed 
to have been movement, with 
the Americans pressing for 
compliance with UN resolu- 
tions opening, the way to full 
statehood. No bint was given 
as to what was said onMr 
Nelson Mandela. Speculation 
has centred on the possibility 
of his being freed in exchange 
for a South African officer 
held in Angola. 

Background, page 8 

million shares on behalf of Mr 
James Gulliver's supermar- 
kets group, bringing the 
company's holding to 10.9 
million shares or 4.55 per cent 
of the totaL 

hours in 

From Ian Murray 

Smiling and cracking jokes 
with his “criminal contacts" 
Mr Anatoly Shcharansky last 
night looked back on his 
darkest hours in tbe past nine 
years and looked forward to a 
new era of detente between 
East and West In which 
human rights played a signifi- 
cant role. 

Mr Shcharansky was hold- 
ing his first press conference 
since his release by tbe Soviet 
Union on Tuesday^ The press, 
he said, were his criminal 
contacts because it was 
through speaking to them as a 
spokesman for human rights 
in Moscow that he had ended 
op in prison. 

He said he had never actual- 
ly beeu tortured by being 
beaten n Nile in prison'but that 
the physical torture was real in 
terms of hunger and cold. He 
had been put in solitary con- 
finement for 130 successive 
days and during (hat time he 
received only 1500 calories in 
food one day and 900 calories 
the next. 

The cold was so intense, he 
said, that it nas impossible to 
sleep because it was necessary 
to do exercises to keep warm. 

His norsl year was 1982 
when he was forbidden to 
receive any mail from anyone 
and he decided that the only 
way to prove to toe world that 
he was still alire was to stage a 
hunger strike. 

“1 had to face up to the fact 
(hat I would' probably have to 
starve myself to death in order 
to prove I was alive," he said. 

Only twice did conditions 
change for him. The first was 
at toe end of 1984 when he was 
taken into hospital and given 
meat and vitamins for two 
months. He found out why 
when he was allowed a visit 
from his mother and brother at 
the point when he was begin- 
ning to look well again. Imme- 
diately after he saw them he 
was senf back to the near- 
starvation regime. 

TV- *xwxl "V y 
over a mould ago trleirbemis ■ 
fattened op before his release. 
“The tradition of toe Soviet 
system when it prodnees goods 
for export is to put them in 
much better covers.” he said. 

Mr Shcharansky said he 
was optimistic that the release 
of other Soviet Jews could be 
, won. 

“Now there exists a real 
opportunity to build a new 
detente, which combines hu- 
man rights with other 
spheres." he said. 

Mr Shcharansky had just 
passed the series of medical 
tests which showed that he has 
only got a very slight heart 
problem after all his ordeals. 
He has been advised to rest 
and take it easy for a few 
months before becoming too 
active again, but at his press 
conference be seemed deter- 
mined to throw himself as soon 
as possible into toe work for 
Soviet Jewry. 

Photograph, page 7 


Russian hotels lock out the nosey key-ladles 

roison war 

."’■an and Iraq accused each 
oilier of using poison gas in 
the desperate battles being 
fought out in toe swamps 
south of Basra Page 7 

From Christopher Walker 

The latest institution to fall 
under the streamlining axe of 
toe new Kremlin leadership 
led by Mikhail Gorbachov is 
that of the dezhurmye, the all- 
seeing key-ladies who enjoyed 
pride of place on each floor of 
every Soviet hotel and acted as 
unofficial moral guardians. 

The latest edition of 
Lherctamayo Gmeta (Liter- 
ary Gazette), the weekly paper 
jof the writers* anion, reports 
the success of a 19-year cam- 
paign against this unique Son- 
et custom with a decree from 
tbe Ministry of Housing and 

Communal Services in the 
Russian Federation (the larg- 

est Of the USSR’s IS repub- 
lics) abolishing the job from 
January 1. 

Id future, in most hotels 
large and small where the nosy 
(but often bribable) key-ladies 
held sway, a Western-style 
system will be introduced with 
keys collected and returned 
from a front-hall desk. 

Officially, her job is only to 
give guests the key to their 
rooms, but at the vital moment 
the key-lady is somehow never 
there, the paper reported. 

On the other hand, she is 
always very much in evidence 
when she wants to move you to 
another room, or to search 
Hnder tbe bed or in the 
cupboards for unwelcome 

guests. She long ago took on 
tiie added authority of a 
guardian of morals. 

Long resented by Soviet and 
foreign guests alike, tbe 
dezhanye (literally “the duty 
ladies") were seen by outsiders 
as a symbol of the authoritar- 
ian nature of Soviet society 
and its tendency to encourage 

They were also costly, which 
is the main reason for their 
abolition at a time when the 
Kremlin is running a drive 
against Inefficiency. 

Though the decree has so 
far been introduced unly in the 
Russian Federation - which 
embraces both Moscow and 
Leningrad — Soviet sources 

predict that it will eventually 
be taken up in the far-flung 
republics which fake their cue 
from the centre. 

The Literary' Gazette point- 
ed oat that the rest of tbe world 
had always managed to run 
hotels without “key ladies" 
and said it was “marvellous" 
that Russia bad now seen 

It claimed that toe state 
would save millions of roubles 
“without any redaction in 
service . . . These women are 
not only superfluous* but posi- 
tively harmful to toe nervous 

The paper, which said that 

its First article attacking tbe 
system had appeared as long 

ago as 1967, said that toe 
Ministry of Communal Ser- 
vices had refused to proride it 
with exact figures about bow 
many jobs would be lost 

But at tbe large Hotel 
Moskva in tbe capital it 
discovered that 130 key-ladies 
had been removed, at a saving 
of about £150,000 a year. 

To mark the success of its 
campaign, toe Gazette an- 
nounced a new weekly column 
dealing with the problems of 
“useless occupations". It 
called on readers to suggest 
others which could be abol- 
ished by toe state. 



The outspoken memoirs t »f a 
living American legend - the 
saviour of Chrysler 
and a man urged by many 
ro run lor President. 

“You finish this 
book fueling 
You believe* you 
can do it too.” 



-, on 

i les 

I. ■ ^ nv 

K. -‘icr 



I .C , 3SS‘i-w^C , o^E , B‘gg3^8S‘?Sr 85*PS"9.3 e-HBRUS* 



**’< s * *S 


Doctors clash over 
use of drugs 


to control prisoners 



lack of 

find link 
to senile 

Conflict among doctors 
over the use of drugs in 
Britain's jails to keep prison- 
ers calm is highlighted in 
evidence to a House of Com- 
mons select committee. 

A report to the committee 
says the administering of be- 
haviour modifying drugs is 
‘'the most notorious instance 
of the blurred dividing line 
between care and control in 
prison medicine". 

MPs on the social services 
committee are investigating 
the prison medical service and 
their latest evidence comes 
from pressure groups includ- 
ing the National Prisoners’ 
Movement (PROP) and Radi- 
cal Alternatives to Prison 

(RAP)- . 

The reformists say the pris- 
on medical service in its 
present form creates a conflict 
between the loyalty of medical 
officers to the prison manage- 
ment and their duties to 

“The use of drugs in prison. 

By Stephen Goodwin, Political Staff 
doctors quest, want medical service their claim with detailed star 
-ugs in duties divided between two ti sties. But the approach of 
prison- groups of doctors. particular doctors varied from 

ited in Prisoners would have the a liberal use of drugs to those 
if Com- right to choose a personal who prescribe “a good work- 

physician from GPS serving put in (he gym". 

the area of the prison while the 
duly of advising prison man- 
agement and the courts on 
medical matters would con- 
tinue to be performed by 
doctors employed by the 
Home Office. 

Wandsworth is said to pre- 
scribe five times as many 
drugs a prisoner as Lincoln, 
although both are overcrowd- 
ed local prisons for men. 

• Prison officers at Thorp 
Arch remand centre, near 

Except in a handful of Wetherby, West Yorkshire, 

institutions, management no 
longer even pretends to be 
concerned primarily with re- 
habilitation, the groups say. 
Its aim is simply to keep the 
prison running as quietly and 
smoothly as possible. 

"Hie conflict which may 
arise between this goal and the 
medical interests of the pris- 
oners have been most appar- 

have voted to take industrial 
action overa decision they say 
will move rapists and murder- 
ers to their establishment. 

The move is aimed at 
relieving overcrowding at 
Arm ley Jail in Leeds, but] 
prison officers at Thorp Arch, 
claim it is unsuitable for the 
purpose. I 

lire proposal is to change 

em in relation to the use of the role of the Thorp Arch 


The groups' submission 
says prisoners may fear sanc- 
tions if they do not consent to 

the general health care of being kept quiet by taking 
prisoners, prevention of sui- Iran qui Users- They may also 

rides and preparation of medi- accept drugs as the only way to 
cal reports, are all affected by cope with the stress of impris- 
this fundamental structural onmenL 

flaw", their evidence says. 

“Very laige numbers of 

PROP, RAP and a third doses are prescribed, particu- 
organization concerned with Jarly in the women’s prisons”. 

deaths in custody called In- the groups said. They backed 

young prisoners’ remand cen- 
tre to that of a category “C" 
adult prison. Juvenile prison- 
ers will be transferred to Hull 
and Leeds. 

A Home Office spokesman 
said: “It is rubbish to suggest 
that Thorp Arch will become a 
centre for murderers and rap- 
ists. it will in fact, become a 
prison for Category C offend- 
ers who are the least difficult 
inmates in dosed prisons." 

The three-masted schooner La Dame de training' vessel for the French Navy and 

Serfc, which broke her moorings in a force bought last year by a Worcestershire 

nine gale yesterday drifted on to rocks businessman, was in the bar bom for 

under St Mawes castle in CornwalL There maintenance. Salvage vessels were plan- 

was no one on board. urns to try to refloat her at high tide last 

The schooner, bidlt 30 years ago as a aigEt. 

FitzGerald shuffles Cabinet 
to halt slide in popularity 




SDI briefing for 
British groups 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

By Thomson Prentice 

A remote controlled para- 
chute which can be steered to a 
prerise landing spot could 
revolutionize rescue opera- 
tions and save many lives. 

The parachute, invented in a 
Hampshire attic, can deliver 
payloads of op te 500kg from 
op to 25,000 feet It can be 
steered by ground control, 
ground transmkter,or by a 
parachutist using band con- 
trols. The system has been. 
developed by a former Army 
officer and electronics expert, 

- in Andover, Hamps^e! 

British Airborne Systems 
and Equipment has been get 
np to make the parachutes in 
Hampshhe. The former chief 
test pilot of Concorde, Mr 
Brian Trnbshaw, a con sulta nt, 
said yesterday^The system is 
the most significant step for- 
ward in design since the 
invention of the parachute." 

About K)0 British compa- 
nies and other organizations 
are to receive a top-level 
classified briefing next Tues- 
day on the scope for British 
participation in the American 
Strategic Defence Initiative 
research programme. 

! This is among the first fruits 
of the memorandum of under- 
standing between Britain and 
the United States on British 
participation which was 
signed in December. 

Lieutenant-General James 
Abraham son. director of the 
American SDI Office, win 
address .the conference. 

Ministry of Defence sources 
said that so for up to 10 
agreements had been reached 
worth more than £1 million for 
work by British organizations 
on aspects of the research 

It was emphasized that 
these were only preliminary 
contracts which could lead to 

contracts of much greater 

Among the contracts so far 
agreed, on which the Ministry 
of Defence refuses to release 
details, are one for work on 
optical computers with Her- 
iot-Watt University at Edin- 
burgh, and contracts 
involving Ferranti and 
Plessey. Another worth $2 
million (£1.4 million) was said 
to be "on its way" across the 

A previously unrevealed as- 
pect of the memorandum of 
understandiite is that h speci- 
fies seven broad areas of 
activity in the SDI programme 
in which there will be an 
exchange of information . be- 
tween tiie two countries. 

These include advanced 
computing; space technology, 
lasers and optics; battlefield 
management and command, 
control and communications 
systems; and special materials 

By Richard Ford 

Nine Cabinet ministers in 
the Irish Republic switched 
jobs last night in a reshuffle 
aimed at restoring the popu- 
larity of the coalition govern- 

The scope of the changes 
announced by Dr Garret Fitz- 
Gerald, the Prime Minister, 
after a day of feverish specula- 
tion and rumour in the Dail, 
took politicians of all parlies 
by surprise. 

They had expected the 
changes to involve a few 
ministers, but with the Fine 
Gael - Labour coalition at its 
lowest level of popularity 
since coming to office three 
years ago. Dr FitzGerald has 
taken drastic, some would 
argue panic, measures to re- 
store its fortunes in time fbr a 
general election which must 
be held before November 

The main change is the 
removal of Mr Alan Dukes 
from ' the' Ministry of Finance . 
after four hairsMrt Budgets, to 
be replaced by Mr John 
Breton, a tough believer in 
right-wing economics, who as 
Minister for Finance intro- 
duced the Budget which 
brought down Dr FitzGerald’s 
first government in 1982. 

The new Cabinet 

Previous post in brackets 
Prime Minister. Dr Fitz- 

Minister for Energy: Mr 
Dick Spring 

Minister for Agriculture: 
Mr Austin Deasy 
Minister for Corannmkar 
tions: Mr Jim Mitchell 
Minister for Foreign '"Af- 
fairs: Mr Peter Barry 
Minister for Health: Mr 
Barry Desmond 
Minister for Education: Mr 
Patrick Cooney (Defence) 
Minister for Environment: 
Mr John Boland (Public Ser- 

. Minister for Industry and 

Commerce: Mr Michael 
Noobm (Justice) 

Minister for Finan ce; Mr 
John Bruton (Industry and 

Minister for Social Welfare: 
Mrs Gemma Hussey (Educa- 

Minister for Justice: Mr 
Alan Dukes (Finance) 

Minister for GaeUacht, 
Fisheries, Forestry and. Tour- 
ism: Mr Liam Kavanagh (Eh- , 

Minister fur Defence: Mr 
Patrick O’Toole (Gaeftacht) 
Minister for Labour and 
Public Service: Mr Rnaii 
Quint (Labour) 

Britain's women are won- 
dering where ;aB the Romeos 
have gone, according to the 
latest Valentine Poll by Gal- 

in spite of the occasional 
candlelit dinner, red roses and 
Valentine’s Day promises, one 
in three women fed the ro- 
mance in their lives is missing 
Although the survey of 
1,181 people found that 82 per 
cent of men who have wives or 
girlfriends believe their part- 
ners are romantic, only 64 per 
cent of women could say the 
same about their men. 

Women in the North of 
England are most dissatisfied; 
a thir d said their partners were 
not passionate. - 
But romance seems to be 
flourishing in Scotland, where 
fewer than a quarter of Scots 
admitted that .their partners 
could be more romantic. 

The word " romance" itself 
represented different things to 
many people, the survey 

Nearly a quarter (23 per 
cent) of men and women 
mentioned love, and IS per 
cent wonted- companionship 
and. understanding. 

Women with more 
materialistic concepts wanted 
inti mate dinners and red 
roses, chocolates and other 
gifts, to dress up the romance 
in their lives. 

Only 1 percent of men and : 
women said Valentine's Day 
brought more romance. Near- 
ly 47 per cent believe people 
have become less romantic 
and only 18 per cent said their 
romantic stakes had in- 

Another Valentine survey, 
conducted by MORI, found 
that Terry Wogan was the 
man most women would like 
to spend St Valentine's Day 
with, while the models 
Samantha Fox was the men's 
ideal choice. 

Gallup Valentine Poll (Social 
Surveys (GaQup Poll) Ltd, 202 
Finchley Road, Loudon NW3 

Messages, pages 12 and 13 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 
A form of the >w sifent 
epidemic of senile dementia, 
affecting more than 250.000 
people in Britain, is firmly 
linked with exposure to high j 
levels of aluminium, scientists 
say in a report published 
today - 

Reducing the levels of solu- 
ble aluminium which occur in 
water and certain foods could 
be the best long-term strategy 
for controlling tire spread of 
the condition, they suggest 
The widespread brain disor- 
der. known as Alzheimer's 
disease, causes memory loss 
and personality breakdown in 

The evidence implicating 
aluminium as an agent in 
Alzheimer’s d isease is pub- 
lished in The Lancet today by 
scientists in Newcastle and 
Cambridge. * 

They have shown that high 
levels of alu m i n iu m , com- 
bined with silicon, are present 
at the centre of senile 
plaques- minute areas of 
brain damage winch occur in 
vast numbers throughout the 
brains of patients with this 

It is the first time that this 
aluminium "sand" has been 
found in the nervous system. 
But the scientists stress that 
the dumps which occur in 
Alzheimer's disease are not 
due simply to exposure of high 
levels of aluminium. 

_ Professor James 
Edwardson , director of the 
Medical Research Council's 
neuroendocrine! ogy unit in 
Newcastle upon Tyne, says* 
aluminum is present in drink- 
ing water in many areas of 
Britain. The places with the 
highest concentrations of the 
metal are now being located, 
ho says. 

Forest holiday 

Approval has been given for 
a £25 nnftkm holiday village 
with 600 bungalows in Sher- 
wood, Forest, Nottingham- 

volved in the Anglo-Irish 
agreement and its efforts to 
improve border security, and 
increase the confidence of the 
Northern minority in the 
province's judicial system and 
security forces. . 

1 His predecessor.' Mr Mi- 
chael Noonan, takes over 
from Mr Bruton at the Minis- 

try of Industry and Commerce 
after three years at the justice 

Mr Dukes takes over at the 
Ministry for Justice and in his 
new job will be closely in- 

after three years at the justice 
ministry dealing with terror- 
ism, a drugs epidemic and a 
growing crime wave in the 

The only woman in the 
Cabinet, Mrs Gemma Hussey, 
is demoted from the Ministry 

Give more to charity, 
Princess tells firms 

Princess Anne yesterday re- 
buked British industry and 
commerce over the amount 
they gave to the Save the 
Children Fund, last year. 

The Princess, who is presi- 
dent of the fund, told a 
meeting of the Royal Institute 
of International Affairs that 
she was aware of the many 
calls on industry and com- 
merce to support good causes. 

But the 5.6 per cent which 
business contributed to the 
fiincfs income was “not a lot". 

Princess Anne said the 
nintTs income last year - £42.5 
million - was a big increase on 

must all try to become aware 
of belonging to a worldwide 
community, both in the busi- 
ness and personal sense. 

“So many of the problems 
we suffer from are shared, and 
because we are at different 
levels of development should 
not stop us from relating to 
and communicating with, and 
helping those who have not 
attained the same level of 

previous years. 
The Prince 

incess said: “We 

The Princess went to re- 
ceive a cheque for £150.000, 
for a children's hospital in 
Khartoum, raised by the 
Westminster Christmas Ap- 
peal Trust 

Bequest to aid writers 

By Patricia Cfoagh 

Young authors struggling 
to explain the complexities of 
modern life have found a 
friend in an elderly woman 
from Shropshire who kept 

Miss Kathleen Blundell, an 
accountant who died last 
October aged 71, has left 
about a quarter of a million 

S iunds in her will to a trust 
nd to be administered by 
the Society of Authors, the 

writers' trade union. 

The proceeds, she speci- 
fied, are to help British 
authors under the age of 40 
to write works “which con- 
tribute to greater understand- 
ing of social and economic 

Miss Blundell who had a 
firm of accountants in Sutton 
Coldfield. lived in 
Pontesbury. near Shrewsbury. 

Lessing award, page 5 
Other wills, page 18 

of Education where die has 
been involved in an acrimoni- 
ous dispute with teachers over 
pay, to take over at social 

The social welfare function 
is taken from Mr Barry Des- 
mond. who retains the health 
portfolio but is understood to 
have spent part of yesterday 
resisting Dr FitzGerald's ef- 
forts .to mope him to- another 

The new Minister for De- 
fence is Mr Paddy O’Toole, 
who takes over from Mr 
Paddy Cooney, who is pro- 
moted to education. Mr 
O’Toole’s job as Minister for 
■the Gaeltacht is taken by Mr 
Liam Kavanagh. previously 
Minister fbr the Environment 

Three junior ministers lost 
their jobs in the reshuffle, 
allowing Dr FitzGerald to 
introduce two younger mem- 
bers, including a woman, into 
the Government 

Militant inquiry 
‘a Star Chamber’ 

Five ' supporters of the district party executive 7 

« iQ/iJ #[■■«« *17 • 

Labour Party yesterday de- 
scribed a national inquiry as 
“a Star Chamber -with an 
atmosphere ofintiinidation"- 
The five women, all asked 
to give evidence, joined the 
final sessions of the national 
Labour Party inquiry into the 
suspended district party’s con- 
duct Three gave evidence but 
two pulled out and all with- 
drew further co-operation. 
Miss Josie Altman claimed 
a “hit list” had been 
drawn up of about 20 Militant 
supporters earmarked fbr ex- 
pulsion, and that all five of 
them -were on it 
Miss Altman, a member of 

“The main line of die inquea- 
- lion has been to establish who 
supports the Militants. 

- “Clearly, the intention is to 
move the expulsion of leading 
Militant supporters.” 

They were told by letter thai 
evidence would be presented 
to them — instead, they were 
given only “unsubstantiated 
allegations and lies”. 

Miss Cathy Wilson, another 
of those who gave evidence, 
said: “I felt embarrassed and 

The inquiry team is expect- 
ed to report to the national 
executive committee on Feb- 
ruary 26. 

Heseltine role criticized 

Westland relief is mixed with fear 

As they walked into the 
Westland helicopter plant yes- 
terday, the 7,000 employees 
whose future caused the gov- 
ernment to rock, passed by the 
national flags of Britain a nd 
Italy snapping .in the bitter 
wind alongside Old Glory. 

The flags, proud and newly 
washed, were, they hoped, 
symbolic of a new stability 
arid security that has eluded 
them for nine weary months. 

Inside the plant, the relief 
that a bitter chapter in their 
history had been decided was 
almost perceptible. Butif their 
mistrust of the French was 
great, their fear of American 
business methods and the 
continuing depressed state of 
the world helicopter market 
tempered any tendency to talk 
in terms of victory. 

Mr Stephen Allen, aged 32, 
said: “There is a feefing of 
relief certainly but we do not 
really know how the Sikorsky- 
Fiat deal is going to affect us. 
We backed the board because 

From Tim Jones, Yeovil 
we could not see how the 
Germans and French could 
hdp us when they have got 
their own men on short-time 

His colleague, Mr David 
Spencer, who has worked 14 
years with the company, said: 
"We are all glad it is going to 
Sikorsky. We have worked 
with the Yanks fbr years and 
think this was the best possi- 
ble outcome.” 

Some of the men, working 
on the huge shop floor where 
great half-built Sea King heli- 
copters dwarf the smaller 
frames of Gazelles and other 
types, were eager to talk but 
reluctant to be named as the 
company wfll next month 
announce the names of 750 
employees who are to lose 

One employee with 16 years 
of service said: “I have chil- 
dren, a mortgage and all the 
other commitments. I feel 
happier today than I have 
done for some time But I fear 

there will be more redundan- 
cies in order to make the 
company viable.” 

One positive way to elicit 
shopfloor comment is to men- 
tion the name of Mr Michael 
Heseltine, former Secretary of 
State fbr Defence. The epi- 
taphs are unprintable. 

Even at executive level it is 
clear that there was no great 
admiration for the French way 
of doing things. A company 
spokesman said that although 
they collaborated with 
Aerospatiale on three helicop-, 
ters, often when, chasing or -r 
de rs that company would be 
pushing the merits of an 
exclusively Frencb-boilt ma- 

Typical shop-lifter is 
said to be young man 

The popular image of a 
typical shop-lifter bong a 
confused, elderly woman is 
probably wrong, a new survey 
shows. The modern shop thief 
is more likely to be a young 
man. whose main target is 

By Craig Seton 

; of a sion to prosecute shoplifters 

Social worker 
not guilty of 
seducing boy 


should not be taken lightly 
because the effects couldms 
quentiy outweigh the harm 
caused by the original offence. 

Conviction could cause loss 
of job, depression, the break- 
up of a relationship and the 
identification of the convicted 
person as a thief. 

The survey, conducted in an 
unidentified city by Mr Rob- 
ert Munday. a prosecuting 
solicitor with West Midlands 
County Council, demon- 
strates a shift in trends since 
1960, when research showed 
twice as many women as men 

Mr Munday examined 277 
Shop-lifting cases and found 
that 172 involved men and 
105 women. Most were aged 
under 21 and clothing was 
ahead of food, alcohol cos- 
metics and records on a 
typical shop-lifter's list. 

Mr Munday said the deci- 

Mr Monday’s report says; 
“Informed, intelligent and ef- 
fective decision-making will 
require Crown prosecutors to 
acquire a knowledge of the 
patterns of local crime and 
some insight into the motiva- 
tion of offenders." 

tion of offenders." 

Among the case histories 
quoted by Mr Munday was 
that of a man aged 51 who 
stole alcohol worth £2.79. He 
told police that he had a drink 
problem and that his daughter 
aged 14 had died four davs 

Lynda Swindell a social 
worker, aged 29, was found 
not guilty at Cardiff Crown 
Court yesterday of indecent 

it was alleged that she barf 
sexual intercourse with a boy, 
aged 14, who was under her 
supervision after a court ap- 
pearance fbr burglary. 

The boy had been staying at 
her home in Wyndham Road, 
Canton, Cardiff; to help with 
painting and decorating work 
lor which she paid him £5. 

Miss Swindell who did not 
give evidence, denied the 
alligation. She had already 
been dismissed from her post 
by Gwent County CounciL 

During the trial the jury 
was shown video tapes of 
naked boys in the bathroom. 

After the verdict, a spoked 
man for Gwent County Coun- 
cil said: “Our -decision to 
dismiss Miss Swindell 



of several hundred exceptionally 
fine and vnedSum quaBty handmade 


nigs and runners... 

found on thehomematet 

merchandise s the property of a niroba’c^ principal cfirect importers in the UK., . 
wnicn has been deared from H.M. Customer Excise bond, to be disposed at norninai or '■ 

1b be transferred from bonded warehouses and offered afthe 


ON SUNDAY, ii6th FEBRUARYat 3pm. 
Viewing from noon same day. 

ClULililT- QlA»i : 1 1 7Z- 

Auew^ AViyiBriarSrtscoa& Rvtnera Ud., 14VM6 New Sand Street tendon wi. Tel. 01-493 AStd. 


ft i r 

pf i ^ 

Arizona tor the Grand Canyon. 

Wash ington for the capital sights 

St Louis - gateway to the West 

_ • RJpgfKlfcrfiani 


New York for New York. 

Dallas for some gpod oT friends 

Miami for the Florida Everglades 

. | C>° } ^ £> _ ] 





; n '-'T tm 
* * ‘ t| Ui. 

i I 

• * 

*• ^ (I ■ 


n f ■ 
*; - 


y I 

. /i 

~ Af./ 

NHS ‘giving better 
value’ after £105m 
efficiency savings 


/Hie National Health Ser- 
v «« was praised yesterday for 

? m’SSr 6 beUer v alue from its 
£10 billion a year budget 

*" 1984/85 cosi ira^ove- 
men is aimed at releasing cash 
tor manpower without affect- 
ing semccs amounted to 
f million. This year, 
to-ann authorities aim for 
efficiency savings of more 
than £153 million. 

Sir Gordon Downey, 
Comptroller and . Auditor 
General, said in a report on 
value-for-money develop- 
ments in the NHS presented 
to Parliament yesleiday: “The 
first round of cost improve- 
ment programmes has pro- 
duced a significant step 
forward in the search for 
efficiency in the hospital 

But after an investigation by 

By Richard Evans 

the National Audit Office 
covering four regional health 
authorities and 11 district 
health authorities he noted 
that not all avenues for further 
cost improvements have been 

“It seems likely that larger 
savings could be achieved if 
all authorites tackled the 
search for cost improvements 
with equal vigour." 

He highlighted how Oxford 
Regional Health Authority ex- 
pected to save only £20.000 
from energy conservation this 
year, while others, including 
West Midlands and York- 
shire, planned to save more 
than £500,000. 

Similarly, while most re- 
gions planned to save between 
£150,000 and £2.5 million on 
supplies, the East Anglian 



expected to save 

• Sir Gordon also discovered 
that the level of cost improve- 
ments varied significantly be- 
tween both districts and 
regions. “Well defined procc 
dures have not been estab- 
lished in all authorities." 

He said that his inquiry had 
demonstrated the need for 
further improvements in pro- 
cedures by health authorities 
“if the potential for achieving 
even greater value for money 
in the provision of services to 
patients in the NHS is to be 

He suggested that individ- 
ual health authorities should 
actively seek information 
about, and maintain records 
on. good value for money 
achieved elsewhere. 

Jail for 

A young mother obsessed by 
the occult, who admitted the 
culpable homicide of her baby 
daughter, was sentenced to 
five years' jail at tbe High 
Court in Edinburgh yesterday. 

Last month, after a nine-day 
trial at the High Court in 
Glasgow, her boy friend, Alan 
Porter, aged 28, was convicted 
of strangling the child, aged 
three months, at Ballocfa Cas- 
tle Country Park in 1983. 

He was jailed for life for the 
murder, bat tbe baby's body 
was never found. 

The mother, Sfaeeaa 
McLaughJan, aged 23, plead- 
ed guilty to a reduced charge of 
culpable homicide, when the 
Crown accepted that she was 
suffering from diminished re- 

The jury was told that her 
life was ruled by “spirit 
guides” “Tibetan monks" in 
saffron robes, and tarot cards. 
She told doctors her spirit 
guide said the baby had to die. J 

Inner-city homes 
drive announced 

By Richard Thomson 

The Halifax. Britain’s larg- 
est building society, yesterday 
announced a new commit- 
ment to develop decaying 
inner-city housing as soon as 
legislation now going through 
Parliament allows it to do so. 

Mr Richard Hornby, the 
chairman, said the Halifax 
would set up a subsidiary 
company to own land and lead 
the development He said that 
the society planned to fond an 
annual programme rising to 
about £ 1 00 million by the end 
of the decade. 

By 1990 tbe scheme could 
be producing more than 3,000 
homes a year. Mr Hornby said 
that the new company would 
normally use a “design and 
build" approach using large or 
medium-sized builders, with 
project management handled 
by hired specialists. 

Mr Hornby added that be 
believed building societies 
would have an advantage as 

developers in inner city areas 
because they were non-politi- 
cal and had the confidence of 
local councils, unlike some 
large commercial developers. 

The housing built by the 
Halifax’s new company would 
be partly for rent and partly 
for sale. The society already 
has a scheme to finance 
housing developments, which 
has so far produced more than 
1.500 new homes. 

Mr Hornby criticized the 
decay of inner cities, which he 
said was bad and getting 
worse. He added: “Urban 
renewal cannot simply be left 
to the marketplace; and if 
market forces alone will not 
solve the problem there can be 
no question of Government 
trying to hand over entirety to 
the private sector. Neither the 
Government nor the private 
sector alone can solve the 

found in 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

An unknown marble por- 
trait bust of Benjamin Frank- 
lin, tbe American statesman, 
^dentist and philosopher, has 
come to light in tbe home of a 
Yorkshire innkeeper. 

Mr Patrick Crawley runs 
tbe Carpenters’ Arms at 
Felix kirk, near Thirst, He 
was given “Benjamin", as tbe 
statue is known by the family, 
wbeu be was aged eight by an 
old neighbour in Nottingham- 

That was 31 years ago. Now 
it to be sold at Christie's, 
which has set a conservative 
estimate of £150,009 on the 
bust. Once the Americans get 
bidding, it will probably sell 
for a good deal more. 

The bust is tbe work of John 
Michael Rysbraclu one of the 
most distinguished sculptors 
working in Britain in the I8th 
century, and dates from tbe 
end of bis career. 

Franklin was in Britain 
from 1757 to 1762. representing 
Pennsylvania and other colo- 
nies as agent in London. 

It is the earliest known 
portrait bust of Franklin. 

Sale room, page 18 

Mr Crawley with the previously unknown bust of Benjamin Franklin he is selling. 

(Photograph: Tim Bishop) 

Move to calm racial tension at school 

Education officials in Liver- 
pool yesterday moved to calm 
tensions at a comprehensive 
school where some senior 
pupils walked out alleging 
racial discrimination against 
white children. 

Mr Kenneth AntclifTe. the 
director of education, denied 
there were any serious racial 
undertones to the incident but 
admitted that efforts to ensure 
harmony between black and 
while children at the newly- 
amaigamated school had 

"We have to take the pro- 
cess of creating racial harmo- 
ny a little more sensitively. 
There does seem to be a fairly 
volatile situation". He said. 

By Peter 

“What parents and children 
told me certainly disturbed 
me but it is only 10 youngsters 
out of nearly 1.000 pupils. We 
will rake every step that we 
can to ensure that it does not 
happen again." 

Mr AniclitTe said that the 
trouble had begun with a 
dispute between two boys over 
a girl. Although it had in- 
volved black and white young- 
sters it was not a racial issue. 

Yesterday the 10 fifth-form 
white pupils at the University 
Community Comprehensive 
were taking lessons in a library 
on the campus. Education 
department officials said that 
if they persisted with their 
complaints about feeling 


threatened they would be 
moved to other schools. 

The pupils claimed there 
was "one rule for whites and 
another for blacks". They 
alleged that among new rules 
were instructions that a black- 
board must be called a chalk- 
board. that discos became 
reggae parties, that the school 
held two minutes silence for a 
man hanged in South Africa, 
and that library books had 
been racially censored. 

The school was formed by 
the amalgamation of three 
schools m a big reoganization 
in the city last September. 
There are about 140 black 
children at the school. 

The 10 pupils met educa- 
tion officials, governors and 
members of the local commu- 
nity relations council to voice 
their concerns and to ask for 
reassurances about their safe- 

Moor chase 

John Ashley Edwards, aged 
25. of St Jude’s, Plymouth, 
was remanded in custody 
yesterday when he appeared 
before Tavistock magistrates, 
charged with assault and in- 
tent to rob a woman, after a 
helicopter and car chase across 
Dartmoor on Wednesday. 





By Lon- Hodges 

Education Correspondent 

Students of Russian, study- 
ing at school or university, an 
faced with a scandalous short 
age of good Russian text 
books, according to a surve; 
in today's Times Educations 

There is almost nothing ti 
compare with the lively mate 
rials available for students o 
French, and the shortage exac 
erbaies the waning of Russian 
School teachers are stuck will 
a few traditional stalwarts 
such as the Penguin Russia 
Course, "dated, dull ant 
steeply graded”. 

In universities and poly 
technics, lecturers have u 
train a large proportion o 
Russian students from scratcl 
to make up for the seven 
shortage of entrants with O o 
A level. Mr Nicholas Brown. ; 
lecturer in Russian at ihi 
School of Slavonic and Eas 
European Studies at Londor 
University, says. 

A survey of 22 universiiie 
and polytechnics where Rus 
sian is taught from scratch ha: 
revealed that the most widefr 
used book is the Peneuit 
Russian Course, used at 12 o 
the institutions surveyed, anc 
published in 1955. Beyonc 
beginners* level, up to A leve- 
and beyond there has never 
been much available. Mi 
Brown says. 

Educational publisher?' 
attribute the dearth of gooc; 
Russian texts to inadequate 
demand which Mr Browr 
denies. . 

. The second most popular 
text in universities and poly- 
technics is Russkiy yazyk dlye 
(Russian for Everybody), 3 
Russian publication which 
sells more than 700 copies a 
year. “There is obviously 
more demand than publishers 
recognize", Mr Brown says. 

Meanwhile, many teachers 
rely on tbeir own 
materials.“Such individual 
enterprise has always been a 
feature of the Russian-leach- 
ing business.” 

Husband had to sleep in car 

Mr Jack Mouncey, a senior 
manager, was dominated in 
his £100,000 home by Ids wife, 
Maureen, who sometimes 
made him sleep in the car. 

Mrs Mouncey, aged 54, a 
teacher, took the view that he 
was “really a working-class 
boy who had made good and 
should be kept in his place", a 
divorce judge said yesterday. 

For Mr Mouncey. aged 56, 
Northern England district 
manager for Ford being kept 
in his place meant being 
locked out on occasions; sleep- 
ing on the living room couch; 

By a Staff Reporter 
never being allowed to use an 
upstairs bathroom or lavatory 
and not bring cooked for. 

Despite all that, when he 
returned to his home at 
Chelmsford Essex, for the 
weekend after working all 
week from his base in Harro- 
gate, North Yorkshire, the 
first thing be would do on 
Saturday mornings was take 
his wife tea and toast in bed 
Mr Justire Waterhouse said in 
the Family Division in Lon- 

He awarded Mr Mouncey, 

now of Elmwood Street Har- 
rogate. a divorce on the 
ground that he could no longer 
be expected to tolerate his 
wife’s behaviour. 

The judge said it was a sad 
case of a husband who 
became“a mere visitor to his 
own household” 

The marriage started to go 
down-bill and the couple had 
not had sexual intercourse 
since 1979, the judge said 
Mis Mouncey denied the 
allegations and contended that 
the 35-year marriage had not 
broken down. 

Sinclair claims £8m in 
orders for computer 

A microchip which can play 
music is one of the novel 
features of the blest computer 
from the Sinclair stable, which 
file company claims has at- 
tracted £8 million of re la ouch 

The ZX Spectrum 128 is an 

enhanced version of the 
snccesfhi Spectrum Pins. It 
will be made by Timex in 
Dm) dee under contract to Sin- 
clair Research and is available 
from retailers at £179.99. 

According to Sir Clive Sin- 
clair, founder of tbe computer 
company, the financial prob- 
lems experienced by his group 
last year are now over, and 
about £10 million of a £15 
million debt has been repaid to 
his principal creditors, Tborn- 
Emi, Timex and AB Electron- 

ics, manufacturers of Sinclair 
products, along with Citibank 
and Barclays, tbe company’s 

Sinclair Research believes 
that tbe future of borne com- 
puting is rooted in entertain- 
ment and the success of the 
new machine depends on that 
strategy. A recent Gallop sur- 
vey disclosed that 62 per cent 
of borne computers are now 
used for games, an increase of 
nearly 20 per cent in two years. 

The new machine, however, 
is also meant to attract small 
business users. Later this year 
a portable machine the Pan- 
dora, is to be launched in 
Britain, aimed mainly at busi- 
nesses and drawing on flat- 
screen television 

Woman shot 
in hospital 
linen room 

A woman working in a 
laundry at Deni ford Hospital. 
Plymouth, was shot dead on 

A man entered the linen 
room of the hospital, and shot 
(he woman, who has not been 
named in the chest with a 12- 
bore shotgun, from dose 
range. She was taken into 
surgery, but died a few min- 
utes later. 

• Police have named Mr Lew- 
is Bush, aged 70. of Dorset 
Green. Morden, Swindon, as 
the victim of a shooting at 
Princess Margaret Hospital, 

Crash victim 
wins £97,153 

A man who suffered severe 
Z burns after his van collided 
with a car that skidded on 
black ice in January 1981 was 
awarded £97,153 damages m 
; the High Court yestereday. 

2 Michael Pritchett, aged 49, 

'• a removal man; of Southam, 

“ Warwickshire, was carrying a 
- can of petrol in the van and it 
exploded in the crash. Tne 
: ■ da nrages were awarded against 

- the other driver. Mrs Shirley 
” Oeaver, of Leamington Spa, 
* • Warwickshire, who denied u- 
'Z atuluy. 

Pub bombers 
want lie test 

Tbe six men sentenced to 
life imprisonment for the 
Birmingham public bouse 
bombings in which 21 people 
died nearly 12 years ago have 
volunteered to take truth 
drugs and lie detector tests to 
prove their innocence. 

Patrick Hill Robert Hunter, 
Richard McUkenny, William 
Power, John Walker and 
Hugh Callaghan were sen- 
tenced to 21 consecutive life 
sentences for the bombings at 
the Mulberry Bush and Tav- 
ern in the Town. 

BR moves 
to compete 
* on food 

British Rail is planning a 
reorganization of its catering, 
but yesterday strongly rejected 
suggestions that it is a move 
towards privatization. 

BR is to separate the train 
buffet and restaurant service 
from its £60 million Travellers 
Fare catering business. 

Private food companies al- 
ready operate on some main 
line stations, and one of BR's 
aims is to enable Travellers 
Fare to compete more effec- 

“The existing Travellers 
Fare will remain very much a 
part of BR and there is no 
intention of sdling it, or 
privatizing h”, a spokesman 

Catering on trains wiD come 
under BR’s Inter-City section. 
Travellers Fare will continue 
to operate under the board led 
by Mr Bill Curry, managing 

Record rise in 
drug cases 

Serious drug offences rose 
by a record 248 per cent in 
Norfolk last year. The police 
said yesterday that there were 
1 1 5 cases involving suppliers 
and producers, compared 
with 33 in 1984. 

110 jumbos examined 
for frame cracks 

i See all the America you've dreamed about withTWA's new 'US Rover' ticket!! 

At least 110 Boeing 747 
jumbo jets have been exam- 
ined worldwide for frame 
cracks after checks were or- 
dered by the US Federal 
Aviation Administration. 

A spokesman for the Civil 
Aviation Authority said yes- 
terday that a _ total of 160 

aircraft will be insp ected. 

“The CAA and British Air- 
ways have also agreed to carry 
out more detailed checks on 
1 6 of BA’s fleet of 30 jumbos, 
which have completed more 
than 10,000 landings. 

British Airways saw the 
inspections of the front inteij 

nal frames were expected to be 

completed by tbe end of 

It takes four days to strip 
down the cabin interior of 
each of the aircraft, allowing 
the fuselage ribs to be exam- 
ined. but the airline does not 
expect its services to be dis- 

On Wednesday, BA dis- 
closed that cracks had been 
found in two more of its 
jumbos during routine main- 
tenance, in addition to cracks 
previously discovered in the 
fiom frame ofan other747. 

TbeCAA is awaiting forthef 
requirements from the Ameri- 
can Federal Administration. 

All you have to do is buy the new TWA the heart of Texas. All America. TWA flies to 
US Rover* ticket when you book yourTWA over 60 cities, so you've gpt plenty of choice, 
return transatlantic flight You book a mini- 
mum of four flights, and as many as you like 
up to eight Any TWA flight Any distance; 

All at £22 a flight 

It means that now when you make 
that iong-dreamed-about visit to America, 
you see lots of it 

Think of the places! Hollywood . . . 
the Rocky Mountains . the Grand Canyon 
. . . Florida Everglades .*. . the Wild West . . . 
the Old South . . . quaint New England . . . 

offer With two transatlantic adult fares you 
can rent a Hertz car free, for one continuous 
week. You only pay taxes, insurance and 
petrol. It's operated in association with 
Traveller^ Jetways. 

Let yourTWA Main Agent help 

To help you get the best from your 
visit get advice from an expert - getting 
from one place to another for instance, may 
take more than one flight YourTWA Main 
Agent will help you plan and get the best 

Free Hertz car for a weekt 
You can get a lot more from your visit from your trip. Cal! in and 
if you take advantage ofTWAs FREE car see him. 

■ W r y,| •PieRowrTid^rtvalid>oMravdunMMairtiJ'IV1986 

Advance purchase nrrt;uj»«i See your Iravetjgeni for detefc 
> rOfir'dviiUMeaiaa Hertz corporate toeatjorein the USA. 

Leading the way to the USA 


■.< I 

4 • 

4 c'.i 



l-ii c 


• es. 








Att -■ M. 























































































Opinion polls 

Budget prospects 



A cautious and prudent 
budget was forecast by Mrs 
Thatcher the Prime Minister 
during questions in the Com- 
mons. In addition. Mr Nigel 
Lawson. Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, conceded when he 
was questioned that it was 
quite clear the scope for fiscal 
manoeuverine was limited by 
the shortfall in North Sea oil 

He indicated, however, that 
it would be highly desirable 
and beneficial for the economy 
and employment if the burden 

of taxation generally and in- 
come tax in particular could be 

Mrs Thatcher’s comment 
came when Mr Michael Brown 
(Brigg and Oeethorpes, C) who 
said that if the Chancellor bad 
any roam tor manoeuvre in the 
Budget then for people on 
average earnings, particularly 
families and heads of house- 
holds. it would be better lo 
reduce the rates of lax rather 
than increase tax thresholds. 

Earlier some Conservative 
MPs had pressed the Chan- 
cellor to go instead for in- 
creased tax thresholds. 

Mrs Thatcher replied: I am 
sure we would like to be able to 
have the choice. In view of the 
falls in oil prices that have 
already taken place, we must 
above all have a prudent and 
cautious Budget 1 am sure the 
Chancellor will take into ac- 
count the choice Mr Brawn has 
recommended when he comes 
to have his Budget 
Mr Lawson also said during 
the exchanges that the substan- 
tial loss of North Sea oil 
revenue as a result of the sharp 
fall in oil prices was not an 
excuse for not raising tax 
thresholds but a fact 
Mr Alan Beith (Berwick- 
upon-Tweed. L): Has he recov- 
ered sufficiently from the threat 
to his tax cutting plans to 
recognize that there is an 

opportunity for manufacturing 
industry to export, so long as it 
is not penalized by high 
interest rates? 

Mr Lawson: There are 
swings and roundabouts when 
oil prices fall. One of the things 
that suffers is the scope for 
reduction in taxation; one of 
the beneficiaries is industry, 
and in particular manufac- 
turing industry, whose fuel 
costs are diminished. 

Mr Ralph Howell (North 
Norfolk, C): Many Conser- 
vative MPs are becoming • 
increasingly impatient for large quite the contrary, 
tax cuts. We hope that the fall , Labour front bench which is in 

Mr Dale Cam p beB-Sa vottrs 
(Workington. Lab): Does not 
the fall in oil prices only serve 
to confirm Labour policies 
over these last five years that 
far too much reliance has been 
placed on the development of 
oil in the North Sea and far too 
little on the development of 
manufacturing industry within 
the United Kingdom? 

Why cannot the Chancellor 
learn that lesson and even at 
this late stage begin to reinvest 
in British industry? 

Mr Lawson: The position is 
quite the contrary. It is the 

in oil prices will not be used as 
an excuse for not raising tax 
thresholds very considerably. 
The only way we will be able to 
find the elbow room for 
substantial tax cuts is by- 
reducing overmanning in the 
public sector, particularly in 
local government and the 
health service. 

Mr Lawson paid tribute to 
the consistent campaign be had 
waged over many years for the 
reduction of overmanning and 
waste in the public sector. We 





Brown: Better to 
reduce tax rates 
always be vigilant 

have achieved a great 
but there is scope for 
achieving more, particularly in 
local government and the 
health service. 

favour of joining forces with 
Opcc cartel to keep up the 
price of oil artificially. That 
would be contrary- to the 
interests of manufacturing in- 

Mr fan Lloyd (Havant, O 
referred to the Government's 
effective, well judged and 
above all sustained desire not 
to join Opec in any sense 

Nothing more damages the 
capacity of a free market to 
adjust to changing conditions 
or supply and demand, (be 
said) than any attempt to 
maintain either fixed supply 
levels or fixed prices. 

Mr Lawson: He is right. It is 
not only the policy of the 
Labour Opposition that we 
should join forces with Opec 
but the official policy of the 
SDP and the Liberal party. We 
have no intention whatever of 

Sir Peter TapseO (Lindsey 
East. O: It is somewhat 
irrelevant how many British 
political parties want to join 
Opec since one of the qualifica- 
tions is that SO per cent of 
gross national income should 
be from oil and we have not 
yet reached that point. 

Mr Lawson: The Opposition 
wish to agree with Opec in 
cutting back oil production 
which is effectively to join the 
cartel, although technically we 
would not be eligible for 

debate on 


Thatcher interested only in 
result of one opinion poll 


Mrs Margaret Thatcher the 
Prime Minister, described what 
she called “the outlook of a 
caring Government" ' during 
question time in the Com- 
mons. listing the improve- 
ments made under her 

Her defence began after Mr 
Roy Hattersley. chief 
Oppostion spokesman on Trea- 
sury and economic affairs, 
asked her to explain the Gallop 
survey that showed that only 6 
per cent of the population 
thought of her as a caring 
Prime Minister. 

Mrs Thatcher: I do not look 
at opinion polls (prolonged 
Labour cheers). I do not 
explain them. The only polls I 
am interested in are those on 
election day and we have not 
done too badly over those. 
{Conservative cheers). 

Mr Hattersley; is she too 
reticent to offer an explana- 
tion? May l suggest as the 
reason the country believes she 
does not care is because she has 
presided over a Government 
which has seen unemployment 
treble, poverty double, in- 
creased homelessness, cuts in 
overseas aid and £2.50 stolen 
each week from the pensioners. 

Mrs Thatcher f have pre- 
sided over a Government in 
which the health service is far 
better, there has been an 
increase to pensioners, output 
is at an aU-iime record leveL 
manufacturing industry is 
growing and the growth has 
been going on for six successive 
years. That is the outlook of a 
caring Government. 

Mr Hattersley: Referring to 
the Government's uncaring 

policies and stvieJs she pre- 
pared to answer any one of the 
facts I offered her? 

Mrs Thatcher: I will deal 
with the facts he offered, or at 
least with his interpretation of 
them. He has no idea of how to 
go about wealth creation or 
creating more jobs. We have 
the highest ana best record in 
job creation in the whole of 
Europe over the last two years. 

Gould: Did she see 
Walker's speech? 

Mr Bryan Gould (Dagenham 
Lab), among the interesting 
speeches made by her col- 
leagues and would be succes- 
sors in Blackpool last weekend 
did she notice the passage in 
the speech by Mr Peter Walker. 
Secretary of State for Energy, in 
which he asserted that un- 
employment can be brought 
down provided appropriate 
policies are pursued? 

Is there such an alternative 
after all and why does the 
Prime Minister not lake it? 

Mrs Thatcher Unemploy- 
ment can be brought down by 
the creation of more jobs there 
have been 700,000 more jobs 
created in the last two years: 

That is the way to tackle the 
problem. The proportion of the 
population of working age in 
work in the country greatly 
exceeds that in France. Ger- 
many and other countries. 

Mr Kenneth Carlisle (Lin- 
coln. CL The recent fall in oil 
prices is an opportunity for this 
country rather than a mis- 
fortune. Will it not lead to 
greater economic activity and 
growing markets and a chal- 
lenge our manufacturing in- 
dustry must welcome. 

Mis Thatcher; Yes, it is an 
opportunity but it has other 
adverse effects on this country 
which it does not have on 
competitors such as the United 
States, Japan and Germany. 

They will gain more from a 
fiill in oil prices than we shall 
but undoubtedly it will be 
helpful to our manufacturing 
industries it will reduce their 

Unit labour costs must be 
kept down otherwise the Ger- 
mans and Japanese will get a 
bigger proportion of overseas 
trade than we shall 

Dr Oonagfa McDonald 
(Thurrock. Lab): Does the 
Prime Minister agree with Mr 
Francis Pym, one of her former 
Cabinet colleagues that in 
terms of curing unemployment 
her policy is not working? 

Mrs Thatcher Had there 
been the policies put forward 
by the opposition and carried 
into effect, unemployment 
would be infinitely worse than 
it is 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.30): Surcharge and 
Disqualification of Councillors 
(Abolition) BilLsecond reading 
and other private Members' 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher the 
Prime Minister, congratulated 
The Times during Commons 
questioning for what she called 
an extremely sensible leading 
article that day on her achieve- 
ments in office. 

She had been asked by Mr 
John Stokes (Halesowen and 
Stourbridge, CL has she had 
time to read today's excellent 
leader in The Times setting out 
her achievements and pointing 
out that still more needs to be 
done under her leadership? 

Does this not show that in 
spile of what other newspapers 
and other commentators have 
said during the last two weeks. 
The Times still has a dear 
sense of political priorities? 

Later during questions on 
future business, Mr Martin 
O'Neill (Clackmannan. Lab) 
sought a debate on the implica- 
tions of the legal actions as a 
result of the dispute aL 

Could the Government make 
dear (he asked) if it was their 
intention under the 1980 Act 
that people on strike can be 
summarily dismissed with 
complete loss of privileges? 

Mr John Biffen, Leader of 
the Commons, said he would 
prefer to check whether the 
matter was sub judioe before 
making a more considered 
answer, but noted the request 
Mr Dennis Skinner 
(Bolsover. Lab) said it seems 
strange that Ministers like Mr 
Kenneth Clarke, the Paymaster 
General, could appear regularly 
on television and radio and 
discuss Mr Murdoch's sackings 
and Fortress Wapping. yet 
Parliament could not debate 
the whole affair because of the 
sub judice rule. 

It is high time (he said) that 
this vindictive act of Murdoch, 
an American citizen who could 
not get away with what he has 
done in this country if it was in 
America, should be debated 
here so that the matter can be 
thrashed ouL 

Vindictive acts were being 
waged by employers just be- 
cause workers were standing 
together and joining in collec- 
tive action. This is OK for the 
bosses (he added) but not for 
the workers under this Govern- 

Mr Biffen replied that he had 
answered Mr O'Neill as he had 
because Mr O' Neill's question 
invited comment, and the 
answer might infringe the sub 
judioe rale. He wanted to lake 
advice. He would refer the 
request for a wider debate on 
Mr Murdoch's newspapers to 
Mr Paul Channon, Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry. 

Lawson resists 
call for economic 
s ummi t meeting 


urged to cut 
interest rates 

Mr Nigel Lawson, Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer was 
urged during Commons ques- 
tions to seek an urgent meeting 
of the Group of Five, the 
grouping of major economic 
nations, and lo uige a reduc- 
tion of interest rales to boost 
British industry. 

The plea came from Mr 
Douglas Hoyle (Warrington 
North, Lab). He also called for 
discussions on international 
debts which he said were 
having a disastrous effect on 
the world's economy, particu- 
larly that of developing na- 

Mr Lawson said inter- 
national debt would be dis- 
cussed further at the spring 
meeting of the interim commit- 
tee of the International Mone- 
tary Fund in ApriL 
The general view on interest 
rates (he said), is that as 
inflation comes down world- 
wide, that will assist the 
progress in getting interest rates 

Pressure on interest rates 
would be very much less if 
w age increases were lower, Mr 

Nigd Lawson, Chancellor of 
the Exchequer said during 
Commons questions. 

Mr Ian Wrleglesworth 
(Stockton South. SDP) urged 
the Chancellor to respond 
positively to President 
Reagan's initia tive in calling 
for international monetary re- 
form. Would Mr Lawson 
cooperate with the United 
States Administration in seek- 
ing to bring interest rates down 
and to get more stable ex- 
change rates? 

Mr Lawson replied: 1 did 
notice the passage in President 
agan '5 State of the Union 
address in which he asked the 
US Treasury Secretary to see 
whether it would be a good 
idea to hold an International 
monetary conference. 

I think there are great 
dangers in holding an inter- 
national monetary conference 
when you do not know what 
proposals you are going to put 
to that conference. But if there 
are ways of building on the 
plaza agreement in which we 
can inject a high degree of 
stability into the exchange 
market then 1 would welcome 

Mr Thomas Sackrilk (Bol- 
ton West, C): There is a 
widespread desire for lower 
interest rates and a lack of 
public understanding as to why 
interest rates remain so high. 

Mr Lawson: Everybody 
would like to see lower interest 
rates, except those who are 
savers and depositors in build- 
ing societies and banks. It is a 
great deal better to get that real 
return than to be cheated of 
their savings as they were 
under the Labour Government 
when there was a negative rate 
of return. 

Mr James Lamond (Oldham 
Central and Royton, LabL Are 
there any lines of communica- 
tion between the Treasury, the 
Department of Employment 

increase last man 
in areas 

and the Department of Trade 
and Industry? We arc feeing 
increasing, unemployment all 
the time, including a very large 
th, especially 
like the north west 
whixfa are dependent on manu- 
facturing industry. He lives in a 

complacent world. 

Mr Lawson: The Govern- 
ment is one harmonious whole. 
(Labour laughter and interrup- 
tions.) Unemployment is not a 
matter for complacency but 
concern and that is why the 
Government has taken a very 
Urge number of measures in 
order to address this problem 

In my Budget last year I 
restructured national insurance 
contributions for employees 
and employers for the lowest 
paid. That only came in four 
months ago and it has not had 
time to have its frill effect. I 
also announced the two year 
Youth Training Scheme and 
that will not come into force 
until April when I believe it 
will have a very beneficial 

Mr Timothy Yeo (Suffolk 
South. CL An absolute pre- 
condition for lower interest 
rates is a sustained low rate of 
inflation and if the rate of 
inflation fells to 3 per cent in 
the course of this year there 
will be a very good prospect of 
reducing interest rates in con- 
trast to the effect the policies of 
Labour and the Alliance would 

Mr Lawson: He is right. The 
policies the Opposition propose 
would mean an extra £24 
billion on public expenditure, 
which wodld cause a substan- 
tia) increase in taxation and a 
VAT rate of 41 per cent and 
would be highly inflationary 
and would certainly mean 
higher interest rates. 

There is a concern in the 
markets that our unit labour 
costs are rising fester than in 
other countries and we may be 
performing less competitively 
and that puts pressure on the 
pound and requires interest 
rales to be higher than they 
otherwise would be. 

for textile 
to stay 




Whitelaw check 
on airport figures 


Viscount Whitelaw, Lord Presi- 
dent of the Council and Leader 
of the House of Lords, has 
agreed to look into an accusa- 
tion that the Government has 
given inaccurate information to 
the House of Lords in response 
to oral and written questions 
on Stan sled Airport 
The issue was raised by Lady 
Burton of Coventry (SDP) 
during question time in the 
House of Lords when she asked 
the Earl of Caithness. Under 
Secretary of State for Trans- 
port. about the airport. 

Indy Burton of Coventry; 
The' minister inadvertently 
misled the House on January 
16 when he said the passenger 
throughput at Stansted was one 
million whereas the number is 
half that, 513,000 to be exact. 

I am extremely worried 
about answers given concern- 
ing Stansted although we have 
a certain grain of information, 
can the minister fell the House 
why the Government is so 
reluctant to give the House 
information concerning this 

Does it mean the Govern- 
ment is aware of its position in 
that the inevitable susidisation 
of Stansted in the years to 
come must inevitably be to the 
disadvantage of the develop- 
ment of regional airports? 

The Earl of Caithness: I may 
have inadvertently misled the 
House. The capacity of 
Stansted is 1 million but the 
throughput is half a minion. 

k nn rpliirtanrp on iKw 

part of the Government to give 
information on Stansted. A 
project of this size is bound to 
lose money initially before it 
gets into gear and this win not 
effect regional airports. 

Lady Barton of Coventry: 
The word capacity was in- 
troduced as a face saver. It had 
never been mentioned in the 
question. Furthermore, the fig- 
ure he has given is not correct 
The capacity was two million 
not one million in February 
last year without any develop- 
ment at alL I have got very 
tired of this inaccurate 
information, it is not good 
enough and the people con- 
cerned should look at it ’before 
giving answers even to written 

The Etui of Caithness: She 
disputes the figures that my 
Department has given me, I 
can only stand by what my 
Department gives me if it says 
the present capacity at Stansted 
is I million. 

Burton of Coventry: I 
to the Leader of the 
House on this matter. I have 
here a perfectly good case ana I 
want the Leader u> look at ft. 
He will see 1 have accused the 
Government and the unfortu- 
nate Minister of giving inaccu- 
rate information not only at 
Question Time but in written 
answers also. I have substan- 
tiated that and I think I am 

It is a disgrace and (he 
Leader should look at it to bdp 
poor suffering backbenchers. 

Visconnt Whitelaw: Of 
course I will look into that with 
the Earl of Caithness. I know 
he has given the information in 
snnri faiih and I nanri hv rhm 

Mr Alan Clark. Minister for 
Trade, made h dear in opening 
a Commons debate on the 
Multi-Fibre Arrangement, that 
he had no Intention of 
rid of it until he was 
that the need for the safeguards 
it provided had ceased to exist. 

He said most co m pe ti tions 
came from within the Euro- 
pean Community and Commu- 
nity supplies now entered free 
of all restraint So, after Ibe end 

of 1989, would supplies from 
Spain and Portugal, and thns 
some of the most formidable 
low cost competitors would 
have free access to the British 

ft was the Community and 
not individual member states 
which negotiated on the 
Community's external trade 
policy. It was through the 
Community that the United 
Kingdom would be negotiating 
in the GATT to renew the 

Mr Nicholas W interton 
(Macclesfield, C) asked if he 
would try to ensure that before 
he negotiated finally a mandate 
with the Community this 
maner would come to the 
House again so that the House 
and not just the Minister could 
seek to represent the interests 
of the British people. 

Mr Clarke said the debate 
was a step in that direction. At 
a later stage, when the mandate 
was in a more tangible form, it 
ghl be appro priat 
mse to take another look at 

In the long ran. the future of 
the MFA and the integration of 
the newly industrialised coun- 
tries into the GATT system 
were very simila r issues. The 
Community must be willing to 
negotiate these two issues 
together in the new GATT 
round and must make this 
dear to the developing world 
when it sought an extension of 
GATT later this year. 

The Government's first 
objective was to seek renewal 
of the arrangement for a 
further transitional period be- 
cause it was inappropriate to 
dispense with its safeguards 
with a sudden jolt. Those- 
safeguards must be niaintamgft. 

SrtSTtBSTS I confident vigour 

industry that needed It most 
The second objective was to 
consider liberalisation in some 
areas such as chil dren's dothes. 

Let me set this (he said) in 
the context of free trade versus 
protectionism. I do not see 
these as mutually exclusive 
alternatives which predude any 
other approach. 1 recognise that 
the attainment of a genuinely 
free trade society is an ad- 
mirable long term objective. 

But Governments have to 
live in the real world where 
free trade, like unilateral 
disarmament is fine if every- 
body else is doing ft. But if you 
try to achieve it by example 
alone it may be dangerous or 
even damaging. 

On the other band (be went 
on) the hard-headed bargain of 
reciprocal advantage and con- 
cession in an atmosphere of 
mutual respect is utterly dif- 
ferent from protectionism. 

Any Government which ig- 
nores this principle in obei- 
sance to sonte abstract credo - 
and is it ignored by our 
principal trade competitors? 
The Japanese and French are 
arch practitioners of this doc- 
trine - any Government which 
ignores this is in derogation of 
its duty to its own people. 

Mr Bryan Gould, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman on Trade and 
Industry, said the outcome of 
these negotiations mattered 
crucially to nearly half a 
million employees in the UK. 
No responsible Government 
should gamble with their jobs. 

Labour MPs‘ were deter- 
mined that what had happened 
to Britain's car, helicopter and 
other industries would not 
finally happen to the textile 
industry. Here the threat -was 
not of someone from abroad 
buying up the best and juciest 
bits; the threat was of an 
industry fading away and being 
ground down by the rising tide 
of imports. 

I There was a suspicion that the 
European Commission, per- 
haps for reasons of admin- 
istrative convenience, was 
pressing ahead with the nego- 
tiations much sooner than was 
truely in Britain’s interests. 

Rumours persisted that Brit- 
ish officials in Brussels were in 
the van of those wanting to 
liberalize the MFA. MPs 
needed assurances that these 
officials were not under min- 
isterial instructions and would 
be brought to bed. 

Had the Government done 
any job assessment, because 
the country could not afford 
any further job losses in the 
hard-pressed textiles industry. 

Labour did not expect ex- 
cuses about the difficulty of 
n^otiating in Brussels. Mr 
Gark bad every opportunity to 
fight far the national interests 
and for the textiles industry. 

Having heard him deliver- 
ing a set speech, answering 
questions and talcing part in 
two extended private discus- 
sions, I would judge him to be 
a vigorous and confident cam- 
paigner. The keynote of his 
approach is optimism. He is m 
the tradition of the American 
can-do potitidan. 

That is particularly evident 
in his approach to economic 
policy. Essentially be is a 
right-wing expansionist This 
pots him in a rather different 
category from both Mr Rea- 
gan and Mrs Thatcher. Like 
them, he accords a high 
priority to catting personal 
taxes. Bnt he is not so con- 
cerned as they are about 
budget deficits. 

President Reagan has re- 
peatedly perplexed friends and ; 
critics alike by his refusal to 
choose between incompatible ! 
policies. He has gone Cor lower 
taxes, higher defence spending ! 
and moves towards a balanced 
budget. He is therefore in 

Hflvgw of finding f f ift the 

Gramm-Radman-Hollings • 
legislation, which he backed, * 
will force sharp cats in defence ' 
expenditure against his deep- 
est wishes. I 

Mr Kemp is guilty of no ' 
such inconsistency. He is not 
too alarmed by the deficit as a 

This country was not in a 
weak position over the negotia- 
tions. It could determine the 
outcome by swinging its weight 
side or the other. 

isb and Portuguese, 

tic product in the United 
States, and so voted against 

If he were President, my - 
ess is that the rest of the 
world would have to resign 
itself to continued high defi- 
cits, but could expect a deter- 
mined and consistent drive 
towards higher economic .. 
within the United - 
and internationally. 

He would also bring pies- - 
sure to bear on the central 
banks to achieve more stable 
exchange rates, which he re- 


i i - 

X i 

? % 


l 3 


has been m London this week 
at the end of a 10-day torn of 
West Europe. As he is the 
second ■favowite to win the 
Republican nomination for the 
US presidency hi 1988, and 
oust therefore be regarded as 
one of the most serious candi- 
dates to succeed Mr Reagan in 
the White House, this has 
been a visit of particular 

The Republican front-run- 
ner at this stage mist be Vice- 
President George Bash. 
Having served impeccably as 
Mr Reagan's deputy, ho has a 
natural Haim apon Republican 
loyalties- He is better financed 
than any other potential candi- 
date in either party; he is 
an impressive 
organization; he has the most . 
support among the Republican ' 
establishment; and be has the I 
Imartc of creating an atmo- 
sphere in which people of 
talent are happy to work 
around tihw- 

This is important because 
every US administration is ' 
Eke a family business. It 
depends for its existence upon 
the person at the top. He 
cannot be supplanted by any 
appointee. Yet he cannot do ft 
afi himself. Tim success of the 
enterprise is critically affected 
by tite quality of the team he 

Mr Bosh's nomination can- 
not be taken for granted, 
however, because he is an 
uncertain campaigner. He . 
seems to have a periodic - 
compulsion to present himself ' 
as less moderate and more 
ag gress i ve than in feet he is, so 
that he sometimes seems en- 
sure of himself. Thai is not a ■ 
failing from which Mr Kemp is . 
likely to suffer. 

Campaigner of 


•t ' 

X 0 r ! : 


confidence required for 
tained international expan- 

Appeal to allies 
in Europe 

When you look around your home ifs 
surprising how far you’ve come in a short time. 
Everything is getting more sophisticated, more 
compact, more desirable, more easily dam a gpr [ 
and more stealable. 

Now mare than ever you needus right by you. 


Small wonder that we as B ritain^ leading 
home insurer are paying out three times as 
much in c la ims as in 1980. VfeVe been putting 
things right since 1710, and we’re right by you 
today. Depend on it. 



its in the matter, 
ly just become EEC 
members. Also, whatever po- 
sition the United States finally 
took would be a big factor in 
negotiations. But ft was already 
known the Americans were 
Iiltely to be pretty restrictive. 

It was a grave risk for the 
Unued Kingdom to take a firm 
negotiating position, markedly 
more liberal than that of the 
Americans, before knowing 
thar stance. There should be 
coordination. It was always, bad 
negotiating tactics to reveal 
one’s position sooner than 

One of the doubts that the 
outside world may reasonably 
have abont a member of the 
House of Representatives be- - 
coming President is whether - 
he would be sufficiently versed •* 
in the broad range of I nte rna- *. 
tional affairs. 

Bat Mr Knap would at least - 
bring to the office a number of 
attitudes that would be wel- 
come to his Europ ean allies. 
He does not accept the fash- 
hnabk thinking bi the United ' 
Slates these days that Europe ’ 
is becoming progressively less $ 
important than the Pacific j 
His opposition to trade *■ 
protection teas the ring of • 
consistent conviction and he is 
prepared in principle to extend 
this thinking info the field of ‘ 
defence procurement. 

lls conventional impres- 
sfou of Mr Kemp is at an - 
extreme right-winger whom 
many moderate people would 
W«*nias a risk in the White 
House. My own view after his 
brief risk is of a forceful 
PfwwSSly, who thinks, for 
bimself and who fits no stereo- 



«!s f . 




i ; , *;> . 

' ' . ’1 ^ _ ’ 

► i , ki 
r U I.-* 



I.‘v V 

& ,->r 





l iy> I 


Savage inquiry starts 
again after deal on 
patient confidentiality 

Rv '"ft- f 

1 Hfc 1 LMfcS hKiUAV FfcBKUARY 14 mb 


ampton University, said that a 
trial of labour was not justified 
because of the size of the 
pel vis, and that if a caesarian 
delivery had been performed 
earlier “the outcome would 
probably have been 

There had been “serious 
deviations from the body of 

__ . By Nicholas Timmins 

against Mrs or may not happen". 



of patients’ notes. 5™? dociors not involved in 

dfiwws aSS E 5 S«« 

^S 3 SS 3 s 5 SsS* 

“■ of . pat ' enls “d ^ Beaumont sai± “We are 
uieir records in the media. as anxious as the GMC to 

Any doctor disclosing confi- ma i n iain confidentiality for 
dennal information could face ““patients." 

Yesterday the inquiry heard 
that the handling of one my 
in which Mrs Savage is ac- 
cused was such that com- 
pounded errors "made an 
unfortunate outcome highly 

The baby's head became 

7 V ■■Htuwii uiuiu IOCC 

questioning by the GMC un- 
der its disciplinary powers. Sir 
John said. 

But yesterday Mr Christo- 
pher Beaumont the inquiry 
chairman, said after a meeting 
with the council that “we and 
the GMC are in agreement 
over the future conduct of the 

impacted on the pelvis during 
a bottom-first delivery and 
suffered a fracture. The child 

^«--jWSSS 5 rS- 

patients' initials ratheT than 
names should be used, and 
with patients willing to give 
evidence in public doing so. 

But he said “there might be 
certain parts of the evidence 
from doctors which might 

The woman had undergone 
a previous caesarian delivery 
because her pelvis had been 
judged too small for a natur al 

Professor John Dennis, Pro- 
fessor of Obstetrics at South- 

in the other four cases in 
which Mrs Savage is accused 
"alternative explanations" of 
her actions were possible. “In 
this particular case I cannot 
see another explanation". 

But he said that Mrs Savage 
had an “impossibly over- 
extended workload” as she 
was frequently busy at one 
branch of the London Hospi- 
tal when she was needed on 
another site. 

In a case where a baby's 
head got stuck during delivery 
she bad not been available and 
the relatively junior registrar 
looking after the delivery had 
to call for a colleague to help 
to deliver the baby by caesar- 
ian section. 

The five cases in which Mrs 
Sava®? is accused all occurred 
over a year as a result of her 
workload. Professor Dennis 

worry on 

By Lucy Hodges 
Education Correspondent 

The Government should 
reconsider whether the new 
GCSE examination to replace 
O levels and CSE should begin 
as planned this September. Mr 
Giles Radice. Labour's educa- 
tion spokesman, said yester- 

Many pupils, parents and 
employers were worried about 
the state of readiness for tbe 
new examination courses 
which begin in the autumn, be 
said in a letter to Sir Keith 
Joseph, Secretary of Stale for 
Education and Science. 

Mr Radice's move comes 
after mounting concern about 
whether teachers and pupils 
will be adequately prepared 
for the GCSE given the speed 
with which it is being intro- 
duced and the continuing 
boycott by the two biggest 
leaching unions of training for 
the new examination. 

A number of local educa- 
tion authorities are calling for 
the examination to be post- 

“It is vital for tbe success of 
the new examination that it 
enjoys a high level of public 
reliability". Mr Radice told 
Sir Keith. 

Sir Keith reiterated last 
week that the Government 
was determined to go ahead. 

prize for 

By Philip Howard 
Literary Editor 

The 1985 W.H. Smith 
literary award of £4,000 has 
been won by Doris T /wring 
for her novel The Good 

It is the story of a middle- 
aged, middle-class woman 
who acts as a kind of house 
mother for singularly inept 
young revolutionaries and 
squatters in the seedy parts of 

For some of ns it is a 
welcome re-entry from outer 
space (where her recent 
novels have been set) to the 
new world all around us 

The Good Terrorist was on 
the short list for last year's 
Booker Prize, and a favourite 
for the Whitbread Prize., -An 
advantage of the WJL Smith 
award, which is given to a 
distinguished literary book of 
any kind, is that by coming 
last of the three big prizes it 
can reward a book that 
proxime accessit, but just 
failed to win the other two. 

Doris Less 
is set in a 

whose novel 

on benefit 

By Nicholas Timmins 

Social security ministers are 
considering strengthening 
claimants' rights of appeal 
under the new Social Fund, to 
be introduced in 1988 when 
existing single payments will 
be abolished for the 4.7 mil- 
lion people who c laim supple- 
mentary benefit 
More than 3 million single 
payments— for items such as 
furniture and cookers— are 
made every year, but under 
the Social Fund these will 
become loans instead of grants 
and claimants will lose their 
right of appeal to an indepen- 
dent tribunal if a loan is 

The Joss of that right has 
been severely criticized by 
welfare commentators, -the 
poverty lobby and the Council 
on Tribunals. 

Under government propos- 
als the only form of appeal will 
be a further review of the case 
by the official who made the 
original decision, followed by 
a review by a more senior 
DHSS official, probably in the 
same office. 

Ministers are considering 
strengthening the system, for 
example by setting up the 
internal appeals at regional 
level, further away from the 
local office where the decision 
is made. They have not ruled 
out an independent dement in 
the appeal 

The feet that people will be 
appealing over a loan rather 
than a grant may persuade 
ministers that appeals will be 
fewer claimants are likely to 
appeal over a loan only if they 
really need tbe moDey.In the 
last year for which figures are 
available there were more 
than 35.000 appeals. 

killed man 
who said 
‘push off 

A teenaged killer shouted 
‘scum" at tbe Central Crimi- 
nal Court yesterday as he was 
sentenced to yonth custody for 

Lee Davies, aged 17, was 
convicted of stabbing to death 
Mr George Cares, aged Si, 
outside his home in Anerley 
Vale, Upper .Norwood, south 
London, last May. 

Davies, a shop* assistant, of 
Hawthorne Grove, Pecge, 
south London, was found 
guilty after a retirement of 
more than nine hoars by the 

iNIr Kenneth Richardson. 
QC for the prosecution, said 
that Mr Cams, a french 
polisher, was knifed five times 

in the head and chest when he 
told Davies and a group of 
other rowdy youths to "posh 

Davies had been closing a 
disturbance at a party orga- 
nized by the dead man's son. 

After the killing Davies, 
who was then 16, showed the 
bloodstained knife to some 
girls and boasted: “111 bet yon 
a fiver 1 got him in the head 
and a couple of times in the 

A further charge, alleging 
that Davies stabbed a school- 
boy. aged 5, three times in the 
back during an arenmenttwn 

MP calls 
for report 

A Conservative MP yester- 
day called on the Home 
Secretary io prepare a full 
report on allegations of the 
existence of child brothels in 
Islington, north London. 

Mr Geoffrey Dickens. MP 
for Littleborough and 
Saddlewonh. said he had giv- 
en Scotland Yard informa- 

It was now investigating 
claims that such brothels v-cre 
being run on an estate in the 
Archway district, he said. 

Mr Dickens said: "My in- 
formant whose name 1 shall, 
of course, keep secret, has told 
me that some 40 children are 

“He has passed on to Scot- 
land Yard tapes purporting to 
depict the voices of children 
clearly taking part in 
unsavoury activities. 

"Scotland Yard has told me 
it is treating these allegations 
seriously. I hope that urgent 
action will be taken to stamp 
out this evil trade." 

For the past five years. Mr 
Dickens has been leading z 
campaign to SLamp out sexual 
abuse of children. 

Store jobs 

Bleak outlook forecast 
for long-term jobless 

A bleak future for tbe long- 
term unemployed is forecast 
by the Manpower Services 
Commission today. 

In its draft corporate plan 
up to 1990, the commission 
4 says that early in the period 
there will be a levelling off in 
the number of those unem- 
ployed for more than a year, 
but the number unemployed 
for more than three years will 
continue to grow. 

“In the short term the 
economic outlook remains 
one of continued, if possibly 

more modest, output and 
employment growth", the 
commission says. 

The unemployment rate 
among those aged 18 to 24 is 
likely to remain high, although 
MSC programmes will make a 
contribution to alleviating the 
effect of high unemployment 
on worst-affected groups. 

The plan has been submit- 
ted to Lord Young, Secretary 
of Stale for Employment, for 
approval, and to tbe Com- 
mons Select Committee on 

Council starts 
funeral service 

By a Staff Reporter 

A municipal funeral service, 
claimed to be the first of its 
kind in Britain, is to be started 
next week by Lambeth Council 
in London, with a fixed price, 
about half that charged by 
private companies. 

The coancfi has signed a 
contract with an undertaker to 
provide “a full and dignified 
funeral service to Lambeth 

a The cost of £295-50 will 
include collection of the body 
from anywhere within 10 miles 
of Lambeth, embalming and 
robing* use of a chapel of rest, 
a “suitable" coffin and a 
“dignified" funeral service 
with hearse and one car for 
mourners. There will be no 
subsidy from the rates. 

“Even quite basic fimerals 
can cost over £700 these days 
and is is a terrible worry far old 
people and poor families", the 
council's pnblic services com- 
mittee said 

here’s a tipi 

The electric typewriter’s davs are 

Because the Amstrad PC\V 8256 
puts real wordprocessing power within 
everyone’s reach. 

Its unbelievably low price includes a 
screen with built-in disc drive, keyboard, 
printer and wordprocessing software. 
Everything, in fact, to get you 

wide on-site service and 
maintenance contracts wiiich 
can easily be arranged. 

All of which puts the 
ordinary office typewriter 
firmly in its place. The place 
featured in the picture above. 

coach drivers 

By a Staff Reporter 

The High Court yesterday 
ordered magistrates at Chester 
to convict five coach drivers 
for breaching EEC regulations 
controlling manning levels 
and driving times. 

In a case brought by the 
Traffic Commissioners, mag- 
istrates had ruled there bad 
been no breach of the regula- 
tions which specify that long- 
distance coaches should be 
manned by two drivers to 
allow the legal rest periods to 

They agreed with drivers 

Judges order 

• f I ill iau, tu g 

conviction ot wordprocessing straight away. 

The high speed RAM disc allows 

you to store and retrieve information 


And the 8256 has a fully integrated printer 
with a choice of letter quality and high speed 
drafting capabilities. 

It also has an automatic paper load system as 
well as tractor feed for continuous stationery. 

What's more, the PCW 8256 is also a powerful 

They agreed with computer with an enormous 256k memory, and 
from crossviiie Motors, of huge number or software options. 

had been met on a mp to Hie boo conies with a comprehensive and 
driL- fbr^foJ simple user guide, but if you want to leam really 
Lord Justice Lloyd, sitting fast, there are a great many training courses 
S2K J, SS3?»!iJ£S available around the country. 

Court, said the regulations 
“demand" that two drivers 
must be on board so tong as 

the bus is in motion. 6 AWUl - J£U v ami0?s ‘ B00TS • Cu51!ys • • *>* taws • us** ■ mo* • mm • co»*i orna t ~ . lac ** , ■ ■? . . . , 

’ A ■ < r*Ct wermsioui ■ sowaid ■ kvua* ■ MNDHUfttr ■ iho-ms nu ■ pinout ccwu>l- swa 

And business users will appreciate the nation- I ^stradp.o. box -* 62 . Bremwood. Essex cmu ^ee. T el: ( 0277 . 1 230222 . | 




•-fti 1 '. 








r a^'r > . 




V- -'A - - * 

: -* :* ■■'*.'■ ~ 

: VV- {"-Jki V , .-''TT> J® 

<v~ t -ts%-&&. : 

*■>'■:. -L 









iv 2 ^ 



r *? 


'-— ^ 'V 



f; Mf“ 





^* fefl 


The Citroen Visa Diesel can now be 
bought over 12 months with 0% interest. 

You repay the cash price of the car, and 
not a centime more. 

Alternatively, your dealer has other re- 
payment schemes he can offer you, as wei! 
as deals on the petrol-driven Visas." 

To learn more about our models and 
where to iocate your nearest dealer dial 100 

and ask for Freefone Citroen Cars Ltd. 

You don't have to drive a hard bargain 
to drive away a Citroen Visa. 




I ■ "V ■ 

. &t 

I r ’*>H P7.1C£ >0S THE ROADl £5069 00 

i mummi pt posit ijo®*: non « 

i ^a'.-'AC :- r«033.i« 


[ T 7..V.L £4053 IH 

: :-• F 0J. •■»:. MONTH? V I.NVTA! ME NTS OF fttC.Sj 

; ror .: pay 5 sle . tnc . of posm £sm> op 

I r ,SH P7.1C.E 'ON TEiE ROADl 
> MS.NIMl \! PfcPOSIT UflSc: 
j f-V.ANr:- 

Jv, -^c, •'.•V,' TO ‘ .‘ '^ b 







Jji O’ 

The Gulf War flare-up 

Accusations of poison 
gas attacks in fierce 
battles south of Basra 

“yjtobeit Fist, Middle East Correspondent 

hf&hi 80111 “evnabiliiy, 
both Iraq and lean yesterday 
accused each other of using 

EH®.®? desperate 
JwttJes being fought out amid 
“*® , waterlogged plantations 
south of the Iraqi city qf Basra. 

An Iranian military spokes- 
man claimed during the mom- 
rag that Iraq had begun 
showering “mustard and 
nerve cases and cyanide 



jjerjvaies onto Iranian troops 
on the west bank of the Shan 
“"Arab nver three days ago. 

The Iraqis immediately 
countered this claim with an 
^ually ominous allegation 
irom their Information Minis- 
ter. Mr Latif Nsayef. that the 
Iranians had themselves been 
using chemical weapons and 
raai ‘Ihis criminal act will not 
go unpunished”. 

The gravity of Iran’s new 
offensive - and the degree to 
which it has aggravated the 
anxiety of the neighbouring 
Arab states — was illustrated 
yesterday when the Arab for- 
eign ministers who had hur- 
riedly met in Baghdad on 
Wednesday calledfbr an ar- 
gent meeting of the UN Secu- 
rity Council to discuss “Iran's 
new extensive military aggres- 

Iraq" 8a,nSl ^ * 0vere « ni y of 

.JJ* ministers, from Saudi 
Arabia. Kuwait Jordan, Mo- 
rtKco Tunisia. North Yemen 
and Iraq itself, said that the 
Iranian offensive now 
. constitutes a great threat to 
international peace and 
security* 1 . 

Their appeal, however, is 

mandos to fight their way into 
a two-mile deep Iranian 
beachhead on the west bank of 
ihe Shalt al-Arab south of 

unlikely lo produce any re* 
suits. The Iranians, have all 
along contended that they will 
only agree to a ceasefire when 
President Saddam Husain of 
Iraq has been overthrown. 
Besides, Tehran Government 
leaders were yesterday fer 
more concerned to publicize 
further claims of Iranian vic- 
tories. and Iraqi gas attacks 
upon their men, than to talk of 
an armistice. 

According to Tehran, at 
least 17 Iranian soldiers have 
died from Iraqi chemical 
weapons this week and — a 
much more sombre figure — as 
many as 1 ,500 Iranians may 
have suffered in poison gas 

On the ground, the Iraqis 
have cut the attacking Iranian 
forces into two, using com- 

— 7 bwm- iwua mia two, using coi 

Diplomatic drive 
to shield Kuwait 

From Zoriana Pysariwsky, New York 
A t’T 1 ***^ dramatic mold depend on a special 

Diplomats in' Bagh dad, 
meanwhile, say that Iraqi jets 
haw carpet-bombed the sec- 
ond Iranian force funher 
south, near the village of Siba, 
and used helicopter gunships 
to prevent its re-supply from 
the east bank of the river. 

The Iraqis are already 
aware, however, of some awe- 
some logistics. For this is not 
the massive offensive against 
their country which the Irani- 
ans have been promising: only 
85,000 Iranian troops — ap- 
proximately six divisions — 
are at present in combat, while 
a further 27 Iranian divisions 
are still massed opposite the 
Iraqi southern front lines. 
This means that 400.000 Ira- 
nian troops have not yet been 
committed to battle. 

If they are used south of 
Basra in the coming 48 hours, 
then Iraq’s counter-offensive 
could prove worthless. And if 
they are not used to prop up 
the new beachhead, where do 
the Iranians intend to strike? 

Libyan jets in war 
of nerves with US 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

As the US Navy resumed its 
exercises off the Libyan Coast, 

the Pentagon revealed that US 
carrier planes and Libyan 
fighter aircraft had more than 
25 encounters over the Medi- 
terranean on Tuesday. 

No hostilities took place. 
The incidents were outside the 
area claimed by the Libyan 
leader. Colonel Gadaffi, as 
territorial air space, and the 
Pentagon described the inter- 
ceptions as routine. 

Bast the incidents point to 
the high state of tension north 
of the Gulf of State, where the 
two US carrier task forces are 
now conducting highly risible 

The US fighters which 
made the interceptions flew 
from the carriers Coral Sea 
ami Saratoga as part of flight 
operations that began os 
Tuesday and riU end on 

Syrian women gain 

Shc t™ s! 9'v. the freed Soviet dissident, taking part io a succession of tests 
at J ad3 S? !a J Ied * cal *r entTe m Jerusalem yesterday, where his doctor said that he 
had suffered only minor damage to his heart aid nerves white to “ 

. Damascus (AP) - Commu- 
nists made a comeback and 
women doubled their number 
of seats in Syria's new People's 
Assembly, elected this week. 

The ruling Baath Party was 
the biggest winner, with 129 
seats in the 195-member Par- 

The Communists, who had 
no members in the previous 
Parliament, won nine seats, 
the Socialist Union Party also 
won nine, the Unionist Social- 

ist Party eight and the Arab 
Socialists five. 

Women from various par- 
ties won 18 seats, up from 
eight in the outgoing assem- 

The Parliament, which is 
mainly a rubber-stamp body 
for endorsing the policies of 
the ruling party, is required by 
tiie constitution to meet with- 
in two weeks to choose a 
Speaker. Observers expea the 
incumbent. Mr Mahmud 
Zubi. to be re-elected 

effort to halt the Gulf War 
under way at the United 
Nations as Senor Javier Perez 
de CtteOar, the Secretary- 
General, and members of the 
Securi ty Council explored op- 
tions focusing on preventing 
the wHiffiff from wyiHiiw 

Tensions were Ugh as the 
Secretary-General maintained 
contacts with the representa- 
tives of Iran, Iraq and the 

C JS I.J n '■# A 1 

invitation boa the Secretary- 
General outside the context of 
the council meetings. Iran has 
boycotted the Council, daim- 
fog that it favours Iraq. 

Representatives of the Unit- 
ed States and the Soviet Union 
were summoned by the Presi- 
dent of the Security Council 
and. asked to exert their 
influence hi defusing the con- 

ban would pd the reins on 

S**foj*d , Gflf Co-operation its forces only if threatened 
Csaucfl of whim Kuwait is a with outside inter v en tio n, anil 
member. In a dditio n, Mr diplomats pointed out that the 
Tanq Aziz, the Foreign Minis- Iranians have *>»»»« meat 
ter of Iraq, was expected in. pain to stop short of any 
New York by the end of the provocation that could induce 
week^ hoping to refly the a drastic US or Soviet re- 
Security COwnril against Lean, spouse. Although it was 
Seven Arab foreign minis- . .thought that Iren weald not 
ten comprising the qwqal ddflieretely attach Kuwait, 
Arab League committee on the there were fears of the amffict 
Saif War have called for an spiffing over nrintMti onally. 

argent meeting of the Security 
Council citing Inn’s “new 

against Iraq. 

It is believed that the arrival 
of Mr All Akbar Vebyatf, the 

Iranian Foreign Munster, conflict. 

Meanwhile, it was expected 
that the Security Council de- 
bate on the latest phase of the 
war would save as a good 
indicator of the British and 
Soviet positions to the Goff 


Mr Antrya Artnkovic on 
his arrival at Zagreb. 

Sick Nazi 
goes home 

From Dessa Trerisan 

Mr Andrfla Artnkovic, the 
wartime Mtoister of the Interi- 
or in the Croatian puppet 
Government, whose extradi- 
tion fer mass murder of Serbs 
and Jews had been sought by 
Belgrade for more than 3® 
years, has been flown into 

An ailing man of 86, he was 
taken on a stretcher to a prison 
hospital to await trial ou 
charges of war crimes against 

prisoners of war and drifians. 

As Minister of the Interior 
in the independent Croatian 
state set up after Yugoslavia 
was dismembered by Germany 
in 1941, be was directly re- 
sponsible for mass murders of 
the Serbs aad Jews as part of 
the ethnic and racial policy of 
the Quisling government. 

At the end of the war be fled 
the country. 

As soon as the United 
States Sapreme Court rejected 
his appeal against extradition 
he was secretly flown cot on a 
regular commercial flight to 
Zagreb, the capital of Cfoatia. 

ships on 
way out 

From Aba McGregor 

The phasing out of sab- 
standard vessels sailto g under 
flags of convenience with cut- 
price crews and minimal re- 
gard for safety standards has 
started with the signing of the 
final act of the UN convention 
on conditions for ship regis- 
tration. . 

Negotiations on the con- 
vention, under theauspices of 
the UN Conference, on Trade 
and -Development had been 
under way for a decade. 
Agreed by more than 100 
governments, including West- 
ern ship-owning and Soviet 
bloc countries, it will come 
into force when ratified by 40 
states controlling at least 25 
per cent of wood shipping 

The conference chairman. 
Mr Lamine Fadika (Ivory 
Coast),said be believed this 
could be within five years. 

The new regulations are 
aimed at es tablishing a legal 
“genuine link” between a 
vessel's country of registration 
and its real owner, -forcing 
shady operators out of busi- 
ness. A third of merchant 
shipping is open-registered, 
almost 80 per cent of it in 
Liberia and Panama. 

The convention .also, re- 
quires “a satisfactory part” of 
a- crew to be nationals of the 
registration state or domiciled 
there. It spells out legal and 
financial liabilities and insur- 
ance requirements, including 
cover for third parties. 

Developing countries tod 
initially pressed for the ending 
of- the nags of convenience 
system. They regard the con- 
vention as a compromise . 

Chad presses for aid 

Sldjamena, Chad (Reuter)- 
ad said yesterday that it 
i asked friendly countries, 
[tiding France; for military 
to help bear back a four- 
r Libyan onslaught . 

he Foreign Minister, Mr 
unra Lassou, told a rally in 
; -war-scarred capital city 
t the Government tod 
reached its traditional al- 
some time ago 

athoritative sources said a 
• was made by 
when he met 

request 1 

M Guy Penne, President 
Mitterrand's top adviser on 
African affairs. 

Addressing thousands of I 
Chadians carrying placards 
denouncing the “Libyan 
aggression,” Mr Lassou said 
that Libyan troops had 
opened a third front at Koto 

M Pence tod said earlier in 
foe Gabonese capital of Libre- 
ville that France would step 

up arms deliveries if the 

situation made it necessary. Fr c/ ’net $ aw. *B u 

Navy fighters are flying 
between their carriers and 
foreign planes, a tactic de- 
signed to screen the ships and 
position the US planes to 
bring down enemy aircraft 
before their weapons come to 
range of the vessels. 

The Libyan planes appar- 
ently wheeled away before 
nearing the battle groups. 

Colonel Gadaffi has threat- 
ened to attack American ships 
crossing a *11110 of death” he 
has drawn across the top of the 
Gulf of Stale. So far uo navy 
ships have crossed the fine, 
but officials here said it mtild 
be crossed eventually to reas- 
sert the US position that most 
of the Gulf of Sirte is in 
international waters. 

President Reagan will prob- 
ably order a retaliatory strike 
if Libya shoots down any US 
plane or launches one of its 12 
SA5 anti-aircraft mfetitet. 

?) - 
«f rc 

00 ic 

1 two 
s col. 
ion fa. 

ted a 
. but 
■0. A 
not zc 
' !be 

ent is, 

1 tm 
n of 












1 cei 




> had 
























Don’t worry. 

Unlike ocher airlines we won’t 
send you away disappointed. 

Well send you away Firsr Class 
instead at absolutely no extra cost 
(to you, that is). 

Or we might even send you on 
Concorde if you’ve booked a Super 

Club flight to New York, Miami, or 
Washington D.C 

British Airways would like to 
apologise to its passengers for any 
inconvenience this may cause. 

British Airways 

The worlds favourite airline, 

^Du.w£ -CvAn?U0Vt*i,i^»RCLuB-..'-r.^TnLr.0.u^- 7- I'M?. ,1-yZ 

Ni ,-. :h cMe? ic- L*l L iiCiiWC. fiN'i-iQWuE FPrjM -f.ihjAfti.iAfi, TQ ‘jg MARCH Bfe 






Slabbert deputy follows his leader 

Second MP quits in Pretoria 

From Michael Hornsby 

Another senior member of 
the white opposition in the 
South African Parliament has 
decided to resign in disillu- 
sionment over the slow pace 
.of constitutional chance and 
the Government's refusal to 
abandon apartheid 

He is Dr Alex Boraine, 
chairman of the Federal 
Council of the Progressive 
Federal Party iPFPl. whose 
leader. Dr Frederik Van Zyl 
Slabbert. resigned last Friday, 
alter pronouncing the Parlia- 
ment "a grotesque ritual of 

Dr Boraine. who had been 
regarded as one of the con- 
tenders to succeed Dr 
Slabbert told a press confer- 
ence in Cape Town yesterday 
that he hoped he could now 
play a role as “3n honest 
broker" between Parliament 

Dr Alex Boraine after 
announcing his resignation, 
and extra- parliamentary op- 
ponents of the Government. 

Dr Boraine said the resigna- 
tion of Dr Slabbert a close 
friend and colleague, had in- 
fluenced his own decision, but 
it had "been more a matter of 
something crystallizing which 
has been in my mind and 
heart for a long while”. 

He added that he hoped to 
strengthen ties with groups 
such as the United Democrat- 
ic Front (UDF). although it 
would be “up to them” to 
decide whether there was a 
specific role he could play. 

The UDF. a loose coalition 
of anti-apartheid groups, is 
regarded by the Government 
as a front for the outlawed 
African National Congress 
and many of its leaders and 
rank-and-file members have 
been detained under emergen- 
cy regulations in the past six 

Dr Boraine said that there 
was still a place for conven- 
tional opposition within Par- 
liament. but it was pressure 
from outside Parliament and 
from abroad, as well as eco- 
nomic pressure, which had 
brought about such changes as 
had occurred. 

The resignations of Dr 
Slabbert and Dr Boraine have 

seriously weakened the PFP. 
and cast a shadow over those 
who have elected to continue 
working inside Parliament 

They an: both widely re- 
spected abroad, and their | 
judgment that the Govern- . 
men! has no intention of 
abandoning apartheid must 
make it much more difficult 
for Pretoria to convince the 
outside world that its reforms 
have any real substance. 

Before the resignations, the 
PFP held 27 of the 1 78 seats in 
the House of the Assembly, 
the White Chamber of Parlia- 
ment which has separate 
houses for Indians and 

The roling National Party 
has 127 seats,' two extreme 
right-wing parties have 19 
seats between them, and the 
New Republic Party, whose 
views are scarcely distinguish- 
able from those of the Govern- 
ment has five. 

■■■4 . ' '' 

■ ;! : "V-iJEi 

expel 10 

ft-: | 

n »<• • dRl 

'--SsL. al 

Philippine election chaos 

Pik Botha’s Geneva talks 

qrnno campaign 
of civil unrest 

From Da rid Watts. Manila 

From Michael Hornsby 

The Philippines opposition 
is to launch a campaign of non- 
violent ciril disobedience this 
weekend, starting with an 
, important rally on Sonday to 
be addressed by Mrs Corazon 
. Aquino, who calls herself pres- 
• idem-elect. 

The campaign will include 
- work slow-downs, sit-down 
demi,nsrrarions. boycotts of 
government newspapers and 
' non-payment of taxes. 

Mr Butz Aquino. Mrs 
Aquino's brother-in-law, told 
The Times that be thought the 
campaign could bring down 
President Marcos in six 
months. Bnt the emphasis will 
he on non-violent, peaceful 
' demonstrations. Mr Aquino 
said chat if the opposition 
continued to tack solid support 
from the United States, -we’ll 
just have to kiss the Ameri- 
cans goodbye. Its rime the 
Philippines started to stand on 
its own feet anyway**. 

The campaign is expected to 
be endorsed by a conference of 
'the Catholic bishops of the 
' Philippines which started yes- 
terday. The conference jk like- 
:iv to issue a pastoral letter at 
;is» conclusion which wiii'pffer 
"dose support to Mrs Aquino. 
’She has been in close touch 
with Cardinal Sin since the 

start of her campaign. 

Mrs Aquino went to Manila 
airport during the afternoon to 
receive the body of Mr Evelio 
Javier, which was brought 
back from the provincial capi- 
tal of .Antique, where he was 
shot dead by four masked 
gunmen. His body was taken 
in a motorcade to the Bactaran 
Redemptorist Cbnrcb . 

The congregation broke into 
applause when Mrs Aquino 
was greeted and referred to as 

tor Richard Lugar, who head- 
ed a Congressional observer 
ream at the Philippines elec- 
tion, said he would support a 
cot in economic and military 
aid if the vote was found to be 
fraudulent (Michael Binyon 

Senator Lugar. Republican 
chairman of the Senate For- 
eign Relations Committee. : 
said in Indiana (bat Congress 
would probably deny farther 
assistance to the Philippines if 
the election w*i “fatally 
flawed”. His comments fiy in 
the race of the 
Administration's insistence 
that military aid to Manila 

must continue 'whatever the 
outcome of the election. 

A new plan to try to break 
the stalemate over indepen- 
dence for South African-occu- 
pied Namibia is understood 
here to have been one of the 
mjin topics of talks in Geneva 
this week between Mr R.F. 
"Pik" Botha, the South Afri- 
can Foreign Minister, and Dr 
Chester Crocker, the Ameri- 
can Assistant Secretary of 
Slate for African Affairs.' 

There is also speculation 
that Mr Botha may be pursu- 
ing with the Americans the 
possibility of a “package deal" 
involving the release front jail 
of Mr Nelson Mandela, leader 
of the outlawed African Na- 
tional Congress. 

Another purpose of the visit 
is thought to be to brief the 
Swiss and other European 
Governments on Pretoria's 
1 reform programme in advance 
of an important meeting in 
London on February 20 of 
Western bankers to consider 
new proposals for re-schedul- 
ing South Africa's short-term 

A former governor of the 
Swiss Central Bank. Dr Fritz 
Leuiwiler. has been acting as 
mediator between South Afri- 
ca and the creditor banks. 
Speculation that Mr Botha 
would meet Dr Leutwiler in 


w • 1 \ 





Ltf. -d 

cm*® 50 

detm 15 

tautest fUcbmQBti 

3-piece Suite (illustrated). 
Norma! Price £1,469 

SALE £999.95 

I Choice of fashionable covers 

The famous Maples 
of Tbttsnham Court Road Sate & sow oal 
Mot only fantastic savings on our fufl range 
of quality furoffure and carpets but also 

Yoareaflyjust can't afford to nriss ft. 

Treaswy (illustrated). 
Colonial style dining range m 
cherry finish. e.g. 
r Mirrored back display unit 
Normal Price £94955 

SM£ £649.95 

Tatte and 4 chairs. 

Normal Price £1109.75 
SALE PRICE £738.75 
Carver chair also available. 
Normal Price £ 17955 

k £11955 [Mi 


Normal Price £169.95 
SALE PRICE £129.95 
Chippendale Style 
Coffee Table (illustrated) 
Normal Price £379.00 
SALE PRICE £299 .00 

i Normal Price £739 95 

' SALE PRICE £545.95 

I Chair. 

I Normal Price £379.35 

SALE PRICE £275.85 

Also available (not iVcs.) 
Matching S+jer? Larp Tibie 
Normal Price £305 


i Also available (not illus.) 
i 2-seat Sofa 
■ Normal Price £69995 

i SALE PRICE £499.95 

Round lamp Table 
(Not illustrated.) 
Normal Price £365 


W22?H 145 TOTTEN HAM COURT ROAD. TEL: 01-387 7000 

New move to halt 
Namibia deadlock 

wmm • 4 

Mrs Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, aged 34, the oldest danghter of the late Senator 
Robert Kennedy, pictured with her daughters Meghan, left, aged eight, and Maeve, aged 
six, at their bone in Ruxton, Mainland. Mrs Kennedy Townsend, a lawyer, is seeking 
the Democratic nomination in Maryland's Second Congressional District- 

Rabat jails 
26 activists 

Hard edge to Haiti’s joy 

From Trevor FtshJock, Port-au-Prince 

The mansion of one of they branded as Dnvalieris&. the DnvaGer years. The stat- 

Gcncva has not been officially 
confirmed here. 

According to diplomatic 
sources here. Mr Botha today 
will meet the Dutch Foreign 
Minister, representing the 12 
EEC member states. The 
meeting was requested by Mr 
Botha, who is likely to be 
pressed lo spell out in more 
detail what plans Pretoria has 
for extending political rights 
lo black Africans. 

The new move on Namibia 
is understood lo involve set- 
ting a date for the implemen- 
tation of the UN Security 
Council Resolution 435. 
passed in 1978. which pro- 
vides for a UN-supervized 
ceasefire in Namibia, followed 
by elections and the territory's 
independence. Mr Botha said 
in a statement he was not 
aware of any decision to set a 
dale but did not deny it could 
be under discussion. 

There has been little official 
comment here on Mr Botha's 
Swiss visit. It was announced, 
however, that yesterday morn- 
ing he met Mr Jean-Pierre 
Hocke. the UN High Commis- 
sioner for Refugees, about the 
“increased influx" of refugees 
from South Africa's neigh- 
bours. particularly Mozam- 

Haiti's noted artists lay a 
smouldering rain in Port-aa- 
Prince yesterday. It was pre- 
sumed to have been burnt as a 
blow against the remnants of 
the Dataller regime. The art- 
ist was said by focal people to 
have been a friend of tbe 
dictator and bis wife. 

As the boose, belonging to 
Bernard Sejonrne, Mazed on a 

In particular they demanded 
that Mr Alix Cute should 

Mr Cineas is a member of 
the six man priUtory-dvilian 
rating counriL He was Minis- 
ter of Works in the last 
Devalier Cabinet. 

A growing number of Hai- 
tians grumble that the new 
Government has too many 

hillside overlooking tbe city . people in its ranks associated 
centre, a crowd of thousands of with, the onden regime. At a 

1 young people gathered in the 
| square and streets around the 
presidential palace. 

They were noisy and high 
spirited. Their gathering was 
part carnival part demonstra- 
tion. It was an exuberant 
celebration of the end of the 
29-year role of Papa Doc and 
Baby Doc Dnvatier. The peo- 
ple danced and sang and 
waved pafan branches. Many 
of them wore Haiti Ubdrde T- 

But there was a hard edge to 
some of the chanting Many in 
the crowd called for the resig- 
nation of members of the 
interim Government, which 

meeting in Port-an-Prmce, Mr 
Sylrio Claude, president of tire 
small Christian Democratic 
Party of Haiti, read a declara- 
tion saying that the majority of 
the 19 ministers in tire interim 
Government are Duvalierists 
or former Dnvatier Govern- 
ment ministers. He called on 
the ruling council to form, 
within a month, a provisional 
Government containing repre- 
sentatives of opposition par- 

Mr Claude, who is a Protes- 
tant minister, was jailed sever- 
al times by the Duraliers. 

Tbe public is enthusiastical- 
ly obliterating the symbols of 

oes have gone and the name of 
Dnvatier is being torn down 
from public bnOdings or cov- 
ered with paint. There is no 
doubt that bank notes bearing 
Papa Doc's image wfll go. 

Haitians feel that an era of 
humiliation has ended. The 
Dnvaliers made Haiti notori- 
ous. Now people say that they . 
no longer feel ashamed. 1 
• TALLOIRES, Fiance: 
Baby Doc Dnvatier is proving 
a big headache for tire French 
Government by resisting ef- 
forts to get him out of tire 
country and insis ting on per- 
manent refuge in France (Ren- 
ter reports). 

French officials describe Mr 
Dnvatier^ stay as a transit 
stop and rale out granting 
residence to tire ex-Presideut, 
who has been cloistered for the 
past six days in a beavfly- 
gnarded luxury hotel here. 

The French External Rela- 
tions Ministry said that 
France had formally ap- 
proached Liberia about offer- 
ing Mr Dnvatier asylum, but 
was still awaiting a reply. 

NEA takes strategic Uganda town 

From Charles Harmon, Nairobi 
Troops of Preskfcnl Yoweri The NRA's eastern com- 

Museveni's National Resis- 
tance Army (NRA) took tbe 
strategic eastern Uganda town 
of Soroti on one of the two 
main roads linking northern 
and southern Uganda after a 
six-hour battle on Wednesday, 
when soldiers of the former 
Army Commander, General 
Basilio Okello, pulled out. 

mandcr. Mariya Kyaligonza, 
said he lost two dead and three 
wounded, while the other side 
left behind seven dead. He 
said tbe defending force ap- 
peared demoralized . 

The NRA force had ad- 
vanced another 1 0 miles to the 
north yesterday. 

Students at the East African 
flying school, on the outskirts 
of Soroti said yesterday they 
were lined up to be shot when 
the Okello troops received 
word that the NRA was 
advancing into the town. Tbe 
execution squad abandoned 
its task, piled into waiting 
trucks and headed north in 
panic, they said. 

Rabat (Reuter) — A Casa- 
blanca court sentenced 26 left- 
wing activists to prison terms 
of between three and 20 years 
for subversion and threaten- 
ing state security. The prose- 
cution. which -had demanded 
30-year sentences for all said 
the group received financial 
aid from Algerian-backed 
Polisario guerrillas. 

Special Oscar 

Beverly Hills (Reuter) - 
Paul Newman, nominated as 
best actor six rimes but never 
an Academy Award winner, 
will receive an honorary Oscar 
at tbe 58th annual awards for 
his contribution to acting. 

Basque attack 

Alasua. Spain (Reuter) - 
Suspected Risque separatists 
set two French lorries on fire 
outside a restaurant here but 
firemen averted disaster by 
driving away two adjacent 
propane gas lorries. 

Print war 

Dhaka ( AP) — An advertise- 
ment urging pilots, sailors and 
technicians to join tbe Libyan 
armed forces for a holy war 
against the US and Israel 
appeared in a Bangladesh 

Forces chief 

Tegucigalpa, Honduras 
(AP) — The federal legislature 
elected Colonel Humberto 
RegaJada Hernandez, aged 49. 
as chief of the armed forces, 
replacing -General Waller Lo- 
pez Reyes, who resigned sud- 
denly fast month. 


M Philippe Heisant, who, as 
reported yesterday, was locked 
by staff in his office at L ‘Union 
de Reims, the newspaper of 
which he is temporary propri- 
etor, is the son of M Robert 
Hersant. the right-wing news- 
paper magnate. 

La Manga Club is undoubtedly one of 
the great resorts in Europe” 

GoK Monthly Aug 85 ® 

Imagine a private paradise in Southern 
Spain encircled by hills and lemon groves and 
the blue waters of the Mediterranean. 

And all yours. 

Spend the day in your own private 
beach dub with the best windsurfing in 
Europe. Or go scuba-diving from your own • 
mediterranean cove. 

If sipping a cold drink by the pool is 
more your idea of bliss, you've got at least 
3 pools to choose from. 

And that's only a tiny part of the 
pleasures of La Manga Club. It’s the two 
championship golf courses which lure Seve 
Ballesteros back whenever he can take time 
off from touring as La Manga Club’s 

Anyone for tennis? The David Uoyd 
Racquet Centre is one of the biggest and best 
equipped in Europe. 

There's the only cricket oval in Southern 
Spain. And where else could you go riding ' 
through hills overlooking the Mediterranean, 
without ever leaving your own grounds? 

Come the evening and there’s a great 
choice of restaurants, bars and nightlife. 

That’s La Manga Club for you. A unique 
world of all year round leisure. 

- „ Unique too in the wide 
, range of holiday 

- -•» i homes you 

. ■' ' can make 

X And because of 
La Manga Club's 
success as a holiday 
resort, our dub 
letting service can 
provide a more 
g than useful 


' T/ What’s more. 

Los aims as La Manga Club 

is owned and run by a 
set among u-ees and British company , 

flowers w«th private podfc. European Ferries 

Group Pic, you can be 
sure your investment is thoroughly safe and 
well managed. 

Send for the brochure. A wonderful 
discovery awaits you. 

Or if you are in London, call in and see 
our video presentation and villa model 
display at our 

showroom office - _ 

just opposite 

/\! *1 

? 5 iH 


! L^ 

Paris (AFP) — Tbe French 
Interior Minister. M Pierre 
Joxe, has ordered tbe expul- 
sion of 10 of 64 people 
detained m a nationwide 
sweep on Wednesday after 
three bombings which injured 
20 people here last week. 

The 10, who will be depon- 
ed either to their country of 
origin or to a country of their 
choice for disrupting public 
order, comprise two Lebanese, 
four Iraqis, an Algerian, a 
Kenyan and two Iranians 
However no direct links have 
been found to last week’s 


,\Lj 1 \ 


afffcr i? r-, 

* . c 


tndtvKka) ViUas 
Superb oetached 4 and 
5 bedroom vrias set in 
their own gardens 

complete with pod on 

the edge of the golf 

'4 1 ^ 

Los Moflnos 
A true Andabran 
style villa se resfl-ng 
the slopes of the 
Muroan alls towards 
the Medne-nnean. 
i. 2 and i bedroom 

‘-j- on the 

Murcian hillside 

i? or? cf a select 

£'OiJO -! 1 SjVufOus villas, 
cluster, ec! C'.,nd private 

^ ,edSes ? nc ! ^the La Manga Qub T 

«j!r ~-"- 

r (i ‘ s\ * 

"tlh f 

; > if*-.. 

brochure including pnoes md 
plans. Regular inspection flghs and 

attractive financial packages 


swirr.r.r? pec-:.. 

even r. ■= a v«i\i in its own 

La Chib Linked 
Silver Giy House 
62 Brampton Road 
SW3 iBW 

Telephone Ql 22SMW 

grounds, from £ 1 05.000 to c - individually 
designed and built for up to £i50.000. 

I ~~ * 

wm ri * 

r, S, r ' ' 

‘ % . . 

s Si\ iy 


Lr l'iS£> 


h > { 



-ft acuxVs^ 

* **• ■-. 

»*:*■ -:• . • ' 

s P-cialO Sc 



i ’?.'.* 

?tt ?r - 

r»n. • ■ 
4 v -. 


• -- .; • - 

ir:nt wa; 

} urees 


{ nfTrd: 


i ' It* 1 

*** ^ An V 


■■•• .. -*-v * 

Dingo case mother at 
the centre of 
Canberra-Darwin row 


^ Chamberiain's 

latest attempt to prove h«sclf 

innocent of murder is likely to 

provoke an even greater fu- 
rore, if that is possible, than 
extraordinary events 
which have already marked 
the so-called Dingo Baby case.. 

l£$s than a week after being 
set free, Mrs Chamberlain has 
become the foens of a wrangle 
between the Federal Govern- 
ment and the administration 
of the Northern Terroritary. 

Since the announcement of 
a fresh inquiry it has become 
apparent that the Chamber- 
lain case now means more to 
Australia than just the ip g » t 
question of whether the young 
wife of a Seventh Day Advent- 
ist pastor dashed the throat of 
their nine-week old baby and 
then fabricated an .incredible 
account of the child's death 
involving a wild dog. 

It was already well known 
that “Iindy r ’, as she is invari- 
ably referred to, has signifi- 
cant commercial potential, as 
demonstrated by the large, 
sums being offered by the 
proprietors of Australia's vig- 
orous and combative media 
- for the exclusive rights to her 

_ .What is .tow emerging is 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

that the case also has consider^ \ 
able potential for politicians. ( 

The wrangle started with 
the suggestion by Mr Lionel 

led to Mrs Chamberlain's 

The Northern Territory 
Government, still ; smarting 

D . . v'jvuumcuv, aua a&uflilunL! 

Bowen, the Federal Attorney- over Canberra's unilatera l dc- 
. Genera l, that the Northern dsion last year to- hand the 
Territory Government should title to Ayer’s Rock to a local 
demonstrate its impartiality aboriginal group, was stung by 
by appointing an outsider to these remarks mto a 

head the proposed inquiry bitter response, 
into the case. 

~ « . _ Mr Paul Everingbam, a 

The Government m Damn former Qutf bfinister; djal- 
has qome m for considerable fenged Mr Bo wen to repeat his 

• - > - ■ . . . v- JMwcn uj icpcai ms 

amernn far ns handling of remarks without pariiamenia- 
tte affeir. The suggest! on has lyprivite claiming that they 
w*n made that, among other implied a perversion of justice 
things, there has teen a local during his term of office, 
prejudice against Mrs Cham- 
berlain which has made it Meanwhile, Mr Marshall 
difficult for local administra- Perron, the Attorney- 
tors to show compassion to- General, rounded on Mr Nev- 
waflds her. ille Wran_ PremiM'- nf 

-yi* * 

" :/ '0 \ ' i."w5 v f:. : . - 

■ i 

boiain which has made it Meanwhile, Mr Marshall 
difficult fin- local administra- Perron, the «*»♦*» Attorney- 
tors to show compassion to- General, rounded on Mr Nev- 
v^rds her. file Wran, Premier ‘of New 

With public - opinion ap- who bad' idled 

pearing to have swung in her Jtf “5 


that TJmfv h*« w P° int °* view of crime. 

Lines of police block the road in front of the Seoul boose of Mr Kim Dae Jung. 

Argentine trip dilemma for Britain 

that Undy has had less th an 
what is every Australian's 
right, a “lair go". 

Mr Perron insists that the 
inquiry is a local matter, and it 

^ - ■ a- . . j . — 

— j ma umwi t nin i ** » 

Mr Bowen told Parliament is quite capable of conducting 
he was suggesting .that a a totally nn partial investiga- 
federal judge should head the tion. Though' the original tnal 
inquiry in the public interest, was held under state jurisdic- 
and that a wide-ran g in g inqui- 1 . tion he points out that its 
ry was necessary to Took at the findings were upheld by fedcr- 
evidepce “or lack of it? which a! authorities on appeal. 

The Foreign Office is ago- 
inizing over whether to have 
any contact with a higb-Jevd 
Argentine parfiameatary dele- 
gation due to visit Britain next 
week as guests of the South 
Atlantic Council, set up to 
promote Anglo- Argentine rec- 
onciliation, and the Inter- 
Parframemary Union. 

The group includes two 
senior members of President 
Alfonsms Radical party — 
Senator Adolfo Gass, vice- 
chairman of the Senate oom- 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

mi ttee on foreign affairs, and 
Sen or Federico Storani, chair- 
man of the foreign affairs 
committee in the Chamber of 

The aim of the visit b to 
improve understanding be- 
tween the two Falldands foes 
in the hope that this will 
eventually lead to a re-estab- 
lishment of full diplomatic 

It is hoped the four-member 
delegation, whose visit has 
come under fire from nation- 

alist groups in Argentina, will 
be carrying a message from 
President Alfonsin which will 
restate Argentina's claims to 
sovereignty over the Falkland 
•Islands but will also contain 
fresh ideas on how the present 
deadlock can be broken. 

Britain's main reservation 
about talking to the group is 
that Argentina is still techni- 
cally at war with Britain. 

The British are also upset 
that none of the constructive 

gestures which London has 
made since the ending of the 
Falldands war, such as the 
lifting of financial and trade 
restrictions or offering to re- 
establish air services, has pro- 
duced a positive response 
from Buenos Aires. 

There concerns have not 
discouraged a large number of 
prominent British parliamen- 
tarians — many Conservatives 
among than — from wanting . 
to talk to the Argentine dekga- ■ 

Worldwide abuses condemned 

US attacks Soviet 

From Mohsin AH, Washington 
The United States yesterday . per fo r m ance on human rights 
said that some sources esti- railed to meet even the most 
mate that as many as 1,000 elementary or accepted inter 
people may be confined in national s tandards. 
psychiatric hospitals for politi- The report specially referred; 

cal or religious reasons, and to alcohol abuse and said that 
that most observers believed the Soviet Union ranked first 
there were as many as 10,000 in the world in the per capita! 
prisoners of conscience in the consumption of hard liquor. 
Soviet Union. Alcohol consumption had 

The State Department's more than doubled dining the 
1,400-page annual -report on past 25 years and now took 10; 
human rights practices in per cent of the average Sovieti 
1985 in more than 160 ooun- household budget 
tries mate blistering- attacks . This dramatic evidence of 
on alleged violations .in IS- Social'malaise cost the Soviet 
page section on' the Soviet: economy 10 per cent in lost 

Ifour chance to share in a fortune! 


- Union.'. Moscow has stfangly : production every year, 
denied such/eariier American- The document abarefetred 

allegations. . . to .'Northern -Intend, saying 

The report also dealt with .that Britain: had a tong tradi- 
alleged human rights abuses in. tion of respect for basic tau- 

China. North and South Ko- 
rea^ the Philippines, Cambo- 
dia.' Laos. Afghanistan and 
countries in Western and East- 
ern Europe, Latin America, 
the Middle East and Africa, 
inducting South Africa -and 

The document is called for 
by Congress to help in its 
decisions on foreign aid legis- 

said that the Soviet Catholics-* 1 

man rights. Bnt it added.*“In 
Northern. Ireland, however, 
human rights traditions have 
been, from time to time, put to 
the test as the British Govern- 
ment combats terrorism by 
militant organizations de- 
manding the forcible unifica- 
tion of Ireland, as well as 
reciprocal violence by both 
militant nationalists and loy- 
alist groups against 

Fun-loving Bulgarians 
suffer another blow 

From Richard Bassett, Vienna 

These are hard times for the 
gregarious B ulgarians . Earlier 
this winter. Western pop nm- 
sic was banned from their 
discotheques and there was a 
crackdown oa long-haired, 
party-going students. This 
week, Bulgaria's Government 
decided to launch another 
crosade, this time against the 
evil of akoboL 
On Monday, ghnt posters 
appeared hi factories, offices 
and schools m Sofia, portray- 
ing happy, rosy-cheeked Bul- 
garians eating yoghurt, and 
dishevelled, seedy Bulgarians 
drinking wine. 

For those who did not 
respond to *btn sophisticated 
visual message, the party pa- 
per, Rabotnicnesko Deta, de- 
voted a 1 , 000 -word leading 
article on Wednesday to what 
it styled “our national mobiH- 
zation against alcohol". 

The article underlined the 
antisocial effects rf drink. It 
said that 80 per cent of si 
robberies in Bulgaria ha d been 
committed by people enroed- 
by alcohol*’. Drunken drivers 
bid killed 78 people on Bul- 
garia's roads. Inebriated offi- 
cials had cost the country 

Red Cross to 
help free 

Colombo (AFP) - Sri Lan- 1 
la has agreed to involve 
international hum anitar ian 
groups in efforts to wot* the 
release of Penelope Wiffis, the 
Rrirkh freelance journalist ab- 
ducted by Tamil separatists , 
The National Security Min- 
ister, Mr 
Athuiathmudah, said the 
Government would allow the 
Red Cross and Amnesty Inter- 
national to help- 
Informed sources said J w 
Government bad m* 
the Red Cross mvgvcd w* 
cause it would .afford the 
Tamil mifitants recognized 
status. Yesterday, toe nuhrant 
croup th at is heading mis. 
Willis threatened to subject, 
her to a “revolutionary 

as a suspected Bri tish spy- _ 
The British High Commo- 
stoo said it was not aware yet 
. of rtiejdireat tqfrY^hcr.. 

hours iff work and. together 
with intoxicated technicians, 
were threatening Bulgaria's 
immine nt traasitiofl to a nwd- 
em» cenqMter-age power. 

era, comjmter-flge power. 

As . well as these weighty 
argu m e nt s, the article also 
appealed to the more patriotic 
instincts iff the. Bulgarians. 
Abstinence, it recalled, to the 
surprise iff many acquainted 
with Bulgaria’s jnstly celebrat- 
ed whies and spirits, had 
played an important role in the 
fight against monarchism and 

Surprising though these ar- 
gmnents might seem, the Bul- 
garian establishment was 
reported this week by Weston 
observers to have gone “dry* 1 . 

The interminable toasts 
with brandy have been re- 
placed by the' more austere 
practice of drinking each 
other's health hi fruit jmce. 

£134321,450 was paid out 
to £890,890 Premium Bond 
prize winners in the last twelve 

You can give yourself a 
chande to share in this kind 
ofmoney by buying Premium 
Bonds today. Arid if you’ve 
already got some, you can add 
to your chances of winning by 
simply buying more. 

160.000 tax-free prizes 
a month 

In every monthly draw approxi- 
mately 160,000 people win anything 
from £50 to £250,000. . 

And on top of that there’s a weekly 
draw with prizes of £100,000, £50,000 
and £25,000. 

A total of over £11 million in prize 
money every month. All tax-free. 


A stake you can’t lose 

Yon can’t lose the money you stake, 
’four bonds go back into the draw week 
after week and month after month until 
you decide to take them out 

Give yourself 
a better chance 

Each pound gives you a separate 
chance in every weekly and monthly 
draw. The more bonds you have, the more 
chances you have of winning. 

How To Bu y 

There’s a choice of ways to buy 
Premium Bonds. You can go to a post 
office or bank Or you can use the coupon 
below to buy by post 

Or phone 0800 100 100 (free) and 
we’ll send you a prospectus, application 
form and reply-paid envelope. 

From a Post Office or Bank 

If you buy from a post office or 

bank the minimum purchase is £10, and 
then in multiples of £5. 

You can also get the prospectus, 
showing the full terms. Your bonds will 
be posted to you within a month. 

Fill in the coupon and send it with 
your cheque to the Premium Bond 
Office, Lytham St Annes, FYO 1YN. 
(Make out your cheque to National 

Minimum purchase with this 
coupon is £25, and then in multiples 
of £5. 

The date of purchase will be the: 
date we receive your application. Your 
bonds will be posted to you within a ' : 
month, with a prospectus. 

Act Now 

Whichever way you decide^ 
your bonds, the sooner you act, the 
sooner you’ll have a chance to get in on 
that £11 million a month payout. 

Good Luck! 

after Mr Gorbiicbov cracked 
down oo vodka in the Soviet 
Union, the latest Bulgarian 
oiipigD would seem to be 
gather example of Sofia's 
nerrons longing to coart 
Moscow's approval. 

Hundreds in 
Bang ladesh 
rally clash 

piiakt — Hundreds of Op- 
position and pro-Govennnent ! 
supporters dashed here yes- 
terday, hurting missiles at one 
another as Bangladesh's mili- 
tary- ruler. President Ersh ari , 
pledged to bold elections by 
June after more than .four 
■years of martial law (Ahmed 
fazl writes). _ _ 

• The President told a rally of 

more dm i 30,000 
■of the pro^ioverament Janyo 
Party m Dhaka that he would 
only end Army tute after the 
ejections, appealing » 
mainstream opposition affi- 
ances to take part- - 

president Erehad is widely 
expected to ron for the presi- 
dency in the elect ions . . 

°At toast fOOTpS>ple wae 
injured as supporters of toe 
allian ces and pro-ffi^unegt 
workers fought ad the dose of 


A few facts 
you need to 

* Bonds become 
eligible for the draw 
three hill calendar 
months following the 
month of purchase. 

•k The prize fund is 
calculation one 
month’s interest on 
each bond eligible for. 
that month’s draw. 

. The interest rate is 
775% p-u and may be 
varied at three 
months' notice. 

. * AH prizes arc free 
of Income Tax and 
Capital Gains lax. ‘ 

* The maximum 
holding is £10,000. 






Do you already hold : 

Premium Bonds? yes or no 

If I YES 1 please give 

Holder's number 


Date of Birth 

(essential if 
under 16) 




■"1 — — i 

I accept the terms of the Prospectus and apply to purchase Premium Bonds in multiples of £5 
(minimum £25) £ 

Signature Date 

If buying for a child under 16: 


All forenames 





For official use 

c I o I u 

Seoul puts d 

gag on 

its leading i 
dissident h 

Seoul (AFF) - South r ) - 

Korea's top political dissident, *4 s 

Mr Kim Dae Jung, was under ^ >< 

house arrest yesterday while 1 

hundreds of police surrounded s fol 

the m yfa opposition party wita 


Witnesses said the move !td , ® 

came a day after opposition - ou; 

politicians defied the Govern- 'epen 

mem by launching a petition ^ 

calling for presidential elec- aw ; c 

tions. rht 

Five officials of the opposi- 
tion New Korea Democratic * nt 

Ptoty (NKDP) and the Conn- . 

dl for the Promotion of Do- 1 °" 

mocracy (CPD) were n 

reportedly taken into police 
custody and interrogated ‘-,V 

throughout the night p,'' *' 

Mr Kim's aides said police ^ 

i set up barricades outside his - ‘ 

home in western Seoul on v- 1 

[Wednesday night. 

Fordgqjonnulists, who in the ' J7 

past had been allowed to see . 

, him while under house arrest, ' j;, 

were tarred. d*,' 

On Wednesday officials : del 

were caught off guard when othur 

the opposition launched its .r.dts 

petition campaign ahead of route 

schedule, despite government 
threats of jail terms. They isnv, 

hope to gather 10 million ^aid 

signatures. stack 

Yesterday was the ninth • * hid 

time Mr Kim had been put 
under house arrest since re* S£l - 

turning from voluntary ex3e in ipar_ 

the US. 

Please do not use this coupon if you are buying at a Post Office or bank. 




PortugaPs presidential run-off 








































cir • 
ate i 










tha • 

I 1 



Debtors in 

Freitas woos sceptical south search of 


From Richard W{ 
Grandola, Porra 

Almost twelve years after 
Portugal's left-wing revolu- 
tion, Professor Diogo Freitas 
do Amaral, join! candidate of 
the right in Sunday's keenly 
contested presidential elec- 
tion, came to the Aientejo to 
proclaim that he too is “a 
man of April 25. 1974” 

The claim illustrated his 
strenuous effort to amass 
sufficient votes in ihe deci- 
sive second round and so 
become the man to replace 
President Antonio Eanes, the 
former Army officer who 
emerged from the 1974 revo- 
lution but who cannot consti- 
tutionally run for a third 
term. All campaigning ends 

Professor Freitas obtained 
a commanding 46 per cent of 
the vote in the first round on 
January 26 against Dr Mario 
Soares, the Socialist leader 
and former prime minister, 
who got only 25 per cent 
While Professor Freitas 
must essentially hold that 
lead in the north and the 
middle-class vote in Lisbon, 
in the south he has to drive a 
wedge between his rival and 
the rest of the left which 
together in the first round 
obtained more than 53 per 

“I am. and will be. a man 
of April 25 and I accept those 
democratic ideals. What I 
cannot accept is the totalitar- 
ian deviation from them 
during 1975 - or that they 
must mean positive hunger 
or salaries months in 
arrears." Professor Freitas 
went on. 

A crowd of about 150 
convinced supporters ap- 
plauded but, at a distance, 
clusters of working class 
people stood around in this 
dusty little agricultural town, 
some 100 miles south of 
Lisbon, looking absolutely 
impassive and very sceptical 

••■t; «« £r-r*:. s -: ;■*: 

Professor Freitas do Amaral acknowledges cheers at Cascais, a resort outside Lisbon. 

as they listened to Professor 
Freitas's declaration. 

During a day's campaign- 
ing through the Aientejo and 
finally onto the Algarve, the 
44-> ear-old Christian Demo- 
crat chose to make his 
declaration here because, as 
he put it Grandola “will 
always be associated with the 

“Grandola". the song 
which described the agricul- 
tural workers' struggles and 
was banned by the authori- 
tarian regime ’ before 1974. 
became the theme song of the 
April Revolution. Its singing 
still evokes emotional memo- 
ries on the Left but its 
author Jose Afonso, a fierce 
critic of Dr Soares in office, 
has these days endorsed his 
candidacy to stop Professor 
Freitas winning 

In Grandola in the first 
round the presidential candi- 
date backed by the Commu- 
nists and supporters of 
outgoing President Eanes ob- 
tained 59 per cent Professor 
Freitas 22 per cent and Dr 
Soares only 12 per cent half 
his national average. These 
figures underline how crucial 
the Communist vote will be. 

On the trail through little 
towns Professor Freitas ham- 
mers how the true ideals of 
April 1974. jobs, social jus- 
tice and prosperity, can best 
be achieved with him in Ihe 
presidency and Senhor 
Anibal Cavaco Silva leading 
a government of the same 
political colour. 

The Prime Minister, a 
right-wring Social Democrat 
joined the candidate cam- 
paigning in ihe Algarve. 

closely linking the future of 
his three-month-old minority 
government with the presi- 
dential outcome. 

"There is no valid reason 
why Portugal should be the 
least developed country of 
Western Europe, we are not 
less intelligent or less hard- 
working." Professor Freitas 
declared. But Portugal must 
have statesmen competent 
enough to lead the country to 
higher living standards 

Sunday's vote, he empha- 
sizes. must above all help to 
create slablity in the 
country's political institu- 

Professor Freitas nowhere 
mentions that the Social 
Democrats, now backing 
him. governed in coaltion 
with Dr Soares throughout 
the austerity years. 

Carter finds Central America eager for peace 

From John Carlin 
Mexico City 

Former President Jimmy 
Carter has said here that all 
the options for peace in 
Central America were, not 
being explored, making clear 
that he believed the Reagan 
Administration should make 
greater efforts to promote 
negotiations among the war- 
ring factions in the region. 

Mr Carter, at the end of a 
fact-finding tour of five Latin 

American nations, said at a 
news conference that in El 
Salvador and Nicaragua, 
where he met both presi- 
dents. he had found both 
sides “more eager for peace 
negotiations than is generally 

He would not be drawn on 
wheiher he thought Washing- 
ton was acting as an obstacle 
to peace in the two countries. 
But he did note that further 
US aid to the anti-Sandinista 

Contras, as President Reagan 
is proposing, would make 
peace more difficult. 

Mr Carter also said he had 
found El Salvador's revolu- 
tionary leaders - some of 
whom he met here on 
Wednesday - to be much 
more moderate and reason- 
able than he had been led to 
believe by their enemies. 

Earlier on Wednesday, af- 
ter meeting Mr Carter, lead- 
ers of Ei Salvador's FMLN- 

FDR rebel organization said 
President Duarte had recently 
turned down a proposal for 
reopening peace talks. 

One specific proposal 
which the rebels said Senor 
Duarte had refused to discuss 
was putting an end to 
guerrilla sabotage, which has 
had a crippling effect on the 
Salvadorean economy, in ex- 
change fora halt to bombings 
by the US- supplied Air 

a common 

From Bailey Morris 

Latin American nations 
have arranged an emergency 
meeting later this month to 
develop a common strategy 
towards the regroa's mount- 
ing debts problem, and the 
special difficulties of Mexico, 
which has been hardest hit by 
the collapse of oil prices. 

Foreign ministers of eight 
Latin American com 
after meeting Mr George 
Shultz, the US Secretary of 
State, said yesterday they 
would convene a s pedal 
session of the II -nation 
Cartagena Group in Uruguay 
at an unspecified date later 
(his month. 

Hie group said that falling 
commodity prices and the 
recast drop in oil prices had 
stretched their economies to 
the limit, provoking growing 
political unrest and patting in 
doubt their collective ability 
to repay the region's £360 
billion (£250 billion) debt 
Officials con fi r m ed that the 
meeting had been called at 
the special request of Mexico, 
which reportedly plans to 
propose a programme for 
itself which the others will be 
asked to support. 

SeOor Enrique blesias, 
Uruguay's Foreign Minister, 
acts as secretary of the 
Cartagena Gump, which has 
criticized the industrialized 
nations* global debt strategy 
The group last met in 
December, and demanded at 
least doable tbe $29 billion 
assistance proposed by Mr 
James Baker, the US Trea- 
sury Secretary, in the new 
debt strategy be announced 
four mouths ago. 

At that time, before the 
sharp drop in oil prices, the 
group said that without great- 
er assistance Latin American 
countries would be forced to 
reduce their debt payments 

Mexico has already indi- 
cated that it will be unable to 
meet payments this year on 
its $97 billion debt, and 
Venezuela, which owes an 
estimated £35 billion, has 
also been hard hit. 

Officials of tbe main indus- 
trialized countries have been 
resisting proposals, fashioned 
largely by Mexico, for inter- 
est rate concessions which 
they fear could lead to a 
collective request for a mas- 
sive “writedown** of the loans 
to about 77 cents on tbe 

Lange rules out a 
British request 
for warship visit 

From Richard Long, Wellington 

Britain's chief of defence 
staff. Admiral of the Fleet Sir 
John Fieldhousc. who arrives 
in New Zealand today for a 
six-day visit, will not be 
bringing any request for a 
visit by British warships. Mr 
David Lange, the New Zea- 
land Prime Minister, said last 

Mr Lange agreed that New 
Zealand's ban on visits by 
nucicar-powered or nuclear 
weapons carrying warships 
would probably be a leading 
topic of discussion during the 
admiral's visit, but he said 
Sir John was familiar with 
the policy and would not be 
asking for a visit by a British 

“Wc know he won't be. 
because the Prime Minister 
of Great Britain has said that 
no such visit will take place 
under New Zealand's policy, 
and we are not proposing io 
change the policy." Mr Lange 

Britain adopts the same 
policy as the Ltaited States in 
neither confirming nor deny- 
ing that its warships carry 
nuclear weapons. 

A British task force is 
expected to visit Australia 

later this year, as well as 
taking part in exercises in the 
Pacific, and New Zealand 
anti-nuclear groups have 
claimed that Sir John's visit 
could be connected with a 
request for a naval visit. 

Mr Lange agreed that the 
policy banning nuclear ships 
would be discussed with Sir 
John. “We will talk about it, 
but it won't be a matter of 
exposing him ‘ to a new 
concept or idea. He knows 
very well what the policy is. 
and he has not been unhelp- 
ful with respect to it. He 
hopes that we will have a 
settlement of the differences 
between the United States 
and New Zealand." 

Sir John Fieldhouse. who 
commanded the British task 
force during the Falklands 
war. will have talks in 
Wellington with Mr Lange 
and the chief of the New 
Zealand defence staff, and 
will attend a meeting of the 
New Zealand Defence Coun- 
cil. He leaves for Canberra 
on Wednesday where he will 
attend the Brilanz British- 
Australia-Ncw Zealand de- 
fence conference. 

rip open 

Bangkok (Reuter) - Heavi- 
ly-armed raiders boarded a 
Japanese container ship at 
sea and robbed it of thou- 
sands of dollars* worth of 
cargo in what shipping agents 
said was the third pirate 
attack this month in Thai 
coastal waters. 

Mr Mana Pbatharatham, 
general manager of Mitsui 
OSK Line (Thailand), which 
operates the 8. i SO- ton Pana- 
manian-registered Monte 
Ruby, said that an unknown 
number of armed pirates 
approached in a speedboat 
and boarded tbe ship about 
12 miles off Patiaya. The 
Bangkok-bound ship had left 
the Japanese port of Kobe on 
February 3. 

Captain Odolo Canonigo 
radioed for help, but the Thai 
authorities did not respond, 
according to the OSK official 
Mr Mana said the pirates 
broke the seals on 18 
containers and stole some of 
the Monte Ruby's cargo, 
mainly electrical goods and 
china ware. The IS unarmed 
crew were powerless to slop 

He said the pirate's boat 
was a speedboat of the type 
used by smugglers. 

US airline 
staff ‘in 
drug ring’ 

Washington (Reuter) -- Up 
to 50 employees of a leading 
US airline are expected to be 
charged with involvement in 
smuggling cocaine worth mil- 
lions of dollars from Colom- 
bia. A Justice Department 
source, announcing that an 
airline ring was about to be 
smashed, declined to name 
the carrier. 

But the chairman of East- 
ern Airlines, Mr Frank 
Borman, said later: “We do 
and will co-operate in every 
way with the authorities to 
make certain that none of our 
airplanes or our employees 
are involved in that trade.” 

Tbe Justice Department 
source said the Drug Enforce- 
ment Administration, a divi- 
sion of the department, had 
been investigating a leading 
US air carrier. 

Evidence of the cocaine 
smuggling is being presented 
to a federal grand jury in 

In conflict: Mr Donald Hodel (left) and the adviser he 
sacked, Mr Lee Iacocca, chairman of Chrysler. 

Statue chief removed 

Washington (Beater) - 
The head of the Statue of 
Lrberty-Ellis Island Centen- 
nial Commission was yester- 
day dismissed becanse of a 
potential conflict of interest. 

Mr Donald Hodel, the 
Interim’ Secretary, said he 
d ismi ssed Mr Lee Iacocca, 
chairman of the Chrysler 
Corporation, because be also 
headed the Statue of iiberty- 
Ellis .Island Foundation, a 
private group 

Mr lacocca's private foun- 
dation advises the department 
on the award of construction 
contracts for restoration 

Mr Iacocca , credited with 
resurrecting Chrysler from 
the brink of bankruptcy a few 
years age, responded angrily 
to his sacking. Mr Hodel's 
statement “was off the wall 
and in dear contradiction of 
the facts." 

For around the price of a charter you 
could fly Air Canada on a scheduled flight. 

And you won’t pay a penny more for drinks and 

in-flight entertainment. Send the coupon below for our 
1986 Brochure and compare our special Maple Leaf 
feres. Or call your travel agent or Air Canada direct! 

‘AIR CANADA 140-144 Regent Street, London Wl. 01-759 263 6 
Manchester 061-236 9111. Birmingham 021-643 9807 Glasgow 041-332 1511. 

Name (BLOCK capitals please » 


MAY 2 TO OCTOBER 13. 1986. 


Zj* isS£> 

r^' rat «S 

f n P°h e S 




' ■ >!} 
■•'v. *V 

•: ? w * 

• ::*j ' r r 
- .. k 


•’ "" “ 

•r-. ' • v ; • •• .* , 1.-;^ , v- r . ; . •: -*yy. v yV'-V. 

; >■ ,v 


rhief remove: 

They say life begins at forty 
Not so long ago, thats about when it ended 

Today, when someone dies in their forties, 

we all say how tragic it is that they should die 
so young 

And yet back in the last centuiy it was 
common-place to be attending a funeral of a 
person in their forties. 

The average life expectancy was, after all, 
just forty-two. 

Of course, apart from 
poor hygiene and sanitation, . 
there was no immunisation 
against polio, diphtheria 
tetanus, mumps, measles, 
whooping cough or 
German measles. 

No real treat- 
ment for tuberculosis* 
diabetes, kidney failure 
high blood pressure, heart 
disease, iijcers, skin disease 
or asthma. ; 

No antibiotics such as 
penicillin to fight infectious 
diseases. , 

And serious smallpo 
epidemics were frequent 

Nowadays we take it for 
granted that all these con 
ditions can be treated. 

Why animals are vital 
to research. 

It is thanks largely 
to the breakthroughs that 
have been made through 
research which requires 
animals, that most of us are 
able to live into our seventies 

Over the past fifty years, 
the medicines and vaccines jHnti 
that have been developed 
from such research, have 
saved the lives of over half 
a million infants arid child 
ren in Britain alone. 

Smallpox has been 
eradicated worldwide. And 
trials of malaria vaccine may 
also soon lead to the control 
of this lethal fever. 

Although we can now treat many cancers, 
heart disease, rheumatism, arthritis, diabetes 
and asthma there is still a need for safer and 
belter medicines. 

And of course, diseases such as multiple 
sclerosis, cystic fibrosis, musculai dystrophy. 


senile dementia and AIDS desperately need 
more research. 

Its not just people who benefit. 

Yet people areri t the only ones who benefit 
from medical science. Research on animals has 
led to many advances in veterinary practice. 

Dogs can be protected against distemper, 
parvo virus, hepatitis and 
' kidney disease. 

Cals are immunised 
against enteritis and cat flu. 

And more research is 
needed to solve numerous 
diseases which afflict 
farm animals. 

i on 
■n of 
c first 

?f s ' 


: del 

- JE' ■< 

TIajpTV VCttZs (fti/ieet +ruMAfiu*£hS) Afct. 

Among those who 
supervise research on - 
animals are qualified 
veterinary suigeons; they 
along with their colleagues 
care about the welfare of . 

Though they care for ani- 
mals, naturally they also care ~ 
for people. That is why they 
use animals in research. 


Animal rights or human jJJ 


. HIJ 

Although millions, of : 
pounds are being spent to 
discover alternatives to S 

using animals, few of the ** 

techniques developed — 

can replace animals com- 
pletely in the discovery 
and safety testing of 

. »up 

new medicines. 


Until we find an equally 
valid way of testing medicines 
for safety and efficiency, ani- 
mals have to be used. 

The ABPI believes that 
we do not have to choose 
between animal rights or 
human ills. With the right 
kind of approach, both can 

The new legislation can 
improve the care and welfare — 
of research animals, without hindering the — 
advance of medicine. 

Perhaps by the end of the century, with the 
help ofmedical research, people will then/v 
be saying something a little different, fall ml 

That life begins at sixty? 


sA c 7 , . w 

. >' j. • 

S - '.r~ 







you 1 uveyovt jtovfc yw< lusvE 1 



TO * TWTT mmr Horaigjn 

\VTl r» ’JTfSrr jw '0«»IV-lul dl 


,r« r- -or^ffswl 10 or With 

jL VOLE - T« rrs watt, *tM- ji* 
ldP> MM r il 1 ^ * , 0‘5 S P B i. 

d.k.TTav .ts llMse o*ar necs 
■ulrtw' wn « h« p PiCC* 



KNICKERS Imf you j pound « 

sugar .'glw 

SUSIE FOXX Us no) nuile 
Mqm* rnor* in Ihr ski- V 1 J [ 
mum Uw» M>n)r Itul 

WvU jrl TOM WMI tKIOll'd 

soui rov 

JANE- Mi ter r will late »i» 

monirp Hrfo romn* ^upimpr 
CHRIS I’m locking lorxjra lo inn 
umcm Happy Sdnuinn. 

odd nnlo^ briHpi'n friends 
Huff's ro bring Loons toorfher 
soon Ctedlre and oodles o' 
rjiono*. Panda 

linos. All .my losf. from 
v» iqv>am' 

Lose Sou An* as s Lff Iron) 
The T aolv 

A-T.N. I Mill Hre sou AFT 
MRS VOLE Anclhrr j oar of fra 
Imre and ariii iiios Hapes 
Anns mark Mr \ 

John S 

PAULINE, I loir \ou ■ Vli»f 
COLLETTE. A I 'houoti I am lar 
away m\ losino hrari is dl 
nasi vsilh sou 

DAVID LOVES MARY and mil do 
lot l fur) i si or. more \rdrs 
MY DARLING Mow | loir SOU. 

V our Rail* 

VALOR olim ralonfiratsil iw 
Amnr lui v mi'll omnia Lifftno 
r«n , ifs| d rn ronlirrro 
JJt. OCCIDENT cypress points at 
innvbruri Murh loir T 
SWEET BA BT The slrmalh I mv 

loii" is nnrrsrli [vr>oorliondl lo 
ifir syunh of wjbmk uiln me 
Sms* Honrs Bark From Ibr 
Pus el VlOndpr 

CATHERINE. Serrv I'm no use 
Jusl ioip sour com park Che*. 
Irr Bear 


like t-aisno fd«oS at ani lime 
bul isporialiv on isinaav 

DARLING Dofpnm Four man* (dr 
a ptihi half dorm Generally 
i ours 

SUSAN Vm lour man All my 
love Your partner 
MY FRtCND OR Our Lids and Si 
Thomas Thank s ou lor ino 


>.imr wor .is I loir loti 


SHORTY sour drfmalrls Iraehers 
pri sui behind aiirr wnool ■ 
loir you lots S 

V*La*ts*rft.«*a,. ai firmly m» 
mi sunshine if ban P 
loir From sour IVSI 
EIGHT lfir» onr Beverley 
TO GREEN MAN uuh qrrrn 
wellies Mwn «" r ih.. Badrdas 
Olnr ;r«»dk 

BOINC, BOINC. torn Brian Mr 
all loir iou‘ Bony. Vladimir 
and Diana 

LOVE IS whai-s there wtven you 
arr away from mi* as rv rr Loi r 

THE WICCLER.LPi r sou always 

HELLS PAULY, I loir- iou very 
murh N Ou arr m> or ram com* 
Irur Loir Elly \ 

SEVEN, Loir rv saying -No 10 U 
ivn rn'i* Oh no* to mu hair- 
MARJIE, mv swrrinrarl. I Mill 
ropi&arr user lo a summon, . 
dav . MKhari. 

LET'S I ren il up for rirr AU our 
Mir MM and Vlandr 
JOYCE BELL, Happi Valentine* 
Dav. V our ci rr loving ' 

MN Oh Naul an N.IUI Bat Naul TO MY BARLING lugwnnnl 

Hal Bat haul. Bal haul. Bal 
Nam I L M N 

Autenan. all ms loir 
Cheltenham mouse 


OLD ORIGINAL loi re lo nunlr up ( MRS Chapirr I S Mantra Luw S 

1,1 ms lavourde lilllr irwil 
aflup fl 

CHARLOTTE. I nr wraiher is 
ia, r ii wish iou were hrrr 
murh loir *11 

SUNLIT PLAINS rail ri rr rn and 
ran and will br rrarnrd M 

DARLING Ooawraih. Mill br 

Mrna yrks renewal Loir 
Crier vours Ever Onward, loir 

HUNBUN. loir iou forrirr and 
ri rr darling Hugs and kisses, 
murk f arr isv 

JC, JC. v ou mean so murn lo mo 
lar now and always ■ Andv 



missing iou handies comeback I SUSIE. Vos and No?? Vsilh murh 

seen Itwo Hunrnoarl 

k>io I mm Hr Mho Corks Gorm 


d.'iriino Loir Tom Oscar 

Slumps and Ihr Lrp* 
SIOBAHN, I ioWLs and rosrs. Bou 
uu-fs and postns. Ur Kim within 
Noll* rw cm lumper 
ALISON BY SEAS now- walrr. 
imf iou this i rar and for rirr 


Loir iou lor rirr rondcsl 
|nir DarK 



Only lafrnunr Long John 

RAINBOW Why nol ukr up my 
Share offer loo? SEW PIC 
sal announrrmmi on Ihis dai « 
llval I Love sou Pelrr Hum* 
DEAR LONDON LAD. slill think 
oi iou LFH Cumbrian Lars* 
I'll always loir your Vs innie 
All my loir Piglet J sn 

JANE THANKS lor rv erUhing f ROGER. There's no surn place as 

{urtn-niariy our vm. AO my 
love Paul 

BLUE EYES saung all mi loir 
inr iou N'rllie 

iaraway. AU mv Kne hair. 
JULIE I TRULY Mi* vow You arr 
mi' one and only Valmlinr 

. mi v aleniinr. swrri as I PEARL my Valentine for all vra 

tnvnm. iwjuliful and Sind loir 
is special. espeoaUv with mu. 
so alwav* remember Henry 
liny you. . 

sons and I Mur you dearly 

BOO BOO will love tier hero lor 
rirr and ever and ever 

HEDGEHOG. Lets hope Soring 
romes early mu year Always 
s ours Moke 

BARRY. I've found something 
much belter man raw mush 
rooms I hope u lasts longer loo. 

ME. THE LUMP lOOMfMT wmi be 
lei and pog Uunk you are 
wonderful. I fusJ wish you 
would slop being nek 

MY FIANCEE, my darling pnn 

rres. I lose you fores er xvxx 

DEAREST OAVtD. <s n you or is it 
sou? Loir Biddy bum 

MICHAEL: Just a Kos Jusl a 
Mine you're gelling lo or a 
ham wuh me. kne you very- 
mum - JACKIE. 

JOANNE, mine love lor thee 
sealed with a Valentines day 


KEITH Loves tns cuddly preg- 
nant sniggle Andnsa 


PIGLET. Be my valentine. I want 
ini very murn. love you. 

POOHY. id years of unbounded 
loir and Hirer pigfets Love 
you pig 

MY ESSENTIAL m girth rose you 
has e tamed me Ihr iiulr prince 

JOANNA on the piano, lose you 
alums Paul. lux. PJ Bessie. 

MARKEE - Enrol erf Use starters. 

now tor ihr main course 1 
DEAREST MIN. at last I know 
wnai lose a really like 
TO RUTHY sriin all my Wsp Out 
ptraw* please piease slop calling 
me l*x>h poohV 

CHRIS NINBL gums who ■ Larry 
Graham much kne L C 

alwavv W Bean. 


goes serasrh. bile, claw ? 
George loses Ann 
ANNE: At lifts'-lisr. my lovr's still 
alive.. Peter 

BOREO There's alwavs some- I KCTTH A hfe wvtheul Sol e. with 

ihmg magic. There's alwavs 
something new And when vou 
reads really nerd it me most 
Itsrn null when -pock IS- Roll 
“ Dreams come through. 
• fhrougm Miranda 
L EE Bony BBS Bonry 
You're my VI M M B B B Beau 

out the presence nf lt»e beloved 

IS nothing Sally 
WV My Darling I Lose you 

BfimtE - Wilt* vrsi m blooming 
hraifn and the golden egg ab-?ul 
io be laid ] 38© » iu oe the wa 
\"ar »ef AD kne ■ Dick. 

Gdttsuntuan mucft an B l ilw svv l ROSES are tea. viotw*, ter blue 
will I Vou're simoie. rm bubble and I 

PATRICIA Thank iou mv dar 

taVro^C Jnd ' l ° ,, ‘ i0 " ANPHE • Beautiful al all timev j ou 

J” ™ . are. beauMd you w* remain 

DEAREST SMANTHA. Love lo forever I lose you 
Lose sou. always kne JOB molaRA. wnu ins els saimiine 

ling Barley ana Link- Ted add TOM *- Fixsn your Iroubie and 
tneir kne lo muse John I To me lo*e of my life 

SASSY, mv darling Sabby. iou 
arc mi V aleniinr I lose you al- 
ways. Charles 

MY DARLING Cm Los *i*g hold- 
ing on All mv lose k'nsy Face 
BRIGHT EYES . Los r is a funny 

i lung Please keep ia ironing 
eternally Karel 

YES ITS MOf- Fmgrrs ires 
crossed lor bOPi and 10? 

aireadv Only' desrn weeks lo 
go Simon 

Your* Ugly Bud 

ELIZABETH. Jusl because I now 
know I kn r i ou. no obtioaliora. 

ME02Z2C2 Mama Mav will be 
mv dream oi many colours M 
loses M 280 TB© 

HILARY- Los r and i funks lor I he 
nest years of mv lifr Mick 

BARBARA TANNER WappuM is ( GUDDLECHOPS I lose vou much 

vi onderful but not as wonderful 
as you Les on 
TWEET IE PIC You are ursl 
burned Herbs* and His Dad 

more man awfully and us gel- 
ting worserer 

FAVAL - its chile without you All 
mv love 

PATKMCE I do lot e vou 
And will till | pm grey 
So best lo gel a mote on 
11 could happen any day Ned 
RJ 1 JL- Happy v aim lines Day I 
lose you burkrfs PB 
MJJL Lose and deiouon lo my 
dearesi wife vours for es rr 

and lourh and lose you 
lorrser Vourv always 


PUFFER and supper mas be. Mar 
ro Polo deiinairlv mi m> true 
Imr its 

GJLLY: congrats on your second VICKI, mv lose for you grows 

animersary Lose. Douglas. 
sam Emma sally. Cisansma. 
Dommus EmmachKken 
SUZANfCj'Science and Nature'- 

slronwr Always yours. 
Suurl *rsvx 

AJJH., m kn * | ou more [onsor - 
row Ihan Ido today lose Clare 

EN CHERCHANT Ion amour ne 
rlwrrhr-s plus' Bien our mes 
mens scan beefs, men amour 
Esl sraimeni Hrmef Je I'adore. 
mon hero Mon ct*r\ aiirr ou 
prill rnaleau. darling darling A 

MOPPY: To lose and be kneo 
your Lile's sweet purpose al 
ways BIMMY 

TO SAUY-ANN. I lose you now 
an always, slay dose CaUum 

are. tyaulnul you »S 1 remain 
forever I lose you 
MOLARA. Whal kn Hs talenline 
vouare The brsi rs vei lo come 
IRB. you're totally gorgeous and 
smarter than chunky chicken 
wicked Lose Am 
STEVE -Vou ran slap on my 
Ifnqn anytime ALL MY LOVE 

NOWROD. To thank vou some 
glamorous events sorrowfully 
missed inrough mtsimormation 

PEN - k nenes er you run low net 
remember a PhH is close by 
TWA - I'd 91 ie you my Iasi Roto 
ansiim d 

BETTY - now we are three with 
new adventures in store My 
lose for you grows deeper and 

ABSENCE MAKES nibeoark . 

lo 'fonder' you t o morrow • 
Love Pelrr 

DUCKIE • ik hou ro seel tan iou. 

ik ben ro Mv met iou. Penguin 
SPANKER - Nunc vm qum amor 
esl A4 infinitum Poodle 
MAUREEN - use longer I know 
vnss use more I love you B. 
TINY BABY soueaky souirrel 
mother of incredibly dnboiy 
rub much lose M 
SOUIDCE. my- Valenitne Happi 
Anniversary. Eruov the parly 
Please hue caterer Bukta 
CRACKEE Frrai al the v ery lop ol 
me tree 

NICHOLAS loves Surpnvmg. L tv 
holding. Embracing. 

Sustaining, iniotwng Helping. 
And Rrfishing Dearest You 

Tar your kyvc and your care 
and your rourage. I love you 
From the Push cal of Tirkley 
Paw Manvionv 

TO HAT AND RUMP sixpence is 
oiferixt dans payment* Oi 
slamn nq order 

LITTLE ONE - lose iou forever 
and no luU stops ■ Steve 
ANGIE, I am being sen vers 
naughty again, lots oi lose 
HAVE DECIDED lo renew 
licence u ill sou marry nve 
Mantlpr alwajvF 
CAROL. SAME message as lavi 
sear, same forever all mv lose. 

UNCUS LOVES Petal « wappnw 


BISHOP, many towt renun-. 
and all* as v rm love Rat ©III 


bum i* of hones Cotim 

-1^7- , . 1 w« :i ope© up c« eyes and vw 

DOC. FROM DONCASTER inks , I rv world we Ihrxioni Ml far 

living log lire lo complete lhal j j-»ay Sours lorn cr Wain Bag 

tosi no ferfi ng » TAJ(rn( Vou rrw wind be 

■ © MJOOINC Unpalnaji Mam I pram rm ■k-ros >our Forrm 1 

rthfrv * A>.. N ium .iv 

‘ Man sorma/s 


Air m> hj\p j *TTTtr h ^r»c eicvtin* 

Ponwfl j rm9 fo nunr nip 

WILD HUNG sends loi e ip his [ |£ IT A CRIME? My nope h I ha) 

lavounle person 

Ms hope pareons me 

BOY. vdu'd ium like lo Think rd y T _ Hjppy tmihday dar (mg lei's 

DA RUNG TONTO. I miss vour 
k rises until lonnW kne you 
Sum. Sausage 

DarSac of ms lur Mary lo vou. 

ms Ipi e Das id 
TO PUSSY purr purr, purr Lose 
A sxv 

lei art Lose you. your Pooh 
CLARE I kn e latino you in fo ar- 
touni. Tim (he media trend* . 

WORM *• * 


CURLY The one I love most !as 
steeping t*v me and I way hap 
ps- M ignis Mouse 
MR. SNUGFIT - Lose you Rirrr 
and more all mi k)lC Susie 
MEDDLES. I lave vou and I rare ■ 
for ever and a dav Meddles 
MY OVfM DEAR Xaieminr Will 

| be 13 lose lores er 1 Pise sou 
j Iron Renkagm Brorkenhurvf 
j SG0S79 OR MS ynu wi|i aiw j\y 
I be Puss Lose Terry 
l Suxpence you to*e mm nom 
: i he Skanvwagv iss» • 
i TO THE LOVE of my hie Darling 

! ' Suh s Ou will alwavs be mine 
DEAREST Camfiaae I tote sou 
more man ever vours alum s 
. Losing Rvreerivpv . 

miss you sorely-. Your aiwasv j TIGCEX. THROUGH our winter 
losing Huii I yearning lor spring, an rnolrss 

SISTER Of Perpetual Indulgence j ROGER All ms soeriallovr fores- 

ail ms iurru-a nuers and kisses - 

KAEB. Darling Vaieniine 
Anaiv and a rhsme in (he 

vsiin AXIL in* Frog 
WHAT COLOUR did vou say (he 
new- p*droom camel wav mi 
Inv e’- 

er. Ours oi Qimlinr 
whirnner you prefer 

BATHSHCBA. H*rr d you need 
me Tanner 

TO MY GOOSE. Our H>s e » fores 
rr - Ah-aiv sour mouse 

RICHARD -You're ihr only one 
as far as we know 

JO. Dreamer (hough I be iou are TO ALtSOM-Thank you lor whal FOR SITE a Reeling rrfleriKMi MT BELOVED Raulw. hold UgtsL 

mv Vaieniine don I you see 

' or * MMy mam l.rue TO Bt tMUM StnU rwuh.lto Mirtke^ Lo, e L toLs trim COW you mean so mum lo me 

- .... 

dairy have i gor?Lose Mark 
NO LONGER my dragon. bul my 

a happy s aleniinr. all my loir, 

was. whal is and always will 
be Lose Graham 

besmoked sober Ruggalhlrle 

forever Your I LIBBY : I love you w very dearly 

AF.t. - Despite eseryining you I COULD CLIMB every mountain 

SmjCCLEBUG. what's mis tiling 
caikM loir’ Fin-3 oul Icnighl* 
Lose lores er is k 

SJLMJN. A ONE learner desired 
by Irving archill*.- 1 inr lasling 
rornance R J C 

I. FRED. our loi r w ill be fores er. 
i our*. Fred 

BERNADETTE 'Craim Dir lanetn. 
allhoiMh apart from sou seni 
ok vi is orum sours ran 

remain my penert Lover A Val- 
entine • J 

bul love only one Slagheap 
huos kisses a in Krone 

SUSIE MY DARLIHC bean Sum THIRTY YEARS next how lime 

lour York yiudenl daughter 
ROSEMARY auuHC l'm tosl in 
the dark ronlinenl wxihoul you 
Please send self soonest Lov e 

■NANA • True lose for ev ermore 

mv dearesiiovn my love lam- 
er peter 

passes Love you slill men with 

EDNA I will Love You unlit (he MY DARLING ZOC ukase be my 

Shamrocks Loose then Green 
LOVE: 'Dteu is mon droit ausa 
Beni soil aui turn y pens* ' 
SIMON FRANCIS. nave a won- 
derful Valentine's Day. with 
Ml* of lose. Jackie 

“sT^f,rEir~A,wrs n «**> 

STEVE Ihr best handsomest and 
rles eresi husoand aid taiher 
we could possible want Love 
Tins A Junior 

in Vleial Mir key » grip bul I slUI 
Idle smj 

BIG TEDDY los e» mile leddy The 
re* I ry sense rvd 

DADDY-Vsr lose you madly - 
Your oirKThe Tarl ana Ihe 

DEAREST BOOBS Thanks for the 
Iasi in e years Love vou al 
was s bimbo 

•WOOF WOOF so who is vour 
laiounle pupp> mon prill rhou 
IIput' 1 ' 

Vaienfin* lodas atti loreser. 
for mv lo* e lor you orowx 
slrnpger eserv day we ate 10 - 
gemer. ERL 

HOPING lo share mam moments 
alone w>ih jou in sour lender 

AUNTIE L. Lois of loir from spur 

ROSES ARE RED soldiers are 
blue ■ another ijlrnnne's da) 
wunoui you Barry 

TO POOCH.'T Love V ou". Happy 
V alenline's Day From 'Frock' 

BIG Ihe Old police ar lor promises 
JCB no* and ipremr 

STAREYES: To me. you were 
waier in ihe d*u*n Nol only 
beauliful hul Irsj* To learn io 
reiurn lo Ihe dev-rl again won 
mil wal*r rs hard Lore. Toni 

POOH DARLING. i-nT a nnse lor 
a I line someinusq again? 
SUZANNE : ‘Soenre and nature' 
i or a rheesc how mans Mile 
nairi haie I goi? Lose. Mark 
D.G ie l ensoie lev ores bisous H 
l embras** dr loin Soir mon 
s al* Mine 

SWEETPEA. Twinkle or Slrnker 
Parrs aw.uls When and wfra? 
I LOVE YOU Harel How aooul 
dinner at u heelers. Beacons 

find I will be home at ? IS pm 
WITH Lose and besi w cities lo 
soul Vaieniine 

SABSY. mv darling Saoby. you 
are ms Vaieniine llosryoual 
was* Charles 

MY OARUMG Or.. Losing hold 
mg cm All mv lose liissy Fare 
BRIGHT EYES - Lose k a funny 
thing Please keep laughing 
eternally Hairt 
YES ITS MOL Fingers Im 
crossed fur 80m and IO 2 
ANGELA. m-lSWfC YOL madly 
alreaos eleven weeks lo 
go Sif '-. 

PATIENCC i ,«o lose you 
And wui im | am grey 
So besi lo grf a move on 
II could happen any cay Ned 
R-fLB.- Happy Valentines Day. I 
love »ou buckets -P B 
MJJL Love and devolion to my : 
dearest wile Yours toe ever. I 

and touch and love you 
loreser Yours always 


PUFFER and supper maybe. Mar- 
co Pot© definitely nol my kne 
love yes 

EW CHERCHANT ion amour ne 
there!*** ptusi Bten due me* 
mo is sonl bn*fs. mon amour. 
EM vraimenl Memel. J* I'adorr. 
mon nero. Mao chevalier du 
peui chateau, darling darling A. 
■Marbrey' Los* U kn* front 
your York student daughter 
GARFIELD FREAK, here's to 
many more la sagnes and chiUH. 
your pandaJover. 


GOOSEY-GOOSEY, your wider 
will wander ihe worM srftth 
you. Love S 

MY DARLING Mrs E2B. happy 
Valentines Day 1986. June sev- 
raih arid for always. 

EMU JANA : I do kne you. CoUl 
won B*wgar say* Hrtto 

thing magic There* always 

v aleniinr lor ever. I loir you 

DOTH THOU think lhai HI forgef 
I her all ihr toy that wre have 
known? BALL 

JAMES • ran w* sun ive Ihe Iran- 

ulicn? Meanwhile be your 

Landlady's Vaieniine today 

GOOSEY-GOOSEY, your gander 
will wander (he world with 
vou Lose S 

MV DARLIHC Mrs C2B. happs 
Vaieniine* Day 1 98© June sev- 
min and lor always 

bee SOU fain Lose John 

AQUARIUS 'Now and Forever' - 
a no wr all said. Oh’ Vxri) I nri 
er Did ) ou ever know :r»u 
adoring as magical Pussy 
Mrs! Of alee* 

OL (IN IO? a good buddy your 
bid irom Amenra lo plug my 
leak thwarted by limes un- 
•cHindis bell mine bark my 
Penquin suited loser and share 
once more our whirlwind 

trapped in tiait-j 
Tom a*wa*s le> c*. \ou 

spring a close The losing pro, 
Imof Humus 

AMOR VINCir Omnia Ms lose I CRIKAKOZtorbngl 

EMU JANA s I do love vou Colli *** P. AU my kup Boo 

woo Bewgar says Hello 

DARLING Mrs Sonin 1 ' This rs mirl GRUFF GRUFF, growl growl. 

something new And when you { DtLLY, love you more now Vtsan 

year With all my lose B-8) 


T Merpxis* . 21st June rani 
come loo soon - Trgger 

ream really need u rne most, 
then lhai's when "Rocs n- Roll 
Dreams come through, 
■through, Miranda 
LBJL Bonn B B B Bonn- 
you're my M M M B B B Beau 
lif ill Bon? 1 and I lose your 
bcliom too 

ever Dciore. pom. lewis, ser- 
pent. spurn 

TO HEIDI my fax ounie I 
Dobermann Pmcher’ I lose you . 
a lor A K D 

ANDY EVANS. Thanks tor In* 
sears, see you us Hats'. Lose 

_______ . .. , .. , . 1 MUNCHY. I Could never manage 

GARFIELD FREAK. Iwres ^ ro I wiihoul i our love Cm and too- 

many more lasagnes and chillis, 
your panda- loser 


DUREST SMANTHA. Love to p,NK TEDDY loses Woolly Per- 

Lose you. always Mse you 
Your* Loir Bug 

son and sends turn buckets of 
Mse always 

ELIZABETH, JUSI necauv I now ELIZABETH Wlvne schooling Im 

know lloieyou. no obbgalMie 

proses daily May she keep up 
the good work Harry. 

MEOZ12U Kami May wdl be POLAR BEAR. Budapest was eas- 
mv dream of many colours M Lose you always and 

loves M 280-8o forever 

HOARY- Lot e ana thanks tor Ihe FSCLET - I lose you- Good luck 

ir Piinrhy 

NLKH5KJ - 3.000 miles cannot 
separaie you from my thought* 

- Vernon 

WCHELt DORE. 1 kne vou. Al- 
ways nave Always will David 

TO TMU from once a fallen 

MY DARLING eiko sama happy , 

loi ever ic-ursOarfina adOTable 

HOT PUSSY - huos and suses 
Wilh All mi los i* SUH boy. 

You'll aiwais be 
mv las ouriie tune girl 

l our doll with all mv love 

lodas tomorrow as wed and es 
penally the day after Simon 

aching need J 

ONCE - Last year's- qenoinr 
inend ha* become utrs lejrs 
mrreasingtr broeot wemhey 
Lff C IS but cure tqjl to> e is fores ■ 
et . Oar hearts are one 
! EJLB.-KET you don't spot m K 

j Com,, fun all Mse Irom Y B 

| J - EVEN at '.H vou ar* «m mv 
j V aicnitne Bogeyman 

( CURLY HAHt snons » Kaw-e n 
Mawey kiY 'In in lose wun 
(tug"' • 'Em 

I MARION - Lrl 'S go lo San ox 
J bring nr* i our pyunsav 

JENNY - 'L*anr nol mjo mtsiero Ir f BOOK WORD, be m> valentine 



nicer man the fuml wine 
tagod Worm 

SjG. Ni MY head and m my heart I SHCHJL My Yaienuie for A2 

MY DARLING WB r.mxuirani 
Fi*h eogfe lenrs you Spud Of 
stulame In es 

N.J. NAPPY Aniusersary I love 
n'wove ioa Hugs kisses 
n'cuddies J B 

KATE -I slill think y-nu'rr 
grral.vour loving mate 


LOTS ANO LOTS ol pasuonaie 
Mse and kisses in a yummy 
Woorle* Irom me oennous 

alwavs. Scflnuflrln 
MANDER Los r and kim salr 

RWJC- darling. Yon are ever in 

yrarx i remain sour ever actor 
mg Mir bad 

DC sour Mile One tales you. 
oieoxe come nome There's 
plenty of soup 

mv Draughty Only 15 6d*vsfo PENNY SJUICY IS NOW YOUR 

go mum Hugs for small J 
KATHERINE. Hateatoiefydav 
Loir you always Your friendly 
bulc her 

name and ( would do n all 
aoaux Love from Alan 

LINDSEY I lose you Ko prue*_ 

CLAD and Nad record rny tote to VICTORIA - Exen on Valentine* 

THANKS for ihe good times 
we'se xtad RuLh. I lose you ■ 

NETTY Pieaie slant your seeps in 
my tunnel Tim 

JEAN. The nears and I send an 
cur love Picnic soon? Richard 

Georoie* coming cluirladv n* Orchard Day. yorrre more than words 

LOTS ANO LOTS of passionate surrounded Dy ftoweri can wre XW 

Mie and kisses in a yummy *■*/ BEAN. Have paUrnre v . , 

Uoo?les from me dennous ,m aa ™ eserslfung for us COS I I4JVS YEH! So do Jo Baton 

■n Lose. fill. Bean and the Boss 

SCHELAY TMt FROC LOVES OEJW SWEET CHARITY. Fie “CQ - it's a year since the Iasi 
> OL many more w hilt* carnation* if ■ . . „ . _ "’IT ,\° <l 

JULIA happs valentines an mv i0,J W1 “ aftrl " '"«» • To me. ^ /" 

* sou-re dance Ins looks ton* n *’ , ° me Pest kip eve. lose 

COS I LOTS YEH! So do Jo Bal do 
and the Bess 

JULIA hasps valentines an mv 10u * 1 " af,rW "«» • To me. 

love Oiiis jourr dance irn. looks irn' 


son Jean Hamondgr Aloon ~hnnMpwbmhmm 
J ean Hambnoge I lui V ous U »"■! ' M M Yel -Tei -i ^ 

talc mine's Dai. Mis of lose 

Roiec vs oof wool HNfnQij 

ALL MY LOVE To j.ll A S.lser 
vaieniine lor ?5 Haros Years «» f M ky SyJf / 

me with losing wishes former 

sour Chubby Chops. Huobv MMK Vjf.m. - ^PmS 

PATTI Mi Edinburgh s'* eel lady. SJKIml 
1 Lcn e l ou Dooo j j aB JlgMj 

sou and vour inend MmSI 

Cum annul sou Ooc-d Luck ai 
Rirhmond Blur Eyes 
POOPIE - I know i don't left you 

nearlv as much as l should J3ul l 
do lose iou Y our*, rpreier. 

H'llk-w . 

FOR ANN0U5KKA. Judy. Ju]> 

rile Lihbs and Purdre M g's LODE; lose is a lock that Imkelh 

ZTZtr z::,r r you * 

A super nurse 

“eto r vorl 1 ar W ^ n<,,ni eWYNETH: For neen.y years as 

oesi sears « ms life Mick 
MOPPY: To loir and be loved 
your Lite's sweet purpose al 
wass BIMMY 

TO SAU.Y-ANN, 1 use you now 
an always, slay rlose. Cal Ium 
JO, Dreamer though I be you are 
mv V almlirie don't you see 
COW you mean so murh lo me 
See sou taler Lose John 
AQUARIUS 'Now and Forever' - 
and we all said On* Well I nes 
er Did you ever know a cat so 
adoring as mawal Pussy 

"■CHTTNCALE. I'm DARLING Mrs Smith" This is out 

<ra.-y about iou Good lurk al 
Richmond Blue Ew*S 
WORMY DOG Hi* to* rli*-j man 
in inr world love y iu Billion. 
SI .. ncsMe 


Pamela Hrlrnr.ek el Beer trim 
Ihr sasos R-xynead 
JEAN. Rom.'inlir notions not mi 
(in* Lxjeoi tor vou mv valrn- 

line B 

JACQllL '1.11b 1 Bjhs vou're n m 
aw ar* brolr n heorls can get re- 
paired Movin 

JEN iNLVs SLlviux'E V ERsJONi 
All my Ms e. darling lo the ne»i 

BARBARA. Once sou were ms 
vnr*ws now you are my lose 

MARY Mtfi leu n you. WiU you 
marry iw' JFH rGrumpyi 
SUE. Ten i ears lot mg you Long 
ing lor P*,| ruilure cuddle 
day Chris 

LIZA MY LOVELY gouopi kaurpi 
ms Itondhan kouppi I lov e i ou 
DP x\ 

VALENTINE wisne* from HPI 
1AA IO CCIV 9MQ Rather 
more al CMB 1HJ perhaps? 
SEBASTIAN ran'f o*ar lo be 
wnnoui sou EDwi^a xxx 
you BOin.dispne Lack of 
ueep Poon 

RESHMA I miss you. I Mve You I 
need you loo Terr Bind Ofu hva 
Jina? iSLRi 

KATE - LOVE you more than 
sou'll Irt me sas Crarsam 
TOPUE Waltypuw I lave and 
adore vou darling Cuddles lor 
ns er Y'our walls 
A.L.E : AU Ihe Pexi things are 
worm wailing lor I lose vou 
TO samOCY-POOH from Sony 
midi hi Ii All my love lor ever 
CAROLYN I promise I will always 
be there Lois of Lose NIGEL 

loir you loreser. DREW 

MDUU I knead sou Washing up 

was never so etiMyaW* Loi e R 

sear Wilh all my tote BrB 


the dork ronlinenl without you 
Please send sell soonest Love 


DIANA - True lo, e for es ermore ■ 

comma, comma, full slop, ex- 
da mutton mark? 

ROSALIND ■ sw-pene pie. Ihe 
Dvorak lives on 

BURP - A million T"s and Jag 
Alxyar Dig Heir Mil Hiaria 
HILJIRY r understand you more 
Ulan vou mink and I kne you 
more man you realise I lose 
»bu. Paul 

A8BY, Have a wonderful 
V alenline's Dav and I know y ou 
wui be a great skier. Lose 

SELINA, nothing's gonna change 
ms loieioriou Allen innately 
'■miri forever. 2T0I6A 
SALLY- Mill vau marry me 

CLITMEBOE. u look halt a life 
lime ii> lino you. kne you. 

BONNIE This is a classified Sr- 
rrel-i We miss s ou All Ihe bret I 

Lb 1 e Irom o ut ol rnn'rol XOX 

DR. PC PP1TY exrepiionally for- 
lunale having two darling 
vaieniine* • Mrs Porous a Wee 
Tnol Love you bom dearly 
EMLY - Ther ki»ml dew on chlU 
kinnixs I rum snli- livset ultry 


OUR MARY. You are ihr sun 
Vfnnr in mv lit* Lose it 
GL MB'.' 

SUSAN from one swan lo arraih 
I er Be mine W iiiiam 




TOGM I love -.ou Bath’s From 

Cirlie Girlie 

KEEP up him the r toe ken but no 
more Ihermotnelers Pirase Jim 

OLE EM ICT7A good buddy your 
DM Irom Amenra to plug my 
leak thwarted by tone* un- 
soundly bell come back my 
Peng urn staled lover and share 
once more our whirlwind 

ANNE BREAD P. AH mv Mve Bob 

GRRFF CHUFF, growl growl. 
Tforrpuss - 21*1 June ran'l 
come loo soon . Tigger 
MUNCHY. I could never manage 
wiuioul sour lose Gin and ion 
• r Punch) 

NUNSKI - 3000 miles cannot 
separaie you irom mv inoughis 
• V ernon 

PRIMROSE, may your bicycle 
never punnure and your flow 
rrx never will. 

DAVID, I can't beurse we're in 
lose all over again - loreser 
vour* Kay 

SOHCHJk JOONAM all my lose 
on nil* ihe day my sky Angel 
landed in my heart 
DARLING JANE, he my valentine 
and make lh*s hygiene engineer 
(he napoml roan in ihe world 
TO MY FAVOURITE tax expen 
be mine Lots of Mse. Devoted. 
SUZIL SPANNER pleas* 0* my 
valenton* and I'U bail* you for. 
ever Love Ken x 
CLAIRE • slid kne you Use same 
as ever. P 

NEIL - Mve and kne* Fai* 
DdDRE Darling, happy Valen- 
tine w-tui love from die Digger 
and to* Dad. 

AA lov e you always. Puppy eye*. 
POOH. MY CHERRIES love their 
ton especially on picnics ■ 

woof woof xxx 

HORNY.Never go away again. I 
mns you loo much' Love 
Philip XXX 

STRATFORD’S io** only kind 
even! in 1 985 Be my Ar! m 
Scene n Tut anew. Bertie DF. 
ANNE loves Pcler Raoei! xv\ 
OUR LIBRA MAN who spoil* us 

lor June. Answer usual request 

■ T 

CON TE ho realazaio ■ sogni 
d'argcnlo e slo rnanxzando 
ancts* null quetti d'oro 
JULES- Cm radiating Mve for you 
Always y our* 


of vours for a long rime if irre 
lei me know with Mve Tony 
hug* kih*> and sweet no 1 rung* 

■ Rob xxxx 


SNUCGLEBUNNT f love you 
Marrv me and be mine lore, cr 
PA RI IN C NIC Y'ou'rr my one 
and onh- Vaieniine Love and 
kesses Julie 

MY DARfJNC POOH. Three lUlle 
worm* Your very own bouncy 

CREASY DAGO Ooni you know. 

lip gloss »rhe lov n you so'xxx 
PROFESSOR Let s make 1986 
our besi year yet t don't forget 
\ entce ■ I lov e you Fatlie 
SUTCHA Noodle krsesyer. 
Pudden'f you're smt 

TMBCtTW. definitely, always 

WAB8IT - life © go* entoyaM* 
"Maw Car pel Ride" with you 
w rebii 

MADDK « roll on May • looking 
forward to a lifetime together, 
krsses. Micnael 

SANDRA - no rose* today but 
arres of Mve if you MV ye* to 
Saturday 22nd Snuqgteoum. 
Ltd The Times tusi tu* the space 
to say I to, e s ou more and more 
each day Rob 

ACCOUNTANT requires market- 
ing specials) to recoier 1 984 
Mss s row to merger Pinnorhio? 
CAROLE ten year* today. Lot* of 
lov e on ton special anniversary. 

TOMS like night, novae* tike 
morn. Please be my Valentine 
RH1ANNON Rhiannon Rhiannan 
Rhianron I love you truly 
Rhunnon be my Valentine 
Ysool Pefat. 

SUSAN ■ you're mv valentine, 
my life, my love and soon my 

NUTWOOD Forest Vixen Geof- 
frey. thrown to floor. Mies you. 
So do I 

VIOLETS red roses dtue. Black 
Bogey and Chummy send Mve 
lo you 

dai and everyday loSuperdood 
with love ~ Antipodean 

■IKE RIDER. Memories at Tmsg 
and laity Hoa and I dare say 
you wid do ■ always. Love you 
Mighty Mouse 

friend then wife and all Ihe col- 
our in ray life Thank you. Alt 
mv Mve Andy 


SWEETHEART, m my head and T ?„”. T f E l i K 7 mA *‘ ) !* al 

inougnl* always Bigwig. 

most here again without tear 
Love from me Sincere 

I CORMTHIANS 13 a-8 a dream CATHY K ice son awl Then*, 
or reality really i ours The Rave C ,Jr Y ' , ' v and__Thom«s 

rommi comma, full stop, ex 
r tarnation mark? 

SQUIRREL • may your tail at- 

loo . from a smelly hairy 
f eg horn. 

ROSALIND • sweelie-pie. »h»| 1 YOU darfrog Vou make 

BURP . A million T's and Jag 
Atskar Dm Heir Mil Hiarta 
HILARY I understand you mcc* 
man you uunk and l lose you 
more than you realise . I love 
vou. Paul 

ABBY. Have a wonderful 
V atenlinr's Day and I know - 1 ou 
win or a great skier Love 

SCUNA, nothing's gonna change 
my Mvr tor vou Alferhonatefy 
vour* forever 270IM 
SALLY- Will you marry me 

wav* be bushy and your eyes or.n ■ ■ .Ke—o, i 

SI' ^ “ 7^ . "Kf r ^TJr^ ^ 

•«***«* most* from B.g Brown 

l^t^r li^LSeiS y r " *r 

Dvorak Ine* on h*™ * '“W tody Thank 

you lor lhai. Letaeroe 

A million Ts and Jag VY OLD FOLKSTOME lover. 
Om Hele Mil Hiarta hockes ts poor substitute. Ask 

SWEETEST Thing Love you on 
lefty Love you anyway ST 

Joan D to pack kipper* and com | ICKL£ prokie Bunny-xorey wn>s 

Oiron^ter **HAX FETAL pole m hotpot 

BONNIE This n a rtasvfrod se- Weft done . t«* sufc soon lane 
cm" we mss you All in* best ,, 

V atennnes ■ Mrs Popoily 6 We* BOTuamm. Mve you tot*. 

Tool Love you bath dearly INlna - 
EMLY - Thee kaMnl dowtm rfun >>w y FO“ »* 

uma* Head for Watford Gap 
Please stay awake* Your 

py salentme my three besi «rl* 
an Mve Anthony 

Kings! onirem her 

husband Tiger. 

GOBPON - Somebody no torvger 
in Dim wifh sun loses you very 

TO TENCH from Stig Heaps of 
love o n v a tennnes Day 
MOIRJE FETAL pole m hotpot 
Weft done, toss sick soon Love 

• pemamos due lu err* 
maraviltosa Berlm? y Ms oso* 
NIGEL. Beniamin, love you tot*. 

k inner (rum yrntz liM*l alto- 

the bestest Los e Oarey Wairey 
IMANDA - A UTTLE affair to 

Ler* woni slop ha Uil wagging' 
Love Woofer 

ELAINE. Wishing you a very hap- 
py valentine lux you always 
The kraut 

TO TRACEY, My time roprake. 
ailrov lose, irom Tim 

TO THE CUTEST little oamnq an- 
get lishcak* pie. aU my Mve. 
5w*rl ie. 

THERE wiU be a Ronsarkabtr per- 
lormanre on Use 22nd- I love 

MUTS - Be my valrnLite T and 
t he rest 

CHRISTINE, arrat with toie 
Sh ort and sweet 

MEUE, I sftll love your fluffy 
lummy. Say heU© to Pair 

DEAR FISHFACE. I wouldn't kick 
you out. Love Grotty 

MAC: You're my Pam Place and 
Boardwalk love Hurue-bogie 

BOO. Forget ihe sheep and trees I 
love vou very much Tallin. 

slave* nul mv Valentine* 

SCRIBBLING SQUASH roam SYLVIA mi swrrtheart I tove vou 

mve* mwi bigear Eaff) morn- 
ing rotter is nol the same 
without you 

BANDfT Although nndtng no j 

truly more than ever and 

"LYNN, Mv darling wife I will 
Kne vou for all mv life " 

armless esertoving SWH. 

homy your J MINI You are braulrful whal are 

you like wtron I jm sober? By. 

TWO CHICKS. (Urdu* and love. JANET- Mv vau*nhne today 

whal more" 

Lose New Bov 

tie paimm-mousse «• i adore, 
wnai about pillow fignr? 

TO IAN wMb my lor* akxay* and 

alwav* Forever mi love, your 

CHRISYLETON- Love all gtrh at 
Vshitegaie Theatre lomghl • 
game scl to match. 

SAM - ll s so good lo see us flow 
onre again Bobvtace. 

km«. Kn* yoor iMfu ooL I JANET "weU always be I09e|hrr 

OUR MARY. You are Ihe sun 
shine in my life. Love ya 

SUSAN from one swan to anoth 
er Be mine W iUiam 

Yemre perhaps? Love. Michael. GLUROMA Darting I kn* you 
SHEILA. I pill carmot belies e my alwav* Matrom 

PATRICIA JANE cani wasl susstl 
Auousl Lose you very much 
Vsilliam vssxsxsv 
OCHHOCRHCHEN Long surcew- 
tut tournevs with calm 
mrmones ensure hapoy togeih- 
erne** Lists 

schuttent ahher 
SUSAH-T o our darling 

however far it seems" and I 
love you more than ever 
Thing, hurry home Graham 
needs vou more than es er 
SUPERTOAD always thinking ol 
you. Please let our tove vow 


WITH ALL MY LOVE, wilh all mv 
■osr. wun all mv Mse 
MLW. with lose as always for 
rirr Now we are tore* J u 
POOH - efrmilv is loosherl a lime 
io express my adoration and 
tove for you - Dumps 
WHAT’S doing. Mes? T. 

TO BtC EARS. Hanoi Valentine* 
~ Dpt- lay* RW MartV 
;J«CVCR ON SUMIAT. Mondas * 
■ 1°° Soon I Wie you JO MW 
THIS ESS IS becoming a habit bul 
there is none other ■ Jav 
POPS - thinking <tf y ou more man 
ever todos Clwreqo ain't no 
kirvto town without you AU my 
Kw e Mike 

DEAREST Andropov. I have nev- 
er been less bored 1 I tove you. 

MAHT-I will kne and appreciate 
vou always my gear Nicholas 
KOALA BEAR I lose you • 

DAVID OK ,v> I ran br liryir 
Hint and Fiery 1 want to Rv 
away and then 1 can be warm. 
Wituno and womanly- I want 
lo stay mat when t say 'I lo\e 
ihu you must never doubt the 
depth oi these emotions my- 
hean is sending out Takrn 
Irom -The Frog and ine 

WAPPY and Wappet Carry-ons 
and Cases. X our Darling Bertie 
ELIZABETH. ] lose you now as I 
na\e always loved you BiH 
PAISLEYS in Red Berlinwork in 
Blue, ever mv lose your Laicii 
line who? 

MARGO- No T Just Mi* from me 
to vou Charhe down 
HI DUD. Engaged 21 year, today 
“me we got roamed I think* 
SHOULD I say it? Dare I risk u? 
viary dear, you lakr the bn- 
run Frog 


more than **er before, always 
herr. Marshmallow Fancier 

lurk I wid lose you for always. SUZAHHE, Rosm are red. s tolets 

■*" tov P-Mantn poOLEY 1 wul always lov* you. 


TO CHARLES - wnlh tove from 

are blue, please stay with me. 
because I wve vou. Michael 

your three bear* Poles. Stash I NICKY be my raseworrvan Your 

lot ma Trootodyre 

coutn't has* found a BI*WX BUTTEHAOX - like to 

- more beautiful on. love. Nigrt. ' °*' r • I if reward uus summer? . 

HELLO JOWL GOTTA HEW MO- B.OOYN EACH ly ngharsad caraf "j ffT 'f? 

T0R7! ■ Mte you Babe* From o> am byth oddiwrUi arhan L SLt ooow 

Ciriro Orlie bach . 1 

KEEP up wilh HvrtiirWfn bul no K-H Ihr uai to shiwJII SHirruo Tlciona **** 

n!?"" PkW# Jtm iOU ,OT '' rrN CLOWIMACE I love you very 

runpmon YOU make every day special much Hope you'll bemy vaten 

PETAL: lit deal wgn you on July Happy’ Yalenline's Day lo a per- une now and loreser Los* 

Ain Lose Pumpkin led Daughter alw ays F T 

HI T - til ring you later definite 2 CAROLYN, our Ms r will be like PCTC: You oee m» sun and make 
IY. honest From your time sour presem record. C il Uiiavoer and rain With lose 

raiSwar w FI-FL leis tartsie Wes imuw to- r r om ine »rl who open* ) he bor 

CAROLBfE - Dario mi geuro, cos Hi* is our year lie W pop loo early on the 

and Beniamin 

KATH. Rosebud by mV early 
walk 1 tove you. Bernard. 

LC.C. aede* rnnsu omnia vm- 
rii amor e| nos red am us amon 

TO HONEY All' me sand on the 
seashore Love u Misty 

PUDDLES, vou mean murh more 

hope we ll soon be Ihree Chris 
RUSHMA AkShi Doonny'a Ma 
Rektva Bho Bho Pyan che 
VARGA saroa sarga sarga varga 
saiga varga sarga varga 
sarga sarga. 

CATHERINE Left spend stone 
limp fogeiner on Mom- 
Genus re* S«u Lilt* CARLOS 

to me than fust a mainemaitral I PWSYCAT. Firs! and last Vaten 

morr mermomeirry pleas* Jtm 

PETAL: 111 deal w dh y ou on July 
Ain Lose Pumpkin 

HI V - in ring vou taler defuule 
h. honest From your UlUe 

CAROLBfE - Dario mi 

* ‘"I W. thanks Mr keepmg Harry, 

gram lie • Tony 

DAWN - Alway* and forever 
earn moment won you All my 
lose Neil 

MY UTTLE LUMP. 1 am unaMe 
to look away lor live tove of 
sour beauty 

UZ-BETM. ’who will buy?- Get 
better soon T week e >• Much 
kn e L and P. 

you toss From your mating 

ALL THIS ANO a microwave 
oven 11 must be love. Danny. 

HUMPHREY, your'e a treasure, 
gri irainsna for the 12lh. always 
1 ours Ingnd 


could ihr* day pass, without an 
Quiin q 10 Candle mow 

FERTIL, Mse. hugs and logs**. 

warm lor Ihe last year Lose 

JAJtt, my lillfe poplniay rm 
walnuttv about you Love 
sancerrety X YX M 
HOOT Ah lull van all 0 plenty 
new' h ere a l one and twenty 
FROM OPTIMIST to Pessimist 
you are sbll a beaut ifuf J Rand 
bums will never change 
FLOSSY. Alter ten year* I Mve I 
mv Vaieniine bride ev rn morel 1 

CLOWNFACE I love you very 
much Hope you'll bemy vaten- 
une now and forever love 
alw ays F T 

PCTC: You are m» sun and make 
■I ih under and rain With lose 
Irom inemrl who open* the hot 
lie of pop 100 earty on the 

FRASER by believing in roses one 
bring* them lo otoom Lots of 
kne. your budding fiancee 1 
gram us litelime-* hapgmess to- 
gether -lose Frrga) 

And deep mio the dying day live 
happy Prioress lottos* ed him ■ 

JAN AMD RJiSTA mrw you both 
Bunk bless you. Che* 

BE MY WIFE be my bfe.pas* the 
soap Alway* your Tan 

leddv bear All mi hugs Nioel. 

Une* Dav not wilh vou MNung 
you. All mv Mve W oof y Dog 

SON. so lar away I lose vou YOUR CMEMt$TNY and mine 

als-ay* Sugar 

■RIAN - rhop rhop work work 
busy Busy bang bano l o’ e you 

MHY WORRY* about 'Your Lai 
est Tnrk' All my love lo you 

MARINE: who's goura 10 drive 
V ou home lOfUghl Bemy-salen- 

■nake reamon* suolime in a 
prolessor 's ■■rHwme 
K MOUSE - This s ear pr o m ne 
weil exist loom her between 
Rngaic Brighton New 
D« prior 

TO MY pnnress. tove hgM and 

pussycat irom sloppy- soppy 
se al iH arpwe Harrow, 

V. SOMEONE m Australia thinks 
you re rather cuddly. Doianl 
hugs Sxsrx 

TO MY DARLING darting Teres. 
Irom your great mg Pooh Wilh 
all mv lov* 

•S^- Odd's Fish. M dear. you're 
lookin' al Hun’ Much love. The 


and wilt love you former 

FkOM A DEFENDER 10 a prose. 
ritlor whpse tove you've 
raptured in JJ 

JAKE, all my im e for ev er Peter 
Mummy tots of Ms e AMam and 

FFAi Stepney AIIMudr. No Seore. 
Churchvard Tree. Sealink 
Snip*. Heanle** Compc*t C 

peace now and forever. Paul 1 TTHAT IF Buddies misses Cuddle* 

UMPHREY. your'e a ireasure 

gri trasnina for the 12IK always, n W wr.^. W A „ ^ 

yours. Ingnd i„, „ .TV^.7... 


rosiid ibis day pass- without an JCIIO , rL — . . 

oulina 10 Candle man FERRJD FELKTT ATIONS for lur- 

Sttb! krees n lanurtro febne from fallble 

pmL, kn*. w. frert Ftrrfry fan 

MUW SCmvpQTSI contmenlal admira- 

SINCE THE Mirabefle ldlh De- NORA NORA NORA how I do 
eerooer 196* you hase always ' v ,nny 

been my vaieniine GILL BLAKE. I Uunk your am©- 

TO MV DARLING SUB. AU my "*T» gwaroos NXl wwsaerlu 1 
kne and come home soon L*** °* lose and kine* irom 
ran wtioeviY voud hum ilk* il to be 


grant us hrefime-s happmeu to- “JWSTSKU-T^Huq 1 ou more 
gemer lov* Fergas IhanyeMerdav ten than lomor 

ti deep mio the dying day the !_ ' rTS 

sappy Princess followed turn . ! awH PaU rmry fo, rhP day 

Tennyson wnen we 11 be together loreser 

m AND RASTA mm you bom and all the 

Sunk bless you. Che* r YJ* h KOU JO »n 

: MY WIFE be my bfe.pas toe — ' Ttr ° a "? Twl 
Mo 4Jit.iv? your Tan 1MCIC Gr\-nLajrinM ix>mofVJ w 

_ wrkuno brauiuiil and knrng 
nom NORA how I de TfMflun Budd 

'ttzssM 7 at 

Ufrn qor Q*vjijs jna M'Orws^rful _ - . . 

kots 01 love and kisses irom BAA-RAM- All my tove anllnlSoS 
iv tioev er 1 bu d roosl tike il to be btg mushrooms lor ever NP 

because 11 wouldn't be me?, MICHAEL • vou make earn dav a 
Cnnfused? I renainfv hope so- I special or rawer, Ha bps Birth 
FOR NOW and alway* aH ihr I aav and Valeo lines Day Love 
•me >n tiro world. [ Jeon, . Paul. Rebecca. Ciuabeut 

line today and forever. Love | MY DAHUNC SUE. I toie you so I PtCL£T Do V ou lev e mer» pogtei 

lonll’ J murh bread . 1 .. II I ’PrOtUhlf* CiV t I NOW .re Jw.aua 

much and ah- ays will Tubby 
Hubby vxv 

TROUT inning m America Bean 

■Probably Sea laps in distance 
PAUL: S hear 1 * lhai beat as I 
Lose you Wend* 

Brain, ru be your Swann tove. ! DCAOLATE ex I PC user. uiHm 

SWEETPEA-l-D tove you forever 
and never leave you. Love 
Mr Wonderful! 

O.B. • Grow old along mui me ihe 
best © vm 10 be 
UZ, 2 y ears and Mill no Dulux let 
atone a ring and vour Mill here 
Lose sou very murh Chris 

pressed wun Mile Monde*. 
y ear n* for. and sends kne to 
graceful elegant lady, who ho* 
I'tUe hums 

•tTAL Squu-reffeet Now wr 
bolt* have one AH rny tote 
Poppy crimoier rump Plum 


TO INOLi All my love Loud* 

SOMCTMfNC OLDjSonhnhma Hello my tove- 

Be" Day, much Mve 

-Se RMhm twrpwpfl Mni m m 

swrmttmg new Won't betono c . ZX/L™ 
before it* MSI we two rl L*V2;”* V ' 

HOOOY XX* Best Inends or tov toe wTn" 
er> Love you still Mis* P •BrWM* ine*,. 

. nniLiPT >anagi n the bnl 
rtnrken m the Homestead and 
toe world 

TO MY DAHUNC wife Teresa loi* 
ol tove on Valentine* Day 

greatly 'love you-. Wrnoy and l BUG I LOVE vou win,om Bug 


MAURICE, you arr special espe 

Wun mg buggy bears your 

ci ally m art Your little Dutch | KATE. Even across many mile* 

I m Mill vour tounq Teddy 
Bear, keiis 

MY DARLING mile fruitcake Bnw. keuh 
please be my vatenune I lose 1 COSEVTOU I lose you Pigiel 

LADY HODDEN Your gardener [ nl *!* l ..'*', l . iri ., >ou 0,1 Ju| v 

sends hi* passwnaie lot* and 

MY UTTLE PIE Pro. My r oddly 
Pooh Pooh.Paie Hiadr Loics 

LILY, onlv vou. you're ihe only 
' Ituna 111 see lorever Te Adore 

*ih Lose Pumpkin 
HI T - ru ring vou later definite 
ly. honrsL From your mue 

CAROLINE - Dane mi 
demonsirare mio amorr a ie 
groom- ■ Tony 

M V“° ur " p _ PIP. MT darling, iweel nun will 

MAUDIE. Beaumont send* ha* vou marry mel Abole 

DlSl^^ A J!S!J; i l 'wa^2, * t ** CAM b-an wanlefl 

* *" guile rerlam t won! M to be ms t aleniinr prnertolv of 
mam you Darting Ratty lnr ajow ^ 0 ^ ” , , ' “ 

JENNY. MV beaulirul cooker lose Irom sour l„Ue uik !?s<^ 

r 'ou always Nones Gerry | r ,rnd. Ronn 

MRS. M. Thank you for a million KCY (re-wy Wlln ... 

mjgrahrent tove*. 1 [pie you *7 , ™ T 

CHRIS, my sranderful wife. I’D 
lose vou today, tomorrow and 

evermore Bob. 

JOSIL you are rv ervthmg. here 
comes Ihe sun. I tove you 
Pit hard 

BELLA BELLA Drills*! Beflissa 
Bern**# Beflissa Bella Bella. Te 

Cum Lauor Amo 

TO MY DARLING brown-eved 
Auslrun. all my love - your 
C iw IWn h MP nsosee 
MRS Chapter iSManlra Line 3 
Mixta seek* renewal Love 

lion has smiled north bul 
remains undirmmshed depale 
irrmors Grordw 
AH! SOUL roof C20 a nmei ne 
lirks id tor Dday. L3 and eve 
Ions r odorous 

DEFBfATELY a rose cl kne al 
firs! rngni’ See y ou soon Oat id 

OARLMG BERYL. Vfsatsk you for 1 SUEdhy 

youi lesr and cair I ms lav 
year C»t>I 

FKNMA. qooo friends are rare 
Mis <a kne. and many nappy 

SJ'.IL - Thank vou lor annliser 1 
t mtaoe year beer s M another • | 

>« u win ~1I*S P ’GOOD LIH-K. 

UZ. SPRING hn Parr* marvellous SARAH, 1 hm . ..i 
mernOTi** kuiumn in Lerhlade iTV 1 . mnff the 

j mi especially today all mv 
Ms r. Pnn. 

ANTHCA, WHAT will I alwat'% do 
love you Be mv Valenune 
SUSAN • k toner and I bolh Mse 
. you sen murh 
P-C.L.N. r ham prune isah you 
a' Pare., re *o,r 

mernOTi** Vuiumn in 1 rrtilwii „ .... 

debdhtlul annnpaiuMi KEN mOTe- 1 ? 1 ?? of“ U w, ‘ ,r * ’** ITW 

GHOWWUC. Murh lose for a ****!** " 

HaPbv ine icgniser McG ana T. *"> Sc T un '9V Peirella I'll al 

Stinker r?" be your* All my 

SHAMELESS BLONDE voo know , JSr w 
*•>»* 10 makp A brar happs , 1 * Qwnanuiic tttitor 

ioHmion B#*ar r> mvich *a\ ^Jppdv lips ron 

JUUC. Wilh ail my, „ 

lose on im* our sprruj dav sister iCenecK 

‘ 1,1 - mp Vy I CY BERMAN | Lose Vou f Lose TEA LADY all ms lose loreser 

vour cave forever ■ Poppet me 

K.W.K. Happy' v 'N en lu s Qav 
wilh on rny tove irom EJatne's 
Dav id 

vou I Los r you Prrtrpu* 
you Dinner Saturday? Mum 
ms of Iso 

m MOM m ms rMnnr WM DAWN - Always and lorever. 

!|!?? earn moment wilh you AH mv 

know* waiw Anno ugh I mav 
peirf r.'i> h you pfcavr keep 
-tiunino an me 

TO MY DARUNG Rorturi With 
lose and Jiff* lion Be mi valrn- 
fine P A 

MISS P springtime Pares wa* 
good bul iou are seiror. hairv 

GRUMBLES isevcnhwlc**. I lave 
you Colin 

CM «tflf enfov the [nd Ttmre m 
Mapping. Lavg hrmr, Bri 
*TO PIGLET from load neaps of 
Hike, and kivsr*. I Of valrr>|i(Mh 

Ml COLA. I love vnu as vou are 
' IMIM* run e lun and Slav loiely 
• Vour diner man 

torn NPti 

MY UTTLE LUIW*. t am unable 
lo look away roc me lose of 
vmjr beaulv 

LIZ- BETH, •who will buy?- Gel 
heiier soon Tweekey Much 
lose L and P. 

vou lots From vour smiling 
Sale- man 

AU THIS AND a mirrowav e 
n.»n II musl be lose Danny 

HUMPHREY, sour'e a irra-urr. 
on irjinmu lorine i 2 ih. always 
vours Ingrid 


'ould Ibis dal oav. miiikhiI an 
niiimg lo Candlemas, 

JOAN. YOU re nol Only gnrgrgu* I FERTIL, In. e hug- and ’W. 

bul rlrvrc loo All my lose 

ins keep Harm lomqhl AIM lor 


KAZ Ibis raring ramaustir wgnl* CHRIS, my w onderful wife HI 
in one you Ml* o< oemie hi, sou In4a> tomorrow and 

Cuddrrs evermore Bob 

AUZTL. hi. mi' mind n made up IOt,K »«“ ■* rr ro erv In, no here 
Looking forward 10 JUlV Ivl £T* nr ' lf "' ' un ' 1 * w ' < ’ * 0U ' 

RICHARD CHAFFE - I don', know BELLA 'hELLA Bett.vva BellivsL 
na's I managed in resisl vou tor „ T* eeuivva pciiiim. 

ISO's I managed in resist you for 
so long Mr* Cnaiie 

B-Ilrvso Bnlrysa Bella Bella TC 
Cum La ud e Amo 

| es rn more M 
DARLING BUNNY. How can I bv 9 

\ ""‘ihoui mre? une you alway* 

Thunder] high* 

I LAULA. YOU ARE my Vaieniine 
' 'Jj my 101 v fores er Lov r Man 
Iweei, brown sugar peanut 

FOR WILD WCHFS. Happy Days, 
mce ana Pra*. Thanh you. 
toselv Valentine 
MAGGIE, w .ii iou rame 10 hi 
uSKwl* "'' r , * lhful P'9 

ALUML. NOT now Would ! Mve 
some other' 1 r.o 

SALLY: Skin of sann. (are ol 
iMwerx Lose >ou aiv-ay* 

DARUNG W0OCLE&, h^ ann 
kivo-i Irnm Bunks Big Mai and 
Pink T.-dd, 


NEWS rs now oul 
Ls erv one aaisee and *noul 
I Irr I lor icu 
Lose i{uf rs irur 
MADCfE. I wse vou prrrious ■ 
n indusn I m on ins WrV I'll 
fro Dork soon Philip 
CARA CARA Si. do i-wir • Ivl 
navi lu lOITO sero r UiflSO * 
SHEILA. A mro-coge 01 love witn 
I’-nijerm-rv I or alway* Alan 

tov r from your ever 00 bring 
To! lee Flea 

DAISY. Wvihouv vou there would 
be no summer All my love 

Irnm sons. Gatin. Ale*, hus- 
band Bill 

IMPDRTAIfT Lihle Fat Friend 
Bums or burrow. 1 lose you 

BASEBALL CLOVE igiev hmen 

and would gladly suffer any 

srrainve* 10 cairn her. All my 
Soul nereis 

SIMON, ine . apiain of my hrari I 
lose you. ALWAVS • Polo' 


TOSH BOOTS. Ml Vaieniine 
Thank*, in being vou and lor 
oil sou are ami do I Mvr and 
ne-d sou more every day Lulu 
MY UTTLE cakimarrs and rk> 

are oisen Igve for all lo see 

ANDREA WELLE. The*, word* 
say- il all Simple. 1 love you 

wilh all mv [roe and llunkv J 
TO A.P. Vs ill you Dr my 
saienhnv? I blub you. Lose 
fk'ios- Whale 

HUMBUG <end4 all hM Mve 10 «t 
banana lain Ms ing 
mend X.VX.X 

HUNBUN, lose vou forrv.T and darling Hues and knar*. - 

,nurk lore vu PON Hit ■ roan Sr. ler *u Use in- 

JC. JC. you mean *0 murh to me 
icr now and ah»«* • Andv A 

5 ^irom^W N fSL«* , cSmr “• UUaL Tmte to send my 

oruv valentine Long John 

Sll ,^. ^ and tot* of toie forever. Dinky 

RAINBOW Hhv no! take up my bTcmfi «,««, dm. n ,H« 
Share ciiier ion? REWPi C. RACHEL Stolon Park Darting 

share pile,, ion? 5CWPLC 

•miss Pamela kay mv umn 

vol announrrmenl on Uuy day o 
mat I Loir vou Peter Hum' 
M sou LFH Cumbrian Lav* 
f 'l alwav* wve vour Minnie 
Ail mi lose Pigtri J vxv 
ROGER. There * no turn p (are as 
farawov VII mv to.e Kale 
JULIE I TRULY Ice e you. V QU are 
rnv inr and onlv Vaieniine . 
Paul 1 

PEARL ray Valrnbne lor all era- 
sens and 1 love you dearly 

BOO BOO Will lave her hero for 
rn- and ever and ever 

10 10 10 T 

MOWER, nw onlv Cowtiexav* a 
Heart Full of Love AKoDOvei 

LOVE I DON'T LACK, sou have 
Ih* knack. Happy Valrn line Ti- 
ber lark. 

SALLY - ine rake bum* as slrong 
Is a* rver I »i» you 

TO THE yevs master builarr of 
Lv more P L S 

TO JACKIE IX. BIRCTT7 11 x *1,17 
n,rr la be married to v d© in Mve 
ana 'pen eel harmony' Ham . 

YUMMY CHERRY Bafcrwen wun 
nulIV lummy Mbsryou 1986 
n bur* 

DAR UN G. will you be mine (or 
ev er? My tov r you ra Boundless 

HEDGEHOG. Lm boo. Sartre, WELCOME HOME Dadil re-mad* 
I dries earls too year Always Irom Maumau and Ihr liUlr 
1 curs M.*ie Nipper* 

BARRY, rve found vnmrfhing L7 * Hoping toe fievd toy earring 

mueii belief than ra« mu*h I © more lun Love xfrv Lipnun 

roe ms l note ,1 laviitohgre lag TURKISH OCUGKT ts sum my 



fav ountr - Heaiher flavoured of 

te onderful but IKH a* wonderful FRED. I DID ME for >og but 

a* you Lev ms 

now You lodge wun me 

were norm wailing tor 


BOSS. Let's Prorliv tanrahl’ 
lost you Yeurv Esex. 

' Prinresv 

WOMAN - Cuph. Winfrtlh v» 
burgh, tehere ever we are. our 
Ksve ts ihr besi V our cverlMi- 
us, V rtVnlirie 

JILL i IS IT IwrnlV Ihree or n 11 
twenlv four? 

KEITH. To mv to* rtv 

SnuoQfeaun from hn adoring , 

MY HEART Helen©, la vou M> 
tosi’is Vfusdv- vioo 
MY MAHAL- Ms Rainbow mv i 
naPomess mv Me I tove sou | 
loses tr Happy Vaieniine Your 1 
viaria : 

HERE’S TO A LIFE in .Yanadu I 
losi' vuu Mixul Vo d>re. no 
rrvrss .no ridrrs: 212a 3© 
OARLMG GUL Je I dime SO very 
mush JJ 

CLOTTY BRUTUS. Esptosiir Jo 

seph and Three prods girl*. I 
tove tau - Haneybunrn 
K • LOVE YOU with all ms- heart 
Jute wish we rouid lesun at 
ihe ho/moz Jrff- 
BOLLARD BASHER 1 loir you 
AiiOu-l 23id beautrlul -whal 
bm* I've known Ihree |wo 
years DM Rou* 

SMUGGO Bn Big k',« and a 
Crisit Bra Hug J 
of Mse • Tmor. 

morr vour vumnine bm 
GLEN - Use bureau top led nand 
drawer. Mse Tony. Mark and 

KARINA DEAR. you ore my lose 
lor all Timr*. Pate. Prryem. 



DARUHC JVS Ires free KS pork 

oioimMe me whenever you I Pet 
toe urge Your devoted olm 
DJ. ho longer small 010 * 11 , nogs 

Heart and 
KarrowihHMPd Ammon never 
rouid Conrur. nor your troe 
«■ b«b lam vour 
r* ""Hire, behev e me 

■too-Ohe shall I MMQP) 

«^JL And 

- “"f iou more Little At 

with 3000 lovers tonight 
in The Royal Albert Hall 
have sold out. Sorry j 
„ * 

: Funfair Bali 

J-V. * nv * ta lions soon 
69 Ecciesion Sq 

r o* & 



Valentine’s Day Greetings 


**■"«*. my sxiemiiie. all my 

WhM . OK? W 

<C 3 

•i s- 

*-. vr - 
■>»<■» -xi 

riSL 5 B,M mp OM 

****** 2 v SBOTW . Itv nfn 
mracnteeu,;. Ad m£ ££ 
Marco W 
®**«s CtCELLEY. ITI nuriv 
law yeqn ihal 1 n»r Stored 

to 'f wu Thr man wtio poun a 
™>w Bam and wMair^ 

T - "T 

Ip^KEyjif < 

C 3 


nunc lm« KwJ Lovr you al- 
ways Addu * 

“WV WTVUJ mpp 

Be my vak-nbnr. Lose 

**|U*-WT Sum around, mom 

enwne. Lesley. Ounaw has lust 
hesun. Derm 

TO the Noun bum 

„ Sf*. 1 loir you. MfcfceyT^ 
VKWDCJU*^ my knr at 
alt lime*. Jot* 

JLC. SMOoKUM Lois otiose from 
STiur rampant romper loe 
runpr me 

forty to 90 Loir you. Peter 
*> CI«WSKj»p.Lmter tr 
Aefemum Unr from Peter 
QURSE, Portugal. Pans, wnt seen 
s ou ..o twaya. -out 90 with 
weed Bourgogne 
N®*» OK you and your Mur 

tOWSC. All my 101 e former 
from someone who needs you 
and care* Tut tontghi men 



i w more earn year. Pandy 

OOH-Uta Wav VatanUnet m n» 
Wy me props You're iovrd 

myrnmocalti- Umbpt. 

WU I I wtssa WPS. TtU* tmtlwtie « 
woOMmg dangerously DW my 
■ose is steadfast. G. 

M«A - Can 1 do itjut ofne 
KATE - can 

my Mr* 

Ch eeky. 

t n i HW T ■ Can we new matte it 

up. I love y ou always . TYouOte. 
UJILWILR February 

nineteernes enty. Pr epos'? Lose 
Blor rser. although u rnange;. 

I wan to make you 
CheekytHb. Lose 


mo moK m tor cabbages' 

twenty years between friends? 
t-oi r you lot*. Boffm 
MAN. To ms - lose, with my lose. 

mu omru mrr hayatl. 

SEXY Ml. Ail my lot rand ka&es. 

rourleiy of The Ttror*. Chart*. 
TO SUE - with lose from the si- 
lent mammy. 

FUDDY-DUDDY; Oh oh. those 
nigiMS in PunHcrau 
BARLOW BALU. Keep showing 
me your bear nemollies and FB 
former be lost in the Jungle of 
our lose - Calamity. 

LYNDA - your flown n sun as 
much in 101 e wiih you as eser ■ 
thts >-ear and atwas-s x x 
I LOVE YOU 137 . 

PAULINE, ALL my lose from 
jour weight watching General 

SUNIHIME. vouTe favourites for 
me lose n log 

SYLVIA DEAR, where'er I rose, l 
always seek jour magic graie. 
MOIRA. When souTe lonely raH 
me. when you’re sad ted me. 
wtien you're happy snare 11 
with mr.when you're angry I 
am rare, with unr. 

LADY CATWWKJ'omrr your 
bear. Full resirw mmghi in 
woodland of your mmce.NB 
MPPO loses Vicks Let* waoow 
logem er 11H next Vaientmoi 
UOTT, mv tUTHno.lhmoet. I'D 
lose sou fores err Lookmg for- 
ward to March Yours Stud 

TWIT I love you despue being 
I *rk led and handcuffed. From a 

NATIONAL MFLE Association : 
Wake im. and shooters every 
where win lose you* 

- DEAREST SYLVK. this Is where 
1 me. an my love. Forty -nuver 
RUTH. Male ennarrtm 
ruropaeus msrtes female 
musrafdmular. to share snug 
abode. Love and pncMm. Ken 
JONNO loses. PAMO sene much 
and wishes her a happy Valeo.. 
lioeVjDoy Hugs amL-Kosek . 
FROM 0 -T to MELS wuh a* w 
Lose specsaHy on Urn day 
MV JUANARA. ora lose is deep-., 
cr. wider, higher than an the 

• tart . especially an ptciUro - 
woof woof xxx. 

Indian Summer 

JH - YOU CAN era the mardpan 
from my fnmrake any lime 
darling Love you always. SJ. 
ZOC. our lose is Uke a burst pipe: 

■1 overwhelms every Hung and 
never dries' 

LOVMC FARMER catches rare 
golliwog in Ceotges paper bag. 
Nest a best 

MARY. Lose you hale you ■ But 
moslly I lose you ■ NIC. 

DAVID, Please be my 

i aienfine Signed P-A w 
vakmune? 1 lose you Sunon. 

EDWARD REAR (ancles Mrs Bun- 
ns- in ner fur MCbet 
COLLY My snoggly Tnpptfl I 
Love You and all the exirmv 
■im wmbuolli dizziest 

WOODENTOP and Lillie poo 
Love mrir tug hero 8m Poo- 
ler ever 

I LOVE MY spot a lot a tot - her 

DEAREST GIRLS. m always 
adorr pushing your Mwe*. All 
my lose. ODIN. 

WHORE. I sun need and Jove jun 
more man the Pony Club. 

ROSES ARC red. violets are blue, 
crus year you've no looms, but 
SMI 1 lose you 

YOU'RE 30 VAM-You probably 
1 wnk Ihi* is for s-ou ILY Bee. 
LITTLE FOXX I love you. Please 
come home Rrtoin the 

nonpanvrted US'. 

HEDCEHOCS Love Iron Muon 
Mouse v oomvoora Voonv 

lordsMre baby Hnei you more 
uvan skiing and champagne. 
Prove who turned m 10 a Toad. 
M AR IN E. I lose you so much it 
hum. M 

RAItA. BH your surprised by 
IMS? now you has e 10 read The 
Tunes'. Love Jonathan □. 

FOR KJDY to cetrbrate tony and 
ten wllfi ail my me Paul 
BO CLAD you are home m tune. 

To be again my Yaienbne 
MUSMN and the furry manes 
send all their lose to Wuity 

BEAR BOtrr BUNNY love sou 
tots Have a happy day 
CAROLYN I lose you even more' 
than you hale Brussels and 
you rs forever Rambo S 
STEPHANIE. Madly In Love LA* 

BA RB ARA - Happy Valettttnes 
Day. All my kne.K. 

BMP ■ Thanks for punnsg 
Ovcboume on our mas. Lose. 
Eggtt. me and O R.A, 

DARLMC HOUND, the world H- 
ready knows I knr you. Not So 

COPIP - sustains the acorn en- 
folded »• the Star spangled K- 
souared petunia . 

RUNCSJ 1 im e A mils you my dar- 
bng. 8LKGJ 11. 

drrsantluvgi. or the real Ihma ■ 
will we ever know? 

PEDZHUU KWEStt- Bring me 
some of your Afrtran sunshine 
today. Love Matthew. 

TMRUNB C-M n better 10 be 
naughty and happy man good 
and ramble. Lose TV 
THIS COES to show trial rm not a 
slob ettberl'Love you. 

*ORCOS P OWC UR KL Love you 
always. From Btogec and Uw 

»OWCRHOOl Happy twentieth 
anniversary for nohleervth. re- 
member last year. Love you. S 
JOANNAif lose you darting and 
need you to be mine. Ian. . 

ML sun crazy -(about you after 
an these years. 

BUBBLES wui float away wttfi 
S’ou'whfrner you go. Lore two 

RELCOMC HOME my oarung. I 
■ may be a outiei -tmNhee'. But I 
win always lose un. 
CLUEWOK UoteHmrMitnra hn 
broMto* effervescenl wobMIes 

- orogr aphi c ketion wadding indF 
' vatuaiuy tosty leap’ .years 

- osculation umbpHHn myionsar. 
'-rfiers rastafiy rhinos you., me? 
IAW-THY JUBA: Jhr .masl 

beauufurntgiiflngaie'of • ■ 

BcTferley Bmart.Tam- 
BRENDA - HU be a nappy day. To 
mee t at Q otoen Bay Peier 
MMOTNY 1 love you so much 
’and can't wan 10 see you 
'•CMERYL, . 

MRS FOX never has anyone 
-loved and ' -rntxseb another so 
much 3 B. 

LMDT-LOO WrH forever happily 
be bound together. Yotrre my 
vatrntme. Witty. 

BEV - Looking forward to our 
special year. Love ymi allways 

A COO* n> die CDuntatn but sun. 

more tree? (Ban woods. 

P.OJHJL, Ts the Utne of year 
when bears are tabernaungand 
oMv would Uke to. Fur and 
leathers mould, slop raid lees. 
TS dfflry po m? W.O.Y.D 
TO PETER, Happy ValenUnes 
Day wuh love DoUy Parian. 
JULIE B-OliL- rra leaving Friday 
'ros I love you much more. 
Thanks for everything. God 
Ueu. PoMn so n Crusoe 
SUSAN - Good luck fn ihe UgM: 
nevi year m wherever - love 

ETTA, There are more fob in Ihe 
ocean but somehow Ihey’ve not 

AU BONGO rani waH unfll weTe 
sharing tnr cun. Your Arab 

HAZEL.Wrwr UM SHotu tub 
lakim rmmi naprnda * 

stranger than proxmuiy ihougn 
u hetpi Pen* 

GO PLACIDLY amid (he none 
and haste And remember I love 

BP LOTS of lov e m the fawn for 

Profit Fiwn Emus. 

TWIIIHk PIC You atT not 
pvirrien Herbie and Ha Dad. 

MLLYi tonyaa on smir second 
arnmersary Love. Douglas, 
sam. Emma. Sony. CMrnm, 
Dommus. Cmmacmrken 

SUZANNEt’Scwnrr and Kamrc*- 
for a cheesr. How many mile 
hairs have I got? Love Man. 

NO I O N CER my dragonjml my 
hfamrea forever Yov 

beemosed sober RugpothMe 

67 A ■ DrsMtr mrrylhtng you 
remain mv perfect Lover d Vai 
emme ■ J 

my dearcs) tov er my love tom- 

EDNA I Win Love Yoo umu hr 
Snamrorks Loose ihnr Green 
LOVE) -Duo et mon a roll atm 
Bern sou a tn ble w V Dense ' 
SIMON FRANCIS. have a won- 
derful valentine's Day. with 
tots of love. Jackie 

POM I mss you so much wnen 
rrnaway love you always 



UBMT, ra net rr M you out mv 
WiL Darartl yourseu of doutu 
and feom. AU my lave. Irma 
lovely ears 
ONCER BEAVER - you're the 
worlds beam crimper, even af- 
ter vow mothers Brussels, lots 
of love mar 

MARFMYIC-R mnaes yarf lam 
And larft yarf lots and lots and 
■Maori larf snoonarf A W.W 
AMf, Idvr you always. Steve 

MAMQM - you love owli ■ Fwil 
1 ‘woo. 1 ime you. K 

Bans no 
Smytn .Gnmeswcnny Hapoy 
am valentines nay from your 
Chipolala 4 P P . . 

TKS : w HOY Ncauwasapa eus 
year, now about Bayshoie. or 

PF A RES T JAKE - mv wile my 
triend . my ffleuns my Vaien- 
One - love Jim. 

CLARE, the world is a nudrr 
place when we are not together. 
Remcmoer Lady ChaBertej 
nommg compared to you. AB 
ms love Paid 
send. wuh tovmg ineuahts of 
dai-s bmim 

HBUU A very much loved friend. 
Love on SL Valentine's Day. 

SAVA Chtata Awah Marto. my 

Matovsidn gnUnend from your 
Engusn aovfriend. Join 
PREOOOS PIXIE. My love tor 
sou is uncbvng. If is a mrarte 
We win. Hair cava age 
A tFX K 
MY LAJnr BHMJE-wiih murn love 
and dftrruonas ever 
forever Mole 
BreretfU Lovr to >ua bota for 
rter Davr. 

ANDREA s A 31 VaMfUmr sNule 
Much love from Chris tana 
Tamm 100*1 


sage Hum BmSmet to poke you 
tn [he eye 1 

COOPER. Hooker. F 

Pawner. Fitzgerald. Rat-den 
huTiMa s. f love you all JUI 
DAPHNE with lose and respert 
from your brisilv aonurrr m 
wash up 1 
FOR KEITH net rr Ihe umr and 
Ihe (dare and ine loved one 
01 together 
S A Et KE darting tone and amanr e 
make no dinrrenre I an e you 

. be mv valemir 

fives rr. ever latihlul as days 
TO CLA IRE , may out sieino- 
scapes entwine forever love, 
vour dctolrd husband. 

UNA ms Iran Valmnne. yoor 
love makes Ihe world go round 
aboul me kdrhnif? Wan mum 
love Buwkl. 

BflO There's always some- 
thing mow There's always 
somenung new. And. when you 
many, many need n Ihe mosL 
mm Dial's when '-Rock n Rod 
“ Dreams come ihrough. 
■through 1 Miranda. 

BEAR The arctaph ik i m dasiune 
perches above, but at mg 
climbs down to snore bettor 
DEAR ANNE, Good lurk in Jwie. 

AH my love. Andrew 
BARBARA, I LOVE you so very 
much, and so M »o ever Bee 
greatly mus you- I love you. 

PO S S U BSyou are im - angle pone* 

I love you to bits Popper 
ANNIE tk-Bg ug and GB be my 
V ■ love Me 
JEAN -AT LAST you've made llw 
press AH my love ■ Frank 
with the best IlgureJove "Vw 


txrr. in Ihe world ■ be my val* 
enUne today - bu) ran you also 
buHsmne your way down me 
sJu slope I ask ■ Ihe world 
awanls. Love me. 

STEVE (ITCHY] - Lois of knr 
now and always ■ Teresa iTon) 

(H Ux* 

SYLVIA -you will always he my 
snuffh- punny.Lave from Uie 

Ml MY neares) Darling Whw 
Funn we wm have Seeking Red 
Bmtrrflies L'nder THAT appfe 

ME MB YOU- Billy make! 

intee uuerrsied? You know 
' where to apply 
HEATHER. Tempera Muuiuur 
nos n Mutamar m Ohs. Jude, 
oner the Obscure. 

HOW WEAK are words Iftal ran 
but say I kne you Noggin 

LAMPSHADE and a haH I ime 

sou nun bill you iMummaie me 
me bngMesi ef au 
MARTHA, MARTHA dark yet 
lair. I'll V Wiling over Ihnr. 
Lois of love from long OManfe 
traveller indoemnaird m 0» 
irtwofutwr of numbers 
Ff i mnvFN fondty remeinhfY? 
ms dnhF' with whom he 
rouki wnw_gr eai_rmAw 
THE BEA «CD BARON seeks 10 
ra , nMhe he nwked up in 
the chip shop 

MARY, dOflT “w™"* 

(or my hone lose T 

DL had a«l Mawenzl are Uw 
MevL i love you. YD 
— torsi' uupwrrrfcfd on toot 
reck >s heaven Smo on. Love 
you Snugfit 

ELLAS PM). The temptttton is a 
aettohL youTf so nicr-to snug- 

OOLDEM CjromeH. 
mats. Caithness *“■ 


jm QpfWpBOT wnvv. 

YerkUore memories. SW»« 
m inmd Mif iw 

I RITA you wifl OJwlF* M t? 
•^SnUnT all Done in me 

LfriLE REAJt This wfll Be a v»ar 
‘VKsSim mere «w» md 
one t hope Love, ion for ever- 
Oar hr 

iiff i 1*- my nark meses 
not so ten** attenUOM: 
love Bngow* - 

TO THE WFERWT Junon mew 
worto ) m»v you “d love soo. 
uiuPMP: AWxaWMY 

rjSinS rSsr of Md*. 

imnft itufe wondef™" _ 
mule we Love yddt f**m 

SMALL MONKEY and pumpkin 
pie are iwo good girls. 
PATIBCtA. H started wuh a tots 
«m nwHM ago. May If never 
end Your togey lover 
COE - say* Dee Dee 
adorable -Hear Hear say Picky 
and PonUus. 

AU JANE whai did you do lode- 
serve a lunaur Uke me 
ALL cant UUnk of anything to 
sa»'. exrepl I tove you. C. 

Maoay Cues. 

CAROL, thank you for an your 
tove and c*t». wagim 
MJ.W. Four yean from infinity 
and I Jov e you more ev ery day 
DIANA you err Cuban' riol Ha- 
vana the real smoke 
MAGGIE, three tread: by posl by 
hand and in pipeime Love Ron 
DEBORAH.. £ onui 
men eille de ma vie > le adorr 
Ton Homme Grmouine. 
mmy Me and l lov e you madly 
Cbocgiate Mousse 
SRRUXJE Iherrt arty on 
■mgnrrtr and only one you 
love Sieve 

MV DA R L H IC. lovr you always. 

Mr* Wahy Loves sweet -Knelling 
Mr Wady • True mat 
TO MY DARSJNO Adukl. Hurt 
to us forever. Love from Mr 

TO MY DARLING whirling der- 
vlsh Itove »ou more than ever, 
from your CWnesr Dragon 

ROS I am still looking tor L'RKS 
and suil lot mg you. Afl my 
love auan 
BRIGHT you make me purr my 
lit *0 ngw 
SUSAN laUe for rwo fonigtu m 
Ihe ship lov* >ou darting Jan: 
STEPUETOM. -When u comes, 'u 
eomn wiuioto warning' iny 
hopin' D 
KNH - from your adnwrrrs John 
and Nimola*. 

JUDE. YOU ARE my very feim- 
mne Enrttsh Rose, me lady Uvat 
n, mv sweet valentine. Burr- 
BUNKEY 1 Remote ML returning, 
in a Rash, kws me all over. 

D-T.-Uhes Aa*J 

Amv-Passtonairfy and wdl 

IHATROM-RmdentRis Aust 

ServankSaine Wme same «te 

Don't forgrt UW 

DEAREST Jackie- whd can one 
say with twrtve won*. 'I love 

CHCSMfK CAT. TC wanes yon 
mules and love for evermore. 
OIRfSSV WITH K Valenune mom 
Dying undef fane eotouirs 

SAM us so good 10 see us now- 
once again - tobVface 
■a?wia«M MOUSE and Roue 

Sannaer lav e a ruMe 10 me ar- 

rorapantmenl of D'Anglebefl. 

MY DARUNG Wondtrwdflkto - 
loving sou todaj’ and every 
day- EtH BaunM* 

A - whatever happens ' 

wavs une sou • S . , 

LITTLE ONTThelWure •»«*” 10 
uke Love you always Mike 
wzier vour Fui here amiime). 
qjUR|S 5MA 1 /ram Htpaito Ea- 
img' toUlWf »»» tneuoo. 

not tov* 

n iwi row n*f*- - ’ 

TOMBBCRLCY. 1 love you more 
. each and every daifc — - • 

KAROL I LOVE you always 
Thanks for the lau 12 months 

FLUFF. As only me best wm 00. 

ni have you. Always Scorpio 
DARLING KUTlt oe oar v um 
Ime- Lgve from over ihe mum 
and cottage.. V a 2. 
STROOOLE- robe geiUng my an- 
nual bonus soon! Love and 
keses . DroodJe 

ANNIE * Creamy Claremonl 
chicken wonder widow woody 
woman rant stow down Luv 
Lumet RkhW. 

FIONA can I be your Metiers pel 
bi Ihe I in ore. Love Graham 
LULLABH’- Be mv IRUr pygmy to 
darkest Africa- Love and 
snuggdms. poabee. 

Modest demeanour and lovely 
downcan eyes reaurst you be 
my wife and auem. 

TO THE JOY of my waking hours 
and solace Of my- slumber. 

TO MV Optimal' so C.I.B. tn 
Both. Edinburgh and always 
Me * 

SPECIAL ROSE. Sum using bus 
More hugs and touches 
nulred. Love Terrapin 
TO DA MR, ADU-DtUM: you took 
at me. and my mood chums. 

Lilia na 

Delight- tove from ine one who 
gets deUglued.- 
CLANCY: I love you now and tor- 
ever, always your faUtbir 
rsmokeyi Brjnr 

to you forever your ru wot 
FRANCES, on UUsmeetal day. 1*0 
lust say. "Be my valentine 

EWA B - Hortex IS oonng. agawa 
dun ktfr grey wuh you in Lon- 

don xxx 

plus iso young loves you phi 
cannot lick n Love David. Dm. 
a nd. Heal tier 
TO PETER. You are Die mosi nre- 
clous thing at my Me. n would 
be empty wtthoul you. I tove 
you with an my heart darling 
Forever and always yours. 
From Sue mom 
PAT, haw no longer curly, fram- 
ing your fore. Your shining 
eyes still hold me tn Uletr pow 
rr. You sweetheart ore ever my 
sweet flower. 

QUILT ptnrhtT Btos 
wMUmeUmaiena equals 

srrunUr sowkts straggle 
scraggie and fictile 
FAT JQHL Lev* yam waBvchaps 
and freckle*. Ptgaro. 

PORKY, MOST beautiful pig of 
my dream, pray dine wun me 

WONGS, be my vulenfine we'll 
nuke a del wtous pear. 

SVC sUH tove you - aH happmess 
for me luture SGG 
To my HUCGftUSUmS tove 
goes on from 13 to iw 'even 
more on ine i 4 in 
HKE I win nevrr stop tov mg 
you wtilh «H nw Heart Paul. 
CX60KGC - Crazy for yovuiow 
always and forever Lovr you 

mlM tonv-O AE66OW 

A PHINCESSE - Frags* Front? 
Frogs) I tove you. 

TRACY - Jane 2 ia a 
■eon - yippee: All my love 
Malcolm. - 
JOMLYour very ordinary LUQe 
Woman witf Always Love You 
BARBARA OWEN O. loved so 
very. very, very murh 
E. THEY SAY rhmo horn 
iRinrrtionu powder makes you 
say i«. Love you. A. 

RITA Tove a' 25 years wiih you. 
Luv Col 

JULIE X 1 G Falmouth root* 
booked. O K. Bauenesnoi imd 
cd Mbs you. Gerard. 

JANE AM my love forever from 
your yum scrum cnoca dooMe 

SASSY To ray cuddly heart 
throb be my Valentine, au my 
khr Hr. 

JANMC. May all year be a happy 
new year, with Hi e Saturday 
mmm afdick Amy. I 01 lee wuh 
sawyoow ordick suntan amt 

A VC AYE. Abstothe makes the 
heart grow fonder Tew of 
tove Jennifer. 

PETAL, may todays magic ran- 
unue irrauNvoal your Mr. 
Love you ■ 

KIM Uir prrtUnl star I love you 
XXXX.Y forever KEVIN. 

EAREET ANHE - lempenneniaj 
met [hanks for nenVung Irani 
LeamuiQton Spa Roger. 
uwt TEDDY MiU tow you mad- 
ry Oemrnr muter woriuno 
oventme. Call me. I love you. 

RUNNY. Love is a Mrkness for 
winch I here is 


KATIE 5 MAI shekel shekels Rr- 
imuD 6 shekels ihrkrts Dodie 
Paper shekels shekels. 
MIDGET. IT! tove you always 
Scope ml. Love me. Fox's utile 
Friend, xx 
DARUNG MAGS - rra ao very 
happy to have you ta my life ' 
Love Dr* 

WWKY, TESSA and cuddles with 
tots of tove from Hubby and 


Cant warn AM my tove. C 
criminal background makes ra* 
01 for your wonderful loving 
ELLA, by ray cabbage rra your 
tong fixed tn seal tog- wax 
B Keep on nmmng. I prefer your 
M mins to Sam’s 38 m*i 
MY DARUNG Cook Wonderland. 
We are getting [here I tove you 
TINT DfNY, thanks for being the 
wngM gbl tor me. Truffle 

ItMCKLEY. Saturday morni n g 
shopping and muftlns with you 
forever Love you Hmcutv. 
DOROTHY, all mv tove. CSIa 
NNUU ■ ler 1 Forgrt the blues and 
art on w<ui ihe rhythm. 
SHARON, I love you! Jos. 
THANKS for the roller, an mv 
tove ■ Taomr. 

POLLTDATS won. Before the 
world was round CT. ward 
Soys II OB - Astronaut 
JEWS. Now do you Mpiv me 
aboul Ihe fur roar? ion. 

I SIB love you even len monttu 

DARLING 1 love you and am off 
Doing ter a whole week. 
CUODLES despue headaches. 

HID wan to remain your len 
pwmv man. 

WI LL I A M . love you my flue Rue. 

to** of tone* ■ PuncMr soy goo. 
TNI Wane Thank yon for Ihrse 
im five yean. I tove you 

HUMPTY DUMPTY - now d'i 
wnuen in black and wtuie. 
Love Hinpty Dumply 
SQUtRREL. I lov e you. Whoosh! 

only have eyes for you. Tim. 
HATH; B. - Lost year's (eddy bear 
sends his love 
m BnT naif of It. 1 tore >0 of 

you. J. 

HECTOR AND TED tove tne won- 
derful monster toil and tots and 

JtOSJC SHNUGG, win love you 
from now until far ever, tove 

STMKA it win gel hotter love J, 

- | CHUCKLES, Let me moke The 
Rrd The Tan Dark 


1 stum a- 


ThanJunu for mr Kick 7 Lovr 


MIKE : ROSES are red. took 

above your bed. JOT retl Kiwi, 

VALdUE GRAY flood Monvmgi I 
Love Ypu now and always 
own jell rev 

BXE. To es le monde to sms 
k* ben - ion grand nomine. 
Mtlft****' Outs' you can moke 
me min Thank* (or every- 
thing. Colonel Mod 
p eeir s LOVE, neve stepping, lo 
Oliir. via wapputo 

herb, you can teas* m- 

bum onyume nui no more 
pfutung Petal. 


Handsome One 
RUNNY RADDtT. coni woh for 
June Tib' Love and cutkart. 
Bendy Butty 
forever and m corn in ue 10 
warm your feet. Yours Grtngo 

TO PERKINS wttfi an our tove 
from D And The Bears. 

NO MATTER WHERE I ran. then. 
Heaven » uie More. Love. 

■NUBJML ROOTS, I shall tove 
you llrnfr. Bui dont rail me 

TO KATIEPOOS wiih tove from 
Andy poos. Ktssy tossy. 

BEAR JU.When ll rams you are 
my suraMne. ■ All my tove. A 
THE M i M t in ii mt 

Woodgronge Hill on Lers con 
Hour reciprocal booking 
arrangements Much love, ihe 
land lord. S mu g gl er's Arms. 

■BAST MOLE - LPK and tots of 
love /ran your Bright Furry 

FROGSPAWN. another year has 
passed and honey, wed I’m san 
yours. Anon. 

AUEC. AD my knr. tosses, hugs, 
naughty Dungs and murh more. 

fAfmcULAHLYSmJMa' Person 
cooianT rrsist awnjuntng me 
hra-tnek where’s irane? Loir 
you. Me 
J 3 - BuNdtog bridgrs wiih you is 
greaumi I need ciectncitytLOve 
and Kshs Wnrr.kS. 
CMUSTtANE, -Drum Count 
Segen ubrr dir. do. memes leb- 
ens Betide.' • R. 

you 10 always be ray atoo oetn ■ 
Aoi pusnmk. Yum.CuneL Fciic- 
rtj'. P 0 HB-. 

•CATCH A RELIABLE B 8 »- 1 did 

from Wycombe - You are 
boouf id-gal) 


knr* you even more man lau 

neeplv and took nrowrad to out 
days ot Fosters and Sun on Bon- 
di From (he man who leaves 
you nows m me morning 
HELLO BEAR. Me agate! Love 
you Job G. Bear. 

OHM ILY -to infinity. DORM 
BOSWELUTne most ton a newt 
cd (arms generous neoutuul 
woman .1 Love You. 

CAB O UHC Thank you for betno 
you ana never toroet Socket 
Ram Dram _ 

Inch comstahths ■ 1 mm 

and tots ai lov eon oar first mar 
ned Voleniine Day. True 

BR DARUNG. My only valentine 
more betas ed now man ev rr be- 
fore. TB 

BJJL 1 -VX. from John 

RIMSKY I LOVE you. To a sp* 
nai nha tram your Jov mg Sons. 

LOTS OF LOVE Hooey turn. Look 
aflrr those nos. sec you soon. 

KATM 3 URE. You are the betiesi. 
Vour support is imaiuaMe. 
Love evermore. AJawn- 

bill decided you already hove 
one who doesn't need Hoi 
Drinks inside to kneyou. Mole 

MY DARUNG Sm«m. WWi oil 
my tove. hugs and tosses, fores • 
cr. Sl azy 

T 1 IBBS. are you wearing the 
green furry uung ra Mraom? 
Love. NKta. 

TO NIKKI from year sp*nra ad- 
mirer. My love and best wtshn 
for a successful year 

JOANNA I win Jove yoo Nil ihe 
seas an run dry Pate 

FUR SALLY, my own princess, a 
proper immune iru* year Love 

TO MY CMLOREN and animals 
bid above all lo my Kath 

EMMS tots of Jove and my for 
>986 from your devoted ever 
fateful admirer Please gne a 
special uu to James. 

TO CUDDLES, wishing teat h 
bngton could oe moved much 

A&AXT stuxAlALve 

nee Lomrover ten 
2b was me naaatevi dav of ray 

PARUNB Ftobbettl Gebbeny 
Room, l wih rave sou aiwa» 
lorevte yam. Clare 
avaiianie irav eveniAgWiH 
Erarai 00 invierar? 

TO MV UTTLE bouncing Sandra 
from Ihe one who loves you 

ANDROMEDA. Noiasfc ivtmoora 
Me la wm and keep sour love. 

goes by wuhaut ms tov ipg sou 
more P 

Jean me. Jeanme. Jnarme. 
jeanrae. Jeonme itoieswioH 
PM (L> Thank sou ter mv happ, 
rsl sear yeL Alims love Pie i 2 » 
PIIOVIQOIt • all rooos trad la 
DLROBRWAE VXVf leagues Ui 
dai* forred raorrh 
command TrteromtuwaliOfi* 
EPLfTUPS Onh you ha-.e the 
key M mi- heart 1086 Pranlul 
CHOOGMOUjvtv imrfy-live omes 
V atenune All mv tove Bon-ikm 
BILL Twinkle. Twinkle LtfUe 
Saar- be my V airfiune- Neil 
RlfTTI TUTTT My fruds beauty. I 
tove you Bog, 

J N e Our puce or ours? J R L C 
JOHN LEAR to Ann Lear Lovr 
you at home Love you away 
Be my l alert me For more man 

YIWYBARY sour c omm ercial 
traveller loves you 1 
NAEEM tust 10 sou I wanted lo 
sas I Love sou Anne 
JMEMAHSC Ler* make 
Im) silver anniversary year 
one 10 treasure Semper 
ama bonus 
TO BOKL mv Valentine As 
Tigger we go. ms hand in Uanr 
ARR ARA Thanks lor fdlren 
years Lot e uMnsumh lov e. 11 
needs no talk. 

Pea love you teg Pea misses 

ERJEEM. Your beautiful ginger gu 
realty realty really really loves 
_ IMI 

DONK I tove s ou little furmy tore 

EUK HEED ANY plugs rewired? 

Promise noi to blow a (use. ILY 
TMftZ DARUNG. f charged ten 10 
your Arress Card Love Le* 
YOUR BABY canes tor vou from 
Staurgorrtsbay udMirra 
Biarirar and Redwarf. 

YAH. Yak Yak Yak Yak Yak Yak 
Yak Yak Yak Yak Yak. 

C-A-D LOTS OF LOVE keep trail- 
ing things will work out soon 

KEY GRIP Thanks tor entering 
mvlae Lo,p sou know and for- 
rvrr BEST BOY 

IflLB A special place to my imfl 
uio always be vovM (or you 
Bon Voyage AWS 
JOHN RXGL Do we make ihts the 
ooKm year mall intense* Lev 
lew Vert 

love you more more, more 
more Tramp 
MALO K E Drtuune maybe? I Love 
Sou Sugar Pull 
bralmn of twenty mx year* 
Trunk you - korheias 
sou and your love tde 
wouwm be me some - Howard 
BUTTERFLY, i cannot rtra vour 
Mings but will always tove you. 


HEUtoCoaM a candle m tee 
wind build a bridge between us? 
JENNY - t send ad my lender - 
hearird incur aluv romonuc 
tove 10 you One 
MAMA. Tmnktng of you otway*. 
Love sou forever. Kalnamrl 

JJ Wasn't gomg lo wooter but TO 

C a again w-un you. any lime 
me Atisiair 
■WO irrespective I tove you new 
and forever Pmg-Pong LWD? 
VALDUE IVES - Moppy Birthday 
and Valentines Day Id a fabu- 
lous wife and mother AH our 
knr always From Geoff. 
Crmslopher. Andrew . and 

A. and year fret arc adorable. 

ANNIE ■ Love is loo WUe a word 
Fiona • reindeers ShodM not 

BADGER Buzzacrtl Harris 
dearesL please help me make 
ms 1 goal. Come out uom under 
ino (touting 1 and bC manned 
by me magmfirrai Loro Mole. 
AJfGEtA. somiboib' up there a 
I ranking Of you. 

POSSUMi Our wedding. Rycol 
water. Seychelles, ran we ever 
belter lost sear? Bet we rani 

AND + and Rosteha and the rru 
of vou ■ thank vou for onofner 
Heafut year of tove and happt 
ness. I love you 
KATHIE onmi are you ready ra 
gel involved Juiiefl 
JJKJL Always in my thoughts my 
darting, and wbal nwgta nave 

ILYA AY A Paddmgton Loves 

nn Honey Yur penmroLetiavrn 
courgette* sum s aus age tubs 
Tomponv meamnglUl Me and 
VAL 19 sears m afl looking for- 
ward W doubling up sponge 
1 ST Fiona whenev rr. 
wherever, whatever, my heart 
win rawaiv be wun svu Dxx 
With EACH passing day 1 learn 
another wav 10 adore you. Av- 
ion x 

GRASSHOPPER. 1 tove you too' 
you doubt rt Honestly I 
TRACEY Da mi Mvu rale 
outer norntefn la lotted amaoo 
Outer loauenlem Murray 
FOR MY DARUNG Janka Happy 
volenlmr all my deepest lose 

CHARLIE ■ : you can share my 
loiters any day Forever vow* 

PJUCBY - Cum* Another year 
wnal a wneere. il mull be love 

DEAR ANNE, Gmm wtnrh 
lheve is sw. LOVE FWP 
V a ten 1 me* On luvesbuond 
raw as* wid Love Philip 
KINSEY, I love you more each 
das*, best Sunns' 

SEE US IN me merw u to sun how 
ihe colours run ■ M 
LADY Penelope I Writ atwOVS 
Lera ine rar up Ice you Parker 
CJEX-lsirrim oui mv arm today 
10 vena love lo a Inend 
ROGER - TKC TIMES B ratal nr 
love AB ms lovr. kunne xzx. 
TO LITTLE PEN* 'See ine moua 
Iran kiss lugn Heav eo. And Ihe 
wove* rtOM) one another. No 
MSier flower would be forgnen. 
U d disdained its bred her And 
tee sunbgni clasp* Ihe earth. 
And me moonbeams Ins* Die 
sea tonal is aD tin* sweet wort 
w onn. Il thou hiss not w!" Pn 
rv Bysshe 
BEAUTIFVL Surgeon I tove my 
irasimoe* but you above term 
ail AB 

ANGELA, lets gne Venus a try 
and gne Piuuuatry a rest. G 
ing sou a no) enough, t desire 
sour sole 4 * tee dawn laves 
1 nr swuigtu l win love tore ai 
wav*. Mr w. 

JE T* ADORE* je rramr* A 
bteniuoi ma rnene 
PAULINE ANN. Come live with 

rar and be my love ■ M 

HAPPY Si Yatenunf"* Day 10 me 
mow wonderful woman n the 

STAFFtE DAWN- in see suu al 
ihernurrh Murn love EBLCA 8 
JACOB, tohai we share is so pre- 
noviv Love vou lot* Pussy Col. 
PORKY CHOPS, ILY lot* out 
'only God rraoy knows From 
Strut rrrUMir. 

UMU. Two years kkw Two 
year* of tiappinns. I ipveyou. 
tongmg for zsuv June love one 
lap Rooiur 

MUS CLORAH ( love you* I want 
everyone lo know. W Harm 

CJNJL Eighlm man very fond of 
Uir loll aliroctne mirDigcni 


Hoary* Miss yaw Mg hugs' Loti 
o' luv • j P 

KELLY weather romujons have 
improved Propose lo Mart 
rambaig Ihe north lore 
■lommorr u w See you al base 
ramp lomghi for dinner 
LOVES, Poshnan Pal of Sydo Sorry I am away 
today. Love you always. Tony. 
ALL MY BEST LOVE- Wendy. lor 
now and teway* from Hairy 

FRANCES, I tove you MBwisand 
ziHumv and more - your best 

do cafe and love you. M 
SOOTY I km you wild my love 
JANE. TO A poppet with all ray 
love Bunckle. 


own Dear Pel. From tovmg 
Panda Man 

TOM ■ 10 a v ision on ski*- you can 
have my orange juxr II I can 
9 ve y oo a squash LotsAtobA 
tois A tots of love Baby 
*kier xxx 

MICHELE Time makes Ihe heart 
grow lander. Musing you. 
Hmai 1 Sunon 

CMCK - Sorry 10 be boring but 
I’m snu hooeiesUy dev Med • 

UT : LET ME HU suu am All 
my to ve : Bu t 

TO THE CHIEF Ramrod ■ as! smt 
Me is (un of surprises 
knr you loads Your tettebbrUi 

I KNOW NOW teal liim. 10 be curl 
IS IM din. Ana teal ine Leaser 
Celandi n e v» rwH wiih 
Valen une J P 
JUST A NOTE ewoadi 1 10 ten ev 
tryone - irh brbe dich. Je 
I’Oime. | love you 
FROCFACE fif SOCO railing Reak 
tV Special Person of 4 DCS 
Message 1* Lovr and IS 2 
month* 10 go* 

TO MT VHXT Female 
ext raara moor! Vlfly luntor mb 
be a v erv lurkey hunun being 
am loo Lave Sooc* 

SUE ■ I ten 10 love with you the 
le d um e ever I saw your fare. 
KRAZEYi some to nuke Hay. did 
die diddle, some to reap corn, 
wiulsl you and Ldtddr. diddle, 
keep me bed warm Mr T 
DCSPARATU.Y seeking Sian- 
the BEST speech Paumtogy SUi- 
deni Thank you lor 

Panerdaie tu p of lea’. Rabous) 
GODPARENTS bom are we 
brougni us logetbec Bid York 
and London are MUCH too tar 

LL Mas roses grow around tour 
len one vour life be roverea 
with p rrleel khr Valenune. 
com. inau knowu too welt, 
mv hearl n to tes ludder lied 

by Ihe slung* 

JULIA, ms wan beats onn im 
vou lodS) tomorrow and In 
our Tin uio 1 love sou *0 Tun 

toOLCY RATTT Lovr sou atwai* 


never mind Ihe nb 
wnai anoui some Pamiris. Love 
your John. 

MARROW. memories Lave 
you. The man you met ui the 

DEAR BRATOt one lov e is endtera 
and many thanks tor being 
Mother The EL N*H* Paul 

zv anionran friend ‘Sngadoon's 
suil here*! 

MAVIS SttfEXT Bright Eyesl love 
you strt Nrt long un 1901 . 


OOOO 0 OOOOLC I tove s«o 
JOWKlmr ra MoU She's ni* 
baby dob We're eleven ihta 

CP Top of the rate- Martha. 
Dmks. MHz and Parker 
BROWN EYES. Always in my 
Ihoughts I bnr and nnxt sw 

DOLE MOLE- Be my Valenti ne 
Now and lor aiwaysAovr Foi 

AS GIRLS 00 rou'fr ran haH 
bad. all nw love. Twinkle. 

RED - The life 1 nave is on Uial I 
have. The Ue I have as your* 
The love I ha> e of me life I hov r 
is sraursi and s-ours and vour* 

SEXY SU. All mv lovr and LMses 
courtesy of The Time* Charlie. 
PI - You are my alpha and my 

ICC./ 252 . European and Amen 
con deals not suited British 
merger best oiler document for 
low mg? P.BL. OM 
BROWN BEAR. Wants his Riser 
bank Baby m uinr wappmg 
Warehouse now. 

SNOO a real vateniiae* ton* mes- 
sage in a real newspaper, ity 

ALISON BAFR-We love you 10 
much more Ihan we ran say in 
Hirer lines Saphle NichMas and 

JOAHNC you're mt everything. 
Babe ■ 1 wifl love & treasure you 
tor ever, xxx 

STEVE thank* tor toe UN 6 
months Here’s to me next SO 
years. KaUr. 

WENOY ■ a rrtetui maybe ooe day 
a lover? • Love summer 
MOM UBfUNQ Bngttlr. Life a 
l ose W ie is Ufr torrver RAL 
KERRY My Jove now and 

TO MY DEAR wife Acme. I Imp 
snu now ane uways tan. 
GOOD LOOKMC. monks a mu- 
tton for making me a very 
ha ppy aeezer 

crom the lord. 

WELSH WIZARD, uy (here k no 
chamoagne this year. Stui ms 

PORKY VOW ARE Ml m ever 
want leveepi a paUs? Love 

IA - any chance of a nibble? 
Yaw ever sgutnrang monkfish 

E 1 LEEM DhnMn has- never 
stopped loving Dowsoa 

AftMCC C Befl for brtler or for 
werse. rm your CJB 

tenses, forever 

Love and 
i-ours.L uterr 
wonderful Hfe ts while you're m 
me world ■ TGLA 
Will be 01 rr stammer tone. Labi 
tove Oz 

MRS IL Aiawoys be iw dMHnt 
valentine Heaps M love 

MARGARET. My Vatmunr tor 
me posl twenty year*- Kanpy 
Anmvmary. Lionel. 

SHARON- it's Valentines Day. no 
T a ter* Mas sguosh-teen 
hove some nosh? 

TO MY SANDY RaUriL See tee 
Stars and have patience. Lillie 

CHICA: Weiroine home al lasL 
darling: thank you far every 
itonq TOM. CP 
SHATZCNEN: Who tove* you? 
Grimms don 

&MJL • Afwovt dreaming and 
still do srry vrrv much. 
SHMELEV My tong legged passion 
ate Voteniuir FOrgef Tooy 
Love me instead Davr 
WABBfT. being wdh you is where 
i w arn lo oe LovrEJe 
FAIR FMEND I send undying love 
and every toss np» con wuenp. 
DARUNG MARCIO ray fne tur 
lady I ream- realty wve you. 

LOTS OF LOVE U Ihe bni uung 
la come oui of Belgium 
stonmanrsNOO ■ 1 ime you dear 
iy »es aii my love always 

PlISSTCATi You always hove 
uie moM special plarr in my 
heart Tigger 
TO LOUSE, All mv love The 
Bunr K Mill I here. Gerry 
MM - HOOPS Birthday Please be 

my Valenune From a Pres mis 
Van Owner. 

MAJtCAJtFT, Tran's impanenrr 
like ra* love (or you knows no 
bound s. 

TO Tiff VHNHJUI who has every. 
■lung, mciudwg assertion, I love 

year now. wun lave and quH 
wi Sieve 

nvalh' good cups are few and tor 
-I COT YOU BABE” to “DonT 
Break My HaarL*’ berause dT 
“The Power CM Love ” XX XX 
BUSWEh Antelope* OreMs. 
Dromedaries. WoUaues and 
Gangrene knr* jiga a k*- 
SARAN G, 4 zits and tats told tats 
and tats and lots and taa^ 

SUSAN. I me your gmtos wuh 
Jovr from cuddles. 

dance together next iMnte 

Hun-. Four Koala-* tapeor 
TO MISTRESS land Paws) ihe 
only gw* tor me. Waff. Wufi 

JANNA HOSB 5 . You are mv Gn 
(SrrrlU. Ms 1 me a a gloss 

AJMK-Our beautiful Valentine. 

we adore you N + P. 
MAWttftLD J. L Vy odorowe 
wife and vNentme. Love you. 
tenses Antonie. 

PKRS BbtoMeO- 
TREASURE terse lew words UP 
were together keep an my me 
fo rever 

GINGER-RUT, f me you more 
man chocolate Your usiv Hon- 
ey Pol. 

TO MY Cost, now about a Blue 
summing? From your Honey 

Waiernanato. you 
make Me one rag zoo. tovingty. 
your Exxon uger 
LAURA. Ben* u a turky boy. 
When wm rarer be a crowd. 
Pizza Man. 

Love you nice Uir 
tur* above Lefsimd our steer 
hning logelher Your Lion. 
ter way. la bene Fronts-, dm 
■ ad lot* or wve 


RdMRC-Th# Vrflow BrUled 
Kolo. Attack 

. you 

bngMnrss to a freouenlly 
gloomy world Love Dandy 
ALISON wtui can I say what ran 
I da 10 win tee tove of beauUful 

JAM JONES lovr you more and 
more Longing lo drown n tee 
overflow ol knr Rodger 
TO MICHELLE K I nog my choice 
1 would moose you' And I au 
Happy 1 'atan one's Day from 

PATRICIA You Ye it easy lo 
iduNi wun. relax wun. be ray- 
ten wuh. you're so easy 10 love. 

Gerommo Singapore Matoyxia -1 
Jove you. 

CUKE, be my Vjientmr for 
ever All my knr and 
Usse*. Chopper 

IF I KNEW who] one and one wo* 

I w ould va y two. 

ATHCRME Loving I* gning. 
thank you tor raving me 10 
mum. Ted. 

THEN them RotrmArY that's for 

UNSMMC how onghi and 
warm the sunsnmr now that 
you again embrace tee King Of 
Hearn. L'K. 

DR WATSON, you’re my kind of 
Snertock. All my lave. Mr* 


M P. J P. LA.M 
PLAYTHING, you are ray trivial 
pursuit I am ever ready lovr 
8 an 

TO KATE. I can rad wall unto 
leave Love always, your 

HELEN Whal a tots to W Cron 
And to me Ouellr foam 

knr you tnfl 
nitely btgoraounis Lots of tove. 
Liz x 

WHEN YOU marry me writ cele- 
brate with a scotch on tee 

OUR LOVE grows stronger earn 
year of course and Fa never 
leave you for a horse 
MARK - this is tee year for Mg 
cetebrauans (hopefully >- Love 
Always- Lorraine xxx 
T E ARDROP - 1 Mil love you after 
an terse years 
SUE, there Is no way. in me or 
ramsianrrs. tn whim I wdi 
des ert you. The Chairman 
BEHALDNN, I love d when you 
•Peak French, your linguistic 

RATTY. 1 L.Y V.V N Neflir 
MCK, wanted to Ur Me your fan 
cy. you lei me llrkle your hack. 
always wiu. Especially 

JEAME - rn reel wuh s-ou any 
tone tf yovrn be my Valenune 

JENTLE - DMoncr and tone are 
of no vnportanre You are at 
was* by my side and always 
will be. ■ S 77 . 

GOOD NEWS on healte Tony 
loves Diana tots. 

BIFFO, YOURS only and for ev rr. 

love you. Grumpy Bunny 
PHNCBSmy world wouldn't be 
tee same either. I tove you Peru 
SUE. I want you In my life so in 
lensr day and tngliL tove 
always Mark 

cmnSTBU. You're a rainbow. 
Fantasy and reality I.LV. 
Harr y. 

BUMBLEBEE tn worm of clover 
has (ound a magic dUtweed. 
Only you. 

BELOVED KAY today we Ole. 
broie 20 manedous months of 
love, six morvrUous months to 
marriage Boo. 

BOOBtt, I still tove you even in 
separate cars, aft mv tove lores 
er Booboo 
ROSME - waning IcvuklsnuaNe 
on ihe end of your bed Pruno 
PATRICIA, until tnr iwelhh of 
never rn ni u tovmg you. 

A TDRTUE, le I'asme. in ramnrral 

touioucv. ActoUe 


neapv and stark* to love.lrmn 
lour dearest Rat. 

POOH BEARS Ota her lends to* mg 
and warning inougni* to 
terra r* drwMlt mnlreu, 
AMANDA JAYNE. To my Popprtl 
all my tov* now and forever. 

HER- *GIVE TO ME sour leather 
lake from me ity tare- Julia 
wmriimn be kinnnn but Kill 
moke* uampdog neogte* soggs 
TO THE most beautiful niPPO 
Irom me smailrsi gnome, will 
sou wl on m* KMdsUof? xsu 
MONICA RABBIT. I lov r my Om- 
B unni even more than before 

LINDA. Mv tale A BU yours tor 
otwars Happy Valenune* Do* 
D-TJ m 

BUSBY grads on her love and 
more to tee tdeboalman. 

(erne line* wM Otway* remind 

■nr of wuO ww . 

. Yovrre un a tore laey 

FATTY, I tove you Let's build a 
nevi together. Ihe Jody joiner. 
ROSES ore red. Violet* are blue. 
Doctor B to Harouxv I knr you 

I (Hu • My dearest fnmd and 
Valenune V -81 

TO MY DARUNG Lktdy have a 
hire das' teuih about your old 

TO K, remembe r Stratford. ON- 
rur* and Mtnme Ripperton. 
Curst whar? Wailing, fm 

CLARE. Thanks for skying Yes. 

All my love The Typewriter 

PAT ihan we go from framing 
iwne I do love you John 

GAULT, 1 woum run a half maia- 
inon to get to you 

very dear 10 me Pig Bear 

BOO DODO, Boo Dodo. Boo Dodo. 
Bop Dodo. Boo Dodo. Boo 

MR EDWARD KAIL I loir you 
oodles. to*e mame*. raeioysru* 

RUTH. Ypu wilt always be Ihe 
one tar me BOB Lave CL _ 
JUDITH bus hospital whatever 
your sole verve beamy 
changed my Hfe peter 
DARLING SARAH, I tove you 
mi sou. coming home forever 
MARIOLDC sort yottrsell OUI HI 
tee lardin. Hopotang 
MARK you.Tr a hard haWi IP 
br eak flo ve you Tasha 
JEKKIFEIL a gtanous year adof 
able wife canumm soon 
deuroate darting. Lave Lexter 
more each day 

Yours Sieve 
Peru mon airn my soul Bui 1 do 
love 1 here And when I tove thee 
not chaos n rone again 

*** BCD*** say* sorry tor tec 
ewerated MpargfMn ■ SUB tove 
yo u - d H be ever soon. 
"SQUIDOLY. our love will *hme 
red and gold forever, your lime 
lady ' 

PJ_ Osps people poiderole terete 
derotertor Manly 
BEAR-MV love live* Ml Los LlAltOS 
Y Te Oiurro Mucha Fum 
glounou* years from your atm 
tog Husband* 

EAJ SINCE THAI no hrtpf 
km and pari A 
droyum sonnet ler me Cheshire 
roi wun riawx? some scars can 
or kiMed belter 
WCNDOVDt 01 - Leix hope you 
don't mm ten. Lot* of lovr 

To f my beautiful lady, I lov e you 
raw you no wonders for Toby 

DAVE. I wui love you always, 
hug* and kosro from Suzanne 
xxx. - 

B-fLS. Tub gotta swim, bnr 
QMia fry. I'm gonna love . 
Smites Prison 
JUJU, I lov r you mv darting slave- 
girt. mv Drjubfiillnl guren. 
BN U O IIL E Bt JM - ten year* 
vouTe sun better man any 
llungy* Lov r you aouakreprr. 
NIMROD Med me tonight m A! 
lanur Ciiy iwhitos win aoi 
Cim Pw B 
TEDDY, ihan k* for tearing m cry - 
thing (oiler everything lo yen) 
lour 800000 

On PLEASE* hot boa ropy, con 
Mdering' Fully arreplM ~iln 
monks Sweet Charily. 

RM -We nave made newknow 
we nr newYLov r nnCoru 

teet tov es sou and Ihe way I ha! 

sou purr 
LEONA, we genuinely had some 
uwig spenai toe con again 
even more nowaday* Lei’s 
start ready bung Love you 

RY My love always a I non 
kVX Moran watering you 
wood wove and Samunbe 
Smokies TTT 
DCLETTA my adarabte beimed 
da rting oeauulul rrealurr. 
HELEN. Few word* ace best 
Don’i sou Forgrt about me 


J OAN N E Be m*' Lalenline Btg 
Harry loirs you 
PIXIE: Allaw From NWS to CCA 
via SW1 and Lateisiash 
PRINCESS ZITA : only our love 
hate no decay. This, no tomor 
row note, not yeuercuy 
Be by km* 

teenukires&af my heart and tee 
holder al my soul John 
RICHARD William Waller, ter 
Tuna King, tame al IM. Love 
always . Sylvia 

MNBERw-Uh all my love from ins 
bine Hunnybunny. 

JEAN, Happy Valenune my dar 
lino- tojlh all my- love From 
your rtown. 

POPPET: love you more Ihan 
word* could ever say Susu 
JE MUNSON- All my Lovojlamng. 
from your very own big cuddly 

EXT. I think H may dill be tove 
Please nng me Love M. 


S-ou m May mats am* 

dura*! Rugfct Snuffs The 
golden raggter sends her lose 
SOOTY 3 BM was nothing AM is 
es milling Please be my val 
rtviuw : soo 

RA 1 Sword forged under SUr of 
Tram passion until adieu om 

RR 5 KARO - Now and forever, fri 
il be me ■ All my lose, carote. 
TO s WATSON. Happy valenunes 
Day. Lose and ktsses Rubs' 
RICH. Ja Fatal*, j'rsprrr our 
noil* aliens habaer 
normalement bienlot. 

JVSOT. instead of mans' card* 
tins year here's ’ll’ from The 

MIKE. I DO love vou. Please 
come home animal I will wad. 

LET - you're something 
else. Who core* aboul Porsche* 
er etepfianis? I'm pulled' 

JJ. Than* you lor nghi MMful 
mom Fts. 1 love you Lizzie 
MARGO Darling Happy v alenune 
forty ■ fne years grateful my 
love rvertoMingly thine 
Fovrs suu Guess who? 

UP. Brtovrd Lady. Companion 
Lov rt Nurse. Friend and Head 
Gardener. Bless s-ou. 

YOUNG MF - AD my love AJ 
ways, old Prte 

ine and I gazumbto s-ou. more 
than anything in ine world 

SCRUMP - Riper Frral best 
piun-ed guirkiy Mil grmly Ail 
my lov e D M 
JEAME: Twenty yean, on and 
tove vou more than eier. 
Yours John 
VALENTINE'S DAY and every 
day kits ex love 10 Melanie from 

■KUO. See you. feel you. touch 
you. hold s-ou. love you. 
G&ES, you are ail Ihe good Hungs 
U> fdr and mare AU my tove 
Jane xsstx 

MART ANNE- you an 
nardAafrroh.ralarnus one 
ronnamon gne heed Jeremon 
JUST A SEC, hail a mo 1 , dear 
White RjbMI. I lose sou so 

TO MT U 7 W and tosrly feunr I 
love you 

M. APRES Morrh I 3 tn le deluge 
Gne in gracefully now? Your 

YANK -tove suu gobs I* Anchors 

TO MRS W. you're ihe marvi 

dension I ever model Alt mv 

love, always. 

FAB. Dmi'i crate Nrtxm rm an 
mv wav 

DCRCK marThl a nrutn copy- 
wtiter n ai love wun ypu 
fores er 

JANE FIELDER. Da* Khoutte 
Ernoius. das rrure grschetien 
konnlr wurde dxh 


MT LOVE, still missing, warning, 
needing and Otway* to* rag you 
Yum yum 

TATIANA. This greal tat e of ora* 
will lo*i terougnou eternuy 

DAVR). Tin* year and nrn sear 
i n be absuro 

and magnanimriy irom ail >iwr 

Valentine* Lnrte Tom 

CoMXnqn and Mike. 
WOLVDOME, rabble nrarae eefc 
eek< I ran' I wad until fne week- 
end'. Lose always. The Hunk* 
KIT JUT AH my lose and after 
lion always Your hurt 

JACQUEUNE. you're Ihe 
darlingevl vea-monwer See you 
in Ihe win* -crUra 
Y 04 FRE ALL I worn, you're on I 
need tove you madly. 

Vi len line, strike* again Love 
Irom Hedqy 

GRIZZLY - you ran snore mv en- 
rols' plus branch am Ime Love 
sou lot* Koala n 
AUSON. I LOVE YOU, I want sou 
I neeo sou. be none forever 
Lose always Paul 
never inougni s-ou would but 
I'm vers glad sou did' Love you 
madly Marathon woman 
DARLING SEXY Shirley France* 
remember wrvra Andy sous' 
Love toy and peace baidv r uue 
ruddles Ray 

MASHER -Je I’aune toutours 

BfECFLETS- An my tove today 
and always Irom sour * 
laiourile sailor Piqlrt - 

UZZK-QUOIIOA. Trunk vou for ' 
nuking every day a valentine* , 
das m >036 Love and 
Kraes John 

JAMES. Hapoy BUrlhdav and val- * 
enline. mm you. 00 tove as L 
alwa ys Sarah. 

STINKY: I lose you. 1 

ALBERTO Love and toss** From' 
vour ever loving ruddle Droo- 
rah Nicole vyy 

C.CJS. You are my flaioor of the • 
monte All my love 
TO PHILIP From r Lrfs go on 
having fun 

MR. P. Thank you for 6 wonder- 
ful years Love you Mrs P 
TDM ONION, you are ndacuiotn 
bul I lovr you Always. Mata 

YOU JLRE beautiful amusing dev 
er gmerout greal fun and sexy. 
Murh tove 
DARUNG ROD who I will tove 
forever With all my tove 
Thom as 

WOBBLY. Love Miel Basher and 
me i> fad One 
TO ft, T and X. tot* of tove for 
ever. Dave 
MAGGIE, a lirker wtuie* hr could 
vec sour blue rj es every day 
ALTHOUGH urae seem* short, 
iitr slrnrhe* before me. 
Inexlnrabh' bound lo you 
LOOK NO FURTHER. To my Tilflr 
potato AU ray Ime. pudding 
ROSS. Thanks lor all the toy and 
fun you've brought Love Roger 
LEXKAR PINDA from Russia arm 
CUphim wuh love MteS. 
Annushka. and P. 

irom DaOd) 

POSSUM t, Gtbtxm loves you 
O k land Munrnkin tove* you 

LMDA -you are an Angel Heaven 
sew worth ev m twice the reel" 

ASIF I tove you and warn 10 
spend me rest of ms- life with 
] 0 U Only sours Don. 

Lets of Love, see you m June. 
Love Oliver 

VICTORIA SHARP tx pres wite- 
rt. for your Mfrhdav WUI you 
be my voirnune ogam? 
STACEY NEALE, here* lookin' 
al you Ltd* Reread Henley 
Fond regards. Locnmvar 
JEWLCofinwch V Set) 0 Hydm 
fe hewHiiadd f y mvwvdf Canad 
mauT. c 

TO BJf With an my 

lot p . Vs k 

JMI Stall sludrnis. parents • 
Miss America. 

TO TEDDY. I love you Darting 
Remember LNAS and JOLT? 
Loir Monkey 

Ml MMY ■ I k»p VOU O 110 U. 
DEAR DELICIOUS Derraouse all 
my tove lorn or From vour 
boisterous badger. 

ISA BELLI au my imp ■ me 

JOY Of mCThErplace Rome 
w** 1 ml ore especially tee (oak 
on your face* 

LITTLE BEAR 1 shah lose (or 
eve r. Senior Fat Coni roller 
BtFFi oodles of food. 

Future* of fun. Boglful p < 

No w we are one* Tigger 
FROM burning hush 10 110M M 
star suMone suu ore my 

ITALIAN ROSE, U'amo tamo. 
Ouanto Unto; Mono No. 
momsumm Woof.wnx.Rufr. 

GDI 1 urn pmk tn ms- nesi wuh a 
onrkls' Hugntef. H edge p tg a» 
LOZ. tove to you my darting See 
you ogam soon Muter Ridou. 

J - fas . AU ms- love former 

KITTHL Lillie Anovtoua I tove 
sou miUaons Please don’i eser 
run awns- Your Stevie kimn 
DENYS. You lay with me and 
suite mv heart away Bun 

POSSUM - Blackness and ihe 
OlSMure Lose your enutefir 
w irked ways 
ANG E LA. LETS pretend we’re 
an endangered specie* Love. 

BLLY-Jub keep on pumping mat 
iron All mv lose Boo 
BU BUi if you ovked me again Fd 
slill soy >e* From your ever 
loving chin up ran 
CFS. prootem* solved. your wish 
ev granted, jus! gne us lime 

you always from tee Brown 

PORKY PM - Congratulations on 
Ihe ntprrtrd Idler Love sou al- 
ways Puppy Boj. 

NORMALLY normal Kerman' I 
lov e you enough 10 teul ter col 

TEES - Wow. some doUi- 
anr 1“ Are we butties now? The 

SUZK SUNBEAMS. Looking lor 
ward 10 many mare years 
mgri her >ou know whom! 
PENNY ANN Ihe Virgo Is) July 
changed eirrslhiny I tove vou • 

BOBBY CUEMNCS you hgw up 
my file I'll always ime you 
TO OUR -Numiiet One* with lose 
Iran Sharon. Berra. Miiri raid 

TO HBGCRMOJfTE Love you lots 
and tots and talk am lou and 
toh (ram sour luile lamo 

sou Another iwemy-teven 
years please Froggo 

fri vote Quad ten n Off am 
SMILE Love Bonn it 

R ( 2 JE 11 M K. I tov e you more 
than ever will you marry me? 

HI BCAUTI/UV. Gateway* Until- 
mg. Inlrraniviiy a mini Think 
aboui it Love you very much 
mp van Winkle 

HR PHILIP GraM ScaNe farms, 
five*. (Kites and tove* Pudding 

FANDO" - be ms- v ateniuie for use 
nevi 30 years. Luv va ’Dothe’. 

BtKNsaby former All my love 
A hisses W 

enline Dai 1 gas from Graeme 

TO RAMLA-My uw e Looking for- 
ward 10 a wonderful new 

WErr SUSSEX - Use you a) 
Can’t wail fra S epte m ber 
and me Seychelles I Love You 

after one year Green undies. 

ALAN (AXE. I To the darting 
man in my fate Love atwav*. 

your Sex Killen IM the three 

WOW WOW! Remember, you 
only hve once So keen on a bu* 
■ nq votirvff 

no mailer how for away Irani 
w-ih love you forever. Pete 
TO GIANNL I will tove You 01 - 
wavs. Pour guoi 

hack 3 hot where** flu DUm? 
HAPPY Valentine* Little logs. 
You ore my CT 1 Loving you 
Lenny Spamhrad. 

JET, Love you always See you 
soon al Homeoank East Love 

BEECHES WALK love you ms- 
sMxuiifty. signed Eosi Dnve. 
RATBAG I tove you warn and all 
RIB you ore tee tovrasi mi of 
s oore ui m e world B 
CATNERME dear, your bunny 
send* you an his tove. Eternal 
devotion assured 
TWMKJNC OF YOU especially to- 
day Dear Val You are the best 
Hung teat ever happened lo me. 
Love Jim. 

CEORGMA, Lot* of tove and kiss- 
es ID my Dearest Darling 
valentine Bob. 

ALL I ASK of you Is Uial you 
Should feef gently Inwards me 
h » ail I oak in iftiirn lor my 

ANDREW will you be my lovely. 

lovely Valenune? 

TATTM - LOOK! Laughing sheep* 
Still ten murn and more. 

L W N. Andy 8 

KILL - I Dried lo keep my prom- 
ive fix hereby renewed Lose 

Ti. BoUom * Ihe one (or me 
SQUAW Tom Tom say I Lose 
evenlung aooul you. save lor 
woody irsi From cruel 
Strained Thigh 
Otvmpu* could be climbed a 
roped together 
TO TOGGLE, all my 101 e. Pigale. 
SWEDES. I LOVE you deoils- 
You fill my life with nappmrts 
ARTWASTER seeks Mistrru far 
game* Kim Fm situ rrozy: sol' 
wain sou 
JANET Cute Stuff: I lose you rm 
j Irate Triple big tove Jeff 
POHNT Give me tones' UK* « 
Wir lor ever and eser 
A MAN MUST do something ic 
reliev e Ihe Monogamy. Lov ■ 
you? I f TOE 
SWUFIE 1 love and adore you 
Lets prow ota together wan lit 
Ue E? Mew* Gnome 
TWA, namends are forever, sc 
ar e you Ton- up 
JEANETTE fn the raves on Iht 
niff* ■ Love Peferwonn 
EAST GRftUTEAD - That’- 
where weH be togelher tomor 
row mgni 1 LOU 01 loir P XXX 
LOVE, Growth amt trust. I Lok 
TORONTO. Tampa. Hamilton 
Where next Uir WanderluMl 
Lov e from Pudding Planter 
TO KAREN LOUSE (Ftoui (ran- 
ine red and Mark 904 
LOIS: let's retebraige our ram 
moniM wun Moncuofr ’ 1 All ms 
love Chris 
JENNIE LEE- This M year you de 
serve my tove in Ifu 
Times Steven. 

NUMDMGER - you ore every 
thing nice roiled into one and 
lose vou G 
M Je T'Adorr.lm Liebe Dich. 

Lose You Null sate? Peler 
SKN- The message I traced wm 
lose You Now you know 

ANGE. I tote ym 
Now Always and Farmer rn 
always your Strudel 
JANE 0:1 and Water often umr* 
laughter tomrUmes. magira 
other lime*, coring rar tones 
why saleiHane. 

SAS. Lose you Mm vou. Wall 
mg gal ten U y . rao'i ine wtUvsu 

tot ed sen murh by uie OWL 
KATHERINE 4 Bel rhts beji- 
flowm I love you. Your Jana 
neve Boh 
TO MY PLUMLET vxtentllte GPf 
Cna Cna'S forever Lots o 
huggim Love Ml key 
BFHB ■ get off vour treadmill am 
be mv votenune ■ KC 8 
ELIZABETH ALICE, This time iiy 
legal land it's belief man ever 

GAIL - with lots and lots and lot: 

rt lovr for rvrr . p xxx 
MILLIE. M’s lun 10 be with you tr 
London on Holiday. Herb 
WENDY : A* sou took acro s s b 
Ihe CJcr nui*. ( look across Ti 
Camden bedsits I'd rattier tx 
lhrra with you. Roll on Easter 
TO T, WMKH route be tn 
Tfddyb ear ■ Teresa or Test al 
my lov e ig me one who b ever 

more precious uton before 
WENDY - a thousand words a dot 
sas 1 lose iron 1 . ‘Prterran 

Porksword ’ 

GULLIVER Dormouse, friend 
Lover, fiddlier oi dream*, givr- 
M murn unumU Love you j 
MCC. Hoping for tee half ceMtai 
of Yatenbnes Loie.K. 

PUSH, 1 love you. Bee. 

wimoui 1 hem rm nothing, 
love you former 
BIJOU, 111 tove you former. Re 
member ihe Bndge-wiich las 
September. Cagnos 
ONE DOWN.iwo ug. Old Yale* u 
contents and Snema my Love 
Phui Peahen .ObaivSkut no 

Rif? India Super Stud*« 
kmgrox 40 . 

BUSH-DOWN where | (orate m- 
rainbows end Hotflmeriosei- 
sour heart My love always 
CARL - The giraffe, mouse mon 
key and efronani all *rntt uses 

LAURA -K you have a ntaHormn 
public duly gundjute a nanira 
dehnenry in moral fibre, mrr 
ai Careebo. B 

to my sprnai vofenim 
all my lovr from your 'h me 
SRDHN. wah aopreculioti to Ihi 
mosi marfieiraile Inch orodur 
in Ihe L.K 























em hen 




■r> - 
‘ed :r. 
M tr. 

s col- 

ted 2 

• but 

nui ,*G 
: the 

en; is 

1 on 
n of 

new ■? 


• dui 

* had 



1 . i ^ rJl . 



Where small is dandy 

The Elephant’s Typewriter 
goes under the hammer 

The imaginary folk of 
Lake Wobegon are 
familiar as apple pie to the 
American radio audience 
of Garrison Keillor. Now 
they're available in book 
form in Britain -but will 
we appreciate them? 

Penny Symon finds out 

A tall, singular man stands in 
front of the microphone in 
a darkened theatre. In a 
slow, deep voice he begins: 
“Well, it’s been a quiet 
week in Lake Wobegon, my home 
town." And, for the next 25 minutes, 
speaking without a script to a rapt 
audience, he spins an evocative yarn 
about life in the small town “that 
time forgot and the decades cannot 
improve/' where one could stand in 
the middle of Main Street and not be 
in anyone's way. 

Garrison Keillor’s monologues, 
mixing homespun humour with 
wistful and nostalgic memories of 
times past, tap a rich vein of 
yearning, among even the most 
hardened city dwellers, for the simple 
life and the pleasures of the familiar. 

As his soothing voice rambles on 
about Ralph’s pretty good grocery * 
“remember, if you can't find it at 
Ralph’s, you can probably get along 
without it” the Chatterbox cafe, 
serving Lake Wobegon's basic dish of 
mushroom soup and tuna casserole, 
and Bob's Bank — “The friendly 
bank in the green mobile home right 
on Main Street where your money is 
safe and the door is always open" — 
his listeners nod with approval and 
say, “Tup, that’s how it was." 

Since arriving in the New World. 
Mr Keillor tens his audience, the 
people of Lake Wobegon have been 
sceptical of progress. Smart doesn’t 
count for much there. 

. “When the first automobile 
chugged into town, the crowd's, 
interest was muted, less wholehearted 
than if there had been a good fire." 
Left to their own devices,“we 
Wobegonians go straight for small 

Lot 297 -is an Elephant's 
Typewriter. It looks rather 
like an aluminium chip-fryer 
(and indeed a plaque on the 
side says RESTAURANT 
EQUIPMENT (Halifax) 
LTD); but it has keys, nine 
of them, and it prints out 
GIGI .(the owner’s name) 
and IDIOT (a little joke for 
when the framer asks Gigi, 
“What’s my name. then?”). 
Years’ worth of ancient ink 
spells out the two words on 
the platen in thick black 

The typewriter is being 
sold at auction, not because 
Gigi has got into new 
technology and ordered an 
elephant’s YDU-and*key- 
board, but because all the 
remaining vehicles, cos- 
tumes, props, harness and 
other artefacts belonging to 
Billy Smalt’s Circus are 
going under the hammer 
next week. On Friday the 
interested buyers will be 
admitted to the windswept 
site of the old winter 
quarters near Windsor and, 
on Saturday, down will go 
the hammer on 1,700 lots. 

A gre at showmaiTs 
legend comes to aa_ 

end with the sad sale 
of Billy Smart’s 
circus props 

Down in bis faded office, 
overshadowed by a statue of 
Ins vast father, Billy Smart 
Junior feels the sadness too. 
“We have no choice: The 
circus came off the road in 
1971; fuel costs were malting 
it too expensive. We carried 
on doing the television 
Christmas circuses, and run- 
ning the zoo here, till a 
couple of years ago. Me and 
my bro ther are going abroad, 
anyway, now." where? *Tve 
got a villa in Spain." 

It seems a limp sort of 
way for the Billy Smart 
legend to end. Father Billy 
started in fun-fairs ana 
branched out into circuses is 

dered around it in the 
cheerful company of Ian 
McLean who has been engi- 
neer to the circus, on the 
road and off for 35 years, 
“All this lot, harness, every- 
thing, used to be on show to 
the public in the winter, 
together with the animals in 
the zoo", he observed “Aye, 
everything was spotless in 
those days." 

Beneath a sinister bundle 
of -string chain-mail, abrge 
dusty object proved to be an 
Elephant's Bowler Hat (Lot 
749), accompanied by a pair 
of vast headphones in the 
BBC style of the 1950s. 

It’s a ago of the times, 
really; elephants these days 
are serious creatures, giving 
interviews in the wild to 
David Attenborough, fight- 
ing to survive. They have no 
time for frivolities like 
dressing up m policemen’s 
helmets or dancing about in 
enonnons lame skirts (Lot 
878, in case you have a large 

1946; within two decades he , friend with a taste for seedy 
ran a -20-elephant spectacu- disco costumes). 

Leotards and 
llamas 9 collars 

The new Mark Twain? Garrison Keillor; “my storytelling is nowhere near as good as people do themselves 

of the town from its founding by _ the grand ole opry, the home of can’t be anything else", he said. “The 

potatoes. Majestic doesn't appeal to 
us. we like the Grand Canyon better 
with Clarence and Arlene parked in 
front of it, smiling. We fad uneasy at 
momentous events." 

The Lake Wobegon monologues 
are the centrepiece of a unique two- 
hour radio mow called A Prairie 
Home Companion, which is pro- 
duced by Minnesota Public Radio 
and is broadcast live from the World 
Theatre in St Paul by 263 public 
radio stations across the United 
■States. More than two million 
devoted fans tune in on Saturday 
evenings to the mixture of country 

Unitarian Missionaries and tire 
arrival of the first Norwegian 
Lutherans and German Catholics, to 
life in Lake Wobegon today, where a 
thunderstorm is a major event 

Lake Wobegon does not exist, but 
Mr Keillor’s mythical town -“omitted 
from the map owing to the 
incompetence of surveyors" - is very 
much a product of his own small 
town. Midwestern upbringing in 
Anoka, Minnesota. 

The book wifi be published in 
Britain - indeed. Mr Keillor arrived 
yesterday to promote it. But he was 

country music, in Nashville. 

“I used to hear their show on the 
radio when I was a kid, and I loved 
the fact that it was live, it charged it 

with excitement. I thought, as I was 
doing the artide, that I could do a 
live radio show like that, and 
Minnesota public radio, for whom 1 
was doing an early morning chat and 
record show, agreed. We began later 
that year.” 

In the early days, the St Paul 
audience numbered between 20 and 
50 in a hall that could seat 400. But a 
prairie home companion soon at- 
tracted a growing number of follow- 
ers, and in May 1980 regular national 
radio broadcasts began. By the end of 
that year, 193 stations were carrying 
the programme. And it has been 
growing ever since. It is sold out 
weeks ahead, and every Saturday 
evening about 1,000 people pack the 
world theatre. 

Now some Minnesotans feel that 
something they cherished as particu- 
larly their own. which understood 
their humour and their Scandinavian 
and German ancestry, has grown 
away from then. They are sad that 
their secret pleasure has become 
public knowledge. 

But Mr Keillor said that he does 
not feel that the show has lost its 

still ponderingabout' bow the folks 
over there would react to it when 1 met 

over there would react to it when 1 met 
him in his tiny office in St PauL 

I wrote the book for an American 
audience; I worry about them 
and wonder if they are going to 
get the jokes" he said. “I hope 
the British will be amused by it 
but really the bode coming out in an- 
other country is just a luxury." 

music, jazz, jokes, sketches and spoof ^ A monologue began to take . shape. 

commercials — “powdermilk biscuits, 
the biscuit with that whole-wheat 
goodness that gives shy persons the 
strength to get up and do what needs 

to be done" — all begudingly knitted 
together by Mr Keillor. 

together by Mr Keillor. 

He is being talked about as the new 
Mark Twain, but self-effacingly 
prefers to describe himself - at 6 feet 4 
inches, as "America’s tallest radio 
humorist", although he often wears a 
Twamish white suit on stage. Now 
Mr Keillor, who is 43, has put his 
wry m usings into a best seller. Lake 
Wobegon Days, which tells the story 

*Tm looking forward to London. I’ve 
only been there once before and then 
only for 24 hours. 

“I think HI create a character from 
Lake Wobegon who is visiting 
London, perhaps on a business trip. 
He writes a letter home about the 
place, and this will be a big event in 
Lake Wobegon." 

The radio showhad bumble begin- 
nings. In 1974 Mr Keillor, who had 
always wanted to be a writer since his 
days at the University of Minnesota, 
was assigned by the New Yorker 
magazine to write an article about 

show is. about Lake Wobegon, but 1 
feel that its roots are realty in live ra- 
dio. and in the fact that people enjoy 
listening to stories." 

Storytelling, be said, is a true folk 
art. aid more engrained in people 
than singing and dance is the love of 
language and talk. 

“Nowhere does talk reach such an 
intense level as in storytelling. I 
enjoy it and 1 think the audience 
does too, and yet my storytelling is 
nowhere as good as people do 
themselves, telling stories to family 
and friends. The best stories are the 
ones that are known. People want to : 
bear them ag ain and again." ! 

. It will knock down leo- 
tards and llamas ’ head- 
coflars, mirrors and bells, 
the dry-ice machine and the 
clowns* ladder, and a set of 
peculiar hangings used to 
transform elephants into 
reindeer for a winter sleigh- 
ing tableau 

Builders and scrap-mer- 
chants, eager for wood and - 
wire and scaffolding-poles, 
will bid alongside struggling 
variety artistes m search of 
chicken costumes, and what- 
ever the dubious dass of 
person who turns up to bid 
for Lots 966-971 (Fibreglass 
Glamour Girls, six lots), or 
indeed Lot 956 (Large Nov- 
elty Syringe). There is some- 
thing ineffably sad about the 
whole business. 

far. The Smart brothers are 
keeping the name and “only 
selling the equipment" tut 
study, when a circus parts 
not only with its tents but its 
very dung-shovel and the 
sea-lion’s klaxon, there is 
not modi likelihood of any 
phoenix revival? 

Young Billy is not maud- 
lin about the old days 
(“How would yon Eke to 
feed 20 elephants a day?”) 
but his sad showman’s face 
with its shock of wiry hair 
betrays a certain unease; 
depression perhaps, or may- 
be just a longing for the 
carefree sunny skies of 
Spain. There, at least, no 
dusty racks of pink Cossack 
hats can proclaim their 
sDent reproaches and no life- 
sized model alligators will 
loom out of cobwebbed 
comers at dusk. 

For it is a haunted place, 
this old assembly of hangars 
and frozen sheds. I wan- 

lan remains buoyant, even 
though every dusty neglected 
lot contains the memory of 
an act, tar an animal, or a 
wave of children’s cheers. 
His career has not been 
unfulfiUing. “As the engineer . 
on the rood, you’ve a . heck 
of a responsibility; people 
who don’t see an act tonight 
won’t ever see ft. Things 
must be fixed.” 

Stepping back to avoid a 
dismantled sousaphone. I 
stumbled on what looked 
like a large scaffolding-pole 
with some odd attachments. 
“Ah, look ax that" he said 
tenderly. “Twenty years ago 
1 n jade that new trapeze bar 
for the girls and instead of 
the ordinary old shackles, 
which always gave a jerk at 
the end of the swing, 1 used 

IBs next job is 
with a funfair 

M r Keillor's family, de- 
scended from Scots, 
were Plymouth Brethren 
and, while not as strict 
as some — he was 
allowed to play with children outside 
the faith — they were still withdrawn. 
Television was not allowed, and 
dancing was disapproved ct He did 
not go to the cinema until he was 18. 

But there was a lot of storytelling, 
especially by his great-uncle Lew. 
“He had been a salesman, and he 
liked to drive around and drop in on 
people, ask them how they were 
doing. I looked to those stories of his, 
and to the history of the family, as 
giving a person some sense of place, 
that we were not just chips floating 
on the waves, that in some way we 
. were meant to be here. Thai we had j 

“Everything I realty know - about 
Minnesota, about childhood, small 
towns, winter, being a Protestant - 
comes from my life, but the shapes 
ha ve been changed. I was boro in 
Minnesota and I have lived here all 
my life. I am a MW-Westeroer, I 

Lake Wobegon Days is published on 
Monday by Faber & Faber al £9.95. 

There won’t be anything 
quite like that down in the 
Smarts’ South Goasi fun-- 
fair, where his next job is 

likely to be. Still, he’s always 
lived in a caravan and still 

Jumbo sale: Libby Pnrves frith the 

lived in a caravan and still 
does; job mobility is no 
problem for arms folk. 

After Satonfay it will all 
be over' The trapeze bar wjfl 
go to some soap-dealer, and 
many of foe props will no 
doubt end up in cbichi 
Netting Hill curio shops, 
where upwardly mobile 
young couples buy amusing 
stuffed sheep and old ships’ 

Before I left, Ian let me 
into the secret of the 
typewriter. There is a thin 
steel bar across the type 
levers; before it is removed 
the elephant can only - tap 
out GIGI, whichever keys it 
bashes; after the trainer 
whips the bar out halfway 
through, the moving trunk 
can only write IDIOT and 
the joke is safe. Not new 
technology at all but good 
old engineering. 

Libby Pnrves 



The weekend starts here 

Wisden’s twelfth man 


John Wisden, a Brighton 
man, stood 5ft 4%ins and as a 
demon bowler in the 1850s 
inevitably . was dubbed by 
Victorian journalists “The 
little Wonder". But he was 
to gain even greater fame. . 

I n 1855 be and another 
cricketer, Fred Utywhite, set 
up a London sports gear and 
cigar depot near Leicester 
Square. Lillywhite already 
published a cricket anneal 
and, after their partnership 
broke op, Wisden launched 
bis own almanack in 1864. 

It gradually established 
itself as cricket’s most reli- 
able reference book. Ironical- 

St Valentine’s tale 

ty for someone who was a 
formidable player rather thaa 

Romance in the Eighties means a line in die 
small ads rather than hearts and flowers ami 
scented envelopes. In The Hawk and the 
Blackbird, a short story specially written for 
The Times by Antonia Fraser, die modern 
method of courting by classifieds is fraught 
with pitfalls. 

Magic of 
Hot on 
fast food 





£22,000 to be won 

Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent, pkasc ddiver/save me a copy oflbe Time* 



formidable player rather thaa 
a man of tetters, Wisden 
Cricketers’ Almanack fa the 
chief reason John Wisden ’s 
name fa known today. It 
ootlasted its early contempo- 
raries and the editor's anneal 
notes have been the most 
influential voice on cricket 
issues worldwide since the 
early 1890s. 

This coincided with die 
editorship of Syndey Pardon, 
whose period in office np to 
1925 has always been regard- 
ed as the most significant in 
the almanack’s history. He 
wss a partner n the Cricket 
Reporting Agency, which 
even after its 1965 merger 
with the Press Association 
remained responsible for the 
editorial content as it bad 
since 1880. 

There has always been less 
mystique attached to the 
appointment of Wisden edi- 
tors, with no qnestion of 
papal white smoke emerging 
from a chimney at Lord’s, 
than generally imagined. A 
partner in the agency asnafly 
filled the post. By the time 
John Woodcock took office, 
though, Wisden's ownership 
was jointly held by Qeeen 
Anne Press and the equip- 
ment firm Grays of Cam- 
; _ bridge (International) 
Limited. Last year 

McCorquodales, the special- 
ist printing group, become the 
owners, though Grays recent- 
ly took op the option they 
held to retain 50 per cent 
control; and it is these 
companies who have now 
appointed Graeme Wright as 
e ditor. 

A 42-year-old New Zea- 
lander with a wide experience 
of editing and producing 
sports anneals and other 
books, be sscceeds John 
Woodcock, who last month 
retinqazsbed bis six-year edi- 
torship because of the grow- 
ing pressure from c ombinin g 
the role with that of cricket 
correspondent to The Times. 

Mr Wright became assis- 
tant editor of Wisden in 1978 
dming the editorship of 
Norman Preston, who died in 
1980. He fa the 12th editor 
since the almanack, popularly 
known as the “Cricketers’ 
Bible", first appeared. 

Wisden readers wifl want 
to know straight away that 
Mr Wright does not plan any 

Im w fj fatp rfaanpwi (0 the 

familiar daffodil cokwred 
book. “I feel John Woodcock 

Mr Wright’s biggest prob- 
lem remains the continued 

famous Olympic figures, mo- 
tor-cyclist PhD' Read . and 

growth of Wisden, which last cricket books In collaboration 
year had 1,280 pages, reflect- with Patrick Eagar, the 

mg cricket’s own expansion 
in England and overseas. “As 
the man responsible for the 
production side, this has 
worried me for a long time. 
How it can be contained, I do 
not know." 

He believes that both the 
overseas score cards and the 
schools section, which in 
particular fa sometimes criti- 
cized, should both be re- 
tained. Nor wiH be allow 
Wfaden’s traditional format 
to be ajtTprf 

“There is no way Wisden’s 
shape will change while I am 
editor and a director of John 
Wisden”. Mr Wright said. “I 
would give op both jobs 
rather than allow that to' 
happen in my charge." To 
meet binding problems aris- 
ing Cram the present somber 
of pages, the 1986 edition is 
already being printed on 
finer, more expensive paper. 

In 1984 Mr Wright com- 
bined his other Wisden duties 
with a year as assistant editor 

m his editorship strengthened _ of Wisden Cricket Monthly 
the book enormously. He nutgazme His writing has 
made a number of additions covered several sports and 
and improvements." iodides books on football. 

cricket photographer, 
r** He came to Britain in 1967 

For the ©n what was planned as a 
s bn s year's tour of Europe and has 
t toM. worked in London since, 
d. i do After sob-editing on technical 
booklets for the British Sten- 
ts the ffanif Institute, be moved Into 
□d the the sports magazine world 
ch with The Game. He plays 
i enti- cricket tor the London New 
* rc- Zealand dub and for the XI 
^ allow nm by statistician Bill 
format FrindaU, and jog s regularly 
. , “1 suppose TFis fan- to say 

tsden s that I am not as a 

elam figure to the cricket world as 
f John some previous Wisden edi- 
ud. I tors, tbongfa I hope that wifl 
jobs change”, he says. “From 
rt to schooldays, though, I have 
- To played and followed the game 
i aris- dosety, I have always had a 
nmber deep love and respect for 
ton is cricket, both for its romance 
d on and the game's literature.” 
paper. He admits that one prob- 
ate- Im he faced concerned the 
duties amended career figures for 
editor legendary figures in the past, 
onthty foUowing modern research by 
I has the Association of Cricket 
t and Statisticians. “I shall not 
DtbaU, rush any derisions on this 
matte- and the case for 
changing any figures would 
have to he thoroughly proved. 

“My own logic and histori- 
cal p erspect i ve, acquired with 
reading and producing history 
books, would not alter tradi- 
tion to stand in the way if 
anything was proved to be 

"It is. however, a less 
important issue than malting 
certain that the match re- 
ports, for instance, are an 
accurate reflection of what 
happens m those matches. 
The record section is not 
everything. Wisden. to me fa a 
book of record, rather than a 
record book." 


■ SmguJtiisf6) I r I 

S Relegate (6) fad — L 

8 Before (3) 

9 Parchonsu roll (6) M [ 

10 Pillar (6) U — L 

11 Support (4) - Hh 

12 Pundatoemally jfij r 

important (8) L. I I 

14 Close olT{6) 

17 idle chat (6) 

19 Genuine (4.4) ' f 1 1 

22 Song of praise (4) ■ff fl 

24 Movable (6) 

25 Handsomcyouth f* [_]■ 

26 AngWspoJc (3; P 

27 Thick wood (6) P* I T 

28 Artificial (6) ^ — L 


2 Run into (5) r I I 

3 Cut lo pieces (7) 1 — 1—1— 

4 Pouched seabird (7) 13 Pair (3) 

5 Interior style <S> is Gulden 

6 Many (5) 

7 Kettledrums (7) 

15 Golden sherry (7) 

16 Gone bad (3) 

17 Hand bomb (7) 

*8 German castie (7) 

20 Similar (S) 

21 Inactive |S) 

23 Damp (5) 


by touch 

Vido was s tu d y ing catering 
wben she Ion her sight. 

Now, thanks to Baffle, coofeus fa 
pan of her Efe ooce more. 

3PS--Jfd ■ lS 

7*—. ’ " 

The National Library for the Blind nmw 1 ^ « - 

BraUle^Moon, for thousands like her As 
classics to best-sellers — as well ° 8011 the 


as cookery, fortunately for 

Help us to go on being Vicky’s lifeline with 
subscription, donation Or bequest. ’ 

Richard Streeton 

National Library for the Blind 

■ ***** 

17 Southampton Place. London m i* a* 




s. : . 


5,^.1. .Vet, 

'.-.o «r~ 

v* v ■*>», - 

,jV •’►-»* f _: rn * 

; V^>.! : - * 





*4 m 


%** * 


i £c\! ;■ 

VI ; K , n » r : 

“ ! ** 'U'. 


u si 2 g s : 

V * s * 

D* ^j-5x> 


15 • 



Baldness: here today and 
hair tomorrow? 

Memories are made f this. . . Malcolm Muggeridge with his wife Kitty, and Leslie and Diana Thomas 



Just over ten 
years ago. 
members of the 
House of Com- 
mons were able 
to compare two 
types of hair 
trans p lant; almost at the 
same time one member had 
bad a thin flap transposed to 
the float of his scalp, the 
other had multiple trans- 
plants, Both aid well but in 
neither case does the result 
look entirely natural 
The members are not 
alone m their anxiety to 
fight baldness. Recent claims 
that a variety of creams may 
achieve results as good as 
surgery have excited consid- 
erable interest. Two prepara- 
tions are available over the 
counter, but as yet no 
controlled clinical trials have 
been published in the medi- 

The third preparation. 
Regains, manufactured by 
Upjohn, has just completed 
clinical trials in the States. 
Trials have started in this 
country and the manufactur- 
ers say the results are as 
encouraging as they have 
been in the US. Upjohn 
hopes the product will be 
marketed within a year or 



Take the chill out 
of chilblains 

Early search for 
brain damage 

are to other 
physicians as 
fellows of AD 
Sonis are to the 
rest of the aca- 
demic world. It 
therefore aroused interest 
last month when they took 
differing sides in the case of 
the former champion boxer 
David Pearce's brain scans. 

If an acquaint- 
ance of mine 
who married on 
one of the cold- 
est days of the 
year last week 
had given his 
fiancee a course of Pemavit 
tablets along with her. en- 

gagement ring, he might 
have saved himself five- vent 

have saved himself five- very 
anxious minutes uniting for 
her in the register office. Her 
late arrival was not due to 
last minute doubts, but to 
lameness caused by a severe 

attack of chilblains. 
Chilblains are the 'most 

■Hanks for the memory* ... Eric Newby with Wanda, Penelope Keith and husband Rodney Tutsan, and Carl Davis and wife Jean 

I remember it well... 

For her Caxton Hall wed- 
ding, Diana Thomas wore a 
striking aubergine-coloured 
three-quarter length velvet 
cossack-style suit edged with 
black fur, and blade suede 
lace-up boots. Her husband, 
author Leslie Thomas, re- 
members it well “D iana had 
on some sort of floral thing", 
he recalls of that unfoigetta- 
ble day — November 11 
1973. Diana has equally fond . 
memories of a November 4 

Like the famous song from 
Gigi in which Hermione 
G ingold and Maurice Cheva- 
lier share conflicting reminis- 
cences of that never-to-be- 
foigotten evening-' m their 
romantic past, even' the most 
magic of memories fade with 
the years. One man's 
candlelit dinner b deux to die 

As St Valentine brings back memories of first loves and 
romantic encounters, the details may be more clouded by 
the mists of time than we realize. Some well known 
names reveal their magic moments to Sally Brompton 

the market down die road. 

As semi-honeymoons go, it 
was a particularly good one. 
Their hotel, according to 
Carl, was “shabby romantic". 

Timson's initial meetingwith restaurant — “1 was 1 awfully 
actress Penelope Keith- She glad she bad two courses and 

was appearing in a Sunday not three because I didn't 
night Royal Gala at the have much money.” 

Chichester Festival Theatre 

Jean recollects it being “tatty 1 in June 1977. He was there, 
as heir. For Carl it was a on that warm July day, on 

semi-working trip — he was 
writing a musical with John 
Wells — and he remembers 

CXD security duty. It was a 
memorable occasion all 
round. ’ “I had to read 

Jean Joining them each evd~ something about kings and following the register 
ning “at the studio or in a queens of England", reoak wedding. So the two o 

ff*trtanrflTit' n A Krt IWnlWcrnO Danmi M KI«tan nitiA moe tvief iwant n hmTIp ni 

strains of a gipsy violinist 
may, in time, become his 
wife's family lunch in a punt 
on the Thames. 

Certainly, our memories 
are reassuringly selective 
when it comes to those things 
we choose to massacre in the 
mists of time. But bow on 
earth can we overlook a 
single detail of that romantic 
meeting ingrained forever 
upon our hearts and minds? 
Easily, it would seem. 

restaurant". A bit confusing 
that must have been, since 
Jean consistently met up with 
them at “somebody's flat 
they had borrowed" 

■ For her first ever trip to 
Paris, Jean packed a couple 
of “long worsted skirts" — 
Carl , win never forget her in 
the violet suede. She was also 
lent some dothes by her 
actress friend, Jenny Logan, 
particularly impressing Cad 
with what he describes as the 
“enormous number of eve-, 
ning dresses — all sorts of 
silver things with no bade". 

The only hem Jean re- 
members borrowing . was 
Jenny’s best long grey coat 
“Apart from that, I didn't 
take any smart dothes at alL" 

Money was afa» a problem 
when Malcolm and Kitty 
Muggeridge wed in 1927. A 
schoolmaster in Bi rmingham 
at the time, Malcolm was 
unable to afford a reception 
following the register office 
wedding. So the two of them 

lects Penny. “Now who was just went for a walk and had 

h by?” 

Even their 
first date 

ii m i' 1 ► • m ■■■.. 

Everyone knows 
first impressions 
can be misleading 

When conductor/composer 
Carl Davis and actress Jean 
Bobt spent a pre-marriage 
semi-honeymoon weekend in 
Paris they both knew h was 
something they would never 
forget. Breakfasts were a high 
point of the trip. Jean recalls 
sitting at the pavement cafe 
opposite their hotel for fresh 
coffee and croissants each 
morning. Carl meanwhile, 
was back in the hotel room 
tucking into the delicacies 
that he well remembers Jean 
popping out daily to buy at 

must have gone the way of 
her Laura Ashley Victorian 
nightdress of which Carl has 
no recollection whatsoever. 

Anyway, everyone knows 
that first impressions can be 
misleading. Travel writer Eric 
Newby met his Yugoslavian- 
Italian wife, Wanda, when be 
was hiding in a hay loft after 
escaping from a prisoner-of- 
war camp in Italy in 1943. 
She first met him in the 
middle of a field. Her hair 
^icoording to him, was long — 
although “not very long", 
according to her. She brought 
him her father's grey tweed 
jacket and trousers as a 
disguise. He osed the “striped 
trousers and mechanic’s 

a jean re- By lucky coincidence Rod- 
lWU1 £ was ney found himself on duty in 
’ Ercy “at the corridor outside the 
\ 1 dressing room which Penny 

tthes at alL was sharing with — “was it 

ci? rntmiwc n n i j 

te way of Rodney remembers Hannah 
Y rST? Gordon being there. Anyway, 
da Cart has he has never fcHgotten seeing 
whatsoever. Ingrid Bergman in the flesh, 
one knows nor how he happily accepted 
ic nsea n^be penny's Giianes despite being 
I writer Enc a non-smoker himself 
ugoshivum- “He did get through an 
w “ en awful lot of my GaubisesP , 
ay loft after said Penny thoughtfully. She 
ptisonerot was probably relieved that 
f in 1943. there was no drink in the 
im m the dressing room — “not while 
L Her hair you're actually in the 
was long — theatre!" — or that might 
wy long", have gone the same way. 
Jhe brought “Fm sure I can remember 
grey tweed there being a bottle or two of 
sers as a wine",says Rodney. 

[he striped _ , . _ 

mM'hflmr'* Even their first date is a 

dinner together later. So he 
says. Kitty's version of the 
post-wedding festivities is 
slightly different. “My father 
tome us to hutch at a local 
hotel", she recounts. She 
even remembers being driven 
there by Malcolms best 
friend. Dr Alec Vidkr, in his 
Trajan car. 

“Alec didn't even come to 
the wedding", snorts Mal- 
colm. “Being a priest he 
didn't approve of us getting 
married in a register office.” 

Years later, he and Kitty 
made amends for the civil 
ceremony with a service of 
thanksgiving presided over 
by Alec Vidler. How many 
years later? “Twenty-five", 

have belonged to Diana since 
she was wandering througL 
the lanes looking at antiques 
at the time. 

Their independence was in 1 
evidence even on their wed- 
ding night when the woman 
who owned the restaurant 
opposite their house in Rich- 
mond, Surrey, invited them 
over for a fine meal to 
celebrate. Well, she invited 
D iana at any rate. Leslie has 
clear memories of her bring- 
ing over a cake — “or was it 
some tort of dish?" — which 
he presumably ate in solitary 
splendour while his bride 
dined in style over the road. 

Some lime after we talked, 
Leslie Thomas remembered 
something else about his 
wedding. “It can’t have been 
1973", be telephoned to say. 
“It must have been 1970 — 
after all, our sot’s 14." 

Or could it be their 
daughter. . ? 

Regaine is a topical prepa- 
ration made from minoxidil 
used to treat persistent or 
severe high blood pressure. 
It was noticed that it caused 
hirsutism in some patients, 
but was not always selective 
as to where the hair grew. 

Taken orally, minoxidil 
also has other side effects, 
but if it is made into a 
cream or lotion side effects 
have, so for as the American 
trials have shown, been 
entirely absent and the hair 
has only grown where the 
lotion teas been applied. 

One third of the patients 
grew an acceptable head of 
hair, one third had fuzzy 
baby hair and one third had 
no response at alL Derma- 
tologists are able to give a 
reasonably accurate opinion 
as to which bald men are 
likely to benefit, but until 
the product has been ap- 
proved the makers are not 
making any statements. 

Christopher Reeve, the 
j actor, has found a private 
source of the cream. Upjohn 
has mixed feelings about 
this; they are delighted that 
his hair has grown so well 
but are strongly opposed to 
individual experimentation; 
their own formula will only 
be obtainable on prescrip- 

Although some doctors 
thought his early scans 
showed signs of chronic 
brain damage, the majority 
only became alarmed when a 
later scan showed an area of 
translucency about a 
centimetre in diameter which 
had not been noted previous- 
ly. Areas of translucency are 
usually associated with a 
flank haemorrhage, and even 
though it was impossible to 
demonstrate any physical or 
mental signs of damage they 
felt Hm* his boxing licence 
should be withdrawn. 

common manifestation of 
tissue damage from excessive 
chilling. If people then warm 
their ex iremelies too quickly 
damage occurs. You -can 
avoid chilblains by wearing 
warm socks and woolly 
boots; a spray. Aspellin. -can 
be helpful provided the Skin 
is not spliL Patients who 
suffer regularly can often be 
helped by taking Pemivit. a 
combination of aceto- 
menaphthone and nicotine 
acid, three rimes a day. 

The acute pain • 
of adh esions 

1 Post-opera rive* 
| abdominal ad- 

fli ^ hesions are fre- 

V lquently blamedj 
9 ^ — ,^by patients -for 
K ^giving rise - to 

How grade . re-* 
current abdo minal pain, and 
as doctors are frequently 
unable to think of any more 
likely diagnosis they find it 
tempting to agree. 

Professor Harold Ellis has 
written in the British Medi- 
cal Journal on adhesions; .He 
estimates that one in -20 
people in England have had 
their abdominal cavities 
opened by a surgeon and. in 
bis experience 90 per cent of 
these patients, or two mil- 
lion people, later develop 
adhesions. . 

Although adhesions occa- . 
rionafly give rise to acute 
abdominal obstruction ljiey 
do not cause the vague 
symptoms of abdominal dis- 
comfort for which they are 

Professor Ellis says thai 
adhesions never grumble 
they are either totally silent 
•or they cause the acute 
symptoms which demine 
immediate treatment. ; 

Dr Thomas 

The minority contended 
that as he was symptom-free 
and there was no evidence 
that the change in the scan 
was due to boxing It was 
unfair to baa him. David 
Pearce's appeal against the 
ban was withdrawn. 

It is hoped that by using 
routine scanning doctors will 
be able to detect changes in 
the brain before lasting 
damage is dime; once dam- 
age is established it tends to 
be progressive, leading even- 
tually to the degenerative 
changes associated with the 
punch drank syndrome. 

Although David Pearce's 
doctors were acting with 
scientific detachment, in oth- 
er cases involving different 
specialities medical opinion 
has sometimes been biased 
by sympathy for a man 
whose livelihood was at 
stake. The Boxing Board of 
Control quotes cases where 
boxers with retinal 
haemorrhages have been giv- 
en medical certificates of 
fitness. To improve the 
standing of the sport stricter 
recommendations, which will 
include clauses on brain 
scans, are expected to be 
approved by the Board In the 
near future. 

1 CD 
n a! 

net* s 





. p^s- 
) del 




Desirable Property 

wedding anniversary.” 
“Golden” says Malcolm 

firmly. “Fifty years on.’ 
While Kitty and Mak 

jacket” as an excuse for blur. While Penny reminisces 

■Tr .V- l._ nvpr hptno MmrtMt Aboard 

chatting her Up. 

over bong escorted aboard 
the police launch, Rodney 
was describes the meal they 

forma: police officer Rodney ~ shared in a little Chichester 

While Kitty and Malcolm 
dispensed entirely with a 
honeymoon, Diana and Les- 
lie Thomas spent a happy 
day in Brighton following 
their marriage — whenever it 
was. “We caught an early 
train", says Leslie, which 
presumably got him there 
somewhat ahead of his bride 
who remembers going down 
by car. 

“We walked along the 
seafront, hand-in-hand”, en- 
thuses the Virgin Soldier? 
author, who had just pot his 
memory publicly on the fine 
with his autobiography. 
Whoever^ hand he was 
bolding on that blowy au- 
tumn (him} bright wmtery 
(her) day, it could scarcely 


56-page KITCHEN Special: personality kitchens, 
cooking kits, hang-up furniture and much more. 

Mere child’s play 

For sale-with contents 

X For some weeks 
#_ now, I hare been 
flflh looking after ray two 
reBr pmW childre n, sin- 
gle-handed except for the 
help of a Swedish an pair 
girl several h»®ired friews 
and acansintences and the 
occasional appalled passer- 

^The fob is a doddle. I can't 
Imagine what aO those femi- 
nists nwaa about Even Mrs 
Thatcher went on tefevisiou 
not long ago to awqrfag 
about the lotchea at I® 
Downing Street In-my book, 
she's a moaning mhmie. 

My wife's kfoto « mndi 
smaller than Mrs Thatcher's 

and I love it I love it 8onw* 

tiiaf j spend about 18 hours a 
day there, doubled over the 
filthy, stinking) kuee-lerei 
sink. The beat hair pm pqa- 

tk» has dore many mt ngmng 

things for my dorsal mnsdes 

and crumbling vertebrae. Mj 
chiropractor can start think- 

rfwrt M, 

Royce the moment I fed tome 
to visit him. 


Anthony Rouse 

He will find me crippled 
bat -Hy as sharp as the 
razor with which I propose to 
doable murder next 
Saturday at ton. 

I love the dawn. I hadn't 
seen its majestic beauty since 
the Army tried successfully to 
frill my gay and ind ependent 
spirit la the winter of 1953. 
Now, Tre seen it 21 times in 
the last 24 days and each 
time it has token what 
reruns of my breath away. 

1 tore Saturdays now. 

There was a dreadful time 
wheal spent Saturday nwyn- 
ings I ffllfog to bed drinking 
cue of tea and reading a 

newspaper until ft was ting to 

up and hare a drink and 

read another newspaper. 

But now, and for a few 
tore** Saturdays to come, 
mi j- chauffeur, "driving "the 

petulant and over-privileged 
to cobs, hrownies, judo, gym- 
nastics, chess and vivacious 
tea parties. 

If I had a defect; it was 
perhaps impatience. I can 
suggest no better way of 
improving self-control than to 
sit for three boors each 
Saturday hi a nest London 
traffic jam. 

Iliad aba, despite what my 
several employers have said 
about me, that I am a uatoral 
executive. Decisions flew 
fram me quite effortlessly at 
the rate of about fire deri- 

sions every eight seconds. 

#a itum nranoA 

jafee.“No“ to another choco- 
late biscuit “No* to an 
advance igsfest fate* pocket 
money. “Possibly" to a pro- 
posed visit to some ghastly 
safari park. “AbsofoteJy not" 
to demands that bedtime be 

I won't postpone the 
children's bedtime because I 
can't wait for it the rigorous 
intellectual anmmeat orer 

who goes first in the bath; the 
thrilling hunt for a missing 
pyjama bottom; the pteasnre 
of reading to my daughter a 
soda! tract masqaanding as 
a badly wr itten adventure 
story; the qnfet moment at 
hvmflftj when I admit to ray 
son for the 95th time that I 
cannot teO a Ferrari flora a 

I lore my quiet evenings. 
jFptgghm this evening. At 9pm 
I am stretched oat on the 
drawing room sate, with a jar 
of Valimn at my left han.i a 
tankard oT whisky inory right 
Thhm*, and the 43rd riganDo 
of the day clenched between 
my teeth. I am flstenfaig 
happily to the music of the 
washing machine to file 
basement Soon, its mood will 
ttoage from *wkniiA to 
allegro vivace. Then the 
infernal object will conclude 
its cyde and I shall wilt 
away the horns untfl ton, 
happily fe ting four 
mflfioa pairs of m> W 
dopants and a Roy- - M 
a! Stewart kflL ^ 


Two floors of brighter living, among the 
rooftops of Victorian London. 


Ranting displays in a window-box or a . 
whole house-front ; 


Five designers put their favourite objects 
on the table -in revealing arrangements. 


— — 1- tated 

Hazelnut praline, red salmon. ..Michael Smjt ~ 
makes pancakes a special event * _ 


The latest in streamlined Italian furniture. 

Other distinctive features include: 

Arthur Hellyer proves it's not just willows that weep. . 

Pendope Mortimer on the Queen-Mother. . . 
collecting antique coffee- pots... and a bouse untouched 
since ‘Homes and Gardens' 1919. 

March HQMIMS out now 


* cumber. 


■ ■ — Jim -7 : 

. . ■;. -- .-iMsSg 


Kidney transplantation in Britain 
is in one of its perennial crises. 
Last vear, wi th fewer donor 




organs, the number of transplants 
fell by 124. The wailing list at 

just below 3.500. is at its highest 
level after a remorseless rise from 

Unlikely as it sounds. Jeremy 
Thorpe is in Uganda selling 
prefabricated huts to the villag- 
ers. many of whom have been 
left homeless by one reign of 
terror after another. Trading 
under the name Jeremy Thorpe 
Associates, he is operating from 
the Speke Hotel in Kampala - 

looking, according to my source, 
thin and drawn. It is generally 
agreed on the diplomatic circuit 
that the venture will not be a 
resounding success, since Ugan- 
dans. with” grass and reeds readily 
available, can run up a house for 
next to nothing. Yesterday 
Thorpe spoke to ms source about 
the country's new president, the 
puritanical “no drink-no 
smoking" Yoweri Museveni: “It's 
like the arrival of Oliver 
Cromwell.” Perhaps: Thorpe's 
arrival, unfortunately, does not 
look like that of Geotge Wimpey. 

On the wing 

Many people know that Labour 
MP Tam Dalyell is an old 
Etonian with an historic, privi- 
leged background, but few can be 
aware that his labyrinthine castle 
in Scotland is so vast that Eric 
HeiTer and his wife once got lost 
there. The HefTers had been 
asked to babysit for Dalyell's 
daughter, but they forgot to ask 
where the baby was and it took 
them an hour to find her. 

level after a remorseless rise from 
just over 1.500 in 1979. 

Transplant surgeons are sound- 
ing increasingly desperate. Yet 
the DHSS seems bereft of ideas 
that could significantly increase 
the number of organs available. 

On the brighter side, better and 
safer treatments to counter rejec- 
tion have increased the range of 
patients who can be freed bom 
the demanding regime of 2 
dialysis machine and given a 
good chance of independent life. 

The increase in the dialysis 
programme, and the growing 
' awareness of patients on long- 
term dialysis that transplantation 
is now safer and more successful 
has increased the demand for 
transplants. Patients in their 
fifties, sixties and seventies and 
those with diabetes, who would 
once have been left quietly to die. 
are all now candidates for a 
transplant. The number of donor 
organs does not keep pace with 
rising demand, however. At least 
800 people die each year for 
lack of treatment. 

Last year's fall in the number 
of transplants followed a record 
rise of 25 per cent in 1984. That 
was partly the result of a renewed 
donor card campaign by the 
DHSS but. more importantly, 
because of Ben Hardwick, the 
two-year-old boy whose case was 
taken up by BBC Television’s 
Thai's Life and who then 
received a liver transplant at 
Addenbrooke's Hospital amid 
unprecedented media coverage. 
Last vear. in the absence of such 

Nicholas Timmins offers a solution 
to the shortage of donor organs 
that now condemns hundreds to death 

A new lease of 
life for 

people “Are you an organ 
donor?”, would ensure that all 
patients and relatives would be 
asked the crucial question- as a 
matter of routine. .. 

Initially that would be 
controversial. But everyone is 
already asked their religion and 
next of kin so that contact can be 
made, if necessary, with relatives 
and a priest With the informa- 
tion on the hospital record, 
doctors would not need to 
approach relatives when the 
answer was “no" and would find 
it easier to do so when the 
answer was “yes". 

Also in the short term, a 
publicity and education cam- 
paign aimed at doctors and 
nurses is needed. Transplant 
surgeons have already put such a 
proposal, expected to cost several 
hundred thousand pounds over 
three years, to ministers. There 
has been no decision yet on 
whether to fund it. 

In the long term the answer 
may well lie with the next census 
in 1991. Asking everyone 
whether they are prepared to 
have their organs used would add 
little to the cost of the overall 

David Watt 

Suitable suitors 
for industry 

r ^ i / 

■ ■A wS*- 

m* ' 

Is it better that ailing pieces of 
British industry should be en- 
trusted to (a) the Americans (b) 
the Europeans (c) the Japanese 
(d) the British goveramem fe) me 
Receiver? Do not tick more than 
one choice. 

The political debate started by 
the Westland affair and contin- 
ued by the row over the sale of 
bits of British Ley land has 
essentially been conducted in 
terms not much less erode than 
this. With good reason. Hurt 
British nationalism, scarcely veil- 
ed anti-Americanism, free-market 
ideologies and industrial vested 
interests have combined to create 
a swirling fog of emotion through 
which can be dimly glimpsed foe 
groping figures of ministers 
bumping into each other, but 

census. A permanent record of virtually nothing of the sub«an- 

ihose prepared to opt in and 
wishing to opt out of transplanta- 
tion would be established. 

Hospital records already con- 
tain name and date of birth 
which could be checked against a 
central computer registry. Doc- 
tors and nurses in intensive care 
would be obliged to consult the 
register before life-support ma- 
chines were turned off. Where the 
patient was registered as a “no”, 
relatives would not even be 

Gallup surveys show that be- 
tween January 1984 and January 
1 986 the number wbo had a card 
rose only from 20 to 21 per cent. 
The idea of a central com put- 

special factors, the number of erized register of people willing to 

transplants fell to 1.428. 

be donors has been around for 

To increase the number of some years. Its advantage is that 

« Ul pULLUUdl 

Draw your own donors; to legislate so that organs 

... vjL. r „, , could be removed from anyone 

2* after dealh unIess *■* p 6 ™" kad 

made known his objection to a 

donor organs, ministers have 
essentially four optioas: to con- 
tinue pushing the organ donor 
cards: to set up a central 
computerized register of potential 
donors; to legislate so that organs 
could be removed from anyone 

Richard Rogers, out next month, 
is that Britain's leading architect 
survived his training despite, 
rather than because of. his 
draughtsmanship. Indeed, one 
tutor apparently asked in despair 
“How can we be expected to 
make an architect oui of a man 
who cannot make two lines 
meet?" Rogers’ drawings mysteri- 
ously improved with the arrival 
of a girlfriend. Geotgie Cheese- 
man, herself now a successful 
architect During one exam, 
writes author Bryan Appleyard, 
the pair were actually caught red- 
handed swapping exam papers. 

Down the pit? 

Students at Manchester Poly- 
technic are facing a. loss of 
£10.00*3 over an act of solidarity 
with militant Merseyside miners. 
Their union loaned the money to 
NUM strikers at the Bold colliery 
in St Helens at Christmas 1984 to 
relieve hardship, with a promise 
of repayment. Students union 
president Mare Ramsbouom says 
he has failed to contact anyone at 
Bold: legal advice is now being 
sought Malcolm Gregory, sec- 
retary of Bold NUM. says he 
knows nothing of the loan and 
refused to confirm that the 
branch kitty is so broke that it 
•cannot pay funeral grams to 
•miners’ relatives: “You'd have to 
ask the treasurer, and that 
■wouldn’t do you much good 
because he can only comment 
through me, and it’s none of your 
business anyway," he said. 

central registry; or to look at 
other ideas. The government 
seems to have few of them. 

Donor cards dearly have their 
uses, but they' seem to have done 
all possible to make more organs 
available. Since they were first 
introduced in 1972. 50 million 
cards have been printed and 
distributed — one each for almost 
every man. woman and child 

Yet surveys consistently show 
that only one person in five has a 
card, and even fewer actually 
cany them. Transplant surgeons 
say they rarely if ever see one. 
The suspicion is that only about 
about 5 per cent have a card with 
them when suffering the type of 
fatal brain injury which makes 
them potential donors. 

once people have made the 
decision, the record would be 
permanent. Having it available to 
consult would make it easier for 
doctors in approaching relatives 
to ask for organs. 

But the DHSS thinks such a 
register would be too expensive; 
its estimated costs are £5.7 mil- 
lion to establish and £1.5 million 
a year to run. Ministers are 
looking at the possibility of using 
existing databases, perhaps ask- 
ing credit card holders if they 
would be willing to register as 
potential donors. These ideas do 
not seem very far advanced. 

An opting-out scheme, which 
would allow surgeons to take 
organs unless the patient had 
previously registered an 
objection, is the favoured solu- 
tion of pressure groups such as 
the British Kidney Patients 
Association. Ministers are fright- 
ened of the political implications 
of legislating on these lines and 
many surgeons fear that removal 
of organs from someone whose 
relatives later objected could 

Spending to boost take-up of harm the transplant programme. 

_ ■ _ __ .i tl. : j • 

the cards makes little difference. 
Between 1983 and 1985. the 
DHSS spent more than £T mil- 
lion on the card campaign. Yet 

The evidence, in any case, is 
that opting-out schemes do not 
significantly increase the supply 
of kidneys. France has an opting- 

out scheme but still cannot meet 

Here is the crux. There is now 
overwhelming evidence that the 
shortage of kidneys is not due to 
reluctance to donate — Gallup 
finds only 20 per cent positively 
against - but to the reluctance of 
doctors and nurses not involved 
in transplants to ask. 

Gordon Williams, the trans- 
plant specialist at Hammersmith 
Hospital in west London, says:” 
Too often, when we ask doctors 
if they will refer possible donors 
they say they never get anybody 
suitable. We know damn well 
that they do.” 

So what should ministers do? 
Their ideas at present are either 
conventional or bizarre. Some 
building societies and banks have 
been persuaded to lake donor 
cards. The CBI and companies 
will help promote them to their 
workforce. Soap operas. The 
Archers and East Enders among 
them, are being asked to write 
transplantation incidents into 
their scripts. 

But Car more aggressive ap- 
proaches are needed. In the short 
term ministers should promote 
the cards where they will have 
most effect, for example on 
petrol station forecourts where 
people who may become poten- 
tial donors in car crashes can put 
them in their wallets and purses. 
The idea of using databases 
should be vigorously pursued. 
And a simple change to foe - 
hospital admission form, asking 

tial issues involved. In these 
circumstances, a bit of over- 
simplification is the only way to 
keep a faint grip on reality. 

Pursuing this line of fooutfoi. I 
have spent some time asking a 
variety of industrialists and 
bankers the naive layman's 
question: What criteria would 
you apply in the British national 
interest in deciding whether a 
particular firm in this country 
should belong to foreigners? The 

approached. Where the answer degree of consensus and the drift 
was "yes”, transplant teams of the answers surprised me. 

would be alerted and relatives 
approached in the knowledge that 
the potential donor's own wishes 
were being carried out. 

Parents would give consent for 
their children, as happens now, 
and doctors would have to be 
aware of the time from the last 
census so that children who had 
reached the age of majority, and 
might think differently from their 
parents, could be dealt with via 
the hospital admission form. 

A form would have to be 
available for those who change 
their minds. This could be issued 
with tax returns, social security 
forms or any of the other 
paperwork generated by White- 

Such a system need not cost a 
great deal of money. Even if it 
ran into millions, it would still be 
minuscule compared with the 
cost of the transplant programme 
overall. And the number of lives 
it would save would make every 
penny spent worthwhile. 

Donor cards will not signifi- 
cantly increase the number of 
organs available for transplant. 
Twenty-five years after Britain's 
first transplant operation, a bold 
and imaginative programme is 
called for. Neither the patients in 
the transplant queue nor the clear 

The immediate reply, of 
course, is: “Provided you are 
talking about new foreign invest- 
ment, involving new plant and 
offering fresh jobs where none 
existed before, there shouldn't be 
much objection from anyone — 
except possibly indigenous com- 
petitors and they ought to be 
made to lump it,” Nobody, after 
all. supposes that it was a bad 
thing for Britain that Feud set up 
a UK subsidiary and started 
making cars here in the 1930s. 

The second answer (assuming 
that a take-over is involved) is 
that the decision depends on the 
size and nature of the business. 
Unless, as may be true in the 
case of Westland, some military 
or strategic consideration is 
involved, small or medium-sized 

firms ought to be left to the 
merries of the market (though if 

majority willing to have their 
organs used will thank ministers 

if they fail to acL 

Still no takers for Hillsborough, but 
Richard Ford finds a growing awareness of 
Northern Ireland's political realities 

Looking ahead 

Despite the reports that he is 
bound for London. Nelson 
•Mandela will be going to loftier 
places ihan Oliver Tambo’s pad 
■in Highgate if his wife Winnie 
gels her way. En route to visit her 
husband in prison, she said to 
two journalist companions as 
they passed President Botha’s 
'palatial Pretoria residence: “Slop 
■the car while I gel out and 
measure the curtains.” 

Taylor: liaison but 
no interference' 

Unionists edging 
towards the 

McCusker. ‘the politicians 
hare tailed 

jared with the merries of the market (though if 
ilant programme an outside giant seemed 
number of lives systematically to be swallowing 
>uld make every U P * whole British industry 
rth while. piecemeal, some of my infor- 

wiU not signifi- 11131115 would take a different 
the number of view )- 

for transplant. In the case of a large company, 

s after Britain's a lot of factors come into play, 
peration. a bold How many people does it 
programme is employ? Does a large compo- 
r the patients in nents industry depend on it? 
me nor the clear How much research and develop- 
to have their ment does it conduct in this 
thank ministers country? But these questions are 
a. given their real significance by 

— another- Where will corporate 

decisions be taken? 

Everybody I consulted stressed 
the crucial importance of this 
point. They were not simply 
putting forward the familiar 
• argument that a world-wide 
company strategy devised in, say, 
Detroit may suddenly cal] for a 
ruthless shift of capacity from 
Britain to a country where labour 
costs and consumption patterns 
appear to beckon. Nor were they 
just expressing the more sophis- 
ticated fear that a British subsid- 
iary might be turned into a mere 
assembly plant where other 
people's components are put 
i politicians together in accordance with other 

of peoples designs, based on re- 
en- search and development money 
<b) spent elsewhere. 

Le These are important, even vital 
the considerations, but they can be to 
an some extent taken care of. a any 
rate in the short term, by the 
by kind of “assurances" that Messrs 
in- Britian and Channon have loid 
of everyone they would get from 
ias American buyers. What cannot 
in be covered by any amount of 
an assurance is the psychological 
urt essence of the matter, which is 
HI- that managers' attitudes and 
tet decisions are powerfully in- 
£<J flue need, and often determined, 

lie by where they are situated when 
gh thev take them. An international 
he board, meeting regularly in Lon- 
-r$ don or Birmingham, will contain 
rnt a majority of men whose 
tn> thoughts arc conditioned by 
se reading British newspapers, 
sr- watching British television, 
to lunching predominantly with 
British suppliers, agents, sales- 
, I men and clients, having drinks in 
a British pubs and dubs, sending 
od their children to British schools, 
i's and dealing with British trades- 
ild men, plumbers and dustmen. So 
i al long as they are obliged by their 

a job to reside here, it doesn’t 
ry make all that much difference 
he whether they are themselves 
ift British. German. Dutch or 
American; their activities will 
of tend to be “infected" by British 
re considerations. 

>t- History is replete with illustra- 
J d uons of this "location principle", 
tie ranging from age-old (titra- 
te montane complaints about the 
— Italian complexion of the Roman 
n- Catholic church to the recent 
argument about whether BNOC 
er should go to Glasgow, Aberdeen 
*d or Dundee. What gives it its 
J P sharp edge in Britain at present is 
^d unemployment On this. I found 
striking unanimity. Everyone I 
% talked to in industry and* bank- 
's ing. including the most Coruer- 
ie varive. agrees that national 
s- stability and prosperity cannot 
ie survive if many more British jobs 
y are to be put at early or medium- 
IS term risk by foreign takeovers, 
whatever the arguments for 
*® letting market forces work to the 
if long-term advantage of con- 
d sumers. One banker summed up 
l f» the mood: “We’re no longer 
7 strong enough to proceed from 
f- principle. We just have to 
it bargain with what charms we 
have, and say ‘I won't marry you, 
r, unless you will live in my town’ ” 

/. The reaction of free-market 
it enthusiasts to all this would no 
h doubt be that it is typical 
? corporaust heresy, like the 
»- Aldington Report a few months 
s back; but, as I read them, my 
e correspondents imply a fairly 
f limited strategy. This states: (a) * 
: we should try to defend only - 
some key industries, such as cars, 
i on which a lot of employment 
directly and indirectly depends; 

(b) there is no objection to 
limited cross-holding and minor- 
ity holdings by other countries. - 
provided that the British firms 
remain free-standing under the 
control of independent boards 
located here; (c) it doesn't matter 
much whether these outside 
interests are American, European 
or Japanese so long as the main 
conditions are observed; (d) if the 
conditions are not observed, then 
the government should swallow 
its tree-market principles and 1 

step in to protea British jobs. 

■;nu ; 

i..!k i 




‘IF 1 can't find yon a 
window seat, would sitting 
by a crack do? 

Left out 

,’Jane Gabriel, who created 

■ furore over her sympathetic 
1 portrayal of the Greek com- 

■ munisis in the Channel 4 series 
, Greece ; The Hidden War, has 

pulled out of a debate at the LSE 
. today at the request of the 
• programme makers. TVS. On the 
station's Right to Reply. Sir 

■ Geoffrey Chandler, who served 
. with foe army in Greece during 
.the war, accused her of dis- 
honesty and Richard Clogg. 
Reader in Modern Greek History 
at King's College, London, wrote 
in The Times foal the series was 
“tendentious and demonstrably 
innacuraie". An unoffical court 
of inquiry has been set up by foe 
1BA to investigate the many 
complaints and TVS asked Ms 
Gabriel to withdraw from the 
debate because of what a source 
describes as “the sensitive politi- j 
cal situation” surrounding the 
investigation. “We stand by her j 
programme." said TVS executive 
producer Peter Williams. 



Something resembling a school- 
boy smirk crosses James Moly- 
neaux’s face every time be 
reminds his Official Unionist 
supporters of Mrs Thatcher’s 
troubles — Westland, growing 
personal criticism and declining 
popular support. 

To the Unionist rank and file 
the message is that this general 
unpopularity has coincided with 
foe odium she has attracted in 
Northern Ireland since signing 
foe Hillsborough agreement with 
Dublin. If this is so, it is argued, 
she may soon be seeking support 
wherever she can find it, and. on 
Hillsborough, at least, might well 
be for turning. 

It is a seductive argument, but 
deludes few with experience 
outside foe narrow confines of 
Northern Ireland. They recognize 
foal Unionists have few friends 
at Westminster and even fewer 
among foe general public, and are 
convinced that Britain has little 
desire to maintain foe Union. 
Indeed, many fear that Northern 
Ireland may provide Mrs That- 
cher with just foe issue to reverse 
her declining fortunes, by rallying 
the public to her side with a 
robust defence of the agreement. 

But as Molyneaux and Ian 
Paisley. leader of the Democratic 
Unionists, prepare for another 
meeting with the Prime Minister 
at the end of this month to. 
demand that the agreement be 
scrapped, the Unionists are 
starting to think seriously about 
their future. If nothing else foe 
agreement has forced debate 
within their ranks about their 
relationship with London and the 
Irish Republic. 

By-election votes had not even 
been casi when John Taylor, 
official Unionist MP for Strang- 
ford. outlined his idea. He has 
since been followed by two other 
ambitious and younger poli- 
ticians — Harold McCusker. 
deputy leader of foe Official 
Unionists, and Peter Robinson, 
heir apparent to Paisley. 

While all three insist the 
agreement must be scrapped 
before they talk about the future, 
their ideas implicitly recognize its 
diagnosis of the problem and its 
remedy. They are apparently 
signalling that if there must be 
links wifo foe Irish Republic, as 
indeed they seem to accept, then 
it is barer that Ulstermen are 

doing foe talking rather than proposals deliberately vague, in- would prefer to be governed by a 

perfidious Albion. 

As McCusker said: “I would 
like to have sufficient self- 
confidence that if foe Irish 
Republic decided to stick its 
finger into some aspect of life up 
here wifo a view to embarrassing 
us. we would have no difficulty 
sticking our finger into a mul- 
titude of aspects of life in the 
Republic which would equally 
embarrass them.” 

Taylor suggested devolution 

sisting they are intent only on Catholic from the North rather 
opening debate among Unionist than a Dublin minister, 
supporters. They know foe risks After ^ banning and rerom- 
mvoived m conceding my link, in& oC Orange marches in 
however tenuous, with Dublin or Ponadowo last year, be said he 

2" P P ^f r ~ 5 to n ?8 would no longer give foe RUC 

SDLP, the refusal of which was nnriiialifif*ri ami nnniiMTinnivM 

-put, idc refusal oi wmea was unqualified and unquestioning 
made a point of principle u support . having seen plastic 

1 cl— — u bullets bring fired, be demanded 

Supporters of such an ap- greater control over their use. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Readerkins, I’m 

proach accept that they are 
implicitly criticizing Unionism's 
past and present leadership, but 

The critics are also attempting 
to improve their image in 
Britain, particularly wifo Mrs 

through a committee system with they fear that foe alternative of Thatcher, » that in foe event of 

seats assigned in proportion to 
party strengths, and wifo foe 
power to administer functions 
such as education, health, agri- 
culture and social services, but 
without a power-sharing exec- 
utive or legislative function. 
Recognizing foe desire of many 
within foe province for a 
relationship with the Irish Re- 
public. Taylor proposed some 
sort of institution for liaison but 
insisted there could be no 
involvement in each other’s 
internal affairs. 

Similar kites were flown by 

’doing nothing leaves Unionism 
open to a humiliation similar to 
that of last November, when they 

a confrontation on the streets 
they will be able to argue that 
they tried to suggest a construc- 

were left sending outside foe tive alternative to Hillsborough, 
gates (jfHdlsborough Castle. lea vine foe SDLP minted as foe 

res oi niusoorougn yasut leaving foe SDLP painted as foe 
Defending h.s position. Me- obdurate party. 

Cusker said bluntly: “The poll- So far there has been little 
ticians and political parties have ^ght public opposition to 
shown they have no monopoly of their ideas, apart from requests 
ideasastohowweeangetoutof for clarification and quibbles 

opposition to 
from requests 

foe predicament we are in. The 
past generation of politicians 
failed to save Stormont; this 
generation has failed to regain it 
and has la ft slip timber 
behind." He could have added 

McCusker and Robinson. They what others are saying in private 
suggested a conference at which — that for all foe talk of influence 
an internal agreement would be at Westminster and of Enoch 
worked out between Unionists having Mrs Thatcher’s ear, they 

and constitutional nationalists, 
followed by discussions wifo 
Dublin on foe kind of relation- 
ship that would exist between 
North and South. 

“ *tot for all foe talk of influence lur D f Paisley himself, at present 
at Westminster and of Enoch ^ * strangely quiet, either 
hatnag Mis Thatcher s ear, they through lack of ideas or from a 
failed utterly to slop foe agree- judicious desire to see which way 

about the liming. But no one is 
in any doubt of foe difficulties 
ahead. The DUP would find it 
hard in foe extreme to sell the 
idea of partnership government 
with foe SDLP to its rank and 
file. It would need the imprima- 
tur of Paisley himself at present 
he is strangely quiet, either 

mem being made. 

However, McCusker is rec- 
ognized by friend and foe alike as 
a mercurial figure wifo er ra tic 

McCusker appeared to go judgement Almost four years ago 
furthest by suggesting steps to- he was at the centre of con- 

ward a body in which Ulster 
people were on an even footing 
with the British and southern 
Irish and which might oversee 
the totality of relationships 

within foe island. 

Both men have left their 

troversy over suggestions that he 
would not support a Roman 
Catholic for the job of chairman 
of foe Northern Ireland Assem- 
bly’s education committee, but in 
foe aftermath of Hillsborough he 
indicated foal his supporters 



\ • -V 




Orangemen os the march; which way will they tom? 

the wind blows. 

In foe Official Unionist Party 
McCusker and Taylor bad a 
bruising bottle for foe party’s 
European Parliament nomina- 
tion, wifo Taylor emerging as 
victor by 13 votes. The leader- 
ship must hope they squabble 
again. If not. they could form a 
formidable alliance, with 
McCusker drawing support from 
foe border constituencies and 
working class, and Taytor from \ 
foe east of foe province and i 
among foe better off. 

, However, foe innately conser- 
vative LIn-ionist community will 
probably back the Motyneaux- 
Powetl argument for integration 
wifo Britain as the one creating 
least confrontation with Britain, 
allowing them to “muddle 
through” without the risk of 
ventures into the unknown. 

No wonder Molyneaux and his 
heir apparent, foe Rev Martin 
Smyth, are thought to be biding 
their time, ready to strike back at 
their rivals for foe leadership and 
in the process to destroy ideas 
they would dismiss as dangerous 

an A fanciful. 

1 can’t believe it. I really can’t be- 
lieve it I can’t believe my 
stinking, rotten, terrible luck. I 
thought that St Valentine’s Day 
would bring this column a flood 
of persona] ads and I could pay 
off a few of my debts. Mug- 
wumps loves his Oodly-Oodly 
Babykins at £5 a line — maybe 
100 messages like that and I 
would have made £500 dear. But 

It’s enough to shake your faith 
in capitalism. I was brought up to 
believe that if people got some- 
thing for nothing they would be 
prepared to pay a lot more to get 
it expensively. Water, for in- 
stance. One day it’s dripping 
down foe hillsides and everyone 
gets it for free; foe next day 
you've got water boards and foe 
government is preparing to sell 
them off for millions. Or Call my 
Bluff For years people played it 
happily until someone discovered 
they would happily pay to watch 
other people playing it on TV. 

The same thing with Val- 
entines. You can send your loved 
one a card for almost nothing, so 
it stands to reason that people 
will pay through foe nose to put 
the same message in a news- 
paper. Year after year I’ve 
watched it happen. Now here 1 
am, with this column in a prime 
development area of The Times. 
and I naturally thought that all 
the punters would want to buy 


Tliat’s not quite true, actually. 
I did get a few stray messages. 
Here's one that floated in earlier 
in foe week which I suppose is 
meant to be a Valentine, though 
it's hard to leJL 
Leon: You never cal] me any 
more. Why not? Maggie (Not 
what I'd call a passionate 
message, and I wouldn't have 
printed it were it not for the 
accompanying wad of fivers). 
Bristow: Can I call you Sir Alan? 
Why not? Just play your cards 
right. Your oochy-coochy chop- 

per piloLfThat came with a wad 
of fivers too, and so did foe 
following). . 

Bernle: We can't go on meeting 
like this. Neil. 

Anatoli: Remember the old 
Berlin bridge? You were wonder- 
n«. The Kremlin Gang. 

Barifog Rotmykms; Thanks for 
foe fantastic plane trip. 1 shall 
never forgo. Baby Doc. 
Gnmness: How could 1 lave foat 
nasty AreyU, when we fit together 
so wonderfully? Your very own 

Wogam I love only you. IVogan. 
Brenda: Don’t fight it Give in. 

Diana: I wonder how far vou’ve 
got with that rather investing 
book on architecture I left on 
your bedside table? Charles 
Counting up foe proceeds from 

space, just one day in the year, to this meagre cmnTui ■ 
make up for all the other days, messages,*? see P ft °XJff! c " l,I,e 
And what do I get? naftrvfn c 2? c » a 

Nothing. Ez y rV 00 ?’ “».« would have 



sony. I've said that already, but nSHSOSlSS L™t 
when you look round at foe rest to eucouracc mJ,!! L| usl eno ^ 1 
of the paper and they’re makine £ one last 

of the paper and they’re making 
money hand over fist wifo 
Hedgehog. I Will Always be Your 
Cupboard Love, wdL it really 
makes you sick. You'd think that 
just a few readers would prefer to 
have their messages printed bene, 
bat what have l got? 

» next year And this time, can I 
i„ early ptetstf 
Oh, hexes a late one 

Yc A it’s me, really me! 

ArtS?KogtJr* More “ 




id W'm, 



id US ; rs 


I Pennington Street, London El. Telephone 01 481 4100 


Price of change in water policy Cross-subsidies 

So when it is suggested that a IaqqI fp^c 

paration of functions may be LJil lwg<U 1CC3 

Privacy in the relationships 
between lay citizens and 
experts to whom they turn for 
counsel and solace is a sinew 
of civilized society. A society, 
moreover, which cherishes 
individuals must seek to 
minimize the interference of 
the Slate and its courts in the 
freely-given confidences of 
individuals. The trust ex- 
tended by clients to pro- 
fessional advisers, 

parishioners to priests, pa- 
tients to doctors deserve the 
widest protection. 

The General Medical 
Council is entrusted by stat- 
ute with policing that trust 
Not before time, it realized 
this week that the prosecution 
of Mrs Wendy Savage by the 
Tower Hamlets District 
Health Authority exposed to 
public and prurient gayg 
intimate detail of consulta- 
tion and diagnosis. Revela- 
tion of case details in a public 
forum should at the very least 
have been conditional on the 
agreement of the patients. 

It turns out that the 
tardiness of the GMCs con- 
cern about confidentiality 
might have prejudiced Mrs 
Savage’s defence. There was a 
good deal of publicity of the 
cases before the prosecution 
started; at least one of the 
patients willingly identified 
herself. The tribunal is, 
rightly, to continue in public, 
covering itself with a figleaf 
by referring to cases by 
patients' initials. There are 
lessons here. 

Yet the GMCs interven- 
tion was auspiciously timed. 
For this week it has revised 
the ground rules on which it, 
acting as a proxy for the 
public, expects doctors to deal 
with a troubling class of 
individuals — pubescent girls 
who turn to doctors for 
advice about sex without die 
knowledge of their families. 

The profound ethical issues 
raised by medical counselling 
on contraception fbr teenage 
girls should ' not 
becomerallying points 
sectarians or pretexts 
institutional amour propre. No 
good purpose is served by 
trivializing them. 

Mrs Victoria Gillick distin- 
guished herself last year by 
the energy with which she 
prosecuted her legal challenge 
to medical practice. An 
ambiguity of law was detected 
and eventually — though not 
necessarily permanently — 

But neither Mrs Gillick nor 
the British Medical Associ- 
ation are in their own ways 
innocent of pride. Their 
reactions to the General 
Medical Council's stab at 
tidying-up its rules were both 
immoderate. Both were un- 
suited to the jarring complex- 
ities of a real world in which 
doctors are confronted in 
their surgeries by weeping 

In the House of Lords last 
autumn. Lord Fraser of 
Tullybeilon laid down five 
strong conditions under 
which doctors could lawfully 
dispense personal contra- 
ceptive advice. They were 
strictly worded. Yet their very 
language — words such as 
persuasion and maturity and 
understanding — had to 
reflect the subtleties of human 

The subsequent revision of 
the GMCs code has made 
more elastic the discretion of 
doctors. The GMCs reason- 
ing, following the advice of its 
lawyers, is that the contrac- 
tual nature of the confidential 
relationship between patient 
and doctor does not hold for 
juveniles who in law and in 
practice are unfitted to enter 
contracts. But the facts of life 
are that some girls younger 
than 16 are sufficiently ma- 
ture in body for sex and may 
be mature enough in mind to 
enter a relationship of trust 
with their doctor. This the 
law provides fbr. And who 
else but the doctor can judge 
maturity ? Where he judges 
his patient immature, the 
contract of confidentiality 
cannot hold. 

The GMCs new rules have 
to provide space for that 
for —judgement, for a multiplicity 
for of possible relationships be- 
tween doctor, patient and. 
necessarily, the patient's 
mother and father. 



to protect families ( that 
broad categorization, it 
should never be foigotlen, 
includes the families-in-mak- 
tng of pregnant teenagers ) 
doctors have to be allowed, 
subject to conditions, to by- 
pass the bond of trust that 
ought to link daughters and 
parents. In Great Britain we 
have, our social structure 
different from the American, 
been spared the outcrop of 
teenage pregnancy and illegiti- 
macy which now so worries 
policy makers there. But it 
would be foolhardy com- 
placency not to fear such 
trends or fail to recognize that 
the confident, caring, inter- 
communicating family is 

Doctors daily confront the 
fact of teenage sex. If they are 
conscientious they will make 
scrupulous assessments of 
their patients' emotions, at- 
tempt judgement about the 
capacity of their patients to 
understand both fan and 
values and to make, not 
necessarily with sufficient ev- 
idence. assumptions about 
their home circumstances. 

This is to ask a great deal 
of doctors, not all of whom 
are fitted by temperament or 
training for social and per- 
sonal counselling well beyond 
the bounds of conventional 
medical therapy. It is to ask 
them to put on one side their 
own standards, perhaps also 
the dictates of their religion 
and make disinterested 
assessments. It is also to ask 
much indeed of young people, 
in a sorry slate, who may in 
future have no choice but to 
confide in a doctor who 
subsequently might — for the 
best of reasons — betray that 

In counselling teenagers 
about sex without the 
involvement of parents doc- 
tors are required to make the 
best of a bad job. They are a 
disciplined profession re- 
quired to make judgements in 
unruly circumstance. The 
GMC has clarified the ground 
rules for them, but possibly at 
the cost of their young and 
uncertain patients. 

From the Chairman of the Water 
Authorities Association 
Sir. Your leading article of 
February 10 is perceptive about 
the very complex issues involved 
in the privatisation of the water 
authorities. Bui I do suggest that 
on one aspect you ask the wrong 

The water authorities have 
argued consistently far the ap- 
proach that the Government 
have adopted in the White Paper 
- that of privatising the authori- 
ties in tout, with their environ- 
mental and regulatory functions. 
We have always accepted that 
this would need to be subject to 
stringent safeguards, and the 
While Paper provides these in 
terms of the role of the Director 
General, the strong and positive 
system of licencing proposed, and 
the specific power for the 
Secretary of State to require the 
privatised authorities to give 
effect to EEC and national 
environmental policies 
Furthermore, where the actions 
of the privatised authorities 
could adversely affect third 
parties, we suggested, and the 
White Paper embodies, a system 
of appeal, combined with an 
oversight of water authorities' 
own discharges and abstractions 
to ensure even-handed treatment. 
We believe that such a system 
can work, and can work effec- 

The trouble about transferring 
the environmental responsibil- 
ities to a new outside public 
body, as you suggest, is that it 
splits the operational manage- 
ment of the system from the 
functions of resource manage- 
ment and environmental regula- 

We have experience of just 
such a structure - it existed prior 
to 1973, and it led to grave 
inefficiencies and duplication of 
effort The tensions produced 
were by no means creative, and 
the integration of all the func- 
tions in the water authorities was 
generally seen, both here and 
abroad, as a major step forward. 

needed to enable privatisation to 
go ahead, the question many of 
us ask is whether such a price 
may not be too high a one to pay 
- that in that case the whole 
policy of privatising the water 
authorities might have to be 
Yours faithfully. 

LEN HILL, Chairman, 

Water Authorities Association, 

I Queen Anne’s Gate, SW1. 
February 10. 

From Mr David Green 
Sir. If I want to dig a pond on my 
land I must obtain a licence from 
my water authority. Before I 
stock ray pond with fish I must 
have another licence. Before I 
catch fish I need another licence. 

If water runs off my farm 
buddings and disappears into my 
subsoil I must pay my water 
authority's environmental service 
charge for putting the water into 
the soiL 

But if it pops up again in a 
stream which rises on my land, 
flows through it and discharges 
into the sea without ever going 
outside my boundary I must still 
pay my water authority's 
substantial charges for an abstrac- 
tion licence. And if I pollute my 
stream my water authority will 
prosecute me and I shall be 
heavily fined though I was in no 
way at fault 

Finally if I use my stream to 
drive a water wheel to turn my 
generator I must pay for the 
water I use even though it passes 
on downriver entirety unchanged. 

There will be something to be 
said for privatising the water 
authorities if it rids us of these 
and comparable statutory out- 
rages. But Lord help us if they re- 
main intact in private bands. 
Yours faithfully. 


Rhyd yr Harding, 

Castle Morris, 

Nr Haverfordwest, 


February 10. 



I i 

-. v... 



'"V ? • 

4* . ■* 

■ LV i 

Every five years, the Soviet 
Union indulges itself in self- 
examination as it approaches 
the Congress of its Com- 
munist Party. Often the 
process is little more than a 
formality: congratulations all 
round on excellent 
progres$;confidence that the 
future will bring more of the 

But once in while, the 
pattern changes to afford d* 
glimpse of the underside of 
Soviet society: the all-perva- 
sive corruption; the poverty 
of the many and the privi- 
leges of the few; the arbitrari- 
ness of authority. And a 
discussion breaks to the 
surface - muted in the 
columns of the newspapers, 
more animated in private - 
about how the vicious circle 
of economic stagnation and 
collective disillusionment can 
be broken. 

A discussion along these 
lines is taking place in the 
Soviet Union at the moment 
before the twenty-seventh 
Congress of the Communist 
Party which opens in two 
weeks' time. With the en- 
couragement of the new 
leadership in the Kremlin, 
there is a mood for change. 

A start has already been 
made, from the top. Since 

Mikhail Gorbachev came to 
power, high offices jhave 
changed hands. The diffuse 
administrative apparatus is 
being pruned and overhauled 
to make the lines of com- 
mand clearer. And at local 
level thousands of communist 
Party officials have been 

There has even been 
oblique, but unmistakable 
criticism of the previous 
leadership. Leonid Brezhnev 
has attracted official dis- 
approval for having indulged 
in a personality cult and for 
allowing the economy to 
stagnate. There have been 
guarded references to the 
damage done to the country s 
economy and the morale of 
its people in the year 
Konstantin Chernenko was in 
power.And people have 

The new Soviet Party leader, 
Nikita Khrushchev, con- 
cluded proceedings by 
demolishing most of what his 
predecessor had stood for. 
The Stalin era was officially 

at an end. 

It is the ideological heirs of 
those communists who will 
be gathering for their Con- 
gress in Moscow later this 
month, and the circumstances 
of their meeting bear a 
striking resemblance to those 
of thirty years ago. 

Like Khrushchev, Mikhail 
Gorbachev is younger and 
more energetic than his im- 
mediate predecessors. He is 
tired of standing in the wings, 
and be wants action. 

Like Khrushchev, he 
projects himself as a man of 
the people. He visits farms 
and factories, and he talks 
about socialist democracy, 
greater popular participation 
in decision-making and more 
accountable government. 

Like Khrushchev, he is 
keen on economic change. 
And like Khrushchev, he has 
tried to dissociate himself 
from his immediate prede- 
cessors in the Soviet Union’s 
most powerful office and 
compare himself instead with 
that paradigm of Soviet 
leadership, Vladimir Ilyich 

The parallels between 1956 
and 1986 have prompted the 
thought, and in some circles 
the hope, that the twenty- 
seventh Party Congress, 
which inaugurates the 
Gorbachev leadership, will 
usher in changes no less 
momentous than those prom- 
ised by Khrushchev 30 years 

But these hopes are likely 
to be disappointed. Despite 
the superficial similarity, 
Gorbachev is in no sense the 
mould-breaker Khrushchev 
was. Gorbachev’s language 
and style of work accord fully 
with tiie demands and tra- 

wfaeels altogether and install- 
ing in their place mechanisms 
that would be more respon- 
sive to the needs of the late 
twentieth century. 

Hopes feu* change are also 
likely to be disappointed 
because of 

Gospel to cities 

From the Reverend Prebendary 
Patrick Deamley 
Sir. Your leader, ‘Taking the 
Gospel to the cities** (February 
4), is an encouragement for those 
involved in ministry in inner-city 
areas. Some of ns had begun to 
doubt whether your columnists 
and contributors who have com- 
mented on Faith in the City have 
even been inside a high-rise block 
of fiats, quite apart from having 
any sympathy with the recom- 
mendations proposed by the 
Archbishop’s commission. It is 
good to have your recognition 
that urban mission may require a 
different character from tra- 
ditional patterns of suburban and 
rural Anglicanism. However your 
concluding paragraphs contain 
two. references which call for 
some qualification. 

Firstly, clergy and congrega- 
is ait 

Hons faithfully serving urban 
parishes will take issue with your 
uncritical endorsement of the 
charge made by some politicians 
(such as those who criticised 
Faith in the City before even 
the calibre of I reading it) that the Church “does 
administrative I not even know its own business 

team. In recent weeks, some in cities", 
of those who have benefited Certainly some sections of the 
from his policy of promoting Church have appeared not to 

supposedly younger, more 
energetic and better qualified 
officials have been en- 
couraged to appear on tele- 
vision to answer viewers* 
questions. It is part of the 
new leadership’s attempt to 
present a more acceptable 

want to know about what its 
business should be in the cities; 
but others working there have 
been engaged precisely in the 
teaching and preaching ministry 
you demand, but have long seen 
their best efforts frustrated by 
inappropriate structures, inad- 
equate resources and insensitive 

face to the people, to take decision-malrinjg. 
into account - as Gorbachev I Secondly, with regard to the 
himself has been putting it - , , . _ ,, 

the "human factor**. But I Religion III India 
those faces have, with few) from Bishop Lesslie Newbii 

vexatious issue of the disposal of 
surplus buildings, you rightly 
commend their adaptation for 
use as community centres and 
also suggest their conversion to 
flats through private-sector sale. 
This latter course is liable to 
alienate the Church still further 
from the very communities it is 
seeking to serve. What of the 
interest of local residents on low 
incomes who have no opportu- 
nity of buying their own dwelling 
and are compelled to compete 
with thousands to get a high 
points score on the local 
authority's list? 

No action is more galling to 
erstwhile parishioners than to see 
their farmer church purchased by 
a property developer for conver- 
sion to luxury private flats. These 
are in turn sold to highly paid 
professionals who rarely nave 
any intention of establishing real 
roots in the community ana are 
often out of town at weekends. 

You should pause before urg- 
ing the Church to view this trend 
as necessarily a positive contribu- 
tion towards rejuvenating 
community life in the inner city. 
Such a policy particularly af- 
fronts supporters of housing 
associations and other co-op- 
erative housing schemes who 
expea Christians to be more 
concerned with people than 


i Archbishop's Officer for 
Urban Priority Areas), 

General Synod of the Church of 

Church House, 

Great Smith Street, SW1. 
February 7. 

exceptions, borne witness to 
the stultifying effects of So- 
viet bureaucracy, rather than 
to the promised rejuvenation. 

But it is past experience 
that provides the main reason 
why the hopes invested in the 
coming Party Congress are 
likely to remain unrealized. 
Even Khrushchev, with all his 
energy, originality and con- 
tempt for the past, was unable 
to lighten significantly the 
dead weight of ideology on 
Soviet society. He put an end 
to the terror. But he could do 
little more. To re-read 
Khrushchev’s denunciation of 
Stalin, delivered in secret 
session 30 years ago, is to 
realize just how much - not 
how little - of Stalin’s Russia 
lives on. 

Gorbachev has some forces 
for change on his side. He is 
not, as Khrushchev was, in 
conflict with much of the 
Party apparatus, nor is he 
likely to be. He has 


Sir, Having just returned from 
three weeks in India I have read 
with interest your leader (Feb- 
ruary 10) on the visits of the 
Pope and the Archbishop to that 
sub-continent. The united 
churches of North and South 
India will be touched by the 
thought that the still divided 
Christians of England are so 
much concerned for unity in 

Their oxwing churches (one 
diocese of the Church of South 
India has doubled its member- 
ship in ten years) will be 
interested in your advice about 
priorities in evangelism, which 
might perhaps be offered to the 
shrinking churches in England, " 

Their two million members will 
receive the Archbishop with joy, 
affection and honour, but they 
will not ask (as you suggest) for 
“doser incorporation into the 
international life of the Anglican 
family of churches”. They have 

already close and growing rela- 

dons wih a much wider family _ RNTHARD RHODES JAMES, 
of churches. 15 Almoners Avenue, 

I confess that in reading your 
article I was irresistibly reminded 
of the famous poster which (I 
had thought) aptly represented 
the thought of an earlier age: 

“Fog in the Channel; Continent, 

From Mr Donald R. Chilvers 
Sir, May I. as someone who was 
closely involved in the indepen- 
dent review of fees for criminal 
legal aid work at the Bar, 
comment on the two articles 
which have recently appeared in 
your newspaper on this subject 

Both your leader (February 1 1) 
and Mr Levin's article (Febniary 
12) imply an air of unreality in 
the debate. The leader suggested 
that the profession's own conven- 
tions should be streamlined so as 
to achieve greater productivity. I 
think this was also Mr Levin’s 
main purpose. Your leader also 
implied that unreality had crept 
in to the extent that a criminal 
barrister's supplementary income 
from civil work should be taken 
into account. 

The question of productivity is 
a fair one; we would have 
expected it to be raised in any 
negotiations. The Bar are willing 
to address it, but the Lord 
Chancellor's Deportment have 
declined to negotiate and ques- 
tions, of productivity have there- 
fore hot been discussed. 

To suggest that criminal bar- 
risters should cross-subsidize 
their criminal legal aid fees with 
earnings from other kinds of 
work is. however, much more 
dubious. Firstly, it ignores the 
large number of barristers who 
spemalise exclusively in criminal 
work. Secondly, those barristers 
with mixed practices (criminal 
and civil) in fea do little better 
than those who specialise in 

Most important, however, is 
that to rely on cross-subsidization 
to enable banisters to achieve 
acceptable incomes is to concede 
that the fee rates for criminal 
foal aid work do not provide 
“lair and reasonable’' rewards - 
although the Lord Chancellor has 
a duty to have regard to this. 

Coopers & Lybrand, 

Plum tree Court, EC4. 

February II 

Museum charges 

From Mr Peter B. Miller 
Sir, I was interested to read in 
last Tuesday's Times (February 
4) of the “virtual halving" of 
attendances at the Victoria & 
Albert Museum following the 
introduction of a voluntary 
admission fee. 

At the York City Art Gallery 
we suffered a similar experience. 
After introducing an admission 
charge of 20p in 1981 (now 50p) 
attendances fell from 117,000 to 
50,000 and have not really 
recovered since. 

It was therefore an ironic 
coincidence to read the report in 
The Times on the same day that 
it was announced that charges 
were to be abolished at York. 
Yours sincerely. 


Hon Secretary. 

The Friends of York Art Gallery, 
c/o City of York Art Gallery, 
Exhibition Square, 


February 10. 

Battles long ago 

From Mr Richard Rhodes James 
Sir. 1 was delighted to see in 
today's feature, “On this 
day"(February 7), an account of 
what the introduction described 
as “military engagements and 
skirmishes" in the far north of 
Burma, and the names of such 
places as Myiikyina, Mogaung 
and Kamaing. 

These were remote places 
indeed and those of us who 
skirmished in them in the last 
war cannot have imagined that 
they would ever again see the 
light of day. 

They recall hardship, but also a 
kind of wild beauty, and also a 
sense that we are a little less 

Yours faithfully. 

February 7. 

Yours faiihfiilly, 

Commissary of the Church of 
South India in Britain. 

15 Fox Hill, 


Jobless figures 

From Mr Paul Convery 
Sir, Your correspondent, Ronald 
Butt (February 6), is ill-advised 
to take as definitive the figures 
for the number of people in self- 
employment in his conclusion 
that the unemployment percent- 
age overstates the truth. Although 
the official labour force total (of 
the I which unemployment is ex- 

pressed as a percentage) excludes 
the self-employed, equally the 
unemployment figures discount 
many out-of-work people. 

Recent reports of rising self- 
employment are based on an 

younger generation of Party 
officials ostensibly on his 
side. He is not, as Khru- 
shchev was, hamstrung by 
officials inherited from the 

with the demands and tra- previous leadership. And he assumption that trends recorded 
ditions of the Soviet bureau- j s unlikely to prove, as by the Labour Force Survey in 
cratic apparatus. They reveal f^u^her ultimately did, 'W have continued. That 

no independent cast of mrodj ^ embarrassment to the 

Soviet State abroad. 

Gorbachev, moreover, has 
inherited a population which 
is more eager for change than 
nostalgic for the past What 
has yet to be proved is that he 

O — — —Z — , 

Gorbachev can see, indeed 
he has experienced at first 

survey, however, indicated 
some 870,000 extra 

started to reminisce about the faan ^ how w heels of 

events of thirty years affg- ^ bureaucracy have grown 
It was on February 14 iro> ^ ow0 ^ years, and he wants 

that Soviet comm musts gatn- oiJ But he has so far 

ered in Moscow for their nQ intimation that he ^as the will for change - real i 

regular Party Congress, tne ^^ts - or would even be change. So far, the signs have ; 

twentieth. It turned out to oe _ 0 f removing those not been encouraging, 

a highly irregular meeting. 


that some 870,000 extra people 
are seeking work, although they 
are not registered as receiving 
unemployment benefits and do 
not therefore appear in the 
monthly riaimani count, which 
currently stands at 3,407,700. 

Your readers might also recall 
that changes to the counting 
method, introduced in Novem- 
ber. 1982, cause the unemploy- 

ment total to be artificially 
reduced- Using the Unemploy- 
ment Unit's computerised index, 
we calculate an unemployed 
claimant total of 3,801,100 - an 
unemployment rate of approxi- 
mately 15.5 per cent. 

That surely is an alarming 
prospect for the Government. 
Yours faithfully. 

Unemployment Unit, 

9 Poland Street, WI. 

February 6. 

Some chicken 

From the Curator of Marytebone 
Cricket Club 

Sir, American takeovers have 
clearly reached a dangerous leveL 
1 have just received a letter 
from an overseas sporting maga- 
zine addressed (complete with 
post code) to the Maryland 
Cricket Club, Lord’s Ground, 

Yours faithfully. 

Marylebone Cricket Club, 

Lord’s Ground, NWS. 

February 10. 

Short commons 

From Mrs Mary FeUgetl 
Sir. Is Digby Anderson's article 
(February 4) meant to be helpful 
to students, or is the whole thing 
a joke? 

University students as a group 
are intelligent and hardworking. 
They have used these talents to 
pass examinations at school, and 
at university they are deeply 
involved in learning how to 
study further, to assess, to 
concentrate and to absorb more 
advanced concepts. 

In so doing they enhance their 
own lives and those of the 
community they will live in after 
leaving university, both culturally 
and economically. To accomplish 
these things lakes more time and 
hard work than many of their 
contemporaries would find 

They simply do not have the 
time for selective shopping, nor 
do they have the skills or the 
facilities for the advanced cook- 
ery Mr Anderson suggests. He 
says, “I assume home-made 
bread throughout". 1 suggest he 
tries to make bread with the 
equipment available in a typical 
student residence. 

Yours faithfully, 


48 Northcourl Avenue, 



Febniary 5. 

FEBRUARY 14 1872 

The insurrection in Paris began i 
March 187] and the Commune 
was proclaimed on the 28th. On 
May 25 the insurgents murdered 
die Dominicans of Arcueil in the 
Avenue d'halie. On May 28 the 
city was captured by government 
troops ana during the following 
year a number of communists 
were executed for the murders. 





It is with the examination of the 
witnesses that the real business of 
the Court-martial may be said to 
begin, and the evidence was 
yesterday unusually to the point. 
A few witnesses were, indeed, 
brought into court who might 
have been much better kept out, 
as they had nothing to say and 
only wasted time; but. on the 
other band, three or four gave 
crushing testimony against at 
least one of the accused - Serizkr. 
Four of the witnesses were 
actually among the hostages 
marked down for slaughter, and 
some of their adventures would be 
almost too startling and improba 
ble for a sensation novel. To the 
first, who came before the Court 
in his Dominican's dress, a white, 
coarse gown of flannel, with black, 
hooded cloak, and whose jovial 
red face, bright eye, and luxuriant 
moustache and beard made the 
F6deres banteringly remark that 
“he would be a capital colonel," I 
have already referred as the priest 
who having changed his eeclesias 
tical for civilian's clothes, was 
enabled to lag behind and escape 
when his Federal escort hurried 
on in a fright out of reach of the 
Versa illais bullets. He could say 
nothing about the actual massacre 
except that he found the bodies of 
his friends bearing marks of the 
most revolting treatment, some of 
which be rWimwl hinmif unable 
publicly to describe; but his 
evidence completely bore out what 
I have already written about the 
plundering of the hostages when 
they were first arrested, and the 
brutal insults and threats which 
were almost incessantly heaped on 
them. Another witness • a priest 
had been with the victims all 
through, and had had an almost 
miraculous escape. When they 
were brought out of prison for the 
last time, he saw the Federal* 
drawn up in the court to receive 
them. load their rifles; and he 
heard a woman near him tell one 
of the men to “keep the trigger 
full -cocked, that not one of the — 

— might escape.” He and the 
rest then received the order to 
leave the court one by one - an or 
der which was not, however 
obeyed, as about eight of the 
priests stepped out together. In an 
instant he heard a volley, and saw 
two of the eight fall to the ground, 
and he then (led, he scarcely 
seems to remember how or where 

- the F£d£i£s firing wildly at him 
as he ran until he was taken into 

house, allowed to change his 
clothes, and kept hidden in the 
cellar for an hour until the 
Versailles troops carried the 
street. He found bullet-holes in 
his coat, but had received himself 
no injury whatever. He attributes 
this marvellous escape to the fact 
that most of the F£d£r£s 
especially the more ferocious - 
were so drunk that near to him as 
they were they could not take 
accurate aim; and besides, as 
every man selected at pleasure his 
own target, a great many shots 
were wasted upon those hostages 
who, being already wounded, 
could not run quickly, to the 
neglect of less conspicuous fugi 
lives who had never been touched 
at all. 

Another witness had had. if 
possible, a still narrower escape. 
When he heard the first volley, 
and saw some of the monks fall, 
he rushed up a staircase close by - 
how many flights of stairs he 
declares he has no recollection - 
but was peremptorily driven down 
again by a woman, who declared 
that be would compromise the 
house and get all its inmates shot 
He ran down at once, and, the 
F6der£s being busy loading and 
firing at the flying or the wounded 
monks, he was able to slip by 
them and get into a cellar. Not 
long afterwards he heard a party 
coming down to search it. and. 
finding a doorway in one of its 
corners, he passed through and 
held the door fast shut from the 
inside while they tried to open it. 
They thought it was locked and 
went away. Fearing another 
search there, he went up into the 

street (I ought, perhaps, to have 

mentioned that he was in lay 

dress, and had therefore a chance 
of passing unnoticed), but was 
soon stopped by three National 
Guards, who wanted him to stand 
up quietly and be shot then and 
there like a good citizen. He 
protested most energetically that 

nothing would induce him to 
consent to being shot until be had 
gone through some sort of trial; 
that he was as good a Republican 
as they were, and that the very 
least they could do was to take 
him to an officer. If the officer 
sentenced him to death, then he 
would stand up with his back to a 
wall and be shot like a citizen and 
a nwft 

Meaningful terms 

From Mrs Henrietta Griffin 
Sir. When in New York some 
years ago, a friend of mine had to 
be taken to hospital very sud- 
denly. I bought him a pair of 
pyjamas and the label inside 
read. "Specially tailored to fit the 
human figure". 

Yours faithfully. 

Barton's Cottage. 

Bushy Park. 



February 5. 




■iil :r. 
'■>t u. 

s C'il- 

. by; 
“(•. \ 
"a; ;r. 





r.-_ -l 

7 -s- 

• C-: 




?‘j ■ t 

• :-.*C 

»P er- 


























“ . " ■ • > » -i— ;■ 7;v 





* r.r '■•■>.*-*■ ,vr.- »»: « —v jr. 



- ■February I3z Miss Victoria 
.. «, Leggc-Boorke and the Hon 
Jane Walsh had the honour of 
*■ ;■ being received by The Queen 
i •*■■. this morning when Her Maj- 
•».? esty invested them with the 
« /-Insignia of Lieutenants of the 
- Royal Victorian Older. 

Mr Alan Hancock had the 
, .honour of being received by 
' The Queen when Her Majesty 
-^■'invested him with the Insignia 
■■■■' of a Member of the Royal 
.''■-■Victorian Order. 

■ . His Excellency Mr Suhartoyo 
-was received in audience by 
The Queen and presented the 
. . Letters of Recall of his prede- 
- *' cessor and his own Letters oi 
'• ' Credence as Ambassador 
-."Extraordinary and Pleni- 
T - " potentiary from Indonesia to 
. • the Court of St James's. 

• • His Excellency was accompa- 
*•«-; nied by the following members 
i. of the Embassy who had the 
honour of being received by 
, . Her Majesty: Mr Pratjojo 
. ’ ' (Minister). Mr Rafaardjo 
Jam tom o (Counsellor (Eco- 
nomic)), Mr Wahyu Ananda 
■ Miftach (Counsellor (Informa- 
t..— .lion)), Mr Moehardjo 
. Moestopo (Counsellor (Admin- 
._ „ istration)). Mr Ibau Sanyato 
i'. - .(2nd Secretary (Administra- 
1 . ‘ lion)), Mr Sofjan Abdurrahman 
(3rd Secretary (Protocol and 
• ~ - Consular)) and Colonel Jaohari 
*' ' Nataatmadja (Defence Ana- 
■ ' che). 

Mrs Suhartoyo had the 
«" -honour of being received by 
The Queen. 

. Sir William Harding (Deputy 
Under-Secretary of State for 
. - Foreign and Commonwealth 
! 'Affairs), who had the honour of 
being received by Her Majesty. 

■ " was present and the Gentlemen 
'■ of the Household in Waiting 
• were in attendance. 

‘ Mr P.A. Raftery was received 
in audience by The Queen and 
kissed hands upon his appoim- 
„ ment as British High Commis- 

sioner to the Republic of addressed the Royal Institute 
Botswana. of International Affairs on the 

Mrs Raftery had the honour work of the Fund at Chatham 
of bong received by Her House. Si James's Square. 
Majesty. London. SW1. 

His Excellency Mr Cedric Her Royal Highness was 
Ludrie Joseph and Mrs Joseph received by the chairman of 
were received in farcwdl audi- the Institute (Mr Christopher 
ence by The Queen and took Tugendhat) and the Director 
leave upon His Excellency (Admiral air Jama Eberie). 
relinquishing his appointment The Princess Anne, Mrs 
as High Commissioner for Mark Phillips, President of the 
Guyana in London. Save the Children Fund, this 

Lieutenant-Colonel Jack evening attended the West- 
Sienhouse had the honour of minster Christmas Appal 
being received by The Queen Trust Reception at MEPC 
upon relinquishing his appoint- Office, Brooke House, London, 
ment as Equerry to The Prince Wl. 

of Wales, when Her Majesty Her Royal Highness was 
invested him with the Insignia received by the Deputy Lord 
of a Member of the Royal Mayor of Westminster (Coun- 
Victorian Order. riUor Mis Haywood) and the 

The Queen this afternoon Chairman of the Fund (Mr 
visited the new Headquarters Giles Witherington). 
of the Royal Society of Health The Hot Mrs Legge-Bourke 
at 38A St George's Drive, was in attendance. 

London. SW 1 . YORK HOUSE 

Having been received by the ST JAMES'S PALACE 
Lord Mayor of Westminster February 13: The Duke of 

(Councillor Roger Bramble) Kent, vice Chairman of the 
and the Chairman of the British Overseas Trade Board, 
Council, Royal Society of today vsiited Oxford Magnet 
Health (Miss Beryl Jacob), Her Technology Limited and 
Majesty unveiled a common o- Analysis Automation Limited, 
rative plaque and opened Eynsham, Oxfordshire. 

Royal Society of Health House. Captain Michael Campbell- 

Lady Abel Smith, Mr Lamerton was in attendance. 

Kenneth Scott and Lieutenant- February 12: The Duke of 

Royal Society of Health House. 

Lady Abel Smith, Mr 
Kenneth Soon and Lieutenant-, 


Ecumenical experiment in the 
Church of South India 

The Right Rev Michael 
Hollis, who died on February 
11 at the age of 86 ,. was a 
former Bishop of -Madras and 
Moderator of -the Church of 
South India, who devoted his 
minis try to an attempt to 
unify the different Oinstian 
denominations in - order to 
the missionary effort 

more effective. v 

- Arthur Michael Hoffis, was 

himself with vigour into the 
s che mes for Christian reunion 
which became known as the 
South India Scheme- 
In the eyes of the Church 
authorities at home - particu- 
larly in those of Archbishop 
Fisher, then Archbishop of 
Canterbury - such schemes 
were premature and dan- 
gerous since the Church of 
England claimed the pos- 

bora on June 13, 1899, the session of the Apostolic 
eldest son of the Right Rev Succession for its bishops, 
George Arthur Hoffis, Bishop and msrsttd on the coo- 
of Taunton- He was the sequent validity of its sac- 
brotber of Sir Roger Hoffis. ramems, wink: such ; validity 
former head of MI5, and could not be dawned for the 

Colonel Blair Stewart-Wilsonf Kent, as Colonel, today re- 
were in attendance. ceived Lieutenant Colonel 

Vice-Admiral Sir Peter John Kiszely on bis assuming 
Ashmore bad the honour of command of the 1st Battalion 
being received by The Queen Scots Guards and Colonel Kim 
this evening upon relinquishing Ross on his relinquishing the 
his appointment as Master of appointment, 
the Household. The Duchess of Kent re- 

The Right Hon Margaret turned to RAF Northoft this 
Thatcher, MP (Prime Minister evening having undertaken 
and First Lord of the Treasury) engagements in Northern Ire- 
had an audience of Her land. 

Majesty. Her Royal Highness, who 

The Duke of Edinburgh, travelled in an aircraft of The 
President of the Common- Queen's Flight, was attended 
wealth Gama Federation, this by Mrs David Napier. . 

evening gave a Reception at - — 

Buckingham Palace for the A memorial service for Philip 
XU1 Commonwealth Gama Larkin. CH, will be held in 
Organising Committee's Ap- Westminster Abbey today at 
pea I Fund. noon. 

The Princess Anne, Mis Mark ■ ■■ 1 .■ 1 ■■ - 

hiJIips, President of the Save The Prince of Liechtenstein is 
the Children Fund, today 41 today. 

and Science of the Federal 
Republic of Germany. Fran Dr 
Wilms win be accompanied by 
senior officials of the German 
Federal Ministry for Education 
and Science. Dr Eberhard 
Boening and Herr Alfred 


Chartered S ur v ey or s ’ 


The Chartered Surveyors’ 

Birthdays today Receptions 

. The Right Rev Peter and the 
. Right Rev Michael Ball, 54 ; Sir 
John Clark, 60; Lieutenant- 
, ‘ Colonel M. St J.V. Gibbs. 69; 
.Sir Derrick Holden-Brown. 63: 
Mr Kevin Keegan, 35: Mr John 
•'■'•'MacGregor, MP, 49: Mr Wil- 
1 liam Mann, 62; -the Hon 
Christopher Monclnon, 34; 
Countess Moonthatten of 
... Burma, 62; Professor Sir 
r . . Charles Oailey, 82; the Hon 
.Hanning Philipps, 82: Profes- 
’’ sor RJ.V. Pulvertaft, 89; Mr 
' Michael Rodman, 47; Dr 
Albert Soman. 65; Sir- Nicol 
■ - Sienhouse, 75; Mr 'Jocelyn 
Stevens, 54; Mr D.M. Stewart, 

Heritage of Landau Trust and 
St Bartholomew's Hospital 
The Duke of Gloucester, pa- 
tron of the Heritage of London 
Trust and president of St 
Bartholomew’s Hospital, was 
present at a reception held at 
the hospital last night. He -was 
received by the Lord Mayor, 
the Sheriffs, the Chairman of 
the City and Hackney Health 
Authority, and the Chairman 
of the Trust 
Middlesex Polytechnic 
Dr Raymond Rickett, Director 
of Middlesex Polytechnic, to- 
day gives a reception in honour 
of the visit to the polytechnic 
of Frau Dr Dorothee Wilms, 
Federal Minister for Education . 

Mr Miles Uttlewort assistant director of the National Stud at Newmarket, with the bay 
colt (left) born to Sborthonse (right) sired by Valiyar (Photograph: Ros Drinkwater). 


Reserves for coins too high 

of Taunton. He was the 
brother of Sir Roger Hoffis, 
limner head of MI5, and 
Christopher HoHis,ihe writer. 

He was educated al Leeds 
Grammar SchooL and, after a 
short period of military ser- 
vice at foe end. of the first 
World War, at Trinity Col- 
lege, Oxford, wbere he read 
Mods and Greats. 

He was.tben ordained, and 
after a short teem as curate at 
Si Andrew’s Huddersfield, re- 
turned to Oxford as chaplain 
and fellow of Hertford Col- 
lege, where he remained until 

He then went out to India 
as a professor at The Bishop’s 
Theological Seminary at 
Tinnervefiy. In 1942 be was 
appointed Bishop of Madras. 

Nonconformist bodies. 

Therefore in 1947 Hollis 
was compelled to resign foe 
Anglican bishopric of Madras 
and Haimeri merely for the 
next seven years foe title of 
Bishop in Madras, becoming 
in 1948 Moderator of foe 
Church of South India, a post 
he held until 1954. 

From 1955 to I960 he was 
Professor of Chnrcb History 
at the United Theological 
College, Bangalore, after 
which be retired to England 
and dining bis remaining 
years acted as assistant-bishop 
m Sheffield and in foe Di- 
ocese of St Edmundsbuiy and 

It is easy to understand 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

A collection of British coins about foe time the coin mar- 1656; it v 
formed as an investment came ket was at its peak after a steep the Jap 
seriously unstuck at Sotheby’s rise in price through foe 1970s. store, wfa 

yesterday with 56 per cent left 
unsold, and a total of only 

' The sale bad come dose to 
I cancellation two days ago 
| when foe owner and Sotheby’s 
found themselves in slurp 
disagreement over the value of 
the coins. 

It is understood that 
Sotheby’s refused to handle 
foe sale if the reserves were set 
too high, and most of the main 
dealers in the field had been 
warned that the sale might be 
cancelled In the event a 
compromise was struck but 
many reserves were still too 
high for the market 

The collection was formed 
mostly between 1978 and 1981, 

In more recent tunes the death 
of some significant collectors 
has brought an abundance of 
rare British coins onto the 
market and prices have Mien. 

Moreover, the collection 
was formed through Spink 
and Son, the main London 
coin dealers. In effect, the 
collector had bought his coins 
at retail prices and was hoping 
to sell wholesale al a profit. 
The profit did not materialize. 

Nevertheless, there was a 
selection of high prices for 
rarities. The top price was 

£ 10,120 (estimate £ 6 , 000 - 
£ 8 , 000 ) for a silver broad 
issued by Oliver Cromwell in 

Science report 

Canmov brid its ° seminiu- T *° clties Cbri> Colonel Commandant Royal 

dinnei^at Tallow Chandlers’ ^ GovCTT ? m cm Chief Whip, Marines. 

Hall last nizhi The dinner was accompanied by Mrs The Com m a nd a n t General 
foe t^Ught ^ofa wxk-lona Wakefaam. was the guest of Royal Marines and Lady W0- 
seminarentitled “Focus onto honour ami gwako; ai a dinner kins were the hosts. Other 

Commercial Activites of foe gu f*^. IDd ^ i; 

Citv of London** run in c,ub at St Emin's Hotel last Lord and La 

^unrtion the^ City ^ 

University Business SchooL Arthur 

The Master, Mr R.WJ». Luff. Joocs 2,50 s P° kc - * ador _®f foe N« 

presided and received the - 


KKASS Festival of Music 

Chandlers' Company were 1 oor 

among the guests. 1^00 

The Secretary of State far 
Greater London Territorial Defence and Mis Younger were 

Amtitiary and Vafanteer the principal guests at last 

Reserve Association night's Mountbatten Festival of 

The Territorial Auxiliary and Music performed by foe 
Volunteer Reserve Association Massed Bands of Her Majesty's 
for Greater London held a Royal Marines and the Pipes, 
dinner last night at the Duke of Drums and Dancers of the 
York’s Headquarters. Chelsea, Argyll and Sutherland High- 

» earthquake test 

By B31 Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 

Analysis and tests on foe 

• .design of two hydroelectric 
' power plants hi Chile have 
‘ -riven engineers at Siemens, the 

• T 1 German electrical riant, an 
' ■ insight into constructing plants 
'-■.that can withstand the effects 

• of violent earthquakes. 

Work conducted on the 
Cofbsm and Machknra com- 
plexes in Chile has exposed 
design problems which most be 
solved if st roctnres are to 
remain stable durin g every 
- phase of a major earthquake. 
According to the Siemens 
researchers, there are each 
yearappnntimately two heavy 
earthquakes (mamritade be- 
tween Vm and KtotoSe)300 

medium-intensity earthquakes 

• ( m agn itu de between V and VI) 
■'md 50J>00 weak earthquakes 
’ .(magnitude between IQ and 


, In Chile, the designers 'say, 
, an earthquake of maguitaAe VI 
V .oc curs mi average once every 
$jx years.This imposes many 
requirements on die design ot 
‘ 'hydroelectric stations and 
.'plant, hi certate cases exceed- 
ing those placed on unclear 
•power stations. 

-'-"In such areas, a hyriredee- 
„ jric station mast therefore be 
capable of remaining in foil 
operation before, dining and 
; ■ after mi earthquake without 

damage or impairm ent to foe 
equip me n t . — A s more hydro- 
electric power plants are being 
beilt throughout the world, foe 
importance of considering resis- 
tance to earthquakes to foe 
planning stage therefore in- 
creases accordingly ,' 1 they add. 

The stresses caused by the 
movement of the geological 
crust in an earthquake have 
presented peculiar problems fiir 
Siemens to solve. 

About 90 per cent of earth- 
quakes are tectonic- those which 
release abrupt stresses to low- 
lying strata of the earth- down 
to a depth of 700 kilometres. 
Subsidence earthquakes caned 
by volcanic actirity are less 

The heriaoncal p rop a g ate d 
wave produced by tectonic 
earthquakes is the principal 
cause of stress and loading on 
any Installation on the earth’s 

The additional forces acting 
on equipment ia the power 
station may also be particularly 
severe when the naiaral fre- 
quency of such machinery lies 
within the range at the fre- 
quency range of foe earth- 

The Siemens researc h pro- 
duced designs to cope with 
those primary somees of struc- 
tural stress. 

1656; it was bought by Seibn. 
the Japanese department 
store, which has a representa- 
tive on the board of Sotheby’s. 

The gold sovereign of Hen - 1 
Ty VII is one of die most 
sought after of the British , 
series and went for £9,900 1 
(estimate £7,000^9,000) to ! 
Spink. r • ; 

Sotheby's sale of Russian j 
paintings made £33^585 with ; 
30 per cent left unsold. The | 
painting on which their big- 
gest hopes were based, a 
portrait of Prince -&tix 
Vusupov in military uniform 
holding the bridle ofhishcase, 
by one of the greatest Russian 
nineteenth century portrait-' 
ists, Valentin Serov, railed to 
sell and was bought in at 
£38.000 (estimate £40,000- 

Kent,’ FRS. gave an address 
Amor® those pre sent were: 

Mrs Ion Cwtdowj.'vr wnuam Reid 
DKK. Laity Northbrook. Mr Francis 

Professor j L Knfl] <Actk*g pwUcdl 

He was keenly conscious of how in the 1940s his 
the small impression which _ ecumenical projects might 
Christian missionary effort have seemed to some too dar- 
had made on the Indian jng. but it might be thought 

population. This was, in his ths 
opinion, partly because the wt 
missionaries - and in particu- ret 
lar the Anglican missionaries . vo 
- allowed their mission to be 
too much identified with Brit- pc 
idi imperialism and were too pu 
concerned to teach the In- an 
(bans to adopt English habits, oil 
and partly because of the fin 
confusion caused in syncretis- va 

that the changes of the- times 
would bays brought him in 
recent .years into higher fa- 

But he was entirely without 
personal ambition and never 
pushed himself forward or in 

any way C 0 DipEmned : when 
others received the publicity 
for projects which he had ad- 
vanceo in the face .of oppo- 

dc Hindu minds by the rival- giion many years before, 
lies of the different Christian He marned Mary Cordelia 

denominations, each claiming Burn, da 
exclusive possession of the Dean of 
entire Christian truth. . They had 
This caused him to throw birth. 

married Mary Cordelia 
, daughter of the then 
of Salisbury, in 1935. 
had one son who died at 


Festival of Music 

The Secretary of State for 
Defence and Mis Younger were 
the principal guests at last 
night s Mountbatten Festival of 
Music performed by the 
Massed Bands of Her Majesty’s 
Royal Marines and the Pipes, 

Land and Lady Trefgarne, SSST'and 
*he NoiweM Ambassador Dtwt h«t-of 

and Mrs Busch, '-the ■■Ambn»«--.--S*<j ,,< w- tin uk. Sw 

Oo*f>g*cal So5fty . -OwSgy Todays 
saoor ot toe Nethertanqs and-.- a* insdtuuan ^.Muune arwi.MK- 

IS3 JFSSWS& ^zsssz&’ssss. 

Chief Marshal Sir Patrick and . ■. ■ .... — ■- . ■ ... 

Frauds Holland 
Admiral Sir Anthony and Lady School 
Tippet, Vice-Admiral and Mrs 

dTb js FafSB® 

Guy Wanadc, who died os 
Febnrazy 12 at the age of 86 , 
was known principally ss the 
first conductor of the BBC 
Scottish Orchestra and as the 
composer of some effective 
film music. 

Born in Edinburgh on. 
February 8 ^ .1900. he was 
educated at Wmefacsier and 
Magdalen. College, ^Oxford, 
and studied at the Royal 

folly through the difficult war 

, He left in 1945 to become 
conductor of the Sadler's 
Wells Theatre Ballet, for 
whom he also made some 
ar r an gements. * 

. As a composer, Wanack 
had an early success With a 
number ."of works, among 
tfienra Symphony arid a set 
of Variations for Orchestra 

Francis Holland 

College of Music. There he ^ Tow in his 

was a pupil. oU Sir Adrian ConcOts). " 'also 

Boult for conducting and of wpte a number of smaller 
Vaughan Wdliamsfor com- I®®* for piano and organ, 
position, and won the Tagore some charming songs, and a 
Gold Medal as the outstand- wiuy “’Fugal Hues”. 

Admiral and Mrs D B Bathurst 
and the Very Rev William 
Badddey, Chairman of the 
Malcolm Sargent Cancer Fund 
for Children. 

to welcome their new presi- 
dent, Field Marshal Sir Edwin 
Bramah, Lord Lieutenant of 
Greater London. Others 
present in c lu de d Viscount Rid- 
ley (President, TA Council) 
and Honorary Colo Dels of 
Greater London Volunteer 



Mr SJL Plumps 
and the Hou Sophia Vane 
Tbc e n g ageme nt is announced 
between Simon, youngest son 
of the late Mr PJ. Phillips and 
of Mrs Phillips, of Gustaxd 
Wood, Hertfordshire, and So- 
phia, third daughter of Lord 

landers at the Albert Hall in 
aid of the Malcolm Sargent 
Fund for Children, Royal 
Marines and other selected 

The annual festival is a 
tribute to the late Admiral of 
the Fleet, Earl Mountbatten of 
Burma, formerly Honorary 

Mr P.K. Berry 

and Miss A.W. Hutton 

The engagement is announced 

between Paul, only son of Mr 

and Mrs K.R. Berry, of Bcsdull- 

oo-Sea, Sussex, and Amanda, 

elder daughter of Mr M.W. 

Hutton and the 

late Mrs Hutton, of Houghton, 


Mr M.W. Buckley 
and Miss CA- Bur n ash 

Memorial service 

Mr D Ion 

A service of remembrance and 
thanksgiving for the life of Dan 
Ion, ute President of the 
Institute of Geologists, was 
bdd at St James's, Piccadilly, 
on Tuesday, February 1 1, 1986, 
The Rev Donald Reeves offici- 
ated. The lesson was read by' 
Mr Claude Burajjj and Sir Peter 

Mr N.AJL Llewellyn 
and Miss JJX Beyle 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel Anthony Leigh, 
younger son of Mr and Mrs 
rLA. LteweQyn, of Wiimskiw, 
Cheshire, and Julia Denise, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
K. Royle, of Goostrey, Chesh- 

(Graham Terrace) on ' Tbuxs- , 
day, February 27, 1986, at 1 
6.30pm. The headmistress 
would be delighted to see as 
many old girls as can attend. 
RSVP 01 -730-297 h 

HaUeybury . 

The- choir of HaUeybury and 
the director of music, Mr Jack 
Hindmarsh, win give a choral 
and organ recital at the Church 
of St Lawrence Jewry, next 
Guildhall, at l pm on Thurs- 
day, February 20, 1986. 

Mr DJ, Rnttcr 
and Miss JJ». Gflby 
The engagement is announced 
between David. Leslie, eldest 
son . of Mr and Mrs Brian 
Rutter; of Cheam, Surrey, and 

ing student of his year. I® 5 idiom,- academically 

a. _ ' „ skilful and marked with an 

L,“ * 25 , "SaJS “Passive feeling for cfaro- 
fe? 111360 ftaraonylaid apt give 

fvmnpxK fon»ntf bis more ambitious w>rks an 

ex| doring appeal but his fine 
some of winch he^edi ted, a nd craftsmanship made him a 

successful film composer in 
and post-war years. He 

Wrote ** mudc for 1948 
SSLSrtS?Si t .STS SW Games film (a score 

Society, but left in 1934 to 
form and become chief con- 
ductor of the BBC Scottish 

He quickly made this, in 

that : included (he dever 
Marathon Fugue) and the 
1952 Coronation film. 

His literary and scholarly 

interests led, apart from the 
a wSb editing of music, to a history 

an adveX^S »ftha Royal-Collcsa of Music 
and an amusing study, Sher- 

1 iock. Holmes and Music 
me tor introducmg to Britain / 1947 V wx «« 

too™ oomposas of all. „ ^ and pubUsbod 

^ ,- 5 ome articles on mathemati- 

At his best when faced with cal subjects, 
the challenge of new or Until ill-heallh intervened 

Jane Patricia, only daughter of I UMU to-aeaitn u 

Mr and Mrs Gordon Guby, of I » nfemtha r music, he formed when he was 80, be 

Mr J3. : 
and Miss 

countfDu^^ 1 ’ ^ elaby ’ Jhe engagement is annou n ced The engagement is announced 
county Uurnam. u««h« »» u. 1 — r 1 ~r 










rffn nm 


Measurable oily with seismographs 
Barely perceptible by human beings 
Perceptible ground tremble 
Crockery rattles 

Human beings awake, objects sway 

Damage to plastering 

Cracks in waHs 

Heavy cracks to masonry 

House wafls collapse 

Buildings collapse 

Sir James Graham, BL 
and Miss H- Grabort 
The engagement is announced, 
and the marriage will shortly 
take place, between James, 
eldest son of the Me Sir 
Richard Graham, Bl, and of 
Lady Graham, of Norton 
Conyers. Ripon, Yorkshire, 
and Haiina, daughter of the 
late Wiktor Grubert and of Mis 
Grubert, of Putney, London. 

Mr CJ>- RnsaeB 
and Miss SJ JVL Chandor 
The eng«ement is announced 
between Charles Dominic, only 
sou of Sir Charles Russell, Bl. 
and Lady Russell of Hidden 
House. Sandwich. Kent, and 
Sarah Jane Murray, 

between Matthew, son of Mr 
and Mrs GJL Buckley, of 
Ealing. London, and Caroline, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs BJ1 
Burwash, of Hampstead Gar- 
den Suburb, London. 

Mr CE. Budget! 
and Miss AJVL Lethbridge 
The engs^ment is announced 
between Charles, son of Preb- 
endary and Mrs A.T. Budgett, 
of Bruton, Somerset, and 

Epsom. Downs, Surrey. 

Mr AJL Walkllng 
and Miss MLCJ). Moore 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony Kim, - only 
son of Mr" ana Mrs W.C. 

a new audience for broadcast 
music in Scotland and edu- 

. Until Hl-health intervened 
when he was 80, be was very 
active on the Performing 
Rights - Society and the 

rated it to enjoy a wide range Composers’ Guild, and was 
of works. Well liked and formerly a widely-travelled 
respected by his players, he examiner for the Associated 
steered the orchestra success- Board 

Sn? AFSf Sf# ssr* ““ 


ttafMrSMnn 1 ' Hizabeth Ewing, wbo died cbaraclerise her 

j”” SJ- Moore, of Parley, nn Ftehnmrv 2 su®d 87 « a h mk- *1 

Fletcfaer, of Chapel AUerton, 
L eeds. The marriage will take 
place in September. 

Mr DJL McGregor 
and Miss S*A. Harffingfeam 
The engage m ent is announced 
between Daniel, only son of Mr 

- i*~J?"** - 

r ■ MiG \ 

' Manchester MBA > 

The Master’s Degree in Business A* 7 *wftatiQn 
it Marctwster Busness School has won intsmatoonal 
recognition for its project based app roa ch and its graduates 
are sought out by lop company (senators. 

A part-time alternative is svafeble. 

H you would ike to tak mtonrufiy with MBS staff about the 
ways a which an MBA cotfd M m with your career strategy, 

. come along at any time between 4BD - 7.00 pm to the 


^ or contact Alan Kennoitey. Posi^aduota Centre, ^ 

v Manchester Business School > 

v BamhSt>aetWm.ManciwstBTMl5a>B y 
W; 061-2738228 Ext 153 

Arabella, da u g hter of Mr W.M. -Ernest McGregor and the late 
Lethbridge, of C aracas, Ven- Mrs McGregor, of Weston- 
CTiel a. and Mrs JJvL Letb- super-Mare, Avon, and Sandra, 
bridge, of Bath, Avon. ' only daughter of Mr and Mrs ' 

Victor Hardingham, of Esher, 
Mr JJX DarreO Surrey, 

and Miss KX. Smith 

The engagement is announced Mr RJ. Oriel 

between Jonathan Dudley, el- sad Miss CM. Stratford 

der son of Mr and Mrs LJX Trerere 

and The engagement b announced 
r M ' between Richard, younger son 
of Dr and Mrs David Oriel, of 
Great Oxendon, Northamptoo- 
arieshire. shire, and Catherine, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Peter Stratford 
Trevers. of Stanton, 
xp Gloucestershire. 


The Bee PJXA. Weston 
and Mbs Green 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, younger sou of 
Canon and Mrs KAA. Wes- 
ton, of Norwich, forffieriy of St 
Ebbe’s, Oxford, and Vuginia, 
younger daughter of Lieutenant 
Commander and Mrs RJ. 
Green, of Poole. 

Mr JJC.V. Williams 
and Mbs SJVLM. Yung 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian, rider son of Mr 
and Mrs M-V. Williams, of 
Mountnessing, Essex.- and 
Sheena, youngest daughter of. 
Flight Lieutenant M.M. Young, 
MBE, RAF (reidX of Crawley, 
West Sussex, and Mrs P-M. 
Oemence, of Barnstaple, North 

Hizabeth Ewing, who died characterise her subsequent 
on February 2aged 82, was a books: History of 20th Fash- 
historian, of costume anti a ion. ■ Women in Uniform 
scholar in a field where. Through the Centuries. Histo- 
previousty, serious scholar- ry of Children’s Fashion Fur 
ship had been comparatively in Dress, and Everyday Dress 
little known. 1650-1900. 

ry of Children 's Fashion, Fur 
m Dress, and Everyday Dress 

, son of 
and Mrs 

Mr GP.T. Rlgden 
and Mbs EA. Prat 
The engagement is announced 
between Guy. only son of Mr- 
and Mrs PJL Riftden, of 
Crawley, Sussex, and Elizabeth, 
daughter of the late Mr R. Pest 
and Mrs S. Peat, of Caton, 

Marriages . 

Mr J.W.M. Crawford 
and Mbs EXL Martin 
The marriage took place in 
California on December 14, 
1985. of Mr Jonathan 
Crawford, ridest son of Sir 

little known. 1650-1900. 

. Her earlier careerhad been history of thfpr^t 
m journafrsm and. public is concerned Elizabeth Ewing 
rdabqns, to when she came relfed not only on wriuS 

«™Phic sources, aSdon 
m oostnmes themselves, but on 
t^ classics led to fiiat ngour interviews with torvivtoS 
of approach which was to designers and manufactured 


Sir Hugh Casspn,PPRA, ' salesman, facioty worker 
wn * es: “aweiir, bomber-pilot, and 

Robert Wetmore. who died years an 

on January 22, became Presi- ' jnvenove and successful ex- 
dent .of toe Society of “S ? 00 «es> 8 ner. 

Industrial Artists and Design- _ H i s , qualities - patience, 
ers in 1976 - the year the “U^^ourJoyalty, intfigri- 
Sodety received its . Royal y not those usually 
Cbarter. lt could almost have j 0U . ,n ® world too often 
been a personal tribute to this nominated by “glitierati’’, but 

remarkable and lovable man. powers of 

Chorister, cellist, adventur- service 
er - he set out aged IS to cy- colleagues whieh ^ 
rie round the. world but ins 

money ran out in Poland - affection. “ St “ g and 

Sir Hugh Casspn,PPRA, 

Robert Wetmore, who died 
on January 22, became Presi- 
dent . of the Society of 
Industrial Artists and Design- 
ers in 1976 - the year the 
Society received its . Royal 
Charter- It could almost have 
been a personal tribute to this 
remarkable and lovaide man 

Chorister, cellist, adventur- 
er - he set out aged l 8 io cy- 
cle round the. world but ffis 
money ran out in Poland - 




interest £REE credit 











• %t "i > , . ■'4 I r 

* Vi; \\ 

.■ « i k 


19 . 



Channel 4. by its very name, 
declares ihai it is not ITV 
but a station with i 
upmarket profile. But what 
about its popular 



Hunt Stirling 
■^Presents a new breed 
game show, one where the 
production team seems 
enjoy itself more than the 
players. But some things 
never change. Excitement is 
genera ted by one of the oldest 
tncks in the book: beating the 
dock. ° 

The contestants in the 
studio desperately decipher- 
ing the riddles were rather 
dull viewing compared 
Anneka Rice, leaping out of 
her helicopter and dashing 
across all manner of terrain 
in search of the vital clues. 
Her exuberance and her 
inimitable Home County ac- 
cent are an important part of 
her appeal, but more impor- 
tant is her smile that lasts the 
entire programme. Long live 
the dizzy blonde. 

Countdown is an afternoon 
programme, involving two 
contestants, performing word 
and number teases, also 
against the clock. In 
yesterday's edition, one of the 
competitors did extremely 
badly, which perhaps ex- 
plains its appeal. 

This is a show where 
failure is glaring and where, 
because contestants are alone, 
back-chat and wise cracks 
cannot be used as a camou- 
flage. It is about as close as 
one gets on television to a 
gladiatorial spectacle with 
winning or losing being the 
true issues at stake, rather 
than playing the game. 

Starting Ont is a drama 
scries of young people. Last 
night's episode "It s Alright 
For Some " was like being 
back in the world of girls' 
weekly comics with their 
puerile division of the world 
into facile stereotypes and 
good versus bad. However, 
because we are in 1986. the 
issues are no longer ballet 
schools or sixth form sneaks 
but trade union rights and 
rape. The overall effect was a 
most embarrassing type of 

This episode gave a false 
and crass impression of the 
world and failed to present 
the complexities which most 
adolescents have grasped. In 
other words, it patronises. A 
return to the land of Buniy 
and Judy is surely going too 
Far in the wrong direction? 


Streetwise: Rat (left) the Ingenious guide. Tiny the child prostitute and Dewavxte, the little guy 

The Empty 
Table (PG) 
Academy 2 

The destruction of family life 

Streetwise (18) 

Screen on the Green 

The Muppets 

Manhattan (U) 


Spies Like 

Warner West End 

Contemporary characters in 
Japanese films spend so 
much time sitting round the 
meal table, quarrelling, gos- 
sipping and quailing sake 
that the English title of 
MasaJd Kobayashi’s latest 
feature — The Empty Table — 
comes almost as a shock. In 
its opening minutes, the 
central character — a father of 
three — returns home to find 
note alerting him to food in 
the fridge. Further into the 
story, Kobayashi makes elo- 
quent visual play with the 
family members standing 

round the bare, oblong table. 
^ ciilk, [.staring out Weakly in differ- 

Carlo Gebler I em directions. 

These are the signs of an 
extraordinary domestic cata- 
clysm. One of the family, a 
student son. has been impris- 
oned for terrorist activities 
after a mountain siege played 
out before the country’s 
television cameras (a real 
event, this, from the early 
1970s). Japanese social codes 
require parents to share their 
offsprings' guilt, but Kidoji. 
the father (played by Tatsuya 
Nakadai — a constant factor 
in the films of Kobayashi and 
Kurosawa), refuses to follow 
the rules. Tight-lipped, he 
strives to pursue a normal 
life, but calamities chase him 
regardless. His wife's sanity 
breaks after an onslaught on 
the goldfish tank, while bis 
daughter marries in secret 
and flees to America. The 
family unit — like the 
goldfish tank — is shattered, 
the table always empty. 

To those who recall the 
flamboyant wide-screen ex- 
citements of Hara-Kiri and 
Rebellion, the muted, clinical 
style of Kobayashi's new film 
may seem a touch cold and 
academic. But the directors 
themes remain unaltered- 
Kidoji joins a long line of 
individuals clashing with 
society’s rules and practices: 
Toshiro Mifune's samurai in 
Rebellion: Tatsuya NakadaTs 
pacifist hero suffering 
through the Manchurian war 
in the towering trilogy The 
Human Condition. Other 

threads link the film to 
Kobayashi's recent documen- 
tary The Tokyo Trial, which 
sifted the embers of Japanese 
militarism in a similarly cool, 
inquisitive manner. 

Kobayashi uses his new, 
spare style to build a claus- 
trophobic universe racked 
with moral conflicts. This is 
narrative cinema swept clean 
of frills, economically con- 
veying moods through the 
bare decor of domestic interi- 
ors (little different from the 
son's surroundings in prison) 
or selected glimpses of nature 
and the seasons. Such a style 
does not give performers 
much leeway, and Tatsuya 
Nakadai's furrowed brows 
remain an acquired taste 
even after 143 minutes. But 
there are many other rewards 
in this magisterial, painful 
film. Every gesture speaks 
volumes: and when the wife 
demolishes the fish tank, it is 
time to hide under the seat. 

This is not the week for 
family life. The documentary 
Streetwise features teenage 
waifs and strays scraping by 
on Seattle's streets while 
ineffective parents languish 
behind bars or the bottle 
(“Don’t bug me — I'm 
drinking!” 1 . The film's roots 
lie in a Life magazine story. 

S iblished in July. 1983. The 
Uowing month, its award- 
winning photographer, Mary 
Ellen Mark, her husband 
Martin Bell, and the article's 

writer Cheryl McCall re- 
turned to put the children's 
lives and thoughts on cellu- 

Bell — a British technician 
with useful experience in wild 
life films and rock videos — 
served as the limpet-like 
cameraman-director, clinging 
to his cast from street corner 
to derelict hotel from laun- 
derette to medical clinic. The 
resulting film, conjured up by 
the editor Nancy Baker from 
a teeming 56 hours of 
footage, features nine princi- 
pal players. There is the 
nimble, ingenious Rat dem- 
onstrating how to eat a 
pineapple pizza for nothing 
(order by phone, then re- 
trieve the exotic discard from 
the refuse bin). Other cast 
members include Tiny, a 
prostitute at 14. dreaming of 
owning three yachts: and 
Shadow, a self-styled playboy 
who gives blood for money 
and spends the proceeds on 
tattoos and hair dyes. 

There is raucous humour, 
fragile comradeship and real 
anguish: during the filming, 
one of the participants com- 
mitted suicide. 

Streetwise required much 
technical ingenuity and fancy 
diplomatic footwork. How 
else could the film-makers 
seep like ghosts into prisons 
and funeral parlours, catching 
awful details like the father's 
Coke can resting on his son's 
casket? More importantly. 

Bell and his colleagues found 
the emotional means to meet 
their subjects face to face, to 
gain their trust, share their 
lives and enable them to spill 
out some thoughts in voice- 
over interviews. The result is 
a social study without ser- 
mons or propaganda: a vi- 
brant kaleidoscope of young 
people, unlikely to grow old. 
snatching a living from 
dimes, quarters and their 
own reckless wits. 

pig'T. They also have a 
wonderful backdrop in Man- 
hattan itself; as with Laurel 
and Hardy, there is a special 
magic about the sight of these 
creatures at large in the real 

“It's totally today and 
tremendously timeless!" 
chirps Kermit the Frog, 
hawking his musical property 
round Broadway in the de- 
lightful Moppets Take Man- 
hattan. The film itself is not 
quite “today” (the American 
premiere was in July. 1984) 
but praise be to the ICA for 
dusting it down for their 
present season “Of Muppets 
and Men” — a comprehen- 
sive survey of Jim Henson’s 
puppet creations, lasting until 

The story is weak, but this 
is a forgivable vice after the 
over-plotted antics of the 
previous Muppet films or the 
stifling pretension of The 
Dark Crystal. Henson's char- 
acters have ample room to 
display their humours, shake 
a leg and join in musical 
numbers whose lyrics would 
appal Lorenz Han (“Because 
you share a love so big. I now 
pronounce you frog and 

Spies Like Us is a depress- 
ing slab of would-be comedy 
from some of America's most 
popular practitioners: Chevy 
Chase. Dan Aykroyd and the 
director John Landis, all 
graduates of the Saturday 
fright Live television show. 
Esoteric cameos proliferate: 
surely the general patron 
cares little that Costa-Gavras. 
the director of Missing, plays 
one of the men on highway 
patrol. The unbilled appear- 
ance of Bob Hope is no 
funnier, but at least this 
kindles memories of the 
Road films, to which this lazy 
film pays half-hearted hom- 
age- Chase assumes the Bob 
Hope role — a government 
clerk on a spy mission, 
wriggling out of hoi spots 
with wisecracks; the pug- 
faced. dishevelled Aykroyd, 
however, hardly fills Bing 
Crosby's shoes. In the final 
shots the boys are at Geneva, 
deciding our fates by playing 
T rivial Pursuits with the 
Russians. So this is the way 
the world ends: not with a 
bang, not with a whimper, 
but with a groan. 

Geoff Brown 


Raw edges 

Paul Clayden 


A programme by the Paul 
Gayden Dancers at Riverside 
Studios on Wednesda) 
opened both a new tour for 
the performers and a week of 
several diverse dance events 
on that stage. 

Gayden's presentation is 
very professionally arranged 
and shows his work to the 
best possible advantage: some 
good lighting effects, varied 
and attractive costumes by 
Alan John, no time lost 
between items. He is also 
blessed in his fellow-dancers. 
Tall, cool Charlotte Hacker 
and small, neat Elizabeth 
Lauren are both smooth, 
stylish dancers: more so in 
fact than Gayden himself, 
whose movement has a 
curiously raw edge to iL 

He makes the most of that 
in his choreography, devising 
passages of oddly rough, 
strange movement The pur- 
pose obviously is to express 
them, an impression con- 
firmed by the specific, if not 
always apparently relevant 
programme notes to the two 
main pieces on show. There- 
in lies a problem: just what it 
is that Clayden and his 
collaborators are trying to tell 
us never becomes clear. It is 
as if they were talking 
fluently and vehemently, but 
in gibberish. 

So we watch him scram- 
bling on and off a chair, or 
shuffling across the floor like 
a wounded crab: we listen to 
the eclectic soundtracks de- 
vised and prepared by Del 
Collie with Clayden's’ help; 
we see him and the Misses 
Hacker and Lauren display 
their ability to roll across the 
stage, stare threateningly at 
their audience or shake their 
shoulders in jazzy manner. It 
passes the time more agree- 
ably than many shows of this 

But the most memorable 
and entertaining moments 
are theatrical, not choreo- 
graphic: a slow, fake bicycle 
ride without a machine, an 
episode when, modestly sil- 
houetted behind gauze, the 
dancers make an amusingly 
quick costume change on 
stage. Clayden has not very 
much content to offer but it 
is beautifully wrapped. 

John Percival 


Logan Hall 

Good reviews of concerts can 
be maddening to read, telling 
you about yet more of life’s 
little opportunities you let 
slip. This one. though, is 
going to be different The 
London Sinfonietta are now 
taking on tour the excellent 
programme they gave in 
London on Wednesday night 
and can be heard at various 
points in the Midlands, 
North and West Anybody 
within earshot should take a 
rain check on how music is 
sounding just now. 

I owe the meteorological 
metaphor to Torn Takemitsu, 

whose Rain Coming and 
Rain Spell are the overtures 
for die two halves of the 
evening. Both are in the 
sweet boneless manner of 
other recent music by him 
heard here since fashion went 
his way, with Rain Coming 
being particularly indebted to 
Messiaen while its compan- 
ion Spell, for flute and 
clarinet with harp, vibra- 
phone and piano, is more 

Neither piece does any- 
thing to increase my enthusi- 
asm for this composer.but 
both work prettily enough in 
their contexts, to quieten the 
mind before the heftier dra- 
mas of Harrison Birtwistle 
and Kurt Weill 

The Birtwistle piece is his 
Secret Theatre , a big work 
which has already made a big 
impression. Birtwistle’s 

achievement here js to con- 
ceive and execute, not for the 
first time, a quite new 
musical scheme of things: the 
piece is a solo with accompa- 
niment except that the “solo” 
line, a long instrumental 
incarnation, is performed by 
changing numbers of players 
in unison, who set them- 
selves apart at a special row 
of music stands. 

This at once changes the 
nature of solo performance, 
giving it an objective hard- 
ness, urgency and force. One 
wonders what a Brahms 
violin concerto, for instance, 
might sound tike played by a 
well rehearsed quartet of 

But that is not all. 
Birtwistle further re-animates 
the concerto medium by 
making the two sides very 
different but equally interest- 

ing. Where the solo is 
practically continuous melo- 
dy. the accompaniment is a 
stuttering mechanism of 
rhythmic figures. So is avoid- 
ed the debilitating tendency 
for accompaniments to be 
merely background washes. 
Of course the two worlds 
collide and confuse one 
another that is the work’s 

But it can be a fascinating, 
witty and richly inventive 
encounter only because the 
ground rules are set so 
precisely. It is powerfully and 
sensitively enacted by the 
London Sinfonietta under 
Diego Masson; one admires 
too the fierce suavity of their 
performance of Weill’s Little 
Threepenny Music , and in- 
dulges the odd bit of camp. 


Characters conceived in contempt 


Lyric, Hammersmith 

Paul Griffiths 

Queen Elizabeth 

Cals may prowl amongst the 
pigeons as standards and 
priorities are hotly debated in 
certain prominent areas of 
eariy-music making, but Paul 
Steinitz and the London Bach 
Society walk steadily past 

In nearly 30 years, the 
cycle has moved in its own 
gently mysterious way with 
the performing styles of the 
times. It would be a superhu- 
man. if not inhuman, phe- 
nomenon if ail the variables 
■ had remained constant But 
the stubbornly erratic use of 
period instruments and the 
even less reliable standard of 
solo singing still manages to 
push the venture into the 
middle of the road in 
execution if not in intention. 

In Wednesday's concert so 
much was given — the chance 
to hear cantatas t36, 1 13 and 
99 - and so much snatched 
awav. The opening chorus of 
number 136. “Erforsche micb 
Gott” with its horn solo 
moving like light gold thread 

through its nimble string 
playing and choral singing, 
raised expectations danger- 
ously high. 

For only Peter Savidge was 
able to free his recitative 
from its lumpen continuo: 
Wynford Evans and Paul 
Esswood could only strain to 
match Tess Miller's deli- 
ciously phrased oboe 

Bach's miracle of giving 
musical voice in simulta- 
neous dance and dirge to 
Cantata l!3’s unique expres- 
sion of the paradoxical crux 
of Christianity, was recreated 
• nicely in Steinitz's choice of 
tempi and balance of solo 
solemnity with dancing en- 

But, as in Cantata 99, 
another, less welcome con- 
trast pushed its way in, as the 
leaping raptures of Ingrid 
Culliford's flute obbligato 
disassocated itself from the 
ill-phrased and worse sup- 
ported vocalising of Wynford 
Evans and the valiant but 
bewildered singing of Lynda 

London Mozart 
Festival Hall 

Hilary Finch 

When the Arts Council ap- 
plies its assorted intellects to 
the business of running the 
South Bank, six weeks hence, 
one hopes that selTdefeating 
repertoire clashes will be- 
come rarer. Music critics, 
who thoroughly enjoy mak- 
ing invidious comparisons, 
may relish the chance to heat 
two of London's chamber 
orchestras, both directed by 
“pianisi/conductors”, per- 
forming Beethoven concerts 
within four days of each 
other. But the London Mo- 
zart Players under Tam as 
Vasary would surely have 
attracted a far bigger crowd 
had the ECO and Barenboim 
not been offering similar fare 
this weekend. 

The LMP certainly de- 
served a better house. For the 
last couple of seasons it has 
played like a rejuvenated 
band. It is amazing what a 
small adjustment, like a 
sweeping change of person- 

nel. can do for an orchestra’s 

In Beethoven's Symphony 
No 4 the violins perhaps 
lacked the ideal tonal sheen 
for the Adagio’s gliding 
melody, and at one point in 
the bustling finale there 
seemed the possibility of an 
exciting divergence between 
from and back desks. But 
generally the strings played 
with spirit and finesse. 

What gives the orchestra 
character, however, are some 
outstanding individuals in 
the woodwind. Throughout 
the symphony Vasary wisely 
ensured that their contribu- 
tions floated easily through 
the texture; the poignant 
phrasing at the Adagio's 
hushed conclusion and the 
richly-blended chording in 

the Trio were particularly 
telling passages. Otherwise he 
took a happily Haydnesque 
view of the work; small-scale 
in dramatic terms but 
sprightly in articulation. 


of several hundred exceptionally fine 
and medium quality, handmade 


Directing from the key- 
board in the Fourth Piano 
Concerto he seemed less 
certain. His own playing was 
sharp-edged, impulsively var- 
ied in tempo, occasionally 
over-driven (as in a needless- 
ly frantic first movement 
cadenza) but always stimulat- 
ing. He failed, though, to 
convey this spirit to the 
players around him. and 
sometimes also dominated 
the balance when thematic 
interest lay elsewhere. 

For a writer with a gut- 
loathing for middle-class dec- 
adence, Doug Lucie has 
wound up in the classic 
position of pleasuring the 
people he would like to 

Such spectators, as Dario 
Fo once pointed out, like 
nothing better than being 
spanked: and last night's 
audience duly responded 
with the knowing giggles of 
people who feel they are 
being got at and relish every 
minute of it 

Set in the depraved depths 
of St John’s Wood, Progress 
follows the lerminai writh- 
ings of a trendy marriage 
dating back to the bad trips 
lent of the Isle of Wight 
Festival. ”1 like to think 
we’ve progressed”, says WiU. 
a television researcher whose 
main energies now go into 
running a men's group whose 
members meet to thrash out 
their altitudes to pornogra- 
phy in an open and support- 
ing atmosphere. 

Ronnee. his wife, occupies 
herself with a women's centre 
specialising in marital batter- 
ing One such eye-blackened 
victim has laken refuge in the 
house; much to the lecherous 
interest of the other lodger, a 
tabloid journalist who de- 
lights in making coarse sexist 
mock of his long-toothed, 
lefty hosts. 

At its 1984 Bush premiere, 
ihe first act may have been a 
miracle of timing and attack. 
In David Hayman’s produc- 
tion it comes over as an 
exercise in low-energv in- 
crimination. Everything in 
Will and Ronnee’s living 
room, from their cordless 
telephone to the bicycle 

Donald Cooper 


Mike Gwilym and Michele WinstanJey 

outside the French doois. is 
underlined as yet another 
piece of damning evidence. 
And the dialogue is studded 
with trendspeak, every phrase 
verbally italicised to raise 
sniggers from the house. 

When, finally, the plot does 
engage, it is to offer a 1980s 
variation on the old contrast 
between what people do and 
what they say about it. Will's 
group, for instance, meet for 
open discussion and mutual 
support* while in fact one of 
the boys is stealthily shifting 
his homosexual favours be- 
tween the other two. 

As for poor battered Angc 
(Michele Winstanley). the 
opening contrast between her 
bruiul mechanic husband and 
her refined NW6 hosts un- 
dergoes a summary reversal. 
Lenny, the husband (Peny 
Fenwick) at least writes 
poems to her. Will simply 
seduces her over a game of 

As an epidemic of betrayals 
and desertions spreads 
through the characters, the 
piece reaches its end in a 
ghastly barbecue party which 

finally strips them of their 
last claims to civilizing intel- 
ligence and affection. Mr 
Lucie will not thank me for 
the comparison, but the effect 
is strongly reminiscent of the 
early malicious stories of 
Angus Wilson. 

As the central couple. 
Diana Quick and Mike 
Gwilym achieve a certain 
gritty sardonic authenticity 

from characters conceived in 
contempt. As the pace of the 
show revved up. I enjoyed 
Peter Wight as a love-lorn 
buffoon riding high on vali- 
um. and Struan Rodger as 
the amiably unfeeling Bruce 
who secures some respect in 
Mr Lucie's scheme by never 
becoming attached to any- 

Irving Wardle 


Ek v. . 

tjjr Is ' 


206 KING'S ROAD SW3 351 3742 





f Peril rn la Dr mi- arc i 


l. tll*,ulli. RiKm 

"A witty script, Pinteresque 
embarrassments and 
a top-notch cast... A dassy 
provocative entertainment" 

lURtlt 1 

GCAMNON'~ t z&'~ 


from Hie ™k important ^ea-mgarwesrt *%*£**' 

fo be wnsfcnwl Irani bonded wrtoiBra to of 

Viewing from Stufday^th Feb 10am - 6pn^and morning of sale 
B* JL -urn. NWS TEU » am 

His was not the evening’s 
only solo contribution. The 
LMFs leader. Barry Wilde, 
gave a pleasant, unpreten- 
tious account of the Violin 
Romance in F. where his 
well-observed articulation ol 
the quicker episodes compen- 
sated for some slight intona- 
tion flaws in the languorous 
main melody. 

Richard Morrison 

The Royal Opera 


11 barbiere di Siviglia 

Conductor ALBERTO ZEDDA Tickets from £700 26. Mar 1.4.7. 10 at 7 30pm. 

Reservations: 01.240 1066/I9II Access/Visa Diners Club. 

‘And Almighty God touched me with His Kittle finger 
and said: “Write for the theatre ‘ — mind well, only for 
the theatre!’' And I have obeyed the supreme command.’ 


Wyndnm's Theatre from February 2d 




rd y 

; r «.r 

s <<<•• 

Jcd a 

. bj; 

“!. * 


cf. '**: 




’ 1 : 1.1 


. cci 
































• -'Vp-.' * \ V. v j'-i } J ■*• ■ > 

^ - [itfy' W; 






Source: Impact International, January 15, 1986. 


-J: *u-;: 




U ;.V 



chi c f 

Suntory make the world’s top selling whisky. 

A similar achievement by Honda began the 
death knell of our motorcycle industry 20 years ago. 

Like the motorcycle industry of today, die 
international drinks business of tomorrow will be 
ruled by giants. 

And if Scotch Whisky is to compete, or even 
exist in the future, we must marshal our own 
considerable forces today. 

It is for this reason, above all, that our offer for 
Distillers makes so much sense. 

We will be of a size to take on our foreign 
adversaries toe to toe. 

Our opinion is that Argyll, on the other hand, 
would make a less than perfect fit with Distillers. 

Their background is in discount retailing, not 
in the marketing of premium brands. 

And they have little or ho experience of the 
stiff competition encountered in today’s inter- 
national drinks market. 

Britain’s recent industrial history is a cat- 
alogue of international opportunities missed. 

Only Guinness can save us from the current 
Japanese threat. 

Support the Guinness Distillers bid. 


Guinness and Distillers. A stroke of genius. 


This advertisement is published by Morgan Grenfell &. Co Limited and The British Linen RnnL- 1 cr* « 

Qf ^ and aU ro e nsurtf tha , st3ch , the ^ 

ijppj Ul l'\££> 






FT 30 Share 

1212.5 (+3.9) 

FT-SE 100 

147.5 (+3.5) 

USM (Datastream) 



US dollar 
$1-4145 (+30pts) 

W German mark 



73.7 (-0.3) 

Imperial predicts surprise 
23 per cent rise in profits 

By Alison Eadie 

Bigger say 
for SIB 

The Securities and Invest- 
ment Board is to be given 
increased powers over Self 
Regulatory Organizations, ac- 
cording to Mr Michad How- 
ard, the Minister for 
Consumer and Corporate Af- 

Mr Howard said during the 
committee stage debate on the 
Financial Services Bill yester- 
day that he would introduce 
an amendment giving the 
Secretary of State - or the SIB 
the power to impose a rule 
change on a self-regulatory 
authority which would bring 
the SRO's rules in line with 
those of the SIB. 

City debnt 

Templeton, Galbraith & 
Hansberger, a Bahamas-based 
fund management group, is 
coming to the stock market 
via an offer for sale of 40 
million limited voting shares- 
at 21Sp each by Cazenove & 
Co, the stockbrokers. Tempos, 

Williams bid 

Williams Holdings, an engi- 
neering company, launched an 
unwelcome £144 miUion bid 
for McKechnie Brothers. 
Williams's bid is conditional 
on McKechnie dropping its 
bid for Newman Toms. 

New oil well 

Texaco North Sea UK and 
Britoii announced an oil dis- 
covery in the northern North 
Sea, 100 miles east of- tiki 
Shetland Islands. This is the 
third successful exploratory 
well to be drilled |jf Britotf 
under a June^9f&farm-ini 

Bank offshoot 

The Royal Bank of Scotland 
has formed a subsidiary to 
offer a range of debt factoring 
services to British industry 
and commerce. Initially it will 
be based in the South-east but 
will later operate nationwide. 

Goal stake 

Norwich Union Life Assur- 
ance has bought 16.5 millioo 
shares, or 24.68 per cent, of 
Goal Petroleum from Morgan 
Grenfell for £9.5 million, or 
57p per share. It has entered 
into a put-and-call option 
agreement with Morgan Gren- 
fell over a further 15 million 
shares (5.24 per cent). The call 
option is exercisable between 
seven and nine days from 
yesterday, and the put option 
between seven and 12 days 
from that date. Norwich 
Union says the shares are for 
investment purposes. 

Property chief 

Mr Basil Samuel, who has 
been the chairman of Great 
Portland Estates, the property 
company, since 1959, is to 
retire at the age of 73. He will 
become the company presi- 
dent and will be succeeded as 
chairman by Mr Richard 
Peskin, the present deputy 

Glen disposal 

Glen International has dis- 
of its entire holding in 
fke Holdings in the market 


• FI .BIFF ; Results for the six 
months to October 25. An 
interim dividend of 0-532p 
(0-484p) will be paid on April 
10. Dividends have been 
waived by some directors and 
their associates. With figures m 
£000, turnover 2.048 

(1,757). pretax profit 302 (251) 
and earnings per share 1.43p 
(l.09pX The company reports a 
further increase in sales of 
photograph frames, mirrors 
and clocks. Orders are also 
reflecting an increased demand 
for products compared wish 
this time last year. 




ABN - 

Mam A COmjany- 

B0a — 

Citibank Saviapt— 
Coniotiiisacd Crds_ 
Cominentai Trust— 
Co-operative Bank- 
CHoare £ Cb — 
Lloyds Bank. 

Nm Westminster — 
Royal Bask. Scotland. 

T5B, — 

Cabot NA— — 



. 12 *% 

. 12 *% 

. 12 %% 



. 12 *% 



. 12 *% 

. 12 *% 


t fetetpp Baae Rife 

Imperial, the brewing to- 
bacco and foods group fight- 
ing a £1.8 billion bid from 
Hanson Trust, has forecast 
1956 pretax profits of £290 
milboa, a rise of 23 per cent 
on 1985. 

The ■ estimate was higher 
than the most b ullish Qty 
expectations and Imperial 
shares rose 6p to 29 lp. The 
dividend is forecast to rise 25 
per cent to 12p net. Hanson 
shares eased lp to 153p. 

1 Imperial also announced 
that Mr Geoffrey Maitland 
Smith, who is chairman and 
chief executive of Sears and a 
nonexecutive director of Im- 
perial, will become deputy 
chairman, and Mr Michael 
Pickard, the chairman and 
chief executive of the brewing 
and leisure division, will be- 
come group deputy chief exec- 

Mr Maitland Smith wifi 
head a board committee to 
look for a successor to Mr 
Geoffrey Kent, the chairman, 
when be retires in 1987. Sir 

Hector Laing, chairman of 
United Biscuits, was to have 
become chairman of the com- 
bined Imperial and UB until 
the merger was referred to the 
Monopolies Commission. 

Mr Kent yesterday, turned 
down a request for a meeting 
from Lord Hanson, the chair- 
man of Hanson . Trust. Lord 
Hanson had wanted to try to 
agree conditions for a recom- 
mended bid, but Imperial 
replied: “ Wc cannot see that a 
meeting would be useful”. Mr 
Kent sakfc“We feel very bull- 
ish about seeing off this bid.” 

Before Imperial anni^iniwi 
its profits forecast, Hanson 
Trust had issued six questions 
to ask about those forecasts. 
Hanson queried the high level 
of Imperial's extraodinary 
hems over the past five years, 
the amount of profit from pub 
sales, the “growth” from loss 
elimination after the sale of 
Howard Johnson in America, 
the amount to be spent on 
advertising this year, the as- 
sumptions On industrial dis- 

Geofifrey Kent: rejected 
request for meeting 
putes, which lopped £1 1.5 
million off profits in 1985, and 
whether there would be any 
change in pension contribu- 
tions policy. 

Imperial replied that there 
would be no material extraor- 
dinary items this year, no cut 
iu advertising no change in 
pension policy and assump- 

tions of no major industrial 
disputes. It quantified sales of 
retail properties at £20 million 
against £13.6 million in 1985 
and added that the increase in 
property profits would do 00 
more than keep pace with the 
increase in trading profits. 
Imperial accepted Hanson's 
figures of £13 million loss 
elimination from Howard 
Johnson in a full year, but said 
the figures were in its defence 

Imperial broke down its 
forecast to show the brewing 
and leisure division increasing 
operating profits by 34 per 
cent to £130 million, foods up 
by 36 per cent to £45 million 
and tobacco up 2 per cent to 
£125 million. 

Hanson Trust has until 
Thursday to come back witb a 
higher offer. The City believes 
it will have to pay about 31 Op 
to 32 Op per share and change 
the structure of its offer by 
adding cash and reducing the 
quantity of convertible loan 

bids for 

By Judith Huntley 
Commercial Property 

Radamco Property, a divi- 
sion of the £6 billion Robeco 
Group, the Dutch fund man- 
agement company, is making 
a £179 million bid for 
Haslemere Baatwi 
The cash offer of 600p for 
each Haslemere ordinary 
share shows a 7.55 per cent 
discount to the company's last 
reported net asset value. A 
revaluation of the properties is 
likely with net asset value 
estimated to come through at 
about 690p a share. 

Haslemere has a high expo- 
sure to office development in 
the City of London and 
throughout the country. 

Klein wort Benson, the mer- 
chant bank advising 
Radamco, says the company 
has increased it^ stake -nom 
11.7 per cent to just over 24 
per cent lnsUtutronal share- 
holders sold to IGeunrart at 
the 600p figure but market 
dealings yesterday were at 
629p a share. 

Haslemere was doseted in 
talks with Radamco last night, 
and there was hope that the 
bid would be agreed despite 
Haslemere's earlier rejection. 

If Radamco succeeds in 
acquiring Haslemere, it is 
likely that there wifi be a 
change -of management. 
Radamco Property, with £500 
mfilion of assets, has not ruled 
out the possibility of injecting 
new management from The 

The company says that, 
spite Haslfcmere's recent 
iderperfonnance compared 
with the rest of the sector, the 
acquisition would give it ex- 
posure to the booming City of 
London office market. 

The takeover of Haslemere 
would also give Robeco the 
chance to funnel Dutch insti- 
tutional money into British 
property. Dutch funds are 
again keen to invest in the 

Societies Bill 

The new Building Societies 
BUI, now at the committee 
stage in Parliament, is too 
restrictive, Mr John Spalding, 
chief executive of the biggest 
building society, the Halifax , 
claimed yesterday. 

He said that he believed 
that the committee would 
relax some of the provisions, 
particularly those on societies 
c hang in g mto public compa- 

The fall and fall 
of the dollar 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The dollar has takes over 
from staling as the weakest 
major currency. Yesterday, it 
dropped to 183 against the 
yen, its lowest for nearly eight 
years. It also fell to 235 
against the mark. The pound, 
with; its own problems, is 

ht^fing comfortably .above 

Previous dollar foils have 
been associated with the threat 
ef new moves to pash it down 
by the central banks acting in 
concert or the release of 
information suggesting eco- 
nomic weakness, and hence 
lower interest rates, in the 
United StatesJVeither apply 
in this case. 

So why is the dollar bsmg 
ground, particularly against 
the yen when this week it has 
folks below 185, its lowest 
smee 1978, and the mark? 

The first explanation is to 
do with the foil in oil prices. In 
the inter na t io n al pecking or- 
der of major currencies Japan, 
entirely dependent on import- 
ed oEL is the main beneficiary 
of lower ofl prires, fallowed by 
Germany. Britain and the 
United States, as industrial- 
ized countries also in the 
business of prodndng oil, are 
Ae losers. And, as Mr David. 
Morrison, the currency econo- 
mist at the stockbroker Simon 
& Coates points out, the 
relative position of the dollar 
and sterimg in the event of 
lower oil prices is not as dear- 
cut as first appears. 

Britain loses out directly on 
the current account of the 
balance of payments but the 
United States, by rirtne of the 
fact that most Opec cash is 
held in dollars, could lose out 
on capital account in tire event 
of major divestments by the oil 

A fall m the oil price hits 
both the dollar and sterling 
relative to tire yen and mark, 
it comes at a time when the 
markets have already turned 
against the dollar, then, traHke 
the pound, which has recov- 

ered some of its oil-related 
losses, tire downward trend for 
the dollar is Hkety to continue. 

A second reason for the 
dollar's dfrihr relates to the 
fact that, sooner or later, 
cmrenries will tend to move 
towards some sort of underfy- 
ing economic value. 

Traditionally, economists 
calculated the purchasing 
power parities of currencies by 
co mp ar in g relative inflation 
rates. A more sophisticated 
method, the ftmdamental equi- 
librium approach, takes into 
account capital movements, 
and structural change, as well 
as relative price performance. 

A London consultancy. Cur- 
rency Research Ltd, uses a 
similar method to calculate 
fundamental equilibrium val- 
ues for exchange rates, that is 
what the exchange rate should 
be for medium-term external 
balance in both current and 
capital accounts. 

Mr Michael Nisbet, direc- 
tor of Currency Research, says 
that, on the basis of an ml 
■ price of $17-18 a bared, the 
fundamental equilibrium ex- 
change rates for the dollar are 
Y165, DM2.00 and $135 to 

ftiA pound. 

In other words, if the mar- 
kets are bent on pushing the 
dollar down to levels at which 
the huge imbalances in the 
United States’ external ac- 
counts begin to be corrected - 
there was a record trade deficit 
of $1735 billion in December - 
the dollar has further to go 

This is not to say tint the 
move towards a “correct” valu- 
ation for the dollar will be 
smooth. The recent history of 

gests that the dolllar is fikely 
to go below its eqtrifihriiuu 
value in the traditional over- 
shooting pattern. 

It is hard to see an earfy and 
significant break in the 
market's present bearish atti- 
tude to the dollar. 

IoD chief 
hits car 
talks han 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 

The Prime Minister was 
csierday sharply cricitizcd 
or not allowing the Ford and 
Austin Rover merger talks to 

Sir John Hoskyns, the for- 
mer head of her Downing 
Street Policy Unit and now 
director general of the Insti- 
tute of Directors, said the 
decision to halt the takeover 
discussions showed the 
Government's lack of resolve 
and the “strategic confusion” 
and disagreement wi thin Mrs 
Thatcher’s Cabinet. 

He said the Westland and 
BL affairs had shown the 
Cabinet to be made of “those 
who think it through” and 
those who wait for something 
to happen and then react. 

Sir John said the institute 
felt the Government had 
“never been radical enough in 
the first place”. He said al- 
though the Government had 
done some extremely benefi- 
cial things, many others had 
not been carried through to 
logical conclusions, for exam- 
ple, the reform of the state 
pension schemes and student 
loans — “radical reform fal- 
tered at the last minute”. 

To Sir John, the confusion 
over BL was more puzzling 
than the Westland affair be- 
cause Britain was not in the 
volume car making business— 
BL managed to capture only 
18 per cent of the market — 
and it bad never been in it on a 
global scale. 

“So the idea that the Gov- 
ernment can decide not to sell 
the volume car business as 
and when it gets a reasonable 
bid doesn't nuke sense. Soon- 
er or later, it is bound to 
happen," Sir John said. 

Leyland tops 
truck sales 

UK sales of heavy Bedford 
trucks fell last month to 464, 
down from 591 a year earlier, 
and Leyland took the market 
leadership from Ford with 748 
$al«s up from 705. 

January heavy truck sales 
were 4,415, down from 4,565 
in 1985. 

Ford’s heavy vehicle sales 
also fell but it mainatiqed its 
lead in the commercial vehicle 
market with a sales figure of 
5,527 (24.1 per cent); Ley laud 
followed with 4,285 (18.7 per 
cent); and then, GM/Bedford 
with 3,879 (16.9 per cent). 

Clark vows duty before prejudice 

By Teresa Poole 

just two weeks into his new 
job as Minister for Trade, Mr 
Alan dark has yet to indicate 
whether he will bring a new 
Spirit of protectionism to the 
workings of his department. 
His aoDoifltment surprised 

Arrangement, which governs 
most of the world’s trade in 
textiles, and the run-up to the 
new round of negotiations of 
the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade. 

“Negotiation of trading 

including a now infamous 
private remark; about immi- 
grants and Bongo-Bongo land 
— but also because of publicly 
voiced beliefs that British 
industry would benefit greatly 
from import controls. 

jn his new role he win be 
representing Britain in inter- 
national negotiations aimed at 

breaking down trade barriers, 

and his history of protection- 
ist views looks out of place. 

To that, however, he replies: 
“The views art not seriously 
shaken, but it’s fine to express 
views when you are a back- 

gaining of reciprocal advan- 
tage and concessions in an 
atmosphere of mututal 

respect", he said. 

Mr Leon Brittan, the former 
Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry, made it dear 
that the MFA’s long-term 
future must be on the table for 
negotiation at the Gatl talks to 
help lo win trade concessions 
from the developing coun- 

“I don’t see any point taking 
up a hard and fast position 
before the MFA mandate is 

Alan Clark: “We must be 
seen to be fair-minded*' 
The preliminary Gatt talks 
will continue to be dominated 
by the question of barriers to 
services. “The sector of British 

bencher without responsibB- agreed and goes to the Europe- exports where we have toe 
am a an. ComnusstDit but Mr most to offer -and obstacles 

jty, but when you are 

can’t afford the 

minister you. can i ar 
luxury ofprejudiccs. 

This year he must _ 
the renewal of the M ulti-Fibre 

an- Commission, 

Briuan's general thesis that 
the. developed countries must 

Tins yar he must handle be seen to be fair-minded, is 
ims. y«u «... _ c- r_~ -incontestable , Mr dark said. 


could most easily be removed 
is undoubtedly in the whole 
financial services field. I. 
would love lo see the whole 

world open to UK financial 
services expertise.” 

During the second half of 
this year Mr Clark takes over 
as chairman of the Internal 
Market Council of EEC minis- 
ters which is discussing 
coordinated approach to trade 
within the Community. The 
goal is to create a truly free 
market by 1992. With his 
reputation for being anti-Eu- 
ropean, there is concern about 
how Mr Clark would want to 
support this. 

“I think it’s an excellent 
objective," said Mr Clark, 
who forecasts considerable 
progress over the next 18 

As for markets, Mr Clark 
considers the US the principle 
target for British manufactur- 
ers and dismisses the prob- 
lems of erratic exchange rates. 

u . , . If the product is 
good and reliable and is 
carefully researched to fill, a 
mar ket need, it and the dis- 
tributors should be able to 
smooth out exchange rate 
00001311005 ." ‘ 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Beecham will not be 
purged without a bid 

Bid fever is helping to keep the 
stock market's temperature high. 
Some rumours of impending take- 
overs are too rash to be contem- 
plated, even in a market where 
belief has been largely suspended. 
Others, rightly, refuse to lie down. 
In the second category is Beecham 
Group, the food and pharmaceutical 
company which by the admission of 
its own board last November had 
lost its way and in the opinion of 
close Beecham observers is no 
longer equipped to find it again 

For the record, the last formal 
denial provoked by bid speculation 
was made on January 30. No 
takeover or merger discussions 
“have been held and the company 
knows of no circumstances which 
indicate that a bid is under 

The watershed in Beec ham’s 
affairs was in November when Lord 
Keith of Castleacre unceremo- 
niously ditched Sir Ronald Halstead 
and blamed him for the short- 
comings he perceived in Beec ham’s 
management performance over the 
two preceding years. Lord Keith has 
fair claims to be the judge of what is 
right for Beecham, even though, by 
implication, his judgement in 
appointing Sir Ronald to the senior 
executive position was at fault. 

Through Iazge trust holdings of 
Beecham shares, he has a special 
responsibility. It has cot escaped 
notice that in appointing John Robb 
to be the new chief executive. Lord 

Keith and the rest of the Beecham 
board have chosen a mirror image 
of the deposed Sir Ronald. It is 
therefore hardly surprising that the 
market has drawn the inference that 
Lord Keith is not looking to a 
painful, slow process of rehabilita- 
tion, more to a rapid revival of in- 
terest in Beec ham’s value. This view 
is reinforced by the number of 
senior Beec ham executives who are 
beating paths to other companies' 

As the name of the takeover game 
is now “Brands", Unilever cannot 
fail to be interested in acquiring 
Beecham. It would not want a 
contest,, however. Smith, Kline is 
known to be interested in Beec ham’s 
pharmaceutical division but dis- 
memberment is hardly in Beecham's 
best interest. The most intriguing 
would-be bidder is ICI. For it to ac- 
quire Beecham would indicate a 
very serious, and necessary, 
commitment to major growth in 
pharmace uticals. 

Beecham is now officially 
committed to a policy of “not 
commenting on market rumours”. 
Nonetheless it would be foolish for 
the board not to appreciate that this 
once great company is now in a 
state of unstable equilibrium. The 
sooner this state is brought lo an 
end. the better. Meanwhile Beecham 
shareholders should keep their 
holdings and await events. They 
should not have to wait too long for 
the air to dear. 

Fog over money supply 

The fog that descended upon the 
City with the publication of the 
provisional money supply numbers 
last week, stubbornly refused to 
clear yesterday. The money supply 
numbers were good and nobody, not 
even the Bank of England, was quite 
sure why. 

Final money supply figures for 
banking January showed a sterling 
M3 rise of 0.1 per cent, even better 
than the 0.25 per cent rise originally 
estimated. Narrow money, MO, rose 
by 1.4 per cent, it is true, but not 
even the Chancellor, spared the 
embarrassment of another base rate 
increase, was going to worry about 

Bank lending managed a paltry 
£370 million nse, after an average 
monthly increase of £2 billion over 
the previous three months. This was 
the counterpart which the majority 
of City economists fell down on in 
their guesses of the January money 

The City’s “Young Turks” seized 
hungrily on yesterday’s figures from 
the Bank hoping to spot the 
deliberate mistake. Unfortunately, 
even* suspicions about the January 
seasonal adjustments appeared to be 
without very firm foundation. * 

There was, as Malcolm Roberts of 
Laing and Cruickshank pointed out. 

.a substantial cashing in of both 
certificates of tax deposit and 
Treasury bills in banking January, 
on the expectation of further interest 
rate rises in the future. 

Peter Fellner, of James Capel, 
took the view that the erratically 
low bank lending figure of £370 
million could be explained by a 
natural pause for breath after the 
very sharp rises of recent months. 
This was not to. say that similarly 
insipid bank lending figures could 
be expected to continue. The rush to 
invest on 1985/86 capital allow- 
ances, in particular, was likely lo 
boost March and April lending. 

That there was also a true, if not 
an underlying fall in the reserves, 
also showed up in the external 
financing of the public sector. The 
authorities, while relieved that the 
right set of money numbers came up 
at the right time, were offering no 
assurances that this was the begin- 
ning of a new era in which a 
revitalized and credible broad 
money target could be introduced at 
Budget time. 

The Chancellor was much more 
likely to be devoting the monetary 
policy section of his Budget speech 
to an explanation of what went 
wrong rather than self-congratula- 
tion because things have suddenly 
come right 

Anyone Can Follow 
Successful Stocks, 

The Secret Of Our Performance 
Is Picking Them First 

The performance of Fidelity Special 
Situations Trust fa no secret. Since its launch 
in December 1979, the Trust (which invests 
principally in the UK.) has risen by 444% 
(offer lo offer, 12th February 1986). 


This record is attributable in the vipumus 
management of the Trust's investment direcint 
Rather than following the crowd, he 
believes in seeking out and investing in under- 
valued 'recovery block?' or twrtorc which are 
currently unfashionable. Factors like manage- 
ment changes, potential bids ur new, profitable 

products, represent opportunities which other 
investors will chase after in the future. By 
getting in first. Fidelity has become one of the 
most &uccet*ful managers of UK. invested 


The minimum investment in Fidelity 
Special Situation* Trust i* £500. So find uut 
more today by telephoning our investment 
adviser* on Call free 0800 4)11bl between 
9.3U a.m, and 5.30 pjn. Monday to Friday or 
belmw-ea 10.00 a.m. and 1.00 p.oi- on Saturday. 

Do it now, before our secret becomes 
common knowledge . 

CALLFREE 0800 414161 

■r) - 
td Lc 
«9 tc 
» Twc. 

s col- 

ted a 
- but 
70. A 
not ;o 
: Cht 

cm is 

1 OR 

■n of 
eft is; 
:si* ( n. 

• P-S- 
: del 

i had 



s of 










• 1.4050 








































































HOLDINGS; Conditional 
agreement has been reached for 
the sale 10 Bowater of ibe 

building supplies division, to- 
gether with certain properties 
owned by Ferguson which are 
used by the division.The 
consideration, together with the 
indebtedness of the division, 
responsibility for which will be 

assumed by Bowater. will be 
£15.4 million and will free 
resources for the further 
development of the printing 
and packaging division. 

final dividend of l.24Sp 

(l.98p). making a total of 
2.345p (L9Sp) is being paid for 
the year to SepL 30. 1985. 
Turnover £270.72 million 
(£247.6 million ). Profit before 
tax £10.7$ minion (£10.13 


Bank HQ in demand 
at more than £50m 

Rolls-R o yce is 

tour means, 

we sugges t you a c quire a used 

Silver Spirit and a new accountant , 

One day, you say. you’ll oivn a 
Rolls-Royce. But not’ says vour 
accountant, just yet. 

This advertisement will show you 
that your accountant is wrong, it 
would like to suggest that the day on 
which you mark your life's 
achievements by becoming the owner 
of the best car in the world may be 
only weeks away. 

It would, in short. like to draw 
your attention to the compelling case 
in favour of buying a used RoIIs- 


For between £20.000 and £35,000 
for example, you can have a choice of 
Silver Shadow or Silver Spirit. It will 
be a magnificent example of Rolls- 
Royce engineering, craftsmanship and 
comfort. It will also be protected bv 
the exclusive Warranted mechanical 
insurance scheme, available only from 
authorised distributors. 

Depreciation on a car you buv at 
this price is often negligible over the 
first few years of ownership. (Earlier 
this year one authoritative trade value 
guide noted significant rises in 
residual values of Silver Spirit and 
Silver Spur motor cars.) 

Buy a very good Rolls-Royce, 
maintain it well, drive it for two years 
and you will have the greatest 
motoring pleasure of your life. What's 
more the rates of depreciation of other 
cars at similar prices will leave vou in 
no doubt about the financial 
advantages of your two years of 
ownership of a used Rolls-Royce. 


Rolls-Royce say a car with 100.000 
miles on the clock is ‘nicely run in.’ 
Every' Rolls-Royce engine is assembled 
by hand and is engineered for long 

years of trouble-free motoring. 

The Silver Spirit is typical of the 
magnificent cars available to the 
buyers of a used Rolls-Royce. It is the 
latest and the most technically 
advanced Rolls-Royce ever made. The 
automatic air-conditioning system can 
cope with the climatic variations of a 
journey from the North Pole to the 
Equator, without adjustment. And the 
suspension system is so sensitive that 
it even compensates for the gradual 
emptying of the petrol tank. 


The Silver Spirit also represents a 
sound investment for vou and vour 
company in a less tangible way. A 
recent survey into the attitude of the 
public towards the Rolls-Royce car 
showed exactly what you'd expect: 
that 80% of people asked consider a 
Rolls-Royce to tx? the car most 
representative of quality and 78% 
believe it inspires wide respect. A 
Rolls-Royce still speaks volumes aboutj 
the success and confidence of a 

The Ham bras Bank head- 
quarters in the City' of London 
is up for sale — with a price tag 
of more than £50 million. . 

Developers keen to obtain a 
foothold in the booming City 
of London office market are 
already offering over £50 mil- 
lion for the freehold of the 
building at 41 Bishopsgate. 

It is owned by a conglomer- 
ate of companies including 
Town & City Properties, part 
of the P & O Group, and 

By Judith Huntley 

Stockley Pension Trust. 

Battle over 
Belt site 

Bride Hall Developments, a 
small property company, and 
PosTel ‘ Investment Manage- 
ment are among the bidders 
for the site. Hambros has a 
long lease on the building 
which it hopes to vacate in 
about 18 months on comple- 
tion of the sale. 

Hambros Bank is in the 
market for about 100,000 sq ft 
of space, but it says that its 
decision to look for new 

premises has nothing to do 
with the recent split of inter- 
ests within the Hambro fam- 

The merchant bank would 
like to stay within the confines 
of the Square Mile, although it 
says it is interested in 
Broadgate. the 3 million sq ft 
Rosehaugh-Stanhope devel- 
opment at Liverpool Street. 
But Hambros is looking for 
space as near as posable to the 
Old Lady of Threadneedle 

Investors look to Germany 


There is nothing quite like driving] 
a Rolls-Royce. An hour behind the 
wheel is more persuasive than words 
could ever be. A brief glance at 
classified pages will give you some 
idea of the range of Rolls-Royce and 
Bentley cars available. If you would 
like to experience any of them first 
hand, contact the dealer in question 
who will be pleased to arrange a test 
drive for you. 

The Frankfurt skyline is set to change as developers respond to as improving West 

German economy. 

Kuxnagai Gumi, Japan's 

biggest construction company 
which is 

“The best car in the worW. from authoris'd 
Rolls-Royce and Bentley dealers of Great Britain 

which is involved in two of 
London's significant property 
deals — in the City and Oxford 
Street — is looking towards 
West Germany. 

Improving conditions there 
are encouraging foreign inves- 
tors, particularly the Japanese 
and Dutch, to turn their 
attention to some of West 
Germany’s major cities. 

Weatherali Green and 
Smith, in its latest look at the 
West German market, pre- 
dicts that 1986 and 1987 will 
be better than last year. Confi- 
dence in the country and its 

economy, allied to a strong 
mark, is boosting property as 
well as the stock market 

Weatherali says there will 
be good development oppor- 
tunities in West Germany 
because hurriedly built post- 
war offices are now nearing 
the end of their lives and 
indigenous growth from 
Germany's banking sector 
could lead to the development 
of out-of-town business parks. 

The estate agent believes 
that at least one of Germany's 
top banks will lead the way by 
developing 200.000 square 
feet on the edge of Frankfurt, 
the main banking centre. But 

it does not see Frankfurt 
attracting large overseas bank- 
ers and thereby stealing the 
City of London's limelight 

Top level monthly rents of 
DM35 (£10.60) a square metre 
are the norm in the heart of 
Frankfurt’s banking centre, 
but there is an increasingly 
wide gulf between prime and 
secondary offices. 

Prime investment yields are 
around 4.75 percent but once 
schemes are over the DM80 
million to DM100 million 
price range, significant yield 
discounts will begin to oper- 

London & Edinburgh 
Trust, the young property 
company run by die 
Beckwith brothers, has tem- 
porarily lost Marks and 
Spencer as one of the anchor 
tenants for its proposed 1 
million sq ft retail develop- 
ment at Hook, Surrey. 

LET knows it is in for a 
planning battle on Hook 
which raises not only die 
issue of Ant-of-town retailing, 
but also development in 
the sacrosanct Green Belt. 

But M & S has indicated 
that it and other retailers 
would be keen to take 
space in the development if 
the scheme receives plan- 
ning consent. The property 
company h»* mnrfe a plan- 
ning application for Iks 93- 
aoe site but it knows that 
a public inquiry wBI be a nec- 
essary part of the fight to 
get the project off the ground. 

LET has already ac- 
quired half the site and has 
options, yet to be signed, 
for land which will give it 90 
per cent of the scheme. 

The developer proposes 
to build a two-storey scheme 
set in a wen-landscaped 
site overlooking a lake. 

Space has been set aside 
for 500,000 sq ft of space to be 
allocated to five or six 
large stores. 

• NTX7 Electronics, the 
subsidiary of the Japanese 
NEC Corporation, Is mov- 
ing its UK headquarters to 
Sun Affiance’s Linford 
Wood Business Centre in 
MUton Keynes, Bucking- 
hamshire. The company is ;; 
taking the 25500 sq ft 
Cygans building developed by 
the insurance company at a 
rent of more than £7.50 a sq ft 
for a 25-year lease with 
five-yearly reviews. 

. NEC is moving some 
staff from Motherwell, 
Strathclyde, Reading, 
Berkshire and Bi rmingham. 

• Alfred McAlpine Prop- 
erties, through its property 
development subsidiary, 
Whyatf Properties, has let its 
21,000 sq ft office refur- 
bishment at Ocean House, 
Little Trinity Lane, in the 
City of London to Postqmnkki 
(UK), the Finnish bank, at 

a rent of £475,000 a year. The 
scheme was forward ftmd- 
ed by Dalgety SpiUers Pen- 
sion Trust. Beaky & 

Baker and Hunters and Ste- 
phen Pawsoa Associates 
ac(ed for Whyatt 




Year to 31st October, 1985 








Gross trading profit 



Profit before tax 



Profit before extraordinary items 



Earnings per share (net) 



Dividends per share 



Profit before tax up 19% on last year. 
Earnmgs per share increased by 13%. 
Dividend increased by 15%. 

Balance sheet remains strong - ratio 
of net borrowings to shareholders' 
investment 0.29:1. 

Property assets well in excess of a 
billion pounds (£1,000.000.000). 

Trading in the current year is 
comfortably ahead of last year 
and this trend continues to be 
seen in our forward bookings. 

£ million 

Growth in profits and margins 




Retail price index 





% of sales 11 12 13 13 15 

of the An^at Report m^ybe obtained fn„, the S S c.^r,.t2Shenm«ISmHa.lonH nn unw- rB n 

Net dividend pence 
per share 


Dividend growth ahead of inflation 


Retail price index 

For reservations at any of our hoteis worldwide ring our booking office 
on 01-567 3444, contact your travel agent or ring the hotel direct. 

Trasthouse Forte 

ft- . • * ■ •• u 

VI . 

E: s,: - *• • 



in ijjSo 1 

_ •• ~iif ~ 

>pjU1 O* 1\SjD 


la Qaii; 





{ ■.•nr*’' 4 





.STr-fc .-r - -i. 


plans surprise 
London move 

SsSSS?-* 515 

FortbeDasidSuM»k.w. ^ wnns of the offer 
mSSS^SSS^^ ^ McKechnie shares at 

SnowteiSwiTp ? 3 Sp OT 115 ***«« their histor- 
"”-” e * ,00kjQ g after ic eaminst On th* for* nf it 

official reason for coming io 
London is that the company 
wants to expand outside 
America and regards it as a 
good international base. It 
also seems that the American 
authorities would not have 
allowed the company to come 
to the market with its privi- 
leged voting strncure intact. 

The voting structure gives 
manag ement 60 per cent of 
the votes. So investors who 
buy shares in Templeton are 
always going to be in the 
minority. The company 
nntil now. been run by one 
man, who is still very active- 
but by necessity will retire, 

On the plus side there is the 
huge potential of the Ameri- 
can savings market. 
Templeton has a good record 
in attracting funds and now 
has nearly $7 billion (£5 
billion) under management. 
Its investment record has 
been good, although some of 
the funds have 
underperformed the Morgan 
Stanley Capital International 
World Index. 

Earnings per share, 
exludfog investment gains, 
have grown at 40 per cent a 
year on average for five years. 

The shares are being of- 
fered at 215p each, valuing 
the whole at £344 million. 
That represents a historic - 
rautiple of 20 times earnings 
which looks high, given the. 
risks of international fund* 
management. But underwrit- 
ers were apparently qnojeing 
for the privilege. 

They may have mixed,, 
motives,- with at jeast some- 
attracted, by the 'praSpect of! 
additional investment busf-r 
ness, but their interest should: 
nevertheless ensure the offer! 
is a success in the current boll [ 
market. I 

The prospectus is on pages* 
29 to 33. 




If Argyll and Elders can bid 
for larger companies, so can 
Williams Holdings. 

Williams, the four-year-old 
creation of accountants Mr 
Nigel Rudd and Mr Brian 
McGowan, is dearly un- 
daunted by its infancy and 
size. Yesterday it launched a 
£144 million bid for 
McKechnie Brothers. 

The bid follows hard on the 
heels of the £11.5 million 
acquisition of Raw] plug from 
Bunnah Oil and the £73 
million purchase of Spencer 
Dark Metal Industries. Its 
timing seems to reflect both 
the recent strength of Wil- 
liams shares and the feet that 
its hit squad, which is more ' 
properly referred to as a post 
acquisition management 
team, will finish its work at 
Rawlplug in April and will 
then be able to take on 
McKechnie, ass uming t h e bid 
through. However, Wil- 
iams has acknowledged that .! 

uic iwquuiuDa os 
Tonks is “choo-a-block” with 
industrial logic nniiVe the bid 
for his company.His real 
objection however seems to 
be that there is no cash 
alternative to the one-for-two 
share offer although there is 
an opportunity to take some 
convertible preference 

Shareholders have to de- 
cide about the Newman 
Tonks bid on February 28. a 
week before Williams an-, 
nounces its profit figures. 
They should take into ac- 
count that Williams is expect- 
ed to have made £6 million 

that £?L5 million is possible 
this year. It is that sort of 
growth that shareholders 
would be throwing away. 

Estate agents 

-'Quoted estate agents are 
stiH few in number, but they 
have become popular of late 
as speculative fever sweeps 
through the stock market. 

Hambros Bank recently 
underlined the attractions of 
estate agencies by bidding for 
Bairs tow Eves. Legal & Gen- 
eral is rumoured to be on the 
prowl for Connells and the 
Trustee Savings Bank and 
Halifax Building Society are 
the market’s favourites to bid! 
for Mann & Co. 

This week’s £6.2 million 
purchase of Bridgets, the. 
stockbroker-belt estate agent, 
by the up and coming finan- 
cial services group Abacoi 
Investments is more proof of 1 
the key position estate agents- 
occupy in the adxlerating 
trend to one-stop financial 

Abaco already owns John 
CharcoL a flourishing mort-- 
gage broker, and Provincial 
Trust, a licensed deposit- 
taker. It has added 30 retail 
outlets winch will, in addition 
to selling houses, be able to 
offer mortgages and bridging 
loans. Next on Abaco’s shop- 
ping list is an insurance 
broker, to offer house and 
contents insurance. 

Abaco is paying 17 times 
last year’s earnings for 
Bridgers which, given the 
potential for adding on ser- 
vices, does not seem too high. 
The basic house selling busi- 
ness on its own is capable of 
good growth. Abaco’s share 
price has gained 1 ftp to 34p. 

The choices for would-be 
purchasers of estate agencies 
must become more fimited 
because of the extreme frag- 
mentation of the industry 
except at the top. Abaco 
reckons Bridgers is about the 
15th largest chain in the 
country. IJqyds Bank's Black 
Horse agencies holds number 
one slot, followed by 
Hambros' Bairstow Eves and 
Mann & Co. 

Banks, budding societies, 
insurance companies and any 
other interested parties had 
better get off their marie if 
they want to snap up a 
sizeable chain. 


Abbott 235 up 2 
Ashley (L) 203 up 6 
Cable & Wireless 323 
Control Tech 158 up 2 
U-Datron Int 80 dn 3 
Davidson Pee 146 
U-Elec .Data 73 up I 
Fferguson J 27 up 1 
U-Hampden 58 dn 1 
Idoco 51 

U-KJark-Tnf l 10 dn 3 
Lexicon 118 up 3 
Macro 4 124 
Merivale 125 
Really Useful 360 

Safeway UK £39% 
U-Shandwicfc 208 

U-Sherwood 190 up 2 
U-Sigmex 100 
Shorfock 78 
Tiphook 172 
Underwoods 191 dn 1 
Rights issues 
Barham f/p 149 up 10 
. Cray Elec 40 
Goal Pet 50 dn2 
Hogg Robinson 320 
Peel Holdings 490 up 10 
Safeway UK £39% 

Storm gard 18 
Speyhawk new 290 up 5 
Triplex 86 
Umgroup 120 dn 2 
Westland 20 

roduchnq BnWn.u®* makas money 


Honeywell Inc Mr Brian 
Long fills the newly-created 
position of vice-chairman and 
group chief executive. 
Honeywell Limbed. Mr Leslie 
Forrester becomes managing 
director, Honeywell Control 
Systems. Mr George McNeil 
becomes managing director, 
Honeywell Information Sys- 

Bolton Brady? Mr Stxn 
Hegubotham is now the man- 
aging director. 

British Telecom: Mr John 1 
McMonfeall has been ap- 
pointed deputy managing di- 
rector of British Telecom 

Humphreys & Glasgow: Mr 
James Law has -joined the 
board as group director, mar- 
keting and corporate develop- 

Willis Faber Mr Brian 
Welch is how group treasurer. 

The Scotch Whisky Associ- 
ation: Mr Ivan Stntker has 
been elected chairman of the 
public affairs committee. 

London Post (Printers): Mr 
Nicholas Lloyd has been ap- 
pointed general manager. 

Britannic Assurance: Mr M 
A H Willett, will become 
chairman and Mr B H Shaw 
general manager and actuary 
from May 9. Mr J M Hamil- 
ton will be deputy actuary 
from May 1. 

Peter Hand (GB): Dr C 
Jonathan Shepherd has be- 
come a director. 

Thom EMI Lighting: Mr R 
M Everett will be vice-chair- 
man and MrRDH Bryce 
managing director from April 

Tilbury Group: Mr M C 
Bother has been appointed 
assistant manag ing director. 
Mr Trevor Slater has joined 
the board. 

London and Metropolitan 
Estates: Mr J A Tbeephilns is 
now the finance director. 

Takeovers spur share 
prices to new peak 

ICI in Italian link 
to cut PVC output 

The stock market continued 
on its record-breaking run 
with two more takeover devel- 
opments provoking plenty of 
speculative activity again/ 

The FT 30-share index 
closed up 3.9 at 1 2 1 2.5 and the 
FT-SE 100-share index gained 
3.5 points at 147.5. 

Overall, the leaders were 
rather mixed. However. Lucas 
attracted keen demand and 
was said to have broken 
through a major chart point in 
its nseofI7pto545p. 

A gain of 8p to I92p by 
GEC was acc ompa nied by 
vague talk of BTR interest. 
Imperial Group rose another 
6p to 291 p as the company 
refused a meeting with Han- 
son following the previous 
day's bid clearance. 

Thorn EML on the other 
band, slipped 8p to 434p on 
the sale of cable interests. 

Hasfanere shot up 1 Ip to 
620p on rejection of Robeco's 
600p bid. This bid develop- 

Bj Our City Staff 

meat greatly excited the prop- 
erty and building sectors, 
inspiring gains of 2lp to 210 
by Rush and Tompkios. of 27p 
to S03p by Higgs and HilL 
and of I4p to 5I0p by C H 

McKechnie Bros rose ISpto 
223p on receiving a bid from 
Williams Holdings, 3p off at 
4?5p but Newman Tonks 
dipped 10p to I27p on fears 
that McKee hnie’s offer will 
not now go through. 

Some of those to advance 
on the back of speculative 
demand were Vanx Breweries, 
lOp to 393p. Combined En- 
glish Stores. 13p to I82p. 
Grattan, |2p to 362p. and 
Martin Ford. 7p to 78p. 

Recent favourites GUS A. 
850p. and Mann and Co, 
283p. fell 1 Sp apiece on profit- 
taking. The profits recovery at 
Robert Lowe put 8p on the 
shares at 48p. while recent 
comment on the company's 
new product continued to 

direct buyers to West 
Bromwich Spring, 9p higher at 

Westfamd, quoted in its ex- 
rights form, slipped down 
from the opening 83p to 78. 
Johnson Marthey advanced 
!2p to I70p ahead of third- 
quarter figures on March 6. 

Golds were quiet and nar- 
rowly mixed throughout. 
Options market: 

Dealers reported moderate ac- 

Calls were produced in 
Hongkong and Shanghai 
Bank. United Biscuits war- 
rants. Comiech. Manin Ford. 
Sears. Tran wood. Five Oaks. 
Rainers, West Bromwich 
Spring. STC. Cowan de Groot. 
Tootal. BSG. Hillsdown. 
Rownrree. Pavion. Moorgate 
Mercantile. Ait ken Hume, 
and Aidcom. 

A put was arranged in Metal 
Box but 'doubles’ were com- 
pleted in Charter Consolidat- 
ed. Sheraton and Grovebell. 

Norway signals oil output rise 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

Norway has added to the 
difficulties of the Organiza- 
tion of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries by sending signals 
to its major customers for 
North Sea oil that it intends to 
increase its output this year. 

Like Britain, Norway has 
consistently refused to co- 
operate with Opec in control- 
ling daily oil output to affect 
the market price. But with 
only 700,00 barrels a day 
production compared to 

Britain's 2.7 million barrels, 
Norway’s move has been re- 
garded by Opec as more of a 
symbolic nature than a real 
threat to world prices. 

Norway has indicated that h 
would be prepared io officially 
discuss with Opec the current 
problems being faced by the 
oil-producing nations. 

In contrast, Britain has 
made h clear to Opec that 
while individual oil ministers 
are welcome to discuss the 

issue informally with Mr Peter 
Walker.rhe Energy Secretary, 
there is no prospect of Britain 
interfering; with the present 
system ofaliowing oil compa- 
nies the right to set whatever 
output level they feel justified. 

Brent crude is now trading 
at S16.40 a barrel, but there is 
very little activity in the spot 
markets as traders await signs 
from Opec as to what it will 
propose at its planned minis- 
terial meeting 

ICI and EniChem, the Ital- 
ian state chemicals company/ 
have agreed to merge their 
lossmaking polyvinyl chloride 
(PVQ and vinyl chloride 
monomer (VCM) operations 
to form a joint venture with 
sales of around £500 million. 

The new company to be 
called the European Vinyls 
Corporation is aimed at cut- 
ting overcapacity. 

under the plan, ICI will 
close its PVC plants at 
Hillhouse, Lancashire, and 
WaHshui, in West Germany, 
to concentrate production at 
more modern plant The 80 
employees at Hillhouse will be 
redeployed or offered early 

TRUST: A final dividend of 
7.6p. making H.lp (9.2p) for 
the year to December 31. will 
be paid oui on March 31- With 
figures in £000, gross revenue 
was 3.651 (2,946). Pretax rev- 
enue totalled 3.295 (2.752). 
Earnings per share were 11. 4p 
(9.48p) and net asset value was 
323. 7p (290pL 

TIONS: The company is 
acquiring the design con- 
sultancy Sutherland Hawes in a 
deal worth £800,000. 

corporation plans to distribute 
its slock dividend on March 3, 
not March 14, as previously 
announced. It intends to 
distribute two additional shares 
of common stock on March 3 
for each share held of record on 
February 16. It will also 
distribute on March 3, for each 
share held of record on 
February 1 5. a tradable right 
pertaining to the previously 
announced special dividend 
from the planned sate of its 
consumer products businesses. 

Earnings per share in the fourth 
quarter rose to 70 cents from 
59 cents last time. 

• A CAIRO A SONS: Results 
for the 1 1 months to December 
31, with figures in £000, were: 
turnover 508 (1.803) and profit 
before tax 101 (89 loss). 
Earnings per ordinary share 
were 2.2p (2-3p loss). The 
previous figures are not fully 
comparable with the latest 
results, however. Extraordinary 
items represent profit on the 
sale of a fixed asset less an ex 
gratia payment to a former 
employee and director. The 
board has entered into a 
conditional contract to acquire 
four investment props for 
£1.64m payable in cash on 
completion. The properties are 
being purchased from the City 
of Westminster Assurance 
Company and are part of a 
larger portfolio of nine, the 
balance of which is mainly 
being maintained by Grand 
Central Investment Holdings. 

• NORSK HYDRO: Results 
for fourth quarter 1985 — sales 
and other operating revenue 
totalled Norwegian kroner 
14,033 mifiion(9,805 million). 
Operating profit before 
deprivation amounted to kro- 
ner 1,550 million (2,175 mil- 
lion). Deprivation was kroner 
579 million (598mi!lion). and 
profit amounted to kroner 971 
million (l.577miUion). Net 
profit after tax was kroner 298 
million (564 million) and net 
profit per share kroner 3.5 

TRUST: A final dividend of 
6.1p will be paid on March 31. 
making 9.6p (8.6p) for 1985. 
vGross revenue was £1.98 mil- 
lion (£1.73 million). Pretax 
revenue was £1.75 million 
(£1.57 million). Earnings per 
share were 9.70p (8.79p>- 

# The perfect 
business partnership. 

The success of any business venture, whether large or 
small, depends as much on the knowledge that your office 
administration is managed in the most efficient and cost effective 
manner as on the ability to adopt a positive attitude to the job 
in hand 

Bank of Scotland 9 s Home and Office Banking Service 
% (HOBSJ provides unparalleled finanded control-instant account 
information, the immediate transfer of cash to earn high interest 
on surplus funds, and the payment of bis. For instance, a bUJ 
received today could be entered into the system with a 
payment date of your choice up to 30 days ahead, allowing 
you to take full advantage of any credit terms offered 

HOBS offers a complete service and makes your money 
really work for you with the unique investment Account. 

Now you can bank until 1am on weekdays and 11 pm at 
weekends-all at the touch of a button from your own desk 

HOBS is brought to you via Presfel, British Telecoms 
extensive videotex network 

To obtain a copy of our free information pack please 
complete the attached coupon and send it to Home and 
Office Banking Centre, Bank of Scotland, FREEPOST, 

Edinburgh EH1 0AA 

Alternatively, ring 01-200 0200 
or calf info any of our Branches and 
ask for a pack 

Please send me your information pack 




• J 


HCMi u‘.o c?f; 


TEL NO.-. 










Washington (Reuter) - l)S 
retail sales rose 0.1 per cent in 
January, down from 
December's sharp 1.7 per cent 
increase, the Commerce De- 
partment said yesterday. 

It was (he weakest showing 
since October, when retail 
sales fell 3.9 per cent The 
report was at odds with other 
data showing the US economy 
off to a strong start in 1986 
after sluggish growth in 1985. 

The economy grew only 13 
per cent last year after infla- 
tion. well below the Reagan 
Administration forecast of 4 
per cent 

Retail sales totalled SI 175 
billion in January, up $96 
million from December. Bnt 
excluding car sales, the total 
was only S91 3 billion, a drop 
of 0.3 per cent from December. 

Auto sales rose 03 per cent 
last month. 

Feb Feb 
12 II 

Feb Feb 

12 11 


54 34X 

14 ST* 

i 62 
j 37-4 
V. 62 V 
S 36V 
V 52V 
\ 38’. 

i 73V 
31 V 
4 S»b 

Sears Hbck 40K 40V 

Shed Trans 37V 37 V 



Cm Zeler 44* AAV, 
DartS Kraft A3', 43V, 


Rubber »p par kSa: 
Soyabean Met, esttea end 
aaoaa in £ partawwt 
Gaa-eii and aagar In USS 
par tonne. 

GWJoynutiaod Co report 



Nofi at 16.40 

Mar — — ... 








.... 157.6-57.4 

16 96M 

— unquoted 



Clearing Banks 12V 
Finance House 12 

DiaeauAt Market Loom % 

Overnight ttgtv 12 Ion 7 

Week tSe* 12 * 

Treasury Bffla (Dwcoufij %) 


7 nays 7'**-7* 
3months8 l i<t-?*i* 

2 ninth 12’w 
Smith I2*r 

2 mntfi 12 “u 
Smith ill*; 

Prinw 8 ank BIls (Discoum %| 

Imnth 12 "J 7 - 12 % 2 ninth 12 *t-12’e 
3mrrth 12'iM2*» Smith 
Trade Bffls (Discount %) 

iwitt i?'» 2 mnth 121*1 

3mnth Wn Smith 12*n 

Interbank (%) 

Overraght open 12 V dose 5 
1 week I 2 iis- 

12" ie 6 mnei I2"ie- 

1 xtnth 12'*w 

12"ib Smrth 12V 


3 mnth 12 iw 

I 2 'i* 12 mnth I 2 *e- 

12* e 

Local Authority Deposits (%) 

2 days 12V 7 days 12 V 

imnth 12 V 3mnth 12 V 

finvnti 12V 12 ninth 12V 

Local Authority Bonds p4) 

1 mnth 13*- 13 2 ninth 13V13 

3 ninth 13 V- 

12* 6 mnth '13*- 

7 days 4V-4* 
3monlht4 8 ^4 1 'i» 
Fl ench F r anc 
7 days 7V-7V 
3 months 15V15V 
Swiss Franc 
7 days l>9-1* 

3 months 4-3', 


7 days 64* 

3 months 6*144' >• 

cal 8V 7* 

1 month 8-7* 

8 months 8 

cal 5-4 
1 month 4*w4'is 

6 months 4* 1 9-4 -'f. 

caa 104 
1 month 12V-12V 
6 months I4’t-14* 
cad 2V-1V 
1 month 3* 
call 6-5 
1 month 

6 months 6 


S 81 5042401 




May — 










Jd — 







S = 









_ - 170948 







.... 2575-70 














_ 186^5-6560 

— 153J30-5250 

— 148.00-47.25 


__ 146.0045.00 

— 14650-JaUO 
_ 150S046UO 

Oct 155.004WJQ 

New 1620047.00 

wot 2S78 

Unofficial prices 
Official Tomgwec figures 
Price in E par metric tonne 
SAver in pence per My ounce 

Rudolf Woff A Co. Ltd. report 


Cash 982-983 

Three months ... 1009A-1010 

Vd _ .4150 

Tone Stnaaer 


■ Cash - * 7 58 nEm5 

Three Morans-...- 1000-1002 

Vd -■£ 

Cash Suspended 

Three Months . — 

Tone — 

i c ah 

CaST 257.00-258-00 

Three Months . 267.00-2WU0 

VqT *050 

T&f “ - Steady 

Zinc Standard 

Cash 402.0-407.0 • 

Tires Months Notrsdrig 

Tone kSa 

Zbic Wgh Grade | 

Cash 42050-42150 

Three Months . 42850-429.00 

vol 44S0 

Tons - Steadwr 

Silver Large 

Cash 415.0417.0 

Three Months 4280-429.0 

Vol 34 

Tone — 


Cash 4150417.0 

Three Months — 4280429.0 

Vel *Wl Vatin*. 

t£*TT. ... w» ttW* 

AlumMuq LOI 

Cash . _ 78150-78251 

Three Months . 80900-6095C 

Voi . ... 33M 

Tone - Slew* ^ 

Wdrei m# 

Cash .. 2745-275C «r 

Throe Months __ 2S1S-2S2C Ms* 

** 246 jun 

*»» Steady, qvai jj 



Average fatsieefc prices at Cct 

representative markets on Nov 

Fefcniaryl? Jan 

tSQ; Carte. 96 25p per 

^Snaep 180.08 per ksastc 
cwleAAU tl- 


England and Wales: Aud 

Caalanas.aovini4.7per Sep 

cent. a*e. 

pnoe.97 05p(+1.4l| 

Sheep no& down 165 per F 


pnea. ISO 17p I+A25) __ 

Pig nos. down 5.4 per cere. Month 

are. Apt 

I pnea. 74.i5p(+15E) May 

* ' Nov 

Scotland: Feb 

Cattle nos. up 5 7 per cem. Apr 


once. 92.84p(-0.46l 

ivnu: - .. 732 

Banov i54 

Lmftg Ceramet 

p. per Ho 

Vc*P Open Close 
1035 100.5 

act 1059 10?0 

May 100 0 1000 

Jen 100 7 igi i 

Jul 990 1000 

Aug 99 8 99.7 

Sep ICS 9 105 5 

Cct 1062 1062 

Nov 107 5 1079 

Jan 100.7 I0i3 

price. 92.B4pf-046l 
Sheep nos. down 21 8 per 


GJLL Freight Futures Ud 
Pigno^n/a percent, ave- repwSiO per Index point 

Eper tonne ■ Jut 86 777 0-770.0 7755 

Wheal Barley Oct86 8755-8700 675 0 

•onth Close Ctoe 2JI 5 

tar 115.70 «345 *P p Jy 2T So > 

tey 118.95 11700 «5.0 

uty 11970 -- 940 0 

ep 9655 9645 J**88 9425 

Ov ■ 101.75 9990 S00C7B85 

an 10505- 103 40 .VcLlSdiots 

Pig meet 
P per 

»1 open Ckwe 

1332 184 0 L 

1865 184 8 - 

1872 IBS a 
1845 1850 
1800 1805 

180 0 1795 

Vofc u 


£ par Bone 

h Open Close 
8950 07.-M 

97 80 95.50 

-7750 7550 
‘ 94.50 B4.50 
9750 56-00 
Wei: 747 


Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rete tor 
Interest period January 8.1988 to 
February 4,1988 inclusive: 13577 per 

Rates tvppM by Bardnys 
Bank HQFEX end ExtaL • 


Three Month Staffing teen 

Mar 07.40 

Jun 8750 

Sep 88.47 

Dec 88.75 

Prenous day's total open interest t I5S8 
Three Month Etaodoier 

Mar 9154 

Jun 9134 

Sep 91.80 

Dec 9152 

US Treasury Bond 

Mar 8551 

Jun 84-29 

Sept n/T 

Short CX. 












874 5r 











Previous day's total open interest 20086 
9156 9151 91.94 1310 

9156 9150 91.96 1186 

9153 9151 91.82 87 

91.62 9152 91.62 52 

Previous day 's total open interest 3704 
86-12 66-2 88-12 4565 

84-02 64-29 86-12 6 

tbs i«utt.Et«MSn tea. tfcUrtttoasBi t Itsfefl iinjxna 

Long Gat 






fll t 

Jun ! 

Previous day's total open interest 1100 
95-35 95-35 95-27 9527 188 

n/t 95-57 0 

Previous day 's total open fcitsrest 8405 
110-12 110-12 109-26 109-29 4243 

110-17 11025 110-17 110-18 20 

nfi 111-06 0 

n/t 11.06 0 

Previous day's Mai open merest 2146 
14620 14820 146-23 148.00 579 

n/t 149.60 0 

[>■ > 







16V; 127 

Gored OrwraV 








Gored 9nny 





V .. 







Grewam House 



BJ 27 284 










Ac*mc Auaa 







• +2 

139 soai 













m* cap 



69 27 82.7 


Br /was 





01 0L2 


• 25 



Law Until 


4* 286 



Bmwi aw 




Lon Merenwt Sac 


32 53 159 





• +1 

3 lh 37382 



Lan Trust 


8.1k 80231 









3*k £9 779 






Murray Income 


# v j 

7.7 58 259 



. 1*4 


Mwray mu 



6 An 44 329 





Murray S<M 



39* 16 . 



Drarrui Cons 





Mura y vemus 



79 24 53 1 

• 12 


+ 1 

16 11 




20* 52 273 



Drayton Jadsrr 



IBn 07 . 



Naw Danen 04 


05 05 . 







5 7 4 0 309 



Dundee Lon 




Nwtnreg hie 83 


• . 

+2h 63 180 


Eon Am# Asas) 






11 05 





48 1.6 685 



Oaanc Gan 





07 19 61 4 



Eng** |nt 


6.0 39 409 



Nmn Amor 



77 2S549 


Engosh Saar 


19 2.4 55 7 





V + l 

44 29441 

En^rsn NT 


36 39 4SJ 



PacWc Assets 



20 19 700 



DO Wnes 


Fit AOarca 


V .. 

25 27 614 



PWWjngl AMS 


03 08 

F 6 C Pictfe 






159 A* 3*5 





113X 4 8 343 




79 h 52 302 



Finn Seal Amor 






107 +7 319 


Frr* Un Gw 






ftonmq Arnaman 


• *2 






Oamos Cu-Jit 





B9h 25 809 


Parwig Enterprise 





ffemaiQ Far East 


• +1 



Si AMXvwS 


4.1 i* *1 0 

Oenwig Radging 


• .. 

36 33*2.7 





95 £7 54 0 

naming Japan 





£4 39 *90 


flemng uercanus 



43 34 41.1 





29k 3.1 505 

Pwreng Ovonoas 



Scot Mige 



I07h 25 535 

FOnwtg Tacn 





69 £6 49.1 


narmng Unrvarsal 




6cd Mare -A- 


250 60209 

Fu Cd 


20k 29 583 



Second Atonee 



232 39 3*4 

GBC C«xul 


• .. 





dSfl 49 34 0 

GT Japan 


• + l 

2 Oh 1.4 953 



Snarer Ccs 



12k £4 405 

General Ftna 





06 16 .. 



General Com 



TR Auwraoa 


31 35 313 


29 h 24 517 



TR cny Ot Lon Ota 103 

• *2 

&8k 5.4 289 





145 45 303 



TR tad * Gw 

• *? 

5.4k 32*3-4 



Gcwr AEferWC 




TR Naxnl Rax 



107 59 27.1 

TR Nana Xnanes 99 

TR Pscdc Base tjt 

TR prppany <47 


TR TrMMSS 1*9 

Ttmpfcr Bar T*3 

Thrcgmontxi 254 

ThmQ SaonS Cap 303 
TmOusK . i8T 

Tnbvna rr9 

rnumfi me ar- 

US Dcotntafs 228 

V*nc Mnn» 52 

Wanpoct 56 

wnmn Ewn es 

Winn IT* 

YVOravn 296 

t«2 U 38 356 
*1 2 5 25 552 
1*3 63h *2 MB 
•1 7.1 B 50 290 

► *4‘j 119 «.7 30« 

t 55 53 *13 
33 2B 406 
.. 147 180 67 

93h 4 1 533 
I- 1 . 2211 4J .13 

» . 22 33«7 5 

l . 33 38374 

1-2 42 2482.1 

.. W6h *63*2 


s-sse a 

sra 360 

57 , 28*. 
43 19 

95 35 

155 as 

ie .mo 
1*2 113 
10> 73 

85 60 
98 58 
IDS *4 

156 1B3 

405 300 
a 75 3 68 
3S9 217 
113 75 

41 16 

211 «a 

Aferoyd 6 Smorwis S75 
aowicwi Express t*i 
A-gyto 35 

Bcusaaa 35 

Brsarare Arrow 1*1 
ax* uri C17 . 

Do A £18 • 

Sam 136 

Eng TiuH 99 

p-m) 209 

EiporaDon 70 

*10 25.0 4 3 14Q 

Frost Gp 32 

Goals (O S U) 65 

HdOBrean Aamn era i 
CH 173 

MAI 330 

UI8 7B0 

Ummg HBusa 277 

pjcac h» rs as-.- 
ODWwm 20 

Smrti is* 

*2 60 

• .. 693 

• . 693 

■ *1 54 

• *0 

*10 7 1 

I . 57 

1-1 25 

»*• 25 7 h 


*S 22 9b 
I .. 214 

t-2 1B9 

*■: 05 


l .. 83 

40 167 
. 9*8 ’> 
43 160 " 

40 I2i 

41 119 

40 348 

22 167 
43 124 
19 184 
62 127 
29 264 
24 15.1 

The prices on this page 
refer to Wednesday’s 

Bid OHtr omg _ VU 

Btf Onw Ong Via 

Bill Ohv enrg YU 

BU OfWf erng YU 

M Onm On g YU 

18*3 1967 
1722 1839 

Eu uu —n 
Sraaaw COs 


48. Ovcatfuren SI. EC3P 3HH 
01-623 4200 E*1 260 
NPI UK 177.7 109 1 

Do Actual 2838 302 1 

US (kawm 
Uanarw Grn*Ui 

9081000) uter trust 
Entw pra* Ho ub*. PoriBnoulK 
0706 827733 

BU Offer Clmg YU 

707 756 -04 050 
73 6 797 41 201 

Be Ofer Ong YU 

NPi Omni 
Do Accun 
Far East 4cc 
Do OB 
Amancan Acc 
Do Dm 

177.7 T891 
3839 3021 
617 5 SS06 
629 1 8893 

*19 310 
,-29 1 10 
-3.1 1 10 

59.1 6l 9# -02 030 
591 91.9* -02 030 
5*3 579 -03 IX 

539 573 -03 130 


107 2 







1 10Y 

















.11 Ie 


26 1 -03 

s 103 7 1103# 

+02 £35 



-03 096 

E 853 


+0-1 049 









-02 173 

: 726 


+03 5 10 



+03 514 

1 505 



+OJ 331 


PO Box A Nonwh NR1 3NQ 

0803 822200 

QfCMl Tiuri Cl 051 11 06 C *009 4 02 

Ifel Tru* 1173 1235 -0.7 192 

69 Carman Straw. London EG4N SAE 
oeatngs 01-238 38S5/6/7/B/9/0 
fet naiP N Growm 1223 1XM -19 190 ' 
mcomv S Growth 490 SI t *03 290 

Swoa So* 800 739 *03 210 

Anwncan Growth 3l 9 3*3 -02 310 

Jaeen Grarti 38 4 415 *02 .. 

Europoan toll 524 591# -02 280 

UK Grortth 46 7 500 *03 180 

paateGrowei 340 364 *05 070 

Hgn Income 291 312 *02 8 10 

Pracocal ineom* 458 498 *0.1 270 

Do Aesurn 62JS 979 *03 270 


252. Hmn MoUom, wc IV 7EB 
01-405 9441 

Growth And fee 77 4 823 *04 277 

Do Accun 1143 1219 *05 277 

tneoma Fi»*J 1017 1103 *08 452 

MEomto 1092 1162 *01 1.72 

OOACCUW 1092 1162 *0.1 172 

Um Trust Inc 1103 H73 *07 356 

Do Aaun 1998 2008 *12 356 

49 Harr Straw. Hanley On Thames 
0*91 578888 

Amancan Inc 
Do Aoeun 
Autsaaan me 
Do Acoan 
EiMpaan me 
Do Accum 
an a Foaa me 
Do Accuo 
OoU Raw me 
Do ACCua 

Da Aocum 
Ins Income 
Do Accum 
MO Oat Co s Ac 
Smgaoare & Malay 
Do Accum 
Smaaar Cosine 
DO Aocum 
Special S4* me . 
Do Accum 

Tosyo Fimd me 

Do Acoan 

H8B 127 1 
1212 1298 
597 6* ie 

Hi ease 
922 980 
94.6 1011 
509 533e 
79* 799# 
339 391 
353 37.7 
1489 1587 
3259 3*85 
950 1015 
1308 1490 
993 1061V 
471 503 

460 513 
1131 1209 
1190 1762 
90 6 999 
836 1001 
152.6 1632 

Do Acoan 1536 16*4 

US Snutor Co . Ac 53.6 57 3 

UKEquxy me 
Do Acoan 

803 969 
138.1 M7.7 
6780 72S.1V 

-08 >59 


.. 1.92 
*06 123 
♦09 193 
.. 10.13 
.. 1013 
.. 402 
. . 402 
*0.7 424 
*1 1 52* 
-C2 0 78 
-03 07B 
.. 010 
.. 139 
+07 1.63 
*0 7 163 
*01 T.4* 
*01 1«4 
. 027 

.. 027 
-05 335 
-0.7 335 
.. 2.76 

1025 109 6s 4412 182 


29 9> Andrews Sq. EOrtxagri 
031-556 9101 

,fc« means Una 
Do Accun 

131.4 13BB 
1935 2058 

Amsr Growth 
bid Emea CO's 
Ftr Earn Orem 

222 B tsfe in gv. London EC2 
01-2*7 75*477 

23*9 2520 

.. 129 



-- 425 



.. 197 



.. 191 



.. 097 



.. 1.12 

19. Si Andrews Sq. EdVtoagh 
031 225 2211 

UK Eqofy 1353 1891 

American 141 1 131 0 

Pao*c 127.1 136.0 

Euracsan 1879 200.7 


109. Vmcsnt St Glasgow 02 StOi 
041-2*8 6100 

UK Equity 
GA 6 Feed 
UK SmSr Co's Ea 

1483 1589 
T053 1120 
1235 1314 
155 7 165 6 
1031 108 7 
1158 1232 

*17 280 
-01 881 
*01 226 
+08 146 
-08 200 
+02 082 

HMi Income 
Con, tfl* 
Far Easiam 

942 1013 *03 1 73 , 

15*4 1637 *08 *39 

652 903# +03 6.86 
1249 13*2 +04 031 

1301 1399 -04 213 

174 2 194 7 *18 055 

1191 1184 +03 052 

723 76 7 +94 526 

5 '-68 rare h*i. vara Essex, igi 20L 
01-478 3377 


Sksysss. 3 * 

031-326 *372 

rtU *32 +03 

313 335 -01 OW 

»1 955 -02 076 

388 416V- *03 853 

Hcmam Eqiary 3603 3832 +36 X*2 

Eiaooaan 71 7 762 +0 B 08S 

HoUam COmms 50 4 53.6 +03 080 

Hovom HMl Inc 58 3 620 *02 680 
Mofewn Ind 823 8B3# +07 0.78 

Japarwm oS* 695c -92 005 

A Amen or 61 3 652 ..IS, 

Hobom 9PSC SW 546 592 *03 278 

HoVam UK Growth 721 767# *06 117 

rttaom QSt Tru* T60« 167 0 +01 978 

31-45 Cruturn Si. London EC2V 7LH 
01-600 4177 

Ouadram Gannl 3570 3905 . . 337 

Ouaoranl means 200J 2133# 626 

QuaaanlMSFd 347 4 3657 .. 121 

Ouawam Recarary 223 6 2379 H3 

* u *’ 0on ■ iou 

roerrrew widows 

2 ® ERrKWi EHI6 SSU 
031-655 9000 

Rtg Ea me 30 12 2i38 

OO Accan 2289 24*3 

CjYj to. London ECTY 2AT 
01-638 6011 

Amar Taen a Gan 

Sec Incare FrO 
s preai Souasons 

Ensigy a on 
Amencan Mams 
Sm*t Cd , 

Japan Teen 9 Gan 

991 1060 
1302 1399 

-0 7 010 
+06 099 

*497 1602# +08 516 
1783 1986 +27 152 

2*9 395# -Hi OlO 

669 714 -02 250 

33.1 354 +02 208 

709 759 *07 010 

Apn Teoi A Gan 798 759 
hnwna tonal mo on# Si 9 555# 
Eto hyt *369 4706# 

UK Ganand 25, 772 

130 I >38 
». 56 
2*8 9 264 
36 0 36 
1021 106. 
9.S IOO 

99 8 1«. 
1784 ISO 

NC Areanai me 
Do Accum 

NC Energ y n*. 
NC income 
NC Jmwi 
NC Smaaar Oos 

2555 2718 
2749 2923 
1411 1522 
780 82$ 
13*8 1*34 
1302 127 8 

*09 1.10 
+09 1.10 
-1 7 275 
+02 *25 
-09 003 
+0 4 238 

+1.0 04fl 
. . 796 

London EC2M 5PT 

1 . London Wal BO 
01-588 3644 Eat 3! 
Sosoai S*s IE) 


3&W9S9. Edmoiapi EH2 2X2 

NCSnarEumeCos 1*1 a J»* +1.0 ( 

NCEx«nrJ«Ce Cl lag 1190 .. ! 

NC Anar Prop 51157 1218 

NC Properly 1885 19B3 


S-wPsSre 0 " 3lnv ' La,aon 604,1 848 

-02 000 
- 0 * o«a 

+01 230 
' +fli 230 
-08 130 
*03 070 
-0.1 5 57 
+0 I 044 
. 1001 
-Or 027 
-0.7 027 
-02 212 
-02 S 77 
-0? 390 
-022 2J2 
-20 000 
*25 3*5 
*04 I 18 

^Ptncanra 2090 2130 .. 297 

Swap*#* eg 606 0 621 0 c .. 2B5 

JH*i NCU(5J 1*3 0 1*65 887 

MS'*" 0) 3430 3510# +165 215 

F uecmmaw lii 5 1565 +0 5 274 

Hign HUH 1185 1176 +051256 

F» East C| I960 1583 025 

JSS“ ** >5f». Iwaipoa L 88 3HS 
051-227 4422 

EOialy Trust 5*4 678 29* 

MTna SIS His .. 156 

CtoTrua -24 7 26 0 .876 

To ol 296 314 .. 163 

Paefcc Bbsbi t» 397 31.5 .. obi 

Renal London Hmaa. Cdchesm GOl IRA 
0306 576115 

AmfCSn Growth 700 630# .. 095 

CaouiAaeuP 1578 1877 . 242 

Gwt town* 49 9 52 6 .959 

Hgn income 6*9 891c .. 599 

mam 5 Growth 7BS 8S0# .. 503 

Jap#! Growth 614 S54 . 008 

SoecaiSas 878. 9*0 .. 185 

Dave a prosper 

28 Wanvn M. Rtxntord RM 1 3LB 
68-73. Queer St Eonournh FHJ 4HK 
iRontam 0708-66969 Or (Bami 031-228 7951 
Amet me 6 Groan 64 5 689 -BJ 7.74 

expo! Urats 93 1 995 -0 1 2*8 

Lomrmmiy *7* 50.6 *02 156 

031 225 2552 

feeoma Ltop 2igj 2350 
Do Acoan Un*s 240 2 2975 

*5 Ourkma Sq. EdaVurnn 
031-226 3271 . 

Amancan Fund 2078 221 5 -Tj 217 

5? ^ um 2486 -12 217 

DpWMiorawal 1504 1603 -06 217 

Aunnwan Fund 1119 1184 -29 097 

Do Acoan 111 * iig.y -u qst 

Bnopi Fiau 5102 5434 +09 4 41 

Do »ai»n 6791 7235 +1.1 441 

Eiaodwan Fimd 236 1 2SIS + 1 6 007 

Do Accum 2469 26*8 *17 097 

Japan Fund 2337 25 $ 3 -11099 

Do Atom 8*04 256 1 -1.1039 

tones PPP 1436 1512 .. .. 


tojv ARjincv Hu, Hvarem, Stow 
0*03 56233 

Equay Trust Ace 3*77 3888 + 2 1 753 

N Am Treat Acc 9*2 - 97.6 -46 199 

FW E*R Trust Acs 596 614 +15 08* 


0384 62118 OatMgsdSSi 6432 

C hpaal Um a 
Enerqy mas 

European Grpwfti 
Eaemm me Bna 
DoW*H 3> 
Fnanaal Ssce 
Gn A Fi me 
rev Rerum una* 
Yew iMJs 
mam* unn 

vwenineni Trust 

J3Mn Growiti 
J*»n SmeSar Cos 
IV* Tvefmoloay 
SE i»J Growth 

5c ary re ms 
Safecr toamssanai 
Smasm Cos me 
Specdi Srtunona 
UK Ejiajy 

*5 5 468e -04 348 

863 972 +09 072 

719 757s *42 577 

57 6 607 *3 8 290 

37 8 40.4# -07 1 1B 

81 B 87 4 -0 1 238 

512 539 +0 11151 

155 1 I860* -19 1 36 
1453 1553 *0.9 5 00 

96 3 822# +0.8 829 
75 6 910 +02 2 J9 

1048 111.4 +0 1 3.96 

60 7 6*9 +02 . 

85 1 101 7 *01 . 

2c; 26* +91 314 

334 998# -09 

922 966 +0.1 (ft 

HD* 1150# 298 

144 4 1544 +0 1 4 54 

137 5 IJ70 +M 461 
86 0 702 143 

1307 IS 7 -D8 303 

Amancan me 
Do Aocum 

Em Weems Inc 
Do Accun 
Gensrv Unrtlnc 
Do Acoan 
a* & Fined Inc 
DO A tom 

Pscdc me 
Do Acoan 
urn me 
Do Aeon 
Safeoea Oops me 
□o Accum 

iumsi n» 

Oo Accum 

1079 114 7 -06 199 

1122 1194 -06 108 

958 1029c +02 570 
1103 1174c +03 6 70 
1413 150.4# +1 I 291 
2287 244 4V +1.7 291 
«.7 47 7# 934 

S89 61 I# +0 1 934 
188 8 2018 *1.1 4.88 

2053 3065 *1 * 4 68 

1200 127.7 -M 074 

1230 13Q8 -05 074 

2870 28* 1 -03 I 87 

B7 J 3*87 -02 1 87 

53 0 5<U +03 1 93 

S7 7 81 4 +03 1.93 

439 496 -0.7 £51 

*46 475 -07 2.S1 


- 194 * fire# Saliva# Hd. Ayfea oi r y buoo 
*0.9 &00 i® 9 * 5+41 

+0.8 629 Amor EW 71* 773 -08 Oafi 

Amar ijrfe 714 773 

*«mi*n m 2ze# 

Canvnodty 732 789 

f™97 383 

|ouW 112.7 1207 

Eucpun Sane Sds 822 873 

Em mam 102.5 109 Be 

fro not! 229.1 245 1 

On mam 38 1 lOZSc 

Ottd kcomn 592 63^ 

Oo Accun 1080 1157 

WWV 729 780 

Japan 609 teO 

-M 046 
226# -08 010 
^2 788 -0.7 22* 

3*0 36.3 -04 150 

187 120 7 +09 306 

£2 873 *12 028 

£5 109BC 8S 

Ml 245 1 *02 MS 

»i 1029c 886 

60-5 +02 198 

O|0 115 7 +03 196 

729 780 *Ofl 494 

609 66.0 *09 0 10 

6' J Wi +04 226 | Mny A S m na por u 199 203 +02 1 3S 
1686 1086# +19 *78 I Paaic me TO* 752 +03 Q.QQ 

jJ < p^N i>* f±5J> 



Argyll’s increased offer for Distillers is now worth 
■more than the proposed Guinness offer. 

But for anyone vet to be persuaded by the sound 
sense behind our new offer ; it’s worth reminding you o f 
the strings attached to the Guinness bid. 


String 1 

Since June 1984 Guinness PLC has spent nearly 
£500 million making no fewer than ten acquisitions. 

Argyll , of course , are no strangers to acquisitions . 
But ten acquisitions in only twenty months is more 
than enough for any management team to digest. 

Guinness’ purchases are a pretty motley collec- 
tion. From newsagents to health-food restaurants. 
Hotels to delicatessens. And, of course, Bell’s. Is 
Guinness really ready to absorb one of Britain’s 
biggest companies? 

: '‘“f ' 1 Vi it. f-j 

\ •- THfc*t'. I c»LrfAPCniG'»(.L* e i.-:ic'rn 

*■ '- ,J * - .'y ... : j a i >■•*' ae- \.sr vjl'. ucr-'. vu.: o.i* 

String 2 

Argyll believe that Guinness have enough on 
their hands with Bell’s alone. In the US, the world’s 
most sophisticated drinks market, Bell’s had less 
than a 1% market share in 1984. 

Guinness itself only managed to sell 1.7 million 
cases of stout in the US in 1984. 

Argyll’s imported beer, Corona Extra, sold 5 
million cases there in 1985. So much for Guinness’ 
international marketing skills. 

String 3 

Guinness’ overseas business is mainly in 
underdeveloped countries such as Nigeria, Ghana, 
Cameroon and Malaysia where it owns breweries 
and sells locally produced stout. 

What possible benefits could this experience 
have for Distillers as marketers of mature distilled 
products in developed markets such as North 
America, Europe and Japan? 

String 4 

Attempts by Guinness to raise the spectre of all- 
powerful overseas competitors are also flawed. They 
rate Suntory as a major threat in the international 
market place yet 98% of Suntory sales are in their 
home market of Japan. Japanese whisky sales 
actually fell by over 20% in 1984. 

Distillers is claiming to be the most profitable 
spirits company in the world. It doesn’t need 
Guinness stout or Bell’s whisky to fend off inter- 
national competition. 

It needs new management with a proven track 
record like Argyll’s. 

String 5 

Much has been made of Distillers’ and 
Guinness’ supposed compatibility. It is certainly 
true they’re both over dependent on products which 
have been around for many years. 

In 1984 21% less Guinness stout was sold in the 
UK than in 1981 - the year the present management 
team assumed responsibility. Guinness’ claim to 
‘unrivalled experience in the international market- 
ing of prestige drinks’ is also doubtful. 

It’s almost unbelievable that Distillers’ should 
turn to Guinness for marketing help. 

The decline at Distillers has been documented. 

They have conceded that new management is 
necessary and have set a price for their company. 

Argyll have now increased their offer. The 
Argyll case is clear. 

Accept the Argyll offer. There are no strings. 

Argyll We can revive Distillers’ spirits . 1 



T) - 
«J ;r. 
W it 
3 far. 
s col- 

Jed a 
. bu: 
70. A 
aor in 
: r!it 

cm i:, 

I on 
n oi 






» del 

3 !-ier 




*a id 
• bad 






™ 8 













- v - ft - t . 



Computer Appointment 

Business For Sale 



: ,7 ^ 

TmM .A. Ul MlI ^ V 

NAG develops and distributes numerical and sladV.ical software which 
is widely used throughout the world. We ore seeking two industrious 
computing professionals to join our expanding Centra! Office w Oxford. 
Boih posts require technically motivated people with sound academic 
backgrounds and the abrftiy to work effectively within small icafts. 

u«quc - mans 

U*>k Milo J«i nunm** rwcliwur* Dwoiw^f" B«mr m*mon 

,K-rt> inr |W1 l.lirS"""'"" «"»" »®».rr*-«l 

Uauimii kaw .iui ijiailan • m"*. wr^^wfl inmn wi 
ririi IXJW *Miikrir<l in mmmM Mtri •Ht»er lop Brtm 

V. hod urjihi r» Old- IO "**»»• n^l W» W mrk 

JW Cl 35 OOO a|OT sW «— « fW » •» fPOlUTPIIl 

4 pj| 

§f ?$ 


Software Engineers 

TELEPHONE 0334 414** 


By Rebecca Eliahoo 

Tilney Pike Shane started life in 1980 
as a design practice working from an 
attic. By last year the partners were 
buying a disused laundry in Fulham 
and convening it entirely to their own 
high-tech premises. 

Such upward mobility had been 

f- -4 ^ 

Our software engineering group needs your help to develop, support and 
promote the use of software tools (ihe Toolpack/I suite of tools in 
particular). Your thorough knowledge of Fortrann 77 and experience of 
handling large portable applications software will prove invaluable, and 
your familiarity with (one or more of) compiler writing, graphics. IKBS 
and Unit will be a distinct advantage. 


WraM'hil htdrjitilir* rwMpanv In WMM T O tTWIOOO# * 3 do 
poiv rvi'iirnl mania powiion Coni arofiii W w mi> -oorn lor 

nMnwn Win vn (si iTfdW 
u ollm no nnv ndlrfi 


accompanied by healthy nses in 
turnover, with, for instance, a 40 per 

turnover, with, for instance, a 40 per 
cent increase from May to October 
I9S5 compared with the previous year. 

There seem marginally more pitfalls 
in architecture for youthful inexperi- 
ence. It is not unkown.for example, for 
clients to change their mind complete- 
ly when a project is almost finished or 
for their evasive altitude to invoices to 
send a practice's cash flow into a spin. 

Tilney Pike Shane was especially 
lucky with one of its first clients. 
Cheisea Girl, which had contacted 
partner Marvyn Shane, initially to ask 
him to recommend a larger, more- 
experienced consultancy. 

Says partner Tom Pike:" We per- 
suaded them that we were not too 
small or too young to work for them 
and they gave us three weeks to come 
up with ideas for the redesign of their 
shops. To prove we had fertile 
imaginations, we inundated them with 
ideas and they signed us up as their 

The partners took on any project 
that came along in the beginning, 
including small-scale domestic work 
for friends. Soon they had another 
stroke of luck. Michael Peters & 
Partners asked them to collaborate on 
projects which needed interior design. 

Mr Pike says: “Michael Peters and 
Partners was then primarily a graphic 
design consultancy and sone of its 
projects needed architectural inpuL We 


Architectural consultants Kathy Tilney, left; Tom Pike; 
Marvin Shane and Calium Lnmsden 

You will be a member of our Computing Support group which provides 
computing services within the Central Office. The various roles that you 
will fulfill include applications software support, user liaison and sys- 
tems maintenance. Your versatile computing background includes at 
least 3 years use of one or more high level languages, and your experi- 
ence of VAX/' VMS (or Unix) will prove very useful. 

Reply to BOX A97. 


Established London based gifts and stationery 
importation 'distribution company available at a 
£40.000 premium for goodwill and fixed assets. + 
SAY. £':m. T/O with excellent potential for 

were thus exposed to good clients, 
which, at that stage, we would not 
have got on our own.” 

The partners had to move out of 
their ante as they took on more staff. 
They decided to rent the first floor of a 
former knitwear factory in Shepherds 
Bush. Having spent what they consid- 
ered quite a lot of monev on 
redesigning the premises, they realized 
that the only long-term beneficiary was 
the landlord. 

Mr Pike saysTWe started to look for 
a freehold property with a light 
industrial usage. First, because light 
industrial premises are cheaper than 
office space and second, because they 
have higher ceilings and more natural 

Architect Cathy Tilney and interior 
designer Marvyn Shane had first met 
at Pentagram. Architect Tom Pike had 
always been freelance. MMr Shane 
said: "We didn't want to go to a bank 
on our first day and borrow money be- 
cause in architecture you never know 
whether your clients will pay you — es- 
pecially when you're just starting — 
and we didn't want a bank loan 
hanging round our necks. We decided 
to operate on a positive cash flow with 

our money in the bank and we have 
maintained that all the way.” 

Marvyn Shane's wife. Heather, had 
worked on the administrative side of 
other architectural offices and took on 
a financial and managerial role at TPS. 
She prepared weekly chans showing 
how much money was owed and owing 
and how much remained in the bank 
When the panners decided to buy their 
own building, they approached a 
financial adviser. 

Mrs Shane says:“He persuaded us to 
take pan in an accepted scheme which 
had been developed for doctors and 
lawyers in partnerships. It is based on 
a pension plan whereby the panners 
take out pensions which mature on 
retirement and not only pay back the 
loan but supply pensions from 

The partners want to expand and 
have taken on a new partner. Calium 
Lumsden this year, but they arc wary 
of becoming "huge and anonymous”. 
Their clients cover a number of 
different fields — a chain of optician 
shops is one example — as well as work 
for advertising agencies such as Wight 
Collins Rutherford Scott fellow design 
consultancies and financial institu- 

Bolh posts arc based on University related scales IB (£6.865- 
£10.745)/ 1 A (£7.S20-£I2.63S). under review, and have good holiday and 
pension arrangements. For further details please contact; 

expansion. Specialised management skills 
| available. Principals only appl. Reply to BOX B2l 

The Administrator 

The Numerical Algorithms Group Limited 
N AG Central Office 
23h Banbury Road 




f I Industrial & Commercial heating company 
1, 1 based Greater Manchester area, modem gmd flr 
[|| office & workshop approx 4.000 sq It T/O 
£300.000 + good profits. 

Reply to BOX A 47, Sunday Times, PO Box 484, 
Virginia St, El. 

Telephone: (0865) 5 II 245 

Closing date for appplications 
2S February I9S6 

G R O U P 


3M’s Whisper Telex 
has a unique feature. 



□Business in the Community, the 
umbrella body for local enterprise agen- 
cies and other local community ef- 
forts aimed at economic growth, now 
has 150 member companies and 
organizations. This total has been 
reached with the joining of BET. for- 

merly British Electric Traction. Others re- 
cently taking up membership to 
support Bio s work include Ems 

support BICs work include Ernst & 
Whmney. Scottish & Newcastle Brew- 
eries, PA Management Consultants, 
Pnce Waterhouse. Standard Char- 
tered Bank. Woolwich Building Society. 
Nestle and Heron Corporation. 

in all the skills needed to take a product 
from design stage to the market 
place. From a shortlist of 20 to be drawn 
up by the end of this month, the four 
best ideas will be selected. Eligible are 
individual entrepreneurs in the 
electronics held, final-year degree stu- 
dents in electronics and independent 
companies with a staff of less than 10. 

It is planned to make the IDEA 
awards a biannual event. Among those 
involved in giving advice to the win- 
ners will nbe Spicer and Pegier. the char- 
tered accountants. Blyth Dutton, a 
firm oi London solicitors, the Institute of 


Period and reproduction. 
tiJ daks. Panners desks. 
IX ruing ublcv Da 'Cn pons and 
Desk chairs 
ttrlK lot CMMh or 
Xwol f«Xn UrVttac 
-Jan DnU- Opt 9^3* 

» Obart -Sam. Intai VHS 
Tckpboae 01.72) 

tnicmaiKHMl Marketing Comma} has a new product wfarti has 
sccttnd income potential and could be Operated ftoir home t*,ih ramcipatinn. This product, winch >s »rfl sought alter 
espi-calK h> i he health and fi loess conscious, isahrads tom rd 
in mire of (he targes dopanmtnaJ wore chains in rha coanin 
«' *efimg imolicd. KniSncni secured tn produci that is cash 
producing, original prodixi has been used for over 40 scars! If 
sou fuse one or i*o days free per »cck and tovesmeni capital 
ot £ irt.MKl. thm picav op pis for free cotonr brochure to 
CM. Lid. II MartborMKh Place. Brfebfatt. East W 
Tel 102731 672214. Tlx 818266. 





The Price 


- ; — -- me (uauime i 

Marketing, Grange Advertising, which 
specializes in the industry, and three 
public-relations companies, 

Infopress, Michael Joyce and Walton 
Markham Associates. Help has a/so 
been offered by the Chartered Institute 
of Patent Agents and the Patent Of- 

HContacfc Cahners Exhibitions. 

59 ~ 61 London Road. 

r^0l)&7xff OneD * bO ' ahGar - 

ESAimed at reducing the high failure 
rates of entrants to the electronics busi- 
ness is a new award scheme. 
Intemepcon Development in Electronics 
Award, backed by Cahners Ex- 
hibitions. Cahners organize the 
Intemepcon Show, Britain's oldest 

1 knew my good luck wouldn't last 
“ 1 ve a government contract" 
national electronics trade exhibition. 

Winners of the awards will get help 
designed to give a small business or an 
individual entrepreneur an expertise 

At only £1.295 the 3M Whisper Telex is something of a 
communications snip. Yet it's a complete desk-top telex 
system, with totsol features- And it* also virtually silent. 
To hear more about this unique time telex, please phone 

® ( 01 ) 936 9299 (24 hours) 


l^tlta or wmiurty irttnrd 
foe* rniuirnl to oro- 
prirfor of Oxfordshire 
rmauram Midi or dMi. 
€•*••0 AIM tvrcurrU la 
i»0fk umorui iuiui m a 
f«*W Jlnwwnrrr Smht 
of Humour anting lifonrp 
jn d >r mMnt rnouuL 
ArrominotLMjon u 


TMrpoo™. Carolyn 

■ 000909) 316 




ruHr ngmnnf' wen. 
larv rarrmuy rariuno in 
rum* Of CIO ooo pa ra-. 
quirrd as PA lo unWr 


P.O.B 484Wgrma SI 
London El. 


We are a small but rapidly expanding Company 
(projected turn-over *86 is £2m) and are urgently 
looking for a part qualified accountant la be 
based in our new premises in London WC1 

The position carries the following 

Taking charge of the day to day accounting 
functions of the Company fine Bookkeeping) 
Implementing a new computerised accounting 

Bringing financial expertise to the general 
management of the Company. 

Applicants must have strong personal drive with 
sound commercial background 

The salary will reflect experience and 

Please phone or write in confidence to: 

Mm FDanmy 
AMjm Ud 
ua u Mm am 
Si Ubtm. AU 3CT 


r:l"l I I». II. .. rvlmV.4 Wn.vIllUj., W, -Wf-.flt. IT. ...i I .'■Br.iUvrL 

In some ways, if your office doesn't yet boast a 
digital exchange, you have an ad vantage. 

You're able to bypass newish but now outmoded 
communication system generations - and advance 
from your old system straight to the Plessey ISDX. 

The Plessey ISDX - designed and manufactured in 
Britain - is far more titan a superb telephone system. 

It makes available truly integrated communication of 
voice, text and data, and links the business world to 
ISDN - tlie newly emerging private and public 
integrated services digital networks. 

The ability Plessey has in digital communications 
gives the Plessey ISDX a head start over any other 
system that claims to be competitive -whezheryour 
office needs as few as thirty lines, or thousands. 

The undeniable evidence of Plessey ISDX 

supremacy is that it has evolved from the Plessey £DX, 
Britain's number one large digital PABX 

Connecting you to the future in communications 
is a Plessey habit - in public exchanges, packet 
switching, data networks, fibre optic systems — as well as 
exchanges for the private office. 

In fact, Plessey has the name for being the total 
communications company. 

It's a name worth knowing if you want to leap ahead. 
Plessey Telecommunications & Office Systems Limited, 
Beeston, Nottingham NG9 1 LA. 


Technology is our business. 

i iy 


»> i 

11 ' 

' -..*• ."V-S 

••».■• -S’*? 

•. v^SS** 


■ j ''iiib, 

v I ^ 

l; -t 


I ■ i- 

Hanson’s US profits. 

Are they a patch on 

what they seem? 




c % 



A'' ,' 

v V' 



* ; 

% « 

In 1985, nearly half Hanson Trust’s 
profits came from its US arm - Hanson 

Between 1980 and 1985, Hanson 
Industries; profits increased by an appar- 
ently impressive £111 million. 

But are they really what they seem? 

£96 millio n of that £lHm came from 
profits bought in - through acquisition. 

of dollar/sterling exchange rates. 

Which leaves £6nL, a sad little 6%, 
from organic growth. Then take out 
inflation and we find that, in real terms, 
Hanson Industrie^ organic profits went 

backwards between 1980 and 1985. 

This chart shows company-by- 
company performance, 1980 to 1984 (the 
latest available full figures): 



{§ 100 - 

i 90. 


1 80. 


1 Endicott Johnson 



Hygrade and Interstate 

pany called US Industries. Sir Gordon 
White Chairman of I II, has a plan for US 
Industries: to apply “the same sound 
business principles that have brought un- 
interrupted growth and profitability to 
the different businesses acquired by us 
since 1973^ 

Sound? Uninterrupted? Growth? At 
east US Industries has been warned. 

The Imperial way is to grow its own 
profit The Hanson way, it would seem, is 

Sbwce; Based on Hanson amfited accounts. Max: 1980 or first full year of Hanson ownership = 100 

Bleak figures: and maybe more to 

Hanson Industries now owns a com- 

for rhe information contained in this advertisement are set out or referred to in the press release issued by Rambros Bank Limited on behalf of Imperial Group pic on the 10th- February 1986. The directors of Imperial Group pic (including those who have delegated detailed 
The sources ioruieuu supervision of this adwrrist-mem) have taken all reasonable care to ensure that the facts staled and opinions exposed 2n? fair and accurate. The direnors accepted responsibility accordingly. 





duly prize money rated. If you are a 
winner follow ihe dawn procedure on .the 
back of your card. Yew must al*ayt have 
your card available when claiming. 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began Feb. 10. Dealings End Feb 2i.§ Contango Day Feb 24. Settlement Day, March 3 

§ Forward Bargains are permitted on . two previous days. 

N*J CMBpaaj 


French Kkt 

Warn Blake 

Monk CA] 


j H^yi Low 




Pnce Ognoam 


M2 Jll 

Sum cun 


-3 *21 

84 TO 

.’46 «D 


d *10 S3 9 

B5C&7 , 

1*3 W 




17 109 1 

»S 3f ■ 

£55 . 

*2. .. 

280 3K 




.3.0 152 

non Cmwy 

■ I !■! IT 



IQ— 5£9fl 

RotfvJnhi Ml Hid 

— (— jIH * *xmMi*»* gaa 


mhkm.w<*s ?fta 

Bra M 

BMUMn 47 

Bonaneions 9* 

Brawn |Mntn*i*| 315 
Buknet IH PJ IS 

Bunanwiod Brew 405 
Cum iM Wnj *85 

Oman*: U A] 72S 

D4M«f* 610 

(baenMWvMv 172 

Greene Kmo 193 

Gwrvam 301 

Hrcy* a Hansom *«7 

HigWano Don ■ 75 

tnw'go'flO* Ona 161 

v*sn bop 188 

Mnran Tnompun BS 

Mortano 237 

SA Sfswe*.fia 323 

Sea(*w. *« 

. Seagram 05 

Kara 59S 

v.tMb-eao A 336 

Do 0 £38 

wnofiraae Mu 260 

Wowrnnoin & D 435 

Young » 200 

• u 6 *0 16S 

-3 21 0 33 13J 

-2 1.1 UKD 

4 a 4js iae 

• 200 S3 130 

• 70 45 117 

• 14J U 91 

10.7 22100 

*10 186 26 312 
-3 2as JUBS 
-7 7 0 4.1 iu 

72 37 nr 

• *B 103 3.4 11 A 

• . 24 1 6.4 712 

26 3.7 15? 
61 36117 

m+S 60 30 . 

• . 22 34 147 

• •5 9 1 40 »26 

• -t *0011 58123 

- 47.1 i2 . . 

.1? 158 40 152 
103 43 72.0 
103 <3 121 

. OS 50 299 
.3 122 32 152 

• 94 42 160 

1.7 .02 
40 <2 

91 39 

64 92 

IB 02 
12 44 
22 08 
28 42 

42 22 

7fl zn 
IS 12 
46 102 
72 38 342 
62 21 182 
22 U33 
£3 12 17.7 
35b 12 120 

10 13.1 
M. 72 
12 111 
1.1 182 
01 .. 
52 22 

71 at 

72 62 


11 112 

440 or? 

365 135. 

re 22 
76 1 . » 
365 010 
76 31 
m m 

176 1» 
mn i4T.- 
43 22 

40 360 
252 * 1196*3 
» IV. 
60 33 

9 9 

Ml 716 

am nsv 
■206 106 
215 t» 

Cape A*man 
5*»JOT W . 

Cmwm be Grom 
Om nknctman 
cremn nom a 
Cutmbis n% 

o sc 




Ones 8 MM -A*. 
Omas 6 H— n 

oTI* Ru» 


- * na 

Bret Wge pence % -PTE 

93 21 11.7 

102 32 128 
2.1 *2 24. T 

IB 57 107. 
Ill 33 118 
12 41342 

52 22 112 
111 8210.1 
375 12 .. 
07b 12 ... 
43 12323 

172 72 92 

($5v? Pah 

Dm ■ 

Dom yj tcn Jr| . 

asr - 

89 • .. 

3D *a 

78 • .. 

137 . .. 

176 **4 
Cf98>> -a 

313 d-7 

98 *1 

ms- -s 

111 . -2 

18 . • 

311 *1 

m •*! 

110 • 

72-» MV 

n • .. 

77 • 

32 52 .. 
132 82 82 
52 52 >2 
423 42 11.7 
» 32112 
98. 47 112 
97 42 MM 
08 42 172 
72 22 183 

72 21 me 

71 82122 
72. 72. 7.7 

-28 32 108 

5> 19 ill 
5.7 7A 18.7 

400 308 
231 196 

196 Wi 
ir? 7* 
77 38 

08*7 9ft 
148 81 
176 94 
134 a 

tn 443 . 

335 164 
36C 210 . 
140 78 






Timer 8 NewMI 


Victor Product* 

Home Orem 

EJ— IE3 

| I— 1 


EJ— Zfl 


Cope Allman 

I I— II I 

m — g 


Booker McConnell 


,vn : 

Weekly Dividend 


SHORTS (Under Five Yearel 

2§ 'S-'.ESgjmm 

272 ISB^ WMgwood 
84 So ws* 
a 8 VIWuan 
118 48 WMrtand 

112 84 WWW 
196 108 WNNOOfr 

478 16* W*nW9 
.188.128 WHGp _ 
475 07 W o to rie v Hn jpm 
*1 48 4MIMN 

40 -18 Wood CBN) 

-78 IS -WOOMOMI Tta 

la #43 

IS -»** 





tun -2 

EM • .. 
COD'. +'- 

230 ■*! 


130 +4 

182 • •• 

CI57V -* 

W1 ♦« 

138 *1 

200 *3 

166 • -» 
83 48 

tra t *3 

Bt -1 


™ it 



175 .. 

475 ~3 

153 *3 


80 44 

T54 U 0J 
66 45 158 

.. ■ • w 

om ai . 

2 96 34 130 
4.1 22 82 

71 43 7 J 

Ijn 12282 
509 M«* 

M3 28 110 
,?7 4.4 133 

62 8-1 137 

428 .22 312 

;; " 74 

42* It 142 
21 1 © 
iH K*** 
12 22 . . 

5.18 £9 34.7 
23 09302 
107 40 124 

4.111 SO 68 

100 85 Young (HJ 

1 * 

5 tFM 


9 ; £.**i*& 



251 ns AMMrLN*' 206 -2 

. 281 . lov/eexlk Ale* g4*> A 

a>> WiAaOn OT*» • .. 

2S3 190 <V»Ol40d« 253 

>37 583 Bnanc 834 

272 174 Cam IMm » J 

293 208 Eauttr A IMm »5 -2 

350 TO* fAI 3BJ 1-4 

7V5 5D3 <3en Aeddeat 7» 4? 

798 BIB ORE 7BS 

733 548 Heetn C E BBS m ... 

3Zi 217 Hogg Rabrndn 321 •+£ 

777 5<6 loSS lOMi 752 *3 

34 18 . UbUe SA HI 125 

872 642 London 8 Mm BZZ -t 

335 24? Ido IM *w 338 

70 464. WMA MCLen f*8’« M-l 1 . 

306 Ml Mmt 27? 

565 218 PM8 378 • .. 

14 577 Mod era. 

818 483 PndeMM 817 

425 276 Rebge 408 -7 

S 5U HoSl 833 -2 

332 ■ Sengnadr On 408 -3 

75« 256 SmnlWeai 407 a .. 

450 320 atorge HMgm 420 

618 281 Sun Mence 613 -2 

SOS TSS SonLNt 877 -7 

an 220 Trade tadwncy aes 

489 Z» MB* Faber 447 *3 

14 41 .. 
IDO 4.1 . . 
M U .. 
79 33 179 
339 43 .. 
HI 14 .. 
U 3.1 -- 

2 U 07159 
379 49239 
3t4 *6 KL5 
124 49159 

321 O .. 



w SIG 

14* 66 BmtBWA'A- 



AKZO N/V Bearer 



I?- . . 




• -7 


20 170 





• *9 


27 160 






25 75 







51 -- 

Save* DM50 


r .. 








8.7 85 


10 * 

Brssn Cnems 


• *3 


40 105 


9 . 

Br Banaa 


.. 750 



Canraifl (WJ 










95 >28 



CoaraS Bros 


• . 


49 80 



Do * 


• .. 


55 8 8 



Cory (Horace) 




43 SB 






75 125 



DO tM 


. 109 



BM 8 Ewrara 


• *2 


47 165 





• *t 


49 86 



Hameaa PameM 



4.4 10.1 





53 92 



Honcrai DM60 





hup CPom Ino 




S3 8.4 







30 179 




• *2 


*4 IBB 


14 1 


• *l 


10 (00 



RaabrOC* HKJgs 


• .. 


44 135 






19 217 







wwsiercimine n a* 70S 



5« 95 



V Ottawa Qiern 



- 25n 3.1 139 

130 98 BMlMe 105 

52 22 Campwl 46 

235 CO amab 210 

433 231 Fiat lateur* 414 

98*1 5l'j ORA 99 

75 36 Henbarmr Brack* 08 

ms -78 -Hadm^Tmi nw 

mo n mtuiaaM ii9 

m m Mfrnrnm H Ug» MM 

205 at Medminxtw 150 

MJMSa PM atuome 326 

63 32 marLM*** 58 

222 W SegaHdUip 222 

30t 213*1 eannMawt Op 265 

an 52 Ttxwdiam ttage. 52 

Z40 82 2Hn MO 


WO 69 09 
.. a .. 21.1 
79 79 89 
1 A 10 123 
IS 39126 
107 28 159 
.. .. 720 

.. ..44.4 

83 6.1 202 
30 21 159 
7.8 5.1 109 
U 29183 
. a .. 52 

9.1 27 241 
14 12 .. 
&MU 14 

6.1 44 120 


«8 120 Angkg TV A' 
64 80 Orarotssra 

1» 11* HTV ItJV 
301 ?10 IWT HHgs 
ZM 128 SCM TV> 
i«fl 110 TVS NIV 
33 1 23 T5W 

198 *3 129 65 139 

30 24 80 68 

>85 110 59 84 

290 d 206 70 119 

220 • 127 59 99 

in • . 114 94 018 

33’. • . . £4 72 92 


re 50V AouaxnOim -A’ 77 * 33 49 29.1 

!S? |l - - !•»«>■ (Jemert A S 7 3.0 34 141 

*•» W |™ 152 ♦! 11 20 309 

52 S BUCK* L4S 15 *1 . . a . . . . 

H 48 P ramnar 08 -1 1 J 24 433 

Ob gK Sr Home Sum 328 *2 119 24 17.9 

5?? 55 5? • v- £8279 

^ SSE 5 .. Ki e+7 &3 25 179 

’M S 12 32 254 

M 36 Camrnl (St *& m li 67 89 

?S 22} ClKina. 350 _ 707 5J 110 

®* B7 Comaned Entfoh 181 +T2 7.7 43 253 

1» 95 Covrn [Furj* -A' 117 *1 57 67 9.7 







93 87*; Dswness (U) 

10 *. 624 Doom on 
396 271 DuM 

88 -2 14 1*710 

nO*j • .. 9.1 09 290 

366 • +11 ti 1 J 198 


41*. 36'. Consols 4% 

37-, 33’. War Lit 3*j% 

48’> 41 COnr 3 'j% 

31^1 2tf*.T7e*s 3% 
av Z?.ccni«3'(\ 

26*. 23*. Trees 2 *^fc 

117'. lift*, Trias IL 2% 1889 
101 ’» 91 Tree* 5 2% 1990 
114b 106 Tims 5 2*. 1996 
HB'i 85*. peas I2‘i\ ZXII 
103*/ 93’j Trees H9*jV2WS3 
lOSb 96 - Trees 5 2% »D6 
103N. 9?V Traas aJ'J% 7009 
IDS'. 97 Treas lU'rt. 2011 
91'. 79>. Treas H2’r% 2013 
99'. 87H176BS U 7%201B 
98*. 88’r Trees NJ'/t 2020 


■£ * ’ 9 paw waa re’i • 33 45 HU) 

SS OyilWreWedor.] 620 • .. 129 8.131.1 

™ .S 5"P— Stores irn 30 24 253 

228 130 Ben 222 49 2.1 239 

» 2 Eraoa*. Cknhas IS -7 77a . 153 

ra FViaAnOe* 119 a *3 47 20213 

78 23*r Ford iMartn) 78 *10 

™ IS ST w, " r mm.. 80 40 95 

382 18? FreMnana 350 *4 53 24 200 

110 79*? QMer IAJJ IS® 70 70 98 

15* eo Sen* Sh 68 *2 29 42 410 

i“ 43 Ooliora (AJ 103 a 2.1 20 759 

237 159 UMea&p i» .2 10.7 50 134 

394 152 Oran, 36* .14 57 14ZL3 

13 66 * GUS HP. * 2M 2A30M 

90* 674 On -A’ SOT a -15 28 8 33 128 

* 71 Hdh a _ 38 • *2 2JD &3 150 

3M 240 HoneCWn 2SZ 42 15 206 

■28 S3 Hauae Or Una* 113 *1 114 101108 

M Tl’j Jms (Emasq 88 59 98 180 

38 2i Cedes PnO* 27 -3 21 78 200 

13* 93 IGP 116 • .. 50 52 190 

228 100 Ue Cooper 185 -9 S3 29 87 

8*5 370 Uben* 510 100 13 370 

180 1*2 ipoWt Kjgaur ire too 50 92 

193 Kl *«r*s S Spencer 180 deS ji 28 259 

S 21B Meronss gem) 300 51 17 178 

M 8 MRMB 0M 1« • . . 29 15 309 

3QB MO Bros 570 74 10 409 

9* nSS Newsagents wo •-* 51 39 148 

154 MM 33* -3 ... 

385 313 OIWJG) 338 . 11 7 40265 

413 775 Grand MM 401 -2 143 30 120 

7*S 186 Kemeds Braofce# M 1.7 0.7 134 

312 3*1 ladbrate 322 *2 130 *7 194 

488 348 Lon PM* Hoags ess a -5 119*24521 

M 77 MowA CMdOQe 93V 10 >3170 

112 87 Prince of W Hotats 74 • . . 2) 28 I3J 

08 48V Oosans MOM 68 228 30190 

415 363 SmrHoab’A- 388 <5 U MO.1 

78 29 Sous 71 -3 1.7 24170 

in 119 Trusuxxjse Pom 157 • 70 50139 

A - D 

188 .WO 
7M a*2 90 40 

96 • . . 52 80 

290 +2 151 50 

87 50 80 

180 11.1 90 

■r 280 -15 7J 27 

130 • . . 57 70 

3*4 • . 8* 20 

36 ’ *t .. .. 

77 U 1.1 

360 .. 258 70 

7> J . .. a .. 

293 *S 114 40 

373 -8 157 45 

43V -1 1.1 h 25 

2« . *2 51 25 

T4 51 25 

20? -3 20n 14 

383 *9 710 57 

72 • . . 21 25 

S e+3 154 40 

^ - .TOJ5 20 
188 .. 110 53 

S' rn 25D*i 50 
248 • 10L? 4.1 

150 79 53 

149 *10- 29 10 


48 ei 24 7.1 
WO .. 257 149 

30 «-Z .20 73 

193 «*2 -94 50 

- » • 58 70 

380 . . 151 40 

.. I .. 

2* *1 10 57 

US -2 150 57 

98 a-1 70 75 

114 • .. 81 S* 



a ■ 

• * 


• ■ 










♦ 1 



E3* ■ 


• >■ 








# -? 
















• *2 






* M 









• . 




m - . 



fir • 


6*0 331 On Pne a 
71 33 Pe«0»^ 

87 SB PtMra Sow 
fift 98 Preedf lAlbad) 

71 *6 

r& m** 

117 10 265 
73 15 3* 1 

05 07259 
14 10 370 

50 45 380 

2* +1 10 « 

US -? 150 9.7 

98 a-1 70 70 

114 • .. 81 S* 

25* -8 -.a. 

400 -5 888 22 

29V *V 2011 70 
293 • .. 90 20 

143 m . >43 100 

88 a *5 *0 *0 

97V **> 40 *9 

>S8 85 6.7 

174 ■ 84 27 

218. M l.l 

43*1 - 

013 -I 85 40 

308 *2 IE4 £3 

2J6 -2 S3 1! 

203 -S' 1S5 43 104 

£19*> *V ... .. 

IDS 130nl£3 - 

3*8 -rlfl 179 51 17.7 

87 • .. 32 45 97 

X 21 89 HA 



69 .. 


90 .. 


00 . . 


3L6 .. 


» .. 



263 .. 


200 .. 


190 .. 


148 .. 

"" " " 






49 .. 


24 .. 

920 115 .. 


95 .. 














• *9 












* .. 





■ .. 



62 . 


mo . 



MS . 


160 : 


• 40 

61 11 


C 6 B _ 17 

2B5 l»t Sw T3ney 3*0 
88 56 SwhrM 68 

S> -g SakmQerdonW 68 
m 388 Saga *25 

lid 88 KmiCraennani 107 
130 60 Sam Hs ma M 129 
115 89 Sear 5 rtrtwuwi iffi 
m I09'j Sacunew >54 

S3* 110 . DO 4 _ 1*4 

131 *6 timers pewetersj 124 d.l 57 90 38* 

30v 23V Raybedi 
280 IS RM9 (Assanf 
1S3 98 DO ’A’ 

a 18 s » u sen* 
IBS 118 Samuel (H) 
g? 72 DO -A 
i?7 re Seen 


z» • .. 




75 • . 

IT 31 .. 
71 25329 
71 48 199 

.. 284 

90 37 410 
90 90 192 

127 9-3 <4 36164) 

335 300 Stngson [9) A’ 310 • 5? 29 120 

320 160 SmmiWM) A' 272 d-4 70 20186 

6* 31 Do tT 54 

78 4S SttnieylAO) 74 

108 SB Swims 108 

85 26 Sunwe OOMS *0 

%B1 are &««WU9B(0AW 421 

57 40 Tarpcoouaau *8 

t r. 37', iHa Prooucn 80 

■*i '80 unrtarucem. i9> 

*6? 267 vemcua -aw *7! 

231 1*0 WMQiOat, W6 

376 203 Wjravma » 

148 98 Vha«*s 103 

810 277 WCMfeonn 488 

5* a-i 

l-I 15 20165 

ae 49 20 7 
I 35 37156 

-S 6* 14 210 

39a 50 t06 
20 *1 120 
-1 ... 

-2 1> 1R 40 102 

.. n3 50 73 

*2 B6 30 166 

30ii 35 . 

128 26 209 


130 61 47 mo 

194 . . 7.1 43 *28 

123 09 07 647 

172 9*2 M 50119 

112 *2 28 24 289 

228 -I 90 *.1 90 

335 a-3 

47 10 34 104 

W 07 44 .. 

31 • . U SI U 

174 • . . 08 30 H 5 


5? 40 70 <20 

256 * . 11.7 40 iZ I 

144 20 20 107 

62. 30 82T39 

57*; *• . M 43 80 

31 - 1 04 7 7 127 

64 ... ' • a .. * 4 

773 • ’.!» 66 6* 

60 a . jl M tf 

31. 1* 4*157 

7\ - n 13 3 

16 . . n . JJ5 

47 • . 31 66-03 

69. 9 . Sj 13 BE 

81 d 50 8J 0e 

230 • *5 IS 7 &0 45S 

S7H • . Ill 34 130 

310 -8 75 25 161 

38 -1 ... 10 » 

174 05 4.7 295 

110 ♦ .. 107 9? 65 

*10 • j 154 35 75 

.172 65 30 130 

*9V *1*» 

91 .*-1 S 3 80110 

27 20 90 80 

89 •*-! IS UM9 

154 35 70 
60 35 130 

S3 U 11*5 

S » U 


18* 109'j EaeuMW >54 

194 11 O . Do A 1*4 

i« » 10 V SeomSenr U4 

3*’« 19 SfWor Bnfl 34 

99 38 SHU 88 


zS & £ 2 M 18 

11D*< 83V Sb HiwSd 9* 

*27 3 20 JKettNey £1 

31». U W B’ OS 

222 16* Smtn 6 Nephaar 218 

4*. a EwWimrii 31 

25* ill Snaism 2*5 

84 30 Scarrow iGWt 77 

315 93 Spear (JW) ? 1 $ 

280 130 Spwrft Jaehaon 330 

i«Q 35 SomffOarti iSa 

184 122 Spnai-SMW .164 

115 so Sum Ponmai i>5 

<03 50 5*4 *gte*t* M 

no re samara Fw* ran* «0j 

83 29 Star Samp M 

m 282- «MW W9 

348 285 SWMIW 3*0 

103 58 ‘.ertnglRd tW 

200 10 ? c’"r«n»i* .200 

>38 n Vj-wIWI » 

710 ill sjemwiAWp 180 

349 17? Sr^wmSer* IW 

a? .v sr-*a»e 6pe**«4R V 

W 11? Sw 206 

JOJ 307 , SwM OkC'h; 'A' 3M 

28 a Svcanrgre J 7 

M> 100 SMne 800 

422 206 T1 4J3 

453 51 TXT 187 

’220 9* 1SL Thermal 2*8 

Hivmr Taw 4« 

304 21 T*K#0B 0081 CSV 

9 5V Tare* 7 

14 44 ^Mfia M 

« :■ i 

m 31 TDomMn T-LB4 rat 

179. 19* tlpnow t» 

2*8 137 Tanlaiu (FVO W 

• .. 31 3201 

-10 17 1.1 949 

-W t6 1.1239 

•W 34 22210 

23 90 1*0 

• 30 *7 S7 

4*7 .120 10 an 
*-*2 170 SJ 1 81 

3001 >.1114 
.. 11 * 80 7.1 

*> 70 84 95 

-4 724 SJ 176 

**• . . . . . . 

+1 58 £7210 

04 10300 

•-1 84 20180 

If 14 BUG 

HM 111 AC 


205 55 **0 ProSuas 

a a am 

flhnel Mac 
225 128 D r— 4 (CO) 

489 S3 Br Aeagepae* 

117 79 - Sr CM AucMna 


178 120 OOhnw 

95 41 CtnU* m 

12S 88V Daria (QodMwy) 

227 15* Oansy 
48 32 BW 

352 342 FRQrauP 

2*2 1*8 fora mm 
n 58 Oaratfraen Q) 

378 228 General MMOr 
m 49 GMrMMd Lawrence 

179 B Croup Idas 
94V 48 . Ha ree Wa 

549 3M Honda Moor 

^ ^ i 2?' 

08 >02 In fin 1 

160 57 ina Motor 
S3 m KM **« 

303 139 LOC 

IEW S3 . LooRn 

545 233 LdCW I 

121 88 Perry gp 

0 * 68 numaisq 

00 M 0K*«fl 

m a son 

48 . 21 waodnaw ttones) 

7.1 40 100 

40 40 70 

10 14 125 
21 n 1.1 20-1 
i-10 S2 128 

95 *4li> 
ZM 45 04 
40 35 120 

i* 35 '.I 

$ SS5 

79 «J 134 
.... 93 

70 25 
43 SJ 92 
2S0 SLO . . 
.. .. 126 
.. 4BB 

H S ,M 

*a nis 

M 55 2f.6 
28 44 IRS 
1S1 45 85 

■70 65 S3 
1ST 25105- 
' 80 S3 135 

£ UVf 

20 60145 
SI 04 105 


M re» rn sis 

*®5 ’« GwnarBoo* t90 

€ 9 fflsrss* & 
15 SuBaff - — s 
S ?3 BP*"— s 

■ . . . If 27127 

- « H H 

111 6J JJ 

-7 72 <3 «7 




H if ^ 

9.7 44 124 
*14 (3 '37.116 

• Jj «j : 

5 Jr 53 01 

- ■ 236 55 110 

*1 179 *6 1S5 

B-i 3 3 32 390 
-1 17 1 86 4j 

80 106. 8* 

• i 

so 25 195 

■*J ... .. 

• 1*3 72 80 

-4 . M3 95185 

*3 R .. . - 

-8 *3 17127 

• . 95 22705 

*'• - .. . - .. 

r *12 35b *6 1C? 

• . . 919 35 185 

*-1 24 11 *40 

*3- .. 9 -. 

S3 3.1 05 

•-7 33 U&3 

587 280 
200 1M 
11? 71 

I0Z 81 
153 107', 

OS 60 
250 139 


230 171 
101 37 


288 U8 
MS 7B 
188 33 

8* 47 

106 9* 

S3 33 
WO 89 [ 
79 50 , 
195 101 I 
»V 1 


i-i ? 

Sk *s 

?H m-z 

■ -97 -2 

210 *H 

SO -1 

3 t 

1 t 

■m B-k' 

155 ? #+1' 


143 *41 

iSo a .. 
80 *-! 

it) Aooxnaae 

• & ao b Foracaa dMdoiW £ 



f >ss 

2 This document includ ■ Copies of ibis document have been xleUvercd to the RegninroT CnmjlamestnEiigland and Wales for regulation asrequired fay The Stock Exchange (Listing) Regulations 1984. 

; Shares of U.S.S0 "to £225? fi Ven !!! compliance with the Regulations or the Coundj of The Stock Exchange of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland r-The Stock Exchange") for the purpose of giving information with regard to the 40,000.000 Ordinary (limned Voting) 
• - persons responsible for rh® infm,. ^ r °nh« Oiler for Sale and the Company and its subsidiaries and comprises the Lsrtng Rarticufan required fat 7 Tk Stock Exchange (Listing! Regulations 1981. the Directors, whose names appear under “Directors and Advisers" below, are the 

" ormauon coniamed m ins document. To the best of the knowledge and belief of the Directors (who have talen all reasonable care to ensure that such is the case) the information contained in this document is in accordance with the facts and does not omit 

- ■ anything likely to affect the import of such information. The Directors accept responsibility accordingly. 

- Application has been made to the Council of The Stock Exchange lor the Ordinary (Umired Voting) Shares of U.S S0.01 each to be admitted to the Official List which application is expected to be granted 

“ on Wednesday 19th February: 19S6. 

’ Ute Director are aware that applications wig be made rorlWWOJWO Onfinary (Limned Voting) Shares of L\S.$0.1J1 each *bkb vfl} be accepted in faflL 

“ The AppDcitiwiliM wffl Open at HUH) ul on Wednesday, 19th February, 1986 and may be dosed at any time tfcereaftet The precedure for application is set eat in “Procedare for AppBcatkm'’ Mow. 

^ Details of the share capital of the Company and the indebtedness of tfae Templeton Croup appear bdo* 

to- • 

. •’ -• '.r 


■: . 

•* ■’ ’ 

^ .• 

« * 

: «• • 

■ » t tf 

Templeton, Galbraith & 

Hansberger Ltd. 

(Incorporated in the Cayman Islands with limited liability) 

Offer for Sale 


Cazenove & Co. 


40,000,000 Ordinary (Limited Voting) Shares of U.S.$0.01 each 


215p per Share payable in full on application 


:rj _ 
ed rr. 

«0 , c 
i rw c 

s co|. 



fed 5 
- but 


no: to 
■ the 

eat is 

1 on 
n of 
ef lisj 








■ P-s- 
: dd 

* had 



* Sf “ iv • 5.; 


. «- »» 

i • t- 


, V ■$ 

4QQJM* 4 ;c; 

1,600,000 •' V 


in Ordinary ‘A’ Sharps of $0.01 each 
- ' tarrying five vole? each ' ' 

in Ordinary (limited Voting) Shares of $0.01 each 
carrying one vote each 

- ~ t ri i • ' aooo,ooo ; 

Issued and 
fully paid 

• . 400,000. 

• w* 

■ W 





As at 2 1st January. 1986, Templeton Investment Counsel. Inc^ a 'subsidiary of the 
Company, bad a hank k»n .facility of $1,500,000,. all of which bad been drawn and 
remained outstanding. At the same date. Securities Fund' Investors, Ina, another 
subsidiary, was indebted to Mr. John Galbraith, a director of the Company, in respect of 
10 per cent, subordinated non-negotiable notes, repayable in five annual instalments 
between 198 7 and 1991, having an aggregate face value of 58,900,000. In addition. 
Securities Fund Investors, Inc. was indebted to Florida National Bank in an aggregate 
amount ofS 1,500, 000 evidenced by two promissory notes raaiuringin July, 1987, bearing 
interest at afloaiing rate, such indebtedness beingsecured by a mortgage on its premisesai 
405 Central Avenue. Sl Petersburg, Florida. Saveasaforesaid, and apart from intragroup 
transactions, as at 21st January, 1986, neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries 
had any loan capital (including terra loans) outstanding or created but unissued nor any 
outstanding mortgages, charges or other borrowings or indebtedness in the nature of 
borrowings, including bank overdrafts and liabilities under acceptances or acceptance 
credits, hire purchase commitments, guarantees or other contingent liabilities. 



Templeton, Galbraith & Hansberger Ltd. 

Templeton Group 

the Company and its subsidiaries 


the Ordinary (Limited Voting) Shares of 
50.01 each of the Company 


the directors of the Company 

Offer for Sale 

the offer for sale referred to herein 


John Templeton Counsellors, Inc. 


Securities Fund Annuities, Inc. 


Securities Fund Investors, Inc. 


Securities Fund Trust Company of Florida 


Templeton Investment Counsel, Inc. 


Templeton Investment Counsel Limited 


Templeton Investment Management limited 

U.S. Dollars nr $ • United Slates dollars 


The Shares offered pursuant to the Offer for Sale have not been and will not be registered 
under the United Slates Securities Act of 1933. as amended. Accordingly such Shares 
may not be ofTered. sold, renounced or transferred, directly or indirectly in the United 
Slates or to or for the benefit of any United States person or to any person purchasing 
such Shares for re-offer, resale, renunciation or transfer in the United States or to or for 
the benefit of any United States person as part of the distribution of such Shares. 
Application Forms to be used in connection with the Offer for Sale incorporate a warranty 
that the applicant is not a United Slates person and is not applying on behalf of or with 
a view to resale to. a United States person. Registration application forms on Letters of ' 
Acceptance will contain a warranty to the same effect by or by a duly authorised person 
on behalf of, the person in whose names the Shares are to be registered “United States 
person" means any national or resident of the United States or the estate or trust of any 
such person, any corporation, partnership or other entity created or organised in or under 
the laws of the United States, or any political sub-division thereof; “United Slates" i _ 
means the United States of America, its territories and possessions. 


1 Directors John Marks Templeton (Chairman) (British citizen) 

John WaiHuu Galbraith (Vice-Chairman) (VS. dozen) 

^ Thomas Loren Hanstaser (Preadeiu and Finance Dirmor) (US 

citizen) ' ... 

Mark Gordin Hoftnrasko (Bahamian citizen) 

- ■ ‘Henry Eric Montgomerie (British citizen) 

f’ The Right Hon. Derek WTfbra&un The Lead Pritchard (British citizen) 

-j; ‘Archibald Demustoan Rnssel (Canadian citizen) 

•Manas Storeh iSn’rt/isb cilten) 

•John Marks Templeton J*. (US citizen ) 

Lyford Cay. Nassau, Bahamas 

- *non-execuiive 

' Secretary Martin Lawrence V\ana&n,Certified Public Accountant 
. . Lyfqrd Cay, Nassau, Bahamas .. . ....... 

Registered Office ’ Bank of Nova Scotia Buflding • 

-■ PO. Box 268, Grand Cayman 

i ‘ S “ Ckbn * m London EM57AN 

Ji Bankets Royal Bank of Canada 

Z7 Nassau. Bahamas 

*" LeBtlwtfsas To the Company in England: ... 

Siamoas & Simmons •_ 

y 14 Dominion Street, London EC2M 2RJ 

- ; To the Company in t^Oiuted States:- .. 

1^) ftnnsyfvariia Avenue N.W. Washington, D.C 20006 
;■ Tt? the Company in the Cayman Islands: 

: f Bal^o^I^^ro^BuiWing, FO. Box S84. Grand Cayman 

To ihc Company in the Bahamas: 

j : B»y Suta EO. Box N1 1 13. NKaiBiliaraB 

77 . To the Offer /or Sale: 

SbBR&ttriBdMsy . , 

35 Basinghall Street. London EC2V 5DB 

I? Joiat Auditors • 

gad Reporting 186 City R«d, London EC1V .NU - , v , 

. Accoontaflts 

. MrCk ;nr> Hendrictsou & Pane* Certified PuMic, Accountants 

- JotoABdir0rS New York.N.Y. 10036 . 

teeming hankers p.O. Box 79. 2 Princes Sireei, Lowkyn EC2P 

. 2BD 


United Kingto® 


The information behw should be read in conjunction vrith the other information contained herein 


The business of the Templeton Group, which has its the Bahamas, is die 
provision of global investment management, advisory and mutual fund distribution 
services. The Templeton Group acts as investment adviser to five mutual funds 
incorporated in the United States and Canada as well as to pension funds and other 
investment accounts. Investment advice is based upon a flexible policy of investing in 
stocks and debt obligations of companies and governments of any nation with particular 
emphasis on common stocks. 

Funds nnder management 

At 31st December, 1985, Templeton Group fiinds under management exceeded 56.96 
billion of which 65 per cent was invested in the United States. The chan below illustrates 
the growth in assets under management from 3 1st December, 1980 to 31sl December; 
1 985, split between mutual funds and other accounts. 

Mono) funds 
Other acajous 



SoJtoh Briton 


i mm m 

„ ip 


i Mmuriftm* 


-At 3 1st December- 

1981 • 1982 1983 1984 1985 

S million $ million $ million S million S million 

Funds under management 



. 1*376 





• 173 











The chan below illustrates the growth in earnings per share of the Templeton Group 
during the five years ended 31st December. 1985. The earnings per share, which exclude 
almost all investment income and gains and all exceptional items, have grown at an 
average compound rale of 40 per cenL per annum. 

Earning per share 

Tfaancfria] 31a December- 

■ Years ended 3 1 si December- 

Earnings per share 
















14.94 ■ 

Offer statistics 
Offer Price per Share 

Number of Ordinary *A’ Shares and Shares in issue 

Market capitalisation (j) 

Earnings per share (ii). (iv) 

Price/eamings ratio (historic) 

Gross dividend yield (iti), (iv) 


160 million 
£344 million 

1.98 per cent 

tt\ At the OffnPneettsaming foil comeraon of Ordinary A‘ Sham into Shares. - . 

hi) Cataknrd on the tau cf the estimate of profits for the year ended 3 la ftwm/vr. 1985. See 'Unfits estimate’ 


(Hi) Based on the notional dividend that would hare been recommended in respect iff they ear ended) tv December. 
If85 in arcmhaiee *itk the dividend polity set out in 'Drridends' h/km 

(rr) Using ihe me qf exchange pmaiimg in Londtm at 10.00 a.n t, OH llth February. 198a. being)) - S 1.4050 










a 1 





































































ThcMlnmng (hart uts ml the mcmhm of the Tmpkim Gmtp ihtir principal 
places of fastness, their principal actnittes and funds under management at 3ia December. 1985 


r 1 

Prtmda tmarmeat 
mean* u> ether 
Temritw Group xrd 
I'.K. aod other 
n uH'S Kinawi 


.... i 
■ t 

• "■! 

- 1 

. C 

.. E 


* 9 

* H 





















The Templeton Group provides investment management and related administrative 
services to open-end investment companies incorporated in the United States and 
Canada, commonly known as mutual funds, as well as to other investment funds and 
accounts. It follows the concepts of investment counselling developed over 45 years by 
John Templeton. 

As at 31st December. 1985. the Templeton Group acted as investment adviser to mutual 
funds and other investors with total assets under management exceeding $6.96 billion. 
The principal mutual funds to which the Templeton Group provides investment advice 
are Templeton Growth Fund. Templeton World Fund. Templeton Foreign Fund, 
Templeton Global 1 and Templeton Global II (the “Templeton Mutual Funds"). The 
longest established is Templeton Growth Fund, which is incorporated in Canada, the 
remaining funds being incorporated in the United States. Since its incorporation in 
1954. Templeton Growth Fund has had a remarkable investment record: assuming 
reinvestment of dividends and capital gains distributions, a sum .of 510.000 invested in 
the fund at its inception would have become $677,177 as at 3 1st December. 1985. This 
is equivalent to an annual compound growth rate of approximately 14.6 per cent. 

From its head office in the Bahamas, the Company provides investment management 
advice covering stocks and debt obligations of companies and governments worid-wide 
with part icularemphasis on common stocks. As at 3 1 st December. 1 985. the assets under 
management from the Bahamas, including all the Templeton Mutual Funds, exceeded 
$5.32 billion. In St. Petersburg. Florida, a subsidiary. Securities Fund Investors, Inc 
CSFT). provides marketing services to the Templeton Mutual Funds, principally by 
distribution through broker-dealers: it also provides administrative and shareholder 
.services. In Fort Lauderdale Florida, another subsidiary, Templeton Investment 
Counsel. Inc. (“TICPj. provides research for the Templeton Group and investment 
management for pension funds and large private accounts. Assets under management in 
Fort Lauderdale as at 3 1st December. 1985 exceeded SI .64 billion. 

In the five years to 3 1st December. 1 985. total assets under management by the Templeton 
Group have grown from $1.16 billion toover$6.96 billion, an increase of approximately 
500 percent. Over the same period, the total net assets of the Templeton Mutual Funds 
have grown from $995 million to $4,576 million, an increase of 360 per cent., and the 
number of shareholder accounts in the funds has grown from approximately 1 00.000 to 
more than 400.000. Adjusted profits after tax of the companies now comprising the 
Templeton Group have grown from $4.4 million for the year ended 3 1 st December. 1 980 
to an estimated $23.9 million for the year ended 3 1st December, 1985. These profits 
exclude almost all investment income and gains and all exceptional items. 



1 1 

, « 

' hyi 


;• afto 

• T 

. Capital structure and reasons for the Offer for Sale 
• The issued share capital of the Company consists of 40 million Ordinary -W Shares 
earning five votes each and 120 million Shares canying one vote each. Each Ordinary 
- \V Share is convertible at any time into a Share: Shares cannot be convened into 
. Ordinary ‘A* Shares. Application for listing has been made only in respect of the Shares 
‘ and only Shares are being offered for sale. A total of 40 million Shares are being offered 
for sale at a price of 21 5p per Share, payable in fill] on application. All of these Shares 
; are being sold by existing holders: no new capital is being raised by the Company. 

“Following the Offer for Sale, and excluding any Shares for which they may apply, the 
Directors will own 39.894.400 Ordinary * A' Shares and 79.788.800 Shares which together 
represent 87.2 per cent, of the voting rights, John Templeton, a British national resident 
in the Bahamas, will control 60.8 per cenL of the voting rights. 

A listing for the Shares on The Stock Exchange will provide a market in the Shares and, 
the Directors believe, will enhance public awareness of the Templeton Group’s activities. 

Investment principles and policy 

The objective of the Templeton Group is the provision of long-term capital growth for 
its clients which it seeks to achieve through a flexible policy of investing in stocks and 
debt obligations of companies and governments of any nation. 

The Templeton Group employs methods of world-wide stock selection conceived and 
constantly revised by John Templeton and his associates over 45 years of investment 
. counselling service. 

l r Often stocks are selected on the basis of factors which may not be reflected in stock 
■ market valuation for several years. This requires independence of mind and discipline 
--on the part of the portfolio manager. It follows that stocks may be retained over a period 
of years: the weighted average portfolio turnover rate of the Templeton Mutual Funds 
' for their 1985 financial years was approximately 16 per cent. 

•- The search for suitable investments results in the geographical spread of the Templeton 
Group’s portfolio varying considerably from time to time. At 3 1st December; 1985, total 
• invested funds were held as to 65 per cent, in the United States, 9 per cent in Canada, 
12 per cent, in Europe, 7 per cent, in Australia and 4 per cent in the Far East, including 
Japan. This contrasts with the position some ten tears ago when 1 9 percent, was invested 
I Jn the United States. 32 per cent, in Canada and*44 per cent, in Japan. 

[• : History of the Templeton Group 

"The Templeton Group had its origins more than 45 years ago when John Templeton 
-evolved an investment counselling system based on techniques of detailed security 
■ analysis conceived during his university career. 

In 1940, John Templeton became controlling shareholder and President ofan investment 
counselling company. Templeton Dobbrow and Vance Inc. Templeton Growth Fund, 
I which commenced business in 1954. was originally managed by this company. In 1969, 
John Templeton, who by then was resident in the Bahamas, sold his interest in this 
company but retained the investment advisory contract with Templeton Growth Fund. 
John Galbraith, whose career had until then been largely in mutual fund distribution 
and management, became President of the distribution company for Templeton Growth 
Fund in 1974. John Galbraith built up the broker-dealer network which now enables the 
Templeton Mutual Funds to be distributed throughout the United States. In 1977, John 
Galbraith acquired the distribution company from John Templeton. 

During 1978, a second mutual fluid. Templeton World Fund, was formetUn the same 
-vear, the mutual fund distribution activities moved from New Jersey to St Petersburg 
and in 1980 a subsidiary ofSFI registered as a transfer agent with the United States 
Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC) and began to provide transfer agency 
sen-ices to the Templeton Mutual Funds. SFI assumed the distribution and transfer 
agency responsibilities from its subsidiaries in 1984. 

' HCI commenced business m Fort Lauderdale in 1979 under the direction of Thomas 
- Hansberger. Initially it built op international research contacts to comptemem those 
^already established by Jota Tfempieu*i. In addition, tt developed a research capability . 

of its own with a computerised data base and began to manage institutional and private 
accounts. *HG -also became an additional information source for the Ba h a m as-based 
mutual fund advisory business. 

In 1981 . a third mutual fund, Tempteion Global L was launched with put objective of 
investing primarily in smaller companies having a market capitalisation of less than 
$100 million. A subscription Getting of 5 1 50 million, inducting sales charge, was placed 
on the size of the fund which was fully subscribed within approximately three months. 
1982 saw the establishment of Templeton Foreign Fund whose objective is to. invest in 
securities outside the United States. This fund was followed in 1983 by a fifth mutual 
fund, Templeton Global H,. which also invests primarily in smaller companies but each 
having a maximum market capitalisation of $200 million. 

In 1982, John Galbraith formed Securities Fiwd Trust Company, a Texas chartered trust 
company; io serve as trustee or custodian for tax deferred retirement plans which invest 
in shares of the Templeton Mutual Funds. It is intended that this company's role will be 
assumed by Securities Fund Trust Company of Florida rSFTO. 

Securities Fund Annuities. Inc. (“SPA”), an insurance company registered in Eladda, 
was formed in 1984 to offer variable annuity policies to individual retirement account 
holders. The process of preparing this product for registration with the SEC is currently 

On 3rd January. 1 986. the various companies which had previously been owned by John 
Templeton. John Tempteion Jc, John Galbraith and Thomas Hansberger, and had been 
operated in close association with one another; were combined to form the Templeton 
Group. Certain personnel have been relocated in the Bahamas in order to integrate the 
management, administration and operations of the Templeton Group companies. 

Fond management in the United States 


Although the companies in the Templeton Group serve investors from many countries, 
currently the principal source of funds is the United States. Savings invested in pension, 
retirement and mutual funds, including trust accounts, in the United States amounted 
to more than $2^00 billion at the end of 1985. There are more than 1.500 investment 
management organisations in the United States and, of these, some 90 offer international 
money management capabilities;- an even smaller number have secured faDy 
discretionary global management appointments. The distinction between international 
investment and global investment is that in the former case, the portfolio manager does 
not invest in securities of issuers within the United States, whereas, in the latter case, 
investments are made anywhere in the world including the United States. 

The mutual fund industry in the United States is highly competitive with more than 
1.500 mutual funds in existence of varying sizes offering a wide range of investment 
policies and objectives. Total mutual fund assets in the United States grew from $134.8 
billion to $483-5 billion in the five years to 31st December; 1 985. 

The growth in mutual fund assets since 1980 has been primarily attributable to the 
increase in popularity of money market funds and bond and fixed income funds. Until 
1 982. Regulation Q of the Federal Reserve Board limited the rate of interest which hapla 
and other savings institutions could offer depositors. Consequently, money market funds 
attracted savings from those investors seeking competitive income returns. A change in 
tbe Regulations in 1982 enabled banks to compete more effectively against money 
market funds for deposits. However, bond and fixed income funds also began to attract 
significant flows of savings by offering attractive yields to investors and have grown 
rapidly since 1982. As at 31st December; 1985. tbe total amount of money invested in 
money market and bond and fixed income funds amounted to $378 billion. 

Despite an initial slower growth rate, equity funds have followed the growth pattern of 
the industry, although they suffered a comparative decline m sales in 1984. Total assets 
invested in equity fluids as a proportion of all mutual fund assets declined from 30.4 per 
cent, to 21.8 per cenL, during a time of rising interest rates, in the five years between 
31st December, 1980 and 3lst December. 1985. However; total assets invested m equity 
funds over this period increased from $41 billion to $105 billion. 

In the United States, mutual funds may be sold either with or without an initial sales 
charge. In the former case, a charge of up to 8J percent, of the offer price is paid by the 
investor and is generally shared between the principal distributor of the fund and the 
broker-dealer through whom tbe sale was effected. This method is used for the Templeton 
Mutual Funds. In the latter case, no charge is payable at the time of investment but, in 
some instances, acharge is imposed at the timeofredemptionoran annual charge is made 
against tbe fund's assets. There are indications that this latter method of distribution is 
becoming more popular. In addition, certain mutual fund distributors are expanding the 
use of bank networks to sell shares of their funds. 


One of the reasons for the increase in funds under management in the United States has 
been the development of the individual retirement account (“Retirement Account"). 
With effect from January. 1982, any person with earned income in the United States 
under the age of 70 may set up a Retirement Account. This type of plan enables such 
persons to deduct from their taxable income payments made to their own retirement 
pension schemes. Tbe maximum available annual deduction is currently $2,000. Income 
earned on funds contributed to a Retirement Account accumulates tax free until 

Currently, most Retirement Account money is invested, with banks and savings and 
loan institutions; only about 15 per cenL is invested in mutual funds; representing 
approximately 6 per cent of total amounts invested in mutual funds but 20 per cent by 
number of all mutual fund accounts. Consequently, there is considerable scope for growth 
in this market and the Investment Company Institute, a trade association of mutual 
funds and associated investment managers, has estimated that total sums invested in 
Retirement Accounts will double to over $400 biBion by 1989. 



The Templeton Group derives its income principally from investment management 
fees, mutual fund sales charges and shareholder servicing and administration fees. The 
following table shows funds under management as at 3 1 si December in each of the years 
1980 to 1984 and at 30th September; 1985, being the date to which tbe latest audited 
accounts have been prepared. The table also shows a breakdown of tbe Templeton 
Group's total income and profits from tbe two principal activities during the periods 

In recent years, the companies now comprising the Tempteion Group have bad the 
benefit of investment income and gains arising from surplus funds held on deposit or in 
investments. Dividends have been declared for the year ended 31st December, 1985 
which have reduced the net assets of the Templeton Group to approximately S5 million 
as at that date. For the purposes of comparison, the table exdudes investment income 
and gains, other than those attributable to SFft and Securities Fund Trust Company, 
where regulations require the maintenance of a minimum level of net assets. 


—At 31 si December 

1981 1982 1983 

At 30th 


1984 1985 

S million 5 million 5 million S million $ million S million 

Funds under management 
Mutual funds 













1.163 1,549 2.099 3.434 . 4J4I 6.000 

-Kars ended 31st December- 

9 months 
ended 30th 

Total income 
Investment management 

Mutual funds 

Distribution charges 
and other fees 

Operating profits 
Management fees 
Distribution charges 
and other fees. 
































39.958 _ 


51.326 s 



• 2,898 




13.6 32 














Profit before taxation, 
exduding investment 
income and gains (as 
above) and 
exceptional items 






9.197 16.088 

720 2.631 

20,684 22,055 

4.048 A548 

Profit after taxation, 
excluding investment 
income arid gains (as 
above) and 
exceptional items 

4,414’ 6.017 8,477 13,457 16.636 ■ 1 7307 

Templeton Mutual Funds 


The Mowing table illustrates the growth in percentage terms in unit valuer .assuming 
reinvestment of dividends and capital gains distributions, of. each qfahe Templeton 
Mutual Funds. from. the. date,nf ire inrvtirtiftiyto' 3 Irf.TVwymW. 

T.u4>* ce * 

comparative figm« fc, d* Mor^ U) Capita! ^ “ 

adjusted for dividend yield; since . Since Si#* ***■ , -&**■?*+*!* 

' . -Hxh Hih id * l " : •« * 

■ ■ " la T& m “«* ■*“& 

Fund — — - , ■ 

percent, percent. 
7,301 2S!i 

percent- percent- 
802 104.4 

1 10.3 I M3 

146.1 12X9 








5 tmfbnn 

\ H8 

~ 356 


Wbrid • 

Global II 

Morgan Stanley Capital inn s I (8.6 

Internatitml World Index 238.7 100.8 HS.6 

The Morgan Stanley Capital International piiactpafMkt Of *orkb*ide 

stock market perforrrmce based on approximately 1.200 cmnnm stocks. 

Total sums invested in the Tempteion Mutual Funds ^”**5*“! 

to 4.3 percent of total sums invested m all ^ 

over tireperiod from 31st December; I980w31« December: 1985. 

With the exception of 1985, Templeton Growth Fund has a ppeared in each las 
12 wars in^Hbnor Roll of Forbes magazine of the best P^w^tt mutual funds; « 
is tbeonly mutual fund to have done so. The Roll measures fond perfomraaccqycr the 
three preceding market cydes in ordertogivean indication of constancy ofperfiMraawe 
in varying market conditions. Furthermore, according^ Johnson s Charts, a satnucal 
rating agenev for mutual funds, at 31st December. 1984. Templeton Growth Fund was 
ranked 39th, 6th and 1 st respectively m terms ofgrowth over *epfev«asl(Xl5ttd 20 

yeara These positions are out of totals of 1 56, 128 and 69 funds respectively. . 

The Templeton Mutual Funds, which invest primarily in common stocks, operate within 
various restrictions on their investment policies, some of which are imposed by stanue 
and others of which are accepted as conditions of the registration of their shares wub the 
appropriate authorities. These restrictions include, for example, maxim um levels of 
investment in any one industry or any one class of stock of a company and certain 
restrictions on illiquid investments. 

Shares in the funds, which are qualified for safe m every Stare of the Untied Sates, are 
sold at the offer price which is calculated by reference to the net asset value per share. 
The offer price, which is computed daily, includes a sales charge of between £15 per cent, 
and 8J percent of the offer price. Reduced saleschargesare made forquaotiiy purchases 
and certain employee benefit plans. Shares may be parefaased through a broker, which 
reiainsapproximately fbur-fifihscf the saleschaigt or direct from SF!. 4t3la December 
1985, individual shareholder accounts comprised over 97.8 per eon. of aB Tfempletod 
Mutual Fund accounts, representing approximately 85.4 per cenL in value of all shares 
in issue. 

Redemption of shares in any of the funds may be made upon .receipt by SFI of a 
redemption request either direct from the shareholder or frost a broker-dealer on tbe 
shareholder's behalf. The redemption price is the net asset value per share aad payment 
must be made within seven days of receipi of a request inproper form. Stages, may be 
exchanged between World. Foreign and Growth Funds without a sates charge .• • _ 
Dividends and capital gains distributions payable a> shareholders in the foods, otter 
than those in respect of shares registered in the name ofa broker-dealer, areafl reinvested 
automatically in shares of the fluid making (he distribution unless a shareholder directs 
otherwise. Dividend and capital gains distributions po shares regi s t er ed in the same of 
a broker-dealer are paid in cash. Dividends and distributions patd mosbdunng 1^85 
represented approximately 6.S per cent of die total income and capital gains of the 
funds. . 1 

The following chart is an illustration of an assumed investment of S 10.000 in Tempteion 
Growth Fund at the dale of its inception and its growth measured against the increase 
in the cost of living in the United States between 29th November; 1954 and 31st 
December: 1985. 



smooo I— 

SI 60000 






V unn *d«i 1955 I960 J965 1970 1975 1980 1985 

trnial asset wine isihe amount received by Tempteion Gro*ih Fund aSer deducing the maximum sates 
charge (f8.5perceru. The cost tf bring as set out in the chan represents the annual change in the United Suaes 
Consumer Price Index, applied to an burial value in Swember, 1954 of 510,000- The Consumer Pace Index is 
prepared by the Lotted States Bureau of Labor Statistics based an pretailing economic factors. 


Two companies in the Templeton Group provide investment advisory services to the 
Templeton Mutual Funds. The Company advises the United States incorporated funds, 
namely Templeton World Fund, Templeton Global I, Tempteion Global II and 
Templeton Foreign Fund. A subsidiary Templeton Investment Counsel Umited- 
CTTCL'\advise$TernpleiOD Growth Fund which is incorporated in Canada. Subsequent 
to the incorporation of Templeton Growth Fund, legislative changes in Canada and the 
U mied States rendered it more advantageous to United Stales investors for the remaining 

mutual funds to be incorporated in the United Slates. 

Each adviser famishes the funds with investment research, advice and supervision arid 

an in vestment programme which complies with anyrestrictions applicable to iberetevant 

fund. A certain amount of research and information is provided to the investment 
advisers by TTCL 

The investment advisers do not provide trading desk or daily oririne facilities. These 
facilmesare p° min ’ on Securities Pitfield Limited ^Toronto, which is an 

4 n “ n - n £ lfid *e Templeton Group. The custodian of 

tbe assets of each of the funds is The Chase Manhattan Bank. N. A. 

Templeum Growl. Fond. Templeton Wnld Fund and Templeton Foreign Fund ead. 

Templeton Global I and Templeton Global II each pays its investment adviser a fee. 
calculated monthly and paid quarterly, equivalent to 0J per cent ^iB^v^BeSih- 

12 month period. The maximal .J5K2SE Sfiof 
maximum annual fee of0.8 per cent is due if die Percent-™ - 

cent, or more and ihe wSSS 

underperforms the index by 12 per cenL or more. ce° L « due rf the fond 

Each of foe investment advisory contracts with the w . I r ' - 

continue in effect only so loogls it is annually Funds niay • 

direaors of the fond or approved by a vote of the 

event. JS appro ved by the v«c of a majority of tte ^ ^ a **£ ’ 

to tire contract nor affiliates of any ^nbff of tte 

such contract may be terminated without peSal^bvIhSd ^ 

automatically terminated in the event of totshamnt 60 **“** noIlce *** B 

would be considered to be assigned tte a 
would cause a direct or indireachaogebi control °- r evenl 

the Offer for Safe is not such ' 

presumed to occur upon a future sale, 0 rp ana S™*m wouki be 

securities representing 25 percenLormoreftrihL^^?-? ^ 9 OT ? FBny '* outstanding 

securities representing 25 per cenL or moro of Se ** W"** outstanding 

shareholder. If. a contract termin^Sd the death ofacotrooflmg 

consideration 00 r other benefits accntirw toSeCn™!” aSSl8nratn I l r . 001 involving . 
the adviser may continue to servetteffi fStSPSRX* “"^^8 'shareholder, 

assignment not 

the adviser may condnuTio^ °f a rontiolEng shareholderT 

board of directors, including a majority of th<S di^?^ y \ Pr ° VIcted *** 

contr^nor affiliates of anymember ofihe who ** n . ot Partiesid ifci 

which does not increase the ramDeivsaDn^Sr u _ 

Contmampn beyond ihe 1 20dav Derioctts 



MY l 


^rv' '-t " ’■■■ : ■« i x 



!?•! c 




. r a-. r 

• * 1 - . 

7 .. 

tjppjJ) D» li-SLO 




AssodalLn^oTS?^- 85 l^^er-dealer fee SEC and is a member of ihe National 

SESftif J S? 6 *? Jnc ‘ (lhe mH * a l •* *>«"* « fee Tbmptaon 
btoker-dealere. afthnulf rf * De, ? rmed primarily through 9 network of some 1,700 
percent. ^ ^ un "8^e year ended 31st December. 198S. approximately 5.4 

££2d5 A “ te chsH * * ««POied « » nrie ofbetween 0-5 per 

re-allowed to riL bul “PProximately four-fifths of this charge is 

I9S5 SFI reaiW^ ep ^ ea JS 8 Xhe shares ‘ For lhe year mfcd 3lsl Dctxrober. 
™’* N retained approximately S 1 0 million in sales charges: 

Growth* F^ a f-hS? miStr ? 10r ^ aI1 lhe ^Pfcton Mutual Funds acept Templeton 
thiscanacitv sft ,ls O'™ accounts and administration from Toronto. In 

their r ■ prov ! d f s spact «l“ipnxcm and supplies forthe funds, maintains 
™ rt TF^l,' aiSC5 ^ and prepares their annua! and semi-annual 

'iwmm«q«A r ^ SCTV!Ces> SFl-receives an annual fee. payable quarter! v. based on a 

C™ ^ CEaie d * i|y m **** of Tcm P»«on Wbdd Fund and 

S?“ Foki & Fund and also such net assets of Templeton Global I and Templeton 
uiotai 11. m each case determined in accordance with the following sole: 

□ 0.1 5 per cent of the first $200 million. 

□ ft 135 percent of the next S500 million. 

□ 0.10 per cent, of the next $500 million. 

□ 0.075 per cent of the excess over $ 1.200 million. 

For the year ended 31st December. 1985. fees received for these services amounted to 
approximately $3 million. 

SFT also acts as transfer agent and shareholder servicing agent maintaining shareholder 
^count records for the United States mutual funds. An independent Canadian companv 
If the ff ansferan <i shareholder servicing agent for Templeton Growth 
Fund in Canada but sub-contracts the work to SFI for all other countries except certain 
parts of Europe. For providing these services. SFI currently charges an annual fee of 
J8.I3. adjusted annually for the cost of living, for each of the approximately 400.000 
shareholder accounts. 

It is proposed that SFTC will assume the functions of Securities Fund Trust Company 
and act as custodian or trustee with respect to Retirement Accounts and retirement 
plans offered to employees of corporations, certain tax-exempt organizations and 
self-employed individuals. There art approximately 140,000 Retirement Accounts and 
other tax deferred retirement accounts held by Templeton Mutual Fund shareholders. 
Ad annual, charge is made of $10 per account. 

For the year ended 31st December; 1985, income received for these services amounted 
to approximately $4.4 million. 

Funds in a Retirement Account may be distributed to holders by means of an annuity. 
For this purpose. SFI has formed SFA, a Florida insurance company. It is envisaged that 
SEA will commence offering such annuities during 1 986. 

SFI is subject to periodic examination by the SEC and the NASD. Under the SEC"s rules, 
the ratio of SFI’s total indebtedness to its net capital as defined by those rules may not 
exceed 15 to-l. Each of SFFs underwriting contracts with the Templeton Mutual Funds 
may continue in effect only so long as it is annually reviewed and approved by the board 
of director's of the fund and by the vote ofa majority of 1 he fund's directors who are not 
parties to the contract nor affiliates of any member of the Templeton Group. In addition, 
each such contract may be terminated in the same manner as the Templeton Group's 
investment advisory contracts with the Templeton Mutual Funds. In ..the event of 
termination by reason ofachange of control or management of SFI, the board ofdirectors 
of each of the Templeton Mutual Funds, including a majority of those directors who are 
not parties to (he contract nor affiliates of any member of the Templeton Group, would 
be expected to meet promptly to consider the re-appointment of SFI on the same terms 
and conditions. 

Other assets under management 

Of the remaining funds managed by the Templeton Group, the majority are managed by 
TICI in Fort Lauderdale. As at 3lst December; 1985, TICI had $1,642 million under 
management in 54 accounts. TICI has fiiO discretion over the investment of these funds. 
Incomeaiidcapital^insariringfrom investments held on behalf of clients are reinvested 
or digribuiedfn , agrtxj^tgnqe with diems’ instructions. A report is made to each diem at’ 
least once a quarto: " 

TICI generally charges annual investment management fees at the rate of 0.75 per cent 
on the firstS 1 0 million of fimds under management, 0.5 per cent, on the next $20 million 
and 0.35 per cent, on any additional funds- Contractscan typically be terminated without 
compensation on 30 days’ notice at the did of any quarter by either party. 

The other -feuds are. managed by: the Company and two of its subsidiaries, John 
Tempferon CounseDoncTnc JTCT) and TICL, operating from the Bahamas. As at 
31st December, 1985, these funds totalled $748 million. This figure includes funds in 
relation to which the Templeton Group acts as sub-adviser which, at the same date, 
amounted to S327 million. The basis of a subadvisory contract is that the- sub-adviser 
recommends, and in some instances selects, investments for inclusion in a portfolio 
managed by the principal adviser: One of the funds sub-advised is Templeton Canadian 
Fund whose principal adviser is Templeton Management Limited, a Canadian company 
beneficially owned as to 10 per cent of its shares by John Templeton Jr, 1 5 per cent, of 
its shares by other of John Templeton's children and the balance by Canadian residents. 
Templeton Management Limited also acts as exclusive dealer for sates of shares of 
Templeton Growth Fund in Canada. 

The Bahamas-based companies generally charge investment management fees varying 
between 0.5 per cent and 0J5 per cent, per annum of the assets under management 
Cunently most of the assets under management are charged at the lows* of these two 

All the above contracts wiD terminate in the event ofa change in control of the investment 
adviser or sub-adviser. Substantially all of these contracts may continue provided the 
client consents 10 such change in control. 

TICI has recently formed Templeton Investment Management Limited (“TIML") j n the 
UX for the purpose of providing investment management services to UX and other 
non-U-S. clients and research to other Templeton Group members. TICI owns 75 per 
cent, of the ordinary share capital of TIML. the remainder being owned by Mr. R. G. R 
Cajss, th e managing director of that company and members of his family 


R esear ch data is gathered by the Templeton Group from world-wide sources and is 
analysed by the Templeton Group's, staff in the Bahamas, Fort Lauderdale and London. 
Securities which appear under-valued are identified and further research is applied to 
ascertain the potential for revaluation. This results in the preparation of proprietary data 
bases which currently comprise approximately 500 securities. Following the application 
of the Templeton Group's analytical techniques and investment criteria, lists of stocks 
to be bought and sold are prepared in the Bahamas. John Templeton reviews changes to 
the buy and sell fists. 

The research is co-ordinated by a team of chartered financial analysts, each of whom has 
been assigned specific geographical and company research responsibilities. There are 
cmrcotiysome 50 primary sources of research material actively used by the staff Most 
are research departments of brokers or investment banking bouses located throughout 
the world. In addition, the Templeton Group subscribes to a range of securities research 
sources including on-line data banksand published material. . . . - . 

An investment' idea might arise from the Templeton Group's own. analysis or from a 
recommendation from an outside source. Incnasmgfc town mwtraent ideas are 
arising out of computer screening techniques. A screening is a ranking or selecuou of 
stocks according to search criteria such as earnings growth rate, sales growth, return 
oTcapital employed and dividend yield. Firms providing research materri may be 
™ act, or. more generally, by comnusstori .orders bang awarded to than 

n^omiSS^Sage Lie. subject in aH cases to tm dealing paces teing ■ 
tori! Commissions are negotiated for each transaction whenever possible. 

ired as investment advisers with the SEC and are subject to vanotts Untiri 
Heral and State regulations. These laws and regulations, wind, are primarily 
lotawfit those to whom the companies render investment advisory services. 

s if they feif m comply with such laws and Relations. 


H-i/rg are the directors of the Company: 

in 1940 John Templeton 

Vhbrow and Vance Inc. ™ inveswimcounsellmg company. and in 1954 
Growth Fund. For45 yearn he has been the President of companies 
services to major investors including lane riy the 

JhitiSl Funds. He is aOmtered financial Analyst. 

- ^drferable orivate business, charitable and religious interests. He 
r°fhSeSt^uSS Programme of Prizes for Progress in Religion 
w T pSfct Trust at Sl Georges House, Windsor. He is a member of the 
^mSffieroPleion College: Oxford ^ a trustee of the Endowment 
the board 6f directors ofeachoftheTfenoptewn. 

Fund at BalKof College-, 

Mutual Funds and is a * 

John Galbraith, Vice-Chairman, 64. Having qualified as a Certified Public Accountant, 
he joined Ufiddet! & Reed in 1958 where, asa Senior Vice President, he was responsible 
for the formation and operation of mutual fends. In 1970 he joined Lexington 
Management Group where be became President and Director responsible for - the 
distribution and operation oT Lexington Mutual Funds. He became associated with the 
Templeton group of companies in 1974 when he became President of the distribution 
company for Templeton Growth Fund. He is responsible for all aspects of mutual fund 
marketing and shareholder servicing. He is a member of the board of directors and 
treasurer of each of the Templeton Mutual Funds, except Templeton Growth Fund. 
Thomas Hansbergec. President and Finance Director. 51 He became President of TICI 
sn 1979. having been a portfolio manager and general partner of Stein Roe &. Farnham. 
an investment firm based in Chicago. He is responsible for the overall operation of the 
Templeton Group, including the provision of financial analysis and the investment 
management activities of TICI. He is a Chartered Financial .Analyst and is President of 
Templeton Growth Fund and Executive Vice President of each of the remaining 
Templeton Mutual Funds. 

Mark Hotowesko, executive director and Vice President, 25. After leaving Ro> West Trust 
Corporation m the Bahamas where he was an investment administrator, he joined the 
Company in 1 985 as a research officer and security analyst. 

Henry Montgomerie, non-executive, 60. After an early career in investment banking in 
Canada with Nesbitt Thomson, he joined Lyford Cay Development Company in I960 
and retired, as Vice President, in 19S0. 

Lori Pritchard, noo-exeentire. 75. is a director of a number of public and private 
companies including Rothmans International. He has recently retired from the boards 
of directors of Midland Bank and Samuel Montagu and is also a past director and 
Chairman of Allied Breweries. 

Archibald RttsseL nou-exeentive, 67. Until 1981 he was President. Chairman and Chief 
Executive Officer of Hugh Russel Inc., a Canadian steel and machinery distribution 
company, and was a director of Templeton Growth Fund between 1 970 and 1983. 
Marcus Starch. non-exeentn-e, 43. is President of AGA AB. where he bas been a board 
member since 1 979. He is also Chairman of Tresor and Uddeholm and a board member 
of a number of companies including Esselte and Sven ska Handdsbanken. Stockholm 
City Region. 

John Templeton Jr„ non-executive. 45. the eldest son of John Templeton, is a paediatric 
surgeon. He is Chairman ofTempIeton Growth. World and Foreign Fundsand President 
of Templeton Global I and Templeton Global II. He is also President of the Templeton 


As at 31st December. 1985. the Templeton Group employed a total of 203 staff the 
majority of whom are employed in St. Petersburg. The remainder are employed in the 
Bahamas. Fort Lauderdale and Loudon. 

Staff can be categorised according to activity as follows; — 

Investment research and management 2 1 

Marketing and client relations 23 

Financial and planning 23 

Administration and customer servicing 136 

The Company has adopted an Incentive Stock Option Plan for the benefit of Templeton 
Group employees, details of which are set out in paragraph 7 of “General Information" 

TIO and SFI maintain profit-sharing plans for their employees, details of w hich are set 
out in paragraph 8 of “General Information" below. 

Operating facilities 

The Templeton Group has centres in the Bahamas. Sl Petersburg. Fort Lauderdale and 
London and operaies from the following premises: 

□ In the Bahamas, approximately 2.000 square feet at Lyford Cay. Nassau. 

The Company occupies these premises pursuant to agreements dated 1st 
October. 1985 and 1st January. 1986 with First Trust Bank Limited, a 
company owned by John Templeton, for a period to 30th September. 1986 
to continue thereafter unless terminated by 30 days' written notice given by 
either party. Under these agreements, the Company pays monthly fees oif 
Bahamian $1,000 for the use of the premises and Bahamian $9,000 for 

■ office facilities, together with a proportionate share of the salaries of five 
employees. These premises are leased to First Trust Bank Limited under a 
lease dated 6th July 1984 for a term of five years from 1st May. i 984. First 
Trust Bank Limited has an option to renew the lease for a further period of 
seven years. The annual rent payable is Bahamian S 18.000 plus a service 
charge of approximately Bahamian $2,000. 

□ In Sl Petersburg, approximately 40.000 square feet at 405 Central 
' Aveuue^abufidingownedbySFI. Of this space, approximately 29.000 square 

feet is occupied by SFI with the remainder being let to tenants on various 
- ’ leases the longest of which expires on 1st December. 1995. The annual rental 

■ income receivable by SFI from these tenants is currently $92,470. This 
building was given a market value of $4,000,000 by Vernon Shea & 
Associates. Inc (Certified Real Property Appraisers) on 20th November, 

. 1985. 

□ in Fort Lauderdale, approximately 6.000square feet at I Financial Plaza 
under leases dated 2nd March, 1981 and I9ih June 1981. terminating on 
30th June 1986 at a current annual rental of $126,000. Ii is intended that 
TICI should move to alternative accommodation during 1986 comprising 
approximately 18.600 square feet at Broward Financial Center. 500 Broward 
Boulevard, under a lease dated 27ih November. 1 985 for a period of 1 0 years. 
TheannuaJ rental is$446.1 12 inclusive ofan adjustable service charge with 
effect from six months after occupation, increasing by 3 percenL per annum 

O In London, TIM L occupies approxi ma tdy 900 square feet at City Tower. 
Basinghall Street London EC2, under an agreement for lease dated llih 
November. 1985. providing for the grant of a kase for a terra expiring on 
24th December, 1 989 at an annual rent of £31.552 plus service charge.^ 


Profits estimate 

The Directors estimate that the profits after tax of the companies which now comprise 
the Templeton. Group, for the year ended 31st December, 1985. will amount 10 $23.9 
million. This estimate excludes investment income and gains (other than those 
attributable to SKA and Securities Fund Trust Company) and exceptional items, less tax 
thereon estimated at $5.8 million; it is based upon the audited results of these companies 
to 30ih September. 1985 and the management accounts to 31st December. 19S5. 

Letters from Robson Rhodes and Cazenove & Co., issued in connection with this 
estimate, are set out in paragraph 5 of "General Information" below; 


The Company’s financial year is the calendar year. Dividends have been declared and 
paid in respect of the year ended 3 1 si December. 1 985 by the companies now comprising 
the Templeton Group, leaving the net assets of the Templeton Group at approximately 
$5 million at that dat& * 

It is the intention of the Directors to pay dividends for the 1986 financial > ear amounting 
to not less than 40 per cent of profits after tax. On this basis, dividends would have 
totalled 5.97 cents per share for the 1985 financial year based upon profits after tax of 
$23.9 million for that year, as shown in “Profits estimate" above, and would have left 
retained profits for future investment of514.3 million. 

It is the. Directors’ current intention to pay an interim dividend in October of each year 
and a final dividend in the following May. The first dividend payment will be in October. 
1986 which will be the interim dividend for the year to 31st December. 1986. All 
' dividends will be paid in U.5. dollars and. under current applicable laws, w ill be declared 
and paid without deduction of lax. Dividends paid to U.K. resident shareholders through 
a U.K. paying agent or collected through a U.K. lank will be paid after deduction of 
U.K. basic rate income tax by the U.K. paying agent or bank. 


The Directors have confidence in the long-term growth prospects of the Templeton 
Group and believe that the following factors are among those likely 10 influence the 
future expansion of the business of the Templeton Group: 

□ The growth in assets of the mutual funds managed is likely 10 be assisted 
by the reinvestment ofannual dividends and other distributions in additional 
shares. Currently over 90 per cent, of the approximately 400.000 shareholder 
accounts in the funds are reinvested in this wav: 

□ New investment m the Templeton Mutual Funds has historically 
exceeded redemptions by a factor of approximately two times and curremiy 
sales ofTempIeton Mutual Funds are at record levels. 

□ The Templeton Group is continually seeking to expand the range of 
services it can offer to its customers and also to acquire, at favourable prices. 

. other investment management organisations. 

.U The Qumber of individuals investing in Retirement Accounts managed 
by the Templeton Group is increasing each month. Currently, there are more 
than 100,000 Retirement Accounts invested in Templeton Mutual Funds. 

An individual may invest up to a maximum of 52000 per annum in a 
Retirement AccounL 

□ The Templeton Group intends to make a significant marketing effort to 
extend its client base to other pans of the world. 

The future prospects of the Templeton Group will be influenced by the rate of growth in 
fends under management and by the strength of markets around the world generally. 
There are. however, certain additional factors which are likely to work in the Templeton 
Group's favour in the future, the most important of which is the growth in total United 
Stales pension fend assets and in particular, the amount of those assets which are 
■ Seely to be invested outside the iJnxied Slates. The location of the headquarters of the 
Templeton Group outside the United States, together with its breadth of experience of 
investing in markets on a world-wide basis, places the Templeton Group in a strong 
position toJtenefit from these pends, ‘j; . . 


The Directors. 

Templeton. Galbraith & HansbetgerLtd. 


186 City Road 
London EC1V2KU 

12th February; 1986 

Messrs. Cazenove & Co. 


Templeton. Galbranh & Haiwbergrr Lid. nhe Company - ! wav incorporated under the nunc Templeton 
Imeumem Counsel Limned in ibeCayman islands on 2Glli November. 1981. 

On wlJamarv. («&>. pumannoa PbaofReoqarH»ion>- 

lal m consideration for the issue of shares in the Company, the (oUo*in{ companies became »t»It>-o«ned 

wbudarm of ibe Company - — 

Templeton Imeumem Counsel. Inc. ("TICI"). inwporoted in Honda. U-S.*.: 

Securities Fund Imcaon. Inc rSFTI. incorporated m Ronds. USA.: 

Templeton Investment Counsel Limned rTICL’L incorporated in tlx United Kingdom and 
John Templeton Counseikxv. Inc. <"JTCl"| incorporated in Panama: 
fb) the Company acquired die whole of iheundenaLmg and assets of Templeton Investment Adv ism Limited 

rTUL'i. incorporated in the Cayman islands, m consideration for the issue of shares in lhe Company 
and the assumption of TIAL’s liabilities: 

(rt SFI purchased 21 per cent, of the issued share capital, being alt the share capital not already owned by SFI 
of Sccwi lies Fund Annuities. Inc. (“SFA"). rocorporaifd in Honda. U-S^A . and 2i per ccm. oT toe issued 
share capital. h*jn$aJI the share ap/ial nor already untied fat SFI. of Saurian Fund Trait Company of 
Florida rSFIfl i or a cash coo « deration equivalent to net asset value at 3rd January. 1980. The income 
of Securities Fund Trust Company, incorporated in Tcras. U-S.A.. has m elten been assumed by toe 
Templeton Group: and 

Id) HI percenL of toe issued share capital m SFI was redeemed and cancdlcd m consideranon tor the issue 
of i 0 per cenL subordinated non- negotiable notes with an aggregate free value of J8.000.000. 

SR owns the whole of toe issued share capital of SFA and SFTC: TKT owns per ceni. of the issued share capnal 
ofTcmpinon Investment Management Limned, incorporated in the United Kingdom [held since formation on 
3rd April. 19851. 

Wc have examined the financial statememsofiheatwve named companies (loeetlicr referred to as “tor Templeton 
Group") for the periods relevant to tors report All financial siaicmcms have been audited in accordance »uh 
generally accepted auditing procedures and have been reported on without qualification apart from toe financial 
statements of TICI tor periods up to 31st December. 1983. The results and assets of TICI durmg that period er 
not material in toe context of toe Templeton Group. The financial statements for the nine months ended 3tfrh 
September. 1985 tene been jvdiicd jtxail) by ourselves and our aaacaied firm mihc United Swa of Amenta. 
McGladrey Hendncison J, Pullen. Certified Public Accountants. McGladrcy Hendrickson Sc Pullen have audited 
toe financial statements of SR (or all previous periods The financial statements of the C ompaity. TICL JTCI 
and TlAL for all periods to 31st Decemb er . 1984 and TICI for toe year ended 31st December. 1984 have been 
audited by other firms. 

The financial rn formation set out in this report has been prepared on a pro forma basts as if ibe Company and 
the Templeton Group, as constituted under the Plan of Reorganisation, had been so commuted throughout the 
period under review. The finaimjl information has been compiled from toe financial statements referred to above 
and is after making such adjustments as we consider appropriate. 

In our opinion the financial information set out below gives for the purposes of the Oder for Sale a true and lair 
view- of toe state of attain of toe Templeton Group at 21st December. [980. t9sl. I9KL 1982. 1984 and 30to 
September. 1985 and of the results and source and application of Funds of toe Templeton Group for cadi of the 
penods ended on these dates 

Apart from ibe audited financial statements of the Company for the year ended 31st Decrmber. 1985. which are 
summarised in Notr J 5 to ihr financial statements Mow. no audited financial suirmertts have been nude up for 
any ortoeram-nnies now comprising toe Tempteion Group since those at 30th September. I98S. 


Bask of Accounting 

The financial statements are prepared under toe historical cost accounting convention, on the basis of toe 
accounting policies set out below- which accord with accounting standards published by the International 
Accounting Standards Commuter. They are stated in U.5. dollars. 

Rales of Exchange 

Foreign currencies are translated into dollars on the following basis'— . 

For assets and tobdutes: at the dosing rate on the balance sheet date: 

For profit and loss account items: at the average raw for toe accounting period. 

Exchange differences arising from such translation are recorded as a resen t All other exchange differences are 
recorded as ordinary trading items and included in the profit and fovs account. 


Turnover represents the amount receivable for the period in respect of fees for advisory- and management sera ices 
rendered and commissions and revenue derived from the sale and servicing of mutual fund shares. Turnover n 
staled gross before the reallowance of any commissions. 

Distribution Costs 

These comprise dmn costs retired to safes of mutual fund shares and include commissions, and toe expenses of 
sales and promotional maienaL 

Administrative Expenses 

These comprise all other expenses including ail salaries and operating expenses. 


Depreoauon of tangible fixed assets is provided on a basis calculated to twite-off the cost by equal annual amounts 
over ihe estimated useful lives of toe assets, as follows:— 

Office Building and Improvements JO years 

Office Equipment 54 0 yeans 

Transportation Equipment -A- 5 years 

The cost of toe office building site is not deprecated. 

Deferred Taxation 

Deferred taxation is provided, using ibe lability method, for all timing differences which may give rise to a 
liability in the foreseeable future. Timing differences arise where items of income or expenditure ofa revenue or 
capital nature are dealt whb for taxation purposes in a different period than that in which they ait credited or 
charged in toe accounts. 


Investments held as current assets are included in toe accounts at the lower of cost and net realisable value, except 
for those srrunim held by SR which are earned at marhet value in accordance with specialised accounting 
principles required of broker/dealers in ihc United Stales. The market value ai the balance sheet datr is given by 
way of a note to the accounts. Gams or losses on current asset investments are included in toe profit and loss 
account under other operating income. 

Profit Sharing Plans for Employees 

The Templeton Group operates profit sharing plans coveting lhe masonry of ns permanent employees. The 
amounts paid into these plans, which are for the benefit of providing retirement arrangements for toe employees, 
are at the discretion of the directors The amounts so paid are charged annually. 


Yean ended J la December- 

Sme moan 
ended Ml 








Distribution costs 
Administrative expenses 

























Operating profit 







21019 1 

Other operating income 








Inienest payable 








Exceptional item 








Profit on ordinary activities 


Wore taxation 





2A06 6 




1 1.21 7) 


1 3.246) 

I4.-L -1 


Profit on ordinary activities 

after taxation 







Minority interest 







Profit far the year 













Earnings per Ordinary Share 








Movement cm reserves 







Reserves brought forward 







Profit for ibe year 















Redemption of shares in 

subsidian comp3ntes 







Sundry adjustments 







Reserves carried forward 







.41 Ml. 

.1/ ilst December 

Srvumb \ 













5 .001 

Fried assets 

Tangible assets 








Carrem assets 






8.1 55 










Cash ai bank and m hand 














Amounts felling due wiihin 

one year 








Set current assets 







Tool assets lets 

chttwi labilities 








Amounts foiling due after 

more than one year 

l rib) 







PrnvhiDBS fig liabilities 

and charges 








Net assets 

Sl 248 






Capital ad reserves 

Called up share capita! 








Additional paid up Capital 














Shareholders* finds 


9.602 _ 

13.153 _ 


27.527 ~5.00j 


•n ~ 


GO rc 

3 tVii; 
s CoL 

led a 
- bul 
70. a 

30! to 

■ the 

311! is 

1 Qr. 
n of 



i del 



» had 




■» r-* a >crd Sta B-RCft til 




INTERNffllONAL s *’ fi 

B c tro wi ngsa Shh September: l*»S5 

Bank Loots 

10 per cent. 

In one year or less or on demand 
Between 1 and 1 years 
Between 2 and 5 wars 
In 5 yean or more 











■ Jivin null'd Sly Decembn- 

IWi ivs: m J 


ended SOth 




Source of funds 







ProTtl on ordinary aciiv itics 

before utsation 








Adjustment for item not 

involving the moutnaii of 


. ftmds: Deprccawm 







Included in Bank Loan ai 30th September. 19$5 
are borrow mgs ofSl 1 50.000 from First Tnist Bank 
Limited, a company owned by Me John 
Templeton, which have a nee been repaid. Interest 
was charged dt annual rates between 9land 12 per- 


— At 31a December - — — 

mi mj ims 

A i Sikh 


i<M I98S 

SJMO 5.000 



S.flOO . SJMO 




























































from operations 

Funds from orhw soanxs 
Receipt of loans 
Additional stare capital in 



8.126 10527 1&039 









1 1.049 

Total source of foods 

Application of fund* 
Purchase of fixed assets 
Repayment of loans and 
redemption of shares m 
subsidiary companies 
Taxation paid 
Dividends paid 





























12 PnmsfoosforLiaMnties 
ud Charges 

Deferred lava lion: 

Provided in respect of short-term 
timing differences including the 
effect of the excess of (ai 
allowances over depreciation 

Al 30th September. 1985. there was a 
potential Liability to U.S. taxation 
of 5274.000 ir all the distributable 
reserves in I he United States 
subsidiary companies were 
distributed to (he Company. 

Minority interest 




















3J84 1 2409 4.7J9 

Increase/! decrease) in 
work fog capital 




12 . 2 m 







< 1.451) 


■ Kttrt ended 31a December- 
1981 1983 1983 

Sine monks 
coded 30th 
1984 1985 

(2S92) 6.504 


127 2628 


Net movement in liquid finds 

liKrejse't decrease): 

Cash at bank 
Short-term deposits 

13. Some of proSund location 
of assets 

5.(«0 5.000 S.000 S.000 S.000 S.000 

Source of profit on ordinary activities 





1 1.153) 








before taxation: 





















7.874 10J26 17.790 22424 28.066 


■ Year, nuk'd Jlst Dnembcr' 

Sine mvmhs 
ended 30th 











sl m 


J. OperaliBR Profit 

Operating profit is stated after charging: 


Directors' remuneration 







Auditors' remuneration 







Depreciation of tangible fivedassets 







Directors' remuneration has been stated as 
if the service contracts entered into on 3nJ 
January, i486 were in force lor (he periods 
relevant to this report. 

2 Other Operating Income 
Other operating income comprises: 

Income from current asset ' 

Bank deposit and similar interest 

Gains on disposal of ajrreni asset 

Realised and unrealised gain (loss) 
on investments earned at value 






2 Interest Payable 
Interest on hank loans and overdrafts 
and other loans repayable wholly 
within five yean 


























4. Eveeptioral Item 

During 1 980 SR processed two redemptions which were subsequently found not to have been authorised by ihc 
rightful owners of the shares. SR made good the shareholders' loss at a cost ofS1086.0Cin. Subsequent recoveries 
received m 1481 and 1984 amounted to S745.rtX). Associated legal costs have been charged to this item. Since 
30th September. 1 485. a further recovery oi'SSd0.i)XI. less legal costs of 57S.UU). has been received. No fun her 
recoveries are anticipated 

5. Taxation 

The charge for taxation is based on the 
profit on ordinary acuvrues and 

. . U.S. Federal and other laves 
Deferred taxation 









• 7 



413 1^17 


3.246 4.423 


No taxation arises on profits earned in the Bahamas. 

6. Earnings Per Ordinary Share 

Earnings per Ordinary Share are calculated on the profit for the year and on 1 60.000.00} shares, being the total 
number of Ordinary ‘A - Shares and Ordinary (Limited Voting) Shares id issue at the date of the Offer for Sale. 

7. Dhkkuds 

Included under ihis head are all dividends and other payments made to or on behalf of the shareholders of the 
companies now comprising the Templeton Group other than amounts treated as directors* remuneration. Since 
30th Septemter, 1985. further dividends in respect of (he year ended 31st December. 1985 totalling S6.446.000 
have been declared by the companies now comprising the Tempteion Group. 

■ Ai 31 a Dit cmher 

Al 30ih 








• - - 








1 • 

8. Tangible Assets 

Land and buildings: 








1 K 








Net book value 



3. 9>4 




Office and transparuitan equipment: 
















Nn book v^ue 







Total net book value 







Included m cost of land and buildings is 
SI 80.678 of interest capitalised in 1981 and 
1982 for which deferred taxes have been 
provided ra respeci of (he timing differences. 

9. Debtors 
Trade debtors: 

In reject of mutual fund share 











It. 16 




Sundry debtors 

Interest bearing deposits with 













Prepayments and accrued income 








4394 _ 




31 3U 

Amounts included above (ailing due 
after more than one year 







JO. Investments 

Marketable securities ai tower of eon 

and market value 
Mutual funds ai market value 





Market value 

11. Creditors 

(aii .Amounts foiling due within one yean 
Bank loans 
Trade creditors. 

In respeci of mutual fund share 

.Accrued evpenscs and deferred 

1.016 2118 218! 


W5 2.156 


























16.50- 5.74ft 


6.736 6.014 30.929 

(bi Amounts foiling due after more than 

■ One year 

Bank loans 

Subordinated Don-negotiable nates 





5323 - 


•s Less current instalments due 

1048 3357 4.521 

(161 (IMS) ( 1.981 ) 







■ At 31a December- 




Al 30ih 


1984 ■ 1985 

Net assets held in: 

























14. CuBmtitraesa 

Ai 30th September. 1985. there was no capital expenditure contracted for but not provided in the accounts nor 
capital commitments authorised but not contracted for. 

The Tempteion Group owns ihe premises front which it operates in Sl Pnenbmg. Rorida and uses premises in 
the Bahamas leased to First Trust Bank Limited, a company owned by Me John Tempteion. 

At 30th September. 1985. the Templeton Group was comroined under a tease for office spaa in Fl Lauderdale: 
Florida, expiring 30tii June 1986 with remaining rentals of $61000. Subsequent to 30ib September, 1981 tire 
Tempteion Group entered into aa agreement to occupy different office space. In connection with this relocation, 
amortisation of leasehold improvemen ts agiegM ngW.O0QwiBlre accelerated overtire period From 1st October. 
1985io 1st February, i486. The terms outlined include future minimum rentals in the aggregate of S4.800.000 
and over the next five years as follows: 

Minimum rentals 
Contingent rentals 

Kurj ending 3 hr December- 


198 7 



















' 167 


~ 47? 

.487 - 


The proposed long- terra lease would commit the Templeton Group for ibe rental of office spaa for a ten-year 
penod from the umc the tease is entered imp with a five-year renewal term after the tenth and Gfieenih years. 

■ The minimum rental rate would escalate from the base rate by three percent, each year. 

Also, subsequent to 30ih September. 1985 the Templeton Group entered mio an agreement for tire grant of an 
office tease in London co renng a four year period at an annual rental of £31.552 plus service charge. 

15. lrtior mi riau rtktiag to tbc Company 
(a) Share capital 

From 20tii November. 1981 to 31si December. 1985 the authorised and issued sharrtapital of the Company was 

Common shares ofS I each 
Additional paid in capital 





On 3 1 si December. 1985. the authorised share capnal was increased by the creation of 40.000.000 Ordinary *A* 
Shares of 50.01 each and 160.000.000 Ordinary (Limited Vfotmg) Shares ofSO.O I each. The Ordinary *A* Shares 
and the Ordinal) (Limned Voting) Shares rank pan passu in all respects except that the Ordinary 'A' Shares 
carry five votes per share and the Ordinary (Limned Voting) Shares cany one vote per share. Ordinary *A' Shares 
may be converted at the opt ion of the holder into a similar number ofOidiAaiy (Limited VptinglSharesatany time. 
Ordinary ‘A* Shares and Ordinary (Limited Voting) Shares were allotted credited as fully paid in consideration for 
the cancellation of all the common shares iq issue. 

Since 31m December. 1985. shares have been aDoiied credited as fully paid as follows: 





'A' Shares 




On 3 1 st December. 1985. in consideration for the cancdUtion of the common 

On 3rd January. 1 986. pursuant to the Plan oTReoigamsation. in conSKkration 



for the acquisition by the Company oft 
tire undertaking and assets of TIAL 



the whole of the issued share capital ofTICL SFL TICL and JTCl 



Allotted and folly paid: 


12Q.OOOJMO Ordinary (Domed Voting) Shares of SD.01 each 



An option has been granted to acquire 1 .600:000 Ordinary (Limited Voting) Shares at a price of 215p per Share 
at any time between 3rd January 1991 and 2nd January 1992 

(b) Somnorised Profit and Less Account for the year ended 31st Decesbo. 1W5 


Turnover 9.413 

Operating profit 
Other operating income 



Profit on ordinary activities 
Resenesai 1st January 1985 


Capitalisation of reserves 





Reserves at 31 m December. 1985 

(c) Summarised Baton Sheet at 31st December. 1985 


Current Assets; 

Debtors ■ 

Shon-term investments 
Cash at bank and ra hand 


1. 60S 

Creditors! including dividends payable S93&OO0) 
N« Assets 




Capital and Reserves 

Share capital 
. Reserves • 

1 .070 



Chartered .urountatus 


1. History and share capital 

(a) The Company was incorporated in Ihcfavnon Islands under ibc Cora parties Low(CTrapttr22lOfthcCai7nan 
Islandsuhe 'Companies Law”) on 20thNovenibo-. 1981 sacmupanylimited by shares with the name Terapfnm 
Investment Counsel Limited with an authorised share capital of S400fl divided mto 4.000 shares of SI each, all 
oTwhich were issued for cash at SI2J0 per share oa 20th No»ember.l98L On 6di November: I9W. 3.600 of such 
3,1210 convened into nco-roting shares ofSI each. On 31a December: 1985. the authorised share, capital 

»as increased by the creation cf -W.QOCLOOO Oidman -A' Stares of SMH tads end lfiQjOOjMfl Shares. The 
Ordinary ‘A* Shares and the Shares rack pah pussu mail respects avte that die Ordinary- *A' Shares Carry five 
voks per stare and the Shares any one w* per share. The Ordinary *A* 9ures are convcnibte ai the option oT 
tire holder at any time nnoa bke uwnbff of Staves but once having been converted, may not be reconverted. 
The Company was registered m tbeConmonw«alilU)f'nreMnm«iiarferihe Foreign PnmpMwv an (Chaw 
186 Revised Laasjou 27th November: 1985. - v . 

tbe43)00 shares of Slc^h httisao bdd » them w ihcCompany as follows: 

Ont/nerv - ■ 

' fcmrv .Share*. 

Mr J. M. Teraptettm 'TiSSn ^ 

Faithfulness Limited LSS! ' — — 

. 4u0 




Pursuant to the Agreeraemand Plan ofRcmganisaiion refened to hi 
S hares and 7^720000 Shares were issued credited 

of the business of Tempteion Investment Advisers Dinned l TUL ) and the w bote of W 
ofTICL SfLTKT and JTC1. 40.000000 Shares remain unissued. 

On 8tb Jammy; 1986. the name of the Company 


The umsstied shares of tire Corapm* are anhe drspoval 

b penoai at such turns and for ureii f«adfla<Niai sad 

or otherwise dispose of them to such persons at sum omesano .« 
conditions as they may dejmninc. Neither the .Artretesof Aaocauon rf ibcCorapatR «<* «= Cotnparacs uw 
provide for any rights of; pre<rnpiK» upon tire issue of shares in ibec oropam. 

Same . 




Skate Captid 



Tanptaon Investment 

Counsel. Inc 

24ih October: 

1979 ■ 


S 100.000 


Securities Fund 

Investors. Inc. 

24th Jarman. 


- S 100.000 . 

S >4.600 

Templeton Investment 

Counsel Limited 

' 2nd May; . 
!973 - 




Joltt Templeton 

ISth November: 

l%2 • 

- Panama 



Templeton Investment ’ 
Management Limited 

3rd ApnL 


- Engbotf 



Securities Fund 

Annuities. Inc 

25tb January. 


S500.0 00 


Securities Fund Trust 

Company of Florida 






(c) Save at drictased in paragnmhs(a)abovraDd WO and 7 brim*, no share or loan apnal « 'bc Company has 

ban tssuedibreash or foracoiBideraikmiJiher titan cash and no such caprral of itreCoaqnny » now proposed 

robe issued. • 

(d) Saveasdadoscd in paragraph la) above: during tbc three ycare immediately mccednv tire dne tatrf. tjw 
have been so changes m tire issaed time capital of tire Company nor any material chan&a in tire issued share 
capital of any rf its subsdianes. 

(e) During the tinceyeon iimnetSa^y preceding tire dale hereof no commissions. tfiOTBntt. brokerages or «hcr 
special terms have been granted by the Company in connection with the issue or sate of any of ns dare or tan 

(f) Save asdadosed in paragraphs Wc) ud 7 bdow. no sbme or loan camial of tire Company is under opttoa or 
is agreed coodiuonaHv orffiicoadilioiialK pm under opuos. . 

(jt> Fki material isstrettfdtarcsIoihCTtinniosharehddmjro row vocwaiBghoWit«S>wvHbeiiradcwti6iB one 
year of .tire dare of this document and so issue wifi be made which would effectively alter tire cuturol of tire 
Company without, in dther case, prior approval of tire shareholders of the Company m Genera) Meeting. 






On 3rd Jahuarv. 1986. tire Company. T1CL TIAL JTCL SR TICL Ruthfobess Lnnncd. Mt J M- Tcmpfcwn. 
Mr. J. W Galbraith. Me J. M. Templeton Jr_ MnT L Hastinger. Me M. G Landry and Mr. G. P Mali lettered 
into an agreement and plan of reoTgamsaiion (the 'Agreement and Plan of Rcmgawsauon"» under winch tire 
fitilowit® transactions rook place:— 

(a) Mt J. WGalbrarihsrid to SH(i)fOS0O0 shares (rcpfesenting (he 2( per cent, of tire issned share capital 
not already owned by- SR) in SFA and <nl 1100 shares (representing tire 21 per cm. of tire issued share 
capital not already owned by SR) in SFTC fire a total coasidcraiioo mS"414(Bt 
Mi: J. W Galbratih sold to SFI 75 shares (repmmmg lit per cent of tire issued share capdatlm SR m 
coosideraiusn for lOpercm subordinated non-negmiabte notes bavmgan aggregate fooe v*hr 0tS8-9fhJL('rt7 
rcpayabte in fivrannual insulmems between 1987 and 1991: 

TlALsoId to tire Company ihe whrie of its undertakingand assets tn-cossitteiairaii for (tithe assumption 
by the Company of TIAL's liabilities and (ri) the aDament io T1AL credited as fifth paid of 4.640.000 
Ordinary ‘A* Starcsand 14^20J»0 Shares mtheCompany-. - 

faithfulness Limited, a company wholly-owned by Mr J. M. Tempteion. sold to Ihe Company (ti 2.iX*l 
shares (representing 100 pa cent, of tire iaoedsbOT capital) mTlCL and (ii) (0.000 shares (representing 
100 per eeqj. of tire issued share capital) in JTCl in coasideiaiion for tire aDounernw o creducd as fulh 
paid oT9.I6O.OO0 Ordinary 'A* Shares and 27.480.000 Shares m tire Company: ...” 

Mr. J. W Gaforaitb void to the Company 546 shares (representing 100 per cent. oT the issued share capital 
not owned by SFI) m SFI in consideration for tire aHourent to bun credited as fifth paid of &73)0ftO 
Ordinary ’A* Shares and 26. 1 604)00 Stores in the Company-. 

Mr. J. M Terajtietoo Sl sdd to the Company I JO0.OOO shares (representing 72 percent of the issued share 
capital) to TKT m consideration for tire aflotment to him credited as fiifiy paid of 2534.40b Ordinary *A‘ 
Storesand 7.603jOOShares in the Company; - 

Mr. T L Hansbafer sold to tire Company 520.833 shares (represe nt ing 25 per cent of the issued share 
capital) in TIC1 in consideration for the ^ounemto inm crodiied as frilh pnd of 8Wi)0O Ordinary A" 
Shares and IMOjXX) Shore* in the Company: 

Mr. M. G Landry, an employee ofTICL sold to the Company 4].66frshareS(repmniIiiig 2 per cem. of the 
issued share captal) in TfCI in cossidaauaa for tbe aDounesi to Iran credited as fifth paid of 70.400 
Ordinary ’A' Siaro and 11 IJQO Shares in ibeCompany. and. 

Mr. G. R.Moryl an employee of TICL soM to the Company 20£33.shams(repffi«raiiflg ( per cent of Ihc 
issued share capital) m TICI in consideration for the aHouncm to tarn cmhtcd as fifth paid of 35200 
Ordinary 'A* Shares and 105.600 Shares in the Company. 

On 17th January. 1986. UAL distributed to Eudrfitincss Limited. Ml J. W Galhrartirand Mr J. V. Tempteion 
Jr. the following shares hi ibrCorn party (being irr aggregate atHbe shares beM by 71RLT>ihe Company i in 
exchange for ihar shares mTLAL:— ... " . 


‘A' Shores . Skim 

Rntbrulness Limited IWOlftO • . * 8.7)1000 ’ 

Mr. J.Vk Galbraith 9685)00 2904000 

Mr. J.M. Tempteion Jt 968000 . ‘ . . 29&40O0 ■ 





, 4.840000 .. ; 


On 20tii January. 1986. Mt J. M. Tempteion transferred 1677.520 Shares ro Mr.J. M Tempfemo Jr. anil in 
exchange Me J. M. Tempteion Jc transferred 3L502-JQO Ordinary 'A' Shares io Ml J. M. Tempteion. 

3. Agreement with Caae now & Co. 

By an Agrrement dated 12th February; 1986 between Mr. J. M. Templeton. Mr. J. ft! Gaforaith. Mr. J M 
Torrpjcton Jr. Mr. T L Hanshergct Me M. G- Landry and Mr. G. P Motyf (the “Vcndon") 1 1 k the Company 
(2L the Drreaors (3) and Cuenovt & Co. pCarenoves - ) (4) (the “Offer for Sale Agreemcm~l Carenovcs have 
agreed, subtea io the Council of The Suck Exchange admitting the Shares to the Official List by not later than 
26lh February. l«86. on behalf of the Vendors roo8er4000a000 Shares to the pubheat a price of 215p per Share 
and. to ihe extent dm these Shares are noi sold pursuant to such otfet w> procure purchasers for or to purchase 
the Shares ai such pnee. For these services Caarnoves will receive a commissidn of 225 per cenL of the offer 
“poet of tire Shares out of which they will on behalf of ihe Mmdors pay underwritragconunhsions at the me of 
1—5 [W cenL Under the Ofier for Sole Agreement, warranties (and indemnrues in nspect of breaches thereon 
have been giverrio Cazenoves by the Vendors. The Company has agreed to pay the costs and expenses of and 
incidental to ihe application for admission of the Stares to the Official List. The \fendors have agreed to pax all 

oi her costs and expenses of and -inckfcmal to the Offerfor Sate indnding Carenovcs' legal fees and other expenses. 

the costs and expenses of the Reporting Aocou warns and tire costs of prmying. advertising, and circubung the 
Offer for Safe, together with any United Kingdom value added tax payable on any of tire foregoing. The mial 
expenses payable by the Company are estimated to amount ro £15.500. 

The numbers of Shares ben« sold by tite Vbndom ndenhe Offer for Stic .Agreement are as follows}— 

, Kumber 
a . Shares - . 

9.688.000 • 

' 880000 . 

70.400 . 


Vendor -- - • 

Mr. J.M.Tempteran 
Mr.J. W Galbraith - 
Mr. J. M. Templeton Jc 
Me T. L Hansberger 
Mr. M.G. Landry 
Mr. G..E Motyl 


4.MetBoraodtr»aod Arridesof AssociatMW . 

The principal objects of the Company, as set oui in douse 3 of its Memorandum of Association, are to cam on 
busrnessasfinanrialandinvesiroenimanagrisand advisers. 1 

Tbe .Articles of Association of the Campanyawtam. imeralia. provisions io the following effect:— 

(a) Shares . 

TbeOtffitary^ *A* Shares and ibe Shares are in registered form. Tbe Ankles of Association do not provide 
for bearer shares. . 

At any general meeting a resolniioo put ro die vwe is robe decided on a poD. On a poll even member 

present in person, by representative or by proxy bss fire -votes forevey Orditarv "A' Share and one wire 
fbrevery Sbareofwbidi he rstheboWec 

•TTie immimest of transfer of a tiiare may be m the usual common form or m anv other form which the 
Directors may approve and is to beewemedby oron.behalf of thetransferor amL notess ihesbare is fulk 
paid, by or on behalf of the transferee. The Directors may. in iheir absolute discretion and without ax me 
any reason, refine to regisier the transfer ofa share wftkb is not folly paid. The Amchaconiain no restmioni 
on the frKuansftmbBity of tbe JPOp paid shares, provided that transfer* are ahiwISS 

The hoktes ^ the Ordinary ’A' Stares wd the hoktersof the Shares « emnkd pan pu&i amonast 
themselves, bm » proportion to dte number of shares heU by them and the amount paid uowaednwG* 
paid up on them, to share in the whole of the profits of the Company paid out as drotaifcaiid^2££ 
of any surplus in the event of tire liquidation of the Company; .Any dividend uneb SS35-?S£i 
yaus from itsdate ofdcriara«»stnll befoifeiied and shaft to theCompST^ “teapenodofi: 

Variatioa of rights ami aim tioo of capital 


The rights attached io an. cfass of share may be varied or abrogated whh ihe _ 

holders of ihrce-fbunhs in nom.nal value of the issued shares dfS relevani cbssTS the If C 

resolution passed bj not less titan tiuesqtanersor the votes cast bv memh^rf^f 
separate general meeting of the boWera of the shares of the class. To even stSTscuarw sSL!^ 1 " 8 * 4 

nSPKf * nerossanrTmSS 

other than anadjooraed meeting is two person ugether holdutt w renreseniina hi f. "“["X 
m Rpnuoal value of ihe issued shares of the das in question. ^ . P^y at feasr txv-half 

TheCompony may- by ordinary resolution increase its share capitti. coosoliifate and *n 

shares mto shares of larger amounL subdivide its shares into « 
shares not taken or agreed to be taken by any person. However: am such ahSS/ISS ane,!i M> - 

»^ Vh0 ^ Share “ Pna,) ax3 ™» of tire ^satSTiSSdl!Sy“v , K 

The Company, mas subject to ihe provisions of any relevant tendation hi . 

share capuat. any capital redemption reserve and any share premium 1 *™^!'^?“'*°'' Kducc 
Companies Law a special resolution is one passed bv not !?£* PUrpWft 

' nwnheraof tire Company enutled w vote and jaesern'm perwn. bv ° f ¥ XWa 051 ^ ,lw 

meeting or which not Im than twentvrone days' notice wS^SSSS? 1 * * 3 ^ 

has been given. An exirawdinaiy resolution » one passrtS- n«k« °* rtsduilM 

tilt members of tbe Company ern.tW ,o vote ° f ,he t v «* «« 4 


A Director sfialt not »p»Borbeco(nned in iheqnonunonam 

va&sacbonin wludi hesmatenafiy imerested. However, subjeoroic ®fany 

be may ro^ any rrsofottM mre^ecud^iheg,^ ^ W J^*™***^ ^^ttegtsUoon. 

any money tent orobltgaaonsuptfenakea by him for the WurfK W h,m ,n res P e « 
toys*™* w nufemmty for a debt or obhptkm of ^ P'««of 

imtenuun or guarameed or secured; (c> foe sobaainuon for^S^S^ ** ufucfl ** has nv„ an 

transawon fit urbidt he 'smtOTwed by vimreof ^ itnt^^^ K ^j^ enVT ^- lb ^t Id); 

Kiy aibeccompBiy- in wfoch htonnercsjeditirecfly concern 

• * r?T 

K\\i k 


onri. dr more of any equity dare capnal of that cwman* <^ I »T™ aJm . dlrcc,1 > w indireaN ooerwr 
(O any proposal fortire adoption, modification avaiiabte 

both to 

; v -J. 



Cfe.,.. ■•’■"J 

" 1 

— C-Sjv 


fcVfii*'- •- 

«*£*•■" •t' 

umm **&'■' ' r 

imv*- •*•' 


w***- 1 ; “ 

**? 'T,'" 




»tBmttemanne^»^^!J!5b^?^?^ en ^ ewof,fc ® "frmplfllM Group rradcr which he benefits 
not generally accorded * SecroSSwi "" ,oany Dnw ® r ** urt «>' ***** orad^mtagr 

not exceed in ^ ** *** ” MKhsfaa11 •* detenarned by the Dtwnw but titafl 
deteimint The Directors mav pea ' w Swn * lhc Company in general meeting na> 

may determine Anewutki ff of ihnr number to an executive office on such terms as they 
commission, pan ici online ^e[ K10r V 1 * 0 rcctl ‘* remuneration (whether by way of talon or 
m lieu ofh* J25E »KiSSr 0 ^ C) “ ^ Dbkw * «»■ ***** «** » ■**«■ to « 

mis sub * n >0 the prov Bions ofam retaum legislation .exeicisrall 
benefits in favour ofaiT^^ pcn^an^iK-s. gnU4 ^^ sl ^^ DM1KWorwfw ^ 3Bmo1 . 
dependents ofanv 3n> Dirrnor w former Dtrectorw the relations. cmmcUoik or 

^^X!SS!S£ n,m S A thKclor w t™* **«“* *»« w * accountable «, 
personfrombeingor **** 1 *“> an > 

Com^rnTf^boiro^ moneTa^f fsion5 «> refc*Mi fegafanon. exerrise an the powers of the 
(pmemand 5X4dS^^ W1 ' IS ' ,a,,0f,l,e «*kn*«* propen, and assets 
outright or as roUaiml ^ rOTpar > *"d >»»* debentures or other securities whether 

No^^Z^ *«unt>Tor anv debt. Iiabtluy or obi*™* oTthc Company or of any ihhtipam. 

™* ,a * 2 Dumor ^ m Dwtur Shall be required to vacate 


2fe£S Ttt0h,uon ofuw c<mmy “* DumbCT rf 1 0mtiDn 

mdSilldS.ftecSSSritILB Of other officer of the Templeton Group h entitled to be 

or in retaiion therein .m-wf* ^ 3,nsl J"' 1 cosa ^bw* incurred b> him hi die disc barge of ins dun 
" STw« “S bMUKi mcmtd *" **"*"« *> «Jau«g 

2 X * Z 1 ° nm 9am or «"»**<* s °d » -*ieb judgment is pSn mhS 

of duti on hisnem^m^+l^ 1 * dl5pa *'? of '* nhoiJl «* finding or admission of any material breach 
from liability to £££ B ^’11? J" m 10,1 ^ 100 w** “> arohcaiion under salute hr relief 

itself create a lhCT ? of 1,1 * t,ch frt “ f n sran»«l The temmeroofl of any proceedings shall not of 

ol du^wl ^T ^!! * p ^ n J wk,B » m dcmnilkauon shall base comm. tied a material breach 
a ,n defc ^" W may be- paid by the Company m aha**, as 

SSuI? ui^r^T’ 0n ^ C ! lpl 01 “ uluicnaK5n B ^ the peraon seekmjt mdcmmficaiion to repat 
such amount unless u » ultimately determined that he iscmitled to he indemnified by the Company 

5. Profits estimate 

Tt *, f ?ll?» l, * . ar r IC>l * l of h “* *»" Bohwn Wwdes and Cazcnose & Co. addressed u die Directors ui 
connection with the profits estimate:— 

The Directors. lS6rin, R«ut 

Templeton. Galbraith & Hansbergcr Lld_ London EClV ZNU. 

Lyfofd Cay, 



12th Februarv 1^86 

Dear Sirs. 

^ rorma f 5 ™® 1 * «**»« (f« *b«h ihc Dirmorsarc solely respoosiWel of Tempktoa 
Oatbrajui &. Hansberger Lid. and the companies which became its subsidiaries pursuant to the Agreement and 
Ptap cw Reorganisation w 3rd January; I*) So (the -Templeton Groop") for the sear ended 31 a December. 1985 
set out m the Offer for Sale dated 1 2th February. 1 98o. 

In our opinion the pro forma estimate has been properly compiled from the audited results oftbe Templeton 
Group far the nine months to 30th September: 1985 and the unaudited management accounts for the three months 
to 3 la December. 1985 and has been prepared on a basis conasirm with the accounting policies adopted bv the 
Templeton Group. 

Yours faithfully. 

Ckantred AmwViims 

The Directors. 1 1 Tp^fuiumse yhrd. 

Temjdofm. Galbraith & Hansberger LidL London EC2R 7AN. 

The Directors. 

Temptatm. Galbraith £ Hansbetger LuL 
Lyfofd Cay. 



12th February; 1986 

Dear Sirs. 

Wt have discussed with you and Robson Rhodes the pro forma profits estimate of Templeton. Galbraith £ 
Hansberger Ltd. and its subsidiaries for Uw year ended 31s December. 1985 set om in the Offer for Sale dated 
12th February 1986. Wc consider ihai the estimate ifor which the Directors are solely responsible) has been made 
after due and careful enquiry 



6. Director^ aad others' interests 

(a) Following the Offer for Sale, the interests of the Directors, mdudmg their bn mediate families, in the capital 
of the Company (excludingShares acquired pursuant to the applications referred loin paragraph |bl below], 
all of which are beneficial will be as follows;— 

Ordinary- \ I ' Sham Share . I Percentage of 

Dim-far S umber Pemmagc Number Percemage fatal cores 


Mr. J.M. Templeton 
Me J.W Galbrarih 
Mr. XL Haflsbefger 
Mr. M.G. HofowaJm 
Mr- H.£.MonigDmpne 
Lord Pritchard 
Mr. A.D. Russd 
Mr. M. Siorrt 
Mr. J.M. Templeton Jr. 




1. 760300 

ratal lives 


Mr. J. M. Tetnpleion s imerests-are held partly through Thithfutness Limited, a Cayman Islands company 
wboHy-wnedbyhintselt , 

fb> The following Drrectora. indu(hi« Uwir mimnfiaie femilies. mend to make applicauons for the numbers 
of Shares set oulbriow These applkatioas will be accepted in fulh— 

Dmaur ... . Sham 

Mr. M. a Holowesko . . . 500 

Mr. H. E Montgomerie ' 1000 

Lord Pritchard . 1000 

Mr. .A. D. Russd 1000 

(c) The Company has entered hno an agreemem dated 3nl January 1986 with Mr. I L Hansbeiger tinder 
which Mr. Bamberger has been yamoi ah opdon vt> acquire l.bOODOO Shares » 2lSp per Share at any time 
between 3rd January 1991 and 2nd. January 1992 provided that Mr. Hansbnger is siiD employed by the 
Company ai the date of such acquisition. The agreement provides foran adjustment in the numbs- ofShares 
subject to the option or to the option price in the event of certain changes in ihe capita! of the Company 
and far adju stm ent to the option arrangements in the event of certain mergers and «her transactions. 

(d) The Company has entered into the agreements with First Trust Bank Limned, a Bahamian company 
wholly -owned by Me J. ML Tempfeton. referred io in -Operating faalufcs- above; 

(r) SF1 has entered into a lease a g reement dated 20th December. 1985. with Snell Arcade Terrace Restaurant. 
Inc a company wholly-owned by Mr. J. W Galbrarih. pursuant to which SR leased pan of the third floor 
of ns premises at 405 Central Avenue. Si Petersburg, to that company for s penod of cue year (subject to 
renewal) at a rent of Si 300 per month. 

Mr. J. M. Templeton Jr. and Mr. T L Hansberger have given personal guarantees in respect oT the bank 
loan feci lh> ofS 1.5 million granted to Tin and referred to under -Indebtedness - above. 

First Trim Bank Limited acts as a broker-dealer in respect of shares in the Templeton Mutual Funds and 
m the year ended 3 1 si December. 1 985 received in aggregate S4191 1 of commission in respect of sales of 

(h) Me J- M. Templeton is Presdcni and Lord Pritchard is a director of Best investments International hit. a 
publicly hdd mutual fond incorporated m Panama and having gross assets of approximately S50 million. 
(I| The fofiowing service contracts have been entered into between Directors and companies ju the Templeton 
Group. — 

(,j a contract dated 3rd January. 1 986 bet ween the Company- and Mr. J. M. Templeton for a period of one 

year from that daieaulomapcaJly renewable for further periods of one month subjeci to termination by 
either pony on giving at feast 30 days’ notice prior to the renewal date. The contract provides for an 
annual safety of $400,000. pita an annual bonus equal to the higher offij the amotim paid by SR to 
iu profit sharing plan for the accoum of Mr. J. W Galbraith and (H) the amount paid by T1C1 to its 
profit sharing plan for the account of Mr. T L Han&ergrr. 

(it) A contract dated 3rd January. 1 986 between SR and Mr. J.W Galbraith for a period of one year from 
that date amomaiicaiN renewable for further periods of one month sutyeci to termination by .cither 
pant on giving at teas 30 days' notice prior to the renewal date. The contract provides foran annual 
salarv of $150300 and entitlement to participate in SFTs profit sharing plan. The contract also 
provides for an annual bonus equal to ID 15 per cent. oTSFI's income before taxes in respect of each 
calendar vear. but not in excess of $250,000. plus (ril ihe difference (if any) between the amount paid 
, by TICI to its profit sharing plan for the account of Mr. TL Hansbetger and the amoum paid by SR 

to its profit sharreg plan for die account orMr. Galbraith, 
jjii) a coniraa dated 3rd January. 1986 between Tin and MtTL Hansberger for a penod of one year 
from that date automatically renewable for further periods of one month sntyeci to termination by 
either partv or giving at lean 30 dajV notice prior to ihe renewal date. The contract provides for an 
annual salarv of S 1 60.000 and eoirttemcm to participate in TlCTs profit sharing plan. The contract 
aba provides far an anfoal bonus equal to the difference (if any] between the amount paid by SR to 
ib profit sharing plan for the accoum of Mr. J- W GajbraiTb and the amount paid b> Tin toils profit 
sharing plan for the account Of Mr Hansberget 

ml A contract dated 3rd Januai% 1986 between the Company and Mr.T L Hansberger fora period of one 
vear from that dale automaticallv renewable for further periods ofone momh snbjectio icmuniiion by 
either pari} on giving at feast 30 days' notice prior to the renewal due. The coorract provides foran 

annual salary pf £240.000. ,• 

Hi Under an agreement dated ?nf Januarv. 1 984 (as amended) SFl perforaKa^em forSewrmts Fund Trust 
{,) r muvinv Trias com nan v whdly-owned bv Mr. J. Vi Cafoisnft (TSF LCTl cerom* admimstrame duties 
23S' S335S«23i SFT rr i» ****** ■ comujfration ofa fee equal to 95 

VtSTJrSS^iS u, SFTCT by such acroums. Mr. Galbraith tea undertrium to to 0 k 
C rinSyasum equaMo ibe amount receivable by fm. less appifoabie tax* fern oftbe iwmnn by 

• SFTCToflhe remaining 5 percent, of such fees. ... .. 

in sub-carassraphs (c) to (j) rfwve. no Director is materially interasasn m any contract or 
M fcSSnpm'- since 3IH Decembec 1984 or subsisting* the dare hereof which is 

Sff taSt in rriatKm to the business of the Company and its 

m ,he W 3lsDeimbet l985ioiaflcdS1485jmit 

R er^umenb of ibe. Directors for the year wlmg Jia December. 1986 win 

not exceed $1.400300- . 

tm) Save as disclosed m sub-paragraph (a) abovt no person, directly or icdmnls « wwrwttd in five per eem. 
nr more oftbe issued 5h3 re capital of iheCMipans 

f Mnsranh 8nd mTaragraph 2abovt no Diraetorhasinyinteosi. dwet or indirect. 

for Safe 
7. Option pUo 

■ 1 HonAnwr I id IQfiS Inpmimv 

7. Option pten Canmm approved the lempfeun. Galbraith £ Hansberger LuL 1985 Inonnve 

On iTih Januaty. {J JJjSeck opiionphnihai jaitsfics the reqoirtmenb of section *22A of 
Stock Opwffl PiM iTir iherermsoTthe Plan, a Committee of the Directors, which wifi 

tire United Sales J^mavat ns discretion, grant to any officer or other key employee of the 

comisi of three or «»“ £ a Temptov« who OKHrMheediiwtly or by aroibatton. share capital 

Company total comtHned voting powoflm emptoytreorporation or of ns parent 

or subsidiary option maybeoerdsed after six years from tire date of 

No opntw may \x t»"«* 1 ■Jf m opifonmay be exereised umi] « least five yean after tire dare 

grant and. except ‘^ 5l ®^°Jf“zJ^jwwt*nilreopo6oWflerceasesiobeembloyedbyiheCompany 

theoptionagramed Ancpiwr wn botw . rimdoyw eases to beasubsidisry of.Ure Company; Early 

or any of « m Iremem or tfcaih of atr option hdder. Early exercise may 

exeK« may be ^ anvR ,bsdiuy is nieiBed into. «n«rfidaed with orotbewie 

a bo be pen«'«d in 1hf nmon or entity; or if there iia liquidarion of tire Company and in other - 

combined with or acquired ca'« j w fl eriw . • • 

s^ixified artuipaaoees. ' 


. The pnec payable b> m employee <*> ifcctxt-mv « an opuoa ant do: tw ms man ure tair marxert van*- ui ok 
Shares an the dare (Ire option is granted. The aggregate Cur market v dire (determined as of the date options are 
granted) of the Sham m respect of which any employee may be granted okioos to any calendar veer under the 
Plan (when cooufcTed together wuh options granted under any other plan at Ac Comparr. or its subudiorini 
may not noted SlffliMm plus am unused limn earned over to such cafendor year, v-tucti ,n m event wnl cvctxd 
SSCLpOG for any calendar year No opuons may ire assigned or transferred otherwise than by »;n .r bv He lamof 
dtsent and drstnbwion and options may be f\rrt:sabte during tire mpuyecs h tame only by ih.- empk-.^x. 
The Dnerton bate the ptrarr to amend tire Pbn at any trine, except that they may Ml increase the number of 
Shares subject to the Plan (Other than by way of adjustment for vuhdr.rwn of Shares. apra<isatK--n issues or 
other capital rrorpmaaioas) or change the clou of cligibte employees or TO terrain increase She bencfils ot the 
pvuetpams in the Han w ithout the approval of the Company '* shareholders. 

No amendment of the Ran or options granted under the Pbn nuv. except with tire consent of the ap»on holers, 
adversely affect ntfus under an option prcv wmlv granted. 

No more than 1.000.030 Shares, repmenung (1.625 per mil of tire issued share apml of the Cor .pin; folbwing 
the Offer for Sate, may be issued pursuant to the Plan upon exercise of options. If an opt ton terminates or expm 
without having been exercised m whole or m pan. other opiums may be granted covering tire Shares m respect 
of which the option was not exercised. 

in. Kirpam so MsarvMJwri* 

A primed copy of lire consolidaied ocrounu of the Templeton Group will be delivered or tent by post uv the 
registered xddreu of e»er» shareholder at feast 21 days prior to each annual gi-nvral meeting of the Company, Ts«- 
first such report to be so despatched will be m respect of the year io 3lst December. xnnval general moctin?, 
are expected to be held in the Bahamas m April ot x*ach year, in addition, u n ihe inu.-mtu.-i itui j w-pirdu- 
mfonnauoa nweiing for shareholders will be held :n London m or about Mav ot earft yen. 

Shareholders will also be sent an unaudited interim statement bv 3 1st October of each vear. 

II. Dealings, stfrierant and (rosier 

After the Iasi date for registration of renunciations, dealings on The 9tocV will tv m pounds sterling for 
normal account settlement. It n expected that dealings will commence on Thursday. 2?lh February. I486 
National 'XftlfflinskT Bank PLC. Registrar’s Department, will act as l ' Kinplum iransfer agem for ti-. 
Company's Registrars. It will accept on behalf of the Company's Registrars, share certificates together win-, 
transfer forms Signed by the transferor! vl at us office ai P<1 Box 81 37 Broad Sircrt. Bnslot. BSW *NH h.*f 
rcgistranoninibeCaymaii Islands. 

8 . Profit sh ari n g pU a s 

SR and TICI nuunaln defined comnhunon profu shanty plans covcnrtg their respective employers. Employers 
become members of the plans after corapfeiion of one year's service, however, am person empimed for I .Mu 
hours during the financol year aurmnancaJly becomes a member of the relev ant plan dnnng she rirvt fitancia! 
year. Cornnhuuonshy SR and TKT are made annually in animmmr determined t* the boards of direetors of 
each compsns up to Is per ee«. of employees' salaries (with a maximum ot' SSO.uOO per cmpSoynri. SFIs 
ccmmbuuons are made to a trust which ts inv esud nt Trapfeton *orid Fund. Tlfl’s contributions are made to 
a trust Which invests m a portfolio of secumies managed by TK1. Employ en may nuke volunur. .-nmnbutinm, 
subject vs certain btratatioos. An empfoyee's stare of comrihuuoiK made by SFl vests in the employ ee a: a rate 
of 10 per cent, for each year of semee; coninbuliont by TICI vesi m ihe cmjdoyee ai a rare of 2‘i per tent for 
each year of service. For the year ended J la December. 1 985. SR and TICI ccmmbuied to tbt plffls the maximum 
IS per cent, of all eligible employees' salaries, in aggregate amounts of S2-W-0O2 and $1 1 3.400. respectively. 

12. Material ranbam 

Thr following enmraas. not bmnti romram entered min m the ordinary course «f huvmns. have been entered 
into by the Company or ns subsidiaries since I2lh February. 1 984 and are or may Iv material — 
fa} the Agreement and Plan of Rcotpniuiion: 

(b) the Offer For Sale Agreement, and 

(c) tbc option agrvemem referred to m paragraph 6 It) above. 

fiaxjnun uf ite Ciunfuav 

L'ndercnneiil tegniaiiou there are no relev am corporate mcome axes m the Cavnun Islands or m ihv Bahamas 
and ihe Company's busumsK earned oo m a maulin' which does not render it liable loL'ni'ed Sraicsor L nited 

Kingdom maim Houncr. die profits of die Compaq's subwdaics mdni ibr out purposes ra ihe united 

Stales or the Lotted Kingdom mill be SuHcci to uuikm in thev respeeme (unsdictions Dividends paid i<:> ihe 
Company lw ns United Stoles resident subsidiaries will be sutgcci to United Sates withholding m a; ihe cuncnt 
rate of 30 per croL which wifi mi be recoverable by the Company. Legislation n pending in ihe l nurd Slaws 
which, if enacted, would prtgreutvcly mnease tins rate io 33.6 per crm. D:v idmdi paid to Tin by us L nited 
kingdom resident subsidiary will be pawl suhjen to a payment of advance corpo rati on rax tr. ttsi subsidiary io 
the L’nited Kmgdom Inland Revenue ai a current me of ihree-sevcnihs of the dividend paid Pana! credu' for 
any such advancecorporaucmux may be av affable io TOT. * 

Dividends paid by ihe Company m its shareholders are not subject to withholding turn thefaymon I viands re 
the Bahamas. When dn idends are paid by the Company through a paving agent m the L tited kingdom, or 
colfecied through a bank m (he L’nited kingdom, the paying agent or bank is required to deduct an amount of 
Crated kmgdom income tax at the baste rate currently 30 per cent. This deduction will not spply to any 
shareholder who can satisfy the paying agent or bonk that he n not resident in the United kingdom. 

!\ General 

(a) Save as disclosed herein- there has been no mjimal fhznpc in the trading nr financial puses m i.f :rt 

rontparifs now comprising ihe Tern^fifin Group sira* Vith Scjflember. HS5 Ihe ia$! date lo winch su&si 
fmannal siatemcnis of aJI such companies were made up 

(b) No htigatirm. arbitraiion or riatm ot' nuiii-rial imp.-nunte is knuwtt to the Direciars u> be pendrr.^ <•' 
threatened ogpinsi i he Company or any ufitssuhsidurw-s. 

<Cl Robson Rhodes. C irenove £ C u and Av-mon Ntwa L Assuciatcv. Inc have pv-.n and have ik>\ wntutM-i-n 
their revpeciivc written ctmwmx to the issue nt this dneunu-m with the inclusion herein of their r.-p-.^ and 
knet their kiUT. and refriciHes to ihnr valuatnin rexpeinve:'- in t-ocli case in ihe turn; and inntcxi r 
which They are included 

(d) The principal plate of business ot iFk < ompany r. j: Lvtord «*a;.. Nassau. Baliamas The number 
frnplovwt of the companifx now comprising the Tempfelon Group at 31st December. i4.s» iwaJarw 1 *?: 
was FS7. fh and 2»S. revpecturii. 

le) In the opinion of the Diiecmrv the working capital oi' ihe Templeion Group is sjtiiiicni for us prewr: 

ff) The Company's annual actouniv have Fvrn audited for the linanio! pmixJv i-nd.Tl 2.srh Febniar. I-m ; 
29tb February. 1*64 and 31st December i*Jh-s by Thome Riddell. < banned AtYoununts. or 2'<! 
Brlco Building. PO. Box 372ft, Nassau. Bahamas and for ihe linaiuial year ended .•Ur [xcrmh.-r Iw b. 
Robson Rhodes and McGladrey Hendnckson 6 Pullen 

Taunton t* Skarthofden 

Dividends pad by the Company will be treated as income in tire hands ofa United Kingdom resident shareholder 
and. subjeci loony specific exemption or leliefapplicaNcto such a shareholder wdi he sublet! io income iat or 
corporal ion tax on income. Any United kmgdom income uv withheld by a United Kingdom pay mg agent or 
bank wit] normally be available for credo, and inappropriate cases reclaim, against any L'cucd Kangdom income 
tax or corporation tax liability Special roles apply to United Kingdom residents who are no.* domiciled m the 
United Kingdom and u British subjects or cituem of the Republic of Ireland who are cot ordinarily resident in 
the L ; nited kingdom. 

Any gam arising on a disposal ofShares by a shareholder resident or ordinarily rexidmi ra :hc l nned Kingdom 
wit] normally be subject to capital gams tax or corpora Uon ux on chargeable gauss. Special rota, apply io United 
Kmgdom residents who ore not domiciled in the United Kingdom. 

ftotpeciive shareholders should consult tireirown professional advisers in respect of the matron consequences 
ofacaiunnfL boldine or dhoosinc of Shares. 

14. Documents far inspection 

Copies of ihe falJiiw;ng duauneniv will tw available for msp»v|i>m al iht .vffuo. <if Sim more- 6. Sim-m-iv 
Dominion Street. London EC2M 2RJ dunng norma 1 business hours on any un-tday >< xduvJin^ Salurda; s jr.J 
public holiday si for 14 days after puMmmon of this dnenmer,: — 

(a) ihe Memorandum and Articles of Association of the Company . 

(M the consents refened to in paragraph I .Vo abuse. 

let Ibe report of Robson Rhodes and ihnr suicmeni of odjusimcn'.v 

(d) the lahtaiiofl of Vernon Shea 1 Associates. Inc_ refereed to m "Operating facilities - above 

(e) the romram specified under “Maienalconiranv" above, 
ff) the service con iram referred tom paragraph 6 ti l above 

(it) the audited Sfnunn of the Company and each of us subsidiaries for ihvtr tauwo financial periods, and 
(h) the share option plan and profit sharing plans refereed to vn paragraphs " and * above. 

Dated lih Februarv. I9t* 


Acceptance of applications will be conduional upon the Shares being admitted to the Official List not later 
than 2t>th February 1986 and upon the Offer for Sale Agreement referred to m this document not being 
terminated. Application moneys will be returned (without miens and at the risk or the applicant! if such 
conditions are imn satisfied and in ihe meamime. wiD be retained by National Westminster Bank PLC m a 
separate account. 

Caoenoves reserve the nght to rejeci in whole or in part or to safe down any application and. in panicubr. 
multiple or suspected multiple applications and io present for payment any cheques or banker's drafts 
irrnncd lately upon receipt. If any application & not accepted ra whole or m pan or a scaled down, ihe 
application moneys or. as the case may be. the balance thereof, will be returned l without interest) by 
returning ihe applicant's cheque or banker's draft or by crossed cheque in Favour of the applicants) through 
the postal tile nsk of persons) entitled thereto. 

No person receiving a copy of this documcm or the Application Form m any territory other than Greai 
Britain may ireai ibe same as continuing an rnntanoa or offer io him. nor should he in any cv cm use such 
form, unless in the relevant territory such an invitation or offer could lawfully be made to him or such form 
could lawfully be used without contravention of any registration or other legal requirements it is the 
responsibility of any person outside Great Britain wishing to make an application hereunder io sansfy- 
farinsdfas to hiD obsmmeofthe laws ofaoy i^vant imitory int^idiiieilKofataiRingofaiixpnYninienDl 
or other consents which may be required and compliance with any other formalities ra such territory and 
io pay any transfer or other taxes required m be paid in surh termors ifl respect ofShares acquired by him 

The Shares offered pursuant to the Offer for Sale have not been and will not be registered under the United 
States Securities Act of 1933. as amended. Accordingly, such Shares may not be offered, sold, renounced or 
transferred, direct > or indirectly, in the Untied Slates or to or for the benefit of am United Sidles person 
or to any person purchasing such Shares for re-offer, resale, renunciation or transfer in the United States or 
to or for the benefit of any United Slates person as pan of the distribution of such Shores. Applicant* 
Fotnts to be used in connection with the Offer for Sak incorporate a warranty that ihe applicant n not a 
United States person and is not applying on behalf of. or wnh a vie* to resale ta a United Staurx person. 
Registration application forins on Letters of Acceptance wiHcomkm a warranty io the same effect by. or by 
a duly authorised person on behalf of. the person- in whose names the Sham are to be registered. ~ United 
States penon“ means any national or resident of the United States or the esute or mot of any such person, 
any corporation, pannerahjp or other entity created or organised in or under the laws of the Untied States, 
or any political subdivision thereof: 'United States" means the United States of .America, its imnories 
and possessions. 

By completing and delivering an Application Form, you (os the applicant));— 

(a) offer to purchase the number ofShares specified in your Application Form (or sort smaller number 
of Shares for which Ibe application is accepted) subj ect to the prov rstoro of dm document and the 
Memorandum and Anicfes of Assoaauon of the Company. 

Q» authorise National XMesuninaer.Bauk PLC. New Issues Department, to send a Lcoer of Acceptance 
for the number of Shares for which your application isaccepred and a crossed cheque for any money 
returnable by post, at the nsk of the persons) entitled thereto, to jour addreufor that ofthc Rrxi-named 
applicant! as set out in the Application Form and to procure that your name (together with the namris) 
of any other joint appiicamfs)) is/arc placed m the Register of Mem bets oftbe Company in respect of 
such Shares, the entitlement to which has nor been duly renounced: 

tc) agree that, in cnnstderaiion of Carenoves agreeing ihai it will noi prior to 2hth Fi-hmjrt. I'M* offer 
10 veil any of the Shares the subject of the Oita ror Sale to any person other than by means >.-i tbc 
proecdum referred to in this document, your application may not be resulted until after 5th March 
l^gpand ihai this paragraph shall constitute a collateral contract between you and Ca/cnaves which 
win tveome binding upon despatch by post lo or ax ihe case may be. receipt by National ^AcslmlnsltT 
Bank PLC. New Issues Department, of your Application Form: 

Id) warrani that your remit lance will be honoured on first presentation-. 

(el agree ihai any Leiter of Acceptance and any money returnable to you nuv be roamed by National 
Westminster Bank PIT pending ckaranceof your remittance: 
if) agree that an applications, acceptances of applications and cnntraciv resulting therefrom under ihe 
Oiler for Sale shall be governed by and construed in accordance wnh English Law. 

(gl warrant that, if you sign the Application Form on behalf of somebody ehe. yuu have due authority fo 
do so: 

fhl confirm that in making such application you are not relying on any information or representation in 
relation to the Company olhmhan those contained ra this document and you accordingly agree that 
no person responsible solely or jointly for this document or any pan thereof shall have any liability 
for any such other information or representation: 

(i) warrant that you are not a United Stoics person as defined obO' e and are nut applying on behoir of. 
or with a v iew to resale to. a United States person: 

fj) warrant that you will only make one application under the Offer for bale and that noother person tu> 

mode or will make any other application on your behalf. 

All documents and cheques sent by posi will he at the nsk of the persontst entitled thereto 
The hosisof allocation will be determined by Caaenovos in consultation with the Vendors In so determining 
Ca/enoves will have reprd fo the need to establish a salisljctory market in the Shares, lor which purjxi-*- 
a reasonable number of sturehoidm is requtred. Acceptance of applications will K- elTected at the cfecimn 
of C a/enoves either by mitifi cation of the basis ol bifocal ion tu The Stnvk Lulunge or by ihe dvte nr.nuti.-r. 
of tile number ofShares tor which application i* accepted pursuant to arrangements between the Aendur- 
Carenovesand National Westminster Bank PLC. 

Gy/rt I’f thit Avumem mth ippluaih-n Fawn mid, luv mat be rhunitJ fr.*o; — 

Cuxnore £ Co. National WespnnBttr Bank PLC, 

12 Token house Yard. New Issues Depart menL 

London EC2R 7 AN 2 Princes Street. 

London EC2P2BD 

and. bom the, fo/loning beam hes of \'ainmal Hiram/mw Bank PLC— 

London— W«l End Leeds Ediabnrph 

250 Regent Street 8 Park Row 80 Geofgc Street 

Pjiwi n ghn m 

Colmore Centre. 
!03ColiiN)re Row 

22 Castle Street 


14 Btyihiwood Square 


32 Corn Siren 

55 King Sum 


Ulster Bank Limned. 
47 Donegal! Place 


1. Insert in Bex 1 (ra Cpres) the mmber of Shares for which you are applying. 
Applications mast be fin 1 a matamn of 106 Sham or in one of the following 

for noi more than 1.000 Shares, in multi pies of 100 Shares: 

for more than 1.000 Shares, but not more than 5.000 Shanes, m multiples of 500 


ibr more than 5 .000 Shares, but not more than 10.000 Shares, in multiple* of 1 .000 

for more lion 10.000 Shares but not more than 50.000 Shares, in multiples of 

lor more titan 50.000 Shares, in multiples of 10.000 Shares. 

2- Insert in Bew 2 (in figures) the nraowH rf junr cheque or braker's draft. 


Templeton, Galbraith & Hansberger Ltd. 


i Incorporated id ihe fay nun Idandvonh Irnnicd lubiliiyi 


Offer lor Sale by Cazenovc & Co. of 40.000.000 Ordinary (Limited Voting) Shares of 
U.SjS0.0I each at 21 Sp per Share, payable in full on application. 

I/We offer to purchase 

3. This is a warranty that you are not a United States person and are not applying 
on behalf of or with a view u> resale to a United Stales person. The definition ol 
“United States person” is in paragraph 4 of “Terms and Conditions of .Application ’ 

4. Sign and date die Application Form in Box 4. 

The Application Form may be signed by someone ehe on your behalf (and/or on 
behalf of any joint applicamls)) if duly authorised to do so but the poweris) of 
attorney must be enclosed for inspection. A corporation should sign under the hand 
of a duly authorised official whose representative capacity must be stated. 

5. Inset yon fan name and address fa BLOCK CAPITALS in Boa 5. 

Shares in 

Templeton. Galbraith £ Hansberger LuL 
(or any smaller number ofShares for 
which this application rs accepted) at 
21 5p per Share on the terms and 
subject to the conditions set out m the 
Offer for Sale document dated !2th 
February. 1986 and this form and 
subject to the Memorandum and 
Articles of Association of Temple ion. 
Galbraith £ Hansberger Lid. 


6. Vbu must pin a single cheque or banker's draft to your completed Application 
Form. Your cheque or banker's draft must be made payable to 'National 

Form. Your cheque or banker's draft must be made payable to "Nano raff 
Westminster Bank PLC“ for the amount payable on application inserted in Box 2 
and should be crossed “Not negotiable. Templeion”. 

No tempi will be issued for this payment, which must be solely for this application. 

and 1/wr attach a cheque or banker's 
draft for the amount payable, namely 

hasananged for ns cheques and banker's drafts to be presented for payment through 
the clearing facilities provided for the members oft hose Clearing Houses. Aft cheques 
and banker's drafts must hear the appropriate sorting code number in the top nght 
hand comer and must be for the full amount payable on application. 

Applications may be accompanied by a cheque drawn by someone other titan the 

K " amt's), but any monevs to be returned will be sent by crossed cheque in Ca\ our 
persoftis) named in fades) 5 (and U 

I am/We are not (a) United States persons) (as defined m the Offer for Sale doc u menu 
and am.'are not making tins application on behalf of or with a view to resale to. a 
United States person. 


February. |9&o 

b Cheque number 

7. Ytw buy apply joint)! with oiher persons. 

You must then arrange for the Application Form to be compfcurd by or on behalf of 
each joint applicant (up to a max ini am of three other penonsL Their full names 
and addresses should be inserted in BLOCK. CAPTT.A LS in Box 7. 


j W- VLn* hxummuawilt 

8. Box ft must he Signed by or m behalf of each JOINT APPLICANT (other (has 
(be first applicant who should complete Box 5 and sign in Box 4). 

If anyone is signingon behalf of any joint applicants), the poweris) of attorney must 
be enclosed for inspection. 

ftu must send the completed Application Form by post or deliver it by hand, to 
National Westminster Bank PLC. New Issues Department. PO. Box 79 . 1 Princes 
Street London EC2P 2BD so as to be received not later than 10 aji. on 19th 
February. I9S6. 

If you post your Application Form, you are recommended to use first class post and 
allow a least two days for delivery. ' 

“ O Pm here your cheque/hanker's draft for the amouni in Box 2 

allow at least two days for defixnv 

Photostat copies of Application Forms wilt not be accepted. 


fiBra rfmmliwi wh »hen ibm rtntre lh» one isotem. Tbc fini uf vuie wliufil vbouM compktr Buv'Mvp m 
few -I 

httnm Elm "the inn irijdtamriiteKtiwdjndMrtivQmiHfriin cart ofvtowiqiumnfcqinrnJin Bn 



iMf.XItt. Vintiximr f uariamtui 1 Vli Mn Vlm^uilr Fjffumnn |X|r Xlrv. Xtiwnnute F.'wunwwT 

The appbcotiou lists will open at 10 a-m. on 19th February. 1986 and wilt close as 
soon thereafter as Cazenoves may determine. The basis on which applications have 
been accepted wffl be announced as soon as possible after the application lists close, 
li is expected that Letters of Acceptance win be posted to successful applicants on 
26th February; 1986 arid that subject thereto, dealings in ihe Shares will com nuance 
on 27th February; 1986. 

Arrangements have been made for itasiration of aH the Shares now offered for safe, 
free of stamp duty and registration fees, m the names of purchasers or persons in 

whose favour Letters of .Acceptance are duly renounced provided that in the raws 
of renunciation. Letters of Acceptance (duly completed in accordance with the 
instructions contained therein} are lodged for registration bv 3.00 p.m, on Friday. 
1st August 1986. Share certificates wifi be despatched by Friday. 5th September. 

The Shares offered pursuant to the Offer for Safe have not been and will not be 
registered under the United States Securities Art of 1933. as amended, and 
■ accordingly should not be acquired by or cm behalf of United Slates {Krsons dunng 
the renunciation period or otherwise as pan of the distribution of such Shares. 

Persons applying for registration of renunciation will be required to sign a 
declaration -or oon-United Staus beneficial ownersbip. 


tv. ; - - : V:; j - s ■ : - ~ ; 

J on 
n oS 
eft is; 







: P-2S- 
i del 




Holding’s pace poses 
a familiar problem 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Kingston, Jamaica 

England got off to a shaky 
start against Jamaica here 
yesterday, losing the wickets 
of Robinson and Gower in the 
fir$t hour while scoring 44. 
The bowling of Holding and 
Walsh was fast and impres- 
sive, without being excessive- 
ly short. 

I The ground, transformed by 
the new George Headley 
stand, looked splendid. They 
have done here what they 
promised and made a fine 
stadium of it, albeit at the 
expense of its original charac- 
ter. It is rather like arriving at 
Lord’s and finding Edgbaston. 

The pitch, too. has changed. 
Rather than looking like a slab 
of marble it has a motley 
appearance — mostly bare but 
with die odd green patch. 
England will hope that the 
Test match strip is not mostly 
green with the odd bare patch. 
On yesterday's evidence it is 
of a good pace for batting. 

Robinson was out in the 
eighth over, caught in the gully 
as be bad looked as though he 
might be when the taster 
bowlers pitched short to him 
in Antigua. Anything.well up 
he played comfortably; any- 

thing under-pitched unsettled 
him. Holding, seeing the pos- 
sibilities of this, positioned 
two gullies, the finer of whom 
held a Ming catch as Robin- 
son sparred. 

In the same over, to his 
second ball, Gower survived 
the closest of calls for leg- 
before. Not that h availed 
him. In Holding's next over 
the captain was wet! caught at 
first dtp off a defensive edge. 
The one confident, attacking 
stroke of the first 
threequarten of an hour was a 
hook for four by Gooch off 

Slack seals welcome victory 

From Simon Wilde, Colombo 

' Wflf Slack and Chris Smith triumph. He has worked hard 
yesterday gave the first dem- at his cricket here, seeming to 

onstiation to the Sri 1 -an Iran have overcome an initial diffi- 
public of the batting potential culty against the spinners, and 
of the En eland B side. Slack, he had never before made a 

of the England B side. Slack, 
122 not out, and Smith. 60 not 

out, shared an unbroken part- day match. 

hundred in a competitive one- 

oership of 146 in 20 overs to Slack must, though, be held 
take England to a seven- responsible for the running 
wicket win over Sri Tanka at out of Nicholas, who went for 

the Nondescript CC ground in a quick single on his own call 
the fi nal one-day match of the only to be sent back by his 


England’s target had been 

jartner. The score was then 61 
’or three in the 23rd over and 

206, a higher total then either nothing seemed more likely 
side had achieved in any of the than another tame E n glis h 

five matches, but they reached 
ft with 10 balls to spare. 
Despite this defeat, Sri Lanka 
took the series 3-2. 

Slack’s century, only the 
second for England on the 
tour after Smith's 1 16 in the 
second game, was a personal 

batting display. But Slack was 
to remain there unbeaten, 
receiving 135 bails and hitting 
seven fours mid four axes, 
three off the medium pace 
bowling of Samarasekera. 

Smith also played an aggres- 
sive role. He raced 60 balls and 

Australia seek revenge 

Dm Sydney (Reuter) -Australia “We want to put the record 

Aud left fora six-week tour of New straight It was disappointing 
t** Zealand yesterday with their losing to the Kiwis. I don’t 
Di?wt c ap tain, Allan Border, empha- min d being beaten by a better 

strode four fours, two of them 
off successive deliveries to 
finish the match. 

Sri Lanka, who were put in, 
were indebted to three bats- 
men for the majority of their 
runs. Samarasekera and two 
left handers, TiDekeratne and 
Ranasinghe, were full of flu- 
ent straight strokes. 

Samarasekera. who came to 
En gland in 1983 for the Pru- 
dential World Cup, scored 68 
off 70 balls with three sixes 
and six fours. His innings 
ended when a powerful cut 
was met at square leg by the 
diving bulk of Lawrence, the 
substitute fieldsman. 

With Sri Lanka 49 for four 
in the twentieth over, England 
were in command, but in 
order to increase their run- 
making chances they had in- 
cluded Randall at the expense 
of Pringle. Nicholas thus rook 
'it upon himself to bowl nine 
overs, some of them during 
the final hectic stages of the 


Cudmore’s credit 
amid the storm 

From. Barry Kdrthafl* Perib 

The strong winds that Fre- w lost their bowman over the 

Zealand* 12-mw* 
.vV^r.dbv Graeme 

turned with a vengeance 
yesterday in time, for the fifth 
’■ race of die 12-metre world 
championship, causing a host 
of Wown-oui sails, one -dismast-, 
mg and three mau-overboard 


It was also a day that saw the 
joint Btitish/Frcnch entry, 
‘Challenge 12. skippered by 
Harold Codmore, feature 
strongly for the first finis.. The 

three-year-old Lexcen d esig n , 

which has bees ootdassed in 

skippered by , Graeme 
Woodroflfe, was quiddy turned 
moad aad the crew had their 
man bade on deck on the first 
pass, but Lorenzo Man s had to 
be picked up by -a rescue boat, 
leavn« the Itaha crew with no 
option but to retire. _ 
Tbs third casualty was from 
America H when Freddy 
Richardson, also a bowman, 
fell overboard when the spinna- 
ker pole topping lift gave way 

ck*se to the leeward mark. It 

the series by tbe.latest winged dose to the leeward mark, u 
keel boats, rounded the took two attempts to get him 

wcathennark in second (dace, back cm board 

- V. i 

five seconds behind Australia 
III after going out to the 
extreme left-hand side of the 
course — the proven tactic in 
each race to date. 

While Alan Brad’s latest 
America’s Can c h a l l en g er , skip- 
pered by Cohn Beashat, rev- 
elled in the strong conditions 
to finish more than a minute 
ahead of the fleetand extend 

its lead in the overall sta n di ng s, 
Codmore and his scratch 

atrafia Next to succumb in the 22- 
o the knot breeze and seep swell was 
of the Victory 83. Peter de Seyrans 
sic tdb former cup challenger, now m 
. Italian hands, which was cfc- 
latest masted half way up the second 
, skip- beat. 

L rev- Farther ahead Marc Pajofs 
iitiohs French Kiss, which bad earlier 
i^ fnutp pulled through from oath , was 
now within striking efistanceof 
atinp, Australia's lead but was forced 
cratch to play - a defensive role ip 

: v; - 

Codmore and his scratch to pfay a defensn 
multi-national crew inevitably protect secoud place 

Slipped back _ . bbmw . t Austab B 

The drama began on the first Au*t Z firm* Km. (U pm* Ftt 3, 
beat when the bow of New New Zm t ea t a <C actoew. MZfc 4. frog 
Zealand I plunged through 
Italia’s quarter-wave, washing {wn^h ZS 1 atec 
bowman Rob Safthouse and vm. 

Nn Zaataod a (C Ocktoa. MZ£ 4. Troa 
Noun (J Boyd, canfc S. - • - “ “ 
Lucas, tat). British: 7. C 
Cwsnarej. O wn! pliunra gnaura 
* t. AuseaB* n, if pts; Z nS 

Bowing to the wiraL- Victory 83, now in Italian hands, becomes a victim of dismasting 

the genoa off the deck Almost gffgg * 17-1 ; a. £ 

tomec^f^erwanfeJtaM^ &n£ 

spinnaker blew out and they 12 


England find ways of cheating the weather 

By David Hands 
tgby Correspondent 

Brian McCall, the London 
_ . „ , . . . Irish lock, has withdraws from 

England’s foresight m arrang- (be Ireland team to play Wales extra training sesoon at (***„£ '(George 

Twickenham rarher t his month ^ He trithdrew 

paid dividends yesterday as farina tnunm, yesterday be- 
they moved to Srottoml to abreSUd kg. He will 

make their final <hsp«motis ^ replaced by Hofiand 
for tomorrow’s Calcutta Cup (Dublin Wanderer*) 
match at Munayfield. They ' w movers j 

were unable to train property — ■ 

together as a team because of garded as one of the successes 

agai n st Italy last April in the when the padding slipped off members but now Harrison’s 

sizing hjs team's deiennma- side, but not by New Zealand. 

C1 Jaiuur tion to avenge their recent 
31 rrievai home Test series defeat 

New Zealand won thethree- 

But we have changed in our 
personal attitudes, although 
we do realize Richard Hadlee 

61 nuts. And, as it turned out, 
Randall was sot even called 
upon to baL 

SCORES; Sri Lanka 204 for 5 (45 
overs) (A Samarasekera 68, H 
Tillekeratno 59 not out, K 

same team as Halfiday and 
Robbins, now his colleagues in 

one of the machine's cushions, 
but otherwise both Martin 

the senior team. Harrison was Green, die orach, and Des 
involved in a serious car Seabrook. the Northern asso- 

Acc writes). He withdrew 

daring training yesterday be- football for his bank’: 

cause of atrrmsed kg. He will t ram before receiving medira 

date director, who has been 
much in t rai n i ng 

be replaced by Jerry Holland 
(Dublin Wanderers) 

team before receiving medical sessions, were comparatively 
clearance to resume his rugby happy. 

career, so be would have been 
familiar with the suntxmdmgs 
in which England c o mp leted 
the training yesterday, the 

The backs * followed 
Scotland’s backs to Easter 
Road (where underground 
Heating keeps the surface play- 

the harsh weather, so the extra of last summer’s England tour Hibernian Football Club able but no scrummaging is 

outing was money in the bank. 

In addition. Mike Harrison, 
who stepped into the team on 

to New Zealand. He answered 
adequately any queries regard- 
ing his defence and ended the 

“V uuvi WC UU |C(UUE lUUldIU XldUJCC n u.uamnhu Qfl riuiturul R . . “ 

1 Ot match robber 2-1 at the end of will still be a stumbling 207to^??ia2 JE 1 ^ a°T.n 

Other r test year, and Border said: block.” 122 not out cl smith W not out), g 3 ^*” a 

Wednesday in place of tbe tour with five tries from four 

Underwood, had 
Q part in that 

games, two of them in the 
internationals when he scored 

February 2 outing and was interception hies. Last season’s 



US spend $lm 
on brain scan 

Baltimore (UP1) - The 

H Iuktcsi Uaited States Amateur Box- 

* n J , ° 1 mg Federation have provided 
1 in SI nrilUon to Johns Hopkins 
University researchers to see 

4. Emi whether Olympic boxing 
During 1 poses excessive risk of brain 
ri 8 h|ft J>* damage and to develop simple 

tests to determine if a boxer is 
zr prone to head injuries. 

Dr Walter Stewart, who will 

5. Tava direct the four-year study, said 
nwdun researchers would compare 

P 0 ’ 1 " amateur boxers to American 
compn football players to determine if 
” U.5. the risk of brain abnormalities 
Defe was greater. 

Data from the boxers would 
be compared to statistics 
Noiuau.cnlled from track athletes, 
.wrestlers or participants in 
*■ ““another non-contact sport. 
EkrninfsiThe boxers' medical data 
numbcro would then be placed side by 
7. Drobside against information cot- 
lnduded dected from the the other 

30iti Sepit Dr Stewart said that tbe 
ta'cbeaigtiHjy of 220 boxers, 220 
American footballers and 220 
athletes in a non-contact sport 
— it wfl] begin on April 1 — is 
the first such look at the 
medical risks faced by ama- 

f and Olympic boxers. 

* “We are very excited about 

nuLJiis project,” Dr Jerry Litd, a 
^ neurosngeon who heads the 
Net book iUSABPs sports medidne 
committee, said. “This is the 
OfTue 2nd first time to my knowledge 
that an amateur sport Iras 
Deprecu nndertaken a study of this 
Ne« book ..nragmtnde.” 

The study will examine 
whether physical conditioning 
plays a role in the prevention 
of head injuries and whether 
there is a way for doctors to 
detect the threat of a brain 

“We want to look at the 
question ’Is there a point 
where these ltids are at an 
excess risk?* We’d like to 
develop a test that is sensitive 
to the early stages of brain 

“If abnormalities or exces- 
sive risks are found we want to 
know if they are more common 
in boxers compared to other 
athletes and to identify early 
warning signs of permanent 

Participants in the study : 
will be selected from boxing 
clubs in five sectors of the 
country. Dr Stewart, who b an 
assistant professor at Johns 
Hopkins School of Public 
Health, said. 

Boxers will be wired to 
electronic sensors capable of 
detecting abnormal brain- 
waves. If doctors determine 
that there is the beginning of a 
head injury more tests util be 
conducted. Dr Stewart said. 

He said he would not enter 
the public debate on whether 
boxing should be banned as 
barbaric and cruel, but Dr 
Li tel said: “This study will 
either confirm o nr belief that it 
is already a well-regulated and 
safe sport or suggest bow h 
can be made even safer.” 

on tiller 

therefore familiar with 
England's plans. Harrison, the 
29-year-old Wakefield wing, 
will be making his first- five 

Australian visitors rated him 
highly too; he scored an 
interception try against them 
for the North at Waterloo and 

nations championship appear- was the only Englishman to 
»n re and, tho ugh disappointed register a try against them until 

that it has to be at the expense 
of his Yorkshire colleague, was 
delighted at the chance to show 
his paces at home. 

final match of the tour involv- 
ing the Barbarians. 

He was named in England's 
first training squad of the 

Harrison was generally re- season, having won a B cap prop, received a sore shoulder, compared with the younger sol 

Snpport for the view that try scoring shonld be given top priority 

ground at Easter Road. 

After the flight to Edinburgh, 
plans to train together had to 
be amended because of the 
frozen grounds. Tbe sun shone 
bat snow lay aD around as the 
forwards went to the Heriot’s 
FP ground ax Golden Acre 
(following appro pria te direc- 
tions to tbe Fine Arts Society) 
to work on a scrummaging 
machine, where they (fid well 
considering the lade of par- 
chase in tbe ground (Heriot’s 
first team have not played 
there since January 2). 

Chilcott, the replacement 

allowed) for a workout with 
Brian Ashton, the assistant 
coach, and where the forwar ds 
subsequently joined them. 
Scotland’s bads meanwhile 
retired to Munayfitdd’s back 
pitch to complete their train- 
ing- ' 

Huw Davies, who was given 
a fitness test on Wednesday at 
the same time as Underwood 
was forced to withdraw with 
strained leg tendons, moved 
easily enough on his bruised 
ankle. He is relieved to find be 
is no longer the oldest back in 
the side: At 26 he feels mature. 

arrival has taken the burden 
from , his shoulders. He was 
joined later in the evening by 
his old Cambridge colleague. 
Marcos Rose (Harlequins), 
who joined the party as a 
precaution when Stuart Barnes, 
the. replacement stand-off or' 
fullback, was unable to train 
because erf an attack of in- 

. The coaching arrange m en ts. 
bew to England Jus season, are 
working weft. Bob Templeton, 
on. his recent visit JO; Britain - 
with Queensland, expressed the 
view that even at dub level 
coaching one 'team. was rapidly 
becoming a two-man job. In 
feet England effectively have 
three in Green, Ashton and 

The Scots reported -no late 
injuries after completion of 
their naming and Robin Char-, 
tera, the convenor of rbeir 
se lector s, said Mnrrayfiekl was 

in remarkably good condition 
consider inn the r ece nt weather. 

-rr lo.. «.. i.. - 

By Jim Kailfoa 

“If anything fr aught be slightly 
soft.” be said. 

Penny Gutter has accepted 
tbe new post of director of 
international training. She will 
take charge from junior 
through to senior level with 
sole responsibility for training, 
performance, coaching, selec- 
tion, administrative enganiza- 
l tion and financing of British 
international rowing. 

To assist her in her huge 
workload Miss Gutter will be 
seeking a full-time business 
administrator, as agreed with 
the Sports Council, a secretary 
and a boat repairs assistant. In 
effect she will be separating 
British international rowing 
and its financing from the day- 
today business of the Amateur 
Rowing Association. 

The appointment will not be 
without its critics. It means tbe 
selection boards will be scut- 
tled, although there will be an 
appeals panel of three. This 
will be ted by the chairman of 
the ARA executive committee. 
Mr John Veals, who will 
appoint two others to join him 
for each separate appeal should 
there be any. 

Miss Cfauter takes up her 
appointment on April 1 this 
year but before that she will be 
holding discussions with ath- 
letes and coaches and details of 
her proposed operational plans 
will be announced towards tbe 
end of March. Miss Chuter’s 
appointment is on 3 fixed term 
until September 1988 and her 
position of senior national 
coach wifi still be available 
then should she wish to revert 
to her present role. 

Andrew puts the 
kick in its place 

>.-4 ; Simon 

1 Barnes 

when the moment is right, 
doing afl that a top dass stand- 
off should do. “The trend is 
away from rigid set-plays, 

-ktrl, T bate » k. mmlA MW.V, 


Included ir —————— 

SES! Millwall have FWTB * LL 

provided in v 

, ^ chance of 

FA reprieve h*»db«u. 

trades The all-ticket penalty handed WORU3 chmvkmsmps On pmoa 
O ther out to Milhvall mNovenfoeHs 
Sundndebiio be lifted by the Football BaJpm i J g. Gnei Brin» o ptay >pr mntfi 
Interest beaiAssociation, provided the sec- a9ansi “ oa SLJS? l L'«*ai* 
broken and division chib apply con- r wwm 

Prrpavrwmditions set out by the Football Wortha m pwdl f a pm 

1 M0,|A Th*> merrHninn 14 7 t J MS 131 15 

League, toe rascncuon was 10 7 0 3 iea iss u 

imposed on Millwalls home Lpooi 10 s a 4 ibb 170 12 

, Canon League matches after gF* !£ 5 !} | EJ 

Amounts mkroubie at their match with safcw " in 1 4 1 mm ■> 

after nioreLe^ds United even though they ff"*™ £ » £ l f 

cteared of responsibility. 1 I 0 2 lli iw 12 

Ifl. InetDi. MiUwaU claim that, since RJ-jbn, b a 1 4 ire i5 r 

and maritfil 0.000 at each home game. 

Mutual fwdgS ™ ns toered moving- SQUASH RACKETS 

rom the Den and chang in g 
heir name to try to escape 
heir reputation 

Market value But the FA’S initiative yes- 
erday has cleared a way bade 
II. Crediioibr Mffiwall who say they are 
(a> AnuMirtb P*™* good towards 

BankkarfttPP^PMPtMg the two COij- 
TndecTrd^ bons s« out by Lancaster 

Wolverhampton Wanderers; 

Oilwr .■« of the third TODAY’S 

T*\auon Wls ¥ on . suffered another dis- ■ -■ 

Drvu,^ Ppmntmeni yesterday when 
AEOKdm 1ar I romwog young goaL FOOTBALL 

iikoiiw l «P er . Tim Flowers, asked for 7X urt8S * SCrtBd 

.The dub’s manager, Sammy Fourth division 
napman. said the. request Scimthorpe v Exeter 
(bl AmounufiopW be pm to the board, but Southend v Htftfax 
Meteor Wen that he is keen to retain 
Banfctaaw •« services of the England frmkt Roys* t rophy: Postponwt 
Suburdmaic 3 ?* international RfiadklB * 1 H8refcrt 
Flowers, who attracted in- ROGBY.UfjlQN 


FA reprieve 

The alLticket penalty handed 




L pOOt 

sr . 

Gt Dana 
L-csstar -73 
R Jankns 

CtWp MX 

14 7 U 1C 131 IS 
10 7 D 3 188 165 14 
10 6 0 4 199 170 12 
10 S 0 S 177 182 10 
10 3 1 6 174 iea 7 
10 1 0 9 181 2BZ 2 
8 1 0 Q 193 130 IS 
0 8 0 2 101 100 >2 
8 3 1 4 138 ISO 7 
8 1 1 6 111 ISO 3 
0 10 7 S3 107 2 




mm s* 



Ragby has become a mixture 
of mayhem and marksmanship. 
A blend of Big Daddy and 
Bisiey. A boach of hairy men 
form a heap, tbe whistle goes, 
and Dead-eye Dkk tests his 

Some of as are getting a little 
fed op with aD the penalty 
locking that goes on in ragby 
these days. Among this percipi- 
ent crowd is Rob Andrew: the 
man who has not one but two 
golden boots, EadaadTs marks- 
man sapreme, the man who 
coaid win the Qaecn’s Prize at 
Bisiey with Us feet 

He Is not eady fed op that im- 
portant rugby games are de- 
cided by the lockers, hot 
Insists, as be prepares to kick 
the penalties la England's 
match against Scotland tomor- 
row. that be is not eves a 
specialist goal kicker. He 
appears to overlook the feet 
that be kicked aD 21 of 
England’s points when they 
beat Wales last time eat He 
scored 18 with his right foot 
from penalties and, saforget- 
tably, three with his left with a 
drop good. It was so splendid 
that he even abandoned the 
self-restraint of a lifetime and 
wared bis fist a total of three 
tunes. “It was great to sane 
it,” he said. "Bet it would have 
bees even better if it had 
settled a match that was tied at 
fire tries each.” 

Rugby men tend to go os the 
defensive if you sanest that 
rugby is about try-sconug. I get 
hefty letters from them when- 
ever X s oggea fr such a heresy. So 
it was nice to bear Andrew say: 
“The idea of rugby s to score 
tries. Three of the four 
championship games played so 
far this season have been won 
tv tiie ride who scored fewer 
tries — and that’s wrong.” 

Far more than his krekme- 
Andrew prides hhaself on Ids 
skills as a play-maker, choos- 

whfch I hate,” he said. “We're 
getting more And, I have more 
scope to improvise, and that is 
what I like. We have some fine 
three*) Barters in the England 
side, although we didn’t score a 

try last 
The w 

The way rugby has been this 
season, try scoring steam to he 
a positive disadvantage to the 
scoring side, so perhaps it is 
just as wefl. This anomaly has 
nataraHy started talk of adjust- 
ing the points system again. 

■ -ByGeraW Dsrvfes 

I doubt whether anyone is of the fiur-pomt try) the points 
i administrative capacity has were 27.1, 113 for tries, 15.& 

Andrew: play-maker’s pride 

both games, tbe more finicky 
discipline can prey on a. 
player’s mind. “The. ritaah are 

The t al ki ng coaid go on for very important.” Andrew said, 
ever, hot one thing is plate the. “My own pre-kicking ritnal has 

game is not quite right. Again, 
Andrew snppmts tbe point. But 
devaluing tiie penalty would, be 
says, be a mistake. Often it is.a 
refief far defending sides to 

three parts to it. . Fast, I 
prepare the ball, and also the 
place where my left foot will be. 
A lot of hides are ntissed 
becaase the standing foot slips. 

concede a penalty: to make a Yon mart have a 

penalty worth, say, one point 
would, m ak e defenders pos- 
itively eager to give away 

base to 

ittveiy eager to give away 
penalties when a try threat- 
ened. Tbe answer, Andrew 
believes, is to reward try- 
scorers not by tinkering with 
the points but by awarding a 

, one point luck from. Second, I walk back; 
sders pos- the same dis ta n c e for every 
give away Irak, aidilte seme kickers, fire 
tty threat- paces back and two to tbe left, 
r, Andrew And third, 1 compose myself. 1 
sward try- missed a number of easy locks 
term* with hot season try rasWng them, 
awarding a reefing that they were a 

an administrative capacity has 
burnt as modi midnight nil 
over, the intricacies of the laws 
of rugby as has Hennas Evans 
in his attempt to make easier 
not only their understanding 
but also their reading. 

For a dozen years he was one 
of Wales's representatives on 
the International Board and 
president of tiie Welrii Rugby 
Union in 1982/3. After all, he 
had the responsibility a few 
years ago of being involved in 
the rewriting of those laws. To 
his disappointment, after weeks 
and mouths of work, he found 
that foe whole task had been 

With such a wrangle over 
tbe ubiquitous penalty, some 
other chickens may be coming 
home to roost. In 1976 he had 
also started compiling statistics 
relating to the incidence and 
frequency of penalty lodes .in 
the g a m e. 

“It was becoming increas- 
ingly apparent,” be says, “that 

for kicks (with 10L5 for pen- 
alties). However, in the 1980s 
it reads as follows: 

'80-81 27.2 10.0 17.2 (12.3) 
•81-82 32.0 10.4 21.6 (16.5) 
’82-83 . 325 10L4 22.1 (16.1) 
•8344 333 10.8 22.5 (16.2) 

“From all this,” Evans says, 
“it can be seen thdt tbe lock is 
far too influential and we need 
to restore once again the 
primacy of the try. So many 
penalties are given for technical 
infringement, arising from 
Jineouts and scrummage which 
are meant to restart the game. 
THs can quote often be seen 
also to depend on tire whims of 
the referee. 

“It is quite dear that the 
number of tedutical infringe- 
ments for which a penalty is 
given needs to be reduced. I 
believe that the free lack 
should be more widely used. 
By kicking a team bade 30 or 

40 yards, as is often the case, 
and removing the i«>m from a 

con Tension kick to front of the formality and that I had to get 
post no matter where the them over with as soon as 

games were being won by 'position of attack, to one of 
scoring through the prevalence .defence, in many instances, is a 

touchdown occmred, as in 
American football, in feci. ■ 
Andrew said; “Wingers score 
great tries, sweeping from one 
side of tbe field to the other, 
bat often they wifl touch down 
in the corner. And you know 
that 50 per cent of toodUine 
kicks are always going to fefl. 
To re war d any try wife a 
virtually certain six points 

possible. That pat pre ss ur e on 

of. punishment rather foan 
through any other positive 
aspect. I doubt whether there is 

“Selfdoubt can creep in so 
easfiy. In a cap game last 
season, I mmsvd able out of 10 
locks ’ at goaL Every miss 
makes tbe next kick hardest 
Yoo keep timUring how you 
have let (he team down — even 
though you know that, yon 
would sene the team best by 

would be fair. And it woald not forgetting it. So now I compose 
remove the sltiDs of long and uyidf carefully for every kick; 

angled place-kicking from the 
game — tbe locking of penalties 
has all that*” 

The practice of place-kicking 
has always struck me as 
something pleasingly aaonm- 
tons in rugby. The game is a 
fast, hot-blooded, toprovisu- 
tjeual moving-ball game. Bat 
every now and then it stops, 
and one man mast at once 
become odd and precise, and 
take a ranch rehearsed swing at 
a still balL 

Golf Is also two games faa 

ing the moment to release foe one, mi xing swashbuckling 
hnrlnt, eetriag foe inMuti we drive with peddling putt. And ia 

I visualize the ball safliug over 
before I start my run.” . 

It is reassuring to know that 
Andrew, tbe master of- the 
deadly art of place-idckisg, 
loves above aD else in rugby the 
sumptuous, sweeping moves 
that end with tbe triumphant, 

coruer-dag-trinraring dbe. Bat 
it is also reassuring to know, 
from the paint of uoashsmrd 
English Was. that If the game 
tomorrow is apofrm to be another 
afternoon of B&ley and Big 
Daddy, that the man puBing 
the trigger for Oor Boys will be 
Rob Andrew. 

aspect I doubt whether there is 
any other sport, which allows 
points to accrue in so influen- 
tial but so negative, a fashion. 
The. game is going away from 
tbe primary philosophy of 
getting possession and the 
scoring of tries.” • 

In the esrty days of rugby 
there were no -penalty kicks as 
such; tbe rules of the game 
were very simple, so infringe- 
ments were few and punish- 
ment limited to scrummage 
and free kicks — foe . latter 
having finle bearing as such on 
the match result. Additional 
laws evolved with, con- 

ban good, enough pu irishmen L“ 

Live But be also believes that, for 
e is tbe sake of uniformity and 
3ws simplicity, all kicks should be 
■en- worth two points. He does not 
on. subscribe, however, to the view 
om foal all conversions should be 
of taken from in front of the 
the posts. It would, he feels, take 
- something away from foe 
gby character of foe game and, 

> ss most certainly, the dramatic 
me value. “You might just as well 
ige- in this instance give six points 
ish- for the try.” 
age But it is the reduction of the 
Eter incidence of such penalty 1 
on opportunities foal should be 
sal foe main objective. “Although 
»n- Law 26 needs to be looked at 

* evoiveo wim, con- taw 2b needs to be looked at 
uenoaDy, more sources of more closely to remove a 
mgeraent so that “free kick couple of anomalies. I would 
by yay ?f penalty” was be quite happy if foe penalty 
introduced m foe manner of a were restricted to fbufanft 
dropped punt or place kick to dangerous play, if foe inrfrw 
score a goal. But it was not is v^rtfay offoe 
until 1926 foat the kick was sending-off, the differential 
alluded to as “penalty JticJT penalty cSiW ^ u»i 

frw^eejtkk". Place Idckiiig would not object to the oenaitv 
SpeaaH ^ s&ll being Wtrith 
and much valued art buL overalL fo* 


Birkenhead lose only two matches 

Schools ntgty by Michael Stevenson 

John Gwffliam. tire former only second match foat pa 
efth lock who is now Stonyhunst had lost Mike fit 


7.30 untess stated 

Fourth division 

■Scuithorpe v Exotar 
Southend v Hettax 

Reading i OiisnC Mndon v H a ra tard 

-»Us»ctmntf mfl tastsrason. said he Wt he j aSBTSSm^eCwitoy vNortwilp. 

ad become stale in recent 

Kano v Diatom; w*r ot 

SADMNTON: Kant ctompioinNps (at 

Tto Paddocks. 

iScBfnkC&silto MMi pnat toatara d 

stories tit Qumo's CM4 
SNOCTOPt Wetoi PnmpionMp fat 

MuS?tuS(ETSc Jesters Traptif (at j 

HrirthfieW SRO 

Gloucester's merit table 
match with Nottingham at 
KmgshoUn has been put back 
from this evening to tomorrow 

Welsh lode who is now 
headmaster of Birkenhead 
School, most have been de- 
lighted with the school's final 
record: played 18; won 16: lost 
2 (v Cowley and Arnold). The 
points tally was: for 319; 
against US. 

That Birkenhead's principal 
strength lay in the pack is well 
illustrated by their remarkable 
harvest of 17 pushover tries; 
defensive soundness is deaxly 
illustrated by foe single try that 
they c onceded in the last seven 

Birkenhead's best wins were 
against RGS Lancaster (23-4) 
and Rydal (26-8), and their 
recent 8-3 victory over 
Stonybarst in foe snow was 

Murphy, the West Park coat*, 
pud Birkenhead a significant 

paid Birkenhead a significant 
compliment when he said foat 
the two finest performances by 
bis talented side during the 
season were foe narrow defeats 
that they suffered ai tbe hands 
of Mil] field and Birkenhead. 

An impressive run of 13 
m at ches without loss by Not- 
tingham HS was brought to an 
end at Stamford recently, 
where Stamford School edged 
home by a try and a penalty to 
two penalties; 

This result was a fitting cod 
to a successful season for 
Stamford, in which they won 
seven matches, drew two- and 
lost two. The team enjoyed a 

particularly fcrumuJ period 
.from last haff-term. 

St BrendanX Bristol, are still 
is tremendous form, beating 
Hampton 28 - 1 2 after leading by 
a mere point with 20 minutes 
to go; as so often, their 
powerful par*, in which M 
Crane, A Sharp anti P Reyn- 
olds were outstanding, played a 
crucial {art. $t< Brendan’s 
gained a more convincing 
victory over' Bdgraao High 
School, from Buenos Aires, 24- 

St Andrew’s Scots School, 

Evans - has collected ' indicate 
that between 1904 and 1914 
tbe average total of points 
scored in a match was 1&2, of 
which 12.8 came from tries and 
5A from kicks. It varied very 
little between 1919 and 1929. 

BK h “ aeOeenea important factor in ti« gan? 

need a> keep foe game 
gang because, on average, 
to my . statistic* 

whi^l2.8 rame from tries and gleamed frtwn 
M from kicks. It varied ve*y games, there 
Ihde between 1919 and 192? 

18 points bring foe total, with sews a 

[2 from tries sod su firwn stan ftoAnc rime for 

tries and six from sioppages. , '^ >W,CraiWe “ 
It was between 1954 and SaiXCenS hODeflll 
(which included conversions, ™ 

*^£5 'JriZL'ZS: 

g. played a e x ce e ded .those for tries- The 
Brendan’s average points per match had 
tonvinring dropped to 12, tries totalled a 

aso Hmh 5.9jhare with kicks at 6.1. And 

Aires, 24- there tbe balance has rested. 

' In. 1960-65 tbe total was 
tg School, 14.9, 7.3 from tries, 7.6 from 

.2**™’ make every 
sljm Park on . Sunday 

^«s5,yn nine on . Sunday 
Volunteers wall dear foe straw 
OD Sunday 

Bdgrano’s oeighboura and ri- kicks (from which 3.4 wen 
vals. are also .touring: St penalties). In. 1966-71, it was 

Andrew?* began their pro- ■ 20.6, 8-7 from tries. 11.9 from 
gramme with drawn" same? ■ kicks (of which 6.6 were 
(both 13-13) against Exrter penalties). 

College and Kripte OS . In 1972-77 (foe iutrodnetinn 

judL-off which has Nm 
fought forward to 2.30. s££ 

of John 
“We B and 

KSE J-ILCf- foJ - 

College and 

-77 (foe introduction 

jfndbn merit tebte Saracens 

aisgSi S? 

f, w>i« ty 


lint* 1 


Football: Europe’s bridge of peace could yet prove to be a bridge too far for Robson’s warriors 

Long distance lending 
disenchantment to 

the view from Engla nd 

England are ex By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

similar to^^Wnri^rim araoo 8 ^ I0 P seeds is trans- rior to that of England, and 
P patently weak* They foiled to particularly of Italy, the world 
reach the finals of either of the champions. They have both 
last two tournaments, in been demoted to fourth seeds. 
France in 1984 and in Mexico The draw, which wiU em- 
UU5 summer. 

one in Mexico when the draw 
Tor the European Champion- 
ship is made in Frankfurt 
todsy. The odds are that 
Bobby Robson’s side will be 
asked to visit distant, uninvit- 
ing cities on the Continent 
over the next two years. 

England's destiny, which 
will lie in the hands of two 1Q- 
year-olds, has been severely 
limited by the seeding com- 
mittee of UEFA. They lifted 
the nation whose domestic 
dubs they have banned from 
European competitions into 
the top group and convenient- 
ly for away from potential 
crowd trouble spots. 

In linking England with 
Denmark. Belgium, the Neth- 
erlands, France. Spain and 
Portugal, the committee have 
built a diplomatic bridge of 
peace from the shores of the 
North Sea deep into Western 
Europe. England's notoriously 
violent followers will thus 
either be contained wi thin the 
United Kingdom or forced to 
make lengthy, expensive and 
unattractive journeys to the 

The seed Logs are supposedly 
based on recent performances 
in the qualifying stages of the 
World Cup and the European 
Championship, but the case 1 
for including Netherlands 

Even though the Soviet 
Union, who became the first 
champions of Europe in I960, 
Northern Ireland, H unga ry 
Md Bulgaria made their way 
throngh to this summer’s 


GROUP ONE: England. Denmark, 

. Portugal, Netherlands, Bat- 

IP TWO: Soviet Union, North* 
em Ireland, Romania, Sweden, 

Hungary, Wales. Bulgaria. 

GROUP THREE: Austria, 
eiavia, Czechoslovakia, East 
many, Poland, Switzerland, 

Republic of Ireland. 

GROUP FOUR: Scotland. Greece. 

Finland, Norway, Italy, Turkey, 

Alban ia. 

GROUP FIVE: loetend, Malta, 

Cyprus, Luxembourg. 

World Cup finals, they are all 
included among the second 
seeds. So are Romania, who 
were one of the eight finalists 
in France 18 months ago. 

Poland, who were elevated 
by FIFA to the top shelf in 

Mexico, have been lowered by 

UEFA to the third group. Yet . UEFA, 
the most notable anomalies 
concern the c laims of Scot- 
land, whose recent record in 
the global tournament is snpe- 

Still returns to 
scene of glory 

Non-League football by Pul Newman 

brace all 54 members of 
UEFA except Liechtenstein 
and West Germany, who qual- 
ify automatically as hosts, will 
produce four groups of five 
countries and three groups of 
four. Although England's 
neighbours in the first seed 
have been eliminated from the 
Ust of dangerous possibilities, 
some fearsome risks of hooli- 
ganism remain. 

England could, for instance, 
be asked to travel to such 
sensitive areas as Northern 
Ireland. Switzerland, Italy and 
Luxembourg. After extensive 
damage was caused to the 
capital city some four years 
ago, the officials of Luxem- 
bourg stated that they would 
never again welcome fixtures 
against representatives from 
England. Their policy has 
since been relaxed. 

England could also be 
thrown in with three other 
countries from the British 
Isles, but they are more likely 
to meet several opponents 
from beyond the Iron Curtain. 

for example, would 
not be displeased if the draw-' 
featured a group containing 
England, Bulgaria, East Ger- 
many, Albania and Iceland. 

Dixon: hopes to be fit for England's match in Tel Aviv 

John Still, who has been 
appointed manager of 
Leytonstone-nford for the sec- 
ond time, is having to rebuild 
the VauxJhall-Opel League 
dub's team after the departure 
of all but four of their players. 
Only Downer, Kane. Pbeio and 
Simmonds have stayed at the 
dub after the dismissal last 
week of Trevor Harvey, who 
had been manager since last 

Leytonstone-Ilford were ide- 
ated frt 

premier di- Still said yesterday. "In the end 
if last season I decided to go back because 
the atmosphere has changed a 
lot since I left and the dub are 
now very keen to pro gr e s s. We 
really want to get into the Gola 
League." SliD has taken with 
him his Dartfotd management 
team of George Dudley (assis- 
tant) and Jimmy Paine (physio- 

from the premier di- 
vision at the end of last season 
and Harvey, who had become 
available idler resigning as 
manager of Bishop's Stombid,. 
assembled a completely new 
team within the space of a few 
weeks. Since his appointment 
be had experimented with' 
more than SO players. The 
team bad struggled in the early -therapist), 
stages of the season in front of 
gates of less than 100, but in re- 
cent weeks they had shown 
some consistency and had 
moved out of the first division 
relegation zone. 

Harvey said yesterday: “I 
believe we were just turning the 
comer and I fed I’ve been 
treated terribly. I would never 
want to go to a dub that had 
anyone from Leytoostone- 
Dfortrs committee anywhere 
near it." 

Still's appointment came im- 
mediately after Harvey's dis- 
missal. Still bad become 
available after his resignation 
from Dartford last month. He 
returns to a dub where he had 
great success in his first job as 
a manager. A former player 
with Both the Leytonstone and 
Ilford dubs, be became the first 
manager after their amal- 
gamation in 1979. 

During four seasons as man- 
ager be won the premier and 
first division championships, 
the London Senior Cup (twice), 
the league cup (twice) and the 

county cup (twice). He left 
three years ago, unhappy with 
the dub's lack of ambition, and 
joined Dartford, whom he took 
into the Gola T^agna. where 
they finished third last season. 
He left Dartford after being 
told to cut their waj£ bill by 45 
per cent and to make every 
player available for transfer. 

"1 thought long and hard 
about Leytonstone-Hfonfs of- 
fer because I was talking to. 
several other dubs as well," 


recovering England ambition 

spurs Dixon on 

Liv e rpool hope their injury 
situation w01 have improved for 
tomorrow’s visit to York City in 
the fifth round of the FA Cap. 
Their player-manager, Kenny 
Dalglish, expects Steve Mc- 
Mahon to be fit, and Pud 
Walsh and Gary Gillespie also 
have a chance of playing. 

Mark Seagraves made his 
debut for the first team against 
Queen's Park Rangers In the 
Milk Cnp semMiiial first leg 
match at Loftns Road on 
Wednesday night in place of 
Gillspie, but is now likely to 
slip back into the Anfidd 

By restri ct i ng Rangers to a 
single goal, scored by Terry 
Fenwick after 24 minute, 
Liverpool are confident they 
ran a gain challenge for Ua 
trophy they have already lifted 

try rarne ipnysio- ^ times hi the 

Leytonstone-Ilford have had 
severe financial problems in 
recent years, but they have 
been eased by the sale of the 
ground. Next season the dub 
will share Walthamstow 
Avenue's ground:'. 

Money is available to bring 
in new players and Still has 
been bdsy in the transfer 
market. Mallett, a goalkeeper, 
has been bought from Dartford 
fix- £2,000 and Tony Dudley, 
the assistant manager's son, has 
come from Waiting Street on a 
free transfer. Still hopes to 
complete the stoning of three 
more of his former players, 
Dingwall, Pamphlet! and 
Robinson, by the weekend. 

Harvey has quickly found a 
new post, having taken over as 
manager of Woodford Town 
(Southern League southern di- 
vision). Lyndon Lynch and 
Dave Dickens, his coach and 
physiotherapist respectively at 
Leyton ston e-Ilford, and four 
players, Bradford, Staunton, 
Charles and Levy, have all 
rejoined him. 

Dalglish does not consider 
that be took a gamble to 
playing Seagraves. “It was a 
big occasion lor him to come in, 
bat he has been (ranting with 
the lint team for a few weeks 
and 1 didn't have any dashes 
about Ms ch ara cter ." he said. 

Looking ahead to the Mflk 
Cnp retea against Rangers, 
Dalglish said yesterday: “The 
potatunce last night was, 
better than the result. The lads 
were not happy bang, bat we 
created the sort of chances well 
be tookmg liar in die second 

Dalghsh blamed Rangers* 
plastic pitch for Liverpool's 
failure to score, Ini con ceded: 
“Taking erey thing Into mini Id 
eration the performance was as 
good as we have had at Lotas 

Rangers* manager, Jim 
Smith, acknowledged: “Going 
to Liverpool with only a single 
goal lead is a difficult task, bat 
we went to Chelsea in the 
quarter final with no advantage 
at all and won." 

Kerry Dixon, the Chelsea 
and England forward, has been 
given the all-clear to resume 
his World Cup campaign. The 
squad for the friendly mter- 
nationaJ in Israel on February 
26 will be named on Monday 
and although Dixon has not 
locked a ball since being 
carried off four games ago, 
John Hollins, the Chelsea 
manager, said: "He'll be okay 
for England." 

Dixon tore a stomach muscle 
in Chelsea's FA Cup defeat by 
Liverpool but is anxious to 
play m the World Clip warm- 
up match in Tel Aviv. Hollins 
said' "He’ll be there. He is 
recovering very well and has 
started running. The next step' 
is to get him sprinting. Then 
he*0 be ready to play. 

However, although several of 
Chelsea's other injured players 
are also on the mend, Hollins 
is still determined to buy 
reinforcements after seeing his 
team knocked out of both cups 
and take only one point from 
two home League games. "A 
stoning is imminent," said 
Hollins, but he may not start 
doing business until next week 
because Chelsea do not have a 

League match this weekend. 

Instead they win play a 
friendly at Glasgow Rangers 
today and will use the game to 
have a look at two youngsters, 
Willie Watson and Phil Priest. 
Kevin McAllister, who missed 
Saturday's defeat by Oxford at 
Stamford Bridge with a bruised 
side; has recovered sufficiently 





Ted Croker, the secretary of 
the Football Association, has 
accused the Manchester United 
manager, Ron Atkinson, of 
sensationalizing last Saturday's 
violence at Anfield. Atkinson 
said Liverpool's ground had 
become a beil-hoie for visiting 
teams after his players had 
been showered with a poten- 
tially disabling spray when they 
arrived at Anfield. He said a 
player could get killed there. 

A brick, thrown by a 
hooligan, had struck a window 
of United's coach, next to 
where the forward Mark 
Hughes was sitting, and during 
the match United's bench had 
been continually spat at 
But Croker said yesterday: 
"Ron Atkinson got himself 
involved in some vety emotive 
statements. They made impres- 
sive headlines but they were 
totally without foundation." 
Croker. speaking on TV-AM. 
said the Anfield incidents were 
“exaggerated out of all 
proportion". “There was one 
person with one can. but 
unfortunately responsible peo- 
ple from within the clubs got 
involved," he said. “That 
disturbs me more than the 
incident itself." 

Croker said that Govern- 
ment. police and football dub 
policies were beating the hooli- 
gan problem. He said: “The 
vast majority deplore this. I 
don't want people to think I 
have my head in the sand; 1 
haven't. We know there are 
problems but they exist in all 
aspects of life today." 

United get 
in Europe 

Manchester Uni Led are the 
first FngUih dub to confirm a 
date for a match in Europe 
since the ban on clubs was 
lifted to allow friendly matches. 
United will play a friendly in 
Italy against AC Milan at the 
San Sira Stadium on April 29. 

Martin Edwards, the Man- 
chester United chairman, 
agreed the details in Italy 
yesterday. “We owe them a 
match as pan of the deal that 
took Ray Wilkins to AC Milan. 
We decided to fit it in and wait 
no longer." he said. 

“It will be an ideal opportu- 

Words can be as 
damaging as 
deplorable deeds 

Ron Atkinson, the Man- 
chester United manager, has 
this week given his name to a 
tabloid newspaper attack on 
Liverpool supporters, follow- 
ing last Sunday's incident, 
under a headline screaming: "I 
Hate Anfield". He is thereby a 
contributor to the escalation of 
thedtsiorted emotions which 



root o r crowd 

_ , . - nitv for the Italians to give our 

to play at Ihrox. Although Joe payers a courteous welcome. 
McLaughlin, Keith Dublin and We would not expect any of 

.Colin Lee win miss the trip, 

• The Barnsley manager. Allan 
Clarke, has sent all the Gakwell 
playing staff home to try to 
flop the spread of a virus 
which has struck down five 
ptayers mid pot in doubt 
tomorrow's Yorkshire derby at 
Leeds. "We desperately want to 
play because we have had only 
one game since mid-January," 
Clarke said. "We have told 
Leeds and the Football League 
of the position." 

• Peterborough's players are 

preparing for tomorrow's FA 
Cup tie against Brighton by 
travelling to Leicester to tram 
in City's indoor gym. The 90- 
mUe round trip has been 
necessary because 

Peterborough's training facil- 
ities are frozen. 

Scots nearer solution 

The nine "rebel" dubs who 
have threatened to form a 
breakaway league next season 
appear to have reached a 
compromise with the Scottish 
on the main stumbling 
of promotion and rctega- 

ti0n * The new deal is also likely 
to satisfy the 28 first and 
second division dubs. 

At the end of this season two 
first division dubs would be 

promoted to make a premier 
division of 12 teams. The 
following season two dubs 
would be relegated and one 
promoted, which would result 
m a league of 1 1 dubs for one 
year. In 1987-88 season two 
dubs would be relegated and 
one promoted, restoring the 
premier division to its anginal 
form of 10 dubs. After that, the 
system would operate on a one- 
up, one-down basis. 

expect any 

our fans to go over for the 
game and will not be selling 
tickets." The Italian club still 
owe United £250,000 from the 
£1 million transfer of Wilkins. 
Edwards added: "AC Milan 
have said they will pay ns that 
overdue money by March 31 at 
the latest.” 

John Deacon, the chairman 
of Portsmouth, is sending the 
dub's solidtor to Milan to sort 
out the financial dispute over 
Mark Hate ley. AC- Milan still 
owe £450,000 for the England 
forward, who joined the Italian 
dub for just under £1 million 
in 1984. 

Milan, who reportedly have 
debts of £15 million, are 
several weeks behind with a 
£150.000 instalment on the 
money still owed for Halriey, 
but Deacon is hope fill of 
sorting out the situation follow- 
ing the news that Milan have 
been taken over. 

Deacon dismissed reports 
that he would be demanding all 
the money back or insisting 
that Hateley be returned to 
Portsmouth. He said: "We bad 
a telephone call from the 
secretary of AC Milan confirm- 
ing that a new owner bad taken 
over. Following that news, we 
have made arrangements for 
our solidtor to fly out there to 
meet the new owner and try to 
sort out the matter." 

lie at the 

The reactions of Manches- 
ter United have been almost: 
more excessive and deplorable 
than the single act of lunacy by 
someone with a spray cannis- 
ter. The FA would like to 
censure Atkinson but are 
aware that in the question of 
newspaper stories they are 
chasing their own tail within 
the hurricane of a circulation 

It is unfortunate, however, 
that the FA continue to tread 
softly on straightforward dis- 
cipline. Bryan Robson should 
have been fined, if not sus- 
pended, for mocking the refer- 
ee when sent off at 
Sander land, and Atkinson 
should have been warned, yet 
a gain, for brin ging the gam? 
into disrepute for dainung, in 
a previous article, that Robson 
was innocent. It is nonsense, 
given the dre ams la nces of a 
national crisis of behaviour, to 
give the excuse of Robson 
being under pressure. 

Making our football stadia 
safe from inferno with some 
additional certificates on fire 
regulations, as the PoppleweU 
Report has done, is a simple 
matter. It is less easy to make 
stadia safe from the inferno of 
human malevolence. 

Did the football authorities 
sincerely believe, a mere eight 
months after Brussels, that 
our national disease was some- 
how miraculously cured, that 
Europe should rush to wel- 
come back our dubs? The 
surprise, frankly, about the 
attack on Manchester 
United's players at Anfield is 
that it had not happened, 
somewhere, earlier in the sea- 
son. We have hardly begun, 
socially, to come to terms with 
the fundamental causes of the 
Heysel disaster, whatever the 
encouraging improvement 
there has been at many 

What should concern os is 
that today we shall know, 
when the European Champi- 
onship draw is made, which 
foreign rides are to be inflicted 
with the visit of English 
marauders masquerading as 
football fans, an occurrence 
which the Popple well Report 
had no brief to consider and 
with which the Home Office 
and Foreign Office seem reluc- 
tant properly to come to grips. 

There are some in football 
already trying to pretend the 
Heysel shame did not really 
happen. Our dubs, if permit- 
ted, could not get back into 
European competition fast 
enough. There are moments 
when they seem more con- 
cerned in counting the money 
than the dead. 

Charlton is the 
better choice 

A noisy argument developed 
between Jack Chariton and 
the Irish press at his formal 
introduction following his ap- 
pointment as Repablic team 

He took exception; justifi- 
ably. to questions directed at 
his chairman about alleged 
improper behaviour over the 
offer to Bob Paisley and the 
subsequent voting. When emo- 
tions cook 1 think the Press 
and public will be glad to have 
Charlton and not Paisley. 

With res pea to Uncle Bob, l 
do not think his nature, and 
age, would have been right for 
the international job. If any- 
one is going to get the Republic 
to fulfil their potential, 
Charlton is the man. 

Threat to football 
and Samaranch 

Trouble is brewing, I fear, 
for Juan Antonio Samaranch, 
president of the International 
Olympic Committee, with the 
executive board's approval 
yesterday of the new eligibility 
code to be put before the 
session in October. It could 
cost Samaranch the election 
should be decide to go for a 
third term of office in 1989. 

The new definition will ac- 
cept any professional, provid- 
ed he/she is individually 
approved by the respective 
international federation. The 
International Tenuis Federa- 
tion believe it will in fact 
strengthen their bold on play- 
ers, obliging them to conform 
if they wish to take part in the 
Olympics — for which, of 
course, there is no payment — 
though tbe prospect of typical 
tennis behaviour being trans- 
ferred to the Olympic Games 
would make Coubertin turn in 
his grave. 

FIFA, however, are unlikely 
to come to heeL While Prim© 
Nelrfolo is trying to make the 
world championships of ath- 
letics bigger than the Olym- 
;pics, the World Cup in football 
jis vastly more important than 
the Olympic football tourna- 

Joao Havelange, FIFA's 
ipresidenL has tried to main- 
tain an artificial suppression 
of a professional Olympic 
tournament by imposing an 
age limit or a ban on previous ■ 
World Cup participants. He 
■does not want a rival to the 
World Cup. 

_ Yet if FIFA refuse to fall in 
line with the eligibility ruling . 
and to accept all professionals, 
the IOC will threaten the 
removal of football from the 
Olympic programme. This 
would bring Havelange and 
Samaranch, the two most pow- 
erful men in sport, into direct 
confrontation, with all the 
Latin American IOC votes 
riding on the issue. 


Russians in control 

Turin (Reuter) — The Soviet 
lion dominated a triangular 
ioor athletics meeting 
linsa Italy and Yugoslavia, 
aning 18 of tbe 21 events, 
e young Soviet team were 
xessfiU in 10 of the 12 male 
mts and eight of the nine 
aale events. 

mpressive Russian wins co- 
ded those by shot putter 
lis Bo jars, with a throw of 
84 metres, triple jumper 
iris Bruziks, with an effort of 
6 metres, and high jumper 
•xander Kotov ich, who 
cbed 2.30 metres. 

XL SCORES; Man= S wW Un* ”*? 
r s*44 Ha*y beal YugaslwJa 62-37. 
«( Union beat Yugoslavia 66 - 30 . 
non: Sow* 

, (mat Yugoslavia BS-45, Sovwl Urton 
i Yuqosiaifia 78-49. 

• Two Olympic champions, 
men's high jumper Dfetmar 
Moegenburg and women's shot 
putter Claudia Loscfa, head the 
West German team lor the 
European indoor champion- 
ships in Madrid on February 
22 and 23. 

TEAM: Man: 60 mPtnaA KnoMouv 
200k: N DobeML 400m: K Just J 
KMBsr. 600m: P Braun, A Hamm, j 
VkWhoven. -L500 mc U Uoertwmww. R 
Thau. 3.000m: T Mfecsinghma. P Belgar. 
60m MirBm: M Radzay. NgO Jmw C 
Thraenhardt D Moogenbum. Q Nig*. 
Pola mult H SchnKft. Lens Jwv D 
Hast Triple Jump: W Knobs. sfiofcK 
Brtz, U Geftausen. P Kassutwk. 
WOOSK SOBB H GaugoL M HJrach. 
an: U TMfflm. 40S1 «b: U TMrnm. G 
MnzaL A Ortst 3 ,OOObc V Mfcfta**, B 
Kraus. 60m tunflam U Dank. E Char. S 
Brain. High pu H Radauky. B 
HotzapM. Loog tamp: S Braun. J tegs. 
M HJrach. Shat Clinch. P LaUngar, 3 


Canadians to 
on Irish turf 


Polonia nearer to title 

By Paul Harrison 

•Ionia seem already to have 
hand on the Royal Bank 
i$h I.yagm- title after their 
victory over Speedwell 
m or, their closest rivals, m 
ol last weekend, 
eedwell must now win at- 
ilia's west London home 
t in the return on February 
j have a of taking 
championship from the 
•rs. The odds seem to be 
led in PoJonia's favour, yet 
ry at least favours Speed- 
Polonia have won on the 
three occasions they have 
sd Speedwell in the league. 
Speedwell have beaten 
oia on their last two v** 1 ®- 
at will comfort Sieve 
i, the Speedwell coach. 

Sunday’s defeat- We 
ed Polonia tbe first set on 
te and that really decided 
natch," he said ^ 

> of the worst volleyball we 

played this _ sesson- 
iia were certainly 
ircd. They had watched 

> recordings of that - QPP°: 

in action and vweia 
bt for the throat, raring «*- 

a 94) lead before Speedwell 

Polonia went on to lead by 
two sets to nil, then Speedweti 
fought bock, levelling at 2-2 
before the Poles from London 
took the deciding set 15-12. 
The result left Polonia as the 
only undefeated team m the 
first division, level on points 
with Speedwell but with a game 
in hand. Speedwell, however, 
have dropped fewer sets, only 
eight all season. PokMua’s cause, 
was also helped by a 3*0 defeat 
of Dragonara Leeds at home on 

^SpeMwell concentrate this 
weekend on the Royal Bank 
Cup, which they hold. They 
fees a local derby .against 
Redwood Lodge, of Bristol at 
Bath, with a place “foe 
ai Crystal Palace in May as the 
arize. At least in the cup they 
io not have to worry about 
Polonia. who were defeated by 
Radio Trent Rockets , or foe 
second division, in the last 
round. Rockett now come up 
against Capital Oty Bnxton m 
the other semi-finaL , 

By Joyce Whitehead 

The top 12 nations of foe 
world have set their sights on 
foe women's World Cup in 
July in Amsterdam but there is 
also a match at Wembley 
Stadium, the Mecca of all 
international teams. Even 
though it is a grass pitch, a 
.surface now out of date, foe 
atmosphere is unique and 
Canada are England's oppo- 
nents on March 15. 

Canada flew in and out of 
Heathrow this week en route 
for Dublin at tbe start of a six- 
week tour which ends in tbe 
USSR. To prepare for foe 
match at Wembley they are 
playing five matches in Ireland, 
four of them on grass. This has 
posed a problem for the Irish, 
■who normally play on fine 
artificial pitches. 

Guinness Breweries have 
come to their aid and have 
brought io a golf green-keeper 
to get their grass pitches in 
Leinster Ulster and Munster 
up to firsi-dass condition for 
the matches next Wednesday, 
Thursday and Friday. 

GB call 27 
to training 

Tbe Great Britain Men’s 
Hockey Board have invited 27 
players for a training weekend 
at Li lies hall from February 21 
to February 23 (Sydney Frisian 

The purpose of foe exercise 
is to prepare and select a squad 
of 16 to rep res e n t Britain in the 
Champions’ Trophy tour- 
nament to be held in Karachi 
from April 4 to April 11. 

SQUAD (England unless Kate*: 3 
BafcMor. P BKtor. K Sboua, P 
Com (SrodWKfl. B Cudfll 
R Dodds, J OutHK, D 
A Fonts. II OtWey. N 
HuflhN. S Kariy, K Knapp (Scotland), ft 
1mm, ft tfefa (fi MandL W 
IfcComl M Man*. V ftaphlSa* 
tondt J Potter, D Potter (Scotland), 8 
r*m (W«ml 8 ne wte n ds. j Stow, l 
Stanmi. M SfeM* 9* Intexfi. 0 
8mdm I Ujte. 

{ England’s outstanding footballer recovers from his most traumatic period 

Trial by ordeal for England’s captain 

These are interesting times for 
Bryan Robson, if only in the sense of 
the Chinese proverb which wishes 
that one's enemies should live in 
interesting times. A frustrating 12 
months, beginning with a shoulder 
injury freakishly sustained, have 
culminated in a depressing last 

After a further four-month absence 
with leg injuries, his comeback game 
at Sunderland was cut short when he 
was sent off for the first time in his ca- 
reer. More bad news followed a week 
later at West Ham, where, after an 
auspicious start, his goal having given 
Manchester United the lead, things 
again turned sour. He suffered anoth- 
er injury, turning over his ankle, and 
West Ham won to prevent United' 
returning to the top of the table, a 
position they had lost for the first 
time this season the previous day. 

At 29, for the first time in his 
footballing life the England captain is 
suddenly seeing the dark side of the 
game. England's most expensive foot- 
baller, long acclaimed as the country’s _ 
only outndd player of undoubted 
world class, a player of thrilling 
physical commitment on the field, 
and every inch the model schoolboy 
hero off it, he has not previously been 
a target for criticism. 

His run of injuries, which began 
when he crashed into a metal- 
container behind the goal while in 
typical fearless pursuit of a high cross, 
and in particular the slowness of his 
recovery from his leg injury which 
was treated in an Amsterdam riinic, 
has prompted wounding speculation 
about the prospects for his long-term 
fitness. Some critics had even ques- 
tioned his form in the autumn, and 
the long lay-off produced predictions 
from some quarters that he would 
never again be the same player. 

The most biting attacks followed 
his sending-off. The FA removed the 
threat that he would be charged with 
bringing (be game into disrepute, but. 
England's hero had suddenly become 
a target for critics. 

Robson: absence made' more frustrating by excess of physical exuberance 

His manager, Ron Atkinson, was 
provoked to assert that Robson "has 
been set up for our favourite Mood 
sport Creating a sporting hero... just 
for the sheer beU of kicking him." 

Atkinson may have been over- 
sensitive, and his comparison be- 
tween his player and Ian Botham was 
hardly bdpniL The cricketer has 
given some hostages to fortune, while. 
Robson's behaviour on and off the 
field has been exemplary until now. 

A very physical player, he had 
never overstepped the bounds, as his 
disciplinary record reveals. And off 
the field, if he has any serious vices, 
they have escaped the notice of the 
Press, to whom he is unfailingly 
pleasant and helpful in spite of the 
constant demands on his time. 

His spare time is spent with his 
family or doing advertising and 
promotion work, which he sees as his 
possible directum after football He 

Iras an interest in a nightclub — in 
Bury — but he has never been 
involved in a scuffle in one, and there 
has never been a breath of scandal 
about his private or social life. 

But for all his polite openness, 
there is a reserve about Robson, 
suggesting there is still some un- 
plumbed depths. He generally keeps 
his emotions hidden, but the doubts 
and the criticism are a new experience 
for him and it will be instructive to 
see his response. 

There are suspicions that the 
frustrations of his current difficulties 
may be getting to him. The television 
evidence of his sending-off at Sunder- 
land was inconclusive - the critic 
who used it to lambast Robson either 
has outstanding eyesight or a vivid 
imagination — but his angry pursuit 
of the referee after an earlier incident 
and his hot response to Jimmy HiH’s> 
criticism were both uncharacteristic. 

United's relative decline may have, 
played its pan, for Robson's hunger 
for the League title has been much 
remarked on in football circles. What ' 
is undoubted is that his constant; 
absence with injury this year has been 
excessively frustrating for a player of 
his physical exuberance. 

Robson admits that psychological- 
ly his shoulder injury might have 
taken its toll on his performances at 
the end of last season when he 
returned before the injury was folly 
healed, but he was surprised at 
criticism of his play early this season 
when he took on a new role lo fit a dif- 
ferent formation. 

“I was sitting back more io let 
Norman Whiteside go forward, but I 
was enjoying it and I fell I was playing 
belter than ever. Ron Atkinson and' 
Bobby Robson were pleased with 

He also discounts the fears that he 
is a crock, and denies that the 
pressures are getting to him. “I leanu 
a long time ago not to take loo much 
notice of what TV and the papers say.- 
If you don't learn to ignore them, T 
don't ihink you can survive at this 
level. My family have got their health,' 
which is what matters to me, and I 
love my football. 

"All that footballers want to do is- 
go out and play football and the main 
driving force for me at the moment i$ 
just to play regularly. 1 am excited 
about the prospects, we have got the 
three biggest tournaments with the' 
FA Cup, the League championship 
and then the World Cup to go for, 2nd. 
this is a nice time to be coming back- 
to build up to the climax of the- 

As his ankle injury is less serious 
lhan it initially appeared. Robson 
should be back as soon as he 
completes his two-match baa From 
Bobby Robson down, everyone con- 
nected with English football must, 
hope that tbe captain confounds his 

Peter Bal{ 













































12 . 



.- IICI 

C lak 



»r n the 

ini*-, sen 

;* e 

S' 206 

Sh ‘ side 

it • 







I. 0 
if i he ■ 

2. Or: 



















y Infc 
and or 


. ing f 

w, "" r Si m 
4* whet 
Dunna I poses 
nghiriih iiama 



ircoxcm F 

5. Tax a direct 
The chan reseai 
protir > a mate 
cumpn foothl 
I's then: 
Dcfr was g 
be c 


Earni amithi 
Eamingi i yj, e 
number .. W0(jM 

7. Dnid.Sid* a 
Included ifected 
compamc'S ports 
oi th Sepn Dr 
have biwngg Q||y 

-it » 
the fi 
& Tan&ifctear ai 

Land and \ -tyi 

this pr 



Dtt,rcuJ heuros 
Nc! buuk xUSAB 

Mi** *ind first t 
Com that a 


Tool n«i bi 

Included ir 
l«: fnr » 
pronded in 




9. Dtblurs 
Tradx* dcbii.r 
In raped 

rtllwr out to 
Sundn dchilO be 
brokers ond d 
P«vpj> (tii-n i d i lions 
Amounts i ns. rouble 

after morcLeeds 1 



10. Inswap Mi 1 !* 

MarkeuWv.- sJ£?/K} 


Mmiul fund] * 
rorn \ 

heir r 
heir n 

Mariu.*! xalue 8ut ’ 


11. CVidtaP r 1 J ,a 
ial Amounts na * m B 

Banl lMnsJT!P^ Cn ' 


Great expectations for Rousillon 

By Michael Phillips 

While racing has been 
' brought to a standstill by the 
• current freeze-up. life is 
'warming up on the studs with 
! ihc arrival of early foals. And 

will become a great deal 
“■more hectic after Saturday 
when the new covering sea- 
son begins. 

. An appraisal of the young 
horses taking up stud duties 
for the first time this year 
reveals that no one is entitled 
to look forward to the new 
breeding season more than 
the successful Saudi business- 
man Prince Khaled Abdulla, 
whose green, pink and while 
racing silks have become very 
much part of our racing life 
since 1 9S0 when Known Fact 
gave him his first taste of 
' success in a classic. During 
the past three years those 
; same colours were carried 
with distinction by both 
Rousillon and Rainbow 

Now the time has come tor 
those two fine equine athletes 
to attempt to pass on their 
own excellence. Such is the 
lottery of bloodstock breeding 
no one can be sure that they 
will succeed. Both are assured 
of the best possible start 
. though. 

.As the staff of our National 
.Stud mourn the loss of Mill 
Reef they can at least console 
themselves with the knowl- 
edge that they have a realty 
exciting new resident in 
Rousillon who. by pure 
chance, happens to be a 
grandson of Mill Reefs sire. 
Never Bend. 

Sadly for European breed- 
ers it did not take long to 
realise that the French had 
erred badly when they al- 
lowed Riverman. Rousilion’s 
sire, to be exported to the 
Untied States in 1980 to 
stand on the Gainesway form 
in Kentucky. 

Hindsight has shown that 
France's loss was undoubted- 
ly America’s gain. So we are 
indeed fortunate that Prince 
Khaled decided to syndicate 
Rousillon and stand him at 
Newmarket with the Nation- 
al Stud investing in five 
shares. Rousillon was a 
racehorse with fire in his 
belly and I am not remotely 
surprised that his shares and 
nominations have changed 
hands like hot-cakes. He 
looks a good bet to succeed 
as a stallion. As a racehorse 


? r,r ? ..: r : 

fSFpZiA-f'n* v .. • '•>- « 

foj »*.$;’ Of" ! ' • •• .; V 

■J -; * •. ; 

had finished his canvassing 
the horse was over subscribed 
two-fold to go to the Bacton 
Stud in Herefordshire. 

By a good son of the 
legendary Northern Dancer, 
out of a mare by Sir Ivor. 
Bairn will appeal at £6,000 
no foal no fee, more so. I sus- 
pect than his owner Sheikh 
Mohammed's other horse 
Local Suitor, who has been 
retired to the Soraeries Stud 
at double that price. 

Although Local Suitor was 
riendy gi 

Rousillon, who had few peers in top-class mile events. 

he had few peers over seven 
furlongs and a mile. 

In deciding to keep Rain- 
bow Quest in this country 
and stand him on his own 
Juddmonle Stud, near 
Wargrave-on-Thames in 
Berkshire. Prince Khaled has 
done British breeders a fur- 
ther service. Like Rousillon 
he was a top class racehorse, 
but arguably the more versa- 
tile. Also purists would say 
that be has the more appeal- 
ing bottom line in his 
pedigree. Not that that is a 
prerequisite as admirers of 
Shirley Heights will be quick 
to point out 

My memory of Rainbow 
Quest is one of a flamboyant 
mover who was blessed with 

the speed to excel over seven 
furlongs or a mile, and the 
stamina to succeed at the 
highest level over a mile and 
a half. With Blushing Groom, 
Red God and Nasrullah in 
the top half and Herbager, 
Raise A Native and Native 
Dancer in the bottom half of 
his pedigree, he combines the 
best of all worlds. 

Apart from Khaled 
Abdulla, I can think of no 
other person who will be 
looking forward to the new 
breeding season more than 
Rhydian Morgan-Jones, the 
mana g in g director of Thor- 
oughbred Management Ser- 

For apart from organising 
the syndication of Rousillon, 

his relatively newly-formed 
London-based company is 
also managing the affairs of 
Bairn, Never So Bold, 
Norwich and Siberian Ex- 
press, alt new to the ranks of 

While syndicating Never 
So Bold in the middle of that 
triumphant sprinting season 
last year to stand on the 
Brook Stud would have been 
child's play to have suddenly 
been placed with the order to 
do likewise with Bairn, as 
late as January, can not have 
been easy in view of fierce 
competition from the Irish 
National Stud. 

But Morgan-Jones did it in 
the space of ten days and 
what is more by the time he 

sufficiently gifted at home to 
inspire his trainer, Dick 
Hem. to say in the spring of 
last year that he was bis best 
hope of winning the 2,000 
Guineas since Brigadier Ge- 
rard the fact remains Local 
Suitor was never seen again 
in public after running badly 
in the Craven Stakes first 
time out as a three-year-old. 
So be retired with a question 
mark over his head as did 
Claude Monet, who never 
fulfilled Daniel Wildenstein's 
hopes and expectations be- 
cause of a breathing problem. 

But at £2.500 no foal no 
fee some will be happy to 
take a chance with Claude 
Monet on the Derisley Wood 
Suid bearing in mind the fact 
that be is by the American 
champion Affirmed, out of 
that nigh-class mare Maddia, 
who is by Caro. 

Talking of Caro, whose son 
Cozzene was one of the stars 
of the show during last year's 
Breeders Cup series, Siberian 
Express, another of his sons, 
is already assured of a foil 
book also on the Derisley 
Wood Stud. 

In Ireland, where that 
colossal operation at 
Coolmore has been expanded 
still further by the addition of 
both Commanche Run and 
Law Society, the Aga Khan's 
Ballymany Stud, on the edge 
of the Curragh, has also got a 
double injection of new 
blood with the arrival of 
Mouktar along with 

Finally, with the passing of 
Mill Reef Sonia Rogers now 
has an additional reason to 
be pleased with her shrewd 
decision to stand that great 
horse's son King of Clubs on 
her Airiie Stud, which be- 
came a cornerstone of Irish 
breeding under the guidance 
of her late husband, Tim, and 
is happily remaining so under 
her direction. 

Newnes set for return in July 

Banned Jockey Billy Newnes 
wiil be back in the saddle from 
July, and riding as No 1 jockey 
"for trainer Henry Candy. The 
Jockey Club yesterday an- 
nonoced it had cm short the 
three-year ban less than 24 
boars after its disciplinary 
committee heard an appeal by 
the former champion appren- 

Newnes was banned to Jana- 
ary. 1984 for three years for 
accepting a bribe. 

Newnes^tged 26, who heard 
the news from trainer Candy 
yesterday morai ng , s a i d: “I feel 
good. It is a good result- They 
don't win. I don’t win. I'm quite 
and looking forward to 
back to raring.” 

* The Jockey Club statement 
said: “Having given Mr 
Newnes* application fall 
consideration the committee 

decided that his disqualification 
will be withdrawn as from July 
1, 1986 at which tune he may 
appy to the licensing co mmitte e 
of the Jockey Chib. 

As a resalt Newnes will miss 
the first half of the FUt season 
which includes four of the five 
classics, bnt he vowed be woold 
return “as determined as. 
everJU be fighting for every 
ride, and only time will tdl 
whether 1 wflil find anything 
different this time ronad. 

“It's not been easy over the 
past two yean. It's been an 
experience and I’ve learnt a 
hell of a lot. After yesterday's 
hearing I didn't know what to 
expect The Jockey Cfeb 
weren't going to lie down in 
defeat. They were under pres- 
sure. The press and public were 
behind me. Their support has 
been unbelievable.” 

Newnes has worked as 
£5,000 a year stable lad for 
Candy since the ban. imposed 
after be was found guilty of 
accepting a “gift” of £1,000 
from professional gambler 
Harry Bardsley after riding 
Valuable Witness into fifth 
place in the Queens Vase at 
Royal Ascot in Jane. 1983. 
Newnes was said to have told 
Bardsley that the horse, who 
started 9-2 favourite for the 
race, woold not act on the 
prevailing firm ground. 

Gowran Park results 

XNG: yMdng, 

20 (an it hcBeJi. OundSfe Baas ( F 
Berry. 10-1):2. Gwrradana (20-l):3. 

Svoiich (9-4 lav) 19 

00 (2m If hdte)1. Anv F**y (Mr M 

kin Express. 3 L Vrt. II. F Flood 
Grarta»conToWi2.0l;El. 53p. £1-36 
14p. CSF El«2t. 

230 (2m If IkMM. B o rrow Line ( F 
Berry.8- 1 J2. Deep Idol (1-2 lav) 3. Afc*» 
(10-1). 12 ran.Nft-.Banw Sen 2SV. 
2*1.2. P Huohges Carlow. Tom £236; 

Ph*ps3-1fc2. Four Friends ’ (Eras 
taV&Tomsrro (16-1). IB ran.NAuOy 
Ptasrtoa II. <ti. 101. P M J DoyW at 
Tipperery.Tote.E1 46. 40p.l4p.30p. 

CSF34.46 After a stewards nqwy tie 
first iwo pioemgs were reversed 

5.0 (2m If Ham. Above Pert Cardne 
2 Beauty Bun (6-4 ftw*3. 

CuSen 2-\yZ Beauty Run (( 

Suit View Lady (20-1). 16 RanJ4R: 
Ramble Bramble. 6L20MOI. J P 

31|13) 21?*^ n2.64 . 

Kavanagb at Curragfi.Tote: 40p. I8p, 
13p. £438 CSF: £732. 

Candy said yesterday, “I 
thought it was an excellent 
resnlL One wonjd have liked it 
to have been more immediate 
hot any time off is better than 
nothing. He has coped very 
well over the past two years 
and has been in good form. He 
will be back as stable jockey 
from July 1.” 

3.0 (2m 4tcli)1. Bundle Boy] A PowsO. 
20-1)3. Master of Shane (16-10, Over 
The Last l*-7 lav) 13 ran_Nr Paupers 
Son. JPit 2L E J O’Grady at 
Tipperary Totr£7.72- 65p. 25p. 42p.CSF 

330 (2m if hdle)1. Bam Beaut* C 

Chepstow hope 

Swan/7- 1)3. Lmoato g4-i fc3. Clover M 

. (7-4 far) . 20 

raaNR^Vm Em Afl-Muscodova-Squera 
Dancer. 2V> I. nk. *L Capt D Swan at ca 

Tipperary. Tale: £1.18. 22n. 36p, 43p. 
CSF: £94.47. Toqaet £1373.49. 

43 (2m 41 ch)l. Another B rownie ( J P 
Byrne .3-1)3. Tnpto Vsnfcra (25-1)3. 

Dawn Even (16-1). 5-2 tav Otym[ 


Princess 12 ran. 
Souroma.Artfnosta. 8 I. IVr). M McGratfi 
at WaterfordTow : 77p. 31p. 74p, 
70D.CSF- £68.48. 

The prospects for racing 10 
resume in Great Britain depend 
on Chepstow tomorrow. The 
going is soft and the stewards 
will inspect the course at 2pm 
loday.Today's meeting at 
Fakenham was lost to frost. 
Tomorrow’s cards at Windsor 
and Newcastle were called off 
yesterday because of frost and 
snow and at Nottingham the 
prospects are remote. 


First title 
Meo joy 

By Sydney Frisian 

Tony Meo. now preparing to 
meet Steve Newbury in the 
Dulux British Open champion- 
ship at Derby on February 19, 
declared himself ready to meet 
all comers yesterday after bis 9- 
7 victory over Neal Foulds in 
the final of the Tolly Cobbold 
. English professional champion- 
ship at Ipswich on Wednesday 

Afier seven years of total 
commitment as a professional, 
the left-handed Meo won his 
first individual title in the 
United Kingdom and at the 
end of his prolonged struggle 
against Foulds could not hide 
bis emotion. The tears of joy 
soon gave way :o smiles as be 
said: “I had begun to doubt my 
temperament but never my 
ability, and now there is plenty 
in the tank ready to explode. 
Of course. 1 want to win the ti- 
tle; every snooker player does." 

Meo won with a fluent break 
of 94. It was a relief from the 
labours in some of the preced- 
ing frames, both players having 
compromised their positional 
play in order to get their shots. 


22, playing an 

, layn 

important final for tne first 

time in his three-year career as 
a professional, had fought 
too Lb and nail for survival. 
Meo received £18.000 as first 
prize and Foulds £11.000. 
together with a sum of £2.000 
for the highest break of 107. 

ln ™Ihot 

n,h dr 

The c 
lb» b 

one scar. Med tl 

ta* bant* ***■ 

SuKirviirtaie 31 ^ 1 u 
rrest ft. 
-Less ;urrvni us*l hs 

ad be 

But the 'passing of a mile- 
stone in his career meant more 
to Meo than the money. 

FINAL: T M«o M N Fbrids 9-7. Franw 
scores (Meo ftra): 118-12. 39-71. 71^4. 
60-Z 18-70. 42-51. 93-23, 31-53, 67-45. 
42-87. 54-66, 73-46, 58^9. 7830. 67-JO, 

Liddiard banned 

A two-match snspenskm was 

imposed yesterday on David 

liard Oldham'S Australian 
full back, by the Rugby League 
disciplinary committee in 
Ixeds. Liddiard, who made a 
personal appearance, was dis- 
missed for “dangerous kicking” 
in the match Warring- 

ton Ott February 2. 




Professional Games a step nearer 

Lausanne (Reuter) — The 
Executive Board of the Inter- 
national Olympic Committee 
have backed a proposal to 
throw open the summer and 
winter Games to all athletes, 
including currently excluded 
professionals. The 1 1 -member 
board endorsed a plan to give 
“professional and state athletes 
the same opportunity", accord- 
ing to the president, Juan 
Antonio Samaranch. 

Olympic Eligibility Committee 
will be submitted to a 91- 
nation general assembly which 
will decide on the issue in 
Lausanne in October. 

Olympic officials said they 
tpected f 

This was a reference to 
professional athletes in western 
and South American countries, 
many of whom are barred from 
Olympic competition, and the 
state athletes maintained by 
socialist countries for the 
Olympics. The proposal by the 

expected the assembly to adopt 
the proposal and amend the 
Olympic Charter eligibility rule 
with immediate effect. The 
various Internationa] sporting 
federations would then have to 
decide whether to change their 
rules to permit the pro- 
fessionals to compete, the 
officials added. 

“If the change is adopted we 
will tell the international sports 
federations that we will accept 
for Olympic competition all 
athletes whom they propose,” 

Samaranch said. “It will then 
be up to them to decide.” The 
move would pul pressure on 
the various federations to 
remove restrictions that pre- 
vent professional athletes from 
competing in the Olympics. 

Hie International Football 
Federation and the Inter- 
national Ice Hockey Federation 
impose age restrictions and bar 
World Cup or National Hockey 
League players from Olympic 
competition. The board specifi- 
cally approved accepting all 
football, ice hockey and tennis 
players. Samaranch said. Ten- 
nis will return as a full 
Olympic sport at the 1988 
Seoul Games for the first time 
since the 1924 Games in Paris. 

David Mfller page 35 

Pole position 
at Daytona 
for Elliott 

Bill Elliott and Groff Bodine 
will start in pole position in the 
gruelling Daytona 500 on 

Elliott won pole position 
with a qualifying speed of 
205.039 mpb earlier this week 
while Bodine clinched the 
outside place with a lap speed 
of 204.545 mph. 

Further qualifying races will 
decide who else will make up 
42-strong field for Sunday's 
race around the banked oval at 
Daytona International Speed- 
way centre. 


back into 

From Richard Evans 
Boca Raton, Florida 

A winter chill has started to 
nip at the night-time air here 
but it merely seemed to give 
Jimmy Connors the excuse to 
faster, hit harder and 


generally waste as little time as 
possible in beating Steve Den- 
ton 6-2, 6-4 in the first round 
of the Lipion international 
players' championships. 

Connors was a late entry for 
this two-week event. His de- 
cision to play stemmed from a 

quarter-final loss in Memphis 
last week and a realization that 
be needed some match 
practice. “I need to hit some 
balls.” he explained to Rod 
Humphries, a veteran official, 
as be emerged from semi- 
retirement in Texas, where he 
breeds Dobermann pinschers. 

Connors is a pretty tame dog 
these days but, for his oppo- 
nents. there used to be a time 
when there was little to choose 
between feeing a snarling 
Connors on a tennis court or a 
Dobermann off il Both experi- 
ences tended to leave you 
scarred and bloody. 

Connors, who pulled out of 
the Nabisco Masters with flu. 
had not played a grand prix 
event prior to Memphis since 
the Seiko Classic in Tokyo last 
October. Amazingly, one has to 
go back to that same tour- 
nament in 1984 to trace 
Connors' last tournament win. 
Yet such is the man's consis- 
tency that he is still managing 
to hold on to the No 4 spot in 
the ATP world rankings. 

Connors was asked after his 
match if he felt frustrated at 
not being able to win titles any 
more. “No, frustration is the 
wrong word,” he replied. 
“Frustration comes when you 
are young and haven't won 
anything. I have won my share 
and I just try to play to the best 
of my ability.” 

There seems to be no 
thought of imminent retire- 
ment at the age of 33. “I would 
be stupid to walk away from a 
career that still pays me so 
well." he said. 

As so often happens, players 
who scored big upsets in the 
opening round were unable to 
capitalize on the opportunity 
presented by knocking out 
seeds. Chile's Ricardo Acuna, 
who defeated the' No 12 seed. 
Paul Annacone. lost in round 
two to the rugged Californian 
Marty Davis, while Wolfgang 
Popp of West Germany went 
down to the American Glenn 
Layen decker after beating the 
No I6 seed, Scott Davis. 

Scott Davis — unrelated to 
Marty — was a finalist here last 
year and will now suffer a 
heavy fell on the ATP com- 
puter. The same is true for the 
unfortunate Tim Mayotte, who 
was forced to default in the 
final. of the* -US professional 
indoor championships in 
Philadelphia two weeks ago 
with a pulled stomach muscle. 
Mayotte tried to get himself fit 
in time to defend his Upton 
title but was forced -to with- 
draw. • 

That gave rise to one of 
those situations that make up a 
tennis pro’s nightmare. Norm 
ScheUenger, who had fought his 
way through to the penultimate 
round of qualifying, was the 
first in line for the 128-man 
draw. But when Mayotte with- 
drew shortly before his match 
with Leif Shiras was due to be 
called, no one could find 
leflenger. So his place went 
to Bud Cox. who duly went out 
and beat Shiras 6-7. 6-2, 6-4. 

For Scbellenger, who would 
have gained his first precious 
ATP point even if be had lost, 
the news of Cox's success will 
only compound his misery. 
Winning is the hard part; being 
in the right place at the right 
time is etetnemary. No one 
ever had to tefl Jimmy Con- 
nors that 

MOTS StNQL£& Ffcrt muni: J Connors 

W S Damon (US) 6-2. 6-4: J 

_ _ son (Sw*) bt A Janyti (Swe) 6-4. 7- 

8; M Scfnpara (Nath) bt W Scw*xi (US) 
64, 7^; 6 Forget (ft) M 0 Wftaaton (US) 
6-3. 64: M Wander (Swe) bl R Krisfwwn 
8-1. 6-3: M Leach (US) M J Goes 

7-6. 6-c N AMIS (Bra) fat R Nbcon 

'63, 6-2; B &benflJj$ (x D Perez 

i) 63. 63. Second .. 

M M Pinal (US) 6-4, 6-6 A 

i (US fat J Canter (US) 6-1, 60; 

T SfflM (Cr) bt F CancMkrts (W 63. 6-7, 

83: M Davis (US) fat R Acuna tCh) 6-3.5* 

7. 6-2 J Gunrtareson (Swe) W J QurMn 

“ 6-1, 6-4; Y Noah (Fr) M H Sokxnon 
. 4-6. 60. 6-1; B Becker (WG) fat P 
Start (Gz) 64. 54; O Karate (WG) fat T 
6 * 1 . 6*2 


Petaar O^W^McNafl (US) 7-6. 6*2: B 


R Marsicova rcajM. 8* 
r(tgf7*5. 63 


British champion 
omitted from 
team for Geneva 

By John Hennessy 

(US) fat B Herr( 

By a large majority the 
skating of dm 

rifmal Skating Association have 
preferred Sosas Jackson, the 
deposed British champion, to 
Joanne Comray, the new holder 
of the tide, for the world 

championships, bx Geneva next 
month. There was nearly a frill 
master at the committee and ail 
hot a few of the 22 selectors 
voted for Miss Jackson, who. at 
20, is six years the senior. 

She will be accompanied, in a 
desperately thin team, by 
Cheryl Peake and Andrew 
Naylor, ne wc omers to the pairs 
event, and the ice dance 
champions, Sharon Jones and 
Paul AsfchanL. There will be no 
British entry for the men's 
event, becanse Stephen 
P fefca vance, who retained his 
title m November, skated too 
poorly in the European 
championships in Copenhagen 
last month to encourage the 
hope of a worthwhile result in 

Miss Conway win no doubt 
be deeply disappointed, as will 
her trainers in the United 
States, Carlo and Christa 
Fasm; bat she can hardly deny 
that Miss Jackson, after a 
comprehensive defeat in the 
British championships at SoB- 
hnD hi November, bounced 
back with a good deal of 
restfeact to finish seventh in 
the Eu ropean championships, 
fear places ahead of Mbs 
Conway. She thereby took the 
score to 2-1 between tire two 
skaters as she had beaten her 
young challenger in the St Ivel 
International at Richmond in 

At SofilmB Mfes Conway 
had pr ecociously ootseored her 
mere experienced opponent at 
all points, bnt the roles were 
glaringly reversed in Copen- 
hagen. Serious wkhltw in all 
three dements of the com- 
petition no doubt convinced 
most of the selectors that Miss 

Conway was not yet ready Tor 
the big occasion. 

It is an age-oM dilemma in 
sport, whether to pimp for the 
security of experience or ran 
ffce risk of damaging a bnrgeea- 
ing bloom by over-exposure 
before the time b right. It b a 
pity that figure staring has bo 
suitable equhafem to the 

gardener's "hardening of T cold 

Is November Mbs Conway 
seemed a dazriiog prospect (as 
indeed she still is), with sound 

compulsory figures, rock -solid 
command of the required de- 
ments in the hazardous short 
programme, apart perhaps from 
a questionable take-off is the 
doable lutz, nod a versatile free 
skating, routine. The stamina 
was there too, with a third 
double axeL perhaps the criti- 
cal jump for women, placed jnst 
before the end of her pro- 

Miss Jackson, by striking 
contrast, achieved only one 
double axeL early in ber 
programme, baring to reduce 
another f» a single jump. In 
triple jumps, ns welt the 
younger skater bad the edge. 
Kit Miss Conway looked a 
different proposition in Copen- 
hagen, with a c or r e sp ondin g 
loss of confidence, and it may- 
be right to spare her a still 
more damning experience in 
Geneva, with the rest of the 
world in the field. 

Yet the records suggest that 
Miss Conway's tender years 
should net necessarily have told 
against her. Katerina Witt the 
present holder of the world title 
for East Germany, first com- 
peted at 13, Elaine Zayak, the 
American winner in 1982. at 

14. and three ether recent 
winners. Denise Biellmann 
(Switzerland), Axmet Poetzsch 
(East Germany) and Linda 
Fratiamae (United States), at 


In and out Susan Jackson (left) and Joazme Conway 


England running out 
of time for Europe 

By Nicholas Hailing 

England players returned to 
their dubs yesterday, still 

stunned by the way they had 
to Switzerland 

managed to lose 
at Leicester the night before. 

Luckily for them their 77-65 
defeat did not really matter as 
both teams had already failed) 
to qualify from group D of the 
world championship, but with 

presuge mattering and a good 

wd e: 

crowd expecting a performance 
worthy of the English Basket 
Ball Association’s golden ju- 
bilee celebrations, it was not 
really what Bill Beswick, the 
England coach, had anticipated 
of his players 

Beswick claimed that his 
squad were not too relaxed, 
either going into the match — 
having beaten the Swiss by 15 
points in BeUinzona a year ago 
— or coining out for the second 
half, leading by five points, but 
some of his players clearly 
thought otherwise, “Maybe we 

were not pysched up enough.” 


Dan Lloyd said. “It was 
of stagnant out there.” was the 
verdict of Drew SewelL 
Paul Stimpson. England's 
captain, suggested that “maybe 
it was the best thing that could 
have happened to England.” 
but as the previous three 
results had been gallant defeats 
by West Germany, Czecho- 
slovakia and Israel, the last two 
in the world championship, it 
was difficult to agree. 

The one bright factor to 
emerge from the game was the 
performance of Dave Gardner, 
England’s top scorer with 23 
points. It was when Gardner 
retired to the bench, having 

committed four fouls, that 
England began to wilt disas- 
trously. When he left. England 
were nine points up. looking 
good for a comfortable victory. 

By the time he returned. 10 
minutes later. Switzerland were 
12 points up. having scored 25 
points without reply. Unfortu- 
nately for England, Gardner 
was no longer “hot" and the 6ft 
9in centre from Sharp Man- 
chester United could contribute 
only two more points to 
England's fading cause. 

It would not have mattered 
so much if the other players 
had responded, but that was 
not the case. Colin McNish, 
who had begun hia first 
international with such high 
hopes, finished with not a 
single point, leaving Switzer- 
land, inspired by their point 
guard, Stoc ka) per. the scoter of 
28 points, flushed with the 
success of their first win in the 

Suggestions that 

Switzerland's preparation had 
been longer and better or- 
ganized proved unfounded, as 
their coach, the Dutchman. 
Hugo Harrewijn, revealed that 
his squad had been together 
only since Sunday, the same zs 
England, since when they had 
played - and lost — two 
internationals in the Nether- 
lands. With the European 
Championships due to begin in 
April, England lave little time 
in which to improve. 

EN GLAN D; Ganiner 23. Batagun 12. 
Vaughan 1 2. 

SWITZERLAND: Stockatpar 28, Zaft *5. 
Nusfaswner 11. 


Nicklaus earnest about 
issue of retirement 

From John Bai lan tine 
Oahu, Hawaii 

Will Jack Nicklaus announce 
his retirement from com- 
petition if he does not puli out 
of his terrible slump? The 
“Golden Bear" faced this 
question with all the equanim- 
ity of a veteran who knows that 
his days are numbered before 
he iced off in the $500,000 
Hawaiian open yesterday on 
the par-72 Waialae course. 

“I'll not continue to play if 1 

think I can't win.” he said 
firmly, repeating a declaration 
he made in Phoenix Iasi week. 
Ns in Arizona. Nicklaus. aged 
-to. is making an unexpected 
appearance here, and il is clear 
that he desperately needs a few 
good rounds to show not only 
that he thinks he can still win 
but that he actually can. 

I doubt that Nicklaus will 
soldier on if he continues to 
play as moderately as he did in 
Phoenix and af Pebble Beach. 
He is fer too proud to show 
himself in less than a potential 
champion's colours. Deane 
Beman's view is that Nicklaus 
could probably win four or five 
more tides if he devoted 
himself entirely to golf again 
and gave up some of the mind- 
sapping business interests 
which are reputed to bring in 
an annual income in excess of 
S3S0 million, most of this from 

course building and related real 

Players this year have found 
a considerable extra hazard 
here in the form of a three-acre 
lake that lies between the 
fairways of the 352yd second 
hole and the 412yd third hole. 
Both dogleg slightly to the left, 
and the lake, which cost 
$300,000 to build and which 
holds three million gallons, is 
there to catch any ball slightly 

Greg Nichols, the head pro 
here, explained that the lake 
was built to make the course 
more of a championship test 
and to serve as a reservoir for 
the irrigation system. 

On most modem American 
courses, especially in the south, 
water is vital because most 
grass is planted or seeded and 
heavily fertilized. The English 
head groundsman at the Phoe- 
nix country club, lor instance, 
uses one million gallons a day 
on his automatic sprinkler 
system. In Florida, virgin 
fairways are planted with sprigs 
or heat-resisting grass, and then 
die groundsmen boast. -Put on 
plenty of water and jump 
backT Play can begin about 
four or five months later on 
such courses. 

Ooslcrhuis. Nick Faldo and 
Ken Brown were out very 
early, and Bernhard Langer. 
who could be a threat in view 

Britons bring their influence to bear 

Nicklaus: outside interests 

of his tremendous performance 
last Sunday, was one of the 
very late starters. 

No British or European 
professional has ever won the 
Hawaiian Open, which was 
started in 1965. There have 
been two foreign winners. 
Bruce Crampton. of Australia, 
in 1969 and Isao Aoki, of 
Japan, in 1983. The latter won 
with one' of the most 
wonderous last shots ever 
executed in tournament play, a 
full wedge from the rough at 
the 539-yard 18th straight into 
the hole. 

Open later 

The British Women’s Open 
championship will be beW at 
Royal Birkdale, Southport, 
from October 9 to 12. It had 
been p ropos e d to stage the 
event in July, but none of the 
leading American players 
would have been available at 
that time. 

A group of 15 British 
professional gutters tasking in 
the Sooth African wmshir 
these past few month s have 
mounted a spirited counter 
offensive against anti-aparthe i d 
critics bach home who aw 
demanding tbefr expulsion from 
the Earopeao tear. 

Despite threats to campaign 
agafcKt golfers who eaati nnt to 
play m Sooth Africa, the 
British competitors oa the 
Sunshine Circuit Insist that 
they are helping to maintain 
the caase of bbUhkMmi in 
Sooth Africa. “We play with a 
lot more Mack golfers in every 
tournament here than you will 
find in a British or European 
crest,” Warren Humphries 
said. “In Csct, I can't think of 
any black golfers presently 
playing the European draft.'' 

No fewer than 38 of the 158- 
odd Sooth African PGA mem- 
bers are now Mack, and they 
{day ia every professional 
tournament in addition to 
arranging their own Wad c 
c hamp io twlup s, s ponsored by 
white-controlled businesses. 
“AH black golfers get treated 
exactly the same here and can 
use all the tournament 
(■duties,** said Humphries. 

Thins hare indeed changed 
* lot tor the better from that 
miserable day when (he tote 
Papwa Scsobsa had to receive 
bk whiners cfceqne and trophy 

From Pan! Martin, Johannesburg 

Germiston which recently 
blackballed an Indian mfi ~ 
Bonaire brntinr unman was orig- 
inally set op by Jews becanse 
they had themselves been 
barred from other dobs 
The British players do not 
exactly dose their eyes to these 
th ing s; they Jnst fed ft is none 

astride in the rain becanse non- 
whites were not allowed la the 
cl a bb o nm. Yet the inescapable 
fact remains that at many of 
the dobs where the multi-racial 
SansUne Circuit is played, 
there is no soch species as a 
Mack m e mb er. 

This white exclusivity pre- 
vails at several of the venues 
where the British goffers have 
played — indndtog the PGA,' 
the Sooth African Open and 
the Charity Classic. The profits 
of the lades' event, ironically, 
are to go to an organ i za ti on 
helping “twfflght children” and 
black street urchins. 

Blacks are net the only group 
absent from the membership 
lists of some of die country's 
top dnbs. “Well probably have 

UU. uU 

of their bnstoess. They argue 

blacks here before Jews, ” sad 
a member of a golf dub 
redolent of the British colonial 
era, as the black waiters 
brou ght gm-nnd-tonks on the 
verandah and golf shoes were 
given a tick and polish. As in 
many courses, the signs in the 
parfcfeg let read: “No Caddies 
Beyond This Punt”. 

Discrimination, with several 
honourable exceptions, is prac- 
tised both at the EagHsh- 
speaking dabs and (hose ran 
by the rating Afrikaans psq, 
who have been attracted to golf 
in rapidly tocreasing sambos. 
And if s no t c onfin ed to these 
ethnic g roepa either. A dab to 

that dabs arotmd the — __ 
being private, have the right to 
choose for t hemsel ves how they 
select their members. “Anyone 
who thinks British golf dobs 
don't select me m b er s oa social 
class distinction* b naive," 
Humphries says. In fact, 
Humphries and many . other 
professionals say they fed they 
have been victims of ring 
snobbery themselves - hi feet 
professionals are often, they 
claim, treated with disdain 
Humphries finds it banter to 
arrange a practice round on a 
British now than he does is 
Sooth Africa. 

None of the IS British 
golfers tee give their backing 
to apartheid, thoagh they are 
not slow to contrast facilities 
here with these in son* 
"dependent Mack African 
states, whose coerces had in 
“any esses deteriorated since 
colonial days. 

All the British golfers play- 
tog here are black-listed by the 
Untied Nations' committee on 
apa rth eid, meaning that they 

cannot play on the rival Safari 
circuit — which is nowadays Ear 
more lucrative. 

Yet maay British players 
tee feel the rigours of black 
Africa outweigh the financial 
toceutives. Andrew C handler , 
for instance, this year foresook 
the Far East circuit to play to 
Sooth Africa. And 23-year -old 
ton Yoong, the Scottish PGA 
chnnqnon two years ago, said: 
“I d rather have fan here for a 
few months than sloe it oot 
lhen% not knowing if I'd be laid 
tow by some bug.” 

The weak Rand has meant 
tow prize money when coo- 
into sterling, which 
WWM? why many of the 46- 
odd British players who came 
tost year have derided not to 
hotter this time. Bnt Young, 
°«fe of the several virtnal 
aaknowns, finds he can live 
chca P*y oat tee, swririig 
pnrely on his winnings so far. 
He believes that by bavins 

Amir T J T . I . . Z 9 




-r~ — t> to better 

iSSf- caddie ’ 

*ho°8ht Scotland was in 
Atoe nra." he said. “He tra*- 

■M the British nit parade sous 
off by heart. By showing him 
we tints can treat 
■feoatly. I'm beij 
good image with 


e as a 

r.W-Vi i? I 

.. i_; _..*.* 


s j’ c ham». 

litter! f*i 

!»• jT> M 

# 1 1 *jf /■ 

-. 1 . ,.. ,. t . 

/lfj n... 




- t r'l 

i!' t '■ ■' 

and runnings, 

imc ;»>r Kurort 

Law Report February 14 1986 House of Lords 

Denial of worker’s appeal 
can make dismissal unfair 


s Motoring by Clifford Webb 

Ford cuts the price of safer braking 

Midlands CeOperatire 
Sonet} Ltd » Tipton 

SSF»!££. B ? d> S of HanvKh. 

Urd Rostall. Lord Brandon of 

Lnrf br MJ‘l U>rd r^! Bhtman and 
Lord Mackay of Ciashfeni 

[Speeches sold February ill 
In deciding whether an cm- 
pjoycr had acted reasonably in 
dismissing an employee, an 
industrial tribunal could take 
mio account evidence which 
came available for consideration 
oy the employer when holding 
an internal appeal against the 
dismissal; and therefore, where 
an employee was denied an 
appeal to which he was contrac- 
tually entitled, thai in itscir could 
justtty a finding of unfair 

The House of Lords so held in 
allowing an appeal by Mr Ernest 
Tipton from the order of the 

Court of Appeal (Lord Justice 
Ackner. Lord Justice Slade and 
Lord Justice Purchas) ([19851 
ICR 444) who had reversed the 
order of the Employment Appeal 
Tribunal who upheld a finding of 
unlair dismissal by an industrial 

Mr Michael BclofT. QC and 
Mr John Hand For the employee* 
Mr M.K Lee. QC and Mr John 
Mitling for the employers. 

LORD BRIDGE said that the 
employee, employed as a milk 
worker for 37 years, had a ted 
record of absenteeism. After 
warnings he was summarily 

Under the terms of his 
contract of employment he was 
entitled to appeal to the society's 
chief executive officer, but the 
employers refused to entertain 
his appeal. The industrial tri- 
bunal upheld his claim for unfair 
dismissal and the Employment 
Appeal Tribunal dismissal the 
employers* appeal. 

The Court of Appeal held that 
ihc question “whether ... the 
employer acted reasonably” un- 
der section 57(3) of the Employ- 
ment Protection (Consolidation) 
Act 1978 fell to be determined as 
at the date of summary dis- 
missal and that nothing after 
that date could be taken into 
account as relevant to that 

The appeal therefore raised a 
question of considerable im- 
portance in industrial relations 

A substantial body of case law. 
based on decisions of the 
Employment Appeal Tribunal, 
supported the view that where an 
employer's reason for dismissing 

an employee had been examined 
|n the course of an agreced 
internal disciplinary procedure 
and that appeal had been 
dismissed, the industrial tribunal 
might take into account evidence 
available on the appeal in 
determining whether the em- 
ployer acted reasonably in treat- 
ing his reason for dismissal as 

If that view was right it would 
follow ihat a denial to the 
employee of a contractual right 
to an internal appeal could by 
itself justify a finding of unfair 
dismissal. i 

Conversely, if the Court of 
Appeal were right, ii would 
follow that in every case where 
there had been a domestic 
appeal, the industrial tribunal 
wovdjt have to put on blinkers 
and consider only whether the 
employer acted reasonably in his 
original decision to dismiss, 
notwithstanding that when he 
rejected the employee's domestic 
appeal he might have been acting 
quite unreasonably in the light of 
the further information pre- 
sented to him in the coarse of 
the appeal. 

Under section 57 there were 
three questions to be answered in 
determining whether a dismissal 
was fair (I ) What was the reason 
for the dismissal? (2) Was that 
reason a reason falling within 
section 57(2) or some other 
substantial reason of a kind such 
as to justify* the dismissal of an 
employee holding the position 
which that employee held? (3) 
Did the employer act reasonably 
or unreasonably in treating that 
reason as a sufficient reason for 
dismissing the employee? 

The reason shown by the 
employer in answer to question 
(I) might aptly be termed the 
real reason; the answer to 
question (2) would depend on 
the application of the statutoiy 
criteria to that reason. Then 
came the crucial question (3). 

Conduct unrelated to the real 
reason for dismissal obviously 
could not affect the answer to 
that question. That, and no 
more, was what 1C. Devis & Sons 
Ltd v Atkins ([1977] AC 931) 

But there was nothing in the * such a case. 

v Savage ([1981] ICR M. if the 
domestic appeal succeeded, the 
employee wits reinstated with 
retrospective effect: if it failed 
the summary dismissal took 
effect fmm the original date. 

Thus, in so far as the original 
dismissal and the dcctsion on the 
domestic appeal were governed 
by the same consideration — the 
real reason for dismissal — there 
was no reason to treat the 
effective date of lerminaiion as a 
watershed which separated the 
one process from the other. 

Both the original and appellate 
decision were, in any case where 
an employee invoked a contrac- 
tual right of appeal, necessary 
elements in the overall process of 
terminating the contract of 

To separate them and consider 
only one half of the process was 
to introduce an unnecessary 
artificiality into unfair dismissal 

That conclusion was power- 
fully reinforced by the decisions 
in the Employment Appeal 

A dismissal was unfair if the 
employer unreasonably treated 
his real reason as a sufficient 
reason to dismiss the employee, 
cither when he made his original 
decision to dismiss or when he 
maintained ihat decision at the 
conclusion of an internal appeal. 

By the same token, a dismissal 
could be held to be unfair when 
the employer had refused to 
entertain an appeal to which the 
employee was contractually en- 
titled and thereby dented him 
the opportunity of showing that 
the employer's real reason for 
dismissal could not reasonably 
be treated as sufficient. 

There could, of course, be 
cases where, on the undisputed 
facts, the dismissal was in- 
evitable. as where a misted 
employee, before dismissal, was 
charged with, and pleaded guilty 
to a serious offence of dishonesty 
committed in the course of his 

In such a case the employer 
could reasonably refuse to enter- 
tain an appeal on the ground that 
it could not affect the outcome. 
It had never been suggested, 
however, that the present was 

Ford has just completed a cosily 
exercise to promote the face-lifted 
range of Escort and Orion models 
which will be reaching showrooms 
soon. It flew several plane loads of 
British motoring journalists to 
Finland to test the cars in near- 
arctic conditions of snow and ice 
with temperatures a! times below 

On the foce of iL that seemed to 
make sound commercial sense, 
because the new Escorts and 
Orions are the first “cheap" 
family care to be offered with an 
anti-lock; brake system. 

Even more newsworthy from a 
British point of view is that it is 
the new Lucas Girting Skid 
Control System (SCS), which is 
considerably cheaper than the 
more complex electronic Bosch 
and Teves systems. It appears to 
herald the breakthrough in price 
necessary to make anti-lock equip- 
ment compulsory for all cars. 

Ideal test conditions for anti-lock 
braking is a strip of icy road. But 
even better is a frozen lake of the 
type which hide around every 
comer in Finland. 

It is then a simple matter of set- 
ting up a line of plastic cones and 
inviting drivers to approach the 
end of the line at speed. Then 
apply the brakes and experience 
the “miracle” of being able to 
keep your foot hard on the brake 
pedal and still be able to steer in 
and out of the line of cones. 

We were turned loose on some 
200 km of roads, many with 
polished ice covered by a fine 
1 layer of new snow. An even 
, tougher and more practical lest of 
the. new system? Alas no. At this 
lime of year Finnish law requires 
all motor vehicles to be fitted with 
tyres impregnated with tiny metal 
studs. The grip they provide is 
quite incredible. Cars can be 
hurtled around on packed snow 
and ice at great speed and their 
braking efficiency has to be 
experienced to be believed. 

Despite this handicap we did 
our best to assess the efficiency of 

the new Girling system. You 
could 3pply emergency braking 
and still continue to steer but. 
there was no means of comparing 
this with similar care equipped 
with studs but noi ami-lock. 

Ford explained that they had 
hoped to provide a lake surface 
but the weather was too warm 
until shortly before we arrived 
and they were not prepared to 
trust the ice. 

One thing I did learn, however, 
from my Finnish trip was the 
immense damage caused to road 
surfaces by studs. For mile after 
mile motorway surfaces -were 
marred by treacherous ruts up to 
2 inches deep. They exactly 
matched the wheel tracks of the 
average car and had to be treated 
with great caution. 

Alfa’s struggle 

Alfa Romeo is still trying to get its 
act together in Britain. The latest 
moves include the appointment of 
yet another sales director, the 
arrival of two significant new 
variants in its best selling Alfa 33 
range and the promise that the 
much delayed Alfa 75 replace- 
ment for the Giulietto and Aifetta 
will be here this summer. 

But is it already too late? From 
a peak of 1 3.000 care in 1979 sales 
have plummeted to a little over 
3.000 last year. No one can live 
with those sort of losses, least of 
all the company's dealers. In the 
last two years it has lost nearly 
half its dealer network. 

It is true that many of them 
were handling other franchises 
besides .Alfa and were simply 
forced out of business by the cut- 
price discount war which shows 
no signs of easing. But there were 
equally desertions to other makes 
by dealers who saw no future with 
the famous old marque. 

Sadly the new- sales director Bill 
McMasiers arrived shortly before 
the sudden death of his father, 
one of Northern Ireland's most 
respected motoring writers. Bill 

Ford Escort: First cheap anti-lock brake system 

••v**?’* '"v? *r* v.- 

statute to exdude evidence 
relevant to show the strength or 
weakness of the real reason for 
dismissal which the employer 
had the opportunity to consider 
in the course of an appeal. 

Adopting the analysis which 
found favour in J. Sainsburv Ltd 

► •-* . r ., •*»**.,. 

Lord R os kill. Lord Brandon. 
Lord Brighiman and Lord 
Mackay agreed. 

Solicitors; Hextall Erskine Sl 
Co for Jack Thomley. Manches- 
ter Park Nelson & Doyle 
Devonshire for Kenneth Curtis 
& Co. Birmingham. 

Whether foreign proceedings are 
in a civil or commercial matter 

In re State of Norway's applica- 

Before Lord Justice Kerr. Lord 
Justice Glidewell and Lord 
Justice Ralph Gibson 
[Judgment given February I2[ 

The Court of--AppeaL while 
allowing by a majority an appeal 
against an order Wider section i 
of the Evidence (Proceedings in 
Other Jurisdictions) Act 1975 for 
the oral examination of witnesses 
whose evidence was required for 
use in foreign proceedings, 
considered the test which an 
English court should apply in 
determining whether the foreign 
proceedings were “proceedings in 
a civil or commercial matter” 
within section l so as to confer 
jurisdiction on the English court 
to give effect to a foreign court's 
request for the oral examination. 

The court (Lord Justice Ralph 
Gibson dissenting) allowed an 
appeal by Lord Kindersley and 
Mr AJ. Hardman, against an 
order of Mr Justice McNeill on 
July 24. 1984. whereby he. in 
compliance with a request from 
the SandeQord City Court Nor- 
way. on an application by the 
State of Norway, ordered that 
they present themselves for oral 
examination pursuant io section 
i of the 1975 Act. 

The court allowed the appeal 
on the ground that the terms of 
the letter of request were too 
wide and constituted a “fishing 

Mr Michael Crystal. QC and 
Mr John Higham for the 
witnesses: Mr Anthony Boswood 
for Norway; Mr Nicholas Brarza 
for the estate of the deceased. 

that the evidence of the wit- 
nesses. a director and a former 
manager of Lazard Brothers & 
Co Ltd. was required by the 
foreign court in aid of proceed- 
ings brought by the estate of the 
deceased shipowner. Anders 
Jahre. against the State of 
Norway, concerning a disputed 
retrospective assessment for tax 
on the deceased’s estate for 1972 
to 1 982 for 338 million Kroner. 

The letter requested that the 
witnesses give information, inter 
aha. about the ownership of 
funds and shares in a client 
company and the deceased's 
dealings in company operations. 

Master Prebble granted an ex 
parte application by the state for 
the oral examination of the 
witnesses without qualification. 
Mr Justice McNeill dismissed 
Ihc witnesses' appeal against the 
order subject to certain direc- 
tions limiting the scope of the 
questions which they could be 
required to answer. 

The estate was joined as a 
pany in those proceedings on 
terms. They opposed the appeal. 

The witnesses sought to set 
aside the judge's order. The state 
and estate cross-appealed for the 
removal of the directions. 

Proceedings were currently 
pending in Norway relating to 
the retrospective tax assess- 
ments. namely, an action by _lhe 
estate in the requesting 
SandeQord City Court to have 
the assessment set aside, and an 
appeal by the estate to the 
National Tax Committee. 

The 1975 Act was passed 
mainlv in order to give effect to 
the accession by the United 
Kingdom to i he Hague Conven- 
tion on the Taking of Euaence 
Abroad in Civil or Commercial 
Matters, of March IS. I ^ 70 - 

Thc following issues, inter 
aha. arose i n deter m i n i ng 
whether the English courts 
should comply with the letter or 

request: . ■„ 

ii) whether the proceedings in 
the SandeQord City Court were 
-civil proceedings wtthm the 
ambit of the 1975 Act: 

mi whether it would be contrary 

io public policy and } ht r s* 1 ™? 
principle thai the English courts 

would not lend their assistance 
to the direct or indirect enforce- 
ment of foreign tax liabilities to 
comply with the request: 
ffii) whether the request was too 
wide and amounted to a “fishing 
expedition^ • 

(iv) whether the witnesses should 
be ordered to breach their duty 
of confidentiality by answering 
the questions raised in the letter 
of request. 

The court should strive to give 
effect to the request of the 
foreign court unless it was driven 
io the clear conclusion that it 
could not properly do so: see 
U'i/iiams and Humbert Ltd v 
H7/ Trade Marks (Jersey) Ltd 
( The Times December 17. 1985; 
{1986] 2 WLR 24). 

..Having regard to the pro- 
visions of sections l. 2. 3 and 9 
of the 1975 Act. in deciding 
uhether it had jurisdiction to 
comply with the letter of request. 
the court addressed in the 
United Kingdom had to be 
satisfied that the evidence to 
which the application related was 
to be obtained for the purposes 
of proceedings in the requesting 
court which could properly be 
categorized as proceedings in a 
civil or commercial matter. 

That phrase was used in 
numerous international conven- 
tions and was of considerable 
international significance. 

In construing the statute.' 
reference could property be made 
to the 1970 Convention, but that 
provided no assistance as to how 
the court shoutd categorize the 
foreign proceedings. 

In his Lordship's judgment, 
the court addressed would satisfy 
itself that the proceedings con- 
cerned a civil or commercial 
matter under the law of the 
requesting court, but would only 
accept that categorization for the 
purpose of assuming jurisdiction 
if it did not conflict with any 
fundamental principle recognised 
under the laws of the court 

If the requesting court acted in 
accordance with the principles of 
international comity, it should 
refrain from making any request 
under the 1970 Convention or 
the 1975 An unless the proceed- 
ings before it were "proceedings 
in a civil or commercial matter” 
by its own law. 

But the court addressed could 
not be wholly bound by the 
requesting court's classification. 
If. for example, proceedings 
would dearly be regarded as 
criminal or penal by the law of 
ihc court addressed, but were 
nevertheless characterized as 
proceedings in a civil matter by 
the requesting court, it was open 
to the court addressed to decline 
to accede to the request as a 
matter of discretion, if not on 
jurisdictional grounds. 

The SandeQord action could 
be regarded as a proceeding in a 
civil matter by the law of 
Norway. It was dearly a civil 
proceeding by English law. 

h was a principle of general 
international acceptance that En- 
glish courts had no jurisdiction 
to cnienain an action for the 
direct or indirect enforcement of 
a revenue law of a foreign state: 
sec Dicev & Morris. The Conflict 
of Lavs 10th edition (1980) vol 
I. PP 89-90. 

However, it was open to doubt 
whether a request for evidential 
assistance pursuant to section „ 
of the 1975 Act in a foreign coun 
concerning a foreign resident s 
tax liability, was properly de- 
scribablc as an action for direct . 
or indirect enforcement of a 
revenue law of a foreign state. 

Williams end Humbert UJ r 
117# Trade Marks (Jersey) Ltd 
suggested that the principle in 
Dicey «fi Morris was to be 
construed narrowly. 

Had ihc request in the present 
case been made in opposition to 

the estate, his Lordship would 
have concluded that the request 
should be refused both as a 
matter of public policy and 
discretion. But the estate sup- 
ported the request. 

It would not be contrary to 
comity or public policy to accede 
to a request made by the state 
and the taxpayer. 

The court would nor lend its 
assistance to* a “fishing 
expedition”, where what was 
sought was not evidence as such 
but information which might 
lead to a line of inquiry which 
would disdosc evidence. . . 

The scope of the present 
request was so wide that it went 
far beyond the elicitation of 
“evidence" and contained a great 
deal of impermissible “fishing" 
The court was in no position to 
bring it into conformity with 
what would be permissible. The 
appeal would be allowed on that 

His Lordship would also allow 
the appeal on the issue of 

The court had to carry out a 
balancing exercise. In the scales 
on one side had to be placed the 
desirable policy of assisting a 
foreign court, in the present case 
supported by both parties to the 
foreign litigation. 

On the other side was the 
opposing principle that the court 
would give great weight to the 
desirability of upholding the 
duty of confidence in relation- 
ships in which, as here, it was 
clearly entitled to recognition 
and respect. 

Which way the balance tilted 
depended on the weight properly given to all the other 
circumstances of the case. In the 
present case the balance was 
against compelling the witnesses 
io violate their duty of con- 

WELL said that he agreed with 
Lord J ust ice Kerr that the 
proceedings in the SandeQord 
City Court were civil proceedings 
-within section 1 of the 1975 Act. 
He also agreed wiih his 
Lordship's reasons on the tax 

If there was evidence that a 
customer of Lazards acted as the 
deceased’s agent or nominee in 
relation to any proceeding before 
ihc SandeQord court, the im- 
portance of assisting the 
SandeQord court could properly 
be held to outweigh any duty of 
confidence owed to such a 

' But in the case of a person 
under no such relationship with 
the deceased, the disclosure of 
information would be an unjusti- 
fied breach of confidence which 
the English courts should not 

In the present case it was not 
alleged that Lazards or the 
witnesses acted personally for the 

GIBSON said that he agreed that 
the witnesses had failed to show 
that the court lacked jurisdiction 
to order ihc witnesses to attend 
before an examiner for oral 
examination under the 1975 Act. 

Bur his Lordship would dis- 
miss the appeal on the "fishing” 
ground. The icons of the request 
were wide but that followed from 
the subject matter of the 
proceedings and the witnesses 
could be protected by being 
legally represented at the 

Solicitors: Linklaters & Paines: 
Fresh fields; Maciarlanes. 

Alfa 33: Clat 

its way up sales charts 

junior admits that there has been 
“grave mismanagement” in the 
past and that the best the 
company can hope for this year is 
to consolidate on its present 3.000 
sales a year, import a more 
rationalized range and try not to 
be drawn into the worst excesses 
of the discount war. 

One of the most experienced 
salesmen to hold the post, he 
spent his first ten years selling 
Chryslers in Northern Ireland, the 
next nine with Fiat UK. two years 
in Saudi Arabia with Nissan and 
came to Britain a month ago from 
the post of national sales manager 
of Alfa Romeo South Africa. 

He immediately plunged into a 
morale boosting tour of dealer- 
ships ending with a national 
dealer conference last week. 

He has already identified a 
major problem area as the need 
for a more realistic pricing policy. 
At the same time he is drawing 
what liule comfort there is to be 
had from the news that second- 
hand values of Alfa models are at 
last beginning to harden. 

The Alfa 33 replacement for the 
much lo -ed Alfasud in September 
1983 was little short of a disaster. 
The 33 was too upmarket. 
Overnight the company lost its 
bread and butter car. Since then 
33 has dawed its way painfully up 
the sales chans and is at last 
beginning to establish a following. 
This year it will account for about 
half the Alfas sold here. 

Bui the. company's attraction 
over the years has been its sporty 
image. Neither of the existing 1.3 
and 1.5 litre 33 base models are 
particlarly swift. You have to go 
up to the 1.5 Green Ooverleaf for 
sparkling performance and that 
costs £6.850 compared with 
£5.490 and £5,980 for the 1.3 and 
1.5 respectively. 

To close the image gap Alfa is 
now replacing them with more 
powerful versions. The new 1.3S 
costs £5.710 and the new I.5S 
costs £6.060. The smaller engine 
now boasts two twin choke 
carburettors instead of one, lifting 
output from 79 bhp to 86 bbp. It 

will cover a standing start quarter- 
mile in a very respectable 17.5 
seconds and top 107 mph. Thai 
makes it a match for many of 
today's 1.6 cars. 

A similar change to the 1.5 
engine lifts output io 95 bhp and a 
maximum speed of 109 mph. Its 
standing quarter time is under i 7 

Both the new models are 
identifiable by all-black front 
grilles, lower sills and rear spoilers 
and bumpers. The standard speci- 
fication includes tweed upholstery 
colour matched to the carpets, 
split folding rear seats, timed glass 
and electric front window. Be- 
tween them the two are expected 
to account for half the 33s sold 
this year. 

Stay British 

Staff at Land Rover's Solihull 
headquarters have been very 
moved by the hundreds of calls 
they have received from people 
protesting at government plans io 
sell the company to General 
Motors of America. But one call 
had them positively jumping for 

As employees of a state con- 
trolled company. Land Rover 
execuli ves can hard ly take an 
openly critical stance against their 
masters plans to offer it as the 
cream on the cake if GM buys the 
heavily loss making Leyland truck 
business. So when Mr Kelvin van 
HasseiL a London based export 
marketing manager, offered to run 
a “Keep Land Rover British” 
campaign they had the outlet they 
were looking for. 

In the past few days Mr van 
Hasselt - his grandparents were 
Dutch - has been bombarding 
motoring writers, MPs and any- 
one else he thinks might be useful 
with fact sheets supporting his 
campaign. But he is in urgent 
need of help to keep it going. 
Volunteers can contact him at 78 
M uncaster Road. Clapham. Lon- 
don SW1 1 6NU. telephone 01-228 
9630. His business number is 01- 
637 7161 extension 254 or 278. 

01-481 4422 CAR BUYERS’ GUIDE 01-481 4422 



6.500 miles 7 months' old. spare studded 
wheels & tyres, radio etc. Cost £13.600 will 
sell at £9.500 ono. Weekends & evenings 
0564 824386. office hours 021 622 2424. 
No advertising magazines please. 


June '85 

Telephone 01 439 0979 Monday to Friday. 



' COTott* 

| Evan H£ T«oa 
i f«su «fC 

! AiU 

UG iMm 
VC item 

I W MkMg* 

I Uv-Ee EM .'0 E& 
! Ittu tun 

Can G'i 3 Vs 

X* « a 

Mxi di 
bam $A 
8n»»nl Ikv 
h-aa ?Wt- 
C4rrer. 5> ’TO 

Ga> Cmsmovs u° 4 CO 

0I-9S7 W55/V97/V553 
Hours Xloo-Fri O s j u 6pp 


All cars BHD tartars 
bun. i K' wn bMioannv 
rune (Mails a written quotes 

RCNAULT 30 TX -83 84 Man 
uai pm wnnooi pmwia 
nunr aa m ay Pniair (Mi 
Ouvrr PMv IHephone 0429 
to* 0429 blUM >m 
ZMZX Danun. 2*? auromabr 
On* owner Low mileage w 
P*» Red Dw p Iramamiue 
C5.B50 Artec Spin Irl 0202 
694816 Dorse! 

1BB4 (A) M atra lot. only 7.000 
mbn Mark, as new. radio. >(*1 
rear vm bargain al £3.100 

. TM 01 794 4008 -Ant 
RAMCC ROVER 198? X rrg . 
Mur. tow redraw £7.500 ono 
BAC or AA impniim uh 
romr 01 223 I *53 
ROVER MOO S aiHomabr 1 983 
I mum 8.700 milrv PAS. r 
windows. e vunroof. alloy 
»iwb £6.76001 J29 8333.T. 
aulo PAS air cond low mile i 
aw immaculate £3.750 Ol [ 
402 3214 iTl 

500 SEL 

B rrq absolutely lm mandat- only 1 5.000 miles, extras 
include lambswool seairovrrs. lambswool rugs, electric 
roof. ABS brakes, filled wllh phone kit. etecinc seals, 
cruise control colour dark blue. Directors car main- 
tained regardless of cost, pro ale sale, pnee £28.500 ono 

Pnone day 0734 791668 evenings, weekends 0276 




1901 |X1 in CrM»4n %sl\rr 
wiin htarfc upnohlm’. 
AO.OOO mil** Mil* fuliruftlo 
ry Of drAtrr vrunnq 


Trl 8M Homan at Haynes 

P uaiiMm ui pic. op 
ONI IMPS i of lire hoursj 

l»BO. Walnut wilh Wngr hide, 
piped Drown. Full History, mi 
prro .ondilion arrow £17.500 
TH 021 427 3Bt>6 ill 

Moorland Creep Car Condi 
lion oa -:«X 1 inK. Ta» A MOT. 
r ronlrol oo70 0512651 *Oi. 
0670 87040 >H' 



VW SCWOCCO GTi 1083 -Ai 
Brtijr mm. TNH. MSB Al 
KH- 2 8.000 mn. r.J cSO one 
Tel dai 086S 60844 Elr 

504 SO 

V REC CoM am.-, rem dlirt 
Will- M* k root sieren ra»v 
re. ai" wvil-. toWlono Ol 
362 OOoJ -hr Ol Pi« 30HS -oi 
BOLE CT1 16 »ai»e. ruin ruid 
drne Order nrn* ror rarlt de 
Inert OJB4 2*»5T9i iT' 

IMS BOLE G**I I in do r* eanrino 
rnlonr* and esiras from 
£7.705 .025126! 4441 «Tl 
GOLF 6T1 B icq perferi condition 
Many exli.w 7 500 mis C7.3T3 
ono R adieu .Herlsi 4136 
NEW GOLF BITS plus me lull 
VW Audi range al diwou-.l 
price* ICC Ol 202 86^0 


I BOB JAGUAR 4.Z automatic 
leather Irina, gre—n niefalln 
I 3 OCO mile, Jmrnar ulale rmwli 

Hon M □ *> rar T » H LI 1 .500 
0453 66538 rolfirri 04538 3 

JAGUAR XJS HE 5 3 aulo A reo 
nieiailir in .an aosmuliri im 
me- ul.ll.- 43 OCCi mile.. rsH 
1.13 495 7i1 OCiio SOIOG 


EM SC IMS t «. R . -.lerro 
rad cwv. pin aerial. L K Supp . 
FSH . rnwnac CO 360 one Ol 
864 5588 ell. 00276 3052 

SILVER SPIRIT or Spur, low "'-.“’V" , a torne 

mile .up- jnied.eri irrgemlv L13-.95 let («.o 5«.« 

L-- .-P1--.nal pnre Mill Be paid ■ ■- 

Cummn-P 0208 .*784 O20S 19B4 JAGUAR Soserenpi 4 
831444 L\ I-. 6 Wkend* Err-ljiim Brlier 8 000 mil 


01-248 2PM or 
01-488 0817 
IT 4ay»l m 


ins ici 

CneMiuru Main Co Lid. 
Amlin Rarer Mam Dealers, 
oiler lor -ale Ihen o— rt 
Dirnlor"* demoiKlralion rar 
Zircon Blur mrtall*. (Dial 

-per imnur rood, under 
8 OOO ml- Btg ut ing on 

Only £9,950 

1M 0992 2SIGE 

VOLVO 760 CLC Aim 10 
mcnihs om urn unaer 

mamitariuret'- warT je|> mile- anil- C-rrv ran 

rename e-tiu including -ref ro 

CiO.ftSO or offer Homeiri Ol 
670 074] BU* 01 761 AIM 

MCB CT IB rrqMrrrd Jury 
1084 Choroid ic 12.000 mars 
Full mtx icr hnlorv- onr orreid 
moinn owner £6.250 0206- 


In J? v Governor of Pentonville 
Prison. Ex pane Voets ( The 
Times February 13) Mr Voeis 
was charged with robbery and 
attempted murder, not robbery 
and murder. 

MrwUK Mur. air rood, low bar. 
38.000 ml 00.960 TH Mr In 
do-wood 0494 45094 1 lOdiCri 

RUtMTMEBE Motor CD oifer 
New- Range Rwrr Vogue in 
Ca-Man Hue. dMhery mileage 
onls. briow Irt prire Cnowr ol 
l O el her lair lew mileage Baogr 
0mm 100862) 29444 or 
0336. Mon 641 9- 7 Dm Sun IO 


ESCORT RS 1 6001 83 ■ Al Barit, 
rsira- C6 OOO Escort xhjc 0a 
■Bi Blue mruiiic. mra* 
CO OOO Trtepham- Boo Aftson 
on Ol BOO Mil Von a 
Barklngudr lor lull decpib. 

main January 86 Blue 
manic ores inierior. 2.500 
miiev Lamp guard Tow bar 
Grnmnr reason for sale 
LJ 7.750 ono 0302 771489 

SOVOTACro^n Super saloon BO 
moor! Etfpnml eonddidit 0 m? 
ow-nrr All pmihle oMJotw in 
rinding mow l>r*v 61.000 

miles. £3 ISO TM FasMndge 

1 owner. Sdirr blue trainer ire. 
1 0.000 irelm- lull hntney. Anew 
imetv mm, £26.930 Ol 32S 
8333 >T| 


Cl *84 factory built 
Alplna spGC immacu- 
late condition very 
high spec 21.000 miles 

0555 73016 

MUSnl, Auguu 65. C r roman 
uta. lu. ets warrauli I'll August 
So. Black with man. leather 
sears 4 500 miles am run eir 
L?°.500 or -u-nsitlr «4|er 
Phone 03700 5291 dav or 
0702 564807 aller 6 pm 

BMW 5204 Dec 82 I owner 
34 OOO mim Sapphire metal 
lie mm* radio rasv-flr BMW 
sersire history unMrmnned 
£5 2>fiO TelOlle-e 0753 861214 
or Home 0763 44013 

BMW S2S1 WHdr exrellenl ran 
dHion. newly spruced, low 
imiragr. an cond. au raw os 
lions C925C Tel <Oi Ol 235 
5022 >H» Ol 637 5242 

BMW SIB 14 4 mer ions 

LHD Black. 1C OOO rnls 5 
Speed. C6J60 01 200 1218 
Vs -etnas 1 200-0513 (Tl 

2204 84 model. 1 owner Black 
Mark inns 5 (I alias's e 
mirrors Rad raw 6 COO miles 
L8 495 OOO 0222 762988 

NEW BMW'S - All moons IO or- 
art SSBt earls delivers Large 
dwraintk TM 0227 763010 iTl 

TM 01 m 43 u. 

•showroom ronddion. red 3000 GAtOOM 1684 B Regis 
?l OCO miles *B3 model. leirri Mid iJiip » nn niue i le*n 

leal her seals Iron! and rear. murwi Tinted olavs eii-rlrir 

crurw ronlrol spots tun sunrcKA and mirror, 5 speeo. 

eleclrM an M allot s. FSH Becker slrleo. ?3 OOO mile-. I 

braosrvaw W roo from new 1 owner lolallt as new £|i 400 

owner Telephone 0324 410768 

MERCEDES 280 SC A reo. aula. | 
£17.830. I Rim, , rurse ronlrnl. alios ! 

w fleets 1 5 OCO mis Mel Hu- . 

TM 01 m «l£ Tull servile pitslme lonrtilmn. 

£15.650 Ol 200 1218 Week 
davs 200 85 1 3 -Ti 
MERCEDES 380 SE A regrura 
lion rule-, r :s H eler root 
380 SC 82 X while grey s Moor wVSf cln ^ 

eu- ' rZnSzr-tEx. 

FSH 50.000 mis Ewrlleni _ wn £13 060 Tel oi 646 500 SEL \ Reg Metallic silver . 

&Ono or ©flier OI 640 5J?| hlor srlnut ll.leooi r nil spec 2 

uwiirrv \GC Ihfouonnui Full 
Mete roes Seri ir, ■ Hiuorv All 

extra- £13 500 cm 01847 

2227 0’S4 732346 ihotnri 

MERCEDES SOD SL CmwertlnK- Soo SC S9BX 4 leg m-i stiver 
Segiemuei *M5 MfWir Sjhrr ABS an eon CSH imK. niue 
3 OOO rreies £27.000 Pnone leather • nui nradiesls. inimar 

Nraiinonam 234018 iLihv* rend ClBSOOdno HOIJ MX 

ottmr 0480 MM 9?X ani-lime 

735- Jo -Dasiimri 



928s manual 1982 chiffon white, brown 
elolh & leather. LSD & alarm. Just had ma- 
jor service al 33.700 miles. Full history, 
immaculate car. realistically priced at 
£18.500. Weekends & evenings 0564 
824386. office hours 021-622 2424. No ad- 
vertising magazines please. 



Silver Sard A Shadow- ll from 

£150 - k AT per dav Ol 449 
1137 W mdv 01 446 8063 



•x. -t: 



*4SJ ‘*j 


,’*k iCt 




1' .jJ? 


L-’ fit 







ns? n 



U90 ft 

*'<j rg 


»*l 777 


L‘w *' 




w av*u 


vjii ;t 

SSi Sit 


MC -r. 



"c ■■ 






Mill IfuDUtt irST :«Ti Trr eg 
Q929U *55 Buoqm enn me tar 
non leyvoan 


Guards red. aula, bbfk her 
her trim sunroof. PDM 
9.800 milM. i lads- Owner 
Jus! van iced M mam deal- 
er 12 montfts warranty 




ItWl 428791 Son 

MS AUTO BS C. rrg. attune 
whrtr nlark pmunp.ivlair rod 
lion i fog lamps rear skirl ror 
our c«Jeg wfirrlk. i-alr Ii res. 
rahra alarm bCOOmiM war 
rami bli 07 CI8 99B D2T74 
25°4( oi office- 01 552 8060. 

S24 LUX im. Dcrelkenl r«ttd> 
lien mronahoul JO mourns 
MOT HMi murage, hence 
£3 750 021 446 1831 

™ LUX I RED O/Rrd. 
I MM AC FSH [Viral CIO 860 
lor Ol* nif sale 06! *28 BHD. 

B2B V RE 6, dun. green reel. 
60.000 miles, fun fusion *■» 
rHImi >ondll«Mi. Mm C9 500 
Ol 352 589? kflrr 5pni 

844 LUX AuiO. A rrg wmic. 
24 OOO r»Mks. PDM. TSH -rusl 
vrnrnn. new MS sun rod 
sli-rro raswtir ncudrr, I nwn 
rr rsrHIenl randilmn 
£14 905 Dav r*»2& 37X» 
E-.~ 0203 303057 

91 1 SC |40? Personal Plate 
17.000 mile*. Porsche warrau- 
lv. condition imu mrlalir 
Bemrr inimor Alarm f.arrera 
Hpoib-rs CI6.55O01 0929I29 

*44 June BS iw| green. *UP 
looi. I owner mol6nin>e 
VTI v ired. 42 OOO mile* 
Ll 2.500 Tel 01 242 5038 

Of ller 

911 SC Sparta TmrxM- V rrg. Rt 
Cd* red Hark l-alhrr 45.000 
ml* FSH alarm CI5.9SO Ol . 
<*36 6699 ml A4T 

*44 T REO. I Owner- Mark. ' 
51-000 Rides, sunroof air ; 

cond Her Windows LI? 260 
TeL 01-807 2104. 


ROVER 3 hire Coupe wnrle and 
blue rnoi 1667 Mileage 46 5R8 
Mini roautninn a* lovinglv raved 
(or £3600 Tel 0306 22474 
C TYPE 42 2*2. 1470 Blue 
MOT rsH \GL £7 600 ono 
0321 R70R77 ev «-, 


SOROCCO CL 14H4 £30000 

mis | o**nrr Oiampddnr 
b rooi M*tpo Ctw*ri«J*8-d qm r 
tv ur 14 960 .wq T*H OI67& 


1985 C REC 

3 000 miks while relout 
toded gull A u-nrnls 

sum oof LIB .095 

1985 B REC 

to OOO miles red learner 

ruler kv sunroof £0 996 

TEU 10*721 40058 


All black rrg 1994. 
leather trim. tint, low 
mileage- GTI engineer 
Ins conversion, full 
details on request 

trr-dium -sill rr n OOO mile* 
«_n« Cnairnsur'* cel llJiyi 
T.-l Boh illIrwKi on 01 5 V, 
0411 \ on o Barlrngvrde I nr .iHain 


geju Ores U nn W*. ilk- hide ulie 
ow mi 5.000 miles h * lop- 
IW| I4»5 £23, 450 B A K 

Thomas Nc-fiirignan. 02t33! 
i-i .lung* a weekends 720,-6' 
JAGUAR 4.2 **ri io* ill \J6 iota 
pi n -ifr niimner male upaii 
whili- .•Oarh-.rrk conliaslirvj 
led hule nphol*lert £.*' 445 
M.ue dola.l* 0344 aBoH6o 
JAGUAR XJS 4 2 T Reg 1674 I in 
ened in ?var-li- caiilra*lr.w here 
ii.ii-i ioi siOT superb ■ ond.lmn 
1 1 266 Pr. avia ahoHOr* 
JAGUAR XJ6 A rea I nwnn 

fei-nuilir ft OOO miles Ale.dllir 
■ Hack £10 450 Ol 454 3543 
XJS HE 16H4 iHOOiim* I v-ar 
nuleis wan.u.ii tlf. «£, 
Ruhaiit Motor* 021 64.1 5335 



4ERCCDC5 IM D Srpr ns r r.-g 
6 rtrrt n.ile* in -uguel .ro. 5 
*pei-d sin no irai ventlef 

I 4. in ISH owner , ehi, |e rai.dilmn C| \. r A>0 
Dealer lac. Idle* available T.4r 
phnnp .n25a. 675iri .nilii'r. 
■0254. 24667 .« r* wkeiHlM 


0962 S82577 

1984 AUDI Ouallrp B tea era 
h aihn uphuMerv vunnxil. 
1 1 OOO mile*, imnur rendmon 
Ihimamoui e month* ekiruded 
warianiv £io 250 01969 

0613 .H> Ol 20? 0003 .W. 

GOLF on CONVCNrmf Umn 

eg nfilion While June |OfJd 
IOOOO ml* Alarm sieren. 
L8 OOO ono Tel 01 639 3JJ3 
WL 01 rffi B230 Hm 

wailF/W/ Auinoi iwd VW deal 

er naveoict 20 GTi's stitoon* A 

romerlible* available lor 
mi mm ael. wmr al per inrrraw 

urge D5H2 H72I02 Open Sun. 
■ Ti 

AUDI COUPE CT A rrg 1983 &U 
vri min mark uphoejerv* .-ascan.- wen main, 13(00 ono Trl M08 
542666 MiUunh 



1-akeWsgn# "‘I* ronCUBin 14 r 
■rjWMr.rn 6TW* .Ids Iran 
.akanmwe . ■ 
le- ir 1 1 J- ;e 1 W I jfMadUk La nk 

MwmW w. li'uijcri^ uwtk rh> 

i Irani, .r sifc paaiki,1gn Vimorvlg 

irw .dwwv . . 

5n*BV«kv IhrehtreretWBU ikw . 

D^H *0 0 m BK imm. Ireka 































au. 1 

























A time for flowers. 


• More chan words can say 














4 . 












. co* 
• JUT 
' hai 

8 . 
























10 . 





lal A 






tin A 
one > 


■am*, mambaoh, buth* 

hi * l» VAT. 

'minimum 3 tinexi 
Anno untemrn ta. auiftcpll 

eaiM bx . Uw name and 
Permanent achtma at Uw 
lender. may or vem la: 

me tmi 

AO On 484 

VkgMa Ind 
Leaden U 

or mmiwiimi (by Mepngne 

uUKmbcR «my i id. 01 4*1 

Announcnwt' can ba re- 
ceived bi inuabm buwen 
9 00am and s.30pfn. Mon- 

day io Friday, on Saturday 
Iwwwb SOOsm and 
IZnoan. •«■* 4000 Oaiy). For 
PUMKallon the following 
day. phone oy i sonm 

FonMcawma auunoAOKA, 
MIEOBam, rtr on Cowl and 
Social Page. » • Daa r JBN. 

Court and social Pour an- 
nouncements can not or 
accept ed by telephone En- 
qvunre to- 01 All 4100 
Mow outer damned advrr- 
llsemenis can be accepted by 
leteplton . Tne deadline Is 
3.OO0m 2 day? prior to puMi- 
calion <1 o S OOpm Monday 
lor Wednesday'' Should you 
wish to send an adxertue- 
menl fri wrlung please 
Include your daytime phone 

N> I MCNT. K you luxe any 
duenes or prootems rrlaluto 
io yexir aovertnemenl once il 
IMS appeared please contact 
our Customer Seri ices De- 
partment ay telephone on Ol 
401 3000 

HICKS Dot i.l Chjrlps ta'e*Jey 
On din F.-nruary in Kewru 
UP-UPOn-Tt no. son of John 
and Man and brother of 
Oi/at»-m Funeral sen ice al 
Hi ride Street Method tsi 
Church, inear Manchester 
Souarei London. Vv 1 On 
Tuesdav laih February al 
2 00pm. Oat id will also be 
remembered dunrvq the *er 
\ inr al West Av enue 
MeihodnJ Church. Cos/odn 
Newcastle on Sunday 23rd 
Fetjruarv at fe.SOpm Cifls In 
place of flowers may be 
made to Oxfam 

I5HERWOOO On January 
29lh 1 966 . in Norfolk A Nor- 
with Hospital. Joyce aoed 
86. wile of the late Cant 
ReniouJ Kherwood. mother 
of Jim and Maud 

vinrwe m my Lhe Irani 
Of my life sAme Hllh me lor 
e> er All any lose Valenline. 
tan Douglas 

KESSLER - Irene iMimu 
lotind mol her of Alexandra 
and Annabel, formerly lhe 
“He of James Kessler and 
sounder daughter of the late 
Vvuir Baron von Renew of 
Klein Flotibek and of the taie 
Maaame Marauenie ih'aiyi 
van der Siraeten of Antwerp: 
■n her *fecp ln hospital on 
Triday 7ih February. 

. There a none like imlo thee 
LOAD. Ih-Mi art greal in ratgM 
Jeremiah IO- 6 


ACER 1 1 lb February, io Cro 
and Richard, a daughter. 
El isc 

‘ COX On 1 1 ih February io 
Maxine irwv Rt*.ei and Mi 
rhacl. a son. Alexander 
Sloan Leonard. Cod's gift 
EVANS On liih February 
Belinda .Mini Nee Howard 
and Mirnael. a daugmer 
Camilla Rose Luna. a stsior 
for Alice. 

HAND - On February ?lh 1986 
al Lewisham Hospiial io 
Catherine mee Alien' and 
Da* id. a daughter Emily 
Judnn. a sisier lor Rachel 

HKS8EE On February flih m 
Au$nn. Texas. IO Janel mee 
Harman- and NToel. iwm 
sons. Edward George and 
. Daniel Harman, broineis tor 
Vvuiiam and Matinew 
JONES On February I2lh to 
Nicola -nee Cnalwini and 
PirhJrd. a dauanier Pnilippa 

-JOY On 6ih February, at SI 
Peler's Hospital. Chertsey. io 
Susanna tneei Davidson and 
to Michael, a son Toby Wil- 
liam Michael, a brother for 

ary I2lh in me West London 
Hospital Io Belinda and Sam. 
a son iKll Alexander!. 

PALLAS - In Rhodes. On 
February 11 Ih. to Manons 
and Manna mew haramanosi 
a son. S>eianos. 
PATTERSON On February 5lh 
al Queen Cnartqliex Hospi 
lal io Ma r >a and David a 
aaiKimer lunnne Ooiai a 
simm nir L'l-ise and Da. ij 
RICBY Oil Fmi ||ih lr- Si 1 ". 

inee.K'-'w- xno ■sn-pnen 
-son. H iil'ain PMrr a dm i. 
lor C"i|i> 

TRIMMER - nn fi-mu^r, , . 

C'l-'tl V.hdlN-11*^'-. ' . 
Sharrm JIH1 Du . d .I....UI - 
f i'IM Its p nlr a ww 


LTTE Consunce Man ha. dear- 
ly beloved mother of Sara. 
Edwin Charles and John, on 
February 1 1 th aged 79. 
peacefully in her sleep. 

MARKS ■ Edith Joyce Come 
'Vvenovi of WelUnqton. 
Somerset, died peacefully on 
Tuesday 4tn February 1 986. 
Vv idow of Brigadier R.N F. 
Marks. 3rd Gurkha Rifles, 
mother of Ipe late Rosemary, 
and daughier of tne late 
Maior General Come 
Hudson. C.B . CIE. DSO. 
FHCA. and Mrs Hudson 
Private funeral has taken 

MARTIN On February 1 2th 
1986. Brigadier Owen Mar. 
Im DSO. late 

Northumberland Fusiliers. 
Mountain View. Bunctody. 
Co We* lord, lined husband 
oi Sbeelan 

THORP - On 1 llh February al 
North wood, in her 92nd 
v ear. Gladys wife of lhe late 
Frcuerich and loved mother 
or Arthur. Joan and tne late 
v prior. Bert Ira al Emmanuel 
Church. Norlhwood al 
2 15pm Wednesday ITOi 
February, loiiowed by 
Iniermeni al Hart&w Weald 
cemetery. Flowers Io E- 
Spark. ICU Pinner Road. 
North wood. Tel: 2S372. 


UOALE Winifred Laura aged 
te on -th Feb peacefully at 
•vingsion Hospital. Funeral 
ser\ u-e al Si John's Hampion 
Wick, al i OOom on Wednes 
nay 19th February followed 
b\ pm ale cremation Family 
flowers only Donations n de- 
sired io lhe Princess Alice 
Hospice Esher. KTlO SNA 

Oriental Art 

Spraklr 3rm I rami 4 
V Vratm Sa fnrCv 
'MpjAnir PI **1 TSM.?I W 

TuU lop A pedrsul oevks DOuk 
caws. laUes. r hairs. Irg 
warnrenex rnms. piriure* nr 
01 SA5 014B or 01 MB S1\ t> 

VAU6HT0N Robert Radford 
formerly of Ha ns worth. Bir- 
mingham On February Sth 
al Fairbounte. Gwynedd 
Funeral on Wednesday Feb- 
ruary I9ih al 1.00 pm. Lodge 
Hill Crematorium iSellV Oaki 

WILLIS On \2th of February 
1966 peacefully In hospital. 
Harold infield, beloved hus- 
band of Eileen and adored 
father and grandfather. Fu 
neral service al SI Michael 
and AH Angels. Coomoe 
Bissei. al 2 15pm. Monday. 
l?ih of February- followed 
Dy private cremation. AU en- 
quiries lo. H A Harold and 
Son Lid. 77 Eslcourl Rd. 
Saltsbury 21177. 

WILLIS - On February the 
I0ih Eileen Burnett, 
suddenly in hospital, beloved 
wile of Harold and an adored 
mother and grand mol her 
Funeral service al Si Michael 
and All Angels, coomoe 
Bi«setl. al 2 IS pm. Monaav 
171h February, followed by 
private cremation All 
enquiries to H A Harold and 
Son Lid. 77 Ctlcourl Rd. 
SalKOury Tel Salisbury 


purmawd -ALMOST WW 
SOS UxOndge Rd WIJ 01 ST g 


0 Trrv Hornbv 
Mrrrano 0370 2S TT7 



Massive stocks of wool 
Mended Berbers from 
£395 t VAT. Plus many 
bargains In room slues. In 
all quail lies 

Tel: 01-731 3368/9 

Free estimate • Expert lifting. 


London School of 
EVm*p- and Ouq 38 hums Rd. 
SH 3 01 Wl 7201 
■Hid -rnooi 1 18-10 age group! 
Tel Ol STS lOoO 




We are an esiaWrOwd proc 
nrrmSWI wan a young and 
iiirtv rrudeniial leant and 
are seeking an experienced 
prrwm io ram LA II you are 
o«rd 25 ss with a oooa 
knowledge « me Central 
London revioenhjl markeL 
pleave .otilaei 

8. Denbigh Sum. 
London SWIV 2ER. 

01*834 8000 



The prroictr prolmtDn 


Operaie Irom tame, pari or luntimr. No rapttal needed- Brnefll ■ 
friuii our expenenre advtung rtnHi in 130 mininn unrr 


FREE 8ROCHLRE No obttoatKm. no M*. 
rttaTHOAV WADE iCOnvUUntal LM 
Dept LKP1 PO Box g. Swindon Wiltshire ■ 


EXQIMSfTE hand mode tMtadrd 
drev. 1 00% el k isamotrel 
CISCVCSOO Trlepnone Mrs 
CoUms 01-990 52i2 


ELLIS - Maud AleearNlrlna 
F.gir uan I am IW| oriot m 

nKdher oi vman and 
Hwmicta. whove humour and 
rnuiage Otowpd us the way 

| FINEST quality wool carpets. Al 
Irade nnrev and under, aho 
a<4if*Mr ion exira Large 
room sore remnonn under half 
normal pore. Oionrers CaroHs 
Ol 405 MU 


McLELLAN On 1 31 n February 
i j bo peacefully william 
ageo 88 years, of lhe Grana 
rv New R>ud Tadwnrth. 
nelov ed nusoand n< Manorie 
dear lamer nt Moira and lain 
and muen lo>ed grandialher 
F unerai cerv ice al ine Surrey 
A SuMex Cremaiocium. 
BaKomtpe Road Worlh Nr 
Craw lev Sussex on TuMar 
l&ih Februarx. ai 1 1 30am 
Family flowers only. Dona 
imns io Friends of Guys 
Hospital. London SCI. 

METNELL Cm February tOlh. 
al Hiqnqrove Nursing Home. 
Brignion. Joan uwr Hen lev i 
wne oi Laurence Meyneli. 
mother oi Julian Bdfraoe. 
Bv her reqne-rt cremaiion 
service, which has already- 
taken place, was private 

MITCHELL on February 1 1 ih 
i 0 co peacefully ai me John 
Raucliiie Hospiial Oxford 
V»ra Cieanor Lilian Gibson 
Mile hell aoed 88 years, be 
•oied wiieoi Rill lormerfy ol 
Swnnrook. Oxiord Many 
urai. s ui inaniu- lor 64 happy 

Mum. a *»0»D 

The more 
you help us, 
the more 
well find out 


we have IK Sets for ItaM-ud all 
l heal re and sports Tel. 631 
3710. 657 1715. AU motor 
credit cards 

THE TIMES Original Wsues 1846 
loSo Of tier lilies avail Hand 
hom'd ready tor Presentation 
also "Sundays'*. C12 SO mcl 
Remember When 01 668 6323 

UATflKMIB Any even! |k 
C ats Ooienl Cdn Storliqm Exp 
Ol 826 1678 Mamr crnlil 


nCMTI lor any esenl < 
Surligru Express. 42nd SI All 

theatre and sports. 821 6616 
VlU 1 All 

PIANO Small Malnraany uprtgni 
1st Class ran Tunes C545 Con 
arr.vw delivery 01-455 0148 

M A 
ONLY U.lf« 

PS6K RAM. 33CTC S'"* Olxk 
Drnr. ' Slur** park soli ware, 
inr lodes NLO prinrer 1 

0734 733621 
271 Mm MW Ml 


for the acquisition of private companies. Will 
consider Joint ventures with established compa- 
nies currently under financed. Retirement sales 
and management buy-outs especially welcomed. 
Private share puchasers arranged. Telephone Ol 
935 5795 or 486 6139. 



L '.' day seminar including 
how io complete reqalra- 
iion form Location 
Birmingham For funner 
delaib ring 0943-473066 
or 0545-472B1S (Not on 
answering machine) 

British Heart Foundation 
{The bean research chanty I 
102 GfOiiC ester PUCE, 
London wim eob 



if you're blind... plenty, 
if you're old... many. 

BIT if you are blind & old & deaf | 

W« da’ «ff dolled. speriaEst, 
caring staff make aire of lhaL 
Your m n tinning support with 
operants, danatras and legacies | 
will mate sure, doubly sm. 

Hie Royal Association 
in A:d of (he Deaf and Dumb | 
Ole Gab Road. 

Acun. Loftdoo Ul 7HN. 

Thrown FasAJlM)] 
Wotaj * G««An Lnhn. Eaex. Rest. 

a 1 8th Onlury rqilKi furni 
lur*. including me Brouqbton 
Manor ratirctum tram our own 
tanl Counlrv wrarkihop. 
tout BrHl Tinman. Tllrtmiarxn 
ana Goodwin Home approtol 
wrv m* inirnor assign XJ mu 
lion Hocks lor tmmcdiatr 
dent cry NHIMOrd. near Hvn 
Wv on Thames iO*S3< 810952 
TMC TAKES (1814-1989) Give 
someone an original Issue doled 
me v»rv day Kiev were born 
C.12 5C or 2 lor 122 OO plus 
Inr 1860‘s newspaper A arm 
ing? card Tel 486 6309 
WnlJM & Krugrmnos want 
ed Top cash pores paid 
taortnern Bullion Ud ■ Brokers 
7A4 Havelock sired. Blylh 
Non numoed and 
BOARDROOM Table lOto renl 
Manoqjny Approx 16 feel 
C2.800 Tel 01727 1301 tTt 





* Hi 


it F.mriiarv 1 1 
in X i»»" live \ ■-! 

. R— eraml rnknii Amwoi .on 
USB xinni 01 Amoi.-ien-jn 
.«wn 76 r ai'd bu'ui ji 
rmoMMIn Are— s an 
r. niiutv me lam ai 2 30 pn. 

ANDERSON Pearefullv at 

Vve5iprn General Hospital. 
Lflinourqh on February ttih 
i wWb Professor David Steel 
Anderson M A.C A . beloved 
busoond of tne tale Cicei> 
Bouskdi Anderson. Dear i a 
Uier of MKnael. grandfather 
ol Andrew and Karen and 
betovco bromer of Muriel 
and Bay Service at 

Morion ball Crematorium 
Mam chapel. Edinburgh on 
Monday February 17m at 
1 1 am Family flowers only 
Alt mends welcome. 

ATKINSON Ernest Ham son 
Wynne. Al La’ enham. 
Suffolk. February J4ih in his 
t»aih year. Betoved husband 
Of M H.A 

BAILEY . peacefully oft Bin rra 
nun 'SLMiiev Crnes! Jasi tvs 
M A Obex heia. Caternam B. 
lev rd lamer of Ormqi.n 
spfirun and Svltxa ana uwir 
tamiltpv and bromer of Cor 
oon Hr »uk rus ararm wne 
Agnes, wno pawed ««iv 1675 
in Bedford Cremation iook 

pure ai Cros don Crematorium 

on Thursday I3to rroruar> 

8URD0N Katherine 'nee 
O'Reilly) ww of Dortor Da 
vld J Burdon. peaceful I v on 
] 2th February. Requiem 
Mass at 15 00 hours on Sat 
urday 1 5th Februarv' 

followed by interment in Si 
Mary's Cemetery Buuebeni 
May she rest in peace. Amen 

!>• at 

- CAK EXREAD on lOUl February 
1986 pawed away peacefully 
Caroline Amy Loubr 
Cokrareod. nee Sargent. 

Hox e. Sussex Requiem Maw al. 
CTiurrh <n Si. 7 homos lhe Apos 
lie. Daxrador Rood Hove on 
Thursday. 2«n Fr«ruarv 
7 30pm No fldwrrs Pul dona 
nans please lor- Cardjac 
Deiurfmerl DnrreliOTurv 

Tuitd. Royal Sussex County 
Hospital may be arnl 
Bunuard A Scot Lid . 90 Sack 
title Hoad. Hove 
CAMPBELL - On February 
lOih at Greystones Nursing 
Home. Bradford, aged 00. 
Jane Boswell Campbell 
M B E . formerly of Saitpaih. 
SI Albans. Funeral al St 
Barnabas Church. Heaton. 
Bradford, al 2pm. Tuesday 
February 18lh. fallowed by 
private cremation No flow- 
ers by request 


Earlet iLyliei passed away 
peacefully 2 February !B6 at 
B unbury Regional Hosipual 
Vvrvjern AiMralta. Loved 
Mother and Mother In Law 
of Peter and Susan. Grand 
mother of Sarah 
PREY on February I2lh. sud- 
denly m hts 77th year. 
George. Much loved father. 
Bene! actor and Patron of 
Southampton High School 
tor Boys. Donations In lieu of 
flowery lo Terence Higgmy 
Aids investigation Trust. 

GRAY - peacefully al Cnaimen 
Hospiidl Edinourqh on fOlh 
February 1 986 aged 93. An- 
nie Jane of 9 Momingsidp 
Park. Edlnfaurqh. Funeral 
scrv ice af Si Andrews and Si 
Georges Church Edinburgh 
ai 2 p m on Monday 1 7 in 
F ebruary Pm ale cremation 
. thereafter 

HAIG FERGUSON ■ Peacefully 
on 25th January 1936 al 
Duiucgan Nursrnq Home. 
Edinburgh In hry 69ih vear 
Pairirk Heron Walson Com- 
mander RN youngest son of 
the Die James Haig Ferguson 
LL.D M D. F R.C P 
Penelope Gordon Ferguson 
The rremauon was pen ale al 
hfc reuunl. 

* uu ** us - Al Bastnosioke 
hospiui on 7ih February. 
EWecn Hilda, irvet &mpwm. 
widow of Left and suler of 
Prqqy Jerman. Service ai 
Guildford Crematorium al 
2 SOpm on Tuesday Maim 
Olh. Flower, to Spencer A 
Peyton. MO Worung Rood. 


N." 1 III. i III I. • f .aids 

i - IT y lie* Ann. ai 2 >J 
HEILSON • On r ehruaev 1 2th 
i TSO Aiurorirt-I I dr. line Neil 
k'n H*ev Ca r ruinery. wile Of 
IM IJI.V r reoerir Nodkes and 
of me late William James 
N-iluxn. moiher « Doreiie 
V» Inna) er and me late Ron 
aid rreoenr Noakes. Funeral 
al Berrnw Churrn on Thurs 
nay. February 20to ai 2 30 
Tamilv it ewers only, but do- 
nations. if desired. 
National Canine Defence 
League or Donkey Sanau 
ar\. r o Nanonat 
v»esimin«ier Bank. Church 
Slroi-i. Malvern. 

NELMS - Norman Havwocd. 
|<Ti|ii.. tyn lair, reoruorv al I*. Hiwniai dearlv 
lo*ra faim-r qraiKiiam«T and 
Inriu x, up » ill re- mrw-d bv >o 
n vi i it Cremalejii Tueulav 
IHin roonrars ai MjnWiw 
CrrniaiiHium Xinlerv Park 
1C 1 5’ am Lnauim-v ia Miner 
r uix'ral Dnwtuis. 45 Mm ilk- 
Ba xtaiaxione. hrM <>>22 

NEWMAN on 1 1 Ih February 
pearrfuily al her home 
Saran Ellen Of Lams Farm 
Ouariey. Hants Dearly foxed 
PHMher of Julia. John and 
Booerr Funeral Service 
Monday i7ih February al 
2 I Spm al Salisbury 
Crematorium Flowers and 
enquiries Id Will Case and 
Panners. 22 Churrnnetos 
Pd. Salisbury 24389 
NEWMAN - on February 12lh 
1986. peacefully- in his 
home. La iqs aged 92 years 
Much loved husband of 
Maqda and brother in law Of 
Lari and Alice Cremation al 
Puincy Vale, on Tuesday 
February 10th. al 2 00 pm 
OAKLEY - On February 5lh 
suddenly at Tonbridge. 
Dcrolhy Mary, daughter of 
lhe lair HE 4 A.I Oakley 
a ged 7s years 
PATTERSON peacefully 
I3itt February James 
i Jimmie i Fairwealher 

Rodger aged 86 formerly of 
Gaiionside. Melrose and El 
gin. Moray. Ex captain 1st 
Melrose Bovs Brigade, past 
RWM of Lodge Melrose Si 
John No l arid Elder of Old 
Parish Church. Melrose The 
dearlv loted husoand of the 
late Marv and me devoted 
daddy of Sandy. Cremaiion 
prit ale 

RCNWICM PearHullv 

tamm-vlay- 12 m February 

1 gfra in a eurvna how ttt U 
■nbnrgh hunuiM Long, wneol 
llw idle Professor Wiiuam 
Lindsay- Renwirk Sevier i 
vloeiormaii Ceemamriuni pen 
land Chapel Eamourah. 6 
Monday 1 7in f roruarv t 

2 45pm In uhrh an Ire ixb ore 
rexwnxxrty inxiteg 

SHAM Javanhul on rrnrudrx 
1 2m ai Anmraooad in Incna 
alier a Iona nines* Huuund ol 
Mars Cl<7rra. lamer ol jgfin 
Cnrnime and Anthony TH 
C»2I 816818 

STOREY on Ash Wednesday. 
PhyiiK i Popped nee 
Bui let field her warmih and 
wisdom will be areally 
missed bv her family and 
friends Funeral at St Prier 
Ad Mrsruia Goggeshail on 
Wednesday . ISin Fenruary 
al 12 noon No flowers 
please, bul donations if 
wished io Dr Bariumo'x or 
Age Concern f o A Btrkin & 
Sons. west Street. 


February mil. Hullon. of 
Broad well House. Market 
Lav inqion. Dev rms. 

Wiltshire. prvirMlutly In 
hospiial. murn loted and 
tot mg tuikoand of Margaret 
and lalfier nl John and 
Stella. F unerai al St vtary 's 
Church. Mark el Lav melon, 
on Tuesday, rehniary I81h 
al 2 30 pm. F towers 10 
Thomas Cye. Market 
Lav inacin 

SZULDR Z TNSKI Ja n nn 7th 
r eoruarv . m Lonqon. 

LL M nr JLR ana Professor 
of Polilifdl Srlence for many 
years dlHbllnn ervily Ad- 
dK Ababa r uncral ma-g on 
February 20fh. Mam at 
Church of Christ the King. 
Crescent Gardens. Wimble 
don Park. SW19 


-i s.'i k-mih Jein rxenox IV 

- hi ag nr wile U 

n|.*..t On FCb Irumura ub 
. iw n, no- 6e*r, wnlrnrM 
'« i in ar jrmr rurir la 

n.-iii ■ .m»p aunc-trah n en lhe 
tH-T>n Itnriorv warnea mat he 
iaii'"T xemr il H you ra re. 
con. art rounol for CARE, 
vnwiig 6 4 E ai 37B Mew 
Ca* endtxh SI. London Vv iM 


KMQm attend dov CD col 

UjGI BETWEEN 1977 1970? 
■02961 630645 AFTXR 

7 00PM 

OERMANY Sumrnrr mb' 41*0 
Franf-e and Switzerland Sena 
Large S A E to V wl. g Park 
Eng Slrixx. Oxiord 
PIE PACE - Sorry IhK Is In the 
wrong cure W ill vou marrv me 
Onxwav The Prnnunl one 
SUMMER JOB dirertortes .x Britain al W H Smith 
Hr al 14 96 earn or tram Vac 
Walk 9 Park Cnd SI OxJord 
COON xavx vour Read a loo red 
but brotlare will love you 'nil 
he'* dead 

HKJRC Hi Mbxi love and mtyv 
you madly Huff, and Kiwe* 
xtoi >Biark Beaulyr 
SACRED HEART Thanks for 
gaining employ menl publtca- 
Iron oromised 

PIANO SALES Pianola speeul 

grand Sl-C C5 500 Slemway 
Hew York C9 SOD The Almy re 
upngnl Cl 050 Many other pi 
arm reeangi lionet) and new 
ranging Irom 0*00 io Cl I COO 
We aHO undertake repair*, 
luning. and raunci mantle 
nonre We do au work of lumna 
and main lain mo piano* on inr 
OC2 Aimvre Lid. 12 Eahng 
Lane. T alien.. Southampton 
Tel 10703. 868626 or 37412 
E.XI 37 


London-'* leading spertalni m 
iwv and reviored piano* for the 
large*! genuirie vefedion avail 
» 304 Higngale Rd. NWS. 
Ol 267 7671 Tree raUlopue 
and rreorwiincned Ouallly al 
rea*onable oncev US Brighton 
Rd S Croydon 016883613 
W l F pyano World, weondhand. 
new. rreondilignetl Lnbealabie 
prices 01-485 ISS6. 


PARK LANE Wl. Modern luxury 
flats, fulls furn 2 rmy ku a 
balhrm Porteraged A serviced 
Sun buunew Exec or couple on 
* oration. Short lei* from 2 
weeks lo J month*, from £365 
pw Appb Sue Daves 01-731 
4707 day. 09905 8932 eve* 
HAMPSTEAD luxury- house close 
lo heath 2 bedrooms, small gar- 
den rompamv let preffrrd 
£170 pw Phone 01 -485 7443 
tw day* ami. Ol 722 0972 
•w ends I 


SO In The lev la lhe door? Pink 
am ko at q o'clock Love you 


YOUR CINE FILMS Convened to 
Vidro lapr Any or Details 
Moiing Movies Ol 240 9129. 
YOU'RE a good wile now usirr 
I'll *rr v.xu in Ipswich All my 
BONHAMS Montpelier Modern 
Art Courses See Education 
I AN ICC. My Angi* spread vour 
beautiful wings and flv lor me 
USA mv heart t* w-ilh yours love. 

«tuMT.«tnan. Lme 

Forever. Wnxdv Bam 

HICK CONSTAHflNC I miss vou 

Kensington Col t v 2* nr swim. 
tlx. CoUmgnam Apt*. 01373 

CH E L S EA, luxury cenired Oat. 
from C326 pw Rmg Mr suer 
lock 373 1428 

smart 7 bed s c apt next lo 
Park Maid incl 373 6306 iTi 







foU bur 

V rnirji pm; l,.m 

ffmi/’fr'ur-.fciBf II r*» I -in 

iri ,,«*'! I '.ii < (T-an'i 
mlfr fn i*i J* /ixiun II urJ /J 
rrwri irvn/nliT 

I’h -rale /\* aaauwi 

tear r,W renxn , 
/wpi*. 'Mix ,u n<ni • 
lWi«« imircd 






Conference A Exhioaiicui ren 
Ire North Vorkshjre For 
Innher irdarmabon on nine 
line families in M23 6805 1 



Pirate ten us which product* 
or service* you reguire from 
or to Spain Our local experts 
win provide last and prmev 
taonal Imocmauon or select : 
supplier*, buyers. _ mrnis 
market analysis. *i»ecvauzed 
lawyers, nead hunters dc 
Let IO give you a ouow for 
payment oiler completion 

Telex 44701 CMED Allen 
lion FINDER or wnle lo P O 
Box 42 052 Madrid 28080 


Sera* tun lone agents in 
West Country. Midland*. 
North and SrolUnd Lam- 
ing* unlimited Telephone 
essential as you will be re- 
a uimd lo an*wer replies to 
our notional ads. Traning 
week in 5oain Reply to 
BO\ B29 


experienced progrratve 

property negotiator with 

Spanish ramnony and per- 
mits v*rfc» liaison 
partnership wlm i nio i A she d 

eomparue* able 
to feed polcni lal buyer* Very 
high cwnmgs pau AU «mvi. 
ote praposnnn* ronwqered 


NEW MARKETS, new pradurt*. 
Hundred* at current 
import export opporlunilie* 
monthly IEL- Orpr TA. 1 5. Sel- 
toge Lane London. MW 7 3SS 
■Ol 955 S6OO1 


quire* produ.-ts 3 mvenlidns to 
market Tes 062882 6153 

Small service industry 
company seeks private 
investor on short term 
up to 30 K. 

Evccllcnt return offered. 
Please reply to P.O. BOX 
031. The Times. 

nx We tequue Compute* 
Agent* Ihrauohoul Ine IK. 
High Larnmg* on a rammMtton 
bo*N Full produrt iramlmj pro 
Video Far further debuts write 
IO Farmaaie computer*. River 
skip House, war wiry Road. 
Carlisle Cumbria CAI 2B5 
TH '0228' 48345 

your Own u lazing business 
G lazing photographs on to plates 

1 Invest In orkpnai portable BUnog machlnes. 
direct from the manufacturer. 

Ita T«fc 04*7 4SZ0 *r eta bm SH to 


Tbe Motmtofn, Hof yite ad, Aadexy LL65 1YR 


cuwasn > RMieLj 

Newly aneraud and refpr- 
otsned Mi floor pparanenc ; 

compnstog Penralton. O 1 " 
IM Hoorn. KUfhrtt. Dbie 
P i xt ix ra eiL Sugn Bedroom. 
Aalhroom. ClwW»«*. 
rage fovr £2t0ow •" met 
CH - CHW. MfcMWjgM . 
*T JOfors wood. Him 

Hatvhnme w-e« dw 2-*»orey 

CmtMn town hf* * ,,n 
oreffv patio. 1 . 2 DOR Her*, 
ku. 2-3 a* 

Balhrm. ctoofcrm. uahu 
Dm. Pioyrm. mw £4B<tow i 


SUPCRtOfl FlaH A MP Af l 
A trad loe dUKaiuh. exerir 
pie* Lotto * short frit i Ih a" 
aea* L'Pt'ffrid & ro -H 
mariesomwi DiaT* 


cLjv* nritpmtr* lot lo ito rdtima 

tNs »ur ^ ^ ^iO*n wl 



Kfl-TH 4»«M 

.NAT -M pRx,xl*-f' W. 


cue no j;:i n 


m trie imHw kdixeen 

On*>Prt PL^lrlf 


CMUSA- buperb UsriPV fUt 
SO tounoe l dbie ftedrm tw* 1 
era kti -nrn f" 1 " *"?!• JTT 
occur LlbO P** 01 So2 9081 





B l fto W ■*«= 

MAYFAIR, Wl- Luxury MW furn 

flat lor milaL Needy der* 

partly *ec* irixl 1.7 & 3 bedim* 

£300 L8O0 o u -Mm tel 4 
miuh* pern outer A Co 

3 154 


family Flat in S. Ken*A9^ 
ion. 2 dbie- beds.. 1 SQM. 
bed.. baUi..shwr.. cUerm. 2 
rttfpy. AvaiL now. Co. 
Let £400 per week neg. 

"?fs S-, 



ISLfMCTON Altr.xrtix ell sdubled 
town house. 1C mtn* 

ray we* tend large rereplion. 
weH eguipped kilrhen diner. - 

double lyrytroonrs A 

studio *tud*. small oarden Wl 

si reel naiiim, LI '5 m 

wm«n "04 581 67891 
SJMTH ST *W3- luewly Her 2 bed 

3rd Or flat C 1" . n w . eler. Art 

& dramm m Co W v n b 

£1300 prm fur 6 l"l« » 

snort Iris t» peg Avail ttud Feo 

Tel Trorv or Roweiu on Ol- 

629 2791 Mon Fr> Ml M3 


Mirim PLATS and house* 
ov ailoMe and ip grnilv re- 
mured. lor tong or short let* m 
prime Central London 
tram C3O0 pw Ooranhi Con- 
slaiiune 270 Cart* Court Road. 
SW5 Tel Ol 24* 7363. Telex. 

UNFURNISHED deiarned lomiU 
house. Ktobthury KW KeWls 
deraraied and rarperied. o 
tMtms. owe rereo I J hal.7 

arms- rfOW rnrnsn a -«*■■■ 
...«. mSmI new futll eowP M. 
CH potto, garden. g-HAvdll 
now for tong ro lei £300 pw 
OI 244 7353 

HOLLAND PARK Wfl In an at- 

iroeme atuei rul-oevar. a luttv 
furnished newly bunll mat*. Lge 
*!■ with bairoiTv. tut diner. 2 3 
heds dmmg room. 2 balh*. Co 
Lei. 1 2 yry pref £375pw W 
OI 409 2299 H Ol 603 6461 


tux flats house* uo to £909 

p w Lsuol lee* reg. Phillips 
kax A Lewi*. South of tne Part, 
CneKea oflve Ol 352 81 1 1 or 
twyrlh of lhe Park Begems 
Park oflire. Ol 722 5135 

BeautrfuUv Jiwoinlrd 3 bed 
room. ? bathroom maisonette 
Superb kilrhen 2 minutes from 

SHOHl T<B*t OV PNor.1 V, 
UVBTTNL a xanr mjlr witr* 

; rtat rsr~tah*e. wngw irni*»er 

JCHI lull aaftu'rttai*. are to me 
FLn[ "if I unkm’un 

TAKE \OTlCf. Ihal by utitinnm 

sold gut Oi Hlr* < Caff SOU ha' , 

lyreji • anno liter lo nil n I'Clire 

.■11X11 IXsCl <£■ MOrvTMb alter 

[MfIJd Alioa hrtNu JA lf«a 

Craix-'ui and to the Plaintiff'-. 

A't'-vrpey OI im murium In 

getrad in gn*. In an i*!'«i 

wtterrni the PUnx'.Ml rLyqtrs 

: a d«:ie rt diioirr 
i an urTrr gwartldig :f»e nr* lads 

al lhe rthhlien. JAWe rWL'rP 

M ARTIST, to Plauuifl 

3 an order pw ardirwi ihe srwe 

oaatCtofRn.-p vn trsixri n< the 

d-'C'esaifl toner rtnuni-n lo 
promt iff 

4 an order gieertiea Ihe 
DrfndAH to pay mamlrn-uver in 

rrsprrf of IV kfwrsad minor 

rtHldrrn iu DM- sunt ol R290 OC 

pec fttmtii en rhiM 

5 rosi* pi star 

6 lurnu-f add or aurmeUte 


t C*i rad to Oise surn isodre 

U idgah*l nut Or van led ogamsi 

vci wtlSout larJxT irtnrixr to 


BL RC Uin 27in day « 

"A M I JRFA«i 1 
THE SLPFtvn rot HT 

301 rnttrrn 'slitwt 



Ft AtfsTirr-s attorncxs 

Karroo* £550 pn week Cone l pyj TCR*-t arit/BL tm 320 

MARBLE ARCH tnlendr deugnM 
2 bedrooms, large double rereD 

Iran with ha irony Amerma 
kilrhen marble tMlhreom A *ep 
WC. m pmliqe bhxk A\ ratable 
now Patanr Propcrtte*. 01-486 


Luxury Peril house 
fully lumtsnrd hurra dining 
room dressing bedroom, lutrh- 
en. bath »r. large I error e. 
paryoramirxiew* irtmtcdiolr let 
01-638 5953 

front £99. 50 mctuaix* 

mortem 2 brarnor w d I 

House Garage L2*D p w Full 
CH Available as lion Morcn. 
Company let Pref Tel 01-348 
0654 or o; 794 8294 

Same Day Company Swim Lid 
Bridge SI 181 Queen Victoria SI. London. EC 4 

TEL: 01- 248 5616 

Alyo Company Searches 


urgently reoinre flat* A house* 
in central London iiom £150 lo 
C2.000 gw Please CHI Sally 
Owen or Lorraine Campbell on 
01 937 9664 


S-W.CAPP iMatiagemenl 
■ t ires i Lid require properties in 
central south and wp*i Voodoo 
areas lor » ai bog appucam*. oi 
221 88-38 

No subscription. London's lowest rates. 

SLOAN ST SW1 Superb 3 bed flat 
in porter ed Mark Recap |||M 
with anligue* obiecl d'ort. Ige 
kM. 2 bain* acre*.* garden 
1650 pw Cootes Ol 828 8751 

01-242 2340 


No Premium 

Prestige turn rarorted show, 
room oilier* all mrlipn-e 
with pnone • T X liruned 
avail snort long term. Park 
mg lanlUiK 

Frara £75 pm 
01-829 4808 



.and counter _Mirved|anre 
equipmem for both the 
amateur & professional. 
Ring or wnie lor pnee Itsi 

7XC Lm Bndto Rd 
Lpndu E10 SAW 
01 SSS 422S 


ST JOHN'S WOOD. Luxury fur- 
niHird home. 4 5 <jme bed m u. 
2 3 rereplion*. 3 UJIhrm*. fully 
equipped kilrhen garage, polio. 
CSoO per week 01-624 8704 

No Premium. 2A hr. i 
res*. Prestige furn. 
carpeted offices wtlh 
phone plus Ux. from £70 
pw all Incl Short long 
term. Parking facilities. 

House* A Flats 
■ntougncnit me Docklands area 
kH Ox Let* From CIOOpw 
Dorhland* Properly Centre Ol 
538 4411 

01-839 4808 

FULHAM. Super ior sparxou* 
bed flat close lube Rerep. new 
krl diner, wosner dryer 
ram oon £145 pw Co Lrl 
Tel 01 756 1076. 351 5857. 


Noonnee* Sa'enaven ■ Jlrrly 

Oo24 29000 II* . O29209. 




Secure In vestment highly 
attractive to a UK 
taypayer For details apply 
In slrlci confidence lo BOX 

(Sole UK Represen la uves) 

NORTH LOH P OH Pro! p ers u t i lo 
*hare Iu* mat* Fully equip 
large grdn. © r. nr lube £1*0 
O r m e«l Tel 44 1 6530 .rv* 



emaMMUKES Quietly in 
Hasrings on January 25th. 
John Alexander Archer 
GtbCfi lo Bridge! Holmes 


HAPPY I si Birthday and happy 
Valentine* Dax . Laura Ham. 
mo« to Vxiin all ©ur love 
50th dad wrtcome I© Engtamf 
Love Lluia 


DARUNC ASHOO rnaek v on lor 
a wuiuienui firxi v,-ar of mar 

riaqe LOtrypu rorrtrrvour* 




I Tin pi FenruofY Conor alula 
lions Mum ami o*a Wiin 
de.K-psi rat e irnm Barbara 
Mirk. Randi and Mike, and all 
your gianiyrhiHlrei, 



Ptessure in ren*. lop rontpo 
mes free non* lei Bereslord 
freenost rsq'w-K-n MRU 8BR 
Tel nTwGSi 616217 ,24 hr*, 
CALIBRE CV-S pcUMdrialli 
wi liter, ,md produced 
e.irnoilulta I ■loe document*. 
n-’ieiK Ol 580 2959 
FRIENDSHIP. Love rr Marnaae 

VII jot*, arras. Dalrtlie- Depi 
7VT> 25 Amnadon Pn»i Lon. 

ttoii V*8 rei 01 93d toil 

esUH.vl nv mans. ■» rq,*inq 
rtr t ra>l JusTjO] 


leu lef u- in n r.jpiir ■ Mar r lave 

b.> i Heairud n-nm*. I ."’J 
. Bind SI HI Ol 029 

CLAPNAM SOUTH n©*e rube In 
aiiran b*e wnn foe qdn lovely 
bay window room £50 pw incl 
4 prefix unqir room Coo pw 
inrl K S Tef oi 673 4073 
room suit 1 2 per* CZ50 
iC12S. pin CH. TV Phom 
Ol 8264 Alter 6 pm 
FLATMATES Scyertivr Sharing 
Well eslaP inlrodurlory servKe 
PHe HI lar appl 01 509 5491, 
313 8r went on Pood. SI*) 
mouft flat o r wash basin it 
wash mar. etc all bills incl 
£300 prat Trt-OI 937 9S84 
MONTHS ACCOM. Hompxleod 
O' ret bed stl gverlookuiq 
garden Near Met & Jubilee 
Lm es TH . Ol 436 2029 
RICH MOffO Lovrty room in luxu 
nous riverside flat pnN. n * 
weekday* Onlv tSO per week 
i ncf Tel 01 245 5 >66 -day*. 
rm nose to shop* buy* pkq 
n V V.SO mcl Ol 622 2972 
EALIMC, ygwng prof M F la *b 
com I rial O r n * £|45 prm 
mcl. OL 840 2480 
FLAT nr Toounq lube & Cam 
mon o r C2gpw mcl Female 
graduate or prm 767 OS 1 9 
KMKMTSSRWCC Soneicws 4 hep 
lux rial . 2 raiin Harr no* C360 
pw TH. 01 584 6535 
PlfTHET pro! F 25 39 NS 
sixair Voxels not. o w £80 pw 
■nn nm mils 01 403 5303 ofl 
BWB 2nd person. VI F. fa snare 
llai own dbie bedrm Bafrom' 
1.48 e mil* 736-9599 Sol Sun 
9W1C Prof 1*4 F. snare in* 3 pea 
b*e. O R. CH IX S. £166 prm 
excl 679 T"3l oiler 6 50pm 
SW4 22 » pro m f. o r snare 
mnd mxd rial £40 pw e*rl 
avail imnxed Trial 22u 5Ca3 
SW 12 prof .to 25 * or £150 
prat e*rt . Nr Oap Sin lube 
Trl Ol 673 Sd69 Cv p* 

Wl «*vce for tui Jem nwnv 
mom CH foe garden, pari ing. 
cino pm inr Ol 992 9044 
share CM. Ilal wiln (OufHe 
O P . Cl 50 pen, 6| flTa 1212 
WIMBLEDON n s 22 * Ip snare 
flat a r Go* rn Ow lb lube 
£36 p w rv| 01642 7570 

and In 

• ■ • o 

Tihtto. ttccrac IW 
an) CortjUa Pm* 
flxTAfc wro a 

on 0734 733S21 
271. DM MH NMa 





Ex mall order slocks of 
returned goods Including 
clothing. furniture, 
hardware, household, 
loys etc Offered at huge 
disc own is. 

Tel: 0144 549444. 


Studlands Park, 

Newmarket Suffolk 

Prlcw from £11,000 

For WdBiaM sooty Ik 
M r A. Jeffrey, ideal HoUngs pie. 
Wg« Lodge. Station Apprascfi. 
Wen ByHeet. kt m-»vg . 

Tgl Byfleet (09323) 54288. 

tow TtatagJr rton» C id up 

Ucipotil in sianomery A 
publishing Lady Managing 
Director motor ily xha re holder 
seeks partner to awKf in dev el- 
oomral af solKl existing 
busineov Exrtlura opoorluniiy 
for energme indiv idual with 
flare for business manaaemenl 
Principles onlv please Reefy lo 
BOX 810. The Times PO Boa 
484. Virginia SI. London El 

bed modern mews house 
rage co lei pref C760pw 
March 3 Tel 794 8794 / 348 



Next day deHvery at 3 day 

01-645 9595 


OWNERS of which ARE 
LIVERY. will be sold by 
TARO. LONDON W9. if nol 
togue*. price 30B WILL * BE 
AX 4ILA0LE on application 
Newbury SlrceL si Barthofo 
mew*. London EC1. SALE DATE 
‘ MARCH 1986. with VIEW 
DAV on IO MARCH 1986 


Kensington, luxury flat for 2 
Maid service Ml. telephone 
colour TV CM. etc. 01 584 
2414 or 01 786 4281. 
street . nrwty decorated fur 
nobed house. 2 bed*. 2 oaths 2 
recaps £250 pw Tel 9*7 5763 
or 088 388 2J45 
KNMNTSBftlOeE. Soariou* 1.2 
3 3 bed lux flow | week lo 5 
mn I ns. From £2 25 pw Maid 
*erx avail Sloan* properties 
788 0548 
NEED HELP! I lom* loc a tors rental' 
ormmm publisher*. oi«r IO 
I rars exp with haute*, flau. 
beawH. snare* Afl area*. 

01 677 2610 7 Day*. 
fWMJCO 8.W.V Enrhamlng.] 
newly ram Ilal I dbie bedrm. 

1 lit rm kil 6 bam C H. r 
furn Sun ip a cple £| 
Wfl. Tel Ol 821 0557 
ROLAND SONS SW7, Sunny. 1 51 
fir flaL 3 bed*. slUing rm. 
ku b last rm. 2 bath*. Avail end 
March. 6 mUi*. £350 pw. 
Mask el IS. 01 581 2216. 


moBwti mew* n*e in ouiel ion 
lion nr ihr pom 2 3 beds. 2 
baths, oarage E32Spw Andre 
Lonoui re * Co 275 0362. 

Ige Inge. 3 beds. 2 bams, f t 
diner Iul u»r Clt A chw Own 
9dn C235 pw. 01624 
3816 2013 


I bed fiat oxertooking nver. 
fully serviced, lift, porter Col- 
our Mexnlon. £lS0pw Tel 
day* 405 6661. eve* 874 2239. 

_ hohdov let only 

Hogarth Ertale* 373-9537 
STUDIO FEAT MW in family 
House s months only Camden 
Town Large bed wl. *r nil. own 
entrance- u*e of new Wow pc 
roam newts dec throughout. 
GDI sun quiet angle person 
£750 prm 1 nr! Ol 485 6921 
Homrtorauv* has over 1600 
compuienxrd haling*. 4 
branrhe* and 25 *Lilf lo help 
you. For info call toe expert* 
677 2610 7 day* 

ury toi ran tamed two bedroom 
apartment lease : year £126 
per week 25 minutes Waterloo 
Available loth February Trl 
0932 240997 
Read I bed newly devranea a 
furn Mansion flat large recep 
KAB 3 min* Tune A Shoos Co 
Let LiSOpw W 586 2663 eve* 

HAMPSTEAD 2 bdratk I dbie . 1 
single kil with wash mar . root 
terror e ClSOpv* Co lei Wei 
794 8090 948 2966 
rlosc Hxde Park Large ncra 
lion, dmmg tiaH 3'- bed*. I ■ ■ 
balh* £330 P w Tel 584 1 16S 
MIC Clove public lions sort Prof 
person. 25*. a *. snore * spa- 
cious Hat. large own room. £55 
pw inclusive Phone 806 8092 
NIC Close public transport Prof 
person. 25*. 11 * shore « spa 
nous flat large own room. £55 
pw uvrluMve Phone 806 8092 
roimoilaMr 3 bed flat nose lo 
tube £200 per *Ml Tne 
Phone 01 909 3683 
ST JOHN'S WOOO Turn liar 3 
brdrmx. living rm. new 
Mil diner balhrm shwr-rtoak. 
CH. C230 pw 0454 414329 
SW3 1*1 nr Hat with * beg*, rer 
rm. kM 2 oalfn. a mnlrv* £220 
pw Ca let. William wmeti 730 

of *e ai 1 r un g? 

Hnmrtoralor* rental yr«m 
PuMnher*. 4 branctu* 25 stoH 
to help you’ Can 01 627 2610. 
ILS. COMPANY seek* fum MOO 
erne* ui best Loudon areas 
Agmlsi Ol 589 5481. 

W12 Lux Ipe sunn* flaL CH. 
■Pares- ku A bath. TV A Win. 
no billv. Co let tlQO pw Tel 

■AKERLOO INB 2 bed flN. 

WUking TV £110 pw DUier* 
677.3610 Heme locator* 
rerept . T\. Phone £81 pw 
627-2610 Momrtoraion. 

LAME 4 ora house sun 6 Vvar 
erx wmber TV Cl SO Other* 
627 2610 Homriocalor* 

> bed. p 6 block, 
•non lei Sun oral person £125 
pw. OI 794 1573 
NORTMCHN UNEI 1 due bed nor 
wosner £90 pw 627-2610 
Ho me lor at or* 

BT JOHNS WOOO 2 bear Domed 
f unrated ILU C H. ElOO pw. 
OI 794 6668 <Evr* l 
SWT. Central not studio t park 
mo £1 lOpw inr CH CHW. S G 
Bound Ol 221 2615 
SWIS Charming Irg Hghl. 
serxired b «tl. CH colour TV 
LSOrort p w TH Ot 874 4673 





t*, IHf. MATTER Ct Eli Lee* A 
Company Lnolird 
Cnmp-tnir* Art 1985 
a PrliiTOn was on 5 Den-mtn-e 
1955 orrxpmrd to Her vi«mv * 
Hah Court Oi lipjire 
xtafirhesier Dntrtrt Prmslrt Hr 
rn dir motion of aw rrauciion at 
1 hr rapuaf ol lhe above named 
■ utnpraty bum ££4 ooco>Yj 10 
EiOROCOOObtr returning rapiul 

wbM-n 1* m rx.-ey of lhe wtulv ol 

au* mat iftc said Pruuon 1* 
Ci i erted to be heard before The 
Hon Vs* ChonccHor toomrtl 
Ora Of 186 Draingaie 
Manchester on Monday me Tain 
do*- rd February i4Ho i* 

1: man 

ANY Crrmtoe or 5ha(ehaMrr 
of lltr said Company bifmdirra In 
oppose ihe making n jn Drorr 
tor lhe rat/ttnunon ol Ihr said 
iraurUMi of cornua tootiU opm-of 
oi ipe nmr of naarutgin person ur 
bv Caunrt far mat ovirp<r<e 

A enpy af me son] Pnnian w<n 
b* lurnnnrd 10 any *urh person 
fpqtlirtiig Hie unv by me 
tmdrrmeniioiied bnliritor* upen 
pavmenl of ihe regulated rharae 

rWrtJ uuy i Hh day of January 

Wifotov Clavdon A Artmirongs 
PrudnilUl Buddings 
l non Street 
OtfBvaju OL 1 IHR 
Rrt RV £5 876 85 
Sabritor* for the above named 


NO 0085 53 of 1985 



large rm. renlral TH end of 
wm tnvei oi 584 2637 ■ 

Wl CARDEN Sg 3 beds. 2 IWBV 
2 IMIlik ewelienl value. £350 
pw. WTP 93 6 9512 
W14 WRITER wiitai to lei e h. 
lop floor 10 a similar recluse 
£350 prm Tei .01 60s soul 

a peMKm was on lhe 16in 
Drcemoer. 19R5 prcvnlra to her 
Monsty* Hign Cotol uf JuxIh r 
to, (m'cotdiraalinfiaMnef’aiirrl 
lahan af me Share Premium 
Arciunl m me Oho* * lumed 
Comunv ranunum in 
£3745 105. 

GIVEN that Ihe SOM pel it ton r. 
dniYIrtl to be heard before ihr 
HnneuratHe Mr Justice Harman 
Ot the ftpgai court of JirJnr m 
.lhe »rond. London WC2A 2LL 
Ml Monday '-ihe 3Jlh Feoruarv 
19BCx " 

ANY Creaifor or Sharenotdrr 
of UF said Company desiring in 

opposr the mokiug ol an Ckii-t 

lor ih*- rmifirmation 01 Ihr ran. rl 
lotion ol lhe *am Sharp Premium 
Arrnunl should appear M ihr 
lime 01 bearing m person or ov 
Counsel ror mol ourpon,- 

A ropy Of lhe said Pennon will 
be funmhed ta any suth person 
rr cin rmg W u ne bv ine 
Aindmuennoned sohrnor* qn 
«vnt«*r« IhrregulalHxn charge 
tor the 1 

DATED I hi* 11m D» of Feoru 
ary lo£6 

Mufin Nalhanson 
7o Jermvn surra 
London SWIV 6NH 


rtow propedie* for long Compo 
lei* m central London 
l-tual Ires Slurgi* & Son. 01- 
244 7441 

WESTMMSTLR fully fora IUL 
Ige In mg rm. 2 dbie bed*, fit ka 
5 both rm. wjtn morh. dish- 
wayh.COllv. £150 pw Ol 821 
1401 n*. Ol 60 7 5156 

S C. 2 dtitc bed flat, rerep. UB. 
to* com . avail now. 6 mrnhs , 
neg. £150 pw. 777 4404. 

Spacious 2 bedroom fW. lasle 
fully dee All omcmlir* Co let 
£268 pw. Tel- 01 828 5091 2 

Snnritor* for the at*n 

e named 

COLISEUM S 836 3161 cc 

240 5258 


Ton i 7 OO H a«x Tomar 8 OO I 

The H mniifo tn W Hnmiliiu 



Sunday f ebruary 9 at 7 30 
1 nrrfomtaDre -lo fugnltafi! mcl 
pbghf of Sadler's Well* Theatre [ 
which fore* <1 nun*- on May 17 I 
1 986. 

Tirkrts C5C28 iFoyer Box Offlcr | 
open* ji o OOtnu on Sunday 1 
01-240 1066 19ft. 







Ihe rr editor* ol me abov e named 
Company whim 1* in*uq 
voluniarlly wound up die 
required, on or before Ihr 21*1 
day of Mojrn. ioac i« «md m 
thevt lull Chrruur, ana Sur 
name*, ihcw oddre*«e* and 
dewTipiiOfi*. (mi pornruiar* of 
Ihejr debt* or claim* and me 
name* and addresses 01 Itietr %o- 
brnorx .if any.. 10 me 
unqeewwwd David JuUan FCA of 1 Surrey Street. 
London WC2R 2NT me Umuaa- 
lor 01 the said Connanv and. if 
*0 reviuired by nolirr in wrung 
from the sokI Liquidator are. per 
tonally by meir Soiiciior*. i 0 
enme in and prove inrir drau* or 
rlaim* ai sorh lime and mare aft 
■avail ne *penf H *i in yurh nonre 
or in default thereof mey win hr 
excludiq I ram Ihe berwf.1 uf any 
diMribuliOn madr before *urh 
qebi* err proved 

DATED 1 hi* 6U1 Bay of 
February 198o 
_ Lbimdalnr 


tPtril to Id Dear are) 
A fan fc? WCHfL OEVDXE 


m»7 .1^** W » hereby gn rai 
utal lhe rredilor* ol live above 

. . -■ C^hPUIV. wforh r. bring 

“““I'**" voluntarily wound up. am fo 

Executive wide bHer 
era* req buanesv lo run from 
London home Ol A5S 6681 







la HUT VT w 1 01029 5116 

GALLERY 19. 1 0 Croavenor 51 
wl Ol 491 81 ,33 Cxnibiiron of 
Pevm.ivg by vnONL Till 3rd 

Sunaie London WC2 PI 83* 

3321 Rerorord info 01 839 
3526 wvavy I DR. Sun* 2-6 AC 
OL PxiriON IN.FOCLS -Mr and 
sirs Colima. ■’ ov w mini of Drrt>y 
Lull" April 27. Adm. Free 

HBW ART CtimiC ai Stoane & . 
Sta J Larlv works bs Bnuvh An 
1*14 Mon i'n 1 0-6. Sal 13 3 

PARKIN GALLERY, 1 1 Mol ram ? 
Si l.jvdon Sta I O! 23& Hiaa 
T reive v* Marshall 1901 1980 
Ptoxirr * Iiiirnr Jfof 



FUR BARGAIN of the vrar Ex 
lll*ll e liew finest Canadian 
vnx lull H-ngh roal Mlr-a i.rvn- 
ion vjiitna al £20 000 diK- lo 
■l.ilorwin rnr,:m. 
Sl.u.-rs lo. erd In wfl £8 500 
Willy Trf Ol 57U 0954 


** 7to tom. im um. 

i ma 

hew *» mra nravRmg ad wrg tmy fa> 
for R nt gad an guoci p on 

9 v*b n oats, PC Bom ami 
* * * RfoYef tan*, ng ra ton lm au 
loanpjn RrtMlMwcaiat RtNN 

Ida Mp b omt at «K Mttag of} »gnf cpa OB nut mrtl 

Pfosr^ wna rt» Oratos « nM W 6J torMlp ,*901 mMB delNI d WOB 

p 9 pe.i a ™ apa fee 

tofu go 8 nuben Mie mr ium* unaaas aM rooty imUMto B afri 
nsnras now shuts 2 -jwl 



ACADEMY 1 437 2981 DANCER 

2 CO. mol Sun. 4 io. 620. 
8 40 

ACADEMY a 437 8129 THE 
EMPTY TABLE fP-C.) Film at 
315. 846. 8 20 
ACADEMY » *37 hftio THE 
4 00. 6 IO. 820 

CAMDEN PLAZA *86 2*33 .rap 

Camden Town lulx n. Peter 
* **** * TWO 
NOUGHTS 'Ifi. rum al I *5. 
4 Ofl. g 20. 8 48, 

k'nfo* Rood, .nearera lube 
Sloaiie Snk Metal Devine's 


«1B« Film al I OO 300. 600. 
7 00. 9 Du Seal* bookoMe for 
la*l evening pHlormanre 

Montgomery. Alabama 

Brand nc* boiiding. hxaicd to one of the boot grownw areas 
of rbc U5A 




Nfw Vorit Suck Exchange Cora perry (n« worth 
IW: PO million dollar) 


In nut net 

JO years, wiifa increase every $ years by I7J%. 
The lease is Tnpte-Nrt. which means (hat ail 
expenses, such as insurance, real estate taxes, 
maintenance, eit are being io lolly paid by ibe 

tt - Avenge over 20 yean : 1 1.65V 

We are as International group pub afiiiuied and represen to- 
uxe offices m Miami, Ocoexa. Momreai. Fcankfiin. Essen. 
London and Lugano, operaiing for more than 10 yean, ihal 
offers hi&b-qualisy real esuic products together with a bfge 
display of services such as legaL fiscal and ffrunaai coosulun- 
cy. property managcmeniL financings, organic iron and 
nunapanmi of off-shore corporations, paw moo y manage- 
senL trust services, etc. 

Pkssc coo Lsa : 

IS. ne da Ceadrire 
1201 GENEVA 

let 02} TL4S.05 Tlx : 23670 oriom eh 


9K> 5252 I Engl 839 1769 i24 
hour Arrros Bookiiwu 

ROCKY IV .PC' in 70mm sip 
WW l* Doily 12.55 3 JO o IO 
R SO Loir- Nfofo Snow rwrally 
1 1 45pm All Pm Bookotor in 


930 5232 1 Eng I BM 1739.24 
hgur Array* Vl*a BOOkimM 
Burks l*. .pci tn 7Dmm tarp 
FJJ 1 Dallv 1258 3 30 6 19 
B SO Laic NighiShcvtr Fn 4 501 
1 1 CS Dm All progs bogkabir m 
art v a nr c. 


SaLiq. W THE SPIDER ond Dlaro a* wall bc itorifini 

uuirra. wioTFHMr ihr 1 8th day 
fou*raT rl I 10 to*" 1 "« inrar 

lull rh.rvuan alto vurrunw, ihmr 
« dr*rr,pHon* full 
PartHUlar* of ihrxr oral* ox 
rtairn* and ihr name* ond ad 
«* "toir Sou. nor* ur d py . 

COOOktAN FCA of 30 Cau 
Sji’yr.Ttorora London W2 oLF. 

" IBp to" 1 Com 
'} to rramrra by nolira 
•" taiUuyg from ih*. -aw Luiuma 
^ Ir -- 

151 Film al I 2* 
8 40 LATE. SHOW 

i 1 1 31"" Sal* Ol'll lk Bar SEATS 

BOOKABLE lor Evr Prat*. 


422 5 Pauisraofiru 

* 00 7 OO 9 oo 

TrujnuihjM" - - — - ^ 

IhZ? ln 8rfaull Ihrrrof 

hrtWuUL ? rxrludral Irani ihr 
*1 9'xlrxhulron madr 


'Tr.umpham" iTHnni. 



- — . ass Kws®R.asi«- 


*id Vkj Irfoph^p. 



4280 t 

Open dalle 

8« 1 1 1 IntogSo 

JJOjgiwSrdf Ihr Mi 
JJ*to«iO>o.paiiV air rratulrrd on 
Io 21 Morrh 1986 

..•“y 1 *•» Mirer luun 

fj*K,. . r too . «h ot rnrir 

TftWrt p iniST J 2« ,D 

SS; 1 ^ * S“- «Sw* Wr^j, ^.“T r *Y SlfraT Lmimi. 

,5wn All proat I c,.9?^ t ^ LguKidior of Ihp 

=■ » 555-“jrrir'rs 

H« Lmr 839 1929. 24 
hour gn ira £2 .qo *raH jw Ji. 
«ta Monday 

*WR MARBLE jitcu 

^ PTCKP1 nrerem hfom pilT 1 

VnllpTsA 0 ^ «*** br 

W to« for 

s-,vr^ w sss 

r, , - orr Drmrel 

,h * •toy of Frtruary 






TOMORROW Fronurv 9 al 7 SO 
A prrioraianra 10 hianiiglii inr 
Mtahl nl SafUrr'* tavll* Thcalrr 
lxharfi lore* r Knurr on MJv |7 

Tk-fcrt* C5-C25 Scat* ax ml on Ihr 
day from 6 OOptn 

81-2*8 INSilni 


Cairlra. taCC? Ol 240 

I'M 1912 CC BUiwBnr ,i.fa 01- 
83o 6^03 Mon bai lOamSren. 
65 *rat* a*»U Irom VOem on no* 
day Tirkrt* OprrJ fiom C7 OO 
BaHra from £4 £0 


Tod.lV 2 30 A 7 30. Thur 7 30 La 
F illr mol gardra Tur 7 Jo Moon. 
Bal Ira Coming lm Ol 240 9815. 


Lfon. Fn BOO Saiomr 

YOUMC VK 928 6363 CC 

Lid If kS W^v^T^M 

«CRCB*^ ClxJjKf 15 NOnct 
•ran 588 vvnr 10 W 

19 ns ffUI ^LS!S*to -* rt 
erranor* « LnxfJIV 3 * ,h " 

ED. »RT 

• Tonnar Tpm.riy.rt 4 fn 

JwnUDRMO-iuiSS,^^ »3hS£?££Z2£** 


* TUWO «« 

™“ we AKfttop* TRAr- 

onU-war play 

A now 

•*»«. OPERA HftafCF* ' i~m n ~7 

Gnrdm. . cm foil 

»066 191] cc c Stanar? 


■ » r duu 

the royal BALLET 

cSfon, jgffgdgg* 

Mdlirhraii wf 0 . siren. 

Gfl IhrTg,^ 1 On Tur* 

Ihr Rurprra-t n.^!° rk "■d«sv. tor 

* lED rHE -r« «ax „ 

Tw^nbebrv or 

COLRT i Sy * « for HIGH 
Jdlllim-y ^ 


FAY !L HA LL of r AIR 

PI. ACE. Sw., . FLLtaOOO 
^ bran WCiv 6DW 

of r AIR 



“to u with- 

OMr*lfoL n V l " « litapreura. 

s,u dm m January 

ka 0. IWO. 

M C IV ml 4 LL 

f & ‘^f.l 

J^iN *> l jS£> 



r'm ^ — 2 t tvii/rw i** oo 

Today s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


•• t 

• • 

. • ,r *L. 

•• &•» 


• J 

• * *'i- 

• ■ • • , * / : V": 

f'S 5 eef »* AM. 

650 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bough and Debbie 
f’ff’ 725,7.55 and 
» «55; r egional news, 
weather and traffic at 6^7, 

7.27, 1ST and W- 

national and international 
J^Oand 8.20; Lynn Faukis 

Waxrsconsumo- report 
at 8.15; and a review of the 
momi^ newspapers at 
W7. Plus, ways of 
improving Britain's football 
image; weekend shouinq 
aejwce; Alan TTtch marsh's 
Phone-in gardening hints: 
and a round-up of pop 
musk: gossip 
8-20 Ceefax 1030 Play 
1&30 News Altar Noon with 
Moira Stuart and Chris 
Lowe, includes news. 

headlines with subtities 

12^5 Regional news and 


1-00 Pebble MS at One. A St 
Valentine's Day special 
with Leo Sayer staging a 

0.15 Good 

Good Morning Britain, 
presented by Aime . 
Diamond and Henry Ketty, 
E^rases at Sinews 
with Gordon Honeycombs 

at 6^0.7-00; 7 JO, MO, 

840 and 940; sport at 
645 and 744; cartoons at 
7-24 and &02; pop video 
at 745; Nigei Duster's 
gossip column at 8.17; 
Jimmy Greaves’s 
television highfi^tssa 
044; Nanette Newman 
with a Si Valentine's Day 
recipe at 845; JuEe Brown 
interviews Bdouis Some 
at 9.10 

• How to Survive the 9 to 5 
(Channel 4, 1040pm), a study of 
Stress at work and how to five 
with it rattier than die from ft is 


required viewing if you are Type 
A; less so if you are Type 6- As 


romantic song; Peter 
Seabrook wftfi a boquet of 
rases; and romantic 
novelist, Sarah Craven. 
The programme also 
jndudes an appeal on 
behalf of the Borntagham 
Hospice for Children 1.45 
King Rotfo, narrated by 

945 Thames news headBnes 
940 For Schools: Me in a valley 
847 How we used to Hva 
problems in the mHng 
Industry 1049 Junto 
Maths: overlaps 1046 
Science: Keeping cool 
1048 Engfish: part one of 
Rosa Guy’s, The Friends, 
a story set in Harlem 11.15 
- How baked beans are 
manufactured 1 147 The 
ways different animals 
move 1144 Uses of 

1240 Benny and the Allotment 

Clair* Bloom and Jody 
Gtaac Qaand i^ 1140pm 

most of us are probacy Type A- 
minus or 8-pius. Martin Lucas's 
film which sees us as either Type 
A (rushed, busy .wonying) or Type 
B (calm) can omy heighten our 
tension by making us feel fike 
aberrants. Judging by foragin' s 
film. Type A the majority. 

Income tax offices teem with 
than (three times as many stress 
victims as any other desk-bound 
nine-to-fiversi-Who would ever 
have believed that the fiends who 
send out our tax demands feel as 
harassed as those who receive 
them ?tt is useful to have the 
Type As identified for us so 
unambiguously tonighLWatch for 

him in the supermarket. H« is the 
unattended trolley, loaded with 
goods at the checkout . His ptaoe 
in the queue assured, he can fly 
back to the shehrea^r Lucas 
does not hold out the prospect of 

early deration for slaves to 
bush-button monotony (car 

bush -button monotony (car 
assembly plants etc), but there is 

a sweets factory where there is 
constant job-swgppmg on the 
snopfloor and stress is 

democratically shared. A 

quaff ed UiBpiaJai 
most that any nine-' 
raatisbcaBy expect. 

being discussed m Okf You 
See_7(8BC 2. 1045pm). 

• Fingers in the Jam (Radio 
4. 1247pm) is an irreverentiai 
revue that sounds as if it was 
intended at some stage for the 
Edinburgh Festival fringe on 

one of those nights when it 
would not have been a crying 
shame to look beyond the fringe 
tor a good night swings 
alamwtgly from the banal to the 
mianous-The hvm thames- 
and targets - are childhood and 
parenthood, and my own 

particular favourites are the 
wicked parody of A A Milne. K 

Music): Tchaikovsky 
(Overture 1812: Bavarian 
RSO). 640 News. 

B45 Concert continued. 

Smetana (overture 
Bartered Bndeh Dvorak ( 
Psalm 149. Op 79: Czech 
PO): StA (Fantasy in G 
minor. Op 24: Suk, wo6rr. 
Czech POfcFtJdfc (Wmter 
Stonns)440 News. 

9/05 Th* Week's Composer 
Honegger. Sonatina ( 
Feucomprez. darmec fees. 
cm no). Piano Concerto ( 

Klein wch Vienna Pro Muslca 

Orchestra): Rugby (New 

1140 Wamar Season: Cabaret 
songs popular m Bertel 
si the 1920s. The 
entertainers include 
Claire WakJOtt. Trade 
Hestertierg, Curt Bois, 
and the Comedian 
Harmonists. In mono. 
11.57 News. 1240 Closedown. 
VHFonlpOpen University. 
645am to 645. Before Jane 

Radio 1 

gleefully demolishes the Ai 
Jolson golden oldie Somv 

York PO): Symphony No 5 
(Toulouse Capitole 

1040 Wesnar Season: Busoni 

Zem frisky (String Quartet No 
3): Eister 1 

(Zeflunqsausschnrtte): Max 
Brand (Five Bfiblicai 
Salads); Schoenberg (Music 
for an imaginary Nm 
scene): Lenar (excerpt from 
Actl ofFriedenke). 

12.15 BBC Philharmon ic 
Or c he stra . wah Patrick 
Ackfina8(tmmpet). Pan one. 

SfoeJtus (Symphony No 
7); Haydn (Trumpet Concerto 
inEflafm&or). 140 

145 Concert part two- 

Tchaikovsky (Suite No 3 
mG major). 

140 Christian zacharias. 

Piano recital. Mozan 
(Sonata in F. K 
280)4tra vinsky 
(Serenade m A); Mozart 
[Sonata in D. K 576). 

245 Ecstasy m the Afternoon: 
Debussy (Prelude a 
lapres rradi d’un faune); 
Seriatim (Le poeme da 

3.10 Ton Koopman: 

harpsichord recital. Byrd 
(My Lady NaveH’s Ground; 
Fantasia m A minor and 
other works); Handel (Sonata 
in F minor). 

440 Choral Evensong: from 
Worcester Cathedral; 

445 News. 

540 Mainly for Pleasure: 

Michael Berkeley 
presents a selection of 
recorded music. 

640 Music for 

Guitar: Recordings made 
8t the 1985 Eszurgom 
International Guitar 
Festival. Includes works by 
Cartevaro, Casteinuovo - 
Tedesoco; Amador Bach; 
Torroba; Brouwer and 
Barrios (Maxixe). 

740 Royal PhUharmonc 
Orchestra: with Dmityry 
Sitkovstsky (violin). Dvorak 
- (Carnival overture); 
Tchafcovsky (Viotm 
Concerto). Stravinsky 
(Petrushka, 1947) 

840 Weimar Season: 

CardiBac: opera s» three 
acts by Hindemith. Sung in 
German. Cologne Radio 
Chorus and SO, under 
Keibertti. WHh Fischer- 
Dieskau in the title role. Cast 
also indudeds Leonora 
Ktrechstein, and Donald 


10.15 The Harlequin Years. 

Musical Me m Pans after 
the Fast World War. 

• Also recommended 

Victoria Woodery 

Jolson golden oldie Stymy 
Bailor which it can be forgiven) 
and Sye Baby Bunting (for 
which it can t be). 

i04Spm)and Yesfirm Minister 

Peter Davalle 

Radio 4 

night's edition, repeated 
PM: News maaazme 540 

SctKxfl 740 Weekend 
Outlook. Ends at 745 
9.00 Ceefax 

945 Dayfirn on Two: Spanish 
con v ersation 942 Pan six 

of The Boy From Space 
10.15 Mams: sequences 
1048 History; a true story 
set at the time of the 
Reformation 11.00 The 
Scots who settled in Argyll 

(r) 12.10 Rainbow. 

Learning about fanning 
with the aid of puppets 
1240 Writers on Writing. The 
first of a new series. 
Richard Hoggart talks to 
novefist Edna O'Brien. 
140 News at One 140 Thames 

King RoRo, narrated by 
Ray Brooks (r) 140 Brtc-e- 
Bracjr) 240 Ceefax 342 

Regional news 

345 Lay on Five, with Ftoela 
Beniamin and pupils from 
Shaftesbury Park Infants 
School {ri 4.10 Heathdiff - 
The Cat (r) 4.15 
Jackanory. Kenneth 
WiRlams with pvt five of 
Roald Dahl's James and 
the Giant Peach 440 
Charfle Brown. Cartoon 

445 Newaround Extra. A 
profile of 13-year old 
Trevor Ferres, a national 
hero in the United States. 
The reason for fitis 
acclaim is that Trevor, 
virtually single-handedly, 
launched one of the most 
effective campaigns to 

during the sixth century 
1142 Why farmers in tne 

240 A Question of 
E c onom i c s . An 
Investigation into multi- 
nationals. Are they getting 
out of control? (r) 

340 Dance Matinee. Second 
Strideperform two works - 
Ptain Song, based on a 
Satie piano piece, and 
Carnival an interpre ta tion 
of Saint-Saens' Carnival of 
the Animals -both 
c ho r eo graphed by 

g 640 News 
; Weather 6.10 

Fanrang 645 Raryer fs) ( 
Today, ma 640, 740. 
840 News 845 Busmesi 

840 News 845 Business 
News 645. 745 Weather 
740, 840 News 745, 840 

News 745, 845 Sport 
7 AS Thought tor me Day 
B45 Yesardevm 
Paritement 84D Letters 847 
Weather Travel 
9.00 News 

1 945 Desert bland Discs. 

Bnice Oktflekf. 
intemational fashion 
designer tafrs to Michael 
Parkinson (r) (a) 

945 Feedback Chris Dinkfey 
with listener's comments 
on BBC pr ogra mmes and 

1040 I n ter nati onal 
A ss ignment. BBC 
correspondents report from 
around me world 

1040 Morning Story; Waiting 
for Alex by Frances 
Wusoa Reader; Caroline 

10.45 Dally Service (New Every 
Molting, page 110) (s) 

1140 News; Travel PIBars of 
Society. The GEC comes 
under scrutiny from Michael 

1140 Natural Selection. M*a 
Stoddart reports from 

1240 News; The Food 
Programme. Derek 
Cooper on the fish trade 

1247 Fingers in the Jam 

United States are feeling 

Siobhan Davies (ri 
345 FBm; The Never Never 
Murder (1961) starring 
RusseU Napier as the 
Scotland Yard detective 
investigating the death of 
a mummified woman. 
Directed by Peter Duffed 
4.30 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner is challenged by 

GUBan Badcock. 

540 Cv 54, Where are You? 
Hilarious American vintage 

the pinch 1144 Living 
away from home tor tne 
first time 1245 Getting the 
best from micros 124s 
Microcomputers in 
education (ends at 140) 
1.10 Science: electronics 
143 New scientific 
techniques that have given 

140 FBnc Red Mountain (1951) 
starring Alan Ladd. 
Lizabeth Scott and Arthur 

United States. 

5.10 Grange K0. Episode 12. 
WiU Robbie and Ziggy find 
out the truth about their 
tetter from Buckingham 
Palace? (Ceefax) 545 
FaxL BM Odette and his 
team settle another 
selection of dWerenoes of 

Lbabeth Scott and Arthur 
. Kennedy. Western 
adventure set at the time 
the American Chr3 War is 
drawing to a close and the 
Confederates are pinning 
their hopes on a guerrilla 

S led by General 
Directed by WHBam 

340 Mr and Mre. Quiz game for 
couples, presented by 
Derek Batey 345 Themes 
new* headlines 340 Sons 
. and Daughter* 

440 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
progr amm e shown at 
12.10 4.15 Cartoon Ten*. 
Cat Tails for TWO 445 
Emu’s Pink Windma 
Show. The first of a new 

240 Who are the people 
who make their 
classmates laugh? 240 
English: how a story 
makes the from page. 

2.50 Ceefax 

comedy series about a 

pair of hapless, hooete 

ptess, hopeless 
ftiew York police omoars. 
Starring Joe E Ross and 

540 The Tube. This week’s 
edition includes Am of 
Simple Minds in concert in 
Rotterdam; Stephen Duffy 
and the Jazz Butcher 
perform Bve in the studio; 
and there Is the premiere 
of David Bowie's new 
video, Absolute Beginners 
740 Channel Four news and 

740 Right to Reply .Television 
adverts come under attack 
in the Video Box; and the 
makers of Miles 
Copeland's My Britain are 
accused of taking 
Liverpudlians for a ride 
840 What the Papers Say. 
Freelance journalist 
Yvonne Roberts reviews 
how the Press has treated 
the week's news 
8.15 A Week In Pollies. A 
parfiamemary-styfe debase 
on proportional 
representation. The main , 
speakers are Ian 
Wriggfosworth. Teddy 
Taylor, Peter Shore and i 
940 Brothers. A Russian 
wrestler takes a shine to 
Cfiff and announces he 
wants to defect and live 
with him. 

940 How Does YoorGarden 
Grow? PNtip Wood and 
David Wfeon visit the 
Portgtaoane. Co Antrim, 
garden of Robert Gordon . 

545 News Summary with 

540 F8m: An Elephant Called 
Slowly (1970) starring 
Virginia McKenna and Bfl 
Travers. This first m a 
season of animal ffims for 
the family is a comedy 
about a couple who agree 
to look after a friend’s 
home to the African bush. 
One morning they wake up 
to find the house 
surrounded by elephants. 
Directed by James Hffl 
740 kfrero Live. Andrew Ned. 
editor ofThe Sunday 
Tmes. presents a special 
report on the bnpact of 
information technology on 
the Stock Exchange, the 
Law and the Press. The 
programme includes an 
interview with Eddy Shah 
740 Ebony. This week s 
edUon includes news of a 

640 News with Nicholas 
WKchall and Andrew 
Harvey. Weather 
645 London Plus 
740 Wogan. Terry's guests 

tonight inefude novelists 

Barbara Cartfand and Pat 
Booth; Garrison Keillor, 
creator of the United 
States' version of The 
Archers. Lake Wobegon; 
and music from Matt 

740 It’s Your Move, The first 
. * programme in a new 
comedy series from the 
United StatBS about a 
precocious young 
teenager who plays heir 
with tvs mother’s tove4Ks 
and is a thorn in the side of 

his older sister. 

8.10 Dynasty. Blake is stBl 
being rebuffed tw Rita; ' 
Alexis's infatuation with 
King Galen is driving Dax 
to the end of his tether,' - 
and Michael lays down the 
law to Amanda. (Ceefax) \ 
940 News with Jufia Somervffle 
and John Humphrys. 
Weather ' - 

940 Lovefoy. The antiques 
dealer a on the trail of a 
hidden hoard of artetects 
when a focal forger efies. 
Lovejoy soon discovers 
that he in not the only one 
interested in the 
mercharKflse (Ceefax) 
1045 Victoria Wood - As Seen 
on TV. The last of the 
series of comic sketches 
and songs by the talented 
comedienne (r) 

1140 FBnt SJ.Y4. (1974) 

. i ■ 

5.15 Blockbusters. 

5.45 News 

640 The 6 O’clock Show. 

740 AMon MaikeL Bto Mac 
lets it known that ne waits 
to settle the dust between 
himself and Hua (Oracle) 

740 Murder, She Wrote; 
Joshua Peabody Died 
Here - Possfety. Jesaca 
investigates the 
mysterious death of a 
hotel tycoon planning to 
buikl a comroversTalhigfv 
rise building 

840 Constmtmt Water. The 
final pr og r am me in the 
comedy series about two , 
rival seaside lanttiarfies. 

9.00 ^eGmxde Touch. Maggie 
Forbes investig a tes what 

looks Bee a . 

-straightforward case of a 
frightened wife ItiRing her 

■ brutal, drunken husband in 

- • self-defence (r) (Oracle) 

1040 News at Ten 

1040 The London Progra mm e. 

. John Taytor examines the 
options far Ted Kitight and 
• M other Lambeth 
councillors who wffl hear 
socm a High C ourt 
judgement on whether or 
not they wffl have to pay 
back out of their own 
pockets Lambeth 

■ ratepayers' money used to 
fight the government's 
rate-capping taw. 
Foflowedby LWT news 

organised by and tor biad 
840 ^roertera In Time. A film 

of the work of pioneer 
Anwrican photographer 
and anthropologist. 

• Edward Cutis, who spent 
his We observing the 

vanish tog customs and 

• wav of Kre of the American 
In* • . 'he narrator is 
G • jtiieriand (r) 

840 Gbi .- ^ World reports 
m the results of the 
’orgaitic’ experiment 
There is also a feature on 
growing trees and . 
ramovtog unwanted 
stumps’ . 

9.00 Tore (TCremor. The final 
programme of the 
entertainer's series and 

540 PM: News magazine 540 

640 News; financial Report 
840 Going Ptaoas. Cfive 
Jacobs and his team 
monsor the world of travel 
and transport 
7.00 News 
7.05 The Archers 
740 Pick of me Week. TV and 
radio extracts presented 
by Margaret Howard (s) 
840 Law in Action. (Joshua 

8.45 Any questions? Lord 
Young, Ken Livi n gstone. 
John Par doe andArm 
Sardus answer 
questions fran an audience 
m Litttehampton, Sussex 

940 Letter from America, tiy 
Akstar Cooke 

9.45 Kaletdoscope.Wfth 
Sheridan Moriey 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: But 
for Burner by David 

Dents UK 1049 Wei 
1040 The World Tornght 

1140 Today m Parliament 
11.15 The Financial World 

11.15 The Financial World 

1140 Week Endffio. Satinc 

1140 Week Encfang. Satirical 
review of the week's 

1240 News. Weather 1243 

Sloping Forecast 

g ivaMabie to England and 
Wales ordy) as above 
except 545-6.00 am 
Weather Travel 1140- 
1240 For Schools: 1140 
Singmg Together (s) 1140 
Conversation - Now* 1140 
The Music Box (s) 1140 
See For Yourself 145-1240 
F0r Schools: 145 
Listening Comer Goes to 
Scottond 245 Let's Join In 
245 Listen and Read 2.40 
Listen! 540-545 PM 

sorfy) as above 
:5445.00 am 

chimn. adults and 
ch 8 dhood.( 1 ) 12 A 


140 The World At One: News 
140 The Archers 145 

240 News; Woman's Hour 
from BristoUndudas a 
two-sided report on fox 

340 News; Jude the Obscure. 
Thomas Hardy's novel 
dramatized to 6 parts with 
Michael Pennington as 

4 QQ Mg|ua 

445 Unbridfod Passion. New 
readers begin here— with 
Edward Bfchen, Frances 
Donnety and others 

440 Kalaid(»cope. Last 

(continued) 1240-1.10 
Schools Night-rime 
Broadcasting. Voix da France: 
French VI - Hugo and 

Radio 3 

645 Weather. 740 News. 

745 Monting Concert 
Schefot (Battle 
SufsrAmencan Brass 
Quintet); Ravel (Pa vane 
pour une Infante defunta- 
Montreai SO): Mozart 
(Divertimento in F, K 138 : 1 

News on the half-hour from 
640 am until 940 pm and at 1240 
midnighL/S40 am Adrian John 
740 Mike Reed St valentine s day 
special 940 Simon Bates 1240 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 1245 
Gary Davws 340 Anne Marie 
Grey 540 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 545 Bruno Brookes 
740 Andy Peebles 1040-1240 The 
Friday Rock Show with Tommy 
Vance (s) VHF radios 1 & 2 440 am 
as Radio 2 1040 pm As Radio 
11240440 am As Radio2 

Radio 2 

News on the how (except 940 
pm) Headlines 540 am, 640, 740 
and 840 Sports Desks 14S pm. 
242, 342. 442, 545. 642, &45 (mf 
only). 9.55 440 am Charias 
Move (s) 640 Ray Moore (s) 840 
Ken Bruce (s) 1040 Jimmy 
Young Legal problems answered 

Young Legal problems answered 
by BdlThomas (s) 145pm 
Dawd Jacobs (s) 240 Gloria 
Htirtnjford St Valentine’s 
Special (s) 440 David Hamilton (s) 
840 John Dunn (s) 840 Friday 
Night is Music Night (s) 9.15 me 

Organist Enternuns (Nigel 
Ogden) (s) 945 Sports Desk 1040 

Ogden) (s) 945 Sports Desk 1040 
Mooney's Monday Magazine 
with Pay Mooney 1040 Black 
Magic with Stanley Black 1140 
Stuart Hall (stereo from midnight) 
140 am Peter Dickson presents 
Nigmnde (s) 340-440 A Little Night 
Music (s) 


6 DO Newsdoek 7.00 Nftn 7X39 Twenty- 
four Hows 740 Juke Box Dury 745 

Merchant Navy Programme 

049 Reflections 0.15 Enghsh Song SJ0 
MUSC Now 940 News §49 Review ot 
me Bnhsti Press 9.15 The World Today 
940 Financial News 940 Look Ahead 
MS Poets on Music 1040 News 1041 
The Class*: Albums 10.15 Merchant 

English Song 940 
« 949 Review ot 


‘•) - 
ed it 


00 :t 

1 ?*IC 


s col- 






fed 3 

. bu; 




70. A 


not fc 


: the 


enr K 


i or. 


n ol 




eft is: 

















* tid 















* faad 






Navy Programme 1040 Busness Mat- 
ters 1140 News 1149 News About 

tors 1140 News 1149 News About 
Britan 11.15 in the Meantime 114S A 
Lenar From Northern Ireland 1140 
Mendian 1240 Rad* Newsreel 12.15 
Jazz For The Askma T2A5 Soars 
Roundup 140 News 143 Twwity-Fbw 
Hours 140 Jatei Peel 240 News 241 
Oudook 245 Letterbox 340 Radio 
Newsreel 215 A Matter for Debate 440 
News 449 Commentary 4.15 Science in 
Action 445 The World Today 540 News 
549 A Lenar From Northern Ireland 5.15 
Sarah and Company 040 News 849 
Twenty -For* Hours 9.15 Music Now 945 
Foreign Attars 1040 Mews 1049 The 
World T< 

oday 1025 A Letter From 
Ireland 1040 Financial News 

1040 Reflections 1045 Sports Roundup 
1140 News 1149 Commentary 11.15 
From the Weeklws 1140 Taflm About 
Muse 1240 News 1249 News About 
Bream 1215 Radio Newsreel 1240 
About Bream 1245 Recording of the 
Week 140 News 1.10 Outlook 140 The 
Classic Albums MS Letterbox 200 
News 249 Review o( the Brash Press 
215 Network UK 230 People and 
ROWcs 340 News 349 News About 
Bream 215 The Worfd Today 340 
Quote. Unquote 440 Newsdesk 440 
'That's Trad S.4S The World Today JUi 
times in GMT. 

The World Today 42 

4 Wales: 240pm- 
~ 342 Snooker. 540-640 

Wales Today. 645-740 
Sportfolio. 11.00-1 40am Snooker. 
1.00-1.15 News and weather. 
Scotland: 1040am-1240pm Con- 

ference 88 (SDPL 240-252 
Conference 88. 845-740 Report- 
tog Scotland. 1025-1140 Lett, 
right and centre. Northern Mend: 
545pm-&40 Today's Sport 
5.40-640 Iraida Ufetar. 645-740 
Cook with Clara. 12^40am- 
1245 News and weather. Engfend; 
1240-12400* (North-east 
onlv) The Alfatnwnt Show. 645- 
748 Regional news magazines. . 

CHANNEL ^London 

■ ■■■ except: starts 
925am-940 For Openers. 120 
Channel news and weather. 140 
Mr and Mre. ZOO Arcade. 240 
The Baron. 340-440 Gfenroe. 
5.12-5.15 Puffin's Pfa(i)ce. 640 
Channel Report foBow e d by Tastes 
of China. 640-740 ThaTs What 
You ThtokL 740 The Fafi Guy. 

1040 Jane's Diary. 1045 The 
Moviemekers. 11.10 tmamationai 
Dans. 1210 Pna Coffins. 1240 
F4m: Wanted Dead or ABve (Steve 
McQueen). 1.10am Weather, 


TVS As London except 

starts 925am-9i30TVS Out- 
look. 120 TVS News. 140 Mr 
and Mrs. 200 Arcade. 240 The 
Baron. 327-440 TVS News fol- 
lowed Ity Glen roe. 512-5.15 TVS 

News HeadHnes. 640 Coast to 
CoasL 640-740 ThaTs What you 
Thinl 740-840 The Fal Guy. 

1040 Facing South. 11.10 Interna- 
tional Darts. 1210am Phi Cof- 
fins - Freeze Frame. 1240 Ffrn: 
Wanted Dead or Alva (Steve 
McQueen). 1.10 Company. Close. 

among the guests is 
ventriloquist Neville King 
945 True Romance. The story 
of the competition 
organised by the 
■ magazine True Romance 
to find the country’s most 
romantic couple (r) 

1025 Did You See-.? Yes. 
Prime Minister, Man and 
Music, and Holiday 86 are 
commented on by James 

Prior, Marissa Robies and 
Frank Barrett 

1140 Newanight 11.45 Weather 
1140 fibre Charlotte (1880) 

Starring Birgit Doil, Dertec - 
Jacobi and Hsabeth 

.1140 Sooth of Watford. Hugh 
Laurie follows the publicity 

Sutherland and EWcrt 
Gould. Comedy about two 
CIA agents working in 
Parts who join forces to - 
protect themselves from 
being blown 14 }. Directed 
Ity Irvin Kershner 

Laurie follows the publicity 
campaign buildtog up to 
the release of toe first 
record of new group, 
SigueSigue Sputnik 
I bitemationte Darts. First 
round action from the MR 
World Pairs Championship 
Capital Music Festival 
1985. HtahBgMs from last 
summer's St Katherine's 
Oock spectacular, 
presented by Nicky Home ■ 

1040 Ch ea ra. Diane finds a coat 
in the bar and fantasises 
that it belongs to her 
Prince Charming. Sam 
* crils her bluff and bets 
that she wffl not go out 
with the owner when toe 
coat « collected (Orade) 
1040 How to Survive the 9 to & 
Part two of the four 
programme series on 
avoiding stress at work 

reThree Into ' 

FanxThree into Two 
Wont Go (1969) starring 
Rod Steiger. Drama about 
a man's affair with an 
amoral young woman and 
(he subsequent break-up 

of his already fragile 
marriage. WNh Judy 

marriage. With Judy 
Geeson and Claire Bloom. 

Directed fay Pater HaN 
F8 bk The Ceae of toe 

Trissanaar, A biography of 
Jewish artist Charlotte 

Jewish artist Charlotte 
Salomon who died at 

Auschwitz in 1943 aged 
26. Directed by Franz 

145 FSbk The Ceae of the 
Mukktnese Battiehom* 
(1955) starring Pater 
Seders, Dick Emery and 
. Spike RfflBgaa A (toon 
Show-type comedy 

Stirling. Ends at 145 

Is at 14! 


News. 140 FBnr The young 
Lovers* (1954L 320 Children's VB- 
iage.3^-340 Centra) News. 
5.15-5.45 Drfl'rent Strokes. 6.00- 
740 Central News. 740440 

940 The Day Anead. 120 
Lunchtime. 140-340 FBnr Ham 

Knight Rider. 1040 Central WPek- 
encf 1240 Hlnr Siand Up Vfr- 
gto Sokliere (1977). Ij40am Closs. 
TSW As London except 
— 120pm TSW News. 140 
FBnr. The Ultimate Impostor 
(f 979). 3.15 Home Cookere Club. 
325 The Young Doctors. i57- 
440 TSW News. 5-12-5.15 Gus 

Lunchtime. 140-340 FBnr Happy b 
the Bride. 340 Persona) View. 
349-440 Ulster News. 5.15-545 
The Bevariy HUfoBEes. 640 

News. 5.15-545 The Smurfs Valen- 
tines SpedaL 640 Calendar . 
640-740 Diffrent Strokes. 740- 
840 The Fall Guy. 1040-1140 
The Sweeny. 1230am Ck»a. 


cept 1. 20pm Anglia 
news and weather. 140 Ftim: 
Another Time. Another Place* 

Good Everang Ulster. 620 Spcxts- 
cast &40-740 Advice with 

(1958). 3.15 Cartoon Tana. 
325440 Anglia News. 640-740 
About Anglia. 1040 Snooker. 
1240 international Darts. 140am 
Gospel at the Bygones Bam, 


■ 1 except; starts 

92Sam-940HTV News. 120 
HTV News. 140 Fdm: Valentine 

Anne Hailes. 7.30-840 Knight Rid- 
er. 1040 Witness. 1045-1140 

er. 1040 Witness. 1045-1140 
Falcon Crest 1225am News. 
S4C 140pm Countdown. 

140 Family Ties. 200 Taro 
. 220SttXlSbri. 245 

640 Today South West 640-740 
What'S Ahead. 740-840 Mag- 
num. 1042-1140 The Sweeny. 
1240wn Postscript 1245 
Weather. Close. 

News. 140 Curing. 230 Wish 
You Were Here ~? 340 Short Story 
Theatre: Boys and Girts. 340- 
440 The Young Doctors. 5.15445 
Nature Trail. (LOO Lookaround 
Friday. 640-7.00 Funny You Should 
Say That 1 040-1 140 Border- 
line (Germaine Greer and Victoria 
GtflJck). 1243am Close. 

§een!§ti^!S , s«. 

tish News. 140Curfrw.230- 
200 On The Market £55-440 
Crime Desk. 640 Scottish 
News and Scotland Today. 640- 
740 Report. 740-840 Shmdjg. 
1040 Ways and Mewts. 11.001140 
CurSna 1240am Late CaL 

Nodyn. 220 Storf Sbri. 245 
Cipowg. 255 interval. 340 Farm 
Betrayed (1944). 440 Y 
Corachod. 540 Mtsus Potpupur. 
540 The Tube. 740 Newyddion 
Saith. 740 Pobol YCwm. 840 
Caryl, News Heatfines. 840 Fel 
Na Mae! 9.15 Snwcer. 1040 Quo 
Varfls? 1210am Snwcer. 1240 


140 That's Hollywood. 120 
Granada Reports. 140 Fftm Opera- 
tion Crossbmi. 325 Granada 
Reports. 340-440 The Yoimg Doc- 
tors. 215-545 The Beverty riSl- 
billies. 640 Granada Repmts. 640- 
740 The Cosby Show. 740- 
840 Knight Rider. 1040-1140 The 
New Avengers. 1240am Ffrn: 

The Hornet’s Nest 140 Close. 

Magic on Love Island. 325-340 
HTV News. 215-545 Mr Smith. 
200 HTV News. 230-740 The 
Good Neighbour Show. 740-840 
Knight Rider. 1040 Your Say. 
1045 The Year Was 1961 ... 
11.15 Showcase. 1140 Interna- 
tional Darts. 1230am Weather. 

HTV Wales: As HTV West ex- 
ceot 200pm-7.00 Wales at 
Six. 1040 Survival of the fit- 
test 1140-1140 The Amazing 
Years of Cinema. 

925em-230 North East News. 
120 Noth East News and ' 
Lookaround. 140 Rm" « Met 
by Moonlight (Dirk Bogarde). 325- 
340 North East News. 215- 
245 Joanie Loves Chachi. 640 
Northern Life. 640-740 What 
WOuU You Do? 740-840 The Fall 

YORKSHIRE ,, ** y*ff™, 

“ ■ 1,1,1 1 " except starts 

925-290 Calendar News. 120 
Calendar News. 125 Help Yourself. 
140 Ffrn: Valentine Magic on 
Love Island. 340 WIshTou Were 
Hera ...7 325-340 Calendar 

Guy. 1042 Extra Time. 11.15 A 
Daobie with Digance. 1145 Dart*. 
1230am Threes Company. 

1245 Close. 



AOCLPM 83ft 7611 or MO 
7«1J 4 CC 741 9999 836 

7158 379 6433 
Grp Sak-> 930 6103 

C XGUJS4 V EJL V Wllh r,ra on txi 

240 7200 24 HT7 O wn 






— U, j a 4 M i 

Drr«Wl bv Mlkr OrkrMtt 
NlOIHlv aI 730 MM* Wfd M 230 
A 4.30 A 8 OO 



BAJWCAM HALL 638 8891 638 
8796 Tool 7 40 Norttwn Sin- 
fans ot Enound. SHvbra ; 
BnMp.Km'<mxti co 04 pmbb 


8330 Frt I7 M4T 18 ORIM 
THEATRE CO frocn (trlMM rf- 

MUmKAM MALL 638 8891 638, 
8796 Tool 7.48 

CL A SS I CS London Coorort Or 
(IHlra Inchon* CWOBurv 

741 9999 E>f 8r«1 &U 6 AB.4Q Box OiiKt 3 CC 01-900 9832 

coammr or the tear croup sate* 930 6123 . pt**» 

Lnwenrr OnslOT Award 1984 from Fro !8 Opros Fr6 30 M 

... Bs.John Oodpcr PETER O'TOOLE 



COLISEUM S 836 3161 CC »p 

Ton i 7 00 TH» Mask 
■ Tomor 7»U »■>■». , 


01 896 BIOS 01-240 9066.7., 
rim ran -3a now 7 day ee Mu 

240 7300 

BnM MwiMV . , 



THnn. ~ SPLENDID- O T« - 
■ Dm or Ok» riamnst and kM prr 
Rimow plavx your nrrwn* » 

Ota “ UrHrmmi and Kriamy 
Pfmudinf iw audloncY lo nap 
m flan' S Tel. - A JOV- exp 

COMEDY £ 430 2878. CC 899 
1498 X8IK Prowpe 74j 9999 
,340 7200. 7 day ** nrl. Crp 
WH 930 *IZ» tire B O Wed 
Mato 3.0 sial* SO 8 8 30 



by ptam Cm V- Oil Hen DUHM 

%DK m NOTHma tokat 

nW Award! far 1984 



3663 4 434 3398 9 MeldW 
CC bookinta Hr* CaH 340 7SOO 



-Trail) A EatarUtMas. OW 
l mutt A new puy W Dta4» 
Wafkimaft Damn By Ml r b arl 
Ruonuii Mon. » FW. 740. 
Ttuirv Mai. 3D. Sab. OiO I 
CrAua Safa* BH Omee 01-930 

Ol 930 3378 FUTI Can 34 b oy 7 
day er bfcyr 01340 7300 Prw 
V»X Feft 36 Opeoa Tluirl Feb 27 

b CMtfUt WOOD 

£ v£ , J » 






E\9B 8-0 MaK Wed SO Sal 60* 

group Sain 900 bias 

JAN 1987 -. 

OLO0E 487 1893 nm Call 2<4 Hr 
Day* ft 240 7300 Crp Sam 
930 6193 


- DeaH Lawioa. Jan rraom 
.Ronald Hotoate Jorin Barron 
A Convoy By Ken Luffwiy Dtrerl- 
ed by Sated CUraorr. Em 8 OO 
Matt Wed 3 00 Sal 4 DO Pltaa 
Irani Feo 21 Ftru Niptn Mjrcn 6 
at 7.00 

Prrunn Iron, April 23 Firs 
iwgM Mav 7 Tefapnene man 
pool, not bow acre-pled an Ol 734 
9933 rtrs CaU 2« Nr 7 Day* CC 
Booiunga 340 7200 Baa prTice 
now am u>r perumai ratten Grp 
Save 930 6133 

*E NM A1 CC mo booking »«>i 
Ol 336 3568 or 741 9“99 rf 
■Wy. I«| 24 *1! T day 340 
7200 Non pm are, , no ALL 
TKTS £8 group uKa Ol 930 
0133 Mon lo sal 8 Matt Fn A , 
Sat 5 , 


PAL ALL THLATML 437 t>834 
CC8337 379 0433 Crp um 930 


Bv Da\ad Marnrl 
Oirrrtrd M BwU Brian, 
r or ortvr \T ao« err MMn 

L JJll Smt'* 
Oprtiy Wed 7 a SubEiit 7 as 

f'« 7 50 Matt Thu A Sal 3 30 
Lawontrrs nol adrrellrd unlri Tlw 


734 8991 Ftr>« Call 24 Hr 7 Days 
ri Booking 836 3464 Grp Sam 
930 6123 


46444 14 May at 7 pa. 


Evrp. 7 30. Mats WM 8 SW 
2 30 

GLOBE CC Ol 457 l$9?FtrN CaB 
34 nr 7 Day 
CC 340 7300 

AOdrew Lto>d Wi norr pre ‘ < ml uv 

HCR MAJESTY'S 930 4036 930 
6606. CC hotliifa 741 9999. 34 nr j 
7 cuv CC booking* rmi Call MO 
7200 Croup sales 930 6123 *<A 


Direrutf by Oartd Hynia 

Dngrvd bs SooM Raaa 
PAT MM at Tov Afafaa MR i l n d 
Directed by Mdfard W IN aim 
Deuaftrd ta Yofa F SKw 
Ere* 8pm prompt' iTro 18 at 

At* W1 01 437 3686 7 01 *34 
1060 rr 43* 1660 734 6166 7 
Ftra ran 2A naur 7 Bay rr book- 
U<4A 240 7300 

NEW LONDON Drurv Lane WC3 
4«>5 007? CC Ol 379 0433 Ctet 
7 48 Tue 4 Sal 3 00 4 7 48 THE 





Croup boov-mos 01 *05 1367 or 
Ol 930 0133 Postal apwwanon* 
IKP* bring arrrpjrd urUli AuuuU 

PNEOMfX 8362394 rr 340 9661 
I or 741 9999 E t e% 8 Mai Thu 3Sal 
I 3 a 8 30 24 Hr 7 Day Fir-H Call tr 
; 340 7200 

ftafart Drama Awards 

rniruam i 

B; Alan Wryiddle 
-«■«, tVwiinrnii <> ott 
Rat Jr» rr* u ill pun Cnn Prr*le* j 
a, Mondav r»r* OUN 


society or .Wed EM Thealre ... ;^" % r Tflwtre 

Award 83 “Sop«f* iinln^iarUiMHi ■■ 





0666 OC 530 6363 CTO 8NH 

6123 Etc* 7 45 Matt lue & Sac 



- mac w 


Dow led by TREVOR IWW» I 

ConmuMK for OA.P8 

r National Theatre * vnaH audt- 
tortuni) Toni- TJO, 1 

7JXL »*« MWHjarAMMrt 

29 A 31 THE CtMONV OR- 
m«— by Qsrtclwv Ooocni 
Frb (3 al 7 00. Then Wb 148 
• 15 A March IV » 20 NOT 


eo nn toc •*’ we cc 
(Nanonal Theatre’* email mo 
tonumi TooT TJO. Tomor Z.W 
A 7.30. then M om* W A JO 
mnMxmjM Ifeftpl Id 37 
MN perfc IMBVrt - 
eiiRZON maVFVUP Omen 

^ 3737 Onnrt W 0 WB 8 

•m Unlro In DHlRto Potter* 
Suranuxi < pa ram at 2.00 
um mi 4.10. 6-a 0 * e 40 

DUKE Or VORK 836 8123 CC 
836 9837 Toi 9999 Grp Sales 
900 6133 First CNl 34 Hr 7 
Day CC 3U> 7200 Eves 8 Thu 
Mai 3 Sal 5 6 8 30 

row— out 

The iw romedi- by RMtaard 
Harm. Directed Oy Juba 
tftKtnW. „ „ 

Standa r d D» df Ufa tor 
Award IBM 

Tow "Had itteauatenre yeuina 
fur more* o htad -Mud surely 
lake u»e Town^Oo NOW D T*l 
-roars of atwroTBr' Times -n 
uUha lo Cap. lap. lap. ftmir" 

By Dems Deesan 
Dim led by David Cttflior r 
tin 8 Mats Wed 3 Sal 4 
Croup sales 930 6133 


Liea B M4tt Wed J84 4 tar— d , . ■ ItaW. S— f Q. 

Group Sales 930 6133 Tel TTta ^ii rtindirtr taocne M 

“TWSfe AN ABSOLUTE HOOT 7J*. Slata. Wads A tfad ul 



pueried byjoem Beta 

apptauaa'* Dairy tom 
r«ta 7 30 Sals SO A 8 15 
wed* Mats 30 
Croup Bales Ol 930 6123 


clRZON west ENosramtaRV ' 
Aiew UI 439 QBOB J^mta 


CC 4 Groups 01-73* *2*7 
. . 01-437 8772 


The Time* I 


ArefautaWPnof BwHfePBdtmRK 
4 iMtnLeitnon Wd—* 1 '"f. 1 

WYMAN. *T Tf gra Rg 
have done it ttnm'eij 
TWA lew noh-*“» ,i«»**£S 

there i mi iRjmi J5J5 

Lamp Ed Hafrts in 

tuBnittf rum at zoo inoi 
•uni »«x 6 20 • '»*0 FWg 

Marrn T Kuronwa-* RAN llS 

nf^ iMOK THEATRE Tlirm 
MHlmr* Ol Bgo 88*g ?y-So 
nep Ol KVi ^ or 01 500 

S&6? 5' rim caii wrtr y 
octod su« ore ““ •“ 

6123 . 

rwcnfi APRIL 


CLIFF RW a to N D 
■the portrayal or 


TU« WSN * o « * **' 1 

POKE OF YORK 836 3122 CC! 

BSP 9037 74 r 9949 ore Bates ■ 

930 6123 FITS! call 34 Hr 7 
Ov CC 340 7200 E%« 8 Thu 
Mat 3 SM & & B30 



The iu rpmeuy BV mehwd 
Harm, txraerad be Juh* 

or tin: year 

CLOSE CC Ol 457 1992 flm 
call 9* Hr t Day erraao 7209 
Andrew Llova Webber presents 

Society of w« Lna Theatre 
Award 83 

By Oedmr Drcgan 
arreted b»‘ *>»■ « wlmerr 
Eses 8 Mats wea 3 at 4 Croup 
Stan 930 6125 _ 

fa Ttfnes 


WNeS HEAD 01-296 1916 AT 
“Wild ana Oaty Comtes" Dnr . 
Tbm Snow 8om Book Now : 

KMCS HEAD Ol 296 1 91ft MME 
ELLIOT -Crazy Cora re Cefuu*.jse 
771 h Feb ]8tb. Dnr 7pm Enow 
sura Tfcis C* 00 Book Now 


Boa offw and rr oi «uo 9832 
Oraup Sam 930 6123 


Award 1*B4 


Tout "Had inrBMimreyrtfanB 
for more- D Mau “Mud surety 
lake l he TPu.-n. Co NOW D Tel 
-roar* of appro* ai" Tunes -IFs 
faM M1 » up. tap. fares W 

"One ot .tne mere fop ta»L> ejiea 
wnoounrntt M rerrm limes Um 
innUerreeumtv UMfa ’ D Tel. 


Dneeifd by DAVB autflltr 
Csemwos 7 30. M a n ner s Wetnn- 
AaY.Rm-SNurrtas- 30 


7873. CC HDIIW 437 2093 Cm» 
7 30 Matt Man. Turn Wed A 641 
7 JO Party ram avattabte "A 
mnltr tradbibMl Panto. ~ The 


de\a*Ut»mi." The au 


"LiideniaDly a dishy Pmre 
cnartram." Dartv Mail 
"to «Hn trata t t N la 

Q. U..I 

"Dkmr Alina . NeaQSe wins 
l^nulleie. applaw." Qaity Teh- 
•mi -HetOx ine iiKkenre 
rpHbpuna . . s'wonderrui. 

9'nunelieus." T Osfl. 

Ape*y Bos Olto 01-437 rm 
DM* Safas 01-030 SL23 
PH can M Hatar 7-day 
ee fadiwM-M 7XPd 

SaaCa A a Oto l a a* taa dears. 

LYTTELTON "S' 928 2252 CC 
■National Theatre's grow mum 
stager TmVL Mm 7.45. Toeuot 
213 How core man & 7 45. 
then march 6 to it MM 
WUNDTS pnorciltotl by 
Shaw Previews Feb ai. 24 at 
7 *56 Feb 22M 2 IB-low pnre 
mall A 7 45. Opens Feb 25 at 
7 00 Than Feb 266 March 3 lo 
OIRS by Ml Simon 

OLD VIC ®?6 7616 tX 76t 1821 1 
CiP Nae-s 9JC 0123 t*r> 7 30 
wad Uah i 30. Sals 4 O a 7 45 


A Mas- adaored Irom Janr 
AiBtrn's no* ,4 bs Oasld Pownaii 
perm fauline 




Dim led cn Bfl Pryda 
1 LOVED rr* Otsertrr 

Phoenix bu 2294 rr ?ao ««i . 

or 7JI 9999 Err-. 8 mar Thu 3 Sal 
fl«W First r.Ul 24 hi 7 4a> cs 1 
240 t;,* 


MJiuUrd Drama AivanH 


a» this Preslei 




BoBl 2 r< Hotline 01 9JO 
OM44 S b Croup Sales Ol 930 
0123 K Prowse oi Tat 9999 
Firsi Call 24 nr 7 oa> CC bookmm 
240 7200 01 379 0433 L.m t 30 
Mai Thur 4 sal at 3 OO -One m 
S. Tunes The National Theatre ol 






WOhDE Rn.l. 
-A CI.ASsiC or Itt kino - D TH 
»»<« Boosing unm Aura -jo 

G-irdrn 1*0 01 240 1006 1911 
CT s Stand In inbtOI 836 6903 
Mon Sal 10am Bom 65 amphr 
u-4tt jtal lion, I Oam an rheda* 
Tirkeis Opera Horn L7 OO. Battel 
irom C4 bo 

TaaY Tar 8.00 Safama. Tamar 


Tomer 1 30. Alon 7 SO La Flrle 
nulojrdor Wed. Tnur 7 30 Tran 
knttaein The Modern 

Piomnnete, r«n«arl Lmnom. 
Ooria Ballet Caslmq infor Ol 240 
981 s 

SADLER'S WELLS 278 891b 


by RnaM Darn 

Nev, Mum, Produrimn ol -Bni 
L o*rd Child! enN bao*>~ 

LnlU Sol Th krlo C2 75 LBSomr 
Bim- seal* lor Children 

JEANNE * The Mu glea l , 25 r eh 

5 April 7 SOfHn Prm s A I si Nrqhl 

Anne Drilir* LAST THREE 
330 A 7 30 

CO«OT 379 5399 CC 741 
0O9Q Op Sale* 930 0123. [in 
8 0 Sal 5 30 A B SO 


OLD VIS 928 76J6 CC 261 1821 
Grp S4n 930 0123 
SUrrti ii ia Ami 14 

a m EBM HMHfflS 

trmXTON -fa- 928 2292 CC 

(Nanonal Thr-lre - * proxenlum 
wage' Low pnre gmpn 
TonT. T«onr. 7-A8 Turn prr- 
te»* Feb Si to 94 Ope n* Fab 
26 N 7 00 Then F<« 26 A 
Marm 3 lo 0 BRfSHTON 
BEACH M E MOI RS by ktat 



A HPU DUy IK luB— M UlI^W 

tain riumt tn rtwran Vbrdl 

PHOENIX 836 2204 rr 240 4661 I 
Ol 741 9990 Errs 8 klal Thu 3 I 
Sal 5 A 8 30 73 Hr 7 m Firw 
Can fl 240 7200 

Standard Drama Awards 
AS this Pthlrv 

D L\ 


Bj\- jewers ta-HI plat Eh n. Pre*Je> 
on Monday Errs only 


Carden WCZOI iaC'ICiofc 1911 
CC fa SMlHlta into 01 -8 36 6903 
Mon M I Onm Bom oS amphi 
wah a* a«i from iOam on ihr toy. 
TaFrlt Onrra Irom C7 00 Ballet 
from C4 30 


TonT 'General Sianobv ESD the 

before pern. MO" 8 00 Salome 


Tome* 730 S4I 2 3D A 7 30 Li 
F'llr mat voider Thur 7 30 

Ballri Caituig II Uu Ol 240 9815 





T^ : 0 INTO ONE 

wmien and directed by 

Ray C anwy 

"Hilar we. produrlion." r T 
■‘Coniir arluwal Itt lines! “S 7rl 


•tHAFTbBLRV 379 5309 rr 74| 
9999 FilNl Call ?4 HI 7 Dal-. « r 
2*0 7M0 Grp habs 930 6123 
Red Pntr Pries S 4 6 Marti 

St Valentine’s Day 

RMXMND CC me booking i«ri 
Ol 236 8364 oi 7*1 0999 ft .Bkol 
reel 24 hr 7 dav 2*0 7200 Grp 
tain 01 9306123 Nmrwi ALL 

TkTVCaimTlwn Han lo Nal 
B Matt m 6 Sat BUT'S 

OLIVER •»' 92B 2752 CC 'Kalian 

el Threur '* open ua«ri Todav. 
Tftftifa 2 00 'lew pnrr matt, 4 

T lb Mon T lfa men reft 28 6 
Marrn 1 PRAVBA - A FW 
SCrael Ca nd y pj Hoxaro 
Bremen and Dawd Hsrv 


By Davtd Manta 
O we rna by 8W Drvden 
For ainer NT inowc are mkmu 

OUVIOI -S’ 928 225 1 rr 'Nall on 
M Tfartr-S open uagn Toni 
7 15 Toma 2 00 >Id» p>Kr 
malr*7 16. men Feb 2 1 ib 25 


ov Man Lvruxuin 

rewer EDWARD. Tel 01 *37 
6*177 a Tim Hire 4 Andrew 
UOvd Webber'^ 


rfaterled hv Hal Piiwe Lie, go. 
Mitt TIMITL 4 faal nt 30. OC 
Hollinr 4.W 8499 5796433 741 
9000 >4 nr 7 na* CC tattlin' 
Fir«a Call 01 -40 7XC- 

rnal day 



BO\ OFF PC*. Ol 734 0961. 
riW9T CALL 24 h, lAn 
. 1C BOOKHSOS PI B36 3464 
Grp Htu* Ol 030 6123 

m nTHN^ar DffUlff 



matikinm " uutu I 
3xmm amt n mtisBlxe w nW a 



dam a? raumni anti zt trU sbLe um zati i 
jW cnsdtetigbi cum Batin tlvaeisaisef, 
la the JidtnntBS mefodn's vf cur temkes 
\ pirnt Stephen MhretiiBy J 

\.mdusifpnrfo! sjjpermy* / 

\ hnutfwrresaraaoai. / 

un \mm s 

I jS'g 3 i R-g §■ .C3§ S'g-?>rs -E'S’g^BSS&e-C ses-iM 

;• 40 


cU *■ 


containable this timejaut only * Metropolitan Police officers daring not training at die purpose-built high street - complex in Homdow (Photographs, John Manuring), 
if the Latin American nation ... ».•; • - * 

adopted substanu'al domestic .* By Pete- Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent t* 

G^SmeSfSd^Sted^ » ; MetropotoaP^ce officers iVljIStCr 01 

politically risky. 'JUtt yesterday demonstrated their wffl be ased if the crowd does 

■ not control tr ainin g in a not disperse. A similar warn- TQlll/’AI* 

The official acknowledged. nm-nnse-liiint hwh street com- ins is disslaved on a banner. LdllllVd 

however, that if oil prices fell 
below SIS a barrel Mexico's 
situation would become an 

If Mexico agreed to reforms 
the Administration was pre- 
pared to move quickly with a 
“bridging loan" until the Mex- 
ican Government could nego- 
tiate a loan package of 
between $4 billion and $6.5 
billion with the Internationa] 

Monetary Fund and commer- 
cial banks. 

He said that an emergency 
aid package had been ruled 
out in Treasury and State 
Department meetings and - in 
discussions between Mr 
James Baker, the US Treasury 
Secretary, and Mr Paul 
Vofcker, the central bank 

chai rman. 

Describing Mexican offi- 
cials as “demoralized and in a 
state of paralysis” the US 
official acknowledged that he 
did not know whether Mexico 
had the political will to adopt* 
the austerity measures neces- 
sary to ensure a flow of new 

money to its troubled econo-' ^ ' none in a dttdpBaed drilL for improvements in bis report 1 11121 F"™ 1 *»a «*n «-itl 

my. . Bat** 1 romd training at Hounslow behind not shields. Three warnings are first on the Brixtnn riots in iQfti I'manded m custody, pending L 

Letter from Aden 

Yemen’s helping 
hand for press 


Metropoiitan Police officers daring riot training at the purpose-built high street - complex in Hounslow (Photographs, John Manning) , 

. . .t.ii ■ • — — 

■' ' ijSjy ;i By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent -- - 

Metropofitaa Po&e officers shouted that special weapons iVlfl-StCr 01 

• &>■ yesterday demonstrated their win be used if (foe crowd does 

JlgfiV' ■ not control training in a not disperse. A similar warn- foDlT'ai* 

purpose-boat high street com- ing is displayed on a banner. UHIHvi 

plex at the Public Order j The gmmer takes anu from • • *i j 

. : ■ ■ ffapass-s-i is jailed 

By Pete 1 Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Metropolitan Police officers shouted that special weapons 
yesterday demonstrated their win be used if die crowd does 
riot control training in a not disperse. A similar warn- 
purpose-boOt high street com- ing is displayed on a banner. 

Baton round training at Hounslow b ehind riot shields. 

and threw wooden bricks as 
- five mm crouched behind 
shields like a rugby scrum, 
three men bolding them, two 
others blocked in behind. 

Snatch squads, two men m 
front holding round shields 
and two behind to make 
arrests, can be used in con- 
junction with Long-shield 

The manoenvres would have- 
done credit to a squad of 
Roman soldiers. Police 
showed off the ait of cornering 
a violent man wielding a stick 
in a house and pressmg him to 
the floor under a canopy of 
shields. A line of shields 
across a street in “riot city” - 
as the complex has been 
nicknamed - parted to let 
police horses through to cadets 
throwing wooden bricks. 

For the first time the Metro- 
politan Police demonstrated 
the firing of baton rounds, 
done in a disciplined drilL 
Three warnings are first 

been brought there by men 
with short shields. There is a 
burst of smoke as the weapon 
fires and the four-inch baton, 
made of PVC, thuds into a pik 
of tyres. 

Police say gurnets were sent 
to Tottenham daring the dis- 
turbances but not used. Baton 
rounds had not been used 

ope rationally rm Hu. 

Police officers demonstrated 
use of a new way of bolding 
people under arrest with a 
wrist lock that leaves one hand 
free so tint a radio can he 
used. It replaces the old 
hammer lock and bar, which 
took two hands. It has so for 
been taught for i ft years. 

Commander Anthony 
Speed, who is responsible for 
public order work training, 
said that the tactics shown 
yesterday were strictly last I 
resafL The trailring conies 
after a call by Lord Seaman 
for improvements m Us report 
on the Brixtnn riots in 1981. 

From Mario Modiano 

The Greek master of tbe 
Liberian supertanker Salem, 
which was scuttled off West 
Africa in 1980 to cover up the 
clandestine sale of itscareo of 
L80.000 tons of crude oil to 
South Africa, was sentenced to 
12 years' imprisonment by the 
Piraeus Appeal Court yester- 

Dimitris Georgoulis, aged 
49, told the tribunal be had 
deliberately sunk tbe ship on 
instructions from its owners' 
and with the full consent of 
the crew. He was defending 
himself against the principal 
charge of enriar^gmng h uman 

The court found him guilty 
of causing a shipwreck, endan- 
gering lives, and complicity in 
the embezzlement of oil cargo 
worth $56 million (£40 mil- 

Georgoulis’s lawyer said 
that his client bad been re- 
I'manded in custody, pending 

Muhammad Hobaishi 
wears thick-framed, dark 
glasses, boasts as immense 
. paunch and rejoices in the 
title of Director of Informa- 
tion of the Foreign Ministry 
of the People's Democratic 
Republic of Yemen. This 
means drat he is a censor. 

“We will read your ramies 
only . to make certain the foots 
arc correct,” he announced to 
us in a thin, high-pitched 
voice; “If you look good, I 
look good -weal! look good.” 

There was, dearly, going to 
be a difference of approach 
between the few Western 
correspondents ' who had 
managed to obtain visas to 
Aden and foe party function- 
ary who welcomed us with 
such enthusiasm in the grub- 
by lobby of the Gold Mubxxr 
hotel noth its warm beer, rts 
foetid swimming too! and its 
great, dark squawking ravens. 

Every journey in every 
government minibus was ac- 
companied by Mr Hobarsfri 
and a band of iH-dressed and 
often armed party comrades 
whose .stile preoccupation 
was to denigrate in broken 
English ~ the South Yemeni 
president for whom they had 
obsequiously worked until 
his overthrow three weeks 
before. The group included 
two Yemeni journalists from 
the party organ October 14: 
Nagfo, a gaunt young TKTH 
with a green taadriiyct anH an ‘ 
AK47 rifle, and a balding - 
editorial -writer called Ali who 
thought more than he spoke - , 
and was thus often depressed, j 
There woe, needless to say, ; 
ways of avoiding Mr 
HobarahTs red pencil- But foe i 
limitations of journalism an- 1 
der Yemen's unique brand of 1 
“scientific socialism” were ev- j 
ident when Mr Hobaishi braz- < 
enly proclaimed that Western i 

journalists would be free to go » 

where they wished. “We wffl i 
show you everything,” he said i 
ominously. The true meaning i 
of this pledge only became i 
apparent when a Time maga- I 
zine photographer strapped a v 
[quick picture of six old and t 
dust-covered tanks at a desert v 
checkpoint u 

• “No photo,” screamed 6 
Nagib ami hurled himself to n 
the back of the mmibus to g 
seize foe offending film. Next 

ii day. foe photographer asked 
k Saleh M uhammad, foe 
e country’s putative dictator, 
t for special permission to take 
b- pictures of foe tanks. “Of 
y course,” this high party offi- 
c dal said with a gBMTOus wave 
s of h» hand. Mr Hobaishi hat* 
disagreed “ft is true that 
s Comrade -Sakm Saleh said 
s you could take the 

0 photographs,” he said. “But 

1 that was a political decision. It 
I needs a m9ttaxy deetshtt 'fo 

* obtam penaissiOT.” ; - 

> Beside the scum-encrusted 
i swimming pod. party philos- 
i ophy on press freedo m was 
I eventually determined by Mr 

> Hobaishi’s -seminal remark 
- that “We most have control in 
i order to fodfitate you." * 

Yet the real internal conflict 
of interests became apparent 
when Ali was instructed to 
take force corresp on dents to 
foe government hospital fo 
Aden where the journalists 
had arranged to meet a repre- 
sentative of foe Red Cross. Ali 
dutifully iook us to the hospi- 
tal but ordered us to stay on 
the bus wfaBe a party official 
altered the bmkhng to ask for 
foe location of foe Red Cross 

In vain was it explained to 
Afi that tlie reporters knew the 
exact locatkm of the office. 
Uselessly, it was pointed out 
that foe Red Goss official was 
i at that very moment waiting 
to meet us. For Ali understood 
; all this. His problem was 

• different He was aloyai party 
man: yet he was also intelli- 
gent. He constantly talked 
about liberty. - 

He face moved visibly as be 
struggled with foe c onflic t; 
between party instructions to 
keep us incommunicado and 
his own repeated declarations 
of our freedom to see whom 
we wished. If he was to permit 
us to leave the vehicle, be 
would have disobeyed his 
mentors. Yet to prevent us 
meeting foe Red Cross would 
indicate that the pom itself 
had foiled. Which is, indeed, 
what happened. We were 
tracked back to our grim hotel 
while Ali sat, nrnmflinf and 
miserable in. the front of foe 
bus, aware that in the end, 
nobody was going to “look 

tP ° dr \ Robert Fisk 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Tnc Duke of Edinburgh. 
President, the World WUdfife 
Fund International, holds an 
executive committee meeting, 
Buckingham Palace, 10. 

Last dunce to see 
Memories and reflections: 
paintings by Andreas 
AouneHas; Dixon Gallery, 
University of London Institute 
of Education. 20 Bedford Way, 
Russell Square, WC1, 10 to 8.. 

Pencil, pen and brush: mod- 1 
era British drawing; Gilliam 
Jason Gallery, 42 Inverness! 
Street, W|, 10.30 to 5.30. j 
Music i 

Concert by Tbe Parlour 
Quartet (Victorian songs, bal- 
lads & duels), 12.30; Recital by 
Terey Smith and Alan Berry! 

(guitar Sl piano). Tbe Riverside- 
Cafe. 8. Royal Festival HalL 
South Bank. 

Concert by the Bournemouth* 
Sinionietta, Dyron’s Sports. 
Centre, Newton Abbot, 730. 1 

Oigan recital by Martin 
Bulks, The Chapel of Trinity 
AH Saints' College, 
Brownberrie Lane, Horsforth, 
Leeds, 12.35. 

Concert by Merton and 
University College Choral Soci- 
ety with Tbe Oxford Chamber 
Choir, Sbetdonian Theatre, Ox-I 
ford, 830. , 

Concert by Tbe Elizabethan 
Singers. Rachel Masters (harp). 
Lyn McLarin (flute), and Ro- 
wena Allen (lute), Purcell 
Room. South Bank, 730. 

Music by the English Con- 
cert New College Chapel, 
Oxford, 8. 

Music by tbe London Con-1 

cert Orchestra. Barbican Hall 
Barbican Centre, EC2, 7.45. 

Guitar recital by David] 
Russet Blackfnais Arts Centre} 
Spain Lane, Boston, Lines, 7.- 
Concert by the Fi ^|i«h 
Chamber On±estra, Queen 
Elizabeth Hall, South Bank,, 

Organ recital by Ruud 
Huijbregls. St. Paul's Cathe- 
dral. St toils, EC3, 123a , 
Songs for St Valentines Day,! 
by Jayne Siemens (soprano) 
and Christian Carrasco (tenor), 
Guildhall School of Music and? 
Drama, Barbican, 1.05. ’ 

Piano redial by Jocelyn 
Abbot, SL Sepulchre's Church, 
Holborn Viaduct ECl, l.ta 1 
Recital by tbe Calamus Trio, 
St Brides, Fleet Street 1.15. 

Concert by the Haile Or-, 
chestra, Bradford St George's) 
Halt 7.30. : 

Redial by The Alexander 
Trio, St James’s, Piccadilly, 

Venetian music for 
Valentine's Day; Leighton 
House, Holland Park Road, 
W14, 7.3ft 

Food prices 

Top Films 

Talks, lectures 

George Stubbs, by RB Foun- 
tain, Tbe Usher Gallery, 
Lindim Road, Lincoln, 7.30. 

Women authors and modern 
literature by Fay Weldon, 
Conference Room. L.G- Harris 
A Co, Stoke Prior, Bramsgrove, 
8 . 

Withered branches and ar- 
thritic loins: Catulus and Hor- 
ace on old age, by Professor 
Victor Estevez, Attenborough 
Leccture Theatre 1, Leicester 
University, 5.15 

Milestones in British Art (4): 
William Blake’s large colour 
prints, by Simon Wilson, Tale 
Gallery, MiUbank. 1. .« 

Tbe Nottingham shire 
omesday. by Graham Black, 
Lecture Theatre, Castle Mu- 
seum. 230. 

The Victorian use of the 
classical past, by Richard 
Jenkyns. University of London, 
The Warburg Institute, Wo- 
burn Sq. WC1, 5. 


Book Fair Medical Institute, 
Harborne Rd, Edgbaston. Bir- 
mingham, today 2 to 8, 
tomorrow 10 to 5. 

The pound 

itftterai ijinanaHKntf 

Is 13 gi a a bi n n 


Ira n ta ra- m a m a 

u a 63 n n a 

ciMkiii ( Vffi0E3I3HFi 3 

I® Si a a s 
raJPiM a 


" !□ 

Supplies of good quality fish 
throughout the country should 
be somewhat better than last 
week and many favourites are 
cheaper. The averageprice per 
pound of large cod fillet £1.73, 
ha ddock fillet £1.74, whiting 
fillet £139. plaice fillet £138, 
Dab 64p, Dover sole £337 and 
peded prawns £339. Boned 
herrings and madural . are 
shghiiy more expensive at 88p 
and 62 p respec ti vely. 

Retail meat prices have 
changed little apart from top- 
side and silverside of beef; 
sirloin steak. Port rib chops are 
down slightly- Stewing steak 
ranges from £139-£L60 a lb, 
best mince 98p£l38 and 
boneless brisket £I3S£!.69 a 
lb- Home produced hmfr leg is 
£l-54-£l_94, boned shoulder 
88p-£L.20 and loin drops 
£L64-£235. New ZealanH lamb 
leg £ I _28-£ i 39, boneless shoul- 
der 58-92p a lb. 

The cold weather has af- 
fected supplies of home grown 
vegetables and prices are up. 
Parsnips 20-3 5p a Ih, carrots 
l2-20p, caumlower 65-90p 
each, Brussels rorouts 30-45p a 
lb. Potatoes from store are 
unchanged at 8-12p a lb. 
Bejams have 21b bags of frozen 
Brussels sprouts at 68p, 51b 
bags £139, cauliflower (Sib 
bag) £1.68. diced c ariots (21b 
bag) 44p and baby carrots 32p. 

The variety of citrus fruit 
available at the g reengrocer is 
wide. Ugli fruit with its 
combination 'of orange, tan- 
gerine and grapefruit flavour is 
one of the most delicious and 
juicy varieties, but expensive at 
60-90p each. Other good citrus 
fruit buys this week are 
demen tines 30-50p a lb, or- 
anges 6-1 Op each, Italian ruby 
red oranges 5-1 Op each. 


Births: Copernicus, astrono- 
mer, Tonxn. Poland, 1473; 
Thomas Malthas, economist 
and demographer. Dorking. 
Surrey, 1766. 

Deaths: Captain James 
Cook. Kealakekua, Hawaiian 
Islands. 1779; Will™ Dyce, 
painter, London. 1864; Sfr 
Pelham (P jG.) Wmdboose, 
New York, 1975. 

Today is St Valentine's day. 

m» top box-olBea Bom In Lon- 
fdOK ■ 

111 RodcylV 
1 2(2 AChonaUns 
3(3 Back to the Futora 
-4(4 Kiss ofVaSpktor Woman 
5(5 TewtWoff 
6(10) YaarofthsDrsgpn 
7(7 DefancaotthaHstem 
6(6 Revolution 
9(9 My BeautUd Laundretto 
10(6) Death In a French Qardwi 
The top flan in lie provinces: - 

1 Rocky IV 

2 National Lwnpoons European 

3 Back to the Future 

4 Letter to Brezhnev' 

5 Prtzzfs Honour 

Top video rentals 

in Ramba First Blood 11 • 

2 2 Ghostbustora 

3 3 Gremfins 

4 4 Beverly His Cops 
5(6 Neverencfing Story 

6 5 The Terminator 

7(7 Wizards of the Lost King- 

8(B) Into tfisNgM 
9(ia Water 
10(27) Rocky 3 



A vary coM SE rixstream 
covers the United King- 
dom, with troughs of low 
pressure dose to SW 


6 am to raidn^ht 

London. SE. 
Bntral N. NE 


ry, some sunny 
now flurries; wf 
trong; max tamt 
Chanoal {stend 
ether doudy. 

SEgSar .iwnSS 


Aberdeen, Central 
ray Rrth. NE Scotland, Orion. 
Sbefeerfe Mostly dry. rather 
dtoudy; some snow flurries; wind 
SE moderate or fresh; max temp 
3C (37F). 

Oofloek for tomorrow and Sen- 
day: Utfle general change. 

High Tides 



London 5^3 pm to GAS am 
W«ol 5J3jxn *o 6SS am 
Eaobwah SS4 pm to 7JJ9 am 
W itirt ia m L47 pm to 6-58 am 
PaMcanea&OB pm to 7.04 am 

Around Britain 


Snow Reports 















2 S 






























































0 2 




































Parliament today 














C F 
I to 50 
I 18 64 

ai i7. ea 
> 16 81 

■ -1 30 
C 9 48 
* 20 88 
C 27 81 
d 9 48 

sn -2 28 
s -4 26 

r 20 68 

c 12 54 
8 2 38 
r 1 34 
S 0 32 
f -1 30 

■ 29 84 

r 20 68 

S 24 75 

*-13 9' 
r 14 57 


' -C F 
c 13 55 
e 14 57 
t 14 57 
8 33 91 
0 20 68 
1 20 68 
C-. 2 36. 
f-10 14 

* -6 23 
a -6 21 

I 30 86 
17 45 

5 19 66 

* -2 28 
i 11 52 
e -6 21 
0 236 
8 13 55' 

6 22 72' 

8 ^ 23.1 

r 1 . 

S. 15 

c 25 

' £Si. . "■ 
• r: •. 

W i, 


{■ h 


z~ y - ’ t 

* 51 * 

'■»! K '• 


.'I -. 

••Uv- * 

i.. ‘