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V * ! 

No 62,384 




Recent Cabinet 
departures have left 
Peter Walker as the 
main ‘doubting 
Thomas’ within 
Downing Street. The 
Times profiles the 
Energy Secretary, 
whose reputation as 
leading ‘Wet’ rests 
on a broad base 
within the party. 

Review of 
Roy Jenkins' 
biography of 
Harry Truman 

Blood and thunder 
The hare-coursing 


sabotage on 
the dog-track 

The Times Portfolio daily 
competition prize of £2,000 
was shared by two winners 
yesterday. Mrs Linda Courts, 
of Chalfont St Giles, Bachs, 
and Mrs M E Chandler, of 
Milton Keynes, each receive 
£1.000. Portfolio list, page 20; 
how to play, information ser- 
vice, back page. 

Black mob 
by Tutu 

Bishop Desmond Tutu, the 
Nobel Peace laureate, yester- 
day placated an angry black 
mob after three days of fierce 
riots near the wealthy white 
suburbs north of Johannes- 

in another development, a 
vemment prosecutor said 
: would withdraw charges 
against Mrs Winnie Mandela, 
who was detained briefly in 
December for entering Johan- 
nesburg after authorities 
banned her from the city 

Troops move in, page 6 



4 i ousts rival 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, consolidated his 
position with the removal 
from the Politburo of Mr 
Viktor Grishin, aged 71, the 
former Moscow party chief 
and one of the last sum vors of 
the Brezhnev- “old guard”. 













7 . SOt, 






Capsule ban 

The American drugs giant, 
Johnson & Johnson, is ending 
the sale of all non-prescription 
drugs in capsule form to 
prevent tampering that recent- 
ly caused a death Page 9 

Historic trial 

The trial of Gary Austin, aged 
24. opened at St .Albans 
Crown Court as a result of the 
first private m onslaught*., 
prosecution since 1950. He is 
alleged to have helped a drug 
user who later died to inject 
himself Pag* 3 

Bush victims 

The bodies of three adults and 
three children were found near 
an abandoned station wagon 
in the Australian outback, 
apparently the victims of 
dehydration P®** ^ 







l IMM t4 

Dial? >; 


leaden 13 

Lerten I.] 
Obituary 14 
Parliament 4 
Pntpcrh 28,29 
Sale Room J-J 
Science *4 
Sou* Uejwlv 32 
.Spurt 22-25 
Theatres, rtt 31 
TV & Radio 31 
W father 32 



Budget tax 
planned for 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 
Charities are set to receive a to charities who rely upon the 

multi-million pound Budget 
Day boost as a result of a 
radical change to the tax laws. 

Mr Nigel Lawson, Chancel- 
lor of the Exchequer is under- 
stood to have agreed in 
principle to introduce an 
Ameri can-style tax incentive 
scheme which will allow indi- 
viduals and companies who 
make donations to charities to 
set them against tax. 

The change, which has the 
enthusiastic support of the 
Prime Minister, is expected to 
lead to a massive increase in 
the annual income of chari- 
ties. now estimated to be 
about £10,000 million a year. 

With Mr Lawson's scope for 
lax cuts or increases in tax 
thresholds severely limited by 
the recent dramatic fell in oil 
prices, the charities package 
could form one of the most 
popular measures in his Bud- 

Apart from campaigning by 
Britain's charity network, Mr 
Lawson came under strong 
pressure to introduce the 
changes at the turn of the year 
from four senior ministerial 
colleagues who have a close 
interest in charities. 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, Mr Norman 
Fowler. Secretary of Slate for 
Social Services. Mr Timothy 
Raison. Minister for Overseas 
Development and Mr Rich- 
ard Luce, Minister for the 
Arts, are understood to have 
submitted a paper to the 
Treasury outlining the advan- 

Mr Brian Rix. secretary 
general of Mencap, the charity - 
for the mentally handicapped, 
who has led the call for the tax 
changes, predicted last night 
that donations could increase 
by 30 per cent 

“If this proves to be true it 
would be a tremendous boost 

instant response of generous 
doners. I am delighted and 
trust that the Chancellor will 
not dash our hopes on March 
18” be said. 

Mr Tim Yeo, Conservative 
MP for Suffolk South and 
former director of the Spas tics 
Society, said:“I think without 
question that over the next 
four or five years a change of 
this sort could result in tens of 
millions of extra pounds being 
donated to' charities. 

“It would certainly open up 
the possibility of much higher 
income from companies and 
some increase in income from 

“ The real potential is 
shown by what happens in 
America where companies do- 
nate something like 20 limes 
the proportion of profits do- 
nated by British firms to 

Individuals and companies 
can currently donate cash to 
charities by means of cove- 
nants, which allows the recipi- 
ent organization to reclaim the 
tax originally paid by the 

But the covenant system 
has been criticized as inflexi- 
ble with donors being legally 
bound to give cash for a 
minimum of four years and 
having to fill in fonnidible 
forms for the Inland Revenue. 

Mr Lawson's changes are 
expected to be especially help- 
ful to the arts world, where 
there has been continual con- 
flict over the level of govern- 
ment funding. It has been 
estimated within Whitehall 
that the changes could result 
in an extra £10 million to £30 
million a year being raised. 

Charities, which have no 
general VAT relief, are ex- 
empted from income tax. 
corporation taxand capital 
gains tax. 

Second leak at 
Sellafield plant 

By Pete - Davenport 

A second radioactive leak 
has been reported at the 
Sellafield nuclear reprocessing 
plant in Cumbria, only 13 
days after 1 1 workers were 
contaminated in a separate 

British Nuclear Fuels said 
yesterday that radioactive wa- 
ter had leaked from a frac- 
tured drain pipe k-.'fing from 
the building on the site where 
spent nuclear fuel is cooled in 
water before reprocessing. 

Pan of the plant was cor- 
doned off and a number of 
staff were evacuated. A 
Sellafield spokesman said last 
night that the break in the 
drainpipe had been discov- 
ered at midday, and was later 

“It led to low active pond 
water being discharged into 
the purpose-built containment 
trench resulting in an increase 
in radioactivity in the imme- 
diate vicinity” he said. 

“The area was cordoned off 
and initial monitoring showed 
little potential hazard to the 
workforce in the vicinity” 

The spokesman said initial 
Jests showed that exposure to 
personnel was not serious, but 
further investigations were 
underway. “We consider this a 
minor incident”, he said. 

However, he could not say 
how much radioactive water 
had leaked or how many 
workers were evacuated. 

The incident had been re- 
ported to trade union officials, 
the local liaison committee 
and the Nudear Installation 

It follows the recent escape 
of radioactive plutonium mist 
from a building in the com- 
plex. BNFL said only two or 
the 70 workers evacuated had 
been contaminated but it 
later admitted that 11 had 
been affected 

• A baby was bora prema- 
turely at Sellafield on Monday 
in the first birth at the nuclear 
plant. The mother, believed to 
be aged about 18 and unmar- 
ried worked as a secretary for 
a contracting firm. 

Waste site planned, page 2 

Interest rate optimism 

By Sarah Hogg, Economics Editor 

January’s public-sector sur- 
plus brought the borrowing 
requirement for the first 10 
months of the financial year 
down to only £3.2 billion, less 
than half the full-year figure 
most recently forecast by the 

Although the public sector 
normally moves back into 
heavy borrowing at the end of 
the financial year, official 
forecasts now look comfort- 
ably within reach. 

Surprise surge, page 17 

Interest rate prospects 
brightened yesterday follow- 
ing official figures showing 
that an unexpectedly large 
surplus allowed the public 
sector to repay £4.5 billion of 
borrowing in January - 
Money market rates fell far 
enough to remove all pressure 
for an increase in bank base 
rales above the present 12ft 
per cent leveL The pound rose 
nearly a cent, despite a 
strengthening in the dollar, to 
close in London at $1.4290. 

Israeli soldiers and armoured personnel carrier in the sooth Lebanon village of Khomrb al-Salem yesterday. 

Rank makes £740m 
offer for Granada 

The takeover wave which 
has been sweeping the Stock 
Exchange looked set to spread 
to the nation's television 
screens yesterday as Granada, 
makers of Coronation Street 
and The Jewel in the Crown 
received an unwanted and 
unexpected £740 million bid 
from the Rank Organisation. 

If successful the bid would 
create a £1.8 billion group 
with interests from business 
machinery to Butlin's by way 
of hotels, motorway service 
stations, cinemas and the- 
atres, television rental and the 
Pinewood film studios, in 
addition to the Granada TV 

Granada has the ITV fran- 
chise for tiie North-west of 
England, and its Manchester 
studios have been one of the 
main sources of ITV network 
programmes since the launch- 
ing of commercial television 

By CKff Felthain 

News of the bid provoked 
another spurt on the Stock 
Exchange yesterday, where the 
FT 30 Index rose 13.6 points 
to dose at a record of 1,234.3. 
Granada shares shot up 68p to 

Sir Patrick Meaney, the 
chairman of Rank, said he bad 
first put forward the idea of a 
merger last August but Mr 
Alex Bernstein, Granada's 

Kemwth Fleet 

Britain's best 
and photographs 



Rank is offering; a. straight 
five-fbr-mne share -swap, and 
with Rank shares at 547p that 
values each Granada share at 
304p. There is a cash alterna- 
tive of275p. 

chairman, said then that he 
preferred to stay independent 
The proposal was repeated 
at a lunchtime meeting yester- 
day, when Granada again 
turned down the idea 
A few weeks ago Granada 
broke off merger discussions 
■with Ladbroke — whose chair- 
man, .Mr CVril Stem, yesier- 
"• 'V -day made .dear that was the 

end of the affair. 

Sir Patrick said: “As. far as 
we are concerned, that 
(Granada’s discussions with 
Ladbroke) indicated that they 
were obviously willing to con- 

sider a merger and so we have 
decided to go for them. We 
think a merger with us makes 
a great deal more sense than 
one with Ladbroke. However 
we don't fed that this bid is 
any any way hostile.’ 1 

The group has been study- 
ing a number of likely take- 
over targets for the past year, 
having only recently reorga- 
nized its own business after 
pressure from City institu- 

Rank feels that Granada 
will provide an ideal fit, 
particularly in their joint oper- 
ations of more than 100 bingo 
and social dubs and motor- 
way service stations. But the 
main attraction for Rank is 
Granada’s nationwide chain 
of 650 television and video 
rental shops, which contribut- 
ed around 60 per cent of 
Granada's £64 million .profit 
total last year._ . 

Rank sees considerable po- 
tential for selling holidays 
through the shops. It sold two 
million holidays last year 

Continued on page 32, col 1 




By Anthony Bevins 
Political Correspondent 
The Prime Minister yester- 
day condemned pickedine vio- 
lence’s! News International's 
Wapping works as disgraceful 
and arged Mr Neil funnock to 
join her in the attack. 

Bat the Labour leader re- 
plied daring the Commons 
questions: “In condemning the 
violence wherever it occurs, 
wQl the Prime Minister also 
acknowledge the contribution 
made to try to stop violence by 
leaders of Sogat and dm NGA 
and the way they have roandly 
condemned those who bring 
their onions and their activi- 
ties into disrepnte?” 

Mrs Thatcher recognized 
what Mr Kinnock had said, 
and added: “I am glad he 
totally condemns violence, I 
hope on each and every picket 
line or demonstration wherev- 
er it occurs, and I would be 
grateful if he would confirm 
that” Mr Kinnock did not 

Earlier, the Prime Minister 
had been asked by Mr Jerry 
Hayes, Conservative MP for 
Harlow, whether she would 
condemn the violence at 
Wapping— where there have 
been 194 arrests since the 
dispute began— particularly 
the attacks on the police. 

He also asked her to per- 
suade the muon leaders to 
follow Mr Kinnock 's example 
by rooting oat “some of the 

Continued on page 2, col 5 

Loophole on parking fines 

Motorists may be able to 
claim back thousands of 
pounds in parking fines after 
being convicted under the 
wrong Act according to a legal 
expert yesterday. 

London's Metropolitan Po- 
lice had sent ont summonses 
under the 1974 Road Traffic 
Act for parking-offences. But 
the relevant parts were re- 
pealed by the Road Traffic 
Regulation Act on September 
26, 1984. It was under that Act 
that parking offences should 
be brought, the expert said. 
The aggrieved could seek to 

through the coarts. 

A London doctor yesterday 
won an 

appeal at 
Crown Coart 

By Richard Evans 

against conviction under the 
1974 Art. 

According to one estimate, 
many thousands of people 
could have been wrongly con- 
victed and fined during the 
year ending January 30. But 
since then the Metropolitan 
Police had bees amending 
sammonses so that they were 
under the Road Traffic Regu- 
lation Art 1984, the expert 

The court heard yesterday 
that Dr John Keet, a consul- 
tant physician in Wimpole 
Street, was convicted by Wells 
Street magistrates in Decem- 
ber for failing to comply with 
the statutory statement of 
ownership in relation to a 
parking ticket 

He appealed against convic- 
tion and was awarded legal 
costs yesterday after Mr John 
Reekers, prosecuting, offered 
no evidence. 

Mr Reekers told the hear- 
ing:” Dr Keet was summonsed 
and convicted under the wrong 
section. A conviction under the 
1974 Art without reference to 
the 1984 Art cannot stand.” 

Miss Renee Calder, defence 
coonset, told the hearing she 
tad pointed out the relevant 
sections of the- 1984 Art to the 
magistrates Dr Keet was con- 
victed by. 

Judge Gratis Raleigh said: 
“The point is not that the 
magistrates were in ignorance 
of the Act bat that the learned 
clerk should have told them.” 

Land Rover rivals 
get bid deadline 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

Land Rover will be sold to 
General Motors along with the 
BL truck operation unless 
rivals can put together within 
two or three weeks bids which 
the Government and. the Ley- 
land board are convinced offer 
a better prospect for the 
companies’ future. 

Senior ministers disclosed 
the new deadline last night 
and underlined their firm 
belief that the General Motors 
deal, at an advanced stage and 
which ministers hope will be 
concluded within the next few 
wedcs, remains the best com- 
mercial bet. 

It was also revealed that 
General Motors bas always 
made it plain that Land Rover 
must form part of the deal As 
Tory MPs continued to voice 
discontent at the proposed US 
deal, ministers disclosed that 
in addition to Lonrho and 
Aveling Barfbrd, three other 
companies, two foreign and 
one British, have expressed an 
interest in Land Rover, and 
one other foreign company 
has expressed an interest in 
the track business. 

But no firm bids have been 
received. Although ministers 
doubted whether it would be 
feasible for the other compa- 
nies to meet the mid-March 
deadline they gave an assur- 
ance that senous proposals 
will be given a chance. 

Bui both for the Govern- 
ment and General Motors the 
situation could not be allowed 
to drift, ministers said. Gener- 

al Motors needed to find a 
solution for Bedford which 
was losing heavily, while the 
Government would face the 
prospect of putting in more 
money to sustain the business. 

Ministers are unhappy at 
the opposition of Tory MPS to 
the deal, but believe they can 
ride tiie storm. 

Mr John Taylor, Conserva- 
tive MP for Solihull yesterday 
led a delegation of Midlands 
councillors and union repre- 
sentatives to Mr Peter Morri- 
son, Minister of State for 
Industry, to press for a British 
solution for Land Rover. He 
said afterwards that they bad 
been “less than reassured”. 

The Prime Minister’s pref- 
erence for the American op- 
tion was again evident in the 
Commons yesterday. 

The Government s position 
among Midlands Tories was 
slightly eased when Mr Hal 
Miller, MP for Bromsgrove, 
backed the General Motors 
solution for Land Rover. Mr 
Miller, a vice chairman of the 
Conservative Party, said they 
had the resources and the 
markets to assure the compa- 
ny a successful future. 

Lloyd’s chief 

Mr Alan Lord, former lop 
executive with Dunlop, the 
tyres group, has been appoint- 
ed chief executive and deputy 
chairman of Lloyd’s insurance 
market in succession to Mr 
Ian Hay Davison. 

Bar gets leave to 
fight for pay rise 

By Frances Gibb 

The Bar won leave in the chairman of the Bar, in whose 

name the legal proceedings are 
being brought said the Lord 

High Court yesterday to bring 
its unprecedented legal chal- 
against the Lora Chan- 
lor over his decision to 
limit the pay rise for criminal 
legal aid work to 5 pa - cent for 

A packed courtroom heard 
Mr Thomas Morison QC ac- 
cuse the Lord Chancellor of 
acting illegally in tailing to 
consult and negotiate with tiie 
Bar over the pay increases, 
and for felling to comply with 
his statutory duty to pay "fair 
and reasonable rates of re- 

Mr Morison. 
Mr Robert 

ison. appearing 
Alexander QC 



Chancellor had a duty to; 
determine fees on a rational j 
basis. "Figures can't be ! 
[ducked out of the air.” 

The Bar of England and 
Wales, in the name of its 
chairman, who was in comt 
for the hearing, was seeking 
leave to challenge the Lord 
Chancellor's decision by 
means of judicial re view After 
a 45-roinute bearing, Lord 
Justice Watkins said he recog- 
nized “there' is a case to 

Solicitors’ earnings, page 2:1 
Details, page 5.1 

Tests find 
cracks in 
BA jumbo 
nose ribs 

By Michael Horsnefl 

Emergency airworthiness 
tests by British Airways have 
revealed cracks in all six older 
Boeing 747s so fer examined. 

This was confirmed by the 
airline yesterday after the 
Civil Aviation Authority or- 
dered further checks. 

Fifteen of BA’s 30 747s are 
of the early 100 series, dating 
back to 1971; internal checks 
on the other nine will be 
completed next month. 

The GAA directive follows 
one to US carriers by the 
American Federal Aviation 
Authority. British Airways 
had already begun its tests. 

Despite the widespread dis- 
covery of cracks in the ribs of 
the nose section, the CAA says 
that- there _ is no reason to 
question 747s’ safety. 

’ . The CAA and the airline are 
anxious to quell fears in view 
of BA's impending privatiza- 
tion. Tbe Government does 
not welcome the embarrass- 
ment of current safety fears. 

Neither body could say how 

serious the defects were. But 
officials point out that they do 
not match the high concentra- 
tion in five Japan Air Lines 
short-range jumbos. 

Mr John Chaplin, CAA 
director of safety services, 
said:' "These aircraft are safe 
to fly, if they were not, we 
would have them on the 

• Boeing has asked opera- 
tors to check bolts on tbe main 
wing flap, after two- small 
sections of a BA 747 wing feU 
away" at Boston last Decem- 

to kill 

By Our Foreign Staff* 

Islamic Resistance, whirl 
has claimed responsibility fo', 
the kidnapping in south Leba 
non bu Monday of two Israel 
soldiers, yesterday threaten* 
to execute one of them i 
Israeli forces do not 
from Lebanon before 7 pn 
GMT today. 

Tbe group issued the warn 
ingin a communique distribot 
ed to the press along witl 
photocopies of the idesatitj 
cards and discs of two Israel 
soldiers, Joseph Bennech am 
Rahani Lerichek. 

“We warn Israel of the nees 
to withdraw immediately and, 
totally from all the village^ 
that were targets of the btes^ 
Israeli invasion”, the coaunuh 
niqne said, in a reference to the} 
wide-ranging Israeli search 
operation for the two soldiers^ 
Israeli troops swept through 
south Lebanon yesterday. kiU-i 
ing at least three guerrillas 
and losing a soldier in clashes 
with Shia Muslim fundamen- 
talist militiamen, security 
sources said. 

The guerrillas were kilted, 
and three others wounded, af 
Srifa, 10 miles north of 
Israel's “security zone”. Foot 
other fighters were wounded at, 
the village of Kabrikha, four 
miles sooth-west, Muslim mi-] f 
litia officials, said. 

Gunmen positioned on the; 
coast shot and k3kd an Israelii 
corporal on board a Navyj 
vessel patrolling near tbe porti 
of Tyre, 46 miles sooth of! 
Beirut, tbe Israeli Defence I 
Force said. It identified him as 1 
Corporal Daniel Amar, aged ■ 
19, of Natanya. *, 

Lebanese police sources j 
said there was fierce combat 
yesterday afternoon at Deirj 
Kifa, 13 miles south of Srifa. . 
Helicopters were trying to 
land paratroops at the scene. 1 
One helicopter was downed j 
near Tyre, tbe sources': 
churned. * 

An Israeli column of 25 '.! 
vehicles was seen moving to 








Tebaine, three miles north of ( 

the secnrfty zone. Earlier, 
Israeli military officials k 
claimed there was no resis- 
lance- The officials said two of 
the guerrillas who took part in 
the kidnapping were arrested 
In the sweep. 

In the village of Khirbet 
Seim,. Israeli troops rounded 
op prisoners while armoured 
personnel carriers blocked ac- 
cess to the area and helicopter 
gHnsbips wheeled overhead. 

A driver on one approach 
road crashed his car into the 
ditch in panic as a helicopter 
began firing a 20mm Gatling 
gun over bills and valleys 

The Israeli Defence Minis- 
ter, Mr Yitzhak Rabin, visited 
the security zone yesterday 
and said that the Israeli forces 
had already uncovered large 
arms deposits. He said that 
the IDF would return to its 
previoas mode of operations in 
south Lebanon as soon as this 
operation produced the de- 
sired results. 






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Heffer warns Labour 
of ‘civil war’ 
over Liverpool purge 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

A senior Labour left-winger success to the SDP-Ubcral Mulhearn, president of the 

spoke yesterday of civil war in 
the party if the national 
executive committee carries 
out a purge of the Liverpool 
Labour Partv and if there are 
moves to withdraw the whip 
from two MPs who support 
the Militant Tendency. 

Reports that the just-com- 
pleted inquiry into the Liver- 
pool party could bring its 
disbandment and the expul- 
sion of several Militant sup- 
porters have provoked anger 
on the left 

Yesterday Mr Eric Heffer, 
MP for Liverpool Walton, 
wrote in a letter to Labour's 
general secretary, Mr Lany 
Whmy: “A witch-hunt against 
Liverpool party members and 
some MPs will not satisfy the 
right-wing Press. What can 
happen is civil war within the 
party, and if that "occurs we 
shall be handing electoral 


Some members of the cen- 
tre-right believe that the natit- 
rai follow-up to tough action 
over Liverpool would be the 
withdrawal of the Labour 
whip from Mr Dave Neilist, 
MP for Coventry South East, 
and Mr Terry Helds. MP for 
Liverpool Broadgreen. 

• The final list of names of 
Liverpool members to be 
recommended for expulsion 
will be drawn up at a meeting 
of the inquiry team today 
(Peter Davenport writes). 

The report will go to all 26 
members of the national exec- 
utive for consideration over 
the weekend in advance of the 
meeting next Wednesday 
when they will consider the 
recommendations for action. 

Mr Derek Hatton, deputy 
leader of Liveipool City 
Council and Mr Tony 

district party, are thought 
certain to be expelled. 

Some sources indicated yes- 
terday that any new constitu- 
tion for the Liverpool party 
would stipulate that it would 
be able to draw delegates only 
from wards and constituent 

• Yesterday Mr Ray Gill the 
acting regional organizer for 
the party in the North west, 
confirmed that his office had 
received telephone complaints 
about alleged votin 
fries involving Mr 
They centred on a meeting 
of the Childwab ward on 
Monday at which Mr Hatton 
was elected chairman by a 
majority of one and. also by a 
majority of two, nominated 
for the chairmanship of the 
Broadgreen constituency. 

Mr Hatton said be had no 
comment to make. 

‘dead in 
chapel 9 

Rethink decision, 
Argentines urged 

By Nicholas Ashford, diplomatic correspondent 

British MPs were last night in the Argentine capital before 
of a they set out. and that criticism 
increased when 

visiting Argentine Parliamen- 
tary delegation to reconsider 
their earlier decision to reject 
an invitation from the Gov- 
ernment to hold talks with Mr 
Timothy Eggar. a junior For- 
eign Office minister, later this 

The group's British hosts, 
the South Atlantic Council 
feared that if the Argentines 
persisted in their refusal to 
meet Mr Eggar, Parliamentary 
Under-Secretary of State at 
the Foreign Office, this would 
be seen as a snub in London 
and would jeopardize the 
improvement in British- Ar- 
gentinian relations which their 
visit to London this week had 
so far achieved. 

Mr Cyril Townsend, the MP 
for Bexleyheath. and chair- 
man of the South Atlantic 
Council which was set up to 
improve understanding be- 
tween the two former Falk- 
lands foes, said last night that 
the situation was very con- 

He remained hopeful, how- 
ever, that the meeting, which 
he had initiated, would still go 
ahead on Friday. 

He said that domestic pres- 
sures in Buenos Aires were 
behind their rejection of the 
invitation to meet Mr Eggar. 

The delegation’s visit to 
Britain had aroused criticism 

had increased when it was 
learnt that they might meet a 
member of the British Gov- 

The four. Senator Adolfo 
Gass. Senator Julio Amoedo, 
Senor Federico Storani and 
Senor Julio Bordon, are here 
on a goodwill visit to hold 
talks with British Parliamen- 

Yesterday the four held 
“friendly and constructive’' 
talks with a group of British 
MPs led by Sir Anthony 

Mr David Crouch. Conser- 
vative MP for Canterbury, 
said after the meeting that be 
detected indications of greater 
flexibility on the Argentine 

There were no sign* of any 
flexibility- from the Prime 
Minister, however, when she 
referred to the Falklands dur- 
ing Question Time. 

“I wish to make it absolute- 
ly dear that the sovereignty of 
the Falklands is not negotiable 
and that the wishes of the 
Falkland Islanders are and 
will remain paramount," she 
told a questioner. 

Earlier the Foreign Office 
had announced that Baroness 
Young, Minister of State at the 
Foreign Office, is to pay a six- 
day visit to the disputed 
islands, starting this Sunday. 

Perks for 
lawyers in 

By Our Legal Affairs 

The earnings of solicitors in 
commerce and industry far 
outstrip those of their col- 
leagues in private practice and 
are usually boosted with valu- 
able perquisites, according to 
a new survey by the manage- 
ment consultants Hay-MSL 

More than half the 377 
solicitors sampled earned 
more than £26,000, with a 
quarter earning more than 
£43,000, the survey showed. 
Perquisites are widespread, 
with nearly SO per cent of 
solicitors receiving a car, with 
an average price of £10,000. 

Among the senior job levels, 
the chieflegal advisers, nearly 
all solicitors, receive a car. 
About 85 per cent have the 
subscription to their profes- 
sional body paid. 

There is a close relationship 
between age and years of 
experience, and average sala- 
ries rise by almost £1,000 a 
year from the date of qualifi- 
cation, with solicitors aged 26 
(one year qualified) earning 
£14.300. rising steadily to 
£34.000 for solicitors in their 
late forties. 

The survey is published 
shortly after another, which 
showed that solicitors in pri- 
vate practice had earnings 
which were significantly lower 
than those of other profession- 
al people. 

Young workers on a Community 
Programme project (above) with a 
George m camion found during 
the unearthing of the seventeenth- 
century Amhurst Fort overlooking ' 
Chatham Harbour. 

The programme, praised by 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher on tele- 
vision on Monday as a “pretty 
good capital programme”, has so 
far given nearly half a million 

long-term unemployed jobs on 
community projects at a cost of 
£1^5bQlion (Patricia Clough 

Although it cannot demonstrate 
it statistically, the Manpower 
Services Commission (MSC), 
which administers the pro- 
gramme, believes strongly that it 
improves people's chances of get- 
ting regular work. 

A survey carried out by the 
MSC of 2360 people who took 
part in the programme in 1983-84 
found that 25 per cent west 
straight into regular employment. 
Eight and a half months later 31 
per cent of them had jobs. 

The programme was launched 
in its present form in October 

(Photograph, Peter Trievnor). 

Taxing problem of the lower paid 

By Lawrence Lever 
The lower paid are paying 
more in lax and national 
insurance than when the Con- 
servative Government came 
to' power, according to the 
Institute of Fiscal Studies. 

Average gross weekly earn- 
ings for a male teacher at a 
secondary school in 1979, 
were £93.44. of which about 
28.53 per cent was deducted in 
income tax and national in- 
surance contributions. Last 
year, average earnings were 
£169.90, while the tax burden 
had risen to 32.19 per cent. 

Nurses are paying slightly 
less than 5 per cent more of 
earnings in tax and national 
insurance than in 1979, while 

secretaries and cleaners pay 
just over 4 per cent more. 

IFS estimates for 1986 put 
the average weekly earnings 
for a nurse at £130.31. with 
29.24 per cent going in tax and 
national insuranceJeaving 

In the last four budgets the 
Government reduced the tax 
burden by increases in the real 
level of tax allowances rather 
than reducing the basic rate, 
with a 30 per cent rise since 
1979. It was this budget which 
heralded a reduction in basic 
rates from 33 per cent 

However the institute says 
if the resources used to in- 
crease allowances had been 

used to cut the basic rate, there 
would be a rate of 26.5p. 

The problem with raising 
allowances is that this does 
not affect sufficient numbers 
of those most in need heads of 
families with children who 
find that an increase in 
pay leaves them worse of 
increasing tax and insurance 
contributions, while reducing 
state benefits. 

IFS says although about two 
million people would be re- 
moved from tax liability by a 
30 per cent increase in allow- 
ances, only 100.000 would 
come from this category. 

Cutting basic rates will not 
affect the numbers paying tax. 

but it does improve the posi- 
tion of those people who 
would be or would almost be 
financially better off on bene- 

Nevertheless, the 7FS says if 
the Government was to spend 
£6 billion on tax cuts, by a 5 
per cent cur in basic rate, or a 
30 per cent increase in allow- 
ances .those earning less than 
£250 a week gross would 
benefit more from the allow- 
ance increase. 

The . advantage of raising 
allowances is that all basic rate 
tax payers will have the fame 
increase in net income, an 
increase proportionally the 
greatest benefit for those on 
lowest incomes. . 

A man’s New Year's. Eye 
revels ended when lw discov- 
ered the Wood-soaked body of 

fashion tycoon Aristas 

Con5tantin<m,an inquest 
hAsrd yesterday. 

Mr SttSantinoa shot 
in the private chapel of his 
£1.7 million mansion fa 
Head, north London, 
on New Year’s Day fast war; 

His widow, now Mrs Elena 
Nugent, had Sown from the 
United Stares 1o attend Horn- 
sey Coroner's Court ; 

Mr Richard VeUeman, of 
High Road, FmcMe y, sak l he. 
was riding home when- he 
came across a yroroan shooj- - 
jng and screamif®. ' in Tire. 
Bishop's Avenue, known fa 
Millionaire’s Row. in Hamp- 

Mrs Consrantioou told Mr 
VeBcmaa she had climbed dot 
of an upstairs bathroom wuf- 
dow and that t wo men, one of 
than black, had locked her ib 
the room after forcing her to 
open the safe. 

Mr Vctienun got in through 
the same window and broke . 
open a panel in toe fockrtt 

He said be walked along » 
dimly lit hallway and found ■ 
Mr Consrantinou’s body face 
down in a pool of 
could feel no pulse. 
MrConstanrjnonAgBd 4ft • 
shot seven times with a tare 
25 automatic pistol which 
used 30-year-old silver buBe$ 
no longer available. •' v. 

As she arrived fofr 
yesterday's bearing, .. Mr 
N tgent was approached byh$ 
Barnes Wilson.from Cofindafc 
Avenne.oortb London .Mr 
Wilson said he had served it 
writ for an unpaid bid of 
£374.78 for a carpet to replace 
Ifae blood-stained carpet 

Times man to 
head agency 

Dud notes 
gang get 
15 years 

clash at 

Leading specialists clashed 
again yesterday at the inquiry- 
in to the competence of Mrs 
Wendy Savage, the consultant 
obstetrician at the London 
Hospital who has been sus- 
pended since last ApriL 

Mr Gordon Bourne, the 
North East Thames Regional 
Health Authority's assessor in 
obstetrics, said he disagreed 
with the view of Mr John 
Dennis. Professor of Obstet- 
rics at Southampton Universi- 
ty. that in one of the cases 
being considered at the inqui- 
ry’ then? was in effect "no case 
to answer”. 

In the case, a girt aged 15 
was in labour for more than 18 
hours before a Caesarean de- 
livery. Mr Bourne said he 
found it hard to believe that in 
the circumstances Professor 
Dennis would have agreed 
that the labour should contin- 


He agreed, however, that 
I he management of the case 
would not be considered by 
most doctors to indicate in- 

Security clampdown 
on GCHQ computers 

By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 

The Government Commu- 
nications Headquarters 
(GCHQ) at Cheltenham, the 
subject of recent security 
leaks, has com m otioned ex- 
perts to ensure that govern- 
ment computers bolding 
classified information are spy- 

The British computer spe- 
cialist , Logica, has been 
awarded a contract in partner- 
ship with Admiral Computing 
to test the security of sensitive 
government machines. 

GCHQ computers contain 
highly classified material gath- 
ered by its staff when monitor- 

ing foreign broadcasts. The 
materia] includes information 
on codes and deciphering 
techniques used by the British 
and other nations when trans- 
mining top security informa- 

The Americans have been 
particularly concerned about 
the general level of security in 
Britain, largely because of 
recent leaks and subsequent 
prosecutions. The first task of 
the partnership, will be to test 
the security of the present 
computer systems used by 
sensitive government agen- 

Three members of a multi- 
million pound banknote forg- 
ery ring, smashed by a James 
Bond-style undercover detec- 
tive,' were jailed yesterday. 

The men were arrested in an 
operation by a detective iden- 
tified only as Sergeant Henry. 
During the trial at Leicester 
Crown Court he was described 
as the "James Bond" of the 
regional crime sqnad. 

The syndicate planned to 
flood Britain with forged £50 
notes acknowledged to be 
“excellent" copies. 

Sgt Henry infiltrated the 
syndicate, posing as a crooked 
businessman, after first mak- 
ing contact at a lonely Berk- 
shire farmhouse. 

Sgt Henry said be received a 
death threat from one of the 
gang while be posed as a 
crowed businessman wanting 
to buy £250,000 worth of 
forged notes. 

Judge halts UDR trial 

The trial of six Ulster 
Defence Regiment soldiers 
was halted yesterday when the 
judge dismissed himself from 
hearing the case involving the 
killing of a Roman Catholic 

Mr Justice Hutton told 
Belfast Crown Court he bad 
been prejudiced because the 
prosecution had unnecessarily 

raised a doubt about the only 
witness to the killing of Adrian 
Carroll in Armagh City two 
years ago. 

The five men accused of I 
murder were remanded in 
custody. The sixth, who is 
charged with withholding in- 
formation about the killing, 
was granted bail. 

Y esterd ay Bmy Potter, aged *| 

Drummond Road. Romford. Es 

was tailed for seven years after being 
round guilty or conso fling to supply 


He admitted poaaesrfng 1.713 £50 
notes last February knowing tfiem lo 

be forged and also to Intending lo 

supply 5287 £50 note* to Sgt Henry. 
John Kenny, aged 38. at Avon 

drove. BKsctoey. BuddnahamsWre. 

was failed for five and a ‘hoif yean 
after being convicted on Oie conspir- 
acy charge and pleading guilty to 
intending lo supply. 

John Glasgow, aged 41. of Walsh's 


essi me 

Royal jockey 

Princess Anne is to ride one 
of tbe Queen's horses in the 
l flat ra 

coming Hat race season. The 
announcement by Bud 
ham Palace effectively em 
speculation that she is expect- 
ing her third child. 

Couple fight Guernsey 
law In Strasbourg 

By Christopher Warman, Property Correspondent 

An English couple, who 
were prevented under a 
Guernsey housing law from 
living in their, own home on 
the island, took their case 
against the island authorities 
to the European Court of 
Human Rights in Strasbourg 

Mr Gerald Gillow and his 
wife, Yvonne, claimed that 
the 1969 Housing Control 
Law. which stripped them of 
their residential status, contra- 
vened the European Conven- 
tion on Human Rights. 

They argued that the hous- 
ing legislation was a "surro- 
gate immigration measure" 
promulgated by connivance 
with the British Government 

The Gillows, now retired, 
moved to Guernsey in 1956. 
built their house and lived 
there until I960, when Mr 
Gillow took an overseas post 
with a United Nations agency. 

During their absence they 
rented the house to tenants, 
but when they returned in 1979 
they found they were disquali- 
fied from the right of residence 
under the housing law. 

Tbe Guernsey housing au- 
thorities found that the 
Gillows' links with the island 
were not sufficiently close and 
denied them a licence to 
occupy their house. 

The couple have the sup- 
port of the European Commis- 
sion of Human Rights, which 
concluded that the denial of 
the licence violated various 
articles in the convention that 
guarantee the Gillows' right to 
respect for their private and 
family life and of being enti- 
tled to the peaceful enjoyment 
of their possessions. 

For the United Kingdom 
Government, Mr 

DeV.G.Carey contended that 
housing control on the densely 
populated island was “vitally 
important" and that the 
Guernsey authorities were jus- 
tified in trying to stem the 
influx of newcomers. 

He described the Gillows* 
claim that the law was a 
subterfuge for immigration 
control and a "mere device to 
conceal anti-British policies" 
as highly tendentious; it 
formed part of their “crusade” 
against the island. 

£200m nuclear waste 
site planned for 1990s 

By Pearce Wright 


A land-based nuclear waste 
site for low-level and interme- 
diate-level radioactive waste 
would cost more than 
£2Q0miltioa to build, the Cab- 
inet has been told. 

The site could be ready 
between 1992 and 1995. It 
would be used for 50 years and 
kept secure for another 300 
years to allow the most active 
materials to decay to a safe 

Those specifications are 
contained in a submission lo 
the Cabinet for permission to 
conduct preliminary geologi- 
cal surveys in four places. 

The request has been made 
by the Department of the 
Environment on behalf of the 
Nuclear Industry Radioactive 
Waste Executive, Nirex, 
which is based at Harwell, 
Oxfordshire. Government 
consent is expected this 

Opponents, such as Friends 
of the Earth and the Town and 
Country Planning Associa- 
tion. expect an attempt lo 
bypass part of the planning 


Present waste 
dumping site A 

Potential waste 
dumping sites ▲ 


NUT to continue 
wage claim action 

Members of the National 
Union of Teachers (NUT) 
have voted overwhelmingly 
for a series of short strikes in 
tbe next few weeks, in spite of 
the provisional settlement of 
the teachers' salaries dispute. 

NUT members voted by 
three to one for continued 
industrial action, calling on 
the union's 216,000-strong 
membership to take part in 
half-day walk-outs or individ- 
ual stoooaaes. 

Mr Fred Jarvis, NUT gener- 
al secretary, hailed yesterday’s 
result as “a resounding 
thumbs down" to the prelimi- 
nary deal, which offers teach- 
ers a 6.9 per cent pay rise 
backdated to April last year, 
plus a further 1.6 per cent on 
March 31 this year. 

The deal will almost cer- 
tainly be ratified if it is 
approved next week by tbe 

National Association of 
Schoolmasters/Union of 
Women Teachers. 

• A Si Helen’s mother was 
yesterday given leave to' chal- 
lenge in the High Court a plan 
by the local education author- 
ity to amalgamate Cowley 
County and Rivington Coun- 
ty high schools. 

Mis Patricia Davis, of 
Windlehall Drive, who has 
two children at Cowley, 
claims that St Helen's Metro- 
politan Borough Council act- 
ed unlawfully when it deckled 
to merge die schools next year. 

• Tbe Assistant Masters' and 
Mistresses* Association, 
which has so far co-operated 
with preparations for the new 
16-plus examination, has 
called for a delay in introduc- 
ing the GCSE course to re- 
place O-Jevds and CSEs. 

BP again 
cuts price 
of petrol 

Mr Colin Webb aged 4* 
deputy editor of The Tina, fa 
Ip succeed Mr David Qb^aj. 
editor-in-chief of far "Pne«»\ 
Association, ibenatioegdaaus 
agency. Mr Tim Mom* 

chairman of the PA, faffl 


A former reporter with tM 
agency. Mr Wdfo was ftfifot 
of the Cambridge Eva 
A fe»ra from 1974 to 1982, ; 
has bdd his present post 
four years. MrChxpp.^ed ; 
announced last June bis int 
tion to retire from the PA ; 
more, than 16 years. Mr W< 
wifl jom the agency on a dat 
tcMfa announced soon. ' 

- ■ TV. 

•’ By David Yotmg v • 

I^rgy Correspondent 

BP, which is set toamuranee 
a near-record profit tomorrow, 
has again cut Its petrol price In . , _ , 

fc^tooffiuimgwrtdcnrfe trial delay 


Average prices at BP and 
National petrol stations 
should fan by 2.7p a gallon to- , 
jnst over 181p. Other ing ofl 
companies are expected to 
announce similar cuts by the 
end of the week. 

However motoring organi- 
zations remain convinced that 
the oil companies can reduce 
prices to nearer I70p a gallon 
and stai retain a luge profit 

mar gin. 

Several of toe smaller com- 
panies, notably the Jet chain, 
are already selling petrol at 
about I75p a gallon. 

The trial of Dominic 
McGIinchey, aged 32, once 
the most wanted man in 
Ireland, was. adjourned for 
two days yesterday after a - 
court was told he had dis- 
missed his legal representative 
two weeks before the case was 
due to begin. 

Dublin's non-jury Special 
Criminal Court granted i 
defence request for an ad-' 
journment for further consul- 
tation over charges in 
connection with a shoot-out 
before his arrest in 1984' * 


Driving ban 
for Yarwood 

Designed to impress: The new Jaguar XJ40 (Photograph: CAR Magazine) 

Jaguar’s luxurious new sleek look 

Mike Yarwood, the televi- 
sion entertainer, was fined 
£200 yesterday and banned 
from driving for two yean 
after admitting driving , with, 
too much alcohol in his blood. 

Magistrates at Walton-on- 
Thames, Surrey, were told 
that Yarwood, aged 44, had a 
breath test reading of nearly 
three times the legal limit 
when he was stopped near his 
home in High Pine. Close, 
Weybridge, on February 6. 

* case 





Designed to cruise beyond 
the year 2000, Jaguar's new, 
luxurious XJ40 was unveiled 

the headlamps, tbe awkward 
tail lights and the excess of 

Riot case man 

Tbe sleek successor to 
Jaguar's Series-3 is more 
modern In detail, with no 
single part being shared by tbe 
two models, except the steer- 
ing wheel badge, according to 
CAR Magazine, 

_ The XJ40 is about 2001b 
lighter, model for model, than 
the _ Series-3, and has more 
cabin length, more shoulder 
room and a bigger and more 
practical boot, CAR 

early 1987, win have three 
engine options; 

The first two, versions of the | 

AJ6 engine, will be launched ( W1HS G8H18&6S 
straight away. Tbe third, the 
53 litre V12 model. Is sched- 

Magazu te 

Missing from the new car 
are the bulbous doors and 
metal sculpture surrounding 

The new Jaguar, tipped to 
be unveiled 'officially, at the 
Birmingham Motor Show this 
year, and on Britain's roads by 

tiled for late 1988 as an 1989 

Jaguar's new car, pledged to 
carry Coventry's fortunes on 
its back, was originally going 
to be an economy-oriented 
executive car, but Jaguar de- 
cided to retorn to the wood- 
end-leather theme. 

Claudius David, aged 26. of 
Ken Icy House. Broadwater. 
Farm estate, north London., 
was awarded £950 damages 
against the police by Totten- 
ham magistrates yesterday. '• 
He had been hold in custody 
for 19 days accused of assist-; 
ing in the retention of Stolen 
goods during the estate riots 
last October, which he denied. 

— t 

Thatcher condemns violence at Wapping 




in their own 





Nirex said yesterday the 
surveys would take between 
six to p months, and that a 
public inquiry would be held. 

The sites include old clay 
workings near Elstow, Bed- 
fordshire; a former Ministry of 
Defence base near Amcon. 
Oxfordshire; a section of the 
Atomic Energy Research 
Establishment's grounds at 
Harwell; and land at an old 
power station at Killragbolme, 

Continued from 

Mrs Thatcher replied: “We 
totally condemn die violence 
which has been occurring and 
which we saw oh tbe television 
screens on Saturday night on 
the demonstrations outside 

“We understand that the 
majority were not thought to 
be printers. I nevertheless 

Tbe Sunday Times, Tbe Sub 
and the News of the World. 

The newspapers have been 
distributed by road since the 
company moved to Wapping, 
but British RaQ is anxious to 
regain the contract, which 
represents about a third of its 
annual £27 rnfllkm newspaper 
distribution revenue. 

It says News International 
fas broken its contract and, 
"left ns with resources for 

disgraceful they should attack we have to pay ami from 

----- which we are getting no 


But the British Rail chair - 

the police in this way and we 
totally support tbe polk*." 

Outside of the Commons, 
Sir Bob Reid, the British Rail 
chairman, threatened legal ac- 
tion against tbe rail anions if 
they ordered their members to 
black News International pub- 

He also warned railway 
workers that they would be 
dismissed if they rdused to 
handle copies of Tbe Times, 

man said he was sure the 
company had not ruled out a 
return to rad distribution in 
the long term. There would be 
farther discussions, depending 
on bow the Wapping dispute 
was resolved, but Brffish Ran 
would do nothing yet because 
it did not wish to bother a 
customer under stress. 

Asked what he would do if 

the contract was restored but 
the unions blacked the tides. 
Sir Bob replied: “We shall do 
exactly the same as last 
summer when people refused 
to go to work. We sacked 
them. We are ma paging this 
business, not the trade 

Mr Arthur Britteujdeq, a 
director of News Internation- 
al yesterday denied that the 
company was considering 
printing its projected evening 
-newspaper. The Lmutou Past, 
in Bouverie Street or Gray's 
Inn Road, using old technol- 
ogy and some of its dismissed 
print workers. 

Mr Brittendoi said it was 
stiH hoped to produce the new 
paper . at Wapping. “But the 
launch has been put on die 
back-burner for the tme being 
whOe ire concentrate on pro- - 
during oar four existing 
titles", he said. . 

"We stfll intend to publish • 

it but we must get ora 
problems at Wapping stated 
out ficst Here is no intend** 
to allow Sogalr and NGA 
members to work at Wappmg* 
so far-as the existing titles are 
concerned* and I would pre- 
sume that would extend to the 
Post as weH.” 

• Two men. arrested dnrine* 

'- 1 ***-£. 

pfcmt Mast Thursday we* 
brand ova- to keep the pesri£ 

day. Two others, including * 
Kent miner, were hailed ac- 
cused of obstruction and nfaf - 
threatening behaviour. " • 
Parliament, page* 

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Drug death case opens 
iter parents’ fight 

tor private prosecution 

GarvinM:. _ _ ®y Alan Hamilton 

t he times WFPNESDAY FFRp t jarv ,q , 0Sfi 


Gary Austin acfid-Ja ^ By Alan Hamilton 

Smewjsssse gsL-w—— -»,« 

gsteissS Sssaasass 

h«ali«^dctSfS? n l? of DPP toterttSnESfX a painkiller norinally 

Private ^»r>SJ? rou8, ! t a Prosecution. ^ •** ® ven *° tenninaj cancer^ 
him. 3^ BrSSffi, atfspaid. rider SF* Mr S*®*-* % 

„ It was the Ant H m(h Burton Roat^SlockweiL nSlIS "** a ranj - 

centUTy that a nrivarJ^HL Dmdcm^chSwS^Si: p ^ ,nd Dratramoiaminde 

S*^ sHSKPS ,«■?»■*££ SKI’S JL.’S ” ormi)l * -fi*. 

' ^ “roro'nSfofSS. tS km «* Wiliam on dthniJ? M a P 1 '^ 

■ only other simSrrLSt- e September 2, 1982. and L?J «wough occasionally as an 

* dmi »>*ering “-^a muter the sldn. 

ma®strates decided then that D^^poraniindc, a Class A .. ^ s «cUing said that Wit 
&L,™* SypMdn* so ^y>e*S?syri^S < S 

Th' - accusc d- StfcMtatelir'KB S“ 






■ '* S£ 
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n nrn 10 * nister an intrave- cfea^a7uni^ 0n * said ” - Soon aftenvards Williams's 

ss«M •: rss: Sff5jfc.jsyrte& fewsassa: 


*~ES3E5tii* iHa ' sSS&wSfisris ajgfe.^ 

His mother, Mis Pauline to lSSJ^ILP A u ^ tin ’ s flat “^-TO^nouthSSSS 
Williams, spent more than' £u£d foTto^^ 1 ?^* 0 and heart massage 

•WaS.g^ 0 ^; *Jr-*M=5r- 

sondiedin l982ShS«^ as ^^ r a 

5ynn ge. sod produced a foided 


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'\ii dfii 

laid on the floor 

^rapped m a quilt while th* 
moane d, but he did no, 


4^r four horns he was 
Placed in the street while Mr 
Austin called an ambulance, 
gmng a felse name and tele- 
phone number. Williams was 
pronounced dead soon after 
amvaJ at hospital, 

ri™ 5J«-rooriem examina-' 

wreh«! n>d 5® 05 of acute 
Sl2S_« a £ d - P u, roonary 

“ocroa-fluid in the brain 
and 1 lun^-and traces of the 
Si? “ h “ °rgans and arm. 

appeared to he 
oetow the normal clinical 

tJf5£Sr"l" «“* *0 have. 
S J 011 ? “hnin. 
^ered the fix. I wish 1 had 
given it to myself- Asked^ 
the police if he realized the 
Partial danger, he 
hatT just done it as a &voui~. 

iA a fiuther statement, Mr 
Austin _was said to have 
“mined helping Williams to 

-J^y^ previous 
occaaons. This time be had 

P" 8 *®* 1 the 


Si ^ t ,'^ hams had not 

^ an habitual hard drug 

HOME news 

Screening I ‘Satanism’ d 

Ai POtlnnw I m 

of cancer 

By Anthony Bevins 
Politics] Correspondent 

. J[? f ? een u En gl*sh distria 
health authorities were identi- 
fied yesterday as failing to 
make any plans for screening 
women for cervical cancer 
wiuch caused 1,960 deaths in 

r3. 9, ordon Downey. 
ComptioUer and Audhir 
general said that the Depart- 
and Social 
should ensure lhai 
regional authorities rigorouslv 
raonitored the pro|ess of 

dxffljicts in "recti ^ng the 
posiuoa ", * & uk 

^ He added in a report: 
Ues P |le two reviews, the 
programme in England seems 
to have had no significant 
cftcci upon the death rale” 
there had been a fail of only 
|3per cent in deaths from 
cancer in the 10 years 

National Audit Office in- 
vestigators found that, while 
127 of every 1,000 women 


A man 

were screened inffie Eg Mr SSJ 

bought a Lores 

sporte otr the day a “highly 
IfHfe clergyman obtained 
£25,000 for him to finance an 
alleged crusade against satan- 
tsm, Maidstone Crown Court 
was told yesterday. 

Derry knight, aged 46, had 
convinced the Rector of 
Newtek, Sussex, that he need- 
ed the money to break his 
hnks with a satanic circle and 
bay its insignia to break its 

Mr Michael Corkerv AT 
g* r prosecution, s3d t£ 
Kev^hn Baker had ap! 
Mr Gordon ScO£ 
to the charitable pTp 

^ lu a letter, the rector asked: 
n 2!* se pra >' for Derry^be 
great deal of prayer 

and divine protection." 

a ,oaa 

or £25,000 J 010 th * charity on 

November 8 1984. “The date 
K .fljotorest", Mr Corken 
said, “for nn rho, j 

*rj - 
ed ;c 

00 tc 

1 fwc 
s col- 

ted 2 
. hu: 
70. A 

: Tht 

cn: is 

Helpful children are honoured 

.offer HanUhan, aged six. frnm - - _ . . 

Krisloffer Hanlihan. ased «v._ — ” 


* nfbo*‘ G ^^^^ Ueremem F^pr'ese^Z 


Si!M5S- «L*t! «isabS M t0 OTereon,e ph>,,aU 

*g>aaa ga dbab ik~ 7 3 

(Photograph: John Voos). 

. : . ^aoicuuy me tow- 
P*P° , ™ CT I° r a number of 
* 2 fc 60 were screened in 
the North Western region. 

But Sir Gordon added: “ft is 
a matter of considerable con- 
cern that as at June 1985 4] 
authorities, representing some 
20 per cent of authorities in 
England, still had no compre- 
hensive arrangements for the 
.cab and/or -recall’ of women 
in the priority group. 

The 15 districts with no 
firm plans” for comprehen- 
sive testing were: South West 
Devon Peterborough. 
Bloomsbury, City and Hack- 
ney, Hampstead, Haringey' 
Tower Hamlets. Hasiirus, 
Eastbourne, North West Su£ 
rey. Twickenham and 

Roefaampton, North East 
Hampshire, Bath, Wycombe 
and Mid Staffordshire. 

National Health Service- Pre. 

, ventive Medicine of 

Commons Piper 220 /c,? 

\JXMy. Office- Ssof ■ (S “- 

— . w arn uuupi a 

motor car for £17,000." 

Mr Knight, a record produc- 
er, of Dormans Land, Surrey, 
has denied 19 charges of 

ffiSSiSl; obtaining 
£203,850 by deception. 

rt*?LOp*W a,so alleged 
nn r Lnigi, , t ^ “conoid" 
£37300 from Lord Hampden, 
a parishioner of Mr Baker to 
boy a Rolls-Royce. ’ 
“The rector said the defen- 
dant needed the Rolft-Rojcg 
to convince his satanist rol- 
leagues that he still had 

Mr Corkery said that Mr 
Knight spent tens of thou- 
sands of pounds on jewellery. 
doping and cars. He wonkf 
Pick up prostitutes and other 
women, shower them with 
gifts, and then leave them. 

Baker, aged 49, told the 
cwnt that when he heard of 
Mr Knight s problems be im- 
mediately prayed. 

The case contmnes today. 

i OR 
n oj 










: del 







> had 

52 id 


He agreed that Williams 

J?d Produced the PaifiumpS i 

krosdf and had not ‘ 

»ven it by Mr Austin. 

The case continues today. 


"iiiimiiiwiin— inf 1 

T •! A The case continues today. 

r J “ «>r addicts who killed 

STmaffa .2:"**^. Joseph bo. 


while 0 under''ihe iStaffS iddi " Joseph 

confused memory g Jg to warm 

■“-‘muij ui a senes 

of assaults on his girlfriend's 
ihrvc-ycar-okJ daughter be- 
rausc of continued use of 
heroin and other drugs. 

Nicola Bushell died after 
being prodded with Walton’s 
linger, punched, kicked and 
earlier hit with a hairbrush. 

And after the last assault 

It rpr*. 

\ : ?rc 

k uwuy. _ . . 

. He fMJt her near a fire, which 
resulted only iif scorching her. 
5* *" a hot bath and 

?ftcrvra ids tucked her up in: 
De °", The girTs injuries would 
not have been life threatening, 
if she had been taken to 
hospital quickly. 

And Judge Richard Lowry 
the Ppntrai ■ 3 

brain and personality had 

XT by >■" ofdrue 

_Carft°n-Arm strong, aged 
35. pleading guilty to the 
manslaughter of Susan Brady. 
30, at their home in Vanbrugh 
House. Loddiges Road, Hack- 
ney, on December I, 1984. He 
was jailed for eight years. 

Dalton, or Dean Road, 
uonon, Manchester, pleaded 

isKoi i uilty 10 murderin e 

ȣ** of gui,ly 10 man - 
slaughter was accepted by the 

DriOSenitmn and h. • . 

JI inv 



V S •* f 


There is no da 
dren at a Mid 
primary school contracting 
acquired immune deficiency 
syndrome (Aids) from a pupil 
with the virus, a local commu- 
nity physician said yesterday. 

Dr Alan Davies said the risk 
of the child with the virus 
developing AIDS was negligi- 
ble. with virtually no chance 
of its being passed on to other 

The unnamed pupil, who 
attends the Trelales Primary 
School at Lalcston. near. 
Bridgend, got the virus while 
receiving treatment for 

A meeting of parents of 
pupils, to be addressed by 
Professor Al Bloom, of the 
haematology department at 
the University College of 
Medicine. Cardiff, an ac- 
knowledged international ex- 
pert. will be held next week to 
allay fears about the disease. 

£25,000 in 

will for 

two dogs 

Tn. . . 

have been left 
£25,000 by ffieir mistress. To 
BOf.tnai in the lap of homy 
WelKknowa artist, Miss 

Mg7 an artist. 
Of King Post. Rnfmnljw 

in three 

O- mnrmuni, 

Tf*® ™ her 70 b when she 

£254)0® to her trustees, “the 
“TOtoe to be used lor the 
maint ena n c e of her two pm 
dogs for a period ap to 21 years 

from her death", ^coc«&Kg to 
herwill, published yesterday. 

Close friend Mrs Peta Tay- 
lor -Jones said: “Mary loved 
her dogs. 

*5® ^ amh to other 
Mitral charities. 

flga Jacobs solicitor, Mr 
todianl Isaac, *au® *^rh e 
to®ray has been invested and 
tw : income wffl be need to hdn 
to keep the dogs. ^ 
Miss Jacob, who came from 
a wealthy family, left estate 
rated at £375339 r 
£3724X8 net in her wffl. 

"D* ding-up of the com- 

gaw, Burke’s Peerage and 
Baronetage, will have no effect 
on the publication of Burke's 
one of the main 
reference books on aristocratic 
l ineage , nor on its huge ances- 
{gjgrarch programme, Mr 
Harold Brooks-Baker, Burke’s 
publishing director, said yes- 
terday. t 

A ne * rad much bii 
e*uon of the Peerage, the first 
for 1 7 years, will be published 
w the autumn. It will be in 
Aro volumes and will cosi 

R,^VD 0UndJUp COD1 pany; 

ag^-ted been set op as a 
fbodimy hr Burke/ previ- 
ous owners before the compa- 
ny was taken over by the 
lUvCTdafe group two years 
ago. U bad never served any 
PJjjJPose, Mr Brooks-Baker 

Postmaster entitled to an earldom 

By Ronald Faux cj_ ru.-L . % 

c. . J5lr trap* Aenevr. of iiu nnt ... 

Four work 

prewmfd to the «f ‘ie 
ord Ljwi King of Arm, m u 

|riiobuau tu uu unui IM me 

Lord Lyon King of Arms in aa #he 
Edinborgb bu establishedMr yea^iyf-CommSr A? 
Kmnetli Mm), a retD ^ gratos Muitay left the British 
postmaster from Gravelly Naryin 1849andjoinedffie 

British Diplomatic Mission to 

tlifl Tkiplr*»k 

postmaster from Gravelly 
\ Beach. Tasmania, as the elev- 
' enth Earl of Dtmmore, V'is- 
•* count FI ocas tie and Lord 
Murray of Blair, Moolin and 
' Tillemett. 

The ruling that will allow 
(he former Mr Mnrray to sit in 
■ the House of Lords meant 
■■ discounting nine other family ’ 
lines with a prior dain. The 
; problem was Mr Murray’s 
j great great uncle. Commander 
Augustus Charles Murray; a 
man with a wandering nature 
and wayward eye. ' 

A'linvuMUA, JT 

the Turkish Empire. 

**We know that in 1855 he 
was in New York and Wiscon- 
sin, but h was in 1851 that be 
intoried an American heiress, 
Abhie Lee, and possiblv lived 
with her until I860* when 
records show he was back m 
Lradon (atberhig fllegftmaie 
children. - 

“In this case they do not 
count bnt we have to prove 

that his ntarrataa'in ilkL. r _ . 

cuuni, om ire Have to Unw» J.J — 

Iba, Ids marrnga to Abbfc^ . 

produce any legitimate. 

was traced to Paris, 
i be card index of American 
deaths u France showed that 
•he fed blast aged 91, and 
left ao descendants. 

It was that record that 
allowed Mr Mnrrav, a wklow- 
er. the title, His-son Makoto; 
yed 39, wifi be entitled to call 
himself Viscount Fincastfe 
and h» second son Geoffrey, 
aged 36, may call himself “the 

The new earl said he 
puaqCQ to visit London soon. 

• He doobted that he would ever 
settle in Britain: even a title 
dii not compensate for the 

eh illimAl. 

Base Rates are a bit like 
the weather, ie notoriously 
difficult to predict. 

Indeed in the last 10 years 
they have fluctuated over 
70 times at the last count. 

So if you're taking out 
a long term business loan, 
you don’t always want to be 
locked into a fixed rate of 

The key to your problem 
is the Lloyds Bank Business 

To start with, it offers 
you a choice of fixed or 
variable interest rates. 

And every 5 years, you 
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Base Rate linked loan to a 
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The loan can cover any 
amount from £2,000 to 
£500,000. . 

And any period of rime, 
up to 20 years if need be. You 
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being somewhat reduced. 

So all in all, our Busi- 
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flexible loan afforded to our 
business customers. 

Yju 11 find we don’t just 
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In fact we have prepared 
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You can pick one up 
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by completing the coupon. 

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A_ J • i f Petition. 

And its even possible j 
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Pie** send roe a Business Facts File. 


1 Am.'am not a business customer of Lloitls 

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Because after 31 March L ^SjBanlt 

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atho roughered AMON GST ^ N,„c~ 

[jhle Ihvn I I... J. B. .1 _ _ 1 

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written deoils are a. a.Iahlc | hMn n,, TT^ 

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s nfymaybcreqmred L«ns Jrc „ the Banks d.^t.on. 

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... . ,■ •<■•=- • • v -• '■ tHF. TTMES WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 19 1986 - ■ -. - ■— ~ 


Cross Channel row 

Drug dealers 

9 V .9 .9 9 

las ; 



am 2. 

coi 0 











w it i 

dir i 


tha , 

1 D 

An. re 
na 3t 

Labour furious at 
press briefing 


In spite of strong Opposition 
representations. Mr John 
Biffin, Leader of the Commons, 
rejected rails for an immediate 
statement on further develop- 
ments in die negotiations over 
the proposed sale of British 
Ley land subsidiaries. Labour 
MPs demanded a statement 
after complaining that Mr Paul 
Cbannon, Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry, had held a 
briefing for parliamentary lobby 

Mr Peter Shore, shadow lead- 
er of the House, following up 
earlier points of order, said the 
Opposition now understood 
from this briefing that .there 
were three more bidders in 
addition to those named on 
Monday for the Land Rover 
division. There was also the 
likelihood of a reference of the 
General Motors bid to the 
Monopolies Commission and it 
was understood that a bid 
deadline had been set for mid- 

This would give most compa- 
nies only a few weeks to prepare, 
while General Motors had bad 
nine months of proper negotia- 
tions. This was a matter for a 
statement to the House that 

Mr Anthony Beaumont-Dark 
(Birmingham. SeUy Ode, Qsaid 
many MPs were determined to 
see a British solution. He urged 
the Opposition not to play "this 
mischievous and dangerous 
game" because if the message 
went out from the House that 
they were continually trying to 
drag tbe issue before MPs it 
would be dangerous. There were 
enough watchdogs in the House 
for British interests. 

Mr Terence Davis (Bir- 
mingham, Hodge Hill, Lab) said 
it had transpired that Mr 
Chan non had found time to 

come to Westminster to brief 
lobby journalists bus was now 
saying there were no significant 
developments on which to make 
a statement 

Mr Andrew FaaUs (Wariey 
East, Lab) said the matter was 
cruciaL It was essential that tbe 
issue should be chased with the 
figure responsible on tbe feeble 
Government front bench - Mr 
Chan non. 

Mr David Seed. Leader of the 
Liberal Party, said a statement 
then might be rushed and c r eate 
an atmosphere of uncertainty. IT 
there was not a statement later 
that night it would be best to 
have one on Wednesday or 
Thursday after the Cabinet bad 
taken a view on what tbe 
Government's industrial policy 
was towards the car and track 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard. 
WeatheriU) said be was not 
responsible for any of these 
matters. He could not force tbe 


nothing extraordinary about a 
minister seeing lobby journal- 
&$, Those lobby journalists 
knew no mm than MPs. There 
was no question of policy 
commitment being carried tor- 
ward. It was a question of 
accepting the good faith of Mr 
rhannnn. While controversy 

could cany on, he did not accept 
the undermining of Mr 
Channon's good faith. 

The issue would arise on the 
adjournment bat there was no 
case for an immediate state- 

Mr Store said tbe House was 
still dissatisfied. The adjourn- 
ment debate would be taken by a 
junior minister. He sought a 
statement on Wednesday. 

Mr Biffin said the matter was 
mutr constant examination. If 
the matter was to be conducted 
on the basis of dressing up a 
press lobby, then “we know 
what are tbe motives behind it” 

His final comments were 
drowned by loud Labour pro- 

Mr Terence Davis (Bir- 
mingham, Hodge Hill, Lab) had 
ember said MPs resented the 
fact that further developments 
in the BL saga were being 
divulged by means of the 
continuing practice of leaks and 

seeking a 


Land Rover and Freight Rover 
should have as big a market and 
as big a distribution network as 
possible. Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher, the Prime Minister 
said in the Commons when 
further questions were put to her 
about the proposed sale of 

subsidiaries or British Ley land. 

Mr Bryan Gould (Dagenham, 
Lab) called on the Prime Min- 
ister to confirm whai she ap- 
peared to say on television on 
Monday night - that a firm like 







agai nst the trafficker had not 
been taken. There had been a 
lack of huazmafion here. The 

g j ffl a uaa 

» i . « H .fiVj 

Biffin: No case for 
immediate statement 
Government to make a state- 
ment. There was an adjourn- 
ment debate on tbe subject later 
and it was likely the minister 

would wish to hear. 

Mr Biffen said there was 

in the House. 

How could MPs get a minister 
to make a statement at the 
earliest possible opportunity? 

Tire Deputy Speaker (Sir Paul 
Dean) said it was not a matter 
for the Chair. 

Mr Joe Ashton (Bassetlaw, 
Lab) said no cme wanted to 
believe that the Prime Minister 
hpH b ee n misleading the House 
just two hours earlier in what 
she said about British Ley land. 
To protect her reputation, a 
minister should be asked to 
make a statement. 

Defeat on propaganda 


An all-party amendment 
restricting tbe effect of the Local 
.Government Bill in prohibiting 
local - authorities publishing 
party political propaganda, was 
harried by 147 votes to 158, 
majority against the Govern- 
ment nine, during the commit- 
tee stage in the House of Lords. 
I Lady David (Lab) moved tbe 
amendment removing the need 
for the test of reasonableness to 
be applied to tbe effect of the 
contentious materiaL 
; The local authority associ- 
ations, she said, were all against 
•the clause as it stood, believing 
It would make the day-to-day 
administration oflocal authon- 
•ties unworkable. 

If the clause remained as h 
was it would restrict the 
information the public received 
[about council policy and plans 
land would also mitigate against 
■the work of the voluntary 

Lord Broxbonme <Q said tbe 
courts would have no difficulty 
in applying the test of 
reasonableness as it was done 
daily in the case of damage and 
negligence claims. The very 
words complained of he said, 
had been included in tbe 
Companies Act 1967 by tbe then 
Labour government and had 
worked without trouble for al- 
most two decades. 

Lord Denning, former Master 
of tbe Rolls, said he hoped the 
amendment would be refected 
because the tests required m the 
Bill were already applied by 
judges. Tbe judge bad to go by 
the effect of a libel on the 
ordinary people, not the inten- 
tion of tiie writer. Therefore the 
legal principle had already been 

Lord Kilmarn o c k (SDP) said 
there would be difficulty in 
distinguishing between material 
that might be the subject of 
political controversy or reflect 
the view of the majority party, 
but issued in tbe interests of the. 
local authority. 

Lord Boyd- Ou p ester (C) said 
the practical effect of the 
amendment had to be consid- 

The reality of the situation 
was that there would be a 
number of people using very 
considerable ingenuity to drive 

a hammer awf aritle through 

the Bill 

Lord Omeron of Lochbroom, 
Lord Advocate, said there was 
an abuse of power by a number 
oflocal authorities which had to 
be curbed It could not be right 
to take money from rate and 
taxpayers and use it against 
parties which those rate and 
tax pa ye r s might support 

The amendment, he said, 
would seriously undermine that 
part of the Bill. The Govern- 
ment believed acceptance of tbe 
amendment would remove any 
effective constraint on tbe use of 
pubbe funds to finance at public 
expense, less immediately ob- 
vious, but still insidious, party 
publicity which was becoming 
increasingly familiar in local 

between being British and being 

Is it not despair about the 
future or British industry (he 
asked) which makes her so keen 
to act as broker for American 
interests in the proposed sale of 
Land Rover? 

Mrs Thatcher said there 
should be very good jobs in 
companies here which had a 
great future and they should 
consider all the bids for BL 
which had been made. 

Mr Anthony Lloyd (Stretford. 
Lab) which major industrial 
power would consider selling off 
its last significant domestic car 
producer to a foreign power? 
Does she consider that h is part 
of popular capitalism that she 
should act as a broker for tbe 
United States? 

Mrs Thatcher: British Ley- 
land - Austin Rover is a mass car 
producer which has only 4 per 
cent of the European market 
compared with other mass car 
producers such as Renault. 
Volkswagen. Fiat, Ford and 
General Motors which have 
between 10 per cent and 12 per 
cent of the market, it therefore 
has difficulty in competing. 

That is the measure of the task 
and 2 hope we will succeed in 
getting more of the markeL If 
there is a British bid for Austin 
Rover we should look at it very 
carefitlly. ' 

Mr Antony Marlow (North- 
ampton North. C): will she 
hazard a guess as to why it is that 
Labour MPs and the odd 
Conservative MP seem to think 
there is something wrong with 
outward investment from this 
country because they say it 
destroys jobs in this country yet 
they also complain about in- 
ward investment from General 
Motors. Sikorsky or any other 
such company?. 

Mrs Thatcher: Yes. I note his 
cogent point that when we have 
inward investment in this coun- 
try. as we did for example with 
Nissan, half the Labour MPs 
wanted it to go to their 
consmencies. They forget all 
that now. 

Earlier Mr Michael 
Mead o w a ro f t (Leeds West L): 
said that what was happening in 
the British computer industry. 
Westland, and British Ley land 
were not isolated examples of 
the determined effort by the 
United States to determine what 
happened in British industry. 
The Government did not have 
the ability to counter this. 



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. UcnMKWlUL 

I I 

of articles which, taken together, 
be knew or believed were likdy 
to be used for the purpose of 
inhaling a controlled drug- 

Belief on tbe part of the seDo* 
that the articles would be used 
for inhaling a drug for medical 
purposes would be a defence to 
such a charge. 

He said tbe G ov e rn ment 
would am su e rifi* «we ur- 
gently. It was possible such a 
provision might be regarded as 
relevant to this Bill and be 
would raise Ibis with authorities 
in the House of Lords. If it did 
not prove practical to m a ke 
provision in this 821, the Gov- 
ernment would consider alter- 
native methods because the 
House as a whole shared the 
Government's concern that 
early action should betaken on 
tbe sale of these kits. 

The sale of cocaine kits in 
[ flnrfnn had given much offence 
to people. Indicating that the 
incitement provision in the 
Misuse of Drags Act or con- 
sumer legislation would not be 
effective m tins case, Mr MeQnr 
said the only effective action to 
the problem would be the 
creation of a new specific of- 

One difficulty was that the 
component peris of a cocaine kit 
were everyday items sold for 
Wtfiwiam use, such as 
mirrors and razors. Tbe Gov- 
ernment warned to see that any 
form of new offence would not 
make it more difficult for heroin 
addicts to obtain syringes -and 
needles, because of the in- 

i -r a mo « 

titis brought about by re-use of 
such items and encourage ad- 
dicts to go to shooting galleries 
where needles were used by a 
number of addicts facilitating 
tbe spread of these infections. 

The Government woold waul 
to reflect and consult further 
with interested parties in the 
Commons before reaching a 
final view on die best form of 
any new provision.. 

Mr Robin Corbett, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman, said the La- 
bour party would be looking to 
the Government to take urgent 
and effective action over tbe 
apparently new menace of co- 
caine s niffing lots. Parents and 
; others were horrified over this 

Although the Bin was an 
important weapon in tackling 
drug trafficking it needed back- 
ing by the international commu- 
nity. He believed drug 
trafficking should be treated tbe 
same as acts of terrorism or 
piracy. Parliament would have 
no patience in the use of tbe 
'powers under this 801 were in 
anyway blasted because of lack 
of trainii^ of police officers. 

His one disappointment in 
this Bill was that the novel step 
of turning the seized assets back 

MP launches 
Bill on County 
Hall’s future 

Mr gnw Hughes (Southwark 
& Bermondsey, L) was given 
leave in the Commons to bring 
in a Bill winch would prevent 
the sale of County HaS, the 
headquarters of tbe Greater 
London Council, before the end 
of 1988. ' 

This would give plenty of 
time for a reasoned consid- 
eration on how best to use the 
b unding with the agreement of 
everyone concerned, partico- 
1 lariy Londoners, he said. At tbe 
moment it could be sold on 
April 1 when the GLC was , 
abolished. - 

Work on the Grade D listed 
budding was started on what 
was marshland cm the South 
Bank in 1912 and it had been the 
administrative headquarters for 
London since it was opened by 
King George Y in 1921 He 
suggested it could be used for 
the time being as office for 
London MPs. 

crime had seemingly become 
such a novel concept- To re- 
move the enjoyment of the 
proceeds of crime when a person 
was sentenced must be another 
deterrent. The law-abiding ari- 
zen would ihmk it right that an 
effort was made to st oplh e 
criminal enjoying the benefits of 
this most horrifying of aD 
crimes, drug trafficking, which 

O naked: wJU she cute nts 
opportunity to co ndemn the 
violence and wfonSdatios « the 
picket lines at Wnpping. 
particularly against the pofice, 
and try to persuade fee leaders 

ef Scant 82 and NGA to take a 
leaf out of Mr KhmorVs hook 
and root eta some of the 
extremists in their own 

litre Thatcher: Yes. YVe to- 
tally the v i ol ence 

which has been occarriag and 
which we saw ou the teteris h w 

screens ou Saturday night on the 
demonstrations outside 

We understand that - the 
majority were not thought to be 
printers. -It is. nevertheless, 
di sg race f u l that they shoald 
attack Che police in ties way and 


Meflor.Ashortcat — 
for the courts 

was a crime of multiple murder. 

He hoped the Government 
would not rest on its laurels. 
This measure, although ex- 
tremely important, was also 
very much overdue. It would 
not solve all tbe drug pro blem s 
in Britain. More effort must be 
devoted to stopping tbe produc- 
tion of drugs mid to ed u ca ti n g 
-the young about the appalling 

Mr Alexander Carlile 
(Montgomery, L) said there 
were MPs in all parties who had 
had to examine- their con- 
sciences and make careful judge- 
ments as to whether they were 
prepared to countenance 
breaches of what they would 
sometimes regard as almost 
sanctified civil liberties prin- 
ciples in order to meet the needs 
of the public interest. He agreed 
with tbe minister when he spake 
of tbe need for international 
cooperation. Much winch was 
aimed at in this Bill would fafl 
unless true international co- 
operation could be achieved to 
p re v e n t the cultivation of dan- 
gerous drugs wherever in tbe 

A stage had been rcached- 
whereby die drugs with which 
they were principally concerned, 
heroine and cocaine, were not 
only available in cities like 
London, Manchester and Liver- 
pool but, be heard from pofice 
officers, even in remote rural 
areas. There were many outside 
the House and many in the 
Lords, not shackled by electoral 
constraints, who still had some 
reservations about parts of tins 


Sympathy for 
ToryMP i 

Freedom of speech in mover- j 
sties was vital. Mm Thaa cfc rr , -1 
the Prime Minister, said in the 
Commons, -when ; she 
sympathised with C ons erv a tive 
back-bencher Mr Jelm Cufidc 
who had two fingers in plaster 
following an incident at Brad*- 
fard University. . 

Mis Thatcher said she hoped 
the C o mm i tt ee of Vice Cban- 
ceDore and Principals would 
-make s trenuous efforts to sec 
that tbe right office speecbwas 
upheld and MPs could speak 
fircly in umveoities. . . , 

Mr Offfisle (Luton Norttu-Q 
asked: Since M 


y freedom 

of speech and the nght to reply, 
that same right should now be 
: allowed to MPs m universities 
and pboes of tether education: 

Mrs Thafcfaen Tbe whole 
House will symjfaaffiize with 
him on the very nasty modem 
which he experienced and 1 
believe and hope the whole 
House snO agree that upholding 
freedom ofqpeechin our institu- 
tions of higher e du cat i on is 
vitaL We would like to express 
oor views to that effect. 

Freedom of speech involves 
saying things which ore not 
accejHabi&to everyone. 

Apology sought for 
child brothel claim 

A Labour MP demanded in the 
Commons that Mr Geoffrey 
Dickens (Littieburough and 
Saddleworth, C) should go to the 
Holbrooke Estate in North 
bfington, unreseverdly with- 
draw fas attentions of the 
existence of child brothels in the 
area and make a public apology. 

Mr Dickens said be had been 
criticized on Monday by Mr 
Jeremy Corbya (Islington 
North, Lab) for a breach of the 
Commons co nv e n tion that 
members should not visit an- 
other constituency without 
notifying the MP. He had been a 
great upholder of tbe conven- 
tions and traditions ever since 
entering Parliament. 

Where foe safety of dukhen is 
involved (he added) there may 
be times when one cannot 
always pres erv e foe niceties of 
tbe workings of the House of 

Mr Cotibyn said Mr Dickens 
misled than. He has been 

critkaaed tor ir re sp onsibly pass- 
mg unfounded alkgafiosrs to tbe 
media which had caused a great 
deal of hardship and hurt to the 
people of the area. It was the 
irresponsible behaviour of Mr 
Dickens which had unset local 
residents and he shook! ^ risk the 

estate and atnkxtise. 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard 
Weatheriu) said their was a 
motion on foe order 

paper about this and that was 
the right way to deal with ft. 

Mr Keaneth Eas&aat (Man- 
chester, Blackley, Lab) raid it 
was not the first time this had 
happened. There was a similar 
instance in his coostitnency 
when a clergyman com plained 
on behalf of all his parismoneis 
about the conduct of Mr Dick- 

Mr Dickens said he would 
tike to place on reoonf that 
arrests and prosecutions had 
resulted from information he 
had provided in the past. 

The British Government hn~ 
not ruled om any paritatef * 

course of anion over the failure - 

» far of a rawest by British 
Ferries Scatmk for access to th**; 
Bcfetixn pon oTZcchrugge. Mr- 
Nictate. Rffiej. Secretary .Of* 
Stale for Transport, said in reply ... 
to a private notice quetixfo in * 
the Co sm ao to - - V - 
British Ferric* have benr-ia 
H«uch ■ with the - Tra nsp ort,- 
Deportment about ibew wnii to , 
serve Zccbroggc. The matter 
tod bean discwacd with Bdgmra, 
Minister of CotnanisricatiolB, 
British . officials had been . in - 
frcqurM and arge n t contact 
with their eoutoerpam. It was* ■: 
impossible k> understand why 
ibc BrigjarK had not. responded - 
Mr Rebot Bonk**. jraOppo- . 
sit too spokesman en transport. 

said British -Ferries were tanned 
from Osictui The tack of faith' 1 ; 
appeared to be oo ibeport ofihe-- 
Bcfeian.pon authorities, mSer 
than ScaJmk- - * ' - : 

- We are dealing tire raidy with- ■ 
the restraint of trade by : fife ; 
Belgians. Could this BOtbc dcatL 

with .'bj' Section 14 and T5 
reciprocal action to baa Befgtar 
femes from cointT& to this * 
country? Mr Ridley could do * 
that nt> mocha icly. and witfrotto* 
pCTisuncauuy approval for £%- 
days, by which rime the matter • - - 
could be resolved 
The jobs of 2S0 seafarers were£' 
at risk because of this dispute. 

Mr RSdky- saM - lfca& when"' 
European- Ferries and .-another * 
company called RNTtod ctifric“* 
together, that resulted in :ihe„ 
exchufem of Brinsb F e rri es' from 1 ** 
Osicsd- He- bad tried fo betp 
British F erries gain access to-. 

I am convinced fife said} if is 
not the Belgian Gover nm ent - 

frustrating that, 

European Ferries were en-. - 
titled to market their service :in : 

. whatever wsjr they wished But -, 
it was offensive to deny British ■ 
ferries a chance to oper a te. He ’ 
r ema i ned ready to use Section 
14 if n gcc ssa ry. However.' he’ - 
understood foal British- fanes- 
might be modifying their pro- 
posed operations. -. initio 
Zccbruggr. That waswhyit was ' 
difficult to take a decision ostiT,. 
foe position bad bear clarified, 

Mr Fetor , frees (Dover. O 
asked whether the exebraoti or? 
the Briiish fcny company from- 
a Belgian port was a breach of* 
E uro pe a n Commiirmy rules. " 

Mr Rkttey thought it was,, 
idqeci to operational diffi*. 
culttcs. The British Government- , 
had done : its best to fadp the 
Bdgkros resolve them. IfBritisft. 
fanes qhanged ihcirplans. tha^ 
could make more difficulty. 

I am -dctertniiicdfhc stad) to • 
see Belgian ports are open to us.? 

If ours are open to them. 

Mr BnH Aftou (Liverpool.^ 
Mossfcy Hitt. L) asked if Mr, 
Ridley wwild . be • raakh^ 
re pres e ntations to the European ’* 
omnnssioa on the subject 
Mr Ridley said it seemed to 
be a bitatcriaf matter. - * 

Sir JffiauISdsdalet Harwich. ' 

O aslccd how long there had „ 
been contact with the Belgian-* 
Government over this.. MPs, j 
expected strong action. 

Mr Ridley said contact had* 
been going on since before 
Christmas and would continue.- 
Mr Kenneth Faflfaus (Man- 
chester Blackley. Lab) said there 
should be far sterner action 
from foe Gpvernmcm. There g 
had been more than one fetter to 
the Belgian authorities and each 
iscemcd to be ignored. • 

Mr fridlesr . said the «■**' 
prcsskmsof impatience by MPs.: 
would strengthen his hand in- 

achicviqg a scitlcmcnL - 

jobs claim 

i», i m 



Control of animal tests 

The Animals (Scientific Proce- 
dures) BilL which repeals the 
Craclty to Animals Act. 1876 
and makes new provision for 
the protection of animals used 
for experimental or other scien- 
tific purposes was given a 
second reading early today by 
>25 votes to 28. - Government 
majority. 97. 

Moving the second reading. 
Mr Douglas Had. Home Sec- 
retary. said the Bill balanced the 
dear duty to allow scientific 
rcscarach using animals to con- 
tinue and the equally important 
duty to prevent unnecessary 
suffering and the unnecessary 
use of animals in scientific 

There -were a great number of 
diseases and conditions' for 
which a solution, or improved 
treatment was still urgently 
needed such as heart disease, 
cancer and AIDS. Safety testing 
was also vital. Where beneficial 
drugs and vaccines had been 
developed they must be tested 
to ensure their safety. 

Most cosmetic substances 
were tested without the use of 
animals. But sometimes such - 
tests were still needed. The 
Government would soon be 
issuing guidelines on the use of 
the Driuae test of eye irritancy 
designed to maximise the use Of 
less severe procedures in eye 
testing: and the LDS0 test had 
been increasingly replaced by 
limit tests. The Government 
would continue to encourage 
these developments. 

Detailed conditions limiting 
the severity of procedures would 
be applied to each project. 

The Bill also made new 
provision for arrangements for 
the care of laboratory animals, 
and for the first time controlled 
the breeding and .’supply of 
animals used in scientific or 
experimental procedures, 

Mr Robin Corbett, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman on home a£ . 
fairs, said the BUI was 
inadcqutc. The machinery it 
planned to put in place, while 
being an improvement on the 
, L876 Cruelty to Animals ML 
' needed to be strengthened. 

His heart told him there 
should be a quick end to all 
experiments with live animals 
but his head told him that, was 
probably some way oft Many 
diseases were curable because of 
animal experiments and treat- 
ment was still needed for cancer, 
heart disease, asthma. AIDS and 
other diseases. Research on 
animals had also advanced vet- 
erinary practice. 

The powers of the Animal 
Procedures Committee should 
be increased. The committee 
should be able to initiate action, 
without the need for tbe ap- - 
proval of tbe Home Secretary if 
it -was going to have a property 
independent role, 
i Mrs Sally Oppeabeim 
(Gloucester. Q said she whole- 
heartedly welcomed the Bill 
which re p re s ented a fair and 
reasonable attempt to balance 
the public concern about the 

welfare of animals with the need 
-to continue achieving medical 
advance. This measure was long 

- Mr Midori Hancock (Ports- 
mouth South. SDP) said the BiU 
did not. go oeady as far as it 
should and must H created 
more red tape and encouraged 
the fear ' that licences and 
projects put to tbe department 
would be given an automatic 
robber stamp-. . . 

A Bill that was almost empty 
without any prohibitions in it 
and did not say “You cannot do 
this to an animal” must be open 
to all sorts - of abuses and 

unwelcom e pra ctices.' . ’ -- 

Mr’ Harry - " Cohen (Leyton. 
Lab) said many MPs had -set 
great store by the new. system of 
dual licensing; but how could 
anything with such a small 
inspectorate to implement it be 
more than a rubber stamp? How 
could anything where there- was 
an Animal Procedures Commit- 
tee of non-independent com- 
position be mate than a rubber 

.Sr Bernard Braiae (Castle 
Foini C) said there were mas- 
sive gaps in the BilL Tbe truth 
-was that it was too little and too 
late and ah acute, disappoint- 
ment. It would do very little to 
reassure the vast numbers of 
people wbq ' viewed animal 
experimentation,, especially 
when it was for -non-medical 
purposes, with disasle if not 
with disgust 

* r - ■ * V v>T. 1 1 *Y»J7 » 4 * , » ■# i 

‘f ff i.- 7 1 m.i| 




Pfriiiament today- 

Cohms CUOfc Debates oo . 
Opposition motions * 

defence initiative and ou trc^ 
meat of private tenants. . ’ 

iords (2J0): Dehatejuip^*- 
ponucsituatton. ■ •; 



g v ■&. 



Fees decis ion fought on two points 


s arguments win 
judge’s leave for 
Bar Council’s action 


-_P? e Bar won leave yesicr- 

il ;r against the 

{-ora Chancellor, Lord 
Hailsham of St Maiylebone. 

it was an ex-pane appKca- 
HJ? by Robert Alexander, 
yC. chairman of the Bar 
Council, for leave to seek a 
review of the Lord 
Chancellor s decision to make 
regulations under section 39 
(1) of the Legal Aid Act.I974, 
as amended, to increase with 
effect from ] April. 1 986 by no 
nwe than 5 percent the level 
Of fees payable to barristers 
under the Legal Aid in Crimi- 
nal Proceedings (Costs) Regu- 
lations 1 982; as amended. 

The case was put by Mr 
Thomas Morrison, QC, for 
the Bar, before Lord Justice 
Watkins and Mr Justice Mao- 
pherson in the Queen's Bench 
Division Bench. 

Mr Morrison said: “We 
consider it appropriate in the 
circumstances of this re<a» that 
leave should be sought in open 
court because, were the appli- 
cation to be successful we 
would seek an indication from 
the Court that the substantive 
bearing should take place 

“The test for grant of leave 
is whether there is an arguable 
case for leave. The leave 
procedure is designed to weed 
out trivial or frivolous appli- 
cations. In those circum- 
stances 1 shall endeavour to be 
quite brief and not seek to 
confuse the matter any more 
than necessary. 

“The nub of this application 
is a letter from the Lord 
Chancellor delivered to the 
applicant on Februry 7. The 
applicant brings these pro- 
ceedings not in a representa- 
tive capacity, but by virtue of 
his position as Chairman of. 
the Bar and thus a representa- 
tive of the Bar Council. 

“The way in which we 
attack the decision of the Lord 
Chancellor as being unlawful 
rests on two propositions. 

“Firstly, that the Bar had a 
legitimate expectation of be- 
ing consulted and negotiated 
with before he reached his 

“Secondly, that the decision 
was made without sncb con- 
sultation or negotiation. 

the express statement made 
before the Cooper and 
Lybrand report was commis- 
sioned, and after it was pub- 
lished, to support our. 
proposition that there was a 
legitimate expectation ofcon- 
' suiiation and negotiation.” 

Referring to Mr Alexander’s 
affidavit, Mr Morrison said it 
showed- the present fees for 
barristers on legal aid work fell 
far short of achieving the 
principle of fair remuneration 
for work done. 

“We submit that the evi- 
dence shows it was a common 
understanding between the 
Bar and the Lord Chancellor’s 
Department that os receipt of 
the report discussions and 
negotiations would take place 
with a view to their comple- . 
lion at . the end of January 
1986 so that the regulations 
could be made to take effect 
from 1 April 1986, so that 
they could be laid before 
Parliament after that negotia- 
tion process had been com- 

in Department 

“Our legitimate expectation 
was therefore denied with no 
consultation or negotiation. 

“No meeting took place and 
despite many attempts being 
made no meeting took place, 
as Your Lordship knows. 

“The only other contact that 
occurred before the end of 
January, apart from the corre- 
spondence, was a lunch be- 
tween someone from the Lord 
Chancellor’s Department and 
a partner of Cooper and 
Lybrand on January 29. 

“At that lunch was detected 
a sense of personal embarrass- 
ment on behalf of the Lord 
Chancellor's Department at 
the way it had gone. 

“The very next thing that 
happened was that Mr Alexan- 
der was notified by the Lord 
Chancellor's private secretary 
asking him to attend on 
February 7. 

“On February 7. the date 
before EGM of the Bar, he saw 
the Lord Chancellor and was 

handed the decision letter, 
i The. letter not merely disap- 
“The legitimate expectation pointed, but doubly 
arises in two ways. Firstly, tire f disturbed” Mr Morrison said, 
general principle of fcirness, ’ Justice ‘Watidns asked: 

which requires those who-are “Are you takmgjhe point that 

affected by exercises of statu- 
tory powers, in. the context of 
this particular case, should be 
properly consulted and negoti- 
ated with before that power is 

“Secondly, by virtue of past 
practice the Bar had a legiti- 
mate expectation of bong 
consulted and negotiated with 
by the Lord Chancellor's De- 
partment before the Lord 
Chancellor exercised his pow- 

Many barristers 
affected by ruling 

“Mr Alexander’s affidavit 
indicates approximately two 
or three thousand barristers, it 
is not possible to give precise 
figures, who practise exclu- 
sively or to a substantial 
extent at the criminal Bari 

“For the majority a great- 
part of the work is defence 
work and is remunerated by 
legal aid. 

“The power to make regula- 
tions must therefore be seen la 
affect the livelihood of a large 
number of practising barris- 

“In making the regulations 
the Lord Chancellor is under a. - expect to continue, and repre- 

what the Lord Chancellor has 
done in practical terms is to 
say that in ' the public sector 
around S per cent is permissi- 
ble, and having done that he 
made no study in order to see 
whether or what rise was 
necessary to see what was lair 
remuneration 7“ 

Mr Morrison said that was 
partly how they put it “We 
say that a decision was 
reached and was taken with- 
out any consultation or nego- 
tiation with the Bar despite 
their expectation that such 
would take place”. 

. He said if he had to mention, 
law authorities he would refer 
to the House of Lords cases: 

(1) The Attorney-General of | 
Hong Kong v Shin, 1983 
.Appeal Cases, p629. 

(2) GCHQ case- involving 
the Council for Civil Service 
Unions, 1985 Appeal Coses, 

(3) The Income Tax. Com- 
missi oners case, 1985 Appeal 
Cases, p835. 

..“Applying those principles 
we say there was a legitimate 
expectation, before the regula- 
tions were introduced, based 
.on the existence of practices 
which they could reasonably 

duty to have regard to ihe 
principles for allowing fair 
remuneration for work' actual- 
ly and reasonably done. 

“The Bar Council repre- 
sents, protects and promotes 
the interest of aD sections of 
the Bar, including those who 
practise in criminal courts, 
and it is this body with whom 
the Lord Chancellor’s depart- 
ment would negotiate. 

“It was essential in the 
interests of fairness that the 
Lord Chancellor should give 
proper consideration about 
the levels of fees, as the 1974 
Act did not allow for a free 

“In the special circum- 
stances of ibis case what the 
Lord Chancellor has the pow- 
er lo do will affect a large, 
proportion ofbarristers. There 
is implicit in it that he shall 
negotiate with the only body 
available, namely the Bar 

“Their legitimate expecta- 
tion stems largely from past 
practices and assurances 
w hich from time to time have 

been given. ' 

“We rely on three acts and . 
matters,” Mr Morrison said. 

“firstly, the response by the' 
Government to the Benson 
Report. Yon will see from the 
papers that theBarhad recom- 
mended a fees advisory body, 
and the one reason it had was 
because the then existin g pro - 
cedures were unfair and creat- 
ed a strong sense of grievance. 

“Secondly, the feet that 
there were consultations and 
a degree of consultation both 
beforethe 1982 [Jmjttmns 
were made and before tne 
annual amending regufeuons. 

“Thirdly, the Bar rely upon 

senlations made to the Bar. 

“Our second ground that in 
making tbe decision he failed 
properly lo have regard to the 
principle of fair remuneration 
for work actually and reason- 
ably done. 

“We-say two things. Firstly 
. that he rejected the Cooper 
and Lybrand study on the 
basis that he remained to be 
convinced by it His letter is 
full of tbe fact that be re- 
mained to-be convinced. 

“He remained to be con- 
vinced because he deprived 
himself of the opportunity of j 
discussion and negotiation 
and relied upon matters lead- 
ing him to be unconvinced, 
which were in our submission, 
groundless, and would have 
been shown to be so had be 
entered into consultation. 

“The reason we . say they 
were groundless arises from a 
letter ' from Cooper - and 
‘Lybrand in February where it 
deals with each of the points 
made by the Lord Chancellor 
in bis decision letter; 

“It shows that on occasion 
there has been xnisunder- 
standing of the work they have 
done and that some of the 
points made by he Lord 
Chancellor are immaterial and 
wholly insignificant. 

“We saylhai in the light ofj 
the history and the assurances 
of negotiations it was wrong in 
principle for him to approach 
the matter on- the, was that 
.the omis was on the Bar . to I 
convince, him.: - 

“The -duty -on the Lord 
Chancellor when prescribing 
fees ' is to have regard to. the 
principles- of feri - remunera- 
tion and lo Approach it on a 
considered and rational basis. 

“What the test should be is 
no doubt a matter for .debate. 
Tbe point here in our submis- 
sion is not that the Lord 
Chancellor has chosen the 
wrong test. He has not adopt- 
ed any test of fairness at aR. 

“The Bar’s case is that there 
is no rational basis for the 
present level of remuneration 
or the present level plus 5 per 
cent, which the Lord Chancel- 
lor proposes to introduce. 

. “The present level of fees is 
merely the result of accumula- 
tive and ad hoc decisions 
taken over many years. 

“The Lord Chancellor’s De- 
partment recognises this was 
the time for introdneing the 
regulations simply as holding 
regulations. They were intro- 
duced in haste, as a result of 
pressure on the Lord 
Chancellor’s Department to 
effect greater control of crimi- 
nal legal aid,” Mr Morrison 

Here Lord Justice Watkins 
intervened and said: “I think 
we have heard enough, all we 
have to be satisfied about is 
that there is an arguable case 
and what you have told us 
seems to amount to that So 
you have your leave.” 

ally on 

Manila (AR) - A powerful 
political ally of President 
Marcos was charged yester- 
day with tbe murder in am- 
bush of seven opposition 
supporters on the eve of the 
1984 National Assembly elec- 

The Ministry of Justice said 
that the charges against As- 
semblyman Arturo Padfi- 
cador and six men described as 
his bodyguards were filed in 
home province of Antique. 

Mr Pirificador is deputy 
leader of Mr Marcos's New 
Society Movement in the Na- 
tional Assembly and is also 
deputy highways minister. 

He has already denied any 
involvement in me ambush as 
well as in the murder last week 
of Mr Evelio Javier, his rival 
for Antique's Assembly seat in 
the 1984 election. 

Mr Javier, the campaign 
manager for Mrs Corazon 
Aqaino, was shot dead in San 
Jos*, tbe capital of Antique. 
Witnesses said that the gun- 
men arrived in a vehicle owned 
by Mr Pfedfieador. 

A soldier said to be finked to 
Mr Javier’s killing is among 
those charged with Mr 

• Uneasy peace: An noeasy 
peaee has descended over the 
contending presidential camps 

Students and workers protesting in Manila yesterday against US support for Mr Marcos 

as Mr Philip Habib, the IS 
envoy, shuttles round the capi- 
tal interviewing all parties 
(David Watts writes). 

Tbe vast popular support for 
Mrs Aquino and her campaign 
of boycotting firms, banks and 
products associated with Mr 
Marcos's friends satisfies her 
for the moment. 

She dearly believes that 
time is on her side and, judging 
from the confidence of the 
Aquino camp after their first 
meeting with Mr Habib, she 
thinks she has found sympa- 
thy there, too. 

But others, both on her staff 

and outside, are worried that 
she may have lost the initiative 
in tbe struggle to dislodge Mr 

The President had regained 
much of his commanding style 
when be met the press at the 
weekend, leading many to 
think that tbe sheer exercise of 
power had forced Mis Aquino 
on the defensive. 

“Peaceful means are not the 
way of getting any dictator 
out,” said a left-wing lawyer 
who backs Mrs Aquino, but is 
becoming disillusioned with 
some of her methods. 

“Whether or not we are 

going to be successful depends 
on whether we are prepared to 
back up what we say with 

As many of tbe President’s 
opponents know, Filipinos' po- 
litical anger is like a brush 
fire: it flares quickly and is just 
as soon forgotten. 

The roocero for many is that 
into this seeming vacuum will 
move tbe left and radical 
Christian groups and Social 
Democrats determined to 
avenge themselves for the 
murder of dvOkuis, of whom 
Mr Javier has become the 

Turin goes 
to war 
against the 

From Peter Nichols 

Cardinal Ballesirero. the 
Archbishop of Turin, has 
shocked ihe city by appointing 
six specially trained priests to 
deal with the growing demand 
for exorcism from people who 
believe they are possessed by 
ihe Devil. 

The feet that the Devil is 
making himself felt in Italy's 
greatest industrial city, rather 
than in some old centre of 
medieval learning or a city 
traditionally tied to ideas of 
pleasure and licence, accounts 
for the sense of shock. Turin's 
character is rather puritanical 

The cardinal says that a real 
problem exists. He describes 
as incredible the number of 
people who ascribe their trou- 
bles to the Devil or who feel 
possessed. His new appoint- 
ments are drawn from priests 
with wider experience than 
mere exorcism. 

It would be a mistake, he 
sa\s. to regard them as priests 
armed simply with holy water. 
They are expert theologians, 
anthropologists and psycholo- 

The cardinal ascribes it all 
to the falling off of religious 
faith. When faith declines 
people look for substitutes, he 


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Troops moved 
to shanty town 
as Pretoria 
admits 19 dead 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

Troops were deployed in the 
black suburb of Alexandra, on 
■the nonhem outskirts or Jo- 
hannesburg yesterday as vio- 
lence continued for the fourth 
day amid wildly conflicting 
estimates of casualties. 

In parliament Mr Adriaan 
Vlok. the deputy minister of 
law and order, 'said that 19 
people had been killed and 37 
wounded since Saturday, 
when two funerals turned to 
protest rallies. 

Mr Vlok said 16 were shot 
dead by police, two burned to 
death and a black policeman 
hacked to death by rioters. 
Police in Pretoria had previ- 
ously refused to confirm more 
than 10 deaths. 

According to Mr Vlok. 
among the wounded 27 were 
shot by police: five were hurt 
by rioters, one being shot and 
four hit by stones: and five 
policemen were burned in 
petrol bomb attacks. 

Since Saturday, he said. 130 
separate incidents of violence 
had been recorded. 

Meanwhile Dr Beyers 
Naude. general secretary of 
the South African Council of 
Churches, who visited Alexan- 
dra on Monday with a delega- 
tion of churchmen, spoke of 
“reports of approximately 80 
being killed** and several hun- 
dred injured. 

Heavily armed troops and 
police guarded every exit and 

entrance lo the grim, dustv 
shanty scillemctu. which, uti 
like most black townships, lies 
alongside well-to-do while res- 
idential suburbs. 

Armoured personnel carri- 
ers constantly patrolled the 
peri meter roads and all televi- 
sion crews and journalists 
were barred. Mr Michael 
Buerk and Mr Graham Leach. 
BBC reporters, were alleged ly 
detained by police. 

Earlier, police slopped a 
march by an estimated crowd 
of some 30.000 Alexandra 
residents to a police station in 
the neighbouring white suburb 
of Wynbcog where, according 
to local priests, they intended 
to demand the release of the 
bodies of those killed. 

Some of the injured have 
been treated in emergency 
civil defence clinics set up on 
the outskirts of the settlement. 

In the apartheid scheme of 
things. Alexandra is an anach- 
ronism - it is the only black 
suburb left near the while 
residential areas of Johannes- 
burg. its being black dates 
back to the beginning of the 
century , and it is one of the 
lew places where blacks still 
have freehold nghts. 

Similar areas, notably 
Sophiatown in south-western 
Johannesburg, were razed in 
the 1950s and their inhabit- 
ants moved to Soweto. 10 
miles south-west of the ciiv. 

Duke sees conservation success 

From Michael Hamlyn 
Chitwan, Nepal 

The Duke of Edinburgh, on 
the back of an elephant called 
Chandra! Kali — roughly 
“nimble lady" — was offered 
the chance of pulling the 
trigger of the Palmer capture 
gun loaded with a tranquilliz- 
ing dart. “No thank you" he 
said, .“you do it." 

His elephant and 26 others 
formed a circle around a 
profoundly nervous four-ton 
male rhinoceros, later chris- 
tened Philip, while (he beast 
was shot in the haimch. It took 
ten minutes for the drug, 
known as M99, to work, ac s? 
the animal finally lay on its 
side and slept 

A dozen game wardens 
scrambled over the slumbering 
beast, measured it and 
checked it, and fiutened on ita 
bleeping radio collar so that it 
could be tracked in future as 
part of a big conservation 
project in the area. 

The last time Prince Philip 
was in this park (now called 
the Royal Chitwan National 
Park, hot then, in 1961, more 
simply known as the Royal 
Game Reserve) be also de- 
clined to shoot a rhino. He had 
a painful sore on his finger. 

The Queen, on the first fnD 
day of her state visit to Nepal, 
stayed back in Kathmandu, 
the capital, and had a quiet 
day in a royal lodge belonging 
to Nepal's King Btreodra. 
“She probably spent the day 
reading Vogue”, suggested one 
British diplomat The reason 
was that she had arrived in the 
country' just in time for De- 
mocracy Day. a major festival 
in the calendar of the monar- 
chy here. The King and Queen 
of Nepal were accordingly 
busy elsewhere. 

Prince Philip, however, took 
flight in a Super Puma 

end of the .wont, more pro- 
nounced in the male, which is 
nsed locally as a medicine. 

The Duke himself saw al- 
most 400 crocodiles, raised 
from eggs by -the park wi- 
dens. As many as 222 Adairs 
have already been released 
back into the rivers. 

The park is also home » 
some 75 Royal Bengal tigers, 
but thev spent yesterday lying 
. low and did hot show them- 

But the rhinos were fee test 
of the spectacle. Three of them 
had been spotted by the park's 
chief game warden on the 
banks of an ox-bow lake, 
munching placidly among the 
reedy grass. 

“They are not very shy - 
cr e atures, but they are not 
particularly dangerous either. 
They are rather short-sighted 
herbivores", a game warden 
explained- “They like a quiet 
life. Even their skin, which 
looks so tough and armour- 
plated, is in fact quite soft." 

The Duke, who was wearing 
bis hat as President of the 
W orld Wildlife Fund for the 
occasion, was not particularly 
happy to find the press arriv- 
ing at Chitwan Park. "Good 
morning, sir", said a photogra- 
pher as he arrived. “It was", 
said the Duke. looking grim. 


Making friends; The Duke of Edinburgh in Chitwan National Park. Nepal, yesterday. 

helicopter, which is often pi- 
loted by 40-year-old 'King 
BIreodra, past the uncaring 
serenity of the snow-capped 
frieze of the Himalayas to the 
riverine elephant-grass-cov- 
ered game park. 

The Duke also saw conser- 
vation work being carried out 
hi the park on the gariaL, a 
fish-eating crocodile with a 
snipe-fiike long, narrow snout 
Eight years ago the garial 
population was down to wbat 

mar usually be expected to be 
extinction level. There were 
only S3 left in the Narayani 
River and its tributaries, in- 
cluding only five males. These 
are particularly prized by 
poachers for the bulb at the 

• DALLAS: The Prince of 
Wales arrived here yesterday 
for a four-day visit to Tens 
and its independence ceremo- 
nies (AFP reports). 

He was greeted by Governor 
Mark W bite and other state 
officials. He is due to present a 
British award for outstanding, 
achievement to the m0fion- 
aire. Mr Ross Perot, and wifi 
visit high-technology indus- 
tries. an oil refinery h Hous- 
ton. and Austin, the capital, 
for the start of the 150th 
anniversary celebrations. 

The more yo. 

the more ita 

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Coup trial 
get bail 

Bangkok (AP) — After two 
previous refusals, an appeals 
court decided to gram boil of 
2.5 million, baht (£66.000) 
each to five former generals 
charged with trying to over- 
throw the Thai Government 
last September. : 

The court' decided that ihfc 
five did not intend to (fee once 

They were arrested nine 
days after the coup attempt, in 
which five people died. Forces 
loyal to the Prime Minister. 

General Prem Tinsulanonda, 
pul down the . insurrection 
within hours- • 

- The defendants, who have lat ihc heart of Nrto 
been standing trial since Janu- 1 this had been 
ary 8 on charges of sedition, 
are Kriangsak Chomanand. 
former prime minister. Serm 
Nanakorn, Krasae Intharatna, 

Yod Thephadsadin and 
Aroon Phromthep. 

Thirty-five other people 
also face sedition charges in 
connection with the coup 
attempt, but court officials 
said they had not requested 
bail. - - 

From Rfchart Long 


Admiral of the Ffcrt $r 
John Fkrkflunac. BwtenV 
Chief of Nav al Staff, made it 
dear here ycsicrtf&vtftst fin*, 
am stood with the United 
Stales in oppostag New 
Zealand's ban Off vail* of 
nudear-ormed or. nuefear- 
pmvered warships. 

Sir John, who had talks wttit : 
the New Zealand Prime Min- 
ister. Mr David Laoge.:C*bi- 
nct ministers, defence cfeefe 
and ihc New Zealand Defence 
Council, said latcrTT ex- 
plained to the Defence Cota*, 
cil precisely where the (Jotted 
Kingdom stood tit this 
matter.'* . • 

According to sources «ttoe - 
to the talks. Sir John told 
ministers about BriBtia's Srnv 
opposition to the visit provi- 
sions of New Zealand's ami- 
nuclear tegwtoiflrt- expected 
lo be formally approved by 
Parliament later this yea ur, 

Mr Lange later de sc ribed 
ihc exchange of views as 
forthright. He addedrjf is 
perfectly dear tins. the Brush 
Government and the British 
view is that New- Zealand's 
decision » a matter tint it 
cannot accept and that it is 
their view that ithasimphea- 
liansibr security beyond New 
Zealand." . 

Sir John said w4» inter- 
view afterwards that it would 
bea sad day if the tegistatfaa 
was passed and Royal Navy 
ships would have to stop 
visiting New Zealand (br ibe 
first lime since Captain Cook 
charted the country's shores ia 

Royal Navy and American 
Navy ships would not be able 
to visit under the new fegiriao 
non as they refuse to dtsdosc 
which of their ships carry 
nuclear weapons. - 
Sir John said ibc New 
Zealand Government hod tin-, 
dertaicn to talk aboutthc 
legislation and that process 
was under way. . 

“Let me make it quite dear 
that it writ be extremely sad if 
wo are required lo break ibis 
relationship. And lei me make 
it equally cfear that it ts not the 
British Government that has 
changed its policy, ft is the 
New Zealand Government 
which has chahgtefhs?iotfcy. 

He was cooraiwljajfic 
effect the New Zca&na stand 
would have on if*®. Western 
alliance. Detcncvetiffd teen 


with - 


«■ ti 

preventing war ru 
“1 find it hard to befoeve 
that that policy has not also 
acted to the advantage of New 
Zealand. Although this coun- 
try is geographically isolated 
from the European theatre-) 
don't believe there is an arcs 
of the world where yon .can 
consider yourself. -to: Jbe m a 
corner, fenced in and guaran- 
teed peaceful existence.’' 

Euro court upholds 
UK bar on ofl sales 


From a Correspondent, Luxembourg 




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£ 2,000 + 

The- European Court of 
Justice yesterday upheld- a 
British ban on sales of oil to 
Israel, and rated that the ban 
was not illegal under the terms 
of a European Community 
Agreement with IsraeL 

The Luxembourg court’s 
judgement is crucial ton five- 
year legal battle sparked off 
when the British petroleum 
and oil traders Sun (Ml Inter- 
national refused to supply 
North Sea crude to a Swiss- 
based company, Balk Oil, with 
a secret contract for delivery to 

The British ban, which has 
never been written into United 
Kingdom law, has been m 
force since 2979. The Labour 
Government asked oil compa- 
nies to comply with a policy 
statement specifically worded 
to exclude Israel and South 
Africa without mentioning ei- 
ther country by namp . . 

When Sun learnt that the 
destination of tire shipment 
from Sallom Voe was farad, 
BP and San refused to load tire 
ofl on board Ship, because 
Bp's contract with Sun said 
the oil could be delivered to 
any country, provided this was 

“in Foe with United Kingdom 

Bulk took its dalra against 
Sun to arbitration. Bof tite 
arbitrator was unsympathetic, 
and awarded San damages d 
$12 minion instead, because 
Bulk had been hi breach of its 
contract to supply tire ofl to a 
country acceptable to theBrif- 
ish Government 

Bat when Bulk took the case 
to court in Britain, new ques- 
tions were raised. The Hfe* 
Court turned to Lsxemboog 

The European Court how- 
ever, serais to have dispelled 
any uncertainty by saying that 
toe EEC-Israel agreement 
does not: prevent Britain from 
restricting exports to IsraeL 
even if it cannot obstruct 

But Britain has been rapped 
tightly over the knuckles fir 
not informing ihe EECao- 
thorities in Brussels and its .. 
EEC partners of its new poficy 
before introducing the ten n 
1979. .That was . against EEC 
rules, the court said yesterday, 
but it did not constitute, nay 
infringement of BnlKY rights 
which had to be protectedlff 
British courts. 

jy. • . 


” 'te 









£ 500 + 


Survey warns 
of Kenya 
Aids danger 

Nairobi (AFP) — An eighth 
Aids victim has died in Kenya 
and an American study has- 
found that as many as half the 
prostitutes in Nairobi could be 
carrying the virus's -antibod- 

The.latest victim, a 32- year- 
old man. died in ' the Indian 
Ocean port of Mombasa, 

The main Aids victims -in 
. the West have been homosex- 
uals. intravenous drug users 
and haemophiliacs. ; Bui a 
study published by the A'ptr 
England Journal of Medicine 
I main mined ibai up tq half the 
prostitutes in Nairobi Carried 
Aids antibodies, meaning that 
heterosexual men could 
spread the disease. 

A Kenyan researcher. 
DrNdiya Achola. said ihai 36 
cases of Aids -had been diag- 
nosed in Kenya. 

Pope ‘plans 
third visit 
to Poland 7 

Warsaw (AFP) - The Pope 
will make his third Papal visit ; 

- to his native Poland in June 
next year, accordingto reliable - 
sources- here. He attracted 
huge, crowds on his previous 
visits as Pope in June 1979 
The sources say he will boih 
open and dose- the- Church's . 
eudtaristic congress, which 
would- mean his spending at - 
least a week there. 

between the Church'- and foe 
Polish authorities <m his itin- 
erary. It is expected to include 
Cracbyv, where' he. was arcb- 
bishop before being ekeied 
Pope in. 19784 •„ V . • • . 

•- Diplomatic sburces hcri:^ ■ 
titaithe Polish te«fcr.Gep«spl ' 
Jaruzelskt , may soon 
Rome and take the opportMti*'' 
ty to meet the Pope. . : ' - - 

t,; n 

tes - 1 « • 




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S inking of the Mikhail Lermontov 

Master questioned as 
criticism mounts of 
liner safety standards 

From Rkhard Long, Wellington 

Captain Vladislav 
Vorobyev, master of the ill- 
fated Russian liner Mikhail 
Lermontov, which sank off 
New Zealand's South Island 
on Sunday night, was ques- 
tioned for five and half hours 
at the beginning of an official 
inquiry here yesterday. 

The leader of the inquiry. 
Captain Steve Ponsford, said 
after the dosed session that, 
questioning of Captain 
Vorobyev would continue to- 
day as the inquiry required log 
books, which were not pro- 
duced at yesterday’s hearing. 

The inquiry would also 
question Captain Don 
Jamison, the New Zealand 
pilot who was on board the 

Captain Vorobyov re- 
mained out of contact at the 
Soviet Embassy, where a 
spokesman said he would not 
be commenting for legal rea- 

Captain Jamison was also 
not available, but Mr Bnine 
Dalliessi, chairman of the 
Mari borough Harbour Board, 
the pilot's employer, said the 
liner was outside the board's 
designated area of responsibil- 
ity when it struck rocks. 

Local fishermen and the 

Royal New Zealand Navy's, 
hydrographer, Commander 
Ken Robertson, challenged 
the Soviet captain's claims 
that rocks in the area were not 
shown on survey charts. 

The area was marked on 
charts as being less than 10 
-metres (30ft) deep, was shaded 
in blue and surrounded by a 
dotted line, which was a clear 
warning not to go anywhere 
near it. Commander Robert- 
son said. 

The Mikhail Lermontov 
sank after passing inside a 
beacon, close to the Cape 
Jackson headland, and strik- 
ing rocks which divers said 
yesterday had torn a 30ft gash 
along the keel, up to lOftwide 
in parts. 

Fishermen and tourist 
launch operators in the scenic 
Marlborough Sound said they 
took small craft through the 
passage, between the beacon 
and headland, but would ex- 
pect all larger vessels, includ- 
ing coastal ships, to go further 
out to sea. 

Lieutenant Peter Batcheier, 
commander of the Royal New 
Zealand Navy patrol boat 
Taupo, which is patrolling the 
wreck site, said some of the 
ship's lifeboats were so rotten 

Moscow joins in 
with own inquiry 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

The Soviet authorities have 
announced the setting up of a 
special commission to investi- 
gate the causes of the sinking 
of the Mikhail Lermontov. 

The announcement of the 
official inquiry was made here 
by Mr Timolfey Guzhenko, 
the maritime fleet minister. 

“The cause of the accident 
and the ship's loss will be 
determined by a specially 
appointed commission," be 
told Izvestia. 

The official newspaper said 
that the disaster, in which 
more than 700 passengers and 
crew were rescued and only 
one crewman was believed to 
have been drowned, was the 
first of its kind to happen to a 
Soviet ship “for many years”. 

Although details of the com- 
position of the Soviet inquiry 
were not dear, Pravda report- 
ed that officials from Moscow 
would be flying out to join the 
investigation already under 
way in New Zealand. 

After a complete news 
blackout lasting some 24 
hours in which nothing about 
the sinking was reported by 
the state-controlled media, 
subsequent reports published 
here have given the impres- 
sion that map defidencies and 
human error by the New 

City is 
wearing out 

Peking (Reuter) — The For- 
bidden City b Peking, China's 
former imperial palace, is 
falling into disrepair and suf- 
fering wear and tear from 
millions of visitors, according 
to the Economic Daily. 

It said that £16 million had 
been spent on renovating the 
huge complex of buildings 
since the Communists took 
power in 1949. 

The number of visitors to 
the Forbidden City has risen 
by 10 per cent annually over 
the past few years. In 1985. it 
attracted almost II million 

The “golden bricks" b the 
main halls, whose manufactur- 
ing technique is a mystery, 
have been worn down by 2cm. 

Old comrades back in 
action to fight famine 

From Oar Correspondent, Sydney 

As pilots with the Royal 
Australian Air Force. Bob 
Hayward and his mates flew 
relief missions in Vietnam and 
New Guinea. Now they want to 
do it again — only b Africa, 
and for free. 

Captab Hayward, a com- 
mercial pilot, is part of a 
venture involving 30 former 
comrades-in-arms of the 
RAAF 36 Squadron who have 
formed themselves into a con- 
sortium of volunteers. Their 
offer is to fly, crew and 
maintain one of their old 
aircraft which was donated b 
December by the Canberra 
Government for famine relief 

operations b Africa. 

“You could say it is partly 
for the excitement but there's 
more to it than that It's a 
chance to see beneficial results 
from your efforts. The whole 
thine, the Gddof business, has 
really captured the Australian 
imagination." Captab Hay- 
ward says. 

More th»n 80 volunteers 
bom the aviation worfd have 
come forward to offer their 
skills. The former members of 
36 Squadron form the logical 
nucleus for a voluntary ae * 
group to fly an ex-RAF Henm- 
C130 donated by Australia. 

that passengers went through 
them with their feeL Many of 
the rubber inflatable life-rafts 
would not open, lights on 
lifejackets did not work and 
rescue whistles were like 

There were no English lan- 
guage instructions on any of 
the equipment. Lieutenant 
Batcheier said. “I picked up an 
emergency flare and I did not 
have a clue how to use it" 

He said many lives would 
have been lost through such 
faulty equipment if the liner 
had gone down at sea. On 
Sunday night all but one of the 
740 passengers and crew were 
picked up. 

One Soviet seaman is 
thought to have gone down 
with the ship. Six passengers- 
are still- in Wellington- Hospi- 
tal with minor injuries. 

Passengers arriving in Wel- 
lington after the rescue, many 
of them lightly clothed, com- 
plained that they were given 
no information about the state 
of the ship, even after it began 
drifting without power and 
developed a list. They could 
not reach their cabins because 
they were locked off 

s ivi i S- ■ 

.. .. 

The American snbmarine Johnson Sea-Link 11 surfaces after searching the Atlantic for the right-hand solid rocket booster 
thought to have caused the explosion on board the space shnttie Challenger in which seven astronauts died last month. 

Six die ia ouffiack tragedy Iberia jets 

Fron Stephen Taylor, Sydney Sabotaged 

The perils" posed by the and an dderiv man, were the vehicle. A few hundred • M A n Sf Icn __ Iprf 

sheer- vastness of the Ausira- apparently driving in a station yards off were her three chfl- TlfK 

Jbn outback have been under' wagon on a rough dirt road dren, a baby of six months and 

lined by a tragedy in the 470 miles north of Alice two girls aged three and four. “S 1 ” 

Northern Territory which has Springs when the vehicle got In another direction, about 5E?;»SSS!rIKi?i.?2tiSA 
claimed six lives. bogged down in the sofl. two miles from the van, they fe ( 

p ^ HicmvfMvd the The golden role for drivers found a 65-year-oid man. said “ c ™* k “V®?" 

bodies of three adults and who break down the hot to be experienced in the bush. °“ l nr J7nn V 

outback is to conserve energy Less than a mile further on. stepped up. 

^ staying with the vehicle. but still three miles or so from On January 31, technicians 

Whether as a result of the borehole be had apparent- servicing a DC9 found that 

|P& ein ~ r r n ° rrn 7 ^, dehydration, or sheer despera- ly been seeking, was the head wires to the landing gear 

i; Jr In i lion, this group ignored the of the family, a man of 38. indicator had been cut Four 

pMm fou* ftmihar in the ^ . There was one survivor, a days later fuel jettison valves 

ouioacx. Police first found a Woman, dog found sheltering under the of a Boeing 727 were also 

The group, a family of five aged 34, about 100 yards from car. sabotaged. 

The perils" posed by the 
sheer- vastness of the Austra- 
lian outback have been under' 
lined by a tragedy in the 
Northern Territory which has 
claimed six lives. 

Police who discovered the 
bodies of three adults and 
three children in the harsh and 
empty waste are still piecing 
together how they died, but 
the case seems to follow a 
pattern fairly familiar in the 

The group, a family of five 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 
and an elderly man, were i 
apparently driving in a station ; 
wagon on a rough dirt road < 
470 miles north of Alice i 
Springs when the vehicle got 
bogged down in the sofl. i 

The golden role for drivers ‘ 
who break down in the hot 
outback is to conserve energy 
by staying with the vehicle. 

Whether as a result of 
dehydration, or sheer despera- 
tion, this group ignored the 

Police first found a woman, 
aged 34, about 100 yards from 

the vehicle. A few hundred 
yards off were her three chfl- I 
area, a baby of six months and 
two girls aged' three and four. 

In another direction, about 
two miles from the van, they 
found a 65-year-oid man, said 
to be experienced in the bush. 
Less than a mile further on. 
but still three miles or so from 
the borehole be had apparent- 
ly been seeking, was the head 
of the family, a man of 38. 

There was one survivor, a 
dog found sheltering under the 

70 fearel| 
dead ia 4 
pall crash 

Santiago (AP. Reuter) - 
Seventy people are feared tc 
have died and up to 200 tt 
have been injured when tm 
crowded passenger trains col 
tided head-on 60 miles north- 
east of the Chilean capital. 

initial reports indicated a 
much lower death toll, bus 
several radio stations repwf 
that it has rcacbed'about 70. Ai 
police officer who asked not w 
be identified said that thd 
reports were accurate. 

An official snnouncefliew is 
expected. i 

The crash happened <* 
Monday near the two of 
Limache. on a bridge damage 
in a bomb attack by leftist 
guerrillas opposed to the mffiJ 
tary regime of General PiWH 
diet, more than a year ago. ; 

The semi-official Or be newsj 
agency said that one engine; 
came to rest on top of the other, 
and that 165 yards of track 
were ripped up in the collision^ 
One train was carrying pas-i 
sengers from the resort cities: 
of Valparaiso and Vifla del-. 
Mar to Santia go, and the other; 
was travelling from Los Andes- 
to Valparaiso, a popular route? 
for Argentine tourists. i 

The state railway company,, 
Ferrocarriles del Estado, said* 
that since the bomb attack, 
duly one of the two tracks bad ] 
been in use. 

A company spokesman said ; 
that the accident was appar-)] 
ently doe to human error. vi 

Zealand pilot had been the 
main causes of the disaster. 

Interviewed by telephone 
by Soviet television. Captain 
Vladislav Vorobyev, the mas- 
ter of the 20,352 ton liner - 
who had earlier refused to talk 
to reporters in Wellington — 
claimed that the New Zealand 
pilot had tried to lead the 
Mikhail Lermontov on a safe 
course, but that it had hit 
rocks which had not been 
shown on the maps. 

• “The ship can definitely be 
recovered." he added. 

Reports about the tragedy 
in the official Soviet press 
have emphasized the bravery, 
coolness and efficiency with 
which Soviet crewmen carried 
out the evacuation of the 
crippled liner. 

in recent weeks, there has 
been a growing debate inside 
the Communist Party about 
the reporting of accidents and 
natural disasters by the Soviet 

Encouraged by the new 
campaign of “openness” 
launched by Mr Gorbachov, 
officials have attacked the 
official press for concentrating 
too much on disasters in the 
West while giving minimal 1 
coverage to those within the 

Malaysia in 
arms display 

Kuala Lumpur (AP) — The 
Prime Minister of Malaysia, 
Dr Mahathir Muhammad, 
yesterday opened an interna- 
tional arms exhibition by 
saying he hoped there would 
be no arms race in South-East 

The arms race had cost the 
superpowers a great deal of 
money, he said, and Malaysia, 
a peace-loving country, would 
never place defence ahead of 
socio-economic development 

Senior government officials 
said that since Dr Mahathir 
took office in July 1 981 be Had 
cut defence spending and 
scrapped the building of air 
bases and the buying of new 


The new BBC ihicrocomputer 
series will be seen in aHareas. 

The BBC Master Series is a continuation 
and development of the highly popular BBC 
Micro. As such, the series retains all of the 
BBC Micros traditional virtues including 
BBC BASIC and a superior choice of software 
and peripherals. 

Though never before has one micro- 
computer encompassed such a wide- range ’ 
of applications or offered so much potential. 


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screen by Electronic Mail. 

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The volunteers include pi- 
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Initially there was no response 
but when Bob Geldot the 
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initiative and made a personal 
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Troubled times for US drugs giant 

Deaths end capsule sales 

tW RnmcuHAl. t A 

Brunswick, New Jet- 
sey (AP) — Johnson & John- 
son has decided no longer 
produce over-the-counter 
medicines in capsules, but 
whoever murdered a woman 
with a poisoned painkiller has 
not beaten the giant company, 
us chairman says. 

The decision to stop pro- 
duction came nine days after a 
New York woman was killed 

by cyanide-contaminated 

Tylenol capsules and 3'6 years 
after seven people in the 
Chicago area suffered the 
same fate. 

*We fought our way back 
Chicago tragedy ... 

from the 

thanks to the fairness and 
good judgement of the Ameri- 
can consumer.” the chairman, 
Mr James Burke, told a press 

-We will do It again this 
time. What we‘ve done is say; 
‘You’re not going to defeat 

Mr Burke urged users of 
Tylenol capsules to switch to 
coated, oval tablets known as 
“caplets.”' and said that John- 
son & Johnson will replace 
free of charge any capsules 
now in homes or stores. 

The US drug industry react- 
ed cautiously to the announce- 
ment and the Food and Drug 
Administration said it would 
be premature to call for an 
industry-wide ban on capsule 

•Texas victim: Police in the 
town of Tyler, Texas, are 
investigating whether a man 
diagnosed as suffering from 
cyanide poisoning two weeks 

ago ingested the chemical 
from Tylenol capsules he took 
shortly before he coilapsed 
{DPI reports). 

The 41-year-old victim sur- 
vived the poisoning that oc- 
curred four days before the 
New York woman died from 
taking cyanide-laced Extra- 
Sirengih Tylenol capsules. 

Police in Tyler. 100 miles 
east of Dallas, said they 
delayed disclosing the inci- 
dent. which had occurred on 
February 4. because they did 
not want to alarm residents. 

They also refused to pin- 
point the poisoned Tylenol as 
the cause of the man’s illness, 
even though he look four 
capsules of the painkiller the 
day he collapsed. 

-At this stage of the investi- 
gation. we don't know how or 
when or even if the cyanide 
was put into the capsules.” a 
police officer said. 

The victim, who worked for 
the Mental Retardation Cen- 
tre of East Texas, a state social 
service organization, took 
four capsules at his office. 
Shortly after swallowing the 
Iasi two he dropped to the 
floor and went into convul- 
sions. Hospital tests showed 
he had ingested some form of 

Dr. Michael Welch, who 
treated the patient at the 
hospital, said that after cya- 
nide was found in the patient’s 
blood, he told doctors he had 
taken Tylenol shortly before 

Dynasty fights maid for will fortune 

From Michael Brayoo 

One of America's most 
bizarre challenges to a multi- 
millionaire’s wili began in a 
New York court yesterday, as 
six descendants of the John- 
son & Johnson pharmaceuti- 
cals dynasty tried to wrest the 
family fortune from their 
father's former Polish cham- 

Yesterday the jury was be- 
ing selected in the Manhattan 
surrogate court for a case 
which is expected to last 
months if not years. 

The case is the stuff of 
which American soap operas 
are made. Mr J Seward John- 
son. son of the founder of the 

giant company, died in 19S3 
at the age of 87. leaving 
virtually his entire estate, 
valued at between S400 mil- 
lion and. Si billion (£286 
million to£7l4 million) to his 
third wife Basis, whom he 
married when he was 76 and 
she was 34. 

Between his marriage and 
his death his will was revised 
22 limes with the benefits to 
Mrs Johnson growing inexora- 
bly until she was one of the 
richest women in the world. 

The former Basia Piasecka 
arrived in America aged 31 in 
1968. after studying art at the 
Vatican. With only $100 in 
her pocket and speaking no 
English she took a job as an 
upstairs chambermaid, serv- 

ing tea to Mr Johnson and his 
second wife Esther. 

Within one year of 
herarrival the Johnson mar- 
riage was destroyed. They 
were divorced on November 
3. 1971. and eight days lain 
Seward married Basia. 

One day after the wedding 
he changed his will, giving her 
$250,000. some company- 
shares and income from a $10 
million stockholding. 

In his subsequent wills, 
which the family claimed were 
obtained from a sick old man 
by fraud, duress, coercion and 
undue influence. Mr Johnson 
left nothing to the Harbour. 
Branch Oceanography insti- 
tute in Florida, which he 
founded, and which has joined 

lhc family in disputing the 

The family claims that as 
Mr Johnson grew- old and sick 
with cancer his third wife 
virtually imprisoned him in 
their California home, dis- 
missing all English-speaking 
staff and replacing them with 
Poles. They say that the final 
draft of his will on April 14. 
1983. Five weeks before his 
death, was made when he was 
so confused he could barely 
recognize anyone. 

One daughter. Mrs Mary 
Lee Richards, said in couri 
papers filed Iasi year that 
Basia had deliberately pre- 
vented him leaving money to 
the Oceanography institute, 
his lifelong hobby.' 


set free 
by Tamils 

Colombo — Mrs Penelope 
Willis, the 64-year-old British 
freelance journalist kidnapped 
by Tamil guerrillas on January 
1 7, was released yesterday into 
the care of (he British High 
Commission and the Interna- 
tional Red Cross (Our Corre 
spondem writes). 

She was freed at a refugee 
camp outside Jaffna, the main 
town of the Northern Prov- 
ince, and was expected to bi 
flown to Colombo in a private 

Her captors had maintained 
that rite was a spy. When Mrs 
Willis was released reporters 
were not given access to heron 
the ground that it would be a 
breach of her undemanding 
with the guerrillas. 

Drinkers pay 
their dues 

Moscow (AFP) — Fines 
under new Soviet anti-alcohol 
laws have netted the Ulya- 
novsk region east of Moscow 
$ 1 2 million (about £860,000) 
since last June. 

The region, where alcoho* 
sales fell by $28 million las 
year, has 1.3 million of th 
Soviet's 280 million popuU 

Fire toll 16 

Rio de Janeiro (AFP) — The 
death toll in a fire that ravaged, 
a 13-story building here has 
risen to 16 and is expected to 
rise further as workers con- 
tinue their search for victims. 

Bomb arrests 

Brussels (AFP) - Police 
investigating a suspected 
bomb-smuggling ring have 
seized 1431b of explosives and 
devices from a city garage 
after arresting four people. 

Drug haul 

San Salvador (Reuter) - 
Police arrested a seven-man 
drug ring carrying $658,000 
(£470.000) in cash and cocaine 
worth $249,000 as they pre- 
pared to smuggle 154 packets 
of cocaine to Los Angeles. 

Tigers at risk 

Peking (Reuter) — China 
last week welcomed the Year 
of the Tiger, but its 200 tigers 
in the wild may not survive 
until the next tiger year. 1 998. 
a leading newspaper said. • 

Strike called 

Delhi (Reuter) - India's 
opposition parties have called 
a national one-day general 
strike, to exdude the capital, 
in protest against Govern- 
ment price increases for «sea- 
tial goods on February 26. 

Planes wait 

Madrid - A work-to-rule 
protest by air traffic control- 
lers wanting more pay and 
better equipment caused de- 
lays of up to five hours at 
Madrid airport on Monday. 

Rescuers die 

Lisbon - Seven Portuguese 
seamen drowned in trying to 
save (he 25 crew of a ship 
adrift in heavy Atlantic sms. 
They were taken off by «•»- 
copter, but only one man from 

the rescue ship survived. 


Wellington (Reuter) j “ jj 

stray cat Wd tis nine lives ^ 

one electrifying burst “ 
stepped into generating equip- 
ment. blowing out the power 
system of a large networks 
near Dunedin. 

Mr Tiargut Ozal, the Turkish Prime Minister, meeting the 
Lord Mayor of London, Sir Allan Davis, yesterday at the 
Mansion House. (Photograph, Bill Warhwst). 

Ozal wants Turkey in 
EEC within 10 years 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

Mr Turgot Ozal, the Turk- ed to i revival of Turkey's 
bh Prime Minister, ootfined 
the case for eventual Turkish 
membership of the European 
Community when he met Mrs 
Thatcher at Downing Street 
yesterday, Che second day of 
his four-day official visit to 

Encouraged by Monday's 
decision by Etwopeau Foreign 
Ministers to revive Turkey’s 
association agreement with 
the EEC later this year, be 
expressed the hope that Tur- 
key may be accepted as a foil 
member within 10 years. . 

Britain looks favourably on 
the idea of eventual Turkish 
membership but believes that 
it oooM take as long as 15 or 
20 years before Turkey is 
politically and economically 

One of the main stumbling 
Mocks is the continued Turk- 
ish occupation of the northern 
part of Cypres, an issue that 
was also discussed at yester- 
day's talks. Greece had object- 

Bill on 

The Hague (Reuter) — The 
Dutch Government has 
blocked euthanasia legislation 
despite majority support but 
its backers still say The Neth- 
erlands is likely to be the first 
country to allow mercy-kill- 

Mr Pieter Smit. the Liberal 
spokesman, said a request by 
Mr Frederik Konhals Altes. 
the Minister for Justice, to 
have the debate deferred, had 
insured the Bill could not 
become law before a general 
election due in May. But he 
said its support was so strong 
that it was virtually inevitable 
after the election. 

Mr Mendel Nana, an archaeologist specializing in the Sea of Galilee area, picking through 
the sted at the bow of a 27ft boat dating from the time of Jesus Christ- The boat was found 
with other artefacts recently when Che water level was towered. 

Britons 9 role m Uganda war 

The Okelln regime in l gan- 
da emplined British merce- 
naries to fly and arm irs 
helicopter gun ships, according 
to an American atrrtun being 
questioned bv the 2 «fhnri!w 
here. This must hate been 
done with the knowledge uf the 
British Government. 

Five men from Defence 
Systems Ltd. the London- 
based private security compa- 
ny, arrived late last year to fly 
and arm the Uganda Army’s 
two Bell Augusta helicopter 

The two pilots. Mr Richard 
Merry and a Mr Peacock, a 
white Zimbabwean, flew sev- 
eral test missions over Lake 
Victoria to fire the newly- 
installed rockets and machine 
guns. Later, the gunships were 
in action against the National 
Resistance Army (NRA). 
though there is no evidence 
that these missions were flown 
by Defence Systems person- 

Defence Systems is a re- 
spectable Wesrrainsfer-based 
security firm, which employs 
mainly former Special Air 
Services personnel. Its chair- 
man is Viscount Monckton of 
Brenchiey and it would not 
operate in a country without 

From Richard Dow den, Kampala 

the approval of the British 
Govern mear. 

A spokesman for the British 
Hiph Commission here said 
that he was aware that De- 
fence S; stems and other Brit- 
ish security companies were 
iiperatinp in Uganda, bur did 
not know exactly what they 
were doing. 

Mr Jo*? Jackson, an Ameri- 
can employed by Uganda Air 
Cargo as flight engineer for 
the company’s Cl 30 aircraft, 
in being questioned by the new 
Ugandan authorities. He and 
Mr Colin Palph. a New Zea- 
lander who worked for the 
company which serviced heli- 
copters ’ here, are not being 
detained but their passports 
have been confiscated. 

Mr Jackson said that De- 
fence Systems arrived at the 
time of the signing of (he peace 
accord between the Okello 
government and the NRA. and 
continued to work after the 
peace agreement was signed. 
The government had decided 
to boy and fit rocket pods and 
machineguns for the two Bell 
Augusta Griffin helicopters. 

The Italian company re- 
sponsible for servicing the 
aircraft refused to fit the 
weapons, and so Defence Sys- 

tem*. was called in. It sent tw» 
pilots and three armourers, 
four of them British. 

Before they arrived, how ev- 
er. Canadian employee*, of a 
Swiss company. Ha rev life Ag. 
had already fitted the weapons 
and were flying rhe helicop- 
ters. Mr Jackson said that the 
two Clareville pilots. Mr Bill 
Waugh and another called 
Berm, had been flying the 
civilian helicopters fur some 
time 2 s well as airlifting 
supplies to Okello garrisons 
surrounded by the NRA at 

"After one mission the heli- 
copter picked up 11 bullet 
holes so Bernt said he 
wouldn’t fly it any more. But 
Waugb went on Dying, and I’m 
told he flew one of the combat 
missions.' 1 

The Defence systems men 
staved at the Lake Victoria 
Hotel at Entebbe and Mr 
Jackson said they always 
carried their AK47 assault 
rifles with them. 

All of them fled at the time 
of the takeover in January, but 
Mr Waugh flew the ousted 
President Okello to Jinja and 
then to Sudan before going to 

From Frank Johnson 

Herr Hans-Jochen Vogel 
leader of the Social Democroi 
in the Federal Psriiamer, 
(Bundestag), said here yester 
day lha; Chancellor Kor 
could not have been "er.ur-.!. 
ignorant’' of the final dcstina 
lion of cash payments M-hnP 
are the subject of an impure 
»nc investigation against Her 

But Herr Vogel, who *2 
talking to reporters after rr- 
sudden and unexpected n-.- v 
of the investigation by pub*,- 
prosecutors, stopped short o 
demanding Herr Kohl's resi; 
nation. The private view u* 
tnbuied to him by the pr- 
here was iha*. such 
were premjture. bui tha; Her 
Kohl had be:ter clarify :i. 
mailer quickly. 

Herr Dieter Cronenberg, a. 
MP and member of the Na 
tionai Executive of the Fr-.- 
Dmic-erats (FDPj. the libera 
party with which Herr Kon!’ 
Christian. Democrats *CDi. 
are in coalition, called on th 
Opposition not to “prejudge' 
Herr Kohl. 

These cautious circiir .2 
around the issue were repr.* 
sentativc of the mooo *• 
uneonatruy here yesterda; 
Herr Kohl might be :• 
trouble. Bent’ he continues ;• 
den* knowledge of where ih 
money eventually went, t 
could all evaporate- 

What had started as lial- 
more than a ploy by the Greer 
MP and radical lawyer Her 
Otto Schily — 3n applicauo; 
to the prosecutors for a: 
investigation of whether Her 
Koh! told the truth about tax 
evading payments to th 
Christian Democrats by hr* 
business — suddenly looke. 
more serious. The prosecutor 
in Koblenz made it know; 
that it was to be investigated. 

Some of the payments relat 
to when Herr Kohl was tha 
region's Prime Minister, an. 
CDU party chairman, in th- 
1 970s. The money went i< 
what ostensibly was a research 
institute, but which was real I ; 
a CDU front organization. B; 
making the payments to di 
institute, business contribu 
tors to a political puny cat' 
avoid tax. 

Herr Kohl’s defence ovc 
the past two years has beer 
that he believed the payment-, 
were legal. 

association agreement and 
would be certam to block foil 
Turkish membership while 
the Cyprus problem remains 

Another problem area is 
Turkey's human rights record 
which, although improving 
since Mr OzaTs cmlian gov- 
ernment took office two years 
ago, stiff leaves much to be 

Amnesty International de- 
livered a report to Mrs 
Thatcher's office before 
yesterday's meeting, saying 
there was evidence that torture 
was still being widely used in 
Turkish prisms. 

The organization says there 
are over 151,000 political pris- 
oners in Turkey. 

Yesterday Mr Ozal also met 
Mr Nigel Lawson, the Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer, had 
lunch in the City of London 
and attended an official ban- 
quet in Downing Street. 

for UK in 
Star Wars 

By Out Diplomatic 

The head of President 
Reagan’s “Star Wars” pro- 
gramme forecast yesterday 
that commas worth billions 
of dollars could eventually be 
won by British companies and 
research organizations as a 
result of Britain’s decision to 
take pan in the controversial 
space defence project. 

However. General 
James Abraham son. who has 
been tn London to give details 
of classified aspects of the 
project to interested British 
companies, said that it would 
take several years before any 
significant commercial bene- 
fits could be reaped. 

“The first step is the plant- 
ing of technical seeds which 
we expect to sprout and 
grow” he said before leaving 
discuss possible Israeli partici- 
pation in the Strategic De- 
fence Initiative (SDI). 

While in London General 
Abrahamson initialled a series 
of implementing instructions 
with Dr Richard Norman, 
chief scientific adviser at the 
Ministry of Defence, which 
will make it easier for British 
companies to take part in the 
$26 billion dollar projecL 
He said Britain's involve- 
ment would have important 
spin-offs for conventional de- 
fence and civilian projects. 

He denied some American 
reports that the value of work 
going to Britain and other 
participating allies would be 
far lower than is officially 
being projected. 

Hurd joins 
Paris war 
on terror 

From Diana Geddes 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, held talks in 
Paris yesterday with M Pierre 
Joxe. his French counterpart, 
on ways of intensifying bilat- 
eral and international co- 
operation on terrorism and 
drug trafficking. 

It was the second meeting 
between the two ministers 
within the last three months 
and indicates the growing 

awareness ofbotb sides of the 
increasingly international 
character of their jobs. 

Mr Hurd bas held similar 
meetings within the last few 
months with his Italian and 
Greek counterparts. 

The problems relating to the 
policing of the Channel Tun- 
nel were not discussed. Mr 
Hurd said that talks between 
officials on such issues as 
measures to control rabies, 
drugs, terrorism, and immi- 
gration in relation to tbe fixed 
link would begin “fitirly 
soon", but that it was still too 
early for discussions at minis- 
terial level. 

The recent bomb attacks in 
Rome, Vienna and Paris fea- 
tured prominently in 
yesterday’s talks but Libya 
was not discussecLFrance and 
Britain do not share the 
United States view that Libya 
is the fountainhead of world 

Mr Hurd indicated that 
both he and M Joxe were in 
general satisfied with the co- 
operation already existing be- 
tween the various agencies 
dealing with drugs and terror- 
ism in their two countries. 

These a re The benef its 
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An re 
net j< 

Tyranny in the firing line 

Ten years ago much 
of Latin America was 
ruled by dictators, 

, most of whom have 
now fallen. In Africa, 
too, some harsh 
regimes are over. 
Could despotism be 
on the way out? 

T hese are bad times for 
dictators. Many have been 
finding out the hard way 
that their services are no 
longer required — they have 
J lost their jobs. 

! A generation ago a political map of 
• Latin America would have shown far 
I more dictatorships than democra- 
| ries. Some of the caudil/os then in 
| power were internationally famous 
i figures, synonymous with cruelty 
I and corruption — Peron in Argenti- 
} na, Batista in Cuba, Trujillo in 
j Dominica, Somoza in Nicaragua and 
( Duvalier in Haiti 
( Africa, too, produced its crop of 
[ tin-pot dictators. Some, like Kwame 
_ Nkromah ia Ghana, won a degree of 
. political respectability by being in 
j the forefront of the struggle against 
; European colonialism. Others, how- 
t ever, took despotism and self- 
enrichment to heights never dreamt 
1 of by their Latin counterparts, 
i In Equatorial Guinea, for exam- 
I pie, the tyrannical rule of the late 
Macias Nguema caused one-third of 
the population to flee the country. 

" His near-neighbour Emperor Jean- 
i Bedel Bokassa spent a quarter of the 
Central African Republic's foreign 
1 earnings on his Napoleon ic-s tv le 
1 coronation, fed his enemies to the 
( crocodiles and. according to those 
J who opened his refrigerator after he 
, was overthrown, dined off human 
1 flesh. 

* The exploits of Idi Amin. 

1 “conqueror" of the British empire. 

1 have been all too well documented. 

1 Yet evidence now' beginning to 
emerge suggests that the man who 
f preceded and succeeded him. Milton 
1 Oboie, may have had an equally 
( bloodstained career. 
f Even modern Europe has not been 
immune from dictators. It is just 
I over a decade since Spain and 
1 Portugal emerged from the dark 
c years of dictatorship under General 
| Franco and Dr Antonio Salazar to 
[ transform themselves into fully- 
1 fledged western democracies. And 
“Greece’s unhappy flirtation with 
- military rule was a sharp reminder 
• that democracy remains a fragile 
- flower even in Europe. 

Even modern Europe has not been popped up around the Western 
immune from dictators. It is just hemisphere. Some were installed by 
over a decade since Spain and Washington, others were actively 
Portugal emerged from the dark encouraged if Ihev were thought 
years of dictatorship under General capable of protecting US interests 
Franco and Dr Antonio Salazar to (which often took ihe form of the 
transform themselves into fully- United Fruit Company) or, more 
fledged western democracies. And importantly, keeping communists at 
Greece s unhappy flirtation with bay. The .Americans wtrre prepared 
military rule was a sharp reminder to tolerate “Papa" and “Baby Doc” 
that democracy remains a fragile Duvalier for so long largely because 
flower even in Europe. they disliked Fidel Castro’s type of 

According to the current issue of communism almost as much as the 
International Security :an American US did. 

publication, there are 38 dictators 
around the world who have been in 
office for more than a decade. Many 
of them are very old - President 
Bourguiba of Tunisia and President 
Banda of Malawi for example, are 
both octogenarians. 

The only surprise about the over- 
throw of President" Baby Doc” 
Duvalier of Haiti is that it took so 
long. Duvalier’s dictatorship was a 
classic of its kind, and so was his 
downfall Having none. of his late 
father’s -paljiicaJ guile — nor his 
ruthlessness ^Bahy Doc survived as 
long as he did largely because his 
people had been crushed by decades 
of poverty and brutality. While the 
people starved. Duvalier and bis 
glamorous wife- Michele stashed 
away a fortune estimated at more 
than £300 million. 

The decline of Latin American 
dictatorships can .be traced to a 
change in US attitudes that began 
with the Kennedy administration. 
US governments decided that simply 
being anti-communist was not 
enough to justify American support 
Adherence to democratic principles 
and respect for human rights were 
also important When men like 
Barista and Somoza paid no atten- 
tion to either democracy or human 
rights, the Americans helped local 
opposition forces to remove them. 

O ne of the most striking 
developments in Latin 
America during the past 
decade has been the way 
that dictatorship and mil- 
itary rule have given way to democ- 
racy — a process for which the US 

It was particularly appropriate can claim much credit During the 
that the Duvaliere should have set 1970s Argentina, Brazil Chile. Peru. 

off into exile aboard a United States 
military plane, a means of refuge 
used by other fleeing dictators. 

In the past the United States has 
been tolerant of the tyrants who 

Ecuador, Uruguay. Bolivia. Para- 
guay, in feet most of Central 

America (with the notable exception 
of Costa Rica) were ran by military 
dictatorships. Today more 90 per 

cent of Latin American people are 
living in countries that are either 
democratic or heading in that direc- 

There are only two old-style right- 
wing military dictators still in power 
in Latin America, President Alfredo 
Stioessner of Paraguay and Presi- 
dent Augusto Pinochet of Chile — 
and probably only Stroessner fully 
deserves the title caudiUo. a type of 
feudal leader peculiar to Latin 

Stroessner. now aged 73. has ruled 
his impoverished, land-locked coun- 
try with a mixture of paternalism 
and fear since be seized power in a 
coup in 1954, and will probably go 
on doing so until be dies. He has 
been in office longer than Franco was 
in Spain; at least half of Paraguay’s 
three million people were not bora 
when he seized power. 

His slogan, seen on hoardings 
around the capital Asuncion, is 
“peace, work and well-being”; it 
undoubtedly holds an appeal for a 
country which bad 28 (Residents in 
foe 40 years before Stroessner look 
power. A desire for stability and 
continuity partly explains why 
Stroessner invariably manages to 
win around 90 per cent of the vote 
each time there is an election. Fraud 
and corruption undoubtedly also 
play their part, but it is widely 
believed that even if a free election 
were held Stroessner would easily 
win, so successful has he been in 
turning Paraguay into his personal 

Stroessner, son of a Bavarian 
brewer, has been maliciously de- 

The same could not be said of 
scribed bv Graham Greene in Troth President Mobutu Sese Sefco ofZairc 
els with My Aunt as looking like an wtlohas presided over the systematic 
“amiable, weQ-fed host of a Bavarian impoverishment of what could be 
biemube l** But there is little that is onc oftfa e nchest countries in Africa, 
amiable about Stroessner. He has While his people have grown steaddy 
remained in power by creating a poorer, Mobutu las a m ass e d .a 
permanent climate of fear and fortune . 

hopelessness through, to quote a President M obutu has re m a in e d in . 
report by Paraguayan bishops: “arbi- Power largely because the Amerir 

amiable about Stroessner. He has while his people have grown steadily 
remained in power by creating a poorer, Mobutu las a m ass e d .a 
permanent climate of fear and fortune . 

hopelessness through, to quote a President M obutu has remained in 
report by Paraguayan bishops: “arbi- Power largely because the Ameri- 
trary detention, torture, lack of the. French and the Belgians 
freedom and foe absence of personal wanted him to. Although they have 
guarantees.” During his years in love for his methods and 
power an estimated 40,000 people, despair at his mismanagement of foe 
including foe potential leaders of an economy, he has managed to hold 
effective opposition, have fled or together a sprawling country foal 
been chased into exile. dominates foe heart of the African 

«i chased into exile. dominates foe heart of the African 

An opponent of Stroessner ha< continent. At all costs Mobutu's 

described foe foundations of his 
enduring regime as "foe three Cs” — 
cronies, corruption and cruelty. The 
cronies are mainly old army pals and 

western backers wanted to avoid a 
repetition of foe bloody Congo war 
of the 1960s which would almost 
certainly provoke Soviet involve- 

the large group of expatriate Ger- _ 

mans, some of them ex-Nazis, he has . Western support for dictators Eke 
allowed to settle there. Many of them Mobutu creates its own conundrum 
hold government posts or control foe ~ flfoat happens wten they die or are 


huge contraband trade which is one overthrown? The International Se- 
at the mainstays of the economy. cuniy article showed that the depar- 

ture of a dictator is almost always 

“ *5 i A b ™..° f be more revere the longer the 
dictator had been in offictSus, the 

Paraguayan politics. This, 

Inn hinnwt *1,- uauuwumwuw. 

L Sir so . bil, >. !*“> 3 i imtor »*»y p™- 

ofhiecollenguesgndSumXm 3 J*"" 5 >F» “ ” ** 

he has allowed to settle in Paraguay, 


The overthrow of a dictator like 

Somoza family after they Sta 

s', ,-f 

• Vi', i -~ r . 

informed of everything taking place 

- in the country by his secret police. 
Thousands of political prisoners are 

As Stroessner’s years advance and 
his health weakens a power strugle 
has developed between two factions 
of his party, the “militants”, who are 

- promoting his son, Gustavo; and the 
“traditionalists'* who come from the 
country's wealthy patrician families 
and are backing a civilian. Bui 
Stroessner has shown no sign of 
choosing an heir apparent 

I n Chile, Pinochet must i^ard 
Stroessner’s virtually unchal- 
lenged control of his country 
with envy -and frustration. 
Pinochet’s leadership has been 
constantly challenged since the over- 
throw of Marxist president Salvador 
Allen de in 1973. Furthermore, 
whereas Paraguay is ignored by most ' 
of the world. Chile is seen as 
exemplifying all that is rotten about 
right-wing military dictatorships. 
Even the US. which helped hnng 
Pinochet to power, now finds Trim a 
political embarrassment and is 
pressing for a return to democrary. j 
When Pinochet did try some 
political liberalization a couple of ; 
years ago his efforts produced wide- i 
spread unrest across the country, fie ] 
responded in the dassk style of a I 
military dictator with imprisonment . 
and torture. 

How long he and his generals can 
stay in control remains to be seen. 
Their 13- year tenure has been 
largely due to the deep divisions 
between foe opposition parties. 
However, be is committed to a 
constitutional process which calls fix 
a plebiscite and Congressional elec- 
tion by the aid of this decade — and 
the Americans are likely to hold him 
to this timetable. 

Africa still has a clutch of dictators 
clinging on to power, most of whom 
have been in office since their 
countries became independent. De- 
spite his many eccentricities and a 
record of dealing ruthlessly with his 
opponents. Dr Hastings Banda of 
Malawi is generally considered to 
have had a beneficial influence on 
his country. Under his autocratic 
rule Malawi, once knows as the 
“dustbin of Africa”, has prospered in 
a modest way and is now much- 
loved by western development agen- 
cies wanting to invest in projects in 
Absolute power President Pinochet of Chile (left); Mobutu of Zaire (top right); and Stroessner of Paraguay Africa. 

\ -*■ 

ijf | 

Robert Lintfeayt “I seem tube pubfieproperty now” 

An old china 
on Broadway 

A C octae y m^c a L 

is tipped to take SunHidGotHaHetOrumi 

— — maybe because foe sun was 

New York by Storm, shining at the time (thought: 
— - — ‘This is quite fim’.I rang my 

much to the surprise dad vp m Nottinghamshire 

— jr ^ and he said be bad seen it firat 

oflts unlikely Star time around and reman- 


were kicked out of Nicaragua in 

Cruelty is central to his dictator- 
ship. The country is in a permanent 
state of siege. Stroessner is kept 

tragi-comedy, but there are others 
whose departure from power would 
be no joke. 

Nicholas Ashford 


ft DannstfjilS) 13 fniiuiory (9) 20 HuMinEdaKfSl 

10 He suitable for (S> 14 Touch (4, 21 Ahead rYzj 

^-rawuytSl 15 TfahW TL 

12 Hope fibre (5> 18 Dmnbuie(S) 23 Inspire <4) 


ACROSS* i Shiver S Copy 8 Raven VLinctus !1 Illusion 13 Dear 
IS Weaihcr-bMicn i7Vk» 18 Eligible 21 Scorpio 22 Tonic 21 Byre 
24 Finery 

DOWN: 2 Hovel 3 Van 4 Roll on. roll off 5 Cony ftPauem 
^Brainwave* 10 Stringency J2Sobo 14 Berg 16 Anchovy 19 Boast 

The ubiquitous trout 

By tradition die trout occupies 
a position second only to the 
salmon ia the freshwater 
fisherman’s hierarchy. Its gas- 
tronomic attractions have onto 
recently bees enhanced by the 
sense of its being a special 
treat, brought to the table not 
by everyday commercial pro- 
duction but by the skills and 
patience of foe hunter. 

Bat with foe advent of foe 
trout farm, its status has 
changed. In the last 10 years 
commercial prod action has 
risen from L500 tonnes in 1976 
to a projected 1(1500 tonnes 
this year, and what was once a 
luxury has become common- 
place in fishmongers' shops 
and on supermarket co raters. 
So prolific has front forming 

become that tovrist agencies in 
Scotland this week claimed 
that soon wit a single loch or 
river wflj lade a fish farm of 
some kind. The comm e r cial 
advantage is obvious — in the 
last ten years the price of front 
in real terms has dropped from ' 
an average of 77p to 56p a 

Fish forming worldwide is 
estimated to be worth some 
£64)00 million, excluding 
shellfish such as shrimps and 
prawns, and is growing at foe 
rate of abost 15 per cent a year. 
In western Europe alone total 
turnover is pot at nearly £450 

Arthur Humbert, the new 
chairman of the British Trent 
Association, which is only 

three years old, nms an estate spread from Scotland to sonfo- 
near Rorasey, in Hampshire, west l&gi—d, are «tipU com- 
which includes a couple of ponents in mixed enterprises, 
miles of foe lamed River Test. His trout are Rainbows, a 
He built his first ponds in species fntrodneed to Europe 
1972, ami now has three forms, from North America in the 
two on the Test and one on foe 1880s and said to be one 
nearby Dun. Each depends on sorted to forming r«miti«w 
a flow of motions of gallons of than the native brown treat. 

Si*-!! excavated some distance 

lakes and reservoir s, inten sive gway from the main river, from 

rearing requires continuous which water is diverted, so that 

j n. , naffa “terference with 

ihe three forms car ready . ^ natoral a ww O w i of wild 

ES*"" ai * 0H LS! smote. SmwJSSSs iiJriie 

fish a year, wfudi puts him visitors to catch their own 

■ If in foe depths of last 
winter you had gazed into a 
crystal ball to predict 
Broadway’s next British mu- 
sical star yon might have 
bees startled to have come 
fece to free .with Robert 
Lindsay. There is, of course, 
nothing wrong with the face 
of Robert Lindsay; indeed, it 
has that rubbery, humorous 
and sympathetic mix that is 
the quintessence of musical 

It was just foal h, and he, 
had been all of those things 
for a long , time, through j 
succession, of television 
sitcoms — Citizen Smith. 
Seconds Out. Give Us a Break 
—punctuated by an occasion- 
al foray into foe. theatre that 
was critically approved but 
popularly unrecognized. It 
seemed more of the same 
when he returned to the West 
End in a 50-year-okl show 
steeped in wartime sentimen- 
tality, bedecked with uncul- 
tured singalongs such as 
Lambeth Walk. Leaning on a 
Lamp Post and The Sun Has 
Got His Hat On. apparently 
iadang only Run Rabbit Run 
and Hey Little Hen from the 
composer Nod Gay's reper- 
toire to qualify it for foe 
yearns ultimate cor blimey. Its 
leading man was surely about 
to squander his talent on the 
transient nostalgia of a 
coachload or two of O AFs. 

In foe event Me and My 
GiH was accorded an almost 
unanimous thumbs np from 
the critics who came, one 
suspects, to patronize and left 
in adulation. It has played to 
packed audiences of young 
and old ever sxnce'and went 
' on to win foe Laurence 
OBvier Award for the best . 
musical of 1985, with Lind- 
say the .best actor in a 
musical. And. now Lindsay 
finds himself taking the year’s 
most unlikely hit to New 

Will ft travel? Four thou- 
sand miles from its Cheerful 
Cockney origins, pfoat chance - 
can there be for a show as 
American as jellied eels? 
Lindsay admits foal he is foe 
wrong man mask; he thought , 
foe show would flop in 
London. Though not a Cock- 
ney he can play Cockney 
parts at the drop of a hat, and ( 
when offered the pan, be 
saysTl thought, God, it’s the - 
same old thing againj didn’t i 
like the script! couldn’t see it , 
working in the eighties. So I ■ 
turned it down. • 

“They persuaded me to 

and he said be bad seen it firat 
time around and re mem- 
ber e d the cloak scene so, 
when I got back to England. I 
took the music up to play to 
him. He had been a trade 
union man all his life and it 
was just at the time when the 
Nottingham miners were 
woftdng asd there were pick- 
ets everywhere and everyon e 
was gloomy. That’ll do it*, he 
said, ‘that’ll deer ’em up*. I 
realized he was riafat" 

.. At the age of 36, and IS 
wars after having RADA, 
Robert lindsary has become a 
star. With the possible excep- 
tion of Mi chael Crawford's 
virtuoso p erfor m a nce in Bar- 
num. be Ins probably just 
completed the most energetic 
and exhausting 12 months’ 
theatrical work seen in Lon- 
don for years. 

’WMt temfiesme 
. most of aR is 
being soccessfoT 

somewhere near the top of the 
producers’ league. A haudfrd 
of the largest farms in Britain 
supply between 500 and 1,000 
tonnes each, but foe majority. 

front with rod and fine, as an 
alternative to baying from the 
form shop. 


The Suggestion on the Mon- 
day Page this week foal Sir 
Barnes Wallis designed the ill- 
fated airship RI01 was incor- 
rect. He was responsible for 
foe RI0O. which successfully 
crossed foe Atlantic. 

T know what’s happened to 
me”, he says, “and Fm not 
sure fort I like iL People cash 
my cheques For the fa time 
in my fife restaurant manag- 
ers find a table for me. Kit a 
lot of nty old relationships 
have gone out of the window. 
I seem to be public property 
now ” 

The loss of privacy partly 
explains the open fcar 'with 
winch he feres the prospect of 
leading a new Me and My 
Girl cast on to foe New York 
staff next July. “HI tell you 
what terrifies me most of aD 
and that’s being successful If 
it’s no good then PH bop on 
foe next plane home and 
that'll be foaL But I know 
what Americans do to you if 
they like you. 

U I think it was Jeremy 
Irons who said to me once 
that Ihe trouble with foe 
English is that they can’t 
handle success." 

-“I thought they were mad 
when they first started talking 
about taking it to Broadway". 
Lindsay, says. “Four times I 
was asked to go and four 
■ times l said no. Then came 
the summer, the American 
tourists started flocking in to 
see the show, and night after 
night we got foe same stand- 
ing ovation.' But ft was only 
when I started meeting some 
of them that I realized what 
.was happening. 

“This was the England they 
had come all this way to see 
and they found that in real 
lire it didn’t exist any more. 
Then they came to the 
Adelpbi and there ii was 
Aristocrats with tennis rac- 
quet s on c ountry lawns and a 
little man in a funny pork-pie 
tot saying "wacba mi old 
china. They loved -ft. You 
never know, they might still 
love it when we take it to 

William Greaves 

r ' 



See your 

For the third year running TWA is x _ — 

the official W2TT airline We fly 

to New York twice every day 

from London. See your TWA Main Agent 

Leading the to the USA 




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ward Islam 

The promise of high 

salaries has lured 


many NHS nurses to 

Saudi Arabia, but as 
two of them tell 

Alison Miller, life 

there for foreign 

women can be hell 

Phillipa Smith is 40. In 1983 she 
went to work in Saudi Arabia as 
a staff nurse at a military 
hospital in Jedda. She wanted 
the £1 1 ,500 salary to pay for her 
children’s private education, 
but she rapidly discovered that 
life in the desert kingdom was 
extremely difficult for European 
women, and now feels she was 
exploited by the British nursing 
agency that sent her. 

“At my interview, which was 
extremely professional, I was 
given the impression that I was 
going somewhere quite or- 
ganized and under control, 
where they looked after you 
well No mention was made 
about the Saudi-isation of jobs 
and accommodation, which 
meant subsequently that we 
were thrown out of our villas in 
a sheltered compound and into 
appalling conditions in a former 
Sheraton hotel that had been 

“Now called the A1 Badr 
residence, the former hotel is on 
16 floors but the first three were 
inaccessible because they were 
blocked off for the men to use. 
The food was terrible — it cost 
£4 for a meal — and sewage 
seeped into the restaurant. Of 
400 people staying in the build- 
ing you only ever saw eight or 
12 prepared to eat there. “I- had 
a small room with no daylight 
and mushrooms growing m the 
wardrobe. Immediately op- 
posite was the room of a Saudi 
man who just stared into my 
room all the time. When I 
complained I was told that no 
complaints could be made 
against Saudi nationals of any 
land. I had to move. 

“At first men friends were ' 
allowed to come to our com- 
pound. But the agepcy kept' 
changing the rules. You had to 

‘I found myself 
becoming a 
virtual prisoner’ 

agency gave me no support at 
all. Their attitude to any prob- 
lem was always ‘if you don’t like 
it get out’. Bui that’s not so 
easy. I spent two years and nine 
months there. 1 was able to cope 
only because I had been married 
and am what you might call 
seasoned. But people who are 
* still quite fresh. I just con*: 
know how they don’t crack up." 

Pen friends: a novel twist 
to the success story 

Victims of a veiled society: Phfllipa Smith and Tberese Brown, whose 
dreams of a career abroad turned sour 
meet them in the foyer, then it 
was no meeting men in the 
hotel, you had to meet them 
outside. Then the agency 

wouldn't let you be collected 
outside because the Saudis had 
been complaining. We were 
supposed to meet them around 
the corner — but it was far too 
dangerous to set foot on the 
road. Then the agency told us 
we weren’t allowed to stay out 
overnight unless it was with a 
married couple. It wasn’t as 
though we were having wild 
orgies. We simply stayed over 
for our own security. I found 
myself becoming a virtual pris- 
oner. When off duty all you 
could do was sit in your room 
and smoke. You couldn't cook, 
do housework or even read an 
English. language paper because 
the censors would have been at. 
work. ■ - 

“We weren't told about the 
high cost of living. It cost 50p 
for a litre bottle of water, soap 
was £1, shampoo £3, a very 
ordinary hamburger over £2. I'd 
been led to believe that British 
companies would bail their staff 
out fif they got in a jam. The go- 
ing rate was £5,000 to £10,000 
to get someone oul But two 
male nurses were sexually 
abused in prison because they 
were European and were not 
rescued; the attitude seemed to 
be to leave them there to teach 
the rest of us a lesson. 

“Sometimes we had to travel 
without air conditioning in 
temperatures of 130", which 
meant that once you got to the 
hospital you had to shower and 
change again for work. 

My nursing officer’s attitude 
was that You can make ripples 
but don't make waves'. My 

Therese Brown, who is 32. 
nursed at Riyadh. She found 
one of the main difficulties of 
hospital life was the effect on 
Arab men of European women 
in nursing uniform. “I had one 
patient who touched my 
breasts.1 was appalled at the 
general Saudi altitude that zii 
Western women were pros- 
titutes. “1 worked for a stable 
international organization and I 
thought ! was in good hands. 
But 1 found that I was caught in 
a mostly uncaring armlock of 
international money-making. 

“In the NHS we nurses" are 
naive and gullible. I didn't go 
abroad to be able to buy a 
house. I went because my bed 
sitting room was costing me 
£100 a month for a shower and 
toilet — and my salary- in 1983 
was £5,000. I have always 
worked and have not married.’ I 
have to run a car. So you can 
imagine what the sound of an 
apartment with marble floors 
and a fully fitted kitchen would 
have meant to me. 

“I didn't know women were 
sot allowed to drive, that it 
would cost £10 to £12 an hour 
to hire a car to see anything of 
the country, that women must 
always outnumber men in any 
group, that it would be madness 
to be unaccompanied any- 
where, and that we couldn’t 
even wear Western dress in the 
compound. There was no 
dancing, no stopping - to help if 
you saw an accident for fear that 
you might get caught up and 
land in jail. Some nurses had 
not been paid for six months 
and were trapped — some even 
tried to commit suicide." 

T he question everyone 
asks is: “Bui how can 
(wo people write one 
novel?" The answer is easy. 
They write 40.000 words 
each. The difficult pan was 
Selims (he idea of rwo names 
on the cover. “Oh. we won't 
be able to publicize that", 
said (be experts. “Nobody is 
interested in a book by two 

U hat they meant, we later 
discovered, is that publishers 
believe h is impossible for tiro 
women to write a book togeth- 
er without coming to blows or 

litigation. A kindly telephone 
call from a famous woman 
novelist who had tried it 
herself urged us to call in our 
lawyers and get our individual 
rights legally defined before 
we pur lingers to typewriter. 

We didn’t bother. We had 
agreed to do half the work 
each, take half the money- 
each. and we certainly didn't 
intend sharing those rewards 
with a law* er.And here we are 
with our first novel due out 
tomorrow, another commis- 
sioned and on the way, and we 
are still speaking. 

There were a few cool 
silences and frank exchanges 
on the way and this was 
mainly to do with our differ- 
ent methods of working. I 
noisily consign 12 typewritten 
pages to the waste paper 
basket for every - one thal 
works. Angela sorts out whole 
chapters in her snbeoasrioos 
before committing anything 
to paper. While she is doing 
this she settles on the floor, in 
front of a lire, with The Times 
crossword and endless cops ot 
coffee and, as I'm typing 
furiously, interrupts with: 
“Largest flying mammal in 
five letters with an M in the 
middle? Oh. 1 know. Jumbo.** 

Shirley Lowe tells 

how she teamed up 

with fellow Fleet 

Street journalist 

Angela Ince to write 

a possible best-seller 

Luckily we worked in the 
same place only for the last 
week, as we knitted up the 
plot. For the six months it 
took to write the book we 
stayed prudently apart at 
opposite ends of London, 
occasionally getting on the 
felephone to check if the plot 
was still on course. This 
proied viral as, at one point. 
Angela killed off a character 
in chapter two that I bad 
doing something important in 
chapter 10. 

We acted as each other's 
editors, she taking out my 
punctuation and rude words, 
me slotting semi-colons into 
her long sentences. Those 
were the silent moments and 
if we spoke at all it was with 
cool politeness. 

The advantage of working 
together, though, was that 
whenever I felt I couldn't 
write another sentence or 
motivate a character or come 
to a neat conclusion. Angela 
did it for me. and vice versa. 
“Oh, yon are clever", we kept 
say ing to each other, which is 
more than your average editor 
says when you hand in a 
newspaper article. 

Miraculously the seams 
didn't show, perhaps because 
Angela and I have been 
friends for so long that we're 
inclined to finish each other's 
sentences like an old married 
couple, anyway. 

her way In the top. It sug- 
gests. a shade heroically, 
that nut alt working wives and 
mothers are exhausted saints: 
that some of them are every 
bit as slothful as the old- 
fashioned heroine who used 
to lounge on a chaise longue 
eating chocolates while other 
people did her work for her. 
The only difference is that our 
heroine cats expense account 
lunches instead. 

Some honest ex-colleagues 
recognized themselves. “I 
went quite pink", one of them 

We didn't plan it thal way. 
We didn't plan it at all. We 
just decided to write a book 
together and started by mak- 
ing a list of the hooks we 
didn’t want to write. We 
didn't want to write an epic, 
the kind that starts in Silesia 
in 1840 and ends in New York 
four generations later. We 
didn't want tn write a steam- 
ing sex saga. Our characters 
spend more time slaking their 
appetites in restaurants than 
in beds. 

We wanted to write a funny, 
truthful book about now: the 
sort thal American women 
novelists do so well but that 
rarely appear with an English 
accent. It turned out that we'd 
written “a deliciously winy 
satire on life in the fast lane" 
as a publisher put it. We were 
pleased with that. 

On one memorable occa- 
sion she yawned and said: 
“I'm going upstairs to have a 
rest now. Wake roe op in time 
for the Budget on television.*' 
I could have killed her. In 
fact, as I was dropping off to 
sleep around midnight, I 
could bear Angela revving up 
the typewriter and on the 
following morning found that 
she had achieved the same 
number of words as I'd pro- 
duced all dav. 

O ur agent and our pub- 
lisher both swore they 
couldn't tell who had 
written what and it was very 
satisfying to be 'phoned by a 
friend saying: “I know you 
wrote that marvellous bit 
about the dinner party. It was 
so funny. I could just hear you 
saying it." “Thank you". I 
said modestly. And, of course, 
Angela had written it. 

The book is about a woman 
journalist who manipulates 

W riting a novel is. we 
always hear, a lonely 
occupation. Doing it 
with someone else may have 
its irritations (“Oh. all' right. 
I’ll take out that feeble joke 
on page 173") but it certainly 
isn't lonely. A co-writer is 
happy to discuss plot and 
characterization in detail and 
throw in helpful advice. A co- 
writer is as fascinated by 
what you've just written as 
you are yourself. More. She 
begs you to read it out loud 
and, when you've finished, 
says gratefully: "Oh. that's 
wonderful'*, because she 
knows it's another 1.000 
words she won't have to write. 

Losing Control, hr 
Shirley Lour and Angela 
Ina\ is published 
tomorrow I>y Macdonald at 
£ii. 95. 

::k-. •:••• 


Dos and don’ts for nurses who want to work abroad — 

There Is some hope that such stories 
as PhSIipa's and Therese’s win not 
recur. The Rnjsl College of Nursing 
is revising its advice, bringing 
members (£45 a year) mere up to 
date with current working condi- 
tions in Saadi Arabia. 

The country, which was until 
recently the most popular foreign 
employer for British health workers, 
has lost its attraction not simply 
because of an increased sense of 
restriction among nurses but be- 
cause currency movements are now 
haring an adverse effect an the value 
of salaries paid to foreigners. The 
Saudi Government has also intro- 
duced taxes on what were prerioasly- 
maderstood to bejax-free e arnin gs. 
Where once a staff nurse picked op 
£1 1,500 compared with- about 
£44106 in the health service, and 
conM benefit by sometimes as ranch 
as 100 per cent from favourable 
currency fluctuations, today the gap 
between British and Saudi salaries 
has considerably narrowed. - 
Shelagh Murphy, head of the 

rag, speak to Arab women unless 
you have been introduced, show the 
soles of your feet, point a finger, 
write or say anything derogatory 
about the country’s religion, people 
or customs." 

Shelagh Morphy trying to 
persuade the Saadi Embassy in 
London to give more information to 
nurses before they accept jobs. She 
wants applicants to be interviewed 
by nurses who know the hospitals, 
and more information to be given 
about what will be expected of them, 
and what they might expect in terms 
of accommodation and recreational 
fatalities before depature. 

- — Hi-tech in a Riyadh hospital, but nursing morale can be low - — 

Royal College’s international divi- 
sion, emphasizes tint many nnrses 
are nnprepared for the great cnltand 
and social differences m a Muslim 
country Jn practical terms it means 
no driving, no one-to-one dates,' 
single sex compounds and in certain 
cases sexual harassment It is not 

considered a suitable job for ntnses 
under 25, particularly in view of the 
difficulty of resuming a career in 
Britain, at ' an appropriate level, 
because of staffing cuts. 

The advice of tbe Royal College to 
Burses who do deride to go is: “Don’t 
discuss religion, step on a prayer 

But her efforts to bridge the gap 
between the demands of European 
nurses to know what they are letting 
themselves in for and the Saudis’ 
traditional approach may be too late 
for that country 's reputation as an 
employer. A quick survey of nursing 
agencies last week indicated that 
Saudi Arabia is going oct of fashion; 
most British nnrses seeking a career 
abroad are looking to Australia. 

.Shoulder to shouWenpabiishia^ partners Angela Ince (left) and Shirley Lowe 

Sweet crumbs of comfort for the doctor’s dilemma 

Tb dear our showrooms we 

30% - 40 % off Bui hurry ip for the best choice? 

MJMH 25 K 


~ <fl “JLE£S?^S8^ 

Of puddings and such. Doctor 
William Kitchener, whose 
best selling Cook's Oracle was 
published in 1804, is said to 
have said “It is true, that your 
mere cook and no gentleman, 
underrates confectionery as an 
edulcorated bauble; but let me 
ask if any dinner is complete 
as to three fifths of its propri- 
ety, without the supervention 
of that delightful an?" 

“Gunter, my friend", said 
the good doctor, “for the 
benefit of mankind, you ought 
to write a book on confection- 
ery as a companion to mine on 
the art of cooking". William 
Gunter needed no more en- 
couragement, and in 1830 the 
frontispiece of Gunter's 
Confectioner’s Oracle an- 
nounced “recipes for desserts 
on the most economical plan 
for private families and all 
founded on tbe actual experi- 
ments of thirty years". 

Cakes and ices had been the 
foundation stone of the family 
fortunes laid at tbe sign of the 
Pot and the Pineapple in 
Berkeley Square in, 1786. 
‘Queen Victoria's wedding and 
jubilee cakes were conspicu- 
ous commissions. In this cen- 
tury it was to Gunter's tea 
shops that lucky schoolboys 
were taken for that last tea of 
the holidays; 

But the teashops closed in 
the 1950s and the once grand 
firm of Gunter's faded from 
public view. 

. With a takeover came re- . 
vival, and to celebrate tbe 
bicentenary, Payne & Gunter, 
now based at British Grove, 
London W4 2NJUhas added to 

its other services (hospitality 
catering at sporting events 
such as Henley Royal Regatta) 
a series of five banquets, each 
with a historical theme and 
menu of dishes current in the 
era celebrated. 

In the heyday of (he 
teashops, Gunter’s brown 
bread ice cream was famous, 
but that recipe, like many of 
the farm’s records and memo- 
rabilia, has been lost. William 
Gunter’s ices usually began 
with 13 egg yolks and one and 
three quarter pints of cream. 
This modem brown bread ice 
cream is easy and rich. It 
needs no stirring as it freezes. 
The candied crumbs are a 
kind of poor man’s praline, 
very good in its own right. 


ere indeed. *A little more fat 
makes a much more accept- 
able biscuit. 

Thin Captains 
Makes about 24 

225g (8oz) plain flour 



55g (2QZ) butter, chiflefl 

40g (iy?oz) arrowroot 

named after Dr John 
Abemetby, chief surgeon St 
Bartholomew's Hospital in 
London. He is said to have 
been in the habit of ordering 
ordinary captain's biscuits 
when lunching near the hospi- 
tal at a baker's shop run by 
John CaldwelL One day the 
great surgeon suggested add- 

Brown bread ice cream 
Serves four 

55g(2oz) fresh wholemeal 

1 tog (402) sugar 

300ml (%pt) double cream 
1 tablespoon brandy 

6-8 tabtespoons cold water 
to mix 

mg sugar and caraway seeds. 
' i Cali 

Robust, crumbly wholemeal 
bread is the best kind to use 
for this recipe. Spread the 
crumbs on a tray and mast or 
bake them until they are crisp 
and brown. Eight to 10 min- 
utes in a moderately hot oven 
(20ffC/40<rF. gas mark 6) is 
about right. 

Put die sugar m a pan with 
Six tablespoons of water and 
heat slowly until the sugar has 
dissolved completely. Boil the 
syrup to a light caramel then 
stir in the toasted crumbs. 
Quickly turn the mixture on to 

an oiled surface and cool 
Finely crash and sieve the 
candied crumbs using a coffee 
grinder or pestle and mortar. 
Whisk the cream until ii bolds 
soft peaks then fold in the 
brandy and crumb mixture. 

Turn the cream into a flat 
plastic box or metal freezer 
tray, cover and freeze the ice 
without stirring until it is firm. 

In addition to The 
Confectioner's Oracle which 
he wrote for publication, Wil- 
liam Gunter also kept a note- 
book of recipes for his own 

use. It contains the only 
formula I have seen for Thin 

Captains, very plain biscuits 
to serve with cheese which 
went out of commercial pro- 
duction about ten years ago. 

His notes are decidedly 
scanty **3Ib flour, rub in 3az 
butter, make your bay, put in 
'Alb arrowroot, put water." He 
does not mention salt, a little 
of which is essential, size or 
baking times. Followed exact- 
ly, William Gunter's Thin 
Captains are very plain crack- . 

Sift the dour and salt into a 
bowl, add the diced butter and 
rub in with the fingertips until 
the mixture resembles fine 

Make a well in the centre, 
and add the arrowrooL Grad- 
ually add cold water, stirring it 
in with a knife to form a firm 
dough. Gather the dough into 
a ball knead it lightly, and 
transfer it to a lightly floured 

Allow the dough to rest, 
covered, for about 10 minutes, 
then roll the dough out thinly 
to a thickness of 3mm (ftinch) 
or less and prick ft all over 
with a fork. Use a 9cm 
(3ftiuch) round cutter to 
stamp out the biscuits and 
transfer them to a tightly 
buttered baking shea. 

Bake the crackers in a 
preheated moderate oven 
( 1 80“C/350“F, gas mark 4) for 
about 20 minutes, or until 
they are lightly coloured. Cool 
the Thin Captains on a wire 
rack and store in an airtight 

On the same page of Wil- 
liam Gunter's notebook is a 
recipe for Abernethy Biscuits,. 

John Caldwell obliged and 
called the result Abernethy 
biscuits. This is F. Marian 
McNeill’s version of the story 
and of the biscuits which go 
well with cheese. They are also 
excellent made with 
wholewheat flour. 

Abernethy biscuits 

Makes about 24 

225g(Soz) plain flour 

85g(3oz) chilled butter 

35g(3oz) sugar 

%tsp baking powder 

Up to a teaspoon caraway 


3-4 tablespoons milk 

Rub the butter into the flour, 
add the sugar, baking powder 
and caraway seeds. Beat an egg 
well and pour it into the dry 
ingredients with miik. 

Mix thoroughly, and turn 
the paste on to a floured 
board. Roll out thinly, cut into 
rounds, place on a greased 
baking tin and bake in a 
preheated moderate oven 
(180°C/35CTF, gas mark 4). 
The biscuits will be lightly 
coloured after IS to 20 min- 
utes, and will crisp as they cool 
on a wire rack. 





w 1 



\ a* 


Paper bag 

Ayew after Arthur Scargill adrait- 
jed defeawhe normally retiring 
National Coal Board chairman 
lan MacGregor is to write his 
5®™°^ 7 for more than 
£100,000. Most of it will, I 
understand, concern the dispute: 
his relations with government 
numstere, the disputes with NCB 
men Ned Smith and Michael 
Eaton, and the use of tactics 
learned during his years in ‘Amer- 
ica. Clearly not naturally a man of 
words, MacGregor has picked 
journalist Rod Tyler to ghost the 
work.. * 1 did a couple of 
interviews with him during the 
strike which he quite liked, and 
then met him again last year 
almost by accident,” Tyler tells 
me. In an auction yesterday 
morning, no fewer than four 
publishing houses stayed in the 
bidding as the price soared into six 
figures. The prize was finally 
wrested by Collins. By lunchtime, 
however, MacGregor was back to 
his old ways: refusing to comment 
on his windfall. 

Dialling Dalyell 

Junior Foreign Office minister 
Tim Eggar may now have con- 
descended to invite the visiting 
Argentine politicians for a chat but 
the delegation. I’m told, is Ear 
keener on meeting a humble 
Labour backbencher. Tam Dal- 
yell, apparently, is about a million 
times better known in Buenos 1 
Aires than either Eggar or his boss. 
Baroness Young, the minister who 
holds the Argentine brief but is 
keeping aloof from Eggar’s olive 

Down under pat 

Meanwhile. I hereby appoint Tim 
Eggar minister for Elegant Vari- 
ation for the way he moved the the 
Australia Bill this month. Oppo- 
sition MPs noticed that his speech 
bore an uncanny resemblance to 
that of Baroness Young in the 
Lords two weeks before. “Rela- 
tions between Australia and the 
United Kingdom arc of the great- 
est importance.** began Lady 
Young; “Our relations with 
Australia are of the greatest im- 
portance to this country" opened 
Eggar. And so he continued, 
copying Lady Young verbatim at 
the end for 60 words. The Foreign 
Office yesterday saw nothing 
funny in all this. “Is there a law 
against it or something?" asked a 

• Latest Tory wet argot for 
MrsThatchen Mama Doc And 
her press secretary Bernard 
Ingham? Head of the Tontoo 
Macoutes, of course. 


Forget Westland: the Government 
could soon grind to a halt for a far 
more serious reason. Because of 
spending cuts Treasuty civil ser- 
vants no longer have messengers 
to serve them tea and, like lesser 
mortals, are having to make do 
with machine char 

No lessens 

Parents will be interested to know 
that London teachers taking part 
in industrial action have yet to 
lose a single penny from their pay 
packets. Although some inner 
London teachers have been away 
•for a total of a month since last 
September, and despite keeping 
meticulous notes of who goes on 
strike and when, the Inner London 
Education Authority continues to 
pay salaries in fulL There is. in 
fact, no legal obligation on ILEA 
to dock striking, teachers’ pay. “If 
that's what the ILEA is choosing 
to do to teachers who disrupt the 
svstem, it's up to them." said an 
official at the Education Depart- 
ment. ILEA, meanwhile is 
responding true to form by setting 
up a special unit 


Tax: don’t pick on petrol 

•We're thinking of holding an event 
for British actors oat of work’ 

Rhodes lobby 

Dismayed by the Cabinet shift of 
balance to the wets after the recent 
resignations, Tory right-wingers 
are mounting a vigorous action to 
prevent the distinctly damp Chris 
Patten succeeding Sir Keith Jo- 
seph. who is expected to stand 
down as Education Secretary 
when the teachers’ pay strike is 
settled. At a meeting of the 
hardline Black Hand group of 
MPs, it was decided that former 
headmaster Rhodes Boyson 
should be pushed for the job (a 
hint promptly taken up by Boyson 
himself at the weekend). The 
campaign got under way at PM's 
Question Time when Liberal 
Clement Freud urged that Joseph 
be replaced; several Black 
Handers on the backbenches re- 
sponded by quietly chanting 
Boyson’s name. 


Siren voices have suggested that 
Nigel Lawson should recoup his 
lost oil revenue by pumping up 
petrol tax. This is a temptation he 
should resist. f 

A fail in oil prices transfers 
resources from the Exchequer to 
consumers. It is argued, therefore, 
that Lawson should daw back a 
little rather than trim his plans 
for income lax cuts. The tempta- 
tion is strong, because a little more 
petrol tax yields a lot of revenue. 

Every penny on the price of a 
gallon brings in £55 million a year, 
add lp on diesel fuel, Derv, and 
the yield rises to £70 million. A 
modest 5p rise in petrol duty, in 
line with general inflation, is 
already built into the Treasury’s 
calculations of a “neutral" Budget 
Suppose, instead, that petrol tax 
were to be increased by 20p, with 
an equivalent rise in Derv, that 
would yield the Chancellor rather 
more than an extra £1 billion. 
That would be enough to finance a 
£150 rise in all the main income 
tax allowances, or shave 1 p off the 
basic rate of income tax. 

But this argument does not bear 
close investigation. Lawson's pur- 


With the general election only a 
month away, one particular ques- 
tion is exercising French minds: 
who will be responsible for foreign 
policy if, as the opinion polls 
firmly predict, victory goes to the 

For the past 27 years it has 
always been the president who has 
spoken for France at international 
summits. Will Fiance be repre- 
sented in future both by the new 
right-wing prime minister and the 
present Socialist president, who 
will still have two years to serve? 
Is it possible for a country to retain 
its credibility abroad if it speaks 
with two, possibly discordant, 

Under the constitution of the 
Fifth Republic, the division of 
responsibility for foreign policy 
and the closely related field of 
defence is not clear. Die president 
is described as “the guarantor of 
national independence and terri- 
torial integrity” and oommander- 
in-chief ofthe armed forces. But it 
is the prime minister who is 
“responsible for defence”. The 
president negotiates and ratifies 
international treaties, but the 
prime minister’s counter-signa- 
ture is also necessary for ratifica- 
tion. The president accredits 
ambassadors and foreign envoys, 
but the prime minister’s counter- 
signature is required. 

Francois Mitterrand has always 
had a passion for foreign policy. 
As a young deputy in the 1950s he 
talked ardently about the con- 
struction of Europe and the im- 
portance of creating a Paris-Boon 
axis. As leader of the Socialist 
Party in opposition he toured the 
world, meeting foreign leaders. 
When he achieved power in 1981 
he was already well known inter- 

Shortly before the 1974 pres- 
idential election he is reported to 
have said: “If elected, Giscard will 
be capable of grand acts. If I am 
elected, I will change the course of 
things and the life of the men of 
my lime." Now, more than ever, 
that is important for him. 

Significantly, Mitterrand has 

t 'ust published a collection of 25 of 
lis speeches on foreign affairs 
over the past five years, preceded 
by a 1 35-page introduction. It is an 
elegant and enlightening lour 
d'horizon of the world scene in 
which his total domination of 
French foreign policy clearly 
emerges without ever needing to 
be explicitly stated. 

Commenting on the book, Jac- 
ques Amalric, diplomatic cor- 
respondent of Le Monde, wrote 
earlier this month: “Like de 
Gaulle, Mitterrand wants to give 
us the image of a roan alone, 
infallible, united to the ’sovereign 
people' . . . it is the tone of the 
text, much more than the content, 
which is without surprises, which 
will make people grind their teeth. 

“All the ingredients of Mitt- 
errand iau ‘voluntarism’ are there; 
the good and the' bad; the balance 
between arrogance and condescen- 
sion; the total rejection of any 
doubt; the multiplicity of well- 
turned phrases; the bombast tem- 
pered by an art of exposition and 
pedagogy, rarely encountered in 
writings on so dry a subject; the 
carefully premeditated provoca- 
tions. and also the strong 

In the opening sentences of the 
book, Mitterrand sets out the “few 

by Sarah Hogg 

pose in cutting taxes is, after all, 
simply to band back purchasing 
power to private individuals. That 
is an aim that could naturally be 
achieved by a fall in energy costs, 
without the intervention ofgov- 
emmenL Admittedly, the Chan- 
cellor wants to cut income lax, 
while a fell in oil prices is more 
like a cut in spending taxes. But if 
be is truly bothered about the 
balance between the two types of 
taxation he could finance lower 
income taxes by raising spending 
taxes across the board. He could 
raise £675 million (or nearly 
£1 billion in a full year) simply by 
adding i per cent to VAT. 

This is an unlikely option 
because it would plainly add to 
prices, slowing the fell in inflation. 
So, however, would an increase in 
petrol tax, which would prevent 
the full benefits of lower energy 
costs feeding through to the retail 
price index. 

But the Chancellor is actually 
being encouraged to slow the fen 
in oil prices for fear that it will 

turn us back into gas-guzzlers 
when we have barely learnt the 
meaning of energy conservation. 
Oil prices may well bounce back as 
stocks are run down; official 
forecasts anyway assume they will 
rise in the next decade. A 
“conservation tax” levy on petrol 
would meanwhile keep us on the 
straight and narrow path of en- 


This argument, however, fits 
singularly ill with the govern- 
ment’s philosophy. Tbe theme of 
Lawson’s own rhetoric is that 
governments are not very good at 
these kind of forecasts and should 
certainly not manipulate markets 
on the strength of them. If he were 
to change his tune, he would face 
some awkward questions. If gov- 
ernments should intervene to fix 
the price of energy, why not other 
prices? Why not wages, for that 

In the end, the argument boils . 
down to the sneaking hope that 
there just might be a tree political 
lunch to be extracted from the oil 

Diana Geddes outlines the 
foreign policy split that could 
follow the March elections 

Can a double 
act speak 
for France? 

simple ideas” around which he 
considers French foreign policy to 
be organized and which he be- 
lieves to have majority support: 
national independence; a world 
balance of military forces; the 
construction of Europe; the right 
of peoples to self-determination; 
Third World development. 
Through the pages comes a deep 
love of France marked by an 
overriding concern with its great- 
ness and independence. 

There is little with which his 
opponents could legitimately qua- 
rrel, but with an election im- 
minent the two main opposition 
parties, the Gaullist RPR and the 
centre-right UDF, lambast the 
Socialists for“ideologicaJ prej- 
udices and a multiplicity of dis- 
organized initiatives (which) have 
contributed to the removal of our 
country from the international 
scene and to the undermining of 
its moral authority.” 

The government is also accused 
of having “broken the defence 
effort with the following results: 

uncertain developments in the 
nudear field; a disorganized and 
worried army; a question mark 
over the future of the navy; and an 
inadequate air force”. 

But opposition policies look 
remarkably' similar to what the 
Socialists are proposing: streng- 
thening the domestic economy in 
order to strengthen France's po- 
sition abroad; the defence of 
individual liberties and human 
rights; dose relations with the US 
within the Atlantic alliance; vigi- 
lance and firmness toward Mos- 
cow; the construction of a strong 
Europe based on the Franco- 
German partnership; strengthen- 
ing France’s nuclear deterrent, and 
modernizing its conventional 

The main point of disagreement 
is over French partidpation in the 
American strategic defence initia- 
tive — “Star Wars". Mitterrand 
devotes a large chunk ( 1 6 pages) of 
the introduction to his book to 
anexplanaiion of Socialist antipa- 
thy to the project, arguing that 

markets. Since the fell in the price 
of crude has not yet fed through to ! 
retail prices, the Chancellor might < 
be able to raid the petrol user and j 
still be thanked for reluming the j 
loot in income tax cuts. 

Even this overtly political argu- 
ment is naive. A sharp rise in 
petrol tax would give oil compa- 
nies tbe perfect excuse to slow the 
fell in petrol prices, or even 
conspire to put them up again, so i 
that the government would earn ; 
the discredit for far more than it 1 
imposed in extra taxes. Today's 
House of Commons is not in a 
mood to turn a blind eye to 
government sleight-of-hand. Nor 
is it sufficiently keen on income 
tax cuts to appreciate tbe swap of 
dearer petrol for higher take-home 

Finally, such a Budget measure . 
would display a quite unnecessary i 
impatience. The strangest quirk of | 
fete is that lower oil prices, while j 
leaving, the Chancellor short of 
largesse to distribute in 1986, 
actually enlarges his opportunity 
to cut tax the following year. And 
that, after.all, will be much closer 
to the next general election. 

while it was unlikely to strengthen 
either French or European se- 
curity in the foreseeable future, it 
was certain to provoke a new arms 
race and in balance of forces. ! 

The French right is firmly in 
favour of Erench participation. 
Jacques Chirac, the RPR leader, 
said recently that he was “deeply 
shocked at the government's ir- 
responsible attitude towards ! 
SDL” SD1 would go ahead i 
whether France liked it or not; the : 
only question was whether France I 
would remain on the sidelines or , 
take part It is not dear,' however, 
what form of partidpation the 1 
opposition envisages. 

Meanwhile the present govern- 
ment appears to have softened its 
position by coming out in favour 
of individual French companies 
taking part in SDI research. So 
here again, a head-on dash be- , 
tween a new right-wing govern- 
ment and President Mitterrand 
could be avoided. Much will 
depend on the willingness of both 
sides to come to an amicable 
understanding in the interests of a 
peaceful “cohabitation”. 

The constitution leaves one 
trump card, in the form of a decree 
of 1964 which gives the president 
sole control over France's nuclear 
' deterrent Obviously, it is argued, . 
that control would be rendered 
meaningless unless the president 
also bad responsibility for the i 
dedsions related to its use in (he 
field of foreign and defence policy, 
particularly East-West relations. 

But by no means everyone 
agrees. Ex-president Giscard 
d r Estaing, for example, argues 
that faced with a hostile majority 
in parliament during an inter- 
national crisis that appeared to 
warrant the use of nuclear weap- 
ons, the president would be de- 
prived of virtually all powers save 
that of dissolving parliament and 
pressing the button. 

Although the opinion polls con- 
tinue to show a solid majority 
intending to vote for the right, 
they also show a smaller majority 
believing that the centre of power 
should remain with the president, 
and not the prime minister, in the 
event of a right-wing victory. 

“France is still basically a 
kingdom,” a former French for- 
eign minister explained. “People 
tend to forget that this country has 
been a republic for only just over 
100 years. All the people's gut 
reactions are royalist The presi- 
dent is king, and the French would 
hate to behead a king. Even if they 
do not like him, he remains the 
king until he goes away. They will 
not want their lung to be humili- 
ated by being stripped of ail 

If Chirac, who is considered, 
most likely to be the next prime 
minister, wishes to avoid a 
constitutional clash, he would 
probably be wise to leave the 
broad sweep of foreign affairs to 
Mitterrand If, on the other hand 
Mitterrand also wishes to avoid a 
clash, he would do well to avoid 
taking controversial unilateral de- 
cisions such as welcoming General 
Janisetski of Poland to the 0ys6e 
Palace last year without even 
bothering to discuss the visit with 
his prime minister. 

The two men must be seen to be 
working with the full confidence 
and trust of the other, otherwise 
France's voice abroad can only be 

Making Britain aware of its warts 

As I came away from New 
Society's offices on my last day as 
editor, it was like going out into 
the Third World Westminster 
City Council's pavements were 
broken. In Leicester Square the 
expensive cast-iron repro bollards 
only show up the squalor of their 

In the Underground, refugees 
from down-and-out hostels and 
mental hospitals lie around. At the 
foot of the escalator a man with a 
broken nose and a braised face sits 
cross-legged, begging. On the plat- 
form we wait 25 minutes for a 
train — there has been a signals 
failure. When I reach my stop the 
lifts arc out of order. Of course. 

Is this the “new society” people 
had in mind when the magazine 
was founded almost a quarter 
century ago in 1962? In the later 
1950s Professor J. K. Galbraith 
had been deriding a world of 
private affluence and public squa- 
lor. Everyone in the Wes: is now 
better off than when be wrote. Yet 
where there were “slums", now 
there is “inner city” The search 
for euphemism is constant. 

So is the discrepancy between 
rich and poor. And more com- 
plex, there is the discrepancy 
between the double-glazed lounge 
with its television and the streets 

full of litter or the parks spotted 
with dog excremenL 

The hardest thing, always, is to 
grasp what is actually going on in 
the world around us. Most of the 
time we live in a muddle of hope 
and fear, dream and nostalgia. 
Over the years New Society tried 
to cut through that to the social 
reality. We always had the stance 
of an outsider. 

To keep a distance has been 
useful We avoided political and 
literary gossip (leaving that to the 
older weeklies). In particular we 
were not caught up in the system 
of lobby briefings — now so 
vividly conducted by my near- 
contemporary at Hebden Bridge 
Grammar School, Bernard 

In 1976 an unexpected guest 
came into the editorial office, 
carrying copies of cabinet min- 
utes. They revealed how the then 
Labour government was thinking 
of ratting on its commitment to 
bring in child benefiL Frank Field 
wrote the story, we published iL 
The commitment was honoured 

U was one of the first skirmishes 
in the battle for a Freedom of 
Information Act: the current draft 
bill derives from a study group set 
up after our leak. But as a 
distinguished lobby correspon- 
dent told me afterwards, be would 

never have been able to touch the 
story himself. It would have put 
his lobby briefings at risk. 

A magazine stands or fells by its 
information and its writers. We 
established a network of academ- 
ics who could weld together 
research and observation about 
current problems. Conruscating 
alongside these were such contrib- 
utors as Angela Carter, John 
Berger, Colin Machines. We gave 
E. P. Thompson a platform when 
he was denied one elsewhere. Our 
critics - Peter Fuller on painting, 
Michael Wood on the cinema, 
John Lahr on the theatre — always 
saw that the arts could not be 
separated from society. 

Much has changed in that 
society since the magazine was 
launched, as a very risky venture, 
by Timothy Raison and his father. 
Radical but humane; hopeful but 
rationak have these become adjec- 
tives now impossible to cling to? 
At many times in the past two 
decades we have beard almost 
nothing but the sound of rival 
dogmas dashing like the armies of 
the mghL An Orwellian sense of 
decency among ordinary people 
remains, however. 

1 his is what we have to cling to, 
rather than the militancies of the 
party theologians. All the virtues 
are nonconformist ones. The big 

question now is how to shift that 
sense of decency into the public 
world. It cannot just remain 
closeted in the private world of 
family and friends. ' ! 

In our schools, teachers have j 
bickered for a year over their pay. ; 
Almost all our public services are 
unspeakably grubby. Officials bide 
their time during the day to nip off 
to do their second job.The British 
think of themselves increasingly 
as consumers rather than produc- 
ers; we are far, far better at 
retailing than making ships. 

Privatization is a political and 
financial ploy built on this percep- 
tion. It creates so little public stir 
because hardly anyone now says, 
“who shall . British Gas belong 
to?'. They ask “what has British 
Gas (or British Telecom) ever 
done for mdT' 

We need to know ourselves, if 
we are ever to know what to do 
next The present government has 
often seen the massaging, or even 
non-collection, of statistics as one 
way to dodge hazards. Yet there is 
never a case for ignorance. As New 
Society has always tried to do, we 
must attempt to look at the world 
again through un tinted spectacles. 

Paul Barker 

The author \\ct\ editor of New 
Society from /WW, 

Roger Liddle 

The true face 
of Fulham 

Tbe press had already christened 
Fulham the “yuppie” by-election 
well before I was told that I had 
been selected as the prospective 
SDP/Liberal Alliance candidate. 
So the first few hours enjoying my 
new-found status were spent 
worrying about what exactly a 
yuppie was, and whether, by any 
stretch of the . imagination, I so 

Should we invite American 
senator Gary Hart — remember, 
be . was the yuppie Democrat 
seeking the 1984 presidential elec- 
tion - to come over for the 
campaign? He might offer a 
definitive description of this elu- 
sive being and perhaps 1 could 
borrow a few of his “new ideas” 
which are supposed to have such 
election-winning appeal to the 
yuppie class. But that would be 
carrying my love of America to 

So, in search of the mysterious 
common identity, I rifled my 
drawers for the odd Liberty tie. 
Also I remembered that, unlike 
the last campaign I fought, a 
downbeat Euro election in British 
Ley land-dominated Oxford, our 
Volkswagen GD might come in 
handy. Then I paused for breath in 
all the excitement, and it suddenly 
struck me that the “yuppie” 
analysis had got Fulham com- 
pletely wrong. 

The key to the result in Fulham 
is not whether the Alliance can 
win over substantial numbers of 
middle-class voters from the 
Conservatives. I only had to 
knock on about six doors in a 
smart street near Parsons Green 
before I concluded that there will 
be little difficulty in that direction. 
People are worried about whether 
the present government approach 
has struck the right balance. There 
is increasing concern about the 
dangers of a sharp swing to a far- 
left Labour government as the era 
of Thatcherism draws to a close 
and our voting system remains 

Tbe big battle at Fulham is over 
how many votes the Alliance can 
win from Labour on the council 
estates which comprise more than 
a third of the constituency. This is 
the key to an Alliance victory. If 
Labour can. consolidate its tra- 
I ditional support, that might be 
enough to ensure hs victory. 
Imagine my delight, therefore, 
when I discovered that as in 
Lambeth, the Labour vote, far 
from consolidating, is ripe for 

Fulham was once a strong 
Labour area. Part of the present 
constituency was represented 
continuously from 1945 to 1979 
by Michael Stewart, Labour's 
foreign secretary in the 1960s. In a 
settled working-class community 
memories of such distinguished 
service take time to fade. 

One of the largest housing 
estates is called the Gem Attlee, 
with each block named after 
various members of post-war 
Labour cabinets. I brushed a tear 
from my eye as I had my 
photograph taken outside Hugh 
Gaitskell House. I have already 
repeated to sympathetic listeners 

on the doorstep hundreds of times 
over that Labour is no longer the 
party of Attlee, Jim Callaghan and 
Denis Healey but the party of Ted 
Knight, Arthur Scargill and Benue 

Some time ago part of the old . ‘ 
Barons Court constituency was 
amalgamated with Fulham. Bar- 
ons Court was a fiercely-contested, 
two-party marginal. The Mar- 
gravine ward surrounding the new 
Charing Cross Hospital once 
boasted 1,000 Labour party mem- 
bers. Now. 1 am authoritatively 
tokL there are 59. 

On the housing estates loyalty to 
Labour is only skindeep. Manv 
turned to Mrs Thatcher in 1979 

and again in 1983, but the “broken 

promises" and the view that the 
government is “all over the place 
often leads on to the promise that 
“we're going to give you lot 3 go 
this time”. 

Among the majority who stayed r ( 
Labour in the two previous elec- 
tions, the commitment to Kin- 
nock and his colleagues is as firm 
as a jellyfish — Labour out of 
habit, not enthusiasm and convic- 
tion, with many promises to think 
seriously about voting SDP when 
the time comes. The common 
refrain is “Labour's not as strong 
as it used to be” and I have been 
told scores of times that Labour 
spends all Hs time and energy 
fighting within itself and not the 

Working people are beginning 
to understand that Labour is not 
offering them the representation 
l bey deserve. In Parliament it is 
ineffective; and most trade unions 
cannot face the future boldly 
because their leaders are unrepre- 
sentative and unimaginative. « , 

Readers may well ask: if there is * 
such deep unease with Labour as I 
say, why is it still seriously in 
contention? Why isn't the Alliance 
riding high at over 40 per cent in 
the national polls and Labour 
down in the twenties? The answer 
is that the working-dass districts 
of Fulham are -typical of much of 
the country. To tbe Alliance they 
are virtually virgin territory. 

David Owen and David Steel 
‘ make an impact on television, but, 
except where small bands of 
dedicated activists have pursued 
“community politics" with re- 
ligious fervour, the Alliance has 
not hitherto been seen as a real 
choice. Without a big effort it is 
difficult in normal political 
circumstances to break through 
. the established Labour networks 4 
of local councillors, tenants 
associations and community cen- 
tres which often set the tone, 
especially where this creaking 
machinery is greased by generous 
grams from the GLC and other 
left-wing councils. Labour in Lon- 
don today depends in about equal 
proportions on Tammany Hall 
and Trotsky. 

By-dections give us a unique 
opportunity to get our message 
across. Hundreds of Alliance 
workers flooding in removes tbe 
handicaps we normally face in 
winning working-class support. 
Come to Fulham and see the 
Labour vote crumble. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Treasure trove 
of trivia 

Fact Mrs Jeeraswami's hot curry 
essence (of Madras Ltd) is the 
strongest known sauce in the 
world One drop placed in the 
River Ganges can kill swimmers 
up to 50 miles away. 

Fact A Belgian genealogist cal- 
culated in 1905 that if Queen 
Victoria bad lived another nine 
years, everyone in Europe would 
have been descended from her. 
Fact The Sumatran marsh 
bunting is the only bird in the 
world known to cough — and 
always puts its wing in front of its 
beak as it does so. 

Fact No American president has 
ever been assassinated before 
being sworn in. 

Ail these feels, and 49,000,000 
more like them, are to be found in 
a new 29-volume work, the 
Encyclopaedia Fantastica. The 
first reference work in the world 
devoted entirely to useless know- 
ledge. it is being published 
simultaneously by Moreover 
Publications as a hardback, a 
floppy disk and a board game. 

Lord Moreover, our founder 
and prime mover of the scheme, 
has this to say: “The modern 
world seems to be drowning in 
quiz games and trivial pursuits 
and mastermind rounds aftd 
heaven knows what. You can do 
one of two things about il You 
can try and fight it, or you can try 
and make a packet out of iL 
Anyone who knows me will not be 
surprised to hear that l have opted 
for the latter. Did you know, by 
the way, that if you took all the 
Georgian buildings away from 
Bath, it would be the ugliest city in 
the world? Fascinating, eh?” 

This is the first ever encyclo- 
paedia which is also a game. Plug 
it into your office memory bonk 
and you can then play any other 
office in the world, in the middle 
of the night if necessary, because 
the encyclopaedia not only an- 
swers the questions, it also sets 
them! No humans need be in- 
volved at all. 

Fad: The reason that communism 
is now doing so badly in Gbad is 
that Gorbachov is an obscene 
word in a local dialect. 

Fact: More than 99 per cent of tbe 
Valentine messages printed in 
newspapers are not read by the 

people for whom they are in- 
tended, only by outsiders. 

Fact In 1947 Sidney Schwanz of 
Kansas City swam from one end 
ofthe Panama Canal to the other, 
thus becoming (a) the first man to 
swim several hundred yards up- 
hill, and (b) the first man to cross a 
continent wearing only under- 

Fact More than 4,000 sheep in 
New Zealand had sex change 
operations last year, but only two 
chose to become rams; the rest 
opted to become ewes, probably a 
reaction to New Zealand's heavily ' 
male-dominated society. 

There are 48.999,996 similar 
facts in the Encyclopaedia 
Fantastica, tbe new bible of 
uselessness. The entire work has 
been sifted by computer to get rid 
of useful facts which might have 
strayed in. There was an entry, for 
example, recording that in tbe 
Pacific Islands Telephone Direc- 
tory there are 12 people named 
Philips Screwdriver. We thought 
that might be useful to somebody, 
so we reluctantly knocked it ouL 

“This monument of irrelevance 
could in feet be very useful,” 
opines Lord Moreover. “After all, 
the power struggle between 0 
Guinness and Argyll could easily 
have been settled cheaply if they 
had just sat down and played a 
game of Fantastica, winner to 
Distillers. It’s as sensible as any 
other method devised to govern 
takeovers. And if cabinet meetings 
were devoted to sessions of 
Fantastica. we wouldn't have had 
. all this Westland nonsense.” 

Fact: Hie most delinquent fish in 
the world is the Bubble Gum Bass 
of Australia. It hangs around oflj • 
coral reef corners, beating upT 
larger fish and vandalizing atoll 

Facts The British national anthem 
is believed to be the only one ' 
which does not mention the name 
of the nation involved. 

Fact When Marilyn Monroe died, 
she left behind an unfinished film 
which was so unfinished that she 
was not in it. 

Fact: Tbe Encyclopaedia 
Fantastica is on sale now, at only / 
£1.000 until March 31. After that 
il will go up to its normal price of 
£ 1 5,000. Get it now while you r^n. 
Sorry, no credit cards. 


iy> IxSjD 



1 Pennington Street, London El. Telephone 

ft. Stt.., , 

* '' 


h> U:r 

. A 

1 i 


It is now snore than three 
weeks since The Times moved 
from the lawyer-dominated 
* w °rid of the Grey’s Inn Road 
to the docklands site of some 
of the capital's newest high 
technology industries. During 
that time the transformation 
in the newspapers production 
would not have disgraced the 
most adventurous of our new 
neighbours; sadly, however, 
our old neighbours are ever 
more with us. 

It is regrettable that the work 
of lawyers is required simply 
to ensure that those who want 
to buy 71te Times are not 
thwarted. But when the ob- 
stacles between the paper and 
its readers indude darts, drill 
bits and blackened golf balls as 
well as illegal attempts . to 
threaten customers and suppli- 
ers it should surprise noone 
that the force of law is our first 

The move to Wapping has 
been a controversial one. It has 
been welcomed by those who 
see it as a vindication of the 
government's stance towards 
trade unions. It has been 
welcomed by those who see a 
sign that the industrial climate 
in Britain is improving. The 
criticism has come - no less 
predictably - from commercial 
opponents who fear trade 
unions, from those who sup- 
port trade unions whatever 
they do, and those who rely on 
! them for financial and political 
- : support The debate has-been 
carried on everywhere at a 

• ' distractingly high volume. 

Amid the noise of the battle 
. . - it has become a commonplace 
to call the newspaper industry 
a microcosm of Britain’s 
" ’ industrial disease. With its 
. . long record of indifferent 
management, almighty 
unions,“spanish practices”, 

" ' '7 . • over- manning and financial 
1 under-performance, it seems 
the obvious candidate. Add in 
- • the glamour of a paper’s 
-.political influence and foe 
seemingly outrageous ten- 
dency of its writers to lecture 
foe country about its economic 
. ills and the candidateis efected 

• effortlessly to foe position of 
“typical industrial problem” . 

From such a starting point it 
" has become easy for critics to 
argue in recent days that 
. because in the Wapping dis- 
: pute so seemimgly moderate a 
trade union leader as Miss 
Brenda Dean has been met 
with barbed wire barricades,' 
has lost control of her union 
funds and can do little to 
garner fellow trade unionists’ 
support for her case, that 
somehow foe whole balance of 
- trade union law is unsaiis&c- 
tory and should be changed. 

. . This view is held not only by 
Labour leaders who see a 
chance that the strong popular 
' support for foe government’s 
trade union laws could be 
. eroded but by opportunist 
•• Conservatives, keen to clip foe 

prime minister’s wings in ev- 

, ery possible way. 
i • !7 It is a wrong view. It is based 

• ’iji 00 faulty premises as well as 
’ : ; 1 . high emotion. As important as 

- any requirement of The Times 
; *v u ’ in this dispute is the need that 
it should be repudiated. 

The newspaper business 
' ' represents an exaggerated pic- 
• f*-‘ uire of Britain’s industrial 
ills, not a typical one. Other 
l . industries have been run as 
' V' proprietorial playthings but 
- • ' not to foe extent that news- 


Why Industry Year is so vital 

papers have. Other industries 
nave encouraged grotesque 
wages and conditions in order 
to damage their competitors 
but not on foe stale practised 
in Fleet Street. In other in- 
dustries agreements by unions 
have been signed one day and 
disowned foe neon but not with 
foe consistency, malevolence 
and bald bravura foal foe print 
union chapels have displayed 
for so many years. 

In those other industries 
such a record would have 
caused - and indeed it has 
caused - foe loss of jobs on a 
massive scale. In most cases 
after damaging strike action 
workers have been allowed to 
return to their jobs. But the 
■triumphant return was often 
an illusory one: The jobs 
appeared to be there to come 
back to. In feet, foe employers’ 
markets had been lost to 
foreign competition. Con- 
sequently foe jobs were lost 
too but foe connection be- 
tween strikes and job losses 
remained resolutely unmade. 

The newspaper industry 
was, of course, immune from 
direct international 
competitition. Le Monde ; 
whatever its merits, was no 

had seep it successfully distrib- 
uted to its readers. The ballot 
papers issued to her members 
contained the warning that a 
strike would be a breach of 
each individual’s contract of 
employment. And still the 
leaders launched foe strike. 

Why? Was it because so 
many of the individual mem- 
bers were so little dependent 
on earnings from News Inter- 
national that they were happy 
to make a political gesture? 
Was it because foe leaders 
therefore saw foe strike as 
inevitable whether they called 
it or not? 

Or was it because they were 
determined to break the law on 
secondary action and turn the 
plant into a factory without a 
marketplace? Was foe cause of 
foe strike stupid leadership, 
selfish leadership, political 
ambition or a pig-headed de- 
sire to break an uncongenial 
law? It is hard to know. 

The strikers have found 
some enthusiastic bedfellows. 
Mr Neil Khonock’s decision to 
black journalists from News 
International's papers - his 
own personal brand of second- 
ary action - is an unusual 
misjudgement even from this 

substitute for The Times. But famous misjudger of the public 

jot- mood. The tailiire of foe 

there remained the dispropor- 
tionate wages that foe workers 
had won; also the exaggerated 
loyalty that foe members felt 
to their chapel officers and the 
minimum loyalty they felt to 
their real employers. Thus 
grew the fa talism in foe mind s 
of newspaper managers. 

As long as there was no 
alternative place to print a 
national newspaper and no 
guarantee that the operation of 
ah alternative site could not be 
blacked by secondary action 
against distributors and 
suppliers, there was nothing 
that could be done. Only when 
there was such a site and such a 
guarantee, was there the pros- 
pect of change. 

■ The jobs of thepiintworkers 
whose representatives and 
political supporters are hinting 
dally abuse (and recently more 
Jetfial missives) outside the 
- Wapping plant have been lost 
in precisely the same, way as 
those of their union colleagues 
in foe British colour printing 
industry which fin . years 
seeped slowly to Amsterdam 
and Singapore. The difference 
is that they disappeared all at 
once. The fiction that after a 
strike there was always a job to 
come back to was revealed as 
just that - a fiction- 
The casual observer could 
be foigiven, of course, tor 
thinking that this revelation 
was made in rather a brutal 
way. For foe.***, print workers 
whose families were entirely 
dependent on their wages from 
News International it was 
indeed traumatic. Even fin- 
some of the employees who 
kept their jobs it was a 
disturbing experience. 

But what appeared to the 
public as a swift and clinically 
executed operation had been 
recognised as an option by foe 
print union leaders for some 
time. Brenda Dean complains 
that her union has been “le- 
gally mugged”. But ft should 
be remembered that six days 
before she and her colleagues 
led their members out on 
strike they had seen foe first 
product of the Wapping print 
plant, a special supplement of 
The Sunday Times; and they 

National Union of Journalists 
to see its interest in behaving 
like a realistic, modem trade 
union instead of supporting a 
boycott campaign against pa- 
pers on which hundreds of its 
members are employed, is as 
sadly predictable. For foe 
TUC as a whole it is one more 
issue with which it must 
struggle before it can grasp a 
new future. However muchthe 
government’s political oppo- 
nents and nervous supporters 
try to present Wapping as a 
watershed, as a proof that the 
trade union movement is now 
an endangered species that 
requires special protection, 
they will not succeed. It is not 
just foe law that has changed it 
is the deepest feelings of foe 
public about union power . 

Newspapers may be big- 
news today. Brenda Dean may 
. be an acceptable mask on the 
face of old-style trade union- 
ism, and Rupert Murdoch an 
accessible target for her smil- 
ing attacks. But foe dispute at 
Wapping is just one brick in 
that wall which has risen 
inexorably between foe onions 
. and the public. Compared 
with foe miners strikes and the 
winter of discontent ft may not 
even turn out to be a very large 

The harsh face of old trade 
union power is not to be 
hidden. In Fleet Street it still 
manifests itself in corruption 
and censorship. In the rest of 
industry ft reveals itself in 
rigidly enforced restrictions 
and inadequate productivity. 

The unions’ traditional re- 
sponse to change has been to 
keep foe law out of industrial 
relations. The Wapping dis- 
pute began when News Inter- 
national failed to negotiate 
contracts of employment that 
would be legally binding on 
both sides - not a bosses’ 
charter but a deal to which 
both rides could be held in law. 
The future of foe union move- 
ment must now lie with those 
who are prepared to exploit 
just such opportunities. They 
have have to learn to use the 
law. The alternative is to go on 
breaking it - and themselves. 

From (he Chairman of Imperial 

( fiiwuvi huiH'jrit'f, pit- 

Sir, if ever the case of Industry 
Year was made in a telling way, it 
was in Mr Ian Bradley's article 
(February 8). It would be hard to 
find a better example, both of total 
lack of understanding of what 
industry is about and the necessity 
for it, as well as muddled thinking 
about foe ways in which the 
.desirable characteristics of the 
.post-industrial era can be applied 
in Britain. 

■ 1 can only assume that Mr 
Bradley has hide or no knowledge 
of what comprises modem in- 
dustry. The idea that industrialists 
want to return to ~dark Satanic 

mins*’, “the drudgery of the 
production line”, shows a lack of 
understanding of modern indus- 
trial thinking and processes which 
must be almost unique to this 

No one, to foe best of my 
knowledge, has ever argued that 
there are not plenty of ways of 
contributing to foe gross national 
product which may be more in 
keeping with people's wishes for 
foe future. 

Nobody has attempted to argue 
that we do not need a change in 
the attitude to work and that 
success in industrial wealth cre- 
ation, carried out by a much 
smaller number of people than 
hitherto, will not enable us to look 
for the son of gentle, imaginative, 
co-operative lifestyle which Mr 
Bradley yearns for. 

I have seen little evidence, in 
contradiction to Mr Bradley, that 
people in this country are pre- 
pared to forgo Japanese television 
sets. American video shows, for- 
eign cars, and even such humble 
items as foreign-made hand tools 
and garden implements. 

Bui how, in Mr Bradley's dream 
world, are these things going to be 
paid for? Is he seriously suggesting 
that, by entering into a sort of 
idealised do-it-yourself fixture, we 
will make our green and pleasant 
land so full of tourists that we will 
earn enough money to buy not 
only all the manufactured goods, 
but also some of foe produce to 
which we have become accus- 
tomed. like bananas and oranges, 
which do not grow readily in our 

A prerequisite of being able to 
move into a new society for the 
future is that we have an industry 
and extractive industries that can 
earn our country’s firing overseas. 
These will have to provide very 
attractive products at low cost It 
is this which will enable our 
society to have choices and it is 
this that can enable us to develop 

the sort of better life which all of 
us look forward to. 

It will certainly be done, as it is 
being done today, by fewer people 
working in industry as factories 
are increasingly mechanised and 
as foe full power of the application 
of information technology is 
brought to bear. It is this process 
which is foe enabling mechanism 
for foe better life and it is this 
process that those of us who work 
in industry and those who have 
launched Industry Year hope to 
convey to our fellow citizens. 

Mr Bradley's article shows what 
a very lung way we have to go. 
Yours faithfully, 


Imperial Chemical Industries, pic. 
Imperial Chemical House, 
MiUbank. SWl. 

Merger issues 

From Sir Michael Edwardes 
Sir, The decision to refer to foe 
Monopolies Commission mergers 
like those suggested by United 
Biscuits and Imperial. Guinness 
and Distillers, and GEC and 
Plessey raises important strategic 
issues for Britain. 

In all foree cases foe effect 
would have been to create merged 
units of a size abk to compete with 
foe many powerful US. European 
and Japanese companies now 
increasingly dominating foe world 
scene: and for example the 
Ley land/Bedford truck merger 
provides a scale that neither could 
achieve on its own. It is a 
nonsense to inhibit foal sort of 
synergy on foe basis that together 
foe merged units have a logically 
dominant position in the rel- 
atively small British market. That 
type of “little Englander” policy 
displays an ignorance of commer- 
cial reality which will cost us all a 
very high price in foe longer term. 

By being doctrinaire and paro- 
chial it is easy to have a whole host 
of companies competing in the 
same home market; but how many 
will be effective (or even in 
business) in iO years’ time? 
Equally important, how many of 
them will be strong enough to 
avoid being taken over by foreign 
companies in the long run? 

To trade in a heavyweight world 
market Britain must think big. It 
needs an industrial - strategy 
founded on commercial logic 
rather than shortsighted bureau- 
cratic principles. A review of 
Britain’s policy on mergers is 

Yours truly. 


52 Grosvenor Gardens, SWl. 


Cold kills. For every degree by 
which the average winter tem- 
. perature drops, there is an 
_ increase in mortality in the 
~ winter months of about 8,000. 
Many of those deaths are of 
' ‘ the okL For some the cold is an 
agent of ineluctable decease. 

But for an unknown number 
of the elderly there is noting 
inevitable about death. It is as 
.chancy as a. coin for the gas 
" meter slot, the confidence that 
■. they can afford a few hours of 
electric fire. Hypothermia is a 
cruel death, and death by cold 
in penuiy is hard for a civilized 
society to bear wiihout 
questioning its own worth. 
Jhe cry goes up from all 
• i political ranks that something 

-i ,r $ ‘jetter must be provided by the 
-.*2 ‘ 1 , State’s apparatus of social 
v m ‘. ,f7 r j&kcurity. . _ 

Outrage and the resulting 
^action of panic by harried 
; ' nimsters make a bad recipe 
or policy. 

“ . \ Last November the Social 
• - Security Commissioners is- 
. - • :■ ued a circular which replaced 

• meteorological formula 

X.viththe homespun .wisdom of 
;,r DHSS Adjudication Officer 
‘.ticking his head out of an. 

. flice window. The unfairness 

of that scheme has become 
apparent in the cold of the past 

No poor household, how- 
ever frugal, however well run, 
will avoid emei^ndes for 
which their reserves are in- 
sufficient. Hence the necessity 
for the social security system— 
present and future — to make 
"exceptional . needs 

Last year, the payments, 
were supposed to be rule- 
governed. Now it is frilly 
discretionary, with the result 
that disputable differences in . 
temperature have been al- 
lowed to dictate benefit pay- 
ments that may be life-saving. ■ 
. Full reform depends on 
changes to the heart of the 
benefits system itself Old-age 
pensioners in Glasgow are 
expected, despite obvious di£ 
ferences in mean winter tem- 
peratures, to beat their homes 
on the same scale rates as 
pensioner households in Bris- 
toL Severe weather in Scotland 
has to be doubly severe to 
quality. This is absurd. 

No scheme will be ever be 
perfectly tidy. There fa how- 
ever an ample array of regional 
statistics for the cost'of goods 

and ' services, which could 
allow rates to be geographi- 
cally adjusted. The principle 
could then be more fairly 
applied that severe ‘ weather 
payments hinge on out-of-the- 
ordinaiy conditions for the 

. The Government has no 
time to reflect at length about 
protecting the elderly and poor 
from the chance effects of 
severe cold. The time for 
revision of the scheme is now, 
before it locks itself and social 
security beneficiaries, into the 
financial and bureaucratic 
limitations of its proposed new 
Social Fund. 

As far as can be seen - the 
government having been coy 
about its composition — such 
severe weather payments 
would not cease under the 
Fund. They would however 
become^ loans, on the grounds 
that .the State by acting as 
lender of last resort should 
encourage better household 
management This is a sound 
ppint — provided, and it is a 
big proviso - the basic rate of 
benefit for the poor and elderly 
are sufficient for them to make 
reasonable provision for win- 
ter fuel.. 

Minors and GPS 

From the Master of the Guild of 
Catholic Doctors 

Sir, The new guide lines issued by 
foe General Medical Council (re- 
port, February 13) concerning foe 
provision of contraceptive advice 
to children under the age of 16 are 
surely to be applauded as a 
carefully balanced approach to foe 
difficult question of the right to 
confidentiality in medical 
consultation before foe “age of 

The five points made by Lord 
Fraser, in his judgment on foe case 
brought by Mis V. Gtilick, effec- 
tively require the doctor to assess 
foe maturity of foe child before 
deciding whether or how to pro- 
ceed in snefa a consultation. 

We believe that a minor has 
rights to confidentiality in medical 
consultation, which should not be 
lightly overruled, but that foe 
power to give valid consent and 
foe right to claim secrecy from 
one's parents ran in dose parallel 
and depend on maturity.Hence, 
when foe doctor assesses foe 
maturity of his patient, the extent 
to which be accords her 
confidentiality must depend on 
Char assessment 

If he concludes that foe girl is 
dearly immature and In a situa- 
tion of serious moral or physical 
danger, he may deride that she 
needs help and that this can only 
properly be given by her parents or 

It is right foal the Genera] 
Medical Council have dearly 
shown that to seek such help in a 
case of this sort is a proper exercise 
of clinical judgment. 

Yours etc. 

1 M. JESSIMAN, Master, 

Guild of Catholic Doctors, 

17 Grange Drive, 

Chisleburst, Kent. 

From Dr John Rogan 
Sir, In modifying their rules on 
contraceptive advice to teenagers 
foe General Medical Council refer 
lo the contractual nature of the 
relationship between doctor and 

patient. This relationship is based 
on the age-old tradition of the 
inviolability of medical con- 
fidence and not on a wholly 
inappropriate application of foe 
law of contract. 

Hitherto foe only permissible 
breach of confidence has been a 
case of serious crime when the 
maintenance of secrecy seemed 
likely to result in death or injury to 

Bearing in mind the political, 
religions and legal pressures on the 
council, foeir latest rulings are 
understandable but weak and 
unacceptable in practice. 

Yours faithfully, 


Oak Lodge, 

Kiln Way, 




Smallpox virus 

From Professor Colin Kaplan 
Sir, The statement by the Minister 
of State for Defence, as reported in 
yesterday's edition (February 11), 
needs to be corrected. Smallpox 
has, indeed, been eradicated from 
the world, but “occasional cases” 
do not and have not occurred 
(with the exception of foe sad and 
regrettable episode in Bir- 
mingham a few years ago). 

Rumours and reports of cases 
do, however, occur. All such 
events are thoroughly investi- 
gated, always with the coopera- 
tion of Work! Health Organisation 
epidemiologists and specialist lab- 
oratories in foe USA and USSR. 
No report or rumour of smallpox 
has been confirmed, although 
positive diagnoses have been 
made of other conditions such as 
chicfcenpox, herpes simplex, and 
— mainly in Zaire — human 
infection with monkey-pox virus. 
Yours faithfully, 

colin Kaplan, 

The University of Reading, 
Department of Microbiology, 
London Road, 




Prehistoric site 

From Professor B. W. Cunliffe. 
FBa. and others 

Sir, During this last summer foe 
longest public enquiry into a single 
planning issue in Northern Ireland 
was held over an application to 
extend the quarrying of limestone 
at Navan in Co. Armagh. The 
enquiry brought out foe basic 
conflict of interests involved. 

Navan is a remarkable complex 
of later prehistoric archaeological 
Sites, and It is known to be Emain 
Masha, foe early historic capital of 
Ulster and centre of Ireland's great 
heroic literary tradition, foe Ulster 
Cycle. As a combination of Celtic 
prehistory and historical identity 
and legend it is unique in foe 
British Isles and is recognised by 
all academic authorities as of 
remarkable importance to the 
history of European culture. 

The commercial and employ- 
ment interests of the quarry could 
be satisfied by relocating it outside 
foe area of academic significance. 
The enquiry also highlighted foe 
failure of the planning authorities, 
who have permitted quarrying to 
go on unauthorised for a decade 
and so have failed to grasp foe 
nettle of tbe imeompatibility of 
commercial development and foe 
historic culture of foe community 
at this site. 

The proposal has naturally 
aroused worldwide protests from 
archaeologists and Celtic: sts con- 
cerned with foe origins of the Irish 
language and identity. Of more 
interest perhaps has been the 
response within Northern Ireland, 
where notoriously the absence of a 
shared culture has divided the two 
communities in the province, lu a 
remarkable exception to this di- 
vision opposition to further 
quarrying came from the fall range 
of the political spectrum. 

If tbe quarry is allowed to 
continue for longer than it takes to 
find another site, it will have been 
encouraged to invest plant and 
equipment and open up new areas 
far working. In these circum- 
stances it would be able to come 
up with a fresh application for 
more land, and the story would 
only end when foe site had been 
removed entirely, apart from the 
one element which is in State care 
Your faithfully, 



University of Oxford, 

Institute of Archaeology, 

36 Beaumont Street, 


Space disaster 

From Mr A. T. Crow 
Sir, Mr Alan Capper (February 12) 
draws attention to foe difference 
in reaction to the loss of the space 
shuttle between the confident 
Americans and foe pessimistic 
Britons and quotes foe inspiring 
words expressing man's drive to 
explore space written by H. G. 
Wells in his Things To Come. 
However, it may be pertinent to 
point out that Wells himself in 
later life came to view foe future 
with foe utmost pessimism. In bis 
last essay, Mina at the End of its 
Tether , published in 1945, he 

Our universe is — going dean out 
of eusience, leaving not a wrack 

Of course he did not expect 
many to share his belief, but there 
can be no doubt foal he sincerely 
held it himself 
Yours sincerely, 






FEBRUARY 19 1884 

In December 1883 the British 
Government ordered the 
abandonment of the Sudan. 
General Charles George Gordon 
(1833-85) ro sent out there, his 
mission being to effect the 
withdrawal of the garrisons and 
evacuate the country, tiis 
proclamation on arrival at 
Khartoum unu not wholly 
favourably received at home; in 
particular his opinion that slavery 
should be retained made him and 
the Government subject to 
considerable criticism. On 
January 26 1885 Gordon was 
killed when Khartoum fell to the 
forces of the Mahdi. 

Seen along the line 

From Mr Philip Benham 
Sir, Professor Dunsian (February 
1) and Peter White (February 10) 
will no doubt be pleased to learn 
that they no longer have to rely on 
a 1936 publication by the former 
London & North Eastern Railway 
io guide them on their way. 

Tbe English Tourist Beard and 
British Rail are now jointly 
producing just such lineside 
guides for foe enjoyment of our 
customers. So far two booklets 
have been produced, one covering 
the East Coast mainline route 
from London King’s Cross to 
York. Newcastle and Scotland, 
and the other foe Western Region 
route out of Paddington to Bristol, 
Cardiff and Penzance. 

Yours faithfully. 

P. M. BENHAM. Area Manager, 
British Rail (Eastern). 

37 Tanner Row, 


Drags in prison 

From the Director of the Prison 
Medical Service 

Sir, I noted with concern the 
report (February 14) under the 
bold headline, “Doctors clash 
over use of drugs to control 
prisoners", which will therefore be 
foe main message taken away by 
the majority of your readers. 

There is no conflict of policy 
among the doctors who are 
responsible for tbe professional 
ethics of medical treatment in the 
Prison Medical Service. The pol- 
icy is dear to all those directly 
concerned. It is that doctors who 
work is foe Prison Medical Ser- 
vice, whole-time or part-time, are 
responsible for the individual 
mental and physical health of foeir 
inmate patients. Wherever this 
responsibility ft in any way in 
competition with any other in- 
terest of foe service the direct 
individual good of the inmate 
patient ft paramount 

A second point should be made 

to dear confusion over tbe ques- 
tion of foe provision of genera) 
medical care Eighty-eight of the 
120-odd prison medical establish- 
ments in England and Wales 
receive all foeir medical cover 
from part-time medical officers, 
whose main job is as a general 
practitioner in the National 
Health Service with a practice in 
foe geographical area of the prison 

All foe other establishments 
which employ one or more M- 
time medical officers are also 
dependent upon foe services of 
part-time medical officers, who 
come ffi as local GPs and provide 
general medical services as re- 
quired for the inmate patients. 

This leaves foe full-time medi- 
cal officers free to get ms with just 
those jobs which several interest 
groups recommend they should 

The third and most important 
point- is to state dearly and 
categorically that the Prison Medi- 

cal Service is only empowered to 
prescribe pharmaceutical drugs 
tor the individual benefit of foe 
inmate patient and medical offi- 
cers are clearly aware of the strictly 
limited conditions under which 
drugs may be used without fall 
consent; that is, it is done to save 
foe patient’s life, or when other 
lives may be at risk, or when such 
intervention is the minimum re- 
quired to prevent an irretrievable 
deterioration in the condition of 
foe patient 

Any breach of these rules re- 
ported would be the subject of 
immediate investigation. 

Thank you for the opportunity 
to make these, I trust, very clear 

Yours faithfully, 



Prison Medical Service. 

HM Prison Service Headquarters, 
Geiand House, 

Plage Street, SWL 
February 14. 



(From Our Correspondents) 
(by Eastern Company’s Cables) 
Khartoum, Feb IS, 3.30pm 
General Gordon's arrival here this 
morning led to a wonderful demon- 
stration of welcome by the people, 
thousands of them crowding to kiss 
his hands and feet, and calling him 
the “Sultan of tbe Soudan," 

His speech to the people was 
received with enthusiasm. He said: 
“I come without soldiers, but with 
God on my side, to redress the evils 
of the Soudan. I will not fight with 
any weapons but justice. There 
shall be no more Bashi-Bazouks." 

It is now believed that he will I 
relieve the Bohr Gazelle garrisons ( 
without firing a shot. 

Since they beard that be was 
coming the aspect of the people has 
had so chang ed that there are no 
longer any fears of disturbances in 
the town! They say that he is 
giving them more than even tbe 
Mahdi could give. 

He is sending out proclamations in j 
ail directions. 

Such is the influence of one man 
that there are no longer any feats 
for the garrison of people of 


Before criticizing General 
Gordon's proclamation, it is well to 
await the receipt of its exact terms. 
Meanwhile, it (fees not appear 
startl in g to those who are best 
acquainted with his views. 

Tbe recognition of the Mahdi as 
Emir of Kordofan he bad already 
telegraphed as a probable step; and 
it is one which, after all does not 
amount to stupendous generosity. 
The remission of half the taxation 
is merely dividing zero into frac- 

As regards the question of slavery, 
no one » more sincere and 
thorough in his detestation of the 
trade than General Gordon; but no 
one is more ready to recognize facts 
and turn them to practical account 
utterly regardless of purely senti- 
mental considerations. He has 
always maintained that it was 
impossible to destroy the bade by 
operations in the Soudan. Such 
attempts have had two effects — 
first to render the traffic more 
difficult, and therefore more cruel 
to the victims; secondly, to cause 
perpetual ware in the Soudan, with 
a consequently inferior standard of 
government in it 
The sole remedy, even if this 
territory were under English gov- 
ernment, would be to suppress the 
demand for slaves by abolishing 
the markets or them in Turkey and 
Egypt- England having decided to 
abandon the Soudan, General Gor- 
don acquiesced in the advisability 
of allowing its inhabitants self- 
government This concession im- 
plied a continuation of tbe slave 
trade, and any indignation is 
therefore now mistimed- General 
Gordon is only proclaiming openly 
what everyone knows to be the 
inevitable consequences of our 
policy. The British Government 
would probably have been better 
satisfied if be had continued to 
make use of professions of hostility 
to the trade, while practically 
freeing it — just as they protest 
against protection and practically 
protect. Bat General Gordon has a 
habit of calling things by their 
proper names. England decided the 
question. he acquiesced in the 
decision, and is not ashamed to 
acknowledge it— 

The public may regret the immoral 
tendencies of remote savages to 
slavedealing, cannibalism, and oth- 
er vices; but they are beyond the 
reach of our arm, and it is unwise to 
be enunciating moral truisms at 
the cost of perpetual war. Practical 
philanthropists had better confine 
then energies to practical measures 
for which they possess the requisite 
power, and here they may do much. 

An enforced registration of and a 
heavy taxation upon the posses- 
sion of existing slaves, and a 
declaration of foe illegality of any 
future purchase or transfer of 
them, would do more than minifl pg 
of money and the thousands of 
lives wasted in foe Soudan during 
foe last 15 years... 

Staying power 

From Captain O. J. Windsor Clive 
Sir, My grandfather first mourned 
Queen's Guard in 1897. 1 find his 
bearskin cap very comfortable 
when I mount the same duly. 
Yours faithfully, 

1st Bn Coldstream Guards, 

The Barracks, 



February 12. 

Meaningful terms 

From Dr C. /. Af. Reekie 
Sir, May 1 add a recent addition to 
foe educational vocabulary; "hu- 
man resource laboratory'', li 
means gymnasium. 

Yours faithfully, 

44 Willow Way, 



Tyne and Wear. 








































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February 18: Lady Jean Rankin 
has succeeded Lady Elizabeth 
Basse! as Ladv-jn-Waiijng to 
Queen Elizabcih The Queen; 
Mol her. 

February 18: The Princess 
Anne. Mrs Mark Phillips. Pa- 
iron of [he National Union of 
Townswomen’s Guilds, was 
represented by Mrs Janet 
Ramsden (Chairman. National 
Union of Townswomen’s 
Guilds) at the Memorial Service 
for Mrs Margaret Chalklcy (for- 
mer National Chairman. Na- 
tional Union of Townswomen’s 
Guilds) which was held ar ihc 
Birmingham Parish Church of 
St Martin's with St Andrew's in 
The Bullring. Birmingham, this 

February 18: The Duke of Kent 
Vice Chairman of the British 
Overseas Trade Board, today 
visited Logica Pic. Newman 
Street. London. WI. 

Captain Michael Campbell- 
Lamerton was in attendance. 

Prince Andrew is 26 today. 

February 1 8 : The Princess of 
Wales this morning opened the 
new Maternity Unit at Newham 
General Hospital. London. El 3. 

Mrs George West and 
Lieutenant-Commander Rich- 
ard Aylard. RN. were in atten- 

The Queen will unveil a me- 
morial to the late Duke of 
Beaufort in Gloucester Cathe- 
dral on Monday, April 14, at 
noon. Tickets on application to 
the Chief Executive, Shire Han, 
Gloucester, GL1 _2T G, by 
March IT. Priority given to 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Eric Vernon Holding will 
be held on Friday. March 7, 
1986, at St Bride's Church, Fleet 
Street. London, EC4, at noon. 

NZ to get 
as Bishop 

By Clifford Longtey 
Religious Affairs 
Canon Paul Oestreidier. one of 
the best-known Anglican 
churchmen of his generation, 
has been elected as the next 
bishop of Wellington, New Zea- 
land. Canon Oescrekber. born 
i in Germany, has New Zealand 

His election has to be con- 
finned by the New Zealand 
bishops and by the Anglican 
Church's standing committee. 
Hois-asnstant general secretary 
of the British Council of 
Churches, responsible for inter- 
national afiaiis, a member of the 

General Synod of the Chun* of 
England, and vice-president of 
the Campaign for Nuclear 

rX frmam^nt 

The Princess of Wales being greeted by Gillian Hughes, a midwife, when she opened die 
maternity unit at Newham General Hospital, London, yesterday. 

Forthcoming marriages 


Brigadier C. ArmHage 
and Mrs AJVI. Mann 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles Armilage, of 
Brrmhill Wick, Caine. Wilt- 
shire. and Ann Marguerite 
Mann, of Horse moor House, 
Chieveley. Berkshire. 


Mr DJE. Begvely 
and Miss C-A- Macadam 
The engagement is announced 
between David, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs RJLE Begvcly. of 
Auckland. New Zealand, and 
Clare, youngest daughter of Mr 
J.D. Macadam. MBE, and Mrs 
Macadam, of Venado Tuerto, 

Mr JJLT. Ecfceraley 
and Miss R£. Loagthorne 
The engagement is announced 
between Rupert, elder son of Mr 
Jeremy EckeisJey. of Bosbury, 
Herefordshire, and Mrs Sarah 
Eckerstey. of Oxford, and Ruth, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Brian 
Longthorae, of Winchester. 

Mr A. Ford 
and Miss ES. Worgan 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, son of Mn J. 
Ford, of Needingworth, 
Cambridgeshire, and Assiut, 
Egypt, and the late Flight 
Lieutenant P. Ford, and Eliza- 
beth Susan, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs J.S. Worgan, of 
Hartford, Cheshire. 

Dr AX. Morris 
and Sylvia Countess 
The engagement is announced 
between Alan, son of the late 
Edward Moms and of Mrs R.G. 
Morris, of Cooden. Sussex, and 
Sylvia, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Cecil V. Moore, of Chatham, 

Dr P. McC. Miller 
and Dr AJ. Waddtegtna 
The engagement is announced 
betweenPatrick, son of Dr and 
Mrs AJV. McC. Miller, of 
Snainton, North Yorkshire, and- 
Jane, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
A. J. Waddington, of 
Bromsgrove. Worcestershire. 

Mr J.C. Nicholson 
and Miss AA, Beer 
The engagement is announced 
between John Caldecott Nichol- 
son, of Burrill Manor, Bedaie, 
and Alison Ann. daughter of Mr 
and Mn Eric Beer, of Bum 
Bridge, Harrogate. 

Mr AJLA. Oaksfcett 
and Miss AJWL Kielf 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, younger son 
of Mr and MrsO.GA. Oakshetl, 
of The Old Rectory. Harding, 
Gloucestershire, and Annette, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs 
N J. Riely. of Eastwick Manor. 
Eastwick, Essex. 

Mr &LA. Fane De SaBs 
and Miss EJLF. Shepherd 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark Andreas, elder 
son of Mr and Mrs JJ*. Fane De 
Salis. of Itchingfidd, West Sus-j 
sex, and Elaine Kathryn 
Francos. younger daughter ofl 
Mr and Mrs FJ. Shepherd, of' 
Horsham. West Sussex. 

English furniture popular 

There was fierce competi- 
tion for fine English furniture 
at Sotheby's Sussex sale room 
yesterday with a little 
padoukwood bureau of 
around 173S, on a parcel-gilt 
stand, selling for £ 22,000 (esti- 
mate £3,000-£5,000) to Mi- 
chael Norman Antiques of 

The fall front of the bureau 
opens on little drawers and 
pigeonholes and it has two 
long drawers below. The 
stand, with a key pattern 
apron, and iwwhnmp cabriole 
legs, may or may not have 
started life with the bureau; 
there was some argument 
during the view on whether it 
•had been made tip from four 
chaidegs and a bit of 
keypattern from elsewhere. 
The component parts were all 
definitely eighteenth century, 
according to the auctioneer 
A pair of George in satin- 
wood card tables sold for 
£13,750 (estimate £10,000- 
£15,000) to a dealer acting for a 
Finnish private 

cotlector.Tbere was very 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

strong Continental bidding 
throughout the sale, mainly 
focused on the oak and wal- 

Other high prices included a 
red walnut drop-leaf table of 
around 1740, at £9,900 (esti- 
mate £ 2 , 000 ^ 0 , 000 ) and a 

£160; two denarii of AD.69 r 
one of Otho and the other of i 
ViteUus £259 (estimate 

Foreign gold coins were also 
selling strongly, with a Guate- 
malan four-escudos of Ferdi- 
nand VII at £2,808 (estimate 

mahogany drop-leaf table of £I,400-£1,800). Hie top price 
about 10 years later at £7,480 in the sale was £4,320 (esti- 

(estimate £3,000^5,000). It 
was their first good sale of 
English furniture of the new 
year, which may help to 
explain the high prices. The 
auctioneers, however, had 
been apprehensive since the 
Americans, who have recently 
been the strongest buyers in 
this market, seem to have 
dropped out completely at the 

Christie's sale of coins and 
medallions saw a morning 
total of £63,515, with only 3 
per cent left unsold. Dealers 
were bidding strongly in the 
section of ancient coins. A 
typical composite lot, contain- 
ing six Imperial denarii and 
four minor coins, secured £281 
against an estimate of £140 to 

mate £3,000-£4,000) foraU-S. 
proofs 10 of 1900. 

Canon Oestretcher. aged 54, is 
a foil member of toe Society of 
Friends (Quakers), which he 
joined about two years ago. A 
pacifist, he has long been prom- 
inent as a campaigner a gainst 
nuclear weapons. He is also a 
leading expert on East European 
Christianity, particularly the 
Lutheran church in East Ger- 
many, and on the church in 
South Africa. He was chairman 
of the British section of Am- 
nesty International from 1974 to 

His parents fled from tire 
threat of Nazi persecution -to 
New Zealand before the war. He 
was educated at school in Dun- 
edin, ^ art fwfrri the univer- 
sities of Otago and Victoria, 
before coming to Ergfand to 
study at Lincoln Theological 
College. He worked as a BBC 
producer, then at the British 
Council of Churches, and from 
1968 to 1981 was a vicar in 
Blackbeath. South Loudon. 

Canon Oestrcdcher grid yes- 
terday that if the election, was 
confirmed he expected to leave 
Britain for New Zealand in 

Birthdays today 

was a strong contingent of Tte Rev Dr G. Henton Davies, 
Italian dealer*, bidding espe- Fort**, 68 ; Mr John 

dally on Italian painting s A 
pair of battle scenes from the 
circle of Francesco Simoaini 
went to Sarti Antiques at 
£9,240 (estimate £6,000- 
£8,000). The sale totalled 
£87,813 with 33 per cent left 
unsold. The high unsold per- 
centage reflects dealers’ de- 
mand for quality and pictures 
new to the mailed; paintings 
that had been cleaned and 
restored were simply not sefl- 
ing since tins is a sure sign that 
they have been recently on tbe 

Freemah. 71; Lord Henmker, 

70; the Right Rev RiL Hook, 
69; Mr Lee Marvin, 62; Profes- 
sor Bernard Meadows, 71; Sir 
John N. Nicholson. 75; Mrs 
Frances Ferry, 79; Sr Daniel 
Pettit, 71; Mr Brian Tester, 57. 



Mr T.C. Garnham 
and Miss V JL Mitchell 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy Claude, eldest 
son of Dr and Mn John C 
Garnham. of Penn, 

Buckinghamshire, and Victoria ■» K . 

Lesley, second daughter of the iVlfiIT18£6S 

S C Mr ILA. Cnstis 

M. Mitchell, of Maricyate, 


Mr W. Harrison 
and Miss SX Coventry 
The engagement is announced 
between David Featherstone, 
son of the late Mr Henry 
Harrison and of Mrs Kathleen 
Readman, of Swanland, East 
Yorkshire, and Sara h Elizabe th, 
younger daughter of Prebendary 
and Mrs Frank Coventry, of 

Mr SJ. Jeremiah 
and Miss FJL Green 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs T.L.G Jeremiah, of 
Penllergaer, Swansea, and 
Fiona, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J. Green, of Market Drayton, 

and Mrs Vi Mackett 
The marriage took place at 
Maidstone on February 15 of | 
Mr Ronnie Custis and Mrs 
Valerie MacketL 
Dr TX Faber 
and Dr EMC. ran Hosts 
Tbe marriage took place in- 
Cambridge on Febr ua ry 6, 1986, 
of Dr Thomas Faber and Dr 
Elisabeth van Homs. 

Mr CM. Ke ating Coyne 
and Miss S- Kanunska 
The marriage of Mr Christopher I 
Martin Keating Coyne, son of j 
Mr Christopher Ke-l^ng Coyne, 
of Dublin, Ireland, mid Mis 
Ruth Keating Coyne, of| 
Twyford, Berkshire, and Miss 
Sylvia Kaminska took place 
early in the New Year at St 
Thomas More Catholic Church, 
Twyford, Berkshire. 


Latest appointments include • 
Sir John Oliver Wright to be a 
trustee of the British Museum in 
succession to Sir Arthur Drew. 

Dame Amte Warburtou, Mrs 
Esme Walker, Professor Gillhui' 
Powell to be part-time members 
or the Equal Opportunities. 

Mr Richard Thornton to be 
Lord Lieutenant of Surrey in 
succession to Lord Hamilton of 
Dalzell who is retiring. 

Mr John Vereker to be principal 
finance officer in the Foreign 
and Commonwealth Office 
Overseas Development Admin- 
istration in succession to Mr. 
Robert Ainscow who is to be. 
deputy secretary. 

Mr BID Cockboru to be manag- 
ing director, letters. Mr Tony 
Garrett to be managing director, 
parcels. Mr Ken Young, to be in 
charge of personnel and cor- 
porate resources, Mr Philip 
Sellers, to be responsible for 
corporate and finance (Hanning, 
all as members of the Post Office 

Friends help 

The Friends of Gibraltar Soci- 
ety. whose aims are to help 
preserve Gibraltar’s unique 
architectural and military her- 
itage, will hold its inaugural 
meeting at the National Army 
Museum. Royal Hospital Road, 
central London, next Tuesday. 

According to authorities who 
addressed a Save Gibraltar’s 
Heritage conference last Feb- 
ruary, conservation and sympa- 
thetic conversion of ex- 
government property would 
benefit tbe Rock’s tourist in- 
dustry and the urgent bousing 
needs of the Gibraltarians. 

Mr Sam Alper, a Cambridge- 
shire businessman who chairs, 
tbe Society’s steering commit- 
tee, said; “What needs to be 
done in Gibraltar is really too 
much for the Rock’s population 
of only 25,000. They need our 
bdp. The purpose of the 
Society’s inaugural meeting is to 
move _ on from an ad hoc 
committee to formalize its exis- 
tence as a charity. 

Science report 

Computer game treats children’s bad eyesight 

A computer game which has 
been developed to treat young 
children with defective eye- 
sight as they play has achieved 
’'significant rapid 

improvement” in about half of 
those who have used it 
The children suffer from 
amblyopia, a condition in 
which die vision of one eye is 
blarred and inhibited by poor 
responses from the brain. The 
traditional treatment is to 
cover the good eye with an 
eyepatch, which forces the 
brain to use the eye it has 
preferred to ignore. Although 
often successful, this method 
can take many mouths before 
vision is brought up 

exercise the children's eyes as 
they play. 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 
Tbe Visual Ekdrophyatel- 
ogy Unit at Bradford 
University’s School of Optom- 
etry las been studying electri- 
cal activity in the brain 
predoced by signals from the 
eyes. Some of the soft’s work 
bos been concerned with find- 
ing suitable visual targets 
which produce strong visual 
«gmh hi the brain. 

One of tbe most successful 
targets is a Made and white 
checkerboard, which reverses 
at regular intervals, so that 
black squares become white, 
and vice versa. A TV compoter 
game based onttusatteraathtg 
pattern has been created to 

In the game, the child or 
examiner selects a number of 
letters to be read and remem- 
bered. Random letters are 
displayed ia tbe centre of the 
screen, surrounded for the* 
alter natin g checkerboard. The 
chfid reads the letters with the 
good eye cowed, and when 
toe letters disappear, types 
them on the computer’ s key- 

chBd is allowed to play a short 
computer game as a Toward. 
The program has been in use 
in a Saturday morning 
children’s eKwic at the Scho ol 
of Optometry for the past 12 
months. Dr BOl Sontowaite, 
lecturer in optometry at Brad- 
ford University, who devised 
the same, says^A significant 

The cfaSd scores one point if 
the letters are correctly re- 
membered, and a new se- 
quence of letters appears. 
When 10 points are scored, the 

improvement in vision 
has occurred ji approximately 
half vfcg children exposed to 
this approach.” 

He has beta helped by 
students at Hoimfirto High 
School who hare converted the 
program for use os school 
computers so that toe exer- 
cises can be more widely used. 

Bridge win for 
Breskal’s team 

Mr Peter Walker, MP, Secretary 
of Stale for Energy, was the 
principal meat at tbe biennial 
dinner of tbe Engineering 
Employers’ Federation at the 
Dontoester hold yesterday. The 
guests were received by Mr 
'RJJL Parkes, president, and Dr 
JJ.S. McFariane, diiector-gen- 

G.N. BreskaTs team won tbe 
most strenuous of the English 
Bridge Union's competitions in 
tbe double knockout event for 
tbe Provost Cup held at the 
Queen’s Hotel, Eastbourne, 
over four days. He defeated 
G I -Stanfo rd’s iwnn after eight 
extra boards by 1 12-59. 

j Masons' C o mpany 
-The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress, accomp an ied by the 
'sheriffs mid Mrs Neaiy, were 
received by the Master of the 
Masons' Company, Mr EH. 
Turner, at the annual ladies* 
dinner held at the Mansion 
House last night- The speakers 


JIDDU krishnamurti 

Philosophical and 
religious teacher 

Jiddu Krishnamurti. the In- 
dian philosopher and rdigiOBS 
teacher, died on February J 7 
at bis home in Qjat, Califor- 
nia. He was 90. 

Krishnamurti never sought 
publicity yet for fifty years 
thousands of people all over 
the world regarded him as one 
of the great religious teachers, 
and his many books, translat- 
ed into numerous languages, 
bad a wide circulation. 
Krishnamurti ’s Notebook 
(1976) in particular, is a 
remarkable mystical docu- 

Born on May 25. 1895. at 

MandanapaDe in. South India, 
Krishnamurti was the eighth 

It came as a traumatic diock 
to thousands, who had for 

child of a Brahmin femily of eighteen years 
10. His mother died when he for the Coming, when in i v-v 
was young and in . 1909 his he dissol ved the Order of the 

lather , a retired civil servant Star (whtdi then 
and Tbeosophist of long bership of over 40.000) and 
gwmrting went with his four declared that he did not want 
surviving sons to live ax followers, that truth was a 
Adyar, the international head- 'pathless land’ and that nts 
quarters of the Theosophical only concern was to set men 
Society at Madras. psychologically free - free in 

Mrs Annie Besant, Pres- particular from all spiritual 
dent of the Society, and her authority, 
colleague, C W. Leadbeater, The inside story or those 
soon noticed Krishnamurti; extraordinary years was not 
Leadbeater immediatdty saw folly revealed until he allowed 

in him, the spiritual teadier of his letters to be published in 

the future. 

It was then a tenet of tbe 
majority of Thoosophists that 
all the great religious teachers 
were in feet the same being, 
the Lord Maitrcya, who every 
two thousand vears or so 
showed himself in human 
incarnation through the body 
of a chosen vehicle in order to 
help humanity is a time of 
special crisis. Hi s last appear- 
ance according to the Theoso- 
phists, had been in the body of 

In 1911 toe Oder of the 
Star in the East was founded 
by Mrs Besant with 
Krishnamurti as. its head. Its 
members were convinced that 
a new Coming was imminent 
and that Krishnamurti was the 
vehicle whom the Lord had 

Mrs ‘ Besant took 
Krishnamurti under her 
guardianship and made her- 
self responsible for training 
him for this awesome role. In - 
1912 toe sent him to England 
to be privately educated. He 
remained in Europe, becom- 
ing thoroughly westernised, 
until 1921 when he returned 
to India 

It was then that he began to 
travel round the world ad- 
dressing audiences. Gradual- 
ly, however, his followers 
began to doubt whether he 
fitted into the pattern laid 
down for him, as he was no 
longer saying tbe comforting 
things thqr expected to hear. 

1975 in Krishnamurti: The 
Years cf Awakening by Mary 
Lutyens. , _ 

In 1983 a second volume of 
bis biography appeared. 
Krishnamurti: The Years of 
Fulfilment taking the story of 
his life up to J9S0. 

From ! 930 onwards 
Krishnamurti went his own 
way, travelling the world, 
giving private interviews and 
tallrc to an ever-increasing 

Education had always been 
one of his chief concerns, as he 
considered that the condition- 
ing of children in the narrow- 
ness of nationality, race and 
religion accounted for most of 
the violence in the world. 

Krishnamurti had no per- 
manent home and the mini- 
mum of personal possessions. 
Foundations in England, tbe 
USA and India made them- 

Hsbmg^This books amf for 
administerii^ the funds vol- 
untarily contributed for the 
propagation of his teaching 
and the running of tbe schools 
he founded. 

There are now 
Krishnamurti schools in 
Hampshire and -at Qjai, Cali- 
fornia. and five in India. 

Krishnanmrti’s influence 
grew steadily. Each year a , 
larger proportion of young 
people attended his talks and 
scientists and psychologists 
became interested in his ideas 
of time, thought and death. 


| Muwgeiw w^mt i^ d E3L < sasS3!as ss: 411 *° 

KS GN pS. H Gron* An "S 

’M. Ho ffman . . I rr i rm^ m ah**** mweii 

.Q-H a. Camtr wooti: 


Company of Merchant Ad- 
venturers of the Gty of York. 

Tbe Northern Event at Leeds 
was won by six internationals, 
J-M. Armstrong. G.T. Kirby, 
A. Forrester, R.S. Brock, 
SLLLodge, Dr. AP^owter who 
wiO meet tbe southern winners 
for the Woolwich Building 
Society’s Cop on August 2. 
Hamilton Cup was won by Mr 
and Mrs WJ. Pencharz, PJ. 
W illiams, D -Remain, J.Cooe. 
J.Dhondy by half a point from 
tbe joint seconds captained by 
G-HorsJey and D.M-PooL 

1 wawi : AJCnr; 

UJacobeon,’ M-P. 

: Joint runners re RJ_ 

^ . HOwowr. WootwUi Bond* 

mg _ Society w «i. JX LairaL 
R.Mardttn; score 896 . Equal oe c a n d: . 
K- F — S t an l e y. MraJD. NeODcton: D 

Gallery architect 
on Aga Khan jury 

Mr Robert Venturi, tbe Ameri- 
can architect appointed last 
month to design the Hampton 
she extension to the National 
Gallery in Trafalgar Square, is a 
member of the master jury 
appointed for the 1986 Aga 

Cranleigh School 

‘Cranteigta School has an- 
nounced the following awards 
for 1986: 

Sixth Form Academic Scholar- 
ships: Diana Beaumont 
rWok fingha mk Fmm« Boston 
(St Swithun’s^ Rebecca Carey 
(Roedean); Estee Track (Si 
Catherine's, Brantley): Theresa 
Wat (Woldxngham). 

Sixth Form Music Scholar- 
ship: Eleanor Steer 


. Visiting Musician's Ex- 
hibition: Kim Piper 

Fourth Form Music Scholar- 
ships: Daniel Hewson (Belmont 
Preparatory School); Timothy 
Vine (Cranleigh Preparatory 

Fourth Form Music Ex- 
hibition: Giles Atkinson (Qane- 
mont Preparatory School). 

’ Cross as an Albert Medal 
iwhfle serving as a Leading 
j Seaman in the Royal Navy, 
[:for his courageous rescue of an 
unconscious man from a com- 
partment of a warship under 
the hazardous conditions of 
frail air. 

On May 23, 1928, white the 
battleship, HMS Warspite, 
was lying alongside Pariatorio 
Wharf Malta, an examination 
of the bulge compartments 
situated on the port side aft 
was being carried ouL 
The manhole door of the 
lower bulge compartment was 
removed and the compart- 
ment tested, and it was found 
that the air was foul to 

A Chief Stoker attempted to 
enter the compartment, was 
overcome by gas and fell 

officer immediately 
went to his aid but this rescue 
attempt was unsuccessful and 
he was hauled out in an 
unconscious condition. 

At this point Leading Sea- 
man Oliver Who was gnnriing 
by with a shallow diving 
helmet, volunteered to at- 
tempt a rescue. Donning the 
helmet, be was passed with 
considerable difficulty 
through the manholes of the ,f 
upper and lower bulge com- 
partments and eventually suc- 
ceeded in reaching the 
unconscious man and passing 
a line round his body. 

The Chief Stoker was then 
drawn up through the man- 
hole to safety. 

The Albert Medal Oliver 
received for his actions was 
t ran sla t ed George Cross in 


Hertford College, 

Mr John Edward Piercy, 
CBE. a distinguished thyroid 
surgeon cast in tbe mould of 
toe great exponents ofhis craft 

rift- A a’5& fc L&££? S S 5 reWsod 

of tins century, died on Febro- 

1976, wrath $500,000 in prizes, 
u tbe largest architectural award 
in toe world. It recognizes 
excellence for Islamic cultures. 

indoding seminars and pubbea- 

The other members of the 
jury team include Professor 
Hans Hoflera, Austria: Profes- 
sor Fumihiko Maki, Japan; and 
Professor Ronald Lewcock. 
Australia, who is at toe 
Massachusetts Institute ofTecb- 

edition of tbe Hertford College 
Record within toe nex t 12 
months to aO known members. 

Would any member who is 
not in contact with or 

whose address hai changed, 
please write to the Buisar, 
Hertford College. Oxford, OX 1 
3BW, so that his or her entry can 
be included. 

£ :*>• 




Beyond the elegant Lutyens facade of Grosvenor House. He the 
most exclusive private apartments in London. A number of 
these are now available for short-term occupancy. Serviced 
by a hand-picked permanent staff of 150 people, from valets 
to antique restorers, they are offered with a standard of 
personal service rarely found in the world today. Every detail 
from hand-ironed shirts to your favourite mineral water to a 

care of. quietly and unobtrusively. And if you tire ofthe 
impeccable round-the-clock room service, there are three 
fine restaurants to choose from, ail within Grosvenor 
House. You’ll also have membership of the Grosvenor 
House Health Club with full access to the private pool and 
Nautilus-equipped gymnasium. And one thing more. 

The world’s most exclusive address -Park Lane, London. 

m * I _ — w-wtMVUVWUVUWg 1 UfrtL 

specially prepared private supper party is taken y- j For more information call us on 0 1-499 6363 



A tniuhouM Fune E.tdivnv HuH 

Txu&boast Forte Hotels 

An uncommon sense of occasion 



Mr L. Lederer 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Mr Lajos Ledercr was 
held ai tbe International Press 
Centre yesterday. Canon John 
Oates and Rabbi Julia 
Neuberger officiated. Nicholas 
Selmes. grandson, read toe fes- 

A Canadian, Jack Piercy 
was born in Victoria, British 
Columbia and educated at Sr 
James Douglas School, Vic- 
toria High School and the 
University of Alberta, Ed- 

He came to England to 
study after the First World 
War, during which be served 
as a pilot in tbe Royal Flying 
Craps, and qualified at Guy's 
in 1924. 

His distinguished consul- 
tant career began in 1932 at 
New End Hospital, Hamp- 
stead, as Sm^on-Soperinten- 

<tent at the then LCC HospitaL 

He eventually took charge of 
the New End Goitre Clink, a 

He worked with tbe greatest •/' 
surgeons in this fiekC Cecil . 
JoQ, Thomas Dunhill and' ; 
Geoffrey Keynes. In toose* ,A. 
early epoch-making daysr ofT r; 
endocrine surgery be assisted/ V v 
Keynes, who pioneered tfie v 
delicate operation of dtyato^v 
tomy for myasthenia gravis, 3&& : 
signa l advance in the treafriirV 
ment for those afflicted, with 
this progressive condition. U'l 

Later, with Dr RaymonifUy- 
Greene, be was responsible fori.: 
tbe international reputationoF - tt 
the New End Thvmid niniC'J' J. 

the New End Thyroid Ctinkr 

Kerry's remarkable person^ 
al (realities served him weflT 
both as administrator and-, 
surgeon from 1932 until re- 
tirement from New End in' 
1966 when he was created - 

All who knew him wiQ 

w D . . --- - recall with affection the tall, 

son and Mr Randolph Ledcrer. I newly established unit which gangling figure and the boom -4 

s^^wMlssfcsasat isSShrass' 

of its surgery. to his staff. 

Donald Trefford (editor,. The 

Observer) read from a speech by 
the Hon David Aster and Lord 
SiefF of Brimpton gave an 
address. Among those present 



Mr azxPJR 

»°W WHw). Mr »pd Mr» Btaka 
cant uaMMaw tad 

Jactru«iln* Ltaerer wJ 

Saran aad K athtatacl 

Anna - 


rawntn, Mr J Dsvta. Mr .J TSmSTmt 

Bsa. Mr Paul Ftntt. Mr 
AnBiqpy HawanL Mr Edward Man. 
5Jta jCtonda Ckatt. Mr Robert 

Tntfam. Mr 


afera te froarig 

■S Ura. Mrs VUOlBlMp, I 

Paul Stewart, an American 
cha r acte r actor who madr his 
film dentin 1941 playing the 
part of the valet in Orson 
wdies’s Citizen Kane, died in. 
Los Angeles on February 17, 
aged 77. 

Born in New York; Stewart 
acted in Broadway produc- 
tions as a teen-ager. 

He joined Orson Welles’s 
theatre group in 1938, and 
also tow; part in the now 
celebrated radio broadcast of 
H.G. Wells’s War of the 
Worlds which convinced 
many listeners in America 

Lucky, Twelve O’clock High 
The Window. The Bad and. the 

Beautiful and Kiss Me Dead 


Later he turned to diitcong : 
radio and television shows. 

Dick James J 

In our obituary of ’ 
James (February 4) we staled- 
that “he was bested in .*•* ’ 
High Court by his prisrip>J * 
protege when he lost a fcg“; 
battle over royalties to S*®} 
John”. None of the persona ; 
claims a gainst Dick ■ 

were successful norMr John ^ ; 

that a Martian invasion ofthe daim for the retnrn -offfi 

omrl/t nnr nMi.nlU. L "l. . ... . JmaaC ’ 

was actually taking 

ftjehard Smd! 

Ferguwm. Mr and Mra EtfK-zr e 


Mrs B Sandabon. 

'tad Mr tad 


Frequently seen in sinister 
roles, he took part in many 
films, notable among them Air 

1 ,' -wj 


^ g y rfi 

' v - '.Stitts* 


copyright in his l , 

Mr John was successful 
obtaining an increased n>J® 
in reject of iris compost® 
from Didc James Music. 

* 4 

1 . 



The life 

of Lulu 

&s. u sartE 





* uvuuv 

Death of a sacred old slogan 

One of Us 

; ^ 


v 5^ 

• - PUD 'Ht^. 

• . ijij, . 

• - 

- ..'>W 

sss n 

=, raaSrs ssSSasasS 

she insisted in wa ,^ s ’ according to Mr Chapman, 

black-and-white imLS?S^ SJaSS 1 ® 0 ^ bomc ^° m Washington 

night’s memorial on aOS ^ c!ea ^ and then 

{BBC 21 shedM n«! ■ ^.Pnvate decision to defect 

act Loin in Pabst’s mtorfoiK the t0 P ronoun ce on 

Pandora's Bor. 3«J XUS?"* JE prob ?b»Iily this theory. So fer a 

ST ^ X ’ 5hesnn P | y^ Blnn^ 5 ' fw! 00 ? 3 ^ * tocJt 

■ Bi “ n * in Ihe role of an abandoned lover 

we fc* 0 " town ? n nd »? Pipp>taie a crisis of ronsrience 
keonetb Tynan’s celebrated }? ^ Chapman’s main cbn^. 

Sr York r profife aSfroS G ?7 3 ?.r y Rees - caaraci «- 

tor own Lula in Hollywood, r J!S ® c - spies in the 

i^ n> ^^L S .- eareer **" a deridS £j mb I ld ,§ & rade, Rees is not a 
1^, P^^^jeanmt, from a t!^yjf e,10dnarae ' was - however, privy 
teenage Ziegfeld hoofer to her J?’*? 11 ' secrets: and. although he shed his 
kst. ignoble appearance in ^Pad^es ax toe Molotov- 

1938 opposite John Warae /v bbentJ ?P pact, he contrived to keen 
and a ventriloquist's dummy jj* mouth Jut. out of personal loyalty. In 
*5“ « * were, the Garbo e “*»»s and Blunt could still 

who qmt whDe she was behind. &ealhimas one of us"; and the play fo- 

T . . coses on friTTV « * -r .... -• 

■*&&& tp 

Tynan s monochrome ghost 

resurfaced to repeat his m«f£- ra «h^ CZT " “c wouio 

fled hyperbole, therp hetray his country than hie 

tautalmngly brief cling frrm fnendsln the end, Rees takes Blunt by 

miri^aiU^ fi>n*s him to repeat throe 
flapper-operas. ®ad we words, adding that he can now dismiss 

— — — — — , hjai mv uu&y IO- 

rases on tom as a means of retesting 
5r™S Er s declaration that he would 

- >^k 

/ -V-tofcj, 

f :r fets; 
• iA-aej 


'• i?J C*f- 

' ~a&K: 

( -**» t 

- *>e: 

" U||: 


fjfeg her as a ci^-Sre 
Indian. Brooks herseffre! 
panned blithely unimpressed 
°> “w own talent, and her 
speech reflected the articulacv 
of her journalism. 

Her spoken recollections of 
Pabst s singular working 
methods _ were fascinating 
enough, if only because that 
hept breaking mouth had fi- 
9 naliy acquired a voice, but the 
programme's account of her 
last 50 years was frustratingly 
l ain. Do no ordinary citizens 

sm-vive who remember her as a 
salesgirl or a bloated alcohol- 
ic? For such an anti-Holly- 
wood story, this was an oddly- 
laminated treatment. 

Mr Chapman rakes treachery in 
earnest. and is not afraid of driving his 
viewpoint through to an uncompromis- 
ing. conclusion. Even the setting, in the 
P rden of Rees’s Thames-side home 
(magically realized in Bob Crowley’s 
assembly of semi-reflective plastic and 
pressed foliage), strikes the note of 
fclganan patriotism. 

Unfortunately, the queasy writhfogs of 
an uncommitted fellow-traveller do not 
easily lend themselves to theatrical 
character; and, no matter what they 
reveal about the postwar po&tical dan- 
science, Rees himself remains a lareelv 
passive figure. He even refers to hints® 
as Mr Nobody. And none of the Welsh 
aggression Anthony Andrews puts into 
the role ran conceal the feet that, for 
most of the lime, he is on the receiving 
end: trying to keep Burgess's. friendship 
without endangering his job at ATI Souk 
frTmg to preserve his marriage while 

|2Sra=sa!^acj!B»«5S5B - 

keepins the truth fmm k» > _ • 

• In thp Nnmm n v eno - “yinfi u> keep Burgess’; 

f (Central) p^senfed^ jS!?' 1 J^WeringhSjob t 

• ;^®J r rically opposed female arche- I 10 IWEservE 

--tr type, the resilient, caring earth 

■/ ,£: mother for whom ^parent” is a n ,, ^ 

veth. Jeanette Roberts, the "CDCatll One 
solidly capable former district Rannor 
r nurse who has acquired a ^ 

“famfly" of 22 unwanted chil- Climbemauld 
dren, was the subject of Nigel — 

r.-pftjSijrra g » 

’ * nrb “ 1 8 | y adult brood remov- burning coals to Newcastle^ 

T "f TULSUHIL Ess ? neither place netSTmuch 
r <t t ^ reminding of- the tenacity of 

n^ y ^o^^?i edauniD ? ^ ^e divisions. This, tbouS, is 
flves of aged leprosy patients precisely the scheme for 7-84 
in an armouring hospital bomeJ S^lSto-oo 

Thie I nimv nf miM.. T ■ 

keeping the truth from his wife; and only 

S”L c “ mpromisc ■ s™ 1 «*» 

iyiother disadvantage is that the 
action is laid out in this sequence more 
to serve a political argument than to 

pioL ."^y- for instance, does 
Burgess descend on Rees's home and 
take tom into his confidence when Rees 
is now noth mg more than an old pal* 
Why does Bmgess’s flight throw him into 
a panic as if be too were involved? 

9 f fi* other .characters. Burgess is 
as . a teasing, outrageous queen, 
and played with scene-strafing flamboy- 

=£ 15 ? w h° sets full shock 

dram &- onc rooment when he 
arops the badinage and erums in 
political passsion Blunt, a weary intrud- 

£.^si h ^i ,< JV Seho d ' u beautifully played 
^^dHorovitch as a figure 6f ol“ 
maidish dignity who involuntarily shows 

2*2“ ,n aski, « wh «ber Rees has 
Passed any secrets to his wife. Allan 

p5 [? du 5 Uon Presents a clear 


wrthy. In feet it is a very humour enterinB in 

? c ¥ np,e of Niches whSe%ling 

One SOrt Of nnlitmtl thMtrw a ~t: i-.w 

one sort of political theatre: a 
canny combination of the 
light-hearted and the heavy- 
handed, the subtle and the 
imsubtle, handled with a mea- 
sure of self-irony. 

McCarthy applies little de- 
tail to the divisions between 
the Orange and the . Green 

tnpnKvlu» 111. — * . _ 

Irving Wardle 


humour, entering into the *COIlCert honest . Andreas’s film, 

cliches while pushing across ^ though, glows with the hones- 

glimpses of the painful reality Dmftn AlexeeV ^ ° f sdfl< ™ icisrn - 

behind them: Doreen Cam- Elizabeth Hall Zsolt Kezdi-Kovacs’s The 

cron * resiltentiy parstmoni- i ^ 1DCin HaJI Absentee is also a bold at- 

ous Scots mother scrimps to _T ” tempt to analyze the malaise, 

teed her children; Nora The responsibility of being the The ordinarily courteous Bu- 
Connoijy s perky, pretty Irish leading Soviet pianist of the dapest audience was vocal in 

Robinson reports on Hungary’s 
NationaI Fil ® Festival in Budapest 

the instant. Everyone admits 1 yT 1 • • , 

- SSSii; £ Malaise so vividly 

Si-wS experienced 

the state still looks for the 

same quantitative output 
(though in 1985 the usual 
number of 20 films fell to f 7). 

Toe film industry hay under- 
gone drastic reorganization, 
and more time has been taken 
up with bureaucratic affairs 
than preparation of scenarios. 

Accidentally, the worid-dass 
directors. Szabo. Jancs6 and 
Makk. are between produc- 

. There are deeper psycholog- 
ical considerations. Hungar- 
^ns, more than their socialist 
neighbours further east, are as 
much afflicted as the West by 
fite universal anxieties of a 
° l "teufi era. The socialist 
world, at a crisis-point of 
change and future uncertainty. 

( has ns special worries [Pravda 
has just criticized the new 
Hungarian economic policies, 
and that is the kind of thing 
that has everyone on tenter- 

Malaise, in fact, is the name 
of the game. And it is nowhere 
so vividly raptured as in a new 
film by Ferenc Andreas, ironi- 
cally entitled The Great Gen- 

I eration. Still only in rough-cut, 
and officially assigned to 
1986-87 production, this was 
certainly the best on view at 
the Hungarian National Film 

Festival to Budapest. It is the _ 

°!ii 8rDup farads who Paradoxically the year’s most exportable film for the 

graduated together in the universal human interest of its story!piI Zolnav’s Emhrw* 
heady atmosphere of J968, s tmbr yos 

and in 1986 have hit forty! his second. Time Stood Still dilemma „„ 

Si 6 n r lU I n of ^ received innumerable interna- woman comrmliiari^^ik!^ 

BraSoS in ihr&SA^s^ P^for^^^omisto^ riSSe“ ‘to^lf^ T* 3 ® 

nu^.all their ^siflSsfo^ erif^f ^ ' s 0ut ^ n ^ 

asssaas aasss fif atfa ea 

>wn example is now corrupt- clan), he presents a surrealist anrw lw ? 

ng ttoir children. Two M vision of a ™ 

I] en ’ fifrm the generation that nightmare holiday. Their fort- Dlaverx f r L b ,° mi ^J l J* 
h«e jO-yearroJds might be night beside like Sam n ^ * 

x pected to suspect and even throws them into contact with „ 

«pise. meet and tell each the past (the hotel caretaker is * „ » haps ^fleeting the na- 
other At least we were a sinister survivor from the Hfj 13 ^ ur 5' s reservations 
honest Andreas’s film, dark Fifties) and the future (at ab< ^ ut f ?L ur ? fi,ms * ,he 
tfaoujgh. glows with the hones- the end of the film the father k J 1121 " pn ?^ ° r lhe festival went 
ty of self-criticism. an old man and his child t0 8 n J“ ,I i:P ar1 documentary 

Zsolt Kezdi-Kovacs’s The gro^up)- .The targets of this S^ v «h?wSl^?J!!. hich ’ 
Absentee is also a bold at- SUJTeaI “Hre are evidently 
tempt to analyze the malaise. 

his second. Time Stood Still, dilemma of an unmarried 
JJJJ'Y 8 ** ,n ^ureerable interna- woman contemplating abor- 

kyo Fesuval. Working with a 
young novelisL Peter Esterhi- 
zy (of the authentic Esterhizy 
clan), he presents a surrealist 
vision of a young family’s 
nightmare holiday. Their fort- 
night beside Lake Balaton 
throws them into contact with 
the past (the hotel caretaker is 

jng merit of this modest, 
highly accomplished film lies 
in the performances of two 
actresses. Erzsebet Gaal and 
Kan Uzar. who might be 
players from a work by 

. Perhaps reflecting the na- 
tional jury's reservations 

a sinister survivor from the IE! , J ur J’ s reservations 
dark Fifties) and the future (at ab< ^ ul f ® aIure films, the 
the end of the film the fether k !!! a,n pn ?^ ° r the festival went 

neitner place needs much ^ ana the. Green 

reminding of- the tenacity of • “ iem selves. His concern is the 
ti) e di visions. This, thoughts ®P«ree of division, and his 
precisely the scheme for 7:84 P 1 ®**® 86 ™ 1 divisions in the 

w — 

labour force — ‘ be they 
orange/green or whatever else 
*7 'rad power to the arm of 

Connolly’s perky, pretty Irish 
redhead loses her virtue for 
her father's whiskey, while he, 
your huge, drinking, heart-of- 
gold Irishman (Iain McColl), 
has turned alcoholic toescape 
reality. Blind fanaticism 
meanwhile is belittled on both 
sides by the comically pomp- 
ous stereotypes who purvey it 

HPTP thp Inter 

younger generation has occa- 
sionally seemed to weigh 
heanly on Dmitri Alexeev. 
Brilliant technique has always 
been evident, but sometimes 

dapest audience was vocal in 
us dislike of the film, which 
probably reflects the unspar- 
ing perspicacity of its best 
parts rather than some short- 
comings in the cast and over- 

flTYI hition in tliA T*t 

* uuca; ana me rutiiie (a! 
the end of the film the & liter is 
an old man and his child 
grown up). The targets of this 
surreal satire are evidently 
more apparent to Hungarians, 
but there is no ignoring the 
belligerence of this explosive, 
puzzling film. 

I----— — >‘*v v a i went 

to a multi-part documentary 
senes by Sandor Sira which - 
portrays the history of postwar 
Hungary through the changing 
fortune of a stud-farm. Anoth- 
er notable documentary of the 
year. Pal Schiffer’s Cowboys, 
was more immediately criti- 

Pftr* *a pihA ^ a. . e m 

This documentary, both P 16 ** . of misty subversive ar ¥ 1 Se/8 rcen or whatever else Maes oy the comically pomp- 
moving and baffling, had the expediency building on the 7 ’rad power to the arm of ons stereotypes who purvey it. 
feel of a rose-tinted children’s inflammatory nature of the Ulose m ibar Sf^ who actively the boss really is the 

film subverted by unknown subject-matter in both places “courage them. Not exactly a of the piece, and Finlay 

menace. The mystery of who. to re-focus on just what the 5 ew ^ 5eme ’ nor with in Wels b s McNab issues corn- 

attempted to wreck the bnr- opposition is. gpP“» but given new energy "tends to his ambitious young 

geontog friendship between Shaun McCarthvk nramh, ^ McCarthy’s wittv »«- *f agent provocateur with a mM 

“S the devdqpnientSl 
2S5! *“* tbre * temn8 divisions in a small Scottish 
componndedv pit town in the mid-l%h 

bv Mr Evans c rvtnuniimnhi I nml.n. _.v .v . 

vt.wv.uv, uui suincumes *-uiumgs m me cast ana over- 
b,s jorerpretations have ambition in the writing. The 
sounded too sober-spirited, action is sprung when the 

Atlu QAmP nm-rTinnl.i I*—. Katyi a miVai «L. • «. . 

No, ferd to T ve„„«v £ rSUSS mSSu 
is there any doubt of the talent months in the lives of five 

involved intoe 

position is. out given new energy HUiJlus ro ms ambitious young 

Shaun McCarthy’s new nfav by McCarthy’s witty use of provocateur with a cold, 
lows us^S^Srf “dodrama. nm- gnrniig relish Hat has you 

KUUU |,-14UU noa umipuiuweai 

by Mr Evans’s extraordinarily 
spare narrative procedure, 
which at times gave die viewer 
far too ranch work to do. It was 
.as compellingly artificial as 
'«ny televisfon drama. 

saaftfiraS SSjEESr 

Pit town in the nSdS it and parodying .L 

centuiy, when the employers . MacLennan’s pro- 
draft m a group of famine^ duraon keeps the pot boiling, 
struck Irish families to work 1 ° orou 8'uy enjoying the con- 

the DllS. SA fnrriino fha StlDt COOm)DtBtlOn& SI fVMtrpw 

K f Mfiu h will, 

glittering relish that has you 
searching for the trap-door. 

It is a production that 
occasionally runs foul of its 
own staginess, strong on 
punch, weak on depth - but 
its irresistible vitality and 

ntimniip rm«wi< _ *.i ! 

Ana some puzzlingly low- hero, a pilot m the agricultural 
profile rareer choices, for a air service, crashes his plane 
■ iT 5 Corepranon winner while using it to pursue a 
with limited opportunities to parting lover. Grounded and 
impress western audiences, awaiting trial, be explores with 
nave hardly aided his cause. the people around him alter- 
This recital of Chopin's 24 aau ’ ve P 31 ^ of spiritual es- 
Preludes and Four Ballades at ~ materialism of the 

Driller, a satire about the ups and downs*of ■ 

dectnc dnll and sex-appeal - - 

and the mores of an apart- 1 ‘Jfre ,s perhaps a lesson for 
ment-house complex. ine “ un 8anan cinema in the 

T^new opportunities for ^ 

to^ tfiem? r ^f^wi SO p^ V,C ^ e dismally inept comedies 
fnnnMMm of Erdoss s ( Healthy Eroticism and The 
F * ne Enchanted Dollars) knd a 

znances ui neo-documentary charmingly naive teen film 
sole .re somewhat vitiated 1^ (SI? Tii! First B/S 

Preludes and Four Ballades at 
least allowed tantalizing 
gumpses of a more extrovert 
Alexeev. There was genuine 
passion evident in the way he 
m a intain ed toe mercurial pat- 
tern-figuration of Prelude No 

A wht A ririthWi. A. iL I . 

I •innuiui)' ui me COB 

Martin Cropper, ISTSrtg 



new economic system, love, 
sex, renewal of his marriage, 
mysticism, hobbies — but 
finds all of them dead ends. 

The most controversial 
study of toe national unease 

— vwkiMiibuiaij' 

style are somewhat vitiated by 
the heavy-handed moral 
about the dangers, psychologi- 
cal and economic, of going it 

P&1 Zolnay employs a com- 



*•% ' • 1 

I Commissioner for Local Aifminisfralwii in Scotland 



Mr E L Gillett. Commissioner for Local Administration 
in Scotland, is to retire on 30 June 1 986. In accordance 
with section 21(2) of the Local Government (Scotland) 
Act 1975. the Secretary of Slate for Scotland WKI, after 
consultation with the Convention of Scottish Local Au- 
thorities, recommend a successor for appointment by 

Her Majesty the Quean. - . 

The Commissioner’s main task is to investigate and 
i report on complaints of injustice in consequence of - 
J maladministration by local authorities and certain ^ other 
' •' bodies. The Commissioner's office is in Edinburgh. 

- ' ' ■* The post is part-time (at present half-time), is remuner- 
, v ' ated at the appropriate portion of a .salary of £40,000 . 
y to £42,000 per annum and is pensfonabfe. It is to be 
expected that only a person with considerable experi- 
■ • ' ence of public administration at a senior level'- wfl! be. 
appointed. '*• 

Persons interested in being considered for the post or 
wishing to suggest a name or names for consideration , 
•' should write in confidence by 14 March 1986 to: 

•' The Secretary, Scottish Development- Department, 

• Room 4/89, New St Andrew’s House, EDINBURGH 
X. EH13SZ. 

* * ai • 

^ Issued by the Scottish Office. 

— — - " - Mill OUU . - , 7W — 0VU» 

snaip Scots idioms, he puts Mc yanhy s undoubted angry 

them to good effect, abetted by ^ratm. 

-the cast They adopt their rj- 

cameo characters wi th agile dAHlfl He mming 

CZ7T> SERIES cimr% 


Rozhdestvensky/LSO triumph 

*’ e wdraKd with and. 

■ 00 Sunday, one can only wail impariently for The 
Kae of Sprmg which ends the series on February 20 ... - 

’ , • ' (The Times, Feb, //J I 

xvuprrow 20 February 745pm 1 


■ conducts I 

STRAVINSKY The Rite of Spring 

programme also includes r ° j 

oebussy:“™:::~:::::;; r;'^ : ;;:' pa ^ adf I 

Senes sponsored by Nikon U K. Limited | 

ffl tote it when he pushes you Jj 
around Max 99 j; 

«He can’t help it— it keeps him \l 
in practice for other people 99 >. 

to® Me i 

...eJlTNCMi : 

A comedy 



Shaftesbury Avenue. London W[ 
BOX OFFICE 01437 1592 

Sijr , ■ ™ uicw 

from No I^s repeated-note 
passages was compelling. But 
Ifi In other respects this perfor- 
mance fell some way short of 
his wopderfuj Chopin Waltzes 
I recording issued last year — a 
I recording which revealed his 
I potential to join the highest 
| rank of Russian Chopin inter- 
I preiers. 

_ I In the EMI studios, of 
~ I course, movements can be j 
| I repeated until toe technical 
land interpretative elements I 
I coincide in perfection. If only I 
I Alexeev could have taken a I 
, . I second shot at some of the I 
J I preludes here: we might have I 
I hoard a more controlled ac- 1 
I count of i he fiendish No 16 I 
I than this frantic, jittery scam- 1| 
jper. where toe upper pass- 1 
lagework was increasingly I 
I swamped by desperately ag- f j 
Igressive left-hand chords and I 
I heavy pedalling. On toe other J[ 
I hand we might also have lost |( 
I the spontaneous nobility of II 
I his phrasing in toe celebrated | 

I A major Prelude. No 7. II 
J That prelude also demon- (I 
■I $1 rated, in miniature, Alex- II 
lleev’s unusual rubato style, I 
I lending to extend gaps be- II 
| tween phrases rather than! 

I prying toe tempo within || 

I them. It is a technique which II 
I r-u se< ‘ ms to parlcagp 1 1 

I Chopin’s passions a little too II 
I neatly. I 

I _ But his ability to highlight (j 
I inner detail, to vary ihedistri- 1 1 
I button of weight where pas- 1 
I sages are repeated, and to I 
I shape more extended para- II 
I graphs persuasively, were all I j 
j demonstrated in the Ballades. It 
I The F minor, opening with I 
beautifully veiled tone and I 
nsmg to a thoroughly con- II 
vincing apotheosis, offered the I 
jCyening’s most expressive II 
splaying right at its conclusion. II 

Richard Morrison |[ ' 

r micaac rai ^oinay employs a com- 

tET'rSBJ*" W pa ™ b - ,e ne o-documenrary 
' m^bSfof^f S,Iy U,C ^5 ,n Evidentiy 

SS«S>T^ t r 0 I- ,he y 0 *" 1 ?®* 1 "tede on a minimal budget 
® r J“5 0r *- using video techniques, this is 
"'Jf ™* A . Pr 'S e f^ s Day* paradoxically toe year’s most 
Uo 2 “portable film for to?un^ 
for toe best debut work, and sal interest of its story: toe 

(Lore Till First Blood). The 
audience's enthusiasm for 
these and for any American 
import dearly indicates a 
vacuum to be filled. Much as 
we critics esteem Hungarian 
film-makers for toe role they 
have assumed as toe nation's 
moralists, it is at their peril 
that they neglect or underesti- 
mate toe need, if they are to 
reach toeir audience, to be 
entertainers too. 


'Tfee growing legions of Keep Fit 
X. enthusiasts have brought about 
an increasing demand for new, com- 
fortable sports and leisure wear. 

TTTe have selected this high quality 
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Times readers by Mr. President, the 
originator of the classic American 
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T he leisure suit is made of 50% 
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You don’t need to be a regular ' 

reader of the Financial Times to know BB marks and spencer plc 


that this is a list Of very successful ^B BRITISH petroleum comrvny RjC : 


companies. HI alued-lyons plc 

HI the boots company plc 

But progressive and far-siqhted? BB the associationofbritish tra^lagentsijmited r^B 


Certainly H| cadbury schweppes plc ^B 

T-. ■ BAKER reRKINS PLC ' .O'^B^I 

l hey all recognise that they can ■ PILKINGTON BROTHERS PLC ;>/:• \ T^B^ j 


only stay successful by training ^B builders' merchants federation : : 


young people for the future. tesco stores ltd. . 



And that having properly-trained ■ gallaher tobacco ,uki uMna M 

_ _ . | • r , Hi THE DISTILLERS COMPANY PLC - •^^BI V r 

people working for you means higher essoukplc ;.v:^^BI £ 


productivity. ^B asda-mr group plc :^H | % 


And that a regular input of ^B the plessey comrany plc t *- r ^H I £ 


enthusiastic young people has a H electricity council ^^Bl v 

J o r' r “ - HHj . ibmukumited * 

positive effect on everyone in a firm. ■ .. JB 1 

Which is why they’re about to B "otiTtauSh.^ “"B j | 


take on thousands Of school-leavers HI SCOTTISH and NEWCASTLE breweries : . I S 


on the new 2 year YTS. WM '■ - IMPERIAL CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES PLC \ ^B I f." 


These tightly-run companies will, H AU f™“™ B I ■ ~ 

|MH •• • -•»••• dASSPLC l • ■ - - . I 


h the happy agreement of their Argyll group plc ^B | 

finance directors, be devoting I time rank xerox umited , ^B I 

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sixteen and seventeen year olds BB the general electric company plc £ 


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Inn rotnmn * ^B BRITISH AEROSRACE ’ ^ l ^-^BI £>' 

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Up to now, over 100,000 com- HERE’S HOW TO GET OW fl^r ^ 

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I ^ L 

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*> l&D J 



t on 







FT 30 Share 

1234.3 (+13.6) 


1491.9 (+16.6) 


114.56 (+0.23) 



$1.4290 (+0.9C) 

W German mark 

Dm3-3496(+ 0.0283) 

j Trade-weighted 

74 (+0.4) 

UB stake 
at 14.9% 

Amoco offer 

Amoco, the on company, is 
issuing $200 minion (£141 
million) of 9% per cent 30- 
year Eurobonds at par, the 
. lead manager. Morgan Stanley 
International, said yesterday. 
Guaranteed by Amoco Corpo- 
ration, the senior bonds will 
' mature on March 20, 2016. 
Amoco is the first corporate 
borrower to issue 30-year 
fixed-rate Eurodollar bonds, 
following the World Bank’s 
pioneering 30-year issue in 

Bid deadline 

The Takeover Panel M s 
redrawn the timetable for j 
Argyll's £2:3 billion bid for ; 
Distillers after the reference to , 
the Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission of the rival bid 
*>' from Guinness. The 39th day, 
after which Distillers cannot 
release new significant infor- 
mation, will be next Friday, 
and the 60th day, when the bad 
most dose finally, wifi, be 
Friday, March 14. 

PPL placing 

J Henry Schroder Wagg has 
placed 2.068.000 shares at 
I45p in PPL. a software 
company which designs and 
markets mainframe and mini- 
computer software packages, 
and which ts valued at £8.9 
million. Application has been 
made for PPL's shares to be 
listed on the Slock Exchange. 
PPL's broker is Cazenove. 
Tempos, page 19 

i Banks in 

The Japanese finance min- .i 
istry has approved applies- j 
lions by three more foreign 1 
banks to set up trust banking i 
subsidiaries there. They are I 
Chemical Bank of the United 
States, and Switzerland’s 
Union Bank and Credit 

Interest plan 

Deutsche Bundesbank, the 
West German central bank, 
says in its latest monthly 
report that its recent open 
market operations signalled to 
market participants its inten- 
tion to hold key interest rates 
on the money market at 
present levels levels. 

, Designer link 

The British Institute for 
Interior Design says il has had 
an approach from the Society 
of Industrial Artists and De- 
signers about a possible merg- 
er. No _ formal discussions' 
have started. 

Elders bny 

Elders Finance Group, a 
subsidiary of Elders DCL, the 
Australian company, has ag- 
reed to boy the. financial 
services activities of RndoIf 
Wolff the commodity broker. 

$750m issue 

Sumitomo Trust and 
Banking’s London branch has 
arranged to issue $750 million 
(£528 million) in certificates 
of deposit through a group of 




Mam & Company— 


Citibank' Savings!" 
Consolidated Cnte— 
CwdmenUal Trust — 
Co-operative Bank.-. 
C. Hoars & Co—— 
Lloyds Bank-.u — 
Mat Westminster — 
Boyd Ba* of Seated 

TS8~ — 

caaa* W — - 

12 **% 







Surprise surge in revenue 
boosts public surplus 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

By Sarah Hogg, Economics Editor 

United Biscuits bought a 
further 6. 14 per cent of impe- 
rial Group, taking its holding 
up to 14.9 per cent, the 
maximum takeover rules per- 
mit. UB bought 8.8 per cent 
on Monday when it launched, 
its record £2.4 billion bid. 
Rothschild Asset Manage- 
ment sold 6.3 million Imperial 
shares or 0.8 pear cent. ' . 

Imperial has not yei recom- 
mended UB's bid. It is seeking 
guarantees on employee rights 
and an acceptable manage- 
ment structure. 

There is no prospect of the 
rival £2.27 billion bid from ! 
Hanson Trust being recom- 
mended. Hanson has until the 
end of this week to declare 
whether it reserves its options 
to raise its bid. 

The public sector swung 
sharply into surplus .in Janu- 
ary. cutting its borrowing re- 
quirement for the first 10 
months of 1985-86 to only 
£3.2 billion. 

Publication of figures show^ 
ing a net repayment of £4.5 
billion in January, roughly 
twice the figure forecast by the 
markets, had 1 an immediate 
impact on interest nates. Mon- 
ey market rates eased by up to 
*/ib per cent yesterday* with 
three-month inter-bank rate 
felling ?/ie per cent to 124k- 
1216 per cent at yesterday’s 

January normally sees a 
seasonal swing into surplus in 
the public sector's accounts, 
with a sharp increase in tax 
payments, and this year's 
figures were boosted modestly 
by the receipt of £439 million 
of the 1984 rebate of Britain’s 
contributions to the European 
Community, pins £70 million 
of the 1985 rebate: 

But the main explanation 
for the size of the surplus is 
that the surge in tax receipts 

was much larger than expect- 
ed; This is now said to be 
explained bath by stronger- 
than-forecast company profits 
and increased penalties on late 
payments of income tax. 

- Inland Revenue receipts, at 
£10.5 billion in January, were 
a full £23 billion higher than 
in the same month of last year. 
Over the first 10 months of 
1985-86, total Consolidated 
Fund Revenue was 10.5 per 
cent higher than in the previ- 
ous. year. Inland Revenue 
receipts were £5.8 billion high- 
er than in 1984-85, and Cus- 
tontsand Excise recei pt s were 
£2 bfllioD higher. .Higher VAT 
revenues are said to reflect a 
change in the pattern of 
consumer spending, towards 
proportionately ' more pur- 
chases of VAT-rated goods. 

By contrast, public spend- 
ing seems to be remaining 
fruity comfortably in line with 
the' Government's forecasts. 
Total consolidated fund ex- 
penditure was 6 per cart 
higher than the previous year 
during the first 10 months of 


Cumulative figures 

1M3-M 1S8+SS 19BM6 



2 A 

1 3 




. 2.7 












.4 A 















10L 2 












billion in the same period of 
1983-84. Local authorities' 
contribution to the PSBR 
amounted to £500 million 
during the first 10 months. of 
this financial year*. 

The public sector can be 
expected to swing back into 
deficit before the end of the 
financial year, as public 
spending departments use up 
what is left of their annual 
budgets. Revenue figures can 

Bid fervour sustains 
the equity market 

Lower interest rates would riot do the Thomas Tilling to BTR (surely the 

[‘.iivaHUy ».-»m i i Mu i i Mi 1 i . ra n 775 

also be expected to weaken, as 
the first effects of the fell in oil 
prices show through. Al- 
though the most recent decline 
will not affect revenues until 
the next financial year, the 
pre-Christmas cut will affect 
March revenues. 

However, the 

Government’s forecast of an 
£8 billion PSBR for the full 
financial year (raised from its 
original esti mate of £7 billion) 
now looks comfortable. The 
Treasury is not prepared to re- 
estimate the figure in advance 
of the Budget on March 18, 
and has even then been known 
to misforecast the final result 
by as much as £2 billion. 

1985-86, which suggests a 
more modest rise in total 
public expenditure after due 
allowance for privatization 

The January figures -are 
dominated by the central gov- 
ernment surplus. Central gov- 
ernment borrowing on its own 
account was cut to only £2.7 
billion during the first 10 
months of this year, compared 
with £5.7 billion in the same 
period of 1984-85 and £6.3 

Former Dunlop chief wins 
top position at Lloyd’s 

By Alison Earfie 

• Mr Alan Laid, wbo was 
group managing director of 
Dunlop, the tyres group/from 
1980 to 1984, has been ap- 
pointed chief executive and 
deputy chairman of Lloyd's 
insurance market, wuxfledmg 
Mr Ian Hay Davison. , - 
He has been appointed on a 
five-year contract, with the 
same tenns of reference as Mr 
Davison and on not less than 
Mr Davison's salary of 
£120,000 a year. His appoint- 
ment has been approved by 
the Governor of foe Bank of 
England and is efi^ctivefoom 
March 1. 

Alan Lord: 

Mr Lord left Dunlop when 
Sir Michael Edwandes joined 
foe board in November 1984. 
Sir Michael's arrival heralded 
foe famous night of the long 
knives, when Mr Lord re- 
signed along with Sir Maurice 
Hodgson, chairman of Dim- 
fop Holdings^hreeothcr ejtec- ' 
utrve directors and four nj>ft- . 
executive directors. 

When asked yestetriay^if be- 
thought he was sufficiently 
tough to do the job at Lloyd’s, 
MrLoid said yes and cited foe 
feet font he had sadly had to 
make 8,000 Durilop^rapto^ 
ees redundant to save the 
remaining jobs. 

Mr Loro said his priorities 
in foe ne w ap po in tment would 
be first to learn about foe 
insurance market, second to 

get foe administration run- 
ning smoothly, and. third to 
continue the process of regula- 
tion and maintain the mo- 
mentum of reform of foe 
Davison regime. Mr Lord has 
no experience of the insurance 
industry and is not a “name” 
at Lloyd’s. 

-Mr Refer Miller, chairman 
of Uc^rs^ paid tribute to Mr 
Davison, saying it was “fitting 
and proper to record 
publicaDy foe deep sense of 
debt Lloyd’s owes to Mr 
.Davison in foe evolution of a 
successful system of self- 

Mr Davison announced his 
intention to resign from 
Lloyd’s last November when 
he felt that the council of 
Lloyd's was trying to curt) foe 
powers of the chief executive. 

Soon after his resignation, Mr 
Miller said the terms of refer- 
ence of the chief executive 
would not be downgraded. 

Tire disagreement stemmed 
from foe setting up in Septem- 
ber of a working party, under 
the chairmanship of Sir 
Kenneth Benin — who is a 
no minated member of Lloyd's 
council as well as chai rman of 
the Securities and Investment 
Board - to examine the 
administrative structure of 
Lloyd's and to. took at the 
function of the chief execu- 
tive. The working party was 
set up after an embarrassing 
£22 million accounting error 
was discovered in the 
corporation's annual ac- 

Mr Lord's emphasis on 
administration is a reflection 
of the council's priorities and 
foe new needs of Lloyd’s in 
moving to a new buikfrng and 
setting up new and increasing- 
ly sophisticated compttter sys-' 

Mr Lord beW several public 
appointments with the ^Trea- 
sury, inland Revenue and 
Department of Trade and 
Industry before moving to 
Dunlop in 197X He is resign- 
ing all his outside' appoint- 
ments to take up his Lloyd's 
job. These include a non- 
executive directorship of the 
Bank of England, and Johnson 
Matfoey Bankers, and of Al- 




flfr Richard Thomson 
Ranking Correspondent 

Franchising likely to expand in UK 

Franchising. while having 
growth potential in Britain, 
can still be very risky. 

A new financial survey* of 
franchising by Jordans, foe 
information service, shows 
some companies in foe sector 
see only a short-lived period 
of growth. However, it also 
shows there is a broad range of 
success, with some companies 
showing omsistently high lev- 
els of profitability. 

Franchising turnover last 
year is estimated to have been 
£1.7 million. There are 
thought to be up to 240 
franchisors in Britain, they are 
the organizations with a busi- 
ness format whose use is 
effectively licensed to a fran- 

The average number of 
units for franchisors .is 37 
which there are some 

8300 franchised outlets alto- 
gether in the country. 

The survey's figures on 
turnover and other estimates 
are rather higher than in ofoer 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

g earlier surveys but the rate of d 
i, growth in franchising here » 
over foe past five years has h 
if been considerable with the 
e industry almost doubling in n 
$ size in foe past two years B 
r franchising trends in Bril- is 

d ain follow foe United States al 
o pattern there is much poten- fr 
if tial growth still, the Jordans 
s survey repeats . In the US p 
u franchising accounts for a u 
third of retail, turnover with n 
t sales last year of $530 billion fi 
a (about £373 trillion). h 

t Few franchise operations in c 
J Britain have -saturated their w 
e market , according to the b 
_ survey. As they do so they are la 

Ukeiytouse their expertise to 
develop additional formats. 
An example is Prontaprmt, 
foe. instant printing chain, 
which developed Poppies, a 
franchised, domestic and in- 
dustrial cleaning service. 

Meanwhile, financing of 
franchise operations appears 
to be getting easier. The high 
street banks recognize fran-. 

chising as a growth area and 
some have managers special- 
izing in foe sector.. 

Financing of franchisees has 
not been the main-worry of the - 
British Franchise Association; 
is has been more anxious 
about the lack of backing for 

The industry is watching the 
progress of Franchise Inves- 
tors Ltd (FILX launched in the 
middle of last year as Britain’s 
first investment fund special- 
izing in providing finance and 
expertise for franchisors. FTL, 
whose backers include a num- 
ber of City institutions, was 
bunched with funds of £1.25 

milli on. 

The British market is rela- 
tively undeveloped, as Jor- 
dans points out, which 
explains why it has attracted 
foe attention of operators in 
countries — notably the US 

*UK Franchising — a finan- 
cial survey. Jordans, Jordan 
House, Brunswick Place, Lon- 
don N1 6EE, £125. 

Yorkshire Bank, the North 
of England retail bank, yester- 
day announced a strong recov- 
ery in pretax profits last year 
after the end of foe miners' 
strike, and said its confidence 
in miners' “loyalty and 
integrity” had proved entirely 

Last year's £44.8 million 
pretax profits were 30 per cent 
upon 1984. 

There were also 200,000 
new deposit accounts to bring 
foe total to over 1 million. 

Mr Graham Sunderland, 
general manager, praised the 
mine rs — an important core of 
the bank's customers — as 
responsible borrowers eager to 
repay their loans. 

In 1984, foe bank's profits ' 
dropped by £2 million from 
foe previous year^ largely-fie- , 
cause "-striking miners could 
not make loan repayments 
and were living on foear 

Mr Sunderland said: "At 
December 1985, most, 
branches in the affected areas 
reported an almost complete 
recovery and only a handful of < 
miners remained in foe non- 
performing category”. j 

The improvement added up 
to £2 mi II lion to the bank's , 
profits and allowed it to cut its 
bad debt provisions from 
£10.7 to £9.1 million. 

The bank said the “business 
sector in these areas will take 
some time to recover 
completely'* but more miners’ 
wages were now being paid 
directly into their bank ac- 

Since the strike ended, the 
bank had rescheduled the 
majority of its 1 1,000 loans to 

Profits were further helped 
by foe sale of most of foe 
bank's leasing interests, reduc- 
ing its exposure from £129 to 
£18 million, and by a change 
in accounting standards on 
depreciation of property and 
computer hardware. 

Mr Sunderland said foe 
underlying profits growth was 
around £5 million. 

The bank would now con- 
centrate on more aggressive 
lending to small and medium- 
sized businesses and planned 
to commit £100 million to 
mortgage lending in the com- 
ing year. 

It was becoming harder to 
attract new deposit accounts 
and foe leasing sale gave the 
bank an unacceptably high 
liquidity leveL 

Daisy chain tension subdues oil trade 

ByMidtolPresti Fmancial Correspondent 

Oil traders foe world over 
have gathered in London this 

bmge, the Institute of Petro- 
teirm Week. 

But their normally raucous 
jollity has a forced air about it 
this year, fin 1 looming over the 
festivities Bke a North Sea 
storm is. the turmoil in foe 
Brent daisy chain niaxkst. 

change? Or-can an acceptable 
degree of order be brought to 
foe daisy chain market f 
The daisy chain takes its 
name from the string of 
traders who sell to or btryfrom 
each other on paper a cargo of 
Brent crude. A ltho ugh foe 
business is done on paper, 
there must ultimately be phys- 
ical delivery of the underlying 

Several ofl traders are 
; bound to go ont of business, 
and uncertainty about the 
financial soundness of many 
others has severely disrupted 
trading in this free-wheeling 

But wider policy issues have 

also been raised. Should an 
almost unregulated market in 
so important and politically 
sensitive a : commodity -be 
allowed? Will traders abandon 

foe treacherous North Spa , 
waters for the calmer reaches 
of regulated . and recognized 
f t mir es markets such as the 
-International Petroleum Ex- 
change in London and foe 
New York Mercantile Ex- 

The market started in foe 
late 1970s as away of trading 
marginal quantities of oiL As 
the market grew, informal 
agreements between traders 
who knew each other were 
ngdaced by written contracts, 
which vary significantly. So it 
remained essentially n 
"gentlemen's market”, unlike 
foe • formalized £PE and 
NYMEX futures markets. The 
daisy chain contract is for a 
cargo of 600,000 tonnes, 
worth about $10 million 
(£7.14- million) at today's 
prices. Delivery times can be 
as general as a particular 
month, bin the loading time of 
the cargo must be specified by 
foe ultimate contract holder in _ 

the daisy chain by 5pm on the 
fifteenth - day at the latest 
before the tanker ‘‘fills” at 
BP’S SiiDom Voe terminal. 
Critically, payment toms can 
vary greatly. 

In the last few years, three 
factors have made this largely 
paper market increasingly at- 
tractive. First, for North Sea 
producers who pay tax at the 
marginal rate of 80 per cent on 
production, the daisy chain is 
a way of minimizing tax by 
selling into the chain and 
buying the oil back at a lower 

Second, foe abolition last 
year of the British National 
Oil Corporation’s right to buy 
51 per cent of British sector 
North Sea output left smaller 
traders and producers without 
a natural customer. They re- 
-sorted to the daisy chain, with ■ 
crucial consequences: chains 
grew much longer, and deliv- 
ery times stretched 

Third, the violent fell in oil 
prices to barely $16 a barrel 
provided a temptation few 
speculators could resist. But it 
has afro been their undoing. 

Mr Timothy Morgan, oil ana- 

lyst at stockbrokers WICO 
Galloway & Pearson, argues 
that what upset the market 
was not the price fell as such 
but a dramatic switch in foe 
price relationship between 
Brent and West^ Texas Inter- 
mediate (WTfl. " 

Texan traders beard of foe 
plan by Mr Donald Regan, the 
US Treasury Secretary, to tax 
oil imports into America. 
They bought WTI in the belief 
that it would rise, and sold 
Burnt in the belief that it 
would &1L Holders of con- 
tracts to buy WTI and sell 
Brent thus laced heavy losses. 

Nobody is sure how much is 
at stake. But an indication can 
be gleaned from the position 
for delivery neat month. A 
total of 300 March Brent 
deals, some dating from last 
year, averaging S2 1.15 a barrel 
would gross the shorts; or 
seders, $800 million. Corre- 
spondingly,' that is other, 
peoples' losses. The nervous- 

iLd i*iAr4'al i# lllnrtmf. 

ed by March Brent felling 
yesterday to $1 5.60. 

a tune when doubts about its 
continuing strength are creeping in. 
The mood is dominated by bid fever, 
with yesterday's offer for Granada by 
the Rank Organisation the latest of 
what still promises to be a continuing 
line. High priced paper is a positive 
stimulus to takeover minded boards 
so the two forces interact to keep the 
market buoyant. ^ ». , v .. 

Rank-G ranada provides another 
example of the law of equal and 
opposite reasoning. Having ad- 
vertised that it was available to be 
taken over and provisionally endors- 
ing the approach from Ladbroke, the 
Granada board when faced with 
Rank has done an instant 180 degree 

Yet the logic of merging with Rank 
Is at least as powerful as merging with 
Ladbroke and the house styles of 
Rank and Granada are more akin. 
Alex Bernstein made a grave mis- 
calculation when he agreed to talk 
with Cyril Stein: he believed that in a 
Granada-Ladbroke group, he not 
Cyril would be in the saddle. 

Cyril Stem is not however a natural 
second in command: the talks thus 
foundered. With Sir Patrick Meaney 
at Rank, Alex Bernstein has a much 
better chance, and I suspect that 
given the right financial terms from 
Rank, appropriate understandings at 
board level would eventually pave 
the way for an agreed merger. 

Not that Pat Meaney is a pushover. 
After a traumatic experience losing 

decade), he has done a first class job 
in restoring Rank to a credible and 
financially robust company. 

Institutional fund managers have 
rarely had it so good. The only 
serious risk to their health for the 
time being is timing: if they abandon 
the equity market too soon, their 
boards would have their manhood. 

As the end of this bull market has 
been predicted for at least a year, 
those fund managers who have 
remained positive are congratulating 
themselves on their prescience; but 
realising how easily they might have 
been tempted to respond to bearish 
talk, hombly prematurely as it would 
have proved, has made them even 
more eager to move only with the 

Thus the market has scarcely felt 
affected by the sea of troubles 
through which Mrs Thatcher is 
endeavouring to steer her leaking 
Government Neither the pull of 
overseas havens; nor high real returns 
in the fixed-interest market; nor the 
lure of property have had anything 
but a temporary effect in diverting 
attention from UK equities. 

As long as virtually any company is 
for sale — a belief incidental^ much 
encouraged by the Prime Minister's 
positive attitude to the sale of 
Westland and the possible disposal of 
parts of British Ley land to American 
buyers — these are likely to remain 
the market's order of priority. 

PSBR data boost gilts 

The Government Broker produced 
the equivalent effect in the market of 
one-hand dapping yesterday by 
refusing to appear at 3.30, after 
January PSBR figures which various 
traders described as either too good 
to be true or too true to be good. 

The real ultra-sophisticates out 
there on the pitches had, of course, 
been selling the market hard round 
about 3pm, trimming exuberant 
gains in the longs back to about a 

point on the day. Nevertheless, the 
tone of the market at the close. was 
-^tifl optimistic despite storming' 
advances which have been made 
before and after St Valentine's Day. 

On this basis, the Government 
Broker . was probably wise not to 
appear ' with extra funding in- 
struments. Leaving the market to its 
own devices, rather than leadibg it on 
or tamping it down via taps, points 
towards the development of a trading 
structure at current yield levels, 
something which the authorities 
would probabaly encourage. 

Plainly, rate cuts are in the air. The 
more hot-headed of the analysts talk 
breezily of a I point cut in the offing. 
The movement of three-month inter- 
bank rates was significant yesterday 
in this context. Ahead of the PSBR 
numbers, it was down to 12 5/8 per 
cent, and it eased a further 1/8 point 
during the afternoon, boosted by the 
authorities’ generosity towards the 
money markets. 

Against a shortage of £300 million, 
the authorities supplied total credit, 
via bill purchases, of £287 million, 
following this up with £85 million of 
late assistance towards the discount 

Even after such help, however, 
yesterday’s rate structure was still 
only endorsing current base rates of 
1 2'A per cent, and not, in the market's 
collective judgement, demonstrating 

any great desire for an immediate 
downward move in base rates. Ster- 
ling, for some, was telling much the 
same story. The currency pushed up 
through chart resistance points 
against the dollar, touching $1.43. 
But at a fraction over 74 on the trade- 
weighted, it is hardly storming away 
against ihe rest of the world. Hot 
money seems to be easing, rather 
than crashing, into London so far this 

Bui the picture could look radically 
different in three days’ lime. While 
. 'London whs receiving a useful boost 
from improved fundamentals yes- 
terday, New York was sagging on 
profit-taking. At one point, the US 
long bond was 3/4 point ahead, with 
yields down to 8.90 per cent. But the 
stock failed to hold these levels. 

This is an intriguing point of 
weakness, since the Japanese authori- 
ties appeared yesterday to move 
towards correcting the acute im- 
balance in the yen-dollar rate by 
sanctioning a more relaxed regime 
over capital outflows. Theoretically, 
New York bonds should benefit from 
ihis.Their relative weakhess suggests 
that some traders have decided the 
Fed is not going to ease its monetary 
stance. And Fed funds did firm 
yesterday by mid-session. 

London could still find itself 
playing reluctant host to cash out- 
flows from New York, and this could 
give the question of rate cuts height- 
ened imminence, to say the least. But 
yesterday's measured response to 
good numbers leaves the authorities 
in good heart. The Treasury, in 
particular, must be feeling pleased. 
By making the analysts look foolish 
twice so far this month with their 
forecasts, the mandarins are making a 
point about high City salaries far 
more subtly than the rumblings from 
No 10. 

he Trans-Oceanic Trust PLC 

The Annual G eneral Meeting was held at 36 Old Jewry, London EC2 
on Tuesday. 18 th February, 1986. 

The following is a summary of the Report by the Directors for the year ended 3lst October, 1985. 

Total Revenue 


Revenue after taxation and expenses 



Earnings per Ordinary Share 

Ordinary dividends for the year net per share 

Net asset value per 25p Ordinary Share 


Overseas tavestmen\kx»mewaasut)Stanl\aBytowefm the matured Thefali in income from these sources was more 
year, following liquidation of the Company's bond portfolio; than offset by a reduction m interest pay sole following 

deposit Interest receWed wasateOTeduced as the staring repayment of currency borrowings financing both the bond 

deposit held as part of a currency hedging arrangement portfolio and the currency hedging. 

Managed by Schroder Investment Management Limited 

The Company aims to achieve a balanced growth Cri income 2 nd capital 
while maintaining a substantia* proportion of asset* overseas. 

Copies of the Report and Accounts are available from 
the SMretanes,J.H«*y Schroder Wagg fi. Co. United. 36 Old Jewry London EC2R86S 

W v: YDqoay T ."S s? a 



Bankruptcy fear 
at energy firm 





Denver, Colorado (AP* 
Dow- Jones) — Energy Man- 
agement Corporation said 
yesterday it was seeking pro- 
tection under Chapter li of 
the Federal Bankruptcy Code, 
and cited $24 million ($17 
million) in unsecured debt 
and the continuing slide in oil 

Under Chapter 11, a com- 
pany continues to operate 
with court protection from 
creditors' lawsuits while it 
works out a plan to repay its 

The energy concern said it 
was under no pressure from its 
creditors to file for the protec- 
tion. It said it owed two banks 

— which it refused to identify 

— about $10 miUon in secured 
debt. Energy Management 
also owes holders of two 
debenture issues about $24 
million in unsecured debt It 
added that it was not in 
default on its bank debt or 

In nine months, the com- 

S has had a net loss of $5.8 
m on revenue of $6.5 
million. Earlier this month, 

. Energy Management was de- 
listed by the American Stock 
Exchange because it did not 
meet the exchange's require- 

Meanwhile in California, 
federal regulators took control 
of American Diversified Sav- 
ins Bank, a savings and loan 
(S&L) institution with $977 

million in assets, after dedar- 
ing it insolvent 

It was the sixth federal 
takeover of an S&L this year, 
and the third in California, a 
spokesman for the Federal 
Home Loan Bank Board said. 

Federal regulators contract- , 
ed with Pacific Savings Bank, 
another S&L based here, to 
manage American Diver- 
sified. Regulators said the 
S&L would continue to oper- ; 
ate during customary hours 
and its deposits would contin- 
ue to be insured by the Federal 
Savings and Loan Insurance 
Corporation. American 
Diversified's only S&L office 
is in Lodi, California. 

A bank board statement 
said the S&L had suffered a 
“significant dissipation of as- 
sets and earnings”, had violat- 
ed federal regulations and 
directives, and was operating 
in an unsafe and unsound 

American Diversified, a 
state-chartered stock institu- 
tion, is 96 per cent owned by 
its chairman. Mr Ranbir 
Sahni, and 4 per cent owned 
by its president, Mr Lester 
Day, the bank board spokes- 
man said. Neither Mr Sahni 
nor Mr Day could be reached 
for comment. 

1 month 














The pound moved ahead 
against the dollar, reaching 
$1.4188 in quiet trading 
against 1.4145 overnight 
Sterling's value against the 
mark also advanced, helping 
the trade Weighted index back ( 
lip slightly. j 

* '* V “ 


Rubber tap p«r Mo: 
Sowboan mart, coftat And 
cocoa taEportoon* 
Gas-oB and aogarta USS 
per tome. 

GW Joynaod and Co report 


6-516 pram 

Aigamfra austral* .. 

Australia doltar 

Bahrain dinar 


Storting Max compand wffli 1875 mbs such at 735 (day's rang* o/a J. 

RIM at?pftatfbrBaKitiyi Bonk HQFEX and ExteL Uapda Bank Mamattonal 

Ctaming Banks 12H 
Ftaancs House 12 


Discount Marital Loans % 
Overnight «nh: 12* Low 12 
Weak fixed: i2K 

hh/x) marts 

Greece drachma 

Hong Kong dotisr _ 
India rupee 

Iraq daw 

I Kuwait ttinarKD — 

Malaysia dolar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand dotar. 
Saudi Arabia riyal — 
Singapore tioSar — 
South Africa rand 

1.1353-1 .1376 
_ Z0Z72-2XJ317 
. 18463-0-18569.0 



„ 202.7D-2tW.70 
... 11.075-11.086 







Oct — 




_ 16T-M05 

- 157.2-575 
_ 1635*63.6 
... 167*67 2 

— unquoted 
__ unquoted 

. 3482*34968 


. 25369-2.6487 
3.0374-3 J>418 









Stint ; T4aa(M5Jp 

Oct — 

NOV 164.QQ-44.Q0 

Vofc 2433 

" Unofficial pricas 
Official Tamcwr figures 
Mo* in Spar Metric foune 
Star Jo peace pertroy oanee 
Roden Waif&OoLUd. report 



Three mooflis w 1014J5- W15 

Voi —3400 

Tens . Steady 


Cash — 97000971 JX» 

Throe Months 1005-1007 

vof — Na 

Tom — ktie 

TO " . 

Cash Suspended 

Three Months 

VW : 

Tone •— 

Cast).- 777J&77MQ, 

Three Months. 604.flMQ*5o! 

w 42S0 1 

Tom.-,-. Steady | 


CsSt 2775-5M 

Three MoraM ABGO-SflSl 

Vot — — £28 

Tone — S**dy 

July izuro . ... . 

Sm »» 9705 m 

non 10230 IOC 55 

JMB 10605 104.10 

VObanK - - 

Whs* : 28> 

Barter .54 

s\ : 

- 1 : ; e 4 




Avenge faratock prices « 
representative morierta on 
February 17 ... . 


Pig nest 


Open Ctesa 

ma 1050 
loao 102a 

. U25 . 101 s 

mo 1014 

1023 1020 
TOM 1004 

cw(+ 60S 


r 4S6ppsrkghr 

Treasury BiSa (Dte«xart%) 

12** «'» 

3mnth 12K 3 mrth 12'» 


7 days 7«»-7»'ia 
3 months 600 

Prime Bank StastDiseount K4 
1 north 12 " 17 - 12 * 10 2mntft 12K-12*ie 
3 mnth 12>w-l2% 6imtn ll’t-11* 

TMa HHs (Discount %) 
imnth 12”v 2 mnth 12’* 

3 mnHi I2“w 6mnth 12K 

7 days 4Pia4’» 

3 nwnthvt 9 i*-4 7 ie 
Freach Franc 

7 days 9K-OT 
3 months 14V14H 
Swiss Fraac 
7 days 1*9-154 
3 morths3 ’- 1 w-3 '- 1 us 

7 days 6 >iw6<m 

cafl 8%-7 >b 
1 month 7 I *« 
caB 5-4 
1 month 4*w-4'» 

6«xjmhs4 , i«-4 J ^ 
cafl 10-9 
1 month 1214-m 

6 months 1354-12'. 
can 254-1 K 
1 month 3% 
6morHhs4-3 7 i 
cal S-5 
1 month 6 1 *6 | ii 
6 months 


Overnight: open 12ft close 1254 
1 week 12* -12* 6 mrth 12V12S 
imnth 12*4 »-l2* 3 moth i2*i»-12>ie 
3mnth l2 l ’M-12"Ml2mtft 1254-12^ 

Local Aidbortty Oepeefia <%) 

2 days 1254 7 dm 1254 

imnth 1254 3mnth 1254 

6 mrth 12^ 12mth 1254 

According lo the bank 
board, Mr Sahni acquired the 
S&L in 1983, wben it had $1 1 
million in assets, and "em- 
barked on a course of explo- 
sive growth" 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

Imnth 1354-13 2 mnth 1354-13 

3 mrth 1354-12’* 8 mrth 1254-12’* 
9 mrth 1354-12’* 12mth 12S-12V4 






WsatGemwny - 




Japan _______ 


Horn Kong 








Jan — 




Cash Z57JKM5BOO 

Three Months . 28740-287-50 

VW 1000 

Tone CMet 

Carte rws. up 4.*%. are 

97.3ltfM.1S ) 

> nos. down 7.0 %. aw. 

Caah 41240-41740 

Three Months 

va rat 

Tone 5dta 


£ per room 

Month Qgtn Oost 
aprd 91 00 9040 

Hby ‘ S&40 97.40 

NO« 7550 7550 

Fet> 84 10 84 OB 

Apfi 8750 9640 

VOL 195 




June — 






Zinc Merit Greda 

Cash 42740-428.00 

Three Months. 43740-43840 

VW 1700 

Tooa Steady 

Cxttfl up 16-4%. are 

gas on. 







_ 18850484 
1445044 35 


Stver Large 

Cosh 414.0041540 

Three Months . 42740-427.10 

Vot ; i-ll 

Tone Steady 

lepoos. dbwnll2Va> 
noa^Jown 134%. aw. 
*. 7a.44tf*O40} . 

. aMJLFrelgbt FMm LU 
r^ort 310 per index poim 

C m5o 

Jo brSB 768.5-7800 7804 

Oct 86 87443700 8714 

Jan 87 — 8775 

April? — 9604 . 

J 1*87 ' — 8400 fte 

Oa® — 9254 

Jan 88 — 9354 


- • g per tonne 

Cash 4.1 4. 00-415.00 

Three Uontfis . 42740427.10 

Voi na 

Tone : Me 

Month Qdw Close 

| March 11640 11340 

May 11925 11695 

S 80-81 t£S64S- 

Ktfi Low Oarnmny 

dw vu 

Price Ce p* pence % PfE 

immh 12H-12M 3 rash 1JH4-12* 

6 mnth I2mth 72SC-12S*ia 

Low Conyapy 


1 mrth 7407.75 
6 mnth 745-740 

3 mnth 745-740 
12mth 840-745 

Fixed Rate Starting Expan Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rata tor I 
interest period Januare 8, 1988 to ; 
February 4, 1988 tadurivs: 13477 per | 
cant I 

Drop in liftings cuts 
Venezuela oil export 

Caracas, (AP-Dow Jones) - 
Venezuela's exports of crude 
oil averaged less than 1.2 
million barrels a day in Janu- 
ary, according to an official at 
Petroleos de Venezuela. 

This was due to a reduction 
in liftings at the end of the 
month. The volume of Janu- 
ary crude sales fell below the 
country's target level of 1.41 
million barrels a day. 

Oil ministry and Petroleos 
officials say Venezuela plans 
to make up for the lost sales 
through sales in the coming 
months from crude stocks 

held at its storage facilities in 
Venezuela and the island of 

Venezuela has storage ca- 
pacity to hold about 20 mil- 
lion barrels of crude at local 

“There has been no change 
in our production levels," Dr 
Juan Chacin Guzman, vice 
president of Petroleos, the 
slate oil concern, said 

The Venezuelan Govern- 
ment last week granted 
Petroleos the authority to 
adapt prices to the realities of 
international market levels. 

Tbraa Month Staring 

Mar 86 Z. 

Jun 86 

Sop 66 

Doc 86 

Previous day s total op 
Tbrw Month EnradoX 

Mar 88 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

US Traaswy Bood 

Mar 88 - 

Jun 86 

Sap 86 

. B^Sl 

_ 9740 

- 8842 

- 86-71 
interest 11632 




Eat Voi 
















101 87 Mn 

S96 500 Mane* 

156 118 AxarTom 
m 2*5 aim Anar Sec 
in 123 MKdma 

1=2 55 **«£.*"«* 

10S 83 Bwfcera 
1S4 IK Bony 
57 47h BrAem 

rn 35 Br Emj** S*c 
377 3T2 EHMl In* 
as 64 Biunw 
89 72 OwrHr Agency 

895 S25 OanWarnT 

127 95 DO CD 

330 204 Drayton tens 

V+l 3.1b 8.1 30.1 
-2 28.1 □ 18 33.0 

+1 45 3.1 345 

44 51 25 55.1 

I .. 44 25305 

05 07 . 

I . . 35h 35 405 

15 Ofl .. 
-■> 27 45 315 

.. 0.7 22 443 

+2 205h 55 23.1 

1-1 11 h 37 382 

1-1 32b 38 375 

-S SOOb 45325 
-1 m m .. 
1+2 125 105 139 

125 IOS-j Gtegow SXxk 
322 251 QOC* 

146 no GsretMantc 
Gmc Q u a n ta 
Gcmm &renv 

PrevkHo day's total open Moan 19958 
9248 9241 9246^2196 

92.12 92.03 92.10 3518 

9147 9140 9145 410 

B1.74 91.72 91.75 180 

Previous days total open interest 3684 

87- 22 86 * 87-17 9931 

88- 2S 8645 86-19 0 


151 112 Drayton Far East 
SM M3 Drayson Japan 
S28 363 DraylMlWvmW 
199 HD DtndM Lon 
118 63 Etta Anar Asaat 

118 aa Etta Anar Ai 
132 103 EUrturoti 
311 234 Beane Goo 
142 114 EngtaaW 
80 06 EtSanScM 

121 9T Entfon l 
I2fl SS 

Short OR 

Mar 86 

Jun 88 

Sep 86 

Previous day's total open in 
95-30 95-35 9528 SS-34 

NT ^ 



Jun 86 

Sep 88 

Dec 86 


Mir 88 

Jun 88 

07 7C Flfltfm 
j6A 122 FAC paefle 

240 186 Fnb 
295 342 Fitsj Saa Amor 
IBS 80 Rial Un Gao 
500 410 Renting American 
303 235 R*n*<5 Oarer 
ZS6 233 ftanng Emarpnxa 
109 78 HmtagFvdK* 

Previous days total open Inttren 8080 

110- 12 110-30 lltWa 11029 5215 

111- 08 111-09 111-08 111-18 101 

NT 112-08 0 

NT 112-06 0 

Previous day's total oppn hterast 21 50 
148.00 14840 14740 147-85 IK 

NT 14945 0 

109 78 Rioftig Frn East 
116 100 Ramlng Radgtag 
580 405 Remaig Japaii 
132 105 R*nng Manamfla 
U4 100 Rantag Ovarasas 
163 120 FtangTacfl 
353 268 RaraMg UoMnal 
TTh 59 Fared 
121 01 CSC caowv 
105 115 GT Japan 
14a 07 Ganarai FuraJa 
2® 230 Ganarai Cm 

-2 14J 

.. 14 

** Mm 
*2 18-2 


44b . 

-1 5-0 

-i 14 : 

-»t M : 

-1 2.0 

U J 

+2 14b 

+6 114b ■ 

.. 124b . 

87 ; 

• .. 84 ' 

•+S 144 < 

• «2 124 i 

14 ' 

• .. m : 

+2 57 ‘ 

43 i 

• .. 34 : 

+1 34 1 

-3 7.tb i 

.. 24b i 

70 81 

30’: 32 ■ 
« 78 

104 76 

113 tax 
2S5 1S7*i 

in n 

14S 1 ; Ilf 

153 120 

TO Dm (» Urn CM 183 
TO M A Gas 171. 

Many bt w 
thsray m 
Unnay Sari 
u«ra? Varam 
Maw Dam 01 

M til 
SM an 
333 2*8 
in a? 
12 O 103 
«?'; T7 : 
235 US 
82 52 
as Ei 
no - « 

T7» 130 
300 258 

TO Mm ! Hta 2M 

UtMeMR Amanca * 
TR Paric Sam 04 

sssr* % 

TO — 151 

irnymBm 1*S> 

TtaogmorVD 354 

Tfanxt Sn»«) Cap 

«a ware tmgy 

*2 I Til 23 42 2 
04 10 .. 

*2 31 34.317 

I .. 50b 54230 

-2 54b 17 45* 

107 30 372 
-1 25b 27 at 7 

4.1 14b IP 

-I 53 35 374 

24 24507 
04b 42.353 
714 44294 
» 1(4 47 20.4 

*tl M 33*2 1 

*1 30 333*4 

147 MO 37 
*1 53h «4 044 

22b 42417 
¥ 22 3 4 438 

1*1 33 37274 

-I 42 14 034 

*4 13 7b 44 30 J 



Naw Tokyo 

Mh Aflame Sac 

SB 250 wori A Mm SB 
57'j 28V MamD bfNM £*»'. 
43 i« Argpa » 

•5 35- OnStad 34 

154 as Bntm Anow 1*2 

a-i 20h 14 054 
-5 2S 11 070 
47 154b 34 250. 

st ana imi - 

Sent AnariOB 
Scot Enm 
Scot mot 
G aa Mate -A* 
Saeona Uwc« 
Sac Of Samoa 


» .. ISO 4.* 344 

41 TJb 21 306 

-3 107 *3322 


42 03b 25 613 

flTV • .. 

ttr% • . 

VP . 

Ml *42 


*i 250 *3 142 


7* 4 0 107 

_ * . . 046 
>1 30 42101 

*1 33417 
♦1 35 27 638 

41 0* 32 303 

. . ' 29b 3.0 51.1 

-2 1073 24 543 

42 30 20420 

4* 250 60 210 

... 243 31343 

-1 &Sh *3 340 

m&m oriy mm* e«7v a .. m UH4 

i i7>* aao Daw . rir-» • . iu 40iu 

M2 113 Baarb - VP- . 54 30 MO 

101 73 Eng Inw Ml *42 *0 *0 140 

2<B TTfi rJia 209- 42 45 22137 

8S BO ExpkKanm 70 . 30 *3 12* 

436',3M htataoi '430 -5 71 17195 

90 50 Frau GO - 00 . . 57 32 127 

.105 44 GnoorfD 8 U) 16 •. 25 20 267 

11,578 Hanoama Mm Sir* +'• 257b 23 102 
MS 163 CH ITS . 44 120 74 73 

405 300 MAT 330 224b 00 IT 

STS 368 MSG 7B0 *-10.21 « £7 237 

300 217 Itamrif Hbaao M •*5 189 B3 00 

-115 75 PxAcWlH 06*3 4-. 05 00 012 

.41 W Do tanw. 21 ‘i 4t'i . 

2ii B Beans Brnmn i» 44 03 5*202 

420 -5 

00 - ■ 
06 • 

Ell * . 4 '. 
ITS. 44 

003 331 £4 
MJ 40 123 
5.4 39 34.1 

40 *0 140 
45 22107 
30 *3 12* 
71 17 195 

57 02 127 
25 20 207 
257b 23 102 
120 74 72 

229b 00 1 7 

Prices on this page refer 

tn Monday's fradm?. 


Be OHar CM'S vu 

Bid Otto Cnrg YU 

BU CVto ©mg YM 

BM OHar Omg 

GnVfMflpato 821 071 
Cite Mem* IQQ7 1073a 


BO. HoKWHam Rd. Onanamouai BH8 Bal 
03*5 717373 (Lavone) 

M A Fuad 110.1 1165 40013: 

Mgn Me Early 620 082# 405 SJ 
weridmdeBaia in .7 1840 *03 s; 

Anwtrtcm Oraw«r 149.0 1503# *23 U 
A**n Paafic 43 7 48.9 48.1 21 

AnMs 4 Earns asn 94.1 -0.1 l.i 

Cental Retene BOS 01.1 *0.1 . 

Conan 3 Enargy 85.1 70.7 -04 1.' 

EtartMan Cnpol 747 79* 401 U 

Ganml 1244 1335* .. 3J 

J acta 590 831 41.1 . 

UK Grcmfli Inc 827 BBS +03 1J 

Do Accwn 1104 1273 +0* . 

US Ema ryng Co 'a 



74-70 Rnsourv Paiwwrt Umoon EC2A UO 

01-588 2777 Dnang-01-638 0*78/9 UenayGunto 


Growth Ob 
Inti Recovery 
Smalar Co's 
UK Growth 
Em Me 

me s Growtti 
Na* ibdn he 
Pin Snaras 



Gold s Gan 

M Laara 

Proo Snaras 

A MO Ounoar Conn Swmaan 8N1 I EL 
0793 610366 * 0783 20291 

Un* Energy 
World T«<* 
«mw Growth 
Amer income 

555 568 .. 110 

952 1015 +05 £21 

1239 1322a -01 159 

349 372 -02 212 

55.1 505* +0.1 773 

25.0 285 +02 793 

1825 1945 +06 451 

1705 1915 415 493 

185 195W . . 10.10 

1202 1375 -04 280 

40 1 428 -02 241 

19.1 206 +0.1 £95 

15.4 16.4 +0.1 1.11 

53.1 560 .. 151 

414 44 2# .. 058 

439 405 +03 057 

965 102-9 +09 511 

cm 0 n**d n 
Tat 0» ri» Trusts 
Sweri Sbs Thai 
Mh Amer Trier 
Far Easton Trust 

485 51.7a +05 923 
588 625* ■ . 194 

609 734 +05 257 

535 57.1 +05 156 

615 055 415 052 


PO Bo> 442. 32 St MajhaiML London BC3P 


20 CMIon SL London BCZA844X 
01420 0311 

do Aeon 
9m*a*r Goa be 
Da Acaan 

1144 1220 
915 57.7* 
965 1034* 


St Gsaff Has OorpMtm St conanvy cm 


EwO Dm 
Do Amur 

UK GmNdi Accum 1314 130.7 
Do Income 1155 1225 

Hdur tac Acom 

ODMcoma 1705 181.7 
G4UI/Fnsd Acccm 925 075 
Do Mam ag* 0*5 
N8l Mto Tst Acaan I3OT 140.4 
Par East Tat Accum 1105 1175 
Euro Tst Accum 1305 1391 
Ganarai Trust 2084 2217 

2006 2215 
1705 101.7 
925 075 
90*. 0*5 

.. 3.74 
.. 3.74 

415 5.10 

416 5.10 
+05 226 
+05 296 
+O0 033 
41.4 07* 

. 096 

+03 352 

r*Uh Mama 
N Amgr T rial 
G® Trust 
Si vmcant us Got 

*05 825* .. 652 

1144 1217 +13 05l 

10*4 1745 410 250 

302 375a +04 999 
742 795# +03 9.12 
725 75.7a +05 0.79 

Dd Acaan 
Ga Trim 
Do Aeon 

raja Income Oat 

Do Accum 

Do Accum 
US (bawfli 
Dd Acaan 

992 1055 
1383 1*72 
402 505 
525 5*3 
78.7 835 
903 00.1 
535 576 
539 57 A 

+02 1.00 
+02 1 A 
+03 452 
+05 452 
+05 507 
406 5.07 
+0J 115 
+05 1.15. 



183. Hop* StoM. Glasgow G2 2UH 
041 221 9252 

E m roaan 

SmaAei CO* 

105.1 m.10 415 35S 
1003 2016 4-15 1.15 

1723 1839 40.1 292 

125 Apm Growth 
258 Japan Smatar Cos 
280 MastoRad 

Haw TbomabM* 

SS ASM Grn 3> 


sc oma mva.- 

Scmyw jds 

yjx SM*a MnuilUNl 

SBmBar Co s tac . 

8350 0792 41 18 

084 1062 +12 

2A5 265 
957 R123 +08 

040 101.1 +05 


«05 ISO 

an mam 
Gold Moans 
Do Acaan 

■74 1023a +| i 673 

TaraptoBrSmCQ's 1 * 1 3 1*95 

first Trua 
Growth 6 Mcoase 
Capa* Tium 
B sttncsd 
Acaan Trua 
American Mcanm 
HUi Income Tst 


Gan Sacs Tnaf 

Joan Fund 
Paedtc Treat 

Amor Spa Sits 64.1 BS2 
Sacs Of Amar Tb 1850 20B.7 

Sacs 01 Amar Tb 

Ga Grown 

SmBto Cos 
2nd Smatar Co s 
Hacmwy Trust 
Mn Mu 8 Cnisty 
asUS Earnings 
Technology Tst 

2012 2143c 401 357 
120* 1262 -0.1 351 

2110 2256 -0.1 £51 

3222 3*3.1 .. 143 

*832 5292 -06 323 

29 7 31 6* +03 427 
221 1 235-5 +07 5 Id 

1105 1263a +04 5.19 
126 7 1346 +OB 6.15 
294 296 +03 9-73 

695 74.3a +07 135 
IS 2 80.1 +-1.I 091 

1325 1*1.1 +19 127 

64.1 003 +09 120 

Amer Mama 574 612 +03 507 

Amar Stream Co's 239 259 +0.1 157 

Aim Growth 652 095 -05 091 

Euro SmpJUr 132 14.1 +02 QAl 

Par East 37 6 +0.1 +04 1.17 

Rang Kcnp Prt 2*4 a» +02 350 

M Growth 320 34.1 +0.1 207 

j. ^farcBPaumey HO London EC4R08A 
01-023 <080 

Pramto UT Admn. 5, naytogh Rd, Bnmood 

0277 217916 

Harodros Sra* CD's W5 ii26a +07 230 

Habros N Amar 801 705 +04 OS* 

Hanfcros Jap 6 F E B85 9*5 +1.0 040 

Hawbroa Scandvn 062 725 *08 156 i 

Waxlado Pam. EnoMr EX5 IDS 
0392 52155 

GanaBThot 385 *12 

taama Turn 324 3* 7 

Matm a te o i Trim ara aoo 

Spaoal Saumon* 
US Growth 
Unneratl G ro ra n, 

+0.1 350 
+0.1 050 
+02 150 


*& Gracechurch SL EC3P 3HH 
01-023 4200 Em 200 

111.7 1194a +03 294 

145.1 155.1 +0.1 452 

1303 I486 485 455 

80S 713 +0.4 140 

1325 141 4 410 497 

819 074 -05 225 

1509 177.1# .. 270 

71.7 708 +05 055 

Eat* 8 - 8 *- 

no n a tpu i 
Rri Stare Pd 
UK Cental 
Spaoal S*s 

Japan Pmt 
Japan Sraaier 

Exempt MaitaR 

459 485* 415 

133 142 +05 .. 

719 752 +03 380 

04.7 077 .. 4.14 

9-17. Panynw a I 
0444 450144 

hM 1984 2113 +03 357 

340 354 +03 3.19 

1057 1120# +03 291 
So'a 1409 150.1 +«9 267 

at 70 * 750 +03 2*9 

may 016 059 +02 220 

IQS 108.7 179.7 -0 1 329 

si 801 946 +0.4 OS* 

PI 1096 1164* +10 &10 

BCD'S 196.1 2100 +0.4 250 

HUB 3183 3374 +45 142 

0*44 450144 
8S Find Means 
Do Acaxn 
Grown Accum 
Oo Mcone 
High Moore 

American Fund 72* 775 

Cap** Fund 1021 1002 

Mcoms raid 813 742 

Far Easton Fund 62 B 072 

Orarsw Income 628 072 

RxadbamB 534 505 

Naval Ros Fund 437 489 

European tncoma 50.6 639# 

finer wric T cnondHa. twb iot 
0732 3aW?? 

Hnmtxos Scandvn 002 725 
Hm taos European 089 923 
Ham# o s Canaan 485 *85 
HOTbro* EOMy Me 73* 781 
Handxaa mgn Me 519 532 

Tim Qmys, Tima 
01-626 4580 

Hamtxoa rapine 519 832 +02 309 

Hantmis Res Ants 515 549# +0.1 32* 


Prater UT Admtnbtradon 5. RayWgh Rd. Huttai 

Braniwuud Esoax 


Smoa SM Me 
_ Do Acton 

Nooh American 


T aetmnl ogy 


Amor Eourty I n come 

Amar Spedal Sbs 480 51 1 +02 

Far EM Me 289 306 +02 

G* * fixers Mt asa 295 

Growth 8 Moonw 053 024 

JapBi Special Sta 305 32.9a *02 

-iRMn Trust 905 96 .3 +09 

Manaus* mi tb na9 125.1 +06 

Max Meow EoBy .003 713 
PTOWwlanBWl 2U 315* 

South Etal Asm Tst 289 207 -0.1 

Spsdsl Sta 1290 1383 

045 1012 +0B 097 

305 339* +02 511 

Racowry Trim 
Ctadal Growth I 
Do Acaan 


131. FMsmry Pirame ra. Loxlan EC2A 1AV 
01-628 9878 01-280 85*0/1/2/3 


The Stock Evdianga London EC2P 2JT 

01-588 2068 

Capa* Growth am 51 6 53 1 . _ 

Do Accun 577 817 -31 10 ? 

Easton « k« 1002 1135 +10 1.76 

DO 0*. WtMmB 585 825 +05 1 70 

FManca & Property 5*2 57.9 -02 230 

GW 8 Fixed Mcoma 44.4 4670 +05 933 
Da Accum 715 77 Jm *&a aj3 

Htai Mean Income 64* 085a 
Da Accum 1494 1597a 

Ganarai Me (4) 
Do Accum (41 
Meonu Rmd Q 
Da Accun (3) 
MB Me 12) 

DO Accun |2) 
Smalar Me (5) 
DO ACClim (9 

Htai YWd Mcone . . 

Du Accum 165.0 176.4 

Mtl MC 65-8 703 

Do tac 67.1 71.7 

DoS% WdMrvri 635 082 
uanagmJ Fuio 554 sa* 
Prararence Income 26 2 28.0 
Do Accum 81.7 873 

anaBer Go's Mcoma 1137 1219 
Do Accum 12Z6 1311 

world Penny Sham 05 95 

Purttata Tu UK 685 712 
Ponto&o Tb Jun 710 735 
Portfrio Tst US 72* 750 
Portfolio tb Europe 085 91.7 
PortteSO T8W 425 444 

1494 1597a 
64J 09.1 
1650 176.4 
65B 703 
67.1 71.7 
635 082 
53/4 58.4 
26 2 28.0 
81.7 073 

+0-7 503 
+03 8 BO 
+05 850 
+4L2 Z60 
*02 200 
*02 200 

.. 1154 
+0-4 1.72 
♦34 1.72 
.. 103 
-02 177 
+12 0.10 
+06 107 
.. 0.10 
-01 0.10 

1053 1045 
291.9 3063 
885 014 
1492 1570 
1102 115.1 e 
1*46 1505c 
9244 9880 


8 Croabji^sq. London EC3A 0AN 

M ed ina Areata 
FMnnaN Trust 
Do Mcuo 
MBt Meara Trust 
Extra income 
SmOte Coo DW 
G* Trust 

fired Mena Trust 
GM* H ea l M u se 
Qua Tech 

American Exempt 0*75 3550 
Jason Exempt £2760 ss r * 
Am Property Tb S1O7950 

Property Trust C2O670 

Euro SmaBer Cos 

Japan Trust 

125. High HUbom. London WC1V 6PV 

CS Japan Fund 

3. London WaR BkSgs. London 
01-028 5101 

Anw < Gan Me 2245 2S90 

Do Acaxn 2290 3*42 


SMmpora 8 Metxy 
Nail Americ a n 
Amar Smafcr Co* 
Amor Raconxy TB 
reoh.Mc ome E xempt 
Smatar Cos Ejomm 
Euro Exempt 
Japan Etampt P) 

aoou Txch Et S) 
Paoflc Exempt (4) 

605 0*.1 +19 05* I Amar Twnarod Me 2124 225.8 

1. Ogmr gm w ay. WOeOley. HAS OHB 

Dumb Tb Mp 
Do Accum 

Growth 2537 2005 +15 347 

Income 2B83 306 7 +30 400 

Far Earn 14I9 1S0* +10 0.69 

Noun American 1364 1 * 6.1 + 1.1 052 

3- <%•?•*» SL 

031-325 2501 CO 

M Ex (221 
Japan Ex (43) 
Fiji Pans mo 
Fsal Pans UK 
DO America 
BG Energy 
DG texxne Grwtn 
BO Japwi 
BG Technology 

1 BO 6VY 
-220 SOBS) 

1 3855 .. 128 

2664* .. 05* 

! 1885 . . 1 40 

10682 .. .. 

1545 .. . 

1632 +04 058 

I 1185 +0.7 174 

. 1 783 +17 546 

’ 1380 +25 000 

i 173.0 -15 196 

fTA P FI HB M FR 1 —w+r -rMTi rr 

too. OWBwo 9L London EG2N 1BQ 

01-021 0011 

Capital (3) 315.1 331.7 

income 13) 2439 2565 

North American (3) 2657 2G95 

Do Acaxn 
Son* 8 G* Me 
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Synergy sets the pace 
in takeover stakes 

S> nerg> is the flavour of ihc 


week. Already ii has been the 
justification for two large bids. 
United Biscuits for Imperial 
Group and Rank Organisation 
for Granada. 

It seems that takeover mer- 
chants no longer want to be 
accused of wheeling and deal- 
ing for its own sake. 

No sooner than it had 
launched the £740 million 
offer ycsicrdav. Rank was 
pointing out that both groups 
have interests in bingo, motor- 
way services and film. 

The market liked the logic 
and was clearly pleased that 
Rank has used its new found 
share price strength to make 
such a large takeover bid. Its 
shares rose a further 3p to 
547p yesterday. 

On the surface that is sur- 
prising considering the bid 
should theoretically result in 
substantial earnings dilution 
as Rank's shares slid trade on 
a prospective multiple of only 
1 0 times earnings against po£> 
sihly 1 6 for Granada. . 

That assumes Granada win 
make £83 million in the 
current year. 

But with the savings from 
combining the businesses 
common to both groups, that 
profit figure could rise to 
nearer f 100 million. 

market listing shows a deti- 
nue commitment to growth. 
PPL, which is placing a third 
of its equity for a full listing, 
is a computer software com- 
pany specializing in business 
applications ■ packages for 
companies and govern- 
ment departments. Over the 
past five years pretax profits 
have risen from £68,000 to 
£735,000 on sales which have 
grown from £1.86 million to 
almost £9 million. 

per cent of sales. About 10 per 
cent of turnover comes from 
hardware cates. 

Dealings will start mi Feb- 
ruary 24 and a reasonable 
premium looks assured. 

Stores sector 

In contrast with other 
quoted software houses, PPL 
concentrates on ofTthe-peg 
p ackag e s which are flexible 
enough for many different 
users. The chairman and 
chief executive. Mr Roy Tay- 
lor. who has steered the 
company since it became 
independent in 1976, confi- 
dently expects growth to con- 
tinue at more than 40 percent 
a year. 

Monday's disconcerting re- 
tail sales figures failed to 
knock the stock market's 
confidence yesterday. There 
were even early gains for 
many of the mam stores 
companies, including Dix- 
ons, GUS and W H Smith. 

To some extent the market 
had been expecting a slow- 
down after last year's terrific 

But many analysts were 

December and January. . In 
view of this, the dealers' 
reaction seems muted. 

Granada rejected both the 
argument and the terms. But 
its claim that there 
industrial logic in the bid was 
somewhat belied by its simul- 
taneous suggestion' that a 
merger could raise monopoly 

According to Granada, the 
two groups would have 20 
motorway service sites, repre- 
senting half the total. 

Granada was on better 
grounds with its claim that the 
terms were inadequate. The 
market certainly seemed lo 
think another bid was round 
the corner and pushed the 
shares up to 3 1 Op. 7p over the 
ialuc of the share offer and 
13p above the cash offcr. ■ 
Granada is likely to argue 
that the terms do not rake- 
account of its strong cash flow.. 
No doubt this only serves to 
make it more attractive to 

That makes the 

price of 145p, and a 

earnings multiple of 1 1, look 
distinctly undemanding. De- 
spite the sector's difficulties 
— with companies such .as 
Micro Focus and Logica — 
the likes of CAP, which came 
to the market last year and 
specializes in bespoke soft- 
ware, still sell on historic 
ratings in the high twenties. 
Even the prospective yield, at 
2.5 per cent is generous 


For a company valued at 
£8.9 million to opt for amain 

PPL’s growth ambitions, 
especially in North America, 
are clearly going to involve 
aquisitions. The net £2.05 
million raised by the placing 
will wipe out PPL's £1J 
million borrowings but a 
large acquisition wiD mean 
issuing paper. Nocompany is 
yet under detailed investiga- 
tion, but Mr Taylor says PPL 
has the management 
strengths to double in size 
through acquisitions. Better, 
then, to sweeten shareholders 
with a healthy premium on 
the placing price, than to be 
over-greedy at this slage. 

About 60 per cent of PPL’s 
sales come from the 
company's own software, 
with the rest from indepen- 
dent suppliers. Packages are 
sold with consultancy and 
training support, and mainte- 
nance accoqnls for about 20 

.. Having outperformed the 
rest of the market for most of 
last year, the sector has 
■ admittedly been weak in 
recent months. Since the 
formation of Storehouse out 
of British Home Stores and 
Habitat Mothercare, which 
marked the peak, the relative 
rating has sunk from 1 19 to 
106, where ft is still anticipat- 
ing above-average growth. 

That interpretation rests 
on two sorts on tax cuts. First, 
consumer spending which is 
expected to continue grow- 
ing. possibly at 2.5 per cent a 
year, would be helped signifi- 
cantly by any tax cuts in the 

Second, the stores are the 
main beneficiary of the al- 
ready felling corporate tax 
bill This should be enough to 
ensure good near-term rises 
in earnings per share. But 
long- term growth prospects 
are uncertain. 

Mr Nick Bubb of Scrim- 
geour Vickers believes there 
are good quality stocks still 
worth buying. He recom- 
mends Dixons, Marks and 
Spencer, Next Grattan and 
Ward While. But for the 
sector as a whole, investors 
would be well advised to wail 
for next month's figures for 
retail sales. If they confirm 
this week's weaker trend 
investors could be in for a 
dull time. 


Shares romp to new peak 

Share prices went from 
strength to strength as the bull 
run showed no sign of slacken- 
ing. The FT 30-share index 
soared 1 3.6 points to close at a 
record 1234J. and the FT-SE 
index of 100 shares gained 
16.6 at 1491.9. 

Against a background of 
speculation, aO sectors raced 
ahead. Stores, which, fell on 
Monday on disappointing 
January retail sales, were well 
to the fore, often scoring 
double-figure gains. 

Among leaders the spotlight 
switched to Granada, after a 
surprise bid from Rank 
Organisation. The Granada, 
shares ended with 70p gain at 
3l0p with Rank also adding 
5p a 549p. 

Speculation that Beechams 
may be lining up a bid left 
Fisons I7p higher at 498p. 
Among many other big names 
' meeting speculative demand 
; was Bowater 7p better at 31 5p. 
Wimpey JOp up at L58p. and 
; Lonrho 5p higher at 254p. 

Electronics and armaments 

shares gained fresh impetus 
from the £5 billion Saudi 
defence deal British Aero- 
space made further headway 
20p higher at 508p. Lucas rose 
17p at 575p, while other 
double figure gains were seen 
in Vickers, 358p, GEC, 2l0p. 
and Dowty, 187p. Imperial 
encountered profit-taking 
down Sp at 31Sp. 

Option trading in Bass was 
reflected in the share price. 
I8p up at 368p. Among sec- 
ondary issues Manchester 
Ship gained 35p to 580p. 
excited by the Highams stake- 
buflding, while doubled inter- 
im profits gave a 25p fillip to 
Mouotleigu at 610p. 

Speculative buying was 
good for 9p on Yorkshire 
Chemical at 91p. while the 
Oaygate project gave a 25p 
fillip to London and Edin- 
burgh at 55Sp. 

Gilts, looking for lower US 
interest rates added another 
while banks managed to 
rally a few pence after 

yesterday's setback. 

Among the best rises seen in 
the stores sector were GUS A. 
43p up at 889p, and Dixons 
showing at 35p rise at 1080p. 

Hopes of higher cement 
prices lifted Bine Circle 7p at 
580p. Elsewhere DPCE ream- 
ed to satisfactory trading news 
17p higher at 465p. 

Oils continued to lose 
ground and kaffirs fell I Op to 
50 cents in quiet business. 

Option market: Calk were 
produced in; Suuleigh, S and 
W Berisford, Sharna Ware, 
STC, Stakkis, Grovebell. Am- 
ber Day, Whitecroft, 
Wellcome, Ransome Sims. 
Brunswick Oil. Cowan de 
Groot, Barrie lnv. Cluff Oil. 
Five Oaks, United Biscuits 
warrants. Wold, Raine Inds, 
Martin Ford. Kwik Fit, Prest- 
wjeh. Apricot Computers, 
Hampton Gold. Campari. 
Sound Diffusion, Pavion, 
Westland, Monument 

A put was arranged 



Abbott M 
Ashley L 
Cable & Wire 
Control Tech 
U-Datron int 
Davidson Pee 
Ferausn J 

Lexicon Inc 
Macro 4 
Really Useful 

St Ives Gp. 
Safeway UK 



up 4 

160 up 2 
23 up 1 
59 dn 1 
125 dn 1 
156 up 1 
660 dn 10 







210 dn 2 
97 dn 4 
77 dn 1 
188 dnl 
174 up 7 


Goal Pet 
Hogg Rob 
Safeway UK 
Storm gard 

149 up 3 

31 9 up 1 
£41 up % 
‘ 13 


Granada .. 308.00 +68.00 
Brown & Jackson _ 28.00 

Sangers Photo 90.00 


Star Computer 63.00 +8.00 
Micro Focus 190.00 +20.00 
Checkpoint 95.00 + 1 0.00 
Bush Radio 130.00+13.00 

ICC Oil Services 4.50-1.50 
Miss World Group 190.00- 


Triton Europe _ 170.00 - 


Sycamore Holdings 30.00- 




• frKKMEMA: Uroup 
profit for 1985. after financial 

' items, 320 million krona (about 
~ £30 million), against 82 mflhon 
krona. Sales 1.60 billion krona 
’ (404 m illion krona). Dividend 
0.75 krona (a 125 krona). 
Perm etna forecasts a 1 986 profit 
of about 700 million krona on a 
turnover of about 3 billion 
krona, exclusive of its planned 
. takeover of WilhSonesson and 
■ its acquisition of a controlling 
stake in Pharmacia. 

MINING: Interim dividend nil 
(same). Net profit Aus 513.50 

* million (about £6.7 million), 
against Aus 52.06 million. Turn- 

. over Aus $51.42 million (Aus 
" $19.71 million). 


HOLDINGS: interim dividend 
S cents (nil). Aus 

$41.74 million (about £21 

' miiliont against : AusS9.3l md- 
Jiofl. Sales Aus $735.24 milium 
i a us $204.41 million). 


■ MENT& The directors are 

unable to recommend 

- of any dividend for 1985. Tne 

■ company ** cunwnly seeking 
• Scission from the court to set 

SEE n accumulated tosses^ 

(^principally from the disposal 

of Carpets International (UK) 
against the share premium ac- 
count. On the basis of per- 
mission being granted by the 
court and in the light of income 
expected in the first halfof 1986. 
the directors will consider pay- 
ing an interim dividend next 
August . • 

terms of the proposed issue of 
$80 million in convertible pref- - 
erence shares has now been 
agreed with Credit Suisse First 
Boston. The dividend coupon, 
will be 8% per cent which is 
lower than the originally in- 
dicated range of to 9per 
cenL The conversion price into 
the common shares of Hawley 
been fixed at 135p. representing 
a 23 per cent premium over the 
dosing price of the common 
shares on Feb. 17. 1986. 

INGS: No dividend (same) for 
the year to Sept. 30. 1985. 
Proposed one-for-ten scrip is- 
sue. Turnover £58.45 million 

(£56.68 million^ Pre lax' profit 

£251.000 (loss £165.000). 

Interim dividend 3p (2p> on 
increased capital. Turnover for 
the six months to Oct 31, 1985, 
£17-56 million (£7.67 million J. 
Pretax profit £2.31 million 
(£1.11 million). The rale of 
is well in line with the 
's expectations and it ex- 

perts property disposals to en- 

Unaudited pretax profits for 
1985 ore expected to be in the 
region of £405,000 (1984 - 

l.lp (I.4p) U l 

dividend of 
paid for the 

sure that profits for the current 
six months to substantially ex- 
ceed the £2.3 million now 

ING GROUP: The group's 
subsidiary. Senior Machine 
Tools, has purchased the main 
portion of plant and machinery, 
goodwill, know-how, drawings, 
trade marks, etc, together with 
stocks in work-in-progress from 
the receivers of Joshua Bigwood 
and Son for an estimated cash 
consideration of £190.000. 

year to Sept 30. 1985. Turnover - 
£58lj013 — ‘ 

<£925,737). Pretax 
profit £147.733 (1244.650). 

More company 
news, page 22 

Information for Siemens shareholders 

Siemens boosts capital expenditure 
and investment by 85% 

During the period from 1 0ctober to 
31 December 1985, Le. the first three months 
of the current financial year, sales in 
the Federal Republic of Germany grew much 
fester than sales abroad. K was once 

more possible to make a slight increase 
in the number of employees. Siemens again 
accelerated capital spending, following 
a sharp increase last year, and improved net 

New orders 

New orders, at £3,592m, were 3% down from 
last year's first-quarter total; however, if power 
plant business is excluded there was a gain 
of 2%. The change in German domestic order 
receipts was primarily due to power plant 
contracts concluded the previous year; 
excluding power plant business, there was 
an increase of around 10%. Internationally, 
new orders held steady at £1,974m (last year 
£ 1,991m). The Components Group experienced 

lower orders due to the worldwide depres- 
sion in its markets; however, two-figure growth 
was achieved by the Power Engineering 
& Automation Group. 


1/10/84 to 

1/10/85 to ' 



Domestic business 



- 6% 

International business 



- 1% 

The rise in sales was also mainly attributable 
to domestic business. Worldwide sales grew 
by 9% to £3, 051m. Siemens domestic sales 
accelerated 15% to £1,508m. International 
sales at £1,543m were 3% higher than the 
previous year. Sales of the Components 
Group declined 8%, while two-figure growth 
was attained by the Communication & Infor- 

mation Systems Group and the Medical 
Engineering Group. 

in Em 

1/10/84 to 

1/10/85 to 



Domestic business 




International business 



+ 3% 

in hand 

Orders in hand, at £15, 739m, grew by 3% 
during the first quarter; inventories came to 
£ 5,391m (last year £ 5.014m). 






i?SEI 3 § 



Having created 20,000 new jobs during the . 
last financial year, Siemens again increased 
the number of its employees by 1 % in the 
first quarter of 1985/86, bringing the total to 
350,000. The domestic work force remained 
unchanged at 240,000 during the first 
three months of the year as a gain of 2,000 
employees was offset by a loss of 2,000 
temporary student workers who left the com- 
pany upon completing their agreed term 
of employment the number of employees- 
abroad grew to HO.OOO; 1,000 additional 
employees were recruited and afurther 1,000 
were added by the acquisition of new sub- 
sidiaries, mainly in the U.S.A. The average 
number of employees was 350,000, or about 
6% higher than for the comparable period 

last year; employment cost increased 10% to 
£1,426m. • 

in thousands 





Domestic operations 



+ IV 






1/10/84 to 

1/10/85 to 







'adjusted for seasonal loss of temporary student employees 

spending and 
net income 

Siemens again boosted its capital expenditure 
and investment! the £282m recorded for the 
first quarter was 85% above the previous 
year’s figure. The main emphasis was on fixed 
assets in the Federal Republic of Germany. 
Capital outlays of roughly £1,700m are 
projected for the current financial year. 

With net income after taxes of £ 84m (last year 
£ 68m), Siemens achieved a net profit margin 

of 2.8% (last year 2.4%), the same as for the 
total preceding financial year. 




1/10/85 to 




in % of sales 



AM amounts translated at Frankfurt middle rate on 31/1271985: £1 - DM 3.543. 

(In German marks) 






-*■ • I 






Highest ever dividend pay-out 

Siemens will pay dividends totalling DM 573m - 
for the 1985 financial year, the largest 
sum ever distributed to shareholders by a 
company in the Federal Republic of Germany 
The company's more than 400,000 share- 
holders, including over 140,000 Siemens 
employees, will thus receive a pay-out which 
is 30% higher than last year and nearly 
double that of four years ago. Thanks to divi- 
dend and market-price increases, the average 
yield of an investment in Siemens shares - 
provided all proceeds were reinvested - was 
23% over the past five years. 

Siemens AG 

In Great Britain: Siemens Ltd. 

Siemens House, WindmiS Road, 
Middlesex, TWIG 7HS 



From >our portfolio card cbecfc vour 
eight pncc movemenis. Add them 
up to p\; you your overall total. Check 
this jjiamsc die daily dividend figure 

E ubiisned on this page'. If it matches \on 
a'c wen outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money staled. If you art a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of \our card. You must a|wa\s have 
your card available when claiming. 




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n *< v a q ob v r * - a 



Banks’ retreat from US 
could be ill-timed 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

The British banks' much 
P 0 ^ of moving into 
the US, one of the big new 
initiatives of the late 1970s, 
3ppG3ned to shift smartly into 
reverse last week. Midland 
Bank astonished the markets 
with the news that it was 
duching Crocker National, the 
ill-fated Californian bank, and 
was closely followed by Lloyds 
divesting itself of its US 

But it is hard to avoid the 
impression that this headlong 
retreat is taking place precisely 
at a time when most analysts 
agree that the Californian 
banking environment, for 
some time a disaster area, has 
hit rock bottom and can only 

That impression is rein- 
forced by US bank anal ysts 
who say that at $1 bil- 
lion(£704.7 million), Crocker 
was a steal for Wells Fargo. 

Certainly, Wells Fargo is 
following a policy of with- 
drawing into its home mar- 
kets, concentrating on its 
Californian retail network in 
which context Crocker is un- 
deniably a valuable addition. 
The attraction of Crocker was 
also that Midland had already 
done the essential work of 
cleaning up the bank's loan 
book, taking over $1 billion of 

international debt on to its 
own books. And after its 
recent poor performance 
Crocker has valuable tax 

But while the Crocker sale 
looks like an opportunistic 
move to pull back from an 
expensive mistake, the sale of 
Uoyds Bank California has 
the marks of a more consid- 
ered decision. 

Midland is gelling only the 
net asset value of Crocker 
while Lloyds is receiving over 
one and a half times net asset 
value for its bank. Moreover, 
although Uoyds Bank Califor- 
nia did not produce big re- 
turns it was not the colossal 
lossmaker that Crocker be- 
came for Midland. 

Lloyds now looks firmly set 
on a strategy of withdrawal in 
its international banking oper- 
ation. abandoning thoughts of 
a wide branch network to 
concentrate on a more central- 
ized wholesale and merchant 
banking operation. Compari- 
sons with Morgan Guarantee 
or Bankers Trust spring to 

That leaves Barclays and 
National Westminster. It may 
not be long before Barclays 
Bank California is divested. It 
is a tiny operation by Barclays 
standards, with net earnings of 

barely SS million a year. 
Barclays has shown little inter- 
est in developing the Califor- 
nia offshoot 

NatWest, on the other band, 
insists that its East Coast retail 
bank, NatWest USA, will be 
die base for further building. 
After a somewhat inauspi- 
cious start the bank turned in 
net earnings of $40 million in 
1984 and $54 million last year. 

The experience of Midland 
and Uoyds in the US suggests 
that British bankers have had 
trouble in judging the US 
retail market, but even more 
in judging the quality of the 
institutions and managements 
they were buying. 

But it is striking that Stan- 
dard Chartered and Hong 
Kong & Shanghai Bank, both 
foreign to the US, have made 
such a success there. Standard 
Chartered, indeed, is getting 
even more deeply involved in 
US retail hanking with the 
purchase of United Bank of 
Arizona to add to Union 

Standard Chartered's secret 
may simply be that as a 
diversified international bank 
it is more experienced in 
making decisions about for- 
eign markets than, say. Mid- 
land. It is also cannily using 
Union to buy United 

Coutts names its new MD 

Courts & Co: Mr Julian 
Robarts will succeed Mr Da- 
vid Money-Coutts as manag- 
ing director from March 1. Mr 
Money-Coutts will continue 
as chairman. Mr Kerin Car- 
rey is now head of financial 
control and the business de- 
velopment division. He has 
also been made an associate 

The Post Office: Mr BUI 
Cockburn will become manag- 
ing director of letters and Mr 
Tony Garrett managing direc- 
tor parcels fiom April. 

Shandwick: Mr Panl Thom- 
as has been made a director. 

Trion: Mr Pkuil Min ter is 
now sales director. 

Tilbury: Mr M C Bottfer 
has been made assistant man- 
• aging director. 

Lumley Insurance Consul- 
tants: Mr Henry Lamtey has 
become chairman; Mr Tony 
Ball, deputy chairman: Mr 
Brian Harris, managing direc- 
tor Mr Peter Lundey, a 
director, and Mr Peter Robin- 

Mrs Judith Symonds 

son, company secretary and a 

Tie Rack: Mr Ron Delnevo 
is now business development 

Multi Construction (UK): 
Mr Norman fisher has been 
made chairman and chief 

Director Publications: Mr 
Mike Bokaie is now publish- 

ing director. Mr Peter Middup 
joins the company as adver- 
tisement manager. 

Aitken Hume International: 
Mr S A (Tony) Constance is 
the new group chief executive. 

Bradstock Blanch: Mr Paul 
Walker has joined as financial 

Premier Computers: Mr 
John has been made 

finance director. 

Wakefield Storage Han- 
dling: Mr Bert Willow has 
become production director. 

Barlow Lyde & Gilbert Mr 
Stuart Hall and Mr Kennan 
Michel have become partners. 

Mappin & Webb: Mr Rob- 
ert May has been made depu- 
ty managing director. 

Drexel Burnham Lambert 
Mrs Judith Symonds has be- 
come vice president, corpo- 
rate communications, Europe. 

English China Clays: Mr D 
H L Hoplrinsou and Dr S R 
Dennison have been made 
deputy chairmen. 

Appletree: Mr John Baines 
joins the main board. 


SHEERWOOD: An agreement, 
conditional on shareholders' ap- 
proval. has been signed for the 
sale of the company’s interest in 
its subsidiaries White-Young 
and Partners. White Young. 
White Young Consulting En- 
gineers. White-Young Petro- 
chemicals (77 per cent owned), 
Prentice Royle and White- 
Young Southern Africa (reg- 
istered in Botswana) for 
£451.500 cash.The purchaser is 
the White Young Consulting 
Group, a new holding company 
in -which the management and 
certain other employees of 
White-Young and Partners and 
the disposal companies together 
hold 84 J per cent of the issued 
ordinary capital. 

• Consolidated Gold Fields: 
The agreement in principle an- 
nounced on Dec. 17, 1985. 
between the company and Ryan 
international to enter into a 
joint venture. Ryan Consoli- 
dated. has been signed. The new 
company will reclaim coal and 
other saleable material from 
coal waste dumps in Britain. _ 

• ZAPATA CORP: The divi- 

dend due on February 14 win 
not be paid. 

ERGY TRUST: The net asset 
value per ordinary share at the 
close of business on Feb. 14, 
1 986. was 1 Up after the deduc- 
tion of prior charges at par and 
114. Ip after the deduction of 
prior charges at market value. 

DIFF: Shareholders are strongly 
advised to reject the offers from 

the Wyndham Group, which are 
described by Williams* chair- 
man, Mr David Williams, as 
opportunistic, wholly inad- 
equate and without commercial 
logic. He forecasts that the profit 
on ordinary activities before tax 
for the year to Sept 30, 1986, 
will be not less than £250.000 
(£25,07 1 ). The directors will be 
considering a scheme of 
reconstruction with a view to 
enabling dividend payments to 
be resumed as quickly as pos- 

Interim dividend 1.21 p (same), 
payable March 18. Turnover 
£1 5.3 million (£15.2 million) for 
the half-year to Sept. 30 last. 
Pretax profit £375.000 
(£301.000). The chairman, Mr 
Arthur Britton, reports that the 
mainstream activities, scaffold- 
ing. powered access and insula- 
tion divisions, continued to 
perform satisfactorily and the 
painting divirion is now profit- 
able. He is confident of a 
reasonable second half. The 
company's shares are traded on 
the over-the-counter market. 

nal of 1.1 5p. making 2p (l.875p 
adjusted) is being paid on May 5 
for the year to Jan. 31, 1986. 
Pretax profit £6.45 million (£6.2 
million). Earnings per share 
1.99p (l.9p). 

MENT TRUST: A final divi- 
dend of 3.3p, making S.3p 
(4.65p) is being paid for 1985. 
Group profit before tax £4.75 _ 

\"v ' 

The OU Pavilion at Taunton: not exactly aesthetic but it sits harmoniously with its sumnnidings 

Ramshackle building full of memories 

And thou what needest with thy . dose to the cosnty ground, and memories, which go b ack no than die elaborate p i— for a 

tribds black tents 

The Westgate, where the lud- 

Who hast the red pavilion of my lord is Roy Marshall, formerly 

Francis Thompson now a 
The Taanton cricket ground 
acq aired a swish new red peril- .V- 
ion-grandstand a few years ago. “p™* 
Its internal appointments are . - 

noble, and though I find it 
externally unattractive, I am ““ ' 

of West Indies and Hampshire, 
now a Somerset committee mem- 

The Old Pavilion is a decent- 
looking, ramshackle hriHin p, 
which has stood since abent the 
beginning of the century, shortly 
after Somerset became a first- 

further than Gimblett and 
Wellard, - bet memories handed 

reconstruction ab initio, fa- 
voured by several senior raem- 

leanrina to keen my opinion cricketing county. It is not, 

quiet, because most local people 8 b* c ti y^ ai> aesthetic delight, to 

are proud of it, especially now it 
Is nearly paid for. 

sits harmouioasty with its 
surroundings. Taanton has 

Howeverjhcre remains, <m but still has aroch 

the other side of the ground, “ “* attnos P h ? e 01 * 
another stand, a wooden baild- W" “ 

fug of black and white, now ffe*_ _ tfc 5. away * 

commonly known as The Old 
Pavilion. The problem has re- 

Internally, the “O-P.” was never 
well clipped. The dressing- 

down to ns by the Somerset hers, among them my old and 
pioneens Woods, Hewett, the usually wise friend, Rex Frost 
Palairets, Bra and, Daniel I, Rex was the comity trea su rer 

White. Robertson-Glasgow. If for some thae, and the founder of 
the demolition men moved in, the Supporters.' Club, hot his 
the ghosts of such would fore- debenture scheme is really too 
stall them by walking through ambitions. Somerset's fortunes 
the walls. have been much brighter in 

Cricket is all the better for a recent years than seemed pos- 
fitde hunting. Cricket gmmds able throughout most of their 
are foolish to let thefr oldest history, hot they have still never 
things depart. Yes, even Lord's won the championship, indeed 
has not been the same for me last year they rather comically 
since the Tavern comer was finished bottom, after a number 
destroyed by the new stand; and of good judges (wdl, I and the 
now that the Monad is to be. Sage of Lougparish) had nude 
redeveloped as well, it trill sooa optimistic prophecies. 

eently arisen, prompted partly rtwmof ti nt voting side was in a 
by the exipmeiesoffire regular T*" ™ ■**£- 

+ S aZ nSu-l j- ■-• ■7a YlMfM ukiTMVVfllt f>«f hmvW. 

tabus, “What to do with it? 
Knock it down, and replace it? 

he ade d Glamorgan Cut bowler, 
a genial lad called J-B. Evans, 

Jnst knock it down? Or rebuild who “ F™* ■PPTOkMm it 

it to the extent required by the 
fire authority?" 

This has cansed modi imbib- 
ing of pints and expulsion 
(indeed at moments of stress you 

waved his team-mates back: 
“Steady, boyos", be said, “bet- 
ter pot a canary down first" 
The players now have more 
comfortable accommodation 

might also call it exbibing) of gnmid, and! should 

breath among the cricfcetfrater- be sorry to see the “OP." go- It 

nhy, at least in the pahs I 
frequent, The Ring o' Bells, 

ban too many memories - I do 
not speak only of. my own 


Why charity must 
begin at home 

From John Balhmtine, Honolulu 

million (£4.1 million). Earnings 
per sham 5.59p (4.9Ip). 

• APPLETREE: The com- 
pany and Fenntare, a co-op- 
erative, have agreed to form a 
joint marketing company for the 
handling of the produce grown 
by Fenmarc for supermarkets. 
This agreement is designed to 
strengthen both companies' 
penetration of this markeL 
Fenmarc has about 60 growers 
who between them form some 
40,000 acres in Engla nd. 

the half-year to OcL 31, 1985, 
turnover was £287,000 
(£470,000). Loss for the period 
£ 1 98,000 (profit £ 1 ,000). No tax 
(nil). Loss per share 6.5p (0.1 

HOLDINGS: Interim dividend 
35 cents (same), payable on 
April 1 1. figs in rOOO Consoli- 
dated profit R 1 65.93 million 
(about £56 million), against , 
R91.I8 million for the six 
months to Dec 31 last, before 
tax and lease considerations 
R64.ll million (R40.99 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 177 
cents (87 cents). The board 
reports that the 103 per cent 
increase in attributable profit 
reflects both the higher revenue 
and the absence of forward 
metal purchases as well as the 
foreign exchange losses which 
affected the previous period. 
Remanning has been success- 
fully completed and it has 
proved possible to re-engage a 
substantial proportion of those 
former employees who were 
cocrccd into striking against 
their will. The impact of the 
disruption is difficult to quan- 
tify but the best estimate is a loss 
of attributable earnings totalling 
R45 million and is unlikely that 
the results for the full year will 
be significantly better than for 
the previous financial year. 

NATIONAL: Six months to 
Dec 31. 1985. No interim, but in 
accordance with the prospectus, 
the directors intend to recom- 
mend not less than 0.53p per 
share in November. Figs in :000. 
Turnover £5.54 million (£3.92 
million). Profit before tax 
£333.000 (£42.000). 

Some of Mac O’Grady 's harsh 
criticisms here of Dean Beman, 
the US tour commissioner, con- 
tained observations and ideas 
about the state of American . 
tournament golf which found 
sympathetic echoes among or- 
dinary players, particularly 
those not' among the leading 
money winners. 

Why should the professional 
who performs for the first two 
days of an event then produces 
hundreds of thousands of dol- 
lars for charity, who pays his 
entry foe. caddy charges and 
personal expenses for travel and 
accommodation and then foils 
to qualify, leave the venue 
without a cent? Should not' 
every entrant in fields of 144 go 
away with say $2,000 (£1,400). 
out of the total purse? 

The usual answer is that 
professionals are self-employed 
freelance contractors, the 14 
dubs in their bags are their stock 
in trade and they endure weeks 
and sometimes months with 
very little income because they 
are “their own men." Nobody 
tells them where they play or 
when and consequently they 
don’t expect, nor should they 
receive, any reward when they 

But there is a growing body of 
opinion among the also-rans 
which says that this is not only a 
Catch 22 situation but is a 
basically unfair one. Forget 
O’Grady's wilder words about 
Beman. Here are some of his 
sounder ideas about bow the 
lour should take better care of 
the men who make it what it is. 

“The tour gives away $15 
million to charity each year, 
admittedly an act of benevo- 
lence and kindness, but the 
players have no hospitalization 
schemes," O’Grady said, point- 
ing out that charity should begin 
at home. “Jim Neuord mangled 
an arm in a water-skiing ac- 
cident and that injury wiped out 
bis savings and his career. Jack 
Newton walked into an airplane 
propeller. That the tour doesn't 
have adequate insurance is an 

“We’re allowed three releases 
each season to play in events 
opposite official PGA 
tournaments," O'Grady, who 
was once a European pro- 
fessional, explained. “If you're 
part of Beman's pseudo-elite 
social dub .he’ll gram you more 
than three but he II expect you to 

respond by playing in a tour- 
nament of his choice later on. 
The dinosaurs (the top few 
players) tell him to stuff XhaL 

“Beman says that if we don't 
play in Wednesday’s pro-ams, 
we don't get pension plan 
points. Y« we only get points if 
we make 15 cuts," O’Grady > 
said. “Beman creates his own 
totalitarian rules and anybody 
who alienates himself or vi- 
olates Beman's principles of 
authority gets fined." 

O'Grady’s main complaint 
seems to be that the pro- i 
fessionals are not so free as they 
appear to be. “If we're indepen- 
dent contractors. as he says, how 

1 1 ■ M 

Leading earnings 

US TOUR (US mtoH vttMd): 1 . H button, 
$141,960; 2, B Linger (WGl $141,692; 3. 
C Pasts. $137 .M3: 4. D Hammond. 
$117,092: 5. f Zoeflsr, $116,875; 6. C 
Pavfci. $103^07; 7. B Tmy.S101.035; 8. P 
Azinger, $90,158: 9. T Site. $89.168: 10. P 
SHmrt, $88,192; 11.J Cook, $7&138; 12. 
T WBtson. 589,136; 13, M O'Meara. 
$87,530; 14, J Mudd. $57,449; 15. M 
WlStK. 551.591; 18. J MafwHoy. $49,738: 
17. J Thom* $43317; IB, P Btockmw, 
$40909: 19. C Slocler, £40551: 20 D 
Edwards, $30525. BrtfMc 31. S_Lyts. 
$27440 113. N Faldo. S4J717; 127, P 
Oostsrtwb. 32421- 

can Beman put trade restrictions 
onour services?" he asked. This 
strikes an answering chord in 
the memories of Bntisb golfers 
who recall that Mr Beman, some 
years ago, attempted to make 
American tournaments on both 
sides of the British Open 
“designated" ones so that it 
would be impossible for players 
like Jack Nicklaus, Tom Watson 
and Johnny Miller either to 
holiday or do business in the 
United Kingdom detrimental to 
the US tour. 

That idea has long since gone, 
but both critics and supporters 
of Beman believe that his insis- 
tence that more and more 
tournaments move on to PGA 
owned or part-owned “stadium 
courses" means that the tour 
here will eventually control 
most tour sites, and when that 
happens they say “watch out". 

There has always, of course, 
been a basic unevenness in the 
distribution of prize-money, 
witness the cheques received 
here by Corey Pavin S90.000, 
Bernhard Langer $29,000, Mac 
O’Grady $7,014. Nick Faldo 
(five strokes behind Langer) 
$4,016 and Peter Oosterimis (10 
behind) $1,203. 

be no more than just another 
county ground, and not a very 
good one either, with its slope 
and its ridge. ' 

I can report from Taunton 
that the committee have not yet 
been iffikfad by the dMmnri 
rush. They intend to raise 
enough money - about £30,000 - 
to meet the fire requirement, and 
to preserve the outward struc- 
ture. Whether thfa» can be done, 
with ail the fiiumrial complica- 
tions, is not quite certain, but it 
will be a more feasible project 





By Srikamar Sen. 
Boxing Correspondent 

Prince Rodney, the British 
light-middleweight champion, 
wUJ have to be at his sharpest to 
resist the challenge of Chris 
Pyatt, of Leicester, at the Albert 
Hall tonight. It is a contest full 
of interesting possibilities and 
much depends od Rodney’s 
mental attitude. Pyatt is young, 
keen and ready for the fray. 

Rodney has been showing 
signs of weariness after a long, 
hard haul to reach the top. 
Turning professional in 1977, be 
had to battle all the way. He 
suffered a first-round knockout 
by Hero! Graham, then after 
winning the title he received an 
eye injury in sparring and was 
forced to give up the title. He 
won it back last May from 
Jimmy Cable by knocking out 
the Orpington boxer in the first 
round. But be looked lethargic 
in his fort two contests when 
winning his Lonsdale Bell out- 
right against Mick Courtney and 
when losing a 10-rounder to 
Adam Geoige, a lively young 

PyatLon the other bandjs the 
most improving British boxer. 
A Commonwealth gold medal 
winner, and at 23 four years 
younger than Rodney, he is at 
his peak. In his 15 bouts be has 
been beaten only once, on a cut 

Both men are hard punchers, 
Rodney perhaps the heavier. 
Both can be hit. but then again 
Rodney, perhaps, the less so, 
being the cagier after 37 con- 
tests, 31 wins and five defeats. 
They have a common opponent, 
the stylish and durable Brian 
Anderson, from Sheffield. Both 
Rodney and Pyatt had to get off 
the floor to beat Anderson, 
Rodney to stop him, Pyatt to 
win on points. They may have 
to get off the floor again tonight. 

It will be very much a 
question of who lands' the first 
solid punch to gain the advan- 
tage. 1C according to his way, 
Pyatt comes looking for for Die 
champion he could be on the 
end or a looping left band of the 
sort that sent Cable sailing 
through the air. If Rodney backs 
away and looks tentative, 
Pyatt’s sharper two-handed 
punchingcould have him on the 
canvas. To win Rodney will 
have to do the damage early for 
in the later stages Pyati's youth 
could telL 

The upper tier of the stand, 
under the new plan, will provide 
seats for 180 vice-presidents, 
wh3e below the bar and buffet 
will be put together again. I am 
not sure, however, that all vice- 
presidents, not as a dass of men 
renowned for their agility, will 
Hke being transplanted to such a 
height and riktanw from the 
Stragglers' Bar. 

As all readers who know the 
Taanton ground will immedi- 
ately recognize, the fate of “The 
Stragglers" that single-floor. 

tatty, beloved little btrildmg, is of 
much importance. It has had 
many different official names, 
but it began life as the property 
of the Somerset Stragglers CC. 
and you can always tell a 
Taunton habitue in the morning 
on the nod, “Stragglers at one 
o’clock then." 

The Stragglers is not a fire 

hazard. It has been judged that if 
fire should strike, even the most 
convivial straggler should be 
able to take the few steps 
necessary to escape the holo- 
caust, even if he is lying on the 
floor and holding on. Besides, as 
Rex Frost explained, there is no 
point in wasting money knock- 
ing it down, when it will collapse 
of Its own accord any season 

So for a while yet Sam, the 
barman there, and I will be. able 
to bold oar secretive, heretical 
Yorkshire conferences there, 
and if we are in the middle of 
one. talking of Boycott, when the 
roof descends npoo us, it wfll be 
felt, especially among vice-presi- 
dents, that we will have got no 
more than Yocks foremen de- 

Alan Gibson 


The home-made 
insurance policy 

By Richard Streeton 

Northamptonshire, who last 
summer bad only three locally- 
born players in the side, are to 
organize a new coaching scheme 
to find home-grown talent 
within their own borders. It is an 
exciting concept aimed at insur- 
ing the county's future and 
coincides with the completion 
of Stephen Coverdale’s first year 
as secretary-manager to the 

“We are a county with limited 
financial and population re- 
sources and the young players 
have not always been coming 
through," Coverdale explains. 
Brian Reynolds, the former 
Northamptonshire batsman and 
latterly chief coach, will now 
have his rote expanded to ensure 
a closer liaison between the local 
cricket association, the dubs 
and the schools, right down to 
boys of nine and 10. 

Coverdale, who is 31 and a 
qualified solicitor, is one of the 
new breed of young county 
administrators, who are helping 
cricket adjust to modem eco- 
nomic necessities*. He won 
hisBIue at Cambridge, playing 
I four times against Oxfordjand - 
' later understudied David 
Bairstow as Yorkshire 
wicketkeeper before he joined 
■the BBC as sports editor of 
Radio Leeds in 1982. Last 
spring he moved to North- 
amptonshire, succeeding Ken 
Turner, who served the county 
as an official for 36 years, the 
last 25 as secretary. 

“It is our hope that the 
comprehensive development we 
are planning for our coaching 
set-up will benefit not only the 
county dub but tbe game locally 
as well,” he says. "T sometimes 
fear for cricket standards. The 
reservoir of talent seems 
shallower than in the past This 
coincides, too, with a period 
when it is necessary for stan- 
dards and facilities in first-class 
cricket to be higher than ever 
before. We owe that to our 
members, supporters and 

Last summer Northampton- 
shire held nets for about 80 
cricketers aged between 16 and 
22 who had written for trials. 
“Yet you could count on the 
fingers of one hand those with 
the basic ability who could be 
recommended justifiably to try 
and make the grade." he said. 

Coverdale said North- 
amptonshire had been planning 
to lighten up their coaching 

arrangements for some time. A 
fresh impetus had come from 
the emphasis placed by the 
TCCB’s recent Palmer Report 
on the need to do this on a 
nationwide basis. 

“My personal view is that a 
great deal of the Palmer Report 
will only be regarded as a basis 
for discussion on the game's 
future structure. But 1 also feel 
that there is no doubt that they 
are absolutely right about the 
need for coaching to be co- 
ordinated better." 

Coverdale has three specific 
areas of responsibility at North- 
ampton: the club’s administra- 
tion. fund-raising and 
promotion, and cricket manage- _ 

At Northamptonshire he has 
problems unique among county 
administrators with a head- 
quarters ground shared by the. 
town's Football League club, 
with both leasing their playing 
area from an ancient trust. 
“Inevitably the football club's 
presence imposes a limitation 
on the development we might 
try to do as a county cricket 

Northamptonshire, with 
some 2.000 members and a 
turnover of only £400,000. are 
among the poorer counties and 
fund-raising remains a nagging 
worry for Coverdale. No other 
county is watching more closely 
the current examination by the 
TCCB into whether a propor- 
tion of the ancillary rights 
available to counties staging 
Test matches should be paid to 
clubs without the opportunity 
for such income. 

Larger catering opportunities, 
hospitality boxes and advertis- 
ing boards which can be sold 
with a guarantee of television 
exposure, all bring extra income 
from Tests which is not there for 
counties such as Northampton- 
shire. "It is a delicate matter and 
we appreciate Test match 
grounds must have the best 
facilities because Test cricket is 
so important to us alL" 

“On the other hand." Cover- 
dale adds, “the 17 champion- 
ship counties should be 
regarded as an entity. 
Remembering those ancillary 
rights, we at the non-Tesi match 
grounds feel we deserve a 
slightly larger piece of the cake 
from them because of the 
contribution we also make to 
the game." 

Babe Ruths among the bush-babes 


Result-- for the > u* flu- MOth September. 

Profit before tax increased 20% to £2,682,000 
(1984 -£2,240,000) 55 S 

Earnings per share increased 31% to 26.07p a 
(1984 - 19.87p) _ 

Final dividend increased 26% to 7.0p per share 
(1984 - 5.50p) . » 

Annual Report from S€ ^ 1 t ?& Gonng Ke " plC ’ r 
\fcle Road, Windsor, Berks SL45JX 


A sport dud has cows for a 
crowd and a dub like the 
Deanmarsh Martians has prob- 
ably not attracted Mr Packer's 
keen eye jest yet: but Australian 
baseball is not worried. 

It is, in fact, growing at 3. 
fairly steady rate, creeping out 
from the dries through the 
so barbs to the bush and now, of 
all places. Northern Territory 
has taken op America's summer 
pastime - a curious sight on the 
dust-blown wastes south of Dar- 

Much farther south of Darwin 

the sport that made Babe Ruth 
famous has Victoria in a rice- 
like grip of excitement as the 
state has jnst won Australia's 
equivalent of die World Series, 
die Claxtoa Shield. Victoria 
defeated Western Australia last 
Saturday by five runs to two, to 
take tbe best-of-three series and 
cement their reputation as the 
country's finest. 

The teams wore caps, the 
catcher had mitts, and die 
pitcher knew how to throw a 
curve ball; bat, frankly, the 
similarity to one of those great 
showdowns between tbe Yan-. 


Sue Mott 

kees and tbe Dodgers ended 

For one thing, when a huge hit 
was fouled oat into die darkened 
depths of the stadiam, officials 
were forced to appeal for the 
ball's ret an. At $10 a tall, they 

cannot afford to lose one, and, as 
if to prove on cue that baseball is 
still an esoteric taste in this 
cricket-ia&toated country, the 
ABC television transmission of 
the final was interrupted fey a 
quick operatic bora* of Don 

GfovaniiL Em harassed produc- 
ers later acknowledged their 
mistake, bat some thought they 
might actually be vying for a 
broader viewing base. 

Curiously, for all the sport's 
low to completely submerged 
profile, baseball bats have been 
wielded fa Australia for almost a 
century and not Just to kill' 
cockroaches. A rush of Califor- 
nia gold diggers to the fields of 
Victoria inthe 1850s effectively 

imported the sport and h was 
taken np by tbe locals in 1894 
when the New South -Wales 
Baseball Association was 

The Claxtoo Shield was in- 
stigated in 1934 and has been 
played for ever since with only a 
break for the Second World 
War. Norrie CJiurton's perma- 
nent tribute to the sport in which 
he excelled for Sooth Australia. 
If it seems odd that anyone 
bothered to excel in baseball, it 

should be added that he was also 
a champion in cycling, athletics, 
hockey, cricket and Australian 
Rotes footbalL 

' Baseball is now played by 
100,000 people. The BeUarine 
Bears do it, the Cobc Rebels 
play it and even the world- 
renowned Chappells tried it, 
much to tbe co nste rnation of 
Ibeir cricketing father. “I had an 
equal love of cricket and base- 
ball when I was a Idd," 1 an 
Chappell, the former Australian 
Test captain and rabid Yankee 
fan, said. “It certainly helped 
Greg and myself in putting away 
the fulnesses-" 

Chappell, it may prosper the 
cause of sporting trivia to note, 
played far South Australia in the 
Claxtoo Shield in the mid- 
sixties and retains a great 
affection for the sport “It suits 
the Aussie nature so weir, he 
said. "Tbe crowd can make some 
noise, sink some beer, and really 
get on the opposition" -what 
there is of the crowd, it should be 

The Claxtoa Shield final was 
an exception, staged at the 
magnificent Party field with its 
fibreglass mound and flood- 
lights and at least 2.000 spec- 
tators packed behind home 

Usually the fields are a little 
more spartan, running tbe gamut 
of ingenuity right down to sheep 
paddock, and with a crowd 
correspondingly varied. “We 
used to play on parklands where 
yon had to be careful of the cow 
dung", Chappell said. “And 
often we would have to stop in 
the middle of a game when a cow 
wandered into centre field." 

Not surprisingly, admin- 
istrators of the amateur sport 

are keen to sever any counectkfB 
with the American version of tHe 

game. They see native resistance ' 

to a sport naturally pursued by 
balking gnm-chewers with 
multi-million dollar take-homes 
when all tbe Claxton winners 
take home is the shield. 

Touches of Australian 
authenticity are being actively 
sought tat THe fact remains 
that any truly prodigious pros- 
pect, like New Sooth Wales's 
Mark Shipley, is whisked across j 
the Pacific before cricket can ■v 
snare him. Shipley is one of a 
bandful of Australians who have 
made a professional career, 
albeit in the minor leagues, with 
the Los Angeles Dodgers. 

Gary O'Brien, president of the 
Victorian provincial baseball 
league with 190 dabs on hjs 
books, reckons the very 
“compactness" of Australian 
baseball saves it from the worst 
- excesses endured by the United A 
Stated. “We have no drug prob- 
lem at all m the sport," be said. 
“The worst that happens here is 
someone drinking three hems 
too many and needing a ride 
home from Us mates." 

j i-m 


pa*- : « ' XT. r - - 


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1 f- 



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Gatting’s nose broken 
as England’s worst 
fears turn to reality 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Kingston, Jamaica 
England's worst fears in* room for his stroke, drove 

a high catch to deep cover, and 
Lamb, pulling, a higher one to 
long leg. The crowd, no more 
than a handful ax the. start, 
now approached 10,000. 

. seemed well founded when the 

- first one-day international 
against West Indies Wap 

r yesterday. Put in by 

- Richards, they finished at 145 

■ for eight after 46 overs, 

- PffiMS having had his nose 
broken in the process of being 
out and Gower's recent run of 
feilures having continued. To 
make matters worse, Ellison 
as well as Botham, was miss* 
mg from the England side. 

Gooch and Gatting bad 
been together for 1 2 overs and 
were looking capable of pull- 
ing England round from a Stan 
of 10 for two when Gatting 
made to hook a bouncer from 
Marshall, To be " fair to the 
West Indians, they had been 
1 rationing the short stuff and 
this was a perfectly &ir bait 

- Gatling simply backed his 
chance of hitting it for four, 
but it was a shade too fast for 
him and the bounce a fraction 
too steep. 

Gatting departed, the leg 
bale off, his face streaming 
^with blood. In Marshall's next 
over but one Gooch, having 
. made 36 out of 63, was caught 

■ at the wicket But Lamb hung 
on and Willis raised England's 

- hopes of some son of recovery 
with three or four strong, 
short-arm strokes, mostly off 
the fast bowlers, and lofted to 

.the offside from outside the 

- leg stump. 

_ A couple of dropped catches 
-in the deep, offered by Lamb 
' off Harper, also went begging. 
But in the 38th over Willey 
and Lamb were out on 
successive balls. Willey, mak- 

leads by 

Hamilton (Renter) — Allan 
Border, with a masterly 
captain's innings of 77, Jed the 
Australians to a four-wicket 
victory over Northern Districts 
here yesterday in the opening 
match of their New Zealand 
tour. Hie victory, achieved only 
,a few minutes before the sched- 
uled dose, was rather more 
comfortable than the margin 
suggests a ad should put the 
Australians in good heart for the 
first Test match beginning in 
Wellington on Friday. 

Border, who played the best 
.'innings of a rain-anected three- 
day match, reshuffled' the hal- 
ting order and, at -the end, sufl 
..had an opening ba t sman, 
Marsh, and the aU-rounder, 
Matthews, in hand- Border dis- 
played a superb range of strokes 

. NORTHERN DtSTWCTS: Fir«t tnnk>gsT87 
1or2doc(DW*tt 53.88 BWr 51 no! out) 
Second Innings . 

. R MawHrmey b Retd — — ; — 0 

• L M Crocker b Bright 23 

D Write c waughS Raid 8 

B R BMr c Woo<p b Bright 4S 

•G P Howartfi s* Zoaftrar D BnaW 8 

-CMKugpMncOwtab Bright .6 

- tB A Young D* Daria 31 

MJChWcfcfesffifsewsbBngrt f> 

■•SScoBbRMJ : » 

-KTrrtberbnekJ : 8 

SM Carrington not out , — 1 

Exbas (3 a ib a. nb 6) — - 22 

jc^A»a«.a u*£-m 'T'-m.- v 

Patterson: early blows 

It was thought better to give 
Botham more time in which to 
get fit for Frida/s Test match, 
which the physiotherapist is 
hopeful he will be. Ellison, 
who has a slightly strained 
side and some prickly heat - a 
niggle and an itch - has been 
bowling well enough for no 
chances to be taken with him 
either. Rather than take the 
opportunity of including Ed- 
monds as well as Emburey and 
Willey, thereby fielding three 
spinners. England opted for 
Foster, Thomas and Taylor, 
an improbable trio of faster 

Patterson, opening the 

bowling with Gamer, yorfced 
Robinson in his first over and 
had Gower caught at first slip bis second. It was 
spectacular start to the long- 
legged Jamaican's internation- 
al career. Though not as tali as 
Gamer and Walsh, Patterson 
is well over 6 ft and looks 
strong with h. Mostly he 
pitched the ball well up, 
partly, no doubt, because the 
groundsman seemed to have 
produced a less bouncey pitch 
than the last one. Patterson 
bowled genuinely if not 
ligh tellingly fast. 

Robinson was out to his 
fourth ball, as was Gower, 
aiming a somewhat wafty shot 
at the pitch of the ball. In 
Patterson's fifth over, Gooch, 
then 11, was missed at slip, a 
sharp, shoulder-high chance to 
Richards, and Gatting took a 
first nasty blow on the left 
wrist Of Gooch’s first eight 
runs ax were from edged shots 
against Gamer. And Richards 
still had Marshall and Walsh 
up his sleeve. 


G A Gooch b Marshal 

R T Rctetflon b Pananor 
•D i Sowar c Retards b Patterson 

MWGattnqMwu b Marshal 10 

A J Lamb dOaenidgo b Mar ahafl 30 

PWBay c Richardson b Marshal 26 

+t* R Dawnion Km b Gamer _ 

J E Emburey b Gamer - 
A Rawer not cm _ . . 

J G Thomas nol out 

Extras • 

: 2s 

Total (8 wkts, 46 overa) 1*5 

LB Tmtar dW not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-Z 2-10. 3-*7, 4-63. 
5-1 25. 6-125. 7-137. 8-143. 

Haynes, R B Richardson, TV ARicnanlC. 
H A Gomes. fPJ DiAon. R A Harper, M 0 
Marshal. J Gamer, C A wash, B P 

Umpires: D Archer and A Gaynor 

England shown 
up in field 

From Simon Wflde,Co!wnbo 

England B must be beginning to England's discontent was not 

Total . 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0. 2-23. 3-6*. 4-8*. 
, 5-®. 6-100. 7-1 DO. 8-1*5, 6-162. 10-167. 
BCWAJNQ: Raid 1Z2A3M ; Daws 11-3- 
-23-1: Brett KKM3-5: GStaert 8*80-0; 
Waugh «-11-C; PWBps 14M-0; Mat- 
• them 7-2-16-0. 

AUSTRALIANS: Rrsi Inrtngs 153 tori 
dec (GRJ Matthews 57 not out) 

Second tarings 

WB PhlBps c Crocker b Canlngwn - 12 

. TT JZoefirerc Child bTnjttwr 30 

- iwauflhoYoursbtrefcer. £ 


Tl jzoemr cuwn iiw» - 
S Waugh c Voting b Ttetaer — 
‘A R Border at Yoira b TVetaer . 
R J Bright c and bCWd 

I Bright 

D Gtten c and bTrebar . 
GM ttcMa not out - 
Extras (bl.nb 2) 

Total (6 wkta) - . 


PALL OF’vWCKETS: 1-17. 2-22, 3-92, *■ 
110. 5-136. 6-136. 

BOWUNCt Cwrtarton BMMjTratter 
23-5-92-4; Soatf -jwSLft KuggeMnBO- 
144: Chid 11-1-23-1: Mawtwney 1-1-O-Os 
Cracker 0.44M4L 

wonder what on earth they are 
doing in Sri Lanka. Their 
frustration rose yesterday as 
steadily as the afternoon sun 
and their pursuit must fed as 
trivial as the board game which 
has now reached these parts. 

Sri Lanka advanced their first 
innings score from 161 for one 
to 390 for six in the fourth four- 
day international here yesterday 
and with only one day left there 
is no realistic prospect of a 
dcfiniicrcsulL A draw today 
would be the seventh in as many 
. first-class matches for England 
on the tour. They continue to 
. struggle to bowl sides out. Even 
when someone bowls weft, as 
Agnew and Cook did yesterday, 
it is not being translated into the 
taking of wickets. 

Their present frame of mind 
is epitomized by their showing 
. in the field, which would have 
embarrassed most county sides. 
At least five chances went 
begging and any number of half- 
chances were casually left as 
siieh. Fernando, who went on to 
-make a hard-struck 56 with 
three, sixes and. six fours, was 
dropped iri the gully when four 
.by Randall, who will not be 
given an easier catch in his life. 
And if Randall is dropping 
them; then something must be 

When England's- tour began 
their ambition was to force Sri 
Lanka to bring in their most 
senior players, which they did 
not want to do. In fact all 
England have succeeded in do- 
ing is allowing some young 
batsmen reestablish reputations 
for themselves. Yesterday, after 
Samarasekcra had his off stump 
27 dipped by Trcmlctt with only 
. 3 seven added- to his overnight 
century, in came England's old 
friend. Mahanama. Dropped at 
ihc wicket by Rhodes when 
nine, he scored an elegant 64 
wiih nine fours and shared a 
stand of 94 with Tillekcratne. a 
1 7-year-old left-hander. 

placated by what they clearly feft 
was poor umpiring. Nicholas 
remained busy ensuring that his 
bowlers continued to channel 
their energy into the next baJL 
They appeared unhappy about a 
number of decisions by K_ T. 
Ponnambalam.the umpire, es- 
pecially Cowans after he had 
had an appeal for caught behind 
turned down when Tillekeratue 
was 28. The umpire remained 
bespectacled and unmoved. 

. Mahanama became the vic- 
tim of a minor sensation when 
tic attempted to play Lawrence 
through the covers off the back 
foot and was bowled. It was the 
first time in 688 attempts that 
Lawrence had hit the stumps on 
the tour. There was much 
slapping of hands. 

In the' 1 3th over of the day 
Madugallc. the Sri Lankan cap- 
tain. retired hurt. A rising ball 
from Agnew deflected from 
glove to fece and resulted in a 
fraciured thumb, four stitches in 
his upper lipand the sheddingof 
a lot of blood. 

In a similar incident three 
years ago in a Test match in 
New Zealand Rumcsh 
Rainayakc. one of Sri Lanka's 
opening bowlers, fainted at the 
sight of John Wright's blood. 
Agnew is no Rambo but at least 
he did not do LhaL 

ENGLAND B: RtW tarings 389 tar8*C(D 
W Ranted 92. w N Stack 85] 

SR) LANKA: Run Innings 
S Warana laUas unya c Ranflai 
b Lawrence 

A Samarasakwa b Trento# .... 110 

*R Madugalto ratted hwt 57 

R Ma hgna ma b Lawrence 67 

H TOakeratns e Cook b Agnew 37 

K Ranawgto c Rhodes b Agnew 3 

G WtakraiTOwngfia nor out 29 

L Fernando -st HhotesD Smith S 

G Parera not out 0 

Extras 27 

Total <8 wMs] 390 ~ ~ 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0. 2-182. 3-276. 4- 
298. 5-304, 8-390. 

BOWUNG (to dattfcAgnew 24-3-50- 
2, Lawrence 20-i-734Trw«at: 27-M5-1: 
Cowans 24-5-75-0: Cote 2&- 12 - 68 - 0 ; 
Smith 35-0-13- r. 

Top clubs ready 
to spell out 
reform plans 

Xevin Sheetfy (above), the Everton 
andRepnbllc of Ireland midfield 
player, could be out of action for the 
rest of the season following an 
unexpected cartilage operation. 
Sheedy limped out of a recent game 
against Tottenham Hotspur with a 
knee injury which was thought to be 
ligament trouble; but it Sen was 
diagnosed that he required an opera- 

His loss comes as a blow to the 
League champions, as they chase the 

FA Cnp and League doable. Sheedy 
was a regular in last season's 
championship and Cap teams. Kevin 
Richardson, who deputized for him in 
the 1984 FA Cnp final, will fill the 
gap, bat the Everton manager, How- 
ard Kendall, will have to think 
seriously about whether he needs to go 
into the transfer market to strengthen 
a squad which is already missing its 
first- choice centre half, Derek 
Monntikld, because of injury. 

United’s best assets are frozen 

The postponement yesterday 
of Manchester United's FA Cup 
fifth-round tie against West 
Ham United at Upton Park 
must have been well received a! 
Old TraffonL The tie. due to be 
played tonight, has been put 
back a fortnight because of next 
week's internationals and. 
should United play in the 
meantime, Bryan Robson and 
Norman Whiteside could be- 
come available. 

The pair will be paying 
particular attention to the long- 
range weather forecast over the 
next few days. United have two 
games scheduled between now 
and the new Cup date. Monday, 
March 3, against West 
Bromwich Albion and 
Southampton, while Robson 
and Whiteside have one and two 
games respectively to go to the 
end of their suspensions. 

United, whose success in the 
League championship is seri- 
ously threatened in particular by 
Evenon’s rush of form, will 
again be giving the Cup their 

By Clive White 

special attention. Their ability 
to overcome West Ham. whom 
this observer considers to have 
ideal credentials for Cup success 
this season, will depend largely 
upon the type of driving mid- 
field qualities that Robson and 
Whiteside can offer. 

All the other outstanding FA 
Cup ties, excluding ihat at 
Liverpool last night, were post- 
poned as the . freezing weather 
refused to relent Aston Villa's 
rearranged Milk Cup semi-final 
first leg against Oxford United, 
which was due to be staged 
tonight, was also put into cold 
storage for next Tuesday. 
Tottenham Hotspur’s tie against 
Everton. which was postponed 
from Sunday until today, has 
been further delayed until T ues- 
day. March 4. 

- This will intensify 
Tottenham's activity that week 
since they play Liverpool in a 
televised League match at White 
Han Lane the preceding Sunday 
and, should they dispose of 

Everton. will have Arsenal or 
Luton to deal with on the 
following Saturday in the sixth 
round of the FA Cup. 

Derby County are faced with 
similarly demanding weeks. Al- 
ready five fixtures behind some 
of their promotion rivals in the 
third division, they could least 
afford the postponement of their 
tie against Sheffield Wednesday 
until next Monday. Because of it 
they face four matches in eight 

Last night's postponed fifth- 
round replay between Millwall 
and Southampton at the Den 
and tomorrow’s between Brigh- 
ton and Peterborough at the 
Goldstone Ground were pul 
back - optimistically - by just 24 
hours. There will be a morning 
inspection at Millwall. 

KWtwaS v Southampton. To mu r-ow . Brtgfr- 

ton * Pmartxxwgn Untod. Monday- *wl> 

• - — vStefteBWednastey. 

Arsanel v Uaon Town. 
« Manchester United. 
Waltons v Bury. Tuesday, March 4s 
Tottenham Hotspur v Everton. 

The first division dubs are 
bolding out a carrot worth at 
least £ 10 million to persuade the 
rest of the Football League to 
support their plans for reform. 
That is how much could be lost 
in the event ofiailure to reach 
agreement is the long-running 
controversy by the end of the 

The League would struggle to 
tempi a new sponsor to put up 
£3 million for a three-year deal, 
and television would be reluc- 
tant to enter into a multi-million 
pound agreement while the 
threat of a breakaway still exists. 

Even though the top 22 clubs 
would claim SO per cent of such 
deals under their restructuring 
package, what would be left is 
still enough, they insist, to bring 
the rest of the 92 dubs into line. 

“The sooner this situation is 
resolved the better for all 
concerned," their spokesman, 
Phil Carter (the Everton chair- 
man). said. "Football will go on 
next season come what may. But 
sponsors must be anxious to 
know wfaai is going to happen, 
especially with respect to tele- 
vision, who themselves will 
warn to see this debate 

The first division dubs, 
putting on a united front, have 
spelt out the battle plan to get 
their own way. First at the 
extraordinary general meeting 
on March 4, they wifi vote down 
the proposals by the Manage- 
ment Committee which do not 
give them enough power. Then 
they will call their annual meet- 
ing, probably in April, to put 
forward their detailed 10-point 

If that is not acceptable to the 
rest of the League they will 
seriously consider a 
breakaway .The chairman of As- 
ton Villa, Doug Ellis, warned of 
the consequences and attempted 
to reassure the rest of the League 
that the elite dubs are not acting 
selfishly.**! feel we have shown 




Bonn (Renter) — Rudj Vtfller. 
the West German forward who 
has just undergone groin sur- 
gery, expressed serious doubts 
yesterday that he would recover 
in time to spearhead his 
country's attack in the World 
Cap finals fa Mexico in June. 

"My taking part in the World 
Cup is In great danger," VdUer 
told the West German sport 
news agency SID in an Interview 
in the Belgian town of Leaven 
where he had the operation. 

In a league match for Werder 
Bremen tot November, t oller 
suffered what doctors first 
thought was a torn muscle. But 
after several weeks the injury 
had failed to heal. 

• PARIS: France have named 
two new players in the side to 
play Northern Ireland at Pair 
des Princes next Wednesday. 
The manager, Henri Michel, 
who plans to take three goal- 
keepers to Mexico, picked 
Bruno Martini, of Auxerre. 

Joel Bats remains the number 
one gonlkeepiog choice with 
Sochaux's Albert Rust as cover, 
although he is not included 
because of injury. 

The other newcomer is Jean- 
Pierre Papin, Bruges's 21 -year- 
old centre forward 

great responsibility m our dis- 
cussions about the future of the 
game." he said. “It’s not a case 
of 22 dubs saying goodbye to 
the rest and leaving them to 
paddle their own canoe, even 
though we would grab 100 per 
cent of the income if we did. 

**Wc have tried to help them 
as much as possible and we 
sincerely hope that we can 
continue to resolve this problem 
in a democratic fashion. "But 
Carter warned that the first 
division resolve was hardening 
saying: “If things stay the same 
there is no way the major dubs 
wifi allow themselves to be 
dragged down lq obscurity. We 
will not let that happen." 

As the second division dubs 
seem certain to support the first 
division proposals, it could 
mean a bleak future for the 
associate members of the third 
and fourth divisions, who meet 
in London on Wednesday to 
plan their own campaign. 

Dooley is put 
in command 

Derek Dooley, who first came 
to prominence when he scored 
46 goals in 30 league games for 
Sheffield Wednesday in the 
1951-52 season and then trag- 
ically lost a leg less than a year 
Later, has returned to the lime- 
light with his appointment as 
managing director of Sheffield 

It was 33 years ago almost to 
the day when he played against 
Preston in a first division match 
and fractured a leg which had to 
be amputated 

He refused to become despon- 
dent and with Wednesday be- 
came youth coach, development 
fund organizer and team man- 
ager before moving across the 
city to become Sheffield 
United's commercial manner 
Later he became United's first 
paid director in 1983 and his 
Latest appointment at the age of 
57 means that he has filled 
almost every position in the 




Schools football 
by George Chesterton 

The schools' football pro- 
gramme has well nigh ground to 
a halt, though Brentwood ven- 
tured on to the field with King's 
Canterbury in L*- .tuitions of 
freezing rain and a biting wind 
and were rewarded with a i-1 

Shanks scored early for Brent- 
wood but King’s equalized just 
before half-time. Brentwood 
had most of the play m the 
second half with ihe wind in 
their backs. Wood put them 
ahead with a low drive from 40 
yards and Bhachia settled the 
issue with a diving header 
Wood should be taking the 
field again on Sunday when, 
weather permitting. Southern 
Public Schools play Sussex at 

(Kimtxjtton). R BuMr (Forest). P Wood 
(Brentwood), Q Forth iHempton). M 
Carpenter (GhunveV), M Lodstram 
(Fhghgsto). N Godtxtt (Hampton), N 
Bramiev (Kes WideyL C istenwood 
(WeMndDoroughL a campann (Victoria 
l C Barnes (EtonW 

Heyhoe Flint resigns after 25 years 

Rachael Heyhoe Flint, 
most famous woman 
yesterday ended her 
25-year association with the 
sport and reopened the verbal 
battle over links with Sooth 
Africa. __ ‘ _ 

Mrs Heyhoe Flint, who 
• played in 51 Teals and oae-day 
internationals, said sbe would 
i tot serve as public relations 
officer for the Wooten's Cricket 
Association and then accused 
her former colleagues of 

Her decision arises from the 
WCA's baa from this summer's 
internationals imposed on 12 
players who went oh a private 
tour to Sooth Africa m Decem- 
ber- Although Mrs Heyhoe Flint 
ms not part of the tour, she was 

in Soflth Africa at the same time 
to celebrate the 25 to amriversary 

of her first England appearance. 

She said yesterday. “I an not 
objecting to the baa, bat the way 
it has been dome. This latest tom* 
was the fifth of its kfad to Sooth 
Africa is the last 10 years. A 
ttamber of players who are in 
toft summer’s Test reckoning 
have been on previras tarns, bat 
they are not ba n ned. 

“The ndlng should either 
have applied to everyone who 
has ever toured South Africa or 
be a wanting for. the frame. But 
the way they have done It Is 
hypocritical and 1 cannot be a 
part of it" 

Mrs Heyhoe Hint, a former 
WCA c h a i rman, added: “Sev- 
eral officers were weD aware the 
torn was being planned, yet no 
warning was issued. X think the 
decision has a let to do with the 
tact tost the WCA wanted 

sponsorship for this summer's 
home series with India. They 
wanted to appease the Indians in 
cose there were- any objections 
over sporting folks with Sooth 

“Women’s cricket has been 
my life for 25 years and I'm sad 

Bat I feel someone had to make a 

Cathy Mowst, chairman tf 
the WCA, refitted Mis Heyhoe 
Flint’s charge of. hypocrisy. 
“The WCA did not know this 
tom was taking place. We but to 
pot oo 1 house m order and draw 
a line somewhere.** She con- 
firmed that the 12 banned 
players (“only one at whom was 
realistically a with a chance of 
Test selection this sammer") 
had be en gi v e n 21 days to appeal 
against the decision. 

7.30 lutes* aW«J 


Second tfiviskxt 

Sheffield Wdv Bradford 

Aberdeen v Rangers 
Celtic V Dundee 

MotnowaB v Hibernian 

Airdfieonians v HamBton 
Brechin City v AU©a AthleSfi 
Dumbarton v Ayr United 

Montrose v FaWtic 

Parra* v East Rfe 

Cowdenbeeih v Stranraer 
Meadowbank v S:/V 1 £& 
Quean of Si* v Si Jp-ra*"’* 


MrftecStMMnatrf ««£'■* • - 

’FATw 6 pHT: Th»d won* toeiXZAv’* * 


Sfeig SBWS Sg. 

Sion vwa HudteretoJ “ Wot 


Brwmwclt Hui v Lteaww (7-0* Noutag- 
(7-ffi- Second 

iStti Seun- 

hwn Forest v Newcastle 
OMtew Port Vate v BoBon 
those v Now County. 

Southampton fa Brantey re, . 2.0); 
MJfiwtf v ReesSng^Ot Gatort v Cryate, 

ThM iMnds'Wtet Hwn V AiwwaL 
matt Gfifter Row V HanweL 

Sac suno* FA v nan ta nfaifaFAfa 

SNOOKER: Dirfux British open 
tournament (at Derby Assembly 

championships (at Thomaby), 


- CUIB MATCHES; AtwnMtty v SOUh 
i Institute (7.0). cum Service v 
/ (w Chiewh*. eaifc Ftymouta 
i UiVvsrsrfy. Cauceltefl: The Army 
vlecmcnNAnrPf. . 

Safety hitch 

- . Northampton Town; of ihe 
fourth division, are feeing fur- 
ther problems with ground 
safety regulations. The focal fire 
authority says that the terrace 
■behind one goal at the County 
Ground is unsafe. Barriers need 
attention on the terrace, which 
is used., by visiting supporters, 
and a meeting tomorrow wffl 
decide whether any part of it can 
open for the League game 
against Orient next Tuesday. 


BOXING: British bgftf-middte- 
i*eiQM <Sharr»f<or»h?r. Prince 

'Shares meeting 

HOCKEY: Univerafttes Athletic . Middlesbrough are io hold an 
Union v Hockey Association . extraordinary shareholders' 
Bisham Abbey, 3^J;The Army meeting on Sunday, March ? io 
v Hawks (at Whitley Village, discuss a proposed issue ofbne 
2.15V ‘ ‘ 1 • . million shares. 


Race that puts 
emphasis on 
crew safety 

A new yacht race for amateur 
sailors was announced is Lon- 
don yesterday. The ruks do not 
allow any commercial sponsor- 
ship for the cruisers competing 
in the event, which starts in 
November from Gran Canaria, 
Canary Islands. 

Crews will sail to Bridgetown, 
Barbados, and entries will come 
mainly from yachtsmen making 
the winter cruise to the Ba- 

The race, organized by Yacht- 
ing World magazine, puts the 
emphasis on safety. 

home game against Warrington 
in the Silk Cut Challenge Cup 
second round, due to be tele- 
vised on Saturday, has been pul 
back to Sunday with a three 
o'clock kick-off. The cameras 
will cover a delayed first round 
tie between Bradford and Wake- 
field on the heated pitch at 
Headineley on Saturday- 

anonymous supporters of the 
late Formula one world cham- 
pion. Graham Hill, have put up 
the money for his son Damon to 
contest the £1 50.000-a-year 
British Formula Three 
championship from March. 


Stars ask for more work 

From Richard Evans, Boca Raton, Florida 


for the first time, the 
game's officials have underesti- 
mated the professionalism of 
those top players who are so 
often accused of being self- 
indulgent and overpaid. There 
are not many people in any walk 
of life who advocate working 
longer hours for the same pay. 
but that is what Ivan Lendl and 
Mats Wilander are suggesting. 

The two lop seeds here at the 
Lipton International Players 
Championships have both stat- 
ed publicly this week that they 
would like to see the format for 
this tournament changed to 
best-of-five-set matches from 
the first round in both singles 
and doubles. CurrenilyaU men's 
matches except the singles final 
are played as best-of-ihrce. 

"The idea seems to be to tum 
this event into a fifth Grand 
Slam championship to rank 
alongside Wimbledon and the 
other three" said Lendl “But it 
will never be considered that 
important by the players unless 
they use a besi-of-five-sei for- 
mat The Association of Tennis 
Professionals and the Pro Coun- 
cil thought that by keeping the 
matches shorter they would 
make it more attractive to the 
top players. But I can assure you 
precisely the opposite is true.’' 

The ATP. who are responsible 
for running this event in 
conjunction with ihe Women's 
Tennis Association (WTAV, did 
indeed think that the leading 
players would be more inclined 
to commit to a two-week event 
in an already-crowded calendar 
if their workload was kepi to a 
minimum. But. strangely for a 
body made up exclusively of 
current and former players, they 
underestimated their colleagues' 
pride of performance. Top play- 
ers know full well that upsets are 
more likely to occur over three 
sets because the lower-ranked 
players arc usually unable to 
sustain a hoi streak over the full 

"Yes. you could say best of 
five is beneficial to me in that 
respect." admitted Lendl can- 
didly. “Bui I am prepared to go 
out and work for it even if it 
means many more hours on 
court." No doubt tournament 
director Butch Buchbolz will be 
listening hard to these opinions, 
because everything he has tried 
io create here, starting with the 
128-player draw in both the 
mens’ and womens’ events and 
the rein trod uction of mixed 
doubles, has been planned with 
a view io attaining Grand Slam 

When Buchholz’s plans first 
became known, there was much 
talk of the Lipton event 
superceding the Australian 
Open, which for the past two 
decades had been very much Ihe 
poor relation amongst the 
world’s four leading champion- 
ships- However, the Australian 
LTA. with the active support of 
Philippe Chatrier. the president 
of the International Tennis 
Federation (ITR. have worked 
hard to attract better entries at 

Now. under the guidance of 
their far-thinking president 
Brian Tobin, plans have been 
finalized to build a new Na- 
tional Tennis Centre close to the 
Melbourne Cricket Ground and 
Tab in. who arrived here yes- 
terday. tells me that ground is 
about to be broken. The new site 
is expected io be ready to stage 
the Australian Open in 1988. 

None of that worries 
Buchbolz. who would be quite 
content to have his event des- 
ignated as a fifth Grand Slam. 
Mars SMGLE& Fourth rote* s Etewa 
(S»l W M Davis (US] 8-2. M; G RxgattFft 
W M Robertson (SAJ 6-4: J Nystrom 

fflwl « P Array* (Pom) tM. 6-4-. V Noah 
(Pn J amnenson (SwJ 6-1. 7-8: I Lend 
<Cri J A/ws (US) 6-1. T-fc .] Connors IUS) 
tor T Tutasna (Fn 6-1. 5-7. 7-8. 

WOMEN’S sbttSLES: Fowtlt round: T 
PTtep*(US) W D Batestrat (Aus) 7-6. 6-2 


Thorbum returns to worry Thorne 

By Sydney Frisian 

Cliff Thorbum. of Canada, becomes stronger and stronger 
who ts at the top of the earnings once he finds his rhythm, 
list for this season, makes his j: *' 

first appearance today in the 

JDulux British Open snooker 
championship after a short holi- 
day at his home in Toronto. He 
plays Mark Wijdman in the first 
match of the afternoon. 

Thorbum has so for won the 
Langs Scottish Masters tour- 
nament, the Goya Matchroom 
Trophy and retained the Benson 
and Hedges Masters title when 
he beat Jimmy White in the 
final tot month. He is in the top 
half of the draw and faces a 
possible semi-final with Willie 
Thome, who is thinking of 
nothing else but a prospective 
meeting with Steve Davis in the 
final Davis, himself, seems to 
have a fairly easy passage into 
the semi-finals. 

Thome, who is in sparkling 
form, will have a lot to do 
should he meet Thorbum in the 
semi-finals, for - the Canadian 

Canadian representation in 
this tournament is strong and 
yesterday afternoon the burly 
Werbeniuk was busy with his 
break-building against Joe John- 
son of Leeds. Werbeniuk had a 
break of 43 in the first frame. 68 
and 30 clearances in the third 
and 34 in the fourth to take a4-l 
lead. On the adjoining table 
Eddie Charlton, of Australia, led 
Paddy Browne, a Manchester- 
based Irishman, by three frames 
to one. 

Tony Knowles, after his 5-4 
defeai by Jim Wych. of Canada, 
on Monday night, was bock in 
hospital at Bo! ion yesterday 
undergoing treatment for a 
blood disorder which has caused 
him much discomfort. Despite 
Hrs handicap, he had roem a 
week practising hard for his 
match. He said: “I am dis- 
appointed that I lost because I 
thought 1 was playing weU.** 

Knowles made - bigger breaks. 

compiling them at a faster pace. 
His best was a 71 in the seventh 
frame but the Canadian had a 
stronger finish. He came back to 
level at 2-2 and again at 4-4. 
eventually winning the match 
on the biack ball with a clear- 
ance of 32. taking the last red, 
the brown and all the colours in 
a row. 

Wych, whose business 
commitments in Canada have 
kept him away from the british 
circuit in recent months, said 
that he was back to stay. 

Kirk Stevens, last year’s run- 
ner-up. settled an old score 
when he defeated Cliff Wilson 5* 
0 to set up a fifth round meeting 
with Thome. Wilson had beaten 
him in 1978 in Malta in the 
semi-finals of the World Ama- 
teur Championship in Malta. 

SCORES; Fourth round: K Stevens 
, bt C Wtecm 5-a Frame sewea. 90- 
35, 734. 70-25. 81-50. J Wycti 
I T Knoums 5-*. Frews soorw: 41- 
. 17-88. 76-16, 6*41. MWO. 0-1 13. 5- 
85. 67-2. 56-48. 


UNITED STATES: Naftnal AawxSattn 
(NBA): Dates M a ter cka 126. New Janey 
Nea 124: ctMOita Cav»w« Mi. York 
Kmcks 97; Inouna PWW 1M. CMrago Bolt 
110 Seattto Sipnrsonfcs 100. Alarm Hates 
*7: Detroit Pistons 117. Utan Jazz 96: 
MiMiMt Bucks hi. PnuoeWiia 76m 
106. Pnom* Sum 108. Boston Cetera iOi; 
Houston Rockets n 6, Gtotaw SOB WAmora 
110: W a smngmn Bums 96. lot Angeles 


DOHA lOATM* BgK-nstlon under-IB Itwr- 
mm* Uruguay t, Qetnr i; Morocco 1. Italy 


NORTH AMERICA: Material Leo0ua (NHU: 
Pttedaipna Fiyere 6 Wtnrupeg Jets *. LOT 
Angstoa Kmyp 3. Montreal Carawns 2 ItatBf 



QUESTS CLUB: LTA men's indoor 
t uuuiew enc Second round: J Wnun (Soul 
m D MaaMorp (SA|M. 8-i; C FBfc (S*fl) a L 

AUreo (Won ff-a. 6*£ C ewtisnom (SWI W R 
IMiienetetxm) *4L 6-2. 6-«. B ConiiBii (Can) 
M E FUey (USA| 7-5. 4-6, 7-5; 0 Sam (uSai 
mja A Caste (Sotw-Mt). So M Oottesen 
(Dent W C Kipoon (uSaj M, 63. J Loader 
W S BotneM 7-6 W-. R 

I (E»exi bt F Sauer (twcr-i ?■« 8-3 


RIO DE JANEIRO' Flying DoBcMnan 

. . Ovsen (WGI. £ J Tumor/p Aten 
{£38* X A EHte/T pmin (WOk *. A 
Utnae (WB* 5 M Sate^fl Gezsar nu 6. A 


PM urged to 
intervene in 
Bruno bout 

By Sriknnur Sen 
Boxing Correspondent 

Anti-apartheid proaps 
stepped up their campaign yes- 
terday to stop Genie Coe (zee 
boxing Frank Bruno in a final 
eliminator for the World Boxing 
Association heavyweight tide. 
They have sent a telegram to the 
Prime Minister asking her to 

The chairman of the Black 
British Conference against 
Apartheid in Sport, Paul 
Stephenson, has also written a 
letter to Coetzee, who is at 
present in London, asking him 
to show his opposition to apart- 
heid fay calBog off the boot. 

The letter says “Your pres- 
ence in this country constitutes a 
flagrant breach of the British 
Government's commitment to 
the Gleneagies Agreement, 
which dearly states the need to 
take effective action against all 
sporting competitions and con- 
tacts with Sooth African sports 
representatives and teams.” The 
letter goes on to say: ** Yon say 
yon are opposed to apartheid. 
We challenge yon to dem- 
onstrate this by calling Off yonr 
fight with Bruno and joining the 
growing international campaign 
for sanctions 'against yonr 

Mr Stephenson said that the 
three anti-apartheid groups 
spearheading the campaign 
would he seeking the support of 
Opposition party leaders. Neil 
Kinnock. David Steel and David 
Owen, and Commonwealth 
heads of stare. A protest rally for 
March 2 has also been or- 

Player awards 

Middlesex County Cricket 
Club have renewed their 
sponsorship agreement with 
Austin Reed, of Regtni Street. 
Pan of the agreement will be in 
the form of individual awards 
for player of the month and 
player of the season. 

Armstrong’s talks 

Ken Armstrong, the Bir- 
mingham City central defender, 
travelled to Walsall yesterday to 
discuss a £60.000 transfer. The 
Scol who joined Birmingham at 
the start of Iasi season in a 
£100.000 deni with Southamp- 
ton, was expected to give his 
decision late last nighL 

















































, ■ 

:S| ? i- ' ' ' ' 

- : ?'■■■•&. .... ,' :■*&■ ! ' 

.rv V*“ v r - Sll&i 

• •• 


Getting a grip on the new grand prix season: Ricardo Patrese testing the tyres on his Brabham in Rio 


Ireland’s blazer badge of unity 

For an Englishman attempting to 
understand the complexities of the 
Irish sectarian problems, never mind 
for a foreigner, sport in Ulster and the 
Republic provides a strange contrast 
It is almost totally united -and 

Just consider the array of stare: 
Sean Kelly and Stephen Roche in 
cycling, both of the Republic; Dennis 
Taylor (snooker) and Joey Dunlop 
(motor cycling), world champions 
from Ulster, Barry McGuigan. bridg- 
ing the terrorist borders with his 
United Nations flag; Garth 
McGimpsey, the British Open ama- 
teur golf champion; Pat Jennings and 
Norman Whiteside, in football; and 
in a the hies Eamonn Coghlan and the 
brilliant new young xrnler. Marcus 
O'Sullivan. Ireland, north and south, 
spends more on sport per head of the 
population than the United King- 

RUC man member of 
the Republic’s team 

Irish sport consistently makes non- 
sense of sectarian intransigence. Ken 
Stanford, a member of the Royal 
Ulster Constabulary, was a member 
of the shooting team in the Olympic 
Games in Moscow... for the Irish 
Republic. David Judge, a Dublin 
hockey stalwart for many years with 
120 Republican caps, played for 

Great Britain in the 1964 Olympics. 
The Irish Olympic Committee ac- 
cepts only those governing bodies 
which are 32-county based. 

So almost all Ulster competitors, 
and many Republicans, have the 
option of two Olympic committees, 
Irish or British, because all but a 
handful of sport such as soccer mid 
athletics, are all-Ireland, embracing 
the six counties. Catholic and Protes- 
tant scrum down side by side for the 
Triple Crown, or against each other 
for Ballymena and Cork. In Gaelic 
football, now into its second century, 
Antrim is as enthusiastic as Galway, 





By Chris Moore 

Britain's team, led by the 
World Cup combination bronze 
medal winner. Nick Phipps, are 
in the wars on the eve or the 
world championships at 
Konigscc. West Germany. 

Phipps took only his first 
practice run yesterday before 
returning to his sick bed suffer- 
ing alt the symptoms of flu. His 
brakeman. Alan Ceams. who 
missed last weekend’s World 
Cup four-man race in Lake 
Placid because of a neck injury, 
has fully recovered, but Britain s 
no. 2 driver. Tom Dc La Hunty. 
and his brakeman. Keith Power, 
ended up in hospital yesterday 
and are both out of the two-man 

De La Hunty. a PT instructor 
in the RAF. who is stationed in 
West Germany, overturned on 
his opening ran and had to be 
carried away on a stretcher with 
shoulder and rib injuries. He 
had already broken a bone in the 
same shoulder when he crashed 
in Lake Placid last week, and in 
addition to popping a nb carti- 
lage yesterday, also needed five 
stitches in a cut arm. 

Power, a member of Phipps’s 
four-man crew, was deputizing 
for Dc La Hunty’s regular 
brakeman. John Edwards, who I 
is also down with flu. Power 1 
broke two fingers in his left hand 
and. with his arm in plastn. will 
take no further part in the 

Wolfgang Hoppe and his 

brakeman. Dietmar 

Schauerhammer. have to be the 
men to beat after completing 
their collection of major medals 
with the European title in Igls. 
Hoppe is the reigning world 
champion, having won the 
crown in Cervinia last year, and 
also holds (he Olympic two-man 
and four-man titles /ham the 
I 984 Winter Games in Sarajevo. 

But there can be no repeat of 
the East Germans' first three 
places in Igls when Bernhard 
Lehmann took the European 
silver and Detlef Richter the 
bronze. Only (wo teams from 
each nation compete m the 
world event, so the bronze 
medal, at least, will be under 
contention this weekend. 

It is II years since any 
country other than East Ger- 
many and Switzerland won the 
world two-man gold medal. 
Erich Scharcr. Switzerland’s 
world champion in 197$. 1979 
and 1982. and winner of the 
Olvmpic title in I98D. has 
perhaps the biggest incentive to 
challenge Hoppe and company 
in Konigseo. If he sticks to his 
plans this will be his last major 
championship before he retires. 

even if the “troubles’’ have created 
some division between supporters 
since 1969. In 19,56 the Irish Olympic 
Committee had* a silver and three 
bronze medal winners in boxing, all 
from Ulster. Since 1964, the mazer 
badge has not carried the tricolour. 

When Barry McGuigan defended 
his featherweight title in Dublin on 
Saturday, the banner of co. Down 
supporters was raised in triumph. 
The irony of the British citizenship of 
McGuigan, the boy from Republican 
co. Monaghan - which was required 
for him to be registered as a 
professional with the British Boxing 
Board of Control - is that it was 
granted on account of his Ulsterman 
grandfather, James McGuigan, a 
Catholic who was arrested ami im- 
prisoned for three years by the 
dreaded Black and Tans. 

Sport in Ireland is tormented, but 
not deflected, by sectarian violence. 
In the fitness gymnasium in Lisburn 
run by Mary Peters, the 1972 
pentathlon gold medal winner, there 
sands a life-size sculpture in fibre 
glass of Mary in shot-putting pose. 
Twice, before casting, the plaster was 
difllren off the framework when 
explosions rocked the studio of the 
local sculptress. A protestant cousin 
ofMcGuigan’s wife was murdered by 
a terrorist bomb, and when die 
Catholic champion was married at a 
Protestant church, his bride’s bou- 
quet was placed on a dead girl's grave. 

“Sport won't bring peace”, admits 
Mary Peters, the inspirational figure 
after whom one of Ulster’s two 
synthetic running trades is named. 
“But everybody, whatever their alle- 
giance, supports our sports champi- 
ons, and sport helps lead to greater 
understanding. At school. Catholic 
never meets Protestant other than 
through sport or music or drama.” 

Mary is a driving figurehead in die 
annual Dale Farm Ulster Games, 
which with 16 sports has six more 
than the Commonwealth Games, for 
which this summer in June h forms 
an important preliminary. The Ulster 


Games has a budget of £75,000, a 
20,000 total audience, and provides 
one of the few opportunities for 
international sport for Irish competi- 
tors. The presence of overseas stare 
such as Ovett and Budd is invaluable 
incentive, although security scares 
have dissuaded some English com- 
petitors from attending, and last year 
Welsh and Scots swimmers stayed 
away through parental anxiety. 

“Of course, 1 too am anxious about 
security”, Mary says, “because I'm 
seen as responsible for encouraging 
people to come here. Yet I live here 
still because I love the people” - she 
was bom in England - “and because 
sport has brought lbe people together. 
The Ulster Games are the most 
exciting thing I've been involved in. 
It helps the Irish not to feel like 
second dass citizens. It's so expensive 
for us to cross the water.” 

Commonwealth Games 
is the ambition 

The proximity of Birmingham is 
one reason why Kevin O’Flanagan, 
Ireland's member of the International 
Olympic Committee, should vote for 
the British next October for the games 
of 1992. 

Mary’s dream is that before she 
retires Northern Ireland might be 
able to stage the Commonwealth 
Games. Thai must be doubtful with 
the security costs, and the . lack of 
hotels, a 50-metre swimming pool 
and a velodrome. Yet it is not a 
dream without hope. The Northern 
Ireland Sports Council, under the 
energetic leadership of George Glas- 
gow, is seeing the benefit of a peak 
m vestment in 1982-83, and with its 
annual Government grant of £1 
million now has 1 6 leisure centres. 

“The problems throughout the 
seventies did affect winter evening 
indoor sport, such as basketball, table 
tennis and judo" Glasgow says. “But 
in the last five years there's an 
acceptance of the situation as 

‘normaT, so the setback has been I 
greatly reduced.” 

The Republic's Sport Council, 
Cospoir, under the leadership of the 
former 1,500 metres gold medal 
winner, Ron Delaney, and chief 
executive, Barry O’HooUhan, has a 
budget of £1.6 million, and it.grants 
aid to 63 national governing bodies. 

Delaney is hopeful that the recently 
appointed new Sports Minister, Sean 
Barrett who sits in Cabinet and is a 
former Gaelic football player, will be 
able to implement a national lottery 
which was proposed in a Govern- 
ment White Paper and could generate 
£10 million for sport and the building 
of a major new Dublin sports centre. 

The Gaelic Athletic Association 
also cultivates the promotion of 
community activities in the cultural 
arena as well as its traditional football 
and hurting, in which it has 20.000 
clubs and more playing members 
than ever. Yet like soccer in the 
United Kingdom it finds itself under 
threat from the wider choice now 
available to young people, hence its 
branching out into a wider social 

Interest in soccer rises and fells in 
relation to die success of the two 
World Cup teams. Jack Charlton, it is 
hoped, will revive the Republic, while 
the north is riding a crest following 
their second successive qualification 
for the finals. The English at one time 
were reluctant to travel to Belfast, but 
the ice was broken when Jimmy Hill 
took over an invitation international 
team including Bobby Chariton. The 
Scots still, surprisingly, make a fuss 
about going. Another of the anoma- 
lies of Irish sport is to be found with' 
Derry City, who withdrew from the 
Irish League in the early days of the 
troubles to join the League Of Ireland 
(Republican), and enjoy crowds of 
10,000. Their board of directors has a 
prominent Protestant 

British men to show the 
world a united front 


Clash of the 
Finns and 

By Sydney Frisian 

the Britons of leaders 

The management committee 
of the Hockey Association, the 
controlling body for the game in 
England, have voted for the 
participation of a Great Britain 
rather than an England team in 
future World Cup competitions. 
At present the three constituent 
members of the Great Britain 
Hockey Board. England. Wales 
and Scotland, take pan sepa- 
rately in World Cup and Euro- 
pean Cup tournaments and once 
in four years play as one team in 
the Olympic Games. 

The new proposal is for the 
formation of a Great Britain 
Men's Hockey Association for 
the purpose of playing as one 
team in the World Cup. the 
Olympic Games, ihe Inter- 

continental Cup and the 
Champions' Trophy tour- 
nament. It will be put before the 
council of the Hockey Associ- 

The Hockey Association have 
given ihcir support io the 
appearance of the Great Britain 
team in ihe eighth Champions' 
Trophy tournament at Karachi 
from April 4 to 1 1 (his year and 
the ninth Champions' Trophy 
tournament at Amsterdam in 
June. 1987. 

• E\cicr. Ihe holders, quali- 
fied to meet Loughborough in 
the final of the Universities 
Athletic Union final after beat- 
ing Southampton on penalty 
strokes at Bishant Abbey yes- 
terday. The score at full time 
was 2-2. 

British and Finnish drivers 
are dae to meet In what promises 
to be one of the closest National 
Breakdown Rally contests «a 
recent times. Heading their 
countries’ challenge when the 
780-mile rally starts in Bradford 
on Friday evening will be the two 
top seeds, Hanna Mikkola and 
Russell Brookes. 

Brookes is the reigning Shell 
OR* RAC Open Rally champion 
and will be hoping bis Opel 
Manta gives him a sound start in 
tins first event of this year's 
championship;bot Mikkola, 
who has already won this rally 
three times, mast start as 
favourite in Us four-wheel drive 
h 500 bhp SI Aadi Qttattro. 

Perhaps the strongest British 
i challenge could come from the 
I Welshman, David LieweHia. 






By Pat Botcher 

Athletics Correspondent 

The onlv time that the rival 
factions in British athletics 
administration join forces is u> 
refute criticism that they are still 
so far apart. There has been a 
certain amount of amal- 
gamation of i he British Amateur 
Athletic Board and the Amateur 
Athletic Association, in order to 
administer the huge sums of 
money coming in to the sport. 

However, officials of both 
organizations adopted a strong 
defensive attack yesterday to- 
wards Mike Turner's criticism 
of fixture dashes, when the team 
was announced for the UK v 
Soviet Union match at Cosford 
next Tuesday. That match 
comes onlytwo days after the 
European 'indoor champion- 
ships in Madrid and it wall be a 
surprise if the ID. out of the 
leant of 20 for Madrid, who 
have also agreed to compete ip 
the match against the Soviet 
Union, will be fit to do so after 
an arduous weekend. 

Vet then: was little said 
yesterday that stood up to 
Turner's assessment, as team 
manager, that such a clash was 
the result of “crisis 
management”. Turner's broader 
criticism was in fact directed 
towards the continuing polarity 
of athletics administration in 
this country. 

As a former international 
athlete, a Cambridge lecturer, 
and a disinterested pony who 
was author of a report on how 
British athletics administration 
should be amalgamated. Turner 
isa more than welcome addition 
io that administration. In the 
wake of his report, he was 
appointed BAAB treasurer. Yet 
he now sees a similar report to 
the one that he prepared for the 
AAA being undertaken for the 
BAAB by Dr Bill Evans, the 
former chairman. 

The contention of Nigel Coo- 
per. the BAAB secretary, that 
Evans's investigation was 
"looking into specifics", docs 
not really stand up to Turner's 
inference that this is further 
lime-wasting. The money being 
wasted on such ventures could 
be belter spent on athletes such 
as Unford Christie, the national 
indoor 200 'metres champion. | 
who is to compete both in 
Madrid and Cosford. 

As Sebastian Coe pointed out 
recently, there is nrf way. with 
the money coming into the 
sport, that any British inter- 
national should be found want- 
ing for finance. Ycu in pursuit of 
his sporting goals. Christie has 
given up his job as a clerical 
officer and his only current 
income is from the dole. 

UK TEAM (v SovteJ union* Mane 90 
metres: C calender (Karmgay). H Kkig 
(BrscfcneB): 200m: L Christie (Thames 
Vttey Hamers). J Regis (Bejpmve); 
400m: M R obertso n (Wolves). B Whittle 
(Ayr): BOOm: R H errteo n (Uvergoon. T 
Monel (Wolves): 1600m: ■ Kbfc 
(BaUymena). MScraton (Sale* 3000m: 8 
Binns (Rngtey). B Dee (Luton* 00m 
hwtSes: S tMckeridge (Btrctilletd). C 
Jackson (Cardiff). Mgh hsiffic C Aktndar 
(BvcMekb. O Parsons (London AC* Pole 
vault A Aahorst (Safe). B Davey (States- 


David Miller 

Tabarly one 
mile short 

burgh Southern Harriers): Shoe B Cola 
(Thurrocfcl G S avo r y (8 ketches thL Ham- 
mer: M Gbvan (Wolves). O SmWi (Hull). 
(The hammer takes piece et AMereiey 
Sottum. Wotvert is m p t on ). 

Pcnh - The troubled Belgian 
Maxi racer. Cote D'Or. has 
recovered from whatever prob- 
lem it was that was slowing her 
down earlier this week (Barry 
Pickthall writes). Yesterday the 
82-foot yacht, skippered by Eric 
Tabarly. covered more ground 
than any other boat in .the 
Whitbread round the world race 
fleet. She sailed io within one 
mile of ihe boat which is now in 
from. Pierre Fchlmann's UBS 

Cote D'Or. which suffered 
structural damage on both pre- 
vious legs of the 27.000-mile 
race, averaged I f ‘ri knots to 
achieve her second place - one 
knot fasicr than Lion New 
Zealand, ihe previous leader, 
which has now dropped back to 
fifth place. 

Building bigger and better for Britain 

"In my not loo humble 
opinion." Lieot-Coloncl Frank 
Weldon said, "what yon have to 
do is not make a fence that a 
horse can't jump but make one 
that gets the rider thinking." 
Weldon, director and coarse 
designer of Badminton horse 
trials, the world's most famous 
three-day event, added :*'Or. to 
pat it another way. to frigbfra 
the wits ant of the riders without 
injuring a bone on the day." 

For 20 years be has done just 
(hat. Each year riders return in 
gloom from walking the coarse 
at Badminton declaring some 
new Weldon masterpiece to be 
unjnmpahle (last year it was the 
Fairbanks Bounce), it never is. 
but the intimidation policy al- 
ways works. Last year Karen 
Stives, the American Olympic 
team gold medal winner, com- 
peted in her first Badminton. 
Reports and hearsay had al- 
ready given her a healthy re- 
spect for (he event but after 
seeing the cross-cnnntry. she 
declared it “the most serums 
course - she had ever en- 
countered and proceeded to ride 
each fence as if waiting for it ro 
attack her. 

However. Ihe awe which Bad- 
minton has traditionally in- 
spired since its first running in 
1949 was wearing thin when 
Weldon took oier (he reins in 
1965 at the request of the 
present Duke of Beaufort (two 
: years later Wvhfon became 
| director as well as course de- 
signer). In the early 1960s 
British eventing was going 
through a lean period with no 
team victories and a failing 
standard at home. The course at 
Badminton became smaller each 
year to match the lower standard 
of competitors and there was a 
corresponding drop in atten- 

dance figures. Weldon set him- 
self two targets: to design a 
coarse that would give the 
British the best chance of win- 
ning abroad and to make it 
exciting for spectators. Both 
aims, he knew, depended on the 
strength of the cross-conn try. 

"When it came to designing 
the course, by far my most 
valnabie asset was lbe fact that I 
had seen so many courses 
abroad." Weldon explained. His 
experience had been gained 
through his roles as chef 
d'equipe. judge, technical dele- 
gate and. above afL rider. He 
was 40 when he rode in bis first 
three-day event — a visiting 
general to the King's Troop 
w here Weldon was commanding 
officer, suggested that be should 
have a crack at Badminton. At 
that time his sporting activities 
were directed entirely to racing 
and all that the word badminton 
conveyed was "a high net and a 
thing with feathers on that you 
hit with a racket. The fallowing 
year (1952) saw him and two 
subalterns at Badminton. It was 
not a propitious start. "The boys 
finished well bat 1 ended up iu 
Tctbury Cottage Hospital." 

Lock changed with the pur- 
chase of the magnificent 
kilbarry , bought initially to race 
but. after being bobdayrd. di- 
verted to eventing. The pair were 
members of four European 
Championship gold medal 
teams (1953-55 and 1957). In 
1954 they were numers-up at 
Badminton and in 1955 a year’s 
leave from the army enabled him 
to concentrate entirely on 
eventing. The pair were un- 
beaten (bat year. Then the final 
arcolade. With Bertie Hill 
(Countryman III) and Laurence 
Rook (Wild Venture), they won 
the Olympic team gold medal at 

Weldon: high standards 

Stockholm in 1956 and Weldon 
took (he individual bronze. 

While competing abroad 
Weldon was faced with increas- 
ingly stiller, better designed 
courses than those at home. This 
began to give him and the other 
British riders a disadvantage 
psychologically. H also gave 
Weldon a guiding principle 
when he came to design courses. 
“1 was determined that never 
again should competitors go 
abroad and suffer the Intense 
inferiority complex which 1 did." 

In bis first tear at Badminton 
he built bigger, more imposing 
obstacles and. thinking or the 
public, be pul groups of fences 
dose together. The Willis 
Brothers, of Marlborough, con- 
structed the fences (and stilt do). 
Alan Willis and Gilbert 
Tbnrnburv are the two builders. 

“I literally couldn't do without 
them." Weldon remarked. 

In planning the course, 
Weldon refused to be hidebound 
by ihe convention that it should 
be smaller tbe year after the 
Olympics and gradually get 
bigger over the next foot years. 
-You've got to gear the course to 
the standard of the competitor." 
Em with the sophisticated 
qualifications Badminton re- 
quires. this is not always easy. 
“You know the top but not the 
bottom standard. A horse that 
has qualified in an advanced 
one-day event in Norrhinnber- 
land is probably not as good as 
one that's qualified aL say. 

This year he admits grudg- 
ingly that with many of tbe best 
horses absent because of tbe 
world championships in May. 
tbe "general difficult) of The 
course is probably less." There 
are four new fences and several 
drastic variations to existing 
fences which have ■ kept (he 
builders busy since last Septem- 
ber. They have also moved large 
amounts of earth to create banks 
and other features. Weldon vis- 
its them several times a day. 
"It's not tike designing a 
showjumping course where tbe 
ground is fiat and yon can do it at 
borne over a glass of whisky and 
a piece of lined paper. With 
cross-country you're always got 
to think of lbe lie of the land." 

The weather is never for from 
his mind either. Only two events 
(1966 and 1975) have had to be 
cancelled in the Iasi 20 years but 
ibis is partly doe to the thorough 
preparation which goes on 

Tbe work and the carefnlly 
laid plans have paid off. The 
dwindling crowds of the early 
1960s have multiplied into the 


Contributions from 
breeders’ fund 
will exceed £lm 

By Michael Phillips 

Racing in Great Britain wfl] 
benefit to the extent of over £1 m 
this year from the British part of 
the European Breeders’ Fund, 
according to statistics just re- 
leased by Sam Sheppard, the 
secretary of tbe fond. This is 
well over three times as much as 
that contributed fo tbe sport by 
any oomnwztia) sponsor. 

During tbe 1986 Rat season, 
the British European Breeders’ 
Fund will contribute £519,150 
in prize money. Of that 
£386, 150 will go to the 214 EBF 
two-year-old races and the 
remainder to 65 selected weight- 
for-age races and 8 pattern or 
listed races. A further £207,862 
has been allocated to breeders’ 

prizes by the fund, which will 
also contribute £94,000 in 
owners* premiums. - 

With £100.000 in prize m oney 
already being given to National 
Hunt racing and breeders’ 
prizes, in addition to a substan- 
tial grant to veterinary research, 
the total provided by the British 
EBF will top the £!m mark. 

Racing in Ireland and France 

has also derived worthwhile 
benefits from the EBF since 
1984 while Italy and Germany 
have recently joined the scheme 
and will become full partici- 
pants in 1988. 

As a way of generating self- 
belp from within the industry, 
tbe scheme is hard to fau/L Each 
stallion owner or syndicate pays 
the average value of nomina- 
tions soldm a year into the fund 
and this qualifies all progeny of 
that stallion, conceived in the 
year in which the payment is 
made, of that stallion for the 
EBF races and other benefits as 
well as the Breeder’s Cup series 
in America. 

While it is fair to say that (he 
racing industries of the respec- 
tive countries should be in- 
debted to those stallion owners 
who have supported the EBF 
throughout it is also right to 
point out that that particular 
area of tbe market bad become 
awash with money as prices 
became more and more inflated 
and that it was the right source 
to tap. 

Nineteen Shillings to 
prove excellent value 

From oar Irish Racing Correspondent 

Few if any of the racecourse Gangahal has made the long 
executives in Ireland can match journey from co Limerick to co 
the enthusiasm of those con- Down to contest the novice 
nected with Downpatrick. For chase and if reproducing his 
years its future looked in doubt Limerick form at Christmas 
but now thing s are coming right when third to the smart 
and this afternoon’s programme Boyneside, he should have no 
has been entirely sponsored problems against such as 
with the Lambourn trainer, Markree Castle. 

David Murray-Smith, putting selections: zoo Safycnm 30 
cm a race named after last year’s aao wo^er ShiBngs. 

Irish Grand National winner 430 Ga " Babai ' 50 

Rhyme *n* Reason. Tbe Down- 

patrick connection stems from • Dawn Run will have a 
the feet the horse was bred maximum of 10 opponents, all 
dose to the course by Mrs novices, in the £8.000 Diners 
Jeremy Maxwell. Club Chase at Punchestown on 

The Rhyme *n' Reason flat 
race is fined to maiden four- 
year-olds, few of whom have yet 
raced. One exception is 
Monturo who was knocked over 
first time out at Leopardstown 
and then came on to Naas to 
finish fifth of 20 to Raise Your 
Hand. This was dearly a well- 
contested event and the runner- 
up. Belsir, made easy work of 
winning a similar sort of event 
at Leopardstown on Monday. - 

Top billing today goes to the 
Ulster Harp Lager National, a 
race remembered by some as 
providing the launching pad for 
one of Ain tree’s biggest post-war 
surprises, tbe 100-1 Grand Na- 
tional winner. Caughoo. 

It is unlikely that we will see a 
future Liverpool winner in ac- 
tion but Willie Rooney boasts a 
useful and still lightly- weigh led 
handicapper in Nketeai Shil- 
lings. The mount this afternoon 
goes to Willie’s daughter, Ann 
Ferris, who was previously 
successful in this event on 
Bentom Boy. 

Down to contest the novice 
chase and if reproducing his 
Limerick form at Christmas 
when third to the smart 
Boyneside, be should have no 
problems against such as 
Markree Castle. 

SELECTIONS: Z 30 Satycrum. 3.0 
Sweat Caiman. 330 uneaten shflngs. 
4.0 Fem tagalr. 4.30 Gngabal. 5.0 

• Dawn Run will have a 
maximum of 10 opponents, all 
novices, in the £8.000 Diners 
Club Chase at Punchestown on 

Irish keep the 
show moving 

Only the Irish meeting at 
Downpatrick keeps the raring 
flag flying today - both Catterick 
and Warwick were called off on 
Monday. Tomorrow also looks 
likely to be a blank day in 
Britain with Win canton an early 
casualty yesterday and the meet- 
ing at Folkestone dependent on a 
9am inspection today. A coarse 
spokesman yesterday rated the 
prospects as "not very good". 

The outlook for Friday looks 
equally bleak with the stewards 
inspecting Southwell at 2J0 
today (coarse frozen) and a noon 
inspection scheduled at 
Kempibn (little snow but track 

Ireland could again come to the 
rescue tomorrow when a meeting 
is planned for Thuries. 


Woman: 60 k P Omm f&rotfwn. H 
MM* (Canfft); 200m: C Smart (C&rtim), P 
Watt (Wolves I: 40ttor A PtogJord (Gates- 
head). C Whiteh u rs t (Strafed): BOOnr H 
Tfmrpe (Asntonf): 3000m: C Soaor (Ak»r- 
stwL Famham ana Dotnet), K Carter 
(Sale): 80m hurdlea: L Roper 
(HaJlamsrtre); HM* Jmnp: D Ttewtes 
(Leicester). C Summerfietd (Waves): 
Long jump: M Berkeley (Croydon >.G 
Regan (Cardiff): Sltoe M Augee (Cam- 
brtdpejL S Smith (Essen). 

Julie Rose 

Geoff Parsons, the British 
high jump record holder, and 
Steve Heard arc among a group 
of leading cast Kent athletes 
. supporting a plan to commemo- 
rate Julie Rose by the provision 
of a public running (rack in her 
home town of Ashford. 

Miss Rose, who was aged 21. 
died last November in. an air 
crash in Iowa. A British indoor 
international at (7 and three 
times English schools 1500 me- 
tres champion, she was on an 
athletics scholarship inspired 
partly by lack of facilities in cast 

250.600 who attended last year ! 
(170.000 on crosscountry day) 
and. although the event costs 
nearly half a million pounds to 
stage, last year's profits enabled 
£100.000 to be sent to the 1 
British Horse Society, tbe 
sport's national governing body. 

When the first horse sets off 
in April around tbe course, 
Weldon will be watching anx- 
iously on tbe closed circuit 
(derision. “It's nice to see tbe 
first one get borne." Ideally, be 
likes to see more than 60 per 
cent finish and admits that last 
5 ear there were too few finishers 

Weldon does not suffer fools 
gladly. He gives orders and 
expects them to be obeyed. Hb 
forthright approach and pierc- 
ing gaze have withered many a 
reporter at the annual Bad- 
minton press conference (he is 
himself a former equestrian 
correspondent of the Sunday 
Telegraphy, but his military ' 
bearing conceals a dry sense of 
homour. When describing bb 
ideal erent horse be saM: M !(*s 
the blood that counts." adding 
sotto race, “and in human beings 
too--. If he annually plumbs 
the depths of tbe riders' wits, be 
Is asking no more of them than 
he has asked of himself throng h- 
ont his life whether as race rider 
(he twice won the RA Gold Cnp 
at Sandown), event rider, jndge 
or course designer. His contribu- 
tion to British eventing may 
have to wail to be put in its true 
perspective. Lotus Clarke, when 
asked abort the sport’s fatal*, 
said: “You can't build bigger 
than Badminton • and. when 
Frank stops, that'll get smaller 
because no-one else will have the 
guts to do it." 

Jenny MacArthur 

Goto* good 

HURDLE (£690: 2m If 172yd)(17 runners) 

1 201 BALLYCRUMW Rock 6120 

2 FP DECOY JACK M Curmlngham 7120 - N Byrne 

a 000 HOMEPATHJHScoaS l20 P P Kinane (4) 

4 030 CAHJN CABMTEACH M Hounosn 01111 (bt) G KMtaattwr (41 

5 CLEVER CANDY J O Shea 6110 — K Birows (4) 

0 000 INDIAN PONY P Hertny 7 11 0 J Mcfleer 

7 024 JOLLY MARKER F J Lacy 6 11 0 M Davey (4) 

0 POO MOU-OAFA R Coonan 6110 S Doyle (4) 

9 000 MUSHROOM EXPRESS JFCMaxweD 7 11 8 

11 00 TARAWAY GAYLE J W Boyers 6118 SRelfly 

12 200 GLORY HUNTER J G G*oome6 11 3 P McCormack 

13 0 GREENOOO W Rock 8113 

14 044 LOMU'S PET NCassUy 6 11 3 - — P J Far™* (4) 

15 000 RBMQ FAIRS A Kali 7 11 3 R McGHnchey (2) 

16 002 SHULA VOGUE F Flood 7113 . — - K B Walsh (4) 

17 000 SWAPFASMONMrsBMcKeever6i13 ...... 

9-40aDycnm 3-1 SAUlavogue. 5-1 Joly Marmor. 6-1 Homepott). 6-1 Glory Hunter 

& Man Pony. UM Linda s Pet 14-1 others 

3.0 8EEC0M MAIDEN HURDLE (£414: 2m If 172ydX17) 

1 .010 CaSn£VBMONJFCMaxweM511 11 Mr P Verting (71 

2 1FP QUARRY MACHWE PMuhrema 5 11 11 Mr M W®f (7) 

3 000 WaSHOUArPGrtfflnSM 11 <H) PConnW 

4 000 DEER DANCERS Moron 5 11 6 Mr R S Mantn 

5 444 WCXEYMARLEY I R Ferguson 9 110 MrPF Graffiti (3) 

6 00 THE TILER G Stewart 511 B P Darke 

7 020 AVOIEXWE Rooney 5 113 PGdl 

6 COO HEATHERS DElJGHf o Fmnegan 9 11 3 N Byrne (3) 

9 0 RATmn*TO'NeU5113 T O'Neill (3) 

10 TENPENMY LUCK Mrs B McKeever 5113 GMcGlwntf) 

11 P43 SWEET CAMDEN W Rock 4 11 2 F Betry 

12 000 UN6 OF GOLD M Cunningham 411 0 K Morgan 

14 00 NEW Ml EXPRESS LTReaty 4 110 SReUyQl 

IB 000 AXXONTOBNEDOBMalone41011 TMcQvam 

16 OPO RISE AGAIN J G Grooms 41011 — Mr J G Grooms (7) 

17 000 STOP ON BLUE BV Kelly 4 1011 PLfiecft 

7-4 Street Camden. 4-1 Avotax. 5-1 Welsh Ouay. 6-1 Mtefcay Money. 8-1 

GaaO e tt n n o n . Quarry Maohfew. 10-1 Lohunda Lad, i2-i Axxon Tomedo, 16-1 others. 

CHASE (El .380: 3mK14) 

1 040 BRAES O TUU.rW Rock 11 120 B Sheridan 

2 202 PORTWK SEEKER JR CO* 11 11 B J Shorn 

3 1P0 RANDOM SELECT W Rock B 11 6 KB Walsh [7) 

4 2PQ DEAN HBX O Ftrmagsn 10 11 1 H Rogers 

5 420 AMBER WME I R Femuaan 9 10 9 PQKynes 

6 PF0 YOUNG BLOODS A KS710 9 G McGHnchey 

7 331 ANQROY W E Rooney 7 10 8 (1lt> ax) M Slesidr 

8 440 BRIAN'S BUCK M Cunningham 8 10 8 P Leech 

9 033 OIA CLOUD M McCaustsnd 10 10 8 J P Byrne 

10 DIP ALLENBO® R B Kidd 7 10 5 

11 03H CA HBtAG H LAD M HourtQan 6 10 S bl KFO'Brten 

12 t22 NMETEEN SHHJJNGS W E Rooney 7 10 3 PQV 

13 00 COPPER DON B SrteWa 9 9 10 

14 4R1 LADY MEARLANE T O' Nett 69 7 TONeO(3) 

3-1 Forum* SMfcer. 7-2 Androy. 5-1 Nineteen SMUngs. 6-1 Amber Wk», B-1 

Brtan'e Buck & Our Cloud. 10*1 Braes OTudy & Lady Martens. 14-1 otfiera 

4.0 FUEL SERVICES <N.I.)‘HUNTERS CHASE (£345: 3m) (8) 

1 1- CAPTAIN BATNAC J StMng 8 124 Mr 0 H O’Connor (3) 

2 FBttNEGAIR Mrs B HamWon 11 124 Mr F G Fltzamnoro (7) 

3 J22-<a£WABW Patton T0 124 Mr J R Patton W 

.4 13-F LE BAMBINO U Cunningham 9 12 4 Mr A J Martin 

5 P BUNKYBILLTDOaborrwI1 11 13 MrPLaridn® 

8 CAWTAGALE J Stirling 10 11 13 Mr P VeAng ft 

7 ORBtltLLOT Mctmagga 9 11 13 MrPF&aSnfe 

8 024- WOUTJCO A Murdoch 11 11 13 MrAMurdoAft 

166 Le Bambino, 3-1 Oentah, $-1 Captain Batnac, 7-1 woMKo, io-1 Qrtwrs 

(£1.600: 2m 2t) (11) 

1 M KICKS ENDS NT Chance 8 11 8 APmw* 

5 H ORut* P Mooney 7 11 6 P Mooney 

6 PAPADHM J R Cot 9118 jcES 

7 02B REGAL SANTA FOakee 611 8 CQ DwS 

8 000 ROCMOO W Newman 611 8 HRbSw 

9 01P SHE’S A MODEL P A McCartan 6 11 8 P 

10 000 STRONG SPOUT M McCauSiandQ 1 1 8 Jp£mo 

11 00 WNKY STARR A 0 Evans 8 11 8 - Mr A D Erens ft 

Markre&CasUe, 11-4 Gangabal&-1 Regal Santa. 6-1 She's A Model. 8-1 OrSta. 

10-1 Rocaido. 12-1 others. 

5.00 RHYME *N REASON 4YO FLAT RACE (£414: 2m 10(15) 

1 BUTTON YOUR UP JR Cm 11 9 Miss A McOmnt ft 

2 00 CASTLE UFEOMcNaMy 11 9 MrkliSNeSft 

4 0 EUROPAPEft 0 McBratney 11 9 Mr C A McSramey ft 

5 SO NQMTOfW MBS S Frai 11 9 - Mr A J Martin 

S ROYAL DAN F Data 11 9 Mr J A Berry ft 

7 00 SHABRA BOY P CBraOy H 9 Mr D H O'Connbf ® 

8 UPTON LAD M Hourlgan 119 Mr CP Manner 

ASMURABMatona 116 
0 O HERE WE B 30P 

■vr-r— Mr j p Dempsey ( 

11* MrPFeJaSn 

ndllB MrPBecimgl 

II 8 — — Mr E Lacy ( 

Mr □ P McNally | 

lie MrMWfcrl 


5-2 Upton Lad. 7-2 Montoro. M Royal Dan. 8-1 Aanam. 8-1 EquaWyS Carafe Life 
, 10-1 Button Your Lip. 14-1 others. * 

/; i. 

1 ™ 

lJ° SiS£> | 

i’vn S^n; 




e ^.C 

England must 

put troubles 

behind them 

.FrwnRkbanl Satin, Mnlhefrn, West Germany 

Nobody should be in any 
doubt that England have a 
new and stricter regime. No 
event underfines that more 
than the Thomas and Uber 
Cup European zone ram , 
paigns which start here today 
(Wed) without either Martin 
Dew or Nora Perry, two of the 
leading figures in the acquisi- 
tion of a bronze and silver 
medal last time. 

Despite their absences both 
England teams should com- 
fortably make the top dune 
who will qualify for the finale 
in Jakarta in April and May. 
More important will be toe 
feeling ami form of the 
who have two such famous 
names omitted because they 
refused to agree to travel with 
the others to Jakarta. A pro- 
found sense of togetherness is 
now essential if any hopes of 
further success are to be 

“There are no problems. 
The spirit is exceflent,** is the 
firm view of Jake Downey, the 
manager who has given th e 
impression during the four 
and a half months since he has 
taken over that he is prep are d 
to regard any of the players as 
dispensable to his long-term, 
plans if they do not fit in. The 
reality, however, will surety be 
more complex than he is 
saying here. 

“We have got to forget 
about the hassle and 
disagreements," Steve 
Baddeley, the England no. 1. 
says. Baddeley was one of 

Uber Cup practices. These 
two may wdJ now miss the 
firet three days of the cam- 
paign and at best they will 
travel separately to MuDteim 


This means the fitness off 
England’s two leading yjngi>s 
players may still be m doubt 
when it comes to the probable 
contests against Sweden and 
Denmark on Saturday and 
Sunday. Defeats here would 
not prevent England from 
qualifying but would effect 
settlings in Jakarta. Further- 
more, they would confirm the 
uncomfortable feeling that the 
balance of European power} 
has swung strongly away from 
England towards their arch- 
enemies, the Danes. 

Frankly it is hard to see 
England overcoming a Danish 
men’s team containing 
Morten Frost, possibly still 
the world’s best angles player. 
and also two fine doubles} 
players in Kjddsea and! 
Christiansen, the AH-Engkmdl 

finalists, and Fladberg and 
Heledie, the former work! 
champions. Young Chris 
Dobson is expected to replace! 

The women by contrast, 
have realistic chances of beat-J 
mg the Danes, although modi 
wul depend on Troke being fit 

to request Dew’s inclusion 
irrespective of whether be 
travelled with the team. “If we 
can do that OK it will help pull 
us together. I shall certainly be 
pulling hard.** 

Fortunately Baddeley, like 
most of the squad, is extreme- 
ly professional. Unfortunately 
both he and Helen Troke, die 
European champion, went 
down with infections at the 

weekend white playing at the M 

Poona ^tournament _ in . Bel- *."■ ! J A V-;CrJ 

Baddeley: determined 

gium. The rest of the squad 
were involved in Thomas and 


Students combine 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Francis dough, the new cap- 
tain of Cambridge University, 
wi U comb ined 

French students at Barh^next 

Tuesday evening. Clough, the 
England squad centre, will have 
five of his university colleagues 
with him, among them the two 
internationals, Sunnis and Bai- 

This is the first occasion that a 

side has been chosen covering, 
all the different areas of student 
rugby. Previously each tended 
to operate in a vacuum with 
Oxford and Cambridge in 
particular shunning contact 
with other’s student bodies; 
however, at last year’s annual 
meeting of foe Rugby Football 
Union, Budge Rogers was in- 
vited to co-ordinate the dif- 
ferent areas in an effiart to 
produce ■ one fully represented 

Rogers, the former chairman 
of the England selectors, chaired 
a student selection committee in 
which lan George, their new 
coach, represented Oxford: Pat 
Briggs, the former England Un- 
der-23 coach, represented Cam- 
bridge; while John Robins and 
Mike Titcomb looked after foe 
interests of colleges, poly- 
technics, the University Athletic 
Union mid London University. 

The upshot of their dis- 
cussions is a ride including sue. 
from Cambridge, one from tht- 
ford (1 point winners of foe 
university match last Decem- 
ber) two from Loughborough 
University, current holders of 
the UAU title, one from London 
University, three from poly- 
technics and two from outer 

There is considerable firet- 
dass experience throughout tin: 

side, in the foreequarters and all 

three rows of the pack where. 
Ward, the Nottingham dub 

prop, Edwards, the Rosdyn 

park lock and his club col le ague 
ManteL on the flank, join Stack, 
the Blackheaih no. & Stack has 
afro played for Cumb na m the 
county championship while an- 
other northerner, Ndson-WB- 
iiams, appears on the right wmg 
after making an impact for 

Durham this reason. 

“The side was -picked purely 
on merit, not. in an effort to 
balance foe different se ctors . 
Brian McLeflan. adnumstranve 
secretary to foe students, sma 
yesterday. The ttmimgmg rse 
of foe polytechnics is reflects 
by their representation though a 
isworth remembering foaiwh® 1 . 
England students played wales 
last season, foe two sides in- 

win challenge for places 
England’s Under-23 squad this 
season. The combined students 
train together over foe weekend 
of Mann 16lo 18 before playingl 
the Webb students on March 26| 
at Cambridge and foeir success- 
ful players may find a place in 
foe Uhder-23 team coached byl 
Des Seabrook, which playsf 
Spate at Twickenham on April 
9. The French after ptayira at] 
Bath are due to visit Wales for 
game on February 28 against 
Welsh students at Bridgend. 

•John Hall, the Bath and 
England flanker, had an opera- 
tion on Monday evening to pin 
foe bone in his tiuuub broken 
early in Saturday’s inte rn a ti on al 
at MurayfieUL His absence 
over foe next couple of months 
win be a blow not only to 
England bot to Bath, foe John 
Player Special cup holders, 
whose quarter-final against Lon- 1 
dm Welsh is due this Saturday.] 

Bath will therefore be pleased f 
that Spurrell, foeir former cap- 
tain, has recovered from rib 
injuries which prevented his 
appe ar anc e in the cup win over 
Moseley. He appeals against the 
Welsh in conjunction with 
gad Simpson while 
-another En gland con- 
tender - plays atfaose-iu: 

Sole, Bath’s Scottish prop 
who broke his nose against 
Moseley, win miss foe rest of the 





C. £10,000 P.A. 


for foe Barbarians 
Midlands on March 5. Both 
have also dro p ped Trick, foeir 
former England right wing, and 
replaced him with another inter- 
national, Swift 
Leicester have selected 
Underwood, . the injured En- 
gland left wing for foeir post- 
poned finmh-roand tie at 
Broughton Park. -Underwood 
withdrew from foe side that 
played against Scotland became 
of strained tendons and will 
have to play this Saturday to 
prove his fitness if he is to win 
consideration for foe En gla nd 
side to play Ireland at Twick- 
enham on Man* 1. 



_N H fTOd 



X v t 



The missing pictures 

The Scottish 

Waha. now have new pren tag 

bum which to 

game following the amyteb™ 
ofan additional ^ J” 

writes). Semi J’LrtLfK 


(trial display and are appealing 
ter a aeries of arisring team 
photographs from between 1872 
and 1913 and international 
pond photo gra phs depicting 
games at Hamfltaa Crescent, 
Glasgow and New Hampden 
Paris, Glasgow. .The only miss- 
ing secretary from forir display 
is A. R. Stewart (Edahargb 
Wanderers) who held, office m 

BID Hogg, tbe SRU. secretary, 
intends to «se foe new premises 
for l e fe re cs And roaches con- 
ferences ns wefLasior rwamifer 
umetidga and the well ntd- 

3i is an independent private sector company which 
provides permanent And long term capiul i© companies of 
all sizes. Wc have a rare opportunity for a Secretary to work 
lor two of our Directors at pleasant offices close to Waterloo 

The successful applicant is likely to be between 
24-35 and educated to *A* level standard, with sound 
secretarial qualifications and experience, including excellent 
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excellent communication skills. 

In addition to the salary, we offer a large range of 
benefits including free lunches, non-contributory pension 
scheme and concessionary mortgage 

Interested? Please contact Ann Goldie 
on 01-9287822 for an application form. 

Investors in Industry pic. 

91 Waterloo Road. London SE1.8XP. 

The creative use of money 

13 0 



We would be interested to hear from 
bilingual secretaries seeking new and 
challenging positions and in particular 
from candidates wtio would like to be corv- 
sfctered for the following vacancies: 

CITY (English/German) 

clEI 2,000 

A senior secretary is sought by the General Man- 
agar of this major European sank, fluency in Engtah 
and German is essential and a good knowledge of 
French would be a {fishnet advantage along vrth a 
mature and dedicated outlook. The usual banking 
benefits apply. 

Cffy (English/French) 

We have several positions of varying eenforfly with 
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- and word processing experience. Salaries vary 
acconfng to pesftion. 

Please contact Alison McGuigsi, Jonathan Wren 
International Ltd, (Bffimuat Secretarial DwWonj. 170 
Bkhopsgato, London ECTl I 4LX Tek (D1) 623 1266 

S e cr e ta ry 
West End 

Fluroi Orman, am tyMng 
— *U ■ |W « M UV» IHIH O—I ) AT 
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tuna lo not ro»o» d am tmmt 
ratomroor would be urefui. 

AW 1004 25. 



West End 

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miMif voa wM Ha a 

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aortal. 2S4-. 



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Tremendous chance for young secretary 
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ThrMnaOw Director M a 
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tuui wn. good French ann 
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phone Mary Matt* on 01 -609 


£10k + Perks 

DtrcvOxf PA for Chanran 
oa small MrtUtc in South Wml 
London. S h 120 . typ 60 + 


A Poly trtui CV Mt 

AM, MnMa SI, UadH Cl. 

July review 

A substantial inter- 
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training courses. Appli- 
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& Associates 
Recruitment Consultants 
DO Regent Sam. Loudon Wl 


Attractive drivers reeutrwl 
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non sn 


Required for partner lo Quv 
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IS Bdon Sti-Mt EC2 




£ 10,000 

yoa Wliwi you Jam IMS 
coavpany m a wound-floor 
DwiUoo (Madly learning 
au asaut car iranmortaUon 
and Ui uswwu . You wsi o- 
aaae wroi riwnp— n 
OBuMrttB so M you nave 
Frmcn or Omn (ha 
would be a pros. Develop 
your role over lie nm 
year U become roe Office 
Manager and be running 

Your canodenre and tnu ta- 
me wm be uUHM on a 
dedy beats, coed short- 
band and typing? CaU 


ESj fe a fr fi gats 



Conference Office 

1A» - 30frB7 

Circa £10,000 

for contract period 

An opportunity has arisen for an experienced 
secretary to join our busy conference office 
fora period of 15 months from 1st April 1986 
to 30th June 1987. 

(n addition to the usual secretarial duties, the 
successful applicant will on occasions be re- 
quired to act as a member of the Conference 
Support Team during international comm i ttee 

Candidates should be educated to ‘0’ Level 
standard to include English language togeth- 
er with secretarial training to RSA Stage III or 
equivalent Shorthand/typing 100/50 wpm, 
word processing skins on a Philips 5020, are 

A minimum of two years secretarial experi- 
ence is required. Due to the nature of the 
work of the department, occasional weekend 
working and extended hours will be required. 
Salary £10,000 for contract period, together 
with other fringe beneftts- 
tf you think you have the necessary qualifica- 
tions and experience and wish to join an 
enthusiastic and hard-working team, please 
send CV to: 

Personnel Department, 

1PPF. 18-20 Lower Regent Street, 

, London SW1Y 4PW. 

| IPPF it an equal opportunities 


Exciting c 

r Merchant 

Secretary -Merchant Bank 

£8,000, pha Banking BeneBts 

Young, enthusiastic pesos with enaUad skills (10QM) 
ssoagrt by dpraarcGty buftutkm. Wodmgfortwo 
maneges, this poatim will provide variety and the 
opportunity to play an integral pail within the Bank 

01-5884306 itangptB HaD, 153/157 Moabite, 

Recruitment Consultants 

£ 13,000 

World renound. this American Company operates ai the 
heart of ihc people market. Ifs activities range from 
private enterprise to interna viooal gtyvenunenls. 

Their managing director sets great store the profes- 
donalism of bis right hand whose secretarial pedigree 
should be impeccable. There will be enormous diem 
contact in the daily role which will extend to occasional 
entertaining - so social wherewithal] is an integral part of 
the job: so too are long boms and natural dedication. 
This is an exceptional job: offering exceptional 
' opportunities. 


01-629 9323 


to MD and Deputy MD 
Watford c£9900 

F ts h buCT is a market leader m printing mks. 
We're s u cce ssfu l, lively, highly professional - and a 
very fnendly company to work for. 

Our Managing Director and fos Deputy 
urgently need an exceptional secretary to took after 
an interesting variety of management and admin- 
istrative activities. You will also be responsible tor 
the preparation erf our executive payroll, and there- 
fore Deed a qood head for figures 

Those ower 25. educated to 'A‘ level or beyood. 
mgta well have the kind of director level experience 
sough! YouU have yonr own office equipped with 
Apnoot PC handling 'Soperwnler' WP You'll need 
HXV7Q wpm short handAyping. escepnonal adnun- 
strative skills, and a knowledge of German «salso 

We woik a 36Vt hour day week - eaaty 
finish on Fridays - and excellent large company 1 
benefits include 2S days hohday. 

Please write with details or career to dale to 
Mr C. Hockey, 'framing & Employee Relations 
Manager Fishbum Pruning Ink Company Larared. 
94 St Albans Road. Ufetford. Hens WD2 4BU. 


c£1 0,000 + bonus 

A major roiemniooal holding company needs an enibusaoie 
and commiwd ossisunt is ifinr early 20‘s to jwn the young 
personnel leant. Working closely wub ibe Renoond Manager. 
wf»« responubililies extend over 1300 Baff ap lo Assraam 
Director level <n 12 toeauoas. your varied duties will include 
personnel admrntsmioa imcrvievriog and secretarial back-up 
(speeds 100/Ml). You should be used to wprtoBg efliocmJy m a 
busy depart mnu tvhiln stiB icaiiuoR your sense of humour! 
Would wit someone wishing to consotiaaie their 2+ yean per- 
sonnel experience. Please ai!> 

588 3535 

Crone Corkil] 


18 Eldon Street EC2 


£8,000-hexce(lent benefits 

Our client needs a friendly secretary to assist 
iheir marketing manager. You will have 
constant ronlacl with sales representatives 
and work together with a super bunch of 
people. This company certainly looks after 
iheir staff They offer flexi-iime. a profit 
share and free lunches in their restaurant. 
They will also train on a word processor. 
90/50 Skills needed. 

£8,700 + bonus 

If you are interested in public affairs, then 
this position in the public finance depart- 
ment of an established merchant bank will 
really keep you "in touch**. There will be 
regular contact with leading government de- 
partments and financial institutions. 100/60 
Skills and excellent organisational abilities 
will enable you to deal efficiently with inter- 
esting correspondence and repons and keep 
the office running smoothly. 

Cty 01-240 3551 

EbobeUi Hunt Recruftment GonsuRonts 




For those of you who find it difficult to get away 
dunng the day. wc arc inviting you to attend out late 
evening tonight when wc will be open until 7.00pm. 
Wc look forward very much to idling you about our 
many jo vs which range from £6,000 to £12.000 in 
anything from films to finance. 

Please feel free to come in for an informal chat with 
our consultants who will have a variety of career 
ideas they can discuss with you. 

01-459 8070 





Recruitment Consultants 
£8,000.- £12,500. 

new* Lively banking post for needy Secretory with two 
or Uura years" experience, good rooken french, word pro 
erasing and reliable English shorthand. Superb refurUstied 
CUv offices. 

votnuguesc/mwHH Senior p. A., secretary with either, 
but above all wltn Perfect English and English Shorthand. 
WUI asm bank Director wUh varied responsibilities in 
international environment. 

i Independently minded PA /Secretary vrtlh flaw- 
lest German < German shorthand tool and really fluent 
English, lo help set uo and run small highly professional 
office in SW3. 

iwmkse am am. amrartmin nw oeemsuaung key 
board skills available. 

22 Charing Cross Road, London WC2H OUR 
01 336 3794/5 

r MEU 

l St.] 


krnesb swi J 

«ww »hi»>«awa ieo. ure 
!*• a1 "“» ***** Prk. S« dtntno no. 2 bednn raoaa. foQy at 
r- ** 1 — wo rt tor 1 yr MM C 7 BOpw. Co. la roq. 

TWO WIWBP RATS - Both otooldne Kudo Port, and ocwty 

a bora, a mow. Amy km ut/b tmi im. 
3 hedw a baths. friOy otMtf ka/bUM no. 

nourr ounii. umu ml 

isranw -mn ioeotiaa wun an rooms otooUns 
w ra w. (Mm m/JM W*nu 2 bedims. MO a 
— 1 (HBy acted ML tony (umWiarf and dscoroud 



Leslie & Goodwin Limited, a leading firm of 
Uoyd's Insurance Brokers, are currently look- 
ing for two experienced Senior Secretaries 
within the Marine and Underwriting 

Candidates should be aged 25+ with good 
secretarial skills including shorthand. Word 
processing will be an asseL You should be 
able to use your own initiative and have 
confidence and maturity to deal with clients 
and senior management. 

An excellent salary and benefit package will be 
offered. Write with full details to: 

liana Sniou/ia, Personnel Manager. 
Leslie <£ Gtrodwin Ud.. PO Box 2/9. 

6 Bra ham Street. London. El 

Leslk&Gockwi Ltd. i 


International firm or archiKcu m W2 need a PA io work for 
Iheir sentot London partner who travels exicnnvdy. This b a 
true Personal Assistant role with minimal sh/typmg (30/60 WPj. 
As well as looking after the partner you will be responsible for 
the trncrel administration of the London office <c.40 people! 
including personnel administration, basic bookkeeping, 
organising social functions and niensfcc diem liaison. Age 
30/35 Good educational background. Smart appearance: admin- 
isrraiion experience essential. Super offices. Salary c£ 1 0.000. 
Please cail> 

434 4512 

Crone Corkill 

Rtofuftnwnt Consultants 
99 Resent Street 

’pVjrnHG Trlt Theeafingv^ 


heaWnV '' v ' n9 ‘ 

, eu»n *3 r • 

erring fo9 ain ' 

& y 

. 5 "’ 






























i r 

i - 
























e : 

S enior Secretaries has always recognised chat a They W 
secretary's effectiveness depends on the ability enhance 
to help management to manage more efficiently. manage. 

The Consultants in our West End, Gey, In o 
Kroghobridge and Brussels office are trained to secretar 
identify the ideal applicant for each appointment, function 


from the moment, i 


need that a They wilt select die individual most likely to 
n the ability enhance the particular manager’s ability to 
efficiently. manage. 

End, Ocy, In order to realise their full potential a 
i trained to secretary, must understand how management 
ipointment- functions and be aware of the problems it faces. 

To this end Senior Secretaries are offering a 
■ piODA* one day seminar on Management Thinking 
M for Secretaries, the first of which will 

L T yexit to be held on the 19th March at the 
. re St. James' Court Hotel. 

Secrotsri®^ J It will be in the best inter- 

ests of management to release 
their key secretaries and PAs to attend. 

To reserve a place please contact Elizabeth 
Moan on 499 0092. 

Senior W 


G H T S B R 


Kensington £10,000 

A unique opportunity to act as 
Yight hand" to tfie Chatman and 
catalyst of ths highly successful 
and charismatic property de- 
vetapmert company What s 
needed is a true PA wtfi sound 
audio and typngsMte who is aUe 
to widen their own personal 
horizon aid take responsib l y 
for a great deal of the manage- 
ment and day to day 

Involvement with this empire . 
demands unflaggng energy and j 
commitment together with an 1 
estate agent or property back- 
ground. Age 25. 

Telephone 01-589 4422 ; 

Secretaries , 

To £14,000 

This is an unusuaf opportunity for a true PA with initiative and 
personality to help establish a London office for. a respected 
American firm of investment banters dealing in US. Treasury 
Securities m the international market Your role wH be in thefront line 
assisting the Managing Director to buBd a sound rapport _. TT 

with prestigious City cbents which wdl in HM 

turn cxsntribute to the succes of this new ^tTIKh W 

operation, based in ECZ. Age 25-35. o_ . 

Telephone 01-6061611 - ' OCCT^ATIGS 

Westminster £9,000 

A fantastic opportunity for a bright inteffigent and articulate 204- 
secretary to become involved beiund the scenes of government Tins 
position is with one of the most successful and WeO respected 
po&bcal lobbyists whose prestigious efient list gives access to the 
©eat names of commerce They desperately need 
someone with good shorthand and typing 
skats who wants total futiDment from their oCIHOT® 

SSw?S-589 4422. Secretaries 


We at Senior Secretaries 
bee 1986 as an extremely 
busy year if 1985 was any- 
thing to go &.Vlfe need 
secretaries experienced at 
director level with sksBs of 
100/60, profiriertf on a word 
proctor (IBM/Wang) and/ 
or electronic : typewriters* to 
mtentain the high standard 
that our temporal? seers-, 
.tanes have created Our 
rates will be high with even 
mare for advanced w.p. 


01-493 5907 or 01-499 0092 


black GOLD 


Office Manager/PA 

This recently esfatfshed <ri 
fcatfag fsre, subsidiary of a 

large menu crfiMoahon 
needs a PA to ran Ttev VBH 
L^Tfon effce fil’d assist the 
Chef Exeechre. *s he trawA 

aweived si air aspects of Bw 
tesfiptews*. fsgft return bus- 
ness, tt* wpate Ma av 

dude ordermg swtonwy, 
(asm wnfr New Tbrt office. 

base accounts as we* as 

normal secretanai foie. Age 
25-30. SW& 100^3- 


Do you want to run your own show? 

As an Alfred Marks Branch Office Manager you can. 

Bang an Alfred Marks manager can offer you 
considerable career opportunities. 

As you w2I be in charge of a branch office that is 
assessed as a separate profit centre, the effort dial you 
make will be both acknowledged and rewarded. 

You'll be responsible for dealing with both clients and 
job seekers as well as your stafL Hus means you'll need to 
have the kind of successful business background that will 
enable you to develop a r app ort with the many top 
company clients we aeal with. You'D need die kina of 
quick, alert mind that can make astute decisions in the field 
of the manageme nt of human resources. And you'll be 
leading a skilled team with enthusiasm and commitment 

may run the show, but well provide a comprehensive 
backup. You may have heard already of our extraordinary 
remunerative structure based upon a firsk-dass salary and 
exciting incentive sdteme. 

If you're aged between 25-40 and feel that you have 
die right qualities of leadership, ambition and commercial 
experience, we'd like to hear bom you. 

Call ua today; 

Victoria PhiUpot, Personnel Manager Adi* Boose, 

84/86 Regent Street London W1A1AL 01-437 7855 exl 245 


1 M 

Secretaire Bilingue 

Pourquoi travailler en ville? 

Quand vous pouvez travaiDer “fi la campagne 1 ’ A one denri-beuxe de 
Maryfebone. dans un environnement mod erne et spacieux. 

Notre Dfaecte ur du Marking cherche one Secretaire e xp e rim ents, 
enable de I’aider h organiser ses voyages et dans son emploi du 
temps souvent charge, et de faire la liaison avec le siege social 
francai s d'an groupe pharmaceutique intemationaL D vous faut done 
etre parfaitement bilingue. 

La steno n’est pas essentieOe, mais pour travaiDer A ce niveau, fl vous 
faut avoir [experience n6cessaire et I Initiative requise. 

Les avantages sodaux offerts par la sooet£ sont exceBents: plan de 
retzaiie gratuit, BUM pour toute la fanuDe. restaurant d'enbeprise 
gratuit, 21 jours de vacances, assurance accident et mabdie et fa 
possfodlti de travaiDer avec une bureautique des plus raodemes. 
Pdot plus de details, tdephonez a notre Respon sable du Personnel. 
Eizaberfi Bedford 0895 834343 ouenvoyezlui votreev- 
Roussd Laboratories Limited, Broadwater Park, Denham, Uxbridge, 
Middlesex UB95HP. 




Interested in advertising? Then you should be cu n si dert ig 
direct marketing —Immediate, exdting die fcoesE-gowtrig 
phenomenon In advertising today Our diene — a young 
dynamic agency — is expanding fast. As PA m MD you will 
enjoy the hectic pace of deadlines and presentations; Involve- 
ment wfefa die ctesign prooefis; the challenge of cfienr liaison 
and front-Uoeofhce management- You wSlcen ai niy be com- 
mitred, bright, intuitive and calm wider pressure. Probably 
you will have two years or more secretarial experience. 
Sells 90/50. Age 21+. Please telephone 01-493 5787. 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London W1 

(Reaidtment Consultants) 

Of Educated Taste 

£ 10,000 

This is a new position, helping ro promote the world’s greatest 
champagnes and wines within die UK. Wbrkfog dasely with 
your (particularly charming) bass, you will inUaHy take 
respo reM ky for setting up the office — orderitg etpJpment, 
setting up systems etc. Thereafter as PA/Seaeary yoa will 
look after day-co-day admin, handle correspondence, organise 
meeting etc In-house entertaining is an important aspect. 
Social confidence and a knowledge ofgood food and wine is this 
desirable. Some overseas travel Good skSk requested (90/50). 
Age 23-35. Please telephone 01-493 5787. 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London W1 

(Recruitment Consultants) 

Where do stockbrokers go to 
invest in secretaries? 


An equal opportunity employer 





c£ 10,000 

Tbe CXtairmati of a capital 
Managing Agency at 
Lloyds needs a PA /sec 
wild a degree or good 'A' 
levels and nrst class secre- 
tarial skflJa. mctudtng the 
ability to take .accurate 
minutes. You should be 
aged 22-30. numerate and 
literate and be looking for 
your second or third lob. If 
you would like to iotn a 
team of 18-20 people 
where there may be the 
chance to lake on execu- 
tive reman0btuty ta the 
future please ring;. 

588 3535 

Crrae Coddll 

18 Eldon Street 

a si 

Strictly Dynamic 

£ 10 , 000 +++ 

Major US bank seeks Sales Asssara/Trajnee Representa- 
tive. This is a career position in die demanding yet highly 
rewarding field of Investment and p o r t fol io management, 
offering the opportunity for eventual qtaJfficaoon as a 
licensed dealer in stocks and securities. Energy highly- 
devetoped social sidlb and strength of Intellect are essential. 
You wfll probably be Untanicyeduated. with some 
business/commerriai experience and a conunfonem to 
longsenn career goals. Keyboard skfib are required for 
own use. Forffatherderafls. please Betaphone01^493 5787. 
Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London W1 
v^ruiorienc Con sultants) 



'The Big Bang* means fast expansion plus a 
move for these City Stockbrokers and as PA to 
ihc Senior Partner you will initially be involved 
in siafT recruitment and personnel, as well as 
using your shorthand + WP skills 10 despatch 
the correspondence. Lots of lop level contact + 
organising .in-housc lunches. Age 24-30. 

City 377 8600 West Bid 4397001 j j 

Secretaries Plus 


So tf yoa Mi* fwrtiml 
•Mb. ibip a wane a* 
rtamn and 
waniio n*«t (or in* douai 




With the maturity to operate at the 
highest corporate level cSl L500p.a. 

Our client is a premier UK company which reports to the Europten 
headquarters of a large Ameritan osixiration, Which is eapanding at 
the rats of over per year. 

The graduate4evel Personnel Assistant ttey need wffl he aged - 
25-28 and will have the initiative, flexibility and mental toughness 
necessary to cope with this very demanding position. The varied 
responsibilities win include salary a dminis tration — wfth involvement 
in policy formulation, graduate recruitment, secretarial recruitment and 
welfare at throe location, plus administatlon of the medical scheme, 
car fleet and personnel records. 

Though the typing co mmi tment is smaB,the Asaaant will be 
expected to prepare confidential reports personally and. routinely, . 
handle corporate information. Most of the other work can be dele^ted- 
- R>r all these reasons, exceptional tact and dqriomacy are as vital 
as numeracy, total flexibility and the ability to handle constant pressure. 
Excellent communication skills will be necessary to cany out the duties 
of this post which will indude deputising for the Pttsonnel Manager 
within, and outside, the Compaq. 

Our client befieves that this postian^ would appeal to an 
experienced senior level secretary, male or female, whose background 
will have prepared them for assuming greater responsibility. 

A salary of cJEU,500 will be offered for this Londoi+area based 
post, phis benefits such as free medical care, free life ins u r an ce and 
contributory pension scheme. 

For immediate consideration, send your c. v. to: Confidential 
Reply Service, Ret ABP/9358, Austin Knight Advertising Limited, 

20 Soho Square, London W1A IDS. Applications wifl be forwarded to 
the client concerned. Therefore, companies in which you are not 
hderested should be - va- j m 

mentioned in a covering letter ' Zl I ]C| tfl 
to the Confidential Reply ^ 


Legal Assistant 

To support our Company 

With Hoover, at our famous Wfest London site, you 
could advance your career in an expansive theatre of 
business operations. 

We're looking for an enefgeficyoung man or woman 
capable of assisting our Company Soficilor 'across a 
broad range of legal matters. .. 

\bu must be able to handle customer complaint 
correspondence, and claims by insurance companies; 
conduct and settle Third Party Notice County Court 
actions; review standard forms of contract - highlighting 
areas likely to be of concern to Hoover - and draft or 
assist in drafting correspondence and contrads. There 
will also be opportunities to carry , out ad hoc legal 
research projects and you win be involved in monitoring 
tte work of outside lawyers acting for us. 

In addition to an appropriate qualification - ‘A' ievef 
Law ONC Business Studies or Assoqiateship of Legal 
Executives - you wiH need to be efficient in typing and 
general office admin. 

A competitive salary will be offered, 
™ ^ - together with an attractive benefits package 

P and. all the prospects associated with 
Hoover’s continuing leadership in the 
domestic appliance field 

If you'd like to know, more, contact 
Me I. G. McKetfar HQ & Reid Personnel 
Manager. Hoover pkx, Ferivale, Greenford, 
Middlesex UB6 8DX. Telephone 01-997 3311 
Ext 2719. • •• 

f -*v 1 

+• ■ L 

i,/ 1. 


to £13,000 

SdFuxxnatoir FkxiWG? Or^mit«C Sense of bocKXir? Yoa will 
and all thnr qualiiics aod man to lake on ibis involvmg aad 
Toned job id an inicmaiiqnaJ iracbaj company (London ofHcc 
25 pcopiej. Your mpontttiiliiict nctnde pe r so ww d and reenrit- 
OKm. office cquipmem. travel oiganuabon. general PA dnties 
aad basic bookkeeping actounu me computerised but previ ou s 
npenener ncufd be usefid. Skins 90/60. Age 25-35. Reate rinp- 

434 4512. 

Crone Corkill 

99 Reseat Street W1 ' 




Join this iniematiorad Mayfair based ship- 
ping and trading company and take charge 

i rm* ; \ i '.ja t « 'ii-ttt . a • j . 

hrm solver, a good sc cn na r y aod a first class. . 
administrator. An ‘A" level education. -90/50 
skills and good bookkeeping ability n ter fe d. . 

}ti THE CITY £10,506 

A major investment bank seeks a prefis- 
sional. wdl -groomed senior secretary to 
their company secretary. He is dyntunic,' 
charming and extremely pleasant to work 
for. Super smart offices and a generous 
mortgage subsidy. 100/60 Skilb needed. 



Join this top firm of Arrititecls 7 3s Office * 
Manager/PA to the senior partner. This is a ' 
very rewarding and varied position, duties 
include rccroiuncm and a operri si on of stafL 
masses of diem contact and a faff PA rote. 
You should be numenne whir 90/50 skills. 

Gry 0L24D 355t)Mest End9tSnQ353lf35B 

ra. I a. f l j ff. nn fl ni ,-„|ri,i, t ra Ilf,' 

BROKUiG £15,000 

This dynimic, ex ha ndy t aw sfa l company seek an 
oulsBntfing seerttaiy fa tom the earn in EC2. The otficas 
are lovely, the a tmopphene yoong (average age 34) aod 
togtty.pnriessiorai. YooT need first chss secretariti 
experience. Sfli essential. 9QfB5. Agt 1M4 . 

P.R. ; £9,000 

' facBeflentsecr0ariaIiobviorkrag(»goodaccoureswdha 
very repotiWe agency Yra win be working with 
presailatiwis. press releases anddtofing wflhioamafots. 
S0% secretarial aid fob of OQarasatg wflfan a good team 
df young people. Lo w ly office s . SfcfcflUGO. Age 19-25. 5 
weeks tatetay. 

For ttese and many attar yobs Um £7,QOQVl6.0QQ 

COMHEBCIAL SEC/Wt - £«j008+ 

Ao «enr ooston wts « On vane art apandog ftaj tmaog 
Corapany/comrwrcai «k TTw darng Pvsw saris an Bren- 
aned Legal ftatko Smsttmf tootaag for Mr nntaraeaL Won] 
pRnsmg npanence eswM tor X-(faang w> tn pm. CW Mm. 

faMfe l n CbmI Inndoo pacta are aw string m irietowrt 
Legal Seoatoy » asset a Saner Patter on a ribas. He sieeofaes 
mamma in aad now organ* mans the anatom tH a htfVy 
caioaara arm ^ aifaened Saaaay ws> a good legal backgroori. 
X tnkmg «ri to gm on the «ort pnxxssm. Cal Csanri. 

URGENT Wa haw a deouBtftof Legal SeoawiesBwrtclor 
TEMPS wrpraam|iiBCbaariawMgtautCBin(L«rian.&- 

oetort rates pta toHqr and Ba* Habsay m- 
L tags WP Sacs Stonhari nr tato. w io tefiO 
2. Lsgal XuKVStofOaad Secs, w ta £600 pb 

For iwn riormaoor ibari thus# aod otter ntoesOng {nsrims 
Phase cat Camel or Mem on 0T-2R 0781 

95 Aldwych, London, WC2B 4JB. 

Tel: 01-242 0785 (24 hr answer service). 

'Personnel g* 
Appointments w 

95 London WC28<-F- Tat 01 -242 07B5 



y ? jng ' succassW and ex- 
pwjttng Greeting Card company, are looking for a 
bright young person to nst the reception! 
tfyou i enjoy communirating with people, have a woo- 

W6 offer hard work. respansftHity. and a great deal 
S,pj5) ^ sahstaction, aod a salary ofat least 


%gi m 0 

u»*». m Thu AC'Ssaa 




rraifh howHw amito 
s»no .««T».a»ein K b — A 
A motor IMR1M huk 
mu Srrrpurln wflh «ouno 
MuraUav and t-mUeM aUlla 
■nun 90 HI. AQM S3 J6. 
you rauai dn— mr a vmo 
worn twwd and b* uard W 
taking murawa WP 

riditHand i-i hn i pna a iowocti 
at nan af a Iran ranU4 
BMum cu p e n e rao n lew 
rniponanl lhu< the atriby u 
cw n a tau mv tag 
tntira i mniL 

Can itmw Hrtrner 
an oieee 4soi 


■ - “ 'A-S&jCuMES irn+ 


l' ! i--;iln'=.Tr»» ' , i~i? 

£13,000 + MS 

Tile expanding London offlcc (ECZ) of IWs Eueopeon bank 
m«ds a pro f essional. ttard-worUng and -iwnridous 
PA. Sec tor me General Manager. Yoa wffl provMe Mm 
wtm luu supparr tn an aspects of Ms ftwtoCM Hie wivicj, 
will mchade attending i n e m t lnqa and batng In coaarant coo- 
tan wtm overseas omces. The ideal eantlklate aged 
2S+, with city experience. Enffish naotner tongoe and flu- 
ent Oennan. Speeds 90/60 and some WP experience 
necessary. Please ring:- 

588 3535 

Crone Corkill 

Hacm to nan lCB nartnn B 

18 Bdo» Stews! EC2 

£ 10,000 

Wc are rooking for aa entfca- 
saakScc/PAisbontoDd not 
escntiah utm.wVbcateeio 
cope with the ecnaal adnun 
and supervtK z iocs. Com* 
mm scare essential (60 ly 
phis wpj. 

Pleas* phone Saffy 
Owens «k ' . 
01-235 8427 


London 5W1X9EL 

Judy Farquhanon Limited 

4 7 New Bond Street. London, W1 Y 9 HA. 


MD meds top P Ay Administrator. 



TWP secretaries 

Taroponry segwanal apoant- 
JE® 1 B Cay American. 

rid Wa na imri 
03f8 ?- ro e rajuramsms are 

eweflent . sii .'franc sjuns 


•rang and Obwa. tf «u gte 
^eeiuiiH j shot! (Bin term a* 
agTEn enfs antti a m to a 
pen or tow tera 
asSHjrwierts. do 
•Heptane us. 

<30 1551/2653 



secretary fn w^^store. Working closeiy with two young 

textiles in the London ^ ^ eamv ^^'DneedtobeagD(xi organiser 

design comtmv^'SSw^JS r ^if ,dprrat the fon in their 0*4099(75 

seSS^S uS" 1 T* P 1 ^ absefl “- Good secretarial 

exniomoTB, and looking a fter sliow- skills ( 100/60) essential F lil/>C l C'^ 

OBXMutsfbrtt* tB-asyepreue “T” T ' 



Camden Town 

TV-am, Britain's independent breakfastteleviskxi station, 
has three vacancies tor secretaries. 

range of secretarial duties forth© General Manager and 
be responsible forth© day to day running of his office. 

This Is a senior secretarial appointmentand requires 
a seif-starter with a proven background at senior 
management level in a dynamic organisation. Excellent 
sharthand/typing speeds are required (120/60 wpm) and 
preference will be given to applicants age 27 plus. 

SECRETARY SALES DEPARTMENT: lo carryout general 
secretarial duties for the SalesContTOller and provide 
general typing assistance for his sales team. 

Experience in an advertising agency or sales 
department would be an advantage but candidates 
who have recently completed secretarial courses will 
be considered. Shorthand/typing speeds required are 
100/50 wpm 

secretarial duties forth© Headof Department and joumafefs 
responsible forourchildrens' programmes. 

-- - Applicants should have at least ^years' experience 
asa secretary wtihshoritKirta/typlng speeds of 100/50wpm. 


If you have the required experience andwould like 
to join us, please send a CV giving til] details, including 
education, experience and current salary, ta 

The Personnel Manager; TV-am limited. ' 

Breakfast Television Centre, 

Hawley Crescent, London NW1 BEE 

\Ne are an equed oppextunities employee Tv-am 

Managing Director’s Secretary 
£.£9,000 WI 

This is potentially on e wreathe pm&fm. Lady Man*fctaet)irecttr of rapidly expand- 
ing PR roomltaocy 165 people strong) is footing fora bright. energetic, professioaaly 
minded secretary with impeccable typing, shorthand, presentation and of g a n te rt ioaa l 

YoaH hare a pfoxsam but firm personality and be prepared to work long bait flexible 
hours. . Pirm> of opportunity tor high lewl mvolrameat and responsibility. 

For further details please telephone 
Shelley Lawson on 01-437 7733. 

(HO a C KMCWE S ) ‘ - 


These cMinivc secretarial positions are only lor the cream of the crop. Fast 
growing multinational company near (he airpan seek three high calibre secretar- 
ies to work within their international marketing headquarter*. 

You'tc made the grade as a professional secretary with excelfcm skill*. Now use 
vour maturity and experience to the full ip this challenging and rewarding 
position, working for demanding yet af&Ne and appreciative boss. 

An cnc&rtic capable organiser with the talent for hard work tinder pressure who 
can creative)* contribute in a busy public retaiioos and inarming sennas 
department. The ideal opening for a perfectioner with exccflem secretarial skills 
who can run things smoothly whilst the boss is away. 

A polished secretary with flair is required 10 support (his dynamic marketing 
manager and his small team. Good all round secretarial abihty and the will to 

succeed are all that is necessary. 
If \ou are otherwise superb but lack 

word processing skills. then training can be 

If >ou are otherwise superb but lack word processing skj 


For a confidential discussion calk 


10628) 72833 

InMMrwi i mft ww. 
cnee Cmm> 

Executive Pacilities (Maidenhead) Ltd. 

StL Ives House. Si. Ives Road, Maidenhead, 

Berks. SL6 IQS. Teh (0628] 

£ 11 -£ 12 , 000 + 


You are a 25+ top notch Pa with normal short- 
hand and Wp skills who will grab foe 
opportunity lo develop in this young, comput- 
ing environment in the Oiy. Your work Rw the 
part-time Chairman + MD involves organising 
the usual diary, travel meetings and appoint- 
ments plus a fair amount of personal work. 

City 377 8600 Wfest End 439 7001 

Secretaries Plus 

TheSe cr eta r ialCGnsuItants 

CHAIRMAN’S PA £13,000 + MTG 

The newly appointed C hairma n of a major Gty 
institution h looking for a first dass Sec/PA. 
The successful candidate ts fikety to have bad 
experience at Main Board level, preferably m 
the Gty. and is now looking for a more 
prestigious position. Speeds 12V60. Aged 
25-35. • 


Due to an increased volume of wort the 
Exhibitions Office of one of London’s major an 
msnuricms s looking for a Secretary for their 
Dtteaor. Speeds W50. Aged 19+ . 

35 Mm Place Wl. B1-48377S9 

New Opportunity 

Elf UK, the subsidiary of a major international oil 
company with offices in Knightsbridge, is seeking a 
French speaking secretary with word processing skills 
for a newly- created post in the Finance Department 
The ideal candidate will: 

— be interestecTin economics and computers 
— have an analytical mind 

— enjoy working as part of a team 

— have a minimum of one year's experience, 
fn return we offer a competitive salary package 

including lunch allowance, twice-yearty bonus and 
21 days holiday 
Please write, enclosing CV and 
daytime telephone number to: 

Mrs Tessa Blore, HH 

Personnel Assistant 1.0 


197 Knightsbridge, ^ 

London SW71RZ. 



c.£ 10,500 

Are you a responsible, hard working Secreiary/PA aged 
30-35 whh first class skills, 100/60 wpm? Able to 
communicate at all levels as well as organise a busy 
schedule for a demanding Managing Director of this 
exciting company? We offer BUPA scheme, free lunches 
and 5 weeks holiday. If you have all these qualities, plus a 
friendly and outgoing personality, please apply in writing 


Paul Smith 
Managing Director 
Complete Video Facilities Ltd 
3 Slingsby Place 
Long Acre 
London WC2E 9AB 



Wi» are a btoUina and Itimdiy Cny dm of rtunrmt arroun- 
imh Mitfira bimy audio pouiton to mi. You will b*atdumii 
IWo nrinr. with JO rvjuwlin, and tanra cWn PCrtMM. 

You uhuu Da 30+ . wall oroanwd and ask* lo wort on your 
own IMMMP 

, Phase phone 01-353 9581 etxn 213. 


With excellent skills required for Select ExeciK 
Ijxc Search Consullancy specialising in the 
adxenising. design and business world. . 
Salary up lo £15.000. . 

Please call Camilla ar Kendall Tarrant 

01-636 1633 

to £12^00 

Enir c WT nft irtoiqnpup . 
w iUi t aryum inw«. 
MWf*r. regwre VWwr 

HiKVtiUc candidate with 
, ba&rVm&wnd abic lo run 

■jikui on** and baadfe- 


PtwnrOl 499 5406 
tum iruiaa fmi-rf "T 

55 ' vl tXN3IW> 8UWH 
London wi 










ruM, ftw* SttlXTAW 
Hllll" <HSl liptnu. (MWKf 
situi iami. t”niniiH»im and 

srlf moflt.tlHM HOtkOhofW- 
hitdriHtn ruunuuwXfD 

& Mi ion Kan* too 

UW ASrPffMMMl tapdtdpll 1 
uaiKfuaun Ml jfcMMt. 


j j 




I ,a .«mUrad 

otsMiiaiv ; 

£10,000 package 

THE.., Company, wtu, 
strong London connec- 
tions. is. a- motor and 
mart, rmadod Intern*. 
tiOtuJ Seainifcc Hour. 

*KtslHy,PA ip a busy 
Main Board director, 
whom recponriMklMs. 
rtreteH own payrbH, w 

the., .person w m t» 
.aped 23-ta and rapobia 
of DrtonUsup to an often 
ctajUra^nc. SdMwwn 

rate, wp ap advantage 

wfUl ‘ OOOO secreUrfaJ 
SftUb 1 100 '60) required, 

•; 01-726 8491 

c£9.000 neg 

tUBW n u n d iradaiv im wiuirM W SfrrrenrOnfnl of m 
ImriMl tonal titiipnnq OrganMiHL In Ihc Cuv Good m uraUon 
and ivotmj whonnann tiuiib. nwiudtng WP mm lamtur with 
woi Alar isnwon TV Md mV lor > smauuy W 

lo i opr wiih imk irnwm and fn mu> a oread Irani, sew far 
irullalit^ Jivl oroawina oMUly. BiwfiD OMiiidr IvT. BLPA. 
imwi iKkrl loan and 90 SO day*" lutlKMy. Pfoam Mnnonr or 
wrilr vnm Cv ut: Hovwnan- P remwood Omni ooumti of Bru 
Kli Sttipmin 30 SB SI Mnrv AW London EC3A SET 
TrtthonF. 01^384-7939 

To £9^00 + benefit* 

Drt ikiwpiiw and rvim rind #ntgn mumd n hnnrrei solwilors n<vtr LnnpMI ilm# and Fpnmunrti Slim 
wuiioin WP irfnnmg grtf-ti Honrs 9 JO lo 5.30 Agr 29 35. 

Telephone Jan Fuller on 283 9033. 

mo renfamire aad now*, 
non twva. ns tea vw 

UKoitr nim awn and 
you win M (WtM M at 
him dw conrareooM a 
atmr oww rtw ky for a 
akHMf PA Who would nv 

Aw true rcaaoHMy. 


bMamMional rum of Mima i wH CPmtdtanta Wnt End re- 
uuuav pmiuriion <«raptur tvduni Cnwum rvpmmrr not 
fwrtW Tati arruratn typing too wpniL good na for layout 
ami birdimn orapiwv km lo Oa irmnfd ip romputcr afadun. 
I vt wum pn~ar<Miion and in rtv personality. imPi or \m nno- 
Mp on hrem. and inuU M wort OvrepfflP CurtHlPfll MciGHT. 
Plw wnd C.v. to- 

Hi J. Ourrm 
16 Connaouhl Plan* 

London W3 Set, 

c£ 10,000 

Business consuliancv in Ma>fair requires secre- 
wry Tor siraiegj- div ision. Good WP. keyboard 
skills and organising ability required for de-;, 
raanding job in an interesting environment. ' 

Pleas* Call. Satyr an 01-409 1635. 


The Chief Executive or art inlcmational Mer- 
chant Bank based in the City requires a senior 
secretary with impeccable secretarial skills and 
an apiiiudc for administration. The appoint- 
ment calls for the ability to meet and deal 
confidently with people at all levels, together 
with a high level of initiative and confidential- 
ly. Experience of word processors would be an 
advantage although training will be given. The 
successful candidate will have a flexible attitude 
towards working hours and should be at least 30 
years of age with several years experience at 
senior executive level. 

The remuneration package will be attractive and 
will include the normal banking fringe benefits. 
Applications, together with a full CV should be 
addressed, in the first instance to: 

Mrs Syhia Harvey, 

The Personnel Manager 
33-36 Gracechnrda Street, 

London EC3V OAX 

whown moke on effeenve contribution in 
developing our termonenr Accountancy 
Division. Our progressive expansion depends on 
our reputation for providing o flrer doss service. 
Quoiines of deiefrninQrion and professionalism 
wiUbe looked for in ihe successful applicant. In 
addition, appficormmus hove or leas 16 
momhs' consufranCY experience . In rerum, we 
offer o negotiable salary rogerfter with a 
generous commission scheme. 

Apply in writing (applications will be neared In 
strictest GonfkfeneeX 


TEL: 01-439 6171 ©-PKXADiUY 


GERMAN from £10,000 

Bi-linguaJ PA/S ec for professional office in WI. 
Help set-up and run this new office. Ability to 
communicate at all levels and self-motivation 
css. Excl prospects. 

FRENCH to £10,000 

im City bank seeks top sec with gd French for 
their G.M. He is responsible for all banking 
admin incl personnel. 25+ with gd expu Excl 

SPANISH £9000 

InL Property Consultants/Auctioneers need an 
organised bi-lingual Spanish PA/sec for Dir. 
Excl. Spanish + sec skills. 

1 1 wu mn In umi nm .crflWirr—) tmpAtt- tTiw 
8 p . ii l«Bl,| U«H 1417. 




Established day preparatory school for ISO girts in 
Kensington requires a Secretary/Bursar on retirement 
of present secretary in August. Candidates should be 
experienced in att secretarial duties and general 
accounting, including PAYE. The Secretary /Bursar writ 
also be responsible for domestic naff 

Pleasant working conditions and good holidays. 
Salary from £8.000 p.a. 

Pleasant working conditions and good holidays. 
Salary from £8.d0o pja. 

Please apply with C.V. to Mr. F. J. Smith, Gabbitas- 
Ttinng Services Ltd., 6-8 Sacfcvffle Street, London, 
WTX 28R. Tel: 01-734 0161 



PA Design is a lively, expanding design consul- 
tancy with UK studios in London and 
Cambridge. We are currently looking for a pre- 
sentable. enthusiastic and capable secretary to 
join our London studio (Holland Park). The 
successful applicant is likely to be aged 25+ with 
a minimum of 4 years working experience and 
sh/typing speeds of 100/60. Wp experience 
(Wang) an advantage but not essemtaL 

Salary negotiable - £8,000+ 

In the first instance please telephone Caroline 
Wilson, Personnel Manager, for further informa- 
tion on this position and for an application 
form. Tel: 01-221 2828 

(no agencies please) 


The Company is a P.LC. situated in SW1. 

Salary and conditions are excel lent and 
appropriate to the function. 

The position requires excellent secretarial skills 
and allows for considerable job involvement It 
is unlikely that anyone under the age of 25 will 
have the requisite breadth of experience. Please 
apply enclosing a comprehensive CV to: 

Mrs A. Mansfield 
P O Box 44 
9 Grosvenor Gardens 
London SW1W OBH 


Contract Furniture Manufacturer exporting 
throughout the world requires experienced secre- 
tary who can also administer foe licensing of 
Hillc Furniture in 30 countries. Dealing with 
royalties, copy rights, paients. tool movement 
and legal matters. Preference will be given to 
people with knowledge of French and German 
who can show commercial experience as well as 
secretarial skills. Detailed C^s urgently to: 

Richard Hunt, 

Hffle Ertonom btfematfeinl, 

38 Warran Street, 

London W1P 5P0. 

US$ 1,000 pm 

. Internal ional Croup vrifo interests m W«i Africa 
requim person fluent in English and Portuguese lo be 
Want) in Luanda. Bound and accomodation provided. 
Single status, renewable com ram of 9 months duration 
are olk-rcd. Please apply to; 

Matacmc Director 
PH Be nrultao Pt til 

42 Umwr Bariutoy Struct 
Lawton WIN 7PL 

►irectors Secre 


A small company environment offers 
^TXcamprchensrve involvement to foe versatile 
PA/jadt of all trades in return ior efficiency and 

The MD of tins highly successful. 15 strong City 
firm expects has assistant to demonstrate the same 
virtuosity in the office environment as be shows 
m his profession. You will be able to rum a deft 
hand to secretarial work ( lOOM) and have a 
knack with numbers in order to produce financial 
information. You will also have foe poise and 
initiative 10 handle a large amount of client contact. 
The successful applicant for this post will have an 
easy-going personality combined with the natural 
canny resourcefulness essentia] for foe small 
company workplace. Age 25*35. 

Tbe initial salary is £1 2.C00. 

MBNDS2J14 wtri^rawOwSf laST** 


& Associates Ltd 
DM3? 1564 

Recruitment Consultants 130 Regan Street, 
London WlR 5FE 

tZes. I know y° u *• 
back, Biss Deacon. 

I'd a till like to bang; 
onto - that excellent 

temporary ve got 



Beauty and elegance are a way of life at this 
internationally famous cusmetic and perfume 
house- The role of secretary to the Managing 
Director is a vital one. requiring a versatile 
confident personality. Also the Research & De- 
velopment arm of the organisation need a 
professional PA to assist the Vice President of 
European operations. First class sec/admin 
skills. Excellent benefits. 35+ 

Jane Graham Partnership 
17a Newman Street, Wl 
01-637 2.552 
(Bee Cons) 


Dviumir nniMiTC niqlnnTinq ronuilliiiirv irquir- a mdht 
-m rriarv wiin oUirr adnuuislralioii rxnr»K'nrr* Id nptu run tftnii 
UaminrTMiuih Olluf mta rootnnuiD all wrb or Uir ronipanv 
buunrvi Coed mrrurul iWP ryorTK-iirr .1 muu> and 
umannatMin skilK ar* iwniul . towilvn v.UhUwahu.ii imnin 
litre mui liw arruinn ol Ihis IM qrouinn Imrrnalional 

Thin m a unMHK< ODMM-fiuiiU lor a rarrpf mindrd llrMbk 1 . vsr 
mnlnaiod prrwn. U«KiiHr I0» rrMKnrunuih ana MrutOamra 10 
pnKidina an mrami Inn) of winrr 

Wi* oner a InmOli-. timlhk- workinv mi ironmnn wilh larml 
** ort . * runwjm e salary and nuun AmiUraiUs UMHUd SPnO 
C V •» and Hand vvnlicn (Hlcr io 

Tony 4 d.uns 
Hat ran Lid 
London Hoinn 
atii Kinq «rr*i 
Loudon Wo W-Z 


EC2 C £9,000 

Required nr assist in the running of a young 
City Company which' serves major banks and 
institutions throughout Europe with its 
advanced computer system for analysing 
financial markets. The successful candidate for 
this interesting and varied position will be 
over 21 with a good educational and secretarial 
background. Professionalism, ambition and 
initiative essential to grow with this position. 
Please send full CV BOX B7I 

SALARY TO £9,000 

An pxprrtenrM dll rounder K rrauimi 10 loin I fir ctiair- 
mam tram of a Jarpr international Holding Company 
based in Wl. 

ExrvJlent seeretartal skills coupled wild a pleasing per 
sonailiy. iniua'lvp and a sense of respanfltnllly are 
required for I ok larw and demanding role. 

Mks Susan Wilson 
Mirigsvorfn Moms Pic 
1ZA Golden Square 
London W1R 3 AS 

i No Agencies Please' 


Needs a sccretary/personal assistant, good and 
accurate typing and shorthand skills, excellent 
presentation, age 23-30 

Salary negotiable according to age and 

For further details please contact: 

Mary Hobart 01-235 3050 


ppqinrr* xnoc-J wrnart Horn April I 4 lh Good rdurdlion 
a- i.iphoiM- Horn prn>-Mir rkwririirr ai ni|Mf lirnirr HIH 1 
tone (M rmklren jnn (wniul Inlnr^liiH, Hlul i jnnd dull— ■ 

Houn B ati in a *6 8 Ur—Ls n.ud homliit and In* IibkIi 
Appro* s 7.500 DJ 

.IMMi- mill «' \ w. 

Tl* PtiiHiek* 

SlrtWUna !donrs twhoof 
U I ilnMnn Avniuf. 


s wv 

Tn 453 0041 

Legal A/S Sec £10.500 

loutailll* -u kim for .1 Hlioahnil brltall HI Inrur 

' omoai'i— ■ diMl mrpa .iiirais, Ichi of ilnMirniPfil Tha dpyoi 
lunm irmp lo n*fin 

Some Legal Exp. £8.500 

OnlV a routdr of nioiilhs I iImmIkm nil) r> (rtuHred lo hoi k to, 
flu* poiinn Aannl, inlniN'iic posilion Wifi li.un on WP 

29 Maddox Stnot, Wl. 

01-493 0045. 

STARTING £10,500-£ 12,500 

.Vmri B jn DH tnr u> dl» -r*h' hard •nvkiliu. fiMN'i miiidnt 
|n ol i-vsnukH Hilh lop •4.HV* jihI Hit ,rinlilv to iHiuni^ 
and rn.ut.iv- 4 wi>hi Iiii* lapulh urattiiMi mln imliorul lire 
mini ffc- \,I'II Ipnonun iiud well sjinfa-u ,ina luir 

Dooii -O Inifi in tiHd-h .iifci M,mn 

'.V b-iM- an ad'.ielaw- AirttlioW' lot ni.r 'OiiiIkiW upvlird- 
IlDttv irnpnrlanl kifcu.l—fcfc- of UcidMai ffc-lpfuf 

hfailinu sAm "ill *p™>l rm wimui and aMilarfliMn 
Horn- lot MipMtof pmioriiwtirr 

'VofUV JH H lilnm In 

B. Fidler. i 

32 CfHMTtngtwi StreeL 9 
London NW1. 






































P « 







































; c.£ 

f ".000 

Ate >i»u a jouna jnd cn- 

er(:i tie PA tor 


The MP i*f ill highl, 
and expand- 
ing aduTiismc agency 
mvvi* jij jv.iManl with | 
HKidl grace lo handle 
Mil Mercurial and of- 
fice manage men i 
rcspunsi hill lies. 

Tael, dipliimjci and a 
llcxihU; aiiuudc aa' es- 
H'nlul heeause team 
spmi is ihc k«.-> in mjc- 
evsv Pa** unis 

advertising experience a 

Age 25-541. Speeds'. 
$Uh5 and audio. 

West End 
62° ^686 


c £14.000 

A Cn* twin! cnircprr- 
iwur ntih d Mvrrldr> 
la help him launch lux 
new financial irnlurc 
You will rtved Jrv-ng Ad 
mmblralivc al.Uis la set 
up and run Hie oiftcc. 
sound lecrciarhil si ills 
«W oOi. a lively mler 
rsi in I he financial 
nwrt.rU. and . . a spinl 
of j live mure 
This U an cxc-iling 
oppolumiy to r a go-gel- 
ter in I heir Laic 30‘s, 
who warns 10 develop 
Uictr full DOIentlal al a 
spanking pace 


•726 3492 


Trading World 
£10.500 per 
annum plus 
superb bonus 

This is an exciting m!e lor 
a mid-twenties Bilingual 
Secretary, assisting a dy- 
namic Commodity Trader 
where pressure and rfeci- I 
sion-making ore-ed I 
success. I! you tee fluent I 
English and French and j 
shonnand and typing skills ![j 
in Ootn languages ;o a 
good level, this pesmon 
orisrs you the chance not 
to stand still and tc oeneirt 
from a one-cn one refa- 
tronship. Fast-eioandmg 
team environment m pres- 
tige WC2 otlices 

Please contact 
Rosalie Freskeh 

£S01-491 1868^1 






Tnr Pn-omi cl a rrenrn in 
wr-inn- qrnuti in live Cn. ik 
wx-king vjmrnn. wilh F li-lwh 
.rnd Enulisn .hoflruinrt nwn 
langur xijnearu French 
and al least 5 -.far - -enior 
level i-iK-wni >■ 

cf 10.000. 

Secretary- Denham 

Vow I' need I-) Hr 25 or over, 
well iilorjird jrluuUI. and 
(OiilUXt'l kiln llurni Crnilnn 
ana mother longue -.uinaard 
i rnivn la won. lor a iru-ndlv ramwni Shertnand 
.-v-nlul. OOO n.-a 
win* nan veiny rnin.-. 


I Keg I 

A grnwiw rareer -ipporlu M 

nil* intjil* >ou »hn >ou bj 

M'lll ini* roDllll* FWUIHIIIKI u 

inirrnaiicndl Bmonnrl Jg 
comulunr i- Die lo infer 
tul promotion- we arc 
lorn i no lor anomcr niqhiv 
moiiv aim ron«icniwu> 
person la Help la control 

and rcrruil a growing Iran* 

o4 lap caUarr wrmjrul 

and clerical lemporane*. 

and Italic- will* ring, l* A 

I lair lor dc.ilmq peo- 

ple anil Ihe ID 
Dicralr plliricnllv under 
prruurr aro i-Hi-nllal 
Xoull nc rewarded by the 
rtvillrnqe. rr-xponxibflily 
■inn opiinf-fiiniiv lor per- 
wrul nrowm -rfi-iwir 
aunn v i-xpen**nei- nol e* 
■aiiiial .« lull iraininq will 
be given 

Pn-icnwl aoe .?&-* Pleaw- 

229 9244 (office) or 
769-1684 (home) 







Plus bonuses 

1 “ 

Thg wry frwndly Deopto ai 


lh« prole^sfonal torn with 

T ■ 

subero orhees n wn cre- 


ate a pleasant atmosphere 

m whicn 10 wort,. Wrtn an- 

2 1 

other recepnortfsi you win 

look alter Monardi switch- 


hoard. 00 a rime telex and 


gieel visitors. 

of Bond St. . 

RrfC'wi'm-*-.- C ■J.-1',I,II0-V I a* 

v No 55 iVi, 45B it fpMic*S J>£Z. 

£10-£ 12,000 

HHo iW<« nod, lomd 
Co n e>0 wnadj ba .iVr 
eenvx -ruuiw mi aneA 
qmi inulanef l 

to.-- 'vcnxi lx lepw.-PX m 
MD nr imnrUtt mji lacti 
Cime. Ojuo womq aan 
Km r^ms & nnad PQurtC 
Fi'J lupina 555MUI 



p A 

Required E;. 

Uioui- o| ... 

l .lD 


inm this htehlv prcRquous 

prnpori* .Tm ran) wiih a 

li*v*l. nimiepfiiTc. k* vniur 
w. r.-ijr* U> |!v lap man yiu 
-.ill he toialK m.oli.U m 
runmnf ihc uffiec. dralmf! 
kiih [k-ivmI callm and 
hi-fputp i he voung po-ahead 
nepcniaims ieam. Oix-d -kills 

|I*V>#. extvlk-nl spcakinf 
*.uii- and rrocnlalion. "A" 
le-cl.. rut I kpr 25-J5 Htase 

437 4187/89 

£8.1)00 Plus free 
Season Ticket 

A Bank «»i||i beaulirul Lod 
dori lUI.ri-. r*eed-< a lnul rui« 
ewnrmnl ret etriioniii mil* 
ff'.im and pome la qreel « i-j 
W r- Xou Hill aho took alter 
Mardruoin twaiirn, HV 
iMua lane he, flf 

of Bond St . 

Recniip**e*>! CgniAMl q 

SU ii. t-w aw ii fninU 


cE1 1,000 

A no** post lion hos oris- 
on lor a Kwrutimeni 

Mllir.LT 111 deal wiih ail 

1* *d» from scai-unul io 
v.-nior nwiugomoni in a 
largo cduoauonai 

irrgjni'jiion. A ioi must 
ha*c 2-5 >ojrx recruit- 
mom oxpxTh-nvc and he 
billing, outgoing and 
toon i» li-arn. Age: early 
10 mid ?»l's. Fleaxe ring:- 

434 4512 

Crone Corkill 

ReouUMfii ConMdUnu 



Da *<3u li ki' lh# id** of 
young oviwmr *nd 
wmiirrn o\er itu? up .n- 

nwprwr? Then iha 

»3«nn onrulAlrd rompiny 
imib jour ouiqoin) nun 
nrr down in p*inh 

jpprpdfH DfCOUST ytw Will 
br liar-i i >c Mlv wNh inn* 
r.ilit p Brilish 
Tli n » * pfogfcrJix i* pom 
p.«m a* iih pnMr*Nv\ # 
KKA U 1^ M^lkll lh*l 
>ou tune dock krmng fo 
Inal tulditft. v«H lh#v urm 
train on ortif pnKvwng 
For ihis fanuslir oboonu 
cu(k fJll 


^eggg^- / a?afe 



!£ -■'ESjONNEL 




A small Mayia>r based 
property investment 
company seeks a so- 
cial secretary to their 
Cireciors Help set-up 
and attend meetings, 
cocktail parties and all 
promotional events. 
90/50 skids needed. 

- <B-240aS51 
.‘.-r C--0I-MO3SJ1/3511 § 

3zobethH_nt i 

lUoiOmor* umM J& 

UP TO £11.0001 

A wnall and rnendly an 
<jall<T> wcidironq in Old 
Masii-n is ncediiui a true 
PA Io roplaco innr present 
w who n leaving afier 5 
» ears lo Marl a famih 
X'ou win ly reponsrble for 
i he admimslrailon of me 
offKr. invoicing slock 
control. Ira* el arrange 
menls and basic bool 
keening Knowledge of ihe 
arts K prefered Skills 
100 60. Age .2S-95. 

iW | 

[Sk^neS | 

^BZBai u Cjri^anU BSlSF 

I;' Von Mill v*ilh rlmnl 

V 'fill* hr.' tneiHim d«sld 
li lilifs. v^Una up 

• g pr^vni.iltons r d ordinal 
"■ i o«i tvtv-(wn drwonrrs and 
gj flipms I nliou. mrrXk]h on 
^ ifv- rp-nroinr*i'yn « 4 pjm 
.V: r*non and umiwj dmh \ our 

scPrrf.irial •viuiiiA.iiinrui 
■< iaiik an Ihh P\nvin« 
■if. i a m ironmrnl 

Call non 


* on 01-831 0666 



rL?>3i\.N£i ™ 


i'i £1 0,000 r-Senefits $ 

2j!| Go in al Ihe lop »i»-n you » 

il jva.1 me mu o, im jf 

j; m-iiqieu* Mt-rrlunl Ban* ."i. 
g [no* o j Din.. 1 Klire, arwi fi- 
v/ me iji.-.i equtpmenl. .mol ><- 
{.< irai him vim nr- dn erv J; 
jx ri-Miwniliiie. Pteiw <? 
•v viuniuu --nmnii -up- :>;> 
*< l-ijri umim me *»anq V»P k 
hnuniie annual resorts. _ { v 
i'! a--i-4 vim MVenH 
5 lureiiom. ri-ulmq lo wmw -<;■ 
apoomimenL- and ensure £ 
J* jn all cm-oms.rAii*q- -up. » 
pori -,-ryirr Xoar Hevible 
ii aporaarh and alHliiy lo 
deal al all lc*.-H is '? 
ii< oaramc-unl j.',' 

f? Phone XO 

if 01-623 1226 
|| 7fer^Si&-r &) ofe ^ 




Wp don't advertise ex cry- 
thing on our books and it 
may be we have lust liw 
opcing you're looking for 
Why nol come and hear all 
about the exciting -. acan- 
rles we have for college 
leavers and young 
secs PAs In TV. Property. 
DesKm. Advertising and 
Morkelmg plus much 
more In return you should 
lx 1 presentable, cheerful 
and reliable, have good ail 
round skills and be aged 
18-25. Please call.. 



If sou love the t-arid or 
fa-nxm Ihen read an The 
OODoriunay nu> arisen lo 
■oin Ibe Direelor u» Ihc ev 
cuir-o run, pans druiina in 
evnlK (anno from Ihe Far 
E.W X ou uiU be a Irur as- 
’hUnl teaming about 
avpiTi- nf me fashion it aoe 
imludmq -rllinq Hirer I lo 
live eusleenrrs and even ac 
ronuunnna ner an 
Curueean Inpi lo Ihe mler 
nominal lairs 
Vdur -honhand 
and iseinq *»ul al-o be re- 
auired as well n some 
round work vxpcnence 

on 734-0911 




£10,000 plus 

Jen Ihn dynamic media 
anenev as a irur 
PA XdMnMTMar aiinq 
as the ngm hand lo the per 
sonable MD. X‘ou will, 
deteoaae lo and supers or 
junior stall Arranoe mall 
shew and use vtnrr imiu- 
live and enihunasm 10 
dev el 00 llus key posabon. 
Vou will be limned on a 
new computer and berpme 
Enmidur involved m ev- 
ery aspict of Ibis company 

H you have shorUvand and 
t>pmq call 






A unjgue opportunity to 
grow into and expand a 
personnel role with a Large 
publishing group in EW. 
Working with the new. ab- 
solutely charming Croup 
Personnel Executive vou 
will help her find her feel 
and develop her mb. even- 
tually taking over many of 
Ihe admin duties yourself. 

warm, sensiiive. aula rung 

pcrsonahly tMir. dipwmoo 
■nwf disrreiion essential 
IPM exams would he on- 
courage*! If desired Cood 
•O s. SOsh 6015 p. Sirs ex- 
Dt-ncnco. Age 20 30. 
Salary £9.000. P*easv 

Cull - 

437 4187/89 


Of course to begin 
with.' the mock turtle 
replied: 'and then the 
different branches of 
Arithmatic- Ambition. 
Distraction. Unifica- 
tion. and Derision' 
Lewis CarroH forgot lo 
mention ihe secretarial 
skills and language 
abihties that Jand the 
best temp rales. 
Ring now. 

179 New Bond St. W1. 


1 A teal nghi amt type post- 
lion prorang lotai back 19 
to Ihe ContioBer ot tha 
Ctamy Og win contacts 
wand wde Aitatate. so 
oafy confident + speeds of 
90/50 Some knowledge ot 

me mtfityy wood if pass 
C9.00G nag + 2 revs a year 

01-408 0424 

With our *tte ranijr- of 
hrSfy and sikthjMbtq 
lemp.j'd'y sec'eianal 
cosrjjr-s m. arv.-mjsi 
epwr*. the An* Pucm-m.-c 
S' J »■ ■•Cb.m hou-jtis. Oocu 
.,1 S-.-r'-Hil rw^iy rve-i 


t'i Bond St. 



■■ p- rl 


. r,h.p nqmWs 
j . 'fvn* 

1 Vii< ij p \ uuli 
l • *« Jfe' !*«f 

1 1 «-■* 


,C - A. 

\-£ j 


. *1 


Warned for excep- 
tionally varied admm 
po»l vtiih small, but 
very busy. WCI prop- 
k'lls management 

agents. Cheeiliilncsv 
unilappality and a lik- 
ing lor working on 
o»n miliaiivc arc ide- 
al qualifications. 


R enumeration 

Telephone Hunters 

01-837 0787 

TO £10,000 

HonnH Rom^t* COfintiHani* 
.ire inirmewinu r.iie 

ilfLHrw. Ck*T l«x» nLVWkjntu*iil 

kMp. 01 1.411 inr oinrp * imI- 

(H4 nv*ar ii.xl iiirnl Two 
llLr-\ • rHiMlIlulih l»^*l irw*i| 
,*PPMi<iiiiimix. ronnuion 
drinr inse^rm Aiul ijrnrral 
.■rln 1 in im ration in i«- .\i Tvp 
1 1 iq .mil shnMhiUtd jI** Dill so^ir 

imiiair i». prtvjiufHv ai^t 
rhJl.vler in ixo-ix-r m ,i rr 
-.poiiMlilr l.'xiiii rote* \«jrrl 

M.i|r of frm.d.* I'anrluUles 
shuuM -.ulimil 111 rniHnmrr 
■ I I-Cllin HVItVtr l \ Ol It'll" 

flhoiir ior J pnV'fuW nNnrv 
liinn iiiioiirH! rrf Id! IO in 
I L Dull. HiRajni Rowrp 
plr 1 2 Hjinrt H Si LMulihi 
UIR4UB Trl<il 7JJOH5S 


Pi-am. o ^ p^r jnrjiiyi Hv/t 
V"Al L 4l» r A n.r.1 ', *»v|*i 

: it>s:-iciiua» hh^ik.% 

:» j.-. r, 

i-l*> v.O*l (VC^ a VC< a > PKJ 
KK l" Am' I •* ••:i'4.»il 

oOk n , ».• !■> 'I-JOI V. I 


Please phone:- 
L C Blaaberg 

01-938 2311 


Require- ttell Mualnl Sit 
1 evarv «« ill. arrurale 

shixlliuikl .11,11 1 * hum, 1 vi imu 
small sLM, Know Ir-tloe ol 
Vv p ijiiiiinilrrs ira-it-l mil 
Iv.iM.iiiq ir'i-n T u -Jar, as 
-en ti> Pk»'ii,k- Svd W js 

snnwyitu Sal.irv up In 
I.® OOO L\V J -eel.. 

Xvulleu ..pull. .<1 Mill- 

Th.- CI.1 k 
It o 1 11 1 Kin* M*r — Hall 

Mu an 

LnnOs.ll Lll?X H\4 


Vs r are loniing inr a lirvl 
• loss sender*, nnri itveu 
III- . M h HI V v.-ilh 1* he lit 

■nil ilunioi'. -rt rhes.101 

li « oil haw cv-e||rnl 
audio r* pile, v» ills i, nr uve 
on ., V* P» 1, -xl nor will* i, 
.-vMiseienlKHis and Uev.ble lo ,n>.r wurk. 
me, 1 inr toil -Klers respxn 
Sim liiv and ,n*ol*enxi,l 
plm a*od slur* Darkaoe 

PImc tan Sad Sroofea, mm 

01-335 9I8S. 


PySec rotary 

Oot-d .xriirxlp l*pn*g. round 
lu.’vwlrdqr m uTillen vpo 
k.-n Trend* Owl 

urgai,iK,lM.inal -*,|lv SnUuy 
iievoiiabie Pteave wrile in 
duding OX lo 

Mrvs Caio*t„ Brillirr 
) B Bunin I Id 
16 18 X end Tavrthroni. 61 
London *iW IV I Si. 




ReqiiiTrs a pri m.tiif'iil uvrn 
l.ll ^ lo «V*4M in ITK* dJV lo 
■Ihv ruiimnq nl inr b*is* 

ad\itit.iiig Urartrimrni 
CJliilirialn Ahoald h.i\ r n 
Dn«|hl In cK prn*ou.tliK .ind 
br williwj lo m 4 or 

ni.iiMirKi fin 11 onmrnl 

Lt/rll^nl shorllund lipinn. 
■11 id wnrd piOflH^tliq skills 

S.IUU v •'Uf* C8 5QQ. J werl-, 
hulidav prt 4iiaium Pri\.ilr 
P.ilmnls PUui Hout^ 4 JO 
5 X* Monlri CWiWf-s 
1 oii\ rmr«i|i\ ill inr 

Vs rsl Lifi CjM s-ir.ih \m- 
rent. AdMTlikfbienl 

Maiuopf InJnti.ilmiMi Pub 
iH.ilioiis Ol 7-142 



After 2‘ • yrs with us Jo- 
anna is mo* mg io Devon' 
As business is as oouvanl 
os ever Andrea A I would 
tike another 
ronsullanl to join us in 

Sal rCl l.iTOO 

Phono Chrtsliiie Pearre 
Da v lime 01 aoa <M 
L*cnuw Ol 9 

su; son i i PMSIHW-.V 


With Trcnrn. 
Ixdiiki and nuinri.hV io 
pi oxide liark up srr* ire io 
vales Pro ions expri mnrn 
in This trade an avl* .iiiiegr 

£9-£i 0.000 

01 352 3870 
01 351 7878 


hr air dll rsldhlr.tK-1 
lirm of fine art dc.xirrs 
and are vearrhui'i ior a 
nut ure PA nf inunaru 
lain anprarani'r Mill 
adminisir.tiinn skills ami 

I hr ability la dm! ■•nn 
our rnliM li.iliulial 


The po-jtlii’ii rail* Inr a 
prrnii oi ft. * Kile .Mi 

lies *viih -aK.-sIs of 

,J 0 S3 I'iiin no** 


L • ...e.irv 

Audi* »»-iU< ■ B-. * N*i 






of London) 



I.-.IM.I.-I ,m Pi olr-aau jiul 
Head nl DebJilmenl Cood vlaiulaldv nere- 
hir* IPI Ilii-»CIX i|Heie*ln— 
*aned. jiiwl dmumlim irtr 
ivhirli i.irnev vane ilnii-w 
■Mi al m-p.inn>riiiHl level. 
6lMVrlHa|id nol Kill 
.luriu* v. m d pro* rvvuwi vk UK 
alul vurne Lruwlertun « nird 
n .il imuiiiolih,* an 
ad* ani.Mie 

balall- on i.inor C6.J5* 

C7 461 Ilinder inn I pluv 
XI W Londc-n .Xllowarrcr a 


Pifsiw anpi* In Idler ami— 
lull rld.uK il cum «r uce and 
■aHJiNiKj llv-> and ad 
■Irnvecv of l*«D irtfTrr* lo 

Tru- rvrvonnd CKiur Rnval 

hi IMM. I so Ou Can- Road. 
London Wli UHS uuolinq 

re.i-renrr 7 too T i. kyung 

ilalp o r rhrnarv |O06 

£9,500 pa 

Exlrnncly hectic arrhner 
lurai pronirr in SWT 
immediairly requires a su- 
per efliricni secretary lo 
run Ihe office. 

Please phone Bunny: 
01 730 7|74 


Tor rent*— i nl all « e oiiirr •- 
Sum. rVaii.k ■■■ Vv I &ei m 
■ rial UK .,i»l OX vv HI*, net 
1 leurn S H and V, P I. .if 

1 0o-*O IkuiliiN 

an od« JillHue hui..-. i. • » 
L vi i ii- in -,* I - . •* 

Imhi-i ||V 


AND 50? 

We ha\r a wii-rtion of 

pnvls In r ha rules S-imn 

with typing, olhi-r w,tn 
serreianat skills S-iUri.-. 
up IO L.B.600 Pl<-ay 
phone Prospect Trmos 
Ltd iSldff Agency > Ci o^Si 


Attractive drivers required 
to chauffeur U-nnis stars 
during Wimbledon fori 
night A years driving 
experience on full spmicss 
licence v» i in excellent 
knowledac of London re 
quired. Reply io BOX Bv'O 

un &Tt\endj!e 

linraur del ivirvuioM m oam 

posn wun Sin larmn ban S 
bearrm Igedimnqm, viudy 
kil orMsl rm. Uirim, A 
tnwrrni Ch» C H Pvnq 
fareroun r-fud C165.0CO 

01-348 8131 


£13.500 PJX. Serrelarv lo Chair 
man Cil* Mn.hanl Bank 
Lxri-IXiil urisenl.uio*. Ilexiiw 
approarl, ae 77 35 skills 

I-’O 70 410 1551 Ml 

Pulru- SimiMit* 
luiiieariire. • Ikiive min rlirins 
HI loo level m II, IS voung and 
MXl.illlr K-.klmq m Cxr vklllv - 
venux ret e| evp rrq Call KOMiie 
blO 7066 KimeJand Prrs Cons 
hriohl respnu-iwr 

rf-rr-wionni I* Vrd aued o> .-i Si 

r.U iMl't W .-u Cndomre PhcMK 

Jillie Ann mi Ol J SO le?I 

Per man. -nl v irmporan po*i 
I wm AAUkA SperialiU Her 
tow 0 1 7J4 05*^ 

SECRET ART lo Hotel Direr lor 
Limoimviii u'rtul In 

Mrjiiuf jnri idiini work laid 

too e*3 rt* 1*000 Link 
I. alien tour .XuM* 01 fUO 9743 
Wans Ivm Bevi lohv tia Co*en1 
Caj.len Bureau HO nrel ^i. 
LC4 3SA 7b“>6 

speaking V., ret or* Cudnn 
s hand To L7.COO P a 404 
4SS4 van efoui .Xqv 
Km Leiale Agents mo vlwil 
liaudi Atasl 1H S3 vaJar* net, 
PI- Pnone Ol 60 J 1633 ASAP 


•wwirin.iisv. tv>.60C- X Cniky 
L.vavei ve.-t.inq an exnlu,i| ea 
rrer rnnihnilny Ihe liel Ol Inr 
iniMisiiuig and rxnmmaus lieiuv 
i- mniirrt bv Im* * ounq anr, 
irieiuiiv romoHJiy Tolally u. 
mhixl mi a tarvd and 
Mileriwiiim luiMlion yoiitvillix 
•tail ■ im <-x>' exp in alieta when 
Ireiitxiillv Inadv lo - non or ra 
i ••er T* kin, al SSspm rc’d 
KtiMTq*. Ihr rerruilineiil roil 
SLill.uut. Ol 637 P5i3 9 



You have ihc icmcriiy io waoi regular work, 
good pay and ihc smartest most interesting book- 
ings around! In your 20 s. with shorthand or 
audio skills together with WP experience you 
actually expect a caring and professional relation- 
ship with your temp controller. You are not 
aiming for the moon, as our temp controllers 
have many years pereonnd experience to back-up 
an excellent service to client and temp alike. Call 
Rosemary Hamer in the Cily or Jackxc Do mb in 
the West" End. 

City 3778600 Vtest End 439 7001 

Secretaries Plus 

IP TTieSecreta r ialCortsukants 


Busy Chelsea office re- 
quires ef linen I 


iii4. skills 90 AS Salary 
aa e 

Tor further details apply 

Lucy Thring 
Callander Wright 

01- 581 8431 


Four day week .Tur-dar 
r ndoy i required Small, 
friendly Impart export 
romoany Salary negotia- 
ble Kiavtledqr ol French 
and lelex cxpcncnrc an 
adtenlagc Own ollirf In 
Ccorgian ttovnr. B.'dlord 
Row Tclrsnonc Ol -405 



fill M» M J.nnes Cn 

■ i vt»x k.»ir>j»'ai in 

Cmiurx Dll 

!«.».» ill i itfs. L m> rmr %j4 
•r’ al|IM| |WI||N% vii kJ >4.1 1 h rv 
i Njuirrei 


irM i Ldffuiin HI V»f .i'" 

RYAffKj lOf >1 

\v^iAi«f. .ujf 
21 1*4 lo uidfe •% ii h Ihf Pit*»j 
drill \*rr PrrHHioiil Png^ 

1 1 inn Apocmini^il'i Thr i^*sl 

Mill m%p€*rj* Ip IfYdH Of.Vlti-rt'*- 

Of i»i %*ilh 

<•'111 iai utbiijffMnom aiM o**irr 
r\pn k'nfp »■» imj i or an kiiiri 

r^liiH i .HU2 » ant’d i»iki prot ifinN 

v-HAJMl IW*vp FAC lirvl rjl |S P 

itoreupnN'iii Mi Hu* mom ,.*ih 
lltriciji mHM M.KIiihj vaU t 

on xFdtr k • t»j Le Ui 

«*» I lit* V* iMllfl.lllR* 'M 
rh'ifi.v ti^—t S 1 ••• •» ' r 
S* MW *M4* I R. K'*' • 9., •• m 

01 “,.j v. - . 



.* - I - 

r. ■■ M l-r- • > ■ • ' A 

('.nil,** II VI.rt 

i ....ion -vw i «— Ci. jmS 


SECRET ART in Wrvi L.*a PR 
I oitsuliai* v l.t-ruco waul* 
.► sru Iran* aim cm 
new* fiilhux.M.' and vwl 
Ivpuui mitnrrsi VtPrxgmiirr 
Irfilrffd *u- .ItotllMf Id S3 

oil IM- 

TOURISM £9.000 Direr I or ol 
mrrewiol Ini Co *c.'k« expeer 
rt.rrtl inot.t died * unllapEMblr 
P V Xlt.MI* lO ■ OIK" Ultorr prev. 
yjlf hi liVruulmu 

rut itonmv.l up uvrrul Chi 
!*H. k» oil cW 7066 KuKTHaild 
p is Cmt* 

CXPCR1ENCCO .uni -vrtl 
Ur>- yviMHi - n*t oood 
l> lorni hi ul vhnrlfiHi-1 uvuiriH 
In- v»cvi Lud B»oirxMitiut| eilwr 
Good vHlar* jimI BL p X lor an 
.lnpomim-nl ronlu.'l Mr Puwll 
nil Ol 7X4 rtlO 


- ilh cxr German ret*, i»»- Mi mo 
D rpl cr Call Bank. L iro SH and 
H.MJrO Ivpun iwv .60 60. 
Minwrm and WP rxi> a preal 
Jv—I >rtJO. tntsi Havre B. 
linutialOl --36 5-501 >Lmp Aqy , 
SH AMMO SEC. wun lluciu Grr 
.n.n, l<wl .IV UitHWi.'l dry. of 
CUV B.H- .vo* bi*i Kumcroi'v 
and or AiuHri- ixtiK-alu,. an ad 
* hi.Ihoc .JJJbt Lnrq Bnyrr 
Bi.MKruHl Ol 336 5501 > 


hi Hdmin lor Outv voting 

arr prarlirr. rlosr 
Innr un AiMill* lo in- IBM pr 
tmui Salary ncgaiiahw OI 
5M 308 4 


laiv -small property ronkpanv 
dealing Ui Mrnarra and A.KIoi - 
r.l V* nlc wilh CX lo B.tufirlla 
lid . The Bool Garden. 99 Ken 
Mi>vlon Hnjh Sfrref. London WB 

LEGAL c£ 10.000 Lame friendly 
Ol* voiirilnrv wilh kjvefv mod 
ern otter* rnquirr 5 verrrVjnrv 
Ini LiIkmIioii PidOeelv A 
Company Law all Al Partner 
reel Perk* include fu. PA. Ure 
avunanre. penuon. lunrti al. 
low.inre and vhoppnrq 
dnraunL* If vou are 77- wilh 
legal expenenrr rkeaw rail In 
rotUHleiu-r. Mr Thnrnpvotton Ol 
8rt 5Tt»7 Kutqvland Lewd 

BOOM PURUSHDM £7.396- exr 
hrnrlil* Seek inq ihr opp lo gam 
valitaoie prarlK-al exp M the 
renire rrf ihe mKK rvhinq frefd 7 
Tmv iiiiinlxI povi Iron will qrt e 
t oi. Ihr hevi evp KnuUk- 4* you 
limvr wilh devg.>T*. rtcol win, 
gal levs aiKl mjinuun a wairh 
nati hr ml in re prom *- nor* Skills 
K. 50 wpm St net qt . Ihe re 
rruilnvnl lOiaullanrt. Ol 657 
9EvM 9 

PART-TIME Par*oiw ftm.. r..i 

lum XLMkrliM Dterelee newK 
,1 VM Willi uo ul audio M I lid 
mull hul Dust- ofOrr Lxp m 
nu. keluiq mt nomretti at, ad 

t.u.luv .. otwnmn or rainmgi 

In. I itdl r-wenliul | cMs of in 
teiietnenl M nr-, a wee*, 
•tai.u* mxr £4.50 an hour Can 
Mm hMwMtm al Terrnex Ltd 
Ol 736 PolO uisii rrrtt am 


■ IOC'- »pm II vow hasp ihr 
skrie reqirir.xl hi HI muWnm 
lurfUj.Hi tour boss lo pro MV I me 
lh i-vjue- <rf hr- coin pa rt* al meet 
live. I-U Him. tv lor void Six 
m.ttilir* asHMpimenl al a katng 
I .iHton Hnlw r utaure Co to 
gall cat Mm. da* Rug Hat m 
Vm.wn SOM on Ol 639 73o3 

OrH.lit.ale ApptV 


L 10.000 pa. To work m run 
irw Crflire is 1 Musi he naid 
tso. kiitti and cwrvienlicvn 
Vs HIM wo Please leleohone Ml 
rn.*el Garnet. Ol 639 3856 

Vtrti Tern PLC 

FILMS *tau wiewltil Pro. ha 
(Min I'd urgent I* uecos esrrIM iU 
wx Mavses ol xwe .uvl in 
iBI.emeitl Coed sH ItOUMI 
V a OOO jHVqar Careers >S6.n.e 

Sn> Ud Ol 730 5148 

MAGAZINES (10.000 net* l ,- •< 

■ ■■■i t.-vunnswue onn»r*u siiwt 
Isi.r ve, PA HOU.IM-V ~rl 
1.1, ww Careers >S!6anr Lltl 
Ol 730 6148 


is Vs cm End in-w".* 
rsiMRLuil* vst-u SPS» rn awl nt 
•jra.l .mia-HI HJi. e esw nl*... ' * 

»-«- I MOM 


-Hteel nn rurrenl erf. .-*.»» s. I 
I. Ph-.r-r- Irl.-uho.- 111 4-1 
71 -5 491 7060 tor i> —r ■ ou* 

l.irv i.eixieg to work I'M y Ht! 
pi nro* mV, 4 wide r.trtte irf 
sporli.M eimh V uu llt.rd le 
lb s Mile. cmkrfiM .Hid *•■>* 
ImldwO* kil*q IF fide will* ii>r 
lues Ml .Vue 3, 34 Skills 
so 60 (7.760 Cun A.-i-ia 

*w | inter L'd .Re c.uw* *■ - 


ACAOCMIC7 Professor .uni It.o 
>e. I.urrs li'o*'.v in 

Lrrsbn.rvHI>e..ul MnM-. iwji ar 
ui.u. Hii .iHn»ad at.riati U* 
uru..ause lla-ir anal 

IU-*. rn ottMii.tle HMMn.iUMr.its 
and leHU Ou. ...IB !•*■ .1 -4»e. vh! 
i rn l* Or* 1 -t.r 30* 
->sul 60 Itpll.iT .l-U WP 

cr AX) .im*. m xi.nt.mrr 

L1.I -Per (‘lifts. ts ,J 4606 


x man, nw li— Am* * Dew 
nt seeks j Six, rial* M Ifmtl 

grate . hi nutiHOrr In*- "< 
rt. l.rtrvt i id. hi* ua i Urn iv hi 

name .uumairsli Hina, SO it pm 
Ivpm -*t*< lilt Iteeflrtl .red J 
c rteetlul llr-XHjfe anil. me Plrosr- 

h-lermorn-OI 340 4551 ■Cali > or 
01 740 55! 1 3531 -*vea UMIl 

I h/idirtn Hind Re run mm, 

RECIPTlOfiaT .eutmed lar well 

■ -JHinebed Ud Ph Bu*V ««" 
puferr—d swH- IOMhicI l>-4l 
wuh ilenls. d.MJrti*e iDwer, be snail amt wrK twAm. 

Invrlv dllirev Onlraf Lbhflon 
(mod BrnHrts xuianwm I 
, rats npoei* r rwndat. -Xge 
up in 3U * w Kalarv In 
£-4 coo Hue finesse Anooml I Id i Per Coiwi Ot 499 

lure v#x jwiu mi ic look Kid 
menmrrslm i*..»pwle»r» 

■ nnslrolions el/ Civ msed prO 

lesstonal or. uoumrrt 

xiirmhng la ihe iMf o> mued 
aenlleldlk Pn— Me !«.*•« lime 
an . mtp nn i m x ^hottund Ud 
Iteaw TOft tested .tor y>- XK 
10 V KJ (6000 PK-Hse MX OX -JO* 

12» The Work NtlDO 

Ol 3S0 V p, rxlniioifs krnviat 

Ian Keel PR Cf. will* 
InsitdiUd chirrs nek a well 
1-din -dm A itefl li* > Si i -led set 
rears eeo meafls 30 25 TXtrv 
uosiuon nqunx a sell Harter 

With OOOd □Tqa.II-sMiOont A 
r on nmM neHItan skill- A Of lvp Can l FT. Jilte -405 
a l-U, K.iMrslHod Pnv Cans 
M- Mitn uoan snwrtnand. WP 
and hook kerpiiN sk.Ps and 
Trench M Itso * r.u rarelraei 
(at Head of WnisUPMl Ce 
ArronHiMMUmen. ear. return 

i Kurus rid OOO- salary Cmlt 
O! A3* 7001 -Vsr-sl Lixl. or Ol 
577 8oCO iCrts ■ -see ret Hi «-» 
Plus. The bfrinarul 

COLLEGE LEAVER her wim or 
wdhoul , RC7 OOO • pr-tks rv 
nutted In CjU Car*. pans wuh 
totiii oflK is .imI a v ovinq and 
vers Jrieiullt jWo»nnr_ -Cl* 
k- rt jid a lu-qru and enlluivi 
Hslir BersoiVHKI* ess In return 
exrefhnl IratnirM) nw, WP and 

■ Mims Gad Lorraine 405 
6148 KuvOHfkO Pres Cons 

FLUENT FRENCH to E (2.000. A 
kune urtesiineni oink see as a 
verrrtar* lo nun * iur>H>r exeru 
me You will enrov ror.siai*, 
use ol votn kutauanrs 1 rto eO 
•kills .vimi rrrnrn s«nrtBH»d 
tKeden PM.*»e Kiepnonr Ol 
>4rt 3651 iOlv, or 05 340 
3611 5*31. LuaahMti Kwii Rr 
rruttmeru Cdartuhanlv. 

LI 1.600 - Wdkii-u. {vis- X ou 

«e agoed nfuaiiisrr jrwuwi. 
If, (.III Irfff Cf/w\a|f r Fall *■ ill 

ir ■ rl nlur.iO^ ,m4 J* 1 '.*»* 
iT>«bj \S P l W l"< 

Ml)i)i .■ 1‘orunitn ixpf 

uiuivruaiifiiiQ i-Hif wmi «n> ■ I 
PLimlpiKI VbPwiin ro>t)Cl A'4 
7 OOI ^rrrj*HM P*ia T rv 
VriHef mI rmrtairfi.nilv 

110.000^ L\[MflfT1fHJ Rplfll* IR 
o*irr hf'wrt pu^Drfh va 
..a |l pit^a Mfkfl. il'l fCu'xl W«>KjR 
*-VTf|^X\ 24* waif Sfim T.ii«d 

'» •■‘s .lltil C ,r > I %r*p- n a—a 

'..mi yr? BO 0t) •£*!• -a. -J«3 

?wl Lilli IT- 

Pius Thr mi n Ua iiv 

USE TO UP FRENCH or Catnofi 

iMjgn«a Ou (kink need a1 •«, 

prr W»ion 'W WN-* 

M^rkiiiiNj MiiiAim 1 06 nO 
*>.ik (ftia If P .ivtiih \Qf 
id LU«1MM«|N lY^U. ofli rrt 

mtw\ io vO TvD to mort mjk * 
■mnifMiAlP liurn «pv» r.iH Pitl 
Kmif I.UK1 PrisCur-* 12 


romniuJr >* Vn ,(iii rR" • - 

k".wi» foi IIN% *a* il'IAj firm • I 
mi- -cis Vdu -ii -*.■ 

L Nil Id inral KM IkBlI m < Cm 

n *cm J-5-M' 1 ii. -r 

•«ri| V|*>AfS v • I. 

llIN H.r.l fHMTf L-O *■ i; 

•mhI i»»r* toil* wp •6„i ■: 

iHY.]nl Par .vs- it fi-** • •• , 

5-0 Wl •■•Im •< •• i* 
y*ii • *»• •»* i i-i *. 

■■> :n Ml. I v U.u ■ It. • • • 

IJKIM Jl.lltf- 


V|«e Ck.-snlrirf .a m* irse.Ui- , 

tieoai liiuxit u drill Ihe lid. ( 

ln.rk.1 -inia*Ji'*HK* i*w -* 1 '' . 

b, ., iHtold I4..-KX III* I 
sXikit* Ui Like nil !!“• !a- I 
urfpim •e.'Wk.l 1«dr- -S-t j 
slinr'lkunl w .nxi—art ImK*'— \ 
..HI IKXXI VtrH' “ '.V .Ifn-Jl *■*” I 
•I Ih-.i piwihrsjnfj Ids |tt it ifr-i . i, i— 

III nine nux-ltnfrs I utop- a*. 
hair, am* l« eperae ihi k. I s 
. ellenj lUinwitem u»IW|nx lx awl 

l- inlils are iKinert I •“ 
mKnnsitaan i OtllHi I t .il 

.tiHH-isi.Hi vpnnmidtn*7> •"* 

499 8070 

CREATE a Ibimn htrne- !■- 
1.1 <7 OOO fUKl hiisl |H Ppf 

IV nuikivls in NW 5 ,axq 

.wsisiain-r m hfc«ku"i<nen "i-n 

luawwl > tifik le-H a lunne 

x.di **-.n net it tin n>*i» -*i"f s 

IU-K anat Inn-Ills and he ird*« 
Hito- r« their dads 
•ua ml mom e tnilbUAr sucxu 

1st .utd an nrq.d*wed mwl 

e-srrtlsrf Id handle mis di-nutnf 
mq mb small -*PP iUai" r 

art ti* at- iipmu 43* wun kv 

21 -rj li-LpglMatf ' l *' - 
B-dkMHS BIX MlUmtXU d '4 



£8 500. I he exh.hdK.i** '*-!*! e 
one whirl* liauilUMUlIl K!rh 
■He xiivr kj ikt nor a imiw 
r .urer Wdli.n ihe Mnstimu t. a 1 
will btotune IMoHI 111* .M*. nl III { 
iHsMiWiiu and w m aii-in- 1 
shews ut Ihe (h aial l-r I 

n-uiiitHi the sort ol exp ehnl* ; 
t. »p shi- tnti mr "on ki m i-nnt j 
ate.,, rater* skins TO Jo-* urn 1 
jnd W P i-xp iru « si ne,u» »l*r j 
r*n inlmeid ■ ohmiH.iw , ' ■ 

637 VWJ 6 



■ - net' -s Man ■ 

. u .-St* *1 I" 

MOTELS w» cETACO Ihe rt ! 
■ I lut I six 

•r • — di*.i 

r..-- k • 

J ei w •’ 

T ms wed known nmlkrta*- 
wfm rus a inuHdutlr d fnegia-w 
IhlrtrsK *x mokHlil ft— H hillf-l 
mlHIikHe ChUri- train ».*! 
unnrl soeeifs . 10O 55 1 K) Ir jm.w f 
Me wxtrl.m Xoii -eel rail. I 
Ijr m The ml ire oicaamMrej he \ 

sets liusf UHt led awn ao *** In. I 
ttoiw rw f om nioi i s eft qri. warns j 
to |Hki- da LrtWal Hfbt Irtill all.-- j 
rni.vtdurnls An rsi.-nei.f I 
rtuur In an outstapd/.u. ' 
ixnnni serteloiv spu F'« ! 
pins WP liarfwfH. «***en Inr I 
mrxr tlrfaiK (Oeasr ionlJi: t— a | 
Ufinr Kuna Xuusut.Ina ids on I 
4*9 8070 1 


YOU MUST BE A j-u -la* 
n .!>• a hlf.i..-i .111- I-- 
, rr.. | ...... re Xsn.l 

.giH-aira iwrnkii u-l. im 



Tempting Times 

Tasteful Temping... 

•\u hassles. .No let cJo-htts j.jxf ptun. simple. Hct irrsdc 


A tableful pg.-tafe of lopjobs d * .Mie? 3n»3 'booty h!y 
protextonal service. 

It vou have so\ind ski*:-? ar.J exjYwVh. jou-shooid be 
Diking lo 'The vtbrk bhop\ 

T el ephone Si c Copi*c m 0 1- 50*^ I -li 

Rivrii'.m-nt C»*h*ui: tit’-s ■■■■N 



!f|l(|ll.||.lIlMl Iff >1 .p ■ 
-mi .rtr.fifi'.it 

■•..I to JWtsI t 


W|tf| W 

I'bN !■! |*. 

»*»•'•* \*IU W-»F.l„|| I* 
*•'■ HUH ^ UniHR* J*v 

' l* ■••||Y|iW .HJ, 

. .««.» *1 Lvitpr, 

•• >.»|| Mi 1< h |M 

. ;m *o-.| .».■•. ... 

• I Wi -ml i 

Pliklil f • 

L ■« ^illaiiK 

^ I 


, *..'•!« *,fi r, nu« 

.■»• •• >:n i“if' iKj: 

••■■.Mx*. C x*ni/.ji'\ m 1*1 

*»■ ' • *4»IU 1'H.II‘MI ^'ronc 

i.'hi -b.4111 


SIX MONTHS Naikmo .J \m hi 
• *1 "ft W« ■» Ail Vi .!« >g 

. - • -3 xj >.,■ \\—..i 

■■ ’ .exoa. li . .|n. ,n. If ..i| 

• -l ■■•-••■• Jir.1 1*1. .Isr IHIimi.- 
■ i l.r.r »x rut 01 "!J HI *' 
. - >X i-i lilm- ! 

S.IW* I amt. i,sw;\ in 

Legal Appointment 





VVe shall shortly be appointing fun her Assistant Solicitors in our High Court 
Litigation. Property and Commercial Departments. Applicants with at least 
two years’ post-qualification experience and of outstanding ability should 
apply, enclosing full curriculum vitae to:- 

The Partnership Secretary 
Essex House, Essex Street 
Strand, EC2R 3AH 
Tel: 01-379 3456 

Overseas Travel 

dw>* ot.1,1 tarrv QTt Ol 607 



Marsh and Parsons, one of London's 
leading estate agents, require a negotiator 
with a proven track record to join their 
bus) and expanding furnished lettings 
department. The successful candidate will 
be hard working and capable, with a sense 
of humour and team spirit and be based in 
our Symons St oITice. 

Please contact Judienne Wood 
01-937 6091 


Residential Lettings 
Superb Opportunities for 


□uo to our continuing expansion we require addi- 
tional negotiator? io join our highly successful 
Ieam. Career opportunities for people wiiii initia- 
lly e. self motivation and enthusiasm whkh 
logo! her with hard work will be richly rewarded. 
Elxpenencc essential 

Pamela Berend 01 722 7101. 

8 Wellington Road, London 

WEST END art in, noj i,.r 

lh-.- jhm p min hi wh.i h h.,v 

Ivi’i ,n-.i|i d n.ih.n the I >. x 
lcj,l.n|! hr»k>i,-p 

IfK- vi.ii. v,i„| arriwJM w.ll 
lx" Ill vrt\ir» ,.|u 

■ • Jl J.X . II -ill li I ... ‘ , t. 

I -t . • . I 

. .ill * . . X 

01-629 «&04. 


• rfuire latfV. 

■ '-iii.|vm.B,i Hurt!-. rag Lit red 

fm !o vivn old OHuuiiirr « 

'xi. "1. yi.Hxaiil.Hmlv Lxrrf 

Irtill ^.,H-|||V .Hid - OTirtllLOl n. 

i-»i* iNVi" u.Tvrl Imperrobte 
. * 1 — 1 1 Hfi-v irumrrtl. U iv ui. 

1-lrt* LxhHv tv-tow IHi- 
el 45 UHL hrt tuU.HHe 
1 ' .nxi , rx-rnt pni’Howrapn lo. 
MLlX B*,’ ||,r r.iirt-v P O 
H»x 484. LbiMlmi I I 

, t-CIl vTICtOvt J ..m-ii. 

I ■ ■ LI 4 ,,|J .«*.». 

r.ill, l.vii.lll- q- .MX .1 ( hi"!' 

j .il I f.-.r | f iflilkH . 

.. 'i' U»1 

- ii lavuxxi- xrx-ak M—. «x 

— - - *1 InniHxIia.r- vl. n I kxi-avi 

I - -. ,.r- | Ihi .m ■ 6t oaq »f.5. 

• >.. . 1UHIIX .VIM VSn U.w 

l’.»k ll-XHl 1 -MKlrt.1 N 3 

USA CANADA Low Forcv Round 
Ihr Wnikl nu AuMralia 
t etio wi- hrfn vou plan a nook 
all vour mx-rtv. Our uniuup 
yarpei Pianv make n all eavv a 
fiat Wnle Holden Travel Ud 
London 5W8 3LG or Ol 682 
0661 iVQT.y 
IFE, Creek Island*. V ill*. Apt*, 
pen-iton* Tav m to* Hohdavv A 
rbahlv summer winter Bro 
rburex rmokntqv only dirert 
horn The SponalKtv. Venlura 
HolHUtx Tel Obi 834 BOAS 
OT TURKEY. 12 WU H (Te wed 
i mu or varm iron* Cl .OOP p » 
Idvlln pi i* ale beorl, fkofpf f. 
CMOn. '2 w-eekx. me nil Free 
w.vtervCKKtv wiin.bolh Ol 396 
1005 .737 5861 oroaphonr, 
ATOL 3091 

Ctoner Km 86 programme 
Hotel lounna romping. Iret-mg 
A hone vafam L maue tana of 
*WM.Hev ^arierv A water 
IKK Tvvirkervworkl brorhure 
Ol 897 7606. "892 7881 ( 
TARE TIME OFF lo Ports. Ain 
sferdam. Brumrfv Bruar-x 
Ceix-va. Berne Lauvamte. Tru* 
Ham*. D.iblm Rouen firm 
mane A Dieppe Time Oil 2a. 
Owipr (Srwe. London. SW 1 V 
7BQ OI 356 8070 
rrekaiulx heauurul 
rountrvxnle Hfgfrfnnd vaforrs 
I w-Kketxw-orld wmmrr Wo 
mure Ol 892 760o .24 hr Ol 
893 78511 

TURKEY, small pensions A ho 
leK Direr I MwKU IO Lmu, . 
tbUman -Vnakuya Depamuev 
Irem J Mo*- Tel .0925. 
778544 Tim* way HolMav x 
(tarda, I Ihf experts lo Laltn 
Ann-nra nili A Ixl On,* to 
rdfi-jn. ISA a Mrsno 
suiuir O l 639 1150 
iiKim* c-q Rm tags Lima 
C47B rli, AKa SniHU Crown 
Hntutav JntKimvs JLA Ol 747 

MA2ARRON t 1XSPCHLT rrsorl in 
•s Sfkii.i v Ufa* opts, sal Fll 
Cal M.uii. 1 ,fsr Lh klc-toa. 
Bra I, Ba, Hols 0453 2751 as 
ATOL (CT 1517 
hi l.iuotie I HA a max ,U-xlhu 
linns I IIPLOM.A T TRAX EL 01 
7W330I vur v la r a a rot 

DISCOUNT? |st Cronorn.* lh k 
ef* T rv »s 

Ihv. rr KXTKMKI RS Ol 587 


I UI open. i dexlrtwrtimis 

V aiexaiKps Ol 403 

a-o? 006? ABT A 

biwu Arm km 


Ai nr a ,raeapi-vl lares i-n 
torninnaia Travel. I Duke SI 
Rh hnnmt AHTA Ol 940 4075 
PORTUGAL PofixacU ITT drive 
lours I trst (Sow rt-tirxr Ho 
leK nrrx hi ire Ol 440-4477 
Hart la ixl HOtntaYx 
TUNISIA Tor tWH pertrrl hotular 
wilh vunn* ilavs A 
Iinnts Weal lor F»«> Main, 
Tunisian Travrl Ol 57S44H 
USA. New X ork C249 (o, Anqe 
lev £5X6 I lor HU £509 * other 
devf.i UI Kins Manr L Jfrdrtwrs 
Ol 584 757| ABT A. 

ALICANTE, r.iio Malaga eir 
Dvnmixl I i.ivei ATOL 1 7V5 
01 5*11 464|. Harxlum 6BS4I 
AUSSIE, is / . *Hn ANiro. ISA 
Hurra hrnra. hsl F4iex Ol 493 
7778 ABT \ 

AUSTRALIA. Sidney- Mettmuinr 
l( Lul H Perlh Darwin If 
(630 Ol S*W 7371 .VBTA 
FAR BAST. Hong kww £485 

KHrakuk ISJ5 Si i Kfcl pa. e 

(*»3 Ol DHJ 7371 AHr-y 
FLY FR £39 ■ PnM. toithu 

KV Mlkl.l. VH, il/ XIUIUlll. 

(HHTir H.I.iWheiH Ol 4iaa.wt» 

TUfmer I IHKIIS mill l.nni (176 
■iX Hex, •• II.IUHIIsa I i.uel Ol 

i j O 77*^1 

SOimf AFRICA IoTxi.ii Ir (475 

VI ?37l IK I 1 

SKI 1X5 ALMS lor (usury hgk 
ilavs in Xrrtuer Please tel lor 
OrlaiK 01-603 5086 

SKI Mt HUH I £199 tali-red ftia- 
lefs 37ml Feb t*kj David R*re 
0547 810664 

me HoH Ol 309 7070 Cftir 
ATOL 1772 

SKI VOHUER Luxury mu -Jeeps 
e Cenlral laralion. AunbUp 
rmtS Morn* 8 01 680 3445 

VI USHER rhalet on me vkj slope*, 
sips 6. IP Irf. Iron, C240pw. Tel. 
051 6572880 

VERBICN 2? Fro Kalie produre* 
U*e best lood rn super riuki 
C100 PP pw Teh 058675 478 



Vnlmeii Beaufilul rornforl,ible 
lamilv home, exlrnvite grounds 
neat *<o. serv lame oooL sleeps 
8 IO Mid June to me Hrnfen. 
ber. (1500 o w . help mcTuded 
01 231 8615 

A rural railages Ir £95 pw Bre 
loune HoH 0226 556761 
OeisClBlh rarmnouve vlg* ajb 
or IO 075787 7746 .74 Hr-i 

Tel 91-441-8122 24hr 


N York £198 
Los Ang £339 
Sydnnr £659 
Aurk C7BO 

139 tram RnM, 
Wimp 9X409 7X44 

J-burg £468 
Nairobi £359 
Bangkok £559 
Toronto £239 


IMPLY ICELAND. B-dav Laxter 
Bieak. Bmxn Weeks is Week 
ends P.moranu Tout. 2 
Centres X ardon Travel Ol 283 
MARXOIA private villa* with 
nw-n moK PiiWWi and Parker 
■Ol > 495 5725 


ST MANY'S ton Of Will* Corn 
w.ul \rrv beauliiul modern 
tHKjve. -Ptenaullv vilualed 
.tviiMW lor short telling* 
13 4 IT 5 86 and 7 PS t, 86 
Rnu. innr, French Ol «*5J 3MOI 
iw da* si 



Luxury aporlmrne* 
W Mention* at hi 
aiaraifMlilY 01 MS 0234. 


TENCRIFC, Neai Lg» Own lex a 
IhKihri J par I men l superb 
irn* ririlv ii.n.rwhecl 
£26.000 iCIOOOCI mnrlgHge 
av.TiUmei. Tel 0282 Cr*54U4 


TUSCAN T. LiL\«jrKMp«h lui 

iiNfFd itafitv* in Nt .\m#«r*l 

6 J UilhinuMis liri.m* 
«I*I|.||I |HH4 Hr.||4ll|lg| lOlltlin 

I5 m in' V'hL I lliragl * 7* 

V*fiU pu Mum l a l .-'J 



, Cieeee 7 v steep o 
A 4. in lerrarixl garde, „ mer 

looking vea Available Ma, 

itBH-.Orl (500 pw- A (176 pis 
Tel: Ol 54! 0368 .ami 



To Auvirta limn (69 M B 
Calivxk Mi.nxh 
f.KKH £75 
Cal wu k Turu. IMS 
Bumingfiam Mu.urh CH5 
M.UU-tKHlpr Mumrh £.«9 

Tel: 021 704 5222 



for dv rv nvu. hkiinc 

n»OM OfXLX £99 

principal rr> or 

rRELDOM holidays 
O l 741 4686 061 23b 0019 
A TUL 432 | AT A A1TO 


t> C .\PPT*i F POM Ci4«nu 
rhgliKA TldNMrr^ unll ('m 

0I-S84 5060 

chalet sr.yk.nnv (ig 5 

Prrxoiul ,. .tiers n»K w. 
Thu.s £»l s>® Hale. 

kmghlvIH KKn- Ski 

Pi a. . 


* * Jfc 

("ape* ef| Chain Parties 


Feb 22 £219 

Mar 1st £249 

hr limvr n«rais (/md * , U1| 
*h-» 01-37* om 
A rot. 1H30 



Krt-a ■■■ " • 

I at lira. y •>■- 

InXISi-s. ,« r .-I - 
Ikf-k "I II 1 Kl - 

» no 




Lm'in •liMHinriii 4 .If.ijIJr 
,v y Imltv nni8 I «*n siiiir 
Limit mndii n b hen •liwitei 
•ii«M iiirm diiiuiTAat 1.1.1111 

■4'iuulr ciiauiii^ loom J 
r refill -% Vl llll |i|*r p,i|ikH illlin 
1 ' IIIVK fill iirs/FY-fj. m I 

omril lihuliiiTi* 

Tnw to be nacatiatod. 

Tel 0252 722251. 



28' Iilxutv mobile 
homes ipi sjte on superb 
4 sLdi sue Z pool*, 

F re*iu* si Raphael 

CSSOO tnc (H* ratn 
up to April '87. 

Inspection holidays 
an aiiqeu 

For brorhure Tol fMS2 
8K-19H am time 

CENTRAL »WAN^nijKS^r7i. 
IX. l.rwii pi ■ xx.i, ,,„x 

v.xxhxl -IU.HIO-, hixpr M.,i, s tfc . 

, 1 ' n "-«e xl.u.hH 

ViiFU re U I OaSu* 


nk, . Iu,.i le, P M , , - 


BP 37 401 10 

' 7S. I ->XW I 

"■ 1 1 M y 




V*e 11.11 c am, to Inuhnn, 

j"-*x II m*l ftf! Ja,,., 

11 "Mil L I 3 r,i ; . .inii'hnla^l 
l< bin l.r»j e.-,;, 

Tgfc 91-751 5527 S 



"I't Iran n . 

Wgpri |„, HI 
iHfafrhftt! m^i*. 
r ail inrmihiK 

L inut 

•"•m 1.6.500 

*‘dh niaiH . M ,_ 

ii.ra. 1^ 0 - r ^ •«» 

M. ii. |, tl| i.ilellk 

‘ ““ Jrl '*"4 in neval 

m'IS! -01.0 D.w 

.uni., tutu 

.„w i l, ‘' , 1 , 11 ,WS “ "««" S 

.... r 'llli.nini.» L.I1F 

■"■rt -ri . . " l,M hkhini tort 

„x2" , " , T2' «■»» sivun 

'3*1 i'«p ■— -IV''" 1 - Sib- 

0757 rt| 1*10 

>AY FEBRUARY 19 1986 



The admiral’s 
prize house 

*, v; :•■• " : - ... ‘ '. ••• . . .. ■ ** .• aBKi •• '* •; . . , 


Bridport, Rodney, Howe 
^'^'^■ fe Th6fetedi 

awSSSKSr L?!. grounds hdud e 

»*^h^lSlMS n9anlen 

, * i « 1 ™« »^ |n e | uSSaS 

to bedroom, and a 

.. . [ten ^ 

i room, ceflarand i 

-tedtson mid Jackson of 
Bton are asking E72,50Chpfci*. 

Danish devilry 

JSfteminSP Han, Eye, Suffolk, 
stands on the site of reputedly the final 


Nortfagate Home at Btary St Edmoads, Saffqlk, a Grade 1 listed beading, is the 
f siDcapalprop^fy m a group of town booses near the cathedral. Dating partly 
npRAMl times, there is eruience of Bth46th oratory timber wort in the 
row. J he troot now has an Georgian facade and the rear a Qnegn Anni- 

cleratioa. The house, once the family home of the fade Nora Loft* historical 
****** ayt swranr , has a reception toll, two mam reception rooms, sitting room 
mw ax bedrooms. There are also two self-contained ffetts, ami the hwsse stands 
in afaont half an no*. SaviUs of Cambridge and Rutters of Bury St Edmonds are 
- . asking £175,060. 

Return of single tenants 

tfte Danesln 807 AD. The estate was 
owned by the Betfingfiekf famfly for 900 

years, and the present house was be- 

tury. The hat) Is at the centre of a defen- 
sive fortified moat system and is in a 
remarkable state of repair, retaining oriq- 
mai beams and Btfvcentury 

KSromdaSwffoSuSftre to . Qrad0 

reception rooms and eight bedrooms, 
and there is a staff cottage. The 
grounds of about five acres contain the 
Saxon moat and a fish pond Knight ‘ 
Frank & Ruttey seek' £300,000- plus. 

■ A rare freehold house in the 
heart off the teoavenor estate in Batea- 
via has come on the market, and is 

By Christopher Wannan 

Property Correspondent 

Companies and diplomats continue to 
do minate the upper .reaches of the 
London letting market bat them are 
signs of a Swing towards individual 
lettings, according to a survey by 

i and Sons and < 

and fca Twelve Chester Row, mantfy 
modernized, is on five floors and 
has two reception rooms and fur bed- 

Rural retreats 

■ A senes of I9ttvcentury farm build- 
ings ciose to the Saxon duirch In the vff- 
lage of Tarramere, West Sussex, has • 

been transformed into 27 cottages and 
flats in an unusual devetopmem by 
Federated Homes. Butt to the farm of a 
square with four interna) yards, the 
ongtnai butkfmgs with tfteir (4-in., aoHd- 
coureed, knapped, flint walls open on 
to four garden squares, toskto, the! 
supporting rafters and trusses have 
been left exposed, giving afl the cottages 
aalleried first-floor studios. 

Now called Saxon Meadow, the 
one, two and three bedroom cottages 
and fiats are for sale through KSnq 
and Chasemora's Chichester office. The 
leasehold i 
£41 .450 to £71,450, 

published today. 

It is not surprising, given their bigger 
- resources, that companies, hawk* yi*d 
diplomatic missions should raty up a 
large proportion of rented properties in 
the more expensive ports of the capital, 
but that situation has been emphasized 
by the reluctance of landlords to let to 
private individuab because - in theory 
at l east — corporate bodies are more 
certain payers and landlords can expect 
to get their property back more easily. 

The figures in this thir d survey by 
Ironsides show a steady i pgwim jn 
demand from diplomats since 1983, but 
the report notes that the market is still 
unsure bow to treat the problems of 
dopfoniatic immunity — the e xample of 
a middle-eastern diplomat who would 
sot move fresh in their minrfq 

_ Ironsides suggest it would be in the 
Interests of individual diplomats either 
to waive their immunity where it ai&cts 
rental agreements or persuade their 
governments to sign normal commer- 
cial contracts on their -behalf This 
would give diplomats* far wider choice 
of properties urn “suspicious” market. 

One of the treads plotted in the last 
"three years is the swing to letting to 
private individuals rather .than an 
insistence on company IclsJSeveuleen 
. percent .of the lanqfonis taking part in . 

the survey said they were prepared to 
accept private individuals as tenants, 
the result — Ironsides conclude — of the 
Pococlc and Steel case which demon- 
strated that the courts do protect private 
owner/occupier landlords. 

Further evidence of this swing is 
shown in the table of landlords’ 
concerns before letting, a total of 32 per 
cent now concern themselves with the 
‘quality of the tenant*, ahead of other 
considerations such as payment (22 per 
cent) and vacation of the premises (29 

The survey also shows that there is a 
marked increase in the number of long 
lets of three years or more. These 
lettings are in prime properties with 
higher specifications. Supporting this 
trend are answers from tenants who 
demand certain requirements such as 
proximity to schools, the Underground 
and the need tor offstreet parkin g 
Ironsides believe that longer stays will 
reduce the turnover in the market, 
which in turn should produce more 
price stability. Another effect, however, 
is that fewer than two-thirds of potential 
tenants are finding that the London 
market provides suitable properties as 
their requirements for a longer stay 
grow more stringent 

Three years ago, 83 per cent of tenants 
found foe range of accommodation 
available suitable, compared with only 
59 per cent tins year. The difficulty is 
compounded by the fact that landlords 
prefer to let furnished or partly fur- 
nished property. For those potential 
tenants from countries including Amer- 
ica and France, where unfiiniished. 
letting is usual, it creates the problem of 
either storing their own or foeir> 
landlord’s furniture. 


• The Barratt Premier Collection is a completely new range of 
over fifty individual and innovative house designs. 

Homes to suit every taste and [socket at prices that ranee all the 
way from £20000 up to £500,000. 

Each home sets brand new standards in living space, specifica-. 
tion and style. 

And they re just brimming over with those special touches 
which make life so much more pleasant and comfortable. 

For full details of this exciting new generation of homes and 
our four unique show villages, visit your nearest 
Barratt development or write to: 

Barratt Information Service. Post Office Box no. 

-4UQ London WIA4UD. 


a rtohghtiuitiwnonai Purvowuntbiarv. 

Huaia. Uffittan. Utchm«i». potential tor iuuo. Aii 
AT yr mar £47.000 


In opm of modmdstotofl a apadm Many Ox la ■ 
■aptou (oration. Large motto. kitchen. Oanaroom. Min- 
ina*. £75.000 


WHh to» Qi tf»r >irwi Inward, the Park, a «ny Hrt 
aatMUM 6«h Hoot rut In modem Mock, with under- 
wound ra» mare, a (woroont^ bathroom, known. 
HW W b. to. AO mkn. t-B yr Inv JUS&OOO 


Newly re fun M l ma itJ floor flat. M cm Mr mtertatning 
>M MlIMFd U gmngp Work wllh untnvouM car 
pwku«. 5 bedroom. 2 bathrooms, double T*c*M»on. 
k bctien. a nakreom. AO service,. 126 year kaw. SOLE 


A bm«d*rrf»y immM 1st floor matsoneW In otiM 
posuon in linn Moca wMcn tnuol be m. a bed- 
rootim. a tenptloM. 2 bemroomo. Uidm. AH 

SSTiSd^SSb^' o, 


AmMkMtanmrikasMd lamuy RUnUablefor 
Mertatep on Pjrwnd scole. 4 bedrooms. 3 tame 
reception*. 2 bathroocn*. shower, idum/ breakSM 
room, off ureei pwidno and all onvices. 14Q yr tow. 
JCE^OOO. JOHM Soto Aoonu ■ Anpcombe A IWnHancI 

Lll 51 X 1 


“• "wrkot. a very spacious ns in modem 
Block. In this very centroi location, ft bedr o oms, abaat- 
room. double reception, cloakroom, uteben. Ail 
“rvkro tWtob vrecomroended. 93 yr leaw SOCE 
AGENTS £260000 

I Mbj famhenAAkdi B-raUd«topoknh«i««V.4w- Jw. iMn^tiBral P ebm.Brart<rt.iae«Bw ft 


01-408 1161 

A Mtwro grade ■ Ititod pert- ASwiMn 
““U*e'*^»«?nn , »Oview, oat won ntiow and brtoM 

******& «**««. a bodm. boai. 
•SftS. wto c l eoefceM et eoe u er room. UL un and 
r*ffi.oai portor Loom til pm 

mb mi* n fua n ^^jrRWMMiiint 

A charming Terr ac ed bo u se Move ouicfctytoaniutre •tun- 
Bi I M gaie WMane I n need of nU« ground Horn Oat mb, 
» beds 2 baths. 2 MM callings and original cor- 






l gar den. Pm w tucina 
<*n Idaho at superb 

Ul/traa room. 

Tel: 01-352 8111 


£115,000 , 


DM bed flat with laroe 
lounge. New Work! gas hob 
and tpfti leers mm wiin 
brfirHber unlhi Gnrh.rlmr 
aU ammeniurs, use of gar 
oens. gr rally redured lor 
quick Mie. 122 years. 


Country P ro p ert y 

Somerset & Avon 




arwiWNUJ FOR OtiAUn 1 and SOS M> nnpimd. omuoiqtoMyu 
S5*T tow one Rwul » fl» tat luxwy dtshOfmtM byic 
"hoi Hnar aaaah for IWi 

Ngamdi Miaakad hro* ike Rn«* Am*, toe flees caadr gathtr m rrm 
*e«l daqes and evrrntm. Fatons ndade Edwflned xM *ned 
LiMlrii buu> MhwmwIi m i f ia nn c plimaad Amoco flooring. Tin 
rmrtkm neflm umhoUiag n ad msth^ViilU taitoatied coon. 
>anh Ikmidug detatnAfl wnoandnv. wthM Ac drsdgtfy of 
matamiiw tom. Viewi* stvosnl to an appreentua orifleqully «c 

Pflices: «W«W24WK» 

Brocburc too: 


Sales Office, i NonhMpx Conn. Gnnc Sweet. 

Tet Bull (DZ2S)M487< 

tOUDKCT, 9M Bndawairr and 
M&. Bel ween coaol and 
Quanlork him OH. Crcrgum 
iww w tiHMto. K« Mast nn 

Wllh A GA. large recep rm (DP 
lor extn 1. clutwm. 4 beds tS 
dtUel. tHHbrm. OF CM- LfP W 

rage Totally secluded S I 
waned garden. Grade H tided 
L&&.O00 ond. Tet- 1027814. 
732467 or (OJ1 326 06GT7 

■ATM. EJrgcml 2 bedroomed 1st 
floor aewnmem m Die rtm 
C 1 25.000 Tet 0226 312367. 

CUPTOM C22SJ000 wwijnnffiir-: 
KMU i lews or er The Gorge and 
unto soulh-Karlna garden, su- 
perb Gto*>n canuiy house, 
wub 2 bedroom flu. Os mond - 
Tnrkft rt»73i 7M2fle«r 102721 


TOWM MH. BOgtaum G bed- 
rooms aillh MAC. 2 looign. 2 
naihroonu. kilrhcn. lof! stor- 
age.' B1UO. 09.000. Engs, b 

Proves 31. Brighton. 8K31RD. 

Prope r t y Wanted 

Registered - 

Seeks To Buy A 

Residential or Commercial 
property for education use 
within five miles of ~ 
Piccadilly Circus, 
north of the river, 
approximately 7,000 2 feet 

Alliance Francaise, 

6 Cromwell Place, . 
London SW7 2JN 





00, S 

ago. Gas CM. Pmw» Gs ntenr . 


^ Jo*, man am. 

O Vest, CMppflNwp Tab {QflMNQ 


' Borden 

(Between Salisbury 
and Marlborough j. 

h o tomi /wam draw m. din 

n*. 4 good (tods. bath. 2 dka. 
sntowOd ut v«h Aw. usual 

'•s&sio ar* 





Ctoumrd 6 
bfdroomHl (amHy 
Urge kitchen, lounge, dlnMB 
loom, sun room, vtf ran- 
natvd studio room wuh 

MOhroonv. tovrty me 
SNiintod onrdro. 


’ Luxury in- 
' big ■' Danish stylo. New energy 
. saving buogatow. 3 bedrooms. 
2 bathrooms, large open plan 
UtrtMn. dining, using room 
with winter gatdrn. Comotok- 
' wuh carpets and nstains. Bum 
throughout lo a very hHh cocci- 
Itrauon. £179600 F.H. 
AshMTM <037291 78407. 



Village setting large plot -easy access to M3/M4. 
Offers io region of £120.000. 

Phone' 0734 7916^8 office or 
0734.783138 evenings & weekends. 


m a w — me nihtniw i n pm- 

od ooilagr. wan obto world 
charm, village centre locaUoo 
ChaUOM St. alien Lounge. 
. timing/ JUK-fwn arms. Balhroom. 


r 078^ ’ 

£82.000. Teke- 
SJ57330 today 
09407 corn weekdays. 

C O Igfl mU- Period vmage Me 
Haled grade'll. In I'd arras 
amUst Lhtt rhanmng Chfllern 
"village: Met bop a mile*. Mao 3 
mBei. Brer rrav ut. uutwy . a s 
betbTns. 2 pathmu. atbc rm. 
gas rtL fflWe gge. Man, lenidsd 
OoUagr f presently too Region 
of £300.000. RafSety Budvland. 
HH4 5432 : 

ual modern bungertow wnn 
sunny ■e acre garden. River 
yards away. 3 retro- 4 dole, 
beds.. 3 bathe. Lgp. lux. kU. Of- 
fers £390000. 00284 76085. 

BUCKS 5 RUIes M4Q M2SKn. In- 
dividual family nouu- wuh 
spare for oranny wing. Od. 
dec. order. 3 reem, ul 
cue- idb. 4 bed. 2 Mh. shwr. 
dMe gge. acre gdn. 

nsaxco. lews and setts 
0753 66X552. 

NT M2G MOO. tin £54.950 
F. H. Tel®753 805892. 


MIlfMOUnf, S. Devon. Ah or 

frontage Cotugr. in need of Im- 
proVMnefll Tti Autllori 201b 
Marti Lelr her ft Scorer. South 
Embankment. Darlmotnh 
108003} 2223. 

L 3 bed pm bum 
1904. NH8C. 3 mure Truro 
£33.000. 10878 1 40681. 


Conveyancing by City Solicitors 

For buying or selling your home in the usual 
■way, we charge £280-(+ V.A.T. and disburse- 
ments) For prices up to £60.000. Please 
telephone us for a quotation on figures higher 
than that. We can also help you find a 



TELEPHONE; 01-248 0551 

An >n«(WM MNty bouse n» Bus anrocuve tomtom tost South 
of KeaiMgtan Souare. extensively modernised in [be last 2 
years wUh a iron planned layout providing very enerliMr 
and soaewus amwamodsuon emu to Thackrroy Bn village 
■fmosplirre nod good Mvoov. Few mmules Irons toe open 
spaces of Kensington Canton 4 beds. dMe mcro. dining 
rmfbM 5. ptoyrooRWh'lan mv. Snamae ui. bam. 
uutKy/dkft oano. gas CH. Freehold. fia.OOO 


n 887 Hfl 


. mf 

yet Md. 9 mlm «w« of beta 
bury Kli b'MM roam, dm 
room, twinge with (ngkmtMk 
study. 2 bams. 3 bed. 2 ailic 
f h., garmr. car perl, garden 
Offers on £88.000 for gukl. 
sale. 0722 790220 or 073a 

Nr Cuy. ye 1 not 
overlooked. SubSMMU) and 
toartous EUwardipn style serm- 
det. (amfly nmtve 6 able 
r e tnitog anginal iron 

flrepipm. SBM wood lined m 
tamale kuciton wHii Reyburp. 
acH. Slacug MtabMTtod gar- 
den. Del gurow. EnceUeM 
earuHUMi torounhoui. F.H. 
C80JOOO 072222789 «fWT 
60m please. 




1 1 ^Andrew Qran t \ 








LOAN ^ — 

BUDGET *«»| 

By DtKCtMn Ot Mr Oaorg* Docker and Mbs. Doctor 


new miATnmD upon a von 
. m IWIM Simtonf Mian A«on«0 miimtCtobm90 bum UMMb 


4 DmMlM Rooms. BrukM/UHhn. UOtoy Room. QHk- 
room. t EXCEL LE N T BEDR OOMS. Dcmring/EMnp Oeom. 


■R Nut (*nfln. 

■ - BOMdln Mar af 


Mature gordcuo and roddock n 
. OFFERS OVER £300000 
VtowfOF StoieSk ngsMi Wemnter OfDoa. 





* 3% times income or 245 times joint income 

* 18®% mortgages up to £100,000 

* No evidence of iactcMae required Tor loans 
op to £150,000 Cor quOfyisg Applicants 

* MIRAS fedByanribbfc orcr £30.000 

Ring 01-235 0691 

for full information 

Fsandal Services 
25a Motoomb Street 
London SWl 
Open fmia Spun, todaj 

HTHBU spacious ind vvtHI 
kepi Victorian lerr family h»e In 
popular location. 2 roepts i 
wtib ortg marble luvpiocr. 4 
large bedrrra. 2 tog baths, him 
kHctieiv. reflar. small walled pa- 
bo gdn. grh Armneniun very 
clove. Freehold £99.980. 637 
8261 (dayl. 622 6708 tSun 6 

WAV!* UT Common end 
SWl 7. Victorian lend, totally 
renovated 5 bed. 3 bam 2 en 
Hdle. labuwm wtuie kitchen. 2 
I*r. potential to extend- oflecs 
on £200.000. View today John 
p Dennis 673 8881 
*817 Slunntag iftMdd 5 DM 
house. Very new Underground 
sin. V. tor rrrrp Duimg rm 

KUchen Cm CH. 6^ garocn. 
£205.000. Vanstons 736 9822 
*•17 SUinnmg semldel 8 bed 
home. Very near Underground 
«n V. ipe recep Cbning room 
KMrnen Gas CM 65' gdn. 
gOMOO. Vanstons 01-736 

9Wt8 Smrtous id fl flat. dMe 
bed. ige rnrro. mne k«. ft. moa 
onto. ttCH . ntr dee order. Nr 
Bit ft SHOPS Lang to. £39.950 
Tel. 9466488 w. eadsftevrs |T< 
SWS a mtnutev Stockwru lube 3 
bedroom fwisy mawonefte. 
NH8C. fitted kUfhen, bled baui 
roo m- fun Gas CH £52500. 
Tel- 0705 464446 tT>. 

menuv road, a «*■*** m 

nous newly refurb 4 bed del 
hsr. 2 Uto recro. OCH. ? batos. 
hue ku. dMe- glaring, pkg Su- 
perb family hsr or toning 
Investment £180.000 F h. 
Opnuihe ft OI 485 1665. 
UUMM 5W8 Slumdng 2 
bedroomed p b rial ta Quiet 
road. Very near Parsons Green 
lube 2 dMe beds Lovely recro 
Duung room Pine ku inc all 
machined. £87.960 Inc C ft C 
Vacations 01 -736 9822. 
5MWTMO NW3 Fao pewty 
con 2 bed spllI-levM Man io 
bar- 2 lux fined bedrooms, lux 
filled ui. imraar. balhroom. 
earprfh CH.. oouMe gfating. 
5SIS.OOO. 01^89 0104 5 How- 
tod Estates 

NI Charming Victorian house 
lolly mod rel ong toatwrs. ft 
bednri .large gdn. .con city. 
riO&OOOF . h. rpoconaMeneor 
oilers cofHMerrO lor a ouch 

■ No agrnlft 01-3640629 
Mier 7pm ana weekrrxta 

MClWAn. vmage a swan wak 
Bright newly refurb g bed flat 
In mod p. b. Lux ut a bam. fil- 
led ctatv Fine views. Rmsix 
pnrr for ounth sale. £61.000. 

L ta. C onn tile ft Co *85 1565. 

NO 1 1 MU HU. Superb itluta 2 
bed III on louanroe lux Mork. 1 
min lube. Spectacular views 
M>de Park. Weal Company flat. 
£180.000 L n. Cornlllle ft Co 

01 -486 1666. 

MAN SQUAMC. Soanous. 
newiy mademoea rial in llus 
subUanlul Mock clove u all 
amenUies. Bed. bam. rerep. UI. 
Boner. Pncr cegxoo Park 
Loro ft Co. OI 722 9793. 
ivewiy refurb 1 bed llal within a 
period building. IPSyr He. 
£64.950 Bony SMsittt Good 
01036 2736 


2 bed gmd fir llal m unmnni 
period Use Sole we of Ige gar- 
den £86000 L.h. Oormuir ft 
Co 01-485 1665. 

LITTLE VEMCC WP Fab spill lev . 
el Mart 2 3 beds imac. Con. 

Cl 26.000 Tel. 01 289 0104 A 
Howard EiUH 

■ 5W • New 2 bed split 
level Mah £72.000 W 01-289 
0104.5 Howard tissues 

ganl flat In previnous blork. 
subUanlially rrdured for Ijilirk 
sale by Ametlran owner. 2 Ige 
reep. 2 4bl bdrmv. 1 enstale 
barm 3 Muav. shower room. 
Ul breakfast room, tnaprewir 
entrance, oga , r he. £176,000 
Mo Phone OI 828 2821 

HOLLAND NL Prime tor ?«nn. 
odns. oarers around LB3.COO. 
Haywood 229 16271683 7759. 

lop fli 1 bed flat In qum Ur eel 
Per rm with all ran gav log fire 
plan* ft doors lead mg onto ige 
sin frog roof tm Properly is in 
f»r rond Ihrougfaovu ft would 
make ideal weda-lerre. low 
outgoings Good uvvctinvnii 9T 
yr be. £.102.600 Tel 01-491 
3497. 5 P S >L'K) LU lEtitoe 
nmg 2 bed. 2 roe. 2 hath polio 

llal. wine oetlarH. noodlll gs- 
bo. comm gdmMod 
Ihroughoui Lse 99 yrs. sc. 
£IOO. Price £156000 Reed ft 
LewW. Oi 244 8377 
CMELSCA SW18 Brouuful 3 bed 
11 m on 3rd fir of welt maim vie 
manwn Mock Low oulgouios. 
Lie g97 yrs ♦ share ThW. 
£123.000. Charles Stwd 
01-361 6631 
iv roiav 2 oed rials m tms 
ptoasaail siren wllh arm io 
comm gnu Gav etc rewired 
99 yr Hrs £69.000. each. Reed 
ft Lews 01344 8377 
Lnmodennsfd vmoraan 

lamiuy home on base, and 3 up- 
per floors. L*to ado. £140.000 
F M for quick vale Anthony 
HOI ft Co OI 229 0072 
HOLLAND BARN Spto etoganl 2 
dMe oed rm 1st Door hair flat 
009 IrM. Vkl coni. CfU.950 
736 7026 or 603 614? 

wiwuen house nalino irom urn 
eariv 14in renl Heavily lint 
her rti arrom of unnvaHed 
rfiararlrr. rompcnMig main 
hall, ft rocs, cellar kit. elks. A 
bids, tihrarv . Dbatorrm. gnrk 
gdns. war Oners around 
LI25-VOO hole AqrnK Wake- 
twirl a. Co. 0*73 214876 Open 
Sunday ana 

kaarlv appointed 3 twill in mews 
rcHknie wiin lull iiav CH romp, 
riiml for Al Pru r £59.760 

F (tines t<M7pl 60909 

ddkaw £166.000 r hold. Own 
pos behind dunes lannu open 
rounin-Mde Tel 0254 66909 


la-cmuii imovaled itiwarlrr 
iDlidw. 1 hr SO nuns W>u Cnd. 

2 favime. I ha Harm, open plan 
kiKlaen haunge Beams *4 one 
lirepitoe. fuU eler CH. Secluded 
uarden Parking £44.000 
O3o7 86521 v. kraut me 

CHELTENHAM 7~ rales Choice o( 

3 spacious lux aparts ■ £30 OOO- 
CBO-OCO. m presiaomus 
Jacobean mantuon law- 7 arrrs 
<4 allrarl wlm. win lake S« m 
beautiful rounlrysufe ncgenl 
CM.lle .V/enli. 0242 577966 





I r 














1 ] 









Grade 11 Georgian manor 
house wuh superb rooms A- 
ov er ft acre qrntis. Close good 
Stoliro. Ouravesler lOml-.- 
Fine hall. 4 rerep. refilled 

kll OrkKi ran. 5 herfrm. 4 | 

■Ulhrms 2 lurtoR worms. 1 
nn 2 nd fli 1 40 acre naodork 
Inc Guide price C32G.000. 

County Hse Div. 
(09066) 4342 


HKHOATC MS. J dot DM (tat 
New luk Mock. Lge Lm. Bale . 
Bath, sep wr. low y age Asad. 
Cpt* £79.960 01 444 8750. 


WI4 Meal karphon. lux pern 
how IUI mare. D b. ifllf 
hsnaq room K ft B Owner 
away mutt of the umr Cl 26 
p.w. exrl. Tel 002 1637. 

B B C E NTS PARK, Harley House, 
lop floor, un# urn v lewsof park. 
4 ben rim 13 doles 2*-. 1 balhrms. 

hr 16 Ul. 2 UHrrrom rerep 
Renl £11.65000 Lease. C ft C. 
UK non appliances err for Sale 
670 4703 Sunday eves. 493 
9941 weekdays. 

HAMPTON COUNT. Spanous ele- 
gant flat. 2 dMe. bedrooms. 
2711, rrcePf . rol iv. garden. 
£125 p w. 01 979 2449. 


UHE TO own* a pub laoirl • 
rrslaurain bend lor our tree 
lisl All counlins all oni-es Sul 
IWV ft Partners Counlrv's 
uwnesl licensed propenj agents 
Hoaimemouto 0302 296691. 
Aho al Drrtiy 0332 386656 ft 
L-veler 0395 68317 


al bni,)lli>oidmu m S Hereford, 
b larino. BeuuliiuJ views Mod 
3 bed laid e Bldgs. £62^00 
TO 098 1 540282. 


] NORTH OXON Etonalmooe Ed 
av.ardian Counlrv Hovee 3 
rerros. 7 beds. g.e. CH Farm, 
house kitchen. ADA. 1 air. 
ww-k»iki a, outbuildings. 
£145.000 oho Tel. 0869- 







1 ) 














ICON to £160000 ^ 1338*- 
V- 2nd Income ft mam x 32 
13254. 96m LOOK 909. £ 100ft 
bnetinaral NowSlalta. Reaaalgs 
CamncWms ora SWIO 4QL 

01-351 7474 


Haqn potnl Kigngate. rare pp- 
pon unlly to purrtame a 2 
bedroom freehold llal with own 
oarage In inn pmbgkuM Work 
Large garden. ■uflmmhM noM. 
I rums court. £99.000. No 
•wans- vacoin posaewton. 
Orion) 103941 450886 a 30 
1000 am «r 4.00-TJMPnv 

CALMS WSl Ctoia 10 oonamon. 
Minrthe Victorian bouse send 
«i Ong. lemur os uttofuiiy 
t waomUMti. s beds. 2 mim. 2 
rerep. 18 H Rumen, ronsnvl 
Itov. Mroe cellar. 60 ft gorden. 
or at) tiaiioos and moiorwiy. 
£178.000 flrectioM. TM Ot- 
079 7127. Mian be aron. 

MUSWCLL MU. Vanorltoi. un- 
usually ahaoed leirorrd house. 
2 bed*. 2 rorrpMooa. Urge 

baDtrm. lamrtv kllOven. Qm 

CH. Garden. £56J930 ono. 01 - 

Add 0067 

BA«aiCAN GCEGNeMion «r 8 ms 

for sale an Iff yr leases from 
£56000. Frank Harm ft CD 
Oi 3870077. 

■W V xponous nurntion am 4 
beds, a roeepft 3 oaths, Ul ft 
Ureoktati room- luJty mod. only 
C37CUM0 Tet 01 -854 0514. 

FULHAM Superb detftctiM 
ornund floor res tiudlowun pn- 
vote courtyard, nuw main 
Intng area, teg Rued 

•utrhen. bathroom, bedroom, 
irorarh doom, gas rk. offers 
£1 6000 0. 999 roar - lease. 
PARTUS ft QURK 987 4473.' 

BAKER STKCfMin Ml) Flw. 
hold, utunodernited B S C flats 
In 2 lerrared house,. Oas CH 
Vacanl Oflecs near £440.000 
Freehold Lmrosa Lid. PO Box 
229. London W8 6DA. TM- OI 
602 5554 

5- A nvoto ad ie ro l 
umtor man in superb Georgian 
►rr 5 ntiro walk irom 
Highbury Fields ft lube. Ext 
rantL muM be seen. 2 beds. roc. 
kll. bain, gas Mi. comm gdns 
119 vr He £79.950 Soto 
Aoenls S ft k'. 369 0961. 

■tDftttt PARK W4 

A very unusual ggporiiinKY 

A latoiuamn erode P Vtsied 

detortied house wilh large 

weti garden 4 beds. 2 ban*. 

3 rtrgani lerroumi rooms 

Musi be InspertrQ lo be ap 

predated. Guide pnra* Oilers 

in rseeso ot £360000. 

mw GMacHWooo ft ea 
81-8M 7022 to S mtd t y i 
81-834 8148. 


New Bonn twfMMd 4 db) 
bed semi. One n plan 
Using kitchen diner. self 
ranumpd granny ftol. soon 
raaiure garden, garage, off ti 
parking, "rlosr ammeniues. 
36 mint Cftv ft W too. 

Tsl 01-448 8823L 

ceMion 24 n by loll. 2 beds. kll. 
bath. CH. £66. 500 £82.000 ne 
ootranle Tel. 01 262 3387 
&W12 IMBirflf til LAKE lop 
Itooc 2 bed IIOM CCH O S 
parkmp rani gardens 
£62 OOO OI 6TB EtM tolar 6 
1812 Exceptionally wen-de^ 
stoned and situated spar I bed 
(Ul. CAT -280. OICTS 1340 


DULWICH VH | ABC Centre tea- 
maculate 4 bed Edwarditoa 
Hew. 2 DMMft 2 rerun lined 
kjirheia. many original feaiiires. 
G C H 50 n gdn. Ctl&OOO. 
Ol 274 7279. 

Every monlti The Regwer 
roiaiogvirs hundreds of 
penaa honm lor sale. 

Whether you or buying 
or veiling ronlarL 
n.hOan 0U24 M). 
(89905) 7981r«128. 

COTS WOLDS, Long Common. 2 
torpidly created stone CdHagiK 
Detaroed wllh 3 beds. £75 OOO 
Sonar (tofarhod with 2 beds 
£59.750 Both luiKhed to a 
ttaoh sUmdtod with NHBC war- 
r a rule, Super kalrlsem. Double 

S ages and gardens. cmwcM 
miry Homes Lid tOhOBi 
50680. Phone anylune. 

BftB Ci rest hse 7 bedrms. nor 
naer laiivras- slalioni Del lave. 
Mam liisrrneiA Aberdeen Rd 
£47.000 Tel 03084 261. 

•V 3 yr pxcvidlie tiyto house 
n Award winning Lake SrPe 
OevWopemem Comprasing cWrto 
avpen lounge pining rm * 3rd 
rerep Large lined 

klirtarii b'laslrm L liutv 

duU. 4 lirdrms >1 master 
siuiea 2nd htohrm G C.H 
NHBC 7 ,iwr Del dbto <u 
rage r H S w facing Harden. 
£127.000 0628 7B3861 



■ Firsl rlavs 
roniilrv house, with admretil 
rnlteor. Siluaied oi atlraclrve 
an>l imspotll fouMrvside To toi 
lac a raw si mum of 10 gears 
Hem ■ oners in esresa £4.600 
■nalrs Hexham. 7 males 

UxlMIdue. 20 miles Newratito 
Lpon Tyisn Tel 0325 

8UAXEX, IDTLUC spot s r wing 
larnihse All fAnliliev Tennis. 
>6 mins ira neg 082 585652 


Buying ■ house or an 
HRUUBWI In London tut 
c*ut spare the time and 

Let the mcUM 

Act for you. 

TctophoneuOl) 740 6527 

Ttiex: 807124 

/ ' 

They’re all 
under one roof 
at NatWest 

So if you're looking for a mortgage, 
► bridging loan, insurance cover, a personal 

loan or a budget account, why not step into 
your local NatWest for written details or write to; 
The Home Loans Manager, National Westminster 
Bank PLC Marketing Department, FREEPOST 2, 
London EC2B 2GN, 


The Acton Bank 

Security and insurance nuy b< required. Lojrp sub iret lostAta&andmndAKms 






































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Bnrms. marriages. 

WAM U a line * 15% VAT. 
iminimuni J liimi 

Announcement. auitaui- 

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Annoantrmcms can be re- 
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Court and Social Page an- 
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Mott other classified adier- 
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Can Uiy b in -den upon Ar LORD, 
and nr rtua sustain uiee he Shan 
never utffn llw nghlMio lo Hr 
mm rd 

Psalm 3622 


COUGHTIQE - On 15tlt 
February 1966 lo Douglas 
and Susan men Mllcftrtli 
mhi James Thomas. 

CROSSE - 12th February to 
Peter and Rosemary mee 
Vounqi a daughter habelte 
Marnaiet. a srsier lor Nicola 
\alenlines day at Queen 
Chariot i es Hospital to Fiona 
Hire Lyatlt and Theo. 
daughter (Sarah Juliett. 
sister lor Chloe 
EBERHARDT - On 11th 
February at St. Peter's 
Hospital Chert sev. to 
Managrana mee Sallba) and 
Stephen, a son Chrtslopher 

ELDER - On February 15th. 
1986 to Diana mee Kobm 
son i and Ian. a son. David 
Francis, a brother (or Claire 
EVERETT - to Trisha and 
Toby, a daughter, born on 
14ih February 1986. 
GAYNER - On February istn 
1986 lo Cathy and Richard, 
a son. a birthday present (or 
Im father. 

HEHEAGE - On February 17th 
to Louise tnee Milne) and 
Robert, a son. 

HU1WHEY - On 1 7th February 
1 986 at St Thomas' Hospital. 
London, to Emma tnde 
French) and Charles, a sore 
LEWIS - On 3rd February, lo 
Barbara (nte Grodeckl) and 
Stephen. a daughter 
i Philippa Rhlannon 


OH4AHONY - On the 12th of 
February, lo Philippa tnee 
Shawl and Simon, a son. 
Dominic Alexander. 
PALMER on February 15Ui to 
JacQueUne tnee Rouse) and 
Christopher, a son. Joshua 
Tristram Antony, a brother 
for Henry. 

PEARSON - On February «th 
at St. Luke's Hospital 
Guildford, to Sue inte 
Broofcesi and Henry, a son. 
James william Arthur. 
PORTER On 6th February at 
Wantage, lo Georgina tnee 
HUH wife Of LesUe Porter, a 
daughter Annabel Frances 
Hannah Stoane. a «rr to 
Edward and Alastair. 
SLATER - On 17th February 
at The Wesl Middle*** 
Hospital to Sarah and Mark, 
a daughter Hannah 
Chariot le. both are very well. 
VAULKHARD - On February 
I7ih al Nairobi. Kenya lo 
Lihbv and Tim a son. 
WILSON To Victoria mee Rich- 
ardson) and Anthony, on 
i5ih February 1986. a 
daughter, a seler to Charles 
and Camilla 


ANDREWS On Thursday I Mh 
February, passed away after 
a short illness Frederick wil 
I lam Thomas Andrews 

DFC. aged 71. of 

HusspywcU Crescent. Hayes. 
Bromley. Kml. Will those 
who will miss him please 
nwt al Haves Parish Church 
12 00 noon 24th February 
lor remembrance. 

BARTON On Monday I7ih 
February al Evmdine House. 
Cotwall. Blanche HatL aged 
97. widow of Alan Hastings 
Crossiey and John Feddon 
Barton, beloved mother, 
grandmother and great 
grandmother. Funeral ser- 
vice al the Church of SI. 
Lawrence. w os tore under 

Penyard on Monday 2am 
February at 12 noon. No 
mourning to be worn. Cut 
I towers please lo B. Hawcutl. 
F.D Telephone Ledbury 

BATE on Saturday 15th Feb- 
ruary 1986. peacefully in 
Chelienham Constance Ma- 
bel Frances iMayt. widow of 
Leonard and mother of the 
late Rosemary. beloved 
grandmother of Christopher 
and John, and the devoted 
great grandmother of Joseph 
and Esther Funeral 2 pm 
Thursday 201 h February at 
SI Philip and SI. James' 
Church. Grafton Rd. 
Lerkhampton. Chelienham. 
Cut Dowers to Selim Smith. 
Preslbury Rd.. Chelienham. 
BECK - On February I7ih 
1986. Eh. Hrtnl Bee*, aged 
85 years, the dear father of 
Felix and Jorm Funeral ser 
vice al Kinson Jewish 
Cemetery. Bournemouth on 
Wednesday February 19th al 
3 D m No flowers please Do- 
nat tom for Cancer Research 
may be sent c o Head & 
Whcbte. ia Oxford Road. 
Bournemouth 21190. 
BINDLEY On 16lh February 
peacefully al Cheddon Road 
Hospital. Taunton. Margaret 
EJuabrth iPeggiei Bindley, 
dearly loved wile of the late 
Herbert Dunrombe Bindley. 
Funeral Private memorial 
service on a dale to be an- 
nounced later. Family 
flowers only, but donations 
may be sen) to the Royal Na 
I tonal Institute for the Death. 
February Idih. 1986. at 
Fnmtcv Park Hoswiai. 
Camber k-y. Dr Frank 
Brockmoion. aged 86 years: 
dearly loved husband of Kit 
ly. Private cremation on 
Monday. February 24th. 

5pm. at SI John's Cremalon- 
nni. Woking. Family Dowers 
only, but donations, if dr- 
sirrd. lo Uic Cardiac Tapes 
Appeal, co Eh Boyd. 
Fnmiey Park Hosmlal. 
Camberiey. A Memorial Ser- 
vice will be held later 
COMBEN -On February 8th at 
home in Hereford. Ins 
iBobhtPL. widow of Donald 
A M. mother of joiui and 
Donald Robertson, step- 
mother of Jacuuellnc. 

CROSS - Clara Dunbar, peace- 
fully at her home, on I3tn of 
February 1986. aged 85. 
Donor Clara Cross MD 
MRCP. formerly Consunaiii 
Ptivstdan of St. Martin's hos- 
pital. Bain. Wife of the late 
Roland Cross of llw Cross 
Manufacturing Company 
and mother of the late CaUi 
enne. Mirhae' and Rodney, 
grandmother of Peter. Jane. 
Thomas, Richard. Edward. 
James. Daniel. Hannah, and 
Elmbeih. Funeral sen to* 
3 15pm. on Friday 21 -a of 
February, al sl Pmtip and 
St James. Odd Down. Baih. 
followed by private crema- 
tion. mease no flowers 
- Donations lo The Fnemfc of 
Sl . Martm. MuUamt Rd. Both. 

DALGETY on 13th Fehruarv. 
peacefully al Banipton. 
(Aon. Patrlria. widow of 
Guns and helmed mother of 
Shnla and Tuny, tormerly or 

DARLMGTON on February 
loth, suddenly and peareftd 
iv al his home tn Malvern. 
Worcestershire. Arnold, 
dearly loved husband of Dai- 
sy and brother of Kathleen 
Winter. Funeral private 
DRAFFEN - on February 1 Tilt 
1 986 Colonel C W f Draftee 
D S O . late The Queen's 
Bays. 1st The Queen's Dra 
goon Guards Dearly loved 
husband of Barbie and step- 
father of Rohm. Cremation 
private. No memorial service 
by h» special wsti Please no 

EBERLS On February 16th 
1986. Dr William Felix, in 
hrs 9dlh year, of Slonrgair. 
Sussex and lormerly of Lu- 
lon and Tenter dm. Beloved 
father, grandfather and great 
grandfather. Funeral al 
Slonrudle nodal • Wednes- 
day February I9ih. at 3 pm 
Family (lowers lo C. 
Waterhouse A Sons. High 
Street. Burwash. EMI 

FIELD - On i6Ui February 
pearrfuHv at his home, after 
a very brave light against 
rawer. Dr. Donna Field, 
aged 42. dearly loved 
husband of Barbara and 
father of Kenneth and Colin. 
Will be sadly ndssed by' lus 
close family and friends, and 
the geological community 
worldwide. Funeral service 
at SI. Giles Church. Wesl 
Brtdgford on Friday 21st 
February al 2pm. rollowed 
bv inirrmcfil al wnrord HID 
Cemetary Please, no flowers 
bv recj west but donations, if 
desired, lo St. Giles Church 
PCC r o A.W. Lymn. 
Robinhood House. 

Robin hood Street. 

Nottingham to whom all 
enquiries should be made. 
FTTZHERBERT on I71h Febru 
arv 1986 at Swansea. Joan, 
rtdest daughter of the late 
Godfrey White and Anna Ra 
rlKW Filzherberl. 
arv 15th in his 85Ih year, 
suddenly tn ha Sussex gar 
den. Charles Graham-Divon 
QC- beloved husband of Ihe 
tale Dorothy Graham-Dixon. 
father of Michael and Antho- 
iiv . grandfather of Francis, 
v anev-a. Claudia. Andrew 
and Elizabeth and great 
orandlalher of Freddie and 
Charles Pnv ale funeral Fn 
dm February 2 1 sl. Cut 
flowers to F Bnnkhurst and 
Sou. Ho me lea. Lingileid 
Road. East Gnnsiead. Memo- 
rial sen ire in London later. 
GRtSEWOOD - On 17th 
February peacefully at 
Glasgow Royal Infirmary 
Gabriel Thomas Gris* wood 
Much kned husband of 
Olive, brother of Harman 
and father of Daniel. Alan. 
Marv Anne. Beniamin and 

HAMMETT - Elsie Schofield 
aoed 88 years Peacefully al 
home beloved of Fred. Kay. 
Clare and Emma. Cremation 
al II a.m. Tonbridge Wells 
on Tuesday 25th February 
Funeral arrangements 

R Jarva. Horam <04363i 

HARRIS On February 17th 
1986. peacefully al home. 
Nancy Margaret, aged 81. 
w idow of W M iDtcki Harris, 
of W'aicombe Manor. 
W'allmgton Funeral Friday 
Feb 2lsi. at Oxford Cremaio- 
num al 1 . 00 pm 
KICKS. Suddenly on February 
ldih. Miss Hilda Ruth Hicks, 
principle of Greenfield 
School. Woking. Co-founder 
of me Ockenden venture. 
Funeral Christ Church. 
Woking Wednesday 26th 
February at 10.30am. oiler 
wards at Greenfield Senior 
School. Family flowers only. 
Donations lo Greenfield 
School or The Orkmdrn 

HIGGJNSON - on February 
17lh 1986. Christine (Tina) 
Or Fontaine, widow of Ml- 
rhael Higginson and dearly 
loved mother of Hugh and 
Anna. Funeral Service 
Slock bridge Church. Hants, 
on Friday. February 2lst al 
2 pm. Family flowers only. 
Donations if desired lo Jmpe 
rial Cancer Research Fund 
may be senl lo A H. Cheater. 
Funeral Di r ector * . Rotnsey 
KEEVIL - Kenneth on 14th 
February peacefully m 
hospital after a stroke. 
Service al Guildford 
Crematorium at It .OOam on 
Friday 21si February. 
Donations. If desired, lo 
Sisier Appasamy. Holly 
Ward. Milford Hospital. 

17lh February aged 90 at 
Oiai. California. 

LEADER On February 17Ui 
1986. peacefully at Newmar- 
ket General Hospital. Aubrey 
Maurice, aged 79 years, of 
II Fairtawns. Newmarket. 
Dearly loved rather of Mary- 
Jane. Funeral service lakes 
place Thursday. February 
20th at Exmng Parish 
Church al 4pm. followed by 
cremation al Cambridge. No 
Rowers by request, but dona- 
tions if wished for 
Ncwmarkei Hospital League 
of Friends, may be senl c. o 
F Hammond 6 Son. Queens- 
berry Road. Newmarket. 

LONG On Monday February 
17th 1986. peacefully al 
home. Belinda Catherine 
Marguerite, aged 18; adored 
daughter of Jill Peirse and 
Anthony Long, beloved sister 
of Nicholas and much loved 
siepdaughler of Dirk Peirse 
and slep-sisler of Amanda. 
Susie and Richard. Funeral 
Serv ice at Si. Philips Church. 
Earfs Court Road. London. 
W.8 on Friday 21sl February 
1986 al 1 p.m.. followed by 
private cremation. Family 
flowers only, but donations M 
wished, lo Imperial Cancer 
Research Fund. Lincolns Inn 
Fields. W C.2. 

LOUSA P A On February ldih. 
Jack Claude i Johnny l died 
peacefully Dearly loved hus- 
band of Jackie and father of 
Alexandra. Cremation at the 
East Chapel. Odder* Green 
Crematorium on Thursday, 
the 20Ui of February at 
1 1 SO a.ra Family and close 
friends. Flowers to the 


LUNDY On 15th February 
peacefully In her sleep al 
home. Gertrude Helen, aged 
BO. dearly loved mother or 
Clive and grandmother of Sa- 
rah Funeral serv ice at 
Putney Vale Cemetery. 
SW 1 8. on Monday 24th Feb- 
ruary at II 15 am 
Cnaulnes. Kenyans. 834 

LXJPTDN - On I6th February, 
pear el ullv. at Camberlev. 
Hilda f'Lotue'i Luplon C8E 
aged 87. Funeral serv I re at 
All Samis Fulham. 11. OOam 
Monday 24th February, 
followed by cremation at 
Putney Vale. Enquiries to 
Caniberley and Dtsfnrl 
Funeral Sen irrs i Camberiey 
33241). Family (lowers only: 
donations, if desired. 10 Save 
The Children Fund 
LUFTON on Sunday Febru- 
ary 16th 1986. peacefully m 
Camberiey. Hilda (Let he) 
agrd 87 years. Funeral ser- 
vice on Monday. February 
24th. 1 tarn, al Ail Saints 
Churrh. Fulham, followed 
hy crrmalwn al Pulney Vale 
Crematorium. All email Ties 
to Camberiey A Chstnet Fu- 
neral Service Ltd- Tel: 
Camberiey 33241. 

MALIM On 15th February, 
peace fully aged 77. AnUionv 
(Codr RN retired) formerly oi 
Mayfield. Sussex Moved 
husband of the tale Pamela 
and fa! her of Philllpa and 
Nicholas Service 

Poiirncstnr Crematorium. 
Friday. 21 W February at 
130 pm Flowers may be 
sent to M Goghldn Ltd. 
Wcstbun 1 Road. Foreham. 
ary 17th peacefully 
Gwendoline May mee 
Wank I in i aged as. widow of 
Reverend John Mary on Wil- 
son, Great Canfield. 
Dunroow. runem at Great 

Canfield Church 1 1 30am on 
Saturday 22nd February 
Donations if desired to the SI 
Ft and* Nunmg Home 
flocking. Braintree. Essex 
February, peacefully at her 
home at Ludlow. Dorothy 
Maria, much kned stsler of 
Vera Sandars. Funeral al SL 
Peters Churrh. Ludlow al 
2.30 pm on Fridas- 2lst Fcb- 
ruars followed by bunef al 
BromficM. Family dowers 
Only please. Donations if de 
sired lo The Lillie Sisters Of 
The Poor. Park field Avenue. 
Birkenhead. Nr. Liverpool. 
MOODY. Alexis J B 
■ Alexi Much kned and devof 
ed husband of Barbara 
iBartnei nee Harvey of 
Shanlev Green. Beloved fa- 
ther of the tale Graham and 
Angela Master! on Smith and 
grandfather of Peter and Ju- 
ne Alter a long nines* al 
Moiml Atvenua Hospital. 
Guildford Funeral sen ice 
on Friday 2 1 st February 
1986 al Chris! Church. 
Shanlev Green al 3 15pm. 
followed by pnv ale crema- 
tion Family flowers only 
please, donations if desired lo 
Mount Alv era la Hospital. 
NEWMAN On Uie 151h of Feb- 
ruary. peacefully in hospital. 
Julia May Newman, aged 93 
years, of Corner Collage. 
Lower Wool*! one. Funeral 
Friday, the 2i«a of February 
Sen Ke at Wootstone Churrh 
l0.5Oam. rollowed by tnlcr- 
meni al All Saints Ch urch . 
Leigh. Enquires 0793 22797. 
NOBLE peacefully al home. 
Glasgow, on Saturday 15th 
February 1986. Ethel Noble, 
dearly kned wife of the tale 
Sir William Noble and very 
dear friend of Lilly Andersen 
and i amity 
PROCTER - On 15th February 
1986 after a short nines*. 
Rosalie Emma Ruth, 
daughter of the tale LI. Col. 
w.E. Wingfield.- DSO. 

R A., and Mrs Wingfield, 
beloved aunt and greai-aunl. 
Funeral serv ice on Saturday 
22nd February at Sl. 
Saviours Churrh. Si. 
George’s Sauare. S.W.l. al 
10.3Oam followed by 
cremation at Gower's Green 
West Chapel at 12 noon. 
Family flo wen only, bul 
donations, if desired, to 
British Heart Foundation or 
Westminster Theatre 

Memorial Trust 
RICHARDS - On 13lh Febru- 
ary . suddenly at Utile Yarn*. 
Singleton. Lorna Oorgetle 
Hamilton, toicd mother of 
Muff and grandmother of 
Harried. Edward and Vic- 
lona Funeral service. 
Tangmerc Church on Mon- 
day. 24th Feb al 3 30 pm. 
followed by cremation 
Flowers lo Edward While & 
Son. 5 South Paltanl. Chirh 
esler. Tel: (0243) 782136 
SCHUCH on February 16U1 
peacefully al King Edward 
V II Hospital. Midhursi. Joyce 
Chnstabel Moore Schlich 
aged 82. widow of W H. 
Schlich and mother of Sle- 
phen and Robin Funeral al 2 
pm. Friday February 2lsl al 
Brookwood Cemdery lot 
lowed by Service of 
Remembrance at St. Ste- 
phens Church. Shotiermill. 
Hazlemere at 3pm. No flow 
ers. bul donations to Cancer 

SCHNABEL- On January 261 E. 
1986. Ernst Schnabel in Ms 
home m Berlin: in his 73rd 
year Father of Connna 
SrhnabeL London. and 
Beilina Schnabel • Rogteky. 

SIMONS - On February 13th 
1986 after a shori illness. 
Professor Harold A3. 
Simons. Funeral service al 
the Sl. Marylebone 
Crematorium. Finchley. 
London N2 on February 
?Slli al 200pm. No flowers 
but donations, if desired, lo 
The Save The Children 

SMTTH-SPARN on 12lh Febru 
ary 1986 suddenly at home. 
Henry Gerald. Funeral ser- 
vice on Friday 2tst February 
1986 al Sl. Mary's Church. 
Harrow on Ihe Hill at 3.00 
pm followed by cremation at 
Gout res Green Crematorium 
at 4 20 pm. Enquiries to J A. 
Massey & Sons al 16-18 
Lowlands Rd. Harrow. Tel 
01-422 1688. 

STEWART - Robert Dickson 
on February lllh. Former 
pupil and member of Ihe stair 
of Bedford School. Funeral 
look piare privately. 
SYCAMORE on February 17 
1986 suddenly al home. 
Thomas Andrew Harding 
CBE aged 78 years of west- 
field. hear Hastings. Sussex- 
Beloved husband of Wini- 
fred. much loved father of 
Diana. Adrian and Linda and 
Grandfather. Funeral service 
C* Johns Churrh. Westfield, 
on Monday February 24 at 
2.15 p.m. followed by crema 
non. Family flowere only 
please but donations If de 
sired for Guide Dogs For The 
Blind may be sent to A C 
Towner Ltd.. Funeral Direc- 
tors. 2-8 Norman Rd.. SI 
Leonards On Sea. East 

THOMSON Nancy aged 62. 
peacefully at home 20 
Cleaves Drive. Wokingham. 
Friday 14th February. For- 
merly of Paddock Vicarage. 
Huddersfield- dearly loved 
wife of Father Cyril beloved 
mother of Paul and John. Re- 
ception Into Shrine Church 
of our Lady Tuesday 25lh 
February 4.00nm Funeral 
Mass there al midday 
Wednesday 26th. Interment 
at St Mary's walslngham. 
Donations in lieu of Rowers 
to Ihe Bursar for SI Joseph's 
Wing Tor Ihe SKk and Handi- 
capped al Hie Shrine. This 
the only taitrmauon JESU 
WEEDON On 16Ui February 
peacefully at home. Clifford 
Frank Weedon FOS. DSM of 
Lav ant Down, West Sussex, 
formerly of South Woodford 
A Chnshan. Essex. Beloved 
husband and dear friend of 
Win i nee Bail) father and 
much loved grandfather of 
Christopher. Naomi and 

Rosemary and then- families. 
Service al West Stoke 
Church Funtlngton. Chiches- 
ter at 12.15 pm on Friday 
21st February, followed by 
pnvale cremation. Flowers 
lo Holland and Sons. Ju b ile e 
Road. Chichester. AO friends 
welcome at Church. 

WWRAM On 16lh February 
1986. Poppy, beloved wife of 
Neville. Lord Wigram. Fu- 
neral private. 

YOtMO - On February 16th. 
Mary Brigtd YoungiDr Mary 
Wallar pi dearly kned wire of 
Grafiame and mother of Pat- 
rick and Anna Mary. 
Peacefully and with dtnniiy 
after an illness borne with 
courage. Requiem Mass at St 
Joseph's Churrh. 

Rochompton at 10 a.m. an 
Friday 21sl February fol 
lowed by private Burial at 
Blrse m Sr <X land. No Flow- 
ers but donations may be 
sent Instead lo The Royal 
Marsdrn Hospital Cancer 
Fund. London SW3. 






Young nun (R Cl who etc 
fiwi j li -mw « UMItlana ohm* 
llw Pimiimii «Kl or Ihe Rr 
Immiw Lilf -up mi uea to lake 
inn m a al AINliqinn 
(Mir. MaHtvIaiie. Krill. 2oth 
Sfflli Maitli 19Mb iHOiV 

Vine* i iMaihfinmfhPVorrt 

Inm mnrr. llic U.KC Itww, 
.viuimmi c -wile. iidiMonr. 
krill Ml. 16 Ot v 

wiai Hi Hrumni Kraubjiiv 
nuiril and pktVril Cl .000 T 
01 04H 1046 

| uaimuonHnhvnunm 

Mndmi *4v lino, lunecl reqirtn 
in rVTtlriil (diMilum Cl MOO 
nno snunouridi 90560 243 

LnxMn'v iradma vmilnl 

new- Ml ri-Mmrd putiOv ler llie 
UiikwI qniume vtntmn uvad 
30a HiatnkHc Rd. NWS 
01 %7 7a71 Fire fjt.llowir 
PIANO 711 Bmv 
Knsnvm HW. rovewaan. mrr 
lour. V GC. irguMriv tuned 
Cl. 600 Qvlord: lOBOii 

981 1 17. 

■md irionddiiMicd. tkulrll 41 
■ wnuMoHirn JObBliatilan 
Rd . b.ft nvdon Ol 0683613 
EWNEVMLfUt idv wood met 
•Juno, upnqht Mush ion's Pi 
am CMOO 01 8To ICNO 


kmuMm Call.s.Sam swna. 
III. CoHtmdMni Apts. OI 373 

simH 3 nrd. s r PM nw 
Park. Maul met. 573 6306 

Ak vuu i Kjcofr nira n stumn 
nei iflin it am 7 a x> Ctnobreixa 
meov vou D 9 wets Q leicti gxns. 
311s wtner aibnc ncan St wnei 
Cano QmfiK ndudr Fin iflyn 
upa FierMM.psod nonrrHduo 
lo G necks no* «nr km b 

Camp America, 
Dept TT13 
37, Queens Gate, 
London SW7 
or call 01-581 2378 




A Memorial Serv Ire for U 
Col. Kenneth CatiUic will be 
ReM al Sl. Michaels Church. 
Cnesier Square. London 
SWt on Wednesday 26th 
February >986 al 12 noon. 

BIHKM A Memorial Service 
lor Ihe Ufe Of Air 
Gomnvadon* J M. Ebrkln. 
AFC. AE-. DL.M A. will 
be held at Sl Clement Danes 
Church, at 12 noon, on Fri 
day 2lsl February. 


. tain of March. 
1922 l9Ui February. 1983 
TALMA In i"«“ -wa 
oniav Of Ellen Maud iNelll 
. hen* 109 w-n-. on i«“v. M 
Ski I Hnuiv 1977 Ml 


W coping Lor luv 1 bed-fll with 
Pima A root Mn Cl 12 000 
TrfStoS lOSooflri 7pm WUw 
MAIOA VALE NS Charrr of 3 
new lux IUI-. iron CS8.2GO 
Tri 01 289 0104 5 Howard 


HEART b HEART. Todays way 
of merbng Confldrniul inlro 
ductwms (nraaghout LK far 
Companionship. rriendsimi. 
klamaqe Heart M Heart. 32 
London Rd. Twirkenham. 
Middx Ot 892 SOfil 
CAUBHE CV-S professionally 
written and proaured 
rumndum vnae Mrumnib. 
Details 01 580 2959 
FIBEimmP. Love or M»naae 
All ages, areas Dafelme. Dew 
i7XTi 23 AbtnadKi Road. Lon 
don W8 Tel- Ot 938 1011 
rxramq seorrh for your Anres- 
lorv Send lor free 6> or Pure and 
dew Os of rasv monlhlv lenrn 
Windsor Anrrslrv Researrh 
«TT CTri Freeposl. 973 
Windsor. Berks SL4 3BR. Tel: 
107531 867(81. 


ANTIQUES require 
rod lap a pedestal desks, nook- 
eases. laotm. rhairv Irg 
wardrobes, rtiesn. tnriurrs clr. 
OI 686 0148 or OI 228 2716 



Massive storks of woof bfend- 
«1 Berbers Irom U4S t 
VAT Plus many urgams hi 
room sires In aU qualities. 


Td: 01-876 2089 

Free rslmiaie Cgrrl fUlmg. 

* OR * 

* HflE FTOU £1fi m * 

* with option ro * 



ivmanv- Wren. nwi. 

Tri OI 935 8682 
Arlillm Piare STIR 
Tel OI 864 4517. 

chairs, beds, rnesls. shelves. 
drsiD,. eir. Phone for Treskes 
dedmeiKe roMHogur 0846 

BAIN 6 Iool and basin < 1928 an 
deroi LvHlrnl randman Of 
Ins urftnine 01 S80 6474 no 
am Spun 

1U14 19851 Give 
someone an onamal issue, aal 
eii the vervdav thev were horn 
Cl 2 50. or 2 lor C22 00. plus 
free I 86 OV Tones & qrerlmos 
C.Hd Tel 01 486 6706 
0492 33146. 

FINEST auaiuv wool carpets At 
■rode Denes and under, also 
aiatuelr ICCs eslra. Large 
roam sue rrmnanls unrtn lull 

noiTiiaipnre auurrrv Cat pMs 
Ot 406 0453 

ratmi mow ■ Tickets unh ever 
Ulne enferLunmrffil sldl 
aSHdahlp lor parlies a< set 

mare From Cl 50 pet head. 
Further infmmaliaii. run OI 
761 3340 i of fire houisi 
vsr tun p IKM6 lor Ihrsr ami all 

Ihealre and soerfs Tel. 631 
3710. oJ7 ins Ail nvnor 
rrrilil rants 

THE TIMES Original rwurs 1R45 
1QB6 OUviq titles atari Fund 

hound reads lor oresenuaioti 
also -TSiindavs- VI240 mrl 
Remember When OI 688 6323 
•SC British Open Con 
Turnhem Bed A Break Iasi At 
rpmmodalion neartn . Trf : 

0204 696113 

EATIBHMM Anv mmu inr 
(als. CovriH Gdn -Oarhgtil I.xp 
OI 82B 1678 MoMH ererlil 

r iirds 

T1C1UTS fix- .im- rveni. Can. 

Marhuhf Lswress. 42nd Si All 
Ihealre and marls, 821 Mlb 
IM A A f V 

etc fan >on hus rheapef.' B k 
6 Lid Ol 229 1947 8408 



■irons. Luxury 
pc el house flat lo share wiUi re 
tired gentlrmiH. Own bedroom 
tl 20 pw Inc Phone Ol 589 

CLAPHAM 9 girts to snare large 
room m modern flat Os n ham 
room Mod. decor hear lo B 
US p p w. Tel Ol 238 6636 

TWO QNLI lo shore real I c suorr 
Chelsea house. Ol 361 6732. 

PLEASE HELP The National Be 
netolenl Fund lor Ihe Agrd lo 
pros ute -lens' mortunrs far Ihe 
relief of pain in rondlliaits like 
arim-ib* UO bays a machine 
Donalions please lo me Vk 
r mini Tonv Pandy. Chatrman 
NBF4 35. Newport 51. London. 

nth OUw fo r merly 
Tiesaman is now al Qulma de 
Betulnfe. baida Barbara de 
Nexlr. iP O Bos 171. a 
Taro. Ahane. Porlugal. and 
looks i or warn lo forward lo 
hearing uom all Ihose who en. 
■oven M Mdwts in her day 
ONHAMS Monlnelier M odern 
Ail Courses. See (duration. 

mi Prof M F. O R Lux lyse 
G6Qpw escl. 6004110 >D A D 


gratulalions on your 21 sl 
Birthday love and best wish- 
es Mum Dad and Stephen. 

rely? Lei us find Ihe flat house 
for you. Phone Coll Ol 789 
9481 . 

Ground floor rial in writ 
serviced secure p b Mark, 
beds. one rrrpl. new 
Allrmhna NtFF kitchen, hath 
room, carpet rd ihrougnoul 
6 Chorqr L1800.G Rent L2O0 
p a Lease 74 yearn Pnrr 

Cl 80.000 lor prompt sale. Cad 
Owner Trl Ol 430 5728 <af 
Urn 01 235 6H33 .home l 
FULHAM Newly deroraled hrtgM 
rlean 2 bedrm Hal CH. I hint 
mansion Mork esrrllenl amenl 
Im. C77.500. OI 831 8971 ex 
156 H 731 0653. 

W ES T WI STER SWL Quel 2nd 
Ikmr 1 bed rial, close all araem 
lies Gdn oullook. GCH. low 

oulgoimn Ol 828 27 SO 
0732 883643 

CLAP H AM superb obi rm with 
bam in loveiv hotse for prof ns 

female Lse of dnlrwmorr. im 
rinw-aveana washing mar hi nr 
CH 6 mins lube C60 pw Ol 

228 4204 

OCKLAW15 Wapplng Lux 
llalshr. aH ammrn. Sud prof, 
nose lube CbO pw Cap Jell 
242 5646; 480 6605 oiler 
p m. 

NIB Prof, person 24e n v snore 
v sponous CH garden flal w ilh 
one other own nr cKH room, ris 
pubbr Irairsport C48 pw. Esc I 
Phone 806 80*12 afire 7pm 
UHL TWO BE DM TT CI t S . firih- 
l urn Kned. inr cooking focihlH-s 
a mins Ctaphom junruon Full 
g.n rh C37 C32 pw Reis is 
senlial Trl Ol 223 £901 
WANTED NOW Girt 28- la share 
[ai qe rial m Ear r* Coutl 5 irons 
from underground C55o w ex 
rfuuxe Please rontart CMhv on 
dav 229 2367 home 373 IS77 
■LACHHEATH prof F. n s 
rent grad pref. own room. ch. 
shared mooonnelie C 1 70 pern 
me I 01 058 5232 Oiler 6pm 
HELSCA BW3 O R m lovely 
house young irraalr N & pir- 
I erred CBO pw 409 2106 or 
362 3961 oiler 6pm. 
plalform bed. CH Lux rial, gdn 
LAS pw mrl plus ret ulna Mr de 
posil Tel- 01-622 6409 
FEATMATEB Sriertive Sharing 
Well eslah inlrodurforv sen Hf 
Phe Id for oppl. 01 589 5491 
315 Broroplon Rood. 5W3 
OLOCRS GREEN Room lo suit 2 
friends in sponous flal C500 
per month. Tel; Ol 200 0592 
SE13 r ullv furnished dtne room 
inh*e Shared locdllies Close ra 
all araetnlies CIBOprra * lulls 
Trl; Ol 852 7594 iLvri. 

MHT CAR OWNER he- brdsil for 
one M W2 Wilh garage, eh, 

own balh and we. use of kit 
C76pw me 01 2e2 9691 
SW3 Young prMess«onal male lo 
share Oirlsea Hal C4fi pw n 
elusive Quiet. Irify non smoker 
preferred Tri Ol 362 2952 
EMPORARV Fla [sharp 2 lsi Mar 
lor 1 month Cork Court O 
C40 PW me 01211 8337 
work, or 01 570 4789 ihomei 
Wli Profesmonol M F 25* lo 
share newly ramrrled luxury 
Hal. Close Tune CTO pw 
EIHwtHih Ol 588 4010 iwortvl 
WANTED! o R in Minglon area 
bv I'Dung iv Jj pm | Male 
J Mel tor 638 3688 iWl 607 
8963 IHI 

WEST KEH. Prof m f. n «. t 
I jk flal. an mad earn. I min 
lube. £157 p rm end Trl 01 
003 2790 4 Her 645 pm 
RELS1ZE PK, prof F. n s.a r. m 
Igr 3 bed Rt. CH. WM rir C1B5 
pem Duncan 437 0141 \210 
C HI SWICK W4. Lux 00L s pool, 
adns. 3 to r. dbl coo p w. sgl 
CBO pw mrt Ol 994 2117 
CARLSFKLD 2nd person N S F 
lo share romrortaMe C ■ H flat 
O P £130 pern exrl 870-2547 
NIB Large- O R m gardm flaL 
GCH. rime tra n sport Sort prof. 
C40 pw Trl. 802-6585 eves 
ISO's! n v tfMe bed 
In hse m Gardm 5a 36 mUb 
£45 pw Rid. Ol 221 7665. 

SW2. Prof M. to share hugp 
house. O R. £125 pem Ptfl 
Rets rasenual 671-3736 eves. 
SW7. 2 prof F males la share rm 
tn CH flal C155orm each . 
bUK Tri 584 1181 aller 6pm. 
SW17 PrM Male, ns Or. 
Shared hse. Nr Tooling Bed way 
lube £36pw Tri 01-4160626. 

KEEN Prof F. N 9 
21* lo shore C H hse £166 
pem excl. 996-6896 Oiler 7pm 
W5 M f o r lo stir m Ige m 
doe all irons C60 p w uwl 
01-243 I7B5 

WJL Two lo shore «. Ige roam. 
Lux RM. C42pw each Tel 509 
4588 <dayi 603 7858 fevesi. 

WS. easy small rm far n s m r 
Man Thur C40 p-w. inr Ol 402 
0862. Ofl 4.30 p.m 
MffM PK. area exc ramp furn 2 
hed hse gdn A poho. mod kd. 
hex both Oo Lei essen lo regu 
ClbO p.w. Ol 870 4886 
Room in ginri house 
C|4Q per manlh 01352 0720. 


SuHrrb inlenar designed 
rial conscshng of 2 bed 
rooms. 2 balhraams. 
doufrie creep Iron roam, fit 
led kilehen Housekeeper 
included Available up lo 
3 mllM Cl .200pw 

Newly deroraled 1st floor 
flal 3 bedrooms, large re 
regl Ion room dunngarea. 
halhroom 4 shown- 
room fidl> lined kllrhen 


OI 837 MM 

1 1 bed flat nr 

luhe with Nfl. porter a vidro 
enlrv phone. Lang Co In 
L16S dw 

spacious 3 bed (Ml nr lube 
Lmge rerrp wrth long bav 
wmdows. kil w deter, bout. 
< id ro rnlr> phone A res DOC 
I oi Long ro.M C295 pw 


Mr IMVPUHUprro wfrniofi of 
fiersunaUv mspceled fur 
neJied and unfurnished 
prnpmies in nianv l me Dm 
rinilkd disfrwtv ranqmg 
Irmn LI 60 pw lo C24M0pw 

Tel: 01-486 6926 


A IMH Oiuurv lealMd I in m 
luar inrluduHi Tinman. Arthur 
Brril Tdthmarsli A Gnortwiu 
C2 million suuks inr inimediale 
Urinen Nrillebed. IHVU 
Hnitev i049ri 041 IIS. 
B m ii nemmilh <030?' 293580. 
Topslum >0392871 T443. 
Bnkefev. OHN- '04631 BJQ952 

Tenants Landlords rente 
lo us H vim are lefiing or 
w.iniinu UOM pfonertv m 
STC-VD or smidat areas. 
Phvne fdH lev now Rent 
CISOpw C800 pw 

01-7J4 7433 

I Supati 2-faedraan flat n pres- 

| tipous biotic upp. HanodL 
“ i tntad to the ta§hea man. 

Is Mod sernea and 24hf. 
I milage, toalttte nn far 
[Co to. £325 pw Contact 
tasamSY Uuilu. 



Chonwimi 3 a Bed ramson 
rile in Ihneurileiit kv aliens 
With luxury fiffril Mr hen. 
Dl owing im Dining rm . 2 
baths. caooLnn. 3 an 
Nfudv 4lh Bril. £550 Dw 

01-486 5991 

KNMMT38RIDGC. Wand new in 
•rr igr rh— igtird 2 bed fldf. Rcrm 
wun km* windows onto Hark, 
supei lofne 111 . both A sig WC 
Reg hausekeeper Go M. 1350 
pw Goddard A Umrlh Ol 930 


SraiBtrfs Se l ec ti on Tiiparfi Sr l wtiu* 

of 2 bedroom prop e r tied 3/4 bedroom properties 
Wcitgaic Terr SWIft£200 Draywn Gdos 

pw SWIO. £395pw 

Vicarage Gate W&£22Spw Abingdon Crt W3£500 pw 
Harcoun Terr Abbotsbuiy Rd 

Swift £235pw W14: £550pw 

Dray con PI SW3: £275pw OmJow Gdos 

RcddincSqSWIft£325pw SW7: £550pw 

Crantey Cdns Bedfiwi Gdns W8f600pw 

SW7; G25pw MariborOogb Sl SW3SEb00 

Chcsbam St SWI:£450pw Pfaiilimorc PI W&£700pw 

01 352 8111 - . 


The Letting Agent 


Totally New ihrouqhmd IS 
Hits smcious wm detorhed 
home, the orcoraodafoa 

4 5 double bed r oom*, large 
hung dining room. 2 both 

roams and brand new filled 
kllrhen. Aiolillr immnU 
olelv. partly lu-nhhed. _ 
£450 a week There is Ihe 
bonus of a mature rear gar 
ben and aouwe oarage. 
Cnram ny tenancy reowred. 

01-794 1125 


Bed SUi II flat o tooting rh er. 
RPCCp Wdn fulr kAB Gpe. 
hfl. porterage C 1 SO incl 
CH am 

KM 7314. 

W. 14. 3-a Bed fwe. <lbfr 
rm*. kd dm. balh. w 
CH CHW G200pw 
M2 2428 

MAYFAIR. 3rd A 4ih fl nub 
in prrinpovn Mk. 2 ante beds. 
2 barn*, rerep dm rm. (age 
Ml. £600 pw. InrtCH CHW. 
Go's only. 

MA^ fair office 
493 8889 



A superb 3rd floor flat m ihn 
ptesluitom block. SIlualed m 
■he heart of kmgMsImdqr 2 
bedims. Baibrm. shower rm 
Lie rrrrp- well equip Ml. Incl 
CH CHW LH1. Porter. 1 2 
yn CSOO pw 

rente** court sm 

loop HOfrOdsI Newly irtui 
bribed Pfnlhouv- flat in 
poputai Morn 2 beds. baui. 
rrrep wiih Dnung atriL Sep 
noakrm. ku wtm aU ma 
rmnes (nn of CH chw. 6 
man - C32S pw 

Anramve 1st near rial rhne 
brits. OMh. ige rerep. modern 
Ml. flnakrra. Lse at tig gar 
dens. Lift and Porter 1 2 
years. £400 pw. 

01 235 9641 


UmbI 3T Studio. 2nd Boor. 
Jacuzzi mi buhroom. Kncbn. 
WM. AnaiL no* UL CI2S m«. 
PIMLICO SWl Band new pres, 
rj one bed flat Jed Floor. Modem 
fern. WM. Immacuiaic coocb- 
uoo. Avail now. LA. £123 an. 
6th floor Bat m wetl ran block 
Brand new fora It decor. CH 
CHW met 2 dbic bcdnnrm. Por- 
ter. Lift. Avail now LA £323 p.w 

Tins ojMi scfcrtioo of oar 
properties. Please jive ns a call 
because can help you m yam 
scare* for a home m London. 
JBtj Anderson orJutri WWm 
•1-344 7441 
•4 DM Braaufm Brad 


AnractncfbtmNewclovfriop. i 
dta Bod laoop. K & Bl Avnd 
Now. B-12 mths. Co. tot £190 

Chwumg House 1 dtHe. mi 
B ud. recap, kn/ren area. Bam 
Sop WC. Aval now. 5-12 mtha 
Co NL F3sn n w 

225 0433 

Mmaculair flat In aubriW 
ami Mrauon. Drawing 
room rworklnp Dmlactx 
Okung nn. 2 brand. U5 
style ML bollim. gdn. 
£3E0pw. 81 727 7227. 

(Hied Ml + tuning area. 3 
Mm. 2 Mthnro. Anil 
furn. tmfum + excl car- 
pet* + ctaioML Gdn. Sole 
AgnL £400pw. 

01 722 71*1. 

EK rfcnl nouto tn moM 
attractive aUweL Smartly 
dec + turn Pecra. F F rat- 
io ML 3 bedrm*. 2 
b o thrm*. cm. age- gdn. 
CSEOpw. 01 225 1*72. 

r 3 y Anscombe 
K i ! J & Ring land 

Residential Letfings 


offer an exce P e nt letung 
and managment service 
al IZVrOb and require 
prooertMs In 

Km^dsbrhSge. Belgra- 
via and Mayfair lo let to 
companies cumnlty 
looking for flat* and 
houses in Rds 



2 beds. 2 bath*, targe recep. 

luxury lumUhed. £380 pw 

luxury nu. 3 bed*. 2 both*, 
large re c ep U on. nurd Mtch- 
n £460 pw 

01-223 8111 

britroorned priilhouve. mmu lev 
walk aw-av (ram etly .reepl. 
dnung loom. 2 bamrootm. 
balcontev. parkina fantUies. p*i 
Mock wilh Ml and entryphone 
£326 p.w 01 -430 1690. 

■jrnd fir flal in well matufamed 
period In*. 2 dblc brilrnn. 
iiikiIiI i re cp. mad weH equipped 
kil. balhrm. qdn. Co V a 
amnvvf- C175aw. Around 
Town 01 229 9966. 


lei. newly derorMrif IM. 
Lounge, one bed. haUi en sidle. 
Cl 50 per week. Gompany 
preferrea. Avadabte now Ol 
935 4797. 


Lrgpiifly require (lots A homes 
in t crural Lo n do n from C 1 50 lo 
£2.000 pw Please call Soils 
Owen or Lorraine Campbi-U on 
Ot 937 9684. 

and exerulises urgently seek 
qua Mi proper Lies tn all reMral 
and west London areas For 
prompt aUenUan please ring Ol 

938 3425 

Hampton & Sons 



I nsL snsr. na swna im desani w sfc aad w m awt] 

Hren Nock wM W md Ponrage 2 WMnnM 
tasSBi m bMm| 1 


6 AiBogtoa StaaL Laariox. LI.tTlt BI-993 *2222 

luv i tfflfe bedr I ML newfi dec 
large kitrh nteakfasl rm £160 

pw. OI S32 84 SB 
Mod lovsn hse iraaiuonai fur 
nnfird 4 beds, sen dining, gdn 
EX50PW B. Oare Oi 730 5949 
k C iBMawtM- fully fura. CH. 
oge. gdn. Co Lei ClOOpw 874 
3000 Idas I 874 2*»WJ *eves» 

. BfVEHffESS -TERR WZ. Large DO 
Won. 1 bed. rrrep. K a B CH. 
Modern 1 f Lana lei lo Go 
ClfaOpw. AlpapV Ol 229 1196. 
tSLMCTOH 3 bedroom house. 2 
rrrep. dmlna roam. Ml A hath, 
garden, ad nod com. 14 3 lo 
25 4 £HOpw 01607 6705. 
bedrnts. rrrep. KAB garden. 
oa ra g e sectmiv. rhw £285 pw 
ran. Ol 741 5202 
Lime VENICE A I Irani ir lxl Rr 
flal IgerccepL 2bed»il double. 
I stnglel. fuBV furn U 70 pw 

01 289-1566 or 01 9301030 
■MRU VALE. Mansion flOL 2 

dMebrdrrm. 2rer. knaumarh. 
hafh. elks bafraar. pkg. 
CltuSpw 493 2091 tTI 
MONTAGUE SO. Furn unfUrn 
Beatadul newly romerted mot 
sonrite 2 dtde Drib. 3 batm 
C6O0 dw. B Dorr Ol 730 5949 
NW ■ hr Lords drtrtnilul 2 bed 
lloi furty eampped. porterage. 
transport C200 pw Tri 
MS 9919 or Ol 348 0776 
NWS O-hqMluL spar 3 bed flat, 
p b Mock C200PW Go or Em 
bassv let rmg before 9 30 am or 
oiler llpna Ol 794 3589 
VsOOn Owners homm 4 S 
beds. 2 3 reev Fait deMOs 
W T P Ol 935 9512 
5.W.L. Extremely adrorlne 3 
bed Mrws House 2 haths Large 
■oaf Terrace C3QO pw IVeg 
Duuntons Ol 834 8000 
ST RAUL’S CT Vs I a Elegant 2 
bed (own Inr gdn. gqr. 3 mm 
lube 070 p.w ran r b lyr 
Irate m 748 2442 

UJ» COMPANY seeks rum drop, 
ernes in best London areas 
•laenfsi 0! 589 5481 
WS A NIG. 2 new >otnpr-utms 6 
x 1 and 2 bed dais. Fully fim 
CH Cn lei ootv Flora CBSpw 
Allen Bales A Co 499 1665 
W. KEN. CHELSEA A srierhon of 
rmrranr fullv furn l 4 hra 
apofs A I houses (.140 f.WS 
pw mrl Ol 675 1896 - 

morn s r Iran mi GOOgr 
rerepiran.rhsre omens A Irons 
P«fl CSOO prrn Trl 06616 730 

2 bed. 1 rerep. k a h not 
ClOOpw B DoreCH 730 5949 

KENsmcnm wo Attrarmn 
finrasned faradv bouse garden, 
to lei CS7Spw Tel 938 1368. 
RIMLICOSW1. BngniA gunm 
allrarlrve I bed flal Ciaapw 
Di unions OI 834 8000 

rewucoswx. Adrarlne PMIO 2 

h«f flat. Gas CH CI60pw. 
DauMons 01 834 8000 
REGENT* PK/ Portland PI new 
magai nriunilu.x2briiflai. Afl 
mod Rim £315 pw 935 9085 
SW7 Allrarlrve large furnished 3 
bed marumrite. all machines. 
Co let. C28»pw Tel 584 7564 
SWT Beauufunv designed large i 
bed fUl. bathrm en sulk- aauo. 
Ob. lei. £185 pw. Tef584 7564 
WlOhlbml. rrrpt.Mb.grh. new 
panil carpets. On kS pref C12C 
pw 01-131 1726. 

WS 2 Voting Prof people to Mir 
lux Hal Avail iron IM March. 
Ol 22S 1644 X46 office. 

WZ. 2 DWIIM luay turn dal tn 
lux Mock LI 90 pw. TPM Ol 
446 2025 

! SUNNY FLAT, SW7. South far 
Uhl ovetiooKmg ramraunof 
garden 2 brdrmx. €31. £175 
pw. Ol 375 6942 
flats and nouie, n 
OuranM Cnnuanhne 
Tel: 01-244 7353 

ST JOHN’S WOOD luxury- fur- 
nished home. 4-S dote brdnrn. 
3 3 rerepUrats 3 bOI turns I ullv 
etiuiMied kilehen. garage, polio. 
£550 per week Or iinfur 
lushed 01424 8704 

atom sm, Bristt 2 
bed Hat m cwweretta 
reewl to pta 
•as*K»/*Wf. UK, Ml 
now. E1K (W. 

mSHfiTOM Ml fin* 
netov fim and toe 1 bad 
to. recepL ul tsto. 
isnac santods. anri now 
3 months oks £170 pw 
ind CH & CHW 

iMdw anas to vaBtag 

GDN Sutnreb 
Charming movf spar railage 
sivlp hse 3 bedims. 2 rrrs.- 
nun rt more. £225 pw Mlwn 
Vs iKon A CB Ol 794 1161 

os oil A read far dnMomafes. 
rx endues Long A short Iris ui 
Oil areas Lipfriend A Co. 48. 
Albemarle Bl W1 Ol 499 5334 

clou properties for tana com pa 
iuMui renltal London Lxual 
fees Sluran A 5ony Ol 244 

A Co hove a Luge selertion of 
flats and homey available lor i 
work ♦ Irani ClOCbw. 49* 

SWl. Stipertj inferrar iMigml 1 
bed flai on 2nd floor. Rerep. r f 
kil. bain, quirt Hx-oiaon. 
£22Cfew. Coofes 828 8251. 


beds, luxury furnwhed Ifol 
Triephone 01 2b2 5550. 

MAYFANL WL Luxury fullv turn 
flat lor renud. Newlr dee A 
parity sen vra i^A3brdnm. 
£200 £800 p.w Mm lei 

■nnlfn Red! Dinrr A CB. 491 

fir 1 bed Ilal in mart k>r ail rat 3 

mur. walk from GtoureMer Rd 
luhe BUi Iraq over gdns wdh 
areess to coram 'gam. Newly 
mod . fully fit kd inr wash 
nun. Avail from 15ih March 
far mui 6 mlhs Co let only 
£215 pw Tri Ol 491 3497 S P 
5 H.KI Ltd ■ Estate Agency’ > 
HOLLAND PK. Drffghllul Ige f f 
flal in home swndtng in own 
qrouitdv bMooin room*, 
new der.or lurniture and eautp 
men! 2 double beds. Uv mg rm. 
dmpig. hall. Bath, kiL coin. 
CH. hw. off sl pkg. Go in only 
£275 pw. Tri 01403 7749 
lux flats house, up lo £500 
p.w. Lsnal fen rrq Ptulbns 
kav a Lewis. South of lire Park 
CheHea otflee. Ol 352 811 
North of ihe Bark. Regent's 
Park offKe, 01 722 6136. 
■MVFAHK. Elegant 2 bed fl« 
Newly deroraled and rumnhed 

Ihroughout in a modern bund- 
ing cm Curran Smf. 
Negotiable huluiive lerim DOs- 
«blv lo Hielvide ear park. Tri 
01-101 2969 rCSDI m. 
fid lown home, 34 beds. 3 
rerep,- 2 baths a sep clkrm. 
frity niuxl kil with al) morti. 
Both wilh garages. 1 with prt 
vale garden C260pw 4 
C300BW 586 5999 HI 
TENANTS we hove a sriertlon of 
high auaiuv houses and rials m 
SW London for rompany and 
non-raimianv lets LI 50 ■ £400 
LTD. 92 High Street. SW19. Ol 
946 9447 

BELGRAVIA MapMfkTOl apart 
nieni. MMTiouv and riegonl. 
suitable for rMertaming. Large 
drawing rm. dnung rm. 3 dUr 
bedrms. 3 baths. Long Ce ln>» 
quired £600 pw 244 735J 
brtoiu. 2 nd II flirt. I 0 t>le bed. 
well equip ML ortling rm. balh. 
(■onsets alory MB Mk with 
*. Avail now. l yr plus 
C276 pw. MaskeHs. 581 2216. 
CHEVW WALK SW3. Superb in 
tenor deugned flal in pnCkKU 
block Bedroom, rerep rm. 
kil A bathr oom. A vad now for 
tone CB iei C200pw. Samuel A 
Co Ol 736 6000. 

house April September 3 bed 
rooms. 2 balhrootm. 3 wrl. 
lulrhen. dimng drawmg room, 
study TV roam garage. CdOO 
pw Tri Ol 362 3821 . 
MAYFANL Lux mod 3 bed flat. 
Inlenar deslanetl. furnished and 
fullv equtppen wnh a lomon 
ante and romnnnu address 
C7O0BW me Tri 01491 2969 
fOSOi. iTI 

out eamlal out lav Fox 

Hnmrdlale wvlrp al ailrnrlive 
prires. ring Mr Mienacl 

isoiimrv. Jonn Slrond Con 
irarls Lid Tec Ol 48S 861 5. 
FULHAM Superior xurnin 3 bed 
flal. rime lube Rerep. new 
kil diner, washer dryer Lge 
ram gdn tl«5 pw Co Lrt Tel 
lsll 73e> 107® or 351 5867 
rrlrd lloi. 1 DUr. 1 single 
bedroom. rerep, C H. 
enlrv phone Close transport. 
ClOO pw Tri 01 727-6369 
knvvinulan. luxury flal for 2. 
Maul servue. lift. Iriephraie. 
rotaiu TV. CM. rir. Ol 664 
24 14 o r Ol 78e 4281 
STAINES Mdgnuirpni bungalow 
in l one wilh 100 fl Thames 
nsec iKMihiae 3 beds. 2* - 
baths, anliaiir furnll ure. £220 
pu- mrl qoi doner 01-077 2683. 

ekev. privet lies for longCotnpa 
Iris in Certlral Landau. 

Lsuof ins hiunxi A Son Oi 

244 7441 

■ullv, turn tux (UK io lrt fori 
vr 2 nedrms.fiUril Ml. lux 

bath wc.spaiMus I novenlu 
phones CiSOnw me. 553 1212. 
HU 2nd lloor flal rerephon. 
double bedroom, kitchen, balh 
n. gas itrrd CH. good 
decorative radix. Dove HafUnd 
Park. £560 prrn. OI 221 2247. 
W*. Comf 3rd n fiaf. 2 hears, lap 
reeepl. II kllrhen. aw rh. eol tv . 
Bosch uxhr dr Nr shops and 
lube £1*0 p.w. Co M railv. 01 
5704679 allixEpm 573 3231. 

FK AREA. ExFpawni. fufll' 
furn. 2 bed few. OB' qdn A polio, 
mod kd. IQV bath. CH. CO Let. 
t withal la leuursf drlah 
LieO pw 01 570 4058. 

AKCTtftAH Bank urgenUy re 
quart's luxury flaK and IMinx 
from £200 C 1.000 pw. Ring 
BllrifNW LsLrte iVgenK 581 5136 

NA COURT, ivri Ken) 1 bed 

newly ronvrrlrri luxury lloL 2 
rains luhe £115 pw 

Kile 990 9632 

a BmtKHOr Mr luxiar 
properties Ul Sl Johns Wndd. He 
oniK Bark. Mania XaM. S»« 
Cell A Hampdead O! 586 7BeI 

avuiMMr now tioo 1.000 R* 
Bueoess Ol SSI 5136. 

gre^t second income potential 

.nvnmc w. uifef 

tamilv parucmalkiil This raixlQCL »""■»' ” ^..7r [A. seed 

cspcenillyii.v ihv hcalih and .L. c> .-fri-s',. , Hmif' 

Ni. wiling iavotval mw- MicKdl £***££™J ^ !f 

pnxiixiBfL onguui 

vng to vc hoc or ran vfavs f re* bn ^2* Kf 

'at ihvn ptorar 4«riv »* foro ir« 

cm. Md. I» ibrUxirafS^PlKT . *** 

' Td (OT73I 6T:!Kk Ih gXXi*. 

W roe M. LI5S«ns. 2 bed 
luil i oof. Mm 6 -IMR Cn lrt 
nntv Ahasriixlioii JlrtGriWeiii 
W Johns Wood A v% Hamp 
slixuL ACJLC 5*6 8811. notices 

BtSMUXrtfcN. UriOT. 

BtSHCNQLN. SpumUt «*■ «* 
Yew Ttri* Lrawe Bloiw Baal. 
Hoo. Rorhexler. KhH Pm* •* 
MOKtsMue. Kent on lOB* LmM v 
1986 Csloie oBouL C1HOOO 

otherwise JAMES P\fRK5 

BRENNAN. Uie « 26 WlriMkrte 
House Woodbecrv down Hack 

nrv. London <X4 OrrO link OP 
25fh July 1983. LxLne rihout 

c-vtunGl hiloa: cue ml 
CATLING. BPHnMT. Urtr Of 21 
wrxfriwfl Budge Rood. Caatrr 
burv. Kent Died found dead 
lime oil ism January 198S C* 
tale jpbui C940Q. ' 

edwaros. nanouck 
WARDS. Idle Of B5 LcnMRla 
Rond. Nrwoilh. MkhBeses Orel 
mrre. on 14lh May 1985- CsUde 
about 02.000 

BROWN. U mow late of Conifer, 
Lodge. 33 Nehun **2^ 
Broakvanw. Poole Dorsrt Dud 
There an or about 8fh Seplemher 
1986 (<UV about LI 8.000 

uoyre/u late Of M e ndi pHo* 

eh [at. Both Rood, teeth. Someisef.. 
Died Iherr. on Sin Srirtrinher 
1983 EMoie abOBI £7.500 


the Crrduors of the above named 
Company wtrah n bring wound 
an voluntarily, are. mwM on 

or brtoce uie 19ih dav of March 
1*86 to rend then names, od 
dresses and particulars of utetr 

nouns lo the onderx«gnPd N J 
Hamm on smith of Lauiam 
Oovylev A Davis, bunnene 
Houw 1IO Drurv Lane. London 
WC2B SST. the Loodrira of I be 
company, or in rtriauU mereri 
Ibex will he rxrtiiffed from me 
Oenriu nf anv m-Or motion made 
before such ma are proved 

. V! uuxferi U* i» 

"d>” rath del.neiv Uiry 
dMinunls irerOJc? 79V):6' fl 



Imp viii«r yrjrplHW SrWM' Sri* 1 Ol I*-!'.' 

V.W.AND ttW 

sour cm cum v im ULE ii«w 
' ed nulea While lime 

lOCkn mix. Alarm, few 
UtaODon Tri u: »vS9 
«l Ol bOc Base Hen. 


■ TYPE un U *‘i br. 

rami iVhugiifriv igeilifniiJi 
bra.43000inN Dh? Cek 477 
44M3 f»s. cel £99 1SJI 


L« i«un ; 6‘Yici nines 
qi rs bine r NR .die-., Sb->ri> 
(om'Ut. taaed ba and mush u 
k)i>-. waairiig toll? ho 
P inole VKe f.Vl«. Trie 

phone- OtklogeBM 




slifl undei 
nunuU'linas Harrarrtv 
9 HOT nutrs only Lirn ran 
■ rxi Jtrteexua inr blrtilU) sfereci. 
LIOMSOwf (Bin kkuue lrt Of 
r»70 974L Bus Ot 761 412H 

tW? X m» . 
(cm pub- age C7 500 duo 
nil n \ V rasper Iran »rl 
crane Cl 223 1453. 


urn) End to 

seek a part mn 

rereatramsl IriephaniM -xctm 
air hi -Yge 30-50. Ahecnoran. 1 
6pm £4900 Ring Vanewa 734 
7823 Kuwuand Prrx Cam 


mm 60 , w am for our hvrlv vrr | 
rnarul rnmidlanr* n vs: • 
Hours 12 30 5 30 CB £8500 
mb rafa. Cad Lta Cecil on A39 

I Morale exile 
rtenrnt far smaU fa tn softniors 
Vs 1 WC! Ol 43* 4321 


House Berkshire Fra IVttxn. 7 
year bay A cnorouie Labrador 
Refs , I rial Own hawsers 
Flora Please l el epbowe 0734 
781275 ev ratings only 

reou oilers XI beep Drnx or 
I rye m staff Ik A oinwas 4u 
Pair Ageney LOT RT Regents 51 
London Ol 4J9 6534 


■Or mr ora a 
KiNB doport You &M 
fxoftt. •• do 8 m wwk. Buy vwf 




ST BRNMCS NOtfO. xaumfnrsfnof 

Ot M Mi Ub> PriWa»keshH e fea 
iMUMiPhnk A X*** R \ of 
k As most beautiful usert bo 
lets Dranufri •ntrion 

resiautonf Irafornig Inr arty 

raughl bill Md tranters and 
itauux* flmvs - Ail hedrroms 
wdh pnijr lanliflrs [Inunl 
siutes. P lease wife <U i nut 
OH34 012301 lor uMm Mb 
etude and wort Urak boftdav 
leal Ins 

Suffolk, an «Ml lot m. sleeps 4 
e 12 nubs roaxl botifnssoM 

fR oar damn Bard tennis 
<nnk tame Korns £b5CI50 
Fa Tn Kpsmirin -OMteTi 

fenn-r ati ooHUfalmn RrcxTIufe 
S>W4> 65752? 0.rtsex Aims. 
Oaks H udder sla-ld HD) OBV 


01-878 9141 SSSS1 




For qutoity Mnants tp 
rant n pratamd 
control london areas. 

Ftdl mpnofloment 

270 Esrix Court Rood. SW5. 


SNfrtion of sMCtacuUr 1. 2 
and a beorooned ftus Ideal 
for emmrimng at xepfor ex- 
ecouve Mari. Renudt from 
JMefrJU.lOOpwTto tori 
feundry nxvtce. vary irigh- 

grenoiASed floor nut fn 
BforiL mom u from Park 
gad Hy pping of Wed End. 
BrwrpUmi. KHrbcn. 2 Dou 

Ctoakroom £300pw nea. lo 
tori CH. CHW. urto. porter- 
age >nd Ey phone. 


Oocnoort furn (own 
home Hi on 3 fin In Bri- 
grasfe wuh 4 beds. S 
reerov 2 DBUBs ggg and 
p»*w odn. avail now for 

Brand new I bed flat aft 
uated nn Ural floor In 

romentan ogp MamML 
2 dtde beds, reran /dfn 
rm. hfl. bam and lerr. 
avail now for long co lrt. 
£450 DW. 

Trad furn 3 bed flat ui a 
MnvenioB wHh recro. 
.can room, nt ml 2 riHefl 
bed. i Bogle bed and, 
hafh. avail now far longl 
8-co I 

01-730 8682 



Newly mod M Br Bol 2 

Bam. recap. ML Lift. Porrer. 
Long to. Q50JM aw. IncL 

HYDE PARK 80. WS. Sunt, 
Sp a cio us 2nd Hr IM. Bed. 
Bam. raosa wM» flreplaoa. to. 
Long la E2SOOO dw. 

01-724 3100 



TANt k> saril known amlwx- 
psvrhommsi. A mv attractive 
pnstiian. world wide travel. 
pKunonon. dnniM. (Tv mg. nor 
I in potion new mrihnh. Own 
■ non London, uvov Have IO 
rnuoh if rise's heir* C\ In M 
lire I mroln. IBA QmlUe Piare. 
nu- 6 SJH: Triephone esseuuu. . 
nhofo d avortable. 


Wo rf dsrtdP low row IMghtv 
The be* - and we ran prove it 
16SD00 rlwnH imre 1970 
FROM £765 
















MUMUFLOfltDA £188 








. £241 





















E 75 

E 89 


EuitllrifUSA HgMs C1-B37 SMS 
Long Hwd FHgMs Bt-«a ISIS 
tsUBaWnoM Cfesa 81408 3444 


ATOL 1488 


Worldwide low rod I Ugh Is 

The nrsi and we ran pros e U 

169 000 cUrnK slnee 1970 


FROM £766 






perm em 



SINGAPORE £225 £462 
WAMf/FLOfltDA £188 E309 
HONG KONG £237 £474 
1Y £250 £390 
.£241 £420 
CAIRO £180 £270 

NAIROBI £231 £391 

JO-BURG £298 £473 

LIMA ma £484 

LOS ANGELES £187 £321 
NEW YORK £120 £240 
GENEVA £ 75 £ 89 

«24t emu conr nu 


AuopNUSA ragMx 01437 sago 
Long Had Fights 01-003 ISIS 
01-83* 3444 


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NMs-SMI J-i.* 


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Afro Asian Travd° 

in- "pyre w w i 
‘sL 03-437 82S5/G--7/S 
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fevdnei. Cojiope. 6 The 
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3 New CJurher St litande 
■\irfi London VfcIH 7TlD 

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Open Sofui day 1000 1300 

O » tUVJS l In C645 Auckland 
o <s UJo rtn C77d JuTiinq 
n h c 7o“ rhi CJ70 r os (we 
leva iv LI71 iln C335 London 
riHdu Centre Ol 370 6332 

AUSTRALIA. N2 I ar Lori hi lari 
Vs raid wide loss rnsl IlHihH 
Lurnrheek OI 543 4227 

FUCHTS VtnifdMiile 
HaynLVikri Ti.isri Trleutuxie 
Ol 930 1366 

LOST LEFKAS The mmf beauli 
i!? riat’’ »"“■»" never hraicd of 
01 44 1 0122 <24 hi si. 

„ . _ A* FARES. 

BwkjiMhdm Tuvel -V8I -V 
Ol 836 862? 




01 741 aotfe, Ool 23c 0019 
•VTOL 432 I \T-V 4ITQ 

d r^"*' TlUnn * Urx 
only C.199 p n 14 luahis 
U . _ Inrlusive calc led 
rip * .bblKJav LHiutraf 
aiailabdili 1 Marrli C.UI ski 
Valnn 01 90S 4444 or Ol 200 
'^L , 1 5 ^5 nnsl VB ™ 55451 

rANTASnC SKI baraanu. C7» 

INK Ikilek .in»| nieni-. air 
riraucrcra^h jj H I sell rassr 

Hookirri ncibne sstih Vrevs a. 
v Ka hki torxi 0373 MSI I 



Mark vacoiH 

PARTIES m oral eel 

bin February 

7 * ,r ,Q W WfJ! 
■adbii hcraburrsi or 27372 


g, r r ‘r^. j , * l dnuciivo 

Vlhenv C1M. 
.Gymwv C249. w> 
aSPira 1 !?' Oreo Cjgq, Am 

laorii Rm 
01 73a 3S »* 

SKI &ONMC HEtoE. Carried 
S“2J*. b «>fo •« ir-vrt. 
WM IWd. Ulllld i, me a rxlen- 

733 mmSit 

^wjKhhip i Afn» «ni 
^ > *^ c a “eek, in HrW 

U-m ,Km 

WM ""“-rarifewn. 

’'^rthri . IS 

Ol WoT ,u *h “Fl- 


rtrilv to Geneva. 

{JffijJI £j* 1 ±Sl£> 






’s television and radio programmes 


-j i 

6-M Ceefax AM. 
m 0 Breakfast Time with 

SeUna Scott and Nick 

Roes In the studio and 


MStre^onaliwws, . 
weawrand traffic at BSr, 
727,7.57 and 027; 
rational and international 


7,20 and 850; the new 
Top Twenty at 722; and a 
review of tha morning 
newspapers at 827. Hus. 
Beverly Art's fashion hints 
and Alison M tetters - . 
'phone-in finance advice. 
The guest is Patrick 

week's magazine 
programme for Asian 
women includes a 

discussion on hobbies. 

_ 11.15 Gratae 
1220 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and 
- Frances Cover dale, 
Includes news headflnes 
with subtitles 1255 
Regional news and 

1.00 Pebble MS at One 
presented by Paul Cola. 
Marian Foster'and Bob 
Langley. Sue Hicks begins 

a new series on fish 
cookery and there is a 
song from soul singer 
Ruby Turner 1.45 
Bagpuss^r) 220 Gratae 
322 Regional news 
355 The Psnsher&frl 420 The 
. CbuddeHounds. A new 
Children s series about 
two furry dogs 425 
- HeothcHff -The Cat 
Adventures of a ringer 
tom (r) 4.15 Jaekanoiy. 
Christopher Guard with 

itig of the Dump^aS^ S 
Laurel and Hanty. 

Cartoon (r) 425 You 
Should Be So Lucky] The 
first of a new children's 
talent and quiz show, 
presented by Vince Purity, 
played like a huge board 
game featuring two teams 
representing theatre and 
dance schools, from 
around the country 
520 John Craven’s 

Newsroutd 5.10 Running 
Scared. The final episode 
and Paula has to make the 
heartbreaking choice 
between her family and 
her friend 

525 Hospital Watch. The thW 
day’s dramas from Queen 
Alexandra’s and St Mary’s 
Hospitals in Portsmouth, 
and among them tea lady 
having her first session of 
i after a hip 

TV- AM. 

8.15 Good 

presented by 


raw«w«h Gordon 

sport at 025 and 724« 
cartoons at 724 and SLOt 
pop video at 755; video 

,Jhl „ 

825; Jute Brawn 
•ritenriews Shakte' 
Stevens a* 5.10 



f'Uj Thames news headlines 
920 For Schools; Chemistry - 
CTiemicals from salt 922 
Maths: counting end 
capacity 1024 Children's 
street and playground 
-games 1021 How baked 
beans are manufactured 
1023 English: Part one of 
Rosa Guy's, The Friends, 
a story set In Hariem 1120 
Traveflera talk about their 
way of life 1120 
Memories. For the hearing 
• impaired 1127 Science: 

— — keeping cool. 

1220 Moscfnps. Adventures of 
ayoung dinosaur (rt 12.10 

Cter Backyard (ri 1220 
Wish You Were Here.? A 
repeat of Monday's 
programme in which 
Judith Chalmers reported 
from DawOsh and 
Teignmouth; Anneka Rice 
began a three week tour 
of France by train; and 
Pater Marshall tasted a 
famfly villa holiday in 

1.00 Newest One with Leonard 
Park in 120 Thames news 
120 A Country Practice. 
Medical drama series set 
in a smaH Australian town. 

220 On the Market Susan 
Brooks and Trevor Hyatt 
with advice on the best 
food buys. The guest cook 
•is David Bellamy 320 
Gems. Drama serial sat in 
the Govern Garden 
woritehops of a fashfon 

320 Sons and Daughters. 

4.00 Moschops. Arepeat of the 
programme shown at 
noon 4.10 Bathe Minder 
meets a navigator 420 
The Wail game. Theatre 

i entertainment 

_ ISlavesof 

• SCAB {MV,9.00pm) might 
well turn out to be the best play 
about the 19W-85 miners' 
strike. We cannot tefluntH the 
rest arrive. Between them. 
Geoffrey Case and Gordon 
Flanwng have fashioned the 
firet IV drama from the bitter pits 
dispute. And it la exactly what ' 
you would expect it to be: sour 
and angry. First, the resolve 
to win, bom out of unity. Then, 
naggira doubts and 
crumbling resistance. And flna&y, 
capitulation, concealed by 
brass bands and banners.}! Scab 
has any hero at aHjt is Brian 
Clarkson (Dickon Ashworth], the 
miner who thumps on the bus 
taking scabs to work while 
reminding the turncoats 

tnside that miners wont always 
be hungry, but scabs wtfl 
always oe scabstMessrs Case 
and Flemyng make effective 


rntrang in Britain, it reinforces the 
grim truth of a brie m Scab 

use of Ctarkson to illustrate how 

circumstances can alter 
cases and causes. The irony in 
the choice of Scab as a title 
for tomght'apiay svivkJJy 
externalized in the final shot 
of Clarkson's wife (fine 
performance from Barrie 
Shore) who stands apart from 

*the pratfince of a triumphal 
march by the returning 
minertActual newsreel 
coverage of the picket-line riots 
have been skifuny edited into 

the simulated sequences. 

spoken by one of the miners; 

f standir 

ling firm in 

• Coincidentaay, tonight's 
repeated film in the ALL OUR 
(BBC 2,820) puts Scab into 
perspective, A history of coal 


(BBC Z225pm],the second 
portrait in Leslie Megahey’s 
tnptych of 19th century French 
painters, is about Ingres, the 
immovable Classicist. A complex 
personality. And Anthony 

Bate is just the actor to 
encompass the ambiguities 
.Some of my colleagues have 
found Megahey*3 approach 
too diffused .Everything is grist to 
h*s mifl.from ancient snent 
movies to re-enactments, 
reminiscences, and 
microscopic scrutiny of famous 
canvases.For me .the result is 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 


Univer si ty: Dome ia 
: You Mate rt. Ends at 


928 Daytime on Two: science; 
tracks 1020 For and four- 
and five-year olds 10.15 
Maths - fracWna Veous 
1028 Using CSE maths at 
.. .work 11 JW Words and 
pictures 11.17 Using maps 
and compasses 1120 
Who are the people who 
mate their clas s m a tes 
laugh? 12.10 Part five of 
David Bellamy's series on 
trees 122S Lesson six of a 

course for aspiring rock 
120 Fbn 

musicians Ij 

520 News with 

Witchell and Andrew 
Harvey. Weather 
6.35 London Ptus . 

7.00 Wogan. Among Tony's 
guests this evening are 
actors Jane How and BUI 
Fraser, karate expert Jeoff 
Thompson, with music * - 
from Mr Mister 
7.40 No Pfaco Lite Home. 

~DDftieS8c contedy series 
starring waiam Gaunt and 
Patricte Garwood as the' - 
parents whose adutt •. 
children keep returning to 
the family home with 
problems and unexpected 



Carrington arrives on the 
scene and does more to 
Jog FaHon’s memory than 

920 News with Julia Somerville 
and John Humphrys. 

9.30 Q.F.D jR ound Britain 
Whiz*. This first of a new 
series covers every inch of 
Britain's 4,000 mile 
coastline. With David 
• Bellamy, Clay Jones and 

Patrick Moore. {Ceafax) 
1020 Hospital Watch. A round- 
up of the day's activities at 
the Portsmouth hospitals 
1020 Sportsntght, introduced 
by Steve Rider. Highlights 
from one of tonight’s FA 
Cup FWi round replays; 
boxing from the Royal 
Albert HaH; and, what are : 
the chances of 
Bkmiraham saa^i the 
12.10 Weather 

with guest Pam 
Ayres. 4.45 The Book 
Tower. Among the books 
Roger McGough reviews 
today is Maurice 
Senoak's, Outside Over 
There (Oracle) 

5.00 Blockbusters. 

525 News with Michael 


620 Thames news 

625 HelplViv Taylor Gee 
examines how the 
voluntary sector can 
provide support for carers. 

6.35 Crossroads. Roy 
. tflscovers what Anne- 
Marte has been up to. 


• Andrews springs an 
emotional surprise on 
another unsuspecting . 

. . worthy. 

7.30Cororurtk)n Sheet Dekdre 
plays the go-between to ■■ 
. her ex-lover and her step- 
daughter (Oracle) 

820 Duty Free. The final 
- programme of the comedy 

• series about two couples 
on a package holiday in 
Spain. (Oracle)’ 

Never the Twain. Simon 
and OBver decide to bury. . 
the hatchet and go into 
partnership again- But in 

. whose head Is the hatchet 
buried? (Orade) 

9.00 Scab, by Gordon Flemyng 
and Geoffrey Case. Drama 
set in a coal mining 
community during me 
bitter disputa{see Choice) 

1020 News with Afastair Burnet 
and Pamtfa An.. •strong. • 
Weather, to Bowed by 
Thames news headlines 
1120 Midweek Sport Special. 
Brian Moore Introduces 
' coverage of the semifinals 
and final of the Blackthorn 
Masters Darts 
Championship; and Kevin 
Keegan with the first of his 
two reports from Mexico 
on the buHd-up to tWs 
summer’s World Cup 
1225 Night Thoughts 


Fdr adults 

1.15 Further education: 
Polys and Colleges 128 A 
river journey to tne source 
of the Severn 220 A visit 
to Elvaston Castle 
Museum, Derbyshire 2.18 
Walrus 2.40 The Earth as 
a space-ship 
320 Ceefax 

520 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather 
525 Bridge Club. Improve 
one's technique with 
Jeremy Flint and members 
of Bristol Bridge Club. 
Introduced by Jeremy 

620 Fam: The Big Steal* (1949) 
This first to a short Robert 
Mitchum casts the hero as 
an army Deutenant, framed 
for a pay-roll robbery, who 
chases the real thief 
across the Mexican 
countryside together with 
an assorted cast of 
characters. With Jane 
Greer and Wffliam Bendbc 
Directed by Don Siegel 
7.10 100 Great Sporfew 
Moments. The 1973 
Wimbledon men's Singles 
quarterfinal match 
between Britain's Roger 
Taylor and a young 
Swede, playing in his first 
Championship, Bjorn Borg 

720 Out of Court. How many 
sexual molesters go free 
because the abused child 
cannot take the trauma of 
a court inquisition? Is It 
possible to change the trial 

8.00 All Our Working Lives.. 

Part six of the series on . 
Britain at work in the 20dt 
■■ century examines the 
■ history pf the coal mating , 
industry With ■ - 

contributions from miners, 
managers and mine- - 
owners who recatt the time 
when King Coal reigned 
supreme, (r) (Ceefax) 

920 M*A*S # H. Aseries or . . 
thefts tums the medics 
into sleuths and when the “ 
kit is discovered in 
Hawtoye's locker 
everybody thinks that that 
is the end of the felonies 

Artists and Models. This 
second of three films set in 
a Paris studio during a 
hundred years of 
revolution, recreating the 
lives of influential artists. 
This evening, Anthony 
Bate plays Ingres, a 
painter who died famous 
and powerful but out of 
fashion, (see Choice) 
Newsnfajht The latest 
nail oral and international 
news inducting extended 
coverage of one of the 
main stories of the day 
1126 Weather 
11.40 Open University: 



Argument on Television 
1225 Free 

i Freedom and 
Plenty. Ends at 1225 


220 Adam Had Four Sons* 
(1941) storing Ingrid 
Bergman, Domestic drama 
with Bergman playing the 
role of a Franco woman 
who goes back to the 
American family to whom 
she had worked as 
- governess and commits a 
self-sacrificing act In order 
to save the family honour. 

Directed by Gregory 

420 A Plus 4. Mavis Nicholson 
in conversation with Alison 
Laurie, the winner of the 
1985 Pitftaer prize lor her 

novel, Foreign Affairs. 

Edown. Ye 

4.30 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner is chattenqed bv 
Paul White. 

520 Afica. The second and 
final part of the story in 
which Mel, aided by a 
gambling win, backs the 
musical to which Alice is 
appearing. His decision to 

sack the star, Joel Grey, 


leads to a walkout by 
audience on the opening 

Bard's workshop 
continues with a two part 
examination ot The 
Tempest. Is it a magical 
fantasy or a dream wfthfn 
a dream about political 
dominance ana sexual 

C Radio 4 ) 

525 am Stripping 620 News 
Briefing; Weather 6.10 

620am Today, mbi 620, 
720, 820 News £45 
Business News 625, 
725 Weather 720, 820 

News725, Sport 

r the Day 

7.45 Thought Fbr 
625 Yesterday in 
Parliament 827 Weather 

920 News 

925 Midweek: Ubby Purves 
wnh studio guests (s) 

1020 News; Gardeners' 

Question Time. Dr Stefan 
BuezacU. Fred Downham 
and Geoffrey Smith 
tackle listeners’ questions (r) 
1020 Morning Story: ‘A Bitter 
Farce’ by Detmore 
Schwartz. Reader Robert 

1045 Daily Service (new every 
„ m ™ratng.p 3 ge9 3 )(S) 
1120 News; Travel; Brits 
Abroad. Susan Marfmg 
on emigrant Britons in 

Canada It) 

i Within. Neil 



Christiana. Part seven 
of Bamber Gascoigne's 
series on the history of 
Christianity reaches the 
time of the emergence of 
Luther and the turbulent 
period in the development 
of independence from 

1148 Enquire! 

Landor and specialist 
experts answer listeners' 

1220 News; You And Yours. 
Consumer advice, with 
John Howard 

1227 pro Lord Of Misrule. The 
battle fbr the lordship of 
a Welsh valley in the rmd- 
18th century, (2) The 
Conjurer's Women (r) (s) 

520 PM: News I 

620 News: Financial report 

820 R&n Star. Alexander 
Walker on Katharine 
7.00 News 
725 The Archers 
720 Women: Equal Sex? Bel 
Mooney asks tour 
women aged 20 to 50 
whether the fairer sex 
has achieved equality with 
men. (2) A Woman At 

745 The Mind In Focus. 

Evans, David Butler. Barbara 
Mostyn and Robert 

8.15 Analysis; When East 
Meets East David 
Wheeler on the future of 
Hong Kong. 

120 The World At One: News 
140 The Archers 125 

720 Channel Four news with 
Alastair Stewart and 
Nicholas Owen. 

720 Comment This week's 
political slot is taken by 
Dafydd Wig&y, the Plakl 
Cymru Mp for Caernarfon. 

820 The American Century. 

How Time Life's Cinema 
news magazine, The 
March of Time, covered 
the 1947 - 1949 civil war in 

Greece (Oracfe) 

i Reports. 

820 Diverse 

• - Arobrtectural journalist 
Martin Pawtey argues tnat 
•^ =the increase in property - 
" prices is fueUing consumer 
credit and featherbeds 

920 Prospects. The first of a 
new 12-par 

2-part drama series 
set in and around the tele 
of Don in-London’s East 
End. The series foitows 
the adventures and 
mishaps of Jimmy PInce 
and Bily Pearson, friends 
since schooldays and life- 
tetandars. In this 
episode the two 

young men pool their Giro 
‘ *nnan 

cheques to finance a 
dating agency, bid: 27 
female applicants and one 
male make fife (Sfficutt for 
the duo. Starring Gary 
Olsen and Brian Bovefi. 
1020 Fans Marry Christmas Mr 

Lawrence (1982) starring 

David Bowie. A power 
drama, set in a Japanese 
prisoner-of-war camp in 
Java during 1942. about a 
conffict of Ideals between 
a British prisoner and the 

Japanese camp 

With Tom 

Conti, Jack Thompson 
and Ryutehi Sakamoto. 
Directed by Nagisa 
Oshima. Ends at 12.10 

220 News; Woman's Hour, 
todudes an interview 
with the celebrated harpist 
Maria Robies. . 

320 News; The Afternoon 

'Marie; by Brian 

\vsra. With Maggie 
Shevl In. The setting; 
Belfast in 1968 (e) 

347 Time For Verse. A stroll 
around the Tate Gaftery 
which recently held a 
competition for poems 
inspired by the paintings 
there. Wutn Kevin 

420 News 

425 File on 4. With Stuart 
Simon (r) 

445 Kaleidoscope. A repeat 
of last night's 
- includes comment on the fflnv 
The Year of the Quiet 


920 Thirty-Mjnute Theatre. 
'Listening to Sean ' t 
PhtSp Marhcm. With 
Roberts and Joe 
McPartiand (r) (s) 

920 Wives Of The Great 
Composers. Fritz Spie^ 
on Minna Wagner 

945 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on the 
Romantic Lebanon exhtttion 
at Leighton House. 

10.15 A Book At Bedtime: 

'Lake Woebegon Days' 
by Garrison Keillor, who also 

1020 The World Tonight 
al World 

11.15 The Financial 
1120 Today in Parliament 
1220 News: Weather 
1223 unshipping Forecast 
VHF (available in England and S 
Wales only) as above except 525- 
6.00am Weather, Travel 1120- 
1220 For Schools 125-320pra For 
Schools 520-525 PM 
(continued) 1120-l2.10an> Open 
University 1120 Introduction to 
Calculus 1120 Technology: Dome 
Sweet Home 

( Radio 3“ ' ) 

625 Waather. 7.00 News. 

7.05 Momma Concert Flossini 
(Itafian Gulin Algiers 
overture); CartfiBo ( Cere 
'ngrato^ung by 
Carreras; Boccherini (Guitar 
quintet in E minor. G 
• *51); Debussy (Iberia. 

'Images: 820 News. • ‘ 

825 Concartfcontd). Avison 
(Concerto Grosso No 5L 
Hook Oass of Richmond Hill. 
Tear, tenor): Mozart 
(Oboe Quartet in F, K 370); 
Wiffiamson (Smtometta). 

920 News. 

9.05 This week's Composers: 
Delibes (Pas des fleurs, 
Naila); Massenet (La 
Navarraise, two-act 

Luca Kipp and Ala^^ 
van zo. 

1020 Scottish National 
Orchestra: MacCurm 
(overture Land of Mountain 
and Flood); Sibehus 


(Symphony No 1). 
Recorder an 


John Turner. Neil Smith. 

Pieter de Vote (Branoe 
Yrfandt; Michael Ball 

K ospero's Music; (Duarte 

i ' ' 

;lin petit jazz). 

1125 Ayres tor the Theatre: 
Parley ol instruments. 
Blow (Venus and Adonis); 
Puroe* (Fairy Queen). 
12.15 Concert Half: Ronald 
Braungam (piano). 
BeettioverUSonata in F 
Sharp. Op 78); 
Schoenberg (Little Pieces, 
19K Rach maninov 

(Preludes. Op 32.variousL 
120 News- 

125 Herman Wilson: excerpts 
from At the Woodwinds' 

120 Matinee Musicate: Ulster 
Orchestra. With Una 
Huntipteno). Schubert 

S iverture in D, DS90); 

nri (Eclogue); Boar i 
popolare); Albet _ 
[Granada, Sevilla); Lennox 


Variations): MaMpiero 

220 Debussy Piano Works: 
Marlin Roscoe plays 
Estampes. D'un cahier 

d'esquisses; Six Etudes. 
Book 1. 

3.10 American portraits: 
MacDowdl (Suite No 2); 
Copland (Lincoln Portrait). 

420 Choral Evensong from 
National Cathedral of St 
Patrick. Dublin. 425 News 

520 Midweek Choice: 

Krommer (Octet-Partita 
in F, Op 57); Bach (Violin 
Concerto in E, BWV 
1042: Anne- Sophia Mutter); 
Rachmaninov (To the 
Children: Soderstrom); 
Giuliani (Guitar concerto 
in A John Williams). Strauss 
jsymphonic poem Ein 


720 Choral Voices: Sinlonta 
Chorus. Works by 
Victoria. Poulenc (Salve 
raging). VeccW, Kevin 
Stephens, Tucapsky 
720 Voices: play by Susan 
Griffin. With Faith Brook. 
Doreen Mantle, Anna Nygh, 
Karen Brown and Colette 

8.45 BBC Welsh SO: with 
Anne-Sophie Mutter 
(violin), Philip Langridge 
(tenor), John Birch 
(organ). BBC Welsh Chorus, 
Canfltf Polyphonic Choir. 
Ardwyn Singers.South 
Glamorgan Junior High 
Schools Choir part one. 
Beethoven (overture 
Leonora, No 3): 
Mendelssohn (Violin 

920 Six Continents: Angus 
McDemtid with foreign 
radio broadcasts. 

920 Concerr part two. Bertioz 

From a Diary- Ronald 

zds tne work by 

1040 From a Oiar 
Pickup reac 
Igor Pomerantsev. 

1120 Chamber Music from 
Manchesler: Peter Note 
aad Helen Knzos (pianos). 
Satnt-Saens (Variations 
on b theme of Beethoven. 

Op 35); Rachmaninov 

jymphonic Dances. Op 45) 
11.57 News. 1220 Closedown. 

VHF onjwOpen University. 
!.35am io 6.55. Open 

From 6.! 

Fbrum:5iudents' Magazine. 

( Radio 2 " ~) 



News on the hour (except 

S 52015m, 620. 



920pm). Headlines ! ... . 

720 and 820. Sports Desks 
125pm, 222, 322, 422. 5.05, 6.02,- 
645 (mf only), 925. 

4,00am Colm Berry (s) 6.00 


. J 

Moore (s) 825 Ken Bruce (s) 10. 
Jimmy Young (s) 1.05pm David 
Jacobs (s) 220 Gloria Hunrufore 
(phone-m) 320 Music All The 
Way (S) 420 David Hamilton is) 
6.00 John Dunn (s) tnd at 645 

Big Band Special (s) 9.1! 
Listen To The Band (Band ot 
The Grenadier Guards) (si 925 
Sports Desk 10.00 It's A Funny 
Business. M*e Craig wrth Tom 
Mennard. 1020 Hubert Gregg 
says Thanks for the Memory 11.00 
Bnan Matthew (stereo from 
midnight) 120am Charles Nove (s) 
320-4.00 A Little Night Music 


( Radio 1 ) : 

News on the half-hour from 
620am until 920pm and at 12.00 
midnight. 620am Adrian John 
720 Mike Read 920 Simon Bates 
1220pm News beat (Frank 

Partridge) 1245 Gary Davies 320 
Steve wnght 5.30 Newsbeat 
(Frank Partridge) 545 Bruno 
Brookes 720 Janice Long 

laixmoo John Peel (s) VHF 
Radios 1 8 2 420am As Radio 
2 1020 As Radio 1 12.0O-4.QOam 
As Radio 2. 


620 NewsCBS* 720 World News 720 

twenty-tour Hours 720 Development 'Bfi 
745 That's T 

Trad 8.00 world News 829 
Reflections 8.15 Classical Record Review 
820 Quote. Unquote 9.00 World News 
929 Review ol the Britton Press 9.15 The 
World Today 920 Financial News 940 
Look Ahead 945 Flanders and Swam 

1020 News Sumnnuy 1021 Omnibus 
1020 My Word* 1120 WorU News 1129 

News Abou Britan 11.15 Doctor Who 
1125 A Letter Fran Wales 1220 Radio 
Newsreel 12.15 Native Notebook 1225 

Report on Rekaon 320 Radio Newsreel 
3.15 In Hoy ttomuinpiauon 320 The 
Random jottfnas of Hinge & Bracket 420 
World News 429 Commentary 4.15 Rock 
Salad 4.45 The Work! Today 520 World 
News 529 A Letter From Wafes 5.15 
Monitor 820 World News 829 Twenty- 
Far Hours 9.15 Album Time 945 Record- 
ing ol the Week 1020 World News 1029 
The World Today 1025 A inner From 
Wants 1020 Financial News 1040 Reflec- 
tions 1045 Sports Roundup 1120 World 
News 1129 Commentary 11.15 Good 
Books 1120 Top Twenty 1220 Wand 
News 1229 News About Britain 12.15 
Radio Newsreel 1230 The Random 
Joangs ot Hinge & Bracket 120 News 

Summary 121 Outfodk 120 Wevegutoe 
00 World 

140 Book Cmce 145 Montor2.L 

News 229 Review ot the British Press 
2.15 Network UK 220 Asagnmem 320 
World News 3.09 News About Bntam 3.15 
The World Today 320 Journey Through 
Heaven 420 Newsdosk- .430 Classical 
Reconi Review 5L45 The World Today 

BBCI WALE&&3£6.0Qpm 
===■* Wales Today 6J3S-7-00 
Hosprtat Watch iZitLi2.l5«n 

News and weather SCOTLAND 10- 
15-10J0aro Gkxna Gochd B-35- 

7JP^m Reporting S«ttand 1020- 

FUitu Orca „ Kffler Whale 
12.00-1 2J3Sam Weather NORTH- 
ERN IRELAMD 525-540pai - 
Toctey’s Sport 5.40-&0O hside Lfl- 
ster E35-7 J30 Hospital Watch 
12.10-12.15mn News and weather 
ENGLAND 6^5-720pm Re- 
gional news magazines. 


Fbr Openers l^xn Channel 
News and Weather 120-220 5hine 
OnHanrey Moon3u30-4J»The 
Young Doctors 5.12-5.15 Puffin's 
Pla(i)ce 6J104J3S Channel Re- 
port t&25mn Weather, Ctose. 

920am North East News 1220- 
IJWpm Regrets (Tony Blackburn) 
1 JO North East News 1-25-120 
Where The Jobs Are 225-220 
Home Cookery Club 325-320 
North East News 5.15-545 
Terrahawks 920-625 Northern 
Life 1225am Preparing For Easier 
'881220 Ctose. 


120pm Calendar Lunchtime 


.Live 120 Calendar News 120420 
Falcon Oest 325-320 Calen- 
dar tews 5.15-545 Survival 620- 
i82S Calendar 12.15am Close. 

[GRANADA A* London ex- 

cape 1220 - 120 pw 
^Writers On Writing (Anttiony 

220 The Baron 325 Granada 

biOies 620 Granada Reports 620- 
625 This Is Your Right 12.15am 

ULSTER A® London except 
— - l - 9285130m The Day 

Ahead 120-1 20pm Lunchtime 
We Words 


320 Three Little \ 

Ulster News 5.15-545 
Terrahawks 620-825 Good Eve- 
ning Ulster 1220am News. 


Mrs 120-120 Anglia News And 
Weather 325-320 AngBa News 

620-525 About Angia 
1225 m Starling Poim. Close. 

TS W A 8 London except 

120-1 20 pm TSW News 
22S-220 Home Cookery Club 
325 Sotte And Daughters 3J57-420 
TSW News 5.15 Gus 

BirttTdavs 520- 
'545 Crossroads 620 ToSy 
South West 620-720 That's My 
Dog 1225am Postscript 1220 

BORDER ^ London ex- 

cept 1220 - 1 20 pm 
120 Border News 

Glenroe 120-1. 

320-420 The Young Doctors 5.15- 
545 Horses for Courses. 620- 
625 Lookaround Wednesday. 
1225am News Headlines. 


News. 120 Job Spot. 125-3.00 
[1974). 320 Report 

Film: The Gun (1! 

Back. 620-625 Scottish News 
and Scotland Today. 1225am Late 
Cafl 1220 Close. 

11.05 The Comte Strip Presents: 
Slags. 11.40 it's a long way 
from Tipperary and Armagh. 12.40 

CENTRAL a* London ex- 
■ — cept 12.30 Some- 

thing to Treasure. 120 Central 
News. 120 Scarecrow and Mrs 
King. 325 Central News. 5.15 
Off the Rack. 620 Crossroads. 
625 Central News. 1225am 
Film: Death Stalk (1975). 1.45 


except 925 First 

S4C 120Countdown. 120 Be 

Your Own Boss. 220 Taro 

220 Ffafebafem. 2L35 
j. 225 interval. 320 The 
Christians. 420 A plus 4. 420 
Film: The Rakrodder* (Buster 
Keaton). 520 Pop's Pro- 

gramme. 620 Brookstoe. 620 Pwl. 
720 New 

'20 Newydrfion Saith. 720 
Portraadau. 820 Drarmoetn Y Ffeir. 
820 Y Byd Ar Bedwar. News 
Headlines. 925 Fkm: Android 
(1982). 1025 Diverse reports. 


North Headlines. 6.00 North To- 
night and Weadwr. 1225am 
News headlines and w esther. 12.30 

TVS A® London except 925- 
920 TVS Outlook. 120 TVS 
News. 327 TVS News followed 

b^The Young Doctors. 5.12-5.15 

News headlines 620-625 
Coast to Coast. 1225am Company, 

HTV WEST London ex- 

— — cept 120 HTV 

News. 1.30 Han to Hart. 325 
HTV News. 5.15-5.45 Survival. 
6.00-625 HTV News. 1225am 
Weather, ctose. 

w »ales 

11 20am- 11 25 About Wales. 
620pm-625 Wales at Six. 




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> V 





* ★ + ★ ★ 

First published 1785 

Television world 
sees Granada as 
Britain’s best 

By David Henson and Patricia Clough 

Merger will father a leisure megagiant 

Granada Television, which 
went on the air in May 1936, is 
regarded in international tele- 
vision circles as Britain's fore- 
most commercial television 
company, belying ITV’s 
down-market audience-grab- 
bing image. 

Granada Television began 
breaking new ground in politi- 
cal reporting in 1958 when it 
covered the Rochdale by- 
election, the first to be shown 
on British television. It then 
went on to give the first day- 
by-day coverage of party con- 

It pioneered TV investiga- 
tive reporting when it began 
hosting the World in Action in 
1963 — a show which went on 
to bring it both trouble and 

In 1939. it started screening 
science programmes for sixth 
form school students. 

Coronation Street was 
launched in 1960 without 
Granada Television knowing 
or imagining that the soap 
opera, dedicated to the daily 
lives of ordinary folk, would 
become its longest-running 
success. The popular serial is 
now in its 26th year. 

But for the company, the 
early days were difficult finan- 
cially, as they were for all 
independent television com- 
panies whose advertising did 
not rise to meet expectations. 

Based in Manchester, the 
company went on the air 
under a contract to serve the 
north of England five days a 
week. It later switched to a 
seven-day-a-week contract for 

the north-west. The north- 
eastern area was then taken 
over by Yorkshire Television. 

Last month, talks between 
Granada Television and 
Ladbrokes on a possible merg- 
er or cooperation ended with- 
out agreement or regret 
Granada now remains the 
only independent television 
company to have survived 
since the 1950s in its present 

It is regarded by many, 
particularly in the United 
States, as superior to the BBC 
for some of its programmes, 
two of which, Brideshead 
Revisited and The Jewel in the 
Crown, have became Britain's 
greatest international televi- 
sion successes of the 1980s. 
Both serials earned interna- 
tional Emmy awards. 

The company has a long 
track record of producing 
quality drama for general 
consumption as a mailer of 

Much of the credit for its 
recent successes has been at- 
tributed to its chairman. Sir 
Denis Forman, and its manag- 
ing director. Mr David 

Lora Olivier made his first 
Shakespearean production for 
television in Granada's King 
Lear. The production, first 
seen on Channel Four at 
Easter 1983, has since won 
many international awards. 
Lord Olivier, who is married 
to Mr Plowright's sister, ac- 
tress Joan Plowright, has had a 
working relationship with 
Granada since the If * 

Rank makes £740m 
offer for Granada 

Continued from page 1 
through Butlin's and its share 
of Cal Air, formerly British 
Caledonian Airways. 

But one possible snag for 
Rank could be the Granada 
television contract. Any 
change of ownership has to 
win approval from the Inde- 
pendent Broadcasting Author- 
ity. Rank owns Pinewood 
Studios and the Odeon and 
Gaumont cinema c hain and 
any conflict of interest appears 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Princess of Wales, Presi- 
dent. Dr. Bomardo's, vials the 
Druids Heath Centre, Stonnail 
Road. Walsall. 10.45; and htier. 
as President, The British Deaf 
Association, opens a hostel for 
dcat homeless people of the 
Caldmore Area Housing Associ- 
ation, Caklmore Green, Walsall. 


Princess Alice, Duchess of 
Gloucester, attends the annual 
Election Court Service of the 
Fanmakers's Company, St 
Botolph's Church, 6; followed 
by a reception. St Botolph's 
HalL Bishopsgate. 

The Duke of Kent, Vice 
Chairman, the British Overseas 
"’■fade Board, visits Wayne Kerr. 

'gnor Regis. 1 1.3d. and later 
visits Dando Drilling Systems, 
Wharf Road. Little Hampton,. 


The Duchess of Kent presents 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,973 


I Evervone says scab can't - 
you'll have to work (2,3.8). 

9 Concerning a piece from a 
cask (2.7). 

10 Sure about king f3). 

11 LIS prosecutor takes tea in 
Russian country bouse (5). 

12 Protection against birds put 
round a spruce (4). 

13 Overcrowded buildings, 
fifty in loud (4), 

IS At regular intervals, chiv- 
alrous king disappears (7). 

17 Hence trammelling doctor 
with a prohibition (7). 

38 A line from Henry to the 
court (7). 

20 Son out target, zero in and 
finish off (7). 

21 Burn a summons (4). 

22 One who wrote many a 
verse (4). 

23 It sounds big lo have to re- 
duce to little bits (5L 

26 Space in which the culmina- 
tion of the action occurs (3). 

27 Getting down to earth, basic 
instruction (9). 

28 Cross the Rubicon, or jump 
in? (4.3,6). 


1 Hippy resolves to be a bit 
hard on me (5.13.4). 

2 Detectives take it up as an 
aid to detection (5). 

3 To induce error, relays data 
in garbled form (4,6) 

4 Reticent about information 
given to head of CID - it 
could produce conviction 

5 Insult not in vogue (7). 

6 The devil can (4). 

7 Suspect foul play when the 
fish eat Tennyson's headless 
lady (5,1.3). 

8 Conservatives make a 
bloomer with historic mea- 
sure (8,6). 

14 Oldest inhabitant negotiated 
oil bargain (1 0L 

16 Bird or heraldic device (9). 

19 Should be under the doctor 
when it doesn't rain (7). 

20 Pulpit covered with scram- 
bled egg - it’s yellow (7). 

24 Like a Scotsman or an In- 
dian (5). 

25 Second player (4). 

Solution of Puzzle No 16,972 

An 1BA spokesman said 
yesterday: "We would need to 
be assured that there would be 
no change in the nature of the 

Mr Bernstein's board pre- 
dictably rejected the bid yes- 
terday. He said the offer had 
no logic and he knocked down 
Rank's plans for selling holi- 
days in television shops. “ I 
can't think of any reason why 
our customers should want to 
go lo Butlin's*'. 

the Daily Star Gold Star 
Awards, Inn on the Park. Wl, 

Last chance to see 

Nautech: a company's design 
‘path to suoces; The Design 
Centre. 28 Haymarket, SW i; 10 
to 8. 


Recital by John Potter (tenor) 
and Trevor Hold (piano); 
Belvoir Room Charles Wilson 
Building, Lri cesttr University, 
1 . 10 . 

Organ redial by Alison How- 
ell. 1.15, Songs Spirituals Mad- 
rigals and Light Music with St 
Brides Fleet Street Choir and 
Soloists. 6.30. St. Brides 
Church, Fleet Street. 

Trinity College of Music 
Chamber Orchestra, St. James's, 
Piccadilly, 7.3a 

Piano redtal by Misha 
Dichter. 1 ; Concert by the Royal 
Philharmonic Orchestra, 7.45, 
Barbican HaJL 

Piano redial by Nina Sereda, 

Rank Organisation's 
£740 million offer for 
Granada ■- the latest dty 
megabid - will, if success- 
ful, create a huge leisure 
and entertainments em- 
pire offering a “cradle to 
grave" service embracing 
television, video, tinoma, 
bingo, holidays, and 
catering. The combined 
group wiD employ aronnd 
35,000 workers and boast 
profits of more than £200 

milli on. 

The bid has pitted two 
distinctly different 
management styles 
against each other. On 
the one band there Is die 
new, tough professional 
team at Rank headed by 
Sir Patrick Meaney and 

his right- hand mal tha 

chief executive Mr Mi- 
chael Gifford, brought in 
by the city institutions 
when Rank produced a 
string of disappointing 
results three years ago. 

On the other, Mr Alex 
Bernstein, the head of 
Granada, represents the 
third generation of Bern- 
steins ami is likely to pot 
np fierce resistance to 
prevent the end of the 


TV rental: Granada has a 
strong high street presence 
through 650 television rental 
•hops. Since h took over 
Rediffiision nearly two years 
ago, the two chains have been 
merged and the Rediffiision 
name has now disappeared 
along with some 150 shops. 
The combined group now has 
two million customer . ac- 

The merger turned Granada 
into the largest single rental 
brand in the aim 
offers customers the chance to 
buy sets, as many now prefer. 
Usually these are Granada- 
branded products, bat in Scot- 
land the group is 
experimenting with other 
manufacturers' television sets. 
TV pmmwmesiThe Jewel in 
the Crown, a Granada 
Televison production, has re- 
ceived huge acclaim all over 
the world. More recently Gra- 
nada has produced The Advert- 

Anthony Andrews and Jeremy Irons (Brideshead Revisited); Charles Dance with Geraldine Janies (Jewel in the Crown). 

tures of Sherlock, The Brothers 
McGregor and other success- 

These programmes have in- 
creased Granada's already 
strong reputation, backed by 
documentaries such as World 
in Action, and Channel 4 
contributions including End 
of Empire and What The 
Papers Say. 

Many of the programmes, 
notably Coronation Street , 
have sold successfully over- 
seas. Last year Granada sold 
3,300 hours of televison to 79 

M-way services With 13 mo- 
torway service areas, Granada 
is the largest operator in the 
country, serving SO million 
customers annually. Last year 
it opened a new service area at 
Ferrybridge, on the junction 
of the M62 and A1, and this 
year it plans to open new 
service stations near Stirling 
and New bury. 

As well as the usual array of 
canteens, shops and petrol 
services, the new areas wifi 
include small hotels, designed 
for weary drivers, whether 
they are travelling on business 
or with their families. 

Profits from this business 
are growing fast but the cur- 
rent spate of new sites should 
help continue the momentum. 
Bingo dobs: Since the begin- 
ning of latf year Granada 
acquired 12 bingo dubs, tak- 
ing the total operated in the 
Granada Theatre divison to 
52. In Morecombe it opened a 
£1 million-plus, purpose-built 
dub to replace the original 
building destroyed by floods 
in 1983: 

Another dub was opened at 
Word, on the she of a former, 
cinema, at a cost of £750,000. 
In addition two dubs were 
refurbished to provide the 
latest in bingo technology. 

This spring sees the start of 

a national bingo game, involv- 
ing a nightly national prize of 
£50,000 and regional prizes of 
£10,000. This should attract 
more participants to 
Granada's dubs. In addition 
the Odeon cinemas are draw- 
ing new andianoes. 

Music publishing: The 
division's current claim to 
fame is that it holds the 
exclusive rights to Andrew 
LLoyd Webber's Requiem for 
the United Kingdom, Ireland 
and Europe. The company is 
also the sole sales agent for G 
Schirmer, a major American 
music publisher. 

n uwns Diiiiuj 

Rank's empire 

Films: Rank's film and televi- 
sion business is known 
throughout the world. Ten 
major film productions were 
handled at Pinewood Studios 
last year including the latest 
James Bond. A Viewto aKilL 

The video cassette business 
-issued titles such as Alice in 
Wonderland and Woman -in 

The Odeon and Gaumont 
cinema c hains have been en- 
joying buoyant times with 
admissions up by 48 per cent 
last year. 

A lesser known side of the 
business is the film processing 
operation which recently won 
a Queen's Award for Techni- 
cal Achievement 
Holidays: Rank claims to be 
the biggest UK holiday opera- 
tor handling two million 
bookings a year. 

It owns Butlin's, which is 
on improv- 
ing its facilities for holiday- 
makers. About £10 million is 
being spent on the Minehead 
.centre with a new indoor 
water leisure complex, cabaret 
bar and deluxe accommoda- 

, Rank also owns 50 per cent 

of Cal Air International for- 
merly British Caledonian Air- 
ways, caravan parks, leisure 
hotels, marinas, and a string of 
bingo dubs which are expect- 
. ed to benefit from a change in 
the law allowing a daily prize 
of £50,000. 

Hotels: The group owns a 
number of top-rate London 
hotels, including the Royal 
Lancaster, which have done 
well from the increase in 
tourism of the last few years, 
Much has been spent on 
improving their standards. 

At the Gloucester Hotel a 
new 500 seat conference and 
banqueting suite have been 
built, while at other hotels 
improvements are taking 
place at restaurants, bars and 
public areas. 

M-way services: Rank oper- 
ates 19 motorway service areas 
including the Aust on the M4 
overlooking the Severn 
Bridge, where a new cafeteria 
restaurant, shop and transport 
drivers' dub . have been 

Higb-teduRank Precision In- 
dustries fails to attract the 
spotlight but remains a signifi- 
cant part or the group. The 
business provides a range of 
high tech equipment sold to 
television companies around 
the world. 

Rank Cintel is a leading 
supplier of telecine equipment 
used for the conversion of 
images on motion picture film 
to electronic signals. It has just 
.launched a new range of video 
equipment which enables in- 
formation in microform to be 
stored and remotely accessed. 

Another company in the 
division makes meteorologi- 
cal instruments. 

XeroxrtDne of the mainstays of 
the group for years has been its 
stake in Rank Xerox, the 
photocopier associate. Last * 
year, for the first time in 20 
years. Rank succeeded in 
earning more profits from its 
other activities than from its 
shareholding in the Xerox 

This has come as welcome 
relief, particularly as the mar- 
ketplace grows increasingly 
tough for photocopier firms. 
Overseas: In the United Stales 
Rank has started work on a 
major leisure project at Myrtle 
Beach, South Carolina, a fast 
growing holiday and 
recreation area, involving 
building of a hotel, apartment 
blocks, and villas. 

It also runs , a specialist 
lighting company 



Sl Otave, Hart St. 1.05. . 

Bach and his contemporaries: 
organ recital by Richard 
Townend. Sl Margaret, 
Lothbury, 1.10. 

Recital by the Calm us Trio, 
St Margaret Pattens Church, 
EC3, l.ltT 

Concert by the City of Bir- 
mingham Symphony Orchestra, 
Birmingham Town Hall, 7 JO. 
Recital by the Medici String 
uartet, Sl Martin-in-the- 
idds. Trafalgar Square, 7.3a 
Student party music society, 
Guildhall School of Music and 
Drama, 6.3a 

Collectors: & 

What are the Criteria? by Maty 
Regan. John Hansard Gallery, 
The University, Southampton, 

The Middle East, by Sir 
Anthony Parsons. Lcdwanl 
Public Rooms. 7. 

Charles 1 and the ruin of the 
British monarchy, by Dr. J J. 
Morrill, Room 141, Elvet River- 
side Lecture Rooms, (Stage II), 
New Elvei, Durham University, 


The National Gallery - Ac-' 
quisitions of the past ten years, 
by Sir Michael Levey, Dulwich 
Picture Gallery, SE21, 8. 

Ambrogio Lorenzetti: The 
Artist as Political Philosopher, 
by Prof Quentin Skinner, Acad- 
emy Lecture Hall, 20-21 Corn- 
wall Terrace, NWl. 5. 

Mind the gap. by Linbert 
Spencer, Sl James's Church, 
Piccadilly, 1.05. 

Typology, by Charles Hope. 
Warburg Institute, Woburn Sq, 
WCI. 5 JO. 

The East Anglian period of 
manuscript painting, 12.30; 
Medieval Apocalypses, 2. by 
Penelope Wallis, Seminar 
Room. British Library galleries. 
Great Russel SL 
The Role of the Observer in 
Science, for Prof R.L Gregory, 
Large Lecture Theatre. Physics 
Poynting Building, Bfemfegham 
University of 11. 

Genius, talent and failure: 
The Bronte family, by Chris- 
topher Fry. The Great Hall, 
Strand Campus, WC2, 5.30. 

Francis Hayman and 
Vauxhali gardens, by Brian 
Allen, The An Workers Guild. 6 
Queen Square. WCI, 7.30. 

Edinburgh's Colonies by 
Rosemary J. Pipes, William 
Robertson Building (Room 8) 
George Sq, Edinburgh, 7.15. 

Five Faces of the Church, by 
The Rev Ivor Smith-Cameron; 
Essex University, Colchester. 1 . 

Joseph Wright, painter of 
industry, by David Fraser, The 
National Gallery, Trafalgar Sq, 
WC2, 1. 

Fashion Revivals, by Dr Jen- 
nifer Harris, The Whitworth Art 
Gallery, Manchester, 1. 

The United Kingdom Search 
and Rescue Organisation, by Lt 
Cdr HJ. NcilL RAF Cub. 128 
Piccadilly, Wl. 3.30, 

My faith and contemporary 
life, by Cardinal Basil Hume. 
Archbishop of Westminster. St 
Lawrence Jewry, Guildhall, 


Parliament today 

Commons (2-30): Debates on 
Opposition motions on strategic 
defence initiative and on treat- 
ment or private tenants. 

Lords (2.30): Debate on eco- 
nomic situation. 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be lifted 
today at 9.30 am. 

Books — Hardback 

The Literary Ector's nolocBon of 

A flta wa il h a rt RooreiTtoWartd. The Eftd of ttw Great War: Novembe r 
1918, try Stanley Wetatraufo (Allan & Unwin, £1635) 

Pursued by a Mar, An autobiography, by David Howarth (Cotas, £124)5) 
Reflectio ns of a No n P o Btica l Man, by Thomas Mann, transl ate d by Water 
D. Mortis (Lorrimer, £19.50) 

Rotter's tranter and the Oflowreaa of Modem Pubic S cu lpted, by Atoert 
E- Been (Yale, £22, paperback £3-95) 

The Concept of Rent*, by Edo PMevfe (Duckworth, £19.95) 

The Victorian Mirrarof MMory, by A Dwight Cutter (Yale, tZLSO) 

The Yo un g Ita nu re p a y . by Michael Reynolds (BfackwaH. £144)5) 

Treason in Tudor Engfand, Politics andParanoia, by Lacey Baldwin Smith 



WMi Fondest n ao aida . by Rangoisa Sagan, tr an sla ted by Christina 
Donougher (W.H. Men, £94*5) * 

’ PH 

S hakes pe are , by Tarry Ea^eton (Biackwe*. £12-50, paperback 

The pound 


Austria Scii 

Canada S 
Danmark Kr 

Franca ft 
Germany Dm 
Ireland Pt 
My Lire 
Japan Yen 



































Norway Kr 
South Africa Rd 
Spate Pta 
3*a«ten Kir 

Switzerland Ft 

Vugoa k w Ia Dnr 

Rates for am— danc minai ton bank notes 
onhr as suppled by Barclays Bonk PUS. 
Different rates apply to travellers' 
dwpjes and otter foreign currency 










Rotas Price ketoK 3780 

London: the FT Index d osed up 130 at 



Births: David Garrick, Her- 
eford, 1717; Luigi Boccherini, 
Lucia. Italy. 1743; Sir Roderick 
Murchison, geologist, 
Tarrandale. Ross & Cromarty, 
1792; Adeline Patti, Madrid. 
1843; Sven Hcdht, explorer, 
Stockholm. 1865. 

Deaths: Georg Buchner, 
dramatist, Zurich. 1837; Bkxndin 
(Jean-Francob Gravetet), tight- 
rope walker, London, 1897; 
Andre Cide, writer, Nobd laure- 
ate. 1947, Paris, 1931; Knot 
Hamsun. novelist and poet. 
Nobel laureate 1920, Grimstad, 
Norway, 1952; John Grierson, 
pioneer of documentary film, 
Bath. 1972. 


London and the South- 
east A3:bursl water main at 
Wandsworth High St: di- 
versions westbound: A41: out- 
side lane closed in both 
directions at Hendon Way. 
Brent Cross, near the A406; 
M25: Swan ley-Scvcn oaks sec- 
tion opens at about noon. 

The Midlands: MS: Widening 
work SW of Birmingham, Her- 
eford and Worcester, two lanes 
open southbound, one lane 
northbound, between junctions 
4 and 5:M5:(West 
Midlands)repairs: contraflow 
between junctions 2. and 3:A34. 
Warwickshire: roadworks on 
Birmingham to Stratford road. 
Henley-in-Ardcn: temporary 

Wales and the West MS. 
Weston-super-Mare, traffic re- 
duced to two lanes on both 
carriageways between junction 
21 and 2iA36 Salisbury. Wilt- 
shire: widening work in Wilton 
Road; A470. S Glamorgan: out- 
side kmc closed on both 

The North:Ml.S Yorkshire: 
contraflow at junction 32, M18 
interchange, for bridge 
rcpairaA49 Cheshire, bypass 
construction N and S of 
Tarportcy. A6I20: (Leeds outer 
ring road) delays at peak times. 

Scotland:M74 Lanarkshire: 
no petrol available to north- 
bound traffic at Hamilton ser- 
vices between 7am and 
5pm A94 Perthshire: single lane 
traffic, temporary lights at 
Pitcullcn Crcscem/Pcd warden 
Road:A702 Edinburgh: width 
restrictions on Lothian . Road 
northbound between Fountain 
Bridge and Morrison Sl 

Snow Reports 







L U 


Kitzbuhel 55 170 

A goo C skiing over 1 500m 
techgt 100 190 good 

Warm sunshine; lovely conditions 

Les Arcs 120 185 good 

Worn patches on some stapes 
vaiThorens 130 230 good 

Challenging off piste 


Selva 120 140 good 

Good stating and snow taWng 
Grindeiwald 30 9 

New snow hoped for soon 
Gstaad 35 140 

Fresh snow on firm base 
St Morez 100 150 

Light snow on hard base 
Verbtar SO 130 

Stapes excellent 
Wengen 40 100 

Pistes becoming worn 
Zermatt go 140 

Glacier closed: high winds 
in the above reports, supplied by representatives of the Ski Club of Great 
Bntam. L refers io lower stapes and U to upper, and art to arttfietaJ. 

THOM are Montef* flgteM 









Runs to 
















































A cold NE airstream will 
continue to dominate the 

6am to midnight 


E iigt 

London, SE, E, Central N, NE 
land, E Anglia, E Midlands: 
Mainly cloudy, scattered, mainly 
snow showers. Winds mainly 
P«ht or moderate, perhaps locally 
at first Very coJd, Max temp 
ic (341). 

Central S, NW England, W Mid- 
lands, Wales, Lake District, Isle of 
Man, SW Scotland, Glasgow, Ar- 
gyff, N Ireland: Cloudy but with 
sunny intervals. Isolated light snow 
showers. Winds mainly E or SE. 
light or moderate. Cott Max temp 
4c <39f)- 

Channel Is, SW England: Rather 
Cloudy, some bright periods: iso- 
lated snow or steet- showers. Winds 
NE or E moderate, perhaps fresh at 
first Cold. Max temp 4c (390- 

Borders, Edinburgh, Dundee, 
Aberdeen, Central Highlands, Mo- 
ray Firth, NE Scotland, Orkney, 
Shetland: Rather cloudy, snow 
showers, heavy or prolonged at 
times. Winds mainly E. light or 
moderate, veering St and increaa- 
fresh later. Cold. Max 3c (371). 


Near' normaL Max temp 5c (/iff 

■jfcAriMfc AjLAAa 

NOON TODAY Naan « *hown in mlUiaw FRONTS Warm CbM Ocdmted 

By™ lull mid n 



London tefdga 



Scotland: Sunny periods. 
I. snow showers, perhaps 
heavy. Winds variable, mainly 

Outlook for tomorrow and Friday: 
Lithe change, perhaps snow in the 
SW later. 

7417 am 

Sm> Sato: 

542 pm 

Ful moorc February 24. 

Moan sate Moon rises 
428 am 11.17 am 

High Tides 

Lighting-op time 

b-tuup (ky. br-blue sXy and cloud: r 
cloudy, oovcmnl: ( fog: d drizzle. h- 

lull. mKI mLsi: r rain: i wow: th- 

lliundmlorrn: y-iliowm. 

Allow show wind dlrcruon. wind 
w<l imohi circled. Temporal me 



















































































































IMe measured in i 

: iB*=ia«Wt 

London 552 pm to 825 am 
Bristol B£Bjm to 6.46 am 
CiMnh u reh 5-56 pm to 657 am 

. w 5.5? pm jo 6-46 uni 

6.17 pm to 654 am 

Around Britain 


Sun Rain 
las in 

0.2 001 

Tampers lures at irxdday yesterday: c. 
cJouti: t. ten r. ram: ». sun. 

C F C F 

BoltaM f 439 Guernsey f 337 

ffruiohaai c 134 bmemass f 337 

Blackpool e 337 Jersey s 238 

Bristol sn 134 London c 134 

Cardiff an 032 irnchoter e 238 

Edinburgh f 337 Mowc asfl o c 337 

Qtaagow C 541 R'nklssrsy f 337 

C F 

3 37 did 
1 34 cloudy 
0 32 duB 
-2 28 snow 
0 32 ctaudy 

PainoOo - haw 10 ptu 

Mondov Seiurdav record your dully 
Portfolio 10141 

.VM lhnw> knonher lo rtrtcrmiiK* 
\«ir weekly Portfolio 

If void icrtal nuuriHK Ihe pubJnhed dividend fkare you nave won 
outriqM or n share of I hr wl/e money 
•j.ilrtl for Ihal week, and musl claim 
jour wlrr •» msirurlrd below 
How to clam 

wo otanm bow be utnh d outside nwo 

l«« bum have vour raid with you 
when .von irtmtione. 

II you ere unoMe to lelephone 
someone ehc ran r|aim on vour oertaif 
bui they musl have your raid and ran 
The Times Portfolio rtaim fane 
helwrcii (he sllbulaird limes 

NO resDonsiMiiiy ran lie arerMed 
for failure 10 ronlart (he riaints oftire 
for anv reason wllHm Ihe staled 

The above inurwrUons are 
pi frame 10 both daily and 
dividend rlamis 
•some Times Portfolio rarris inriude 
minor misprints in Ihe insiruruom on 
llie reverse side Those rams *rr not 

•Tfw wortUna of Rules S and 3 has 
been e\pandrd from earlier versions 
for rl.irtUraimn purposes The Game 
ilsrtf js not aliened and will continue 
lo fie pkavod ui Narl|y llv same way 

as Ixsqre 

Sun Rain Max 
Art In C F 

Tenby Oil - 1 34 

CotwyuBoy 2.1 - 1 34 

- 3.7 - 2 38 

0.1 - 1 34 

London - 2 36 

B'hmiMrp! - - -1 30 

Bristol <CM) - - 0 32 

0 32 

ai - 2 36 

13 - 2 36 








1.7 - 0 32 

|| r HlyAjuli 

• 0.04 



61 0.01 



20 - 



EsteMtee*^ JX3 




1.1 - 



64 - 



68 - 



05 041 



04 041 



15 - 





SL Andrews 




























2 36 doudy 

tinaa ora Mondoy*i Bgorea 


HOMY: c. doult d. drizzle; l. tafc; fg. fog; r. rate; S. sue an, snow, t, tfkaxte. 

C F 

JUacdo f 

ttraiU s 
MortMa c 
Algtere c 
Ansfdm c 


C F 
f 15 59 
C 14 57 


B ta nte 

1986- Printed and 


try Tiroes 


4100 . 

1960, -- 
the Post 

MM^rered as a' newspaper ai 



C F C F 

15 SS Cotegne an -3 27 

18 84 C-pbaui s -2 28 

19 68 Corfu 

17 83 DM*! c 3 37 Matetete c 20 88 

-1 30 Dubraak c 12 64 MaodeoC s 19 68 

Fare f 14 57 Mtenti* s 27 81 

19 06 Homes Mian 

28 82 ftankltet s -4 25 Hoat w aT sb -6 16 

18 81 Racial c 17 63 Moscow an -8 18 

Sanaa fa 2 36 Munkk s -1 30 

5 41 abater HaireU f 28 82 

-5 23 HofateU s-10 14 fteto 

19 88 HongK s 19 58 NOdM s 24 75 

IQ 50 Inmwcfc I 4 38 HYorif* C 134 

-1 30 MOriM Mm r 8 46 

S 48 Joddafa * 28 820010 8 -3 27 

-3 27 Jaffaure* f 24 75 Pari* « -1 30 

2 36 Karachi S 25 77 Pakteg e 0 32 

28 79 L Patens o 20 68 Par ft 

20 06 Lisbon > « 13 55 Prague an -4 25 

31 88 Locarno c 2 38 ftay&rik t 2 38 

Limbs 1 -5 28 Rhodes 
1 34 L Angela* c 15 58 tawte s 24 75 

19 68 Madrid c 10 50 RwdaJ* c 31 88 

■ denotes Monday's llgvra* are latea avateb 


S F’riseo* c 15 59 


« -8 18 
Stentfig n 423 
c 26 79 


Tel Ante s 18 64 

c 20 58 

so 1 34 
_ d -2 28 

Tote S 17 63 
Valencia s 16 61 
Vsnow q -1 80 

^ dr 0 32 

Warn* e - -4 25 
Wasutoa* t 11 58 
WafUgtn f 21 70 
Zurich c 1 34 


* 13 

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