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j)i l>* tlSiO 

:<• *• 
SSS . r ,.1 

*t '• •. 

No 62,386 



* 7 


A restaurant 
dream . . . 

Always wanted to 
own your own 
restaurant? A bistro 
your idea of bliss? 
Dinner party 
dreamers who join 
the professionals 
often find they have 
bitten off more than 
they can chew. 
Check out the 
pitfalls ofbecoming 
a patron, before you 
crack open the 

N Y memories 
A National 
debut for 
Neil Simon 

Kingston showdown 
Testing time for 
England in 
the West Indies 

Parents to 

get more 
powers in 


Rirenis are to have a far Cnunrik are to continue to 

stronger say in the running of 
schools in England and Wales, 
the Government promised 
yesterday . ft published an 
education Bill that would .end 
the “domination” of school 
governors’ meetings by politi- 
cal activists by increasing 
repres e nta t i o n of parents. 

The Bill also gives the 
Government wide new powers 
to set up a system of testing 
teachers* competence in the 
classroom. But the machinery 
is to be kept in reserve because 
it hopes teachers* unions and 
councils can agree on a volun- 
tary scheme as part of a 
settlement of Ore teachers' pay 

Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary 
of State for Education and 
Science, said yesterday that 
reformed governing bodies for 
schools, ode to be established 
from September 1987, could 
mean more discipline, less 
jxsoe studies, but perhaps also 
more pres sure from parents 
for spending* on education. 

The reform win afreet 

of decide all questions of f .. 

=s, teachers' pay and competence. 

ed Dismissing teachers, too, , 

m will be a rrumrr in which the -a* , 

id council will have the final say. 
ol Discipline in schools is gov- 
tt- erned by a myriad of local 

V rules. For the first time, the 

BUI will p*iahH<h a national ' £$£K£jjL 

fa pattern by mAl dn g it the 

rs explicit duty of each i%a 

*8 headteacher to secure stan- ,'j 

»e dards of acceptable behaviour 

V by popfls in accord with a 
te general statement on disci- 

* . piine written by the governors.' The Queen and the Duke of Edm- 
^ ~ The Government's plan was bargh with fire Gurkha holders of the 
a a“redpe for chaos”. Mr Nigel Victoria Cross in Kathmandu, Nepal, 

V de Gruchy, deputy general yesterday. From the left they are: 
secretary of tire National As- Rambahador Umbo, Toltehadur 

X social ion of Pnn, Gan jo Lama, Bhanbakta Gnrung 

° . Schoolmasters/Union of and Agamting M limbo m his VC 
Wpmen Teachers said. during the Borneo camp* fan for 

j . Kit Mr David Hart, of the resoring two men while under intense 
j. National Ass o cia t i o n of Head mf M nc - gw i fire »nd wftboot cover. 

Women Teachers said. 

But Mr David Hart, of the 
National Association of Head 
Teachers, said the Govern- 
ment had found the right r— , - , m 

balance, except in the issue of I nhKij 

ttilriplimng ppilc. flnw miiig A vUUll ■ 

bodies should have more pow- •-* . 

er. 1*31 1 Si flt 

However, The National ai 

Confederation of Parent- . TT' 

Teacher Associations. which X UlV 

claims to represent five m3- # m " 

bon parents, said: “The parent 
is the first educator of the U .111 Vi3 

difld and it is essential to ^ . 

encourage parents to partici- „ nenas 

pate more folly in the life of Political Correspondent 
the school. Mr Norman . Tebbit at- 

“Bul we rcgrettfae failure of ***** yesterday the “nmd- 
Gnveniment in nco gant that slinging leaders of foe dirty 

Pun woo his in Burma when he 
charged alone over 30 yards of muddy 
open ground and knocked out a 
Japanese position. T^wa was 
honoured for crawling forward and 
single-handedly, despite a broken 
wrist and wounds to his leg and right 
hand, destroying two enemy tanka. 
Gnrung won his VC for returning two 
grenades which landed in a bunker, 

and despite haring a third explode in 
his hand, going on to kill 31 of the 87 
a tt a c ki ng enemy. Rai was awarded his 
VC for nis efforts in Burma when, 
under withering foe from a machine- , 
gun post and a 37mm gun, he charged 
and took the post before taking the j 
37mm gun. 

There fa £4400 to be wm fa 
today’s Times Portfolio dmfy 
competition as there was bo 
winner yesterday. Portfolio 
list page 21; how to play, 
information service, page 32 , 

: — rcsponsnnraes, inouj 

Argentines SBAfis 

raiopf wbal “ f "iW* to®* 

A V Ivvi . . . teachers are paid, an 

. ** ■ m wen they teach. 

TCI lire ATT AP Governors wiU be re 
"■ 4 9 B « V »j UlxVl to' think about what is t 

The visiting of 

Argentine parirunentariaiis 
announced mat they had. jr- 
jected an hmt&uonfto hoW 
talks with MrTrmotny fonar. 
a junior minister at MW 
eign . Office. A r government 
statement- expressed disap- 

BP record 

Record profits of £1.6 bQHon 
have been announced by BP 
which has also defended its 
decision not to cut petrol 
prices more quickly at the 
pumps Page 17 

28,000 stale schools, primary w .. . 

and secondary. However,_ The National 

In fatunTrepresentativcs of 

parents are to equal the mus- teacher Associations, which 


local counc9& The Govero- 

to have a **> 18 — ' » rf 

much dearer, definition of -^T 001, . , 

responsibilities, though the rtnwninmiSfiSLlnSJS^ 
Government has sopped Government to recogmze that 

JSfrfSW foem^SS 

additional mBueace over 80 

what is taught, how much • 

teadiers are paid, and how 

Wen they teadu secretary ,°f the National 

Governors wiU be required 

tothink about what is taught .. ^ cy BfiRptlQ impose a 
NothiiB has better ffiusSted 

theimpateiice of governor -.ffiSSS - ‘ * ° PPKeA ^ 

thanilKwnialffijyfoqiieaiOT.v.W^^H^ - 

what difldrtn Were taught- ' Leadtog article, page 13 

Thatcher attacks 
anti-US hysteria 

By Phflip Webster, Political Reporter 
The Prime Minister and her But she addedTI fear that 

and cheap” opposition parties 
in a speech which swept aside 
his Cabinet colleagues’ ap- 
peals for a mootber approach 
to the political battiefrimt 
Speaking at a tench ar- 
ranged by the -Americas 
Chamber of Commerce In 
London, foe Co ns e rvative par- 
ly chairman's nf t ichn ap- 
peased to apply to .Tory 

By Jeremy Waraer, Business Correspondent 
Guinness nods a fresh at- Scotland and some distilleries 

if necessary. This company 
would be entrusted to 
Guinness’s merchant bank, 
Moigao Grenfdl, until a suit- 
able buyerwas found. 

The proposal was described 

tempt yesterday to push if necessary. This company 

DS^mOT? m5cHv aMtoe ****& *“ tp** 6 ^ would be entrusted to 

more quuday xt the hottmc^^hDisGite^^he Guinness’s merchant bank, 
p p ^ rate it Johmue^ Waflrer whisky . and Morgan Grenfell, until a smt- 

QanMuivtc /will Gordon’s gin drinkS group. able buyerwas found. 
03U1L.UU112I Ldll ^ The new metga: terms come The prm»sal was described 

Sanctions to prevent dentists * ess * week after tire as “astonishing and cosmetic” 
“drilling for by carrying t wn£i ai ^? I S 10 ^ Janies Gulliver’s AigyD 

out unnecessary treatment na ^ eoc cn W..- a supennarket group, which has 

were urged yesterday by a r ctereooetotlre Monopolies made a rival £2.3 billion bid. 
Government inquiry Page 3 BP? pmnmssjon. Mr David Webster, Aigylfs 

O— ‘ L. ^S. lhe <? iew ? finance director, said he felt 

Snub by EEC s? a ^ ** the fi«shi»d would 

™ , „ heves will quell fears at the suffer the same fete as the first 

EEC envoys in Manila called Office of Fair Trading and in and be referred to tire Modod- 
on Mrs Uxazon Aquino m the Government about the 0 !ies Commissi on. 
what appeared to be an un- effects of the merger on com- nwo. «« i a « 

precedented diplomatic ges- petitioa h the whisky market aiS^ver^eSS^formS 
jure, anda snub for PreskSi ^Gumness said that it would .J*? ^.d^^SSrS 
Marcos m the wake of the sell rights to a number of 

rcccnl disputed poB SSSSSL*oSS?iS 

fiivtl borne market to reduce the ^ pjx^osal had been 

OpaCc IirSt oomlnned groups share to kss veQe( j bySirGodfray Le 

The Soviet Union put into «.u Q»*esne, lire chairman of the 

orbit a giant, new-generation Monopolies Commission, 

srace station in a nnhfic Wy include ^Oaymore, which . . . advis-rf Mr Geoffiev 

Snilh hv with a formula Which it be* 

OUUU U y J liSLiX^ beves wffl quell fears at the 

■ EEC envois in Manila called OfiSce of Rur Trading and in 
on Mrs Corazon Aquino in the Government about the 
whai appeared to be an un- effirets of the merger on com- 

precedented diplomatic 
lure, and a snub for Pres 

Space first 

The Soviet Union pot into 
orbit a giant, new-generation 

petitioa in the whisky market. 
Guinness said that it would 

space station in a PobficIJ"* ^ 

relations exercise to dramatize IJSjSPSJL StfvLfiJwh 
dK forthcoming Cdmmmria 

Page 6 

Reagan visit 

The Real Mackenzie and Bu- 
rarty congress Va&b ^ ^ 2 per 

n *. #. cent; and John Bair, with less 

Reagan visit . 

-b ,r«I . . . The new group, however, 

?2^V Rca flSr VCd Jf wbtild netainthe ririrts in 
Grenada fora fiyeboirevisrt. markets to Tbe Real 

He was greeted bythe Gover* jSSenzie, Buchanan and 

no S'^ I,€ Si’ Haig, ^Mof Scotland's oldest 

and lbe^Pnine Minister; Mu wh kki es with a taown history 

Herbert Raize. 

NRA pledge 

Uganda’s new Government 
said it would remain in power 
for a maximum of four years 
and pledged to honour l^al 
obligations incurred by previ- 
ous adminis trations . 

Antis interview, page 7. 

dating back to the 17tb cento- « iraoe-anq inoustry was 
_ unable to comment 

Guinness, which owns - The Office of Fair Trading 
Britain’s best-sdliim Scotch, said that it had no prior 
Beirs, said thatrigh ts totbe knowledge of the fresh merger 
brands would be -vested in a proposal and could not say at 
new company winch would this stage whether it would 
also be given adequate Mend- escape a reference to the 
fog and bottling facilities in Monopolies Commission. 

Y. Hesdttoe as weO as Laboar 

FpDSl till 

Wp He said: “I deeply regret 
■ ga%- .>■ . . flat sdtstyW serious cob- 

Tldfni tenders for high political office 

i" XXJilXl willing ;|s damage 

” - both oar Anglo- American 

s Correspondent friendship aad^ Jgdped the 

HietiiiM-iM- prospects for jobs in Britain by 
ushig dirty and cheap anti- 
ossary. This company Americanfam In vmsaH of 
d be entrusted to ^ ami gfceap votes for dirty 
nesss mCTchant baitic, andcheap pofitkal parties.” 

SSS&f 1 a OT, ‘ >2 S? S, «id 

Americans should not get 
!i£S^ w !? desc ?5 e S fttranoid: they- were not foe 
domshing and cosmetic oatv victims. 
r JamesGuflivcr’s AigyD 
market group, which has 
a rival £2.3 billion bid. 

>avid Webster, AigylTs «L"iSE2 

* director, said he felt pta-fJijSVSrfi/IiSiS 
hat the fresh ted would 1 

ASSESS? 1 ?i? S M efim 

e referred to the Monop- 

teiog bo-hS 

** k* aod dirt, without thought of 

over whether the fonnu- ^ rfomam . inflated." 

*P*fo °f recent appeals 
Leader of foe Commons, for a 


e,1hedajnninoftlie [^s«J«3^1£ioUt- 
,pal,W. Comm ission, 

try, to Uy aside the ■ ” w . * * ?” ** 

** confront the 

stood that Mr Fame did with foe issues of the 

sow that Guinness was fiertion. 
fo tomcb a fresh ted They would iradade a choice 

greed to lay aside the f w the nation between contin- 
sce^OTly bipose, be wd ConsmatireJed rerorery 
it Gumness had grven -“or whether k wiU sink back 
chase. The Depamnent info half-baked Socialism, or 
sde and Industry was m har d- baked Socfefism 
: to comment- That b, whether k wffl become 

Office of Fair Trading more like West Germany or 
bat it had no prior East Germany, more akin to 
edge of the fresh merger America or Albania.” 
al and could not say at MrTebbit’s ministerial erft- 

age whether it would ics woe last night ex p res sin g 
a reference to the a degee of res i gnation at their 
xilies Commission. Contfamed on page 2, col 3 

senior colleagues yesterday 
accused opponents of the 
General Motors - British Ley- 
land deal of deliberately stok- 
ing up anti-American feeling 
in their efforts to thwart the 

In a concerted government 
drive to win support for the 
American option Mrs Marga- 
ret Thatcher and Mr Norman 
Tebbit, the Conservative Par- 
ty chairman, welcomed over- 
seas investment in Britain 
and, along with Mr Paul 
Channon, Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry, made 
dear that Ley land’s losses 
could - not continue to be 

bi another development Sir 
John Hoskyns, former bead of 
i the Prime . Minister’s policy 
unit, said it had been wrong to 
call off the talks between 
Austin Rover and Ford, Warn- 
ing ministers whom he said 
had not thought the issue 
through and had deflected the 
Government by reacting to 

In the Commons Mrs 
Thatcher said that support for 
British Leybnd [had cost every 
family in Britain £200, a 
situation that could not con- 

She said that British compa- 
nies had acquired 160 busi- 
nesses in the United States last 
year and 142 in 1984; there 

Royal tour, page 9 

Talks at 
Acas over 

By Michael Horsnell 
Exploratory talks between 
News International and foe 
Advisory, Conciliation and Ar^ 

was no anti-British feeling political debate.” 

some anti-American feeling Uli3U UlV' 
has been around - 1 fear some 
deliberately - in the United By Michael Horsnell 
Kingdom about the future of Exploratory talks between 
British Ley land.” News International and foe 

Mr Tebbit. in a speech to Advisory, Conciliation and Al- 
ike American Chamber of bitration Service took place in 
Commerce, said that the Unit- London yesterday over foe 
ed Kingdom was now seen by dismissal of 5,000 print work- 
the United States and Japa- ers involved in the newspaper 
nese companies as the most group's move to Wapping, east 
favourable base for long-term London, 
investment giving them access After foe 90-mimite meeting 

to foe European market. a joint statement said only that 

“Whata change. Past efforts further talks may be possible 
by governments other than soon, 
this to find foreign suitors for News International ex- 
BL were derided and criticized plained its position in the 
only for their failure. Today dispate- which began last 
foe Government is criticized month when its praters went 
because a foreign buyer might 00 strike and the company 
well be successful.” abandoned publication at its 

Mr Tebbit said that for premises in Gray’s Inn Road 
many years increasing Ameri- and Bonrerie Street 
can investment in Britain had The talks coincided with 
been creating jobs and pros- force farther developments in 
perity. The Government wel- foe dispute yesterday: 
coined inward investment, he • Sogat *82, the print anion 
said. which was fined £25,000 and 

Mr Tebbit attacked the l»d its £17 miQioa assets 
party’s opponents in foe frozen for contempt of coart 
House of Commons, accusing after ignoring a High Court 
them of “dirty and Cheap anti- order to stop instructing its 
Americanism in pursuit of members at wholesalers to 
dirty and cheap votes for dirty Mack the four newspapers, 
and cheap political parties.” paid the fine. But it declined to 

He said; “I fear it is one of PWBf its contwn^ 
foe worst features of foe •The Leeds office or foe 
present spell of foe new multi- seqwistrators, London ctei- 
party politics in Britain that it accountants Ernst ana 

has so badly eroded serious Wlunney, was occupied for 
political debate.” more than two hoars by 20 

Continued on page 2, col 6 Continued on page 2, col 1 





By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

There was confusion in 

govern men: circles last night 
over reports that vast stretches 
of woodland, worth perhaps 
£1,000 million, were to be 

A reported decision by min* 
isters to sell almost everything 
owned by foe Forestry Com- 
mission would have meant 
that plantations and beauty 
spots adding up to more than 
foe areas of Devon and Corn- 
wall combined were up for 

However, last night foe 
Scottish Office said that no 
decisions had been taken. 
Most of foe commission’s 
land is in Scotland. The 
Scottish Office added that it 
had received no recommenda- 
tion from the commission for 
disposal of land to private 

Any such decision would 
mark a rapid acceleration of 
foe piecemeal sales of com- 
mission land that began more 
than four years ago, amid 
complaints that foe process 
has been too secretive and too 
rapid for nature-lovers to buy 
woods important for wildlife. 

A meeting of ministers yes- 
terday failed to dispel confu- 
sion. No statement was issued 
after Mr Michael Jopting, 
Minister of Agriculture, met 
Mr Nicholas Edwards and Mr 
Malcolm Rifirind, Secretaries 
of State for Wales and Scot- 

It was not clear how the , 
Government would sell the 
land without disrupting the 
market. Woods sold so far : 
have fetched between about 
£150 and £650 an acre, de- 
pending on size, position and 
commercial prospects. Some 
have not found buyers. 

Conservative and Labour 
MPs reacted angrily yesterday. 

Mr Neil Kinnock, foe La- 
bour leader, said: “Any option 
which includes foe wholesale 
flogging off of Forestry Com- 
mission land-especially since 
foe Commiss on was set up by 
general* acclamation— to City 
and commercial interests win 
be fought tooth and nail” 


Continued on page 2, col 6 



1 o 

, {/ 

requirements. Guinness said 
that the proposal had been 
vetted by Sr Godfrey Le 
Quesne, foe chairman of the 
Monopolies Commission, 
who had advised Mr Geoffrey 
Pattie, Minister of State for 
Industry, to lay aside the 
previous refer ence decision. 

However, Argyll said it 
understood that Mr Pattie did 
not know that Guinness was 
about to launch a fresh bid 
and agreed to lay aside the 
refer en ce only because be 
thought Guinness had given 

oP Trade • and Indusby^wtf 
unable to comment 

The Office of Fair Trading 
said that it ted no prior 
knowledge of the fresh merger 

US blames PLO for 
peace talks failure 

From Michael Bin yon, Washington 

The Reagan Administration 
said yesterday that despite the 
breakdown of talks between 
King Husain and foe Palestine 
Liberation Oiguiization, it 
would continue its efforts to 
encourage direct negotiations 
between Jordan and Israel for 
a “just, durable and lasting 
peace in foe Middle East” 

“The PLO leadership has 
been unable to agree to negoti- 
ations with Israel and unable 
to end violence while negotia- 
tions are under way." 

The Administration dearly 
believes that it will now be 
impossible for foe King to go 
ahead on his own unless some 
means is found of including 

But it suggested there would non-PLO Palestinians. The 
be little movement forward latest twist confirms 

while all parties embarked on Was hi ng t on’s view that Mr 
a “period of reflection.” Yasrir Arafat cannot be tnist- 

In a statement strongly ***■ 
critical of the PLO, the State Washington is eager to keep 
Department said its leader- its lines of communication 
ship had been unable to meet open _to King Husain, though 
foe King's challenge to accept foe indefinite postponement 
key United Nations Security of foe $1.5 billion arms pack- 
Cooncil resolutions which he age for Jordan has certainly 
had termed foe basic corner- cast a shadow over relations, 
stone of a just settlement. Peace setback, page 6 


move to 

• To and from South Africa, SAA offer 
one-terminal simplicity at Heathrow 
Terminal 1. 

• Connections with other airports 
throughout the UK, Ireland and Europe. 

• More choice of non-stops to and from 
South Africa. 

Justice quest Judge challenge to Hailsham over 6 gag’ 

A couple's straggle over three 
and a half years to see justice 
■against the man they teamed 
for killing ihdr son with drugs 
was vindicated when the man 
was jailed . for 


Page 2 1 

End of ban? 

The ban on English. fasten 
clubs c om pet i ng is Europe 
could be lifted by the UEFA 
congrt» m ApriL according to I 
a senior FIFA offiriaJ 


Hone News 2-5 Letter* ■ 13 
Owen 44 Motoring . # 
Appts 20 Parttssest 4 
Arte 15 Sale Rows • M 

Bw d M P 17*21 S*w • J* 
Cowt M Show RepWts 32 

CrttSWOt&KpZ Sport 26-25 
Dikiy 12 lustra, etc 31 
Festwra 16-12 TVAKwlio .31 
Low Report 4 Wester. 32 
Leaden 13 

;By Frances Gfl*; Legal Affairs Correspondent 

A judge IttsdaBoiged Lord judge renoraces, as Ihsre,*^ 

HaifafeRtt of St Maitfeboae, sort of promotion, honour, or 
the Lwff CbnceBoc, on the bvenr, afl «f which flew from 
rates which pretest judges Lord Haflstenfs overflowing 
from sprtiUag pMehr to the hands, it is dangerous to step 
mafia, fa a ca mp aign for out of fine?, he said, 
reform which, pots Ur job -at Hbcommetfs, lint made fa 

direct risk. an aitkie m a national news- 

judge Mdes, a dreoSt paper, are to beftekmed by a 
Mae based at Leeds, wfcofas broadcast fUs week an the 
came dose to dismissal for BBC radio Lev /* Action 
speaking oat m the past^ has pro g ram me, 
mndean mttspoken attack « “Ite breaking new ground, 
the. ao-caBed Sfiaair ndes,- I'm trying to modernize the 
drawn up in J955 fry foe Lord jnffidary, Which is ratter a 
CfauceSer of that name , to bold tfcfe to do. 1*0 not doing 

ensure that die judiciary was 
**iasn]ate& against the cootto; 
refries of foe day”. 

this because I Eke to fire 
dangerously but because I 
before it’s abeat time far a bit 

Judge Pickles, who has re- 
' newed his judicial attack 

Jndge Pickles said foe refer of frankness and honesty m 
woe now mack too wide and this profession which is so 
their “rigid application” by cocooned with telftrnfos” 
Lord Haflstem was not- rap- Judge Pickles sa& in an 
ported by a amber of jndges. ' - interview *Kh-72* Tones, 

^An Increasing number of ns He said judges must be free 

k becoming restive. Unless a to contribute to public discos* 

Uirat-speaking Yorkshireman 
who describes himself as a 
*TadkaT. although be has 
voted Conservative. He is well 
known to ratio listeners as foe 
successful playwright James 
Fairfax, and mine recently tes 
written mater his own name, 
James Pickles. Wilfred Pick, 
les, the actor, fa hfa node. 

He derided to speak out 
against foe ‘’gagg i n g of 
jm^es” in two newspaper 
articles last year which 
broaght foe foil opprobriirai of 
foe Lord CtenceBor upon him. 

' In a tetter, Lord Haifaham 
said be considered the articles, 
whkh concerned Government 
pressure oa judges to shorten 
sentences, foe parole system 

before it’s abent time far a bit sion. “We are not nmnag a pressure oa judges to shorten 
of frankness and honesty in pabfic company. The pabBc sentences, foe parole system 
this profession which is so and what they fomfc mHw and weaknesses of the prison 
cocooned with half-truths” most What do they . fomfc system, as prims fade u jmfi- 
Jndge Pickles sa3~ fa on about the rules and a bent the 'rial misbehaviour”, which is a 
interview wMlTIr Times. way Lord HaBsham applies ground for dfamfasing a judge. 

He said jadges mast be free them? I would Gke to know. 

Pkkles protested. 

to omtribatetopiibBc&cns- Judge Pickles, aged 60, is a The Lord Chancellor replied , retained”. 

that recent events, and in 
particular the newspaper arti- ■ 
des, “show yon hare not 
heeded the warnings which | 
those senior to you hate given. 
This most be the result of 
foolishness or a complete lack 
of sensitivity”. 

The jndge gave an undertak- 
ing not to write farther news- 
paper articles, bat he has now 
withdrawn that "^“ tatrmg, 

Apart from the Kflmnir 
roles and foe parole system, he 
said he is also concerned about 
todiefe! delays and the “over- 
whelming number of bail 

A spokesman for the Lord 
Chancellor's Department said 
yesterday: “The Kfrndr roles 
were the subject of an exten- 
sive trawl iff the judiciary fast 
year and the, overwhelming 
view was that they should be 

—we moke the difference 

Call SAA : 25 1 Regent Srreec London W1R 7VD.Tcl.fll-7W Wl. 
t fc Wairrioo SirteL BinrinKham Td. (121-643 <WB. 
ftjcr SdecL \UncheMn Td Ubl-S 34 W.lft Hope Street 
Q.v*?"*Td 0*1-221 2S32. 

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■ Ji- 11 



Couple win three-year 
fight to jail man who 
killed son with drugs 

A mother’s struggle over 
foree-and-a-half years to bring 
. to court the man she blames 

■ for the death of her teenage 
son ended successfully yester- 
day when he was jailed for 15 

. months for manslaughter. 

Mrs Pauline Williams, aged 
" 45. clutched her husband and 
' gave a sigh of relief when the 
jury at St Alban's Crown 
. Court returned a verdict of 
- guihv on Gary Austin, aged 

■ 25. 

The jury of six men and six 
women took more than three 
hours to decide by a unani- 
- ‘ mous verdict that he bad 
unlawfully killed Mr John 
. Williams, aged 19, a dairy 
. worker. 

They also found him guilty 
. of maliciously administering a 
noxious substance, the drug 
Palfium, so as to endanger life. 
He was sentenced to 15 
months’ imprisonment on 
that charge, to run concurrent- 

passing sentence. Mr Jus- 
tice Staughton said: “This case 
must be a warning to those 
who inject others with danger- 
ous drugs, even at their re- 

The prosecution alleged 
that Austin, a despatch rider, 
of Burton Road. Stockwell, 
south London, had caused the 
death of Mr Williams by 
assisting him to inject 
Palfium, a pain-killer used by 
cancer patients. 

After the incident on Sep- 
tember 2. 1982. the Director 
of Public Prosecutions ad- 
vised the police that there was 
insufficient evidence to bring 
charges against Austin. 

But Mts Williams and her 
husband. Ray. aged 48, a 
motor fitter of Whipperiey 
Ring, Luton. Bedfordshire, 
were prepared to spend 
around £16.000 of their sav- 
ings to take the case to court 
h was the first time this 
century that a manslaughter 
case instigated by a private 
prosecution bad been brought 
to trial. The DPP took over 
vhe case after magistrates at 
Luton committed Austin for 
trial last September. 

After they had returned 

contents of the syringe had 
been injected by Austin. 

As the verdict was an- 
nounced, friends and relatives 
of Austin began sobbing. 

Dei Insp Richard Roscoe 
then read out to the packed 
courtroom details of Austin's 
criminal record, which includ- 
ed two lines for possession of 
drugs, including LSD, a three- 
year prison sentence imposed 
in March 1 983 for the burglary 
of chemists' shops and the 
theft of drugs, and for possess- 
ing the Palfium involved in 
the Williams' case. 

He had been released from 
prison in March 1984, after 
serving 18 months. 

Mr Stephen Coward, for 
Austin, said: "The man who in 
September 1982 was deeply 
enmeshed in the hard drugs 
scene, and injected bard drugs, 
is now out of it” 

He said the defendant had 
received a small inheritance 
enabling him to move away 

Thatcher i Savage says faults 




over births 

Mrs Wendy Savage, the She left instructions that 
Mr Chinnon,^e^ngat a obstetrician, yesterday teftd the mother should be given a 
trade and industry fornm at jj, e into her profits- trial of labour and believed 

Conservative sional future that she feb her registrar was experienced 

■d™ a ““S”, oetwee* isolated from the rest of her enough to deride when a 
P 6 ™® “5, Lan “ !: 0 V f; consultant colleagues at the Caesarean section was neces- 
Leyland offered one way out Lgaasm Hospital -and from saw. 

erf both companies dimeal- important policy decisions af- The registrar telephoned 
nei Both were undfir-junz^ ter professor Geddis Professor Gmdzinsakas dur- 
both were tasfog Gradzinskas became head of ing the night because be was 

the obstetrics department worried abouLthe case but did 
their products bo* were f&fl- she practised alone at the not contact her. When she 

not incompetence 

By NidsdasTtannins^odal Senses Correspondent 

Inland offered one way out SrkSSd to 

She left instructions that 
the mother should be given a 
trial of labour and believed 
her registrar was experienced 
enough to deride when a 
Caesarean section was neces- 

their products both were &3- 

to generate the inrome fakirs Mile End site; while 
which they oeeded tp fond the ^ fonr ^ coQa^ were 

— r ■ a v 1 * iivi ivui tliillJb 

next generation rfvetad» based at Whitechapel 
Such a position could not be when she went to divisioo- 
ma i ntaine d. al meetings to discuss depart- 

He denied suggestions by mcnla j policy she felt 

Conservative and Labonr acludal -because the four 
MPs that Land Roverwas part consuls* « Wbitechapd 

of tire deal “ * “*™®fknerV would get together, decide 
Land Rover was part of the wbat they wasted to do, aad 

their verdicts, the foreman of from Luton, buy a motorcycle 
the jury was asked whether uid obtain a job in London as 
they had found that Austin a despatch rider. 

had injected all of the contents 
quest, or help others to inject of a syringe into Mr Williams, for the first rime for many 
themselves. some of the contents, or years las seen some prospect 

“If the other person dies, whether Mr Williams had of living his life away from the 
such conduct is manslaughter injected himself. horrors that your Lordship 

for which the maximum sen- The jury foreman said they has heard about,” Mr Coward 
tence is life imprisonment." had found that some of the said. 

"He has got a girlfriend and 
for the first rime for many 

potential deal because it wjjeu we met I was presented 
would begood for La*l Rover wjfo a fcit accompli,” she told 

rtS the mqmiy on the second day 
of ber defence. “I became 
meniMxChsmnonuevei^- from the dedsfoo- 

less added: ^The GM deal matins mrv*« - 

seems likely to offer real thought that 

solutions to real pro tons. was deliberate, shesaid: “Jx is 
Sir John, who is the director uo<-h «n tnmv i ncnmMi »* 

air jonn. wno is ine cureoar ^ ^ tao w. j 3ssamed Jt 

^peral of the Inauute of was not at the time, bat 

looking back ft is difficrii to 

Rover was a weak company w 

^Mrs Savage has accused her 

colleagues of -extraordinary 
and unprecedented 

Hie Princess of Wales opening the British Medical 
Association’s new library at Tavistock Square, London, 

Acas holds talks 
about Wapping 

Continued from page 1 

demonstrators protesting 
about the seizure of Sogat’s 

• The National Graphical As- 
sociation, the other traditional 
print union involved in the 
dispute, again deferred an- 
nouncing the result of a ballot 
- among its members producing 
The Times’ weekly supple- 
ments amid speculation that it 
has lost the vote for blacking 
the three publications. 

The NGA says that by 
holding a successful ballot it 
would be legally entitled to 
reimpose blacking of the sup- 
plements. It has already been 

sequestrators for the running 
of its convalescent homes to- 
gether with genuine hardship 
and disability payments 
0 Mr Christopher Warman. 
the property correspondent of 
The Times was taken to hospi- 
tal with a badly cut face last 
night after a broken glass was 
thrust into his face by a man 
who accused him of being a 

The incident happened in 
the Fakenham Anns, near the 
newspaper's former Gray's 
Inn Road offices. The attacker 
and two companions ran away. 
• Twelve people are to appear 
before Thames magistrates 

rails at 

f 10.5m boost for 
art heritage fund 

have talked to Ford. 

In the Commons Mrs 
Thatcher and Mr Neil 
Kinnock, the Labour leader, 
dashed over the assurances 
being sought from potential 
buyers. Mrs Thatcher said 

Thatcher said 

suspension last year, and that 
they were -intolerant” of 
methods which differed from 
their own. 

Yesterday, the second day 
of the inquiry, she defended 

there were do bidding enforce- “ «*“ ? “£<* “? 

able assurances about the proles- early warning signs of the baby 

ing the night because he was 
worried abouuhe case but did 
not contact ber. When she 
discussed the case later with 
tire registrar. Dr Toby Fay. she 
told the inquiry, he said to her 
**1 did not warn to do another 
Caesarean because I was 

She told him. she said, -that 
I do not believe this baby died 
because of the labour or 
defreety but because of a rare 
Wood disorder”. 

The child is believed to* 
have died from a tear in the 
brain but no post- mortem 
examination was carried out, 
m tire request of the parents. 

In the case of Mrs SP. who 
spent eight hours in the sec- 
ond stage of labour, Mrs 
Savage said the case was most 
unusual m that the mother 
bad no desire to push. She 
used a syntocinon drip to 
encourage contractions be- 
cause neither the mother nor 
baby was distressed and it was 
dear that the baby was not in 
danger. It was eventually de- 
livered by Caesarean section. 

In the cast of Mrs LG, 
whose baby was still-born, 
Mrs Savagatgreed that there 
bad been a failure to pick up 

future of & loss-making BL. 

fined £25,000 for contempt for next week after a demonstra- 
ignonng an order to stop tire tkm by 2,000 people outside 


The NGA did not explain 

the Wapping plant on 
Wednesday night. Five police 

yesterday why it had not officers were hurt bat none 
announced the result of its seriously. Scotland Yard said. 

ballot last Sunday of its 50 Distribution of The Times 

members in Northampton who and The Sun, which enjoyed 
help to produce the three fall production rnns. was not 


Sogat's decision to pay its 


Police offered no evidence 

fine came after meetings be- against nine out of 15 demon- 
tween its general secretary strators 

Miss Brenda Dean and the 
fonr sequestrators from Ernst 
and Whinnev. 

This In tnrn came after a 
slight relaxation of the terms 
of the sequestration by Mr 
Justice Taylor at a High Court 
hearing on Tuesday night 
At tha* hearing, which was 
not disclosed until yesterday, 
the union was permitted to pay 
essential bills through the 

The nine all agreed to be 
bound over for 12 months in 
the sum of £50. The other six 
were remanded on baiL 
• A group of Left-wing La- 
bour MPs yesterday urged the 
Home Secretary to dedare Mr 
Rupert Murdoch aq “undesir- 
able alien” and stop him re- 
entering the United Kingdom 
in the interests of decency and 
public order. 

‘Ostrich-like’ printers 

Mr Norman Tebbit the 
Conservative Party chairman, 
attacked the prim unions 
when he spoke lo the Ameri- 
can Chamber of Commerce in 

He said:“Like ostriches the 
printers of Fleet Street buried 
their beads in the sand. They 
hoped the new technology 
would go away and. more 
reactionary than any country 
squire, they rejoiced in having 
resisted change. 

“But now they have the 
barefaced cheek to accuse 
News International of taking 
from them the wealth they 
believed they bad created. 

“Fleet Street has for years 
been littered with the financial 
corpses of the press barons 
who could not stand against 
the losses from producing 
newspapers the printers’ 

Mr Tebbit said he had some 
sympathy with News 
International's former print- 
ers: “But they must have 
known that the type had been 
set a long time ago for this 
story. I am glad to say that 
Fleet Street in general now 
represents no more than an 
absurd anachronism in British 

Continued from page 1 
colleague's Irrepressible ag- 
gression, which was yesterday 
applied to anyone who fitted 
the description which was 

Although Mr Heseltine has 
recently been accused of im- 
pugning the integrity of public 
servants. Mr Tebbit yesterday 
specifically quoted a recent 
letter from Mr David Steel, 
the Liberal leader, to the 
Prime Minister on the Hanson* 
bid for Imperial to illustrate 
! his attack on the mud-stingers. 

Mr Tebbit said that Mr 
Steel had mischievously sug- 
gested that the Hanson bid 
had been given the all-clear 
“as a thank yon for Lord 
Hanson's role in the Westland 
affair * when he backed Sikor- 
sky - while the GEC bid for 
Plessey had been referred to 
the Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission because they had 
been on tire “wrong side” of 
the Westland wrangle. 

The Conservative chairman 
said that the slnr against Mr 
Paul Chanson, Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
was bad enough but Mr Steel's 
letter had also suggested “the 
smear” that Sir Gordon 
Borne, the independent Direc- 
tor General of Fair Trading, 
had acted “as a political 
payola agent for the Conserva- 
tive party”. 

But Mr Tebbit said that the 
mod-stinging would not last 
and the electorate would inex- 
orably be faced with the debate 
about real issues: how the 
Thatcher administration had 
killed fears that the country 
was ungovernable; had over- 
come hyper-inflation; restored 
industrial relations; rolled 
back state control; doubled the 
number of shareholders; and 
liberated nearly 900,000 for- 
mer council tenants. 

He concluded: “If I happen 
to be with you again, in say 
1990, we will be looking back 
on another string of success 
for Mrs Thatcher and her 
government, another list of 
gloomy prognostications un- 
fulfilled, and looking forward 
to a fourth consecutive Conser- 
vative election win in 1992 or 

The National Heritage Me- ened with c 
morial Fuad is to get an extra through sal 
£103 million to save works of Soaring 
art and valuable estates for the prices have 
nation. impossible! 

The decision, announced turns to mal 
yesterday by Mr Kenneth • Pirelli, th 
Baker, Secretary of State for sponsor a 
the Environment, comes after exhibitions 
pressure for greater govern- Victoria am 
meat support for die fund. South Kens 
which is the main source of at a cost 
state finance for items threat- £250,000. 

ened with export or dispersal 
through sales. 

Soaring international art 
prices have made it vfrtnally 
impossible for national institu- 
tions to make realistic bids 
• Pirelli, the tyre maker, is to 
sponsor a new garden for 
exhibitions and furs at the 
Victoria and Albert Museum, 
South Kensington, in Loudon, 
at a cost of more than 

Fanners told 
to dip sheep 

Fanners were told yesterday 
by the Ministry of Agriculture 
that all sheep must be dipped 
twice this year in as attempt to 
eradicate sheep scab disease. 
Treatment should take place 
between June 28 and August 9 
and again between September 
20 and November 1. 

sional incompetence, admit- 
ting that in some instances 
mistakes were made but that 
those did not amount to 
anything like incompetence. 

In the case of Mrs AU, who 
underwent a long labour at- 
temptmgto give birth through 
a contracted pelvis, with the 
baby dying eight days after 
birth, roe told her colleagues 
during an internal inquiry into 
the death That “although ob- 
stetric opinion may differ, I do 
■not regard my management of 
.Mrs AU as controverriaT. 

not growing property in the 
womb, but pointed to admin- 
istrative slip-ups and 
misjudgements in antenatal 

The inquiry continues. 

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Sellafield inspectors prepare for safety inquiry 

By Peter Davenport 

Senior officials of the Nu- 
clear Installations Inspector- 
ate yesterday • began 
assembling the team which 
will cany out the inquiry into 
safety at the- Sellafield midear 
reprocessing plant. 

Although the 12 inspectors 
are not expected to moveon to 
the ate in Cumbria until next 
week the detailed planning for 
the investigation has began. 

The team, which will be in 
the plant for three months 
with a further three months 
preparing its report, was being 
selected by Mr Jim Hanna- 
ford. head of the 
inspectorate's No 3 branch, 
based in Liverpool and which 
has special responsibility for 

Magnox reactors 
power generation 
and plutonium 
production (1956)“ 

Magnox spent fuel 
storage (1952/1960) 


Windscale and 
Colder KaS 


Lm- m 

Proposed ptanr 
for sealing 
highly active 
waste in glass 
blocks (1995) . 

and ACT fuels J 
(Commissioned 191 
jl £315m> 

Euro vote 
to close 

Chemical } 

reprocessing i 

of spent fuel (1952) 

has special responsibility for 

He was in contact during 
the day with the inspectorate's 
chief, Mr Eddie Ryder. 

Once the 12 inspectors have 
been selected and briefed, 
senior members of the team 
will hold talks with executives 
of British Nuclear Fuels, 
which operates Sellafield, at 
the company's headquarters at 
Risley, near Warrington, in 
the middle of next week. The 
on-site investigation will start 
soon afterwards. 

The inspectors will be 
backed up by officials of the 
accident prevention advisory 
unit of the Health and Safety 
Executive, which announced 
the safety inquiry on Wednes- 
day. Yesterday Mr Jake Kelly, 
the BNFL spokesman at 
Sellafield, said: “We welcome 

Low level sofid 
waste treatment 

sWt^ily active 
waste storage 



^Low level liquid 
? waste discharge 

that two men had been con- 
taminated but further checks 
which took longer to process 
eventually disclosed that U 
men had been affected. 

Mr Kelly said: “Safety is not 
negotiable at Sellafield. There 
is no argument between 
unions and management 
about that. It is paramount to 
us both.” 

Much of the inspectors' 
work is expected to concen- 
trate on the main B205 repro- 
cessing plant to see bow it is 

They will also examine the 
effectiveness of safety proce- 
dures contained in a large, 
blue-backed folder which gov- 
ern the way incidents are dealt 

Thermal reactor 
fuel cycle 




ore • 



- Fuel 


Waste 1 
storage , 

Spent fuel 

Nuclear power 


Beautiful Designer Furs At 
Lowest Ever Factory Prices 

the inquiry. We have nothing blue-backed folder which 
to hide.”He denied allegations ern the way incidents are 
that the company had given with at the plant, 
wrong information about re- Sellafield is the world’s 
cent incidents. largest nuclear reprocessing 

For example, he said, in the plant and is undergoing a 
escape of plutonium mist, £3,500 million expansion pro- 
initial medical tests disclosed gramme. 




Fast reactor 


Fast reactor 

- The European Parliament 
voted by 1 35 to 99 yesterday 
in favour of the temporary 
shutdown of the Sellafield 
nuclear reprocessing plant, 
pending die outcome of a 
Commons inquiry. 

The can came at the end of a 
passionate emergency debate 
in Strasbourg, in which the 
Government and British Nu- 
clear Fuels were accused of 
foiling to heed warnings. 

Amid groans and boos from 
other MEPs, Mrs Sheila Faith, 
Cumbria and Lancashire 
North, attacked calls for the 
plant’s closure as “irresponsi- 
ble and alarmist”. 

She questioned whether it 
was any more dangerous than 
the mini ng, chemical or even 
the building industries. 

Other Euro MPs, mainly 
Irish members concerned 
about nuclear discharges into 
the Irish Sea, expressed alarm 
at the recent rate of leakages. 

Hanna Fail's Mrs Eileen 
Lemass described Sellafield’s 
record as a disaster. She said 
foe EEC bad full responsibility 
for policing the Common 
Market's nuclear industry un- 
der a 1958 treaty. 

EEC Commissioner Mr 
Stanley Clinton Davis, who is 
conducting an EEC-level in- 
quiry, promised an early re- 
port. He made it dear he was 
in favour ofa European policy 
aimed at removing foe need 
for all nudear discharges as 
soon as technically possible. 

Risks and safeguards of nuclear reprocessing 

By Pearce Wright coming into play at sewn least 90 days in a cooling pond ing mainly of krupton 85, and concern ofthp Wir,wc^>i^ , 

Science Editor power stations in the UK, at the power station because tritium nrrvtumH at indscale. 

Never before have Cyril Kaye cnl 
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this Sunday evening, in a sensa- 
tional end-of-season sale, Cyril 
Kaye have got to clear their sitire 
range of fabulous furs at some of the 
most dramatic reductions seen in 
this country. 

Compare these prices - you iust 
won’t find better gnality for less 
anywhere else; the/re only possible 
because Cyril Kaye are one of foe 
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Countries with nuclear 
power have taken two distinct 
approaches to foe treatment of 
spent fuel rods from atomic 
power stations. They are ei- 
ther reprocessed, as at 
Sellafield, or stored intact. 

The second method is re- 
ferred to as “once-through 

The main argument for 
reprocessing is to extract plu- 
tonium created in the reactor. 
There are no natural sources 
of plutonium, the main ingre- 
dient of nudear weapons and 
the fuel for future fest-breeder 

coming into play at seven 
power stations in the UK, 
need a higher proportion of 

uranium 235. This also ap- port On arrival at Sellafield 
plies to pressurized water they are again stored under 
reactors, such as the one water for 12 to 18 months in 
planned for SizewelL the case of Magnox fuel, and 

Enriched fuel wiili i urani- ?L p °f i ?i, ycarS " the 
n of oxide fueL 

ing mainly of krupton 85, and 

higher proportion of they are too “hot” to trans- 
i 235. This also ap- port On arrival at Sellafield 

tritium, produced at the time 
the fuel is converted into 
liquid nitrate, is the bulk of 
the atmopheric .discharges. 
Other various chemical activi- 
ties produce low-level liquid 

The most highly active 
wastes come from the chemi- 
cal separation. They are stored 
in double-lined stainless »n^ 
that contain cooling coils. 

The site, first named 
windscale. was acquired in 
1947 for foe construction of 
two air-cooled nudear nifo 
for the production of plutoni* 
urn and fuel rrorocesang 
plant for its extraction. 

In 1953 construction 
on two Magnox reactors 
which formed foe Calder Hall 
power Station. Calder Hall was 
connected to the electricity 
grid, providing 30 years ago 
the world’s first demonstra- 
tion of the possibility of 
commercial nuclear power. 

In 1957 foe most serious 

urn 235 content of between 3 
and 4 per cent is produced at 
Cape nil urst, Cheshire. It is 
prepared as uranium oxide, 
and is referred to as “oxide 

Next the metal cladding is 
removed and the rods are 
dissolved in nitric add for 
chemical separation. Several 
classes of waste are left. 

An these factors become 
crucial when the reprocessing 
route is chosen, because of foe 
different types of waste. 



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The basic fuel for atomic 
! stations is uranium ore, which 
in the case of Britain comes 
mainly from Canada and Na- 
mibia. Once the ore is con- 
verted to metal the material 
consists mostly of uranium 
238 with about 0.7 per cent of 
uranium 235. 

The first generation 
Magnox reactors, which are in 
operation at II sites in Brit- 
ain, use fuel rods machined 
from natural uranium metaL 
The second generation of 
advanced gas-cooled reactors. 

Magnox fuel rods, which 
form the bulk of the material 
so for reprocesed at Sellafield, 
are clad in a magnesium alloy. 
Oxide fuel is moulded into 
pellets that are encased m 
stainless steel or an alloy 
called zircalloy. 

In all reactors the amount of 
uranium is reduced by foe 
fission process. Fuel removed 
from foe reactor contains 
about 96 per cent u raniamn, 
up to I per cent plutonium 
and between 2 and 3 per cent 
fission products. Reprocessing 
separates those three groups. 

Fuel elements are kept for at 

Contamination of cooling- 
pond water occurs with dam- 
aged fuel rods leaking. Some 
of foe more soluble radioac- 
tive elements such as cawd nm 
137 get into waste at this stage, 
and this forms most of tire 
active elements which get into 
foe Irish Sea. 

Stainless' steel and zircalloy 
are corroded by pond water to 
some extent but less than for 
Magnox cladding. In general, 
pond waters form part of foe 

low level of active liquid 
effluent produced at Sellafield. 

The fed cladding itself is a fcckfem took place, when fire 
second source (?f waste, which ln _ 0n p of foe 

is classed as an intermediate 
level waste and stored under- 

plutoniura producing piles. 
Those reactors were not used 

water in heavily shielded silos. . again, and in 1958 foe Govem- 
Gaseous discharges consist- mem. decided to change the 

concept of foe Windscale site . 

The future was seen in 
processing fuel from other 
nudear power stations. The 
chemical plant for processing 
materials from the Calder Hal! 
rectors would separate mate- 
rial from all UK reactors. 

An adjacent site owned by 
the Ministry of Defence at 
Drigg would be used as a 
national repository for lightly 
contaminated solid wastes. 

Fud was first reprocessed m 

?n? l 3 SL falown » Building 
a second larger 
plant, B205, was introduced 
and - reprocessing began on a 
cSP The second plant is 

still used for foe processing of 
Magnox fuel. 

1116 ojd 3204 was converted 
for treating oxide fuel from foe 
prototype advanced gas- 
cooled reactor on site. It was 
closed down in 1973. 

On a reorganization of foe 
UK Atomic Energy Authority 
to create British Nuclear Fu- 
ete, the site was transferred to 

i07x pI !!? cn ^ niaiia ® einenL In 

. foe Government gave 
Perausston for the building of 
anew thermal oxide repre- 

SSS¥«iJ an ?... to «» more 

jBdhon- It was foe 
subject of the Windscale pub- 
lic inquiry in 1977/^ 




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f ARY 21 1986 


Tough discipline urged 
for dentists who carry 

out needless treatment 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

Tough sanctions to stop 
dentists ' from carrying out 
unnecessary treatment were 
urged by a government ap- 
pointed inquiry yesterday. 

It recommended that any 
demist found guilty of deliber- 
ate unnecessary treatment, or 
any dentist who over treated 
because his knowledge was 
out-ofdate, and there was 
evidence of "serious 
incompetence", should be re- 
ferred to the Genera! Dental 
Council, the dentists' disci- 
plinary body. 

The inquiry was set up in 
1984 after allegations that 
some dentists were “drilling 
for gold”, and defrauding both 
patients and the taxpayer. 

Mr Barney Hayhoe, Minis- 
ter for Health, last night 
promised action this year on 
the majority of the report's 52 
recommendations. < 

The inquiry has concluded 
that there was a “small but 
significant and unacceptable 
amount of deliberate and 
unnecessary treatment” and 
“a larger amount attributable 
to an out-of-date treatment 

The majority of dentists 
were honest and provided a 
good service on which the 
public can rely, the inquiry 

Bui there were cases of 
persistent and flagrant abuse. 
Unnecessary treatment was a 
significant factor in cases 
brought before service com- 
mittees and particularly in 1 
orthodontics, the treatment of 
crooked or overcrowded teeth 
in children, “much unneces- 
sary and costly treatment may 
be taking place”. 

The system of checking on 
abuse was. however, so poor 
that “we do not consider that 
dentists who are tempted to 
over prescibe will be deterred 
by any fear of detection of 

punishment under the present 
system" the inquiry's report 

On the basis of the evi- 
dence, the inquiry said, “some 
dentists will have both the 
motive and the opportunity to 
prescribe unnecessary 

To tackle the situation the 
new computer being installed 
by the Denial Estimates 
Board, the NHS paymaster for 
dentists, should be pro- 
grammed so that dentists 
whose treatment was out-of- 
line with the majority could be 

The inquiry urged that sys- 
tems be set up to follow 
individual patients so that a 
sudden increase or decrease in 
treatment when a patient 
changes dentists could raise 
suspicion. More dental refer- 
ence officers, who check up on 
quality of treatment and 
whose numbers have been cut 
in recent years, should be 

Once statistical evidence 
produced a clear inference 
that unnecessary treatment 
was taking place, the burden 
of proof should be on the 
demist to show that this was 
not the case, the inquiry 

Where a dentist's pattern of 
treatment was significantly 
out-oftine, the Dental Esti- 
mates Board should be able to 
insist that prior approval 
would be needed, for a period, 
for the types of treatment in 

If the level of prescribing 
did not fall, or the dentists was 
unable to convince the board 
that the treatment was justi- 
fied. disciplinary action would 

The report also made a 
series of recommendations to 
strengthen and speed up disci- 
plinary hearings. 

Nobel nomination 
delights Geldof 

Bob Geldof, whose charity 
fund for African famine relief 
has just topped £60 million, 
said yesterday he was delight- 
ed to be nominated for the 
1 986 Nobel peace prize. 

Mr Geldof, who was nomi- 
nated too late for the award 
last year, again urged- govern- 
ments to continue the initia- 
tive to end Third World 

The Boomtown Rats singer, 
who hails from the Irish 
Republic, was one of 85 
nominees for the prize. 

Speaking in London, where 

Schools join computer 
information network 

By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 

All computers m middle 
and secondary schools in Brit- 
ain will be able to communi- 
cate with each other using 
equipment provided by a new 
£1 million government fund. 

The equipment is to be 
funded by the Department of 
Trade and Industry, and will 
also allow school computers to 
connect with electronic infor- 
mation libraries, called 
databases, containing a range 
of educational material. 

The modems, connect a 

Mast rescue attempt 

Two firemen are to be 
recommended for bravery 
awards after they climbed a 
370ft radio mast yesterday in 
an attempt to talk down a man 
aged 41. 

The firemen. Mr Ken 
Smith, aged 37, of Rydal 
Street Gateshead, and Mr 
Alan Scales, aged 30. of Cha- 
pel Park. Newcastle upon 
Tyne, defied freezing condi- 

£V2m antiques stolen 

Paintings by Fantin Latour, 
Caspar Netscher. and Gabriel 
Metsu. and seventeenth-cen- 
tury mahogany tables are 
among valuables worth up to 
£500.000 stolen from a coun- 
try house near Louth 

The house is the home of an 
unidentified red use aged 89. 
Police said the owner dis- 
turbed four masked men who 
were ransacking his home but 
was powerless to stop them 
taking the antiques. 

he is continuing work on his 
autobiography, Mr Geldof 
said the Live Aid concerts, 
watched by millions through- 
out the world last summer, 
were “a beautiful shooting 

“So to be nominated for the 
Nobel peace prize for such a 
thing is very pleasing. I'-am 

A Band Aid spokesman said 
he felt certain that if Mr 
Geldof won the prize he would 
dedicate it to everybody who 
gave and helped the relief 

school computer via a tele- 
phone line to a central com- 
puter or electronic library. 

A department spokesman 
said: “The initial aim is to 
ensure that every secondary 
and middle school has at least 
one modem. 

“It may also be posable to 
provide additional modems 
tor special schools, teacher 
centres, primary schools and 
further education 


tions and falling snow as they 
tried to persuade the man to 
climb down from the ice- 
covered British Rail mast near 
Binley, Tyne and Wear. 

The firemen had to aban- 
don their attempt after two 
hours because of the cold, but 
the unnamed Gateshead man 
came down when his son, aged 
1 7, appealed to him through a 

Airlines face pilot shortage crisis 

By Alan Hamilton largest airline, has no pilots mercial flying schools. 

British airlines face a seri- 
ous shortage of trained pilots 
by 1990 unless there is a rapid 
increase in the intake of 
approved flying schools, ac- 
cording to a report by the 
industry-funded Air Trans- 
port Training Association. 

The report said pilot train- 
ing had been virtually mori- 
bund for the five years because 
of industry recession and the 
high cost of tuition at Britain's 
three Civil Aviation Author- 
ity-approved schools. 

Bui with the aviation indus- 
try showing signs of expan- 
sion, and a high prop 9 rtion of 
pilots due to retire within the 
next 15 years, the association 
believes the need to recruit a 
new generation of pilots is 
becoming urgent. 

British Airways, Britain's 

largest airline, has no pilots 
aged under 30, while 1,200 out 
of its strength of 2,000 will 
have retired by the end of the 
century. Retirement age for its 
pilots is 55. 

British Airways will begin 
recruiting again next year, 
stoning with young, experi- 
enced pilots from other air- 
lines and proceeding to the 
training of 100 beginners each 

Preparing a trainee to fly q 
commercial jet costs a mini- 
mum of £35,000. The associa- 
tion believes British Airways' 
expansion will merely soak up 
experienced pilots from small- 
er British airlines, leaving 
them short of qualified per- 

The association said that in 
1980 the three principal com- 

Duchy acts on shabby flats I . Gatwick Satanism 

In addition, dentists should 
be required to explain the p&n 
of treatment, giving an esti- 
mate of cost, and a publicity 
campaign should be mounted 
to emphasize to patients that 
any examination may not 
necessarily have to lead to 
further treatment. 

The report said the issue of 
whether very highly paid den- 
tists earn their fees legitimate- 
ly had to be resolved. In 1984, 
more than 280 dentists had 
gross earnings over £100,000, 
and tbe highest paid received 

The figures had caused 
“public disquiet”, but tbe 
report said it was difficult to 
decide whether there was a 
correlation between very high 
earnings and unneessary treat- 
ment, although in 1982 a 
dentist who grossed more than 
£250,000 had £50,000 held 
back for treatment .that was 
considered not clinically nec- 

One important measure was 
to insist demists produced 
evidence of their own individ- 
ual earnings and no longer, as 
at present, mixed in earnings 
by associates and assistants. 

The report pointed out it 
was extremely difficult to 
detect unnecessary treatment 
afterwards, and that while 
only 35 cases have been put to 
tiie Dental Advisory Service 
in the past two years “we 
suspect these cases are no 
more than a sample of the 
abuse which goes on”. 

Tbe British Dental Associa- 
tion was heartened by the 
finding that the vast majority 
of dentists were not undertak- 
ing unnecessary treatment and 
wholeheartedly supported the 

Report of the Committee of 
Inquiry into Unnecessary Denial 
Treatment (Stationery Office, 

girl loses 
shop job 

By lun Jones 

■ A schoOhtirtwfao had a part- 
time job in a sports shop has 
been dismissed after being 
■ picked to' play: netball for the 
junior Welsh national team. 

Nicola Smith, aged 16, was 
told to go when she asked for a 
Saturday off to play her first 
international against England 
and Scotland in a tournament 
at Derby. 

After training yesterday, 
Nicola, of Cbapelwood, 
Uancdeym, Cardiff said: “I 
am very upset and disappoint- 
ed. 1 could hardly believe it 
when 1 was told I was getting 
the sack. I thought the sports 
shop would be pleased to have 
an international working for 

Mr Laurie Davies, manager 
of the Castle Sports Shop, in 
Cardiff, said: “She was a very, 
very good worker and I am 
sorry I had to dismiss her. But 
this Saturday is going to be a 
busy day for us with a cross 
country event in Cardiff and I 
need all my staff She has 
already missed two Saturdays 
this year for squad sessions so 
I do not think I really had any 

The Welsh Netball Associa- 
tion has written to Mr Davies 
asking him to reconsider his 

Church choice 

The Rev James Nelson, a 
convicted murderer, is to 
become minister of the 
Calderbank and Cbapelhali 
Church of Scotland parishes, 
in Lanarkshire. He began 
studying for the ministry 
while in jail for killing his 

Card record 

A world record of £540 has 
been paid for an Edwardian 
postcard showing a shop from 
in Market Street, at 
Wymondham, Norfolk. It was 
bought by a local collector al 
an auction in the town. 

By Charles Knevitt 
Architecture Correspondent 

The Dnchy of Cornwall, 
which manages land and prop- 
erty for the Prince of Wales, 
has conransskmed one of the 
country’s leading firms of 
cominmiity architects to un- 
dertake a feasibility study on a 
■un-down Mock of flats in 
Bennington, south-east Lon- 
don, it was announced yester- 

Hunt Thompson Asso- 
ciates, of Camden Town, math 
London, was appomted on the 
recommendation of the Royal 
Instifete of British Architects. 

Newquay House, near the 
Oral, tire Duchy's largest 
block, was" bnflt in 1933. 
T enants, many descended 
from famflies who worked for 
the Duchy, had complained 
that 23 of the 76 flats are 
empty, some for several years. 
Rents are so low that they do 
not cover the cost of mainte- 
nance and people wishing to be 
housed have been told that 
they will have to boy a 

Prices for flats in the area 
are between '£50,000 and 
£ 100 , 000 . 

The Dnchy administers 600 
terrace homes and flats in 
K reming t on . The Prince has 
met community leaders In 
response to criticisms abort 
tbe management of the estate, 
bat there is a dilemma because 
the Dnchy is a profit- ma king 
business under the Dnchy ©f 
Cornwall Management Act, 
Properties must be sold at foD 
wimmwwal value. 

Hut Thompson was found- 
ed in 1969 by Mr John 
Thompson, Mr Bernard Hunt 
and Prince Richard, now Dnke 
of Ghmcester, when they com- 
pleted their architectural 
training at Cambridge. Mr 
Ben Derbyshire, recently ap- 
pointed a partner and a vice- 
chairman of the RIBA's 
Commnnity Architecture 
Group, will begin tbe study in 
the next few weeks. 

The Prince has shown great 
interest in the way c o mm unity 
architects involve users of 
bufldings in design and man- 

Mr Ben Derbyshire at Newqa 
of flats he ho 

Tbe study wfll be submitted 
to a c omm it te e comprising Mr 
Larry Rofland, president of 
the RIBA, Mr Rod Hackney, a 
community architect in Mac- 
clesfield who has been advis- 
ing the Duchy, and another 
architect yet to be appomted. 

Hunt Thompson's best 
known commnnity architec- 

ly Home, tike nra-down block 
?es to revive. 

tee pro|ect is the moderniza- 
tion of the Lea View Estate, 
Hackney, east Loudon, which 
has ben shortlisted for the 
7uner/RIBA Commuity En- 
terprise Scheme. 

Tbe Duchy also —"W” 
130,000 acres of land in the 
West Coutry. Profit in 1984 
was £L2 million. 

jewel theft 
covered by 
■all risks’ 

A woman who had jewellery 
valued at £29,000 stolen at 
Gatwick airport was told by 
her insurance company that 
under her “all risks" policy 
she was not co^ered. 

Bul a High Court judge said 
yesterday: “An all risks policy 
is precisely what it says." 

Mr Justice Hodgson award- 
ed Mrs Josephine Port-Rose, a 
mother of four, £29,000 dam- 
ages, with interest and costs, 
against Phoenix Assurance. 
He said: “If the Phoenix was 
right, it would be a trap for the 
unwary assured." 

When Phoenix rejected Mrs 
Port-Rose's daim, her legal 
adviser wrote back saying 
“this must be construed to be 
the cop-out of a 11 time”. The 
judge said: “That was not an 
exaggeration. I endorse it in 
those terms.” 

In his-ruling, the judge said 
Mis Port-Rose and her hus- 
band, Samuel, who live in the 
Al^rve, Portugal where they 
have an estate agency, flew to 
Gatwick from Portugal in 
April 1984 with their two 
teenage sons. 

Mrs Port-Rose left her 
handbag, containing the 
jewellery, on an airport trolley 
for two or three seconds while 
she gave directions to an 
elderly woman. That was the 
only time the bag was left 

She discovered the bag was 
missing when one son asked 
for money for a rail fere. 

The insurance, company 
told Mrs Port-Rose that leav- 
ing the bag unattended was a 
breach of the policy condi- 

But the judge said: “If 
members of the public knew 
that, by leaving a handbag on 
a trolley and taking your eyes 
off it for two or three seconds, 
you are taking yourself out of 
insurance cover, after having 
paid substantial premiums, 
they would be quite 


by judge 

The judge in the “Satan 
swindle” trial refused yester- j 
day to hear part of me [ 
evidence in secret 
The request had been mace • -j 
by the Rev John Baker, who 
said that lives could be in * 
danger if evidence was given w M 
open court abort devil-wor-H 
shipping objects. Tbe danger ^ . 
was to the accused. Deny f j 
Main waring Knight, hunseu,!.. 
mid others. ;; 

There were “things too dan-| | 
serous to talk about", be said.. • 
But after hearing legal argu-r 
inert at Maidstone Crown,. 
Court, Judge Denison told JV.r'. • 
Baker, rector of Newtek, East 
Sussex, of lus decision. 

The judge added: “2 bear la., 
mind what you said yesterday,^ 
If you feel there's a matter: 
which you can't safely deal- ; 
vrith in these circumstances 
yon must tell me." • . 

Mr Knight, aged 4o, o\ 
Dormans Land, Surrey, b' 
accused of swindling tbe rector,:, 
and wealthy Christians out of , 
£2034150, claiming be needed- 
money to buy and destroy 
regalia used by a satanic. . 
circle. J; 

Mr Baker said that Mr-: 
Knight had told him that thi 
satanic order wanted him w 
raise money for certain items"' , 
by blackmail. Mr Knight sak ■ 
be knew a bank manager wh( * 
had “taken advantage” or 
woman client and could bj 
blackmailed. i ; 

Yet Knight had earlie . . 
Aim ed that all the money fo;. j 
buying artefacts had to b>! , f 
“dean”, given in love by : 
Christian soarce. If it waF 
“unclean— illegal dishonest 
criminal", the devil would stH. r j 
have a hold on him when thfJ ; 
artefacts were destroyed. Hjj " 
later dismissed the idea d 
blackmail. j 

Mr Baker refused to gjv[i . 
precise details of the hierarchy 
of satanic sects in open court| 
The case continues today. J 


f- d 







1 M . 

r. \ > — 



mercial flying schools, at 
H amble, Perth and Oxford, 
employed 150 instructors. 
Now there are only 38 and the 
Hamble school once spon- 
sored by British Airways, has 

Another former source ol 
commercial pilots, the Royal 
Air Force, has largely dried up. 
with defence cuts redudng 
overall numbers and those 
remaining being lured by for- 
eign commercial airlines for 
huge salaries. 

Tbe association called on 
the Government to provide 
more money to help to fond 
pilot training. It also recom- 
mended that CAA rules be 
changed to ensure that pilots 
financing their own training at 
private flying schools are 
brought within a more formal 

Barratt is no stranger to awards. But being this overall pride in the job from site preparation to sales, 
year s National Winner of the building industry's The timing of the Award couldn 't have been 

Supreme Award for quality is something veiy special. more apt. Last year Barratt launched the Premier 

The National House Building Cou ncil — the Collection, a completely new generation of over 50 
industry's Consumer 'watchdog*— has chosen Barratt house styles which we believe offers the finest quality 
as Britain’s best in its ‘Pride in the Job’ scheme to available from aity builder. 

encourage high standards in the industiy. ■ Ft seems the NHBC agrees with us. 

The competition was fierce. In fact, the PRIDE We think you'll agree too. 
councils experts inspected more than 11,000 sites WTHEJ For further details of this exciting new 

throughout the U.K. to arrive at the Supreme generation of homes and our four unique show 

Winner. They were looking for points such as villages, visityour nearest Barratt Development 

site safety and organisation, quality of work- or write to: Barratt Information Service. Post 

manship and standard of finish —in short, — , Office Box 4UD, London W1A 4UD. 

■ IBanalt#L 

Tommy Proctor, site supervisor, Barratt Developments, Charlotte Square, Newcastle upon Tyne, National Pride in the Job Award Wir 





Leyland sale 

Jobless figures 

Crime seminar 

Taxpayers cannot 
pay more to BL 


Every family in ibe United 
Kingdom bos contributed the 
equivalent of £200 to British 
Leyland and such a situation 
could not continue, Mrs Mar- 
garet Thatcher, the Prime Min- 
ister said in a clash with Mr Nefli 
Kinnock. Leader of the Oppo- 
sition, who demanded to know 
what assurances^ were bring 
sought from potential buymof 
various pans ,of the car and 
truck manufacturing company. 

. There were no binding 
en forcible assurances about the 
future of a loss-making British 
Leyland, Mrs Thatcher added. 
The Government was 
■ be best future for Land Rover, 
Freight Rover and for the whole 
of BL and the best future for 
jobs through the extension of 
trade and business. 

The issue was first raised by 
Mr Mark Fisher (Stoke-on- 
Trent Central. Lab) who asked: 
Will the Prime 1 Minister tell the 
House when she first knew of 
the deadline of March 4 for firm 
offers to'aoquire parts of BL? 

Amid -Labour protests, Mrs 
Thatcher commented that she 
had nothing to add to what she 
had already said the matter. 

Mr Jeremy Hanley (Rich- 
mond and Barnes, C): British 
companies made acquisitions to 
the tune of £4 billion in the 
United States last year. There- 
fore. acquisitions in the United 
Kingdom by the United States is 
by no means a one way street. 

Mis Thatcher: Yes. I saw the 
very detailed account in one of 
the papers today of inward and 
outward investment. 

Figures ' published in The 
Financial Times show that Brit- 
ish companies acquired 160 
businesses in the United States 
last year and 142 in 1984. 1 hope 
that acquisition by British 
companies in the United States 
was welcome to the United 

Mr Kinnock: What specific 
assurances are being sought 
from potential purchasers of the 
constituent parts of BL and in 
addition what means arc beign 
adopted to ensure that such 
assurances are enforced in con- 
tracts. . 

Mrs Thatcher: Mr Chan non. 
Secretary -of State for Trade and 
Industry, has indicated some of 
the assurances being sought 
assurances of the kind that the 

British nature of Land Rover In 
particular and Range Rover 
should be honoured and, of 
course, certain assurances on 

Mr Khmodu Can she con- 
vince us that ‘‘honoured'* is the 
equivalent of binding assur- 
ances that actually will deter- 
mine the future of an essential 
part of the British auto industry? 

What did the Under Secretary 
of State for Trade and Industry 
(Lord Lucas of CHilwwthJ mean 
yesterday in the House of Lords 
wbeu he said: “In respect of all 
such assurances in regard to 
British content, trade marks, 
names and the like, in law there 
is a time limitation"? 

Mrs Thatcher Lord Lucas of 
Cbilworth was perfectly dear in 
what be said in the House of 
Lords. ( do not understand why 
Mr Kinnock finds difficulty 
with it. 

Mr Kinnock: Does "best 
future” as defined by her in- 
dude a binding enforable assur- 

Mrs Thatcher He must see 
how long en forcible .assurances 
can be instituted; be must get 
legal advice on that. That is 



Mrs Thatcher: The taxpayer 
has already put into BL some 
£L2 billion and guaranteed a 
further £1.6 billion. 

Mr Michael Meadewcroft 
(Leeds West, Lk Many of us 
who have voiced concern about 
increasing US involvement in 

British Industry are not moti- 
vated by anti-American senti- 
ment but are simply concerned 
and deeply worried that what is 

Thatcher Every finally 

has paid £200 

precisely what was meant when 
it was said there was no binding 
enforcible assurances about the 
future of a loss-making BL 
Mr Richard Page: (South 
West Hertfordshire, C}. It was 
well known to MPs and by 
unions that discussions between 
Genera] Motors and BL were 
taking place months before 
Christmas. Would she like to 
comment on the fact that either 
the Labour party is iU-in formed, 
or they have waited. for the right 
moment for political capital and 
are not worried about the future 
of BL? 

lie areas of our computer 
industry is going to ensire that 
inexorably crucial decisions 
about tne character and 
development of British industry 
are made in the US. Is she going 
to sit back and let that happen? 

Mrs Thatcher This country 
invests abroad and British 
companies go abroad on a very 
considerable scale- For example, 
1C1 made a very big investment 
and I believe they are welcomed 
in the US and there is no anti- 
British feeling there. 

1 fear some anti-American 
feelings- some deliberately - has 
been aroused in the UK about 
the future of BL AD bids are 
being considered but we are 
concerned about the future of 
BL and trying to get ’ it 

Mr John Haaaam (Exeter, Qe 
Has she noticed die Vickers 
consortium proposals for the 
buy out of the shipyards at 
Barrow and Birkenhead and the 
faay local communities have 
been involved in these pro- 

In view of the success of the 
National Freight Corporation 
worker buy out, will she confirm 
it is still Government policy to 
encourage wider ownership in 
British industry? 

Mrs Thatcher: Yes. to farther 
privatization and to wider 
ownership, and we shall con- 
sider that bid along with all the 

• When a conclusion was 
reached over the future of BL 
Mr Channon would make a 
statement to the Commons and 
the Government accepted it was 
up to the House to debate and 
deride upon the negotiation, Mr 
John Biffen Leader of the 
Commons, said during ex- 
changes following his business 

Mr Knmock had asked for a 
clear guarantee that the Com- 
mons would have a «hanr* loj 
debate the whole BL issue 
before any deal was struck. 

I Tenants* protection to stay 


The Government was ndl‘ 
proposing in this -Raduunem to- 
introduce major legislation to 
recast the Rent Act. Mr John 
Patten, Minister for Housing, 
Urban Affair^ and Construc- 
tion. said during a. Commons 
debate on the .treatment of 
private tenants. 1 

The Government was ready 
to listen and ready to promote 
arguments about what coukl 
and should be done. The Gov- 
ernment had taken no derisions 
on what form any legislation 
should take to reduce controls 
over new tenancies. 

We have no intern ion (he 
said) of removing the protection 
enjoyed by existing tenants. 
That was one mistake made in 
1957; the removal of statutory 
controls from existing tenancies 
at the top end of the market led 
to widespread evictions by the 
voluntary landlords, those who 
were not landlords by choice 

and took the opportunity to 
obtain vacant possession and to 
ell up. 

But if we want in future to 
encourage the private sector to 
make unused" accomodation 
available for renting, and to 
invest in accomodation for rent, 
it is essential that for new 
letting, rents should provide 
economic returns. 

Local authorities estimated 
that in E n gla n d 545,000 private 
sector homes were empty in 
April 1985, nearly 100,000 of 
them in London where the 
problem of homelessness was 
greatest Many of those homes 
could be let to people who 
needed them if landlords were 
not inhibited by the effect of the 
Rent Act. 

An exposition motion assert- 
ing the right to buy from a non- 
residenual absentee landlord, 
the right to manage for both 
tenants and leaseholders of flats; 
and calling for a review of rent 
regulation so as to dose loop- 
holes in the Rent Act, was 

rejected by 258 votes to 177- 
Go vernraem majority, 81. 

A Government amendment 
asserting the need for a healthy 
and reviving private rented 
sector Ivith an adequate supply 
of sound homes to rent as being 
in the best interests of tenants 
and landlords and those looking 
for accomodation; and asserting 
the need for improved statutory 
safeguards to ensure proper 
management of privately- 
owned blocks of fiats, was 
agreed by 228 votes to 150- 
Govenunent majority, 78. 

Rach maoism, the exploita- 
tion by landlords of tenants in 
dilapidated private property, 
was alive and well in 1986, Mr 
Jeffrey Rooker, Opposition 
spokesman on housing, said, 
when opening the debate. 

He said the rights of two 
million families in private ten- 
ancies needed strengthening. 
Many of them did not have a 
secure home. Assured tenancies 
applied only lo newly con- 
structed dwellings. 

Alarm at forestry sale rumours 

Conservative and Labour MPs 
were united in pressing for more 
details of reports that the Gov- 
ernment was thinking of 
privatising up to three million 
acres of forestry land. 

But Mr John Biffen. Leader 
of the Commons, said during 
business questions he knew 
nothing of the reports. How- 
ever. ne would consider the 
situation and decide what to do 
in the light of what was revealed. 

Sir Peter Shore. Shadow 

Leader of the House, referred to 
rumours mentioned by Mr John 
Maxton (Glasgow, Caibcan, 

If a statement has been made 
outside the House (he said) will 
Mr Biffen make arrangements 
for a statement today? We have 
had enough of these statements 
being made outside this House. 
(Loud Labour cheers). 

Mr Robert Madennan (Caith- 
ness and Sutherland, SDP) 
asked for a denial of the reports 

about proposed privatization of 
Forestry Commission land. 
Land prices were already 
plummeting, because of falling 
agricultural incomes. 

Sir Find Hawkins (Norfolk 
South West, C) said he was 
totally opposed to any idea of 
selling forestry land. His 
consitutency bad what was 
probably the greatest forestry 
acreage in the country and it was 
greatly enjoyed for leisure pur- 

New statistics 
to provide 
better picture 


In order to ensure greater ac- 
curacy Lord Young afCraShain, 
Secretary of Slate for Employ- 
ment said in a stat e ment to the 
House of Lords, he had agreed 
that the compilation and 

publication of the monthly un- 
employment statistics would 
lake place some two weeks later 
than at jnesent 

This is not a major in 

presentation but (te said), the 
improved estimates win auow a 
more complete and accurate 
picture to be given of the latest 
labour market development 

Laid Stoddart of Swindon 
(Lab) said the statement ap- 
peared to have been forced out 
of him by Mr John Prescott in 
the Home of Commons who 
Lord Young of Grafiham bad 
been unwilling to meet in face- 
to-face discussion on the BBC 
Breakfast Time that morning. 

Why did be not make a proper 
statement in the first place (he 
sod) instead of attempting to 
<|jp the iT M*wy through by 
means of a written question? 

Such action shows complete 
insensitivity (he continued) and 
it would seem the Gove rnm ent 
has learnt nothing from the 
Westland affair and British 
Leyland where their a ttem pt s at 
covering up have led to lack of 
trust in them by the public and a 
catatrosphic drop in support In 
the country. 

The Paymaster General in the 
House of Commons said he had 
not been aware that No 10 was 
going to brief the press on these 
documents and bad not ap- 
proved of it doing so. but had 
Lend Young of Grafiham 
known of the briefing and if he 
had why did he not tell his 
deputy in the House of Com- 

In the statement (said Lord 
Stoddart of Swindon) be says 
this is not a major change but 
dearly the government sees the 
laundering of serious unemploy- 
ment figures as a means of 
hiding a grave unemployment 

No doubt the changes were 
being made not really for statis- 
tical purposes but 'for political 
purposes. The laundered figures 
were part of a £1 million pub- 
licity campaign launched by the 
government to brainwash the 
public into believing the un- 
employment crisis was less 
grave than it really was. 

Lady Seear (L) said it was 
extramdinary that the Secretary 
of State had not found time to 
make the statement to the 
House rather than leaving peers 
to find out by reading it in the 

It was extraordinary, since 
there was a highly competent 

Departmen t of Employment, 
that so many changes needed to 
be made in the statistics. It 
could not be regarded as good 
statistical practice. 

Lent Yoang of Grafiham, said 
it was seldom that he felt angry 

in the House but he had to refute 
every stricture from Lord 
Stoddart of Swindon. 

- Before • he - had mentioned 
allegations of the PSmnaster 
General talking of leaks from 
No 10 be should look at the 
record which showed that no 
such comment had been made 
because there had been no such 


At the Breakfast Time broad- 
cast, Mr Ptescort was asked 
whether, if he were Secretary of 
State »n«| his statisticians ad- 
vised him about the need for 
changes in statistics be would 
accept that advice, and he had 
replied that jt was a reasonably 
justified point, that he was 
prepared to accept. 

Knowing uf the great interest 
in both houses on employment 
matters it had been decided to 
announce the by writ- 

ten question but there had not 
been time for him to make a 
statement to the House of 

Referring to the alleged £1 
million campaign, be said it 
must be a very ineffective 
campaign because he knew 
nothing of it. 

The statement on changes to the 
unemployment figures was re- 
peated, amid laughter and loud 1 
Labour interruptions, in the 
Commons, - by Mr Ke nn eth 
Clarke, the Paymaster General 

Mr John Prescott, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
employment, said the eight-line 
statement was an insult to MPs’ 
intelligence. (Labour cheers). 

One is forced (he said) to read 
the library statement to see the 
real intent and impact of this 
further fiddling of the un- 
employment figures. 

Mr Clarke said Mr Prescott 
should take the unlikely step of 

general! t Tbe sjatisticraw 1 ^^ 
department said they bad 
discovered an unacceptable er- 
ror in the monthly fig ur es and 
asked for permission to correct 
that and this was given. 

Is be really saying to the 
House (he continued) that were 
be secretary of state for employ- 
ment he would say to the 
statisticians: “No, do not correct 
tins miaaid!; carry on mala 
what you regard as an enrol 
We know he would not say that. 
This morning on breakfasume 
television he was asked that 
question and had to agree that 
he would have made the self- 
same change. 1 do not -want-ta 
advise him on bow to behave to 
civil s erv an t s were be ever to 
take office. 

Home Secretary 
to chair crime 
prevention study 

Hopes for increased 
security cooperation 


The Prime Minister said she 
had agreed with the Irish Prime 
Minister, Dr Garrett Fitzgerald, 
in their talks at Downing Street 
yesterday that the Anglo-Irish 
agreement must be im- 

Mrs Thatcher said in the 
Commons at question time that 
she also hoped for increased 
security cooperation across the 
Border. She very much wel- 
comed Dr FrtgerakTs decision 
to sign the European Conven- 
tion on the Suppression of 

Everything possible would be 
done to reassure Unionist opin- 
ion about structures of consulta- 
tion with them, and she hoped 
the SDLP would soon honour 
its commitment to enter into 
talks about devolution which 
would put much more power 
into a devolved Assembly. 

Mrs Thatcher was replying to 
Mr Mertyn Rees (Leeds South 
and Motley, Lab), a former 

Secretary of State for Northern 
Ireland, who complained that 
there bad been no statement to 
the House despite several recent 

These included the reaction to 
the Anglo-Irish agreement in the 
Province; the reported calls 
from an elected representative 
to take over the parliament 
building at Stormont; and the 
report of the Ulster workers’ 
strike planned for March 3. 
Discussion was t a ki ng place 
elsewhere but not in the Com- 
mons, be said. 

Earlier, Mr Enoch Powell 
(South Dowo.OUP) asked: 
Docs she realize that hundreds 
of thousands of her fellow 
citizens, who she regards as no 
less British than her constituents 
in London, are looking to her to 
defend with courage and visibil- 
ity their rights and status? 

Mrs Th atcher replied: I will 
be seeing leaders of the Unionist 
parties next week and possibly 
the SDLP after that. I hope and 
believe that people who are 
completely Unionist in North- 
ern Ireland win accept the 
derisoas of this House. 


Mr Desehts Hurd, the Home 
Secretary, told the Commons at 
question time that he is to chair 
a follow-up in the summer to the 
recent seminar on crime prevent 
tionto take stock of progress. I 
believe (he added) that there is 
huge scene fix 1 local schemes on 
many different lands of crime 
prevention and we are working 
hard to encourage these. 

Mr David- Madeas (Penrith 
and die Border, O said the 
whole community must be in- 
volved. What steps were being 
taken to get the message across 
that it was necessary to involve 
insurance companies, motor 
manufacturers, builders and 
small comm unity groups? 

Mr Hank He is right That is 
the main purpose of the semi- 
nar. On wider publicity, tire 
magpie television advertise- 
ments shown in London and the 
Midlands were followed in the 
next quarter for an 1 1 per cent 
decrease in bundaries. We are 
now extending this programme 
to the North. 

Mr Roy Hughes (Newport 
Fa«, Lab) drew the Home 
Secretary’s attention to a Com- 
mons order paper motion 
concerning the case of Peter 
William Jones. Yesterday (he 
continued) in Newport- Grown 
Court he received a life sen- 
tence. Many people in Newport 
and elsewhere cannot under- 
stand why this man with such a 
record of violence was allowed 
to roam the streets and even- 
tually end irpby raping a 7-year- 
okl girl, will be call for an 
mgenz review of this sentencing 
and parole procedure? 

Mr Honk I cannot comment 
on a sentence pasted in court by 
the independent judiciary and 1 
have no intention of dong so. 
But I will look into any aspects 
of that case which fall within my 

Mr John Evans (St Helens 
North. Labk The best way to cut 
down crime would be to cut th6 
appalling level of unemploy- 
ment. Does he accept that one 
way of catting the appalling 
level of unemployment would 
be to accept the programme put 
forward by the employment 
select committee which would 
take 750,000 people out of the 
dole queues immediately? 

Mr Hud: I would not accept 
that; Ninety-five per cent of 
crime is crime against property. 
A large percentage of that is 
oppor tu nistic - not prepared 
king in advance. Crime preven- 
tion could cut down this figure 
substantially if better applied 

Mr John Stokes 
and Stourbridge, Cl: Since so 
much crime is concerned with 
motor cars, will you impress on 
motor manufacturers that they 
should use cars with burglar- 
proof locks? # 

Mr Hod: An excellent point. 
One of the results of the No 10 
seminar was an agreement that 
there should be a British stan- 
dard for car security to be 
prep ar ed by the British Stan- 
dards Institution precisely to 
deal with this point. 

Mr Gerald K anft aia, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
home affairs: Will be arrange fix 
the publication of the letter the 
Prime Minister’s office has sent 
to all participants in the so- 
called crime seminar last month 
from which it will be plain to 
anyone who reads it that the 
Government is not taking one 
firm action for crime prevention 
and not spending one penny of 
new money on crime preven- 
tion? It was less a seminar than 
an episode from Spitting Image. 

Hurd: Huge scope far 
local prevention schemes 

Mr Hind: I am amazed that 
he should make this mistake. 
How many people in Manches- 
ter and everywhere suffer from 
this opportunistic crime which 
could be prevented. The Gen- 
eral Secretary of the TUG Mr 
Norman Willis, was at the 
seminar. He spoke warmly to us 
on the way we should try to rally 
general support for crime 
prevention. That was the pur- 
pose of the seminar and the 
purpose of the letter to which 
Mr Kaufman refers. 

Parliament today 

Commons (930): Civfl Protec- 
tion in Peacetime Bill, second 
reading; Tobacco Products 
(Sports Sponsorship) Bill sec- 
ond reading, and other private 
members' Bilk. 

Thatcher says 
she will stay 
as leader 

.Mrs Thatcher repeated during 
question times in the Commons 
her aim of leading the Conser- 
vative party to a third election 

Mr Nicholas Wlnterton 
(Macclesfield, Q asked: Would 
she assure those of us on the 
Conservative benches who 
honourably disagree from time 
to time with Government policy 
bat do not question her coura- 
geous leadership or determina- 
tion to restore the economic and 
political -power of the UK- that 
-she will continue to respond 
robustly to the hypocritical 
irresponsible, carping cant of 
the Opposition panys and lead 
the Conservatives into a third 
successful general election? 

Mrs Tkathcer : Yes, on the 
same excellent policies which 
secured the first two victories. 

Mr Dennis Skinner 
(Bolsover, Lab) now that the 
Prime Minsiter in her recent 
broadcast has become very con- 
cerned about , the low paid and 
the levels of taxation, will she 
take the necessary steps to 
abolish the poll tax? 

Mrs Thatcher: There is no 
peril tax what we have proposed 
is a community charge. .which 
win be rebated. I note he favours 
a system in winch many people 
pay nothing in local rates but 
l- put up public expenditure. 

Police attack 
on youths 

Mr Douglas Hand, the Home 
Secretary, admitted in the Com- 
mons that the attack on five 
youths by two police offices in 
North London two years ago 
was deeply damaging to the 
Metropolitan Police and would 
continue to be so unless and 
until h was cleared up. 

He was questioned over the 
incident by Mr Christopher 
Smith (Islington South and 
Finsbury. Lab) and Mr Gerald 
Kaufman, chief Opposition 
spokesman on home affairs. 

Mr Kanfrnau: There is a grave 
danger that unless the men 
responsible for this unwarranted 
crime are discovered and dealt 
with there will be an increase in 
public anxiety and the good 
name of the Metropolitan Police 
will be sullied. 

Will Mr Hurd make it dear 
that men who shield criminals 
within the Mctroplhan Police 
collude in the crime of these 
men? Is it appropriate for him to 
consider whether such men. 
unless they assist in discovering 
the eriminalx, should re main 
members of the pofice force? 

Mr Hurd said the burden of 
proof was exactly the same for 
police officers as for any other 
citizen. The Metropolitan Police 
had made it dear that if fresh 
evidence came to light it would 
be investigated. 

to deal 
with crime 


A major initiative to deploy the 
unemployed on crime preven- 
tion work in the Community 
Programme was to be under- 
taken, Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary said during 
Commons questions. 

The Government's strategy 
for fighting crime was practical 
and realistic and the Govern- 
ment would pursue vigorously 
proposals arising from the 
Prime Minister’s crime preven- 
tion seminar. 

They will continue to provide 
the police with resources and 
powers to help them in their 
task, and the court with ade- 
quate powers to deal with 

Mr William Hamilton (Cen- 
tral Fife, Labh Violent crime has 
increased more than 60 per cent 
under this Government. Does 
Mr Hurd not regret the way the 
Tory party ana Tory Govern- 
ment deceived the electorate in 
1979 and 1983 elections by 
pretending there are simple 
solutions to these problems? 
The social causes of crime were 
real. The deprivation as a result 
of crumbling bousing stock and 
the massive increase in un- 
employment are important fac- 
tors and unless and until the 
Government realises these hard 
facts ibe figures will continue to 

Mr Hard said be did not 
believe there were simple an- 
swers to crime. But the Conser- 
vatives alone bad a practical and 
realistic strategy to deal with it 

There was endless debate 
about the root causes of crime. 

He a gre ed that social prob- 
lems, particularly those of the 
inner cities, needed to be tackled 
and the Government was doing 

Mr Timothy Yeo (South Suf- 
folk. O said that whatever 
theoretical research might pur- 
port to show, commonsensc 
suggested that people were in- 
fluenced by wnai they saw on 
television. And if young people, 
particularly, were subjected to a 
constant diet of violent tele- 
vision programmes there was 
likely to be an increase in 
violent behaviour. 

Mr Hrad agreed. Common- 
sense pointed in that direction, 
be said. This was why be was so 
anxious that the broadcasting 
authorities, in addition to the 
admirable existing guidelines, 
should exert themselves to 
make sure they were fully 

Mr Donald Dixon (Jarrow, 
Lab) recalled that a constituent 
aged 15 had bought a lethal 
cross-bow. The Home Office 
had said it was an important 
matter which was kept under 
review. Had anything been done 
about it? Would the Govern- 
ment 'bring in legislation to 
prohibit the sale of these bows? 

Mr Hurd agreed there was 
public concent. The Govern- 
ment was looking urgently to sec 
if anything sensible could be 


Progress in 
talks about 

Mrs Thatcher described her 
recent talks with Mr Turgat 
OzaL the Turkish Prime Min- 
ister as very good and said she 
believed he was making enor- 
mous strides in improving hu- 
man rights in his country. 

They had dicussed the situa- 
tion in Cyprus, she said, and 
they hoped both parts of the 
island which were currently 
artifically partitioned would co- 
operate with Mr Perez De 
Cuellar of the United Nations 
who was reeking a saisj factory 
solution in Cyprus. She was 
rralying to Mr Richard HJckmet 
(Gtanford and Scunthorpe Q 
who had asked her to comment 
on Anglo-Turkish relations 
following Mr Ozal’s visit and to 
agree that Turkey was commit- 
ted to a just and fair solution for 
both communities in Cyprus. 

Court of Appeal 

Law Report February 21 1986 

Court of Appeal - - 

Regina v Secretary of State for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs, Ex parte Trawnik and 

Before Lord Justice May, Lord 
Justice Ralph Gibson and Lord 
Justice Stocker 

a {Judgment given February 181 
The contents of certificates 
issued by the Secretary of State 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 
1 A flairs under section 40(3Xfl) of 
the Crown Proceedings Act 1947 
I'and section 21 of the State 
1 Immunity Act 1978 were conclu- 
sive evidence of any matters, 

I -whether of fact or of law or of 
mixed fact or law which were 
• ■certified in. them.- 

It followed that any applica- 
tion for judicial review of such a 
‘■certificate, although not pre- 
cluded by (he provisions of 
I "either Act, would, if based on 
the proposition that that which 
If had been certified w-os so dearly 
wrong that the certificate had to 
2 (hc a nullity, be bound to fail 
because no extrinsic evidence 
•m could be called. 

« The Court of Appeal so held, 
■^dismissing two appeals by the ■ 
..applicants, Gunter Trawnick 
22 and Louise RcimeU. from- -the 
determination by the Queen's- 

26 Bench Divisional Court on 
April 1 6. 1 985 1 The Times April 

27 IS. 1985), of three preliminary 
issues ordered to be tried in 

28 connection with their applica- 
tions for judicial rei iew of three 
certificates issued by the scc- 

r„rctary of state on November 3, 
**1983. and November |. 1984. 
‘under the 1947 Act and on 
September 17, 1984, under the 
2 1 978 Act. _ „ __ . 

Mr John MacDonald. QC and 
3 Mr Owen Davies for the ap- 

No remedy in Berlin firing range nuisance claim Test for upsetting 

industrial tribunal 

pticants; Mr John Mummery for 
the secretary of state. 

that there was a proposal to 
establish a machine-gun range at 
Gaiow in West Berlin for use by 
British troops stationed there. 
The applicants were German 
citizens living near the site who 
feared that they would suffer 
nuisance as a result of the noise. 

The German court in West 
Berlin, where they first at- 
tempted to ventilate the matter, 
hod no jurisdiction to try any 
suit Involving a member of the 

Allied Kommandatura in Berlin 
unless authorized to do so. An 
application for such authority 
was refused. 

The applicants consequently 
issued a writ in the Chancery 
Division of the High Court, 
claiming, in a quia timet action, 
declarations against the Min- 
istry of Defence on the ground 
of anticipated nuisance. 

The Foreign Secretary. Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, then issued the 
first of the two certificates under 
section 40(3X«) of the Crown 
Proceedings Act 1947. which 
provided that such a certificate 
should “for the purposes of this 
Act be conclusive as to the 
matter so certified"'. 

. The certificate stated that 
“any liability of the Crown 
alleged in the {applicants'] ac- 
tion , . . arises otherwise than in 
respect of Her Majesty's Gov- 
ernment in the United 

On April 16, 1984, Sir Robert 

Megarry. Vice-Chancellor. 

struck out the action against the 
Ministry of Defence but gave 
the applicants leave to add the 
Attorney General and Major 

General Gordon Lennox, the 
British military commandant in 
Berlin, as defendants {Trawnik 9 
Ministry of Defence {The Times 
April 19, 1984; p985] 1 WLR 

Subsequently, the Court of 
Appeal allowed the Attorney 
General's appeal a ping the 
joinder order ( Trawnik v Len- 
nox and Another ( The Times 
December 14, 1984; [1985] 1 
WLR 532). Major General 
Lennox’s application to set 
aside the proceedings against 
him had yet to be determined. 

On September 17, 1984, the 
Foreign Secretary issued the 
second certificate, under section 
21 of the State Immunity Act 
1978, which provided that such a 
certificate was “conclusive ev- 
idence on any question (a) 
whether any . . . territory is a 
constituent territory of a federal 
state — or as to the person or 
persons to be regarded {for the 
purposes of Part 1 of tbc Act] as 
the head or government of a 
state . . .“. 

The certificate stated that 
Germany was a stale and that 
the persons to be regarded as its 
government included the 
kommandatura of Berlin, 
including Major General Len- 

The third certificate, issued 
on November 1. 1984. was in the 
same terms as the first, issued 
under the 1947 Art, except that 
it referred to the action as 
amended to include the Attor- 
ney General and Major General 

On December 17, 1984, Mr 
Justice McNeill gave leave' to 
issue proceedings for judicial 
review of the certificates and 

ordered preliminary issues to be 
tried as to: “whether the fact 
that the certificates are . . . 
conclusive as to the matters 
referred to . . . precludes judicial 
review of the certificates in 
relation to the matter certified 
and renders inadmissible all 
evidence ... in contradiction of 
the terms of the certificates.” 

The Divisional Court held 
that judicial review did not lie in 
respect of the certificates, which 
precluded the admission of any 
evidence in respect of the nut- 
ters certified in contradiction of 
the certificates. 

On appeal, the applicants 
sought principally to attack the 
two certificates under the 1947 
Act. They drew attention to the 
words “for the purposes of this 
Act" in section 40(3Xo) and 
submitted that the certificate 
was not conclusive as to 
proceedings for judicial review. 

Further, it was submitted that 
in the Chancery Division 
proceedings, a certificate could 
only be conclusive if it was a 
valid one; it was for the courts 
and not the secretary of state to 
determine whether a certificate 
was valid: see Anismlnic Ltd v 
Foreign Compensation 
Commission (11969] 2 AC 147, 
170) per Lord Reid. 

There were numerous matters 
which, if the applicants were 
allowed to refer to them in 
judicial review proceedings, 
would be more than sufficient to 
show that the statement in each 
certificate was so obviously 
incorrect that it had to be a 

But in his Lordship's view, 
the fact that the Divisional 
Court had reached the cotrer 

decision could now be shown 
merely by reference to the 
judgments of the Court of 
in R v Registrar qf 

C ompanies, Ex parte Central 
Bank of India {The Times 
August 2, 1985; [1986] 2 WLR 

In that case the relevant 
statutory provision was section 
98(2) of the Companies Act 
1948, which provided that a 

in pursuance of the Act “shall be 
conclusive evidence -that the 
requirements of this Part of this 
Act . . . have been, complied 

The ratio of the decision was 
directly in point in the instant 
appeal: As a matter of construc- 
tion, the words “shall ... be 
conclusive as to the matter so 
certified” in section 40(3X6) 
were equivalent to a provision 
that the certificate should be 
conclusive evidence of the mat- 
ters certified, whether those 
were questions of fact or law or 
of mixed fact and law. 

Such wonts did not preclude 
an application for judicial re- 
view of the certificate but such 
an application, if based on the 
proposition that what had been 
certified was- so dearly wrong 
that the certificate bad to be a 
nullity, would be bound to fail 
because the evidence which 
counsel would wish to call to 
jvc that very thing could not 
■ adduced. 

So far as the certificate under 
the State Immunity Act 1976 

was concerned, the position was 
a fortiori having regard to the 
actual wording of section 21 of 
that ACT. 

If it were necessary to decide 

the point, the matters certified 
in’ the certificates were “matters 
of state” relating to questions of 
recognition arising in the con- 
duct of foreign relations and, 
once held to be so, were not 
renewable by the courts: see 
Council qf Civil Service Unions v 
Minister for the Civil Service 
([1985] AC 374). 

Finally, his Lordship agreed 
with the view expressed by the 
Divisional Court that section 14 
of the Tribunals and Inquiries 
Act 1971 dkl not apply to the 
issue of the certificates by the 
Foreign Secretary in the instant 

ft followed that the prelimi- 
nary issues had to be answered 
in the secretary of stale's favour 
and the appeal should be dis- 

Lord Justice Ralph Gibson 
and Lord Justioe Stocker deliv- 
ered concurring judgments. 

Solicitors: Seifert Sedley Wil- . 
liams; Treasury Soticttor. 

Neale v Hereford and Worces- 
ter County Comal 

Where an industrial tribunal 
had done its job of finding facts, 
applying the relevant law and 
reaching the conclusions to 
which h$ findings and the 
experience of its members led it, 
it would not be often tint an 
appellate tribunal or court could 
legitimately say that its conclu- 
sion offended reason or was one 
to which no reasonable tribunal 
could have come. 

The. Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice May. Lord Justice Ralph 
Gibson and Lord Justice 
Stocker) so stated on February 
18, allowing the employers 
appeal from the Employment 
Appeal Tribunal. 

that an industrial tribunal was 
in many ways an industrial jury. 
It knew its area, each member 
had substantial experience 
of industrial problems, and 

Time not relevant 


O’Shea v Immediate Sound 
Services Ltd 

Periods of time applicable in 
the. High COurt before cases 
were struck out for want of 
prosecution were not relevant to 
actions in industrial tribunals, 
Mr Justice Poppleweil said on 
February 13, sitting in the 
Employment Appeal Tribunal 
with Mr H. Robson and Mrs M. 
Sunderland, when dismissing an 
appeal from an industrial 
chairman's decision to strike 

out an originating application 
under rule 12(2X0 of the Sched- 
ule to the Industrial Tribunals 
(Rules of Procedure) Regula- 
tions (SI 1980 No 884). 

His Lordship said that indus- 
trial tribunals ought to be swift 
and they usually were. If ap- 
plicants or their advisers 
thought that die normal ap- 
proach to litigation which per- 
tained elsewhere could be 
applied to industrial tribunals 
they should be disabused of the 

heard that type of case regularly. 

When it had not erred in law, 
neither the Employment Appeal 
Tribunal nor the Court of 
Appeal should disturb its de- 
cision unless one coukl say in 
effect “My goodness, that was 
certainly wrong". 

GIBSON said that it would be 
unwise and potentially unfair 
for a tribunal to rely on matters 
which occurred to members 
after the hearing, not having 
been mentioned or treated as 
relevant by the parties, 'without 
the party against whom the 
paint was raised being given the 
opportunity to deal with H, 
unless the tribunal could be 
entirely sure that the point was 
so dear that the party could not 
make any useful comment in 

A tribunal was entitled to. and 
should, have regard to a point 
which had not been mentioned 
or to which little or no weight 
had been attached, according to 
their own assessment of hTbut 
. in forming, that assessment it 
should pay careful and proper 
attention to the course of the 
hearing aa d the way in which 
and the extent to which a point 

had been made and relied upon. 


In R v Chief Rem Officer for 
Kensington and Chelsea London 
Borough Council (The Times, 
February 7) counsel for the rent 
officer was Mr Duncan Ouseley, 
not Mr Guy Sankey. 


















' -S 



*7 :# v. 

— iRtl. 

(J»pj til £> )±SjO 


ma r 

str ate*! 

w r* ? t r 

Police to 



Cartoons controversy 

Scholars at loggerheads over Rubens 

‘Threat to 
the arts’ 


By Urn Jones 

The 174 members of the distinction in the Aostro-Him- 

Corresnfl 2^ ^»ili tern up today for a special 

correspondent feeling hoping to karntSU 

u j ,cc . ,B - troubled bt 9 e au ^>ons are the 
Handsworth, Birmingham, ^ « Rubens. They are 
P”Q to recruit more officers to be disappointed, 
from ethnic minorities by It is the hint tarn in a 
tounng the area, and knocking controversy which has tainted 
on doors. the reputation of die museum 

west Midlands Police cartoons were bought 

vopes that a spin-off of the . £^£5 mfllkxi in mysterious 
£60.000 recruitment cam- arca n as ta n c es seven years 
paign will be the prevention of a £° - They were intended to 

■ ^ 

^ iti 

: - • -*'4 

It is the latest tarn in a. 
controversy which has tainted 
the reputation of the museum 

. - ' 

■ ... , ' 'Kibj 

j «ip z 
■ r-’’ K V 



•• -wS* 


. ■«*** 
. . * *^<1. 

riots such as that which left 
two people dead Last Septem- 

Senior officers are con- 
cerned because only 95, or 1 5 
per cent of the Force's 6,650 
members, come from the eth- 
nic minorities. Mr David 
Gerty, assistant chief consta- 
ble, said the recruiting drive, 
backed by a leaflet campaign 
and advertising, would hiyn 
soon in a pilot area in Bir- 
mingham. He expected offi- 
cers to go into Handsworth 
during the summer. 

The plan for the campaign 
has been drawn up by Chief 
Inspector Keith Newell after 
studying police recruitment in 
New York. An officer from 
there will travel to Birming- 
ham to advise West Midlands 
Police when the cam paign 

The present West Midlands 

CTh au ce a collection which 
had been said to be “seriously 
inferior" to those is other 

The three art experts ap- 
pointed to investigate the 
background of the cartoons, 
collectively known as “The 
History of Aeneas'*, are under- 
stood to differ over the vital 
*ssne—were they, or were flay 
not, painted by Rubens? 

leading Habeas scholars 
have already disagreed public- 
ly over the authenticity of the 
cartoons and earlier rtw$ 
mouth Dr Peter Cansen- 
Brookes, the museum’s keeper 
of art, was suspended on fall 
pay while an investigation is 
held into the naming of his 

The moseum, which mort- 
gaged two yeare of its purchas- 
ing power to buy the cartoons. 

ganan empire. 

That secrecy has fedfed 
widely contrasting claims, 
gaag fo g from the proud boast 
that the cartoons are among 
the greatest art discoveries of 
the post-war period to the 
contemptuous dkmk«*l of 
them by one museum governor 
as “the most costly pieces of 
dirty old paper is history". 

Dr Canuon-Bkookes, aged 
46, has beat staunch in his 
defence of the 9ft by 4ft 

He has recently been fa 
Italy, fcotwofidaring his re- 
search into their authenticity 
and hopes soon to pabBsh a 
booklet which be believes will 
fully vindicate him. 

However, if, as expected, he 
is present at today’s meeting, 
be most be prepared to defend 
his judgement against at least 
two of the “Three Wise Men", 
who have spent months on 
their own research. 

Sir Oliver Millar, Keeper of 
the Queen's Paintings, and Dr 
Christopher Brown, lass depu- 
ty keepo- and aerator of Dntcb 
and Flenrish paintings at the 
National Gallery, are said to 
have come out against the 
Rnbens attribution, while Dr 
John Rowlands, keeper of 
prints and drawings at the 

n ii - T« , , . 

over Bill 

‘at risk in 


By David Hewsoo 
Arts Correspondent 

By Christopher Wannan 
Property Correspondent 

Film and television indus- 
try leaders yesterday con- 
demned the private member’s 
I Bill to amend the Obscene 
Publications act as a threat to 
< the nation’s artistic life. 

Mr Michael Grade, control- 
ler of BBCI, said if Mr 
Winston Churchill's Bill be- 
came law, television series 
such as the Forsyte Saga, the 
Jewel in the Crown. Monty 

Python and the television 
King Lear, could not be 

percentage of 1.5 was not 
enough, Mr Gerty said. Ten 
per cent or more was the aim. 
Meanwhile, a report by West 
Midlands County Council 
said yesterday that 
Handsworth faces the possi- 
bility of more riots. * 

The £10,000 report, which 
was compiled by five black 
people, ted by Mr Herman- 
Ousetey, deputy chief execo- 
tif?e of Lambeth council, says 
that deep-rooted racism was 
the real cause of last ! 
September's multi-million 
pound riot. 

Black people m Britain fed 
they are living under a form of 

~ * « t 

... • -waufci 

; ; ;v -c Cf^ 

• * • isu*. 


believe the cartoons aremdeed 
them- Vast paintings on paper, fa, the hand of the master, 
used by weavers as a pattern 3 n*w«er. 

for tapestries, thev were The majority evidence is 

for tapestries, they were 
bought from the Heim Gallery 
in London, which guanmteed 
that good tide to the pictures 

The majority evidence is 
nnfikdy to dent the conviction 
of Dr Canoon-Brookes, who is 
known to have traced the 

Dr Cannon-Brookes (top) 
is at the centre of the 
controversy. Sir Oliver 
Miliar (above) is under- 
stood to reject the attribu- 
tion of the paintings to 
Rubens. Right: One of the 
disputed cartoons which 
have set scholars at odds. 

was possug and that im export cartoons to within 10 years of 
licence controls had beat con- Rubens's death in 1640. 

As part 

' He has suggested that the 
the deal, the issue had been fomented by 

museum gave an undertaking the anti-apartheid lobby, 
to the gallery that it would not which is angry about bis two 

disclose for 10 years the name touring of Sooth 

of the owners, said to be of Africa. 

The Bar&ggto* Magazine 
carried the differing views of 
two leading Rnbens scholars 
about tbe cartoons in its issue 
of March 1983. 

Dr Jnttus Held, the Ameri- 
can Rnbens scholar, said hi 
tbe that he believed 

they were painted by a seven- 
teenth century follower of the 

master, possibly Thomas Rubens's own hand." 
WiDeboirts Bosschaert. Professor -Fafffr, who ad- 

But Professor Michael vised the museum on the 
Jaff£, director of the purchase, fax described 
Fttcwilliam Museum, Cam- the decision to suspend Dr 
bridge, wrote: “They are their Csnnon-Brookes as a 
own documents, the brilliance witchhunt. “It is the most 

of their execathm is seif 
evident, and nothing can be 
seen hi them which is not in 

appalling situation in a muse- 
um I thtnle anyone hyc 

heard of.** 

King Lear, could not be 

Mr David Attenborough, 
tbe broadcaster, claimed the 
proposals would black out all 
news coverage of violence in 
South Africa. Tbe Bill planned 
to outlaw a “laundry list" of 
acts which it was now possible 
to see on the television screen. 
"I have to tell Mr Churchill 
that the preying mantis does 
four of these things at the 
same time" 

The proposed changes 
would extend the Act to 
television, introduce the list of 
banned practices, and place 
the onus on producers to 
prove artistic merit. 

Mr John Mortimer, the 
barrister and writer who creat- 
ed Rumpole of the Bailey, said 
it was a “silly Bill." A play 1 
showing masturbation could j 
lead to a three-year jail sen- 1 
trace for its producer, be said. 

Mr Michael Winner, film 
producer and director, fore- 
cast the changes would affect 
an galleries, museums, opera, 
ballet and theatre. 

Mr Grade said the Bin was 
the result of an attempt by Mrs 
Mary Whitehouse to impose 
her “narrow Victorian vision 
on society". 

About L2S million people in 
England and Wales are living 
in squalor and danger in 
multiple occupied booses, a 
London conference organized 
by the Institution of Environ- 
mental Health Officers was 
told yesterday. 

Mr Roy Emerson, presi- 
dent. said local authority fig- 
ures showed that 82 per cent of 
the estimated 300,000 such 
houses are unsatisfactory. 

According to the Fire Re- 
search Station, tbe risk of fee 
is 10 times greater than la 
other types of bousing. “Fur- 
thermore, a targe number of 
the houses are literally falling 
apart, have inadequate beat- 
ing, lack proper cooking and 
washing facilities, and are 
badly managed by landlords 
who are happy to collect rents 
bet less than enthusiastic 
about meeting thdur responsi- 
bilities to their tenants”, he 

Most tenants are vulnerable 
members of society, indodiag 
ethnic minority groups, tow- 
income families, the elderly 
and tbe young and single. 

Department of the Environ- 
ment statistics show there are 
an estimated 334,000 shared 
houses iu England and Wales, 
of which 145,000 are in Great- 
er London. A total of 35 
councils bad more than 2£00 
shared bouses, of which 18 
were in London. Kensington 
and Chelsea ted with 16,700, 
and there are 13fr00 in Lewi- 
sham, 10,200 in Haringey, and 
10,000 in Leeds. 

The DoE said that I7M00 
houses, or S3 per cent, were 

mey are living under a form or 
: xr. apartheid, the report says. 
Birmingham appears to be the 

Learning a democratic 
approach to politics 

£800,000 grant challenged 

“capital of race discrimination 
in Britain", with prejudice In 
housing, social services, edu- 
cation and employment 

Official publication of the 
report due today, has been 
postponed, but details were 

Mr Geoffrey Dear, West 
Midlands Chief Constable, 
says in another report, howev- 
er, that the riots erupted, 
because drugs barons in 
TMndswonh had been angered 
by new policing policies. 

By George HID 

A book designed to “export discussion, mode elections 
parliament to schools" was and a mock Parliament 

Solihull and Walsall district 
councils launched an attempt 
in tbe High Court in London 
yesterday to stop the doomed 
West Midlands Council 

launched yesterday with 'the 
backing of Mr Gerry Neale, 
Conservative MP for Corn- 
wall North. 

Finding Out, What Happens sending £800,000 earmarked 
r hen 1 Vote is tbe latest in a ^ Birmingham international 

When I Vote is the latest in a 
series of colourfiilly designed 
booklets for schools about 
social issues such as smoking, 
drugs and nuclear energy. 

“We have worked through 
tbe booklet with a panel of 

airport on grants to voluntary 

social issues such as smoking, The two councils, which 
Designed for students lak- drags and nuclear energy. take over responsibility from 
ing courses such as civic “We have worked through West Midlands Council when 
education, or visiting Padia- the booklet with a panel of it is abolished next month, are 
ment, it gives a non-party' teachers to make sure it is asking Mr Justice McPherson 
acco unt of the workings of the totally non-political and only to rate that the derision to 
parliamentary system, and en~ deals with the mechanics of spend the money was unlaw- 
courages participation in class parliament" Mr Neale said. fid. 

ment, it gives a non-party teachers to make sure it is 
acco unt of the workings of the totally non-political and only 

courages participation m class 

Mr David Keene, QC, for 
tbe councils, told the judge 
that because of government 
rate support gram penalties 
for overspending, the total 
cost to ratepayers could be £4 

He said that although the 
West Midlands Council had - 
agreed to consult their succes- 
sors over how the money 
should be spent, the two 
councils which win take over 
the running of the airport had 
a legitimate expectation to 
have been consulted over the 
transfer in the first [dace. 

The failure to do that was 
“unreasonable" and a breach 
of West Midlands' duty to 
ratepayers, Mr Keene said. 

Mr Konrad Schiemann, 
QC, for West Midlands Coun- 
ty Council, denied that the 
authority had acted 
unlawfully. He said consulta- 
tion would take place, al- 
though West Midlands was 
under no legal duty to do so. 

Tbe two councils' action 
came after the hearing of a 
similar application against the 
Greater Manchester Council. 
Judgement was reserved. 

Anthrax fears over 
pack of foxhounds 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

A pack of foxhounds in 
north Devon is being checked 
for anthrax after being fed an 
infecied'pony carcass. 

The pony was one of two 
that died of tbe disease, possi- 
bly catching spores from 
ground where infected cattle 
were buried more than 30 
years ago. 

The pony carcass was fed to 
bounds at Dulverton West 
kennels before veterinary sur- 
geons realized it died of 

anthrax. The pack has been 
treated with antibiotics, but is 
still bring closely watched. 

Ministry of Agriculture offi- 
cials are also ievestigating 
another anthrax outbreak near 
Ilfracombe, eight miles away. 

Anthrax spores can- remain 
active almost indefinitely un- 
less deliberately destroyed. 
The normal practice is to bum 
infected carcasses. The field 
where the ponies were kept is 
to be disinfected 

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Russia puts huge space 
station into orbit as 
congress curtain-raiser 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

The contrast in the space 

era has been hi g hli ghted by the 
Soviet launch ofa giant, new- 
generation space station as a 
spectacular curtain-raiser to 
next week's Communist Party 
' congress. 

The successful launch of the 
station, complete with six 
docking positions, came just 
over three weeks after the 
American shuttle disaster. 

Western experts here 
claimed that the new craft 
underlined the steady progress 
in the Soviet manned space 
programme, in contrast to the 
more dramatic achievements 
and failures of the Americans. 

As part of the Kremlin’s 
campaign to depict the Soviet 
Union as the leader in the 
peaceful exploration of space, 
the station is called “Mir% the 
Russian word for peace. 

According to Mr Alexei 
Leonov, the deputy head of 
the Soviet cosmonaut training 
centre, the launch represented 
the start of the transition from 
research to “large-scale pro- 
duction activities” in space. 

Although at present un- 
manned, Mir is intended as a 
base for a permanently 
manned complex orbiting the 

Describing the facilities on 

board the new space laborato- 
ry, Mr Leonov said that 
conditions for the cosmonauts 
— now undergoing a special 
training programme — would 
indude separate cabins, and 
even individual desks and 

He added that it would only 
be possible to determine how 
long the station could remain 
in dibit after the completion 
of its first flight. 

The Launch caused wide 
interest among Western ob- 
servers here. Apart from the 
technological aspects, the tim- 
ing and manner of the launch 
was seen as a public relations 
triumph for the Kremlin very 
much in the mould of the new 
image being presented by Mr 
Mikhail Gorbacfaov.the party 

The Soviet Union, which 
put the first man in space in 
1 96 1 . has long declared its aim 
of creating a permanently 
manned station in space. 

Salyut 7, the Soviet Union's 
other space station, has been 
~in mbit since 19&2, but Mr 
Leonov explained yesterday 
that it was too small for the 
now being implemented 
Soviet experts. 

The last Soviet mission 
ended prematurely in Novem- 
ber last year, when cosmonaut 

Vladimir Vasyutin was struck 
down by a mystery illness and 
had to be brought back to 

Study of subsequent pub- 
lished accounts of the aborted 
mission convinced diplomats 
that the cosmonaut had suf- 
fered what amounted to a 
nervous crack-up in space. 

• PARIS: Western Europe 
resumes its interrupted chal- 
lenge to the United States for 
the lucrative satellite market 
tomorrow, with tire 16th 
launch of an . Arianc rocket 
from Konrou in French Guia- 
na (AFP reports). 

Like Nasa, the European 
Space Agency has had its own 
problems. Tomorrow’s Ariane 
launch will be the first since a 
foiled launch on September 

Then, scientists had to Wow 
up the rocket after nine min- 
utes 52 seconds, became it 
strayed from its course. 

But -European hopes are 
high again. Tomorrow Ariane 
will carry an ambitions first 
F rench Earth-observation sat- 
ellite developed with Swedish 
and Belgian p ar tic i pation^ and 
a Swedish scientific satellite to 
study the magneti c sphere and 
the aurora borealis. 

Spectrum, page 10 

A star in Flute Bette Dans, aged 77, the award-waning American fOm actress, at a Fans 
press co nfere nce yesterday to mark a season of her films which begins there to m o r r o w . 

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The Swire Group H3 , 

Middle East peace setback 

Moderate leader^ 
reject Husain call 
to abandon PLO 

.ones who looked after Pales- 
, tinian rights, be said. 

■ The only well-known Pales- 
tinian pubtidy prepared to -two countries to trust each 
| consider what die King has other as fully as in the past. 

Israel extends hunt for 
kidnapped soldiers 

from Our Own Correspondent, Jerusalem 

Another Israeli was kilted in 
south Lebanon yesterday after 
troops searching for two kid- 
Iftappcd sokficra ran into rests- 
tance from local militia. 

1 A fierce battle, using tanks 
land artillery, pinned down 
T Pff i of the Finnish battalion 
serving with Unify (UN Inter- 
im Fence In Lebanon) and 
skirmishes raged along tire 10- 
mile front and deep into 
Lebanese territory where the 

from Ian Murray, Jernsatem 

Moderate West Bank lead- said was Mr Elias Frey, Mayor 

of Bethlehem. Palestinians 
would now have to face up to 
reality, he said. 

The solution would have; to 
be thrashed out between! lire 
Americans, the Israelis and 
the people of the West Bank 
and the Gaza Strip. 

Mr Frey, however, is con- 
sidered an Unde Tom figure, 
although Israel regards him as 

one of the few Arabs prepared 
to defy PLO terror threats and 
to seek out for moderate 

leading Israeli politicians 
were pleased but not over- 
optimistic about the Kings 
statement. Mr Peres said he 
was not surmised because the 
main stumbling block to peace 
had always beat the PLO. 
Now a new road would have 
to be found. t 

Mr Yitzhak Rabin, the - Is- 
raeli Defence Minister, was 
more enthusiastic. He said 
that a golden opportunity had 
now appeared. The Palestin- 
ians had an historic chance to 
take their destiny in their own 

A Foreign Ministry spokes- 
man said King Husain's 
speech merely marked the end 
of a wasted year in which 
nothing was done because ofa 
futile attempt to enrol the 

The spokesman said the 
PLO were like zombies and it 
was important to try to elimi- 
nate their . influmm in the 
occupied territories if there 
were to be any chance of 

p ea c e, l« 

The Foreign Ministry posi- 
tion remains that the only 
realistic way ahead is for 
direct negotiations with Jor- 
dan without any PLO involve- 
ment of any kind. ! 

The King, however, is not 
seen as having slammed the 
door in the face of the PLO. 
“The King always keeps many 
doors open,” the -spokesman 

Israel is now going through 
the speech in detail, checking 
what it sees as many factual 
errors in the King's analysis. 

The US is likely to be asked 
to clarify its actions as de- 
scribed by the King, because 
they are at variance with 
Israel’s own understanding of 
'backing. They~ were the only the facts. | 

This potential dispute be- 
tween Israel and the US may 
make: it more difficult for the 

era refused yesterday to join 
King Husain of Ionian in 
abandoning the Palestine Lib- 
eration Organization as a part- 
ner in the search for Middle 
East peace. 

He put an end to ft year-long 
search for a joint negotiating 
position with the PLO by 
saying he could no longer co- 
operate politically with it ^un- 
til their wmd is their hood”. 

He saved this announce- 
ment for the end- of a 200- 
minute televised speech, 
which finished just in tune for 
every east Jerusalem newspa- 
per to write editorials de- 
nouncing his decision. 

In his speech the King called 
on “Palestinians in the occu- 
pied te rritories and the dias- 
pora, as wen as Arab capitals 
and organizations” to take 
over the job of finding a 
solution from the PLO. 

He tried to speak directly to 
the people of the occupied 
territories, praising their cour- 
age in staying on their land 
and urging them to “stand 
talT. He was dearly appealing 
to them to come forward and 
help Him to seek peace with- 
out the PLO. 

Mr Hanna Siniora, the edi- 
tor of M-Fajr, is a Palestinian 
who is prepored to negotiate 
and who was accepted by the 
US as a potential delegate to a 
peace conference because of 
his public stand against terror- 

But yesterday he was sure 
that no one would accept the 
King’s offer, because, he said, 
only the PLO was prepared to 
fight Amt the right of Palestin- 
ians to have their own nation. 

Most significantly, bis 
words were echoed by Mr Zafr 

et-Masri. He was appointed 
mayor of the city of Nablus at 
the end of last year as part of 
an experiment by Mr Shimon 
Peres, the Isradi Prime Minis- 
ter, on handing over power at 
local level to responsible Arab 
leaders as part of a gradual 
process of devolution. 

He was chosen because he 
bad no PLO background, and 
ihas strong connections with 
jJordan, where his nephew is 
Foreign Minister. But yester- 
day he refused to consider 
doing anything without PLO 

search continued. 

Major-General Ori Orr, of 
brad’s Northern Command, 
said there was no proof the 
misting men had been execut- 
ed desjnte claims by an anony- 
mous caller to a Beirut 
newspaper saying he was from 
the Islamic Resistance Move- 

General Orr said lie was 
confident the kidnappers had 
not been abte to take their 
hostages out of the area and 

the search would continue - 
especially in response to de- 
mands by Islamic groups. 

There have been no arrests 
since Monday night when two 
men, thought to have been 
some of the kidnappers, were 
captured. But large caches of 
arms and ammunition h zl j z 
been discovered, convincug 
the Israelis to continue search- 

The search is taking on 
political significance and 
Amal Shia militia leaders, 
who control the area north of 
the buffer zone, fear -the 
Israelis may extend the zone 
as they search timber into 
Amal territory. 

UN headquarters at 
Naqqoura have bean) of vil- 
lagers being ill-treated try Is- 
raeli army units — reminiscent 
of the. iron fist policy that 
caused Israel's unpopularity 
before its withdrawal last year. 

for Prince 

from Trevor FSshlock 

One old T< 

to be u a tepeessed by 
the Prince of Wales. “Why," 
be said, gyring Into the Uteri- 
don camera which was pran- 
Mng him Ms moment of fame 
finely he would due to be 
outrageous, “he is do better 
than I am. We both put our 
pants on the nme way - one 

dost of Tens, however, is 
impressed, and the Prince b 
dra w in g large cro ds dnring 
Ms progress through the state. 
Countless wo m en confess 
themselves weak at the knees. 

Houston gave the Prince a 
worthy but rather dnD day, 
gate oat of keeping with the 
bncomeeriiig character of that 
iag» swMgermg, city. 
He visited a refinery and an 
oM people's home. 

The city laid on the inevita- 
ble dinner, and the Prince 
t trns&gx evening with 
wealthy Texans. 

The food was notably no- 
Texan — not a bowl of diflfi 
nor a barbecued rib hi sight. 
Strong frontiersmen who 
gnawed T-bones in their cribs 
food themselves addressing 
vegetable pile and raspberry 
custard, and wondering if Tex- 
as was felling victim to creep* 
mg socialism, or in other ways 
gftmg tn the! d ogs 

Queen in Nepal page 9 

Ozal takes 
firm liike* 
on Cyprus 


Mr Tmgut Ozal, the Turk- 
ish Prime Minister, said yes- 
terday that Turkish troops 
would not be withdrawn from 
northern Cyprus until a solu- 
tion to the Cyprus problem 
was reached dial contained 
intees for the Turkish 
(. iot minority in the north 
the island. 

Answering questions at a.- 
press conference at the end Sf 
his four-day official visit to 
Britain, Mr Ozal said he 
“really wanted" a sedation to 
the Cyprus problem and ex- 
pressed support few the UN 
settlement initiative. 

Despite the lack of p r o gress 
on the Cyprus issue, Mr Ozal 

seemed satisfied with his folks 

in London. It was dear he hart 
achieved tbemain objective of 
nts visit, which was to portray 
Turkey as a country succeft- 

folly preparing itself form: 


He invited Mrs Thatcher 
and Mr Neil Kinoock, the 
Labour Party leader, to Tur- 

Asked about the fete of four 

Britons serving long senipfiy^ 
in Turkish prisons for drugs- 
related offences, he indicated 
that no legal obstacle stood in, 
the way of their transfer tty 
Britain now that both coun- 
tries had ratified the Council 
of Europe convention. 


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Tutu fails to meet Botha over unrest 

From i Michael Hornsby 



the second time in 
' !J ve J rt mo u nth s President Botha 
r So n ? Africa yesterday 
*ff .turned, down an opportunity 

JnUi* 1 ? bfack An 8* ican Bish- 
op or Johannesburg, to discuss 
pleasures to reduce the unrest 
r ■* ra black townships, • 

,. T Bl shop Tutu flew to Cape 
Town yesterday with other 
. churchmen hoping to see Mr 
Botha to whom he had sent a 
.message the’ previous day 
requesting a meeting. They 
were received at the Tuynhuis. 
the presidential office, but toM 
mat the President had a 
. previous engagement which 
could not he broken at short 

Instead, President Botha in- - 
strutted the Deputy Minister 
of Defence and Law and 
Order, Mr Adriaan Vlok, to 
"folk on his behalf to Bishop 
Tutu’s party,. The group in- 
cluded Dr Allan Boesak, a 
Coloured, and Dr Beyers 
Naude, a white, who are 
1 leading anti-government min- 
. isiers of the generally pohticaJ- 

v *'4fc\., - - ly non-conformist Dutch 

.. >';V‘ “ Reformed Church. 

- . fl l'-' •’■-"The meeting lasted two 

• - r ‘fl° urs - Neither side would • 

- . ^ c ~ ^ ' -comment on the discussions 

• ■ V.'.j- a /;"*'■* afterwards. The churchmen 

p ; ■ said they would bold a press 

li conference later today at the 

Johaonesbure headquarters of 
the South African Council of. 

Had the meeting with Presi- 
dent Botha gone ahead, it 
would have been the 
President's first direct contact 

He said the parents had 
described Sooth Africa's ra- 


cially divisive school system as 

“revulsive and intolerable". 


He told of one case where a 

5wn. ■ 

white woman “came and cried 

in my office, saying she did dm 

want her children educated in 
that country". 

1 Bishop Desmond. Tntu talking with a policeman in Cape Tpwsk before his unsuccessful attempt to see President Botha. 

caused by 

• • * " 



' a 

with radical opponents of the 
Government. Dr Naude was 
“banned” for seven years, and 
Dr Boesak faces trial on 
charges of subversion, and is 
on baiL 

They and Bishop Tutu have 
called for international eco- 
nomic sanctions to be im- 
posed on South Africa. - On 
Wednesday, they disclosed 
that they had appealed., on 
behalf of the SACC, to foreiga 

bankers to seize South African 
assets abroad rather than agree 
to re-schedule the. country’s 

Last July, as unrest swept 
black townships in the wake of ‘ 
the Government’s declaration 
of a stale of emergency. Presi- 
dent Botha rejected a request 
from Bishop Tutu for a meet- 
ing. pleading a heavy schedule 
and saying he could not talk to 
persons who refused to 

"denounce violence and civil 

Bishop T uiu's latest request 
was prompted by the violence 
in Alexandra, the black suburb 
in north Johannesburg, where 
23 people are now estimated 
to have died. 

An elderly woman, said to 
have been set on fire after 
bang accused of being a witch, 
died of her burns in hospital 
on Wednesday night Most of 

the deaths were 
police gunfire. 

Life in the Alexandra shanty 
town, which is unusual in that 
it lies close to white residential 
areas, has returned to a sem- 
blance of normality, although 
schools remain shut and 
heavily-armed police are still 
patrolling its streets. 

Incidents of continuing un- 
rest are reported from many 
parts of the country. 

Where a man can earn 
most and live best 

Front Alan McGregor, Geneva - 

A skilled workman in Los compares with £1,12? for their 


* ^ 


Angeles, earning £2,436 
month, leads' his counterparts 

- worldwide in purchasing pow- 

survey Issued here. 

Second an the list is his 
' equivalent in Geneva (£ 1 , 564 ). 

- These wages are for men with 
10 years' experience employed 

' ■ by large companies.. • 

Their purchasing power k 
- calculated on a basket of 28 
"• -' items, including transport 

The survey , by the Union 
Bank of Swiberiand puts an- 
nual salaries of departmental 
beads In industry at between 
£36,000 and £59,000 in the 
US, compared with £37,000 la 
■ ' “Geneva mad £37,745 in Zurich. 
Teachers with 10 years* 
'^experience. come out best- in 
" New York (£27,636), followed 
by Geneva (£27,054). This 

in Manila amt 
£800 for those in Bombay. 

Income tax and social secu- 
rity deductions average 20 per 
cent of annual revenue among 
12 professions in the 49 rides. 

Los Angeles has the world’s 
most. expensive tuds (£640 
for three 'miles) followed hy 
Zorich (£6.18) and Geneva 
(£5.63). The average compara- 
tive charge is £342 in West 
Europe and £5.05 in North 

Unemploymeirt in Switzer- 
land was 1 per cent (31444) at 
the end id January, compared 
with 13 per cent a year ago. 
Women make 19 almost 40 
per cent of the total. 

Hie survey graphically un- 
derlines that a oighf m a. first? 
dass -hotel - is oxnasiogh 
affordable only by the affluent/ 

Chad raid 

. Paris (Reuter) — The French 
Defence Ministry released 
photographs and details yes- 
terday of its air raid against a 
rebel airfield in northern Chad 
last Sunday, and said the 
runway appeared to be still 
out of action. 

One picture taken by an 
attacking French aircraft 
showed its' dispersal bombs 
blasting the 12,500ft landing 
strip at Ouaddi Doum. Anoth- 
er showed military installa- 
tions arocmd the airfield, 
including a Soviet-built Liby- 
an^ armoured vehicle. 

Air Force General Bernard 
Litre told defence correspon- 
dents that the base waa ringed 
by .a mitilary radar network 
and 34. anti-aircraft positions 
that included two batteries of 
Sam 6 missiles. 

Commonwealth group 
sees businessmen 

From Our Own Correspondent, Johannesburg 
Three members of the Com- Boesak, the Dutch Reformed 

7^** • 

monwealth “Eminent Persons 
Group” visiting South Africa 
have met leading members of 
the white business community 
here after earlier talks in Cape 
Town with government min- 
isters and opposition MPs. 

The former Australian 
Prime Minister, Mr Malcolm ' 

Fraser, the former Nigerian 
head of state. General 
Olusegun Ohasanjo, and the 
president of the World Coun- 
cil of Churches, Dame Nita 
Barrow, have also met leading 
extra-parliamentary oppo- 
nents of the Government 

On Wednesday they saw 
Mrs Winnie Mandela, the wife 
of Mr Nelson Mandela, the 
jailed leader of the outlawed 
African National Congress. 

Earlier in the week, in Cape 
Town, they met .Dr Allan _ ducted in almost total secrecy. 

Church clergyman who is a 
leading light of the United 
Democratic Front 

On Wednesday evening the 
Commonwealth group hosted 
a dinner in Johannesburg for 
local businessmen. Among the 
guests was Mr Tony Bloom, 
head of the Premier Group, 
who was among the business- 
men and opposition MPS who 
talked with the ANC last year 
in Lusaka, 

Ministers seen by the group 
included Mr R.F “Pik” Botha, 
the Foreign Minister, General 
Magnus Malan, the Minister 
of Defence, and Mr Chris 
Heunis. the Minister of Con- 
stitutional Planning and De- 

Their visit has been con- 

Parents in 
trek to 

From Jan Raath 

Many anxious South Afri- 
can parents are asking Zimba- 
bwe education authorities to 
allow their children to be 
taught in Zimbabwe’s multi- 
racial schools. 

The national news agency 
Sana qaoted Mr Dongai 
Mntmnhnfca. the Minister of 
Education, as saying that his 
office was receiving “20 or 
more” applications dally from 
white, black, CoJoared (mixed 
race) mid Asian Sooth Afri- 

However, South African ex- 
iles interviewed here said they 
enderstood most of the appli- 
cations had come from muted- 
race families in the Cape and 

It is also reported that 
South African parents are 
extremely worried by contain- 
ing street violence.One father 
from the Cape Town Coloured 
township of Mitchell’s Plain, 
trying to secure a place for his 
son in a local school here, said: 
“Several of my kid’s friends 
were put in hospital by police 
ballets and sjamboks. It’s only 
a matin of time before he gets 
hurt and I don’t want that." 

Ministry sources said they 
had also received applications 
from Sooth African exiles in 
Botswana fearful of Sooth 
African commandos crossing 
the border. 

Some children of South 
African families have been 
accepted into Zimbabwe 
schools but only after their 
families have been granted 

With a 200 per cent increase 
in enrolment in government 
schools since independence, 
the over-bnrdened 

Zimbabwean education sys- 
tem cannot absorb foreigners 
and so adheres to the policy 
that both its children and their 
parents prove residency before 
being accepted. 

**Onr resources are 
stretched to the absolnte *»"»»>- 
We’ve got enough problems 
dealing with our own pupils, 
let alone foreigners,** said die 
headmaster of a primary 
school which recently admit- 
ted three Sooth Africans. 

Amin claims his 
troops play 
key Uganda role 

From Charles Harrison. Nairobi 

Genera! ldi Amin, the for- 
mer Ugandan dictator now 
living in exile in Saudi Arabia, 
claims he is concerned about 
President Yoweri Museveni 
controlling the southern part 
of Uganda while the former 
Army holds the north. 

Speaking from Jiddah. Gen- 
eral Amin said; “These people 
in the north are not sleeping — 
if Museveni continues to ad- 
vance towards the north. Gen- 
eral Basilio Okello will move 
his troops to Kampala." 

General Amin, who ruled 
Uganda from 1971 to 1979 
before being deposed by a 
combined force of Tanzanian 
troops and Ugandan guerril- 
las, said the thousands of his 
former troops who fled with 
him to Sudan and Zaire, but 
then returned after the over- 
throw of President Milton 
Obote last July, were still a 
cohesive force in nonhem 
Uganda and were working 
with General Okello. 

He says that General Okello 
bas “fighting patrols" near 
KampalaTThe more time we 
get, the more the training for 
an offensive." 

Officials in Kampala denied 
his claim that there had been 
an attempted coup against 
President Museveni in Kam- 
pala in the past few days. 

They also denied that north- 
erners living in southern 
Uganda had been harassed 

and killed and “their houses 
have been burnt with them 

General Amin said two 
African countries, which he 
would not name, were sup- 
porting President Museveni’s 
troops. “I advise those coun- 
tries to leave Uganda to scule 
its own problems peacefully- 1 

General Amin: (he people 
are not sleeping. 

am appealing 10 Ugandans not 
to kill themselves. 

“I love all the tribes of 
Uganda. My Army consisted 
of all tribes," said the general. 

The former dictator says he 
maintains close contact with 
Uganda, even though he is 
being pressed by Saudi Arabi- 
an authorities not to involve 
himself in Ugandan politics. 

44 die in Sri 
Lanka blast 
and clashes 

Colombo (AP) — At least 44 
people have been killed in 24 
hours in Sri Lanka's Northern 
and Eastern provinces, gov- 
ernment officials said. 

A military spokesman said 
security forces carried out an 
anti-guerrilla offensive in (he 
predominantly Tamil Jaffna 
district on Wednesday, hours 
after 36 civilians and four 
soldiers were killed in a 
landmine Mast 
Troops assisted by light 
aircraft and helicopters at- 
tacked two guerrilla hideouts, 
killing four and injuring sev- 

*We have repeatedly 
warned civilians to stay away 
from terrorist hideouts. Our 
targets were isolated and there 
was no reason for innocent 
people to live in those areas", 
the spokesman said. 

Poles reprieve 
ordered out 

Wroclaw, Poland (Reuter) 
— An American teacher due to 
be deponed from Poland yes- 
terday won a last-minute re- 
prieve from the Communist 
authorities to spend at least 
another month here with her 
Polish husband. 

Donna Sue Kersey, from 
Kemucky.who has lived in 
Poland since 1981 and has a 
one-year-old daughter, had 
her application for a residence 
permit and visa extension 
rejected without explanation 
last November. But she stayed 
illegally. Police detained her 
for 24 hours earlier this month 
and ordered her to leave 
Poland. But while she was 
packing yesterday, a police- 
man railed at her flat and 
summoned her to the passport 
office. She was given a visa 
until March 18. 








































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White House 
dilemma after 
Congress vote 
on Philippines 

From Michael Binyoo, Washington 

Nailing colours to the Manila mast 

As an angry Congress over- 
whelmingly passed a resolu- 
tion condemning the 
Philippine election as a “mas- 
sive fraud", the Reagan Ad- 
ministration has decided to 
deliver a telling snub to Presi- 
dent Marcos by sending only a 
low-level diplomat to his inau- 

Normally a senior official 
such as Vice-President George 
Bush, would represent Presi- 
dent Reagan at the inaugura- 
tion of a close US ally. But 
after his own condemnation of 
the election, Mr Reagan is also 
unlikely to send any message 
of congratulation to the Phil- 
ippine leader. 

5? The Senate's non-binding 
££ resolution, passed by 85—9 
votes on Wednesday, called 
on the President personally to 

convey its concern to Mr 

Marcos. It said the elections 
re “were marked by such wide- 
^ spread fraud that they cannot 
be considered a fair reflection 
p* of the will of the people.” 
jj,' Conservative Republicans, 
do such as Senator Robert Dole, 
i* the majority leader, have 
” urged caution, saying Con- 
gress needed more “concrete 
evidence" of fraud before 
cutting off aid. 

His caution reflects the 
dilemma of the Administra- 
tion. Mr George Shultz, the 
Secretary of State, also urged a 
continuation of aid. He told a 
Senate budget committee: 
“We have on our hands a very 
delicate and difficult situa- 
tion. and we don't want to 
jump at it with precipitous 














































































Habib, the US special envoy, 
was “gening around very 
carefully” in Manila, consult- 
ing all sides. 

But the .Administration is 
finding it ever harder to 
counsel moderation with a 
rising tide of emotion in 
Congress and the country. Its 
argument that it must main- 
tain good relations with Ma- 
nila because of the US bases 
has provoked hostile reaction 
among Democrats. 

“If we don't pull the plug on 
President Marcos, in due 
course the Philippine people 
will puli the plug on the 
United States and our bases.” 
said Senator Jim Sasser, a 
Tennessee Democrat who has 
introduced legislation to cut 
off all aid. 

Just as over South African 
sanctions. President Reagan, 
reluctant to condemn anyone 
preaching anti-communism, 
is being forced to take a 
tougher stance to maintain the 
policy initiative. 

The White House has seen 
the present crisis coming for a 
long time. But while deter- 
mined not to be seen under- 
mining a long-standing US 
ally, in the way President 
Carter was accused of under- 
mining the Shah of Iran, the 
Administration realizes that 
Mr Marcos must go. and go 
soon, if street riots and chaos 
are to be averted. 

However, the Administra- 
tion docs not know at the 
moment how it can help a 
peaceful transition, given the 
bitterness of all sides. The 

EEC envoys snub 
Marcos with 
call on Aquino 

A contrast in attitudes of East and West towards the post-election crisis in the Philippines: 
Mrs Aquino (above) greets the Spanish Ambassador, Seder Pedro Ortiz AnnesgoL while 
the British Ambassador, Mr Robin McLaren (second right) looks me mid (bekm) the Soviet 
Ambassador, Mr Vadim Shabalin (left), presents his credentials to President Marcos. 

action.”He said Mr Philip _ Habib mission is seen here as 

playing for time, in the hope 
that Mr Marcos will see the 
strength of feeling ranged 
against him. ' - 

One official said the Ad- 
ministration was “walking a~ 
tightrope by trying to be a 
constructive — and not de- 
structive — influence". It 
wanted to avoid any step that 
would “radicalize Marcos or 

Mr Larry Speakes, the 
White House spokesman, has 
therefore described any steps 
to cut off aid as “premature”. 
Mr Shultz said on Wednesday 
that US military aid remains 
the best and most effective 
tool to promote the reform 
and development of a 
country's armed forces. 

This year the US is to give 
Manila military aid totalling 
S54.7 million (£37.7 million) 
and economic aid of $181.2 

Ambassadors of the coun- 
tries of the European Commu- 
nity caned on Mrs Corazon 
Aquino, the opposition leader, 
yesterday in what appeared to 
be an unprecedented diplo- 
matic gesture. 

Mr Robin McLaren of Brit- 
ain was joined by the ambas- 
sadors of Ireland. Spain, the 
Netherlands, France. Belgium 
and Italy, while West Germa- 
- ny and Denmark were repre- 
sented by charge d’affaires. 

The envoys, who went to 
Mrs Aquino's offices at her 
invitation, were later joined 
by the ambassadors of Swit- 
zerland, Norway, Austria, Fin- 
land and Sweden in the 
strongest repudiation so far of 
President Marcos's claim to 
have won the presidential 

The Japanese Ambassador 
followed his European col- 
leagues later with a visit at bis 
own request. Though Japan 
has not sent any congratula- 
tory message to Mr Marcos, 
the embassy has also request- 
ed an audience with him. 

The Dutch Ambassador, Mr 
Weiger Hell em ^speaking as 
the present chairman of the 

From David Watts. Manila 

by the two sides said Mrs 
Aquino reiterated her deter 
minaiion "to vindicate the 
people's verdict and assume 
the presidency at the earliest 
possible time''. 

The visit was interpreted 
here as a strong snub for the 
Marcos Government. When 
EEC diplomats visited the 
Foreign Ministry later die first 
question pot to them by the 
Government concerned their 
discussions with Mrs Aquino. 

- As a follow-up to their 
gesture yesterday the EEC 
governments have been con- 
ridering a boycott or low-Jcvri 
representation at President 
Marcos's inauguration cere- 
mony scheduled for next 

Faced with a marked lack of 
enthusiasm from the outside 
world, th: Philippines Gov- 
ernment is now talking of a 
small ceremony, perhaps at 
the Malacanang Presidential 
Palace, with the official expla- 
nation that difficult economic 
circumstances have forced 

more modest celebration on 
the Government. 

In that event it would 
probably be a relatively pri- 
vate affair thus relieving gov- 
emments of a ticklish 


EEC said it was normal to call 
on the head of the legal diplomatic decision, 
opposition. But one of his The opposition is planning 
colleagues said later that it was a national day of protest the 
unprecedented in his expert- next day which appeals to be 
ence for the EEC to make such gathering steam with agree- 
. a raQ collectively. _ mem by trades union organi- 

st is an extraordinary rations to take part. 


gesture,” he said. “But these 
are extraordinary times in the 
Philippines. " 

Mrs Aquino impressed her 
visitors with her reasonable 
attitude. She did not ask for 
recognition as the winner of 
the election but for support for 

An agreed statement put out 

A mass protest march of 
students to the Makati busi- 
ness district is planned today. 

• GLENDALE; California: 
An executive of the Philippine 
AW3, a newspaper opposed to 
t Ire Marcos Government, was 
shot dead at his home north of 
Los Angeles after receiving a 
threatening note (AP reports). 

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Party sons 
for rape 

Peking (AP) — Two Chinese 
I journalists, reportedly the 
sons of senior Communist 
Party figures, have been exe- 
cuted for rape. 

The Xinhua news agency 
said three men were executed 
and three others jailed for 
between three and 20 years for 
raping or molesting 48 women 
between 1981 and 1984. 

It said the case was the 
biggest reported since the 
Communist Party last month 
launched its crackdown on 
corruption by those in privi- 
leged social positions. 

Chinese television yester- 
day screened film of the men 
being convicted and then be- 
ing driven off to the Shanghai 
execution ground where “their 
execution had been warmly 
welcomed by residents”. 

The pro-Peking Hong Kong 
newspapers Wen Wei Po and 
Ta Rung Poo said Chen 
Xiaomeng, who was executed, 
and Chen Binglang, who was 
jailed, were the sons of Mr 
Chen Qiwu, former head of 
the Communist Party propa- 
ganda department in Shang- 

Another of those executed 
was Hu Xiaoyang, son of Hu 
Ljiao, the chairman of the 
Shanghai municipal People's 

Xinhua said that Chen 
Xiaomeng was a reporter for 
Minzhu Yu Fazhi (Democracy 
and the Legal System), a 
prominent law-and-order 

His brother, a worker in a 
civil aviation factory, was 
sentenced to 20 years in jaiL 

Hu Xiaoyang, the other 
reporter executed, worked for 
I an architectural journal. 

The third man executed was 
Ge Zhiwen, a worker in a 
Shanghai perfume factory. 

According to unofficial re- 
ports, the grandson of the late 
Marshal Zhu De was executed 
in 1982 for rape fait the case 
was not publicly reported. 


_ * 
I \ 

3 * 

Soviet envoy 
for smuggling’ 

Tokyo (AP) — The Soviet 
Union's Ambassador to Japan 
has reportedly been arrested 
for trying to smuggle electron- 
ic products into Moscow. 

Quoting the West German 
newspaper Bild Am Sonniag, 
Kyodo News Service and the 
daily Mainichi Shimbun said 
Mr Pyotr Abrosimov, aged 73 
was arrested at Moscow air- 
port after he was found with 
29 electronic products, includ- 
ing an electronic calculator 
and a videotape recorder. 

One Soviet Embassy official 

denied the report, saying; “I 
believe it is a lie”. Another 
confirmed that Mr Abrosimov 
had returned to Moscow but 
said she had not heard of hi* 

Kyodo, quoting Japanese 
Government sources, said Mr 
Abrasunov was very dose to 
die late Soviet leader. Leo n j d 
Brezhnev, but was not on the 
same good terms with Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov. 

The sources would not con- 
firm the reports of his arrest 
but speculated that he may 
soon lose his position. 


Smith . 

> ■ 


How assnred is West 
Germany's position as a 
Irocbpin of the W esters Alli- 
ance? Without its foil and 
active participation there 
would be a vacuum in the heart 
of Europe and a deva st a ti ng 
gap in the AEthncc structure. 

I have been paying particu- 
lar attention to this question 
during my talks in West 
Germany this week. But I a m 
convinced that it does not 
really arise so long as the 
preseat Government remains 
in power. 

Although one should never 
forget that it is a coalition, 
with differences of emphasis 
between the Christian Demo- 
crats and the Free Democrats, 
its commitment to the Alliance 
is not in doubt. There is 
particular pride that the Gov- 
ernment kept its nerve over die 
Euro-missiles wbfn so many 
people were saying that it 
would be impossible to deploy 
them against such strident 

At the same time, this is a 
government eager for dialogue 
with the Soviet Union. It was 
one of die first to press for a 
summit meeting between Pres- 
ident Reagan and Mr 

Now, after the atmospheric 
success at Geneva in Novem- 
ber, there is concern (hat (be 
next meetup in Washington in 
the smnmer should produce 
score specific progress. This 
might take tire form of an 
agreement on chemical weap- 
ons, or conceivably —so I have 
been told — on conventional 
forces in the MBFR negotia- 
tions in Vienna. 

But attention is particularly 
directed to American sugges- 
tions for responding to Mr 
Gorbachov’s proposals on in- 
termediate range missiles 
which Mr Paul Nitze, Presi- 
dent Reagan's special adviser 
on arms control, has been 
taking around European capi- 

I detect some scepticism in 
Bonn as to whether the idea of 
removing all such missiles 
from "Europe is immediately 
practicaL ■ It seems to be 
regarded as a somewhat dis- 
tant ideal. I also sensed a 
preference, if medium range 
missiles are to be eliminated, 
for treating them all alike 
whoever they are sited — 
rather than allowing the Sovi- 
et Union to keep half its SS20s 
in Asia as an interim arrange- 

Prospect of second 
phase of detente 

What I have not found hi 
governing circles in Bonn, 
however, is any pressure for 
British and French conces- 
sions on their independent 
nuclear deterrents. 

The critical questions about 
Germany's role in the Atlantic 
Alliance would arise, though, 
only if there were a change of 
government in Bonn. In my 
conversation with Herr Johan- 
nes Ran, the Social Democrat- 
ic challenger for the 
Chancellery, I formed two 
distinct impressions on thk 
point — that be does attach 
importance to the Alliance, but 
that he wants to keep (he 
greatest possible freedom of 
manoeuvre on specific policies. 

An SPD Government, ue 
told me, woold offer the pros- 
pect of a second phase of 
detente. Bat it would remain in 
Nato. It would want to reduce 
the level of armaments, bid 
only by negotiations. 

Bat what if agreement could 
not be reached with the Soviet 
Union on Euro-raissiles? At 
this point Herr Ran was 
reluctant to be drawn. He 
would want to remove the 
missiles from West Germany 
only as agreed Nato policy, but 
oe did not want to makesnch a 
committment now for fear of 
weakening his hand within the 

He was somewhat delphic 
asto whether he wonld favour 
concessions on the British and 
rreneb deterrents for the sake 
o* a missile agreement. These 
were first of a U ques- 
tioned for the British and 
Erench theiwelves, he raain- 
tained. But then he added that 

triiole had no more nuclear 
weapons than the British and 
french have together now. 

ine overall conclusion I 
drew was that an SPD Govern- 
Herr Ran might 

2 T? oM not be too distarb- 
* oaW have to watch 
“* left-wing, but would take 

SSLS! ° adermine * 

bttveea the 
SPD and the Greens, however, 

matter. The 
wens would be bound to 
exert an influence on notin’ 
*o°W be Tb 

presumably decline to lead 
a government. Without 

mod of fais 

SoSdS 08 "rtwnce there 
be cause for concern. 





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Royal tour of N>H.1 

The Queen meets her 
loyal, brave and 
roost ferocious soldiers 

Fl °m Michael Hamlyn, Kathmandu 

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iom °L h Z Hi “fi *4? 
aom. the Queen met someof 


r«iw t »J , ? w fCT ocious they 
could be is testified to in the 
citations when they won their 

daS°h?n 0nS ‘ F ? r example, one 
Bu ^na m March. 1945, 
Bhanb hakta Gurung 
S , up , w hde under heav£ 

fine and dropped ? sniper in a 
tree. Then, his blood up, be 
char^rd a foxhole, killing i£ 
J*° occupants with grenades. 
He chared on. alone, to the 
next foxhole and dispatched 
the Japanese soldier in it. 

By this time properly 
worked up. he charged a 
bunker whence a machine gun 
was directing a withering fire 

— — « TIUI LU2» 

.the curved, broad-blad- 
ed Imife that every Gurkha 
soldier carries. Finally he 
fowled inside the bunker and 
lulled the remaining Japanese 
who was still firing tbe gun 
Yesterday Bhanbhakta 
tjurung. who was eventually 
promoted to corporal, stood 
on the lawn of the British 
defence attache's bungalow in 
Kathmandu and said he had 
enjoyed his time in the Army. 
After the war, though, he went 
® ac ^ to his village and now, 
farm ■ ’ makes his living 

. ^hahadur Rai, who won 
tbe MC in tbe Malayan emer- 
gency. was in no doubt about 
what it was he missed about 
the Army. “The comradeship 
and the corn bats," he said, bis 
eyes twinkling. He is now 70, 
and lives in a tiny village close 
to the foot of Everest 
. Bu t when he received his 
invitation to meet the Queen, 
he set out to walk to the 
nearest place he could catch a 
bus to the Gurkha depot. It 

in Delhi 

Delhi (AP) - Some 10,000 
demonstrators and about 100 
opposition deputies were ar- 
rested yesterday in a protest 
against recent government- 
ordered price rises, police 

As many as 20,000 demon- 
strators thronged the streets 
outside Parliament on the 
opening day of the new budget 
session, which was boycotted 
by opposition parties. 

Police said about 100 oppo- 
sition deputies and their sup- 
porters voluntarily placed 
themselves under arrest. 

Some demonstrators broke 
police lines during the rally 
and smashed the windscreens 
of several government buses. 

Women activists beat their 
breasts, chanting “Prices are 
going up — what are we to 
do?" Other demonstrators, 
carrying flags and banners, 
shouted: “Down, down with 
(Prime Minister) Rajiv 

President Zail Singh told 
Parliament that the country 
was feeing several crucial 
economic problems and that 
progress could not be made 
without sacrifices by citizens 
and “hard decisions" by the 
Government. “The question 
basically js whether we want 
to stand on our own feet or 
not." he said. 

• Kashmir protest: Angry 
crowds yesterday clashed with 
police and set alight two buses 
in Srinagar, capital of Indian- 
held Kashmir, tbe Press Trust 
of India reported as violence 
continued over tbe reopening 
of a place of worship disputed 
by Hindus and Muslims (AFP 

Brigadier Hunt-Da vis as she 
met the bravest of the brave. 
The brigadier is responsible 
for recruitment. 

The Gurkha tradition in the 
British Army began when the 
British failed to defeat the 
Nepalese in 1816. On the 
theory that if you can't beat 
them, have them join you, 
they were invited to sign up 
with the former enemy, and 
since then they have distin- 
guished themselves. 

• Plea to Howe: Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, the Foreign Secretary, 
will be pressed on his return 
from Nepal to intercede on 
behalf of the kingdom's Chris- 
tian minority, which hay ap- 
pealed for help against 
religious persecution (Our 
Parliamentary Staff writes). 

He will be presented with a 
dossier collected by two Brit- 
ish MPs which rites 36 exam- 
ples of torture, brutality or 
bureaucratic harassment of 
the 35,000-slrong Christian 

Plainclothes policemen grating »ith a 

before leadSg°hS^ a y 0 r a V3S&SS£r* *'** * *“**““*" “ 

French-speakers go on the offensive 

FriHD Diana HmMk r ■ . . 


Fact Nasa 
chiefs did 
not know 

From Mohsin Ah' 

A presidential commission 
fswestigatmg the Challenger 

explosion has said that at least 
three key Nasa officials did 
not know that some rocket 
engineers had advised against 
the launching of the shuttle ou 
January 28 because of cold 

The commission said that 
engineers for the shuttle 
booster rocket builder, Morton 
Thiokol, had straggly urged 
ag ain st the flHated launching. 

According to a shiwiMit 
the panel learnt on die day 
before the launch that Morton 
Thiokol had recommended 
that Challenger should not 
blast off because of the weath- 
er. ^Alfheagjh senior • Morton 
Thiokol officials ’ bier ap- 
proved the launch, die state- 
ment said, a number of 
engineers at the company stQl 
strongly urged against iL 
Mr Jesse Moore, shuttle 
director, told a Senate sub- 
committee hearing that he was 
unaware of the engineers* 
concern. If he had known Ik 
would, have sought farther 
information before approving. 

the launch. ^ 

Rear-Admiral Richard Tru- 
ly, a veteran of two space 
shuttle missions who heads 
the Naval Space Command, is 
expected to be named to 
succeed Mr Moore as Nasa 
associate administrator in 
charge of the shuttle pro- 
gramme. Five days before the 
January 28 explosion, Nasa 
announced that Mr Moore 
would become director of the 
Johnson Space Centre in 

From Diana Geddes 

A strategy to save the 
French language from the 
ever-growing onslaught of En- 
glish has been adopted ai the 
first Francophone summit. 

Delegates from the 39 
French-speaking countries 
agreed to set up an interna- 
tional agency for the world- 
wide broadcasting of French- 
language television 
programmes with an initial 
three-year budget of 16 mil 
lion francs (£1.5 million). 

France decided to earmark 
one of its four telecommunica- 
tions satellite channels, due to 
be launched this year, for the 
relay of only French-spoken 
programmes. It also agreed to 
pay 29 million francs to 
double tbe hours of French- 
spoken programmes on its 
cable television network. 
TVS, which is already relaved 
to most European countries 
and will soon be extended to 
Africa and North America. 

particularly worried by the 
increasing dominance of En- 
glish, a group is to be set up to 
list existing French-language 
data banks in order to co- 
ordinate and extend their 

Delegates to the summit 
also agreed to launch a paper- 
back book series devoted to 
French authors; promote the 
publication of French school 
books: and, organize a Franco- 
phone book fair to be held 
every two years in Paris. 

Concerning foreign affairs.' 

the summit adopted a careful- 
ly-worded resolution con- 
demning “without 

reservation" the system ot 
apartheid in South Africa but 
n avoided any mention of 
sanctions. Several African del- 
egates made clear their dis- 
pleasure at so mild a 

A second Francophone 
summit will be held in Quebec 
in 1988 and a committee has 
been formed to make prepara- 
tions and work out guidelines 
for the new Francophone 

Seoul rio 


Seoul (AP) - Riot p< 
withdrew yesterday from 
headquarters of the main 
position party after tbwai 
its plans to bold a meeting 
campaign to change the coi 

But opposition sources 
at least 270 New Korea Dt 
craricPam leaders and n 
bera. Including 80 deputit 
the National Assembly, * 
still under bouse arresi 

The country's two I 
known dissident leaders, 
Kim Dae Jung and Mr 
Young Sam, were air. 
under house arrest v 
yesterday's police action 
gan. NKDP officials had 
mated tbe police force se: 
off their headquarters 
1.000. Police said they • 
trying “to prevent a sefaed 
illegal assembly". 

The Government of P 
dent Chun Doo FI wan 
served warning that it will 
similar steps hi the futm 
halt the campaign to co 
signatures in support 
changes in the constitutio 
Police moved into the 
overnight, barring entry 
the second time in a week 
midday police buses and r. 
of uniformed and p lain clc 
officers lined the streets 
the party headquarters. 

They barred 
ty mem ^ re an 









Farm workers jailed 
for demanding jobs 

From Richard WIgg. Madrid 

A court in Seville yesterday 
jailed seven farm labourers for 
creating a public disorder by 
staging a sit-in at a town hall 
to protest against a lack of jobs 
on the land. 

The seven were each jailed 
for six moalhs for the 1 983 sit- 
in in the Andaluria region. An' 
eighth man was sentenced to 
28 months' jail for his part in a 
previous sit-in elsewhere. 

The sentencing court was 
the same one that, a fortnight 
ago. ruled in favour of local 
landowners and against tbe 
introduction of the 
Andaiucian regional 
government’s land reform 
programme passed last Octo- 

A spokesman for the 
workers' trade union — whose i 
genera] secretary, Senor Diego 
Canamero, was one of the 
eight jailed - said the sen- 
tences made it difficult for the | 
labourers to respect the law 
“which condemns them for 
demanding work while at the 
same time it paralyses even 
the smallest attempt to change 
Andahiria’s land structures 
responsible for their 

The Andaiucian govern- 
ment will fight the court's 
decision against the legality of 
its agricultural reform pro- 
gramme as will the union 
against tbe jail terms. 

In the world of data process- 

ing, where the French are 

Tass accused 
by dissident 
Jewish pianist 

Moscow (Reuter) — The 
Soviet pianist Vladimir 
Feltsman yesterday accused 
the official news agency Tass 
of distorting an incident in 
which a piano at the United 
Slates ambassador's residence 
was damaged. 

Piano strings were found to 
have been tampered with only 
hours before Mr Feltsman, a 
Jew denied permission to 
emigrate, was due to give a 
concert. The US Embasssy 
blamed “unknown vandals". 

Tass said the incident had 
been turned into an anti- 
Soviet spectade.In an open 
letter to Tass made available 
to Western reporters, Mr 
Feltsman denied the agency's 
accusations that he was hys- 
terical and attention-seeking. 
“All I said was that I regarded 
the act as absolutely 

91 scientists 
in polar ice 

Hobart, Australia (AP) — In 
a race against tune, an 
icebreaking ship was being 
prepared yesterday to rescue 
91 Australian scientists and 
researchers stranded in the 

Fears that the group was 
trapped in polar ice were 
mounting after an Australian 
research ship, the Icdrird, 
reported engine' trouble and 
was forced to turn back, said 
Mr Jim Bieasel, director of the 
Science Department’s Antarc- 
tic division. 

'Access wifi depend on 
exactly how soon the sea ice 
starts to advance,” he said. "If 
the wind blows the ice into a 
solid pressured mass, access 
will be difficult,” 

Ice .. conditions were tbe 
worst in memory. 





And thats |ust the 
diesel pump. 

At BP we appreciate the growing trend 
towards diesel being used in ordinary family 
cars. So in many of our service stations you'!, 
find modern self-service diesel pumps along- 
side the petrol pumps. 

Now you might think that this would create 
problems such as people accidentally putting 
diesel into, cars designed to take petrol. That's 
why we've introduced the 'talking' diesel pump. 

Quite simply, when you lift the nozzle the 
pump speaks out a warning, very politely we 
might add, advising you that it is a diesel pump 
and nof a petrol pump.. It's just one in a long 
line of forecourt innovations from BP. But in the 
case of this latest service station improvement, 
we'll let our diesel pumps do the talking. 

P Britain at its best. 



































Y c 

















pu 1 











do - 






















I - . 






Yesterday's launch of a 
new, adaptable 
■ orbiting station puts 
; the Soviet Union 
: ahead not only in the 

JUfw Grimwacte 

industrial and military 

exploitation of space 

I but also in the race to 


| Mars. Keith Hindley 
[ plots the possibilities” 


J/hile American sdenusis wonder 
r’hai effect the recent Challenger 
|_isasicr will have on Nasa s shuttle 
rogramme and its associated 
ciiTojeos. the Soviet L'nion has 
punched the first of a new- generation 
*»f space la bora lories. putting the 
—■ea lion of the first permanenUy- 
lanned space station only a week or 
— vo away. 

coi Named Mir ("peace" in Russian), 
new- craft will form the hub of a 
■v.atform that is planned to present the 
c £bvict Union with direct military 
vconaissance advantages, a platform 
Hr scientific research, and a staging 
jst for a manned flight to Mars by 
C'c late i°40s. 

'£ Mir certain! > marks a major ad- 
<'ince in the Soviet manned space 
c ^ogramme. It carries not only the two 
Hacking ports for crews to arrive and 
Hpart carried by ihe old Soviet 
jlz/rw laboratories.’ but also four other 
cudre solidly built pons. Modules as 
£ rge as the ’.10-ion Sa/ua laboratories 
Fiat the Soviet Union has been firing 
^hce 1971 could be docked into these 

i. ur positions. Mir would ihen act as 
GA'e vital hub of a massive space 

’men with four separate research 
hooratories arranged like the spokes 
“j a wheel. 

“The Russians say that a standard 
HUhw of 12 could live comfortably in 
L^ch a station, with space for 20 or 
Fore for snort periods. The new 
“gjition has much more luxurious 
siing quarters than the spartan Saiyiit 
^oratories. Each cosmonaut will 
o-^ve his own sleeping compartment, 
run to the bunks in modem atomic 
^marines and the first concession to 
Misacy in manned spaceflight. The 
£issians ate even speaking of exten- 
t-c recreation areas and comfortable 
'^n chairs. 

^{The MIR vehicle will provide the 
cjcial heart of a large manned station 
^hilar in design to the space la bora to 
pofs that Nasa hopes to have orbiting 
JJi earth in six to eight years* time. 
tu<e design allows research modules 
m j additional Mir craft to be added 
sjja station complex at will - with no 
jtparem limit to the size of the 

cXhe Mir craft will accept modules ol 
v *ee main i>pes. two ol" which the 
Liissians have already discussed in 
witail. “Techno" modules will carry 
Austria! research projects. These will 

j. iude the production of ultra-high 
dl aliiy materials for the micn>- 

ctronics industry, the purification 

chemicals and mixtures (to provide 

^igs. fop example), engineering ex- 
F.iments such as welding and bond- 
■>; for future space construction, and 
{^logical studies on the crew and 
Hier lifeforms. 

S'Astro” modules will house experi- 
n-nts in the physical sciences includ- 
},. major astronomical projects, one 
ba them a modest sized space tele- 







^ TO MARS ' I 















Butterflies safe 
in the system 

Why developers will 
no longer be able to 
plead ignorance 

when rare species 

are under threat 

Testing, testing: engineers preparing the Mir module for launch from the Baikonur cosmodrome, Kazakhstan 

scope. The Russians have already 
conducted hundreds of such experi- 
ments using the old Salmi laborato- 

The mosi frequent visitor to future 
Mir stations, however, is likely to be 
the secret military spy module, which 
the Russians'hpve been reluctant to 
discuss. This will operate more effec- 
tively from the low orbit usual !y 
empioyed by the Russians than 
similar cameras, telescopes and sen- 
sors carried at greater heights by 
.American space shuttles. 

Defence work is the mainstay of the 
Soviet space programme. Three of the 

seven Sdhia space laboratories of 
recent yeans were exclusively military 
while the others undoubtedly carried 
out spy missions. 

Crews will travel to and from the 
new stations in the three-man Soyuz-7 
capsules, using the two small docking 
pons. With an expected standard crew 
of 12. this means that Mir will be the 
first permanently manned space sta- 
tion. Within two or three years, as 
MIR facilities expand, the Russians 
will commission their own mini- 
shuttle to carry up to half a dozen 
cosmonauts and technicians along 
with important equipment. 

Eventually this shuttle will take oft 
and land at any major military' 
airport, allowing great flexibility in 
wartime. And the problem of sup- 
plies has been overcome. Most of 
them - food and fuel, for example - 
will be carried to .V/rusing the tested 
unmanned “Progress" supply ves- 
sels. These have operated with the 
Sa/yut stations for many years now. 

The unique flexibility of the Mil 
station is likely to be exploited i n more 
than jusl Earth orbit The Russians 
have always made it clear that they 
intend to send cosmonauts to both the 
Moon and Mars. A Mir station built 

up in lunar orbit could act as a 
permanent forward base for routine 
exploration of the Moon using two- 
man landing vehicles. Such a vehicle 
was being developed for the aban- 
doned Moon landing programme in 
the late 1960s, and h would be 
suiprising if this design is not now- 
being re-examined and improved. 

The Mir vehicle could also provide 
the heart ofa pair of two or three-man 
spaceships capable of making the two- 
and-a-hal f-year journey to Mara, going 
into orbit around the planet and 
putting two men on the surface. Mars 
has. been discussed by Russian engi- 
neers and cosmonauts for more than 
10 years, and at least half a dozen 
' leading Soviet experts have said they 
expea to see their cosmonauts there 
before the year 2.000. 

To get there, the Russians must 
make several developments. Fust, a 
new rocket launcher - even more 
powerful than the American Saturn 
moon rocket — will be needed to put 
the many parts of a Mars complex into 
orbit The Russians are known to have 
been developing such a booster for at 
least 20 years. Attempts to test early 
prototypes in the late 1960s led to 
disastrous explosions, but a new- 
model is thought to be in a late stage of 
development with test flights soon. 

Second the Russians will need a 
spa* tug to assemble a Mara vehicle 
in Earth orbit Such a vehicle has 
already been orbited and tested by the 

Finally, they are now believed to be 
developing a massive atomic rocket 
motor which would prove invaluable 
on a Mars trip. Fvingal modest power 
for long periods, such a motor would 
dramatically cut the weigfttof a Mare 
craft, once chemical rockets pushed the 
Mare vehicles away from Earth orbit 
Atomic motors are twice as efficient as 
even the liquid hydrogen and liquid 
oxygen motors of Nasa's space shuttle. 
The .Americans were developing 
atomic motors themselves 20 years 
ago, but the project was abandoned 
(^■nmNawspapvn Lad, 1988 

Conservationists will soon 
have a powerful electronic 
ally In their fight to defend 
the countryside. Within * few 
years they will be able to 
summon at the tonch of a 
computer key a comprehen- 
sive inventory of the United 
Kingdom's best wild places 
and their natural treasures. 

The Royal Society for Na- 
ture Conservation expea this 
data bank, now being assem- 
bled by the its county 
branches, to be consulted 
routinely by planning au- 
thorities and public bodies 
when any likely corner of the 
land is about to be smothered 
in concrete. No longer will 
developers be able to plead 
innocence of the rare Bowers, 
animals or birds on a site 
which they are about to 

**It would be an unwise 
decision maker, charged with 
any responsibility for nature 
conservation, who failed to 
consult organizations with 
such information at their 
finger tips**, says Dr 
Franklyn Perring. the 
RSNC* general secretary. 

The list could end the need 
for dramatic stop- the- bull- 
dozer interventions by envi- 
ronmentalists. Forewarned by 
the data bank at planning 
application stage, developers 
would court public displea- 
sure if they failed to accom- 
modate a rare species in their 

The computerized record 
could also end some of the 
breathless, and in conserva- 
tion terms doubtful, habitat 
rescue attempts. In 1984, for 
example, the Suffolk Trust 
rolled up 5.000sq yds of turf 
at Warren Heath. Ipswich, to 
save a colony of the rare silver 
studded- blue butterfly from a 
hypermarket site. The trust 
did not bear of the scheme in 
time to persuade the develop- 
ers to change their plans. 

The list will be 
unique in scope 

So for 23 of the 46 country 
nature trusts which make up 
the RSNC the only genuinely 
national organization inter- 
ested in all aspects of nature 
conservation, are equipped 
with the £5,000 Comart com- 
puters. The first task of the 
trusts is to record the 1,600 
reserves which they own or 
manage; as small as Deep 
Mill Pond, near Great 
Missenden id Buckingham- 
shire, and as big as Ben mo re 
Coigsch. 5.948 hectares of 
heather moorland in the Scot- 
tish Highlands. 

The trusts will also record 
the 800 reserves owned by the 
Nature Conservancy Council, 
the Royal Society for the 
Protection of Birds, the Wood- 
land Trust, National Trust 

and other local bodies, ajd 
5.000 sites of special scientific 
interest {SSSUL Equally 
the list will include sub sites - 
smaller areas interesting for 
wildlife but so far unprotected 
- and a farther category, 
protected roadside 

(PR's). M1 . . 

The counties will regularly 
post their floppy disks to a 
central point where the 
RSNCs master list will be 
updated. Within a few years 
the list will be complete and 
unique in Ks scope- While 
much of this site data already 
exists in written form, conser- 
vation groups do no* have the 
manpower to use it effectively. 
Even the partiy-computerized 
records of the RovernmemV 
own Nature Conservancy 
Coonril are confined to the 
SSSIs and 200 national nature 
reserves. . 

The software for (be nation- 
al ate recording scheme was 
written by Bernard Chandler, 
head of environmental studies 
at Hatfield Polytechnic, ami 
his srudeots. So for the 
scheme, including computer?, 
has cost about £ 100 , 000 . fund- 
ed with grants from BP and 
th e NCC 

Trusts are facing a 
daunting challenge 

The software enables trusts 
to record the essential details 
of each site: its status and 
ownership, area, its Impor- 
tance — for instance as a 
habitat for bats, reptiles or 

mammals — and its key indica- 
tor specks, sscb as horseshoe 
vetch on chalk downfonds. and 
greater spearwort on lowland 

Chandler’s te»m is modify- 
ing the software to allow the 
RSNC to monitor habitat 
changes more swiftly and m 
far greater detail. It will also 
enable the trusts to make 
comparative lists of such dif- 
ferent habitat types as ancient 
woodland and unimproved 

The existing software can- 
not take in every plant species 
in a site, but some mists are 
faring even this daunting chal- 
lenge. One of the biggest 
trusts, the Berkshire, Buck- 
inghamshire and Oxfordshire 
Naturalists Trust fBBONT). 
has nsed 20 MSC-funded 
botanists on a four-year survey 
of l30frpfom species in 8.000 
sites in the three comities, 
some as small as un plan ted 
corners of fields. 

The RSNCs th Franklyn 
Perring said (hat as well as 
warning developers of what 
they might destroy, trusts 
would also be able to tell 
fondowneis about the contents 
of sites suitable to be made 
into reserves 

“As the organization most 
concerned with small sites, it 
foils to us to have the most 
complete information of sites 
of any importance. It is impor- 
tant that people who own or 
influence the use of land 
should be aware of the nature 
it contains." 

Gareth Hnw Davies 

Ignoarj Nnmpapon LM. 1988 




The weekend starts here 

mps cricket fans 



Catering to all tastes 

It's a common delusion: you throw a few dinner 
parties, are profusely complimented by your 
friends, and conclude that you could make money 
from your culinary 1 skills. Why not open a 

restaurant? Bnt beware before yon choose 

the tablecloths for the bistro, read The Times 
guide to the pitfalls of catering to the hoi polloi. 
and take advice from the budding restaurateurs 
who bit off more than they coaid chew. 

Broadway Glacier 

baby country 

Neil Simon at A welcome 
the National in Iceland 


£22,000 to be won 

Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

3ear Newsagent, please deliver/save me a copy of The Times 


Television bosses 

drew a blank over 

coverage of the 

Caribbean tour, 

John Young writes 

Tfic picture in The Times 
yesierdaj of blood pouring 
from the face of Mike Gutting, 
the England batsman, after his . 
nose had been broken by a 
short ball from Malcolm Mar- 
shall. was not a preuy sight. It 
may have made many people 
wonder why they had not seen 
ihe incident on television, or 
indeed why no pictures of the 
England tour of the Caribbean 
have been on our screens at 

The answer is. as all too 
often in sport nowadays, a 
dispute about money. The 
West Indian Cricket Board of 
Control is demanding more 
for the television rights than 
either the BBC or the indepen- 
dent companies are prepared 
to pay. More than that, the 
board is even asking £500 a 
day for news coverage of each 
of” the five five-day Test 
matches and the four one-day 
internal ionals. 

Both the BBC and ITV 
object strongly to the principle 
of payment for access to news 
which they say should, in the 
interests of freedom of the 
media, be available to all. On 
T uesday they went so far as to 
issue a joint statement in 
winch they described the 
board’s demand as without 
precedent and unacceptable. 

it also said: “Lengthy dis- 
cussions have taken place with 
the WICBC and their repre- 
sentative. Mr Mike Watt 
during which both television 
news organizations have ex- 
plained their position: namely 
ihai news access to Test 
matches has never been the 

Bad break: the picture of Mike Gatting viewers never saw 

subject of payment in this 
country or elsewhere. and that 
should television companies, 
be required to pay for ihcir 
news coverage, their position 
as members of the press corps, 
who do not pay for coverage, 
becomes invidious". 

A point of principle con- 
cerning news coverage may be 
understandable; the absence 
of an arrangement for edited 
highlights or ball-by-ball cov- 
erage is another matter. Nego- 
tiations have, in fact, been 
taking place for several 
months, and 3fier the BBC 
had turned down the asking 
price of £500,000. which it 
considered exorbitant, an ap- 
proach was made to London 
Weekend Television to see if 
they would be interested in 
buying on behalf of the inde- 
pendent network. 

Once again the answer was 
no. but there was a suggestion 
that Channel 4 might be 
interested. This would ha>e 
been a new departure, since 
the BBC has traditionally 
virtually monopolized cricket 
coverage. Channel 4 has been 
showing increasing interest in 

sport, and its racing coverage 
in particular has attracted 
much favourable comment. 

But despite what has dearly 
been a long period of brink- 
manship. with the West Indies 
board evidently convinced up 
To the last minute that the 
British would come to heel, it 
now seems almost certain that 
there will be no compromise 
and no change of heart 

By comparison with the £1.3 
million which the BBC even- 
tually agreed to pay after a 
protracted dispute with the 
Football League for coverage 
of six live league matches, the 
Milk Cup semi-finals and 
final, and 1 4 recorded match- 
es. to many people the board's 
demand may not seem that 

Comparisons are difficult to ■ 
make, since both the BBC and 
the independent companies 
refuse to provide details, 
claiming that the contracts 
they reach with the various 
governing bodies of different 
sports are private and confi- 
dential. The BBC refuses to 
say. for example, what it pays 
the Test and County Cricket 

Board for home coverage or 
what it has in the past paid for 
pictures from Australian or 
New Zealand television. 

In many parts of the Carib- 
bean the technical standard of 
television still leaves a lot to 
be desired and it is unlikely 
that either the BBC or ITV 
would find it satisfactory to 
take pictures from a local 
station. This would mean that 
-in addition .ftj "meeting the 
Boaixl's" demand, they ' would 
have ip^sencftiieir own camera' 
team. Moreover, the smaller 
islands, such as .Antigua: 
where the Fifth Test is to be 
played, do not have satellite 

Beyond money and techni- 
cal problems, the time factor is 
such that the hours of play 
coincide with peak evening 
viewing hours and while 
cricket enthusiasts might re- 
gard the prospect of arriving 
home to watch five or six 
hours of uninterrupted cricket 
on a winter’s evening as 
'unalloyed bliss, the reality fs 
that none of the television 
companies, not even Channel 
4, is going to rearrange its 
schedules and drop pro- 
grammes with high audience 
ratings in order to accommo- 
date something which, painful 
as it is to admit, would not 
attract mass viewership. 

An LWT executive was 
quite open about it. “Quite 
frankly we have just not got 
the slots," he said. “Where on 
eanh would we put it?" 

The point about not dis- 
rupting early evening sched- 
ules may be a valid one. But 
there is surely a vast audience 
that would stay up to watch, 
say, half an hour of edited 
highlights late at nighL when 
highlights of domestic Test 
matches are normally shown 
dunng the summer for the 
benefit of those who have 
been unable to watch dunng 
the day. 



1 Snub (A) 

5 AwrrinplAl 

8 Education body 
ll.l.ll ' 

9 Injury (6) 

IU Modem (6) 

11 Fooi£ovmng{4) 

12 Mi-icy 18 ) 

14 4<nuic(M 

17 Wanderer (6) 

19 Scholaily person (81 
22 Road levy (4) 

24 rild sailor C3.3! 

25 Dwell in CM 

26 Alphabet il.I.I) 

27 AssauluA) 

28 Warder (61 

2 Soil {SI 

J Hawaiian goitar (7) 

4 Limp {71 
, 5 Slice tribal (S) 

A Wallicnytli) 

.-7 Siytai7)'.T. - 
I.VLowM) - 

15 Female beneficiary 


16 Spider's mesh (3) 

17 Oar. support (7) 

18 Tclrprompicf (7) 

■ 20 Nine-headed 
monster (5 1 
21 Royal (S| 

23 Decline (5) 

ACROSS. 8 Inland Revenue 9 Mi\ 10 Sugar beet II Scrub 13 Rivalrv 
16 Prowess lOLotio 22Nuinmcni 24 Imp 25 Mount of Oliv» K 
DOWN: I Litmus 2 Elixir 3 Unusable 4 Kniaer 5oSS ^tw.. 

12 ,f^A 4 15 R °' 16 ^^mai7 0uii, 8S ^S 

20 Thieve 21 Oppose 23 Iota 0,1 

Commissioner foe. Local Administration in Scotland 

Mr E l Gillett, Commissioner for Local Administration 
in Scotland, is to retire on 30 June 1986. In accordalS 
with section 21 ( 2 ) of the Local GovenSnem^ 

** 1 9 Z 5 ;- of State for SSSSU wK 

consultation with the Convention of Scottish Local Au- 


The Commissioner’s main task is to investiaato 
report on complaints of injustice in 
maladministration by local authorities of 

bodies. The ComSisS^TS^ ??S oth f 
The post is part-time (at present half-time? slrS,?' 
ated at the appropriate portion of a saianr n/pdoTSi 
to £ 42 . 000 . per. annum ind is pen^S n 
expected that only, a person witt is to 

ence of public administration 
appointed teve * will be 

Persons interested in being considered fnr „ 
wishing -to suggest a name or namesfa/ ^ 
should write in confidence by 

The Secretary. Scottish Development 

Mew Sl ssssssi 


W Issued by the Scottish Office 

alio f's 


! iMtndshi 
ricippcu soi: 

tJpjJt u® i'xSjd 



Inside I knew this day would come 
; . .it was strange, because in all my 
iniagmings I had never taken it to 
the very end. On the one hand, it 
was exciting, on the other it felt as 
n we had last met a few hours ago’ 

A vital Shcharansky 

A vital Shcharans ky 
is picking np the 
threads of her 
1 1-year marriage 
which began a gain 
last week when her 
husband Anatoly 
crossed to the West. 
Bel Mooney met the 
couple at home in 
their Jerusalem flat 

Avital Shc harans ky had had 
enough. A week of television 
crews invading the small flat-cum- 
office in the new suburb, people 
approaching her in the street with 
congratulations, and now the ago- 
ny of her wisdom tooth. “For 
years I have had no trouble with 
my teeth and now this comes the 
very week Anatoly is free. It must 
be, what is the word — 

Anatoly was taking the inter- 
views in his stride, hill of energy, 
jokes and such diversions as a 
demonstration of the morse ig 
be used in prison. Avital kept out 
of it, refusing to talk to people, 
carefully “minded” by a quiet 
man wearing the Orthodox skull- 
cap who kept at bay those who 
would pester her for interviews. In 
the i 1 years of campaigning for 
her husband Avital has been a 
public figure: “Now I want the 
world to forget about me. I need 
just to live the life of a normal 
woman at last”. 

She is clear what that means, 
asking how man ^children J have 
"“Two? That's good.” Tor that is 
what she wants now, at 35. before 
it is too late. “We now have to 
work out what is between Anatoly 
and myself. And we have great 
plans; most of all I hope — I hope 
— for children.” 

Much prettier than photographs 
suggest, despite the tight headscarf 
of the Orthodox married woman, 
Avital is also much gentler than I 
expected — preceded as she is by a 
tough reputation for not allowing 
personal 'questions and making 1 
political speeches instead. In foot, 
far from being irritated by con- i 

r slant speculation that she, infiu- 
_ raced by her friends in Gush 
" Emunim (the right wing natiional- 
_ ist-spiritua] movement that seeks 
to extend Jewish settlements), 
__ may have problems with her more 
secular husband, Avital laughs 
merrily. “We just make fun orall 
“ lhaL This morning Anatoly said to 
me: The whole world is con- 

- cerned with bow we are making 
out together, except us’. We are 

- not at all concerned. We laugh, full 
of good feelings towards one 

_ another. We shall work it all out.” 

1 sensed she did not want to be 
. drawn, but Anatoly himself was 
more forthcoming: “From my 
point of view there is no real 
’ difference between us. We have 
the same inspiration, but maybe 
there are different forms in which 
we express our views. Maybe 
when I have studied more we will 
become nearer in the form in 
which we express our religious 
feelings, but maybe not. What 
matters is the feelings themselves, 
not the form." 

For a second his habitual good 
humour shifts into exasperation, 
as he waves aside criticism that, 
for example, be has not been 
wearing the skullcap Avital placed 
on his head on his arrival “Today 
I read something in the Press 
which said I was in the hands of 
the religious Mafia. I ldl you those 
friends of Avital who have sacri- 
ficed years, helping-her, travelling 
with her, organizing this flat, are 
people of tact and delicacy. They 
do not try to push me into 
becoming more Orthodox, listen, 

I read a lie in the newspaper that 
on Saturday I was taken to a 
synagogue almost by force, when 
all day Avital and I were at home. 

It's a free Press, the freedom to 
write that they like.” In his long 
protest there is an underc ur rent of * 
real tension, and the Yam ulka is 1 
still absent from his heal 1 

Avital says that three things < 
kepi her going during foe 1 1-year £ 
separation: foe friends mentioned s 
by her husband, being in Israel I 
(“representing him here in the c 
country of which we both 

imaginings I had never taken it to 
the very end. On the one hand it 
was exciting, but on the other 
hand it frit as if we had but met 
only a few hours ago.” 

He fell the same, describing — 
most movingly — how through an 
foe red tape, talking to ambassa- 
dors and putting his foot for the 
first time on free soil be thought 
only of Avital. When at last the 
hellos changed to shaloms there 
was suddenly a closed door ahead 
of him: “And I went thro ugh , and 
there was Avital sitting there 
alone. I can't remember how 
many people I crossed to reach 
her, but there she was, and I 
turned back to 1972, and in fact 
she looked exactly the same. 
Exactly." His voice grew husky: “ I 
had imagined that moment many 
times when sleeping, but always 
just at the moment when I was 
approaching Avital I was awak- 
ened. But now you see, we are 
together one week, and still I am 
not awakened.” 

No physical change perhaps, but 
had they noticed other changes? 
Curious about this, Avital is 
seeking them: “I have studied him 

Anatoly shows 
awe at Ids 
wife’s strength 
of character 

dreamed”), and above all the 
thought of Anatoly in prison: “I 
could think of how well be was 
doing, how strong he was, and that 
gave me the push to continue”. 
Even though there were times 
when she was dose to despair, 
“inside I knew this day would 
come”. And then it was foe 
meeting at Frankfurt “It was 
strange, because in all my 

to see if he is foe same, and so far I 
think so. But we are not much 
alone now. I can imagine that as 
we develop our life together there 
will be moments when I think be 
is different I am interested to 
discover what he is deep inside 
him. 1 fed that there are now even 
more good things inside him that I 
can discover. After all we have 
gone through, we shall be able to 
sort out any problems we have in 
knowing ourselves. It will all work 
out foe right way.” 

It is dear that Anatoly 
Shcharansky is impressed by this 
woman be has met whom last he 
knew as a shy art student who had 
only recently discovered that she 
was a Jew, and was coming to 
terms with that. Now, in Israel 
she is an important figure in her 
own righL “When I find out more 
and more details about her cam- 
paign I am really surprised by this 
tremendous energy. And some 

political skill which I didn't 
suppose to find from her." 
Though be attempts light-hearted 
masculine jokiness of foe “I want 
my wife at home” variety, he 
shows sincere awe at his wife's 
strength of character “Although I 
can know only bits of what she has 
done for me, I can say that on the 
very first day of our acquaintance 
I knew that it would be so for foe 
rest of our life. So I was never in 
doubt that she would do her best 
for me. But to find her so efficient 

and so practical yes, that is a 


She brushes all praise aside, 
saying that she did only what any 
wife would have done for her 
husband. “To be a fighter and a 
public person, that is not me, and I 
didn't like it each time I had to 
force myself to talk to a big 
audience, to sit with Mrs Thatch- 
er. and so on. Now I have all this 
experience but I do not want it, I 
just want to be private. I will help 
Anatoly to do foe work be wants to 
do to help the Jews who are still in 
Russia, of course." Even though 
such campaigning may talw him 
away from her a great deal? She 
shrugs serenely: “I very much 
want my husband to be with me, 
but it is a great cause, an 
important cause for us. and so I 
will try to manage." 

You would expect Mrs 
Shcharansky to feel bitter, even in 
passing, at the thought of all the 
years that have been stolen from 
them, yet she rebukes the sugges- 
tion. “1 do not think tike that, not 
at alL I think that in foe future 
those days will come when we 
think that those years behind were 
very important for us. Each 
human being cannot go through 
life without trying to discover 
God’s purpose, and I believe that 
what happened to us did not 
happen by accident It isa proof to 
me that God exists. It is a miracle 

ay ' V'a-'-^a.; : a, 3 

^ t *** & v*:>. . - * - 

!V> : . ■ 

Portrait of happiness; Avital and Anatoly Shcharansky reunited after II years of separation 

me that God exists. It is a miracle 
that we have this after all our work 
and struggle and filth that Anatoly 
would one day be free. I am very 
grateful to God for foe miracle." 

Anatoly echoes her acceptance. 
“No, foe time was not stolen from 
us. The time is stolen if you do not 
know what you lived those years 
for. The time is stolen when you 
find out nothing about the world 
and about yourself The time is 
lost when it was of no help to those 
around you. But during that time I 
could lest myself and find out 
about myself and also Avital and 
l we lived a real life - real, with 
real deep feelings. And I dxscov- 

I ered that the most important 

* feeling is — let's not use big words 

5 — love itself. That's what all this 

means to me. So those years were 

* not lost. To start thinking: what if 
‘ Avital and I had lived those years 

' together in Israel? . . . It’s impos- 
1 srble. Such things were not meant 
1 to take place. Believe me when 1 
say it simply, those long years 
apart were worth living, truly. It 
was a hard period of life, but also 
responsible and . . . impressive 
for us both." 

Avital is amazed by all foe 
speculation about how they would 
cope with their reunion, simply 
because she never felt they were 
out of touch. Both are deligh ted by 
foe suggestion that there is such a 
thing as spiritual contact. A vital's 
fece tights up. “Yes. we were, very 
much so. In the heart, you 
understand? So dose all the time. 

It is nice now when Anatoly tells 
me that at a certain moment he 
was thinking something, and I say, 
yes, at that moment I was thi nking 
it too. Things that are unique. So 
we always connected with each 
other in that way.” Asked the 
same question, quite separately, 
Anatoly responded in foe same 
win. “Earlier this year I was on 
hunger strike and in foe punish- 
ment ceU and suddenly they 
brought me a postcard from 
Avital, which was a great shock to 
me because it was so unexpected. 
They often did not let her letters 
through though she wrote to me 
twice a week. On the card was a 
picture of the Wailing Wall in 
Jerusalem, and old men by it with 
foe rams' boros they use to make 
signals at certain festivals. And she 
had written: Through which horn 
shall I blow for you to hear me? 1 
And truly, I did hear her, there in 
the punishment cell. It was such a . 

deep striking moment for me." 

AJone. they talk in Hebrew, 
though he is rusty, necessitating 
Russian too, although that lan- 
guage will be abandoned in time. 
She laughed: “Sometimes, during 
this crowded week, he has even 
spoken to me in English." Avital 
never thinks of Russia: that part of 
her is buried, gone. She tells the 
story of the famous writer who. 
asked where he was born, replied 

Throughout the 
separation, they 
never felt 
out of touch 

Mothers with energy to spare 

that he had been bom in Israel 
2,000 years ago. but found himself 
in Russia, in the Diaspora, by 
accident. That is how I feel. This is 
my home, we now have to 
assimilate Anatoly." 

I had a sense that her conviction 
stems from the fact that her 
parents had hidden her Jewishness 
from her brother and herself, and 
when (in very late teens) she knew 
foe troth, “I became at peace with 
myself, and thought of Israel". For 
Anatoly it is a little different: he 
did not experience such a late 
revelation, and seems far more an 
inhabitant of foe larger world than 
his wife. He says he knows that 
there is much to understand in 
Israeli politics, and that be has 
much to learn about Judaism, and 
is also aware of foe dangers of 
becoming a propaganda symbol 
for the Russians, and to a lesser 
extent, foe Americans."! will learn 

“"[Women breast- 
wB [feeding their ba- 
rn jbies need not eat 

■ / (to compensate 

W l * .[completely for 

■ FW^Uhe energy used 

R — i lup by foe milk — 

their bodies will do it for 
them. The discovery has been 
made by a group of obstetri- 



toms of poor control develop 
only when the sugar level is far 
too high, causing blurred ri- 

uiauc uy a group or oosicm- 7: . ® p ‘'““•’•p* y rt- 

rians and scientists in Dundee aru * excessive thirst, or too 

and published in foe current '* W| . triggering trembling, 
issue of foe British Medical sweating and hangover-type 
Journal. The researchers stud- headaches. But the diabetes 
ied a dozen lactating women, ma ^ *“• not be under control, 
seven women bottle-feeding even w hen there are no symp- 
their babies, and a further toms. 

seven without babies. 

It is commonly accepted 
that breast-feeding women 
need to increase their food 
intake by 500 kcal a day, about 

In this month’s issue of 
Balance, the magazine of the 
British Diabetic Association, 
Dr Peter Wise, of Charing 
Cross Hospital west London. 

mothers in terms of feeline 
dose to foe baby, wanting to 
protect it and befog concerned 
for its well-being. 

Men frequently had dreams 
abort foe fbetas, and foe 
fome cfalld often prcoccnpied 
their thoughts. 

As with foe women the 
feelings of attachment grew 
putiariarfy when the foetus 
started to kick, although 
thronghent foe pregnancy men 
were orach more convinced 
that the baby was “reafly 

Twice bitten. . 
bats and rabies 

“liter in Finland 
and Switzerland 
are to be 
screened for ra-\ 
ties virus after a , 
30-year-old man 
l who had been 

bitten by bats in both countries 
died of the disease. The case 
reported in the Lancet is the 
first linked to bats in Europe. 

raiaiceoy juu xcai a aay, aooui uwram, wm uahor, a. t — . ^ - . 

25 per cent above normal. Any explains why diabetics should 

shortfall between that and the not wait for these severe svmo- * reiatioa- 

shortfail between that and the not wait for these severe symp- 
amount of energy used in milk 'tamr to develop. Regular, daily v. - . 

production will be made up checking of the urine is all exuectant hthpre 
from fit stored during preg- important. If any cf the symp- tar.? mmim-*. to expec- 
tancy. toms do occur then the testing ^ ** 

Two sets of experiments on should be increased to every . t» sprt when this 

foe Dundee women suggest fi”* hours, and if the sugar “ 1 “SL 1 * 
that breast-feeding women ex- level remains positive, a doctor w P»wctlngwludi part- 

3 3 The man died at Helsinki 

... . University Hospital last Octo- 

„ Wri ting in foe Journal of her. He had been bitten in 
Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Switzerland by a bat a year 
Gynaecology, Dr Condon says before he developed any symp- 
“rt Btenrad women reacted to toms of rabies and had been 
foe foetus with striking simi- bitten again in Finland. 

iv be iast us m-Wto tfie y MWB/ 10 find out more 

icfortfiSersas^Sie^ ^ 

■r mnthp» whether rabies vaccines 

that breast-feeding women ex- few remains positive, a doctor 

pend energy much more effi- should be con tac t e d immedi- 

ciently than either of foe other tody. 

two groups. They seem able to _ 

conserve their own energy and A fathers C3Te for 

S'pSd“ ^ own the unborn child 

This idea is borne out by fe - 

surveys in a number of Third .? ^ ae ™ I b 

Work! countries: despite poor 
diets, women there are still ||ij[ 
able to nourish healthy babies moma- m- 

for foe first year of life. t // 

The cause of ibis change in WrnHB _ 1 ” 
efficiency remains a mystery, 
although it may explain one 
common observation. Some ‘ 

breast-feeding women simply ZSSSfSSZZ +Ei 
cannot lose weight They com- 1^!! 
plain of being hungry, but it 

Dr Jobs Condon, from Bed- 
fetd Auk, Australia, asked 
both partners of .54 cooptes 
expecting foefr first child to 
complete a questionnaire on 
their feefins towards foe 

way of predicting which part- 
ner may bare difficulty once 
the baby is bora. 

•ainst the disease when 
yy bats. 

Olivia Timbs and 
Lorraine Fraser 

^ Since fashion be- 
B came obsessed with 
foe casual — all knit- 
wF ted caffs and 
gum boots — you'd think there 
was no place left in a woman's 
wardrobe for the smart saiL. 
Yon'd be wrong. It comes to 
life once a year for foe 
awsome ritual of the Parents' 
Evening. Its tweedy, old- 
fashioned comfort is a re- 
markable aid to the 
confidence needed to face foe 
catalogue of character bolts 
which would be hilarious if 
yon knew they belonged to 
another child. 

I rush into foe main hall 
late, alone. My has band man- 
ages to be abroad at such 
times. The parents of the 
nervous and dithering dutch 
sheaves of notes and have 
badly-bitten nails. The father 
of the bt boy who was nearly 
asked to leave for disruptive 
behaviour has come fresh 
from the school fends com- 

The Oxbridge-educated 
parents of foe small handful 
of star pupils glide around 
quietly. During interviews 
they nod economically; no 
need for ingratiating smiles 

My shocking 
school rapport 

Regular checks to 
control diabetes 

Keeping the sug- 
ar level in the 
body constant is 
the key to con: 
trolled diabetes 
and the best 


Vivien Tomlinson 

I have forgotten the school 
report which tells me which 
teachers to see. It has already 
caused anguish at home with 
such comments as: “frivolous, 
inattentive and lazy”, “hope- 
lessly disorganized 
approach” and “must learn to 
control his sense of ham our”. 

It would be an even more 
incriminating document to 
bring along since tbe 
headmaster’s final copper- 
plated summary has been 
whited over with correction 
fluid and a nearly passable 
forger; screams: “This is a 
brilliant pupil". 

After receiving universally 
dismal news from maths, 
physics, chemistry, geogra- 

phy and Latin, I make for tbe 
library. Someone has told me 
that this is tbe English queue. 
We move slowly towards our 
target - an Irish deric 
dressed in Mack, glum-faced 
and thin-lipped from aeons of 
pumping Eng. Lit. into un- 
willing heads. Thirty-five 
minutes pass before he raises 
one eyebrow and I take my 
place across his desk. 

He tells me all the expected 
things: that my son is a very 
bad influence on his class, hay 
no aptitude for work and is on 
course to fail spectacularly. 

“I have another thing to tell 
yon", be whispers darkly in a 
thick. Cork brogue. “I believe 
be might be watching unsuit- 
able videos in his spare time.” 
So that's what he's been 
doing when he says he's 
nipping down to the corner 
cafe, I reflect. 

Just then a remarkable 
thing happens. He refers to 

and study, and then I will see 
influence 1 can have.” h 
As for Russia, he has no ds 
to deny that pari of his- Jify 
Avital seems to do: “The gra - 
iny father is in Russia, ancs 
mother lives there, so, of ctr 
my roots are still there. I thi7 
would be a kind of beirayd 
yourself to cut yourself off an- 
that your previous life it* 
nothing. We Jews CQmin; 
Israel, we must save our ex 
ence of living in the Diaspo 
gain a better understands 
world problems." And of • 
oppressed peoples? “I have f 
myself able to express mysui 
for people of other national 
religious identifications." - 
Avital is glad that he left 
nothing but the book of p} 
she gave him years ago. the 
they would not allow him to 
with him into the punishmen 
but which has come to have a 
sy mbolic value for him. It wt 
who told him always to lo> 
psalm 27 for comfort, an 
would sing iz out of key wh 
his cell, deciding that if- o 
guard could hear he might a : 
be punished too. There wa: 
verse of consolation for the 
branded as a spy: “Deliver m 
over unto the will of 
enemies, for false witnesse 
risen against me." 

Now. Avital savs. whe 
Anatoly leaves the flat even 1 
short while he asks: "Wher 
my psalms? I must take.'tf : 
.And he will have them with b 1 
foe secret holiday destinatior ( 

arrived at yesterday. For- hi 11 

Avital is taking one thing ■ r 
sketchbook, hoping at last t< 
lime for the pursuit she en y 
most of all all those years £ .e 

©Timea Newspaper* up, tan j| 

my son by tbe wrong C 
tun name. Are we not ts e 

about foe same dreadfti n 

then? My mind goes e 

with fear. The rev 
brother looks worried, r 0 

more papers and trace a 

pen down a list of name n 

bearing becomes bad); 
e paired with snpressed-i - 

* ria. -i 

“Is there incest is 
family?" , I hear him 
“Good heavens. I should 
Ml". I reply. Is be mad 

“WelL if there isn't a 
in the family — this one 
one in the sixth form — 
we are talking a bom 
wrong boy” says foe 
man rising and shaldii 
hand. T most say”, he a 
the blarney snr&dog, 
couldn't understand jus 
such a bad popil could 
such a nice mother”. 

During foe rest o 
evening I became even 
disorganized. I was in 
tive and lazy when it ca 
moving along tbe tine - 
had one hell of a job 
controlling my sense I 
of hnmonr. Next time 
I most try harder. 


po(itiaans.S^- Y 
^ socks up>w° rds - 

\>rMrsR°™ b0 

cocktail dresses. 

has of 

trolled diabetes He fend Hut expectant 
and the best fathers were less likely to 
chance a sufferer outwardly admit their feelings. 
/ staying wed Part of the Bat they were just as j 

'em is that most symp-- to the foetm as foe expectant | 


W ONI* & 

I '• 


till nu n M 

.| u guilty, yonr honour ... see 
a li yon later, ducks' 

Sw takeaway 

■igs another publishing take- 
•in Macmillan is to announce 
: fourchase of Lord Fone's 
'Iobing empire. Sidgwick and 
ienn. Yesterday Nicholas 
'AShaw. managing director of 
ntillan. told me: “Lord Forte 
. ibncemed that Sidgwick was 
ihnuch alone in Trust House 
and was keen to see them 
Q^sed by someone who would 
ve their independence. The 
ations, however, have still , 
completed.” He added that : 
he Sidgwick list and staff 
— unaffected by the takeover. 

I day a source lamented the 
er **As an author. 1 cannot 
Tgwick competing with Mac- 
for a book.” Sidgwick. 
recently closed its erudite 
: fl Time and Tide ; boast 
recent publications a biog- 
; pf Richard Burton, and The 
W family album. 


Mtion: why has the Minor 
^ousiy reintroduced the 
nto its masthead, having 

d it a year ago? Answer. I 

mow . . . and neither yes- 

< did Robert Maxwell, 
H’s press office. Maxwell's 
* Surely Mr Maxwell hasn't 
\ of ideas for naming the 
_ a per due to roll off his 
■ r w presses next week? 


ton vote 

k Hatton finally losing grip 
couse power base? After an 
{meeting last month was 
j valid because of member- 
|egu lari ties, his local ward, 
til, finally met again this 
It was hardly a case, 
r, of Hatton sweeping back 
er. in the vole for ward 
mship he scraped home by 
ite; his nomination for 
ur of Broad Green conslit* 

ucc ceded by just two: and 

soting for six delegates from 
_rd to the constituency, 
ended up humiliatingjy 
squaL Not that we need 
,.e results as final: fresh 
'ms. I am told, are flying 
pf meeting's composition. 


this Sunday steamroller 

Alastair Brett 


J -trong man 

0 — ichael “Tarzan” Heseliine is 

— tly nicknamed. At a drinks 
—n’y in his London flat some 

; ire ago, 1 am told his alsatian berserk and "Taran" val- 

1 4ily put himself between the 

r Tn paging dog and his terrified 

L - ’sis. As the brute snarled and 

l^d lo climb the ualls. he ushered 
guests to safety outside. 
Fowling to guests. Heseltine 
-rimed and tned to subdue the 

— fc: in the struggle. I understand, 

t -jeltine was forced to kill it with 

— ] own bare hands. At the lime 
— guests agreed to keep quiet 

alii the incident lest it be 

r _5imerpeted. However, recent, 

r flours has prompted one to 

J!ak ouu “Everyone thought 
j^hael's action was extremely 
- Cnve and courageous. It was all 
inc ro* distressing." Yesterday Hes- 

,0S * ui 1c refused 10 elaborate on the 

, ' rf dent. “What a ridiculous 

mr -e^iry " he said. “I had the 

'iLuan -0 years ago. I cannot see 
^ of anv possible interest to 

K ^ I ° ne “ ^ , 

ll at ke father . . . 

Dc O'hematics prodigy Ruth Law- 

Du vx e h as leapt to John Carlisle's 

•r nee. The J4-> ear-old Oxford 
tin ^si-rgrad proposed an emergency 

Nk e | on i n Hugh’s junior com- 

pol room condemning the "aca- 

the M'ic hooligans” who prevented 

Eu I'o^sle from addressing Oriel 

e\\ *(day Club. Sadly, her motion 

eni : Wost by more than 40 votes to 

of «» Nor did the performance of 

I f or fs father. Harry, whispering 

pie TShpts to her and shaking his 

Mt at furiously at contrary argu- 

thc impress JCR president Sue 

Hi: uins. She tells me moves are 

Be» *e ; considered to exclude Law- 

Ce tUj Senior from future meet- 

ear 30 -j ust another example of 

cot » a . nl intolerance ” he told me. 

crc Tf 

wh ^vad Carlisle been able to speak, 

wa eh»nld have appeared in Oriel's 

or annex, named after a man 
- (iti. denied freedom of speech: 

“ci in>n Mandela. 

ha- m 


cm *in 

prt bn 

Ob jv: '^r 

hlc *isj F* >: 

Among ihc government's many prob- 
lems the Sunday Trading Bill, which 
proposes to remove all restrictions on 
shop hours, may appear relatively 
minor. It could lead, however, to a 
backbenchers’ revolt fiercer than those 
over Austin Rover and payments to the 
"illegal" EEC budget Possibly 100 Tory 
MPs will abstain or vote 3gainsi it 
Unlike the recent “one night" revolts, it 
could continue throughout the bill’s 
long deliberations until July, when royal 
assent is likely. 

1 cannot think of anything more 
damaging to party morale than to be 
forced to table a "guillotine" motion to 
curb the debates in committee on an 
issue where MPs are well aware of a* 
deep-rooted and substantial unhappi- 
ness in constituencies. 

It is all too easy to interpret a flood of 
letters from constituents and packed 
meetings in local churches as an upsurge 
of popular feeling when similar cam- 
paigns in the past — notably opposition 
to the proposed abolition of resale price 
maintenance, now seen to be a good 
thing — faded away after the reform was 
put into effect. But the Sunday trading 
proposals seem to have sparked off a 
genuine and fundamental wave of 
concern, particularly unwelcome when 
the government is going through a bad 

It is not just the so-called “religious” 
minority who are concerned about what 
they see as a fundamental change to our 
style of life; it is also clear th3t small 

by Teddy Taylor 

shopkeepers believe that legalized Sun- 
day trading will force them, against their 
will, to open on Sundays to maintain 
their market share. 

Is there an escape route for the 
Government from this damaging 
confrontation? The most obvious would 
be lo drop the bill, but it would be diffi- 
cult, if not impossible, for any govern- 
ment to abandon a major piece of its 
legislative programme without losing 

Allow a free vote? That is the most 
commonly argued alternative, but in 
that event many supporters of Sunday 
trading, heeding objections by constit- 
uents, would find other pressing engage- 
ments on the night and the opponents 
would flood the lobby to wreck the bill. 

Limit the size of shops permitted to 
open or the number of employees 
permitted to serve the public? Any such 
plan would be a nightmare for trading 
standards officers and would produce 
more anomalies than at present. 

My own view, as an opponent of the 
wholesale removal of shop hour restric- 
tions. is that every district council 
should be given the right to determine 
its own shopping hours. The Auld 
Report, which was the basis of the new 
legislation, did say that “shopping 
seems to us to be one area where a 
reasonable case might be made for local 
discretion." In fairness, having made 
that point, the report argued that the 

wholesale removal of restrictions would 
be preferable to local variations, but the 
inquiry team certainly did not throw out 
“local option”, as some have suggested. 

The local option would ensure that 
local people, whether shopkeepers or 
shoppers, could have the final say in the 
pattern of shopping. Councils could 
hold referenda for guidance.This would 
also acknowledge that opinions vary 
throughout the country. I am sure that 
some London boroughs would opt for 
unrestricted trading — and equally that 
in towns like Cambridge, where Sunday 
is a day of peace and quiet, restrictions 
would continue. 

It will be argued that such variations 
will prodcuce administrative problems 
and market distortions. Although open 
shops in one area might deprive 
shopkeepers in neighbouring “closed" 
areas of business, it would be a matter 
for the traders concerned to persuade 
their local councils and residents to 
change the policy. Likewise, the “ 9 pen" 
towns might argue for the restoration of 
the Sunday peace of their neighbours. 

No solution is ideal. But it seems to 
me that the quiet of our Sundays is a 
treasure which local communities 
should have the right to preserve if they 
wish. Apart from this issue of principle, 
the local option plan would help the 
government over a political minefield of 
its own creation by restoring to local 
councils a little of the power which has 
been removed from them. 

The author is Conservative MP for Southend 


Next week's 27ih Congress of ihe 
Soviet Communist Parly is con- 
fidently expected to he one of the 
most significant in its chequered 
history.'The five-yearly gathering, 
the high point of the Soviet 
political calendar, will give 
Mikhail Gorbachov an opportu- 
nity to consolidate his power. 

Attended by some 5,000 dele- 
gates from the 15 Soviet republics, 
the gathering is dedicated lo 
transforming the life of a nation 
where a combination of corrup- 
tion. inefficiency, technological 
backwardness and bureaucratic 
indolence have threatened to 
make a mockery of Soviet claims 
to offer a superior alternative to 

Coming less than three weeks 
before the first anniversary of 
Gorbachov's takeover in the 
Kremlin. the Congress will also 
provide both East and West with 
an opportunity to assess his 
achievements at a moment re- 
garded as a watershed in the 
history of the communist st3te. 
Although there is no denying the 
new mood inside the’ Soviet 
Union, where unprecedented 
openness is being encouraged, 
daunting problems still face 
Gorbachov if he is even, lo 
approach achieving his goals. 

The most urgent problem ts the 
flagging economy. There are seri- 
ous doubts that improvements of 
the order sought by the Kremlin 
can be reached without structural 
alterations to the centralized sys- 
tem. something Gorbachov has so 
far shown little inclination to 
explore. "At present. Lhere is no 
sign of him doing a Hungary or a 
China." one expert explained. "He 
is still determined to try and make 
the existing model work as it is.” 
Among the key questions to be 
answered is how the state will cope 
with the problem of redundancy, 
how pressing Soviet consumer 
needs will be met and how the 
technology gap with the West can 
be bridged. 

His most ambitious reform to 
date has been the brave ainempi 
to cut back on alcoholism. This is 
rapidly reaching epidemic propor- 
tions. threatening not only indus- 
trial output 3nd Tamil v life but also 
the overall health of the nation. 
Because of the long tradition of 
heavy drinking in Russia, re- 
inforced by the bitter climate and 
less tangible national character, 
there has been scepticism among 
even Gorbachov's strongest 
supporters about his chances of 
success. There was also the risk 
that the unpopularity of the move 
- which earned him the nickname 
“lemonade Joe” — might provoke 
widespread resentment. 

.As the 2.000 journalists accred- 
ited to cover the Congress will 
quickly discover if they attempt to 
order alcohol in the special press 
centre, the anti-drink drive is 
continuing, although its results 
have been patchy. “Facts show 

Christopher Waiker previews next week’s 
Soviet Communist Party congress 

chance to mould 
a new Russia 

Gorbachov: pressing problems 
to be tackled 

Tikhonov: one of the 
ousted old guard 

Soviet military might — soaking op 

that in many regions, the anti- 
alcohol campaign is weak.” the 
government daily Izvestia re- 
ported last month. 

Much more effective have been 
Gorbachov's unremitting efforts 
to weed out the nepotism, corrup- 
tion and other vices which had 
flourished under his elderly and 
infirm predecessors. At the last 
count, he had succeeded in remov- 
ing 46 out of a total ofl 57 regional 
party bosses, compared with only 
15 who lost their posts during 
Konstantin Chernenko’s leader- 
ship. In addition, almost half the 
Sfrodd ministries and major slate 
committees are now under new 

Closer to the seat of power. 
Gorbachov quickly engineered the 
firing of his main politburo rival. 

resources badly needed elsewhere 

Grigory Romanov ; encouraged 
the retirement of the octogenarian 
prime minister, Nikolai Tik- 
honov. and ensured the appoint- 
ment of three loyal supporters to 
the politburo. In the 14 non- 
Russian republ cs, dozens of se- 
nior figures have been 
unceremoniously sacked, and the 
party chief has been changed in 

Close attention will be paid to 
the composition of the politburo 
to be elected at the finale of the 
Congress, and which is expected to 
reflect Gorbachov's tightening 
grip. The speed with which Gor- 
bachov can continue to streamline 
the creaking administration will 
depend in part on bow far the 
party's internal rules are amended 
during the Congress. 

Kremlin-watchers are paying 
attention to two particular moves, 
widely publicized in the official 
press. One would make the 
1 8.000.000 party members subject 
directly to the Soviet judicial 
process, rather than - as is now 
the practice — having the charges 
judged first by a closed party 
meeting. The other, introduced 
under Khrushchev, and dropped 
by Brezhnev, would impose strict 
limits on the length of lime for 
which party officials could hold 
their positions. 

The extent to which these two 
sensitive issues have been aired 
recently has led some officials to 
believe that Gorbachov is prepar- 
ing to take on die entrenched and 
privileged middle ranks of the 
party, but many western observers 
aigue that the final version of the 
amended rules will avoid such 
radical measures. 

.Despite the sew spirit of open- 
ness and self-criticism which 
Gorbachov has encouraged in the 
Soviet media, serious doubts re- 
main about the extent to which he 
will be prepared at this stage to 
alienate the nomenklatura, the 
thousands of middle-ranking of- 
ficials on whom he must largely 
depend to carry through his 
proposed economic reforms. • 
Doubts also hang over his 
' foreign policy programme. During 
his hectic first 1 1 months. 
Gorbachov has chosen to devote 
more attention than expected to 
foreign affairs - dearly dem- 
onstrating the need to divert 
raueb-needed resources away 
from the giant defence establish- 
ment His growing impatience to 
secure an answer from the White 
House to his January 15 disarma- 
ment plan is believed to reflect a 
desire to reassure hawks in the 
Soviet military that the Kremlin 
has not been showing weakness. 

With spectacular trips to India 
and Italy planned for Later in the 
year, and a second summit with 
President Reagan - widely seen as 
threatening many more potential 
pitfalls for the Soviet leader than 
the first — Gorbachov will have , 
ample opportunity to demonstrate , 
his proven flair for international 
public relations. At home, how- 
ever, he must convince doublers 
that be will succeed in securing the 
concessions demanded on the key 
issue of “star wars”. 

With this in mind, senior 
diplomats have not been surprised 
by the harsh line he has adopted in 
the tit-for-tat expulsions of Brit- 
ish, French and Italian repre- 
sentatives from the Soviet capital. 
Few doubt that the 27th Party 
Congress will provide onlookers 
and participants alike with numer- 
ous reminders of the shrewd 
assessment made by the former 
veteran foreign minister, Andrei 
Gromyko , in March, 1985. 
“Mikhail Sergeyevich has a nice 
smile”, he tola the assembled 
members of the politburo, “but he 
also has iron teeth.” 

Greek choice: bases or bankruptcy 


Economic troubles at home and a 
gnawing concern about the Greek- 
Turkish military balance are forc- 
ing Andreas Papandreou. Greece's 
socialist prime minister, to mm to 
the Americans tor help. Wash- 
ington's price is an irrevocable 
commitment, not just a whispered 
promise, that the American bases 
in Greece will remain well into the 
next decade. Papandreou. twice 
elected on a platform vowing to 
remove all foreign bases, now 
seems prepared to pay this price. 
Can he afford it politically? 

Already his domestic credibility 
has been eroded by the monetarist 
remedies he has applied to an 
economy crippled by runaway 
public deficits and total stagna- 
tion. Far from restoring business 
confidence, the austerity pro- 
gramme h3s alienated the left- 
wing trade unionists, who are now 
ganging up with the communists 
to fight the wage freeze. 

Municipal eleciions in October 
could prove a strenuous popular- 
ity lest for the Socialists. 
Papandreou would prefer to delay 
a pledge to the Americans until he 
is over that hurdle, but Wash- 
ington wants to know soon 
whether it should modernize the 
bases or prepare to transfer them 
elsewhere: Turkey, perhaps, or 
Italy. George Shulu. the Secretary 

of State, will visit Athens next 
month to demand an answer. 

For years Papandreou offset the 
political cost of his occasional U- 
tums with bouts of anti-Ameri- 
canism which kept his left happy 
and hopeful. Then the Americans 
realized that the cumulative effect 
of this regular dose of poison on 
the Greek psyche was even more 
pernicious than the consequences 
of Papandieou's non-con form ism. 
Now the Americans hold the 
strings thaL could spare Greece a 
bankruptcy, a national security 
hazard in the Aegean, or both. 

Having muted his anti-Ameri- 
canism. Papandreou tries to up- 
hold his image by subtler forms of 
double talk. One is to lavish praise 
on the Soviet Union for its 
untiring efforts for world peace, 
without uttering a single word of 
censure (or praise) for the US. 
Another is to reassure western 
visitors privately of Greece's full 
co-operation, for instance, in 
combating terrorism, especially 
the Libyan strain, then come out 
publicly and commend Greece's 
friendship with Colonel Gadaffi. 

It was fascinating to watch the 
downgrading of the recent visit [<> 
Athens by John Whitehead, a US 
deputy secretary of state. First 
Papandreou feigned reluctance to 
meet him. then ga^e simultaneous 
red carpet treatment to deputy 
foreign ministers from Moscow 

and Libya, with state television 
lingering on the prolonged and 
cordial handshake between Soviet 
and Greek ministers. 

Greece is now co-operating 
closely and eagerly with the West 
in all forms of counter-terrorism, 
but Papandreou will readily pro- 
claim that he fervently supports all 
national liberation struggles and 
his foreign minister will describe 
as a “poor hoy” the terrorist who 
survived the Rome airport massa- 
cre in which, among others, four 
Greeks died 

Whether these contradictions 
can still reassure the Greek left 
remains to be seen. But they 
certainly confuse Greece’s western 
allies. The LIS has therefore played 
it safe by sending to Athens 
messages of two distinct options: 

• Rozanne Ridgway, Assistant 
Secretary of State for European 
affairs, flew lo Alhens (signifi- 
cantly via art American base) to 
dangle before Papandreou the 
benefits of agreeing to an Ameri- 
can military' presence beyond 
f 9S8. when the current agreement 
expires. She discussed joint indus- 
trial investment, easier bank 
loans, preservation of the military 
equilibrium in the Aegean and, in 
that context, ending the delays in 
US warplane sales to Greece. 

® At the same lime. Richard 
Pcrle. the Assistant Defence Sec- 

retary, told a Greek interviewer 
that if Papandreou terminated the 
agreement, there was no guarantee 
that other bilateral agreements, 
especially those that served Greek 
interests, would be renewed once 
they lapsed. It was a clear warning 
that if the bases go. Greece should 
expect little support from Wash- 
ington. “This would bring about a 
fundamental . change in our 
relationship.” he said 

The US is clearly softening up 
the terrain for the three-day Shultz 
visit it begins on March 25, Greek 
Independence Day. The sym- 
bolism is not lost on Papandreou's 
left-wing critics, who point out 
that any concession to the Ameri- 
cans would make his slogans 
about national independence 
sound hollow. 

When the US-Greek bases 
agreement was signed in 1983. 
banners were strung across Greek 
avenues and highways proclaim- 
ing: “The bases are leaving. Our 
struggle is vindicated”. Western 
diplomats in Athens seem con- 
fident that if Papandreou even- 
tually gives in. his talent for 
persuasion will not fail him. “He 
will find,” one of them said, 
“some elegant way of convincing 
the people that this is one more 
step towards emancipating Greece 
from western tutelage.” 

Mario Modiano 

Libel lottery due 

for reform 

What do Cecil Parkinson, Bovril 
Lord Forte and Trevor Nunn have 
in common? AD were winners in 
the growth industry of 1985 — ■ 
High Court libel actions. Parkin- 
son and his secretary* Mi? Angela 
Mathew, obtained ait injunction, 
apologies and damages from Pri- 
vate Eye for innuendos about their 
relationship; Bovril won un- 
disclosed damages over an allega- 
tion in a book, The Food Scandal, 
that its paste contained sugar; 
Lord Forte won damages and 30 
apology for the suggestion that he 
had been rude to the former 
manager of the Grosvenor House 
Hotel; and Trevor Nunn won an 
apology -and substantial damages 
along with the actress Sharon Lee 
Hill for the suggestion that she had 
obtained leading roles in Cats and 
Blonde t because of her relation- 
ship with Nunn. 

Indeed, last year was remark- 
able for its expensive, glittering 
and sometimes faintly comical 
actions. The longest-, most expen- 
sive and most complicated was Dr 
Sidney Gee v Esther Rantzen and 
the BBC over a That's Life 
programme. On the 87th day of a 
hearing dogged by illness — at one 
time or another the judge was ilL a 
juryman was ill. the tuber had a 
fit, the BBC solicitor -arrived on 
crutches and one QC in a wheel 
chair — the BBC finally cracked 
and agreed to pay Dr Gee, a 
Harley Street specialist, £75.000 in 
damages and estimated costs of 
over £1 million — a record. 

If the Gee case was the most 
expensive, what became known as 
the “Big Bum” action was the 
most extraordinary. In an un- 
expectedly generous moment, a 
jury awarded the actress Charlotte 
Cornwell £10.000 damages be- 
cause it considered tbat Nina 
Myskow, m her “Wally of the 
Week.” column in the Sunday 
People , had unfairly accused her of 
“not being able to sing”, having 
“too big a bum” and lacking stage 

If the BBC felt sbefl-seftocked, 
Fleet Street critics began to feel 
distinctly jittery post-CornweJL 
Moreover, the quaint habit of 
allowing libel juries to decide the 
level of damages — rather like 
inviting them, rather than the 
judge, to pass sentence in a 
criminal trial — was again called 
into question. 

Across the Atlantic, while Gen- 
eral Westmoreland was battling it 
out with CBS in a $120 million 
libel claim over his handling of the 
Vietnam war, the former Israeli 
defence minister, Arid Sharon, 
rolled into another New York 
court with a $50 million claim 
against Time magazine. 

Bui the idiosyncracies of Ameri- 
can libel laws were against him. 
While he was able to prove that 
what the magazine had said about 
him in relation to the massacre of 
PLO refugees in 1982 was untrue 
and defamatory, he foiled to win a 
single cent in damages. 

Had Sharon been able to bring 
bis claim in a British court there is 
little doubt that he would have 
been laughing all the way to the 
bank {he has since been successful 
in an Israeli court), but Ameri- 
cans, as in most things, are 

different from tire British. Instead 
of seeing the press and television 
as the purveyors of half-truths or 
downright lies, they look on their 
papers as the custodians ot free 
speech and the uncovered of 
iniquity, as ra the Watergate 
scandal. The net result is that the 
dice are heavily loaded in fevour 
of the press in libel actions 
involving matters of general pub- 
lic interest. 

Sharon, therefore, like other 
public figures in the US. had an 
uphill struggle from the outset 
Nor only had he to prove he was. 
innocent of the charges made, but 
also that Time bad knowingly or 
recklessly lied. 

In Britain, it is the newspaper or 
television company which must 
prove, in the absence of a “public 
interest” defence, that virtually 
everything it said was true, or fair 
comment. As a result, last year 
was distinctly uncomfortable for 
the press and the BBC particu- 
larly for investigative journalism. 
Bui' even plaintiffs suffer from the 
vagaries of the English jury system 
and the huge legal costs of fighting 
even a simple case. 

But the media are not the only 
defendants in libel actions. Nor- 
man Tebbit apologized to the 
chairman of the Prison Officers’ 
.Association for a gaffe in a 
Conservative Party political 
broadcast, while Nigel Lawson 
picked up an unprecedented writ, 
as Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
for extra-parliamentary remarks 
about accountants Arthur Young 
McClelland Moore over the John- 
son Matthey Bank affair. Two 
young Conservatives paid “un- 
disclosed” libel . damages to a 
member of the ruling body of 
CND for allegations in a leaflet 
that he was a communist. 

Another Conservative, Jona- 
than Aiikcn. MP for Thanet 
South, was more successful as a 
libel defendant in foe celebrated 
and somewhat comical Dallas 
case brought by Mrs Hazel Pinder- 
White. Early in the case Mrs 
Pindcr-White indicated that she 
would like Aitken to go down on 
his knees in the middle of Viking 
Bay at Broadstairs to apologize for 
comparing her with Sue Ellen, the 
character in foe TV soap opera. 

The jury seem to have regarded 
this as excessive in foe light of 
Ailken's previous expressions of 
regret and found for him. After- 
wards, writing in L’K Press Ga- 
zette. Aitken likened our libel laws 
to an “expensive lottery payable 
only in one of the world's most 
expensive casinos, foe High 

Now that Aitken and fellow 
Conservatives have experienced 
our libel laws at first hand surely 
someone will introduce legislation 
to give j u d ges , as foe experts, the 
right lo assess damages once the 
jury has decided that a libel has 
been committed and has indicated 
that damages should be substan- 
tial, moderate, nominal or con- 
temptuous. Judges already award 
damages in personal injury ac- 
tions, so why not for libel? It is foe 
only way to remove the roulette 
wheel from the libel courts. 

The author, a solicitor, is a legal 
adviser to Times Newspapers. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

RIP M3, gnp 
and gdp 

There was no change i n foe state of 
the British economy this morning. 
It was still in a deep coma. 
Doctors who had attended it 
during foe night said it had shown 
no signs of life at any point. This 
came as no particular surprise to 
them, as it has not shown any 
signs of life for about 30 years. 

Medical experts are at a loss to 
explain bow an apparently healthy 
economy can remain totally with- 
out signs of life for 30 years, 
especially as closely related speci- 
mens in France and Germany are 
showing signs of good growth. It 
has been fed intravenously on 
North Sea oil and gas for the last 
10 years, but if and when this runs 
out, the patient may become very 
expensive to maintain. Mean- 
while, it is being inspected every 
day for signs of activity, but its 
condition is always described as 
“Like a very deep sleep, but much 
deeper than that”. 

“We have tried almost every 
known treatment there is,” said 
head surgeon N. H. S. Porter, 
“but none of them has worked. 
Socialism, computerization, un- 
onizaiion, free enterprise, total 
neglect — you name it. We’ve even 
tried a big kick up the backside. 
Not a dicky bird. Frankly, I'd 
think the economy was dead 
except for the way it soaks up foe 
old oil and gas.” 

They have tried playing the 
British economy's favourite rec- 
ord, Rule Britannia, repeatedly at 
its bedside. Mrs Thatcher has 
come around, usually lo scream: 
“If you don’t get up, HI sell you to 
the Americans!” Members of the 
Royal Family have called by to 
shout “Stop being dozy and get 
your finger out!” They have even 
brought in people like Gore Vidal 
to insult the British economy, but 
no observable reaction has yet 
taken place. 

Nor has anyone satisfactorily 
explained how this happened. 
Some say that the shock of the 
Suez failure in 1 956 caused a brain 
haemorrhage, while others think 
that Britain’s traditions took a 
stranglehold and somehow cut off 
the blood to the brain. 
N. H.S. Porter thinks Britain may 
have taken too literally the old 
expression, “Export or die”, and 

has simply decided to die. 

“Or maybe it's a new kind of 
anorexia nervosa,” he says. 
“Maybe the British economy is 
deliberately starving itself to death 
in order to reach such a state of 
emaciation that it can be mistaken 
for a Third World member and 
qualify for lots of aid from 
America. I think it's got a big 
shock coming, if that's the case. 
This part of foe world is far too 
cold to be a comfortable member 
of the Third World.” 

Another unexpected theory is 
that some sort of astral projection 
is taking place. What we think is 
the British economy is only the 
lifeless shell - foe real British 
economy is on a trip to another 
planet, or Australia, or some- 
where. The main proponent ofthis 
theory. Professor Andrew May- 
nard, explains it thus. 

“I've been reading this amazing 
book about astral projection, 
which says that if you do certain 
breathing exercises, you can ac- 
tually become disembodied and 
travel tremendous distances at 
incredibly cheap rates. Actually 
Tve only read foe first two 
chapters so far, but I don’t see why 
this shouldn't be foe answer, and it 
certainly makes sense.” 

It certainly makes as much 
sense as any other theory. But as 
the coma has now continued for so 
long, there is a growing move to 
have foe economy’s life support 
system turned off and simply let ii 
come to an end. America, Austra- 
lia and other relatives privately 
believe foal there is no further use 
for it and no prospect of life 
returning, and a complete switch- 
J* the thing. 

.Wed be kmda sorry to see 
Britain go,” says an American 
spokesman. “We’d miss all foe 
history and old houses and such, 
ntat s why we're buying so much 
of foe books, and paintings, and 
stuff now - get it out while we can. 
Let s hope foey can get foe Royal 
Family out before foe switch-oft” 
Slop press A brain scan has 
revialed that the menial cells of 

w^ llsh u ec , < ? nom }' *** working. 
Surgeons believe it is phyS 
wdfess episodes of 
Jtself and not receiving' any mes- 
sages from the outside worid 

; >\ i *• 


ijfJjl i> !sS£> 

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ZffiEP TlBjgjC 


i Penningtoa Stree t. London El. Telephone 01 4814100 

GOVERNMENT for schools 

Oil price question over Sizewell 

The most significant measure 
of edurational legislation since 
1944, Sir Keith Joseph said 

yesterday Ws new bill, the 

largest statutory change since 
the Butler Act. On the face of it 
that was an exaggerated 
comparison. The ' new bill 
leaves the shape of the school 
intact. It alters very little who 
pays teachers, who grades their 
work, who appoints the janitor 
and who comes in to mow the 
playing fields. 

Hire and fire remain pretty 
firmly in the hands of the 
councils that are by Sir Keith’s 

confines of the publicly-pro- 
vided educati onal sector al- 

It need not be that way. If 
this education bill had ap- 
peared seven years ago, at the 
ontset of the administration’s 
policy peregrination, it would 
indeed have merited that 
rather portentous comparison 
with R-A-Butler’s chief work. 

For the bill creates a context, 
a bed for the consu mm ation of 
what ought to be schooling’s 
happiest marriage: the natural, 
sometimes passionate, desire 
of parents for the success and 

R Soon ■ and A*® natural, at best pas- 

ISFSSS 1 ® * disaphmng sionate, wish of teachers to 
*“?«*»“* pupils is made have their pupils attain life’s 
des ? lte ***** prizes through the fullest use of 
persisting offence to good their gifts of character and 
school government, the “graf- mind. 

SiSf-" f/oMdswick High That context could be the 
i school board of go venters. An 

The bill has the feel of yet entire philosophy of educa- 
anomermbble at educational tional progress could have 
policy. There have been many been, and might still be, built 
in the past six years. No one around that humble body. It 
can say that government min- could be the place where 
isters have stinted at measures, discipline is cherished - and 
Technical and vocational that includes the discipline of 
educational initiative, the core the staffroom as well as of the 
curriculum, records of con- playground. It could be the 
Crete school achievement, first court for examining teach- 
reformation of . teacher ing quality. It could be a 
training...!! is a long and vehicle for some first steps in 
impressive list for which Sir - endowing parents with a man- 
Keith in particular often gets rial right to choose the place of 
Bbo hide credit He sees it their child's education, per- 
bonded together as the pursuit haps initially by giving parents 
of “standards” , a cry with great the wherewithal to top up the 
resonance in the history of a discretionary funds that 
Conservative Party which governing bodies are now to 
since the 1950s has stood by have. Governing bodies could, 
without vision or policy while in other words, be a co ndui t 
collectivists and egalitarians for some partial but effective 
have reshaped the secondary “voucher” scheme, 
schools. There are, unfortunately. 

But for the public at large ' some advocates of a voucher 
this is a mere list Policy has scheme for parents whose only 

come to be seen through the 
prism of the teachers' dispute 
in which the government's 
position has been by no means 
crystal dear. Sir Keith sees his 
list as a framework but the 
.public — and it seems many of 
3is own party — think policy is 

motive is to facilitate the 
transfer from publicly-main- 
tained schools of those able 
and well-motivated pupils 
who are the mainstay of a good 
school's life. Sir Keith has 
done less than he might to 
educate those in his own party 

random. It is seen, and '“who still think of educational 
often correctly seen, as in- - vouchers as a panacea. - 

formed by a primordiaLTory 
ambition to escape from the 

Vouchers are only a raecha- 
nism for creating space for the 

maximum freedom of parents 
to choose, and to inject into 
the running of schools their 
commitment and enthusiasm. 
That space is limited, for it has 
to be found within a common 
framework of examinations, 
curriculum, teacher training 
and now vocational prepara- 

- lion, too. The language of the 
bill recognizes the idea of a 
common educational floor, de- 
nominated in terms of money 
per pupil or a core curriculum; 

- on this schools should be 
empowered and encouraged to 
build by raising money from 
parents and projects in order 

. to vary and expand their 
teaching and activities. 

Sir Keith could have been 
more imaginative. He might 
have gone much further than 
he has in freeing governing 
bodies from the shackles of 
council work practices. They 
might be ailowedto contract 
out small jobs of repair and 
refurbishment on the one hand 
and tasks of out of hours 
education and supervision on 
the other. 

The education bill 1986 is a 
positive measure. But it is only 
an instalment Educational 
policy needs two things. One 
should come from ministers’ 
speeches, and not just educa- 
tion ministers. It is vision. It is 
a sense of how publicly-pro- 
vided schools should provide 
not ephemeral excellence but 
individual attainment - how a 
society which is returning to 
pristine regard for individual 
flair and energy in economic 
life must provide tools to hone 
and shape the qualities of 
mind and personality which 
will sustain those individuals 
whefr they leave childhood. 
Those tools are the schools 
and colleges. 

Second, ministers cannot 
repeat often enough — if they 
are honest — that changing 
educational institutions will 
take time, a long time. There 
can be no overnight results 
from changes in the intake to 
teacher training or reforma- 
tion of school governing bod- 


Liaison between the British 
and Irish governments under 
the Anglo-Irish agreement 
continues to produce benefits 
which, like many anti-terrorist 
policies, cannot and will not 
show instant results. 
Tuesday's announcement by 
Dr Garret FitzGerald that the 
Republic will sign the Euro- 
.oean Convention on the Sup- 
pression of Terrorism (and 
introduce appropriate domes- 
tic legislation) may not alter 
extradition figures overnight, 
but it builds two defences 
against attacks which pan be 
made against a joint inter- 
governmental approach to se- 
curity problems. 

First, it will be hard, for any 
future government' of the 
Republic of whatever stripe to 
renege on this commitment. 
Secondly; it will be that much 
harder for unionists to allege 
that the Republic is un- 
interested in catching and 
handing over terrorists, and 
that this reluctance is pro- 
tected by the constitution. Mr 
j’eter Robinson of the Demo- 
cratic Unionists may counter 

Recovered sounds 

From Mr S. E. Dennis ■ 

Sir. On my opening a recently 
purchased secondhand and pre- 
war book, a sheet of silver paper 
emerged with that delightful and 
characteristic tinkling nistle that 
one remem here produced by the 
unwrapping of a penny bar of 
Nesde’s chocolate half a century 

By comparison, today s 
aluminium foil is almost mute and 


Yours etc. 


7 Efcton Grove. 

Hampslead, NW3. 

Green belt pressures 

From Mr R- W. Lewis 
Sir; In recent months you nave 
published a number of articles 
reflecting the increasing pressure 
to release more green belt land m 
the South-east for housing and - 
industrial development, and tlius- 
njating the disparity between, un- 
employment levels and house 
prices there and in other res ons. . 
The study of Crawley by Wilbam 
Greaves on February 7 tun- 
emplovment at 5 per cent dK 
lowest in the cotintiy. over j.uw 
vacancies in the focal job 
a threobedroomed seroi selling for 
£50,000) provided an excellent 

example oithe conflicts which this 

kind of pressure can generate. 

In the current free-enterpnse 
climate there is a grave dangeruiat 
^ belt hnd wS be acnfi«d ^ 
die name of “job creation before 
people have a chance to reflect 

by saying more than signatures 
and blarney are needed to get 
rid of the IRA, but he is 
implicitly acknowledging that 
the south are at least in that 
business - which is progress of 

Next week, the Prime Min- 
ister sees representatives of 
both unionist parties and Mr 
John Hume: of the Social 
Democratic and Labour Party. 
The government is beginning 
its search for some common 
ground on which the local 
political parties can be brought 
together alongside the Agree- 
ment. At the moment, both 
sides are playing grandmoth- 
ers footsteps; Unionists will 
not talk to anyone about 
devolved government while 
the Agreement remains in 
force. If there is no one to talk 
to, Mr Hume will not make 
good his general pledge to talk. 

Someone has to break this 
circle. The heavier obligation 
rests ou the nationalists. No 
matter how many times the 
British government stresses 
the . even-handed guarantees 
affirmed at Hillsborough, the 

that what has caused the present 
difficulties in. places like Crawley 
is not just prosperity, but a failure 
to plan bow sucb prosperity in the 
country as a whole can be 
maximised by the best use of the 
available resources of laud and 

Ii cannot make sense to use up 
the country’s finite stock of agri- 
cultural land to develop factories 
when many hundreds of existing 
industrial buildings are already 
standing empty, or to build new 
housing estates to help fill local - 
vacancies when over three million 
people who already have houses 
are crying out for iajob.' 

- To say, as Mr Greaves quotes 
the Chairman of Gatwick 2000 as 
saying, that local employers' are 
there because Gatwick is there and 
it is no use telling them to move to 
a depressed area, is merely to 
underline the failure of economic 

agreement is seen as having 
given more to nationalism 
than to unionism. If the SDLP 
wants the agreement to sur- 
vive and thrive, it can only get 
there by helping redress that 
imbalance. Mr Hume has to 
show, publicly, that he is 
prepared to work in a fair, 
devolved government 

This week the chairman of 
the Northern Ireland Police 
Federation said that his mem- 
bers might find it impossible 
to police protests against the 
Agreement if the numbers 
ranged against them were large 
enough. All other consid- 
erations are liable to be swept 
aside if this insidious attempt 
to undermine the Agreement 
finds support Quite apart 
from confirming Gttholic sus- 
picions that the Royal Ulster 
Constabulary is irrederaably 
sectarian, such confrontation 
would provide Mr Hume with 
an alibi for his inaction. If the 
RUC wishes to continue to call 
itself “Royal”, it had better 
ready itself to enforce the laws 
of HeTMajesty’s government 

Crawley because Gatwick b there, 
isn’t it reasonable to suppose that 
they wouldn't be there, and the 
resultant pressure on. green belt 
laud wouldn’t be there, if Gatwick 
were somewhere else? 

Yours faithfully, 

M anaging Director. 

Physiological Instrumentation 
Whitland Abbey, 

Whitland, .Dyfed. 

From the Director cf the Town and 
Country Planning Association 
Sir. At the public inquiry into the 
Sizewell B nuclear power station 
the Central Electricity Generating 
Board's economic case was 
founded on its belief that oil prices 
would escalate during the 1980s 
and 1990s. Its central projection 
was that the real price of heavy 
fuel oil (delivered and taxed) 
would rise by 62 per cent between 
1981 and 1990and by 141 percent 
between 1981 and 2000. It also 
projected that international coal 
prices would follow suit, rising by 
58 per cent and ISO per cent over 
the same periods. 

On this basis, the board argued 
both that a nuclear power station 
would be more economic than a 
coal-fired station and that electric- 
ity would increase its share of the 
. UK energy market from 13.5 per 
cent to 15.8 percent between 1981 
and 2000. 

How different things seem now! 
Far from rising, the internatio nal 
price of oil has dropped from 
almost S30 a barrel in 1981 to 

Selling of water 

From Lord Nugent of Guildford 
Sir, You publish today (February 
14) a letter from the Ouurman of 
the Water Authorities Associ- 
ation, Mr Leu HID, resisting your 
suggestion, in your leading article 
on February 10, that an indepen- 
dent public body should be made 
responsible for safeguarding 
environmental standards when 
the water authorities are 

Mr Hill sees this suggestion as a 
major step towards splitting the 
existing integrated management of 
river basins, which has proved so 
beneficial in the past 12 years. 

These two conflicting view- 
points .vividly illustrate one of the 
major dilemmas posed by HM 
Government's proposal to 
privatise the water industry. 

The change from the existing 
structure, where water authorities 
are appointed by ministers and 
responsible through them to Par- 
liament, to a new structure, where 
the management is primarily 
responsible to private sharehold- 
ers. would make a fundamental 

Aid for Ethiopia 

From Dr Richard Pankhurst and 
i others 

Sir. In the most recent of their 
repeated attacks on Ethiopia the 
pro-Greater Somalia Horn of Af- 
rica Council make a number of 
tendentious statements (February 

Reference to the Ethiopian 
.Government's “armed 
' intervention” in Eritrea, Tigre and 
Ogaden would lead the reader to 
suppose that these are foreign 
countries, whereas they are in feet 
an integral part of Ethiopia. 

The statement that Soviet air- 
craft are “forcibly moving thou- 
sands of Eritreans and Tigreans to 
inhospitable regions” can scarcely 

below $20 and present indications 
are that it could soon fell to below 
$15 a barrel. 

Studies carried out for the 
inquiry by the Cambridge Eco- 
nomic Research Group showed 
that if oil and coal prices were to 
remain at their 1981 levels in real 
terms, the economic advantage of 
a nuclear over a coal-fired station 
would disappear. With a reduction 
in fossil fuel prices, a coal station 
would become more economic. 

Those of us who attended and 
followed the course of that long 
inquiry would be interested to 
know why the board is continuing 
to place orders for the Sizewell B 
station as if nothing had changed 
since h prepared its economic case 
in the immediate aftermath of the 
1979 oil mice rise. Does it still 
believe in the projections it made 
at that time? 

Yours sincerely. 

DAVID HALL. Director, 

Town and Country Planning 

1 7 Carlton House Terrace, SW1. 
February 19. 

constitutional change with im- 
plications for the whole manage- 
ment structure. Whereas, at 
present, environmental safeguards 
and monitoring are woven into 
the management operation, in 
future these would be the 
responsibility of the new Director 
General of Water Services or a 
new independent environmental 
authority, as your leading article 

In the present climate of public 
opinion Parliament is likely to 
insist on robust, independent 
safeguards both for public health 
and for the environment, in the 
event of privatisation. Either this 
will mean a major duplication of 
management machinery of the 
water authorities, or it will mean 
splitting off this function, as Mr 
Hill fears. In either case there will 
be an increase in cost and a loss of 

Mr Hfll’s suggestion of a re- 
think of the policy of privatisation 
seems apposite. 

Yours faithfully, 

House of Lords. 

February 14. 

be supported. The resettlement 
scheme here referred to does not 
cover Eritrea. And four times as 
many come from peaceful Wollo 
as from Tigre. It is a matter of 
opinion whether the arid and 
eroded soil of Tigre is more or less 
hospitable than the well watered 
resettlement areas of the south- 
west. _ 

It is true that Ethiopia was never 
a British protectorate, but that 
would scarcely seem a reason to 
withhold aid from one of the 
poorest countries in the world. 
Yours faithfully, 



22 Lawn Road. NW3. 

February 13. 

! Tax returns 

From Mr S. A. Jones 
Sir, The Chairman of the Board of 
Inland Revenue, Sir Lawrence 
Airey, should not be “shocked” at 
the suggestion (Diary, February 5) 
that the promotion prospects of 
his tax inspectors are measured by 
the amount of additional tax they 
bring in. 

Every tax inspector engaged in 
accounts investigation work 
knows full well that his future 
progress in the Revenue depends 
almost entirely on the “results” he 
achieves in terns of additional 
cash (tax mtenet and penalties) 
felling due as a result of his 
intervention. Similarly, every ac- 
counts-investigation trainee is 
made aware that he will not be 
promoted to inspector on passing 
his examinations unless be has 

achieved the necessary level of 
“results” from the work allocated 
to him during his training period. 

Sir Lawrence denies that inspec- 
tors are paid by commission. He 
must, however, be aware that 
inspectors at principal ' level and 
above now qualify for “merit" 
bonus payments — and the Rev- 
enue criteria of merit in the 
examination of business accounts 
are, I, the yield from investigation 
work, and 2, the amount of 
additional profits brought into 
charge through technical adjust- 
ments in non-investigation cases. 
Yours faithfully. 


(former inspector of taxes). 

60 The Greenway, 



February 5. 

standing empty, or to build new u„ . t _____ 
housing estates to help fill local ■ *© grasp 

vacancies when over three million From Ms Peggy Pitt 
people who already have houses Sir. Now that, with great thankful- 
are crying out for ajob. ness, we find that your affairs are 

To ray, as Mr Greaves quotes returning to normal, 1 wonder 
the Chairman of Gatwick 2000 as whether your readers would have 
saying, that local employers are time to spare a thought for the old. 
there because Gatwick is there and We find that practically every- 
itis no use telling them to move to thing we touch, or need, it is 

a depressed area, is merely to impossible to open, 
underline the failure of economic Our arch enemies are plastic 
planners in recent years to follow bags fitted round with tight-fitting, 
policies leading to the utilisation tiny girdles impossible to remove; 

of the available resources of the 
country as a whole, not just the 
South-east, a failure compounded 
by the decision to develop 
Siansted as the thud London 
airport. 1 ’ 

The decision to go ahead with 
-the Channel tunnel makes it all the 

■ more urgent that the Government 
look agam at the whole question of 
regional pfenning. What is re- 
quired is not a massive increase in 
subsidies 'to industry - rather a 
determined effort to spread to 
other areas the basic investment 
which has already created prosper- 
ity in the South-east and now 
threatens to overwhelm iL 

■ After all; if the employers are in 

from reels of cotton to weekly 
magazines; and plastic totally 
encompassing parcels. 

We wrestle with stiff arthritic, 
often cold thumbs and try to press 
packages where it says, “Press to 
open" bht nothing happens. 

1 -The oaly (feirly) sensible rem- 
edy is to carry on our persons a 
pair of scissors or a knife, but, as 
we often feU this. too. is. hazard- 

Youn faithfully, 


The Gloving Cottage, 



February 1 1. 

Barristers 9 fees 

From Mr F. Ashe Lincoln, QC 
Sir, Your excellent editorial (Feb- 
ruary 1 1) mi the subject of fees for 
the Bar. whilst cogently 
emphasising some of the basic 
features of the present con- 
troversy, foiled to emphasise what 
is a basic fault of the system of 
legal aid. 

Unhappily legal aid is more 
costly than it might be for two 
reasons. Firstly, it is carried on in 
an unbusinesslike manner and. 
secondly, it results in very long 
delays in the payment of 
hamsters* fees. In criminal legal- 
aid cases a delay of between nine 
months and a year is not un- 
common and in civil cases even 
longer delays are experienced. 

. The combination of delays of 
this magnitude with inadequate 
fees, with no interest paid on the 
outstanding fee and the interven- 
ing inflation, does result in hard- 
ship to the junior barrister. 

There can be no doubt that the 
whole legal profession requires, in 
the public interest, a form of 
rationalisation- Almost all legal 
systems in civilised countries 
recognise that advocacy is the 
work of trained advocates. Even in 
the fused profession in the USA 
lawyers who specialise in ad- 
vocacy regard themselves as “trial 

The logical consequence of this 
is that all litigation should be in 
the bands of trained advocates, 
that is. banisters, to whom the 
public should have direct access. 
The Law Society, in their dis- 
cussion paper, recognised that 
theft is no need in most cases for 
the employment of both a solicitor 
and a barrister. The public is 
entitled to receive the services of 
the best trained advocates. 

The remedy lies in the hands of 

the Bar itself, which could and 
should abolish the restrictive prac- 
tice which requires barristers to be 
instructed by a solicitor. The 
logical and economical system 
would be for the public to have 
direct access to a barrister who 
could, if the case required it, 
employ a solicitor to assist him, 
just as an accountant may be 
required to deal with accounts or 
indeed any other expert in particu- 
lar fields. 

If such a system were in- 
troduced it could cheapen litiga- 
tion and provide a more efficient 
service. It would clearly require 
considerable reorganisation of the 
Bar and of the whole legal system, 
but with co-operation special 
arrangements could easily be 
made for a transition period. 

Yours truly, 


9 Kings Bench Walk, 

Temple, EC4. 

February 14. 

Orchestra at risk 

From the Chief Conductor of the 
BBC Symphony Orchestra 
Sir, The threat, which now seems 
increasingly positive, to the future 
of the Philharmonic HalL Liver- 
pool (letter, February 13) is only 
now impressing itself on the 
consciousness of the music pro- 
fession and the public at large. 

Around the world, wherever 
new concert halls have been built, 
it has been found that the pro- 
vision of proper concert facilities 
in itself cranes a public eager and 
adaptable to regular attendance at 
symphony concerts. 

In this country we have always 
taken it for granted that at least the 
large centres of population will be 
provided with halls of varying 
capacities and architectural 

Keeping a clear 
; head in cricket 

From the Reverend James Funndl 
e Sir. I know that it is easy to be wise 

- after the event, but should it not 
1 be the duty of the captain or the 
> manager of an England touring 
1 party, where there are inevitably a 
f limited number of players, to 
i order them all to wear a face mask 
i when batting? Such masks are one 
i of the few advantages of having 
lived through the Kerry Packer era 
[ of international cricket 

• I do not imagine that any of the 
i England players will bat against 
5 the West Indies, nor indeed any 
I other team, without using toe 
[ other kind of protector which is 
available to them. 

Yours faithfully. 


Si James* House. 

59a Kenniaghall Road, E5. 

Avoidable clashes 

From Sir Reginald Mur lev 
Sir, Contrary to what Dr Peter Slee 
avers in his letter (February 13) 
the education “crisis” (and the 
NHS “crisis" for that matter) is 
not purely a crisis of values. The 
1944 Education Act and the 1946 
NHS Act virtually nationalised 
the majority of our schools and 

If Dr Slee prefers to claim that 
education was standardised rather 
than nationalised, I shall not argue 
with him; but experience shows 
that nationalised schools and hos- 
pitals have become battlegrounds 
for both trades unions and so- 
called professional bodies. Thai is 
something which children and 
patients could have better 

As for “under-funding” our 
schools (Mr Downes’s letter of the 
same date), I strongly suspect that 
the per caput cost of educating a 
child in a State school (and also of 
treating a patient in a State 
hospital) is frequently higher than 
in comparable independent in- 
stitutions if the central and local 
bureaucratic costs are included. 
Yours faithfully, 


Cobden Hill House, 

Radlelt, Hertfordshire. 

Architects 9 image 

From Mr E. Maxwell Fry 
Sir, Mr Charles KnevitL in a not 
unkindly article (February 7), 
nominates the architect as toe 
“anti-hero” of our times. He 
speaks well of toe social concern of 
the early Modem Movement and 
coukl have noted the corollary of 
the new towns and the then LCC 
revival of interest in housing and 
planning, in and out of the city, 
including the infilling rather than 
the needless expansion of villages 
in the open countryside. 

Will these critics of the architect 
look inward to the chaotic and 
badly informed times which they 
have themselves created, to ask 
themselves, as toe present clients 
of architecture, what they have 
done, or will do. to see toe issues 
as clearly as our clients and we, 
their architects, in the years of the 

It is easy to make architects the 
scapegoats and it makes good 
media news. But before an archi- 
tect is employed he needs a client, 
and if clients are bemused, un- 
caring. swayed by fashion or 
basically indifferent, what can be 
expected of their architects? 

A client, whatever he, she, or it 
may be. carries a responsibility 
that they share with those em- 
ployed, and I would like to see 
these responsibilities discussed 
with a view to toe formation of 
well-based opinions and a move- 
ment in the body social that might 
guide us all in our way to a better 
architectural inheritance. 

May I hope. Sir, that your 
responsible organ will initiate it? 
Yours sincerely, 


West Lodge Cotherstone, 

Barnard Castle, co Durham. 

Meaningful terms 

From Mr K. L. Regan S 
Sir, 1 have just been supplied with 
a bottle of sleeping pills. 

There is a warning on the label: 
“These pills may cause 

Yours faithfully, 


16 Shelford Paric. 

Great Sbelford, Cambridgeshire. 

Staying power 

From Mr T. R. Epton * I 

Sir. Mr Arnold Butler's letter ■ 
(January 16) is likely to bring forth 
the owner ofa blade from a Greek | 

trireme but, of more recent note, 1 \ 

can report that I maintain in < 
regular use a BS.A military bicycle | 

of the win-tube type that was ( 
developed during the Great War j 
and remained in Service use until 
foe Second World War and I also ' 
maintain, in “fine” condition, my t 
new National Service boots, which \ 

FEBRUARY 21 1855 

“On this Dav" January 27 noted , 
how The Times compelled the 
Aberdeen government to resign 
during the war in the Crimea. As 
the leading article below shows, 
the paper continued in its 
ounpaign against foe conduct of 

the war, in particular the 
incompetence displayed by the 
British commanders in the field. 
Lord Raglan, the commander-in- 
chief, was the main target He 
narrowly missed being censured in 
the Commons and his recall 
seemed inevitable; only his death 
in June prevented- that 

[Failures in the 

The causes to which the failure of 
our recent military operations in 
the Crimea have been attributed 
are manifold. Every speaker or 
commentator, in Parliament or out 
of it, examines the subject by the 
light of his own previous ideas or 
prepossessions. According to one, 
the doctors have been to blame: 
according to another, the transport 
service. A third will tell you that all 
Lord Raglan, humanly speaking, 
could be expected to accomplish 
was to keep a register of the 
thermometric changes in the 
neighbourhood of Balaklava amid 
the corpses of his former legions. A 
fourth will have it that the Duke of 
Newcastle was bound not only to 
remit stores to Balaklava harbour, 
but to take such precautions that 
the unfortunate men for whose use 
they were intended might have 
reaped the benefit of his labours 
and bis foresight. The aristocratic 
character of our service did all the 
mischief - or the disproportionate 
partition of the work - or the crass 
incapacity of the motley Staff - or, 
finally, the inclemency of the 
seasons and the act of God. We 
believe that the disappearance of 
the British forces lately in leagues 
before Sebastopol is due to this one 
cause, which embraces all others, - 
that there has not been a single 
man in the high commands either 
at home or in the Crimea who was a 
master of the Art Of War— A blue 
riband athwart the breast does not 
make a man a councillor, any more 
than a red coat and a decoration or 
two will imply talents for high 
military c ommand. .. Whatever 
Lord Raglan may have been in 
subordinate commands under the 
orders of the Duke of Wellington, 
forty years have elapsed since he 
obtained his distinctions; and. 
unfortunately, it is more easy to 
forget than to acquire. There is no 
suggestion that our War Ministers 
at home, either recent or present, 
ever learned their trade; or, indeed 
- save we except Lord Panmure’s 
peaceful service at the War-office, - 
that they ever bad an opportunity 
of learning it. When the whole 
chapter of prevarication, shuffling, 
excuse, end declamation against 
everybody who has dared to cen- 
sure their acts has been exhausted, 
it is impossible to extract from it 
any valid argument in favour of 
those who despatched a large 
British force upon an expedition 
against a formidable fortress in the 
autumn without having provided 
for the contingency of a whiter 
campaign. It was surely on the 
cards that the walls of Sebastopol 
might not fell down as the walls of 
Jericho fell of old before the blast 
of horn and trumpet, and, if the 
meditated assault was to be con- 
verted into a siege, surely the 
troops engaged in it must be 
victualled, lodged, and clothed in 
some form or other. This is what 
was not done™ The probability is, 
that had a corporal’s guard from 
the Coldstreazns been directed 
n gaimd’ the windmill on Wimble- 
don common, and had it been so 
handled, the corporal and his men 
would have perished by a fete 
similar to that of the late British 
army before Sebastopol.. 

Can any conduct be more worthy 
of admiration than that of the 
British soldier, true and faithful 
even unto death in the flooded 
trenches and on the chill bivouac? 
Alas for that burning but misdi- 
rected courage! Alas for that 
touching but useless fortitude! The 
one and the other are equally 
thrown away , or serve but to mid to 
the enduring indignation with 
which every man must think of so 
dismal a tragedy as the one before 
Sebastopol... Generals who do not 
understand the art of war must be 
employed, and those who do 
understand the art of war me it not 
be employed.. 

are now thirty years' (rid and to 
which arc attached a pair of long- 
bladed Canadian ice skates some 
70 years old. 

In foe sharp winter of 1963 
these made the epic journey from 
Magdalene Bridge, Cambridge, to 
Gran rch ester and back again. I 
remember the occasion well be- 
cause I fell over 37 times in the 

Yours faithfully, 

4/5 North Parade, 
Bath, Avon. 

distinction, where a “resident” 
symphony orchestra can perform 
(and, what is equally important, 

Among these halls the Phil- 
harmonic in Liverpool has for 
many years been a distinguished 
centre for music: it seems almost 
unbelievable that the vagaries of 
politics can menace the existence 
of the hall, and indeed the Royal 
Liverpool Philharmonic Or- 
chestra itself. Can some prom- 
inent influential person, or 
organisation, help us to channel 
effort on all sides to avert this 

Yours sincerely. 


Chief Conductor, 

BBC Symphony Orchestra. 
Delaware Road, Maida Vale, W9. 

Seen along the line 

From Mr J. Pickard 
Sir. Dr Fursdon (February 12) is 
right to cherish nostalgic feelings 
about the absence of the lonely 
and hardworking scarecrow. 

1 suspect that it is also sorely 
missed by* some members of the 
animal kingdom as well: the one 
recently erected in a field adjacent 
to my house is at the moment 
.providing invaluable shelter from 
the east wind for a family of 
shivering pheasants. 

Yours faithfully, 


Scariens Cottage. 

Scarletts Lane. 

Hare Hatch, 

Nr Twyford, 


February 12. 






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Sale Room 

Irish ‘Mona Lisa’ a genuine article 


By Geraldine Norman, Sate Room Correspondent 



February 20: The Princess 
Anne. Mrs Mark Phillips. 
Honorary Associate oF the 
Royal College oF Veterinary 
Surgeons, this afternoon gave 
the Keith Entwjstie Memorial 

Her Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Quern's 

Mrs Howard Page was in 

February 20: The Duke of Kent. 
President of the Royal Tele- 
vision Society, this evening 
presented the Television 

Christie's sold the "Mona 
Lisa" for £21,600 (estimate 
£4.000— £6.000) yesterday. 
Admiring artists have copied 
Leonardo's masterpiece 
through the centuries and this 
was a genuinely <dd copy. 

It had appeared in a Dublin 

poaches to the belt, proved 
enormously popular with 
strong cottttogents of buyers 
from France. Belgium, die 
Netherlands. West Germany 
and the United States. 

The top prices were for the 
classic Kyoto school of carvers 

exhibition as the work of of the mid to late eighteenth 
Bellini, a fanciful attribution century. A fine frory study of a 

Lecture at the Department of Rjuroalism Awards at the Dor- 
Clinical Veterinary Medicine, tester HoleL London WI. 

Cambridge. " Captain Michael Campbcll- 

Her Rovql Highness was re- t* 5 in < ?5 wnda £ ce - 

reived by Her Majesty's LonJ- J 1 * Duchess of Kent, fturoo. 
Lieutenant for Cambndgesbire ««*■» visited the Putney Branch 
(Mr Michael Be van i and the of "* 

Professor of Animal Pathology . Mre Peter »ilm 
and Head of the Department ,n attendance. 

(Professor E. SouIsbyV THATCHED HOI 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark Febniarv 20: Prir 

Mrs Peter Wjlmot-Sitwefi was 
in attendance. 

February 20: Princess Afatan- 

which could only be dreamed 
op in Ireland. Christie's 
thought that it might date from 
the seventeenth century. . 

It was the third Old Master 
painting sale of the week and 
again met a buoyant market 
The top price was £54,000 
(estimate £7,000— £10,000) 
paid by J van Haeftea, a 
London dealer, for a sunlit 
townscape, "The Courtyard of 
the Bmnenhof, the Hague", 

mythical beast called a tirin, 
by Tomotada, sold for £19,800 
(estimate £I5,000-£1 6.000) to 
Eskenaai. the London dealer, 
and a Masanao wooden carv- 
ing of a ral with pricked ears 
and a ta3 carted beneath him 
made £14,300 (estimate 
£8,000— £10,000) to a private 

The aetsafee figures of the 
raid uineteenth century Tokyo 
school are plentiful and not 

great literary works was high 
fashion in the 1930s but has 
attracted little attention since. 
There were signs at Btooms- 
bury book auctions yesterday 
that the taste may be return- 

Dickens went far beyond 
estimate; a Gist edition of 
Nicholas Nickleby in its origi- 
nal parts made£U55 (estimate 
£400— £500) and David 
CopperfieldmafeLLASto (esti- 
mate £70O-£9OO). Jane Ans- 

Japauese and German def- 
ers made the nmning in 
PhOlips* highly successful sale 
of musical instruments. The 
top price of £7/180 (estimate 
£3,090-£5,GOO) was paH hf 
Henry Blmn of Stuttgart for 
an oghte«A ctttmy vtolm by 
Vincenzo Panomw is Dublin. 
The sale totalled £82300, with 
two per cent left unsold. 

Sotheby's sale of watches 
and docks-saw prices picking 
op for pocket watches after a 


Prominent figure in the 
building industry • 

ten was not far behind with a difficult period* and < very 
first edition of Mansfield bark .. strong prices for top quality 

Phillips, President or the Save dra. as Patron of the Mental 
the Children Fund, this evening Health Foundation, this eve- 

attributed to Gtirit Adriaensz usually sought after, but they 
Berckheyde. The sale totalled were m ak ing strong prices. A 

attended a Cambridge Union ning attended a special Screen- 
Society Charity Debate in aid of ing of the Thames Television 

the Save the Children Fund at series Someone To Talk To at 
The Union Society. Cambridge. 149 Tottenham Court Road. 

£791.931, with ! 

wn-Bp ld. 

At Sotheby's, 

per cent plump little man sitting cross- 
legged with a happy smfle by 

at £990 (estimate £500— £700), 
followed by Northanger Abbey 
with Persuasion at £550 (esti- 
mate £2S0-£350). 

Modern anthers were also 
is favour with a first edition of 
Graham Greene's The Paveer 
and The Clary at £286 (esti- 
mate £2OO-£150) and Dashteil 
Hammett's classic detective 
story* The Maltese Falcon, at 

wrist watties. 

An . Anstrafian collector 
broke off a bridge game to bid 
£4J8Q (estimate £2*000- 
£34100) on the telephone for an 
18 carat gold ' 1925 Patek 

Sir Ronald Wares, FRiCS. -v . 
who died on January 25. kged 

70. was President of Wales, . 'F W . 

one of the few remaining •, #. J . . • 

family-owned building firms' ' 'J*-.- 

of size itt Britain. f ' m ‘ 

Bom on June 4. 1902.. . Jr 
Rosald Wallace Wates joined : . R 
the company as a trainee on ’. 

leaving Emanuri School in ? 

4925, becoming a director in r : -C 
1928. chairman m 1969. and .. ;> : - 

DBring that period, with his 
brothers. Norman and Allan, 
be played a msrjor part in the 
progress of die firm from an 
early (and surviving) interest OT 'W.'.' -i 
in house-buikimg to one of Sotrih BaukLof which tae-w* 

large scale developments, 
mainly, in London. Such a 

a governor. . 

Asa member of tire Comtek 

Philippe wristwatA.The top[ ^phie was their own head- of Guildford CathedraC he 

price was £23,060 (estimate 
£T7.000— £20,000) for a 1912 

tjuaners in 

where Her Royal Highness was 

received by the Master of Si Lady Marv Fitzalan-Howard 
John's College (Professor F. was in attendance. 


London W|. 

Japanese netsufce. the intri- 
cate earrings used to attach 

sale of Yasuaki made £880 (estimate £231 (estimate £75— £100). The 

£550— £650). 

Collecting first editions of 

sale of printed books made 


keytess tonrWton by Charles Vaics carried out much 
Frodsham. ***** sotr^t wric of hi gh priority during 
after maker. The sale made second World War. is- 
£229^84. with to per cent 


The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, attended by {he Hon 
Mrs Legge Bourke. unveiled in 

The Prince of Wales, President 
of ihe Prince's Trust accompa- 
nied by the Princess of Wales. 

Birthdays today 

aircraft of The Queen's will attend a concert at the 



iS Srstt /w W 3"«> !°r 

Albert Halt, on March 8. in aid 
of the trust. 

Hound at King's Reach Tower. 

Lady Jean Rankin and Sir 
Martin Giliiat were in atten- 

Third World magazine' s appeal 
ai New Zealand House, 
Haytnarket, on March 10. 

February 20. The Princess of 
Wales this morning opened the 
new library- of the British Medi- 
cal Association at BMA House, 
Tavistock Square, London 

Mrs George West and 
Lieutenant-Commander Rich- 
ard Aylant RN were in atten- 

A memorial service for Air 
Commodore J.M. Birkin will be i 
held at St Clement Dane's today I 
at noon. 

Lady Emma Humfrey gave 
birth to a son in London on 

1 Mr Humphry Berkeley. 60: 
Professor Ruth Bowden, 71; Sir % 
Colville DeverelL 79: Mr Pat- §1 
rick Duff. 83: Mr Leslie Durbin. & 
73: Mr Canon Greig, 61; Dr H. ■ 
MacL Havergal. 84; Sir Conrad H 
Heron. 70; Sir Reginald H 
Hibbert 64; Sir John McGregor H 
Hill. 65; Lord Hunter. 73: ■ 
Professor Israel Levine. 93: B 
Professor Sir Rupert Myers, 65; k 
S ir Alan Orr, 75: Sir Ashley H 
Ponsonby. 65: Lieutenant-Gen- fl 
era! Sir John Richards. 59; S 
Professor F.W. Rimmcr. 72; Mr 
.Andres Segovia. 93; Sir Rex Bj 
Su rridge. 87; Mr Richard H 
Turner-Warwick, 61. H 



Strcatham. d helped to pay for tire btulSog 
iwcfl Fry. of the chapter house. ^ . T V. 

icd out much ' . fat 1965 bcestobJafce&wftfc 
work "of high priority dining las brothers, the Wales, Pbtm. 
the Second World War. w- dstion wbicb formOre than 20 
d tiding the devehqxnent and years has helped many titan- 
construction of the floating ires. ■ A 

sections oftte Miflberry har- Jte was am»tmed i Jp jbr 
bouts, which formed an into-:: tfreepomy ofLopdoo A 1947 

pent of tite'Norenandf Irad was active in 


A memorial service for Profes- 
sor Malcolm Dixon, honorary 
fellow of King's College and 
emeritus professor of enzyme 
biochemisiy. will be held during 
evensong on Saturday. March 8. 
in the Chapel of King's College. 

Fan Makers' 

February 20: The Duchess of Cambridge, at 5.30pm. 

Gloucester this afternoon 
opened the Paradise Circus 
Complex. Birmingham, and in 
the evening attended a concert 
given in the Sir .Adrian Boult 
Hall. Birmingham. 

Viscount and Viscountess Lam- 
bert regret that they were unable 
to attend the memorial service 
for Viscount Davcntry at St 
Margaret's. Westminster held 
yesterday at noon. 

The following have been elected 
officers of the Fan Makers' 
Company for the ensuing yean 
Master. Mr Michael S. Ross 
Collins: Free Warden, Mr R.A. 
Pollitt: Foreign Warden, Mr 
P.G. Bird: Clerk, Mr Roger 
South com be. 



Hosanna House Appeal 
The Lord Mayor and Lady- 
Mayoress. accompanied by the 
Sheriffs and their ladies, were 
present at a reception heidat the 
Mansion House last night to 
promote a £1 million appeal to 
improve and extend facilities for 
the handicapped at Hosanna 
House in Bartres. Lourdes, 
France. Mr John Smith. Chair- 
man of the Appro] Council, was 

Institute of Journalists 
The Institute of Joumairsis held , 
a reception at the Royal Scottish 
Corporation. Covent Garden. 
Iasi night, to mark the installa- 
tion of Mr Rodney Bennett- 
England as president for the 
coming year. 

Service Luncheon 

1928 Rodney Term 
A reunion luncheon of the 1928 
Rodney Term at the Royal 
Naval College. Dartmouth, was 
held at Cloth workers' Hall yes- 

Cleaners 9 Company 

The following have been elected 
officers of ihe Environmental 
Cleaners’ Company for the 
ensuing year Master, Lady Por- 
ter. Senior Warden. Mr A. Brian 
Barclay: Junior Warden, Mr 
.Alan Berry; Clerk, Mr Arthur 

Service Dinner 

Headquarters RAF 
Support Command 
Air Marshal Sir John Sutton. 
Air Officer Commanding-in- 
ChieC and member of Bramp- 
ton Park Officers' Mess held a 
dinner at HQ RAF Support, 
Command. Brampton, last i 
night. The principal guests were , 
Air Commodore D.M. Reader I 

and Mr A3. Kennedy. Group 
Captain M.G. Coggins presided. 


Management Consultants 


Mr John Lidstone, chairman, 
and council members of the 
Management Consultants 
Association were hosts at a 
dinner given for Mr Victor 
Paige. Chairman of the NHS 
Management Board, at the Cav- 
alry and Guards Club on Feb- 
ruary 19. 1986. 

Association of Lancastrians 
in London 

The Association of Lancastrians 
• in London held its annual City 
dinner at the City Livery Cub 
last night Judge Abdela, QC. 
president, was in the chair, and 
Judge Pigoi. QC, Common 
Seriearnt in the City of London 
and vice-president, was the 

National House-Bunding 

. Mr John Patten. MP. Minister 
for Housing. Urban A flairs and 

Cambridge Union Society 
Princess Anne was present at a 
dinner given by the President of 
the Cambridge Union at St 
John's College. Cambridge, last 
nighL Among those present 
were the Lord Lieutenant of 
Cambridgeshire, the Master of 
St John's College, the President i 
of St John's College, the Hon ; 
Greville Janner, QC, MP, the 
Hon Mrs Legge-Bourke. Mr 
Nicholas Parsons. Mr Simon 
Bates. Mr Christopher Steele. 
Mr Sanjay Srivatsa. Mr Jona- 
than Young. Mr Phillip Green- 
wood, Mr Nigel Hancock and 
the Rev James Owen. A charity 
debate was held afterwards in 
aid of the Save the Children 
Fund at which Princess Anne 
received honorary membership 
of the society. 


Mr P.CJP. Pryse-Hawirins 
and Miss A.N.B. Congreve 
The marriage took place on 
Februarv 15 at the Guild 
Church of St Benet, EC4, of Mr 
Oirisiopher Pryse-Hawkins, el- 
der son of the Rev A. and Mrs 
Pryse-Hawkins. of London, and 
Miss Anna Congreve, daughter 
of Dr G. Congreve, of Moncton, 
N.B. Canada, and Mrs P. Con- 
greve, of London. 

The father of the bridegroom 

Mr Gert Hageman, a Dutch nurseryman, inspecting a black 
tulip which ha s taken 10 years to perfect. The Fri esland 
Flower Institute said the bloom was a cross between the 
Queen of the Night and the Viennese Waltz. 

11 i . • The engagement is a 

Cranwell craduations s n oni? , Bo 

University news 


The following have been elected 
to the fellowship of the Imperial 
College of Science and Technol- 

Air Vice-Marshal D.W. 
Richardson. Air Officer En- 
gineering, Strike Command, 
was the reviewing officer when 
99 officers of No 90 initial 
officer training course graduated 
from the Royal Air Force Col- 
lege Cranwell this month. The 
Flying Training School, 
Cranwell provided the fly-past- ■ 

SASH OF.MEPTT: Pilot Officer J 
Good BSc WRAP. 

Officer K Con BUT BSc. 

TROPHY: Flying Officer J M WUsoo 

McCormick BSc. R H Re nin* BSc. A 
H Rodgers BSC. P J Taylor BSc. A G 
Thomas SSc. P D Thomas BSc. Acting 
prior Officers a M Btoudsoa. S C 

Crwral Duties Brandi i Air Elec nu n - 
ks officer*: Flying Officer M P 

General Dimes Branch r/Ur Engineer): 
Flying Officers R E Lawton. R j 

Cerverai Duties Brandi (CriiuncD- 
Flfghier Control, plkh Officer J A 
Hymans BSc WRAF. Acting PUoi 
Officers C S Beard WRAF, I M Keyie. 
General Duues Branch (Croundl-Air , 
Traffic Control; Flying Officer T N | 
Evans. PUd Officers T1 Berry BSc. H 

Evans. PUd Officers Ti Berry BSc. H 
R MiKtieD BSC. Acting Pilot Officer J 
W Tabbcon. 

Mr AJVLD. H twl oc k -Afea 
and Miss AJX Foster 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony Mark David, 
son of Sir Anthony Havefock- 
Allan, Bu and Mrs John 
Profumo. and Alison Lee Caro- 
line. daughter of tbe late Mr 
Leslie F. Foster and of Mrs 
Foster. The marriage wffi take 
place quietly to May. 

Mr JJ. Bacon 
and Miss CL. Trafford 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian John, youngest 
son of Mr . and Mrs G.C.D. 
Bacon, of Hill House. Eafard, 
Wiltshire, and Claire Louise, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
R.H. Trafford, of Mount Howe. 
Topsham, Devon. 

Mr RJHjEnrary 
and Miss CJL Ryan 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, younger son ; 
of the late Mr Cyril Emary and 
Mrs Joyce Emary. of Hooe. 
Battle. Sussex, and Clare, only 
daughter of Mrs U.C. Ryan, of 
Lanza rote, and Cr an bro ok , 
Kent. * 

Mr N. Grainger -Smith 
and Miss DjC. Middleton 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Neil, son of Mr T. 
Grainger-Smith and the late Mrs 
P. Grainger-Smith, of 
Broombiii, Glasgow, and 
Denise, daughter of Mr R. 
Middleton and the late Mrs P. 
Middleton, of Preston. Rutland 
Mr CS. Griffis 
and Miss P J. Foikes 
The engagement is announced 
between Carl Stephen, son of Mr 
Derek Griffin. . Bovingdon. 
Wordsley, West Midlands, and 
Mrs June A. Griffin. The White 
House. Stourbridge. West Mid- 
lands. and Patricia Jane, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs John H. 
Foikes. Tresco. Pori Erin, isle of 

Mr M J. Hill 

and Miss GA. Hunt 

The engagement is announced 

between Michael, eider son of 

Mr and Mrs AJ. HilL of 

Brighton, Sussex, and Caih- 


Besides his involvement ia 
tbe House Builders* Federa- 
tion. Wales was active m 

ment as a tnera&er of Wands- 
worth Borough Conned from 

1937-46. a borough wfticb be 
represented on the London 

many Reids on the industry's County Council from 1949. 
fringe, among them the Hfcr 52. ■ 

toric^ Churches Preservation 
> Trust (of which be a 
trustee and member of coun- 
cil). tbe • Church 
Commissioners* Committee 
on Redundant Cfautrhes, the 
London and South-eastern ros 
glottal advisory committee of 
the Land Oomxntssbd (chair- 
man -from 1967 txntif the 
committee's dissolution) and 
Ihe Brixton School of Building 
(now tbe Polytechnic of the. 

Created a knight bachelor in 
)975, Waics was an honorary 
feSow of Untyersity C'oSqc 
L ondon and a fbusdahon 
fellow of Sunrey University. 
He was mattes deputy ffeuten- 
am forSinrey in I98L . 

: Wares found retexaiion ia 
field sports, ridh^ to hounds 
with tbe Surrey and Buraow - 
Hoot BDtilhe washed 70. / 
He jTtarrKd in 1931 Phyllis 
Trace; they had four sons. j| 


Howard Da Silva, tbe 
American, actor, director, 
playwright and theatrical 
manager, has died in Ossining. 
New York, aged 76. 

He was born in Clevdand. 

Ohio, on May 4, 1909, and (1964) as 

appear ia 1940, Elmer Ride's 
Two On An Island, and Okia* 
homa!. m the world pretftie te 
of tdiich be played Jud ( 1 943). . 

Laser he waste appear ao 
Fiordb! (1959), Hamlet 

educated at the Carnegie Insti- 
tute of Technology, which he 
left to go on the stage. In 1929 

and, as 

Benjamin Franklin, in 1776 

Other directing successes 

he pfayed his first role, that of were Proud Accents at the 
the actor in Gorki's TheLmrer Hollywood • Actors' ■ Lab 
Depths, at the Gvic Repertory (1949), Purlie Victorious- cm. 
Theatre. . Broadway in 1961, The Cradle 

He stayed there for IS years, . mU Rock (1947) and The 
playing such roles as the W orld of Sholom Aleichem 
White Knight m Alice in (1953), in both of which he 
Wonderland, his favourite. He also acted. 

appeared in a wide range of 
American and foreign plays, 
from Shakespeare to Chekhov 
and Brecht.. 

While acting 81 the Cleve- 
land Playhouse in 1935, Da 
Silva- di rected Iris first produc- 
tion, the radical one-act play, 
H airing, for Lefty . by Gifford 
Odets, at the Cleveland 
People’s Theatre. 

His independence of mind 

His recnals of Mark Twain, -j 
Sbofotn Aleichem and Che- ^ 
fcftov mere especially popular. 
He co-authored and played in 
srvgal plays, of lesser note. 
iboi$h his own play. Zulu and. 
the Zayda (1965), basal bn a 
story by Dan Jacobson, and 
set in South Africa, was the 
touching tale of an elderly Jew. 
and his Mack manservant. 

His film and TV careers 

explained his penchant for date from 1936. He will be 
radical dramatists such as remembered for his roles to 

Engineer BnmdT,: Flight Urateftant P 
C Emmett PHd- Flying Officec* A W 
'HOW BEd. K J Broome r, « 

aalderoorw BEd- K J Broome r. « 
oramger BSc. K W M HID BSt, R J 

erine. youngest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs J.H. Hum. of Kenley. 


Sir Geoffrey .Allen. FRS. Direct 

lor of research and engineering. 
Unilever Emeritus Professor B. 
G. Neal. FEng. formerly of 
Imperial College: Baroness 
Waniock. Mistress of Girton 
Collie. Cambridge; Sir Toby 
Weaver. Governor of Imperial 
College: and Professor Dorothy 
Wedderburu. Principal of the 
Royal Holloway and Bedford 
New College, London Univer- 

Mr Henry J.Humberstone. for- 
merly foreman drain cleaner ai 
Imperial College, has been 
elected to an associalestaip of the 


Dr Nicholas John Kusznir. lec- 
turer in geophysics ai Keele 
University, has been appointed 
lo the chair of geophysics. 
The title of visiting professor 
has been conferred on Dr 
J.Barrie Ward, director of the 
microbiology division at Glaxo 
Group Research, Greenford, 

Association at Consulting 

Mr K.W. Whimster, Chairman 
of the Association of Consulting 

‘Construction, was the guest of Engineers, presided 

. honour at a dinner given by tbe 
National House-Building Coun- 
cil at the Inn on the Park last 
night to present the UK Pride in 
the Job awards. Mr Andrew 
Tail, chairman, and Mr Basil 
Bean, director-general, were 
among those who spoke. 

association's annual dinner held 
last night at the Hilton hotel. 
Park Lane. He responded to the 
toast to the association made by 
Lord Young of Graffham, Sec- 
retary of State for Employment 
and Lord Howie of Troon 
replied to the toast to the guests. 

Manser. PJ R McGeougft. BP Mow 
BSc. G H Parker BA. J Soartswick SSc 

and Mi 

WRAF\A G Tan BSc. C WrtW BSc. 
PUOI Offtccn D Kirby BSc. 1 M A 
(Or* wood BSc, M T PoweD BSc. • 

Mr J.RA. Livingstone 
and Miss ICHflf-Smith 

Supply Branch- PUoi Officers f 
BTMtlhUrtl ! BA. L A L Ooughtcy BA 
WRAF. A J Davison esc. A P Gorton. 
Acung Pilot Officer R M Siobart. 
Admltitstraffvp Branch i Secretarial* 
FUring Officer l H smm MA. PUo* 
Officer O Foy BSc WRAF. Pilot 
Officer C L Smith 8A WRAF. Acting 
PUoi Officer P A Martin. 
Aminmrarlve Branch (EducsOon); 

and Miss iLHSKSinith 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs M.G. Livingstone,- of 
Godden Green, Seven oaks, and i 

Odets (he appeared to the 
Group Theatre’s Golden Boy 
on Broadway in 1937),- and 
other sotio-critical works, 
suchas Abe Lincoln in Illinois 
(I939K Tin the RKO film 
verson , of which he was to 

both versions of The (Treat 
Garsby (1949 and 1974) and 
The Outcasi (1964), as well as 
to The Lost Weekend and Two 
Years Before The Mast , that 
won him two nominations for 
Academy Awards. . . 


His Honour judge George 

F«flM Lieutenants J M Kllwv BSc. M 
WltkliKon BA nytiw Officers S M 

WirKInson BA flytiw Officers S M 
Urdw BSc. 8 R Teller -SWlUl BSc. L 
CaUecwy BA WRAF. 

AdminMratlve Branch (Physical 
EducaUonl: PUoi Officer S M Bunce 

AOmmistrattve Branch fCalertnoJ: Pt. 
to officers J Good BSc WRAFT D L 
Morrts BA. 

Srcurlly Branch (Regiment): Pool 
Officer C R Smith ba 
M euicai jrwft iMemori SecwartalV 
Flying Officer N j Qulncey. 

Katie, second daughter oLMr. Milnw Hii*d nn m 

and Mrs R. HiU-Smith. of Fetouaiy 14, 

Goddards, Widford, Hertford- _ ■ . , . ' 

shire. Bom on January 1 1, 1927, 

Memorial Service 


Viscount Daveotry 
The Speaker was represented by 
Sir raul Dean. MP, Deputy 
Speaker, at a memorial service 
for Viscount Davemry held at St 
Margaret's. Westminster, yes- 
terday. Canon Trevor Beeson 
officiated. Mr Charles Musker, 
grandson, read t he lesson, and 
the Hon Mrs Amelia JesseL 
daughter, read “A Dream of 
Sleep” by Olivia FitzRoy. Com- 
mander Sir Michael Culme- 





W M St 




■ JT- 





(lit Urgi sues! Sapna Llidilw 

FULlBCmailE HR C0» «IP£12S) 

(tor £625* 



GBnSaffB’SKM JACKETS Kff £225 



SafePtiCB £6if* 

SllVEH HR C0AIS RRP f 4950 

SalePrta £2350” 


Saeftiz £495* 


t47 Cromwell Read, London SW5. Teh 01-370 4200 

{Soar Gbacatar Road UodarpniRii) 

SATURDAY 22 nd SUNDAY 23«p FEBRUARY 9iJ0ani-53flfHn Dafly 

Goddards, Widford, Hertford- 
shire. • • 

Mr JS. McCulloch 
and Miss JX. Williams 
The engagement is announced 
between James, son of Mrs Ann 
McCuDoch and tbe late Mr Max 
McCulloch, of Melton Ross, 
Lincolnshire, and Joanne, youn- 
ger daughter pf Dr and Mrs 
Brian Williams.. ofSneyd Park, 

Mr T. Maunder 
and Miss D. Davies 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, only son of 
Mrs Kathleen Maunder and tbe 
late Mr Sydney Maunder, of 
Smithfidd Road. Streat, Somer- 
set, and Deborah, youngest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs David 
Davies, of “Brodkside", 
JLianwame, Herefordshire. 

Dr W.R. NeOsan 
and Miss F.CJD. Simpsoo 
Tbe eng^ement is announced 
between William Roberts, youn- 
ger son of Mr and Mrs W. 
Neil son. of Maidstone, Kent, 
and Fiona Caroline Done, eider 
daughter of Commander and ; 
Mrs Alex Simpson, of i 
Woo Hah ra, Sydney. 

Mr D.G. Pad ley 
and Miss MX. Porter 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between David George, eider 
son of Mr and Mrs G.W. Padiey. 
or Eslaforde House, East Road, 
Sleaford, Lincolnshire, and 
Maxine Elizabeth, only daugh- 
ter of Mr and MraJ.E. Porter, of 
Barn Farm, Low fields, 
Navenby, Lincoln. 

he was educated at Tadcaster 
Grammar School and Sdwyn 
College, Cambridge. After two 
years in the navy he was called 
to the Bar in 1951 by Lincoln's 
Inn. • 

He became a pupil, of Mr 
(later Judge) Gilbert Leslie to 
Sheffield, and remained -for 
the whole of his career at the 
Bar in the same chambers, 
where he built up a good 
practice which increased when 
he succeeded to Leslie’s 
coalmine work. 

In 1972 he was one of the 
first counsel to be appointed a 
recorder of the crown court, 
and two years later he became 
a circuit judge. 

He bad arranged to move to ^ 
Devon from County Durham, 
Miere he sal to the crown and 
county courts, and on Febru- 
ary 14 was about to sit for the 
last time in the North, when- 
he collapsed and died at the 
Stockton County Court. 

lie leaves a widow and two ' 

Barbara Lady Buchanan, 
widow of Sir Charles Buchan* 
an, Bt, died on February 10. . 
She was the daughter of 
Lieutenant-Colonel the Right 
Hon Sir George Stanley and 
Lady Beatrix Tayiourand was 
married in 1932. Her husband 
died to 1984. 

She was a past President of 
the Notts branch of the British 
Red Cross. 






Science report 

Wheat grains in Sweden’s petrol 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

In spite of the publicized use 
of sugar cane in Brazil as a raw 
material for the production of 
motor fneL the economics of 
growing crops for todnstriai 
purposes Is generally dis- 
missed as uneconomic. 

Conventional wisdom is that 
energy topnt to the form of 
machinery, fertilizers and pes- 
ticides is almost certain to 
exceed the value of tbe output. 
Grain, for example, could not 
be sold profitably at a price 
that would compete with that 
of fossil fuels. 

In Sweden, however, a plant 
producing ethanol from wheat 
has been operating on the 
shores of Lake Vanern for over 
a year. Some 50 garages in the 
Stockholm area are <pHmg ' 

petrol which contains 6 par 
cent wheat-based ethanol. 

The attraction of ethanol is 
that it improves the octane 
rating of petrol and so reduces 
the need for lead additives. A 
progressive reduction to lead 
additives is the subject of EEC 
legislation, which Britain is 
pledged to follow. ~ 

Even without the stimulus of 
EEC support prices, Sweden 
shares the same problem of 
surplus grain production, (n 
1984 the wheat harvest was 
some seven milfion tonnes, 
fearing a surplus for disposal 
of nearly two million tonnes. 

The ethanol plant can hard- 
ly be said to have made much 
of a dent ia tbe Doantato. Its 

present capacity to 30,000 
tonnes of wheat a year, from 
which it produces 6,000 cubic 
metres of ethanoL and plans to 
buOd a larger plant with a 
150,000 tonne capacity have 
been, shelved. Althoagh . the 
operation , makes a small prof- 
it, tbe return to .not large 
enough to repay tbe capital 

Tumbling oil prices have 
further redneed the prospects 
for todnstriai crops in- the 
immediate future. But the 
Swedish plant also produces a 
number of marketable byprod- 
ucts, including carbon dioxide, 
starch and a high protein 
animal feed, and the combina- 
tion could m due course attract 
greater interest 


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all in a 

There are two types of British Slfll (15) 
television comedy, one which 1C A 

assumes that the audience has ~ A - 

the educational attainment of 

Crazy Family (18) 

the andience has been so Metro 1 

chronically over-educated that — — — 

*t will howl with relief at aw & „ 

fevke which employs the con- AgneS 01 UOfl (15) 

Odeon Haymarket J 

Into the latter category. 

.It sap wteadedjote abort Mr Love (PG) 

E«£“ 4&*£5 *Si Warner West End 

were forced to study 

p?Sxt 0V rf ’ .5! Since the onset of martial law 

■mder that Jr^^kem^re! 1611 f° kn £!? adi?g 61,11 direcIors 

onaae^ieare. have become increasingly no- 
Someone without this level raadic, taking themselves 
of sophistication wdkU find wherever money and conse- 
notiui^ganmsir^iiitbesfcfataf nihl projects beckon, keeping 

Cinema: Geoff Brown reviews new releases 
m London, David Robinson at the Berlinale 

Touching achievement 

for an industry in peril 

Year of the Oui*?t l^®y adopt a critical tone; and moralized, frightened society 

o ^ Z a nns si's film certainly con- when* hn»nH. tnm anH Invo 

they adopt a critical tone; and 
Zanussi's film certainly con- 
tains sequences likely to of- 
fend the easily-offended. One 
scene shows the heroine's 
home viciously ransacked by 
Communist mischief-makers. 
The film, at any rate, has been 
little seen within Poland. 

Like Wajda in Damon and 
A Love in Germany ; Zan»»w 
uses his period setting as a 
cloak to disguise a harsh 
commentary on Poland today. 
Corruption and cruelty run 
rife through the film's ravaged 
nook of Europe — previously 
part of Germany, but now 
held by Poland and filled with 
settlers scraping a new life 

1 *«< 

. '""‘I!. 

v iTtSs 


ro vote 
close w 

nothing amusing in the sight of oral prospects beckon, keeping 
Glonana s pendent pearl ear- channels open with European 
rings swinging with histrionic friends. Andrzej Wajda’s re- 
abandon, or in the spectacle of cent films have been made in 
actors in puffy shorts striking France and Germany- the 
poetic attitudes while discuss- present film by Krzysztof 
ing each other’s insecurities. Zanussi, Year of the Quiet 
The comedy derives from Sot, is a Polish-German- 
dressing contemporary atti- American coproduction, 
tildes in Elizabethan finery This eloquent drama about 
and satirizing the Errol Flynn impossible love struggling to 
heroics which Hollywood add- flower in the months after the 
ed to this period's mythology. SecondWorld War was filmed 
In last night’s episode the “ 1984 ujKier watchful Polish 
hero. Sir Edmond Bbdbulder ^ es, . Al . 6x51 authorities 
(Rowan Atkinson), has dearty fiH 11 ®. ^ P”?!®? harmless, 
progressed from the character ^ theirartrtnde changed 
of a double-dyed villain in 2? "2* eompteted 

which be made Ids first ap- ^S. JSjjrtJ??? Va?JCe 
pearance. He is now nunJya ^ 

rather sardonic courtier, who films, the authorities 

was ransomed from the dutch- ESSiJlS* .*5“ £ 
es of a more geninoe evil-doer, ^ estxva ^ Wtzes in the West if 
Ludwig the btdestractible, by 
his simpering monarch. This - 

was the second series of his There was a time when no fesl 
adventures and there seems was complete without its b< 
plenty of mileage remaning in threat, , but the custom seemec 
the idea. have died out over the last dec 

Yes. Prime Minister nmm ors0 ’ Bolin revived it howevei 
« rSETOTS gy showing of Reinhard Ha. 

The riot pc 

even greater information over- ms ?£ e . oms 

load. niohrTVnlLSp “* building, only to be outwittix 

mao, Last nights episode 

moralized, frightened society 
where bread, trust and love 
are equally scarce. His hand 
perhaps rafters in the cryptic 
epilogue, set in 1964, but Tear 
of the Quiet Sun remains a 
notable achievement for a 
national cinema in peril. 

Sogo Ishii's Crazy Family 
makes an interesting compan- 
ion-piece to last week’s The 
Empty Table. Both films deal 
with family break-ups; both 
lake serious issue with codes 
of behaviour in Japanese soci- 
ety. Their aesthetic strategies, 
however, are far different. In 
The Empty Table the veteran 
Kobayashi adopts the re- 
strained, classical “an house” 
manner, with beautiful com- 
positions and a controlled, 
slow pace, Ishii, not yet 30, 
opts instead for the brute force 

L Anatolia 

Elizabeth Hall 

&?P They ^ve manner, with beautiful com- 

^ httie expectation of happiness, positions and a controlled. 

”0- Zanussifocuses on twKtbe bhjj, mHa 30 

nadic, taking themselves widow Emilia,' her horizons opts imtead fanhe bruttforce 
nt ET ?^^ shnjpk to the daily ronnd of dieiSid S 

mal prospects beckon, keeping making do and caring for an frantic energy of youth. The 

ailing mother and the Ameri- script widevdo^ibya 
Ss? j *?■ *»“ “Wwr Norman, helping comic-strip artist, Yoshmori 
rj? made m with the war crune mvestiga- Kobayashi, andbe makes no 
2££? t Si Jte ttons, haunted by bis own past cmuxSK to cinema’s own 

vSr sn fe ulg i Nerther sp* 3 ** narrative tradition. As in the 

^^s iai^uage, but . they comics, the action is abrupt. 

mow towards a kinship of exaggerated, hurled in our 
^ung. Norman hopes for a feces frame after frame, while 
future together elsewhere; fete the family members are one- 

has other ideas. 

Maja Komorowska, a fre- 
quent player in Zanussi’s 
films, creates a moving por- 

dmiensional figures governed 
by obsessions (the range in- 
cludes material goods, educa- 
tion, feme and fortune. 

trait of a sensitive woman Japan’s imperial past, 
half-stunted try life. The white ants). 

American actor Scott Wilson, 
by contrast, is somewhat $tif£ 
though his manner befits a 
character forced to declare his 

Lest all this sounds tempt- 
ing, I should add a warning 
note. Crazy Family is a come- 
dy, but the amount of laughing 

love through interpreters. Be- matter is tiny. Only at the 
hind these two, Zanussi con- bizarre conclusion — when the 
streets a dishevelled, de- homeless family lives in bar- 

ren splendour on waste land — 
does the director show a firm 
hand and a visual eye. Else- 
where, he wades through his 
material with the same noisy 
abandon as the family’s father, 
who lays into his nearest and 
dearest with a pneumatic drill 
The director Nor man Jew- 
ison made his reputation with 
In the Heat of the Night, The 
Thomas Crown Amir and 
such — meretricious films with 
wide audience-appeaL Now he 
has retreated to sober ventures 
for the dwindling middlebrow 
market Like its predecessor^ 
Soldier’s Story . Agnes of God 
derives from a worthy Broad- 
way play, brimming with is- 
sues. Jewison’s screen 
treatment takes full advantage 
of the wintry setting — a 
Montreal convent — but the 
piece remains in essence a 
triangular talk-show between 
Agnes (the childlike novice 
who mysteriously gives birth). 

Coinciding with the official 
visit of the Turkish Prime 
Minister. ‘Jie leading Turkish 
actress Yildiz Renter is giving 
a one-woman show which 
celebrates the “indomitable 
spirit” of Anatolian woman- 
hood down the millenia. Ana- 
tolia is the historic name of 
Asian Turkey, the vast bulk of 
the modern state excluding 
the area this side of the 
Bosphorus to which the 
Greeks would like to bear 
gifts. It is a region of delectable 
| food and haunting landscapes 
(to quote the brochures); it is 
also a country where, despite 
Mr Turgut Orel's current 
mission to sanitize his inter- 
national image, political re- 
pression is rife. This point was 

Mn . » • . __ .... „ — i left to the leaflet-pushers out- 

Mtya Komorowska movingly sensitive m Year of the Quiet San, with Jerzy Stuhr side the theatre on Wednes- 

.kz» Tutr^Y^. C ^ t , day. Miss Renter, the “State 

the Mother Superior and a Southport, feeing 50 and anx- Actress” of 1981, contents 
woman psychiatrist trying to ious suddenly for love. The herself with a travelogue-style 
test Agnes s sanity. setting is indubitably British, pageant presenting scenes 

. 1 . *“ _ *ro™. flie and the budget decently slen- from the lives of 16 mythical 

Inqiuauon , the psychiatrist der. But Mr Love proves, not and historical heroines which 
says; And I am not from the for the first time, that small is stops short at 1922. 

Middle Ages , snaps Mother noi necessarily beautiful. Au- There certainly are some 
Miriam. So it goes on, tit for diences in the Fifties suffered remarkably spirited characters 
rat, _ scene upon scene - a a rash of piffling British on display: ihe fertility eod- 

ihe Mother Superior and a 
woman psychiatrist trying to 
test Agnes’s sanity. 

Southport, feeing 50 and anx- 
ious suddenly for love. The 
setting is indubitably British, 


l a am not from the and the budget decently slen- 
Incrui :?P 0 'r,’ ^ Psychiatrist der. But Mr Love proves, not 

Miaaie Ages , snaps Mother noi necessarily beautiful. Au- There certainly are some 
Miriam. So it goes on, tit for diences in the Fifties suffered remarirably spirited characters 
rat, _ scene upon scene — a a rash of piffling British on display: ihe fertility god- 
boxing match between faith comedies unduly proud of dess Cybcle; the ancient queen 
and reason. Anne Bancroft their regional flavour and of the Hittites Puduhepa (for 
gives a nery, rounded portray- whimsical humour, and the whom Miss Renter dons a 
at as the Mother Superior, disease is now sweeping golden crown and cracks a 
anxious to protect innocence through our current produc- bull-whip); King Midas's 
m a whonsh world, but Jane tion schedules. cheeky hairdresser (the one 

ronda turns the psychiatrist Time has brought some subject, in other words, who 
mto a humourless old stick, differences to the genre. The rumbled the secret of the ass's 

“ — " — “-t UU1I OLULUUlVD. 

Fonda turns the psychiatrist Time has brought some 
mto a humourless old stick, differences to the genre. The 
For the record, the father of script's sexual innuendos car- 
Agnes’s child - judging strict- ry a whiff of a more permis- 
ly by the visual evidence — sive age — a whiff, too, of the 

seems to be a dove. 

scriptwriter Kenneth 

Mr Love comes from David augh’s previous labours on 
Piranam s Enigma company. The Carry-On Book. The di- 

and bears all the hallmarks. 
Like the First Love television 

rector of this forlorn enter- 
prise is Roy Banersby. a 

rums, it tells of quirky emo- political radical quietly earn- 
tional attachments; the hero is ing some bread and butler. — 

municipal gardener 

There was a time when no festival 
was complete without its bomb 
threat, , but the custom seemed to 
have died out over the last decade 
or so. Berlin revived it however for 
the showing of Resnhard HaufPs 
St Mnmh e hn. when persons un- 
known threatened lo bomb the Zoo- 
Palast in protest The riot police 
appeared in force inside and outside 

German history looming large 

even greater information over- ?K a ^?- U1 u *** ““f 1 ? 
load. Last unit's episode ^ 0 Jetted by 

rSSTShS, t^p^un^wifopo^ 

Eddington and Nigel Haw- permeated the 

owm^briskiy mS a* the 

audience on thTap^opriate v »n«- The management 

ouKiifuiiimni nnriwTri^ have announced that only a com- 

thorne briskly filling in the 
audience on the appropriate 
constitutional practice k the 
kind of exchange which is 
nsnally restricted to the recap 
sequences in American soap 

With the numbers thus 
outlined, die colours could be 
applied to achieve the mnmal 
pk&sre of & Humphrey's 
Machiavellian manoeuvres to 
achieve his own ends. Statis- 
tics were carelessly- tossed 
around, suggesting that the 
Church of Ckgbwi adminis- 
ters assets of £1.6 billion, and 
that the ’job specification was 
less for a spiritual leader than 
a corpo ra te executive. 

There was a supp o siti on 
that the information conveyed 
about the practice of govern- 
ment is correct, but the infor- 
mation given about the theory 
behind that practice was not to 
be taken seriously. “Theology 
is a device for enabHng agnos- 
tics to stay in the Church”, 
explained Sir Humphrey. 
“The history of the world is 
the history of the triumph of 
the heartless over the 
mindless”, he axmonncefL 

At last a suitable man — 
closely resembling Terry 
Waite — was choseubnt there 
was stiD doubt that he was too 
eccentric. “It's one of those 
irregular verbs”, the junior 
civil servant observed: ?T have 
an independent mind, you are 
eccentric, he is round the 

plete renewal of the carpeting can 
eradicate the smelL 
The incident was all the odder 
since Stammheim has already 
opened in West Germany without 
undue incident It is a fairly sober 
dramatization of the trial of the 
Baader-Meinhof group in 1975, 
based on verbatim records and 
showing the courtroom confronta- 
tion of two elements each totally 
i n c a p able of. comp rehending the 


Hostile response 

German history figures large m 
this year’s festival. A quick count 
reveals no fewer than 20 fitm< 
concerned with Germany's role in 
the Second World War’— and that is 
without including the hundreds of 
films that are screened on the 
margin of the festival, in the film 

Nazi nostalgia reaches its nadir in 
The Beilin Affair, in which lilfana 
Cavani returns to the mixture of sex 
and fascism she dished up so . 

profitably in The Night Porter. 
Based on a Japanese novel. The 
Buddhist Cross by Junichiro 
Tanizaki, it is an absurd farrago 
about a demonic Japanese femme 
fatale and sex in the top diplomatic 
echelons of Iate-Thirties Germany. 
Gudrun Landgrebe struggles gamely 
to give a serious performance 
against all the odds of a ludicrous 
script and a cast of inept actors. 
_A different aspect of German 
history is treated with admirable 

freshness in the first feature film of 
Wieland Speck, a young German 
director who has previously made 
some creditable underground 
shorts. Westier is a romantic love- 
story of two young men, one from 
West Berlin and one from the East, 
and the obstacles to their meeting. 
Through this small personal story 
Speck tellingly demonstrates the 
cumulative effect of inhumanity 
and indignity in the rituals ofborder 
checks and searches. Rough, made 
on a shoestring and using 8mm 
clandestine footage shot in the East, 
it is a confident; touching, intelli- 
gent and promising work. - DJL 

bull-whip); King Midas's 
cheeky hairdresser (the one 
subject, in other words, who 
rumbled the secret of the ass's 
ears beneath his Phrygian 
cap); Andromache; Niobe; the 
Empress Theodora; the 
world's first woman historian, 
Anna Comnena. What a line- 

The monologues that con- 
vey these potted histories, 
written by Gungor Oilmen 
and translated by Talal Sait 
Hal man, would not, one can- 
not but think, make a particu- 
larly riveting read. The artistic 
purpose of the evening is 
surely to give a mature and 
widely experienced player the 
opportunity to rehearse her 
portfolio of acting techniques. 
One is left feeling that it would 
be interesting to see her in a 
real play. 

• George Cole is currently 
appearing at the Duchess in A 
Moruh of Sundays, which I 
reviewed under its original 
title The First Sunday in Every 
Month when it opened at the 
Nuffield Southampton. 

Martin Cropper 

■* ■ 

• ;V.: : | 


Three Sisters 
Royal, Bristol 

Launching the Bristol Old 
Vic’s fortieth anniversary sear 
son, Paul Unwin’s production 
sports some ' leading names 
mid passages of memorably 

truthful acting; none of which 
compensates for its confusing- 
ly over-simplified approach to 
the play. 

Mr Unwin has rightly noted 
that one of its kev elements is 
indifference. With the excep- 
tion of Natasha, the only 
character who achieves any- 
thing, the rest of the house- 
hold shrug off their defeats 
and frustrations by affecting 

deserves Alwyne Taylor's 
treatment as a buxom, monu- 
mentally self-satisfied matron 
whom Andrei would never 
have fallen for in the first 

Where such schematic loy- 
alties do not impose them- 
selves, the play spring 
resiliently hade to life: as 
where the sisters tease 
Chebutikhin about his unpaid 
rent (very refreshing and en- 
tirely just to treat this as a 
family job:), or pursue the 
fleeing Andrei to haul him 
back into the party. 

With no sign of excess fat or 
mental lethai^y, Tony Robin- 
son is a startling Andrei, but it 
makes good sense to see him 



Min i UUMldUDjB Uj OUCUU1I5 

not to care. Chekhov supplies ® sharp, bird-like creature, 
th em with a cboric tine ren- ca^fiht in a disgusiing trap but 

dered in Richard Cottrell’s 
translation as ^Tt's all the 

uau&utiKH] a a us *ui uic — — 

same, anyway”; a Hne one childhood gar 

comes to dread as .it means old nurse. Paul M _ „ 

that the action will grind to a uninteresting Vershinin, nota- 
hait to give it sledgehammer hie only for his' extreme 
emphasis. At the end, Che- wntempt for the 
butikin even puts his newspa- he makes a Stuns 

still capable of making wily 
escapes to town and keeping 
up childhood games with his 
old nurse. PauiMoriarty is an 
uninteresting Vershinin, nota- 

Celia Brayfield 


Monday M MraiyUOpa 



■ad Onto Salat 

per down and barks the fine 
straight to the house; 

. At the same time the perfor- 
mance take* note of the 
characters’' coexisting 
passions. But its way of han- 
dling these is to play them full 
out with no thought of the 
subtext. To choose one per- 
haps unfairly glaring example 
from Act Ilk when Natasha 
pa sre through with -a H ghtwi 
candle, and Masha says 'it 
looks as if she started the firfc, 

Olga (Jin Brasangton) instant- — ~ 

ly snaps. “You’re stupkr. Donmar Warehouse 

SuCh a hostile response would - — 

n* central pnsence in Tom 
S2J 0 -' '“SSJt Murphy’s new play is that of 
the almost bedridden grand- 
moflier rising up from her nest 
^sheets and bolster to repeat 
w ' much ■ “ e yet again the tale she has told a 
narrative line. hundred times, a thousand 

The sense, of watching iso- times. She has told it nightly, 
la ted figures rather than a for years, with all the 
group is intensified by the raconteur’s mania for minute 
judgemental quality of the detail, so that her two stricken 
playing. It has been decided granddaughters have long 
that some characters are more known the major part of it by 
sympathetic than others. So bean. 

CheUiov’s ill-favoured, insf- But, as we. gradually sur- 
fectualBqrop becomes a force- mise, il is that short part of ti 
fill and upstanding idealist in that they do not know, be* 
the hands of Robert Hickson; cause Mommo has always 
and Peter ‘ Copley’s Che- shied off the conclusion, 
butikhin combines espies- pleading- tiredness, sinking 
stons of indifference with down, pulling the covers over 
growls of hostility when deal- her head— it is that constantly 
mg with the'supremeJy dishke- omitted final outcome that is 
able Sohpny ofMartin Climes, the crucial deiail And, by the 
On tfic night of the fire, refusal of its entry to her tale, 
Chebutikhin even approaches to her memory, lo the colfec- 
tbe wash-basin with blood up tive memory of the family, ail 
to hiselbowsas.ifhe has been three surviving members of it 
working wjth the casualties; are maimed, 
whereasth'e point of the; sceije Literary analysts and stu- 

is to. show that he tnroed-his dents -of. structure can no 
back on ihe disaster and got doubt write their theses on 
dnink. As for poof Natasha; ■ aspects of this exceptionally 
vith afl bff . feults^ shc Jiflrdly. interesting play. The tdling of 

contempt for the Baron. But 
he makes a fittingly unattain- 
able partner for Harriet 
Walter’s Masha, a perfor- 
mance of incurably restless 
energy and malign watchful- 
ness, recoiling in nausea from 
her husband’s touch and view- 

SiobMn McKenna: a mind- 
gripping achievement as 
Mommo in Boilegangeire 

a tale as the ancestor of drama. 
The tale as memory, memory 
as therapy. But what is so 
immediately rewarding is the 
dramatic charge of the occa- 
sion — delivered primarily by 
Siobh&n McKenna’s mind- 
gripping achievement as 

like the reaction of most of 
the wedding guests to the 


Festival fefl 

Mahler’s Sixth Symphony, the 
most savagely pessimistic of 
the whole cycle, exposes weak- 
nesses in tire most experienced 
orchestras. But the Young 
Musicians Symphony Orches- 
tra exists precisely to stretch 
its budding professionals, and 
they emerged from this 90- 
minute ordeal with distinc- 

I listened particularly close- 
ly to the upper strings, partly 
because the Sixth gives them 
greater domination over the 

Songmakers 9 


Wigmore Hall 

Gounod’s stormy liaison with 
the formidable Mrs Georgina 
Weldon gave the Songmakers’ 
Almanac another excuse for 
some satin-trimmed musical 
voyeurism. The titiilation 
crept even beyond the grave: 

w'nd chorus than in earlier daily to the cross-string ap- 
Manjer symphonies, but poggiaturas which so fie- 

James Blair kept his huge 

j^ be^gofitacunSi ^T^^rviolS Jg “iToX'S 

but what the stiings sensibly {soraeSJhei? between 
TO!? ovi f 3UU ^ chiefly lacked was basic pow- Solti and Horensiein) and 
occasionally did the drawing the Andante to a 

ing orchestral suing players, er. Only occasionally did the 
In general these students were bows bite with passion, 
impressively neat, unified and 

tuneful, even under the pres- ^E lsewh ere there were plenty 
sure of altitude. The ravishing pf extroverts at large. The 
Andante tune was played with horns whooped audaciously 
much tonal refinement and an ri mostly successfully. The 
there was (as far as one could trombones and tuba negotiat- 
judge) little fudging of the ^ their nightmare ending 
fiendish semiquaver rushes and the woodwind’s 

underlying the great brass ensemble and intonation went 
outbursts. awry only in the Scherzo, 

... perhaps through over-emhusi- 

littie more risk-taking astic emphasis on grotesque 

would have added spice, espe- elements. 

tainment would have us be- 
lieve — gloried in her 
megalomaniacal matemalism 
oyer Gounod. He, in return, 
did bis bit for the posturing 
paternalism of bis age: his 
setting of Lord Houghton’s 
salon obsequy for David Liv- 
ingstone, “The swarthy fol- 
lowers stood aloof unled. 
unfathered!”, lived up to ex- 
pectation, and so did Martyn 
Hill’s performance. The piece 

r - —J — o ■» pwiiwuiouw, UIE U1CVC 

we had the pleasure of hearing was, apparently, written on 
one of the poems the dead the beach at St Leonards. 

too, was the characteristically 
thorough search and sifting: 
we heard Gounod at his most 
Gallic in “A toi mon coeur", 
at his most heroic in 
“Jerusalem”; we heard, 
among the rarely performed 
English songs, his scented 
transformation of Long- 
fellow's “The Arrow and the 

But the evening seemed 
unusually threadbare. Muri- 

el rawing the Andante to a 
glorious late flowering after a 
rather cool start. The Scherzo 
and introduction to the Finale 
were less convincingly man- 
aged, but once the music came 
under the hammer the orches- 
tra played with ever-increas- 
ing conviction. What elec- 
trifying hammer-strokes they 
were. too. more than compen- 
sating for some peculiarly 
clanking cowbells earlier. 

Richard Morrison 

cally it was less than satisfy- 
ing: for all their earnest role- 
playing, neither Felicity 
Palmer. Patricia Rozario nor 
Stephen Varcoe are natural 
Gounod singers. Only the 
most joyously idiomatic of 
performances, perhaps, could 
make endurable all those end- 
less tantrums and tittle-tattle 
from Tavistock House. 

Hilary Finch 

Gounod dictated to a certain 
Charlotte who, for a sum. 

Quite properly it was the 
compilation, not the perform- 

. ' UWL UIW JSVlXUft 4*1- 

would so turn pass them on to ing, which did the sending up 
Georgina. *- ■ 

Sjy’B.SLKS Ji °. .‘r 11 ^ sponse to the first part of her 
anoe abandoned such delu- ^ „ gbzed with JSiic. One 

Johnson was, for once, absent 

since abandoned such delu- 

Irving Wardle 

able Sbfipny nfMartin Chutes. 
On the Wght of the fire, 
Chebutikhin even approaches 

has known that crazed eye in 
life, that gabbling tongue end- 
lessly circling some point. 
There is something witchlike 
about her trembfing fingers, 
her sidelong glances as site 
speaks now to the quih, now 
to the flow, speaking from 
some long-unspeakable past: ; 
the night of a fair, a decent i 
stranger and his decent lady, 
and a laughing contest that led 
to tragedy. 

The booms and cackles of 
her laughter, the invention 
and variety of tone that enable 
her to people the remembered 
scene, all are conjured up in 
her unstrained, unfaltering 

Mommo’s elder grand- 
daughter, once a nurse, insists 
that the tale be finished, and 
so the ptey closes in a scene of 
reconciliation and hope. Ma- 
rie Mullen presents an intense 
performance in this role and, 
as her over-fertile sister, Mary 
McEvoy gives strong support 

The dialogue is grimly fun- 
ny, laughing at the tragedy of 
existence. “What use is man?” 
Mommo asks. “What utility 
the earwig?” The sense of life 
flowing and turning is con- 
veyed so powerfully in Garry 
Hynes's direction that the 
play, fresh from its premiere 
ra i Galway, genuinely earns the 
cliche tag of an unforgettable 


Jeremy Kingston 

When not busy modelling his mastery of ceremonies was 
for Pearssoap. crusading for missed, but Clifford Benson’s 
law reform, running her or- piano-playing, with its mirac- i 
phanage or spending time in ulously varied approach to 
Holloway, Mrs Weldon - or Gounod’s “oom-pom-poms”, 
so Graham Johnson's ente r- was greatly appreciated. So, 

Sadler's Wells 
is to London what 
music is to dance ... 

The Perfect Partner! 

Enjoy Running dance partnered with a gloi ious 
variety erf music in three new shows tnom New Vbrk 

American Ballroom Theatre with 
The Pasadena Roof Orchestra jot 

Evokes memories of Fred Aslaire ^ JPff*” 

and Ginger Rogers artheir best. 


Rosalind Newman flHk flHHSu 
and Dancers 

Expressive dance to music 
horn Vivaldi toBuddy Hoi I v 


BEAUTY' ChxiCD Sun Time* I 

Bffl T Jones, Amie ZaneJBISj^^^pJlgr ^t^; 
and Company 

A virtuoso programme of OTp M 
dance and humour 


performance jflr S W 

TO MARVEL AT' >«**«, «ftui tJSt M L I 

‘One of the great comic geniuses 
of my lifetime”^s^s: 


^ THE j! 

“A treat of a production” 


rvi.^illHiS. vip.m. M41ineES IHjyiCSOA>«r sATL'KIMV S.Opni 

Music Network 

new music' 
cn tour . 


Sadler's WeHs Theatre 

Boot Office 01-2^8916 (5 fried 






14-fnecc Anglo-American Jazz Band 

ttfrl 26 Fib 7 JO pm LONDON, 1-npw, HaU 01-397 Q6S 

Thur 27 Feb IL60 pm SOUTHAMPTON, Alourahotm Theomr 07Q3-32M1 

Frt 38 Feb 7 JO pm MANCHESTER, Koyil Northern Coljqj: « Muse 061-273 4 5M 

Sat I Mar &D 0 pm BTRAUNGHAM, Triaqde Aru Cemre 02I-3W3O79 

Sun 2 Mar 7J0poi LEICESTER, Hiytsarkd Tbcaae 0533-539797 

Mm 3 Mar !L&:‘ pm COVENTRY, Am Centre, Umvenit]- of 'Ttrwui Q20mi74i7 

* Mar&IB pm SHEFFIELD. Ladnod O7U-r54S00 

Sh S Mar M0 i*n SOUTHPORT, Am Ceubc 0704-K»ll 

Sun 0 Mm- anj pm LEEDS, One Thotrc 0532-46M53 

Wed 12 Mar am pu NEWCASTLE, Reopk'i TTwme 0632-32U56 

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‘.'a • • • 







FT 30 Share 
1233.2 (-1.9) 

1492.1 (+0.7) 


114^9 (- 0 . 1 7 ) 


US dollar 
1.4520 (-0.0055) 

W German mark 

3.3483 (+0.0041) 


74.7 (+0.2) ' 


The index of longer teadijig 
indicators of the British econ- 
omy fell from 106. 1 in Decem- 
ber to 104.8 in January, and 
the shorter leading index from 
97.7 to 96.4. 

These are supposed to indi- 
cate directions tor the econo- 
my up to 18. months and six 
months ahead respectively, 
but the Central Statistical 
Office says they are at present 
too volatile to give a dear 
indication of economic pros- 

The coincident index 
dipped from 917 to 911 in 
January, indicating a slight 
slowdown in the economy. 

Date fixed for 
gilts switch 

Official business in the gilt 
market will be handled by a 
new dealing operation in the 
gilt-edged division of the Bank 
of England from dose of 
business on March 21. 

Mr lam Plenderldth, head of 
the division, will have overall 
responsibility for the new 
operation and becomes assis- 
tant director at the bank 

Tempos, page 19 

Menvier-Swain, which de- 
signs and manufactories emer- 
gency lighting and fire 
alarm products from its base 
in Banbnry, Oxfordshire, 
intends to enter the Unlisted 
Securities Market via a 
placing sponsored by J Henry 
Schroder Wagg in March. 

The broker to the issue is 
Phillips and Drew. 

French record 

The CAC Index of .French 
shares surged to its highest- 
ever level of 306.7 points 
yesterday, from the previous! 
peak of 3016 set on Wednes- 

SE service 

Barclays and NMW Com- 
puters are at an advanced 
stage in discussions on form- 
ing a joint company to pro- 
vide settlement and dealing 
services for stockbrokers trad- 
ing on the Stock Exchange 
The new company is expected 
to be operational well before 
October 27, the planned day 
for the big bang. 

Canal stake 

Highams, the private com- 
pany of Mr John Whittaker, 
the' chairman of Peel Hold- 
ings, has increased its stake in 
the Manchester Ship Canal 
Company to give it 27 per cent 
of the voting rights. The 
company recently said that it 
had no plans for a takeover 

BOC advance 

BOC the industrial gases, 
health care and carbon group, 
made pretax profits of £37.9 
million for tire three months 
to December 31, up from £33 
million. Turnover improved 
from £533.6 million to £5516 

Temjras, page 19 

Tower plan 

plans to redevelop the Daily 
Telegraph site in Fleet Street J 
have narrowly won the ap- 
proval of the City of London 
Corporation's planning com- 
mittee. Rothesay Develop- 
ments wants to build a 
342,000 sq ft tower block on 
the site. 

Coca-Cola bid 

Coca-Cola said it has 
reached a preliminary agree- 
ment to acquire Dr Pepper, 
the American soft drinks com- 
pany. from Foretmann Little 
and senior managers of Dr 
Pepper for $470 million (£320 
million), including payment 
of about SI 70 million of Dr 
Pepper’s debts. 

BP defends petrol prices 
despite record profits 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

BP yesterday announced 
record Profits of £1.6 billion 
and defended its decision not 
to cut prices at tire petrol 
pumps more quickly. 

The announcement came 
against a background of tum- 
bling world oil prices and 
pressure on ofi companies to 
reduce petrol prices. 

Most of the improved prof- 
its came from what the indus- 
try ■describes as “downstream” 
operations — converting crude 
oil into products such as 
petrol, home heating oil, plas- 
tics, detergents and chemicals. 

• Sir Peter Walters, tire chair- 
man, said that the return on 
BPs investments in re fining 
operations were “about tire 
right level”. 

Sir Peter said: “Looking 
ahead to 1986 our exploration 
and production business will 
generate lower profits to the 
extent that erode oil prices are 
generally lower in 1986 com- 
pared with 1985. 

“However, the impact will 
be moderated because of tax 

rates in the UK. In the short 

term, lower feedstock (crude 
oil) prices may also benefit 
other oil r efining , marketing 
and chemicals businesses”. 

- Mr David Kendall head of 
BPs refining operations, said 
that a3 now passing through 
the refineries to be turned into 
petrol had often been bought 
.six weeks in advance. 

BP also said that for five 
years profits on selling petrol 
had been virtually non exis- 
tent and defended maki n g a 
return for its investments 
when it could. 

Overall profits would have 
been even better Last year, but 
the company wrote off £929 
million on restructuring its 
A m erican subsidiary Sohio, 
and its chemicals and coal 

The company is also up- 
grading valuations on the oil 
reserves that it soil plans to 

fllthp jigh 

were in danger 



Sir Pieter: retain on invest- 
ment about right” 

develop, despite the fell in oil 
prices, to bring them into tine 
with other companies’ valua- 

The -heal of tire company's 
exploration division said that 
development plans had been 
drawn up in October on the 
basis of an oil price of $25 per 
barrel and would now need to 

be reviewed, 
being cancelled. 

The detailed profit figures 
of BP underline the remark- 
able turn round in the profit- 
ability of the petrol refining 
and sales operations. 

After years of low returns 
petrol sates have made sub- 
stantial profits because of 
felling crude prices and, BP 
says, the cut in manpower at 

BPs exploration operating 
profits rose 3 per cent to £1.4 

The company’s oil trading 
operations made significantly 
improved profits and BP Gas 
increased its profit margins by 
one third to £129 million. 

BP Chemicals maintained 
its profitability at £67 million, 
although operations in miner- 
als cancel that out with a loss 
of £67 million. 

However, profits on coal 
rose to their highest ever at 
£28 million and Sohio con- 
tributed £814 million 

Slow growth hits dollar as 
Baker urges deficit cut 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

The dollar dropped sharply 
in nervous trading yesterday 
as dealers digested news of 
dower-than-expected growth 
in tire US economy late last 
year and attempted to recon- 
cile conflicting statements by 
lop administration officials 
over the direction of exchange 

US Commerce Department 
officials disclosed yesterday 
that real gross national prod- 
uct in the final quarter of last 
grew by only 1:2%, just 
that forecast, asa resultof 
sbarper-than-expected rise 
in tire trade deficit. Net US 
exports dropped by $14.2 
billion in the fourth quarter 
instead of tire estimated $7.8 

The latest figures were re- 
leased even as Mr James 
Baker, the Treasury Secretary, 
appeared on Capitol Hill for a 
second day of Congressional 
testimony in which he urged 
Congress to cut sharply the 
$200 bOfion budget deficit to 
allow mare leeway in setting 
monentary policy. 

Mr Baker said under ques- 
tioning that be believed tire 
US Federal. Reserve Board, 
which acts as a central bank, 
would have more room to ease 
monetary policy if the budget 
deficits were reduced. Mr 
. Baker has been arguing for an 
easier money policy and a 
lower dollar to reduce the US 
trade deficit which remains a 
- blight on tire economy. 

The Treasury Secretary 
spoke before testimony by Mr 
Paul Volcker, the Federal 
Reserve Board chairman, who 
indicated on Wednesday that 
he was not anxious to ease 
credit further because he 
feared the -dollar's recent 
plunge could become unman- 

Markets reacted strongly 
that comment taking it as a 
sign that neither credit nor US 
interest rates would be eased 
short term. In addition, the 
statements were regarded as a 
strong signal that the dollar 
would have an important 
impact on US monetary poli- 
cy in the months ahead. Mr 
Volcker believes the dollar has 
dropped far enough. 

Rank buys 

; By Our CHy Staff 

English China Clays has 
sold its leisure division com- 
prising HL Holdings and its 
subsidiary Haven to Rank 
Holdings, a subsidiary of 
Rank Organisation, for £37.5 
million cash. 

Haven operates 16 self- 
catering holiday parks in tire 
United Kingdom trading as 
Haven Holidays and 388 
boats on the French canals 
and Norfolk Broads trading as 
Blue Line Cruisers. It also 
markets holidays in France 
and Spain under tire names of 
Haven Abroad and Haven 

Net assets were £34 million 
at September 30 and Haven's 
operating profit for 1984-1 985 
was £3.76 milli on on a turn- 
over of £20.82 million. 

Proceeds of the sale of 
Haven will be used to promote 
the growth of the core business 

UK bank near to 
Docklands deal 

By Judith Hnntley, CommerdaJ Property Correspondent 

One of Britain's big four 
clearing banks is to take a 
significant amount of space in 
the 10 million sq ft financial 
sendees centre planned for 
Canary Wharf in London’s 

Mr G Ware Travelstead, 
who is spearheading the devel- 
opment for the consortium of 
foreign banks involved in the 
£1 bution project, said yester- 
day that the deal would be 
announced within the next 
few days. But the scheme still 
hinges on the Docklands Light 
Railway now being built from 
the Isle of Dogs enterprise 
zone, which contains Canary 
Wharfi to Tower Hill in the 
City of London. 

The consortium, which in- 
cludes Credit'Suisse and First 
Boston with Morgan Stanley 
as a prospective tenant, in- 
tends spending about £74 
million to extend the rafl link 

to Mansion House next to the 
Bank of England. The project 
will not go ahead unless this 
extension is approved by Par- 

Mr Ware Travelstead, of 
First Boston Real Estate, says 
that Canary Wharf will be 
financed on 15-year fixed 
interest money, and that occu- 
piers wffi be offered a 15-year 
lease with no rent reviews 
along American lines. 

He has yet to sign the 
agreement to buy the 71-acre 
freehold site from the London 
Docklands Development Cor- 
poration but he says that will 
be done once the rail exten- 
sion is approved. 

The consortium says it has 
occupiers for 4 million soft of 
its development from arms 
which cannof find the right 
kind of space in the Square 
Mile ahead of big bang. 

EEC may check Japan’s imports 

Britain will pres 
eeting of EEC foreign minis- 
ters for regular monitoring of 
Japan’s progress towards 
opening its. markets to ex- 
ports. Mr Alan Clark. Minister 
for Trade, said yesterday. 

He said that the EEC was 
keen on setting an import 
target, against which the liber- 
alization of the Japanese mar- 
ket could be measured. 
Japan’s action programme is 
supposed to tackle such bani- 

By Michael Prest, financial Correspondent 
atihenexi ers to imports as tariffs, ested for some time in bring- 

quotas, public sector pur- 
chases, and import promo- 

Mr Clark said that be would 
like to look at ways in which 
decisions to fund exports un- 
der, the Aid for Trade Provi- 
sion, which comes under the 
Overseas Development - Ad- 
ministration budget, could be 
speeded up. 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry has been inter- 

ing ATP more under its 
control. Mr Clark said he 
would like to see the aid 
component in export finance 

Mr Clark, who became Min- 
ister for Trade only last month 
when Mr Paul Cnannon suc- 
ceeded Mr Leon Brittan as 
Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry, also criticised 
restrictions on exports of 
technology to the Soviet bloc. 

S Africa 
on debt 

By Richard Thomson 
Banking Correspondent 

South Africa yesterday re- 
luctantly agreed a solution to 
its refusal to repay $10 billion 
short-term foreign hank debt. 

'Announcing the temporary 
arrangement. Dr Fritz 
Leutwiler, who is acting as 
intermediary between South 
Africa and its bank creditors, 
said: “This was an interim 
measure designed as a step 
towards normality in South 
Africa's external financial 

Dr Fritz Leatwfler “a step 
towards normality” 

He said the agreement was 
conditional on clear progress 
by South Africa towards abol- 
ishing apartheid. 

Dr Leutwiler said that a 
meeting in London yesterday 
between South African gov- 
ernment officials and 30 ma- 
jor creditor banks reached 
broad agreement on a set of 
repayment proposals. 

It was not a formal resched- 
uling agreement. and involved 
individual arrangements be- 
tween banks and their debtors. 

Of South Africa’s $10 bil- 
lion short-term debt, 5 per 
cent would be repaid between 
the end of March and March 
31, 1987, with the rest rolled 
over for another year. 

The interest charged would 
be limited to 1 per cent above 
the amount charged on the 
loans when South Africa first 
introduced its “standstill” on 
repayments last summer. 

South Africa has external 
debts totalling $24 billion but 
the standstill applies only to 
$14 billion 

Dr Leutwiler said the banks 
would now form a committee 
to work out the details 
He said that politics had not 
been discussed at the meeting 
but had formed the back- 

The meeting also agreed 
that the situation would be 
reviewed before next Febru- 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Whisky firm’s plan to 
avoid Monopolies bar 

The Government’s rather 
mechanistic attitude to competition 
in merger policy (save in the Allied- 
Lyons case) is allowing the new 
highly competitive and ingenious 
folk in the City to treat the policy 
with a contempt it may well deserve. 
The technique is to sell off just 
enough combined market share to 
climb out of reference to the 
Monopolies Commission. The 
Guinness camp, managed by Morgan 
GrenfeU, has now emulated the 
unilateral plea bargaining pioneered 
by none other than Morgan GrenfeU 
in its role as adviser to United 

The scheme dreamt up to avoid the 
new Guinness bid for Distillers being 
sent to the Commission is not so 
convincingly clear cut as the straight- 
forward plan to separate United’s KP 
from Imperial's Golden Wonder 
snacks. Pulling together a series of 
secondary brands with associated 
bottling and blending plants for 
Morgan Grenfell to sell, at whatever 
they will fetch, neatly cuts the share 
of the home whisky market of the 
combined group below 25 per cent 
Most of the 13 per cent share of the 
market being sold, however, is simply 
in discount brands that sell strictly on 
price. Worldwide rights would be 
divested only in Claymore and John 
Barr, though that need be no business 
of the Commission. Certainly the 
divestment should cause little pain to 
Guinn ess/Di still ers from a marketing 
point of view since the market share 
could easily be recouped if required. 
If the OFT line is as mechanistic as it 
seems, however, a Government re- 
fusal to accept the straight divest- 
ment of market share would make it 
appear even more to be taking sides. 

Assuming the ploy is successful 
the bid competition is on again with a 
vengeance, even if Grand Metropoli- 
tan decides not to make it a three-way 
fight Guinness has a strong edge on 
cash alternatives. Its 630p per Distill- 
ers share compares with 600p from 
ArgylL That may turn out to be more 
significant than the relative nominal 
values of the share-based packages, 
where at present 648p from Guineess 
compares with 635p from ArgylL 
The new profit forecast from 
Distillers gives scope for further bids. 
Lower pension costs offset adverse 
currency movements to allow a 
forecast of £280 million pretax 
against £236 million and a helpfully 
low tax charge converts that into 
earnings of 50.66p per share against 
37.71p. The Guinness cash offer 
would therefore be only 12.4 times 
forecast nominal earnings. 

Against that, however, it is becom- 
ing a lot harder for the rivals to 
underwrite higher bids. Distillers 
comes to be an ever higher propor- 
tion of the merged companies as the 
bids increase, so higher share offers 
could soon begin to sag under their 
own weight. That consideration ap- 
plies particularly to Argyll, which 
could see a retail share rating being 
heavily diluted. The lack of response 
of Distillers shares to yesterday’s 
developments suggests the market is 
sceptical, but that allows the rivals to 
pick up shares in the market The 
Argyll camp revealed almost 3 mil- 
lion more yesterday, bringing its 
holdings up to 13 million. Argyll 
certainly needs to save a little money. 

It could find itself buying up to £40 
million of the costs of the Guinness 
bid if it wins the day. 

Elliott gears up 

The apparent ease with which United 
Biscuits/Imperial and 

Guinness/Distillers have extricated 
themselves from references to the 
Monopolies Commission and then 
rebid must be making John Elliott of 
Elders IXL wonder where he has gone 

Elders’ £1.7 billion bid for Allied- 




ABN ; „...12»% 

Adam & Company 12*% 


Citibank Most ]2W* 

Consolidated Crds Ijw* 

Comments! Trust.- 

Gfr operative Bank 12** 

C. Hoare & Co J g” 

Uoyds Bank — — 12b* 

Nat Westminster 12b* 
Royal Bank of Scotland. — 

KB 12*1* 

t Mortgage B»c Rase. " _J 


The board of Westland 
Helicopters and its merchant 
bank, Lazard Brothers, are 
still searching for the identity 
of the six mystery sharehold- 
ers with 20 per cent of the 

Sir John Cockney, chair- 
man of Westland, told the 
House of Commons Select 
Committee on Trade and 
Industry oh Wednesday the 
names of the nominee compa- 
nies holding the shares 
Rowe & Pitman Nominees 
held 4.9 per cent for an- 
Australian company, Actranct 
of Canberra. A further 4.9 per 
cent wasitddbySttiiing Trust 
of Geneva. Midland; Bank. 
Overseas Nominees held 8.4 
per cent for both Rothschilds 
Bank of Zurich and the Gulf 
and Occidental Investment 
Company of Geneva. Vidacos 
Nominees held 3.7 per cent for 
a Swiss bank, Dreyfus & Co, 
with the remaining fl.8 per 
cen l bdongi ng Join vastad t for 
anOlher SwisS bank. ; • . 

Ten in race to carve up BL 

axe non* racing 
to take over BL’s Land Rover, 
track and ins operations - 
mth General ' Motors, the 
world’s biggest motor manu- 
facturer, still dearly leading 
the field. 

It tea race against the dock 
to biiy Land Rover, the biggest 
centre of bid attention, sad the 
track operation. Finn inten- 
tions of making an offer have 
to be notified by March 4. 

The timing oo this has been 
affected by GM*s negotiations, 
which hare been directed at a 
takeover of Land Rover, and 
Ley land tracks, GM is : not 
interested in the buses, a 
market badly bit by falling 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 
Among British 

Although a specific deadline 
for. negotiations on the bus 
operation has not been laid 
down, there is not much room 
for mstBoeavrebecause BLand 
the Government are looking to 
its future being settled by the 
end of March. 

Land Rover, with its associ- 
ated Freight Rover, is in :the 
sights of seven groups. Land 

Rovers and Range Rovers are 
manufactared at Sotihaifa on 
the southern edge of Birming- 
ham. Last year the Sofiholl 
factory tamed out 44,500 vehi- 
cles, of which 13,500 were 
Range Rovers. Nearer the dty 
centre the Freight Rover fac- 
tory last year tamed ont 
18,900 Sherpas. 

Land and Freight Rover last 
year had a turnover of proba- 
bly £600 millioa with the 

Sherpa Operation accounting 

for possibly £100 tuillimt. 
Profits at the trading level 
have been iipnmag at Laid 
{Rover. In 1984 they amounted 
to £2 million, but in the first 
half of last year rose to £5.7 
million. But no indication has 
been given of the Land Rover 
performance at the more cru- 
cial pretax level 

The seven wanting Land 
Rover are GM, Mr Roland 
“Tiny”Rowland’s Lonrho, 
AvdingBaiford, a Land Rover 
management buy-out gronp 
and tkree unwarn ed sartors, 
two foreign and otte based in 

wtdeh might have been 
thought to be interested in 
Land Rover, the privatized 
Jagnar has said it has no 
immediate interest, and GKN 
is among the components man- 
ufacturers which approve of a 
GM link. 

Lonrho is a conglomerate 
with a aide range of interests 
from mining to newspapers 
and Scotch whisky. It has an 
extensive international vehicle 
distribution network, especial- 
ly in Third World countries, 
and it believes that land 
Rover sates could be lifted by 
exploiting Lonrbo’s strengths. 

Aveting, Barford, which 
makes heavy contraction 
equipment at its Grantham 
factory, was part of BL until it 
was privatized fa 1983. 

The management buy-out of 
Land Rover is being attempted 
by a consortium led by Mr, 
David Andrews, BL’s execu- 
tive director responsible for 
the commercial vehides divi- 
sion, backed by five senior 
Land Rover managers. 

Ley tend trucks has also 
attracted the attention of one 
unnamed foreign group. The 
trucks and bus operation in 
1984 had trading fames of £61 
million. There was an im- 
provement in the first half of 
last year, when there was a 
trading loss of £235 million 
against £33.7 million In the 
corresponding period of the 
previous year. The greater 
losses proportionately were 
made in bus manufacturing. 

Ley land is a key supplier of 
buses, and accounts fin- a large 
slice of the British market 
The bus operation is likely to 
be a target not only for Aveting 
Barford but for foe Laird 
Group and Volvo. 

Laird's Metro Cammell 
Weymann, with a factory at 
Birmingham, already 

Sweden’s Volvo, which 
claims more than a fifth of the 
luxury coach market in Brit- 
ain, already mamrfactnres 
tracks and bases at an Irvine, 
Ayrshire, factory. 

Dawson may seek 
to recover bid cost 

By Teresa Poole 

Dawson International yes- pared to compromise our high 

today withdrew from the 
battle for Coats Patons, the 
Glasgow-based clothing and 
textile company which has 
agreed a takeover by Vantona 
viyelia. Dawson said it was 
considering legal steps to re- 
cover its £6 million costs. 

Dawson launched a £625 
million agreed bid for Coats 
Patons at the end of last 
month but two weeks later 
Coats Patons announced it 
had agreed the £700 million 
Vantona offer. 

Dawson’s chairman and 
chief executive, Mr Ronald 
Miller, said; “We fed agrieved 
and we have taken legal 
advice. That advice is that we 
should look further into the 
matter.” In a letter to share- 
holders he said that “the 
manner of these events is 
entirely foreign to our way of 
conducting our affairs. 

"We are withdrawing our 
offer as we are neither pre- 

standards nor extend our re- 
sources further against what 
we considered was already a 
full and fair price." 

Mr Miller claims that Daw- 
son incurred the expense of 
underwriting the cash offer 
because the board of Coals 
Patons insisted on a cash 
alternative in the original 
merger terms. **We agreed to 
incur them only because we 
were led to believe the board 
of Coats Patons were commit- 
ted to supporting our offer, 
that they would remain so 

Mr Jim McAdam, chief 
executive of Coats Patons, 
yesterday denied that his com- 
pany was in any way liable for 
Dawson’s costs. “They did 
raise with us the question of 
sharing costs back when the 
offer was being discussed and 
we told them that was some- 
thing we could not 
contemplate,” he said. 

it is 







t ra- 

5 10 








as a 
; in- 
s as 

i 47 

Lyons is not due to be decided on by 
the Commission until June. Mr 
Elliott, in London this week to 
announce Elders’ interim results and 
to see the Commission today, is 
confident he will convince the 
Monopolies men of the financial 
soundness of his bid. The reference 
was made because of fears about 
gearing levels, Mr Elliott claims. 

The reasons for his confidence are 
not entirely obvious. Elders' 
debt/equity stands at a hefty 100 per 
cent and Australian interest rates are 
a steep 20 per cent. The company 
managed to increase interim pre-tax 
profits by 41 per cent to AS73.8 
million (£36.4 million), although 
operating profits from pure trading 
were down 5.8 per cent at AS 1 19.7 

Even if the Commission were to be 
convinced by Elders’ 350-page sub- 
mission, the battle for Allied is a very 
long way from being won Allied’s 
shares rose 3p yesterday to 286p, 
putting the company well out of reach 
of Elders’ 255p a share bid. There 
must be some consolation in the fact 
that Elders is showing a £32 million 
profit on its 6 per cent stake. 

Mr Elliott would not be drawn on 
his interest in the Imperial bid scene. 
His previous agreement to sell 
Allied's food division to Imperial 
looks somewhat hypothetical at the 
moment, although he claims there are 
more than 10 interested buyers for 
the division On an even more 
speculative note, Mr Elliott is be- 
lieved to be interested in Courage, if 
chunks of Imperial were ever to be 
sold off. 

Speaking for the City § 

Time is running short for the 
Financial Services Bill, which is due 
to be passed into law by tbe middle of 
the year. There are still four im- 
portant outstanding questions which 
the parliamentary draftsmen do not 
seem to be able to solve in words 
acceptable to the relevant sections of 
the City. Yet there still seems to be a 
disconcerting lack of urgency at the 
Securities and Investment Board. 

The issues are: defining a pro- 
fessional trader as distinct from an 
occasional or private user of a 
market; the related need to distin- 
guish in the rules between primary 
and secondary markets; delineating 
the responsibilities of self-regulatory 
organizations; and granting SROs 

All the designated SROs accept the 
premise of the legislation, that it 
should protect the private investor. 

But rules protecting the private 
investor can be a serious competitive 
handicap. Thus Eurobond houses are 
again giving warning that pro- 
hibitions on them against cold-calling 
the chairman of ICI could drive the 
business, which last year issued £80 
billion of bonds from London, out of 
the City. 

One might expect Ian Steers, the 
spokesman for the International 
Securities Regulatory Organization, 
to make such a claim. But tbe ISRO's 
argument yesterday that all SROs are 
affected by these four points is 
correcL The lead regulator concept — 
now restricted to governing capital 
adequacy — has not settled the 
question of how many SROs a firm 
might have to join. Nor is the 
Government’s lack of concern over 
the failure to grant indemnity to 
SROs bolstering confidence in the 

Changes are urgently needed in the 
Bill. SROs and their members are 
most reluctant to leave unclear 
passages to the interpretation of the 
SIB, lest a future government should 
use the SIB against the City. As 
spokesman-designate for the City, the 
SIB should use all its influence to 
ensure that the bill, when, enacted, is 
as complete as possible. 



















































The Dow Jones industrial 
average fell 20.52 to dose at 
1.658.26 on Wednesday. 
There were 687 issues advanc- 
ing. 1.003 declining and 35*1 

Volume totalled 152.03 mil- 
lion shares, compared with 
160.2 million shares on Tues- 
day. The NYSE composite 
index was 126.75, down 1 35. 
The average price per share 
was down 41 cents. 

Alta? Sire 
Am'rsa Ha 

The American Stock Ex- 
change volume totalled 
14.683.170 shares, compared 
with 15.778.700 on Tuesday. 
There were 282 issues advanc- 
ing, 354 declining and 210 

Traders on the New York 
Stock Exchange said the 
market's volatility was 
partially dne to scattered arbi- 
trage against stock index fu- 

Feo F« 
19 18 

Feb Feo 

19 18 

43, 44’. 

12 , 12 % 

12% Foro 
23 GAFCorp 

Aft Brands 73% 74 GTE Com *9% 

Am SnJcas? n.'a rya Gen Com 74% 

AmCar ?fl% «7% GenDymcs 7 2 

AmCvoRi a S3 .- 63% Gen Electric 75 

AmEJPwr 25% 25% Genlnsi 21 

Am Eat* ess 6V« €2% GerMiBS 62". 

Am Home 70% 77’; Gen Motors 79% 

Am Hoicnai n/a n/a Gn PD Uf ny 19% 

24 e 



Philips Pei 



Pour ok] 



PPG Ind 

57 V. 

Prctr GmM 












Rynus Met 



flockxrofl (nt 



Storing into BOflgarbd w fgtia7SwgflLjt a 7AJ(day’» range n/a). 


Am Motors 

2% 2% Genesco 3% 

42% 42% Georgia Pac 29% 

Am Tfliaph 21% 21* QUbm 77% 

Amoco 57% 57% Goodrich 39% 

AfTOooSMel 10% 10*1 Goodyear 34% 

Asarco 20% 21% Gould (nc 28% 

Ashland Oil 32 41% Grace 52% 

AlHicnfield 51% 52% GtAhiTac 2T* 

Avon Prods 29% 29 G Gr hnd 34% 

BArsTsi NY 38% 39 GrumanCor 24 

Ban Kamflr >4 73> Guff 8 West 53% 

Bk of Aston 55*. 67 Han-HJ. 32% 

Bank of NY 55 54% Hercules 42% 

Beatrce Fos 45% Hlen-Pkrd 43% 

Betti Sled iB% 19% Honeywell 80% 

Boeing 48% 49% 1C tnds 40% 

BseCascde 50 SO% tngersofl 64'.; 

Brden 56% 56% Inland S®rt 25% 

Eg Warner Z7% 28 IBM 157V, 

Britt Myers 65% 66% tniHarrtr BS 

BP 30% 30% INCO 14 

Burl’ton ind 35 34% int Paper 55% 

BurrronNtn 76% 77% mi Tel Tel 41 

Burroughs 70% 70% Irving Bank 48!. 

CmotM&Sp 49 48% Jhnsn&Jhn 48 

Can Partis 12% 1 2 Kaiser Alum 17 

Central SW 29% 29% K Man 37 V 

Champion 27% 27% Kroger 47 V 

Chase Man 36’« 39% L.T.V.Corp 6*1 

Chm Bk NY 44% 45% Luton 7B' 

Chevron 35 36 Lockheed 511: 

Chrysler 56 5*% Lucky Sirs 24 Y 

Citicorp 50’, 52% ManMnver 44 - i 

Clark EgmD 23% 24 MartviUeCp 6* 

Coca Cola 86% 68 Mapco 37k 

Colgate 33% 34% ManneMid 44% 

CBS <24 121% Mn Marietta 35% 

C'lmOta Gas 39% 40% Masco 46% 

CmOtncng 33% 32% McDonnell 78% 

Comwnn Ed 33'. 33% Mead 47% 

ConsEd« 41% 41% Merck 148 

Royal Dutch 64 U 

Safe ways 35% 

SaraUw 52 

SFeSopac 38% 

SCM 73% 

SchTberger 29% 
Soon Paper 57% 
Seagram 51 
Sears Rtx* 42 
Shea Trans 38% 
Smger 46% 

Smtnun Bk 81 
Sony Ift 

Stn Cal Ed 28% 
Sperry Cofp 52% 
Std Oil Ohio 46% 
Sierfing Dfq 4G>« 
Stevens JP 31% 
Sun Comp 44% 
Tefedyne 327*; 
Tenneco 3714 
Texaco 29 
Texas E Cor 34% 
Texas Inst 124V, 
Texas UHls 33% 
Textron 56% 
Travlra Cor 53% 
TRW Inc 94% 
UAL bic 57% 
Unlever NV 137% 
l/n Carbide 86% 
Un Pac Cor 48% 

Base Rales % 

Clearing Banks 72% 

Fmance House 12 
Discount Market Loons % 

Overman High: 12% Low 10 
Week fixed: T2 7 h 
T reasury BOa (Discount %) 

SB* SSS .... 

3 mnth 12 3timtfi 11% 

Mm Bonk BSa (Discount %l 
1 mmn I2"j;-12*,» 2nwm ferelZ'io 
3mnn» 12-11% 6 mnth 11’wllW 

Trade BOa (Discount %) 
lihfflti 121'j? 2 mnth 12 u ra 

3 mmn 12% 8 mnth 12’^ 

interbank (%) 

Overnight open 12« dose 11 
1 week 13-12% 6 mnth 12-11% 

1 mirth I2"i#-12% 9mrth 

3 ninth I2%e-12>ra 12mth 1t%-11»ie 
Local Authority Dopoatta f%) 

2 days 12% 7 days 12% 

1 mnth 12% 3 mnth 12% 

6 mnth 12% 12mth 11% 


Don ar 

7 days 7*i*-7 M ie 
3monms7rti^7 , 4|* 
7 days 4V-4% 
French Franc 
7 days 9V9 
3 months 15-1 4 X 
Serin Franc 
7 days 1K-1% 

7 days SH-fiH 
3 momhs5 ,s i»-5 u i* 

eel 8%-7% 

1 month 7% 
cal 5-4 

1 month 4»«e-4' i« 

6 months 4%*^ 'a 
cel IM 

l month 13-12% 

6 months 13%-13K 
cafl t%-% 

1 month 3%-3S 
caff 6-5 

1 month 614-6% 
6montt>o5 ,| i*-»i« 

Krugerrand" (per cotnk 
S 342.75-34425 (£234.50-235.75) 

S 81 .5082. 50 1 

i. 754850) 



Utd Brands 


37 V. 


US Start 
















Jon water 


?A v r 






Wefts Fanjo 






37 k. 









35 + 


66 !4 


48 -i 

Xero* Corp 








1 mnth 13V.-13 
3 mnth 13V12% 
9 mmn 13%-12% 
1 mnth 12V, -12% 
Bmrnn 12-11% 


1 mnth 7.85-7.80 
6mnth 7.65-7.80 


2 mnth 
% B mnth 
% 12mth 

1 1314-13 
l 12*14-12** 
1 12%-12% 

> 12*ia-12 3 .» 
i 1114-11% 

i 7.85-7.80 

Fixed Rate Sterling Export Fmance 
Scheme IV Average reference rate tor 
Interest period January 8 1986 » 
February 4, 1986 inctosW 13.077 per 

Rates aupptied by Barclay* Bank 

HOFEXand ExteL 

Cn Nai Gas 



Minsta Mng 




Cons Power 



Mobil Oil 



Cnrrl Data 








Corning Gl 



Morgan J P. 



AKP Alum 



CPC Infl 

















Cm Zeller 



NL InOsfrs 









Nat D>S(trS 









Nat Med Ent 






Delta Air 






Gulf 04 



Detroit Ed 



Norfolk Sth 






Digital Eq 


161 '-r 

NW Barter? 






















hi Pipe 



Dresser fnd 







Duke Power 










69' a 


Pac Gas B 



Ryf Tmssco 


Easrem Am 


5 X « 

Pan Am 




Start Co 



Estm Kodak 



Penney J.C. 





Eaion Corn 









Emerson El 







28 % 

Evans Prod 




51 ’• 





Three Month Sterfina Opwi 

March 8788 

June 6854 

Sept-.- 8910 

Dec 89 30 

wevyusi ^ -swiMI| 0 {|en imerest 1 0838 

March .... 92.09 

June 92.11 

Sept 91.97 

Oec 91.78 

US Treasury Bond 

March 88-11 

June 87-03 

Sepi n/t 










88 70 







89 30 



Previous day's total open interest 19868 
92.13 92.04 92.08 1122 













Previous day 's total open interest 4139 
89-00 87-24 88-16 9296 

87-21 86-27 87-18 306 


run i*s*ec c ficoaixi tbs lUndcMm ■ At+r 

Short GUI 




Long GUt" 



Sept * 




e day s total open averest 1058 

06-30 96-47 504 


98-45 9660 0 


FYevtotB day* total open mteresr 7830 

11G09 113-09 112-11 112-28 9205 

113-16 113-20 113-00 113-11 firi 

n/t 113-31 0 

.^P^wtows day's total open imwert 2034 

I®?-*! t f°'22 ,4a ' 90 14950 433 

15150 15150 150.75 15120 14 

Rubber top par kite 
Soyabean meat caftee and 
cocoa mE per tonne: 
Gaa-od end sugar tn USX 
per tonne. 

G W Joynson and Go repon 



No 6 




0«c . — 




157 0-560 

- 164. 0-63. 4 





Aug ..... 


Dec - _ . 

F» - 


gas on. 
Msrcn .... 


May ... . 







va .. . 

... 127 3-268 
... 1305-298 
. _ 133 0-308 

. 16S 25-63.00 

143 50-03 00 
. 140 50-4025 
. 14200-41 50 

144 50-44 00 
15: 00-44.0T 


Iraq duiar n/a 

Kuwait ctnarKD 0.4C5M.40M — 

Malaysia dote 3.5727-3.5BT1 — 

Mexico peso 6«F690 — 

New Zealand date 2.6814-2.033 

Saudi Arabia rryal 52615-53015 — 

Smgaporedofer 3 1145-3.1197 iTIj ' 

South Africa rand 2.9290-2.9431 

U AEOrtiam 5^V-5JZ30 COC 



A> months unquoted 

*Ueyda Bank Memahoaat 







West Germany 




Japan — — 



Hong Kong 




1.3090-1 .3110 


Z. 4720- 2. 4750 

0 7080-0. 7090 






15110-1 9125 


7.0925-7 0975 

178.00-1 7B 50 


47.05-47 15 

7 7980-7.7B00 

150 50-151.50 









Oec _ 



VOt — 


May - - 

July — 


NO* - — 


March — 





Unofficial pncaa 
Official Turnover figures 
Price isC pm metric tonne 
Silver m pence per bey ounce 
Rudolf Wotf A Co. Ltd. report 


Cash 9680M69DC 

Three months . 995 00-99550 

vm .7950 

Tone - .... Easter 


1649-46 Cas« - 8K.(XW5600 

■>682-79 T hr«« Monms . 984 00-986.00 

! 1717-13 50 

. . i74<-«0 Too ° Cbeet 

— ,7 ®a tw 

«y=s Casn Suspended 

Three Months 

... 2482-2480 Vof 

... 2550-2540 Tone 

... 2615-2610 

... 2684-2680 LEAD 

2740-2735 Cash 2S4 DO-25S OO 

2780-7770 three Months . 284 50-265.00 

— 2830-2800 VcV 1625 

— — — 7226 Tone Steady 

Zinc Standard 

Cash 39500-400.00 

... imnuoiBa Three Months . 

!!. isiSSio ¥* “f 

... 129^-29.0 ,on8 1320 | 

ZmeMtotiGrede ^ 

Cash. ... .«!C0 <L*i*H 
Three Momns. 4:900-4 SSOC 

va SfK. 

Tone EaJ’T'j 

S8ver Large f 

Cast. .. 40P-SJ-4C9X 
Three tAomns . 433 ’ 5- 

VtM . .. . . - . rs. 

Tone . — — - Os*! 

SavwSoaC . I 

Cash 40850-40950 

Thres Momns 420 SC 

V» V 

T»e =£« 


Casn 76iK-764.DC 

Three Manns 7SC.00-73: X 

Vd M3 75 

Tone - - £j«f 


Cash Z74^27«sS 

Three Mentha - .. 2505-3307 

Vd tfJ 

Tone Sas-er 

Case not. 
ros 33 "d-oiCi 

5-heep -tea up 33 fl V are 
183 ? sa*a 70 
tfig.VT n.’rVn 
5«e. -.-'a 


Wheat Barley 











— • 

see 1 . 

99 00 

(ft BO 


132 20 






«*ja - 

. . 


■ - ■ . 

. 243 



Avare ga teteeck pncea at March 
nmNahMasUtsii Apr- 
February TS May 

GO: Sheep 187 67? per Kjes: ^ 

G8: Pt^S. 75 7lpperkghv I 


Lire ftg Contract 

0 IMF Mo 

ilonth Open Ctose 

Pig MM 
e p*** 

Open CtoM 
onCftM urer ted 
133.7 1033 

iffifl 1KJ 
1020 102.0 
1013 1000 

IKJ 1003 
Vat 0 

Expend and Wales: 

Came nos up 74 2 v are. 
price. 96 76pf-0 301 
Sheep r. os. up 2 4 ■»». s«q. 
prea. 188 l7p<-6iKl 
Pgnos corns ll.QTo Sve 
pnee. 75 71«* 156> 


iper tonne 



a gw 


89 00 



96 00 

95 00 



75 BO 


84 10 




Vet 005 

... idle 

The prices on this page 
relate to Wednesday's 


rkgh Law Company 

105 r 

£96 560 
>S» MB 
307 2*S 
18O 121 
<20 88 
110 S3 
184 152 
57 47\ 

13 i - 25 
380 31? 
as 6« 

89 72 

6K 52* 
«7B 119 
1)8 Or 
127 95 

330 264 
152 ii? 
SC8 348 
528 383 
199 180 
US 89 

134 KB 
3:2 254 
142 114 
Bt ES 

122 91 

176 85 
97 76 

m is 

246 186 
295 2J2 
18S 80 

590 J15 
303 235 
298 233 
109 76 

116 100 
560 405 
132 105 
134 100 

163 120 
353 266 
77 ■: 59 
121 91 

165 11S 
146 97 

29$ 230 

Pnca 019a pence *. P/E 

Amor Tnei 
a rq Amor Sec 
Aaenw: 4un 

r Br asms 
B* Emtwe Sec 
Bman UH 


OwWr Agency 
Crescent Jetan 
OWBy (nc 
Oo Cap 
Drayton Cons 
Drayton Far East 
Ovyton Japan 
Drayton P-anver 
Dundee un 
Edn Amer Asset 
Beane Gen 
Engtsn rra 
Enqov Scat 
Engfesn NY 

f 1C Atones 
F ( C Pecrtc 

Few See* Amer 
Frst Un Gen 
rinwty Amen ca n 
Remeyg Om 
Pttrw; B aa rp ne. 
Rertung Far Eau 
nsmwiq RMMrc 
F— Japan 
Renyog Merrnill*» 
rW wng Oversees 
Benang Teen 
Ftonein u iv ra nd 
For Cor 
GBC CapOl 
GT Japan 
Gwiarai Fiatfs 
General Cons 



25 ir 

3a 331 




31 351 


0 1 

ze 55: 


S .. 

d A 

7 3 505 



07 . 


b + t 

35 414 


• 1 





40 316 



22 43 C 




55 a: 


b .. 

3 6 306 




30 375 


30 0r 

* J 325 







12 0 



14 3 

*5 3t£ 


1 E 

1 1 . 




07 . 



35*0 1 


+ 1 


81 333 




08 704 



3 12 



IS 709 



34 41 7 




23 579 






16 S9 4 




£6 537 



t Ir 

1 1 372 



It Jr 

4.6 355 


♦ t 

129 r 

4 4 4+3 



73 (01 





b .. 


4 B 28 0 


b . 



15 970 


b .. 


31 *46 

.V>r lSv.: -. f ,-L A- - * C- • - ,:.T. f* " , - 







33 420 




39 427 




22 639 



7 ti 

20 *3 t 


25 r 

26 592 








20 ra* 


15 9r 



] l«s 



1 te^rlc*. 



03* pern* 

A. PjE 



. <kaco* Store 




£6 510 









SMC AS+rmc 



30 41 7 




• | 


21 600 



Gent Srwsy 



25 57.7 




• -0 



Gre&nan House 



27 284 


■ 33 

Kernel cs 





h- ;ey 




r-resi-ri Succesc 








27 627 


J49WI »U«5 




L*» 0«orewe 



un VeTrret! See 




Lon Trial 











Murr a, uiccvne 




5 7 26* 


Mwrav Lrat 





Mirra» Sm*i 




Mwrav Ve+cwe 



2* 530 


New Coor 



>*+«• DantjK 04 







H+JTVog me 83 

5G .- 




Nm. Tokyo 





rip lane Sec 







Ntte Ar=er 




25 565 





29 4*3 



Pecibc Aaeri 




to vt+ns 



Personal Aysca 









River & Mere 







*6 322 











6 Br 

25 01 7 




■ 24 


Sr *ncrows 


* I 







See* Amencxh 




Sect EesrifTi 



30 487 




Scot UfT 







15* .■ 

Scat U « t A' 




Srectri 4ftarrce 





Swr Ol Scotland 




4.0 3*4 1 

23 426 



VnaJer 2c* 



1 7r 

fte» Lb* 



Chye Derate 

% PfF 



Enrevi Enrer 





7» tesrrva 




15 313 



TR 3r» Or wr Dtcica 



54 209 






31 456 



T« 1415^4' Pes 


10 7 



TR Norm *--e-xa 


• i 


2.7 49 1 



TR Pscte 



1 *r 







35 361 



TP Tkt 




24 U a 



TP T r.tte+S 


6 3r 

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7 6 

82 283 






48 309 



Thoc Secwxd as 308 


Trtre QcearvC 



33 *£> 






12 3*7 



Tnprees me 

91 - 

■4 7 

09 87 



US Decre-twe 




40 5*7 



V*.nc Rnctmes 



4 2 41 7 






3 4 400 



•fraacBn Eirew 




10 37 4 












13 7f 

*6 30 9 


4v-?v3 6 S»rei*fs 619 
- Anvcsn Eicvess £43 
ATpra 35 

BMVeac 35 

Arrow 14: 

C&JyMa* fir. 

Qo a fir. 

Dun 1 37 

i%i Trust :0l 

EttC 279 

£»«*■«" 70 

Frarinyit" JSS 

F-cs> Go 93 

Goooe X, B Mi 96 

nenoonon Vriv RV.- 
iC*. 101 

UM 350 

via 790 

Uhutw House 337 

Panic 1 v 68 

Oo Mmn 21 

S=«* Brantr* 194 

.5 25 0 4 I 14 9 

14 40 107 

. n 946 
60 43 160 
■ 69] 4fl i;4 

► 69 J 40 12J 

54 39349 

• 40 40 I4fl 

.7 45 J t 175 

•5 JO 33 139 
-S Ti 17 190 
57 6212? 

I 25 26267 
23 7 r 22 145 
*3 12.9 7 1 74 

-5 22.9 65 92 

> 214 27237 

(•23 103 57 09 

05 OB 0C f 

*10 9 3 46 226 

BO Hrtdemsa Ba. Bourannwii BM0 sal 
0345 717373 (LrwBnel 

rtgn Inc Epuny 
Wkwcmae Bona 
Amencan Grcwm 
Ason Pacrfc 
Assets 3 Earns 
Coses) Reserve 
Conan S Energy 
European Capital 

Uk Growth UtC 
Do <*<»m 
US Emeiang Cos 
Eaiatas np^iess 

1110 117 4C *031022 
#3 7 690* *0 4 556 
1710 IMA# -02 530 
i<ia3 i57 7* -0 1 107 kmauer Coe 
42.8 *5 7 7 274 Cicwm 

067 9*8 -04 174 l^amc 

81 2 6’5c *02 w*., 

846 69.1 e -1.0 122 i Grawm 
734 Tag *05 192 

125 9 rJ.J« -06 316 "«• Stores 

593 634 *12 Corrvnoory 

#4 6 098 -07 171 JjnaniaaiSwa 

119 6 120 6 -03 

59 0 63* -Ot 041 I* Lerure 

1013 1930 -0 4 395 Frco Snares 

54 9 583 -03 1 72 U»*» Eneiqv 


74-78 Fvtuuy Pmrieni London EC3A Ijo 

01-500 2777 Dosing Or -630 0478A MoneyGiwl 


Growtrr G* 502 57 1 *0.2 06 

vm Recovery 9S l 101 4 .12 

Snvu*srCo» 124 9 13328 -05 15 

UA Cicwm 352 37 i 21 

Inc 555 592* -01 76 

we 252 265 -01 70 

me & Grown 184 0 1963 -05 44 

AtoO DuUVP Conoe Sendon SN1 1EL 
0793 610366 8 0793 28291 
Fatt Trust 200 9 2i*0c -I 

200 9 2i4 0c -16 357 

Grower 6 Income 1219 1290 -1.0 35* 

Crou Trusl 214 1 2200 -1 1 2 80 MaviiuLn Prt 

Balanced 325 0 3*67 -19 3*0 P " 

A«um Tnaa 498 0 531 2 *25 320 

Amercsn income 29 6 31 5# -0 1 429 SC,i_ 

Hgn income T«t 2232 237 7c -15 505 
Ecuey income II96 12?a« -07 514 F>Zno, U-V-. 

Hqn Yield 1276 135 9 -O L 6 K) “""p. Marvel 

Got Secs Trust 79 6 29 0 *0 1 986 shown tram r 

(nlymancrt.v 690 74J# -gj 135 KrpL2II!5! 

Japan Fund 74 9 79.0 *0 4 0 01 £Vv 

Facte Trusl 131 1 1396 -01 128 171 

Anw Spa &B 633 551 -02 120 BS Find tneom 

Secs Of Amer Tst 195 9 2006 -10 0 67 „ Do Acewn 

Aid Asset Value 2004 2134 *0 0 354 Groncu) 

G» Graem 342 357 -02 3 17 Growlti Accwn 

S mel l er Cos 1062 1131b *02 2 30 Oo Income 

3nfl SmaAer Co’s 1410 1510 *03 266 h»"» 

Recovery Trust 70 B 75* *02 248 i"owne 

Met ton 0 Cmrtrv #10 06 3 1 229 IMnn Amenewi 

O'sees Eamnps 1707 1815 *13 336 g"** 

Tecnnology Tst Be* 9B2 *07 095 "uccrary 

mconie &empl 1106 1172a -02 606 Tecfwwogy 

DerrmrSnuMeCos 2002 2122 -14 2 95 Gefnv * n 

USA Ejum^n Trust 3182 3373 -1.7 1 42 „ 


131. FmeMay Parament London EC2A 1AY 01-508 JAA A 

01-620 9876 01-200 0540)1,7/3 Qjiwa! TT.Jl 

Cual Qrowf! me 522 550 *03 1 90 Do Aeon. (41 

fcAcaim 504 624 -03 iso ncomeRnaps; 

Eastern # me 1044 1110c -1 1 1 79 Do Amm 

OodvvvwrirawM 576 6! 5c -06 1 79 mu meS] 

Finance & Property 5*5 50 2 *0 3 2.49 Oo Accwn 121 

Ot 8 filed income 450 *7 3e *02 921 SmtBm me W 

* 03wr 

Amer Growm 
CL * met income 

Amer Smaller Cos 
.sis* *“* 1 GnTrat* 



*21 IK Ex£52Marvet 

502 57 t -0.2 0 65 
95 1 1014 . 221 

124 9 1332* -05 156 
352 37 £ 2 10 

555 592# -01 767 
252 265 -0 1 707 

18*0 1963 *03 44# 

151 * 1935 -05 *55 

184 196b . 1004 

1279 136 4 -0 J 282 

*0 J <3 0 *02 2*0 

192 20 7 *0 5 296 

155 165 -01 071 

5<2 570c *00 140 

402 *2 9b -0 7 091 
4J 0 40 7 -0 1 0 67 

95 6 102 0c -0 1 327 
565 607 -01 S9i 

238 254 180 

S*4 082 -05 052 

Get > Ftasa m 
Tsi or m» Trusts 
Speoil Sos Trust 
Mm Amer Trust 
Far Eastern Trust 

48 8 520b *03 917 

99 0 028b *02 153 
MO 735 -Ol 256 
53 1 505 -03 1 97 

61 0 049 -0J 053 


PO Bos 442. 32 9 MMy-MMa. London EC3P 


Sl^Gerase Mse Corporaftoi St Coventry CV1 
0203 553231 

UK Gmwe> Accum 1330 141 4 
Do mccme 117 0 1244 

Heper me Accwn 210 I 2235 

60 income 1720 1819 
Gms/Gveo Accwn 93 4 9#3 

Do income 01 0 852 

436 *07 -01 067 

95 6 102 0c -0 1 327 

S65 607 -0 1 591 

Z3 8 25 4 1 86 

5*4 60* -0 5 0 52 

130 139 042 

37 0 3915 -02 121 

235 25 1b -0 6 371 

310 319 -02 208 

454 48.4b *03 .. 
13 5 14 4 -0 3 

?• 702 *03 195 

64 7 67.7 .. 4.14 

Do income 1720 1025 
Gms/Gvea Accwn 934 903 
Do income 01 0 852 

Nm Amer Tb Accum 1310 139 3 
Fm Eab in Aeon 1093 1162 
Eura Tst Accum 130 3 1386 
General Tina 2103 223.7 

-06 a 80 

*05 360 
*05 507 
*04 5 07 
*02 294 
-06 254 
-02 032 
♦03 0 75 
-21 091 
♦1.0 250 

01-623 mu 
regti income 
N Amer Trust 
n eco.ery 
Get True) 

SI Vincent me 
St Vincent US QBi 

49.1 527b *01 601 
1125 1201 -05 062 

164 1 174 6 *01 28S 

305 379b -03 980 
74 3 707b -Ol 6.10 
T22 752b *02 079 

20. Orion St London EC2A844X 
01-920 0311 

Eowiy Dr* 1000 1004 

DO AOCWTl 1334 1404 

GUI Trial 41B 51 4 

Oo Accwn 522 550 

79 1 042 

90 7 905 

Smisar Cos me 
Da Accum 

92 1 902b -82 2B7 
974 1035b -02 257 

Man Income Dal 
Do Accwn 

*0 6 1.66 
-09 106 
-01 466 
-01 456 
-04 50* 
*04 59* 


0 «»*£■“• CUiqm “ !UH 

1 Laurence Poutney HB. London EC4fl DBA 
01-623 4660 

Amencan Fund 71 3 769 -Ol 027 

Capri* FwxJ TWO 1102 *0.1 042 

mccme Fund 703 752 -0 4 521 

Fer Eastern Fund 619 66J -02 041 

Overseas mccme 629 67 3 *02 400 

Feed Interest 535 57 0 *02 956 

Namr* Res Fund 45.0 402 -0.4 4.12 

Eurcyaan income 60.1 645b *05 352 

Rnei Wail. Torondge. TW9 IDT 
0732 302222 

Amencan 9*5 101 1 -Ot 082 

Amw EQuny Income 305 3XOb .. 511 
Amer Speo* Sea 476 507 -04 040 

FV Em me 28.7 m -O.i 33S 

GriSFtvedM 285 297 *0.1 980 

Grt>e*i & Income 073 934 *0.1 438 

Japan Special Sa 307 32.7b *03 . . 

Japan Trust 892 MS *0 1 

Managed Int T« 110 7 124.9 *05 030 

Ua. teome Eoutv 6*9 725c .. 550 

Professor* Gth 299 3i5b‘ *02 272 

SOWhEastAMTst 262 Z79 -07 023 

Spec* Sts 1302 1405 .. 126 


8 Crosby Sa London EC3A SAN 
01-038 5656 

American Even^t 0*95 3S72 . . 139 

Japan E«empr £288 7 297 7c . . t 41 

API Pmoeny T« S107955 .. 7 75 

Property Trust E20BT5 610 


3. London WU Brigs, London Wax. London 


01-620 5181 

Amer 0 Gen me 2222 2362 -2.1 057 

Do Accum 2288 7412 -23 057 

-01 027 
*0.1 042 
♦04 521 
-02 041 
*0-2 430 
*02 956 

-0.4 4.12 


9-1.*. Penymoud Rfl. Haywards Heath 
0444 458144 

*01 129 : — 

*0? 120 BS Fwxl meonw 

• l 0 067 , Do Accwn 

*0 0 35* 

-02 317 Grewiti Aoaen 
*02 250 _ Oa Income 

*05 2.66 mcorn* 

*02 2*0 toOMt . 

-0 1 229 5 arm Amencan 
*13 326 S"** 

*0 7 0 95 g«yrWY 
*02 006 Tecnrwogy 
-14 295 Gemun 

S3 8 578# *04 420 
902 965b -0.0 
<08 0 1179# -10 212 
1715 1835 *05 

1106 1104 *05 201 

50 4 62 Be *03 704 
68 4 736 *0 1 55* 

572 615 +04 120 

605 654 -02 020 

31 6 330 -02 331 

1345 1449 -05 0 60 

300 329 *19 290 


The Stock Exchange London EC2P ZJT 

01*508 ?W 

Cual Qrawfi Inc 
Oo Accwn 

Ol 8 Fimed income 45 0 47 3b *92 921 

General Inc (41 
Do Accwn (4) 
mcome Fund g 
Da Accum <3) 

Hdi V*d Income K. 0 69 5l 
Do Accwn 165 0 17731 

my me 65 s 695 

Da Acc 66 J 705 

Oo Sw wxhdrad 63 a 67 3 

Managed Fund 55 7 507 

Preference Income 363 St t 

Do Accwn 819 87 5 

SnuAet Co s moome H52 1232 

74 4 703b +03 921 
64 0 693b *02 508 
150 J 160 7b *02 558 
650 69 5c .. 055 

1050 1773c .. 055 

66 0 895 -1 0 20] 

66 J 70S -1 7 2.63 

60 0 67 3 -15 253 

55 7 587 *04 

263 tot *9 1 1 1 SO 

819 875 *011150 

185 3 1945 
to!9 3063 
898 94 7 
1543 1625 
1'02 115 1# 
1455 1522b 
924 4 9089 
976 1 1044 2 


125. High Horiom London WC1V 6PY 

01-24? 1140 

CS Japan Fieri 608 64 7 *0 


Air* 8 Gen me 2222 2362 
Do Accum 2288 241 2 

Amer Tumanri Inc 2D0 4 2228 

♦01 1 1 50 «« I 

*011150 I 01-90? 6076 

Oo Accum 1242 1320 

Worm Penny Shvti BS 9 6 
POriiraa Tsi UK 695 720 
Portvwo T* Juan 705 73.0 
RirtMO Tv US 71 B 74.4 
Poraoeo TB Europe 86 6 91 0 r 
Port! Ofa TV HK 413 *30 


3. Oenlmlos 5L EWnburnn EH3 67Y 
031-225 2501 (Oeaiers.931-226 6066) 

W E* 122) 379.4 395.9 . . 1 28 

Japan eT< 43) 345.1 2554b .. 034 

UK E» 011 1772 1805 .. 149 

Psal Pens mu 3688 308 2 .. .. 

Fsal Pen* UK 1*7 I 154.9 

EG America 1519 1610 -14 059 

EG Energy 1100 1178 *0.7 1 73 

BG mcome drurti 1688 lTSec *07 546 

EG Japen 127 0 1368 *0 1 08C 

BG Tecmoiogy 163.7 1742 -02 19* 

25/26 AAnrmade SseaL London W1X 4A0 
01-491 0295 

, Grown 2536 2607 

income 289 0 3074 

| Far EM 1445 1531 

Norm Amencan 136.1 1448 


100. OH Broad SL London EC2N I GO 
Ot-631 0011 

Capnal 131 3209 3370 *« 

mcome (3) 2so.a 2t-* i *7 

Norm American (3) 257.7 27 1J *2 

L S? J?? 8 * 0 SL SC4N 7AU 
01-623 6314 

Do Acovn 
Casual Tv me 
Oo Accwn 
Core 8 G4i Me 
Oo Accwn 
Eaka Inc Tv me 
Oa Aceum 
I nco m e Trua 
Oo Accum 
tnt Growtn Fd Inc 
Do Acaan 
Jeaen A Gen me 
Do Accum 

2168 2296 
1812 1928 
2162 2298 
802 052 
104 8 1114 

Oo Accum 

117.6 125 0b .04 Z04 
1272 1352b *08 204 

01-623 6314 
Gat Trust 

972 1034W *41.411.74 

wttENoa PRowoeNT man aberb 
^ orram End. Ooruna Swray 
3306 885055 * 

Japan 8 General 
Hgn kicwne 
■niwnncnal Tiwl 
mcome Gm Tv 
Gris 4 Fuad Int 
OHOW Mar* am 
Special Situations 

*88 522b .02 08i 

102 19 5 . 27. 

7W 00-7 -0J 0^ 

429 45 9b 4 5 

655 70 OC -03 60 
332 356 -02 i I 

40 9 43 7 -G1 15: 


uraeom House. 262. Rommm Rd E7 

01-534 5044 


reFwri 36685 .. 484 

5»»a mt 13285 . . 10.70 

P»I«M .. II.7T 

77 London WaB. London EC2N 100 
0I-S9B 1815 

mcome 33806 C .. 538 

Accum 901 77 


Narrow Plan. 8ns40> S32 OUH 
0372 377719 

General Eqwty 3A0 369 *02 . . 

Equhr Hri 1 meorae 362 386c -02 

Gri 0 Fbed ba ftfl 26 6 M3 -01 

Da Aaewn 

fp Faed mt Drat 
00 Accum 
Stewardship Ow 
Do Accum 

1038 194 1 
W4 3208 
105 4 112.7 
1178 1256 
1501 150 8 
1SA4 1633 

P^HT^e. to3S wa,.wC2 

Grow me 
High Trad 

XM3 314.7 
133 0 137 0 
ISO I 19&5b 

Awl Accwn 
Do mc o me 

Enempi Tnist 
Ena mccme 


G* < Fried Ine 

926 878 -Ol 239 
1320 I40A -09 I 78 
9*3 1003 -0 5 178 

628 668b *06 337 
385 9 4105 *12 4.10 

650 »? *04 520 

200 2 221.4 -MJ J.47 
ZEL9 247 7a -18 3 49 
1268 1348 -0 7 331 

50.7 530* *0.41020 

index Secunies 

(61. Cneaparia, Lwrid" EC2V BEU 
01-736 1999 

Do Ace 1228 130.3 

Growth Accum 1627 1730 

mccme Trust 3960 314 6 

L*nw0 Trusr 73 S 78b 

Spool SriitMms 135 3 1332 

ReCdMry 167 0 17B8 

Truswe Fund 973 1035 

Unw Teen Kam 487 51 0 

DO mcome 48 4 51 4 

WaWOw ra e Trust 134 0 1434 

*8 TV mv Fieri ACE S86 9 305 3 

Do UK 106 1 200 1 

1213 1290 *0.1 063 

1228 i303 *0.1 aea 

1627 1730 +12 2.60 

396 0 314 6b *17 389 
739 7&bri *0 9 1.74 
1253 1332 -0.9 2.70 

1670 1785 +10 286 

973 1035 *05 323 

487 $1 0 *05 069 

48 4 514 *04 0 60 

134 0 1434* -0 9 1 17 
305 3 *22 363 

OK)! +13 383 

Capri* Accura 
Energy Trust 
Extra income 
Gri Srrawgy 

25*6 2708 -07 160 

406 43 1* -93 581 

T*4 1 1532 -0 7 5 69 

1330 141 4b -06 262 
54 0 502 *0.1 160 


^’5®" asM 4YJ 

01-263 2575 Oeekig 01-636 9*31 
UK Cap Fnd Inc 062 S22b -04 2 60 

Oo Acorn 1223 1315* -OS 286 

moome Fund 73 1 782 c -OJ sac 

Pension Exempt 145 0 1519b -09 2 40 

-ui 1348 144 3c -10 100 

*“■’ ■■ U9 0 General 55 5 594 mi (40 

Teei 8 Growin 684 71 1 -03 1 00 

Japan 8 General iS*J 1758 030 

Fv EaV I Gen 740 797 -1 3 1 00 

European Fund 20B8 7230 o *01 070 
-0 7 T 60 Germany Fund 01A S6.T *12 1 DO 

Crowtn m rav ment 254 0 2702b +12 279 

trexxne 6 Growth 364 38 7 
japanaae 8 Paohc 1070 1130 
Mm Amer Down 958 1018 
tun Recovery 1003 1067. 

snutor Cos I8i3 1928 
GaM kic Tv 513 545 

36 4 39 7b 483 

107 0 1130 -27 0 01 

958 1019 *07 1 76 

1003 1067b -03 300 

1813 1928b -04 253 
513 545 -0.1 038 

2. SI Mary Aw London EC3A SEP 
01-8Z3 12 §3 Dealing 01-823 5780 Dealing 01-823 

towiTiux 920 984 .. a 00 

Austrahan Tnm 19J 205 .. 043 

Br**n Tv Accum 502 54 0c -01 2 JO 

Do Dal 44 > 47.4b -0.1 230 

54 9 504 -01 IJ1 

ConvTOMY Snore 
EwMoan Trust 


PO Bo* 156. Beckenham. Kora BR3 4XG 

01-858 900? 




Grown a Inc 

Da accum 
firal Juan 
Japan Soeewl 
Japan Swirisa 
Rrw Smato Cot 
Fnt Europe 
Fov N Aim 

4 SB 930 *05 000 

428 46 Be -08 080 
81 7 90 Oe -1 4 D.90 
572 61 4a -B4 2M 
66 2 92 6b *06 230 
608 MB -05 030 
74.0 79.1b -0.4 030 
728 770 -00 0J0 

508 630a +10 270 
829 885 *08 060 

488 51 J -01 3 AD 

crawn Home, Wooing Gu?i IXW 
0*062 5033 

High Income Trust 7083 2208 
Growth Trust 1992 SllOb 

Anwar Tn* 1230 1315 

4. Mekrrie Crescent. Earawan 
031-226 3492 r 

Amencan Fund 60 0 706 

cwwai Fund 77.7 mi 

E«tr» income Trust *28 45 6 550 

For Eastern Trust 330 994 *05 0.43 

Fined hrarast Fund 24 6 3&2b «01ID3H 
.. G«l Tnar 25 265 *0.11901 

Gmoal fund Accun 1400 140 0 *07 036 

Til Oc Dri! 133.3 1425 *05 026 

♦00 0.70 Qott Snare Trust 12 7 135 217 

Hedged American 286 306 *05 010 

Hgn mcome Trim i2Q7 lto.ib *04 SM 

Haig Kctig Trua 282 280b -04 090 

mcome Fund 6*1 68 6b *06 381 

.. 241 hwanee Agenoee C4I 7B 45 01 *020 275 

.. 205 Japan Trial 1010 1083 *08 000 

-01 4,59 Managed Eramie 2*22 2522 *03 339 

.. 679 Ol 6 Erwgy TiuM 311 33 >b -1 Q 1.00 

. 124 Soeeal Sue Trust 792 048 > 16 

462b -08 0.71 

amwm 5 me Fund u? □ 1252b -01 459 
«<5R0b» Fieri 939 994 .. 879 

Wemaaen* Fwri 170.0 10T.9 . 12* 

HmarasFwri 19s jog .. 2.15 

S«* Jap Cd s Fnd Z7S 295 . 0(0 

Tphyo-Fwri 110.5 126.7 .. 020 

IfM Amor (3 133 1 1381 . . 7 17 

(E*j Jam ft 00 0 834 . . 029 

59. Gresham St London £C2P 203 
01-606 4433 

Ewopean me 
De Accum 
General me 
Do Accwn 
Get Yrad Vx 
Do Accum 

T Yrrid Me 


Jtoan ham 
Do Arxwn 
tt Amencan mq 
_ fri oecum 
wte inawne 
„Po accwn 
Ooa Inc 
Du Accwn 

1072 1141 .. 250 

7U nil -oj i oo 

927 972l -03 139 

1372 1402b +0.0 107 
1850 197 7b -09 367 
1003 1116 -OA 996 

1673 1724 *06 S9B 

74 7 795 *06 0.31 

145 5 154 0 *1 1 0J1 

1790 1913 *0.1 030 

180.4 19? 0 ..030 

450 «&5 -04 (03 

62.7 501 -04 103 

1058 1112 -OB 054 

1107 1242 -OB 054 

MO 703 *02 227 

77.7 *2.7 -oa 2Z7 

® ) Amor ra 133 7 138.1 .. ?17 

I Japp, ft 00 0 834 .. 029 

|t»l Pacrtc 14) 213 0 2l9Jlc .. 123 

(Ea! Smaer Jap (4) 1630 tW] . dig 

fcu'Ohmd 232 248 .. 403 

Beth ROM. Cnene nn em. Ghuonr GL53 7LO 
0242 521311 

UK Balanced me 
Oo Accum 
UK Gnanh Accwn 

UK Nsn wit me 
N A mencan Aceum 
For Eawem Accwn 
Ewopean Accwn 
UK Gri 0 FI Inc 
Dd Adcwn 

598 638 
502 636 
Sa I 804 
613 664 
80 I 64 I 

652 as 
49 5 578 
498 528 

Managed EnAmW 2422 2522 *C J 338 
O 6 Erwgy Tium 31 1 33>b -1 9 1.06 

Soeeal So Truv 792 845 1 16 

UK Cs R«c Tr 012 -01 107 

Wref'usiw Mse 77. London uu. London EC2N 
IDA • 

01-580 5620 

In* Grown 702 750 *05 104 

Amencan Grown 592 032 -0 3 183 

amencan me *65 700c -02 600 

Ewopran Grpwm 1668 1701 *23 025 

Oori t Atoeraw *32 40 i . . 1E4 

Japan Grown n7 0l23l *29 02? 

(bone mcome fii2 6s 7 -01420 

UK speoil Coot 732 Ti 7b *0 4 220 

35 Nxream Si Ifanenesier 

EautaHe Petcan 67 6 7?0 
M^h Mriw Tiua 6* S 68.7 

Rural Ewnange. FC3P 30N 
01488 9903 

G* 8 Fried Im 1 10 * ■ 

Gravnr Eouey 189 1 i 

Gudinne 777 J ; 

N Amencan 1335 , 

Peohc 1589 I 

f^opoMy 9>»ra 2121 ; 

H94 1199c 
189 1 2012 
775 J 2S52b 
■335 142 i 
1589 109 I 
JlZI 225 7b 

Smaeer Corncames 1345 1963 

-Of 5GB | E ''«W I Trus* 

Temple Bar Sm Co e 141.7 145 .. 305 

Rranrar UT Athran. 5. H ayiwgii Ra. ( kerawood 

0ZT7 217016 

HNntrai Sobr Corn 107 1 1132b *0 6 227 
Madras n Amer 66.1 703 *OS OS* 
Manbree Jap A F E 87 6 932 ..0*8 
HNhOi Scanowi 682 723 *02 106 

Hamdrae Ewooean 80.0 915 *19 101 

Hamtsos Carwown 42.7 45.a -03 i.7fi 

HNibtOS Eouoy WC 742 789 *0 T *33 

nemlxos Hxy. Inc 525 550 *04 0 02 

Hamoros Ret Aeets 510 SS2b *03 322 


Preset UT Adwm who Don 5. Raybqn Rd. NBen | 
Brentwood Eeee* 

Special See Inc 
Dd Accum 
ReeoraiY TruM 
Cat*M Grow* me 
Do Accwn 
mcome Assets 
Fmaneal Tium 
I newna S Qrcnrih Inc 
DO ACXora 
Mgn mcome Trua 
Eire mcome 
SmriNr Coo On 
Pref ( Git 
cat Truer 

FHed Irnerast True) 

OoM HeoRhcare 
Qoon Tech 


90 7 905 *0* 5JM 

52.1 562c -02 1 17 
532 505c -03 1.17 

DO Accwn 
US Grmrih 
DO Accwn 

WnMM Pbk Caere EX5 IDS 
0332 52155 

General Trial 39 0 41 0 *d I 300 

Income Tra*( 325 348c *0.1 650 

meemMonM Truw M2 J02 *0' 1.00 


Three Oumn. Tower Ml EC3R 690 

01-626 4SM 



SmaBb Cm 

1122b -02 J8S 
100 6 201 J -18 1 13 
1733 I860 -1 0 201 


40. Gracacnwcn Si EC3P »w 

<71-623 4200 Exi 269 

NPI UK 1812 1928 . 

Japan Grown 
Japan 5 mWr Cra 
New Technoiocv 
SE Asm Gra-n 
? coB iarri 
Select mrenal i o nb 
Soraotr Co s me 
Speaai Sriridons 
UK Equw 
US Grcwm 
Universal Grown 

-2.1 057 
-23 057 
-25 121 
-25 121 
*0 8 3.06 
+ 13 308 
♦02 823 
*63 623 

Euro SmaAer Cos 
Japwi Trial 
Jepwi SoBcwr saa 

PapriC SmaAer Cos 
SnR to 8 Ma by 
Mom Aureican 
Amer Snoler Coe 
Amer Recovery TM 
Mgfi mccme Exanre 
SmaAnr Cos Exempt 
Eteo Eiemor 
Japan Exempt (5) 

N Amer 

Gksoxl Tech Ex (SI 

l 7 1235c -08 
'-T 1734 b -03 
3 01.0b *01 
« 54.1 -04 

€13 *04 

106 0c *05 
1255 *11 

1363 *00 

261 7 +11 

163.4b *05 
1523 *06 

05.1b ML* 

443# *01 
570 *03 

643 -0J 

1127b -01 
44 3 c 

1503 -15 

695b *03 

2115 *22 


117 7b +T 7 
1203 +23 

623 -03 


1472b +0 5 
533 -04 

1272 *12 

IIJBe *03 
1112 *D.I 
1020 *00 
1094# *ai 
993 +04 

923 +10 

15*5 -31 

01-626 *580 

Amer A Gen me 2126 225 4# -02 1.73 

Do Accwn 2*6 4 2012# -02 1.73 

Amer Recovery 230 3 2526 -03 1 68 

Do Accum 2504 2730 -05 160 

Am SmaAer Cox 576 61.1b -03 105 

Do Accum 507 622b -46 KB 

Au* A Gen me 691 739b -03 1 Cm 

Oe Accwn 753 80.6ri -05 1.01 

Comm 0 Gen Inc 1523 1635b -04 306 

Do Accum 1995 2135b -0.4 306 

Compound Grow* 364 9 3904 +lJ 350 
Ccrebbon Growth 2000 3153b *01206 

Do me ieCT I7i3# -ua 033 

Do Accum 
NM Overseas 
Do Accwn 
Far Ean acc 
D o DM 
Amencbi Ace 
Oo Dot 

1012 1920 *09 310 

289 6 300 I -ia 310 

5090 S»1 5c *02 1 10 
018 7 6502c *02 1 10 

593 6378 *05 030 
507 636m +04 OJO 
S«8 583 -ai 130 

543 573 *01 IJO 

Enterprise House, fkyqeriutp 
CTOS 827733 

Dome id 17131 

Dmaairi Fund Inc 357 7 sjsj 
D o Accwn £1033 1035 
Ewopean I General 163.6 173* 
Oe Accwn 19* B 2005 

2126 2254b -02 1.73 5c 5ol S? Si ' 

2*0 4 2612b -02 1.73 w 543 578 1 


li i“ 

507 622b -06 105 

69 1 733b -09 IDS Gnm Trial tTO*3iO90b*e 

753 8D6b -03 1.01 >>» Truel 1170 1212 - 

1523 1635b -04 306 

1995 2135# -0.4 106 DPPJpflCBIERTBOT MANAGEMENT 
364 9 3904 +|J 350 00 Carmen Sweet. London EC4N (ME 

2000 3153b *01200 oeaAogs 01-236 3886/0/7/0/9)0 

do *3 1090# *0.06 4 07 
1170 1232 -OJ 183 

American Ine 
Oo Accum 
AuBhahan Inc 
De Aeowi 
European me 

Do Accum 
G« 6 Fried Inc 
Do Accwn 
Gori Fund me 
Do Occam 

1200 1283 -OB 157 
122 3 1308 -03 157 

586 S3 Op -04 199 
823 675# -04 195 
916 901 -04 T 23 

94 | 1006 -04 123 

n-15 T.i Sri Offer Cn»rg *+• 

n. TT! Ecuey 113* 1218 *4)2 J M 

S? -S' Ewupawi Gcwc Sns 61 9 907 .1 7 02* 

En v, ^ ExTra rnaorte 1K3 i075b -0*64: 

§11017 -ha 3 F,rjne ® 232 5 2466c *20 20? 

Si *5 "Sr « IK 9S2 unjb -04 am 

1456 1553 -0 1 4 49 709c To* 

MS 'ril c 4?*$ JJMn ® 8 *<>’ ov 

tv S last iS >Ul} I Srmm 194 20 7 -04 : 35 

S? SI 733 n 3 *0*009 

1K3 i™5b Qd 8S0 0*6 *03 009 

713 «?C ts, PrM snare Fd 102 174 -031029 

74.7 Si UACawal 576 0108 -OJ 2 16 

74.7 "SB 190 r - c3# -00 090 

Tecnopogy 453 *80# *03 0 id 

kw frreorte 415 K 7 7 10 

beramme Casern 127* 135 0 *03 1 BS 

Eeucy E« l3r 0J9 726 2 1 

-06 157 Go Aecuir (3) 127 j 136 1 212 

-03 157 


-04 IB 2 S* Mar* Are. London EC3A 8BP 
-04 123 01 926-3336 

w ■ -11 - ■ XJ -n^„ _ 

51* 5*Jb *04 996 ^auerCOS 

70 7 803b *0.7 990 yaucNEimr 

323 851 *«i *13 ISr*™?: 

IS! i * 130 »• 1 «» 

i'.-r 5 I Income 6 Grower 49 J 523 -02 230 

Exm Vriu me 
Do Accwn 
For Eastern me 
Da Accwn 

Fund Ol fttr me 2125 225J *05 232 

Da ACC 5302 350.0 +05 232 

General mcome 5313 572Jp +25 4.10 
Do Accwn ClfJO 1137# +005 4.10 
G41& Fried M 570 563b +05 963 

Oo Accwn BSD 802 +07 963 

Gold mcome *03 *35# -01 287 

DO Accwn 423 457 -0.1 237 

Man fncome tne 2745 2910 +U 5 62 

Da Accum 728 1 7713 +33 532 

M Growtfi me 677.4 7243b -0 7 2J5 

DP Accwn. 0030 1136# -OJJt 225 

MRI me me 533 S7.I -OJ 5J77 

Jkxui ( Gen Inc 564.9 SOI 0 «ij DOS 

Do Aceum 6050 0*4 3 +13 008 

Japwi Smeller Acc 7*3 73.4 +01 0.03 

Mrirind 6 Gen me 4775 500.1 *08 440 

Do Aocwn C11 71 1242 *002 4*0 
Recovery Fund Ine 295.1 3123b -04 3A2 
Oo Accwn 3702 400 9 -05 3*2 

second Gen rnc BC7J 6*39 -33 370 

Do Accum £1 1.85 1256 *306 3 70 

Smeher Cos Inc 577.6 SI8Dp +2J 230 

Do Acoxn 9013 9043b *3 4 280 

Trustee Fund kri *01 4 4295 *33 434 

Do Accum £11 J3 1113 +O.C* 434 

ChAiricna Vie a it»7 # *1311.74 

Do Accum IS 3214 P +5311.74 

Orerfwri Inc (23 33*3 330 Op . . 6 15 

Do Accwn (2) 8023 6712b .. 6 15 

Pewxxi Erempi fl) 4068 *252 .. *73 

NAACtfmcra 343 # +06 900 

Do Aceum ft *07.1 b +73 9.00 


ra-JSTJSS” ** UjnSC " EC 2“ «TR 

01-623 4273 

EI0J3 1055 +410*514 Sottal 


1941 2063 -21 1.32 Japan Grower 

^ *C.r 606 eStew. Growth 

*03.7 4273 +M 630 UK Grawtn 

1065 1161c -15 2.0* Pacte firomn 

1J1 1 1*0 J -23 234 Mgn mcome 

2115 2253 *05 2.87 PnnoStom 

3302 350.0 +05 232 Do Accwn 

1X6 14&4P *06 439 
1*56 154 0b +08 *99 
1033 110 4 +03 *63 

•07 6 114 4 *0 5 4 83 

151 0 160 6 -U 000 
167 0 1704 .13 goo 

05 4 094# -08 0.10 

662 70*b -0 0 0 ia 

AS. Breen Si EC2P 2LX 
01-626 0011 

BrtKh True IAM9 40&J 5174 +20 3J0 

Capital Trial Unas 90.6 Kra +0J 2B7 

MWri«v mewte Fd 670 tup * 0*536 

Capital Tnai unis 
OoTre Tnat Unas 
Ewcewn Tnat 
Far EAM True! 
rV wn rit l Tnxn 
Cm Fired Int me 
Da rwowci 
Hgh Tran Tnat 
mc bmB Tnat 
Japan Tech Tst 
Naarrai Hesowiwi 
Secwity Trust 
Smaiw Cos 
Spend SM 

903 96 «P *03 287 
1700 1894 -14 in 

1029 109SP +02 0.90 

073 103.8 -18 229 
3»7 3*7 » +2.4 JB 

27 7 2B0c .. 10.16 
S« 41.7b .. 3 35 

SM 59.0 . 556 

70.4 743 +01 522 

107.7 1146# -00 336 

3Q7 32 7 p -OS 0.45 
29 0 309 -0.1 240 

1005 1772 +12 329 

712 758 *02 1.72 

650 91.1c +0.7 201 

40.7 529 
702 751 
325 348 
420 4*7 
520 550# 
475 508 
363 30J 
232 3TJ 
469 *99 
BO 087 

Do Acoxn BO 08 


252 High Hotmrn. WC1V 7EB 
01-405 8*41 

-02 290 
*08 210 

-1.0 290 
+0J 1» 
-03 070 
-01 010 
♦01 2 70 
*0.1 270 

Do occom 343 966 -02 4 13 

mccme 15T4 1629P *09 5 '3 

Do Accum 334 6 3570b -215 13 

me mcome sa 1 1027 -0* an 

Do Accwn '326 1*15 -04 Q77 

Jap Snft Cos Ac 1039 HI 1b -OJ 0.10 
Smppore 6 Malay 400 *9 1 -07 1 43 

Do Accum 4&0 50.1 -07 1 43 

SmaBer COS Inc 114 5 1224 *0 J 1 01 

Do Accum 1105 1378 *0.4 1 61 

Soeaal sn me 923 98 7 .. 141 

Do Accwn 955 1CC1 .. 141 

Tokyo Fund me 1560 1676 -12 020 

Do Accum 1x0 1889 -12 026 

US Smaier Co s Ac 548 568 

UKEqwiy Inc 932 900 

_ Oo Aocwn 1*25 1SZJ 


*02 4 13 fT"* 0 Z Rja °' 0001 LOndC " EC4V 

f !3 01-240 1250 

American Growth 
General Growth 
Octal Teen 
tncome Growin 
Pwome Monro 
J«s«n Grawth 
O' seal Grcwm 
Smauw Coe 
Swear Open 

346 36 9c -01 079 
*6 9 505 -OS 2 77 
J7 7 *04 +02 C 10 

53 0 57 J -Ol 5 01 
*3 7 *56# -0 3 7 03 
29S 315 *02 010 

Xt 420 +01 1* 

525 509 -01 191 

508 605# -OJ 170 

Soecot ferer 
Pensions & 1 

932 990# -08 324 
1*25 1533# +12 22* 
0780 7251# .276 

1055 1120A *27 177 
014.1 5408b +51.9 358 


91-99. New Lcncon Ra. Chekrotard 
03*5 51061 

Oowtfr Fieri Inc 
Do Accwn 
income Fund 
Inti ERwiy me 
Do Accwn 
Urnr Trust Inc 
Oo Aocum 

790 8(0 
1167 134 1 
105.0 1123 
1092 H62 
1089 1159 
112* 1196 
1925 20*6 

38. Si Anarewa Sa Edrauwi 
031-556 0101 

mil mcorn* Unas 
Do Accwn 

1X5 1*31 
1902 310 lB 

Craemco me ft 4122 *30 7 
Do Accwn fS] 672 « tqj 4 
Fwsng Fieri M) 2113 230 7 
Do Accwn 1*1 237 6 250 * 

FKng Am A Gen (*> 3'58 227 2c 
Do Accwn |4| 242 b 255*c 

FxNMQ Me Fw>d l*J 1534 1605 
5 & W Anre ft 1404 1560 

SlW Amar ft 
S & W Smb Sea 

140 4 1M9 
1138 119 0 

19 St Aralrewe Sq. Edxbwgh 

*0 Han Sheet Heraev On Thanes 
0491 57666B 

031 225 toll 
IM Eouoy 


2369 354 J 
1685 1905 

1807 1710 
14M 1S1J 
129.1 1X1 
1X3 1X3 

S m e tre Cos Inc 
Oa Acaan 
TrioM* Fww It 
Do Accum 
Chaittond Vie a 
Oo Aocum ft 
Cnanfwri Inc ft 
Do Accwn ft 

Alter Growin 
mn Emerg Co's 
Far Earn GraiBi 

222 Bsnpwa. London EC2 
01-247 75*4/7 


60.4 71 3b -02 T 07 MANAGERS 

71 3 760 -Cti 007 109. Vincent Si Glasgow G3 5HN 

582 625 .. 1.10 041-240 6100 

r_ IK Eqwty 1529 1627 

CM E Fixed 1070 114.7 

” 02 UK Sn» Co‘5 Eg 1X0 13V0 

High mewte 
Comr 0 (Ml 
Far Eastern 

-04 1 51 N Alter 

-0.0 e.«0 I Pacte 

Eqxty Exempt 
Do Accum 
UK Market Feez 
Do Moan 
Japan Iri rtonix 
Do Accwn 
US Specul triad 
Do Accum 

3539 300.0 
443J 4638 
60 3 6*3 
BIS 668 
34 B 101. t 
9S2 1015 
621 M2 
625 06.7 

♦18 274 
♦21 274 
+0.1 2.16 
+01 216 
+02 0 14 
*03 0 14 
-03 054 
-a* 084 

y GMk L*nb»i SW1H 9AS 

01-222 IOOO 

M Bnt 4 CTsees 
Bt FkWl Mcome 
IBB Securer G« 

1223 1302 
54 * 575 
5*8 57.0 
014 647 

“ ^ 0 £S! ^ ’ s, • London ECS 
01-623 0000 

AMT Grow# me 63 0 660# -03 110 

Do ACM 04 4 6SJp -a 3 

FWIO irrnmne 17 1 165c -0.7 274 

Do Aocwn 715 232 1 -09 

Rrei rrao me 1130 119.0 -a# so* 

Do Accum 182.7 193 7 +1 I 

mi Recovery me 069 99 1 -05 1.75 

Do ACC lire 90 9 98.4 -05 . . 

Japan Gromit ft 67 4 721 +10 .. 

to ACOrm 07 7 724 »| 0 

SmaAer Cos me 133 3 I -MS +18 209 

Do Nxran 173* 107 1 *| 2 . 

UK Eq Growth Ine 253 XT* . . t m 
O o Accwn 41 3 43 Be 

WanamdB Teen inc 400 *38# OJB 
Do ACaen 40.1 428 JH . 

p«rey HOUM. CdpBrid Are. EOT 7HE 
01-5A 7*00 

Majrte fi/nf 370 4 376.0# . . 5 00 

Kitanauanb i Gen 21B 1 2212b . . 088 


9. Reytmm Hoed. BrarmoOd Essex • 

0277 <S*o34 

Equihr DvrOWron 2*79 265 1c +15 2 30 
Do Aceum 3636 410 3c +23 230 

Do Income 540 578# +02 5 '9 

Ewopean 598 63 7b -05 130 

Far Easfwn 8! 1 614 061 

Gat Trust 71 5 75 7 +0 1 029 

im Managed 667 718 +02 iJa 

Nalrnl Has 4* 1 *72 ..373 

N American True) 702 751b -013 SB 
UK speed S«s 53.7 57 4 *0.4 286 

Gori A Prepare Met *o 2 436c -02 198 

Do Accum 41 1 44.7c -02 198 

USSpecre me 54.0 584# lor 646 

to AOCum 581 KIM _n r C44 

Ewopeen Prirt me 075 722c +1.1097 

to Aocwn 070 722c +1.1 087 


oaaw™" 9 ^ “E»* »« 

toter W 30 • 31 0 *02 236 

mla meemaaonal 40 5 492 -0* 1 07 
MAOBIW 225 230P *2,1093 

WA Ewopean 25 , 26.6 -02 093 


l^roitoy. toe-bO. tot# 

96.4 1027 -Q4 1 SI 

157 5 1070 -ttfi 4.40 

849 90 Op +04 593 
130 t 137 7 +11 031 

1326 1426 +0.7 217 

175.7 1063 +03 1.13 

1119 1203 -0.4 067 

73.7 782 *0.| 5.18 


si-os. ifttrt m. more Esiex. igi ?dl 

01-476 3377 

Jbbom EqWty 380.4 3997 +20 3J6 

Ewopeen 71 I 758 +0.7 096 

rrobom Conwns 50.9 54 1 . . 0 90 

HoriomHMMnc 59 6 623 +02 665 

HoBxtm BIO 631 683# *01070 

Japanese 678 72 le -03 005 

N Amencen 62, 680 183 

MoBOm Spec Site 559 594 -03 272 

Modern UK Qrowtfi 717 78 3p -0 6 111 

ftadom Ok Trust T622 109 3 -08 064 

91-45 Greenem Sl Lcmocn EC2V TLH 
01-600 4177 

1529 1627 
107 0 114.7 
1X0 13V0 
1559 1659 
1037 1103 
1X0 127.7 

29. Charlotte Sa Ebndwgn 
031-226 4372 

418 4A8 -01 

317 3*0 -01 079 

33.0 35,4 -05 0 7B 

39.7 425# +0.1 5*41 


PO Box 002 EtXnbwft EH16 SBU 

oil-ess earn 

Pte Eq Inc 207 9 221 J 

Do Accwn 237 5 2528 

3a Oft Rd. London ECIT 2A+ 
01-818 6011 

Amor Tech 8 Gan 1003 107J 

-23 3 15 
+27 315 

0272 732341 

AtoWhan 594 

Oo Acc €14 

C4MM 2958 

to Accwn 522€ 

E.empi 253 4 

to Accum 5695 

Par Eastern 136 3 

Do Accwn 1453 

F*» 8 Prop 40 1 

_ Oo Accwn 7i 4 

GAt Capra 1173 

_0o Accwn 13i 7 

Get Mcome >04 * 

Do Accum 1030 

H01 rreo 48 6 

Do Accwn 1030 

moome 204 7 

to Accum 620 8 

mo Earwigs 750 7 

DO Accum 217 7 

lrm Growth 7g 1 

to Accum 72.6 

Japan Grown Acc 00 1 
Nanirai Reaoutcoa 1993 

. to Accwn 227 9 

N Amer Growtn 1172 

to Acc 1359 

Prer U)7g 

to Accwn 268 6 

SnwAarCosOnrmc 40} 

59 4 636 -04 1 44 

614 60 7 -06 1 A4 

2958 3137# *10 304 
5226 554.2b *17 10* 

253 4 2699# -13 T42 

5695 6065b -29 142 
1353 144 0c -12 080 
1*5 3 1565c -12 OM 

*61 491# +03 400 

7i* 751# -03 400 
117] 121 9c -0* 0 07 
111 7 137 0c —04 697 
104* TOP 3 -041023 

1030 1099 -001023 

40 6 910 -OJ 671 

1030 H06 *06 6.71 

204 7 217 (c +1 6 593 
6208 6564c *47 593 

150 7 1H5 *06 29* 

S17 7 231 9 +03 294 

701 7*7 -05 030 

72.6 77 4 *0.6 090 

80 1 B5.7 . 020 

1599 1703 -0.7 2*1 

227 9 2420 -OS 247 

1172 1254b -02 094 

1359 M54b -OJ 004 
107 9 IIS 0 1 1 32 

2M0 2X1 . 1132 

Quadrant General 
Cawwant mccme 
Ouawim me Fa 

375 3 3998 
2051 2IB2 
350 3 3M 0 

toadrem Recovery 228 7 3433 
Si Svrriww Line, London EGaP 4 DU 
01-290 0450 

Amer Tech 8 Gen 1003 107J 0.10 

Pacte 133* 142.7 +03 085 

Sec Income Fnd 1524 ib 3 .i« +13 5 10 
SoeaM SAueMte 1828 1950 -10 1 58 

Eteroy 6 Rns 2*5 202 -as 0 to 
Amencan Manx* 67 4 72 1 250 

Smaa Cos 33 4 36 7c -01 208 

Japan Teen A Gen 714 704 -1 0 0 10 

mternaaorul Income S3 1 5&0b +04 6 JM 
ExerftcX 4065 531 3 . 256 

UK General 26.9 283 +08 310 

to Accum 
Smaier Cos 
to Accwn 
Spoon Sax 
to Accwn 
Ewopean Grown 

5*5 sat P 0 57 
167 0 177 .9P +06 267 
2222 2367b -09 267 
900 955 -OJ 23* 
934 995 *02 234 

07 1 92 0c +14 140 


raSaf - * 81 s " Vh '* SP ’ ^ 

Gro— nn llntt 
Gft ( Fared W 
HKH tncome Liras 

Mgh Yield Get IM 
ms Graupr Una 
N American Urvtt 
Far Ear UrMS 

Smn tpi Cm Fund 

80 1 702 *03 3 16 

1021 10S.7P +28 617 

105.4 106.7 +14 8 07 

5*8 538# +051IJ3 
10*7 1113 -04 041 1 

-02 055 I 

« rag +10 0*6 i 

89 1 028 *03 149 I 

NC Anna me 

to Accum 
NC Energy Ret 
NC Income 
NC Japan 
NC SmaBer Ok 
MC Sor* EWOpCt 
NC Everran oa 
NC Alter (hop 
NC Property 

250.7 273.0 +07 1 11 

276.1 2937 +09 1.11 

1*0.1 1490 -02 281 

80.0 ffiO -a* 4 14 

137 6 1*6 3P +05 003 
1216 1293c +02 237 

■ 1*2.0 151 0 +0.0 0 40 

E11GD 1210 .. 738 

S115T 1210 .. .. 

1065 190 3 .. .. 


Uj«n. «J. 2S2 Romriro Rd. £7 

“»WP 1224 1302 


S: a g^S? ,n,&EC « 8AS 

Do Accwn 

Do Income 
Far Eestwn 

am Trust 

Amer Growpi 
to Aocwn 
Amer Incwte 
DO Accwn 
Ewopeen Gnmi 
to Auwn 

®I 6 Freed Accwn 60.4 903 

92 8 987 -<LS 101 

960 102 1 -05 101 

472 502 -0.1 490 

«4 514 -03 4.90 

1052 1118 _04 141 

1*1 VIJS -04 1 41 

2828 237 0c *12 247 
3M 8 301.7c +10 J47 
Bl 0 82 4 +03 030 


33 Kng Wbam SlreeL London EC4R 9AS 
01-638 5670 
American (41 2168 2230 . . 2J£ 

Secwires ft 540 0 655 OP ..270 

1*yt TWO ft 1JM 141.5 . . OZ8 

Mertn ft 3500 3560b *70 211 

Fired mreeat tS85 1598 -05 268 

Hrgn tnraresi 1180 1198 . 1281 

F« East ft tfiij 1650 . . 030 


1 . London W3» Brim. London EC2M 5PT 
01-680 3644 Ext X7 
Speoat Sns ft *05 493 


2 George Sr. Eoeburon ga 2X2 
OJi 225 2552 

rnemreume 2262 2«.5 +32 

Oo Aocwn Una 2*73 266 7 *35 


46. Crimean Sq. Eomburrei 
031-228 3271 

Wlwal Kes 
N A m encan Tnat 
UK Sf*&M Stri 

nobetrera tot Ggim^i+SM. Wtarlhmg. W 
0444 409144 

Babraxd 166* 1779 +03 317 

toAMv* 2931313.4 +10 317 

eremite *5 3 *S *b .. 39C 

to Accwn 500 53* 392 

Extra mcome 1397 1*9* -0.9 5.61 

Do Accum 247 0 264 1 *16 581 

Gemrei Gtfi me 57 1 610 +19 0 30 

DO Accwn 571 010 -19 030 

Mcwre 236 8 253 2 +10 4 75 

DO *CCWn 4595 41.4 -10*70 

mo Tea- i«a 1807 -02 053 

Do Accum 170J 1005 -OJ 0 * 

532 560 

532 560 

japan Grower 
to AcSum 
N Amer 3 Gen 
Do Accwn 
Puete toam 
to Accwn 

+03 3 IT 
+16 air 
.. ase 

-0.9 5.6i 
*10 591 
+19 030 

*19 030 

•10 4 75 
-1 0 475 
-02 058 
♦03 0 58 
*05 002 
*05 002 

Dd Accwn 
Oo Acorni 
Do Accwn 
to Accwn 
Lrempt Dtp 
Erempi Accwn 

£! 4 
J2-1 +SS* -03 413 
200 0 2130 -0 7 126 

2*70 2636 -08 12S 

1084 1163b . . 080 

1(1.4 1109b . 000 

1644 1748 +04 279 

173 9 104 9 +«4 2-79 

2060 214.4b . . Zfirt 

310 1 3279b .. 290 

Net* HK POM. Liverooa LOB 3 hs 
051-227 4422 

Eqjft Trust 55 B SB 3 

kn Trow 62 7 666b 

CM Trust X 3 26 6 

US Tnat 256 31* 

Paohc Baarfl Tst »7 32.6 

Amencan Fund 
to tecum 
Do wena a vm 
Auarxlan Real 
Do Accwn 
BnWir Fund 
to Aocwn 
European Fund 
to ACCWn 
Japan Fuia 
Do A«cvn 

UK Era oy 1130 119 0 +04 

TiS 2^2 aesm 1100 1174 -07 

■KW 6M N Amer 114 4 121 J -08 

♦08 310 65 Hot&ont liana ECIA 2EJJ 

01-230 3053 

I SOT & 2?® ,ne 167 5 170 3b -1 0 7 PS 

2410 2S73 *15 209 

154 104 7 1X5# +1 7 453 

” M fS^S 3 "* 3 6' “-S* *03 29* 

Tf g<? H80 1255 -09 372 

CriAmrm .176 9 198 , .1 3 372 

4 Gen !6f 591 -04 132 

Master P ontate |4| £5* 6* 56 05 -1223*2 

+32 323 R0*gawv Rom «S 1009 1070 aw 

*3b 1 ^ 


7 Dnmnn Sa Lonowi EC2 

Amenan Trust »2 103 -n.i t« 

* £? 1*^5 G **’ 689 733 . 1*0 

.. 2.14 M U Gro wn 569 608 *0 1 1.70 

. 2.T4 mcome Trua 709 703 -OJ 500 

■ ■ 4*4 j6Pl Sitovlh 75 1 807 *0.3 0 20 

Ed* 6 Gen 

2104 224 1 .. 214 W Growth 

2363 251 7 . 2.T4 mcome Trua 

1523 1S22 .. 2 1* /sen Growin 

1128 1201 -08 097 Srea* Cmpnu 

1143 1214 -08 097 Teenrrology 

6104 552.1c -21 *34 kuetnka 

6903 7348c *27 *3* UK Tnni 

2361 2514 +2? 086 European Grown 

2*66 264 7 +18 OX Kong 

2361 2514 +27 ox 

2*06 264 7 +,3 gag 

mi 9 S7 0e +a 2 ojs; 

S4U 25B*C *22 036 

1463 154/4 *31 

Naval Lonowi House, Co*cfbMer cot IRA 
0208 576115 


ton ^no» MB*, itotriren. Sueee. 

0*03 56233 

&**ft Tnat Acc 3533 37M +10 
N Am Tno, Ate 5* 3 57 7 J)2 
FW Eisi Truer Acc 61 J 052 *01 

fTgVgrym 1 ** ’SSZ 'S<*« *15 200 

I*^g°07 MO 37 7 . 020 

.n??” 41 5 44 7p -00 1 50 

UK Tnat 1 16 1 1X7 Z50 

SS 453 *04 120 

•ring Kong 208 22 J r 3fi 230 

13. Cnj n ° ,t * Sa. Eonawan 
031-225 IXl 

^^freiGwi 17] iSSb +01 015 

'J 1 150 -C2 020 

totMkenBMGdi 46 8 50 0 3 00 

to! ?.« 

31028 105.9b -06 BIO 



CcwiwMa Hta. Shrar 3 l Heed. Sheffiaa &1 3RD 
07*2 79842 

Amsneeir Growth 
GapM Accwn 
G4t mcome 
mgn Income 
Income 0 Grown 
Japwi Oeretn 
Special Sas 

785 83.6b +0.i 094 
162/4 1720 +12 935 

57* 5*2# +03 929 
£1 «1e -18 5.7C 
82 9 882b *0.7 485 
633 07.7 . on 

no 97 5 +05 l.Sfi 


ROB* 3- Kdens hj*. A ndover Hants SPlO IPG 
026* 82188 DeatngtQ264 S32 1PG 9n Dt, 

Afflbioninc 1092,102 *07 ox • k- 

to Accwn ,137 12 ij) +08 OfS 

^4 EC2 BBT 

S32U 6*32 ®" Didtoh Fund 606 BIS -02 138 

1092 1162 *07 095 * Glvidena S Cutn dividend K 

1137 121H +Je gs Cura MOCK spill, a ETM^Ic Sni ' m 
*7 ijSJjb +05 S.® Sf*^n ,, ri^ nv . twa or a 

1120 1202b +35 5.72 SLSiL' '*2^ .* mw,f O* bbovw 

(433 152.9# +10 287 ? valualKwi days *1 1 Mod 

233® 2*68# +10 20+ L.T , - 5 ' WedneUNr id- 

«7 *87# +02 913 SSSSSf^i aL* tS**' ' ao > 2SH °* 

M? 624# +03 s 13 /», V« Si, 1 " "month 

(92.7 2050 +1.0 *59 M 

295 7 3146 -15 4 V) ri«J.£5K! 124 1 3rd TutriMy 

(220 1305 £1 «2S' «« arw 3rd Th&SS 

ia 7 ms 072 fz7 rT.JP T u«Udy m monm. 

200 8 265 8 +08 100 Sl 

■SI1M “3!» Sj5“S i Ll5.!S"VM 
gj g? ks 41 ‘^nsss .-sa ,3 

in S-! SJL'fKf!.-, "aru-VB*. 

96 9 103.6# -0.1 1O6 
1042 1114 +01 1 00 

963 '02 6# *02 0 3' 
1G05 107 4b -31 037 

Smoiiw Cos A Net 16DO 171 1 
to »eewn 1753 190 5 

Worio+nle Growtn 153 2 17* 5 
to Accwn 220* 2*4.2 

Cape# Merene 
to Accwn 
Comroawiy A Om 
Do Accwn 
Errs Hign Inc 
to Accum 
OM S firm Inc 

to ACC UV> 
htwi y«d 
to Accwn 
to Acoait 
-ware 0 Pette 

to ADOirtt 

N Alter r ea l’ bri 
Do teewn 
Ov+neus Growifr 
to Accwn 

725' T7-3 -0.1 252 

97 S TO* * -02 252 

1090 H03 *02 110 

1510 1611 -0.5 3.10 

533 566 *04 640 

60 3 04 3 +D.S 0*0 

516 5* Oc *02 9 78 
01 S 65 1 6 -02 9 76 
1353 1443 *00 0.04 

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1530 1832b +1 D 196 
249 0 2656# -15 33E 
194.0 3D69s +1 6 022 

m 2 Mft +16 022 

101 3 1009 +12 T23 

1*93 iJ7 2 -06 1.23 

95 7 1010 *09 126 

114 6 1222 +1 1 IX 


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520 540 +021133 

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1*0 1133 -05 386 

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iy l*S*> 

power struggle 

Like any good strai 

SS nSU, ^^ nofG ECs authorities ^fthe mark* 
mont£! W **“ aooU,CT five short by over £100. nriffion. 

Predictably, short-term peri- 

So it came as no surprise od rates "firmed. This did 
l ^ al yesterday’s figures for sterling- no harm.- . - 

the third quarter were foiriy 
muted, showing only a mmfl 

■ „ player in die gilts market. 

P* 0 ®* 1 ® £41.9 million closing up its short positions 

. t ~ *vu uimiu u|; ip luou uniuam 

wmS K* - of Wednc sday evening. But 

^ een ^ rai ^ 50B even the buying power of th£ 
Detter but for exchange rate Thundering Herd foiled to 

uener out lor exchange rate Thundering Herd foiled to 
movements. curb the traders’ fundamental 

Though fairly unexciting in bearishness. The vogue move 
themselves, the figures con- was making the switch out of 
lained several interesting *99 stocks into, say, ’94 
pointers. As a result, the stocks, given the record terms 
shares rose 4p to 212p_ and hoping for a reversal as 

The company is particular- ,1!! S?P !:r ,S’ I ? ai ‘ a f ¥ Mi 
^ proud oHl p£Sy * ' an ^T 

improvements, following a ccatury ZODe " 

3,700 foil in the number of BOC 

employees. Theoretically that — 

alone could save the com pa- Lest investors be side- 
ny about £40 millioaa year, tracked by its astute currency 

switching exchange, has sud- ^J^bs to allow for the effect 
denly becomTprofitable. ®f exchange rate chares and 
Having lost moneyfcst year ^company's suocesAl for- 
and only broken even in the Y 2 ™ cur T enc * 
first six mouths of the current ^ a , resu * t P 1 **®* profits for 
year, it made profits of £8 g* toeuuw** ip Decem- 
million in the third quarter 

n n (folivArtAc increase to £37.9 million on 

Lest investors be side- 
tracked by its astute currency 
management, BOC has re- 
stated last year’s first quarter 
profits to aflow for the effect 
Of MrhaTig p rate diany« and 

the company’s successful for- 
ward currency transactions. 
As a result pretax profits for 
the three months to Decem- 

on deliveries of £47 miUion.- 

saks 4 

l per o 

cent ahead at 

The market was encour- 

WhiJe BOC is now reaping 
the benefits of selling forward 
560 million at an average rate 


the swings and roundabouts 

sretM that profits in- me ^ ^ a ' considerable 
current quarter could rise to 

»« m.u-h at, «in^. adverse impact on Australian 

of the currency game have! 

ias much as £58 million, "rSEn S 
the total for the year to 

?L2- fbrmance ted to an initial 

year's £164 rnfflioiL Given i nb. f^Z 

the extent of the fim-half 

snomau, this recovery would ■ >n rnn 

provide a strong platform for J~r v 7 t , J 

a defence if GEC Is allowed to The blackspot, as expected. 

renew its bid. was the carton electrodes 

-™ - - . business in the United Slates 

The forPfessey is wfaicb ^ a first 

that its figures for the full year quarler ^ monlh ^ io^ 

| are going to be very closely 
scrutinized lor accounting 
changes. It has traditionally 
adopted a policy of smooth- 

ing profits, for example, by ^ ^ . , - - . t. 
using redundancy provisions. . ^ etL ’ cruc * a i£ or “Shting Japa- 
But it still has £60 million in nese ““P®rts. volume have 

funning at more than. £1 

With the help of the 
"dollar’s w eakness a gainst the' 

vu> n A<\/y •• hi iim ■ in — __ m 

provisions for contract war- ? ow rec 9 vere ^ K “ 
ranties and marantee* lower pnees. The predicted 

ramies and guarantees, £16 prewciea 

million, ofroat retatii® *k , sate of . tbc btuan^os 
System X. ■ * means imminent, Imt at least 

„ ' ” the mice at which BOC is 

If all goes welL at least talking is more cheering. 

5 ZJrA SSoS .. The first quarter is tradi- 
rion should cease tq_ grow. SSSLSSJfSJEffjS: 

This would boostprofits sig- 

nificanzly, a point that will in Bntam and m 

not have escaped GECs no- “eFarEasL ; 

ce. The health care division 

P«U performed strongly, belying 

VjIltS • fears that growth was slow- 

t ■ • bag. There was particular 

Like nostalgia, the nom- s^cfo ^ anaesthetic gases. 
?rsarenoi what they used to aBt j patient monitoring 

bers are not what they used to 

be Time was when policy ^STd^hiSS 


econo HH c costs associated with the re- 1 

data enjoyed a I ^ lson f b,e organization of the.equip- 
correlation. Sadly, those hat- m Stbi5ness. 

cyon days are now just dis- 
lam memories, to foe chagrin 
of foe analysts. Hence 
yesterday’s halving of the US 

Since foe beginning, of foe 
ar BOCs shares have risen 
sm around 280p, partly on 

real growth rate in the fourth speculation that the carbon 
quarler last year from an business was about to be sold, j 

initially reported 2.4 to 1 2 stand on a likely 

per cent squares oddly with pnce-canungs ratio of 10, 
Mr Volcker’s comments to as ^ l 1 . m,n 8 profits of £195 
Congress on Wednesday that fafta- additional dt- 

• ^ • nrpriflliAnl T-Vorrlltv 

the economy was growingara P^eci at ion).. Hardly 

reasonable dip. overfenumdrag. but tamings 

Discount rate cuts? Hardly, arc. not 
judging by foe US bond w l“ 1 Pf 
traders reactions to the fig- °* 

are ' not going to keep pace 
with profits growth because 
of a rising tax charge and 

^ B^ds wld off on & declining additional depreti- 

revised GNP data, suggesting anon- 

in turn that New York is . ■ Analysts are now looking 

more inclined to believe foe to next year when BOC will 

words of the Fed than .foe US no longs' have foe benefit off 


its fancy currency footwork. 



meat hi principle with GGA 
Corporation for the sale .of iis 
subsidiary, Meycrcord, to GGA 
for $17.4 million (about £12 
million), sidnect to audit. At 
Dec. 31, 1985. the unaudited 
book value of the" Mcyercond 
assets and business was 
million. The proceeds wfll be 
used to reduce Johnson's debt 


terim dividend 4.9p (4.2pk pay- 
able March M- For the half-year 
to Jan. 31. 1986, gross income 
from investments £531,000 
(£529.000). Balance before tax 
£445.000 (£43I,000 )l Earnings 
per income share . 7.467p 
(6.967p) and per capital share 
0.747p(0.697p). ■ 

the six months to Dec. 31, 1985, 
the company is paying an 
interim dividend of M p (same) 
on April 14. This now brings foe 

. with minimal debt and. assets 
per share , at book value of 64p. 
The board is confident that toe 
second haff of the-year will see a 
.return to more substantial levels, 
of profitability . 

company, an associate of RTZ, 
is paying a final, dividend of 85 
cents, making a total of R1.80, 
for 198S. Pretax profit R 189.33 
mifltmr (about £64 'million), 
against R1J239 million. 

TIONS.' Final dividend 0.-7p, 
making. 4^> (Zip). for the year 
to' Sept 30.1985. Sales £IJ7 
million (£875,000)- Pretax profit 
£672,000 (£219.000). Earnings 
per share 10.2p (6.1 pX The 
board envisages further growth 

in profits in the coming year. 


company more huo fine with 
the dividend cover of Z4 tunes 
envisaged at foe time , of the 
flotation. Turnover £6.88 mil- 
lion (£5.75 mflKoul- Pretax 
profit £441,000 (£248,000). 
Earnings per share Z2p (M7p)- 
The board reports that this 
result represents a strengthening 
of both volume and margins. 

CROUPv The company- is 
reporting for for half-year tp 
Dec 31, 1985. compared with 
foe half-year fo Oa 31, I98A 
Turnover £4.03 million (£555 
million). Pretax profit; £30.000 

tiKUUK unai oivideoa i.4p, 
making 2Ap Qp) for 1985, 
Turnover. Irish £255. 19 million 
(Irish. £245.1 . million). Pretax 
profit’ Irish £18.48 million (Irish 
£14.6 million). 

company has bought Kinch and 
lack fora consideraiiba related' 
to Kmdj’s net worth at Feb. 18, 
1986 and estimated to be about 
£1J raiflkm. Kinch’s turnover 
for the 12 months to Ffefc" 15, 
1985 was£l .85 million, produc- 
iuga loss before' tax bF£l 0,094 
Kinch has also sold its freehold 
property at Worthing for 
£835,000 in cash and has ex- 
changed contracts for tire sale of 
its freehold and leasehold 

ordinary share 3Jp (4Jp defi- 
cit). The board reports that- the 
sire of the company's client base 
gives rise to high recumng 
maintenance revenues which 
are currently running, at more 
than £3-2 million annual ly. Ti re, 
balance sheet- remains .strong. 


The properties m each case are 
lo be leased back to Kinclt lor a 
maximum of. up. to two years 



j > 1±S£> 

£5m cash 


Co-op wades into 


Takeover battles thetra^wa; 

^««ujtpower ior as long as dentally, the Bank of England 
no ? eed to 2lterc d its dealing tactics in 
.r” 51 this stage, because the money markets. Instead 
Monopolies Cotnxnis- of undersnppt yfog credit, the 

Merrill Lynch was the big 

. Cullen's Holdings, the gro- 
cery retailer, is lo raise £5.1 
million through a one-for-four 
rights issue. The 2.65 million 
new shares wil be priced at 

Holders of 6.93 million 
shares — 65.4 per cent of the 
issued capital —have under- 
taken to take up their rights. 
The balance of the issue has 
been underwritten. 

The directors forecast that 
the loss before tax on ordinary 
activities for foe year to March 
2 will be not more than £1.4 
million, after charging excep- 
tional redundancy costs of not 
more than £175,000. 

After taking into account 
property profits of about £2. 1 
million, which are treated as 
extraordinary items, after-tax 
profits are forecast to be not 
less than £700,000. This repre- 
sents a significant improve- 
ment m underlying 
profitability since 1985. No 
dividend will be recommend- 
ed for foe current year. 

. Cullen's says that the 19 
convenience stores opened so 
for have produced turnover 
ahead of expectations. 

The company is to continue 
converting the original 
Cullen's stores. In addition, 
the group has acquired six 
sites which have been or win 
be converted. 

The directors say foal foe 
response to foe convenience 
store concept has been so 
encouraging that they have 
derided to accelerate expan- 
sion plans. 

The aim of the rights issue is 
to increase foe company’s 
financial. resources so that it 
can“become a major force in 
high quality convenience 

fail to stir indexes 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Takeover situations and 
speculative favourites domi- 
nated foe markets on a day 
which saw the FT 30 share 
index ease 1.9 points to 
12332. However, the FT- 
$E 100 share index was up 0.7 
to 1492.1. 

On foe bid from, the main 
feature was again the DtstiO- 
ers-Argyll-Gumness triangle, 
following Guinness* increased 
bid for Distillers, accompa- 
nied by a promise to sell off 
some of the enlarged group's 
whisky brands if the bid goes 
unconditional. Distillers 
gained 2p to 628p, Guinness 
tell I5p to 286pand Aigyfl lost 
IOp to 335p. 

BP lost Ip to 535p on 
publication of foil year figures 
at the bottom end of forecasts. 

Among other leaders report- 

FT 30 


mJm ms 

Feb Mar Apr 'May JunJul Aug 5^*001 Mov*Pro Jan Vet> 

ing, Plessey added 2p to 21 Op 
while BOC ended foe day 
down 323p, after touch- 

ing 320p. 
Gilts n 

Gilts reversed earlier'. 3-8 
fells, dosing mixed. Golds 
added 50 cents on balance. 

Banks returned to favour as 
the dividend season ap- 
proached, Lloyds, foe first to 
report, doe next Friday, ahead 
5p to 484p and Natwest up 
IOp to 694p. 

Among companies report- 
ing, Ware Holdings eased 2lp 
to 261p on profit-taking. 
Quest Aito came in - with 
increased hallway losses, 
down IOp to 23p. ' . . 

On the bid’ side, real or 

prospective, Banuah arff1«*d 
6p to 304p on speculation and 
Lonrho. where stake-building 
rumours persist, IOp to 262p. 

Option market: Dealers re- 
ported moderate trading. Calls 
were produced in Grattans. 
OTT. Bum dene, Berkeley and 
Hay Hill, STC and United 
Biscuits. Puts were arranged in 
Plessey and Berkeley and Hay 
Hill but no "doubles*’ were 




Abbott M 
Ashley (L) 
Cable & Wire 
Control Tech 
u-Datron hit 
Davidson Pee 
Fergusn j 

Lexicon Inc 
Macro 4 
Really Useful 

Safeway UK 

228 up 2 
138 dn 1 
320 dnl 
80 dn 3 


131 up 3 


E41 ,fi ia up 3 ib 








169 dn 4 


Barham 147 dn 1 

Cray Bee 290 

Peel Hdgs 485 

Safeway UK £41 15 is up 3 is 
Stormgard 17 





Cecil Gee 

Premier Cons _ 
Cattle's Hidgs . 
Grampian Tv 
BerK Hayhffl 

Br Benzol 




- 183 
.... 14t 




It. 75 



Peel Hdgs 
Safeway UK 
Spey hawk 


Quest Auto 

Petr and 

N London Oil .. 

300 up 5 
10 dn 3 

GrosvenorSq , 


Real Time 

More rapid expansion by 
foe big travel agents is bring 
signalled with further take- 
overs in prospect increasing 
foe threat to smaller agencies. 

The Co-op travel shops 
chain, which has announced a 
£1 million re-launch in a drive 
for more trade, is the latest to 
set its sights on fast expansion. 

Backed by foe cash-rich Co- 
operative Wholesale Society, 
it is following the other big 
chains, including Thomas 
Cook. Pickfords and Lunn 
Poly, . who have launched 
drives lo lift market share by 
increasing their outlets. 

Thomas Cook, foe Midland 
Bank subsidiary, has almost 
400 travel outlets and leads 
the field. Pickfords. part of the 
National Freight Consortium, 
has 280 high street travel 
shops and aims to increase 
their number to 360 in addi- 
tion to expanding the 
PickfoFds business travel out- 
lets. Lunn Poly, part of Thom- 
son Travel, has about 2 1 0 high 
street travel outlets and plans 
substantial increases. 

A.T. Mays, the fost-expand- 
ing Scottish company, also has 
more than 200 outlets and is 
now among foe top six agency 
chains, it is unusual among 
the big chains for being a 
family concern and is headed 
by Mr Jim MoffaL His son Mr 
Jamie Moffat is retail director. 

Mays has more than qua- 
drupled in size since 1983. 

The top 10 agencies account 
for 40 per cent of sales 
compared with less than 15 
per cent 10 years ago. They 
have about 2,000 branches 
which means their strength 
has almost trebled in the 10 

CWS, which has £2.5 billion 

a year in ales, directly con- 
trols 54 travel outlets and it is 
these which are being re- 
launched under a Co-op 
Travelcare banner. This fol- 
lows a successful experiment 
with a Manchester outlet 
where a Travelcare revamp 
pushed up business 140 per 

Among foe independent re- 
tail societies there are another 
110 travel outlets, possibly 
half of which may be candi- 
dates for switching to the 
Travelcare banner. 

But the. aim of Mr Mike 
Grindrod. general manager of 
foe CWS Travel Group, is lo 
have 200 Travelcare units 
open by foe end of next year 
with acquisition foe chosen 
route to bring the additional 
100 units into 

Now the CWS has derided 
to expand in the travel busi- 
ness it can afford to move 
quickly through acquisition 
and Mr Grindrod indicated 
that it could also expand into 
tour operating. 

Like Lunn Poly, CWS plans 
to stick to high street outlets. 

For chains looking to buy- 
ing regional agency groups as a 
quick route to growth the 
supply is drying up. But small 
independents are showing in- 
creasing signs of weakness as 
lower-priced holidays have 
reduced their earnings 

The Association of British 
Travel Agents (ABTA) has 
just over 2,600 travel agency 
businesses on its books ac- 
counting for 6,000 branches 
but there was a record number 
of collapses last year, with 47 
agents disappearing compared 
with 42 the year before. 

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[ 1302 21 . 


^ (I All It B H tVlH B RS,f 


. By Teresa Poole 
A detailed regional approach to the 
problems of small businesses is to be 
launched on March 3 by the Social 
Democratic Party and the Liberals. 

The YVorksearch project is the 
result of 18 months of consultation 
with members around the country on 
how to combat unemployment Cen- 
tra) to the Alliance's policy will be 
greater emphasis on helping existing 

By Hazel Shaw 

John Lister mills 28 tons of pure, 
stone-ground flour eacfa year at 
Shipton Mill, near Tetbury in 
Gloucestershire, and has more than 
doubled his annual turnover since 
starling as a miller in 1982. 

Before that he read anthropology at' ‘ 
Cambridge. Then he and a friend set 

up a painiing-and-dec ora ting busi- 
ness in London, which developed 
into an interior-design firm. It was 
this first successful enterprise that 
enabled him to venture into milling. 

He said: “We were lucky to find 
cheap derelict buildings in an idyllic 
setting within easy reach of the M4, 
and some redundant machinery from 
SpiDers.** In the 1940s factory equip- 
ment, being made to last, was very 
sturdy so though expensive to reno- 
vate, it proved cost-effective to run. 

Mr Lister started milling at a good 
lime. Health-education programmes 
stressing the desirability of the most 
natural foods have continued to 
ensure a demand for his product 
, As Mr lister sees it big millers, 
with machinery' set up to refine white 

Big ideas for little operators 

small businesses to expand, including public utilities, to uris m and enconrag- 
fraining for those already in business. ing new tedmology.There would also 
In keeping with their philosophy of be regional resource centres to pro- 
decentralization. the proposals are ride back-up help for small compa- 
likely to include the setting-up of tries and some regions are believed to 
regional development agencies which be suggesting an indastria! credit 
would be responsible for training, scheme and an overhaul of the British 
industrial development, investment in Overseas Trade Board to help small er 

John’s mill 
grinds out 
a profit 

From studying anthropology at 
Cambridge to flour power, us- 
ing an old plant but modem ideas: 
John lister at his Tetbury 


“Look, are yon absolutely sure 
you*ve got the right place?" 

S ^;Y >'V * 

flour, produce brown flour by putting 
back into white all the ingredients 
which they have already spent money 
removing. Thai means- they are 
obliged to charge more for brown 
flour, he says. 

“White flour is sold at a lower price 
than brown, yet the cost of refining it 
is higher. From my point of view, we 
have a cheap site, cheap machinery 
and none of the heavy overheads of 
the large millers, so we can produce 

Banners unfurled 
for Captain Flash 

■ Licensing deals that are virtually 
franchises are on offer lor a comput- 
erized system producing laminated 
banners and signs which are claimed 
to offer big cost advantages, 
particularly on runs of less than 50. 
me Captain Flash chain is being 
built up by Banacom Communications, 
which daims to be first in fully 
exploiting new instant techniques that 
originated in Australia and were 
then taken successfully by Banacom's 
master company to the US and 

The British offshoot is aiming to 
appoint 50 licensee operators in the 

good. stone-ground flour 

He operates along the M4 corridor 
from London to Cardiff, selling 
mainly to small family bakers and 
shops. He said: “We are lucky in that 
the whole of the M4 corridor is a 
fairly up-market area and there is a 
demand. We probably would not do 
so well in some of the more urban 
places, where people still want crusty 
white loaves or the sliced stuff.” 


first 12 months of operation and 
another 70 in the second year. There 
is a flat licensing fee annually of 
£2,000. The total hardware package, 
including items such as a computer 
and a laminator, would cost about 
£19,5001 The licence fee confers 
entitlement to the software programs 
and covers training. 

■ Contact Paul Vernon, sales 
director, Banacom, Suite 2, 41 Dawes 
Street, London W1Y 1FJ; (01) 493 

■ Luton, Bedfordshire, is run- 
ning a competition to tempt people 
with innovative business ideas to 

companies with their exports. 

The Alliance , is also worried that 
there is a shortage of small premises 
for stait-op businesses and not 
enough Krw-tevd venture-capital sop- 

The regional policies w31 be pre- 
sented at a series of conferences: in 
Glasgow, Leeds, Cambridge, London, 
Manchester and Liverpool, chaired 
by SDP president Shirley WiUhuns. 

In a year Mr Lister sdis enough 
flour to make six million loaves of 
bread. It is all high-quality, ranging 
from English to an all-Canadian 
flour. He said: “Sometimes we mix 
them. English flour has a good taste 
but little volume, while the Canadian 
wheat produces volume but not much 
taste. It is important to supply a 
reasonable range of flouts, although 
from our point of view the fewer 
customers and mixtures we have, the 
simpler it is.” 

In 1982 Shipton Mill received a 
Rural Employment Award for estab- 
lishing a small and successful busi- 
ness in attractively converted 
redundant buildings and contributing 
towards increased rural employment 
Though there had been a mill on the 
site since Domesday, the buildings 
were derelict and had to be complete- 
ly rebuilt before being fined oul 

They needed more space so an 
18th-century barn was transported 
from Hereford and re-erecied to 
blend in. It cost £13,000. A modem 
steel-framed farm building of similar 
size, says Mr Lister, would have cost 
£ 21 . 000 . 

the town and help them start or ex- 
pand their own enterprise, writes 
Salty Harris. 

First prize is £5.000 cash, followed 
by financial assistance for the next 
three years. Second and third cash 
prizes are £3,000 and £1,500 with 
corresponding aid for three years. 

The contest wul be held annually. 

David Turvey, industrial develop- 
ment officer, says: “Schemes may be 
in services, manufacturing or 
something else constructive, but not 
purely retail. 1 * 

The dosing date is March 31 and 
application forms are available from 
the borough valuer, Town Halt, Lu- 
ton, Bedfordshire LU1 2BQ. Tel:(0582j 
31291, extension 2150. 


- 8 .♦ 

An excellent year 

Progress in 1985 ... - per share rose 13% to 34.0p. 

BP recorded excellent results for 1985. Group capital expenditure grew £583 

Replacement cost profits rose 44% to million to £4,398 million and funds generated 
£1,816 million, after tax but before extraordinary WGre £6,070 million, 

All major business areas performed well. Prospects for 1986 
despite weakening crude oil prices and keen Unstable oil and currency markets make 

competition. Refining and marketing turned for an uncertain outlook, 
in a particularlygood result HowevecBFs broad spectrum of business 

Historical cost profits rose by only 14% activities provides substantial protection against 
to £1,598 million, reflecting stock losses caused upheavals in any one market 
by lower oil prices. Extraordinary items amounted Progress in rationalising operations 

to £929 million. Earnings per share increased and strengthening the group's financial position 
to 87.4p, and recommended net dividend provides a sound base from which to enter 1986. 

Price of 
up 10% 

House prices have increased 
by 10 per cent over the past 
two mouths, according to 
Trencherwood, a property de- 
veloper on the Unlisted Secu- 
rities Market. 

The company says the first 
quarter of 1986 has started 
well, helped by mild condi- 
tions in January and despite 
current poor weather. 

It . expects demand to con- 
tinue to outstrip supply, with 
an overall rise of about 17 per 
cent by the.end of the year. 

Trencherwood’s new homes 
land bank, including land 
under option, stands at 2.400 

It announced a final divi- 
dend of 3.7p yesterday, mak- 
ing 5.2p for the year to 
October 31 against 3p the 
previous year. Major share- 
holders are waiving about 90 
per cent of their final dividend 

entitlement. - 

Turnover was £20.08 mil- 
lion. up from £17.13 million, 
operating profit was £3.77 
million (£2.91 million), and 
pretax profit was £3.02 mil- 
lion (£2.58 million). 

In brief 

interim dividend of 0.22p (0.2p) 
is being paid on April 25. in the 
half-year to Dec. 31. 1985. sales 
reached £8.71 minion (£6.85 
million). Pretax profit £320,000 
(loss £97.000). Earnings per 
share 1.02p (loss 0-43p). The 
board confidently expects the 
group result at the year-end to 
demonstrate a continuation of 
the present trend. The company 
is now-in a strong position from 
which to finance further growth. 

The company has arranged the 
placing of £20 million first 
mortgage stock, 2016. The price 
will be payable as to £25 per 
£100 nominal on application 
and the balance by April 25. 

SON: An interim dividend of 
I.75p (l.Sp) is being paid 
Turnover for the half-year to 
Dec. 28, 1985. £1.25 million 
(£699,000). Profit before tax 
£295.000 (£194.000). Earnings 
per share SJKp (3.30pV The 
board reports that lending is 
continuing to advance and ah 
branches show substantial in- 
creases during the first month of 
the year. This justifies the 
board's policy of continuing to 
establish new branches nation- 

The company has decided to 
withdraw from the building and ■ 

I plumbing merchant activities 1 
now earned out by its subsid- 
iary. Feb Distributors. This ] 
division's activities resulted in s 
trading losses of £390.000, plus 
financial charges of £60,000, in . 
1985. Feb has disposed of these 1 
activities to Ashton Vernon for 1 
£600,000. 1 
group has appointed Lloyds 1 
Merchant Bank and Merrill ; 

* 1 1 r* 

il Vi 

From BaBey Morris. Washington 
an Administra- front taking up 

The Reagan Administra- 
tion, in its strongest steel 
action to date, has taken 
retaliatory measures against 
the European Economic Com- 
munity which could result in 
the reduction of 480,000 ions 
a year in European sled 
exports. ~ . 

Mr Clayton Yeuner, the US 
trade representative, said that 
the United States was taking 
the strongest measures at its 
disposal, in effect to retaliate 

from taking up £ny of the t! 
remaining 400,0 CKMca quota f 
now applied to EEC Mori* 
exports. A spokesman fat Mr 
Yeuiter’s office said the action ~ 
was taken in response ta u xbf‘jy* 
unfriendly rctaliauarThy the' 4 '-* 
EEC is barring, Ameridui - 
exports. . - ■ 

The move eliminates afl*“ 
flexibility m steel trade be> 
tween Europe and the United 
Stales, restricting EEC export-' , 
ers to fixed quotas outlined in 

against the EEC for its actions' an earlier agreement. 

ag&inst American products in 
a continuing trade dispute 
over steel. 

The American derision, an- 
nounced yesterday, would al- 
low the British Steel 
Corporation to honour its 
contract with the Tuscaloosa. 
Alabama, steel plant to supply ' 
up to 200.000 tots a year of 
semi-finished steel products. 

But the action meansthai 
British Steel will be barred 

The new arrangement ~ 
would, in effect, cut sharply 
European steel exports at a 
time when both ticks are 
sceknig to boost trade: to 
stimulate their economic' 
growth. . " 

The action limits the share * 
of European finished *teef 
products m the United Scats 
to 4.3 million tons and to 
<600.000 tons for semi-finished 
steel products. 








Balfour managing 
director named 



Balfour Beatty: Mr R C M 
Rankin has been appointed 
managing director. 

Magnavox Systems: Vbr -44 
Robin {pettier ^has tkcimte"4-. 
managmgrii rector. 

The Union Discount Gwa- ”jy 
pany df London: ' Mr John '~Jx 
Sdxter i s to be depmy xhafr-'jjT 
man in succession to Lofd 
Remnant, who will remain 
the board. ' Mr Grame*-- ~ 
Gfkfarist group managing di- 
rector, will in addition 
come an executive' deputy „ 
chairman of the group. 

Crest Nicholson: Mr John 4 v 
St Lawrence has become a 
jam-executive director. - .-y, 

Ruberoid Contracts: Mr 
Brace & Davies has been 
appointed financial director. 

LowfiekJ Distribution: Mr-'*; 
Rub Scribbnts has become. 
managing director. - 

Replacement Cost* 
Profit £m 

Key Financial Results 1985 1984 

Group Profit after taxation and 
before extraordinary items (£m) 

-Replacement Cost 
-Historical Cost 

■ before extraordinary items 

Earnings per share (pence) 
Dividend per share (pence) 









Lynch Capital Markets as joint 
dealers of a S75 million Euro- 
commercial paper programme. 
Lloyds Merchant Bank has been 
awarded a mandate 10 arrange a 
seven-year revolving credit. The | 
short-dated promissory notes 
will he issued .by Lad broke 
Group Finance —a subsidiary — 
and wi]) be available through -ibe- 
deaJers from April 

• DWEK GROUP: The com- 
pany is to buy from Benjamin 
Kay and Co the goodwill, 
trademark, market information 
and order book of Key's PVC 
sheeting, vinyls and coated ny- 
km distribution division. The 
price will be £210,000 cash. 

• KWAHU: For the half-year to 
Dec. 31, 1985, pretax profit was 
£137,000 (£88,000). The direc- 
tors do not expect the second 
half to produce a repetition of 
the exceptionally high profits on 
the- disposal of investments. 
However, in view of the earn- 
ings of l. 20 p per share already 
achieved, they are confident 
that they should be able to 
recommend a dividend of not 
less than the 1 ~25p paid last year 
on the capital as increased by 
the one-for-one rights issue. 

• COCA-COLA: Net income 
for the fourth quarter up 45 per 
cent to Sl.45 a share. 

GROUP*. Bain Dawes is to buy 
Hogg Robinson (New Zealand) 


• ROMNEY TRUST: A final 
dividend of 3.35p is being paid 
on April 2, making a total of 5p 
(4.6pJ for 1985. Gross revenue 
3.86 million (£3.17 million). 
Revenue before tax £3 million 
(£2.07 million). Earnings per 
ordinary stock unit 6.53p 


company, which is based at 
Chatham. Kent, is paying a final 
dividend of 3.5p for the year to 
October 31. 1985, making a total 
of 7.25p, against 6.6p Iasi time, i 
On turnover up from £23.59 i 
million to £27.35 million, pretax . 
profit rose from £4.42 million to 
£4.66 million. However, the tax 
bill is more than doubled at 1 
£2. [9 million, against £849,000 1 

Iasi time, so earnings per share i 
have fallen to 18.8p. Last year, < 
they were 40.8p and 27JZp frilly • 
diluted. The board is confident 

I that during the coming year the , 
group's bouse building opera- 
tions will continue to be buoy- , 
am and that the results for 1986 ' 
will reflect this in a significant 
way. s 

R C M Rankin ” 

Leamington Spa Building Stewefl “B”fYqject Man- 
Society: Mr R Nefll has ^ement Mr Derek Taylor- 
become chief executive. l* 8 * joined the board. 

, Institution: Midland Bask Intematiori- 

Lard Kimball has been named at Mr lad Spfeh t has been 

adtrectw 1 . named as corporate finance 

Don •&. Low: Mr Ahstur director, aerospace. 

McIntosh tes been made _.*• ■ 

product development direc- . ^riJCDevelopinei 
«jr ^ tion: Mr Otto Btoi 

. Edelman Dale Financial: been elected chairm 
Mr Alan J Kennard has been Guinness: Mr Bi 
appointed director. becomes m ana g i n g , 

Taxsoft Mr Mark Scott has Martin Retail Groi 
joined the board. cession to Mr Nicht 

Zinc Development Associa- 
tion: Mr Otto Btomberg has 
been elected chairman. 

Guinness: Mr Brian BayRs - 
becomes managing director of 
Martin Retail Group in suc- 
cession to Mr Nicholas Wand 

Banks raise lending 
to small businesses 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

. Despite increasing competi- particularly attractive, be- 

of ^ h >gh«- risks and 

the big four and their rivals 
stiD have a tendency to move 
at the same time whena new 
idea is gaining momentum. 

Though not strictly new, 
lending to small and medium- 
sized businesses is becoming a 
craze. For sound business 
reasons, the banks are eager to 
join in. 

Three banks announced 
plans this week to upgrade 
their services to small busi- 

Lloyds Bank is to double the 
size of its Business Loam 
Scheme — designed for small 
and medium-sized firms — 
committing an extra £500 
million in lending to the 
scheme this year. 

On Tuesday, Yorkshire 

the absorption of more bank * t ‘ 
management time in assessing 
potential loans. . ;-£r 1 ' 

But although in recent years - 1 
lending to large corporations 
has become less profitable as 
margins have been pared - rf* tt . : 
often to less than 1 per cent — ; jj- \ 
small business lending is 
cally done at between 3 per 
cent and 5 per cent above the « 
base rate. 

Also, the personal banking • .r.j, 
sector is showing signs of ' 
saturation and intense corape- t t V'-i 
tition is not helping profiutbil- -n 

ity- . 

Having put enormous ef- - 
forts into this sector for nearly 
two years, the banks have now 
noticed that small businesses 
are another area ripe for 14 

Bank gave notice of its inten- EdSESL " 

tion to move aggressiveW into u 

the j _anall_ business lending 

market after concentrating for 
several years on building up 
its personal banking side. 

businesses are better orga- 
nized and advised than ever 
before, m.ifciqg n easier and 

^On MondayT* National eva,ua * 2 

Westminster announced a re- IO T u:° an / 1>o , . 

organization of its branch 1 - 25 ^ learm * 

network, which was oartlv 15?!?? recent 

network, which was partly 
aimed at giving a more re- 
sponsive and competitive ser- 
vice to local businesses. 

Tbe definition of a small 
business is inevitably hazy, 
but the market is enormous. 

Of the 1.5 million business- 
es on the VAT register, for 
example, 1.44 million have a 
turnover of less than £1 
million a year. These dearly 
count as small or medium- 
sized firms. 

Then there are those so 
small that they fell below the 
£19.500 turnover threshold of 
the VAT register. 

On the fece of it, lending to 
small businesses may not look 

banking initiatives: there are 
potentially huge sums to be 
made in fees and commissions 
by selling related services to 
small businesses. These range 
from payroll services raid 
financial advice to insurance 
and pension planning. 

Banks have, of course, al- 
ways lent to small businesses 
to an extent. Lloyds estimates 
that it has a total exposure of 
about £3 billion. 

But the new interest the 
banks are taking may at last do 
something to dispel the long- 
standing criticism that they do 
not do enough to help the 
country's entrepreneurs and 
small businessmen. 

Return to profits at ENI 

in at its best 

ENI, the Italian state-owned 
oil and chemicals group, has 
returned to profitability after 
five years of losses with a 
record net consolidated group 
profit in 1985 of more than 
800 billion lire (£350 million). 

Losses had risen as high as 
64 billion lire in 1984, more 
than 1,400 billion lire in 1983, 
and 1,500 billion lire in 198Z 
ENI‘s chairman, Senor 
i Franco RevigJio. said in a 
letter to the Government that 
that the three-year recovery 

From John Earle, Rome 

programme had left the group 
with a solid base from which 
to tackle the reorganization 
and concentration being 
forced on oil and chemical 
industries by the changing 
international energy scene. 

The group's oil refining 
division improved its results 
Hast year as a result of severe 
rationalization which im- 
pwed a sharp drop in primary 
refining capacity. Other divi- 
sions doing well were hydro- 
carbon production and sales. 

^Bneering and services. But - 
chemicals, minerals and 

loles* 0 * 1 teXtikS reportcd ~ 

T he g roup is inc reasi ng fts 
investment for future devel- ' 
opment Capital investment . 
rare IV 1.000 billion lire in 
1985 to reach about 5,700 C 

^ ,- f£2 ' 53 billion)."; 

senor Revigiio said. At the 
Sift group's consoli- "■ 
ftSS $5? felHSy more than 
1.500 billion lire (£660 mil- 
lion). .. , 

in iy 


(Jtfijjf L>° IsSjD 

i » *V0 a a :] :4 i/.l :i 

[S JCMCI»^:i>HJi>i«k'i7n 



Shares lack direction 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began Feb.10. Dealings End Feb 2I.§ Contango Day Feb 24. Settlement Day. March 3 

§ Forward Bargains • are permitted on two previous days. 

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427 206 TT 425 +8 149 34 189 

153 91 TUT V*5 +4 ....... 

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1« 1Kb Trampert Dev 1 62 -I XI 53«7 

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■ • 1X3 -73 89 

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03 r 49 79 
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70 22 Cefmeoff) 
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81 31 CP I ten be Gn 

53 08 113 

28 83 69 

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483 330 UPCE 
;2S3 186b CteQety 

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109 37 124 
21 42 SI 

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200 101 Mron 191 

i&b 52% Vtttroaem PS 

305 M2 VOSSM IB? 

218 98 wan* 213 

172 126 Hton kft 172 

10? Ub Wwartmtt tort W 

185 146 We a t ro s 173 

» 91 WssoniA Kami 268 

272 1Kb tkaoyea d 268 

54 *0 Sir 

73 b wwntn 2' 

11a 45 waetaft 70 

119 69 Wests nr 

285 19b Wh wiro Ram 2« 

112 8* Whessoe 90 

59 30 aa 

£6 45158 
XI 53137 
.. a .. 289 
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29 r 39 139 
XI 28 80 
7.1 X4 70 
19(1 1.4 SI 
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IK 91 Aftpol 119 

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2*3 169 BrdH 173 

320 200 BURTO1 3© 

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209 127 Ertarpriaa UO 

71 S Gerber Enargy SB 

356 200 GtodWNRaa 200 

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361 271 IC Gw 311 

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379 138 LAS** 0 M5 

520 730 Do Urea 255 

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14 30 80 

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+5 1*4 560 . 


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44 1X3 114 38 

-10 .. ..218 

+2 150 7.4 49 


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58 52 133 
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18 13 . . 
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23 09300 
1 X 7 X* 12.7 
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On the waterfront: The sea-front promenade and the old harbour of the island's capftal^Dooglas, noir making an unashamed assault on the holiday market 

r There is a small 
factory in the Isle of 
Man making bed- 
room slippers for 
Marks & Spencer. 
In common with 
most of that retail chain’s goods, 
they are labelled “Made in UK” a 
serious and fundamental error cal- 
culated to hurt the Manxman’s 
pride to the very quick. 

Although only 16 miles from the 
nearest point of the Scottish coast 
and 30 miles west of Cumbria, the 
island is not and never has been part 
of the United Kingdom. Its tiny 
independent parliament ofTynwald 
claims to be the oldest legislative 
assembly in the world, founded by 
raiding Vikings in 979AD: it owes 
no allegiance to Westminster, only 
to the British Crown. 

Yet its fortunes are immutably 
tied up with those of Britain and it 
suffers many of the same ills that 
beset the mainland, the chief among 
them being a decade of economic 
depression and an unemployment 
rate now approaching 10 per cent 
Recently there have been painful 
cuts in some social services, such as 
education and libraries, while oth- 
ers have spiralled in {nice. Recent 
reports suggest that the island’s 
■ reserves are down to the equivalent 
of two weeks’ normal government 

Local residents complain of a 
high cost of living, endemic to 
islands that have to pay high 
transport costs. And there are 
anomalies; housewives complain 
that a pound of locally produced 
beef is cheaper in Liverpool than 

- The return air fare to London 

The optimistic islanders 


costs £124 (although there is now a 
£20 off-peak single fare to Liver- 
pool) and it costs £84 for a car and 
driver to be ferried to the mainland. 

The theoretical advantage of 
independence is that Man can tackle 
those ills with measures entirely 
tailored to local requirements, al- 
though in truth its record of doing 
so in the past has often been less 
than glittering, progress being beld 
back at least in part by a form of 
govern ment so stable that it ap- 
proached ossification. 

Now, after a millennium and a 
bit, things are beginning to stir on 
the island that bis been unkindly 
described in the past as 65,000 
geriatric alcholics clinging to a- rock 
in the Irish Sea. The Manxmen are ' 
'well enough aware that the- first 
condition for political indepen- ' 
deuce is economic independence. 

To bolster a flagging economy, 
and in the hope of reducing the unit 
costs of its social services, the island 
has since last year been pursuing an 
active but selective “New Resident" 
policy. (The government studiously 
avoids the word “immigrant".) The 
current drive for incomers, or 
“comeovers", is the result of a 
similar policy pursued in the 1960s 
and 1970s after the island popula- 
tion had follen to 4S.500; the \ 
children of those incomers are now 
coming on to the labour market, 
and jobs are scarce. 

Man believes that its existing 
infrastructure will support comfort- 
ably an increase of 10,000 on its 
current population of 65,000. 

Social services and education, 
despite cuts, remain well up to 
mainland standards, and are in . 
many cases better. Five comprehen- 


Ramsey :v 

■ : '■ Laxeyjw 

oSt John’s /> 

■ wSiiiii. 

sive schools with small classes are 
supplemented by the highly-regard- 
ed King William’s boarding school 
for boys and the Buchan for girls. 

Never in the past very good at 
selling iiselC Man has woken up to 
modern marketing techniques and 
its representatives now occasionally 
venture abroad to sell its virtues to 
foreign business communities- ... . 

' They stress the space and. point 
_dispuaangly to the overcrowded. 
Seres of the Channel Islands, , where . 
the population density is six or 
seven times greater. And they stress . 
the stability of an island with a 
tranquil life style and a low crime 
rate, although the miscreants are no 
longer required to present their 
posteriors tor receipt of the birch. 

But despite tranquillity, and scen- 
ery lhat could easily be mistaken for 

parts of the Scottish Highlands or. 
rural Wales, it is its position as a tax 
haven that, is the island's biggest 
draw: a flat ra&rrbcome tax of 20per 
cent, and few other taxes of any 
kind, either corporate or personal, 
which serves only to underline the 
voracity of the British Inland 

Jn tire past the Isle of Man has 
sometimes found itself n^arded as a 
bit of a joke among connoisseurs of 
tax havens. It may have been 
because, until as late at 1979, it still 
had on its statute book a Usury Act 
which restricted interest on all 
borrowed money to a maximum of - 
12.5 percent. ' 

It is largely . to enhance its 
attractiveness as a tax haven, or 
“offshore financial centre" as they 
would rather haveit, lhat foe Isle of 
Man is now contemplating major : 
political reforms. 

There is growing pressure to 
abrogate the common customs 
agreement with the UK, which 
would turn Man into a duty-free 
area and, more important, allow it 
to levy its own rates of VAT to suit 
the local economy. 

Although it is too early to judge 
the success or otherwise: of the new 
resident policy, there is a feeling of 
optimism which its leaders say has ' 
not been present for many . years. 

Finance, the island's largest in- 
dustry, has regained respectability 
aflera major bank crash in 1982 and 
is showing healthy signs of growth, 
shepherded by tough new banking 
rules which, it is claimed, would 
make a Johnson Matthey-style col- 
lapse almost impossible on the 
island. • - 

Manufacturing thesecondlaigest 
sector of the Manx economy, is also 

— the ' 

. . lack of 5Qpbistkaik>jhi nfebt life and 
lop-dass hotels — :a£e turned by the 
travelling Manx' salesmen into ad- 
vanuge& They undertme* they say, 
the enormous scope for growth and 
that the place is indeed unspoilt, 
stable and secure; .... 

What they do bait mention much 
is the island’s biggest single current 
talking point the ferry. Ferries are 
an endemic topic of complaint in 
most island communities. 

Tbeidanders have not forgiven 
the Isle of Man Steam Packet 
.Company for merging with Seafinfc 
and moving the rgute from its ago- < 
old home^ of Liverpool to the 
desolate waste dfHeysham "further 
up theiLancashire coast The Steam 
Packet has now said it will call at 
Liverpool again at least twice a 
week from this summer. 

In a fit of anger and with more 
than half an -eye to a fast buck, a 
Manx-registered company has tak- 
en an option on a highspeed 
aluminium-hulled vessel now being 
built in Western Australia, and is 
threatening to skim the angry waves 
of the Irish Sefl^UvLzyrapoel in tyro v 
hours— abouibalfthe present feny ; 
time —if the Steam Packet does no& 
mend its ways. • • 

The Isle of Man seems, for the 
firsttime in many years, to be living 
up to its familiar three-legged coat 
of arms and its motto Quocimque .. 
Jeceris Siobit , which might be 
liberally rendered as "Whichever 
way you throw me, I shall always 
have a leg to stand on." 

of style 
in polities 

Dr Edgar Mann,' a retired 
English general- practitioner;: 
ebairitfafflT oT : the - Manx 
Government's • executive 
conned and, therefore, effec- 
tively the island's prime min- 
ister, hopes that by the end.-oT 
the year he will find himself 
closer to the British definition 
of that office; 

Tynwald, the ancient porira- 
men t that celebrated its mil- 
lennium in 1 979; owes hole to 
the Westminster model .and 
tikira to flaunt its superior 


the past, fait is' about to have 
soon." is- * ' form. of Cabinet 

Proposed reforms' now be* . 
fore Tynwald could heralds 
si gnificant of style in 

the world’s oldest legislative 
assembly. It may even be the 
start of a challenge to the basic 
and taig-beiff assumption that 
there are no party politics in 
Tynwald and no formal oppo- 
sition cadi oT The 24 
membenrofihe lower House, 
of K^shtix^asran indepen- 
dent r 

■ ■ The day-to-day functioning 
of government, jheGvfl Ser- - 
vice, is carried on* by 25 serai- 
autonomous boards covering . 
such areas as education, in- 
dustry, harimms and tourism. 
They are the nearest equiva- 
lent to . British gov er nme nt 
ministries.., : ■ - y ■ 


• The difference is that sever- 
al membera of parla uncni sit 
on each boani and each 
member, is ttkefy. Mo find 
himself on several bawds at a 
time. The current thinking it 
that' such a system sprewknhe 
responsibility and account- 
ability of the individual mem- 
bers loo thinly and makes fora 

cumbersome inefficiency. 

The planned reforms, likely 
to be passed for the island's 
next general election in No- 
vember, will change , an that. 
The 25 boards, each a corpo- 
rate body in its own right now, 
wifi be rendered dowtrto eight 
or mhe g overn ment depart- 
ments, each, with.' its own 
singte minister in chaixe. 

More significant still wjfl be 
the fixture co mpositi on of the 
executive council which con- 
sists of the chairmen of the 
principal beards. They are 
elected to their posts by 
■ - - Coatiaacdon psgyy3 



your independe 
as much as we do 

3 r * 



Having been independent for over 1,000 
years, we've developed a unique sense of 
freedom that underlies all aspects of our 
way of life. Though geographically part of 
the British Isles,, we have our own - 
parliament and make our own laws. 

.We offer a comprehensive range of 
incentives to attract like-minded 
individuals and companies to join our 
thriving financial and business community. 

Our top rate of tax for individuals and 
companies alike is 20%, and there's no 
Corporation Tax, no Capital Gains Tax, no 
Wealth or Surtax, and no Estate Duty. 

Our laws grant: important concessions : 
for insurance 'and other financial 
institutions. And we offer industry generous 
grants for new buildings, plant and 
machinery, working capital loans on 
favourable terms, and help with marketing, 
training and relocation costs. 

We're developing Europe's only offshore 
. Freeport and we have an excellent 
: international telecommunications network. 

. The Island also offers you plenty of 
. space, a superb natural environment, and a 
very friendly way-of-life based on 
traditional values where independent 
people can feel free. 

You'll find all you need to know about the 
Isle of Man in our specially prepared Factfile. 
To get your free cop simply return the 
coupon todays 

Isle I Man 

John Webster, Economic Advisor, 

Isle of Man Government, Government Offices 
Douglas; Isle of Man. unices. 

Please send me more information about Ihine and 
working on the Isle of Mag, uvmgand 

Our i 


Company ^ il 
Address L_ 

Telephone L 

c - 




;2S: 1 

*55- J 
_ . 
l-viW* -. 
.tvc*-*. _ • 

!W»w*i. . . j 

%£,■ < 


the road to 

There is ever- Dr Edgar Mann, chairman 
growing talk of ibe Manx government's 
of the Isle of executive council. believes the 
Man declaring break to be inevitable sooner 
up 1 - indeed, or later. “U is gradually be- 

aired at the isfamrs next Son”. “ ~ 

Man ‘JET in ^ Bul to® is not without reser 

' months' 'notice Ital tf^hS T' T/J , 

- ISU 5 ^ & 5T iniDe ^ S? STS « 

^ to cope with such freedom. So 

- tom S a!L4SL^^ 0 “ we tSe to ensure that our 

' iars with itv. uo?r«Z'' ,r l cope with the pressures that 

> at exactly the same-rate, and members oflhe S 0 *** 1 *®" 11 
■^^-on .^e.saTTC. goods and. ser- Reforms beforeTyijwald to 
< the mainland. Half of introduce a - more Cabinet- 

lStancrs annual, lax reve- . style -government and make 
. 1 “i a ooot £42 million — is ministers more accountable 
at the whim for their areas of responsibility 
lhc Bnud, _ — kresSjaspart 

PPSa* 'CM Jacks "-gSg-JE 

needs are inev- DOlitical matnrrfv ficmi hr«> 9 t 

Government larks 
political maturity 
to handle freedom 

f*iosn- _ — —.are seen as pan 

PpSpfe Gom^nent lacks 
t?^neols are iney- political maturity fiscal break 

johandle freedom gg^jgg 

A 1 *? . ,P ba "- . . . responsible 

J8& Uttof pnomies. only for Man’s defence and 

- £ -» Given fiscal independence, external affairs. 

- Man would still have to raise. UnIiJce the ChahneUsiands, 
>Y't Jh®. ***. , tax Man .willingly pays ‘theUlt 
.1? ****•» have the government for those extep* at 

**-?. r liberty to adjust the balance of services at the rate of £1 

t:* T - 

-j .local needs. One area bkeiy to 

■r: be oven hfeh nrinntv for n 4 i«F • - Fiscal independence would 

Out of the monetary muddle 

' Style and security: Tb 
Man Bank’s bead 

s-domed interior of the Isle of 
in AthoO Street, Douglas' 

When the Isle of Man's Savings and 
Investment Bank failed in 1982, ow ing 
its depositors £422 million, it looked as 
if the island's reputation as an offshore 
financial centre had suffered a wounding 
blow, with permanently damaging con- 
sequences for what has become Man's 
biggest industry. 

The mess left by the coDapse of the 
Savings and Investment Bank (not to be 
confused with the Isle of Man Bank, the 
island’s oldest and now part of Nat 
West) has yet to be satisfactorily cleared 
up- Creditors are still hawifog for an 
acceptable settlement from the liquida- 
tors, and four years alter the event there 
is still no sign of the Manx government’ s 

report into the crash. 

Local politicians disclaim responsibil- 
ity, and say that publication — or 
suppression — is entirely in the hands of 
the Deemster, the bead of the island's 
judiciary. It is difficult to escape the 
condnaon that die report is simply too 
damning an indictment of Man’s for- 
merly lax banking supervision for it ever 
to see the light of day. 

Bat the SIB crash bad its beneficial 
effects. It stirred the island authorities 
into closer supervision of the financia l 
sector, chiefly through the appointment 
of a former Bank of England official, 
Jim Noakes, as bail king inspector, to 
ensure rigid application of the 1975 
Banking Act, together with a colleague 
of similar standing, Duncan NeEL to 
regulate the insurance industry. 

Since Mr Noakes* arrival in 1981, 
several bottom-drawer institutions have 
been frightened off. There has also been 
a virtual moratorium on new banks 
coming to the island; Mr Noakes is 
determined to only let in Institutions of 
the highest standing. A new arrival is 
Scotland's Clydesdale; and Mr Noakes 
would like to see one or two of the most 
prestigious American hanks, to help 
reduce the island’s overwhelming depen- 
dence oo sterling deposits. 

There are 43 licensed basks oo the 
Isle of Man, and seven licensed deposit 
takers. Legislation before Tynwald will 
tgihten tiie banking laws even further 
but will also, for the first time, allow in 
some of the leading UK building 
societies as deposit takers. 

The SIB crash did not, m the event, 
ruin the Manx offshore finance indus- 
try, although the growth in deposits has 
been slightly slower than in the years 
immediately before 1982. At the end of 
September 1985 deposits in Isle of Man 
banks totalled £2,416 million, an in- 
crease of 23 per cent on the previous 

Crash pnt Man on the map 
as an offshore cen tre 

year. Of the total, £365 million, a fairly 
small proportion, was in non-sterling 

Despite die increase, Man lags far 
behind the Channel Islands: deposits in 
Jersey total about £19 billion, mid in 
Guernsey £5 billion. A fair greater 
proportion of Cl deposits is m non- 
sterling currencies, and they are heavily 
involved in the Eurocurrency business 
which Man barely touches. 

Mr Noakes believes there are a 
number of reasons why Man weathered 
the SIB storm. First, the story pnt the is- 
land on the map and brought its name to 
the fore as an offshore centre. Second, 
the authorities acted quickly and deri- 
sively to put their bouse in order. 
Finally, the island’s political stability 
and closeness to the UK is a powerful 
draw for money seeking a safe haven. 

The growth in Manx bank deposits 
partly arises from the feet that money 
left in the bank will grow anyway, from a 
transfer of foods from UK banks 
because of composite rate tax, and from 
a marketing effort by the Manx banking 

community, including sales missions to 
Wall Street 

Three is some uncertainty about what 
the impending Big Bang in the City of 
London will do (0 the offshore money 
markets, but there Is a general confi- 
dence that it will bring benefit rather 

than harm 

“The Big Bang will Increase the 
amount of paper assets available,*’ Mr 
Noakes says. “The range of financial 
prod acts wUi increase, ami more individ- 
.ual$ will get into investment That can 
only be good for the Isle of Man, which 
has also specialized in personal rather 
than corporate finance. . . » 

“A mqjor financial capital like Lon- 
don needs- an. offshore centre.” Mr 
Noakes said. “There are plenty of 
people with perfectly legitimate reasons 
for doing their business offshore. 

“A non-British national may want to 
deal with London without rendering 
himself liable to British taxation. Far 
from taking money away from the UK. 
offshore centres put a great deal of 
reinvestment business into London that 
it would uot otherwise get.” 

The Manx banking community is 
confident that it will continue to grow, 
especially if it can reduce Its dependence 
on sterling deposits and attract more 
international business. The occasional 
American voice is already to be heard in 
the bars of Douglas complaining about 
the hotel accomodation. 

The financial infrastructure is well 
established, with most of the leading 
investment and accountancy houses 
present on the island. Tbe latest arrival 
is Arthur Andersen, the world's largest 
firm of chartered accountants. 

But Mr Noakes, of all people, is well 
aware that the waters of offshore finance 
can be particularly shark-infested to the 
unwary. “Deal with the- established 
names; don't go . looking through the 
hack pages of Exchange and Mart for 
the fly. boys” is his heartfelt advice. 

V tJ. begivenhfehpriorireforreHef ^ 1 

3V V: would be the booming finan- not, m the short trem at least 
, H-cial services sector which pays dire the island's reteuons with 

L standard 1 5 per cent V AT on ** J Eu ™P c “ S® m, T, ty 

' v.,,' transactions. which, like the Channel Is- 

; The tourist industry has g0VC ™? J# ? 

■ long been in favour of break- p ?*? c0, 1 ? JWwmem. Man is 

v;; ,tng the fiscal bond with Brit- tfe Community’s ex- 

Shipping flies the flag A bid for 

ince last year the Isle of Man of low standards and danger- 012 FISKS 

as been bidding in the world rtii« mnri it inn < fnr rr«w I 

,*/. M 15 Ulfc 11X01 lAJJIU WJUJ Dili- . 1, 

> :*in in the belief that the lureof le ™ aI area and thus 
■"* .duty-free drink and tobacco &<* access to markets 

Principal opponents have Community^ programme of 
” .been the island’s industrialists harmonization ever proceeds 
. — chiefly in' electronics an d to full implementation, there 
r . "‘light engineering — who fear might well be pressure on the 
^ #" that the customs service which Protocol 3 territories, despite 

' , “ would have to be set up would 
\ ' add an unwelcome layer of faQ members of the club or to 
2 '■ bureaucracy; delay and ex- be excluded altogether. Such a 
!,T ^ pense. to the detriment of move would spell the end of 
"■ T potential British and foreign Man's total fiscal- indepen- 
orders. These objections, how- dence, hot the island remains 
ever, are now being made with confident that this still is a 
fatherless force ihan before, long way off. 

present assurances, to become 
mil members of the dub or to 

fuD members of the club or to 
be excluded altogether. Such a 

Since last year the Isle of Man 
has been bidding in the world 
shipping market for flag-of- 
convemence business against 
the established competition of 
Liberia. Panama and Hong 

After lengthy negotiations 
with the Department ofTrade, 
it was allowed to establish its 
own shipping register, but 
only under stringent condi- 
tions. Ships must essentially 
be British-owned,- all senior 
officers must hold British or 
Commonwealth mariners' pa- 
pers, and survey and registra- 
tion requirements must be np 
to British standards. 

When the Manx register was 
first proposed the National 
Union of Seamen voiced fears 

of low standards and danger- 
ous conditions for crews. 

There are now 41 merchant 
ships with a total gross regis- 
tered tonnage of 144,233 
tonnes registered in Man. 

For the shipowner, Manx 
registration confers tax advan- 
tages on his company and 
'prater respectability than 
similar operations. - 

There is also a substantial 
Manx-based ship manage- 
ment business, looking after 
the running of vessels of all 
flags, again for reasons of tax 
advantage. The Douglas office 
at WaUems — a Hong Kong- 
based management company 
—and Denholm are the major 
concerns competing for this 
business on Man. 

An Isle of Man insurance 
exchange handling the mega- 
risk business, which recently 
proved the undoing of some 
Lloyd's syndicates, is the goal 
of Duncan Neil, the Manx 
government's insurance in- 
spector. He was appointed in 
1983 to keep the more dubi- 
ous operators onl of the 
island's now-flourishing off- 
shore insurance industry. 

The recent Shuttle disaster 
has concentrated the minds of 
the mega-risk market; up to 
one-third of a space shot 
launch cost can be in insur- 
ance premiums. The London 
market, with its traditional 
one-year cycle of profit — or 
Joss — taking, is not best 
equipped to deal with it, Mr 
Neil believes. He sees scope 
for a Manx equivalent of 
[Lloyd's taking the longsbot 
•risks on a five or even ten-year 
profit taking cycle, to enable a 
healthier build-up of reserves. 

Meanwhile, last year saw 
considerable growth in the 
more traditional offshore in- 
surance market on the Isle of 
Man, with 39 licensed insur- 
ance companies, including 26 
highly specialized “captives” 
and eight life offices, now 
operating on the island. 

Man passed a tax exemp- 
tion law to encourage the 
business in 1981, but only 
since insurance rates world- 
wide have hardened in the last 
year have companies flocked 
to lake advantage of it 

New law before Tynwald 
will tighten up and formalize 
the conditions Mr Neil im- 
poses on all new applicants. 

*;y- - 

X . = 1 

v- - -:f ■ — - 

Top notch: Houses at “millionaire's” Hillbeny Green range from £170,000 to £500,000 

A wealth of property on the books 

Ten years ago Manx estate 
agents put load bouse prices 
on a par with the affluent 
south-east of England. Now 
the comparison is with the 
North-west, an indication of 
the stagnation of the island's 
economy in general and the 
property market in particular. 

While average mainland 
bouse prices rose by 8 per cent 
last year, Manx prices showed 
only a I per cent rise. In recent 
months there have been more 
hopeful signs of activity, espe- 
cially at the top end of die 
market. But the island's agents 
have a wealth of property in 
all sectors on their books. 

The all-time record for a 
private house sale is £305,000, 
paid last year for an elegant 
five-bedroom Georgia n-style 
residence in 20 acres of mag- 

nificent garden, five miles 
from Douglas. That may soon 
be exceeded by a luxurious 
modern property expected to 
come on the market at 
£800.000. But that includes 
100 acres of farmland which a 
buyer might be able to sell to 
recoup some of his outlay. 

There has been little new 
building in recent years. A rare 
executive housing develop- 
ment now being built is at 
Howstrake Heights, on an 
elevated site above Douglas 
Bay, where a maximum of 75 
detached houses of high speci- 
fication will sell for between 
£93,000 and £106,000 - ex- 
pensive by Manx standards. 

To lake more prosaic exam- 
ples, ail from the books of 
local agents Chryslals Stoll 
Kerruish: £25,000 will buy a 

modernized four-bedroom 
terraced house in Douglas, or 
a two-bedroom bungalow; 
£30.000 will buy a three- 
bedroom semi; £50,000 a five- 
bedroom chalet bungalow on 
the outskirts of town; £75,000 
a converted school with four 
bedrooms in a scenic location 
at Laxey; and £1 10,000 a five- 
bedroom period country 
house in fouraqns on the edge 
of Ramsey. . 

Bungalows are in plentiful 
supply — an added advantage 
is the absence of stamp duty. 
Mortgages up to £19,500 are 
available at 1 1 per cent from 
the Government to first-time 

UK. building societies do 
not operate on the island but 
mortgages are available from 
local hanks at UK rates. 


A change in the political style 

When you consider what we have to offer, our financial success 
story is no surprise. Though geographically part of the British 
Isles, we have our own parliament and make our own laws. 

. Our. independent spirit is reflected in our liberal tax laws.'Our 
.. top rate of tax for individuals and companies alike is a mere 
• ’ 20%, and there’s no Corporation Tax, no Capital Gains Tax, no 
Wealth or Surtax, arid no Estate Duty. WeVe even passed special 
legislation to enable insurance companies to retain underwriting 
profits arising from insurance risks outside the Island. 

As you would expect, communications with, the outside world 
are excellent. Regular so minute flights connect us to London's 
Heathrow Airport and we have links with regional airports in 
the UK arid Eire. Our postal and telecommunications 
network matches international standards, 

. We're a natural haven in the literal sense too. We boast a superb 
eriyironinent which offers unlimited scope for outdoor leisure 
• activitiesi arid a way-of-Iife that emphasises traditional 
values of fnendliiiess and independence. - 

You'll find all you need to know about the Isle of Man in our 
specially prepared Factfde. To get your free copy, 
simply return the. coupon today. 

Continued from page 22 
Tynwald as a whole and the 
council chairman has, there- 
fore, virtually no’ say in its 

Under the new system the 
chairman will be able to 
choose who will head the 
government departments. 

“This new system is intend- 
ed to achieve some forward- 
looking policy for which you 
need a certain amount of 
cohesion,” Dr Mann said “At 
present, there being no parties, 
every member makes his deri- 
sions on a personal basis. 
There has been a tendency 
simply to shelve important 

But Tynwald is a tiny 
parliament, with only 24 
members of the House ofKeys 
and eight members of the 
upper house. It therefore fol- 
lows that once a Cabinet is 
appointed its members will 

comprise nearly one third of 
the entire assembly. And 
therein may He the seeds of the 
island's first opposition. 

“I have always felt that the i 
more executive power you 
give to a group, the more 
counterbalanced power you 
must give to an opposition. As 
we have at present no opposi- 
tion as such, I can only assume 
that some kind of loosety- 
formed opposition is likely to 
emerge out of those not select- 
ed for the Cabinet,” Dr Mann 

“This is a very significant 
change. Under the new system 
those appointed will each do 
one job and they will cany foil 
responsibility for iL A minis- 
ter will come under great 
pressure from his own sector 
or industry and from the 
public at large if he is not 
performing well.” 





o uwimi c- 

• ,aT“ 

( coo*** 

■ John Milboum 

Tower Street Centre. Ramsey. Isle of Man 
Telephone (0624) « 1 2409 Telex 629S89 

Tb - Joun Milboum. Arthur Andersen & Co . "fowet Street Cemre. Ramsey isle of Man 
Please send me a free copy of your 'Guide (o me isle of Man* 







r— — ——-I 

J John Webster, Economic Advisor, ® 

I Isle of Man Governmenc Goveniment Offices, 1 

■ Douglas, Isle of Man. | 



Please send me more information about living 
arid working on the Isle of Man. 

C ompan\ 



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Tyndall Bank (Isle of 
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Taking a firm 
line on 

the telephone 

r When, late 
last year, Brit- 
ish Telecom 
submined its 
bid for the li- 
cence to run 
the island’s phone system, it 
promised to turn the Isle of 
Man into a world showpiece 
of telecommunications. Now 
that its tender has been suc- 
cessful it is up to the islanders 
to ensure the promise is kept. 

They have a sporting chance 
of success, as under the new 
contract the island will have 
considerable autonomy. • 

BT and its predecessor, the 
British Post Office, have run 
the Manx telephones since 
1912. But when Westminster 
passed the legislation for the 
privatization of BT, Tynwald 
passed parallel legislation en- 
abling it to put die island's 
phone contract to tender. 

60,000 outgoing 
calls a day 

ship - 25,000 subscribers in a 
population of 65,000 - is not 
greatly different from the 
mainland, but they are heavily 
used. The island's 11 ex- 
changes handle 60.000 outgo- 
ing calls a day and the Douglas 
banks and finance bouses are 
heavy users of ST’S range of 
dam transmission services. 

BT has committed itself to 
£34m worth of new invest- 
ment on the island during the 
20-year period of its licence. 
Promised improvements in- 
clude the replacement of all 
inter-exchange cables with op- 
tical fibre; the laying of an 
optical fibre cable to the 
mainland; the digitalization of 
all exchange equipment by 
1990 — 10 years ahead of the 
UK - and possibly even by 
1988; new payphones 
throughout the island; and the 
building of the island's own 
satellite earth station. J. 

"" w : ’ ‘a- 

Lonely splendour: A charming electric light railway train, near Mangold 

Love, hate and Mr Gubay 

Cable and Wireless entered a 
rival but ultimately unsuccess- 
ful bid, despite intensive lob- 
bying and promotion. 

Now that BT has been 
granted a 20-year licence it 
intends to activate a wholly- 
owned subsidiary. Manx 
Telecom Ltd. kept in reserve 
for : that eventuality. Manx 
Telecom is to operate inde- 
pendently of its giant British 
parent, the world's fifth largest 
telecommunications under- 
taking. with a Manx chairman 
and Manx board members. 

Manx Telecom will pay an 
initial licence fee of £7.3m to 
the island government and 
£250,000 a year thereafter. But 
it hopes that the Government 
will lake equity in the compa- 
ny and, in due course, oner 
shares to the public. 

There are already 2,200 BT 
shareholders in the Isle of 
Man which, even allowing for 
a certain number of accom- 
modation addresses, is more 
per bead than in the UK. 

The main advantage to the 
island in having its own quasi- 
independent telephone com- 
pany is that it will be able to 
set its own chaiges to take 
account of local conditions. 
The density of phone owner- 

Many of the promised im- 
provements are already under 
way — 86 per cent of 
customers' lines are connected 
to electronic exchanges, com- 
pared with less than 60 per ; 
cent in the UK. One third of ; 
payphones have been replaced i 
with up-to-date equipment, j 

‘‘This island,” said Mr. Albert 
Gubay. sticking his pugna- 
cious chin within an inch of 
mine and fixing, me with pale, 
riveting eyes,**is run by a 
bunch of comedians.” 

The comic aspect of this 

Lilliputian state did- not, on 
the race of h, appear to have 

Some BT services common 
in the UK are not available, 
including cellular telephones, 
which could be of benefit to 
the island's emergency ser- 
vices, and cable television. 

BT says it wifi provide them 
if sufficient demand is proved. ; 
It is also evaluating demand ! 
for a Network Nine centre that 
provides up-to-date office ser- 
vices and the full range ofj 

Many promises are 
being fulfilled 

telecommunications links, for 
new companies or those with 
only an accommodation ad- 
dress. For local businesses it 
already offers the popular 
videoconference link-up facil- 
ity- . 

All it needs to do now is to 
discover why — at least in the 
experience of this correspon- 
dent— so many push-button 
direct-dialled calls to the UK 
end up as wrong numbers. • 

done Mr Gubay a great deal of 
personal harm. Gad in old 
donkey jacket and navvy's 
wellies caked in mud and 
cement he was plunging 
about a building site directing 
a.£aag on ibe erection of .-a 
private residence of majestic 
and almost tasteful opulence. 

Mr Gubay is not a foli-thne 
site foreman. He is a Welsh 
grocery millionaire who made 
a fortune from a chain of 
supermarkets; the house, in a 
sequestered ddl near Douglas, 
was for himself. In what might 
have become its front garden 
under a less dynamic owner, a 
ponderous ballet of JCBs was 
sculpting his own private 
nine-hole golf course. . 

Mr Gnbay and the Isle of 
Man government live in an 
agreed state of amiable .mutu- 
al hostility. He regards them 
as slow, backward and indeci- 
sive; they look on him as a 
headstrong, impatient, loud 
nuisance, a kind of entrepre- 
neurial wasp. 

“There are no political par- 
ties here, so everybody has his 
axe to grind. It takes them 
forever to do anything, and 
when they do it's always the 

wrong thing. I offered re build 
their freeport for them; they 
could have had it running by 
now. But they chose to jump 
into bed with some other 
developer (British Land, in 
fact) and look where it's got 
them; they haven't built a 
thing yet-” 

The Government plainly 
does not want Mr Gubay to 
build its freeport, and private- 
ly resents the method of his 
approach, which it regards as 
bordering ori the underhand. 

“Look at them now, fretting 
about whether they should go 
duty-free. I told them they 
should have done it years ago: 
just look at the Channel 
Islands, how well they've 
done. But it’s taken this lot 
years to make up their minds. 
Meanwhile they just sh back 

and watch their unemploy- 
ment grow. Look, I offer a 

ment grow. Look, I offer a 
prize, a grant, trail it what you 
like, of up to £50,000 every 
year to anyone starting a new 
business here. How much 
have 1 been able to give away 
this yeatT 

“They don't enc our age, any- 
body re get up and go,* AG. 
of course has Ihniftess reser- 
voirs of get up atm go. One 
-almost expects bis energy to 
flow from the waterfall being 
constructed of giant boulders 
beside his bouse. His current 
enterprises in the Isle of Mao 
intiude a property company, a 
merchant bank, and the 
island’s first commercial safe 

Btrt despite his fulptinations 
against a government which 
steadfastly refuses to travel 
A-G's nod of unbridled capi- 
talism, he loves tire place. 

“Even if there were no tax at 
all in the UK now; } would 
never go back to live there. 
Here there is no mugging, no 
crime, and few' burglaries; it's 
the greatest place in Europe 
for old folk. Schools and 
hospitals are not crowded; I 

don't know of a better place to 
live, and I can’t understand 
why it isn't bursting at the 

He turned to his accountant 
who had been hovering near- 
by in a sharp blue suit and 
camel-hair coat, thoroughly 
outre on a building site. 
“£16,000, A.G”, said the ac- 
countant who appeared to 
have picked up the etiquette of 
how to address the boss from 
Reggie Perrin. 

“There you are,'"- said A.G. 

' A.G. stomped off* in his 
wellies to see to a delivery of 
building materials and to sur- 
vey progress on his golf 
course. U was only a par 27, 
but unlike any course in the 
Channel Islands, and many a 
course in the Home Counties, 
there was no hole from which 
you could drive a ball into 
anyone ehe’s garden. The Isle 
of Man is still big enough and 
emptv enough to contain even 
the lilces of A G. 

By Order, of Tynwald under the provisions ofthe Manx Decimal Coins Act 1970 


★ Minted in Britain with Royal 

★ Legal tender fn the Isle . 

of Mail 

★ Tied to US$ bullion price 

★ A choice of four genuine, 
readily tradeable official 
bullion coins 

1 Troy oz of fine ptotin 

Gold is the traditional and ' 

universally recognised 
bullion medium. Platinum 
is the emerging bullion - 
investment with exciting : 
potential. ..its value 
underwritten by scarcity 
and by numerous rapidly 
expanding applications in high 
technology industries. If your 
investment plans include 
precious metal it makes sound 
investment sense to take 
both into your portfolio: 

Until 1983, only gold was 
available in the form of bullion 
coin. The launch, in November of 
thatyear, of the Isle of Man 
NOBLE added platinum to the 
investor's options. Now, with 
the recent issue of the 
ANGEL, the Isle of Man is able 
to offer investors both gold 
and platinum bullion coins 
from the same source. 

1 /10th. troy oz of fhre platinum. 

1 Troy oz offlnegold 

ANGEL contain respectively 
l troy oz and 1 A 0 troy oz of 
fine gold. They are teamed 
with the Manx NOBLE and 
TENTH NOBLE, minted 
respectively from 1 troy oz and 

02 of Pure platinum of 
99.95 fineness. 

Isle of Man Royal bullion 
makes this possible. Both 
ANGEL and NOBLE are Manx 

legal tender - backed and 
guaranteed by the Isle of Man 
Government. Both are easily 
purchased, readily sold and 
internationally accepted. The 
value of both is tied to the --- 
daily metal market fix...a US 
dollar-based valuation and a 
useful hedge against exchange 
rate fluctuations. Selling and 
buy-back prices of both ANGEL 
and NOBLE are quoted daily in 
the financial press. 

IsteofMan Royal bullion offers 
the most acceptable and the 
. safest route to precious_metal 

1/lOfb fray oz of fine gold. 

Precious metal bullion coins 
should be regarded as a long 
term investment. The price of 
Bold and platinum can faUas 

shortterm ***' b the 

V” . 


- tn 




kin L* 1 1 

i ? 

.A * l 

‘“Ui; 5 r i V ^ 


. l 

•1>Vj . 

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- **** 


Coins mustratedsfightty larger than 
actual size to show detail. 
Diameter of Angel and Noble is 32.7mm. 
Dfameterof Tenth Angel and 
Tenth Noble Is 16.5mm. 


Government Ofiw J 

li S£> 

•v*-, fc 

■' a 5at 

J Vir Gufe; 

//" 'M 

f J jM 

f a f* m f 

' i 

•' '• ":' -'■-■•■ : ~:-V -■-»*• .;: •".: 

T^mg the high road: Ora nun and his dog stra&tiBg akrag the Ramsey to Douglas road, part of the famous TT races coarse 

:V . . , 

Upmarket approach makes 
tourism a money-spinner 

• :S 

Finishing touch: John Harper at Sbebag Gallery, 
BaJlamodha, painting por celain fignres 

jobs for 
the future H 

Unemployment is the island 
is now running at 9 per cent 
which, although low com- 
pared with the more depressed 
areas of the mainland, is 
regarded as a wholly unaccept- 
able level. In such a small 
community it is difficult to 
hide a dole queue of 2*500 

Traditional areas of tar. . 
ployment, such as construc- 
tion,, have been the worst 
affected and the Manx govern- 
ment is trying to cushion the w . Wiw , , «/. 

worst effa by timing the - Wilting for hfhtffi M juor Mal eota Wi 
commissioning of public Alexander, with sm 

works projects to coincide make the shipping costs 
with slumps in the private worthwhile. Il has already had 
sector. One of the main aims considerable success in at- 
of the island's current cam- trading new enterprises; in- 
paign to attract new residents dnstiy now creates 15 per cent 
is to stimulate new building, of the island's wealth, the 
Manufacturing industry, af- largest contributor after the 
ter several years in the dol- financial sector, 
drums,' is now reporting a Several incoming com pa- 
modest upturn and is exhibit- nies are well-established and 
ing a genera] air of optimism, successful. Eildon fabrics, for 
The government is anxious example, came from Scotland 
that among its new residents to make net curtains; Sail crest 
there should be a fair sprin- Engineers came from England 
kling of entrepreneurs who to make suppressors. One of 
will establish new industries the latest ana more unusual 
and jobs. They do not want arrivals is Wren Skyships, 
people who will simply swell which is seeking £11 milli on 
the dole queue. in grants from the government 

Being an island. Man's ideal to establish the perfect island 
industry is one that converts industry: airships. There , are 
low bulk into high value to no freight charges when the 

jp» Readers or 
Ihe Sunday 
colour supple- 
<K merits will 

have noticed a 
9 recent spate of 

double-page spreads promot- 
ing the holiday delights of the 
Isle of Man. They are part of a 
determined effort by the is- 
land to shake off its proletar- 
ian image and to make an 
unashamed assault on the 
upper end of the market. 

In the 1920s. when the 
Wakes Weeks brought tidal 
waves of couon workers from 
the industrial stews of Lanca- 
shire. the island virtually lived 
off its summer tourist boom. 
Those days are no more. 

Numbers are still frilling as 
the many For Sale boards 
outside defunct Douglas 
boarding houses testify. In the 

summer of 1975 there were 
564,61 1 passenger arrivals on 
the island: by the same period 
last year they had fallen to 

In 1975 there were 1.028 
hotels and guest houses: now 
there are 717. Numbers of 
available beds have shrunk in 
that period from 13.928 to 
1 1.143. Even. the Tourist Tro- 
phy races, still the major single 
event in .the Manx holiday 
calendar, are not the draw 
they were; an attendance of 

79.000 in 1978 had fallen to 

41.000 last year. 

Bui tourism is still the third 
largest industry after financial 
services and manufacturing 
and it remains a major plank 
in the economy. The growth of 
the financial sector has 
brought a different kind of 
visitor, with more money on 

his credit card and by no 
.means confined to the sum- 
„mer months. 

Surprisingly, tourist reve- 
nue has more than managed to 
keep pace with inflation: £12.5 
million in 1975-76. £17.5 mil- 
lion in 1980-81 and £21.3 
million in 1 983-84. 

Despite its considerable sce- 
nic attractions and its unhur- 
ried air. the island has in many 
ways been lucky to sustain a 
tourist business. Only one new 
hotel has been built during the 
past 24 years, ihe Cherry 
Orchard at Port Erin opened 
in 1984. The hugest hotel, the 
Palace in Douglas, has recent- 
ly been refurbished, but the 
genera! Manx hotel standard 
.is likely to disappoint. 

One old hotel, the famous 
Golf Links at Castletown, has 
recently fallen into new hands. 

and there are hopes that an 
extensive improvement pro- 
gramme will bring it up to 
acceptable international stan- 

Last year the Manx govern- 
ment introduced compulsory 
grading for all hotels and guest 
houses: only one, the Cherry, 
Orchard, achieves the top 
grade of five keys. There are 
complaints locally that the 
scheme should have been 
introduced years ago, but a 
defensive Tourist Board, 
points out that it is still one 
step ahead of the UK. 

The island fares rather bet- 
ter with its restaurants. There 
is a large and varied selection, 
many of high standard, and 
two. La Rosette at Ballasalla 
and Boncompte in Douglas, 
have made it to the pages of 
Egon Ronay. 

Angels make a mint 

make the shipping costs 
worthwhile. It has already had 
considerable success in at- 
tracting new enterprises; in- 
dustry now creates 15 percent 
of the island's wealth, the 
largest contributor after the 
financial sector. 

Several incoming ‘compa- 
nies are well-established mid 
successful Eildon Fabrics, for 
example, came from Scotland 
to make net curtains; Sail crest 
Engineers came from England 
to make suppressors. One of 
the latest ana more unusual 
arrivals is Wren Skyships, 
which is seeking £11 million 
in grants from the government 
to establish the perfect island 
industry: airships. There . are 
no freight charges when the 

product flies itself to the 

Light precision engineering 
is the Manx speciality. 
Ronaldsway Aircraft, the 
.island's biggest private em- 
• ployer with 650 workers, 
makes parts for Martin-Baker 
ejector seats. Isle of Man 
Engineering also makes parts 
for the aircraft industry and 
Strix makes thermostats for 
electric kettles. Laserflex uses 
advanced laser technology to 
engrave printing cylinders. 

of Wren Skyships, and his assistant Ian : 
heir proposed airship . { 

elf to the The attraction for industry I 
is the low rate of tax: a fiat 20 
engineering P ei \. cenl «* undistributed 
speciality” P rofils a™* nothing more., j 
craft, the Unlike the mainland the ifr 
irivate em- land retains generous capital 
) workers, allowances. But against those 
artin-Baker benefits must be set higher 
e of Man energy costs, particularly for 
oakes parts electricity, and freight costs to 
idustry and the m ai n land, 
nostats for One major scheme to attract 
serftex uses new jobs is the establishment 
draology to of a frreeport adjoining 
flinders. Ronaldsway airport. 

Now that the once popular 
krugerrand Is in many eyes a 
base and tainted coin because 
of its South African origin, the 
Maas treasury is hoping rtwt 
those small investors who like 
to play the ballioa market will 
come down instead on the side 
of the Angels. 

The Angel was a medieval 
gold coin which Gist appeared 
in Etogfand from France in 
1465 and disappeared again 
around was revived by 
the Isle of Man last year, 
showing the standard profile 
of the Queen on the obverse 
and the sun medieval theme 
of ' the Archangel Michael 
staying a dragon on the re- 

Strode by the Pobjoy Mint 
in England from one ounce of 
22-carat gold, the Angel is 
legal tender in Man with a 
nominal face value of £5. But 
not many of them will be - 
passing across the bar 
counters of Douglas in pay- 
ment far a round of drinks; at 
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Gower’s team 
may yet upset 
West Indies’ 
magic formula 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent Kingston 








2 ( 











i , 

Only a few months after 
■onvineingly regaining the 
tshes, England enter the first 
Test match against West In- 
ties at Sabina Park here today 
s rank outsiders. Such is the 
night and the supremacy of 
Vest Indian fast bowling. 
There have been other En- 
iand tours to the Caribbean 
/hen the form of the team 
efore the start of the Test 
=ries has been little better 
ian this one of Gower’s. In 
959-60 Peter May's had just 
>st by 10 wickets to Barbados 
hen they scored 482 in the 
rst Test at Bridgetown; in 
967-68 Colin Cowdrey’s were 
utplayed by Trinidad before 
laking 568 in the first Test at 

In those days West Indies 
ad not developed their 
resent formula for winning 
est matches. They played not 
»ur very fast bowlers but only 
vo which meant that on the 
rst of these occasions they 
)w!ed 105 overs of spin and 
i the second 130. Since the 
iddle 1970s. they have con- 
•mraied remorselessly and 
ith unprecedented success 
i speed. 

In batting terms, there 
ould not be a lot to choose 
•tween today’s sides if 
atling were playing. England 
juld expea to make as many 
ns against their own attack 
West Indies wilL and West 
dies no more against Mar- 
ail and company than En- 
ind are likely to. To put it 
other way, even Richards is 
own to be thankful that he 
not going to have to spend 
? next two months dodging 
d ducking his own attack. 

It is not only the weight of 
fast bowling which Richards 
has at his command that is so 
forbidding, but its quality 
also. West Indies could rapid 
up four fast bowlers, besides 
those playing today, who 
might be more dangerous than 
any of England's. The West 
Indian newcomer, Patterson, 
looked twice the bowler in 
Tuesday's one-day interna- 
tional in the' company of 
Walsh, Marshall and Garner, 
than when he struggled to take 
wickets for Lancashire last 
season. When things are going 
well for them, they bring the 
best out of each other. 

Since adopting their present 
strategy, based on all-out 
speed. West Indies have not 
been beaten at home. Far 
more often than not they have 
won with the greatest of ease. 
If England were to change this 
trend now, without Gatting 
and with Botham less than 
fully fit, it would be one of the 
game's great turn-ups. 

They will be tempted to 
stuff their side with all the 
batting they have got, at the 
expense of the bowling, in the 
hope of getting away with a 
draw; but to do so would, l 
think, be a tactical mistake. 
On a pitch which is not 
completely flat (though it has 
been given 24 hours' rolling 
since Tuesday) and in parts is 
still quite well grassed. West 
Indies will not necessarily 
make all the runs they want 
While it would be a relief to be 
able to move on to Trinidad 
next Thursday without defeat 
or further injury, the chances 
of England winning a low- 
scoring match, should they be 

Bothammot yet faBy fit 


able to maintain an attack, are 
not to be entirely discounted. 

We must expea more 
bouncers than in the one-day 
.international, when each one 
was bowled at the risk of 
getting called a no-ball, and 
little that has been seen so far 
has suggested that the urapir- 
wift not cause a good deal 
suffering of one land or 
another. In recent Kingston 
Test matches much too little 
has been done to protect the 
batsmen. New Zealand and 
West Indies waged a ferocious 
match here a year ago, in 
which Coney had his arm 
broken; the year before that 
Hogg was allowed to bowl 12 
bouncers in two overs against 
the West Indian opening bats- 
men in retaliation for what 
Marshall and Gamer had 
done to Australia. It was also 
here 10 years ago, that three 
Indian batsmen, Gaekwad, 
Viswanath and Patel, were so. 

badly hurt as to be able to take 
no further part in the match. 
When asked yesterday wheth- 
er be would be advising his 
bowlers to go easy on the short 
stuff Richards replied: "No, 
that's up to the guys in the 
white coats." 

This must be the first Test 
match for many years of 
which there will be no live 
television coverage. The terms 
on offer seemed perfectly rear 
sonable, and the loss wifi be 
felt more by cricket followers 
in coldest England than view- 
ers in West Indies, where local 
outside broadcasts are seldom 


gs» CG( 

I V A Richards 
a, DL Haynes, HA 
, C A east A Llogte. P /Dwon, R 
J Harper. M D MareftsMTH A Hoffifl. J 
Gamer, C A WMah. B P Patnnon. 
ENGLAND ftromk O I Gower (captain), G A 
Gooch, R T Robinson, D M Smith. A J 
Lamb, I T Botham, P WBoy, P R Dowmon, 
J E Emburey, R M Bison. P H Edmonds. 
N A Foster. J G Thomas. LB Taytar. 

Hadlee presents main 
barrier to Australia 

Wellington (Reuter) - 
stralia’s attempt to avenge 
ir first Test series home 
cat by New 7 m land binges 
their ability to tame the fast 
vler. Richard Hadlee, the 
ring team's captain, Allan 
rder. said yesterday, 
ladlee took 33 wickets in a 
se-Test series in Australia 
ore Christinas which New 
sland won 2-1. The 34-year- 
t Nottinghamshire all- 
nder now needs one wicket 
become the sixth bowler in 
.ory to claim 300 wickets in 

We have considered how 
t to tame him although we 
>w if he bowls long enough 
•» going to gel wickets," 
der said on the eve of today’s 
t Test match. 

lew Zealand received a late 
w when their most experi- 
cd batsman, John Wright 
ruled unfit with a back 
iry. His withdrawal has 

prompted the recall of 
Auckland’s opener Trevor 
Franklin, who has played four 
Tests, the last at Nottin gham in 

New Zealand are expected to 
omit either their spinner, John 
Bracewefl, or their medium pace 
bowler. Gary Troup, while 
Australia may exdude their 
vice-captain, Ray Bright, and a 
medium pacer, either Dave 
Gilbert or Simon Davis. 

The Western Australian 
wicketkeeper, Tim Zoehrer, is 
poised to make his first Test 
appearance, leaving Wayne 
Phillips to concentrate on his 

NEW ZEALAND (hand: J V Coney 
leap*), T J FraHkBn, B A Edgar. M D 
Crow, J F fleW, K R Rutherford, I D S 
Snath, R J Hadlee, S R Gttnpia. E J 
ChatlMd. J G BraceweA, M C Sneddon. G 

Colts captain frustrates 
Pakistan’s bowlers 

B Troup. 

AUSTRALIA (from): A R Bander (aaO. G R 
Marsh. O C Boon, G M Rhna/G R J 
Matthews, w B Phffips, S R Waugh. T J 
Zoenrer. C J MeOemjotL^ A rSS. t 
Gdbert. R J Bright S P Dafite. 

Kunmegala, Sri i^nira (Ren- 
ter) — A second wideel stand of 
143 between the captain von 
Hagt and Bulankolame helped 
the Sri Lanka Colts XI to a 
useful score on the second day of 
their three-day game against 
Pakistan yesterday. After Paki- 
stan had dedared-at their over- 
night score of 163 for six, the 
Colts were 248 for five off 77 
overs at the dose. 

Coming together with _ the 
score at 29 for ODe following the 
dismissal of de Alwis for 15. the 
second wicket pair frustrated die 
Pakistani bowlers with a fine 
209-minute partnership. 

Von Hagt hit 10 fours before 
he was caught by Mohsin Khan 
offZakhr Khan for 88 - Row runs 
later. Bidankulame was. caught 
in the gully by Imran Khan off 
Wasim Akram for 53. 

Wickremasiogbe and 

Jurangpathy took the score to 
21 1 when the latter was caught 
at mid-on by Mohan Khan off 
Mohsin Kamal for 13. 
Wick remasinghe made 40 be- 
fore be was trapped kg-before 
by Zakir Khan with the total on 
241. Zakir Khan, with two for 
46 offT7~overs was the most 
succes sfu l Pakistan border. 

nunSTAMa Fkst Innings 1S3 tor e dK 
(BOWLMG: Sfta 17-4-61-3; Hsnrih 206- 
53-1; Von Hagt 4-0-12-0; S Wewrasingho 
1 1-2-33-2: Jaynrardana 30-1 1-0) 

SHUUKA COLTS XI: Hret Innings 
*M Von Hagt c Mohofei Khan b ZaMr .88 

^ da AlwffcMaliabi Kamal blmroi .15 

Bulankulanwc Imran b Alain 53 

DVHckramasinghaRw&ZaMr — 40 

R Jurangpathy c Mohsin Khan b Mohski 

Kamal 13 

RPai^dainatout — 14 

OWawaa ln ghanotom 3 




Extras 0b 2, w 3, nb 17) 

Total (5wkts) 

R Jayawsntona, S Wanamgtw, O 
KarathandS Siva to bat 
FALL OF WICKETS; 1 -29. 2-1 72. 3-1 78.4- 


tattle of giants under the setting sun 

From Richard Evans, Boca Raton 

deep-seated defiance in 
my Connors enables him to 
tec kind of match that took 
■ into the semi-finals of the 
ion International Players 
unpionships here. It was the 
. match of the tournament so 
and it left Yannick Noah in 
jair. The score said that 
uxors was the winner by 5-7, 
7-6. 6-4,but another set of 
isiics would make it difficult 
anyone to believe that Noah 

he big Frenchman served no 
than 30 aces,while Connors 
not produced one until, 
t supreme irony, heserved 
ice against Noah on the very 
point of the match. More 
edibly, Noah held brcak- 
it on Connors's serve 26 
ss and yet he only converted 
-e- of them and one of those 
a double faulL 
! have never missed so many 
ortunilies in my life" Noah 
. with a dazed expression on 
face after this strengtb- 
jnig three hour forty five 
ule battle that left both men 
ring mentally and physically 

drained. “1 bad sc many break- 
points; so many it was just 

Even though Noah felt he had 
lost the timing of his top-spin 
forehand, it was the 
Frenchman's backhand that 
Connors pressured incessantly 
on those break-points; contin- 
ually coming up with well- 
angled serves which gave him a 
chance to puO Noah wide and 
force yet another error at a 
crucial moment. 

Some of the tennis was - 
breathtaking, and as the sun 
sank away to offer us a sunset as - 
colourful as the drama taking 
place on court, a large crowd of 
some 8.000 became more and 
more involved in the match. 

Nothing could detract from 
the excellence of Connors's play 
whenever he was cornered, but, 
nevertheless. Noah received the 
worst of some very bad line 
calls. Boca West is owned by 
. Arvida, a Disney company, and - 
there were moments when one 
wondered whether it was 
Mickey Mouse or Goofy calling 
the lines. 

It was only four games after 
Noah had appealed for an over- 
rule without success that Con- 
nors served what appeared to be 
a second consecutive double 
fault at 30-40. The score stood 
five all in the third set and the 
point would have left Noah 
serving for a two set to one lead. 
But although the serve landed at 
least two inches long right under 
the umpire's nose, the official 
refused to over- rule his lines- 
man as Noah stormed towards 
the chair, throwing down his 
racket and demanding the ref- 

That request was refused, too, 
and be did weQ to collect his 
wits in time to take the set into 
the lie- break. But once again 
Noah let his chances slip away 
when he held two set points 

Even when Connors served 
for the match, Noah readied 1 5- 
40 but, like a terrier with the ball 
extrordinary competitor shook 
himself free and simply refused 
to let go. 

The 33-year-old American 
wasa late entry here, saying that 

be needed match practice. Now, 
after a series of tough matches, 
he has got more than he 
bargained for and with two 
strapped ankles and an aching 
body one only hopes be will be 
fit for tomorrow’s semi- final. 

It was a day of lost opportu- 
nities for France. Guy Forger 
played the best tennis of his 
career to lead Mats Wi lander by 
a set and 4-2 before the Swede 
started to settle into a rhythm on 
his serve and lake greater care 
with his passing shots. As Forget 
began to tire W t land er seized 
control and won 5-7, 6-4, 6-4, 6 -. 

Last year at the inaugural 
Upton event Tim Mayotte and 
Scott Davis emerged as two 
unlikely finalists. It says much 
for the seriousness with which 
the senior players are viewing 
these championships now that 
four of the worlds top six - Ivan 
Lendl, who meets Connors, and 
Wilander. who takes on a fellow 
Swede Stefan Edberg - have 
fought their way through the 1 28 
man draw to contest the semi- 


Eligibility question dogs Clark 

«ch is Ihe current, inspired 
n of Martin Clark, Team 
ycell Kingston’s 6 ft 8 in for- 
th that the sooner his efi- 
lity is resolved the better it 
be far England and everyone 
tented. Clark, who followed 
53 points for Kingston 
hst Bracknell on Sunday 
1 55 against Spenrings Solent 

h on Wednesday, is dm 
wed to play for England 
mse he played in a pro- 
ional league - that is now 
art —in America daring the 

1BA, the world governing 
y who banned Clark from 

feat for hfa country. hare 

iwed the principle of open 
JStaU- this would enable 
“TT* as Clark, who are 
£cd wWt thm national 
Nation*. » Pty. ® ■“ 

competition, tin- 


‘far tb* European 

„ sex**- .»* EnKl " d 

By Nicholas Hailing 

coach, had looked on despair- 
ingly as Us England team, 
without Clark, stamped to a 
depressing defeat in their last 
world championship group game 
against Switzerland at Leicester 
last week. England coaid cer- 
tainly have nsed the player who 
is patting many Americans play- 
ing here in the shade, jnst as 
they could have done with him 
last November when they lost to 
Czechoslovakia and Israel, also 
ia the world championships. 

Clark’s contribntioa helped 
Kingston to the second highest 
score recoded by a dab in the 
National League. Kingston's 
161-111 win against Solent has 
been beaten only by Crystal 
Palace, who scored 165 against 
VauxhaU ia 1977. 

For Solent, who had lost the 
Prude n tial National Cap final to 
Kingston by 31 points in Janu- 
ary, It was an embarrassing 
night. “Getting beaten by 10 
points is one thing bn losing by 
50 Is a disgrace. Roger Nash, 
the Solent chairma n, said - Only 
two points came from T. J. 
Robinson. Solent's American 
forward, who has jest relieved 
himself of administrative work 

connected with the dob. Robin- 
son helped form the consortium 
Hut bnnudi tin Nash and otbersJ 
which helped save Solent from 
extinction a year ago. 

Another American on the 
sooth coast, Jose Sboghttr. is 
making a successful comeback 
with Portsmouth, having tejarei 
his back so badly a month ago 
that be was not expected to play 
again this season. Slaughter, 
playing his third game ska 
returning, was his dob's top 
scorer with 31 points in then 
118-108 home defeat by Crystal 
Palace. Portsmouth starlet 
without their England 'inter- 
national, Cotin Irish, who has 
aggravated a cheek fajury, tee 
he did come on to score 22 
points. Palace’s American pair. 
Seaman (41 points) and Jen- 
nings (39), were the game's top 

Sharp Manchester United’s! 
107-90 win at Walkers Crisps 
Leicester means that they have 
to win only one of (heir remain- 
fog home games, against 
Solent on Saturday sod 
Bracknell next Tuesday, to take 
the Carlsberg National League 


- 730 unless stated 


Fourth division _ 

Cotehewarv Orient p 
Exeter v Cambridge Utd 
Halifax v Port vase 

Stockport v Ntiampton 


ARMY WNOR UWT S CU P: Hnat 8 «h 
Field Sqn RE (Rochester) v Drool The 
Prince of Wales's DMslan (l 
(at Aldershot. 230). 


BADMINTON: Essex Champtongflpa (at 


steps up to 

From A Correspondent 
Mulhdm, West Germany 

Overcoming Finland and 
Norway 5-0 here yesterday 
means England need only to 
beat Wales to reach the last four 
of the European zone of the 
Thomas Cup work) - team 
champi o nship*. Three teams go 

through to the finals in Jakarta 

in April and May. 

Nick Yates, chosen by the 
new manager, Jake Downey, at 
number one in the absence of 
theflu victim Steve Baddeley 
and in preference to the new 
national champion, Darren Fall, 

typified the English efficiency 
on this occasion. 

The 24-year-old Londoner 
conceded only four points to the 

Finland number one Toni 
Tuominen, who the day before 
beat Phil Sutton, the Welsh 
number one making his way 
bade after injury. It was Sutton 
who put Yates out of the fast 

ivdy minor variations 
in performance can cause 
spectacular disparities in results. 
A bored looking world number 
one Morten Frost discovered 
this and at the same time caused 
some excited squeals by going 2 - 

10 down in the second game to 
Eddie van Herbruggen, a 21- 
year-old 6 ft 4in private in the 
Hrigium army who might do 
well to consider going to live 
and play badminton in the great 
centre of Copenhagen when be 
is discharged. 

Frost eventually awoke to win 
15-1, 15-11 and Denmark beat 
Belgium 5-0, whilst the Danish 
women have occupied a mere 
three hours and 10 minutes in 
winning two matches — 
shorter time than their warm-op 
sessioos bad been taking. 

This rather supports the 
.contention of several leading 
coaches and man agers the 
; formal of the European zone 
, should be altered to bring in the 
-eight stronger nations at a later 
stage in the week. The Inter- 
national Badminton Federation 
is apparently to discuss the 

Denmark’s other number 
one, Kirsten Larsen, the English 
Masters Champion, has yet to 
be used, whilst the' English 
counterparts Helen Troke and 
I Sieve Baddeley were due to fly 
in and bolster the squads yes- 
terday, fortified with the news 
about the entries for next 
month's All England champion- 
ships at Wembley. For the first 
time in four years the leading 
Chinese men and women are 
not participating, preferring to 
concentrate on preparations for 
the Thomas and Uber Clip 

That means Troke, the Euro- 
pean champion, has. a real 
chance of becoming England 1 
first singles winner since Gil 
Gilks in 1978 while Baddeley - 
along with Yates. Butler and 
Hall — have prospects ofbecom- 
ing a home country's first men's 
angles semi- finalists since 1939. 




The newly-crowned world in- 
door champion, Tony ADoock, 
and the best-known bowler of 
teem all, David Bryant, will 
team up as the fonmdal 
favourites at the televised in- 
augural Midland Bank indoor 
parrs championships at Bourne- 
mouth from April 7 to 13. 

Allcock and Bryant are one of 
16 pairs of top-class bowls 
players competing for £40,000 
in prize money. The winning 
pair will receive £10,000. They 
are likely to receive tough 
opposition from Scotland's Wil- 
lie Wood and David Gouriay, 
both Commonwealth Games 
gold medal winners, and from 
Ireland’s Sammy Allen an d Jim 

The tournament comprises 
four groups with the four pairs 
in each section playing a round- 
robin competition over three 
sets of seven ends each set The 
four group winners will then 
lay knock-out semi-finals over 
ve sets and the final will be the 
best of nine sets of seven ends. 
GROUP Is R Falrtxtm, R Stephenson 
(Ena* W Hartman, F MuHwad (Sco). T 
Suffian. J R Em (Waf); P BaKaa. P 

" wn Moot I S Bruce (Soot J 
wy. J BM Engfe 3 A ten, j Baiter 

UP iJThbmn, D L Brans 
Cutehaon. D Hamilton (W- d Bryant 
A ABcoek (Eng); R Jonaa, 6 Boohgar 

§RaijP4:JBranldn. W Montgomery pra); 

R m. J Wright Mteft W WowCd Gouriay 
(Sop); G Souza (HKjlC Brartaky (lar). 

; Duhn BrUteh Open (at Dert>y| 
Asoamtty Rooms). 

Top entry 

Oakland (AP) - Martina 
Navratilova, the top-ranked 
woman player, has entered the 
Virginia Slims tournament 
which opens here on February 
24. Chris Lloyd, who is rankedj 
second in the world, and Hana 
Mandlikova. ihe no 3. bad 
already done' so. Miss 
Navratilova's last appearance in 
the event was two years ago, 
when her ran of 54 victories was 
ended by Miss Mandlikova, 
who beat her 7-6, 3-6. 6-4 in the 


aon tn NMMtiands <M. PWana in Yogas** 


New York (Reuter) - The 
United States Football League 
fUSFL) will resume action next 
autumn in direct competition 
with the more established Na- 
tional Football League (NFL). 
Since its inception the USFL has 
never scheduled games at the 
the same time of year as the 
NFL and last year their amen- 
can football season was sus- 

Yesterday's announcement 
by the USFL commissioner, 
Harry Usher, made ft dear that 
previous reports that file USFL 
was on the verge of suspend] 
operations until the autumn 
1987 were Unfounded- 
According to Usher, the league 
win field eight teams next 
autumn and itb will apparently 
continue to pursue its SI. 32 
billion federal ami-trust suit 
tinst the NFL 

TRIALS: The new 
director of the Bmghley horse 
trials will be Bill Henson, a 
Lincolnshire farmer. Henson, 
aged- 52, who succeeds Charles 
Stratton, rode four times at 
Badminton during the 1950s 
and also competed once at 
Burghley. This year, prize 
money at Burghley will increase 
by 25 per cent to £25,000 with 
£ 6.000 going to the winner. 


COLORADO: US Owwte W frE Mm** 
ten Mem: i. T Sn«w, 2n*i 1 3.139*5- 

mmn'e: 1. B Mariton. £19.09: 2. T 
McKinney ? 19.60: 3. E. Twartotao* 



Cavan sees UEFA lifting 
ban on English dubs 

Harry Cavan, senior FIFA 
vic e -pr e sident, belfages foot the 
baa on English dabs competing 
in Europe wiD be lifted at the 
UEFA congress ia Lisboa in 
Aprfl. “There is already a strong 
lobby for tire ban to be lifted, not 
because they fare you bat far 
fin a ncial reasons" Mr Cavan 
told a football writers’ brack in 
Ma nchester ye st erday . 

Mr Cavan that the 

repeat outbreak of hoo MgnHhro , 
fariadhig the aerosol attack oa 
the Manchester United team at 
Anfidd two weeks ago made him . 
“apprehensive” about the pros- 
pects, fat he added: “I think 
everybody is now satisfied that 
there was perhaps aa over- 
reaction when the ban was 

“I believe we should be hi 
Earope neatt year. After all at the 
end of the sky it was not the 
owners of the Heysel Stadram or ' 
Liverpool Football Club, it was 

By Peter Ball ~ 

tl» spectators who van amok bro. 
it was Liverpool PC who were 

Mr Cavan acce p ted that dabs 
would hare in exercise control 

over their supporters if they do 
retain to Europe, but be re- 
iterated his bebef that govern- 
ments also most accept their 
responsibilities. He pointed oat 
that although they signed that 
they were imaMe to withdraw 
passports becanse of the 
infringements on personal fib-, 
erty. they had “no hesitation ' 
about stopping nrinera 1 pickets". 

-The influence of .finance ht- 
also to be seen in this summer's 
World Cop. Television b bring- 
ing in 49 mflHnw Swiss Francs 
aim Mr Caras said teat was a 
prime factor In the derision to 
make the kick-off time noon for 
many games, eves thoagh it 
works against the interests of 
spectators and especially play-. 

' era. 

Mr Cavan agreed that tee 24 ' 

team -tcnmramcitt- also had its 
disadvantages, lt w ) ,m p “to_ a 
dilution in qnalfty" and m ak ing 
tee choice of venues for futnre 
World Ceps after Italy fa 1990 
more diffiolL He said, however. 
Oat be could see no prospects of 

a reversion to a 16 -team tour- 
nament as long as the Brazilian 
Joan Harelange » president. 

HN -- : 

\,t 4 • 

i ) ’• : 

Hb wide ranging speech 
ended on a note of foreboding as 

he revealed that UEFA bare 

now withdrawn from their at- 
tempts . to- persnade the EEC . 
Commission not to .enforce the 
law allowiim free movement of 
workers in football. He held om 
no prospects' that that would now 
be stopped, although -tee mem- 
ber Football Association bare 
been advised to approach their 
government for snppOlf. “We 
had seven years of negotiations 
and made no progress at ail, 
although we have delayed it a 

Villa’s assets are frozen 
by the winter weather 

By Strait Jones 

Football Correspoodect 

The icy grip of winter, which 
again threatens to cut deep into 
the weekend programme, is 
freezing the assets of even the 
biggest dubs. Aston Villa, for 
intMTir^ have revealed that the 
postponement of their fixture 
a gains t West Ham United on 
February 8 cost them “£67,500 
and something", according to 
tbeir commercial manager, 
Tony Stephens. 

The match, which was heavily 
sponsored by local businesses 
and individuals, would have 
been beamed live on television 
to a number of countries in 
Europe and around the world. 
Villa lost not only these rev- 
enues. but also the gate receipts 
from potentially one of their 
entertaining more home games. 

The dub that regularly air 
tracted crowds of some 32,000 
to Villa Park five years ago can 
now no longer nave realistic 
expectations of drawing half 
that figure. Their average, gate, 
lifted predictably by the visits of 
Manchester United (27,626), 
Everton (22,048) and Liverpool 
(20,197), has fallen to below 

against Oxford. If they go 
through to the final at Wembley 
on April 20, their share of the 
receipts and the prize-money 
from the competition’s sponsors 
will guarantee them a financial 
reward of at least £250,000. 

If' not, they will collect 
£32.000 - the compensation for 
losing semi-finalists — and their 
one remaining target wifi be tb 
avoid, relegation from tee first 
division during a programme 
that is likdy to embrace 14 
fixtures in eight weeks. 

Villa's form does not- : lend 
itself to optimism. They have 
won only twice at home, against 
Luton Town in August and 
against Oxford United in 
November, and have sunk to 
20th place above their Midland 
neighbours. West Bromwich Al- 
bion and Birmingham City, one 
of the seven relatively unattrac- 
tive guests they have yet to 
receive in Canon League 
matches at Villa Park. 

Stephens is aware that Villa 
are in danger oT following the 
path, that was taken by Norwich 
City and Sunderland last season. . 

15,000 so far this season. . _ After reaching the final of the 

Their fast attendance, for the Milk Cup, both of teem subr 

oalless draw against sequenlly dropped down into 

tee second division. "That 
would be a significant financial 
blow", he admitted, "but not an 
insuimountabie one**. 

_ “If we had the choice, we 

another i'onniyiv. .-xropt for the. would rather miss ont on Wem- 
first leg of the fc'.ik Cup semi- biey and stay up. The knock-on 
fioaT against Oxford J nt ted. cfffect of playiD& ^ Iikes of 
which is scheduled for next Shrewsbury rather than. Man- 
Tuesday. - tester United would be severe. 

Villa's season, and perhaps 

goalless draw against 
Southampton three weeks ago, 
amounted to a mere 8,456, their 
lowest for 29 years. The turn- 
stiles teat are rapidly gathering 
rust may not move again for 

son. But we no longer so 
severely in debt. - 

"Three years ago. . before 
Doug Ellis returned as chair- 
man, it was estimated teat we 
were £2 million in the red. Thai 
has since been reduced to about 
£500,000 and teat does not 
include the value of our players 
or oiir ground. We have -had to 
cut our doth and, although our 
playing staff has noi been 
- substantially cut. : we - have in- 
vested heavily in youth./*' 

"Our crowds may be dis- 
-appeumkp. but we are witoin 
stinking distance of the figure we 
need to break even. I'm sure that 
the supporters wifi come back, if 
not in the numbers that were 
here when we were winning the 
title and ter European Cup. I 
think those days may have gone 
for good. For example, we are 
■expecting only 9,500 for 

The prospects of tee game 
being staged tomorrow are not 
bright. Villa's next home 
appearance is nlamied.for Sat- 
urday, March 8 , against Arsenal 
but teal depends on tee fate of 
their opponents in their FA Cup 
fifth round replay a gainst Luton 
Town, which is scheduled to 
take place at Highbury' the 
previous Monday. 

If Arsenal win,, as expected, 
they will be playing either 
Tottenham Hotspur or Everton 
in the sixth round on the 
following Saturday. Villa will 
again be idle. -That wifi mean 
-effectively that tee dub will 
have received no gate receipts 
for a Canon fixture for 

six weeks. Stephens conceded 


. .. . I don't . imagine that our _ 

their immediate future, hinges commercial profits would reach . that “you could tov-we misht 
on the outcome of the two ties- £800,000. as they did last sea- " then have a cash flow problem". 

Move to end discipline anomalies 

The Football Association are 
planning to reform their disci- 
plinary procedures in order to 
end the anomalies affecting 
many clubs at tee highest levels 
of non-League fooibaiL Under a 
proposal which seems likely to 
be adopted, disciplinary meth- 
ods will be bandied aconding to 
dubs' league status rather than 
whether they are full or associate 
members of tee FA. 

Under the current system, the 
national organization deals with 
players from dubs in frill 
membership, whereas those 
from associate member dubs 
come under tee jurisdiction of 
county associations, who tend to 
be more severe in their punish- 

The counties, who discipline 
players for a specified period of 
time, frequently impose suspen- 
sions of up to.four weeks (which 
could mean eight or. more, 
games) on players who are sent 
off The national FA have a two- 
tier system. When dealing with 
dubs from the Cola Lea gu e. 
Multipart League; Vanxhall- 
Opd premier division and 
Southern premier division, they 
use the same points totting-up 
procedure as for Canon League 
dubs and players are rarely _ 
banned for more than one or 
two games; when handling other 
full member dubs, the FA use a 
system similar to tee counties’. 

These anomalies have .meant 
that players from different dubs 
sent off m the same match may 
be given substantially different 
punishment according to their 
dubs’ FA status. Although most 
riulK from tee more senior 
leagues are full members (for 
example, all Gala League dubs 

By Paal Newman 

are full members), there is much 
less consistency just below tee 
highest levels. For example, 10 
of the 21 dobs in the Southern 
League southern division are 
fiill members, the rest associate 

Full membership is granted to 
dubs on an individual basis, 
laigefy according to their perfor- 
mances in FA competitions, and 
tee status is rarely removed 
once granted. While some full 
members are now playing well 
below the top levels, some 
associate members who have 
made substantial progress bote 
on and off tee pitch have either 
been consistently refused frill 
membership or have had to wait 
several years for it. 

Attempts have been made to 
reform tee membership system 
and thereby end the disciplinary 
anomalies. Two years ago the . 
FA proposed to - gram fall 
memberteip to dubs only in the 
Goto League, Multipart League, 
Vauxbalf-Opel premier di- 
vision, Southern premier di- 
vision and Drybrougbs 
Northern first division; all other 
dubs would have become asso- 
ciate members. 

However, tee p fa n was 
-dropped after it met widespread 
opposition because it would 
have led to 84 dubs outside the 
senior divisions — including 
such fam ous names as Corin- 
thian-Casuals, Bromley;' 
Clapton, Oxford City, West 
Auckland and . Ashington — 
losing their full membership. 

Th e FA’s disciplinary 
committee are now backing a “ 
scheme under which dubs' 
disciplinary matters would bel' 

bandied according '" to their 
league, rather than their FA. 
status. Clubs from the Gola 
League, .. Multipart League. 
Soil them premier division. 
Vauxhall-Opd premier and first 
divisions and Drybrougbs 
Northern first division would be 
dealt with by tee national 
organization: all others would 
go tee counties. 

In practice, this would mean 
that of tee present 256 fall 
member dubs, only 212 would 
remain under the disciplinary 
jurisdiction of Lancaster Gate. 
Previous reforms have often 
been blocked by (he counties, 
but as this proposal extends 
their powers it seems to have a 
greater chance of success. It has 
already received the backing of 
tee FA Council and now needs 
to be .approved by the FA’s 

‘ annua l nwettn^ .' •• — 

If tee scheme is -adopted, it 
seems unlikely teat any further 
attempt wiH be made in the 
immediate future to reform the 
membership system. Although 
associate member dubs have no 
voting rights . and only full 
members receive FA Cup final 
tickets, the disciplinary prob- 
lems have always been the most 
important area of concern for- 
associate member dubs. 

• Weymouth are to move to a 
new stadium two. miles -away 
from their present bttne in the 
city centre. A supermarket is to 
be built on tee '<1018 League 
club’s Recreation Ground and 
they hope to move next January 
- to a ground on the she of tee 
former Wessex Speedway sta- 



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(Huapvcfear 28, Bwtts 13). 

KOOAC CUP! tHMHt Banco d Roan 73. 

g«* Olympia Stan IM SO, Ctoona Zagreb 




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105; MUwautaa Butts 424. Dote Mamridcs 
Pttcns lllSMtfa SupwSortca 



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Richter piloted East Germany 
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of linin 41.90sec in yesterday's 
practice for the world two-man 
bobsleigh championship in 




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BIATHLON: . Valery 

Medvetcbev,- of the Soviet 
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world champuon ships in Oslo 
yesterday with a time of 57min . 
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spite being awarded, penalty, 
points to tailing two minutes for 
missing two of the five shooting 




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To, ^» u&r* 

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' ~~ ■ viwuril 

England can catch up 
on their fitness 




II is going to be a hectic 
smnner down under. France 
will be rattling round from 
Aigentina to New Zealand to 
Australia; Italy are to visit 
Australia, and the Wallabies 
tnemsejves have a tour to New 
Zealand where they will sei 
about recovering the Bladisloe 

There is no place on the 
nieny-gp-round for toe home 
countries. Wales had hopes ol 
visiting chber Australia or 
New Zealand but, as talecon> 
cxs, in what was scheduled to 
be a British Lions year, have 
been unable to arrange any- 
thing. They, like England, 
must be content with a B tour 
to Italy from mid-May to mid- 
June, encompassing five 

The first fortnight of May 
win see Scotland playing five 
matches in Spain and France; 

(when they entertain New 
Zealand) but England cannot 
because they are by no means 
so well blessed. 

Wfaai England’s administra- 
tors will do is endeavour to 
tum.tbeir players into the kind 
of athletes they will encounter 
in Australia next year during 
the world tournament it is 
late in the day perhaps boF 
there has not been a shortage 
of voices crying in toe wilder- 
ness for most of toe last 
decade, Don Rutherford, the 
Rugby Football Union techni- 
cal administrator, ChaUde 
White and other leading 
coaches who have seen the All 
Blacks on their native heath 
have been calling for greater 

New Zealanders who have 
come to work in Britain have 
been appalled constantly at 
the lade of application of 

Ireland, however, have noth- -English dub players jp their 
mg m the pipeline. Frankly, h game ' preparations; though 
may be no bad thing; there is they concede that the players 
going to be a lot of rugby are not helped by burdensome 
between September this year fixture lists, 
and June next year and During the summer, after 
England’s leading prayers, cer- toe return of the B team from 
tainiy, have had! no summer Italy, England will establish a 
respite for eight years. Since pool of around 33 players 
1979 there has been either an from whom they hope to pick 
En gl an d or a Lions tour to their World Cup squad. Each 
keep rugby's pot boiling. player, wherever he lives, will 
I shudder to think what have a “minder’', whose task 
, France’s, casualty list will be -it will be to ensurdtoe physical 
when they retain from their advancement of his charges, 
south Pacific travels. .They SddrsF strict regime is toe 
may be able to ajSord toe loss" price, pnepays nowadays for 
of outstanding players during world competition, even in an - 
their next domestic, season amateur game, and it will still 

not compare with toe sacrifice 
which leading athletes and 
swimmers have imposed upon 
themselves for years. 

. It is foolish to pretend that 
England have a production 
line of John Jeffreys waiting in 
the wings. The amount of, 
advice toe seleoore will have 
received after last Saturday’s 
drubbing at the hands of| 
Scotland is beyond measure 
but the obvious alternatives 
for selection against Ireland in 
eight days time are few. Any- 
one may argue pros and cons 
in particular positions but 
essentially it remains a matter 
of individual preference rather 
than generally accepted 


It is worth defining what the 
strengths of the English game 
are (and they are linked very 
much to the set piece) and 
working on them because the 
face of England’s game is not 
going to change in 16 months 
— maybe by toe time the 
second world tournament (if 
there is one) comes round, but 
not for the inaugural one. 

In consequence it is hard to 
envisage many changes after 
toe Calcutta Cup game; after 
all, the same side did brat 
Wales a fortnight earlier. 
England's team to play Ireland 
will be picked on Sunday and 
tt. is hoped to organize a 
workout on Monday, or if club 
games go ahead tomorrow on 
any sole, an eariier-ihan- 
usua] Thursday session. 

Flanders { 
recalled G 
after the * 
deluge s 

Prince Rodney bows out to usher in the reign of Pyatt (photograph- Ian Stewart) 

The world is waiting for Bruno 

By Srikumar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 

England’s wasteful tradition 
is a warning to the Welsh 

It might be, if you listen bard 
enough, that the enigmatic 
French observation plus ca 
change, • phot e’esf la mime 
chose, with a suitable Cambro-. 

. Gallic shrug of toe shoulders, 
arms- half outstretched with 
palms turned skyward, just 
might be beard in Wales. 

Not necessarily m the whis- 
pers of those Welshmen from 
the more educated ranks, now 
jauntily- brushing up their 
French phrases ready for the big 
match in a week's lime and 
wanting -something more in 
keeping with their station in life 
than the simple ca va. Rather, it 
reflects the feelings of otbefr 
that after three yean Wales are 
had: in sbihe'Hnd'bfbutizwss. 

A Welshman, with the great- 
est 'deference,- of coax, might 
also cast an eye over the border 
with head-stoking resignation 
and consider the phrase in the 
tight of England's current di- 
lemma. How is it, be may 
wonder, that a month’s eu- 
phoria after toe victory 
wales should now so si 
be replaced by something so 
utterly different? 

How much -difference should 
one game make? Is there so 
much wrong wilha team which,, 
fay common consent, tod gone a. 
long' way to getting it right 
against Wales and, unchanged. 

By Gerald Davies 
tod jtpl it wrong against Scot- 

The. same Welshman might 
wonder at the route that Rob 
'Andrew ‘.might be fluted to 

high, a welcome change from 
more recent years, and there has 
been improvement in every 
game. The team survive, and it, 
has been a matter of survival in' 
wander and which might lead ' larjp patches of their game on 

him lo the same graveyard as so 
many English -half hacks of the 
last 20 years. The match winner 
against Wales and, righto', the 
hero of the hour, is now 
into question after only 
one game. 

The claims of Stuart Baines, 
.since discarded after an 
outstanding lour of New. Zea- 
land, is once more brought into 
toe reckoning. It is a familiar 
seesaw .scene. Many a former 
English: stand-off half is, now 
looked hactnipon' WTth warm 
nostalgia and a feeling of lost 

-There are a few with substan- 
tial talent of whom it may be 
wondered how they could have 
jflayed so few times for then- 
country. Andrew and Barnes are 
soon to find out whether history 
is about torepeat itself and that 
they, too, might find themselves 
as part of this continuing, but 
wasteful, tradition. . 

. tt ts a team which ought to be 
strengthened but .-however de? 
voutly changes in the front five 
and on toe wing may be wished, 
there are no obvious alter- 
natives. The spirit within is 

the prodigious efforts of toe 
quintet of [flayers, toe half 
backs, centres and full backs. 

The scrummage is beginning 
to look more solid, butnefther 
Whitefoot nor Eidman is 
conspicuous elsewhere in. the 
way prop forwards from other 
countries are in the loose. Stuart 
Evans, of Neath, would be 
included but for his Injury, and 
it- may be that Buchanan, of 
Llanelli, could get his chance. ' 

Adrian Hadley scons to lack 
any sense .of urgency on one 
wing and Phil Lewis on the 
other, although an admirable 
defender, seems prone to drop- 
ping too high a percentage of 
balls. Although they have scored 
a try each during the inter- 
national season, neither has tod 
a good enough chance, to be fair, 
to show his paces in attacks. 

Such changes are only likely if 
the Welsh selectors wish to look 
beyond next Saturday's game; 
but toe prestige of storing the 
championship, once so unlikely, 
may prove too strong a pereua-. 
son to tinker again with the' 
line-up • 

Wembley Stadium could 
stage its first world tide bout 
since Cassius Gay met Henry 
Cooper there in 1963, if Frank 
Bruno beats Gertie Coetzee, of 
South Africa, at Wembley 
Arena on March 4. 

The promoters, Mike Bar- 
rett and Mickey Duff, said 
yesterday that they were confi- 
dent of bringing the World 
Boxing Association heavy- 
weight champion, Tim 
Witherspoon, to London on 
June 14. 

“We are 101 per cent confi- 
dent we can. outbid anyone if 
toe fight goes to purse offers,” 
Barrett said. The promotion 
could gross £3 minion — or 
even exceed £5 .million, if toe 
bout i&scen across the world-* 
according to Barrett. 

Bruno was delighted. “This 
is what I have been dreaming 
of for a very long time,” he 
said. “But fust I have to get 
Coetzee out of the way. I think 
I have got him taped. He is 30 
and 1 don't think he should 
have .another world title 
chancel” - Bruno's manager, 
Terry Lawless, said: “All I can 

say is that the fight against 
Coetzee is all toe more 

Another British champion 
with an exciting future is Chris 
Pvait, of Leicester. He 
knocked out Prince Rodney, 
of Huddersfield, to win toe 
British tight-middleweight ti- 
tle at the Albert Hall on 
Tuesday night Pyan should 
go far, stopping Rodney was 
no mean feat Rodney is 
experienced and has a knock- 
out punch, but that did not 
worry Pyatt He went straight 
in and took charge. 

When Pyatt landed the right 
uppercut that caught Rodney 
full on toe left eye and brought 
the champion to his knees, he 
stepped out of the shadow of 
the other Leicester boxer, 
Tony Sibson. Pyatt, however, 
wants to follow in Sibson's 
footsteps and move up to 
middleweightJn time. “I ad- 
mire Tony,” he said. “I learnt 
a lot from him when I was his 
sparring partner.” 

The 23-year-old Common- 
wealth Games champion 
brushed aside suggestions that 

he might be a bit on toe short 
side fora middleweight “I am 
as tall as Marvin Hagler and 
taller than Sibson. 1 am in no 
huny but in time I should be a 
middleweight” be said. 

However, as be is a close 
tighter he is open to the quick 
counter and has been floored 
and sustained two bad cuts, 
one above the right eye in his 
last contest and one below that 
eye in this one that needed six 

Pyatt is managed by Sam 
Bums, but now that Sibson, 
who used to be with Bums, 
has put himself under Frank 
Warren, the new champion 
does not spar any more with 
Sibson. He finishes off his 
training in Terry Lawless's 
Canning Town gym in Lon- 

Pyatt can now box Nick 
Wilshire, the Commonwealth 
champion, or go for toe Euro- 
pean title. Pyatt does not want 
to meet Wilshire as they are 
friends and sparring partners. 
“Nick is a friend of mine,” he 
said. “I would fight him 
because we are professionals, 

but I would prefer to fight for 
the European title. The board 
have promised to nominate 
me.” he said 

Besides, after Wi] shire’s sur- 
prising defeat by Lloyd 
Hibbert, of Birmingham, toe 
same night, when toe Com- 
monwealth champion was se- 
verely punished by uppercuts 
from the fifth to the eighth and 
had to be retired, a double 
championship bout between 
toe two champions does not 
seem attractive at the mo- 

Nor is Wilshire’s style inter- 
esting to watch these days. He 
tends to cast boxing to one 
side and walk into ms oppo- 
nents throwing body shots and 
getting caught too often in toe 

Prince Rodney, who 
claimed that he had been 
thumbed in the eye by Pyatt, 
must now wait to see if the 
punch will aggravate toe old 
injury received in sparring 
that pul him in hospital for an 
operation and out of action for 

Broughton Park are reaping 
benefit of home produce 

Those who enjoy omens 
might care to note that Leices- 
ter, on the way lo their first 
winning cup . final, beat 
Broughton Hark in the fourth 
round in 1979. Moreover, any 
Leicester follower (all of them 
students of die Orient) will tell 
you that this is the Year of the 

This season Leicester are once 
more due to meet Broughton 
Park in the fourth round of the 
John Player Special Cup, al- 
lhough the weather seems deter- 
mined to postpone the game as 
long as possible. A mid-day 
pitch inspection at the Park's 
Cbeisfield Grove ground today 
will indicate whether enough 
frost has come out of toe playing 

The park will teH you, frankly, 
»>ia« this is rmt the cup-tie they 
would haw chosen, recognizing 
that Leicester must be warm 
favourites. Neverthele ss, t his 
season repres en ts a marked 
improvement on last year when . 
their Irish full back. Kevin 
O'Brien, spent most of toe 
season injured and they sub- 
sided from toe Northern merit 
table back into the qualifying 

When considering Manches- 
ter rugby one tends not to t hink 
much beyond Sale, though the 
Park and toe M an c h e s ter dnb 
itself are venerable institutions. - 

Manchester celebrated 125 years 

of rugby before Christmas and 
the Park have seen 104seasons 
come and go. Over tom time 
they have developed a healthy 
self-reliance, learning to pro- 

duce their own [flayers rather 
than depending on talent mov- 
inginto the area. 

They have seen individuals 
such as Tony Bond go to Sale, 
Jim Syddafl to Waterloo and 
Paul Jackson, whose father and 
grandfather played for the Park, 
making his way with Harle- 
quins. They mil, of course, 
reflect that England’s most 
capped player, Tony Neary, 
spent his senior career with 
■ them, yet the shadow oF Sale 
remains long. Only this season 
another centre, Lindsay Ren- 
wick.'went to Brooklands before 
moving south and joining Lon- 
don Scottish. 

The thumb injury that kept 
O'Brien out between October 
and April last season deprived- 
.Broughton Park of more than 
- just a full back. Capped by 

victory against Vale of Lune 
which ensured their best cup 
season so far. 

- Dominic Stone, their promis- 
ing young lock, played d vital 
rote against toe Vale. It was his 
two-handed catch at a lineoni 
near toe opposition line that set 
up Jimmy Wilde, last season’s 
captain, for a try. It was also his 
catch, on his own line near the 
end of the match, that deprived 
Vale of Lone of the chance to 

pull level. 

Stone, standing some 6ft 7in, 
came into the side IS months 
ago. Graham Higginbotham, a 
Lancashire colt, was brought in 
this season after injuries dis- 
rupted the existing midfield and 
has held down his place in toe 
centre alongside toe diminutive 
Chris Morgan, whose tackling - 
as with so many, small men - * 

falahd'against England in 1980 E.OT*" 
and South Africa the. following 

yea r, O'Brien has toe experience 
needed to prompt a team, many 
of whom are under 23; he is far 
and away the best place locker in 
the dnb (232 points this season) 
and remains toe fastest back in 
the side, wearing his 30 years 

“You could say we are a 
resilient side” Archie 
McCall um. a dub spokesman, 
said,' pointing out that a week 
after losing 53-6 topurbam City 
they brat Bedford in' the second 
round-of the cup - on television 
too -by 37-10, O'Brien having a 
Hntvt in Saar tries. In the first 
round they had a much dosec 

encounter with Sumitaidge win- 
ning 134), before toe 10-6 

Broughton Park seethe future 
in terms oflragues. They are one 
of seven dribs willing to form a 
premier division to the existing 
GiroBank North West League. 

At the moment any kind of 
rugby would suit, league, cup or 
friendly; at least they can be 
assured of: an attractive Cup 
encounter with Leicester, a 
healthy crowd and a beneficial 
income, of cash to offset the 
disappointment felt after they 
ordered- straw lo. cover their 
pitch for toe original fourth 
round cup date of February 8, 
bitty forft to arrive toe day after 
the frosL- . 

David Hands 

Dutch pull out of England game 

Sdiools ngfcy by Michael Stevenson 

Not surprisingly toe 
18 group trials, which 
have been held last weekend, 
had to be cancclled and tayo 
been rearranged fbr this week- 
end. The northern regional trials 

President's XV will take its 
place. The . 16 group will then 
travel to Italy for a two-match 

Edinburgh Academy found, 
that life, at the top was demand- 

will be held at Loughborough . ingtois season but with only two 
GS tomorrow where Midlands of ^ last season's u n bea ten skfe- 
wifl meet North; Stwto and 

Sooth West will face Soato East 
at the National .Westminster 

Bank ground, Beckenham, Kent 

on Sunday- • : . 

The England 16 group sate 
were scheduled to meet the 
Netherlands on March 23 at. 
Newcastle upon . Tyne but toe 
Dutch have withdrawn because 
of financial problems and there 

available; they still managed tt 
finish with a thoroughly respect- 

tries m two matches fbr thei 
under- 1 5s, then {flayed most of 
the season m the first XV. His 
father is John Douglas, the 
former Lions and Scotland No 

«■ - . . 

Two exceptionally promising 

■ players, : Gavin Gee and Rob 
Forehaw. are selected for the ] 
DutHtshire 18 mm tour off 


A ‘getting 
to know 
you’ final 

By Paul Harrison 

Two one-sided semi-finals 
have resulted . in., a 
sounding final of the Royal 
Bank Cup on May 1 1 at Crystal 
Palace. Speedwell Kucanor, from 
Bristol, the cup holders, de- 
feated their load rivals. Red- 
wood Lodge. 3-0 ( 1 5-4, 15-8. 15- 
5) last weekend and meet 
Capital City Brixton in the final 
Capital City proved too good for 
Radio Treat Rockets, of the 
second division, who went 
down 3-0 (1 5-8. 15-3, 15-5). 

Both teams have been regular 
visitors to toe final in the 
eighties, Speedwell having won 
three times (1981, 1983 and 
1985) and Capital City twice 
(1980 and 1984). They .rise 
make a habit -of meeting each 
other in the final 
Before then, however, toe 
destination of the league tide 
must be d e c i ded. Capital City 
will have no say in that this 
season but Speedwell will and 
this weekend at that Level at 
toe top of the table with Pofamla, 
they go to their rivals 

tomorrow know- 
ing that . victory will mob 
wrest the league title from the 

Polonia have a game in hand, 
but Speedwell have dropped 
fewer sets. In Polonia's favour is 
home advantage ' and the fact 
that they won in Bristol two 
weekends ago. catching Speed- 
well cold. “We are a naturally 
attacking side, and for us to beat 
Polonia we have to attack," 
Sieve Nuth, the Speedwell coa- 
ch, says. “And that is what we 
are going to do. We have to 

Polonia bustled Speedwell out 
of that attacking game in toe 
first match, forcing them to 
concentrate on. blocking. No 
doubt toe videos Polonia 
watched of Speedwell in action 

helped too. “Watching videos 
helps other, teams more than it 
helps us,” Nuto says, “because 
we change our game more from 
season to season, while most 
teams, including Polonia. still 
play the same way as they did 
last season. They might be better 
at it, though.” 

This season, for the first time, 
the top four teams in the Royal 
Bank League go forward to a 
SuperbowL Speedwell and Polo- 
nia are sure to be present, and 
Dragonara Leeds, who have 
come through this season, 
should take third place. It looks 
also as though Capital City will 
he strong enough to hold off the 
challenges for fourth. 

finish with a thoroughly respect- Lancashire 18 group tour or I T| i_ _ _ _ - 
able count of nine wins and five Australia (July 13 to August 13) [ UOultSj a ucn pdSl 

Gavin's father played with 

Colin time* Edinburgh's lock 
rind captain, and Scott Bell, in 
toe. centra .were the two survi- 
vors of- fast season's triumph 
and did much to hold- an 
Inexperienced . side together. 
Talent-spatters with an eye to 

yrmii to be a realistic Chance : ■ toe iuture^sbould. bole toe name, 
that a match against the RJF5U Nigel Douglas, who scored 14 

distinction as booker for Wigan 
at rugby union and bis grand' 
father was the legendary Ken 
Gee. toe Great Britain rugby 
league prop, who toured Austra- 
lia 36 years ago. Rob Forfaaw 
captains the very successful 
Winstanley College side and 
plays flanker for Orrell Colts. 

Derek Dooley, the former 
Sheffield Wednesday player and 
manager, was appointed manag- 
ing director of Sheffield United 
yesterday. He will be in day-to- 
day control at Bramah Lane 
with the duties of chief exec- 
utive. Dooley, now 56, scored 
52 goals in 61 games for 


Fastnet designers 
can still learn 

By John Nicholis 
Last year’s Fastnet race, al- 
though nowhere near as rough 
as that of 1 979, was nevertheless 
held in extremely severe con- 
ditions. Of toe 222 yachts that 
started from Cowes on August 
10. only 70 of them reached the 
finish at Plymouth a few days 
later. However, unlike 1979, 
when several yachts foundered 
and 15 people lost their lives, 
only one boat required outside 
assistance last year and no one 
was seriously hurt. 

An enquiry conducted by the 
Royal Ocean Racing Club and 
the Royal Yachting Association 
in 1979 revealed several short- 
comings in yacht design and a 
lack ofexpencnce of some crews 
that contributed to their prob- 
lems. Subsequent rule changes 
have lead to better qualified 
crews, and many detailed 
improvements to yacht design 
and construction. 

However, a RORC analysis of 
the reasons for retirement from 
last year’s race show that while 
crews now seem more aware of 
potential danger in heavy 
weather, designers and builders 
still have some lessons to learn. 

The most common reason 
given for retiring was caution 
rather than boat failure. Many 
crews became decidedly 
apprehensive during the gale 
they experienced on the second 
day of toe ' rape (Sunday) and 
retired there and then. Not only 
was it rough at the .time, but 
more, or worse, was promised 
and toe majority of toe boats 
that retired for prudent reasons 
did so on the second day. 

it is interesting to note that no 
matter what the size of the yacht 
if she continued through toe 
Sunday, she was most likely to 
finish toe race. The majority of 
the voluntary retirements were 
achis in Classes three, four 
five, toe smallest and 
generally the most uncomfort- 
able in toe fleet. 

it is probable that at that stage 
of the race, the nearby havens of 
Torbay, Dartmouth and. Plym- 
outh were an incentive to seek 
shelter and then perhaps retire. 

To quote from the retirement 
declaration of one class three 
crew: “Sailed into Dartmouth 
with a view to continuing race 
when weather improved. Heard 
of SO many disasters on radio, 
that it seemed more fun to sail 
to St VaasL It was.” Another 
from class five said; “Sailed with 
one watch leader short, skipper 
damaged arm. ribs, and leg 
being pitched across boat into 
guard rails. Two crew sick. 

Wind west force 9, progress 
down course minim aL Forecast 
showed no signs of improve- - 
mart for 48 hours, ft wasn't fun" 
any more*’. 

The RORC comment on this 
section or toe analysis is brief 
and to toe point, “'ll is satisfac- 
tory that many yachts retired on 

the grounds of prudence. Whilst 
offshore yacht racing gives plea- 
sure and excitement to many, it 
is for most participants a 

Although the retirement race 
in classes one and two 

lower, it was stiO more than 50 
per cent in each case. In these 
classes the - weather was less 
significant, partly because toe 52 
Admiral's Cup yachts were in- 
cluded within this group. Theirs 
was both a series and a team 
event, so there was more in- 
centive to finish the race. Only 
one Admiral's Cup boat is 
recorded as retired because of 
the weather, toe other 23 none 
causes of retirement were due to 
hull or gear failure including 8 

Of this dismal record the 
RORC comment: “It would be 
expected that the Admiral's Cup 
fleet would be designed, con- 
structed and equipped to the 
highest standards. Even taking 
into account that toe designs 
would be biased towards speed 
producing properties rather 
than ultimate strength, a retire- 
ment rate of nearly half must be 
considered as the 

Damage to sails was men- 
tioned more often than any 
other non-weather factor 
throughout the fleet. In conjunc- 
tion with a high proportion of 
mast and rigging failures (many 
of item admittedly due to 
inexpert handling) it would 
appear that there is still much to 
be learned about producing and 
using reliable rigs. 

Modern hulls using light- 
weight composite materials are 
still giving cause for concern. It 
is perhaps significant that when 
the age of a yacht is considered 
toe lowest retirement rate 
(excluding Admiral's Cup) was 
by yachts over 10 years old. The 
winners of classes four and five 
were launched before 1971 
while second and third places in 
class three were taken'by boats 
ofl 976 vintage. 

Yacht design has always pro- 
gressed to a large degree by trial 
and error. Clearly it is still doing 
so and one hopes the lesson of 
toe Fastnet have been learned to 
produce a new generation of 
more seaworthy boats. 

While the boat failures in the 
Fastnet did not lead to tragedy, 
though toe loss of Drum's keel 
came dose, the same might not 
be true of toe Whitbread Round 
the World Race, There has been 
similar, but more alarming fail- 
ure of bulls and rigs among the 
15 entries that are now on their 
third lot of that race. Several 
marts have had to be replaced 
(twice on two boats) and at each 
port of call there has been 
extensive rebuilding of some of 
the newer hulls. One hopes they 
have an easy passage round 
Cape Horn. 

Swansea aid 

The Bulgarian national team 
have joined the fight to save 
Swansea City from closure after 
agreeing lo play a match at the 
vetch field on March 6 as part 
of their build-up for toe World 
Cup in Mexico. They will also 
wa$ —play Norwich City on March 4. 


Five Cup 

By Joyce Whitehead 

The GMC Home Countries 
international B tournament, 
which sians today at Lancashire 
CCCs headquarters at Old 
Trafford. has extra significance 
for England. After the tour- 
nament five of their side will be 
selected to complete toe En- 
gland squad for toe World Cup 
m July. 

In the B side are last year's 
England captain Linda Care 
(Lancashire) and Kim Gordon 
(Leicestershire), who have both 
been capped for England many 
times, and Caroline Rule 
(Leicestershire) who is now fit 
again after injury. There are 
other players who were in the 
England squad on thedisastrous 
tour of Australia last summer, 
and all will struggle to regain 
their places. 

Also competing in the tour- 
nament are Canada. They, like 
England, Scotland and Ireland 
are preparing for the World 
Cup. They have had a week in 
Ireland where special arrange- 
ments were made for them to 
play four matches on grass as 
opposed to artificial turf 

On Tuesday toe North of 
England gave Canada a shock. 
They played on grass at 
Brooklands and beat them 4-0. 

There will be four matches 
today and tomorrow and two on 
Sunday morning. Play starts at 
10 am with Scotland v Wales 
then Canada v England , Ireland 
v Scotland and the last match at 
141 5 Canada v Wales. 


Putting Are 
on the map 

Are. Sweden (Reuter) — After 
a two-week break, the men's 
World Cup resumes here today 
at the sun of a programme of 
two downhill races, three sla- 
loms, one super-giant slalom. , 
one giant slalom and two I 
combtneds in 10 days. 

This Swedish resort 
Scandinavia's first World cup 
downhill tomorrow on a new $4 
million (£2.72 million) course 
which the organizers hope will 
greatly improve Sweden’s 
chances of hosting toe 1992 
Winter Olympics. 

Today's race was postponed I 
from Weflgjen. Switzerland, be- 1 
cause of bad weather. A second 
downhill follows on Saturday 
and Are's eighth World Cupj 
event concludes on Sunday unto 
a slalom. 

The 3,090-meire piste, with a 
vertical drop of 863 metres, has i 
proven ve ry demanding in 
training. “This piste is much 
more physically demanding | 
than a fiat downhill where you 
can cruise at 130 kilometres per | 
hour.” the 1985 World Cup 
downhill champion, Helmut 
Hoflehnrr. of Austria, said. 
“There are so many little humps 
that you really have to fight your j 
way through.” 

From John Bailantine 
Los Angeles 
As if all their other probk 
■were not enough, the Cham 
of Commerce here, who r 
mote and ran the Los Ang 
Open, face disruption to it 
60th tournament by the scrie 
storms which have turned 
Riviera greens into somert 
resembling blancmange. 

Unlike northern Cali for 
this is not a disaster area but 
“City of Angels” has not s 
rain like it for several years • 
even if the players and 
green keepers manage to situ; 
through and bring the u 
namem lo a successful con 
sion by the weekend, noil 
will be quite the same again 
Trucks dumped 50 load: 
dirt and gravel on to toe wet 
parts last week but pre-u 
namem events from Sunda* 
Wednesday bad to be cancel 
Wednesday's pro-am was ca 
off and toe unhappy 184 a 
xs forfeited £1,250 e: 
Parts of the famous course 1 
more like Flanders in the I 
World War than sunny Cali 

Spectators are notorio 
fickle here and. as in toe o 
rain-affected tournaments 
cently in Pebble Beach and 
Diego, which were both redi 
. to 54 holes, a hefty loss se 

It is no secret that PGA • 
officials would like to se 
commercial co-sponsor for 
event this year and the Japai 
firm, Nissan, is said to be 
front-runner. The prize-mt 
of £450,000 is low by pres 
day standards and the event 
not be shown on nationt 
television this year. 

. “One reason for CBS 
picking us up is that they a 
not get enough guaran 
advertising revenue. 1 * S 
Kelly, marketing direcior.of 
Los Angeles Chaml 
said. "We’ve also got toe vi 
date on the West Coast pai 
toe circuit, just after Hawaii 
just before the pros havi 
make the 3,000-mile sbif 
Florida” he added. 

“A corporate sponsor w 
pay us cash and guara 
advertising but we are 
certain that is the way we * 
to go,” he went on. “We I 
seen what happened in 
Diego where they have 
three different names in the 
in the past five years anc 
don't want to be at the men 
a company who may que# 
their $3 million (£2.1 mil' 
outlay for sponsorship.” 

However, toe wind of ch 
is Wowing that way. The 
phone company, AT&T, 
over Pebble Beach from K 
Crosby, and Karsten Solh 
the manufacturer of “P | 
dubs, told me in Honolulu 
week that he would like to ■ 
to play a financial role in 
foture promotion of the Pho I 
Open which is currently rit * 
toe Junior Chamber of C 
men* in that city who i 
themselves the “Thunderbii 


UK act t< 
pay for 1 
drug test 

By Michael Coleman 
In a novel attempt to er 
cate the drug cheats from rr 
ern pentathlon. Britain is 
offer to pay for all the drug l 
after the shooting event in i 
A ugust's world champions! 
in Montecatini. Italy. 

Usually, only seven are te 
to see whether competitors t 
resorted to depressants or o 
banned substances to sic 
their shooting arms. These 
the three who have achieved 
highest score on the pistol ra 
plus four others picked at 

The offer now from , 
British Modem Pentad 
Association is to conduct ) 
on all 66 men competitors 
to bring toe samples bad 
London for checking. “We 
willing to carry out these j 
there, using our equipment, 
to have toe analysis of 
samples conducted at Che 
College, -which is the best < 
testing centre in the woi 
James H add on. general 
retary of the association, sai 
All of this would be at Br 
expense, toe Sports Cot 
having given its approval. ' 
would remove the one obSJ 
previously raised against n 
extensive tests, namely the « 

A round figure of $50 (£35] 
been mentioned each test 
One big reason for this Br 
initiative is the anger 
frustration felt at toe deci 
made by the UIPMB, toe w 
governing body, last Augu. 1 
revert to five-day imemati 
contests from this season, 
each sport allotted a full 
The four-day formula, with 
shooting and the cross cou 
race held on the same day, 
thus been tried for only 

By holding the two sport 
close together, shooters .) 
inhibited from taking dq 
sants. Any profit gained on 
shooting range was more ; 
annulled by their slow-bes 
hearts and sluggish legs on 
cross country course, it was 
Many followers of the s 
regarded the U-turn to a 
day formula as an open in 
lion to the drug cheats tc 
back into business. The Br 
initiative, especially the off 
conduct toe tests in Lon- 
could foil them. Ill-feeling 
the handling of the drug c. 
samples at the Los Anj 
Olympic Games still linger? 

The championships 
Montecatini ihis August vyil 
the first time in toe sport* t 
junior and senior men and 
women. I understand toe Br 
offer of 66 tests could jot 
easily apply to 22 tests 
competitors in each of toe t 





= <Ful wood’s arrival on 
ithe Davis Cup scene 
, may be as spare man 

Meo plans 
to be 

as good as 
his word 


" 2.' s' . 

v.* . *.*.j3».-wy vZ. Pi.'-- '.v ; • 

By Sydney Friskin 

«k .. . 

>■ -V . ^ • 

-v i 


By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

f ck Fulwood. who made Paul Hutchins, that a change (Briiz 

nmunninii Halun fiu D«i nf Hipf u-nilld mat'P FlllU'mvt mil/'l 

Encouraging debut for Brit- 
in last month's BASF 
'Fnpean Cup competition. 

>een included in Britain's 
~ ^raan team for the Davis 
on 'first round tie with Spain 
-Ashtjford from March 7 to 9. 

jj^iis role may be no more 
-mCS that of “snare man**. 

■3 ,es that of “spare man**. 

s.’jise John Lloyd- Jeremy 
JP‘Es and Colin Dowdeswell 
; v ^Britain back in the first 

_ ^lon and will probably be 
Ian* a chance to keep them 
■hei. For the time being, 
“■ew*. Fulwood has taken 
- from Stephen Shaw or 
-tant Bale as the next man in 

;b>st lwood. aged 22, comes 
irhet Risley. between Derby 
Nottingham. He was 
rf^d into the European Cup 
iuutp because he happened to 
f »ak> healthiest candidate at 
con- me. For much of the 
12 in Fulwood justified his 
vGd but he and his coach. 

Bradnam, agreed with 
'KStational team manager, 



of diet would make Fulwood 
stronger and fitter. 

At some time in the next 
fortnight, probably at Telford. 
Fulwood and a Loughborough 
University dietician will dis- 
cuss a new regimen. Britain's 
latest recruit will doubtless 
have to adjust his paiate and 
his stomach to more vegeta- 
bles and Less chocolate. Hutch- 
ins hinted yesterday that he 
was not yet confident enough 
to risk * Fulwood in three 
matches (two singles and a 
doubles) in a Davis Cup tie. 

Hutchins would not com- 
mit himself further but should 
either Lloyd or Bates be unfit 
the singles' vacancy is likely to 
go to Fulwood rather than 
Dowdeswell. Should anything 
happen to disrupt the Lioyd- 
Dowdeswell doubles team. 
Bates would be a stronger 
candidate than Fulwood: but 
Lloyd and Dowdeswell cannot 
have much longer to go as a 
Da\is Cup pair - and Bates 
and Fulwood formed a prom- 
ising team in the European 
Cup event. 

All these permutations are 
pleasantly confusing. “1 see 
this as a' well-balanced team 
giving me a choice of players 
for both the singles and "the 
doubles'*. Hutchins said yes- 
terday. “John will take the 
major role w ith Jeremy. Colin 
or Nick available to fill the 
second singles spot. I also 
have two established doubles 

Christian Bergstrom (Swe- 
den) and Morten Christensen 
(Denmark) will contest 
today's singles final of the 
fourth tournament in the 
Lawn Tennis Association sat- 
ellite series, at Queen's Club. 
West Kensington. Yesterday 
Bergstrom beat Gram Connell 
(Canada) 7-p. 7-5 and 
Christensen had a 6-1. 6-7. 7-6 
win over Robin Dnsdale 

went Tony Meo. who said after 

(Britain), who saved three 

match points in the second set ^ ^at he considered himself 
and. in the third, led 5-2 and at as good as anybody, has his 

. Vm&.U 

V vVjfl v* 

5-4 had two match points chance to prove it when he 
The purpose of a satellite 

rrj rz in the fifth round of the 

senes is to provide young British at 

professionals with interna- 
tional competition and a 
chance to cam money and - 
more important in the long 

interna- which resumes today after a rest 
And 3 day. 

y and - the left-handed Meo raced to 
he long a 5-0 victory over Steve 

run - to establish themselves Newbury on Wednesday night, 

winnim the first frame with a 

in the world rankings. Next winning the first frame with a 
week’s concluding “masters'' txeak of 47 and going on to 
,„“rrr! compile breaks of 4 1 and 44 in 

week’s concluding “masters*' 
event at the David Lloyd club. 
Wallington. will be restricted 

to the 

compile breaks ot I ana in 
the fourth. Newbury, who beat 
Dene O'Kane, of New Zealand, 

most successful 5-j in the third round, had an 

players in the four proceeding 
tournaments. The most highly 
ranked player at Wallington 
will be Jorgen Windahl (Swe- 
den). who has almost broken 
into the top 200. 

aggregate of only 104 points in 
five mantes against Meo. 

Alex Higgins, who also 
reached the fifth round on 
Wednesday with a 5-1 victory 
over Mike Halle il set up a 
meeting with Peter Francisco, of 

In the absence of Britain's south Africa, nephew of Silvjno 
seven leading players the do- Francisco. last year's winner. 

Bold Arrangement (centre), seen here landing Sandown's Solario Stakes, heads for the Kentucky Derby 

mesiic challenge has been led. 


strangely, by Andrew Castle of achieved an impressive 5-3 
Taunton, aged 22. who recent- victory over Steve Longwoirh 

completed a four-year | on Tuesday night hopes to 

course at Wichita State Uni- 
versity and will now play full- 

make up for his uncle's failure. 

In the first match this after- 
noon Bill Werbeniuk. of Can- 

Racing’s Mr Ambassador 

nn-criali- -scod VK ,,wn "crueniUK. oi v-an- 

time. and Dry sdale. aged JJ, ,ak« on Rex Williams, the 
who is serrti-reiired but reck- chairman of the World Pro- 

ons his duties as a coach have fessional Billiards and Snooker 

done his game no harm. “I { Association. 


think a bit more about what ! Roger Bales 5-4 on Wednesday. 

am doing-, he said yesterday In ^ evening McLeod feces 

Drysdale has been in and jerry Griffiths, whose fourth 

out of Britain's rankings since 
1 976. once rose to fourth, and 
had 2 respectable record in the 
indoor team championship 
that is now known as the 
European Cup. His chief con- 
cern at present (not that one 
would have guessed it from 
the good tennis he played 
yesterday ) is to find financial 
hackers for his indoor centre 
at Bracknell. 

Numerically. Britain and 

round victory over Neal Foulds 
was preceded by two successes 
which have restored his con- 
fidence. He regained the Welsh 
title by beating Doug Mountjoy 
9-3 at’ AbertiUery and won the 
Belgian Masters at Oslend with 
a 4.7 victory in the final over 
Kirk Sic vans, of Canada. 

The line-up for the last 16 in 
the Open is: Murdo McLeod v 
Terry Griffiths. Willy Thorne v 
Kirk Stevens. John Virgo v 
Eddie Chariton. Tony Meo v 

Sweden will* dominate next CliTf Thorburn. Steve Davis v 
week's first round draw at John CampbcO. John Parrott v 

Wallington. with players from 
Canada. Denmark. France, 
the Netherlands. South Africa 
and the United States com- 
pleting the field. 

Jim Wych. Peter Francisco v 
Alex Higgins. Bill Werbeniuk v 
Rex Williams. 

FOURTH ROUND: T Meo bt S Newoury 5- 
0 (65-14. 59-18. 63-29. 106-4. 55-09U A 

Hmns bt M Haftttl 5-1 (35-65. 73-7. 71-6, 
94-25 81-41.60-391 



l^fdon hopes to get his 
i£ first senior game 

Why choice of six of 
the best makes sense 

By Keith Macklin 

i}frbite suffering an eye in- Stuart Wright, the 

s Wigan's reserve team and Great Britain winger, who 
. against St Helens on has only played a handful of 

By a Special Correspondent 

When it was decided to allow both have a play-off chance 

’^esdav. Joe Lydon. reserve team games since he 
j| . world-record £100,000 broke his collar bone 1 3 months 

u , frnm Wiring it «. in., I, -t mik.. i cumric* 

“ A from Widnes. is ex- ago. could make a surprise 
*0 play his first senior comeback against Rochdale 

a 1° play his first senior comeback against Rochdale 
K^for the dub in Sunday's Hornets in the Challenge Cup 
m or bged first division game second round on Sundav. 

Tiff: t Halifax at Central Park, 
expected to return, also 
tc 3n eye injury, is Greg 

Park. • Widnes. who recently sold 
also Lydoii"because they were hard 
Greg up and facing closure through 

the top six premier division 
sides to qualify for the Heineken 
championships many critical 
voices were raised. “Why six?” 
they asked. “Why not just lei the 
top four go to Wembley for the 

One good reason for making it 
six is the prolonged interests in 
the regular season. Tomorrow 

’ ng. the Australian front debts, are now planning to raise | afternoon, for instance. BBC 

hrward. .Although Lydon funds for anifici; 
Iirder. with a badly bruised £500.000 stadium 

funds for artificial turf and a 

Id Tiq stitches were insert ed- 
al Jevv ag has been out for sev- 

Rugby League authorities are 
watching closely the fate of a 

d* 'eeks after suffering lime proposal from the Welsh Rugbv 
: h^ when he was tackled Union to the International 

t&rJ 1 ^ TTia,c ^ a * Widnes. Board to review the game's 
^2^hhie from pitch markings regulations regarding payments 
, r J his eye. to players 

Grandstand cameras will be in 
the North-Easi of England for 
Cleveland Bombers against 
Nottingham Panthers: a game 
that would have no significance 
were play-off qualification con- 
fined to the top four teams. 

As it is. with the two sides 
eighth and seventh respectively. 

Panthers’ is more realistic: the, 
Bombers can be excused for 
thinking that they are not 
entirely out of the picture. 

Another reason for retaining 
the current qualification system 
is the chance of an occasional 
upseL Last season, against all 
the odds. Sireaiham Redskins 
knocked out Durham Wasps 
and 700 Durham 
supporters! timed up at Wem- 
bley without a team to cheer. 
The Wasps have never allowed 
the Redskins to forget that and 
will no doubt be trying to 
embarrass them 

Murrayfield Racers face a 
testing weekend — away to Fife 
Fivers and at home to Dundee 

Michael Coleman on a skating story of success and stress 

'he price of seeking pairs perfection 

Give Brittain, the Newmarket train- 
er. needed a shade over two minutes one 
glorious afternoon in New York to 
discover that the United States really is 
the land of opportunity. 

At the Aqueduct racetrack early last 
November his equine super-star, 
Pebbles, triumphed in the top event on 
Breeders’ Cup Day, capturing the hearts 
of the .American public and collecting a 
cool $900,000 (£775.862) of their cur- 

Three weeks later. Brittain nearly 
pulled off another audacious coup, right 
under the nose of Uncle Sam, when 
Jupiter Island came with a storming 
finish to miss second place by a nose in 
the Washington International at LaureL 
The seven-year-old's owner-breeders. 
Lord and Lady Tavistock, received a 
handsome £36.000 for that brave effort. 

Brittain, smitten with his success, 
now plans to become the first English 
trainer to land America's most prized 
event, the Kentucky Derby, traditional- 
ly run in the carnival atmosphere of 
Churchill Downs on the first Saturday 
in May. 

Bold .Arrangement, who as a juvenile 
won last season's Solario Stakes at 
Sandowi] before being disqualified from 
second place behind Bakharoff in 
Doncaster's Futurity Stakes, is the horse 
singled out for the job. 

However, his S 2-year-old trainer is 
not leaving anything to chance.Boid 
Arrangement will first have his classic 
Lest in the nine-furlong Blue Grass 
Stakes at Keeneland on April 24. 

“I really feel Bold Arrangement will 
be better suited to American racing. He 
can go fast early on, has a good turn of 
finishing speed, and will stay 10 
furlongs over there. I’ve also no fears 
about his acting on the dirt or handling 
the left-hand bends. ” Brittain said. 

The stable's hardy warrior. Jupiter 
Island, heads for the sunny climes of 
California for his first run of the season. 
His objective is the San Juan Capistrano 
Handicap, run on turf, at Santa Anita on 
April 20. 

It is also quite conceivable, granted 
that he stays fresh and sound through 
his sum mer campaign, that the St Paddy 
horse will end his racing career with a 
crack at the Melbourne Cup in Novem- . 
ber. "If they handicap him in Australia, 
with a fair weight and we can synchro- 
nize the travelling times then we will 
seriously consider running him." 
Brittain said 

For several years, with his ready smile 
and infectious optimism, Brittain was 

i regarded as racing's Mr Nice-Guy. Now 
through bis enterprising successes 
abroad he has found international 
respect as a trainer. 

Pebbles, of course, is very dear to 
him. Now a five-year-old. she won the 
1984 1.000 Guineas and last July earot a 
special place in the record books by 
becoming the first filly to break the male 
stranglehold on Sandown's historic 
Eclipse Stakes. 

Although her Breeders' Cup Turf 
victory was very exciting, her breathtak- 
ing performance when cruising past Slip 
Anchor in the Dubai Champion Stakes 
at Newmarket which preceded her New 
York triumph, gave Brittain more 
satisfaction. "Coaxing her back to her 
best after a 3Vi-month lay-off was most 
rewarding. Brittain added. 

Pebbles, it appears, does take some 
knowing. She rarely puts her best foot 
forward on the gallops, and will only 
participate if her constant companion. 
Come On The Blues, leads her. She 
thrives on a part diet of Guinness and 
eggs, but in the true tradition of a 
temperamental actress, reserves her best 
performance for the opening night 

Because of the advance publicity. 
New Yorkers knew all about Pebbles 
ind her boyfriend. Come On The Blues. 

1 who was allowed to lead her down to the 
start of the big Aqueduct evenL They 
took to Pebbles so warmly that she was 
installed a red-hot favourite, and she 
did not let them down, holding off 
Strawberry Road in a barn-storming 

Pebbles will return to the Slates in the 
Autumn for another crack at the 

Breeders’ Cup Turf, and she may also 
compete, eariier. in the Arlington 
Million at Chicago. Her first appearance 
in this counny will be delayed until July 
when she attempts to repeat her Eclipse 

Brittain and his wife. Maureen, 
returned to Newmarket at the weekend 
after spending a fortnight's holiday in 
Florida and on the West Coast, their 
first break for four years. Brittain 
collected an award for Pebbles as best 
filly on grass at the grand Eclipse prize 
ceremony in Miami, receiving bis award 
from the actor. John Forsythe (Blake 
Carrington of Dynasty). "The Ameri- 
cans certainly know bow to lay it on. It 
really was a lavish affair, the trainer 
said. But while he was in the States. 
Brittain took the trouble to visit the 
Santa Anita racetrack in Hollywood, in 
preparation for Jupiter Island. 

The trainer, relaxed and confident, 
was busy supervising part of his 1 00- 
plus suing, who were hade cantering on 
the wood chip all-weather surface at his 
Carlburg stable yesterday. He quickly 
pointed out Supreme Leader, who was 
never right again after jarring himself 
when fourth in the Derby. "He has put 
on 90 kilos this winter and could be a 
major force in the big mile events this 
year," Brittain aid. 

Despite the snowy surround, two 
horses actually enjoyed themselves in 
Brittain's equine swimming pool from 
which handlers had to skim off the ice 
from the surface. “No. it isn’t crucL" 
Britiain said. "They have a much higher 
body temperature than humans, and 
their metabolism is different too. "The 
horses, instead of shivering when (hey 
came out. looked positively invigorated 
by their dip. 

Give Brittain was the highest Europe - 
a money-earner in 1985. His domestic 

an money-earner in 1985. His domestic 
earnings totalled £435,736, while 
Pebbles and Jupiter Island, who in 
October won Longchamp's £3 1 .805 Prix 
du Conseil de Paris, boosted Brittain's 
overseas winners’ tally to £807.667. 

His overall total of more than £I.2m 
surpassed even the champion trainer, 
Henry Cecil's domestic record total of 
£U48.I89. which included four classic 
winners. Surely. Brittain's magnificent 
achievements abroad will serve as a 
salient example to other trainers that 
they should broaden their horizons. As 
Brittain succinctly said: ” The prizes are 
there. AU you need is the confidence to 
go and get them." 

Brittain: top money-earner 

a deyl Peake and Andrew 
my are still counting the cost 
Inline weeks they spent in 
, jr^er. Ontario, last year 
tonS the secrets of top-level 
.mfitioB in the company of 
M m /s leading pairs skaters. 
-ja n( jh month the bills keep 
Eaji in, with the interest 
■fmo’ Naylor said. "Well pay 
7T 7 -i soon as we can wish the 
jfjsti, grants we hope to obtain 
(I any 

nf IoJmHs will not be getting 
I he'- Go the strength of their 
J-L thiAmerican edu cati o n , the 

§ n ,woo the British senior 
s iade a successful first 
x tnce at last month's 
pcan championships in 
'~^djtagen and will in three 
Jn time be pitched against 
Sts aid’s best at Geneva. 

|§& call happened so last, and 
a c nly been together for 18 
I ha." said Miss Peake, who 
flOTtitar standard solo skater 
wjVayknr broke a pairs 
faship and invited ber to 
— Jin, 4 * . ... 

ute are aged 20 and belong 

/.in? same Nottingham dub 
f__ioasled Torvill and Dean. 

he similarity ends. "1th- 
] ng unkind, pairs skaters 
—Mot as much in common 
, jfc dancers as competitive 
“ Jits have with their syn- 
ed counterparts. 

■’ skaters are viewed with 
ct that borders on awe by 
jJBttolleagues on ice. It is 
enough being a solo 
Bye* blending triple rotation 
4. multi-position spins and 
“tie footwork into an error- 
teistic musical entity; bur 

“I™ in harmony with the 

Some of a partner who is 

'•“it of contact, and even out 
x'p-t. woo Id appear to be 
I vs ing the impossible. 

one contemplates the 
f 1BS inlierent in the high lifts 
Mn row jumps peculiar to 

lOC-afim if is Ml aiiilHcino 

They slipped up with the 
salchow at their European de- 
but. where they finished tenth. 
Miss Peake taking a fall. “We 
went into it at the wrong angle." 
she said, “each polling against 
the other." In the two-and-a- 
quarter minute short programme 
contest the day before, an appar- 
ent lack of speed forced ber to 
seek hand support on the surface 
and in the death spiral, where 
the woman is rotated while 
■virtually parallel with the ice. 

These were the only blem- 
ishes in two carefully prepared 
and balanced programmes 
which are being polished and 
refined for the Geneva show- 

Top pairs, stock as Yelena 
Valova and Oleg Vasilyev, the 
Soviet world and Olympic cham- 
pions. perform synchronized tri- 
ple solo jumps and solo double 
axels too, bat, as Naylor points 
oat, it takes months to perfect 
these. “We can each do triple 
salchows: that's one thing, bat 
doing them side by side is 
another. We shall work on them 
for next year." 

Another task before Geneva is 
to acquire the speed so obviously 
lacking at Copenhagen. “It's 
power skating we need to per- 
fect, the ability to cover the ice at 
speed and with deep edges like 
the Russians and North 
Americans," Miss Peake said. 
“We Ye doing it now before 
training, boikltag op speed, solo 
and together. It helps to build op 
our tegs." 

No less spectacular than the 
throws are the lifts in which the 
woman is raised in a vertical or 
horizontal position while ber 
partner rotates on the ice below 
her. The couple plan a “no- 
hands" star lift for Geneva with 
Miss Peake held aloft, parallel 
to the ice. perched on her left 

Close shave for tired Buck House 

jpfs: 1 • ' VV- .' : v- 1 

■ ' " 

By Our Irish Raring Correspondent, Dublin 
Buck House, the supposed Buck House was very tired and Hurd 
good thing for yesterday’s P. Z. Rainbow Warrior came back decisi 
Mower Chase at Thuries, was 2- again lojoin turn 100 yards from idol t 
I on favourite as the race home Thereafter the lead alter- Puree 
commenced, but was being of- nated stride by stride and Buck sports 

Dick Hinder 

Results from 

again lojoin him 100 yards from 
home. Thereafter the lead alter- 

: L ' ' ^ : { ! 

fered at 2-1 against by the 
bookmakers seconds after he 
and Rainbow Warrior had 
! flashed past die winning post 
locked together. 

The camera showed, how- 
ever, that for once the 
bookmakers' eagle-eyed scouts 
had misread the result aod that 
Buck House had. in feet, held on 
to win by a short head. 

Despite the small field this 
£12.500 event had produced a 
marvellous spectacle of fast 
jumping as last year’s winner. 
Rainbow Warrior, attempted to 
lead all the way. 

Approaching the turn for 
home Buck House moved up to 
head Rainbow Warrior and 
when he opened up a three- 
length lead between the last two 
jumps the issue appeared in safe 
keeping. His rider Tommy 
Carmody was not so confident, 
though, and after he bad glanced 
over his shoulder and seen 
Rainbow Warrior still in touch 
he had to work hard on the 

House just edged in front on the 

Both first and second will be 
in action at Cheltenham where 
Buck House, already, a course 
winner over hurdles, goes for the 
Queen Mother Two-Mile 
Champion Chase, while Mi- 
chad Cunningham runs Rain- 
bow Warrior in the Gold Cup. 

Paddy Osborne plans to run 
Deep Idol in the Waterford 
Crystal Supreme Novices Hur- 
dle rather than the Sun Alliance 

Hurdle at the big meeting. This 
decision was taken after Deep 
Idol had won a hotly contested < 
Purcell Exports Hurdle, a race 
sponsored by the owner of Buck 
House. At one stage Shannon i 
Spray, hitherto untested in three 
facile hurdle wins, was fully 15 
lengths in front but the lead 
diminished rapidly early in the 
straight where Deep Idol and the 
strong favourite, Knockehy Cas- 
tle. both made their efforts. 

There was nothing to choose 
between the trio at the final 
hurdle, but Deep Idol was the 
one to quicken away and left 
Shannon Spray three lengths 
behind at the post. 

tale) 1 . 7b» Mima* Pimt (Mr 

uvnymon ho y. mss a PurcrtL Tot* (to 

JftSJr l5p ' 19p * 23 °- ^ « 

Z30 t&n 41 cn) i, Bock Horn* (T 
forecast Zip. 

aptgmhdlti IQ— pMui ffl Maa<ta\ 9- 

si.’s ssymvsra 

namngton. p q Osborn*. Toe*. 63 d: 16o. 
Zip. J&TCSF: £36.09. ^ 

wash, B-4 tav). 2. Ah Wlssivt (7-4). 3, 


Beautyj 11-41; 4. Cttsrock (6-1». Danong 
Gty 5-2 fay, a. UL 16 ran. NACaSn 

_ _ T * ? v - a - 16 ran. NR: Ca*n 

Punchestown the sole survivor Is? 1 * eS^ssf-'-fis 

Radag at Doncaster to. nor- lost tneetinss bow stand* at frr 

Racing at Doncaster tomor- 
row has been abandoned owing 
to frost-The course also stage a 
meeting on Monday and that 
fixture hinges on an inspection 
at noon tomorrow or Sunday, 
depending on the weather fore- 

There wfl] now be no racing in 
Britain tomorrow with Kempton 
Park and Stratford-on-Avon 

leader. In the closing stages earlier casnalties. The total of 

land where no problems are 

With Doncaster already in 
doubt for Monday hopes are not 
high for the day’s other meeting, 
at Leicester. Clerk of the course 
Nick Lees reports the course 
frozen and will hold an fnspeg- 
tion sometime today. 

5* urn***™ (t 

HoftMan.™* 65p: ,6p 

Sponsorship on 
the increase 

Cheltenham acceptors 

fggfta giaBNasra 


Cheryl Peake and Andrew 
Naylor: tee is high 

Bradford blank 



ooand bopefnJIy ffel! get timber ^ 

on Cheryl who does the |„ other lifts. Miss Peake is all of this plus anothei 
mi P r k oW time, left io admire the stadium roofs return trip will bo neci 
kef offered. "But we haven't Did she not find such aerial summer to learn mon 
rrr anything yet" In pairs, activity unnerving? “I don*f feel leading pairs cose 
'Ste-* woman who is thrown, a( afiaid. On the contrary, Leiteb. Back in Britai 
tchB t>P to three times in the j t - s flU it e easy because i tah» a costs are eased by a 
nt*He landing backwards. ip thSr £200 pan* to each si 

pirfftke and Naylor include For prime pairs, the next step ,he Nation 

'• J™ (amp* in their ^ler mastering the 20 and more Association. 
jOT^a-half numite free pro- phyafa j dements in a free L Consequently, tl 
s ^ the triple »lcbo», in programme is to fuse them into a heavily on family' sap; 
1 ^ nkesott S**™”** balanced act even into the ke d « i S ns * h « r 

op insde edge; the doable theatre to which the dancers. ^ one ° r tbe ska,u ^ 

<0 2S W#r i' y? 11151 *?' and partiraferiy thine from the So- lh « do» tfc 

We axel (forward, out- ^ L | nim , TOCed success- work. No doubt Tt 
u fnlly. Dean also had to com 

riit Cheryl who does tbe 
mi she fells all the time." 
kefoffered. "But we haven't 
anything yet" in pairs. 
s>ste- a woman who is thrown, 
'“tdJ! PP to three times in the 
“m^re landing backwards. 
uffiWke and Naylor include 
■, ich throw jumps in their 
•i.Awsf _ ®*holf minute free pro- 
a ^ the triple salchow, jn 
yn bh« takes off backwards 
op inside edge; the doable 
engckwards. outside): and 

— ^ We axel (forward, out- 

Everything returns to finance. 
Last year, their second place in 
tbe nationals earned Naylor a 
£1.000 grant from Nottingham- 
shire Comity Conncfl and Miss 
Peake £600 from Peterborough, 
her home. 

Tbe trip to Canada absorbed 
all of this plus another £1,000. A 
return trip will be necessary this 
smnmer to learn more from the 
leading pairs coach. Kerry 
Leiteb. Back in Britain training 
costs are eased by a quarterly 
£200 grant to each skater from 
i he governing National Skating 

Consequently, they rely 
heavily on family support. Miss 
Peake designs (heir costumes, 
and one of the skating mums at 
the stadium does the needle- 
work. No doubt Torvill and 
Dean also had to count the cost. 1 

Yorkshire will not play at 
Park Avenue. Bradford this 
Summer. The scheduled fix- 
tures. against Somerset in the 
John Player Special League and 
against Warwickshire and 

Fears that racing sponsorship 
would disappear with the reduc- 
tion in TV coverage last year' 
took to bare been unfounded. 
Latest research shows that, in 
spile of programming cuts. , 
sponsorship almost doubled 
from £15m in 1983 to £4.5m in 

In percentage terms, televised 
racing has held up well in spite I 

Hooks, Bunough Ml Lad, By ^ The Way, 
CastfB Anoraa, Combs Ditch, Cuntradeal. 
CytrarKSan, Dawn Run. Earts Bng. For- 
gwe n' Forwit. Galway Blare, I 
HaventsSdht Ooservs. Ranbow Warrior, 
fapWwna Man, Run Ana Skip. Rywian. 
Vary Promtskia Von Trappe. Wayviwd 

Lad! Wo e to m Sunset WwtTip, Young 
Driver. You're MMcone.To be run on 
Thursday. March 13. 

HURDLE: Aonoch. Areiun. Aar, Baien 
SUMMON Bob ftelat. Bonaftna, Bruges. 
Chryssor, Ctnra, Corporal Ctfnger, 
Cumrew. Rrst Bout flamy Sark. 
Fredcotart. Gala's image. Gaya Bnef. 
GMzepta Again. Harry Hasfengs. Herbert 
IJnttsa, Hanbe rei d B Lady. Jamasm e ad, 
Jay Ride. Kessan. utSe Bay. Marc Mttar. 
Muqadar. Nebns. Nohabnckn. Out Of The 
Gtoom. Pnoraux Boy. Ra Nova. Rohm 
Wbnder. Satin Du Lot. See You Then. 
Sheer GoM. Southemarr, Stans Pnde. 
Tenyash. The Joker. Tam Sharp. Voyant 
To be nm Tuesday. March 11. 

Badsworth Boy, Bsemwam, BobeHne. 
Buck House, CapM Dawn, Desert 
Ot*mL Duke Of Mian. Far Bridge. 
Fearless Imp. Ffwght Forwarder, Hazy 
Sunset Jo Colombo, Jonns Presort, 
Katreee LSd. Lett Bank. Una Bw, Norton 
Cross. Oir Fun. Pan Arctic Pear An- 

Glamorgan in the Britannic ne>o up weu in spite 

Assurance county champion- ^fierec com pen uon from other 
ship, will be transferred to sports. Snooker isnow themost 
another ground, probably 

Headinglev.' The Bradford dub’s ^^cmgstill holds 

appeal for extra financial help behind crickeL 

UUUt-oi lui V 'leu 1IIUIIIVU44 uwiki n _ , 

for urgent repairs will be consid- Racing s coverage rci«aents 

ered by Bradford corporation . “ P® - 5”^ ^ 

next week. televised sport and that is an 

' ' _ increased share following four 

> COLOMBO (Reuter) — The years in which it dropped from 
medium-pace bowler Jayananda the leading sport with 17 per 

Wamaweera will make his Test cent to just over 1 1 ner cent in 
debut for Sri Lanka in the first 1984. 

Test match against Pakistan 
starting in Kandy on Sunday. 

TEAM: L H 0 Mendo (opt). S Wemnwiy. 
SAP Silva. P A de Silva. Ft L Dies, a 
R ananmga. R J Ranuyake. A L F de MM. 
J R Ratnayehe. E A R de Suva, J 

• Six contractors are now in 
competition for the rights to 
supply Britain's 10,000 betting 
shops with live television pic- 
tures of racing via satellite. 

Artaius Meed. Avebury, uaosaa 8*jy 
S’ 8 **- Bwaoora. Basswi. 

Bayram. Bbedi Road. Bel Couree. Bo*n 
Palace. Borevoe. Bnnco, Captstranp 
Piincfl. Chance tn& MKon. Coctatorum, 
Colonel James, Comamsamo. Com- 
mander Robert. Copse And Rcfabws, 
Core** Sprinps, Cowt Appeal. Dart 
Raven. Dawn Spirit, Dundalk Bay. Dupl- 
cator. B OaMeo. Err* Suitan. Ffo Reet 
Spacal. Fw A Lark. Friends For Ever, 
Gienmore Captam. Golden Fax. Goottron 
Pom. Oaen Spider. Gruioy Lana. Gwyn 
Howard, Hansard. Hamnoton Sound. 
Heu Of The House, Heflo Paddy. 
Hendr*. Hobeumes. Home County. 
Hometey, Haneymen, tmpenal Bid. in- 
bdMi Jamie'S Lady. Jimor Citizen. 
Kentucky Quest Kofe, Kuwait Mutar 

Eleven jockeys 

n Eleven^ jockeys, indudinn 

Too Dear. 
Orarton. P 

“o Jock £ ys ’ including 

tn?nS^ po ^ n,y sus Pcnded un- 
til Sunday after anti-corruption 

22? * n Hong. Kong 
«nes of arrests linked to alleged 
malpracucro. The former ^ 
sex-based trainer, Derek Kent 
has also been suspended 

of the Independent 
Afunst Corrup- 
* aid . a number of 

oecte^URteM.Uto stoop', people were detained in 
kLKkyBak*. MMsbe Rtaa mom no ,Q . ^y- 

Mt y Wck. 

Prune Oats. Private Aunon, Racolect 
Roarit, Saflore Reward. San Canos' 
Sameta Boy. Samopadre. Sarana Tanks! 
Shroprtms Lad. Solar Cloud. Son Of her 

Lu*yBaloa Majestic r™. 

w. Mss Magnetism, tfy 
jpt wamor, Nhattash, None 
Rarer, Ocean Lite, 
dycoup. Paddw^wt. Pc- 

a sax's 

"Jafa. followed a six-mnnfh 

Bt epaa i d a Lord. Sterne. String Ptoyar' 
Suirema Charter, Svgficti. SwWkm Crell! 
S*wi Joker. Ttuuognet. Tesdmoma). 
That's Your Lot Thawriom. The abm 
T he Footman. The Ka&an, The Muscm 
P riasL The Tamper Toda Foma Avans 
Tresidder. Trial Period. Trojan Prince' 
Troy Fair. Tudor Season. Vaios. Vtx 
Adirtral. Vistula. Wantage. Warwick Sinta. 
WatfordOap.Wide Boy. Yale. Zeebniqm. 
To be ns) on Thursday. March 13. 

tnony. Roadster. SomeriecL State Case. 
St VWbm, Van Promising. To be nm 

Van Promising. To be nm 
. March 1Z 


Archipenko. Amhafl. 

ssarautass «- 

"SIX’ aSb 

dub statement said. Jw:Ke * 

"Ul Lr 


A i 

: ‘ J 4 

■ Nw 4f 

* •- *‘ & fk 

Lj* l±S£> 


*. ' • ; 

i p . 

• ; • * ,i J A 

.. ;,\>- 

> ' ’ 

: V • c* 


Motoring by Clifford Webb 

How the Avant weathered the storm 

m* ?- 8 ft ***«« car weighing almost 
1 h tonnes with a povwsrftj 22 litre ' 
fiiel-mjected, tuitxH*aig£j 

vehicle m which to tackle a 1 8ft-mile 

JSJJfy 00 r 9®? s treacherous after a 
heavy overnight snowfall. That was 

y«. wthin the first 
was kppily couming'my 

While others were sliding around 
or stuck altogether 1 got through 
wth minimum effort. And whena 
VauxhaOi Carlton suddenly shot out 
Of control into my path I slammed 
on the brakes and swerved around it 
with such little drama that the : 
dnver never knew how close he 
came to being torpedoed amidships.-' 

By now it will be obvious that this” 
was no ordinary estate car. 
Indeed.ordinary” is the" last adjec- 
tive one would choose to describe 
the remarkable Audi 200 Avant 
Quattro. To begin with it does not 
look like any other estate car. 
Perhaps a better description would 
be a luxury saloon with estate car 
tendencies. Only the extra large pair 
of windows behind the rear 
reveals its true identity. 

But good looks, however appeal- 
ing, are the last things drivers mink ' 
about in such abysmal conditions. It ' 
was the Avant’s hidden assets which 
were put to the test that day — four 
wheel drive and Bosch ABS anti- 
lock braking. Between them they 
must count for some £4,500 of the 
Avant's £25,307 price tag. 

Yet for some 95 per cent of the 
car's life in the hands of the average 
driver they will never be needed. 
Most drivers- are unable to take 
advantage of the extra traction 
available with 4 x 4. A large 
proportion of accidents with Audi 
Quartros must be caused by drivers - 
trying to find the car's limit through 
bends. It goes foster and foster and- 
still retains limpet-like mad hold- 
ing. What they do not realize is that 
when a 4 x 4 comes unstuck it 
happens entirely without warning 
and because of the very high speed 
invariably means a serious accident. 

ABS on the other hand can be 
tested regularly to reassure yourself 
that when an emergency arises you 
know how the car will react Choose 
a quiet road on a rainy day. Check 
you rear view mirror and at about 
60 mph hit the brakes hard. You 
will immediately feel alight pump- 
ing action under your foot as the 
electronic sensors - prevent ' the 
wheels locking. It is this automatic 
“cadence" braking which keeps 
enough rubber in contact with the 
road to enable you to retain control 
through the steering wheel. 

Towards the end of the test 
weather conditions improved to the 
extent that I was able to use more of 
the smooth-flowing power of die 
1 82 bhp turbo charged engine. The 
ratios of the very slick five-speed 
gearbox are- well matched • to its 


M p 

W9m' “ 


Top, the Audi 200 Avant Quattro, and bekrw, the Peugeot 309 GL 

which invites you to throw this big 
car around tike one half its size. 

I was disappointed however by 
ibejx>or field of vision through the 
rear window, lx is very restricted by 
the unusually high boot-line and an 
airdam mounted three-quarters of 
the way down the steeply sloping 
glass hatch. 

The 200 Avant is very lavishly 
equipped with an electric sunroof, 
fully automatic airconditioning, 
electrically operated - sports-type 
seats and door mirrors, cruise 
control, additional long distance 
driving lights, warning buzzer for 
tights or radio left on and car 
assisted steering with tots of “feeF 
built in. 

Vital Statistics. 

Model: Audi 200 Avant Quattro. 
Price £25,307. 

Engine 2l44cc 5 cylinder injected- 
turbo charged. 

Performance 0-60 mph 8.2 seconds, 
maximum speed 140 mph. 

Official Consumption: Urban 20 
rare, 56 mph 35.3 mpg and 75 mph 
29.1 mpg. 

Length: 15.8 feet 
Official Insurance Group 8. 

Peugeot’s Hopes 

Lying ur bed recovering from a 
particularly vimlant bout of flu is a ' 
very depressing time With every 
joint in the body aching and a head 
as big as a bucket, even the most 
minor problems assume catastroph- 
ic proportions. This week when I 
was at my lowest ebb 1 struggled to 
recall something nice to lift the 
depression. The picture I conjured 
up was of a ligbtgreen Peugeot 309. 
Ait surely with all the exotic 
machinery^! my command I could 

is being assembled at Ryton near 

Not so. From the moment I sat 
behind the wheel of the ' 309 GL I 
was at home. Everything, clicked ;.. 
the instant starting with a manual 
choke (very rare today), a driving 
position which required tittle ad- 
justment to make me comfortable 

equipment, trim and. engine size 

How rise wilt the works manager be 
able to show colleagues that he 
ranks higher in the pecking order 
than a “rep". 

I pointed out this ommision to 
Geoffrey Whalen, managing direc- 
tor of Peugeot Talbot UK at the cars 
launch in December. 

Within 24 hours be had discussed 
h with his sales team. The outcome, 
according to reliable sources, is that 
within a short lime 1.3 and 1.6 
models will cany their engine size 

., The model- i tested last week was 
the. TGIf 1,6 V with a five-speed 
; gearbox.' This is one of the group's 
latest engines featuring an alloy 
cylinder block and head with an 
overhead camshaft. 1 have already 
remarked on the exceptionally dean 
pick-up and this allied to the 
smooth way the power is delivered 
makes it surprisingly quick. It is also 
one of the quietest cars in its class. 

The 205 Supermini hatchback did 
wonders for Peugeot. The 309 five- 
door hatchback draws upon the 
same basic design but provides the 
passenger space and luggage room 
the 205 cannot. If Ryton maintains 
the high standard of the model I 
tested when production reaches its 
target of 1.000 per week the 309 
could be just as big a winner. 

Vital Statistics. 

and in control, a rapid warm-up and- Vital Stfltfcl 

the cleanest pick-up oh a ModeL . 

***“ for a 

very Jong time. Ermine: I580cc. 

The steering without power assis- pSronce 0-62 mph 12.5 sec- 

to satisfy most women . .drivers t v 

although it became a bit ofa handful 
when manoeuvring in a confined 

The 309's most satisfying asset is 
its brakes. They are without doubt 
the best I have encountered on a 
mass-produced . family . car. The 
slightest pressure on the pedal 
brought a reassuring response, not 
the brutal kind you get on some 
Citroens which threaten to hurl you 
through the windscreen when you 
thought you were only braking 
gently, but the kind that responds to 
increased pressure progressively 
and swift I have seldom felt so 
confident and safe. 

- The 309 which began' to appear in 
Showrooms a fortnight ago is avail- 
able with a choice of l.l t ‘ 1 .3 apd 1 .6 

Official Consumption: Urban 33.2 
mpg. 56 mph 55.4 mpg and 75 mph 
42J> mpg. 

Length: 1 3.3 ft, - 
Insurance: Group 4. 

Go fast debut 

A newcomer making a much de- 
layed debut in Britain was bunched 
at the Belfast Motor Show this 
week. The Renault 5 GT Turbo has 
been on sale in France for nearly a 
year and was so successful that 
exports had to wait their turn. It has 
the same 1.4 litre power unit as the 
Renault 1 i Turbo giving the smaller 
car a top speed of over 1 25 mph and 
0-60 mph time of only S seconds. 
Among the changes made to cope 

litre engines. But nowhere on the car' with some 1 1 5 bhp is a new four-bar 

inside or out are you told which 
engine it has. For some reason 
Peugeot do not like labelling their 
cars with the engine size. The only 
Peugeot which breaks this rule to 
my knowledge is the magnificent 
205 GTi and that is restricted to a 
small red painted panel behind the 
rear window. / _ 

Bui the 309 carries all Peugeot's 
hopes of becoming established in 
the British fleet market and the one 

gearbox are- well matched to fts machinery tit my command I could the British fleet market and the one 
torque curve; Thp rcsuJfr-is a wy * «io better than a -nm-of^the-mfll ^fhSng fleet buym insist on is deal 
swiftly-responding combination FrencbrivaJ for theFscort, even if it identification of the degree pi 

rear suspension layout It also 
acquires disc brakes all round with 
the front pair ventilated. 

The “hot batch" sector is one of 
the fastest growing with sales up 
from 14.000 in 1984 to 30,000 last 
year. Renault hope to sell 3,000 5 
GT Turbos here this year but it is up 
against some pretty formidable 
competition in the Ford Fiesta 
XR2, MG Metro Turbo, Peugeot 
205 GTi and the Fiat Uno Turbo. 
And at £7*360 the new Renault is 
the most expensive of the bunch. 

3M’s Whi 


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fXM NS Itoto 
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topi 205CT 
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aa Hi comomk « a co 

Bi-W HS/W7/9S0 
Ham- M»Fri him if 


i v Rcstartiion. nnMica 
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strft lap and rear seals. 4 
sprrt manual gearbox. 
Himind S»m dirrerentUL 
. (aw bar. tuntaKhw aM 
radio. A new !yr«-*. IB 
moallw MOT. 6 monlfu 
lax. read t&e Only. 1 
.-owner from new 

£6,950 ono 

- OdllVTD 102907/ I 202/ 

HDIAIH.T ZS «. Manual Blue. 
18000 mlt. tun roof. Iu« *n.. O dun OawMr S7JM 

B 01-481 4000 


. Launrhrd Nn -8S Blue mrUL 
dr with MMM g^wnrv 
TM hnorMMM car M B T pro-- 
Mr. nctrac Inrlude 2 wdilm 
roof. 2 *rats. pmsim hi-fi cyi- 
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2/00 n»K £ 12.200 o n o. 
PtKw Ufa 2G670 davnme or 
0260 il«»! rvmtngt- 

I Mmnbair Muht 2 Caspian 
1 ’ bfut Mtoauun ft 1 manual in 
Cypr u s ym ia Hn 4 MaM- 
eniwao. I3S Bndor Rd Owurt 
Briar Nrwpan on 0628 Ui8& 

Ml BT Isl r fg lsl cr e a Jupr 
. 1 PM Ctwraiair L 2 .COO mU<A. 
Full smite hHary- on* wand- 
mnilwr owner £0250. 0200 - 

-310023. ■ 

i in i w Am £ii itM Mono; s.o i 

1 CO Bcrulw Automat*, advrr 
blue ABEL - ad rand. As new. 
IMO MM £11-700. Tei 
\c4lham 0376 61 3666 <Onkc> 

.400 ia lauUA OO jnoM. motMItr 
Kroner wilti Oorull Mdlw fnH 
nor AC a ytMtr hMImr. 
IkonlUnsA rusMa C11.4SO 
Drafrr larHilin TM OI W 
7»e i ot 7T5 3d 12 <Tl 
MNCC ran voeuf Bpmol 
Edition X red. FSH. I owner, 
tow mfla s p e. metoPir Mpr. wal- 
mil rapMna* air rand. dlwi. ' 
ntrthrt nanfflr EJ.WB one. 
Ol WG 16*0 anytime 
■moot iwmo a tr vt Land 
towr 90ht named Mt<nM 
M prey Mmedtoie aetnrrv 
anywnar C730O-* VAT or 
Tax im. for rapon 0006 
US9«4 lT> 

VOLVO 4 Wheel OrKo S mlv 
cam - LHD Go anywne re . 
Strattfu tram n* SwOHi Dr- 
Imre Manblry £2300 me MOT 
ft No. Plato. 0090 *45544 IT) 
monda ensLuac EX auto Cos- 
mnU‘2 lOOOOifMec. imw. 
£7.760 ono- 01443 M«2 «r 
. (0763' 894681 today 

bujuiada x* cma x bo. aw. 

I ral her, 10.009 tab. as new. 
£7.780 0*90 21101 07. 


M 2X0(84 28k mUea. UR. Sorr 4 
door. Marta* Ci**(tv ron. 136 
BHP. BaJiir Blue. Pearl rUHh. 
SPOrt* MVlA. IS in BBS Wbfoto. 
AB». sootier*. EW, ESR, 
. HWW, AMR rtr Colour Keyed. 
On mac M36fl 04(2734941 
l Of 11 0619283030 '7444 


ram SB8I- war M.‘ id\er wun 
' Mur mtetSor .' pocuriiW metre 
sport. c»» Bl .only 200 mtto. 4B 
OOTM TRMT Bictuttrtg Rttan 
■ratine. 23.000 hum. orUeuMj 
VtaHnc.. £4.996. Tel .0709 
873840 Anytime 

MW 9281 SC Dec 94. 9 (need. 
Oatnbeny OiatrmsnT kraian 
late Car wHh FSH MeUHtr 
qmn wiUi ptf* uPMUrO 
EBP PlM»rr radio caOWOr rtr. 
£4.760 offi rr 04 88 83417 4T 
hotiH- 0794 770709 

H «3S c-u. Aupud 8ft C reft. 
taanutarlurer 1 * warmly Itn 
Auoutt 86. Mark with Mack 
leather ans. 4^00 itals. air : 

ron elf 09 ECO Or wn>Mr of- 
Id Phone 03709 ssvl day or 
0702 984807 alter ft pm. . 



S5S Aaioo Martin Vantaee. *nnriekbt,-j Mugno’ia r.,dc 

SOvOtlue E*tc Su^nr:'! UMam.cii-'nwe Ulftea 

8*8 Aeon Mama Vantafte Pova' cneur Megnojio ruae. 

Sk»i; nr.jj!l filar*' 'XClC'O'n. £44S95 

B5 ;c4ob I'c-o^iriiionto 

•JCtim S'rceeaii.nuvxreMiMsin'^. ErA'iinJonaS £304100 
B1W Marea4ra3fl''6LC,Crcnui3ief* Oiwcnsfe 4B&Mk4a* 

4 -lid". CiM in*)*. Si->nc 290P7*i ciains 

B37 Metccde* 780 St C*3"'Ca9«W fiBS EiSud»l ll.OCiOm £16398 
838 MareaaasiME fiuic SnirtailDlur SObfin EI3JM9 

M» Maioeoas 230CE. ice ol'j-.- ;i(O 0 -b cti.ees 

B»C l»8mod|P 1 ?rsche , 3 JTiimaGPWMe BltfO MO* 3JJ00m 
M 8«tockoMT«ifto.Chtpdip M ne Fu«tpow"!" 0» a000m£333os 
834 Pencil* ulo tuam! >eo 6iari. tine IQ PQOrn £22395 
SO PomMM3.3Tufbo.8i4ci mei lannoa 13 DOOm* 

9SC IWn*«*ancMtMUi.M4>ifi p*i SuMuot 1000m E10JMS 
k»» ia& meqj Porsche ST* l ur. 8000 m ciiaw 

43Y S«eaPalm(66H£.Rn(v]iuinci,ci Kismde 14 000m* 

85C aeeuarxaS39 Can Sfigriftdn Bscufllede 4 000m £20.098 

I*} ei*oa'*tt* UAOC-m SUMS 

*4A Velro200GtE Ell«4 Icncme- Biacrrut* fi."C 13000m CUti 
ISL E?J?£5 , ? Cb# Cawcrnian. 1600 L wrnin Rar t^OCOm £3309 
BOW MCBGT.foiio V,'hii0 OWn C6.MS 

MY CKiptfn Prem ttoe. Oii^ gcupn Ah c«?n fjOOm 

OorowftsWsfttaraorai— derto H e t o n UraraMerraBtoMsmt raedsn. 

FAflNHAM (0252) 72-70-7D 

&cc-i ■Utri/ raor.Jwli up 'O 7 Cm Sunday tflamic tmm 





848 Bent l*y Conhneniai ccnnmMr rtss mocl'l Ve'miiipn 

’7a !- ■h n i « p i pea «w C3C»*«.I C.icr. t ClDum C7B 800 

M4 tlmts RcyceContctiaCdmerUMo. :>ecp sc, yn Blue Vtonip*! Cue 
->c*o ChM-«4B*iay»oc v<*<it* Mivir. koor 1 — £68 300 
85B Odl, Bores Surer Somt Gecp. an ^i.ei dqntMben.oc 

Cu*:ctuiwsijreo*n'u?' 4 0 >)(It. £$238$ 

B2» RoasRoyceSdvcfSpintCciiaU'nBeoe BvigaiudcyE-.iKn*' 

-*>WftevT Cm8-n*i-c4-Cutlltne''<lstCprinT,..t.rni(K. ridOSm £37 yes 
uv RokiiRoyceSBveiSpint ■ £>el-'tliK BmeCiije Hioncuui 

,iierf'i'0r^ii TVnreae 1 *- 1t,OOt*m £36.695 

BIX RoOsRoyfieSUvatSpM.L-gniocearraus San Muer^o Hoe 

eno »Ji«- -p» Cumt-'Unl<i>neoi«nai<p SdOtUin £33391 
7BV BoBm RoycaSKrm Shadow II. pauir.M f^taenrte 

Cnr-:iia"t ijri^ii iie^a,w>M>i 16 •:*& m £28393 

BOW ftoKm Boyce I4 * i Snadowr U. Itwnedaatn enw* pse'ti 

B'-Jr -.2e Be o* c.irpet- Wn-ir ^ju rv'e-. Jo OCT m £78 B95 
>9V Rollfi ftoyre Sdrat She dm II 3ii»e» Laith 8eidv Hide 

Lta'jn.ivjiritc 'PHr i.i-rjr,-. ft, 000 rr» • £78398 

77R RmJtR9fCtS*«i-*io«>ilLC'>»r'WVic SmiI.iiM 

8a— ‘‘•■ ac ►•** •n*3*04 LamciuODi oai'iidi 19 ijjljm £20 095 
7T Bolts Boyce Surer Skfidfin tk. «vnir „• i .(jhi peifle nme 

C-«ei.,n*dNo Piale JPX"JC'm CIP.9B5 

_ Eoroutoo e c i ota t camotearamtat latharaioowt ractem 

1 - *FARHHAM (0252) 72-70-70 - 

Oiemofi'r* Von-Sa/uc'c 7 prr Sun I0fimi>6&m 


1964 CHI SC 2 Door Coopt 
3 9. 5 speed masal 
actaie Mac wnh icd 
hclia-’i (eetber an o io i . or 
entering. Icrmcdifip 
cube control, 
nttv^ssa* - £29500 

1 988 (C) SC 2 P oor Cocpe 

thnpm gold wkh 
beje Itoban leather 
tuenor. dr condtoanmn. 
h-LUJCid slip differenuaL 

crime amend. 

radio/ casune — £34950 


(Continental) Ltd. 



BSCBJTVmXJSHEBaekroee ter.ctuiae 7.000mb . . 

85 IC|.XJSV12 Cabriolet. RBC*igg*een ao* sir 


n (C) XstS V12- Roans vsetvooe ar 

05|C) XJS3.& RhOtSuni'ha OBC H WlW - 

BS (Cl XJS 33. Ckbrielet taoorrpenrme. O&C ... 

BS(Cl£JSSACflertatotCoMa'cwcu« OBC 

BSIRSowatOipdHE. SapBUocsVm. ESP . . 

8SfC]So'*ota*9ntffi. Antelc^ftWeskT. ESR.wr . . . 

M(qS«»tot« 3 nHE.Phaw.-ctotekm.ESR ..... 

85 1C) Soraratftn <2. ClnrwJoe3K,n. H WV/ ar 

65 1C) SareeeJyi 43- CocaVOC4r. an . . _ 

84(B) XJSa4CaMoto(.n*9enl'4°e <®C.9Q00mfc .... 
8S|B))U8HE. Riodsimibtoer a* BiWmtj ......... ^ ....... 

94 (Bj XJS HE. Amrtoa*'!***?**'. 3Jf. li COO rtV6 

8B(g)X4Sa3.l>UBnVdOB 5 >at>.HWri M. IZ.tttlOiTfe . ■ 
04(A) XJS HE. Cianoerri'Ooe. at. H IV* 78.000 mb .41.. 

0S(B)So«weiari4jLCtaei.aoe at. 7.0CW to — . 

85te)S t wMBP*4-S«g6'C0B ESP , 

84 (B) Soeerel gn HE. CcOaa 00* H dlrlv crude ttXX&rm 
84 (BIStMtotMon HE. Regent fton. F .1 marram 2d COO W 
84lA)B»*4ral90HE.S*i*rw>nO*uc*a^n, 1S.000i*b . . 
84(B) JasuefX4.CUrenaoa Fleet ESP .. -. ......... 

82 (X) XJ12 HE. BiacVccnmir. £SR allow 32.000 n>!6 

78 (S) Jaguar 4i Brazoatooge toimacuiaie .... _ .. . 

0734 585011 7 DAYS 


50051. >5 8 Cuwr WTuto Cm, Hrtr 5000 mitn 08350 
50954. 83 T CiumMgnr wun Broeil Cloth. 9000 mdnUUHl 
280C M B MHiniMH Hup Cnsim Ten. H3TO rmlm. CIIJSS 
2*054. 84 A Blue with Blue Ctoth. 17 OOO tmln£H3U 
230 TX 83 Y Lrin Blue with Blue tm. ABS £10330 

190C IS 8 NrfUir Blue. Crr> CMn. 8 OOO miln £13.750 

** * 1 









. £20995 

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. £21,995 

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to br lu g Mar. wtth magnolia 
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M4I UiX t9BS B Guards 
red Mara cm mirror. Man. LSD 
•Porte soepefuuoo ESai. PAS. 
2IS9t> urn. alarm, uumkt, 
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i owner, immaculair coodHton 

U 7.290 01-051 8527 

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MMMCHI 924 UiX ital W rev. 
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immar £8.500 01 486 2475. 

PORSCHE 91 1 Lu» 1976 model 
Coord* red «nd. etertnral 
windows sunroof and door 
mirrors. fSM. exert lenl romp 

uon £8.900 Btwnuonr 
481297 IStainrftMM 
1983 rasas 944 lux. mow 

ftwi. be*oe trim, sunroof, wide 
tyres, radio rotor no. nervier his- 
tory. 24.000 ml lev. £13.998 
Tet Sunday 02913 5901 wrak 
dais 0833 Skill fTi 
MI SC 1962 Personal Plato mde» Porsche warran- 
ty. mud ronduton mm raeudr 
Brrber Wlenor Alarm Carrera 
Spoilers £16.58001 3929129 
928S JVNE. 81 kSrlaUtr wine. 
M OOO mla. e. Sunroof, remote 
alarm and central tartans, pri- 
vate plate 11 wanted £15.499. 
coo 061 224 3173 Oanvdpm. 
•235 May 82 47 OOO Ml Ice 
blue, leather ml men fond. 
£16300 Tel P Gaaer 01840 

911 SC SOI Coupr 81 X U Blur 

met SOOOOmK I owner FSH 1 
C 16.950 OI 736 7644 m 

19SZ m Rada Reyee Cradcko 
r . m ei fiH f intoned In willow 
poM wiih dark brown hide 
and hood 6800 nl i 4W, I M 
1978 ID BeOe Brace Wear 
«* '■ * »■ 8 nntahed tn hooey, 
brawn htae 24.300 
mle U 15 M 

Wcj bridge Automobiles 
105 Queens Rd 
Weibndgc Surrey 
0«J2 49225 

blarb. s roof. B.OOOmx Oflera 
mer £3 .990 Ol 262 0926 
colf era campakm a mk urn 
Sender com . -ail wtulr' 
CSoOO 0833 738508 
1986 fiOlF GTI in slock, rmnttno 
erdours. and rstrao. from 
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03 84 2 95791 

QUATTKOarra wtiUe. FSH. tow 
mitoaw sonroof 1 owner. 
£15.495 0205 55278? 


tot I* 4 tm lira ran tot « 
1 tu no torairral imat u utra u 

(town vtudr Srin tan. IM 7 
CHfipni HU. Ullbtoa. Eon CM SK 
HMVOL rito Dffi sam 


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rirm«S!»l» 31 ret .»»r 
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RING 061-330 3222 
BETWEEN 8am &. 5pm j 





Clam. Nurtla tlonr tilde. 
8.500 Rules One owner. 
Hooper colour T.V. cork 
tail reoulsile«. PKntr 
tables X49.995 

BOfTlXY 8 NOV 84 

Redwood. beige Ride. 
8.300 utiles. On* 

owner £43*950 

Clarel magnolia, piped red. 
U.OOOmUes. W W lyres 
Full service 

htslary £49,950 

Willow ROW magnolia 
hide headlining. W 'W 
tyres One lady owner . 
13.00Omlles. £41^50 •• 


Oraan blue tan hide. One 
[ owner Full service hWo- ? 
ry 49.500mlles £29,950 
80. W 

Prwier over moorland. 

Beige hide, piped dark - 

green. Top A kneeroll. 

VV W lyres Front head- 

rests Full service history 
29.OO0mUe* S2A&SO J 



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Jaguar XJ6 
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cnmMnv Dnertorv Car. 
c,r rtient Condition Fu«v 
to>NP mauilatned- Marti 
‘84 Coboll blue 45J300 
mitrs CIO IOO O N O 

Td. 01-242 6S98 
id nee hours). 

A ns. iramarutoto MD ear. 3rd 
tnir m warrants. 1 owner. 
40.000 miles. MI extras includ- 
ed 112 500 ono Trl 0252 
52162244V. 0252 855144 nr. 

Simpson’s Garages (Bexley) Ltd. 
Broadway . Bexleyheath . Kent 
Teh 01-303 1161 



XaOOCSaftiAl Astral min. nudge bar Mlov 

Wheels auto ... £11.995 

Mma S3 Vi OunwMnr. II brawn trainer. 

A C. ABS " £21.996 

WK4 MSi Aural riKer. grey rt oth rear 

seal r r alloys £20.995 ' 

1UUL B5iC, siidmMu blue, blue iealher. 

A C ABS. E*iR £28.995 

BJI ail Vs I Siher MMrH CMswolri.' bnge 
Wlhrr rSH ■ £29 996 

ZHI 84iAi Until ivory, auto, mniegt. 
r m. Cto 996 

MKK 84<bi DunoM blue Mue k-fithre. 
tut! ■aev £29 950, 

380 5EL 

CtuoKMOne Cold S4 OOO 
mik-3 ait ronrf S roof, 
rvniprd condition 

£14,850 no offers 

Tet 7*94140 U 2S (Daye) 
*43-2100 tKses). 

1985 380 SL 

A(Ao. 4.500 miles, mrtal- 
Itr blw blue l rim. rear 
seal, muse control, radio 
stereo alloy wheels, as 


0924 493032 (da>» 
l«W 540452 (eves I 

82 (XV BMW S28I A £E Opal e». 
in*, nutr. soert* sum. Mtovs. 
7T4X lyres, rlr. hMlory . £7.996 
I- 0279-74268 Etc* ft WKend 

•SB CM 32.000 iHtes, full BMW 
.' HtoilMUri record Bra Dec 
82 I Vi Mans sifter Arran : 
seat*, full leather tntnior. ABS I 
air rood, affine roof. Pio n eer 
component sierra Tout sper 
Maqnihcent example £13.950 
Seales lanllires Tel Ol 964 1 
7966 d 01 723 3412. 

BMW' 7351 aula. 1064 a. dart. I 
gre en mnaUir. prtuine comh- I 
bon, ABS. Mm wtieets. 
suivftol full haw £16,698. 
104731 719221 623709 1T1 
32M AUTO. A door. 8 reg. mrt 
blark. lull Wf + 904d inm. 
6.000 nun only. IPuM Be seen. 
Gael £14.000 Sell £10.980 
0533 7WB06 

S2M reoruarv «« Henna red. 
Man 5 B. FSH. SkOObrntleS. 1 
owner £9 960 Tel. 0656 
68446 offlcr hotPS- - 0666 
68145 «n 6 weeken d s. 

IM3 Melalhr blue BMW 3201 
Sunrf alloy wnrets. 34000 Pm- 

: neer hi »• r aew, oie emr. 

£6.000 Tet 0753 2532U Mtor 
■ 7pm 

835 CSI AUTO 1 98i. all ewras + 

A C.. A The hi n tftunarutato. 
HO 495 ono Tet 0730 882 39B 
home or 0188 724899 office. 



hitler hcarn A hnadow It from 
£150 ♦ \ AT per day Ol 449 
1137 to rads 01-449 Kj63 

rOUCIIE 904 Lux. Reg March 
1904. Burgundy brown 
DMKlrip setour. T«»( snot, 
many rxlnis FSH. 1 1 ^OO into 
only. £10.750 01 2B1 0962 

tOi OI 723 4836 iMI * 


928 S UP TO £lft.OOft Cash. On 
i Mr buyer 01^02 1775 


1888 LAMCHESm Sports Sa 
Mon. Genuine 27X100 mb hem 
new Otfoina and Beauuful 
Uigrm bate Rnruued han<e 
£6.350. Windsor 836202 

VW BC4TLE Cabneirte RHD 
1973. T Beg immarulatr condl 
uon. brauttiul rortaUlr Hue 
body weyk Mark need ana 
trim £2 996. Bailey (Mania) 

MORGAN New Drthrrv Auguri 
1*416 Your som lira iron Pn» 
mmm often, milted. 0767 
SlSfi69<nomrL 313109 Kdflrei 


COUP OL Atm 6a , Bt under 
6.000 miles Full M«. EB.asO 
(Sun ft esest 0473-76964 w 
047LS7I9S (offarei. 

bolt CTi or. an %mv 
wair7777P Authorised VW deal 
erhbie user 20 GTl's saJooos A 
(Mintiun as finable Ice 
(rprBtsl del. vene M ph-iiirriwf 
gnre o&Hj b?2iti2. Ottm Sun 
supplied or r, Cn many, tnne 
dtalely a* allubir MfiHir 
suilfkis it* rarli drtlirry. 

Finy-'H C» mJ £447 Ur 

■07SAi huAbbl Iddav 
3OTOCCO GL 1984. £30.000 
mis 1 miner Champagne. 

S loaf. ,(r*eo OKfiiM since 
into. L4.H3C otto Tel 01676 

AUDI VW Large Uoe£> of prr in 
rreaw petrr rm fiiaUabte TM 

tor Mak (Ut£ 686341 ITS 


4 3 Cranberry with dcectan 1 
sea war really Umucitar 
14.000 nu tee Prtre S.13J500 
Tee Ol 6M4 1461 

rrg. < floor, aulo. air ran. Im- 
mar ulate. low milage. I owner. 

stiver oaiy tmenor. CIO.OOO. 
Tet 0623 47901 or 43f27 
XJB 42 18*8 22 OOO mis tffiri 
ween umoar cond. loo uphol- 
Herr s Tool A C ether extra*. 
£11.000. 499 2109 or 382 
9961 oiler tv h 


sther Blark In tenor 40.000 
pules Kn mandate Oweli Sale 
£6 OOO Trt«l -404 2876 
Xtt ne V reg. MriaDir blue with 
■an tiafe. eenHIenl rendlUOn 
Ihroughoui. £9.00 o ono Olltre 
0*69 58711 



JM 9E Blark Y 
Bra Aulo PAS. ABS 9 Hoys 
mit rood. LM windows Irani 
* irar armrest Bnqr leather 
ml CISJSO Rmg outer Hnn 
01-fiBi 1967 <Tl 




1 1 M>3 miles, mr.rtle Hue 
Vj.-I Hi riurie ratilnd. 
Pmewiir radio sirred, 
mi mac ulrie 

0422 71021 Itofl 
MM S39782 {eeeel 

M 1 L 1980 in red lew mien 
oc anrniii Order Manual wild 
power steering 59 OOO mUes 
tm maculate £12.980 Capps 
0823 42061 

240 TV B4 B left. 5 Sawed alloy 
wheels, alarm and wmdow ce 
runiy. MaiW blur, low mUage. 
1 owner. fully ■a-nired 
£10.750 otto Ol 941 1330 

MB l tl l M 3BB SEC 1083 One 
owner 192)00 miles. r4n Let* 
at i-slras C2J 995 P.X pan 
W 0703- 76763 or 35310 1 T 1 

MERCtOCI ISO ILTiN. silver. 
Aft.OOO miles Goad ronduton. 
mini mcllfis £1 1 260 Tel. 
04S433 361 

3*0 SC 1881 t S R Metro 
rad ram Ha wnd. UK' bupp . 
FSH immar C9.3SO ono 01 • 
864 5988 utf 09276 303? 

MERCEKS 230 E 19B£. V reg. 
Champagne' Henner Irun. aulo 
PAS rlerUK windows and wn. 
root, cruise runiro) alloy 
wnret*. amine rondilioh. onb 

OXXiO mta £>2 TOO Tel: Mr Ar- 
' rher Dllw Rnmrerd 40878 
Horae Hornrtiurrn 70762 
ZSK MERCEDES May 83 law- 

Ifidor MlK- 6 weed. 43.000 
imln 6 new I) m I3» 4 VM. 
Radio ran Maintain hv mem 
anenl Cvreiiyrd rood £7.230 
Ono. TH 06i2 862263 
NTW 230E-2GK ritolee Aiau 
a We tinmcdiaietv Lk’ use or las 
lien lor rhoorl t\ lariorv or 
llirrv mull toeminli 
kimruai Ol U43 244 2 or 

iOJSJi H546HI today 
Graph ||c metallic. magnolia 
lude. AMC tonpeiMlon. Rial 
wtirrto 6 P7> aauHutety slun 
itlhp. E 32.000 Finance 

aim lab Ir orsa 780884 m 

MMGBB 2S0 SC IWU A rra. 
15.800 mites. Lapn Mur del 
Kir rapt, strren. unmaruUie 
eontbimn. I pmfitr owner. 
L1S.9S0 0726 X8DC 

MERCEDES 1984 280 CE Met* . 

lie Mlier blart, iniertor. aulo.' 
PAS sun rant, radio ravrilr. 
24 065 imln. £14.230 Ol 684, 
6202 088340566 ITI 

so® sc IWJ A reg- met totoer. ’ 

ABS. air con CSR. Unto, blue 
trainer, lull headrml*. i--mar . 
row. CIS. SOO ono 890 u222 
other 0480 B61S73 anytime. - 
NEW 86 280 SC Petrol cream . 
lex LK w or export. Mfissne- 
saunas Kinonvay Ol 843. ; 
244? or (COSJi USJtfl toaay . 
NEW Merrede-. 200 aulo. wnile. 
i r * wl«i. Irit price EIE.48& 1 
eur wire £14 760 Work Ol 
520 659ft Horne 502 3990 
380 SC Sett 05. 6.000 mis. 
Smoke ■filler. ABS brain, . 
A C immar rand E?a 500 
Tel P Court 01 840 3636 . . , 
230 E jum. 82 V. 47 OOO miles 
fSK. 1 owner . immufTiuie car 
£6250 ono 10562* 882014 
ZM SE 1980 MM green, sports., 
wherts. r&H. Cscelieni rondi- 
linn L665C1 02*5 4128T71 /TV 1 
350 SLC 1973 Aulo LMPil uur i 
metallic i Hour t xrrtlcnt ron ’ 
dilion £1x250 01 890 4145 ■ 


Orean Blue wilh oork Mur 

lealhri aim .aambswool- 

n*n Perterl Ihcnuphoul 
60000 miles. RP dealer 
yn iced 


LxrnaiM^ rrmfadrrni. 



ALV1& ETALWAKT gounywnete 
Ambninuun toad rarryinn i-hl,. ■ ■ 
rim mini with ■ hym-Atihc >* 
et.ine A i ttv tow murage Roil) . 

Povrfi A rvlinder engine Drill 
rn anyuhete Price Iran/ 

£30 WOO. \ ri> Heathrow «■ , 

port Tel 0895 443344 Tele* . 
■>66(81 toesco C «Ti . 7 . 

SHADOW Willow gold brown- ; 
roof ft mienor. gold m fiscal 
wlule W alls 68 COO miles. ialu-, 
able priule plain Superb , 
£12 GOO Tet home 076646303 
Of I Ire 061 653 3286. 

1880 SUirr torjjUi Brownie* , . 
Urren 44.000 miles. I Owner 1 ' 

£19 995 Trt ChriS. . 

Greeidiiilgh Cannort AtUomo- 
bilri Lid 0543S 4344 idayi' * ’ 
07-. 361 3046 i**l *' . . 

IMS SHADOW Mariano Si her 
A,I«I i nwn smee 1980. cm ‘ r . 
ered P8.COO mK Only. F5 m. . .. 
pmliur rond i.Hlar 01 387 
S*>I7 iMWne Cl 5d6 03to2 iT* . '* 
5MADOW 11 78 prarort* Mure 
tyf OC J < hilfc". 7SH Ta» . Mol V 
tl1*-9s 02 3 JiU? 

1690 W SHADOW II Hr walnut • 

49 oc® tuiir*. r**i ci<>4eo , ” 
Cone. 062* 42661 


thing sup pur it Phone with 
dMa*. lor ,i rontprlHiir guolt 
021427 3233 

Overseas Travel 



W.\ni> a t* IN MJ-MO- 
Sliv £4 a line + IS*. V*T. 
(minimum .> 

Annuunii-mi.-flty. julivnii- 
~-»td h> Mm namr and 
(mrunenl addn-v. i»l' Jhc 
sender. ma\ In s*ni in: 

Wl BO\ -*< 

\ ircinij Sirnl 
Umdreo ( I 

,lr k-lcf'ti.invij ihv Ick'phnfK.* 

Mihs.'nN.-rs enJil lu: (11-481 

Ann.mrKiTh'ni'. can (v re- 
iVnid Kv l.'tiihiinc K'lwim 
“."bin jml MomJjv 

to Fftdjv. nn Saiucitov V- 
Mcn, MuOam and IJIfutm. 
|48l 4000 Oahu Fur puNi- 
aiion rtv fulknving Ja>. 
rhuni." h» I bwm. 
Ri \CKS. \\ FDDI.NG.N. cic 
on ( Viun and NvijJ pare. tb 
a line * If*o \ 4T. 

I'xun and Social Page an- 
mtunirmi-nh can nui he 
awes'll J hs Vlvchonc En- 
uunv> uk iii-tti -3 too. 

M-nl other daHtlicil ad»er- 

lyrmcKii i'jn hr javpred tn 
.■k-rhi'nc. The deadline is 
■'■"W r djv* prior iu puNi- 
cjIiio lie. ^isipin Mundji 
liif 'IiiIunIj; i. Shoukl vou 
'»i*h iv send an adicrt'iir- 

mv«u m writing ptuavc 
include »uur djilime phone 

HEP VRT'IENT. l( vr.u 
ban - any 4111-011" or pevNem* 
rcljlinK I" vow advertise- 
muni im.v ti has appeared | 1 
pK'Jv Ciinijii our ( miortu-r 1 1 
Vr*w Lvpartmeni h» icte- I 
phnne on 01-1*1 .sauo. I 

Tn> rtumi'-ounrav euu <*> a* 

!«*■<“ tore. I hr glory ol in* LORD 1 

shall no I hi rrrrt>ard 
haun Su * 


BALL On 1 0th February i9w6. 
10 Dcirdre inw West Wataanl 
and Frank, a *on. Henry 
John Jamieson. 

aty lath :98b. at Si Georg*'*. 
Tool mu. 10 Bridget inee 
ETlIforci and Sherard. a 
dauoihrer. Minna Launo. a 
snler (or Hairy and Rupert. 

EDWARDS . on I9in 

HARVEV - On ia»j» February 
l°86 suddenly and 
peacefully in Reading 
Margaret Winifred. wife « 
Bryan and mother of La. 
Funeral on Tuesday ?Sui 
February at St Barnabas 
Church. Emmer Green. 
Rodina at 10 aeara. 
followed Dy ernnadon. 
Rowers lo Cyril H. 
Lcnogrove of Tnniiy House. 

1 1<1 116 Oxford Road. 
Reading Tel 0734 £20 to or 
donations 10 ArihnUa & 
Rheumatism CouncH for j 
Research 8 Clunnj crow 
Road. London WtSH OHM 


February peacefully m hostx 
tai. and in hr> SOin year. Li. 
Col. Rohm Francis 
Hayward Browne. Worrev 
leruure Regiment. Loved 
husband of Jocelyn and 
father of Susan Cremation 
private. No flowers oy 
requesi. but if wished, dona 
lions to Worcestershire 
HegimmijJ Association. 
Maxwell House. Samome 
Strew. Wormier. WR1 I LH 

HOPCRAST On 19m February 
198o. passed peaceful [y 
away in Beach House Nury 
ing Home. Reading. Gladys 
v loioi Man Hopcra&i. aged 
*17 years, formerley of 
Pangbourne. Berkshire. Fu- 
| neral sen ire io take glare 
I Thursday 27m February in 

) Si James The Less Churrh. 

Panobourne al 2pm. foi- 
lowed by cammiiiai at 
Reading Crematonum Fam- 
ily flowers only Mease 
Oonaiions. if desired, for the 
NSPCC may be sent lo Cynl 
H Lovegrove. na 1 16 Ox- 
ford Road. Reading. 

LOCK On February fne ism. 
Oorolhea Constance, aged 
S4. widow ol Heaihroie Lock 
Of BO Cuiford Mansions. 
SW3 Sen ire a i Monuke 
Crenialorium. SVvia. at 
12 CO noon. Friday. Febru 
ary J?;s( 

MANSFIELD Anthony Leyotr * 
on I Sth F ebruary . peacefully 
al Faruiwm. belayed bus — 
Hand ol Anne and father of . 
Man Jane. Fehcity and 
James Requiem Mass al 
1 1 00am on Saturday 22nd 
February al St Joan's 
Churrh. T ilford Road. 

Far imam. No Flow ers please. I n 
but donations, n desired lo I , 
Cancer Research I , 

Callnry owner wtshre u pw 
rtwne large pieeex of famine 
mw*-ro -Kvpfure ■ smgie tUTm 
or ine renieM io unmed mi. 
U**n. Pk-aie sens photos so 
Derrs crrwtlw. Syn Lodge. 

London Road. bue worth. 

Middx TWT NH. 

FAMILY MM S eiwbtmi m j im 
to pay an undhrlnea amount 
ui rail l«rj J J bed. 2 rrep 
nat ikiuw oreferaaty in noed of 
Owot.Uio<* Ceniral London Re 
ply io BOV CCU Replies imued 

BALBWin MfTNXIES reaulre 
rou top a pedestal a*-*V. book 
rain. uoies (Kun. leg 
wardroom rhesfa. pMiurm Me 
01-385 01 48 or 01 228 2716 
■ATKCUTN im 6 - i or 2 seats 
muonl lor Isi Ring cyttr rgm- 
pine or Ports and or 
Mmlminw RedhUI Ml 75 or 
01 725 7403 

wanlrfl by urn ale iwe-. oi 
«57 Q5QH E'emngs 

B LOW Sr- Trix Hornby 

Meccano 0276 22 727. 


iifei-aiiuiiAd 1 


M**!* PtmUco. Wresmm. 
ser Luxury iman mm flats 
asaiWMe lor long or MnH lets 
Please rlno lor rtormi Ibl 
« Buckingham nature 
Road SWl QI.B20 U261. 

*««n7« PAIMLY Home 

~brtn London Ckw PietadlHy 
!****'. ^ fr* 1 *. 2 rerrpuonc. tufa 
M-dfrel. larue fully roumortl 
kik-nen. ail mod cons (ary* sc- 
7wa«,. garaar £200 
Rw. Tot O1-445 jyw 


in. newly decorated DaL 
Lounge, one bed. gam m suite 
n. . . °T " <H * C °™« n > W 

Orrtsrrod AieUadtr now. Ol 

Soft 479T, 


Wonowide low com rugha 
Tfwomt ana we can pew. 
170 000 cBmB liner 1970 
ABOUND the world 

FROM £766 






o/w ifn 
£392 £641 
<380 £582 
tsM £770 
<198 £363 
£225 £483 

“JAMVFLORIDA <1f9 £292 
HONG KONG £237 £474 
OELM/SOMBAY £250 <390 

COLOMBO -.£241 £420 

CA»0 £160 £270 

NAIROBI £231 £381 

JffBURfi Q66 £473 
LIMA 053 £4M 

LOS ANGELES £187 £325 
NEW YORK £120 040 
GENEVA £ 75 £ 89 
np^ n« t h KJ 

ClM U fS A fitffa Ot-OT 6400 

Ups tad raga* oho isis 

INAMaeaa On P1-B33 3444 

OAT*. STABUOMT PHrq M A * t * ,,fc AP WUA 6E. Urey 
Wr hair Ixrkrtk tor mete !^T7' - g U APwwed Mewx 

uieJIr* and wti Tm mi r^j 1 * 1 * c f“ 3 * 0515 P-w. FuU 

JTI9. bJT ins « nSr CH. AiawaiUr M Irani Mann. 
er«M rarm ** m “* or Ol-MB 

WTWOOrmxItaw,^ 0834 or ol 764 afaa. 

IW6 Other taunt avail Ham 
boimd ready lor presentation - 
jdv> -Sundays-. £:?60 met. 

Remember Urhen Ol «8S 6325 
OLO row pa rasa stomes. ah 
rectangular. BeauiHu comb. 

o«y now. T<N: 

real HA-fnon rvmu - w r-^u. 
rw~nxj or silver coloured 
“"F * »OP PAp Ml 

<h«H Hirsti. 01 630 6101 CC. 
MAIfUiaos Any event UK 
CatkGoienlGan SiailtflCtt [>o 
Ol 828 1678 Major credit 



Massive storks of woof 
Wended Berbers from 
£3 95 a- vat. Plus many 
bargains m room sizes. In 
ail qualities. 


BARGAINS. Atasrve Iwk 

(race e» 2 whs trosn £109 
Tmrrur lwt> Irtan £lSd 
_ . irom £224 Departure* 

1 1 21.23 A SB Feb. Abo Depar- 

mmitm — a i m t y . £>-11 «***« March. Apni a. 

ezeu WWmn nmne v»le nas 1 1 ttaroucuvaut me year inclua- 
tai superb order throughout. 3 1 1 ,no Apartment* or Hotel A 
brat. 2 rerrps. »v- tam*. Ideal 1 1 Flight* from Gatwick A Min 
Cn in Highly terommended II rtteUrr i*ubi i a sup* a 
A lleN pro a Co Ol 361 2383. 1 1 avafrabuityi. Iresiam booxiam 
- 1 1 * brochure only direct from 

1 1 TH London 01 2SO 1366 Tel 
ST town WOOD. Luxury fur- 1 1 
nwh-o house. a » dote beortm. 1 1 T 100 

2 3 recrouortv 3 baUirma. fully 1 1 ATOL JOJJ 

eoiHoped kitchen, oarage, paoo ■ * 

£580 per week. Or urdur 
rushed. OI«74 8704 

single mum 
JO-buro HOT £300 £406 

Natrotn £230 »« 

Cairo £130 £200 

U>«» £235 £335 

on Bom £23o csdo 

Bangkok £195 C3JO 

Dcxiala £420 

Afro .Asian Travel 

162 168 Reoent SI W I 

TELi PI -477 X355-6 7-S 

Tlxy rotg ole t. wed 
Pun Cnrt S* si 
1 s«Micdm itoo 
1 Sewd BsKtass pskn. 
*o»»o Mb an me 

R«kk MMbat. dbg 

Si-w-d'avriw. j^p 
A""' "...1y Vtli 


Parr. Ee-g Cairo (Sir 

Milan tun J rung C345 

Ainrpv U09 HkivM C4A5 

On Cur 170 L.\ Nf L345 
F.wp Cd“ N >orkt?75 
\hthijCI2o SvilkVICOhd 
tVlhi CM3 T* At ft LI 69 


0l>437 0527 734 3503 



N Vom Clod J-burg £465 
LOS Aog C329 Naarota tyw 
Sydney- C639 Banmiol £339 
Aurk CISC Toronto £238 

TU5CANV. By Medieval lown of 
Barga in me Beautiful 

Carfugnana VaHey Facm- 

Womes. hum. apart* 3 rountry 


hire business Glasgow, Good ex- 
isting trade with excellent 

Reply to BOX COZ 


and office, expense to 
manufacturin g ana mar- 
keting. Joint imturov 

to BOX M2, Tht 




T»se prestige u roe uskii i 


Oprrate non home. Part or run- tame no ~ nrsmit n-n mi 
trmn go, exonvenc. Wkn, OKnts «?!» 

FB££ BROCHURE. No dHgHim no risk. 

Wade World Trade CtoMottend. Oeot LW». Freepost. 9mp 
acm. wiAsnsre. SNi ibb-no CTiSSr 


Impnrum boamsJl FfkX* ntanuFjciunsr *:ifc rrprv- 
SCtttaU-.ys and 20 dkirihutioc ccnum m ■Ss’iin iad 
rebndv. and rvpfcscnu:r. cs in Aftiu. ^11. -\mcnca 
apd EEl ' cuuniriiT. alectirw Sr» an ciclin-vc nrprirv-'n- 
laii%c for England. 

Al Uv umc 1 1 ITU' «r ml! ri'prc^rrt your Froduiif. in 

Wriie io SLOCiAN Sa 91 8LJCTDAD. 

A 'da DtoporaJ 4sj bis 


**HTU*r«l by company wjyi have taunN arvi dr* Hoped j 
nmw nmillif bwinw and omotiA orwmrc top require 
hWnts and dWnbufon who jfready have ordatii-ihrc ouncu. 
in major department store*, da nonary, rtpctins arctn-wv.. 
Business and Nvpnmiq nurtoB and g.-M!a export nvirtHy 1 
Our product nas the pougmal lo proytCt high eurnnua U> 1 
“W WtJfl eyia&iiyhed OUU/Cs 

r« further deMdh Messe iomard la canfioencr a hrtef re. 
«nto> of career lo dale. Rettj- to; BOX C39. News 
WtofRaUortai. . L Vupuua St London £1 


Zlrsrs ire cwri'^s wy 
?r.»!g..woa« uu 
«7.-55 war rnijs. sttf* 

Ta-vi. IsimUlt* 

j N^-SSefS. 35JTKS. -J/or’ 
ie^-i Lt£i-JCi«8 a:»ss 

0423 B85S95 


Tel: 0N73 J 33^8/9 

Free cvlirtuie . expert nttutg. 

February 1966 al Sl 
T homas? Hos»tai. London, 
lo Sleyie imre Muiri and 
John, a daughier. 

ESSEX - On 10th February lo 
\ K'loru mec Ttiomnsont ana 
Skip, a son toituam David. 

1 9 if, O'LOGHLEN - On Feoruary 

17th. Ciizabeui Mary aqed 
8Ci. Requiem Mass at Our 
Lady of Victories Church, 
hi-nsipqlon. to ednrr-day 
Feoruory 56ih al lOOOam 
followed by pm ale 
rremaUon Family flowers , 

HEDOCN On 20lh February Dem ^ 

1966. al Harold W ood H^m- P p“ L 1986 

lai. lo Lean ne mee toaikeri J r ' ?^!* behived by all 
aim James, twins Josecti wLi funeral on 

James and to'iiiiam Jolui ,^ Drujry 26tl» 

May Cod Bless Them. * ^oSSn* ®“5&JS“Sf 

•DU. . On 1 7(h February 1986 mo urn if 9 please 

al Queen CtiarKxte's Hospital ^ICCMTTO On February 7 If] 

' ™T TUBES >1814 1985) C*ve 
wren, an ocimm osoc dal- 
eu Ihevery aa\ iney were born 
£12 50 nr 2 for £22.00. plus 
tree 1 SCO's Time* A oreetings 
Card Tel Ol 466 6708 or 
0492 33145 

FINEST diksnry wool carpet* Al 
trade prices and under, alto 
avatUBIe UXTs extra. Large 
room sue remnants under half 
normal pore Chancery Carons 
Ol 405 0453 

TICKET* for any event. Cat*. 
Siamgni Sj press 42nd 8) An 
Ihealre and sport*. 821 6616. 
lis t t ICi 

FWOCE5 FR EEZER* , cooker*. 

eh Can you ouy cheaper? a 4 
6 UC Ol 236 1947 8468 
PLANO Small Mahogany upnstil 
IN ru» rend Timed CJOA Can 

arrange dernery 01453 0144 


Nairebs. Jo Burg. Cairo Du- 
bai. Istanbul. Singapore. K L 
D«n. Bangkok Hong Kong. 
Sydney. Lunw 6 The 

Amenras. ruramgo TravN. 
3 New Oueber SI. Marble 
Arr/i London W IH TDD 

01-402 92 1 7/1 8/ 1 9 

Open Saturday lo 00.13.00 

£wwr New 86 Program m e 
Hole! lounntt. camping, treking 
A horse va/an* L’mque land ol 
yotomoek glaciers A sealer- 
tonvTwKkerxworu brochure 
Ol 892 7606 |B92 7851 J 
TAKE TMC OFF in Pares Am 
Slerdam. Bnoset*. Bruges. 
2 nwli - Berne. Lausanne. The 
«9um. Bou 
tonne A Oksm Tune OH 2a. 
Chesliv Close. London StolX 
7BQ 01 236 8070 

io Du on i nee toeaiherwn> 
and Julian, a daughter 
Charioiie Isabel Dunlop. 

JAMES - On February ISth In 
Alderehoi lo Morag mee 
eundc\rn< and Pewrr a 
daugnier Tlirabefn Cord 
Cross ley , 

KEYS - On February I9lh id 
Hrten and Richard. a 
daughter Emily Sarah al 
Cuckuvid Hospital. 

MAMW1CK . on I 3 |h 
February Stephen 

and Julia mre Carroll., a son 
James Stephen 

MYINE - On February 1 9il» al 
The Humana Hospital 
London, lo Dawn and 
Nif holds. a beautiful 
daughter. Miranda Layla 
ftasaiynn. a Sisler lor AO. 

•* EWTO * - On 16lh February 
1986 io Karen .nee Hicksi 
and Anlhcny. a son Michael 
Hubert. Win, thanks and all 
besi wohes lo me manelous 
Mall al L’.C.H. and much 
lo ' p j <6 M (chart's 


1 1986 Canon Picnotto of 
Rickman&wonh. husband oi 

SIMQM APWf. on Thursday 
TOin February 1986 al 
home. Tim. helmed husband 
of Barbara and lot ing raiher. 
lamer ,n law and grandfa 
Hwr. The funeral win ne held 



A 18in Cenlury rrgPca funu- 
lure including the Brough ion 
Manor rgiteruon Irom our own 
torsi Counitv workshop aj-. 
Ihur Rrm. Tillman. Tnctmiarsn 
and Goodwin Home approval 
trrvicr Interior design C2 mil. 
lien slorio lor immrdufe 
delivers Neiilmed. near Hen- 
ley on Thames <04551 810952 

pmaiifv. and a memorial Mw SMZWWRO imrned cm 
service win be announced ,w * *9«x Tiger in me sun' 
laier Donation*, in lieu of ii'lwo^faiiv',. 2ir , «a?" - 

flow rr v may hr o-nt In mi BoB,y to “O-^ B42. 

service win be announced 
I later Donation*, in lieu of 
I flower*, mjy be sent lo me 
MacMillan Lnu al Si John 
and Si Elirabeth hospital 
Grew e End Rd. London Nto0 
SULUVAN Sqdn Ldr Austin 
AFC. RAF ireliredi on Feb 
I9lh peacefully in hottrtial 
Hmoand io Kay . father io 
Michele. Aidan and Martin. 
V* HU him ho lakes me love 
and respeci of hi* family and 
many mends Requiem Mass 
al SI Helen's, tocsicbfr. 
LOOOam cn the 2Ath Febru- 
arv. foil owed by burial 
service al Ihe Sunon Road 
Cornel pry. to'estrlifT. 
TMORBURN Al kinwwood. 
Pocoi«>*. Scotland on Tuts- 
dav i8ih February 1986. 


Unsure Alexander Scoil Thorbum 

Jinr P UreU ' February 1986 ai Tnniiy 

and Patrick, a daughter. 

PETERSEN On February 10th 
in Enfield to Dianne and 
John, a daughter. Jessica 

WTC1. . On February I3lh at 
to orrmer to Helen and 
Nigel, a daughter Laura. 

PRICE - On i6lh February in 
Mountain l iew. California, 
lo Lu i nee to«*n and Simon! 
a son Dai id Anthony Lloyd. 

R0S4 RUSSELL On February 
6lh. in Maria and Rob ai SI 

Hospice. Clap ham Common. 
Anthony Shaun aged da. 
verv dear husband of Sylvie, 
father ol diver, much loved 
son of Barbara and broiher 
ot Gillian. Funeral Service al 
Si. Peter'* Church. Black , 
Lion Lane. London toe on 1 
Monday 24 1 h February at 
I 1 5pm. followed by 
rremaimn ai MorUake 
Cremalortum. No flowers 
please, but donation*, a 
wished, lo Tnniiy Hospice, 
c o Lucketts. 59 Oenlhome 
Road. London W6. 

PM-T-k Hospital. Chensey. a WINK - On February 1611, 
An, y Loutae. a sis- 1986. ai home in Oxford. Dr 
for Hannah. Charles Anthony Slew an. 

STEPHENS - On 16 2 86 m BM . BUH Husband of Osst 

Ooifrey and France* inee ^ yfiSfT Jamei 

Rendelli a daughter Owrlollr S? 'iJ? v SL A 

Dorothy jean SHI 31 has taken , 

WRAY I4ih February io | 

Lynetle and Smart Uo'burgi 
a daughter Jessica. 

London-* waomg spreads! In 
n ew an a rrslcirrtf puno* Mr Ihe 
orarsi genuine selection avau 
»w- 30a Hlgnoale Rd. NWS 
O, 26T 7671 Free calalogiie. 

toPhlkUl Model IO S' 5“ 

mahoganv grand piano. I9BO. 
bvwerb remUlxm Offers In me 
rtjjon Of Lo.500 Tel 061 336 
5Ta > «w 061 368 3412 eve. 

and reconditioned Ouataiv a 
JTfton-ble pne ex 326 Bnghleo 
s t ”> Ww Ol -6883513 

HIUMIIU rose wood over 
to^’ toLUP regbi Muvirearv'* Pi- 
*» E800. 01-879 10«a 

•totauay* of dtsunetton for me 
vers few Tek Ol 491 080CL 73 
St. James'* Sueec. Swi. 

S8tA« FRENCH m a friendly 
French lamly Good fowl, in- 
spected Homes Famines and 
Bngk-* an ages Atao Study and 
Homeparty Centres. Seaside 
Teenage Croup* Icr.CnFi 
nwMe Agency. Owen, law 
Arunoei 10903, 853552 



To Airfina from £89 H.'B 
Gaiwtck Munich 
fusri only £75 
Galwifk. Turin £86 
Birmingham Munich £55 
Manmesier Munich £89 

Tel: 021 704 5222 



an mablisned ok agency operating Irom Turkey has an 
owner who wishes to disoos* of Ms stoppered oyster 435. 
commissioned 19B3. one of a smaD fleet of uuabty yachts. 
Excellent net ref urn in 198&. substantial improvement an- 
Aq “ anus cruwpg. Prnmaendovey. 
Prtmal. Machynfieui. Powy*. SY20 9LO 

Telephone 0654 75 246. 


h* CRALUHCCX UI DUAL Mmanw . y . - 

tZ ** B 

* t gsr wre B |>9 » Asm in aserta) 

rMjn mfQDi 

. w «» tasttBtor C fares 

tonrtp jJwamerr rtOKed 
fere eye at reb umi n A ouaenw 

c*. L M. thx Arret fcsrene. 

w Frid,ri<k «» U NS (0211 220 nn 


for (he acquisition of private companies. Will 
consider Joint ventures with established compa- 
nies currently under rinanced. Retirement sales 
and management buy-outs especially welcomed 

oT- *J^^ are puchaser s arranged. Telephone 0! 
935 5795 or 486 6139. 



for first quality soft 
furnishings, com- 
plete mstaHation 
home and abroad. 
Reply to BOX C04. 


mu* otm Bucsmrn mud 

! MW Ul il d POU-alUi. Ml 

• ctuuvr *»i rrauur irc«- ri i 
1 orwr, Iik /1 iwtni nurgnw t 
. KVl'ir i^af, flaw numnui 
’ "Tvcnwadv. m viocx imurr- 

, |WI>(1 tw cJTJly run irfai home 

1 aacrw mtio •* nroencn*t uret.u 

l ft IIWSST 16 V OU - .B» full r 
1 so ti-i-. « opp « tu Nrj r** 
irreriM* F«r miou dcirev 
l tawl a ■> r 4 • SAL lu Tly Moj 
k-iosg Dafrerinr Srtvsiifi 
) None. Nigh SE-wx 
; Brdloro MwJi hob 


from £99.5=1 meuatve 

flame Dav Coonuny Sorxlcrs Lid 

Bruhir y. ui Queen tirtefta SL loAdort. tfa 

TEL: 01-248 5616 

Also Company Smnv* 

ta-rtands Dtauurii a ruooMi I 
cdunlrv stale. Higtitand Mfirr. I FLy FROM MANCHESTER 
Twirkcrsworld summer tare I * GATtoncK 

«*urc Ol 892 7606 ,24 rir 01 I FOB OLTV TREE SKIING 
8°2 785H I FROM OMV £69 

TWKtorr. Small p-ruiom { w I IN THE AMAZING 


Ol 741 4686 061 236 0019 

* * * 

Cai<r*u Chaus Partin 


F«b 22 £199 
Mar 1st £219 

lnrtusrv ftagnts I nod A run 
Mfa «-*7D 0999 M In 
ATOL 1820 



flWKPlEY £99 


emNap«LnY of akoobxa. 

Ol 741 4686 061 236 00,9 



For Top events. Ail the 
usual advertising bene- 
fits including TV. For 
further details please 
wnie to: 

D. Pell. Elm Farm. 
Meer End Road. 

Warwks CVS 1PW 


For anyone lo start In 
business without 

SAE Lyon Marketing. 
205. Albyn Complex. 
Bounon Rd. Sheffield 



"uwnal Part,. 
itonsTter rea !m patman 
whim, tm* amenta 6 ue 
bouse. au3w(d>ngs ur ouc 
gw* Pmnrhc ms. 

£1NU00 bteBoML 
Torquy Business AgeflCf LH 
(0803) 35311 anytime 

Jwvwu surern isme 

FreruwstaookwMrr wnm, | Q 
r*rT A »Nrtn home 

* rt*»g«. Bom 
rmL * taranw 
85w CP New 15 vr lease Pnc* 
tort idling slack C49.000 orto. 
*n»r IO BOX B23. 


No subsen pi jon. London's lowed rales. 

01-242 2320 


Arsons w onpany nested in sfa*mg a fine 5 enod 
building wnh office views locatec in cedferd Gardens 
K ensm gron Cht/ch Si. Can offer 3 fo 4 rooms aaproxi- 
nwteiy 12x12 each. F\,Sy serviced. £100 o a, ce; 
room approx. 

01221 5244 


No Premium 

Prcsugc (urn. carpeted 
showroom olhre* all irsclu 
«vr to-uh phone + T X. 
tmnwd avail. Short long 
*•1™- Parking facilities . 

Frore £75 p» 
01-839 4808 


Premium. 96 hr ac 
rt-w PrcMiqr fum 
ratpcfcc pine's wim 
Phone plus ux irom C“0 
pto- an inrt Short lor*) 
l«m. Parking ■arilibn* 

UI-S34 4S0S 



*D4««S - On 9fh February 
1986. loan agert 87 years. 
iormrrtv of 7 Vincent House. 
Rwncy Streel. LomSon 
Sto 1 Dntulmn Frtdav 28th 
February lO GOom al Putney 
Vato Cremalonum SV, 15. 
Enuuirn- io FaicOrorner 
Funeral Servire, Tel; Ol &4* 

ALLER - On February I8ih 
peacefully in a nursing 
home, to inured iBurniy, or 
Mourn Noddy. Danchlll. 
Sireex. Dearly loved starter of 
Marwrw and Dorothy. 
Funeral service al The 
Surrey 4 Sussex 
Cremaiorlunv Worm on 
Tuesday February 2Slh al 
a 30pm. Family flowers 

BOLT06I - Ed I in Phyllis 
Dearly beloved mother of 
Paul. Angela. David and 
Malcolm. Peacefully al home 
on l&m February, in her 
85lh year, alter a snort 
■line**. B I p Funeral 271h 
February Cnginne* lo 
Seaward A Son*. Tel: 01 -886 

DAWSON Peacefully on 
February I8lh. HeWm Mary. 
Fjdrxl daughter of Ihe Lale 
Reverend and Mrs Ambrose 
Pudscy Dawson in her 99in 
JCilr, dearly loved aunl. 
Tuner aS at Wtnlerton Parish 
CTuirm. on Monday’ 24]h 
February at Lt.30anv. 

FRIDAY On 18th February 86. 
peacefully m hospital. Vivian 
Frederick, beloved husband. 
f-Hhcr arid grandpa. Funeral 
MTV ire takes nUce at Si 
Mary Bredm Church. 
Carnerburv. on Wednesday 
February Sem al 2.30pm. 
followed by private errma 
IKm. Family flowers only. 
Donations, tf desired, to The 
Linear Acceteraior Appeal 
Fund. Wesiminslcr HostHlal. 
Dean Ryle SI. London Sto j 

FRIPP Stephen Inws. peace 
fully on I7ih February, al 
Oueen Mary's Rocttamplon. 
F unrrai service at Putney 
Vale Cemetery on Friday 
28ih February at 2 ISpm. 

®ARRY - On 18th February 
peacefully m hospiUil. 
(on rited by the riles of Holy 
Church Kevin, aged 49. 
brtoved husband of Mary- 
Anne and mwi loving father 
Ct Helen. DoRMnigue and 
Lucie Requiem Mas* at 
Farm Sir cel Churrh. W, on 
Mondre sath FeOruarv at 
IO dflam loflowcd by pniale 
lunerai al Wewnham All 

Sami*. Norfolk No flower* 

pleanc. but donations to the 
Inlernaiional SHNl 

Research Trusl. Nicholas 
House. R,\er Fionl. Enlirtd. 
Middlesex R.l-P 


MARTIN - A memorial service 
of thanksgiving lor ihe life ol 
Ihe lale Mrs Katherine Mary 
Marutt will be held al Ihe 
Church of SI. John The 
Bapltart. Billesdan at 12 , 
o clock on Saturday March 
1*1 1986. 

rtjiryrtoone Oo« iranreort 
° w - T el: Ol-727ii369. 
KENSINGTON Luxury ] bed rial 
Lower ground floor win, cwuo 
9»m**n. Soviare with muiu 
court* C! BO ow oe* Tel- Ol 

7^1 9000. 

5Y- JOHN'S WOOD Luousry fur- 
ndfad I bed flat opyosHe 
"•fab B»fL in very popular 
Mock; porterage 3 rnuunrt. 
£165 pw uw tleaUna 452-6890 
*"5».'£C V . "fartoup 2nd nr nai 

wdb Ml 6 porter. 2 recs. 2 dbtr 

bedv 2 taaihe. fa- HI. ch. chw. a 
lo 12 mmb*. Co tar £325 pw. 
WMiam VuMl Ol 730 3636. 
•37 MAIL *17 s«M . The 

seeking best rental aroper tl e* m 
cmlrai and etne London areu 
£160 pw C7POO pw 

VHcamv nqmoL nm 

ciato properties lor long Conor 
ny tots in Central London. 

S,urv% 4 800 ° l 


JAtoAICl^ HARHADOfl gt Lncva. 
house, with private pool* 
and full slab m ibe Palmer red 
Jfak** Mur book. >01, a«3 

J® 4 *; frday Ga«*r 
*» to-eeks a. Week- 
end*. Panorama Tour: 2. i 
Centtrs varoon Travel. 01 283 
6625 AHTA IATA. 


*** °v*- 

wxv. hole**, a g a r Wan s, air 
faepec coacn and letf drive. 
Booking botttne win, Access A 
V oa. Ski WesL 0375 86481 1. 

WALET MRVKS la pertert 
snow For our February .- 
M*rrn vacancies in lop resorts 
to France, flwfaerland or Italy. 
V™4 offer Madeumo: £GO fa 
J2 weefa, C26 „ weeXV 

&m 41heortd Tel rQ342i 
f26hr prornure*i or 2T272. 


rtvNeto in Mmbe, A CourcneveT 
h £166. t, ». iwk. ■ nr travel 

Oral load, iputa wmeAessen. 

she gutabno Ol 733 2533 (T3T- 
3861 ansaphonei ATOL 2091 

or renw^wnng apta. Cwk or 
fly Irom £79 Phone now for 
Dertcee* Travel 

O, 573 5391 

- «■ aa Top ra- 
"WJfaf Ifay catered 
«»«fhlrom £199 apartments 

SsTSS:^ 5 **^ 0 * 


Converted to fully 
equipped rests ruant 
(omer uses possible) 
128 ft * 16 ft. 120 HP 
Baudoum engine. 

Suit rtvarbank or manna. 
Off Gin invited 
Tel (0530) 73883 



«Nh aoprosonrasety 160-300 
mom* in to i area or cemratf 
London Pets* reply ro BOX 
*B6 The Times. PO Box 484. . 
Vtopma si London Cl. I 

®TN*B Exeniuxe wide inter, 
csl* req busmesa lo run from 
London home 01-455 6581 





ebanre ol a oleum*. Iratmg 
Lonoon on May 1 1. nwinq Sa- 
hara Desert To Clhoofua. Kenya 
an d re turn lo Loudon. Cool 
»' hbO including all rood 
medieats and lares lor Male and 
Female. Must pe M. Limited 
mmitace or olaces Deooul *e- 
ciwed To Wire, wrue perianal 
fiah lo. Capedibon leader 1 
Eagle Street. HowirtH Keigh- 
ley. toey Vorunn- 

«eialh 01-602 3086 

fartSTf VNICBKf Irom £69. 
‘nr Mow Ol 309 707TX Celtic. 
ATOL 1 772 

V f—MH male, on me vki siouet. 


Ljdr HamN BmaKk-s Emkre 
ment tor Ibe tatenutmul 
Haspita] at Nagln to be train 
u tbe Latfr Kamel BeotNcft'a 
Trusf FuU. 

The Ctaitv Cwrynsaoners 
tuoDKC ro make a Scheme In 
ir« cnamy Coow* ot the draft 
Scheme ma» he a blamed Irom 

(Ref: 255832 A/1-15) 

14 Ryder Sbeet, 

Loadoa. SW1Y SAIL 

Owow. IM ahnMm ns* be vn 
ra lion wiito fa ran, non uw 

■tarty trial ladle* below uw 
age M 45 wlU tar wuUMe 
cv and rerrru ahoioeraph ur 
BOX B67 The Times. P O 
Box 48a. London Cl. 





wvareo, pretly cotkage 8 garden 
l« k S female. £40 pw owl. 
Bing un 4566063. 

PtoOF Male 22 seeks na,. hsr 
uure <C44DU nun In w M 

London nun* 162. Tel <w>623 
80» *2888. Eve 727 ,478 

sumnc nwen wum. m- 

tareri , amity nx. ManimoV«r. 
Pre, Mon fn £42 46pw 836 
3596 720 1B68 

«mt car owiikk fa «*d*n fa 

on# in WS wiin garage, eh. 
own Bam and wc. use of kn_ 
£7faw me. OV-262 9691 
BATTERSEA KM r Share tan 
nai o r £240 pen ex cl iDasfl 

491 7625 lEvei 720-9499 

BELGRAVIA Maw shore lux IM. 
own room. IisBocm me- Ol- 
730 2389 

IS L IN GTON o nan tube, d mi hi 
heautnut ho* Ch. an minium 

O, 3S9 6498 afler 7 p m- 
MON - na Attorn llamosWd 
area V. near putaUc uamporr. 
N * preferred 436-5975 




roe low COM thorn*, phis ho- 
in*. Cam ire moaranee red 
lour arranormenu. phono; 

01-930 2556 

HerTTns Travel 
38 WhiWhaU SWl 
ABTA 3483X — - 

dworming wd lurnrawng you, l PUTNEY Pro, Female 26*. N -9 
name in juUei Inin ton advise I to share CH nai CSo pan 
ino-Dendenlly 01 581 3656. “x' 1 Yrl. Ot 870 1296. 

(MMUT All area* sire*, men 

100’s to m oose from 01-027 

3eiO Hometoraior* 

WL M I o r u shr m toe be 
Close all Iran*. CM B w Ina. 
O* *43 17B5- 

name . iei June Inleriorv advise 
irata-Dmdetilly 01 58, 3666. 

CALIBRE CVS professionally 
wrillrn and produced 
curriculum Vila# documents. 
Pn-a iki 01-680 2960 

All w . area* Daiebne. De» 
iTSTi 23 Atamgaon Road. Lon- 
don W9. Tel; 01-638 ion. 

of people need 
your help to 
ease the pain 
of cancer. 

Yhu an help 16 UI i\pta>? 

Ie)i ana ji*p>iir wiih calm arsi 
Ciibniy ior ?-■ marn b> rviVinfi 
alnacv iuiirnaninrdonjiion 
Please roman u* inr details 
ret Ddvrr.rnl riijhi aw3v ai 
Th,- *■ jiioiuI s-vriehf Inr i^kn. gr 
Wirf.Roun 7-lA MCfaviSg. 
Lomkm;>vvieoLlcl m arcei^a 

.Cancer Relief 



m&M ‘ ^r-* 4- 

-rsuwo M CORFU. April /May 
SOM-ial taxers in Our atiraetive 
villa* Irom Healhrow Ring fan 
Works Houcuors 01734 2^62. 


wu * *1 CKwr to Common, 
aiirreine VKionan bouse vm 

del OrKj leal urrs U*tofu|ty 

MN* SFEOALfaT* Sydney 
o W £395 nn £646 Auckland 
o w £420 rtn £774. joVnira 
o w £264 rln £470 Los Aifa- 
•m o *• £171 rn< £336 London 
Flighl Centre Ol 370 6333 

CHEAP ruBMT» Worldwide 

Havm a rfce, Travel TMrshonr; 
Ot 930 1366 

'JNT LCTKA5 The most beauq- 
ful place you've never beard of. 
01-441 0,22 ,04 hr,v 


Burk mgham Travel ABTA 
Ol 836 5022. 

USA from £99 Malar travel. Ol 
483 0237 IAT.4 

nwioim marble markets. The 
manage, nmol be fully versed 
and experienced in ths* industry 
and be cap&Otr ol oopouallng 
contracts with Turknn suppli- 
ers Fluency In Turknn and 
Enfasn is a prereguMte tor lh» 
appoint mem. Please apoty lo 
Managing Director Samsorwcor 

ULJ Denmark Scree,. London 
WCSH 5LS 01 240 3683. 

H1 B 4L4 CASWT regutaed tor up- 
markee toman vuia operator, 
late »i retailed rus m e rci n 
•enUal. Phone ,09321 246565 
lews Jane*. 


TSTiTli ^ 



I J J s rs 1 1 

%* e run e a superb vrteruon of 
personally imperted fur- 
mebed and unfurnobed 
ptdperties in nun» fine Rrh- 
drnlul districts. ranging 
tram Cl 50 pto to £2.000 pw. 

Tel; 01-486 8926 

"HWtat BEDSIT Own lul inn 
Pto Hi IK pd Gibers lad Ol 627 
26 LO Ho n w e o rators 


tor, large crUar. 60 n garden, 
nr all nations and motorway 
£,78 000 Freehold. Tel Ol 
5T9 7127 Mknl Be seen. 


ULCNAVU Luxury one 

bred roamed lumnOcfl flat 6-12 
reintos C 1 50 per wk Ud water 
healing and cleaner me. Pre, 

Co tol phone- 286ta60C> loan 

7pm. Eve* 01 834 5975 

REGENTS PARK. Harley House, 
lop floor, uni urn. iKma p.rv 
4 worms .3 dbtei. 3S palhrms 
fa LS kii. 2 wnrum rerep 

motor yarn I from £1.000 o w 
Idvuir pnvale pearh hovel Ir 
£3JOpp i2 wee k s, irer m,. Free 
kilmeans WUP both Ol 326 
1COS I7J7 3861 aradpboneL 
ATOL 2091 

VtitBIU Fch Mam avtolfau- 
Ilv Brnltay Travel 01-361 



Suffolk, on vnuii larm. sleeps 4- 
6 12 mum roast souutwoid 
CH mile da&M hard lemin 
courts lawe I Pi toil £6&£IEQ 
pw Tel Mutraworlh 1098671 

Permanenl 4 tomporarv posi- 

uore* VMSA SpectoM B«C. 

Cons. Ol 734 0632 


WO k SWU I P L Mature npr- 
riervred lor vman icm wMdWn 
wi. WCI. 01-439 4521. 

domestic & catering 


reau offers M hHp Dcm, or 
live « -Afa UK 6 (i n i p c In Au 
fair Agency Ltd. 87 Regents SL 

London- C'l -439 6634 


EXecvmrc wr p.g geeks re. 
SBonuHn mb Would i o n d u e , 
teno-Wroi temp. TtabM to 
0232 330949 after 7 00 pan. <K 
weepend a v 

SKIS? CM <23 1 seeks Mb with 
family or aiherwier lo tnsiwr 
Engl Mi. rnm witte to a. 
Suutrr. P.O.Box 444. 8604 
VuiluetswiL SwrtrrtancL 

Caffe} Growth 

Studlands Parle, 
Newmarket, Suffofti 

PrtoM from £11^00 


fa A Jfamv. Ideal HokJnge pm. 

YTOR Looee. Stfaon APoragch. 

Tt* Byhe«t09K3j 54288 



AO malar brands norm m . 
s»oe». example of 5J26- 

Nashua n £i0«s to 

AM d» dd C20 99 IQ 

verbaum at. fa. £ 23.49 ID 
Dysan d> gd .£41.95 10 
Pnrcn mn vat shs P ftp 
Export enouanm whcoow 
S end no money, mn n. 
towran (or (ub im Io 

MOMS ON LOTUS 12 3 8m, 
Phony, nn me X Id WordsUr 
Mr. lel e pnone lor free UK 
10734 1 475375. 

EP50N QX 10 2E6fc_ Twin Owe 
yem macular CPM8O + w. 
wan 2 2 640x400 Ptvjrt Res 
private £8CO 00868 24630 


and roomer survelliance 
equtpmenl for bon, U»e 
amaleor 6 professional 
Htng or wnie ior price lisl. 

756 Ui Bride* M 
Lradra ElO SAW 
01 BSS 4226 j 

” . il1 * * ferhi^r 

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1 oday’s television and radio progr amm e*; 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


Efffa aiw 

■20 Coefaic tO JO Play Sdriooi, 



am nil ilii ii 


3J55 Lay on Five, with Fbefla 
Benjamin at the South 
Aston Play Centra (r) 4.10 
HealhcSff - The Cat (r) 

4.15 Jadcanory. 
Christopher Guard reads 
part five of C&ve King's 
Stig of the Dump 4J® 
Secrets Out Another 
edition of the odd hobbies 


4-55 Newsround Extra. Paul 
McDoweft. Part one of a 
report from Paul McDowaU 
on the operation in 
January of last year to 
airlift Ethiopian Jews to 
Israeli. 10 Grange HflL 
Episode 14 end Laura and 
Julia meet two Swedish 
boys at an afl-night party 


9-25 Thames news heacffines. 

9-30 For Schools: the natural 
history of a valley &47 
How we used to five: 
problems in the coal 

mining industry 10.09 
Maths: overlaps 1026 
Science: keeping cool 
10^8 English: part one of 
Rosa Guys, The Friends. 

' set in Hartem 11.15 How 
baked beans are 
manufactured 1 1J2T The 
(Afferent ways animals 
move 1144 Uses of 

1240 Barmy (r) 12.10 Rainbow, 
teaming with puppets 
1240 Writer* bnWnSig. 
Richard Hoggartin 
conversation with Anthony 

1-00 News at One with Leonard 
Parian 140 Thames news, 
presented by Tina 

1-30 Fane The Magner (1950) 
starring Stephen Murray, 
Kay Walsh and Wiffiam, 
now James, Fox. Comedy 
about a tan-year old bety 
and the adventures he 
gets up toafter he steals a 
magnet Directed by 
Charles Frand. 

3.00 Mr aid Mrs. Quiz game for 
married couples, 

Harold Goodwill, Molfie 
Sagdea: obITV at 830pm 

&55 Open U n iver si ty : Richard 
Hoggart - A Measured Life 
7-20 Weekend Outlook. 
Ends at 745. 

9J00 Ceefax. 

9.35 Daytime on Two: basic 
Spanish conversation 9 l 52 
Part six of The Boy From 
Spaas 10.15 Maths: 
sequences 1048 The 
vicars of Hessie. A true 
story set at the time erf the 
Reformation 1140 The 
Scots who came to flve hi 

• One of the ways we can 
TO 5 (Channel 4, 10,30pm) is 
to get sloped in a transactional 
analysis group. Alternatively, 
mere are the primal therapy 
groups where we can learn to 
scream properly. Professor Cary 
Cooper, being an American 
and therefore the product of a 
nation where enlightenment 
about work-retted stress has a 
vocabulary ail its own, must 
know what he is talking about. 
The un-American rest of us 
have to resort to guesswork as 
Professor Cooper shows us 
how to live longer by worrying 
less. One thing emerges 
sufficiently free of jargon to be 
understood by non- 
Americans. Many a worker's 
frown would be wiped away, 
many a progress chart would 
reach a new peak, many a 

34S Thames news 
headfines 340 Sons and 

<3 • ’ V~; 

545 Hospital Watch. Day five 
ol the five documentary 

series from Queen 
Alexandra s and St Mary's 
Hospitals, Portsmouth. 

640 News with Sue Lawfayand 
Nicholas WftchelL . 


645 London Plus. 

7.00 Wogan. Among the gusstsj 
tonight are Sophie Loren, 
Jimmy Jewel, Nigel 
Kennedy and Jennifer i 

740 Blankety Blank. Les 
Dawson's panel consists 
of Betia Emberg, Pete 
Murray, Linda Nolan, Bfil 
Pertwee, Fiona Richmond, 
and Frankie Vaughan (ri 

8.10 Dynasty. KrysOe is taken 
for a night out by Tier 
captor, Joel, ana they 
bump Into Aterxis ana Oex. 
Does this mean Kiystie .. 
can escape at last? Her 
imposter hopes it is the 
case because she Was 
been toid to resist BJaka's 
Chaims no longer. 


9.00 News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 

940 Lovefoy. The entrepreneur 
takes a Job at a new 
antiques market in 
Norwich owned by a efient 
of Lady Jane's. Lovejoy is 
convinced that the man is 
a con-man and decides to 
expose him as such. 


1040 hospital Watch. An up- 
date of the final day's visit 
to the two Portsmouth 

1045 FHm: Busting (1973) . 
starring EKot Goufd and 
Robert Blake. Los 

440 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
12/10. 4.15 BOf the Minder 
meets a respectable 
gentleman 445 Emu’s 
Pink Wimtaffl Show, with 
Rod HuM. 

5.15 Blockbusters. Bob 
Hotness with another 
round of the quiz game for 

beginning to feel the pinch 
11.44 Living away from 
home for the first time 
12.05 Programme six of 
the series on the 
capabilities of 
microcomputers 1245 
Computers in education 
tends at 140) 1.10 
Science: electronics 143 
The medical and ethical 
problems of test-tube 
births 240 What makes 
the class joker? 240 How 
a story becomes front- 
page news. 

240 Ceefax. . 

545 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

540 Fime Clarence the Cross- 
eyed Lion (1965) starring 

540 The Tube. Muriel Gray 
HTtroduces a special report 
on the music scene in 
Nigeria. Among those 

545 News with Anne Leuchars. 
640 The 6 O’clock Show. 
Michael Aspei and his 
team lake a look at the 

740 Mbion MftrireL Geoff finds 
the evidence of Louise's 

740 MurtfarrStM Wrote: 
Broadway IMady. 
Jessica is on hand when a 
Broadway legend is lured 
back to the stage once 
- . again, this tine with her 
daughter,*] a musical 
produoad by her son, only 
to be threatened witiv 
death. Starring Angela 

840 That's My Boy. The first of 
a new series starring Molly 
Sugdanasthe possessive 
mother of the son she 
(fisoovers after having Mm 
adopted at the age of one. 
In this episode she is 
distraught when her 
brother dsappeara but 
even more confused when 

he makes an appearance. 

940 Auf Wtodersehen, Pet A 
new series begins with the 
seven brickies re-united to 
help Barry in his hour of 
need before his wadding 

Betsy Drake and Cheryl 
IWfler. The season of 
animal films for the family 
continues with this 
adventure about a doctor 
who runs an animal 
welfare study centre with 
his daughter on an African 
nature reserve. Directed 
by Andrew Marten. 

740 Imcro Live. Is there such a 
thing as artificial 
intelligence? Ian 
investigates; there Is news 
of a computer that has fust 
published its first book of 
verse; and Lesley Judd 
tries to tell tha difference 
between man and 

740 Ebony. Jufiet Alexander 
investigates the 
possibilities of a black 
Mss United Kingdom, 

springing from me 
increase xi beauty and 
fashion shows for black 

8.00 TV a v c fia ra inUma. The 
story of the conquest of 
Mouit Kamet by a British 
expecfitioninlSJI M. 

840 Gardeners' Worid- The 
Sunday Times gardening 
correspondent, Graham 
Rose, and Roy Lancaster 
visit Sizergh Castle 
Gardens In Cumbria which 
boasts a quarter-of-an- 
acre rock garden. 

940 Sporting Chance. The first 
of a new series, presented 

Sisters. Dr Orlando Owoh, 
KoMingion and Femt KutL 
In the studio with Jools 
Holland and Paula Yates 
are Junior and Latin 

7.00 Channel Four news and 

740 Right To Reply. Are They 
Being Served? A 
discussion on television 

4 controller of 
programmes; Robin 
Mtdg yy, head of drama, 
Pebble MML Mark Finch; 
and Femi Otitoju 

840 What the Papers Say. 
Paul Foot reviews how tha 
Press has treated the 
week's news. 

8.15 A Week in Politics, 
introduced by Peter 

I I I I M 

md on the txifdding 
drama surrounding Bl. 

9.00 Brother s . Cliff believes he 
has met Mr Right when he 
to feifroduced to Demis; 
white brother Joe, 
desperate for new female 
' company, agrees to pose " 
nude for a women's 
magazine. Joe gets cold 
feet at the last moment 
and persuades Clff to take 
Ws place only to discover 
that the session 
p h otographer is Dennis. 

940 Gardeners’ Cateftdar. 
Among the tasks (added 
tonics are pruning a fan- * 
trained peach; cuffing 
back an overgrown privet 

shrubs. (Oracle) 
1040 Cheers. A distrai 
Carla beseeches 

officers, Keneefy and 
Farroi, combat corrupt 
superiors in their war 

erty 's prwltotian and 
drugs network. Directed 
by Peter Hvams- 
1245 Weather. 

NUN) News at Ten with Sandy 
Gail and Pamela 
Armstrong. Wbather. 

1040 Tha London Programme. 
The Classroom Crisis: 
What the Teachers' 
Industrial Action Means 
for Education. Filmed 
. mainly at Btham Green 
conwrehenaive. Followed 
by unrr News headlines. 

1140 Snooker. KgM$its of the 
day’s play tn the Dulisc 
British Open from the 
Assembly Rooms, Derby. 

12.15 Mxrorbirega.DavW Essex 
in concert at The Royal 
Albert HaU. 

1.10. (fight Thoughts 

940 One Man and Nb Dog. 
The Welsh heat of a new 
series, introduced by Phfl 
Drabble from Buttermere. 

10.10 Did You Se&_? Anna 
Carteret, Graeme Garden 
and John White pass 
comment on Hospital 
Watch, Artists and 
Modate, and Boon. 

1045 Newsnlght 1140 

1145 Fflm: (Navy of a Lost GMT 
(1929) starring Louise 
Brooks as a young woman 
whose seduction by her 
father's assistant leads 
her on to ihe road to ruin. 
Directed by G-W.P&bsL. 
Ends at 145 

son getting married 

1040 How to Survive the 9 to 5. 
The third programme in 
the four-part series about 
avoiding Stress at work. 

(Oracle) (see Choice) 

1140 Him: PetuSa (1968) 
staning Jutie Christie as 
the newly-wed woman 
who, after six months of 
marriage embarks on an 
affair with a tfvorced 
doctor. With Richard 
Chamberlain and George 
C Soon. Directed by 
Richard Lester. 

1.15 The NnuNFM Of Badly 

CHOICE 7 ■“ 

heart attack would be avoided if 
only bosses would reprimand 
less and compliment mors. "A 
thank you is often 
enough 'says the professor, It 
would certainty satisfy the 
London bus-driver who says 
tonight that he would 
consider hvnseH fajdky to get cx» 
thank you a week. and can 
thank one-man operated buses 
tor his own heart attack. Like 
many another nine-to-fiver these 
days. he can never be 
absolutely sure where the 
machinery in him ends and 
the flesh and blood begins. 

• Also worth your attention 
tonight is Pabst'S 1929 stem 
GIRL (BBC 2, 11,45pm). the first 
of two Louise Brooks rams to 

Radio 4 

240 A Question of Economics. 
Zeinab Badawi and Peter 
Donaldson examine the 
position of the unions In 
post-war Britain. Do they 
reafly represent the views 
of the majority of their 

340 Snooker. Dickie Davies 
introduces coverage of 
Duhix British Open from 
the Assembly Rooms. 

440 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner of the anagrams 
and mental arithmetic 

game is challenged by Tim 
Ramsay, a window cleaner 
from Wrtham in 


540 Car 54 Where Are You?* 
Vintage American comedy 
series starring Joe E Ross 
and Fred Gwynne as a pair 
of incompetent but wefi- 
meaning New York 

545 Shipping 540 News. W6athe 
5.10 Farming 645 Prayer 
tor the Day (s) 

640 Today, hid 540, 740, 

B40 News 645 Business 
News 6.55, 745 Weather 
7.00, 840 News 745, 

845 Sport 745 Thought for 
the Dev 845 Yesterday 
in Parliament 6L50 Latere 
847 Weather, Travel 
940 News 

945 Desert Island Discs. Ben 
Kingsley, the actor, talks 
to Michael Parkinson (rVs) 
945 Feedback. Chris Dunkley 
toflows up listeners 1 
comments about BBC 

1040 News; international 
Assignment BSC 
correspondents report from 
around the world 
1040 Morning Story: Semoiino 
byHA vaeftefl 
1045 Daily Service (s) 

1140 News; Travel; Pflfars of 
Society. A profile of The 
Dafly Telegraph (r) 

11.48 Natural Selection. Guest 
in a Nest 

1240 News; The Food 
Programme. Derek 
Cooper examines cheeses. 
1247 Fingers in the Jam. 

Son^atxxrt^recrts and 

childhood (s) 1255 

140 The Wortd At One: News 
140 The Archers 145 

be screened on consecutive 
nights (tomorrow night 
Pandora's Box); and the firs* fHm 
in a new series of SPORTING 
CHANCE (BBC 2, 9.00pm) which 
Subjects two pretty girts to 

the kind of danger 1 would not 
have thought a cheque could 
adequately compensate them 
for. Aiweka Rice, whose 
vitality and fearlessness m 
Treasure Hunt 's one of the 
highlights of my viewing week, 
goes pot-hokng, and actress 
Leslie Ash takes a car round the 
Sihrestone circuit at speeds 
that punish her tyres as much as 
they punish my nerves. 

4,8.45pm)promtees political 
fireworks. Messrs Tetobrt, 

Steel and Kaufman are among 
the panelfists. Ann Leslie is 
no punch-pufler.either. 

Peter Davalle 

tafts to Dr Malcolm Arnold 
430 Kaleidoscope. , 

540 PM: News magazine 5J50 I 

240 News; Woman's 

Hour. Includes a reportby 
Kay Alexander from the 

640 News; Financial Report 
630 Going Places, diva 
Jacobs and his team 
monitor the world of travel 
and transport 
740 News 
745 The Archers 
740 Pick of the Week. TV end 
radio extracts chosen by 
Simon Baras (s) 

840 Law in Action (Josua 

845 Any Questions? Norman 
TeotHtt. David Steel. 

Gerald Kaufman and Ann 
Leslie answer comments 
made by an audience in 
Bideford, Devon 
930 Letter From America by 
Alistair Cooke 

945 KalekfoscopeJncludes 
comment on The Apple 
Cert at the Theatre Royal, 
Haymarket, London, raid 
Art and Time at the Barbican. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Lake 
Wooegon Days read, and 
written, by Garrison Kefior 
(5) 1049 Weather 

1030 The Worid Tonight 

1140 Today in Parliament 

11.15 The financial Worid 


1130 week Ending (c) Satirical 
review of the week's 

1240 News; Weather 1233 
Shipping Forecast 

VHF (Available in England and 
S. Wales only) as above 
except 535-540am weather; 
Travel 1140-1240 For 
Schools: 1140 Singing 
Together (s) 1140 
Conversation - Now 11 .40 The 
Music Box (s) 1130 See 
For Yoursatt. 1-5S-340pm For 

i 8.05 Concert (contd); Tippett 
(Divertimento on 
Setiinoers Round):Wartock 
(One More Rtver, Lullaby: 
Varcoe, baritone!; Side 
(Serenade in E flat). 9.00 

9.0S Tnts week's Composers: 
Massenet (Death Scene, 
Don Quixote. with 
(Sylvia, act one). 

1040 Schubert Marur Roscoe 
(piano). Sonata in E. □ 

459; Sonata in A rnsior, D 

1030 Langham Chamber 
Orchestra. Cimarosa (I 

tract amanti overture}; 

Diamond (Rounds); 

Haydn (Symphony No 44) 
1135 Helena Dose and Eva 
Pa taki; soprano and 
peno recital. Works by 
Stenhammar, Peterson- 
Berger, Rangstrom. Sibelius 
and Grieg (rndudmg 
Taktordnt rad). 

12.15 Midday Prom; BBC 

PtxlhanTKXtic. with Lydia 
Mordkovich (violin).. Verdi 
(SicJBan Vespers 
overture); Bruch (V«Cn 
Concerto No 2). 140 

l.tS Musical Times Past: 
Victorian music-making. 

With Fritz Spiegi. 

140 Midday Prom: 

Tchaikovsky (Symphony 
No 6). 

2.10 Albion Ensemble: 

Malcolm Arnold (Three 
Shanties); Whettam 
(Quintette Concerts to); 

Holst (Wind Quintet, Op 14). 
230 Gersmvin: Piano 

Conceno in F (Pittsburgh 

345 Cricket The Fast Test 
West Indies v 
England. Other Radio 3 
programmes switch to 
VHF until 6.30 
630 Music for Guitar; 

Alexander Frauchi plays 
works by Weiss (Fantasia). 
Bach, and Koshkin (The 
Sleeping Don). 

740 A Famous Impasse: 

Graham Fawcett on the 
poet Adrienne Rich. 

730 Nash Emembteprat one. 
Hummel (Septet in C, Op 
1 i4.Miftary); Bartok 

VHF only: Open University. 

6 35am to 6 55, 345 Bull Virginal 

1 1V I »i T l * (» J 

WOoHey. 4.00 Choral 
Evensong. from Canterbury 
Cathedral. 435 News- 540 Mainly 
for Pleasure (Jeremy 
Swpmann) presents a selection of 
recorded music... ■ - ■ ■ - ■ 

Dealing Room of an 
international bank In 



340 News; Jude The Obscure 
. Thomas Hardy's novel 
dramatized in 6 parts, with 
Mchasi Permtegton as 
Jude. (4} The Usual Tragedy 
of Love(sXrt 

440 News- 445 Humour in 
Music- Leonard Pearcey 

BBC1 WALES 535pn-640 
HSK 1 Wales Today. 635-740 
Hospital watch. 1225am-1230 
News and waattier. SCOTLAND 
635pm-7.00 RKiorting Scot- 
land. 740-7.40 The Scottish Broad- 
castingAwards 1985. 730-8.10 
Tomorow’s World. 1035-1145 
Left, Right and Centre. 1145- 
1.15am Rkn: Adam's Woman 
(1970L 1.15-140 Weather. 
Today's Sport S^OpnHLOO In- 
side Ulster. 635-740 Hospital 
Watch. 124Sam-i230 News 
and weather. ENGLAND 1240- 
1230pm The Altobnent Show 
(North-East only). 635-740 Re- 
gional news mageztaes. 


■ except 945am- 
930 For Openers. 140 Channel 
News and weather. 130 Mr and 
Mrs. 240 Arcade. 230 HoteL 
330-440 Glenroe. 5.12-5.15 
Puffin's Ptafflce. 640 Channel 
Report toflowed Cw Tastes of Chi- 
na. 630-740 ThaP s What you 
think! 730-830 Tha Fall Guy. 1030 
Jane's Diary 1035 The Movie- 
makers 11.15 Snooker IZISam 
Weather. Close 


■ except starts 

945-830 North East News 140 
North East News and Lookaround 

K tichraSaSSSlSrthEast 

5.15-545 Joanle Loves 
Chachi640 Northern Ufa 630-740 
What Would You Do? 730 

ar 12.15* Three's Company 1240 


130 Calendar News iS*H^ Pt 
Yourself 130 F»rc And TheSama 

. 155-34QpmFor 

C Radio 3 ) 

635Weather. 740 News. 

745 Morning Concert Grieg (In 
Autumn overture); 

Chopin (Ballade No 2, Op 38: 
Gavrilov, piano); Raff 
(Cano Concerto in D;Moray 
Welsh.cello); Sibefius 
(Finlandia); 840 News. 

335-330 Calendar News 6.15-535 
Dreams 6.00 Calendar 630- 
7.00 Ditfrent Strokes 730-830 The 
Fafl Guy 1030 Snooker' 

12.15am That’s Hollywood 1245 


.1230pm-140 That's 
1 30 Gtianada Report 

130 (Canada Reports 130 FHm: 
What Chraiged Charfie Far- 
thing? (Doug McClure) 340 Insects 

That Help Us 345 Granada Re- 
ports 330-440 The Young Dod 

ports 330-4.00 The Young Docta 
5.15-545 The Beverty HHbfiOes 
640 Grenade Reports 630-740 

tcu/ As London except 

1^32. 140TSW News 130 

FHm: The Capture of Grizzly Ad- 
ams (Dan HaggarM3.15 Home 
Cookery dub345The Young 
Doctors 337-440 TSW News 5.12- 
5.15 Gus Honeybun's Magic 
Birthdays 640 Today South West 
630-7.00 What's Ahead 730- 
830 Magnum 1032 Snooker 
12.15am View From This Side 
1235 Postscript 1240 Weather and 

BORDER ^ London «*- 

— - " cept 140 Border 

News 130 Wish You Were 
Here...? 240 FHm: The Flanagan 
Boy (1953) 330-440 The 

12.15am FHm: The Mpn Who 
Could Cheat Death (Anton Diffring) 
140 Close 


&30 The Day Ahead 140 
Lunchtime 130 FHm: The Perfect 
Woman jPatrida Roc) 340 Mr 8 
Mrs 330 Persona! View 338-440 
Ulster News 5.15-545 The Bev- 
erly Hfflbflfes 640 Good Evening 
Ulster 630 SportscasI 640- 
740 Advice With Anne HaHes 730- 
830 Knight Rider 1030 Witness 
1035-1140 Barney Miller 1245am 

- M M M saas„ 

News and Weather 130 Fflm: 

The Coimt of Monte Crtsto (1874) 
245330 Anofia N e ws 6. CO 
740 About Anglia 1030-1140 
Cross Question 12.15am The 
Message and the Music, Close 

830-740 Funny You Should Say 
That 1030-1140 Borderfive 
12.15 News Summary 12.18 dose 

. SCOTTISH gjffS, 

Scottish News 130AC<xmtry 
Practice 230 On The Market 340- 
330 Mr and Mrs 335-440 
Crime Desk 640 Scottish News 
and Scotiand Today 830 Re- 
port 730 Benson 840-830 The 
Benny HW Show 1030-1140 
ways and Means 12.15 Late Can 
11240 Close 

S4C 140 Countdown 130 
— =2= Family TIBS 240 Taro 
Nodyn 240 Stori Sbri 235 
Cteotwg 235 Interval 340 Snooker 
430 World of Animation 430 Y 
Corechod 540 Misus Potpupur 
530 The Tube 740 Newydcfion 
Saith 730 FOW Y Cwm 849 Caryl. 
Nsws HeacSnes 830 FaTNa 
Msef 9-16 F»tt Bad Stood (1081) 
1140 Ghosts In The Machine 

News on the hour (except 
840 and 9.00pm) Headlines 
530am, 630, 730 and 830. 
Crickec West indies v England 
1.15pm. 2.02. 3.02, 442, 545, 
642, 6.45 (ml only). 935, 11.00. 
4.00am Colin Berry (s) 640 Ray 
Moore (s) 645 Ken Brace (s) 1030 

Jimmy Young Legal problems 
answered by Andrew Philbps 
1.05pm David lacobs (5) 240 
Gloria Hunnifora (s) 330 Music AO 
The Way (Sj 440 David 
Hamilton (s) 640 John Dunn (s) 
730 Friday Night is Music Night 
(5) 930 The Organist Entertains 
(Nrgel OgdenXsl 935 Sports 
Desk 1040 Mooney's Monday 
Magazine 1030 Black Magic 
(Stanley BlacM 11.00 Smart HaB 
140am Jean Qha&s (s) 340- 
440 A Little Night Music (s) 

Radio 1 

830 A Tossed Coin. Ken 
Jones plays the old man 
in the stay by WKJ Cowbum. 

8j 40 Nash Ensemue: part Z 
Haydn ( FhJte Trio in D. H 
XV 16); Martinu (La revue de 

930 BerwaW and Tubini 
Berwald (Smfonie 
capricteuse): Tubin 
(Concerto for balalaika 
and orchestral. 

10.15 The Harlequin 

Years: Roger Ntchota on 

musical ne m Paris after the 
Great War. Tonight from 
1919 to 1920. 

1140 Nocturne: Defius 

(Paris; song of a greet 
city): Hahn (song cycle 
Venezia, with RoHe 
Johnson, Lott, Richard 
Jackson]; Mozart 
(Serenade In D, for four 
orchestras, K 286). 

1137 News. 1240 Closedown. 

12.15 A Week in Politics 140 Close 

- aanw agSi 

Central News 130 Rim: The 
Grace Kelly Story - (1983 3.15 
Magic, Magic 335-330 Central 
News5.l5-S.45 Dtffrent Strokes 
6.00-740 Central News 7 30- 
830 Knight Rider 1030 Snooker 
12.15am FHm: The Railway 
Murders - (1976) 1.45 Close 

GRAMPIAN ^ London 
— ■ WMWir ' except starts 
935-930 First Thing 130 North 
News 130 That's Hollywood 240 
The YeflQwRose340Mr& Mrs 
335-330 North Headlines 6-00- 
7.00 North Tonight and Weather 
730-830 Knight Rider 1030-11.00 
Crossfire 12.15am News Head- 
lines. Weather 1230 Close 
TVC As London Except 
Starts 935-930 TVS Out- 
look 130 TVS News 130 Mr S 
Mrs 240 Arcade 230 The Baron 
337-440 TVS News followed 
by Ctenroe 5.12-6.15 TVS News 
-HeadUnes 640 Coast to Coast 
630-7.00 That's What You Think! 
730-830 The Fafl Guy 1030 
Facing South 11.15 Snooker 
12.15am After Midnight - Elvis 
Costello 1240 Wanted: Dead or 
Alive 1.15 Company. Close 


HTV News 130 Film: True as a 
Turtle (John Gregson) 335-330 
HTV News 5.15-545 Mr Smith 
640 HTV News 630-740 The 
Good Neighbour Show 730- 
630 Knight Rider 10-30 Your Say 
1045 The Year Was... 1980 - 

11.15 Snooker 12.15am Weaiher, 


849-740 Wales at Six 1030- 
1140 The Dream That Kicte 1140- 

12.16 Snooker 

1 i 

News on the half-hour from 
630 am until 9.30 pm and at 124 
midnight. 6.00 am Adrian John 
730 Mike Read 930 Simon Bates 
1230 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 1245 Gary Davies 340 
Pam Jordan 530 Newsbeat 
(Frank Partridge) 545 Brano 
Brookes 730 Andy Peebles 
1040-1240 The Friday Rock Show 
(s) VHF RADIOS 1 A 2 4.00 am 
As Radio 2 1040pm As Radio 1 
1240-440am As Radio 2 


600 Nawsdesk. 740 World News. 749 
Twenty-tour Hours: News 730 Jazz Iran 
Europe. 7.45 Merchant Navy Programme. 
Bin Wbnd News. 609 Refections 61S 
EnflfishSono630 Muse Now 940 Worid 
News. 609 Review of the British Press- 
615 The World Today. 930 Rrrancial 
News. 640 Look Ahead. 645 Breakfast at 
Tiftanye. 1600 News Sunrnary.1601 The 
Classic Afcuro. 1616 Merchant Navy 
Programme 1030 Business Manets 
1140 world News. 1139 News About 
























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uunmirs cuvns 


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the Lirerrv uiu hoeIcal 
on "Sir Jobs 1 
DlfKlad oy Hik* OcKrant 
wiantly .at 7.30 haw wed at 
7-30 & Sat *.30 4 B.OO 

ALBEST 3878. CC }T) 

6=. M. ?7'< 6*33. T*i 9W). 

Crp Sales 9M 6729. 836 3962 
Boo to 7r t 7-'^ Sat 3 A T-30 
Ollaler A Standard Awards 85 
Rupert Ba Linda 

Frazer and Sinclair 

Hrina Marlin 
-BSlLLIlVTLr Ftwr* 


CC 6^33. Crp Sales 930 
M13 CC hr 5- I«. Sun ?* 

MW, I it Call nrs. CC 
2*P 7200 

last 3 rears i .30 

lower 2 . JO A 7.3u 



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“Flpare. nleaie- Dleiie rt 
wu have one ose'e ertfltttfl-. 
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Ihedtre" Usilr tetl 

alowtCb 0i-8?6 o: ; 

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Hon-Thurs ab Bpa, Fri a 
Sat at £pa A 8. *5 

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A dcllcbtrnl ooaadjr. 

BOOKluf Uiraisfa Jurat 1986. 

Sat arm oeld cut to and or 

CC 630 6362 Orp Solar 930 6123 
Em 7. *5 Mata hie 6 Sat 3.0 
ffinuue lame m svra r 
DQga pnW P Bap 
Manic by 

Anna lloid mam 

Dlrw-ted by IBEVOB wm 

CoscesvlonB rur O.A.P.5. until • 
April «t Tdm Ran 

APOLLO TRSATBE oc *37 «63/* 

»3* £*-hr 7 flay k 

bookings First Call 2*0 7200 

*Rmy and Entertalnlne* 

City LinJtf. ‘ 

Hew play by Dowlas Vatkinsea 
' Mrerted by Wehaol Bufliwn 
Eves Mon-fri 7.30 Thara Rat -3.0 
Sots 8.00 & 8.15 
Otoub Sales 930 fii2J 

UtIC&iA TBEOaE Box eft -loro 
ec t droupa 01-73* «2BT- 01- 
[ • »>T'B77£ •: 

BEST HOnCAL 1965 JUr Tins 

• : uancN 

A eolabration of the lira and ' of JqFin' Leman rtBBHWOL 
-'.v I BBUi.* LOVED IT* Bill 
DOBS IT W lTTEE* CriiUu a Lemon 

Add‘M;rv.i f5st nin at 4;o 

EVWllnf: Tore ta-Sat ?.0 
Kits raturdev A Sunday *,3 


• AS l Sit L’FI-IT - - ' 

len t i jo.- Jr -Z-Oi) ' 6 • 

T.3£'. THE PH, 

Berttra. ‘‘■jUr^nze. tor 1 :. •• /: 
T.Mf^-laricr Z.C - -6 lAU ■ \ ■: 

01 930 2Sm Ftret Call 24 
hour 7 day a bugs 0] 240 
7200. Prey Ued Fat) 26 Opens 
TDur Fee 27. 




Directed by RON DANIELS 
Evgs Hon-Fra 8.0 &IC S.30 I 

COTTESLOE ’S‘ 928 2252 CC 
(Natlowi theatre's saall 
auditor) i«i Ton't 7.30, 

Town- 2.30 I 7.30, then Frt 
2* to 27 last perfs HAN.ET 
by Shale spea re- Ton't 6 m 
S unburnt Ears. 45 mn 
plat/oni pert* all tkts £2.00 

cKneKma s 930 3316 cc 379 
6563/ 379 6*33/741 W99. Grps 
636 ?062- E*w 8.00 Mat Thor 
2 .J 0 Sac 5.30 and B.W 

resnzsH farce n ns ran* 


Tha Theatre at Cemadf Cbapanr 
eric sixes raw scow 

ions von . . 
llritwn and dinctad by 
Say Ceonoy 

Over 12 M perfa 8 IM aPUTTiW 
yerforaanceg. 'SROOLO RIM TO* 
UR* J Ltpresa. fieat-a J 5 to 
CIO. 60 . Special Theetre/Dlnner 
Criterion 8 roaaerlrt?r silo cr 
eirela ttdtat a <17.25. . 


HDTLIBES 01-583 B8»6 box Ofrirei 
01 636 8639/4 or 340 4562/3 ! 

Fi'ral Call j?«hr T Bay CC 336 
2628 Crp £nl&s S30 frl23. 


. Cltt CLiafp ‘ 


CHIT mmivn 


• unstibK'oLma: 


JTa *s«i6lin. 3r.t;i Karen 13 
£wr..7. *3.0Rl1I> THEATRE Cti 
fC73->t;»nJ.rauir»i «urp tn*-.r 
!•'«: atuantrp. au.-- a: 1 B>TLE- 
CAM0AI1E sturrlnp S70BHAM 

836 B108 01-2*0 9066/7 First 
Cali 2* boor T day CC Hcgc 
ZiO 7 ZOO 

. Darld Herrlc fc’a 

- Woner or all the beat 
fealeal iwda fbr 148* 


- ‘ totad 

Eves 8.0 Mats Wad 3.0 SSL ^.0 

t a. jo 

Croup Salen 930 6i?3 

JAR 1987 

Party Bates mtUblO 
WCHES8 HC Z 836 8Z*3. Firm 
Call CC 2*0 7200 (J»hra 1 
days!.. Eons 8. Uod ant 3. Sat 
5 A 8.30 

"An exMlarat Lne display or 
«ale tlainp* Cdn in 
By Bab Larboy 

r Author or * A Fine Bcmjce") 

. ’SHOULD wot K 
mSSEB* _89C 

GAHUCX S. 01 B36 4601 CC 
379 6433 i cc 24 hr/7 day 
240 72 DO. -Grp Sfllei 930 6123 
tigs 9.D. Upd feT 3.0; Sat 
5.0 1 B 


' ND SO, PliASE- 
2 firs of noft-stoo lauflmer 
GLOBE 43/ 1592 First tell 24 
Hr 7 Day Ci 240 7200 Grp 
SaiC5 330 6123 

1 7HEATPE COMPANY presents 


A rnffidr by Ken (.uohio, 
DirKieo ty tHvifl Gilmore 
1 Sw. ft Mftts ww 3 Set 4 


First Night Hareh 6 at 7.00 
7753 Ewen liigs '7.45. n« Sat 
?.30. (ME OF US ay ROBIN 

“A cacHd! test" D.W 

{HVSTEAD 720 9301. Ton't B 
Toaor 4.30 1 B.D THE LISfY 
WWBI ty Srlaa TTnipsan 
•This Coaedy trill give you 
wetting to think and talk 
about" 0 Tel "Extrewely 
funny" T. Out "An excellent 
cast" BBC rslelttascofie. lfcry 
■uch a play for tbe go’s, 
written with eloquence and 
fawnr" S Tues 
Office S CC 01 930 9832 


Susannah ran; 



1 Ergs 7.30 Hats Ued I Sat 

( 2.30 
HER MAJESTY'S 930 4Q2S, 930 
6606 cc JWtlinp 741 9999. 
first Call 2* nr 7 day CC 
j bootings 240 7200. 

"A UMderfuI theatricality. 

1 Orally tailored to our... 
thirst for advertent. * 

0. Hail. 

■ft stunning adaptation .. an 
evening of .. theatre angle' 
D. lei > 'Superb conic 
perforeance.* F, T.rthe 
spectacularly tongue- in-due 
neiodrana.' Fbil on Sun. 

Evjs 7.3Q. Hats Ned ft Sat at 

CC Hotline 305S. Ton’t 
/-30. IimofTqa 2,30 4 7.30 
Farijr Ksvn iva liable. 

•4 terrific traditional 
Panto." The Eur 


'll devastating* me Star 


■Undeniably a dishy Prince 
Chorwtng-* Daily Man, 

'and the entire production 
is an endhantaent* o. Nail. 
Apply Be« Ortice 
01 4>f 73ti. srsip salet 
1*1 935 6133." First cal 1 2« 
hour. 7 oai CC Poolings 0t 
2)0 7200. - Seats auiidole 

it- the doors. 



Pr#»iew* iron Anri I 22-Fjrst 
Night Mar T. Telephone 
credit boo* ings new accepted 
on 437 73/3 . 437 2055. 734 
9961. First Call 24 Hr 7 Day 
CC BnoLmgs 24 0 7200 Bra 
office now open for personal 
callers Grp Sales 530 6123 
231) Eves 7.45, fed Nats 
2.3a Sats *.0 S 7.45. 

COtlB LUC IE *5 

Directed by David Haynan 
Desioned by Geoff tose 
prorapU SATIE DAY* NIGHT by 
Adrian Mitchell. 0l reeled 
by Richard Ui Ilians, 
fesigned by Ton Phillips. 

Ml. 01 437 3686/7, 01 434 
1050. CC 434 1550. 734 Si«/ 
7. First Call 24 i»ur. 7 
Oa t CC bookings 240 7200. 






Directed fiy John Ifciter 
■Greeted with tunjltucus 
ft (Clause.* Daily Eaoress 
Evgs 7.30. Sau 5.0 S c.15 
fed Hats 3.0 
firoup Sales 01 930 6 123 

LYTTELTON 'S' 928 2252 CC 
INdiiorul Ineaire'! 
prtnieniuB stagei Previews 
lon-t. Hon 7.45. Twer 2.15 
IlCw price Mil ft 7.45. 

Ooens Tae at 7.J». Trtsn 7et> 

% I Ha reft :< to 5 BfilGHTTM 
BEACH MEHU1K by fei I 5imjn 

HSrfAlK S LE 01 629 SCK/ 

7«i Wft «P-thu & Fri 1 Sat 
6.4u ft tOO 


Tt>e hit inriliar t.y Tisbara 
Harris "The best tnnller 
fer y-dr;' S Mir "A 
unebasheS eirme* - l "a 
thriller max acnieves it 
all" ■'Sencilis’Mj" licei 
s7k Mitt lEAfi 
OVER 2.000 P-:3TMHA«Es 

5H/WSPEA2E wat aep? 

Feb ?a - March i* Man - fri 
at TT.30 am not 5at. A>rs 
?»»ne Kereiaid 236 55*6 for 

oe'-ai Is, 

MERMAID CC (tto Bkq fee) 236 
5568/741 9999. CC(t*g fee) 

24 hr/7 day 240 7200. Group 
Seles 01 930 6123. PREVIEWS 
AU TNTS 16 Ton’t ft Tenor 
5.0 ft 8.0 (Opens Hon at 7on) 
Subs Eves 8.0. Fri ft Sat 5.0 

a s.o 

By David Manet 
Directed by Hi J I Bryden. 

Tins play contains 
For other m snows see 
National Theatre. 



Eirelient cheap seats nay of 
pert, all three theatres 

Back Stage). C Info 633 

hen LOtoOH Drury Lana hit 
01 «05 0072 CC 3F9 Ms3 Ev« 
7.45 Tue ft Sat 3,00 ft 7.45 


Ei-d Bookings 01 «Q5 1567 pr 
(M 930 fii?3 (Apply daily to 
Btta Off ice for returns 1 
Mila I applications n» 
being accented until August 

OLD IIC. 928 7616. CC 281 
132! Grp Sales 930 Gi?’. 

7. 3D. fed. Mai; 2.30. 
Sats fl.O ft 7.45. 


OLIVIER *5' 3Z g ?J52 CC 
INftliORSI Tneaire'; open 
Hagei Twt ?.iS. tapjr 
2.lM flow price ran ft 7 . 1 S. 
tnen Feb 24 ft 25 « HBrcn 71 
I Mar,;n 29 ft 31 A CMRUS OF 
DISAPPROVAL. Previews mren 
5 la ip. Cpen; Hara> 13 at 
•’•VO. Then Ma-;n 14 i 15 

PIKADJLL* THc«TfiE. aiv 5 ^ 
9535. CC i7\t 6565,741 
***». brv Sale; 836 j»2/ 

9SP 6 IBJ. 

"* 8 r llliant lev fb;ic«|- 





•Trereiiiacius spectacle' £an. 
tvgs. e.Nsts. fed J ft Sat 

734 B957 First Call 24 W 7 
Days CC Booking 836 3464 &rj> 
teles 930 6123 


Opens I* N» at 7m 

HINLC ff UM.Es 01 930 8681 / 
2 CC Hotline Ot 930 0644/5/ 
6. Group Sales 01 930 6123. 

1C Prow* 01 741 9999. First, 
call 24 hr 1 day CC bookings 
240 TWO; 01 379 643 J, Evgs 
7. 3D Hit Tmr ft Sat at 3.0 
The Natiorul Theatre el 
Great Britain AmitI binning 




■icndertuf Entenainrant* 

S. Tel. -A CLASSIC Of its 
kind.- D. lei. 

OUEENS W 734 I1G6. 7V 1167 
734 0261. 734 0120. 439 3849 
439 4031. First call CC 24 
hr "40 7200, Grp. telft. 930 
6123. £vgs. 6pa, MM. ft Sat. 
Hats 3pm 



’&!»£ BPJYWA performances 


A new play uy Ronald Hai>ooa 
0ire«93 by neter Tates. 

ROYAL COURT 5, C£ 730 1 745. 
Ihcrjis Fuaiteioo an.j Hewi'd 
fiarier. Cftrettea by Uilliw 
Gestill. iv5s. B.O. Sol. 

HaL^ 4.0 

’'5 KELLS 278 9S»6 
UrSl Call, 7 day, CC 
240 72U0. 

The Musical 

London Pr-aierfi Tfcreh A 

Bk 4 your teals at any neitn 
Prwse brjnch - No EBcfting 
Fw. i Price Premew fro* 

LI MARTIN'S. 836 1443. 
special CC to. 379 6433. 

Eig> 8.0, Tiki, 2.45. Sals 
S.O ft 5.10. 

Sorry, ra r«u*M prices 
fr» any source. Cut seat* 
blble Tr £3.50 

SAvar. Bu office 01 S36 
6888 CC 01 379 6219.836 0179 
Evgs. 7.45. Matinees fednes- 
day 3.0 Saturday 5.0 ft 8.30 
S. Tines 16/2/86 





Direaed by MICHAEL 

SHAHrSBURY 379 5399 CC 7*1 
9999/379 M33 First Call 
2* Hr 7 Day « 240 7200 ere 
Sales 930 6i23 


ilpa price Prevs 5 1 6 Karen 
Man- Fri 8 Sat 5.30 ft 8.30 
STRAW. WC2 01 836 2660/ 
4143/5190. Kw-fri, Evqs 8.3 
Kit Hal. Z.30 Sat. 5.30 ft 
S. 3D. 


■A natural conic, a jo y to 
benola" STB. ‘Genuineijr 
funny- F. tmr,. 




A coneoy by Jonn CnaCron and 
Michael fertwee. direcled hy 
Mite Ocureflt. MUSI EM MARCH 
8 owing to David Jason’s TV 

fid CC L'!.«6.f9!f7.5P«5 
f»r;t tail ICC 24 lire > 

IH.r 43 .TJ 09 . 

..t: ;.ii> Vri Mot. i.iO. 

:ot:. i.tifi 6 ft. la 






H0 ; .L CQHAha :• 


tvjf. 7.30 Matt Stt only 

Michael cravdsd 


writ APRIL 26. 

Ban Office also opens 
Sundays ii aa to 7 cm for 
cretin card uiggnong 
bookings only. 

WOTtSULL. 5UI 01 .qjO.Tt 6 S/ 
SJ9 M55. re rj.^q.BSbS.' 
6*i3/T«l.nq»S. Crps 01 BJi 

s«i p-:c«? Pr«*j fr3* res K. 
Oper.- Horn, 9 ,, 7 . 3 ^. 

Fri pfn. birc.Mai jpo. ia t 
Sbo und 8.;Cpe. 


aru. PHASED 





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PHWUAJl scales 
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HYTOHAN’S A36 30M CC 3 ’9 
6565 . 3<^l 64J3. 7*1 99?9. 

Grp 930 6123. 836 3962. 

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Iran says Iraq 
shot down 
passenger jet 

From Robert Fisk, Tehran 

A new and gloomy of the Shatt al-Arab. which 
precedent appeared to have suggests there are no immedi- 
been set in the Gulf War last ate plans for further advances. 

.-WW' IT' - i- |K.v 

■ . ^ : <- > < Vr 4:-.s> . jr. 

. r- ■ • . ■ ? -a ■ ■ . • 

■ iwtS 

'*■ ; 4' 1>i * 

night when, with a combina- 
tion of shock and anger, Iran 
claimed that Iraqi jets had 

Needless to say. the Iranian 
Government has spared no 
effort after its latest offensives 

■ ■ 
- j 

£78 i 



£10 i 

shot down a Fbkker Friend- jn contacting the vulnerable 
ship passenger aircraft cany- Arab Gulf states, ominously 

ing members of the Iranian 
Parliament and Ayatollah 

lecturing them on the benefits 
of neutrality while denying. 

Khomeini's personal repre- any territorial ambitions. 

sen tali ve to the Revolutionary 

There was initial confusion 
as to the type of aircraft 

Much publicity has been 
given here, for example, to a 
visit to Bahrain by Mr Husain 
Lavasanni, the Iranian For- 

involved, with Iraq saying eign Ministry's director geaer- 
that it had shot down a al for political affaire . Heis 
military Hercules Cl 30 plane, quoted as telling Sheikh Issa 
and the I ranians insisting it bin Salman a 1- Khali fa, the 
was a Fokker of the domestic Bahraini ruler, that if Iraq 
airline, Asseman. They said threatened Kuwait's territorial 
several members of the Majlis integrity, it would ''curtail the 
(Parliament) had been hands of the aggressors”, 
“martyred” when it had been -This was dearly Iran's way 
attacked by one or more Iraqi of warning Kuwait not to 

, /$cs«s 

GUARD ■■■• • ; - i 

£9 . ; j 



jet above Abwaz. 

allow Iraqi forces to launch 

Ima announced later that another counterattack from 
“by shooting down an Iranian Kuwaiti territory on Babiyan 
passenger plane, the Baghdad island, which lies just off the 
rulers added a new page to the Fao peninsula. 






criminal file of the Iraqi 

NICOSIA: The official 

regime in violating interna- Iraqi news agency quoted a 

tional conventions”. 

military spokesman as deny- 

The Iranians are now pre- ing the Iranian claim, saying 
senting their latest offensives that Iraqi air attacks were 
in less optimistic terms, refer- confined to military targets 
ring in newspaper headlines to (AP reports). 

Iraq's fierce counterattacks • VIENNA; An Ir anian sol- 
outside Fao. While insisting dier has died here of poison 
that these have been beaten gas injuries suffered in the war 
off. there is much talk in the with Iraq, and another died 
Tehran press of the Iranians while being flown to Vienna 
“consolidating” their posi- for treatment, according to 
tions on the tongue of Iraqi doctors and the Iranian Em- 
temiory they hold at the end bassy here (AP reports). 

BMA backs bid to ban 
tobacco-sports links 

More than £70 million a adult men and 32 per cent of 
year goes through Britain's women smoke, 41 per cent of 
shops in illegal sales of riga- Britain's secondary school 
reties to children, the British children are smokers. Dr John 
Medical Association claimed Dawson, head of the BMA's 
on the eve of today's attempt professional, scientific and in- 
in the Commons to ban tema tional affairs division, 
tobacco sponsorship of sport told a press conference in the 
(Stephen Goodwin writes). Commons. 

The BMA regards young The BMA is sponsoring the 
people as the most vulnerable Bill by Mr Roger Sims, Con- 
target of the annual £10 servative MP for Chislehurst, 
million worth of tobacco ad- which would phase out spon- 
vertising linked to sporting sorship of sporting events by 
hems. tobacco companies over three 

While only 36 per cent of years. 



* ' ' v-- • . 

Safety first Colin Sargent, MCCs assistant head coach, wears bask padding 

Counting the cost of safer cricket 

By Richard Streeton * Cricketers fast took to wear- aged regular use of foe boa 

For all the p rote c ti ve gear 
cricketers wear these days, 
Mike Gatting's horrendous ac- 
cident in Jamaica this week 
was a reminder of the lethal 
punishment a cricket ball can. 
inflict Gating, who is among 
those who dislike wearing a 
riser with their helmets, had 
his nose crashed when he 
missed an intended hook. 

Cricketers first took to wear- 
ing modern-type pads, gloves 
and boxes in 1835 after 
ronodann bowling was legal- 
ized, but other forms of protec- 
tion had been in use earlier. 

Two types of helmet, with 
either a Perspex visor or a 
metal grid, are the most recent 
innovation. It was not until 
1977-78, when Kerry Packer’s 
World Series Cricket encour- 

aged regular use of the bounc- 
er, that helmets became 

The chest protecta, forearm 
guard and thigh pad are also 
fairly recent innovations. In 
bygone days, though, when 
cricketers were more reticent 
about protective dothjnfr peo- 
ple often swathed towels 
around themselve V"”* 
their fianaeb to save as 
armour against the b«n 

Today's events 

Royal engagements 

Princess Anne visits Glenhow 
School, Sahbura by Sea, Cleve- 
land, 11.30; then visits Mile- 
stone Intermediate Treatment 
Project. Sunderland. 2.30; and 
later the Save the Children Fund 
shop; Gateshead, Tyne and 
Wear, 4.30. 


Music of the Netherlands, 
Wjgmore Hall, 36 Wigmore St, 
Wl. 7.3ft 

Piano recital by Bernard Rob- 
erts, Leicester University. 8. 

Concert by Northern Sinfonia 
of England, City Hall. Queen 
Victoria Sq, Hull, 7 JO. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra with Ju 
Hee Suh (piano), Guildhall, 
Portsmouth, 7.30- 

Concert by the London Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra, 7.45; trom- 
bone and guitar recital by Dave 
Jago & Bruce Knapp, 8 - 10 JO; 
the Riverside Cafe. The Royal 

Festival Hall, South Bank. 

! Concert by the Royal Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra. Barbican 
Hafl. 7.45. 

Concert by Halle Orchestra, 
Sheffield City Hall. 7 ja 
Concert by The London 
Sinfonietta. St George's HaD, 
Bradford, 7 JO. 

Organ recital by Robert 
Jones, St Paul’s Cathedral, 

Organ recital by David Cook, 
St Mary Abcfaurch, Abchurch 
Lane. EC4, 1. 

' Recital by students of the 
French Song Class, Guildhall 
School of Music and Drama. 
Barbican, EC2, 1.05. 

Recital by Stephen Hughes 

i (baritone), Sl Sepulchre's 
Church, EC!, 1.10. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Sinfonietta. Great HaD, Exeter 
University, 7.30. 

Recital by Cavatina, LIO;: 
Recital by Ivor Bolton (harosi-. 
chord). 7 JO; St James's. Picca- 

Recital by the McFariane 
String Quartet, Nottingham 
Playhouse, 1.05. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,975 


1 Sweets from doting relatives 
not socially acceptable (8). 

9 Compliments only in essays 

10 Indination to be in the pub, 
I assume (4). 

11 Full cost of ticket for a pas- 
sage (12). 

13 Peg — twe on the wheel (6). 

14 Twelve immense works are 
ascribed to him (8). 

15 About to be given beans? 
Push off (7). 

16 Flier in crash by a track (7). 

20 Table perhaps not wholly 

satisfying - not much there 

( 8 ). 

22 Belloc associated it with 
women and champagne (6X 

23 Did Isis feast badly? Not at 
all pleased (12). 

25 One trick with an image (4). 

26 The world of the weekly (8). 

27 Bringing up oysters for 
Sprinkling with flour (8). 


2 Neglectful love-letter (8). 

3 Dealers in cars? (1 2X ■ 

4 Rail in New Zealand needs 
non — tons remoulded (8). 

5 Drinks up with a man in a 
Greek song (7). 

6 What one may put before 
beer — spirit (6). 

7 Stone round a portico (4). 

8 By himseft in sad disorder 
— run down (8). 

12 Diagnosing a critic's 
occupation, to pul it another 
way (5.7). 

15 Rum is doe to be distilled 
from what's left after 
evaporation (8). 

17 Free to make one blunder 


18 Dress trouble about a dance 

( 8 ). 

19 Damned fortunate! (7). 

21 If s present on arrival (6). 

24 Black marketeer upsets the 

top brass (4). 

Solution of Puzzle No 10974 

■ 9 * * •s' n n 
Is s a-.a g h " 
ra n s ^ et 

T n 9 I* JI T 

anissra m ‘iiosHanss 
• ■ sr n . ■=> m 
, srwisrasTsa EisKusii 
1 R If 'p ? R 2 31 

m 9 m ■ t rr 

I-MS.5S5IIP55B ;;Twnr 

Talks, lectures, rilms 

Paul the church builder, by 
The Revd Malcolm Forrest, 
Liverpool Parish Church, Pier 
Head, 1.05. 

Rembrandt Self-portrait aged 
63, by Colin Wiggins, The 
National Gallery, Travalgar Sq, 
WC2, 1. 

Masterpieces of Persian, 
Turkish and Mughal painting, 
12; Manuscript treasures from 
India, both by Barbara Bread, 2; 
British Museum Gt Russel St, 

Oriental Sculpture, by John 
Reeve, British Museum, Gt 
Russel St. WCI. 11.30. 

The Unity of Medieval Art by 
Sir Erast Gombrich, Gustave 
Tuck Lecture Theatre, Univer- 
sity College, Gower St, WCI, 

An Introduction to Amateur 
Radio by the Radio Society of 
.Gt Britain, Science Museum, 
South Kensington. SW7, 230. 

Provincial Booksellers Fairs 
Association, today 2 to 8, to- 
morrow 10 to 5, Victoria 
Rooms, Queen's Rd. BristoL 

Children's Book Festival (for 
4 to 12 year- oklsX Accrington 
Town Hall, Lanrf. 2 to 5. 

June Redfera, artist in Res- 
idence, opens her studio to 
visitors. The National Gallery, 
Trafalgar Sq. WC2, 2 to4J0. 

Top Films 

The top box-office films in Lon- 

1 (-1 Spies LAn Us 

2 (-j Rocky 4 

3 (-2) A Chorus Line 

4 (-3) Back to the Future 

5 (-41 Mss of the Spider Woman 
6(-§ Teen Wolf 

7 (-7) Defences the Realm 
8(-9) My Beautiful Launderette 
9(10) Deathin a French Garden 
10(6) Year of the Dragon 
, The top ffma hi the provinces: 

1 Rocky 4 

2 Teen Woif 

3 Prtzzfs Honour 

4 Back to the Future 

5 A Chorus Line 

Stapl'd br Scnmt kmrmtkjnt 

Top video rentals 

1 1 Rsnttxx First Blood 
2(2 GhostbustBfs 

3 3 Gremlins 

4 (4 Beverty Hiis Cop 
Sn Neverending Story 
6 (6 The Terminator 
7(11 The Mean Season 
8(8 Into the Nigiit 
9(10) Rocky 3 

10(31 Mask 
SuppTied py 

I Food prices 


The continuing cold weather 
is affecting suppfies of many 
home- grown vegetables, 
particularly leeks, and this, of 
course, has resulted in higher 
prices. Brussels sprouts at 30- 
49p per pound, carrots 15-24p, 
leeks S0-80p, parsnips 25-35p. 
and Spring greens at 25-40p, are 
all dearer this week. Swedes at 
10-20p per pound, turnips 25- 
35p^rnd Savoy cabbage at 18- 
28 p are slightly 
cheaper. Potatoes, 8-I2p per 
pound and onions 12-20p, are 
from store, and mushrooms, at 
30-SSp a half pound, which are 
grown under controlled con- 
ditions. have not been 

Cox's apples, at 25-58p per 
pound and French Golden De- 
licious at 20-30 per pound are 
dearer this week but conierence 
pears, at 25-40 per pound, are a 
little cheaper. Cape red plums, 
50-68 per pound, are slightly 
dearer bat the Golden Kelsey 
and soogold are u n c h a ng ed. 
Citrus fruit is abundant and 
prices are stable. 

Chicken is becoming the 
nation's most popular meat 
according to the British Chicken 
Information Service. It seems 
we are doing ourselves a favour 
as it is low iu fat and high in un- 
saturated fatty adds, which 
reduces chlorestoraL Special 
meat offers at shops and super- 
markets are: Tesco Grade A 
frozen stuffed chicken, 55 p per 
pound, topside and silverstde of 
beef 1.86 per pound; Marks & 
Spencer butter- based turkey 
breast 2.44 per pound, and 
turkey breast with chestnut 
stuffing 1.94. Dewhurst and 
Baxters rump steak is 2.79 per 
pound, braising steak from 1.49 
per pound and Sainsbuxy fresh 
minced beef 88p per pound. 


-Bcsfy 10 rarmin w awwly conaraaacf 
because of a bint wafer mw on A3 
Street at junction with Ganatt Lane 
atveraorw- At 3 roediwricK tr aff i c <te u p- 
6on in Barking Brm - Southbound *- 





Palermo (AP) - Signor 
Michele Greco, widely be- 
lieved to be the top Sicilian 
Mafia leader, .was arrested 
yesterday, at a farmhouse 
about 24 miles firnn here. . 

Signor Tommaso Buscetta, 
8 known gangster turned po*: 
Uce informer, told authorities, 
that Signor Greco, aged 62 and 
known’ as “fi Papa" (the 
Pope), controlled the entire 
criminal syndicate hi Sicily 
and was the undisputed boss 

A police official at 
yesterday's arrest described it 
as the “most important .break 
in years” in die stale's fight 
against organized crime in 

The official, who spoke on 
condition Ire was not identi- 
fied, said Signor Greco served 
as chairman of the top Mafia 
directorate which operated a 
multi-billion dollar drag- 
smuggling operation from Ita- 
ly to the U& • • 

Police said his arrest came 
as part of a Sciiy-wide crack- 
down involving hundreds of 
policemen in which 24 otfaer 
Mafia suspects,. sympathizers 
and common criminals were 

Signor Greco and his broth- 
er Salvatore, nicknamed “the 
senator” aged 58 and also a 
convicted gangster at 
largejtave been strain since 
1982. They ; were .tried in 
absentia and sentenced to fife 
imprisonment in July 1984 for 
planning the 1983 car-bomb 
killing of an anti-Mafia judge. 
Signor Rocco Chhmka. 

The Greco brothers are 
among 474 defendants in the 
massive anti-Mafia trial which 
began here on February 10. 

Signor Greoo is charged 
with ordering a string of 
killings including the 1982 
assassination of General Carlo 
Alberto Dalla Chiesa, Italy's 
top anti-Mafia tighter, and his 
wife. He is also charged with 

drug t rafficking and c riminal 


The Greco b ro t h ers are the 
sons of Signor G iu s e ppe Gre- 
co, who dominated the Sicil- 
ian underworld throughout 
the 1950s. 



A ridge of high pressure 
across the S wfll weaken as a 
frontal trough motes south- 
wards across N areas. 

6am to miihdgbt . 

Parliament today 

Comniofl$(9.3G):CiviI Pro- 
tection in peacetime Bill (sec- 
ond reading). Tobacco 
products (sports sponsorship) 
Bill, and other private 
members' Bills. 

The pound 

,LondoR'SE£M N£W En0md£ 
'Anglfs, Midlands, Charm*! 
Mrnutt, S . WMam Manly dry with 
sunny periods after early fog 
patches; isolated snow showers; 
wind variable fight max temp: 3C 

E RGdsJf WafesJfW.Can NJIE 
F ntf a n d.1 M re PtefajWe of Man: 

Fog in pfaces tWnrong sk?wly. 
becoming ckxxty with some snow; 
wind vanabte becoming W fight 

Seofewt O l M fiOiE CfcxxJy wfth 
occasional snow, becoming dearer 
and drier , wind W veering NW; max 

Abar riowi . Cn HlgM fe t daJ Woray 
Firth, NE.NW 

Seo«*ndJfcrgyfl,0»tai*y^h*t t* mfc 
Showers, heavy and prolonged at 
times. With some drifting; wind NW 
moderate fa creatih g fresh or 
strong; max temp: 3C (37F). 

High Tides 

Births: John Henry Newman, 
cardinal, London, 1801; Lte 
Delibes, composer, St Germain 
du Val, 1836; Ananst von 

Delibes, composer, St Germain 
du Val, 1836; Angnst von 
Wassermnn. bacteriologist, 
Bamberg, Germany, 1866; 
George Lanstary, leader of the 
Labour Party 1931-35, near 
Lowestoft, 1859. 

Deaths: Baracb Spinoza, 

S ' “ Jpber, The Hague. 1677; 

TolL agricultural writer, 
near Hungerford. Berk- 
shire.! 741; Nikolay Gogol. 
Moscow, 1852. 


Raws for seal danorat nl o n bank nfen 
onty as suppScd &r Barct a ys Bank PLC. 
Dtnerent rates apphr to travellers' 
cteoues and ettiar terelyj currency 

fletsa Price Index: 378.9 

^ Tf* FTtadss ckised down 1 


l oe de w 5 i >3 pm to 8^1 an 
Bristol GJDBpm taBAl am 
Edtaburiyi 5»p™ to &5B an 
Handhaaferent pmto«A3am 
Penzance 6-20 pm to R50 an) 

Snow Reports 

The Concise Crossword is on page 10 

r— T-f 







L U Piste 


St Anton 95 300 fer 

New snow on hard base 

IsolaMOO 200 260 good 

Excellent skiing on an pistes 
LaPtagne IK 300 


Megeve 80 170 good 

New snow, perfect dnefitrong 
Morans 100 200 good 

Good siting on Kgh slopes 


Courmayettf 1 125 280 good 

Exceflent snow conditions 

Andermatt 65 170 good 

New snow on hard base 
Davos 100 16 O good 

Good skiteg on an slopes 
Murren 70 170 good 

Superb doing on fresh snow 
VBJars 130 250 good 

Hew . snow on hard base 

Conditions Weather 

Off Runs to (5pm) 
Piste resort 

powder good ' fine 

powder good fine 

good ppwder sun 

powder good fine 

railed good fine 

varied good slot 

varied good fine 

powder good fine 

powder good fine 

powder good fine 















. 3 37 







-• S 


3 37 



3 37 



















Sun Rain 


las in 





38 sunny - 



37 stxvry 

- OOI 


38 snow 

1 X X 


X X 

33 001 


37 lad 


23 - 


37 snow 

1 4.1 - 


36 snow 

> 04 - 


as snow 

J zs . 


37 snow 

43 - 


41 snow 

; 44001 


39 snow 

37 - 


37 BKW 

- 39 - 


34 snow 

1 37 .15 


38 snow 

1 J 9 - 


37 snow 

r - -03 


34 snow 

Ol - 


39 bctgnt r 

39 cloudy .1 

- - 




4 i fid 



43 Dowsre 

0.7 005 


37 laf 

31 OJK 


39 snow 

Ol 002 


39 mow 



32 snow 

> -002 


36 snow 



38 worn 


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