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No 62,389 




TUESDAY FEBRUARY 25 1986 





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‘Opponents shot outside palace’ 

Marcos regime in 




Tory pltfi to 
emphasize 
private health 
services 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 


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From David Watts ' 

■ Manila 

The beleaguered Philip- 
pines regime of President 
Marcos appeared to be in its 
death throes last night with 
the President stQi issuing or- 
ders from his palace for at- 
tacks on his opponents, even 
though his authority seemed 
to be diminishing hourly. 

Early today shooting was 
reported outside the presiden- 
tial palace, with some opposi- 
tion supporters said to have 
been injured. 

Late last night the isolated 
President ordered his Scout 
Rangers to attack the military 
camp occupied by troops sup- 
porting the Defence Minister, 
Mr Juan Ponce Enrile, and the 
police chief. General Fidel 
Ram os. The camp was sur- 
rounded by thousands of civil- 
ians from the People's Power 
Movement nying to prevent 
violence. 

In a last-minute television 
appeal General Ramos tried to 
get the attack order cancelled 
and, flanked by 10 deserting 
officers from the -Rangers, 
called on others to leave and 
accused Mr Marcos of putting 
their commander under du- 
ress to cany out the operation. 
Regular updates on - troop 
movements were being made 
over what used- to be the 
Government television sta- 

TOE ■iSBite TIMES 

Tomorrow 

End of the 
line Jo-'V 


Hong Kong officials have re- 
fused to identify a woman ml 
two children who arrived unex- 
pectedly from Manila by air 
last night and woe fnter- 
viewed by hu migrati on officers 
(David Bonavia writes from 

Hong Kong). There is specula- 
tion that the group . 

tion m Manila until tbe re- 
formist military offices took 
h over rn the middle of a 
televised speech by-Mr Mar- 
cos. 

The attack was expected on - 
the eve of Mrs Corazon 
Aquino's “People's _ 
proclamation" as the 
country's new President, 
which coincides with Mr 
Marcos’s own inauguration 
ceremony. The ceremony is 
expected to be a family affair 

at Malacanang Palace with no : 
foreign diplomats invited 

In the interests of making 
her government legitimate as 
soon as possible, Mrs Aquino 
has not had time to prepare 
invitations. Once tbe ceremo- 
ny is finished, Mrs Aquino, 
who has already announced' 
that she is preparing to form a 
provisional government is 
expected to make appoint- 
ments quickly. 

The White House has given 
a warning that Mr Marcos 
must step down and that if 


Mrs IineMa Marcos one 
of her adopted chiktren. 

The Government arid, how- 
ever, that the woman was not 
related to President Marcos or 
his aOy General Fabian Ver. 
Hong Knag win let the three 
stay for seven days. The three 
crew of the aircraft have asked 
to retail to Manila. 

there is .any use of weapons 
against civilians American 
military aid will be cut oft 

The European Economic 
Community last night ex- 
pressed concern at reported 
troop movements and called 
’ on those responsible to avoid 
the shedding of blood among 
brothers and sisters. The state- 
ment came soon after mortar 
and machine gun attacks were 
reported on the Catholic radio 
: station Veritas. 

The President had over- 
night become almost a forgot- 
ten man holed up in his palace 
with his Army chief. Lieuten- 
ant Fabian Ver, issuing orders 
for attacks which can only 
mean civilian casualties while 
publicly pretending to try to 
avoid bloodshed. 

Mr Marcos yesterday or- 
dered strafing and mortar 
attacks on Camp Crame, 
which contains many civil- 
ians. Fortunately- servicemen 
never carried them out. He 


also ordered a curfew from 
6pm to 6am, which was largely 
ignored 

In a telephone interview 
with a tdcvisoa station Mr 
Marcos called on bis loyalists 
to go to the palace with their 
guns — “We wiD show that we 
have people power, too." The 
telephone line was constantly 
cut off for some strange rea- 
son. 

There were isolated out- 
breaks of fighting yesterday at 
the airport where Mr Marcos's 
Minister of Information. Mr 
Gregorio Cendana, was said to 
have been arrested. There was 
fighting near the palace and 
during the takeover of the 
government radio station, 
which was captured and sub- 
sequently stopped broadcast- 
ing during a televised speech 
by the President. Considering 
the high tension, it was sur- 
prising that there were no 
more outbreaks. 

Flights at Manila airport 
were disrupted after five Si- 
korsky Blackhawk helicopters 
from Camp Crame attacked 
and destroyed five helicopters 
on the ground at the adjoining 
Viliam or air base. 

One of tbe Blackhawks also 
fired rockets at the presiden- 
tial palace 

The helicopters, together 
with F5 jet fighters, give the 
Ramos-Enrile faction a dis- 
tinct military advantage. 


US set to fly out President 

From Michael Binyoa, Washington 

- The Reagan Admin istra- tain and direct the crisis, however that this was a “rela- 




UM iiUl 

. — jm i 




Do the caring 
professions have the 
right attitude to 


tion. after formally calling, on 
President Marcos to hand 
over power to a transitional, 
/government was on high alert 
i yesterday monitoring tbe cri- 
-sis irrtheFhflippines. ... 

Throughout the day it sent 
messages tothe Marcos Gov- 
ernmera and to the opposition 
groups.;;: t . S . 

There are dehr hints here 


beyond urging all parties to 
refrain from -violence. • 

On Sunday Mr Reagan 
warned President Marcos 
that if his fences attacked the. 
rebel soldiers. US military aid 
would .be immediately cut off 

Reports, photographs • 7 


jnerc we ciear mnis nere TVt»T-v np»«lr») - f) 

522 L* ' --ir 

preparmroastb fly-Mr Marcos : ■ 

out ofthe country if and when - .v~ 

he asks. - The State Department said 

: After a strong predawn ft bad still hot received any. 
statement -from ' the'. White invitation to th& inauguration 
House, officials here said little - ofPresident Marcos, due lobe 
about the US efforts to con-, held today. It understood 


lively private affair”. . 

There are clear signs here . ___ 

that no one seriously expects If my* 
this now to take place. llll ltfV IV 

The State Department a «. 

spokesman insisted tfiat there ftinv jiff 
was no threat to ifaeUS bases ■ a il Jf Ui 1* 
from the crisis in the Philip- 1 

pines. He said that the US DFGSS u2Q 

would do whatever it could to F 1 F 

assure thesajefy of Mr Marcos - 

andhis»0F. :v -*•: lor pou - 

. ' Mr^Phiifo' -Habib; Jht US V * . * 

special envoy, who is under- By Richard Evans 
stood to have discussed plans • Lobby Reporter 
for Mr Marcos's departure M w _ — . 

while in the Philippines. 

briefed Congress yesterday af- Executive 

ternoon. Committee will come under 

strong pressure tomorrow to 
lift the hao on speaking to 
News Internationa] journalists 
during the Fulham by-election 
campaign. 

The boycott is proving in- 
creasingly awkward for senior 
Labour figures. Yesterday Mr 
John Prescott, Labour's chief 
employment spokesman, visit- 
ed Fulham to support tbe 
party's prospective candidate. 

— — — — — - — v — a (Mil v to hp faced w irtt aft 

was backed by 60 per cent of embarrassing choke: to an- 
thwe voting. However, the swrqSSs from lie Times 


The Queen is escorted by an official to a children's show af- 
ter an egg hit her coat at the start of her visit to Auckland. 
Fall story and photographs, page 32 



Head teachers to 
close schools 







. ^ ■■ 


The Times Ptirtfotte daily 
competition prize rf £2,000 
was won yesterday by Dr Eric; 
Cole of Darfingtan. Portfolio 
list, page 20; how to play, 
tofonaatton service, page 32^ 

Tebbit tells of 
bombing plains 

Mr Norman Tebbit has de- 
scribed how he uses work. 10 
dull the pain and the memo- 
ries of the "Brighton bombing 
18 months ago which HI his 
wife almost totally paralysed 
nge3 

Red carpet 

Two delegates from the La- 
bour Party will be among 
others from left-wing Europe- 
an parties granted equal states 
with foreign Communists as 
guests at the 27th Soviet party 
congress opening in Moscow 
today Page 8 

New BL clash 

Mr Edward Heath accused Mr 
Norman Tebbit, Conservative 
Party chairman, of being be- 
hind the attack on bis speech 
opposing a General Motors 
takeover of BL Page 2 

Data date 

The offices of the Data Protec- 
tion Registrar; where people 
can discover what informa- 
tion companies have stored 
about than on computers, 
opened yesterday - Page 2 

Eight changes 

After the debacle of 
MurrayfieTd. England have, 
made eight changes and intro- 
duced two new caps. Gough 
and Richards, for the game 
against Ireland at Twieken- 
>Uam on Saturday . Page 27 


By Lacy Hodges, Education 
From Christopher Walker CoiTesp<»dei»t 

Moscow . ; Head leacheis in England 

Tass yesterday issued a and Wales have voted to close 
scathing dismissal of Pres*- **°°k at lunchtime for up to 
dent Reagan's response to the a week ,n support of their 
Soviet Union’s sweeping pro- campaign for new arrange- 

i.’ f- . i- - . ■■ > . mMfc fm- cnnaruinMnnliiMrM 


The majority supporting a 
one day a week lunchtime 
closure was also small, S0.57 
per cent, while the proposal 
for a single one day closure 


posals for etinanating nuclear 
weapons by the year 2,000, 
which were first announced by 
Mr Gorbachov more than five 
weeks ago. .. 

In a report from W ashing - 
ton, the. agency state*fc“The 
reply. . which . constitutes a 
propaganda stra te ge m de- 
signed to justify Washington’s 
unwillingness to take real 


l < [m 1 » > rirTT-a > rn^riTi rri ■ 


the world of the threat , 
nudearannihilatioa, also phr- 
sues the aim ; of drvermig 
attention from, the Soviet 


S Adminstration's. course 
towards further spirallmg tbe 
aims race”. 

The US counter-proposals, 
contained in a personal letter 
.from Rrerident Reagan deliv- 
ered to the Fbneign Ministry 
here on Sunday, were also 
attacked on Sovtet television 
fry . a leading commentator, 
Boris Kalyagm, who said they 
contained “practically nothing 
of a constr u c ti v e character”. 

In its report, Tass com- 
plained about the .limited 
scope ofthe US reply, which it 
said refexredonly fo medium- 
xange misstles and did not 
loach on the question of 
strategicaansL . 

Tie formal Soviet response 
is expected to be spelt out later 
today, when Mr Gorbachov 
divers his keynote address to 
titei^oiiqgsession ofthe 27th 
Confess of the Soviet Com- 

mimKt Party, 

Brftaab»cksUS,page7 


merits for supervising children 
at midday. 

Such action would be tbe 
first that head teachers have 
taken nationally, and the shut- 
down will take place before 
March 14. It is likely in the first 
instance to amount to a one- 
day closure of all schools at 
lunchtime. 

A ballot by the National 
Association of Head Teachers 
of its 20.000 members found 
majorities in favour of closing 
schools at lunchtime for just 
one day, one day a week, and 
for one whole - week. But the 
majority for- a- week-long clo- 
sure was very small: 50.48 per 
cent. 


* *>•«>* 


m 




ballot found a majority 
against closing schools at 
lunchtime for limited periods 
or indefinitely. 

Mr David Hart, general 
secretary of the head teachers* 
asociation. said the objective 
of the action was to get the 
local authority employers to 
the negotiating table and agree 
a national agreement for su- 
pervising pupils at midday. 

His association objects to 
the Government's £40 million 
scheme that enables local 
education authorities to em- 
ploy supervisors, who do not 
have to be teachers, at locally 
negotiated rates. • 

The association wants a 
national scheme with teachers 
working as senior supervisors 
and- being paid £8 an hour. It 
also wants head teachers to be 
paid for looking after pupils at 
lunchtime. 

Head teachers will be ad- 
vised rather than instructed to 
close their schools. 

The Government had for 
too long been relying on heads 
to "pull the fat out of the fire” 
over a collapsing supervision 
.system, but headteachers had 
now had enough. “If the 
Government wants a school 
meals service and wants chil- 
dren supervised properly at 
midday, then they have got to 
pay for it,” lie said. 

The association estimates 
that , a national scheme, in- 
cluding teachers supervising 
at lunchtime, would cost 
£H4milIion. 

Merger plan, page 2 


Chambers ‘divided’ over Hailsham 


_ . - ByFrances Gibb ■ , to represent the Bar in this 

Legal Affairs Correspondent unprecedented jegal action. 
The doab&edttd job of '-Mr Sydney Kentridge, QG 
representing the Lord Chan- : The chambers also boast the 
cdfer hi ffie fortbetoning legal memberahlp of ‘the chairman 
action against -■the" Bar has of the BarJVlr Robert Atexan- 


■1 *Zs 


Hoot News 1-4 

Overseas 5.7,8 
A puts 1421 
Arts 15 

Bri dee 14 
Bbhkss 17-21 

Court 14 

Crosswords 1032 

Ota* “ 
Events 32 
Fcarares 10-1 7 
In Report 21 


Laden 1 . 13 
Leners. .13 
Obtoiaiy M 
Parhanat 4 
Safe Room -14 
Sdesce .• H | 
5m Reports 32 
Sport 25-77 
Timms ' . 31 
TV A &aSo 31 
I Mv a a fo' " 14 
Wesab a 32 


foUmtoMr^&hohs Phillips dec, QC, in whose name the 
QC. If wffl be down to hini to le^l proceedings. In which 
pid- the- case for- Lord "Lord Haffsfaasi.is accused of 
HaSsbamwbtr has refused not acting filially, . are. being 


only to aoetae ftei Us 


brought - 

Let there should be fears 


* * * * 


bmrnU jiqt eftti negotiate fee -that the whole matter took) be 
issue. sewn u^ **in boose" his clerk 

' By eoiaddence, Afr FIA'. said yesterday that steps have 
lips, at*. 4& ooe of .die most - been, token “to easure absolute 
sought-after co nu g eiete l sllks, * confidentiality to both Sides." 
is in the same dbarabera ,- 1 Id fact, the chambers are split 


Brick Court, astheiilk duteen 


between a number of buildings 


and jnst to make sme aaocher 
dak bu been appointed for 
Mr Phillips. 

Mr PhOlips. chairman of 
tbe goveiors of Bryanstoa 
School, came to prodtinefioe 
recently as chairman of die' 
commirtee - which 

recomiMfldedradical propos- 
als for streamlining tbe work, 
of the commercial court They 
will be debated by epaunerdai 
lawyers and jw^es at a speddl * 
meeting chaired by the-Master 
ofthe RoUs^flniK&t 
. The Lord Cbauceffor also 
faces. legal proceedings from 
the Law Society over Ids 
decision to limit the rise for 




I Kinnock | Pound and 

shares 
continue 
advance 

The pound jumped by near- 
ly 2 cents against the dollar 
yesterday, to $ 1 .4635. and was 
gaining further ground in New 
York last night The pound's 
strength and hopes that next 
month's Budget will bring 
lower base rates lifted share 
prices to new highs. 

Sterling's rise came despite 
a drop in North Sea oil prices 
to less than $14 a barrel. The 
pound held steady against the 
European currencies, and the 
sterling index rose 0.4 to 74.9. 
Last night in New York, the 
pound was quoted at $1.4685. 

Share prices continued their 
record run. The Financial 
Times 30-share index closed 
19.2 points up at IJL75.2. 
Encouraging economic fore- 
casts from the London Busi- 
ness School and the 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry helped fuel share buy- 
ing. 

There are growing hopes 
that the Budget on March 1 8 
will herald a series of moves 
towards cheaper money in 
Britain. Money market inter- 
est rates edged down, and 
some dealers believe that a 
half-point reduction in base 
rates from the current 12.5 per 
cent could take place. 

However, most City dealers 
expect the Chancellor to wait 
until around Budget day be- 
fore cutting rales, when a 
reduction would compensate 
for what are expected to be 
only modest tax cuts. 

Details, page 17 


Tenpenny 
victory 
for Fowler 

By Philip Webster 

Tbe 10p increase m child 
benefit announced yesterday 
represented a victory for Mr 
Norman Fowler, the Secretary 
of State for Social Services, 
over the Treasury. 

The increase was double i 
what most Conservatives had 
expected and averted a 
backbench rebellion. 

The Treasury was believed 
by some MPs to have argued 
that the change was so small as 
to be not worthwhile. 

Mr Nigel Forman, MP for 
Carshalton and Wallington, 
said tbe married man's tax 
allowance had been increased 
by 17 per cent in real terms, 
while child benefit, before 
yesterday's announcement 
had decreased by 3 per cent in 
real terms. 

Mr Michael Meacher, 
Labour's chief spokesman on 
social security, described the 
child benefit increase as 

^Mr" ffobin Corbett Labour 
QC .has nine silks, among. MP for Eidington, said that 
mem .Mr Nicholas LyeU, QC the 40p-a-week increase for a 
MP. now parliamentary pr£ single person's pension would 
Wrte secretary to the Attorney purchase about six eggs. 
General, Sir Michael Havers. Toegher rales, page2 

QC Parliament, page 4 

& • < 


Leading Conservatives dis- 
closed yesterday that the party 
was considering a drive to 
reform the National Health 
Service, with a greater empha- 
sis on private care and new 
charges for those able to pay. 

The disclosure in planning 
for the next election manifesto 
came as Downing Street 
sources confirmed yesterday's 
report in The Times that a 
schools voucher system was 
being considered in an at- 
tempt to give parents greater 
choice in their children's edu- 
cation. 

It was also confirmed that 
the Prime Minister was keen 
to create a system of direct 
grant primary schools, partic- 
ularly in the inner cities. 

A senior Whitehall source 
said that the thinking for the 
next Parliament was th^t a 
voucher system, under which 
parents would be given credits 
to the value of a state educa- 
tion and which could be spent 
in the private sector, would 
help to reintroduce choice, 
competition and excellence 
into schools. 

The voneber system, now 
being called credit or access 
schemes, was last mooted by 
the Secretary of Slate for 
Education and Science, Sir 
Keith Joseph, in 1982 but was 
dropped a year later. 

Senior Conservatives, dear- 
ly delighted by the Times 
report, said yesterday that the 
National Health Service was 
another target for reform. 

It was said that one idea 
killed by Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher during the 1979 and 
1983 election campaigns, the 
introduction of boarding 
charges for well off hospital 
patients, was being re-exam- 
ined. 

But a range of options are 
now being considered to in- 
crease the privatization of 
health care. Mr Norman 
Tebbit, now party chairman, 
said last November that there 
were, already five million peo- 
ple with private health insur- 
ance. 

He said then: “The esential 
of the National health Service 
is not so much who provides 
the service but that tbe patient 


Hentage finance flaw 


at a publicized press confer- 
ence or in effort to rum a 
meeting arranged to boost the 
candidate's campaign. 

Mr Prescott, who discussed 
the problem privately with Mr 
Nick Ruynsford, the prospec- 
tive candidate, decided reluc- 
tantly and with evident 
discomfort to go ahead with 
the press conference and to 
answer questions. 

“You know the dilemma. 
Yon know it as well as I do. 
The reality is that I am 
talking, aren't I?” Mr Prescott 
said. 

Although the writ for tbe 
Fulham by-election is yet to be 
moved, campaigning is already 
under way in the sooth-west 
1 London constituency. Labour, 
which has in Mr Raynsford a 
, first-class candidate, is hope- 
ful of overco ming a Conserva- 
tive majority of under 5,090 at 
the last general election. . 

Bar the last tiling Mr 
Raynsford or senior party 
spokesmen want is their cam- 
paign damaged and overshad- 
owed by a refusal to speak to 
certain journalists. The NEC 
is thus expected to discos^ 
lifting the ban for future 
parliamentary by-elections. 

Mr Raynsford insisted yes- 
terday that be bad a responsi- 
bility as a by-election 
candidate to put over Labour's 
point of view to all journalists 
— "And I shall do that" 

Continued page 2 col 2 


The Historic Buildings and 
Monuments Commission said 
yesterday that it had been 
forced to revise and tighten its 
financial procedures after the 
disclosure of irregularities 
within its marketing division 
The commission, which is 
also known as English Heri- 
lage. was established in April 
N84 to take over the historic 
buildings responsibilities of 
the Department of the Envi- 
ronment 


m 3 c 

ofi a 


should not be denied treat- 
ment because be cannot pay 
for it” 

Mr Tebbit. who is expected 
to take charge of the next 
election manifesto, also said at 
a party conference fringe 
meeting in 1982: “A natural 
consequence of higher person- 
al disposable incomes should 
be a willigness to spend more 
of one’s own income on 
medical services”. 

Tax concessions on contri- 
butions to private health care 
cannot be ruled out as part of 
the package, and it is possible 
that private management 
could be introduced to Na- 
tional Health Service hospi- 
tals. 

Downing Street sources also 
said yesterday that, in addi- 
tion to a voucher system and. 
direct grant primary schools 
for the inner cities, the Prime 
Minister would like to see 
business and commerce 
putting back into society some 
of their profits, perhaps in the 
form of school foundations. 

The strong drive on Conser- 
vative policy will hearten the 
Conservative right wing. But 
the Conservative “wets” were 
already preparing their contin- 
gency resistance plans and the 
Opposition parties will try to 
exploit public fears about the 
unknown. 

Mr Clemen! Freud, the 
Liberal spokesman on educa- 
tion, said last night “By 
talking about tbe reincarna- 
tion of direct grant schools 
and vouchers the Govern- 
ment is doing a tremendous 
disservice to the education 
sector and delivering a sub- 
stantia] insult to the teachers”. 
• Cuts in the number of 
medical academics had had 
only a marginal effect on 
health services, even though 
230 posts had been frozen or 
abolished since 1981, the 
Government said yesterday in 
reply 10 a Commons social 
services select committee re- 
port (our Social Services Cor- 
respondent writes). 

UGC cuts and Medical Ser- 
vices Repon: Follow-up Observa- 
tions by the Government on the 
Third Report from the Social 
Services Committee (Stationery 
Office; £1.35). 


;n’ r 

or * n ^- 

ai cJaij^f! 

De» S 
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mings P 05 
ut a ■*** 1 
?re gi' 5ldc 
junds.' olc 
tker. Pres 
>t Susan* 
■wn Ccsaic 
o claiiouli 

id atfnd 
offsfiy • 
y run isuii 

id he le > 
h noise 1 
compile 
’Onunu op 
e casenoc 
as der the 
obtair IT 
on. I or 
said ten 1 . 

/ to ys a 
tut it par 
it instse f 
nd pro op 
■gh liv.Uec 
■y Mr icki 
»r the alio 
! the etieci 
irised ia p 
imselffror 

indent 
ds prcietr 

' a Ce 

■e a d at 
le oCii Ve 
ut inxih 
e deli' 
e said, 
seem if — 
a gullCM 

lat he 
he pas 
rec Lh< 

:rol of 

■uctior 
a poy 
ening 
e met! 
ier. • 
s toda 


It has a budget from the 
Exchequer this year of £62 
million. 

The commission said that 
reports of overspending were 
based on material from its 
own internal auditors' repon. 
Twelve separate audits had 
been carried out last year, and 
the marketing division was 
the only area in which signifi- 
cant weaknesses had ‘been 
discovered. 


UNBEATABLE OFFER 


yourI^ M0NTHLY 

1 st paymehtJBM*-" * 

AND NOTHING TO REPAY UNTIL 



legal aid work to five per cent 
The preliminary application 
seeking leave to bring tbe 
action will be beard tomorrow. 

- The Law Society 's solicitors 
Ward Bowie and Co, have 
chosen Mr Robert Carowath, 
QC (not, this time, of 1 Brick 
Conn, tat of 2 Paper Budd- 
ings) for the job of patting its | 
ease. 

The ' chambers, which are 
beaded by Mr Plillip Owes, 
QC .fins nine silks, among 


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. . - t Se!‘ rmptd.ri wiits”* -litfrud irnsnini bro«m*J> . 



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SOWnMOTEUAint 


be OX wrfr, UK - Sy wtlesa , fogte best/ 










26 

CF 


jHUMJt NfcWS 


THE TIMES TUESDAY FEBRUARY 2D 1980 


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on payments 
accompany 
benefit rises 

By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services Correspondent 


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Pensions and other social 
security benefits are to rise by 
1.1 per cent in July, with an 
extra 5p for child benefit 
taking the weeklv payments to 
£7. 1 Op. 

But at the same time the 
Government is proposing 
much tougher rules on single 
payments for items such as 
. furniture, cookers and cloth- 
ing for those on supplemen- 
tary benefit The rules are 
aimed at cutting by about £80 
million a year the steeply 
rising bill for single payments. 

• The pension and other in- 
creases come as the Govem- 
' mem is moving the annual 
uprating date for benefit in- 
creases from November to 
April by having an increase 
this July followed by one in 
April next year. 

The rises take a single 
person's pension up by 40p to 
£38.70 and the pension for a 
couple up by 65p to £61.30. 

Child benefit which on the 
formula used would have 
risen by only 5p after the LI 
per cent rise in inflation 
between last May and Janu- 
ary. is to go up by lOp. 
restoring 5p of the 35p cut in 
its real value that was made 
last November. 

Those on supplementary 
benefit lose marginally be- 
cause their increase will be 
only 1.1 percent instead of the 
L2 per cent they should have 
received after housing costs 
were taken into account 
- That, and a decision not to 
increase the extra weekly pay- 
ments made to people on 
supplementary benefit with 
the exception of a 1 Op rise in 
the higher rate of heating 
addition for the very old. the 
severely disabled and those 
with homes that are hard to 
heat will save £19 million in a 
full year. 

With changes in housing 
benefit rules and payments to 
those aged 21 to 24. another 
£12 million a year will be 
saved. 

That saving of £31 million 
is offset by the £25 million 
being spent on raising child 
benefit by I Op instead of 5p. 

The most controversial 
changes, however, are the 
proposed restrictions on single 


as 


payments for items such 
furniture. 

Mr Antony Newton. Minis- 
ter for Social Security, said 
such one-off payments had 
risen from under one million 
in 198 1 to more than four 
million Iasi year, the cost 
rising from £45 million a year 
to more than £300 million. 

There was some evidence of 
fraud and abuse, he said, with 
people claiming that large 
quantities of clothing had 
been stolen or damaged in 
launderettes: take-up cam- 
paigns by focal authorities had 
helped to raise the bill. 

Under the Government's 
proposals, which have been 
sent to the Social Security 
Advisory Committee for com- 
ment. people in general will no 
longer be able to claim for 
furniture, cookers, washing 
machines or other expensive 
household items unless they 
have recently moved house 
for a good reason. 

National standard sums will 
be fixed for the items that can 
be provided— for example. 
£150 for a cooker or £65 for a 
single bed. In addition, 
present rules that allow people 
to claim for all sons of minor 
items from irons to hot water 
bottles wilt be replaced by a 
single £25 sum to cover all 
such items. 

Bedding will be available 
only to those with good reason 
to move, or to the elderly, sick 
and disabled. 

• The London Borough of 
Camden claimed in the High 
Court yesterday that the new 
bed and breakfast regulations 
are costing its ratepayers 
£30,000 a week. 

It is asking Mr Justice 
McPherson to rule the regula- 
tions unlawful and award the 
council damages. 

Mr Richard Drabble, for the 
council, said Camden was 
under a duty to provide 
accommodation for the home- 
less and those in need. Bui the 
maximum fixed by the regula- 
tions was unreasonably low. 

He claimed that the minis- 
ter erred when he put the 
regulations before Parliament 
by publishing details of the 
regulations separately. 

The hearing continues. 


Editors seek race 
legislation safeguards 


By Frances Gibb, 

The Home Office is to 
consider redrafting proposals 
under the Public Order Bill 
after newspaper editors ex- 
pressed concern that they will 
be at risk of prosecution over 
articles on racism. 

The Guild of British News- 
paper Editors protested that 
they could be prosecuted for 
possessing solicited or unso- 
licited material of a racially 
inflammatory nature which 
had been kept either for their 
records or for articles 

The Bill extends the offence 
of incitement to racial haired 
to the publication or distribu- 
tion of material likely or in- 
tended to stir up racial hatred. 

The editors were concerned 
that the Bill contained no 
safeguard, as did the offence of 
incitement to racial hatred 


Legal Affairs Correspondent 


under the Race Relations Act, 
1976. which included the qual- 
ifying phrase, “having regard 
to all the circumstances". 

Home Office officials said 
they were “exploring the pos- 
sibility of returning to some- 
thing rather closer" to the 
original phrasing. 

No change of policy was 
intended in the redrafting, nor 
would the Press be placed in a 
different position. Under the 
Public Order BilL the courts 
would have to consider any 
possible offence in the context 
of the publication as a whole. 

In a letter to the guild, the 
Home Office said: “We are 
anxious not to give the im- 
pression. however wrongly, 
that all the surrounding cir- 
cumstances cannot be taken 
into account". 



Spitfire pilots relived old battles 
yesterday as they began celebrating 
the fiftieth anniversary of the 
aircraft which became tbe symbol of 
British defiance of the Luftwaffe 
during the Second World War. 
Fifteen men who flew tbe aircraft 
then met at the RAF Club in 
London. 

The anniversary is on March 5. 
with fly-pasts over London and 


Eastleigh, Hampshire, where the 
aircraft was first built, and 
yesterday's gathering was the first 
of many r aising the aircraft. 

Mr Jeffrey Quill, w-fao flew the first 
Spitfire in 1936 and became chief 
test pilot, said: “The Spitfire had 
the edge over other aircraft." 

Group Captain Hugh “Cocky" 
Don das was shot down twice, but 
recorded 10-12 hits of bis own. “If 


anything ever went wrong with die 
aircraft, it was my fault; not the 
Spitfire's," he said. Air Marshal 
Sir Denis Crowley-Milling added 
that “you felt part of the aircraft". 
At tbe get-together (front row, from 
left) are Group Captain Laddie 
Lucas, Wing Commander Paddy 
Barthropp, Air Chief Marshal Sir 
Harry Broadhnrst, Mr . Quill, 
Group Capra*" Duncan Smith and 


Air Chief Marshal Sir NeO 
Wheeler; (back row, from left) Air 
Commodore PeterJJrothers, Wing 
Commander Geoffrey Page, Cap- 
tain George Baldwin, Air Commo- 
dore AI Deere, Group Captain 
Brian Kingcome, Captain “Winkle 
Brown, Air Marshal Sir Denis 
Crowley-Milling and Group Cap- 
tain “Cats Eyes" Cunningham 
(Photograph: John Maiming). 


Hurd says 
no reform 
for police 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 
Correspondent 

Proposed reforms of police 
disciplinary measures were 
rejected by Mr Douglas Hurd, 
file Home Secretary, at a 
meeting with Mr Christopher 
Smith, Labour MP for Isling- 
ton South and Finsbury, yes- 
terday. 

Four of the five alleged 
victims of an assault, with 
which four policemen were 
charged on Sunday, were also 
due to meet Mr Hud yester- 
day, but it was thought inap- 
propriate in the 
circumstances. 

Mr Smith said Mr Hurd 
refused to consider a review of 
police disciplinary measures. 
I was disappointed at his 
reluctance to consider the 
system of discipline and 
complaint" 

He said the Home Secretary 
also refnsed his request to 
make the Police Complaints 
Authority, which uses police 
officers to cany out investiga- 
tions, folly independent Mr 
Hurd ruled out any change in 
the nature of the evidence 
needed before any disciplinary 
action could be taken. 

Mr Smith said he wanted 
Mr Hard to consider changing 
the test of the evidence needed 
for disciplinary measures, but 
not criminal prosecutions, 
from “beyond reasonable 
doubt” to “a balance of 
probabilities”. 

The four policemen have 
been charged with conspiracy 
to assault five youths outside a 
funfair in Holloway, north 
Loudon. 

Their arrest came two days 
after Sir Ken n e th Newman, 
Metropolitan Police Commis- 
sioner, announced a new inqui- 
ry into the alleged attack. 

Police Constables Michael 
John Gavin and Michael John 
Parr, both aged 27. and Police 
Constables Edward Napier- 
Main and Nicholas John 
Wise, both aged 26, have been 
bailed and suspended from 
duty. They wfll appear before 
Bow Street magistrates on 
March 11. 


Thatcher lists achievements 

UK ‘outpacing Germany’ 


By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

The United Kingdom's Among other achievements 
manufacturing productivity is listed: 
outpacing that of France and • Employment rising with 
West Germany, the Prime around 700,000 more people 

in work since March 1983: 


Minister said last night 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher said 
in a lengthy Commons reply 
on her achievements since 
1979: “Manufacturing pro- 
ductivity has risen at an 
average annual rate of 6 per 
cent for the last five years, 
higher than France or Germa- 
ny, and company profitability 
is at its highest for two 
decades.” 

She said: “The rate of 
inflation is almost half the 
level the government inherit- 
ed, with further tails in pros- 
pect 

“The United Kingdom is in 
its fifth successive year of 
growth with gross domestic 
product at an all-time high: 
and output is expected to have 
grown faster in 1985 than all 
other European Community 
countries and' the United 
States. 


• Income tax thresholds 
raised by about 20 per cent in 
real terms; 

• Twelve leading companies 
privatized, with a target of 40 
per cent of the slate-owned 
industrial sector privatized by 
the end of the Parliament: 

• Pay. price and dividend 
controls abolished along with 
controls on foreign exchange, 
bank lending, hire purchase, 
industrial and office develop- 
ment; 

• Productivity per person in 
agriculture improved by more 
than 40 per cent; 

• Spending on major roads 
increased by 30 per cent and 
more than 500 miles of motor- 
ways and trunk roads com- 
pleted: 

• Total manpower ' in the 
police service in Great Britain 
up by 1 7,000 and expenditure 


in England and Wales up by 
one third in real terms 

• Retirement pension at 
record level in real terms; 

• Spending on the health 
service up by 21 per cent in 
real terms; 

• More than a million trained 
on the Youth Training 
Scheme since its 1983 intro- 
duction; 

• Abolition of the Greater 
London Council and metro- 
politan county councils from 
the end of next month; 

• An increase of 125 million 
in the number of home- 
owners, owner occupation 
now at 62 per cent, and the 
proportion of young people 
owning their own home the 
highest in Europe. 

Mrs Thatcher also said that 
legislation had been pas: 
“extending the rights of mem- 
bers of trades unions to influx 
ence the affairs of their unions 
and to restore the balance in 
industrial relations between 
managements and unions". 


J Mirror’s management crisis 


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The Scottish Daily Record is 
not expected to appear today 
after the crisis at Mirror 
Group Newspapers deepened 
yesterday, threatening more 
than 700 jobs. 

The suspension of the news- 
paper was ordered on Sunday 
by the MGN publisher, Mr 
Robert MaxwelL after journal- 
ists and print workers refused 
to work on a new colour Irish 
edition of the Daily Mirror at 
the group's Anderslon Quay 
plant in Glasgow. 

Presses were closed down by 
ihe management to prevent 
the normal print run of 
750.000 and production of the 
Daily Mirror's Irish edition 
switched to Manchester. 

Police were on duty outside 
the Glasgow plant Both Sogat 
and the National Union of 
Journalists said they wanted 
to work normally. 

Sequestrators 
will return 
to High Court 

Sequestrators appointed by 
the High Court to seize the £1 7 
million assets of Sogat '82 are 
to return to court this week 
after allegations that some 
branches of the printing union 
are hiding their funds. 

It is understood that an 
unspecified number of 
branches have claimed that 
the High Court order applies 
only to central union funds. 

Sogat was fined £25.000 and 
seizure of its assets was im- 
posed after the High Court 
was told that it had ignored an 
injunction ordering it to halt 
the blacking at newspaper 
wholesalers of News 
ntcmaiionaTs four titles. 


By Michael Horsnell 

Mr Maxwell's plans to pro- 
duce the colour Irish edition 
of the Daily Mirror in Glas- 
gow involved the electronic 
transmission of pages from 
London. The NUJ and Sogat 
fear a loss of the Scottish 
identity of the Daily Record. 
Scotland's biggest-seiling daily 
newspaper. 

A spokesman for MGN in 
London said last night: “Our 
situation is that staff are still 
deemed to have dismissed 
themselves." Mr Maxwell has 
said there was gross overman- 
ning at Anderston Quay. An 
agreement was struck this 
month by which the print 
unions accepted more work 
should come out of the planL 
It was agreed that a new colour 
newspaper for the far north of 
England would be produced. 

But last week after it was 
announced that News Interna- 


tional would launch The Sun 
in Ireland, MGN decided to 
bring out a new Irish edition 
in colour instead. 

The peremptory dismissal 
of staffin Glasgow is the latest 
in a series of crises at Mirror 
Group Newspapers since it 
was bought by Mr Maxwell „ 

During the dispute at News 
International, in which 5.000 
striking print workers were 
dismissed and the company 
moved to its new priming 
plant at Wapping, east Lon- 
don. Mr Maxwell attacked Mr 
Rupert Murdoch for “not 
doing things the British way". 
He said that at MGN manage- 
ment felt a responsibility to its 
workforce. 

Last August publication of 
MGN titles was suspended for 
12 days after a union dispute 
over the sale of the Sporting 
Life. 


Labour may lift press 
ban for Fulham poll 


Continued from page 1 

Mr Prescott, dearly aware 
of the problems which will face 
other shadow cabinet col- 
leagues when they visit Ful- 
ham in the next few weeks, 
agreed that to continue the ban 
during tbe by-election would 
be a handicap. He wfll see Mr 
Kiimock urgently to “report 
this exchange that Iras gone on 
today.” 

Mr Prescott, who criticized 
the way Mr Rupert Murdoch 
moved to his new works at 
Wapping, said that the dilem- 
ma, foced by tbe party resulted 
from an appeal by the Nation- 
al Union of Journalists not to 
talk to members who had 


broken the onion line. 

Asked if Labon- spokesmen 
visiting Fnlham would refuse 
to talk to News International 
journalists, he said: “Thai Is a 
matter for the campaign com- 
mittee to consider”, 

• Mr Richard Lnce, the 
Arts Minister, last night 
“deplored” any attempt by 
local authorities to ban News 
International newspapers 
from public libraries: “If a 
newspaper has been available 
in a public library, to meet the 
demands oi users, then I can 
see no justification for ceasing 
to make it available in order to 
make a political or industrial 
point." 


Heath iii 
newBL 
storm 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

Mr Edward Heath was at 
the centre of a new storm over 
the BL sale yesterday when he 
accused Mr Norman Tebbit, 
the Conservative Party chair- 
man, of being behind criticism 
of his speech on Sunday 
opposing a takeover by Gener- 
al Motors of the United States. 

The allegation came after 
some figures in the Conserva- 
tive Group for Europe at- 
tacked Mr Heath for using 
their platform to criticize gov- 
ernment policy over BL. 

An organizer was quoted 
unatiributably by the Press 
Association news agency as 
saying that members were 
none too pleased that Mr 
Heath, the group's president, 
had used the occasion to issue 
a “tirade” against the Govern- 
ment. 

Mr Tony Baldry. Conserva- 
tive MP for Banbury, chair- 
man of the session ax which 
Mr Heath spoke, said: “Mr 
Heath ’5 speeech was received 
in fairly stony silence." 

Mr lan Taylor, chairman of 
the group, said that Mr Heath 
had been “rather naughty". 
He said: “He was there to 
discuss the position of the 
centre-right parties in Europe 
in what should have been a 
very constructive weekend.” 

Bui members of Mr Heath's 
staff who were at the confer- 
ence said that he was loudly 
applauded and that many 
people present had expressed 
support for his views after- 
wards. 

A statement from Mr 
Heath’s office then added: “If 
Mr Tebbit wishes to dispute 
Mr Heath's view he should do 
so openly and in public rather 
than attempt to use members 
of his staff including his 
secretary who holds a position 
in the Conservative Group for 
Europe, to do his dirty work 
for him." 

Miss Beryl Goldsmith, Mr 
Tebbit's secretary, is a former 
chairman of the group. She 
said last night that she did not 
intend to reply to what was a 
“near libellous statement". 

Mr Tebbit was said last 
night to be taken aback at 
what Mr Heath had alleged 
about his involvement. 

• Land Rover workers yester- 
day rejected any takeover of 
their company, and said they 
wanted it to remain British. 

The 8,500 men who pro- 
duce Land Rovers and 1.700 
who make Sherpa vans held 
lunchtime meetings. Mr joe 
Harris, union convener, said it 
was clear from the meetings 
that the men not only opposed 
a sale to GM. but anv sale. 


MPsiook 
at ethnic 
job plight 

By Patricia Clough 

A delegation from the Com- 
mons select committee on 
employment yesterday gained 
a further insight Into black 
unemployment on a visit to the 
Broadwater Farm Estate in 
Tottenham, north London, 
where a policeman was killed 
in riots last year. 

The committee heard evi- 
dence of discrimination that 
prevented black people getting 
jobs and homes, and ques- 
tioned a local Job Centre 
manager who admitted be had 
never been required to read the 
Commission for Racial 
Equality's code of practice. 

They also met a personnel 
manager from a big local 
company who attempted to 
explain why 8225 per cent of 
his staff are white in an area 
where more than 50 per cent of 
residents are black or of other 
ethnic origin. 

The five-member delegation 
was on the second stage of its 
inquiry into racial and other 
discrimination in employment 
prompted by repeated inner 
city riots. 

There are about 18,000 
unemployed people, or 14 per 
cent of the population, in the 
Tottenham and Wood Green 
areas of north London. 

Miss Ros Cave, employ- 
ment chairman of Haringey 
Borough Council, said a series 
of positive steps had been 
taken to combat discrimina- 
tion on council staff where 
while males made up 80 per 
cent of the workforce but only 
25 per cent of the 
population. 


Left plea 
on purge 
of Militant 

By Our Political 

Correspondent 

Labour’s left wing yesterday 
urged the National Executive 
Committee to take a stand 
against any witch-hunt or 
puige of. Liverpool's Militant 
leadership. - 
A resolution tabled by Mr 
Eric HefFer. Mr Tony Benn, 
Mr Dennis Skinner, Miss Jo 
Richardson and Miss Joan 
Maynard said: “We urge all 
party members to stop any 
witch-hunts." 

It is expected that a major- 
ity of the executive tomorrow 
will side with Mr Neil 
KJnnock in favour of exem- 
plary action being taken 
against Mr Derek Hatton, the 
deputy leader of Liverpool 
Council, and about 10 other 
leading Militants in the city. 

They will also act to disband 
and reorganise the Liverpool 
district party, which has be- 
come the Militant power base. 

But last night's resolution 
illustrated tbe strength of the 
left-wing backlash which is 
bound to be provoked by 
disciplinary action. 

Any expulsions will have to 
follow a further meeting of the 
executive, next month, to hear 
answers to the chaiges from 
those identified as Militants in 
an inquiry report 
Those expelled will also 
have a right of appeal to the 
foil party conference. 

The fight back is expected to 
begin with a mass demonstra- 
tion and lobby of the execu- 
tive for tomorrow's meeting at 
party headquarters in south 
London. 


Teachers 
call for 
a merger 

ByLnnrH^es . 

Ed ucation Correspondent 

A merger between the big- 
gest teachers' union, the Na- 
tional Union of Teachers, and 
its principal rival the Nation- 
al Association of 
Schoolmasters/Union of 
Women Teachers, is being 
called for by local associations 
of the NUT. 

That is the most popular 
resolution in the preliminary 
agenda for the NUTi annual 
conference, published yester- 
day. and it is supported by 
56.534 individual votes, more 
than for any of the other 42 
motions given provisional pri- 
ority for debate! 

The motion urges the NUT 
executive to have talks with 
the NA5/UWT. with the aim 
of closer collaboration at na- 
tional and local level and the 
eventual merger of the two 
unions as a single, TUC- 
. affiliated organization. 

The NUT has 216,000 mem- 
bers against the NAS/UWTs 
127.000. and the two have 
been at loggerheads for die 
past year over tactics. in the 
pay dispute. - * 

“Divisions among teaching 
unions.are an obstacle to the 
successful defence of 
education", the 24 associa- 
tions which signed the motion 
say. Mr Nigel de Gruchy, 
deputy general secretary of the 
NAS/UWT, was not so sure. 
"If the NUT practised unity 
before preaching it, we might 
be able to- make belter 
progress’’, be said. 

The animosity between the 
two unions at national level is 
not reflated at the grassroots, 
but it is a result of the 
fundamental division over 
tactics. The NUT’S policy was 
to go for a big pay rise this year 
to make up some of the pay 
erosion of the past 10 years. 

The second biggest union 
thought that was unrealistic 
and tiiat a reasonable deal 
should be struck this year, 
with the big push being made 
in the next pay round. 


Highlands are 
safer for birds 

Golden eagles, peregrine fal- 
cons and ptarmigans will be 
able to spread their wings with 
confidence when flying over 
5,3000 acres of Britain's high- 
est mountain terrain which 
has been purchased by the 
Royal Society for the Protec- 
tion of Birds. 

Covering the summits of 
Cairn Gonn (4,084ft), Ben 
Macdui (4.300ft), and Glen 
Avon in the Scottish High- 
lands, the reserve has been 
acquired from the Wills estate 

Patients die 

Four patients have died and 
three others are seriously ill in 
an outbreak of influenza at 
Clifton Hospital York. 


Data protection 

Firms face legal penalties 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Nine out of ten organiza- ‘There tea problem of lack of 
bons which store personal awareness, despite tbe vast 
records on computers could amount of pibtidty that has 

lace p rosecu tion fluoMh fail- gone out Either people hare 

are to register trader the Data not had tfaeir attention drawn 


vast records on them. 


Protection Act, 1984. 

_ Hie Act obliges organisa- 
tions in the private and public 
sectors who use ocnnptters to 
state what information they 
bold and what it is stored for. 
Fail ore to do so is an offence 
liable to an anlimited fine. 

Bot although the offices of 
the new Data Protection Reg- 
istrar, the data ombudsman 
who will supervise the opera- 
tion of the Act* have sent out 
registration packs to 150,000 
organizations, only 10,000 ap- 
pticatioos have been retnnKd* 
Mr Eric Howe, the regis- 


to the Act, or If they have, they 
mistakenly believe they are 
exempt from its provisions, 
which are mach narrower 
many people think.” 

One example, he said, was 
the exemption fix- papifl and 
accounting records. But those 
exemptions applied only 
where the comput er records 
were solely for payroll and 
accounting. Many were also 
for use by personnel 
ment and therefore came 
in' the Act” 


TheActimpwesaacompct- tetered can be examined at tia 


„ an 

radividtral may seek compen- 
sation through the courts for 
any damage or associated 
distress caused through the 
teg of personal data refcUzng 
to themselves or through its 
unauthorized disdosiire. 

After May 11 they may seek 
wen compensation earned by 
the maccnncy of tbe htfonna- 
tion held and conrts may order 
the correction or ensure of the 
inaccuracy. An iadrridnars 
right to obtain details of data 
on him or herself comes into 
face bn November 11 
year. 


taovsaid: My one-concern is er users obligations to comply office op the Data Protection 
to warn organizations who with ce rta in principles as to Pa nI e *— »«» — *- — " U ™ 
have to register tiiat they mnst the use, accnrecy and security 
have »plM Ifor registration of data. It also creates impor- 
by May 11 1986. tant new rights for uHUvidnftta 


rights for indmdnds, public libraries. 



Bernini 
bust may 
be saved 
for nation 

, By David Hewson 
Arts Correspondent 

The Bernini bust, on sale as 
the world's most expensive 
piece of sculpture, is likely lo 
be one of the first items lo be 
saved for the nation by the 
Government's decision Iasi 
week to give an extra £10.5 
million to the National Heri- 
tage Memorial Fund. 

The Victoria and Albert 
Museum recently failed to 
raise the £3 million private 
sale price to buy the bust from 
the Castle Howard estate, 
which is selling it to cover 
raxes after the death of Lord 
Howard, the former chairman 
of the BBC. The museum was 
unable to raise sufficient mon- 
ey to meet tbe estate's price, 
which is several million 
pounds below what the bust 
could achieve oh the open 
market. 

The heritage fond has not 
earmarked any of the £10.5 
million for any specific pur- 
chase- bat h is expected that 
assistance towards the pur- 
chase of the bust for a British 
institution wilt be considered. 
There is speculation that the 
V&A may revive its bid to 
take advantage of the new 
funding. 

Derby death 
trio cleared 

A detective sergeant, his 
father-in-law and an other man 
were cleared at the Central 
Criminal Coua yesterday of 
the manslaughter of a postal 
worker in a fight on a bus near 
the Ascot winning post on 
Derby- Day in June 1984. . 

Judge Thomas Pigot. the 
Common Sergeant of London, 
ruled there was. no evidence 
that Detective Sergeant Rob- 
ert Miles, aged 26. bis father- 
in-law. Mr Raymond Hudson, 
aged 44, and Mr Michael 
Clothier, aged 47, all of Cob- 
ham. Surrey. had taken pan in 
an attack on Mr Peter Albury, 
aged 42. of Sutton. Surrey. 

Cannabis fine 

Jenny Woodward, aged 31. 
leader of the campaign to oust 
Mr Ray Honeyford. headmas- 
ter at the centre of an ethnic 
education controversy, was 
fined £50 by city magistrates 
yesterday for growing canna- 
bis at her home in St Paul's 
Road. Bradford. - 

Fire deaths 

Three young children aged 
eight months, three years, and 
five years, died yesterday 
when fire swept through their 
terrace home in Burnley. Lan- 
cashire. Their parents. Mr 
Javid Khaiad and his wife 
Sanina were taken to hospital 
with shock. 

Strike at pit 

A strike call by NUM 
officials at Bevencotes colliery 
near Retford, Nottingham- 
shire, yesterday in protest at 
the dismissal of the union's 
branch secretary at the pit was 
obeyed by 170 out of the 400 
miners on the underground 
day shift. 

Foodhalls end 

Nine Debenhams depart- 
ment stores will close their 
foodhalls next month with the 
loss of 360 jobs. The owners, 
the Burton group, said there 
would be opportunities for 
redeployment but redundan- 
cies were inevitable. The space 
will be used for fashion goods. 

£1,000 rat 

Roberto Bersini. aged 31. an 
Italian lorry driver who 
brought his pet white rat into 
Britain, was fined £1.000 by 
Middleton magistrates in 
Greater Manchester yesterday 
after admitting breaking anti- 
rabies laws. 

Penny rise 

A penny increase in pocket 
money in line with inflation is 
being recommended for chil- 
dren aged up to four in the 
care of Staffordshire County 
Council. The children will 
now gel 34p a week. 

Theft charges 

Chief Inspector Gavin 
O'Brien, aged 35. a member of 
the headquarters staff of Sus- 
sex Police and in charge of the 
force's reorganization unit, 
will appear before Worthing 
magistrates on March 12 on 
two charges of theft. 

Boys admitted 

The Princess of Wales* for- 
mer boarding school. . Riddles- 
worth Hall at StetfonL 
Norfolk. wiH.admii boys aged 
five to seven for the first lime 
in September. 


Correction 

. Independent Broadcast- 
ing Authority points out that it 
will be considering alternative 
daytime scheduling proposals 
for the Thames 'Television pro- 
gramme Someotte to Talk To 
(The Times. February 2 1 ), 



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eases pain 
the Brighton 


Mr Nomas Tebbit has 
aescnbed how be uses work to 
ewe the worst pain, 18 mM ths. 
after the IRA Brighton bomb- 
ing which left his wife, Marga- 
ret, almost totally paralysed 
“» is better than aloohoL- 
i Brongfa work you can avoid 
toat tenctaiCT to brood about 
wiat rmght have been, or how 
hard life has been on you,” Mr 
Tebbit said, recalling the 
bomb blast which left him 
boned in the rtrins of a hotel 
for four hours. 

The Tebbits’ lives had bad 
to adjust drastically in the past 
year, he said in an interview in 
Women's Own magazine. 
Going away for a weekend is 
a biz like organizing the D-Day 
landings, what with a nurse, a 
wheelchair and all the gear.” 

Together they were sharing 
. the hardships and daily hope. 

“We continue to hope, and 
there is some improvement 
My wife can now turn over the 



pages of a newspaper.: which is 
really something 

Mr Tebbit said that waiting 
to be dug out of the debris 
after the Bast had not been a 
“deeply moving spiritual 
experience". He - said: “I do 
not talk about it a lot because 
it does seem slightly boring, 

“I realized,' once the lads 
had begun to dig ns out that I 
would survive, though 1 think 
there was a limit to how long 
one could have remained in 
that state. ' 

. “Then, of course, I was told 
that my wife was paralysed, 
and at the time we had no idea 
whether it was total or 
partial:” 

But the Brighton ‘bombing 
was not something which 
dominated bis life. “I do not 
, wake up in the night, or dream ■ 
about it. 1 would -have been . 
through lone or -two odd 

experiences ■ anyway in my 
flying days.” 


Mr Tebbit said he was 
especially moved by his wife's 
courage, “because the paraly- 
sis had not come about 
through an accident bat a 
deliberate attempt to murder 
members of 'the 
Government”..- . 

-While Mrs Tebbit continues 
to make some progress at 
Stan more hospital, Middle- 
sex, be has moved can of their 
tower-block flat to a confiden- 
tial address. He visits her 
every weekend. 

Through his wife’s ordeal 
and confinement to a wheel- 
chair, Mr Tebbit said he had 
become aware of the enor- 
mous courage and instinct for 
survival shown by patients 
with spinal injuries. He found 
bis own therapy through 
working until midnight most 
days, but his wife and other 
patients, facing a far more 
restricted life, showed great 
courage. 


Cathedral closes 
shop on Sundays 

By Peter Evans and Rohm Young: . 


Canterbury Cathedral 
shop is dose on Sundays 
the time being after accusa- 
tions by the Consumers* Asso- 
ciation that the dam and 
chapter appeared to be guilty 
of criminal offences. ■ 

“As the present discussions 

the sale of'cerfa^uSivldual 
items is technically illegal, we 
have naturally reviewed life 
situation,” a cathedral spokes- 
man said yesterday in a state- 
ment 

Mr David Tench, tire 
Consumers' Association legal 
officer, last week listed items 
on sale in the cathedral shop 
on Sundays, alleging that none 
of them fefl within the exemp- 
tions in Schedule 5 of the 
Shops Act, 1950. 

Mr Tench was speaking at a 
Home Office seminar arguing 
in favour of the Shops BUt 
which is due for its third 
reading in the House of Lords 
today. . 

MPs campaigning against 
the Bill met yesterday to 


facility to our many visitors 
on a Sunday within die frame- 
work of the Shops Acts of 
1950 and 1965” Tbe dosnre 
would be met by “coosider- 
aMe disappo in tment”. 

: Mr Tench said yesterday; “I 
regret it But what we are not 
told is whether they will re- 
open it when the law is 
changed.” 

Opponents of the BiH hope 
to move a reasoned amend- 
ment at its Second Reading in 
the House in about two weeks 
A compromise favoured by 

live MP for Orpington, and 
other Conservative opponents 
of deregulation, is to give local 
councils the right to determine! 
their own shopping hours. 

However, a spokesman for. 
the Keep Sunday Special cam-; 
paign said: “Giving local au- 
thorities the right to 
determine their own shop 
hours would be . likely to lead 
to a domino effect. It is fair.to 
say that it would simply 
formalize the chaos we already 
discuss their tactics to fight the ‘ have with some areas turning 
government move. a blind eye to Sunday trading 

The cathedral said that for..: while others uphold the law 
many years.it had, “offered a againstit." -j 

^ — — J _ 


Girl held 
in jail for 
milk theft 

A Hfeh Court judge will be 
asked today to free a homeless 
girl aged 17 who bias spent 12 
days in Holloway prison, 
north London, after admitting 
that she stole a bottle of m 3 lr 
from a Dover doorstep. 

Katherine Griffiths was re- 
manded in custody for three 
weeks by magistrates at Do- 
ver, Kent, on February 13, for 
social reports after admitting 
her first offence. 

Her solicitor, Mr Brian 
Janes, said last night that she 
had saved half a day in prison 
lor every pence of the milk 
stolen. 

Sergeant Brian Easton, of 
Maidstone police headquar- 
ters in Kent, said that the 
police will sot oppose baft. 

He said they would have 
preferred bail to have been 
granted tn the fu-st instance, 
bat she was remanded m 
custody because she had no 
fixed address and could not 
satisfy hail requirements. 

She was arrested on Febru- 
ary 12 and appeared in court 
foe next day when she admit- 
ted stealing the milk and 
apologized to the cont. 


Pensidher 
hid drugs 
to see son 

Anne Dempsey, aged 77, Jet 
her son store th ou sand s of 
pounds worth of drags in her 
kitchen cupboard for 10 years, 
the Centred Criminal Court 
1 was told yesterday. It was the 
only way she could get him to 
visit her. 

When drugs squad officers 
raided her home in west 
London they found cocaine 
and cannabis with a: street 
value of £35,000 hidden by 
her son. 

Yesterday she pleaded 
guilty to possession of .the 
drugs on February 22 last year. 

Her son, Andrew, aged 39, 
admitted supplying the co- 
caine and cannabis. 

Judge Robert Lymbery de- 
cided she had never gained 
anything from the drugs 
“apart from, visits from the 
son she would not otherwise 
have seen” 

He pot her on probation for 
12 months after hearing that it 
would help her and give her 
someone to- talk to. “She fa 
completely alone in the 
world,” her counsel Mr Nich- 
olas Gardiner, told the court. 

Mr John Reekers, for the 
prosecution, said drug squad 
officers were tailing Andrew 
Dempsey, suspecting trim- of 
drug dealing, and saw him 
visit an address in Palmerston 
Road, Acton; .On forcing an 
entry, they found Mrs Demp- 
sey there alone. 

Andrew, Dempsey, of the 
Bungalow, Lonsdale Road, 
Not ting Hill win be sentenced 
at a later date. 


Hoteliers accused 



By Cliff Feltham 

Britain’s hoteliers yesterday luxe hotels, the standard of 

London hotels fa very poor 
indeed.” 

Mr Steve Price, m a n a g i n g 
director of Rainbow Hotels, 
said* “London has a bad 


denied claims that they are 
greedy and overcharge, 
r* Mr Robin Lees, chief execu- 
tive of the British Hotels, 
Restaurants and Caterers As- 
sociation, said “I have not 
seen any signs that prices are 
being jacked up.” 

Japanese, West German 


Examples of hotel prices 
include a twin room at the 
Dorchester in Park Lane at 


and some British tour opera- £140 a night without breakfast. 


tors have complained. 

Mr Seishi Ishida, of Mild 
Travel said the average Japa- 
nese tourist spent only 15 
nights in London. 


The cost at the Intercontinen- 
tal is £141. 

The prices were defended by 
Mr Lees “Big hotels should 
not charge Pans prices if they 


“What- makes Japanese are not as good but I believe 
tourists rush through London? wears offering facilities just as 


It fa the' frustration at the cost 
of accommodation which has 
rocketed way above the world 
average,” he said 


good as in Paris or other major 
cities." 

The Best Western market- 
ing group, which books vfai-i 


Mr Guntber Ttaamm, direc- tors imp 190 hotels throughout 
tor of German tourist facilities the country, said “We have 
handling ,50,000 visitors a seen no sign of hoteliers 
year, sard: '“'Apart from the de forcing up prices.” 


Alert for blood donors 


An urgent call for- blood 
donors is being made to avert 
a crisis in the National Health 
Service: 

Existing donors are being 
asked to persuade friends and 
relatives to come forward 
before hospitals are forced to 
cancel operations. 

The Great Ormond Street 
Hospital 'for Sick Children in 
London said last night We 
understand a special effort is 
being made io help us but we 
know some hospitals are fac- 
ing difficulties.” 

The North London Blood 
Transfusion Centre, which 


serves a population of 3.5 
inilfidu, needs 800 pints a day. 
Mr Tony Martina, regional 
organizer, jays its two clinics 
in Edgware and in the West 
End are about 15 per cent 
down. 

The reason for the shortfall 
in blood in London is put on 
bad weather which lias pre- 
vented donors from attending 
clinics. 

; Mr Martina said We are 
havingtp spend money we can 
ill afford taier this week to 
advertise that we are extend- 
ing the opening hours of our 
clinic ia the West End to 
attract more donors.” 


Angling dispute 


Fines will protect swans 

By HbghOayto«,Enrironinait Correspondent 


The Government yesterday 
breatened fines of up to 
2,000 against shopkeepers 
Fho go on seflfag kad 
fabenneri’s weights that jxff- 
on swans. 

Mr WOfeun Wi 


the E n vi ro nment, 
ar that tike Govera- 

s determined to at 
yegrS. of argument- 
anglers and nataral- 
fee effect of lead* He. 
merer. “The jolkit 
gtfag to break into 
le to see ff there, is 
VB&tfyfni t be d-** •' 
{gfaeiBsenral 


dose: the metal is soft the 
weight can be damped over 
the Hue. Naturalists say too 
many w eig h ts diop off and lie 
onstream beds. 

They daim that the national 
wDtf J population of about 
$M)0fr swans suffers mast 
from the nbscqnent lead pof- 
soara&clhe Royal Society for 
the Protection <rf Birds said 
yesterday that research at the 
Edward Grey Institute at Ox- 
ford t Ja h m it y andebewhere 


pdkfts bat spfit across so 

a frying fane can fee 

passed dirngli.tte slit Be-. 


tin ef-swias found dead had 
teen kaied byJead poisoning. 

The society estimated swan 
deaths from lead potsoning at 
between 3360 and 4,100 a 
year. Angkrs dtspote the fig- 
PRSMmd the National Asaotih 


ation of Sepcfalist Anglers 
asked who lad seen all the 
-bods that die from lead poi- 
sparing. “Anglers do not see 
them, and wo 
time by the water?” 

Mr WaMegrsve made his 
statement in an interview to be 
published tomorrow In 
Aagier’s AfoflL He made dear 
that the coarse fishing season 
that will start in Ires than 
three weeks will be a tost of the 
wHfingness ■. . of anglers to 
change .from their .hnflhr 
lead weights to; alternatives 
made from other metals. 

The Government he said, 
would Intervene with laws 
{mooing the import and sale of 
lead weights next year if 


Professor 
criticized 
by Savage 
for attacks 

. By Nicholas Timming 

Soda! Services 
Correspondent 

Mrs Wendy Savage yester- 
day accused her head of 
department. Professor Geddis 
Grudzrnskas, of making a 
“mountain out of a molehill” 
in his' complaints about her 
handling of a case of child 
birth which other specialists 
have described as bizarre. 

Her comments came m 
cross-examination by Mr Ian 
Kennedy, QC, for Tower 
Hamlets Health Authority, 
during the inquiry into her 
professional competence. 

Mr Kennedy asked her if 
she felt the professor’s criti- 
cism was carping. He also 
asked her if she thought that 
all five cases over which she 
has been accused of profes- 
sional incompetence were a 
storm in a teacup. 

In the case of a Bengali 
woman who was in labour for 
12 horns and whose baby died 
eight days after birth, Mrs 
Savage said it was “maybe a 
mountain out of a molehill”. 

Expert witnesses have said 
they think it likely that the 
baby died as a result of the 
labour or delivery, although 
there was no post-mortem 
examination to establish the 
cause of death; Mrs Savage 
has said she believed it died 
from a rare blood disorder. 
The baby appeared well at 
birth, sbe has told the inquiry. 

Mr Kennedy asked her if the 
other cases could properly be 
described as “a storm in a 
teacup” 

Mrs Savage said that, al- 
though there might be differ- 
ences of opinion over how the 
cases were managed, “that is 
really the extent of the 
disagreement”. She added that 
her professor’s reactions to- 
wards differences of clinical 
opinion were “excessive”. 

The bearing continues. 



‘Lecturer 
hid girl’s 
hones in 
coffee jar’ 

Samson Perera, a dental 
lecturer, killed bis adopted 
daughter aged 13 and hid her 
dismembered bones in 10 dif- 
ferent places, a Leeds Crown 
Court was told yesterday. 

At his laboratory, a col- 
league discovered human 
bones in a coffee jar 
beaker and a stateless steel 
dish with bones soaking in a 
liquid to dissolve them. It was 
alleged. 

Later pieces of a skull and 
fadai bones were found in an 
envelope in Mr Perera's draw- 
er. 

When detectives searched 
his house they found more 
bones and flesh in three plant 
pots and a bloodstained hold- 
all bag, the court was tokL 
Bat Mr Perera insisted the 
bones were not those iff his 
adopted daughter. 

Mr Perera, aged 43 and the 
father of (wo fhi M ren, of 
Stillwell Drive, Sandal, Wake- 
field, denies murdering 
Nflanthfe, whom be adopted 
and brought to England fa 
1981. He also denies obstruct- 
ing a corona' in the execution 
of his duties. 

His wife Dammik*, aged 37. 
a m a t h ema tics teacher, denies 
assisting her husband and 
impeding his arrest. She also 
denies obstructing a coroner. 

Mr Humphrey Potts, QC 
for the prosecution, said that 
by inly 1984 neighbours were 
suspicious because the girl was 
not seem 

When detectives questioned 
Mr Perera be said he had 
taken her to his toother in 
Sicily who would then help her 
to return home to Sri tenfc* 
where sbe was bon. 

As suspicions increased, a 
lecturer at Leeds University's 
school of dentistry discovered 
the bones and skull pieces in 
the laboratory where Mr 
Perera worked, Mr Potts said. 
The bearing continues to- 
day. 


Satan tri%< 
man ‘was c 
living ofC 
women’ r 

The country rector in t 
“Satan conman” trial claifj 6 ® 
yesterday that De f 
Mainwariiig Knight, a retf^P 
producer, had told him he v * 1r 
lived off the earnings 
prostitutes for about a ■ 
while Christians were gj5s*cie 
him thousands of pounds. r ot£ 
The Rev John Baker, Pres 
tor of Ncwick, East Sus ant 
told Maidstone Crown Cesaic 
that Mr Knight also claiiouli 
that he had paid aband 
£200,000 into an ofTshry > 
investment company ran istiti 
fringe satanisL 
But Mr Baker said he tt * 
taken a Bible 03th noise I 
reveal details of the compare 
Mr Baker was coniine op 
his evidence in the casenoc 
which Mr Knight has der tht 
19 charges of obiair I* 
£203,850 by deception. 1 or 
Mr Knight has said. Jem 
needed the money to ysa 
Satanic insignia, but ilpar 
alleged that he spent it ins*se s 
on his girl friends and pre* op 
tutes. fast cars and high li v,n« 
Cross-examined by Mr urki 
chael West, QC, for the-allo 
fence, Mr Baker told the meet 
that he was not surprised fe p 
after committing nimseUfor 
Christ Mr Knight under* 
“backsliding” towards prc leir 
lutes and high living Ce 
“People who have a d at 
involvement in the oc*j ve 
don't normally get out in 
nice, neat jump— the deli* 
ance is a process”, he said . 

He denied the prosecutk — 
claim that he was a guiiMB 
fool. 

Mr Baker added that he 
been successful in the pas 
helping people to free th< 
selves from the control of 
DeviL 

He said the destruction 
satanic insignia was a pov 
ful means of weakening 
Devil’s control. One met! 
was by using sea water. - 
The trial continues toda 



Every tax year. National Insurance contributions are 
changed in line with increased social security benefits. 
Here are the charges effective April 6. 1986. 

Employees and Employers (Class l) 

Percentage rates will be unchanged, bur the lower 
and upper earnings limits will rise to £38 and £285 per 
week. The earnings brackets will also change. 



Finpl*>e»A ioijI wet-Uv 
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- • New contribution tables are being sent to employers to- 
gether with leaflet NL2Q8 giving the contribution rates, and a 
new supplement to leaflet NP.15. Emplo yer's Guide to National 
Insurance contributions, and SSP55. SSP Rates and Notes. 

. If you haven’t received them by 17 March contact: 

* Your soda! security office for Not-contracted-out tables 
(CF391). 

* Contracted-out Employments Group, DHSS, Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne, NE98 1TX for Contracted-out tables (CF392). 

Do not use the present blue tables 
for earnings after 5 April The new tables, 
for use from 6 April will be red 

Self-employed (Class 2 and 4) 
Class 2. contributions will go up 


to £3.75 a week from 6 April. If you expect your earnings in 
1986/87 to be less than £2,075 you may be able to gel an exception 
from liability. Ask at your social security office for leaflet NI.27A. 
People with small earnings from self-em plo yment. Class 4 
contributions will stay at the same rate: 6.3 per cent of profits 
between the lower and upper limits which are £4,450 and 
£14,820 for 1986/87. 

Voluntary contributions (Class 3) 

Class 3 contributions wifi go up to £3.65 from 6 April. 

IMPORTANT NOTICE 

From 6 April 1986 Class 3 contributions paid after the end 
of the second tax year following the year in which they were 
payable will normally have to be paid at a higher rate. 

Contributions payable for weeks in the tax year ending 
5 April 1984 will be the first to be affected by these rules. 

Foil details of contribution changes 

See leaflet N1.208, April 1986 edition, available ai post 
offices and social security offices. 

Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) 

New rates from 6 April 1986 - 5 April 1987 are: 


A‘rrjgf w-rrkU turnings 

SSPmrH. rjx* 

£74 50 • -I nit'-rv 

75 (.unddiil) 

£55.50 iu£74 7« 

KS^2D(nndrflrl 

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SSP Compensation, for employers NX contributions 
The rate of compensation from 6 April will tie 8%. 

For further information see leaflet NI227. Employer's 
Guide to Statutory Sick Pa y, and SSP55. SSP Rates and Notes 
which is being sent out with the new contribution tables. 


Issued by the Department ofHealth and Social Security. 


5 


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PARLIAMENT FEBRUARY 24 1986 


Trafalgar House attacked • Pensions to rise 


Commentary 


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Benefit rise to cost £410 million 


"SOCIAL SECURITY 


mentary benefit up by 1.1 per 
cent although the increase in 
prices alter excluding housing 
. . . . costs is 1-2 per cent. 

£ ntenm increased sociaJ security For similar reasons. he said, 
S-raeBts cosung an extra £410 he did not proposed to mate 
fltnWDwo in a frill year were an y general rhang ^n in the 
Frsnounccd in a Commons state- additional amounts paid with 
^tent by Mr Norman Feirter. supplementary benefit. In some 
. Kjjecreiary of State for Social ra ses no increase would be due 
jaenriaa. He explained that i n any event and in the others 
Hinbese follow the 7 per oral only «™n amounts. 

Jftooue in benefit paid from tWcr. I have thought it 
u^st November. The announc e; right to increase the higher rate 
Aiient was part of the process of oibearing addition which goes 
' '"loving to April upratsugs from to the very elderly, the severely 
.,■387 in order to bring tax and 
Fcocial security closer together 
«nd ensure that benefit changes 


Mr Fowler also stated that 
concern bad been expressed 
over future policy on toe ■pay- 
ment of benefits at post offices. 
The Public Accounts Commit- 
tee bad discussed the possibility 
that cash incentives should be 
offered to beneficiaries to 
encourage payment directly into 
bank accounts. 

He was aware this had ted to 
anxiety that the existence of 
many sub-post offices might be 
threatened if inducements were 


Coincided with changes in rent 
guiind rates. 

irfr Fowler told the Commons 
« oat these further increases will 
Ji'e paid in the week beginning 

uly 28 and will be based on the 
Changes in prices between May 
• a985 and January 1986 when 
Mie retail price index rax by l.l 
JJerccnt- 

ia As a result the retirement 
imcnsion for a married couple 
iroukL he said, rise from £61.30 
£61.95 a week and for a single 
Ujereon from £38.30 to £38.70. 
s t Public service pensions would 
H>e increased by the same 
Bfercentage as would benefits for 
disabled people and war 
BensionerSi. 

£ Mobility allowance would go 
2p io £21.65 a week although 
ro ansport costs had fallen over 
-Y Aiie period. 

2 The basic rate of useraptoy- 
$cm benefit would also be 
u* creased by 1.1 per cent from 

JO-45 to £30.80 for a single 

3rson and from £49.25 to 
: 19.80 for a married couple. 

iher main contributory and 
lelon-contributory benefits 
-{^ouhi be similarly increased, 
of He said the Government be- 
gjived it right to continue child 
chjnefit for all children hrespec- 
^ve of the income of their 
Barents. But they had to con- 
fier its level both in relation to 
i8/erafl priorities within social 
-• ^“curivy and also with the aim of 
~jing more for families with 
- . fosikhen on te w incomes. He 
■- .cnid considered the nprating of 
2£kild benefit on that basis. 

Re My conclusion is (he said) 
. H Miat child benefit should be 
creased by 1 Op a week u> £7. 10 


disabled and to people with 
homes which are specially diffi- 
cult to heat^ This addition will 
increase from £5.45 to £5.55 a 
week. 

One other change would be 
made from this July which was 
consistent with bringing the 
current supplementary benefit 
scheme into line with the new 

proposed income support 
arrangements. From the date of 
the u prating no new awards of 
the non-householder bousing 
addition would be made be- 
tween the ages of 21 and 24. 

Equally, no deductions would 
be made from the householder's 
housing benefit or ' supple- 
mentary benefit in respect of 
such non-dependants in this 
group. This meant that 



Fowler: Pensions ahead 

of rise in prices 

poorest households would re- 
main fully protected. There 
would be no increase in the 
amount of non-dependant 
deductions generally nor would 
there be in are 

deduction from benefit which 


the volume of benefit business 
which they transacted 

To remove that anxiety (he 
said) f want to make clear that 
the Government does not in- 
tend to offer cash incentives. A 
joint study is bring carried out 
by the post offices and my 
department to see what 
improvements can be made: 

This uprating meant that in 
1986-87 spending on social se- 
curity would be almost £43 
billion - some 31 per cent of all 
public spending. 

This interim increase kept 
pensions ahead of the rise in 
prices since the Government 
came to office and he would be 
making a further u pm ting state- 
ment in the autumn. 

Mr Michael Meacher, chief 
Opposition spokesman on so- 
cial services, said the increase of 
only Li per cent to pensioners 
was insulting It was deeply 
offensive to offer a single pen- 
sioner 40p a week, insufficient 
to buy a couple of stamps while 
the Chamceflor would be help- 
ing the rich. 

It was cheating pensioners to 
say the date change made no 
difference to them. Had the 
uprating taken place in Novem- 
ber, single pensioners would 
have got double the extra cash. 
The change would mean a loss 
for pensioners of £120 million. 

The 10 pence increase in child 
benefit was piffling and it was 
mean to lower the uprating 
formula for the poorest claim- 
ants of all. those on supple- 
mentary benefit. 

The statement 'was miserly 
and Scrooge-like and gave peo- 
ple only the barest minimum. 

Mr Fowler said Labour's 
formula would involve extra 


penstoftet*. That , was simply 
untrue. 

The banana republic kind of 
economics which Mr Meacher 
would put forward would pro- 
vide high inflation so that 
upratings might se e m higher. 
That was ludicrous and was in 
tine with the policy of the last 
Labour government which pre- 
sided over an increase in infla- 
tion of HO per cent 
Sir ian G3iBonr -(Cheshain and 
Amersham.O: -He is to be 
congratulated on 
maintaining the. real value of 
child benefit. Since it is by far 
the best way of dealing with 
family poverty win be do his 
best on the next occasion to 
restore the cut he made last 
time? 

Mr Fowterr I win take into 
account what he ays. Child 
benefit is the only way in either 
the social security or the fax 
system of recognizing the un- 
doubted added expense that 
children represent. We very 
much hope that in the new 
system of family credit we are 
working to in April 1988 that 
will be even better recognized 
than previously and that more 
low-income families with chil- 
dren will be helped. On child 
benefit in the next uprating, I 
will bear in mind what he says. 

Mr Archy Kirkwood (Rox- 
burgh and Berwickshire, Lk He 
said he was spending another 
£400 million-odd. The increases 
when they reach the pensioners’ 
pockets will be seen as derisory. 
Gould be not have taken this 
opportunity, since the statutory 
uprating percentage ts small, for 
an attempt to move 


i wards earnings and not price 
increases? Could he say more 
about the terms of reference of 
the post office study? 


'■ creased by 1 Op a week io £7. 10 deduction from benefit which spending of £15 billion a year, 
^rather more than the rate of applied during industrial dis- We are spending (be said) an 
* Ml illation. The children's rate for pines. - - - * 

.--jpplcmemary benefit and the Over the Iasi few years there 
■ ctfc-relaied amounts for family had been a steep rise in suppte- 
taicome supplement will also go mentary benefit single pay- 

its. Since 1981 the number of 


: g>by slightly more than 1.1 per 

- Tc Three upratings in 16 months 
imwaces inevitable administrative 

- jjhrdens and costs on local 
' authorities and local offices of 
1 stie DHSS- To contain sensibly 

- J'js extra work I propose to 

‘ jjj'crcase the long-term rate of ' Newton) had reviewed the po- 
l jMppjementanr benefit and the sition and as a result, draft 

- fusing benefit needs allowance regulations were being referred 
_ ^ the same cash amount as will to the Serial Security Advisory 

iply to retirement pensions Committee for consultation in 
-■EJbich means putting supple- the normal way. 



(u. 


meats. I 

these payments had risen from 
under a million a year to over 
four million and the real cost 
had increased by over five times 
to more than £300 million a 

& Tbe Minister of State for 
Security (Mr Anthony 


extra £41dmifliou. 

1 do not think people will be 
taken in by deceptions of that 
kind. 

The pensioners’ increase 
came on top of last November 
and the Government remained 
committed to keeping pensions 
in line with prices. 

It was not possible to have 
another uprating at the end of 
November 1986 and then an- 
other in April 1987. The DHSS 
could not work on two upratings 
at the same time: 

Mr Meacher was ignoring the 
facts and saying that low infla- 
tion was of no benefit to 



Meadter: Scrooge-Gke and 
miserly proposals 
Mr Fowler To have the kind 
of earnings link be was advocat- 
ing would have cost, over the 
lifetime of this Government, 
something like an extra £3 
billion. Clearly the pension 
should be uprated in line at least 
with prices, but inflation should 
be brought down. The most 
significant thing the Govern- 
ment has managed to do is to 
bring inflation down. Ten years, 
ago this week it was running at 
between 23 and 24 per cent. 


That was dramatically bad news 
for pensioner throughout this 
country. 

We recognise that many peo- 
ple want to have payments In 
cash at post offices, so it is 
sensible that tbe service is made 

as good as possible. We arc 

considering what improvements 
can be made to the counter 
service. That is the intention of 
the survey the DHSS and Post 
Office are doing. 

Mr Ian G&w (Eastbourne, Q: 
The major cause of the synthetic 
indignation shown by Mr 

Meacber is the massive atifcrieve- 
ment of the Government 
having achieved a rate of infla- 
tion of LI per cent only between 
May last year and January this 
year. Can he ted! us the best and 
worn figures for inflation 
achieved by the Labe 
any period between May and 
January, so that we and the 
pensioners can see tbe 
Government's achievement? 

Mr Fowler He is absolutely 
on to tbe rfeht point Judging 
from tine reaction of the Oppo- 
shiottibeyrect^nizeitaswdLl 
will seek to set out in the Official 
Report the detailed figures to 
wlucb be refers. In the last 
period of Labour Government, 
inflation rose by 110 percent. 

Mr Frank Field (Birkenhead, 
Lab): He is to be congratulated 
on today's child benefit 
announcement which will be 
welcomed on both sides of the 
House. Has he not t 
the uprating formula gained 
substantial savings for the Ex- 
chequer which would allow him 
to double the Christmas bonus? 

Mr Fowler: His point on child 
benefit is in stark contrast to 
what Mr Meacher said. On the 
index, we are talking basically 
about differences ofbetween 1. 
and 1.2 percent- 5p or 10p- and 
in some cases there is virtually 
no difference at afl. No savings 
matte for that will remotely pay 
the cost of tbe land of increases 
he seeks. 

Mr Robin Corbett 

Erdiugion, Lab) said tbe 
week increase for the single 
pensioner would buy six eggs, a 
small loaf or 1 10 peanuts. 

Mr Fowler said the increase 
came on top of last November’s 
of £4 a week fin* a married 
couple and £2 ,5 0 for a single 
pensioner. 

He later said that the Govern- 
ment was committed to keeping 
pensions ahead of prices. 

Mr Nigel Forman (CarabaUosn 
and WaJlington, Q said many 
Conservative MPs strongly sup- 
ported real increases in the child 
benefit. The married man’s 
allowance had risen by 17 per 
cent in real terms while child 
benefit before (his increase had 
decreased by 3 percent. 

Mr Fowler said the Govern- 
ment had dearly taken account 
of this by increasing child 
benefits. He would bear in mind 
Mr Forman's point. 


Wi 

fc 

Pr, 

R< 

IV 

■Of 

au» 

Id, 

w m 

M 


High hopes for future 
of British aviation 


2RANSPORT 


• JJhe Government was confident 
Mat in years ahead more British 
criines would fly to more 
u stmatioiis in Europe than they 

wed now and that quality would 
Kje and fares would ML But 

* Mere was still much to be done 
. m bring down fares and estab- 

J" h rules of competition, so that 
q! I ain's formidable airline in- 
zastry could succeed in Europe 
the benefit of passengers. Mr 
^fehad Spicer, Under Sec- 
wtary of State for Transport, 
mid during Commons ques- 
Jfbns. 

m He agreed with Mr Kenneth 
- (Lancashire West, CL who 
v*d asked if the Government 
£>uld take every step possible 
■ % liberalize the cost of flying 
nrougboul Europe. Tbe sooner 
p*e EEC and European airlines 
£me to terms with free and 
'^protected flights between 
Firopean nations, tbe better for 
“e consumer - tbe British 
■ x<n sumer in particular. 
kr Mr Spicer added that new air 
Mrvice agreements with several 
firopean countries had brought 
Reaper fares and many more 
ervices. 

D Mr John Evans (St Helens 
jJJorih, Lab) asked for an assur- 
ance that liberalization would 
Lit mean complete deregula- 
£ra- That had happened in the 
United States and left, a number 
" a' aviation companies tottering 
gi the brink of bankruptcy. 

4 Mr Spicer said there were no 

i 


proposals for complete de- 
regulation. 

We want (he said) more 
competition in the interests of 
passengers. 

Mr Robert McCrindie (Brent- 
wood and Ongar, Q said there 
should be no terriers in the way 
of additional services to Milan 
from Gatwick. in keeping with 
the policy of dual designation by 
British airlines to European 
destinations. 

Mr Spicer said be was not. 
satisfied that the I talian Gov- 
ernment understood, as the 
British Government did, that 
tbe Treaty of Rome applied to 
aviation as well as other matters 
and that there should be greater 
competition on the Milan and 
other routes. 

Mr Robert Hughes, Oppo- 
sition spokesman on transport, 
said the Secretary of State for 
Transport (Mr Nicholas Ridley) 
had rejected the Civil Aviation 
Authority's competition advice’ 
because he wanted to protect 
British Airways for privatiza- 
tion. Did this sudden enthu- 
siasm for competition have 
anything to do with a ML by 
half, in the value of BA? 

Mr Spicer said he hoped that 
meant the Opposition -were now 
going to fight feu- more com- 
petition. 

The taking of substantial 
routes in Sandi Arabia, by 
British CaJdedonian. in ex- 
change for not-so-substantial 
routes into South America was 
in the direction of further 
competition, not away from it. 


Protests over 
cones left on 
main roads 


MPs protested in the Commons 
at contractors who left cones on 
major roads when there were no 
road works in progress. 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, Sec- 
retary of State for Transport, 
sympathized with them, saying 
he wished contractors would 
apply the same spirit of urgency 
in removing cones as they did in 
completing the work in order to 
qualify for bonus payments. But 
often the cones were there for a 
good purpose, such as wet 
concrete or underground works, 
even though this was not ob- 
vious to motorists. 

Mr Peter Snape. an Oppo- 
sition spokesman on transport, 
said the authorities appeared to 
be happy to have mites of cones 
for yards of road works. He 
suggested Mr Ridley take a long 
top around the world to see how 
other countries managed to 
avoid this problem. 

Mr Ridley said be bad already 
reminded the authorities that 
they should not leave the cones 
in place for one minute longer 
than necessary. The bonus 
scheme for contractors finishing 
work early had cut the time 
taken by 25 per cent and this 
had been the envy of the world. 


Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Loral Gov- 
ernment Rate Limitation Order 
and Local Government 
Reorganization Pensions Order. 

Lords (2.30); Shops Bill and 
Salmon BilL third reading. 


Third river crossing 
invitations this week 


The invitation to promoters to 
make pro posals for a third 
crossing at Dartfbrd will be 
issued later this week, Mr David 
IVUtcbeO, Minister of State for 
Transport, said when asked 
during Commons questions 
when the Government expected 
to announce a decision on 
future plans for the Dartfard 
Tunnel complex. 

Mr John Cartwright (Wool- 
wich, SDPL It is seven months 
since Mr Nicholas Ridley, Sec- 
retary of State for Transport, 
first suggested the involvement 
of private enterprise in the 
building of a third tunneL Only 
now have we some idea of the 
timescale involved. The 
completion of every new section 
of toe M25 increases the risk of 
Dartford becoming Britain's 
biggest bottleneck. 

Why is it that the de part ment 
does not show the same sense of 
urgency over this as over tbe 
Channel tunnel? 

Mr Mi tc hell: This is a new 
departure and it requires careful 
assessment before we start out 
on the rood we are emb arki ng on 
of inviting ibe private sector to 
put up proposals to us. As to the 
bonlenecl. I understand that 
the conge-cion at Dartford is not 
likely to r«come serious before 
1991 to .*92. 

Mr Terence Higgins (Worthing, 
Cy. Tb'f congestion on the M25 
is already becoming consid- 
erable and this is a problem. 
Will he consider, in looking at 
possible proposals for a new 
tunneL that we are likely sooner 
or later to peed to make the M25 


four lanes in each direction 
rather than three? 

Mr Mitchell: We will keep this 
in mind. 

Mr Tony Banks . (Newham 
North-West, Lab): b foe third 
tunnel at Dartford going to have 
any impact on bis plans for the 
East London river crossing? 

Mr Mitchdl: We will taken into 
account. 

Mr Robin Sqalre (Hornchurch, 
Q: I endorse the comments 
about urgency. Has he corrc to 
any preliminary conclusions 
regarding foe advantages of a 



MkcfaeU: Embarking on 
a new departure 

private rather than public tun- 
nel from tbe joint councils? 

Mr Mitchell: When he sees the 
invitations to promoters he will 
find there o pp ort un ities for 
to quote both . ways. We 
look with great interest at 
what is the best value for 
money. 



Governi 

to timetable 
for sale of yard 


SHIPBUILDING 


would close the shipyard sd 
Oarpman Laird and transfer that 
business to Scott Lfthgowte- 
■ i ^ aether with business from Bar- 

Mr Ffeta- Morrfson, Minister of row? - 

State for Trade and Industry, BytheMoD giving the reason 

defended the decision by tbe fo r postponing the timescale as 
Ministry of Defence io cancel bring the. finalisation of the 



the extension of the deadline for 
completion of foe .sate of 
Vickers Shipyard Engineering 
Lid/Cammeu Laird Group. 

Responding to a private no- 
tice question from Mr John 
Smith, chief Opposition spokes- 
man on trade and industry, he 
said that, as a result of 
representations, he had deckled 
to revert to the original time- 
table. 

Mr Smith said: Is it-not the 
ease that the . MoD made 
representations to tbe Secretary 
of State for Trade and Industry 

(Mr Paul Channon) to postpone 
the due for the sate of foe-yard 
and Mr Channon agreed to a 
postponement with one of the 
bidders and then contacted Mr 
Morrison and as a result of that, 
the decision was taken to over- 
turn the decision so the sate is 
now going ahead? 

How is it possible to sell a 
yard when the asset value of the 
yard is set at £40 million but foe 
value of a contract not yet 
negotiated is £400 million? How 
is it possible to fix any kind of 
price, having regard to the 
public interest, when foe con- 
tract remains unfixed and 
unagreed? 

-Was the MoD not right to 
seek a postponement until that 
bad been clarified? 

Is h not dear in a situation 
like this when the Department 
of Trade and Industry has fixed 
a deadline that is in consistent 
with the negotiating timetable of 
the MoD, that we have reached 
another situation where this 
Government appears totally in- 
capable of coordinating foe 
activities of two seperate depart- 
ments and the replacement of 
two secretaries of state has not 
made the slightest dif ference to 
foe incapacity of these depart- 
ments to work together? 

Is it not now dear that the 
Government’s privatization 
dogma takes precedence over all 
other questions of the public 
interest, induding national de- 
fence? 

Mr Morrison: The date for 
the bids for the Vickers shil 
has bran known for a very 
time and over the same period 
of time negotiations between the 
MoD and the shipyard for the 
Trident contract have been 
continuing and are not qttite 
finalised. 

It theref o re seemed to be 
sensible, if the prospective bid- 
ders thought it was a good idea, 
to offer item foe opportunity of 
extending the (fate for their bkL 
In the event, they decided not 
to and it would- therefore , have 
been incorrect to have changed 
foe goalposts. 

Mr Cedi Franks-{Barrow and . 

Furness; Q: Would he comment 
on the disgraceful int e r fe re n ce 
in the privatization 'programme 
for purely co mme rcial reasons 
for Trafalgar House? Is he aware 
foal by delaying for six weeks 
from tomorrow the date for 
tads, Trafalgar House would be 
aWe to use their City connec- 
tions to know the amount of the 
Vickers bid which was to be put 
in tomorrow? 

Would he comment on the 
rumours which are rife and 
appear to be well-founded that 
once in control of the Vickers 
group, after a decent passage of 
time, the Trafalgar House group 


Trident contract that would- 
oblige foe present Victors 
management to sente font con^ 
tract on terms they would not 
otherwise -have accepted ui. 
arm’s length negotiations, . 

Mr Morrison: I am con- 
terned, and the Government ts 

concerned. to gfftfoc best pos- 
sible deal for Vickers shipyard 
so that we have a proper 
submarine manufacturing 
ca pa city is tbe private sector. It 
was not until 1977 foal the 
submarine manufacturing at 
Vickers was pot into .foe. public, 
sector. 

I cannot anticipate w hat bids 
are going to come forward 
tomorrow oral what price. 

Mr Frank FfcM (Birkenhead, 
Lab): 1 thank him fix' confirm- 
ing that he will be maint ai n in g 
the timetable which p rev e n t s 
Trafalgar House gaining -undue 
advantage in this sate. Could , L 
draw his attention ta foe loose 
talk by some Trafalgar House 
officials which, should they be 
successful in this sale, will dose 
the Cammdi Laird shipyard and 
as Lairds is much foe smaller of 
the two yards, wifi he pay 
particular attention to their 
interest when deciding foe fu- 
ture of the two yards? 

Mr Montane The bids go to 
British Shipbuilders and. they 
will examine them carefully and 
make a recommendation to the 
Government which Mr 
Channon or the Government 
gives consent ta 

He make* - some very im- 
portant points as far as Caramel 
Laird is concerned and I realize 
his constituency point of view. [ 
am lure all these thing * wifi be 
taken very carefully into ac- 
count before any recommenda- 
tion is given to the Government 
iron: British Shipbuilders. 

Mr ARrtrirBvtffinry North, 

S j: There is s tr ong feeling in the 
orth West that the task of 
prompting the Government's 
policies in that area would be 
made easier by foe success of the 
VSEL consortium. 

Mr Motzisea: We have to 
look at afl bids which come 
forward because if we do not 
look at them all and take whatis 
the best that would not be in the 
interests of privatization. 

Mr Ca r tw right (Woolwich, 
SDP) asked for an assurance 
that the Gove rn ment would not 
so construct foe contract for the 
first Trident us to make 
cancellation by a future govern- 
ment extremely difficult, even if 
the British people voted for such 
a cancellation. 

Mr Morrison: The contract is 
being negotiated on commercial 
terms but Ientnriy agreeabout 
foe-current policy of foe Oppo- 
sition towards Trident winch, 
makes foe Trident missile and 
submarine quite a considerable 
difference. 

Mr John Evans (St Helens 
North, Lab) said many millions 
of taxpayers' money had in the 
past few years been put into 
creating foe facility at Borrow to 
build the Trident submarine, so 
bow was it in the interests of the 
same taxpayers that it should be 
privatized? 

Mr Morrison: J cannot give 
him the precise .figure but that 
will be taken into account when 
British Shipbuilders review foe 
bids. 




Geoffrey 

Safith 


Haw (fee . ^ 

my anti-Aaerictf? One 
would not have modi m* ft 
one were simply tocast aswtft 
dance at tbe M«i pal! fa tUs 

week's Sunday Tima. 

More than half thaw qaef- 
tioned thought that foe United 
put was a greater threat 
than tbe Soviet Unfealo world 
peace {29 per cent) or that tbe 
two sHper powers presented an 
equal danger (34 per cett). 

Sixty-six per cert tboagfat 
foe Americans paid too little 
attention to British views, and 
only 19 per cent believed that 

tbe Government sboold allow 
BL to be taken over by an 
American company, even if 
that would make it more 
successful comme r c i a l ly. 

Bat the mm carefully one 
looks at these and other 
answers m the poB, the more it 
seems to be that foe explana- 
tion lies not in hostility to the 
Americans bat in a lack of 
confidence both m the United 
States and in omsehts. 

There is snfficieat evidence 
in the writ, whkfa i* corrobo- 
rated by wider ob se rv ati o n , 
tint the Americans are art 
unpopular in ffeemseiruLSIx- 
ty-six per cent of those qnes- 
tioned agreed that they like 
Americans, and only Id per 
cent disagreed; and 64 percent 
said that they wo ul d like to 
faoGfay m the United States. 

American strength 
“overpowering” 

, AB this ceufinns what can 
Kaffir be observed: that the 
British tend find the United 
Steles a vital and exciting 
place, and that they get along 
well eimagb with Americana 
on a personal toil. But they 
also find American power a bit 
overpowering, and they are not 
convinced tut k is always 

exercised wisely. 

This last point la often 
misunderstood. The British do 
art believe the Americans are 
wannongere: 68 per rent ac- 
cept that President Reagan 
genuinely wants world peace. 
They simply doubt his judge- 
ment. 

That is why they regard foe 
teles as a threat to 


Umted Steles 
world 


The moral for 


Setback on code for 
council spending 


HOUSE OF LORDS 


An amendment proposed by a 
Government back bencher to 
foe Local Government Bifl, 
removing foe necessity ibr local 
authorities to consider codes of 
practice in deciding on money 
spent on publicity, was carried 
by 119 to 108 majority against 
the Government, 11, during the 
second day of the committee 
stage in foe House of Lands. 
Lari. Campbell of Allow*? (CL 
moving the amendment, said it 
was designed to ensure the codes 
issued by the secretary of state 
were advisory only and for foe 
guidance of local authorities in 


detaining whether to incur 
expenditure on pubfiaty. 

Lord Elton, Minister of State for 
the Environment, said remov- 
ing the requirement ihm focal 
authorities should include foe 
code in their deliberations 
would deprive ratepayers of a 
fundamental reassurance about 
foe proper conduct of local 
government. 

Councils most consider their | 
duty to their ratepayers in 
considering money spent on] 
publicity. . 

The code would be a yardstick 
and not a stzaitiackrt.lt was not I 
an onerous or 'dangerous 
requirement. Those opposed to 
it were taking fright at a paper 
tiger. 


Vickers sale: 2 


Building a strategy for the future 


* f The skyline of the town of 
jarrow-m-Furness is domi- 
ciled by a vast partially 
- i instructed building in which 

Pm ress ° n ihe Trident programme . 

■ - rear missiles will be assem- 


I n the second of two articles on Vickers Shipbuilding 
and Britain 's submarine building programme. Rodney 
Cowton , Defence Correspondent, looks at early 


»«L 

/The building, which will 

■ ]jme into use this autumn, 
uiil be 853 feet long and more 
Jtan 164 feet high. 

* Inside it wiU be possible to 
-NCjijd fo^ warships or subma- 
, fries simultaneously under 
-I pver, and move them about 
[p bogeys. This covered facili- 
“ 6 is the most visible element 
- jf Vickers' £230 million mod- 
ernization programme. 

■■ \ The company says the 
zheme was pkumed even 

■ r^fore the Government chose 
a ]te Trident system to replace 

-^-* 0 laris, and that it has re- 

- paired only relatively minor 

- ranges to adapt it ibr the 
.. indent submarines, 

•. H is now central to Britain's 
jib marine construction pro- 
ramme, and the company 
{?pes these facilities, together 


have not yet been completed 
with the Ministry of Defence 
on the Trident contract, about 
£300 million has already been 
spent on design and initial 
steelwork for these vessels. 

in one workshop there lies a 


tubes which will be fitted into 
the submarines. Each vessel 
will have 16 of them. 

This first one was supplied 
by the US, but all around u are 
sections of other tubes which 
are being fabricated by 
Victors. 

In other workshops there 
are giant steel hoops more 
than 40 feet in diameter, 
which wiU form foe frame on 
to which foe hull of the 
submarines will be welded. 

.... _ — . These hoops are about a 

. Jtfc outer factors, will enable - third bigger thaq foe frames 
■to achieve about a one-third for Britain's nuclear-powered 
Productivity by the hunter-killer submarines, and 
. . dwarf those for the Royal 
. j Lven though negotiations Navy’s new class of diesel- 
%r‘ - 


electric submarine, the Type 
2400. 

Although, as a privatized 
company by the end of March, 
Vickers will be seeking export 
orders for both submarines 
and surface warships, it is 
huge steel tube, 40 feet long inevitable that work for the 
and about nine feel in diame- Royal Navy will be the bulk of 
ter. It is the first of the missile Its activities for the next 10 


years at least 

The Barrow yard has recent- 
ly received an orSer for tbe 
Navy’s nineteenth nudear- 
powered hunter-killer subma- 
rine. Further orders are likely 
to come in a reasonably steady 
sequence, with a new design 
probably being introduced in 
two or three years. 

On present plans orders for 
for three diesel-electric Type 
2400 submarines placed last 
month will be assembled at 
the Cammell Laird yard at 
Birkenhead, which is part of 
the Vickers Shipbuilding and 
Engineering company. But the 
rate of future ordering of this 
class of submarine is one of 
tbe main uncertainties in na- 


val equipment procurement 
during foe next 10 years. 

The Type 2400 is intended 
to replace the Oberon class 
submarines which entered ser- 
vice in foe 1960s. 

The Government's stated 
policy is to keep the combined 
numbers of hunter-killere and 
diesel-powered submarines 
roughly constant, but it has 
also said that it does not plan 
to order any more Type 2400s 
until the early 1990s: Taken 
together these point very 
strongly to at least half a dozen 
of the Oberons remaining in 
service until they are perhaps 
30 years okL 

On its present posture tbe 
Government win have a 
choice of either allowing foe 
submarine fleet to contract, or 
else keeping numbers up by 
operating obsolescent vessels. 

The management at Videos 
appears relaxed about the 
prospects for further British 
orders for the Type 2400, 
partly perhaps pinxung hopes 
on prospects fix-export orders, 
for example, from Canada. 


Perhaps h also calculates Hud 
foe age of the Oberon fleet wiQ 
mean that further orders can- 
not be delayed beyond about 
1990. 

Coochtded. 



new-born 

in a telephone kiosk in Southport, 
Tin temperalore was -d°C. With him Is Police 
Jonathan Kent who found him and whose —wu» 
maternity hospital staff gjtre to the baby. 


BBC changes delayed 


The future shape of broad- 
casting wiU not be settled until 
after the next general election, 
Lord Thomson of Monifieth, 
chairman of the Dndtmendeol 
Broadcasting Authority, said 
yesterday. 

Lord Thomson's timetable 
of (possible change for broad- 
casting confirms what many 
television executives have 
thought privately about the 
aftermath of the Peacock 
committee’s investigation 
into the financing of the BBC 


Originally, the Government 
had hoped that there would be 
sufficient time to implement 
Peacock's recommendations 
before the next election. But 
foe political room for -ma- 
noeuvre lias since narrowed, 
and the Home Office's priori- 
ties have shifted 

Peacock will still report to 
the Government this summer, 
but action on the committee’s 
findings is not an urgent issue 
for foe Home Secretly. 


«P. 


Jews get 
computer 
law link 

By CUffonl Langley . 

Jewish religious courts in 
London have boon given di- 
rect access to a computer in 
far.wl that has been pro-i 
grammed to answer questions ] 
on Jewish law. 

The courts can call 
derisions on earlier 
rabbinical writings oh 
points, references to particular 
points in the Bible, and other 
authoritative source books of 1 
Jewish law such as the Tal- 
mud and the Midrash. 

The first computer temtihal 
of its kind in Europe, connect- 
ed to the main computer at 
Bar Ban University in Israel, 
has been installed at Jews’ 
College, London. It was a 
sixty-fifth birthday present to 
the Chief Rabbi, Sir Immanu- 
el Jakobovfts, from two mem- 
bers of the Jewish comm' 


peace. 

Who are 

Angfo^American relations is 
that American leaders need to 
explain their policies and pttr^ 
poses with much more care on 
this side of the Atlantic. 

But it is the lack of confi- 
dence revealed in Britain that I 
.’find particularly dis tur bing. 
.We no longer think that we 
court hi the world. We do art 
believe that the Americans 
listen to our views. We fear 
that our industry cannot com- 
petewith theirs, unless offered 
special protection. 

These attitudes have been 
evident in the Westland crisis 
.and, with less jnstification, in 
the farore over BL. They point 
to one of tire besetting weak- 
nesses in Britain at the mo- 
ment: tbe prevailing lack of 
spirit We prefer to hang on to 
the jobs we have rather than 
look far better ones; to sncconr 
dying companies rather than 
concentrate our energies of 
developing stronger ones; to 
regard change as a threat 
rather than an all y. 

-Germany more 
self protective 

This approach to competi- 
tion bom the United States 
contrasts with what I found in 
West Germany last week. The 
Germans would have been 
more European and more pro- 
tectionist than the British 
Government over Westland. 
That is because they regard 
foe Americ an - market in de- 
fence procurement as so pro- 
tected as to make this field a 
special case. 

But in general the Germans 
believe that their industry is 
doing; well enough not to be 
tOfraai of foe Americans. Even 
the anxiety over tbe European 
capacity to compete in new 
technology, which one encoun- 
tered a year or so ago, seems 
now to have evaporated. 

TEs German confidence ap- 
pears to be foreatened only by 
the affixations of scandal. 


which affect foe federal gov- 
ernment and . foe administra- 
tion hi West Berlin. This is 
particularly disturbing - to 
West Berlin as an tndare, 
whose success depends so 
ranch upon confidence, and 
record of economic 


showing significant improve- 
ment 

Brt the overall level of 
confidence fa Germany offers' 

a lesson to Britab: that if we 


ass 

Immanuel m turn passed it on | The United States could 


permanent loan to the col. 
foe main centre of studies 
Orthodox Jewry in Britain. 

Jewish religious courts de- 
ride cases concerning mar- 
riage, conversions, and 
matters ofrituaL 


certainly improve Ha perfor- 
mance as an ally. But in oar 
pesent mood we would proba- 
bly feci nervous of American 
; power, no matter bow well 
[jaiged .their performance 
itbe,-- • • 




i> 


The Frenc h elections 


spectre of 

constitutional 

instability 

Unte Fmm Diana Getfdes » 

pneral 1 to avoid political 

SiZttSZ- pSi^TA 

M Barn's SDggstim, ^ 

S2t4E5.Sv'tai*«» Hush-'*-*-*-*? 




Falkland 
islanders’ 
plea to 
save fish 

Port Stanley (AP) - Falk- 
land Islanders raged Britain to 

impose a fishing zone around 
the archipelago when they 
welcomed lady Young. mS- 
J8J of State at the Foreign 
Official toe start ofa five-diy 

A zone would help to con- 

™ fishing m ^ Sou± 

Atlantic where stocks are 

[ threatened by fisb-feaorv 

fleets of trawlers 
fr °™^everal foreign countries. [ 
l P c demonstration was or- I 


’*'■ ^ * UV A 


*•** l/UU 


■-_|| a.i-a r^rn prn 


Ior s, who held up placards 
reading: “Penguins need their 
squid quota, too" and "Save 
our midlife - save our 
future.” 

J h ? s, '| ns reflect the 
zanders tears that overfish- 


O v tnanAQ mwa 



®St ' 

[ V - 


■ • • 

»***> • 
tr< 





.-"kySlSS-; >^5*f*.***&&S 




I Surprise 
concessic 
by Korea 
leader 

Seoul {AFP) - Pres, 
Cnun Doo Hwan of S 
korea yesterday prop 
constitutional amendir 
by 1989 as the Oppos 
pushed ahead with its ■ 
paign to have preside 
elections by popular vote 
Mr Chun, elected Pres 
by an electoral college anc 
to step down in 19887saic 
the amendments shoult 



uon campaign to collec 
million signatures backi 
constitution revision alio 
Popular presidential elect 
Dunng the night a p 
cordon was removed fror 
KJm s house. 

This allowed 164 merr 
of the party’s 275-man Ce 
Committee to gather at 
headquarters to resolve 
mally to press on with 
campaign. 


_T_ Uv WU3 HI 

agreement with M Raymond 
“acre, the only one of the 
opposition leaders to have 
resisted that cohabitation will 
not work, bm said he totally 
disagreed with M Bang on 

l^aris hits 
at US over 
Baby Doc 

FVomOnrOwn 

Correspondent 

Paris 


_ — “.toe north of the 
country? Linder the constitu- 
b°rc the Prime Minister was 
8° ver renent, but 
the President was Command- 

wP“ f of the «™> 

Growing 
threat 
to Kohl 

From Frank Jobnson 
Bonn 


As increasingly forlorn at CWdbTS ml 
tempts continue to find a 
rairetty to acrapi the foSier 

President Jean-Claade Duva- S f° |Mr ? 

^“^“iFra^euimtated SSt Umag ^ I 

with the US lor refusing to 

take in its fonn*r jroiege. . fiaefly how serious no one 

M Laurent Eabius, .the here yet knows. That includes 
«une Munster, said on TV ™e opposition politicians who 
that the American attitude .calling on Hen- Kohl to 
JJJf 1101 ngbt” He insisted dari *y **»e situation, and are' 
™pe would not keep "Baby stoPP»*g short of demanding 
UP*- ' y*o has been living j* resignation. But Herr' 
with his family in luxuryat Gerhard Stoltenberg, the 
Tailioires m the French Ah* Minister of Fmmn> ^ l 


t Kohl as ChancelS^ 

^^LP uva £ er ^ ^ “cans Wed yesterday by Der Spie- 
to nay m France despite last I J? ** privately saying that the 
week s decision by the office I srteatwu was "very, very 
for the protection of refugees "now”. 

. ■ • : As expected, the public 

j Prosecutor’s office at Kobleaz 
fT It*** 6 ***? decided to proceed 

ms?..: .Zjm ' . ™ « investigatim of the 

mp--': •' - charge, made m a private 

to® Green MP, 
°«° Schily, that Hm 
• gave false testimony 

- I befweacmnmitteeoftheLand 
- - ^tioment of the Rhiueland- 

^otomtoi where Hen- Kohl 
I was Land Prime Minister. 

I ^ Kohl bad fold the 
cnraHtee that he did not 

M DuivnBer: left Haiti (know that an inst it u te , on* 
because “l hate violence”. | wh^ebehalf berecrivS^xiii. 

to reject" his plea for refugee 

ss?deS(^ aj3pealin8 against 

In his .first interview since SLdT” **"** 
amving, he said on French J t*. « 

radio that he was w illin g to ! *. ^ “ st^e will be either 
live only in France. He had I .P^tocprosaoatorannonne' 
never understood that his stay *?* *«« wffl be no 

was merely temporary. I * a comt unuMmonc 
“If -T had not understood ! to** Herr Kohl will go on trial, 
that the only country in foe I Bert this is not the only fecal 
world to which I feel close [ threat to the ChanceUo?^r 
wouldwefcome me, I would I Schily has also taken eat a 
n 9* faave left power ” he I private smnmons ap»*«»t Herr 
saniaddmg he had decided to fRohl aHeging foat the Chan- 

leave Haiti because “I hate jceOor gave false testimony to a 
v tofe®J' c - .. . ' | committee of the JfedtentiPv. 

M‘Diivalier said toat he had (tounent (Bratdestaa) mvesti- 
no fear of being expelled, [g ating the . 

de^ne a declaration by M (much huger case of unde- 
rabms that expulsion would I dared m litkal donariMK. 
have to be considered. j to.- 
^ Despite France’s evid e nt L^SJffiS ) ^5 [e,^ ^ l, 


THE INSIDE 


i. 


Z 1 ' 


*■ •>» 


1 ? 


■r 


4 


■ 


'Si*'-' 








A- 




quickly asposable. some dffi- «?“ 

cials are beginning to suggest ctams that 

in private tema/beSto SS&HlTiJSirt' 1 h 
stay. Expufeon is not postil SSuSSSi/SS*!!?"^- 
unless another country ac- pMied 


I Frau Jnfiane 


r- » 


on 


From Ahmed Fazl, Dhaka 

^DiMndsoTpeopfetuhred auhe capitaTs northern Ster- 

up in fiont of the nahonal hn.hr, , 

Pajliamem yKttrday chanting Kn. S. 
slogsns as Sheikh Hasina foe military ruler ■ 

Wazed, the Bangladesh oppo- m 

sition leader, vowed to re 1 • J™*: Wazed, . teader of foe 
move the conntrys four-year- ^fed for. a 

old milhaiy govenunent with (goneaH 

“a monto&g resistance ?*■>“ ?4 ffftSi- 

movemMit” from next month. ^^ret^ dJd notrQggnand 
Mrs Wazed, who beads a hade to 

15-pariy opposition Alliauce u ^ >aacs ' 
for Democracy, told her cheer- ' General Er shad triio 

ing supporters to or^mize seized power in a March 1982 
people's committees in every -°up, had said that he would 
town .and village to resist the bold elections by foe end of I* 
government of President Jun e- . I 

Erehad. > Kot lie rejected ^Dosfflhil.' I 

■ Witnesses said that at least ity of liftfog maniaj lawor his I 
half a million people gathered resignation before the polls. I" 




- .A ’ . . 


• . 3 









As soon as the Chancellor sit 
down, we jump to it 

Our experts at Ernst & Whinne 
pore eagerly over the Budget in ever 
last detail 

They consider the implication 
for business and the individual. 

And work through the night t< 
present them to you in a straight 
forward, readable fashion. 

By the early hours of the nex 
morning, our Budget Synopsis i 
nished. 

Ready to be despatched dir 
x:t to your desk in the form o 
a handy booklet. 

If youd like a copy, pleas, 
telephone Roger Bruce or, 
01-928 2000 . 

It’s your chance to discovei 
quickly how much the budgei 
could cost you. 

And it’s entirely free o: 
chaige. 

_ Ernst &Whinne\" 














THE TIMES TUESDAY FEBRUARY 25 1986 


-Sfl 


fom 

_Vsht 

Test 

lies 

s rs 
nisi 


— lam 
/hei 

— efo 
r =rie 

nan 
95S 
>st 1 
" -hei 
los rst 
i 967 
La utp 
me ^ 
cie on- 
po 1 In 
figi ad 
ant re* 
na. est 
Dc »ur 
Du v o ' 
/ rst 
tin )wl 
Nk i t] 
pol idc 
the nu 
Eu ith 
evi i sj 
em in 
of aul 
1 ‘tw. 
pie atti 
Mi 3ul 
the ns 
Hi: W 
Bo die 
Ce all 
eai ind 
coi otl 
crc ow 
wh no 
wa :n 

n« dc 

“« n 

ha- LJ 


Ob v e 
blc str 
1 ir 
im eai 
ovi tht 
Po v ! e 

p? rde 

tta -e. 
flei on 
Gr ila 
mi i 
ths nd 
flu «» 

, i 01 

/III w 
pu' t , 
arc iw 
off i 
of d* 
Bo n 
Ba ,C1 

* 4 
IX 2 




You have 42 agents covering 


countries. 


You need to get a message to 

them all by 6pm tonight. 

It is now &2S and your 


There are no other secretaries 

available and there is a power 
cut threatened at 5.45. 

What do you do? ^ 






Open the box. 


■Pon’t get left behind. Complete this coupon today. 
Before your rivals do. 


fn 


BTI Business Box, Freepost BS 3333, BS14YP or by phone (free of chaige) on 0800-400-414" 


Name: 

Company Name: 
Company Address: 


Job Tide: 

Your main business activity: 


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Does your business communicate irttetTtatjQpaTiyyYgsQ NoD 


BBITISH TELECOM INTEBHATIONAL • WE’LL put YOU ON TH 


E bight LINES 




■ 

I 


wj.'s: 

























Philippines crisis 


TIMES TUEXHa y hEBKUAKY 2S IQx* 


X\T t • OVERSEA 

Washington warni ng • Manila confusion O World reaction 

as asylum to his old friend Ma 




j/j i 

7M 


crisis, is willing to ofler 

EE? ff-y 

government, the White Ho^S 

^fiSSSSSSS 

g^BtoproloagttelifiJrf 

fiASP 1 304 toose loyal 
£»5£?.E? 1 fo violence 
the opposition force? - 
fif? 00 toreatenedtin 

to a *P ff *55 million 
m^aid immediately if be did 


One mile 


EpifanoDeLos 

SantasAvenue 


MALACANANG 
PALACE 


CAW 

[AGUtNALDO 


[CAMP 

LCRAME 


os embassy 


[CTTY HALL I 


r Rosea s 
i Boulevard 


PHILIPPINES 
Manila / 


AdmSsfratfon, *^fcep^ ea ^ bera^irf 1 ^ P cp ^ r P nent .ha* 
volved in the criStKed to SJi 8 ° vern - 

Ptevent a degeneration into In Opp^itlOll 


fi 


HM 


iife A STS? 1 * * oSFS&'&'BS 

assLaSSSS? ESS-asM 

prov^Sr^JS^rSb ( ^ > ' ^^^.andseenrhyadvis-: 

and issued frf^SL™ 81111 S'*’ the options and 

“A solutionuTtHi 3 ^ • ^ESPpS » close touch with the 

onljJe’Sdto^ •- 

peacefol transition J **' ■» 


voived u the crisis, tried to m«,. T™ 1 *° ven *• 

scsj Jte - " ** iKSE** 

Cutting short hi$ weekend SS^^rSlS 81 ^???. of 


P ^ te - P^ri5£.X* V ilu,a ’ 106 triend and ally, to leave 

followed a £SftoSitilS^,if B S UShadptanSavaiSs® 
fluny of acuvity ^ ^ ^“Man^manidieoan Clarice aicbase. SS. 
__ ysupossiofc. was not standing by 

Colonel flies into history 

WIlea the h' From David Walts, Manila " 

E^hori. dissolved int. 

Sy/^ ^ Force colonel *2" 5/ 1 W into fear of ret, 




---- * ««. ucaxanon or 

Marcos Cabinet ministers 
who have.arrived to lobby for 
support 

Mr Reagan will not see 
wem, however, and has not 
telephoned Mr Marcos direcl- 

. Mr Speakes said the Admin- 
isoation had told Mr Marcos 
Uiat he would be offered 
every assistance”, as an old 
mend and ally, to leave. The 
Ui had planes available at the 
Clarke airbase, though one 
was not standing by 


S‘ S 

(V'ji 



OVERSEAS NEWS 7 _ 

ction Obote 
r. flc man on 
murder 
charge 


Kampala (AP) — Two men 
who held high posts under 
former President Obote of 
Uganda appeared in court 
yesterday, one charged with 
murder, the other accused of 
kidnapping with intent to 
murder. 

Mr James Rwanyarare, for- 
| mer Minister for Culture and 
Community Development, 
was accused of killing a man at 
his farm in 1983. and Mr 
Matia Kjsembo. who was Dr 
Obote’s Deputy Minister of 
Information and Broadcast- 
ing, was charged with kidnap- 
ping and intending to murder 
a political opponent, also in 
1 9o3. 1 

Mr Rwanyarere, who could 
lace the death penalty if 
convicted, was ordered to be 
held at Luzira maximum- 
security prison until a court 
appearance on March 10. 


PoW swap in 
Afghanistan 

Islamabad (Reuter) - Af- 

ohdn r*ltO«H^llnn J 


Rebel troops detaining a pro-Marcos soMmW 

> .... 


— J Ol- 

&han guerrillas swapped a 

Soviet prisoner for a rebel." 
commander in a rare exchange " 

| near Kandahar, guerrilla 
sources said. 

Muhammad Ishaq, known 
as La la Malang, of the Paki- 
stan-based Hezb-e-IsIami 
guerrilla group, was ex-i 

changed with a Soviet soldier 
identified as Andrei? 

Sergei vicb Uslov. \ 




tea, ajo rial Air Force colonel «JT si ^ a foar of ntrita- 

sbonMgetsomeoftheSSr “ d *»■ Goeral Ramos and foe 

Jut when the hah«My gf --...j | IOT ?jJl?* rcos regime clandestine opposition radio 
P«er ten, w. tte TS rf “■*» IxgM^U^pSpte 

President Marcos and his back back off the streets into the 

nvub, Mr Joan Ponce Emile, Ws ****** rf Crame to 

of Defence, andcS STt£ for *** inevitable 

erai Fidel Ramos. Chief nf «-Sft?fiZ^ ed if , . f,l,re,efl * Muft - 
SMTofAe^h, th?™£ “Mr CWond Sotelo's 

Philippines Government” fem^wb^JSES XLS?* behcopters woe swinging low 
seemed dangerously to the thenBelve s «w the presidential** 

President’s advantage, Colo- **"*“ Six rockets stemmed 

° el Antenio fcSlJSSjija «°d the ideaof a pointed 

orders from Mr Marcos to oS/ £>. n ^ be f fben- civil war seemed a horrifying 
«*t«ck die two “teSr £ ;££?”• ^ ““Hf «* with emnxTmo^ 

Camp Crame with his lizard- The faHo«. n, ^ t towards the government Chan- 

SL , * ckh ‘ wt 

The helicopters came dat- going to fiStitoSwe’ve^t 

tomg ont of the dawn IfeSt XTStwSS eqmvalent firepower.” 

^ “mms. Priest*. stmiS rom? the^ x ^ ““mKement of an 

and workers were felling back believe easy to Aqmno provteiona] govern- 

m the face ofamassfo show of orcTfiirnSrs “be a pointkss 
force by riot control units of <a ptenelo; 1 diversion. The first inkling of 

asmg tear gas. on drep refl f^ed hope came wbea &n- 

For the defenders of Cnune, Store ^R^nios’s men captured the 

an attack by a dutch of firerf f«Sw &* ennDat * televteioa station 

the woritfs most deatflygan- fighgeaving Mr 

ships seemed the end%f ste,Mm »• Marcos without the voice so 

•wtetBig and- spra y ing fty PWnh* atmosphere. The i mtator Was 

J»se with mad&e-™^ beSS^hSfJ ^Sn^. stratt ^S ^ofcdess^ after 28 
CotendSeSoi hSroptere J^ I ^. nnlHHi ted access to > 

swung round in fine and settled CcmVS mat Mr the media; 

Peacefully onto the camp’s conference * KJ P ress . ®y luuditiiiie it was dear 

sports field. ^ the bespectacled, atoS 

“I had to make that nth _h»kmg dedd- owlish. General Ramos had i 


Euphoria dissolved into de- 


rfflilippues Government” 
^med dangerously to the 

nesneiifv r>.i. 


T •; £*. «• 
S 


W;&- 



m 


m 






wmm 


Crash rocket r 
■* had no fuel 


IKHHH OI 

mai ms *nd- spraying the 
5*se with marfiine-gmi fire. 
Colonel Sotelo's h^icoptm 
- 7ii^ round in fine and settled 
Pi^doDy onto the camp’s 
sports field. 


reports or tonics mass™.” jgg?" ortmag o state of 


isnjLrtutx Sssis: 

WEFsas* 

vuwnef ana ms men could hope was almost palpable. 


o T, «* mil. we re CUE 

eqmvaieot firepower.” 

Tie announcement of an 
Aquino provisional govern- 
ment seemed like a peintkss ■■■ 

diversion. The first inkfing of 
retired hope came when dc - > 

era l Ram os’s men captured the • 
government teievisioo station ii u 
After a fire ffght^eaving Mr 
Marcos without the voice so ' 
crucial in a fluid revolutionary H’u' 
a * Hws pherfc dictator Was '■ ' : 
strangely voiceless after 28. ■ - 
years of unlimited access to 
the media; * 

. ®y lunditime it was dear 

the bespectacled, almost * 
owhsh, Genoa! Ramos had ~m < 
won the vital backmg of the I m/ 
Air Force. J.f J 

. Jest then one of the toueb- 
“8 vignettes that brings alive 
the awful tensions of the Ti, e < 




Ottowa — US and Canadian] 
experts said an air-launchedi 
cruise missile which crashed! 
in Alberta last month on a test*" 
night ran out of fuel (John- 
Best writes). 

Reports at the time said the 1 
crash probably occurred be-, 
cause parachutes designed to. 
guide the unarmed missile to ai 
safe landing failed to open, f 




: ’;#y 


h*.- 


I - 

sar ■ 


**• 



Jail terms for f 
Solidarity trio ! 

Woreoiir / A D\ a - - 


Warsaw (AP) - A court itf 
Katowice has sentenced three 
Solidarity activists to prison- 
terms ranging from one to two 
years for distributing under- 
ground publications. 

Marek Jalosinski received a" 
m.°"J rc ? r . sentence, 
[Wlodzimierz Lesisz 16 
months, and Edward Soltys 
one year. 


w 


g £fT 

-lz "V \ 

ip 






Moscow sees CIA coup plot 

By Our Foreign Staff 

Thp fltpiat T IntAn — J . — _ 


straggle for the mdividuni T? e Sorfet Union and some 
pa my over the O'oosiiinn »». *!? r a l^ es yesterday accused 
dio: Professor of Law Alfredo ™ L £^l t f 1 f5_ of *° 


dm; Professor of Law Alfmin H? . Stales of trying to 
to his nephew. Atetio. roimtnes urged him to 


the nun who sent in his troops Lrov emmems around the 
against the nuns at dawn, thd ^ 0lM . reacted to the fluid 


against the nuns at dawn, thd ^ or ^. reacted to the fluid 
man commanding the largest ^tuanon, m which the provj- 
and most deadly body of goverameni led by Mrs 


and most deadly body of ^. 0Dai goveniroeni led by Mrs 
troops wbio have not yet rallied c<)razo ® .Aquino was an- 
te the revotatioa, the m ap who °° nnce d, *n advance of Mr 
can yet turn a triumph of M . arcos s . scheduled 


In Tokyo, the Prime Minis- 
ter of Japan, Mr Yasuhiro 
Nakasone. said that he and a 
senior aide to President Rea- 
gan agreed yesterday tha* Ja- 
pan and the US should try to 
settle the crisis without blood- 
shed. 

The Japanese Ambassador 
to the Philippines, Mr Kiyoshi 
Sumiya, telephoned Mr Mar- 


can yet turn a triumph of IV, . arcos s . scheduled 
peaceful protest into a bloody re “ aa 8 u rahon today, 
disaster. A report in Pravda said that 

u Viu- — .i. ■ . “observers” Haim that « mm. 


“Your unde and Auntie “ obse [ vers ’' claim that a coup 
Florence are both here m the was p ““ Iied “gainst Mr Mar- 
office with Rmmi D.»- cos and that the Central 


office with General Ramos. P 5 „? nd *bat the Central 
Year six oousios are also here f“* eU igence Agency may have 
in Gi*m Cramo u/a taken part 


to Camp Cnune. We would . , 

like to show you our foil family inenutippmes partners m 
support to the People’s Move- .. ““cialioo of South East 
®ent or the power for the Asw “ N “toms (Asean) called 


meat or the power for the Asw “ Nasons (Asean) called 
restoration of democracy in * n ■ Mai i cos “"d Mrs 
the Phifippims ... a profes- t0 en ^ neer a peaceful 

snma] soldier is not one who ~ ^ 


- - — - K*^vviui 

resolution. 

owes blind obedience to his A statement by the five 
professional superiors. A pro- ““otiire - Brunei, Indonesia, 
fesswnai soldier is one who Malaysia, Singapore and 
makes his dedsfoas on the; J™ llan j £l “ they had 


Britaio’s call 

The Foreign Office said in 
London that democracy must 
be returned to the Philippines: 
developments reflected “the 
strength of feeling over the 
fraudulent conduct of the 
fictions and the pressing need 
to restore democracy." British 
Airways suspended its twke- 
weekly service to Manila 


Jub&bmi rebel leaders Juan Ponce Enrfle, left, am 
Fidd Raiao s at Camp Crame yesterday. 

Britain backs 1 


makes his dedsfoas on the; Ift ,llan j 1 “ ^ ^d 

basis of eridence and intd- ■ oUow ® 1 developments with 
lect ... rm sure that is what mcre asing concern. The state- 
you have in mind. We are ment, J whi £h came before 


and General 


you have in mind. We are menl »_ J which came before 
appealing far yon to pray for yeslerd ?/ s “gluing, said there 
G®*Ts gusfeuce.” ^ still tune to act with 


Leading, article: page 13 


— IV UV1 wiui 

restraint to bring about, a 
peaceful resolution. 




,V. ■£* 


Wx£& 



By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Corre^iondent 

Britain ^stertiay welcomed' Thatcher outfining his ro- tkmT leaa&ig "to their ictal 
Presictent Reagan s lateg pro- spoose to Mr Gorbachov, eliminati^on a global basis 
posal for el im inating US mid President Reagan said he told by 1989 

die Soviet leader that the US • Undei- the Reagan plan the 
S?L53E;S. Ai “ ° VCr °? U a not “9S°tiate on behalf number of Sum-range 
■ L df nudear powers. missile launchers hdd by tbe 

d-Sw »on to US and the Soviet Union 

-Jz ZS&f tis own reply, to an would be reduced to 140 each 


HW1 » IWW JMMHi 

British sources variously 
described Mr Reagan’s reply 
to the arms reduction plan 
which Mr Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, outlined on 
January 15 as “ingenious”, “a 
good response” and a good 
basis for further negotiation. 

One British official ex- 
pressed the view that there 
was now a real chance of 
reaching an interim settlement 


2,500 held 
in Peru 
round-up 

By Our Foreign Staff 


cos to ask him “to avoid 
bloodshed at all costs.” 

The Peking Government 
refrained from political com- 
ment. bui news reports in 
China said that a military 
confrontation was possible. 

European Community for- 
eign ministers, in a special 
meeting yesterday in The 
Netherlands, were expected to 


s- try to co-ordinate their ap- 

0 proach. 

a No EEC country is expected 
i- to send a representative to the 
‘ inauguration ceremony, if it 
3 goes ahead, and officials said 
- ministers would discuss tak- 
ing common action to demon- 
r straie their governments’ 

1 displeasure with Mr Marcos. 

■ including a possible recall of 

ambassadors. 

Spain did call home its 
ambassador for consultations 
yesterday, because of what the 
Foreign Minister, Sehor Fer- 
nandez Ordonez, described as 
“the senous situation”. 

M Laurent Fabius. Prime 
Minister of France, said: “We 
must give our support to 
democracy and say that we are 
at the side of Mrs Aquino ” 

The New Zealand Prime 
Minister, Mr David Lange, 
said that Mr Marcos should 
nee to avoid slaughter and 
mayhem. Embassy reports 
from the Philippines, he said, i 
suggested that Mr Marcos was ; 
on the verge of leaving, but no < 
destination was specified. i 
. “The simple fact is that * 
simply by remaining there he s 
will be the personal catalyst 1 
for slaughter and mayhem.” J 
Mr Lange said. - 


r - Halfway free 

Embassy *&:■ aftjfss.i 

business 

** ^ semi-independence which will 

no 11 vo 1 leave the United States in 

€*& UaUal control of its defence for SO* 

„ _ . years. it 

By Nicholas Ashford 17— • •/ 

Diplomatic Correspondent rHCIHlS Bg£UH 

While chaos reigns in Ma- (AFP) - Nigeria ha," 

Ite, It was business as nsnal j}j m - Mr George Dove- 
esterday at the Philippines top civil servant in 

mbassy in London. Jr 1 ? Ministry of External Af 

“We are all working ta'^-^itanewHighCommis-" 
pnnaily,” said a Filipino S10ner 10 Bri tain, ending IS 
ipkunat who asked not to be raon ^ ls °f diplomatic es-l 
lined. “After afi, we are dvfl ^gemenL 

ESI f SJ? £ Fans injured 


While chaos reigns in Ma- 
nila. it was business as nsnal 
yesterday at the Philippines 
Embassy in London. 

"We are all working, 
nonnaily,” said a Filipino 
diplomat who asked not to be 
named. “After all, we are civil 
servants and we work for 
whoever is running the 
Government." 


Tkv ^ 1 cure iKeuierj — Twelve 

not tiie view of people were injured, two oi 
FhS Beta tou |e ' toe them with stab wounds, in 


r-z: wiui siao wounds, i& 

rirst secretary who an- violence during and after the 

™ ***** the 5° lbaJI ieague march between 

“0 fonger supported Fioremina and Roma. 
President Marcos. p* 

. N ° r foe Phflippiue r ire protest 

Toronto ^Reuter) - A 63- 


■ - . . — V, MUIUUU- 

Jyjn.his Embassy. He has 
been in Manila since January 
“for consultations”. 

• ROME; Cardinal Sin of the 
PhdippMses lias postponed in- 


------ UJ. 

vear-old man set himself on 
fire outside the American 


consulate in Toronto in pro- 
test against the deportation oi 
an alleged Nazi, Mr Andrija" 


Treason verdict on white 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

vhitp man Cria . 


. r r r r i™»i|™wu in- <wi, iyij nuania 

definitely a trip to the Vatican Artukovic, from the irs to 
darmg which be was to have Yugoslavia. He is critically iU. 

situation hi Show deaths 

Philippines church leader in Pekina (API — 

Rome^said yesterfay (Renter people w 8 ere trim pWtota to 
n a * a ^ntarn festival in the 


A white man, Eric Pelser, 
aged 21. who admitted under- 
going military training with 

ihp Afnnon C 1 ... - 


3^d 1 9, from Durban’s 
KwaMashu Township, admit- 
ted planting the mine that 

bllltvf fiufl nikl'ta. J I 


y wu reply IO an would tie reduced to 140 each 
jnvnation itreceived from Mr in Europe by 1987, with 
VOrtMCftov “S* month to proportional reductions - in 

enter mtn arms 1 nvtnnini» *n« TkM..»_uv..£ .■ 


iuuuui iu piupomouai reoucuons in 
enter rnto ^ arais reductions Asia. There would be a farther 
talks with the Soviet: Union. 50 per cent cut in Europe and 
There had been consider-: Asia in 1988. 


** ** * wvir 

able di$qukt in London and 
other European capitals earli- 
er this month that the US 


The President's reply also 
dealt with strategic, chemical 
and conventional arms and 


■ . . . . — . — — ~ «u convenuo 

mi^t be tempted to enter a space weapons. 

mfidmnWHlIWr missile a pn*n- a nrramr * . n 




foxcejpJF) missiles before the that would leave West Europe OTODOsaisw^unfhlwt 
next Reagan-Ckntacbov sum- militarily vulnerable. ■ 

mit later this year. ■ .'The European omnirio 


SV. ffi 

f w? 




mil later tins year. 

There was considerable re- 
lief in London that Mr Reagan 
had firmly refected Mr 
Gorbachov’s proposal for a 
freeze on British and French 
independent nuclear deter- 
rents at existing levels. 

This, together with a pro 

I 1— -f- - TP 


The Biropean- countries 
bad expressed fears about 
Soviet superiority in conven- 
tional .forces and. the threat 
posed by short-range missiles 
based in Chechoslovakia dar- 
ing consultations which Mr 
Paul Nitze, President 


i iiu, i u y#UK i nuii a 

posal to ban the transfer of US 
missiles to Britain, would 
have prevented Britain from 
replacing its present Polaris 
submarine force with Trident 
In his six-page letter to Mrs 


US negotiators to their Rus- 
sian counterparts yesterday 
during a meeting at the Soviet 
diplomatic mission (Alan 
McGregor writes). 

A plenary session lasting 
almost an hour was followed 
by further discussion between 
toe two superpowers’ ddega- 


About 2,300 suspects have 
been rounded up after more 
than 20 terrorist attacks in 
Peru over the weekend. 

Four sticks of dynamite 
exploded less than 200 yards 
from where President Garcia 
was addressing a party rally in 
Trujillo, northern Peru, on 
| Saturday night, but no one 
was hurt. 

In Lima, two men and a 
woman fired shots at a police 
station, without causing casu- 
alties. 

Those detained included a 
man and woman who tried to 
set fire to an office of the 
ntong Apra party, and an 
army deserter, 

Sticks of dynamite were 
tonwn from cars at six em- 1 


mm. mim 


I ’J — w -U UU^IWIilb 

Court here yesterday. It is 

believed to be the first case of 
ns kind in more than 20 yeans. 

The defence did not dispute 
the facts of the case as 
presented by the State, but 
argued in mitigation that 
Pelser was a confused and 
essentially non-violent ideal- 
ist rather than a dedicated 
guerrilla. The judge is due to 
pass sentence today. 

Meanwhile, in a Durban 
court Andrew Zondo. a black 


Botswana to avoid compul- 
sory military service in South 
Africa, and while there was 
introduced to a man he knew 
only as “comrade Pete”. He 
was recruited by the ANC and 
flown to to Lusaka, the Zam- 
bian capital. 

In Zambia be volunteered 
to join Umkhqnto We Siswe, 
the ANCTs military arm. and* 

enpm Mic .1 


u_ j .. . - — : was rcuruiiea oy Ute AN 

flown to to Lusaka, the 

terday that he had acted on his bian capital ' 
own and had not intended to . _ ' 

kill anyone. His target had «. n Zambia he volun 

been the offices of the South to join Umkhonto We : 
African Airways. toe ANCs military am 

At the lime, the ANC said spem j 1 ® over toree m 
that one of its guerrilla units al - a in Angola 
was probably responsiWe for ,rai , . ,n “tactics, fire 
the blast but maintained that ex P*osives and politics” 
it was not acting under in- He was sent back to ' 
structions from the high com- Africa with £2,350 an a 


— ivju *iii iii me 

eastern province of Jiangsu. 

Home hunt 

Bonn (AFP) - Bhagwan 
Snree Rajneesh, the Indian 
guru expelled from the US in 
November, said he was hop- 
ing to settle in West Germany, 
whose young he described as 
being prisoners of neither 
religion nor politics. 


Police plea 


Barcelona (Reuter) - Span- 
ish police have asked Den- 
mark to extradite Mr James! 
Gomez, a Gambian, who is 




here in October. He was 
arrested in Copenhaiien Ijjct 

emcnoe todSy] “ “?* r in - He was sent back to South Monda y* a «^ed of Shoplifi- 

snwhile, in a Durban S. ^ hj>h Com ‘ ^ ca 1 S lh £2 ’ 350 ’ » AK-47 ,n 8- 
^Andrew Zondo. a Mack Pdgr admitted he wen, ,o Rebels tO dte 

J r ? n rt b ? osts forces in war zone 

--Sag Soas&SE 

Iterriloiy in southern in a'strike 1 ^ counter-attack had made N<iZI fllllSf CY) \ 

'hfle Iraq reported slow ; ™ y . aay * headway, but indicated 1UU ® 1 6^ A 

■es for its counter-at- - ,ran ^id its troops wiped progress on the two other , Washington (Reuter) - The 7 
[ forces. ? ul two Iraqi infantry battal- fron ts. Ui> Supreme Coun denied an 

£»’£» sSSSS Sf jag 

ftflzass jTJa aag;- fi3si"sysi 

camp. 


h^wth Nato countries two Gfibnao *od Mr AtoS 


w ^ s ^ 0 -. •_ “ Obukhov. 

TMnon^ffrt^nSr f ^ ^ No considered Soviet reac- 

SSS’taSSSS 


weapons. ; President Ri 
has proposed a phased r 


■ (AitUlC UJC 

negotiations are adjourned for 
a six-week recess on March 4. 


- j kUMCW, 

imposKl two weeks ago, went 
into effect 

The Government blames 
the Maoist guerrilla organiza- 
tion-, Sendero Luminoso 
(Shining Path). 


Stkks of dynamite were volunte^iterday'to whirfi sfrgliiT'daS^i 31 ^ 

aas-ci ss^s,. , aa 

puna and the United States Baq. whfle Iraq reported slow , - • y ' 
just before the 1 am curfew advances for its counter-at- ,ran ^ jts troops wiped 
Imposed two weeks ago, went tacking forces. P ut two Iraqi infantry battal- 


[ Baghdad said its Navy at- 
tacked two ships near Iran’s 
l harg Island oil terminal in 
the northern Gulf on Sunday 
night, while Iran said it shot 


.Iran said ns troops wiped 
put two Iraqi infantry battal- 
ions attacking its front lines 
north of the disused Iraqi oil 
port of Fao, which Iran cap- 
lured early in its 15-day 

offensi ve into southern Iraq. 
Iraq's official news agency. 






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TVOm 

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p"srie 

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)St 1 

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La utp 
me iak 
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S or In 
gi ad 
am res 

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Dc »ur 
Du v o • 
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pol idc 
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OVERSEAS NEWS 




Labour delegates get 
equal billing 
at Moscow congress 


From Christopher Walker, Moscow 


- 1 The British Labour Party 
irfin be one of a number ofleft- 
-iag European political par- 


ts whose delegations to the 
7th Conoess of the Soviet 


7th Cong) ess of the Soviet 
' fommunist Party win he at- 
unding on an equal footing 
ith foreign Communist par- 
* es and various revolutionary 


.roupings from around the 

•"Vld, 


dalist International would 
also be represented. 

According to British 
sources, the Labour Party’s 
team at the congress, which is 
expected to be one of the most 
significant in the Communist 
Party’s history, will consist of 
Mr George Robertson, MP for 


| Mr Vadim 7aglaH»n l first 
eputy head of the party’s 
Mtemational department, drs* 
. osed yesterday that for the 
ret time delegations from 
ibour, socialist and social 
rmocractic parties would be 
Mven equal status with Com- 
lunists from abroad. He said 
te gesture was being made to 
nnonstrate “our readiness 
ir co-operation with all dem- 
ratic and peace forces com- 
*ig out for security of the 
copies and for prevention of 
uclear war". 





Mr .Robertson; part of a 
low-key delegation. 
Hamilton, and Ms Jenny Lit- 


Mr Zagladin told a press 
inference that, out of the 153 
dega lions from 113 coun- 
' ies attending the congress, 
hich opens today, 21 would 
'-e from labour, socialist and 
orial democractic parties, 
-mong them would be groups 
“om Fiance, Italy, Spain, 
.i recce. The Netherlands, 
weden and Japan. The So- 


tle. secretary of the party’s 
international department. 


international department. 

In diplomatic circles there 
was speculation that one rea- 
son for the low-key nature of 
the Labour delegation was a 
desire on the part of the 


leadership to avoid the politi- 
cal difficulties that would 
ensue if top Labour figures 
were seen enjoying equal sta- 
tus with such international 
participants as President 


Karraal, leader of the Afghan 
delegation, and Commando 1 
Fermfin Genfuegos, the Sal- 
vadorean guerrilla leader. 

The decision by Mr 
Gorbachov to change the facil- 
ities offered to non-commu- 
nist parties was seen as fort of 
his policy of attempting to 
forge new left-wing alliances 
in Europe to counter the US 
military presence. 

As part of the drive to line 
up West European public 
opinion behind the Kremlin's 
opposition to the US Star 
Wars programme, Mr 
Gorbachov has already agreed 
to visit Italy and Greece later 

this year, alter his successful 

trip to Paris last October. 

One senior diplomat said 
yesterday: “The decision to 
upgrade the status of the leftist 
parties appears pert of Mr 
Gorbachov’s attempt to 
spread the image of the new 
Soviet society as far as possi- 
ble. It coincides with the 
complete disappearance of 
disputes over Euro-Commu- 
nism as a congress issue." 

Although foreign participa- 
tion in the congress will be 
higher than ever before, the 
Chinese Communist Party has 



The third annhwauy of 
Leonid Brezhnev's death last 
year. was marked by Prarda 
with an article entitled “Flat- 
tery and Obsespidusaess n , 
which was unmistakeahly crit- 
ical of his leadership and drew 
on readers* tetters to support 
its scathing attack on the 
idolatry which characterized 
the long Brezhnev era. 

Doing the .crucial 27th 
Party Congress, which opens 
today , dose attention wiO be 
paid to how mach.forther Mr . 
MRAofl Gorbachov, the Sovi- 
et leader, lakes the process of 
“de-Brezhnevizatioa", and 
how personal foe attacks on 
the once venerated leader, 
whose 18-year rile is now 


- 27th - 
► PARTY4 
CONGRESS 

V P&rt2 . d 


of mystery **>B aartwmfc the 

witfafn the hinanaiy - the 
congress wffl also n*n» a new 
CeXaLCwniaRtee Secretary 


for the Soviet Union's econom- 
ic plight, became. 

Particular note will betaken 
of the event traditionally re- 


, brained scheme**’,. Mr 
Gorbadbov has been much 
more assiduous in placing his 
own men in key posts. 

Senior lfigiomute predict 
.that op to -50 per cant of the 
committee's membership may 
change hands during the con- 
gress, compared with an aver- 
age turnover of only about 10 
per cent during the aHarw- 
tire Brezhnev era. Many of 
those removed will be officiate 
who came to power under 
Brezhnev. 

Although the 5,000 dele- 
gates nominally select the 


s fflfr , as weB ns a Pafflbnro. 

Thedeftnesaaad speed with 
which Mr Gorbachov has 
already nmd in rea f r afizr 


observers that ® "tifc 
merfous congresses* the 27th 
wiH aJsoresiift isaNtelimlll 


of the General Secrete; > 

After last weefcVfinug of 


From Christopher Walker' 
Moscow 


WNHKunft .was. ■. - - **:• 

A Russian worker steers a mobile platform aroftod a picture 


again refused to send a delega- of Lenin whitebangmg red banners in Moscow for the 27th 


Communist Party Congress, which opens today. 


the five-yearly gathering; the 
election of the new Commmist 
Parly Central Cemmitteetcur- 
rently about 320 tinm) and 
its subsequent choice ofa new 
Politburo, the secretive body 
which effectively _ runs, the 
country on a day-to-day-basis. 

Gmtrol over the composi- 
tkm of the, committee is tire 
mam weapon avaBabte . te Mr 
Gtebachov, aged .54, to re- 
,inforoe the already formidable 
power base be has built intide 
the party since taking, control 
in March. 

Unlike the lirte Nikita 
Khrushchev, ousted largely as 
a resnlt of his failure to seenre 
party support for what were 
later dismissed as “hare- 


members of the .new committee 
— which fe itself mandated to 
convene in. plenary session at 
least twice it year and serve as 
the su p i e m e authority hi the 
party between congresses — m 
practice they reliber-stamp ar 
list already selected by the 
leadership. 

Representation on the eBfce 
committee whose members 
all receive . chanfleor-driven 
black Ihnonanes — has be- 
come mainly institutional and 
regional, so it is bound to 
reflect the far-reaching per- 
sonnel changes already made 
by Mr Gorbachov. 

At the very heart of Soviet 
power — where a defibexate air 


party chief, Mr Viktor 
Grishin, aged 71, the P ttfthn- 

ro consists of 11 hdl or voting 
members, a number which is 
expected to be increitttL 
Uadjthe end of tihie congress 

m the of Bead; week, a 
question mark will hang over 
the&tendfttetinranMn 
“old guBiT figures, still with 
full - membership, Mr 

Dimndcfotmed 

74, . and Mr Vladfanfr 
Sbdwrirftsky, aged67_ . 

Beth were associated with 
Brezhnev- and JMpLviere Te- 
centty re-elected ]%st Secre- 
taries m ditfr respective 
TfpnhHr* KiMKiimi . ^ 
Ukraine. .V- . 

. “That does attjmute 
themac outin a i agtfacemtbc 
Potitbara,” espofoed one 
weQ-placed Soviet source. 
“And even If they do get back, 
Iwoddnvethemtwoyearsat 
the maximum. jTheir pditkal 
future te strictly Kntited-* 


Gandnded 



HOW MANY 


MORE CORNER 


SHOPS WILL 


YOU CLOSE DOWN 




MR. CHANCELLOR? 



The comer shop has always been an integral part of British life. Just ask Mrs. Thatcher. 
But its existence is being threatened. Excessive tobacco taxation puts literally hundreds 
of retail tobacco businesses out of business every year. Thousands of jobs have gone. 

Enough is enough. From now on, Mr. Chancellor, play fair on tobacco tax. 


EXCESSIVE TOBACCO TAXATION 
PUTS PEOPLE OUT OF WORK. 




China says 


sorry to 
its victims 


PRISONERS! 


OF CONSCIENCE 


Sili 


From Mary Lee 
Petting 


China has promised to re- 
store all therights and proper- 
ty of Chinese who returned 
from abroad in the 19S0s and 
1960s but were persec u t e d 
during the 1967-76 Cultural; 
Revolution. . 

The overseas edition of die 
People 's Daily yesterday 
quoted Mr Miao Hui, director 
Of the Stale Council's overseas 
Chinese affairs office, as say- 
ing that the remaining cases 
and problems will be resolved 
by the end of next year. ' 

Western diplomats say that 
the new impetus - behind 
righting the wrongs done on 
the thousands of Oihese who 
had returned — often ' from a 
higher standard of Jiving - in 
South-East. Aria and- the West 
— .to help boild 'opt “The 
Motherland'' after the Com- 
munist victory in 1949 coma 
from the need to; attract the 
accumulated wealth some of 
these people still have, over- 
seas. 

Moreover, diplomats add. 
many of these people have bad 
the benefit; of experience 
abroad, including better.edu- ; 
cation, which China, now 1 
needs. ' 

Mr Miao, however, de- 1 
scribed the task of imptement- I 
ing* the ' national policy 1 
-towards; returned overseas 1 
Chinese as “still arduous". 1 

He called oh all overseas * 
Chinese affairs departments 
throughout the country to 
return all houses forcibly tak- 
en over from tiieir owners, 
many of whom had fled from 
Indonesia in the early 1 960s in 
the wake of anti-Ounese riots: 
to remove the Cultural 
Revolution's erroneous label- 
ling of returnees and tiieir 
relatives as “counter- 
revolutionaries" and 
“rightists": to punish officials 
who continue to persecute 
returned intellectuals and 
those with relatives abroad; 
and to help more from this 
group to join the party. 


Boniface 

Koundou 


By Caroline Moorehead 


[ A 25-yearaM agn n m nf 
[ student m the West African 
j state of Benin, who spent fire 
lettrbfriwl WitixAtt charge 
. or tml «• accomt ef alleged 
amaectioos wiffi 'dae don- 
- violent student priests o£ 
1979, is m detmtin sgaiii, 
this time accused of nuuipu- 
latfog other studeutt to dem-. 
onsteate for improvements in 
the education system.- 

The denoasteatites, which 
#ere put down with cdnrider- 
aMe force, took place in April 
19f&-BoirilaCe Kisna^a was. 
re-arrested «« the university 
campos of Abomey Cahivi, in 
CptouiMi, qu JFuue 13.- fte had 
been fitie for only 19 months. 
Since then be has neither been 
charged aor fried. 

After his release; by presi- 
dential amnesty, hi AngU9t 
1984, Mr Koundou resumed 
his earlier studies at the 
university, altbongb. he was 
refused k grant Amnesty In- 
ternational does not briiere 
that be was involved in the 
student merest of 1985, but 
that he may have been arrest- 
ed only because of Ms earlier 
detention. Mr Koundou te now 
m the central jail in Cotonou, 
where standards of hygiene 
are very km, and illness 
spreads rapidly. 


• '-dy- 


m -^y ■■ 



Mr Koundou: neither 
charge nor trial. 


New Zealand suspects 
French trade pressure 

From Richard Long, Weffington 


S ev L? G?!?nd G ? v ^ n " sabotage of the Greenpeace 
S prous ship Rainbow Wartor 


trade snip Kamoow warrior 

trade setbacks with France and the death of a crew 
and New Caledonia are a member. 


in.- ^dicwnia are a 
direct result of Paris directives 

aflw VliA IK# ■ _ 


FLchnffiS^r 1 ^ teken by ^’5l ion ? ^ nSS 


Mench officials. of the teffed^r and 

The Prime Minister, Mr French President, M 

David Lange, revealed this Giscard d’Esiaing. said 

yesterday when asked about 'P a French radio interview at 


- - - «WU[ . _ . TISIf « 

the French action in blocking w ^ ek cnd Thai a right-wing 
imports of 18-5 million of ^ rcnc h Government would 
tomb brains and the cancella- Pressure on New Zealand 
tion by New Caledonia of - n w,ns ^ month’s eleo- 
con tracts for the purchase of lw !J ,s - 


VI 

meat and seed potatoes. 

The Government has re- 


Mr Lange said: “Right- 
wng, left-wing, the object te 
the same. There is no 


R»ch « fo r & ^ fa M 

release of two French secret He said New 7 «,i n a \a 
service agents. Dominioua P 011 ^ 


Pncur and Alain Mafart iff 6 W ^ bul 

jailed for 10 vearain iES£ have i 0 establish that 


jailed for 10 yeara in Nov«i teve 10 that 

ftr for thtra TX Si 8 


Hint on liner blame 


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partment experts now sa u ,K ~- 55?]^ questioned the New 


foe Soviet hWMikhani^! 
rnonipv hit rocks off South 
Island on February 16, and 
who was navigating at the 
umc. 

Captain Steve Ponsfbnl: 
heading the two-man prelim^ 

htf'™- 10111 * r^ 1- while 
it was on a scenic voyage 

around New Zealand souSE 
s®**! this yesterday after the 


- s* 1 * his findings 
S' d J? a report to New 

Z^nds Minister of Trans- 

Russian vessel. Captain 
Vaslav Vorobyev, in au 
mtcrvjew with Soviet tetevi- 
Sion. laid the blame for the 

dS5*Sto2t pil0Layin *^ 

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WILL NOT BE REVEALED 


Helping a leading industrial il I y[ 
company to produce a better product 
is one riling. -Talking about whatwe did would be 


expert systems to plant control are 
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independe; 


lnt s y stems “d software consultancy. As well 
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At Systems Designers we understand that 
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It’s helped us become Britain’s most successiiil 


Times Top 500! November 1985. 















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**»*- — •— * — «• * A A w i>vv 


SPECTRUM 


«r i 


John MimbcIb : 


BRITAIN 

Ice Age man? 


ITALY 
The library of 
Herculaneum? 


GERMANY i 
Who stole \ 
Priam’s treasure? 


mr~ 


ITALY IVJK/7 
The treasure of 
Solomon’s i 
V Temple? Hi 


TURKEY’ 

The merchantman 
of Kas? 



ROME 
Trajan’s Forum 
and.Arch? 



J&MB 

SMS 


AMERICA 
Man's first 
footstep m 
the Americas? V 




^grekM 


'Minoan? 
** script 
due? j 


EGYPT 

The tombs of Heri-Hof. 
the 26th Pharoah dynast)', 
Anton v and Cleopatra, 
Alexander the Great and 
the Library of Alexandria? 


The new London theatre 

arrivino flt ill/ltfonil SIX 


- ft 

^ * 


IRAQ 

The lost city 
of Akkad? 


MONGOLIA 
Does Neanderthal 
man live? 


NORTH 
CAROLINA 
The first white 
settlers? , 


MEXICO 

A wealth of 
Mayan 
tombs? 


llmtsm 

fgfepfar 

lit m 






msn p 




HI 


JAPAN | 
1.000 years ofl 
Royal tombs?! 


C ommuters at Glaring 
Goss station are per- 
haps unaware that just 
behind the bade wall of 
platform six is one . 'of, 
London's most elegant the- 
atres. Shutter ed, mothballed 
and . forgotten, . the 
Pteyhouse's last audiences 
were for radio comedy shows, 
inducting Hancocks Half. 
Hour and The Goon Show. 
But since, the mid-1970s it 
has been dark. 

- The boom in West End 
audiences, however, means 
that there are now not enough 
venues. Next year, London’s 
45 theatres will be joined fay a 


Hard fay Charing 
. Cross station, 
the picturesque old 
Playhouse is about 
tobeawakened 
from a long sleep 


past glories 


the weight, and the roof 
'separating theatregoers from 
flai-dwdters will be^ran- 
forced and sotmd-proofed- 
Inside, theauditorinm is in 
surprisingly good order for a 
building that has stood empty 


restored . and resplendent . jq years. Instead of 

sssariMS' 


COLOMBIA I 
The site of 
El Dorado? 


mm 


PERU 1 
' The last refuge 
of the Incas? 





mm 

, 'SOUTHERN AFRICA i< 
;^The emergence 
j Homo sapiens sapiens? 


INDIA 
A new 

: Rosetta Stone? 




CHINA 
Who stole 
Peking 
Man? 


o»*j. 


CHINA 
Rivers of 
mercury? 


Past with a rich future 


Archaeologists are in no doubt 
' that the ground beneath their 
feet still contains an immense 
richness of both the fabulous 
-and the academic. Professor 
’Colin Renfrew, Disney Profes- 
sor of Archaeology at the 
University of Cambridge, is 
certainly in no doubt that 
archaeology knows where it is 
going, even though, in this 
somewhat political and occa- 
sionally jealous discipline, 
there may be arguments about 
the precise destination. 

“The great thing about ar- 
chaeology is that its raw 


This month’s discovery of a lost Egyptian tomb prompts the 
question: how much more is still to be found? Aten Hamilton 
digs behind the headlines to find a world of treasure, as well 
as a host of dues to history, waiting to be uncovered 


where it is thing in its context. There is a 
h, in this further fashion that, when you 
and occa- come across a find , you 
discipline, should leave most of it for 
cuts about future generations who will 
ion. have better technology with 

about ar- which to examine it 
its raw There are other consider- 


Roman emperors, including 
Augustus who, according to 
the Roman biographer Sueto- 
nius, placed a golden diadem 
on the corpse's bead. 


[tomb prompts the 3^,5* ori *“ ial setde_ 
md? Abu Hamilton c!M 

WM ii and there is a wealth of Mayan 

OI treasure, as wen tombs in Centra! America 

“ T j waiting to yield their secrets. A 

) DC UUCOVCreO more up-to-date archaeologi- 

cal puzzle concerns the identi- 

nasty, and most are thought to ty of the thief who stole the 


be lmpiundered and intact magnificent jade mask of Pa- 


Thatofthe Empress Wu of the lenque, one of the greatest 
9th Century AD, SO miles Mayan treasures, from the 


north-west of Xian, is expect- Mexico City Museum last 


ITALY 


'materials are always increas- ations. A tho usand years of 
■ing. In the case of history, Japanese emperors lie en- 


ed to beparticularly rich. 

But China’s greatest puzzle 
is the whereabouts of the 


Ch ristmas ? 

In South America, the trea- 
sures of the Incas are as yet 


'most of the documents are tombed, but the current cul- 
now known and in libraries, ture of that country dictates 
*We have almost as many that they should be left in 
'Greek and Roman texts as we peace. And there are modem 
shall ever have. But in archae- mysteries more criminal than 
ology, we have as yet only archaeological; whatever hap- 
scratched the surface. pened to King Priam's trea- 

■ “The realty exciting discov- sure that lay in the Berlin 
sries are not the precious Museum until the out! 
metals, but the ones that the last war? Did the F 
advance our knowledge of the get it, or the peasants? 
human past, how we came to The evidence of ur 
be where we are today. Ar- civilizations that will 


In Rome the monuments of 
several emperors still await 
discovery. Mussolini’s grandi- 
ose triumphal boulevard, the 
Via Dei Fori Imperial e, is now 
being removed, and archaeol- 
ogists will have a chance to 
study the area for the first 


bones of Peking Man. They unknown. South of Bogota, 
were parcelled up and were Colombia, a lake named 


supposed to have been Guatavita is thought to be the 
shipped to America for safety site of the fabled El Dorado, 


at the start of the Second where the Incas cast unimag- 
Worid Wan they have never inable fortunes in gold into the 


been seen since. 


SOUTHERN AFRICA 


Museum until the outbreak of time. It should reveal Trajan’s 
the last war? Did the Russians loruni J “ d triumphal arch of 


The evidence of unknown 
civilizations that will be un- 


nhacology is a science and, like earthed in the future can only 
-ill sciences, it is open to be left to the imagination. But 


rhange. The one thing we 
enow for sure is that we don’t 


here are the immediate prizes 
that the present generation of 


mow very much yet; there are archaeologists hope to wrest 

kUnhr nf cumrimr tit ri eum •*- *- " - 


Uenty of surprises in store." from i 
• The terracotta warriors of bosom. 

Kian or the tomb of 

Tutankhamen are spectacular 
ind increase public appreda- 
ioo (and therefore probably 
produce more funds in the _ 


earth's 


EGYPT 


the 2nd Century AD, as well as 
Vespasian’s Temple of Peace. 

South of Rome, the buried 
cities of Pompeii and 
Herculanium are still barely 
half-excavated. The latter, 
much of it under the modem 
town of Resina, may still 
contain a major library, likely 
to be excellently preserved as 
it was entombed in mud 
rather than hot volcanic ash. 

A major Italian prize would 
be the tomb of Alaric. King of 
the Goths, who inflicted the 


Homo sapiens sapiens — that’s 


water as offerings to the sun- 
god. Divers rarely fail to bring 
up gold pieces, but a major 
excavation .would be excep- 
tionally difficult 
And what became of the rest 


us i — was once thought to have of the Inca gold? It is pre- 
originated is the Middle East, sunned that the Spaniards did 


but it now seems more likdy 
to have been Southern Africa. 
A chance fold is eagerly 
awaited. 


INDIA 


not get it afl, but it was not in 
Machu Piccfau nor in any of 
the other lost cities that are 
constantly being stumbled 
upon in Peru. The Incas’ last 
refuge, possibly full of gold, 
tombs and artefacts, lies wait- 
ing to be found. 


characteristic — its roof will 
be supporting two tiers of 
highly marketable flats with 
views to St PauTs Cathedral. 
The sale of these flats will 
finance much of the restora- 
tion. Theatre roof space— or 
“air rights” — is commonly 
sold in New York, but this is 
the first time a London 
theatre has been exploited. 

The idea came from Robin 
Gonshaw, a residential prop- 
erty developer with a fire-long 
passion for the theatre. He 
saw the empty Playhouse — 
whose entrance is on North- 
umberland Avenue — for sale 
in 1981 and persuaded his 
fellow directors -to gamble 
about £700,000 on the 
project. It took four years to 
acquire enough railway land 
for access and to get the 
consent of all the planning 
bodies involved with a listed 
b uilding - The last of there, 
Westminster City Council, 
gave its approval last week. 

The new Playhouse The- 
atre Company is hoping to 
raise £1.4 mUlion from the 
p ublic as a Business Expan- 
sion Scheme. With a further 
contribution from the devel- 
opers, this will provide £1 25 
million for building and res- 
toration and about £750.000 
for productions. The 
company’s object is not just 
the restoration of an un usual- 
ly elegant theatre, but the 
creation of a new theatre 
management with an 
upmarket production policy. 

“My principal reason fin- 
doing this is to be involved in 
the r unning of a theatre”. 
Robin Gonshaw said- He has 
appointed Andrew Treagus, 
who in 1981 formed 
London’s only general theatre 
management company, as 
production director. 
Treagus’s services have been 
used in more than 25 West 
End productions fora variety 
of producers. He has worked 
most recently on two forth- 
coming musicals. Time and 
La Cage Aux Folles.' 


the gilt still gleams on fine .. 
French piasterwork; on lan- 
tern poles, wall panels and 
bane-bosomed caryatids sup- 
porting the roofs or the boxes. 

T he 1907 interior, by - 
two French architects, 
Detxnar Blow and . 
Fernand BiDerey, is viva- 
cious and light-hearted. It 

from tite^wUd^nghsii style. 
The consultant on restora- 
tion. Iain MadtimoshofTbe- 
atre Projects, says: “ft’s the 
only French theatre in Lon- 
don. It’s as different in ambi- ' 
ance as a French restaurant is 
from an English one — very 
co medic and graceful, a the- ' 
acre of style, small enough for 
laughter but with some fea- - 
tunes of grandeur — marvel- 
lous for Feydeau or Shaw.” 

Arms and the Man • was ‘ 
written specifically for this 
theatre in 1904, when it was 
called The Avenue. After its 
third reopenings set for July 
1 987 — there should be a good . 
reason to walk down the 
avenue again. 

Peter Lewis 

OUrm iknpvm.flH 


1882: Opened fn Ma mbas 
Royal Avenue Theatro. 
presenting comic 

opera by Offenbach and 
others. 

1890: George Alexander 

became actor-manager. 
1894: George Bernard 

Shaw wrote Arms ena 
foe Man for the 
theatre's new drama 
season. “Having 
nothing but ’unpleasant 
plays’ in my desk, I 
• histay completed a first 

attempt ai a 

•pleasanfone.lt ran 
from April 21 to July 
7. Tbs public paid 
EijTrssJGar 
1838: Charles Hawtrey 

became actor-manager. 


4;' ■ 

i - -* 


Wees and Somerset 

Maugham’s first 

play. A Man of Honour. 

1905: Theatre puSed down. 
Owing rebuilding part of 
Charing Gross 
Station collapsed on ft, 
killing six. 

1907S Theatre re-opened in 
January by Cyrt Maude 
as Tbe Playhouse 
with French interior, 

1917: Gladys Cooper. 

- became joint and then 
sole manager until 
1933, playing tn Pinero’s 
The Second Mrs 
TanquerayanJ 
. Maugham’sptays - 
Home and Beauty, The 
Letter, ThaSacrad 
Flame, The Painted Van. 

1934s Alec Gauteness made 
his first stage 
appearance, walking 
o nmLibeff 

1942: Wartime re-opening 
with Isabel Jeans in 
Home and Beauty. 

1949: The last success, 

Agatha Christie's 
Murder in the 


1951: Theatre dosed. The* 
SBC leased it as a radio 
. studfountB 1975. 


ong run), but they do not E ®'P t **■* a wealth of first defeat on Rome in the 4th 
necess arily divulge much secrets. Egyptologists would Century AD. He died in 410, 


tbout the past. The openira of !£*. ' ^ tombs of the 
rutankfaamun’s tomb byCar- “ 6th Pharaoh dynasty, said by 


26th Pharaoh dynasty, said by 


.£r certainly excited the public Herodotus, the Greek, histori- 


- aided by exclusive coverage to be buried in a temple at 
n The Times in 1924 - but 53,55 on the Nile delta, where 
tcademics were much more srtes 313 , now m danger be- 


sxcited by another find made °. f t { ie pressure on land 

ifaoui the same time: the for agnculture. Also high on 
liscoverv at Boeazlmv in Tnr- their list is the tomb of Heri- 


iiscovery at Bogazkoy in Tur- 
key of the capital of the Hittite 
rrvilization, with its library 
macL 


their list is the tomb of Heri- 
Hor, a high priest of the early 
2lst dynasty in the Valley of 
the Kings. The tomb is be- 


and is thought to be buried 
under a river bed near Cosen- 
za. He may have by his side 
the great seven-branch candle- 
stick from Solomon's Temple 
in Jerusalem, carried off by 
the Romans and subsequently 
seized by the Goths. 


The greatest desire is for the 
discovery of a new Rosetta 
Stone to unlock the secrets of 
the script of the Indus civiliza- 
tion of northern India, circa 
2000 BC 


H is experience suggests 
that a new West End 
theatre is certainly 
needed, even if sited on the 
fringe of theaireland. “Lon- 
don is in the opposite condi- 
tion to Broadway — 
flourishing. I could lift the 
telephone at this moment 
and call four producers who 
are looking for theatres. 
There are probably at least a 
dozen shows looking for a 
home,” With 787 seats — 
about the sire of Wyndham’s 
or the Apollo— the Playhouse 
could break even on rather 
less than SO percent capacity 
bouses. With prudent man- 
agement it is confidently 
expected to make money. 
“It’s an ideal sire for 


TURKEY 


BRITAIN 


IRAQ 


Many archaeologists specif- !* eve d by some to outshine 
rall y do not want to find even that of Tutankhamun. 


. reasure. It can be an exceed- the tomb of Imhotep, 


The biggest known prize of 
ancient Mesopotamia await- 


Most of Britain’s past is now 
fairly well documented, but 
archaeologists would like to 
find evidence of the very 
earliest settlement in the late 
Ice Age. Of the known sites, 
there are high hopes that 
continued excavation at Sut- 
ton Hoo in Suffolk will yield 
yet more riches to add to the 


The oldest shipwreck ever 
discovered, off Kas in Turkey, 
is likely to prove an important 
academic find as excavation 
proceeds. Hist spotted in 
1984, the 3,400-year-old ves- 
sel was carrying a wealth of 
Phoenician, Greek and Cypri- 
ot artefacts, but the mystery is: 
who owned the ship? 


GREECE 


Buried under volcanic ash on i 



ite.-: 




the island of Thera, the city of I «raight plays. Om policy will 
Akrotiri is a kind of prebistor- 1 be to produce four classic. 


Coming attraction: Robin Gonshaw and Andrew Treagus 
with an artist’s impression oftbe refurbished building 


vhere professional booty- “• “ mougnt to be nes 
turners may shoot an archae-- * major discovery, 
jfogisi they think is on the j- e * s bought to remain 
rail of ancient gold. undiscovered near the pyra- 

According to Paul Bahn, a m«», although a second boat 
'ree lance archaeologist and P JL ^pugpt to be identical to 
writer from HulL* “Finding one already excavated, waits 
reasure is very nice, but it is a !? be uncovered near the 
ly-product It does, however, Fyramfo of Cheops, 
lelp to give you public sup- A priority in Egyptology is 


tne capital city of bargon, who 
created the first Semitic em- 
pire in 2300 BC, and was the 
superior city to Ebla, un- 


touched, may yield important 
Neolithic finds. 


earthed in the 1970s by Italian 
archaeologists. It is likely to 


archaeologists. It is likely to 
have valuable archives, but so 
far its existence is known only 
through the writings of ancient 
Babylon. 


THE AMERICAS 


ic Pompeii of about 1500 BC. 
There have already been some 
finds, including marvellous 
frescoes, but what archaeolo- 
gists are hoping for is a library 
of clay tablets which would at 
last enable them to decipher 
the Minoan linear A script 


xui, especially at a time the need to discover more 
vhen, in this country at least settlement sites. The lives and 


here is little money available richness of the kings is now 
or archaeology, arid few jobs we I| documented, but the 


CHINA 


or archaeologists.” 


ordinary lives of the ancient 


Most rich finds are stum- Egyptians remain relatively 
lied upon by accidenL The unknown. 


warriors of Xian were found The greatest prizes of all lie China. 5,000 gnarrii*™ of a 
_iy peasants digging a welL beneath the modem city of dead emperor. But the careful 
ron Age chariot burials at Alexandria, and are likely to and unhurried Chinese ar- 
iVetway on Humberside were remain there for the foresee- chaeologists have much more 
bund fey a quarryman. “Pete able future. They are the tomb to find. The tomb itselL which 
Marsh”, as the body was of Antony and Cleopatra, the will take several more years to 


One of the greatest finds of 
modern times was the terra- 
cotta army of Xian in central 
China, 5,000 guardians of a 


ound by a quarryman. “Pete able future. They are the tomb to find. The tomb itsel£ which 
■Marsh”, as the body was of Antony and Cleopatra, the will take several more years to 
tamed, was found in a Chesb- great Greek library of Aiexan- uncover, is believed to contain 
re bog by commercial peat- dria - which would be a top- a great three-dimensional map 
attmg mac h i n e s. level academic find — and the of the known world whose 

Archaeology is affected by remains of Alexander the rivers run with mercury, 
ashion, and the current aca- Great buried in his glass China is rich in royal tombs, 

; i on ic fashion is to put every- coffin and muebvisited by the particularly of the "Fang dy- 


mtting machines. 


level academic find — and the 


No one has any real idea when 
man first set foot on the 
American continent. It is 
thought that he came by land 
from Siberia before the Bering 
Strait divided the continents. 
Evidence of truly ancient man 
would be a major find, and the 
further south the better, for it 
could then be ass u med that all 
the land to the north was 
peopled. But as in all cases, 
without writings archaeolo- 
gists have no idea where to 
start tooting.' Almost as 
fescinating, at ’ least ’ to the 
Americans, is to determine 


modern or new plays per year 
for three-month runs with 
major stars who would not 
commit themselves for long- 
er periods. Once launched, 
we expea to commission 
writers. There’s a dearth of 
new {days in the commercial 
theatre.” 


CONCISE CROSSWORD (NO 884) 

4 Pnodigaify (i3) • [ W W W W PH 


OUTER FRINGE 


Dr Myra Shaddey is looking 
for surviving remnants of 
Neanderthal man m Outer 
Mongolia, but has yet to find 
any. There are those who 
believed that the Romans 
reached South America, and 
they hunt for Roman remains 
in Rio. There are also constant 
attempts to prove the Bible by 
archaeology, bat do one has 
conclusively found remains 


Archaeology is affected by remains of Alexander the 
ashion, and the current aca- Great buried in his glass 


American^ is to determine of Noah's Aik; the only recent 
where the first white settlers of piece of sound Biblical archae- j 

olegy been the uncovering 
built their first settlement, of Ctcil B. de MiUe’s 1923 set 
^rk tfm prggrrasonRoa- for The Ten Commandments 
noke Iskand, North Carohna, under the Californian sand. 


ology has been the uncovering 
of Cecil B. de MiUe’s 1923 set 


of Cecil B. de MiUe’s 1923 set 
for The Ten Commandments 
undo 1 the Californian sand. 


Treagus says they arc not 
trying to out-do the National, 
RSC or Royal Court, but an 
element of rivalry is inevita- 
ble. The theatre's three artis- 
tic consultants, Michael 
Rodman, Stuart Burg and 
Alan Strachan, have all made 
reputations in the subsidized 
sector. It could be the start of 
a new challenge from the 
commercial to the subsidized 
theatre for quality. 

On the outside, the Play- 
house presents a neo-dasac 
curved fecade of pilasters and ; 
pediments in Portland stone, 
which will conceal the flats 
from the road. The building 
will be threaded with con- 
cealed sled columns to bear 


5 Humble (4) 8 

6 Coerce(7) . ~ 

7 Without brilliance _ 
00) . 11 

10 Weaken (IQ) 

12 . Sooeenth rupee (4) _ 

14 Bee colony (4) tfi 

16 Whim (7) 

19 Provert>(5) • 

20 Quick kiss (4) 17 

22 Star|3) _ 

ACROSS 

1 Big game hum (6) ST 
S Cunentstyte(4) m 

8 Nimble (5) . ■ 

9 Black, white bone K 

(7) ■ 

11 Australian mar s up i al 

13 Burial vault (4) 

15 Total (13) 
SOLUTION TO NO. 883 


1 


^ “ 


8 






m 


11 



j 


■H 


Ifi 

J® 


1 


■ 



17 

1 

i ie 1 1 



m 

m3 


* 

!r^ 


w 




17 Oass(5) 

18 Pertinent (8) 
21 Aapareai(7) 


22 Ray (5) 

23 E Indies wood (4) 

24 American (6) 


afflyj!*^ *:**?** 8Npvd 9 Ottoman .OTnnn 













THE TIMES TUESDAY FEBRUARY 25 1986 


11 


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-■* :** 






Ulose up 


FASHION by Suzy Menkes 


says: 



K atharine Hamnett 
is British fashion's 
most radical de- 
signer. Her power- 
ful fashion 
statements — anti-establish- 
ment, sexually-charged and 
politically provocative - cany 
a torch for an entire genera- 
tion. She launched deliberate- 
ly crumpled cotton, 
androgynous, over-size 
dothes, slogan T-shirts and 
bellicose khaki fatigues. This 
was strong fashion meat The 
dothes were rejected absolute- 
ly by those not like-minded — 
and taken up passionately and 
internationally by Hamnett’s 
devotees. 

When Katharine Hamnett 
faced Mrs Thatcher at a 
British fashion reception in a 
T-shirt with an anti-nuclear 
message (v the Prime 
Minister’s velvet dressX it was 
the clash of two convictions. 

“Fm sick of slogan T-shirts 
now”, Hamnett says. “But 
what a wonderful information 
system! It put a mess a ge 
across the world." 

Katharine Hamnett will 
soon have another way of 
spreading the word: she has 
signed a deal to give her three 
London shops and a flagship 
store in Brighton. This is “the 
kind of showcase that foreign 
designers ail have”, a spring- 
board for expansion and an 
opportunity to bring bo- 
clothes directly to her public. 

For her acolytes, the high 
priestess of street style now 
has a new creed. 

* I want to have simple, . 
smooth clothes that are tai- 
lored and formal", she say&*It 
is (o do with smartening up, 
with power consciousness. 

I- People are taking responsibiJ- 
y ity for their own fives. Fashion 





NcfcBnggs 


. 

is not just an industry, it exists 
as a cultural phenomenon. It 
reflects the underlying dung... 
What Jung calls toe collective 
unconscious.” 

Form-fitting dothes, body- 
conscious swimsuits, sepa- 
rates moulding flesh in stretch 
fabrics and men's suits worn 


with collars and ties are 
Hamnett's expression of oar 
present reality. She believes 
that the daughters of feminists 
reject fashion stereotypes. 

“ I'm anti the fe minist 
stance that making yourself 
look sexy is a bad thing”, 
Hamnett says. “That breed of 
puritanical, man-hating let's- 
alLbe-ugty feminist has kicked 
the bucket There is nothing 
wrong with sexuality.” 

She is passionate in her 
support for a sea change in 
young fashion. She wants men 
to get back into tailoring. (“It 
means dressing better than 
your boss when you’re a kid of 
26.”) She wants the Greens in 
Germany to adopt a more 
convincing image: “Every 
time they appear on television 
they look soch hicks — a man 
in a suit is next to a guy with 
an Oliver Cromwell haircut” 
She once flooded the women 
at Greenham with her T-shirts 
saying STOP ACID RAIN 
and is a heartfelt supporter of 
their cause. 

“But women need to accept 
that they can be equal and still 
look like women”, she says. 


“We can be the smartest and 
be the sexiest There is nothing 
wrong with that” 

Hamnett will be 40 next 
year. She is wearing black: a 
grand velvet hat and a Burton 
tailor-made man’s velvet-col- 
lared coat (both second band) 
over her own polo 

shirt and leggings. 

S he says that she identi- 
fies totally with her 
customers; that wom- 
en identify with her 
because she works, has 
two small sons, is interested in 
the wider world and cares for 
its survivaLFor someone who 
believes in the greening of the 
planet, Katharine Hamnett is 
a surprisingly interim' person. 
Her office in her Islington 
showroom is created as a cave, 
like the stage set of a bad 
fairy's grotto. She is dose to 
the pop music world and can 
be found chuckling throatily 
over an empty glass in a 
darkened dub in the small 
hours. 

She is also a business wom- 
an, although she says that it 
has taken her 10 years to learn 


foe things she wished she'd 
been told in a business man- 
agement course at college. She 
started her career in fashion at 
end of the 1960s after leaving 
St Martin's College of Art. As 
a freelance designer, she 
churned oat design ideas “like 
a mad scientist” for overseas 
companies. 

“British fashion ideas fill 
the coffers of Japanese and 
Fiench designers”, she says 
with passion. “The tragedy is 
that we lose some of oar most 
commercial designers to the 
opposition. What is so excit- 
ing about British fashion is the 
human resource — the human 
imagination. ” 

Katharine Hamnett Limit- 
ed was set up in 1979 with a 
£500 bank loan. Turnover last 
year was £4 million. Her 
backer for the new shops is 
Peter Bextelson, the fashion 
entrepeneur who has hitherto 
invested in luxury designer 
labels: Valentino, Armani, 
Ungaro. 

The Hamnett shops win 
open next autumn, designed 
by Norman Foster, the archi- 
tect. The move away from the 


anti the 
stance that 

making 

yourself 

look sexy 
is bad 5 


Left: Katharine Hamnett 
be-hatted against 
Teed the world • poster 

retailers who have been sup- 
porting her has not been weft- 
received. So Hamnett is 
throwing together two tempo- 
rary London shops for the 
current season. 

Such spontaneity is life- 
blood to Hamnett, who claims 
to do her designing entirely 
from inspiration. 

“The whole oversize story 
came from having a flesh, 
seeing a whole group of things 
that were comfortable and 
sexy and easy to look after. 
Then 1 made them in the most 
beautiful material of the mo- 
ment — white cotton. It ex- 
pressed a spirit of freedom, an 
idea that crumpled is beauti- 
ful; it was a time for 
minimalism.” 

It was also a moment to 
challenge estahlishement rules 
of dress. Is Hamnett now 
laming her tailored back on 
fashion’s politics of protest? 

“I'm trying to put a subver- 
sive element in the clothes 
we're doing", she says. “They 
are not more expensive, but 
better cut. 1 like clothes that 
make you look more 
intelligent.” 



HERS: Thigh-length fitted suit jacket in cotton gaberdine £140, stretch cotton lycra mire skirt £40 


and cut-away top £26. ail from Katherine Hamnett shops at 50 South Morton Street and 124b 
King's Road from March; Equation, Bristol; Comicfte, Edinburgh; Limey's, Derby. HIS: Khaki 
"shot” cotton jacket £145, trousers £75, shirt and tie, art by Katharine Hamnett from Browns, 
South Morton Street; Jones. Floral Street WC2 and King's Hoad. Sunglasses: Cutler and Gross. 
Make-up: Ruth Sheldon. Hair: Peter Forrester at Daniel Galvin 


Young London chains back healthy look, reject post-Funk . . .Rebecca Tyrrel reports 


fHEALtny LIVING 


MISS SELFRIDGE 

Three young faHou collec- 
tions shown in London last 
week proved that whatever the 
message from the catwalks of 
Paris and Milan, Louden 
street fashion has its own 
ideas. 

High street chains often 
take fbeir cue from the design- 
er collections. But the fitted 
body-conscious clothes fea- 
tured so. strongly on interna- 
tional catwalks were 
conspicuous by their absence. 

Nor are the weird and 
wonderful clothes and wild 
prints of outrageous young 
style found in the chains. Bit 


at last weeks shows, straight-* 
forward clothes were often 
styled »p with hold accessories 
to coejnre the mood of post- 
Panfc street fashion. 

Miss Selfridge dressed 
healthy young models ra 
bright tropical prints and pa- 
raded their ideas for spring 
along the wooden boards of 
The Sanctuary health dsb in 
Covent Garden. 

There was nothing new 
amongst the layers of brightly 
coloured cotton -T-shirts and 
leggings hot a refreshing sim- 
mer feel for bright, cool sepa- 
rates with the emphasis on 
cheap and eheerfpL - 

The riding jacket was an 
important shape with its high 
lapels and rated waist. The 


sharp tailoring at the back 
osyed iBjeJofds of fabric to 
give the look of an Edwardian 
frock coat worn over white 


ChrwEthMtcfc 


A retro Sixties look brought 
hack body-hogging mini- 
skirts and tight cut-away vests 
in bold, brash spots and 
stripes. They were 
accessorized with o vers i zed 
hoop earrings and white son- 
shades. 

The move from file hard- 
edged 1960s to the bid-hade 
1970s was echoed by the 
dothes in this show. Bright 
acid colours, orange, time and 
shocking pink, were mired 
with washed-oat, cropped den- 
im which harked back to 
hippier days. 


ANIMAL EXPERIMENTS; 
IN MEDICAL RESEARCH 




WALLIS 


Pepium jackets and waterfall 
slrirts brought a touch of 
Dynasty-style gfemem- to the 
Wallis show. Colours were 
bright, hot pink and jade for 
blouses asd T-shirts, bnt sober 
grey and navy Mue for rity- 
smart suits and separates. The 
newest shape in a collection 
that is imerringly classic is the 
riding jacket, a three-quarter 
length coat worn over a slim 
straight skirt Wallis cater for 
the working girl bet there are 
over-sized shiny shirts or Mou- 
son jackets with short zippy 
skirts for more sporty appeal 


Miss Selfridge: White cotton two-piece £539 1 


i jacket £1*99. Striped jersey dress. £16£9 


WouUyoutrealachiklsuSei&igb®^ 

fa* aemia? 

i 

1 

WouWyoureiafoSodef^bardM . 
oanhot ower pofct, d|ifxnen^ IB and 
anaKpax? 

ft 

I 

Would you agee we must toe; 

jnec^toes and weetoesuideh fare 

been tested lor safety?. 

■ 

■ 

Wouklyou apeete* need to 

aflewate and . 

cmxes, athrifis, setaosis and 

ft 

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Wouldyouetetoseeacuie far AIDS 
andL^joncaifC^titseastf ‘ 

■ 

1 


A g^>er!meiitation h as made 

an essential contribution to the 
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wo rk most continue. 


ihim 








STREETS AHE A 


1 


FRENCH CONNECTION 


■f reach Connection: Coat £45^9. trousers £25.99. T-shirt S&39 


from French 
Connection's evening show 
feeling refreshed; the pace was 
last and the fashion was Am. 

This was yoag and lively 
fashion — reinforced by a new 
advertising campaign being 
launched next month. 
“Clothes you cant wait to get 
tour” is file catch Hoe from the 
Saatchi and Sautfrhi commer- 
cial which brings a message of 
street-wise, young healthy 
dothes. 

This is net one-season, 
throw-away fashion. The 
dothes themselves were sim- 
ple and wearable so the look 
for ’86 owes a to? fo the way 
they were worn. Nothing was 
forked in, lightweight trench 
coats foil off-the- shoulder ami 
cotton peasant skirts were 
won in layers, hitched up and 
fastened with safety pins. 
Bright madras check jackets 
hung loose over layers of 
Garitierstyle bustier tops. 
Cool cotton sweaters, embla- 
zoned with heraldic badges, 
appeared over fly-away skirts 
or knee-length baggy shorts. 

French Connection showed 
for both sexes end aft ages. 
Brooding James Dean men 
walked out in boldly checked 
jackets with shiny trailing 
shirt tails; trend] coats hung 
loose over pleated trousers. 

Children stole the show, 
tripping over layers of b aggy 
shirts and jeans worn coder 
pinned-up skirts and t railing 
petticoats. The street-cod 
kids raced on to the catwalk, 
shaking their dreadlocks aid 
shouting hurray for fashion. 


It&msm 

large? 

va- m your 
size fuwffl 

LENGTH (40-509 

SMOCK £35 
DRESS W0 

Carnal tonaty m 
cotton. oonhmty. 
taacocft. Row. 
Hum. Na»», Gofc 
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Send oob (ONOua. An***. Vial Mm 
31 nay*. Mo not aa^> •* 

Sr«tU* * 

SKqpootr Man-SM 
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9 TIN Ptaaad. W«W. lUg* 

T*( (098a 4*SM ■ 

i&rorai Biwfc» Hhw JU 



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THE TIMES TUESDAY FEBRUARY "25 1986 



THE TIMES 
DIARY 


What Reagan stands to lose 


The brass 
of it 


I don't think mummy would 
approve, so I must ask Sally 
Oppenheim, the former Con- 
sumer Affairs minister, to avert 
her eyes. In bis book Tele- 
communications: A Business- 
man's Guide, Tory MP Phillip 
Oppenheim writes with co-author 
and business partner John Der- 
rick: “Another alternative to 
purchasing a phone from BT is to 
buy an illegal one that has not 
been through the approvals 

process we cannot really see 

that illegal handsets do anyone 
any harm, and the chances that 
having one win get you into any 
trouble are slim, to put it 
mildly . . . Our advice, therefore, 
is not to ignore the illegal handset 
market" Oppenheim goes on: 
“There is also the risk of running 
into a troublesome BT 
engineer . . . some of them take a 
very sporting view, particularly if 
yon offer them a suitable 
retainer." Yesterday Oppenheim. 
told me: “I make no bones about 
iL You bad to bribe a BT engineer 
to get work done. If they said the 
work would involve a one year’s 
wait, you'd ring up your friendly 
•engineer and slip him a fiver." 
Oppenheim suggested that for 
more up-to-date information I 
should subscribe to his magazine, 
What to Buy for Business. 


The increasing pressure on Presi- 
dent Ferdinand Marcos to step 
down leaves the Americans in a 
state of uncertainty. They have 
important strategic and financial 
interests in the Philippines: two 
military bases and investments of 
around $ 2,000 million a year. 
Any new government is likely to 
bring change in its wake. 

A peaceful transfer of power to a 
plausible opposition grouping, 
preferably containing a military 
element, would make the US 
position easier.The Philippine 
military has strong links with the 
US. Its commanders are Ameri- 
can-trained; its equipment and 
weapons come largely from the 
United States, and its strategy and 
tactics reflect a strong American 
influence. None the less, any new 
government might feel obliged to 
alter the existing arrangements if 
only to distance itself from the 
Mancos-US link. 

The US has had its Subic Bay 
naval base and the Clark Air Force 
base since 1947. The initial agree- 
ment secured a US right to use the 
bases for 99 years. In 1979 a series 
of amendments made it clear that 
the Philippines had sovereignty 
over the bases, reduced the terri- 
tory they occupied, and made 


Mary Dejevsky ontlines the likely 
future of.the US bases in the Philippines 
as the anti-Marcos dim gathers pace 


Filipinos responsible for their 
external security. 

These rhangps were a response 
to the chang in g assessment in the 
United States itself of the need for 
the bases and a growth of Filipino 
nationalist sentiment. The debate 
within the US followed the Viet- 
nam debacle; Americans asked if 
It was worth maintaining a mili- 
tary presence in Asia at afl. The 
US also saw the chance to 
normalize relations with the new, 
emergent China. 

Senring this possible lack of 
commitment, Marcos re-estab- 
lished relations with Moscow and 
Peking. Philippine dependence on 
the US began to be questioned. 

But the US assessment changed 
dramatically in 1978 when Viet- 


nam signed an agreement giving 

the Soviet Union extensive naval 


the Soviet Union extensive naval 
facilities at Danang and Camranh 
Bay. Suddenly Vietnam seemed to 
'move from a position of potential 
neutrality between the three super- 
powers of the area, the USSR, 


China and tire USA, to a Trojan 
horse for Soviet influence. The 
bases had to stay. Marcos rec- 
ognized his improved bargaining 
position and the amendments to 
the original agreements were nego- 
tiated and signed. 

Today the US has a number of 
options. These are analysed in a 
newly-published study. The Phil- 
ippines After Marcos, edited by 
RJ.May and Francisco Nemenzo 
(Croom Helm £17.95). 

Tire first will be to hope that any 
new government’s appetite for 
change will be restricted to cos- 
metic alterations — a modest in- 
crease in the number of Filipinos 
working at the bases; or an equally 
modest decrease in the territory 
they occupy. 

The second could be to offer to 
dose or suspend the facilities at 
one of the bases — probably Clark 
airfield, for which alternative 
facilities could be found at Guam. 
Unless the nationalist and anti- 


American element in any un necessary. 


Philippine- government goes be- 
yond the level that now looks 
probable, however, -that govern-' 
meat is likely to view such a 
radical scaling down of the "US 
presence as likely to jeopardize the 
country’s own security and lead to 
even higher unemployment. 

The final scenario, the prospect 
that the Americans would be 
forced to withdraw entirely, looks 
mnoteJ ft would follow only from 
a left-wing or communist take- 
over, which appears only a long- 
term possibility, or - from a 
complete breakdown of law and 
order. In that case, the Americans 
would have two options. 

• To intervene from their bases. 
After the US experience of Asian 
imbroglios, that looks unlikely. - 

• To abandon both the naval base 
and the air base and use . the 
facilities on Guam or nearby 
islands. The disadvantage here is 
that G uam is too for east to : 
provide a US reach anything like 
as effective as it has at present, and 
the devastating effect such a 
withdrawal would have on morale 
at home. Fortunately for . Wash- 
ington, deriding between these 
two worst options is not yet 


Roger Scruton 

immoral man’s 


Musa Mazzawi on the Palestinian pleas that still go unheeded 


Not quite final 


1 Despite Britain's withdrawal last 
'year. Sir Geoffrey Howe has 
written to Unesco seeking special 
facilities for two British diplomats 

■ in Paris. They would be respon- 
sible for preserving “liaison with 
Unesco’s secretariat and with the 
delegations of all the member 
states" and, if Howe's request for 
observer status is granted, would 

■ have access to facilities, docu- 
’ ments and buildings. If Unesco’s 

executive board agrees when it 
meets in May, I wonder if there 
will be a (pud pro quo. AH 
privileges and immunities for 
Unesco officials visiting Britain 
will be withdrawn from March 13, 
including tax exemption, dip- 
lomatic passports and residence 
rights. 


Living on 


The two Worthing brothers who 
vowed to starve to death unless 
the local council agreed to save the 
town's Connaught Theatre en-. 
joyed their first square meal in 43 
days yesterday after the council 
. unexpectedly granted a reprieve at 
the weekend. Both Roy and 
Michael Wilson, who had seen 
every play at the theatre for the 
past 10 years, looked skeletal both 
had shed stones, and Michael 
went into a coma last week. The 
council denies the the fast 
prompted it to save the theatre. 


BARRY FANTONI 



Few Palestinians are grieving at 
the failure of the talks between 
King Husain and Yassir ArafaL 
Indeed, many are jubilant that 
Security Council Resolution 242 
has been unequivocally rejected 
on behalf of the Palestinians. The 
resolution offered the Palestinians 
less than nothing; and the terms 
reported to have been laid down 
by Washington as a precondition 
to any possible involvement by 
the Palestine Liberation Organiza- 
tion in a settlement are an insult to 
the Palestinian people. 

The simple fact, which no 
amount of political smart talking 
is likely to obscure, is that the 
Middle East conflict is basically 
about the Palestine problem: 
about the Palestinians. They are 
the primary — and some would 
say the only — party that should 
be involved on the Arab side in 
the search for a solution. 

The Palestinian people have 
one of the highest levels of 
education in the Middle East. 
They do not feel the need for 
guardians or custodians. The PLO 
is their “sole legitimate rep- 
rcsentative", according to a 
resolution adopted by the Arab 
summit conference in Rabat in 
1974, and endorsed at the time by 
King Husain. Many countries, and 
the United Nations itself, rec- 
ognize the PLO specifically in that 
capacity. 

Resolution 242 has no special 
sanctity, either legal or moral. It is 
not in law unlike the 241 resolu- 
tions that preceded it and the 
scores that have followed it since 
1967. Constant reference to this 
resolution (which was adopted by 
the Security Council at a time 
when it had no Arab member) 
does not add to its legal substance. 

It should be interpreted in the 
context of the Charter of the 
United Nations and the Universal 
Declaration of Human Rights 
(which speak of the right of 
peoples Vo self-determination and 
to fundamental freedoms) and of 
the many resolutions adopted by 
the General Assembly which 
speak of the “inalienable rights of 
the Palestinian people”. 


O 


Who will 
make amends 
for 242? 


The PLO is on record as 
agreeing to accept ail United 
Nations resolutions as an integral 
package (including the partition 
resolution of 1947 which gave 67 - 
per cent of the land of Palestine to 
the Jews, who then comprised 
only 35 per cent of the popula- 
tion). Is tiiis not concession and 
compromise enough by the 
Palestinians? 


‘It was terrible. Neville weal 
in and found oar 
honseboy hitting the maid' 


Surfacing again 


What irks them is that there is 
not one mention in Resolution 
242 of “Palestine” or “the 
Palestinians”. There is a mere 
oblique reference when the resolu- 
tion "affirms — the necessity for 
achieving a just settlement of the 
refugee problem”. The Palestin- 
ians are thus dismissed as just a 


Three years after scuppering the 
Prime Minister on television with 
precisely aimed questions about 
the Beigrano, Diana GouJd is 
about to make a comeback. The 
part-time Cirencester games 
teacher is organizing a public 
tribunal at Hampstead Town Hafl 
to re-examine the Beigrano sink- 
ing on the fourth anniversary in 


“refugee problem”. How can a 
Palestinian leader acquiesce in 
that without betraying himself and 
his people? 

Resolution 242 calls for the 
“withdrawal of Israeli armed 
forces from territories occupied in 
the recent conflict”. There has 
been a great deal of argument as to 
what precisely this means. Is it ail 
the lerri lories occupied, or only 
some of them? The Israelis natu- 
rally favour the latter interpreta- 
tion. They speak about a 
“vulnerable” Israel with a narrow 
territorial waist difficult to defend 
militarily, and they say they are 
entitled to "defensible” borders. 
This, of course, can mean only one 
thing to Israel's neighbours — 
further Israeli territorial 
aggrandizement 

Resolution 242 speaks of “re- 
spect for and acnowlcdgement of 
the sovereignty, territorial integ- 
rity and political independence of 
every slate in the area”, in other 
words, respect for the sovereignty- 
etc of the Hashemite Kingdom of 
Jordan, not fora Palestinian state. 
The resolution • envisages the 
Palestinians as existing only under 
the Jordanian umbrella. The 


May. “Clive Pouting, Tam Dal yell 
and Ian Mikaido are all expected 


and Ian Mikaido are all expected 
to appear,” she told me. “So far we 
have not found anyone to defend 
the government, but we are send- 
ing invitations to Francis Pym and 
Lord Lewis, who asked per- 
mission to sink the ship.” 


With the bitter cold, DHSS min- 
isters find themselves in tbe usual 
dilemma over extra payments to 
those on social security to help pay 
their fuel bills. It is an issue with 
which no government in the 40 
years of the welfare state has come 
to terms; if anything, it is likely to 
worsen when the changes in social 
security allowances are put into 
effect. 


Nicholas Timmins on official falinre to wo rk 
oat an acceptable scheme to help the poor 


Already this winter the system 
for making extra payments for 
exceptionally severe weather has 


Silenced 


exceptionally severe weather has 
been shown to be a shambles, with 
lack of information and appar- 
ently random decisions by local 
offices on whether they should pay 
out extra money. 


Foolproofing 
the fiiel bill 


Former Bradford headmaster Ray 
Honeyford, hounded out for writ- 
ing an article about the dis- 
advantaged white pupils in his 
school, has still to win freedom of 
speech. He was to have addressed 
Bristol Polytechnic's Conser- 
vative association today but the 
nueting has been cancelled, at the 
request of die governing body. “I 
was going to talk about my 
experience;" he said “There is 
usually no problem. A meeting at 
Kede last week was an excellent 
occasion.” The governors said 
that in light of recent disturbances 
elsewhere, his views might offend 
staff* and students. The issue was 


The figures for hypothermia 
deaths are elusive. After last year's 
hard winter, deaths from the cold 
were officially recorded as rising 
from 329 to 415 in the first six 
months of the year. This is clearly 
an underestimate. But the fact that 
the cold kills is not in dispute. 
Government statisticians cal- 
culate that for every degree dif- 
ference in . the average winter 
temperature deaths rise or foil by 
about 8 . 000 . 


man of the governors and also 
chairman of Avon council's 
education committee, which is 
lflrely to sit in judgement soon on 
Jonathan Savery, a local teacher 
under investigation for an alleg- 
cfly.radst article in The Salisbury 

ftat of C0UfSe - 

wrote one of his 


■ The issue is one of the most 
difficult for the social security 
system to tackle. First, basic rates 
of benefit are too low to allow for 
high extra heating costs in a bad 
winter — the feet that excep- 
tionally severe weather payments 
exist is acknowledgement of that. 
Second, despite official exhorta- 
tions, the British have never taken 
home insulation seriously. Third, 
tbe weather varies greatly in 
different parts of the country. 


Solutions such as paying an 
automatic extra addition to bene- 
fit in January and February, the 


coldest months, would be expen- 
sive and, in mild winters, would 
a bad winter would raise the same" 
problems of defining a severe 
winter that plagued payments last 
year when the formula used 
proved so bizarre and cumber- 
some that it was eventually ruled 

unlawful. 

Even finding a satisfactory defi- 
nition would solve only part of the 
problem. While it might be freez- 
ing in Cornwall it could still be 
mild in north-west Scotland, and 
vice-versa. Paying a flat-rate bo- 
nus also foils to match extra 
payments to the widely differing 
costs of extra heating in well 
insulated and poorly insulated 
homes. 

The solution governments have 
adopted is therefore to try and 
match extra payments to extra 
expenditure. In the past that was 
based on the judgement of local 
benefit offices relying on little 
more than a benefit officer stick- 
ing his he$d out of the window and 
deciding it was unseasonallv cokL 
Under that system. 270.000 extra 
payments were made in tire severe 
winter of 1981/82: research 
showed that hundreds of thou- 
sands more failed to get the money 
because the extra payments were 
inconsistently applied or because 


many simply foiled to claim — 
from ignorance, pride or a belief 
that the system simply would not 
provide the extra money. 

In an attempted improvement, 
a complex formula based on 
Meteorological Office data was 
introduced last year to regulate the 
payments for any given office. 
This too proved inconsistent. 
Kent with its worst, weather last 
winter for two decades, foiled to 
qualify because the temperature at 
Heathrow, hs measuring station, 
was not low enough. 

The Social Security Commis- 
sioners having ruled that system 
unlawful, ministers have * gone 
back to a system based on 
discretionary judgements- of how 
bad the weather is: again this is 
proving unsatisfactory. 

There are three further prob- 
lems: 

• No allowance is made for the 
greater cost of heating in the 
generally icy north than the gen- 
erally mild south, and for any 
extra payment to be made the 
weather has to be exceptionally 
severe for the area. The implica- 
tion is that pensioners in Aber- 
deen arc a hardier breed than 
those in Bournemouth and need 
less help. 

simply be a bonny. Paying only in . 


If we really wish to explain the 
increase in crime, we should' 
consider tbe following hypothesis: 
that crime is explained fry our 
desire to explain it. As we look for 
the causes of our behaviour, so w 
take attention away.' from the act 
itself fencing it round with ex- 
cuses, isolating it. from judgement, 
and making inaccessible the paly 
ground in which the seeds of 
morality can "be sown: the ground 
of individual responsibility. 

Surely it fe this habit of explana- 
tion — this' obsession _ with the 
“genealogy” of our acts and 
intentions — which has most eff- 
ectively “transvalued” our values. 
That which Nietzsche so joyfully 
recommended is precisely what, in 
retrospect, we bavegreatest reason 
to deplore the destruction of 
morality, fry the habit of explain- 
ing,' it. 

It would be wrong to assume, 
however, that the new “sciences” 
of man really do explain chit 
behaviour. Their scientific guise is 
often no mare 1 chan a mask, 
behind which a more serious 
moral purpose advances: tbe pur- 
pose of lowering the price of 
absolution. Left to his own in a 
godless universe, modern man 
sees no reason to deny himself and 
desires only the excuses that will 


justify him in the eyes of creatures 
-like himself 

- And since he recognizes no 
authority higher than science, it is 
to science that betums for his 
exculpation. The sciences which 
are chosen as his idols are those 
which are most prodigal of ex- 
cuses, which, rain down upon him 
a stream of whitewashing explana- 
tions, and which tell him in one 
and the same breath that he 
deserves our sympathy and that he 
cannot be blamed. 

Perhaps no science has been a 
more powerful source of absolu- 
tion than the psychoanalysis of 
Freud. Here, in a smgle theory, the 
wandering conscience finds a 
complete kit fix' survival in a 
demoralized, world. The sinner 
becomes a patient, and if he seems 
to do wrong, it is not really he who 
does it but an Unconscious whose 

mMchmarinns are unkno wn tO 

him. 

If he is tormented by con- 
science, then this too is the work of 
the Unconscious, which erects 
before his inner eye the spectre of 
a Super Ego whose authority can 
be instantly discounted as the 
survival of a primitive fear. 

- As the stage of personality is 
vacated by responsibility, how- 
ever, it becomes the scene ofa new 
and more spectacular drama — a 
noble tragedy In winch the self is 
justified in the very act of being 




Thirty years ago the late Presi- 
dent Nasser of Egypt saidr“What 


has been taken away by force can 
only be retrieved by force ” For 
the Palestinians tins maxim rings 
as vividly true today as it did then. 
They are being driven to despera- 
tion by the constant disregard of 
their basic human rights. 

The conscience of the West is 
selective, if not perverse, when it 
comes to Palestine and ' tbe 
Palestinians. Anatoly Shchar- 
ansky's mother expresses her 
happiness that he is now “able to 
go to his own country". But the 
Palestinians who have inhabited 
Palestine continuously fbi — 15 
centuries are expelled and not 
allowed to go back. No distin- 
guished people are seen in London 
reading lists of names and casting 
carnations to remind the world of 
their plight. 

Something tragic and evil has 
happened to the Palestinians. 
Without exception, every one is 
either in exile, in a refugee camp, 
or under Israeli military rule. For 
the Palestinian people the clock of 
human progress has been tnrned 
backwards. 

People of conscience must ask 
what possible justification there 
can be for this. If some Palestin- 
ians. after 40 years in the diaspora 
of despair, resort in selfdefence 
and in pursuit of their rights to 
what some describe as terrorism; 
should not part of the blame foil 
on those who sit on the fence and 
blithely ignore the Palestinian 
people's cry for justice? 


Palestinians do not accept this, 
and Insist on the recognition of a 
Palestinian identity. There is no 
justification in law or morals for 
not conceding this claim. 

It is because the PLO has so 
often categorically rejected Res- 
olution 242 that Israel and its 
allies, chiefly the USA, have 
insisted on the resolution's accep- 
tance as a precondition. If Yassir 
Arafat were suddenly to turn 
round and accept this resolution, 
the Israelis would immediately 
contrive another precondition 
equally indigestible to the PLO. 

All the indications are that the 
Israelis do not genuinely want to 
negotiate with anybody about 
anything to do with Palestinian 
land. They want to continue with 
their colonization policy and are 
not likely by peaceful means to 
give up any significant . part of 
what they now hold. The word 
“irreversible” is often used by 
Israeli spokesmen as describing 
the present state of affairs. The 
maximum that Israel is likely to 
concede is “autonomy” — ie, a 
little more freedom for the 
Palestinians to control minor' 
domestic affairs. 


mvites. . . 

. To break into ibis charmed 
circle and rescue the trapped 
moral sense is no easy task. One 
method, however, promises suc- 
cess: this is to treat the science of 
the soul as ft treats morality, to 
search for its genealogy, and so to 
“transvalue” it. 

As Ernest Ge liner shows in a 
brilliant book (The Psychoanalytic 
Movement. Paladin. £3.50). the 
result is the downfall of every 
claim to authority that the Freud- 
ians have made. Professor Ge liner 
describes the genesis of Freudian 
psychofogy in modern man's most 
dominating fean the fear of other 
people. The Freudian doctrines, 
he argues, are superstitious re- 
sponses to that fear, which enclose 
it, nurture it and promise a final 
redemption. 

The idea of an Unconscious is 
introduced in order to devalue all 
certainties, and to place the 
patient's psyche outside ofhis own 
reach. The analyst thereby be- 
comes priest in a solemn rue de 
passage , conducting the patient 
from unbelief to holy enlighten- 
ment. Gelliier describes power- 
fully, and in the most brightly 
coloured prose, tbe causality of 
Freudian dogma in this concealed 
religious urge. In doing so he 
destroys hs scientific claims, and 
devalues its morality. But he also 
praises, in a manner that is at once 
serious and ironical, these novel 
certain ties so neatly tailored to the 
modem conscience, and so care- 
fully separated from every sugges- 
tion of blame. 

Ge liner stops short, however, of 
drawing the most important 
conclusion. While this modem 
superstition erodes the moral 
sense, the religion upon whkb our 
civilization was built did just the 
opposite, upholding and support- 
ing .the idea of moral responsibil- 


overwhelmed. . Psychoanalysis fty, and giving divine authority to 


simultaneously removes the inf- 
dividual from the sphere of praise 
and blame and returns him to it 
vindicated, a hero who has been 
finally justified by the . fete to 
which he must succumb.' 

And psychoanalysis does all this 
without foe slightest moral pen- 
alty: the only cost is financial, and 
who would not part with money 
for tbe sake of a dean conscience 
and an inexhaustible store of new 
excuses? 

Of course; there has been no 
shortage of critics anxious to point 


its absolute commands. The secu- 
lar superstitions offer excuses 
where religion offered fear, anger 
and blame; and while it compelled 
man against his will to be good, 
they entice him along the path of 
immorality. 

When laws are. made, institu- 
tions governed, and even churches 
fed by those in tbe grip of these 
exculpating idolatries, should we 
really be surprised that the people 
turn more cheerfully to crime? 
The author is editor of The 
Salisbury Review. 


moreover . . . Miles Kington 


Face-packing 
the court 


The author is Professor of Law at 
the Polytechnic of Central London. 

© Times Newspapers, 1986 


The trial continues today of Lord\ 
Howard de Pilot 'ary, chairman of 
Grotty Body Products Ltd. who is 
accused of making 13,450 beauty 
products which tend to make the 
public less beautiful. He pleads 


as a leg cream, and it has done 
very well. 

Counsel: Can you also eat it? 
Defendant Possibly. I would 
imagine it Is very difficult to lick it 
off your legs. 


guilty to two charges and not guilty- Counsel: Hmm. Does the testing 


• Payments are made in arrears, 
so no one knows whether tem- 
peratures are so low that a period 
of exceptionally severe weather 
will be declared. 

• A claim for the payment has to 
be made — in the case ofquarterly 
bills many weeks afterwards. Last 
winter only 1 70,000 payments; 
averaging £10 each, were granted. 

Unsatisfactory though all this is, 
there seems no simple short-term 
answer that would -not be ex- 
tremely expensive and no more 
likely than the present system to 
meet the needs of those with the 
severest problems — people who 
live in badly insulated homes with 
expensive forms of heating. 

The long-term answer must lie 
in a for more determined attack on 
poor building standards and poor 
insulation. United Nations statis- 
tics show that in Britain the 
variation m the death rate be- 
tween winter and summer is Far 
greater than in other much colder 
countries where home insulation 
is taken seriously. In Britain there 
are roughly three times more 
deaths per capita each winter than 
in Canada and Scandinvia. 

Under the government's social 
security changes, exceptionally se- 
vere weather payments are due to 
be abolished and on current plans 
will be replaced, if at all. by 
repayable loans rather than grants. 
Extra one-off payments towards 
draught-proofing, jackets for hot 
water cylinders,, and payment of 
interest on loans to provide roof' 
and other insulation. will all go. 
again to be replaced by loans., not 
grants. - 

It is all cold comfort for the old 
and vunerable. Many more will 
die unless someone in government 
lakes the issue seriously. 

The author is Social Sendees 
Correspondent of The Times. 


to 13.448. ■_ ; . 

Here is an extract from yesterday ’j 
proceedings. ' 

Counsel: We now proceed to item 1 
865. your Pine Disinfectant. Do 
you really claim that pine trees 
help to disinfect you? 

Defendant: Not at alL 
Counsel; Then the name is a 
misleading claim. 

Defendant: Not at afl. We manu- 
facture Pine Disinfectant so that 
people can disinfect their pine 
trees, Go round your plantation 
once a week, splashing it liberally 
on your trees, and you will have 
the healthiest pines for miles 
around. 

Or splash it on your stripped 
pine furniture. As long as you keep 
buying the stuff arid splashing it 
around, we’re happy. 

ComtseL- So you do not advise 
pulling it in lavatories? 

Defendant: That depends. If it's a 
pine lavatory, why not? 

Counsel: Hmm. Item 866 is 
described as “Nettle shampoo, for 
dry hair”. Hem -867 is called 
“Nettle shampoo, for oily. hair”. 
Do you recommend using this 
shampoo lo get your nettles dean? 
Defendant No. We find that, 
generally speaking, people are 
happy with the cleanliness of their 
nettles. 

Counsel: How can nettle shampoo 
be good both for dry and oily bail? 
Defendant It gets oily hair dean. 

It gets dry hair wet.’ 

Counsel: Nettle does this? 
Defendant; No, shampoo does 
this. The nettle is inducted only as 
a health food. 

Counsel: Could you explain tins? , 


of your products involve any 
cruelly to animals? 

Defendant: Absolutely not. We 
test them only on pine trees, and 
generally they survive pretty well. 
Counsel: And if the pine tree keels 
over and dies? 

Defendant We add a note, in very 
small print Not To Be Used On 
Pine Trees. 

gonsefc Item 868 is called 
“Strained Greek Yogurt Face 
Cream. Who is this for? 
Defendant Strained Greeks. It 
works quite well on tense Italians 
as well. 

Conmel: What would you recom- 
mend to a stressful Frenchman? 
uerendanc Enireicnez une mai- 
tresse. monsieur, emretenez une 
matiresse! 

115 m ° ve on to 

yT Mois- 

2 - \ o^e it this is for 
moisturizing seaweed? 


Defendant Not at all, smartv- 
gufts- It’s for rubbing on your 


CunnseL* To what effect? 

^S* f To he *p forecast the 
weather. If your face goes dry 

you re m for a hot sunny spell If 

S3* h0urs - 'fyowfece 

goes cokl and grey, then sun*lv 

snow is on the **** 



to the scientific deficiencies of 
psychoanalytic theory: m *pen- 
deuce op metaphor, myth and 
imagery; its blithe indifference to 
-evidence and refiitation; its lack of 
experiment^ .method; 
serving definition of illness , 
“therapy” and “cure” However, 
devotees of this I**™* 
impatient with such feeble, ex- 
ternal criticism. . 

Their attitude is typified by 
Freud who, presented with a 
dream which seemed to refute his 
wishfolfilraent theory, replied: 
“No. your dream is an expression 
of the unconscious wish to refine 
my theory” For the whole pur- 
pose of these pseudosciences of 
the soul is to make their exponents 
and their adepts immune from 
criticism, even from the criticism 
which their scientific pretension 


snow is on the way. 7 

ujetwo items to which you have 


as 


wcSiJ',?, for 

Sira"**?? •«. 


Defendant: Certainly. People are smooth skin. What thevmM • 
'very- conscious these days of the of instant wrinkles. ? 

nerd fo slim, st thp-v Hnn't lib. .. what hnk a. , ’ “Ud that is 


.£«• ft is" J TS^JBSEE 


content like butter or coconut We 
find that soaps and shampoos 
including health foods like nettle, 
yeast or brown rice do very welL 
Wc have recently introduced tofu 


dressed crab uih««h ^ , a Pptes and 

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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


FIRST CATCH YOUR MILITANT 


*( 


Since he gave notice to the 
Labour Conference in Bourne- 
mouth that he saw no place in 
the Labour Party for members 
of the Militant Tendency, Mr 
Neil Kinnock has zealously 
and properly pursued his 
intention of rooting out that 
party within a party. His test 
case has been the the Militant- 
dominated Labour Party in 
Liverpool whose conduct has 
been the subject of an internal 
Labour inquiry. As a result of 
this, ten Liverpool Militants, 
including the deputy leader of 
the City Council, Mr Derek 
Hatton, stand accused of 
subverting the party constitu- 
tion, and of abusing its rules in 

order to give the Militants 
control of the City council. 
Tomorrow, Labour's National 
Executive Committee will 
vote on whether the ten ac- 
cused Militants should be 
expelled, as the majority of the 
committee of inquiry recom- 
mends. 

In his action against the 
- Militants, Mr Kinnock has 
had the support of the soft left 
(his own wing of the party) 

. which, on the NEC, now seems 
to include such decidedly firm 
left figures as Mr David 
Blunkett, the leader of Shef- 
field Council. At Bourne- 
mouth, Mr Blunkett, to Mr 
Kin nock’s evident annoyance, 
tried to get Mr Hatton and his 
friends off the hook by propos- 
ing talks to solve Liverpool’s 
constitutional crisis, which 
predictably came to nothing. 

Like Mr Ken Livingstone in 
London, Mr Blunkett is one of 
those leftists who have risen to 
influence through power in 
local government, and who 
expect to be in the next 
Parliament with safe Labour 
seats. They are interested in 
power and like Mr Kinnock 
they do not wish the public to 
be frightened by the blatantly 
anti-democratic Militants, ft 
seems likely that Mr 
Blunkett’s, and other generally 
leftist votes, will ensure that 
the NEC decides to expel the 
ten. 

A major row will, then erupt 
in the Labour Party. Tor the 
Militants have the support of 
Mr Tony Benn, Mr Eric Heffer 


and Mr Dennis Skinner, on the 
NEC, and of others whose 
instinctive allegiance is to a 
harsher, more realistic and 
harder-headed kind of Marx- 
ism than that represented by 
the self-discrediting Militants. 
Indeed, one of the most 
conspicuous features of in- 
ternal Labour politics in fire 
last decade and more has been 
the willingness of those who 
conduct their politics in what 
might be called a hard-headed 
Leninist frame of mind to 
defend the infliltrating 
Trotskyists, for whose type of 
political thinking they have 
contempt, but whose activities 
within the party they see as 
useful in helping to manoeu- 
vre it leftwards. 

The Militants will also have 
the support of a minority 
group on the enquiry, Mrs 
Margaret Beckett and Mrs 
Audrey Wise, and if the ten are 
expelled they will 
presuxnanbly appeal to the 
next Labour Conference. Their 
expulsion (if the NEC decides 
on it) will presumably be 
upheld since their will be a 
substantial union card vote 
majority for it. But the 
Militants' cause will arouse 
passionate atavistic feelings in 
the rank-and-file which are 
hardly like to help Mr 
Kinnock's wish to assure the 
electorate that he has a mod- 
erate party behind turn. 

That apart, expulsion of the 
ten Militants must logically 
raise the position of the two 
MPs, Mr David Nellist (Cov- 
entry SE) and Mr Terry Fields 
(Broadgreen) who do not deny 
supporting Militant, whatever 
may be their response to 
charges of “membership” (the 
offence, with expulsion as its 
penalty, which is denied by all 
accused Militant supporters). 
There are members of the 
Shadow Cabinet, and of the 
Parliamentary Labour Party, 
who would like the whip to be 
withdrawn from these MPs. 
That, however, is most un- 
likely to happen since Mr 
Kinnock and the supportive 
soft left do not wish it, and 
there is a widespread wish in. 
the party hot to embarrass the 
leader now Labour’s election 


prospects are improving. Eas- 
ier targets are the Militants 
who have been selected as 
parliamentary candidates, Mr 
Pat Wall (Bradford N.) and Mr 
John Bryan (Bermondsey). 
Their position may also be 
raised in the NEC tomorrow. 

Yet the root of the matter is 
not so mucb the expu Ision of 
this or that Militant adherent 
in local government, the with- 
drawal of the Whip from 
Militant MPs. or even the 
refusal of NEC endorsement 
for Militant parliamentary 
candidates. It is rather the 
willingness of the NEC to 
tackle the composition of local 
constituency party organiza- 
tions where these have been 
captured by Militant entryists. 
Even to disband Liverpool 
District (City) Labour Pary, 
which consists of delegates 
from the constituency parties 
which determine the selection 
of future MPs, would achieve 
nothing unless the com- 
position of the constituency 
parties as such can be rescued 
from the infiltrators. 

Disbandment does seem to . 
be on the agenda of the NEC 
tomorrow. But of course even 
if it were decided that this was 
appropriate for Liverpool (no 
constituency party has been 
compulsorily disbanded and 
reformed since the Sixties) 
there would remain the wider 
Trotskyist infiltration, which 
is much more prevalent than 
the Militant label In London, 
for instance, where Militant is 
of comparatively little signifi- 
cance, a virtually identical 
form of leftism (Mr Ted 
Knight’s and Mr Benue 
Grant's for instance) flourishes 
under various other kinds of 
nomenclature. 

Mr Kinnock has made a 
start on Labour's threat from 
the hard left, and should be 
commended for it But his 
attack on the Liverpool infil- 
trators merely touches the tip 
of an iceberg. His and the 
softer left's attack on the 
strictly restricted definition of 
Militant “members'* has also 
to be recognized as a useful 
distraction from the more 
general influence of the deeper 
left in Labour politics. 


From Professor EM. Brown and 
others 

Sir. As professors from each of fee 
main fields of engineering in 
British universities we are con- 
cerned at the near-collapse in our 
schools’ teaching of the syntax of 
English. 

the power of our language, for 
fine distinctions and complex 
arguments, results only from the 
systematic teaching of precision, 
and engineers and scientists are 
often dismayed to find that the 
present-day school-leaver cannot 
adequately wield that power. The 
emphasis in recent years on free 
and imaginative writing, excellent 
in intern, has proved no substitute 
for a thorough grounding in 
structure and grammar when ex- 
act scientific statements are to be 
made or when the case for a 
complicated proposal has to be 
argued. 

It may be said that the modem 
aim is for creativity, and if so 
engineers will applaud it. We too 
admire fine writing; we know that 
some of the noblest achievements 
of man — in literature as in 
engineering — have sprung from 
the occasional genius who could 
see beyond the rules and create a 
new entity. We also know that 
such individuals number perhaps 
one in a million. The rest of us 
must service the civilization we 
have and earn its daily bread, and 
in engineering the task requires 
dear thinking and precise commu- 
nication. 

It may be said that usage 
evolves, as indeed it does: the 
rules are for ever shifting. We 
believe that the changes are slow 
and peripheral. There exists a 


rugged detailed structure of the 
language that enjoys genera) as- 
sent; it is crucial to the transfer of 
intricate inlbrmation and it is the 
birthright of every Briton willing 
to master it. 

There are moves afoot to in- 
troduce new AS-level examina- 
tions < two AS-level studies occupy 
the time of one A level) in Precise 
English, or some such title. The 
proper time to leach the basis of 
the language is in earlier years: the 
proper initiative is to promote an 
O-Ievel/GCSE-levei study, to be 
the heart of our secondary educa- 
tion. 

If our schools really cannot 
provide it, then — and only then— 
we shall welcome an AS-level 
examination emphasizing the 
meticulous use of English, and we 
would look warmly on admission 
candidates who had succeeded in 
iL 

Yours faithfully, 

E. H. BROWN (Department ofCivil 
Engineering, Imperial College, Lon- 
don), 

J. D. E. BENYON < Pro- Vice-Chan- 
cellor and former Head of Electrical 
Engineering. University of Surrey). 

B. N. COLE (Department of 
Mechanical Engineering, University 
of Leeds), 

H. MARSH (Department of En- 
gineering, University of Durham). 

S. A. V. SWANS6N (Pro-Rector 
and former Head of Mechanical 
Engineering, Imperial College, Lon- 
don). 

J. C. R. TURNER (Deportment of 
Chemical Engineering. University of 
Exeler), 

Imperial College of Science and 
Technology, 

Department of Civil Engineering, 
Imperial Institute Road, SW7. 
February 18. 


THE END OF THE MARCOS AGE 


Rarely can a nation’s 
predicament have been ex- 
pressed more poignantly than 
in the scenes from the Phil- 
ippines at the weekend. Ferdi- 
nand Marcos sending his tanks 
against the rebel leaders from 
one quarter of Manila; the two 
rebel leaders under guard in 
another; and between them the 
people, thousands of them, 
stopping the tanks in their 
tracks. 

Those scenes alone make the 
fall of the self-proclaimed 
President as urgent as it is 
inevitable. For the Phil- 
ippines, the post-Marcos age 
has already been bora. Only 
the nature of its baptism has 
still to be decided. Will it be in 
the fire of civil war or the water 
of a new beginning? 

Developments so far have 
encouraged the hope that 
extensive violence can be 
avoided. The civilian oppo- 
sition, led by Mrs Corazon 
Aquino, has steadfastly es- 
chewed the use of force. The 
military opposition, in the 
figures of General Ramos and 
former Defence Minister 
Enrile, b as advocated a non- 
violent approach. If discipline . 
is upheld - and the involve- 
ment of senior military figures 
in the opposition makes this - 
there is every prospect of a 
speedy handover of power to a 
non-Marcos government 
It is then that the problems 
begjiUn opposition to Marcos, 
a broad coalition has emerged. 
It has united sections of the 
armed forces and business 
communities who see no fu- 
ture for themselves in a Mar- 


cos-led Philippines. It has 
united the anti-Marcos middle 
classes, and the leadership of 
the Roman Catholic Church,, 
who campaigned against the' 
corruption of the Marcos rule. 
And the Americans found 
themselves compelled, albeit 
belatedly, to join in- 

But these are disparate 
groups, with disparate in- 
terests; the removal of Marcos 
their one common purpose. 
Without him, they have no 
unifying objective. It will take 
a spirit of compromise and 
forbearance if a coherent gov- 
ernment is to emerge. It will 
not be possible to satisfy all 
interests at once. 

.Nor will it be possible to 
finish with the Marcos era 
quite as rapidly and conclu- 
sively as many of his oppo- 
nents would like. Both the 
rebel military leaders have 
close links with the past 
General Ramos was Dcjputy 
Chief of Staff of the Armed 
Forces; indeed, he had just 
been appointed Chief of Staff 
by Marcos following the dis- 
missal of General Ver. He is 
also related to President Mar- 
cos. Mr . Enrile, although a 
politically ambitious lawyer, is 
also a former Defence Min- 
ister. 

These ties with the past 
promise a measure of stability 
and may make it easier for the 
Americans to accept the trans- 
fer of power. But they will not 
be particularly acceptable - 
after the euphoria has died 
down — to those like Mrs 
Aquino and her supporters 


who opposed Marcos through- 
out 

Yet without the support of 
the military, or a good part of 
it Mrs Aquino’s own future as 
a political leader would look 
distinctly less promising than 
it does at present Her political 
experience is limited; she has 
been accused of naivete by her 
supporters, as well as her 
opponents. And she will be 
vulnerable, if not now then in 
the future, to charges that she 
too represents only one section 
of the population — the 
wealthy middle classes. She' 
will have to show that she is 
serious about improving the 
lot of the urban and rural poor 
(even at the expense of her 
own family’s interests), if she 
is to retain the support they 
have invested in her. 

The costs of not retaining 
this support axe high, not only 
for Mrs Aquino — in the likely 
event of her being proclaimed 
the election victor — but for all 
the groups represented in the 
anti-Marcos coalition. For die 
clear and only alternative to 
such a coalition is political and 
social chaos: a civil war or a 
left-wing takeover, more prob- 
ably, the one leading to the 
other. 

The communists, who boy- 
cotted the presidential election 
and will stand aside from the 
coalition, may be seen in some 
quarters as the only group to 
have kept their integrity, and 
maybenefit accordingly. The 
most heartening aspect of the 
whole election fiasco in the 
Philippines so far is that at the 
moment this seems so remote 
a possibility. 


Merger issues 

Front Mr J. Complin 
Sir. Sir Michael Edwardes (Feb- 
ruary 19) has it exactly wrong. The 
reason that such companies as 
Imperial, Distillers or Plessey look 
overdue for radical reorganization 
is precisely that they are repre- 
sentative of the over-concentra- 
tion of British economic activity 
m the hands of a relatively small 
number of companies: the 
corporation, contrary to popular 
bebefr has a stranglehold over UK 
business activity to a far greater 
extent than it has, say. among our 
American rivals. 

Sir Michael's vision of uniform 
global markets, apparently to be 
won by some magic formula 
connected with sheer size, is 
already backward-looking The 
one certain thing about the future, 
at least in the Western economies, 
is that fashions, tastes, needs — 
and hence consumer demands — 
will change faster than ever before, 
with regional variations both in 
details and in timing. 

No slow-moving, unadaptable, 
bureaucratic colossi of the kind Sir 
Michael would have us create will 
be able to cope with that- Instead, 
our energies should be con- 
centrated on educating both the 
City and businessmen away from 
merger mania and towards finding 
the necessary finance for the many 
creative new ideas in our society. 
Youre faithfully. 

3 AM IE CAMPLIN. 

10 Church Lane, SW19. 

February 20. 


From Mr Edgar Palamountain 
Sir, Sir John Hoskyns (February 
20) had presumably nol seen Sir 
Michael Edwardes's letter of the 
previous day. Both letters, how- 
ever, are equally relevant to what 
is clearly — and understandably — 


becoming one of the major policy 
issues of our time. 

The whole field of corporate 
control exemplified by the take- 
over debate suffers from the 
absence of any recognised po- 
litico-economic critique. All that 
we have to guide us is common 
and statute law, both evolved over 
a period when these problems 
were virtually unknown, and a city 
code which, however well devel- 
oped and administered, suffers 
inevitably from the narrowness of 
its terms of reference. 

In this situation neither the 
Secretary of State nor the Office of 
Fair Trading nor the Monopolies 
Commission can possibly be ex- 
pected to have a dear view of the 
national interest Competitive 
policy is hopelessly adrift: we 
grope forward and blunder on, 
unable to assess either the results 
of past takeovers or the merits of 
those in prospect let alone their 
political implications, and 
wondering whether maybe Lord 
Vinson was right in ascribing 
many of them to "personal meg- 
alomania masquerading as cor- 
porate efficiency". 

The international dimension 
alone, the subject of Sir Michael 
Edwardes's letter, raises veiy 
grave issues, not least for this 
council whose declared objective 
is to encourage wider share owner- 
ship in British industry and 
commerce. But it Is to the totality 
of the problem that attention must 
be directed uigenUy. 

This is political economy on a 
grand scale, calling for the talents 
— if I may attempt to be even- 
handed in the matter - of a 
Keynes or a Hayek. 

Yours faithfully. 

EDGAR PALAMOUNTAIN. 
Wider Share Ownership Council, 
Juxoo House. 

94 St Paul’s Churchyard, EC4. 
February 20. 


Nursing skills in 

Saudi Arabia 

From Miss Shelagh M. Murphy 
Sir. As a principal source of 
information for Alison Miller’s 
feature on nursing in Saudi Ara- 
bia. “Emergency Ward Islam” 
(February 19), may 1 clarify 1 one or 
two points which might otherwise 
mislead potential visitors to that 
country. 

Having worked as a nurse both 
in this country and abroad — for 
two and half years very happily in 
Saudi Arabia — 1 can assure you 
that the nurse, either on or off 
duty, will be no more subject to 
sexual harassment in Saudi Arabia 
than in Great Britain. 

The Saudis recognise as well as 
anybody that their way of life 
imposes certain restrictions on the 
European visitor, and the Royal 
College of Nursing therefore iries 
to spell out those restrictions for 
the nurse contemplating working 
there. 

They reflea the fact that re- 
ligion plays a greater pan in the 
life of the Saudis than of the 
British: Saudis are therefore more 
sensitive to actions, words or 
gestures that transgress or offend 
their codes of behaviour. Bui 
transgression of particular “do’s 
and dont’s” is of much less 
significance to Saudis than ev- 
idence in visitors of courtesy, 
common sense and sensitivity in 
approaching a culture different 
from their own. 

It is unfortunately the case that 
nurses who seek work in Saudi 
Arabia solely for the financial 
rewards and who view the 
environment as something to be 
put up with rather than adapted to 
will not enjoy or benefit from the 
experience. 

Yours faithfully, 

S. M. MURPHY, 

International Secretary, 

Royal College of Nursing, 

20 Cavendish Square, Wl. 

February 20. 


Aid for charities 

From Mr Barry Gifford 
Sir, You have recently featured 
speculation that the Chancellor is 
considering introducing tax 
deductibility on single donations 
to charities in his forthcoming 
Budget However, VAT has been 
shown to be an increasing burden 
for many charities, costing them 
between £20 million and £25 
milion each year. 

Corporate donations account 
for a very small percentage of 
charitable income. Corporate 
donations to the Royal National 
Institute for the Blind, for exam- 


ple, or which I am finance 
secretary, would have to increase 
by 400 to 500 per cent to match 
the amount they pay in VAT each 
year — and this increase would 
have to be guaranteed. No doubt 
fluctuations in company profits 
would afreet the income of char- 
ities. 

Commercial companies can re- 
cover their VAT; is it not the 
charities' turn? 

Yours, 

BARRY GIFFORD, 

Executive Chairman, 

Charities VAT Reform Group, 

24 Gladwyn Road, SW15. 
February 21. 


Kidney donors 

From Mr Oliver Hemp 
Sir, Mr Hughes-Davics puts for- 
ward an intriguing idea in suggest- 
ing that kidney donors show their 
willingness to be of service by 
having a D against their name in 
the telephone directory. 

It's a laudable try but alas, apart 
from all the commercial entries 
whose staffs cannot be so listed, 
only the subscriber's name will be 
shown, not that of his or her 
family members. And if a poten- 
tial donor should suffer a fatal car 
accident in Aberdeen, though be is 
normally resident in Penzance, 
delay in tracing which phone book 
to search could render the donor's 
wishes useless. 

The voluntary carrying of- a 
donor card at all times still seems 
the best way of giving those 
concerned the immediate 
information and permission to 
act. short of actually being 
tattooed with a special and univer- 
sally recognised mark. 

Yours sincerely. 

OLIVER HENRY, 

I Buttermere Gardens. 

Alresford, 

Hampshire. 

February 21. 


‘Positive’ scoring 

From Mr J. R. Little 
Sir. In your excellent second 
leading article (February 15) “A 
boot too far'.you point out that 
penalty place kicks at goal qualify- 
ing for three points may be taken 
wherever on the field they occur. 

May I suggest, through your 
columns, that the authorities con- 
sider restricting penalty place 
kicks at goal to infringements 
outside a defined area — say the 22 
metre line — and for infringements 
within that area, the side granted 
the penalty should ”run the bail” 
Scoring should be left as it is at 
present, rewarding the dropped 
goal and the conversion of a try in 
the norma) way. 

Yours faithfully, 

J. R. LITTLE. 

Little Court, 

Drinkstone Park, 

Bury St Edmunds, 

Suffolk. 

February !8. 




-3 


Animal experiments 

From Dr Michael Balls 
Sir, Bishop Agncllus Andrew ami 
his co-signatories (February 22) 
appear to have misunderstood the 
Animals (Scientific Procedures) 
Bill, which last week was given a 
second reading in the House of 
Commons, having completed its 
passage through the House of 
Lords without a single division. 

The Bill contains two mayor, 
provisions, first, scientists with a 
personal licence of competence 
will in future also require a project 
licence authorising a particular 

programme of research. 

Secondly, in deciding whethera 
project licence should be granted 
the Home Secretaiv wfl be re- 
quired to balance the bkely ad- 


verse effects on the animals to be 
used a gains t tiie likely benefit to 
man and other animals. Thus, 
although fee Bill does not provide 
for the total prohibition of any 
procedure currently in use, when 
enacted it will result in as im- 
mediate strengthening of control, 
since all use of laboratory animals 

the Government 
widely, not only during 
preparation of two White Papers, 
but also during the drafting of fee 
Bill, which therefore has consid- 
erable support both within and 
outside Parliament. 

Happily, there are grounds for 
confidence that members of Par- 
liament will concur with the 



election 
consulted 
during fee 


considered opinion of the 
FRAME (Fund for the 
menl of Animals in 
Experiments) trustees “that fee 
goal of reduciiu the number of 
animals used for essential pur- 
poses, minimising any suffering 
caused to them, and replacing 
them wife alternatives wherever 
possible and as quickly as pos- 
sible, wfli be better served by 
supporting the Bill more or less as 
it stands”. 

Yours faithfully, 

MICHAEL BALLS, 

Chairman of Trustees, 

Fund for fee Replacement of 
Animals in Medical Experiments, 
Eastgaie House, 

34 Sioney Street, 

Nottingham. 

February 22. 


Hospital violence 

From Mr Edward R. Howard 
Sir. The examples of violence 
experienced by staff in a London 
hospital (Dr Thurston. February 
12) are typical of everyday events 
which afflict the NHS hospitals of 
inner-city areas. Sadly for London 
the reply from the Minister of 
Health, Mr Hayboe (February 15), 
is very misleading. 

This hospital, at which I am a 
consultant surgeon, is situated in 
one of fee more deprived areas of 
England. Nurses, medical staff 
and students have suffered from 
personal, assaults on many occa- 
sions. Theft, which results in a loss 
of such diverse items a$ television 
sets, computers, patient-monitor- 
ing equipment, operating theatre 
equipment, personal effects of 
patients toad staff toys from 
children's wards, curtains, pic- 
tures. etc. is a daily occurrence. 

Last year fee financial implica- 
tions of criminal acts in our area 
were brought imo sharp focus by a 
savage knife attack on one of our 
local policemen. PC George Ham- 
mond. A conservative estimate of 
the cost of treatment to the health 
authority of this one brave patient 
is approximately £100.000. 

Mr Hayhoe stales feat there will 
be a 6.7 per cent increase in 
expenditure for the health service 
next year and that health authori- 
ties should find money for stron- 


ger security measures from within 
their current budgets. The reality 
for our health authority is a 
reduction of£3. 1 million in budget 
allocation over fee next six years 
through the application of the 
iniquitous RAWP (Resource 
Allocation Working Party) re- 
allocation formula. 

To make things even more 
difficult the health authority is 
also required to make up annual 
shortfalls from Government 
spending on pay and price in- 
creases. The imposition of yet 
another financial burden on inner- 
city hospitals, as suggested by Mr 
Hayhoe, will lead to further cuts in 
patient resources. Placebos from 
fee DHSS cannot alter these hard 
facts. 

Yours faithfully, 

E. R. HOWARD, 

King’s College Hospital 
Denmark Htil SE5. 

February Id. 

From Ms Judith A. Ormrod 
Sir. as a radiographer working in 
an accident and emergency hos- 
pital l read wife interest the letter 
from Dr J. G. B. Thurston 
(February 12) concerning violent 
attacks on hospital staff and 
particularly noted the incident 
concerning the radiographer. 
Luckily for her, a nursing sister, 
despite having a broken aim, 
came to her rescue. 


Most radiographers work single- 
handed at night in an X-ray 
department isolated from fee rest 
of the hospital. Indeed a frequent 
conversation topic in my depart- 
ment is our fear and sense of 
vulnerability during night duty. 
Fortunately most, although not 
aJL of our aggressive patients are 
young males and have an almost 
superstitious awe about the power 
and prescience of X-rays, so I have 
on occasion been able to bluff ray 
way out of a difficult situation by 
explaining that, if they continue to 
stay in the department, fee X- 
radialton will render them not 
only sterile but impotenL 

This usually persuades them to 
leave immediately, providing, of 
course, that they are sober enough 
to understand the implication of 
what 1 have said, but too drunk to 
realise feat it is utter nonsense. 

None fee less, physical and 
verbal assault is a fact of life 
amongst health workers, and so I 
strongly support Dr Thurston’s 
plea for more money to be made 
available to provide better se- 
curity for all night duty staff, 
including fee lonely radiographer. 
Yours faithfully. 

JUDITH A. ORMROD, 

I J Valley Close. 

Colden Common, 

Winchester. 

Hampshire. 

February 13. 


ON THIS DAY 


FEBRUARY 25 1861 

In 198$, taken the government of 
London is about to change, it may 
be opposite’ to look hock 125 years. 

Then the heart of the ever- 
growing empire i ras governed in a 
fashion little rtmooedfrom 
medieval About SO parishes were 
administered, by elected vestries, 
which remained in office evert 
when the London County Council 
was constituted in January, 1889. 
The London Government Act of 
1899 abolished the vestries, 
replacing them by a number of 
boroughs. The tiCC was itself 
replaced, by the Greater London 
Council in 1965 when it then 
appeared that the suggestion in 
The Times leading article of a 
“real Metropolitan Common 
Council" had been fulfilled • 
although the “ Metropolitan 
Mayor " had to be content with the j 
more prosaic title of Chairman of 
tkeCLC. 


[< 


■] 


LONDON'S 
GOVERNMENT 

The House of Commons has 
appointed a Committee to inquire 
into the Local Government of the 
Metropolis— They are about to 
discover that there is a Corpora- 
tion of the City of London, and a 
Metropolitan Board of Works: that 
there are two belligerent bodies of > 
police with hostile frontiers, and 
that there are litigant and squab- 
bling parochial bodies in a state of j 
perpetual protest against some new 
requisition. They are, in fact, about 
to discover that the Metropolis has 
no Local Government whatever... 
Riding or walking, no man can look 
about him in this metropolis 
without becoming immediately 
convinced that it has no Local 
Government whatever. No doubt, 
there are all sorts of industrious 
people latent in different parts of j 
the great labyrinth who are per- 
forming duties of an official char- 
acter. If a man steals your watch 
and you, beg a policeman to run 
after him, even if that policeman 
should shake his head and say he 
cannot follow him on the other side 
of the street, yet, if you will follow 
him yourself and drag him to a 
police-office, there is a magistrate 
there who will commit him. If you 
should be told, however, that 
magistrate is the LORD MAYOR, 
of the City of London, do not 
believe it. He is no more LORD 
MAYOR of the City of London 
than the Grand Duke of BADEN is 
Emperor of Germany. London is 
the most tremendous aggregate of] 
wealth, intelligence, end popula- 
tion which exists upon this earth; 
he is the administrator of a little 1 
district, consisting of a certain 
number of warehouses and offices 
and shops and public buildings. 
When be commits the man who 
stole your watch be is doing part of ] 
his real duty, but when he puts on a 
gold chain and a dress of ceremony, 
and affects to represent this great 
London, he is acting under a 
delusion successive in his office; 
and be is just as much an innocent 
imposter as the gentleman in 
Bedlam who declares that that he 
is the GREAT MOGUL. London 
has no Local Government, and it 
requires no Committee of the! 
House of Commons to convince us 
of that fact... 

Yet this great city might be 
supposed to be worthy of a 
government. The Metropolis of I 
England might be expected to have 
a head and a voice and a corporate! 
existence. It is scarcely decent that 
such a mass of wealth and power 
should lie speechless and unintelli- 
gent in the world. It is felt to be so, 
gross an inconvenience, that for-, 
eigners insist upon assuming some 
one to be the representative of this | 
vast province of houses and these 
three millions of inhabitants. They I 
take the LORD MAYOR, who is 
territorially a very much less, 
important metropolitan official 
than the Chairman of the Maryle- 
bone Vestry. We are all obliged to a | 
certain extent to follow their | 
example. If a General comes back; 
from a great war. or an Ambassa- 
dor from a great peace, or if a 
foreign Sovereign pays us a visit, or j 
if any expression of public senti- 
ment is to be made, we are obliged 
to look to the LORD MAYOR and 
the Aldermen and Common Coun- 
cilmen to do the proper acts of! 
civility, or express toe common! 
feeling. We know very well that 
they only represent a certain 
number of streets which were oncej 
enclosed within certain old walls, 
the memory of which has long! 
since perished. We know that theyj 
are only the delegates of a few. 
Liverymen, whose views may very 
possibly be entirely at variance 
with those of the great Metropolis 
itself: hut it is the only organiza- 
tion we have, and we are compelled 
to m.ilrp use of it. The foreign 
Sovereign is obliged to make 
believe, as he sits beside the 
MAYOR and the Aldermen and 
the Common Councilman, that he 
is accepting the hospitality of the. 
City of London; the Ambassador isj 
bound to declare that fee proudest 
moment of bis life has arrived! 
when he is presented wife feat gold | 
box in which is contained fee 
freedom of fee City of Loudon, and I 
the Ministers are, at least annually, i 
obliged to go through the solemn 1 
farce of pretending to speak to a 
proportionally small clique of alto- 
gether un influential persons, and 
to address them as the merchants! 
of the City of London— 


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Meaningful terms 

From Mr C. D. Georgaiakis 
Sir. At a seminar on energy 
conservation where guests were 
invited to table questions, first 
giving their name and profession. 
I was most impressed and in- 
trigued by an “environmental 
physicist**. He was a plumber. 
Yours faithfully. 

C. D. GEORGALAKJS, 

The Geoigafakis Partnership, 
Architects and Interior Designers, 
Ditchling Common, 

Burgess Hill. Sussex. 


4RA 






THE TIMES TUESDAY FEBRUARY 25 1986 


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COURT 

AND 

SOCIAL 


COURT 

CIRCULAR 

- BUCKINGHAM PALACE 
February 24: The Princess 
Anne. Mrs Mark Phillips, today 
opened and toured the British 

! Equestrian Trade Association 
Trade Pair at Sandown Park 
Racecourse where Her Royal 
Highness was received by Her 
1 Majesty's Lord Lieutenant for 

- Surrey (The Lord Hamilton of 
DalzeD). 

Mrs Malcolm Wallace was in 
attendance. 

Prince Andrew will visit Singer 
Link- Miles Limited. Lancing. 
West Sussex, on March 12. to 
open the new headquarters 


building and assembly facility. 

Princess Anne, President of the 
Save the Children Fund, will 
attend a reception for the Stop 
Polio Board at 10 Belgrave 
Square, on March 12. 

A memorial service for Ueuien- 
am-Colond Kenneth Cantlie 
will be held at St Michael's 
Church, Chester Square, Lon- 
don. SWI. on Wednesday. Feb- 
ruary 26. 1986. at noon. 

A memorial service for Lord 
David Cecil will be held at St 
Barlholomew-the-Greal. 
Smith field. ECU today at 
1 1 -30am. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of James Monahan will be 
held at St Paul's. Covenl Gar- 
den. today at noon. 


Forthcoming marriages 


Mr TS. Buckler 
and Miss RJL Grosmenor 
The engagement is announced 
between Toby, son of Mr and 


Mr DJ. Rae 
and Miss J.C Borebam 
The engagement is announced 
between Douglas, son of Mrs 


Mrs Humphrey Buckler, of Alcxandrina Rac. of Comiston 


Black heath. London, and Ra- 
chel. eldest daughter of the Hon 


Drive. Edinburgh, and of the 
laic Mr James Muir Rac. and 


Victor and Mrs Groove nor. of Jane Caroline, cider daughter of 


Grafton. Oxfordshire. Mr and Mrs Michael Bore ham, 

Mr MJi. Baker of The Old Rectory, Suiton, 

and Miss C Weaver w «‘ Sussex. 

The engagement is announced Mr D.A. Rees 

between Michael, eldest son of and Miss H.V.V. Martin 

Mr Henry Bake,? and the late The engagement is announced 


Mrs Baker. ofOwIctts. Cobham, 
Kent, and Caroline, second 
daughter of Sir Toby and Lady 
Weaver, of London. NW6. 

Mr N.P.A. Ayles 
and Miss C.I.E. Baxter 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, youngest son 
of Dr and Mrs William Ayles. of 
24 Moray Place. Edinbmgh. and 
Caroline, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Normile Baxter, of House 
of Aquahonhics. Inverurie. 
Aberdeenshire. 

Mr T.W. Battersby 
and Miss JA. Pilgrim 
The engagement is announced 
between William, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs B.R. Battersby. of 
Windc. Cheshire, and Julia, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs N. 
Pilgrim, of Wcy bridge, Surrey. 
Mr ILS. Campbell Richards 
and Miss A. Pearson 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, son of Mr and 
Mrs Brian Richards, of 
Ponhcawl. Mid-Glamorgan, 
and Anne, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Allan Pearson, also of 
Ponhcawl. 

Mr J.H.T. Chapman 
and Miss P.L. Tacon 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, son of Mr 
and Mrs Derek Chapman, of 
Harrogate, North Yorkshire, 
and Philippa, younger daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Antony Tacon. 
ofBnmdall. Norfolk. 

Mr D.K_ Hemptoman-Adams 
and Miss C.A. Brooks 
The engagement is announced 
between David, eldest son of Mr 
Michael D. Hempieman. of 
Swindon. Wiltshire, and Mrs M. 
Adams, of Radstock. Bath, and 
Claire, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Ronald Brooks, of Tumditch. 
Derbyshire. 

Captain J.CA.F. Moseley, RTR 
and Miss AJ. Pilkingtou 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan Moseley. 
Royal Tank Regiment, eldest 
son of Mr and Mrs John 
Moseley, of Dawcross. Harro- 
gate. and Annabel Jane, youn- 
gest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Robin Pilkitigton. of Nomey 
Wood. Eashmg. Godaiming. 
Surrey. 


between David, son of Mr and 
Mrs H.M. Rees, of Newport, 
Gwent, and Helen, daughter of 
Squadron Leader and Mrs H.V. 
Marlin. ofTavcrham. Norwich. 
Mr P.M. Siese 

and Miss E.M. Turner Bridger 
The engagement is announced 
between Patrick, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs John Siese. of 
Wimbledon, and Emma, daugh- 
ter of Mr Michael Turner Brid- 
get and the late Patricia Turner 
Bridger. and stepdaughter of 
Mrs Michael Turner Bridger. of 
Odiham. Lancashire. 

Mr J.R. Sykes 
and Miss PJVI. Morris 
The engagement is announced 
between James, son of Mr and 
Mrs B.H.C. Sykes, of Conock 
Manor. Devizes. Wiltshire, and 
Pamela, daughter of the late 
Mostyn Morris and of Mrs Betty 
Morris, of North wood. Middle- 
sex. 


Bryanston School 

Biyanston School has awarded 
, the following scholarships 
Junior Music: Rachel Birkinl 
Commonweal Comprehensive, 1 
Swindon; James Carrington, 
Salisbury Cathedral School. . 
Wiltshire; Neil Davies, St 
Osmund’s. Dorchester Bridget 
O'Driscoll, Beech Hall. 
Macclesfield. 

Sixth Form: Sarah Adams. Dr 
Challoncr's High .School; Lisa 
Browning. St Mary's Convent, 
Shaftesbury: Raymond Hamp- 
ton. Flicker’s Academy; Apricot 
Hulsc. Oxford High School - 


Sherborne School 
for Girls 

ACADEMIC AWARDS 
First Scholarship: Emma 
McClimock (West Downs, Win- 
chester): Second Scholarship: 
Catherine Hall-Cook (Leaden 
Hall, Salisbury); Third Scholar- 
ship: Lucia Nichol (St 
Christopher's. Burnham-on- 
Sca). Samantha Wilson (The 
Hampshire School. SW7). 
MUSIC AWARDS 
First Scholarship: Jemma Rees 
(Bruton Primary School. Somer- 
set): Second Scholarship: 
Gemma Town Icy (Sherborne 
School for Girls): Third Scholar- 
ship: Caroline Birch (James 
Allen's Girls' School. SE22). 


The Leys School 

MUSIC SCHOLARSHIP 
EXAMINATION 1986 
Music Scholarship: Mark R. 
Dawes (St Faith's School Cam- 
bridge). 

Music Exhibitions: James R. 
Boyle (King's College School. 
Cambridge): James H.D. Rokos 
(King's College SchooL Cam- 
bridge): Oliver J.K. Scon (Brigh- 
ton College Junior School, 
Brighton). 



obituary ___ 

PROF JOHN COCKING 
Leading British authority 
" C ^ Pr SLbavc ra n3^i" 

Professor : John Codong. ^ JSSorv of many of his 
who died on January 27 at “*■ 


i; itokssw . jhc memon. 01 ■— 

u*o died ot January 27 at the 6f quite exception- 




borne with admirable courage, «.^bou' w no* be collected. 

way one of the most .She himself planned. 

Kuished scholars and teachers as be ^jjed on 

ofFfencfaofhisgeneratioa ** reviewer, not only for 

...Born on November 9. 1914 asa journals such as 

John Marini Cocking was (to which he 

educated ■hi bis native Corn- extensiveivl, but 

SS at Kang’S College the 

London where he ws Bught ^ ^ abovc 

by, among others, Ae micu- jg Times Literary 

lent Australian antbonty on a}U_J°r before and 


lent Australian nnmmyon wj?. both before and 

“ ZeSti** *“ of 


Sale room 


Record £537,790 for bust 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspo n dent. - ; - r - - 


Sculpture and furnishings 
from one of the famous Loire 
chateaux produced the sensa- 
tions at Sotheby’s Monaco 
auction of fine furnishing on 
Sunday. 

A Renaissance bronze bust 
of a young man sold for 
5,550,000 francs (unpublished 
estimate about 2 million 
francs) or £537,790 to a Euro- 


tumed to the right; he wears a 
gilt bronze toga and is sup- 
ported by a green marble 
pedestaL 


tress, came for.- safe from a 
Paris collector and -was sold 
for £43,600 (estimate 
400,000—600,060 francs) or 


The group of 1 5 lots sent for £81,744 to a Paris, deafer. It 
sale by the Due de Talleyrand- was made by Alexis Magny 


Perigord from the Chateau de 
Vafencay attracted fierce bidr 
ding on account of the quality 
of the pieces and their prove- 
nance. A bronze bust of the 


pean collector. It is the highest 'Emperor Caracalla, again with 
price recorded at auction for gilded drapery on the shoul- 
old, as opposed to modem, ders, was attributed to the 


about 1750 with an elegant 
scrolling ormolu stand and 
other embellishments. 

The sale totalled £23nr with 
25 per cent left umoJd. AU the 
Louis XVI furniture sold. for’ 


sculpture. A Roubiliac bust of sixteenth century Venetian 


gilded drapery on the shoul- particularly high prices; .a set 
ders, was attributed to the of six mahogany armchairs 


Marriages 


The Hon Arthur Hazierigg 
and Miss L. Dngdale 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at the Church of St 
Mary the Virgin. Merevale, 
Warwickshire, of the Hon Ar- 
thur Hazierigg. son of Lord 
Hazierigg and the late Lady 
Hazierigg. and Miss Laura 
Dugdalc. eldest daughter of Sir 
William Dugdale and the late 
Lady Belinda Dugdale. The Rev 
S. Marriott officiated, assisted 
by Canon Peter Buckler. 

MrJ. Sysou 
and Mrs C. Hunt 
The marriage took place on 
Friday, February 21, ai West- 
minster Council House, of Mr 
John Syson and Mrs Christina 
Hunt 

Appointments 

Latest appointments include: 
Mr Brian Border to be ambas- 
sador to Poland in succession to 
MrJLAJL Moran. 

Mr Adrian Banes to be 
Remembrancer for the Corpora- 
tion of London in succession to 
Mr Anthony Hewlett who has 
retired. 


Luncheon 

Royal Oer-Seas League 
The High Commissioner for 
The Bahamas and Mrs 
Dcmcriitc were entertained at 
luncheon yesterday at Over- 
seas House by Sir David Scott, 
chairman, and members of the 
Central Council of the Royal 
Over-Seas League. 


Reception 

HM Government 
Mr Malcolm Rifkind. QC. Sec- 
retary of State for Scotland, and' 
Mrs Rifkind. Iasi night were 
hosts at a reception at Dover 
House. Whitehall, for par- 
liamentary lobby and gallery 
correspondents. 


Dinner 

City University Law Society 
The City University Law Soci- 
ety held its annual dinner at the 
University on Thursday, Feb- 
ruary 20. 1986. Mr Robert 
. Alexander.QC, Chairman of the 
Bar Council was the guest 
speaker. 


Lord Chesterfield sold at 
Christie's last year for 
£518,400 is the nearest con- 
tender. 

The “Young Man” is attrib- 
uted to Antico, and dated by 
Sotheby's to the first quarter 
of the sixteenth century. He is 
vety similar to a series ofbusts 
of classical heroes which 
Antico made for the Gonzaga 
family. With finely delineated 
curls and a moustache, his 
handsome young free is 


school and made 777,000 
francs (estimate 280,000— 
350.000 francs) or £75^90. It 
was bought by an American 


made . by Garnler -for the 
Marquis de Marigny in 1778 
brought 560,550 francs (esti- 
mate 200,000-300,000 francs) 
or £54,316. Very plain, with 


private collector. A fine pair of caned backs, they reflect the 
Louis XVI ormolu candelabra Marquis' admiration for En- 


secured 577,200 francs (esti- 
mated 150,000-200,000 
francs) or £55,930; the safe 
saw several high prices for 
candelabras. 

A microscope believed to 
have belonged to Mariam* de 
Pompadour, Louis XV's mis-. 


glish fiu^ mxl^ most STS 

IU wSiS^ 1 SSaS n riifH«ihi« whom I* devoted a book first 
Sotbeb/s difficulties paWisbc d jn. 1956 ^ dre 

JjLJE Bowes 2 nd Bowes series of 

Studies in Modem European 
LUerature and Thoughts 


Randolph Hughes. 

He moved to the Sorbonne 
and the’ .British Institute in 
Paris, where he was assistant 
to the Director, Granvilfe- 
Barkcr and, as President of the 
British Institute Cub, gave a 
memorable performance as 
Professor Higgins in Shaw's 
Pygmalion. (He retained to 
the eud a remarkable gin for 
minucry, taking off to the life 
'the •idiosyncratic; pretentious 
•dr pompous): ; 

' All his teaching career in 
England was at King's, where 
be was assistant lecturer in 
French from 1939 to 1946 
(including- five years’ absence 
on war service in the Army), 
and was elected to the chair of 
French language and literature 
in 1952, a post he filled with 
distinction until his retire- 
ment in July 1975. 

Meanwhile be held appoint- 
ments as visiting lecturer in 
the University of Ghana, vis- 
ftmg professor in the Univer- 
sity of Western Australia, 
George A/ Mflter lecturer in 
the University of IDinois^md 
visitng: professor at Madison, 
Wisconsin; he also taught at 
Princeton ■ and Harvard. He 
was in wide demand as 
external examiner for under- 
graduate and higher degrees, 
and as a public lecturer.. 

Codring was universally 
recognized as the leading Brit- 
ish authority on Proust, to 
whom he devoted a book first 
published in. 1956 in the 


readv pierced this veil- in the 
presence of his ineww wtt 
and elegance of style. But all 
mo iced when his more recent, 
exemplary reviews, noiamy 

the outstanding senes on the 
fetters of Proust and of MaUar- 
me (in themselves an anginal 
comribunon by theirpenetrat- 
ing insights), were publicly 
credited to him- • _ 

- He built up .to King s a fine 
efepartment, much admired by - 
visitors from abroad as by his 
colleagues in Britain. He was 
aMy supported by his wife, 
Becky (nee May Parsons Wal- 
lis), whom he mamed in 1941; 
ihe warmth of their welcome 
was deeply and widely appre- 
ciated 

In the department he was 
specialty remembered for 
what one colleague aptly 
called his “formidable 
feimess”: he firmly supported 
those with whose views he 
strongly disagreed no less than 
those of like mind to his own. 
Another colleague spoke for 
many in stressing his total 
integrity. In 1973, the French 
Republic recognized his ser- 
vices by naming him Offirier 
deTOrdre National duMerite. . 

He spent the first years of * 
retirement (as Levertiulme 
emeritus research fellow. 
1975-1977) at Ludgvan in his 
beloved Cornwall, working on 
a long-cherished project: a 


Bowes and Bowes series of study of the imagination 
Studies in Modem European throughout the ages, aspects of 


bracket Much remained un- 
sold. • .... 


Meeting 


Royal Over-Seas League 
Dr John Burton was the guest 
speaker at a meeting of the 
Discussion Circle of the Royal 
Over-Seas League held yes- 
terday evening at Over-Seas 
House. Mrs Main Raddiff pre- 
sided. 



The new director of the 
Women’s Royal Naval Ser- 
vice, Commandant Kelsey 
Fletcher, aged 53, who took 
up her appointment this 
month. 


Science report 

Russian dolls’ safety answer for nuclear plant 


A special unclear power 
plant, now nearing completion, 
has been designed to replace a 
conventional district heating 
station in the industrial town 
of Gorky, in middle Russia. It 
is just over a mile outside the 
town limits, compared with the 
15 miles minimum distance 
Soviet regulations demand for 
nuclear power stations. 

It has been placed so close 
to ent down on costs of trunk 
pipelines to carry heating 
water to the town's homes, 
offices and factories. But flifc 
has meant stringent safety 
precautions to meet the conse- 
quent hundredfold increase in 
the effect of an accident on the 
nearest buildings. 

Scientists found the answer 
in the ' familiar Matryoshka 


By Alfred Browne 

in the latest Rassian power switched 
stations. The shell itself pro- remainii 


rides some protection. Outside 
that comes the reactor's safety 
vessel and reactor and all 
ancillary equipment ishoused 
in a concrete protective enve- 
lope said to be able to survive 
the impact of a plane crashing 
on iL 

As a safeguard against the 
escape of radioactivity into 
heating water three circuits 
are employed. The reactor 
itself uses water to transfer 
heat from its uranium oxide 
fuel to a primary exchanger, 
which in turn feeds another 
circuit. All of them are boosed 
entirely within the safety ves- 
sel. There are three sets of 
heat exchanger circuits. Pres- 
sure differences between the 


toy. the series of dolls fitting circuits should prevent any 
one inside the next. The leakage of radioactive prod- 


reactor chosen is the shell 
type, rather than the tube 
reactors more commonly used 


nets. If any trace of radioactiv- 
ity was detected in any circuit 
it would be automatically 


switched out of action. The 
remaining two would be suffi- 
cient to keep the system 
working near normally. 

Should a leak occur within 
the reactor, fuel elements 
would be flooded and heat 
would continue to be drawn off 
for up to a week. The reactor 
itself is “de-tuned” to operate 
at 150C the same temperature 
used in conventional heat sap- 
ply plants. One advantage of 
this is that no pomps are 
required, removing a further 
risk of a breakdown. Heat is 
transferred by convection. 

As winter visitors to the 
Soviet Union cannot help but 
notice, one aspect of life in 
which the Russians may claim 
to have surpassed even the 
Americans is the warmth in- 
side their buildings. Just over 
a third of all organic fuel 
production is used in generat- 
ing low-grade beat for build- 


ings and for hot water 
supplies. 

Nuclear stations should cot 
this considerably. Though 
down-rated Gorky’s station 
will produce 1000 megawatts 
of heat, enough for its 400,000 
population, saving 700,000 
tonnes of fuel a year. No less 
important, according to Soviet 
ecologists, will be the cleaner 
air over this industrial town, 
with the dosing of its 300 
trailer houses at present burn- 
ing oii and coal 

A second nuclear heat sta- 
tion is being built at the 
similarly sized town of Voro- 
nezh. Bigger nuclear combined 
heat and power stations are 
being built at Odessa and 
Minsk, at more normal dis- 
tances from the towns, con- 
struction b doe to start this 
year on a third heat and power 
station at Kharkov and, in 
1987, on a fourth at Volgo- 
grad. 


CHRISTIE’S WEEK IN VIEW 

A selection from our 19 sales in London this week. 

Postage Stamps of the British Empire! Wednesday 
25 February at H a jn., King Street: Pan of a dealer’s 
stock covering the period of 1863-1935 with many blocks 
and individual rarities, a number of which came from 
various Colonial Post Offices. There are many lots with 
appeal to die specialist collector, while all will attract the 
active dealer. 

Fine English Fomitaret Thursday 27 February at 
11 a.m^ King Street: A fine collection of good qnality 
English furniture including a selection of pieces belonging to 
the late Sir Charles Qore. Particularly attractive are a pair of 
George HI mahogany dinfng zoom urns and pedestals and a 
pair of early Victorian papier mache chairs, 

E nglis h Pictures; Friday 28 February at 10 JO a-ixu. 
King Street: A most attractive collection of pictures with a 
wide scope for the discerning buyer. Portraits form a large 
part of this sale with works by Thomas Wollaston, Thomas 
Hudson and Godfrey Kneller. There is a delightful selection 


of genre paintings; also well represented are maritime scenes 
including a Thomas Whitcomhe of an East Indianan off the 
Downs, possibly the Pheonix which sailed for Calcutta in 
February 1788. 

The M emertzhagen Collection of Fulda 
Porcelain: Monday 3 March at 11 a.m.. King Street: 
Founded in 1765 the Fulda factory was one of the most 
charming of the numerons to spring up in Germany in the 
18th century. Although there are examples of the factory's 
products in most major museums this is the largest single 
collection outside Germany. Formed by the present owners 
over the last 30 years, die collection covers wares, figures and 
groups, sale of 54 Iocs is estimated to total about jQ 150,000 


Viewing: King Street: Weekdays 9 a.m.— 4.45 p.m. 
Enquiries (01) 839 9060 ✓'<05555%. 

South Kensington: 

Mondays 9a.m. -7p.m. f Cjfej | 

Tuesday to Friday 9 a.m. — 4.45 p.m. ' \ 

Enquiries: (01) 581 7611 



in -a revised and greally en- 
larged edition.' by the Cam- 
bridge University Press vt 
19827 


which he treated in lectures 
and articles, and which he was 
revising in his last year. 

In 1980. be had. moved to 
Cambridge, partly for. health 


His uncollected articles reasons, partly in .quest of the 
range widely as did his lec- intellectual resources- of a 


tures, both academic and pub- university City and of the 
lie, covering drama from the stimulus of an ever-growing 
Re naissance to the present curie of . friends and col- 
day, and literature in the past leagues, these found their 
400 years. The talks be con- own lives greatly enriched by 
tribuied to the Third Pro- the friendship and company 
gramme, and Jo other BBC they found in John and Becky, £ 
services, -on Mallarmt, MaL whosurvives him. They had 
raux. Proust . Sartre. -Camus one ton. 


Bertrand Eatri, wfio died on 
February 22 of injuries re- 
ceived the previous day while 
testing a Formula 3 car at 
Goodwood, was considered to 
be the most promising 
; French-Canadiaii racing driv- 
er since the late Grilles ViDe- 
neuve. ' 

** Only last month be was 
presented with a Grovewood 
Award as one of the brightest 
British and - Commonwealth 
prospects to have emerged 
from the 1985 season when, 
ebneentxating' on Formula 
Ford 2000 , Be won both the 
British and European champi- 
onships. ■ • 

. This dual success was to 
have fed this year to a season 
of Formula 3 racing with the 
West Surrey Racing team. 

Parental opposition to a 
driving, career had prevented 
him -from, racing -until . 1983, 
when, be was 2L but be then 
quickly demonstrated his po- 


BERTKAIfflDTABI 

ri~whp died on 
if injuries re- • 





In 1984 be became Canadi- 
an Formula Ford 2000 cham- 
pion, then be came across to 
Britain after he had taken a 
leaf out of Niki Lauda’s book 
by persuading his bank man- 
ager to advance the finance for 


tebtial by- winning eleven of progressing his racing 


his first sixteen Formula Ford 
races - 


career.Fabi lived 
brooke. Quebec. 


. MR C. GRAHAM-DIXON 

Mr Charles Graham-Dixon, On leaving the Bai 


Christie’s have 25 offices throughout the UK. If you would like to know the name of your nearest representative 
please telephone Caroline Trefigarne on (01) 588 4424s. 


Birthdays today County bridge 

The joint coun^of Hamp- 
Mr John ArlolL 72: Mr Anthony- shire and Isle of Wight wontfae 
Burgess. 69; Mr Tom of the -English 'Bridge 

Councnav. 49; Sir Antony Duff Union’s County Teams of Eight 
66; Mr Nicholas Edwards. MP. Championship for the fint'time 
52: Mr George Harrison. 43: Mr -when Ihfi five area winners met 
Harvev McGregor. QC. 60: Sir 31 die Grand Hotel Bir- 
AUm Marrc. 72: Loid Justice nringfram over the weekend. 
Parker. 63: Mr David Punnam. Somerset was second -■ 

45: the Right Rey Dr^ ^.A. 

Ra msboiham. 80. Sir Henry T. jf p<w». j £££"««. c 

Smith.. 81: Sir Ian Wallace. 70. l tSSSSTmS 

Marshal of ihe RAF Sir Keith §&8r^j°i8S52& i &??&b£ 
Williamson. 58. - 42: 4.Lncc « g i u. i u «3fl;.a aroy. ai. 


QC, who died on February 13 
at the age of 84, was one of the 
leading revenue specialists in 
practice at the Bar until his 
retirement in .1956. 

Educated at Merchant 
Taylors’ School and St John's 
College, Oxford, he was called 
to the Bar in 1925,-With the 
encouragement of his father, 
who reached the .top of the 
Inland Revenue . as a career 
civil servant, he toon saw the 
.unrealized ^ potential of the 
revenue Bar, then restricted to 
two or three sets of chambers: 

Unabfeio find a seat in tax 
chambers, he coached pupils 
for. the Bar exams, and waited 
for an opportunity. In fact the 
teaching took over, and for the 
next 10 years he be came 

acknowledged as the best Bar 
tutor' of his time. Many of 
these pupils were destined to 
be leading members of the 
judiciary and Bar in Britain 
and -the Commonwealth. 

His wife, Dorothy, whom he 
married in 1926. was a profes- 
sipnal pianist, but ai this time 
her skills as a typist of lecture 

notes were more in point 

In due course he joined the 
tax diamtes of Raymond 
Needham. KC amt m nru, 


developed a: busy revenue 
practice: to which his teaching 
activities had to give way. 

He took silk in 1950 and 
succeeded Terence (later 
Lord) Donovan as bead of 
chambers. Until retiring in 
.1956 he look part in many of- 
the leading cases of the day 
while jdvising a broad and 
colowtul 1 spectrum of clients, 
ranging from commerce and 
industry to literature and the 
world of entertainment He 
was for many, years a trusted 
adytser and friend of sir 
Winston ChurehilL 


On leaving the Bar he took 
up board appointments with a 


in shipping and other fields, 
including Shell Tanker Fi- 
nance, John Holt Westmin- 
ster Dredging and Shipping 
Industrial Holdings. The ex- 4 
tensive travelling that this 
involved was a welcome 
change from the lax Bar. 

His long association with 
. the_ Charing Cross Hospital 
Medical School (now amal- 
gamated with Westminster 
Medical School) began when 
he joined the council in' 1963. 

He was elected chairman 10 
years later. 

A generous benefactor,; he . 
established a trust to promote 
research in catdio-vascUlar 
medicine and surgery, en- 
dowed prizes in that field in 
.medicine, surgery and nursing 
anti with his wife, set up a J 

fora to support the school w 
library. 

On his retirement fhom-lbe 
-council in 1981. he was immew 
Qiately appointed president, a 
tribute to the regard in which 
he was held by staff .and 
stwlents. He was also a 16yal 
uid generous friend of Char- 
Jpg Cross Hospital being presi 


j-eague oi i-nenos. 
Connoisseur. as he was of 
nne .furniture, paintings and 
music, his other voluntary# 
wont as council member and 
«raor vice-president of the 
Royal Albeit Hall, kept him in 
touch with cultural affairs! 

^Soncemcd to revive' 
foe high Victorian ideals of the 
“tors constitution and to that 
Promoted one of! its 
rag® 31 , uses as a - picture 
gflery, leading hisowncotec- . 

r*hifc£’ Dul ? 1 Parings far an jT 
exfobrtion. there last autumn: 

• JSywfled in 1 979 and he 

a survived by his two sons. 










T 


THE TIMES TUESDAY FEBRUARY 25 1986 


_ THE ARTS 

Television Four years ago Michael Rudman left his job at the National j 
q j ■ , • Theatre; but all is forgiven and tonight he returns, directing \ 
OaGlSUC Brighton Beach Memoirs', interview by Sheridan Morley 

society Lure of the perfect song to sing 


Photograph o» Mtdwal IMhanbyCW 


Id some flip sleeve-notes for 

the Beyond the Fridge LP we Brighton Beach Memoirs, Neil 
are told that Jonathan Miller Simon's semi-autobiographi- 

U (TwlllrAr ffitiiKbJk _ . ■ - - . * L!_ - 


“dislikes spinach and is 
frightened by the idea of being 
tortured for reformation which 
he never bad a the first 

- place". It is the kind of haif- 
hmnoraas, half-horrifying ad- 

- mission characteristic of Dr 
Miller and, last night, in 
Channel 4Ts Survive: Torture 

•; end Interrogation, we were 
soberingfy confronted by the 
real thing. 

Maria, a Sooth American 
fine arts lecturer, was subject- 
ed to ten days of excnciatiog 
electrical torment to make her 
i reveal information die never 
■ possessed. The Soviet dissi- 
dent Vladimir Bukovsky spent 
18% years in psychiatric insti- 
tutions, allegedly insane, but 
actually refusing all induce- 
ments to conform to bis 
country's required ideological 
pattern. In Vietnam a captured 
US Special Forces officer 
called Nick Rowe was subject- 


cal account of his teenage 
family life, described m 
Saturday's Times, brings the 
most commercially successful 
of all Broadway dramatists to 
the National Theatre for the 
first time tonight. It also 
brings back to the National the 
American-born director Mi- 
chael Rudman, who spent the 


didn't want to run a. group. I longer really think of myself as 
wanted to run a stage (hat was Texan or indeed American: 


what I had always done at 
Hampstead and before that at 
die Traverse. Instead, I found 
1 was spending more and more 
of my time on committees and 
it seemed time for a change. 1 
think we were both right: Peter 
was right to change the sys- 
tem. and I was right to leave. 
But . pan of the arrangement 


late Seventies and early Eight- 1 was that I'd return to direct if I 
res there as an NT associate in could find the right play, and 


charge of the Lyttelton stage. 
There is indeed a certain irony 
in that his return, after four 
years principally spent marry- 
ing Felicity Kendal and direct- 
ing Dustin Hoffman in the 
Broadway Death of a Sales- 
man and Richard Harris in 
the rather less successful Lon- 
don Camdot. now coincides 
with the announcement that 
Rudman’s old Oxford and 
Hampstead partner David 
Aukin is to join the National 
in September as executive 


ed to five years off eid-fash-j director, a job which puls him 


toned sadism in an ultimately j n precisely the same line of 
fruitless bid to persuade faim to succession from which 
give names and information. Rudman abruptly departed in 
All three prisoners faced a 1982. 
comparable cyde of punish- At least, the certain irony is 
mart and reward, pal® and there if you happen to be 
special pl e adi ng , real brutality observing the situation from 
and bogus, tantalizing sympa- the outside with no more than 
thy. Each spoke of the feility a casual interest in how the 
of feigning bravery, of the National plays its power 
importance of keeping a comer games: if you happen to be 
of one’s mind free from tiiei Rudman, there would seem to 
otherwise wholesale invasion be nothing but cautious de- 
of pain and terror, of accepting! light at Aukin's move to the 
the possibility of death, of South Bank: 
some rather clinical and de- “As soon as 1 heard the 
Inched understanding of wte| news I sent David a bunch of 
was being done to them. 1 roses saying congratulations 
Torture is, of coarse, simply and I hope he doesn't find the 
one of the nastier and more! thorns. I spent three years on 
squalid manifestations of that! the staff here and I'm very 
basic hrtoHerance which seems glad to be back with this new 
genetically built into the to- play. | wasn't fired, and I 
man race. We find the instinct didn't quit exactly. What bap- 
in every school playground, pened was that Peter Hall 
although not, one hope s, the changed the. system, from one 
refined, self-justifying extrem- of directors or stages to one of 
Hy. Until recently, the greatest directors of companies. I 
experts in anatomy and medi- - 

5 *3 sc * eB f e P! r0 * ie ? s i S!y? • David Mamet's Glengarry 

Ron, which hu 
numbers a^induding 


as soon as I saw Brighton 
Beach Memoirs on Broadway 
1 knew it was the one t wanted 
to do." 

At that time Rudman was 
working there on the Dustin 
Hoffman Salesman, and I 
wondered if perhaps he had 
seen in Brighton Beach Mem- 
oirs a lighter reflection of that 
same world. “A lot of Neil 
Simon's best-known plays are 
about two people talking, 
whether it's the Sunshine Boys 
or the Odd Couple, here you 
ha ve a play about a family and 


when I was working on the 
Broadway Death of a Sales- 
man the cast there would 
solemnly take me out to coffee 
bars and tell me what it meant 
to be American, and I guess it 
was around then I thought 
perhaps 1 didn't have a coun- 
try of my own any more.” 

Apart from an introduction 
to marriage and the life of a 
freelance, director - on both 
sides of the Atlantic, these last 
four non-Nalional years have 
also seen another change in 
Rudman's activities- 

“When 1 came to the Na- 
tional David Aukin took over 
from me at Hampstead, and 
for his fortieth birthday I sent 
him just what he had always 
wanted, the first act of a new 
play by an unknown author. 
Me. He rang to ask how soon 
he could have Act 11 and I told 
him about twenty minute£ 
Tom Stoppard taught me that: 
always send the first act round 


count of every even remotely 
uncharitable paragraph 1 have 
ever written about him, and 
Short List was apparently in 
this latter grouping. Bui what 
makes this total recall so 
deeply unnerving, indeed al- 
most Pinteresque, is that Mr 
Rudman does not appear to be 
actually challenging the re- 
views. or the right to have 
primed them. He merely 
quotes them back at you. 
verbatim, and then waits for 
you to say something. I have 
taken now to commenting at 
these junctures on the weather 
and the cut of his suits, which 
would seem to be getting 
sharper with middle age. 


in precisely the same line of about a country. It’s one of aiK j a | <Mle . j t arouses 


those rare occasions where a 
playwright has found the per- 
fect song to sing: only Simon 
could have written this play, 
because so much of it is only 
really about him growing up. 
That was the first reason I 


curiosity if nothing else. Any- 
way David liked Short List 
enough to stage it Some of the 
critics also liked it very 
much." 


a casual interest in how the wanted to do it the second 
National plays its power was that I couldn't get into a 
games: if you happen to be matinee after it had been on 
Rudman, there would seem to Broadway for two years. It's 
be nothing but cautious de- the little things like that which 
light at Aukin's move to the give you a hint about possible 
South Bank: success.” 

“As soon as I heard the As an American who has 
news I sent David a bunch of worked almost exclusively in 
roses saying congratulations the English theatre since he 


and I hope he doesn't find the left Oxford in 1964. Rudman 
thorns. I spent three years on might also be thought to have 


the staff here and I'm very 
glad to be back with this new 
play. I wasn’t fired, and I 
didn’t quit exactly. What hap- 
pened was that Peter Hall 


changed the. system, from one director who had done a 
of directors of stages to one of David Storey play could do 
directors of companies. I this one. Besides whidv. I no 


That was the first reason I At this point there develops 
wanted to do it; the second an extremely long pause in the 
was that I couldn't get into a interview. Mr Rudman and I 
matinee after it had been on (and indeed Mr Aukin) started 
Broadway for two years. It's out together some 26 years ago 
the little things like that which as students in college produc- 
give you a hint about possible tions of which Mr Rudman 
success.” was usually the director. Since 

As an American who has that time I have had occasion 
worked almost exclusively in to review Mr Rudman's work 
the English theatre since he on what 1 would guess to be 
left Oxford in 1964. Rudman several dozen first nights. I 
might also be thought to have would estimate that some- 
a certain advantage in direct- where between 70 and 80 per 
ing Simon: cent of those reviews have 

“Not necessarily: Texas is a been essentially favourable, 
long way from Brighton Of them, neither Mr 
Beach. I think any English Rudman nor I seem to recall a 
director who had done a great deal. What however he 
David Storey play could do can recall, with alarming accu- 
this one. Besides whidu. 1 no_ racy, is a bkw-bv-bfow ac- 


’4 - .. U 

w • W-'-M 

• rtVf iJ 

mm 


No sooner had he turned 
playwright than the offer of 
Camdot came along: “That 
was a very confusing experi- 
ence, especially for Richard 
Harris who had done the show 
four hundred times on the 
road in America and under- 
standably saw no reason to 
change it for London. What 
made it all much worse was 
that Harris had never really 
rehearsed the show with a 
director, even in America: he 
had just stepped in on the road 
for an ailing Richard Burton, 
taught himself to db ft and 
then gone on doing it. So to 
have someone suddenly teil 
him how to do it thoroughly 
suprised him. He did however actors for the Broadway Death 



„ V-'.- 

\ (■: /. , 

' : 
■ .1 


r ■ 


remain very amiable, at least 
until we got the reviews and 
no houses. After that he 
started demanding cuts. 1 
began to feel like the Duke of 
York, marching four hundred 
chorus boys up to the top of 
different hills and then down 
again every night to no appar- 
ent purpose.” 

So. within a year of leaving 
the National. Rudman had 
written a play, got re-married 
and directed his first Broad- 
way musical. He had also 
started to audition American 


of a Salesman: 

“Welcome to my honey- 
moon. I told them, but noth- 
ing seems to surprise people 
any more. Least of all me. 
When I first went to talk to 
Dustin about Willy Loman he 
was wearing pearls and a 
cocktail dress, because Tootsie 
was being filmed and he liked 
to stay in character. I’d al- 
ready done the Miller play 
with two very funny men, 
John Neville at Nottingham 
and Warren Mitchell at the 
National, and Hoffman is in 


that comic tradition which is 
so valuable for Willy Loman. 
What's more, all the cast had 
also done the play before 
somewhere, so it was like a 
homecoming. You only have 
to announce Dustin Hoffman 
on Broadway and they queue 
all night: he’s almost like a pop 
star, but theatregoers aren't 
dumb: they've grown with 
him across a lot of very good 
movies and they just know he 
can deliver in a way that most 
film stars actually can't.” 

Though there are plans for 
another West End play after 


Brighton Beach Memoirs (he 
has The Dragon’s Tail still at 
the Apollo with Penelope 
Keith) it is dear that Rudman 
has not yet totally adjusted to 
the freelance life: “I had three 
and a half years at Notting- 
ham, three at the Traverse, 
five at Hampstead, three at the 
Lyttelton. I like a base. If 
you’re freelance, it is that 
much harder to choose a Jrae 
of vprlL On the other hand, 
the joy of working here at the 
National without having to go 
to all those meetings is 
tremendous.” 


desire to beuL A ad, if fc| 


the Pulitzer Prize for Drama 
and the Society of West End 




Theatres’ Best 7 Play of the 


verts and sadists, we must 
remember that they are, in a 


Year for 1983, transferred to 
the Mermaid Theatre last 


m&hL It was previously seen at 
f "k® 1 * 8 * 5 the National Theatre. Then as 

which produce them. now it was directed by Bill 

Andrew Rissik 


Bryden. 


Opera 

Festive Rossini 


Otello 

La Fenice, Venice 


Carnival time in Venice: an 
excuse to dress up on both 
. sides of the curtain, and a 
chance to see a different 
Venice — the Venice of 
Rossini's Otdlo. Unlike the 
Verdi opera written more than 
half a century later, the work- 
of the 24-year-old Rossini 
takes place entirely in the 
lagoon city, and it quickly 
becomes clear how little he 
knew or cared for Shake- 
speare. Indeed, as one Rossini 
expert has pointed out, the 
opera that was effectively 
killed off by Verdi's Otdlo 
would have done better if the 


gondolier's song, does Pon- 
nelle's judgement momentari- 
ly lapse: OtelldTlike some 
spoilt boy. treads the rumpled: 
sheets of Desdemona's bed to> 
regale the audience with his| 
fury. i 

Or perhaps Ponnelle is tell- 
ing us that this never could be 
the tragic hero we think we 
should be seeing. Rossini's 
Moor is just one of three 
suitors for Desdemona, and 
docs not meet her alone on 
stage until the death scene. In 
the first two acts he is pure 
bluster, a characteristic occa- 
sionally apparent in Curtis 
Ra yam's singing. The voice 
needs sharper focus, though 
with his tubby figure Rayam 
at least captures the mock- 1 


three most famous characters martial heroics of the charac- 
had been given names like ter. He has two other tenors as i 
Riccardo. Argiria and Faliero rivals, one of whom — the ! 
instead of Otello. Desdemona Rodrigo of Raul Gimenez — is 



Galleries 


All prepared for the swings of fashion 


Superior example of the “kitchen-sink” genre: 
Jack Smith's intense, muted Mother Bathing Child 


Forty Years of Modern 
Art 1945-1985 

Tate 


M Often the most improvised shows can be 
§ the most revealing. Forty Years oj 
Modern Art . at the Tale until April 27, 
was not quite thought up yesterday. But, 
by the time it became evident that the 
new Gore galleries would not be open 
now. as had been hoped, it was much too 
late to get together a major loan 
exhibition to fill the hiatus in the Tate's 
programmes. Instead it was decided to 
mount a show entirely from stock which 
would at once constitute a sort of tribute 
to Ronald Alley, Keeper of the Modern 
Collection, on his retirement and pro- 
vide a sort of conspectus of art of the 
postwar years, as reflected in the Tate's 
acquisitions under Mr Alley. 

In fairness to modern art. it is. 
necessary to remember that one gallery’s 
acquisitions, even ifshown in toip, coukf 
never hope to be comprehensive and 
ideally balanced. In fairness to the Tate, 
it is necessary to remember that this, 
anyway, is only one man's selection, 
though the selection of a very influential 
if one. 

a Still, it is revealing to get some general 
notion of what the Tate has from these 
* ■" difficult years, and especially what it has 
hidden away. Many will no doubt be 
astonished at what a good showing the 
Tate's holding of classic American 
Abstract Expressionist painting makes. 


We know there is that extraordinary 
Rothko installation of nine canvases (a 
pity that this show allows for only seven 
of them), but it is still unexpected what 


Such a nationalcollection has a duty 
to be representative, and as far as 
possible avoideensonng anything out of 
the story just because none of the 


good examples of the other major figures purchasi ng body actually likes it. ProKi- 
are present, with perhaps only a really bly people at the Tate liked Manessier 
important mature Pollock needed to andRiopclIeintiieFifucstprobablylhcy 
clinch the effecL While it is natural that a stopped liking them in the Sixties. But 
British collection of modern art would the paintings remained significant of 
have a fair representation of Fifties something which had happened and 
“kitchen-sink” realism, it says much for should be recorded. And now they are 
the taste of the time that the Tate still there, ready for the moment — 
acquired such superior examples of the maybe now — when people start to like 


genre as John Bratby’s Window, Self 
Portrait. Jean and Hands <1957, ac- 
quired the same year) and Jack Smith's 
intense, muted Mother Bathing Child, 
not to mention a really good (one of the 
few, some might say) contemporary 
“social" Gutiusos, The Discussion 
(1959-60). 

Similar surprises come up with very ' 
different kinds of painting a couple of 
rooms on. Just fancy the Tate having 
(long unhung in most cases) prime 
examples of such French favourites of 
the Fifties as the lyrical abstractionists 
and tachistes Manessier, Soulages, 
Poliakoff. Riopelle and Hartung (if not 
all exactly French, at least Ecoie de 
Paris), nearly all bought hot off the easeL 
Probably they should have struck sooner 
to buy great De Steels, but they have 
ended up with three beauties. And this 
group collectively does give us a 
yardstick with which to measure later, 
still controversial acquisitions, like Carl 
Andres notorious Equivalent VIII — the 
"bricks" to you. 


and Riopelle in the Fifties: probably they 
stopped liking them in the Sixties. Bui 
the paintings remained significant of 
something which had happened and 
should be recorded. And now they are 
still there, ready for the moment — 
maybe now -- when people start to like 
them again. 

Putting together such a collection is a 
conundrum lo which there can only be 
wrong- answers — with the added 
problem that we arc seldom qualified to 
recognize the important errors of com- 
mission and omission until it is at least 
20 years too late. I may wonder, for 
instance, why there is a whole room of 
Dubuffet. since 1 do not like Dubuffet, 
but someone else might say the same 
about Rothko, where I would not dream 
of questioning. The status of many 
conceptual works of the Seventies, or of 
the recently fashionable Penck. Schna- 
bel. Oiia and Baselitz, or the more 
campy photographic work, has still to be 
determined. We can fairly jib at some of 
the individual choices made: why this, 
when for the same money you could 
have had that, or two of these, or a set of 
those? But ultimately we never know 
what is eventually going to gladden us 
with its presence. 

John Russell Taylor 


and lago. a ci 

In recent years the Rossini PL 1 , 
adaptation has shown sighns \" a 
of stirring from its grave — c 
both Camden and Wexford, .■ 
have seen it. though not yet ln< 
Pesaro. The musical invention 
is of patchy q uality. depending 
for the most part on the usual Ro 
mixture of Rossinian fretta cat 


a cut above most other Rossi- 
ni tenors to be heard today. 
His Act II aria was the best of 
’he evening. 

But it is in the duets and 
trios that this opera's greatest 
musical rewards are to found. 
The Act I duel for lago and 
Rodrigo is a case in point, 
capped only by that for Desde- 


Concerts 


and a prodigious display of mona and Emilia in the next 
mraliia. scene and the tno with 

ir _ Desdemona's father Elmiro. 

3f you ran accept these Condo was luxury cast- 

terms. and banish Verdi from ing ^ Emilia: she sings more 
your mind, then Rossini s tenderiy than ever. June An- 
Otdio is m business, espeaa y dcisa n as Desdemona packs 
,f !} has Jean-Ficrre Ponnejk considerable g^ce and »n- 
and Roderick Btydon as its viction into her portrayal — 
advocates. In their hands, especially in the Willow Song, 
indeed, the work comes bnl- ^ Jyre pressed obsessively to 
Itantiy to life. Ponitelle is her ^ telling us that the 
quick to point out that Rossini plaintive harp accompani- 
es c^tng not in tragedy but in mcnl exists in the heroine's 
me odrama - at least in Acts I m ind alone< 

?"?'^“ rUUnly ,n ^ Coveni Cani™ will shortly 
.jocular overture. .. m Anderson 's t*L 


LSO/ 

Shostakovich 

Barbican 

A fearsomely precise perfor- 
mance of Shostakovich's First 
Violin Concerto revealed once 
again the nerveless technical 
assurance which has made 
Viktoria Mullova such a hot 
property since her well-publi- 


sponsive and rather mediocre When, in the year of 
conducting. His inability to Shostakovich's death, the 
keep orchestra and soloist young Fnzwilliam recorded 
together through several the complete quartets, it was 
straightforward passages in as if a new biography of 


year of of the stern demands they will 
tit, the be making during the next 
recorded month not only ofthemselves 
is. it was but of their audiences too. 


the Passacaglia wreaked Juvoc Shostakovich had been writ- 
on his father's subtle mesh of ten. Now. just over 10 years 


harmonic tension. 


later, another recorded tome 


At least the spectacle of has just been released, and is 
Shostakovich junior conduct- being serialized live in seven 


derson as Desdemona packs cized emigration to America, 
considerable grace and con- two years ago. The stralo- 


viction into her portrayal — 
especially in the Willow Song, 
the lyre pressed obsessively to 
her ear telling us that the 
plaintive harp accompani- 
ment exists in the heroine's 
mind alone. 

Coveni Garden will shortly 
discover Miss Anderson's laJ- 


sphenc harmonic which ends 
the opening movement could 
not have been faded with a 
steadier bow. the Scherzo’s 
ever-changing rhythmic em- 


ing Shostakovich has curiosity 
■ value, whereas his direction of 
Wagner's Rienzi Overture and 
Mahler's First Symphony 
seemed fairly bereft of posi- 
tive qualities. Bombastic ges- 
tures, coarse orchestral 
imbalances, faltering ensem- 
ble and a distinct impression 


parts. 

* Both the Borodin (whose 
viola and cello, as original 
members, played each quartet 
to the composer as it was 
written) and the Fitzwilliam, 
who knew Shostakovich in his 
last years, play, as it were, with 
his imprimatur. For the Boro- 


phases were impeccably ob- conductor and not vice versa: 
served; and the celebrated were the evening's hall- proach to the Third Quartet, 
cadenza bridging Passacaglia marks. Shostakovich fre- quintessential middle-period 
. Finale was delivered as an quently succeeded in working Shostakovich, was to turn 
increasingly swift whiri of himself into a frenzy ofirrcle* such hard, concentrated light 
exactly-tuned double- vant flourishes, but they had on to the work’s own furrowed 
stoppings. n0 discernible effect on the brow that a dark shadow was 

These were just three in- course of the music. cast over their own character 

siancescfMullova’sall-perva- i L L _,i ti/t , u _. and performance. 

sive virtuosity. But equally JcvlCufllu MOlTlSOll . , 

evident, sadly, was her coi£ Interpretative .gloss was 

slrictcd emotional response to _ toned to mau-fimsh: strictly 

the power at her fingers' BorodiXl Ouartet 

command. For all the intrinsic mg double fugue, deceptively 

velvety beauty of her tonal tilZaDClR ttBIl cool understatement of 

quality her interpretation of Shostakovich's minutely indi- 

the Nocturne, for instance. At the end of the opening cat™ dynamic markings, even 
had a grey, impersonal aspect concert in their new series of an t . msisience on stubborn 
unsuiied to the music's in- the complete Shostakovich ugliness as one voice pushes 
tense introspection. A severe string quartets, the Borodin a 8 a ' nsl another in the laconic 
platform manner is perfectly Quartet were joined on stage °! aIlz and rough-carved ada- 
accepiablc, but in this case one by the ntzwilliam Quartet for B 10 - 
feels that hidden fires do not a rare performance of It is a provocative approach 
burn within. Shostakovich's Op 1 1 Two and one which challenges our 

Perhaps, though, it is unfair Pieces for String Octet. The understanding of the very 
10 Mullova by this four elder statesmen in there nature of Shostakovich's tones 

performance. For any attempt navy lounge suits, face to free of voice and there relationship 
by her to charge the sinuous with the four in midnight-blue one to another. In the brief 
melodics with a degree of velvet, made a nice sartorial simplicity of the First Quartet, 
passionate flexibility was emblem of the occasion and loo. so fine in its balance, so 
doomed lo be thwarted by its place in performing histo- fragile in its tempo shifts, the 
Maxim Shostakovich’s unre- ry. Borodin indicated something' 


that the LSO was guiding its din the responsibility, it 
conductor and not vice versa: seems, lies heavy. Their ap- 


cadenza bridging Passacaglia 
and Finale was delivered as an 


. i .* c. • - ui3tuvwi luiaa ruiu^ijvn d mm 

Here and in the first sane. mXs - n Scmiramidc. It is 
toe are treated ^ certainly a fine singing voice. 


marks. Shostakovich fre- 
quently succeeded in working 


an early 19 th-century steam- 
ship model puffing its way 

across the stage, as the victon- 

bus Moor sails home to boast 


agile and even, but I find it 
lacks special personality. 

From the pit Brydon was 
inspiring his cast and orches- 


increasingiy swift whirl of himself into a fienzy ofirrcle* 
exactly-tuned double- V ant flourishes, but they had 


stoppings. 


no discernible effect on the 


There were just three in- course of the music. 


stances of Mullova’s all-perva- 
sive virtuosity. But equally 

• of his triumphs, rweCn the ^ enjo ^selves. The ^ her con- 

■ ijan courtand claim the hand cven bJi^terous. lhe P 0 ™* 31 .finger*' Borodlo Quartet 

ft of Desdemona. though Brydon remains the command. For allthe intrinsic ciizabeth Hall 

The setting is inspired by mode ] theatre conductor by y of ^ cr . ,ona J. 

the Venetian masts, mainsails his very discretion and rensi- , ,nte pK*iattoii of . 

and architectural motifs of hility to the stage. It k a ^ Nocturne, for instance. At the end of tin 
Rossini's lifetime, all of whidt pleasure to observe the flower- ,?r i ,® t £5 ey ( ' '^personal aspect concert in their nev 
aci as a platform for the ing of his career international- unsuiied to the musics in- the complete She 


Richard Morrison 


Rossini's lifetime, all of whidt 
act as a platform for the 


■dearly-drawn symmetry or jy ; and it would be an even 
Ponnelle’s stagecraft. The bnl- ^eatcr pleasure if this staging 
liant whiteness and simplicity were lo have a life beyond the 
ofihedfecor are, after all, only meagre nm of performances 
- reflection of the drama, m scheduled for Venice and 

a IU1W.H . r.j ^ . n in ^.Ih, 


or profound human teetmg- 
Only in the third act in 

which Rossini's 

dcnly reverts to Shakespeare 

aS y ihe composer himself 

^asts the sped of tragedy rathe 


festival standard: the King's. ; 
Edinburgh, would be the ideal 
theatre to house it. 


Andrew LIETK I ; Maxim Shostakovich 


calculated lo give a vivid 
mood-picture without threat- 
ening perception of individual 
pitches. 

Hilary Finch Details in tile Italian collec- 
tion were equally carefully 
considered. There was abun- 
. 1X . , n - - dam gaiety in Brendel's ba- 

Attrea orcndcl roque-flavoured double- 

Festival Hall dotting in the “Canzonefta del 

■ Salvator Rosa”, for example, 

„ * while the pensive, worid-wea- 

Despite the torrent of cough- ^ atmosphere of “11 pen- 
ing that accompanied him seroso” was captured perfectly 
(when will audiences heed this by his enigmatically doleful 
tediously ..recurrent com- singing tone, and he conjured 
plaint?) Alfred Brcndei com- an aromatic exoticism in ; 
mem orated the centenary of “Sposalizio". It was a pleasant 
Liszt's death with a typically surprise to hear the sprawling 
superlative recite! consisting - A prts Une Lecture de 
of the first and sccoikL or Dame" hold together so welt 
Swiss and Italian, Annies de l00> with no trace of panic tn 
petennage. True.' you might jts formidable dosing pages, 
have been able lo criticize him But what impressed above all 
for not sticking to the tetter of ^ that both cydes, for all 



Bill Fraser 
James Grout 
Patricia Hayes 
Brian Murphy 
Patricia Routledge 
Patsy Rowlands 
Prunella Scales 
Elizabeth Spriggs 
Timothy West 


the text in places. He took 
liberties in the very owning 
bars of the first piece in the 


their variety, really seemed 
like cycles, each a continuous 
stream of reflections upon 


the Nocturne, for instance. At the end of the opening 
had a grey, impersonal aspect concert in their new series of 
unsuited lo the music's in- lhe complete Shostakovich 
tense introspection. A severe string quartets, the Borodin 


doomed lo be thwarted by 


Borodin indicated something' 

ii . . 


Swiss collection, “Chapelle de external stimuli. How better 

GuillaumeTdl , for example, to illustrate the Romantic 

balancing the texture firmly in ideal? 

the favour of his right hand c**«k*- p ! 

and allowing chords to fever- ol£pu6D x 6 tilt l i 

berate through rests. But in ‘ 

face of the searching poetic . 

conviction with which he j( A “, A - . . . 

played both this and the rest of Allu AlDllgllty CnM 

the cycle any such teriintcal me with His little 

anjumenls an: rendered „m»- and sjjijJ. "Write fo 

He weaves bis spells not theatre — mind we! 

least through the array of only for the theatre 
colours he can command. . * _ , . , 

Even in something as appar- And 1 have Obeyed 
entiy innocuous as the quiet f]| e supreme 
rippling accompaniment in *7 - . 

“Au Lacde WaltehstadT each COmmaiML 

note was invested with infinite Puccini 

care, while the pedalling and M 

weighting of the stormy dou- Wmhrfs Theatre pm Fd 

blc octaves in “Qrage was J J 


ir j- R. Priestley 
Directed by Ronald Eyre 

1 Previews from Tbmonw] 

O Whitehall Theatre, swi 
B« Office: 01-9307765 
CC 01*379 656516433 ' 


‘And Almighty God touched 
me with His little finger 
and said: “Write for the ~ a m 
theatre — mind well, 
only for the theatre ? - 
And I have obeyed MjjlllllJ 
the supreme 
command.* ^ 

Puccini. 













26 




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Hanson Trust 
Price/Eamings 
Ratio 


F M 

Source: Finanda! Times Data. 


The reason for Hanson Trust’s ever-growing 
appetite is clean Over the last twelve months, its price/ 
Cctmings ratio has come down with a bump. 

Yet Hanson’s current share price still reflects a 

higher than that justified by the industries in 
which it operates. 


As the Guardian put it: “Rightly or wrongly 
Hanson Trust is perceived by the financial markets 

tobe pedaUedhard to st °P 


. ^ercfor^ oniy if Hanson’s growth rate can be 
mamtainedis it likely that the erosion of its premium 

rating can be arrested. 

^In the absence of adequate organic growth, 
growth through acquisition is the only answer: Again. 

But is the City beginning to have its doubts? 


Cer tainly Hansons share price is no evider 
market confidence: since January 1985, Hanson 

SnJlIPC nourv i in /I ^ J i.1_ _ rvr> * «« _ 


Has Hanson’s 
price/earnings ratio 
simply climbed down? 
Or could it be over 
the hill? 


BsarUHUUgaa 


have delegated deuHed supervision of this advertisenKnO^e^tti ^ Group plcio shareholders dated 16th Janaary aodi3th fttoraary 1986, "Die cfirectors bfl , ' - ' 

r- y ^staled and opim(ra express^ a* 


W: 





V ^ Hyj& 





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TUESDAY FEBRUARY 25 1986 


iMl 



FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


STOCK MARKET 

FT 30 Share ! 

1275^ (+192) 

FT-SE10Q 

1532.8 (+14.8) 

USM (Datastream) 
115.6/ (+122) 

THE POUND 

US dollar 

1j4612(+1^1) 

W German malic 

3.3433 

Trade-weftrfited 

74.9 (+0.4) 

Saatchi in 
US deal 

Saatchi and Saatchi, the fast 
growing advertising group, is 
raying Dancer Fitzgerald 


Strong pound and rate cut 
hope send shares soaring 


The pound and share prices 
rose strongly yesterday, de- 
spite renewed oil price weak- 
ness. Money market interest 
rates edged down and City 
dealers expea a reduction in 
base rates close to the Budget 
next momtL 

The pound’s average value. 


By Darid Smith, Economics Correspondent 

toe reports ironi the American interest rates, .either around Budget Day, March 
nation of British In- through a reduction in the ]&. before sanctioning a base 
and the London Bust- budget deficit or a weaker rate cut Lower base rales have 


Confederation of British In- 
dustry and the London Busi- 
ness School, They said that 
industry generally, and ex- 
ports in particular, wiO benefit 
from the sharp fall Ln world oil 
prices. 

Sterling appears to have 


performance for the economy. 
Foreign exchange dealers be- 


frequently been used as a 
Budget sweetener in recent 


lieve that the dollar’s foil has years. Threc-ntonth interbank 
gathered a momentum which rate fell ft point to 
shows no sign, as yet, of per cent yesterday. . 


fora ntinimnm 

(£51 million). 


The purchase is being made, ® .100 shoe index rose 15 
< Dorland, a UK subsidiary P 0 ™ 5 10 15 ^ 3 - . .... 

SaatehLThe combination Stares, were also helped by 


erf Saatchi The combination snares «« aisc 

of the two will create a new 

international network to be . 

called DFS Dorland world- V lf|| 

wide. DFS Dorland will be the 
sixteenth largest advertising 

agency in the world. con 

McAlpme up By David Yi 

Alfred McAlpme, fonneriy Eneijgy Cones] 
Marchuiel, tbe buildi ng Britain’s opposition to co- 
“sj? p™** Profits to operating with the Oiganiza- 
tiem of Petroleum Exporting 
October 31, up from £22,64 Countries to control oil output 
Turnover unproved and world free market pnees 
from £340 tmllion to £393 appears to have been finally 
mdhonandthe firm! dividend accepted by the oil producers' 
is rased from 7.5p to 8.7p, cartdyKtaday. 
maJaug lZ5p for the foil year. Opetfs attitude to Britain’s 
Js»fas, page 19 refusal to co-operate on out- 
t* i • oat control las also been. 

ackers use I tempered by Saudi Arabia’s 

Vkken, the Rolls-Royce t&AJSS 


measured by the sterling in- acquired some immunity to 
dex, rose 0.4 to 74.9, con tin u- news of lower oil prices. It 
tag its recovery from the held steady against the Euro- 
wimer lows. Most of this was pean currencies and rose 
due to sterling’s strength against the dollar yesterday 
against a shaky dollar. The despite a drop to below $14 a 
pound gained 1-8 cents to barrel in the price of Brent 
J 1. 4635. - crude for March delivery. 

Its rise, and the prospect of The dollar now appears to 

lower base rates helped shares, be the main victim ofiower oil 

Sample, one of America’s 1 s*™* 3 ® Rains across the prices, mainly because of mar- 
Jaroest advertising | board The FT 30-share index ket concern over the exposure 

fora minfmnm of>75 million I rose 19.2 points to a record of the US banking system to 

dose of 12752. The witter FT- the domestic energy sector 
5E 100 share index rose IS and oil producing economies, 
points to 1533. In addition, there remain 

Stares were also helped by market expectations of lower 


I dex, rose 0.4 to 74.9, con tin u- 
| mg its recovery from the 
winter lows. Most of this was 
due to starling's strength 
against a shaky dollar. The 
pound gained 1-8 cents to 
$1.4635. 

Its rise, and the prospect of 
lower base rates helped shares. 


abating. 

One change is that tbe 
mark, rather than the yen, has 
become the main beneficiary 
of dollar weakness. This is 
mainly because of statements 
from the ' Bank of Japan in- 
tended to limit the yen's rise 
against the dollar. Yesterday, 
the mark rose more than a 
pfennig to 2.28 against the 
dollar. 

With the pressure off the 
pound, money market dealers 
see scope for lower base rales, 
although most believe the 
Chancellor will wait until 


Opec retreats on output 
control battle with UK 




u;. !, £ . i 

•5/ r \ . V • *-] 

V ' 


Vickers rise 


Motors com; 
its from £30.1 


; lifted 
Uionto 


•HHUUIJWV.OUUUJUU ~;i ; c,n 

million before tax in the year 
to December 31. Turnover 

was up from £529 million to L?& 

£611 million and the total 

up. leupos, page 19 mo di#y the hard line it has 

Roricfrm) loll token against Britain and may 

UvllblUIU ldu once again cut its own output 

Pretax profits at S& to help fellow Opec members. 
WBerisfotd, the commodity Prices for North Sea Brent 
trader. feQ from £80.2 million “tide foil to nearly $13 a 
to £52.9 million farthe year to barrel yesterday in some early 
September 3d on tnrnover up dealing; butiaterdimbed bade 
from £5.70 baiionfio £729 to $14.50. 
billion. it also appears that Opec 

Tempos, page 19 has abandoned attempts to 

Tilbury stake rn tnnanv 

Tilburg Group has in- 
creased its stake in West's j- 
Group to 21.55 per cent with Tft I 60D6H 
the purchase of a further * 

theatre 



dividend is raised from lOpto 
I3p. Tempos, page 19 

Berisford fall 

Pretax profits at $& 
WBerisfotd, the commodity 
trader, fen from £80.2 million 
to £5X9 mifiibn for the year to 
September 30, on turnover up 
from £5.70 bfflionfio £729 
billion. 

Tempss, page 19 

Tilbury stake 

Tilbury Group has in- 
creased its stake in West's 
Group to 21.55 per cent with 
the purchase of a further 
400.000 shares at 1 17p. 

Lifeline link 

Tunstall Telecom Group 
and Boots have announced a 
joint marketing programme 
for Tunstall Lifeline. 
T unstalTs new emergency 
communications service for 
the elderly and disabled. 

Shares deal 

Morgan Grenfell, deemed 
to be acting in concert with the 
Rank Organisation, has 
bought 3.1 million Granada 
shares at 292Ap a stare. Rank 
and those acting in concert 
now own 12.55 million Gra- 
nada shares, about 5.2 per cent 
of the issued capital 

Cash deadline 

Coats Patons shareholders 
are being told that acceptances 
of the cash alternative for the 
merger with Vaniona Viyella 
must be received by 3pm on 
March 10. If the recommend- 
ed offer on behalf of Vantona 
is then unconditional as to 
acceptances, the cash alterna- 
tive will not be extended. 

BSC sale 

British Steel Corporation 
and Davy Corporation have 
readied agreement in princi- 
ple under which the 

Disfingion engineering con- 
tracting business at 
Workington, Cumbria — part 
of the forges, foundries and 
engineering group of BSC 
Holdings— wifl be acquired by 
Davy for about £13 million. 

Rand rises 

The rand rose to 5CL25 US I 


Peter Walker: no change in 
government policy 

persuade Britain to change its 
policy on oil production and 
co-operate with the mainly 
Middle Eastern producers to 
control output mid therefore 
prices. 


ministerial meeting to resolve 
output quotas in toe cartel. 

In the past, Opec has at- 
tempted to persuade non- 
member producers to co- 
operate on pricing and output 
policies by sending higb-levd 
delegations.!! has now decid- 
ed to invite oil ministers from 
non-member countries to 
come to its ministerial ses- 
sion, but has left Britain off 
the invitation list 

A US T«.«U «®*1 «W 
Seaor Herzog requested the 
met most Opec oH ministers roUowingthe dramat- 

mdividually over the past ax SlSSo^^by Prtsideiit 

!5SSsA ?£££*£; wsgSridTr ffirfdfoat 

debt to ‘Sts capacity to pay.* 1 
°P ro the ml companies in- Bankera fearttat Mexico's 
votveo. Inc reasingly militan t position 

The view now emerging will result soon in a unilateral 
within Opec is that an at- action to Knit debt repay- 
tempts to make Britain and, to marts to a fraction of export 
a lesser extent, Norway scape- ra rafo gB 
goats for the organization's The Lathi American group 
problems have foiled and of debtor nations known as tire 
attention will be switched to Cartagena group is scheduled 
other oil producers such as to meet this week in Uruguay 
Mexico, Oman and Egypt, to adopt a common approach 
which could be offered Opec to the region's $350 bSBon 
membership. debt which bankers fear could 

lead to a new confrontation 

1 1- • _ _ with creditors. At the very 

r$Hlt"niCP least, the Cartagena gronp is 
CE-MB.W-l.l.J.iJV' experted to ask for Mg conces- 
m/xa / stans from banks, 

w va %||UA| Bat despite concerns over 

/|f the worsening debt crisis, tbe 

* US^ Treasury continues to take 

Iixfostrial Editor ahardlhKapproadiiiidisaW' 

stans wifo Mexico, officiate 
ways for franchisee opinion to said. A Treasury spokesman 
be reflected within the assoria- said yesterday that it was 
tioo. Practical ways is which untrue that the Reagan admin- 
franchisees could become in- istratfon was assembling a 
voived are being discussed. mnhHdmon doAUr package of 
It is also launching a service new loans for Mexico n Che 
to help companies contem- hope that the nation would 
plating the franchising route accept more money instead of 
to growth. For a foe, it offers interest rate refief, 
advice and counselling. A top Treasury official said 

• •• • - — - the Reagan Administration 

.* - intended to continne to de- 

fB§' | p .fc, mand that Mexico take hrter- 

nal economic reforms as a 
J W. ■ condition of additional finan- 

M . • MMh dal support from Weston 
JawS - Sa governments and banks. 

Mexican officials bare 
jet to produce either a formal 
yWl estimate of their fin a n cial 
needs in the wake of the 
collapse of oil prices or a 
programme of economic re- 
form which wfQ require addi- j 
tional austerity measures. 

Indeed, President de la Ma- 
drid indicated in bis speech 
oaFriday that Mexico had 
gone as for as it would go in 
Ian Neat calling for a taking austerity measures at 

dvfl servant for frandtising borne. 


Saudi Arabia has won baric- attention wifl be switched to 
ing from other Opec members other oil producers such as 
to call a meeting of non-Opec Mexico, Oman and Egypt, 
oil producers in Geneva next which could be offered Opec 
month after the emergency membership. 

Jobs in franchise 
sector up 50% 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 
JobS in franchised business- ways for franchisee opinkra lo 


By Lawrence Uw Jobs in franchised busmess- 

West End theatre received a es rose by a half last year to 
boost from an unexpected about 1 10,000, while turnover 
quarter yesterday with the in the sector jumped by three 


launch of a Business Expan- | quarters to £1.75 billiou. 


sion Scheme company which It now looks likely that 
will purchase and re-open the franchising will reach an an- 
Theatre. mial turnover of £5 billion by 


Playhouse Theatre. uual turnover of £5 billion by 

Playhouse Theatre Compa- 1990. 
ny is looking to raise £1.4 This was announced yester- 
milH on- It will refurbish the day by Mr Ian NeiQ of the 


theatre, which last 
ductions in 1951, 


sd pro- Pizza E 
put on who is 


ss franchise chain, 
new chairman of 


shows at other West End and the British Franchise Assoria- 
regional theatres. The span- tion. 

9 ».« » _ _ m «* . %r_!n j 4k. 


sons of the issue are Chancery 
Samrities. 

Tbe company is jwQjecting 
losses of £99,000 ana £85,000 
in its first two years to Januaiy 
1988, and a profit of £431,000 


Mr ‘Neill called for the 
appointment of a senior civil 
servant with direct responsi- 
bility for franchising now that 
the sector' was becoming in- 
creasingly important to the 


in the llrird year. The Play- ] commerce of the country. 


house Theatre will be re- 
opened in July 1987, although 
the company expects to begin 
trading tn the summer of this 


This was important to en- 
sure that the voice of franchis- 
ing was heard when relevant 
legislation was being consid- 


year with the staging of a West ercd, be said. 

End production. This will Tbe BFA is tbe trade body 


speed up tax relief on share 
subscriptions. 

The theatre is valued in the 
prospectus at £375.000. A 999- 


for companies which license 
their business formats to fran- .Ina^Heilk calling for a 
chisees, bnt it is now seeking civil servant for franchising 



sSfcSVi "s? ICX wins court appeal over tax aid 

Playhouse Theatres rroanc- * * 

tions, in return foT the issue erf IQ has won the latest round tions on aid to industry. the ethane supplied by the oil 

733,000 £1 shares to Mr Robin of fts legal battle with the Whether that aid is compat- companies. 

Gonshaw, chairman of the Government over what it ibte with the regulations under The court also rejected the 
company, and his fimily and claimed was unfek and unlaw- the Treaty of Rome is now a Government’s argument that 
as soci ates. 1 fill tax advantages given to its question for the EEC Com- ICI had no legal standing in 


ICI has won the latest round 
of its legal battle with the 
Government over what it 


company, and his fimily and claimed was unfair and unlaw- 
associates. 1 fill tax advantages given to its 

The share exchange reflects Q g company rivals, 
the feet that Mr Gon &baw’s The Court of Appeal in 
family company has incurred London yesterday ruled that 
professional fees and interest ja* concessions enjoyed by 
charg es , and it is disposing of Shell. ' Esso and BP on the 


tions on aid to industry. 

Whether that aid is compat- 
ible with the regulations under 
the Treaty of Rome is now a 
question for the EEC Com- 
missioners . 


cents in Jobannesourg, as.mu i 
rise above 50 cents smee tire I 
country's financial crisis i 
broke last July. The recovery 
was due to the weakness of the 
dollar and recent moves to 
reschedule South Africa** for- 
eign debt- 


BASE 

LENDING 

RATES 


an adjacent plot of land. 

Mr Gonshaw and associat- 
ed parties will also be invest- 
ing between £700,000 ami 
£800,000 Spectrum, page 10 


London yesterday ruled that The judges allowed lCTs 
tax concessions enjoyed by appeal against a High Court 
Shell Esso and BP on the ruling in favour of the Gov- 
supply of the gas mixture eminent, and dismissed the 
ethane ta their affiliated com- Government's cross-appeal 
ponies constituted a “grant against a decision that tbe 
akr* plant under the terms of Revenue acted unlawfully in 
EEC fair competition rcgula- the way lax was assessed on 


the case because it was not 
entitled to seek judicial review 
of the affairs of other taxpay- 
ers - Shell Esso and BP. 

After yesterday's judgment 
by Lord Oliver, Lord Justice 
Lloyd and Lord Justice 
Nourse, an ICI spokesman 
said: “We are absolutely de- 
lighted with the result. 


Morgan Grenfell explains bid role 


Morgan Grenfell yesterday 
spelled out the terms under 
which' it is baying shares in 
Distillers to further 


Guinness’s agreed £235 bfl-‘ Distillers shares at <tost 


lion takeover bid for the 


whisky group. 

This follows an interven- 
tion fry the Slock Exchange at 


By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

.Morgan Grenfell yesterday the purchases, giving rise to 
conceded that it had an option the same concern about a 
which allowed it to require possible breach of the 25 per 
Guinness to purchase the cent rule. 

ms shares at cost The Stock Exchange said 

because of the 25 per yesterday that it was tatting 
ile. this ootion could not the matter rest for the mo 


Bnt because of the 25 per 
'cent rata, this option could not 
cover purchases of more than 
£66 million worth of Distillers 


for a reference Of his new bid 
to the Monopolies and Merg- 
ers Commission. 

Mr Saunders said that the 
issue of production capacity 
needed to be understood and 


ABN — 

Adam & Company- 
BCCl — — 


Conso&fcdwf Cfds- 
ContmenSrt Tn*st_. 
Co-operative- Bank-. 
C. Hoare & Co-.- 
Lloyds Bank - 


-~12K% 

__12K% 

_12*% 

__12WI 

1M 


UUU i/7 ww i 4J — _ I»n ■ 

the request of Mr James shares. Morgan Grenfell is 
Guffivef’s Argyll snpermar- believed to have exceeded this 


Nat Westminster ...-.-- 

Royal Bask dJ Scotiand — 1&% 

7SB JS 4 ? 

Qhbank HA . .... , rv -^ 

t Bae ftnc- 


kets group, winch tas made a 
riiral £2J bilfion bid for 
DistiHers. . 

Atg^l was concenied tnai 
the purchases by Morgan 
Grenfell may have caused 
Guinness to breach the Stock 
Exchange rule that all compa; 


lord already. 

Both Guinness and Argyll 
were back in the market 
yesterday buying more shares 
in Distillers. 

Morgan Grenfell was also 
the subject of a complaint 
over its purchase of £360 
million worth of shares in 


UK. IHW«W tWH IW UK. . ... ... . A 

meat, since Hanson Trust’s J* “7 

rival bid for Imperial meant Ajn** S e S£Jt 

that the potential loss to UB l ° fi ven ^attention 

on ihepurchases was no more from the real issues . 
than £20 million. He said that the difference 

Both Guinness and Argyll in ownership of production 
are set to make renewed between an Argyli-Distillers 
representations to the Office combination and a Guinness- 
of Fair Trading over Distillers tie-up was only 23 ■ 
Guinness's fresh attempt to per cenU^Since the Argyll bid 
acquire Distillers. has been cleared and remains 


Mr Ernest Saunders, chief cleared, ft is hardly creditable 
executive of Guinness, said that an increase of 2, 3 percent 


w* 1 1 ^ Imperial Group on behalf of that the combined share of constitutes sufficient differ- 

I I approval before unaaT^jw United Biscuits. United Bis- Guinness and Distillers in ence in ownership of produo- 

I I -in ir»l/P€trnf?rtt Olmore I nail .. ■ * Um mhulnr nmHnrtinn nmadtv. FnctiAi 9M inifPctioatiiwi 


approv^ before unoa^Hg united Biscuits. United Bis- Guinness and Distillers in 
anmvestmeotqfmOTeti^^ indemn i6ed Morgan whisky production capacity, 

per cent of their net tangioie any losses on would not he sufficient cause 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 


An Exco dilemma for 
the Bank of England 


An analysis published yes* 
terday by the American Ex- 
press Bank suggests that the 
pound is at about the right 
level against the dollar but is 
szQl too high against the mark 
and French franc. 

The Amex Bank Review 
says an appropriate level for 
the pound against tbe dollar, 
based ou relative inflation 
rates, is $1.43. 

However, against the mark, 
tbe pound's correct purchas- 
ing power parity level is 
DM2.81, 18 per cent below 
yesterday’s level of DM3.34. 

Mexico 
seeks 
US talks 

From Bailey Morris 

Washington 

Seamr Jesus S3va Herzog, 
the Mexican finance minister, 
yesterday asked for an emer- 
gency meeting with Mr James 
Baker, the US Treasury Sec- 
retary, to discuss his coantry’s 
economic plight fofiowmg its 
decision to limit debt repay- 


The proposed merger between Mor- 
gan Grenfell and Exco International, 
for all the financial sense it appears to 
make, could still run into the 
immovable wall of Bank of England 
rules. 

The O'Brien rule, which came into 
existence in the late 1970$, limits the 
involvement of banks in money 
broking houses. The original limit 
was 5 percent, but this was raised to a 
maximum 10 per cent involvement 
in 1984 so that it did not accidentally 
prevent acquisitions or mergers 
which were otherwise perfectly 
acceptable. 

On the face of it. the Morgan 
Grenfell-Exco merger requires the 
Bank either to abolish the rule or 
make this merger an exception to it. 
The Bank was taking a hard line 
yesterday, however. “The rule was 
introduced primarily because tbe 
market wanted it,” a spokesman 
said— so abolition looks unlikely. 
The spokesman added ominously: 
“It is unlikely that the Bank can make 
an exception in particular cases.” 

Divesting Exco's money broking 
activities would bring a much re- 
duced company with about £350 
million in cash to tbe merchant bank. 
But apart from providing Morgan 
Grenfell with extra capital such a 
divestment would destroy much of 
the commercial logic of the merger. 

Morgan might try building some 
elaborate and remarkably high Chi- 
nese walls within the merged com- 
pany to sooth the Bank’s feelings. 
More likely it would abandon 
thoughts of Exco and seek other ways 
of expanding its capital base to the 
size needed to be a major player in 
international capital and securities 
markets. 


The other threat to the deal 
resistance by Tan Sri Khoo Teck Puat 
— the Singapore businessman who 
holds more than a quarter of Exco's 
shares — currently looks less dan- 
gerous. 

Exco fs holding a board meeting 
today which is likely to clarify Tan Sn 
Khoo’s position. He may indeed be 
intending to bid for Exco himself, but 
he must know that he would face the 
hostility of the whole board if he did 
so. If he does, he will have missed the 
opportunity to buy the company for 
much less than it will now cost. After 
all, he bought his Exco stake last year 
for about I90p compared to the 
present price of 240p. 

He may well choose the line of least 
resistance and take his profit, or he 
may choose to stay in the enlarged 
company with his holding diluted to 
around 1 1 per cent Morgan Grenfell 
and the Bank of England would be 
happy to have him along at that 
figure, but would be unhappy to see 
his holding much beyond that. 


One thing, though, is clear. If the 
deal does fill through there will be 
considerable disappointment in the 
stock market where the prospect of a 
merger and the chance to invest in 
the combined group was received 
with enthusiasm. 

The fit of business — Exco's 
broking and Far Eastern, interests 
allied with Morgan Grenfell's bank- 
ing strengths — makes sense, as does 
the prospect of extra capital for the 
bank. There is also a feeling that the 
deal would at last supply Exco with 
strong and imaginative leadership, 
which it seems to have lacked since 
John Gunn's resignation last year. 


SE acts to plug the leaks 


The Stock Exchange, as part of its 
preparations for the big bang on 
October 27, has turned its attention 
to the ever-ticklish subject of news 
management. It has issued a 
document outlining its proposed 
Company News Service which will 
make available on an electronic 
database all announcements by 
quoted companies. But it carries a 
nasty sting for tbe public relations 
fraternity, or at least for those of 
them who pride themselves on their 
skills at releasing information on a 
selective basis to what they hope 
will be their client's best advantage. 

It has long been a cardinal 
principle of the Stock Exchange that 
all material information about 
quoted companies should be avail- 
able to all interested parties simulta- 
neously. This has, however, been 
honoured more in the breach than 
the observance, particularly in the 
past year when those involved in 
hostile takeover bids have made use 
of almost any weapon 
that might aid their cause. The 
carefully planted news leak has 
become standard artillery 

In launching its new electronic 
service the Stock Exchange has 
taken the opportunity to crack down 
on this practice. 

Now, according to the CNS 
document, "precisely laid down 
procedures should be adopted and 
adhered to”. Companies are not to 


be allowed to plead that their PR 
acted on his own initiative, because 
the responsibility is being laid on 
the companies themselves “to retain 
absolute control of unpublished 
news at all times”. If there were 
persistent continuing breaches of the 
rules, the company would be asked 
“to review the appointment of the 
particular agent”. 

It is unclear what would happen if 
such a review resulted in the agent’s 
services nevertheless being retained. 
The Stock Exchange's ultimate 
sanction is to withdraw the 
company’s listing, but that is open 
to the objection that it is a crude 
and unwieldy punishment In 
today's rapidly changing climate, 
some companies might even retali- 
ate by suing tbe authorities. 

But neither side would wish to 
become involved in such an 
unseemly public brawl. Reputable 
companies will wish to be seen to be 
complying with the new guidelines. 
And that can only mean that some 
of the more adventurous PRs will 
have to rethink their tactics. The 
conspiracy of interest among cherts, 
PRs and, let us be frank, journalists, 
will make it difficult to stomp out 
the practice of leaking entirely. But 
if some of the worst excesses are 
curbed then it is possible that 
takeover bids and other contentious 
matters will be considered both 
more calmly and constructively. 


Tha aktmsement is not m invitation losiibtcrdic for at pvrduse any Shorts 
u-focfi can onh hr dcro rm [J* urrai conuaned m rfit PrOTpmw 




tie Sffiea/te l&mwr/m 

ibflcimi * ^ 


' tConpaiyNu I686159J 

OFFER FOR SUBSCRIPTION 

Under (be 

BUSINESS EXPANSION SCHEME 

Sponsored hv 

CHANCERY SECURITIES PLC 

(Licensed Dealer* in Secunties) 

of up to 1,400,000 Ordinary Shares of 50p each at £1 per Share 

Imestors m the Company are offered: 

★ Ownership of a major West End theatre - an important and substantial assec. The production 
policy is co feature nj^jor scats for limited runs prior to possible transfer* elsewhere in die West 
End. Suitable plays will be feroed for TV and video cassette distribution. 

★ Andrew Treagus, Chief Executive, v>fao has extensive experience of managing West End 
productions, including “A Chorus Line* “Daisy PulW It Off and “Starlight Express? 

★ Irivarorbenefics (for diote holding 2,500 shares cxmcre)bxduding priority ftrsrnighr 
bookings and the opportunity to attend fira night parries. 

★ Income^ fox re&rfofyp to 60%. ProviaonalBES tax approval has been obtained. 

★ Profits of about £425,000 before ox m the thini year, according to lllusrmnve profit 
pt^eaimsfvriudidonotcmstirraeapro&foraW). 

"k A substantial investment of over £l.4ra at pat by the Board and their assoriates- 

★ A 65% Icon facility which means appiuptOKinvesccasneed only pay initially 35% of their 

proposed investment. . . ■■■■■■ ■ 

tNmAL ALLOTMENTS I™" . . ^ "1 

BY TUESDAY ! To* Ch*ocery Seenntk* PLC, LI Nortrinpoo Strecx, London WC1N 2I*7W. I 

mh MARCH 1986 - I Telephone 01 J42 2563 I 

BUDGET DAY * pfcfla?>end me jenpveftht P a»pcc vs a*Thif PUvhti^ TlxaneConipam PIC J 

Subject tottoBvingriw | I 

MwnuaStfacr yao n.ihe . NaaK “” — — " r ■ ■ ' " ■ ■ ■ ■ — — J 

fan! dosmg dans wifl be I aaw ■ I 

tfhk A«nT law; " — — — I 


.tion lojastifr an investigation 
■ by tbe MMC,” be said. 


3fth April 1986. bnvons can 

therefore derate in which tax 
warmer wish to seek BES 
reWf 




L TrWinno _____ _ 

.. T 25/8 1 






FINANCE AND INDUSTRY" 


WALL STREET- 


THE TIMES TUESDAY FEBRUARY 25 V m 


FOREIGN EXCHANGES 


COMMODITIES 


New Yftrk (Renter) — The 
stack market was lifted sharp* 
ly st nadses&fcm os Friday by 
Ggnres-related boy pro- 
grammes, cheaper o9 and 
tower interest rates, according 
to traders. 

Advancing shares led de- 
clining issues by a better than 
two-to-one margin, as the 
expiry of fatnres contracts 
boosted trading. 


The Dow Jones industrial 
average, which rose 13.76 
points to 168658 around mid- 
afternoon, dosed at 1597.71, 
up 2459. 

ATT led the actives,up h at 

22 J «. 

The American Stock Ex- 
change prices dosed higher in 
eariyictive trading. The Amex 
market value index rose 1.13 
to 24750. 


STERLING SPOT Alto FORWARD RATES 


Fee fm 

21 20 


Feb Feb 


.- I - i 


The pound spent most of the 
day recouping sharp overnight 
losses- against the dollar and 
the long-term future of the 
dollar looks bearish. Sterling 
closed more than half a cent 
down at 1.4451 (1.4517). 


DOLLAR SPOT RATES 





ilfj; J^r] 


'rmrr 





1 


M7lfi (tty's 


MONEY MARKETS AND GOLD. : 


EURO MONEY DEPOSITS % 


Dtaouit Market Li»ee% 

O^^LO.,0 

TVswwy BOta (Discount 

83* 12% IwS ia> n 

3mfflh 12 % Smnth 12 


7 days 7»w7"- 
3 months 


7 days 

SmarntBi 1 !*^ 
Franck Franc 
7 days 9*-B 
3nwnlhs14%-14!t 
Sirin Franc 
7 days 9%-*% 
3montfts3 lt, w-3 a w 
Van 

7 days 0*«-6 , ia 
3 months B-K4 


cal B*-7% 

1 mandi 7 ? B 
6montt»8-7% 
cal &4 

1 month 4*«>-4 7 i« 
fimonths+'W’w 
cafl 104 

1 monfti 1594-12% 
6 months 13ft- 13X 
cal Ift-ft 

1 month 3*/ ,s » 

6 monttw4-a ft 

cal 64 

1 month 6ft-6T4 
6monffl*S u / l| ia 





m 


OTHER STERLING RATES 


aa 


)' ■ 



Hong Kong coax _ 

Manmaa _ 

traq tfinar 

KiMdtdnsrKD __ 

Malaysia doBar 

Mexico peso ____ 
New Zealand doRar , 
Saudi Arabia nyW _ 

Singapore dollar 

South Africa rand _ 
U AErirtvam 


0341094450 

19227.4-183414 

0.74-0.75 

_ 7.4485-7.5296 
_ 203.75-205.75 
_ 11477-11590 
i7j5-ir3s 

_ 04070041% 
__ aswmsTsa 

640-600 

2.7325-2.7422. 

55375-55775 

__ 30789-3.0854 
_ 24838-25078 
55665-55065 


— 

5e** — , 

Nov 

Jan — - 
Much — 
Vot 

50YASE 
Feb — 
Afrt — 


Th ra a M offas. 2645049000 


crt7 




Cant not dban OlS^om. 


3W 


B.DB 

TftW) Months. 4KLCTU17 J0 

NR 


cash 77nnMmno 

Thraa Months. SQ&OQ-SD&S? 






■'INVESTMENT TRUSTS 


Fixed Rata Staffing Export Finance 
Schema IV Average ra fa ren c a rata for 
inswanH period January 6. 1988 t) 
February 4, 1986 rtc te h m : 13.077 par 
cant 


Hot) Uw Gcmpwiy 


a* TO 
M» Ctfga peon « P/E 


dhr . TO 
Wee Ofgx panca « M 


3J?x 07 
162 &6 
77 4.1 

S OI 
t as 
ear ns 
5.0 u 
IS 23 
84 3-0 
z a is 
U £0 
IBr 1.1 
113r 44 
1Z9r 44 
87 73 

13 14 
145 48 
124 45 
14 14 
34 3-1 
57 .14 
44 38 

34 3 0 
34 £4 
10 
24 


m 


m 


FINANCIAL TRUSTS 




THE TIMES UNIT TRUST INFORMATION SERVICE 


im eai j 


BU Oner Chng TO 


- 


»d OMr Chng TO 


BRITAMMUMTTnUST 

74-78 FMatwy Paramant London ECZA UD 

01488 3777 0*8*1041438 047S/9 MOMyOuHM 

06004)10-333 

Growffi GK 56-2 *57.1 *03 065 

MU Racovwy e&5 1015 *04 220 

SnaMrCo's 1254 1343* *20 157 

UK amns 355 376 *04 208 

Extra Me 560 597* *10 7.61 

G8t 255 260 ->BS 7.86 

he 8 Grown IBS 4 197.0 *34 444 

NX mpl rnc 1813 1965 +63 449 

PrXSnara* 164 194* *01100* 

Comxxfty 1267 1374 -04 200 

Fhmdal Sacs *05 *32 *02 236 

QOMBGXI 196 21.1 *18 2.S8 

n LeanKB 154 165 *04 071 

Prop Shore* 544 56.1 e +14 1.47 

Unrt Envoy 390 424* -1.7 042 

MOIM Tool 436 465 0.67 

Amor (Mil 954 1022c +02 326 

Amur hear* 563 607 -02 541 

Amer Srafl* CO'S 237 2x3 -01 106 

Mat Gmssm 644 69.1 -10 0S1 

Em SnM 130 134 . . 042 

Fur fum 36.* 384 -09 123 

Hona Kan M 23.6 2S2* -06 370 

Ml (W 31.7 334 -02 209 

Japan Pert 44.1 470* -06 .. 

Japan SraAxr 132 1*1 +02 

Exempt 734 704 *14 342 

Exempt Martel 6*7 67.7 . . 4.14 

mOWNSHPLEY 
9-17. Perramdurt Rc 
044* 40144 
BS FUM tacana 
Do Accum 
FtaBMCaJ 
Growm Accan 
Oa tacana 
! Kjpi tacana 
tacana 

Natfi Amarlcan 
Oram 
Recovery 
Techndooy 
Qanwi 


Rd. Haywards Henm 

642 56M *0 
S84 972n +1 
1104 1187« *0 

1712 1832 *4 

1104 1162 +2 

59.1 636c *1 

665 740 +2 

57.1 614 +0 

694 6*4 +0 

32.1 344 +1 

1334 1434 -2 

300 320 -0 


BU Otar Omg TO) 


EMILE STAR UWTTIIUSTMIMaBtS 

ftm HradL Qimea tra n. Ooucratar SL53 7U3 - 

02*2 521311 

UKBXmeodhe 604 6*5 .. 110 

tfc Aocue 00.3 0*4 .. 310 

UK Quwft Aacm 663 080 . . 140 

ll-Y tac tac 504 027 .. 648 

NAnflcM/Un BUI 66.1 .. 14* 

Fkr Eastern Acorn fiS3 625 .. RM 

Etxnpoan Accan 86.0 094 . . 120 

UK Gx A R tac 465 525 .. 647 

Od Accan 494 S25 .. 647 

EQUrTABLEiUm Anna I BA I1CN 
35. Fannin St. Mm cti— r 
091-236 5960 

EnMM Pencm 964 727 ., 341 

Map tacane Tmt 05.1 694 -. 543 

GK & Bxad Ire 465 62M .. 117 

Tat ortav Than 560 028a .. ub 

Spoctai SB* Trust 062 73.7 . . 256 

NOT Amor Tran 529 564 .. 150 

Fx Emm Trust 862 6U .. 080 

BXBTT6UW 

a^Qeapo Hea Ga pan B u n 9 l Cma»y CV1 
0203 553231 

UK GrawOi Accan 13*2 1427 . . 340 

Do tacana 1111 1254 .. 349 

HtaMrhcAcaai 211.12244 .. 5.11 

Do taeara 1725 mac .. S .11 

nn/RxU Accun ^5 98.4 c .. 264 

Ootaopoe 61.1 854c .. 244 

NtaArrarTW Aecuei 1317 1411 .. 022 

Fkr East T» Accun 1072 1144 . . 075 

Euro Tar Accun 1304 1384 . . 141 

General Trust 2114 2214 .. 342 


Bd Oner crag to 


LK Spaatf'Otfa TUTTST* +17 226 

areuMtaMMasis 

no^Bwwnfle. EC3P 30N 

OR « Pad tat 1154 12050 *24 153 

Growta EqidR 1904 935 *44 220 

OumM *62 111 - 

N Arrartran 13*2 1425 +15 2M 

PndBc 1560 165.1 mi 049 

Piuparqr Shan 2135 ZXAm *14 140 

C iWarCospiri— 1064 1674 *17 147 

Banpean Irint 1952 2977 .. 049 


aa a am crag to 


Ski OHer CMg TO 


BU CBm Chap TO 



The Stack Exchange 14X001 EC2P 2JT 
01-586 2066 


-Oanarel tac 1 
Do Accun 
tacana Raid 
Do Accun 
tad tac (3) 

Do Accun 
Smalar tac C 
Do Accun 


1804 1684 +14 365 

294 4 3097 +3 0 385 

895 647 +32*53 

1544 1825 +53 453 

1102 1161a -11 246 
1*55 1562a +14 245 
937410050 +144 277 

990210912 +15.6 677 


CS ROD HAMMERS 

125. High Hcmorn. London nciv 6PY 

01-2*2 1148 

CS Japan Raid 564 632 +14 044 

CANNON ran HUUMOBI* 

wi-SETS i** WM ’ > w- ow 

Otawnn 2S55 2714 +44 323 

taewra 362 3103 +6.0 A 79 

Par East i*04 1462 -02 009 

North American 1345 1432 -04 043 

CAPS. (JAME8) MANAGEMENT 
100. Ota »oaa SL London EC3V IRQ 
01-621 0011 

CnM m 3204 3376 +U 1.94 

Incan (3) Zffl.0 2M1 +7.1 504 

North Amorim 257.7 Z714 +2.1 1.40 

CATBI ALLEN 

1. Ktag man St ECS4N 7AU 
01-623 831* 

OH that 972 10351 *1411.73 

CENTRAL BOARD OF riAN CE OF 
CHURCH OF BN 
77 Loom WAX E£2 1DB 
01-598 1815 




77. LOKtan WML London ECM IDS 

m-aas 1015 


m 


Narrow ptatn, EHxani BS2 Ojh 
0278 277719 

General Equry 3*4 385 *17 

Equtar fcttXB# 383 38.70 *84 

at Fmri W 001 204 26* *05 

tadm SooaMac 216 25.1 *04 

COUNTY BANK IMTOKISTS 
101. ChexMdai London BC2V BELT 
01-720 1999 


POjkK 4*2. 32 StUxyMria. London EC3P3AJ 
01-023 8333 

W) taocBM 465 5111 *05 548 

N Amor Tnuat 1124 1204 -14 042 

RatowvY 166.1 1794 +25 251 

GB TrtMt 365 3051 +17 ®4» 

g Vincent tac _ 752 7741 +14 60S 

61 VtaOM 1)6 OH 724 7671 *15 0.78 
Tempto BaranOV* utj w .. 345 

I t A MH H C M ■ AW WOTTRUST H N MKJ I 1 
tamtar ur Attain. 5. fta ytagf i Rd. Bwntnoal 

Q277 2179W 

Ita r u t ra a SMr Co'* 1074 11451 +65 126 
Mantaroe N Amu; 6S5 B97 -02 095 

{£KS&A FE 2M SI ~' A IU9 

Hwnbroa Scandwi 664 725 -OJ 158 
Hunhma Eunpara «4 904 - 1.1 141 

H vntxuo Caonoan 434 457 -05 1.75 

egrtraine 747 784 +17 446 

ritafxu* {ago nc 527 561 +1.1 549 

Hanaraa Rea Man 524 (HUH +ts 117 


NATIONAL PROWn gN TPIM EP WPtr 


46 Qncectaurtsn SL EC3P 3W 
01-623 4200 ExL 289 


m uk 

Do Aocoa 
NR Ovxaoaa 
Do Accun 
Far Eaat Acc 
Do DM 
Amort ca n Aoc 
Oo DM 


1826 1945 
2914 3108 
5061 5404c 
6177 8577c 
564 62.7m 
584 G271 
6*5 561 
544 577 




m 




m 


£ nz 


Capital Acerai 

iS MS 


2962 2724 
<14 4351 
1464 1642 
13*0 14251 
942 594 


Glfiniegy 942 594 

Growth braatanm 2554 Z722 
tacoan ft Oaowtti 367 6941 

JapnruM 6 PacUc 1067 1134 
WiAmtr Growth 604 1024 

MRaeonry 1012 10? 6s. 

Soxtor Col U25 IB* 11 

(SoW tag TO 618 548c 


*13 sin 
+14 545 
*25 240 
-0.1 151 
+*4 477 
+14 449 
*33 041 
+1.7 T.79 
+11 344 
♦00 251 
+12 439 


Crown UMriRuiraBnncES 

Ou* Home, Wotatafl GU21 1XW 
04802 91X13 

WtP tta gwa TM M 2245 +65 S.7D 

Growth That 2013 21581 +6.1 134 

Amman Inal 1228 1308 *12 077 

HW UNn-1RU6T MANAOSS 

mrspusr** ***** 

031-220 3432 

687 713 +08 443 

711 695 +14 244 


HOI 6AMUB. UHrm BWAH)WBI6 

46. RaeOh a. EESP 2LX 
01 -628 8011 

Bnriui Tum itana 4802 5214 .. 324 

CnM That Unfex 607 9651 .. 342 

Dorar TibM Unix 1774 1663 .. Ill 

Enwmta 1033 10951 .. ISO 

Fx tU Truvt 96.1 W23 .. 232 

FtaandU TYrar 3309 362.1 .. 241 

GlrFtaadtattaB 204 21lc . . M .08 

Do Grow* 3B4 4141 .. 334 

l+ghYl'Mlnat WtA SUJ ..376 

tacora That 713 764 .. 6.15 

kmrrariaaX 1074 11*51 .. 306 

Japan Tacta TO 304 3241 .. OM 

Hatua Hnmna 29* 313 ..243 

Seewfly Thai 167.7 1783 .. *21 

WvCoa 72.1 764 .. 170 

SpocWSta 665 62.11 .. 245 

gH—MAWBOBIt 

toramAmi am. London SW1H BAl 
01-422 1000 

BUI Ohara 1224 1294 *16 150 

m H01 tacora 54+ 673 .. 940 

a Socuej m 5*4 STM *03 240 

tavnmmf TO Fed 51+ 6*7 +02 350 


NOHWnCKBNKM 

PO B ox A, N orwich W« 3NG 

0503 822206 

Groxs Tam 0050 11451 

ta01YM 1115 1225 



I U F» 1 


lp'^1 





tad tacana IMN 
Oo Acnn 


13*5 143.1 
1904 2104 


■MHUNtr TRUST HA 
11 . DovoatatB Sq. I 
01-623 427a 
EoXy Etaanpl 
Dn Acaxn 

UK Uartui Fhatura 
Oo Ac a xn 
Japan Perinr mn icn 
Do Accun 
US axtial Fohxm 

Do Accun 
God s Proctaw MM 
Do Aceum 
US SpooU tac 
Do Accun 
Eimpaan Port tac 
Do Accun 


London BC2M AYR 


SCDTTW UFE MWBlMDdS 

iSi ty BbewS 1 ' 

031 2ES 2211 

UF.Bpby 162+ 1767 

Exopoan 167.1 200J2 

2SKSJT twl "**t“ 
SUM IP*”*"***" 

ss &f 


3684 374+ 
4411 4894 
603 6*3 
614 654 
935 897 
937 1004 
B2+ 063 
624 67.1 
404 444o 
414 411c 
547 5631 
964 6141 
BU 724c 
862 724c 


+84 271 
+104 271 
-02 2.16 
-03 216 
*15 114 
*0+ 114 
-11 04* 
-13 034 
-12 146 
-02 145 
-03 927 
-03 527 
+04 046 
*15 066 


20 . Fwxtach SL London ECS 
01-623 9000 

Amor GRM9 Me 018 05 

Do Accun 033 67 

Fund few TO tac 17.1 16 

Do Accun 215 23 

taoh TOW lac 1137 l5 

60 Aocon 1637 194 

M Raeovafy tac 074 82 

. Do Accum 61.1 96 


Jam Oarti Me 

Do Accun 654 705 

Smalar Oft tac . 194+ 1452 

Do Accun 174JS 1874 
UK EC Groom lee 253 204a 
D# Accun 41.0 4*1 > 

WtariOwda Tacn MB 266 42+1 
Do Accan 364 427 

Lie uNmRusr MAMADsnsrr 
g^r rage. GOPTO. AML EC2R 

taGone Foet 377.1 38*41 
wrarawn* | Ora 2162 2227i 

lgULamiMLUNrrTRun- 


01.9 0541 
033 0.11 

17.1 H£o 

&& 

'SlIZ 

61.1 960 
M7 713 
854 715 

194+ 1452 
1744 1674 


Eqxy amuem 2511 2675c 
Oa Awn 38TB LlUt 
Pc tac aaq 5*4 Stem 

|nmmaa 917 8341 

Fir Exxcem 012 s** 

p*. Tnm 714 734 

lu Manana 067 713 

Nwyx 453 465 

N Amancan Trou (95. 7491 

UK SpeoaLSn 9*4 367 


-IS 1.12 
-13 .. 
-65 274 

-a? .. 

+Z0 931 
+60 .. 
+60 170 
+04 .. 
-04 .. 
-04 .. 
+20 240 
+24 .. 
+03 140 
♦84 .. 

.. 043 
+62 .. 


jjLA M BT TRUa rMANanHMDtr 

WOO! SK«*io M. IMdmni KM* HEM 1XX 

flffiz 674751 

P”** 1 . 305 323 *14 241 

UA fensrrattxai 48+ 411 +11 107 

MLA \M UM ZZ3 MR 4UJT1 fflj 

MIA fewamn asy 3731 +Q5 535 

MLA Etaopoan £2 -ST +82 ££ 


+14 lie 

+24 174 
+L9 UB 
+041039 
-0+ 095 
-aa 056 
-17 042 
♦1.1 ITS 


SWaTw iftSSSi 

Qy.LW 821 E2S1 
tad Qrmtfi imu 10*7 1U3 
N Aoanom Unta 655 094 
Far Eaa .UMB 735 711 
a«ex Oa FuM 594 635 

IKNCAPUWr TRUST 

U^mraj-OttRaaradfllE, 


MOjCow r gw) manaoemltd 

»-MpByww a. Ec<R a& 


amt Orowta 923 964 -11 143 

*1 Mxxn Si 1 CC 2 -11 103 

Amr taoane 47+ mu 5IB 

Do Accun 464 514 +13 609 

European Grown 1062 1 |J 0 -13 1+0 

_ Oo Accun U81 1144 -04 1+6 

0««lll HOT 241.1c +64 2.19 

Do Accun 365.1 3083a +110 2 T9 

GB _ _ 817 025 +17 927 

Ml, Ftaad Accra, 615 904 +i {g 

■ww 7M . 775c +13 450 

Oajatm 766 sue + 1 + 459 

Wjmiraml 1094 2T23 -2+ 177 

DO Accue 2*13 9624 -64 127 

J4P» 107.1 1124a -22 002 

Do Acc un 1093 ii&ia ~ex 042 

Reconry 1663 1764 *62 231 

DO Acaan UttS 1982 +65 201 

EtaUnx that- 2084 71*44 *04 240 
Band! Aeon 3111 3274 a +U 2 250 

MPLAWBAM(GMm>lMTTRU3r 

^wccdHM. Stax SL Haul, SIW0NOS1 3RD 

CURN wane 73.0 774 250 

M Accun 905 105.1 250 

Gwtaxxxy i Gan 1092 11 M IW 


LUJTDBBWMtUMTIRUaT MANAGERS ■ 
«***■» DM GgngOyta*. Wonac g . nr 


Satanccd 
Do Accun 

Do Accun 
Em taoane 
Do Ascun 
Garaan Ox Ik 
Do acaan 
Income 
Do Aeon 
M Tech 
Bd Accun 
Japan Grown 
Do Accun 


1673 1711 
2S4 3155 
452 463a 
4&0 932 
1414 1517 
2*94 2163 
575 01.4 

ST5 01+ 

a§4 29*3 
<625 *9*4 
1663 I960 
154 1075 
52-1 81.7 
52.1 99.7 


Do Aceum 

R K7Su. 

EwnMihr 
Exctata Acaan 


-11 143 
-OI 163 
+64 549 
+03 649 

-oa 1+0 

-04 1+6 

+04 aio 
+116 216 
+17 627 
+14 127 
+14 440 
+1+ 450 
-2* 127 
-24 127 
•22 0.02 
-22 002 
+62 241 
+45 201 
♦64 240 
+02 250 


U K scar Cola Eq 1272 1353 
g nppnan IBIS 1053 

N Amoricxn 104.1 1107 

P»e*c 1174 12*7 

wqrnaHiMTTRUsr 

031-220 *372 

Padfc 414 434 

World Grown 31+ 334 

N American 332 35+ 

fnema FUM 402 43.14 

OOOmMWDOWI 

£2 SS ^a**orgh BtM SOU 

031-655 0000 

PM Eq tad 2093 222.7 

DO Attom 2384 254+ 


+6.1 242 
+67 13* 
-25 047 
464 072 


+4.1 249 
+2.1 047 
+27 220 
+12 100 
+07 142 
-1+ 1.70 


-0+ 140 
-04 100 
-11 133 
+14 52a 


+64 118 
+67 ITS 


jj^ajd.u—Bnyr.v 

Amu Tech 6 Gen 1063 1873 +14 110 

Pnohc - 1314 1474 -II 006 

S+Ctacm Fhd 1KL9 16304 +25 5.1B 
162+ 1902 +40 102 

B«vr * R— 2*3 204 +02 110 

Moman Ma|un U2 +02 250 

gS *- ral sr 

se;"— jboSss-.^s 

UK Gananl 284 207 +13 8.10 


Do Accuse 
Ears Man tac 
Do Accun 
Gar 6 Feud toe 
DD Accun 
HM Y«d 
do Acaan 


1912 1*13 
93 8 W3 

617 s*0 

616 54.1c 

617 84 3e 
1315 1495 
8265 2*16 
19*7 T660a 
2914 26044 


+02 747 
-02 2+7 

4+ 041 

i 

+24 52* 


UK PROVBBfT OT MANAGERS 

a “rixnr^Fi aw 

UK Equtar . 113.1 1194 +17. .. 

nctac Basta 106+ 1144 -34 . . 

N Amor 1155 122+ +04 .. 

VMMUARD TRUST 
5? WnaW BC1A 2EP 
01-236 3053 

tewX tac 1*7+ 17&ia +1.7 232 

..Do ACM 2*1.6 2571 +23 23* 

10S.1 1S74a +32 452 
fgtaN Sea 302 3S4a +04 20 * 

Tiralac 1174 1263 *1.7 S77 

Oo Acaan 1760 1870 +19 177 

Anxr ( Gan 5*9 515 -II 122 

JMarPuMo M £5444 5605 +122 342 

Abmgdon Rata Mta 987 1011 -13 *58 

yAHDtJEr UN IT TRUST WAMACeaS 

S^3 T 15K W ' 7 ' DemaitWe ty UM > a 83 

S?S5 , J*S9L 2*6 094 -03 100 

Fta EoM A <Sa 04 pa - 02 ;® 

y aq y 570 tvs +ao iao 

taeomeTOra 7i« 773 +10 5.® 

tapm Gnw ii 74.0 002 -00 020 

3mX Com puma 1187 129.7a +24 200 

Ty * W 3*4 384 -14 929 

41 j 4*2a -14 156 

UKJrrat 1250 1287 +«T.2» 

Eumpaaw arowtti . 43 1 4S4 +07 iM 

Mag Kong ■ 209 222e +17 100 

wmwBrurer taANAGana 1 

C31-2Z5 1651 

A n al r a O gi i Gua 173 1834 +02 0.15 

Erarfly 14.1 134 +07 020 

grata BN Ota 464 504 .800 

C*w» Mm am Si 024 idea +o* 620 
y^^U^TRUSTMANArwS '• 

Stand 06 FuM .605 015 +02 13* .4 

Quotations oa this page 
relate to Friday's trading- 

• 03c .dfrtmna: « dfvUand. f 
Opm Mock spCL s Ex sack spttt- ■ 




: 'Vu 


















































A.**. 




r-m 


Is &. 




^ IEMPIIR ~y 

Berisford gives out a 
. 5215 “® figures 

^SSShSSLE B^rfifS M iM*"™ *« 45. 4 p to 


j ™ times TUESDAY FE B RUARY ?s iopa 


company news 


-FINANC E AND INDUSTRY 


19 


i-* ^ 


[modity SETA®** Jng £200 minion of in«te mgs 
jg^^Pubfisiui^Uro^ is also off- 38%. 

'*»«?• - 3 ESJ 5 US Jajftsjw*- 


“ 2 L.C 


‘b ; 


SrswasRa: 




•*** 


possible that the ™"ipany claims not 

Jjeby reflects difficulties whb about its balance 

^ySSS?’ ? picer * PcgJer. S^S““J ^Imd ^Iks with 
prelimSarv ^Pf^'es, mcJudhjg 

figures were unaudited, and Sh! 5 *^ ■ ^hidings, about 
ibe company warns that ^? 8 Bntish Sugar. 

Woen it Wnu - “r* loai and th* — 


i-i 





-^company warns that 
wbcn it . does appear the w; -j ?“* toe maintained 
repwt may be qualified. nT ^dead added lOp io ihc 

Jfito.sh^oiders^ouW fig* tofcSg 

judgement * t to ^p. Unnl an offer 

c racial question is S52S!? ? r *** audil report 
**«ber Berisford has pro- S^HS howcver » sentiment ’ 
^enough money “cow to be the mS, 

gi-— hSiifisr ~ 

Ycstaday it revealed a _ C ^ ers 

EM£ 2 .«' %£ 

= 5 M*M sShsTSS 


SS§ a ” } li h * pro- 
82? taiceon the obfiga- 
International S 

I B# 2 ^ I t^A not »* UP- 

J *™ 1 would have farcer 

tosses to cover. In addition to 

“open position of 7,660 
totmes. worth £62 million at 

££HT B # m Price, it has 
»nt£15 nulhon to the buffer 
stock manager. 

iJJSJS? " slureholders 
toaraed that a further £19 
umBkmi had been provided 
against the Erianger Tubular 

bmoro which was sold two 
[ years ago. 

The consideration for Er- 

UlPW tunc Tn £. 5 


v ITZ; /esieraay 

victes produced its figures 

Sj/SL 3 *^ to DecembS^ 
and they were audited. What 
^results were 
2 ® BU g*t wall profits U p 
finm £30.8 million to £45 1 
million before tax. 

is the second 

s^^ave good year, and the. 

market was quick to adjust to 

the news with a 3Sp lift in the 

“»e pnee to 403p. Now 
Vickers laces the problem of 
seqang up the momentum. 

there is farther 
^ope m some of its existing 
business, notably RoUs- 
Koyce cars and the medical 
manne and office equipment 

division C Vir^TOMi 


--w wuaiuciduofl ior tr- j- - m ^ oiuipmeni 
danger was in the form of a . v,ckers is increas- 

^°missory note which was to Poking to acquisitions 

be repaid by sellin g gt/va- tor growth. Last yeart pur- 
^srimaies of the value of that « as ^- pn ^? ah *y contributed 
stock have proved wildly S. m .S oa k ^” 15 interest, but 
ovcroptimistic, thus the ■ simnW be more 


.V IAUVCU WlKJiV ,L. _xi -~vii,iuuii ra i om 

ssasr*' ‘ h “ ti,e 

Above the line the figures „ With a stronger share price 
y ere . . lUso down to ifper 

tosappomting.Pretax profits. SP 1 * Cetera can afibid for- 
were down from £802 mil- !S^3 p ? n ? on * and it is 
hon to £52.9 milKon despite a P ar ^ ar ly keen to increase 
maiden contribution^ £7 °y«seas sales, already — 
million from NGL the new “mg at 60 per cent. 


run- 


■•‘.'■shsij. 



i . vwuuiLniUULl or t / 

minion from NGI, the new “?§,?, “at 
American acquisition, and £4 . Whlie me market may be 

I million profit on the sale of lcecn L to *“ *** quality of the 
property- purchase before completing 

Berisfmd made losses on 5 e /P^tmg, these results 
sugar and tea trading, and S°SJ. be / no, «*» to sustain 
cocoa profits were wen down. confidnce fiw some time. 

SttaSftB McAlpIne 

coffee was of Some .JESEZZ**,, *«*- 

i ftt^aps most worrying was «®* r Alfred 

a £13 milKon increase in the ni^STiSi filB- y ear figures 


COMMODITIES REVIEW 


HMiapse OI the rand 

knocked almost £1.75 million 
2 « JJe contribution from 
South Africa, but the 
company s timely withdrawal 
from that troubled country — 

^issa^a 

rairaordmary profit on dis- 
Poal of about £15 mUh onT 
the company is losing no 
“me in remvesting these 
Proceeds in its chosen area 
lor excision, the United 
atai«. The minerals division 
w add to its 
Alabaman interests m sand 
and gravel with a $ 12.5 
mdhon(£8.5 million) iS-- 

*2c£u&r osm tion ” 

'iftfS-iSSJJSSB 

^mdhon purchase of a New 
Hampshire house-building 

y - K&B OmSSS 

fwJ 0 add lo its M «>re 

Homes interests. 

Gonsmiction moved ahead 
fiom Z9J2 million to £l | 8 
miffiou, but included a £17 
million turn round in 0 ver- 
s«s activities. Profits in the 

fSnnS 1 " 0 !! *V about 
xyw,uU0on turnover of £255 

million, bat whereas the for- 
ward workload is much the 
a year ago, recent 
tonders have given the com- 
pany hope that the outlook is 
improving 

rJriL “ r 5 aI| y strong 
performance” hoped for I 
yrar agofor the minerals 
division failed to materialize 
bejause of toe bad UK first 
half and the lower South 
African contribution, and 
profits fen £] million to £7 5 
SjSStiS year will have 

toe Tufloch acquisition but, 
with a heavier mlernal inter- 
^.^Sc-.toe division will 
be hard pushed to mate* that 
fhe strongest growth this 
year should come from the 
homes division, where profits 
advanced by £300,000 to £19 

muhon. Assuming the tax 
ctajse nwra a t 
ӣrmal 35 per cent, pretax 
Profits of £26 miffionthis 
year would mean that the 
mares are selling at about 73 
tones prospective earnings 
and offering a likely yieJdTof 

til ceaL J J P 610,0 248p at 
to ® 6 .o f toe interim re- 
sults, that looks high ennug h . 


^, F «r« 5 - Mf.yar to 

dWdfnrfori 085, ? quanerfy 
oivioend oM eenis is being oud 

^ irrcion intend to 
pay 14 arms for the fog yartn 

sfj® n, °c). Turnover Aus 
m * II,OQ (about £694 
miUtonf. against Aus $1,062 93 
million. Pretax profit Aus SS 4 *• 
nullion (Aus. $59.56 million!. 
E&rnings per share 19.1 cents 
li, cent®!- Nh tangible asset 

3t dt f«L per sto ^. unil at Dct 
31, 1985. was 101 cems (101 

«ms). The board reports that 

"S 1 ** for toe full 
year will be ui advance of 1985- 

\JSS , S RE intcr- 

WATIONAL: The company has 
acquired two-thirds of the ran. 

^nmtw/‘^ pb for £385 -«£ 
m cash and the 

Mtence by the issue of 100.000 

ordinary shares io Lapwing 
tovestmems, one of the ven- 
«>«■ Joseph makes domestic 
Kitchen equipment and appli- 
* nces m stocomracting 
presswork for the domestic 
appliance and motor vehicle 
indusroes. JMeph^ pretax loss 
ror 1985 will be about £!501XkX 
from sales of £3.8 


b *S ” 1 “.Prolong gate 


of £4^ million 

• DWEK GROUP; The board 
a in the advanced sta»s of 

K 55“ ^ ch - if suW 
rut, would result in an tmponani 
acquisition. 

More company news 
on page 21 


•HOGGET? bower&X 

iSn f^ lh f S10ne - toe chair- 
2“sJ5“to« annual marring 
to^-^ftofee income and prcial 
profits had risen by about ^0 ner 
cent in the first quarter of 1985 ^ 
86 . He was confident that Lbe 
Profit for the first half to Ffeh 
28. 1986, win bewellinexccMof 

P ^ 041 last 
year. T he boar d is confident of 
^uotocr record year in 1985-86. 

• EKSKINE HOl«£ 
company is to buy Busiiran 

R^jragntphics. The maximum 
consicfcrauoiis are £1-25 million 
and £1 million, w hich win h, 
hy the issue of 1 55 
million new ordinary shares (an 
U“?we of 10.7 percratiii the 
capital). Of these 

?h 3 ; 7 ?lS ares W !P ** i«mned by 
toe vendors of Pennine. The 
remaining 1.48 million are beine 
ro«hfrOMfly placed at 147? 
each with institutional inves- 
tors. 


Stock markets continued to 
btee away at the start of a new 
two week account. Encourag- 

d . London Business 
fi ??^', P ^ ,n,,n8 out toe bene- 

!erm *o®nomic 
growth due to the collapse of 
oil prices contributed to the 
buoyant mood as did the 
stronger pound which ineviia- 
Wy revived hope of lower 
interest rates which some 
drafers expect on Budget Day. 

The FT 30 share index 
gj ^,- 1 . 9 - 2 .points to a 
record 1-75^ wmie the more 
broadly based FT-SE share 
index added 14.8 to 1532.8 
also a record. " 

Stockbrokers analysts are 
2|5?n- “®*-°roi n 8 increasingly 
bullish about the economv 
and shares. Rowe & Pitman 
tor example predict that the all 
snare index will rise from T'Q 
I to around 800 and believe a 
jump to around 900 is possible 
on a two year view barring 
political accidents. e 

The Greenwell Research 
team soil consider securities 
are cheap relative to cash and 
m particular forecast a 15 per 
cent growth in dividends for 

kS£l 5 ° cheerful 

background the “bulls" con- 
tinue to run amok with only 
rank shares dull due to 
Mexico s debt problem. 

Double figure gains were 
frequent m most sectors with 
stock shortage a vital factor 
peiimd many of the sharper 
improvements. Then; was 
fresh evidence of US buying 
f< J. “'“tive “blue chips" 
which helped to suprJwt 
shares towards the dose. 

ICI which reports foli year 
Pil Thursday jumped 
35p to 939p helped by “buy" 
recommendations from two 
American broking houses. 

A 46 per cent jump in 
profits from Vickers, some 
£3m above best estimates. 


prompted a 37 per cent jump 
in lbe share price to 405p. 

,»,i: U D hcr K Prcss ^SStttions 
tom Beecham may bid for 
Fisons failed to halt a I 2 p rise 
,n Beecham to 383p. Cement 
makers Bine Circle continued 
to anticipate rumoured price 
increases up 15p to 5 S 3 p. 

Engineering siock were 
strong behind the Vickers 
results and the optimistic 
surveys on manufacturing in- 
dusincs. Guest Keen ad- 
vanced I3p to 343 p and 
Haw kef24 539p. Lucas at 
uisp up 12 p continued to 
satisfaction with the 
raudi Tornado order an- 
nounced last week. 

Takeover speculators were 
out iq force again trying 10 
spot, toe next candidate, 
mungton was marked up 2 Id 
to 42 lp on talk of an offer 

JS— nch 8111 5p bener 

Pearson Group was active 
again on suggestions of a 
£“"® r 5 “*n hid wonh around 
350p. The shares closed I 8 p 
higher at 47Sp. Comm? 

Association was 
lifted 250p to 800p on the 
terms from Besiwood. 

Exco put on 8 p to 242p on 
toe weekend disclosure that 
the company were in explor- 
atory merger talks with Mor- 


STOCK MARKET REPORT 

business surveys 
to power on 

n CmhCji k 


gau GrenfeflL Morgan are 
unquoted but 23 ST cent 
stakeholder Wfflis Faber im- 
proved 18p io437p. 

Builders had several good 
spots on cheaper money 


hopes. Marty added 2 p to 
head of today’s results. 


nOp ahead lU uay s results. 
Dealers are looking for some 
news of the proposed sale of 
the Rayless subsidiary. Pretax 
aro expected to be 
£ 331 ^^ ^ 26ai town from 

Alexander Rossell gained 
I 0 p to 128p as RMCaS 
ocottish Heritable announced 
stakeholdings. Alfred 
McAlpUae rose I 6 p to 352p 
aner a modest increase in 
earnings. Most dealers were 
expecting a small shonfelL 
Comment on the beating 
deal with Thom EMI lifted 
Myson Group 13p to 99 n. 
Tunstail Telecom edebrateda 
marketing agreement with 
wots by climbing 25p to 

A ms trad continued to 
rocognise the profit potential 
tor compact disc players and 
38°0p processors “P 25p to 

Mount Ctariotte jumped 
5 /bp to 1 OOp in anticipation of 
good results today. S & W 
Berisford was marked up I On 
10 166p as the company held 


*c dividend and produced 
profit* above worn estimates. 

Glut 12p higher at 

1 "P- 

Store s made farther 

progress as two banks cat their 

rates for endowment mort- 
ga Gas Aai 930p op 26p 
reuectel fovoaraibfe com- 
menL W If Sgfcb A advanced 
,2 P to 30(h) Kl hriatrf (q. 
sponse to the Fleet Street 
property sale announced last 
week. 

Weekend press tipi boosted 

Keep Trust I3p to 148 ol 
S cottish TV iq 2 SS 
Strad & Simpson I4p 
and > an tons I4p to 446a 
Expansion moves lifted Dwek 
Group I3p to 62 p. 

Oils shrugged the 
I® wer spoipnce with Siefl up i 
15p to 68 8 p. New issue PPL > 
(Holdings) recorded a 20p at : 

lo.in ICAfTMl — nr> m m" 


I65p. Isotroo reporting soon 
put on another Tsp to ; 


jj-. o.iuLua 4JO 10 3 l 5 p. 

Thomson T-Line dim bed 17p 
to I 6 jp on talk of a new deal 
soon. 


MAIN PRICE CHANGES 


RISES: 


e 

r 

a 

a.' 

8 

t' 

e 



6 KN 342p 
' 533p 


EQUITIES 

cSffTS? p ,lSe) iso 3s 2 

c$n.'%Z tS *' ,,33Sup 9 g 


Macro 4 


731 wi 


Cranswfck 
Davidson P (iJjEff 
Diatene (12Bp) 


Ferguson (J)(i0p) 

ice (56p) 70 up 3 


- III 

£S’S te '- 

M 3 fe 8lw 

Lexicon (flSn) 





Hawrfwri. 

ICl 939p 
Seocham 383p 
Mariey nop 
PSWngton 42lp 
Alex Russell I28p 
“cAlpme 352p 14} Igp 

SI Grnun 


■4>12p 
«43 I 8 p 
Up 35p 
Up 12 p 
»52p 
UpSlp 
op 100 


rs" 16 '' 1 iui 

Snowdon & 

Spice (80p) 

Tech Comp (ij 
Underwoods (If 
Wellcome (12tto) 

W York Hosp (90p) 
Wickes (140p) 


(Issue price in brackets). 


— 1 

aiu 110 p 

TunstaJl Telecom 3000 
Amstrad 380p 
Rock 26p 
Mt Charlotte IOOd 
S cottish TV 268p 
SW Berisford I660 
DRG253p 
Radfeam I50p 
WH Smith 300p 

Stead and Simpson 900 
Dawson Int224p 
FALLS: 


Bf. .7- ‘■■'A- 



Bojteter 2 E 0 p down 8 p 
^tetwast 692p down l 7 p 



il 

n 

il 

2 

il 

). 

le 

te 

is 

1 - 

le 

le 


1 . ■ 





m-f'-wm 






rr iiy an LLLdi gllStei 

must be platinum 

^hls have- alwavs an i» . . 



• SroL 

iMM 


■ * 


a ins TOWflC&i 19 mm 

DYNAMIC RI6I9N. 

Pacific basin 


t 




ZZi £ ,&rU * fc W«totte from prodMcew of c exh— t 

SSSSS ® 

SSMS-***- wSSS: 

StSSffRSS ? 5 SSrv&t - 

£ga L*a:i*.*" 

At tlTeSl of January, B> 0re ““ 23 * 00 

PfadBam for April ddiveiy oa * " ■ 

pe^eculators’ 
banawagori can 

1 . _ 


•' 'I'.-v'VSJggEl 

msM 


coray, isolatioB and 

anotiier group s 
**st ktrnfe g to appreciate a 
more mundane virtue of this 
rare and wwi»h| metal — its 
I*™* — ad fa so dome has 
raised the spectre of 
ph liH u n a'a vodernalutity as a 
sfretegfc metal 

I?. i.j ’■ 


7 ^ ~ 

A ^ i 



The Pacific basin. 

A shoreline ovw 50.000 miles in length. 

Today it s the arena for over haif the worW. trade. 


„ . * maauuie 

g&gange was trading at $379 

^£Z 6 U)an ounce. It is new ucuikiwaguil UcLQ *r«=n**n peumfun demand. 

trundle on happily 

stmetab.oifcmrae.l»awk [Of 3. IODg Way P** hwn 560.000 nmn>e «• 


"W" 

— ^ royals, of coarse, have 
been so dfisma! for so long that 
many investors barely tire 
them a mome n t' s 
After a brief and exciting 
finny of activity which took it 
op to $350 last month, gold 
has been slip pmg, with die 
ffitoestisrg; inrideutal ^fect 
platinum again 
nrninl g a premimn over 
But why is platinmn ' 
the trend ? 

Analysts saefa as Mr Geof- 
frey Robson ..at Johnson 
Matdiey trace foe decisive 


, - mdwffect of ia- 

creasuig demand for palhidi- 
mn and rhodium, two other 
P™»™ £«mp metals, of 

Ua S w k * 

re tetiyrfy big ger siqipKer than 
Brtwea 1980 and 1985, 

for platinum fo cata> 

lysts rose from 680,000 ounces 
to perhaps^ about 900,000 

onoes, or 30 per cent of total 

western putiatsm demand. 



p\ A 


\ C 





Tm 


lers 




; — r — ■ ■■ mm uijcireuerv 

J**. JJ®" fififijfiOO oances to 
roqgbly foe same amount as 
for catalysts. But as car emis- 
sion standards are tightened 


. V ' - ■ 


workers at • its mines in ™ , 

Bophafoatswana, afleging po- tightened 

Ktocal disruption ofprwlBc^ ! worU , catalysts 

tion. ^ ye li kely lo become foe single 

Pbtouim consumer. 


It 




ilsemost powerial short- 
term mfluence on the price has 

ore® remarkable expan- 
*■“ ¥ rarestor hiterest in foe 
start 

only m 1982, when hoanfhw 

accounted for 45^000 otmeeva 

“ere 2 per cent of overall 
«mand. Last year it could 
have been as high as 255,000 


•K* 


-** >r #* 


bad mistake. Geocor fefl foal 
of foe JPk^ma Government — 
too® frying to improve its 
ssage — and has found th»t 
foe sacked mine rs 
with skilled local Tswanas is 
difficult, 

raanney trace foe decisive Analysts estimate that Im H 

tara to and September palacoiddbse30flL000ra&w lve bret M high as 2 
f*®* first the grow^ of prodaction this year, or 30 "TSflSL ff" 

per cent of Westera demand. ““ 

Sace ft fe foonght tta^^ 

care demarft^.exceed aS. 

ply of pbthram by lOO^M P^ntyn* platinum 

ounces ra 1986 — foe first . fo m ot foe importance of 
sappjy defied for a while -foe ternim! for. outweighs 

most baric statistics signal an * ‘ 3 i amoonts involved, 

open road ahead for foe bond- “““sfrml nses such 

wagoo. as elettrwtics, glass and chetn- 

Nor is foe bandwagon fikldy ^°. 8 rown » stocks 

to lack momeahrm rtik year, ^ 5 ®?* ^stonates ofav* 3 - 

r*s heavy-handedness ““S® fr ° 01 

j uamvumas nonfos’ ft, ^ nngfe* (fe. 



iso* sama usb grow- 
ing unrest in Sonfo Africa and 
then the afnement between 
foe leadi^ industrial 
to devalue dm dofiar erased 
the market fimda m e i dally to 
reassess p fariumw. 

The dollar aignment heks 
conviction. Other metals and 
indeed commodities g ewer afty 


have not benefited by neariy as 
nmch as platinam. The weaker 

lIllVlAW 1 kM nA^Ltn -i*t 


. - . / 




ed to platinum's rise, mn 
chiefly because the stage was 
alrmSy set _ 

A vital if hnpredse part of 
foe background ms foe far- 
moQ hi Sooth Africa. One 
morals trader, who hy happy 
comddence is also a metoUnr- 
got and potty about plattamu, 
put it sncanrtly: ‘'There's a 


imbalance of sqipb and de- 
mand, which last year prompt- . “Z! M ^"™ enauI * 8 li re. 
ed Johnson Mattbey In Its J B ’35?*. ,,0 fr MM foa balance 
first annual pktmnm review to “- ™t proBnses to become an 
suggest that platinum's fo£ “rig; 

tmres were abootto improve. 

The amcial fad! here is font SSS^^- 1 * 1 * 11 ^ “"■* 
despite investors' interest, 

put it succinctly: “There’s a platinum, unlike gold, is pri- «>. the ^ecnlatmns* bond- 
vast question mark over South marfly an indnstriai materuL J 3 * 0 ® tnmdle on happily 

Africa’s Tefiebffity as . a Eio^llyhiipactant;80p«'ceat * or ® tong way before it hits the 
supplier.’* of ptotrann used indnsfrially aal ? raJ harrier of consumer 

lie repobfic meets 86 per to not recovered, whereas most It wifi he some time 

of foe «ld mined since the ® e * ore metafinrgfets are (eft in 
dawn oftustoxy to extant. peace to drool over platinum 

By for the hugest lopg-teia *8^ 
denned for pfatHnon wiU be Michael Prest 


aanffi aSK ST irs hom egn, Und for 

^ ^ now scrarabSo^CK 

fc •— 

StandardChmeredhas ^ S 0p ?T 

information technology to hdolou ’ri^ h^ P £ d 016 
throughout the Pacifi^egi on . P ^ d teKer busuiess 

SK^'sassasSs 

^ofind outwore, contact your nearest branch. 

r\s ■ . a 


mi 


i 

ave 

al 


c 

■ss 


supplier. 

The repobfic meets 8 Q per 
caat of Western demand, for 
platinum, which, last year was 
about 3J adSoD ranees, ami 
fts reserves ef 2 bfifion ounces 



4RA 




strength in depth across the world, 7 




STANDARD CHARTERED BANK. HEAD OFFICE 38 BISH0PSGATE. 


10ND0N EON 4D£ 























finance and industry 



THE ’g&S&TIMES 


THE TIMES TUESDAY FEBRUARY 25 1 986 


STOCK EXCHANGE PRICES 


ish< 

Test 

lies 

5 rc 
nig! 
Ves 

l 7j 

— lani 
/hei 
— efo 
x-?rie 
3 an 
95S 
>st 1 
“<hei 

tosja 

,967 

La utp 
me ,a ^ 
cie on- 
po 1 * n 

fjgi id 

am re* 

na est 
Dciur 
Du w 

,rsl 
tin wl 
Nk> »! 
pol idc 
the "nti 
Eu ith 
ev< i si 
eni In 
of oul 
J rtw 
pie atti 
Mi 3ul 
the ns 
Hi: W 
B6 die 
Ce all 
ear me 
coi oti 
cre o« 
wh no 
wa - n 


From ytmr portfolio card check tout 
right share pnee movements. Add won 
op to give you your overall touL Check 

wa reams* the duly dividend figure 
pubiabed on this page. If it matches yon 
have woo outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated, if yoo are a 
winner (bOow the claim procedure oo the 
back of your card. You must always have 
your card available when riamiing 


JW 






DAILY DIVIDEND 
£2,OOQ 

Oaims required for 
+51 points 

OtSanii&gboaid rag 0254-53272 



Sum 


Roe An Drv 


frenuY 



543 419 are oret ' to 

740 HQ Urwn 853 

1» K Vteen ISC 

55b 3ft MhftFftge Bib 

380 220 Wkanat 245 

•3 411 50 73 

• +10 629 21059 

+3 14 29109 

+IS 

• *7 7.1 33 115 


ES 



mm 1 in sb iB n 

mi 



457 334 
85 59 
in 124 
22a 120 
S3 57 
239 179 
338 IQS 
194 IS 
40S 27’. 
410 258 
280 (84 
27B ias 
238 182 
453 270 
243 IK 


JUtoUpn* 295 

Bare 680 

Beftswn «S 

BO MHWw 84 

anon (Uaunaw) 4io 

SubTNT pH P) 187 

BuKawxxt Bra* 480 

QH ( MJfflW rt 475 

OMttl (J A) 820 

Pure** 831 

Orsanri WMBre 187 

fiwantag SOI 

c mbbii an 

HMfilHwn 457 

KOMMOM 75 

(nwiratei DM 190 

kIMt DU 226 


•+* «a 
.. 21.0 
-1 1.1 
42 

.. 200 

• .. 72 

.. 143 

• .. 107 

■ms i&a 

.. 2 za 

7Sr 

4-1 73 

• ♦I 103 

34.1 
20 
81 : 

:i° U : 

at ■ 

43 

43 109 r 

A 41.1 
-8 18J > 

+2 10J : 

+15 102 : 

as ■ 

.. 123 i 

48 04 ‘ 


CrnMtfi 
dm a*a 

DWaBllUt 'A* 
Oonmo 

Doming 8 km 

Out** 

BB Uiom nwo n g ntt 

Beam* ESI 


BUILDINGS AND ROADS 


QKQ 

ta ■Baa 



u asra*. 8 


Si BMBra* 

£ srsa. 

194 BrmdonlCkM 
59 BrMiM Dua 
55 Br Q«Uig 
It BTOM 1 8 JackM 
55 BRMfliM 
84 Bnwo 
20 Bate! 8 HKra 
145 Crtabrred RetM 
30 CMWlHtaM 
42 COdder Op 
33B Cora 
194 couWyete 
84 Crouch [DerWQ 


wL-a 


Weekly Dividend 


Please make a note of your daily totals 
lor the weekly dividend of £20,000 in 
Saturday’s newspaper. 



45 Dougin 004 88 

38 &U1 72 

tl M 86 

54 DO 'A* 88 

63 FkrtnGp 85 

84 GaWfcrt 80 

103 Gftta 4 D*W)r OrdiOB 

204 QMwonfUJ) an 
K HAT 102 

» MC8 6V 80 

88 I9UUI IHI1 54 
114 Hnmood Mm i7« 

an w a m« sm 

129 fcSock J8MM1 156 
260 JMUItSa 290 

ire LMig U 35i 

198 Oo V 341 

87 ummWMil 96 
58 LMly (FJCJ 73 

198 taM (YJI 848 

104 Magna 8 South 138 


BRITISH FUNDS 


SSupmtMM) 354 

S&* I 


mm 


ir 



f ' . M 



fe- 


te 



too 


11 


109 


129 


56 


29 

+b 

133 

♦b 

13.1 

♦•5. 

104 

k+b 

25 

«b 

IOlB 

ft 

50 

♦b 

102 

+'« 

3 2 

♦b 

119 

♦b 

52 

♦b 

ms 

♦b 

mo 

+b 

14 

*b 

29 

+b 

114 

♦b 

ms 

*b 

104 

+1 

104 


52 

►+b 

HU 

*b 

33 

♦b 

IBS 

+b 

99 

ft 

10 

ft 

12 2 

ft 

113 

+b 

17 

*b 

99 

*V 

109 


' *112 Una M 
1® 1 *7* W *** 1 

» ESST* 

M3 NoOfeitfMn Brick 
98 Ibrtkanon 
88 IWx Tirrt+r 
180 POCMw 
342 RMC • 


MS IW OawM 
m Bg^cnnc 

62 SwrpaSFMar 
S3 SnutH 
227 Taat 
348 Tteor Wooaoa 
108 T»«y ttmi 
223 TIM 6 Arnold 
84 M 
143 Tone 
135 VtmgMrt 
128 Wad 
SB Wotebn fT) 
173 Wants*# 

82 JWm Bros 

172 wjgSVaMft 
87 Wkapay (Qwvge) 


*2 1U U1U 
-2 157 S3 89 

.. am 02 B£ 
+2 57 37 14.0 

+6 113 as 183 
♦3 94 30 119 

*4 100 73 .. 

.. 04 17 48 

too 6517.4 

53 73 373 

• 43 83183 

.. 329 27 123 

*15 283 49 89 
.. 133 53 303 

*1 43 53 153 

:: " “mi 

44 83 73 

47 49 TOO 
571 ■ • .. 

44 29253 
+7 43 30 .. 

£1 3.1281 

*4 22.1. 43102. 

• .. 82 23 83 

-4 73 S3 31.1 

• -S 83 102 79 

• 23* 23 163 

*1 44 81 113 

*3 42 43 112 

*4 42 84 S3 

• .. 54 83254 

.. 62 79 139 

24 22369 
7.7 27 103 
•*1 54 52 106 

.. ..a .. 182 

.. 13 42102 

.. 89 51 102 

*4 >32 33 187 

81 OS 123 

*15 263 85 99 
*2 83 28112 

*2 89 23 109 

r .. Sir 34 73 
U 7.1 113 

• 48 103 23 122 

• . . 87 43 143 

*4 HU 54 127 

• .. 7.1 33134 

54« 63 .. 
*13 181 45 no 

41 77 89 108 

07 10 .. 

*1 92 74 183 

43 188 62 25.1 

.. 157 12183 

42 S3 43 143 

.. 88 49 102 

42 42 83 

.. 184 4J 84 

44 183 23 113 

+3 185 83153 

S3 S3 123 
■*3 11.1 47 (29 

41 33 64 121 

• .. 107 41 103 

32 84 143 

82 34 187. 

43 117 23 173 

43 114 41 143 

70 43 181 

44 112 32127 

•-*1 13 19 lOl 

. . IM 8.1 304 
•4« 184 54109 

• + S 104 19181 

42 5.7a 85 77 

*2 83 29 184 

14a 13162 
4i . . a . . . . 

44 43 12183 

43 23 157 


3M 135 BtCC 
155 *9 BS* 

484 308 P 8— *P0 
203 104*3 sr Taweon m P 
97 To Brawn Boari Kant 

A £ SSe 1 "’ 1 * 

E53 440 CMM 8 WMm 
378 195 CUMridgaSK 

220 138 CAP Gp 
33 28 CMcnda 

226 IS 08 TS* COP 
263 19S Comp 
303 200 Cra y &W 

s sarss 

in 97 ran 
37 14 Date** A- 

315 243 Oonmo 
48 31 Dam** 8 MM 

208 134 Out** 

43} 255 Seareereporert 
83 38 EMWWttfli. 

55 X Bawww 
263 156 EaMUBM 
3S6 258 EurothM 

221 138 FuiulBact 

184 104 Farm _ 

in 8 M Cam Bne 
40 20 Forvrara Toil 

220 150 OEq 

131 91 Korereor 
>29 78 Hkddand Bad 
193 130 I8L 

353 M H Sj gdtC Bt 
200 130 Jonas Strand 

215 SS (Coda 

841 218 Lac Mrigaraflon 
346 *j sa Loetca 
335 220 Ifltawa 
400 235 Mwnac 
235 34 Mod BS 

970 100 Mero Focus 
98 33 Manana Bk 

94 59 Manor Era 
45 16 Nnrnn 

283 f70 Nanonark (LM) 
102*1 76*1 na 
172 22 Ocaortca 
475 238 Orfod l iMuan a Hi 


15.1 49133 

U 

99 37134 

33 0113 

19 14.1 31 J 

19 17 33 
133 27 2B9 
102 37 143 

" , ,J> 1« 

17 07 189 

43 1330 
81 14 109 

34 15 381 
19 09 • ■ 
13 87 72 
ZB 81* 2 
29 47 137 
4.0 2t 142 

79 19*87 
19 14 83.6 

44 139 

74 11 27.1 
88 14 174 

29 19 3*7 
29 >3 199 

80 14184 
..a .. 174 


CMHISW 

ewaraway “ 

CH trd 

Cl ili flUlMi 7W 
OiamwWi 8M3 
Charter Con* 

Ownmg 
ChnMK n 
Christyltod _ 

sss.'sr’ 
SSWl . 

conera Tach 
Concaotric 

com srawy 

Coc* Own} 


44 24 meow 27 

184*. BP. PMpe Bn 5Vh C161A 
17b 10 Ptrtp* IMS H/V EiP* 
205 115 PWCO 190 

180 111b Oe -A’ LM Vedng ISO 
214 114 PWaaw 3i0 

20b 19k DoADfl 25 BOb 
186 K P taa aa a (55 

80 22 QuMt Autamaaon 32 

288 120 RM&K* 208 

198 M2 Ream 188 


140 21 Sanl DHMtan 

» 72 SIC 
197 737 3a** kU 
hb 74 §nw neugm 
21b (O*. TDK 


*1 82 
-2 3.8 

*10 17 

14 

•*t 107 

7.1 

*3 174 

*2 14 


.. 0.1 
1.1 

• *.. 193 

*2 73 

81 

• ♦17 24 

-2 14 

-1 13 

-b 575 


11 4b 
27 10- 

50 40 

3Sb Kb 
84 48 

280 168 
598 401 
311 208 
45 3l 

190 73 

146 62 

330 380 

191 102 

38 7 

86 m 
29 20 
96 32 

488 . 230b 
273' 135 
70 a 
75b 55 
38S 210 
■1 31 

142 80 
171 126 
2ST.14Sb 
43 22 
«3 SO 
2S6 196*3 
zab iy. 


220 133 Dwrita 3 Maw 

127 81 DM 

Ml 716 Da lilka 

218 105*3 DOW 

208 106 OartMd 3WM 
233 132 Deaouaar 
19b 10*J Della Mel 
330 158 Oaao*e_ 
97*1 as Demon Part 
115 73 Dorn 

118 74 Oonmon Mt 
74 29 Deport 

62 T2 Omk 

£ S V4!** 


S TSaX- 

cmtMsnbori 

Cram H ome 

nx! m “ . 

OKE 


7b .. 
18 
50 
7Db 
81 

230 +2 

570 *10 

341 *13 

B v 

177 *2 

118 +2 

419 8,. 

US *7 

• ISb *t 

» 

21 • .. 
95 *3 

KB *8 

272 *2 

50 

Kb -b 

381 *4 

74 • .. 

141 •♦lb 

179 

*S5b -1 


E22*> *b 
U 

m 

M 64 

MS *10 

tn *io 

200 «-S 

233 +3 

18 

330 *7- 

89*t «*b 
110 • .. 
106 .*4 

71b 

62 *13 


82 80 . . 
184 83 83 

83 S4 82 
429 44114 

73 23 114 
93 47 114 
87 43 87 
OB 44 174 
75 24 20.4 

74 83124 

7.1 85 123 

7.8 72 84 

28 34 163 
.. ..324 

87 84 214 

87 74 180 


74 89 104 
76 64 82 

64 81 188 


4*4 301 Them EM 
IK M9 There* (FW) 

366 188 Tiawna TaWooni 
274 158 UB 
308 173 IMtacb 
350 236 UttUoing 
270 150 uu Scoradc 
3M SM va luunn 


103 68 (WVtaurr Boc 
325 220 WhrtaraFMng 


CHEMICALS. PLASTICS 



44b 23b 
258 121 
383 273 
260 160 
130 78 

Mb SIS 
122 100 
134 10* 
79b BS 

107 79 
275 224 
IK 131 
IK 112 

20 14 
161 116 

108 82 
227 158 
268 175 
137 88 
488 318 

93 51 

949 630 
373 278 
121 Id 
IK 141 
63 S3 
182 126 
298 94 
328 162 

ioo a 


AKZON/VBaa 

ABadCoara 


&0«Cl 

SS 8 ™ 

come am 

DO ’A" 

gsr- 1 

DOOM 

BU 8 Bmd 


krp Chim hd 


+b 400 
• *5 84 

*18 04 

81 

+1 - 87 
♦b 700 
.. 104 

5.1 

+4b .. 

-1 81 
♦4 04 

u 

83 

.. az 
.. 104 


196 • .. 88 44174 

246 *4 114 44 29 

137 +S 87 43 104 

398 -4 214 84 80 

«2 +1 

937 +33 444 47 03 

371 *8 104 24 104 

107 *2 43 <4 109 

182 23 14 180 

K ..OS 44129 

(83 -2 33 24223 

288 *4 

208 .. 11.1 S3 80 

100 *8 24* 25 184 


CINEMAS AND TV 


200 120 AflpM TV ‘A* 

its 118 mv"P 
301 218 UM-Mda 

268 120 SomIVW 

186 110 TVS H/V 

Kb a raw 


200 129 85144 

35 24 64 74 

180 .. 114 8-1 8 2 

30 .. 204 7.1 116 

» +18 127 47 104 

168 • .. 114 81 81 

38b 24 (US TOO 



205 ISO SnOtte . 

120 70 - 8MNM _/ 

210 113 8MM 8 m 

50 17 B sramsarv * 
SS fld ' SutSa Bpram 
210 112 Soar 

313 207b 3»k* PadBc A' 
sa 6 Spranora 
2*Q 16 0- Ejteo* 

441 206 T1 
153 81 TMT 

320 « TSL ThanW 
531b33l Tare • 

Kb 21 TateQ Cham 
I 5VMWC 

51 «d Tatks 

« S » - 

183 3S Thomson T-LIM 
176 184 Tptxwfc 
248 137 Tooampfl 

400 sos TraregrfrcoM 

m 1Kb Tnomnrt Dh 

19*i 7b Dhow 

80 S TMdre 
90 23b Trptet 
15d 01 TUaar A NaacK 
17S 94 UKO 

12 * 20 Umpn aup 
MbOK UnAar 
03H Mb-tMavwtKV) 

235 164 Valor 

405 210 ’Mm 

140 76 VfcKT PlWoca 

208 101 ram 

165*1 BZb w ra a 

305 US Vrap«r 
86 30 WSC 

174 110 WMePoMnas 
210 98 MkMn 
776 125 Wagon hat 
104 34b W arn tad am 
185 MS Hl ala p a 
2B8 81 'W«son pt KaMq 
274 TBOb wadgwooO 
85b 40 VUr 
23 6 Mr*i 

116 45 Wasted 

118 K Ware 
2SS 155 Whom Ree«e 
112 84 Whaaaoa 
200 138 vemcraK 
224 128 WMlIBK 

530 168 mraitki 
188 128 vn* Op 
sa 137 wtt m e y H *gi*o 
01 48 Vktood tfrtS) 

*0 16 Wood (at) 

80 15 waa oa iAHk 
BS 68 wpckaraB'e 

60S 370 Yarrow 
153 B Yoong (H) 


203 

«f' •*? 
170. 

192 

l ST . *1 
2U ,** 
294 .tI 
29 +1 

300 

441 *10 

IK +ff 
23* 

<70 **5 

£37b -Tb 

Zr a 

163 

96 

>83 +CT 
IK -2 
220 •-! 
3» *3 

214 m-2 ■ 

1SS -+1 
18 
60 

» +z 
U4- .43 

1 » *2 
1M ' 
tv«- . +b 
W» ■ 

222 

405 +TT 
129 «Z 

193 • .. 

El 56b +b 

m 

152 

210 *8 
176 • .. 

to* *r 

173 • .. 

386 ... . 

273 *4 

Kb +b 
S2b *b 

88 <3 

117b 

345 *8 

M *8 
200. +1 
183 -3 

625 -3 

188 


.. ..so 
na 87 83 
.. 382 
80 23200 


143. 72 80 
143 82203 

.43 uni 
U 20223 

Ur 43 73 
Ur 49 ITS 
air 17 173 j 
23* XI M3 


300 2B0 MnMtPnttrag 3*3 
in 83 HrewCrere n - m 

2 H IX momm an 

022 404 umonre 408 
18 aos NMUanand OK 
585 423 OamhB - K8 

147 IU RomwouOi Sana - . UK 
277 220 Tmi* 8K- 

358 IN IM MuiKal » 


- 3 ! 

•f. M UQ} 
HI M 

aA 32 15 31.1 
a« 87-49U* 
*1 ST4 70 82 
*•4 Bf 7««U 


87 80113 
157 59 180 

88 82 US 
44 r 29 333 

I! 79 

.. • 

49 23-1*4 
21 10 ■ 
11.1 89 04 

19 19 ' 

81 29347 
23 09 300 

UL7 39129 
4. In 49 7.1 


INSURANCE 


238 Ol Aagm im i 

TO 83 hWUa 
<71 325' Ham O 
431 390 MOM 
33 a. Jack* ONbJ 

» 147 Lonipo 

5? . 44 OcaaaWBa 
M 129 Parson fi 
2*0 129 Do A 

239 13i Petr Peat 
H 40 - Saw Dasa 

586 466 -SIM* One 
122 85 Tore Km 
2 si (38 vuacra 


•4 110 71 45 


138 1Q7 IT If 

36 07 18 188 

M *1 89 56 IQ 

383 . *0 236 79 119 

3M +2 269 73 M.1 

K 14 45 9L7 

9K 8*1 17.1 85 HU 

98 43 TS 71 

■oo -3. 34 17 73 

230 -3 84 37 75 

Ml •+lb 79 4.7 S3 

919 229 40 03 

110 *» 387 

no .. 89 54 72 


251 IBS MMaUa 
20b lib Max 8 AIM 
25b 19b Am Can 
255 ISO^ftadKock 
837 533 Brtemc 
275 T74 Con UHd 

736 503 Gan AbcMk 
815 8(8 CUE - 
723 S48 HaaOlCE 
321 217 (teg Hobkoon 
777 545 IjjliGa 
34 19 UbldeSARi 

872 642 London 8 Mm 
336 2*2 LCkl IM k» 

70 48b UarWk 8 McLan 
336 181 MMt 
9K 218 NS 
M 917 Pare 
ety. «ra pnttMW 

435 276 FMuw 
856 515 Royal 
*13 332 Saogwlcfc Op - 
794 265 Swiart Wrbon 
450 320 SturpOOJg* 

818 381 Sai^m 
90* 709 Sun 19a 
365 220 Trade kxtenCy 


*1 94 

-T W0 
1-5 800 

> .. 79 

.. 579 

*a ias 
+1 80 
-c 

*2 289 

*3 379 

-2 S74 

1-1 134 

+2 32.1 

♦1 

M 
.. 139 

-■* 220 
-1 09 

.. 129 

.. 884 

+7 act 
*3 109 

*7 300 

-a 1*6 

+2 144 


48 305 

.. 129 

+13 KM 


PAPER, PRINTING. ADVERTG 


413 Z75 (hand Mat 308 

282 186 Konad)r Bracket 256 
3*fi 3*1 LidbrcW* 346 

485 3K Lon Part HoMl *50 
100 77 Mourn Charloea 99 

112 87 Prtnc* or W HoBk 72 


•*0 149 39 121 

.. 21 04 102 

48 ISO 49 204 
. . 149r 22 199 

*4b 19 19 183 

21 29 120 


Tl'i 48b Queans Meat 70b *2b 22t 21 199 

*15 353 Savoy Hook 'A* 383 28 09 123 

78 29 Sate 72 • .. 1J7 24 179 

TO 119 rnjsamss Fens ifli • .. 73 uiu 


DRAPERY AND STORES 


41b 38b Gcnsol* *% 

37b 33b War Ui 3b% 

47b 41 Coor 3 *j% 

31b 28b Tran 3% 

26 SSbCouots 2b% 

28b 23b Treat 8 b* 

INDEX-LINKED 
11Sb105bTian 8 2*4 1988 
102b 91 Tree* 8 2% two 
1Mb IK Tim 8 2% rtaa 
iosb aabTrae* nj'n. 2odi 
103b WbTJeei 82*A 2003 
106*4 30b Trees 2 2% 2000 
1Mb B2bTra**Ub%2009 
1Kb 97 Ttaas L2<4L 20U 
9lb TV * Tran (L2b> 2013 
99b 87b Tran HJbb. 2018 
98b Mb Tl*s* (L2bb. 2020 


Kb +b 

Xb 

47b*+2b 
81 +b 
25b +b 
25b •*1*i 


118b +b 
102b *b 
113 teb 
9Sb*+b 
Mb +b 

«n +b 

96b +b 

101b +b 
05b •» > < 
97b +b 
90b +b 


i« 5Cb AoanMn 'A' 10* 

ioo sib Dome (Jam ■*• bo 
161 60 Beoalt 156 

52 9 BOda Led 1«b 

88 48 Bnm 68 

585 220 Brawn M 540 

317 204 BurteS 268 

114 S3 Canen 'A' 102 

54 K Cartel (5) 48 

336 224 C«d 330 

ias s? created a«w> >82 

136 85 Court* <Fwtv) K 12B 
93 87b DeeNrel (U) 88 

11 131 Doran* Op 288 

423 271 DuM 423 

81 58b Os t GafcMtki 78 

880 360 Br* (WMMdon) 860 

172 92 arpn SO rat 170 

230 130 Ba 22B 

96 77 EnoMCWa 78 

139 72 Fki* Aft De* 130 

110 23b Ford (MaM) 110 

186 1*3 r on iWHf IK 

3SQ TO Rea w ns 378 

110 79b GUV JAJ) 102 

(5* 80 QMSft 72 

11 I 

13bB8* CUS eilb 

932 874 Ob'I* 329 

268 IK Hon* 0 u ** n * ur* r 230 

Xb 22 Hates 0* London 20 

sa 2 i (tore* _ a 


+8 39 

+ 1 3J3 

-1 3.1 


BANKS DISCOUNT HP 


219 

*8 

ao 

4 2 .. 

M 

♦1 

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341 

+1 

109 

09 .. 

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+10 

179 


OS 




240 

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169 

82114 

377 


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49 52 

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2*9 

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446 

♦5 

132 

10152 

408 

+15 

414 

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45b 


23 

51 155 

cas>. 

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36* 

M4 .. 

S34S 

-1b 

296 

29 .. 

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• +1 

14 

52 100 

E87 


50 

11 .. 


-3 

200 

53 .. 

194 

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49 

21 114 

312 

418 

159 


iti 

• 42 

17 

13 129 

2S8 

+0 

99 

43 199 

EX 


957 

12 251 

375 

*4 

179 

44 94 

BBS 




STB 

-5 

174 

44 157 

IK 

*4 

113 

09173 

710 

+30 

214f 

10 111 

407 

-a 

229 

33 7.1 

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2.1 

02110 

013 

*20 

229 

24 128 

462 

-12 

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74 74 

245 




889 

-20 

374 


£100 


680 

50 21S 

Xb 

+1 

157 


73 


14 

25 217 

110 

+2 

53 

53 134 

mb 



2fio 

-4 

117 

47 04 

in'. 


304 

22107 




28 13 


ffl 21 HoM* » 

» 240 (tew ten 2M 

IX 93 House 01 Lares* 120 
90 71b Jonai (Ejneeo 84 

X 21 LaAMFndi 28 

134 K LCP 131 

226 100 Lee COoptr 196 
8*6 370 Lbew 830 

(90 M2 urew agar (73 

195 111 HtelSpmv 192 

338 218 (iron uam 313 

195 118 Ums lam 190 

fiis 306 urn fire* 593 

130 M NSSNMUBMS 142 
2*4 13* Wes 234 

3K 313 0 (Wiq 

640 331 Our Price 


840 331 OwPnce 546 

71 X Peons 60 

97 £8 Pews Store* SSI 

US X Prsaor (Ktrad) HD 

131 46 HmnlMHt 122 

X*» 23b Raytoeh Xb 

315 US fted (AnsM) 315 

TOM Da A' MB 

S 16 ! I U SUM X 

IK ITS 3*™* (H) 103 

82 7? Do A 77 

127 78 BUTS «1b 

sis too amres-A- am 

320 TO are® (Wfl -A- 238 

84 31 Do 0 60 

79 42 Btwrty (AO) 70 

>15 SB Smote 107 

3» 273 aarenaure gg 

K X Brevia Ohm x 

SOI 373 Siperelreg Grew 4K 

ST K Tan+ooraUHa 41 

61b 27b Ho* Fteduot Bib 
BO TO IMowoodK IX 

482 287 tere VOeM 4*8 

231 (40 ww Grate 219 

328 203 WHIIH 2X 

148 90 WUrik 98 

810 277b W te aaem «K 


+< 39 

3.1 

.. 207 

7.7 

• +5b 8.7 

*1 14 

a+llb 11 
*10 0.1 
+1 89 

*20 TU 
*4 38 

+2 43 

*2 ..a 

+3 4.7 

*11 

• .. 83 

*4 89 

• .. 79 

*2 23 

• *1 II 

*4 107 

SJ 

•-1 289 

• +Z5 364 

*8 33 

23 

• .. 34 

+1 49 

*9 114 

•+b S3 
21 
OlO 

*< 69 

+W HU) 

• -2 TOO 

*9 5l 
*15 &.1 

29 

+1S 74 

+4 S.1 

*1 54 

.. MT 

• .. 79 

OS 

*2 14 

55 

• .. 17 

♦b 1.1 
♦10 7.1 

+1 7.1 

J *° 

*2 50 

+b 44 

.. as 

■ *I0 79 

• 43 15 

43 15 

-1 IS 
+3 119 

-3 

45 04 

29a 

+b 23 
*1 24 

*14 17 1r 
.. 119 

05 
18 a 

-a 12 a 


220 118 AAH 

2S7 132 MB Research 

129 S3 AM 

301 216 APV 

112 Tl Aaransoi 

222 i*3 Mae 

28Q IX NnantaWM 

143 85 A new M0 

376 88 Apotecr* 

42 94 tem 

X 15b Aneear 
425 325 AH 5 Late 
87 14 AaUW 

■ 303 IK An Br fire Bib 
406 303 ABOCHaal 
*8b 15b Autre 
3*5 Z» Aren Rutter 


■T 44 175 
U 44215 
U UIU 
151 58 319 

50 57 94 
M.1 59 194 

7.1 17 2JU5 

57 IS HI2 

58 23207 

.. ..59 

09 1.1 144 

X9 79 119 


ELECTRICALS 


SJ ™ 25 49 114 18205 

W 63 Amatrad _ 360 •+24b 19 04 289 

^ S Agneei Corapre* B* +10 21 25 &0 

w wB won 88 4ft 

303 IK AHnbe Cbog an ..24 05 145 

to a Aadamreqr fii .. " «9 

to ix At* see in -a ia 15123 


211 X BU IK 

41 S 278 BET Db! 413 

87 58 BE ILL} 71 

335 246 BOC S3 

443 298 8TR 443 

U7 118 Betex* 1M 

30b 13b ate* JCH) 22*. 

OO 325 Barf $*4 CTO 

270 180 Bate Peau Z73 
175 54 Bare lad 175 

WO 112 Satan W0 

4» 110 Bate. Rand 379 
K X Barrre Heptwm 4> 
210 ix Barm Ttereen TO 
61 X Batnei saanas) X 
1H 138 Bretrco CWa t7D 

113 88 Paaatod 113 

X> 279 Brtdan 386 

« ia 23 

iS ’S m 

327 HX> BaapM 119 

345 204 BMCM 27* 

K9 129 Bamcod 425 

a « Brtotcyi a 

305 220 BUM U) 300 

W W ^ IX 

103 81 BBre U K 

109 80 BkmaQolcrel 1Kb 

IX nn'i O kre ea i an i MM IK 

(J* ra teckTKa TO 

«3, TO atdt (teal 2W 

«b n Pb dni B Bd Hodge *2 
SS fcte** 2Z5 

gooter IlcCwed 322 

10 1 . Sb BMm (Wmj 8b 

» 214 Bpaur 320 

» JS fetel te S1V* 

TO T5 granma eGrp 118 

4tt ZH teem 306 

72 X Barer 69 

1 1 ISF* ,§ 

|irfS»sr-s 

*46 77 ft Srsaxw 118 

229 153 Br Vea 229 

3K 227b Broken Hfl 319 

*1 34 D ra m ^ u ra nre 42 
19 19b ftor u 18 

M a &«*• Tfat xb 

m 121 ftren 4 Treee 175 

X 20 Bremganq 90 

“ * *78 

172 1(0 ftageas 154 

71 38 area A n oertdti 81b 

K 28 Carton} Eng (9 

» X’i Cipara kid X 

II SS.%. tS 
Sb 3_SSK 8 


05r 13199 
58 23272 

50 23 123 

51 39 141 
21 14 14 
10 59 72 
.. .. 220 
za *9 iiT 

29r 33 .. 
39 53155 
15 72 BA 
4 2 731Z5 


139* 4.1 189 
32 25213 
29 53109 
T29r 17 189 
3J 45 HJ 
56 14 219 

49 77 53 
54 45135 
23 25 15. 
43 43 145 
O 49 139 
29 41 
157 39 
245 57 
99 73 
34 r 47 
73 
89 
83 


+5 369 r 53 113 

+1 102 17 113 . 
V J* A3 202 

*7 23 19 242 

’’ J9 59159 
_ 257 149 59 

+7 94 55 89 

45 48 69 109 

*14 151 45 150 
.. I .. .. 
+1 19 79 127 

♦tt 159 59 51 
•+2 79 39 119. 

• . . &1 51 63 

*7 .. • .. 149 

*? 59r 29 833 

•-b 29 r U 73 

29 02159 
-- 149 99 79 

K 49 47 S3 

• +b 54 51 47 

-. 09 85 129 

-5 54 33142 

+5 24 1.1269 

♦b .. .. 159 

+4 39 39 119 

+15 164 11 139 
+Z S3 39 109 

-3 129 35 If j 

rt 

.. 133*119 .. 

+12 179 49 167 

• .. 12 49 105 

-b 21 53 127 

51 47 KL0 
-1 7.1 39144 

05 07053 
*2 95 53 124 

33 33309 
53 41 94 

-1 if 38 85 
.. 0,7 44 .. 

• - - 15 59 52 

• *1 99 95115 

49 78 124 

• *3 119 42 13.1 

*3 29 19 147 

35 89123 
•*5 29 49 75 

24 85143 
-1 .. a .. 46 

*8 175f 52 59 

S3 59 50 
-lb 14 33 157 . 


50a 

95 123 

214 


15 

(U38J 

75 

0033.1 

174 

42 9J 

49 

S4 11J 

274 

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14r 

08 .. 

21.7 

74 154 

09 

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74 7i 

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28 127 

38 

28 .. 



51 

27 na 

50 

27 49 

21.1 

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20 

20 09 

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275 

19 (4X 

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19 

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44112 

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29 159 

14 

£3 GO 


32 8b Ang AirerCHl 
111.570 Ana AM 
79 28b Am Gotd 
47b Xb AAIT 
Xb 21 A«te*i! 

Kb 21 ' Do 'A* ■ • 

295 T5B AwHIMi 
767 205 Bywon 
187 71 Bracken 

37 12b ftMs • 

3® 236 CPA 
100 S2 car Soft! 

564 397 Cera GakteUi 
458 267 0a Bean 
2*0 95 DeeA raat 

16 b Sb • 

zr> ildmmhi 

12b 3b Durian 
318 143 E Oagges 
TO m Bamarand 
l« 12B B Ora 

488 2X3 EmSqoU 
730 2b E Rand ftp 
ft Bb F8 Cons 
218 64 PS Daw 
M 43 Oeoror Tk» 

It 4b Gate* 

12b Mi Gen MMng 
1* 5b GFSA 
60S 3K etiUgurl 

175 53 Qapaag 

ISO 230 QrotX'fel 

218 113b H a mden Aran 
13b 4b H a m e n y 
523 190 Hate 
87 40 Jttertes 

18b 6b (Ogtoh 
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THE TIMES TUESDAY FEBRUARY 7S 1986 


FINANCE AND INDUSTRY/ 



APPOINTMENTS 


Athena International: Mr 
Paul Ross has been appointed 
pracuremem and distribution 
director. 

. ,m «cc Mr Ian M Herman 
has become group managing 
director and Mr Allan Castle 
financial director. 

Sherwood Compute!: Mr i 
Richard Guy has been made , 
managing director. 

Willis Faber Mr Ray Salter 
is to join the board. He will 
™. b $ comc a director of 
Wilhs Faber a hd Dumas and 
deputy managing director of 
ns North American reinsur- 
ance division. 

Aitken Hume International: 
Mr S A (Tony) Constance has 
been made group chief execu- 
tive. 

Martin Retail Group: Mr 
Brian Baylrs has been named 
managing director. 

Grandficld Rorik Gotlins 
Financial: Mr Simon Proctor 
has been appointed li a public 
relations executive. - N 
A Cohen & Co (Great 
Britain): Mr D C Barker- 
Goldie and Mr L Victor have 
become directors. 

Jardine Glanvjll (UK): Mr 
Michael Clarke and Mr Colin 
Symes have been 
madedi rectors of the northern 
division. 

Jardine Insurance Brokers 
(UKk Mr David Cowley has 
been appointed managing di- 
rector. 

Brent Chemicals Interna- 
tional: Mr Dennis Witty hay 
been appointed to the main 
board. 

Dataquest: Mr Malcolm 
Penn has been made director 
of European operations. 

The Union Discount Com- 
pany of London: Mr Joha 
Sclater has become deputy 
chairman in succession to 
Lord Remnant, who is to 
remain on the board. M ^ 


Nursing homes 
seek money 
through BES 


COMPANY NEWS 


European Law Report 


Luxembourg 


By Lawrence Lever 

The old. sick and those who the year to September 30 
have retired are the latest 1986. 
teigeis of companies seeking In the previous two finan- 
h nance under the Business cial years, the founding 
Expansion Scheme, which al- directors' existing business 
lows individuals tax relief on made losses of £ 65,291 and 
..investments of up to £40.000 a £2.654 respectively on its 
year in certain types of private ordinary trading, 
company. . Pax Hill has freehold prop- 

Projects seeking finance in- enics valued at £950.000 and 
elude private medical centres indebtedness of about 
and nursing homes. £383.000. 

Pax Hill, sponsored by Bright Walton Homes, 
Baden-Powell CTnlcotU is sponsored by Hill SamucL is 
looking for £534,000 to esiab- looking for a more ambitious 
iish private communities for £5 million to own and operate 


LONDON SHOP PROP- 
ERTY TRUSTiAccepzances 
have been received in respect 
of approximately 90 per cent 
of the new conversion stock 
offered by way of rights. 
COURTNEY POPE HOLD- 
INGS: An interim dividend of 
3 5p (3p) payable on May 16 
has been declared. Turnover 
for the half year to November 
tu 30 (figures in £000) was 22.836 

founding I (22.040) and net profit before 
business j tax 1,005 (800). Earnings per 
share were l2.72p(I3.18pL 
PERICOM: The chairman 
told the annua! meeting that 
the company had purchased 
minority shareholding in 
Pericom Inc. The American 
partners will continue to run 
the company as a wholly- 


UK oil policy not against EEC law 


sponsored by Hill SamucL is owned subidiary of Pericom* 
looking for a more ambitious NORTHERN AMERICAN 


care which, according to the 
prospectus, will ‘•provide a 
comfortable, dignified and 
congenial environment where 


elderly, infirm, disabled or quoted Health Care Services 
handicapped persons may live under which Health Care will 


independent lives in the take a fee of 

knowledge that the suppwi administrative, accounting by way of a pfc™ of one 

' wh,ch , n *l u,re 3"d secretarial services in the million ordina^shares al 
are always available " first year. , .C: 

Aspiring investors should Guardian Care, advised by lea £ationo?Ne^M Hot«e 
note that the founder directors Douglas J Townley & Co, of f^odero offiwbuSdiMm 
have transferred their existing Bolton, is seeking up to £2 GlSSwT g ,n 

business into the BES com- million to expand its nursing e WTARRV- A diviA-nri of 
pany in return for the issue of home activities. 35 

shares at their 50p par value. Takare is lookine to raise tm ^ 1 in their standard contracts 

Outside shareholders air be- tt, £2jS Sion towSKS :^5 I <*«■ epon- 

iug asked to pay *2 Op. . operate specialist 

^r csmiMcs ^ awMSSK 


_ ... .... — .TRUST: The company has 

residential and nursing! repaid its S5 million three- 
homes. I month fixed loan and bor- 

rowed another $5 million for 
two m o nths. 

£25 ‘ 000 . for £1.328 million after expenses 


residential and nursing 
homes. 

The company has signed an 
agreement with the USM- 


Co and UTC Securities Man- 
agement 


uaiaquest: Mr Malcolm ■ •_ - _ _ 

of European operations. Bid to liberalize power 

Jrijsgaf Sx industry ‘has failed’ 

Schter has become deputy v 

chairman in succession to By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

re^iwSTi toSto**? .^Qwerament attempts to current pricing conditions are 
Craem* CilriirK* liberalize foe dectnci ty supply economically efficient 

industry ** aUowmg 'private “The creation ofa market in 

bSne? companies to set up power electricity mav, therefore, only 

deoutv chairman P KCUXrft: stations under the 1983 Ener- be feasible if a more fundi 
aeputy chairman. . gy Act have largely failed, mental restructuring of the 

Standard Chartered Bank: according to the Institute for electricity supply industry is 


deputy chairman. 

Standard Chartered Bank: 
Sir Frank Ereaat has beert 
appointed a director of the 
subsidiary. Standard Char- 
tered Bank (C I). i 

B & R Taylor Group of 
Companies: Mr I tam Fergn-i 
son has been appointed group 
financial director. Air Clifford! 
AfflSck. group technical direc-l 
tor and a director of Taylotj 
Hi tec, becomes deputy man-j 
aging director of two principal! 
subsidiaries,- B & R Taylor and} 
Taylec. 


according to the Institute for electricity supply industry is 
Fiscal Studies. implemented. Certainly in the 

The institute said the Ener- Present situation restructuring 
gy Act was flawed and left the J 5 required if competition is to 
incumbent electricity supply J* “ ,creased without adding 
industry with effective control farther to excess capacity." 
of price and entry conditions. Private power generation in 

2sa i -s - I s^aa 

£? ^ ^ companies and to st&tob and 

y —here smaB generators 

discourage enny. It said. have been insulted. 

“ It should be acknowledged No privately generated 
that an argument could be power is fed into the ration al 
made for saying that the grid. 



Manchester Business School 

EXECUTIVE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME 



FOR OUTSTANDING MANAGERS AGED 32 -4fi YEARS. 

The core - a rigorous practical training ih Marketing. Finance and Human Skills - is linked to 
live General Management Consulting Projects inside actual organisations. 

Close tutorial feedback, free choice options and personal tuition are traditions of the Programme. 
For details, complete the following and return to: Jean McDonald. Administrator EDC, Manchester Business 
School. FREEPOST, |no stamp required), Manchester MIS 5DA. Tel: 061-273 8228 Ext 743 Telex: 668354. 

Name — Company 

Position Address 


CONTRIBUTES EFFECTIVELY TO CORPORATE PERFORMANCE^ 


Bulk OO (Zag) AC v Sen 
International Ltd and San 03 
Trading Company 
Case 1 74/84 

Before Lord Mackenzie Stuart. 
President and Judges K. 
Bahimann. G. Bosco. T. 
koopmans, O. Due. Y. Galrnoi 
and C- Kakouris 
Advocate General Sir Gordon 
Slynn 

{Judgment given February I8J 
The United Kingdom policy 
whose effect was to prevent 
exports of crude oil of United 
Kingdom origin to Load was 
not contrary’ to the agreement 
between the EEC and Israel or to 
any other provision of Commu- 
nity law. 

Since January 1979 it was UK 
policy to authorize the exporta- 
tion of oil of UK origin only to 
member states of die EEC. 
member states of the Inter- 
national Energy Agency and. 
countries with which there was, 
before 1979. an “existing pat- 
tern of trade’' (specifically, Fin- 
land). 

That policy had never been 
incorporated in legislation or in 
any legal instrument whatsoever 
but had been made public on 
several occasions by govern- 
ment statements. 

Since 1979 oil companies, in 
particular British Petroleum, 
had inserted a destination clause 

acquire and j figures in rand 000, turnover I me oil to a destination other 

ii< re «in\ *»- I ihan one of the states mentioned 

above. 

By a contract concluded in 
April 1981 the defendant agreed 
to sell to the plaintiff substantial 
quantities of British North Sea 
crude oiL The contract con- 
tained a clause in the following 
terms: “destination: destination 
free but always in line with 
exporting country’s government 
policy”. 

After the defendant ted be- 
come aware that the intended 
destination of the oil was Israel, 
BP. the supplier of the oil, 
refused to load it on to the ship 
nominated by Bulk, on the 
ground that delivery to Israel 
was contrary to UK policy. 

Bulk made a claim against 
Sun, arguing that it was entitled 
under the contract to oblige Sun 
to have the oil loaded for 
delivery to Israel, asserting thar . 
in any event. Sun could not rely 
on UK policy. 

The dispute was referred to 
arbitration, on the issue whether 
the UK policy was in confor- 
mity with the EEC Treaty and 
the agreement between the EEC 
and Israel. 

In his award the arbitrator . 
held that the EEC-lsrae) Agree- 
mem did not cover quantitative 
restrictions on exports and that < 
the exportation of crude oil was 
not within the ambit of the 
Treaty or of that agreement He 
therefore held that Bulk was in 
breach of contract, -and, in his i 
final award, he assessed the i 
damages due from Bulk to Sun i 
at more than US S 12 million. I 
Bulk appealed against that j 
.award and the Commercial t 
Court of the Queen’s Bench i 
Division referred a number of i 
questions to the Court of Justice i 
of the European Communities 
Lor a preliminary ruling. : 

In its judgment the European ; 
’Court of Justice held as follows: i 
It had first to be pointed out s 
that the implementation of a i 
policy whose specific object was c 
to impose quantitative rcstric- $ 
lions on exports to non-member c 
countries was to be regarded as a t 
measure having an effect t 
equivalent to such restrictions. c 
Such a policy or practice did t 
not escape the prohibitions laid b 


down by Community law sim- 
ply because it was not incor- 
porated in decisions bunding on 
undertakings. 

Even measures adopted by 
the government of a member 
State which did not have binding 
effect might be capable of 
influencing ifae conduct of 
undertakings in that state and 
thus of frustrating the aims of 
the Community. 

Article 3 of the agreement 

expressly prohibited any new 

quantitative restriction on im- 
ports or measures having 
equivalent effect. With regard to 
exports, on the other hand, 
article 4 simply prohibited the 
introduction of new customs 
duties or charges having equiva- 
lent effect. 

Neither that article nor any 
other provision of the EEC- 
lsrael Agreement expressly 
prohibited quantitative restric- 
tions on exports or measures 
hairing equivalent effect on 
trade between the Community 
and IsraeL 

As Sun. the UK and the 
Commission correctly con- 
tended, it had to be concluded 
that the agreement laid no 
obligation on the Community or 
on the member states with 


Further questions asked by 
die national court were to be 
understood essentially as 
requesting the Court's assis- 
tance on the following two 
point5oflaw: 

( 1 ) Was the UK prohibited from 
adopting a policy such as that in 
question by any other pro- 
visions of the Teaiy? 

(2) Was it necessary for such a 
policy to be notified to or 
approved by the Community 
institutions before its im- 
plementation. and if so, what 
were the consequences? 

It had to be pointed out that 
article 34 of the Treaty con- 
cerned national measures which 
ted as their specific object or 


It had to be pointed out. 
however, that that obligation. io 
which all member stales were 
subject under the provisions 
referred to. concerned only the 
institutional relationship be-: 
tween a member stale and the 
Community and the other 
member states. 

In proceedings before na- 
tional courts natural or legal 
persons could not attack a 
policy or measure adopted by a 
member state on the basis lhau 
the member state had failed to 
fulfil its obligation to inform the: 
other member stales and the. 
Commission beforehand. Such 
a failure therefore did not create 
individual rights which national 


effect the restriction of patterns co ^ s ! ° Protect- 


or expons and thereby the 
establishment of a difference in 
treatment between the domestic 
trade of a member state and its 
export trade in such a way as to 
provide a particular advantage 
for national production or for 
the domestic market of the state 
in question at the expense of the 


On those grounds the Euro- 
pean Court of Justice ruled: 

I The agreement of May 20.; 
1975 between the European 
Economic Community and the 
State of Israel did not prohibit, 
the imposition of new quanti- 
tative restrictions or measure 
having equivalent effect on 


production or of the trade of exports from a member state to 


other member states. 

Thai was not true of a policy 
such as that in question. Such a 
policy which applied only to 


regard to the introduction or exports to certain non-member 
abolition of quantitative rcstric- countries, did not specifically 


loss on foreign exchange to 

287 (nil). 

GREEN PROPERTY CO: A 
dividend of lrl.5p is forecast 
for 1985. With figures in 
Ir£Q00.nei rents rose to 1,770 
(993) and pretax profit to 935 
(loss 54). 

UNITED GLASS HOLD- 
INGS: With figures in £000, 
turnover for the year to No- 
vember 30 rose to 193,76 
(I81,931)and trading profit to 
15.071 (12,615). 
STOCKLAKE HOLDINGS: 
An interim dividend of 3p 
(same), payable on April 4, has 
been declared. With figures in 
£000, turnover for the six 
months to September 30 was 
11,680 (11,827), group profit 
before tax I.87I (1,556) and 
tax 9 19 (845). Earning per 
share rose to 22.6p (16.9p). 
WILLIAM JACKSON AND 
SON: Results for the 26 weeks 
to October 26 (figures in £00) 
show turnover at 81,047 
(74,409) and pretax profit at 
772 (880). Earnings per share 
were down to 17.43p (3 i.53p). 




t>ons on exports or measures 
having equivalent effect. 

By the second pan of its first 
question the national court 
asked in essence whether 
Regulation No 2603/69 of the 
Council of December 20. 1969 
establishing common rules for 
expons ted to be interpreted as 
permitting the implementation 
of a policy such as that in issue 
with regard to oil exports. 

It had to be recalled that. 


affect exports to other member 
states and was not intended to 
provide a particular advantage 
for national production or for 
the domestic market of the 
member state in question. 

A measure such as that in 
question which was specifically 
directed at expons of oil to a 
non-member country was not in 
itself likely to restrict or distort 
competition within the Com- 
mon Market It could not 


according to article 113 (1) of therefore affect trade within the 


the Treaty the common 
commercial policy was to be 
based on uniform principles, 
particularly with regard to 
changes in tariff rates, the 


Community and infringe arti- 
cles 3(f), 5 and 85 of the Treaty. 

With regard to the existence 
of an obligation to provide 
information, to give prior notice 


conclusion of tariff and trade to or to seek the prior approval 
agreements, the achievement of of the Community authorities 
uniformity in measures of lib- and to consult with them before 
eratization. export policy and adopting any measure am end- 


measures to protect trade. 


ing roles governing exports to 


Since full responsibility in the non-member countries, it for- 
matter of commercial policy lowed from the combined pro- 


bad been trasnferred to the 
Community by article 113(1) 
measures of commercial policy 


visions of various Council 
decisions that, even after the 
end of the transitional period 


of a national character were only and the adoption of Regulation 
permissible after the end of the No 2603/69, member states 
transitional period by virtue of were obliged to inform the other 


specific authorization by the member states and the Commis- 
Comm unity. sion before making anv changes 


sion before "miring any changes 


Article 1 of Regulation No in their rules on exports to non- 
2603/69 laid down the general member countries. 


PROFIT RESPONSIBILITY/ : 
GENERAL MANAGEMENT 


rule that exports from the 
Community to non-member 
countries were free, that is to 
say. not subject to quantitative 
restrictions, with the exception 
of those applied in accordance 
with the provisions of that 
regulation. 

Article 10 of the regulation 
limited the scope of that prin- 
ciple on a transitional basis with 
regard to certain products, until 
such lime as the Council should 
have established common rules 
applicable to them; it provided 
that the principle of freedom of 
export from the Community did 
not apply to the products fisted 
in the annex which included oil. 

It had therefore to be held that 
article 10 of Regulation No 
2603/69 and the annex to that 
regulation constituted a specific 
authorization permitting the 
member states io ‘ impose 
quantitative restrictions on ex- 
ports of oil to non-member 
countries, and there was no need 
to distinguish in that regard 
between previously existing 
quantitative restrictions and 
those which had subsequently 
been introduced. 


A member state which failed 
to give prior notice, delayed in 
doing so or did so in an 
inadequate manner foiled to 
fulfil ns obligations under the 
combined provisions of the 
Council decisions of October 9, 
1961. September 25. 1962 and 
September 16, 1969. 


Israel. 

2 Regulation No 2603/69 of the 
Council of December 20, 1969 
establishing common rules for 
exports did not prohibit a- 
m ember state from imposing; 
new quantitative restrictions or 
measures having equivalent ef- 
fect on its exports of oil to non- 
member countries. 

3 Articles 34 and 85 of the 
Treaty, upon their proper 
construction, did not prevent a 
member state from adopting a. 
policy restricting or prohibiting - 
exports of oil to a non-member' 
country, on the basis of article 
10 of Regulation No 2603/69. 

4 Article 4 of the Council 
decision of October 9, 1961. in 
conjunction with the Council 
decision of September 25. 1962 
and article IS of the Council 
decision ofSeptember 16, 1969, 
required a member state 
contemplating a change in the 
state of liberalization of its 
exports to non-member coun- 
tries to give prior notice to the 
other member states and the 
Commission. 

A member state which failed 

10 give prior notice; delayed in 
doing so or did so in an 
inadequate manner failed to 
fulfil its obligations under the a 
Council decisions referred iol 
that foil ure did not. however,- 
create individual rights which 
national courts bad to protect. 

5 The fact that no Community 
institution challenged the legal- 
ity of a policy adopted by a 
member state could not in itself 
have any effect on the 
compatibility with Community 
law of a policy imposing quanti- 
tative restrictions on exports of 

011 to non-member countries or. 
consequently, on the reply to be 
given to the questions raised by 
the national court. 


Law Report February 25 1986 


Clerk has duty to note 
oral evidence 


Gray » Gray 

It was the duty of the clerk to 
the justices to record the oral 
evidence given in domestic 
proceedings, Mrs Justice Heil- 
bron stated in the Family re- 
vision on February 18, when 
allowing an appeal from 
Cheshunt Justices who had 
refused to vary children's orders 
on the application of the former 
husband. 


HER LADYSHIP said that 
the failure to record any of the 
oral evidence given during a 
four-hour hearing ted meant 
that both sides were at a 
disadvantage on the appeaL 

The court had no option but 
to allow the appeal and remit 
the matter to a fresh panel of 
justices for a rehearing. 


VICKERS IN 1985 




A YEAR OF INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT 
AND SIGNIFICANT PROFIT GROWTH 


XTunmver on contmuing businesses rose 
from£503.6mtQ£602~3m and profit before 
taxation by 46 percen t from £30.8m to £45. 1m. 
Taxation increased from £4.4m to £U.4m 
due to more subsidiary companies* profits 
becoming taxable. The resulting profit after 
tax of £33. 7m is an increase <rf28 percent 

AD key businesses improved profitability 
with the excepti on of Marine Engineering, 
where substantial costs on development and 
pre-production of new products were written 
off during the year. 

An important feature of 1985 was the 
acquisition of new bus in ess es to add to the 
strength of those within the Company. These 
acquisitions were facilitated by thesuccess of 
toe Company's divestment programme m 
which the major part of the property portfolio 
was sold and BAJ Vickers, VTckerS Da wsoo 
and our interesthi Comsteei Vkkent were 
divested. 

Acquisitions made daring toe year 
included Comfmto. the hading European 
manufacturer of office seating and Teca, the 
US distributor of Vickers ckdxotnyograpby 
equipment. Both bring significant benefits to 
the prisons of which they now fonn post . 

particular emphasis in 1985 was given to 
hj vestment, innovation and new product 
development. The programme inctaried some 
£17 million spent on R&.D. Such investment is 
essential to maintain product superiority and 
ensure profitable growth in woridmarfcets. 

In view of the continuing improvement in 
results the Board is recommending a 
dividend of8pper£l Ordinary Stock, making 
a to tal of I3p for the year , all net of tax credit 
compared to a total of lOp for 1984. 

MOTORCARS 

' £ 175.8m (£W.2m) 
Profit befmvmtmsi £J7Jm (£14: fm) 

l*W5 was a year of strong demand for 

Kolb-Royoe Motors, boosted by the 
successful launch of [he new Bentley Turbo 
R model with sales and profits surpassing 

I9W levels. The USA is still toe largest 

in - ■ ■ — . market, and 


UK sales continue to improve. 

A close balance was maintained between 
production and sales. Expenditure on 
existing and new product development was 
increased. Productivity gains were achieved 
at both Crewe and Muiiiner Park Ward. 

LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING 
PLATES AND SUPPLIES 


Safer 

Profit before interest 


Howson- Algraphy had a good year ■ 
-with further growth in market share and 
increased sales in virtually ail markets. 
Despite competitive pressures, margins . . 
were maintained. 

Intbe UK. Howson-Algraphy is strongly 
placed to take advantage of technological 
changes now taking place in the newspaper . 
printing industry. Significantly improved 
performances were reported hy both the 
US and Canadian subsidiaries- Sales and 
profitability improved in Europe. 

Continued emphasis on R& D will ensure 


lixaddtaaaniSlhi^m'iiir pown/iB jViari. Hon-tw*- 
A^mpfnmamlnmrr>amnnri4pnireinnnn^tifinM. 

BUSINESS EQUIPMENT " 


Safes ■ 

Profit before mtereht 


04.7* (iMJ.Hra) 
£&2a (£2.7*) 


yuR&Rolxen^car-pndfofBnum. 

rtir, 


The acquisition of I he internal ionalty 
successful Comfort o Group, with factories 
in West Germany. Swjizcrlitnd and the USA 
ensures a major presence in Europe and 
provides access to the L>S market. 

Comforto traded well m the pewt 
acquisition period and ended 1 l .Qi> with u 
strong ortierhook. 

Vickers Furniture had another scry 
successful year with continued profit growth. 
Thc.ncw System E ‘hi screen-based furniture 
won major orders. C'.A. Parsons nil rcland 
was acquired to provide, u base in the 


Republicof Ireland. Extra UK 
manufacturing capacity Ls planned to 
maintain market leadership. Vickers Roneo 
Fra nee is pursuing an investment programme 
to improve cost competitiveness. 


£1 18.2m tfira.fim) 
£ll.5m (£1(1. 2m) 


Cunrhmpi 
,yfKrsr\umc 
rrpmntlsilir 
epuetnri't 
tpuiluvand 
i vmliirt 


MARINE ENGINEERING 


Sa/n 

Profit before interest 


£70.6ia (£f>3 2m) 
£4.5m ffti.Um) 



A record sales year, although profits were 
depressed by high’product development 
costs. Brown Brothers delivered its first 
crown mounted compensator. John Hastie 
gained its first orders for the new orbital 
crane product. 

Miehcli Bearings made strong progress 
and contributed to profits. Stone Vickers 
Ltd supplied the first production units 
of its retractable azimuthing thrusters to 
Mitsui for (he world's largest heavy lift 
crane bafge. 

Vickers Japan opened new 
manufacturing facilities . Jered 
Brown Brothers made a major UJI 
trading contribution with 
sales to the US Navy. r iff-' 

The US Navy ako 
commissioned from • 

SOFEClncthc jTSfS' 1 

‘ firsl rapidly deploy- 

able single point \ 

mooring system, j ^ 

Stow \ irifA Kfl aSSIk V-aJj } 

K-nbJfratWFniltf '\JT" #S -■ • W2L? 
dnifH iPhtiYiHluraiw \. 'fi •- _ 

i^VwhkWb/W/i&S ' 

DEFENCE AND AEROSPACE 


.VuA-' 

Pntfil he1»rrMIi-rr\t 


£6.2ib (t'n.Hmj 


Aycarnl strong development fur Defence 
Systems Division. The most significant 
Order was from ihe Ministrvof Defence 


Tkr lir/m Mk ~’umk trhnrftoranne comportmujrnrn 
Knuu WjTf.i.ij Wtsj lA-muny 

for the design, development and 
production of Challenger tank armoured 
repair and recovery vehicles. In addition 
to manufacturing turrets for the Warrior 
tracked infantry combat vehicle, the 
Division is also converting a number 
of Chieftain tanks to armoured bridge 
layers. 

Internal ional collaboration activity was 
extended in 1985 to include projects with 
West Germany. Brazil. USA and China. 
The Vickers Valkyr underwent successful 
user trials. 

Precision Components Division, makers 
of gas turbine components, again expanded 
sales volume and exports. Machining and 
fabrication sales reached record levels but 
foundry results were depressed. 

MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC 
EQUIPMENT 


£/fes 

Profit behVf mieresi 


£34.4m 1C 6.7m) 

£4.0(a 1 13. 2m | 


MS was a year of expansion with ihree 
acquisitions. The most significant. Teca 
Corporation, manufactures neorodiagnosiic 
equipment 3nd also distributes Medelec 
products in the USA. 

Vickers Instruments (Canada), 
manufacturer of electron microscopes, 
provides a logical extension to Vickers 
optica! mit rome asuremc m technology. The 
third acquisition. Etudes et Constructions 
Elcctromecanique* et Mcdicales. SA will 
distribute Medclec and Teca products in 
France. 

Medclcc maintained it?, world leadership 
in elect rorm ography with further sales of the 
Myttin system. 

Vickers Medical sales Were adversely 
affected hy «omc reduction in healthcare 
spending hut plans are underway to broaden 
both product and geographical market bases 
and ucLcicratc RAiD. 

Vickers Inst rumcniscnniinuediodcvckip 
Quaestor, an automated mkromeasuremeni 
system for the semiconductor industry. 


Sales to the fibre optic and magnetic head 
industries are buoyant and a new automated 
head-gap measurement system has been 
introduced, 

Joyce- Loch l enjoyed a successful year for 
image ana lysis. systems. Sales were buoyant 
in world markets, i ndudine China. 



'Ouamitr' pmi-hies uuhjmiaeJ measurement andirapecmn 
ofthrsiiicon ho lerstfi n-hifb niti mdapsarepniwd. 

OTHER ACTIVITIES ~ 


Sates 

Pn fit before interest 


£49.)m i £4). Km) 
£2.5m (ill 5m loss) 


PRINTING & PACKAGING MACHINERY 

Crabtree Vickers Leeds consolidated its 
1984 recovery with increased profits. 

Development of theCivilox newspaper 
inking system has established a major 
growth area. Crabtree Vickers Gateshead 


RESULTS IN BRIEF 

Sales 

Profit before taxation 

Profit after taxation 

Stockholders' profit 

Dividends 

Profit retained 

Earnings per f 1 of Ordinary Stock 


again improved output and profits but orders 
were below expectations. 

DESIGN AND PROJECTS 

The Division tuid a difficult year but 
traded profitably and maintained a healthy 
order book at the year end. New projects 
included orders from Japan and Honu Kone. 
and the final stages of existing key contracts 
were reached. Prospects in the USA for 
aircraft component test equipment are 
encouraging. 

MACHINE TOOLS 

Kearney & Trecker Marwin returned 
to profitability wit ha major upturn in 
orders following the introduction of new 
technology, which helped secure significant 
new business. Partnerships with Siemens 
and Mitsubishi have greatly strengthened 
global market ing capability and orders have 
been won from Jaguar. Case International 
and Citroen. 

AUSTRALIAN ASSOCIATE 

Comsteei Vickers returned to 
profitability in the second half of lygS. 

At the turn of the year the Vickers’ 

38 percent shareholding was sold, a move 
which reflects Vickers corporate strategy 
of concentrating resources on key business 


611.2 

45.1 

33.7 

42.2 
12.4 

29.8 
56.3p 


19&4 

£m 

528.8 

30.8 

2UA 

16.4 

9.6 

6.8 

28.6p 


VICKERS P.L C. POBOX 177M1LLBANKTOWERMILLBANK LONDON SWIP^RA 

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■ Amstrad is expected to launch a 
more powerful version of its £450 word 

processor soon In an attempt to boost 

appeal to offices. But mainstream busi- 
ness mterocomputer dealers are un- 
likely to welconre an era of cheaper 

machines, according to a survey by 
the consultancy Context Seventy three 
per cent of 370 dealers polled said 
they had no Interest to selling "a product 
like Amstrad 's PCW 8256”. 

The slump in computer safes has 
caused problems for computer dealers 
and many obviously fear mat low-price 
computers will only make their situation 
worse. Only 9 per cant of those ques- 
tioned sakfthey would be interested In 
selfing such products. With a dear de- 
mand for computers K<e the Amstrad it is 
high street stores which welcome the 
new machines that wOl benefit 

■ A computer game developed at the 
University of Bradford is being used to 
beat young children with defective vi- 
sion. It uses an alternating black and 
white and checkerboard to help ex- 
ercise eyes where, for example, a child 

has one eye which sees dearly and 
one which does not producinga blurred 
image at me back of the eye. 17w brain 

may Ignore the image from the defective 
eye so it will not develop. This con- 


Uncertain welcome for Ams trad launch 


UE events 



drtion, called amblyopia, can be treated, 
say the researchers at Bradford, by 
covering the good eye with an eyapatcb 
and providing a game whore random 
letters have to ba remembered and then 
entered into a keyboard. 

As a reward tor getting them right the 
chad Is allowed to play a short computer 
game. With the help of pupils at 
rkrimfirth High School the program has 
now been converted tor use on BBC 
micros. 

I Optical las®- discs are being used 
by the Commonwealth Agricultural Bu- 
reau (CAB) to store Information rang- 
ing from toot and mourn disease to rice 
crop breeding programmes. Each disc 

can hold the equivalent of 200,000 pages 
of A4 type or two volumes of the 
Encyclopaedia Britarmica. Prices for the 
equipment, using a Digital Equipment 
computer, start at £2CC0Q0. “1 befieve that 
systems such as this are a major 
benefit mat Western technology can offer 
toe Third World,” said Red Jones of 
CAB. 


Fierce competition from low-priced 






“I developed a cheap, ultra-powerful, 
high density logic chip, no tagger than 
a pin ^ead — and they lost it” 

imitation products has forced a prominent 
dfettbutor of Apple computers to 

to stop sales. Shne Darby Sys- 
sote dbtributor of the 


Apple computers in 



Singapore ss wen as the region, said 
the decision to stop sales foBowed in- 
surmountable problems in establishing 
Apple machines in the face of low-priced 
pirate counterfeits and compatibles. 
While a basic Apple 11 starter system is 
quoted at about $2,000 (£650), a look- 
alike could be easily found at about $800. 

■ The Conxtex international software * 
show and conference, previously held to 
Amsterdam, wiB be transferred to Ntoe 
from this year end wilt take place from . 
June 10 to 12. Several hundred exhib- 
itors wffi come from Europe, North Amer- 
ica, Japan and Taiwan, says the 
organizer. Interface Group, which also 
runs simflar events in the united 
States, Japan and Austrafia. 

■ Jaguar Cars Is using interactive 
video discs to famSarfze its employees 
with robotics. The discs provide short 
visual sequences illustrating the prin- 
ciples of robotics, interspersed with 
questions to test the student’s com- 
prehension. Produced by the National 
Computing Centre in conjuncttori with 


Jaguar, it has been sponsored by the 
Manpower Services Commission and the 
Department of Trade and Industiy- 
The new course wifi soon be available to 
other organizations with a training 
requirement to industrial robotics. 

■ The computer industry now ha&fts 
own verstonof Who’s Wha Though the 
two paperback volumes are somewhat 
less qrand than the august orignal, the 
publisher, input Typesetting, saysits 
8,000 entries cover a group of people , 
responsible for more man £406nwcto 
worth of computer equipment Who's . 
Who in Comnrtng costs £65 -further 
Information from 01-543 7011. . 


Cadpro 86. ffovotet. H amro e rewim . 
London VW5,fodbyunt3TtUtfsday (tH -690 
3618) 

Dexpo Europe 86. Otymptg 2. London, 

March 4-6 (01-403 1^73) 

Atari Computer Show, Novotel, 
Hammersmith, London W6, March 7-9 


toad Computer Show, NewCen- 
HaB, Man c hester. March 22-23 (061- 


Informationi 


SI-543 7011. 


■ ApoBo Computers Is promising to 
bridge the gap between personal comput- 
ers and the expensive workstations 
with advanced graphics used fbren- ' 
omeerirw and scientific applications. . 
its new Series 3000 unit which starts at 
£Si300 for a bteckand white version 
and £14JX)0 for colour is, says Rex Btagg 

of AdoBo, "the first personal 

station for technical professionals”. 


info 86, CHympla, London, March 24- 
27 (01-547 lOOt) 

' ComputerAideoDes^nandManufac- 
turtog Exhtoftion, National Exhibition Cen- 
tra, Birmingham, April 8-10 
Scottish Computer Show, Scottish Ex- 
hibition Centre, Glasgow, April 15:17(01- 
891 5051) 

Computing Recruitment Pair, Novotel, 
Hammersmitfj. London WB, Aprfl 18-ig 
(0853858811) 

Commodore Show, Novotel. Hammer- ' 

. smith, London W6, May 9-11, (061-458 


Overseas 


Cebtt 86, Hanover Fair Complex, West 
Germany, March 12-19 


eo 



• re 


Sandpiper 


consumer 


By Matthew May 
A computerized simulator 
that will predict bow consum- 
ers will react to companies' 







J ' 

I.L; r 

T * i *• 

0 II 


J". , 


~i ’■ ■ ^ n l* V - * 


We leave that to BT. 

We market, install and main tain business telecom- 
munications systems from 2 extensions upwards. 

And we think we do it bettec 

i After all, we ’ve had 15 years experience ofsperialisinein 
business telecoms. 

And since the Telecommunications Act gave business a 
choice, business has increasingly chosen Norton. 

After BT, we are the biggest supplier of mid-size 
business telephone systems in Britain. We’ve reached that 
number two position by offering businessmen the equipment 
and service they want. 

Telecommunications have come a long way since your 
system was installed. Make sure your next one is from Norton. 



NORTON 

TELECOMMUNICATIONS 


— tWiJAIWUra 

Nonon Telecommunications Group Pic, 341 Chy Road. London EC1V 1LJ Teh 01-278 0404 Telex: 27177 Faa. 01-833 3859 



a new service from Sandpiper 
Services. Described as a 
database of consumer, atti- 
tudes and intentions, it will 
answer questions such as what 
consumers would do if they 
saw a particular pack design 
on a supermarket shelf; how 
they might respond to a new 
advertising campaign, or the 
effect on a company's sales of 
a competitor launching a simi- 
lar product 

The service will be split into 
different product groups with : 
the first, aimed at car manu- 
facturers, already having 
gained nearly £900,000 worth 
of business, says Sandpiper, 
since its launch at the begin- 
ning of this year. Austin 
Rover, Font General Motors 
and Nissan have subscribed to I 
the system which is likely to I 
cost customers a minimum of ! 

£10,000. I 

A second system dealing I 
with personal finance and I 
aimed at banks, building sod- j 
eties and insurance com panies I 
has just been launched with { 
Anglia as the first subscriber. ] 
The service was developed I 
from a simulator called Scribe I 
which produced a model of I 
consumers' attitudes for indS- 1 
vidual companies. The I 
database used is compiled by I 
interviewing consumers. In I 
the case of the car system 1 
5,000 were questioned and the I. 
survey covers both rational ] 
and irrational aspects off 
consumers’ behaviour. f 
Sandpiper says that only 50 1 
percent of sales variations are I 
due to rational or for mal I 
reasons. So it includes ques-l 
tions such as; If a m an from] 
General Motors walked I 
through your front door what I : 
would you expect him to look ] i 
“Ice? ■ | 

One of the advantages cited I 1 
for using computer-based sim- 1 j 
ulation packages is their abili-l 
ty to construct “hypothetical j * 
alternative future scenarios”. I “ 
But the company would not be] 
diawn on what its system has| 
to say about consumer atti-l 
tudes to a hypothetical take-1 
over of pans of British] 
Ley land by a foreign competi-f j 







Homework: Ann Edwards, a maternity networker,at home with ber workstation in 
Harefield, Middlesex; taken from the book Networking m Organizations 

Now for armchair memos 

particularly in working oat 
oew relationships with old 
colleagaes. 

ww w unanes nanny, The company had feared 

re been preaching for some avoided if foe executive was ***** some netwoikers would 
e foal the micro mil change independent and worked bam and that they would feel 
nature of work. We wffl all home. ' isolated. Neither has so for 

■k from home sending The company also -fond .happened,^ 
nos to oar offices by elec* that professional staff' were The mam problem was n- 
iic mafl. saying to thorn "Tell me what ^“^Notsody had thought 

be office Modes of foe city yon want, when yon ware it, R necessary to brain foe team 
ties will be deserted as the standards by whidi yon - . negotiated the 
km telecommute out in wffl judge- foe wmfc xnd the networkers* contracts and ad- 

KltbinrlK TTio Ian, «« t ■ j ' u . n min faJ lM m J tin! , tv. 


By Richard Sarson 
Managemen t theorists, such 
as Alvin Toffier, Norman 
Macrae and Charles Handy, 
have been preaching for some 
time that the micro will change 
foe nature of work. We wffl all 
work from home sending 
memos to oar offices by elec- 
tronic mafL 

The office Modes of the city 
centres will be deserted as 
workers telecommute out In 
the suburbs. The large corpo- 
rations will split into networks 
of co-operating homeworkers. 

The practice behind the 
theory is described in a book 
. published last month, 
Naworkingia Organizations. 
It is abovt a contimring experi- 
ment started in 1981 by Rank 
Xw»x to let executives set up 
m business on their own as 
netwoikers and then sell their 
services to the company. The 
oetworicers spend about half a 
day each week at Rank Xerox 
and keep In tench electronical- 
ly. 

The company <fid this partly ; 
to reduce overheads. An em- j 
ployee anting £10,000 needs 
£17,000 in office space - and ' i 
other oncosts that could be s 


value of it — fast don’t tell me then progress. The 

how to domy job.” They would team woe confused by fodr 
•be happier aid mme effective "•h- They became reseat- 

ontride the bnreaaofacy. . ml of the media interest in the 
There ’ are now 54 The networkers 

networkera, six of vriiom are ran nngNround them in fixing 
women. They come from the pn ees y d became more adept 
marketing, finance, personnel gl ^wri ting the compoto- net- 
and im i ww pirf avrirM work, 
teams. John Drew, one of the T* 1 ® Betworkcis themselves 
authors of the book, was “f***’* % work harder now 
director erf corpo rate affairs they dM under foe empo- 
before he becamea netwotker. f**® nrabrefla.-And, became 
He is now also ji part-time *** P*«l for the fruits of 
director of Touche Boss. *?*»«■, not just for 

Networkers describe their »» many hoars, their 

financial, legal, te chnological w ® r * t * jas htore sharpness and 
and personal proMems since quality, 
goiiig out on their own. The • Networking in Organize 
wtves, hnsbaads and children lions - the Bank Xerox Ex- 
have their say. It has been a periment. is published by 
straw® for some networkers, Gower Publishing. £19.50. 


The bad news for hackers 


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INFO *86 is about automating your 
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Organising communications effectively. 
Keeping records secure. Chasing stow 
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I For those companies con- 
cerned about the possibility of 
unauthorized access to their 
computer systems, which can 
range from teenage hackers to 
sophisticated financial fraud, 
there is now a monthly news- 
letter that specializes in the 
field. 

Information Security Moru- 
tor describes its field as high 
technology fraud and piracy 
issues and is collecting details' 
on computer fraud in the City. 

The current issue includes a 
case history by a reformed 
amateur hacker, now a profes- 
sional computer consultant, 
started his career having 
discovered that lagging on to 
one system as Field and using 
the password Service would 
give access to the passwords of 
every user. 

.Many computer systems 
still have a few users with 
simple or obvious passwords. 


By Matthew: May 

such as 1234, that are a boon 
to those up to no. good. 

A more complex example is 
the so-called dumb trap where 
the hacker writes a program 
that simulates the log on 
sequence of a company main- 
frame. 

When a legitimate user 
enters a logon code and pass- 
word • the information is 
placed in a file for later 
inspection by the hacker. 


So for the publication, 
which costs £155 a year, has 
about 100 subscribers, includ- 
es b ank s and b uilding societ- 
ies. 

And proving that truth is 
often stranger than fiction, the 
co-director of foe publishers, 
Broadway Publications, is one 
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Further information: td 0733 
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mftKT SUSHIS Seasons and EsJnbits. 

















THE TIMES TUESDAY FEBRII arv 25 1986 




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ss work the machine is really having to do. A€| 

POV- January 1986 J ~J 


TbereTs a lot of talk about the new Apricot XEN. 
Experts, normally restrained in their praise, 

. befcoming unusually enthusiastic. 

Phrases like “in a league of its own” and 
incredible vplue for. money” are being used. 

So why is Apricot XEN so special? 

Because of its astonishing performance, for 

thing. Apricot XEN has come out on top in every 
test so far. Irian article measuring computer power; 
the Guardian decided that something called 
“processor memory bandwidth” was the most 
accurate yardstick. Naturally, Apricot XEN achieved 
the highest score, even bearing one of the leading 
minicomputer systems to the mark. 

And when you look at XEbTs storage capabilities, 
it’s dear that they are just as impressive as its 

- processing power: 

XENls diskdrives have broken all the benchmark 
records too. So whether its the XEN FD with twin 

- 720K floppy drives, or the XEN HD with a 20 
Megabyte hard disk, a XEN won't keep you waiting. 

And if, as the gentleman of the press say, the 
XEN floppy disks are faster than the IBM hard disk, 
just imagine what our hard disks 

But what has really , 
caught the imagination of 
the computer industry is 
how little this powerful 
machine costs. 




POV- January 1986 77 


With multi-tasking Microsoft Windows as 
standard, a twin floppy disk XEN FD with 5I2K or 
RAM and a monitor can cost as little as £2494 
while the XEN HD with a 720K,floppy drive, 20 
Megabyte hard disk and a full I Megabyte orRAM 
is an astonishing £3494. 

When Apricot offers this kind of value, the 
competition will have to take a long look at their own 
prices - if they expect you even to glance at them. 

Choosing even the basic XEN configuration can 
mark the beginning of a long and fruitful partnership. 

The memory of an Apricot XEN can be 
expanded to 5 Megabytes. You can add a second 20 
Megabyte hard disk. Soon, telephone and modem 
communications, and even an expansion box to 
make use of specialist IBM cards, will be available, 
as will a tape cartridge back-up system.* 

And XEN's open architecture means it can run 
on Apricot Networks, and even run as a multi-user 
system under the Xenix operating system. 

Expansion facilities like these will keep an 
Apricot XEN user sweet fora long time to come. 

And so will the back-up. Only the top. Apricot 
dealers and ComputerWorlds are allowed to sell 
XEN, so you will always have access to professional 
support 


To find out more fill in the coupon or call 
on Freefone Apricot (via the operator) and 
we'll send you a free brochure. 


Enough said? 









£ apricotX£/v 


The only 

alternative is to 

pay more for less 


Please send me a free information pack on the Apricot XEN. 
To Apricot UK Limited, FREEPOST Halesowen, 

West Midlands, B631BR. 


‘ Position 

Company. 
Address 


tipe una, Apncot XP IBM ccrtnpaiWo expansion box and telephone available Spring |9So. .Ml prices ev\2ST 


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THE TIMES TUESDAY FEBRUARY 25 1986 


COMPUTER HORIZONS/2 


By Frank Brown 

The electronic cash society 
couid become a reality for 
hank account holders in the 
1990s as a result of an 
experiment in electronic shop- 
ping which Midland Bank has 
started in Milton Keynes. 

Speedline enables shoppers 
to pay for up to £200 worth of 
goods and services a week" 
from various shops, stores and 
petrol stations in the Milton 
Keynes area, without using 
cash or cheques. They will also 
be able to draw cash from their 
bank accounts at the same 
time, providing the retailer 
has opted to offer such service. 

Instead of cheques, shop* 
pere will use their Midland. 
Oydesdale or Northern Bank 
auiocheque or autobank card, 
or their NatWest service card, 
and a process known as elec- 
tronic funds transfer at the 
point of sale. Eftpos for short. 

Speedline will also accept 
certain credit cards, including 
Access and Midland Group 
Gold Mastercards. 

To pay for a purchase the 
customer gives his card to the 
checkout assistant who slides 
it through a card reader and 
enters the amount into the 
point of sale terminal. The 
customer then enters his per- . 



sonal identification number 
(pin) on a keypad. 

Access card holders who do 
not have a pin can authorize 
the transaction by signing a 
special voucher produced by 
the terminal. 

The terminal is linked di- 
rectly to the bank’s computer 
centre in London where the 
system uses the information to 
verify the transaction elec- 
tronically. If the customer’s 
bank or credit card account 
has sufficient funds, the sys- 
tem transfers the cost of the 
goods from his account to the 
retailer’s bank account. It then 
notifies the terminal which 
produces a receipt showing the 
payment and how much of the 
weekly limit has been spenL 
The whole process takes less 
than 30 seconds without the 
need for a shop assistant to 
complete any paperwork. 

Some 30 Speedline termi- 


nals are due to be installed 
during the next few months in 
a yanety of retail outlets in 
Milton Keynes and North- 
ampton. The first, at the BP 
service station in Childs Way, 
Milton Keynes, is already in 
operation. 

Spcedline is the first experi- 
ment undertaken by the major 
UK clearing banks as a pre- 
lude to developing a national 
Eftpos network. 

The experiment is co-spon- 
sored by the Committee of 
London and Scottish clearing 
banks and is expected to run 
for at least two years. The 
results will add to 'the experi- 
ence already gained by 
Counterplus, Britain’s first 
Eftpos system, which has been 
successfully operated in Scot- 
land by Clvdesdale Bank (a 
subsidiary of the Midland) 
with BP since 1982. 

Nixdorf Computer, the 
West German company that is 
supplying the POS equipment 
for Speedline. has already 
installed retail Eftpos systems 
in Spain. Norway, Italy and 
Germany. 

Singapore has had a larger, 
comparable system in opera- 
tion for the past month - Nets 
(Network for Electronic 
Transfers). 


Running up a hi-tech bill 



From Geof Wheelwright, in Venice 

The portable computer indus- Compaq claims that the says, is IBM-compatible. 

Portable II will operate up to 


try was given a major boost 
Iasi week with the announce- 
ment of two new offerings 
from Compaq and Olivetti. 
The launch of Lhe two ma- 
chines last week highlighted 
dramatically the differences in 
portable computer philosophy 
which cut right across the 
industry. 

While everyone realizes that 
the first generation of large, 
luggable PCs needs to be 
reduced, there are deep divi- 
sions within the industry 
about whether that can be 
accomplished by a laptop 
computer. 

The first to be launched was 
Compaq’s Portable II comput- 
er — a luggable micro which is 
30 per cent smaller than the 
company’s existing best seller 
and almost 20 per cent lighter. 

It is designed to be compatible 
with the IBM AT computer 
and will sell in three different 
models, starting at £2.700. 


five times faster than the IBM 
PC and four times faster than 
its own existing portable com- 
puter. But the new machine 
will not run on batteries and is 
still too large to be considered 
a laptop computer. 

.As IBM is expected to 
announce a laptop soon, and 
Compaq’s success has been 
built on emulating and then 
improving on IBM’s most 
successful computer, manv 
industry watchers were ex- 
pecting Compaq to launch a 
smaller, but slightly less pow- 
erful, battery-operated ma- 
chine with a flat display. 
Compaq claims battery 
laptops cannot offer enough 
power to work as proper 
business computers. 

But within 24 hours of 
Compaq's launch Olivetti 
challenged the former's claim 
by announcing its M-22 bat- 
tery operated laptop which, it 


It uses a backlit liquid 
crystal display screen, in- 
cludes a built-in 5.25in com- 
puter disc drive and up to 1 
megabyte of memory. 

Like many other portable 
computers released in recent 
months the computer can only 
have one built-in disc drive if 
it is to achieve the eight-hour 
maximum battery life offered. 

More interesting, however, 
is a hard disc option which 
replaces the battery pack with 
a 10 megabyte information 
storage device. 

While the new Compaq 
machine is available from this 
week, the new Olivetti M22 
will not be shipped until just 
after June. Bui Olivetti does 
promise that the starting price 
range for its machine will be 
about £1,700. 

Compaq's shrinking and 
upgrading of its existing porta- 
ble PC design is a much safer 
option. 


By Ruth Harris 
It was my children who 
dragged me into the computer 
age; they bad an ulterior 
motive. The limitations of the 
! family BBC B microcomputer 
were beginning to irk. They 
needed a disc drive to im- 
prove it and decided mother 
was a softer bet than dad. 

And I was easily persuaded, 
looking back. Anything was 
preferable to bashing out yet 
another draft of ray novel on 
my ancient non-electric type- 
writer. And a program called 
Nordwise, the children as- 
sured me. had been invented 
for simple b rains like mine. 
All I had to do was buy the 
things they had listed - print- 
er. monitor, disc drive, discs — 
and then, hey presto! the 
finished manuscript would 
emerge in a mailer of days. 

The total cost was mind- 
boggling to a writer who does 
not aspire to Jeffrey Archer’s 
sales, but they said there 
would be nothing extra — “and 
think how much you’ll save on 
TippexI" 

It wasn’t true, of course. 
Expense piled on expense. 
Within the first week I discov- 
ered I was unable to 'underline 
without a printer driver. To 
spend hundreds of pounds on 
a printing system and then 
discover that I had to pay 
more just to be able to 
underline struck me as some- 
thing akin to fraud. 

Weeks later, when I came to 
print out the final draft I 
discovered that the paper 
crept sideways across the 
roller with the result that the 



Security 

date 

gets 

nearer 


‘The real problem was that I 
had no one to ask for advice’ 


text, centred at the beginning 


of the chapter, was walking o.. 
the righthand side of the paper 
by the chapter end. This 
furtive movement could be 
stopped, I was told, by fixing a 
paper support to the printer. 

Cost? Believe it or not and I 
couldn’t at first, £100. Other 
printers had cheaper supports 
but I happened to be stuck 
with this one. 

Apart from these two items 
which I felt should have been 
included at the stall, was I 
being sold a complete word- 
processing system or was I 
not? The running expenses 
were horrific — printer rib- 
bons, vast quantities of discs. 


make a back-up of every one, I 
was told, and as for paper, I 
must have got through an 
entire Finnish forest in my 
struggles with the printer. 

Lut I was happily ignorant 
of ail this at the outset or I 
might not have despatched 
my husband quite so cheerful- 
ly to a computer stockist near 
his office. 

Mistake number one. As I 
was the main user we should 
have chosen somewhere with- 
in my reach rather than his. 
Mistake number two was 
sending ray husband at all. 
He's the salesman's dream. 
This particular salesman per- 
suaded him that 1 didn’t want 
the W program. I wanted one 
called V and so that's what be 
came back with. 

I’m still not sure whether I 
would have been better off 
with W. i do know that it took 
me several weeks to master V, 
at a time when I was desperate 
to get to work on the final 
draft The real problem was 
that I had no one to ask and 
the instruction book that came 
with V was inadequate. 

There were, in fact, two 
instruction books, both saying 
more or less the same thing 
although one gave diagr ams of 
the keyboard showing where 
the keys were — gratuitous 


information. I couldn't help 
thinking. Both books as- 
sumed, wrongly, in my case, 
that the user (a) understood 
computers and (b) was not a 
typist. A lot of the problems I 
bad stemmed from those as- 
sumptions. 

An example: my own type- 
writer has no figure I. I 
automatically type the lower 
case L for 1 and did so when I 
wanted the printer to use 
double spacing which requires 
the instruction LS 1 . Of course 
the computer ignored my 
instruction and despite frantic 
repeat commands on my pan 
continued to print out in 
single spacing. There was no 
way I could fuid out why until 
my 13-year-old returned from 
school at the end of the day. 
One look at the monitor 
screen and “Oh Mum!" 

Ridiculous, you will say and 
it was, and maddening, too. 
There were numerous exam- 
ples of that sort of thing which 
raised my blood pressure sev- 
eral notches. If I telephoned 
the shop to ask advice I was 
told, "it can’t do that _ you’ve 
made a mistake, it doesn't do 
that" and there was no point 
in my saying. “But it does." 

Now I find that the manual 
is not technical enough. My 
son has been able to produce 


to 



all sons of refinements 
make mv life easier but not 
every writer has a computer- 
friendly son to call on. 

I had further problems 
when I came to print the final 
manuscript, this time with 
copies. If you use a word 
processor you are not expect- 
ed to want carbon copies. Now 
I do want a copy, of almost 
everything I do. “But every- 
one has a photocopier," I was 
told. Everyone? I haven't the 
room, let alone the money. 

My printer will take carbons 
but is temperamental about 
foera. Sometimes it win prim 
them happily but more often 
than not the top copy stays pul 
while carbon and flimsy go 
through. 

One of my reasons for 
buying a word-processor was 
saving time as well as money 
and I do resent having to sit at 
the printer while it types out 
something twice over, much 
slower than I would do it, 
though admittedly a lot more 
accurately. 

All the same, I wouldn’t be 
without the word -processor 
now. For a writer who rewrites 
and edits as much as I do it has 
been a boon. But I do feel that 
my introduction could have 
been easier, and I could still 
do with advice that I don't 
know how to find. 


Pressure is being exerted on 
the privmc and public sectors 
to ensure that proper levels of 
security are incorporated into 
dajahases housing sensitive 
information. 

The Data Protection Regis- 
trar has revealed that onlv 
10.000 computer users have 
registered. The registrar i s 
hoping that there will be an 
avalanche of registrations be- 
fore the deadline expires on 

May 1 1. 

However it is becoming 
increasing obvious that a sub- 
stantial number or the opera- 
tors or owners or the 300.000 
computer databases in the UK 
arc unaware that they must 
register or face criminal penal- 
ties. 

A conference at Oxford last 
week attempted to highlight 
the legal and moral aspects of 
the legislation as it affects 
doctors. In some ways they are 
typical ot the non-computer 
conscious users who are still 
trying to come to terms with 
the implications of the new 
legislation. 

Data protection in medicine 
has been one of the most 
sensitive subjects debated 
since the legislation was ever 
proposed. Delegates to lhe 
conference learned - many 
for the first time — about the 
law and ihc implications 


I 


THE WEEK 


I 


By Bill Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 


Boost for 
quality in 
pictures 


Two major Japanese electron- 
ics firms have claimed to be 
foe world’s first in developing 
rast, large-capacity semicon- 
ductor chips for a variety of 
applications to computers and 
television or video equip- 
ment 

Toshiba said it has devel- 
oped ^ a prototype of the 
world’s first one-megabit stat- 
ic random access memory 
(sram) chip for use in comput- 
ers and office automation 
equipment 

The company said the new 
chip has a capacity four times 
larger than any sram devel- 
oped and can store 130,000 
alpha-numeric characters or 
up to four pages of a standard- 
sized newspaper. 


New chip has 
huge capacity 


The new chip, which uses a 
transistor and a capacitor, is 
designed primarily for use in 
portable computers, personal 
computers and other office 
automation equipment 

Company officials said it 
will eveniually replace foe 64k 
and 236k srams now in use. 

Samples will be available in 
about one year and products 
will be ready for shipment a 
year later, they said. 

Matsushita Electric said its 
| subsidiary has developed the 
world's first one-megabit dy- 
namic ram chip specially for 
use in digital video equipment 
such as digital TVs and video 
(ape-recorders and computer 
graphic systems. 

The chip was developed by 
Matsushita Electronics, a sub- 
sidiary of the riant Osaka- 
based manufacturer of 
Panasonic and National prod- 
ucts. One pair of foe new chips 
can do tasks that need 32 64k 
| chips, the company said. 

The newly developed chip 
will bring about significant 

increases in picture quality 

and functions of digital video 
equipment, it said. 




which registration will have 
on research, primary care, 
general practice, nursing and 
clinical medicine. 

The Oxford delegates also 
learned that there still are 
many areas of the Data Pro- 
tection Act which have ye! to 
be made clear io doctors. That 
was emphasized Iasi week too 
by ihc chairman of the Na- 
tional Consumer Council, Mi- 
chael Montague. 

The council, in a letter io 
lhe Department of Health and 
Social Security fDHSS), called 
on the Government not io 
seek an exception for medical 
records. 

The 1984 legislation allows 
consumers to have the right 
after November next year' to 
sec personal files stored on 
computer. 

The Government is consult- 
ing medical and consumer 
organizations about the re- 
strictions which might be 
imposed on access to medical 
records. 

Mr Montague said: ** Every- 
one should have the right to 
know what’s in their medical 
records. The vital principle ol 
open access to personal files is 
already enshrined in law. We 
are urging the department not 
to make an exception for 
health records. Handwritten 
case noics not covered by the 
Act should be subject to the 
same principle. 

"There should be only one 
exception to the general ruled 
Tree access, and that is where 
there is a danger of causing 
further harm to a mentally ill 
person." 1 

The medical debate is clear- 
ly being emulated in other 
areas. The Data Protection 
Registrar published its first list 
or registrations last week. The 
list is now only a vailable at foe 
registrar's offices in Cheshire. 
The intention is to publish the 
list in main public libraries. 

Last week the software com- 
pany Logica was awarded a 
contract to evaluate security 
procedures and svstems of 
government computers hold 
mg sensitive information. 

A separate contract has 
been given to Admiral Com- 
puting. Both have been award- 
ed by the Government 
Communications Headquar- 
ters (GCHQ) which is respon- 
sible for advising government 
departments on levels of secu- 
rity. 

The Americans have been 
particularly active through the 
US National Security Agency 
in improving the computer 
security of US government 
departments. The American 
authorities have recently been 
concerned about foe level of 
security in British government 
agencies. 

Thai feeling clearly applies 
to computers and foe UK is 
striving to ensure that it 
matches American standards. 


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focus is the world s leading fourth-generation -language data 
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Focus is the leader. Look at the results. At evert- Focus 
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/B H«h Hatbom, London WC1V 6LS. 
telephone 01-831 0644. Tefex 916509. 






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Out-gnnned i,, t j, e bouncer war < 


SPORT 


ATHLETICS 




' . 'AJ 1 ■ 






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th-j* j 

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^d\icc 


After losing the &a Test 

3Js3S^- I0 \gg; 

inside three daw. R»rfT5? 

“Psf™Sll& S 

?y £*•? “> nund as to avoid 

Th 8 JIS 1 before “Udnight 
?“ J h “S ay - less tSnl 2 
horns before the start J* 

^ ay ’ s ““** against Trio? 

A««f5 

^certainly tbefrWuSJl 
?<L If Trinidad should move 
^Practicable and 

S#* w»ld beUSSiy 


wthm their rights to decline 

* SabinaSSfc 


tk. i.-T't — . “««iia ranc. 

2LJ2Si therc * 

jf^fnlably uneven bounce; 
J®* «*af too earifyto 
warfere andafl j£ 
tujpteasanx consequences. 

It is a pity the Test match 


gg.aa.tes 

Scoreboard 




M»(8A(ta 

>noa4M 



Christie packs the 
power for 
a Cosford re-run i 


-v|^$gprts, : /^ 

Commentary 

’ir * r 


By Pht Botcher, Athletics Cterespondent 

-ST«S ■- 1 


indoor 200 metiw cSSSSf 08 th e 100 metres for 

and Ai«andr &■££*& ** Ommonwealth Games, 
wmer double European indoor G ^ ff Pinsons, a bronze 


Sss^fvSsasss 

f be JMich between 


- Paxwns i a bronze 
medal winner in Madrid, has 
decided that be will compete in 



m 


Britem_and the Soviet Unionai to h* j^nC IRK 


. ■ , ~"“ r ‘ V“wn *1 _r Ojicr HU, OUl me 

OM|«d tonight, provided that ciia, |oes of Bniain winning the 
we pair have recovered from a watch, sponsored by Dairy 


David Miller 


£I^L I iEL h “ XUTBCd them 

.mfotoiyj-distaace printers. 

fiByring the race in which 
the exuberant Christie came 
from, nowhere fo the 
rarfo^Bio take bis first imer- 
nauorai tide and relegate to 
Mcond place _the tannic 


maicn. sponsored by Dairy 

V® m ? de 10 too * remote 
by the fact that all nine Soviet 


. A scientific paper cirmlat 
mg among British athleti 


SSSS^Sit^ ■“* I by a Cans 


dian medical research groat 


*?&:+* P&unsrs 


IRifv: 


*be late-night Sfficii brnST ” 

f?* “P *1y to fly to Londoi 

h™!? “ P 10 Cosf onl for a 
°“>tch Whose proximity to the 
European championships has 
broughicnucism from Mike 
Tunier, the British team man- 


TeduuqiiewiU be the order of dKtnrbingly suggests not onl 
me day earlier at Aldersiey mcnased fragility of the bon 
^?L verfaain pum > mmea athletes hot 

S?taJ£L'SLSjta? l L?f ^ rate of ameer rfek o 


years aao in the I a* 3 ?” 18 * °f the combination c 


years ago in the conesnomfine * roraDmaDon c 

raatchTYuri SedSTTdSwl ^^“8 and th 

Olympic champion, and Yuri COntracep,nie P>D- The signifi 


Tamm, who made the Jongest caa f e of the evidence, whici 
throw m the nwld last year, win ten *b to be drawn to ge th e 


Christie certainly has much in 


^ ns * MartiD °° f necessarily relate 
m d fP^'vi S ^ lh ' *5*2® b qnestiooed by i Britis! 

V? *P _® ve oue of The doctor in snnrft: 


f&M 


his fevour for tonight’s return ^ ld l ,he British Amatci 
w«h Evgemev, who also won teuc 808X11 have so succr 
the world indoor games uih last a 1138 ^ this winter, with 




leuc Board have so successfully ! 3* 3 ^act ts, as he admit; 
amnn,»i .us- -j * i that there is at present far to 


y^r. They should both get the “."““PS standards’ in some off J ittfe knowledge of what i 
ouicmi* i— — — Bn tain's weaker events. 1 *“ ! — J — • 


Srffississs-— - 

OH SMt, c ^ 


' B Oo umti , 



"ym bHoim^Za 


^ 

Start of a nwfc Gamer beeiii« E»ioio^ ,^ . 

, ®od aggressively dose ai short men 31x1 c®® 6 out of 

2 rriSfi Gower k* “°t been as kg. The price he L£ ^em unscathed He is strong 

28 SSh? u* Howarth was today is a bruise thesis; of ■ enou 8h’ t0 °. “ play strokes of 

S5m*™2^i? ,, * e '- En 8 ,and “racer, the result of ban* hit SKI power positions 
cnose now to itot n mth »iu >>inn> i . ocmg nit which no twi iwjr 


ton. starting when Edmonds ,5 “T~ * ft>binson for nonght 


oittcal as Howarth was 


lane, so enreui to 
smooth spnnung on these light 

SSSJ J 1 *** Chri^s 

arength which prevailed over 
^TSeroev in Madrid and with 

SfriSy 1 ” 5^ lookin g in 

“frpor form to the 
ELS 1 ?* w } ni f^- Christie's 


being done to yoong women’ 


Rob Harrison reverts to the 8j an f lBlaj ' systems by the don 
800 metres, in which be won the “* “terferenee of abnorma 


n ->mvuik wun IOC a VI auMUi UJ*] 

uUe 1851 year, follow- «twase loads and cbemica 
^^dtsastrousrunoverUOO «»traception. -We do no 


After a know what we are dohm t 
simitariy poor performance. Da- them “_T5_‘ 


switch. After muehin^S^ flU Z. w Physically, ” he said. 


iH&M i?S SgpIS 

tssissssssz fers; RttJteStes 1™! 

a S?&sgs“>& ’SSS^HfS TeweU ’ s breakthrough 


enough, too. to play strokes of Patlerson 

great power fiom mSSnf V s the faslest ° r drcm all. In 

^notMbookSs^ caassssssfei 


switch. After much indecision 
oveT die weekend he has finally 


However, the 81 051 exciting decided to run as a goes t i^yJe 
ft* 1 « f personal be« '.500 metres. suea “e 

^l.lOscc OD Madnd S 1 64^D£fm r . 

track is that it is going to be 0be ^ 1,85 been ff v cn 

worth iinrW *>n clearance Main 10 tnmrMp 


tea ■ ! ■' '. y i n 


Second Wbsi 

PL tom* not oat , 

S B nir hwrTlIMi Dal fa* 5 

ew^Ttob 11 ™ ° 

Tbtatfaowtaj —g 

WMA LKbauf 
t*H*M .PSnifidJOnvHL 


s® wts Bsesw 


_j,„ L . — —I * UUUUI au UkL 

J*«her more than a couple of Aga 
draen would have hit the ingm 
At least halfhad to be Slat 
decked or dodged. Law 42 Sfo t 
m^ljurtaswcfl not exist for piSh a 
was taken of rtskiw 
^^gilswordiiig is Aside 
Perfectly dem- “Umpms shall moden 


wprth under 20Jisa outdoors nS 0 ? *° 
th^summer. despite Christie's 


GOLF 


. Against West Indies, bowt “”9 » to be as 

nig as they did on Sunday 1 En « ,an d’s 

England could tavt gor,^ “ 


again and again on this same 
pitch and not reached I sn ne 


Gowav fof Bis part, believes 
tngland did not play “as badly 

as the scmwarrl nn»H. « ul 


SsSWSS 


tators toted*^ wyF 5 cai^^' hfJrfi° btai Kf d cr^ e aH-imponam 
niansmSfSnchiSISfe »«"he ?t the 506yd first fcte 


xi si !?;r 

mlln in 

icturvs 


^*at West Indian mnpnts consider intimidation to be 
torn aDmmd tto gume to ttoddibemte b^of 
“recto. A year ago when New ^wt-tMiched balls which bv 
Zealand were being beaten in toor length, height and dir«> 
moxe **** toree bon are intended or likdy to 
days on the same ground, their raflict physical inmjv on th<> 
captain, Geoff Howarth said, striker.” W OT *“ 

Bswsaifcftss-jar •* — 

been ^Souul for 18 IgSSStttSSS’Z 

they wore being treated as 
Aunt Sallys. To some extent 


many dollars as 


a protessional fi>r 18 
years and what happened out 
there had nothing to do with 


four brilliant fist bowiera. ZZTJ C° c f uae and „ ° 0Dest j. dont think you 
wth a licence to inaS “^JfJtoereuioingtobeno JffF diflerent out here.” 
seemed to me to be DnstoDro- resprfe 6001 the fiercest speed Hch fd no complaints about 

We.So how, you mayastjiid i^?^.„ only genuinely fest S2 >P ,™ atUll, S s 'L azid 
Willey make 71? ^ bowler West Indies had tote JS h l ? m w 9 uId ** “faking 


nag atone after Nick Faldo and 
Peter Oostertmis had fi»n«v« to 
qualify 

. J*™™:* excellent start in- 


®y ideas about cricket” *£ir aBU3 F* J ,° ““ra extern 
Jeremy Coney, hi* vice-cho- ware, bu t theyahould still 

« j Vtt. have scnml onfi» a u< 


Well, he is a man of steeL 

and be had the good fortune to 
be dropped when he was 23, a 

reasonably simple chance. He 


bowler West Indies had to 6ce SfLHS!!? W ^ uId ** “faking 

here was Thomas. They were C ^\ ^ 3 s 11 “nies.” On a 

ohh I v*™: *“Y7 were nilrh citrh « c thU 1 


sSSSSSs aggg a5£l SM ”» »i»™ 

Of eariiet; very took three putts 


; The confusing fact is that 
. ntedfcally and statistically i 
is evident that female athlete 
more easily give birth that' 
non-athletic women and alsi 
tend athletically to improv. 
following the birth of the firs 
child. Bat what severe training 
and the contraceptive pill bot> 
fend to do is activate r 
simulation of the middle-agt 
menopaiisal phase, which iti 
seif in normal life exhibit: 
brittle bone tendancy anH | {( j, 
believed, increased cancel 
risk. 

. British medical authorities 
nave so far not chosen tu 
investigate the Canadian 
daiuq but the Canadian rec f 
wnmeudatiou for women ath" 
letes not to use th* 1 
contraceptive pill with its dis-' 
tortion of hormonal baiancr 
mnst be common sense. 7 


Jte to luxuriate in 21 overe «£tf , suc ^ as this last one. 
from 1 Edmonds and fom-foS lSt!S^S5«5 te hor - 


aSSHttsti bssh»« 


-L - . W , VAMIKUI 

short game player. At the start 


dehveiy was phdied shor t ^ Although 

wrlh the result trf aimizgto SSL^SS SUSS puipa *: 

injure.” The same t«« L .¥*9 themselves took 


mgtand it was a 
matter. When ai 


im: „ me faSS rf X!Z7 WB iZ»* 


puysnai aiKi wnen itcomes to the leash At th* iwwjl 1 


j-ww watat fsSffiSg 


remfons. Robinson, for exam- 
pie, had ^ent all the early 
morning on Sunday in a net. 
taking on “Fred” (the bowling 

machine). Ih the event he was 

«wed by a Ughtningly fist 
shooter when needing to be on 


he had a posse of dangerous P°- 0 Twwii. 

draDengeisonhistaiLinriurii™ S?^^^L C "SP^TPatwa. 


"«jo, iom Kne and Corey 
bvu H and yet he showed them 
afl a dean pair of heels after he 




ICE HOCKEY 


Q , 1 .Zjom lest wicket, one more & 0T l lor 

^poit played according to two sets of rules 


I# Simon 


R later karst while the 
wasdancmg, he died. In 


Barnes 


£*^”2 cod-T. C5em*e 
Brown bowled a practice un 

szzssttr&stz 


la ^ an hmr - ’ ■■■ I - w 

show oath.. The soberest of 
miges befaeve that the fikdi- 
' o< nl rf a cricbethig death moved 
a jMoe nearer after the first Test 
match— and there are four move 

to go. However, yoa wxQ not find 
a p ra fesrional cricketer la Ed- 

Z&ZSzzzjzs. 

ewapoor oM Mike Gutting, m* wy SSSSrGm SS SSL^S! han ^ ■** 

^SLSioSiJSSSi 

u frm we have seen pkjnJj£goodS 

arts rales. UK first sre the PPWandMaiiSSMdriHlESrfJ ^ oaty . *?. af the 

ra teief th e^mqthe second me ^thnstedinddSteSd?^ Nman bniluseo«*«»-.— n 
theethfaxoftbeeJawns. Asm fcnwl. n»k.i 


more SST pife 5 J *3j nOS L fearso,1,e i3Tea twa in' 


«e etmtxmihe payers. As CB. M. Phjsiad “*** ^ «B««red 

Fryjadedly put 1 "In footinll, it an illegal lereL^ fiaS^STS 2tiT^ 8 hatsaiaa's 

“7*£y acfawwfcdpTStlf partofSe«S.“ “w* Aady Lloyd, the 


— «««TWCTe Been hod and F - rible. nt 

sSS'SS^FSsa 

«•**» of Oe 


pwa^y acmmuedged that if part of the game. 

**“■£ ft appals people chat cricket 
“« ra fofr-. ft b tme m all can contain similar brutalities. 


racpreas^ Dfaafe Lfflee, a more 
“f^gJWfcBoW’ said: -I try to 
Uta hatsntan ia (he rfts when I 
hoascer, and I 

want tt to hart so nmch that Oe 

hajWMr dsesa ^ * want to turn me 
tty Bore. 9 * 

- vll? 1 *“•* Thoaison were the 
of the grand tradMoa 
of the demon fist bowler. What 
was new was thefr fraiilnw^ — ^ 
nar persistent r&thJessness. 

ttem. they caused the 
*2** power ia cricket to 


m com pansoa with the nmiriii o 

“warenng, briffiaady deliE 
^prodnctioB-liii* ferocity of 
-the West IiHbh attach. 

^ Cridtet these days is pbyed 
^>g»er, fitter, stranger. and, I 1 
wawM bet, (aster amt ever 

Ssrearttei 

right out of the deset. 

. The game must modernise to 


Too many 
imports 
spoil broth 

By a Correspondent 


basketball 


Staying 
Sharp will 
seal title 


ag is tafr.” It is tme m all can contain sU 
spo rtettticnq jgBiqtand ritaggtog People warn to 
ffl imrf awfaaal itsothaB, the cricket hi a «afli 
faoefty <rf top ragby players of beautiful game, 1 
hoch codes, the ■■i»k« n i *d wntn greets h 
■gresslon of interna tioiial of vicars bowfam 
cricket, AH these things would cricket has never! 
appal those who play for mere tins, physical inti 




change. ~ t ae game mnst modernize to 

la 1975-76 AnstnKa " ep . piK ? the West Indian 
Tbooisea molt 


. The limit on the number of 
“!W Payers, is an excellent 
ralein the Hetneken League, for 
Mere is a danger that clubs are 
relying on them to for too great 
an ex ten L 

Tim Salmon and Kevin Con- 

TSfJr W J»ve scored 
jS6 of AyrBn»ins’259 goals, but 
even their combined efforts 
could not prevent Dundee Rock- 
ets wmmng by the odd goal in 
11. the winner was scored 95 


cricket has never 
this, physical fas 


fan: for men at the top, who play always been there. 


in p«r*ull of real eaeBescc, 
radi things are a way of We, part 
of the game. 

H T h ey get «5Bed dirty bas- 
tnnls, stuifexs, dest royers and 


lJ^£2522 ,ttll f ^1 wla , lot of 
T **2?^ Isaqmfaist the laws. 

^ ‘Thehowtfag of 
fast, ^on-pitched balls is lafiur 

„ «■*. it coasti lHte s 


-tk - 7 ™ * > I- ibh — took 
g^* M » «totafc.27. i tS£ 
hd and threw 

“ We *t. Warn vowed that 


^^rsw^.pteyofbnrt’j 

“““Pteaty. To redress the hal- 
snee, shoaM not the batsman be 
STU.fH^'toW .*> »to 


seconds from the end by Garry 
bager, a Canadian. 

. Dundee were not so suorm. 


In 1751. Lb*. SaS^ta 

Prince of Wales, and SmnvZ roa^te 
first mHsded«tehT^!^r prt rae fear of God in 


the side bv ■ rriAnt l>h a 




Captain’s 
innings 
by Coney 


Athey shows boldness 
for bis highest score 


BMBaJKE 

sob; the West Indians decided to 
fire with ntfenw, 

nw W * w hard: the aiF 
pace, aU-ratumdatioa jj 


with Gatting, brave as a lion, 
•wemag to meet MarehaU next 

tune on a pitch that is 22 metres 

»Ug7 


*. Tomorrow a sports psychoto • 
gist discusses intimidation and 
now to repair players' shattered 
nerves 


From Simon Wilde, GaHe/Sri Lanka 


Pakistan are revived 
by brave JYludassar 


Wellington (Renter) —Jeremy 
Coney’s third Test maicii him- 
drtsd for New z^abwi and 
powerful Jutting by Ridmd 
Hadlee afama certainly put 
victory beyond Australia's reach 
in the first Test match here 
yesterday. Bad light and rain 
ended play 40 minutes before 


Events went as well as the 
England B team could have 
hoped yesterday but it was 
entirety doe to their own bold- 
ness. Off 44 oversbefbre declar- 
ing they thumped a further 136 
nuts, no small achievement on 
this stow pitch, and then cap- 
tured three wickets for 96 by the 

close. Sri Lanla are ASH 


lunch on the fourth day with, runs behind and there 


«T.-a _ . . t V? A ^ f 


/rTrtdisiss 15 * 



New Zealand 379 for six m iqjy 
10 Australia’s fint ftmings 435. 
One day reagBns for play. 

Coney, the New Zealand cap- 
lam. reached his hundred by 
pulling McDermott backward of 
square for four. He had been 
batting for 286 minutes and had 
faced 191 balls. Hadlee, mean- 
while, was -«fa»iwmg along, his 
12th Test match 30 coming 
from 80 halls. 

Hadlee, who took bis 300th 
Test wicket in Australia's first 
innings, lifted Davis over his 
head for six and ran a single in 
the wHp «» over to reach his fifty 


At the Stan a lot depended 
upon Athey, who was 102 not 


fefi-snn 

°°™. was dispatched over his 
new a number of times as !»«■ 
peppered the main stand. The 
hour after lunch realized 89 
rona,. 54 from Smith. 

The most important of the 
three mcla^ England took was 
gat of the tall, patrician 
Saraarasekera. England have 
his explosive in- 
nings m the last two matches but 

y esleid ay. mereifitBy. he went in 
a “"Jr* mistimed stroke to mid- 


Mudassar Nazar made a 
courageous 81 to help Pakistan 


captain, Mendis. held a briiliant 
raving catch off Rumesh 


l° 2 f ^ . « skort_ SKff 


f^J*re S rf I £ k fi 1 S , 1 S ^ foure “to 


niaich in Kandy yest er d a y. 

Resuming at 58 for fW in 
reply to Sn Lanka’s first inmiigs 
*°r Rxldian were all 

out for 230. and when bad light 

ended play eariy Sri Lanka were 

ggyp n without loss in their 

Second inning g 
Mudassar was helped in 


foced 238 balls. 

Two more wickets m»A> the 
spore 191 for nine but the late 
flourish by Akram and Tauseef 
took the total past 200- 


cap- upon Athey, who was 102 not on off Cook when o«N 
\A ?“^hedulyplay«ri himself Von 

rdof m wifli caution and then went .when hefefl to A gn» . pMr 


SIB LANKA: First Mnos 109 

Raw Runa/oka not out _____ 
Total 


Brutal . *-»unaee were not so success- 

e J u i day - fi8 ding 

tan be j” nrn *yfieM Racers in fine 
» play iPf™- “spired by three goals 
refers £°. n, .i beir “npon, Rick Fera; 
r? So, buitlu^ home-bred player 
ictric, s°ored the other Murrayfield 
lioo, Borasand n is significant that the 
I next premier division of the 
•etres Hcncken League is led by 
Durham Wasps, one of the few 
wwh two truly effective 
■holo-' ,orw8 ra unes. 

1 raid ,L^ n i n, 5? r1, I 0 * 18 Ciotti, is 

tered leading scorer. He got two 

^inrt Streatfuun and five at 
ptoriwrongli, but seven di£ 

I greni players scored for the 
wasps and they now have a 
four-point lead 
Streattoun Redskins suffered 
two more defeats — at Durham. 

«h;S peCIed ’ *“* at Whitley, 

. which was something of a 

resh temni^T “ Previous at- 
. te, S? s ’ d* Warriors had foiled 
iS-^ a i the R e dsfdiis, but in Spite 
8841 ofa ^laterally which brougfatthe * 
th* SP" ? mx 808,8 « 8 the final 1 
h5S lhe Waniore 

&raous victory. 1 
seef Nottn^ham Pamhera were 1 
grajy o^bad tactics at CfcS ( 
’ * ^ to hang on la a fi 

One-goal lead for the final 12 s 

I 4 1,1,1 ?^* rpe .^“kzed u 

— Win 87 SCCOQds remainmo I a 


By Nicholas Harfing 

r , J hc ^ r, sberg National 
Erague championship trophy 
' *» re the hands of Shan 

! M88c ^ esle,, 1 United by tonight 
so long as they avoid defeat by 
more than 10 points in their 
borne game with Happy Eater 
oradmelL 

Since the prospect of United 
5" 1 ?. such a margin is 
roughly foe equivalent of Liver- 
pool tosmg a footbaU maicb at 
Antiekl to Bi rmingham OJ) 

9?°. be assumed that 

y o, # “d wdi become champions 
lor the first lime. Not that they 

“wiS* for panted. 
We re hopeful; we're planning 

hSSSSSW!! 

llOJ.^dda.rf Sporty 

Lr J. ited bte* wanted to settle 
toe dispute for the title against 
Solem but the margin of Team ! 

oSs C ^nS5£*?\. vicIOfy 81 J 

tJRS Sunderland, by 152-1 IS ’ 
mrans that the London club are 1 
sail in with a foint maihemaiical 2 
cbancc ofreduang ihe aggregate i 
points difference, which is cur- j 
renuy 11. I u 

Although United’s Wftfi a tMm I S 


j average 

There were over 80,00C 
i. in the Benzabec 

^ btadiura on Sunday for an 
^ average Spanish League 
j match against Seville, and 
fc mey were not there because 
“•* ^twthian better to da 

or, as Bui Shankly used to say 

it was more important than life 
and death. They were there 
uecanse they knew they would 
he entertained. 

When, in the fifties; it was 
totally acknowledged in Brit- 
am flat Hangary, Brazil, Italy 
and other nations possessed a 
superior technical level of 
football, it was oar defenders- 
rather than oar forwards who 
were exposed. Although: 
Wolves had their floodlit 
friendly victories over 
and Spartak and Matt BnsbyV 
youngesters stretched Beal. 
Madnd m the European Cop' 
semi-final in 1977, British; 
dobs were on the ran. Exiles 
°* the famous Hungarian* 
toms had taken up residence r 
“ S P^ and ray first visits to. 
Madnd and to Barcelona were 

to witness the six-goal destrac-" 
tow of Rangers of Gfasgow? 


and Birmingham respectively. ! 

I no nin u i Avhn.*..4f_ a ■ « 


The most exhilarating dnb„ 

match ever played in Britain is 

“msidered by many to have 
been Madrid's crushing of 
Emfrachf in I960. Notonger 

corad it be claimed, though the e 

sen-delusion continues even to P 
this day, that the Football d 
l^agie was the best in the n 
world. It was, and is, eventful. e 
What tappened between 1960 IS 
and 1980 was that British ? 
teams learned, above alL to ie 
defend - by numbers and 


/Mihough United's was a team ^ yste ? zs which reached a 
effort, Whehon had special 5, e P*h with Nottinaham 
Brown (24 forest's soporofic victory over 
^KiSJ« d G ®5 ?ier (23) - Hamburg when playing wiS 

anolher . bi 8 006 attacker, BirfiS; 8 

K«l5r SU! .STSS jy,^ . S^day's late 
Jem. got it at Sunderland where IE fL?.£ T ! S * 0n .""“to-BP of 
Clark's 5 1 points enabled him to fit? *jf®* d ’t tSTOn ' rt "as appar- 
xxomejhe first pfoyer to score ™* “ ** technical skiilc j 
)ver 50 in three successive ®® < ®8 both forwards and 
cague games. defenders of many Spanish 

» me^uog of Birmingham teams are still ; ;nertot- tn 

Mn. who had b^oiS? £^5^3?“ “ ^ “7 they 

ed for the national chamnton- exatm 8 raatches. 


all out for his strokes. The first Whether Emda 
hour produced 32 runs, the achieve theirfist 
9Kt»a55;tfthese l Atiieymade of the tour. large) 
7LHe was J awing to nuture the their bowlers. Thi 
mke cmefiiDy beronse at the frvety performing 
other end was Smith, who on any but 

Sunday had a temperature of inclined to waste 
102 and was still not wdL deliveries outside i 


. . r * 

• 


; m‘5' : 




AUSTRALIA: Hrtt tanhgs 435 (S R J 
Muttaws 13& G M RI&Nb 92. DC Boon 

70)- 

_ _ WWZ&KJUCbnstMn 
TJRankfiuc Bonier b UdDermotT— 0 

BAEd^rcWaighbRtetthm 38 

JRnMcPMtoabIMl-— 32 

S ;R n aa tp ti ciMetb Raid 38 

IIDCinMbUattMwi 19 

KRnAadndeubbtWcl 6S 

'J V Coiwy not me 101 

R JHafflaanota* 72 

EM™sp>2,t>6,wl.ntng 24 

‘ ToMfBwftia) Sf 

ft 0 S SnNR. G B Trato and E J 

Cta&Mdtobu • 

FALL 0F1MCKE1B: J-ft MT. M*. t- 
115, 5-138. 6-247. 

QOW1JNG tto dost Mcoamoit 245-5- 
80*1: DM 254^00 : RaU 31-6-10*3: 
MaHhaws 37-10-M7* Bondar 4-3-1 -fi; 
Wfauoti4.l44L 


Cook, the mghtwatefanan, 
had been AtbnrS ovenrighi 
partner bat he dia tmt come out 
with him. He was said to be 
suffering from fin, although he 


His absence was tantamount to 
a declaration of intent by Nicho- 
las, who sent out Smith in ins 
place. Smith later said that 
”eveo wanting to the wicket was 

a straggle". 

Athey was even t ually out 
after batting 460 minutes for 
184, die highest score of his 
career and the highest by an 
Englishman in Sri Lanka. Smith 
then look over and Moiron, Jus 
runner, found him self increas- 
ingly redundant : as his charge 
anted dealing in boundaries. 


.wnen he fell to Agnew- 

Whether_ England today can 
sebieve their first first-class win 

their bowlers. They are cofleo 
nvely performing as well as at 
?ny stage, but Lawrence is 
m«med to waste energy with 
ddrvenes outside the offstump. 
unram is also erratic and 
Agnews fitness lenmiiwL nru 
Ccrt ain. 

«w2£2S2!i5?25 ,,aa ^2f ,Mftsr ^ 


Satan Mahk, who contributed 
54 to a fifth-wicket stand of 101. 
The visitors were also indebted 
.toahvety last-wicket stand of 39 
between Wasim Akram and 
Tau seef Ahmed. Even so, 
Pakistan s total was their lowest 
m Tests against Sri Lanka. 

Mudassar and Salim ham^ 
through the morning and had 
taken the score to 154 when 
aanm was caught at the wicket, 
giving the openiiig bowfer, de 
Mel, ms 50th Test wicket, and 
town Khan was sixth out at 
i® 7 - A * 173 Mudassart si&-hoar 


.. „ rA KBTW fir « Mm 

Mudass ?JiSl. c tte** 5 * ° Rumash 




Mnan Knan imr-b da Mai 
Qasim OmaM&wb Rumasb ( 


sssassanna— 

btteMal — ni 

pa^E-l 

Waf Ahmed not ouT^..... _ £ 

a-Sfsm Akram nn ouj _ ft! 

Extras (b 4, w7) ' 18 

Tota 


[ Sk?S« jE? -- a f ma !t^S 



e«S»4. W 7) 11 Ow"cB^TBia iSg £ 

Tom BSj CrowtTM ctwrfs 7, , ‘ 9Brai "■ 

FALL Of WWCET& M, 2-28 3-«9 Jv? 

7 . A7 h s-i9i. io^ RriDei i 


[ points) and Gardner (23). 

Kingston, needing another big 
Z2“ *® «ay .fa contention 
anertheir 50-pout rout of So- 
JenL got it at Sunderland where 
Clark s5l pouts enabled him to 
become the fim ptaycr to score 
over 50 m three successive 
league games. 

The meeting of Birmingham 
£toeta raid newly promoted I 
Bnmel Ducks Uxbridge and 
Camden, who had both quaii- 
ited for the national champion- 
ship play-offe, resolved which 
(am would face the likriilwyj 

Pjaying KfagaSS fo'^dc^ 
Wembley place. 

Birmingham’s 105-94 success 
mrans they will foce Pfartsosoth 
and Uxbndge will men Kings- 
ton, assuming United take the 
mle. u> which case they will 
oppose Walkers Crisps Leices- 
ter. Manchester Giants, who 
fake on Crwtel PaSofo 
other pby-ofl; were 1 13-93 win- I 
nm^ay to Nbno Bens - 


§P W U *IS-' <fe Mol 175 - 5 - 50 ^ 3 - Raul 

SSSSSSSB^S 


a S Bperb 106 Srm 
ft 81 Qti qy. of Snflfoo, and an 
mpuugive all-round display 
fij^Chns R, idd, ( rf Dev ^g 
Commes undeP-25 ride 
suffered the first defeats of their 
Aenyan tour in Nairobi. Both 
matches against the Kenyan 
National jade for the SS£y 
Cup ended m defeat. 

Mnor Cuunte IBSfer B (M 

MBSiSWfi® 


rigfl ended when the Sri Lanka t° S * ra ,7 ' 7 '® 7 ' 1: f^mxiga taj^so- 

Victoria victorious 


bobsleighimg 

Phipps borrows sled 


Sydney (Reuter) - Victoria 
Obtained their first Sheffield 
Shield vre twy for two seasons 
when they beat South 

^ ***“ wickas in 

Adelaide. 




After dismissing Sooth 
Australia for 211 in the morn- 
1%, Hickey taking seven for gl. 


.ictona made light of the 9 M- im^ /v ~ r~~ 
nm target Whatmore, with 84^ ^Sa^ eensiai,d Mdcd ™ 8 


and Quinn, with a maiden 
century, put Victoria firmly oh 
the road to victory with an 
opening partnership of 139. 

t /S£‘?^ m out for 

103 but the captain, Jones, kept 

<7 £ c ^ 8 lighmiM 

bom «- in 

Perth the match between West- 
and the Shield 


wtiea ^ 

me first day of training for the 
HE™ -Wtoftrtition (Chris 
.Unknown to the 
otter 18 jMhons competing 

tSL.E20**! sw^ 


^^Fasser.whTfanorE 

toe, working 
with Allied Steel during the 
summer towards producing a 

ror Phipps next season. 




!» “to- ysrs 

iSZSttSSESS 1 

f- 2® , a f r ?£ I P enl between 


The British Tham'pp M^L.. 
mity four days m which to ad£ 
fa foe more sensitive handlm*- 
2JSI • bob, but prov iding 

22 . EB.“ “^pccted pro? 

& « could put him 

hard-on the heds of me top 






S uutividnalism. ^ 

f Th* wares by Chendo, a 
i fall back, and Vasquez. a 
“tofieM Pfayer, for^^als 
; by the brilliant Butragoeho, 

1 "ere the execution of what is 
; “most a lost art in Britain: 
flighted bails, polled back 
roroagh more than a right 
aitgl^ curling over the defence 
w»th back spin. The same was 
true of Amanita's crass for 

Alonso's first goal for fiaRdo- 

ua in Cadiz. 

Bntragpeno, short and mer- , 
is in the same mould as 
aopa of France, doyen with Di 
Stefeno of the early years of 
the European Cop. I fancy that * 
bpain wfll be even more of a > 
proMem for Northern Ireland 
in the World Cup this summer 
than Brazil; a for better Spain 
man in 1982, when the Irish 
heat them, as we saw in the 
European Championships. 

Madrid, meanwhile, seem 
unlikely to surrender a lead of 
six points over Barcelona at 
toe top of the table. They beat 
Barcelona non in 
Cadrz 3-J ReHl have still to 
plsy Venables s team at home, 
having lost 2-0 at Non Camp^ “ 






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FOOTBALL 


BOXING 


Captain Robson shows 
concern for cracks 
in England’s build-up 


• t. c'„ 
vl* ,, - . 







Bryan Robson wanted to 
1 celebrate his SOth cap by 
' leading out his country at 
Wembley in the World Cup 
qualifying tie against North- 
ern Ireland last November. It 
did not seem too much to ask. 

In the previous two years he 
had missed only two of the 22 
internationals, had captained 
the side during the tours of 
South America and Mexico 
and had ushered England into 
this summer’s finals during 
his 49th appearance. 

But half an hour from the 
end of the 5-0 victory over 
Turkey, Robson stretched for 
a cross, pulled a hamstring 
and limped off towards 
months of deep and dark 
frustration. His first come- 
back for Manchester United 
was a dozen minutes old when 
be tore a calf muscle at 
Hillsborough; his second end- 
ed in disgrace after 75 minutes 
at Roker Park. 

Robson, sent off for retalia- 
tion in the FA Cup third 
round tie at Sunderland, still 
maintains that he was 
“unfortunate”. He said: 
“There was no intent Venison 
(the victim of his assault) 
knows that I didn’t catch him 
on the side of the head. He got 
up, ran off and didn't com- 
plain to the referee.” . 


Although _he completed 'the 
Tranord, 


replay at Old Tranord, his 
troubled season took another 
twist during his next outing 
when he tinned an ankle on 
the hour at Upton Park. In the 
last four months, his competi- 
tive action has totalled a mere 


Fkom Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent, Td Aviv 

237 minutes for his club; and 
be has not played for his 
country. 

Robson, sent to Amsterdam 
in an attempt to dear his 
disturbingly persistent physi- 
cal ailments and aim his 
increasing mental depression, 
is not yet convinced that the 
treatment will be successful. 

“Only time will tell whether it 
will work, rm still following 
the routine of musde exercises 
— two days off and one day on. 

Tm now more relaxed 
before matches and obviously 
I hope it will solve the 
problems I had last year. I was 
also advised to vary my diet 
and cut out sugar and chips. 

That was hard and I have been 
tempted. Four times in me last 
six weeks I’ve relaxed the rule 
and had some chips. 

“The physiotherapist told 
me that there is no reason why 
I can’t play on until I'm 35. 

That gives me another six 
years. I can survive playing 
the same style. I don’t have to 
change and I- won't bum 
myself out. I'm just happy to 
be fit and about to win that 
50th cap. It's been a long 
tune.” 

Robson returns for 
England’s first ever senior 
fixture against Israel here 
tomorrow u a side that will be 
almost completely trans- 
formed!’ The only survivors 
from the line-up that beat 
Egypt 4-0 last month are fikeiy 
to be Shilton, Stevens, 

Sansom and Wilkins. Three of 
them happen to be the only 
squad members who are more 



TENNIS 





UP 

By Rex Bellamy. Tennis CantseoutaA 


experienced than their cap- 
tain. «■ 

Shilton, already the holder 
of the record number of caps 
for an England goalkeeper, 
mil collect his 77th, Wilkins 
his 76th and Sansom his 61sl 
Butcher, who will probably be 
the next player to reach the 
milestone, will be gaming his 
36th. In contrast, Beardsley, a 
substitute in Cairo, is expected 
to make his first lull appear- 
ance. 

The line-up is likely to be 


•’••a* ^ 




Chance for Aizlewood 


From a Special Correspondent, Dfaahran 


Mike England, the Welsh 
manager, has opted for experi- 
ence as his team prepares to take 
on Saudi Arabia here tonight. 
With his strongest side available 
— Mark Hughes, who is banned 
from the t hr ee opening Euro- 
pean championship matches, is 
the only senior player missing— 
England ^ introduced only 
one new cap, the Chariton 
Athletic defender Mark 
Aizlewood. 

“This match gives me an 
opportunity to see how 
Aizlewood and Blackmore 
shape np to international 
football,*' England said. 


European 


Clayton Blackmore, who is 
making a serious challenge for a 
regular place in the Manchester 
United side, and Aizlewood, the 
Charlton Athletic fan back, are 
obviously seen as key figures as 
England tries to remould his 
side for the 
championships. 



(Oxford United), M A 
K Mil i 

i (Non** cay*/ 

b ^asssP‘ 


completed by Martin, West 
Ham United's talented central 
defender, who has been select- 
ed only once in the last 21 
months, Hodcfie, Dixon and 
Waddle. The trio, 

linked for the fourth time, will 
be the only line in the forma- 
tion that has played together 
before. 

The rearrangements, en- 
forced by the absences of 
Haidey, Lineker and Reid, are 
sure to be unsettling, initially 
at least, and Robson is under- 
standably concerned about 
England’s World Cup prepara- 
tions. The authorities should 
perhaps heed his words. 

“People expect us to do well 
but I'm not sure that the set- 
up allows us to,” he said. “We 
should be getting together and 
playing together more than we 
do. Look at Brazil: they 
sembied two weeks ago and 
will not break up until after 
the World Cup is over. Look 
at Poland: they have just been 
competing in a.tournament in 
Mexico. 

“They prepare for months 
in advance: We just seem to fit 
things in. After the European 
ban on our clubs, they should 
have left the domestic pro- 
gramme alone. An event lilte 
the Super Cup has not helped 
us. If that had not comple ted 
things. Northern Ireland, 
Scotland and ourselves would 
have been able to arrange 
more friendly matches. Even 
if we had the best players in 
the world, our build-up is not 
that good.' 

Robson added: “But we are 
a dean living lot, we behave 


i \v * 

/ 




Pan) Hutchins. Britain's team 
manager; and' Mai fc^Cox , lire 
Davis Cup mam's coach and. 
ai i uiing partner, are doing their 
sheepdog** this week - round- 


ing up the flock in readiness for 
afirst 


round tie with Spam ar 
Telford from Man* 7m 9. 

Jaany Bates and NSckFhlwood 

travel 7 from the Midlands to 
Queen's Clnb to begin poetics 

today. Colin Dewde*wefljsd*ie 

in from Fran c e on Friday and 
John Lloyd should have made it- 
from Grlifomia by Sunday. 


Waiting for Coetae Bruno In reflective mood yesterd ay (photographrian Stewart) 


Promoting a bigger punch 


By Srihmnar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 



responsibly and hardly any of 
If any squad had got 


Esther Frank Bruno or Genie 
Curtat is gefag to bit the floor 
mw (hey go far each other at 
Wembley so March 4. At their 
first in Londoa yes- 

terday, they decided on using 
Idea panchess* gl ov es , made in 
Mexico, rfH riri fli mw. 

*Ta used to them,” Coetzee 
d. “They are poachers’ 
gloves-”* 4 ! Eke the grip,” Brmo 
Said. 

After moch knowledgeable 
Bat -e li f M ng hi thm, the 
g lov es were signed by the box- 
ers, sealed and delivered into the 
hands of Se cn ricor , though, for 
all the imprest the rest of the 
world had is them, I dare say 
they woald bare bees safe be a 
shoe box at the British Boxing 
Bond . However, it seeme d a 
suitably important thing to do to 
mark the oc c asion of the feat 
meeting ef the two men. 

They posed coyly, fiats op, for 
BBC cameras — oeae of toe old 


eyebafl-to-eyebafl staff; 
with tbe trouble in Sooth Africa 
and anti-apartheid groaps fa 
Britain tryfag to stop the coo- 
lest, 

Braoo was oot particularly 
concereaed about protests by 
anti-a p a rt heid mmjm and said 
that they had had no effect oa 
him- “I haven't bad any trouble 
from them,” he said. As be was 
aot a politician be could not see 
what Soath Africa bad to do 

V- " — fl „ — mi m t a i ■if ■iin 

WITH lUS D9VS gyiim Lwzce- 

So far as be knew, the anti- 
apartheid people weald not be 
there fa two years' time to help 
him pay Ms talephrma MB or car 


flash bat I know in my heart of 
hearts that l ull knock Mm 


Coetzee. dasania that he v 
m bette r shape for *M* mnfy yf 
that far any of Ms other recent 
fights (he had one last year and 
one the year before), said it did 
aot matter that he was tire 
underdog at the bookmakers. He 
had been the underdog far 
meeting Michael Dokea, whom 
he knocked oat. 

“Somebody hat Bed to 
Frank,” Coetzee said, “teffing 
Mm I*re been fa warn and that I 
am a short cat to the world title. 
If he beats me he win be tbe next 


us drink, 
a chance of winning the World 
Cup on fitness, it would be 
us.’ 


Bruno said that be had seen 
Coetzee on tapes and did not 
underestimate bin. bat he ja st 
knew be would be luiocfcfag ont 
the Sooth African. *Tre got to 
knock him oat,” he said, “be- 
canse this is my year to be world 
champion. I don't want to be 


So confident are tbe n it V i nt- 
ers, Mike Barrett and Mickey 
Duffc that Brno fa going to win 
that they hare invited Tim 
Witherspoon, tbe Worid Boxing 
Association A«n«[ii ||ii. to i f i — 
to Wembley to see Brno and 
Coetzee fa action. They a 
waiting for a reply. 


EQUESTRIANISM 


Government; Evans warns Villa 


aid is not 
forthcoming 


on safety-first 


Heffer's good 
looks help 
to win votes 


SNOOKER 


Football wfll not receive Gov- 
en meat aid fa the attempt to 
prevent England's best pfatn 
moving abroad. The Minister 
for Sport, DU Tracey, fa- 
formed the sport’s authorities 
yesterday that Government ca*- 
not help their fight against a 
rating by tbe Earopean Eco- 
nomic Community for free move- 
ment of players witfafa Eaarape. 

European dobs are Canted to 
two foreign signings, bnt En- 
glish football administrators are 
worried that many tap players 
wiH seek tbefr fortunes overseas 
if the EEC ruling is enforced. 

The removal of restrictions 
could spark a transfer scramble 
with such top players as Ian 
Rash, derm Hoddle, Gary 
Li ne k er and Kerry Dixon 
tempted by bnge offers from 
oversea s chibs. Mark Hughes, 
of Manchester United, plans to 
more to Bareeions at tbe end ef 
the season. There are feats that 
home stars weald be replaced by 
inferior deputies from abroad 
and that 

would become faaccessaMe to 
Bobby Robson. 

Gordon Taylor, the secretary 
of the Pkofegsfcmal Footballers’ 
Association, said: “Yon wonkl 
straggle to think of half a dozen 
foreign players who hare made 
an impact fa our league since 
they started c omin g here. 


TheOxford United manager, 
Maurice Evans, yesterday urged 
his dub's Milk Cup opponents 
Aston Villa to consider folly the 
safety aspects of tonight's first 
leg semi-final dash. A decision 
on Villa's frozen patch has been 


delayed until this morning, but 
Graham Tomer 


their manager 

gives the twice-postponed tie 
“an even chance” of going 
ahead. 

Turner, however, conceded 
that certain areas of the ground 
“are a little bit dangerous at this 
stage”. Evans countered: “rm 
not odc for getting games played 
at all costs. I've yet to know a 
season that didn’t end.” 

He added: “I appreciate that 
this is Worid Cup year, but 
people always get in a panic 
about getting games played. 
There is no point in playing on a 
skating rink. There is a danger to 
players and the match becomes 
a lottery.” 

Wolverhampton referee Terry 
Holbrook checked Villa’s pitch 


yesterday and match official Joe 
Wonall wil 


will have the fina l say 


on whether the game is played. 

id, Dave 


two 


If the tie does go ahead, 
l.flng BTi wiD end almost 
months’ absence from tbe i 
Tbe Republic of Ireland full 
back is set for his comeback 
after a hamstring injury. Evans 
allowed defender Neil Slatter to 
travel with Wales for a friendly 


in Saudi Arabia when he was 
satisfied Langan would be fit to 
replace him. 

Langan could face a stern test 
against Villa’s tricky winger 
Mark Waiters. Bat the biggest 
threat to Oxford’s advance may 
be Simon Stainrod, the former 
Queens Park Rangers striker 
whose goals have shot Villa out 
of their nightmare league form 
towards two cup finals. Stainrod 
has notched 10 goals in five cup 
ties this season, but win miss 
partner Andy Gray who is 
suspended. 

Turner acknowledged: “The 
pitch is hard afl over, but a 
decision would not have been 
delayed if we didn't fed we had 
a chance. Two strips are causing 
the problem, one down the 
touchline and the other in 
goalmouth. If the situation 
doesn’t deteriorate, we have a 
50-50 chance of playing. We will 
sand it and work as fast as i 
can to get the game on.” 

• Derby County's FA Cap fifth 
round tie against Sheffield 
Wednesday has been called off 
for the fifth time because the 
Baseball Ground pitch is frozen. 
The game is now scheduled for 
tomorrow, forcing Derby to add 
to their already worrying back- 
log of league fixtures by 
postponing a third divirion 
game against Rotherham. 


. By a Correspondent 

Ginny Lang (trie Holgate) 
yesterday received the Martini 
award for 


eventing for the 
second consecutive year. Hav- 
ing won both tbe Badminton 
three-day event and the Euro- 
pean championship last year, it 
was no surprise that she again 
topped the poll for this annual 
award, decided on votes cast by 
the readers of Horse and Rider 
and Pony magazines. 

A slightly less obvious, but 
thoroughly deserving, winner 
was Philip Heffer, who came top 
in tbe show jumping category. 
Heffer, who was 20 fast month, 
made the difficult breakthrough 
into sixth place on the British 
computer rankings at the end of 
last year. This achievement, 
coupled with his good looks, 
assured him of an overwhelm- 
ing number of votes from the 
followers who read 


Heffer said yesterday that be 
will not be riding his father’s 


talented nine-year-old, View- 
April’s Worid Cui 


point m 
in GOteborg. 


up final 


Thome taken to the 
brink by Stevens 


By Sydney Frisian 

Willie Thome, who scraped involved considerable risk, fait 


through his fifth-round match 
with a 5-4 victory over Kirk 
Stevens, meets Terry Griffiths 
today in tbe first quarter-final of 
tbe Dulux British Open snooker 
championship at Derby. In the 
evening, Alex Higgins win play 
BQI Werbenftik. 

Thorne won his match against 
Stevens with a brown to black 
clearance in the deciding frame, 
the Iasi ball on the table proving 
decisive. Victory might have 
gone the other way if Stevens ■ 
had potted the: brown, his 
attempt to dispatch it into- a 
comer pocket just having failed. 

Tbe climax was thus reached 
to an absorbing match in which 
Thorne took a 30 lead having, in 
the third frame, made a clear- 
ance break of 129, the highest so 
far in tbe tournament But from 
the moment Stevens cut the lead 
to 31 with a clearance break of 
59. Thome was made to fight for 
his rewards. 

Stevens, who fell 24 behind, 
won the seventh frame in which, 
after making a break of 25, he 
scattered the reds, a ploy which 


Thome was unable to capitalize 
on tbe situation. 

The eighth frame, probably 
the best developed into a 
shrewd battle of tactics, the 
semes standing at 5050 on the 
green before Stevens ended the 
str ug g le with a clearance to the 
pink. 

Stevens, potting with growing 
assurance, look a lead of 3929 in 
tbe decidi n g frame. However, 
bis unsuccessful attempt to 
drive the pink into a side pocket 
let Thome in, but even then 
fortunes changed nntil the final 
flourish by Thorne. 

The highest break of the 
tournament carries a prize of 
£5^00 and a sum of £25,000 is 
on offer to the player who makes 
tbe maximum break of 147. So 
far, two players have come 
within right of it Thome in his 
mat ch against Feme Mans 
when he potted eight reds and 
right blacks and bad tbe last 
seve n reds at his mercy, 
roiHROUMk WTtnrm U KStevans54 


after an interview _ 
with Moya Walker, a dietician 
who lectures at Loughborough 
University. For two weeks be 
most make notes about what be 
eats and the evidence will then 
be analysed for nutritional con- 
tent before dietary charges are 
reco mm ended. . Richard 
Witichello went through the 
■bum process last June but said 
yesterday that he had lost too 

much weight (*T faun up d lot of 

ener gy”) after a switch to_ foods 
high m protein but low i n fat . 
Consequent ly he has com- 
promised: but does make sure 
that he has at least one healthy 
mealaday. ■ 

Hutchins said yesterday: “I 
am also trying to get Richard 
and Nick to realize tint there is 
a correlation between mood and 
sating habits. Having discussed 
this with Moya and others, I am 
convinced of iL Richard, for 
example, was ««tng all the 
wrong things and was hyper- 
sensitive”. Folwood and 
WhicbeHo, the latter on an 
informal basis, are bod* coached 
Chris Bradnam, of: 


by Chrii 

humor, the former 


champion, who most be consid- 
ering the advantages of a course 

in /- a r t -r ing ma ny men t 




Whkheflo. aged 12, had a 
good win yesterday when the 
concluding;' “Masters” tour- 
nament of the Lawn Tennis 
Association Satellite Series be- 
gan at tbe David Lloyd Sports 
Club. Wellington. He won 7-6, 


fa R Drysdata (Essex) 6 - 2 . 

SsureflfaSbtPl— sdoip(SA)6- 
1. 6-4; R WMs (KanQ fa A 
Caste (Somerset) 7-6. 8-3; O 
Delattrafl5)btPSren8son(Swe)7- 
5. J Lodder (NettftfaSBriSett 
■x) 6-4. 6-7, 6^ R Vlgmctoad 

KGFak {SweJS^Tw; G 
MSECarA fa L Alfred (Wales) 7- 
SJWTc Bantttrora (Swe) fa J 
Wtodtial{Swej7-6j6-2. 



firm Richard Evans, Boca West, Florida 


ions are never sat- 
isfied. Ivan Lendl won the 

U pton l m e mari nnal flayers' 

men’s title by 3-6, 6-1, 7-6, 6-4 
over Mats WDander and then 
flew home to Connecticut with 
his coach, Tony Roche, to work 
on his gone. 

Anything in particular? “Now 
just everything.” Lendl said. “I 
wifl be practising to improve all 
parts of my game over the next 
two weeks. I am only really 
happy with myroovemeniatthe 
moment. But it was good to win 
a title like this when I was not 
playing really writ.” 

To win while not playing at 
one’s best is. of course, the 
hallmark of the true champion, 
fan a little luck is needed to 
achieve that kind of success. 
Florida’s - c hang eable winter 
weather provided Lendl with 
the break he needed. - 

Ih the blazing afternoon sun- 
shine, the wind bqan to hecakl a - 
rainstorm which .would- inter- 
rupted . tbe match. WBander 
looked more comfortable in the 
increasingly taxing conditions. 
He had played some brilliant 


tennis in the first set and, after a 
lapse is the second, was regain- 
ing bis grip in the third as Lendl 

yrnj jgled^K>l find the timing on 

Wifander readied break point 
in the sixth game, and, with the 
sides da rke ni ng, won the first 
two paints of the tie-break. One 
of several superb, hard-hitting 
rallies was the last tennis the 
crowd of 1 1.000 saw fix- just 
over three hours and, crucially. 
Lenffl won that point against a 
sfcrve with a forehand pass. 

When the match resumed 
under fights on an evening 
turned and cool, Lendl 
had to serve at 2-afl instead of 3- 
1. Statistically the difference is 
minor; psychologically it is 
huge. An iH-timed half-volley 
lost him his second service point 
on . the resumption and. al- 
though Wflander polled back to 
4 points all, it was apparent that 
die power and the confidence 
had suddenly returned to 
LendTs ground strokes. By the 
time Lendl won the vital tie- 
break. 7-5, WUandefs bold on 
the match had evaporated. 


SQUASH RACKETS 


A spirited competitor 


In the world of top tour- ‘final of the Id Open ebampion- 
nament squash few prisoners ships, 
taken. There * 


""UH.WBKB5S 


12, 37- 

4& 


are taken. There are only win- 
ners, and. those who have al- 
ready packed their bags and 
departed for the next event 
(Colin McQufflan writes). 

Spare a thought then for Ross 
Thorne, the man who rarefy 
wins fag prizes and who yes- 
terday, for instance, was arrang- 
ing ' connecting flights from 
Stockton to Madrid white 


Jahangir Khan and Ross Nor- 
man were wanning up for the 


Yet Tborne, a 28-year-old 
Australian, is die first man on 
an y prom oter’s list and often the 
lingering memory for departing 
crowds after imyor events be- 
cause of his competitive spirit. 

ass era&AsSiS 


OVERSEAS FOOTBALL RESULTS 


7. 


Fortww Duossldorl 3; Bayam Mutfch 3. 

FC Cologne 1; Borussta 
* a FC Nwassarg 0; 
FCKaimrdauttml , BntrwttFnrtdtftl. 
Al cXhar (WMapostpomd. 

£P»ri*9t Gennsin 2, 


GREEK: Dora a _ 

I 0; Art* 0, 


<* paok a 

ft 


Agotar Attain Mgafa IMaartp 0; 


Naples on 


's tail 


t Germain 2, Lens 2; Mco 


0. Nvttas 0: Bonfean & Matt 1; Auxerre 

" “ ' *: Lm>* a Moraeo o: lbs i 


0, Toulon 0; 

Brat* z Le Havre 1, ToriouN U tracing 


. OFJ fc PKntonkn Z Latin 0: 

Panache 2. fsrto 0; Otyvpiato* 2, 

Ettinika* 2. LeadiMl positions: 
Psnaowwfcos 32; bakfe 27: Aria 27; AEK 
2&P«nl0t*»2B:QF?2S. 

BELGIAN: Bewscftot 0, FC M«cf*i ft 

AndortaOrt 3, Lokawn ft ChartanX a 


Bobby Robson may not want 
Paul Rideout; Naples do. They 
have asked Bari to quote than a 
price, serins the young ce n tre 
forward as the player they need 
to give them power fa tbe ate. 
The Call in the defer has 
meanwhile vastly reduced tbe 
size of the pay m ent s they still 
have to make to Ba rc el o na for 
Dkso Maradona- 
On Sunday, after only a few 
minutes. Rideout hit the 

Joventis crossbar at Bari. How- 
ever, fa the second half, the 
champions walked afl over Bari 
and won, 3-fl. So they gained a 
point ob tiutr only challengers, 

Roma, who drew smiO-tempered 
game fa Florence, Pntzzo yet 

■warn arm m g thete coaL 
Better news for Brazfk Zteo’s 
left knee, on which be had an 
operation fa October, seems to 
be standing up wondeiftdiy weO. 
He played wefl oa F lam eng p *k 
recent International tour, when 
they comfortably beat Iraq in 
Baghdad, and on his return 
scored three ont of four goals in 
the Mancana in Rio when 
Fbuneago thrashed their old 
rivals Rmhase, the Rio 
champions, 4-L fa front of 
80,000. His fourth goal, fan X 
penally, was the 700th of fate 



Worid Cap team msnegrr hopes 
for the benign surprise of new 
talent, Boland appear to have 
strack laefcy. Playing a depl et ed 
Urngnay team in Montevideo, 
they gave a first cap to Krzysztof 


Baran, who is 26 in July, and a 
I.Kfs 


Names now being bandied 
aboat are those of a former Real 
m a n ag er fa Vafafe Bookov. of 
Yugoslavia, now with Ascofi in 
the Italian second dirisfan, and 
Sepp Pientek, the German team 


Who wfll imrnagf Real Ma- 
drid next season? The me thing 
that scents certain n that k wfll 
not be the pu i wat inenmhent, 
Mofannoy, once their inside 
right, and now the man whom 
they fish out of the backroom 
tHngs are going wrong. 
The dob president, Mendoza, 
still wants Late Angones, man- 
ager of Attttico Madrid, bat 
Respite the fat that he is 
fagfred to pay Angones I5tt 
mflfion pesetas a year, tax free, 
pins bonaaes, he may tea. 


Admiring eyes are also brin g 
cast by Spmntefa dabs on John 
Toshackt the former Wales and 
Liverpool forward who has had a 
good first season with Real 
Sededad of San Sebastian, even 
though they may have lost 
nnmentgm fa recent weeks. 
fWifpri foo* h^o temsaoig ^neth— 
ods at first, he wss proved right 
when the team picked np vig- 
orously fa mid-season 

- Terry Venables, meanwfaBe, 
is havfaahis problems. His one 
consolatNa, as tbe two-leg con- 
test with JarontM fa the Euro- 
pean Cup draws nearer, is that 
Jsveabs themselves have been 
sh e d dfag points lately. The 
su poising 3-fl defeat at Las 
Raima* vfrtnaUy destroyed any 
fofat hope Barcelona have left of 
retaining then- championship. 

On Sends?, against Cadiz, 

Barcelona were without half a 
team because of atfmies and 
suspensions. Among those miss- 
ing was Steve Archibald, who 
was booked m Las Pafanas for 
dissent. He and Victor were 
c ol lect i ng their fourth caution, 
which meam automatic suspen- 
sion. 

At a moment when 


mid field player with 
He scored both Poland's goals fa 
a 2-2 draw. 

Often accused of to 

the old gua rd, Italy’s team 
manager , Enzo Beazzot now 
fin ds hh na e i f fac e d by a cartons 
problem. The best Italian 
sweeper of the moment is 
TortooTs Rente Zacrardti, aged 
35. Tbe moot prolific scorer is 
Roma's hrtrampgeat centre fa- 
void. Roberto Prazxo, who is 31. 
P wou scored all five of Roma’s 


«1 Badmra. 99: Aram 

and Lens. 3ftT(xAGum 31 : Metz rad Wco 

3ft Laval 2ft ftency and IMe 2ft Sodwat 

27. 

1 

£ 
OS 
1. 
12. 

SS pt t : Porto 
3ft Spprtog Sft Gumram SflBoavWi 
2<: o ala n i nam 2ft SUguatroe 21: 

POftnonem e 2ft CMwm 2ft SetubU 1ft 

Academics 1ft Braoa 1ft Am* IS; 
Marttmo 14; RmaMift Covfha 12. 
gW gt Cade 1. Barcelona ft vmado 
U a. Hwams 1; Rml Rtedrtd 2, Same 1; 

cate 0. Wtefc to fl torn Gfon 1 . 


4; 


Brugee2,a3ndBd3: 


Ghent T, SK Bones i. 

^41; ft Bn 



Anderfecht . 

33: Ghent 3ft Waragam 


Antaiera ft FC 

rtry*<2.RVTOMft 
^BHonopmlkna 
Bruges 4ft 8tw«Jer3 
jam 31; Bemren 31. 


Ground offer 


Madrid 3; Bads ft 

' " 1 :~ 


Mkkfletiiroush have offered 
Hartlepool United the use of 
Ayresome Park this season, after 

tbe sating of a new crowd safety 
limit of 3.200 at tbe fourth 
division club's ground. Hartle- 
pool, who have been ordered to 
demolish two stands, have at- 
tracted better support this sea- 
son because of their challenge 
for promotion. 


POOLS FORECAST by Paul Newman 


THHDWBKM 


VAUXHAU/CPEL 


e ve ry 


penalty spoL ZacrarriHhad 
a mamOMS game and 
Torino's goal fat the 1-1 d 
with Jnventas; then found fate 
house had been Uu gh d. Yes, he 
says, fae still has dreams of 
Mexkn, bat fae brifeves that 
BearaN has made np fate mind. 

in the 1978 Worid Cop in 

Argentina, ZarrarriB ws 
midfield player. Benzol was 
incensed wfaca he, the least 
mitttant of ptayezs, was badly 
folded 1^ the Dutch player Aarie 
Haau; after Ih a a 

himself had been maltreated by 
Romeo Beaetti. 

Prazzo has played sporadi- 
cally for Italy but never fofly 
convinced Beant Now, when 
goals are fa sack short supply, 
fie coaid be needed. Meanwhile, 
bespeaks bitterly about tbe way 
Roma bare spent ibis season 
trying unsuccessfully to 
hhu with Verona's 
EDtfaer. 

Brian Glanville is Football 
Correspondent of the Sunday 
Tunes ■ 


HRSTOtVTSJON 


X B Wtogtm u vQPR 
1 Everton v A VQa 
Upawitfiv Meaner 

1 LmaivStoWWod 
XNqttrnFvWMHen 

2 SoussampKn v Man U ' 

2 WBA V Coventry 

Not an esapots Ctaetea 
v WsUarftMan C » Cte- 
fcrrfc Newcatoa v Anarai; 
Totertmn v Lfverpoot 
(Sunday). 


2 Btadqtt v Brims c 

XBnyvNoosCo 

IDartngtonvBmn* 

1 Dartjy v Cwrtfl 

1 Plymootfi v Bolton 

2 Rmcara v Ooncasar 

1 Brtha nup v Bradford 


2 D Bertc a yvTooOHQ 
1 BOfrwrv WaBtiaasM w 
t Famborov Croydon 
1 VtavBaMtchfei 


SCOTTISH 




rGHngham 
Mol Meoupoow Bristol R 
v Swansaft Unco* v 
Wctas; Newport vWalsaS 


X Atordeen v Dundee U 


lOcndmvCMateMc 

it wren 


1 Hearts v St 

2 MotorweSv Celtic 
1 nangwavltoemlM 


FOURTH tXVBftW 


SECOND DIVISION 


1 Bwraiey v MdOeatam 
2BhctoimvPoRaMh 
1 BradkaUvQfenaby 
1 BrwacnvFutnm 

icmacevstefca 
1 HuridersfldvSncteM 

X Hoi v Norwich 
lOUrrnnvMtaal 
1 Shaft U vLeartE 
1 ShrwateyvCartsle 


1 Brartef v ftwrhore 
t Chester v Stockport 
iMtmnpconv Rodxtee 
1 0rient v Vftwhaa 
IPVUevCokMcter 
1 Scunthrps v Aideraht 
ITorquqrvCreM 


SCOTTISH FUST 
IBrechfnrABm - 
XOyrievAMrte 
1 Dumbarton v E Rfe 
1 FatokvFamck 
XFOrhrvHanftan 
1 Khnamocfc vManeuM 

1 Morton vAyr 


SCOTTISH SECOW) 


Not on caopooc ChaMor 
vWMtedon(SmfBy). 


NM on rora me : Cam- 
bridge • Hadtax (Friday): 
Hereford v Preston; 
Southend v MansaeU (Fri- 
^ Snfndon v Harfle - 
:tianmerev 


TREBLE CHANCE (home TiimiTl Or- 
N p ejnstiam Forest. Huft Bury. 

SmnfrarSrteSbiitfStoSSS; 


XAUonveStHng 
1 Cowdenbm v Banrick 
1 Mdnbnk v Aitroatb 
1 0n's Pk v St Am et im 
t Rerih v Stranraer 

X Steitttsmr « Onkntoe 
Not on cm 
Qu ea n off 


jpnnmgtam. NoMa gh am 


S8K&h*v«*.«^s 


ItenchaaBr tinted. Covwfty, 
Doocasbsr.Tooon^ CateL - 1 


sisr "-r* 

HXS» 0008; Hcim ei . Everton. Brighton, 

Darby. Plymouth. Orient Aarnyai Cow- 

friry. Doncaster, Cotttc. Dan Nofflna- 

teamForesL Huft York 


FOR THE RECORD 


AMERICAN FOOTBALL 


RUGBY FIVES 


EUROMCUPPIAY-OFR 
18. BlrmkiOiBin Bids 32. 


CROSSCOUNTRY 


SCOTTISH CHAMPIONSMPSC MK Sn8or 


mi itUbj). i N Mur (Shetttaswo Hame r aL 

37nw 3 mc; 2. N Tamant — 


(Ednb urgrt Soutri- 
Hendaraon (Edn> 


em Harriers). 37* ft C 

burgh SouOism Harriers], SftIB. 

Souttarn Hamers. 7» 

Z Cwawriang Harriers. 144: 3, Ater- 

tean AAC. 294. Mar a mtesk 1. S Began 

term), 25»rtnS3 aac : zn 
and Owner}. 26* 3.^ T Hanlon 


Soutfiam HsrriorsL 2&30. 
It AAC. 77: 


1. KftarehanAAC.77: 2, Eonburgh 

^ , Hamers, toft ft UWigsron and 

Oarnctm Wowa« State pKaWaa]: 1.J 

. aq. 


__ . . . M Oxtaaf H7-M 

ara t w a S aSSTchirSa M 

CMarehant Tastes' sid Sr Jour# 11-lft H 
MMMatei (Sadbargh and Lmcom) M P M 
WriBW® Paurs and St John s] iM; P j 
D rwy (AUayn s sid St CaOwtna'S bet to t 
JactesijHugbf »#d Tntejr HaR) e£. Doo- 

Me«i Pe nny yd Ossy as Jackson and K 

Skxkter B«dbor«i and QumosI 15-1. IS- 
IS, and loat Id Tra r n eBan and O Moor (Sr 

DuratanrsandCtea)0-l5. 2-15.- Stamp andC 

Ha*? (Raaey and Unco^l« to 
Tramaeanand Moar is-ift 12-1 ft a«j Ratio 
JaWwy SroddsiMS-14. 6-15: MUfleion 


REAL TENNIS 


a^briteabridlBa CMtea 4-1 MCC ftert N 
? Patter fr4. fc-i: p asm » h 




PHochWC 

bat id A Hanraa 1-646. 


tBaddq 


HANDBALL 


and M Ktean d (Whfr yn and aWriri mar to 

terli 11-1S. 6-15. -and U fl 


223*2;ftj 


Ptepavi HantesL {l mol 

Track CWt), 1540: ft CBalnMcttft Park 


wntfn and Morris .... 

OscromScDuRstan'aandOanvnaandCauri 


WIBHCUftMaft niiikii HiiaU Ti bjITT 

&*atpan e_l6. tetenhead 18: Lmerpad 31. 

Ltexeter 73 15. Wanrafs onnteTtlnai 

WateWd.Maam Sw tSTTroSS 

JJ* Dana ft Hatewod Toafl 

j^tes 13. Sattorii LacMa 1*. Cteeanga 

ra^Oeorse Ehot (HtwsdcnJ 5. Bedted 


CURLING 


AAC. 87. 


pnewtaPark 
waonaPark 
ft Aoamaan 


O te gra nt: The Jetton tot to Bmr 

ttevanay and beat Exanr Rughy Rm ciufai 


LANARKSHnE: 
Ladtoscna 
ersjbt Ayra 


Hnefc Hamaun (hold- 


TABLE TENNIS 


FOOTBALL 


ORIENTEERING 


HAUBtHATKeiAL LEAQUE Preeder <M- 




n a £ mli V rtvtow pcor- 

^s^ bbs,on:i 


tHh*M y Nor- 


{Denda).Ba.iaWc«antt3Heu;1.GH*ie 

® orthef IL, £tovfcpegf»j. 66S3; ft s owe 

89 *3; ft .C Ke’ 


YACHTING 


Kaftp totelWd Unaft 


MARATHON RELAY 


*Wrj BBe*D BOUND THE. WORLD RACE: 


LEITH MLL: London 

f.TMUUn 

M Brett (Brifish AnatL 
(Londont 73.00. 


TOKOHAtU (JAPAIft Woimn-a «ton ato- 


T Kaye 


3, N ^^-^^- 428<ic:2 - USA - 




r 


.fc-r 


vf 


title 


-a* ' ^ 


ti* 1 


6-3 iB tagt a co mp a tri ot. An- 
drew Gaik, who g r ad uated m 
j^ggk etfa g fast mouth after 
spending mow tijao few years 
at Wichita Sate University oh a 

P ima scholarship. Castle came 
back to EttfasKi fiff the Satellite 
Series. is flood fan”, he 
said yesterday* "ft is better than . 
siting in tbe dassroont”. 

t>tie was never taken to 
deuce on his own to-vioe, is- the- 
first set aad bad three sec wants 
fa tbe tic-bmflk. Bat'WhiAdlo, 
having served . two” double- 
{knits, won the tie-break by 
; I fib point, fa 


the match as* 
lost only 24 points is 20 service 
games. 

Mortem ChrHfoiwen raved 2 
match points, before, beating 
Robin Drysdaleai Queen's Oife. 
last week. Yesterday the score 

was 6-2, 6-2 because 

Christeasea’s form was bener 
and Drysdak's worse. Stephen 
Botfidd. who bad to win Two 
play-off matches to qualify. Sa- 
tire 16-man “Mastered, came 
bade from 1-4 down to win tbe 
second set but was overpo w ered 
by Jan Wiflecn Lodder. wbowm 
6-4, 6-7, 6-2. 

Other titan the fact that ihe 
seeefings did not seem 10 count 
for much, the odd thing yer- 
terday was tiiat at 2am the dub 
manager was trying to mop up a 
damp patch on one of the 
courts. Later the tournament 
matches were shifted to another 
hall while the components of die 
roof -.were mnzopxL A damp 
patch .oa an indoor court? 
Uncommon, but by.no means 
unique. This is England. j 

BUST R0UMH.1A Men' s Mo or 


teRBartand. ft Orom 


221:03: 6. Inland, 


ft Britan, 


K ff juk 9”? ^ * PNgwDi ft Lteilte* 


iSX.’a.Wr” 1 ’®'®* 1 


730 iBtesa staSBd 

FOOTBALL 
Inter nati o na l match 
Saudi Arabia v Wafas (4.45) 
IDkCifa 

Semi-final, first leg 
Aston VJb v Oxford tinted 
Second tfivfafan 
Barnsley v Sheffield United 
HuddansMd «rHul 
fcWtfertxou^i v Grimsby 
TMfddrvieion 
Blackpool vLkJcoh City 

Buy vBa&on W 


TODAY’S FIXTURES 


OOU LEAGUE: 

Chatenham. Bob 

■rate Attrinchau 


Maitetona. 

VAUXHALL-OPEL 


TeQorrf v 
Quarter- 
Bwnet v 


L£AOW: Fvaoriar if- 


"SSfer * ***** WMtfikir v 

on Uretod v 


YaowL PDte pgpact Suaon M 

— Bd 


aemtreti v Bafaetea 

jSS raBSS "^*”* CUP: SMI 

ssamnarsat^, 

unmsoown Rovara; Woodford v 
Ooraifljh: Woking v Lsftotr 




liter- 


Chestei field vPhnnouth ' 
Woftertwmpton 


Oartngtonv 
Fourth tfivisioo 

Colchester v Crewe 
North am pton v Orient 
Southend v Halifax 
Wrexham v Hartlepool 

Scottish first cfivfakm 

Brechin v Clyde 
Scottish second (fiviafon 

St Johnstone v Maadowbenk 


W 


ftggaafta iS 

^teW^—ftManaSNdvNoto 

FOOTBALL 


WiQBbH! 

Pvutae or wSdJf" 


V 

Hoad. 


Rrners v Watt Hoa 


coMmwtioife 


Bristol 


Intfa. 

..RUGBYUMON 

M°tolayv Dte ia Vte , L 

OTHER sport 

CteM Oamos UK v 


{S^n* 



SOUTKBM LEAGUE: . ____ 

Tring). MUand 

Sreoy Qranawn 


»»>■ SB? * * '#» *** » 

^Fuuao. oxford v Cam- 








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a p/oz* 

r - rJ*' M 

V ' ‘ 




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for cu p 
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r^wiyafiBS' 




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*Sta* n 

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... ..• * 'V^r - 

***** ► ’ -r.._ ■” 
i. ^ Af- t-„‘ ' ,*‘ ' ’ 

«***« 
i^.icr i-.H- f . 

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le Phew 

"" 

■* 


RUGBY UMinu ~~ 1 ™ 'nMES TUESDAY JTB R UARY 25 1986 

iyr ~-~^Cy?j{QN: ENGLAND MAKE FIGHT CHANGES AFTER MI1RRAYF1ELP nrmpi r? 

Nettlragaspedbuffruit uprooted 


spor: 


aPb i^iyoimiiient fell by 
¥“*»■ after 
SSf S r mw * .J«iaraiion 

SteMsS 

two of them poatiww^^ 
that beaten 33-6 at 
Murrayfield. a * 

The entire threeqnarter line 

is overturned, 

J^sfand QriJcott, the Bath 
Prop, returns for his second 
«P«Jppse head. AiSmS 
much change there are only 

^^ftssss^saj: 

^Jtwrsdy), K CS 3 l mm « 

aeyjj. »»«<» mm% % 


futgham flank forward, whose 
Wternati onal career so fer has 
Men marred by disappoint- 

. wmtobonop, m the back row 
on a left and right basis; both 
men are accustomed to play- 
ing on the open side. Hall, 
the Bath flank forward is- the 
only player who began the 
Muirayfield match not now 
available because of injury. 
Sadly his club colleague, 
r^oman is out of the squad. 

his max on the replacements’ 
S®™ going to Peter Cbok 
(Nottingham). 

*1 wonder if by grasping a 
jew nettles, some of the good 
nuii has not been uprooted 
too. Toe failure at Murrayfield 
was of the forwards yet sub- 
SS*® 1 “W bas been ap- 


Msa* 


ni v - 




. #* . 


..a i 


•v^X- 


nami. w - .J*— » (Noting- r‘ „' JU » orey as good as the k 

S3S» * °f co ^ n trough the fo£££ ^ 

£%**Vey)' D nehStt; via . «*» half-backs, who re- -> 
_ . 013111 the same because there ' M 

aSagi a?**-'*--—: 

PttQ- 


>AaMSuv% 

» (Sale) p Cook 
•k^SHmeotBia 


mam the same because there 
are no obviously better candi- 
dates. 

The weakness of the three- 
quarters at Murrayfield was in 
thdr passing, which was ap- 
palling. Yet that is the evi- 




captainX 




. . ^ 

~2'& 
• ; fiSt 

. . ■ ‘i 




gSMrss 


■ — V— -»W. muituva, 

^mon .was an important bridge captain of recent times 

Davies. Bailey and Hasting^ 8 

constant Scottish flood. _ Chilcotfs sdection ahead of 
The argument for dough Kendall was predicted but the 
and Simms win be their B®th man will have to demon- 
ramiliarrty as a dub pairing straje good lineout support 
but lb ey played together only a wor * c 35 well as his more 
handfiil of times last term a Sp csslv e scrummaging. His 
before foe University ™»*rh °“? r came against Aus- 
tmd not entirely successfully h?ha two years ago and it has 


cn dl forges ahe 


< T ~*« * - 


i’rro 


Richards, the Lei^eate-iKT SS >rc rt f e V^versity maid 
who take the daces nW ^ not cohrely successfully 
tively of Halliday (Ba^O^S SSJI 10 Cam “ 

Robbins (CovSy) J H C n“ P ? 1 5?? !d at **& 
Harrison, the Wakefield l£^K92 U8h . d !4i 10t - play “ 

nghl at^^nse /rf SmSh ^^ BCentl y b** 30 * of the 
(WaspsX allowing Underwood That ' « . 

Utuveratv centre m , helpe d hj? restoration 


New caps: Clough (left) in the centre and Richards at No 8 

. - -- 


t^en him that long to work 
on the charge of being an ill- 

nicnnl^uJ -1 T ... 


don last season mid this has 
helped towards a recall. 

I believe Rees should have 


- auumu nave caps; I hone h 

been part of the team from the better fortune. 

Start At It i. 1 rrm_ _ 


SSS? al ^f yers ? Te ^ capable of j-esterday with covers going on 
adapting themselves. the unfrozen areas Slight 

i+ZXTuZH? ne ^P r mucb 10 "me and RFU officialsre- 
mo ose between Robbins and main optimistic thatthe game 
Richaids for the No 8 posi- will go ahead, 
tu^ Robbins received the France have made two 
srai of approval from his changes in their side to beat 
selectors playing to Wales in Cardiff on Saturday: 
f. E?®® Pi 33 - Since Dennis Charvet and Enc 

SSifS 1 i °° T ^ e ^ nce for BonnevaL the Toulouse play- 
SSrtfc 1 , ggbriy s°r- ^ replace Chadebech and 
out ‘ &! ® ve at centre and left wing 
no* respectively and Modin, the 
realized earlier. Ten years Brive scrum hall; joins the 
ago another Leicester No 8, replacements. 

Atfey, was chosen for Charvet played for Maior 

bedSStIfS^ <?nal0I1,yl0 Slan,e 5 , ’ s xv against Oxford 
P* Hmversity last November and 
caps; ! hope his successor has made a tremendous 


■ -.f 1 ' - 

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iff 

•*.. *. 

■ * i > ■ ref 

!-->• -T • J*’. • - • 

>, it-v f «■' i -. •. 


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it.-ir ti-t.' 

- - 


*T? >•?-- 

■vs ~ .. 


f • . ►- • - • , 

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---- — . viuu uuuunuge 

university centre, means that 
five of the Northern backs 
who played in the divisional 


_ * ■WHJAttUUU 

alter he won five caps last 
season and in the cup mareh 
between OrreD and Bath last 


spirit t d coni peti? 


* *** 


battl« k«. ,T i “tween OrreD and Bath last 

- wsssafissa 

Mm international midfield. 
in me pack Kees, the Not- Qough jg the fourth Cam- 

RUGBY LEAGUE ~ — — 

New dates Cole sho 

«%3« -2£22° 

By Kdth Maddia Whfle Michael Dicktesoa k 

r T ^„ wb ofcsa , eixK | |xjne i i i ent aai . b ** t '.<■ >«WnK_derehip- 
of Silk Cut ChaUwiy Cud TO * t * ° *h® **«« Saagster- 
matefaes has forced the Rugby ^!"^ R 5?“? B ^ c,08d y®“ r «W 
League to put bode the second ™ .Cale is aaly too 

round matches from next Sun- .» awe . pMed tom 

day to the following weekend, w “* tcoa »^ Ms own 

March 8 and 9. The last of the show-place which 

first round matches, Fulham v DkHagaa 

Barrow, will be played on y te ^ * sadden 

Wigan’s centrally healed pitch 2??^ ***** 

ai Central Park lomonow night y*.™MManton had came 
(7J0). ® ™ w ™. 

The original date for the i-^SSLS^LP* 1 ®’ *9?* **> 
second round was last weekend. 

but with several first round 

matches still unptayed. the , «*wwatod Qnecn 

remainder of this week was A me tease tog ether sAk tts 
allocated. Now the league has 
decreed that the second round d ^ TC 

The draw fix- the third round ty^ soMCtimcs haamdopj pro. 


sttrt. As it is he, 
Wintefbottom and Richards, 
aged 22, wifl have their work 
cut oat finding the cohesion 
necessaiy to a good back row. 
Generally speaking England 
have placed little credence in 
the left and right system which 

f no T7*ra>i 1 1 1 ■ f • ■ 


There were fitness checks 
yesterday and there will be 
more today on various players 
who left Murrayfield carrying 
bumps and bruises. The squad 
meets tomorrow evening hop- 
ing thw do not have for to 
Jravelfor training an Thurs- 


^ J . . wu "- u travel ror tramina on Thur^- 
lhe French are employing tins day. The Twickenham 
season, bull hope that inter- surfree had the sun P M^u 


RACING 


Cole should rekindle flame 
of victory at Whatcombe 




of the competition will now be 
made on March 10, with the 
draw fix' the semi-finals on 
March 17. A foil fen g w r pro- 
gramme will now be played as 
s chedul e d next Sunday. 

• There are three new caps in 
the Great Britain squad for the ; 
return international w gafnicf 
France at Wigan on Saturday: 
the centre, Tony Marchant, of 
Casdeford; the scrum haff Gra- 
ham King, of Huns let; and 
another second row forward, 
Neil James, of Halifix. 


SQUAD; M Bote (WUnss), D OmnoeM 
P te (F a H w ra loo^, E Hahy 
O Kina {Human J Lyrfoa 


iJOnyrton 




3 * '■* 


f'; l .Zi ? 




.. .si: 




i ****L^~- 






JUDO 

Adams out of 
competition 
for rest of year 

BrFUfrNidmn 

Ndl Adams, the Olympic 
silver medal winner, has un- 
expectedly decided to withdraw 
from all com p etit i ons until the 
end of the year. The change of 
heart is not, Adams insists, die 

prelude to retirement 

“1 am absolutely dear in my 
mind my main goal re- 
mains the Olympic title in South 
Korea in 1988 because it is the 
one mqjor title that, has eluded 
me,” he said.“Bm it has become 
equally dear to me over the past 

few weeks that in order to 
prep are realistically for the 
Olympics and tne world 
champ ionships next year 1 have 
to re think my judo completely.” 

Adams, aged 27, pointed out 
that be bad been competing at 
top international level since 
1 974, and each year since he has 
won at least one medal m a 
major competition. 

“I have known for some time 
that I am getting state, 'very 

stale, and this was shown by my 
performance at the test wrid 
* championships. I seed to wodc 
on new tccfeakpei, both te , 
throws and ground work, out 
away from the spotlight.” 

Now, Adams suggests he may | 
fight for the first time tins year i 

in llto British trials in December j 


i For the beautifeUy idtoUshol 
. wd greatly ranwted Qneea 
5 Ajme^tease together with Ms 
JlO-fcaxcmpfex— the maia yard 
homes 100 mid there are 10 
! faoh»tioubox«-is a farcy from 
; Hill House, the yard Chat he 
; bondnontheedgeofLamboani 
m 1M7 prior to embarking an 
this sometimes hazmdoas pro- 
ksrioo the fedowiim year with 
hnt 11 horses, fireofwUch sm 
by Barimy Phxte. 

To describe WhatnmAe as a 
show-place is cfightly orer- 

the pnddiag as Cafe 
»meir wotdd be the first to 
aw**. But Mrifahg what 
bas been achieved there is the 
but 10 months, M is still little 
shmt of a rewdatian. Apart finam 
an equine swtomdag pool which 
may or may not be pat in, aH the 
heavy work has been finhdhed. 

“^»w the place jnst bas to be 
txKed np aad landscaped” was 
the way Cole pat it to me when 
the weather was fit for neither 
task. Already the situation fa 
Myflfc; the peace aad tnuquifity 
almo st over coming. 

“Everything is grea t ben: 
training should be rosy! 

Whether we get any wfnra, j 
tnm alone wffl teB”, Cefe says. : 

After lying idle hr a whBe, it 
is nice to see Whatcombe being | 
restored becanse Sts roots go t 
hack deep into the history of I 
Englash lacmg, jast as the rants < 
of the &*5S that make ttese 1 




k, i 


Ririm^dS^A^XtS 

prurapafiy Gimcrack looked at 
Eari of Caenmrron. Nomination’s merev. 


deep into the north -d«5*m to 
provide that great expanse of 

I M IlilBl 


Dming the last 100 yean 
W h a to o mb e^s slice of htetory 
has bero pnnetnated with some 
of the great names. After it. has 
bero bought by the l ega od aiy 
RC Dawson tow ard s the rod of 
the last cnatnry, the stables 
became the home af some of tte 

most fiomns hones in the Sfhd 

Book; (her owners the great 
■ patrons of the tuL 
Among the harees that Saw- 

son bronght with him from 
Ireland was Drogheda, with 
whom he won the Grand Nn- 


“ Phal Cole: team of talented 
h three-year-olds 

* £??!_*? Soon afterwards 
Dawson tinned his iMwWw i to 

- “dSSSSSSlSSSS 

R After neriu to Newmarket 
> for the daratnm or the First 
t World War, Dawson returned to 
t Whatcombe in 1919 and did not 
! waste time in hitting the head- 
1 tines. The tbnowfng year he 
i bought Btsndbrd who became 
! fae of the peat sires of histone 
before Ms death in 1935. He is 
! tamed at Whatcombe. 

1 ^ It was whOe he was there that 
Dawson was champion trainer 
twice rod won six of his right 
^kroira. Be also trained that 
flying filly, Mmntaz Mahal, who 
tostal regarded as being one of 
for fastest of all tuaeTThe Aga 
j®? 0 ' J*? ?»' hud Us horses 
beamed by Dawson from 1922 to 

Whatoombe’s 
rok wnh the great Epsom 
ctasaic waste be taken ashme 
rerfoer when Arthm- Bndgett: 
Cole's predecessor, won the 

Deriqru 1969 «Mi Bfakeney, a ■ 
hone that he both bred and 
owned and repeated the feat foar j 

years later with foe coif’s half . 
brother, Morstoa. 

Situated halfway np a 
narrowisb valley to foe kft of foe l 
tain ShcAsrd-Wantoge HmJ M i 
fe smronmled by Ms own pad- | 

gefoer with those on a long ■ 
taae^ amount to. 49 0 acres. I 
nose downfend gallops, with I 


weather strip that accom- 
reodates. three abreast 

When many of Ms contem- 
poraries have opted for barn- 
type stabling along the 
American lines. Cole has gpae 
for the traditional open V- 
■haped yard with an angular 
tiled root 

Co te Is entitled to look for- 
ward to foe msniiig season with 
relish wfth such nice three-year- 
olds as _ Nomination and 
Nomrood n his care.' Nomtoa- 
tion was allocated 9st 4U» in 
Geoffrey Gibbs’s Free Handi- 
cap, only 3U» below the top, with 
Nomrood on 9st 

It fa possible to reason that 
No mm a tion pot ap foe 
performance of a two- year-old 
last season when he left Green 
Desert (winner of the July 
Stakes and Flying CfcHdeis 
Stakes), Stalker (Gimcrack 
Stakes a nd Middle Part Stakes) 
and Bold Arrangement (Sofario 
Stakes) baiting in his wake at 
Goodwood when he won the 


have such a depth of cnsUoniag 
that k i$ sometimes hard to even 
hear the thoroughbred 

approaching at a speed a ^ os 
40 notes an hoar. 

Now Ode bas added on aB- 


Outlook stays gloomy 

, 1 . _• 


L Nomhtttion’s mercy. 

J “Why then did be not nm?” 1 
t asked Ms handler. The answer 
* was twofold. First, the colt had 
t to have a break if he was to be 
- fresh for the Dewhonst after 
; Ms season as earty as 

■ Aprfi; second, that rest was in 
tact forced qnn him eventually 
by an attack of ringworm. 

In the event Neutinatiou 
seemed to find foe distance 
(seven furlongs) of the Dewhmst 
a shade too tar which fa strange 
for one by Dominion «■< of a 
mare by Rarity. Later in the 
season, Nomination again ap- 
peared to not quite fast oat seven 
fortwigs when he finished fourth 
m the Criterinm de Mafaons- 
TjIShb 

. So perhaps tike Prune Domi- 
nie, another tast sen of Domm- 
in. No m i n a ti on will tnraontte 
be a sprinter pore and simple 

iSSS^**"*®*"*- 

Asfor Nomrood, Cole is 
inclined to think that a mile and 
a quarter will turn oat to be his 
Emit, even though he is by the 
Arc winner. Alleged. EEs dam is 
by Ha bitat, hence foe doobt, a i 
thought fuelled by the tact that i 
Ms abler brother. Alleging, I 
glmwed Ms best form b e tw een a < 
■tile and 19 furlongs. Bnt by 1 
brotiag the highly rated i 
P— fohgar at Newmarket first « 
fnae oto aad thro finishing third i 
m the Wafiam Hill Fi&% (ge c 
P® rahsemiuiilj) moved ro a 1 
gfo? ro foe dfaqaafifination of b 

Arrangement) Nomrood -u 
fffl served notice of better a 


s not respectively and Modin, the 
years Brive scrum half; joins the 
<fo 8, replacements. 

□ for Charvet played for Major 
tlyto Stanley's XV against Oxford 
;two University last November and 
r has made a tremendous impres- 
sion. Both newcomers played 
leeks m the second international I 
] be against Japan in October, in I 
tyers their club positions of centre, I 
ying and Bonneval played on the I 
load wing against Argentina last I 
flop- summer. For both men it will I 

r to be their first appearance in the I 
lurs- five nations championship I 
fing and means there is no place I 
) it for Codorniou. | 

ROWING I 

Oxford 
rise to 
challenge I 

By Jim Raifton | 

Oxford gained an important | 
psychological lift on the Tide- I 
vay at the weekend while I 
-amondge were finally defeated I 
a Ely by Jack Frost in their I 
) repara lions for the Boat Race I 
m Marrii29(3.15L I 

After flirting with their re- I 
CTves, Isis, on Samrday, Ox- 1 
Md comfortably saw off the I 
haflenge of Vesta, who only the I 
wekend before last had given I 
tembridge some problems. I 

Oxford raced Vesa over three I 
wen-minute set pieces on Sun- I 
ay and took three, 2 Vt and I 
Iniost three lengths succes- 1 
vdy. Perhaps the most im- 1 
ortant piece was from I 
Wandsworth to Putney, with I 
esta having a considerable I 
md advantage. Oxford, under- I 
UQg their rivals, moved out to I 
comfortable lead. The final I 
fering was a stretch from I 
i tney Bridge to Hammersmith I 
idge. Oxford, on the Middle- I 
x station, again dominated. I 
As a prelude ou Saturday, I 
tford took on their reserves I 
d covered 16 miles up and I 
wn the Putney to Mortlake | 
ampionship course. They I 
minaied throughout. I 

rhis outing in particular pro- I 
led the opportunity to exam- I 
foe profile of this year’s I 
ford crew. The power base is I 
rious in the two experienced I 
year-old Californians, Clark I 
I Livingston, rowing in the I 
lb and seventh seats respec- 1 
:lv. Both tower at 6ft 6inand I 
rage i4st between them. The I 
ericans row long, powerfully I 
I consistently. | 

Cambridge have been frus- I 
sd by foe weather but I 
Jrding to their chief coach, I 
a Inns, are still on schedule. I 
strong, however, as their I 
ar shell might be, it is not an I 
breaker. The weather closed I 
o Sunday and the Ouse at I 
turned to ice. Ely is never a 1 
ical isle this time of the year. I 
sequently Cambridge, foe I 
Race favourites, will be I 
a on foe Tideway for most I 
ext week. The Cambridge I 
' have recovered from a flu I 
bug and some back strains. I 
Campbell, no doubt under a I 
little pressure, -albeit it is hard I 
to imagine this lough faMrfim I 
coach giving an inch — has I 
restored Cambridge to their I 
original order of sdection. I 
Broughton is back at stroke! 
backed by foe full inter- 1 
nationals, Gibson, Pritchard | 
and Peel I 


— the start of the.hand prepara- 
tion fin- the worid chamraon- 
shrps in West Germany m 1987. , 


Tire freezing weather continues 
to disrupt the. fixture list. 
Tomorrow's meetings at 
Worcester and Wetherby have 
been abandoned because of 
frost.Today'5 cards at 
Ftompton, Kelso and Notting- 
ham were lost doe to frost and 
snow. 

The stewards wifl inspect foe 
course at Ludlow today to 
decide the fete of Thnrsday*s 
meeting. Bob Davies, the ckrk 
of the course said; “The course 
is frozen and the rihanr»* of 
racing are mL” The Irish meet- 
ing at leopardstown toagtaro w 
innges on a 2J0pm inspection 
today. 


Following the abandonment 
of 95 meetings becanse of bad 
weather the Jockey Gnb have 
announced replacement fixtmes 
as followsiSedgefidd, April 4; 
Newcastle. April 10; Southwell 
April 10; Towcester, April 11; 
Wefoerby, April 14; Catterick, 
Apri I 15; Joatwdl Park. April 
IS; Warwick, April 18; &r&le, 
April 21; Flumpton, April 21; 
Noamgham. April 22t Her- 
rford, April 25; *dgefidd, April 
29 (evemug); Folkesime, April 


Italian wins 
in Australia 

The L ong John European 
apprentice champion. Vincano 
Mezzaieaa, has ridden his first 

whmer in Aurtralia at Baflaiat, a 

provincial track in Vfctori* . hfa 

first success from six rides so fer 

for the veteran Melbourne 
trainer, George Hanlon, who 
has twice won the Melbourne 
Cup. 

Messatesta, aged 19 from 
Rome, is spending a month in 
Australia as his prize for win- 


Oxfond and Cambridge will , 
this weekend be cmerlained by 
London University’s past and 
present oarsmen in the guise of 
their first eight ami Tyrian. 
255*®: ¥_A**“tan.<St Otawa 


(evening); Strafford-on-Avou, 
May ? (evroing); Ayr, May 14 
(evening); Worcester May 14. 


said of tire young Italian - who 
guided Nome Tmjar, favourite 
in a one utile handicap to 
victory - “I am very pleased 
with mm. He rode very well 





LEGAL APPOINTMENTS 

I I Commercial Lawyer | 

Bank of Scotland, a UK dearing bank, is continuing to expand Us [ 
operations in England and now seeks to recruit a further lawyer to I 
strengthen the Law Department at its London Chief Office. I 

This senior position calls for experience of banking and company I 
and commercial work, if wiff involve drafting and agreeing loan I 
end security documentation as wefl as deafing with insolvencies I 
and support operations. The applicant will be required to offer I 

to the management of the Bank, accordingly a knowledge I ; 
of banking practice would be a distinct advantage. Above ail. the I 
requirement is for a lawyer who can communicate effectively, orally I 
and in wnting, at ail levels within the Bank and with customers and I 
their professional advisers. I 

Reporting to the Law Manager, the successful candidate is likely to I 
have had approximately five years’ post-qualification experience I 
enner in private practice or in the legal department of a substantial I 
commercial organisation. I 

^^P^ uIarf y Cresting and demanding post whichwoutd I 
provide the ambitious with scope for further career development I 
opportunities in other areas of the Bank. An attractive salary wilt be I 
offiwBd, together with excellent hinge benefits including car \ 

sete/ro, preferential mortgage and non-contributory pension. I 

Male and female candidates are invited to submit their I 

appbcatnns accompanied by a detailed c.t.. f I 

the term of their current remuneration package, to: 1 

G.P. Twist. Manager. Law Department, Bank of Scotland. I 
London Chief Office. 38 Threadneedte Street, London EC2P 2EH. I 


0> ^ 0 BAHK OF SC0TLABTD 

_ A FRIEND FOR TIFF 


Assistant Secretary/ 
Head of Secretariat 


Recently qualified Barrister, Solicitor or AOS? 

Bring your specUbt skMs to the AA 

0X13,500 Hampshire 

sassSSSasassss— 

your brief wW 


broad 10 8** 18 

SSSSS^^a 

g PPF. contributory pension scheme and relocation 


K*®SS"*“ d '“ 

AA THE AUTOMOBILE yffiSOCI/ITlON 

^umHouse, Basing View Basingstoke. Hants 
RG21 2EATel: Basingstoke 492971 


' Assistant to the 

Regional General Counsel 

A globally recognised name. Visa is the 
world s number one financial services 

^ *>y "early 16,700 member 
institutions in close to 160 countries. We 
currently require a lawyer to assist our 

Kvi^Sf 0 * 1 " 86 ' in a Challe "9*"9 

,00k !^ for a fa,, y qualified lawyer 
wmj 2/3 years Commercial Law experience. 
EECor^ademark experience would be 
particularly useful. Efficient and capable. 
y™™* wi, i involve some travel, and 
tnerefore a European language would be 
advantageous, though not essential. 

In addition to a competitive salary, we offer 
a generous benefits package including free 
if®^ rance ’ a Private Patients Plan, a non- 
contributory pension and mortgage 
assistance after two years with us. To apply, 
please forward your c.v. to: Wendy Oliver" 

B eCl iSJ T, ? nt 0fficer » v *sa International, P.O. 

Box 253, London, W8 5TE. 




SENIOR 

LEGAL ADVISER 

up to £254)00 phis car 

European Headquarters in the NortlSSStonwCoSiifeL 


impHcaflons attached. 

48S5 SBSW; 

nBSaEMaahK 


'WERnSlNG -SEARCH -SELECTION 

■•'NH'fiAMtfHNCHESu; 




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Partnership 

Prospects 


Company and 
Commercial 




Commercial 

Conveyancing 


Commercial 

Litigation 


Apply to: &afl Partner. 
Daimtaey House, Fredericks 
Piece, C8d Jewry, London 
GC2R BOB <01400 2393) 


MIDDLETON POTTS & CO offer the 
opportunity to energetic young lawyers 
of doing a wide variety of stimulating 
City work in the environment of a 
rapidly expanding international practice. 
Candidates should have the personality 
and ability to acquire partnership status 
within a comparatively short time and 
have experience in one or more of the 
following areas of law within our three 
main departments: 

— international banking and finance 
(including syndicated loans and ship 
finance); Insurance; general 
company work; tax; commercial 
agreements; intellectual property 
law; pension schemes; employment, 
law; 

— general commercial conveyancing 
In substantial and complex 
transactions, including development 
and funding work, security 
documentation and planning law; 

— High Court litigation and arbitration 
in substantial cases involving 
shipping, Insurance, commodities, 
banking, and/or genera) company 
and commercial law. 


MIDDLETON POTTS & CO 


Electronic Banking Law 
SOLICITOR 


We are looking for an able and ambitious solicitor 
to take up a challenging new opportunity in our 
Banking Group. 

The position is to assist a partner engaged in the 
developing field of Electronic Banking/Securities 
law. 

This unique opportunity will appeal to someone, 
probably in their late 20s or early 30s, with experi- 
ence in corporate, banking or intellectual property 
law, who has a working knowledge of or interest 
in computers. 

The rewards both professionally and financially are 
very attractive. 

If you would like to find out more, please write 
sending complete CV to Michael Charteris-Black, 
14 Dominion Street London EC2M 2RJ. 


SIMMONS & SIMMONS 


Scope for Spreading Wings 

c £18/000 to £22,000 


British Airways has vacancies 
for lawyers to play an important role 
in our small team of legal professionals 
based at Heathrow 

In a rapidly changing airline 
environment witfi great emphasis on 
competition and with the forthcoming 
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legal function has become increasingly 
important and the posts offered will 
be demanding. 

■ Intelligence, energy and aptitude 
will be preferred to previous airline 
experience. The successful candidates 
will probably be In their OTsor early 
30's with at least two or three years 
post qualification experience In 


commerce* industry. Government or 
private practice (either as a solicitor . 
oratthebar): , • . 

Wbrkarising from British Airways 
business both m the UK and overseas 
includes commercial contract drafting, 
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competition law. In addition there is 
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A competitive basic salary will 

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including profit-sharing, a contributory 
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Please write with a full cm. td> 


Mike Colbert General Manner-Career . 
Management, British Airways Pic. 
"Meadowbank", P.O. Box 59, 
Hounslow, TW5 9QX. 

Previous applicants will be taken , 
into consideration and therefore need 
not' re-apply * 



British 

airways 


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The world's favourite airline 





Sobering Holdings Limited, the holding company 
for Schertng companies in the UK. is offering you' 
an opportunity to develop your skills in the attrac- 
tive and prosperous city of Cambridge. The 
Group has an annual UK turnover well in excess 
of £150 million in its pharmaceutical, industrial 
chemicals and agrochemicals businesses. 

We are developing and strengthening our central 
Legal Department which will be responsible for 
all legal aspects of the companies' operations, 
inducting negotiating and drafting pew commer- 
cial agreements related to the Group's research 
and development and manufacturing and 
trading activiiies. many of an international 
character, ft will also be iesponsible for dispute 
resolution; property transactions; employment 
law.- the interpretation and application of 
legislation, both national and international; 
and providing legal services of a varied and 
challenging nature. 


A subsidiary of Severing AG, Vlfest Germany 


Wfe have Ihe foOawtng two vacancies: 

Company Solicitor 

Reporting to the Company SecretcriY. a solicitor 
with at Ieast5 yeas' retevantqualified experience' 
to manage the Legal Department and to handle 
major assignments. 

Assistant Solicitor: 

A solicitor with one or two years' qualified experi- 
ence to handle a large volume of xtommacicS 
agreements, provide general legal advice and 
be respoaabtefo conveyancing. - 

Bothpost5vviflattradac^ 
accompanied by a range of benefits, including 
relocation assistance where, appropriate: 
The Company Soficjtor post win also include a . 
company car 

Please send a full cv to Mr N T Srrtth/.Schenng 
Holdings Limited, Hauxton. Cambridge CB2 5HU 

SCHERING 



* 


Walker Martineau 

SOLICITORS 

K We arc constantly looking for bright able and enthusiastic lawyers 
ansion at both our offices. Current vacancies include 


M of London 

E. 3m m Oasart 

AsoUUnf uxidlor wtUt drive 
aod mUwmtni required Co 
uuqauon Mun 
mail. Minimum a yen 
Honaiimuanniannm 
reauirM. £ Aaracuit + 
drruue mi o w e t v 


OM nUMM practice r* 
aufr young mUiiHMic 
hournor to tain IWWMci Oe 
paruwnt. Primarily 

mimna work and anwa 
r» invMvmwtH. Salary 
MOhty Competitor. 

Sormy/W. In 


ConuMim aollmar. newly 
wouftM ud io S yren r'-M’ 
\am nnnwnrr. required 
by ntodiuni am) pryticr 
lur mannrui nmirvior 
in, wrtKaii Saury 
wwl»t«r AAE 


i arm m u l lr mi j i 


giwTersonnel 

Slafl specialist ruff* SI 
leipl profession laortOwkJe 
B5 AJawjdi, London WC2B4JF. 
7« DT-24?OT05 m m> 


due to expansion 


the following positions: 


COMPANY/ COMMERCIAL - 
LONDON OFFICE 
2-4 years Qualified solicitors with 
sound City background to undertake 
corporate finance, banking and 
general commercial work. The work 
is demanding with considerable 
client contact. 

TAX AND ESTATE PLANNING 
-THAMES VALLEY OFFICE 
1-3 years qualified to undertake 
high quality tax and estate planning 
work in our specialist department 
acting for substantial private and 
corporate clients with an interesting 
offi-shore emphasis. 


COMPANY/COMMERCIAL — 
THAMES VALLEY OFFICE 
Unusual and interesting post for a 
solicitor qualified 3 years or over 
with sound company/ commercial 
experience to undertake corporate 
finance and general work for UK 
and overseas Dusiness clients in this 
fast growing region. 

NEWLY QUALIFIED 
SOLICITORS 

Vacancies at both offices for 
newly qualified solicitors of high 
quality principally in commercial 
and litigation departments. 


We pay competitive salaries and offer excellent opportunities. 
LMcasc apply with full C. V. to 
Medwyn Jones Geoffrey Hudson 

Walker Martineau Walker Martineau 

10 & 11 Gray’s Inn Square 49 Church Street 

London WC1R 5JL Theale Reading RG7 5BX 

01-242 1545 0734-302888 


LOUDON 

C« , ai *i Tax 

Wnfl rrWHtnl medium mM 
Clly practice raium ann- 
ual. newly Qualified up to a 
ywn post aiuufmi«i 
A r 1 1 pn -f erred. salary c. 
C1SOOO 


vjnni mar ana public 
company work. wiuitn 
medium Unp CHy pearlier 
MnaiCof toBct for 3 years post 
DtMllflniliai MlrarfH* sau- 
ry ana dcftniir gracMk 


Csmprtrot MldMr of at least 
3 years call wwM by medl- 
uri surd CHy practice lor 
tiMti quality onrtoniwni 
lirnUnq work Salary c 
cia.ooo 


£oxv 'Personnel 

SbHspxHOsutttChe lB 
legal pmiesinonimaidnfcie 
95 Wdwycb, London WC2B 4JF 
TefBI -2*2 0785 u.-.w.w.™ 



COMMERCIAL 
PROPERTY SOLICITORS 

We are a busy and dynamic firm with, a consistent record of 
expansion, committed to further growth in all areas of com- 
mercial practice. 

We currently need at least four further assistants to handle 
commercial ■ property work. The principal element of the 
department is development in all its aspects, with an emphasis 
on funded schemes, but we provide a comprehensive properry 
service. 

We wish to interview candidates over a wide range* from 
chose about to be admitted to those up to .six years qualified. 
We are looking for individuals of character and ability, and we 
can offer definite long teem prospects for those who can also 
show relevant experience. 

Please apply with full curriculum vitae to:-. 

Bernadette Willoughby . : 

McKenna & Co., , 

Inveresk House, 

1 Aldwych, 

London, 

WC2R0HF. 






i ; 


GENERAL PRACTITIONER 
Gamberley, Surrey 
£. Highly competitive + car 

This well regarded family Pracflce IBS anwHoanuHed with 
a ydnlaniui nrosnsavr MKhUcsmt based Ann. As a result. 
Uwy requre a commuted Htflrllor w«h DwilMir# and abili- 
ty io main Lain and develop the Practice 
Preferably uuaunrei about two years with genera! Practice 
mneilencr. he she win be interested in nugapon Including 
matrimonial taw and advocacy. 

As well as oiTcnnq a generous remuneration package in 
rtodipg a Amt's car. IMs opporumity prwems ronsfderalde 
scope tor individual expression, wixn oobslanHaA Support 
from a wen structured orgamsatloo. Prospects are to be 
viewed in thr context mat only applicants of partnership 
canine wm be cotcMered. 

* Can 01 583 0055 

17 F1M saw* t, t — dm cceT iaa 


hill bailey 

& PARTNERS 

UJgsnlly require Conveyancers for ihcir 
Reading office 

Contact Paul Beresford Reading 54608 



Corporate Finance 
Lawyers 

Wc arc instructed by a 
major prestigious City 
practice io introduce 
outstanding lawyers 
with experience in art 
corporate finance re- 
lated matters. The 
workload emphasis 
will be upo n Venture 
Capital and large 
management Buy- 
outs. 

Significant remunera- 
tion and career 
prospects arc offered. 

l&v ‘Personnel 


Sunsftoskmwmt 
lewJtrataswmwwMmtfe 
SSWOwycn. London WCS84JF. 
T(H 0i-2*Zfl7fl5. r% M-w 


Assistant Solicitor 

fa Commercial Department 
Tunbridge Wsfe Office. 


Cripps Harries Hall, solicitors, are seeking a 
young solicitor with at least 2 years relevant 
experience. 

The successful applicant would have general 
company/commercial experience over a wide 
field including corporate taxation, 
intellectual property and employment law. 
probably acquired in the commercial 
department of a medium-sized city firm. 

This is a position for an energetic and self- 
motivated person who will assist the head of 
department to develop the commercial 
activities of the firm. 

Excellent partnership' prospects, 

Please write with CV to Frank Revndds. 
Cripps Harries Hall.S4Calverlcv 'Road. 
Tunbridge Welts. KentTN 1 2UP' 
or telephone Tunbridge Walls (11892) 26277 


C RI F PT 
H A R R I F. S 
HALL 



CHIEF EXECUTIVE'S DEPARTMENT 

Senior 

Common Law Clerk 

Applications arc invited for the above post in the 
Common Law Section of the Council's Legal 
Dcaprtmeni- The Section deals with the CoonaTs 
civil litigaiion and with tbe preparation of the 
Councirs contracts. The work is varied and mien- 

csiing. so adaptability and enthusiasm are just as 
important as experience. Tbe successful appi ka- 
li on shouidc haw had e xp erience m most, if not 
all. of the following areas: High Court titration; 
County Court litigation, including in particular 
possession proceedings and defat recovery: and 
baildmg and engineering contracts. Preference 
will be given to applicants who fire, or are soon 
expecting to become, Fellows of the institute of 
Legal Executives. 

Tbe salaiy win be on scale S0I/S02 (£10,668 - 
£12207 pa inclusive) and the starting poim will 
depend upon qualifications and experience. 
Applications front candidates wishing to job share 
will be considered. 

ApvGc 


1 *-nr* iff* *nrfnr partinrtrair wi 
anraftsMa Croat tita CUaf Exaortlro, Town 
Hafl, B«t Han, Limdoa E6 2RP ar triapbrae 
01-472 1430 Ext 3065. Olaon qMta rof- 
CE39. 

OowCat 24tt March 1906 


LONDON 
BOROUGH., 

NEWHAM 




SENIOR CLERK 

VMOrCMkKNauredl«( 
Ornerm cumnnop Law SM 
U Rbthhtj auniMn. 


PWswraMis In wnUnsKh 


U m 4 m.BC*. 
Triakto ti SB mx. 


kenswcton 

Young civil litigator 
required for busy ex- 
panding finn. lip to 
two years quoL or 
comparative experi- 
ence and ability. Ref 
JW/UB 01-937 4444 


LEGAL 

OFFICER 

NT Grade VI 
Salary £9,816 - £10,701 

fincluding London 
Weighting Allowance). 

, headquarters 

The Commismon b a puhlic authority with a 
awhrta^irfcomtiiercjd i and induSS^propaty 
Pmj&hp amd is actively engaged in a n33 
•hsposal of assets programme. 

£ 8 qualified officer to ageist 

the Solicitor and Principal Legal Officer with 

Jf enenc ® of areas of work b effientiaL 
post is permanent and snperannuabie and 
aerVlce mdude £1^0 Luncheon 
^SrSE!:^ Accident and Life Assurance! 

; . . . Director of Finance 

and Legal Services. 

. C ® D1 ^ 0 “ for Townj^** 

Glen Bonae, Stag Place, 
Victoria, 

London SWIE 5AJ 
Teb 01-828 7722 
, . Ext. 319/307 
between 9.00 am and 5.00 pm. 

Ciosing Date: 17th March 1986 
. . Re f. 20 




m 








: 













»'* ■» > *•*«** ,-viW a rfl i»il - CPU.: 


VI 

m 


the 


GAL APPOINTMENTS 




f." i-: ". ■, i-. >, -c! ,-+ri rV* ■ v^*V , '*4*-' •*< '• <■. . i* 1 



SHIPPING 

SOLICITORS 

Cowflrrf Chance are looking for lawyers of high 
ability who wish to specialise in contentious 
shipping work. 

If you wish, to join a strong and enthusiastic team. , 
have good academic qualifications and practical 
experience of charterparty/ bill of lading 
disputes and casualty work, we should be very 
interested to hear from you. 

The firm has a number of offices overseas and 
there are opportunities for working abroad. 

Please write with details of your career to 
Mrs. DeliaPegg 


v _____ _• , . •v.- w : 

Coward Chance 


Coward Chance . Royer House. 
Aldermanbury Square, London. EC2V7LD. 




v 

Employment and 
Commercial Law 

circa £13,000 

With Sainsbury’s increasing expansion we are now seeking 
to strengthen our Lega) Department at Head Office in 
Blackfriars. / 

We are looking for a graduate solicitor or barrister who 
preferably has one year'B post-qualification commercial law 
exposure in a solicitor's office or equivalent Experience in 
employment law is essentia), advocacy highly desirable. 
A knowledge of consumer and environmental health law in 
the context of local authority litigation would be an advantage. 

You would join a small, highly motivated team as Legal 
Officer and assist in providing a corporate legal service to die 
Company, its subsidiaries and associates. . 

A salary in th? region of £13,000 would be supported by a 
range of benefits, including profit sharing and share option 
schemes (after a qualifying period). BUPA, and subsidised 
restaurant 

For an application form please phone or write to: 
Chris Ward, Recruitment Manager; J Sainsbrvy pic, 
Stamford House, Stamford Street; London SE1 9LL. 
Teh 01-921 7518. . " 

SIMSBURY’S 


CHURCH ADAMS TATHAM & Co. 

COMPANY COMMERCIAL AND 
COMMERCIAL PROPERTY LAWYERS 

Wc are looking for partnership calibre solicitors with relevant 
experience for our expanding Company Commercial and 
Commercial Property Departments in our London office. For 
each post a minimum 2 years' experience since qualification is 
required but both vacancies may be of interest to more senior 
applicants with an established clientele in the relevant field. 

‘Please write with CV to:- 

Gordon R. Jones 

CHURCH ADAMS TATHAM & Co. 

10/12 Ely Place 
London EC1. 


COMMERCIAL 


PROPERTY 


Use your professional skills to co-ordinate 
a major and fast growing property portfolio 


PICKERING KENYON 

SOLICITORS 

COMPANY/COMMERCIAL 

1 war QuaftTwf to asset n exporting Omstv/Comnemal department City Articles and.T 
expenance an advantage. 

COMMERCIAL CONVEYANCING 


2 years quaOted to assist « Commercat Conveyancing department. 

CONVEYANCING 

Newly quaftad to assist Sew* Conveyancing Partner wan General Conveyancing work. 

***** to m «rt OHrtMCfc Aggficaoh to write with M CVs to HM. Sail 

IhttttMg Keayoa, 23/24 Great Jmxx Stmt tiuttoa. WClH 3EL 


WEST END 

The Ladbroke Group is one of Britain's 
top 1 00 and Europe's top 200 companies. 
It continues to develop through its major 
core businesses - hotels, property 
investment and retail betting - aS of which 
operate internationally. 

Ladbroke Gty and County Land Company 
and Ladbroke Group Properties form the 
property divisions of the Group which is 
firmly established as one of the UK's 
leading developers. Poised for major 
growth, we now wish to appoint an 
experienced Conveyancing Lawyer to join 
cur highly professional management team 
Reporting to the Commercial Director and 
deputising for him. the principal 
responsibilities of this position centre on 
establishing a reporting and monitoring 
system for the timeous execution of ail 
stages of a wide range of property 
transactions. This will involve a high degree 
of liaison and the provision of advice to 


Neg c£25,000 + car 

senior executives, the Group's central legal 
department and outside solicitors. 
Profession a&y qualified applicants aged 
between 30 and 45 should have a broad 
background and have also specialised in 
property law within either private practice 
or within a commercial property company. 
The successful candidate will also possess 
the stature to operate at very senior level 
whilst at the same time have wefl developed 
administrative skills. 

The salary offered will be negotiable circa 
£25,000 pa and the benefit package will 
include company car, executive share 
option. SAVE and employee share schemes. 
Additionally, our continued growth and 
diversification provide excellent opportunities 
for further career development 
Please send a full CV with details of current 
salary to VicGafBn . Director of Human 
Resources. Ladbroke Group PLC. 

87 Wbnpole Street, London WIM 7 DB. 



GOVERNMENT OF 
THE CAYMAN ISLANDS 

CAYMAN ISLANDS 
LAW SCHOOL 
- LECTURER IN LAW 


r«YIUN IS14UI 


The Public Service Commissioners invite applications for the post of Lecturer m 
Law at the Cayman Islands Law School. The appointment will be on contract 
terms for an initial period of two years, commencing on 1 September 1986. 

Candidates should have a law degree, teaching experience and preferably have a 
professional qualification in law. 

The salary of the post is In the scale of CIS20.916 - C$26,940 per annum, the 
point of entry depending upon age and expermece. No income tax is payable in 
the Cayman Islands and C$1 - US$1.20. The Government will meet 50% of the 
officer's rent up to a ceiling of CISI.OOO per month gross. 

Application forms, together with job description and notes on conditions of 
'service including housing, medical benefits, passages and baggage entitlement, 
are available from: 

The Cayman Hands Government Representative 
" Hamtteftn House 
17b Cikzdh Street 
London W1Y 7FE 
Tet 01488 2482 

Applications should be completed and returned by Friday 14 March. 


Young Solicitors I 

MkhariB^Fartonfa^'sU^lI^vmon acts for a wide variety 1 

of cheats both in private pactoar^mrodustr^mLmdon and " 

the provinces. 

Our extensive dient contacts and thehi^i professional standards 
of oar legally tpalified consultants combine to provide the best 


CORPORATE 

SOLICITORS SOUOTCMB 

Latf rcniBi). Cardiff became ibc roar and shipping capital of Ihe world; subsoQucnil} the oeeJ 
indiKvy maintained the Ciiy'i posuui ia the forrtrtrai of com merer and industry in Hits C’oumrv. 
Dunn* our ISO yon in OrdiiT. u« bavr pamcipaKd fulK in these industries Now Cardiff and 
Wales arc jjbjo to the (ore m develop nt hHtth indusines. using imrmationaJly developed 
(ccttnotoe). They benefit from locally and nanonafly available investment resources. T1»«s lias 
trudled m management boy-ouis and large capiulrsatron programmes, which together with the 
a i Iranian, of the Lin listed Scntmies Mann have comnhuied to a transformation of eommemal 
life CaidilT is now expanding as a commercial, financial and prapsuona) centre m which wc (day 
a leading rote. 

Wc are now a seventeen partner firm, and we invite appiicaiions from able, energetic and srlf- 
motitaird solicitors who wish to specialise in the following fields'. 

COMPANY COMMERCIAL 

Successful candidates wiN /cm teams undertaking work on a Tull range of company and commer- 
cial transactions for puMic and private companies, including companies based abroad; there will 
be particular opportunities «* inves t m en t and receivership wori. 

COMMERCIAL CONVEYANCING 

The department dote with all aspens of commercial oonvryanc mg (including planning 1 and has a 
rapidly expanding workload. 

Ulhough wr are (poking for candidates wrtb up to two years experience m these fields, those who 
are about to qualify and have the ability and desire to karri quickly . should also apply. Ike do not 
amici pair that the remuneration package for successful candidates will be a problem, and there arr 
definitely opportunities of advancement within ibc firm. 

Alt replies will be treated m confidence. 

Phase wriie now. with full C.V. ta- 
IU. items. 

Edwards Gcfctot*. 

Id SL Mans Crescent. . 

Cardiff Cft 380. 


it r « 'j •-# "UL t • J:- -win i l* ■*- > t- 1 C* * 


If you would like to find out more about the opportunities dot 
are avjiiJabJe through us, or would simply like an informal career 
discussion, please telephone Laurence Simons, Sanon 
Anderson or Huw Frederickson on 01-831 2000 (01-802 
8730 ev e nii ^s/ weekends) or write to The Legal Kvmon, 
Michael Page Partnership (UK), 39-41 Piker Street, 
London WC2B 5UL Strictest confidentiality assured. 


L 


Mkiadl^eftrtnersfag) 

bawarion^ReCT ui tiTiertConsutants 
!UateVfo«bffBixrtBMD|lwaMaadcnrUeAGfa«Nr 
Bronte NcwlfaikSpfocj 


J 


PETER CARTER-RUCK AND PARTNERS 

ASSISTANT SOLICITORS 

Wc shall shortly be appointing further Assistant Solicitors in our High Court 
Litigation, Property and Commercial Departments. Applicants with at least 
two years' post-qualification experience and of outstanding ability should 
apply, enclosing full curriculum vitae to:- 


COMPANY MANAGEMENT 

Varna pro*— MMh uuaitM i*wm rwuurvfl tor -arty 
wwuixwn' M Wf or Man BUM fwwmy nuiuwrri Sjl 
ary r £1 7.000 p a ikUai UUr rsdn jMvi Wbi rat 
InnrwuriBiroww ivpply «n lorUibmcr w,in iuh C V to 

The Company Secretary 
S elect Corporate Services Ltd. 
Homeric House, 3 Mount Pleasant 
Douglas. Isle of Man 


The Partnership Secretary 
Essex House, Essex Street 
Strand, WC2R 3 AH 
Tel: 01-379 3456~ 


BARRISTERS 

Law revortina b tmponwu 
and chaHrmtng work and. 
makes a saUMtrmg career. 

Varaury ter luB hnw fo* 
r^perKK- «m the Law Re- 
ports. part Umc vacancy 
lor DractKnjer in Chanrwv 
or ComnwroW rtiamoers. 

fee scale. 

CV to. Tie* Etfiwr Incar- 
ported Council of U»w 
Brportmg- 5 siooe Bund 
mpv. UiKOUi-S , tan- 
London WC2A 5XN 



eaamMiy/COMMBRaM. 

kUf» ernwnn»H« *«[ 

Brtrty/.rrrnmr oujmwu 

683WX6 


CONVEYANCING 

ASSISTANT. 

fpr a busy roqtandln^ PT3C- 
Urc In SanwL Musi w able 
to handle both Oumpcttc 
and cwnmemal mnvqi 
amm wnh a minimum of 
supervision . Pfoasem 
wononti conditions wiUi ■ 
tnmdtv and hard working 
slalC 

wnic win cv u> 

BOX CSO 


Kw teWIT Drawr and 
vounq aD rounder will so nw 
m»xi aonnssior osp- H vncv. 
Cl 2.000 Mount Coniulkanw 
MSSrsi S3 

COmUN LAW Anvorato for 
■ Mrannin town lam under 30 
<n .Cl 3JOO wnn Cents Ul 
Unh «<M&2918S 


AMBITIOUS 
LITIGATOR - 

Soiwifor with a.iiwi IWB 
vfsKv rrtevani norrtrncr to 
UVr tnor and d^srteo uupa- 

Iwr DpsIiiimm m wnan 
SUcmWiiry firm Good po- 
iwlui for i util p r m nn 

fhwnwdiwnuHL 

■BMPHEMB1 


Fast LIST <U rouniry varan m 
■d Item t7JJOO to 

cS? POO dunum X Partners 
Ql bite 4372 

MWKAOl Advance* for laqal 

OWTUIHP wih> rvUMMIrd MB 

enn firm ■ conoo w mn 
Lounouanta. crSia 23183. 

HUBTM A d m t Haa B4 5 re 
««M tervouua anumtpuwdmn 
Wnl Cnd gMKTM prarure. Ol • 
Site SSM . 


r sowcirtws > 

LEMON 

l ihimas > 


CONVEYANCERS 

Following a subsianiiai increase in 
institutional work. Lemon & Partners 
require iwo experienced conveyancers. 
One will handle a large volume of 
residential work, mainly for employees of 
a major U.S. Bank. The other will deal 
largely with institutional lending both in 
relation to residential developments and 
commercial property ventures. 
Enthusiasm, efficiency, commitment and 
the ability to work largely unsupervised 
will be rewarded by salaries 
commensurate with those of large City 
practises. Solicitors and legal executives 
will be considered. 

Fnli CV to Giles Courtenay-Evans, 
Lemon Sc Partners, 46 Hertford 
Street, London W1Y TIT 0M09 
2299. 


^ Ladbroke Group PLC 


. ^the; • ‘- A " .• .fHw 

BAD NEWS 4 A GOOD NEW& 


• Not London 

• Only half of the Clients 
are local 

• No Legal Aid work 

• Not many opportunities 
for routine work 

• Not much room for 
narrow specialists - 
however good 

• Not an old established 
practice 

9 Can pay around £13,000 

• Only one name on the 
notepaperat the 
moment 

• You are probably 
younger than lam 


I now need another 
Solicitor 


DAVID JEACOCK 


MARLBOROUGH HOUSE. 43 DEVIZES RO AD 
SWINDON. WILTSHIRE SN1 4BJ 


r COMMERCIAL \ 

SOLICITOR 

c. £20,000 + car 

Opportunity in industry for young solicitor w ith experience in conunercul 
law to handle wide-ranging work including drafting and nepxiannu 
agreements for joint ventures, intellectual property. Jwnhunon, ere; 
company Lau; employmenr law; marketing law, prriperr\' worl: and «t»me 
company secretarial duties. Location-. \Xesr L*ncfon. Pvn.it mn tepuits t.i 
Le^al Director. Salary negotiable plus company car. 

Pfoase sirtiii personal details to Chambers & Pot mm. 74 Lam: EC/ it 

{ telephone us on 01 ’*>06 9371- , 

CHAMBERS & PARTNERS 

I PROFESSIONAL RECROITMENT S 


LmCATKM toocmw «tmn 

im ? I wwrs lor b-rtii icwn 
liroi tio.roo Maty Male Hr. 
•nut rtrosonm-l t->S& HiStflo 

iwteonTwnoos Mud- 

rt* Inr srn.Ul Iwo nlKr- 
Iforntwh>i p iir n>. L I O sRJO 

M-iv M^<* ■VKortt IVisoniMR 

ul ->506. 

young touenoa n> 

sp>, UNSP in mu m non (Onlrn 
IMius work wilh uc'sl ProstM-ris 
n» mwv LI.?. 500 

Mori MhI- Hrrma Pnwn not 

IX CAt EXCCUTtVE under i& 
tot Pli mnulfi in m nm<u>Im 
tvnirjiiuTT CIICOQ M«v 
Mun. Ha tot a pprv>lin« <y>i& 

ONE MAN IMO in Miodfows 
mi .Ui riHuAT lo <jp> nop 
Hwh Sltrol (uurlKr LV2.SOO 
M.ui MM- Amend Pmunnrl 
OOSb RlSSOb 

MATNIMOMAL • MAYHEM 
SOUCmil BirrmiHduni «UI|- 
Cnilii'lirm To (.Id OXi Mary 
Male. >Vr<ord Pnvonnrl OMS 
a l 8500 

PHOB8TC WITH SOME CON- 
VCYAffCMG in MiqnilUi Wosl 
Gounltv lown 1.1 1.000 Mars 
Mam Hit ora Prrumnn 
aisfico 

CONVEY AMCCBS lor innvin, 
Os on iown Irrm CIOOOO 

Mary Mam Artma PnvynnU 
C*SO JiJS50t> 

SHAKESPEARE COUNIHV 

iHKtm torn ui liiauiM lor Man 
InOod lun. L 1 1 Oca? Man 
Ma>>’. ar lord Prnmiwl P»i& 
MHOB. 

««Al MtACTKC. ME 
fot-rts IV W fcml K W Sairrov 
n>vrt.s MlADiYl MHI rusWl 
•Ul tnrr. ■ OipaciiTPd t sikhotI 
toarod mnuno. Court Ami 
O aWs Ol 5Bi I\rt6 

tSMFANY COMMEKCUU. Son. 
nv bman roavi rrvon Lmui 
I'spPTinirr an advaniaqo 
Aonuilod slim qnod Htniwls 
Cia.om hntn Corouiianis 

0«»»251RJ 

COMPANY /COMMERCIAL. Brw 

nd PorisiKotUn Bauburv 
Roummioutn (hinrd 

Hidshabi Nrwly to ? )K Ad 
rmnrd Dri-fornvl To El « 500 
IKW Aw naliS Ol DBS OOSS 
AM*mous amoral prarlHp » 
ta »Wr lor w-si Gounirv mari.pt 
(own lirm SaLiM hu^Ua nr9u 
nano Wrssnt ConsuUooK 
0»A6Z51HJ 


tOMPITER 

APPOINTMENTS 


ECHYON o« ttiutnnK null nirioi 
hlMOTV. 11 1 - ro SMIWdir {aid 
InuM- Lvionnvi- roov wrMIng. 
sat~. uwiim and InTuural 
i aqinrrd Familiar 
>H' vs i In IHM dial Auptr nHrro 
lOWtiWv Pt MS-DOS A Ad. 
on- Om-ratinq tvUanv 
MpspOONUYlr' It— MwOarMion « 
• .d.iluour .Kid valrs alii*r ufos 
via port <M nv- pfoczurTs 
USOtopa tnd CV, W, 

fiSSSwi* 0 ** k * r **'*•* 


Computer Appfoitaieiits 


TECHNICAL SUPPORT SPECIALIST 

li-adinv iHtMcan ol Vw -ofl'vari' -woks prwiramw fdr sup. 
1—1 ol urfomuUoii and svs*r-tn itvuv— y-cnm.l uarv.dors 
\ MS hirlwOiiml ana osi monl ronmiuniralioni. skills rouuni-o 
Boi ksruro k— anon nnv Rradinu. 


R w Jnwn. 

WjiuI Tortmotonv SMI-ar Lid 
7 Lhun h law 
OM fVasmo. 

Bjvwwokf. 

RGPd nO) 


INFORMATION SERVICES g 
CONSULTANTS | 

Central London I 

INPl IT LTD k an intorrulioiul onuniUlinn H 
wov minn rooMilioiwv »n Kn tor Itw informaiion H 
VTVires inrtmlrv. tNPLiT dW5 loi&ulUnli to y 
worlc On il« r<-varrh proqtanirncs on (he inlormj 3 
linn and rusionwr vrv irr-. mar.krls K 

fip«l>wnibiiilii-. inrlnrte mwirfhinQ informalion |i 
•wrvirrs issa«; wilh vendors ana wm of tom pul jjjj 
pi\. ouoljKf. o( dala. lorwaa>- and biKtnr% linmh fi 
moor: wriimq ana atom «*nquir> cuniultimi for J 
VITK. We railin' randidaln wild a tm& dc-qra 1 
mhI dmtiMKir.iMo ' wrtfiiw and pmrnlaiiun 3 
OtUhlMK j 

Swrr-oiiil tDiidufolrf win navo workol in Campui- I 
«T SKiir»< or with a Mawr Hardware | 
maniKarturo, ami have Dusinns danninq or | 
foarrtr cxpi-rif iito H 

Fiumry in Frmti nr Orman would be an Bj 
bdvaniaop tj 

te 

Salary will he nrqoliabln fuburi 10 uuaitttranoits t “ 
and rapmrnri’ 

Pirns* »rii« at irtepbunr rsrtovinE a brief o «M rom- 
prttvrita bisims lo (vta liars. of 

Preeiammcs. INW't LTD. 41 Oov« Mtcrt. loa- 
dun Ml\ IRB. 

Iri! 01-40.1 M.15. Rrf : ft 1 ’ «o. 

























THE TIMES TUESDAY FEBRUARY 25 1986 


snrnis, Mumucnt 

DEATHS **t IN MEMO- 

BAHtlifiic+mVAT. 

(imgunwn J Imn) 
AnMiwwnrw*, fWJftcah- 
OMI hy Use HUf and 
penancm irfilfnn at Hk 
under, km- he «m he 

tw: times 

PU BOX At 
VfcjWa Start 
Mn« 

or (rinAwd It* irkphun c 
m* wi Uh uh| kc Cf-HI 
XU. 

Amwuiamn « he ns 


PERSONAL COLUMNS 




The Sbane Qub-Ybur London Address 


WINTER SPORTS CREME DE LA 



SECMcnurv/M <ckv> c 
1 10.000 A WM wgMSnj astf 
HnnUHraKTfUO PA wHb 
PUrHlHH bhortfuod typtPB. 

noo «n and worn w w— 
>*uh h wutti for I he Devoir 
MMugtng Dntur of a pabar 
rerapany . 

.The work mH| he mdM and 
Mod r ITT Harm ol the CotfMi 
Langoagr iMa good "A" la«* 
'iwiUrt) mi Hmnty arc 
Konury 

A 9004 kocp or taanour and a 
ttWW P*r* ftn>HI V » CMMi- 
(wi lo mure a naKW nnA 
•flfdhr rate ta a snU rorpo- 
mm* offlrr in wNdi grow l 

suooort Lo oUtcc DMtt.H 

'hared 

tm R outer 01-623 wax 



immaculately nntsttefl spadous 
one bedroom Flat In attractive 
‘devetopnmil . wttti views of 
Docks. Balcony. Garage, rnoor- 
fngrfor boaL Meal as pted-e-tore, 
Minimum 6 months. 

£125 per week 

Hyde M Offk*: 01-262 
5060 


.Wide range of quality furnished 

and unfurnished property 
*FuB Management Sennca 


SUPER 


pa see am siaooomasoo 

PA MO a f fnanufaciinag nr 
iitrr flitnon iroultti an 

BrWiMn( PA 8cr who w» *t%- 

nv taking r rtganalbBB y and 
■moo ihrrr hiumv*- Good 
'MBs <100/60 + WP1 arr am 
IUI logHlwr wtih. a HUM of 
humoor m biamrnlur ore- 
wtiuUoo PlfAw phone Salty 
Owns on 01-238 8427 

KnlqnKMdw Secretaries. « 
Pom Sum. innrtnc swix 



DOMESTIC 0 CATERING 
STTUATIONS 




•Mtttcrv nauflnn. Ring SB9 
SOW IAOI 


LITTLE VENICE 

Luxtry maisoneur. 3na 
. a 4ui noon, wo hi. xu 
newty converted. 

hrtgbL. unttthl. flat. «r« 
tfMe bdrooRB. 2 baths. 
12 receptions (25ft x 
2 oru - ■ 

rm kOctien. OCH. Roof 
terrace o looking 5 
wresprh enclosed jar- 
dens. Ctooe American 
School. Regents Canal, 
-village* Shopping and 
all amenities. Corporate 
Tenants and Embassies. 
£500 per wit. 

Phew: (»1| am MIS. 



MAYFAIR, W1 

Nmbr decorated and ftfrn&hsd 

fWai &m Attk floor, o* a concert 

Stoa. only “kg****®? 

Q ru sv e nor Square- 2 Bedroom*. 

«** 

imchen reception. w« Pfr 
wreck 

MayUr ORkk tt 629 
4513 • • 


Quraishi I F.W. GAPP 

Constantine 1 


FINE FLATS 
& HOUSES 
NEEDED NOW! 

in Kensington, Chelsea. 
Fulham. Putney. 
Wimbledon and 
Richmond. 

- Full manageme n t 
service available. 


01-244 

7353 


Opposite Keflsfegton 
Gardens W2 

- Brant) needy tom and dec 2 
bedffarinaxrverswn recept 
etc fit tat plus washer/ 
dryer, bath phis shower na 
gdn. avaflnow. 6225 p«.We 
require properties in central 
sotflh aid west London areas 
for waftFig awfeants. 


SITUATIONS WANTED 


mitkrt and iny —blMBOt 
trainee tofim.i l Ckrt seeks 
gasman with ww Bw Cham. 
i»fi MMhailon no g wMu a 
Please wise kk 20 Harthaa 
M. HJowoOl mur. 


TOP LONDON 
BROKERAGE 


Lnlwpay with career " 
iitromr prasgnss? The 
oogortunily so bond a buss 
ness wiui no cagtcai outlay 
exists wHNn a HO London 
brokerage High mttvbos 
donna Iraminy. n utiiiui or 
fommeraaay minded (Bat- 
iidlirtS JW6 wK 2 > a good 


Metro on 01-629 toog. 



GOING 

OVERSEAS? 

WEHWEWUTMG 
COUPWYTBUm 
WMmNGTDRENT 
YOUR WHEW-' 
CENTRAL/SW UONDQN 

Buchanans 

• Lernajd Mvugnaem 

06-3527357 , 


SOUTH 

KENSINGTON 

iupcrtk unfumtsbet 
news bouse. -3 beds. 2 
c c ep ts. 3 baths, sauna, 
pngr and roof imacc. 
.ong let - . io 
omponks/Piribasam . 
aly. £475 pw. . . 

Buchanans 

Lrmac £ HXHUHW 

01-351 7767 


HUWn 837 7366 


an. ? we. a ram. u. 
WUHlHwr Laaiattien-, 
CJ OOpw IhTto A CO T34 7432 


room, kitchen, ootb/wc. large 
lerrarc. Nootmeiirwi £210 
pew He 01408 6S20 dltr 

6-00 p.m 


lUIPnoit VXLLAOC. Luxury 


mattatariww cioauKbpr 
BorgrM 01-681 5136. 


12 kftrbra wHh arkfMi bar. a 
tnicrcom t wig. 5* * isn iwro. 
CH. parking, bniw a cmale conal- 
Uon CS«Opw 870 2576. 


renlral London, for wottng 
nagm bma o» vst vmi 

DQMTACT n « «M mm the 




a tube 4bMk2noro.ni 
bMh. cm. Gdn. Cm CH. 


C166PW 495 2091 evehlngo 
870 4705. 


family hoc. 5 Mr bedrooms. 
Mr drawi n g room, large 
hdrhcn/dHmg room, four fur. 


Nailer H henhy gfgen ttah- 

»AIW rUmMH y general 
mwHng U>c abort iiamUCPea- 
wnv held at U North HNI. 
CoWt ml er Or on SOM Fcbm- 
arv 1986 a sperm moMUon wan 
duly parted Him a payment of 
c12Sj0o 0 out of company's caM- 
lal ia« defined H SecUena l To. 
IT!. 172 of me Onmmntro Act 
l«W m r rooe rt of the pwcnh 
by me Company Iran cuve 
FINCH ROBERTS of 17308 ordi- 
nary atiarr* of One-Round aach 

under bertlon 162 of Me rnuiao 
Blea Art I98S by authortMd. 

bl The a n mun l Of me utiialHMlL 
rawtaf gavmml at defined by 
Sections 170. m. 172 of the 
Companies Act 1986 waa 
ClZS-OOO 

« The sutwary dectic j Tto u and 
wdiiar* report reqtared by Sec- 
lto«n 175.’174 of Itir Companies 
Art 1986 bMh of which aee dated 
20Ui February 1986 are available 
lor Inver urn « Urn rag M ered of- 
lire of IhC Company at The OH 
Rose Gardens. Sianway. C olc tm 
let Earn 

di Any creditor of me Conway 
may apply lo the High Court un- 
dcr Scrtoms 176. 177 of the 
OomnaMr* Act 1088 wYmm the 
period of the weeks ilium illali l> 
fououong lor an Oder nroMMI- 
m* (he paymenL 

Doled awn February 1086. 

BAKS AND PAimdlS 
63. Ninth Hill. 

Ook-hesirr Ena 

SoHfMors to Me Oaawpy. 


Mas 1 bed nan M rat cond rtae 
lo Heath. Cl TO pw NoUan MB- 
aon. 79* 1 161 


SMT1. Lovely Mrafly house to 
PHabeo. (Mr fecep. omina rm. 
f f kU- 5 beds. both, dts 
£3S0pw COOK3 Ol 828 8291 


3 reerps. U I 3 botlmrn. 
C31DPW Bam *G»73a 7432. 





Mahetnatici. economics l 
the 



palio taao pw 01244 7385. - fTT . 

WALTON oaf THANKS New hoc- FhN^edniiBeaMF*»MnorTVM- 
ury self eoataaoed two bedroom ZZ’TJ **' " tl< °> w * aj 

240997 Abed* C290pw 7*?2087lT) 


ALL BOX 
NUMBER 
REPLIES 
SHOULD BE 
ADDRESSED 
TO: 

Box No 

C/o Times 
Newspapers. 
P.O. Box 484 . 
Virginia Street 
LONDON 
El 9DD 


ADCLna 836 7611 or 240 
7913 4 OC 741 9999 836 

7388 379 6435 
Cep SPA 930 6125 
CC BOOum TO XMAS 7» 
CXCU.-SIVELY With nm cut On 
960 7200 2« Hr .7 Days 


OPERA A BALLET 


””«• •« mourn. Cosent 
Onrdm.WCZ 01-240 lOCd. 1911 
Sv S '.-?^ aRy ,aior 01-836 
6905 Moo- Sal lOanMtati. 68 
ampM seam avaN (ram lOamon 
„ _nc * DM » opera (ram 

T* ROYAL OKRA 
JS 1 ? 8 -°° S“*om*. Wadi 
S4I7 30 ■ barMTTT a ShtgPaL FW 
7.00 a travaiara 


WPLOTB WELLS 278 8916. 


LITIGATION SECRETARY £12400 AAE 

AnesceAem ooportunty (oranexpenmeed Ldnatran Sbcsetaiy 
Jo mom wit of a pumiy oeceiarialrtfa TTw pmstHtous wactica 

n setiura a perm wnfi lots ol oofmnoroense and ntaiwe to 

iraJertale DetH Cotecfton wont Pmwous amemnee raid fig 
desraDle. bulUtranng wAbegivMi B you are Warasiad n a 
more responsible and dafenpig poattxn CM Cm*L 
LEGAL SECRETARY 21+ to £9,500 

^ ‘ n0nt, y Pwctoi ixgentiy reqrtes an accu- 

tale Auctg S eogiary wtfh ba g yyars tegal axpenenca id tandia 
nvred wortMad at Qxtyany/ComiTie r c a l and Comreymono. 
T>«s poslnn woiM ant a wna preccmed and otvaonabia person 

min a mature and fteoble approach. CaB MRa8 
URGENT We hawe a demand tor Logs) SccretanBa to 

temps gar. sars5a2&^ 

09/ and Bank Hobday pay 

1 Legal W Seta Shorthand and Audre. 
„ up to £890 oh. 

2 teff^Autto/Shorthand Secs, up to 
Rxtweda n i ijl c u gbotBflioaand'oaBfinMrasi toi MiiiawdaMB 

eas Carmel or Aba on 01^243-0285. ^ ^ 

‘TfersonncC 

Appoir&mentsWr 

BE Ahfnych. London V8CZB4JF.Tat91 -242 0783 
Ottos.**, service}. 



MANAGER 

SECRETARIAL DIVISION 

Estab&ihad Law Condtem 
CENTRAL LONDON 

Cntdaies 4<aid ham praHOos reenabimit aaamy MMoance. ideaBe i 

a maragomert capoory 

ExceHent benef it * iwrinff for Mgh 
aefaievers. 


fVase ante n co nh da m odhUCVta- 

B"** 7 FWDClWE ADVHmSWG Phmoant* IMk 
Rwar areof Wrxfcor, Bwksiwe S-« KJT 

O Meprwie on 0753 85G8S behreen 930m md txXpro. today, tor 
■utlhe rtormatioo and at earfy eU p yw 



LEGAL 

ASSISTANT 

SECRETARY 

Polygram Is involved in records, tapes, com- 
pact discs and videos with Polygram 
International Popular Music Division deafing 
with repertoire throughout, the world. 

One of the Legal and Business Affairs Man- 
agers within this new Division - needs an 
Assistant to act as more than just Ns Secre- 
tary as, in addition to providing a fid 
secretarial service, your duties wfl comprise: 
breaking down and summarising contracts 
for storage on the word processor; 

- using the above information to check and 
dear option periods on contracts; and 

- dealing with afl clearance procedures eg. 
dealing of repertoire for Inclusion on com- 
pletion records, tapes, compact discs and 
videos world-wide. . 

Candidates should have worked in Btter- 
tainmentiaw.be able to read and understand a 
contract; be an excellent organiser with an an-. 
afyticaJ approach; be able to communicate 
effectively at a8 levels throughout the world; 
Possess good sJdfls, plenty of oornmon sense 
and mitfative. 

In addition to a competitive salary, we offer 
annua) bonus, LVs, free product and 25 days 
annual holiday. . 

Write enclosing CV and daytime telephone 
number to: Joy Hamlyn, Personnel Officer, 
Polygram International Limited, 45 Berketev 
Square, London W 1 X 5 Da ■ 


■HI 



ALD9TTCH Ot 856 6004 0641 
CC 579 6253 FlrM CaB 24 hr CC 
OS 240 7200 Ccp« -7 50 . , . 
Saluntav 4.0 6 8 0 - 


B mm 

IPlli 


A new play by Antony 

Mtoqtirtt* w im ChmBoabtr ' 
Fuliora 6 DOMd Vb> 

Cbm-M By Mtrtiart BUkamora ' 
Tuts play MuH wlUi H> - 
*Wrt»ol tamm in Bangkok 4B4 




WIFE BEGINS AT FORTY 

A dobgMfol ranwdy 
Booking mraugfi June JOBft 
Sol ni>) told owl lo md Of MMTO 


FrFf 

*gr,~F4',s 

mml 





l • #_i 


■ T|_ 1,'X" 




THE DRAGON’S TAIL 

Tow 6 EnnUaMT OU 
■ Limits 

A Nrw May by DgugiM WaUoM 

OttKM by Mtoturt Rudow® 

£3gaMonfTi7ao. ThanMatsA Jl 
Sa» 80 4 819 * • “ 

Group S4K 950 6125 

last four weeks . 


MONDAY Edn OBUP llniver- WEDNESDAY La Crt« deb 
Appoimments, Prep. & Public CrmcSecrEiarkl/f^appomtinejis 
School Ajip oiimn erns X ri u ra lion al cw£7i00. Gerwral seararial. 
Ow«^diotetepsAf«i 0 Meh^ Property: Residential, Cbmmeim]. 
TUESDAY CoopoKr Hodnos Town* Country, Overseas. Rentals. 
acomprehCTSive guide to the THURSDAY General AbobM- 

r. WE Xttudves, Managing 

WAppotoalsSoiicitois. Directors, Directors. Salesand 

Maikeiing ExiXuiivesandOveiseas 
U5hKT5.Ptnfflc& Pubhc practice. Appointmems. incJudmga new 
.InfrJf a ncw cfassdica- dassificauon cmhlcd FEosncbl and 

aoafortop legal seoearies. Adtoau iXxacy ApportMerty. 

^ l S^J 3NAL COLUMN APPEARS EVERY 

ANNOUNCEMENTS CAN APPEAR WTTHIN U HOURS. 


FRIDAY Hotels: A complete CV 
boyeo" guide featuring established ' 
dealers and private sales. 
BssbessteBostees: 

Setting property, franchises, 
equipment etc. to small and large 

companies or businesses. 
SATURDAY Oman Rsveb 
Holidays abroad Low cost tights. 
Cruises. Car hire. LULTiarek ' 
Hotels. Cottages. Holiday lets. 
E n t gahm es 

Pm Fzkndsa new dassi&caUon for 
young readers to cootaapeopte with 
anataimeresisKhomeandcwiseas 


. . 

HU in ihecoupon and »ach it to ^youradvenxsemenLPrior to iiappc&rw 
we wiB contacryou with a quotation and confirm the date of insertion. ’ 
Rates are Uneage £4 per line (nun. 3 lines). Boxed Displav £23 per smgta 

column centniietre,Coi« rod Social £6 perBoe.Al]‘raies+ L^VAT 

Please note that 15% VAT wjtt apply from 1st May. 

~ PA Y NO P OSTAGE. Sendta Tie Tb» Sbirlt? MagoGs; Cri»^ 

STS? rbaa WwTJ P f B | g Lid. AdvertbemeorXiepat- 

■eol, RO. Bex 484,Vb^ata Street. LandofrEl 9DD- 

NAME -j-l, • ■ ■ - J / .. • 

ADDRESS . 


TELEPHONE ( Daviinwl 

'CCFSSORVBAA^Na 


.DATC0riNSEimON _:' • 

lP»we«fliMliqieiwpgiiinff3ratiinka*M^ 

i i E E F T T2- S3 : 



































































































(J&5JI u* tiS£> 


BBC 1 


PM 




Richard Whitmore and 
Frances Cowtlaie, 


with subtitles 19, 5 5 


1.00 Pebble WM at One Dr 
oawa Delvin concludes his 
to ante-natal care; 
“tore® an item on why 


^ssass* 

sssss ssxx*** 

ssEtaagr* 

Programme for the very 
Z0 ° Kitchen. 

S™1ay Goode nmjDaraR 


TV- AM 


«M0,7J».7J^ x £5o 

sssais? 

J*5 G*6an de Tervfle, a 

pasejJg^iaao^and 

££5t^?S£ a,,,ta ■ Pa, 


iTV/LONDON 


o#ttw sJgnwrttar 10 J 8 
«nnan conversation for 
beginners 10L46 The 
2 ?“™ of democratic 
fr®^orn 11 - 10 Theroteof 

^srssssa? 

gassaBS^ 

adventures of the 


>•* ■ >*; 
y 


4-4J 


V 




•>~v 


bm 


CHANNEL 4 



1.30 Shine On 


presented by Michael 
Barratt Rita Carter 
famines the bad* quacks 
who operate outsideSie 
n^caJestabfohmem; 
and Graham AdtHcott 

investigates abuse of 
TOspital patients aid a 
new nurses initiative to 

2 ? about dangers 
OhthewartL 

Matt gives the police new 
«™ 8 noeDo#y thinks that 
their troubles are nearly 
over. 1 

*30 Busman's Hofiday. Mmmd 
surveyors and drivina 


aim i2®l 8f - (Oracle) 

Magnum. The private 
“T^^ator has a problem 
ahergurenenrobadub 

ana tne three eye- 
witnesses each give a 
®went account of what 
Q __ happened. 

9.00 Boon. The freelance 
^htibteshooter accepts a 
“Passion to sail a barge 
. from rtemel Hemns ari in 


J°pojved by Thames news 
pssdKnes. 

10 -30 Midweek Spoil Special 
introduced by Brian 
Moore. The second 


I How the villagers of a 
r) I Japanese backwater make 
i s/jvjng 11.00 A visit to a 

= ps£K 

I Walrus 11 J9 Science: 

I s tewrwnacpietic spectrum 

* SffftBKRa* 

Resort of La Rochete^ 

I lesson 17 of the 

I uerman for beginners' 

I course 12^5 deefax 1.20 

I french conversation 1 . 3 a 

I f^ing with the Arbroath 

iy ]™"tennen 2.00 For four- I 

I and five-year olds 2.15 - J 

[ Surviving the hard times In 1 
I Jhe year 1 601 2-40 I 

I Creatures that live in the I 

: U 00 ^ yere °" he “ il - 

I 530 News summary with I 
I Weather. [ 

I ms F»st Forward. The last I 
I programme in the video I 
I _ ^ tun series. 

s 1 6X0 iS!?S^ 7 onyandJenn y I 

I are m Penzance talking to I 
I |he facais and reviewing I 

„ S^XT 0 "’ 8 - 

| 6^0 Jom Jones. Pan one of a 1 
| new five-episode drama I 

| senes based on the short I , 

S23X- G ""* J “’« 

I 7-20 S! f00nTw »* Anna and I 

■ ben a. i 

I 7 -30 The Money Makers; A f 

I profile of Giovanni AgneHi. | « 

I the head of Fat, who is I 

I regarded as the most I 

I powerful private I 

— sssss&sx 8 - 

! Malcolm WBson with the 

1 msKSe story of what went I 

.. .. ^cng with the Dungeness I 7 
B power station project I 

which, in 1965, was I 

expected to produce | 

- electricity 'toocheap to I 

meter’ H I ' i 

8-30 Drink - Chris 

investigates artificial I 

trod colouring; brown - I 

bread goes under the I 

microscope; and the I « r 

delights of a winter salad I 1 
aA _ are extorted. J 

9 00 V* 3 ' horrified I 

at the evil Caligula's I • 
•nwolvemehtinthe murder I 
of ms fattier, believes that I 
he has set his sights on I 
decanting the next 
Emperor (r) I 

a50 Sir Joshua- Artist of the | 

Portrait A portrait of Sir 
Joshua Reynolds. I - 

bomoding with an I 

exhibition of his work at I 

0,0 Royal Academy. The I 

programme includes I 

assessments of Reynolds’ I 


5,55 L£°° Nevn 

fneftig; Weather 6 . IQ 


9.00 News' 

105 <** 01-580 

4411. Listeners can 
Phone in andjom a 

discussion about 
aootescanca 

10 XW News; from ota own 
correspondent 


Peter Davallp 


pone to bring cfcnmj 

BBRSSW- 

“SKS SB" 

Chi non. 

9-00 In Touch. 

930 1 P0rs ® r S Grata. Rabbi 
Lionel Blue talks about 
three trf his favourite 

o « horn flctJon 

9-45 Kaleidoscope. 

10,15 , A Spok at Bedtime; Lake 



Marlborough, and the 
Royal Academy's Nicholas 

Penny, and was filmed in a 

TOmber of the great 
houses of which Reynolds 
was acquainted including 
Btenherni^aceandPtxt 

1CL50 

irjswJS* 

11-40 Open Uitiyere 


lowers and flower 
fiwging. presented by 
TOftailtijral consuttant. 

»&&&&% 
nostalgia quiz. The regular 
team captains are joined 
this week by Neil Innes. 
Lyn Paul. Stave Black neii. 

_ „ and Anne Nightingale. 

R30 Danger ManTSecret 
Service agent John Drake 
pteys ihepart of an 
assassin in order to 

Erevan* an attempt on the 

me of a presidem makinq 
an official visit to a South 
American state. 

7.00 Channel Pour news 
toctodes reaction to 
today’s speech by 
Gorbachov to the Party 
- - Congress. . 

7.50 Comment With his views 
•* 9° "topical matter is the 
former prime irtiruster. 
LprdHomeoftheHirsei. 
weather. 

°° SjP'^^tooksfor 
a shoulder to cry on; 

Heather arranges a 
meeteig wito Nicholas's 
ex-wife; and Harry's 
apvert is printed in the 
»c^per with the wrong 

&30 Takefe Cooks. This final 
programme of the 
®jtjnabte series features ' 

Michael Nadefl who owns 
and runs the Nadel 
Patisserie in North 
Ujndon. Hej illustrates how 
make truffe au chocoiat 
torts aux pommes and the 

Games from RAF Costard 
where a team from Great 
Bream meet a team 


2*00 News: Caribbean 

From 

Lambeth Town Hall, London. 

3.00 News; The Afternoon 

Play: The Red Telephone 

Box bv Ken WhHmore. With 

4.00 News ' 

4JB The Food Programme. 

Derek Cooper takes a 

«0 

5.00 m: Newsmagazine 

6- 00 m News; Financial 

Report 

6 JO Oh. Yes it fsl A seven- 

part history of 
pantomine. narrated bv 

tiw ™ ch » dBn ers(5) 

7.00 News 

7 - 05 The Archers 

7 JO File on 4.Can anything be 


BBC1 WALES 

. , LSMJOpn Wales 

Week in Week Out 1flL00>itLS0 

« r ^Sl^L?5F 0,,a,ld 11-45- 
1 Z. 1 5am Film 66 1Z15-12J0 News 
grtoweattier SCOTLAND ipjp- 


jtosenkavater); Ravel 
(Piano Concerto in G 

News. * 

8 - 05 Jtommg Concert (contd): 
™ydn (Symphony No 74 L 

*feE^ Mand 

Tucfcwefl.hom and 
Asttwnazy.piano); 

Brahnw Oferiations on the St 

„ Ils ^a < K s ' op 

9.05 This Week's Composer: 
Stenhammar. ThelBSOs 
overture: Excelsior, op 13 ; 
A^berg 's arrangement 
of Scherzo and 
AreStoto. Piano Concerto 
No 1: Irene 
Mannheimer, piano); 


Bongs assembled 


7-00 TararedL the two-act 
opera by Rossini, suna In 
ftokan. Chorus and V 

Orchestra ofthe TBetro 

La Fenice. Venice. with a cast 


and Quartet in G. Op 1 U 
11 -45 Sacred and Profane: St 
Louis SO, with Frances 
Ttotov(harpL Debussy 
(Danse saccree el dame 
profane). 

N®ws. 12JM Closedown. 


Op 2 , and 


Radio 2 






2 . - f?3 

if* 


0,1 fhe half-hour from 
umilSJOpn, and at 12M 

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TUESDAY FEBRUARY 25 1986 


THE TIMES 




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Cheaper 
home 
loans 
at bank 

By Richard Thomson 
Banking Correspondent 

National Westminster, the 
biggest mortgage lender 
among the high street banks, 
yesterday announced that it is 
abolishing the premium of 
half a percentage point it has 
been charging on endowment 
home loans. 

The move may herald the 
abolition of the much criti- 
cized endowment premium by 
other banks and building soci- 
eties, making endowment 
loans as cheap as ordinary 
repayment loans. 

NatWest is cutting its en- 
dowment rate from 13.5 per 
cent to 13 per cent with 
immediate effect for new bor- 
rowers and from March 1 for 
existing borrowers. This will 
reduce monthly repayments 
on endowment loans by 30p 
per £1,000 borrowed. 

The bank has 130,000 bor- 
rowers, and has lent around 
£3.4 billion for bouse pur- 
chase. Around 12 per cent of 
NatWest borrowers have en- 
dowment loans. 

Mr Philip Gnie. general 
manager of Nat West’s domes- 
tic banking division, said: 
“We are retaining our position 
as the leading bank in the 
mortgage finance market." 

The change reflects strong 
competition in the mortgage 
market 

Of the other big four clear- 
ing banks, Lloyds has already 
introduced the same rate of 
interest on new endowment 
mortgages, but existing bor- 
rowers continue to pay a 
premium. 

Barclays is expected to 
annnounce a similar move to 
NatWest's in the near future. 

The Halifax, the biggest 
building society, said yester- 
day that it might have to 
abolish the 0.5 per cent premi- 
um it charges on endowment 
loans, depending on what 
other competitors did. But Mr 
David Gilchrist, a general 
manager, gave a warning that 
the disappearance of the en- 
dowment premium would 
probably lead to a general rise 
in all mortgage rates of 0.25 
per cent to make up for the 
loss in revenue. 


Queen hit by egg in Auckland protest 


Letter from Kampala 


From Stephen Taylor 
Auckland 

Yesterday's ugly incident in 
which the Queen was hit on 
the thigh by an egg thrown 
from a crowd has served as a 
grim reminder of her vulnera- 
bility to fanatics, as protests 
dogged tike first round of 
official engagements on the 
Royal tour to New Zealand. 

Mr David Lange, the Prime 
Minister, issued a statement 
last night in which be said 
such forms of protest were 
deplorable and imaoceptaUe. 

He would be apologizing to 
the Queen on behalf of the 
New Zealand Government ami 
people, he said, but was confi- 
dent that the present level of 
security was adequate. 

police said last night that 
two women, aged 21 and 20, 
would appear in Auckland 
District Court today on 
charges of assault and disor- 
derly behaviour. 

Missiles have been thrown 
at the Queen before, bid It is 
thought this was the first time 
that she has been hit 

She looked momentarily 
distressed by the iuddent, 
which occurred as she was 
circling a race course and 
waring to a crowd of about 
42,000 schoolchildren from an 
open vehicle, but quickly re- 
gained her composure. 

Mr Michael Shea, her Press 
Secretary, said later she had 
been “completely anfazed" 
and that (here would be no 
changes in the royal schedule. 

Later in the day she and the 
Dube of Edinburgh went on a 
walkabout in Auckland city 
centre amid far tighter securi- 
ty precautions than had been 
evident earlier in the day. 

Small but vociferous groups 
of protesters continued to fol- 
low the royal entourage wkh 
placards bearing anti-royalist 
slogans, and a civic welcome 
was repeatedly inte rr u pt e d by 
calls of “Go home Liz”. 

The demonstrators included 
IRA sympathizers but were 
mainly protesting at what they 
claim are abuses of the Treaty 
of Waitangi under which in 
1840 Maori chiefs ceded set- 
tlement rig hts to Britain in 
return for certain concessions. 
The majority of the protesters 
seemed to be whites rather 
than Maoris. 

The egg-throwing occurred 
at EUershe race coarse where 
schoolchildren from all over 
New Zealand were lining the 
rirenit As the vehicle carrying 
the Queen and Prince Philip 



Lieutenant Colonel Glanya 
Djara is a sad figure. He sits 
alone staring blankly or wan-', 
ders about looking tor some- 
one to talk to. He has just 
bees told that his family has 
been wiped out 
. He was the Uganda Na- 
tkmal Liberation AimyCom- 
' manner at Masakfl Garrison 
j in foe months leading up TO 
the take over by the National 
! Resistance Army. The 
Masaka Barracks were under 
sage for several weeks before 
Lieutenant Colonel Qjara 
was forced to surrender. It 
was a hard time. 

The UNLA tried to fly in 
food andsupplies byheficop- 
ter, but Colonel Ojaracom- 
phuned that most rf the. 
drops fell into NRA hands. 
Hk troops were hungry ami 




Momentarily distressed, the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh wipe egg from her coat. 


passed two young women 
dressed in what appeared to be 
official white coats each threw 
an egg. 

One bit the Queen on the 
ripfat thigh, spattering her 
pink coat, the other shattered 
on the vehicle's windscreen. 

A female spectator made a 
lunge at the women, who were 
quickly seized and handled 
away by police. Another dis- 
traught bystander called 
“How coaid you, how conid 
you?" 

As they were hustled off I 
asked one of the women what 
she had intended. She replied: 
“They come here but they 
don’t honour the Treaty. It’s a 
complete rip-off.” 

The vehicle carrying the 
royal couple condoned on its 
way, and a great majority of 
the crowd had no inkling of 
what had taken place. But a 
small group of protesters ap- 
peared with signs carrying 
slogans like “Royal tours sup- 
port radsm.” 

Further along the route, 
flowers were tossed at the 
Queen. By the time alight- 


ed she looked perfectly com- 
posed. 

In the afternoon she and 
Prince Philip were given a 
civic welcome. Auckland has 
the biggest concentration of 
Pacific Islanders in the world 
and the community of Samo- 
ans, Tongues and Cook Is- 
landers in traditional^ dress 

About 20 or 30~pr o tester s 
were still In evidence, however, 
and a speech by the Mayor of 
Auckland was heckled. 

Since the incident hi the 
monring the number of securi- 
ty men and policemen in 
attendance had swelled con- 
siderably. 

There were no farther inci- 
dents (taring tike royal walk- 
about. A large crowd 
responded enthusiastically 
and was clearly angered and 
distressed by the actions of fie 
protesters. 

Police expect more demon- 
strations in Wellington where 
the royal party -flies today and 
the organizers are 
there may be other what they 
term “individual acts »f 
protest” 



Police arrest a young woman after the incident 


Alter his surrender he was 
taken to Kampala and put up 
in one of die best holds izi 
town, as have many officers 
from the formeriranje. He 
still wears his uniform and 
canids a handgun. He is a 
hard looking man, used to 
power and attention. . 

An Achofi by birth, he 
joined the Uganda Annym 
1 969 as ah officer cadet Two 
years later, when Idi Amin 
seized power, be was caught 
by Auxin’s, men who were 
carrying out a puigc of Acholi 
officers in the Ariny. Badly 
wounded and takenfor dead, 
he was driven in a track 
loaded'. witii corpses to.be 
dimmed in : a swamp. He 
managed tojurap off and was 
fired- on, but be escaped into 
the bush and got to Sodan. 

He made his way back to 
his village and. lived there 
quietly under an assumed 
name until Amin was over- 
thrown in 1979 
“When tibere is a change of 
government in American or 
Britain, the Army does not - 
change,” he said. “But here 
every time the -leader 
changes, the Army changes. 
So we have FUNA (the 
former- Uganda National 
Army which was Alum's 
army), UNLA (the Ariny 
which drove Amin from pow- 
er and became the National 
Anny under OboteX and now 
NRA (Museveni's Army). 
Why should we not have just 


one army serving Uganda?” ; 

Colonel Qjara said he 
would be haw>y to serve in 
any capacity the NRA saw fit. 
for him. It is the standard 
reply of most captured 
UNLA officers. But when 
asked about the atrocities the 
UNLA carried out he became 
tetchy and defensive: Now he 
himself is a victim of them. 

Two days ago he set offfor 
Jroja to find Ins wife and two 
chzkhen, whom he left at foe 
- barracks there in -November. 
He couid not find them, tea 
was told that they had tried to 
.flee to Soroti in January 

the NRA advanced. They had 

been caught at a UNLA 
roadblock and identified as 
OotondOjara’s family. “This 
is the one who betrayed us in 
Masaka and surrendered," 

the soldiers are reported to 
have said before killing them. 

^ have a strong heart. I can 


but—” Colonel Ojara’s voice 
tailed off He seems Bke a 
man who' has bom hurt for 
the first time in ins fifc.“WKy 
should they kill, children 3 ? 
What could they do. What 
havethey done?” 

A Ugandan journalist who 
had just come, from Soroti 
tried to reassnre him that if 
. such art inodest bad taken 
place be was sure .to bare 
heard about iL Ttewas un- 
convincing; Too many wom- 
an and children hare been 
casually butefrered in the past 
few weeks on that road by the 
retreating sobfiere. There 
have been numerous reports 
that they have turned their 
guns on each other. 

There was awkwardness 
between the two men: the 
sokfier from the north and 
the jomrnalist.frora the south. 

. They had no common lan- 
guage bat English 

After tftecokmeJ had gone 
the journalist said: “It is hard 
not to feel sorry for him but 
this man lived by the gun ail 
his fife. Per hap s he was one of 
the ones who used to go 
round slitting open pre gnant 
women . saying they were 
looking for NRA bandits. 
You wonki not believe it, but 
it h a ppe ne d It was-done by 
men like him.'” 

Richard Dowden 



Today’s events 


Royal engagements 
The Prince and Princess of 
Wales attend the Beethoven gala 
concert at The Royal Academy 
of Arts. Piccadilly. 7 JO; 

Princess Anne addresses the 
Annual Convention of the In- 
stitute of Directors, Royal Al- 
bert Hall. 12; and then visits 
Plancve (trading as Mark An- 
thony). London. 3: and later 
dines with The Chatham Dining 
Club. Sl Emiln’s Hotel. Lon- 
don, 7. 

The Duke of Gloucester 
opens the new Central Library. 
Ilford. Esse*. 3. 

Princess Alexandra presents 
the Sports Personality of the 
Year awards al BFBS Radio and 
SSVC Television, the Royal 
Army Medical College. 
Millbank. SWI. 

Last chance to see 
Open Exhibition: artists of the 
South-west; Falmouth Art Gal- 
lery. 10 to I and 2 to 4.30. 


New exhibitions 
It's all Writ out for You: the 

life and work of Scotiie Wilson; 
-Third Eye .Centre, 350 
Sauch ichall Street Glasgow; 
Tucs to Sal 10 to 5.30. Sun 2 to 
5.30 (ends March 22). 

Mainly watercolours by Pat 
Sharp; Collingwood College, 
Durham; Mon to Fri 9 to 5 (ends 
March 16). 

As Time goes by; Us; Art 
Gallery and Museum. 
Ketvingrovc, Glasgow; Mon to 
Sat 10 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
April I). 

Jewish personalities in British 
life; The Stem berg Centre for 
Judaism. The Manor House, 80 
East End Road. N3; Mon to 
Thursl0lo5.Fri !0lo2.Sun 10 
to I (ends March 16). 
Exhibitions in progress 

Royal Sodety of Painter- 
Etchers and Engravers Open 
exhibition of contemporary 
prints: Bankside Gallery, 
Btackfrians. SE1: Tues to Sat 10 
to 5. Sun 2 to 6 (ends March 23). 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,978 


•••* 


Max Ernst: Histoire 
NatureUe; Experiments with 
Plottage: The Cooper Gallery, 
Church Street, Bamler, Tues 1 
to 5.30, Wed to Sun 10 to 5.30 
(ends March 16). 

John Bdlany: recent portraits; 
National Portrait Gallery, St 
Martin's Place, London WC2; 
Mon to Fri 10 1 5, Sat 10 to 6, 
Sun 2 to 6 (ends May 18). 

Sculptures by Jan Wallis; 
South Square Gallery, Thorn- 
ton, Bradford; Tues to Fri 11 to 
1 and 2 to 5, Sat and Sun 2 to 
4J0 (ends March 21). 

Music 

Organ recital by Thomas 
Trotter. Winchester College 
Chapel. 7.30. 

Organ redial by David Flood, 
Town Hall. Leeds, 1.05. 

Redial by the Royal Acad- 
emy of Music. Southwark 
Cathedral. SE1. 1.10. 

Piano redial by Richard Mc- 
Mahon, 1.05: Concert by The 
London Sinfonietta. 7.30: Sl 
D avid's Hall. Cardiff. 

Piano redial by Dominic 
Sdigman. Chichester Cathedral. 

Redial by Domus Piano 
Quartet. Bishopsgate Hall. 230 
Bishapsgate. EC2. 1.05. 

Organ recital by Colin Harri- 
son. Maxwell Hall. Salford 
University. 12J5. 

Redial by The Holbume 
Group. Si Vedast's. Foster Lane. 
EC2. U0. 

Organ redial by Kemp En- 
glish. Wesley's Chapel. City 
Road. ECI. 12J0. 

Redial by Jonathan Tobuti 
(oboe) and_ David Dubery (pi- I 


TV top ten 


Notional top ten raievfcnon pro^ansnss In 
the weak aiding Feonwy 18: 

BSC 1 

1 EastEndara mu/Sunt 23J0m 

2 EaMEndara (Tue/Sun ) 2 3.40m 

4 NMl^noncis Lateuna Breakfas t 
Show 1620m 

5 TheTa Ufe 14.05m 

6 Ht-Oe+fl l3J5m 

7 News and Wtaftnr (Sun 21:13) 
13.65m 

8 Every Second Counts 13 l 60 bi 

9 TO Death Us Do PBrt 1250a 
10 Bushel 12/tOm 

nv 

1 Wish You were Here (Mon/Wed) 
Thames I7.70tn 

2 Sheet (Mon) &vnda 

17.30m 

3 Coronation Sheet (Wed) Granada 
17.10m 

4 Duty Free YorttsHralS-IOm 

5 The BB Thames 14jnm 

6 Surprise. Surprise LOT 14.40m 

7 This is Your Uta Thanes 14.30m 

8 Crossroads (Tub) Central 13.80m 

9 Never The Twahi Thames 13J5m 
10 Crossroads (Wdd) Central 1150m 

BBC 2 

1 Yes Prime MHstw5J5m 

2 Forty Minutes 5£5m 

3 Songol Experience 4-90m 

4 Star Trek 4.55m ■ 

5 Food and Drmk 445m 

fi The Bob Monkhouse Show 435m . 
7 MASH430m 

6 Ski Sunday 4.00m 
9 Crufts 05 335m 

10 An Septan Ctfrt Stow* aa5m 


ACROSS 

I Cheerful message received — 
that's standard (5,5). 

9 Country written about in 
Kings. 1 (6L 

10 Magazine's auditor (8). 

11 A bit of ice, nonetheless, 
could make you very happy 

12 Kiqg employs fashionable 
accountant (4\ 

13 A peal ai noon, perhaps 
(5,5). 

15 10 in business in Win- 
chester, for instance (4-3). 

27 Annoyed, being confused by 
drag (7). 

28 Fight put up by Jerry? (5-5). 

21 Theatrical party (4). 

23 A beautiful creature reject- 
ing fancy appetiser (8). 

25 Given too much money, 
provide a lot of change (8) 

26 For' example, a landlord (6). 

27 Huge moth Colin and I dis- 
turbed (10). 


DOWN. 

2 The point in hunter's prayer 
(oL 

^ One being taught to repeat 
“I can read" (8). 

4 Finally End note Arthur 
misplaced (3.2.5L 

5 Refuse w store car without a 


6 GirTs inheritance consid- 
erably whittled down (4) 

7 Left very much as laid down 
( 8 )- 

8 Punch interrogated in nurs- 
ery rhyme (5,5). 

12 Without ceremony, put a 
friend in the picture ( 10 ). 

14 Fiddle, the musical in- 
strument for a fairy (6,4). 

16 Game's course interrupted 
by a point to be retaken ($). 

18 Worn out and stuck up, 1 
dropped it (8). 

19 Clown in bare skin, with 

nothing on (7). 

22 Italian family reduced drug 
by a quarter (6). 

24 Call “Timer (4) 


Sotatioo of Pazzle No 16377 


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James's Street, 1145. 

Recital by Jane Goodwin 
(cello) and Richard Greenwood 
(piano). St Marti n-in-the-Fields. 
1.05. 

Organ recital by Catherine 
Ennis. Sl Lawrence Jewry. ECI 

Concert by Guildhall Jazz 
Band, Guildhall School of Mu- 
sic and Drama. Barbican 7. 

Organ recital by Dr. William 
Cole. The Queen's Chapel of the 
Savoy. Savoy Hill. Suand, 6.30. 

Talk, lectures 

Fashion 1 920-1970. by Eileen 
Graham. 12; Seventeenth cen- 
tury English portrait miniatures: 
The artists, by Imogen Stewart 
1.15. Victoria & Albert Mu- 
seum. 

Correcting Nature Reynolds* 
discourses on art by Malcolm 
Andrews. Goldsmiths' Theatre. 
The London School of Hygiene 
and Tropica! Medicine. Keppel 
St WCi. 6.15. 

Into the unconscious Freud, 
by Dr. Nick Isbistw. The Lon- 
don Institute for Contemporary 
Christianity. St Peter’s Church. 
VcrcStWI. 1. 10 . 

Roman Bath, by Mr Stephen 
Bird. Attenborough Lecture 
Thratre 1. Lieeester University, 

Foxes, by Joyce Pope, Natural 
History Museum. South Ken- 
sington. 3. 

Nuclear physics, by Anthony 
■Wilson. Science Museum. South 
Kensington. 1. 

Beginnings and endings: Do- 
ras. the Impressionists and un- 
finished paintings, by Colin 
Wiggins. The National Gallery, 
Trafalgar Sq. I. 


Parliament today 


Commons (2.30): Local Gov- 
ernment Rate limitation Order 
and Local Government 
Reorganization Pensions Order. 

Lords (230k Shops Bill ami 
Salmon Bill, third reading 
l 


Roads 

The Midlands: MS: Major 
widening continues ‘ SW of 
Bromsgrove and Birmingham 
SW of the A38 (junction , 
5/Droitwicb); no access N at j 
junction 5; contraflow with 50 I 
raph speed limit. A41: Tern- 
poraiy traffic lights at Hatton, 
Warwick. A49: Three sections 
under repair between Ludlow 
and Shrewsbury. 

Wales and West: A48: Single 
line traffic on eastbound 
carriageway between Britan 
Ferry and Baglan. A4& Road- 
works with temporary Cghis 
between - Llandarog and 
Naniycaws, Dyfed. 

The North: Al (M): South- 
bound carriageway closed be- 
tween Blyth and Wadwonh, S 
Yorkshire; contraflow on north- 
bound carriageway. A49: Weak 
N and S ofTarporiey, Cheshire, 
in connection with Tarparley 
bypass. A6120: Severe delays at 
peak periods on the Leeds outer 
ring road at junction with 
Tongue lane. 

- Scotland; Edhbagfc Tem- 
porary traffic tights at the junc- 
tion with Fountaiubridge Road 


Road;. Mussleburgh, 
between King Street and Park 
Lane;' - diversion signposted. 
M73: Inside lanes of both 
carriageways dosed between 
Maryville interchange (junction 
1) and Balbeston interchange 
(junction 2L 


Weather 

forecast 

Pressure will remain high 
over Iceland and few S of 
. Britain. 

6am to midnight 

London, East AngBa, MMands, 
Wates, MW Engtand^ Me of JHan: 

Mostly dry, sunny periods, perhaps 
patchy freezkig fog. nt first; wind E 
fight, increasing moderate; max 
temp 4C (39B. 

St, rarntrai 5 En g l a nd: Mostly 
dry, surmy periods; wind E mod- 
erate, Increasing fresh; max temp 
4C (39F). 

Channel Wands, SW Endan± 

Some snow flurries later, drifong of 
lying snow; wind E fresh, locally 
gate Man max tamp 4C (39F). 

Lake Hstriet SW. MW Scoftand, 


NOON TODAY Ar»*«wr* h dhows in mffibau 



NOON TODAY 



High Tides 


The pound 


Lmfan &03 pm to &23 an 
B4«tei6.l3pm to6 33am 

m m iMS a 


Anniversaries 


Births: Angnste Renoir, Li- 
moges. France. 1841; Enrico 
Caraso, Naples, 1873. 

Deaths: Sir Christopher 
Wren, London, 1723; Tomas 
Moore, poet and musician. 

Devizes, Wiltshire, 1852; Sir 
John TeunieL illustrator (Alice's 
Adventures in Wondefitauft, 
taffldon. 1914; George Minot, YnMteBi-rtar 
physician. Nobel laureate 1934, fi40J» 

Brookline, Massachusets, 1950: tor sma# denotanatan tank notes 

Mark Rothko, pioneer of CoL onty as supplied uy Bwcisys Bank PLC 
our Field Painting, New York. fkaaflMee indue artor 
1970. London: TTw FT Max doeod up ioa « 



Around Britain 


Snow Reports 


Depth Conditions Whether 

L®*" ii pm. 2L. Ruf * sto <5pm) 

L U Prate Ptste resort - °( 

AUSTRIA 

"^powtarontadSe 9 °“ < <”*"<*■<**. - 

S,A SSd|*.JS ^ snow - 

** » — - 

FRANCE 

Rai T3e. S n W! »,^ 11 ^ 90®* powder good doud ^ 

‘*NS«» on Sd 1 S ^ P0Ml8r 900,1 ** 

SWITZERLAND 

Craj g^Sl t 9°°^ varied good doud 
uxateitskfingonnewsnow 

110 fair varied fair snow 3 

^on^SU 40 9000 >-7 «r sno. , 

*** «*« -■ 

3fir— -JSij? ^ ^ gee ^ , 

^odpSttaaS 260 9000 va,l0d “ <*»« < 


varied fair 



c F 
s u 57 
S T7 63 

o W 66 
s 23 73 
S 0 32 
S 17 03 

f 28 82 
r 12-54 

an -2 28 

0 -6 21 
' f 22 

c 12 54 
a 0 32 
G 7 45 

t -a as 

an -a 27 

1 33 91 
f 21 70 
■ 27 91 
CIS 61 


ttefcfe. 

C F 
an 4 21 
a -4 25 
.14 57 
4 39 
12 54 
16 61 
IS 59 
■4.25 
16.64 
337 
18 61 
-13 8 
17 83 
-6 23 
WS7 
2*82 
25 77 
27 81 
20 68 
15 89 
7 45 
-6 27 


C F 
t 17 63 
■ 21 70 
1 T5 68 
S 22 .72 
117 63 
s 28 62 

a 948 

0 * 18 
e--8 18 
fr -6 21 
S- 19 84 

e ifi 81 
>20 88 
S 228 
* IS 59 

1 -6 21 
i -1.30 
i 3 37 
1 23 73 
t -7 19 
t 2 36 

i 17 53- 
r 27 81 
.28 82: 






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