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. % 

r W 

No 62,390 


Manila , goes w ild as Mrs Aquino takes over presidency 

Marcos quits *£« 

and flies |T*tiiS 

to sanctuary -sznk i 

W W y nos celebrated the defeat of ffiBifHBMH i 

. President Marcos early today »■•>:* _ P * 

;r fi;w- 

President Ferdinand Mar- 
cos last night flew out of 
Manila m an American heli- 
copter. and the city erupted in 
celebration at the end of a 14- 
year nightmare. 

A defeated, rejected man, 
deserted by all but his closest 
cronies, he -agreed to give up 
the Philippines presidency afr 
ter two hours of negotiation 
with leaders or the govern- 
ment led by Mrs (Torazon 
Aquino which replaces him. 

Mr Marcos left with his 
wife. Imelda. his son, Ferdi- 
nand Junior, and daughters 
Aimee and Irene. They were 
to spend the night at the 
American Clark Air Force 
Base, north of the capital. 

After that, bis final destina- 
tion is not known, though 
sources in the Reagan Admin- 
istration suggest that he will 
spend some days m his home 
province, 1 locos Norte on 
Luzon island, before probably 
leaving the country. 

Some other associates of the 
former President also left 
Manila, but there was fighting 
between those who discovered 
that there was no provision for 
them to join the presidential 
escape party. 

Two blue and white Black- 
hawk helicopters of the presi- 
dential flight lifted Mr Marcos 
and bis family from the 
grounds of. the Malacanang 
Palace just after 9 o’clock for 
the flight to the air base. ' 

As they lifted off there was 
sporadic gunfire round the 
building as angry Filipinos 
broke throi^h and started 
looting the palace after 1,000 
Mantics of the presidential 
guard inarched out while asso- 
ciates of Mr Marcos were in 
prayer in an adjdtpibg chapeL 

From David Watts, Manila 

News of the departure 
spread quickly through the 
city. Homs started blaring, 
and firecrackers and gunfire 
could be heard from all over. 
Some danced in the streets or 
sang carols. Two presenters on 
national television burst into 
tears as a priest led them in a 
prayer of thanksgiving for the 
dictator's departure. 

Mrs Aquino, his election 
opponent managed to fit in 
her tumultuous alternative 
swearing-in ceremony before 
Mr Marcos's private ceremo-- 
ny, which was attended only 
by close family and associates. 

She named Mr Salvador 
Laurel, her election running- 
mate, as Prime Minister. The 
two leaders of Lhe rebellion 
against Mr Marcos, Mr Juan 
Ponce EnriJe and Lt Gen Fidel 
Ramos, were also honoured. 
Mr Entile becomes her De- 
fence Minister, the position be 
held under Mr Marcos, and 
Mr Ramos was promoted to 
full General and made Chief 
of Staff of .the Armed Forces, 
She told guests at the swear- 
ing-in; “This is just a begin- 
ning. The same spirit which 
animated our campaign and 
has led to our triumph will 
even more prevail, by the 
power of the people and the 
grace of God. 

“I pledge to bring justice to 
the many victims of human 
rights violations. We pledge a 
government dedicated to up- 
hold truth and justice, moral- 
ity and decency in govern- , 
mem, freedom and 
democracy." , 

As the Marcos dictatorshop < 
disintegrated during the day, < 
so the race to leave the 
country accelerated. The vice j 
governor of Manila, Mr Ismail s 

fc. waw -tm From Michael Hamlyn 


£M I W Tens of thousands of Fltipi- 

▼ nos celebrated the defeat of 

W President Marcos early today 

by breaking into the 
Malacanang presidential paj- 

Matthay. a close associate of acein Manila and looting it. 

L W. 

Mrs Marcos, left 
United Slates, as 

for the The essentially good im- 
did the moored crowd finally over- 

acting Minister of Foreign came tbe residnal resistance of 
Affairs, Dr Pacifico Castro. the soldiers left guarding the 
Mr Estelito Mendoza, the Palace and swarmed all over 
Minister of Justice, was not so the y** 1 irongates on the east 
fortunate: airport authorities s ^ e t0 11111 riot hi the palace 
stopped him as he tried to 8 ar ^ ens - 
leave. They rushed into the offices 

The collapse came after a **** proceeded to wreck rooms, 
day of media wars which s*®*! anything moveable, and 
began when troops backing shower office papers and files 
Mr Marcos tried to regain a confetti on the crowds 
television station lost to the beneath the windows, 
opposition. Only the first few Yonng looters ripped pic- 
seconds of his inauguration ft?® 5 °f Mr Marcos and his 
ceremony were shown before wife ImeWa off the wails, and 
troops supporting Mis Aquino Paraded them upside down 
destroyed the station's equip- before trampling and burning 


The palace found out only 


The medical room, the office 

later that one of its last cards the press secretary to the 
had been wasted, since no-one ex-president, the guard-room, 
saw the broadcast Neither Mr w ‘ ere turned inside oat, and 
Marcos's vice-presidential the celebrating raiders 
running-mate. Mr Arturo nmrehed about wearing the 
Tolentino, nor the Prime Min- fiptds* steel helmets and kfaa- 
lster. Mr Cesar Virata, was at hi shirts, 
the ceremony. .A small canteen, complete 

On the palace balcony after w, ’tb refrigerator full of Coke 
his “rcmauguration", Mr and beer, was quickly emptied. 
Marcos addressed his support- H “fi? quantities of boring 
ers: "Whatever the obstacles, publications on the Philip- 
whatever the challenges, 1 say P*««* economy were carried 

As his wife listens, Mr Marcos pledges to stay on after his “reinangnratioa'* 

breakthrough on IBA puts 

Tlc^ar doubt on 

to you we will overcome. 

Nine people were killed in 

Breakthrough on 
Ulster deadlock 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 
Ulster’s political deadlock recipe" for damaging the local 

Before the crowds broke 

Manila in the last hours of the ,nt0 f he building they had 
dictatorship: four Marcos sol- nose-to-nose with the 
diers defending a television 8*®**^® defending it 
station and three soldiers and For several hoors «he peo- 
two civilians when loyalists pl< r H e P f k by blac k- 
— -.--j .r . J painted barbed wire, patiently 

attacked a police station. 

: l 

y r . 


. * 

The Thnes PovtfoBo daily 
competition prize of £2/100 
was shared between seven 
readers yesterday: Mr Nor- 
man Roofce of Tomngton, 
Devon; Mrs J G Chester of 
Walfington, Surrey; Mir An- 
drew £ilsmore of Andover, 
Hampshire; Mr K Inman- 
Pattimore of Christchurch; 
Mrs J L Knight of Bembridge, 
isle of Wight; Mr V.G Van 
Hee of Coventry; and Mrs V | 
Walker of Berkhamsted, 

Portfolio list, page 24; bow to 
play, information service, page 




The pound jumped by more 
than three cents to $1.4952 
yesterday, as the doUar's-slide 
continual However, the FT 
50-share index fell ! 1 points to 
1 264.2. and the National Insti- 
tute for Economic and Social 
Research forecast a continued 
slowdown of the British econ- 

The National Institute, 
Britain's longest standing in- 
dependent forecaster, predict- 
ed growth of only 1.8 per cent 
this year, falling to 1.4 per cent 
next year 

Pensioned off 

The Government may have to 
introduce a flexible retirement 
age for both sexes because the 
European Court is expected to 
rule today that compulsory' 
retirement for women at 60 
breaches EEC law Page 3 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

President Reagan yesterday October, helped j 
•telephoned a congratulatory Philippines leadi 
message to Mrs Aquino after After two telepho: 
an official statement was is- Mr Marcos on M 
sued here recognizing her as noon, the Repub! 
President of the Philippines. told him he shoul 
* .Clark Air Base has been On the instruct 
placed on increased awareness Reagan, he also 
and leave for servicemen has . “peace, security i 
been cancelled- No special if he left without 1 
military atari has been ordered At a press confe 
as yet. day. Mr Laxalt sj 

Mr Marcos, who has been cos wanted to kr 
guaranteed a safe haven there the statement is; 
until be decides where to go, is White House c 
being offered asylum here. calling on him it 
Contingency plans have power represemec 
been made to accommodate al views of Mr Re 
the former President, his fam- “He asked if 
ily and members of his gov- could be worked i 
eminent in America, but US power could be : 
officials yesterday afternoon Laxalt said. “I sa 
insisted they Sill did not know that was impractii 
his intentions. wanted assurance 

Mr Larry Speakes. the not be punished 
spokesman for the White here and “I mdica 
House, said if Mr Marcos no problem.*’ 
chose to stay in the Philip- Mr Laxalt the 
pines, US officials would have Reagan and at ah 
to consult Mrs Aquino’s gov- Marcos telephone 
emment over Washington’s ing he was reac 
offer to guarantee his safety. office. 

Meanwhile it has been re- The Reagan Adi 
vealed that Senator Raul Lax- has expressed op 
alt. President Reagan's special Mrs Aquino wili 
envoy to Mr Marcos last country 

Mrs Aquino called on all J* 1 *? “d charted. When 
civil servants to stay in their Rfr M*™* »*d Ms family 
posts and to protect public were flown out of the palace by 
records. The Foreign Ministry helicopter, most of the guards 
saidthat all of its staff were „ 

supporting Mrs Aquino. *he off* 4 * of Mrs Corazon 

No diplomats were present fM™* *** President, 
in an official capacity^ her senes of pleas to the 

swearing-in. crowd not to charge up to the 

. palace, and Lientenant-Geaer- 
• V tITi* '"if T Karnes; tbtShekdof the 

hlCl Philippines- national police, 
villllJ urged them on the televiswn 

■ _ . channel liberated from gorern- 

.1 ^ 4~Z rvwa n mrat control not to loot 
j M imn\ As the crowd moved down 

* . w*VP**kP the road leading to the palace 

on, Washington H ■* a rearguaid of snpport- 

ers of the KBL, Mr Marcos s 
October, helped persuade the political party. 

Philippines leader to leave. A series of vicious stone- 
Vfter two telephone calls from throwing incidents ensued, 
rir Marcos on Monday after- leading to part of the crowd 

October, helped persuade the political party. 

Philippines leader to leave. A series of vicious stone- 
After two telephone calls from throwing incidents ensued, 
Mr Marcos on Monday after- leading to part of the crowd 
noon, the Republican senator (including this reporter) being 
told him he should step down, trapped inside a block of flats 
On the instructions of Mr with no exit except back into 
Reagan, he also offered him the hail of stones. 

“peace, security and dignity" The KBL men and the 
if he left without bloodshed. Aquino supporters fought each 
At a press conference yester- other in and out of the 
day. Mr Laxalt said Mr Mar- courtyard of the Oats, and 
cos wanted to know whether there was also an exchange of 
the statement issued by the petrol-bombs. 

Monday A group of nous, priests and 

calling on him to hand over seminarians who took refuge 
power represented the person- in the apartment of a Chinese 

was broken yesterday when 
the Prime Minister, Mrs 
Thatcher, and Unionist lead- 
ers agreed to consider a round- 
table conference on 
devolution of powers to die 

After 90 minutes of tough 
talking at Number 10, Mr 
James Molyneaux. leader of 
the Official Unionists. 
said:"We have got away from 
what was anticipated would be 
a deadlock situation." 

Mr Tom King. Secretary of 
| Slate for Northern Ireland. 
said:"lt actually does now take 
us into co3nr.y*where there is 
a real ppponunity to make a 
new start in Northern Ireland 
after years and years of 

But Mr Ian Paisley, leader 
of the Democratic Unionist 
Party, underlined the 
Unionists’ continuing opposi- 
tion to November's Anglo- 
Irish Agreement and 
reported:”! said to the Prime 
Minister that a one-day strike 
would be a Sunday school 
picnic compared with what 
she could expect if she goes on 
implementing this 


The Unionist leaders dis- 
tanced themselves from 
Monday’s threatened strike in 
the province and the planned 
action was yesterday con- 
demned by both the Prime 
Minister and Mr King, who 
said it would be his “ideal 

al views of Mr Reagan. 

family treated demonstrators 


Mrs Thatcher told the 
Commons:"Therc is no possi- 
ble reason for a strike on 
Monday or at any other lime 
and I hope that the consider- 
ations which wc raised this 
morning will be gone into very 
deeply by the Unionists. 

“We hope lo meet again in a 
comparatively short lime, 
when J have seerr the leaders 
of the other parties in North- 
ern Ireland.” 

A Downing Street statement 
on the talks said that Mrs 
Thatcher, had offered consul- 
tations with the Unionists 
. about the fuiure of the North- 
ern Ireland Assembly and 
about arrangements for han- 
dling Nonhem Ireland busi- 
ness in Parliament at 1 

But the face-saver for the 
Unionists was on their long- 
standing proposal for round- 
table talks on devolution, 
which the Prime Minister S3id 
she would consider positively. 

The statement said Mrs 
Thatcher had told Mr 
Molyneaux and Mr Paisley 
"that the Government would 
be willing to consider any 
system of devolution that 
would command widespread 
acceptance in Northern 

Both sides will consider 
yesterday's proposals and a 
further meeting is expected 

Continued on page 2, col 7 

Rank bid 

By Cliff Feltham 
The future of the Rank 
Organisation's £740 million 
takeover bid for the Granada 
Group ns thrown into confu- 
sion last night after the Inde- 
pendent Broadcasting Auth- 
ority refused to allow toe 
Granada commercial teleri- 


by MPs 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

Mr John Wakeham, the 
Government Chief Whip, pro- 
tested and another Conserva- 
tive MP threatened to resign 
as the Government yesterday 
announced the four sites cho- 
sen as possible clumping 
grounds for the disposal of 
radioactive waste. 

Mr Kenneth Baker. Secre- 
tary of State for the Environ- 
ment, announced that he was 
laying a special development 
order io enable test drillings io 
take place at Bradwell in 
Essex, in Mr Wakeham's con- 
stituency of Colchester South 
and Maldon, Elstow in Bed- 
fordshire, Fulbeck in Lincoln- 
shire and South Kiilingholme 
in South Humberside. 

All are in Conservative 
constituencies and Mr Mi- 
chael Brown, MP for Brigg 
and Cleethorpes, which covers 
the South Kiilingholme site, 
promised that he and his 
constituency would fight a 
“guerrilla war” against the 
plan, warning that he would 
stand down as an MP if a 
nuclear dump was ever al- 
lowed there. 

Mr Baker told MPS that at 
this stage the Nuclear Industry 
Radioactive Waste Executive 
(Nirex) would only carry out 
exploratory geological investi- 
gations at the sites in sufficient 
detail to see whether they 
might be suitable. If none was 
confirmed as suitable, none 
would be developed. 

The work will require plan- 
ning permission which Parlia- 
ment will be asked to approve 
by passing the development 
order. The investigation of the 
four sites could take between a 

y«» rand 1 8 months and, if anv 
Granada commercial (efevi- p rovet j suitable^ Nirex will 
non banchbe to change make a p ja nil j n g application 
ThT Ida mU for one which will be the 

ovJr rf sut,ject Qr . a -? ublic 

w uranuua wuuia ”ieaa ,iari; no ; n iqcr ' 

to a major change in the II! 6 • ‘ 

control of a viable ITV pro- The site will be used for the 

gramme contractor”. This 
would be “ unacceptable " to 
the IBA, a statement said. 

The IBA said that trader the 
• terms .of the Broadcasting Act 
its approval was needed for 
any shareholder with more' 
than 5 per cent of the voting 

It understood that Rank had 
now built np a stake in excess 
of this amount and the IBA 
was refusing to give its consent 
to the bolding. 

The bard line adopted by 
the IBA after a 90 minnte 
meeting in London will have 
almost certainly stunned the 
Rank board and its advisers. 

Rank had been expecting at 
worst that it would be required 
to agree to sell the Granada 
franchise if its takeover bid 
was successful. 

The 2BA‘s response now 
appears to place the wbole bid 
in jeopardy. 

A get together of Rank and 
Granada would have created a 
£!£ bfllion group. 

disposal of low-level and 
shorter lived intermediate- 
level radioactive wastes, such 
as rubber gloves, paper towels, 
with suspect levels of activity, 
used equipment and disman- 
tled machineiy. 

Mr Baker also disclosed that 
the Ministry of Defence was 
authorizing exploratory work 
on MoD land to find a suitable 
coastal site for disposing of the 
reactor compartments of de- 
commissioned nuclear power 
submarines, which will be 
necessary if an inland site is 
chosen for the waste. 

Mr Wakeham. who was on 
the from bench for Mr Baker's 
statement, took lhe rare step 
of issuing a statement imme- 
diately afterwards, criticizing 
a government decision. 

The statement, which was 
cleared by Downing Street, 
described the choice of 
Bradwell as “totally 

Local reaction, page 2 

“He asked if something wounded by the rain of brick- 
could be worked out whereby bats. 

power could be shared,' 

The KBL men faded away. 

Laxalt said. "I said ! thought and the crowd took up station 
that was impractical." He also at the palace railings. A few 
wanted assurances he would who broke in were routed out 
not be punished if he came by the remaining guards, and 
here and “I indicated that was the crowds scattered when one 
□o problem.” of the soldiers fired in the air. 

Mr Laxalt then met Mr The soldiers said that they 
Reagan and at about 3pm Mr were only fulfilling the orders 
Marcos telephoned again say- of the new government as 
ing he was ready to leave expressed by Genera] Ramos 
office. in preventing the crowd from 

Gorbachov lashes 
years of apathy 

The Reagan Administration entering. Eventually, however, 
has expressed optimism that the numbers proved too great. 
Mrs Aquino will unify the The gates were forced, and 

country Continued cm page 2, col 4 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachov 
launched the Soviet equiva- 
lent of a crusade yesterday in 
his effort to modernize the 
nation in the run-up to the 
21 si century by eliminating 
ills such as inefficiency and 
red tape, which he blamed for 
retarding its social and eco- 
nomic progress. 

Referring to the continued 
failure to agree a firm date for 
the J 986 summit. Mn 
Gorbachov stressed that he 
would agree to anv time 
suggested by the US on condi- 
tion Lhat Washington showed 
“readiness to reach 
agreement” on a nuclear lest 
ban and the abolition of 

Defence spending faces shake-up 

Iran offensive 

Iran launched another offen- 
sive into Iraq, this time into 
Kurdistan, but the broken ofl 
port of Fao remains the main 
focus Page 8 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 
Mr Georaf Younger, the 
Secretary of Stale for Defence, 
yesterday announced a major 
shake-up in the £8.5 billion-a- 
year defence procurement 
spending programme in an 
effort to increase value for 
moneynnd improve efficiency 
in private industry. 

Mr Younger said that in 
particular the “generous" sys- 
tem of giving defence contrac- 
tors interim payments of up to 

*°0Der jcent of costs would be fence Industries Council he 
cat back. would be discussing with col- 

At the annual convention of 
the institute of Directors in {£*2 
London, Mr Younger said that 

the interim payments regime 'ri^ c ra ^ ! 

had ensured that in many ■!?£j!? ve ID ,he 

cases businesses continued to 

receive money from the Min- jl f “JLS C0B * 

istry fb- Defence and profit. 

The Soviet leader also at- American and Soviet inierme- 
tacked President Reagan's re- diate weapons in Europe, 
sponse this week to his plan In a marathon address to 
for scrapping nuclear arsenals the opening of Lhe watershed 
and hinted that the holding of 27th congress of the Commu- 
the second superpower sum- nisi Party, Mr Gorbachov 
mil later this year could be jn delivered a damning attack on 
doubl if Washington failed lo inertia and apathy which 
show a willingness for con- flourished under the 18-year i 
crete new agreements on arms rule of Leonid Brezhnev, 
control. The speech was designed to 

In his first public response set the tone for the 10-day 
to President Reagan’s reply congress, one of the most 

delivered here on Sunday. Mr significant in the 
Gorbachov said firmly: “It is history'. It heralded 



istry fb Defence and profit. .. _ 

even if Droierts hart fhllen propose to reduce 

hrirind «S3S? Payments and interim 

Denina scneauie payment of profit which has 

Mr Younger said that at a also been made in the past will 
eeting of the National De- normally be discontinued.” 

meeting of lhe National De- 

hard to delect in this letter we widespread changes in Soviet 
have just received any serious cultural, economic and bu- 
proposai on the part of the US rcaucratic life, but specifically 
Administration to get down lo ruled out a wholesale “purge” 
the cardinal problem of elimi- of the Communist Party 

nating the nuclear threat 

Extracts of speech, page 7 

Icy forecast Holice CI1 

There wifl be no tel up in the J 

cold spell until Sundayat the miC— O | I i l l 

earliest OW dying, page 40 ' • . . . 

A chief constable who rc- 
X OD 2C3T ported himself after unwit- 

__ * j® _ . j_.__ finely abetting a. dozen other 


F"Kirfefi “-km 

Motor Industry Pages 25-32 J ^ >secuxioass (Tim Jones 

{ SSeJr* oEU tfi "Tte incident happened last 

xbws n&JU ParEunesi < month when Mr Donald 

Arts w ftupwtj 36J7 smith, head of Wiltshire po- 

Business 2t-24 Sciea qt » lice, ' was playing host to 

sU Er»i was®?* 

Fetuses TVA fctdfc 39 Conference at Devizes. 

Dtery » The bar at the police recre- 

um Bey on 3S 2 ational sports and social dub 

»** n Mm IJ k,,.. 4, 

Police chief admits 
late-drinks blunder 

Insurance sales curb urged 

12-14 TV' A- Radio 39 

14 UfMrttfcs 16 
: 35 Westbcr 

15 W»s K 

JJ Conference at Devizes. 

*2 The bar at the police recre- 
U otional sports and social, dub 
— should have closed at 
. 10.30pm. but Mr ; . 

Smith ordered it to slay 
open for another half hour. 

He received a complaint 
and reported himself after 
realising he had made a mis- 
take on the extent of his 

In a statement from Wilt- 
shire police Mr Smith said: **I 
was wrong. I made the mis- 
take. I therefore asked my 
regional inspector of constab- 
ulary for the matter to be 
properly investigated and re- 
ported to the DPP and my : 
police authority. The matter is 
now in the hands of my 

By Michael Prest 
I Financial Correspondent 

[ Tough new curbs on 
Britain's 200.000 insurance 
salesmen were called for yes- 
terday by the Government's 
| proposed watchdog for the 

The Marketing of Invest- 
ments Board Organizing Com- 
mittee said it had urged die 

Government to indude in the 
Financial Services Bill, HOW 
before Parliament, powers to 
make investment salesmen 
join a central register .and to 
pass an examination. 

No one would be allowed to 
sell life insurance or unit trusts 
without meeting the register’s 

standards, designed to ensure 
honesty and competence. 

But the proposals received a 
lukewarm reception from the 
Government. Mr Michael 
Howard, the consumer affairs 
minister, said that be would 
invite public comments on 

them over the next month. 

Department of Trade ami 
Industry sources, however, 

said that ministers still had to 
be convinced of the need far a 
central register, and that com- 
ments were being invited on 
the principle rather than the 


Nevertheless, Mr Mark 
Weiaberg, chairman ofMjboc, 
was specific about his plans. 
He said that the register would 

contain details of a salesman's 
employment in the industry 
and public inspection of it | 
would be free. The examina- 
tion could be conducted by 
computer at a fee of £10 for the 

The big banks, however, 
were unimpressed. In a swift 
response last night Mr Philip 
Wilkinson, chief executive iff 
National Westminister Bank, 
Said: “The new proposals will 
create severe difficulties for 
reputable organizations like 
(he major banks without guar- 
anteeing the objective of get- 
ting rid of the dobfoos 

Kenneth Fleet, page 21 

Quality Homes of Character 




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Goyernment’s labour 
laws do not go far 
enough, Chappie says 

Reports by Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

Lord Chappie, former gen- 
era) secretary of the 
electricians’ union EETPU, 
attacked extremists in the 
trade unions and Labour Par- 
ty and criticized the Govern- 
ment for not going far enough 
in its employment legislation, 
when he spoke at the Institute 
of Directors conference at the 
Albert Hall in London yester- 

"I support the present 
government's laws about bal- 
loting before strikes and for 
the election of union execu- 
tives. My criticism of the 
Government is that it hasn't 
gone far enough. I've always 
thought that there should be 
secret postal balloting. For 
reasons which I've never un- 
derstood the Government has 
always been lukewarm about 

The extreme left made big 
gains in 1985. he said. “Ken 
Gill, the current chairman of 
the TUC. is a Moscow hard- 
liner who was expelled from 
the British Communist Party 
because of his unswerving 
devotion to the Kremlin. The 
last Labour Party conference 
confirmed that while Neil 
Kinnock may twist and 
weave, the party itself remains 
flrmly in the hands of the left 

“Britain's largest union, the 
Transport and General Work- 
ers. with 1.5miIiion members, 
remains a bastion of commu- 
nists and extremists, in spite 
of or maybe because of. a 
large number of ballots that 
have taken place. Many of 
these ballots have given a new 
law to political theory: accord- 
ing to the union, the less 
important the issue the higher 
the turnout, and. conversely. 

the more vital the issue, the 
fewer members who vote.” 

Lord Chappie said that local 
government had been trans- 
formed out of all recognition. 
“Instead of providing local 
services our great cities have 
been taken over by a rag-bag 
of assorted “Trots', who waste 
millions of pounds of public 
money on bizarre and outra- 
geous causes. It's not just the 
loony handouts that are so 
worrying. Many of these coun- 
cils have also twinned them- 
selves with puppet regimes 
and flit off to Nicaragua or 
Havana at a moment's notice. 

“These left-controlled coun- 
cils have destroyed the old 
consensus of municipal gov- 

Lord Chappie, who called 
for secret postal ballots 

emmenL I doubt if it's possi- 
ble for local democracy to be 
the same again. Many of these 
local councils have also fo- 
mented inner-city unrest. By 
launching anti-police cam- 
paigns and excusing looters 
and rapists, they have given a 
green light to the worst ele- 
ments in our cities," he said. 

“Nor should anyone run 
away with the idea that it's 
only in the unions or the 
councils or within the Labour 
Party that extremists are busy. 
Extremists have infiltrated 
such diverse organizations as 
the British Council for Ar- 
chaeology and the Animal 
Rights Movement, which has 
gone from criticizing fox hunt- 
ing to putting bombs outside 
people's houses. 

“Inevitably, every pestilent 
needs breeding grounds. Un- 
employment and inner-city 
decay, racism and poverty are 
(ike laboratory conditions. Ex- 
tremism can only be over- 
come if people fight 
politically and by destroying 
its breeding grounds. 

“As long as we tolerate 
massive unemployment, as 
long as the fear of inflation 
and an inability to create new 
jobs without stoking that spi 
ral remains, extremism wili 
prosper, gnawing at our foun 
daiions. growing in strength 
harrassing our institutions 
and forever pulling us back 
when we want to go forward," 
Lord Chappie said. 

“I believe, in a dynamic, 
competitive society which re- 
wards achievers, encourages 
success and keeps the power of 
the stale to a minimum. But 1 
also know that if 41 percent of 
adult workers earn less than 
the Common Market's esti- 
mate of a decent wage level 
that if black people are sys- 
tematically disadvantaged and 
that notions of fairness are 
rejected out of hand, a price 
will have to be paid And 
eventually. it’ll land on our 

Mr Eddy Shah, . 
directors m support off Mr ! 

to the 

The Rt Hon Jim Hacker; alias Mr 
Paul Eddington, the actor. 

There’s a war on, Joint work 
Sir John says ? n defe J} ce 

J u,e imperative 

Sir John Hoskyns, the 
institute's director general and 
a former head of Mrs 
Thatcher’s Downing Street 
policy unit, in a scathing 
attack on Britain's form of 
Cabinet decision-making and 
civil service hierarchy, said: 
“We are trying to /solve the 
problems of the eighties with a 
system dating from' the thir- 
ties- i 

“We have been fighting an 
Intellectual civil war between 
those who believe that capital- 
ism and enterprise are the best 
means of improving die quali- 
ty of life, and those who- often 
sincerely - wish to replace it 
with something different 
“We can see this fatal 
confusion at work Inside the 
Government itself. There is 
what 1 would call the radical 
tendency, whose motto is 
’there's a war on.’ And there is 
the consolidating tendency, 
with the motto “peace in our 
time.* Most people would pre- 
fer peace in our time; bat I 
suspect that many know, pri- 
vately, that there’s a war on. 
Britain's indnstrial future is 
doomed unless that war is won. 

“If there had been more 
Frank Chappies, more Eric 
Hammonds, and more dear- 
headed business leaders, it 
would have been won years 


Sir John Hoskyns, who at- 
tacked outdated systems. 

“Business cannot, in 
long run, carry the cost of 
Britain’s unreconstructed wel- 
fare state, its poblic sector 
unions, and all the rigidities 
and hidden costs of housing 
policy, employment law, com- 
pany law, EEC regulations; it 
cannot start a lap behind its 
foreign competitors, and some- 
how finish up with tbe 

Referring to the Westland 
affair, Str John said: “We 
can't afford to wait nod! there 
is trouble at Yeorfl before 
starting to think about wheth- 
er defence contractors are 
different from ordinary busi- 
nesses. “The different cases 
have to be argued through 
inside government and the 
results then explained to the 
public. Ministers most look at 
the whole picture, industry by 
industry, country by country, 
defence, high technology and 
all the rest, and ask them- 
selves where normal free mar- 
ket principles should apply, 
where other governments are 
not playing the game.“ 

Sir John said that a failure 
to achieve consensus in Cabi- 
net could cause the whole 
attempt to break out of our 
post-war decline to be aban- 

“Achieving a consensus is 
easier said than done. The 
meetings are too formal. There 
isn't enough time. People are 
not allowed to take their coats 
off. Visual aids are regarded 
as bad taste. Such meetings 
consist of the rehearsal and 
negotiation of departmental 
positions, and seldom produce 
new insights or new ideas. 

“If, during these past six 
years, the Government had 
worked out an internal consen- 
sus for the long term, it would 
by now be ready to put forward 
a programme of dramatic 
liberalisation of the economy, 
a fundamental redesign of our 
welfare stale and public 
spending system, and a policy 
for competition and for part- 
nership between government 
and ■ “ 

By Edward Townsend 

Indnstrial Correspondent 

international collaboration 
on defence projects, especially 
within Europe, was impera- 
tive. the Secretary of Stale for 
Defence. Mr George Younger, 
told the annual convention of 
the Institute of Directors yes- 

• . The need for the European 
industry to “get its act 
together'' was not anti-Ameri- 

“Pressure for this comes 
above all from the United 
States itself, anxious that Eu- 
rope pulls its weight within the 
alliance to the maximum pos- 
sible extent, ” Mr Younger 

“It is important that every- 
body involved in defence 
should understand why col- 
laborative projects will figure 
more and more in our future 
procurement. While there is a 
long history of collaboration 
in Nato, we need to do even 

“There is the military need 
to have equipment which is 
inter-operable and standard- 
ized. We and our allies cannot 
operate in self-contained box- 
es, whether on land, in the air 
oral sea. 

“While 46 per cent of 
Britain's defence budget was 
now spent on equipment, the 
highest figure in Nato, the 
absolute sum of money avail- 
able to defence equipment will 
not grow in the future as ft has 
in recent years. We need other 
means of making the money at 
our disposal go further. 

“The rapid change in tech- 
nology and market structure 
has meant that the challenge 
from the US is accelerating 
ever more rapidly. 

“While Britain and Europe 
possess the scientific and engi- 
neering skills to match this 
challenge, we cannot succeed 
while these skills are dissipat- 
ed in national projects which 
duplicate each o 

Computers Tor every child’ 

The country’s education 
budget should be doubled to 
f 1 0 billion a year by the early 
1 990s in an attempt to create 
an information rather than 
industrial economy, according 
10 Mr Tom Stonier. Professor 
of Science and Society at the 
University of Bradford. 

That would create at least a 
million jobs. A doubling of the 
number of entrants into the 
higher education system 
would keep another 500,000 
young people off the labour 

Directly or indirectly, there- 
fore. 1.5 million people would 
be drawn off the labour mar- 
ket into constructive activi- 

Assuming a cost to the 
Exchequer of £5.000 per per- 
son on the dole, the savings to 
the Government would 
amount to £7.5 billion. This 
would result in a net cost of 
Only £2-5 billion, and would 
cut unemployment almost in 

Professor Stonier saidi“One 
feature of such a new educa- 
tion system should involve 
tl» massive expansion of the 

use of computers. Included in 
the budget should be a provi- 
sion for providing all children 
in this country with a comput- 
er system to be used at home 
and at school. We need, not 
one computer per school, but 
one computer per child.” 

Given that about 15 million 
units would be involved, £300 
per personal system should 
buy a lot. including a small 
portable keyboard, a modem 
at home to plug into the 
telephone system and similar 
devices at school, disc drives, 
priming facilities for home 
and school, and other 
peripherals in schools ranging 
from remote-controlled turtles 
and other robots, to sophisti- 
cated software, hard-disk 
back-up and expert system 

The costs of £200 per child, 
spread over a six-year period, 
would be about £500 million a 
year or nine per cent of the 
present education budget. 

As a result, the country 
would become truly at home 
with computers. 

Assuming that British-made 
equipment was used, the 

amount of commercial activi- 
ty generated in terms of 
hardware and software pro- 
duction, servicing and train- 
ing, would stimulate the 
economy and create the kind 
or intellectual infrastructure to 
assure a technologically liter- 
ate society in the next century. 

Professor Stonier said:“The 
jobs of the future will be 
people-to-people jobs. The 
traditional people-to-machine 
jobs, and routine white-collar 
jobs will disappear. The sons 
and daughters of formers, 
miners, steel and automobile 
workers, as well as those of 
typists and bank tellers will be 
doctors and nurses, teachers 
and managers. During the 
transition into an information 
economy, the greatest increase 
in employment will occur in 
the public sector. 

“Unemployment will be 
eliminated by the end of the 
century. If we use our brains it 
can disappear by the begin- 
ning of the next decade. An 
educated workforce learns to 
exploit new technology an 
ignorant one becomes ns 

Big rise in 
Met police 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

A substantial increase inthe 
strength of the Metropolitan 
Police force has been recom- 
mended by an internal Home 
Office inquiry. 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, is under- 
stood to be sympathetic to the 
findings of the inquiry. 

Tbe strength of the Metro- 
politan force was 26,870 at the 
end of January, the highest 
ever, and Sir Kenneth New- 
man, the Metropolitan Com- 
missioner, plans to reach his 
allowed establishment of 
27.165 by next Jane. 

But after the riots last 
September and October In 
Handsworth. Brtxton and Tot- 
tenham, Sir Kenneth asked for 
an increase 

Mr Hard is understood to 
accept that an increase in 
police numbers is one of the 
measures that can be taken to 
demonstrate government con- 
fidence in the force. 

Home Office ministers fed 
measures are necessary also to 
increase public confidence, 
particularly in London. They 
believe that tbe alleged assault 
on five youths In north Lon- 
don, for which four officers 
have been arrested, has te- 
ther damaged police-public 
relations in the capital. 

Ministers report encourag- 
ing progress in efforts to enlist 
more members of the ethnic 
communities. Although the 
numbers recruited qre nothigh 
ministers have been impressed 
by tbe efforts of chief consta- 
bles to publicize opportunities 
available for blacks and 

school vouchers 

Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Battle for 

The revival of the education 
voucher idea in Conservative 
circles is thought to come 
from two sources — a small 
group of backbench Tory MPs 
and the Prime Minister’s poli- 
cy unit headed by Professor 
Brian Griffiths, formerly of 
the City University. 

The proposal for a voucher 
scheme to increase parental 
choice was rejected by Sir 
Keith Joseph, Secretary of 
Slate for Education and Sci- 
ence, in 1983 but is now very 
much back on the Conserva- 
tive Party agenda. 

Mr John Barnes, vice-chair- 
man of Kent County Council 
and a voucher enthusiast, 
believes it will be a Conserva- 
tive manifesto commitment 
for the next election. 

But almost the entire educa- 
tion establishment is against 
the idea. Sir Keith was “intel- 
lectually attracted" to it, but 
declared in 1983 that it was no 
longer on the agenda after he 
had been convinced by the 
arguments of civil servants 
that it would be expensive 

But this did not stop the 
voucher enthusiasts from con- * 
tinuing their campaign. 

The latest sally from the 
pro-voucher lobby is pub-" 
lished next Monday by the 
Institute of Economic Affairs 
in the fomrrof a book. The 
Riddle of the. Voucher by 
Arthur Spldon. 

It alleges that “official feet- 
draggmg?’ by Civil Servants at ; 
the Department. of Education - . -cation,, 
killed off the voucher idea, British 

And a key factor in the 
idea's revival is thought to 

have been the presence of Mr 
Oliver Letwin in the Prime 
Minister's policy unit. A keen 
advocate of tbe voucher idea, 
he has now left the unit 

Among Conservative MPs 
keen on bringing marker 
forces to bear in state educa- 
tion are Peter Lilley. Christo- 
pher Chope, Michael Forsyth, 
Robert Jones and Ian Twin - 
all contributors to No Turning 
Back, a pamphlet- published 
last year. 

Mr Seldon's book repro- 
duces a DES paper listing the 
arguments against vouchers 
and rejecting them. Some of 
the arguments m favour of 
vouchers arc: 

• By giving parents a voucher 
equivalent to the cost of 
educating a child to be spent at 
the school of their choice one 
maximises parental choice be- 
tween schools 

• This makes schools ' ac- 
countable to parents because 
they might shut down without 
parental support so standards 

Some of the arguments 
against are: 

• Costs would increase by 
extending vouchers to private 
schools not now financed by 
the Government 

• Parental preferences might 
conflict with the needs of 
pupils or employer. 

With another view on edu- 
.foe Association of 
Chambers of Com- 

and adds that there was “polit- 
ical under-estimation of popu- 
lar support and its harvest of 

merce says the Government 
should look again urgently at 
replacing the student grants 
system with loans to students. 

Crowd loots Manila palace 

Continued from page 1 
the crowd, which minutes be- 
fore had very soulfully and 
beautifully sang the lord's 
Prayer in Tagalog, as small 
figures of the Madonna were 
brought to tbe gates, burst in 
with whoops and shouts. 

They gave the thumb-and- 
fo refinger “L" salute, indicat- 
ing laban. or struggle. There 
was a move yesterday to insist 
that in future the “L" sign 
should stand for love instead. 

Well into tbe early hours of 
this morning more and more 

Manila citizens crowded Into 
the palace grounds. 

Some came to loot and crow, 
but many just came to look and 
marvel at their own success in 
getting rid of Mr Marcos. 

Elsewhere in the dty too 
there was a carnival atmo- 
sphere. Small bands of drum- 
mers and singers played 
around the glow of bunung 
tyres, which tilled tbe air with 
a bitter smoke. Cars and the 
highly-painted jeepneys, a 
mixture of Jeep and jitney, 
sounded their horns to mimic 

the cry of “Co-ry, Co-ry". 

The crowd outside the liber- 
ated television stations was 
dense enough to prevent any 
attempt by pro-Marcos forces 
tb retake them. -They were 
supplied with bread and bis- 
cuits by volunteer caterers, 
and spent some of the day 
passing messages via televi- 
sion to their friends ami 
relatives, telling them they 
were all right An impromptu 
concert was . given % some 
television stars from the roof 
of the station 

not over 

Continued from page 1 
within the next three weeks. 
But the statement sakt**ft was 
understood that, % after dis- 
cussion with ah concerned, the 
ideas raised in our talk today 
bore fruit, we should need to 
consider what that meant for 
the work of the intergovern- 
mental Conference." 

That conference was set up 
under the terms of the No- 
vember agreement to provide 
regular meetings between 
United Kingdom and Irish 
represe n tatives on political 
matters, security. k$al affairs 
including the administration 
of justice, and the promotion 
of cross-border cooperation 

Mr Molyneaux raid yester- 
day that the one precondition 
for all-party talks on devolu- 
tion was that ir would not 
imply recognition -.for the 
agreement or the conference. 

He raid that foe “batik", 
had not been won by any 
means. There would be reflec- 
tion and consultation within 
tbe Unionist parties. “If it's 
decided we then proceed to 
explore these avenues which 
are now open to us, then there 
is foe very real prospect that 
we win do much to reverse the. 
agreement and hopefully get 
rid of it eventually." Mir 
Paisley said they would not be 
“socked into" the agreement 
and added:“If there’s fruit 
from this, then the Intergov- 
ernmental Conference is going 
to be radically sliced and 
changed." - ■: 

But Mr King pointed out 
that the terms of the agree- 
ment had all along provided' 
for devolution limiting the 
scope of the Intergovernmen- 
tal Conference. He saicL'“It is 
our ambition to extend that as 
widely as we can." 

Mr King saick“I hope that 
we have what I call the 
ingredients of getting a confer- 
ence on the road. Suddenly, 
there is the opportunity to 
look afresh at foe range of 
different possibilities and op- 
portunities. While foe Gov- 
ernment retains its 
commitment to the Anglo- 
Irish Agreement and the Inter- 
governmental Conference, it 
is expected that further meet- 
ings will either be stalled or 
confined to strictly security 

Photograph, page 40 

Labour to 
decide on 


A big demonstration by foe 
hud fan will be staged outside 
Labour's national header, 
ters today as foe party's rutin# 
national executive committee 
decides whether to go ahead 
with a purge of member* oP* 
[ Militant - Tendency in ifrer. 
pooL • 

About 1,000 people, many 
of them Militant supporters 
from Liverpool, -arc expected 
to arrive in Londouifi proles 
over a Labour Party isofey 
recommendation that atieast 

10 members of the city party 
inducting Mr. Derek Haaon 
deputy leader of. Liverpool, 
cotmof, should face disriptiu. 
aiyaction. : - 

Mr Neil Kinnock, the La- 
bdm leader, looks certain to . 
obtain a majority on the NBC 
in foyoor of allowing MrLairy 
Whitiy, the party 3 * general 
secretary, to draw up charges* 
against the IQ. -J .. 9 

Bur it was unclear last night 
whether die NEC would go 
further mid support foe pro- 
posal by four of the eight: 
member inquiry team and 
take action against a further 
sax members of the Liverpool 

Whateverthe final number, 
they are fikriy be Charged with 
og memb ers rof MHhaat 
and/or breaching Labour Par- 
ty rules, . 

They -win be invited io 
appear before a special, NBC 
meeting next month to defend 
themselves against the 
charges. If found guilty, most 

Mr* Eric Heffer anJ^Mr 
Tony Benia, two veteran left* 
wingers, will argue strongly* 
against any disciplinary ac- 

The report by the. inquiry 
team concluded that the 
breach and abuse of the rules 
of foe party, had severely 
damaged its reputation. 

• Officials of. Liverpool’s 
VauxbaO ward Labour Party, 
who provided evidence 
against Militant is. the NBC 
inquiry, claimed yesterday 
they had been "virtually 
suspended" because of then 
continuing campaign against 
the organization. : 

They are in dispute with 
their local constituency party 
for refusing to accept as a 
member a. man ilrey baWjj 
branded as a Militant support- 
er and whose expulsion they 
have demanded. 

The man appealed to the 
constituency who ordered 
VaAhafl ward to accept fern 
and admit him to meetings. 
They have persrstantly refused 
to do so and have now been 
told that decisions at any of 
-their ward meetings will not 
be recognized until they 
change their minds. 

Mr John Livingstone, 
Vauxhall branch secretary* 
has written to Labour's na- 
tional agent, Mr David 
Hughes, asking him to rote in 
the affitir. They daim the 
actions of the constituency are- 
unconstitutional and amount- 
ed to virtual suspension. ^ 
However Mr John Bow- 
man, secretary of Riverside 
CLP. denied that foe branch 
has been suspended. He said 
the man involved, who ap- 
plied for readmittance after 
his membership had lapsed, 
had been a Militant supporter 
but was now opposed to the 
organization - 

Maxwell in talks 
after Rifkind plea 

By Michael Horsnell and Ronnie Faux 

Talks aimed at a last ditch 
attempt to save the jobs of 
more than 700 print workers 
and journalists dismissed at 
the suspended Scottish Daily 
Record began in London last 

Mr Robert Maxwell pub- 
lisher of Minor Group News- 
papers which owns foe paper, 
met representatives of foe 
print union Sogat’82 and the 
National Union of Journalists 
after Mr Malcolm Rifkind. 

Secretary of Stale for Scot- 
land. stepped into the dispute. 

The Daily Record , 

Scotland's biggest selling 
newspaper, was not expected 
to appear this morning lor foe 
third consecutive day even 
though its staff at Anderston 
Quay in Glasgow worked 

Mr Maxwell insists that foe 
500 printers and 220 journal- 
ists on the paper and the 
Sunday Mail have dismissed 
themselves by refusing to 
publish an Irish edition of die- 
Daily Mirror on tire Glasgow 

Mr Rifkind, in a statement 
issued from the Scottish Office 
in London, said it was a 
matter of great concern that 
such an outstandingly success- 
ful Scottish product should be 

The Scouish Office denied w _ 

that Mr Rifkintfs appeal her- • to Mr Jolin Kendrick, a sports 
aided intervention by foe reporter with The Sun. 
Government in the dispute. 

Mr John Smith, Shadow 
trade and industry spokes- 
man. also called on Mr Max- 
well to resume talks. 

Telephones and beating at 
Anderston Quay were cut off 
yesterday and Insurance on 
company cars was cancelled' 

by the Daily Record manage- 

Officers of foe National 
Union of Journalists sought 
counsel’s opinion on whether 
Mr Maxwell had acted illegal- 
ly. His action was strongly 
condemned in a leading article 
in the Glasgow Herald yester- 
day entitled “Shabby 
conduct". The leader said Mr 
Maxwell’s conduct was “deep- 
ly offensive to Scottish 

Mr Eddy Shah, chairman 
and chief executive of News 
(UK) which is to launch a new 
national daily newspaper. To- 
day, next Tuesday, gave his 
full support to Mr Rupert 
Murdoch and the News Inter- 
national move to Wapping at 
the annual convention of the 
Institute of Directors at the 
Albert Hall London, yester- 

• A compositor and printer 
elected trial when they ap- 
peared on remand before 
Thames magistrates yesterday 
on charges related to picketing 
at the News International 
plant at Wapping, east Lon- 

Michael Docherty, aged 40, 
a compositor, of Forest HiQ 
Road, east Dulwich, was com- 
mitted on bail to Southwark 
Crown Court charged with 
causing previous bodily harm 

Peter Lake, aged 43, 
printer, of SingleweU Road. 
Gravesend, Kent, was re- 
manded on bail until March 
25 charged with causing actual 
bodily harm to Peter Stephen- 
son and stealing a key betong- 

iog to 


News Fast 

Rate rebate hinted at dump 

By Hugh Clayton 

Rate rebates might be 
awarded to people Irving close 
to the place eventually chosen 
for dumping nuclear waste, 
Mr John Baker, chairman of 
the Nuclear Industry Radioac- 
tive Waste Executive (Nirex), 
said yesterday. He added that 
the Government had also 
agreed to consider allowing 
the local council for foe cho- 
sen area to keep foe rates that 
would be due on the dump, 
instead of sharing them with 
other councils under foe usual 
equalization scheme. 

The anouncement of the 
sites was greeted with anger in 
foe areas chosen and discreet 
relief in those left off foe 
Government's list, after 
months of uncertainty. The 
latter included Harwell and 
Arncott in Oxfordshire. 

There was little surprise that 
Elstow and South 
Kfilingholme had been picked 
as possible sites but Mr Andy 
Tinsley, a member of Friends 
of the Earth near Brad wdl, 
said that anti-nuclear cam- 
paigners there had had no 
miffing until last Friday that 
foe site was to be chosen. 

Mrs pat Hewis, a campaign- 
er with Friends of the Earth 
near Fulbeck, said that foe 
announcement had been a 
surprise. “Local people will be 
very hostile about tluVsbe 
said. The village was small 
and scenic and close to part of 
the new Belvoir coalfield, “it 
would be madness to bury 
nuclear waste so dose,” die 

Anti-nuclear groups were 
foe first to react to foe. 
announcement but local coun- 
cils and amenity societies were 
planning protesuneetings. Mr 
Winston Woods,' chairman of 
Humberside Against Nuclear 
Dumping, said that roads in 

mem and “at least 90 percent 
of the population". Mr An- 
drew Blowers, a Labour mem- 
ber of the county council 
criticized government 

“arrogance" while Mrs. Janice 
Lennon of foe Alliance group 
said: “The fight goes qn.” 

Mr Nicholas LyeU, Cohser-A 
vafive MP for Mid-Bedford- 
shire, said be would-contuute 
to oppose foe choice of 
Elstow. “The key point is the 
safety of my constituents." 

• The sites were described by 
the chairman ofNirexas “foas 
'that may be suitable for 
storage of low level ami some 
intermediate-level radi oactive 
wastes", Pearce Wright writes. 

Building was expected ip 
start between 1991 and 1992. 

the area were too busy for the 
transport of radioactive mate- 
rial to a dump at South 
Kfllinghoftneto be safe. 

He said that a train which 
included petrol tankers had 
recently been derailed near the 
rite, which has been thought 
for more than a year to be on 
the Government's list. 

DrGerry Fitch; chairman of for development or that none 
Bedford Against Nuclear is." 

of a .concrete-fined banker 
beneath the ground. 

Mr Baker said there was no . 
front-runner among the sites m 
The four had emerged fro® 
several hundred studied on 
paper, looking at what was 
known about the gedogyand 
at factors such as safety* 
accessibility and population- , 

A choke of two inlaod-and 
two coastal sites gave a good 
range of choke, in bis view. . 

HO. sakfc “The next phase s 
to cany out site investigation 
in derail and that 
sinking boreholes to 
soils and water flows. _ 
may show they are aU soilabfc 

Dumping, said that local op- 
position to the . choice of 
Elstow was strong. The group 
wanted .to join opponents tf 
nuclear dumping in all four 
areas to campaig p against the 
Government’s policy. 

Bedfordshire county coun- 
cil said it was appalled that 
Elstow was stiQ pa the' fist 
despite strong apparition 
from all levels oflocal govern- 

' A preliminary project report 
on each site was iSsuedyeattf* 
day by Nirex. 

.*v-' V. - I 

Ban? r 

*•'«' -n- inr 

w *■* ; 

nr»! m 

may raise 
retiring age 
of women 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
The Government may be meat ages for men and. 
forced to bnng in a flexible women. The beahh authority 

argues that the retirement age 
EfSnX « linked to the state pension 
rale S£^VSt“ < Sf peCt f d !o ***• OTd tbe directive permits 
f that comp^sorj member states of the EEC to 

S^ac^ EF f r ) 3 '2” Den al 60 msaK ***** own arrangements 
Dr 5S™®5® EC “ w - . . as to “pensionable age”. 

C ? U H But in his ruling Sir Gordon 
give hundreds of thousa n ds of said that while them could he 
women the right to work after SBfcS *TSSo£ 

lhat did not extend to retire* 
Helen Marshall, a retired Na- ment sec- 
tional Health Service employ- t- .. _ 

ee, who was forced to stop :.™ EEC directive Allowed 
working. discrimination as to the age at 

Miss Marshall now 68, a which pensions could be taken 
dietician for the Southampton bl J t ^ he »? ^ a woman can 
and South West Hampshire *1® a pension i earlier does not 
Area Health ■ AuthorihTwas that she cam be retired 

given permission to stay on ea X5 r H 130 a maxi I • . 
for two years but was then 9“ «coud key issue - 
dismissed, so she challenged one wth morc 

her employers under the Sex ,„ cot ^ s f duen “ s 

Discrimination Act, 1975. individual 

Her case was dismissed by “ he hdd that an individ- 
an industrial tribunal and the tS 0 ^ 85 M* 5 ®. Marshall 
Employment Appeal Tribo- could rely on the directive to 
nal, which held that the Act her a « ainsl * e 

did not apply to retirement 4 . . 

The case was referred by the before 

Court of Appeal to the Euro- ^ directive i on equal 

. p* .*5 «? ■ JgpPr 

:• • * • , ■ < 

that did not extend to retire- 
ment age. 

The EEC directive allowed 
discrimination as to the age at 
which pensions could be taken 
but “the fact that a woman can 
take a pension earlier does not 
involve that she can be retired 
earlier than a man”. 

On the second key issue — 
and the one with more far- 
reaching consequences for 
individual”* rights under EEC 
law — he held that an individ- 
ual such as Miss Marshall 
could rely on the directive to 
argue her case a gainst the 

Anyone for Petanqne? France’s national game started in England and yesterday Pint wine announced a three-year sponsorship of the sport 
Above, the England international Bob May (second from the right) watches tie soEn of the books at the Rnnf Gordon 

— pean Court 

treatment, as worded, was not 
directly applicable in such 

Miss Marshall won a pre- arrccuy . appucawe m sucn 
liminary ruling last Sept££ cas® so it could not be used to 
ber. The advocate genentiof gjmdette.provjMOM °f the 

link'd i 

*s«! K3P;|f 

iwj.; • ^ 

the European Court, Sir Goo 
don Slynn, held that her 
dismissal at 60, on the graunc 
only that she was a womar 
who had passed that age, was £ 
discrimination prohibited by 
an EEC directive on equa. 
treatment. The court nearly 
always follows the advocate- 

Sex Discrimination Act 
The case has the backing of 
the Equal Opportunities Com- 
mission. The commission 
wants a flexible retirement age 
giving the option of leaving 
work between, say, 60 and 65. 
But if the age has to be fixed, it 
says, it should be the same for 

neral “ men and women and be 

... . _ . „ , equalized at 63. If the Govem- 

Miss Marshall says she ment is forced to act, it may 
brought the case “because 1 well adopt the proposals of the 

think 1 was good enough to ab-party social services corn- 
work on at least until 65, the mittee recommending the op* 
s®™- a p 3? tion of retiring, for both sexes. 

age as men- tion of retiring, for both sexes. 

One key issue is whether the between 60 and 65 with a full 
equal treatement directive ap- pension payable at 63. The 
plies to the different retire- ■ cost is put at about £1 billion. 

Jury sees 
of child 

A jury was yesterday shown 
some bones of a child which 
were allegedly found in the 
laboratory of a dental lecturer 
accused of murdering his 
adopted daughter. 

Professor Alan Usher, head 
of pathology at Sheffield Uni- 
versity, told Leeds Crown 
Court that a few were badly 
corroded and shrivelled after 
being immersed in decalcify- 
ing fluid in a silver tray at the 
lecturer's laboratory al Leeds 

I Others were found in three 
plant pots at the home of 
Samson Perera, aged 43, in 
Stillwell Drive, Sandal Wake- 
field. He denies murdering 
Nilanthic, aged 13, whom he 
had brought to England from a 
village in Sri Lanka. 

Dr Perera’s wife. Dammika, I 
aged 37, a mathematics teach- 
er, denies impeding her 
husband's arrest. 

The trial was adjourned to 

Mrs Savage defends system 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

Mrs Wendy Savage yester- decision by the midwife to 
day defended her system of change the dates for the baby 

community care for expectant 
mothers as she gave evidence 
for the third successive day at 

led to the mother not being 
seen by Mrs Savage at a time 
when a further scan might well 

the inquiry into allegations of have shown growth retarda- 

in competence against her. 

Asked whether she gave too 
much responsibility to a mid- 
wife in a case where a 
woman's baby did not grow 
property in the womb and was 
subsequently stillborn, she 
said: 1 * I believe a good midwife 
is just as good as a good 
consultant in picking up 
growth retardation.*’ 

She emphasized (hat she 
selected which family doctors 
and which mid wives sbe gave 
more responsibility, depend- 
ing on lbeir training and skilL 
The death of the baby could 
have been avoided, she said. A 


But Mrs Savage said that 
“Despite the deficiencies in 
the system which occurred the 
diagnosis of growth retarda- 
tion was made in plenty of 
time for action to be taken." 

Mrs Savage herself was on 
holiday when the mother 
came into hospital near the 

shared between herself, the 
mother’s GP and the midwife 
caused the baby's death. The 
deficiencies in the system that 
the case had thrown up had 
since been corrected. 

“I accept that the arrange- 
ments we had made did not 
work as 1 expected them to do. 
1 am at fault because I did not 
outline every single possibility 
and I did not make sure that 
she had another scan. But 1 do 
not accept that this led to the 
death of this baby.” 

She did not acceplshe 

diet risk 

By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent 

The Food and Drink Feder- 
ation yesterday launched its 
counteroffensive against “vo- 
ciferous minorities" whom it 
accused of using misleading 
statistics to confuse consum- 
ers about dietary health risks. 

Sir Derrick Holden-Brown, 
its president and chairman of 
Allied Lyons, said at a Press 
briefing during the 
federation's annual confer- 
ence in London:“We have 
been very forcibly criticized 
by several commentators. Our 
industry is being made to look 
like the villain of the piece.” 

Sir Derrick rejected accusa- 
tions that the industry had 
tried to delay government 
reports. “Let me make it 
completely dear that we ac- 
cept the principles of the 
Government's COMA report 
on diet and cardiovascular 

The federation believed that 
the Government was follow- 
ing the right route in publish- 
‘ “ M ing draft regulations for the 

Satanists kill anyone who declaration of the fat content 
discloses their closest secrets, of food products and draft 
and the leaders of devil wor- guidelines for nutrition label- 
shipping sects also lead por- ling, 
nography and drug-pushing “We are every bit as com- 
mitted to the concept of a 
healthy balanced diet as our 

‘ • -•"Ct... 




nography and drug-pushing 
rings, the “Satan con man" 

trial was told yesterday. 

The Rev John Baker, rector critics could wish,” Sir Der- 
of Newick, East Sussex, told rick said-“I believe that the 
Maidstone Crown Court that problem at the present time 
they were “ruthless” people arises from inadequate public 

time of delivery but other staff said, "that my practice has 
appear to have failed to realize missed more growth retarded 

quickly enough that the baby's 
growth was retarded and it 
died in the womb. 

Mrs Savage said she did not 
accept that the fact the 
woman's care was being 

babies than anyone else's.” 

It was still not dear, sbe 
said, exactly when the baby 
first started not to grow . 

with “absolutely 

unspeakable” rituals. 

Mr Baker was continuing 
his evidence in the case in 
which Derry Main waring 
Knight, aged 46, of Dormans 
Land, Surrey, a record produc- 
er, has denied 19 charges of 

understanding of that concept, 
and inadequate implementa- 
tion of it. not with the variety 
of products being made by 

Remand in 

— . - .. . I Cl, 1103 UCUlOl 17 I.IUUEP U1 1 1 . 1 

ZmU was adjourned | obtaining £203,850 by decep- 1 SllOt DOy CaSC 

Guardian loses ‘racist 
article’ libel action 

ITV disputes BBC figures 

Hie independent television 
companies yesterday attempt- 
ed to rebuff BBC Hui™ that 
the corporation had taken the 
lead in television-viewing fig- 
ures. ■ . 

In a rare public Critirism of 
the BBCs interpretation of the 
viewing tigmes, «hkh have 
shown increasing 1 : audiences 

for the corporation, Mr Andy 
Allan, the controller of Central 
TV, speaking with the bless- 
ing of Fry's network control- 
lers committee, said that it was 
nonsense to fh™ that the 
latest audience figures showed 
the BBC was winning. 

New figures showed that 
im nightly audience was 

dP ufged to dro 
child care move 

By Philip Webster, 

Tbe Government appears to 
be rniem cm opposing a Con- 
servative MFs attempt to 
bring in a new law which 
would require a court's ap- 
proval before a child in the 
care of a local authority is 
returned to its parents. 

Tbe Department of Health 
and Social Security wants Mr 
Dennis Waiters, Conservative 
MP for Westbury, to drop the 
proposal from bis Children 
and Young Persons (Amend- 
ment A) Bill which has already 
received a second reading in 
the Commons and will go into 
committee soon. 

The Bill was initiated in the 
wake of public anxiety over 
the Jasmine Beekford case and 
other similar tragedies. 

.The Government is under- 
stood to be opposing the plan, 
which is central to Mr 
Walters's Bill because of its 
own proposals for the creation 
of a family court system, on 
which it wal be introducing a 
consultation paper at Easter, 
and on the grounds of addi- 
tional expense. 

Political Reporter 

Mr Walters is to see Lord 
Hailsham of 51 Marylebone, 
tbe Lord Chancellor, today to 
try to win his support for the 

Mr Walters believes that the 
situation is too urgent for the 
Bill to wait until the next 
Parliament, when legislation 
on family courts is expected. 

He said yesterday: “Al- 
though I am fuDy aware of tbe 
need to act responsively over 
public expenditure it would be 
most unwise for tbe Govern- 
ment to make the issue of cost 
fundamental to change, re- 
form, and progress when deal- 
ing with child protection.” 

Mr Roger Sims, Conserva- 
tive MP for ChisJehurst and 
another sponsor of the Bin, 
said it would be unwise to 
delay. “It seems to be com- 
mon sense that if the court 
makes the original care order ; 
requiring a child to be re- 
moved mom its home it is the j 
court which should have the ; 
final say on whether the child j 
should be returned” 

15 million higher than BBC1, 
he added. For the first six 
weeks of this year, ITV's 
average peaktime audience 
was 11.4 mfition against 
BBCl's 95 million, and the 
figures also showed that so far 
ITV had won at least five 
nights oat of every seven, Mr 
Allan said. 




By Bill Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

A revolutionary computer- 
controlled household burglar 
alarm was unveOed In London 

* A former Civil Service solic- tion two years ago a few days 
I itor, Mr Kiamran Halil was after tbe newspaper article 
awarded £61,266 libel dam- appeared, smiled when he 
ages against The Guardian beard the verdict, 
yesterday over an article The Guardian was ordered 
which, he claimed, falsely to pay the costs of tbe court 
alleged that be was a racist case, which lasted three weeks, 
who discriminated against estimated at between £70,000 
black members of staff.. and £100,000. 

A High Court jury, which The journalist who wrote 
included three black jurors, the article, Mrs Aileen Ballan- 
re turned a majority verdict tyne, aged 31, has worked for 
after nearly 10 hours. Mr The Guardian for seven years 
Halil aged 62, an assistant and has been twice coiumend- 
solicitor at the Department of ed in Press awards. 
Employment until his resigna- The Guardian is to appeal 

Road deaths 
‘fall to 
1954 level* 

Road accident deaths last 
year will be tbe lowest since 
1 954 if tbe trend of tbe first j 
nine months was continued. 

Department of Transport fig- 
ures released yesterday show 
that in the first nine months 
deaths were 10 per cent lower 
than 1984, 3,277 compared 
with 3,648. 

In 1984, there were 5,599 
road deaths, 3 per cent higher come wav 
than in 1983 but 19 percent S °^ eway - 
below 1974 . The mal 

Mr Knight claims be needed 
the money to buy satanic 
regalia to free him from the 
control of the devil but it is 
alleged he spent it on prosti- 
tutes and high living. 

Mr Baker was explaining 
why he had refused to say 
what were the vitally impor- 
tant satanic artefacts he had 
helped to raise money to buy. 
and which he called in court 
by the letters A, B. G 

He saidTThere is not the 
slightest doubt that anybody 
who gets in their way and who 
starts to drvulgs things at the 

top end of the organization 
will be shot or disposed of in 

The trial continues today. 

Police Constable Brian Ches- 
ter. aged 36. of Coventry, was 
remanded on bail for 14 days 
when he appeared before mag- 
istrates at Birmingham yes- 
terday charged with the 
unlawful killing of John 
Shorthouse, aged five. 

The boy died when police 
went to his home in King's 
Norton, Birmingham, to arrest 
his father. John Shorthouse 
senior, who was jailed last 
month for an armed robbery ' 

Huxley divorce 

Mr Francis Huxley, aged 62, 
the writer and anthropologist, 
was granted a decree nisi in 
the London divorce court 
yesterday on tbe ground that 
he and bis wife, Meloma, aged 
36, had not lived together for 
five years. 

If I had £2,500 
I would: 

If I had £7500 
I would: 

If I had £10.000 
I would: 

Bravery award to PCs 

One of tbe Royal Humane 
Society's principal bravery 
awards, the Bronze Medal has 
been awarded to two North 
Wales policemen for saving a 
girl intent on suicide after a 
lovers’ tiff 

They are Constables John 
Jones.' based at Rhos-on-Sea, 
and Cari Colegate, of Colwyn 

Testimonials on vellum 
were awarded to two other 
officers involved in the sea 
rescue early on September 29; 
Woman Police Constable Ju- 
lie Yale and Sergeant Michael 
Peers. Mr Timothy Hudson, 
aged 22, of Colwyn Bay. has 
been awarded a testimonial on 
parchment for his pan in the 

The electronic device incor- 
porates a computer in a control 
box which monitors sensors on : 
windows, doors and walls, 
using radio, waves. 

Battery-powered transmit- 
ters in the sensors send radio 
signals to the computer. Up to 
80 sensors can be fitted in a 
home and tbe range of tbe 
controller allows the house- 
holder to protect property, 
such as a garage, caravan or 
brat, immediately adjacent to 
the home. 

According to tbe designers: 
“The householder controls the 
whole system from a small 
portable touchpad, which can 
be operated from anywh er e 
within file house, so that, for 
example, the intruder sensors 
can be ‘armed’ at tbe bedside 
just before going to sleep.** 

The computer controller can 
be connected by telephone 
circuit to a 24-hoor communi- 
cations centre operated by the 

M MW lfal t W 

The alarm is made by 
Modem Alarms and has been 
approved by the Department 
of Trade and Industry to 
ensure that its radio frequen- 
cies do not cause interference. 

It would cost £800 to install 
tbe system, including 
s e nsorsjH a threedtaboomed 

□ Buy a new car 

□ Put an extension an 
the house 

□ Have a holiday flat at 
the seaside 

□ Own a speedboat 


C Bay a new car and 

O Pn* it towards a 
retirement cottage 

GHave a holiday flat 
in Spain 

□ Own a motor cruiser 





Fertile future for the bat 

By Hugh Gfayton, Environment Correspondent 


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accurate quartz 

A rich htmsepburt fataizer 
made from bat droppings^ is 
one of many weapons being 
used by naturalists to win a 
better reparation for bats. It 
sells at 50p for almost two 
ounces from a foot-deep board 
of droppings befog mined in an 
old building by tbe Cornwall 
Bat Group. 

Naturalists said at the start 
of National Bat Year yester- 
day human revulsion was 
not tbe only threat Co bat 
survival. As the supply uf 
suitable roosting places dwin- 
dled, the creatures faced fo- 
creasing competition from 
birds. Dr Robert Stebbmgs, a 
leading bat expert, said bats 
and small hedgerow birds were 
sometimes happy to nest in the 
same boxes. 

Bet be had seen buge bats 
pecked to death by starlings 
which M invaded their roost- 
ing places. Dr Sobbings, a 
snfe^jenrftitetaaBdl at the 

Fauna and Flora Preservation 
Society, said that bats, now 
frilly protected by fow„ were 
widely misunderstood. None 
of those found wild in Britain 
were vampire bats, and tbe 
Government had decided that 
bats flying to Britain from 
France could not intradace 

Fear of bats as rabies- 
carrfers increased five years 
•»gn when fords were blamed 
for carrying foot-and-mouth 
disease from France to a cattle 
form in the Isle of Wight. Dr 
Stebbings said there was no 
doubt that bats flew across tbe 
English Channel because they 
had bees spotted in radar 
checks of migrating birds. 

But they were all insect- 
eaters and would not infect 
people or pets. If a British wfld 
animal ate an infected bat 
from abroad it was highly 
unlikely to lake op tire rabies 
rims. That was because the - 

strain that could infect bats 
was different from those which 
. could be carried by animals 
such as foxes and dogs. 

A bat conference and spon- 
sorship of nesting boxes at £8 
each is bring arranged to help 
tosare Britain's dwindling 
population. Naturalists are 
convinced that millions are 

The commonest is the pipi»- 
treDe or flfrtexmoose which 
flies across lawns in summer 
and accounts for more than 
three-qaarters of the national 
population. Bat there are 14 
other native wild species of 
which tbe rarest is die mouse- 
eared bat 

Dr Stebbings said that bat 
manure made some of the 
richest natural fertilizer which 
was well up to the nutrient 
standards of carefofly-formo- 
fated garden fertilizers tom 
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Radioactive waste 

Cold weather 

Leyland row 

Exploration to 
find sites for 
nuclear dump 


Parliament is to be to 
approve a draft special develop- 
ment order giving the Nuclear 
Industry Radioactive Waste 
Executive (Nircx) planning per- 
mission to cany out detailed 
geological investigations at four 
possible sites for the disposal of 
radioactive waste, Mr Kenneth 
Baker, Secretary of State for 
Environment, said in a Com- 
mons statement 

The sites, are at Elstow in 
Bedfordshire, Fulbeck in 
Lincolnshire, Brad well in Essex, 

and South Killingbolrae > n 
South Humberside- These sites 
are to be evaluated fora possible 
near-surface facility for shorter- 
lived radioactive wastes. The 
minister emphasized that at this 
stage Nircx would only carry out 
exploratory geological investiga- 
tions at these sites in sufficient 
detail to see whether they might 
be suitable. 

No proposal is currently being 
put forward (he said) actually to 
develop any of these sites. 
Indeed if none of the sites is 
confirmed as suitable, none will 
be developed. This exploratory 
work will require planning per- 
mission. This will be sought 
from Parliament by way of a 
special development order 
which the Department of the 
Environment is issuing in draft 
for consultation with the local 
authorities and water authori- 
ties concerned. 

We shall also consider com- 
ments from any others with an 
interest We are not required by 
statute to consult but on an 
issue of this importance and 
level of concern it is right to do 
so. I hope to lay the actual order 
before the House in April and 
there will be an opportunity for 

Mr Baker explained that the 
types of work which the order 
would permit would be strictly 
limited. The order would cover 
the lest drilling and soil sam- 
pling that Nircx would need to 
evaluate the geology and hydro- 
geology. It woum! also control 
operational matters, such as 
hours of working, and require 
that Nirex made good the sites 
once they had finished work 
upon them. 

He said he understood that 
the investigation of the four sites 
could take between 12 and 18 
months. If any of the sites 
proved to be suitable, Nirex 
would at that time be in a 
position to decide what pro- 
posals they wanted to make the 
subject of a planning applica- 

He would call in any such 
application for bis own 

determination. It would be 
considered at a public inquiry 
under an independent inspector 
at which interested parties 
would have the opportunity to 
make their views known. Nirex 
would also have to prepare a 
detailed assessment of the likely 
environmental impact of their 
proposals for the inquiry. He 
hoped the inquiry could begin in 


If planning permission was 
given, the facility would still 
need a licence from the Nuclear 
Installations Inspectorate. 
Furthermore, waste disposal 
would require authorisation by 
the DoE and by the Ministry of 
Agriculture, Fisheries and 

He went on: I fan inland site is 
selected it may be necessary to 
establish a small separate 
coastal site for disposing of the 
reactor compartments of de- 
commissioned nuclear powered 
submarines. These items will be 
best transported by sea and 
disposed of to a coastal she. 

To meet this contingency, the 
Secretary of State for Defence 
(Mr George Younger) intends to 
authorise exploratory work on 
MoD land subject to norma] 
planning procedures. (Shouts of 

He recalled that bis prede- 
cessor had last year also asked 
Nirex to start the search for at 
least three alternative sites for a 
deep facility for longer-lived 
wastes. In addition, the nuclear 
industry was asked, in consulta- 
tion with the Radiochemical 
Inspectorate and the Nuclear 
Installations Inspectorate, to 
seek ways of improving the 
conditions of intermediate-level 
wastes for disposal. 

In seeking riles for a deep 
facility, Nirex would take full 
account of research into meth- 
ods of containing the radioactiv- 
ity in the wastes. They would in 
particular be examining the 
feasibility of deep mined cav- 
ities for these wastes, possibly 
under the sea bed. Work on 
conditioning continued. He 
would keep the House informed 
on further progress. 

I am well aware (he added) 
that people are anxious about 
the safety of the disposal of any 
sort of radioactive waste arising 
from the nuclear industry. 
These anxieties are, I believe, 
out of all proportion to the 
nature of the problems posed by 
disposal, and we and the nuclear 
industry must redouble our 
efforts to see that die general 
public are much better informed 
about the whole question. 

We have a duty to ensure the 
safe disposal of radioactive 
wastes that already exist and 
which will arise in the future. 
The proposals announced by 

Baker Fob* sites are 
being investigated 
Nirex are a necessary step to 
discharging that responsibility. 

Dr John Cnsningfoun, chief 
Opposition spokesman on the 
environment, questioning Mr 
Baker on his statement, said 
radioactive waste should be 
accessible and open to control at 

all times to allow present 
management policies to be re- 
versed if necessary at some 
future date. The departmer 
best practical environmental op- 
tions study showed that 
reversibility of policy could be 
included in the strategy at little 
extra cost- 

Why had the statement been 
made at this time when the 
department's study had not 
been published? Would it not 
have made more sense for the 
House and those areas affected 
to have had that information 
before the statement? The 
House’s own select committee 
report was going to have some 
very strong things to say about 
this and other aspects of nuclear 

While the technical problems 
of dealing with low level radio- 
active waste might be easily 
manageable, the social, eco- 
nomic and politiciai factors 
were dol Simple exhortations to 
the industry to produce a better 
performance might not be 

What was the location of the 
exploratory work io be done on 
Ministry of Defence land? 

We welcome (he said) the 
commitment to further re- 
search. but does this not under- 
line the foolishness of the 
Government's decision shortly 
after taking office to abandon 
the existing research pro- 
gramme, especially into the 
provision of potential deep 
mined facilities? 

Mr Baker: On the best pos- 
sible environmental option this 
study is important and complex 
and breaks new ground. It has 
now been completed. I hope to 
publish it within the next two or 
three weeks. It indicates there 
are a variety of safe routes. 

Sir Bernard Braine (Castle 
Point C) said people in Essex, 
formerly the major dumping 
ground for toxic waste from 
outride the county, would not 
tolerate a site of the kind 
planned for Brad well. 

Mr Boken There is concern in 
any locality mentioned and 
unnecessary concern in some : 
locations not mentioned. ■ i 

PM hints at more 
flexibility for 
buy-out deadline 


The Prime Minister indicated 
during question time in the 
Commons that there was a 
certain flexibility about the 
March 4 deadline for bids for 
the constituent parts of British 
Leyland. All that was required 
by that date, she said, was an 
indication of serious tads and 
their approximate amount 

All bids would be considered 
by the company and by the 
Government She did not think 
the initial deadline of March 4 
could be moved but bids would 
not have to be fully worked out 
by chat stage. 

Mrs Thatcher was replying to 
Mr Robert Atkins (South 
Ribbtc, C) who pointed out that 
the directors of Leyland Bus 
were trying to lead a manage- 
ment buy-out consortium. They 
were attempting to do what the 
Conservative Party believed in, 
namely to encourage those 
working for the company to 
participate financially in their 
futures. The March 4 deadline 
should be made mans flexible, 
he said 

Mr David SteeL Leader of the 
Libera] Party, asked: What pre- 
cise steps is the Government 
taking, before dosing the bid- 

Steel: Whqjt! 
get workers’ 

ding for Land Rover, to get the 
views of employees and 
management and take them into 

Mrs Thatcher. By March 4 we 
need an indication, and approxi- 
mately the amount, of those 
seriously thinking of bidding for 
Land Rover and for trades. Mr 
Peter Morrison, Minister of 
Slate for Trade and Industry, 
has seen some of the muons, but 
it is mainly for the company to 
see the unions concerned. It is 
for the company to get the best 
arrangement it can for the future 
employment of the workers and 

for ftiture capital and generally 
for the future prosperity of the 
company as a whote. 

Mr Neil Kionock. Leader of 
the Opposition: The question 
being asked by thousands of BL 
workers mid by millions of 
others outside the company is 
will she now use the power we 
know she has to keep BL and its 
constituent parts British? 

Mrs Thatcher: If he feels 
strongly, and I know be does* 
perhaps he will influence some 
of the unions which have very 
considerable funds to put in a 
bid for the track and bus 

Mr Kisnock: After British 

up the technotogicaJ 
base and the advance of that 
whole corporation, why is she so 
bed bent on selling off to anyone 
at any price? Does she not care 
enough about British industry to 
ensure it stays in the ownership 
of this country? 

Mis Thatcher: Because 1 be- 
lieve that one of the functions of 
British industry is to contribute 
to the social services and not 
compete with them for re- 

Mr Anthony Bcunoot-Dirt 
(Birmingham, Selly Oak, Cjn 
Many of us share her deep 
admiration for the Ford Motor 
Company of America. But while 
Fords are extending their spares 
division in this country because 
they believe it is an' important 
pan of their profit base, is it not 
unwise for us to be selling 
Unipart separately so shearing 
Austin Rover and Land Rover 
of an important pan of their 
profit base? 

Should we not be even- 
handed and take Ford's advice 
and keep a spare pan di virion as 
the jewel in the crown? 

Mrs Thatcher 1 do not think 
that was quite the advice he was 
tendering when there was a 
possibility of exploring things 
with Ford. 1 am not sure if he 
has had a sudden conversion. 
We are anxious to see as much 
privatisation as possible. There 
are requests for bids for Unipan 
and we must consider them 

Mr Dale Campbell-Sx rears 
(Workington, Lab): Can I have 
an assurance that no bid from 
Lairds for Leyland Bus based on 
stripping out the assets of 
Leyland Bus's three plants in the 
United Kingdom with a view to 
securing the future of Lairds 
under MCW operations in Bir- 
mingham who are bus produo 
era will be acceptable to this 

Mrs Thatcher: The Govern- 
ment has made it dear it will 
consider all serious bids with a 
view to giving the companies 
concerned, induding the bus 
company, the best possible fu- 
ture. That is our objective. 

Freedom to pray or shop 


Neither the Government nor 
the Church would consider ei- 
ther had the right to compel 
people to go to church, so who 
had a right to say people should 
not go shopping. Lord 
Glenartbnr, Under Secretary of 
State. Home Office, said in the 
House of Lords when the Shops 
Bill was read the third time and 

The Government did not 
wish Sunday to become like any 
other day. Many people might 
like to have a marker in the 
rhythm of life, but who was to 
determine how, or even if, 
people should observe it? 

Those who wished to retain 
Sunday as a special day would 
do so. but it would not be right 
for the minority to force their 
views on the majority. 

The Bill did not compel shops 
to open oa Sunday or shoppers 
to shop: it was a Bill for the 
freedom of choice. 

Because the Government 
wished the fullest possible de- 
bate in the House of Commons 
there had been no attempt to 
alter the amendment passed 
during the committee stage, 
retaining all the protections for 
shop workers of the 1950 Shops 

Lord Mnbcon (Lab) said 
there were three things wrong 
with the BilL Ii was unnecessary 
because (here had been no call 
from anyone for iu the timing 
was lamentable, coming when 
there was so much concern at 
tiie decline of the traditional 
Sunday, and it had been a grave 
political mistake for the Gov- 
ernment to subject it to a three 
line whip. 

it was a sony Bill and one the 
Government would regret. It 
had divided the nation on a 
matter that was unnecessary. 

Lord Boyd -Carpenter (Q said 
the fan the Government had 
brought it forward was evidence 
of the radicalism and courage of 
the present Government. It 

It was possible to be a 
practising Anglican and yet to 
fed it was wrong to make 
Sunday shopping a criminal 

Lady Seear (L) said no one 
had said there should be no 
trading on Sunday. Everyone 
was agreed there should be 
changes and reorganization. 

The Bishop of Rochester, the 
Rt Rev David Say, said that 
through contact with their con- 
gregations the bishops believed 
there was widespread unhappi- 
ness about the Bill in all ports of 
the land and that had little to do 
with tiie possible effect on 
church attendances. 

Lord Denning, former Master 
of the Rolls, said opponents of 
the Bill had been scorned and 
ridiculed rather than being met 
with reasoned argument Many 
MPs would be risking their seals 
if (hey did away wiih the 
traditional Sunday because feel- 
ing against the Bill was so 

Useful talks on Ulster 

Mrs Thatcher described her 
talks with Ulster Unionist 
leaders at Downing Street this 
morning as very useful and 
said she hoped to meet them 
again shortly, after seeing 
leaders of the other parties in 
Northern Ireland. 

Mr Ian Gow (Eastbourne, O, 
who resigned as a minister over 
the Anglo-Irish agreement, had 
said that the statement issued 
from the Prime Minister's 
office that morning, saying that 
she would welcome the 
establishment of new 
arrangements to take into 
account the views of Unionists 
in Northern Ireland, would be 
widely welcomed on the 
Conservative benches. 

There is now (he said) no 
justification whatever for any 
strike action which has been 
called in Northern Ireland on 
Monday. Will she join with 
those on this side who believe 
that only constitutional and 
lawful action in Northern 
Ireland is compatible with 
democracy in the House of 

Mrs Thatcher replied: We had 
a very useful meeting this 
morning with the leaden of the 
Official Unionist Party and the 
Democratic Unionist Party (Mr 
James Molyneaux and the Rev 
Ian Paisley) which included an 
offer to consider new 
arrangements for enabling 
Unionists to make their views 
known to the Government on 
affairs in Northern Ireland. 
There were certain other 
matters we also agreed to 

I agree there is no possible 
reason for a strike on Monday 
or at any other time and I hope 
that the considerations which 
we raised this morning will be 
gone into very deeply by the 

Parliament today 

Commons (230): Debate on 
the RAF. 

Lords (2.30 y. Debates on seri- 
ous crime in London and the 
relationship between Govern- 
ment and Parliament and the 
Civil Service. 

Government attacked over 
cold weather payments 

; n 


The present operation of the 
system for making social se- 
curity payments in respect of 
severe weather was condemned 
as chaotic and arbitrary farce 
during lengthy and often loud 
exchanges during questions in 
the Commons. 

Mr 'Anthony Newton, Min- 
ister for Social Security, had said 
that decisions on whether a 
period of weather had been 
exceptionally severe ware made 
by adjudication officers in tbe 
light of guidance from their 
Chief Adjudication Officer. 
Well over 200 local offices had 
now decided tire weather in their 
area did qualify for these extra 

Mr Peter Hardy (Wentworth, 
Lab) said ministers did not seem 
fully aware that this winter had 
been harsh and temperatures 
unduly severe. The suffering of 
many old people made tbe 
provisions appear deplorably 

Mr Newton said the Govern- 
ment had shown consistently 
over s» years... (Labour laugh- 
ter) —their awareness of the 
problems of elderly pensioners 
on supplementary benefit dur- 
ing winter time. That was why 
they had increased payments to 
help with beating costs. 

Mr David Winmck (Walsall 
North. Lab) said welfare agen- 
cies estimated that about one 
million pensioners were now at 
risk from hypothermia. Should 
not the extra payments for 
beating be made automatically 
to all on supplementary benefit 
and given to pensioners as well 
as people who. though on small 

Mr Michael Hirst 
(Strathkelvin and Bearaden. C) 
said freezing point was as bad in 
west in tbe south of 
England- Scots found it difficult 
to see why the beating payments 
did not apply u> all parts of the 
country on an equal baas. 

Mr Newton said be was 
conscious of tire concern* but he 

that it was a matter I for^tocal 
adjudication officers. He under- 
stood that the regional adjudica- 
tion officer for Scotland as a 
whole was considering further 
advice on the matter. He would 
see the officer’s attention was 
drawn to the renewed concern. 

Mr Gordon Wilson (Dundee 
East, SNP) said this February 
had been the coldest since 1947. 
In Scotland last Friday, the 
temperature was one degree 
lower than it was in Moscow. 

Mr Newton said be had the 
report which had appeared in 
The Scotsman newspaper. No 
doubt the adjudication officer 
for Scotland rad seen it as wriL 

Mr David Heathcoat-Amory 
(Wells, Q said it was better to 
insulate tbe homes of elderly 
people; rather than spend 
money on additional heating, 
which could be lost through the 

humanity for the immense mis- 
ery that people are suffering 
because they do not have 
enough money adequately to 
heat their homes? 

Mr Newton said tbe best and 
most effective way consistently 
to help was by regular extra 
weekly payments for heating. 
The Government had greatly 
extended the scope of these. 
They were now worth. £140 
million more in real terms than 
they were under the last Labour 

Mr Robert McCrindle (Brent- 
wood and Ongar, O said the 
problem about severe weather 
payments was that they had to 
be made after the event and 
there was no certainty they 
would be paid even then. Would 
the Government look at ways of 
encouraging elderfy people to be 
prepared to beat their homes 
because at present they could 
not know whether they would 
fall within the appropriate 
DHSS office definition. 

Mr Newton said the best 
assurance was - that of regular 

roof or draughty windows. 
Would Mr Newton discuss this 
with the Secretary of State for 
Energy (Mr Peter Walker)? 

Mr Newton said he had dis- 
cussed the matter with Mr 
Walker last Friday. 

Mr Frank Field (Birken- 
head. Lab) said one of his 
constituents was now so cold at 
night that her doctor had to give 
her si ‘ 

sioner cou _ 

bar fire, although be was mor- 
tally ilL When would the 
Government's actions match 
the urgency so many pensioners 

Mr Newton said those 
particular problems probably 
required the attention of tbe 
local social security office, social 
services and health authority. 

Mr Michael Mucker, chief 
Opposition spokesman on so- 
cial services, said the excep- 
tional weather payments system 

was a chaotic and arbitrary 

Mr George Foolkes fCamdc. 
Cumnock and Doon Valley. 
Lab): In the last two weeks 
temperatures in Ayrshire every 
day except one have been lower 
than the average for February- 
Last Friday and Sunday nights - 
they were lower than the lowest 
previously recorded tem- 
perature ever in Ayrshire. 

What other evidence does the 
adjudication officer need before 
he gives this extreme weather 
payment and before more peo- 
ple die of hypothermia in 1986? 

Mr Newton: I will make sure 
that the question he is asking, 
which is properly directed to the 
adjudication officers, is drawn 
to their attention. 

Mr Matcher: When will the 
Government acknowledge that 
the exceptionally severe weather 

payment system is a chaotic and 

arbitrary farce as it is now 

In virtually every area of the 
country it is now 4.5-5 degrees 
lower than the average for 
February and that has not been ' 
the case over the last 40 years 
since the bitter winter of 1947. 
Will he therefore now as a 
matter of urgency send out a 
circular today to all DHSS 
officers to ensure that all tbe 
more elderly and disabled on 
supplementary benefit get an 
immediate extra cash grant of at 
least £5 a week for heating while 
this severe cold spell lasts?. 

Mr Newton: He is at least 
acknowledging that the most 
effective way to help people is 
by regular weekly extra pay- 
ments. Every supplementary 
pensioner householder over 85 
is receiving now £5.45 each 
week and every week on top of 
the amount included in the 
weekly scale rates. The same is 
true of every long- term sack and 
disabled person on long-term 
rate of supplementary benefit. < 

Mr Charles Kennedy (Rossi 
Cromarty and Skye, SDPk Does 
he not fed pretty embarrassed 
that the situation last year be 
described as being weird and 
wonderful has this year been 
replaced by a system which is 
quite dearfy even worse? 

Is it not scandalous that 
people in the Highlands and 
Islands of Scotland - the most 
northerly port of these islands - 

of Scotland? 

Cannot the minister do some- 
thing more constructive than 
simply passing it off to the 
adjudication officer? 

Mr Newton: My references to 
the adjudication officer are sim- 
ply a . statement of the 

position. I will draw his remarks ^ 
to the attention of those con- * 
cemed r 

•Later, Mr Meacber 
unsuccessfully sought an emer- 
gency debate about the system 

Spending on beating payments 
had increased dramatically from 
£90 million in 1978-79, the 
socialist winter of discontent, to 
£400 million this year, an 
increase of £140 million in real 
terms, Mrs Thatcher, the Prime 
Minister, told tbe Commons 
when she was questioned about 
tbe impact on the elderly and 
others of the severe wintry 

Mr WflKiua Hamilton (Cen- 
tral Fife, Lab) told the Prime 
Minister that thousands of 
pensioners in Fife were freezing 
to death. How could he explain 
to them that they had to accept a 
pension increase that would not 
buy two pints of milk while at 
the same time she had agreed to 
pay rises of 40 per cent for top 
civil servants, judges and oth- 
ers? Was this caring capitalism 
or political thuggery? 

Mrs Thatcher said she was 
prepared to defend the 
Government's record of help 
over ‘ for pensioners with 
that » ay previous Govern- 
ment including the last Labour “ 

says payments up 

Government. Pensions in- 
creases bad been announced the 
previous day. 

Earlier, Mrs Ana Owyd 
(Cynon Valley. Lab) contended 
that severe weather payments 
should be available throughout 
Britain. Tbe system should be 
improved before some old peo- 
ple froze to death. Did Mrs 
Thatcher not care how many 
people had to die before action 
was taken? 

Mrs Thatcher replied that the 
basis of social weather payments 
was changed to that recom- 
mended to give discretion. Cold 
weather payments were a small 
proportion of the total amount 
which went to helping pension- 
ers and others. 

Mr Alec Woodall 
(Hemswortb, Lab) commented 
that if the Prime Minister would 
not consider making extra beat- 
ing allowances available for 
elderly people during the excep- 

eiderty ; 

ly cold weather, she 
should consider calling on Mr 
Denis Howell (who as Minister 
of State for Environment was 

responsible for droughts and 
other weather conditions when 
Labour were in office) to see if 
be could conjure up some warm 

Mrs Thatcher said that in 
addition to the £400 million 
available for heating, there were 
severe weather payments avail- 
able; not on the objective test 
which last year MPs did not like, 
but on a discretionary test 
brought in on the advice of tbe 
appropriate advisory body to try 
and meet the protests mate last 

^ * 



Although the situation in the 
Philippines was not yet dear, 
the Prime Minister said during 
Commons question time that 
she understood Mr George 
Shultz, the American Secretary 
of State, had recognized Mrs 
Corazon Aquino as the new 
president and she was sure 
Britain wished her well. 

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Masonic hospital contests 
£1.5m claim over nurses 

By Nicholas Timmin&JSodal Services Correspondent 
The Royal Masonic Hospital 
in legal difficulties over the 
dispute in Freemasonry about 
its possible sale, is to face a 
£1.5 million law suit over its 
school of nursing. 

Up to 100 nurses face 
redundancy if the hospital 
refuses to pay . The 250-bed 
hospital, the largest indepen- 
dent hospital, runs the only 
school of nursing in the pri- 
vate sector with the Rich- 
mond Twickenham and 
Rochampton Health Author- 

Thc'220 student nurses are 
taught at the Royal Masonic 
and at Queen Mary's Hospi- 
tal. Roehampton. But the 
English National Board, 
which approves schools of 
nursing, has ruled that the 
experience the students are 
gelling at the Royal Masonic 
is not sufficiently varied. It is 
expected to decide next month 
that the school must close. 

Mrs Helen Earle, chairman 
of Richmond. Twickenham 
and Roehampton Health Au- 
thority. says the Masonic hos- 
pital has threatened to refuse 
to pay its half of the cost of 
running the school - about 
£800,000 a year - from the 

date of closure, likely to be 

“We have a written agree- 
ment with the Royal Masonic 
that both sides will give three 
years notice before pulling our 
of the joint school” Mrs Earle 
said. “If the Masons will not 
meet their obligations we will 
have to issue a writ for the 

“ Without the £800.000 a 
year, and the use of the actual 
school buildings at the Royal 
Masonic and the student ac- 
commodation there we would 
have no choice but to make 
about half the nurses redun- 
dant in the middle of their 

“Thai would be grossly 
unfair. The Masons have a 
moral duty to the nurses as 
well as a legal one". The health 
authority is expecting to issue 
a writ today seeking guaran- 
tees of the £1.5 million. 

Mrs Earle said the English 
National Board's report made 
it plain that the board was 
happy with the NHS training 
at Roehampton and while the 
school would have to be 
formally closed down she 
expected it to continue in a 
reconstituted form at Queen 

Police chief wins case 

By a Staff Reporter 
The Chief Constable of 
Gloucestershire, Mr Leonard 
Soper, won substantial libel 
damages in the High Court 
yesterday from Prtvaie Eye 
over allegations that he wasa 
Freemason and conspired 
.with other Freemasons to 
i pervert the course of justice. 

The magazine claimed in 
March 1984, when reporting 
an inquest into the death of a 
young motor cyclist who died 
after a collision with a police 
officer, that the Chief Consta- 
ble. together with the coroner 
and the investigating officer, 
shared an unexpected bond as 
members of the Freemasons. 

Mary's, with links with other 
hospita!s.or colleges. 

Mr lan Lashbrook, chief 
executive officer of the Royal 
Masonic, said there were legal 
difficulties over continuing to 
pay the money. “From the 
point of view of caring for our 
students we would obviously 
wish to continue. But we pay 
half the salaries of the learners 
who are on our wards and if 
we no longer have them on the 
wards the courts may say that 
as a charity we cannot pay out 
money for something that is 
not of benefit to the charity.” 

Mrs Earle said there was 
nothing in the agreement 
which said the students had to 
do their learning on the Royal 
Masonic wards and the hospi- 
tal had a duty to honour its 
agreement over the students. 

“Part of the problem 1 feel is 
that the Royal Masonic tends 
to look at the learners as cheap 
pairs of hands to help run the 
hospilaL We try and avoid 
that and the whole ethos of 
nurse training is in any case 
moving away from treating 
learners in that way". 

The Royal Masonic has run 
into deep financial trouble 
with low bed occupancy as 
many more modern private 
hospitals have opened in Lon- 

It was the attraction of a 
joint nursing school with the 
NHS that in pan led to 
American Medical Interna- 
tional making a bid of more 
than £20 million for the Royal 
Masonic in 1984. Thai sale 
was blocked by Freemasons. 

Anger at 
ban on gas 
sale talk 

British Gas was accused by 
a trade union yesterday of] 
attempting to prevent its em- 
ployees talking to family and 
friends about privatization of| 
the industry. 

The accusation came from 
Nalgp, the local government 
union, which represents most 
of the staff employed by Segas. 

The dispute centres on a 
notice which British Gas has 
circulated to its employees 
pointing out "legal 
restrictions” on what they 
may say if it affects a person's 
decision to buy shares in 
British Gas. 

It is understood the notice 
includes the following guid- 
ance on how to respond if, 
asked the question: ‘Should I 
buy shares? 

“You should answer: ‘The 
best advice I can give you is to 
read the prospectus which will 
be available when the share 
price is published*." 

Mr Richard Purchase, sec- 
retary of Nalgo’s south eastern 
district gas committee, said he 
was “furious about the notice" 
and interpreted it as “instruc- 
tions issued to staff not to 
engage in any discussions, in 
or out of work, about 

The union is conducting a 
nationwide campaign against 

Nalgo has countered the 
notice by sending out a circu- 
lar to all . its members em- 
ployed by British Gas. 

A British Gas spokesman 
said: “We do not discuss our 
internal communications with 
our employees." 

New look at school prayers and morning assembly 

Bishop backs change in law 

A bishop spoke oat strongly 
yesterday in favour of refonn- 
ifflfi the law which obliges 
schools to bold a religious 
assembly every morning. 

The Bishop of London, the 
Right Rev Graham Leonard, 
told the Commons Education 
and Science Select Committee 
that the church recognized the 
physical and organizational 
difficulties imposed on many 
schools by the existing law and 
be would like to see moves “in 
the direction of greater 

“We would not necessarily 
wish to press for an act of 
worship every day, but we feel 
very strongly that worship 
mast remain an intergral and 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

necessary part of school life," 
he said. 

The 1944 Education Act 
stipulates that there mast be a 
collective act of worship when 
a school assembles every day. 
Bat in a growing number of 
schools the law is no longer 
strictly observed. 

The bishop, who is chair- 
man of the General Synod's 
Board of Education. said wor- 
ship was a crucial dement in 
the life of a school but he did 
not wish to see it identified 
with morning assembly. 

“We are asking for flexibili- 
ty and also for a dearer 
definition between worship 
and assembly* because they 
are not the same. 

“We would not wish to stand 
rigidly by the law as it stands, 
be said. 

A minimum period should 
be set aside fra worship and 
the bishop suggested that 
schools should be allowed to 
hold religions meetings at 
different times of the day with 
differing sized groups of chil- 
dren - single classes or gpoups 
of classes. 

£41,040 stamp 

A rare 1854 four-anna 
stamp with an inverted head, 
from tiie Koh-i-Nor collec- 
tion* was sold for £41,040 at 
Christie's in London yester- 

Mother’s act 

coroner says 

A coroner praised a mother 
yesterday for allowing her 
son’s kidneys to be used in 
transplant operations only 
hours before the man with 
whom she lived was due to 
appear in court charged with 
his murder. 

Dr Richard Whittington, 
the Birmingham Coroner, told 
the inquest on Lee, aged two, 
that it was “a wonderful act of 
generosity in terrible 
circumstances" by Mrs Angela 

The inqyestwas adjourned 
Peter Blundell, aged 31. of 
Brent Road. Stirchley, Bir- 
mingham. is to appear a gain 
before the city's magistrates 
tomorrow, charged with mur- 
dering the bov. 

Increase in number of 
part-time farmers 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

The number of part-time 
farmers in the United King- 
dom rose from 86.800 in June 
1983 to 92,800 m June 1985, 
an increase of nearly 7 per- 
cent according to the final 
results of the Government’s 
annual agricultural census. 

In the same period the 
number of full-time fanners 
fell by 2 per cent from 202.800 
to 198.900. But between 1984 
and 1985 total employment in 
the industry marginally in- 
creased from 692,600 to 
693.200, with significant in- 
creases in the numbers of 
fanners' sons and daughters 
working on the family farm. 

Plantings of wheat and bar- 
ley were both down slightly 
between I9$4 and 1985, but 
there were substantial in- 
creases in oats (26.4 per cent), 
rye (26 per cent), oilseed rape 
(10.1 per cent), vegetables, 
excluding potatoes (6.5 per 
cent), and rodder crops, espe- 
cially peas, beans, beet and 
maize (23.1 percent); 

Tbe total cattle herd was 
down by 2.6 percent, but there 
were more pigs (up 2.3 per 
cent), sheep (up 2.4 per centj 
and poultry (up 0.5 per cent). 
Ducks and geese (up 7.9 per 
cent) and turkeys (up 102 per 
cent) were particularly popu- 

Milk theft 
girl freed 
from jail 

Katherine Griffiths, aged ^ 
17, who was remanded in 
Holloway prison* north Lon- 
don, for 1 3 days after she stole 
a bottle of milk, was freed on 
bail by a High Court judge 

Mr Justice Roch granted a 
bail application by her solici- 
tor, Mr David Janes, in a four- 
minute private hearing. She 
must appear before Dover 
magistrates on March 6 to be 
sentenced for theft She was 
sent io Holloway by Dover 
magistrates pending social in- 
quiry reports. 

After the hearing, Mr Janes 
said:“In my opinion, for f 
Katherine to have been placed 
in custody for stealing a bottle 
of milk worth 24p is a 
travesty. She has been very 
distressed in Holloway.” 

Miss Griffiths, who lives in 
a squat in Dover wiih her boy 
friend, admitted stealing the 
milk from a doorstep when 
she appeared before the magis- 
irates on February 13. It was 
her first offence. 

Mr Janes added: “She is free 
to go where she likes. We are < 
going to celebrate with a pint 
of milk." 

He said that at the very 
most, she should have been 
remanded to a bail hostel 
where she would have been 
with people of her own age. 

Speeding peer 

Lord Montagu of Beaulieu 
was fined £50 by magistrates 
in Ripon. North Yorkshire, 
yesterday for speeding. Police 
estimated that his Daimler ear 
was travelling at 95mph. 

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jnCi WfciL>iiiL»jjLVrt,i i ivijAuruv i zo i yoo 

i iWivir./ ^ v cK5tAJj iNfcwa 

Philippines crisis 

ather ■: 


President Marcos bows out after 20 years of dictatorship 

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hW’^w.c _ 

ar ■ “ 

Tbe fighters: Civilians joined rebel soldiers yesterday in taking op arms against Mr Marcos, no matter bow erode some of their weapons were. 

The view from Washington 

US recognizes Aquino rule 

The victor; Mrs Corazon Aquino leads in singing tbe national song “Bayun Ko*\ 

Aquino camp jubilation 

At long last, relief 

r It was a day that no Hall y- 
*■ wood scri p tw ri ter could have 
' imagined; a devout, soft-spo- 
. ken housewife becoming presv- 
- dent of a country of 54 million 

Thrust into politics through 
• the brutal murder of- her 
: husband and the sheer desper- 
■ ation of her countrymen to be 
"it * rid of a dictator, Mrs Corazon 
“Cory** Aquino never looked 
more composed or confident 
‘ than she <fid yesterday as she 
was sworn hr as Pre4ftfent of 

Fr jot David Watts, Manila 

her husband. Mr Benigno 
Aquino, Mr Marcos's political 
nemesis, .was murdered in 

The Filipino Country Club 
was packed, and thousands 
more were outside, decked out 
with yellow shirts, headbands 
or streamers to show their 
enthusiasm for the “people's 
president", the first freely 
elected leader of the country 
for 14 years. 

Mrs Aquino sat behind a • 
long ceremonial table topped 


her provisional government, 'with a white doth and yellow 
Plazt of the manic of the decorations. On her right sat 

- ■ s' 

transformation of the Philip- 
pines has sprung from her 
great inner strength, which 
has allowed her to campaign 
hard throughout the country 
and tackle the complexities of 
competing for national office 
without publicly batting an 

Yesterday seemed no differ- 
ent than any other for Mrs 
Aquino, except that for the 
ceremony she had allowed 
herself the frivolity of a yellow 
dress with lace-trimmed 
sleeves and spectacles with 
yellow frames, the colour 
which has been symbolic of tbe 
opposition to Mr Marcos since 

Mr Salvador Laurel, her vice- 
presidential running mate, 
who is now the Prime Minis- 
ter-designate of her govern- 
ment Mr Juan Ponce Enrile, 
the Defence Minister, sat next 
to him, looking exhausted and 

Cory**. So enthusiastic was 
she to get on to the business of 
government that she started 
reading her first executive 
order before she had formally 
been sworn in. Laughter 
changed to applause, part of 
the glorious feeling of relief 
that has come over tbe Aquino 
camp with the knowledge of 

For the actual ceremony she 
stood up, sheepishly unaware 
of which hand she should raise 
for the oath at the instruction 
of Justice of the Supreme 
Court Claudio Teehaukee. 

Only during the singing of 
the sentimental national song, 
“Bayan Ko, My Country”, did 
Mrs Aquino look dose to tears 
for a moment. 

Understandably, Mr Laurel 
is the more experienced 

From Michael Btnyon 

The Reagan Administration 
yesterday announced that it 
had recognized the govern- 
ment of Mrs Corazon Aquino, 
and said her commitment to 
non-violence had won the 
respect of all Americans. 

In a dramatic White House 
announcement on the fail o 1 
the Marcos regime. Mr George 
Shultz, the Secretary of State, 
said President Reagan was 
pleased by the peaceful transi- 
tion. The new government 
had been produced "by one of 
the most stirring and coura- 
geous examples of the demo- 
cratic process in modern 
history”. The US honoured 
the Filipino people, and was 
ready to help them and the 
Aquino government engage 
the problem of economic de- 
velopment. and national secu- 

Mr Shultz also announced 
that Mr Marcos, bis family 
and close associates had been 
offered asylum in the US- "We 
praise the decision of Presi- 
dent Marcos. Reason and 

compassion have prevailed in 
ways that best serve the 
Filipino nation and people.” 

In his term as president. Mr 
Marcos had shown himself a 
staunch Friend of the US. “We 

in dignity and honour”, what- 
ever his plans for exile. Mr 
Shultz suggested the US would 
not agree to any subsequent 
extradition of Mr Marcos. 

jtBuiiwii iiiviiu i/i urtr t_ j. w l !»• . 

are gratified that his departure "P no{ brought 

from office has come peaceful- n * 711,5 iS 

ly, characterized by the dignity 1 1 Pf®* 

and strength that have marked , done - *-lS 

h;- , i u.-_ honoured them for this nui- 

his many years of leadership. 

“It is the Filipino people, of 
course, who are the true 
heroes today. They have high 
expectations for their country 
and for democrat^, and they 
have resolved this issue non- 
violenlly,in a way that does 
them honour.” 

Mr Shultz, who has been 
involved in negotiations at the 
White House for the past three 
days, insisted that he did not 
know where Mr Marcos was 

But he, his family and 
associates, who include Gen- 
eral Fabian Ver. the former 
armed forces chief, were of- 
fered a haven in the US. 

The Reagan Administration 
wanted a long-standing friend 
and ally of the US “to live on 

not agree to any subsequent show’ results, 
extradition of Mr Marcos. c . . 

Mr Shultz refuted charges 

His fall was not brought that the Reagan Administra- 
about by Washington. “This is lion had abandoned Mr Mar- 
something the Philippine peo- cos in the way it claimed 
pie have done.” The US President Caner had aban- 
honoured them for “this out- doned the Shah of Iran. “I 
pouring of democracy". think the President handled 

However, he said that on 9 u ‘ ie we U- 
Monday Mr Marcos had tele- He said US policy had been 
phoned Senator Paul Laxalu consistent, and Washington 
of Nevada, who visited him had repeatedly urged Mr Mar- 
last year on behalf of President cos Co undertake political and 
Reagan. Mr Shultz would not economic reform, but his 
say whether Mr Marcos's deci- response had been half-heart- 
sion to go was the result of ed. 


3 Fill© message 

0 f support 

It could also undertake Mrs Margaret Thatcher yes- 
necessary economic reform, tentay wished Mrs Corazon 
which would soon start to Aquino well after learning that 

their conversation. 

Mr Shultz noted that Mrs 

Asked if the threat of vio- 
lence was now over. MrShuliz 

Aquino supported the pres- said he did not know exactly 
ence of the US hoses in the what would happen, but he 
Philippines, and was confi- saw a positive sign in what 
dent the lease could be re- appeared to be the decision of 

newed when it expired. He 
said she was firmly opposed to 
the communist insurgency, 
and the fight against this 
would be made possible by the 
existence ofa genuinely demo- 
cratic government with broad 

the armed forces to support 
Mrs Aquino. 

Mr Philip Habib. Mr 
Reagan's special envoy, is now 
on his way back to Manila, 
where he is expected to play a 
vital role in assuring the new 
government of US support. 

the United States had recog- 
nized her as President of the 
Philippines (Our Foreign Staff 

Answering a question in 
Parliament, Mrs Thatcher 
said: “The situation in the 
Philippines is not quite clear 
but we understand that Mr 
Shultz has recognized Mrs 
Aquino as President and I am 
sure we wish her well.” 

EEC hails 
new leader 

The Hague (AP)- The EEC 
welcomed the resignation of 
President Marcos and con- 
gratulated Mrs Aquino. In a 
statement. Community for- 
eign ministers said they were 
confident that the forced de- 
parture of Mr Marcos would 
“contribute to the restoration 
of democracy in the 

Cfasrit Field 

Family fortune 

Property in America 
put at about £210m 

The chronology 

Four months that led 
to dictator’s fall 

Subic Bay 

Kjf * 7 i ^* 5 

S\\r OMan*. 

•• u VM 

.^CcrregnJor Jyp 

SOUTH f' Laguna 

dearly showing the strain of speech maker. He knows how- 
expecting an all-out nightly* to pitch his voice to tbe drama 

assault on the military camp 
from where he and General 
Fidel Ramos, newly promoted 
to Chief of Staff, have been 
leading the military resistance 
to Mr Marcos. 

The welcome for Mrs 
Aquino was ecstatic-The audi- 
ence repeatedly chanted 
rhythmically “Cory, Cory, 

of the moment with Jeffersoni- 
an references in his rich 

Mrs Aquino contented her- 
self with a memorial to her late 
husband, whose murder start- 
ed the chain reaction which led 
to Mr Marcos boarding a 
plane on! of the country last 

The new leaders 

Washington (AFP) - Mr £*° lhai ,he family has 
Marcos and his family own J?"* 1 ” property or (" 
property in the United States New Jersey, Texas. California 
worth more than $300 million and Hawau in recent years in 
(about £210 million), much of addition to houses U owns in 
it under other names, accord- mam ‘ y m London 

ing to press and Congress and Korne - 
sources here. Congress nas been taking 

The loiaf Marcos family Z Mar ~ 

fortune in the US and over- 
seas was estimated bv The 
Am- York Times last year at 

*»veral hillinn dollar* mulu-millton dollar aid for 

sex eral Billion dollars. u, c p^pp^ Xhat amoum _ 

The New York Times and ed io about $220 million last 
several other US newspapers year. 

also say that the family has Manila IAP> — The chronol- 
bought properly or land in qgy of events leading to the 
New Jersey, Texas. California resignation yesterday of Presi- 

dent- Marcos: 

• Nov 3. 1985: Marcos de- 
clares special presidential elec- 
tion to placate domestic critics 

election observers report. 

fraud and intimidation by f J|flfl55i« tlPA 
Marcos partisans. UHltWW 1ICC 

• Feb 8 : Mrs Aquino takes Hnnp K0I12 
lead in Nam fid's tally. Gov- lu 1Auai O 

Congress has been taking and show US he still enjoys 
particular interest in the Mar- public support. 

emment count shows Mareos 


Hong Kong (AFP) - Four 
senior Philippines officials. 

• Feb"l5: National .Assembly (including the National Assem- 

cos investments, because 
some critics have accused him 
of diverting pan of America's 
multi-million dollar aid for 
the Philippines. That amount- 
ed to about $220 million last 

Key roles for Laurel and Enrile as Cabinet takes shape 

* ?;;< *■ 

n ia ?i 

?K*r * 

From David Watts 


As soon as she was sworn in. 
Mrs Corazon Aquino set 
about establishing her provi- 
sional government, bringing 
in the two men who played the 
key* roles in finishing off the 
Marcos regime. 

Her first appointment, as 
Prime Minister, was Mr Sal- 
vador Laurel, her vice-presi- 
dential Tunning mate during 

add to 
tale of woe 

By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent i 
Large flocks of pigeons from 
Scandinavia are an added 
worry this winter for vegetable 
growers already badly hit by 
the continuing cold weather. 

Unlike native British pi- 
geons, which tend to travel in 
small groups, the migrating 
flocks are up to -several thou- 
sand strong and, when they 
feed on outdoor greens, the 
whole field appears to be , 

According to one grower, the 
pigeons can descend on a field 
of cabbages and reduce the 
plants to “near skeletons in a 
very short time- . 

The recent coM winds and 
frost have also caused outdoor 
vegetables to suffer and tbe 
qualitv of supplies will be 
affected for the next few 
weeks. The growth of some 
cauliflowers has been badly 
retarded and some have been 
killed by the cold. Spring 
greens ami cabbages have also 
been spofit. 

Parsnips have stood up well 
to the frosts, according to the 

British Farm Produce Council, 
but there nay be a shortage of 
tiBTups and carrots. Since 
borne grown potatoes aB come 
from stunt this time of year, 
they are largely imaffected. 

the campaign. 

Then the two heroes in the 

' 64 former senators and 
Ps of the old pre-martial law 

defence of Camp Crame were legislature which was gov- 
. chosen. Mr Juan Ponce Enrile emed by the old constitution 

retaining his post as Defence 
Minister and Lieutenant-Cen- 

of the Philippines. 

The idea of going back into 

eral Fidel Ramos being pro-, history to chum legitimacy is 
moted to full general and novel and certainly justifed in 

appointed Chief of StafTof the 
armed forces. 

- Her government was inau- 
gurated with the approval ofa 
“people's resolution” signed 

Filipino eyes, in view of what 
Mr Marcos has done to the 
country's legal system since he 
was elected as President in 

Labour Whip 

By Anthony Bevins, 

Political Correspondent 

Mr Derek Foster. Labour’s 
! new chief Whip, is feeing the 
threat of a challenge for his job 
this year. 

h was reported in. The 
Times ■ this month that Mr 
Foster had upset some Labour 
MPs because of his attempts 
to exert tougher discipline 
over colleagues who wanted to 
miss Commons votes. 

But criticism over Mr 
Foster's style has spread to a 
key group . of left-wingers who 
helped him to win his one- 
vote majority for the job last 

It is understood that the 
cause of disaffection is a 
running dispute between two 

South Wales Labour MPs. 
Mrs Ann CJwyd and Mr 
Raymond Powell 

Mrs Clwyd, the left-wing by- 
election winner in Cynon 
Valley, and Mr PowelL M P for 
Ogmore and a Labourwhip. 
have not been the best of 
friends since she was elected 
in May 1984. 

But the hostility reached a 
new peak last week when HTV 
revealed that it was planning 
to broadcast a current affairs 

The script shown to Mrs 
Clwyd, made a series of 
allegations against her. 

The item was not 

A Cabinet is to start prepar- 
ing for the permanent govern- 
ment but in the meantime it 
will collect taxes 
Mr Ennle reported to his 
old office in the Ministry of 
Defence yesterday afternoon, 
going back to the job from 
which Mr Marcos dismissed 
him. General Ramos went to 
the office of Lieutenant-Gen- 
eral Fabian Ver, Mr Marcos's 
faithful army commander. 

Oval tickets 
in demand 

Advance ticket sales for both 
international matches to be 
played at the Oval this summer 
have reached record levels. The 
Texaco one-day match between 
England and India on Saturday 
May 24 has generated £60.000. 
and sales for tbe Comhill Test 
match between England and 
New Zealand, starting on Au- 
gust 2(, exceed £80.000. 

tan Childs, Surrey's market- 
ing manager, commented; “We 
are delighted sales are so good at 
this time of the year, especially 
for the Test match, as sales are 
above the level taken for the 
1985 Australian match.” 

who had spent (he last few 
days trying io find ways to 
blast him out of Camp Crame. 

Mrs Aquino also set in 
motion eight task forces which 
will start work today though 

• Dec 2: Year-long trial of 
armed forces chief General 
Fabian C. Ver. a longtime 
Marcos ally, and 25 others 
accused of the 1983 assassina- 
tion of opposition leader 
Benigno Aquino, ends in ac- 
quittal of all defendants. 

• Dec 3; Corazon Aquino, 

widow of opposition leader, 
declares her 

candidacy.Opposition forms 
united front against Marcos. 

• Jan 18, 1986: Cardinal Sin 
denounces Marcos's party for 
spreading propaganda slurring 
Mrs Aquino and intimidating 
\ oters. 

• Feb San estimated l mil- 

decfarcs Marcos winner. 



©Feb 16: Mrs Aquino an- Yniguez. who was Mr 
nounces campaign of non- Marcos's camapign manager 
violent civil in the recent election, have 

disobedience. President reportedly fled to Hong Kong, 
Rcagansays Marcos backers the colony’s government radio 
commuted such widespread said. 

abuse that the election may be 

An unidentified caller to the 
radio named the others as Mr 

©Feb 22: Defence Minister Roman Cruz, who had re- 
Juan Ponce Enrile and Lieu- signed as president of Philip- 
lenani-Genend Fidel Ramos pine Airlines, a high-ranking 
seize Defence Ministry build- official called Mr Mara, and a 

ing. calling on Marcos to quit. 
© Feb 23: Tanks sent by 

Mr Tantoko. also described as 
holding an important post in 

r he has not yet named any of lion people, at a cily centre 
their staff nor said where they P ar ^- The National Move- 
will be housed. They will deal , *£ r Free Elections 
with foreign affairs, justice. ( Nam fine!) says it will monitor 
finance, education, social ser- voting in attempt to prevent 

Marcos against the rebels are the Marcos regime, 
halted by a human barricade 
of Aquino supporters. ▼ 1311 IIAUCU 

• Feb 24: Washington tells Cardinal Jaime Sin, the 
Marcos to go but he defiantly Roman Catholic .Archbishop 
insists that he has been re- 0 f Manila, has postponed 
elected. indefinitely a visit to Britain 

© Feb 25: After going through next month because of the 
the charade of a swearing-in situation (Reuter reports). His 

vices, the central bank, local jj*****- _ . , . , J _ . 

gen emment and labour. I * ^ 7: Namtrel and foreign 

BBC Radio rival 
inside four years’ j 

By David Hervson Arts Correspondent 

ceremony. Marcos at last rec- decision was telexed yesterday 
ognizes the inevitable and to Cardinal Basil Hume, the 


Archbishop of Westminster. 

Guns charge 

Two North Yorkshire police- 
men, who drew guns during a 
chase after burglars while on 
protection duty last December 
with Mr Leon Briitan. are to 
face disciplinary proceedings, 
it was announced yesterday. 

Grant saves Liverpool orchestra 

The Liverpool Ph3 harmon- 
ic Han and its orchestra have 
been saved from their financial 
problems by & joint rescue bid 
organized by the Office of Arts 
and Libraries and the Arts 

The orchestra and the haO 

feced closure because of tbe 
abolition of tbe metropolitan 
eo unties which threatened to 
remove their principal provid- 

er of state grants. But yester- 
day Mr Richard Lace, the 
Minister for the Arts, said that 
a new agreement bad been 
reached to keep tbe hafl open 
and offer it at a. reasonable 
rent to the orchestra. Tbe deal 
was made possible by a 
£137,500 grant from the Arts 
Council and comes shortly 
after the private sector rescued 
Liverpool's other arts venae 

threatened by abolition, the' 
Apollo Theatre. 

It is now expected that aB of 
the venues which feced closure 
through abolition will be 
saved, in some case through 
new local authority grants. 

The Philharmonic Hal] win 
be banded over to the residu- 
ary body which lakes over 1 
from the metropolitan author- | 
sty on Its abolition in April. 

Commercial broadcasting's 
new national radio service 
could be on the air within four 
years with a combination of 
speech, information, news and 
commentary. Mr John 
Thompson, the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority's head 
of radio, forecast yesterday. 

The service would create 
scope for fresh programming 
and an authentically new, 
contemporary treatment of 
national radio. It would also 
operate in close association 
with existing commercial local 

“Thirty years after the in- 
troduction of the principle of 
an additional service to that of 
the BBC in television, the 
BBC still enjoys a total mo- 
nopoly in national radio,” Mr 
Thompson said in a speech to 
the Royal institute of Public 
Administration in London. 

“This is the only monopoly 
in broadcasting still to sur- 
vive. The BBC’s tenure as the 
sole supplier of national radio 
needs in the public interest to 
be challenged.” 

Details of how the national 
commercial service will be 
advertised have yet to be 
announced, but Mr Thomp- 
son said that the service could 
use a “judicious mix'* of 

“Lively, modem, respon- 
sive scheduling could be 
brought to bear on a range of | 
music, aptly slotted through 
INR's (Independent National 
Radio's) programming, offer- 
ing an extension of range to 
listeners at times when they 
choose to be available or 
decide to listen.” 

The Institute of Contempo- 
rary Arts liCA) revealed de- 
tails of the arts radio station it 
is planning to open in London 
in conjunction with the maga- 
zine Time Oui yesterday. 

The ICA is one of the 
applicants for a community 
radio franchise and, along 
with other applicants, expects 
to hear whether it has won in 
the next few weeks. 

The service would be selfr 
financing and devoted to the 
arts from jazz to opera. It 
would take Channel 4 as its 
model and commission most 
of its output from indepen- 
dent producers. 

The station hopes to gener- 
ate enough advertising from 
its broadcasts to a potential 
five million listeners to cover 
its costs. 

“The station would provide 
a major boost for London's 
arts comm unity." the ICA 

Then why not visit one of our local 
displays? We have over 100 nationally, 
open 7 days a week. You can choose 
from oak, laminate, mahogany and 
painted finishes and we may be able to 
offer you a discount of up to 

For details of where you can view our 
kitchens, complete the coupon or 
phone now on [ ■ 

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Finding raw fish for the Japanese was 
the easy bit 

In our time, weVe arranged private 
railway sidings, built helicopter landing pads. 

And we even found one client his 
set of ultra- fine-tipped miniature painting 
brushes. From a factory in Shanghai. 

In fact, you'd have to come up with a 
pretty outlandish request to defeat the \VDA 

The bright new factor}- in Wales, die 
generous investment from "a wealth of 

different sources: they're only the start of 
our services. 

Because whether your company is 
moving from Tonbridge or Tokyo, you'll still 
find yourself living somewhere else. 

How do you choose the right 
schools? Or find a Pontiac service bay, an 
antiquarian bookbinder? 

And where do you get specialised 
computer software, new business contacts, 
the latest findings in biotechnology? 

iou come to see the WDA regional 
manager; Consult our business advisory 

Grill our technology and marketing 
departments. Pick the brains down at the 
university innovation centre. 

And if this is our after-sales service, 
just what are we trying to sell you? 

Simply a very beautiful country where 
both you and your company can live and 
grow free Iv. 



ft[i4.PEA»L Kiust 






I - t- ^V:.T 


^B * . - J 

r * T^si 

[■ • B - < . ■ 

27th party congress 


pace for 
future set by 

s lie lashes idlers 


Moscow C Ap )_ &cerpis of 

made by Mr 
Mihail Gorbachov, the SovjT 

27lfc Con^ss 

iwysg com,m,,,ia 

The economy: 

rtJjtl? " um .ber of years the 
deeds and actions of party and 
gfn-ernmem bodjes SIS be- 
S d «?r«! ieeds of die tunes 
h??h£ f J ,fe ‘ ' ; The - Problems 
JJ-af* cou °dy s development 
{SjJ up rapidly than 

ihey we re being solved. The 
SST« «? stiffness of tS 
forms and . methods of 
administrate!], the decline of 
dynamism in our work and an 
escalation of bureaucracy; all 
ibu was doing no small dam- 

“or* •, , . . ' 

.The situation called for a 
™ange. but a peculiar psychol- 

2SL i 10 v t0 fraprove things 
Sow Changing anything ~ 

ZSJSJF* hand in the 
j* m . raI SS 1 M and - • • at local 
level. Difficulties began to 

iQ7ii Up • I L th H econom y in the 
1970s with the rates of eco- 

nomic growth declining 
visibly - . . The main thing 
«as that we had failed to 
produce a timely political 
assessment of the changed 
economic situation. 

- ]J e way out as we see it lies 
m thorough modernization of 
ine national economy. A 
big step forward is to be made 
in this direction in the current 

.fr . * 9 , ' 

4 *.V‘ 

iS-4 jA-:r. 

:••• ,' v 

f TM I 


to aUocate upward of 200 
billion rubles of capital invest- 
ments - more than during the 
past 10 years - for moderniz- 
ing and technically re-cquip- 
pmg production. Large-scale 
introduction of computers 
and overall . automation of 
production will tremendously 
influence the rate of technical 


(In the next five years) it is 
planned to more than double 
the rate of form production 
and to ensure substantia] in- 
creases in the per capita 
consumption of meat, milk, 
vegetables and fruit. : 

It is intended to establish 
h*ed plans for the purchase of 
produce from theicoJIective 
lams and state, fangs for each, 
year of the; five- ~ 

ty. bribe-takers, and all those 
who embark on the path 
foreign to the work-oriented 
nature of our system. 


^^l. are „ J ' uslifiab Jy exasper- 
ated by all sorts of shortcom- 
ings and by those responsible 
for them . . .J-Jack workers 
and idlers, grabbers and writ- 
ers of anonymous letters, petty 
bureaucrats and bribe takers. 

We have done quite a lot of 
damage because some Com- 
munists behave unworthily, 
perpetrate discrediting acts. 
rS. *?** a number of senior 
officials have been discharged 
jrom their posts, expelled , 
from the party for their 
abuses. Some of them have 
• been indicted. The party win 
resolutely ... get rid of all of 
those who discredit the name 
or communists. 

-. Any disparity between what 
is said and done buns the 
main thing, the prestige of 
puty policy, and cannot be 
tolerated in any form. Organi- 
zational work cannot be 
squandered on bombastic 
empty .rhetoric at countless 
meetings and conferences Bu- 
reaucracy is today a serious 
obstacle . . . .Bureaucratic 
distortions manifest them- 
selves all the stronger 
where . people are held less 
accountable for what they do 
In support of the idea of 
setting Communists higher 




— on detente 

m Po^ful" 011 approach 
to East-West relations is vital 
if Europe is to influence arms 
reduction negotiations and de- 
tente, Community Foreign 
ministers agreed yesterday 
. Bu f. France and Britain 
signalled that there could be 
no discussion of their inde- 
pendem nuclear forces unless 
m - ^? v J et Union and the 
United States reached agree- 
ment on arms reductions, 
diplomatic sources said. 

A.P 1 . e _? ,inis,ers * meeting in 
Amsterdam, were discussing a 

report drawn up by their 
ministry officials on the new 
style of Soviet foreign policy 
since Mr Mikhail Gorbachov 
became leader. 

Diplomatic sources said the 
French Minister, M Roland 
Dumas, raid any agreement 
between the superpowers on 
nuclear arms control did not 
bind the Europeans. They 
must also balance their agree- 
ment with controls on con- 
ventional weapons. 

However. Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, the Foreign Secretary’. 
Mid the relationship between 
East and West must not be 

based entirely on arms control 
and security issues. 

• LONDON: Britain yester- 
day made an urgent appeal for 
a global and verifiable ban on 
the development, production 
and stockpiling of chemical 
weapons (Nicholas Ashford 

In a speech to the Confer- 
ence on Disarmament in Ge- 
neva. Mr Timothy Renton, 
the Foreign Office minister 
responsible for arms control 
ur^ed the Soviet Union to 
accept verification measures 
pu J forward by Britain and 
9*bcr Western participants at 
tne 40-nation meeting. 

If the Soviet Union accept- 
-.2 uch measures or came up 
a ” effective alternative, a 
total ban on chemical wean- 
on* was possible, he said. 

. fj ,n jjpa taken up 
chairmanship of the chemical 
weapons committee at the 
conference for the first time. 
Bmish officials, noting the 
concihaiory noises from Mos- 
rcceni weeks, are 
guardedly optimistic that sub- 
stantive progress can be made 
towards a ban before the 
British term expires. 

Along with other West Eu- 
ropean countries, Britain is 
anxious to see progress in 

Geneva to avoid a politically 
embarrassing decision over 
whether to allow the US to 
base a new generation of 
encmical weapons in Europe 
Last year the US Congress 
decided to end a 16-vear ban 
on the production of chemical 
weapons by voting to provide 
SI25 million (about £85 mil- 
uonMor new binary ones, in 
which the constituent chemi- 
cals are kept apart until ihe 
weapon is fired. 

. £h e basing of such weapons 
in Europe has been informally 
discussed within Nato. Such a 
move would be politically 
very unpopular. 

From a Correspondent 

Two handcuffed poachers 
esMped after hacking io death 
a British cattle rancher near 
? e ^“Bridge border with 
South Africa. 

Wr Richard Davenport, 
aged 36, a bachelor from near 
Birmingham, was found dead 
at the weekend beside a blood- 
stained pick and shovel. He 
bad stayed with his hand- 
cuffed killers while two game 
wardens and a stockman 
searched for more 

Lem co Ltd, owners of the 
property, have a strict rule 
that employees must have a 
partner in ami-poaching oper- 

A police anti-poaching pa- 
trol later charged two men for 
his murder. 

Zimbabwe has declared war 
on poachers in the Zambezi 
valley bordering Zambia to 
the north.Nine armed poach- 
ers have been killed in gun 
battles with patrols recently, 
and some angry Zambian MPs 
have demanded that Zambia's 
High Commissioner in Harare 
be withdrawn. 

Zimbabwe’s attitude was 
summed up by the national 
newspaper. The Herald: “How 
fan a patrol arrest men shoot- 
ing at them with guns power- 
ful enough to kill an 

these plans willjnot 

. . ——jvlhe farms will 

be given- the opportunity to 
use. as they see fit, - all the 
produce harvested over and 
above the plan; in the case of 
fruit and potatoes and other- 

vegetables they wiU also be 
awe to use a considerable pan 

of tne planned produce as they, 

. SCC IlL 

Success (in restructuring 
economic management) win 
depend largely on reorganiza- 
tion of the work of the central 
economic bodies, first and 
foremost the. State Planning 
Committee of the USSR. It : 
must indeed become our 
country’s genuine scientific 
economic headquarters, 
freed mom current economic 
.matters. . . ; The lion’s share 
of operational management 
mnenons is being delegated 
directly to the enterprises and 

We shall have io carry out a 
planned readjustment of the 
price system. Price" levels 
m - u ? l* up not only 

carrying out a purge to 
.“J* the party of persons 
whose conduct and way of life 
contradict our norms and 
ideals. I do not think there is 
any need for a special cam- 
paign to purge the ranks. Our 
party is a healthy organism; it 
is perfecting the style and 
methods of its work, is eradi- 
cating formalism, red tape, 
and conventionalism, and is 
discarding everything stag- 
nant and conservative that 
interferes with our progress. In i 
inis way it is freeing itself of 
persons who have compro- 
mised themselves by their, 
poor work and unworthy be- 
haviour. ’ 


Thedayjjefore yesterday we 
received President Reagan's [ 
.reply to .our.*' statement of 
January 15. The United States 
also began to set forth its 



■ -o — IUI 

considerauons in greater de - 1 
.tail attfie talks in Gen<r 

U P n . 0t OTly bk5ck 1116 solution of rad 
of disarmament 

tne consumer prooerties of ihe Thf minntinn 



- . 



uuuays DU I aiSO With 

the consumer properties of the 
goo® ; ihe degree to which 
products; meet the needs of 
society and consumer de- 

It is high time lo put an end 
to the practice of ministries 
and departments exercising 
petty tutelage over 
. enterprises. . . Organizations . 
should be given the right to 
sell to one another, indepen- 
dently. what : they produce 
over and above the 
plan. . , .They should also be 
given the iegal right to make 
snch safes to members of the 

There are still snatchers, 
persons who don't consider it 
a crime io steal from their 
plants . . . And there are 
bribe-takers and grabbers who 
don't stop abusing their posi- 
tion for selfish purposes. The 
full force of the law and a 
public condemnation should 
be applied to all of them. 

Figur e-juggling, payment of 
unearned money, the issue of 
* unmerited bonuses mid set- 
ting guaranteed pay rates un- 
related to work is not 
permissible. It should be said 
quite emphatically that when 
equal pay rates are set for a 
good employee and a negligent 
one. that is a gross violation of 
our principles. It is essential 
that the Government's wage 
policy be strictly pegged to the 
quantity and quality of work 

Owing to a slackening of 
control and a number of other 
reasons groups of people have 
appeared with a distinct, pro- 
prietary mentality and a 
scornful attitude to the inter- 
ests of society. Working peo- 
ple have legitimately raised 
the question of rooting out 
such things. It is considered 
necessary in the immediate 
future to cany our additional 
measures against parasites, 
plunderers of socialist proper- 

... — ineva. To | 

be-.sure. we shall closely, 
consider everything it has to 
say on these matters. 

.. "5? 1 L®n say right away is i 
that the President's letter does 
not give ground to amending 
the assessment of the interna- 
uonal situation as had been set 
forth in the report before the j 
- reply was received. It says that i 
the elimination of . nuclear 
arms is the goal for which all 
the nuclear powers should 
: strive. 

.In his letter, the President, 
agrees m general with some or 
other Soviet proposals and 
mtemions as regards the issues , 
or dtsarmanem and security. 1 
In other words, the reply 
seems to contain some reas- ] 
spring opinions and theses. 
However, these positive pro- 
nouncements are swamped in 
various reservations, linkages 
and conditions which in tect 
block the solution of radical 





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l ne reduction of strategic 
nuclear arsenals is made con- 
ditional on our consent to the 
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reductions, unilateral by the 
way, in Soviet conventional 
arms. Linked to this are also i 
problems of regional conflicts 
and bilateral relations. 

The elimination of nuclear 
arms in Europe .is blocked by I 
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--- refusal -to stop nuclear 
tests is justified by arguments 
to the effect that nuclear 
weapons serve as a . factor of j 
containment. This is in direct 
contradiction to the purpose 
reaffirmed in the letter, which 
is the need to destroy nuclear 

The reluctance of the Unit- 
ed States' and its ruling circles 
to embark on the path of| 
nuclear disarmament 
manifests itself most dearly in 
the refusal to agree to a 
nudear test ban. It is hard to 
delect in the letter we have 
just received any serious pre- 
paredness by the US Adminis- 
tration to get down to the 
business of eliminating the 
nudear threat. 

In accordance with an un- 
derstanding reached , in Gene- 
va, there, will be another 
masting wiih the US Presi- 
dent The significance we 
attach to it is that it ought to 
produce practical results in 
key areas of limiting and 
reducing armaments. 

There are at least .two 
matters on which an under- 
standing could be reached: the 
cessation of nudear tests and 
the abolition of US and Soviet 
intermediate-range missiles in 
the European zone. 

Leading article, page 15 

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Leading the way to the USA 

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Faith amid the front-line filth 

From Robert Fisk, Fao, Iranian-occupied Iraq 

“Islam means victory" has 
been painted on the tom walls 
of the former Iraqi Army 
headquarters in Fao. and the 
Iranians standing in the mud 
outside believe every word of 
it. In spite of repeated Iraqi 
claims that Fao is about to be 
recaptured, thousands of Ira- 
nian Revolutionary Guards 
are clinging tenaciously to this 
flat, waterlogged spit of ruined 
land, successfully holding off* 
Iraq’s fearsome counter at- 

Iran yesterday launched an- 
other offensive into Iraq — 
into Kurdistan, where the 
Iranians said they captured 
the mountain town of 
Oh wart a — but the focus of 
both combatants in the Gulf 
War is still on the desolate and 
broken oil port of Fao. the 
very name having assumed 
almost religious significance 
in Iran. 

“Y’ou will see that the Iraqis 
are not in the northern sub- 
urbs of Fao as they say." one 
of the senior Revolutionary 
Guards commanders told us. 
He was as good as his word. 
The Iranian Air Force helicop- 
ter which flew us across the 
Shatt a I- Arab river in occu- 
pied Iraq yesterday actually 
landed north of the city, in a 
wasteland of bumi-out oil 
storage tanks, broken fortifica- 
tions. captured guns and 

The journey to Fao was 

itself tense, as the Iranian 
helicopter's three-man crew 
flew us across the flooded 
desert and plantations 
through a rainstorm towards 
the river. 

The artillery positions of the 
Iranian Army below blazed 
with fire through the gloom as 
their big guns opened up 
across the river towards Basra. 
The lines of trenches, the 20ft 
gold flames from the gun 

barrels, the untidy heaps of 
shell cases and the miles of 
desert veined with water, pro- 
duced the kind of awesome 
beauty that battlefields some- 
times possess before one ar- 
rives in the mud and filth of 
the front lines. 

The mud seemed to con- 
sume Fao. its roads, its gun 
emplacements, even the tanks 
of its burning refinery, ding- 
ing to the sides of the drab 
uniforms of the Iranian fight- 
ers. gradually absorbing the 

bodies that still lay 
spreadcagled over the terrain. 

The Iraqi defences - 10ft 
high sandbagged emplace- 
ments. underground shelters 
and swathes or barbed wire - 
still stood along the waterfront 
of Fao port. 

Some of the mud-walled 
houses of Fao still stood, but 
much of the town appears to 
have been destroyed beyond 
repair. The Iranians even 
managed to seize the Iraqi 
Army's weapons, proudly dis- 
playing to us yesterday the 
heavy artillery they are now 
using to shell 'the Basra road. 
Up that road yesterday there 
was a bunting refinery from 
which towered a column of 
black smoke six miles in 
length, its base licked by fire. 
The incoming shell-fire from 
the Iraqi Army was so intense 
that the ground literally shook 
under our feet three miles 


The Iranians on Fao ap- 
peared to be nonchalant, al- 
most mischievous about their 
victory. Travelling in the back 
of a captured Iraqi Army- 
truck. an official Iranian guide 
with a megaphone pointed 
towards the Khawr A hid Allah 
straits and the Kuwaiti Island 
of Bubiyan. “Kuwait is on 
your left, gentlemen," he 
shouted with a smile. 

The sand bar was clearly 
visible through the rain — nor 
was ihe political point missed. 

Only the previous evening the 
Revolutionary Guards’ com- 
mander had carefully vouch- 
safed the view that "we hope 
Kuwait remains responsible 
during this conflict". Many of 
the new gunpits along the 
coast road to Utnm Qasr 
contain artillery pieces that 
point across the narrow 
straights towards Bubiyan. 

Fao itself is now a ghost 
.town — its population was 
evacuated in the early days of 
the six-year war— and its dead 
Iraqi soldiery will soon have 
to be buried if the mud does 
not possess them first. Beside 
a former Iraqi baqracks an 
Iraqi MiG fighter bomber lies 
scorched black on the earth, 
the dead pilot's hand poking 
from his cockpit, his fingers 
pointing upwards as if plead- 
ing. Along the road to Umm 
Qasr. a soldier lies on his back 
by a pile of used shell cases, 
legs already settled into the 
liquid sand. 

The Iranians now hold 
about 120 square miles of 
Iraqi territory south of Basra 
*— their own figure of about 
■ 300 square miles crudely in- 
cludes Iraqi territorial waters 
off the coast - but there were, 
yesterday at least, no air 
attacks to prevent their further 
advance. Even when the 
storms gave way to bright 
sunlight over Fao — an Iraqi 
fighter bomber pilot's dream 
— the planes stayed away. 

Ir anian soldiers examine the wreck of an Iraqi aircraft brought down at Fao. 

Security Council blow to Iraq 

From Oar Correspondent 
New York 

The United Nations Securi- 
ty Council has unanimously 
adopted a resolution obliquely 
censuring Iraq for initialing 
the Gulf war. It also calls for 
an immediate ceasefire and 
the withdrawal of Iranian 
forces fiom Iraqi territory. 

Iran said immediately that 

sentative, Mr Said : Rajaie- 
Khorassani, acknowledged 
that the measure had come 
closer to meeting one Iranian 
condition for ending the con- 
flict: condemnation of Iraq as 
the aggressor. 

The resolution was the cul- 
mination of five days of 
intricate diplomatic footwork 
which pitied those who be- 
lieved that Iran, in offering 

the resolution would not be ' suggestions for a resolution, 
implemented because the text was sincerely interested in 
was too vague and innocuous, exploring ways to bring the 
However, the Iranian repre- Security Council into a medi- 

ating role and those who 
suspected Tehran . of purely 
political objectives. 

■ The negotiations illuminat- 
ed the diplomatic alliances in 
the Gulf conflict 
After receiving a working 
' paper, supportive of the Irani- 
an position, from the non- 
permanent council members, 
Britain, with -some help from 
the Chinese, struggled against 
France, the United States and 
the Soviet Union, who made 
certain that Iraq was shielded 
from outright censure. 

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Israel set 
for death 
camp trial 

From lan Murray 

Israel is preparing a top- 
security welcome for . the man 
rt believes is “Ivan the 
Terrible", the alleged killer of 

After losing a seven-year 
legal battle to stay in the 
United States, Mr John 
Demjanjuk is being flow under 
dose escort to Ben-Gorfon 
airport and can expect to go on 
trial within three weeks for the 
mass minder of Jews in the 
notorious death camp north of 

The cell in Tower 10 at 
Ayafon prison in Ramte, 
where Adolf Ekhmann was 
bdd daring his trial m 1962, 
has been prepared and the 
bullet-proof glass box' from 
-which he gave evidence is 
befog taken out of the nmse- 


. Mr Demjanjuk was born in 
the Ukraine 66 years ago and 
arrived in the United States on 
false papas in 1952. 

Seven Israelis say be is 
“Ivan Grozny" (Ivan die Ter- 
rible), a Ukrainian volunteer 
whose terrible acts stood out 
even in the horror of the death 

In his job as “gas chamber 
mechanic 1 * he' personally 
poshed thousands of Jews into 
the death room. 

Mr Daqjanpik has consis- 
tently denied that he is the 
same person, and his parish 
priest in Cleveland, Ohio, has 
described him as “one of the 
nicest guys you'd ever want fo 

He was stripped of his 
status as a naturalized Ameri- 
can citizen in June 1981, and, 
fo November 1983, he was 
arrested in Cleveland after a 
request from Israel for extra- 
dition — the first time the US 
had agreed to do this with a 
suspected war criminal 

The US Federal Court fo 
October ordered his extradi- 
tion, and he has since been fo 
custody pending an appeal. 
The Supreme Court rejected 
that and allowed him to be sent 
to Israel for trial. 

Davalier * 

TaBoires ( AP) ^Tbe **wr 
of the luxury jrotcl 
requisitioned by French 
Government for Haitfsde- 
posed Presides* Jm &nric 
nuvatier nod iris entourage 
has began fegpi proceedings 
for the fonner dretawr's ero- ^ 

U< “I cannot work and i would 
like Mr Duvafcrtotewsol 
can welcome my guests, many 
of whom have tong standing 
reservations," the tauter. 'M 
jean TiffiMi, toW the court ra 
this French Alpine resort He 
was promised a fill! heamig on 

Friday. . - - 

France wants to expel Mr 
Duvalier, who arrived - bn 
February 7, but no country 
has yet agreed to accept him. 

Sudanese opt 
for austerity 

Khartoum (AFP) — Sudan 
has imposed economic auster- 
ity measures after a ruling by 
the International Monetary 
Fund that it is indigiHe for 
loans because of $250 million 
(£170 million) in debt repay- 

The prices of sugar and 
petrol went up 20 to 25 per 
cent and state employees earn- 
ing more than £40 a month 
will have a 5 per cent pay cut 
for a year, the Sudan news 

Rebel strike 

San Salvador (AFP) — Left- 
wing guerrillas wrecked one of 
H Salvador’s biggest cotton 
cooperatives, killing five sol- 
diers, the .Army announced. 

Unita attack 

Luanda (Reuter) — Unita 
rebels attacked the village of 
Waba m southern Angola, 
killing 27 -people and wound- 
ing 14; the official news 
agency Angop reported. 

Drugs killing 

New Orleans (AFP) — Six 
Colombians have been arrest- 
ed here in connection with the 
killing on February 19 Of a 
drugs run pilol who was to 
have been Ihe key witness 
against the man said to head 
the world's biggest cocaine- 
smuggling network. 

Guyana's day 

Georgetown (AFP) — The 
Queen was among more than 
50 heads of state and govern- 
ment who sent congratulatory 
messages to Gtiyan& on its 
1 6th anniversary as a republic. 

Priest held 

Nairobi (AP) — A Roman 
Catholic priest, the Rev Jo- 
seph . Mwangi Lugano, has 
been arrested for telling his 
congregation that the milk 
provided to Kenya's school- 
children was being laced with 
contraceptives supplied by 
rich countries. He denied the 
charge and was granted bail. 

Rank dropped 

Paramaribo (AP) - Suri- 
nam’s Commander-in-Chief \ 
Desi Bouteise ended the six- 
year state of em erge n cy and 
abolished officers' ranks in the 
Army. From now on they will 
be called commanders of the 

French freed 

Tehran (Reuter) — Four 
French nationals arrested in 
Tehran were freed and a 
march by 500 Iraqi 1 refugees 
on the French embassy 
blocked by police. They were 
protesting at the expulsion 
from Pans to BaghHwrt of two 
Iraqi dissident students. 





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nstamritt brjudy jnJ s»mt sympathy. 

Uu/MUtna/iIy. mu uj tU piua/riis >f w«r«tr it 
that l-imt nhty In many mile > au.ty. 

Ample white. ImiUiuk will ht funnj h\ gnat > 
of Tin Silfritlgt Hf‘ld. 

lu Stm ts Bar (in u huh the amietit hams ustdtu 
utppnrt the mnf nf a ham in Kent). Marin u Hi i/ttiikl' 
mix jo// an txpirtminr.AnJ a/nady it h hard in hdit\\ 
that the hustling l Test End is barely a stunt V thrnu uuuy. 

Our dinner in FUhbtrs rarauranr it /r udl 
u urtb taking »nt \ eyes nff the magnifinnt diiphty\ uf pa fa 
and tuith (if mly fur a moment) in tomidtr the mautr- 
pitets hanging *v the u jib. 

iV» prints these, but Geoffrey Fh/ihtr pen and 
ini original \ and tlx e my nf any nilltfitir. 

And at nut si nit into tU luxurious nphoktt n 
nf tlx hmnge for a final nightcap, the ambbia is complete 

Not so much that of the an rage hotel, but mm 
lit Jimoiphert of the gi nthmant club. 

Which, like all the best dubs, feels like home. 

The Self ridge Huh l is an example nf the 
tulightt m J Thittlt philmnph ). 

Which i> that busiuev it ilh-ttl pltasnre ir more 
like /) to In luutu it. (fill husintss. Ours and j mm. 

So it bile ei cry Thistle Hotel guarantees a Stan- 
dard of jccnmntoJjtm and bushiest facilities equal to. 
and in many casts Utter than, that off nd hyiult matmal 
l)o id duins. that that is when regimentation ends and 
individuality begins. 

Eads of mr managers is encuuragtd to retain 
and deu lop the ii/Ji: idnal character and fa turn of 
the building nf u bids he has dxirge. 

Ah allitndt ubicb creates a relaxed and 
enjoyable atmnrpbtrt uithiu our staff. Which in turn is 
felt by nur guests. 

It is a philmphy in which u e are constantly 

imeuing for the future through extensive refurbishment, 
inmiarion and. most importantly, talent. 

Thus, the discovery of a superb French bistro in 
The Strathmore Thistle Hotel . Lutorir is a particularly 
pleasant surprise. 

Ton will find the views of the Thames from The 
Viwcr Thistle Hotel a mure fascinating and rewarding 
spec fade than tlx television. 

And the Boston Bean Company bar at Tlx 
Strathdnn Thistle Hotel a genuine piece of Americana, hr 
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Ask your secretary to ring central reservations on 
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19 major cities and tou-ns throughout Britain. 


Sri Lanka inquiry 
into village killing 

From a Correspondent, Colombo 








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The Sri Lanka Government 
has appointed a board com- 
prising the chiefs of staff of the 
Navy and Air Force and an 
army brigadier to investigate a 
mass killing at the village of 
Thangaveiadipuram in the 
Amparai district of the East- 
ern Province. 

Some residents said as 
many as 80 people died in the 
slaughter Iasi Wednesday, and 
the separatist Liberation Ti- 
gers of Tamil Eelam guerrilla 
group claimed more than 50 
Tamils, including women and 
children, were killed. The 
Defence Ministry has said that 
40 guerrillas were killed in an 
encounter with security forces. 

According to a guerrilla 
statement, soldiers arrived in 
armoured cars and lorries, 
encircled the village and start- 
ed shooting. Helicopters 
bombed the v illage, razing 
shops and houses. 

. The Government said the 
incident took place in a pad- 
dy-field, and that there were 
no shops near by. it also 
denied that helicopters were 
used to drop bombs. Security 
forces came across a camp 
where 50 guerrillas were har- 
vesting rice. They opened fire, 
and 40 were killed. The rest 
fled into the jungle. 

The security feces went for 
reinforcements, and ^ t0 
start an inquiry into the 
incident. But some of the 
■guarillas came back, took 
photographs and made a vid- 

eo. film of the dead men in 
order to paint a picture of 
“army atrocities against 
civilians", and then cremated 
the bodies, the Defence Minis- 
_try said. 

Asked why the bodies were 
left unguarded, a spokesman 
for the Defence Ministry sakfc 
“They were scared. It’s a 
remote area, surrounded by 
very thick jungle”. 

Residents of the area have 
told reporters that those killed 
were civilians, hut Govern- 
ment spokesmen maintain u 
that the camp that was at- 
tacked belonged to guerrillas 
o f th e Eelam ■ Revolutionary 
Organization of Students. 

.The incident is causing a lot 
of concern for the Govern- 
ment. It occurred at a time 
when the UN Commission on 
Human Rights was sitting in 
Geneva, and efforts were be- 
ing made by the International 
Commission of Human 
Rights to take up the Sri 
Lankan issue. $ 

. The Indian High Coro mis* 
Sumer in Colombo was due to 

S?*! yesterday, 

10 briefed 

Jbout developments resulting 
from the shoo ting 
I n^anoth er incident, army 
reinforcements and helicop- 

ZL™** ^t to the nortb- 
provincial town of 
Jftftmar yesterday when mer- • a . 
nllas attacked the police sra- ^ 
a vehicle carrying 




I ' 

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Royal tour of New Zealand 

Maori leaders pledge 
loyalty to Queen 
and spurn protesters 

From Stephen Taylor, Hastings, New Zealand 

As if to make up for the egg- 
throwing and other protests 
which marked the first round 
of official engagements of the 
royal lour. New Zealanders 
gave the Queen and the Duke 
of Edinburgh a particularly 
warm welcome at yesterday’s 

The visit continued, howev- 
er, to provide controversy and 

A walkabout ia Napier 
brought the seaside town of 
about 50,000 people to a 
standstill, and further south, 
in Hastings, the royal couple 
were given a rousing welcome 
at a national Maori reception. 

But another demonstration 
involving a Maori activist 
occurred while they were trav- 
elling by car between the two 
towns. As the motorcade 
passed, a Maori man at the 
roadside raised his grass skirt 
to reveal his buttocks. 

Police said the royal entou- 
rage was travelling last and the 
gesture, supposedly a form of 
Maori insult, was not seen by 
the Queen. The protester was 
apparently not Mr Dun 
Mihaka, who has previously 
made similar protests. 

In Auckland, meanwhile, 
two women were appearing in 
the district court charged with 
assaulting the Queen, after the 
egg-throwing incident at 
EUeislie racecourse on Mon-: 

Miss Deborah Ley land, 
aged 22. and Miss Anne 
Thorby, aged 20, pleaded not 
guilty to assault and to disor- 
derly behaviour. They were 
remanded on bail of 
NZ$1,000 (about £360) each, 
with another surety of 

As they were led from the 
dock a man — reportedly Miss 
Ley land’s father — leapt from 
the public gallery', but was 
restrained by police. He was 
subsequently found to be car- 
rying an egg. 

At dinner on the royal yacht 
Britannia on Monday, Mr 
David Lange, the Prime Min- 
ister, apologized to the Queen 
on behalf of New Zealanders 
over the egg throwing which 
he had described earlier as 

Mr Lange was taken ill 
yesterday and was unable to 
attend the national Maori 
reception. The warmth qf the 

Unratified treaty 
source of trouble 

From Our Special Correspondent, Wellington 

The Treaty of Waitangi, 
which is the focus of the 
current protests on the royal 
tour, is the document by which 
Maori chiefs accepted annex- 
ation by the Crown of what is 
now New Zealand: or so, at 
least one side of the argument 

The other holds that the 
chiefs had no idea that they 
were ceding control of then- 
country to a foreign power at 
all — that they believed they 
were simply granting tempo- 
rary pastoral rights in ex- 
change for guarantees which 
meant they retained ultimate 
control of the land. 

Either way, the main (act to 
be made about the treaty is 
that it was never ratified 
because a decadp after it was 
signed, on February 6, 1840, 
the chief justice ruled it had no 
validity. The reason given for 
this was that it was not 

incorporated in New 
Zealand’s statutory law. 

The treaty has come to have 
a powerful symbolic effect in a 
new era of Maori political 
activism and militancy. 

A Waitangi tribunal has 
been appointed as a statutory 
body to deal with claims and 
appeals stemming from Maori 
grievances over issues covered 
by the treaty, such as land 
tenure and fishery resources. 

The treaty issue has also 
become a rallying cry for a 
number of fringe political 
groups, including IRA sympa- 
thizers. Aside from distinctly 
Maori demonstrations such as 
the bared-bottom aside, the 
present round of protests ap- 
pear to have featured mainly 
young whites, many of them 

The demonstrations have 
produced a Jew standard slo- 
gans including: “Honour the 
Treaty" and “Co Home Liz". 

Political and religious conflicts 

Border state tangle a 
headache for Gandhi 

From Out Own Correspondent, Delhi 


An emotional tangle of 
litical and religious con- 
icts in the sensitive border 
state of Jammu and Kashmir 
is providing a new set of 
headaches for the Prime Min- 
ister of India. Mr Rajiv Gan- 
dhi. who is already up to his 
neck in trouble with Sikh 
extremism, opposition to 
price rises, and internal con- 
flict within his own Congress 
(1) Party. 

Curfews have been clamped 
on the main towns of the 
Kashmir Valley. When the 
people or the summer capital. 
Srinagar, were allowed three 
hours of relief for essential 




m ! \ •AnantnBB-r - 




UTTAR>|p~>. i r 3 



shopping they celebrated by 
stoning police, who responded 
by shooting in the air. 

In Anamnag. where a Hin- 
du temple was burnt by a 
Muslim mob. the curfew was 
not relaxed, but a crowd of 
Kashmiri Brahmins violated 
the restrictions to protest at 
what they claimed was harass- 
ment and partiality by the 
largely Muslim police. 

The Border Security Force, 
a military-style police raised 
by the central government and 
therefore more acceptable to 
the Hindus who are in the 
minority in the state, held a 
“f lag march” — a threatening 
show of force - through the 
streets of the town. 

The state’s disturbed condi- 
tion is an extra burden for the 
embattled Chief Minister. Mr 
Ghulam Mohammed Shah, 
who moved this week from 
the winter capital Jammu, to 
Srinagar to be in closer touch 
with police and paramilitary 

His own position has been 
insecure since he took power 
two years ago with a govern- 
ment of turncoats from the 
elected government of the 
National Conference Party, 

supported by Mr Gandhi’s 
Congress. His ministry rapidly 
proved to be no better than the 
one it replaced, and the State 
Governor, Mr Jagmohan 
Melhotra. is reported to have 
been seeking an opportunity 
to dismiss him. 

The excuse could be found 
in bis failure to control the 
disturbances stimulated by the 
fundamentalist Muslim 
group, the Jammat-i- 
IslamLWbat h3S sparked the 
unrest not only in Kashmir 
but also in Uttar Pradesh, 
West Bengal. Delhi, and other 
areas where there is an uneasy 
interface between the two 
communities, is a court judg- 
ment this month opening a 
holy place in Uttar Pradesh, 
said to be the birthplace of 
Rama, to Hindu prayers. 

The Muslims, who have 
claimed the site since the 16th 
century, call it a “judicial 
coup”, and the paranoid feel- 
ings of the minority commu- 
nity have been whipped up by 
their mullahs into a fully- 
fledged sense of outrage. 

In Kashmir, where Die Hin- 
dus are in a minority, they 
have responded to Muslim 
violence with counter-attacks 
stimulated by the Hindu chau- 
vinist group Shiv Sena. In 
Jammu, where Hindus pre- 
dominate, the Muslims have 
been put on the defensive. 

Muslims in India have been 
feeling that their religion is 
under judicial attack, ever 
since a Supreme Court ruling 
insisting that a divorced Mus- 
lim wife is entitled to mainte- 
nance from her husband. The 
mullahs insist that ibis goes 
against the injunctions of the 
Koran, and a series of protests 
has led to new legislation 
being brought forward in Par- 

The legislation was grossly 
mishandled by the Govern- 
ment and the Speaker of the 
Lok Sabha has not so far 
allowed it to be tabled. The 
opposition, and women's and 
civil liberties groups, are upset 
at what they see as the 
illibcrality of the new legisla- 
tion. which puis ihe responsi- 
bility for the maintenance of 
divorced Muslim women on 
their families rather than on 
their husbands. 

There is renewed pressure 
for the establishment of a 
single civil code affecting all 
religions, which is prescribed 
in the Indian constitution but 
has never been formulated. 

welcome given to the royal 
couple at this event was said 
by Maori representatives to be 
a personal tribute to the 
Queen and the Duke. 

A number of tribes were 
represented, each issuing its 
greeting in the form of a 
speech by an elder followed by 
songs and dance. 

In one reference to the 
treaty died by the activists, 
one leader said: “Loyalty to 
the Crown is an integral part 
of the Treaty of Waitangi 
Here today we reaffirm that 

Another said that in times 
of change and turbulance 
there was a need for reassur- 
ance. “Your presence here as 
the Queen of New Zealand 
gives us that reassurance.” 

The Queen said in response 
that the Maori welcome was 
always a special and enjoyable 
part of visiting New Zealand. 
In a world where criticism of 
youth was so prevalent it was 
a pleasure to meet so many 
young people supporting their 

Today the Queen will at- 
tend the State Opening of 
Parliament in Wellington. 

Brazil halts drive 
for alcohol fuel 

Sao Paulo (AFP) — Brazil 
has stopped its national pro- 
gramme of producing sugar 
cane alcohol for fuelling road 

A ministerial meeting de- 
cided on Monday to stop the 
subsidized programme, 
launched in 1 975 after a jump 
in oil rates, in the light of the 
slump in crude oil prices in 
recent weeks. 

About 2.4 million of the 8.2 
million cars on Brazil's roads 
run on alcohol- Most new 
vehicles have alcohol instead 
of petrol engines and care have 

become cheaper to ran as 
motorists have been .paying 
less for alcohol than for oiL 

The ambitions .alcohol pro- 
gramme saved Brazil billions 
of dollars in foreign currency 
over the past few years but it 
was widely believed the costly 
subsidies could no longer be 
justified if crude oil rates 
continued at their present 
lower level. 

After the suspension, gov- 
ernment experts are to reap- 
praise the costs and benefits of 
the programme- 



Murcia, Spain (Renter) — A 
Spanish woman who ctefnwl 
she became pregnant after 
being raped has been given a 
six-month suspended prison 
sentence for having an illegal 

Murcia court officials said 
yesterday the woman was 
convicted because the rape 
allegation had not been prov- 

A woman found guilty of 
performing the abortion was 
jailed for 28 months. 

A law allowing abortion in 
the case of rape, malformation 
of the foetus or danger to the 
mother's life came into effect 
last August after a two-and-a- 
balf year struggle by the 
Socialist Government 

Air traffic 
delays end 

Madrid — Union leaders 
yesterday called off plans for 
industrial action by Spain's air 
traffic controllers after reach- 
ing agreement here in a long- 
standing dispute (Harry 
Debelius writes). 

The deal between the Direc- 
torate General of Civil Avia- 
tion and the Spanish 
Federation of Air Controllers' 
Associations provides for pay 
rises estimated by controllers 
at more than 9 per cent. 

It also ■ provides for joint 
working committees which 
will draw up regulations on air 
traffic control and controllers' 
rights and duties. 

A demand for an across-the- 
board monthly bonus was 

22% out of 
work in 

From Richard Wigg 

Unemployment in 'Spam, 
the worst among EEC coun- 
tries. reached 2.934.000 at the 
end of last year — 2 1.9 per cent 
of the active population — 
according to a new official 

The Socialist Government 
promised when it came to 
power in December 1982. and 
when unemployment was 
about 2,235.000. that it would 
create S00.000 new jobs: near- 
ly 700.000 people have since 
joined ihe ranks of the unem- 

The only small consolation 
for the Govenjmem in the 
latest figures is ih3t for the 
first lime since 1977, the 
number of new jobs created 
last vear reached more than 

According to a survey by the 
Organization for Economic 
Cooperation and Develop- 
ment (OECD). 44 per cent of 
young Spaniards of working 
age cannot find a 
job.compared with an OECD 
average of 16 per cent. The 
new figures were released as 
the official campaign began 
for Spain’s March 12 referen- 
dum on Nato. in which opin- 
ion polls say most Spaniards 
aged between 1 8 and 24 would 
vote to leave the alliance. 


The more yo 
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Television Cinema: David Robinson reports on awards in Berlin 



Cooking is tbe only domestic 
art to which British televison 
has taken with enthusiasm. 
Take Six Cooks (Channel 4) is 
a long overdue development in 
this field, a programme which 
aspires to be considerably 
more than a video recipe book. 
Here yon can meet the great 
chefs, visit their sparkling 
kitchens and have the oppor- 
tunity to acquire an entire 
vocabulary of cuisine poseur 
catch-phrases with which to 
impress dinner dates and si- 
lence uppity waiters. 

Last night's programme fea- 
tured Michael Nadeli, whose 

patisserie factory in Islington 

supplies many leading London 
restaurants including that of 
the House of Commons. 
"Nothing succeeds like ex- 
cess" is a good motto for this 
establishment; Mr Nadeli 
uses 9.000 eggs. 800 lbs of 
butter and 650 lbs of sugar in a 
week. No one has the bad taste 
to mention the word cholester- 
ol. It is comforting to know- 
that an eminent chef still 
works in imperial measures 
while the rest of the world goes 
madly metric. 

Tricks of the trade were 
given away with generosity. 
Nadeli 's crime patisserie is 
stablized with custard powder, 
a heresy which would make 
purer cooks squirm and groan 
“Ah. bis to" He uses 3 lbs of 
apples for a tarte aux pommes. 

The editing was snappy, and 
merry snatches of "The Dance 
of the Sugar-Plum Fairy" and 
other musical lollipops im- 
plied that the audience was 
supposed to be doing more 
than copying down lists of 

Earlier in the evening. More 
Thau Meets the Eye (Channel 
4) typified the older style of 
programme in this area. The 
topic of this new series is 
flowers and flower-arranging. 
The audience was instructed in 
how to make one of those 
infinitely vulgar triangular 
inflorescences normally found 
in the reception areas of hotels 
which have Muzak in their 

Worse, the presenter sug- 
gested that this represented 
the English style of flower- 
arrangement. She pronounced 
bouquet as bow-kay. She 
promised to teach ns every- 
thing “they never tell yon at 
the Women's Institute", a vile 
slur upon the standards of a 
fine grass-roots movement of 
domestic crafts-people. Any 
village church in the catch- 
ment area of the originating 
television company, the South- 
West. could produce a much 
higher standard of work. 

Celia Brayfield 

A collection of fascinating 
bits and unrelated pieces 

The Berlin jury clearly had a tough 
lime finding a Grand Prix winner, 
and the award of Lhe Golden Bear 
to Reinhard HaufTs Siammheim 
was announced with the qualifica- 
tion that it was “a majority 
decision after a controversial 
discussion". The award risked 
inviting a repetition of the distur- 
bances that attended the festival 
screening of the film and simulta- 
neous openings in other German 
cities. Eleven years after the event, 
ihe subjeci — a reconstruction of 
the Baader-Mainhof trials - clearly 
still excites high passions. 

The member of the jury most 
upset by the award to Siammheim 
was apparently the president. Gina 
Lollobrigida. who no doubt would 
have favoured the runner-up. La 
messa 4 finite, written and directed 
by her fellow-countryman Nanni 
Moretti. who is also the star of the 
film. Moretti is certainly an engag- 
ing talent, and his film is full of 
funny, sardonic, skilfully handled 
scenes. He never quite manages to 
assemble the scenes into a whole 
structure, however, or to follow 
through his story of a young priest 
who comes to a new parish and 
finds friends, family and flock all 
equally resistant to the spiritual 
help he tries to olTer. 

Comparable structural failure 
seemed to characterize nine out of 
ten films in the com petition, and it 
sometimes became hard to avoid a 
panicky sense that the art of 
screenplay-writing has become ex- 
tin cl The very notion of structure 
seems forgotten: though it is hard 
to decide whether this is a result of 
television's endemic shattering of 
concentration or of the period in 
the late Seventies when "linear 
narrative" — plain story-telling — 
was regarded as a demeaning 
pursuit for the film artist. In any 
evenu the effect is that the majority 
of films screened nowadays in an 
international competition such as 
Berlin have the appearance of 


GOLDEN BEAR: Siammheim (Reinhard Hauff, West 
Germany, starring Therfcse- Affolter as Ulrike Meinhof, 
pictured right) 

SILVER BEAR: La messa e Jinita (N anni Moretti, Italy) 

BEST DIRECTOR: Georgii Shengelaya (. Tourney of a Young 
Composer. Soviet Georgia) 

BEST ACTOR: Tuncel Kurtiz {The Smile of the Lamb. Israel) 

BEST ACTRESS: Marcelia Cartaxo {A Horn da Estrela, 
Brazil) and Charlotte Valandrey {Rouge Baiser , France) 

SILVER BEAR for “perfection of style”: Gonza the Spearman 
(Masahiro Shinoda, Japan) 

SILVER BEAR for “visual conception”: Caravaggio (Derek 
Jarman, Great Britain) 

SPECIAL MENTION: Paso Doble (Dan Pita, Romania) 

GOLDEN BEAR, short subject Tom Goes to the Bar (Dean 
ParisoL USA) 

SILVER BEAR, short subject: Augusta Feeds (Csaba Varga, 

dumps of high-quality but unrelat- 
ed spare parts. 

The outstanding exception was 
the Japanese Masahiro Shinoda's 
Gonza Che Spearman, which was 
awarded a Silver Bear for its 
"perfection of style". Significantly 
Shinoda had the advantage of 
working with a well-proven writer, 
even though he happens to have 
died 260 years ago: allowing for 
linguistic modernization. Gonza 
the Spearman is a fairly faithfiil 
adaptation of a play by Monzae- 
mon Chikamatsu. who is often 
styled "the Japanese Shakespeare”, 
though a closer European compari- 
son would probably be Racine. 

The story is the tragedy of a 
couple falsely accused of adultery, 
who are forced to flee the inevitable 
retribution and who fell truly in 
love in the course of their flight 

Shinoda does not aspire to the high 
poetic charge of Mizoguchi's clas- 
sic film interpretations of 
Chikamatsu but. after some rather 
demanding and talky establishing 
scenes, the film accelerates to a 
dynamic, bloody and tragic climax, 
staged with mastery. 

Having won two Golden Bears 
in the past four years (with 
.Ascendancy and H ’etherby). Great 
Britain this year took a Silver Bear 
for the "visual conception" of 
Derek Jarman's Caravaggio. The 
prize is welcome recognition both 
of the small-budget Him of high 
ambition and of the British Film 
Institute's Production Fund, which 
financed Ascendancy and (in asso- 
ciation with Channel 4) Caravag- 

The acting prizes enabled the 
judges to recognize merits in films 

which overall belonged to the 
“disconnected parts” category. 
Susan a Amaral's debut feature A 
Hora da Estre/a ( The Hour of the 
Star) is a study of a simple, 
uneducated, graceless girl trying to 
make something of herself in the 
unfriendly big city. Shimon 
Dolan’s The Smile of the Lamb, 
from Israel, is no doubt politically 
courageous for its story of the 
opposition of a hard-line army 
officer and his liberal comrade, and 
the liberal's friendship with the 
wise fool of a Palestinian Arab 
community; but the film as a whole 
gave the disconcerting impression 
of being only parts taken from a 
longer work. 

Palestine is also the setting for 
L'Aube, a Franco- Israeli co-pro- 
duction, directed by the Hungarian 
Miklos Jancso. Scripted by an 

' Israeli historian, Eli Wiese!, and set 
in the 1940s, it describes tbe 
agonized night of a young Jewish 
resistance fighter, knowing that at 
dawn he must, kill a hostage, an 
officer in the British occupation 
army (Michael York). It is strange 
to find Jancso’ s characteristic style 
of long takes and an endlessly 
prowling camera translated from 
the Hungarian Puszia to this very 
different setting, and altered only 
to the extent of being much more in 
close-up. The veteran French cam- 
eraman Raoul Coutard. it seems, 
could not get on with Jancso’s 
methods and was replaced by his 
assistant. Arm and Marco. The 
result is superficially stylish, but 
dead at the centre. 

Another famous name which 
appeared unrewarded in Beilin was 
Ingmar Bergman. His 14-minute 

short Karin's Face is a portrait- 
biography of his now-dead mother, 
created out of family photographs, 
linked with titles and a piano score. 
It is a tribute to Bellman's mastery 
that out of such simple materials he 
has made a highly personal and 
very moving documenL Alas, it 
does not do to display things that 
are too private and delicate m the 
market-place: the rough Berlin 
audience found it too slow and 
simple, and laughed and cat-called 
and at the end booed. 

• David Robinson, film critic of 
The Times, is the first winner of the 
Roger MacheU Prize for the best 
book of the year on the performing 
arts. The award of £2,000 has been 
given him for Chaplin, his Life and 
Art, published by ' Collins last 

viv«iVfUiauuu wi uuiu uouu VA^cuia auu y i uiLUl 

Feast of the august baroque 

What to perform with 
Purcell’s Dido and Aeneas has 
been a problem from at least 
as far back as the first revival, 
in 1 700. when the opera was 
inserted as a masque into 
Measure for Measure. Perhaps 
the best solution would be to 
find a suitable companion 

The result is a full-length 
entertainment, called by Pizzi 
He/ giorno di Santa Cecilia 
and set in a barrel-vaulted 
chamber whose austerity rath- 
er nicely shows up the splen- 
diferous costumes and frill 
wigs of all the instrumental- 
ists. singers and dancers who 

, . , . . ■ aim. HliU UB11VVIJ WHU 

piece, which I think is possi- gather together by candlelighu 
ble. but meanwhile Pier Luigi Conducted by Charles Fam- 
rizzi has had the ingenious combe, it is another feast of 

Nicolas Rivenq: providing 
all (he right sounds 

idea of presenting Dido and 
Aeneas as the chief glory in a 
celebration of Saint Cecilia, 
the context being provided bv 
Purcell’s 1692 ode. 


A Taste of Orton 

King's Head 

A mere Sloane’s throw from 

the public library where Joe _ 

Orton and Kenneth Halliwell entertainment devised by Paul 

hoH V hoi r fnmnne m itrii nrl.»r_ T rtmll ~ ^ A.i 

flat while the more celebrated 
of the defaced dust-wrappers 
(which have earned a two- 
page spread in so august a 
journal as Taller ) are present- 
ed on colour slides to illustrate 
the first half of the evening. 

Gorilla in the Roses. 


had their famous misunder- 
standing with the authorities 
over the defacement of dust- 
wrappers, the Docklands The- 
atre Company has revived the 
double bill first given at the 
Young Vic Studio last month. 

The King’s Head’s stage 
walls represent the mural col- 
lage of 1.673 “borrowed” art- 
book plates which the police 
found in the lovers' Islington 

Tomlinson from Orton's 
miscellania — much of it 
familiar from John Lahr's 
biography Prick Up Your 
Ears, some of it never pub- 
lished - is instinct with the 
spirit of Panic mischief. Ap- 
propriately enough, its struc- 
ture is a montage of excerpts 
from the lovers’ trial, from the 
Lord Chamberlain's hilarious 
strictures on the more bias- 


A comedy 



Directed by 



Now Previewing 

Opens March 6 



BOX OFFICE 01-437 1592 

RSC/Royal Insurance 

phemous and salacious sec- 
tions of the plays, and from 
Orton's farcical interviews 
with the US Embassy over his 
application for a visa. 

We are also treated to 
generous helpings of his 
pseudonymous correspon- 
dence. The inspirational fig- 
ure of Edna Wellthorpe (Mrs), 
the playwright's moralistic, 
(and fictitious) alter ego, inev- 
itably dominates this drama- 
tized recital, and Penny 
Jones's tone of exasperation 
when, at the climax of a 
tangled correspondence with a 
catalogue firm, she explodes 
"W’ill you please slop sending 
letters!" is quite perfecL 

Funeral Games is a savage 
and frequently bleak anti- 
clerical diatribe which on 
stage seems to want the per- 
ceptual enclosure of televi- 
sion. which is where it began 
life in 1968. There are few 
genuine belly-laughs among 
the epigrammatic backchau 
despite the farcical plou with 
its bogus bishop straining to 
refute the allegation that he 
did not murder his wife and its 
notorious episode of the hu- 
man hand in a Dundee cake- 
lin. this is Orton in his 
polemic mode. “There must 
be hundreds of innocent peo- 
ple in this country" is a highly 
serious line. 

Of the four-strong compa- 
ny. again directed by Paul 
Tomlinson. Tony Kenway 
brings a wealth of exaggerated 
nervousness to his role of the 
genuine wife-killer Mc- 
Corquodale. and John Ashton 
is well cast as the burglarious 
photographers model Caul- 

Martin Cropper 

the august baroque from the 
team responsible for last 
year s Rinaldo in Reggio. 

The ceremonious stalking 
and the stiff, heroic attitudes 
are familiar from Pizzi *s pro- 
ductions, and they suit Purcell 
as well as they do HandeL 
They add to the adultness of 
the opera - as, it must be said, 
does the poor audibility given 
to the text by an entirely non- 
Engl i sh-s peaking cast (could 
no British singers be found to 
join what was, 1 understand, a 
largely British orchestra?). An- 
other virtue of the production, 
proceeding from the staging of 
Dido as a play within a play, is 
the simultaneous presence of 
everyone on stage. The danc- 
ers can thus step briskly 
forward for their brief mo- 
ments: and where more priva- 
cy is required, as it is for 
Dido's lamenL the crowd can 
melt away and a little space be 
defined by a piece of furniture. 

Also, to play Dido as a 1 7th- 
century piece immediately 
provides an explanation for its 
being the way it is: a mode of 
understanding and apprecia- 
tion has already been estab- 
lished by what has been seen 
and heard of the St Cecilia 
ode. The corollary must be 
that the producer does not 
thoughtlessly exceed the 
bounds of an imaginary 1690s, 
and Pizzi does so only once, 
when the Sailors' Dance is 
curiously performed by girls 
swinging censers. Unless this 
is a sop to local anti-derical- 
ism, I cannot think what it is. 
The machine for Mercury is 
also a mile crude. 

The staging of Hail, bright 
Cecil in.' is also effective. There 
is a studiedly quiet, gently 
excited milling about that 
keeps the stage picture alive, 
coupled with special moments 
like the coronation of one of 
the sopranos as Saim Cecilia 
or the unfolding of screens to 

reveal the pipework of the 
“wondrous machine”. Many 
of the soloists are those who 
will later take part in the 
opera: the Saint Cecilia, for 
instance, becomes Belinda, 
and then returns to her earlier 
role in order to be installed in 
apotheosis during the final 
chorus of the ode. 

Pizzi also follows contem- 
porary reports in giving the 
big solo “Tis nature’s voice” 
to someone dressed as the 
composer, though it is odd a 
female alto (Nathalie Stutz- 
mann) should have been cho- 
sen for this role, and odder 
still to see the supposed 
Purcell cloak himself in dull 
purple in order to sing the part 
of the Sorceress. Much more 
likely is the extolling of “all 
the harmony of war” by a 
woman who, when the 
Cecil ian ode has stopped here, 
will go on to play Dido: at this 
same point Pizzi stages an 
effect of marvellously outra- 
geous pomposity when mim- 
ing trumpeters stride on 
wearing sackbuts as helmets. 
Not for the first or last time, 
his surge invention is stimulat- 
ed by the images of musical 
instruments in 17th-century 

It is unfortunate that the 
magnificent look of the thing, 
and the bold success of the 
Cecilia-Dido-Cecilia sand- 
wich, should not be given 
sufficient musical body by the 
casL 1 have already mentioned 
the virtual disappearance of 
the words — especially in the 
singing of Margarita Zimmer- 
mann as Dido — as an 
advantage, but one does need 
the consonantal sounds for 
Purcell's lines to thrust them- 
selves through and tug againsL 
Here only Nicolas Rivenq as 
Aeneas provides those sounds 
and. much as one might 
admire, say, the silveriness of 
Fiorella Pediconi as Cecilia- 
Belinda, something is wrong 
when Purcell does not sound 
gnashingly English. 

But then in justice one has 
to ask oneself how well Italian 
is sung in Leeds or Cardiff. 
The final record can only be 
one of pleasure when Reggio 
has done so much to show us 
how to stage one of the very 
few operatic masterpieces in 
our language. 

St John’s/Radio 3 

This European Broadcasting 
Union concert, which was 
transmitted live to 1 1 nations 
and will be heard later in six 
more, including Canada and 
the United States, was a 
propagandist's dream. The 
BBC were shown at their most 
enterprising; the indefatigable 
London Sinfonietta played tbe 
music as if it was second 
nature (and there were a 
couple of excellent soloists 
into the bargain); and some- 
one. somewhere, managed to 
get the composers themselves 
to conduct 

Those composers also hap- 
pened to be the creators of 
some of the most individual 
yet approachable music to 
come from Europe since the 
Second World War. For one of 
them, Hans Werner Henze, 
the event formed a slightly 
premature celebration of his 
sixtieth birthday. Nearly 20 
years separate his cantata 
Being Beauteous, composed in 
1963, and Le Miracle de la 
rose . the “imaginary theatre” 
piece of 1 98 1. But the juxtapo- 
sition of the two showed that, 
despite the intrusion of self- 

conscious avant-gardism and 
sometimes naive political in- 
fluence in the late 1960s, the 
essentially expressive intent of 
his language has hardly 


Moreover, both are pieces 
that make use of the most 
opulent sounds, in the case of 
Being Beauteous those of four 
cellos, which engage them- 
selves in richly overlapping 
textures or in solemn Bachian 
chorales* and a harp. Rim- 
baud's text is given to a 
coloratura soprano,, here Sa- 
rah Leonard, who sang exqui- 
sitely and, considering the 
music's sometimes formida- 
bly high register, daringly too. 
Her pitch-sense was well-nigh 
perfect, but she was also able 
to mould her phrases into 
long, malleable lines, adorning 
perfectly the darkly, bizarrely 
beautiful words. 

In this piece Henze's form is 
more or less dictated to him 
by the existence of separate 
stanzas, between which he 
inserts instrumental episodes. 

In the Genet-inspired Le Mir- 
acle de la rose, however, he 
sets himself an altogether 
more difficult formal prob- 
lem, for this is narrative 
music, attempting to follow 
and interpret the unfolding 
events of the noveL With the 
landmarks pointed out, and 

with a score to aid one's 
concentration, it becomes 
very much more than an 
indulgent piece of virtuoso 
writing, which it is for ail 
concerned. Unwieldy its shape 
may be, but its sinister beau- 
ties are, in the end, irresistible, 
particularly so when the solo- 
ist is of the calibre of Michael 
Collins. He gave a display of 
awesomely innate musician- 
ship and a technical prowess 
that was well-nigh absolute. 

The second composer was 
Witold Lutoslawski, whose 
life’s work may be seen as a 
preoccupation with perfecting 
musical shapes. Certainly his 
Chain I, written for this 
ensemble in 1983, is a satisfy- 
ing form, on one level based 
upon the non-coincident divi- 
sion of two strands of music, 
but on another simply the 
time-honoured sequence of 
beginning, middle and climac- 
tic end. Another marvellous 
performance; as was that, with 
Marie Slorach and the Sin- 
fonietta Chorus, of his Seven- 
teen Polish Christmas Carols, 
orchestrations of settings first 
made 40 years ago. Overlong, 
perhaps, but for the oppressed 
Poles surely of the greatest 

Stephen Pettitt 

After a slow movement of 
songlike exchanges which 
were disturbed towards the 
end by the percussive key- 
board chords, the violinist 
produced some wiriness of 
tone at times, giving a disarm- 



St John's/Radio 3 

Igor Oistrakh was unusually 

incisive in his application of mg effect of clucking hens in 
bow to violin strings in his the scherzo movemenL He 
BBC lunchtime concert on continued to snatch at the 
Monday, with Natalia Zert- notes in the final s as well 
saloya as his piano partner, imparting a sense of abrupt- 
Their spirited and often vi- ness to the phrasing in relation 
brant performance of two to the piano, and gathering 
contrasting Beethoven sonatas momentum towards a scam- 
can be heard again on Radio 3 — “ ' ' 
next Sunday. 

Beginning with the C minor 
Sonata, Op 30 No 2, the 
violinist's assertive attack 
stressed the martial aspect of 
the dotted rhythm in the 
second subjeci of the opening 

movemenL adding a touch 
fierceness to the music's un- 
derlying tension. The pianist 
who takes share and share 
about with the melodic ideas, 
matched her partner in a 
subtle control of dynamic 
shading to colour the general 
urgency of spirit and turbulent 






® _ 

© “The huge imagination of 

Peter Shaffer is one of the 
glories of the modern stage 1 

(D Telegraph) 


Olivier: Tonight at 7.15 & 2 

Tomor at 2.00 & 7.15. 

Then March 19. 20(m&el ^ 

Credit C ar ds. ~ 

&M01&2gZ252 Standby: any unsold seats at IbW pneei 

. . :“‘ s .4 from 1 hours be fore performance 








iALDWYCHnem 236 6404/379 62331 

' ‘^in5t^;vrrH)a4yiC50fii)W(yii» 1 


pering finish. 

The “Spring" Sonata. Op 24 

in F, was beguiling in its 
reposeful contrast, with the 
pianist keeping a low profile, 
but the repeat of the exposi- 
tion in the first movement was 
well taken. During the follow- 
ing adagio the players in- 
diuged m some wayward 
nibato. as if pursuing indepen- 
dent courses in advance of 
that humorous aspect of the 
scherzo, but in the carefree 
tinale their reciprocity of style 
was heard at its besL 

Noel Goodwin 

MODERN ART 1945-1985 

19 February-27 April 

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Drawing the thorns in Labour’s 

Today Labour's NEC will decide whether to 
take on Militant Peter Davenport profiles 
the 10 members who stand to be ousted 
and looks at the consequences for the party 



If anyone in the Labour Party 
leadership still nurtures the hope 
that Militant is simply going to 
fade away, he or she is in for a 
shock. Il’is becoming clear that 
cum if they are expelled. Liver- 
pool Militant members may con- 
tinue to be issued with party cards 
and selected as election candidates 
by their constituency parties. 

'Militant and their supportere 
are confident that any decision to 
expel members will not be accept- 
ed by the rank and file of the city. 
Indeed, the wards to which Derek 
Hatton and Tony Mutheam 
belong have already voted against 
their potential expulsion. 

When individuals have been 
expelled in the past, their local 
parties have continued 10 issue 
them with cards and the NEC has 
failed to act. but this time, with so 
many recommended expulsions 
and such intense may 
not be able to turn a blind eye and 
could find itself having to disband 
constituency and ward organiza- 

One anti-Mililant activist in 
Liverpool suggested \esterday. 
however, that Militant would not 
push the NEC that far. since in 
doing so it would be endangering 
the \ cry constituency parties 
where the tendency was strongest. 

Militant in Liverpool was start- 
ed by a group of young Trotskyists 
in the Walton Labour Party youth 
section. It remains the 
organization's most formidable 
power base and Labour's prickli- 
est thorn. Many of its members 
have been drawn to Militant by 
the belief that Labour under its 
traditional leadership would not 
make the wholesale changes in 
society they wanted. 

When the 26 members of 
Labour's national executive com- 
mittee assemble shortly after 
breakfast today to consider the 
report on the activities in Liver- 
pool. they will face a noisy 
demonstration outside the party's 

Walworth Road headquarters and 
some unappetizing decisions in- 

If they fail to act decisively they 
will dismay and disillusion many 
moderate Labour voters who have 
been waiting for the deeds to 
match Neil Kin nock's bold 
Bournemouth words. 

If they accept the recommenda- 
tions of their nine-person inquiry 
team, which calls for the expulsion 
of 10 leading Militants and the 
reprimanding of at least six others, 
they will open the way to further 
internal blood-letting in the run- 
up to the Genera! Election. Mr 
Kinnock made ii clear again this 
week that, despite certain opposi- 
tion from such as Eric Heifer and 
Tony Bcnn. he backs the expul- 
sion option. 

Militant's members, mean- 
while. are determined to resist 
being despatched into exile, and 
plan a national campaign through 
Labour's grass-roots organizations 
to combat expulsion. It will 
culminate at the annual confer- 
ence. at which any members 
ordered out have the right of 

One Labour Party official in the 
North-west who will be responsi- 
ble for any new party organization 
in Liverpool said*. ~lv*s like a game 
of snooker. Vou play your first 
shot with an eye on the second." 

The risk for Mr Kinnock and 
the Labour leadership was 
summed up by one of the men 
who expects to be recommended 
for expulsion (they will all first be 
called to a further NEC meeting 
next month to answer 
charges):“This is a recipe for civil 
war in the Labour Party. 1 will 
refuse simply to go away from the 
party l joined, as will the others. 
Expulsions could backfire against 
Kinnock. If they expel good 
socialists they will make them 
heroes to the' working class and 
Militant support will grow." 


Aged 48. Member of 
Liverpool City Council. He is 

president of the 
suspended District Labour 
Party and has been a 
councillor for two years. 
Aged 46, married with five 
children, he is said to wield 
much influence within 
Militant. He is currently 
challenging Robert Kilroy 
Silk for the Labour 
nomination in Knowsley 
North although the 
reselection is in suspension. 


Aged 38. Former fireman, 
now deputy leader of 
Liverpool City Council. 

Hatton became the pubfic 
face of Militant in 
Liverpool during the financial 
confrontation with the 
Government that took the city 
to the brink of bankruptcy. 
With his sharp suits and 
hectoring manner he has 
commanded headlines and 
television screens, 
although his style is not 
universally popular with 

colleagues. He fs an oW boy 
of Liverpool Institute, the 
school attended by Paul 
McCartney^ Labour 
councillor since 1979, he is 
married with four children. 
Hatton lives in ChikJwali and 
is employed as a £1 1 ,000- 
a-year liaison officer 
byknowsley Borough 
Council. The Director of 
Public Prosecutions is 
currently studying a police 
reportof an investigation 
into Hatton's expenses 
claims as a city councillor. 


Aged 35. Member of 
Liverpool City Council. She is 
the third councillor to face 
the threat of expulsion and is 
secretary of the District 
Labour Party. Since her 
election as a councillor for 
Speke ward in 1984, she has 
worked full time on 
council matters. A former 
teacher and an NUT 
branch secretary, she has 
been a leading mover in 
the major reorganization of 
schools in Liverpool. 



Aged 35. Lowes is a 
craftsman arboriculturist 
employed by Liverpool 
City Council and rose to 
prominence as chairman 
of the joint shop steward 
committee who tried (but 
tailed) to dose the dty down 
with an afl-out strike of the 
31 .000 strong local authority 
workforce last year in the 
financial confrontation with 
the Government 
He is married to Pauline 
Dunlop, a Militant-supporting 
city councillor recently de- 
selected by her ward. Lowes, 
who has been in the 
Labour Party for eight years, 
is a member of the DLP 

34, he is convenor 
the powerful Branch Five 
of the General. Municipal. 

Boilermakers and Allied 
Trades Unions in 
Liverpool and created the 
“leper colony’* of councfl 
workers exiled to lowly jobs 
for refusing to toe the 
Militant line. 


She and Venton have a 
15-month-old son. She is a 
member of the district 
Labour Party executive and 
the Labour Party Young 
Socialists. She is also an 
organizer for FELLS, the 
Further Education Labour 
Students Society, a 
Militant organization. 

She was election agent 
for Terry Fields when he 
fought and won the 
Broadgreen seat and she 
still acts as constituency 
agent She is a member of 
the DLP executive and is 
described as “hard-line’’. 
She has been a Labour 
Party member for 13 years. 

Aged 47. Merseyside . 
representative on Militant 
central committee. . He is 
-thayica presktem of the- 

suspended District : 

Labour Party and also Its 
press officer. He is on the 
Militant central committee 
and virtually a futLtima 


A former baSemaker. he 
was one of the founders of 
Mifitant in the middle . 


wortcer . Hejoined the Labour 
Party in 1970, and has 
been a DLP detegatefor 10 
^ears. He re ^e^r tethe ^ . 

TeiTyfwldS MFVwho 00 ^ ’ • 

supp orts M ilitant Knights ; -^s- 

LiverpM?3rtver^^^^ is ' . 
married with two cretdren. 

He is said to be Mutant’s .* 
industrial organizer on . 


Aged 33. Full-time Militant 
worker. He joined toe Labour 
Party in 1971. when he left 
his native County Fermanagh 
to read English, pofitics 
and mathematics at Liverpool 
University. Later he 
became an Encash teacher in 
Kirby. His ihvofvenient 
with Militant began in 7973. A 
member of the Liverpool . 
LabourParty, he is an 
MilHant'spentral " 

com mi ttee. 


His marriage to Josie is . 
his second. He has been m V 
the Labour Party since . 
1964. He writes regularly for 
the Mfiitant newspaper 
and works in its office in 
Liverpool f n the earty ' 

1970s he was a shop 
steward at the now . 
defunct English Electric 
factory in Liverpool, 
where he helped to organize 
an unsuccessful sit-in 
against closure plans. * 

Playing Hamlet at the Nation- 
al or making love to Meryl 
Streep in the movies is the 
stuff of actors' dreams. The 
cruel reality is more likely lo 
be bit parts in Brooksidc or 
understudying pantomime 
horses. Interspersed « ith 
months oot of work. 

During those endless peri- 
ods of “resting" actors have 
traditionally blamed the leth- 
argy' of their agents for their 
inexplicable failure to be up 
there with the greats. 

In the past few years, how- 
ever. some actors have set oot 
to prove (hey really can do 
better by forming their own 
agencies. A boat 30 actors* co- 
operatives operate from 
backrooms in a variety of 
undesirable addresses, try ing 
to compete with plush West 
End theatrical agencies for the 
all-loo-scarce work. With be- 
tween 75 to 80 per cent of 
Britain's 30,000 actors out of 
work ' the proliferation of 
actors' own agencies has been 
cynically described as the one 
growth area of the industry. 

A tough 
act to 

The artistes take it in torn to 
man the office and to sell one 
another to casting directors 
and producers. Robin Browne. 
41, w ho used to play Rusty the 
postman in Crossroads, is a 
founder member of 1984 Per- 
sonal Management “You can- 
not believe you are the most 
important person in the 
world" he said.“I get a great 
kick out of getting other 
people work." 

His agency has 15 members. 
One is in (be mosical Mutiny 
and another is in the television 
series Brat FaiTar. Altogether 
half of them are working — a 
very high percentage in their 
insecure world. 

Members of another cooper- 
ative, Focus Management. 

also believe they can bring in 
work. They' cite member Ar- 
thur Bostrom who plays 
Crabtree in the BBC comedy 
‘Ailo. ~AIIo. They were all 
delighted when Arthur recent- 
ly appeared on the front cover 
of Radio Times. 

Success, however, has its 
dangers. Jnlie Walters used to 
be a member of the co- 
operative Actorran before she 
went on to star in films like 
Educating Rita with Michael 
Caine.. Now she has a conven- 
tional agent 

Ironically, co-operative 
members are beginning to 
appreciate how hard their 
former agents might have been 
working. - Robin Browne 
sa»d:“Ofteo 4.000 actors are 
chasing a single job. and 10 
per cent of them would all do it 
equally well. Like every actor 
I thought that agents sat on 
their backsides and did noth- 
ing for their 12 per cent pins 
VAT. Now I realize that they 
■ do work for actors and care." 

Jenny Knight 

The music industry's tardy response to compact disc has led to some anomalies in the outp ut 

The sharp sound of discord * 


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Gayfoid 53316 for enquiries octy. 

Next month marks the third 
anniversary of the launch of 
compact discs and the alleged 
death-knell of the black vinyl 
LP. While the CD has lived up 
to many of its expectations, 
you still cannot buy the major 
recordings of the Beatles and 
you will not be able to do so 
until well into 1987. 

Nor are there CDs of Frank 
Sinatra or Nat King Cole, and 
precious littleWues or folk or 
reggae or Stockhausen or Gil- 
bert and Sullivan operas. 

On the other hand, there are 
approximately 4.000 pop. jazz 
and classical titles in the UK 
catalogue, and a further 3,000 
can be obtained through im- 
port services. Among these is 
the mainstream classical rep- 
ertoire as well as a host of 
wonderfully obscure and even 
pre-war recordings. 

*- -In addition, there are nearly 
40 different -..recordings of 
James Last and his. orchestra, 
the classic Miles Davis record- 
ing Ascenseur pour 
L ’Ecliafaud. and Maria CaJlas 
singing Tosco. 

There seems to be little 
rhyme or reason for the music 
that has been transferred to 
CD and the 'music that has 
not. But the confusion that 
exists — and it will continue 
for at least another two years 
— is not the result of a devious 
marketing ploy. It is the 
evidence of a world-wide bot- 
tleneck in manufacturing ca- 
pacity caused by the slow 
response of industry to the 
new technology. 

“I still find it difficult lo 
believe that three years on 
there is still only one CD 
manufacturing plant in the 
UK — which has traditionally 
been a world leader in music", 
said Stephen Walters, owner 
ofEarthshaicer. one of the first 
London record shops to turn 
completely to CD. 

EMI is a classic example of 
3 leading company hamstrung 
by its own initial caution 
towards CD. Its plant in 
Swindon will not come on line 
until the summer. Until then 
it has to accept the crumbs of 
production from the table of 
existing plants in Japan, Ger- 
many and the United States. 
The company, which has a 
classical LP catalogue of ! .000 
titles, has taken three years to 
reach the total of 130 classical 
CDs - and a fair number of 
these are frequently out of 

A very different situation 
exists at Polydor. one of tbe 
pop companies of Polygram, 
which was part of the consor- 
tium that developed the com- 
pact disc technology- From a 
pop catalogue of S00 LPs. 280 
are on CD. But EMI. CBS, 
RCA. WE A. not to mention 
the independents, are paying 
the price of their slow accep- 
tance of the new system. Every 
month. EMI can release on 
average only six classical and 
eight pop titles. Most of the 
top pop groups have come to 
an agreement over CD royaL 


1 Brothers in Arms 

2 No Jacket Required 

3 Be Yourself Tonight 

3 Whitney Houston 

4 Hounds of Love 

6 Hunting High and Low 

7 World Machine 

8 Dream of the Blue Turtles 

9 Island Life 

10 The Broadway Album 

Dire Shafts, Veirtigdr 
Phil Coflins, Virgin 
Eurythmics, RCA 
Whitney Houston. Arista 
■ Kate Bush, EMI 
A-ha, Warner Broth ers . 

Level 42^ Polydor 
Sting. A&M 
Grace Jones. Island 
Barbra Streisand. CBS 

Chart by courtesy d Mac Week. Spotfegtt PuMcaiions 

Mark Knopfler: 
• Dire Straits 


T Elgar Violin Concerto 

2 Four Seasons, Vivaldi 

3 Faure Requiem 

4 Beethoven Symphony no 9 

5 Elgar Ceflo Concerto 

6 The Best of Dommgo 

7 Solomon, Handel 

8 Rachmaninov Second Symphony 

9 Mozart Horn Concertos 

10 Bach Mass in B minor- 

. Nigel Kennedy. LPO, Handley 
Christopher Hogwood 
City of London Sinfonia, Rutter 
Von Karajan 
Du Pro (Sea Pictures, Janet Baker) 
Pladdo Domingo 
. Gardiner 
• • Zukwman 

Nigel Kenned* 


1 The Unforgettable 

2 Star People 

3 Johnny Mercer Song Book 

4 Offramp 

5 The Cat 

6 The Best Is Yet To Come 

7 The Rogers And Hart Song Book 

8 Real Life Hits 

9 Decoy 

10 Kohl Concert 

Glenn Miller 
Mites Davis 
Elia Fitzgerald 
Pat Metheny 
Jimmy Smith 
Grower Washington 
Sarah Vaughan 
Gary Burton 
Miles Davis 
Keith Jarrett 

Chart oompM by HUV. Orfcrd Street 

Glenn Miller 

ties, but the Beatles are hold- 
ing out for a better deal. 
“Discussions • are still 
continuing”, said David 
Hughes, director of strategic 
marketing at EMI. 

If the truth be told, EMI is 
in no great hurry to reach a 
settlement It simply does not 
have the pressing capacity to 
meet the enormous world- 
wide demand that would be 
created by the release of 
Sergeant Pepper and the rest. 

A serious dearth 
of English music 

This was clearly illustrated 
by the curious affair of the 
Abbey Road CDs. With char- 
acteristic Japanese acumen, 
Toshiba EMI pressed a few 
thousand CDs of Abbey Road. 
and they were sold in the UK 
a l the extraordinary price of 
£20. Stephen Walters at Earth- 
shaker reported little difficulty 
in selling them — until EMI 
U K heard about it and swiftly 
closed the source. 

But even the Polygram 
record group (which includes 
the classical label Deutsche 
GrammophonL Decca and 
Philips are affected by the 
shortage in CD capacity. This 
is the result of a long-term 
view of CD rather than swift 
short-term profit-taking, 

"It would have been easy to 
go for high volume of the 
plums oT the recording 
industry", said Peter Scaping. 

general manager of die British 
Phonographic Industry Soci- 
ety. "Instead, it was decided to 
go for a wide repertoire in- 
volving other companies as 
well as Polygram, in order to 
further the long-term interest 
of CD itself". 

Thus, apart from totally 
satiating James Last's fans, 
there is a good range of pop 
though it is dominated by the 
adult-orientated rock- such as 
Dire Straits. Pink Floyd and 
Elton John - party, perhaps, 
because this is the market with 
the purchasing power to buy 
CDs. There is also at least one 
CD of Jimi Hendrix, Joni 
MitcheH, Depeche Mode, Cul- 
ture Cub, Bob Marley and 
Yes. . 

There is growing choice in 
jazz, too. While hardline jazz 
collectors will remain unsatis- 
fied, there are CDs of John 
Coltrane, Gifford Brown, 
Chick Corea, Count Basie, 
Duke Ellington. Glen Miller, 
Charlie Parker and Dizzie 
Gillespie coming in March. 

Classical music has largely 
done well from these early 
days of CD. In the UK 
catalogue alone, there are 
2.400 classical releases as 
against 1.600 pop and jazz — 
even though classical music 
traditionally represents only 8 
per cent of the. total market 

Bat there are still important 
omissions, including a serious 
dearth. of English musia This 
is mainly because it lacks 
international safes appeal — 
one of the few consistent 

criteria of CD repertoire 
choice. There is no CD of 
Elgar's Dream of Geronlius, or 
Walton's Belshazzar's Feast, 
and no Tippett. 

But the marvellously eccen- 
tric release of the 1935 record- 
ing of Stephan e Grappelli and 
Django Reinhardt at the Hot 
Club of Paris illustrates an 
important point about CD. 

People are prepared to pay 
CD prices For favourite re. 

co/jjings even if they sound 
; just- like a 78rpm record. 

~ purely for the convenience of 
■having them in the new 

After three years, the future 
of CDs looks secure. Three 
million discs were sold in the 
UK in 1 985 and the number is 
expected to double this year. 
The existing problems will, in 
three years’ time, be regarded 
no doubt as those minor 
hitches inevitable with a new 
technology. Yet there are still 
at leasf two disturbing factors. 

. The cost of making a CD 
could wipe certain minority^- 
interest recordings from the 
catalogue, such as reggae, 
blues, certain areas of classical 
music or traditional English 
folk musia 

Existing recordings are also 
at risk because master tapes 
have to be "cleaned" carefully 
before they can bear tbe 
scrutiny of • CDs. George 
McManus, marketing execu- 
tive at Polydor who looks after 
the pop CD releases, admitted 
that certain pop tapes were 
beyond retrieval. 

On a more immediate note, 
there has been strong criticism 
of the short .playing time on 
many CDs. Despite a 70- 
minute-plu5 playing capacity, 
most CDs run for only 45 

The 13-LP set of Mozart’s^' 
piano concertos, for example, 
played by Murray Perahia and 
the English Chamber Orches- 
tra on CBS, costs about £40. 
But if you want them on CD, 
you are forced to buy a 13-CD 
set costing £113, when CBS 
could easily have pm them on 
seven or eight discs at most 
As one dealer commented: 
jftijsis the unacceptable face 
Of CD . 

Nicolas Soames 


1 Reckless (6). 

4 Overflows (6) 

7 Inquisitive (4) 

8 Clamorous (8) 

9 Bloodbath (8) 

13 Female bovine (3) 

16 Bizane<13) 

17 AflgdutlmcO) 
19 Sumach, gut link 


25 Sham (4) 

26 Rupture (6) 

27 Fraud (6) 

DOWN . . 

1 Numerous (4) 

2 Tate apart (9) 

3 Italian paste (5) 

4 Shooter (5) 

5 Dtelihoo ’ (41 

'6 Australian wild dog 

10 Steam bum IS) 


11 Freight (5) 

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Sg 21 

DOWN: 2 Alien 3 

hge IfOTOfotate- 



7 Lack- 

> V 



The cry for help gets louder 


More and more women and young people are 
turning to suicide, according to new research, 
and the majority of them take an overdose 
of drugs. But although the caring professions 
are well equipped to provide medical help, 
psychological aid is often lacking. A change 
in nursing attitudes is sorely needed 

Luc> w as 22 when she tried to kill 
herself. An attractive brunette with 
a London University degree in 
English, she was one of two children 
of a Surrey diplomat who had 
himself committed suicide two 
sears earlier. A combination of the 
stress involved in providing emo- 
tional support for her mother and 
brother while suppressing her own 
grief and feeling of increasing 
isolation resulted in an overdose. 

When Sally O'Brien, author of a 
new study on young suicide victims 
first mci her. Lucy was in the 
casually ward of St Stephen's hospi- 
tal. London, still suffering from the 
unpleasant after-effects of a stom- 
ach pump as well as personal 
hostility from some nurses and the 
inimitable guilt which follows at- 
tempted suicides. 

Despite a decline in the numbers 
of actual suicides, attempted suicide 
is increasing, particularly among 
women and young people. In Brit- 
ain. it is estimated that 95 per cent 
of people who attempt suicide do so 
by overdoses. More than 100.000 
overdose patients are admitted to 
hospital in England and Wales each 
year, and a further 40.000 are 
treated in casualty departments. 

It is false to think that 
many of the people 
who talk about suicide 
will not attempt it 

Once they leave hospital, howev- 
er, they are on their own. frequently 
in an even worse emotional stale 
than before with yet one more 
failure to add to their list. Not 
surprisingly, an estimated 60 per 
com of people who attempt suicide 
try again. 

From the moment that Lucy 
gulped down her potentially lethal 
cocktail of aspirins and sleeping 
tablets, she unwittingly clocked into 
a system which - while efficiently 
able to save her life - was entirely 
inadequate when it came to coping 
with her subsequent needs. 

“The existing caring, services 
provide for the physical needs veiy 
well but for the emotional ones not 
at all". O'Brien says. “And although 
overdose patients present them- 
selves initially as a physical prob- 
lem. it is always the underlying 

emotional problems which caused 
them to take the overdose." 

She spent three years following the 
experiences ora cross-section of 1 95 
people aged between 1 5 and 30 who 
look overdoses in central London. 
They included drug addicts, alco- 
holics and homosexuals, but most 
were “normal" people unable to 
cope with their lives. 

“1 was surprised at what very sane 
people so many of them were". 
O'Brien says. She kept in regular 
touch with them from the lime they 
left hospital, chronicling their fluc- 
tuating physical, mental and emo- 
tional states, and the type of help 
they sought and received. Within a 
year seven of the people she 
interviewed were dead. The full 
details of her study, carried out 
while she was a lecturer in commu- 
nity medicine at London's West- 
minster hospital, are published this 

As a result of her research. 
O'Brien is critical of many of the 
traditional attitudes of the medical 
profession. She does not believe, for 
example, that people who talk about 
committing suicide will never do it. 
“A lot of the people I spoke to gave 
warning." Nor docs she go along 
with the theory that deliberate 
overdosing is a cry for attention. “1 
have never met a trivial overdose", 
she says. “I think that at the 
moment those people look an 
overdose they had had enough. 
They couldn't cope any longer and 
they didn't care what happened to 
them, whether they lived or died. 

"The caring professions tend to 
ask themselves — 'did she mean to 
do it? Yes. she did. Therefore we 
can offer her care' or ‘No. she didn't, 
therefore she is manipulating us so 
let's eject her.' " 

Lucy's was a typical case. She was 
kepi in St Stephen's hospital for 24 
hours, during which time she saw a 
psychiatrist for 10 minutes, before 
reluming alone to her flat with an 
out-patiem's appointment to see the 
psychiatrist again in two weeks' 
time. She did not keep the appoint- 
ment and ignored the reminder 
which the hospital sent her. Nothing 
had changed in her life except that 
she now felt guilty about having 
tried to kill herself and increasingly- 
scared about how she was going to 
tell her mother what she had done. 

A few weeks later she threw 




herself under a tube train. Recalling 
the situation. Lucy said ruefully: “I 
chose Hyde Park Comer without 
realizing that it's the only tube 
station with a 6ft drop between the 
rails. All I did was break my ankle. 
I’m even a failure at suicide." 

O'Brien argues that general prac- 
titioners have neither the time nor 
the training to provide the necessary 
help. Significantly, more than half 
the people she interviewed had 
visited their doctors in the six weeks 
before they overdosed. 

Once in hospital, the overdose 
patient is frequently treated with 
hostility and resentment. O'Brien 
claims that the accident and emer- 
gency wand sister of one major 
London teaching hospital ordered 
the nurses to neither make the beds 
of overdose patients, nor smile at 
them or speak to them - “so they 
won’t do it again" 

One solution would be for more 
hospitals to provide special units for 
the treatment of overdoses. Profes- 
sor Laurie Prescott is a consultant at 
the Regional Poisoning Treatment 
Centre of the Edinburgh Royal 

Infirmary, one of the few hospitals 
in Britain to have such a unit. 

With a full-time staff of physi- 
cians. psychiatrists, nurses, and 
social workers, the ward treats 2.000 
patients a year. “Wc basically feel 
that w-c understand the problems 
more than most medical and nurs- 
ing staff". Prescott say-s. 

"Often people's prohlcms are 
made worse by drugs given to them 
by their doctors which mav depress 
Ificm and make it more difficult for 
them to seek help on Ihcir own 

As an indication of the general 
attitude of the authorities towards 
overdose patients, the unit is 
housed in a condemned and dilapi- 
dated building and runs on a shoc- 
string.“Nobody considers it an 
important area of medicine". Pres- 
cott says. "Poison patients and their 
problems arc really right at the 
bottom of the pile." 

While one of the most common 
reasons for deliberate overdosing 
appears to be ‘'relationship 
trouble”. O'Brien's research indi- 

cates that often the most recent 
crisis such, as the break-up of a 
relationship is merely the final 
trigger. “To ask why people commit 
or attempt suicide is like asking why 
someone becomes ill." 

However. Neil KesseL Professor 
of Psychiatry at Manchester Uni- 
versity. believes that the very act of 
what he prefers to call “deliberate 
self-poisoning" may solve some of 
the patient's problems, particularly 
those suffering from the terrible 
turmoils of youth. 

"It is an act that generates 
concern among relatives and fre- 

An overdose Is very 
often someone's way 
of regaining control 
over a chaotic life 

quently brings boyfriends round 
again" claims Kessel. But he ac- 
knowledges that bed-side reunions 
are seldom permanent 

O’Brien says: “I've never met 
anyone who actually believed that if 
they took an overdose they would 
get their boyfriend back or persuade 
someone to change their behaviour. 

' "Very often, taking an overdose is 
a way of regaining control over their 
chaotic lives. A lot of them have a 
victim mentality and they feel that 
this at least is something they can 
make a definite decision about." 

One patient who spent several 
weeks contemplating taking an 
overdose before eventually doing 
so. explained why she had not 
sought help. "If 1 was going to do it. 
it would be my decision, my way 
out", she said. “! didn't want 
anyone interfering with my last 

O'Brien feels that there should be 
specially-trained counsellors based 
within the community able to 
provide long-term help for overdose 
patients "Dealing with people who 
arc chronically depressed is abso- 
lutely exhausting, especially for 
relatives", she says. 

She believes that everyone is a 
potential suicide case. "It’s not just 
a case of there being strong and 
weak people. Everybody can cope 
well at some times and less well at 
other times. The only thread that 
linked everyone I spoke to was the 
terribly low esteem they held them- 
selves in. 

"I agree with the poet Robert 
Lowell who once said that if there 
were some little switch in the arm 
which one could press in order to 
die immediately and without pain, 
then everyone would sooner or later 
commit suicide." 

Sally Brompton 

The Negative Scream is pi/N/shcrf 
/ fW/tvrmr by Rour/cdgc A Kcgan 
Paul. £5. 95 fwpcrback 

Losing my head in 
finding my tails 

ft's all very wdl for Fred £245. 1 paH them S 

Astaire, bat what about the foul 

■ rest of as? My first 

senaed to be for 38. 44 and - 

lion on receiving an invitation inch chests. Having a reasor. 
marked “white tie" was that ably-sired 42 -mch chest 
although up ontfl now I’d could only concede that 
managed to get away with who bay new taiiscoats in». 
w earing black tie where white are either largechestw i * - 
tie was suggested, I bad cats or their wimpy, sal.o . 
thought for ages that I ought to chested sons, 
get evening tails. It couldn't .be Next day, I „ 

that difficult to have a sail Piccadilly and I called 
made and I was sure that there Dormie at Acaman in Kcget* 
were places that sold second- Street. . J 

hand evening dress. Donnie fcad “j* 

My initial reaction was to their hire charge was 
visit the tailors who made the Td forgotten about the win a 
mils that Fred Astaire wore in collar dress shirt at £6.95. w'j 
Top Hat; if one was befog tie at £1.25. They, too. naj 


toils that Fred Astaire a we in collar dress shirt at £6.95. oo'? 

Top Hat; if one was befog tie at £1-25. They, too. 
extravagant, one might as well souk new suits bat, miracle jk 
be very extravagant. miracles, they also had sonw 

In Astaire's heyday, KOgour second-hand tails at £75. *■ 

French and Stan bury had been helpful French assistant snuK 
in Dover Street, bnt now they fled through the rail: 40tr| 
are in Savfle Row and have no 40in. 44 in. . . 42in! § 

shortage of easterners pre- | 

pared to pay their price for ■ • . _ \ 

what are, undeniably, beauti- ■fT? .£ t 

folly tailored clothes of im- ■ • ■■ . V fi 

maculate doth. “A tail coat, fa r “- g 

sir? That works out at Jsa M J & 

£1,507.65 — that's including gHial.-J r A £ 

the white vest" JgjHggp:* f . ; 

I thought it prudent to IJfJHP-"' *1 

reconsider my idea and spoke ■>.. . 3 

to my local tailor, a man of jBpsaagS? v [j 

great skill whose abilities ; j 

indude making a first-rate suit MSF I Mr ; 
for a remarkably reasonable iflBag/ /'I 
price. He said that he hadn’t jj 

made an evening tailcoat for 

30 years — “Not much call for _ h 

them after the war". My best Top hatting: Fred Astaire | 
bet, he believed, was to contact Having not worn one be for. 

Moss Bros and bay one of I didn't know whether it fitlejj 
their ex-hire suits. or not On balance it did loon : . 

So 1 telephoned Moss Bros, all right but the real selling 
** Dear me", they said. “ we point was that it was the una , ,- 
haven't sold second-hand tails 42-incb chest tail coat with thj 
for years. There's far too much right length arms (hat 1 hag i - 
demand for hiring to let us sell found in London. | ■ ? 

any. But 1 could hire one for The trousers? "Oh", saw * 
£34." the practical girl. "If you ha^ , J; 

Apparently this is the fault dinner jacket trousers you caj ; 
of the young blades. It's not wear those. The waLstcoau 
just Oxford and Cambridge “They are £34 new, but v 
but red brick universities don't have any. B« wc dn hud 
where, given half an excase, some second-hand ones for £j - 
the youngsters don tails, each, it's jnst a matter ci . 
These are borrowed from fa- matching the left and r:gii 
thers, uncles, grandfathers or sides up." I took two. j 
anyone else who has them. The shirt was also a prol* 

The fact that the things they lem. Dormie didn't have 5 
don't fit is irrelevant. 15'A-iuch collar sire for sal-; , 

It is no better m families at 1 hire 0C 1 £ 
where there are only daugh- before ‘be March dinner or.j m - 
tors. Tailcoats are altered, best, 1 could find a shut and tij » 

borrowed or adjusted with 10 . , , _ 5 V 

even more alacrity by the girls. At least 1 have broken th^ 

Any left over have been tackoftbe problem andhav 

the basic outfit which shoal- 
last me a lifetime. So far lhav - 

Any left over have been mck 01 roe proo.eni ana nay 
snapped up by pop stars, who Jhe basKr outfit which stmo! 
delight in wearing them. last meantime. So far lhav 

So the traditional snpply of , 

second-hand tails has com- £ L27-65 on what 1 could hay .-5 

p HboS? 2u. . ^h. . 2* i^rlT ",h 

STSWIS fcke Iht * f n<f out of ray Mib' £ 
suits, made in Germany, for Tlltl Satchel ^ 


Raw fish is all the rage. 
Restaurants and cookery- 
books with no obvious preten- 
sions to fashion offer varia- 
tions on a theme which runs 
from Japanese sushi, which is 
untreated raw fish, through 
Latin American withe 
"cooked" without heat in lime 
juice, to Scandinavian salt- 
cured herrings and salmon. 

Even sensible, old fash- 
ioned Manzi’s. that bastion of 
ordinary English fish cooking 
just off" Leicester Square, has 
caught the bug. A handwritten 
entry on the menu reads 
car/Kiectii white, a colour 
scheme which seems to rule 
out the thin slices of raw beef 
that twiwcio fanciers might 
expect. The dish it describes is 
equally unorthodox — sturdy 
slices of raw hake marinated 
in oil and vinegar. It turns out 
to be rather good, even if they 
do put a disconcertingly large 
amount of it on each plate. 

Fish that is so fresh it still 
smells of the sea iswhal 
makes a successful raw fish 
dish. It could be said that a 
fishing hotel on the Kenya 
coast has an unfair advantage 
when fresh tuna is wanted. But 
I have never eaten a better 
wic/ir than the cubed tuna 
marinated in lime juice and 
dill which is served as a bar 
snack at Seafarers on the 
beach at Waiamu. 

Because freshness is the key. 
choosing the right fish for 
these anripcs means picking 
whatever is in the best condi- 
tion before deciding on the 
variety. Salmon is excellent 
raw. marinated or cured, but 
all kinds of firm-fleshed white 
fish can be cold-cooked in a 
marinade. Sole. turboL sea 
bass, halibut, cod and had- 
dock arc very good. 




— ... 

m 3 

Fish in the raw 

The same formula works -j tablespoon cl 
well with thin slices of salmon, ^ spring onion 

and chopped dill may be 

substituted for Chives in either Cut each f 
version. A few slivers of fresh diagonal slices 
chilli add flavour as well as into a dish w 

hcaL which may be offset by 
serving the sevithe with slices 
of peeled avocado. Another 
way of serving scvichc is to 
dice the marinated fish and 
use it to stuff halved avocados 
or ripe tomatoes. 

Seviche of sole 

Serves four 

4 skinned fillets of Dover sole 
Juice of two times, Seville 

oranges or lemons 

*/; teaspoon Dijon mustard 

2 tablespoons olive oil 

1 tsp shallot juice 

Salt and freshly ground black 


1 tablespoon chopped chives 

Cut each fillet into slim 
diagonal slices and put them 
into a dish with all but one 

Is this the only 
kind of bird your 
children watch? 

If so. then you should give them 
a gift of a year's membership 10 
The Young Ornithologists’ Club. 

It's the junior section of the RSPB, 
and it will make them look at the 
birds and wildlife around diem wiih 
fresh, eager eyes. Not square eyes. 

, (l RSPB 

k Onrrt.i Vu ,|l;i \-,\% is 
] J- ■ -a. 

f -h-r - " h ■'» 

1 1. 1 ' Jri jtwiK «« » '• 1 

tablespoon of the lime, Seville 
or lemon juice. Turn the fish 
in the juice so that each piece 
is coated, cover and refrigerate 
for at least three hours and up 
to 24. 

The flesh will have lost its 
transluccnce and wifi have 
turned milky white like con- 
ventionally cooked fish. Drain 
it well, discarding the liquid. 
Mix the musiaid. oil. salt, 
pepper, remaining juice, and 
shallot juice, which is made by 
squeezing pieces of raw shallot 
in a garlic press. If the dressing 
is loo sharp, add a pinch of 
sugar. Stir the dressing into 
she fish and marinate it for 
another 10 minutes or so 
before serving. 

Arrange the slices attrac- 
tively on chilled serving plates 
and spoon a little of the 
dressing onto each portion. 
Sprinkle with chopped chives 
or very finely sliced spring 

Although gravlax is now 
widely sold alongside smoked 
salmon. I have not encoun- 
tered a commercial variety 
that can compete for flavour 
with home-cured fish. The 
recipe is simplicity itself and, 
once made, the salmon has a 
fridge life of four or five days. I 
used to add a little cognac to 
the curing mixture but no 
longer believe it does anything 
■wi in, midi uucs make 
all the difference is plenty of 
Ircsh is in the market ail 
y ear round, so any greengrocer 
can get hold of it. 

Small pieces of salmon or 

whole fish are cured in the 
same way. The fish is cleaned 
and scaled and the flesh taken 
off the bone in two big pieces. 
The skin is left on. A 31b 
tailpiece of salmon will make 
a dozen or so servings. Or try 
an experimental batch with 
little more than half a pound 
of fish, scaling down the cure 


Serves twelve 

1.35kg (31b) tailpieco salmon 
4 tablespoons fine sea salt 
2 tablespoons caster sugar 

2 tablespoons coarsely ground 

white pepper 

A large bunch of fresh dill, 
finely chopped 

• Mix the sail, sugar and 
: pepper. If you cannot get 
} coarsely ground fresh white 
| pepper, use fresh black pepper 
rather than commercially fine- 
J ground while pepper. 

■ Sprinkle a little chopped dill 
in the bottom of a dish which 
will hold the salmon without 
folding it. Sprinkle a little of 
the salt mixture over the herb 
and add one piece of salmon, 
skin side down. Sprinkle it 
lavishly with dill and the 
sailing mixture then place the 
second piece of salmon, skin 
side up. over the firsL Sprinkle 
the top with remaining dill 
and salt mixture. 

Cover the fish and refriger- 
ate under a weight of approxi- 
mately 1kg (21b) for not less 
than 36 hours and up to three 
days, turning it every 12 hours 
and basting all the surfaces 
with the juices which will run 
from the fish. 

To serve, scrape off the 
. curing mixture and dry the 
fish before slicing it on the 
diagonal, like smoked salmon, 
it may be sprinkled with more 
chopped dill or decorated with 
a sprig ofiL 

A sweetish, dill-flavoured 
mustard sauce is the tradition- 
al accompanimenL Again, 
fresh dill is called for. 

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Serves twelve 

4 tablespoons Dijon mustard 
2 tablespoons caster sugar 
1 tablespoon of white wine 


Salt and freshly ground white 


120 ml (4fl oz) mild vegetable 


6 tablespoons chopped fresh 

Mix the mustard, sugar, 
salt, pepper and vinegar in a 
bowl and beat in the oil, a little 
at a time, to make a smooth, 
creamy dressing. Stir in the 
dill and serve with gravlax. 


Number of years service 

Spouse’s Work 

Employers Name and Address 

Roll No. 

Monthly repayment £ 

Amount of Mortgage outstanding 


Name and Address of Second 

Surname (Spouse* 

Forename* s) 

Address of Property offered as 

Amount of Mortgage outstanding 


Number of years service 

Annual Income £ 

Spouse's Income £ 

(Piwt ot intcimv mu*t he eiwlos«d| 

Date property purchased 

Price paid for property £ 

Estimated value of property 


I/We do/do not occupy premises 

Date of Birth 

Self. Spouse. 


To Uoyds Bowmaker Finance Croup. 

BVfe confirm that all information shown 
above is accurate and agree that it shall 
form die basis of any loan agreement 1/ Wc 
authorise you to ukc up any references 
you require including information from 
our existing mortgagcetsl. ilWfc hereby 
authorise you or youragems to inspect the 
register of our tide at H.M. Land Registry- 

Signed (Spouse) 


A member of the Uo>ds Rink (jrniip* ’ 

■The Lloyds BowmakerTresh Start* Loiii> 

t ■AJSKnsrtsso 



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• Bum-up for 
the books 

Lci’S jum say ii was a fair cop.” 
The chairman's sccretarx was not 

The chairman's sccretarx was not 
• amused: “The chairman will noi 
■ wish to comment. He would not 
want his name in the press for ihis 
son uf incident.** 

In digs 

As if the Duchess of Kent, named 
\ csierda> js the royal in (he shock - 
horror train incident. did tiol have 
enough on her plate: her aide tells 
me that she and ihc Duke have 
nuned to temporary accommoda- 
tion in St James's Palace - 
“smaller” than she is used to - 
until their home. York House, is 
rendered fit for habitation. The 
repairs will take sis months. 
“Fortunately.” says ihe aide. ~ihc 
view is much the same.” 

Talk it out! 

The ancient parliamentary bill- 
blocking ploy of filibustering 
could come to an end tomorrow 
with a procedure debate aimed at 
tanning interminable speeches. 
MPs have nicknamed it the 
Golding Kneecap Bill alter 
Westminster's undisputed cham- 
pion filibuster. Labour MP John 
Golding once spoke for nine hours 
in an attempt to see off a bill. 

• Kenyans are so convinced that 
their government is using under- 
coier methods of family planning 
that the Daily Nation recently led 
with the headline: “No contra- 
ceptives in school milk says Moi~. 
And when Uganda discovered that 
a particular brand of lager came 
from Kenya, sales nosedived. 

Long road 

The latest life member of the 
Travellers’ Club in Pall Mall is 
99 year-old Sir Harry Plait the 
renowned former orthopaedic 
surgeon. Sir Harry hopes to 
travel down from his Manchester 
home in October, to celebrate his 
100th birthday. “I look out life 
membership for sentimental rea- 
sons. and because the rates are 
rather favourable when you get to 
my age.” he said. 


•One point in its favour, no one’ s 
going to mug ns for an extra 40p* 

Hall of fame 

Nurman Tebbit is not only keen to 
be classed with the likes of Mgr 
Bruce Kent and Germaine 
Greer — be wants to hang around 
with them. On canvas that is. All 
agreed to sit for Ishbcl McWhirtcr. 
a pupil of Kokoshka. for her 
forthcoming exhibition of people 
who have two characteristics in 
common: outspoken indepen- 
dence of mind and courageous 
originaliix. For a man who re- 
cent!} suggested that my editor 
should “put me out on the 
streets.” I reckon Tebbit just about 
fits the hill. Before it goes to his 
head. I hope he will forgive me 
fordisclusinghcwasnot first choice: 
that was MiehacI Fool whose 
modest} did not permit. 

Other cheek 

Despite Britain's withdrawal. 
I r nesco is putting up £1 7.000 for a 
conference of Caribbean countries 
at the Commonwealth Institute in 
London next week. The main 
attraction: a speech by Timothy 
Raison. Minister for Overseas 
Development, who had to an- 
nounce that Britain was quitting. 

Marcos: the wasted years 

Ihe jurat road texting at the 
■ ‘ weekend of BL’s new Rover 800. 
to be unveiled this summer. 

• degenerated into scenes worthy of 
Inspector Ctouseau. Instead of 
giving abroad, chairman Harold 
Musgrovf and other senior of- 
ficials transported several models, 
swathed in Mack tarpaulin, from 
Coventry to Devon. There, away 
front prving eyes, they were hav- 
ing a great time - power superb: 
acceleration fantastic — until one 
executive was pieked up by the 
police for speeding. "It wouldn't 

• have been so had." says my 
, informant, “but he had just been 

overtaken bv the chairman in his 
, Rover 800.’ which he sav^ dis- 
appearing in iIk Jirfincc.” BL 
director Jean Demon refused to 
disclose the felon's speed: “Until 

• the comes up it's sub judice. 


Dripping Tory whip Tristan 
Garel- Jones, who is under Arc for 
“undermining the Prime Min- 
ister's authority” by promoting 
too mans wets to ministerial 
posts, has one consolation: his 
beautiful Spanish wife. Catalina. 
The wealth} former merchant 
tanker, who has a long association 
with Spain, plucked her from the 
ranks of the Spanish Communist 
port}. “ When 1 first saw her she 
stood out from the other 
communists."* he sa}s. “She was 
the onlx one whose party badge 
was made at Carrier's.” "otto 


“Where in the world will you find 
such a brave people who will place 
their bodies between two contend- 
ing military groups just to regain 
their freedom without bloodshed” 
— thus the new prime minister- 
designate of the Philippines. Sal- 
vador Laurel, on one of the most 
spectacularly successful cam- 
paigns of non-violence this cen- 

Nowhere else has such a corrupt 
and heavily armed regime been 
reduced to a spectre with such 
rapidity. Ordinary Filipinos have 
emasculated their oppressor with 
a brav ura not seen since the non- 
violent propaganda movement of 
! their national hero. Jose Rizal. 
who fought to persuade the Span- 
iards to give Filipinos equality of 
! treatment. Rizal was dealing with 
the colonial govern menu Filipi- 
nos. in fighting the Marcoses and 
their henchmen, have been turned 
against one another. 

The image of ihe Phillipines has 
never been so enhanced as il has 
been in the weeks since Marcos 
decided lo fix the presidential 
elections on a scale never pre- 
viously contemplated and his 
rapacious wife Imelda instructed 
workers in the New Society Move- 
ment: “We must win this one at 
any price”. 

Many people paid a terrible 
price for (hat order in the 7.000 
islands of the Philippines. She and 
the president's followers realized 
early that it was going 10 be no 
walk-over and distributed auto- 
matic weapons to provincial cro- 
nies who have been dependent on 

As an era ends, David Watts reports on 
opportunities lost and the daunting 
challenge that now faces Mrs Aquino 

Marcos for their brolal legitimacy. 

But the first lady could never 
have grasped the ultimate good 
that would come from the destruc- 
tion of her and her husband's lust 
for power and wealth, or that their 
final isolation in the Malacanang 
Palace would be the beginning ofa 
resurgence of national pride so 
long devalued by the faking of 
everything from war medals to 
Imcida's win in the Miss Manila 
beauty contest (she was placed 
second but arranged things so that 
she was declared the winner). 
Filipinos will now no longer have 
to apologize for their president 

In 1972. when Marcos brought 
in martial law. the United States 
acquiesced in something that was 
neither necessary in terms of the 
Philippines' domestic situation 
nor in long-term American in- 
terests. as has now been manifestly 
demonstrated. Certainly, in Ma- 
nila and many other parts of the 
country private armies were nu- 
merous and crime had been rising, 
but the economy was among the 
most promising in Asia. The 
country had many natural re- 
sources and the urban population 
was largely English-speaking, the 
beneficiaries of one or the more 
enlightened colonial governments, 
and ripe for training in any areas 
the government saw lit. 

Martial law could have been 
used lo unite a country of great 
geographical and linguistic vari- 
ety. Instead. Marcos, nis wife and 
their relatives set about diverting 
to themselves much of the na- 
tional wealth. Newspapers and 
plantations, factories and estates, 
passed into their hands. Martial 
law and the decree-making powers 
of the president, coupled with a 
compliant judiciary, consolidated 
the power of the family into an 
apparently unassailable position, 
defended by a willingness to 
eliminate rivals or those who did 
something inconvenient. One of 
the most recent victims was a 
kidney specialist who had been 
treating the president but made 
the mistake of talking about it: he ‘ 
was found murdered. 

American concern about their 
installations at Subic Bay and 
Dark Air Force Base led them to 
ignore obvious dangers. This 
determination not to see the wood 
for the trees led to one of the great 
hyperbolic American political 
pronouncements. Vice-President 
George Bush told Marcos: “We 
love your adherence to democratic 
values”. The sights of the past few 
weeks should never be forgotten 
by those who profess to know how 
to keep the world “safe for 
democracy”: nuns and young 

Robin Russell Jones sees closure as the only logical answer 

Sellafleld, leaky as a sieve 

The Sella field reprocessing plant 
was constructed at the dawn of the 
nuclear age. and many of its 
buildings and operating proce- 
dures arc relics of an era when the 
biological hazards of ionizing 
radiation were barely understood. 
During the past 35 years there 
have bedn more than 300 officially 
acknowledged accidents and the 
plant has discharged a third of a 
tonne of plutonium into the sea. 
more than any other installation 
in the world. 

Although ihe tides were sup- 
posed to disperse the nuclear 
waste this has not happened, and 
85 per cent of the discharges still 
lie within 20 miles of the coast in a 
line running from Kirkcudbright 
in the north to the Ribble estuary 
in the south. Plutonium levels in 
the mud of river estuaries close lo 
Sella field are 27.000 times higher 
than in other pans of Britain, and 
in many cases actually exceed the 
levels permissible inside a nuclear 

Discharges from Sella field arc 
jointly monitored by the Ministry 
of Agriculture and the radio- 
chemical inspectorate at the 
Department of the Environment, 
but both have proved hopclessly 
incflcctual. In the 1 970s. for 
example, people living near 
Scllaficld were receiving 1 5 times 
more exposure than they had been 
led to believe by the nuclear 
authorities. Their exposure to 
ionizing radiation is unique in 
quantity and duration. 

When Yorkshire Television 
first discovered an increased num- 
ber of leukaemia deaths among 
children in the area, the claims 
were greeted with widespread 
scepticism. Subsequently the com- 
mittee of inquiry chaired by Sir 
Douglas Black confirmed that the 
rate of leukaemia in Scascalc. the 
village closest to Scllaficld: was 10 
times the national average. But the 
inquiry then concluded. that the 
nuclear discharges were unlikely 
to be responsible. 

The logic behind this statement 
was truly extraordinary. The Na- 
tional Radiological Protection 
Board (NRPB) had produced an 
immensely long document which 
attempted to calculate the theo- 
retical number of deaths to be 
expected from the Scllaficld dis- 
charges. They arrived at a figure of 
0.1. The Black report concluded 
that the discharges could not 
account for the four deaths that 
had occurred. 

*** J 

-jr jT JT 

* / , v Mi 

■- Mm 


a B B H 


This argument reversed the 
normal process of scientific 
reasoning. If four extra deaths 
make it unlikely that the plant is 
responsible then — by the same 
logic — 10 extra deaths will make 
it even more unlikely; 50 deaths 
will mean that the plant can be 
declared totally safe. The same 
reasoning can be applied to dis- 
miss the leukaemia clusters since 
reported around nuclear establish- 
ments at Aldermaston. Burgh field. 

Rosyth. Holy Loch. Sizcwcll. 
Dounrcay. Winfrith and the Sev- 
ern estuary. 

By turning science upside- 
down. the Black report lost 
credibility long before it was 
realized that the figures it had 
been given for uranium discharges 
from Scllaficld during the 1950s 
were 40 times loo low. This 
information came to light only Iasi 
week, and it is not yet dear 
whether it was British Nudcar 
Fuels or the NRPB which failed to 
supply the committee with the 
relevant information. 

The NRPB was established in 
1970. supposedly independent of 
the nuclear industry, to protect 
and inform the public oh nuclear 
issues. Twenty-seven of the orig- 
inal si ifT came directly from the 
Atomic Energy Authority, includ- 
ing the present director and his 
predecessor. They have never 
questioned the necessity of 
reprocessing at Scllaficld. They 
have failed to carry out adequate 
monitoring of the nuclear work- 
force (and were criticized for this 
by the Rowers committee). 

They have failed to monitor the 
health of people in the vicinity of 
nuclear establishments (so that 
when Sir Douglas Black started his 
inquiry there were no radio- 
biological measurements available 
on the Cumbrian population). 
They have failed to question the 
unprecedented levels of marine 
discharges from Sellafictd during 
the early 1970s. 

Finally, perhaps most signifi- 
cantly. they have produced other 
reports in which vital pieces of 
information have been missing. In 
1983 they produced one that 
calculated the number of cancer 
deaths resulting from the 1957 

Scllaficld fire. Although it dealt 
with releases of radioactive iodine, 
it ignored the far more dangerous 
radionuclide, polonium. — 

The chairman of British Nu- 
clear Fuds claims that Scllaficld is 
a profitable enterprise. Profitable 
it may be. but is it necessary? 
Contrary to popular belief, 
reprocessing is an immensely 
wasteful process. It takes spent 
fuel rods from nuclear power 
stations, dissolves them in acid 
and then extracts the two most 
useful dements. The uranium is 
enriched and returned to the 
power station: the plutonium is 
used to make bombs. Unfortu- 
nately the process generates an. 
enormous amount of extra waste 
so that the four cubic metres of 
high level waste in the original 
consignment is convened into 40 
cubic metres of intermediate level 
and 600 cubic metres oflow level 

There is also 2.5 cubic metres of 
high-level waste left over, so 
reprocessing is creating immense 
disposal problems. The current 
search for a Jand-bascd repository 
by the Department ofihe Environ- 
ment results entirely from Sell- 
aficld's activities. If it was closed, 
high level waste could be stored 
indefinitely at nuclear power sta- 
tions for a tenth of the cost; 
furthermore there would be no 
reason to transport nuclear ma- 
terial around the countryside, 
hazard the health of local popula- 
tions. and contaminate the Irish 
Sea in perpetuity. 

It may not be too long before the 
Government is forced to change 
its policy on reprocessing. In the 
meantime there is no effective 
parliamentary opposition because 

Labour has an environment 
spokesman whose constituency 
includes Scllaficld. Certainly the 
public docs not share Mrs 
Thatcher's devotion to reprocess- 
ing. Nor docs it appreciate a 
billion pounds of public money 
being spent to build a thermal 
oxide reprocessing plant (Thorp) 
at Scllaficld. since this will require 
Britain to accept nuclear waste 
from all over the world. 

Finally, the public is deeply 
suspicious of what is happening at 
Dounrcay. The proposal is for a 
new type of plant that will 
reprocess plutonium fud from 
Europe's new generation of last- 
breeder reactors. It is doubtful 
whether this technology can ever 
be made to work. Of 20 attempts 
worldwide, six have been can- 
celled or arc still at the planning 
stage, four have been shut down — 
two after accidents — and three 
have experienced serious operat- 
ing problems, including that at 
Dounrcay. (Of the other seven, 
four arc in the Soviet Union.) 

Yet Britain is committed to 
building a ruinously expensive 
demonstration plant .to reprocess 
fuel from nuclear installations 
which are still not functioning. In 
short Mrs Thatcher wants to make 
Dounrcay the plutonium capital 
of the world without regard to 
public opinion, public expense or 
the benefit of public scrutiny. It is 
an immensely dangerous enter- 
prise without economic or envir- 
onmental justification. Sellafleld 
may have marked the dawn of the 
nudcar age. but Dounrcay will 
hasten the night 

The author is chairman of the 
Friends of the Earth pollution 
working party. 

Wavland Kennet 

people kneeling in front of tanks 
and armoured personnel carriers. 
M 1 6-ca trying sokliere backing 
down in the ace of huge crowds of 
ordinary people, who overcame 
through their sheer determination. 

The Roman Catholic church 
clearly had a crucial role in 
galvanizing the Filipinos to do 
what, had to bedone.Maicos must 
have known in his heart that he 
was in serious trouble when the 
Catholic Bishops' Conference of 
the Philippines called on the 
people to use civil disobedience to 
overthrow the government. Mrs 
Marcos, apparently, went to 
Cardinal Jaime Sin before the 
election and said she feared the 
people had turned against them . 
and would steal everything from 
them. Die cardinal replied: “The 
people want nothing but freedom 
from you. Madame". 

That they now have, but there is 
a huge task ahead in making up for 
the lost Marcos years. In the 
meantime other Asian countries 
have shot ahead uf the Philippines 
in development, taking opportu- 
nities that may not come again. 
The lesson for all concerned is that 
the kind of personal diplomacy 
and the connexions that Ronald 
Reagan builds iip with foreign 
countries should not be confused 
with the national interest either of 
that country or of the United 
States. The bravery and tenacity of 
the Filipino people have saved 
their own country from disaster 
and the United States from what 
was becoming its worst Asian 
foreign-policy mistake since Viet- 


America's Chief of Naval Opera- 
tions. Admiral James Watkins, 
recenilv added a small but signifi- 
cant pike of information to public 
. knowledge of his country's official 
strategy. The dangers it entails 
seem to have gone target un- 
noticed. both in the United States 
and its Nato partners: the wono 
could be entering a phase of . 

Ss&BRSf ‘mRSS 

led to the Cuba cnsis in 1962. 

Admiral Watkins confirmed 
that in the event of a Surprise 
conventional attack by the Soviet 
Union against Western Europe, 
the US navy would' instantly sink. 
Soviet nuclear submarines at sea. 
in order to “alter the nuclear 
equation” in favour of Jthe US. 
They. would do this with non- 
nuclear weapons (and it is clear 
from other sources that they 
would do il within three minutes 
of the outbreak of war). In the 
jargon of the trade this is known as 
a “first counierforcc strike". 

Aids and addicts: the need for needles 

The spread of Aids among drug 
addicts, who are second v»-ily to 
male homosexuals in the risk they 
run of catching ihe disease, has 
presented the health service, poli- 
ticians and the police with a 
dilemma. The obvious way of 
discouraging addicts from sharing 
needles - the source of the spread 
of infection — is by making nee- 
dles more available through drug 
help centres or at high street 
chemists. But this would be seen 
by many as encouraging drug 
abuse, even creating more addicts. 

The loll of the present system is 
dearly seen in Edinburgh, where 
more than half of the city’s several 
hundred addicts have been in- 
fected. principally because of the 
use of “shooting galleries”, secret 
meeting places where ihcv inject 
themselves with shared needles. 
These have sprung up. it is 
believed. largely because police 
use the syringes as evidence to 
convict drug pushers. 

At least one Edinburgh practice 

is now giving addicts free needles 
despite severe public criticism 
from the Scottish health minister. 
“A desperate situation requires 
desperate measures”, says Dr Roy 
Robertson, who with his partners 
treats 220 addicts. “The situation 
in Edinburgh is almost beyond 

The health minister, John 
Mackav. has said on television 
that the doctors' action is naive 
and contrary to the aim of 
preventing drug abuse, a view- 
shared by many politicians and by 
senior police officers, it also 
receives a good deal of sympathy 
at the Department of Health, but 
there is a growing belief among 
some key advisors there that the 
provision of dean syringes to 
addicts will soon be necessary. Dr 
Donald Acheson. the 
government's chief medical offi- 
cer. has said no more than that he 
is keeping an open mind and that 
research should be conducted 
urgently into infection among 
addicts in other British cities. 

A recent conference on Aids in 
Newcastle upon Tyne was given 
evidence that comparitively few 
addicts in Amsterdam have been 
infected, the practice there being 
to give out new needles for old at 
authorized centres. But there is 
more ambiguous evidence from 
the United States, where 17 per 
cent of Aids sufferers are known 
drug addicts. 

Doctors in Dallas who investi- 
gated needle-sharing observed in a 
recent issue of the New England 
Journal of Medicine: “Increasing 
the availability of needles without 
undertaking educational interven- 
tions might have a limited effect, 
since needle-sharing has been 
found to be associated with 
socialization, communal feeling, 
and protection in the drug culture, 
not merely with shortage of 

Other evidence, both from Brit- 
ain and the United States, suggests 
that addicts are increasingly aware 
of the hazards of sharing needles. 
But. desperate for a fix. a heroin 

user is likely to grab the nearest 
■syringe he or she can find. Bill 
Nclles of the Standing Committee 
on Drug Action, which represents 
drug abuse agencies, says: "It is 
indefensible to deny addicts the 
tools with which they can reduce 
their risk of Aids. By providing 
more syringes, we would not be 
condoning the behaviour of ad- 
dicts. but trying to keep them alive 
until they are in a condition to 
kick the habit.” 

Health experts monitoring the 
spread of the infection are certain 
that the number of cases among 
drug abusers will rapidly increase. 
Voluntary organizations such as 
the Terence Higgins Trust have 
issued advice leaflets about nee- 
dle-sharing. Further advice will be 
contained in the Department of 
Health's huge public education 
campaign on Aids, to be launched 
early next month. 

Thomson Prentice 

Science Correspondent 

Die Americans must be con- 
fident of their ability to shadow 
the Soviet submarines, and 
presumably this explains all the 
trouble they have gone to over the 
veara io learning how to operate 
under and "see” through the 
Arctic icc. There is no talk about 
intending to develop this ability' in 
the future: it appears as a state- 
ment of present intention, and 
therefore of present ability. 

But if they can do this within 
three minutes during a con- 
ventional war. they can also do it 
out of the blue in peacetime. 
Keeping your opponent m. .your 
sights, being able to knock the 
weapon from his hand- the mo- 
ment he moves, may in some 
circumstances feel good. But what 
will be the Soviet reaction, to this 
hew- explicit state of a flairs? ' 

It is the duty of defence planners 
in every sovereign slate'. East or 
West, to undertake “worst case 
analysis”. They must prepare to 
meet not the worst that they think 
an enemy intends, but the worst 
he is capable of doing: since 
intention cannot be known, and 
only capability can. This means 
that the Russians Will perceive, 
now and sharply, that the US can 
carry out a first strike against their 
nudcar submarines, their retal- 
iatory capacity: and this has 
always been their nightmare (as it 
would be ours). 

They will see it in precisely the 
same fight as the Strategic Defence 
Initiative, which they also regard, 
not incorrectly in “worst case 
analysis” as potentially capable of 
endowing the US with this ability. 

So far nothing has. been pub- 
lished irilhe US about the likely 
Soviet reaction. Pentagon Of- 
ficials. when questioned about the 
new statement _pf strategy, and 
perhaps aware that all this is a bit 

might also be developing an SDI 
of their own, dr may do so in rime: 

of their own, or may do so in rime: 
or they might do something 
altogether different, tike the move 

into Cuba. This time, the Soviet 
Union is not. as in 1962, strate- 
gically inferior to the US. ' 

How the Russians will react to 
the new revelation about the 
targeting of their submarines is 
.hard to foretell: what is certain is 
that this hew strategy will not lead 
cither to strategic stability or to 
stable deterretice. 

The author is SDP spokesman on 
del&ncein the I louse of Lords. This 
uriiiic star written Jointly with 
Elizabeth -Young. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

What’s your 

I saw a TV commercial recently 
which struck me as being the 
opposite of truthful, decent and 
honest, though I am sure that its 
makers were unaware of their 
dishonesty. Il was an advertise- 
ment for compact discs, and 
showed an audience wailing for a 
performance. As soon as the music 
started, the audience leaped into 
the air proclaiming that the sound 
was so good it must be live. I seem 
to remember, though I may be 
wrong, that the word LIVE! 
dominated the screen for a while. 

- What is dishonest about this is 
that unless the music concerned 
was classical, there is no way that 
the audience could distinguish 
between a live and a recorded 
performance. There is simply no 
such thing as a live performance 
any more. 

What you hear at a pop, rock, 
jazz, blues or any other kind of 
non-ciassica! concert is not the 
natural sound of the voice or 
.instrument’ it is the sound after it 
has been fed through amplifica- 
tion. at a far higher volume than is 
necessary to hear the music prop- 
erly. Even when the music has 
been well mixed, it is not a live 
sound: it is the nearest approxima- 
tion to a well-recorded studio, 

In other words, a member of the 
audience with his eyes closed has 
no way of telling if what he is 
listening to is provided by the 
group in the halt or a record 
played over the public address 
system. Unless you actually want 
to see your heroes in the flesh, 
there is not much point in going to 
a concert at all, as you can get 
much the same effect in your own 
sitting-room. Frequently, in feet, it 
is even better. 

That is one reason why discos 
are so successful; you can get the 
sound of a modem group with 
none of the expense ot hiring the 
group to appear. 1 am all in favour 
of the- Musicians Union's Cam- 
paign for Live Music — I just wish 
that more live music actually 
sounded like live music. 

All this started quite harmlessly 
many years ago in an attempt to 
give a slight boosting to the quieter 
membersof a group — . the singer 
with a; swing band, for instance, or 
the’ double bass in a jazz group. 
But todoay it has passed the no- 
retum point of giving the drum- 

years ago. The sound from a pop 
group, he said, is controlled and 
mixed by an engineer sitting in the 
audience. But because the sound is 
blasted out at the audience from 
stage front, the group cannot hear 
what they are all playing, so they 
arc given a separate monitoring 
system manned by a different 

“Some musicians, usually the 
drummer, wear headphones be- 
cause they cannot hear the mon- 
itor speakers over the sound of 
their own instruments." What is 
so laughable is that this is now 
considered io be normal. 

What I am saying of course, is 
hopelessly old-fashioned. I am 
saying, apparently, that the whole 
trend of popular music in the last 
20 years has been retrograde. Well, 
that is exactly what I do say. I 
would no more dream of attending 
a modern rock concert than 1 
would think of going to Beirut to 
sec a good tattle. This is an age 
given over to the worshipping of 
noise, and I don't think it does the 
age much credit. 

What we have forgotten is that 
noise is only relative. Some years 
ago the management of Ronnie 
Scott's dub decided lo present 
John Williams playing, acoustic 
guitar. They were worried that an 
audience accustomed to amplified 
music would not listen. The 
opposite happened In order to 
hear him, the customers ceased 
their usual chatter and rattling of 
glasses, and more people listened 
than usual. 

More recently, I heard the 
Count Baste Orchestra at ihe 
Festival Hall followed by the 
Oscar Peterson Quartet. After 
Basie s loudness, the low level of 
Peterson's amplification seemed 
soft and remote to begin witty 
withm two or three numbers the 
ear became quite accustomed to it 
and his sound seemed as full as 
Baste s, so much . so that the 
hereucal thought occurred to me 
Why don t they do without 
microphones altogether? If string 
quartets can. why can't they?" 

today, is a drug. 
th «s why. people take a higfcx 
andh^er dose just to keep up the 
effect They re entitled toT 0 f 
ftJwiMB** bh uofeir 
on those of us who haven’t 
become addicted. 

Oh, and by the way; theatres 

mera set of mikes. Amplifying a. have’ now started t£ y \? ea f reS 

drummer is rather like riving a habit 

fast bowler a gun to fire a cricket mikes?CwSL 

s . . 


dicey, have only sought tonassure 
the doves by saying ifc* wgr 
would not necessarily smk alt Ihe 
Soviet submarines J 0 * “**■ 
ventional war. aud it* hawks by 
saying they would also move 
nudear-ansed aircraft earners 
close to the Soviet coasts, so as to 
alter the equation even more. 

Admiral Watkins himself is 

seems improbable, given ’the So- 
viet land orientation** — a curious 
statement given the Soviet 
Union’s now worldwide man time 
presence and the ever-increasing 
use it makes of its own and other 
people's seas. 

What win the Soviet response 
be? We can only hazard a guess, 
but over the past three decades 
Admiral Gorshkov has built up 
the Soviet navy to ensure that 
Moscow ha&a variety of options to 
deal with every eventuality. 

. Fora precedent we should look 
back to ihe early 1 960s when the 
then US Defenta Secretary. Rob- 
ert McNamara, announced that 
the US nudcar superiority was 
sufficient to destory Soviet society 
after absorbing a first counterforce 
strike. For good measure the 
Pentagon also said that within the 
next three years it would double 
the number of US strategic nuclear 
delivery- vehicles. The most im- 
portant thing about this statement 
to ihc Soviet Union was the 
-unavoidable deduction ttat if the 
US could do that after receiving a 
first strike, it cbuld do that and 
worse m a first strike of its own. 

The Soviet reaction was not 
only to increase its own. strategic 
delivery* vehicles, bui also and at 
once, to put some of its many 
medium-range nuclear rockets 
into Cuba. The result was the 
erisivof 1962 when die world was 
brought to the very brink ol 
nuclear war. . 

Moscow's public reaction to 
SDI - is that the Sdviet Union 
would not concentrate on dev- 
eloping its own system but would 
increase the number and penetra- 
tion ability ofits strategic missiles. 
Of course, secretly, the Russians 

- B 

ff5K »K\K| 

ban: : . 

The ludicrous situation now 
reached was well described by 
Barry Fox m The Listener three 

wngany. Glen Ross at ‘ 
the Mermaid Theatre is one* 

example. I wonder how long ft irill " ■ •• 

tabetorethe sound of liveffreaSe 
becomes a nostalgic memory™* 

”* .-A 

‘.-*1 J) 

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*'■6 <?■ k 
’ s ’' 'Ve 4 
r - /s 

u- n *.. . . 


, . ’ n 

^ Upr], 

the i.y 

■ N \ V ; 


i^ggg^ngton Street, London El. Telephone 01 481 4100 


Hazards of die obscenity Act 

ihJsSviMrw, riy Con ^ ess of and soothed East-West 

JhP iS? 1 c ? mm unisi Party— tensions around the fireside. 

WiSS a r f lhe %?« - The next summit -originally 

EfadSnS ?c d f “ .’"W Planned for June, apparently 

the counirvt J vat ^ rsbed *n put back to September — looks 

The ox de i r elop n? lf nt. further off stilL 

d^^ Ct it“fc r ,^ mSeJfhad Th <= old, pre-summit, 

with some trnnirfatv! 1, Gorbachov was back with a 

leaders of EaJerap 0 "' ^ Ihe VCT * HU,ce * chiding President 
leaders of Eastern Europe . Reagan for ^ ^ he had 

when Mikhail taken to respond to lhe latest 
s JvJi aCaov l 3f^, 10 addre ss the Soviet disarmament, pro- 
l'"v J , ass ^hled delegates, be posals. condemning die terms 
earned with him the hopes of of his response — but carefully 
miiuons. in the Soviet Union not rejecting them outrighL He 
3 ■ k.t l. hopes that he called, with characteristic 
might be able to break the generalisations, for a “global 
cycle or economic stagnation security system” to bring to- 
and static living standards; gether any country that .can 
nopes that he would inject a find anything in common with 
new tone of moral probity into the Soviet position inter- 
boviet political life; hopes that nationally, and coined the 
he might inaugurate a new expression “developed 
openness in Soviet society, detente” to conjure up a 
and hopes — following his detente that would be more 
summit meeting with Presi- congenial to the Soviet Union 
dent Reagan and the freeing of . than the original, Helsinki, 
Anatoly Shcharansky — that he version with its inconvenient 

might be interested in a new 
period of detente in inter- 
national relations. 

Eight hours later, when the 
last ringing words of the Soviet 
leader’s speech were ap- 
plauded by z tired audience, 
those hopes remained un- 
realized. Any new ideas Mr 
Gorbachov had to offer his 
domestic audience were 
circumscribed by the old So- 
viet taboos on recent history. 
Any new ideas he might have 
had to offer his foreign audi- 
ence were drowned in thor- 
oughly traditional, anti- 
Western rhetoric. 

And it will be the rhetoric, 
an hour of bombast against the 
United States and all its works, 
which will stay in the mind 
long after the details of Mr 
Gorbachov’s address are 
forgotten. It is hard to believe 
that this was the same man 
who had greeted President 
Reagan with a cordial hand- 

clauses on human rights. 

But it will be in the area of 
domestic policy that the dis- 
appointment will be : most 
keenly felt, for it was here that 
expectations were highest. The 
Soviet leader dwelt at length 
and with some passion on the 
old, old problems; the mori- 
bund economy; the corrupt 
and bureaucratic officialdom 
and the persisting inequalities 
in Soviet society. 

But when it came to explain- 
ing why these problems were 
still unsolved, or how they 
could be solved in future, he 
had little more than the old, 
old solutions to offer. He 
blamed his immediate prede- 
cessors, though not by name, 
for failing to get to grips with a 
difficult economic situation in 
time. He spoke of the tendency 
of Communist Party officials 
to cut themselves off from the 
people they were meant to 

What he could not do was to 
offer anything more original or 
innovative than a “realistic” 
approach to existing diffi- 
culties. The question of how 
such extensive corruption 
could go unchecked within the 
ranks of the Communist Party 
went umackled. So too did the 
underlying social reasons for 
the economic slow-down: the 
lack of motivation and low 
morale among ordinary Soviet 
. workers. 

Before Mr Gorbachov began 
his speech, there were two 
specific areas of domestic pol- 
icy in which change was 
expected; in the structure of 
economic management and in 
the .privileges accorded to 
Communist Party officials. On 
economic management, Mr 
Gorbachev was timid indeed. 
He spoke in vague terms about 
allowing more financial auton- 1 
omy to collective farms and 
industrial enterprises and • 
promised greater incentives 
for farmers to sell their excess 
produce on the market. He 
also promised another look at 
taxation, and take stricter 
measures against those who 
lived on unearned income - 
predominantly black- 

When it came to proposed 
changes in the Communist 
Party rules - such as a limit to 
the time an official can hold 
office or restrictions on the 
judicial and material privi- 
leges accorded to Party of- 
ficials, Mr Gorbachov was 
even less forthcoming. Sub- • 
stantive changes had been 
made in the rules, he said. 
What those changes were went 
unremarked. The old taboos 
on internal Party matters per- 
sisted. Yet until such taboos 
are broken, Mr Gorbachov's 
talk of a watershed in Soviet 
political life is premature in 
the extreme. 


The politics of Not in My Back neither logic nor rational pub- 
Yard are always unattractive. lie policy a service by lumping 
Over the location of inland all waste from nuclear pro- 
sites for the disposal of nudear cesses together. Low-grade and 
waste neither people nor their intermediate-grade wastes 
representatives are likely to arise from various sources. 

show themselves at their best. 
The four possible dump sites 
named yesterday are deep in 
Conservative England — and 
the outraged reaction proves 
that Tory - MPs. led by their 
chief whip — can be as 
parochial as any others when it 

Geology, transport, land 
ownership: all militate against 
the layman’s solution of 
disposing of waste in unpopu- 
lated areas. There are voices 
saying dial public concern 
about Sellafield makes this a 
bad time to attract further 
publicity to matters nuclear. 
There are voices, callow and 
parliamentary, wishing the 
government could avoid con- 
troversy for a season. Neither 
messages have anything to 
commend them. Al the end of 
the day a location has to be 

The Government should 
now proceed as quickly as fair 
procedure permits and select a 
site, or sites. If that results in 
Mr Michael Brown MP throw- 
ing himself on the pyre 
(though the small print of his 
promise to resign deserves 
close reading), so be it. If the 
choice proves to the electors of 
Maldon that even having Mr 
John Wakeham as their MP is 
no protection, so be it. 

The cumulation of “low 

from the Ministry of Defence’s 
bomb programme to the Na- 
tional Health Service's use of 
isotopes in cancer therapies. . 

Since a moratorium was 
declared on dumping nuclear 
waste at sea. the pressure for 
landfill sites has had to be meL 
Sites such as Drigg in Cumbria 
are reaching saturation. Waste 
in temporary storage will soon 
leach intolerable and unsafe 

The technology of dumping 
is crude. Yet, in their simplic- 
ity. the proposed trenches and 
concrete barriers amply justify 
the official claims made about 
their safety. Public ignorance 
about radioactivity, often wil- 
ful' should not be allowed to 
become an impediment to 
sensible policy. 

Sincere local objectors, tak- 
ing exception to the scale of 
development proposed by the 
Nuclear Industry Radioactive 
Waste Executive must be 
given their say. Yesterday’s 
announcement signalled only 
that the process of site selec- 
tion will shortly begin. It could 
lake months before the town 
and country planning inquiry 
envisaged by the government 
will be set in train. Objectors 
will have plenty of time to 
marshal their case. 

Ultimately the decision will 

level" nuclear wasie. and lhe ■ to : "political" in the sense that 
comparative ease of its dis- judgement about ti* sites will 
posal are facts. Its volume has fall within the discretion of 
little or nothing to do with ministers. That fact makes 
nuclear reprocessing, and the lobbying by the residents of 
environmental lobbyists do South K-illingholine and 

Maldon and the other possible 
sites quite legitimate, both 
within and outside the con- 
fines of an inspector's inquiry. 
But what the’ Government 
must not do is allow any 
departure, from the procedures 
as how laid down. 

Where the national interest 
potentially conflicts with the 
local, no procedure is perfect. 
The mechanism of an inquiry 
under the town and country 
planning acts is much less than 
perfect. The system requires a 
judge (the minister for the 
environment) whose 
impartiality is questionable 
insofar as he also has 
responsibility for dumping 

For some yezrs. govern- 
ments of all siripes have 
avoided serious thought about 
an alternative form of inquiry. 
The siting of a Third London 
Airport, and the Sizewell in- 
quiry have been good exam- 
ples of inquiries that were far 
more to do with national 
policy, qn transport and en- 
ergy, than with a specific 
location. Likewise dumping. A 
national commission to estab- 
lish principles might have 
been a better mechanism than 
squeezing everything into a 
town and country planning 

. The facts are, that the 
hazards posed by burying low- 
level wastes in shallow 
trenches are small. On the 
comparative canvas they are 
negligible. Suitable locations 
will be found. The rest is 
politics, in which the Govern- 
ment can do nothing better 
than remind MPs and public 
that space can and must be 
found in the nation's back- 

From Sir Paul Bryan. MP for 
Boothferry (Conservative) 

Sir, Your leader of today (Feb- 
ruary 24) rightly draws attention 
to the dangers implicit in the 
proposal to bring television and 
radio within die scope of the 
Obscene Publications An. a fac- 
tor of equal importance, however, 
is the damaging effect which such 
a development would have on the 
standing of the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority and the 
Board of Governors of the BBC. 

Both these bodies were brought 
into existence to supervise the 
day-to-day functioning of 
broadcasting on Parliament's be- 
half. Action on the lines envisaged 
in Mr Winston Chucchitrs private 
member's Bill would inevitably 

Minors and GPs 

From lhe Secretary of the British 
Medical Association 
Sir. h is unfortunate that the 
confused wording of the General 
Medical Council's revised guid- 
ance (report February 13) has 
obscured ibe real issue in your 
I correspondence columns. 

It is not ibe duties and 
: responsibilities of doctors who 
proceed to give contraceptive 
advice or treatment to under-age 
girls which is the issue, as both the 
BMA and GMC are in complete 
agreement on that It is their right 
to consult a doctor in confidence 
at all. Mrs Gillick did not ask lhe 
courts to rule on this point, and 
neither did they consider it. other 
than to emphasise lhe importance 
of this right being preserved. 

The result of the GMC revised 
guidance is that an under-age girl 
may feel she can no longer consult 
a doctor without her parents being 
informed, both of the fact that she 
has consulted the doctor and of 
the information which she dis- 
closed. A girt can no longer be sure 
that her consultation will be kept 
secret unless she is certain that she 
can convince the doctor that she is 
“mature" within the GMC"s new 

‘Thinking big 9 

From Mr A. F. Wigram 
Sir. The brace of condescending 
and complacent letters you pub- 
lished today (February 19) from 
leading industrialists. John Har- 
vcy-Jones and Michael Edwardes, 
arc enough to makefile man in the 
street (though Tory to the back- 
bone) begin to despair. 

Surely there are other ways of 
building up a company, of as 
Michael Edwardes puts it, “think- 
ing big", than buying up other 
companies -? in other words, 
expansion by production rather 
than acquisition. 

Surety the massive cash ■ 
accumulations we have seen 
thrown into the takeover battles 
which Sir Michael applauds could 
be used to set up factories to make 
for ourselves the “television sets. 
American video shows, foreign 

have the appearance of a public 
rebuke to them and make their 
task more difficult to perform 

If the supervisory powers con- 
ferred on them are thought to be 
inadequate — not. as far as I am 
aware, a widely held view — the 
remedy lies in adjustment to the 
Broadcasting Act. not in a move 
which appears to take no account 
of the fact that the provisions of 
the Obscene Publications Act are 
considerably less stringent than 
the guidelines already imposed on 
the broadcasters by the two regu- 
latory bodies. 

Yours faithfully. 


House of Commons. 

February 24. 

guidance, and few under-age girls 
are likely- to take this risk. 

Perhaps Mrs Gillick (February 
20) and the Master of the Guild of 
Catholic Doctors (February 19) 
could tell us whether the same 
situation applies when girls wish 
to confide in their priest, and if 
not. why not? Unless, of course, 
one accepts Mrs Gillick’s view 
which appears to be that under-age 
girls should be prevented from 
even consulting a doctor without 
their parents' consent 
The GMC guidance on this 
issue is not. of course, mandatory 
and the clinics, fearful of the 
public health consequences, have 
announced that under-age girls 
can consult them in confidence. 
The result is that girls at risk wifi 
now be even less likely to consult 
their own family doctors who not 
only are in the best position to 
help them but who are also most 
likely to succeed in persuading the 
girl to involve her parents, and so 
enlist the essential support which 
they can give her. 

Yours faithfully. 

JOHN HAVARD. Secretary, 

British Medical Association. 

BM A House. 

Tavistock Square. WC1. 

February 20. 

cars and even such humble items 
as foreign-made hand tools and 
garden implements'* which, 
according to John Harvcy-Jones. 
people in this country are not 
prepared to forgo. 

Wc have seen American. Japa- 
nese. German and Australian 
companies and entrepreneurs 
come to this country and set up 
new business on greenfield sites or 
greatly expand existing 
“bankrupt” British companies 
and thrive. Why is it that British 
management cannot compete with 
foreign management even on its 
own home ground? 

The sad truth is that British 
management seems to be dearly 

Yours faithfullv. 


6 Queen Street. 

Mayfair WI. 

February 20. 

Righting a tax 

From Mr M. H. Tester 
Sir, Although the insidious 
development land tax has been 
repealed, there is a serious anom- 
aly that requires attention. 

A man lives for 20 years in a 
large house where he brings up a 
family. Because the house is big he 
pays more than his fair share of 
rates. On top of that he has an 
even higher assessment because he 
has a large garden. For 20 years be 
cheerfully pays his way. employs 
help in the garden upkeep, and has 
the satisfaction of providing a 
haven for birds and bees and an 
environment attraction for his 

His children are now grown up. 
He decides to sell the house and 
retire. He believes the sale wifi be 
free of capital gains tax. as it has 
been his sole residence for 20 
years. Not so! 

The capital gains tax exemption 
applies only to a house with an 
acre or less of land. The rest is 
taxable, unless you can persuade 
the district valuer that the extra 
land is a necessity in view of the 
character of the house. 

The man seeks professional 
advice. He cannot get any; nobody 
knows what the district valuer will 
decide. He may be an ami-garden 
man who thinks that the ideal is 
green concrete hosed down once a 
week, enhanced by plastic daffo- 
dils. He may be a solcialist who 
considers that no man should own 
more than one acre and that those 
who do should be heavily taxed. 

This uncertainty must now be 
removed. Any house where a man 
has lived for more than one year 
should be able to be sold free of 
capital gains tax and the limitation 
of one acre only must go. 

A man should be able to assess 
his taxation, and not be left in a 
state of uncertainty even if he 
lakes professional advice. 

All it needs is a simple clause in 
the Budget- Can we now persuade 
the Chancellor to insert it? 

Yours faithfully. 


Long Barn House, 


West Sussex. 

February ’I. 

Shackle In Nepal 

From Mr R. Bran . 

Sir. As a teacher of 30 years' 
involvement with the Nepalese 
people I was delighted with your 
editorial I February 18) expressing 
“concern for Nepal's communities 
of Christians". 

In 1 952 there was not a single 
Nepalese Christian resident in 
Nepal. By the time of the first 
royal visit in 196 1 there were some 
200 (of whom seven were in 
prison for a year for the “crime" of 
being baptised, and an eighth, 
their pastor, on a six-year sentence 
for baptising them!). Today, by 
your own account, there are 
35.000, still a tiny 0.2 per cent 
minority, ver growing rapidly 
despite the following obstacles: 

!. Obsolete laws, barely modified 
since 1768, when Prithwi Narayan 
Sha, ancestor of the present King, 
subjugated the Newars of the 
Kathmandu Valley and drove the 
small Nepalese Christian commu- 
nity into exile in India. 

2. Periodic unlawful police harass- 
ment and confiscation of goods, 
with no warrant and no redress. 

3. Extreme poverty and simplicity 
of most hill Christians and hence 
vulnerability to police or vindic- 
tive neighbours using the threat of 
the law for personal gain. 

4. Deliberate non-involvement by- 
Christian aid agencies, such as the 
United Mission to Nepal (with 
whom I served for several years) 
in direct evangelism, or Church 
govern men l 

5. Britain's upholding of Nepal's 
stance on religious “freedom” 
(despite its dissonance with that of 
the UN, of which Nepal is a 
member) through a tri-partite 
agreement whereby Gurkhas serv- 
ing in the British Army are denied 
the right to become Christians 
without being penalised. 

Yours faithfully, 


62 Kings wood Road. 



Green belt pressures The missing matron 

From Sir Peter Hordern. MP for From Mrs Ruth Lyon 


The uprating of social se- 
curity benefits announced this 
week has been ritually de- 
nounced as “a pittance for the 
poor”. It will provide mothers 
with an extra lOp per child a 
week, from July, a sum so 
small as to be hardly worth the 
administrative bother of 
change. Even the pensioner, 
on ibe largest of the states 
regular benefits, will receive 
only an extra 40p each. Barely 
enough, complain the poverty 
lobbies, to buy a couple of 
extra stamps - to stick, 
presumably, on letters of com- 
plain L ‘ 

Such complaint would be 
misplaced. For over a decade, 
substantial annual upiatmgs 
have been needed to com- 
pensate the state’s dependants 
for price increases. Big in- 
creases wen? bad news, not 
good: made necessary by tne 
severe erosion of purchasing 
power caused by high infla- 

tion. This trapped pensioners 
and others on a switchback of 
living standards, as fixed bene- 
fits held their real value only 
for a few weeks. 

It was not only the un- 
certainty that hurt- The higher 
the rate of inflation, the more 
of each year pensioners and 
others had to spend at real 
levels of income signficantly 
below those set at uprating 
time. The smaller the increase 
needed to compensate for 
inflation, the less pensioners 
have suffered a loss of purchas- 
ing power over the intervening 

■This July’s uprating will be 
tiny simply because prices 
have risen only 1.1 per cent in 
the eight months since last 
May. That reflects greater day- 
to-day security of living stan- 
dards than pensioners have 
enjoyed since the early 1970s. 

Admittedly, this particular 
figure is something of a quirk. 

In the process of shifting the 
uprating date from November 
to April (thus bringing it in line 
with the financial year), the 
Government has fixed on a 
period with coincides with a 
temporary dip in inflation. But 
it provides an early warning of. 
the change of attitudes that 
should follow the disappear- 
ance of inflation. 

Politicians, for their part 
can no longer pretend to 
generosity with cash increases 
in benefits that have no 
permanent value. Increases in 
benefits, as and when they 
choose to make them, will 
have real costs. But pension- 
ers, for their part, must 
recognise that there would be 
no automatic necessity for an 
annual uprating; indeed, that 
benefits which need not be 
increased provide a better 
guarantee of living standards 
than the illusory advantages of 
a raw with inflation. 

Horsham (Conservative) 

Sir. Mr Whinick’s letter (February 
18V proposing a new town at 
Billingshursl or Pulborough, in 
my constirutency, is the latest 
suggesting that West Sussex be 
changed beyond recognition for all 
time. Let me say why I think such 
a proposal is wrong. 

The South-east is relatively 
more prosperous than the rest of 
the country. Can it make sense to 
concentrate such success still fur- 
ther by attracting more people to 
the area? Surely, it would be better 
to revive the economy in areas 
where people now live. Not before 
lime, the Government is now 
instructing some local authorities 
to sell part of the 100,000 acres 
which they already own within 
cities and which have been identi- 
fied as land which should be 

One' of the most exciting na- 
, tional developments is the great 
expansion of business in the City 
of London. So, why not build a 
new town in Dockland, in addi- 
tion to the work already proceed- 

Why not abolish the Rent Act 
for first-time lets, so that more 
existing accommodation could be 
brought into use? Better roads 
would help. too. 

Finally, if town and counity 
planning has any validity at all m 
our crowded island, then West 
Sussex should be allowed to plan 
its future growth with confidence 
that il will not be overlaid with 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Commons, 

February 18- 

Sir. As a member of a health 
authority for many years I believe 
that your correspondent. Mr 
Nicholls (February 17) cannot be 
allowed to get away with his 
totally false picture of the struc- 
ture of the new general manage- 
ment of the health service. To say, 
as he does, that 95 per cent of 
genera! managers appointed are 
“former NHS nurses, doctors, 
administrators or other 
professionals” conveys a nice 
encouraging picture of a healthy 
blend of talents and experience 
with nurses well in the forefront 
This may suit Mr Nicholls’s case 
but reality is very different 

The first returns of 179 general 
manager posts in the regional and 
district health authorities showed 
the appointment of 1 13 former 
NHS administrators. 10 doctors 
and only five nurses. 

1 do not wish to enter here into 
the debate on the Griffiths report 
as a policy, but it is wholly 
misleading to claim it turned out 
in practice to be anything other 
than a benefit performance for 
existing administrators; that it has 
failed to bring in significant talent 
from outside, and failed in 
particular to bring into manage- 
ment — as opposed to “advisers” 
— those skilled and experienced 
nurses who used to be the back- 
bone of the health service before 
the position of matron was abol- 

Yours faithfully, 


1 1 Riversdale Road. 

Thames Ditton, 


February 18. 

Sunday trading 

From the Chairman of Storehouse 

Sir. How naive of Mr Crouch 
( February 20) to expect to find any 
enthusiasm for Sunday trading at 
a meeting arranged by the Canter- 
bury Christian Council. 

I wonder if he would expect to 
find any enthusiasm for the views 
of the Tory Party at a well 
advertised meeting of the Canter- 
bury Labour Club? 

And as -for the adjacent letter 
from Viscount Tonypandy. when 
will the “Keep Sunday Special” 
protestors concentrate their minds 
on the effect of the withdrawal of 
ail labour on Sundays, or do they 
really believe that shops are more 
sinful than. say. pubs or petrol 
stations or the church shops? 

Yours faithfully. 

Storehouse pic. 

The HeaPs Building, 

196 Tottenham Court Road. Wl. 
February 21. 

Motorway mess 

From the Marquis of Lansdowne 
Sir, As I drove yesterday, in winter 
sunshine, from central London to 
Heathrow Airport, 1 experienced a 
sense of pride in being a citizen of 
no mean city. Pride, alas, was soon 
succeeded by disgust as 1 contem- 
plated the grass verges of the M4 
motorway which for mile upon 
mile were littered with rubbish. 

I wonder how our foreign 
visitors react to this introduction 
to England's green and pleasant 

Yours faithfullv, 




February 21'. 

Safety first 

From Mr E. f< '. Pritchard 
Sir. Recent public pronounce- 
ments suggest that any healthy life 
style should include some mild 
irradiation at a convenient nuclear 
fuel plant or a little subsonic flight 
in a cracked aeroplane. 

As I seldom have these opportu- 
nities. could safety experts suggest 
any more prosaic activity to 
ensure longevity. Motorway ram- 
bling perhaps? 

Yours truly. 


144 Shaftesbury Avenue. WC2. 
February 19. 

Staying power 

From Mr Eric Pearce 
Sir. On the relatively rare occa- 
sions when 1 wear my winter 
dinner jacket in this cold weather. 

I am grateful for the warmth in 
which 1 am wrapped. During the 
war it was my doeskin number one 
naval uniform. Silk facings and a 
stripe down each leg converted it 
into a serviceable double-breasted 
dinner suit 

These clothes have now seen 
active service for some 44 years 
since I first wore them as a pilot in 
the air branch of the Royal Navy. 

h is. I suppose, the only dinner 
suit in the world to have flown i 
under lhe Tay bridge in a Walrus l 

Yours faithfullv, 


Boxgrove Cottage, 

High field Road, 

West Byfleet, 

Surrey. ] 

February 21. ] 


FEBRUARY 26 1817 

Junius Brutus Booth (1 796-1852) 
was engaged by Coivnt Garden as 
a rival to Kean at Drury Lane. 
Dissatisfied with his salary, he left 
after two performances to join 
Kean, leaving that theatre after 
only one performance as logo and 
returning on a better contract to 
Cone n I Garden. The reference in 
the report to the "OF. times" is to 
September, 1809 when, after die , 
rebuilding of the theatre, seat 
prices were increased, an act 
which led audiences to riot with 
the cry "old prices". Among 
Booth s children were the famous 
actor Edwin Booth and the 
infamous John Wilkes Booth, the 
assassin of President Lincoln. 



Mr. BOOTH, who has within 
the last eight days been a sort of 
shuttlecock between the two 
Houses, had nerve enough to 
appear last night before tbe audi- 
ence, in his former character of 
Richard the Third. Anticipating 
the reception which a person under 
the circumstances in which Mr. 
BOOTH seems to have placed 
himself, was likely to experience 
from a public whom in so short a 
period he has twice disappointed of 
their pleasures, the managers of 
Covent-garden had stuck up plac- 
ards on every wail in the vicinity of 
the Theatre, stating that Mr. 
BOOTH'S engagement at Drury- 
lane had been improperly proposed 
by the sub-committee of that 
establishment, and hastily and 
thoughtlessly acceded to by him - 
that the Covent- garden managers 
has set forth a legal claim to the 
services of Mr. BOOTH, stipulated 
by a prior agreement far three 
years, between them and that 
acton and that on being fully 
apprized of the force of their 
preceding claim, Mr BOOTH had 
renounced his bargain with the 
rival theatre, where he would 
nevertheless have not failed to 
perform, according to promise, on 
Saturday evening, but for the 
severe agitation of mind and bodily 
illness under both of which he 
laboured. The managers then 
pleaded on behalf of Mr. BOOTH, 
his friendless and unprotected 
youth, and prayed the indulgence 
of the public. We are not fond of 
considering theatrical squabbles as 
proper subjects for the display of 
much gravity or warmth in the 
newspapers. In the present in- 
stance we have no intention of 
deciding on the point of law 
between the Drury-Iane committee 
and the managers of Covent- 
garden. If the former actually 
violated the courtesies hitherto, for 
the sake of mutual convenience, 
observed between the two estab- , 
lishmepts. by soliciting an actor in 
any degree connected with the 
sister theatre to become a member 
of the Drury-Iane corps, any 
agreement founded on such a 
breach of usage ought not to be 
sanctioned by the audience. But 
the levity and indiscretion of this 
young man ought perhaps to 
receive some unequivocal marks of 
reprehension; for. whether pro- 
voked by disappointment at the 
parsimonious offers which are said 
to have been at first held out to him 
by Covent -garden, or flattered and 
inflated by the eager propositions 
urged upon him by the other 
theatre when that disappointment 
was at its height, Mr. BOOTH 
uught undoubtedly to have kept in 
mind, t bat tbe public was a parity to 
ail hi* proceedings: that the expec- 
(at «»n«i of a London audience must 
nut be made the sport either of his 
vengeance or his vanity; and his 
common sense might have whis- 
pered to him. that they could not 
be made so with impunity. We 
went last night not a little curious 
to see how far our views of the 
business was corroborated by that 
of other people; nor were we left 
long in suspense. The house was 
crowded beyond all precedent; and 
the audience, especially that por- 
tion of it which was crammed into 
the pit. seemed, except in a very 
few cases, to be moved by the 
fiercest indignation. Mr. BOOTH 
appeared, but was speedily dis- 
missed without a bearing. Mr. 
FAWCETT then came forward, 
but equally without success. Notes 
were thrown upon the stage, but no 
opportunity was given to the 
Manager of acting upon their 
suggestions. Hisses, bootings, and 
cries of ■'Off, off," were launched 
from all quarters of the bouse 
whenever the least attempt was 
made to explain away tbe offence, 
or propitiate the public favour. 
Finding the ears of the audience 
impenetrable, the actors then were 
satisfied with addressing them- 
selves to the eye. As in the times of 
the old O.P., the tragedy was 
converted into dumb show, and the 
only voices heard were those of the 
spectators- Indeed, the O.P. of 
former times hardly ever flourished 
with greater luxuriance, or raged 
with more sublime confusion 

Seen along the line 

From Mr R. H'. Jackson 
Sir. I was much amused to read Dr 
Paul Fursdon's letter (February 
12) regarding the lack of scare- 
crow's in the countryside. 

We have just obtained the 
marketing rights in the UK for a 
novel binlscaring device - a lough 
PVC inflatable “man" mounted 
on a pole to pivot and move. 
When dressed in old clothes this 
new scarecrow - called “Jon Doe" 
- does in fact look exceptionally 
realistic and is much less of a task 
to erect than the good old- 
fashioned “Worzel Gummidge" 

Yours faithfully, 


Peanoy Ltd, 

Highbridge House, 

12 Purfleet Street, 

King's Lynn, 
February IZ 









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February 25: The Princes* 
Anne. Mrs Marie Phillips, this 
morning addressed the Annual 
Convention of the Institute of 
Directors at the Royal Albert 
Hall, London. 

Her Royal Highness, Presi- 
dent of the British Knitting and 
Clothing Export Council, later 
visited Plan eve Limited (trading 
as Mark Anthony) in London 

Mrs Malcolm limes was in 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, this evening dined with 
the Chatham Dining Club at St 
Ermin's Hotel. London SWl. 

The Hon Mrs Legge-Bourkc 
was in attendance. 

February 25: The Prince of 
Wales. Trustee, The Royal 
Academy Trust, accompanied 
by The Princess of Wales, this 
evening attended the Beethoven 
Gaia Concert in the Reynolds 
Exhibition at The Royal Acad- 
emy of Arts. Piccadilly. London 

Viscountess Campden and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson were in attendance. 

February 25: The Duke of 
Gloucester this afternoon 
opened the Central Library. 
Clements Road. Ilford. Essex. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 
February 25: Princess Alexan- 
dra this evening presented the 
Sports Personality of the Year 
a ward s of SSVC Television and 
BFBS Radio at the Royal Army 
Medical College. MiUbank. Lon- 
don SWL 
Lady .Angela Whiteley was in 

The Duchess of Gloucester will 
attend a gala dinner and fashion 
show at the Hotel Inter-Conti- 
nental on March 3 in aid of the 
Greater London Fund for the 

A memorial service for Lord 
Derwent will be held at St 
Margaret's, Westminster, today 
at noon. 

A memorial service for Mr 
Brian Lawrence will be held at 
St Bride's. Fleet Street today at 

A memorial service for Mr Sam 
Spiegel will be held at the West 
London Synagogue today at 

Birthdays today 

Lord Bridge of Harwich, 69: Mr 
Justice Farquarson. 58; Sir 
James Goldsmith. 53: Dr BJ. 
GreenhilL 66: Captain John 
Noel. 96: Mr W.R. Price, 60: Mr 
E.D. Weekes, 61. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr C.R.R. Joly 
and Lady Rose Scon 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, younger son of 
Lieutenant-Commander and 
Mrs James Joly. of Cherington, 
Gloucestershire, and Rose, 
daughter of the late Earl and 
Countess of Eldon. 

Mr G J.E. Jenkins 
and Miss J. Bridge 
The engagement is announced 
between Graeme, elder son of 
Mr and Mis Kenneth Jenkins, 
and Joanna, daughter of Mr 
Christopher and the Hon Mrs 

Mr S.A.B. Brown 
and Miss TA Timlin 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, son of Mr and 
Mrs S.G.B. Brown, of 
Broughton. Hampshire, and 
Trudie. daughter of Mr EJ. 
Timlin, of Hook Norton. 
Oxfordshire, and Mrs P. 
Mackesy. of Heythrop, Oxford- 

Mr P.B. Carter 
and Miss VA. Lazarus 
The engagement is announced 
between Patrick, son of Mr 
Brian Carter and the late Mrs 
Joyce Carter, of Cape Town, 
South Africa, and Victoria Lou- 
ise. younger daughter of Mf and 
Mrs Alan Lazarus, of CranJeigh. 
Surrey. - 4 

Mr M.R. Donegal) 
and Miss D-A. Ecketf 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, fourth son of Mr 
P.T.N. Donegan and Mrs E 
Donegan. of Petworth. Sussex, 
and Deirdne. daughter of Mr and 
Mrs K.S. Eckett, of Lima, Peru. 

Mr P.M. Sits* 

and Miss EM. Turner Bridger 
The engagement is announced 
between Patrick, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs John Siese, of 
Wimbledon, and Emma, daugh- 
ter of Mr Michael Turner Brid- 
ger and the late Patricia Turner 
Bridget and stepdaughter of Mrs 
Michael Turner Bridger. of 
Odiham. Hampshire. 

Mr C. Upton 
and Miss B. Moreland 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of Mr 
D.B. Upton, of Wroxham. Nor- 
folk. and Mrs B. Upton, of 
Brentwood. Essex, and Barbara, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs D. 
Moreland, of Craigavad. North- 
ern Ireland. 

Mr D.W.B. Snow 
and Miss P.P. Taylor 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of the late 
Mr If. Snow and Mrs J. 
Steward, of U pottery. Devon, 
and Paula, daughter of Major 
D.N. Taylor, MBE. of 
Tam worth. New South Wales, 
and Mrs R. Taylor, of Yateley. 



Mr S.E. 
and Miss AD. Barton-Brown 
The marriage took place on 
February 20. in Newton Abbot, 
of Mr Simon Booty and Miss 
Annabel Burton-Brown. 

Mr RJ. Phillips 
and Miss E- Floyde 
The marriage took place in 
Taunton on February 21. 1986. 
of Mr Rupert James Phillips and 
Miss Elisabeth Floyde. 

Albeit medal for 
Prince of Wales 

The Prince of Wales is this 
year’s recipient of the Ro 
Society of Arts Albert med 
awarded lor distinguished merit 
in promoting the arts, manufac- 
ture or commerce. 

A spokesman for the R$A 
said yesterday: **We want to 
recognize the diversity of en- 
couragement. so easily taken for 
granted from members of the 
Royal Family, which the Prince 
of Wales has given across the 
foil spectrum of industry and 
the arts. 


HM Government 
Mrs Lynda Chalker. Minister of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, was host yes- 
terday at a luncheon held at 
Lancaster House in honourofM 
Gijsben Van Aardenne. Deputy 
Prime Minister and Minister for 
Economic Affairs of The 

Commonwealth Parliamentary 

Sir Robin Vanderfelt. Secretary- 
General of the Commonwealth 
Parliamentary Association, gave 
a luncheon yesterday in the 
Houses of Parliament in honour 
of the Prime Minister of 
Vanuatu and Mrs LinL Others 
present included: 

Mr Silas HaKwa. Mr R Malaga. Mr 
Betieay KaioOU. Mr Joe Nanmin: 
Baroness WJnie. Mr Mark Carlisle. 
PC. MP. Mr Timothy Barton. MP. Sir 
John Stradlino Thomas. MP. Mr 
Andrew Uniacti and Mta* Yvonne 

Lunchtime Comment Club 
Lieutenant-General Sir Peter 
Hudson was the guest speaker at 
luncheon of the Lunchtime 
Comment Club held at the 
Connaught Rooms yesterday. 
MrS. John Holt, vice-president, 

Royal Horticnltmal Society ' 

Display of winter colours 

By Alan Toogood, Horticulture Correspondent 

Imaginative ideas for plant- 
ing schemes for the winter 
garden can be seen in a gold- 
medal exhibit at the Royal 
Horticultural Society’s flower 
show, which opened yesterday 
in Westminster. 

Bressingham Gardens, of 
Diss, Norfolk, have staged a 
collection of dwarf conifers, 
shrubs, heathers, perennials 
and bulbs, which have been 
carefully selected for their 
winter colour and interesL 
The conifers, especially, are 
attracting considerable inter- 
est from the many visitors, 
including the bright golden fir, 
Abies nordmanniana Golden 
Spreader the deep bronze 
prostrate Microbiota 
decussatas and the blue-green, 
flushed purple, Juniperus 
horizontaUs Turquoise 

Three artists have also won 
gold medals: Ivor Coburn, of 
MagherafelL co Londonderry, 
watercolours of garden flow- 
ers; Christine Hart-Davies, of 
Poole, DorseL mosses, liver- 
worts and lichens; and Su- 
zanne Lucas, who is showing 
beauty of colour in toadstools 
and other fungi. 

In the RHS competition for 
ornamental plants, the Crown 

Estate Commissioners, The 
Great Park, Windsor, a re lead- 
ing prizewinners, and have 
gained first prizes for 
Hamamelis japonica 
Zuccariniana (yellow Bowers), 
Acer palrrthtum Sango Kaku 
(red' bark). Ilex aquifotium 
Golden Milkboy (yellow var- 
iegated foliage), Pinus 
moniicola (large cones): and 
for Hamamelis vemalis (red 
form). Daphne laureoia (green 
flowers), Parmia persica (red 
flowers) and Garrya eUiptica 
(green-grey flowers}. 

In the British Ins Society’s 
competition for early spring 
irises (reticulatas), J. Hawkins, 
of Swanley Village. Kent, has . 
been awarded the Mini- 
Peckham Cup. He is showing 
the varieties Harmony. Angel 
Eyes and Joyce (all blue). S. 
Lmnegar. of Reading, has 
gained most points in the 
show, and his exhibits include 
a pan oCIris Sin pens, with pale 
grey-blue flowers. 

The following orchids have 
received the award of merit: 
Phalaenopsis variety Trinity 
(subject to registration of grex 
name), white, spotted pink, 
Cymbidium variety Mont 
Millais, (subject to registra- 
tion of grex name), green, with 

crimson lip, Cymbidium Fan- 1 . .-p- r -T 7 * t.T thr'mrr 
cy Free rariety Jersey, pale 

green with crimson lip, Cpn~* 81, was a Scottish-born 
bidium Pontac variety' Trin- 
ity, deep crimson, all 
exhibited by the Eric Young 


Prominent Canadian socialist 

The Hon T.C Douglas who 

formed the 

first pro 
ministration in _ 

This was distinguished by 
collectivist and cooperative 
enterprises weft as state-run 

of 81. was # a 

Baptist minister who aban- 
doned the pulpit to become a 

exmoneo oy me tnc Young successful medical and motor insurance. 

Orehid Foundation, of Trin- 

Uy, Jersey, Cymbidium Castle ^5^esuccS?^a> 

of Mcy vanety Ihntae, pale] ETW> W 

the first leader of Canada's province vhactocpxxxtT 
New Democratic PartY tradition of jnggedindmduaj- 

Thomas Oemem Douglas ism was Jeep 
was bom on October 20, 1904. argued p oStical a bB j t fr 
at Fa lki rk and was taken by above the average, and when 
Jus-parents to Canada ini910. . in 1961 a new Ltfbsh party 
After being e du cated at coun- called the New Democratic 
try schools, be took a variety 
of jobs to pay his way at 
Brandon College . and 
McMaster University in 

Hamilton, Ontario, and also 
took post-graduate courses at 

the University of Chicago. .. ... 

At McMaster he was gold However an mternal feud rn 
medallist ia oratory, debating the Labour Cong ress an d -the 
anti dramatics, and he was refusal of man y ag rarian sop- 
bantam-weight boxing chant- porters oftheOCr in the West 
pion of the University of tobacka party .which they 

pink, shown by McBeans Or- 
chids Ltd, of Lewes, Sussex; 
Paphiopedilum armemadoh 
Lincaz, deep yellow pouched 
flower, shown by L.K. Archer, 
of Stoke-on-Trent, Stafford- 
shire; Ladiocattleya Change 
Princess, brilliant ' orange, 
•exibited for Fred Stewart, of 
California, by. Vascberot arid 
Lecoufle; Papkiopedilum Cop- 
per Spice variety Fresco, pink 
and gold, shown by Raiclifle 
Orchids, of Didcot, Oxford- 

Other plants which gained 
the award of merit: Erica 
canalicuJata . a tender 
house shrub, white an 
flowers, shown by Tresco 
Abbey Gardens, Wes ofSrilly; 
and an un-named camellia 
hybrid for the- cool 
greenhouse, deep pink, shown 
by . Dr JA. Smart,' of 
Barnstaple, North Devon. 

The show is open today 
from IQ am to 5 pm. 

was organized through an 
alliance of foe CCF and the 
Canadian Labour Congress, 
Douglas was diosen as its first 
leader, resigning his premier- 
ship to devote himself to its 

Memorial services 


English-Speaking Union 
Dr Bishnu Persaod, Director of 
the Economic Affairs Division 
of the Commonwealth Secretar- 
iat, was the guest speaker at a 
meeting of the English-Speaking 
Union Current Affairs Forum 
held at Dartmouth House last 
night. Mr David Griffiths. 
Director of the Current Affairs 
Unit of the ESU. was in the 


Association of British Laundry, 
Cleaning and Rental Services 
Mr Norman Fowler. MP, Sec- 
retary of State for Social Ser- 
vices. and Rear-Admiral WJ. 
Graham, Director and Secretary 
of ihe RNU, were among the 
guests of the Association of 
British Laundry, Cleaning and 
Rental Services at a dinner held 
at Guildhall last night to cele- 
brate the centenary of its forma- 
tion. The president. Mr Richard 
Oliver, presided. 

United and Cedi Chib 
The United and Cecil Cub 
dined in the House of Commons 
yesterday evening. Sir Hum- 
phrey Atkins, chairman of the 
dub. presided and the guest of 
honour and speaker was Mr 
John Egan. Mr Simon Coombs 
also spoke. 

Science report 

Surrey research aids shanty town 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Set in the middle of Pern’s 
coastal desert, Luna has a 
fast-growing population of six 
million people and a water 
crisis that is increasing almost 
as rapidly. 

The huge city has almost no 
□sable rainfall and its under- 
ground natural reservoirs are 
recharged only by foe often 
sparse flow of foe Rimac river, 
and from leakages from indus- 
trial. irrigation and domestic 

One answer to Lima’s water 
shortage would be a scheme to 
bring water from the Mantaro 
river, a tributary of the Ama- 
zon, through a tunnel in foe 
Andes and a stepped series of 
hydro-electric plants. But foe 
project has been costed at a 
minimum of SL500 million, a 
sum unbearable to the Peruvi- 
an economy. 

Other simpler, cheaper 
ways of getting water to the 
people have to be found, and a 

modest initiative in the shanty 
towns on foe edge of foe dty 
has shown what can be done. 

A well is being dog and 
water will be pumped to a 
master storage reservoir and 
then fed to supply secondary 
tanks and standpipes, but until 
the basic work is done, the 
shanty dwellers of Huaycan 
have to exist on 15 litres id 
water each, delivered daily by 
tanker from the welL 

However, the water has to 
be made safe for human 
consumption. To achieve this, 
an environmental chemist, 
Maria Luisa Castro de 
Esparza, from northern Peru, 
and a team of teenage girl 
students are teaching foe local 
women bow to test foe water. 

Using portable sampling 
sets, from a design produced 
by scientists at Surrey Univer- 
sity, they check foe water from 
the tanker, and from the oil 
drums into which it is poured. 

for cloudiness, aridity, bacte- 
ria, and other health Imwnk 
At foe same time, the women 
are given guidance on related 
practices of hygeoe. 

The experiment in Huaycan 
appears to be have bees 
successful in protecting the 
shanty dwellers from at least 
some infection, although other 
sanitation problems have still 
to be tackled. The sampling 
sets are being used and dem- 
onstrated in other shanty 
towns in conjunction with 
basic health education. 

Such schemes mil not solve 
Lima’s chronic public water 
supply problems. But nutfl die 
city either finds the money to 
fund foe Mantaro scheme, or 
conies up with other ways to 
improve its existing system, 
they represent a fragile 
lifesprisg in the desert 
Source: World Water, 
January/February, 1986. 

Lord David Cecfl. CH 
The Queen Mother was repre- 
sented by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Sir Marlin Gilliat at a memorial 
service ' for Lord David 
Cecil.CH, held yesterday ai St 
Barthokjmew-the- Great ECI. 
The Rev Arthur Brown offici- 
ated. Dr Hugh CeriL son. and 
Prebendary Gerard Irvine read 
the lessons. Mr Jonathan CeriL 
son. read from the works of 
William Wordsworth and Wil- 
liam Shakespeare. The Rev 
Robert Prance led the prayers. 
Among those present were: 

Mr and Mr* Angelo Hornak rton-m- 
Uw and daughter). Mn 

Cedi and Mn Hugh Cedi (daughters- 
in-law): Conrad. David end demeciae 
Cecfl and Leo Hom a t* (graxt- 
cttfMmu: the Maraueas and Mar- 
cniofies* of saitsoury. viscount and 
Vtacauoteat Cran borne. Lord Mtcrtad 
CedL Lady Rose nawn -Thomas. Mr 
R A cecfl. Lord Hariecn. Lady 
Harlech, the Han Jotw OnnsDy-Oore. 
the Hon Mrs Rainey. Dr and Mrs 
Dermod MacCanhy. Mfet Sophie 
MacCarthy- Mis Mara MacCarnty. Mr 
and Mrs W Pease. 

The Duchess of Grafton. Potty 
Marchioness of Lansdowne. the 
countess of Avon. Ihe Eaxl and 
coumess of Longford. Ihe Earl of 
Drogheda. Vtocount Ecdes. CH. and 
Viscountess Cedes. Viscountess 
Hammeden. Vtocount Macmillan of 
Ovendeu. Katharine Viscountess Mac- 
millan of Ovenden. viscount and 
VKoufUesi Esher. Baroness phot of 
Harwood. Lady WakehursL Lady 
Ciadwyn. Mary Lady . Howtck of 
Glendale. Ute Dowager Lady 
wakehmt. Lady Downing. Lady 
Elizabeth Cavendish. Lady Amabel 
Ulldsay. Lady Violet PoweU. Lady 
Mary Clive. Lady Margaret Douglas- 
Home. the Hon Lady wanefletd. Die 
Hon James Oollvy. the Hon Lady de 
zuiueta. me Kin Mrs * 

Morgan. Str 

Lady Osborn. Sir Brian 

Richard , 

warren. Pauline Lady Rumbold. Lady 
Meyer. Sir taiahBeffln. OM. and 
Lady Berlin- Sir Lees and the Hon 

Lady MayaU. Sir John Johnston. Sir 

William Keswick. Lady (Edgar) 
Bonham -Garter. 

Mr ana Mis Ludovtc Kennedy. Mrs 
Reynolds Stone. Mr. George cave. Mrs 

J Ayles. professor James Jell. Mr 

Charles Brand. Mr Robin Hafonurt- 

williams. Mr Patrick Garland, email 

Raben. Mr John HadflehL Mr and Mrs 

Ferdinand Mount. Mrs Nod Blakrtton. 

Mrs Fiona Martin. Mr Gerald 
Bowden. MP. 

Miss EUtawih Jenkins 

President of the Family Di- 
vision, also representing Uie Bar 
Yacht Club, were present at the 
memorial service for Mr Justice 
Forbes held at the Temple 
Church on Monday. The Master 
of the Temple officiated. Mr 
Justice Sheen read the lesson. 
Among those present were : 

Lady Forbes (Widow). Mr Aiasdair 
Foroes Ison). Mrs Susan Murphy and 
Mtos Airtoo Forties (daughters!. Mrts 
Sarah Ingle (stepdaughter). Shaney 
Murphy and Maurice Murphy tgnmd- 
chlidreii). Mr and Mrs Patrick Forbes. 
Mr and Mrs Martin Forbes (brothers 
and ststervln-taw). Mrs Maureen 
Kuban mnri Dr and Mrs Tom 
Andrews (brother-tn-taw and stswr-tn- 
law). Mr Duncan Forbes. Mr Jeremy 
Hullah. Mn Sauy Berrktge. Miss pm 
F orbes. Mr and Mrs James Fi ‘ " 
Adams. Mn Eileen Andrews. 

viscount Colville of Cutron. QC. 
and Viscountess CalvtOe. the Right 
Rev Kenneth WooUcombe. Lady Lane. 
Lord and Lady Bridge of Harwich. 
Lord Te mp ted tar. Lord Oliver of 
Aytmerton. Lady Redcttffr-Maud. 
Lord and Lady Hams of Greenwich. 
Lord saktrioTbulwlclj. QC. and Lady 
Stikin. Lord Justice rdSvHls. Lord 
Jusuce waudns. vc. Lord Madcay of 
Oashfern. QC- Lord and LadvGrlf- 
fltha. Lord and Lady Brandon Of 
OaXbrook. Lord Ackner. Lady LyeH. 

Lord justice and Lady Gibson. Lord 
Justice May. Lord Justice Croom- 
Johnson. Lord JusOce Stocker. Lord 
Goff of Chieveiey. Lard Justice Wood. 
Lord Justice GtwewelL Lord Justice 
and Lady DUton. Lord Justice Mein. 
Sir, John Stephenson. Lord Justice 
O'Connor. Lord Joafloe O h a t no 

Dame Mary Donaldson. SrHeteniB 
MUmo. Rear-Admiral Sir Morgan 
Morgan -Giles. Mr Justice otion 
(representing presiding ludoes. Mid- 
land and Oxford OrcuNl. Mr Justice 
and Lady Hofttngs. Mr Justice and 
Lady Bristow. Mr Justice Poptdewou. 
Mr Justice Falconer. Sir David and 
Lady Lane. Mr Justice Reeve. Mr 
J notice Webster. Mr Justice WMtford. 
Mr Justice McCuflough^Mr Justice 

and Lady Maim. 


Miss EUzauein Jenkins (Jane At 
Society). Dr Harvey McGregor ( _ 
den. New College. Oxford I. Mr Ben 
Guzebrook (Chairman. Constable and 
Company) and Mrs GJazebrook. Mn R 
N Pearse l Hardy Society). Mrs I M 
Owen (Poole Arts Federation). Miss 
Rachel TMckcft (principal, si Hugh's 
College. Cambridge). Dr L A stedentog 
tKeWe College) and Mr F Q « Ftsher 
Ideguty secretary. I loartm as tu* Con- 

Mr Jastice Forbes 
The Lord Chief Justice, the 
Master of the Rolls and Trea- 
surer of the Middle Temple, 
who gave an address, and the 


QC. sir John Thompson. Mr justice 
Gi nr ley. Sir Dads Dobson. QC. Mr 
Justice Ralph K liner Brown. Sit 
Robert MKkfeUrwaiL QC. Mr Justice 

Lincoln. Mr Justice Sheon. Mr Justice 

and Lady French. Sir Mtcbad w*tr. 

Mr Justice Stuare-SmHh. Mr Justice 

Turner. Lady Farauharsao. Mr Jus- 

tice Hodgson. Mr Justice Btngiuun. 
Mrs Jusuce Booth. Mr Justice Latey. 

Sir John wnirt. Sir Richard Hayward. 

Sir Owen AMwr (Royal Yachting 

Association) with Mr J M Evans 

(chairman. RYA Council): cww n 

Hacking (secretary general, iiuer- 
oaflooai Yacht Racing Union) wim 
: Mr J Power (Royal 

I with Mrs Power; Judge 

King (commodore. Royal 
Lyrtdngton )adtt Chd» with Ms 
tang Mr Peter Rountree (Royal Yacht 

SuuadronL Mr P V wnpsurre (sec- 

retary general. Ship and Bod Butkfere 
National Federal km). Mr DavM 
Ramsden Cirlce-chalnnaii. Wewi 
Yachnny Association). Mr d Rtraraer 
(commodore. Thames Yacht CJubl. Mr 
H S Maxwell - Wood (Herbert Smith 

and Company). Mr Desnond FennrtLL 

QC (leader. Midland and . Oxford 
Clrcull). Mr Alexander Hermann 
(representing the Master of the Crown 
Office) and Mr Dsvfci Edwards 
(representing the Secretary General. 
Law Society). 


mg Club)' 


Latest appointments include: 
Mr Leonard Appleyard to be 
Ambassador to Hungary in 
succession to Mr P.W. Unwin, 
who will be taking up a further 
Diplomatic Service appoint- 

Mr Peter Stofoard to be Joint 
Deputy Editor of The Times. 
Mr David Flynn to he Managing 
Editor, Mr Michael Hoy to be 
Managing Editor. 

Mr John O'Sullivan to be 
Associate Editor, responsible for 
the l ea der and Oped pa 
Mr Richard WaUams 
Features Editor. 

Mr Ivan Barnes to be Foreign 

Lleatenant-Colenel M.R.G. 
Llewellyn to be Vice-Lord 
Lieutenant of West Glamorgan. 
Mr E-G. Thomas and Sir 
MeJvjn Rosser to be deputy 
lieutenants for the county. 
Brigadier H.Y. La R. Beverley 
to be promoted Major-General 
on July 7 and to be Major- 
General Training Reserve and 
Special Forces, in succession to 
Major-General J.H-A- Thomp- 

! Latest wills 

to be 

Mr John Desmond Cronin, 
Labour MP for Loughborough 
1955—79, left estate valued at 
£304.459 net. 

Sir William Robert Fraser, of 
Hampstead. Permanent Sec- 
retary, of the War Damage 
Commission and the Central 
Land Board 1949-59, and part- 
time chairman 1959-62 left 
£268.260 net. 

Mrs Lena Gaunt Singer, of 
Pouhon-le-Fylde. Lancashire, 
left £541.882 DCL After bequests 
of £15.600 she left the residue 
equally between the Royal Ma- 
sonic Hospital and the West 
Lancashire Masonic Charities 
Fund. Liverpool. 

Mrs Natalie Goodman, of Leeds. 
West Yorkshire, left estate val- 
ued at £846,973 net. After 
several personal bequests she 
left the residue to Dcmisthorpe 
Hall Home for Aged Jews. 

Mr John Ulf MachelL of Penny 
Bridge. Cumbria, left estate 
valued at £1 .452J168 net. 

Chnrch news 


He was ordained to the 
iptisi Ministry and rained a 
reparation as a first-rate 
preacher, until in 1934 he. 
embarked on a political career 
by an abortive attempt to 
entente provincial legislature 
of Saskatchewan. 

A year later he was elected a 
Federal member, and at Oita* 
wa enhanced his reputation so 
much that m l 944 be returned 
to Saskatchewan to become 
provincial leader of the Coop- 
erative Commonwealth Fed- 
eration. Largely as a result of 
his leadership, this secured a 
decisive majority in Saskatch- 

tbougfat was dominated by foe 
labour unions, combined to 
make the 1962 election results 
diappomtiqg, Douglas's own 
first attempt as leader to win a 
House of Commons seal in his 
Saskatchewan constituency, 
proving a failure. 

Later that year however he 
was successful for a British 
Columbia constituency and 
although he was was to softer 
defeat in 1968 he won a by- 
election in another BC constit- 
uency m 1969, serving m the 
House of Commons until his 
retirement in 1979. 

. He had remained leader of 
the NDP until 1971, 


Sir Clifford Naunton Mor- 
gan. FRCS. a distinguished 

The Rev Edward Holland, 
vicar of St Mark, Bromley, 
Kent, has been appointed 
Suffragan Bishop la Europe, 
in succession to foe Right 
Rev Ambrose Weekes. He 
wiD assist foe Bis him in 
Europe, foe Right Rev John 
SattMthwarte, whose diocese 
covers Anglican churches 
awl phapiamnpa qj conti- 
nental Europe from Norway 
to foe Azores. . 

The Rev Derek Rossefl is 
appointed an honorary canon 
of Canterbury CatbedraL 

_ The Rm J B Pnty. Assistant 
Curate. Lincoln. Boulttism. diocese of 
Lincoln, to be Rector. FtsMofL same 

■T) 1 C Her M E- Ridley. Diocesan 
Stewardship Ad\torr in the diocese of 
Ponsrooutti. wd Curate- in -charge of 
Si John ihe Baptist. Rowlands Castle, 
diocese of f .rtsmoulh. to be Team 
VKar in 1 - Norm Craedy Team. 

Mirusny. n. - ~%e ot Exeter . 

The Re- : > O i Rcosda*. Curaie. S) 
Laurence. Lpmlnster. diocese ot 
Chelmsford. 10 -be Vicar. St Luke 
MoUsham. same diocese 
The Rev l W L Sherwood. Assistant 
Curate. St Lukes. Or ell. and Chapiain 
of BUPnge HosplUL diocese. Of Liver- 
pool. l° be Chaplain, the Church of the 
Resurrect (on. Bucharest. Romania, 
diocese Of Europe. ’ 

The Rev M Smith. Assistant Min- 
ister. .51 Peter. HaiitweU. diocese Ml 
Manchester, to be Vicar. Si Martin. 
Cambridge, diocese of Eli'. 

The Res P J Taylor. Vicar. Great 
Staugnion. diocese of Ely. to be 
Rector. Of tor d D'Arey and Off ora 
Ctuny. and vicar. Great Paxton, same 

The Res D I walker. Vicar. 
CroOand Moor, diocese of Wakefield, 
to be vicar. Kirion-in Lindsty Group, 
dfocesr of UiKOtn 

The Re% A J Wynne. Chaplain. 
Archbishop Teolson's Grammar 
School, diocese of London, lo he 
vicar. SI Anne. Hoxton with St 
Columba. same diocese. 

Resignations and retirements 

The Res C M H Frere. Rector. 
Ingham Croup, diocese of Lincoln, to 
retire June 29. 

The Res P S Robinson. Vicar. 
WhapkJde Drove and Gedney HIO. 
diocese or Lincoln lo retire on July 31 • 
The Rev P B M wuuamson. vicar. 
UtUe Thurrock. SI John, diocese of 
Chelmsford, retired on February i 
Canon tt M Maftby. vice-Dean of . 
Ihe Cathedral Church of Christ and 
the Blessed Virgin Mary. Chester, 
diocese of Chester, to retire on June 

contribution in the field of 
colon and rectal surgery, died 
on February 24, aged 84. 

Bom in 1901, be was edu- 
cated at the Royal Masonic 
School and at University Col- 
lege, Cardiff He completed 
hlS pw-dirail training at St 
Bartholomew’s Hospital, Lon- 
don, and was elected FRCS in 

He then went to foe Metro- 
politan Hospital and later to 
St Marie’s Hospital for dis- 
eases of foe rectum and colon. 
He impressed his chie£ Sir 
Charles Goitdon-Watson, so 
much that he. became bis chief 
assistant at Bart's. 

In 1950 he also became a 
consultant surgeon at the Met- 
ropolitan Hospital. His main 
interest was in intestinal sur- 
gery, and in 1957 he was 
appointed to. the staff of his. ' 
Alma Mater as assistant direc- 
tor of the surgical unit and 
consultant surgeon, to St 

During foe war be served in 
foe Royal Army Medical 
Corps, rising io brigadier. He 
served in foe Middle East as 
OC 42nd General Hospital, ■ 
later foe 15fo Scottish Hospi- 
tal, and, then 'became consul- 
tant surgeon tofoe Persia- Iraq 
Force and to East Africa 
Command- -He - was men- ■ 
tioned in despatches. 

; He was civilian consulting 
surgeon to the Royal Navy, 
the Army, and the Royal Air 
Force, mxl an honorary Fetr 
low of many overseas societ- 
ies. . 

He gave the Bradshaw Lec- 
ture at foe Royal CoBe^e of 
Surgeons in 1964. the Vicary 
Lecture ( I967J and was Arthur 
Sims Tra velling Professor in 

He. was twice -President of 
foe Section of Proctology at 
foe Royal Society of Medicine 
and was' also President of the 
Association: of Surgeons of 
Great Britain and Irriand. 

His wwk was mainfy con- 
cerned with the avoidance of 
colostomies and ileostomies, 
and the prevention of inconti- 
nence. £a 1938 he carried out 
the first synchronous com- 
bined excision of foe rectum 
at St' Mark's with Mr O.V. 
Lloyd-Davies. Because of the 
advent of war, publication on . 
tins was defayeduntit 1948. 

He was knighted m 1966. 

He will be remembered not 
so much for his surgical 
prowess or his many honours 
as for bis infectious friendli- 
ness and as a popular lecturer. 
As a raconteur he bad few 
.equaku He had surgical green 
finders, but humility and the 
patient were his foremost 

He married in 1930 - Ena 
Evans; they had two sons and 
a daughter. •• 


Kenneth Can the, who died on 






Beyond the elegant Lutyens facade of Grosvenor House, lie the 
most exclusive private apartments in London. A number of 
these are now available for short-term occupancv. Serviced 
by a hand-picked permanent staff of 150 people, from valets 
to antique restorers, they are offered with a standard of 
personal service rarely found in the world today. Every detail 
from hand-ironed shirts to your favourite mineral water toa 
specially prepared private supper party is taken 

care of. quietly and unobtrusively. And if you tire of the 
impeccable round-the-clock roemn service, there are three 
fine restaurants to chobse from, all within Grosvenor 
House. You'll also have membership of the Grosvenor 
House Health Club with full access to the private pool and 
Nautilus-equipped gymnasium. And one thing more. 

The worlds most exclusive address -Pork Lane. London. 
For more information call us on 01-499 6363 



.1 Tri-'flu «iro- Fi Hi- ( u. Iii-iil 1 Dih-i 

Thasthoose Forte Hotels 

An uncommon sense of occasion ' >* a 

Ttx> Rn J W A Vvoodv RpcIOT. 

Hamburgh w Mtfion-on ihe-HHL dF 

oc«c of Shr*ffirtd. (o be also Rural 
Dran of Wato. «mr dnmsr. 

The Rot P F Varomenl. Vicar. St 
Pwcrx. Brthopwonn. arm Rural Dean 
of Bcdmintolrr. dioreto of Brrttol. lo 

nr ourtljm targr. Wirk w Doynton 

and Dvrtvam. wmc diorrsr 

Rcamiions and retirements 

. Tho Rh D C Cardn^r, Vicar. 
JCi nglon Langtry, and R« 1 or. Drived 
Or nr. ditxcto ot rrorr in 

_ Tlv Rev R Bagnali. virar. TMTtnaiL 
Smrcby and SI ant on by-Brwgr. dl- 
orrif of Droby. lo rdirr In U)» soring. 

■ Canon C E Bonrc. Recior. 
Bar [borough, dlornso of Dnby. lo 
rwirp m the surrmw 
, Canon D A TasxHL vicar. All 
Samw. Sprtrnj Park. Croydon, dlocose 
of Sou in wars, lo rfiiro on Juno 50 
_THf Rn r w a Won. Vicar. Chnsl 
Church. Brockham Groon. and prlosi- 
In rhargr. Si Mirhaers. Bclrtiworlh. 
diomo of Southwark, to rcUr* on 
war 3i . „ 

Canon G Tornltmon. -Vicar. 
Overton, diocosc of Blackburn, to 

wiw on Arm is 

University news 


Dr J H Atkinson has been 
appointed u> a personal, chair in 
soil mechanics. 

Dr S Haberman has been ap- 
pointed to a personal chair in 
actuarial science. 

Dr B Littlewood has been 
appoimed to a personal chair in 
software e^incering. . . 

Dr C Mitchell has been ap- 
pointed to a personal chair in 
international relations. 

Dr J Pick has been appoimed to 1 
a persona] chair in arts policy. 
Mr D Grant has been appointed 
visiting professor in the Gradu- 
ate Centre for Journalism. 

The following have been ap- 
pointed honorary visiting 

Dr F K Garas, (civil engineer- 
ing): Dr P H G Allen, (mechani- 
cal engineering): Pi 
Sydenham, (school of electrical 
engineering and applied phys- 
ics): Dr F J Evans, (control 
engineering): Mr' S Benjamin, 
Professor E Grebenik, 
(mathematics); Professor W E 
Euet. (property valuation and 


5 SSSWE. S 1 R p Itiwro tuL (chetn- 

g2£a B8CW 

Senior wetwm: Dr M Barrett ubcW 
and humarrfflrs); Dr A JaTOie. 
ftruunen scnoolK Mr a Jona, (centre 
tor Biwiiwgs sriieng araiysrti: nr s 
Stanton, irousso.. . 

Lft M to MW 

Mr R c Goodman. _Mr_ ft l Woo*. 

February 1 1; aged 86, was an 
authority on international 
railways and had designed 
rollinp stock for railway sys- 
tems m India and China in thn 
1 920s and 1930s. 

Bora in London on June 15 
1899, youngest son of foe 
tropical disease specialist Sir 
James Cantlie, he was educat- 
ed at Gordons College, Aber- 
deen. In foe First World War 
be was unable to joinfoe army 
because he bad lost foe sight of 
an eye, and trained instrad as 
a field ambulance driver. 

After the war be served an 
apprenticeship at . Crewe 
Workshop and was appointed 
to foe Entre dos Rios Railway, 
Argentina, in foe tarty 192%. 
He then joined the Jodhpur 
State Railway where be de- 
signed new coaches, some of . 
which are still used on Indian 
luxury tourist trains. 

In 1929 he was offered the 
of technical adviser to foe 
inese Ministry of Railways, 
where he initialed the design 
of new passenger carriages and 
locomotives, one of which is 
now preserved in foe National 
Railway Museum, York. He 
was appointed trustee of foe 
Boxer Indemnity Fund and 
was awarded foe Order of 
Brilliant Jade. 

In 1 937 he came to England 

for an eye operation, but was 
prevented from returning to 
China by foe outbreak of foe 
SinCKlapanese war. 

In the Second World War he 
was posted to foe War Office 
where he conducted tank load- 
ing experiments on flat wag- 
ons, . and was in chaise of 
military railways in foe inva- 
sion area, which included rail- 
mounted cross-Channel guns. 

In 1942 he was appointed 
War Office Liaison Officer 
with direct access to overseas 
commanders in all theatres of 
war, and subsequently AAG 
Liaison, Eastern Command 
and London District. After the 
war be was transferred to foe 
Control Commission for Ger- 

He left foe army in 1948, 
and was appointed Overseas 
Representative of the Loco- 
motive Manufacturers’ Asso- 
ciation, travelling extensively 
and advising foreign railways, 
which included the setting up 
of the large locomotive works 
at Chitteranjan, India 

He was an early Western 
visitor to Peking and subse- 
quently made frequent visits 
to Chinai He remained presi- 
dent of foe China Society, 
until foe end of his life. 

He married Phyllis Gage- 
Brown in Shanghai in 1931, 
and is survived by his three 


The Reverend Alfred. Rus- 
sell Woolley, headmaster, 
educational ' adviser 

WooUey's long and active 

educational adviser and not^ S hon^ n f I ^ < l? 5 ' 5- s 
priest, died at Sudbury’, Suf- loyalty to Wa5Lm d ^ i 1 ^ 
Folk, on January 27. ag& 86. font Wadham *** Ox- 

He started life as a Unitari- 
*2 J^ ter 1 *Garae a member 
CjJUJJ* of England and. 
a ky reader in 
I960 ' ^ ordain «i 

January 27. aged 86. 
Born in Birmingham in 
1899 be: went to King 
Edward’s Camp Hill Gram- 
mar School and from there to 
Wadham College. Oxford 
where he was Symons Exhibi- 

Having taught at 
Bromsgrove. Replan and The 


After leaving fo e aDDoint- 

Leys, he was appointed head- Essex^tiM o£) Sl % ho J pe - 
Scarborough CoUege tlJ 5wBL IS 

thpn until IQT4 front 

then until 1974. 

Although not outwaidlv an 
emotional man. h e iWirS 
8«at affection nsp,red 

Stxumnam. Mr 
toimnesi sdvxjjro 

C J , warturton. 
, - . ..fcDr J A Long, iwtrtrr 

for buttons wstem anatowor Mr* H 
M Brook* (information xtencM; Mtoc 
‘ M McKft Ootonaam): Ms R 
rnrrAnixH, Mty R C Herman. M* S M 
whiMmiL CCflnirai ownmuntoattoo 
g WI U L 

in 1933. 

In 1937 be became head- 
master of Wellingborough 
Grammar. School until, fir 
1 945 be was made Education- 
al Secretary to foe Oxford 
University Appointments PbsquaJe Festa 
Commmee.wtere his advice who wrote 
and support beuefited many ■ Rocco and for 

who later achieved national ~ ru ~ r — ■ Brothers and 
prominetce in their own ca- 


K>\ | , 


(JtfiJiJf ij» IxSuD 

- he, 



O ne of the points we make about 

the role of OUr mnciilnnfc ic 

^^the role of our consultants is * 
that it is not so much a job but more 
a way of life. 

We know, from experience, that the 
calibre of the applicant we -send our 

clients largely depends on the calibre of 
the consultant who saw the applicant in 
the first place. 

As Clausewitz might have put it, if he 
had considered the matter, it takes a 
good ‘un to spot a good ’un. 

turned down ay invitation 

f to Bustiquo. She* a enjoying life 

too much with Senior Socwtariea#^ 




£10,000 neg Brussels 

The European headquarters of an 
ttnenun vdematenal ttwter 
company recently established m 
Brussels a toddng tor a young 
secretary with minimum s/h 
speed of 80 worn. English mother 
ton®* and fiucr-cy a spoken 
French You writ be asssung the 
General Manager who wil pue 
you the opportunity to tarmhanse 
yourself with aS dwisions of the 
company Your abMy to work 
under pressure wffl be much 


Excellent career prospects and an 
attracts* frmge benefits package. 
Telephone 010 322 735 4125. 

Uxbridge £10,000 

The Managing Director of a nationwide group of rubs and restaurants 
needs a fcvely. intelligent secretary, with sound s/h skills and total 
confidence in their WP ability. 

Thrs appomtment offers the opportunity to become involved in the 
creative world of advertising, promotion and design. 

YouH need a totafly outgoing personality and mmmm 

a happy disposition to respond to an often Cnnrnr- ^ 

entertaining and always e*aung career .OdllUl W 



£12,000 plus subsidised mortgage 







Are you a dynamic career minded PA seeking a challenge? If so our 
client a high-powered American chief executive of a major company 
m EC1. would like to meet you. This position demands initiative, 
motivation and willingness to take responsibility. Your knowledge of 
the city and talent for building a rapport 
with clients will be invaluable. C 

Skills 100/60. aged 24-35. OClUOT W 

Telephone 01-606 1611 SeCTetarieS 

If you have the right skills 
there's a lot of well pad tem- 
porary assignments in the 
Square Mile wading for you. 
Apart horn secretarial skills it 
would be wonderful if you were 
on fust name terms with WPs 
and PCs. such as Wang. IBM PC 
with Multimale, every kmd of 
Olivetti. Digital. Wordstar and 

It you defay giving us a nng 
you're not just losing time, 
you're losing money! 

Telephone 01-606 163L 


Up to £11.000 
The owner and chairman 
of a professional con- 
sultancy advising top 
companies in the UK 
and overseas needs a 
well qualified PA The 
chairman is looking for 
enthusiasm, initiative, 
intelligence and someone 
who can anticipate and 
organise a busy schedule. 
Beautiful offices, free 
lunch and BUPA. Skills 
100/60. WP experience 
essential. Age 23/35. 

Telephone 01-499 0092. 





• y 

Where do bankers find staff with 
sterling qualities? 




An equal opportunity employer 

Secretary to 
Finance Director 

Greenford, Middlesex to £8,400 

required by Lyons Tetley, one of the UK’s most successful food 
manufacturers, at thert 45 acre Greenford sfte where the famous 
branded products are made. 

Company headquarters are also on site and you wffl act an 
important fink with the Boardroom as wefl as the cfirectors of 
subskfiaries throughoutthe country. You wffl determine the priority 
of incoming caffs and correspondence and refer, comment on or 
(tea) with them as appropriate. 

You should have the tact and discretion to hands highly 
confidential matters, draft letters with minimum guidance and 
cope with critical deacflfnes and lots of pressure. Referred age 
range mid twenties plus. Exceflont audio and WP skifis, together 
with good personal and professional p resent a tion required. 
Attractive bef&fits include discount on a wide range of grocery 
products, subsidised meals and 25 days annual holiday. 

Please contact ms for an appficaflon form or write with fid 
det a i ls. Carmel Ryan, Assistant Recr u itment Officer, Lyons Tetley 
LtcL, 327-347 OkJfiefd Lane North, Greenford, Middlesex, 
UB6 DAY. Tel; 01-5782345 ext. 502. 



A Broad Canvas 

£ 10,000 


Broad scope is a key feature of this unuaol secretarial 
opportunity working an the rerbousiqg of one of the most 
important collections of rerafesance art In London. This is a 
rregor project, schedided id take at least the remainder of 
the decade. Reporting <S reedy to the project leader you wffl 
orgpnfee committee meetings; coordinate the activity of 
eonsufemts and archteas etc and handle kxs of’ VIP travel 
and entertainin g. As the project develops. so boo wffl yotr 
role within it. A good education, and some senior level 
experience, are essential. Good skJJb (90/ 60) ar e also 
requested. Age 24+. Please telephone 01-493 5787. 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London W1 

(Recrugment Consultants) 


C£10 r 500 

Two May to bracd comp- 

Admin Secretary 


agg am s with secmarol 
skilk. hup wcfbL Bath there 
poahions require per s ons 
who would evrainaRy Bkc to 
pursue a career beyond the 
secretarial field. Good 
I benefits. 

c£1(MW6 + BONUS 

Are yoa satan. wtfl groomed 
possessing afl the social 
goes and good sktHtfThcn 
ibis im. co. needs yon to as- 
«a » Exec; and o r gs n is e 
him with his busy office and 
social Jife. 



Leading agency requires 2 
Scc/PAs wtih good ddDs and 

The company Is 

, methodical recreant 
wtt an tomn w dona ; 

reputation In rlik andyss and security As Its Adndn Secretary yen 
wf ba oencrafiy Invoked to office management: and sdratanrabon. 
Dhcmton. rdabfltey and c o mtaenriKajacyanitsHtn rial wfeas 
Numerical aptitude h also Important (some bo ok-feeepa ^ 
experience meftri, not essential). Good typing/ngty shorthand 
requested. Age 22+ , Phase telephone 01-493 5787. 

Gordon Yates Ud. 

35 OM Bond Street, London Yin 

nccNcm presentation. Both 
positions areal Director level 
and need ptod working tract 
records. Bags of mnimive 
and people person* please. 

PR cE8£00 

Are you a gogcucr. sw i t ch ed 
on. with plod skills? Then 
Urn comp a ny needs you W 
asses: on new business in- 
volving dealing with ibe 
press and cfccntdc. 
OX-935 8235 


Tasteful Temping. 


No hassles. No let-downs. Just plain, simple, high grade 

A taaefal packer of top jobs, eDle rates and thoroughly 
professional service; 

If vtm haw sound iills and experience, you should be 
talking to ‘The Tftxt Shop* 

Telephone Sue Godte on 01*409 13 3 2 . 

^■^■1 Bee nii naenl C o nuh nnte 

Bntmw a portal Hw wortT 
of nUM dollar onao 
wOcn vo u MU hv MO oT 
IW dmacntr young com- 
pony. Hr H ■mohed In Sir ; 
wumgiO or luxury MM ; 
ana flats and if mm itowi 
an Mnnl mm can Mara : 
an snoot im j ow m I M I 
P u Mwfc. vow n m»wl 
and arrarnte typing talus 
wtB Dr luOy nlRnrd In ibD 

£ 11,000 

Use your natural charm end oonidanoe jo 

tqpous 9KU fast lor weatend snoots m w cowy aataia. 

vm amaor of ttM i m a m aM wnwiw 

seoowte rkaw w«te mtemm » you wteroaporetoWy tor 

BS sood acwttes. 5Wks S0/80. apo » - as. 


THc try* pnsSU* 

PA IQ assm B>evbu8ySemor Partite. With owra B wauPW 
pfttv tor me au B MMtm oa of ttw tey comtwny you w» w» 
rwwfl « pofacy «m*m and organfa m b» 
uxeollont range of te rete a re of*wd to the cotedanhal 
secret aiy wan a good te t fiora manrer. 



629 8863 



Yes. w need you now on 
our fully stretched tem- 
porary team to work for 
a variety of micrcstmg 
diems in -ll» WE and 
Ciiy » very good raw. 
Skills 80/idOsh or audio. 
50+ typing. Agr 19-23. 
Please calk- 

437 4187/89 



Euston f ftOOO-f 9300 aae 


1 nrpmoltonal amvOM. nnv 

Uom. MM of propto roman 
and onBnhuig lo br dose. 
AH m hcM/na a! various 
(uMiionv arranur arcomnn- 
damn for out or I own 
nrrcuiKr*. Crrrrwr iB l Wills 
80 'SO Protriionat pmm 
Laoon and Ihe abuMy to dew 
w«h prowe al an tov«» atw 
lutHy wmiay. 

Comarl Janr Capon on 
<*sa 1840 




To Senior Partner 
Covem Garden 
c £11.000 

Write with CV to 
Miss Vince Kemp & 
Hawley. 13 Mon- 
mouth • Street 
London WC2H 

The International Maritime Satellite Organization 
(INMARSAT) provides global satellite communications to 
shipping ana is now extending its services to aircraft as 
well An international cooperative, with 45 member 
countries, INMARSAT recruits personnel from around the 
wodd, and so far has more than 160 staff from 30 different 
countries at its headquarters in London. 

Our Procurement department bandies multi-million 
dollar satellite purchases, with the evaluating held behind 
locked doors. As secretary to the manager ana one of his 
team, you will keep trade of highly conndential 
documents, occasionally take notes at meetings, and deal 
discreetly with bidding contractors. Use your shorthand, 
and possibly your French. Our offices are fully automated 
using the Wang system. 

Five weeks’ leave, free medical, dental, optical 
insurance, new subsidised restaurant, pension scheme, 
season ticket loan. 

Telephone Sn Jackson on 01-3S7 9089 for an 
application form or send your cv. to: 

The Personnel Manager. 
London NW1 ZEQ. 

International Maritime 
Satellite Organization 



Historian requires Person- 
al assialan! wtth good 
a ccretortal sldUs lo worn In 
«iM Kensington Home. 
Knowledge of SpaoM and 
Inlrresl in coditentponsy 
poUUcs and free market 
e toi W HUcs essential. Start 
Ing salary £80<X>pa_ 
Please write with CV lo; 


Dear Temp, 

Are you working for peanuts instead of 


A senior executive m a 
major international firm 
needs a PAfcecmaiy 
with an eagle eye to 
beip him in his tioabic- 
shcotiog/detecnve role. 
As Dr. Watson to his 
Sherlock Holmes yoa 
wffl give him fall secre- 
tarial support - often 
with very confidential 
material, and help 
administer his depart- 

The ideal candidate for 
this post wiQ be aged 
25-26 with sound speeds 
-(100/60) and an 
unerring instinct for 

We pay the top rates and holiday pay for 
W.P. operators, secretaries and typists. 

Call Angela Buckley for West End 439 
8311 or Rachael Block for City 920 0866. 

Olivetti 10/10, 20/10 W.P. OP’s especially 

Temping could even become enjoyable. 

PA to MD 

01-437 1564 

& Associates Ltd 
I Rcatstinent Consultants 
1 130 Regent Street. London W1 

I A friendly, wed esiab- 
b*bed firm of architects In 
WC1 Is looking for a pro- 
fessional Personal 

Assistant to organise the 
Managing Directors busy 
hte and lake responsibility 
tor arranging and mlnui- 
ln« board meetings. You 
should bate speeds of 
120+. 60. and a good CV: 
rxperienre in a related 
field would be an advan- 
tage. Non smoker. Age. to i 
SO. Please ring:- 

434 4512 

£1 0, 000-E1 2,000 plus 

Wc arc looking for a quick-thinking exceptional person 
to bead up a small team based in the Wesg End and to 
become involved at a senior level as the company 
grows. Full training and support will be given but we 
arc keen to find someone with all the innate qualities 
and ability required to find people jobs and run a 
temporary secretarial team. 



You should be a good judge of people, have the confi- 
dence to project your personality in a marketing role 
and be able to handle a demanding administrative 
work load. You will need the menial agility to allow 
you io enjoy the work folly and the stability to over- 
come the frustrating aspects of your job. 

Thr MD or the London 
buying office of an 
I American corporaUon 
owning Department 
stem in the US needs a 
PA. This b an extremely 
varied lob with sob of cB- 
! enf rotuarl and offering 
fun brvoK email for 
someone wtth mtnuP- 

asm. good organisational 
skins and the abJUty to 
set prtortlirs whUe often 
. working under pressure. 
You will need to be a 
qwrk thinker and have 
esreonu . s ecret ar ial 
WIN 1100,60 and au- 
dios a«m: zs-35. 

Applications are invited from candidates aged 23-13 
with at least 2 ‘A* levels who have previously held both 
a secretarial job and an executive job- 

£8366 + Perks 

Please apply with full Curriculum Vitae and a contact 
telephone number before 12th March. 

TOK well known Varqr 
ppMMtoap Muh urpnaty 
needs a PA Secretary to 
ibe PuMUMng Openor 

veuw easy going and 

good run. wanes a keen, ef- 
lirtem PA who k 

Crone Corkill 

18 Eldon Stroet EG1 

am Ihr rttUorlal «*« 
wilh shorthand, hrauig 
and a « anety of related 
arim l ma li a lion. 

West End office 
629 9686 

tin. n you hair good sum. 
a lit el v grrsowaldv and 
twin! a pounon wdh ml. 




Have you previous experience working as a Sec- 
retary in Administration as wed as accounts? 
If so. then this may be an excellent opportunity 
for you to work for this prestigious Private Hos- 
pital for both the Associate Executive 
Direct or/ Finance and the Company Secretary. 
We need someone who enjoys working under 
pressure, who has a fast accurate Audio typing 
speed, rusty shorthand, excellent telephone 
manner, and who is used to sending internation- 
al telexes. 

If -you an: interested in this position please 
phone or write to the Personnel department for 
an application form on 586 5959 extension 

, Z ' uj 

§ 2 

? Property | 

| Matters £ 12,000 ^ 

Z Located in luxurious new West End offices £ 
S you will play a key role in co-ordinating the S 
• administration of this prestigious interna- • | 

> tianal property company. Some secretarial Eu 
CJ work is involved along unth client liaison and 1 1 

the smooth running of the office. This is a q 

2 high profile position which requires a special g 

> secretary with style and a calm and profes- ^ 

3 signal approach to their work. Skills: 100(60 

n Age: 25-40 U 

s High Finance ;= 

4 in the City c.£ 11,000 £ 

A Senior Director of this successful intemq- 5 
$£ tiorud bunk is looking for an assistant He has . 
z a reputation for being great to work for though !£ 
Z very demanding. He needs full secretarial — 
n 6oc/f up but much more - responsibilities that S 
vnur C'itv background has prepared you for. 

% Skill* 100/60. Age 25-35. H 


■ H umana Hoapil al W ol& ig ton 


8 Goiden Square; London WL 

TeL- Oi-439 602L 

PA/ Secrefanf to 
Marketing JJirector 

Top Salary 


Hour you noticed the improvement to pubs and restaurants over 
the past few ycar& The Semi & Hast Group, part of Grand 
Metropolitan pk, are still setting the pace and as PA/Secretary 
to the Marketing Director, you could find yourself deeply 
invofved in this fxriliKi} Business sector. 

T/tts is therefore a real opportunity for a person with those 
special qualities of flair and imagination who has an outgoing 
personality, good organisational skills and enjoys 

You i riB liaise with design studios, advertising agencies and the 
Company's various operating companies. You'd be involved in 
conference planning, some budgetary control and sales 
incentive programmes. 

Aged 25-35, you should have several years previous experience 
in a marketing environment Extensive use is made of 'Many WP 
al our luxurious, modem ofjfces. so you should have very good 
typing skills. Shorthand is desirable but not essential. 

In addition to an excellent salary, we offer a wide range of big 
company benefits. 

Pteasesend yourc.v.toSharman Read,TheBemi & Host Group, 
1 0b Oxford Road, Oxbridge, Middlesex. 

Chef# Opgn 

brewer house 

<tZgSEli' brewer 


■■ T > 





lljAsk for full details of our ^ 
Cane' package jjm 













West End 








A unique opportunity has arisen within a well known manufacturing company for a 

ihikjuc opporumuy ras ansen wnnin a wen xoown manutactunng company tor a 
graduate with some personnel and PC experience. Initially reporting to the Group 
Personnel Director at their Ciiy HQ your varied brief will cover all aspects of 
secretarial & clerical recruitment, including interviewing, salary administration, 
contracts cic. There is genuine career potential for the successful candidate who will 
be 26-35. with sec. skills of 100/35 & a cheerful, sympathetic personality. 

PleaM ring 588 3535 


The Managing Director of this fosi -expanding department (150 staff) needs a top 
flighi PA/Sec. You will be joining one of the City's major merchant banks in a new 
posit ton. so that you will have the chance to develop the job as you want. The ideal 
candidate will be aged 25-40. with speeds of 100/60. senior levd "City experience and 
the confidence to deal with people at all levris. 

PImw ring 588 3535 



The Cnici Executive or a wrl! established international company needs a secretary 
with charm and senior level experience to support him. Working from superb offices 
in Wl you need skills of 90/60. lacL discretion and excellent administrative abilities. 
Age 35-50. 

Plane ring 434 4512 

Crone Coifeill 

Recruitment Consultants 



to £14,000 

Ths s a newly created position wthui a 

large, expanding manufacturing company 
based m North London for a graduate aged 
25+ wdti personnel or comply secretarial 
experience. H presents an excellent career 
opporiimiiy for an ambitious person who 

can combine determination with diplomacy! 

to £11,000 

the MD ol a bigs rfitenubond nnsutancy 
based in SW1. who advise on employee 
benefits, needs a highly capable PA who 
can work weU under pressure and demon- 
strate good organisational skills. ExcoUeitt 
benefits package Secretarial skills of 
100/50 required. Age; We 20s. 

nr ■ rew7 


, mm m 



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peopl * 

P&rtkmathn in established City WP Bureau- 
to £15,000 

A committed, career-minded person with good 
education and business experience, who takes pride 
in working to the highest standards and has a 
genuine interest in WP. is offered an unusual 

opportunity to progress from a secretarial to a- 
c omm er d aii role to maximise the reward for their 

skills, Whilst these rewards will initially be from 
personally handlisg a major share of the workload, a 
more supervisory rate can develop. Likely age 30s 
and non-smoker. Initial remuneration to £15.000 on 
salaried, profit-share or equity basis s negotiable to 
secure the right person. 

Phase send cv to: Mrs M. Grant 
London Secretariat, 86 Cannon Street 
London EC4N6HT 



far ge company snvironment, and you are now 
ready to fork with top management, this could be 
an ideal career step. 

We are looter® for someone with first-class typing 
sktlte and proficiency on a W.P. (shorthand and 
audio not necessary) who tan divide their time 
between providing general asststance to the 
Managing Director's PA and secretarial support 
far the Group Finance Director. 

Theduties wiH be varied, often highly confidential, 
and call far maturity, initiative and flexibility. For the 
right person, the prospects are excellent. 

In return, we offer acompetitive salary, and agood 
ranged benefits, including five weeks holiday, 
season-ticket loan and company discounts. 

If you meet our requirements, please send concise 
career details to Marion Sfundter, Personnel Officer, 



Upper Saint Matin's Lane, London WC2H 9ED. 
Tel: 01 -8362444 exL 4217 






FROM 5.30 - 7.30 PM 


Opportunity in 

PA 25+ 

Range £9-1 OK 

Bartlett Advertising confewes id expand and now 
requires a eafibre PA to work dosety wdh (he MD and 
lis account handing team. 

Excelent presentation, impressive telephone manner 
and (he confidence to liaise at senior level are essential 
as the poadion involves cgnfflcam client contact 
In addition to sound, accurate secretarial state (guide: 
9Q50 4 WP) you wtf work best within a presarizBd 
environment where ttie workload is heavy, deaeffines 
are tight and the resporaftnUSes ever increasing. 
Numeracy, good spettng and an aptitude tor wnting 
concise correspondence Is a necessity. 

Our move to larger, period offices next month reflects 
our continued success as reenjitinent advertising 
specialists and the right nkvidual wffl enjoy a friendly 
wortang atmosphere and salary cE9k (review August). 
Send comprehens i ve CV. tor the attention of John 
Bartlett. Bartlett Advertising LteL, 13 John Street, 
London WC1N 2EB (no agencies). 


Advertising Limited 


To wort. In busy. friendly Wed End office of international 
ELxrrulhc Search Consultancy. Good secretarial skills 
nwded. tooether wiih a tvdy personality. enthusiasm and 
the abillly lo work with discretion in a confidential 
cniironmnenl. WP training asallaMe. Age 20 - 28. Salary 
r W.5O0. 

Details from UNDY GRUNDY. 

T«b 81-S30 9090 

I N«J M-ndn) 

TO £10,080 a_a.e. CfTY 

Steel) dtoikw piierng ml PA Biwivemenr asssnog manager si mar- 
ketma wirui new anrenn of rt bar*. Previous research e-o a drstina 
advantage S/h mu essemsd. Age 22-30 


rear prranon ntferng rumno n ad aspects o> export sales admrustra- 
ii with a pnbbc company Previous exp not eswroaf Age 21-25. 

TELEPHONE: 01-580 7056 

you don't have to 

W hu should being a Temporary mean all 

wrk arid no plau whm you am yet /uf! 
holiday pay tilth MmSum Nasi}? 

TlMf 's rigk l. full holiday pay. as if you 
u'ere a full-time employee. 

And what's more we uwft ask you for a 
pemu louank ft. 

S o il'Jl pay you lo come in and see us saw 
Contact Victoria x . 

MtriM MacBlam 




Jtwruniyw r^ravnlunw fWOniDKian Hons*. 

Hri'eQ-ttt Sl,or< - Uhu 1 .q \\ ik -iFF.IFni-mcr in K.-rani PI I 


This young firm of mtemational marketing 
consultants is looking for a bright and 
enthusiastic secretary who enjoys working as 
part of a small team. In addition so (he normal 
secretarial duties you wifi be responsible for 
in-house lunches and liaising with a wide 
variety of interesting clients. Beautiful offices 
overlooking St Katherines Dock. Aged 25-35. 
Speeds 100/60. 

35 Brain Race VI. 014837789 



TELEPHONE 01-493 8611 



MD. of creative learn nho masfommd toft conventions taraMd 
(ton extmc Gtes to 5th Awe Nan York require admn/«c wnh 
90/60 wpm and WP io asset weft satas/ptmvng. Heathrow one 
minute to oraarksmg lunches iha next FlentHe attitude as chaos 
rogn®) Age 2228 Cat SCO 8811. 



Uadng Communcatnns group offer unique chance to team a* 
aspects of event oraanttalion ■ tapes range from 
AtSertKmg/Made » Scencfc io Crty Rnanoal. Weapence. inrta- 
twe and ftkpendenl-ihmkafs reamed to ccntnbuto nanm« 
ettorts batond the scenes and an me day ! Typ SSwpm/SH useki 
Cal «93 8611. 

Lortng kr a job mat's more man a bit dMerent? Talk to us 

£8,000 + BENEFITS 

A north West London Company involved . in the 
energy industry requires a secretary for it’s se- 
nior management The successful applicant will 
be working with the Financial Director and pro- 
viding cover for the Managing Director’s PA 
when necessary. 

The duties will be varid including office ser- 
vices. personnel records, and assistance with die 
marketing data base. 

You should be educated io A Level standard and 
have proven secretarial skills with good short- 
hand. The position is unlikely to suite anyone 
under 25 years of age. Knowledge of Xerox 
Word Processing an advantage but training will 
be given. Non-smoker essential Please apply in 
writing to: 

Margaret Forrest, 

PASCO Engineering Ltd., 

118-122 College Road, 


Middx HAI 1PN 



A major trade association seeks a 
sccrciary/office administrator for its Interna- 
tional office in London W2, near Paddington 
Station. In addition to secretarial duties, the 
job entails arranging meetings in Europe and 
the UK with the possibility of some traveL 
Administrative duties involve those associated 
with a small but busy office. The successful 
candidate, probably aged 25-30, must be flexi- 
ble. have several years experience of office 
work, be able to speak and write French at a 
good level, have word processing skills and be 
able to do audio typing. Other languages and 
shorthand would be an advantage. Salary 
£9.000 pa. season ticket loan- available. Please 
send your CV together with a covering letter 
lo: Dr M E LoveitL 6 Bathurst Street, Sussex 
Square. London W2 2SD. 

(No —m e nu 


We are tootang to an experienced Seoatanr tor toe post The 
duties at the post mast id. on the one hand, secretariat work 
concerned with the Convenor's (Professor Richard Layanl) teadang 
dates and (cunartiy) those ol two other academics aid on the 
other hand with secretarial, admhtistiartve and bison work con- 
cerned with the Convenor's and Aditanstretive Seoelarie s 
responstottoes for the admms w tton id toe Apartment. 

The tatter duties involve working dosety with ant deputising for the 
es wiffi good shorthand and typing speeds and willing to undertake 
some mathematical typing and word processing work. Much d toe 
work is confidential and a tagh fevet of dscretion is redirect. A 
tlextote aid hunorous approach is Use tfesrabJe. 

Erceitam oondflWRs of service indurte generous holidays, season 
ticket loans and catering and social facilities. Salary on a scale (mm 
£7.756 to £8.758 (unfa Review). 

It merged please contact Mbs Kflen Parker in toe Academic 
Staffing and Personnel Office on 01-404 4769 tor an application 
lorm. or wrue to her at toe Londoo School d Economics. Houghton 
Street. London WC2A 2AE. 


wishes to appoint secretary with shorn hand. Medical 
experience not essential. Must be a We to work under 
pressure and lake charge of people, especially interna- 
tional visitors. Sense of humour an advantage Simple 
book keeping. Skill at arranging appointments. Busy 
stimulating atmosphere which win suit someone with 
personality and initiative. 5 day week. S weeks holiday 
w«h pay. Salary £4.000 negotiable. Starting dale by 
arrangement Write with CV and names of two referees 
to BOX C37 The Times 


Experienced administrator with ability to handle 
people for Knightsbridge leuings agency. Re- 
sponsibilities will include all properties under 
management and administration of invoicing. 
Deposit clearances and liaising between land- 
lords and tenants. 

Good, responsible person over 25. 

Salary package with commissions approx 
£10.000 per annum. 

Ring: 01-581 5*77/2473 


An Arabic mother longue copy typist who can 
work to deadlines and under pressure is required 
for Knightsbridge PR and publishing Co. 
Speed and accuracy arc essential, together with a 
thorough working knowledge of word 

Salary is commensurate with the position. 
Please apply with full CV slating previous expe- 
rience lo BOX C32 


Wc arc a friendly busy accountants tit 
Paddington who require a bright enthusiastic 
audio Kcreiary/reccplionist. 224-. Pleasant 
office including memory electronic typewiter. 
Must ha%c English 'O' level and 80 wpm min. 
Some admin work involved. Super basses 
{very modest) £8.000 negotiable. 

Telephone 01-723 1605 


we are a tan growing nna n rta t and corporate rntoae 
truton consultancy and we need a competent, vttt 

rmtn SO wm) ropytypM to ftA a UP aecaum team. You 

wooSd be involved In the pnpamUaA at pn> releases tarn 
wcU as ouwr aoJvttlea associated with a successful PR 

You shoutd idMttv he aped S»ZO. have at »«r Z yws 

onto* experience and wmc wp experience: previous Pfl 
experience JspreftreMr but mi essential. Salary to ny» 
itaifr P according la aga aid experience, tn me wa 
Instance, please send CV to: Chris Lynch. Financial Strat- 
egy Ud. 1 Boh Court. London EC4 3DQ 


Secretaiy/PA urgently required by Sraior 
Partner of smallish but growing City law yg*- 
An intelligent organiser with excellent skins 
(min 70 wpm typing} can co mma n d a top 

Please ring Amanda Warren 
01-606 0261 
(tip agencies) 


Personal responsibility to two Consultant 
physicians in a private G) Endoscopy practice at 
the London Clinic. Considerable patient contact, 
modern facilities. Outgoing personalty, organising 
ability and previous medical secretarial (and 
possibly nursing) experience essential. 

Salary negotiable £8-9.000 pa. 

Telephone 722 2154 


Looking for a new challenge? Want to 
work in friendly and informal atmo- 
sphere with Chartered Acccountants who, 
despite everything, have kept their sense 
of humour. 

Accurate typing essential Olivetti elec- 
tronic typewriter. Salary £8.500+ 
Telephone Jeffrey Zinkin on 01-262 2641 



PJL to Chief Executive 

Very efficient, organised, confident, warm. 

strong, determined, self-starter required. Prov- 
en marlccting/PR experience essential. 

Please contact Margarita 


Minto n UnOK. 
Qnna Aftodatn iJmto^ 

2 Pool Stmt. Union SWlX «L 


Secretary required for managing director of West 
End advertising agency. Director level experi- 
ence essential. Immediate start Salary aa.e. 

Please contact Triria Wright 
01-629 6652. 



Mayfair consultancy moving to smart new offices requires 
lively- super efficient and attracti v e person to operate mon- 
arch swUchMard. telex, (ax. receive cUesvit. use a variety 
or keyboards and generally make - themselves 


01-403 1635 
PRS C—wfogcf Croup 

The two dtrrctprsor * new tuna imnun i i e n t firm utt the third - 
person lo imp unn get tune* in utnr Mayiafr office. 

Von are an msntnxM. artautgent. matin Drraon with 
wnrurtal PA background In inr Hn a wia l nrrtceo am ire 
enter in g the •mndarreft You thrive in an tnemturM 
emironmml and are wdUng io cope with PCs. Salary 

No agmnn. 


Chiswick Up to £8,500 

We are a fast growing established 
Management Search Consultancy who 
need a really committed secretary, a self- 
starter who is not a ’’nine to five” person. 

We don’t need short hard but we do need 
fast, accurate typing and spelling. WP 
experience would be a distinct asset 
Age is not important, commitment to 
work is. 

If this position interests you please write to Dirk 
Degen hart. 

Dirk Degenhart & Partners Ltd 
Priory Cardens, London W4 IT 

4 Fhiory Gardens, London W4 ITT 
Tel: 01-994 2157 

French £11,000 + 

Aimcz-vous Ic milieu financier et !e defi d'un etnptoi 
emigrant? Notre diem recherche une sec par&iiemeni 
bilmjrae avee utw bonne, experience su niveau 
supcncur ainsi qu’unc maitriyr tk la acno (ang + 
fn/danyfa. Vous serez senetise fit capable de prendre 
dc rim*abvc. 25+ 

GERMAN up (o £17.000 

City Ban* requires i*-o S + Audio Sees f*W/60) to 
work in ».■ *!cr the Firanc.o. or “Jt.' ^eifog DeW. Gradu- 
ate Educ + numeracy are « •n>..t 1 Agr. 1130. 

BANKING (Italian) £, IA0 
Prestigious Cny Co. seeks top ctetK -me js-uc a.v) hi^v 
ly confidential see wiih S yrs City banking ar> i good 
Italian, fixating opponunity for the nght person 'Squir- 
ing ficxibiluy. conmitrtient and speeds (JUO/80). 


City: First dass S/H/Admin Sec with Wp + Banking 
experience required for busy marketing dept, 
of prestigious Co. £*)^00+ 

Ealing: Mature Senior audio sec. responsible and eata- 

ble of working on her own requm.^ i.r 
muliinationaL £8.650 



7 Lndeate Sq. EC4 (Moo-Fri 9J64J0) Emp Agy. 



I.XianaiN VOunvXrlnlH 
liHdl trKIKl 1 WW 
totkim and rwmmrrd 
licj rr^wiivUi}. Salary 
r two 

bl Ion Uh n WJ43I 


Entousasfic. hafdworWno 
legal atato typist to. (Oki 
growmq Practice. WP s to 
general legal expgnwce pro- 
toned. Salary rftgotabte, 
Please edl: 

mss DtobSee S83 7W 

FOR Director Of international Orm of management 
consultants hi hotels, tourism and leisure. Good 
secretarial skills and out going personality. Excel- 
lent prospects, possibility of overseas travel later. 
Salary around £&500. Graduate looking for first 
appointment would be considered. Please apply 
enclosing c.v.. day Uroe telephone number and 
recent photograph If possible to:- 



TtcspoosiNc and bard- 

rcccpiiosKt required. 
Good shorthand and typ- 
ing. WP experience an 
advantage. Pleasant ap- 
pearance and idepbooe 
otaancr cattial 

Salary £7300 - £8 jOOO. 


W«si End Estate AgaAs/Smveyoo- Yotmg 
partnership requires ft competent and ezperi- 
enced audio secretary n^h good wp knowledge. 
Pull secretarial tfoties inrotoed,; goodtdejAone 
manner required. 

c £Sy5CKM29,O00 

Orntact Janioe Page, 01-580 0932 
fSo agentsesJ . • 


Rrcrutimnd C a nan lb wiU 

Exciting opportunity (ora 
happy lew to work on a 
new protect to central ten- 
don. What Is more you can 
try Uie lob owl before 
ro mmm ng yourself as a 
wiu begin on a wnpor a ry 
basts- You wfu ne ed to be 
an experienced BOtngual 
Secretary with exoeueni 
English and' French, the 
ability to lake tuctatton In 
both tanguagues and 
wordprocesolng experi- 
ence. Salaries vary a utde. 
so ring us for details. 

22 cnartng Cross Rd. 
London WC2M OHR. 
01-835 3794/5 

Horae Cmalies and under- 
take wtor ranglnpnrrruure 
woctartai and admuustra- 
Uir duUra. AsoUnwn 
Hn.urd Iron wed educated- 
canflwn. late SOt. with a 
senior wnnarui back- 
ground Ideally in me Medkai 
Educational Sector wttft- 
deteiopM — p — 

«kitts and moal towortonlty 
an aawnr M aomse Mkc 
Uveiy wtUi Ham aupporl oat 
mranun direct guidance^ 
Start too salary SB.700 oa 
Wri te OT l elepbotW : _ 

EmiJK iSS"' iSmw 

H Inin W.L- Tali U4K 

to M0 of Small 

A oggortMty tor someone 

•Oil toe capabdtty fo Help nn 
ton snul i ds to fo w g agency 
Good stoatm tote plus sums 
esjMrienoe ■ atertefflg. matoa. 
or PH *Ai but not asaentaL 
Srtvy stand EfcSOO. Sdraled w 
Hofeon M am or tsteptota 
rets By (day or NM. 
tor. L Stariey. lIjSrtMp 
Wee. Orptatoto. RnL tS- 
phafc M0 SW7. 


Racing jounwlfel seeks 
youig secratary/PA tor 
busy Frondi office, fosen- 
rial itoMre roent i ae 
secretanai and shorthand 
stilts and ttuent French, 
confident approach nd 
ahtfoy to work under 
pressura. Five figure sala- 
ry package. For hither 
detafls contact in the first 

Alistair Donald 

(0638) 668881 

le £12^08 + 

An energetic, socially 
awae top secretary is 
needed fo join the 
special team who 
organise the flfe of this 
Captain of industry. 
Discretion is para- 
mount as the Job 
involves al the dory 
and social activties re- 
lating to this tiffed 
person. Speeds 
100/80 plus WP expe- 
rience. Aged 24-32. 

West End efffee 

BANKING £13,500 

. man Of prcw igtm a CHy 
Mnrturt Bank. The Hal 
canaxme will tone Baok- 
Wi rlnanrc Htainrk 
WTTUr ta l <datta <130. TOi. 
mcrplWHH prcwmatlon and a 
llnWf approa rt i tor IMS ar- 
mor PM. AVC 20 to 38. 
BnMte: mo ri page nMA). 


TIK> wnlm of a World 'a-ow mi 
unm lit one ol Uu- I'k'k mM 
pri-'pfptnri monthrv macunnra 
nwn a PA whu nrAmi wri- 
hand 'i own and an atonwaliM 
o.mnw i ol En4tm. Basra la 

kl. >wi win won no miMiod 
kilh inr Iwwv-M itnrt pC Knreai- 
1*1 M<n a. your ton Ira » sri 

it rdimiHiy vou won nred dip W 
avananrr IQ boM B»C b»t. pkw 
pr iwuir ,im r«*muiikati wiib 
roolnlrnre. Ann 28 . 

* *53 

Fot farther details please 

Jacqediae ReKne 
oa 01-439 4S57. 




[*! <t 

Vouoo. noun, Cnrats 
mu r uwl n , UH-aMM 
torialty aware CaccOUier 
PA CareOmt au d a l M 
ttVk «ood MOMnr man*. 


TO £7^00 . 

nmdUM FuN mdnta« ot- 

InM In WP. ilifliMi. 


' Qjw tGatob Bfe , 
g rates* MueenaipeOE fc . - 
3te JmeStceiwa ttwaw 


Julia Gray Appointments, a leading senior sec- 
retarial consultancy have pleasure m inviting 
you to *h “AT HOME" in our luxury offices in 
Coveni Gardes on Thursday 27lh February 

Covent Gardes on Thursday 27lh February 
from S o’clock onwards. 

Pfeasejoin us for wise and a I^bt buffet where 
wc win be happy to discuss your future and 
offer you advice and guidance on the current 
job market’ 

Hw nil rwl tor mii' dntw of 
teams? PR ‘ nnallMy 

«ure Tin- . wmana 
rwndkktt** wtk have good tor- 
teurui tic Ob and ran jy. 
lataaa rrtprt— millry and 
workiog an om> Udhjw. 




taniage. Sday oa-wnara- 
Crayfcra. TPS PaMIe Hate- 
bonk. 7# Chrtn-' Lane. 
Imho EC4V SEP. 

■ P*a — i rl I 

v«naifln\ K Uk hry » wc 

MlM fash too 'btanaje- 

oeoi Co. Join in ind 
tmbboh. nrisuag wWi U»- 

Mnuid problems, sating up 
spacm* St coping uidi *«£■ 
ay of etamnen. Fast 
trims, patience (Mo- 
sniiaL Sftt.axfaL 

P«Ujlow nraaerar co mui - 
laata. bmM to Knmihbrtdga . 
trcta*«rqtar ind aKntoy 
ID took after Itor Onnon. 
lAr atototodtol wlm 
draiioa wiih wealthy towre- 

OppoiUflity lor PA tohb in- 
tacst in aduccuur and. 
property to mu dyaams 
partner who win nkr yoo io 
wsh siret and truly ddegufi 

«o reura for good sh/lypiog 
dads and dedicalioa. 



c£l 1,00*^12,000 

Forbd- Co Sec moth lOO. AS 
with mt. irerk record a* «r- 
otor ink. Highly Settled 
organ Her who is mcttKMKa! 

and prreoaat wart. Own tor. 
Tel: 012« 3276 The 6us» 
MUM PorttoOo 


A charming and pofehsd PJV. is required to, 
work for the extremely successful Managing 
Director of an up and coming city organisation. 
Highest eafibre required 100/70. Age c25. 



Our clients are looking for a young, competent 
secretary to be responsible for organising 
conferences. You wiH be working under your 
own initiative and to strict deadlines. Young 
busy team. Age 20-23. 90/60. 

50 Hans Crescent SWl' 


rdhnttea) eager 

personal asssams 


To armor ptrtor Of UK 

Ik-C. To IMudr srh'too. 
co n w imi tt and orntran- 

suowiiaidL audio and wp 

reoukrd. SUM IDO. 60. 
Travel may. *r rmM 
CoraonTw w raio rttoi y m 


ApoHranou. wjoi cv to: 
BOX C3S . 



Bright. self-motivated 
secretary required far ex-, 
riling and quhe 
pressurised Director 
uMtah office. Duties 
ind ink arranging fano- 
. lions and iravri. greeting 
^isiiois and providing 
support io this very busy 
man and his private sec- 
retary. Skills 80/50. ’-A' 
IcvcB 'prof. Age 22-25. 
Salary to £8.800. Please 

437 4187/89 


A AyaidM t ttd w u ro l^ 

We need you! 

* -44 

ir ton tow sound jeetrorial 
>A|IK HMVfoiipml: . .Short- 
haikl audio of WP 
i-\pmraec tr&pccaDv WMg 
or IBM) - ttc tao rifcr yoa 
iniivruing wtnpuraiv asB®n- 
r» nn at top am for yw 

Jonathan Wren 
4^ international Ltd 



C all XtofiiSberiWHiOr'CIaire 
trfai re dirfu» your next 

A opvnito aruroMH. 

«*»- SSL" 0 '!: 

taaoo To 

01-499 540ft 


«A0O tor 

******> Ol 
? 34 4363 

®* r * r Bir no avnrto* bmom. 


PA par excellence - £18,000 circa 

The high flying American Director of a dmil 
nodkT^ri!!* company based in Knightsbridge 
ca E *^ rs ® nal Assistant as hib^dS 
pcnsablc right-hand. A self-motivaied »nrf 
dodiratcd professional whh proven abilities win 

sutxrrb a^STSA 

U f c ^' ?"** communication and man- 
^o«Sht- are under the 




01 - 629 9323 


Last tm tint Aa UapMos rang. 
Or CM sad 'Stathaad and 

We sad U*y« tagR toss' 
*« is sfentay satt plan' 
And a Happy pang temp snaM 
art sang 

HyufrenarNaftatand WPsttUs 

Ub temp woffd s Hfe open to 
you. C* is now. 


IV ir 


' c r 

£ 10 , 000 + 


Pressurised youna 
International' environ- 
ineni to be enjoyed as 
PA to the Picsideni of 
an SWI Publishing co: 
Excdtan sbonfiand 
stalls needed as wdl as 
ability to organise 
compSex travel arrange- 
ments plus total 
invotvemeni. Some 
oversews travel. 

Arc 26-30. 

£ 12,000 

Yoa will mb be a Tight 
arm' to the MD of an 
luemtionaj bent coop- 
dm®™* i ft- -bouse kradw. 

and Renenfiy having him 
otgamsed evety minute of 
the day. A good eduration. 
w^inwos to get invdved 
essential: Spanish usefill 
Mongage subsidy etc 


You will enter into 
the spirit of the 
thing as secretary to 
2 Marketing Manag- 
ers of a Wl liqueur 

A busy involving 
job requiring only 
slow shorthand + 
some fort holding. 

City 3778600 WestEnd 439 7001 

Secretaries Plus 

III TheSecretciricdConsuttxmts^ 



A State Oil Agency of Middle East country re- 
quires a Junior Office Assistant. 

Duties indude operating a facsimile machine, 
puma telex, photocopying, IBM word processor, 
also to act as relief receptionist Training will be 

Pleasant personality essential, to deal with 
"Senior' visiting executives from abroad. 

Minimum requirements five “O' levels, good 
typing with shorthand useful. Suitable for col- 
lege leaver, (non-smokers pref e r red). 

Benefits: four weeks holiday. BUPA. pension 
scheme and overtime. 

Applicants please send full CY> 

BOX Cl 7. The Times. P.O.Box 484. Virginia 
Street. London E). 


RvfWUonbi Secre ta ry. 
Arr you tnghi wen spo- 
fcm. smart wun last 
drruratr typing? Come & 
tain a friendly leans. Im- 
mediate start. Can Tim 
Brooks on STD 1200 UtDd 
ask wout me pool?} 

A forty mdrprMm sfoppn- 
-rrktM«u«v. wuntwerr 
lary la 2 darner*. Cv or 


Harnm Hnm & cult. 
IT tfllirr St. SW 6 4 CH 

oi-m ran. 


golders green, NW1 

Excellent, brand new Maison- 
ette in garden development 
with garage, a few minutes 
from tube, bus & shops. 2 
bedrms. 12-36 months. £180 
per week 

LRU* Venice Offices 
Ol 286 4632 

MUCBETMV. Small bury Wot 
Cnd MnHtn mimrar re- 
quire* a SrrrHiiy. Aomta 
AmbiDi to work lor Inrfo BUM- 
w» MWn ExNMhT and one 
el the* Domor* Oood rypmo. 1 
khonhMd and WOO ■Mtn IV- 

<mtrrd n uni a gooa 
ayanfopitawt and admmriira- 
foe abfttiira and a coofldrnl 
Mtwwnr manner. PmKu) ! 
wem rxorricnre nandlal. He- 
aty with CV ie Mriorfo QHIton. 
R*»TA. Srymovr Mrm How. 
Snrawur Mnn, Wigmorr 
Street. London W 1 H OPE. 

you hate uk matt anon and 
<-nVhvnL**m io want to run your 
own company, uus ouenme I 
wtih a young firm In mum 
London routd protidr in bmr i 
HH that IdnaRy you should be 
a graduate and relate wed to • 
Pretale and mtay a fun admits, 
name rote. 24-30 
uuuaoy. Phone 01-083 lOH 
MfiKUw Srotr Recmutuptu. 


tumor S H secretary 100 -SO. 
Age brfwren 19 ■ 2 d. of 
apnearanreand wrusnokeo. ta- 
forest* n*. caned oouuon would 
probably Mftt vmeone seeking 
Ihrtr firrt career change. Mrm 

raU Roy surum. ot tm 
0448 . Stertdon taaorUSm. 
rrudmeal Ccraudlant*. 

KBHtafondgn estate barney 
leeks young see lo help market 
prestigious mums Small Pro- 

M i i i u i Tom' cml WM wnl. 
aiwwaare. beaus regular sala- 
ry ICS lews, cood su»s r 90 SOT 
rssmUBI. Age 3030 . Pfoase 
lerepbone 01-403 S 78 T Gordon 
Yul es C onsultancy 

CaOOO req for an lull co dose to 
Ltv SI Sin Aor 20 + Dul kiealty 
md a O'* wim a good standard 
of education, acrunue lyp 
anerm aswptn A some wp or 
romp exp. Personnel ns 
geefered strung admin back- 
ground ns Non smoker. CM 
Lorraine 405 6148 Klngstand 

Wl CO srrfca buDoty. upmarket 
PA sec I no SHU. Imualivr. poise 
a afowy bo organise Mm. Load* 
admin A Ie) work Car perk* a 
prosp e cts. Age zu. can Kate 
on UO TOO Klngstand pen 

. - - i hi the Mve 

tv. tun. lost moving atmomhrre 
01 Kales Promotion/ 
Ads crustng. Marketing/ p.r. 
for ungtK. forty. tooMhrr'. 
rlDnent •rrrcUrfotf £7 9600 . 
Nrfwork RreruUmreH Ol -734 
<9808 .437 3826 . 


Cable television is me of the roost 
exctttngdeveJopments of this decade and 

our cUent who already has a well estab- 
lished market share, is expanding 

Their two senior executives need an en- 
terprising. versatile pa/secretary with 
the ability lo grow with the or ganisat ion. 
Previous television experience is not es- 
sential. but top level senior secretarial 
experience is. 

Call us In 

confidence for an Initial 

£9.000 neg 

TMs lonou design company 
requires an olHCr manages 
who wftt be Matty Orxiblr 
m annum and attllwy. 
You w« need U Be able n 
keep the book*, prepare 
ravttnwk do PA VC aH on a 
rompoter. Therefore npe 
rtence to I rial balance h 
PMunnllal preferably on a 
computer baaed system and 

01-489 6566 or 01-493 8383 


With Good German 

Wr are a small (40 oafl) friendly and very busy stock 
£ff.°_ . b q* sfd P leasantly b, St Jana's Wood. Ow 

» 1 r 0 ,r^.^ S T^ arv (the OoawB- 

ny B mumangusll Who win enloy being involved wttti 

J*® PUns. backed by oomnHiiig and wont nrocmaina 

Tium^LitT!^. J 8 * crrtartel X* 

The (nporiance of tlw PA component win ueggnu « the 

Your CV. please, lo Bernard E vans 


lamUMiily wup 
raenl accounls would be 
hetpfid. Thfe DOS also bl 
whh office 

acton neural mu DertonneL 
keeeuig all .admuMraUve 
rerorfo. orp a i uai ng inwr- 
knee and romgany cam. 
There would be a iMnlmal 
amount of aerreunal work. 
Shorthand would be ineful 
lypUio h. a nereanly.. Age 

01-499 0092 
01-493 5987 




PR/PA E3^00 

Super opponunuy for a 
Stronii -and confident 
pereonafify in Dus mar- 
teflous combination of 
a nrwspafNT'ttyle eovi- 
rtmmcnL plus PR. It’s a 
»ery Huzzy style of 

WWi mod suns and a 
sense of fun can 

turn*. osTftowsto 

£7,500 ; 

A «eu groomed and 
chamung recephonttt wlili 
Monarch switcHtwara «- 
pertenre is needed to greet 
via iocs to mett taieiy Wl 
offices- look alter board- 
room booking* and take 
care of outer reception do- 

of Bond St. 

Ns U.tmuMUftnKfal 



£10,000 +BBMfi 

Go m at me loo when sou 
rem the JoM MD or this 
presfodom Merrtunt Bank. 
Cotas tmautrfw oTHcei and 

tadruiand urMinu cup., 
mra afing me Wang WP. 





A preoiured tod Am pod- . 
hen for a true PA to a busy 1 
map hradtag up the Euro- 
pean connection of m 
world renowned c-ormany: 
ton Dnbloa being in fUgb 
Tech-. He Mrgsln wed. 
and wtU expert you logup 
port Mm. run the afTMto, 

Biln supervise stall. 

W vou need at control and 

port mvfo. 

Vour. nndbieanpRiarti and i 
M»Mv lo deal al ao levels Is : 

^K ^ta*f j9gafS 



c£10,000 • 

Dynatmr MD. be ae ong 
uw European operabom i 
of Hus 

K> npHcr ba PA ; 
after 6 years. An. 
moos rote, 
goat skills, 

exrellnu experience. 


} Fabulous training win be 
i given tf you are a ttvaty 
college leaver when you 
toui ibis dynamic team of 

Negotiators. -Not only are 

your promotion pros- 
pects tabuioiB »u your - 
social life will improve 
dramaitcaity Our to toe 
parties and outings lo be 

If you realty want to get 
tic leeto Into a fun ca- ; 
re. ewoy a team spirit : 
d base good 

' KOMIMBri , 

To £9,000 

This leading Mayfair estate 
agency heating wtUi.preaU 
gnus Loudon properties is 
seeking a PA lo berame m- 
volvcd In a varied and 
toicresUng function: . You 
"HI Hake with clients both 
by Irtephone and on a faee- 
lo-Care basts amt will have 
every opp to use your inHia- 
Uve. Skins lOO/SSwpm. 
WP exp an asset. 



rate MntMy Team M tog Ad 
Agmcv unto Sec wtih 
ceAoo.M*<Ua Design ran pns 
tarred. Cocrnl Garden Bureau. 
1LO Fleet Street. ECO 363 

I rmmaruUie 
evaeeienred penan with calm 
cOnfMem personality, loll of ci>- 
rvt contort- luxurious offices. 
eWMlenl perks. 01-730 G 14 B' 
Jaygar Cateers iSMone So) Lid. 

TO ALL TMC GOOD Typists and 
Word Proceidors ta the warwi - 
We have • lot of work - Give us , 
a rad on 93B 9002 Crawford* 
iHrr Corel. Contact Barbara or : 
Octai la 

Sm- Partner needs Sec: PA. hv 
IfTCMing DOMUon C&JSOO. Link 
APoomlmmM 0 l-S 4 « 9303 




Senior Sou 

Audios. WP all true's. 
Urgently req to total Of- 
fice overload's team of 
elite temps bUemtang 
assignments, top rates, 
hoi pay + £160 not ho- . 
nas Phone Helen 
Sheppard oo 229-9244. 



SOS to SCI. Are you a good 
organiser, administrator and 
secretary? Vour forty, enlhusl 
astir personality. aMHur loth Ink 
aired and work under pressure 
M litnm wW he highly anttnert 
ated by I his writ known charily 
wMh rturmlng offices m Lam 
brth. As Area orgaiuser you 
wtH have lols.of tun aid auton- 
omy arranging fund ratamg 
arils Km met a major ban. 
foMuon show and tennis Murray 
rami' Methodical . and 
ronlldrei aopronm. good skild 
W* 56. ■Ov and 2 yr s sound 
tier i-g> ct joo 5 weeks hota 
Ptcoae rail 457 4167. 89 

. HoMlontH Rcr. Ores 

TV - BAKER XT/ Jotn on exciting 
sent ure where you'll rreBy be 
aepreriated and busy out neser 
pmNurtard Working for 2 in- 
formal hut profesuooal sales 
nrrulliM. your dunes win in 
nude mm of phone work, co- 
ortMnaiirtg hrmr diaries, wp 
aadshd lyptBOe 5Gt In a hap- 
py young easy going bid 
rmrieiU atmosphere, omtos see 
exp nee * <T» and a fries*®#. 
laell spoken. contolrnL fleiilbie 
approach. t*aL. S73X» ♦ exc. 
mirw alter S mihs. trained, 
start fdi. Ptoasc cad 437 

• 4IB7 80 HobMonrs Rer Cons. 

PA MD ot manufacturing ser- 
sires dntoon reoidrrs an 
organMng PA Ser who will en- 
mv taking rrsnonuoutty and 
using' there laliiafoe. Good 
slum <100/60 ♦ WP)are ewen- 
Uai together wlto a sense of 
humour and Immaculate pre- 
sentation. Please phono Saoy 
Owens on Ol 230 8427 

Kroghhftrtdgr Secretaries. 4 

Pom Stmt London SWtx 

Join IKK mnuesdtM rowans 
where you Will assist a Partner 
who ta a leading ram to the ! 
property find. Able ta nrfoidr a 
InO support function, you win 
heroine Imotifd in a varied 
role which wtU toriudp infernal 
Admrn and wtnglseyou theoop 
to use your mlllatKe. Typing at 
•fiwpm reo'd. Synergy, toe re- 
rraimenl consul lancy. 01-637 
9633 9. 

JtVER sec with _ 
Without S H C7.000* perks re- 
utored by Cny Comoaov with 
knrly offices and a young and 
sery tneodly atmosphere. 
■O-irsef and a bngM and etxho- 
UaMir peesanstoy ess. to return 
ekcrdenl Inumng tnct WP and 
pcosppfts. Call Lorreue aos 
6148. kmguand pees roos. 

MENA RESEARCH £9006 - l„ 

Search sec sought by Cocrnl 
-Car lien afonUsmg pureau. 
Fnerntty. lokey foam. Lois of 
riteni contaci You should 
ronftdeni. nextMe mm ratra un- 
der pressure. Shorthand typing 
<8S 301 rrgueMed. Age 30-26 
Please Irtephooe 01493 5TB7 
Cordon VMes Consultancy. 

TTLEVttfOSI *7.730+ exc bene- 
■tts. A Spanish speaking pa 
seeking a career m MeUatoa ta 
red'd by tuts lead mg 
production broadcasting ran- 
panv. Assisting in marketing 
the best of British TV. you will 
become miofipd to a varied 
amt mirreallng role. Typos at 
53 wore req'd. SH an amet 
bvneegy. the rerrullrarnt con 
suttanry. 01657 9SS3-9 

■M DEALS! £8*00 - Superb oy 
port unity tor a tuntor ser wtfoln < 
tins lop Mos-talr nompany 
Losriy offices Dynanur. pro 
leouptwl cm u-ou raenl. Some > 
admin plus general rorrr ap ew 
donee Igr which good ! 
typing rusty shorthand are re 
quested. Age 19+. Phase 
telephone Ol 493 6787 Gordon 
Votes Consul lanry 


Permanenl £ temporary post- 
bona AMSA 6pcrtalttt Her. 
Cons 0 1 734 0S32 

SECRETARY for Direct nr A email 
team, maier City Reendtrantt 
Consultancy Age 20-30. A leu- 
eK pref w p. tratonL To 
C7.60O Telephone Ol 426 12S3 

with held stair and general cor- 
respondence are pari or your 
role to irrretaty to Urge Wine 
and Spirits firm to toe West 
End. Ape 20 -03 £9000. Cap 
439 - 7001 . Bermanrp Plus - 
The Secretarial Consultant*. 
riSK £430 p. hr. for Ctty 
Merchant - Ameriran Banks. 
Shorthand Serrefartes i too > AS) 
wan cUgtiM Drcmafe. Wang. 
OforfB and Pnuttn 5020 expe- 
rience Urgently required. 430 
ISBl 2033 Bukse StaigHoa 

West Ep 4 store ta oeedasg a per- 
sonal ass ista nt who ta 
adrarllse. smart, size ID 1 2 
MUtta 90 AO. Age 24 *. saury 
C 9.000 to C 9 -SOO- Senior See- 
reform tree const Ol 499 0092 . 

ESTATE A BCKT 6 3 Recroftooist 
required for a young propres- 
tave ivn u FnOusB. some 
serrefarial aunty eorenttoL Sal- 
ary C 7 . 0007 J 500 Can 01-221 
3634 Ref JMH. 

2 toA. MOCTGASC lor PA sec In 
marketing nepf of Merchant 
Bank Plus extra benefits. 
C 9 .BOO batac. Phone. Aim War- 
rmgion Sec Careers 01-688 
9851 . 

BECE r nfl— CT ■ Tefoobontai 
C 7 .SOO. EC* ProleMtonal Co. 
Age 24 *. Smart appe a r a nce 
and good lete pho n e manner re 
•ehUaL 486 7897 CSfoendtah 

trorp finance dCMi 

Li 0000 * bonusHfonefits 
Phone Ann Wamngtan Sec 
Careers. O! 568 9651 

Produrbpo Co needs foighL 
reliable rereptloneu. typisi for 
busy WM End office Phone 
Juke Am on 01439 1821 . 



Ew or u atari- considered for 
Cti» vcresariai rmptoymrni 
corauiuory Early 20 years. 
Good basic glut branch bonus. 
Phone- Mrs Warrington for an- 
POUUmepf 01 588 9851 . 


C\~v in'ltrsi 

Dr “ " ' 








Vtar rob- m PA lo toe Se- 
nior Manwr will tmolvp 
the supers raon ol all keens 
ta»s. atom stall and 
re* rpdonftls wtlhM Ibis In 
lernalional on a ' 

Based hi vour own office 
buiMiiML i-foi win rtuoy me 
l netHny humorous maimer 
of icu Ot tab bos*, who will 
feature vnu to run toe of 
foe during hK freaueai 

M -vou have good shorthand 
and ivpmho and woukt en- 
tor a positian won 


Irarut r Bn . 

grit to grret srohOO f bcntt , 

■n the - 
tf ntt Of ti'Dtng. laAtrhboard 
■pdriioh Mooacrhtretoeri- 
enre rtaentfoL XBM3D . 
rtwta now- iV * <« • 

Age 25 - 45 . You 
tsqyf b sma* son-up 
srtuoNon tor 8 City pn> 
tosMona) organisaMn. 
Good Cdy expenenoe. 
100/S0 + WP essential, 
but aacondvy to social 
conMtonoe. pm® m 
sad etoner a tnvoa 

£13,000 + M/G 

wtien pot marketing the 
services of hts prcsliglotrs 
Mmtuot Bank in the 
Stales, (his lively, charm- 
ing and demanding 
DOWor Is busy organising 
roadshows, bv Europe. 

He needs a PA who can 
keep up with btm. help 
Prioritise Ms work and 
ocpaMse maloc (unction*. 
Total commuroent . an In- 
cisive and wen educated 
mind and immaculate 
skills and presemailon are 
essential pre-reaatsUes for 
this unique post Moo. 

Skills lOO/dOApe 25-3S. 

726 8491 

C7JMO+ early review. An Of- , 
fire Atotaianl t& required by Ufts | 
ktadtng charity lo become in 
voiied to the field of | 
saomdnMps. Although typing 
ta esscnuai for ims unusual pesl- 
UMi. you win carry out a carted 
role wtnrh win Include deonng 
with childrens IrUen. Typing 1 
ol 40 wpm req'd. Synergy, foe j 
temmiwm romutancy. 01- 
537 9633-9. 


S«c Triary required by The Brit- 

tah SM Fedeiallan. preferably 

wlBi PR experience. Ability to 

tad dctaraMn totltottve. bnagt- 

MHan and wuungnrm to acce p t 

eeWOntaUMy egsrnUaL Speed* 

. 100.30 wpm. Salary £8900. 

Hanowiulrn opMieaUon * Cv 

la The Secretary General. The 

Brittafi SM Federation, lis Ea- 

ton Square. London swiw 

RO A RRROO W PA 49900 . Re- 
•hared w lop name Mr. You 
- wta handle board agenda* cor- 
resoondenre. minute* etc Much 
of the work eoim acvratsUMmc 
etc and is thus highly roof toon 
Hid Yoa should have good 
education and sauna expect- 
cure. M«any at senior mm. 
MOthdO AO. Age 22 30 Pktasr 

telephone Ol 493 5787 GoriJOh 

Vues Gopstdfonry. 

X1 1 AW - Fluent wrmen and 
spoken rrench butaharilund hi 
E nglish only M secretary to the 
Head or the private ctrat de- 
partment In a European bank tn 
Wl. rmdbdtty and the aMMy 
to rmpond to the rnadenge land 
wponivMimn of a new opera- 
tion are needed. Call 377 8600 
■CULvl or 439 7001 IWesl End) 
Serreurtrii Pbs - The Serrriarl. 
at OMHUUamv. 

unuu. Ut 1 0.0 00. Large irtentoy 
Ctty souritors with lovely mod- 
ern off tees require 3 sverrtaries 
tor Ubvauon. Property A Com- 
pany Law all m Partner level. 
Bffto. mr bide BUPA. We aoMr- 
nnre. penston. lunch allowance 
and -hooping discount*. K you 
are 33+ wtih legal experie n ce. 
Mease rad in eonfldcrwe Mr 
Thotltoson on 828 8792. 

Ktamfitod Legal. 

tob (or educated 
aecrr tt r y driver. Arrommoffo- 
Mfth travel K req. flepty to BOX 

tor busy etaate agents olftee 
Lanrastn- Gate/ Bayswaler. 
John Cngfond A Pints Ol 402 

SECRETARY . foe Personnel 
rerTibimenL itn.SSgUDprar. 
anre 4 self motivated C9.000*. 
Lmk AppotnlmentS OIM6 

COMOVATtniR Requires rf 
talent Shorthand Audi PA 
Saury MegoUable Telephone 
Ol 2 I 9 ^S 27 

ta* rnaUMmmm £8000 Ewrt- 
lent PTOtaM-rts. for a young ser 
wim amMlton* in for PR lietd. 
wMh i to* smaV. dynanur-. Mtfi 
profile consol u nrv Genuine 
aft round Invohrtnrai Lively. 
MK table emtronmenL Some 
work experienre ♦ wp aptitude 
requested. Good typing rant 
tlai Age 20*. Pfoase tetrphone 
01 493 5787 Gordon Vows 

opoonunuy «ws tram lor _ 
bright Itexlbfe CL with lot* of 
Initialise to work in a small, in- 
formal rensoHancy to WC2. As 
ser. to Ihe M.D. and h» PA. 
you WtH me your 90sh. accu- 
rate lyp and good triephone 
manner to nrlp co-ordmair nit 
Irlendly team. Age 19+. Gat. 
C7.000+ Please ring 437 
4187 89 Hobstoncs Rec. Om 

ORViMMlE 3 conference* a year 

. Irotn start lo lintah. and inor 
aughly hark tin 3 ronsullanfs In 
l hts small bileniaoonal romul. 
fonts close to Green Park. Cood 
IvMng ret n areq and IBM whh 
mum male exp preferred 
shorthand no! so vital. Age- ear. 
h-20^ C7000E8600 CWI 377 
8600 rCMVl or *39 7001 I Writs 
End) Secretaries pub. The Sec- 
retarial Consultant*. 

OJUtmu ME. 

Kampoead. io om al Hngmcrts 
tma aujMatter ra a Islfi 2 nd 
ik mats m ucD oraet. 2 dfcte Ms. 
ipe ka/ttnci. bawm guest WC. 
Long Co. let £300o*. 

MUM GOA SUom W0«L Sal 
u wet cta-OMK. ffl enR ontar. 4 
Ms. ? rac. U/dner. ? bafts, uftity 
_ ne Long Co let E42Spw. 

Da «l nw. a man r» 
ctaus Kwh hse. ? tec. 4/5 bods. 2 
bate, tauwda m. goo/pate. gga. 
ten ot un urn Co let. £SMd» 

khis aanys m. pnmn» m 
Snows i/2 Ben pan U Ung Co 
ie> £I90pt* 

AVOOECLSt Johns Wood Superti 
2nd lb * nesogr mock. Wane* de 
stQmm. wceg/to U. bfi tor. gusl 
WC. Hudy/lv rm. We racep. ifcana 
tm. US style m. 4 tuns. 2 onhs U 
M sott). dress mi n suie. Weaiy. 
conn gdns. seamy system, to 
hR Long Co feL £liC00pp 

GSUUCA. Otari, spaoous 2 bed 
room. 2 reception mansion fui 

□ r Ji . rnlry phono, no sharers 
CI 66 p w 408 4293 
vtar around floor dauMe tre 
Itol C 210 Dec week. Ot 038 
1359 . 

COVERT- UlMIL Mod unfurn 
2 bed naL Co let ontv £ 12.000 
roror (Wraffoy A Go. Ol 930 

HAT 2 beds. 1 DOir. I sgL 2 nd 
hr GCM. Camforwed SS. £60 
pw I yr. rwn. sun roupfo or 2 
sharing ol 274 7803 . 
bed matMMsefte tufty turn, avail 

Inmaral. company let. £(60 pw 
Tel 354-2869 tU. 
IMNne Hat. 2 rer. I bed. k&b. 
Ol. private root trrearr. £160 
pw. Long irf. Tel.- 0303 VQIS 
MARIA VALE. Denghlful flu 3 
foe beams. 3 rrceps. Ira mac ui 
> halhm. Web decorated New 
furniture. £t 65 pw. 493 2091 . 
K i ll II last? Hometoraurs real 
al arcem Mfnnm >700 
larannes to choose from, open 
7 day*. 627 - 2610 . 

Mwii. motou. 1 

bedroom iml newty decoralrd. 
lounge. kitchen balbrooco. 
(.130 p er week. Tel. 368 0041 
PUTNEY Superb period cottage. 2 
double beds, waned garden, 
parking, newly decorated. CM. 
fully fitted kilehrn. £221 
SOUTHGATE MM opp lute. 3 
bed. unfurn marionette. CH. re- 
furMshed. I yw £96 pw. 
Company LCt. Tel Ol A 49 8401 
swns Char mi ng, large, quart 
wr\ iced bfcMt. CM. TV. K'HW. 
private house. Ren Tel 01-874 
4673 . 

SWC- Charming 3 beat nunity hse 
wilhqato. DMe recep. Irtl break, 
bath. rtkv. Gas CH. CMW £ 2 SO 
nw Barnard Marrus 602 2428 
VST Nil The number ip remem- 
ber when seeking best rental 
graraerlirs ui central and prune 
London areas C!&G/£ 2 . 000 pw. 
UJk COMPANY seeks torn prop, 
erlies in best London areas 
CABBAN 4 GA 6 ELEC lEslate 
Agents' 01 509 5481 . 

U 3 . COMPANY seeks tarn prop- 
erne* in beta London arrfra 
Agents! 01-589 5481 . 

W. KEN. CHELSEA A srteclton of 
rhsrmlng ladly lorn 14 bed 
agpes A iqwn house* £ 140 - 
1400 pw loci 01-675 1896 
Wl Smart rial, mod Mock, t dou- 
ble bed. rec. k and 

CM. Cl SO pw Creen A Co 626 - 
8611 . 

W 2 Newly mod sunny pal to ftaa 
■1 duel street dbir bed. rerep. 

K A B. Cl TO pw inrl CH. CBS A 
Mec. Paula Mearei 629 3074 
CENTRAL! Dblc brdsli. own kit. 
ISO pw. open 7 days . 627 . 

2610 Hometocidors. 

DOUBLE STUDIO bills pa. nr 
lube. £75 pw. others too 627 - 
2610 HametorMora. 

EAST EMM Renovated 1 bedim 
flat nr luor. C 86 pw. Others 
627 2610 Home lor a tom 
EXEC STYLEl Dole neorm naL 
rerept.. TV A phone. £95 pw. 
627 2610 Honwtocalors. 
W L I Ha T UHtaoed luUy Turn ffoL 
CH. nr BR A Tube SUl £600 
pera p ref co. MCOl 533 6406 
LARGE 3 bed r oomed house nr 
M». £90 pw Others pH 
627 2610 Koine locators. 

neon- Stoanr Square. Reduced 
Winter rates. 01 5 BI 0008.(17 
MATE AM Bbtgi* bedroom A- hath 
In luxury home £98 pw for. 
Telephone 01491 1944 . 

M.LOMPOW! 3 bedrm flbl. foBspd. 
waatna-r. parking. £110 pw 
627 2610 Homrioratora. 

NW 2 bedrm fiat, child A pel ok 
Parkin* CHS pw Others 627 
2610 Hometocatorn 
HVERSIDC m. Really super 2 
double bed ftal Cowprr Estates 
Ol 381 6732 4054 

• Wide range of Quality furn>sned 
and unfurrnsned prooerty 
e Full Management Service 


Bi.Miifirn i.~ v - r 

- Legal Ta* Advice 
* Personalised Service through 
7 computer linked ottices 


A superbly presented, five 
bedroom family House, situat- 
ed in attractive surroundings. 
Double reception rm.. fully fit- 
ted kitchen, dining rom. study. 
2 bathrooms. Avail. Immedi- 
ately on long term. Company 
let. £650 per week 

Ptalico Office: Ol 834 9998 

Hampton & Sons 


* t*rfm bra tta Mfo 

ta Ip i 
hrittim. Igr mm. WJL both wc 
Writ (urn. Rerun £i 46 pw 
Ltofi-U-no. Ol 499 5334 . 

HAW HEAD 2 Ate neck. 2 re- 
rrptiohv. refurbtshed. CH flat 
ClbOpw Company tn Tri. 01 - 
794 8061 

HMHQATE. Spar 2 be d i m apt. 
Superb views Lqe rrrro. baK. 
kll i wash dry), gne. Li 20 pw. 

UmnrMfll 499 6334 

•Wl 1 bedroom flat in ronve- 
menl KKatKHi Rrrro. kd with 
•'admit ruck. baui. cisfiow 
Cootes 01 828 8251 . 


dblc to«K. (idly turn Parking. 
Coin C 2 B 5 pw Tel . 4026390 

tenant sought tor ettqanl pri- 
vate home in wing of Oucen 
Anne now. Dole recep. mod 
Ut. 2 bedrm*. pretty oath, 
waatimg marti. Ige deep freeze. 
CH. Overlooking and use 1 4 Igr 
H 4 n C 3 Q 0 pw De La Rur Ol- 
493 2224 2938 . 

- City /Barbican 
rutty lurntshed. In mg /anting 
room, dnwung/gnllrey bed 
room. Idirhen. twUi/wc. large 
lerrare. panoramic v lewv £210 
pw. UK 01 62 B 6320 aflrr 
6.00 p m. 

CHELSEA. Elegant flat Viewing 
River. 2 dole beds, recep. 2 
balha. lolly eqtdped with extras, 
porter, refeption guards. £320 
pw Tei 938 2222 ext 2131 ask 
for K A B. 

HAMPSTEAD, bi heart of vuogc 
-Superb 2 bed. 2 rec. 2*rt un 
nuttotirile. Interior desi gn ed 
IhroughouL Musi be seen lo be 
apprectaMd. £350 ow. Nathan 
W Irion A CB. 794 1 161. 

eu 01-584 6491 

Manson Place South Kensington SW7 
i Luxury development of attractive 
j apporunents. maisonettes and studios 
'some with the benefit of terraces and 
! balconcies. offering a range of elegant fur- 
; nished apartments available for long term 
■ company let from larce studio flats to spa- 
cious 5 bedroomed family flats. 

; The flats have all been fiimished to a high 
• standard which includes: Entry phone. Pas- 
iScnger lift. Fully equipped kitchen 
.including hob. fridge/freezer. washing 
j machine/dryer. Luxury fully tiled bath- 
' room. Independant gas CH. Terraces and 
! balconcies. 

I Rentals from £120 - £600 per week. 



L'rynlty munre njm. 6 houM 9 
Ip retUriil London IfQra Cl 50 lo 
£2000 pw PfoBf. ran uu 
Own or Lorraine Campbell Pit 
Ol 937 NM 

01 724 3160 

with modern commrrirlM Image 
wpk* Ser PA wtih good akdtt 
lot Uww newly appointed Dtrer- 
foc M AdmmMraUon. VmM 
dune* for aorarone with good 
aradcfmr background Age 

28 *. C 9300 . £ 10.000 9 bo- 
th" Phone Atfland Plus on Ol 
636 2116 

UO^)N+. . you will handle 
yota own rormvODdence m 
icrreta/y to J Lloyds under- 
writer, as well k looking after 
his bounds fauerosu * foimry 
trusts. Lbuol shorthand needed. 
IO°- bonus. Call 377 8600 
iQtvt or 439 700 ! (West EndJ. 
SrrretorkP Plus - The Secretari- 
al CfolMJlUiUS. 

You ore 20 * and 
win onlay a busy tmofvlng lop 
as secretary in lifts Ctty banks' 
Marketing department £9 

- 9600 * cheap mortgage «c 
Call 377 9600 .Ctty) Or 039 
7001 iweu Cnd) Secretarial 
Plus The Secmanal 


IWWSTIIN r.£ 9 O 00 . Conduct 
reseairn. attend ranHIim and 
prnerally capIlMlsr On your 
marketing advertising expert 
enre when you lotn lifts export 
agency WP and good audio 
xfcUH etomtlal. Mease cm Ol 
629 7262 Graduate 


*IWN ■ Non Pressurised lo 6 as 
vnMHrrrury«QM Exeru- 
file of large muui nauonai in 
Wl Shorthand al 80 wot sta- 
rve as you will handte a lot of 
your own rorrpsoondeare. Call 
3 T 7 8600 tChyl or 439 7001 
•West Endk Serreunra Plus 
The serrourtal Consultants. 

PAKT.TWK (M fop) small. 

friendly rommumcaftlons/PR 
ronudfonry needs effmenU en- 
musu&lv ser asst (With 
imrnund and pref WP> to tom 
foam Surressful appUrant wot 
emoy inforesung and vartd loo 

in Mrurnr of tire near PKrn 
dtlb Cirrus. Tel: 01-957 6453 




Join lifts smart but expand- 
i tig computer consultancy 
where your srif-modva- 
uen. ItoxAiHly and 
or ganisaftonal -skills wUJ be 
appreciated. T Tcsp or ai tii]- 
illra (ncludc personnel. 
m-nil(rnent and office ad- 
mUuMralKm. Sound 

pm tous personnel rax es- 
sential. financial, 

computer exp. and typ. 
heioful + good msenta. 

I km Age 2SJO Superb 
modern offices and equip- 
ment. Please rmg:- 

437 4187/89 


M, AM4i4Ki«MMiAMivKr 



Wc have bookings for 
sti .-audio secretaries 
r 100,60) with WP exp. 

I pref. SM EMsMaywriidr/ 
IBM PC-Wang/Ottvodl 
ET 361 ) starting fmraedl- 
fty Jotai our team e t 
professional temps today! 
Ring Sally Owens on Ol- 
236 8427 or can In at 4 
Pool Street. London swi. I 

PA SCCRCTARV tor fUrector 
of MM* tttv. Of large German 
oca uvr uftiiairie and take on 
loev M mirinubuiiy. Wgi tan 
guaqe roniml £ 9.000 Mmw 
E/N. Aw (The Language Spe- 
nanusii Ol 636 1487 . 


Young. nDMang invnttoa- 
uoro l urn. ecj. ne 
atiwn *v with nttanif. 
90 4 a varied dune*. CxceOrnt 
career prov p erx * benefit*, pov. 
2 nd Kftl CTOOO*. TA 01-250 
1571 . 

1 CtTY PA. C 9 .SOO and mortoage 
•cutrody and diner benefits. Mo- 
tor Ctty romoany needs an 
expend teed Oty SMmary 
i 2 »d vebben wtu> skills loo 60 
to atom iwo way semoc exeru- 
incv Pfrme rail Ol 629 72 fa 
Graduate Aopomlmnits. 

[ COLLI SC LEAVEN £ 7 . 000 . Ex- 
panding romouver sales 
romnany in Stonenridge Park 

reqwre a ver r ev ar y sates ro-or- 

tttnaior to work as pan of small 
rnmdfy foam 90 SO and wp 

' vhllltv needed Please rallOl 629 
7262 Graduate Amhmrkmv. 

Well prevented 6 H sec M re 
outredlor Ihe etceculiv e suite of 
a larue u V Company. Lott of 
Itason and omanisallon. good 
beniliw in an -rtoremely Irtend- 
(v. •rinaoie company. AJru 
Pnuxtnel 439 2777 



Gradsur Fa-Sse ZB 32 ( 100 /tt) 
tor boctn « Pujw o tl fat Co 
IQ tooftr tot* oerswnd srafn- 
me « a ossre to ommp a eawa 
m pnsomei nsoot 0t-T3t STM or 
01 437 3476 1 U feted & fee 


MITjLfi R 



To drol wtm wag e s, fownrino and general 
hdokkeeping for a email EmMaymeni Auenry. 
VfkJ wilt be neoded each Thtnday end dtr one 
ottrei day tftinng inr week and wrtiisi I here is 
a degree M ftewfolity we need a ref table per- 
vn who will IU in wflh a Inetatty aft Hard 
working Irani. 

Salary c. C 300 O 
Twteiry SerretariBl 
T Cavenddfi Square, 
London WIM 9 HA. 
Tel Ol 631 04*1 


The telling Ageni 

Ready to walk into* 

A second and UUrd ftobf mat. 
soncllp which has been 
newly lonushed and decorat- 
ed. Caumrd down to the last 

II nas inter bedrooms, recep- 
(ton room, rol In kitchen, 
bathroom and terrace, toirae- 
dwu* ocrupsUon for tong 
Iruing at C 22 S per week. 

01-794 1125 

MVER 9 IDE MW, Reqlly tuner 2 
double b»d flat. Cowper Estates 
Ot 301 6732 . 4054 . 

S MEN Lin. Turn, uiw suit 
rouMr Anglo. Own entrance 
Ch Lei CI 30 DW. Ol 584 3373 
ST JOHNS WOOD 3 bed ftal. Ige 
rep . H kll . both, tep wc. porter, 
rh G 2 BDPW. 01 58449031901 
**L SCff studio rial ... 
cteo. pw. Tel. oi sot 6497 


• «W I bedrra garden itat. 
recpl Jthone. £75 pw. Of her* 
loo 627 26 io Horaetor a tora 

WO. Luxury 2 bedroom. 2 fouiv- 
room flat. CO W pref £180 
P w. Ot 370 0250 . 

***T END 2 dble bedrooms, 
rtntd ok. rerept . CK £120 pw. 

627 2610 HomnoraioT* 


- pww, ma. 
sm. fn ds 

odn Hat. 1 dM 
Bed. gd sur 
Hacep + Qs> sea sod 4. Ca 
lei fT65 nw 

COLEH&L SHiS, SW6- 4Bl ill 
fbL 2 dU Beds. Kd + afl ma- 
Anes. /tap. Bah. Comm 
Gdns. Co Ih 5165 p». 

CHALDOtt MX Sm ftefly 
Mr fee. 3 Beds. DU Recep. 

Krt/Dn + mactones. Baft. 

SmWC. Gdn Co Let £300 pw 
GntOHDE RD. SWSl Terr fse 
4 Betts. OW Heap. Kil/Brfc, 2 
Baths. Sep WC. CBr. Gttn. 

Nevdv doc. Co Lei £2?5 ow. 

01-736 4851 


Alfrarllvr oultook onto 
garden square, 6 th floor 
Oft wim Hfl. dbte bed. 
rw-ep. kil. bain. £130 pw. 
Co Let. 

mease rontan 


we nav r a superb Menton of 
personally inspected fur- 
■ustud and unfurrushrd 
propcrtNw in many fmr Rea- 
aenuat dtstnrts. ranging 
Horn C 1 BO pwlo £ 2 , 000 pw 

Tel: 01-486 8926 


cownTmo rd an 

Reany super brand dpm mil 
flat with for lerr X bed. 1 
ham. I rerep. kil breakX 220 

Inusiial.verv attrarttvc 1 st- 
2 nd n natsoneUe. 3 beds. 1 

shower room, split level 
recep. exc kil. £800 pw 

01 S81 7G46 

A me mb er of ARLA 


nouve hi Strathmore Read. 
SWI 9 Co lei tufty 3 
■crept- f r idl. all itachs 
C 200 PW. 

Pieuvr ran pot 9488 for 
lutiner details and 

01-949 2482 

SW10. Superb 2 bed ItaL 
Huge iwrp. am on .1 lev- 
els. £IW pw. 


Meally locaicd 2 bed flai 
access id Hyde Park Sq 
pins. £195 pw inc. CH. 

SE5. Superb Eumly town- 
house on private estate. 3 
heds. 2 iccep.. easy access 
lo cily. £185 pw. 

CHISWICK, W4. Smart 

7 bed Vielornn family 
house in convemeitt locs- 
nttti. £220 pw, 

WT1. Pretiy ; bed news 
houw nub pario pin quiet 
nil de sac. £200 pw. 

SW20. Well presented J 
bed family hsc £150 pw. 

ttUaCIMi Allrartlvety sttuatn! 
town house. IO mam 
niv wexend. large reception, 
wen cquvpttod kurhen diner, a 
detdttr bedrooms A 
Studio Mum rmail garden. o« 
*»reel p-irkinu. CI 7 S pw. Tel 
Hairy on .04381 67891 . 

5 MIMS HAHRODSf Sfortacufor 
luUy I nr nished 1 st floor flat t 
dble bedrm. v. large 
creep /diner, balcony, brand 
new fitted kitchen and hattv 
ranm w,m stiwr Full CH. Long 
lei innnrrd. E 50 Opn> Tel: B 46 
9164 / 095 7358 anytime. 

■WWW® « Margarets! 2 
double bnuuuin. dnftnp roam, 
taunqp Fiftly fumnivni mwan 
rile opMwlr shops A Station 
■ Waterloo W End 20 ismtml 
Free oil street narking. £120 
pw Avaftabie 3 rd Marrh Trl 
01 892 7302 
lus rials mutes up io £30P 
pw. Usual fees red PhtlUo* 
hay A Lewis. South oflhe Rack 
Chelsea all ire. ot 352 81 1 1 or 
Nann ot the Park. Repent's 
Pack office. Ol 723 5135 

WEST KENSINGTON . diplomat's 
i.murv nse. 3 dbtr bedroomt. 

drawing room, forge 
krtrhen/miiinq room fully lur- 
nished. m/noc apotianres. gas 
ch ClWm Tel Ol 385 4299 
nwniiiwi A esmmps. 
Ikuwanad iwi adj heath 
rurnisned rial, newly rrfurb 
and nee Double bed. sfopie oed. 
icrrp If A 0 CH CIMtow Tel 
01 609 6102 1 T 1 

mutts 5 W«. Superb 2 bed 2 
twin llal with river views fm 
f'.H. balrony. swimramg oooL 
sauiki. norm-age and u. ground 
nsg rJOOpvs, Andrews Letting 
A Manaqentent Ot 685 011 l 
LANCASTER GATE W 2 . 2 bedrm 
ftei m mod Mock. L shaped 
recep din rm. F f kll A balhrm. 
Balcony . lift, porterage Avan 
now Long Co Irf £250 pw. 
Samuel A Co 736 5000 . 


onl fupiUI outlay For 

imeniuir service at anrartive , 
Wires turn Mr Michael 
rioritorv jfHin Strand Ooiv 
Irarts. Ltd Tel Ol ARE 86 ! 5 . 
rurrendv seeking good nualUy 
rental arrommotuiion tn 
ceniral London tor wailing 
Company lenants 01 937 9681 
‘ CAM EC 2 Attractive 
bedroomed llal. rutty 
lurmsited.f kite lo ihe Aria Cnv 
tie Company let preferred. 

Cl 75 per week Ol 504-2881 

pretty Cnqlisti style Ini err or de. 

Stan- Superb order. 4 6 

inlerrom men. 2*7 baihs. ku 
Wllh all martK C£OOpw 
Avmfoi a A Co 351 2383 . 


Superb Sdefiiso Sapcrb Schrtioo 

nl 2 brttnma properties gf 3/4 D f dr ea ai properties 


EdTto a Sq. SW6 £250 Set wood PI. SW7 .£526 

Trrguur Rd. SW10....S250 Flood si. SWS X47B 

Crvnwrii Cdns. SW7. £250 Drayton Gdns. SWio. £996 
Cranley Cdns. SW7 .£326 Hollywood Rd. SWI 0X300 
Whitotands Hit. SW3X49S Cheyne Crt. SW3 £500 

01-352 8111 


«L I II 1 

Harnuud ki one ol HampiKals 
m«t sought after areas a 1st A 2nd 
Hr maa m ucei onier /fese beos. 
toe U/dner- UKra. (Reft WC 
Long Ca tot ttOOpw 
ACACU GB1L SI Johns Wood Set 
n (»w nftde-tat m excel order 4 
beds 2 ibc. tt.'ttras 2 baffis. uMiy 
long Co tot E«25 pp 
lowoa BO. m. A bngNMm 
onus torn me 2 tet f/5 beds. 2 
tans Wflwda rm. gon/pswi ogs. 
Hm a un to m Co let f550nw 
RUB KMITB RD. Pimwotf W 
Soaotus V2 bedgdn IU Long Co 
let Ei9Qp*. 

AVENUE CL Si Johns Wom. Suwrti 
2nd it n ptesbge NoeL Menu at- 
swwtL retewifol bn b». gwei 
WC. studf/rv rm dble racep dran 
im.USsWettt.4bwb 2tafclt 
ensute) dress tm en sure baKony. 
conwn gdns. seony system. Bn 
toe Long Co la HJOOOw 

01 724 3160 

PUTNEY. Drtarned 4 bed 
family Me. Lgr pda. Cgr. 
-weu Putney. £400 pw. 
SIhL 5 dine Close lube. 
£275 pw 

Luxury ffot 2 Ocas. C recep. 
9 baflw C 2 SO B w 
Maliliiin Aiirarlive 2 
bed flat £120 p w. 


BLWCTOH rn tube, v c Bata 
nmil flftl Sul ml role Dana, 
dm. rm.. dbf. nedrist.. 

' inf. eve 

•*1 rnt . 

riilti eii vutr. 
p w Ol 607 I 34 P, 

KCM. RKMHHMB. wren appoiMi- 
nt 3 bed rod Modernised. 
021 COnUtaBV tot Cl 60 put 

Comaci Congreve Horner A Co. 
TMMione: 01 741-6672 

PWT 7 DrinMIul muivar 2 oMr 
tied rut wim large roof for over - 
looking or n . gardem. 5 mm 6 
hrn ii»p. Avail mimed 
L 32 &OW Meg. 068 38 S 2206 . 


we urgently r moire your prop 
eilfon ta W.. 6 WT, and nw 
loraton Davit wootte & Co 
402 7381 

CONTACT US IT you want the 
very tnl velertion o I superior 
(UK and hoove* In London 

OfoTusfvi Consunnae, 

Tel. 01 244 7353 
VULMAM Superior voartou* 2 bed 
UN. nose lube. Rerep. new 
Stl/diner. wnviier /dryer. Lge 
com. pan C 145 PW Co Let TM 
«l*l 1 736 1076 or 3 SI SB 57 
HOLLAND PARK lifts twariotav 
wen turn llal o kmk'nQ park. 
DMe bedrm . lge recep. k 5 b 
£150 pw me CH and HW 
Company let th- T 2 » 4600 

HOLLAR** PARK Attractive IU 
floors C lurnnhed flat in quiet 
oaf den square 2 bed*, fop 
■ wra. van ch. etc. urn pw 
Tri Ol TP 7 3919 

AMERICAN Bank urgroily re 
quwe* luxury llal* and houses 
from CSOO Li 000 pw Rina 
Bouev, Civiale Aaenls 581 B 1 So 
BA RW 5 R UR Y SQ Ml ludvimv 2 
heft llal. fully fum. avad 
itntned xompany tn. £166 pw 
Tel 384 2800 

BOtR A BunKMOr lor luxury 
propmies in SM John* Wood. Rr 
Urilri Bark Makla lap 5 wn* 

Uotl 6 Hamprinad Ol 586 7561 


kNtCHT-SBBlDCC ftaK hsuvn 

availfthfo now 1 1001 .000 ■» 
Bnum* 01 581 5136 

luipecnim 1 Mi bed 
rm Hat en Chevne Walk Mew 
nun KM (for Lge. kll bftfol rm. 
C1E5 pw T«. Ol A5Z S3&8 

OOEXMimCH. 5 C flat in Queen 
Aime house ev rf looking Park 
30 min* Charing Crow. Suit 1 
01 3 . Cri 3 nw. Tel Ol BG 8 1840 
tbrtween 6 ■ 8 pirn 


nou* A voartous Georgian toe 
with Igr gdns 4 brorim. 3 
rerepv. Wl a 2 - balhrm. 
C 476 PW Uirrfi A Co 734 7432 . 

Y 01 TINC. Very wrP tarnished 
home 3 beo*. thru lounge- kit. 
bath. 9 dn Oa* CH Available 
now Cl SOdw. Company foL 
Tel 627 0393 . 

Vtsmric LfNRKMf? Allen Bale* 

A Co have a large tefornon eft 
ffoK ana now* avatuoie lor 1 
week * from ClbOpw 499 
1 60 S 

». KENSMOTON lumuned rial 
2 ITiae text room*, large recep- 
IKVll CfiOO prm. TM. Ol 603 
BORO before 2 pnv. 06616 730 
atlrr 6 pm 

WARWICK Hum. Superb Id 
II (UI o'looking gdra t bed. 
rerep. k and b. GCH CHW. bit. 
lert- ol gdiw. and Train net. £175 

pw Barnard Marrus B 34 7316 . 

Kensington MBigMs, W8 
Close al/ ameniiics. 
good quality fum. 2 
dblc bed flat in well 
maintained poncrcd 
block, rcccpi. baih. 
sep cloak, fit kil. plus 
waiher/drycr. £240 
pw neg. Wc require 
properties in central 
South and West Lon- 
don areas for wailing 

Thr Property Mann^trs 
01-221 683S 

Q Sturgis 

spacious 3 bad BaL newly 
decoraed. 2 bams, targe My 
eflupped kdenen. GCH Avail, 
now Long Ca Lei E325 per 

tion ol 2 bed Bats n 

■nmacuWe condition m wbJI- 
rui Hock. High security. 24 hr 

ES'm&FSrSL 0 ' 

floor unusual modem flat. 
Good kflcitsn. pretry decora- 
tion and runtime. GCH. long 
Co. Let. E175 per week 



Lowrty titodan tarft, tnsp m 
preitgiaus focawi mosee 
tel And Tiaudmtotv tur< 
iwc orenoofoiq paw S q* 
oen Etaianf a rang room. 3 
fodimt 2 tunurre. superb M. 
Mcnen & btutou tret, ubtay 
— taaok 


•1-72? 7101 


; I i .h. . : & Ring land 

• Rcvidenticl lenit'cii 

• Head Offer. . 

i Welington'Rd, lendan NW8 





in Kensington. Chelsea. 
Fulham, Putney. 
Wimbledon and 

Full management 
service available. 

auras HTC. SW7 
Sdason U SMfnafe i.3tnd3 
bBUroomed *a> ued te aoerfoo- 
ng B MOW necuun md 

Bemats from n*5 fi i00po to 
"d b tfiorr sarra Very tagMy 


tenu 3t0 Hoot Ha n Block, 
foinrais bom fell fod s honong 
ol West End Rectgun. Koehen. 2 
Doable Bahoom. Bathroom. 
Qottaam nOOgw ne^. to and 
CH. CHW. Mis. porarage nl 

K ite. 

gd sob 
R er eg + Dm area sea 4. Co 
Lei £165 p« 

CteEHUl GDNS. SWB. 4lti fir 
Hal 2 OU Beds. Kll + aH ma- 
dwM. Heap. Bab. Cwrrni 
Gdns Co Let H65 pw. 
CHALDOfl RD. SW6. P-efly 
ton nse. 3 Beds DW Recep. 
M.Dm + mactones. Baih. 
5® W Eat: Co Id !3t» i». 
4 Beds DU Receg. Kit Brt. 2 
Bams Sep WC CUr. Gdn. 
Newly dee Co Ln E275 pw 

' 01-736 485.1 


teg « »w» 

i llji in ■■ vdrn. 

tul 16 vk hkvilli L.riral L» Ji itk 
jmrxiliv 14 huh Micin.- Lj 
'niiuo - ilmM.' } 
kiihi.nwiv ii-iirinv r.aim u.nn 

tlmug MCI l.'KIK-n with fovAtaft 
hft pK*pe vfViw l(ftt pvt mot 


Thr Cnurrn Couuru(a»onrr« 
have prepared draft wttoni 
flrinw providing lor onrtera 
lions M redunitaiiry in mooi of 
inr rtturrh of SI Mark. Krow 
Town iChirhrofor oiornri and 
lor ik apprdPnMion lo inr for 
ChmiMiv worship ond eduralton- 
al pui kos: and in ctapret at St 
MW hart at BKsn iLnnoon (Uo- 
rrsrt and prov idinq lor Ik draff amrtiding re- 
aundanev wnnwt Providing far 
Ihr apprapfialiOTi al l hr vur of Thr 
redundant rnurrn of All Saint* 
Kaiilwirtv icnnlrr giomrl lo var 
a* a gardrp ol rtmtitoranra and 
la (Orm pari of Ihr rtHirvhyard. 
and tor approonaiion Of tor re 
dundani rhuirh of Canterbury SI 
Maraain iCanforbury dnmri lo 
uw as an jrrlurtoftfft and h «5 
torwai unrrorefoiion eonfre: and 
a oral l redunftanri- irtimw pro- 
vmnq lor Ihr approonaiion tor 
iroundant titwra at Ry 6 r St 
Thomas ■ Portsmouth mores#) lo 
uw a* a murrain ana rwnfogr 

Co tors or Ihr draff srh#TD#*moy 

hr obtauwd Irani inr Church 
Gommitaiuinr* 1 Mlttbank. Ion 
don swip 3 JZ to wnara any 
rrsprrsmiailoni should tfo arm 
wiirun 28 day* of ihr pubbcalioa 
of this not ire. 

Campbell, may 
lair 01 rial 4. I IB Wdiham Rood. 

Found oraa Ihrrr 
on 1 2tn Marrn I9S5 
■ Euair about Co SOOl 

■an- M 3t Bovnrfo Road. Stoke 
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US dollar 
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to £60 million. • . . 

Tempos, page 23 

Offer plan 

Biddle Holdings, the heal- 
ing and air-conditioning man- 
ufacturer.. and. another, un- 
disclosed, party are in 
cfiseussfons that may lead to a 
recommended offer being 
made for its shares. 

Orders boost 

.Mt Arthur Rnsch. chairman 
of LPA Industries, told the 
annual meeting .that the 
company's order book is ap- 
proadungfl million, one filth 
up on last year. The company 
intends to maintain the 30 per 
cent dividend on capital in- 
creased by a one-for-five scrip 
issue. : 

Beatle auction 

The Beatle Cav Exhibition auctioned in New York 
in June unless a sale is 
, finalized by the end of next 
1 month. Radio City told its 
annual meeting yesterday. 
The Liverpool radio station 
said it continued to operate in 
difficult market conditions. 

Bid accepted 

t The agreed offer made on 
| behalf of Granada Group for 
f the ordinary share capital, of 
Park Hall Leisure not already 
owned by Granada has been 
declared uu conditio naL Ac- 
ceptances were received for 
7.73 million Park Hall shares, 
representing 85.9 per cent- 

Going public 

Gold Greenlees Troll, the 
advertising agency formed 
five years ago. is to seek a 
stock exchange listing. Its 
broker is James Capel. 

Stake raised 

Hanson Trust, which is 
bidding £2.4 billion for impe- 
rial Group, has raised its stake 
in Imperial to 1-65 percent. 

Strong pound nears $1 .50 
as dollar slide continues 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The pound .gained more from the dollar bee 
than three ceius^ against a Britain's high inteie 
tumbling dollar yesterday, ris- This is now regan 
mg to just below the -itnpor- foreign exchange des 
rant 51.50 level in London, more important thi 
Tne US currency dropped by negative effects on the 
three, pfennigs against the from any renewed o 
mark to DM2.25. its lowest for weakness, 
eight years. - The sterling index 

Foreign exchange dealers 0.8 to 75.7 yesterday. 




Adam & Company — 

BCD 121,% 

Crtieank Sawncjst 

Consolidated Cttis 

Contmental Trust 12b% 

Cp-operata* 8a»k-.......12V»* 

C Hoare & Co._..-..._ 12*»% 
LLaytfe Bank — 

Nat Westminster 12^% 

Royal Bank e» ScoBand..:^ 12!A 


Ctbb*& NA M 

Mongage Base Race. 

said they could see nothing on 
the horizon to stop the dollar's 
fall. -It's looking very 
bearish,* one senior London 
dealer said. “Even if the 
discount rate is held, that 
won't stop the selling.” 

The pound, which has 
shrugged off its winter oil 
womes, benefited from a fur- 
ther rise in crude oil prices 
from Monday morning's lows 
of below $14 a barrel Yester- 
day, Brent crude for delivery 
in April.-was trading at around 
$15.90 a barrel. 

The pound is also benefiting 
from the outflow of funds 


from the dollar because of 
Britain's high interest rates. 
This is now regarded by 
foreign exchange dealers as 
more important than any 
negative effects on the pound 
from any renewed oil price 

The sterling index rose by 
0.8 to 75.7 yesterday, mainly 
due to the pound’s rise against 
the dollar. However, the 
pound also managed a rise of a 
pfennig to DM3.35 against the 
strong mark. 

The pound closed in Lon- 
don 3.2 cents up at $1.4952, 
and was later quoted in New 
York at $1.4935. 

However, shares ran out of 
steam with some export stocks 
losing ground. The Financial 
.Times industrial ordinary 
share index fell 1 1 points to 

Economic news released in 
Washington had little effect 
on the dollar, but served to 



confirm the markets' bearish 
views on the US economy. 
Durable goods orders rose by 
0.4 per cent in January, after a 
3.9 per cent December in- 

However, stripping out a 45 
per cent increase in defence 
goods orders last month, other 
durable goods orders fell by 
2.8 per cent. 

•Dealers believe that the 
weakness of the economy and 
concern over the banking 

By Sarah Hogg 
Economics Editor 

The economy is slowing 
down, according to the Na- 
tional Institute for Economic 
and Social Research. In its 
spring forecast published yes- 
terday. the institute projects 
output growth of only 1 .8 per 
cent ibis year, slowing to 1.4 
percent in 1987. 

The institute's forecast also 
shows little change in unem- 
ployment. which “might de- 
cline' lateT this year”, and a 
small rise in inflation in 1987. 
after adropio 4 per cental the 
end of this year. 

The institute believes that 
lower oil prices have . “im- 
proved slightly” the prospects 
for the economy, but fearsthat 
growth may be checked if 
budgetary policy is tightened 
to hold public borrowing as oil 
revenues falL Even so, the 
forecast assumes that the pub- 
! Kc sector, borrowing require' 
jnent will be higher than the 
Chancellor bas'raowert for m 
his medium-lerin financial 
strategy. ' 

The institute believes that 
the projected PSBR was al- 
ready "unnecessarily low", 
and would now be an even 
more inappropriate constraint 
, on policy. ' ^ ■* 

'.The institute's view is in 
stark contrast to the forecast 
of the London Business 
SchooL the other long-estab- 
lished independent forecast- 
ing organization, which has 
, just predicted an acceleration 
in growth next year to nearly 3 
percent. Both the LBS and the 
National Institute based their 
forecasts bn the assumption 
that the price of North Sea oil 
steadies at about $20 a barrel 
this year. 

In the institute's forecast 
growth in the industrial world 
is just below 3 per cent this 
year, and rises marginally to 
32 per cent in 1987. 

Three new gas 
fields promise 
2, (MM) jobs 

Three new gas fields are to 
be developed in the southern 
sector of the North Sea. 

They will cost £650 million 
and create an estimated 2,000 
jobs in the offshore construc- 
tion industry. Development of 
the Vulcan, Vanguard and 
South Valiant fields an- 
nounced by Conoco yesterday 
will mean construction of 
seven offshore platforms and 
a 75-mile pipeline. 

The first two contracts, 
worth a total of £25 million, 
have been awarded. 

The platform legs will be 
built at Wallsend on Tyne by 
Howard-Doris and the deck 
structures will be built at the 
U1E yard at Clydebank. 

Whisky plea to 
end ‘unfair’ tax 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

The Scotch whisky industry 
yesterday urged the Chancel- 
lor to treat it as a special case 
in the Budget. 

The industry was being 
unfairly taxed at the rate of 
£30 million a year because of 
administrative expediency. 
Mr John Macphail, chairman 
of the Scotch Whisky Associa- 
tion said. 

The discriminatory treat- 
ment arose because of the 
Government’s continuing re- 
fusal to bike account of the 
inflationary factor on matur- 
ing stocks of whisky, be said. 

The association has been 
lobbying the Government for 
a change in (ax treatment 
since Slock relief was abol- 
ished in the Budget two years 

The association believes it 
should be made a special case 
since by law ii is required to 
keep stocks of maturing 
Scotch for at feast three years. 

, . “Tax officials do not dis-.. 
pule that the effect of this is 
that we pay a far higher 
effective rate of tax than our 
competitors in the drinks 
industry.” Mr Macphail said. 

“We do noi want favourable 
treatment. only less 
unfavourable treatment.” he 
said. " 

In its pre-Budgei submis- 
sion, the association has asked 
• specifically for 

• The introduction of a 
statutory allowance to reduce 
or remove the discrimination 
in the the present tax system. 

: .• A continuation of the 
move towards equal tax on all 
drinks according to their alco- 
hol content 

• An increase in the period 
of duty deferment from four to 
eight weeks. 

Meanwhile, the takeover 
battle for Distillers, the domi- 
nant company in the Scotch 
whisky industry, moved to the 
High Court yesterday when a 

judge gave Mr James 
Gulliver's Argyll Group leave 
to bring an action that would 
block a rival £2.35 billion bid 
by Guinness. 

Mr Justice Webster gave 
Argyll leave to seek an order 
quashing last Wednesday's de- 
rision by the Government to 
lay aside the . reference of 
Guinness's bid for Distillers to 
the Monopolies and Mergers 

Mr Michael Shetland QC. 
for Argyll told the judge that 
the Government had been 
wrong to lay the reference 
aside. It had no power to allow 
the commission to drop the 
reference simply because 
Guinness had dropped its 
previous bid. 

The original Guinness offer 
was referred to the commis- 
sion on the ground that 
between them. Guinness and 1 
pistillerswouldhavetoogreai i 
a share of the drinks market I 

Although the; flew bid.' in- , 
eluded a plan by Guinness to | 
sell off some of Distillers' : 
Scotch whisky brands to re- 
duce the monopoly, Argyll has 1 
argued that this is not enough j 
to make it a new bid under the I 
1973 Fair Trading Acl 

In a further development 
yesterday it emerged that Ar- 
gyll has agreed to reimburse its 
two mere ham banks for some 
of their costs in buying Distill- 
ers shares to further the bid 

Samuel Montagu has spent 
£150 million on Distillers 
shares and Charterhouse 
Japhel has spent £57 million. 
Argyll has agreed to reimburse 
costs of up to 20p a share on 
the transactions should the 
two banks suffer loss. 

Both Guinness and Argyll 
were back in the stock market 
yesterday competing for more 
Distillers shares. Guinness 
snapped up a block of 6.35 
million shares at 630p each, 
taking its stake to 8. 1 per cent. 

Fifteen companies set 
to bid for dockyards 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

Fifteen companies have ex- 
pressed an interest in bidding 
for contracts to manage the 
Royal Dockyards at Etevon- 
port and Rosyth, the Ministry 
of Defence has announced. 

.' Six are interested solely in 
DevonporL These are Devon- 
porr Dockyard Ltd, Foster 
Wheeler, Vickers Shipbuild- 
ing and Engineering and, act- 
ing as a consortium, Trafalgar 
House. Plessey and A & P 

Seven are interested only in 
Rosyth. They are Babcock 
International and Thorn EMI 
Electronics: Balfour Beatty 
and Weir Group; Press Off- 
shore; Northern Engineering 

Industries International; and 
Tyne Ship Repair. 

Two companies. MEL and 
Cossor, are interested in the 
management of either dock- 

The Ministry says that five 
companies are no longer inter- 
ested in the management con- 

They are British Aerospace 
Dynamics Division. Hawker 
Siddeley Power Engineering, 
Flight Refuelling Services. 
Taylor Woodrow Construc- 
tion and Marconi Company. 

It is hoped that the success- 
ful bidding companies will 
take over the management of 
the yards in April next year. 

"I system will force the Federal 
Reserve Board to cut the 
discount rate, in spite of the 
' concern expressed last week 
by its chairman, Mr Paul 
Vofeker, over the pace of the 
dollar's fall. 

US consumer prices rose by 
0.3 per cent last month, in line 
with market expectations. 

The pound may receive a 
further boost today from the 
trade figures for last month. 
The current account will be 
boosted by around £500 mil- 
lion by European Economic 
h Community abatements and. 
r. as a result, could show a 
y record surplus, 
a Money market interest rates 
- continued their falL Three- 
month interbank rate dipped 
> by 3 iBpoinisto I2 5 i6-l2 3 Jeper 
i cent. 

r However, money market 
t traders are cautious about the 
timing of the next base rate 
■ cut. and do not anticipate a 
| move until nearer the March 
; 1 8 Budget 

by banks 

By Richard Thomson 
1 Banking Correspondent 
Clearing banks are accused 
of having a “ head s-you- lose, 
tails-we-win” attitude to 
charging businesses. They are 
also said to be evasive about 
■ their scale of charges, ineffi- 
cient, unhelpful and expen- 

That is the conclusion of a 
report on bank charges by 
What to Buy for Business, the 
consumer magazine for busi- 
nesses. The magazine made 
formal inquiries at the banks* 
head offices and approached 
branches posing as a medium- 
sized business with a turnover 
of £1.5 million a year. 

It discovered that charges 
on an identical account at 
different banks could vary 
between £356 and £1,880, with 
commission charges ranging 
from as low as 0.075 per cent 
up to O.I5 per cent of turnover. 

As well as being exorbitant- 
ly high, many bank charges 
have little justification, the 
magazine said. 

The report found the best 
value at Midland Bank, which 
was also more forthcoming 
about its charging rates which 
were consistently very compet- 
itive. One reason for this was 
that local managers have dis- 
cretion to pay high interest on 
current accounts hi credit. 

The least impressive was 
National Westminster Bank 
where, the report concluded, a 
business was. “pouring money 
down the drain”. 

The charges quoted were a 
“staggeringly bad deal” and 
more than three times those |_ 
quoted by Midland Bank. The 
bank's management was criti- T 
cized as being poor. The head 
office refused to qoote charges 
while the London branch did 
not bother to reply to the 
inquiries. Replies from other 
branches showed no interest in 
attracting the business. 

NatWest said last week it 
was reorganizing its branch 
i network to provide a better 
and more efficient service to 

Yesterday a NatWest 
spokesman said: “The bank 
tries to give the best service 
possible to business customers 
but the complexity of business 
accounts makes it impossible 
to pnblisb a scale of charges 
like the one published for 
personal accounts”. 

Barclays was found to be 
“middle of the road”, but 
unhelpful on disclosing 
charges and paid poor rates of 
interest on credit balances. 
Lloyds also paid k>w interest 
but its charges were rated as 
“fairly competitive”. 

The Trustee Savings Bank 
was rated highly for business- 
es with high credit balances 
and was praised for its profes- 
sional response to inquiries. 

Air chief ready to stir up turbulence 

From, Baxley Morris, Washington 

Mr Frank Lorenzo, presi- 
dent of Texas Air, convinced 
Americans they could “fly for 
peanuts” and revolutionized 
the staid US airline industry, 
ushering in a new era of low- 
cost feres. 

Now he has set his Sights on 
Eastern Airlines through a 
$600 million (£400 million) 
takeover bid which has been 
accepted by the airline’s board 
and analysis are predicting 
another series of shock waves 
in the industry. 

More than say other airline 
executive, Mr Lorenzo has 
seized the opportunity of de- 
regulation to buy ailing air-, 
fines and turn them round, 
through a combination of 
lough cost-cutting and an 
irreverent marketing strategy 
which has captured the 
public's imagination. 

He bought the strutting 

Texas Inlet-national Airlines 
in 1972 and transformed it 
into a profitable operation by 
promoting “peanut specials , 
flights on which passengers 
were offered both peanuts and 
the lowest fores in the region. 

He also put bagels in bags 
on his New York Air commut- 
er flights and effectively out- 
manoeuvred the much larger 
Eastern Airlines. 

Mr Lorenzo's style, in man- 
aging Eastern, the second larg- 
est US airline, is almost 
certain to produce a spate of 
fore battles irr the eastern 
United Slates which will pro- 
duce a bonanza of low lares 
for travellers, analysts said. 

In the process, airlines will 
have to either trim costs 
dramatically or face extinc- 

Ironically. Mr Lorenzo was 
aided in his attempt to take 

over the ailing Eastern Air- 
lines by Mr Charles Bryan, a 
30-year Eastern veteran who 
beads the powerful 
machinists' union. 

Mr Bryan cast the deciding 
vote on Eastern’s board to 
accept Mr Lorenzo's offer 
despite his strong ami-union 

Both Continental Airlines 
and New York Air. owned by 
Mr Lorenzo’s holding compa- 
ny, Texas Air, are non-union. 

But Mr Bryan said he would 
rather deal with Mr Lorenzo — 
“He is a business man and we 
will probably be able to work 
together” — rather than his old 
foe. Mr Frank Borman, the 
former astronaut who has 
beaded Eastern for the past 

If his bid is accepted by US 
regulatory authorities, after 
months of public hearings, Mr 

Lorenzo faces his biggest chal- 

Eastera is suffering from 
severe financial losses, exacer- 
bated by a drop in passengers 
who, fearing a strike, have 
been booking on other air- 

But Mr Lorenzo likes a 
challenge. He first entered the 
airline industry as a financial 
analyst for TWA after gradua- 
tion from Harvard Business 

He convinced a Harvard 
classmate. Mr Robert Carney, 
to join bun in forming a new 
company called Jet Capital 
Corporation which bought a 
controlling interest in Texas 

At 32, Lorenzo became 
president of his first ailin g 

Later, Mr Lorenzo pur- 
chased Continental Airlines 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Through 1 0 per cent 
into a new era 

With one simple stroke the Bank of 
England yesterday succeeded in 
harnessing the current optimism of 
London markets to its gilded chariot. 
The announcement of an £800 
million issue of Conversion Stock 
2005 pulled together the twin mes- 
sage that lower oil prices mean lower 
inflation with the new mood of 
confidence over the state of the 
Government's finances inspired by 
the January public sector borrowing 
figures last week. 

The new stock, priced at £96.50, is 
issued at a yield of 9.91 per cent, 
making it the first conventional stock 
to be issued at a yield of less than 10 
per cent for 13 years; in other words, 
since before many of today's op- 
erators in the gilt market were into 

This ceremonial breaking of the 10 
per cent yield barrier, just a few days 
after the market tentatively did it. 
was seen by cynics yesterday as a 
straightforward piece of Bank of 
England opportunism. 

After all, with Treasury 10 percent 
2003 trading at 9.9 per cent before the 
announcement, the Bank would have 
been missing a trick not to have gone 
below the 10 per cent barrier. 

Those with slightly longer mem- 
ories see things rather differently. 
The 13 years since the last con- 
ventional issue below 10 per cent 

takes us back through the Barber 
boom, the two oil price shocks and 
the growing pains of Mrs Thatcher’s 

Now, the Bank appears to be 
signalling, we are into a new era of 
low and stable inflation, with the 
potent new factor the collapse in oil 

The second point about the tap is 
that it emphasises that the authorities 
are in no hurry to fund. The issue is 
partly paid, with the first payment 
next Thursday, but the following two 
not until April 28 and June 2, that is 
in the 1986/87 financial year. 

Squaring this with the official 
policy of exactly funding the public 
sector borrowing requirement over 
the financial year, and it is clear that 
the £4.5 billion negative Public 
Sector Borrowing Requirement in 
January has boosted official con- 
fidence in at worst hitting the £8 
billion target, at best a sizeable 

Even so, as Stephen Lewis of 
Phillips & Drew points out the heavy 
schedule of redemptions due this year 
makes it essential for the authorities 
to stay in the markeL Putting a foot in 
the door immediately after a 5 cent 
rise in sterling, and with the market 
looking for lower base rates, makes a 
lot of sense. 

Miboc steps into breach 

One of the Financial Services Bill's 
biggest flaws has been uncertainty 
about how to extend the general 
principle of regulation to cover 
individuals. But yesterday's pro- 
posals from the Marketing of Invest- 
ments Board Organising Committee 
go a long way towards bridging this 
gap in the crucial area of selling life 
insurance, unit trusts, and similar 
products. Indeed, they should bring 
long overdue basic standards of 
probity and competence into a 
business not always distinguished for 
these qualities. 

Miboc has made two sensible and 
far-reaching suggestions to the Gov- 
ernment Probity is to be safeguarded 
as far as possible by establishing at 
Miboc a central register of the 
200,000 people involved in selling 
life insurance, unit trusts and related 

Nobody will be allowed to sell such 
products without being registered. 
Registration can either be made by 
firms, in the case of employees, or by 
individuals in the case of the many 
self-employed people in the industry. 

Firms and individual members of 
the public will be able to check on a 
salesman's history in the industry, 
and the board can use the powers 
already available under Cause 54 of 
the Bill to ban a malfactor. 

Since every sale will have to be 
made by a registered person, who will 
then be responsible for that trans- 
action, the disincentive to giving 
misleading information is obvious. 
Miboc has also drawn up the rules in 
such a way as to allow the net to be 
thrown over sellers of completely 
new products. 

But probity is of limited value if 
the seller does not know what he or 
she is talking about The board has 
therefore proposed that there be a 
basic test of competence, to be 
administered by a computer-based 
examination along American lines, 
which all salespeople must take. 

It will be up to individuals and 
their employers to train for the exam, 
but relevant sections of professional 
qualifications, law or accountancy 
examinations, for example, would be 

The cost of all this is claimed to be 
much* lower than one might expect 
Miboc quotes £20 to register. £5 for a 
search (free to the public), and £1 0 for 
the examination. 

It quite rightly argues that the 
higher standards of probity and 
competence which should result 
ought to pay for themselves. Given 
that the cost could be so low. it is all 
the more disgraceful that the industry 
has taken so long to try comprehen- 
sively to curb abuses. 


- from nine months 
to 31 December 1985* 

9 month 

Rate of 



Net property income 

£11.0 million 

+ 20% 

Profit after tax 

£6.7 million 

+ 26% j 

Shareholders' funds 

£229.3 million 

+ 13% 

Net asset value per 
share (diluted) at 

31st December 1985 


* These figures arc: extracted from the Preliminary Aocouncement i^ued on 
Z5 February 1986 of the final accounts which covers nine month period following 
the change of accounting year end from March to December. 

The full announcement can be obtained from the Secretary, 
Capital & Counties pic, St. Andrew’s House. 40 Broadway. 

London SW1H 0BU. Tel: 01-222 7878. 





■ I 




3 = 









as . 












by ' 




Clerr . 

New York (Renter) - The 
Dow Jones industrial average' 
topped the 1,700 level for the 
first time at midday Monday 
in a rally which, however, 
weakened later in the day. 

Stocks were tumble to gain 
despite strong credit markets. 

The Dow Jones indnstrial 
average, which slipped three 
points to 1,695 at one stage in 

the afternoon, dosed at 
L69&28, up 0.57 on Friday. It 
was an all-time dosing 
having touched 1704 at mid- 

Advancing issues led decid- 
ing shares by a seven-to-eight 
margin on a volume of 106.47 
milbon shares. 

Eastern Airlines led the 
actives, ap I-’s at 8. IBM was 
down 7 i at 158- 7 s. 


2 * 


- O 

ton - 


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r ri * 

1 iar 

95 ’ 








NP t 


evJ s 
en ft 










ovi 1 

Po r 

Fr H 

,„ f A betwe I! 
In [' P.T.b - 
P u t Done * 
arcr and E 
off* Mrs f • 

Of x * 

Bo* r- 

Ba 1 

bo " _ 

g - Si 

lor 's 


AMR 51' 52 

ASA 3814 37 

AOedSanaf 50% 50 

AledStrs 73 


Alcoa as 
Am® me 13 
Am Ida He 23 
Am Brands 73 
AmBmcast n/§ 

Am Con 76 
Am Cyntn'd 64 . — 

Am gW 36% 26X 

AmHoma 69 
Am Hospital n/a 
Am Motors 

2 ’. 2 % 

Amoco 59ft S3' 

Annco Steel II 11 

Asmo SMC 20= 

Ashland M 45 43= 

At Richfield 53% 521. 

Avon Prods 30 30% 

Bk of Baton 69 


BankofNY 56 'b 55% 
BeatrceFds 46 a 46 

Beth Steel 

19 s * 19*# 
51% 50% 

SI % 50% 

Brden 57 56% 

60 Warner 27% 28* 

Bnst Myers 66 67% 

BP 33' 

Burl'lonfnd 35% 36 '• 

Budlon NOT 78ft TTs 
69% 70% 

.. 49% 50% 

Can Pacific 12* 12*a 
Catanrter 48% 48% 

Ceianese 196 199 

Central SW 30% 30 Vi 

Champion 27% 27% 

Chase Man 38 37% 

QhmBkNY 44% 44% 

Chevron 36% 35% 

Chrysler 39% 55% 

49% 50 

Clack U— 
Coca Cota 

Mr 4 




and j 

Mr £ 

and I 

Mrs J 
Brou , 
Trud i 
Timl ‘ 

Mr P - 
and P : 
The ^ 

betw - 
Brian * 
Joyce •; 
Soull v 
ise.yi 7. 
Mrs/ . 
Mr IV X 
and It *- 
The , : . 

23% 23% 
91% 91% 
34 34% 

n/a n/a 

CTmixaGas 39* 39% 
Cmb'tnEng 33 32* 

COmwtfiEd 33% 33* 

ConsEdlS 42% 41% 
Cn Nat Gas 49* 49* 

Cons Power 11% 11% 

CntrtData 24* 24* 

Comma O 89* 69% 

CPC liS n/9 n/a 
cme 45 44% 

Cm Zener 44% 44* 

Dari & Kraft 45% 45* 

Deere 31 31 

Delta Air 43* 45% 

Detroit Ed 17% 17% 
Digital Eq 166% 162* 



51 ’4 

Dresser md 



Duka Power 



Du Pont 



Eastern Air 



Eson Kodak 



Eaton Corp 



Emerson B 



• _ 

Evans Prod 








a Exxon Corp 






e Fflosme 













71 ft 


OAF Corp 



1 GTE Corp 



Gan Corp 









Gan Inst 



. GanNHRs 


Gan Motors 








Georgia Pac 









Gould Inc 








Gt Att&Tac 












Heinz HJ. 















mnd Steal 








kn Ftervtr 
rm Paper 







hvng Bank 



JhnsnS Jtm 



Kaiser Alum 



Kerr McGee 



Kmb'Ey Clrk 



K Mart 




LTV. Carp 







81ft 1 



52ft . 

Lucky Sots 

Man H'nvor 


25ft 1 


43% ' 



6% 1 


36 ft 

36ft 1 

Marine Mid 


44ft 1 

Mn Mamma 


37ft 1 



49ft : 



79% ; 





51 ft 


Minsta Mng 



Mobil Oi 





59ft i 



66% i 



45 ft i 

NOT Corp 


46K E 



14ft C 

Nat DisOre 


38 C 



22 C 



14K G 

Norfolk SOT 


90ft * 



33% t 

Ocddni Pel 


25% 1 


Out Corp 




29ft hi 
39ft tr 
64ft N 



22% F 

Pan Am 


8ft l 

Penney J.C. 


60% S 



58% T 




73% M 
52% VS 





Pfietpsbge 2sT 

‘ IAS 101* 

Pat io* 

Polaroid 60% 
PPG Ind n/a 
PrctrGmtt 67% 
PtaSE&G- 37% 

Cora 81% 
RynidsMet 45% 
RockweS to 39* 

Dutch 68* 


Sara Lee 54 >8 
SFESopac 39* 
SCM 73% 

SchTbergor 30* 
Scott Paper 60* 
Seagram . 51% 

SeareRbck 43% 
Shell Trans 40* 
Singer 48% 
SRWMftBk 61% 

SOT Cm Ed 2B% 
Crap 53* 
Ohio 49* 
Staring Dra 40 
Stevens JP 33% 



10 * 






































Market nm 

■ . — ■- - . — — - 

N York n/a 
Montreal n/a 
Brussels n/a 
C'pftgan n/a 
DuOHn n/a 
Lisbon n/a 
Madrid n/a 
ManM n/a 
Oslo n/a 
Pans n/a 
St'kMm n/a 
Tokyo n/a 
Vienna n/a 
Zunch n/a 

February 24 
1 4630-1. «840 
3 7781-3 7838 
T. 1037-1. 1087 
3. 3385*33431 








200-187 pram 








3 month* 

1 $7-154 prani 


132-1 Idprwn 










SWttafl Index compared with 1 975 was up at 749 (day's range 7&9-7&Q. 
Rates eoppHed by Bercieyr tank- HDFEX and ExtaL 



Ctearkifl Banks 12* 
finance House 12 
DkmeoM Mmket Lean % 
OvemMn Holt 13 Low 12Xi 


Ttanerjr BBs (Dtacnum %) 

2mntS 12 'm |SRi^ 


3 ninth 11»n 
Prtato Bank BUM 1 

22 * 


88 % 





22 * 


%. IS 

22 % 





22 * 


KM n/a 23 

rr Alum 45% 46* 
omaSE 17% 17* 
ITtfe n/a n/a 

i Pacific 17 17* 

memo 11 11 


3mh ii»b 

rfine Saak BUM (EtaCOUM %) 

1 mnffi 12 "k- 12 <m 2imth 12 'b- 12 *i. 

Sranth n'#io-iT 1 %i6mnBi 11K-H* 

Trade B»s {Discount*) 

1 mnth lar'u Zmnth 12»» 

3mnfii 12® ib 6nvnh 12 


Overnight: open 12* ekse 12"i« 

1 week 12V12* 6mntn 12*-12 
1 mnth 12*-l2 n u 9mnm n^w-iiRiu, 
3 mnth 1254-12'’ a 12 mm 11 ">i»- 11 '»i» 
Local Author** Depewits (%J 
ZOSva 1254 7 Pays 12Y, 

1 mnth 1254 3mntn 12* 

6 mnth 1154 l2rmh 1154 

1 mnth 13*-» 2 mnth 13*-13 

3 mnth 13K-13 8 mnth 13*-13 
9 mnth 13K-13 12mth 13K-13 

SMng CDi (%i 

1 mnth 12*. 12* 3 mnth 12*-12* 

6 mnth HOia-IIOialSinSl 11"w-1l#i a 

7 days 7*-7 »m 
3 months7"'. 9 -7 , %€ 
7 days 4*-4» 

3 monttis4%«-4 , i« 
Ftw* Franc 
7 days 9U-9 
Swta Franc 
7 days 954-9* 

3 nwnOTaA 1 i*-3 tt i» 

7 days 4%-4V4 

3rognths4 B “-4 , i« 

cafi 8*-7* 

1 month TV 3 ™ 

6 months7^/ a iB 

cafi 5-4 

1 month 4*ifr4 7 iB 

cal 10-9 

1 month 12)4-12* 
6 months 1 354-1 2H 
call 154-54 

1 month 454-4 

cm 84 

1 month 4#i M 7 *# 
6/npnths4*is4 r u 


The pofind recovered 
against a soft ddht, and at 
one stage It was 2 coils ahead 
of Friday's dose. It is current- 
ly Si. 46 1 5 (SI .4451). 



Sweden . 
Norway . 

1.3200-1 .3280 
. 2.1435-2.1445 





West Germany - 238BO-2L2SOO 

KT V&t\ A £& 

N e therla n ds — 2^875-23890 

Franca - - 7.0325-7.0675 

182 30-182.75 



Horn Kong 73000-73020 

Por2gM?_ 14335-15025 


/Sma 1635-1837 

•Unyda Bank WMmafitanM 


Afflenttataustrar 1.1696-1. 1851 

AusirffiSa denar — 2 . 0761 - 2.0797 

Batwaln dmar - 05485-0.5S2S 

Brazil cruzeiro’ .19690-18699 

Cyprus pound — 0.7440-0.7540 

Rnfand madia 73280-73680 

Greece drachma — 205,20-207.20 

Hong Kong dofiar — 11^07-11.419 

motarupM 17. 70- T7 -SO 


Kuwad tfinarKO 
MMaysadofiar . 


_ 36155-33195 
. 660-710 

New Zealand dollar 2.77S4Z7820 

Saudi Arabia nyai 53115-53515 

Singapore doaar 3.1337-3.1375 

SouthAfrica rand 2-9075-2-9212 

LI AEckrham 5342963820 


Robber tap par kfie: . 


QWJoycwsn and Oo report 

Unqtad — 





Na flat 16.40 

March ---- -- - -- 1G234S13 

May : 159349.4 

Aug 188A&3 

Oa 169A^2 

Deo Unqucwrt 

March Unqu^td 




months unquoted 



March _ 









March . 
Vot _ 

_ 2735-50 


_ 289040 



TtmsMWtte- 2S43MSU3 
VM- N4 


Tone . 

. Quiet 

vot W/A 

O MLtaHtaa oaa r B yaa . 
Pdca to * par arable tonne 
Stotr in peoea per Bey ounce 

Rudott Wed ACo-LM. report 


Cash 9693097030 

Hino w o nm s. 9653098839 



Three Months. 




Three Months 




Cash 4503042030 

Three Months _ .. 

Vat .. ■ « 

.Tom , 



Cash 425300630 

Three Month* . 43509-43530 

Vol ■ 1900 



Cash Z_L 40UJD4023Q 

Three Mocihs . 4133941430 

Vol 12 

Tone .. — . Ckfiat 

Cam 4013040230 

Three Months. 4123941430 

vd m 

Tons ; Ml 

{feh 73330-784.00 

Three Month*. 810.0981030 
\W U.B7SB 

Tons , 


Ttraa Months. 


Ton* - 

2865 -2370 





(Ok Cam, S73Bpperhg he 

Snaep 18B35P parhg aa 


Carte nert. down 08 %.av«. 

price. I992apf+131?6 ’ 

qhbb«». down 103 v are. 

once. 19527^+15.121 
Bg ncHL down T3*»are 



■5 " 



Month . 

. dose 










97 JO 













£ par tonne 

MonOt Open Close 
AoriT S330 9830 

May 101.00 10330 

tew - 7730 7830 

Fab 8530 3539 

AptS 10030 10230 

Vol: 1249 

report $10 per tariaa petal 

April 96 &Sm.Q °B35a 
July 86 7363-7343 734 0 

0096 8473843 3 8459 

JB087 ■ ’ 8725 

Aprt87 9403 


Ocr 87 9159 

J»88 9103 



1 mnth 7.80-/75 
6 mnth 730-7.75 

3 mnth 730-7.75 
12 mm 795-790 

Fhed Rate Starting Export Finance 
Scnsme IV Average reference rate for 
Interest period Jamiary B, 1986 to 
Fecruary 4, 1S66 inciusne: 13377 per 



Low Company 

en Ykt 

mea area panaa % P/E 


Three Month Staffing 

Mar 86 


Sep 88 

Dec 86 

us day's total open i 
Three Mona Eurodoiar 
Mar 86 

Jun 88 

Sep 86. 








5* 25% 
43 42% 

38% 38 

n/a 283 
n/a 2754 
71% 73* 

26 26 
n/a 26* 
28* 28 
14 14 

i jpm. i TiaMd rikpat 

Dec 86 

USTreasray Bond 

Mar 86 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Short GOT 
Mar 86.... 
Jun 86 ..... 
Sep 86 


Jun 86 

Sep 88 

Dec 66 — _ 
MV 86. 





92.07 ' 




97- 55 

98- 00 

114- 19 

115- 10 


Htab Low Cteee EstVot 
67.94 87.87 87 88 577 

88.76 88.65 88.70 1232 

8938 89.19 8930 332 

89.61 8995 8996 157 

ffi-Prewous flSo? ““ 

92.19 92.16 9217 1637 

92.09 92.04 92.06 119 

91-89 9135 91-86 25 

Previous day's total open merest 3097 
90-26 89-29 90-15 5780 

69-28 89-00 89-17 719 


97- 55 97- 

98- 05 984X1 

115-02 11 

115-18 11447 

114- 10 

115- 08 419 

115-12 0 

115-12 0 

interest 1733 

Jun 86 154.10 

Previous day's total open interest 1 
15350 15230 153 10 434 

15520 154.10 15430 9 

US 87 
7t» sea 
155 118 
319 245 
183 133 

120 a 

lit 83 
194 152 

58 47', 
33*. as 

383 312 
M 64 

59 72 . 
7D5 525 
178 119 
11b 87 
127 B5 

330 284 
153 H2 
508 34 
528 383 
199 ISO 

ns n 

138 103 
316 254 
142 114 
ei m 

122 B1 

129 85 
97 7S 
1GG 122 
250 IBS 
2SS 2*2 
IBS 80 
590 415 
303 235 
290 233 
109 7E 
117 100 

sen 405 

132 105 
134 100 
>63 120 
3H 266 

ra a 

121 91 

186 115 
148 87 

295 230 

A«ar Tam 
Aug Ams rSsc 










• +1 






Sir 30 3*9. 
28-tn S7 333 

43 11 353 
M 23483 

44 17 S13 

03 07 .. 
3L9r 33 413 
13 03 .. 

2-7 *7 324 

07 22 433 55 233 
31 3.6 400 

33 r 37 334 
300 r 43 333 

Draynn < 

□rayaai Far Eaat 
Drain Japan 
Draym Pranaor 
C um lor 
BM Amar AsM 
Boone Gm 
Engstft lot 
Engtati Scot 

F SC A — wa 
FI C PaoSe 


Past Scm Anar 
Fkai Un Oan 
Hanang Amwlcan 

Hwninfl Radgfng 
nenwq Japan 

Fl amng Tadt 

GT Japan 
Qannl Finda 
Genarai Goes 




00 .. 


V .. 







40 310 


• +2% 


10 .. 




04 .. 




£6 380 




*1 330 




00 780 



*0 r 

30 438 




10 710 




£5 420 



22 670 


• +•> 






10 71.7 




20 S3J 



1.1 380 




40 382 



12S r 

*4 414 





V .. 


10 81* 


• +2 


*8 29.1. 



40 332 



10 980 




£1 450. 




10 .. 




£3 420 



30 <L7 




22 830 



7.1 r 

20 *37 



20 r 

20 800 



• +Z 


1* 000 


• -% 


20 88* 

291 *re% 153r 05 255 


i Low Company 

Pnea Ch%a pwiea * 


BU Offer Org YU 

BU Offer Omg VU 


SSsJSSSfiP? JABramadaxim BH3 Bal 

0345 717373 (Lankina) 

041 3 Hurd 1121 1186c 

IBB «L3* 

1710 18KM 
U82 1987a 
423 45.1 
912 373 
ii5 ei3c 
0*3 B85C 
75 5 804 
1287 1375« 

38.1 02.1 
842 SO. S 

1205 12R0 
085 023 
185.1 1971 

55.1 505 

High Inc Eowy 
Amsncan QrM 
Assn PboBc 
A ssets 8 Earns 
Capas n arena 
Conn a Enema 
Etaupaan CanSu 

ijSpGnMOT fee 
Da Accm 
US Bnaranj CO'S 
Eawas PTOwaas 


41.1 045 
405 530 

.. 378 
-83 277 
<41.4 132 
403 . 
-05 158 
*07 137 

reo 3oo 

rei 170 
*03 .. 
-87 041 
reo 331 

40.1 171 

74-70 neowY Pmemam London EC2A ud 
01-5002777 rfffiSavOI- 
000881 D339 

1-030 0*711/0 MnwyGuma 

GrwSi Gil 
M Hacenwy 

Smalm Co s 

UK GnMh 

Extra fee 


Inc 8 Growth 
Nat Hgh fee 
Prof Snama 

AMd Dwtia Cmsm Swfeoon SN1 IB. 
0793 010300 8 0793 20291 
First Trust 
Growth a Income 

CapM Trust 
Aeon Trust 
Amanem tacema 
Huyt feooma Tst 
Ewn* fecoma 
mgh Yred 
Goat Sara Trust 

Japan Find 
Parte Tout 

r Spd SBs 
i Of Amar TM 

^°' coast • 
® ■ bst-( 
ru *. millit 
l° r crisis 
Pf as ra 
o f Th 
Pf* usabl • 
S* 3 grom 
and f 
thi trial, 
oft snppl - 
mi On , 
us« short ; 

be river, • 
— zoo, : 

At pi 7*^ ; 

1 mini i 

-i sum i 

2 an ec 

5 Ot - 
13 ways 
it peopl ■ 

v. ~ 


2 * 





Set • iSSTfS 5 

loot T , S* 1 ™™?* 

Sacs i 
AM Areal Value 
GH Growth 
Smaito Cb s 
2nd SmeSer Co a 
ffecorera Trust 
Mai MM 8 Cmdty 
(Tsaas Eamnm 

425 3*8 
+13 346 
*35 251 
+54 331 
+03 312 
.. 4 Off 
+32 «S2 
+15 383 
*1.4 950 
+04 033 
+05 135 
.. 001 
-01 151 
+02 121 
*03 057 
+22 347 
+03 311. 
+1.1 235 
+10 233 
♦15 242 
+84 229 
05 317 

■Jro 894 
+23 989 
♦14 290 
+19 142 

131. Rnsbury Pw aant London EC2A IAY 
01-820 B876 01-280 8548/1/2/3 
CapBI Growth fee 930 500 - . 132 

Aceum 503 034 .. 1B2 

Eastam 8 fed 1031 iiB7c . . 15T 

OeOfew yW a t 563 687c .. 101 

Ftaanoe 8 Propany 55J 581 .. 243 

Gil a Ruad fecoma 445 472* . . 973 

Da Acam> 74.4 783e . 823 

HWi fetxm fecoma 855 70 ie ..SOI 

Do Accun 1527 1027* . . 531 

Heh VMM feeotno 853 70.1c .. 840 

Da Accun 1674 179.0c .. 840 

fell Inc 653 70-3 . . 23® 

DO Acc 07.1 717 . . 230 

DO 5% Wnhdrwf B33 682 . . 250 

Manared Fim 564 592 .. .. 

Pratoranca fe co ma 203 281 .. 1150 

DO Actual fl22 879 .. 1150 

Snudfer Co 1 fecoma 1180 1252 .. 130 

Do Atom 1272 1369 .. 136 

MtarUiPBnty Shore 93 93 ..142 

2QS5 2189* 
12*7 1323 
2194 2316 
3333 3535 
5189 5433 
295 31 ■«* 
2293 2439c 
1223 1383* 
1385 1333 
287 905 
607 742* 
712 783 
1203 1303 
KLB 67-9 
1962 2089 
204.1 2174 
3*0 303 
1073 1143* 
1432 1525c 
72 S 772 
B1J 883 
1757 1873 
903 982 
1137 1205 
Enonpl Smalar Co'S 2084 2153 
USA Enatcrt Trust 3181 3372 c 

Goo 8 jan 
fet LMuTO 
Prop Store* 

UnW Enemy 
Worm Ted 
Amor Growth 
Amu tacooia 
Amar O i ras ar Cars 
Aust ttnwin 
Era Str u tter 
Far East 
Hong Uig PH 
IM Growth 
Japan Part 
Japan S ma iar 

0*ama Madoat 

585 574 
053 102.7 
1281 1X45* 
363 384 
582 503* 
257 zra 
1881 2086 
1859 *883 
185 19.7* 
1288 1363 
405 432 
195 215 
153 183 
552 583C 
482 423* 
433 40 3 
980 1024c 
503 587 
237 25-3 
045 688 
130 133 
367 381 
213 243* 
313 3*0 
*45 *75tt 
111 M.O 
74 1 775 
647 077 

+83 865 
483 2.19 
*02 157 
485 205 
*82 758 
*04 7.73 
♦23 *30 
+27 *33 
481 939 
-84 231 
.. 228 
-81 231 

.. 0-71 

+83 145 
+84 031 
+83 037 
+82 325 
.. 531 
. . 130 
-83 852 
.. 042 
*83 123 
•04 370 
+82 230 
-Ol .. 
+03 838 
.. 4.14 


9-17. nwnrnaouM BO. Howards Hatth 
0444 *58144 

BS Fund fecoma 
Do Accun 
Growth Accun 
Oo fecoma 
High feooma 

Teawol opy 


552 581* 
923 081* 
1103 1182* 
174 8 Irt7.f 
1123 1286 
503 043c 
093 711 
589 012 
593 64.1 
326 3*9 
1335 1417 
30.1 32.1 

+1.1 420 
+13 .. 
+85 2.12 
+33 .. 
+24 231 
+83 734 
+1.1 104 
-82 120 
-82 820 
+80 131 
-82 800 
+81 230 

TfiB Stock Exchange London BOP 2JT 
| 81 -SOB 2808 
Garwtt fee (4) 

Do Accun (4) 
fecoma Praia ® 

Do Aceuo ft 
h* me (25 
Do Accun (B 
Snctter Inc d 
Do Accun (5) 

121 H^I Httoom. London Wtnv 6PY 

1880 1880 

.. 385 

294 4 300.7 

.. £86 

030 9*3 

.. *03 

1543 1820 

. 4B3 

1102 11S.1V 

. 2.35 

1430 1522V 

. 236 

937 810030 

. £77 


. £77 

CS Japan Fund 

594 632 


Gtt 5 Fixad An 
Th or bn Trusts 
Special Sn Trust 
NOT Amar Trust 
Far Eastern Trust 











♦87 938 
+87 131 
♦83 253 
. 130 

+81 830 

St Gaorga Hss Corporation St Coreney CV1 

0203 553231 
UK Growth Accun 
Do wcom a 
Inc Acuan 


1385 1482 
1202 127.0 
21*7 2203 

1707 1089 

GMafFhad Accun 950 993c 
Do feccme 823 056c 

NOT Amar Tat Accun 1315 1483 
Far Ea« Tar Acorn 1075 1143 
Bum Tst Accun 1317 1481 
Genarai Trim 21*3 2Z7.9 

+2* 332 
*22 302 
+3.7 801 
+30 501 
+15 230 
+13 238 
-81 0.15 
+83 874 
+13 097 
♦23 297 

1, Lauaoca Fouomy HB. London EC4H DBA 
01-023 4080 
Amarlon Asm 
C apaal Fund 
ferana Frmd 
For EasMrt Find 
Ovantaa* fecoma 
Bred tawntti 
Ntauai Ras Hind 
Eucpaan neoma 



-0.7 027 

1032 1104 

+07 0.43 



+05 5.13 



-00 ®.42 



-06 *08 



+07 95* 



+02 *07 



♦1.1 £71 

Raw WaJk. Tudaldg* 1W9 1DY 
0732 302222 

Amatfean 943 1015 

Amar EcMcy feooma 31.1 333» 

Amar Spncml SB 475 589 

Far East fee 282 300 

GOT 3 Fuad fet 285 293 

Growth 3 fecoma »3 9*2 

Japan Spactat SOa 303 32 3* 

Japan Trust 80S 825 

Mana gad H Tst 117.7 1253c 

Max fecoma Equay 07.1 722c 

Pirteseonai GOT 305 325* 

Soufe East Asa Ttt 253 275 

Spacral SM 


Amattaan Exampt 
Japan Erempt 
Am Ptopany Tsi 
Fmpany Trum 

1321 1421 


E3405 3572 
*2887 2977c 
310785 .0 

.. 830 
.. 505 
+82 046 
-88 357 
.. 950 
.. 471 
483 .. 

+14 028 
.. 557 
*05 236 
-84 030 
.. 123 





88 Odor Omg YU 

UK Spadtt Dm 745 081* +13 221 
Howl Exchange. EC3P SDN 
81-668 9903 
Growth Gquay 
N American 

P r o p e r t y Share 
Gaater Oompmaa 
European Trust 

.. 933 
.. 23$) 
.. Ill 
-82 239 
-2.1 861 
.. 130 
.. 157 
+26 020 

PO B«fe 442 32 a MarjMU-HJL London EC3P 

1153 12058 
1904 2020 
2783 20838 
134 0 1426 
1580 1003 
2150 J»« 
1053 1973 
1977 2184 


01-^23 9333 
I9gh Inc o me 
N Amar Tran 
ON Trust 
9 Vtocaot fee 
9 Vtacam US GOT 

483 S3-1* 
1123 120.0 
1081 1788 
385 97 3« 
752 775» 
725 79.7* 

Tempfe Bar Sm OoTs 1417 1485 








Prerrier IIT Adnre. 1 RayMign Ra Branmood 

0277 217916 
HaoOros Sara Q ft 1089 1f55* +13 224 
Httrrtn N Amar 613 695 -82 095 

Haraeros Jap* F E 887 822 +8.1 049 

Hamhros Scutdm 682 725 -83 136 

Hamm European 880 OT5 +08 131 

Hanoroe Cnratoi 42S 455 -81 1.75 

Hamtaus Eljuiy Inc 755 803 *83 *91 

Hampros Hrti fee 533 957 *80 593 

Mantra Ras Assts 532 565» +86 3.M 

PraaierUT Adnmramanl RayWBhRa Huhui 

1107 1243d 

1043 175-58 

883 9*3» 
52.4 50.1 

003 042 
981 1080* 
121.1 1253 

Spadtt 9ns Inc 
Do Accun 
HoctMay Tran 
drool Growth Inc 
Do Aceum 

financial Trust 

fecoma * Grow* Inc 129-5 1383 
DO Accun 2403 2675 

High fecoma Trust 
Extra feooma 
Snarer Ora Dnr 
Fra! 3 GN 
Gif Trust 

fixed M e rest that 
Gtaoai H a u mc ar a 
own Teen 




FOrtfoao Tst gran 684 703 

PUntOiO Ttt I 
PorUoKJ Ttt Ewopa 
‘ * 1 Ttt HK 




& ::S 

74 0 
ffi - 7 

, St EdfeDurdh 
031-225 2501 (DattancOSi- 

inC Ex £221 
Japan eT k 31 
UK Ex (31] 

Fstt Para hi 
p-stt %n* UK 
BG Amanca 
BG Erargy 
BG Income Grwpi 
BG Japan 

BG Tsennoioay 

1-226 60661 
3704 ms 

245.1 2554# 
1772 1885 
3683 3882 
1471 15*9 
1533 1B3.1 
1127 1199 
1712 1B*3c 

125.1 mi 
1052 1753 

1.06 ; 






Wembley. HAS ONB 

2577 2742 
2853 314.1 
1410 1494 
1364 145.1 

*22 321 
+32 *74 
*82 060 
+19 882 

108 1 . 

Dr-021 0011 

Crow (3) 

8L London EC2N ISO 

-03 058 
+19 109 
+23 531 
+1.4 D 00 

+23 192 


3209 337 3 
2509 26*1 
257.7 2713 





25/26 Albemarle Strom. London Wix 4AO 

01-491 0295 

Aimmcan 487 S21# 

A uatra te n HO i99 

Japan & Genarai 740 762 

High fecoma 413 444c 

fetwremontt Truffl 70.1 75.0 

feamrn Gin Tsi 433 4&9tt 

GAS 3 Food fet 081 703c 

«H MttitatS 313 35.7 

Spacral auctions 415 44 4 

-04 885 
.. 291 
*05 072 
+03 BOS 
-01 1.15 
+08 4 47 
♦04 600 
*0.1 2.10 
♦07 131 


urroom House. 252. nemtord Rd E7 

01-534 5544 


Aust Accun 
Do (nooma 
Exempt Tiuat 
Extra feooma 


GN 0 fixed fee 
Japan 8 Gan Inc 

Growei Aocum 
fecoma Treat 
Law# Trua 

Truttee . . 

Urn* Tach Accun 
Do fecoma 

Wtrtlwrte Trod 

* 'Tat hw Fund Ace 2880 3149 
Do fee 1949 2083 

83.1 883 

1314 139.7 
938 ms 
649 689# 
3929 4176 
67 0 712 
2123 225.6 
2385 2515# 
1Z9E 137 0 
513 S3.7# 
1181 1287 
1203 1279 
1682 1759 
3OT.7 3209# 
750 797« 
1279 1380 
1780 1029 
909 1082 
493 KM 
487 512 
1349 U23# 

*32 238 

-04 138 
+03 124 
*60 4.06 
+87 5.72 
+14 329 
+23 338 
+24 118 
♦82 0.40 
+82 049 
*22 294 
+49 394 
♦as 193 . 
+19 201 ; 
*29 275 , 
+13 IIS 
+83 058 
+03 US , 
+04 1.19 
+53 352 1 
+33 IS 

77 . London Wa* London EC2N 100 
01-588 1015 

fecoma 32806 0 

Aecum 931.77 


Narrow PWL Bnsfel BS 2 OJH 
0272 277719 

Geml EquCY 3*0 371 +09 

twi fecoma 380 393c +00 

Rued fet GOT 27.1 209 *05 

53.7 253 +02 

rai^hrepaw* Lradon EC2V OEU 

1 T 

Crow Accun 
Energy Trust 
Extra feooma 
5 * Sjr ragy 
Gratth hii a mew 
fecoma s amah 
Jroanare A PacAc 
NOT Amer Growth 

Sm+Ax Co s 

GtaM Inc Tic 

201 0 277.0 
417 4*3# 
1487 1580 
1312 141.7# 
5*5 581 
2580 2783 
372 395# 
1085 1104 
97.1 1039 
1016 I06.B* 
1B2fl 194.4# 
513 500c 

Crown Kousa. IMong GU21 1XW 
0*882 9033 

High fecoma Trust 
Growth Trust 

2DD9 2249 
2013 2153# 
1229 1309 

*59 134 
+04 525 
+19 559 
-oa mt 
+03 1-60 
+*0 2.73 
+05 4.83 
+1.9 091 
+99 174 
+04 105 
*03 MJ 
+82 839 




lUmdon Wtt BUg* LtxxJon Wa8 lradon 
EC34 5NO 
01-620 5101 
Amar 0 Gan fee 
Do Accun 
Amar Tuirand fee 
Do Actum 
Crow Tst Me 
Do Accun 
Con* 6 GR Inc 
Oo Accun 
Extra Inc Tat Inc 
Do Accuar 
feooma Trent 
Do Accun 
Ml Growti Fcj w 
Do Accun 

Jo^i 1 Gan fee 

1 Accun 

DOW* Surrey 

1888 1088 
311.7 3209 
1087 1M.0 
1103 127 0 
154.0 162.9 
1583 1075 

FF Epuny Drat 
Do Accun 
FP Hr® d fet On 
Do Accun 
a e w aws t ip Drat 
Do Aecun 


Purac Tresata. Kaipsway. Nta 

01-405 4300 

Gross fee 
«S/h viekl 

30*3 314 7 
mo 1379 

1981 iflfifi# 

+38 231 
*54 291 
+15 630 
♦17 630 
+17 290 
+2.7 220 




DOT Floor. 8 Dawnmq 
01-283 2575 Dealing OT- 
UK cap Bid me 
Do Accun 
fecoma fifed 
fimaon Exempt 

FO Bra 158 Ba ck ra tram. Kara BR3 4X0 
01-450 9001 
Crown 0 fee 
Do Accun 
firs , 

Japan Sunrtsa 
fira Smgdsr Co's 
find Eucpe 
ftratN Amar 

*9.9 533 
435 489C 
0*2 1087a 
585 029a 
082 9403 
593 034 
738 78.9# 
715 780 
584 618 b 
0*2 900 
489 5i3 

-81 050 
-85 030 
+29 030 
+10 230 
+15 230 
*82 030 
+89 030 
+85 030 
+84 2.70 
+15 030 
.. 140 


59 . Gresham SL London EC 2 P 20 S 
01-606 4*33 


Ptemao hv 
European me 
Do Acoaa 
General fee 
Da Accun 
« YtaMlno 
Da Acaan 
Yiau Me 


1 Ac cu n 

N Amarican Inc 
. DO Accuar 
Pigfc fecoma 
_Do Aaron 

Do Accun 

1079 1140 
787 805 
049 080 
1389 M76# 
ini 159. 9# 
1103 1116c 
1706 1759 
759 005 
WJ 1503 
170.4 1874 
1770 1381 
412 482 
523 56.7 
MU 1080 
1100 1219 
BU 709 
709 839 

.. 2.13 
+13 137 
+15 137 
+15 333 
♦2.1 383 
+10 0.78 
+11 878 
♦07 023 
+13 821 
•14 030 
-14 030 
-04 090 
-04 Mfl 
-10 055 
-12 055 
+83 226 
+83 £25 

*. Mg* Onw. Eraaugn 

831-226 3452 

Arenrfrtfi fifetf 685 7T5 +1 0 238 

^Mtt Fifed 790 Mfi +10 £01 

Grown S fee Fund 1196 1279a +22 400 

“ 9*9 1015 +17 665 

1719 1310 +29 123 

193 200 +02 £13 

27 * 293 .. 810 

1160 124.1 +81 029 

1317 1381 .. £17 

031 859 .. 020 

7110 219Je .. 133 

JTOH5 1G£8 1611 .. 810 

23-0 2S2 +82 397 

Ugh Brad. Cnaaartram. Gkrucratsr GL53 7UQ 
03*2 521311 

H^h Oral Fund 
Ma ma noi u i Fund 
RaatMcai Fund 
SnMr jap Co's Fnd 
Tokyo Fund 
(ExJ Amer - 

g) JR*? 

£aote m 

UK Balancad fee 
Do Aaron 
UK &owfe Aceum 
UK Hnyi fee fee 
N American Accun 

Tar EtJtam Accun 

UK Gh 6 Fi tc 
Oo Aecun 

01 7 













+89 551 
*03 153 

+03 ore 
+54 126 

+09 931 
+09 931 

001-236 5086 

Hgn fecoma Trutt 





*85 347 
+07 657 

US 6 General 
Tech A Grown 
Japan 0 General 
Far East 8 Gaa 
Ewupaui Fuel 
Gamrany Fund 

London EC2M4YJ 

+05 200 
+07 250 
+10 800 
+1.7 240 
+12 i.Oo 
.. 140 
-87 190 
+89 030 
-06 100 
+1.1 870 
+89 190 

GUM Raiaucea 

Euro Smoker Ora 
Japan Trust 



Amar SttHfer Cos 

Amar Racowry Ttt , 

ITOh fecoma Exempt 1104 111. 
Smttfer Cos Exempt 1073 1129 
Eure Exempt 991 10*3 

ra^Exanrae, 1019 1099. 

Oolttl Tech Ex (5) 088 B14 

' - 1429 1504 

45. Breen ffl. EC2P 2LX 
01028 0011 

Brtatti Trutt Urfes 
I Trutt UMt 

Treat UnW 
. Tnttt 
Far Eas That 
financial Trutt 
Gra Fteed M fee 
Do Growth 
Hlgn YWd Treat 
McorM Treal 

Japan Tara Tsi 

S pared Ora 

4902 5215 
087 985* 
1780 1»1 
1043 1119 
979 1032 
3309 3521 

280 28.1c 

399 419# 
584 680 

71 j ras 

1073 11*2# 
300 329# 
294 315 
187 7 1785c 
72.1 789 
MLS B£1# 

.. 324 
.. 392 
+04 a to 
+11 099 
+09 £30 
.. £81 
.. 1096 
.. 334 
.. 5.70 
.. 815 
-03 107 
.. 046 
.. 248 
.. 321 
.. 1.70 
.. 295 

32. Quasi Annaa Qua, London 3W41H MS 
01-222 1800 

Bat Offer Chng Vfe 

N Amar A Gan 981 1CP.7# 
Do Accun 1014 1185 

Pacrkc Baafe 049 1015# 

Do Accun ao 109B# 

Snattar Cra A Rac 1089 1759 
Do Accun 1825 195.1 

Yfcaldwl d a Orowth 1(05 1749 
Do Accun 

28 Orton SL London EC2A644X 
01020 (J3M 

1025 1QB.1 
1425 152-1 
485 52 5 
B&2 581 
513 B&5 
.93-2 99-2 
532 587c 
585 57.1c 

Equity Dfet 

DO Actum 

m TruH 
Do Accun 
Hkfe fecoma dm 
D a Accun. 

US Grown 
Do Accun 

-80 106 
-05 1.06 
.. 838 
i. ra 
+81 190 
+23 190 

*03 121 

3809 24*9 +112 121 

+13 132 
+13 192 
+1.1 *70 
+1.1 «.re 

+14 491 
*13 491 
.. 1.10 
.. 1.10 

125 180% BbMcwr Brock 
- 929 251 Safe - 
140 110 GMMT AdraOc 
161 >3 127 Gores OrtttW 
SOS 152 

270 202 

275 220 
-VI Of 

202 220 Mm 

570 AM» fere ro fe 
254 2U In* Cap 

62 41 * 

1M 100 

M g| InHMMI 
89 m LoreTiott 
1« 06 MardMOM 
TOO 133 liONn 
130 100 Murrey I nc ome 
153 112 Murray M 
247 ras Minay Stnad 
33* 268 Many Ventura 
408 354 New Gout . 

77 » Haw Damn oa 

178 103 sa 
54 37 IMnghc 83 
2*3 157 Maw Tokyo 
324 246 Mr Aharttc Sac 
128 70 NIB Sea. 

309 227 "" 

186 120 OdteOi 
101 a Paofic Aa 
43 38 DoT 

4fl 32 ' 

367 222 n attx xn , 

156 ns fferar £ Mate 
244 190 HMar Praia 
233 100 

190 ISO 

200 228 Rranar 
12% to — 

124 00 

334 235 

285 211 Scot American 
SB'j 73 Sea Omani 
448 3*5 Sea MW 
273 204 Sea Nat 
«T0 354 'r Earn Mug 'A' 
600 500 Second Attroce 
145 106 Sac Of Scraaod 
70 01 OTattte Cp* 

ffld {War Ong Yfe 

OB % 



410 . 

















. -1 

• +2 

•» ni • 
39 £7980 
149 *4310 
49 294£4 

39 :2.1M 
81 25982 

2* 09 .. 
09 2.7 284 
81 84422 

135 041 282 

79 LA 009 

80 27029 

21 02 , . 
09r *3 295 
32 51154 
6.1a ai 227 
5 At 54J36JJ 
39f 19 SOA 
7.7 0 l 7 3U 
84n 42349 
.89# 19 -. 
79 £4 5*8 

204 52 279 
09 09 .. 

32 39 319 
42r S3 109 
1.1 05 . . 
49 19 072 
02 19 st* 
7 J 29 089 
44 20 452 

o.a 09 .. 

159 *331* 

89r 59 279 
107 49829 

7.1 r 29 429 

I " 4.1 33489 

+0 85 £9589 

0-1 84 33 384 

+1% £9 29909 

+4 M2r 24 652 
+3 69 29 513 

+3 254) 09 219 

» .. 2*9n *1 309 
+1 89 r *93 4* 



m 76 

i Eraatp 

30*4 +'* 

105 -» TH OhrOMra Did MO 

176 137 1R 

255 mu tr wrafjira 
Tit -7% TR 
Ma’am to 






r » ia TR Praparey 

M 7 . 79 TR Tirt 

155 GH TH Tnnlaia 

W in Tampie Bar 

284 2 n OW BW . as 

333 2 « Tteeg Saaxad Cap 313 

in m TraraOraw MB 

123 103 Trtxxra 121 


£ £ 2" 

110 64 tnk nwh ac m Baargr » 

M* m won 104 ■ 

301 2S9 Yknaa 

- -I 
+3 ' 
•+ 1 % 
• +2 



280 #+3 

GO 19 . . 
3! asatB 
S0r 59209 
. 5.4 r 31982 
107 0927.' 

29f £7 487 
14r 10 . 
03 33389 
29 £3509 
*3 r 41 309 
70 32 259 
119 *5313 

99 39 481 
39 32 332 
147 179 09 
Mr 39504 
22r *1 429 
22 32480 

33 39 37 4 

42 23067 
137f 40 3Q7 


035 268 Akmid A Straw* OSS +10 290 
57'i 2tP, Mot Bqnn t**% +*> 

43 W ARBfe ' 30 #+4 

«S 30 Bounaad 30 . a 

155 00 te O MUfe -Aapw 140 00 

17% 060 CWy Mai BTU •+% 009 

17%9G0 Do -A'. ' - - 2X7% •+% «9 

142 113 Baras 130 +1 M 

102 73 Btg-nrai im •+£ *0 

2*0 178 Enco 2*4 +M *9 

05 60 Eraftarami 93 +2 30 

450 300 FteaSSwjaa* <50 +M 7.1 

' 90 50 frost Gp W 5.7 

HB 4* Gbodo P S IQ 86 • . . £5 

ii%57s HandaraoR Atwn 011% +% 287 1 

TOO 193 Of 190 +5 120 

405 300 MAT 305 +0 -220 

OS 38 MIO TOO • .. 214 

360 217- MamnOa HOooa 3*4 #+2 M0 

ra 75 Pacfec tax Ttt - 05% -% - 09 

41. « Do Warm 21 .. 

211 93 SrtdiBRttNH 286 +T 83 

1 A 37203 

40 T2.4 
33 35.1 
19 199 
39 147 
10 209 
13 124 
09 II 
03 99 
£7 21.7 
59 92 

*9 2*0 

The prices on this page rrfer to 
Monday's finding* 

Japan 0 Pad#; 
Do Aoctan 

HimMn me 

Do Accun 
Euo Got fee 
Do Accun 
Cn i tt k i i Ora fee 
Do Accun 

1909 2089c 
1M9 213.1c 
HU3 1079 
120.1 OLI 
973 10*4 
1172 12S0 
83.0 99-1# 
092 1049* 

+01 023 
+0.1 023 
+03 12S 
-01 128 
+29 124 
+24 121 
+07 295 
+07 295 


183. Hops Sobol Glasgow G2 2UH 
0*1 221 9252 

10*9 1110* 
1999 2009 
1749 1899 

Sautter C 



+39 1.19 
+00 200 

Mkrafeda Iferk, Exeter EXS IDS 
0398 52155 

40 Gmcadiureti SC BC3P3HH 
01-023 4300 fid 208 







Grata ! Treat 
fecoma Trust 
kmtnalantt Rim 

Rare Oran. Tower HB EC3R OBO 

+07 £00 
+05 E50 
.. 190 


Amar A Gun fee 213.0 225JW 

Do Acaan 2408 2B17B 

Amar Hacorenr 2*05 ffi+s 

Do Accun 2009 2784 

Am Samar era 57.7 012* 

Do Aceum 500 02-3# 

Autt 0 Gao Inc 001 739# 

Do Accun 75-3 006# 

Comm o Gan fee 1539 16*7# 

DO Aocum 2009 2149# 

Compound Growth 8804 3042 
Onwramn Growth 2992 3201# 

Do Inc 1049 1744* 

DMdand Fono fee 3029 30*4 
Do Aceum £1047 11.10 

European S Gannl 4072 1772 
Oo Aocum 1992 2111 

Do Accun 
NP! Otruaea a 
Do Acant 
Fir EM Acc 
DO Dfet' 
American Acc 
Do Dm 

1350 1909 
2957 3149 
509.1 S*t7o 
6190 0500c 
508 024# 
589 674# 
5*0 501 
542 577 

+29 £10 
+30 3 10 
+1.1 1.10 
+14 1.M 
-09 090 
-03 030 
.„ 190 
... 120 

-0.1 177 
-02 177 
+04 190 
+05 100 
-0.1 106 
-01 146 
-03 100 
-02 100 
+10 011 
+29 3.11 
+34 346 
+30 £70 
+10 077 
+29 010 
+000 0M 

TO B oa % N onttcti Kfil 8NG 
0603 622200 
Group TYuai £1073 1190* +033 305 

fed Trutt 1104 1225 -01 101 

Bora Yield fee 
Oa Accun 
For Esnam fee 
Do Accun 
Fond 01 bar fee 
Du Acc 

Do ACCUtt 
Q4I A Fined tat 
Do Accun 
Gem feooma 
Do Accun 
HUi fecoma fee 
Do Aocum 
fed Growth Inc 
Do Accun 
fife fee he 
Japan 0 Bare fee 
Do Accuar 
Japan Strader Ace 
Mot! A Gon Inc 
Do Accun 

1050 2087 

4109 05.4 
I960 1144G 
1209 1394 

2130 2250 

3310 8509 
5*09 snm 
£1144 12 . 13 # +013 407 
579 599 # .. 072 

051 694 .. 973 

406 43 JW -02 282 
429 482 -01 Z 92 

2000 3909 +33 596 

7*25 767.0 +07 506 

6709 727 - 6 # +89 320 
£1094 1100 # +013 £20 
549 570 +01 010 

00 cannon Street. London EGON BAE 
dsttfeg* 01-236 3O8W7/0WJ 
fetar na tto ntt Growth 1249 1332 +07 090 

feooma a Growth 320 563 +1J jjm 

Spadtt fife 739 770 +2.1 *40 

A m fc ui Growth 324 347c -01 070 

, Japan Growth 413 4*3 +02 

Yt* I EuRMNm Growth 533 570# +05 120 

ISi+ rel UK Grow* 404 529 +10-080 

Pacfee Growro 305 mo -02 010 

Hffr feooma - • 299 31.6 +02 030 

Prnctxad fecoma 474 50* +04 220 

Do Accun 003 907 +08 290. 

+3.1 128 
+24 002 
+40 002 
-£7 203 
-iS 203 
+04 295 
+09 £85 
+03 407 

252'H^hHotxxni. WCTV 70 

Growth Fond fee 
Do Accun 
macros find 

l "?L?SS taB 

Da Acaan 
Una Thar fee 
Do Accun 

007 009 
1102 1300 
1077 1140 
1102 1172 
1102 1172 
1149 1319 
1002 2007 

5510 587.7 
6910 6294 
727 77.4 
4839 3129 
£1197 1298 

ll a c ro ary Rod Inc 3004 3104 
Do Aceum 385.1 4062 

Second Gan Inc Oi*B 6510 

Do Accun £1199 1£71 

airttfer era fee 5642 63&ltt 

Do Accun 8119 975.7# 

Truttee Fond fee *081 4367 
Do Acaan £1192 1293 
Ctrantxmd fee » 1057 • 

Oo fens* (31 8214 • 

Chamuro fec% 334.6 3380# 
Do Accun (21 8KLB 071-2# 
Ptreara Enmx (1> *139 <323 
NAAOF fee (31 3*0 • 

Do Accun 43) 487.1 • 

+20 005 
*22 005 
-02 000 
+39 *37 
+008 *07 
+29 335 
+39 £30 
+52 071 
+0.10 371 
+*3 £78 
+06 £76 
♦49 427 
+015 427 
. . 11.74 
. . 11.74 
.. 010 
.. 015 
+70 4 82 
.. 908 
.. 900 

40HW£M.>teteyOp1Tram N 
0*91 57 0666 

fed Growth 2*06 2582 

1734 1887 
1308 1*60# 
Amar Growth 003 712* 

- _ -*. Co '» 72.1 774 

Far East GrwOT 000 6£3 


London ECS 

+12 298 
+10 290 
+19 490 
+10 171 
+10 1.71 
+19 342 
+22 343 

+25 190 
+30 014 
+19 104 
-03 102 
+00 097 
-09 1.10 

high 1 

Con* 6 Gtt 
Fur Eaaam 


11. Oreontika Sq. Lonoon EC2M 4YR 

01-023 <273 

Extra feouma 

079 10*9 
1602 1«BJ 
070 929a 
T25.B 135.1 
1337 M39 
1793 IBOI 
1123 1208 
TO5 001 

+1.1 145 

+Z0 *34 

+14 008 
+01 092 
+10 £17 
+39 1.11 

+1-4 0.74 

+12 003 

1 Aocum 

B Bn* 0 O t 
IB Mgh I . . 

0 Security GW 

Ttt RN 

1239 1314 
5*7 57.8 
5*8 S7 7 
01.7 630 

+10 190 
+09 090 
-01 £00 
+02 a hi 


12 Daakng 01-0335760 DaxCngOl 423 

fetWran ljrat 911 MS -09 000 

Awmakan Trutt 199 209 . . n*2 

awWTttAoeufe Sl.l 9*7o .. £27 

--P" fry . 448 400V .. 227 

CommtWy Ohara 5*9 504 +02 191 

grty rt" Treat 439 485V +00 070 

Extra fecoma Trutt 439 *69 +00 095 

grEwamTiral 932 990 +09 00 

FbWlraerettFuB fi*.7 289 +011033 

OWThar a* aa +021001 

QWW %nd taun 1«L6 1510 *10 026 

_ 1359 1449 +1* 020 

GcTO Stare Trust 1£S t37 97 £12 

287 307 +03 010 

'22-9 1319V +10 506 
219 27 7V -03 0.91 
rt3 009V +00 174 
£4290 4002 4053 220 
102.7 1093 +09 000 

235.7 +13 332 

3£7V . . 1.J0 

ukSnarciRKTar 629 oo? +04 iioe 

- Trutt 


ss mur- 

Spacral fia Treat 803 

W fec r taea u Ha* 77. tendon wa* London EC2N 

01-588 5680 
fed Growth 
Amralcan Grown 
A roancan Inc 
European Growth 

Gold 6 Hnnh 

Japan Orowth 
Pactto fecoma 



001 700c 
>693 1810 
♦3.4 404 
117* 1253 
819 66.1 

.. 183 
.. 146 
+0* BOO 
+10 094 
.. 183 
■08 022 
-02 405 

20. r anttr uen ffl. London ECS 
01-623 8000 

htmt Growth be 029 660V +04 1.11 

DB Arman 637 875# +04 .. 

fittd fe« Ttt fee 174 188c +0.3 £70 

Do Accun 215 23.7a 405 .. 

HttYittOIno 1149 121.7 +12 505 

Bo Aceua 105.0 1907 +£a .. 

W Rocmranr Ml 874 826 +04 109 

Oo Accun 814 900 +09 .. 

JapUl Grown Me 659 704 +0.1 . . 

Ou A caxti 001 70-7 +02 .. 

Srartar CO't Ins t347 i*S9 +03 297 

Do Accun 17*4 1004 +09 . . 

UK Ba Own fee 250 27 Ta +03 1.0* 
Pa Accrt n 4£0 4*9d +04 . 

Waktaaja Tacft fee 39 8 42M +02 009 
Do Accun <0i 425 +0? .. 


OTrtan* Fund. 377.1 3M9V .. 070 

fefemah tfe * 4 Gan 2102 222.7# . . 80S 


SRngjgnrao. Brareraaod Eran 

6wty Dntrtxdfen 

Do Accun 
Do femora 
F u eastern 
Gtt Trust 
fen Manrad 

N American Trust 
UK SpuDai Sns 

2549 Z729c 
30*5 *2l9c 
5S0 506* 
009 6*8V 
003 6*9 
730 77 2 

67.1 710 
*54 489 
093 741V 

55.1 503 

+50 224 
+78 £34 
♦09 510 
+10 120 
♦07 002 
+1.4 60S 
405 127 
+01 397 
-02 3.72 
+07 229 

ggwra re Dpt. Gonng«r0a* Wtantaojj, w 

04*4 409144 
Do Accun 


E*n feooma 
Do Accun 
German Cm too 
Do Aecun 

Do Attorn 
fed Tocn 
Do Aocum 
Jura Grown 
Oo Accun 

1702 1820 
2999 3200 

§ 1 402V 
7 511 
U£4 15U 
SI 7 2501 
68.1 82.1 
501 001 
241 0 2577 
467.7 5002 
1890 1807 
1702 1804 

S 4 *** 

524 500 

+«9 £13 
+50 313 
-01 as* 

-01 IS* 
+15 550 
+£9 056 
♦07 031 

+0.7 0J1 
+£7 *68 
+1* *60 
+07 057 
+00 057 
+09 092 
+03 a 02 


Do Aecun 
Japan Parted 
Do Aocum 
Do Accun 
□ete 8 Preaoua Mat 
DO Accun 
US Spaaal fete 
Do Accutn 
Europaan Barf fee 
Oo Accun 

3000 3012 
4572 4775 
009 049 
82.1 80S 
049 101.1 
902 1019 
822 069 
6£7 689 
401 *35c 

41.0 4*6c 
542 67.6V 
070 014V 

09.1 735c 

68.1 735c 

+07 £00 
+03 £08 
+09 £1* 
+00 £14 
+14 0.14 
+15 0.14 

-02 094 
.. 09* 
-05 197 
-05 197 
-05 550 
-05 550 
+10 095 
+19 095 


SJ'SSlSS **• Hort EOT**- 'G 1 a *- 

01-470 3877 

Bte OHar Ora «U 

inQsvnonr i rrm 

Japan Growth 
japan fflralv Ora 

Tncte Mfcnw 
SE Axta Growth 
S cmy teh M 
Sated feta m at kxial 
Gmtt»r Co~a fee 
Spacaa S bia aoi ra 

U nlaare al Growth 

779 039 
10*7 1119 
009 001 .. .. 

969 U39 - 401 .. 
259 279 +02 308 

909 K£2 +02 .. 

009 909 , -12 190 

1139 1219V +09 290 
1479 1076 +1 0 *44 

1*49 1549c 
089 714. 

1349 14*1 
BS.! 914 
1859 1779V 
. 719 707c 
>162 809 

+01 356 

+19 *20 
+05 190 
+00 5.13 
+19 £» 
+19 £24 
+01 196 
+0.7 19» 

scmmobi mrmusr 

Enter pnre Houae. ftxiraaB tA h 
0005 03733 

American fee 
Ito Accun 
Do Accun 
Europaan fee 
Do Aocum 
Gtt S Ftxad fee 
Do Accun 
Gold Rate fee 
Oa Acaan 

1184 *237 
1219 OOLZ 
584 627V 
62.7 874V 
* 036 1001 
900 1029 
529 SB.1V 
779 82JV 
339 301 
352 379 
1559 1802 
3435 3852 
9R4 mi 
1339 M2 2 
1019 1089V ■ 
*54 405 
439 495 
115.1 123.1 
120 2 1285 
9*1 10Q.6 
979 10*0 
16*4 105.1 
1555 1869 
534 57.1 
S54 1029V 
1459 1500V 
6709 725.1V 
W6LS- 1139a 

^aAnSwra S0 BcBtMtfi 
031-568 9101 

w taooma Unto 13*5 1401 

DO Accun 1932 2109 

. Do Accun 
fed kreonre • • 

Do Accun 
Jap Snttr Co'* Ac 

s WS2£“<*. 

finrtbr Co'a he 
Do Accun 
Spadtt OH tad 
Do Accun 
irtyo find fee 
Do Acunt 
US tlmttte Ctr» Ac 

-05 198 
-05 158 
-03 198 
-01 I9B 
+09 IJD 
+08 121 
+09 990 
+12 990 
♦03 *02 
+02 492 
+1.7. 599 
+19 077 
+12 077 
-05 0M 
. -19 1.44 
-29 144 
+04 190 
+05 190 
+16 190 
+19 190 
+07 027 
+07 027 
-07 02S 
+19 3.17 
+24 £17 
.. £78 
+09 198 
.. £00 


M Otter Ctng YN 

Gtt J 

□ote feooma 


Da Ramrasr 
PM snare fid 

■ - 


Ex « 

031 225 2ZT1 

UK Etpily 1649 1734 

— 1419 151.7 

1817 13JJJ 

fimpan M8J 2019 


1589 1009 
mo 1109 . 

1299 1372 
157.7 1072 
HM9 1106 
1179 125.1 

»■ gfetorai So, Edbteugh 

Git 0 fired 
UK SmBr Co'a Eq 

031-220 4372 

WfeH Growti 

fecoma Fund 









hoaront Equfey 
HoBom CtMona 
HOOwn H^h toe 


rear twist MANAaapiT 

^“■Saorang Bo. M a ttn ona. KantMEU 1XX 
0632 67*751 


mla Bam an onl 

MLA am Uitt 

21.1 329 +00 £27 

rt4 49.1 .. 197 

229 24.1V +0510.78 
359 379V +06 527 

254 269 +01 082 

3139 3994 +69 £83 

7£1 750 +09 055 

51.1 549 +03 106 

607 8*5 +12 072 

811 8B9V +0.1 0.70 

66.4 700V -01 095 

823 062 +03 1.71 

- - — ■ sas 805 +09 3.12 

■ m ..... 753 M.1V +1.1 £D5 

Hcttran Gtt Trust 1617 1704 +19 099 

cm raatAHA qeMEarrcoiewtY 

SiSn t ^S5“ ^ Lonoon BC2V 7LH 
01-400 *177 

firadrent Gfeteal 3819 4002. .. 

““rtkant fecoma 2104 Jitao . . 5.03 

Orakront Ml FU 3479 3665 -£1 121 

■Mod R a c reary 2202 2*39 . . £95 

MLA Eurapaan 

St anon H». Stwanv NarR 

684 700 
102* 1060# 
1005 1889 
5£1 S39# 

10*7 1115 
GS5 689 
715 78.1 
599 039 


Uteram Haa. 252. Fkantort Rd. E7 

01-234 SS44 

0*38 : 

Growth Units 
Gtt 0 Fluid fet 
HS) Income ueas 
Yiau Gtt unt 
teOwti Unka 
N Amanan Uon 
Far East Urn 
Sautter Cra Fund 

.. £10 
.. 874 
-- 693 
.. 1099 
.. 035 
-- 056 
.. 032 
.. 1-73 

S S2f!SS- ll-nfc Uoradraa CCMf* -40U 
01-2B0 £408 

2609 2759 
Z700 2067 
1397 1489 
824 875 
1357 14*3# 

+14 t.M 
+14 1.10 

-09 299 

+14 <01 
-03 ffi.88 

1235 1319c +1.1 S3* 
15*0 +12 0.40 

.. 798 


1269 1309 *27 407 Suife 

a^OMtan SL EG4R 9AE 

Amar Growti 
□0 Aceum 

Oo Accua 
Ewapevr Growth 
_Oo Aceum 
Do Accun 


Git S Fbud Accun 

Do Aeon 

Do Aecun 


_ Do Accun 
Exampt Drat 
fExampt Acaan 

934 989 
969 1027 
474 509 
gS 515 
1065 1ML* 
1096 1104 
2300 2449c 
3709 3939c 
839 84.1 
912 92.1 
H4 7600 
794 844C ■ 
0M-1 2128 
3*70 262.7 
1072 1149V 
1092 1161V 
T704 1*12 
1802 1017 
2000 £144* 
318.1 3270V 

+05 194 
+03 T.84 
-01 608 
-01 508 
+15 148 
+15 148 
+34 £22 

+54 2 33 

+19 893 
+1.7 803 
+05 *53 
+05 *58 
+05 127 
♦07 127 
+01 002 
.. am 

+22 £04 
+23 254 
.. £00 
.. £00 

NC Aarai hu fere 
Oa Aecun 
NC Emigy Ras 
NC tocoma 
NC Japan 
NC Sovoar era 
NC Soar Euro Gtfs 14*8 
IS P""** ® m&D 121J 

IE 8115T 1£M 

NC firoparty 1K5 W89 


Amnont*] 2150 2190 .. £80 

Sacuittes ra 0*00 bssjm . , pjm 

HW Yttkl^ U6S 14O0 UO 

MrtfeiCT 360® 3980V .. £11 

fixed. Waran 1985 1S5 .. 2 SB 

JWi hMIW 1180 rail .. 1251 

fiar EAtttg 1015 I860 .. 090 


SKjaUSBP^ “"•'PW 159 3HS 
061-2Z7 4422 



Gtt Hun 
US Hub 

PacHc Battn Tr 











+1.1 £75 
-0.1 190 
♦04 990 
.. 153 
.. 006 

•< Lra»" Horae. GokMSar COI IRA 
1 670115 

American Growti 

.7 839V +01 088 
177.4 +£1 £29 

H.1 9*5 
075 720V 
8S.7 012V 
0£1 0£2 
33.4 1002 

+07 0.17 
+10 60S 
+19 458 
-20 008 
+15 154 

^gl^gfete.SNtt8LHBaaSnanittdSl 3RD 

Gao ttt fecoma 
Do Accua 

COramprayo geo 

_ Do Accun 
Extra KM inu 
.Do Acora 
« * fixao mo 
Oo Aceum 


Do ACoum 

7£8 705 
f§-0 1005 
106* 1187 
1515 1018 
6*0 572 
6»0 65.1 
524 S47C 
0£6 0090 
137 7 1*6-8 
£085 2437 
1608 1872# 
£8 62 2722V 

+10 247 
♦14 £47 
+02 £00 
+09 aao 

+03 028 
+09 098 
+06 003 
+15 0B3 
+19 054 
+£1 004 
*22 £00 
+95 350 

HK|h .. _ 
fecoma & Groan 
Japan Growth 
sprat era 

28. Vreswrn Rd. Remtord BUI 3LB 
68-71 Quean a. Eomurti EH2 4NX. 
pomkwo 070M6BM Or ®5ir4 0B1-2S 7391 
Amar fe e 0 Growth 0*0 094 -0.1 7.60 

Crtrtl UNM 030 1009 +03 240 

pammoray *7.1 • BOJe -02 

|*Wfett| 4£7 407V +04 602 

Bmpatti Growth 873 033 - +15 000 

*jrap* fewfihd 710 737V .. E90 

OS 607 - .,300 
BWmm 367 367# +0.1 107 

tertSH 0*2 800 +04 £29 

OR o n he 520 664 ...1100 

SSSf?J ,ntal ,S12 !T24V +10 0.10 

H0i YWd Uara 1520 1628 +18 478 

1 Unto 075 939V +1.1 8.10 


£2 2£i 6fl, *»a0 »ie 58u 

031-655 8000 

fee 2114 227.1 

0437 2584 

30. Ory Rd. London BC1Y 2AY 
01-438 0011 

Amy T ech & Gen 

Sac fec o ma Fnd 

> Rat 
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SmM Co'l 




MS0 It . 
2 * S 205 
<80 717 
3*0 364 o 

71.1 711 
616 S 74 V 

4985 <313 
375 294 


1. London wu 

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+25 109 
-03 130 
-04 007 
+1.7 072 

+2-5 £88 
+10 850 
+10 399 
+15 1.00 
+04 158 

+04 040 
♦Oil 000 
-02 033 
+0* 500 

+42 307 
+40 307 

+10 £10 
-07 099 

+6* no 

+85 152 
.. 0.10 
+15 250 
+00 200 
+00 0 10 
+07 600 
.. 356 
+07 £10 

London EC2M 5PT 
<77 509 

tocoma Urtu 
Do Accua Unftt 

2260 24£0 
2474 200.1 


-15 £20 
-10 820 

Eqitty 1108 12*2 +11 £04 

Cucp ran Spec S» 829 070 +09 DM 

Extra knot 1005 OT70V +07 041 

2375 2S4.IC *22 100 

mao 1050* +1.7 Mi 

000 640 +05 104 
1085 1180 +10 10* 
714 BOflo +09 470 
630 072 -02 010 

103 308 -01 190 

700 755 ..001 

■70 027 .. 009 

102 174V . t ass 

60.1 044a +£0 206 
702 0*SV +09 006 
400 S02V +04 010 
500 334 +00 70S 

1209 197.1V +1* 153 
879 720 .. 212 

1273 Mlt .. £12 

9~ Si Mary Ana London EC3 a bup 
VI 826-3968 

(Shatter CVS 602 716 -01 010. 


Mamred Houa* 2 Puddfe Dock. London EC4V 

01-2*8 1250 
A w rart urai (fenanh 
Genarai Growth 
GtoM Thai 
fecoma Growth 
tocoma Monthly 
Japan Growth 
Caaax Groreb 
Di ale r Cra 
Bpacte Oppe 


840 372c 
*85 522 
307 414 
545 »4 
*31 401 V 
292 81.1 
3B2 420 
639 563 
570 B15V 

+09 07S 
+10 £72 
+06 010 
+04 *05 
+02 001 
+02 010 
♦04 198 
+05 £20 
+03 201 


fir j- f 

* %■ %. ' i 

OT-n. Now tendon Rd. Chakwkxd 
0245 51051 

4143 4325 
0758 7055 
220J 231.7 
2*09 2595 
W 2tS5 231.1V 
3*95 352.1V 









ftCraynga Rd. Bnatcl 
£72 , 

SB.l 039 
81.1 054 
3013 3217V 
5860 9602V 


581.1 0100V 
1339 14£0c 
1*3.1 1501 c 
407 4B0V 
724 773V 
1180 1230C 
1330 1800c 
1050 1097c 
1050 1721c 
434 527 
1055 112+ 

2005 2222a 
0852 07300 
1560 183.1 
22*0 2380 
607 7*3 
7£1 700 
780 0*1 
1813 1719 
2300 3*60 
1T72 125.4# 

13S0 1469# 

1000 1167 
Do Accun 270.0 3870 

Son H r Go* Dhr fee 485 81.7V 

_ DO Accun 640 504# 

SmttterOn 1087 179.7* 

Dd Accun 2345 2391V 

SMOU SI* 03.0 99.1 

Oo Accun • 905 1028 

Euopaan Growth 885 949c 


UK Hone* CaxAa ft SttMwry SW 3SH 
0722 33B242 

UK EqoAx 1152 122.1 

1087 1152 
N Amu TI53 1222 

» ^“J^Viaducl EC1A 2EU 
01-230 3053 

GrewOT fee 1074 1701V 

Do tnm 2*10 257.1 

tjrt.WVO 1£9 1090V 

DreUSrt 300 890a 

Wt 1213 129.1 

Da Acam 1S1 o itffii 

Amar • Gan 557 393 

Masw Pontttto fG G540I 5605 
Abingdon Rota aa 887 1001 

■wur uNn-nujsr managers 

7. Omo n ra u Sq, U 

-01 1.43 

-at 1.43 

+59 £74 
+93 £74 
+05 043 
+«1 043 
+03 080 
+03 a m 
♦0.1 303 

+02 a® 

+13 087 
+1.0 507 
+09 059 
+05 050 
+26 5J0 
+70 500 
+29 205 
+34 265 
+01 090 

+0i oss 

+03 030 
+00 24* 
+1.1 244 
-01 004 
-02 09* 
+04 05* 
+05 654 
+20 264 
+27 204 
♦10 227 
+10 297 
+13 197 




.. 232 

+20 45* 
+04 202 
+37 MS 
+40 806 
+00 138 
.. 342 
.. 450 

STEWART, Itfomr uwrnwsr 

031-226 3271 

American find 2104 22*1' *00 2.14 

R2 3g°" _ 2363 251 J +07 114 

. DO WM mwrtt 1523 1823 ' +04 £14 

AtrtraOtti Fund 1124 1197 -09 007 

_ Do A caan mfi 1210 -03 007 

«42 SSMc +3.1 496 
Do Acaui 007.7 743.1 c +43 490 

Eiraraa Fund 2384 2530 • +20 005 

Do AgCUB »0 X7A +2.1 00s 

JWI Fifed 2370 3S34c +07 040 

Do Aeara . mi 2S*9c +07 040 
Sam PPP 1460 1944 .... 


SgL Hortram, Suraax ' 


2814 88*4 
540 570 
809 84.1 

+50 243 
-02 100 
+01 197 

Ettate Treat Ace 
Jj Am Treat Acc 
Far Can Treat Acs 



Oarartt Ural fee 


Da Aacum 

. Da Aaauu 
fed Inc 
_ Oa Aaaum 
firtraiM Odm fee 
0# ACCUA) 
Natural Has 
ft) Aeccm 

1090 1170 
1144 1210 
Mfi 1040V 
1139 1220V. 
1470 1570V 
3400 2554V 
*70 . 490V 
600 634V 

8020 ^ 

SJJgi ■ 

270.1 2874 
3310 352.7 
569 9B0C 
■ 809 84.1c 
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4*9 472 

+07 008 
♦07 005 
+19 0,01 
+10 501 
+20 £79 

+49 £W 

+07 80S 

+1.0 aso 

+61 448 

^9 oil 

+10 4.78 
+29 1.78 
+00 107 
+10 107 
-. *93 
■HU 293 


“iittoira. GtMnaraa Rd^tatxjry Bum 

Amar EagM 
A Wtortte 


+A.1 04* 
■ 0.10 


Atnadc a n Trust 
Far but A Gan 
feeama Trau 

Japan Growth 

Strati Comp ictoa 




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Euooean Growth 
Hong Kong 


727 . 

740 804 
1190 1280V 
3*4 370 
400 430# 
122.7 1309 
407 *05 

900 210o 

-OS 100 
+09 140 
+IW 1 JO 
+00 500 
+02 020 
+0.1 200 
+0.1 020 
-09 ISO 
+10 250 
+00 130 
-09 890 


031-223 1551 

teraMtei Gold 17.1 103# -01 0.10 
PraaOc Bi ttn brarpy 140 140 -a I 030 
Cvratrtn fitt fib *8-8 500 .. £00 
OkfeM.MMFM S10£8)07.IV +03 890 



Sit (M Gtt Fund 600 510 +04 197 

to Monday's 


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23 . 


Payless cash test for 

s new men 

The sale .of Payless. Marlcy's 
do-il-yourseJf subsidiary has 
become something ofa virili- 
symbol for Marley's new 
managers. They hope lo com- 
plete the sale within a month 
and thereby prove that the 
company's dull performance 
is behind it. Yesterday's fig- 
ures confirmed the need tor 
change, with profits down 
from £33.1 million to £19.6 
million before tax. 

Marlcy is negotiating the 
sale of Payless with several 
panics. Figures as high as 
£1 10 million have been men- 
tioned but. based on last 
year's profits of £9 million 
and assuming a multiple of 
15 times earnings, it is likely 
to Tetch nearer £88 million, or 
possibly less, as few of the 
properties are freehold. At 
any rate the interest on the 
proceeds should almost com- 
pensate for the loss of profits. 

A disposal on these terms 
might reflect well on the 
board's negotiating skills, but 
it would leave a number of 
questions unanswered. The 
big concent is that the com- 
pany has no plans for rein- 
vesting the proceeds. As these 
could eliminate borrowings, 
which at .the year-end stood at 
£88 million or 68 per cent of 
shareholders’s funds. Marfey 
would be able to afford a 
sizeable acquisition. But its 
acquisition record is not 

It seems the main advan- 
tage of selling Payless is that 
the sale price should repre- 
sent a premium to book value 
and so restore shareholders’ 
funds. These were heavily 
dented last year by a £13.4 
million extraordinary debit 
and the effect of exchange 
rate movements. 

Loss elimination and the 
interest on proceeds from last 
year's disposals could add as 
much as £11 million to 
profits this year. Progress 
elsewhere depends largely on 
demand for roof tiles. 

At UOp the shares are 
trading on 11 times prospec- 
tive earnings, which is high 
enough, until the exact size 
and use of the Payless pro* 
ceeds becomes clear. 

Jarvis Porter 

When is a label not a label? 
When it is a “product identi- 
fication system," according 
to Jarvis Porter's corporate 
ideo. . 

After being in the printing 
business since 1929. the com- 
pany sees its high quality 
labels and flexible packaging 
as being on the frontline 
when it comes to consumer 
companies competing on the 
supermarket shelves. 

Jarvis Porter is a “brand 
leader printer" and its labels 
and packaging are found on 
wines and spirits, food, toilet- 
ries. pharmaceuticals and a 
wide spread of consumer 
goods, from Bailey's Irish 
Cream. Wall's Tee Cream, 
and Deitol. to Bovril and 

It is 3lso the leading British 
manufacturer of the 
“blokaid" note pad. those 
cube-shaped notepads with 
company logos primed on the 

A stock market quotation 
was planned for a year ago 
but family differences got in 
the way with a row over the 
possible demerging of the 
pockaging division. As a re- 
sult, Mr Linden Jarvis, broth- 
er of the present chairman 
and a son of the joint 
founding partner of the busi- 
ness. resigned and the compa- 
ny purchased his 27.3 per 
cent shareholding for £4.1 

This left Jarvis Porter with 
net borrowings for the first 
time in its 57 years and the 
£2.9 million net now being 
raised for the company is 
partly to refinance this trans- 

Growth has been steady 
rather than spectacular, with 
pretax profit up from £1.0! 
million to £2:30 million in 
the past five years on sales 
which have moved ahead 
from £10.3 million to £18.9 

For the year ending next 
Friday, the company is fore- 
casting profits of £2.5 million 
which would mean a 
pricc/eamings ratio of 12 at 
the ofler-for-sale price of 
lOSp. The notional yield is 
4.5 percent. 

Investment in new technol- 
ogy has beeen consistently 
high and £2 million is budget- 
ed for next year to cover new 
presses for flexible packaging 
and self-adhesive labels. 

After ihe offer for sale, the 
directors will speak for 39 per 
cent of the shares and senior 
management will account for 
a further 30 per cent In time 
acquisitions are likely, but 
only in related areas such. as 

ink-jet printing and continu- 
ous form printing. Earnings 
next year will benefit from 
the smaller number of shares 
in issue but this does not look 
like one tor the stags. 

Moant Charlotte 

Fewer free-spending Ameri- 
cans will visit London and 
other tourist spots this sum- 
mer due to the fall in the 
value of the dollar. And 
unless hotel operators make 
up the difference elsewhere it 
could mean a drop in earn- 

Mount Charlotte Invest- 


tailored its tariffs to suit the 
incoming market. So if one 
country is having difficulties 
its tour operators will be 
offered different rates from 
those in countries where con- 
ditions are buoyant. 

The result has been an 
impressive and balanced 
growth in earnings. Yester- 
day the group announced that 
profits for last year, helped by 
new acquisitions, were up 
from £10 million to £16 mil- 
lion.- There is a final dividend 
of O.S7p making a total of 
l.4p. compared with 1.2p a 

Mount Charlotte has be- 
come a mature business un- 
der Mr Robert PeeL its 
managing director. There are 
now 51 hotels and 6.200 beds, 
of which 2.500 are in Lon- 
don. These continue to gener- 
ate 50 per cent of profits. 

The latest figures include 
full contributions from' the 
five Skean Dhu hotels in 
Scotland and the Royal Scot 
Hotel in London which were 
acquired in 19S4. 

The volume increase last 
year was across the- board 

Prospects remain good 
with 1986 bookings going well 
and tariff increases of be- 
tween 8 and 9 per cent in the 
pipeline. Mr Peel is looking 
for more acquisitions 

Mount Charlotte has for 
' some lime had the air of an 
overlooked stock in the hotel 
sector and while further 
growth, without the benefit of 
acquisitions, is unlikely to be 
spectacular, its attractions 
will not have been missed by 
the larger groups. 

Yesterday the shares eased 
4p at 94p reflecting some 
disappointment that the fig- 
ures had not met some of the 
more ambitious estimates. 


Profit-taking turns the tide 
of record share price rise 

Sheik Yamani’s desire to seek 
co-operation between Opec 
and non-Opec producers to 
stabilize oil prices gave a fresh 
boost to the pound and lower 
interest rate hopes. 

International stocks suf- 
fered badly as sterling pushed 
ahead against the weakening 
dollar and the mark and gave a 
rather jaundiced picture to the 
leading industrials. 

Overall share prices ad- 
vanced strongly in most sec- 
tors until lunchtime as dealers 
caught the scent of cheaper 
money - . However, by the close 
shares had fallen. ’ • 

Gilts opened more than a 
point higher but halved these 
gains ahead of ihe announce- 
ment of an £800 million 
convertible gap stock issued 
on a partly-paid basis. 

The FT 30-share index 
closed down 1 1 points to 
1264.2. while the FTjSE share 
index was down by 5.3 points 
to 1527.7. 

The FT Top 30 shares 
looked decidedly mixed as 
recent American favourites 
Beecham at 376p: Glaxo, 
980p: 1CL 904p: and Lucas, 
596p. tumbled. 

In contrast oils were sup- 
ported by the firmer spot price 
with BP up I Ip to 54Jp and 
Shell 1 7p higher at 705p. 

Burarah was particularly 
outstanding at 334p. up I8p. 
helped by revived takeover 

Textiles were very strong on 
further consideration of 'die 
recent merger between 
Yantooa and Coats Patous. 
Curtail Ms was wanted at 23-Ip, 
up 9p. and old bid favourite 
Illingworth Morris jumped 
lOp to !22p. 

Clearing banks rallied well 
as Mexico's debt problems 
receded with oil price opti- 
mism. Lloyds reporting on 
Friday rebounded 1 7p to 48-Ip 
and National Westminster 
closed lOp higher at 699p. 

Among the day's many 

speculative situations. 
Ptikingtoii was wanted again 
on BTR bid hopes up J3p 
more to 44 Ip. a rise of 41p so 
far this week. 

Rumours of an approach 
from either Plessey or Cable & 
Wireless stimulated Tele- 
phone Rentals at 208p. up 

In builders. Mar ley pro- 
duced profits much as expect- 
ed at just under £20 million 
but the share price was sup- 
ported by news of the Payless 
subsidiary sale due to be 
announced within a month. 

The housebuilders Barrett 
rose 6p on 144p on lower 
interest rate hopes. Allred 
McAlpine continued to reflect 
satisfaction with Monday's . 
figures up 6p lo 360p. 

Exfel jumped 6p to a high pf 
41 Ip as the company changed 
their merchant bankers from 
Hill Samuel to Kleinwort on 
the view that ■ Mr Robert 
Maxwell may soon launch a 
full bid. 

Hill Samuel has in the 
worked for Maxwell's B1 

Vickers added 3p to 408p 
after Monday's bumper prof- 
its. exciting demand for other 
leading engineers like Simon 
up !2p to 2J0p and Della 
Group, 8p better at 226p. 

Westland remain depressed 
at 65p down 3p. Ferranti 
slipped 4p to J40p as the 
Defence Secretary, Mr George 
Younger, gave a warning that 
the Government intended to 
cut . advance, payments for 
firms winning defence orders. 

Press comment lifted James 
Halstead 7p to 144p. 

Investment demand helped 
Armstrong Equipment ai 106p 
and A. 12, J76p, both around 
Bp higher. 

Rock improved 3p to 29p 
on Mr Trevor Chinn's stake- 

A large buyer of Sews 
cleared the market out of 
slock, reviving recent take- 

Our business is selling: yours 

The best known name in merger broking 

over rumours. However the 
shares closed little changed at 

Profit taking took lOp from 
Tozer Kemsley at 1 08p and 7p 
from Lonrho at 256p. 

Acquisition news boosted 
Pineapple Dance 8p to 48p. 

Photax was up I3p to 86p 
on news of a stakeholding by 

Good profits from Mount 
Charlotte failed to stem profit 
taking in the shares up 4p at 

Norfolk Capital rose 4p to 
32p on bid talk and holiday 
shares like Horizon Travel up 
3p to II Ip, reflated the 
stronger pound. 

Macarthy's - Pharmaceuti- 
cals climbed 23p to a new 
peak of 35 1 p as Jadeile, under 
discretionary management of 
John Govett Trusts, gained 
control and appointed a new 
chairman and chief executive. 

Ten per cent profit shortfall 
snipped 2‘£p from Rex Wil- 
liams Leisure at 25p. 

Ocean Transport gained 4p 
lo I94p as the company 
derided to improve its image 
in the City by spending 
£300,000 on a publicity cam- 

Pearson Group, Monday's 
high flyer, gave back 7p at 
47 lp. but recently depressed 
Trafalgar House rallied 1 lp to 

Carlton Communications 
fell 35p to 785p as a director, 
Mr Mike Luck well, resigned 
and placed his stake with 
several institutions. 

Life insurances were assist- 
ed by two favourable brokers' 

Pearl reflected the trend 
with a 40p climb to 131 8p. 

The demand spilled over 
into composites where Royal 
advanced J6p to 87 Ip in front 
of tomorrow's results. 

In contrast insurance bro- 
kers lost a few pence behind 
the weaker dollar. 

Ex co lost 2p to 242p as the 
Bank of England expressed 
reservations on linking a mon- 
ey broker with merchant 
banker Morgan Grenfell. 

In quiet properties Mount 
View Estates continued to 
benefit from last week's good 
figures, up 25p to 470p. 

Gold shares benefit from 
the weak dollar and the trend 
lo lower interest rates world-, 
wide. Heavy weights dosed be- 
tween $2 and $3 higher. 

There was a delayed start to 
traded options due to a heavy 
volume of business causing a 
delay in notification of dealer 
position limits. 

Trading started at 1 pm. 


dividend 3p (3. Ip), making 4. 5p 
(3-8p) tor 1985. Revenue before 
lax £9.0S million (£6.92 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 4.78p 
<3.44pL Ne\ asset value of the 
ordinary and “ B” ordinary 
shares I7g.6pn52.8p). 

The company has bought a 
portfolio of five freehold 
commercial investment prop- 
erties for £10.15 million. This 
portfolio produces a current net 
rental income of about £1.03 
million a year. 

LEUM: Six months to Aug. 31. 
1985. compared with the pre- 
vious 1 2 months. Turnover 
$64,000 ($275,000). Pmax loss 
$259,000 (about £174.000). 
against $87,000. The board re- 
ports that these results reflect 
falls in prices and high over- 
heads. At Aug. 31. 1985. the 
company had cash balances of 
$2.5 million and no debL 

board reports that brisk demand 
for high- specification ware- 
house and factory space in the 
Avon mouth area of Bristol has 
enabled the company to let 10 of 
the 14 units in phase two of its 
£3 million Avonbank Industrial 
Centre. Keen interest is being 
expressed in the four remaining 
high-specification units. 

The group has sold to Sarck 
Wood, a recently formed con- 
sortium of sawmills in Sweden, 
a 75 per cent holding in Bowater 
Joinery, plus 100 per cent of its 
Swedish sawmill. Hal In as Sag. 
The consideration will be £1.1 
million for the equity and £7.4 
million in repayment of loans. 
Sarek will acquire the remaining 
25 per cent of Bowater Joinery 
in two years. 

W CANNING: A subsidiary . 
Copal Foundries, has merged 
with Diecastings. a member of 
the Sullavan Industries Group. 
The merged business will trade 
as Copal Castings. Canning will 
retain a minority holding for a 
time. The consideration values 
Copal at £200.000. 

TRUST: In the six months to 
Dec. 31. 1985. pretax revenue 
fell to £3 million (£3.3 million). 
Earnings per share 2.5p (2.64p). 
Net asset value per ordinary and 
- B“ ordinary share !55.6p 
(129p). Earnings per ordinary 
share for the full year are 
estimated at 5.4p (5.22pl. The 
interim dividend is being raised 
from i.7p to l.8pand a final of 
not less than 3.6p (against 3.3p» 
is forecast. The board expects 
substantially higher revenue in 
the second half than in the 
similar half last time. 

• RADIUS: A dividend of 
0.44p is being paid on April 22 
for the year to Nov. 30. 1985. 
Turnover £6.49 million t£5.38 
million). Profit before tax 
£991.000 (£502.000). Earnings 
per share 7.3p (5.5p). Pretax 
profits exceeded the prospectus 
forecast of not less than 
£950.000. The board reports 
that the market has remained 
buoyant. The group's balance 
sheet remains strong and the 
year has opened well. 

dividend of 3.5p for 1985 is 

ig paid on April II. Turn- 
over £8.68 million (£5.57 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £1.26 million 
(£739.000). The board reports 
that the liquid position has been 
further strengthened, cash and 
investments being more than £2 
million. The strength of the 
current order book suggests that 
1986 will sec further progress. 

• H J BALDWIN: In their 
annua) report, the directors say 
that demand for the company's 
traditional products has shown 
an increase since ihe year-end. 

In addition, benefits are now 
being derived from increased 
efficiency and demand is being 
experienced for recently-devel- 
oped concrcieproducis. 

recent rights issue attracted 
acceptances for 5.68 million 
new ordinary shares (about 98 
per cent of the shares offered). 

• LADIES PRIDE: A final 
dividend ofO.25p(l.0p) is being 
paid on April 24. making 0.75p 
fl.5pj for the year to Nov. 30. 

1985. Turnover £7.53 million 
(£7.09 million). Loss before tax 
£397.000 (£282.000). Loss per 
share 4,6p (2_23p). The board 
expects the group to be operat- 
ing profitably by ihe end of 
thecurreni year. 

CAN TRUST: Final dividend 
6p. making lOp (6.75p) for the 
year to Jan. 31. 1986. Gross 
income £5.53 million (£4.08 
million). Pretax profit £4.91 
million (£3.59 million). Earn- 
ings per share l0.42p(7.09p). 

dividend 4.48p. making 5.74p 
(5.46p) for the year to Jan. 31. 

1986. Revenue before tax 
£617.813 (£55Z893k Earnings 
per share 6.7 lp (6.07p). 

A subsidiary. Laporte Holdings, 
is to acquire the trading assets of I 
MIT Halbleiierchemie of So- 
li ngen. near Dussetdorf, West 
Germany. MIT manufactures 
and supplies higbpurity chemi- 
cals and photoresists for use m 
the production of complex inte- 
grated circuits and photomasks. 
This extends the activities of| 
La pone’s electronic products 
and services division into West 
Germany and provides foe 
opportunity for manufacturing 
its range of high-purity chemi- 
cals there. The division already 
has extensive interests in Brit- 
ain. France and the US. 

MET ALC RAFT: The pipework 
and fabrications division of foe 
Supaflo Group has been bought 
for about £1 J 0,000 cash. 



BP 54 lp 
Burnish 334; 
Dee 266p 
General Accident 808p 
Legal & General 742p 
Peart 131 Bp 
Midlands 474p 
begat & General 742p 
Prudential 81 7p 

Royal insurance 868p 


up lip 
up l$p 
up 15 
up 1 3p 
up Bp 

up 12 p 

Sun Life 874p 





up « P 
up 13p 
UP i/p 




down I4p 
down 336 
down 52 

Food trade drive in China 

British food and drink indus- 
trialists said yesterday they 
aimed to double their trade 
with China to about £600 
million by 1990. A delegation 
representing nine companies, 
led by Lord JeJiicoe, chairman 
of the British Overseas Trade 


Abbott Meed v (180p) 226 

Ashley (Laura) (135p) 199 dn 1 
Brookmount (I60p) 160 

Cable & Wire (587p) 335 dn 1 
Chart FL (86p) 90 

Chancery Secs (63p) 71 dn 2 
Cranswick M (95p) 108 

Davidson P (160p) 165 up 5 

From Mary Lee, Peking 

Board, has just completed a 
two-day visit to Peking. 

Lord Jellicoe said that 
Britain's world-leading posi- 
tion in food technology was 
recognized by the Chinese. 
"We can contribute considera- 
bly to the realization of 


China's hopes to modernize 
its food production,” be said- 
Asked about the edge Scan- 
dinavian countries have 
gained in cornering China's 
dairy products industry. Sir 
Ronald said: “That’s because 
of Scandinavian aid.” 

Dtalene (I28p) 

145 up 2 

Ferguson (J) (10p) 23*2 dn 1 
Granyte Surface (56p) 70 

Inoco <55p) 51 

JS Pathofocy (180p) 261 up 3 
Klearfotd (ffBri “ * 

Lexicon (1 15p) 

Norank Sys 
Really Useful (_ 
SAC Inti (lOOp) 
SPP (125 p) 
Stgmex (101 


Macro 4 J105p) 145 up 2 

Merivale Moore (115p) 125 

Microsystems (127p) 135 up 2 Wellcome (I2i 

Snowdon & (97p) 

Spice f80p) 

Tech Comp 


86 up 1 
88 dn 1 
187 dn 2 
173 dn 2 


TSB Group: Mr Colin Bak- 
er has been named general 
manager responsible for tech- 

Ferranti: Sir John Hoskyns, 
director-general of the Insti- 
tute of Directors, is to be a 
non-cxecutivc director. 

Consultative Committee of 
Accountancy Bodies: Mr . 
Matthew' Patient and Profes- 
sor David Tweedie become 
chairman and vice-chairman 
respectively of the auditing 
practices committee. 

JVfolins PLC: Dr A Frankel 
has been made deputy chair- 
man. Mr Christopher Smith 
joins the board. 

Sunway Blinds: Mr Mi- 
chael Hoigate is now general 
manager and joins the board 
of Hunter Douglas 



NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN 10 ihe holders of outstanding 5"; Sinking Fund Debeniure due April I, 1988 ithe “Debenture") 
of CDC International Finance Corporation (the “Company") that in accordance with Sections 3.01, 3.04 and 4.01 of the Indenture 
dated April 1, 1968 (ihe “Indenture") among the Company and Bank of America National Trust and Savings Association Ithe 
“Trustee”). the Company has elected to redeem 5836,000.00 of the outstanding Debeniure on April 1. 1986 (the “Redemption 
Date") through the operation of the Sinking Fund at 100?; of the principal amount thereof, together with interest thereon at the 

as follows: 



Bd-M 1 1 16 


Bd-M 4891 






Bd-M 4999 

Bd-M 7282 



Bd-Ml 119 






Bd-Ml 120 


Bd-M 5036 

Bd-M 7333 


Bd - M403 

Bd -M 1 123 



Bd-M 7365 




Bd -M2624 

Bd-M 5085 




Bd-Ml 179 






Bd-M 1 184 

Bd-M 2627 




Bd -M407 

Bd-M 1185 

Bd-M 2630 

Bd-M 5201 

Bdf M7531 

Bd-M 14 


Bd = Ml200 








Bd-M 5360 



Bd -M410 

Bd-M 1202 


Bd-M 5366 




Bd-M 1220 

Bd-M 2663 





Bd-M 1221 


Bd-M 5408 


Bd-M 28 



Bd? M2751 




Bd-M 481 






Bd-M 482 

Bd-M 1224 





Bd - M483 

Bd-M 1262 

Bd-M 2869 

Bd-M 5504 

Bd-M 7930 


Bd-M 484 

Bd-M 1263 


Bd-M 5536 

Bdf M 7943 


Bd - M4S5 

Bd-M 1264 

Bd-M 2883 




Bd -M486 

Bd-M 1329 

Bd* M2886 

Bd-M 5582 

Bd-M 802 3 


Bd-M 48 7 




Bdf M8030 




Bd -M2896 

Bd-M 5606 




Bd-M 1332 



Bd • M8Q66 


Bd - M490 


Bd-M 2903 

Bd-M 5637 

Bd-M 8068 


Bd - M49 1 

Bd-M 1409 



Bd.° M8075 


Bd - M492 

Bd-M 1410 



Bd ■ M8094 


Bd - M493 

Bd -M 141 1 

Bd . M2922 



Bd-M 58 

Bd-M 494 

Bd-M 1412 

Bd - M2930 

Bd-M 5814 



Bd -M495 




Bd -M8140 

Bd -M63 

Bd -M496 

Bd- M1414 


Bdr M5816 

Bdf M8154 

Bd-M 64 




Bd-M 5835 



Bd M550 



Bd-M 5847 




Bd-M 1444 

Bd * M2963 

Bd-M 5867 




Bd-M 1445 


Bd-M 589 3 



Bd-M 553 

Bd- M1446 






Bd-M 1447 

Bd-M 2994 

Bd-M 5935 




Bd-M 1448 

Bd-M 3002 

Bd-M 5940 



Bd > M604 

Bd-M 1553 

Bd-M 3003 

Bd-M 5951 




Bd> M1651 

Bd-M 3004 

Bd-M 5983 



Bd-M 606 

Bd-M 1652 

Bd M3007 

Bd-M 5999 



Bd-M 607 


Bd-M 3008 




Bd-M 608 

Bd-M 1655 


Bd-M 6043 

Bd-M 8488 




Bd-M 3029 

Bd-M 6060 


Bd» M95 





Bd-M 8560 


Bd- M6I1 

Bd-M 1706 


Bd-M 6086 



Bd- M612 

Bd-M 1708 




Bd-M 102 

Bd-M 61 3 








Bd - M3265 

Bd-M61 17 





Bd-M 34 38 

Bd-M61 19 


Bd-M 108 





Bd -M880L 


Bd - M649 

Bd-M 1780 

Bd-M 3440 


Bd-M 8886 



Bd-M 1781 




Bd-M 136 

Bd-M 651 

Bd-M 1782 

Bd-M 3558 

Bd-M 6202 

Bd- M8952 

Bd-M 137 


Bd-M 1852 


Bd-M 6224 

Bd-M 8953 

Bd-M 138 


Bd-M 1853 


Bd-M 6244 



Bd-M 667 

Bdf M1854 

Bdf M 3693 




Bd-M 668 

Bd-M 1855 


Bd « M6267 




Bd-M 1883 

Bd-M 3780 




Bd-M 670 

Bd-M 1886 


Bd - M6283 


Bd = M165 


Bd-M 1903 


Bdf M6320 

Bd* M9090 




Bd -M3876 

Bd-M 6361 


Bd-M 173 


Bd-M 1905 

Bd* M3877 

Bd-M 6372 






Bd-M 6393 




Bd r M ] 945 




Bd-M 185 

Bd-M 699 

Bd-M 1946 





Bd-M 728 

Bd-M 1947 


Bd-M 6427 




Bd-M 1972 



Bd- M9224 

Bd-M 188 


Bd-M 1973 


Bd-M 6429 


Bd-M 189 

Bd-M 762 

Bd-M 1974 


Bd-M 6430 





Bd-M 4064 

Bd-M 6462 

Bd-M 9301 



Bd-M 2083 

Bd* M4100 

Bd.- M 6477 


Bd-M 192 

Bd-M 765 






Bd ■ M766 

Bdf M2085 




Bd-M 194 


Bd - M2086 



Bd.- M9476 







Bd -M196 










Bd-M 6532 

Bd-M 9535 








Bd-M 804 




Bdf M9608 



Bdf M2 140 





Bd-M 806 














Bd-M 4308 

Bd-M 6648 



Bd-M 890 

Bd- M219X 











Bd-M 892 

Bd-M 2272 



Bd-M 9888 

Bd-M 274 



Bd-M 4469 





Bd-M 2304 

Bd-M 4470 



Bd-M 300 





Bd-M 10,050 

Bd ; M301 


Bd-M 2308 



Bd-M 10,061 

Bd-M 302 

Bd -M962 



Bdf M 6859 








Bd-M 304 



Bdf M4613 








Bd-M 10,200 

Bd-M 306 

Bd-M 1004 




Bd-M 10,220 





Bd-M 7002 

Bd-M 10,280 

Bd-M 327 




Bd-M 7003 

Bd-M 10,287 


Bd-M 1007 




Bd-M 10.307 

Bd -M332 

Bd-M 1031 

Bd -M2340 


Bd -M7061 

Bd-M 10.377 


Bd -M1032 

Bd - M2351 

Bd-M 4654 

Bd-M 7063 



Bd-M 1033 

Bd -M2352 

Bd * M4657 

Bd -M7174 

Bd-MlO, 412 


Bd-M 1063 




Bd-M 10,4 13 

Bd -M390 

Bd-M 1064 


Bd-M 4685 

Bd-M 7209 

Bd-M 10,414 

Bd-M 391 

Bd-M 1065 


Bd -M4781 

Bd -M7210 


Bd*M 10,442 
Bd* Ml 0,443 
8d-M 10.489 
Bd-M 10,544 
Bd-M 10.560 
Bd-M 10.593 
Bd-M 10,600 
Bd- Ml 0,644 
Bd-M 10.666 
Bd-M 10,722 
Bd-M 10,776. 

Bd-M 10,784 
Bd-M 10,863 
Bd-M 10.864 
Bd-M 10.896 
Bd-M 10.952 
Bd-M 10,968 
Bd-M 10,932 
Bd-M 10.995 
Bd-M 11,000 
Bd-M 11,027 
Bd- Ml 1,029 
Bd-Ml 1.070 
Bd-M 11,077 
Bd-M 11.144 
Bd-Ml 1.220 
Bd-Ml 1,299 
Bd-M 11 ,300 
Bd-M 11.336 
Bd-Ml 1,361 
Bd-Ml 1.372 
Bd-M 11,400 
Bd -Ml 1.430 
Bd-Ml 1.439 
Bd-M 11,493 
Bd-M 11,533 
Bd-M 11,550 
Bd-Ml 1.608 
Bd-Ml 1,616 
Bd-M 11.647 
Bd-Ml 1.669 
Bd-Ml 1.728 
Bd-M 11,777 
Bd-M 11.807 
Bd-M 1 1.826 
Bd«Ml 1,830 
Bd-Ml 1.857 
Bd-Ml 1.881 
Bd-Ml 1.932 
Bd-M 11,995 
Bd-M 12,017 
Bd;M 12,027 
Bd?M 12.035 
Bd-M 12.056 
Bd-M 12,081 
Bd-M 12,098 
Bd-M 12,168 
Bd-M 12, 188 
Bd-M 12,200 
Bd-M 12.219 
8d-M 12,237 
Bd-M 12,263 
Bd-M 12.297 
Bd-M 12,334 
Bd-M 12,392 
Bd-M 12,407 
Bd-M 12,427 
Bd-Ml 2,448 
Bd-M 12,480 
Bd-M 12.499 
Bd-M 12,521 
Bd-M 12.544 
Bd-M 12,557 
Bd-M 12,562 
Bd-M 12,574 
Bd-M 12.585 
Bd-M 12,597 
Bd-M 12.622 
Bd-M 12.645 
Bd-M 12,658 
Bd-M 12,766 
Bd-M 12.799 
Bd-M 12,823 
Bd-M 12.862 
Bd-M 12.891 
Bd-M 12,929 

On April 1. 1486, the Debentures will become due and payable and are required to be presented and surrendered tor redemption 
and payment on or before said dale at the following places of payment: 

Bd-M 12,934 
Bd-M 12,984 
Bd-M 12.999 
Bd-M 13.000 
Bd-M 13,016 
Bd-M 13.045 
Bd- Ml 3,056 
Bd-M 13,151 
Bd-M 13,202 
Bd-M 13.223 
Bd-M 13.260 
Bd-M 13.276 
Bd-M 13,321 
Bd -M13.338 
Bd-M 13.367 
Bd-M 13,389 
Bd-M 13,425 
Bd-M 13,426 
Bd-M 13,494 
Bd-M 13,536 
Bd -M13.552 
Bd-M 13,579 
Bd-M 13.587 
Bd-M 13,598 
Bd-M 13,627 
Bd-'M 13.701 
Bd-M 13.709 
Bd-M 13.735 
Bd-M 13,749 
Bd-M 13,773 
Bd-Ml 3,780 
Bd-M 13.811 
Bd-M 13,823 
Bd-M 13,848 
Bd -M13.867 
Bd- M13.873 
Bd-M 13.892 
Bd; Ml 3.934 
Bd = M 13.954 
Bd-M 13.968 
Bd-M 13,990 
Bd-M 13,999 
Bd-M 14,005 
Bd-M 14,029 
Bd-M 14,046 
Bd-M 14.056 
Bd-M 14, 134 
Bd-M 14. 146 
Bd -M 14,188 
Bd-M 14,204 
Bd-M 14,220 
Bd-M 14.3 13 
Bd-M14,316 • 
Bd-M 14.386 
Bd-M 14,448 
Bd-M 14.488 
Bd »M 14,509 
Bd-M 14.520 
Bd-M 14, 556 
Bd-M 14,620 
Bd-M 14.621 
Bd-M 14,624 
Bd-M 14, 779 
Bd-M 14.858 
Bd-M 14.892 
Bd-M 14,923 
Bd-M 14.948 
Bd-M 14,997 
Bd-M 15,005 
Bd-M 15,006 

Chemical Bank New York Trust Company 

55 Water Street 

New York. N.Y. I004I 

Bank of America 

National Trust and Savings Association 
In London. Brussels. Paris or Amsterdam 

Deutsche Bank A.G. 

Federal Republic of German} 

Banca Commcrciaie Italians 
Milan, 'Main 

Banque Generate de Luxembourg 5. A. 


The Debentures called for redemption herein may be com cried into shares of Common Stock of the Companj at the con- 
version price of S60.42 for each share, provided the Debentures are surrendered for conversion on or before the close of business 
on the tenth (lOihl day prior to (he ''Redemption Date.'' No pa>menC or adjustment shall he made for imere«t accrued on any 
Debenture that shall be converted or tor dividends on anj Common Stock that shall he delivered upon the conversion of any 

The Debentures musi be accompanied by all interest coupons appertaining thereto maturing after April I. 1986. Imerest on 
the Debentures will cease to accrue from and after April I, I9S6 and the interest coupons appertaining thereto maturing after su'd 
'date shall be void. 

It is required by the Internal Revenue Service then if you are a U.S. Citizen you must provide your Social Security number 
when submitting bonds for redemption. 


Doted at San Francisco, CA February 1 1, 1986 


National Trust and Savings Association 



1 = 

From tour portfolio can! check your 
eight dure pnee movements. Add them 
up to give you your overall total. Check 
Inis against the daily dividend figure 
published on this page. If it matches you 
have won outright or a share of the total 
daih prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
bock of sour card. You must always have 
sour card available when claiming. 

Shares turn 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began February 24. Dealings End March 10 § Contango Day March 10. Settlement Day, March 17. 

§ Forward Bargains are permitted on two previous days 









as I ' 
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Feb ; 
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Liei . 



Tomkins (FHJ 



SumiinJ Fireworks 


friers Stores 



SteraJ Chart 



BS 77 

! 7*8 




• +IS 


79 07 3 




■ W- 


Wefc Fotgo 





1 « 

00 1&5 





B + 10 


18 . 



De**hrrsl til) 

Empire Stores 


Mr C , f 
and i i 
The * 
betw J 
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Mr ( * 

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129 91 Arapd 
52 18 Ara Enragy 




February 26, 1986 




Time to trade 
in the 
used image 

T he Institute of the 
Motor Industry, 66 
years old this year, is 
attempting for the 
first time in its histo- 
ry to change radically the fece 
of the much and often rightly 
maligned motor trade. 

Though the institute has 
struggled over the years to 
lend an air of respectability to 
a craft and a business that has 
impinged on the lives of 
almost everyone in the land, it 
has, in most observers 1 eyes, 
signally lailed. 

'Would you buy a used car 
from this man?” remains one 
of the nation's commonest- 
expressions of suspicion and 
derision. The motor trade, 
from mechanic to salesman 
and up to proprietor, has 
stayed at the bottom end of 
the public’s credibility stakes. 

But now. sensing that the 
time is right for a resurgence of 
emphasis od the responsibility 
of the individual and on 
genuine professionalism, Roy 
Ward,' the former Army major 
who is now the institute 
director-general, is spearhead- 
ing the drive to transform the 

Because it is in the unique 
position of being able to 
control and supervise the 
academic standards of the 
business, the institute, says Mr 
Ward, can lead the way in 
cleaning up the motor trade. 

It would appear to be no 
coincidence that the institute's 
Motor Industry Year is hap- 
pening af the same time as the 
grander and all-embracing In- 
dustry Year programme Both 
are designed to increase public 
awareness and appreciation of 
the worth to society of indus- 
trial endeavour. 

The twin prongs of Mr 

Ward's attack are to double 
the membership of the insti- 
tute to about 40.000, giving h 
a more credible and solid 
foundation, and to enlist the 
support of the motoring pub- 
lic.. If vehicle owners want 
better service they must be 
encouraged to seek out insti- 
tute members, he says. 

Mr Ward adds: "By doing 
this, not only will the custom- 
ers have the security of know- 
ing that they are dealing with a 
person who is totally account- 
able to a professional institute. 

la the IMt Harold Musgrove, 

chairman of Austin Borer 
for the standard of service he 
or she gives, but* they will 
encourage even greater expan- 
sion of the institute and thus 
the maintenance of these high 

And to prove his point that 
the institute now commands 
the respect and full support of 
the entire motor industry 
establishment. Mr Ward 
emphasises the impressive list 
of institute vice presidents. It 
includes aD the top men of the 
vehicle manufacturing indus- 
try — Ray Horrocks of BL 
Cars. Sam Toy of Ford, John 
Fleming of General Motors, 
Harold Musgrove of Austin 
Rover and John Egan of 

Jaguar, as well as the presi- 
dents of the Society of Motor 
Manufacturers and Traders, 
the 1 Motor Agents Association, 
the Scottish Motor Trade 
Association and the Society of 
the Irish Motor Industry. 

After nearly three years of 
modernizing the membership 
structure and beefing up the 
representative nature of the 
institute, Mr Ward now iden- 
tifies what he sees as the four 
great challenges facing the 
motor industry: an urgent 
need to improve the overall 
image of the industry and the 
retail trade; to further im- 
prove standards of manufac- 
ture, quality of workmanship 
and reliability of service; to 
project and promote the pro- 
fessional standards of man- 
agement and to develop a 
strong independent and in flu- - 
ential voice to represent pro- 
fessional people in the 

"And why, after 100 years of 
motoring, do these challenges 
still exist?" says Mr Ward. 
“They exist because our cus- 
tomers have not been encour- 
aged to seek out the 
professionals who will meet 
their expectations, and that is 
our fault Now we intend to 
put matters right" 

This year’s recruitment 
drive will, among other things, 
encourage all senior dealer 
members of the institute to 
recruit their qualified line 
management so that a career 
structure for the retail sector 
based on institute member- 
ship becomes apparent 

As well as the reactivated 
support of the manufacturers, 
the institute is also trying to 
boost awareness of its stan- 
dards and qualifications 
among colleges of further 

Fans haws, the institute’s headquarters, and Roy Ward, its director-general 

education and to launch a new 
modular management train- 
ing system. 

All of this has gone hand-in- 
band with a revamp of the 
institute's public image — one 
of Ward's first tasks when he 
arrived in September 1982 
was to create a public affairs 
department — which has ted to 
a brighter and more stylish 
journal, Motor industry Man- 
agement, and even the pro- 
duction for the first lime of 
promotional aids such as car 
badges, stickers, badges for 
overalls, pens, diaries and wall 

Speaking from his office at 
the appropriately imposing 
Victorian country mansion. 
Fans haws, in Hertfordshire, 
Mr Ward admits that it is an 
uphill struggle and that the 
institute does not yet have 
enough members to satisfy 
potential public demand. He 
is also aware of the 
"uniqueness" of that demand. 

He says; "The standards 
that our industry has to meet 
just to get a. pass mark from 
customers are much higher 
than those that other indus- 
tries have to achieve. 

"If* car breaks down, most 
people want it to be repaired 

immediately and without 
feulL I am not saying that is 
wrong, but we have to produce 
a- workforce that is competent 
to achieve that standard. 

"More and more motorists - 
are financially marginal mo- 
torists — they can afford to run 
a car. but only just To serve 
these people we must produce 
a highly professional 
workforce who can make a 
profit from slim margins." 

Mr Wand is suspicious of' 
moves to impose a licensing 
system for garages, which he 
believes would stultify indi- 
vidual professionalism and 
attack freedom of choice. The 
suggestion came last summer 
• from Sir Gordon Borne, direc- 
tor-general of fair tading. who 
warned that a licensing system 
may have to be introduced if 
garages feil to improve stan- 
dards of repair and servicing. 

This followed a report 
showing that 1.5 milllion peo- 
ple a year — a little over 1 0 per 
cent of garage customers — 
have something to complain 
about after a garage visit 

Mr Ward says: "1 am 
against it because such a 
system will be negative and 
because the bureaucracy to 
police it will need to be so 

great The image of a licensing 
scheme is false: it will not 
bring out people of excellence, 
and I don't believe that most 
people want such a system 

"Once we become better 
known and more motorists 
deal with the right — qualified 
— people, they will be helping 
us with our sanctions against 
the cowboys. If they still 
choose to go to these people, 
which this industry will al- 
ways attract with or without 
licensing, then on their own 
beads be iL" 

The institute reacts sharply 
to the type of consumer survey 
that inevitably attacks the 
competence of garages by 
gloating over the numbers of 
mechanics who fail to find or 
badly repair "planted" faults. 
Mr Ward comments: "In no 
way do I excuse bad work- 
manship — but these surveys 
are so negative. We have to 
create a positive professional- 
ism.^, . _ _ 

Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

• The Institute of the Motor 
Industry, Fansbaws, 
Brickendon, Hertford SG15 
8PQ. Tel: Bayford (099286) 















Opt for the jaguar Soveregjn, and youll find its 
a p p o in tments an a rnn a rf reflection of your own achie^meius 
The ambience of hide uphobuiy. The quiet glimmer of 
burr walnur on dashboard and doorrappings The inclusion of 

ajr-conduiomng The philharmonic quote y of the stereo syswm 
The authority' of a classic six cylinder, fuel injected 4.2 line 

engine or the awesome 53 luxe V 12, both producing ample 
power to minimise driving hazards, and seemingly to diminish 
every other vehicle an the road The uncanny blend of balance 
and iHiobtrusiveness in handling. 

Tor 1986. we've even managed some refinements 
A somewhat lighter interior, employing doeskin pillar tnm 

in place of the black used hitherto. The choice of four 
distinguished new exterior colours, with matching coach lines. 

Headlamp wash/ wipe as standard on both models. Etched 
stainless sted front and rear treadplates. (We make no apology To 
a Sowragn driver, the quality of the treadpbies is of importance.) 

And when you consider that a new Sovereign provides all 

this at a cost measurably less than that demanded for 
‘comparable motor cars, you'll agree that the decision to choose a 
Jaguar is in itself a laudable feat. 

After all. a Sovereign has always been a sound investment. 
I**-’ tf #.'*:■» it Ife.r Af I; t 

n» l» M h>i iv M ri> --Iij V4*i ,*>11 i u i:-ii «■■«» !■! 

•141 KHI- ■ 41 lVlA'J.t.J ,i, nil ,, ir. WM<\ . li All -I ■ I'.A* 






] = 

Mr < . 

and 1 ' 
The 2 
beiw * 

Mr ; :■ 
and ; 
Chri: i 
Bridj ; 

Se\ ■: 
fast-f •! 
niiliH : 

1 UV Jb i^W t/tW 


Why more members of the institute will make it less easy for unscrupulous and inefficient 

Proving that 
we are the 

■ . * V.% Jf sVt .Z v+V .• ■ V 

: W • •• • ' 

By Prince Michael of Kent 

President. Institute of the Motor Industry 

/■ In December, 

JU 1985. our direc- 

1P tor general 

launched In- 
stitute of the Motor In- 
dustry Year 1986 to the 
national media. We 
headed our news release 
Good News for the Motor- 

By so doing we hoped 
to tell our customers, 
without whom nobody in 
the motor industry would 
have a job, that the 
institute was determined 
to put its members more 
in the public eye, so that 
people would become 
more aware of their exis- 

We aim to show the 
public that the image they 
have of the industry is 
wrong. If only they can be 
made to do business with 
the 1 MI. the professionals 

of the motor industry, 
then more people will be 
encouraged to become 
members, and it will be 
less easy for unscrupulous 
and inefficient operators 
to continue trading. 

As president of the 
Institute of the Motor 
Industry and of the RAC, 
I have dose interests in 
both sides of the motor 
industry. The common 
concern of those 
organizations is to uphold 
the highest standards of 
service in the sales, 
servidng and repair of 
cars ana motor cycles. 
Motorists may not be 
perfect, but that is all the 
more reason for eliminat- 
ing the black sheep of the 
motor trade. 

Increasing numbers of 
motorists require essen- 
tial services, but there are 

Keep ing an eye on the indnsfiry: Prince Michael of Kent with a Rolls-Royce tester at Mann Egerton 

more problems than in 
earlier years because of 
the reduction in purchas- 
ing power. With so many 
people out of work, high- 
motoring costs, including 
heavy taxation, pose se- 
vere problems. 

There are many motor- 
ists with restricted in- 
comes, who depend 
greatly on the use of 

motor transport, and 
even some who, unless 
the motor trade and all 
those associated with 
motoring succeed in 
containing motoring 
costs, may skimp on the 
expenditure necessary to 
keep their vehicles safe 
and properly maintained. 

To satisfy these de- 
mands we must have a 

highly professional 
workforce able to malm a 
business profitable with 
small margins. 

The motor trade is 
doing all it can to educate 
car owners to recognize 
how unwise it is to make 
false economies which 
may lead to accidents due 
to vehicle defects, and 
actually cause those own- 

ers to spend even more 
money in the long run. 
That sort of thing could 
further encourage the 
fringe element or the in- 
dustry that does so much 
to mar our image. 

The industry as a whole 
does not enjoy the high 
reputation it deserves, be- 
cause we have still not 
managed to convince the 

pub&c how professional 
we are. The mdztnfeft 
main aim is to be able to 
promote its members to 
the public to prove that* 
we belong to an industry 
with high standards 
professionalism — an 
aim we have in common 
with other - motoring 

Professionalism is bom 
oat of training. Therc is 
no doubt- that within the 
industry we do fer more 
training than is publicly . 
acknowledged, but sense 
companies pay less atten- 
tion to it thfen others. 

' f raimqg to a standard 
rather than training by 
time, has to he the right - : 
way forward: 

- The .flexibility offered 
by modular training is 
also important; but we 
must remember that we 
are dealing with people, 
so that whatever we dfr- 
ride is best for the inr 
diistry must also prove to 
be best for them. In this 
respect we need to ensure 
that from the Youth 
Training Scheme on- 
wards the individual feels 
be is making progress in a 
worthwhile career. 

I have been in a po- 
sition to see much of the - 
industry over the past few 

yeaxis. We have a lot to be * 
proud of. 

We have- to work to- 
geAer if we axe. to ensure 
-that our public image 
. steadily improves. Gov- 
ernment must be left in 
so doubt as to the enor- . 
mous : contribution . our 
industry can make to the 
national Wealth. 

. . The vital thing that 
captains of the motor 
-industry can do is to stick * 
their necksont a bit more 
on the industry's behalf. 
Management and fong- 
term strategy axe-subjects 
which need much more 
emphasis, and .the sup- - , 
-port ' of leading indus- 
trialists in this regard is 
critically important 
In recent years my 
institute has made great 
progress > in the 
reoJ^anizatioh of . its 
administration . fend its 
membership structure. 
We axe now ready to 
move forward in an & 
expansion programme 
which will lead to greater 

acknowledgement of the 
professionals in. the in- 
dustry by the public. We 
can then continue to 
develop an in- 
dustry of which A . 
we can an- be : ^ 

justifiably proud. s 



Cleaning up the 
image of the 
motor mechanic 


e t 

After politics, sex and rdigion- . In 1%4, a jnrvqr carried 
on the Hst of things that set by the Committee for 

pulses racing and spark indig- Automotive Repairs and Ser- 
' nation, comes the cost and vicing feond that. 34 per cent 

success or otherwise of car of motorists considered ga- 

repaira . rapes to be ^uri trustworthy. 

Saloon bars everywhere can with most criticism reserved 

be heard ringing to the tones for cost and quality of work. 

of outraged motorists regaling . The Motor Agents ASsocia- 
anyone who will listen with tionsaid at the time some 
their pet honor stories — and criridfot . of any repair trade 
the hapless mechanic is inev- probably was justified, but it 
itably cast as the villain. rightly wondered Jhowmuch 

..V •: 

■ ■■ - 

As technology has enabled was based on motorists’ own 
the family car to become more experiences and how much on 
and more reliable and need opinion “or what they, heard 

less frequent servicing, so in the pub”. 

motorists’ demands have be- Last year, die annual survey 

come more stringent Conse- of motorists conducted by the 
quentiy, the job of the Consumers Association, cov- 

mechanic has 

w iuv ruwuduuui tu»- ./ 

onanewering 17,000 drivers, revealed* 
• • J that one in 10 was positively 

:-v -.v 

In the big, cost-conscious dissatisfied with garage servic- 
gaiage. he is round the back mg and this showed “a hard 

and out of rights leaving the core ef serious proWesjs”. 

v-':- ?' ’• V'- 

YEAR 1986 

service manager to grapple 
with recalcitrant car owners. . . 

The most common com- 
plaint was poor workmanship. 

But in the smaller, friendlier accounting for more than half 
establishments he now needs the disputes with garages. A 

\kuxhall aimounee 

to be iKrt only a wizard with a further 25 per cent cited 
spanner -but also a good and unexpectedly large bills and 10 
sympathetic listener, dispens- per cent said their cars had 
mg concern and suggesting been damaged while in the 
remedies, but never commit- care of the garage, 
ting himself arid promising The association’s magazine 

nothing. ftftidz? appealed to garages in 

It is in this area, the sharp an open letter: “Don’t dismiss 
end of the motor trade, that: this report as you so often do 

a more 

the Institute of the Motor as yet another witch-hunL Ow 
Industry realizes - it has' much report simply reflects I7;000 

■ to do to change public percep- motorists’ experiences and 
tions and brush up the image, they are your customers." 

It is a huge task — more than 

elegant way to travel. 

25 million peo- 
ple in the UK 

^ce£™?ad ‘The industry must 
most of them restrain costs and 
rasometimeor Improve customer 

other will find- 

themselves at relations 

the mercy of a 

Belmont Class. 

Last year, the OFT reported.** 
that the num- 
ber of com- 

t most P. Iaints . had 

f nsen again - 

ts and . by 16 per 

Corner SF 0 * *0 * wm 

...» figure of 

B 11,806. 

All this is 
leading the 

Not that the institute would OFT inexorably towards the 
admit standards of car repair imposition of some type of 

and serviemg in the UK leave licens ing system for the 

a lot to be desired. 

‘ Despite the complaints. 

tr ade, a move that is 
resisted fiercelyby the 

Do you ever hanker for those bygone 
days of travel? 

The days when the Grand Tour meant 
rather more than “If it’s Tuesday it must be 

Then allow us to introduce the new 
Belmont. A stylish saloon from Vauxhall. 

The moment you enter the Belmont 
you’ll notice its unusually high level of 

The front seatbelts, for instance, can be 
individually altered for height and driving 

And of course, should you decide to 
push the boat out with the GLS trim you’ll 
find much more In store. 

Central door locking, even a steering 
wheel that can be adjusted tor the most 
comfortable angle. 

But in any form, the Belmont’s piece de 
resistance is its boot. The largest in its class, 
it boasts a mammoth capacity of 19-4 cu. ft, 

easily accessible thanks to a low loading lip. 

And thanks to 60/40 split fol ding rear 
seats, you can carry passengers at the same 
time as transporting lengthy loads. 

Consider the GLSi, for example. Its 
streamlined coachwork has a class-beating 
drag factor of just 0*32. 

Even with an impressive top speed 
of 124 mph, it still manages to return a 
creditable 55 mpg when cruising at 56 mph. 

The Belmont is available with a wide 
choice of cabins. 

Seven in alLWIth three trim levels and 
four engine variants. 

Right now, you’ll find the new Belmont 
berthed at your Vauxhall-Opel dealer. 

Why not book yourself a 
maiden voyage? IpaBaai'^'l 

Roy Wand, IMI director gen- IMI which believes that cotn- 
eral, believes that most me-, petition and better paining is 

chanics and technicians, more likely to give customers 
particularly, of course, his a better deal than licensing. 

own members, offer a high Sir Gordon is still leaving 

degree of competence. The . the door ajar, however, for the 
bad reputation ofthe trade has industry to brio itself 

bad reputation ofthe trade has industry to help itself 
been generated by the back- . _ He said last year “The^ 

street cowboys, be says. 

industry most address itself to 

Much of the -evidence re- restraining cost increases, im- 
fines that view. Surveys and proving customer relations 

official investigations oyer 1 and educating car owners 

many years have underlined about the need for adequate 
the public’s overall dissatisfec - maintenance/"’ 

tipn with garages; .motorists In yet another report on car 
may love their cars but have repairs and servicing, the OFT 
little affection for those they listed detailed recommenda- 

paylo look after them, tions to i 

Evidence had been mount- including \ 
ing, and .tins led to the tern of be 
publication .in 1 983 of a mechanics 

tions to improve standards 
including changes in the sys- 

pubucation .m 1983 of a mechanics which at present 
discussion paper 'from' the puts a premium on speed 

Office of Fair Trading, which rather than quality of work, 
stressed that garage servicing ’ Otter suggestions were that 

attracted 10,000 comphunts a garage owners should devote 
yean- moremanagement time to the 

' One Merseyside council’s -i° b of tunnng the reoair and f 
investigation .showed that • s&vicc sides of their 1 
some garages did as little as 10 profit centres, 

percent of tte work required ^ Tte repo rt also w 

The report also welcomed 

by manufact urers at the increasing trend towards 

* ■ • • I ° mmHuI mu. 


The newY^juxliaJUL Belmont. 
From £64210 to £0^095. 


B Y 

D E S I G N 

0OTRjnC0WUMPtl»rtSI5»«W^ COWtAW HlffH 554(5 UOWStAlir re URBAN CYCLE 

26411071 PRICES CORRECT « 


Sir Oaition Borne, OFT 
director general; says: “Ar the 
very least there is. a serious 
breakdown in communication 
f between., many : garages and 
consumers. This relationship 
must be improved and, in 
I view of the emergence of new 
competitors in tins field, 
as specialist exhaust replace- 
ment firms and do-it-yourself 
car maintenance ce n tre s , it is 
now - more . thaq-.ever in the 
interests of garages not to 
■ botch the job.” 

I In the 1983 report, the OFT. 
I said that motorists freed an 
; annual serviemg Mil of Heady 
1 £ 1,000 but, even with labour 
1 charges at £13 an hour, scone 
I garage owners found ft impric. 
able to make^ profit : 

gives customers a pace with 
no hidden extras. 

Not unexpectedly, the IMI 
■dew is that security for the 
customer must come frran a. 
wider institute membership si 
craft and technician levd. 

Mr Ward saysHfte M 

card is the best protection 
the customer.” 

There wfli always be rocan 
for the smafi, one-man bps* 
ness as wdl as me large 
fiandnsed garage, he says. 
Oasrifkmkm of prantes» 

coupled with IMI member- 
ship, to enable motorists to 
know up to which lend -ft 

• '*' 

I,: -&A 

: . 

of operating; k a ] 
system jo teenring. 




The big stepping stone to 
much better job prospects 

The institute achieved last 
year a net expansion in mem- 
bership on I per cent to reach 
a total of more than 20,000, 
but according to the institute's 
new-found optimistic view 
this is just the beginning of a 
huge influx. 

Roy Ward, the director- 
genera], admits that members 
leave the institute every year 
in large numbers — up to 
1,000 — as the result of a 
variety of causes including 
financial constraints or job 
fchanges and a net increase is 
therefore even more gratify- 
ing. _ 

But he remains convinced 
that the present recruitment 
drive can fulfil the immediate 
aim of doubling the member- 
ship and thereafter increases 
can be self-generating He 
says: “If we can make that 
initial leap as a result of strong 
marketing and we will never 
drop our standards to boost 
membership, then we will 
regenerate ourselves." 

The only reason anyone 
joins the institute is to make 
him or herself more employ- 
able and to this end. says Mr 
Ward, the membership struc- 
ture has been undergoing 
change to identify more readi- 
ly the employment potential 
of the individual. 

Thus, at the top of the tree, 
the institute fellows, who will 
be in senior management posi- 
tions, represent 5.3 per cent of 
the current membership, the 
middle-rank • members 46.6 
per cent, associate members 
38 per cent, younger affiliate 
members 9 per cent and 
students just one per cent. 

All members are attached to 
one of the institute's 65 cen- 
tres tii the UK and overseas, 
each with its own committee 
responsible to die institute 
council for its administration. 

The membership is 
strictly controlled 

In Britain about 1 S per cent of 
members regularly attend 
monthly centre meetings, a 
figure that Mr Ward considers 
to be “high by any standards". 

Entrance to the institute is 
controlled strictly: aspirants 
must be'introduced and spon- 
sored by an existing member. 
The entrance fee is £10 and 
annual subscriptions range 
from £10 for a student to £27 
for associate m e m bers and 
£36 for fellows. 

There are two ways open to 
those in the industry to climb 
the membership ladder expe- 
rience and examination, with 
the latter expected to assume 

increasing importance as the 
emphasis is placed more 
heavily on the institute's new 
modular training scheme. 

Taking the experience 
route, a student at an ap- 
proved technical college 
course or taking a 
manufacturer's course, can be- 
come an affiliate member at 
18. but will need at least six 
years* qualified experience 
and manufacturers’ or other 
approved courses behind him 
before he can take up associate 
membership at 26. 

But the examination route 
demands the passing of IMI 
examinations and only three 
years' relevant industrial ex- 
perience, resulting in associate 
membership at 21. 

After that, the award of the 
IMI Certificate of Manage- 
ment plus another five years* 
experience can result in full 
membership by 24. while the 
experience route, although 
also requiring five years* addi- 
tional experience; means that 
the employee is 31 before 
becoming a member. 

The due fellow is awarded 
to holders of the IMI's Certifi- 
cate of Higher Management 
and after five years’ experi- 
ence as a middle manager. 
Another five years' successful 
experience as a senior manag- 

er or senior technical specialist 
is required on the experience 
route before, at 36. the manag- 
er can become a fellow. 

Apart from the cachet of 
being a member, institute 
officials hope that it will soon 
become imperative for the 
ambitious and brighter people 
in the business to join, if only 
because as the result of wider 
recognition it will be the best 
stepping stone to a better paid 
and more responsible job. 

To this end the institute 
makes much of its regularly 
updated job placement regis- 
ter that contains a list of 
professionally qualified mem- 
bers seeking new posts and 
which is sent to anyone in the 
motor industry on request. 

The latest issue of the 
register includes 54 general 
and senior managers. 62 ser- 
vice managers, engineers and 
technicians. 18 sales execu- 
tives and managers, nine parts 
managers and nine insurance 

They cover most age ranges 
and live and work in all parts 
of the country, as well as 
overseas. Many have wide 
experience. One man of 51 has 
20 years’ Rolls-Royce and 
Bentley saJes-and-service ex- 
perience and in his bid for “a 
responsible position" also lists 




coflega courses, 
manufacturers' courses 
or other agreed 
exempting qualifications 

Certificate Ol Ability 
or IMI Examinations 
or acceptatHe equivalents 
plus 3 years relevant 
industrial experience 

Certificate ot Management 
or IMI Examinations or 
acceptable equivalents 
plus 5 years relevant 
industrial experience 

Certificate of Higher 
Management plus 
5 years relevant 
experience as a 
Middle Manager 



Manufacturers' or other 
approved courses and 
minimum ol 6 years 
qualified experience 

Minimum of 5 years 
successful experience 
as a Middle Manager 
or Technical Specialist 
plus manufacturers' 
or other approved 

Minimum of 5 years 
successful experience 
as a Senior Manager 
or Senior Technical 

seven years' maintaining drill- 
ing rigs and installing irriga- 
tion and generator systems in 
the Middle EasL 

In contrast, a 22-year-old 
mechanic in the West Mid- 
lands and an associate mem- 
ber having passed the 
institute’s final examination, 
wants to branch out into sales. 
He saysT'Has no experience 
with field but is willing to 

For him. and everv other 
member of the iML the 
bedrock of their continued 
membership is the code of 

conduct, the latest version of 
which was adopted in 1981. Its 
12 points stress the need for a 
professional approach to the 
job. the customer, the employ- 
er. and colleagues and calls on 
members to “conduct them- 
selves in their employment 
with the integrity and skill 
expected of a professional 

Infringements of the code, 
says Mr Ward, are dealt with 
quickly and decisively. A dis- 
ciplinary’ committee with a 
nominated chairman can be 
called together rapidly to 
study any case of serious 

complaint against a member. 
He or she is given notice of the 
decision and 21 days in which 
to respond, although there is 
no formal appeals procedure. 

Code of conduct is 
critical to IMI 

“The code is the critical 
thing.'* he adds. "We are here 
to set and uphold standards 
and we cannot stand up and 
claim that our members are 
bener than most of the public 
believes if it is a false message. 
This matters deeply to all 

members and they do jealous- 
ly police their own standards." 

Last year the institute struck 
off two of its members for 
“ringing**, in which a crashed 
car was substituted by a stolen 
one. But such events are rare. 

A relatively minor infringe- 
ment normally attracts repri- 
mand, but none was issued 
last year — a reflection not 
only of the standards of 
members, but also perhaps of 
most motorists* lack of aware- 
ness of the institute's exis- 


1 1 

The drive is on to 
improve the name 
in Industry Year 

For rather more than 12. 
months, a campaign to im- 

* prove the motor car industry’s 
reputation — emphasizing its 
positive achievements — has 
been progressing, supported 
by key motoring and industry 
organizations. During Indus- 
try Year it is being stepped up. 

Nine different bodies have 

> been involved, all represent- 

, ing some aspect of the indus- 

' try. The Society of Motor 

, Manufacturers and Traders 

* (SMMT) has played a leading 

For some it has demonstrat- 
ed how such a diversity of 
organizations can be welded 
together for a particular cam- 
paign. For others it has shown 
a chink in the industry's 

. armour there is no single 
body which directly represents 

- every angle aspect ^of the: 

One of the supporting bod- 
ies in the campaign is the 
Institute of the Motor Indus- 

* fry (IMI ). While organizations 
like the trade associations 

- represent their own particular 
sectoral interests, the institute 

* speaks with a more indepen- 

. dent voice. 

Because it draws its mem- 
bership from every area of the 
industry it tends to mirror, 
perhaps more than any other 
of the industry's organiza- 
tions, the opinions and atti- 
tudes of die whole sector. 

The question is not so much 
whether the industry needs 
such an independent voice but 

Support from 
trade bodies 

bow far, given the institute 
speaks for individuals and not 
corporate entities like the 
companies, the institute can 
match up to the role. 

Roy Ward, IMI director- 
general. maintains that trade 
associations suds as SMMT, 
Motor Agents Association 
(MAA) and British Vehicle 
Builders and Repairers Asso- 
ciation (BVBRA) should fight 
their comer on behalf of their 
specific group of corporate 

He says: “What makes the 
institute unique is being able 
to take a more overall ap- 
proach. It is right and proper 
we take a view, for instance, 
where employment in the 
industry is affected." 

Another prime example, he 
believes, is the question of 
August registration changes 
for motor vehicles. The insti- 
tute wants that done away 
with, with no formal annual 
change. . 

Thai would avoid artificial 
peaks and troughs in demand 
which, if they get out of hand, 
can have an impact at factory 
and retailleveL 
It would still be easy for the 
manufacturers, by bringing in 
even small modifications, to 
distinguish one year's car 
model from another, Mr Ward 
argues. Not everybody in the 
industry agrees with this. 

A major controversy has 
emerged about the possibility 
of introducing a form of, 
licensing in the industry to 
bring to heel garages, especial- 
ly those selling used cars, 
which do not toe the line on 
ihe MAA’s code of conduct. 

The trade is still threatened 
with this by Sir Gordon - 
Bome. director general of the 
Office of Fair Trading, unless 
“cowboy** operators are con- 

In another controversy over 
whether garages linked w 
grocery outlets should be al- 
lowed to sell alcoholic dnnks, 
the instnuie’s weight is un- 
equivocally behind those in 
the industry arguing, against 
any restrictions being im- 
posed. according to Mr Ward. 

Employers for their part are 
all too likely to ask how far 
they may be paying for train- 
ing somebody who then, given 
no safeguards, may be 
poached by another company. 

The institute nevertheless 
garners support from the vari- 
ous trade organizations not 
only -where opinions on key 
issues converge but because so 
many leading members of 
these organizations are indi- 
vidual members of the insti- 

Michael Feather, SMMT 
deputy director, sees a strong 
role for the institute particu- 
larly in the setting of educa- 
tional standards in the 

“That is the role it has bee® 
known for in the past. Now 
there are indications it may 
wish to change that. One of the 
problems of a wider role is 
that the institute is made up of 
individuals who are members, 
hence, getting the right brief- 
ing to make sure how industry 
as a whole feels on a specific 

He admits there is no 
central forum where the vari- 
ous organizations in the in- 
dustry consistently establish 
overall policies, but ad hoc 
meetings held regularly to 
exchange ideas discuss “burn- 
ing issues the bodies involved 
do compare notes even if they 
do not always agree on”. 

Many senior members of 
the industry are institute 

One seal of approval won by 
the institute has been its 
selection by the Engineering 
Council as a qualifying body 
for technician engineers and 
engineering technicians in the 
motor industry. 

It is likely to lead to a 
strengthening of the institute's 
role in this area. Discussions 
with one other institutional 
body in the sector to achieve a 
closer relationship, with the 
IMI playing the qualification 
role for the other's members, 
are already in progress. 

Mr Ward has his reserva- 
tions about the Engineering 
Council: “It gives me some 
concern that the council has to 
_ for company support to 
ind cash to help fund its 

But as a qualifying body the 
institute win wield increasing 
power in training and educa- 
tion. It should help its efforts 
to set up a College of the 
Motor Industry in the style of 
the Open University. 

Ken Vincent, chairman of 
the IMI council, says training 
must be increased as the only 
hope of keeping abreast of the 


The institute has 
increasing power 

new techniques and technol- 
ogy in the motor industry. 

“The motor industry is 
seeking to improve its image 
but this can only be realized 
when those within the indus- 
try show that they are proud to 
belong to il" 

Geariy the institute is mak- 
ing a greater impact as one of 
the leading organizations in 
the indusuy. It has to prove 
how loud it can make its clear, 
unequivocal voice on issues 
calling for an independent 

It is . also has the great 
chance of playing a seminal 
role for ideas which might not 
find a ready acceptance in a 
more restricted forum. 

One prospect Mr Ward 
forsees is for district centres at 
the edg e of towns which would 
be motor-based rather than, as 
at present, clustered round a 
superstore or D1Y centre. 

Derek Harris 

. Industrial Editor 



When we set out to create the new 
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FROM £-4,995 TO £7,395 

;."=-€T* - T TC? :*uC*A’Opai.%- -.r : i «*.». 
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flo fc 

The i 

r_,a betwe 

P u t Done 
a^r and C 
off i Mrs F - 

m m 


White-hot perfomiancef rom the 1 .3 litre turbo-chargedengine:n-60 mph 
in 9.9 seconds*; top speed 112 mph'*; glass sun-mof: nr»w with special 
all-white colour-keyed body including alloy wheels, minor backs, grille, 
spoilers and body mouldings. £6. 799! 


Va I ue- for-money motoring has never looked so grx>d. The stylish new 
Maestro interiors — including brand new fascia - are better equipped 
than ever before, 'flie 5-door City includes: fully reclining front seats; 
folding rear seat with parcel shelf; push-button radio; heated rear 
wind* w. The frugal 1.5 litre engine delivers 50.8 mpg at a steady 56 mph. 
All this for an amazing £5 . 148! 


Practical style at an affordable price! engine; 5-speed gearbox: 
central locking; electric from windows; electronic 3-band steteo radio/ 
cassette with tour speakers and fader control; burr walnut door - 
cappings; box velvet interior trim set; tinted glass. Move up to it - at oniv 





_ win. 

™V miUk 
* or crisis 
P? as rai 

o f n 

Pf usabl 
6 “ grour 
f. w recha 
** spars 
and fi 
lhi trial, 
ofl snppl 
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For the executive mi the move -offers all the benefits <>! a 5-speed 
gearbox, plus superb interior with fmir-sjx:;tker nidio/stcreo ue. 
6(1/40 split (biding rear seals: remote control hunt release. And onh 



A new level in refinements for the discerning driver. Central locking; 
electric fn mi windows; remote con tn >1 fuel filler cap relejise: 3-band 
electronic stereo radio/cassette player with four speakers and litder 
coin ml: electric heated dixir mirrors; siiding/tilting steel sunnxif; bron/e- 
timed glass: box velvet interior trim set. including cUxa* casings and 
wood inserts: 60/40 split folding rear seal; 1.6 or 2.0 litre engine options. 
And the 1.6 model costs onlv £8349! 

* * : 



Sit in the lap of luxury in the front and let the Montego Mayfair Estate 
take the load in the back. A colossal 57.2 cubic feet!* Boasts all the 
May fair refinements of the sakxm, with optional integral roofruck, 
and foldaway rear-faring child seaw. The muscular 2 litre May fair Estate 
cv»ls £9.598, and the Montego Estate range starts at £7 .199! 


• • \ 






Fresh excitement fora great British legend... The 1986 Tuibo has a new 
•ill-white exterior, inc luding its grille, alloy wheels and spoilers. 

Ihe turiio-churged 2.0 litre engine produces an ania/iiig 150 BHP. 
(MiO mph in 7.3 seconds*; central locking; electric from and tear 
windows; power steering; 3-iiand elect mil ic ICE and auto ltveiv 

Austin Rover ’86. Mini, Metro, Maestro, • 
Montego. Better value than ever before - on 

each model in this unrivalled all-British range. 

Better than ever! 

Ever-developing Austin Rover technology 
means superbperformance,greatereffidency, 
more comfort. 

Cars that have outstanding quality and 
greater reliability because they’re better made - 
right across the range. 

Better specifications! 

Check the exciting new feat ures... And 
here's important news - Metro, Maestro and 

Montego now have special Mayfair r wsions for 
1986 - setting new standards in luxurious 

Better all round! ) ; 

The innovations, the design features, the 
new ideas that make driving more relaxed, 
the relentless search for improvements. the 
total commitment to customer sei vic e, 6 fir of 
tiie best first year wanantx packages amilabk 

It all adds up to this: venire beiterofl wiili 
Austin Rt »ver - the only iangeof &nily 

cars designed and built in Britain. 


y - ■ ■ ; : * v 


Why the IMI 
wants its 
own college 




> -or, . . 

_ /■ 'r 
K v*?>. v * 


TJe culmination of the efforts 
or the Institute or the Motor 
industry could be the fiilfft- 

? 1 ^i l i^ f,lS f d T am IO establish 
a college of the motor indus- 
iry. a project that seems to be 
attracting great approval - 
Dut not vast amounts of 

money - from most sectors of 

the trade. 

J2* ^an is to begin the 
building of the college proba- 
bly within the next five years 
to cater for senior manage- 
ment training throughout the 
entire motor industry. 

Already, manufacturers, 
dealers, oil companies and 

fwu£n! ,ave J >l, S l8 ? d ab01 “ 

t oU.UOO towards the institute's 

■mtial f 1 00,000 target to cover 

the cost of a training manager 

and the development of the 

first courees. In the beginning, 

the institute’s Hertfordshire 

headquarters could be used as 

the college base and for fur-- 

thenng the principle, of open 

and distance learning. 

So .iar, the main vehicle 

mems. It would also be re- 
sponsible for issuing the 
institute's three certificates of 
ability, management and high- 
er management and keeping 
detailed records of all stu- 

Roy Ward says: "If the 
college was developed under 
the umbrella of the IMI it is 
believed that, with the proper 
funding, the whole concept 
could be fully established 
within three years." 

The college idea is central to 
the institute's long-term aim 
of raising the industry's stan- ■ 
dards, ridding its management 
and technical executives of the 
Arthur Daley-type stigma that 
has dogged the trade since the 
birth of the motor car. 

Education and training 
schemes abound in the motor 
trade, covering almost every 
type of worker, from mechai>- 
ic to managing director, but 
die IMI recognizes that the 
quality of material and stan- 
dards vary considerably. 

At present, the system is too long — with 
60 to SQ hoars of teacher-student contact 

manufacturers have not com- 
mitted themselves to the col- 
lege idea: most of them 
operate their own training 
establishments and, according 
to the IMI education and 
training manager, Dennis 
Johnson, the scheme is seen as 
a threat to the in-house train- 
ing system. 

“But," he says, "the big 
companies like Ford and Aus- 
tin Rover run management 
training on a product-related 
basis, whereas our college 
would be based on neutral 

If four of the big companies 
would recognize the advan- 
tage of a college of the motor 
industry, says Mr Johnson, 
and donate £500.000 - "not 
much when you consider what 
they spend on other 
ventures" — then the institute 
would be well on the way to 
establishing a £3 million 
“bricks and mortar" college. 

The role of the college as 
perceived by the institute 
would be to establish the 
standards required for certifi- 
cation across the whole motor 
trade and related, disciplines 
and authorize tte appro 1 
ttiursfesahtf irainsfc establi 

At present, training is of- 
fered by institutions such as 
City & Guilds, colleges of 
further education, skills train- 
ing centres, the Business and 
Technician Education Coun- 
cil and the -Road Transport 
Industry Training Board, as 
well as manufacturers and 
private companies and the 
institute itself. 

Mr Ward remarks: “Profit 
margins are slim. Employers 
therefore have to be con- 
vinced of the value of training 
before they can be persuaded 
to invest in it. When they do 
they expect staff to be away . 
from their place of work for 
the minimum time. 

“It is generally agreed in the 
industry that training time — 
the old apprentice concept — 
must be replaced by training 
to a standard, but no industry- 
wide standards have yet been 

In the past, the industry has 
tended to pigeon-hole its 
workers and while there has 
been an awareness drat the 
vehicle mechanic needs to be 
properly trained, few demands 
have been made of the car 
salesman except to "move the 
metal". ? 


Dennis Johnson, IMI education and training officer Some 
see the scheme as a threat to in-house teaching 


Programmed for progress. 

Motor Trade Division, GSi (UK) Ltd., 
Stanhope Road, Camberley, Surrey GU15 3PS. 
Telephone: 0276-62282. 

The future success of ga- 
rages. says the institute, will be 
dependent upon all the disci- 
plines -and the IMI recog- 
nizes - 27 among its 
membership — working far 
more closely together. 

“Indeed, a failure to train 
salesmen in their responsibil- 
ities towards the whole busi- 
ness, so that both customers 
and cars stay with their garage 
• for as much of their life as 
possible, could lead to the 
failure of the business and 
thus have a detrimental effect 
on the employment of all 
members," said Mr Ward. 

In particular, the institute 
wants training in the industry 
to be continuous, so that 
today's mechanic can, if he 
shows sufficient ambition, be- 
come tomorrow's sales engi- 
neer or manager. 

The trouble wiih existing 
training concepts, which ap- 
plies as much to other indus- 
tries as h does to the retail 
motor trade, : is that they allow 
for training for a full , career 
only during the first few years 
in a profession. According to 
the institute: “In many cases 
this leads to limited ability as 
a craftsman and does little to 
improve management ability, 
since by the time managerial 
appointments take place 
much that has been learned 
has been forgotten or 

To modernise and update 
its training systems, the IMI is 
currently replacing its rela- 
tively restrictive examination 
syllabuses with a new and 

more flexible system of modu- 
lar training which it hopes will 
be frilly in place in colleges by 
the start of the 1987 academic 

At present, more than 140 
technical and further educa- 
tion colleges offer courses for 
the final section of the IMTs 
examinations, and 23 run 
diploma or degree courses in 
automobile engineering. Now. 
seven colleges are piloting the 
core modules of management 
finance and legislation under 
the new system. 

With the present exam sys- 
tem, says Mr Johnson, the 
syllabus is too long — with 60- 
80 hours of teacher-student 
contact The modules allow 
for only 24 hours tuition, 
allowing attendance at eve- 
ning classes for one evening a 
week for one term and leaving 
the student more time for 
study in his own time accord- 
ing to bis ability. 

“Bui we can change things 
much more rapidly wih mod- 
ular training and react to 
changes that affect the indus- 
try such as new legislation. It 
is also a more suitable system 
for distance learning." 

Mr Johnson has other mod- 
ules covering after sales mar- 
keting and promotion and 
vehicle body repairs ready to 
issue and is working on mod- 
ules for reception manage- 
ment, administration and 
organization for service, parts 
and body shop managers, all 
modified to cope with differ- 
ent requirements. 


Ernest Smith is _ 
director of ihe Nations. 
Breakdown Recovery Club 
based ai Oeckheaton near 
Bradford, in Yorkshire, where 
the club has an operations 
room coordinating a nation- 
wide service, which according 
to Mr Smith could show a 
thing or two to his two much 
bigger rivals, the Automobile 
Association {AA) and the 
Royal Automobile Club 

It is. says Mr Smith, the 
most advanced control centre 
in western Europe. But he also 
says h has to be matched by 
quality people which is where 
he sees potentially a key role 
for the Institute of the Motor 
Industry as it flexes its mus- 
cles to take more of a leading 
role in the industry. 

Mr Smith has a strong 
personal commitment to the 
institute. He was an appren- 
tice trained motor mechanic 
and went through an insti- 
tute's course. He said: “The 
motor industry can be insular. 

I myself have a passion for the 
industry, for its products — 
especially old cars. That insti- 
tute course was an eye-opener 
to me at that lime. It broad- 
ened the mental horizon, 
demonstrating there are other 
considerations in the worid 
than just those of immediate 
moment in the part of the 
industry in which you are 

Mr Smith went on to found 
the NBRC in 1971 and has 
since seen National Car Paries, 
another private company, 
take a controlling stake while 
leaving him to head the dub 
operation. At first it provided 
a recovery service which com- 
plemented the AA and RAC 
services but now the two 
senior organisations compete 
fully in offering a wide range 
of services to the motorist 
including recovery. 

Recovery of broken down 
cars with transport to a desti- 
nation for those tra veiling in 
them is now commonplace. 
Even a breakdown at home 
will be tackled. 
Computerisation techniques 
are being harnessed to make 
the motorist's lot an even 
easier one. NBRC differs from 
the AA and RAC — they run 
their own networks — in 
having a wide spread of 
garages which are franchised 
to carry out recovery and 
roadside repairs. The stan- 
dards are pitched high, says 
Mr Smith, because today's 

Where the AA and RAC drive in tandem 

Britain’s two leading motoring organizations, 
the Automobile Association (AA) and the 
Royal Automobile Club (RAO. are both 
enthusiastic supporters of the Institute or the 
Motor Industry. 

Jeffrey Rose, the RAC’s chairman who is 
himself an IMI member, said: “It is an 
objective of both the RAC and the IMI to 
promote high standards of service by the motor 
trade in sales, servicing and repairs of cars and 
motorcycles for the benefit of Britain's 28 
million drivers." 

Mr Rose sees the IMI as "a vigorous and 
progressive organization which continually 
strives to encourage and maintain close liaison 
with all sections of the motor industry «»»d to 
educate the public to take full advan tag e of the 
many services offered by hs members." 

To support this activity, some senior RAC 
executives had joined the IMI A common 
objective or both the RAC and the IMI was to 
help the motoring public to be aware of various 
garage-approval schemes which indicate where 
drivers can expect to obtain efficient service 
and fair treatment from motor traders of high 

The RAC dealt with well over a million 
breakdowns during last yean 40 per cent of 
them caused by electrical and ignitition 
problems. Another 16 per cent arose from 
ensgw* faults and as much again were the wide 
variety of miscellaneous items that still bedevil 

The RACs recovery' service is heavily used. 

Between January and August last year it . 

more than 73.000 vehicle recoveries and its fr 
recovery fleet in that period covered 7.7 mill km .i 
miles. p 

To improve the RACs efficiency in dealing fl 
with motorist’s breakdown problems, £6 jj 
million has just been spent on installing new ? 
systems and equipment. 

Olaf Lambert, director-general of the AA, ’ 
has long been a member of the IMI. He said: "l- 
“If anything, the IMI has been underselling “| 
itself over the years. I am glad that vigorous ". 
steps have been taken to correct this. 

Good service to the public whether in i. 
m a king a car or servicing it stents from t 
efficiency and pride. The IMI was now striving 't 
for both in its efforts including better 
qualifications and professionalism, said Mr ” 
Lambert. “> 

He added: “The AA has always enjoyed thi - 
closest retaionship with all sections of tin 
industry. We would like to see nothing mort J 

than success stamped all over its products ant )j 

endeavours in this position as a vital part of thi 
economy ” 

motorist rightly expects a high 

standard of service. 

The dub looks after some 
half million-motorists. rather 
more than half being private 
motorists and the rest con- 
nected with companies. About 

1 A . e . 1 . % m ■ 

manded all round, the IMI has 
a crucial role to play. He said: 
"Here you have an industry 
going through a period of 
enormous change. 1 think the 
IMI should be setting the 
standards for the direction in 
which the industry should be 
changing. Standards have got 
to improve and everything is 
being done to achieve this - 
bui you cannot beat a good 
professional body to secure 
such improvements.” 

Basic standards for manage- 
ment skills were needed, he 
said. Anybody with an indus- 
try background deciding to set 
up their own garage should be 
obliged to do so under the 
umbrella of accepted stan- 
dards. he maintained. That 
points to standards being set 
either by the Motor Agents 
Association or those in the 
industry as individuals oper- 
ating through the IMI. 

Mr Smith added: “The mo- 
tor industry is rapidly reach- 
ing the stage where because of 
its complexity there will have 
to be some form of qualifica- 
tion to run a garage." 

There was already a 
precedent on the commercial 
transport sector where a trans- 
port manager who needed a 
certificate of professional 
competence for running a 
garage could naturaliv be ad- 
ministered by the IMf with its 
background on management 

The A A. which now hag almost six nriOioi 1 
members, for its latest innovation is njuippiq t- 
its patrol fleet with kits of vehicle parts that an 
most in demand to keeping vehicles going aftei ' 
they have broken-down. f- 

The parts kit, the result of coashferabk •- 
research, should be able to meet demands of 91 ~i 
per cent of breakdowns. -i 


were not so much repaired by 
mechanics any longer but had 
entire new assemblies bolted 
on by fitters. But there were 
congenial reception areas for 
the motorist and he or she 
could expen to get a car back 
not only operational but clean. 

If the IMI is to seize its 
opportunities it needs to be- 
come better known, according 

to Mr Smith. He said: “I think ;l 
the Institute has to tell tbe~i 
public that there is such a-l 
body there - a professional jj 
body that does insist on, 
standards at a time when the*^ 
industry is under attack." m 
Standards in the industry , 
should always be under re- i 
view, he added. i 

- tr WM Iiinua 

30 per cent of the club’s trade courses, he suggested, 
is in offering services to Mr Smith added: “One of 
commercial vehicle users, the problems is that the 
NBRC claims to be the biggest motorist is always ready to 
operator in the commerical have his job done cheaper 
vehicles field for recovery without thinking of the stan- 
work. dards involved. It leaves him 

Mr Smith believes that as wide open to any form of 
the motor industry goes commercial abuse. As always 

through one of the biggest 
shake-ups in its history, with 
bigher standards being de- 

you get what you pay for." 

But standards have risen 
enormously, he believes. Cars 

All the very best 
to the I.M.I. 

From the very best 



You don't get the lumfc 

share unless You're good 

A full range of highly 
competitive Mechanical Breakdown 
Insurance policies underwritten at . 
Lloyds of London. 

National Warranties 

Amdale House, Otley Road, HeadmgJey, Leeds LS62UU. 
Telephone: (0532) 744766. Telwc 557609 Abacus 

- and British Car Auctions, withiourteen vehicle auction 
centres m the United Kingdom and twelve in the United 
States, is undoubtedly the largest and mosi successtul auction 
organisation in the world 

Behind the successiul BCA lion lsiorty yeorsol auction 
expenence vehicles ot every conceivable type . cars 
light vans, heavycornmercialsandplanland equipment 
all auctioned with the same efficiency and expertise thal s 
synonymous with the BCA service Indeed at BCAs latest - and 

the world s largest auction centre at Blackbushe airport, all the . 
traditional BCA qualities plus up-io-the-nunute slate ol Ihe art 
technology' are very much m evidence to benent the customers.' 

Besides regular auctions many BCA centres regularly hold 
Union Jack auctions Fleet auctions Manuiacturersauctions 
Late year low mileage auctions Top Car auctions. 

Agnculturu 1/Tractor auction; - but common to all ol them is 
Bl A s proud boast fhai doth buyers and sellers invanabiy 
receive a great deal at BCA. 

• “/'-v • .. ■ "V- ' ■ ■„ 

RnHUIAWINB and auction datef*.^ 6 uniCJlJe ^ A *• - h -»3CAc*?r.lres 


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Telephone (04287 7440 Telex 8551-51 r =7SCT.He 041 r" 4s - 1 



THE 1986 

I i%XO v** v >^r : V- ".v. . :•:« :>r.i i*:?\i >•?**&#*£: v T vtf ^s&rfiVv-* /TY-Ti 

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*fvv.-' ;.. 

p/im-t VJnaf 

We have to 

Cars? Car of the Yea r As/3'd 

for the Saab 9000 h r co Jo 

didn’t come as a complete sur- 

prise. (Nor i was the D:recio r s’ * 

Car of the Year Aware; 

How do we exp' an 

confidence ? 

Apart from our own fa, id -r, 

Eiill Mr I 

e\'i i and • 

en li J he 

° f * ESS 

Pj 0t Clot 

Mpi daug 

lh<n: Corn 

, ana ‘ 
Ceal The 
cajir betw 
coiO Mr j 
crfO and. 

war ?f d ‘ 

ned Mrs 


& 2 * 1 &S& 

our new model the motor no 

press had aireadv been more 

l nan generous ;n ns praise 

throughout the year 

The Times 11-55 sweeping: 

9 u* 

One of the ouistardng cars 

of the decade.' 

Dt* Oxlc 
blc s Mart 
j,. shire. 

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p,-.v The • 

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fleic isc. •« 
Gr*J Mrs .- 
mi Surre 
ih:» MrJV 
fl 0 t and !\ 
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P u i Done 
a £» and C 

offi Mrs } 

of > ■ 


Ba J 

bo ■ _ ; 

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2 °- coast 
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I4ft//e Car Magas, ne was 



more specific : 0 ^ 


. . . a real stormgr. hitting 100 . 


mph in a shade over 20 secs ... - 



extremely sporty. . . superb ergo- 


nomics . . . first class controls = 


. . . delightful responsiveness.' > 

Meanwhile. Motor made it " 

//?e//" Best Executive Car.' 

Their verdict stated: 2 



The 9000 is an excitingly c 

> = 

uncompromising product, with n ;s 


a distinctive character that sets ■ = * • 

n i 

r ^ 

// apart from run-ofthe-miH 


BMfZs and Mercedes.' \ s 


Fmd out what made the I 
9000 the Car of the Year for 
yourself by calling us now for 


further information and/or 3 « 


/es/ (^we 0/7 (t?272; 27777/ 


*9000 TURBO 1 

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eart h COME 



(Jtpjj) up l\SJ> 



Playing a vital role 
in briefing members 

With 21.000 members in 65 
branches three as far away 
as Hong Kong, Singapore and 
Zimbabwe - and dealing with 

*4 an industry which depends for 

i!5 livelihood on the constant- 
ly changing demands of a 
sophisticated group of cus- 
tomers as well as having to 
keep pace with changing inter- 
national rules and regulations, 
the institute has developed a 
system for keeping in firm 
touch with its members which 
in turn keeps its members in 
close contact with “head 

Amanda Evans, who is 
responsible for liaison be- Amanda Evans? Liaison 
tween the regional centres and between regions and 
the director general's staff . . 

said: “Our members can let us e *** rector gc** CT *l 

J52 ' b P and trainin S »»ve been among 

** should be doing for the main issues recently. 

“There is no such thing as a 
lie sy ^ era ** lows typical regional centre," said 

, H n ,?™«nii^ “ E ^ ng0n Miss Evan * “Each centre has 

its ovvn character and the 
issues r »i» °ftcn reflea 
SLSSZJEL*** te,p mth lhe coocems of the local 
lf necessar y officers. Education and irain- 
. v ingin the centre is chaired by a 

C !L re ® , °H a Cen ^ e *!“ niember from one of the local 
own committee and elected colleges, 

officers, who are left to nin the “i t does not necessarily 
day-to-day business and m- follow, either, that just be- 
mze the activities of the cause a centre is in an area 
regons to reflect die needs where there are large man ufao 
and interests of the member- turing plants the membership 
ship as well as to follow the will all be from that side of the 
institute s policy decisions. industry.” 

The minutes of each region- — 

al centre's monthly committee i • r 

meeting are sent to Miss Important^© brief 
Evans, who can find out from regions OH industry 

them how the head office staff 

% can provide support. By fol- The regional centres also 
lowing such a system the staff organize inter-centre meet- 
can also monitor the type of ings, social events and visits to. 

tute policy — but also a quick 
way of bringing members up < 
to dale with any legislation 
which could affect them. 

Roy Ward said; “It is 
gratifying to see how members 
are responding to a request for 
improved communications.” 

Mr Ward's view is that the 
image of the industry is creat- 
ed by those who work in it. He 
agrees with suggestions that 
motorists would prefer to deal 
with a garage whose mechan- 
ics were institute members. 

He adds: “To achieve this, 
we must ensure that we never 
look on our organization as 
some sort of small exclusive 
dub. Our exclusivity is creat- 
ed by our professionalism. To 
be truly professional we need 
all those who operate to our 
standards and believe in the 
customer's right to receive 
nothing but the best when 
dealing with this great indus- 
try to join us. 

"We must all aggressively 
seek out and recruit these 
people and fire them with our 
enthusiasm. Only when our 
customers see evidence of our 
presence in every high street 
will they develop the confi- 
dence in is that what we all 



Remember the 1960s Lennon- 
McCanney song about a dis- 
traught couple finding their 
daughter had run off during 
the night? What made it even 
worse for them was that she 
had gone with “a man from 
the motor trade." 

The moLor industry' has 
suffered from that type of 
reputation far too long* and 
the Institute of the Motor 
Industry is the first to admit 
that it is the industry itself 
which is largely to blame. 

For. while the institute rep- 
resents all sectors of the 
industry, the retail, or trade, 
side of the business which 
comes into contact with the 
public is where the image is 
often tarnished. 

Roy Ward said: “There can 
never have been a more 
important time for those 
members of the industry who 
operate to the highest stan- 
dards to identify themselves 
to the public. 

“For too long the perceived 
image has been a false one. We 
must accept much of the 
blame for this, for we have 
been all too prepared to hide 
our lights, making it too easy 
for the cowboy. We have to 
identify' ourselves to our cus- 

Tom Davies: "There is a shortage of qualified people 

lomers as the people they can managers of companies oper- 
trust to give them a fair deal, which gives details of mem- 
“In return the customer bers looking for jobs and is 
must know th3t it our mem- circulated to the personnel 
bers do not meet our high ating in the industry, 
standards they will be re- He said:“There is a shortage 

moved from membership. If of qualified people in the 
we are to promote ourselves as industry and of those on our 
true professionals we must be register’ few will be unem- 
prepared to put our repula- ployed. Most are looking for 
tioos on the line, because only u - - ■ — 

by being totally accountable _ _____________ ___ ____ 

for our actions can we hope to j ^ 

be seen as a credible ■ £ 

organization.” a ffi&M * 

The institute's ultimate ai m 
is that membership should be Kt 
a condition of working in the M dr B 1 

industry. Ujp Fxtendfii 

Tom Davies, the institute s jlaicuuct 

secretary and membership 

secretary, said: “What we TATQTTW H 

should aim for is that to get “ £2 

any ‘worthwhile' job in the 
industry membership should 

^FroiTMhf 'institutf's head- 

quarters Mr Davies now oper- Station Tower, Station Squai 
ates a job placement register ———————— 

jobs with promotion 
prospects. " 

The register is also used by 
the institute's student mem- 
bership and one large motor 
manufacturer is now using the 
register almost exclusively for 
its recruitment. 

Those on the current regis- 
ter range from a member 
currently in charge of a com- 
pany with a £7 million turn- 
over to a 16- year-old student 
member hoping to take the 
first step towards a career in 
the industry. 

The institute is now plan- 
ning to extend the system so 
that each regional centre will 
receive a detailed list of 
members looking for employ- 
ment in their areas and ulti- 
mately hopes to have a service 
where potential employers ran 
call up the institute, give 
details of the vacancies they 
have, and be provided with an 

vantage for employers is that 
anyone on our register has 
already gone through, or is 
going through, training and 
has met the standards laid 
down foe membership. They 
can save lime by being pui in 
touch with the people best 
qualified for the vacancies 
they have.” 

The institute has to tread 
carefully between acting as a 
commercial recruitment bu- 
reau and a professional orga- 
nization. but accepts that it 
has to adopt a high profile if it 
is to spread its message to 
consumers that they will be 
best served by dealing with a 
company which employs insti- 
tute members. 

Mr Davies said: “The best 
safeguard a member of the 
public can have is the knowl- 
edge that the people he is 
dealing with are institute 
members. We have a code of 

instant printout of suitably conduct that we enforce.” 
qualified members. y 

Mr Davies said: “The ad- ** 1 

The Great name behind the Best 
Extended Warranties in the Motor Industry. 


Lumley Warranty Services Ltd., 

Station Tower, Station Square, Coventy CV1 2GR Tel: 0203 355411 

issues being raised by the 
membership and provide 

By providing administra- 
tive back-up where necessary 
the institute can also breathe 
new life into a regional centre 
where membership has been 
falling. In one case a regional 
office having difficulty in 
finding enough members to 
fill the voluntary jobs was 
quickly transformed into one 
where' monthly attendances 
have risen to an average of 70 
people, many of whom travel 
from a wide area to attend. 

Topics for discussion at 
monthly meetings also reflect 
the widespread nature of the 
institute's membership — re- 

industry training centres, 
where members can learn how 
to apply techniques and prac- 
tices from one sector of the 
industry to their own particu- 
lar jobs. 

Because the institute repre- 
sents the individual and not 
the company, it also plays a 
vital role in briefing members 
on matters that affect the 
individual, such as pensions 
and the new modular training 
scheme now affecting the in- 
dustry generally. 

At national level the main 
link between the institute and 
its members is its monthly 
magazine and in this area the 
institute’s staff have been 
successful in making sure that' 

gienal centres in the coming their monthly publication can 
months will be holding discus- stand out among the highly 
sions on topics as- diverse as professional array of motoring 
Molecular Welding Repair magazines produced in this 
Technique. Vehicle Problems country. 

From Atmospheric Pollution Motor Industry Manage- 
— ■■■ ' ■ — — menu produced each month 

Social gatherings . a fnrall team at the 
- , r ,« b . institutes headquarters, has in 

Stimulate leeaoaCK the past two years been trans- 
r - • formed from a rather staid 
and Electrical Wheel Align- publication to a magazine that 
menL The social side is not reflects the high standards of 
ignored and one branch will be design and the glamour (no, 
moving slightly off the subject qqi the tyre company calendar 
of the motor industry to glamour) of the motor indus- 
discuss Federation Breweries try. 

And The Brewing Process. The magazine also provides 
It is through such technical g platform for the director 
and social meetings that the general to put forward the 
institute's membership feed to institute's latest ihinking — 
head office lhar views on and a platform where mem- 
industry issues. Such matters bers can, and often do, voice 
as low-lead petrol, education their disagreement with insti- 

ecome optional e 
>ur rear seat belts 

On January 31st 1983 the wearing of front 
seat belts became law. 

It saved the lives of countless people who 

were lucky enough to be in the front seats. 

Alas, the law didn’t apply to back seats. 

By the end of that year 1,300 children, most 
of them travelling in the bad, had been killed or 
seriously injured inside cars. 

In spite of this, almost all the leading car 

manufacturers still classify rear seat belts as 
extras on cars costing less than £8,000. (In other 
words, cars most likely to be carrying families.) 

At Volkswagen if something makes a car 
safer we don’t call it an extra. And we don’t 
charge extra for it. 

All Volkswagen s, regardless of price, come 
with rear seat belts. As standard. 

All four door Volkswagens are fitted with 

child proof locks. As standard. 

And all Volkswagens have self-stabilising 
steering to help keep the car in a straight line 
during a blow-out or an emergency stop. This 
too is standard. 

All Volkswagens, however, do not come with 

# rally seats or leather steering wheels. 
These are our extras. 

It's your option. 






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Garages change gear 
for a better service 

The moiorisi must learn to 
love, or at an\ rate live with, 
garages and their services. The 
retail trade in the motor 
business has many facets con- 
stantly showing’ signs of 
change, ihc latest phenome- 
non being petrol and car 
accessory outlets selling gro- 
ceries. newspapers and maga- 
zines. running video libraries 
and even, controversially, sell- 
ing alcoholic drinks to take 

About 16 million cars are 
being driven around Britain 
by 25 million holders of 
d’nv ing licences. Sixty per cent 
of UK households run one car 
and 15 per cent more than 
one. The average household 
makes 40 journeys of more 
than one mile every week of 
the year and in 1984'spent £23 
a week on its transport needs. 

Ii all adds up to a lot of car 
sales and servicing — al- 
though. in recent years, longer 
sen- icing intervals introduced 
for cars have been a crucial 
factor in bringing tougher 
times lo garages. 

There are now about 24.000 
car dealers and garages in 
Britain, of which 7.000 are 
franchised dealers. These are 
the garages appointed by car 
manufacturers as sole repre- 
sentatives in their areas, en- 
suring a back-up on spares and 
expertise so that a specialized 
sen ice for a particular 
marque can be given. The 
other 17.000 are repair ga- 

Because of the economic 
pressures on the motor trade 
there are fears in the industry 
that as many as 2.000 may go 
out of business this year, a 
decline of eight per cent 
The Institute of the Motor 
Industry, whose cardinal aim 
is to improve standards 
throughout the industry, from 
component manufacture and 
vehicle assembly to petrol and 
other sales, claims a consider- 
able penetration of the re ail 
sector, which accounts for 60 
to 7u per cent of institute 

More than a fifth of its 
membership of 21.000 arc 
middle managers and another 
1 1 per cent junior managers, 
with many at both levels 
thought to be in the retail 
sector. About a quarter of 
institute members are techni- 
cal staff, including mechanics 

and other specialists such as 
electricians. Another four per 
cent arc involved in retail 
sales. Three per cent deal with 
car pans and another 4.5 per 
cent - body repair work. 

It gives the institute a strong 
chance to bring its influence to 
bear on developments in the 
retail trade and on issues like 
the future of the franchise 
system, the flooding of the 
market with new cars by 
manufacturers dogged by 
overcapacity and. that long- 
standing problem, how to 
ensure acceptable standards 
throughout the used car trade. 

One of the difficulties in 
doing many of these things is 
that motor retail businesses 

Sir Gordon Borrie, 
director-general of 
Fair Trading: 
Looking to the motor 
trade to improve 
its performance 

vary so widely, from mam 
dealerships with hundreds of 
employees to the one-man 
operations that are often the 
friendly garage around the 
comer. The big dealers are 
being encouraged by the insti- 
tute to recruit line manage- 
ment qualified through the 
institute so that a career 
structure for the retail trade is 
based on institute member- 
ship. thus underpinning the 

trade with common stan- 

Roy Ward said: "We need 
qualified people throughout 
the retail trade. There is little 
profit margin in selling new 
ears. Garages will be profitable 
only if there is professionalism 
throughout an organization. 

“It means we have to have 
well-qualified motor sales- 
men. not only to sell the cars 
but to enhance the' total 
business by encouraging the 
car customers to continue 
their patronage for servicing 
and accessories and eventual- 
ly to come back again ' for 
another vehicle. 

“At one time businesses 
such as this could operate with 
several profit centres the ser- 
vicing department, car pans, 
new cars and used cars. Now it 
is important to look at the 
total company concept That 
means highly professional 
people at shop-floor level as 
well as highly professional 

Mr Ward sees a clear! v 
defined role for the franchise 
system. In the first years of a 
car's life, he believes, a cus- 
tomer needs the sort of service 
which a franchised dealer, 
with specialist training and 
ready availability of the cor- 
rect spares, can offer. 

But he accepts that there is a 
natural progression as a car 
ages for owners to move away 
from the franchised garage, 
often io the one-person opera- 
tion which may be cheaper 
because of lower overheads, in 
order to cope with the increas- 
ing incidence of repairs, espe- 
cially if some of them are only 
minor hiccups and failures. 

He continued: "What peo- 
ple have to be certain ofis that 
they will get things done to the 
right standard. There is some 
merit in classifying garages, 
identifying them as being able 
to carry out certain work. That 
can come down to the range of 
equipment they have, particu- 
larly in the body repair sector 
where the right sort of jigs and 
other specialist equipment is 
necessary to ensure a safe 

Like many others in the 
industry. Mr Ward feels pas- 
sionately about the so-called 
disorderly marketing which 
has been such a hallmark of 
the new car market over the 
past few years. With overca- 
pacity still afflicting the Euro- 
pean’ vehicle manufacturing 
industry, it may be under- 
standable that makers com- 
pete in cut-throat fashion but 
it is. says Mr Ward, no help at 
all to the cause. 

Jobn Egan of Jaguar: The company's training courses have been recognized by the IMI in its drive to improve standards in the industry 

"Competition is obviously 
necessary." he said. "The fair 

trading laws exist to ensure iL. 
But what about when it gets 
out of hand with dog eating 

"The truth is that though in 
the short term it may seem to 
be to the advantage of the 
customers, in the longer term 
it does not. in the present 
climate, operate in the best 
interests of either the custom- 
er or the market. What of the 
motorist who buys a particular 
make of car and then, because 
of the vicious nature of market 
conditions, those who would 
have seen that car continue 
usefully to the end of its life 
simply go out of business?” 

He considers that the only 
justification for selling on 
price alone is when a manu- 
facturer has an inadequate 
product range. “Bul~ he adds, 
"ail the makers now have 
products of which they can be 
really proud. We need to bring 
back those emotional factors 
which influence the car buyer, 
those elements of personal 
choice as a customer selects a 
vehicle which in some mea- 
sure reflects his or her own 
personality needs and per- 
ceived technical needs, wheth- 
er that be luxury and space or 
sportiness and pace.” 

He emphasized the dangers 
of buying cars in other Euro- 
pean countries because of 
their apparent cheapness com- 
pared with new car prices 
charged by the same maker in 
Britain. Buying a new car was 
not simply a matter of the 
initial price tag. he main- 
tained. There was also the 
question of whether the right 
level of pre-sale and after-sale 
services were available be- 
cause they, in the final analy- 
sis. were part of a package 
offered to the motorist by the 
fully professional garage. 

But how far can the institute 
tackle the problem of the used 
car trade? This, together with 
standards of servicing, has 
been one of the biggest beefs, 
particularly of the private 

Sir Gordon Borrie. director- 
general of fair trading, has 
called for codes of conduct to 
be brought in. Though this has 
been tried by organizations 
such as the Motor Agents 
Association (MAA). cowboy 
operators who flout the rules 
have made it difficult for 
MAA members to toe the line 
in ail respects. 

The last report by the Office 
of Fair Trading showed com- 

plaints about repairs and ser- 
vicing are still rising even 
though, as the report acknowl- 
edged. the industry’ has made a 
number of moves to improve 
garage services. 

More than a tenth of garage 
customers still had something 
to complain about after a 
garage visit, a survey found. 

Mr Ward maintained that 
there are many used-car sell- 
ing operations whose dealing 
is of a standard that would 
enable them to become insti- 

Car rental sector is 
highly professional 

the institute to license garages, 
but setting up a vetting system 
would not be simple. Stan- 
dards could be improved by 
professional means through 
the influence of an organiza- 
tion such as the institute. 

Mr Ward, added: “In feet, a 
lot of the people in this pan of 
the trade are better trained 
than the public gives them 
credit for. although that is not 
to say. of course, that we do 
not want to see more work to 
the best standards. But -the 
other thing we have to do is 
restore a professional pride in 
what they are doing among 
those involved in the trade." 

lute members. An increasing 
number of institute members 
is becoming involved in the 
used-car end of the trade 
because so many garages are 
becoming aware of its com- 
mercial potential 

He is against licensing, and 
particularly the negative form 
in which only those found to 
be breaking the rules would 
ha\c the otherwise universal 
licence removed. In his view, 
negative licensing still leaves 
room for the “cowboys” un- 
less they are all detected. 

One possibility would be for 

There was a danger that, ir 
the .Arthur Daley image stuck, 
too many in the trade might 
understandably question 
whether it was worth boibcr- 

in i^io. change, said Mr Ward. 

has little time for con- 
sumer organizations and oth- 
ers that put doctored cars 
through garages to test their 
efficiency. He said:. “There 
was bne’instance where a car. 
with 41 faults was pul 
through, quite deadpan.. Any 
normal motorist would have 
discussed the problems that 
had been noticed. Anybody 
with that number of "faults 

- suddenly cropping up 'would 
* have had something to say to 
the manufacturer to starr with. 
This sort of approach - is 
negative and dispiriting: - 

“If in the normal way of 
business a garage does not do 

its job properly then :ii de- 
serves every criticism and 
should be brought to book." 

A growing sector- of the 
retail side of the motor busi- 
ness is car rental, contract hire 
and leasing. This is~a highly 
professional business; calling 
for considerable sophistica- 
tion about buying new cars, 
their maintenance, costing 
over considerable periods of 
.time and assessing residual 
sale values at the end of 
contracts which; may run for 
two years or more. This is 
reflected in the considerable 
numbers of those, involved in 
this sector who are members 
of the institute. 

The institute foresees sub- 
stantial 1 growth yet In the 
reaming of garage outlets with 
convenience stores. 

Mr Ward said: . “Profession- 
ally successful managers in the 
motor trade can apply the 
same skills to other forms of 
retailing as is now being 

P " WA ' DH 

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How long is it since you looked under your bonnet? : 
It’s not like the old days is it? 

What with microchips, engine management computers 
and all the other high tech devices thatare commonplace 
today the Ford of the ’80s is far more advanced than it used 
to be. 

That’s worked wonders for its performance. And made 
it much more readable. 

But when it comes to service you obviously shouldn’t 

trust the job to any old Tom, Dick or Hany. 

These days it’s far. better left to the people who really 
understand the inner workings of the modem Ford. Your Ford 
dealers. Luckily thats not a problem, because there are so 
many of them. 

.They ve got technicians who've been properly trained 
in the mysteries of electronics. At the Ford Service Training • 

They’ve got specialist tools and diagnostic equipment 
that you don t always find in non-Ford garages. 

And of course, they invariably have the right parts on 
the premises; something that can save you valuable time 

In fact, they’re so sure, of the quality of their work 

that most Ford dealers how give a Ufetime Guarantee on the 
majority of their repairs. Which means that if a guaranteed 
repair ever fails you won’t have to pay for it again for as long 
as you keep the car 

Not for the parts, or the labour 
So next time your Ford needs a littletender loving care, 
it'll pay you to take it to your Ford dealer.. 

OK lads. Now you can put it afl back together again. ' 


*■ - ■ *. 


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Cracks in the England attack 

From Stuart Jones. 

Football Correspondent. 


England's reputation, fa t t - 
tered the other day in one 
sunlit comer of the globe, is 
about to go on trial in another. 

There, are misgivings that it 
nay not emerge unscathed 
here m the promised (and not 
so much because of defensive 
frailties, but because of an 
attacking deficiency. 

The three guns that England 
unll tram on the Israelis this 
afternoon are either new. rusty 
or unpredictable. 

The new weapon is Beards- 
ley and therein, perhaps, lies a 
tale. Twenty years ago. almost 
to the day (February 23. 1966). 
another centre forward was 
invited to make his fun debut, 
and his subsequent impact 
was to be historic. 

His name was Geoff Hum. 
Although he failed to score 
that day against West Germa- 
ny (the only goal came from 
the unlikely source ofa certain 
Norbert Stiles), his two hours 
of unforgettable glory lay only 
a few months ahead m the 
World Cup final. 

The trouble is that almost 
the only similarity between 
Beardsley and Hurst is that 
both of them are short ofa few 
front teeth. 

Bobby Robson openly ad- 
mits that Beardsley, who did 
“exceptionally well” when he 
came on during the closing 
stages last month in Egypt, is 
now playing for a place in the 
World Cup squad. 

Beardsley, himself, appreci- 
ates that, having learnt front 
living in the shadow of 
Keegan and Waddle at New- 
castle United, and he is ready 
to claim it. 

The rusty instrument is 
Dixon. He has played compet- 
itively for only 45 minutes in 
the last month. During 
yesterday's training session, 
he was so visibly short of full 
fitness that Robson consid- 

pair fit 
to return 

Arms and the men: Woodcock and Wilkins discnss tactics with Israeli soldiers 

ered leaving him out “But I 
know about Woodcock, Fran- 
cis and' the others and I need 
to look at him again”, he said. 

Even so, Dixon is unlikely 
to hear the final whistle from 
anywhere but the bench where 
Woodcock win be waiting to 
replace him. The unpredict- 
able firing mechanism is Wad- 
dle and Barnes, who will be 
waiting to substitute for him 
as well. 

Neither has yet convincing- 
ly fulfilled their lavish talents 
and it remains surprising that 
Robson consistently selects 
wingers who are inconsistent. 

Bryan Robson has had 
problems as wdl The ankle 
that he damaged at West Ham 
United “blew- up on the 
aeroplane” according to the 
England manager. 

He added that bis namesake 
was “going like a bomb” in his 
recent, albeit forshortened, 
club performances. Tbe cap- 
tain of England and Manches- 

ter United sounds as explosive 
as a stick of gelignite. 

Israel may soon discover 
that he can cause considerable 
and unexpected damage Al- 
though he did not stretch 
bimsdfduring training, be has 
declared that he is prepared. 
When he is in such a mood, 
and especially having missed 
the last two internationals, 
opponents have reasonable 
grounds for fearing this dan- 
gerous predator. 

_ If the strike force is poten- 
tially limited, there can be few 
reservations about England's 
ability to protect themselves. 
Hoddie and Wilkins are 
linked in a midfield trio that 
has collected a total of 150 
caps between them. Behind 
them lies a defence that is 
considerably strengthened by 
the return of Butcher and 

The partnership has been 
the central pillar on seven 
previous occasions when only 

one goal was yielded. “Martin 
has been very consistent at 
West Ham”, Bobby Robson 
said, “and Butcher has main- 
tained a steady improvement 
during his career. He has been 

fixture against Israel, who lost 


Hot air is 
blow to big 

Twickenham and the Na- 
! tional Stadium in Cardiff are 
winning the battle against the 
cold weather. Saturday's Five 
Nations championship matches 
look like going ahead. At Twick- 
enham. where England meet 
Ireland, the use of hot air 
blowers has had an immediate 
effect Bob Weigh ill. the Rugby 
Football Union secretary, said: 
“We are winning the battle but 
the war isn’t over." 

Tbe areas treated with bol air 
did not refreeze last night and 
that is giving the ground staff 
hope. WeighiU added Every- 
thing is progressing well and our 
special cover is spread over the 
entire pitch." This is the first 
time we. have used the cover in 
anger and ii is a great help. The i 
strong wind is tbe main danger 1 
and lowers the temperature, out 
we were delighted to find the 
areas that had been unfrozen 
were still OK this morning." 

In Cardiff, where Wales tackle 
France, Tony Horne, the 



US America’s Cup 
refuse $4m offer 

to Scotland by the narrow** ^^T** *^ “ort? 
of margins last month, would snow can stop us-" The National 

be regarded, therefore, as rela- 
tively meaningless. 

Israel's draws against Wales 

gf No 1 in ^ tan rf a „d^i„T S twIS 

no for are balanced by their defeat by 
tnree years . Australia ; n u/nrin 

Stadium is affected by frost 
between the two 22-metre lines 
near the south stand. But hot air 
blowers and plastic sheeting 

New York (NYT) — As far as 
ideas go for enriching tbe cam- 
paign coffers of America's Cup 
syndicates, a plan proposed 
recently by Philip Morris Inc. 
appeared to be the most lu- 
crative. At stake was more than 
$4 million (£2.8 million) to be 
i divided among the six United 
States teams ifall would agree to 
I it but two refused. 

Philip Morris wanted to or- 
ganize a series of 1 2-metre races 
in June among tbe syndicates, 
with substantial prize-money 
going io the winners. The boat 
placed first in a three-day regatta 
(planned for San Francisco Bay) 
would have won $1-6 million. 
The second prize would have 
been Sl.l million; third, 
$600,000; fourth, $350,000; 
fifth. $250,000, and last. 
$200,000. The programme was 
devised to promote one of 
Philip Morris's brand of ciga- 

Much of the media coverage 
the company expected hinged 
on the prominence of the 
America's Cup, and on the cup 
trial races that are to begin in 
Australia on October S. Beyond 
that, it was the company's way 
of supporting the American 
effort without stepping on the 
toes of any one syndicate. Philip 

Yet the pair have played 
together only once in the last 
21 months, against Northern 
Ireland a year ago. In conced- 
ing that there are “one or two 
decisions that I have to make 
about some crucial positions”, 
Robson suggested that the 
display of Martin, in particu- 
lar. will be closely watched 

Even if the various combi- 
nations at the back, middle 
and front prove to be success- 
ful. he stated that he would 
need to look at all of them 
again "against sterner 

Victoiy in the first senior 

Australia in the World Cup place 
qualifying stages. They are same, 
considered to be potentially 1 
more testing, if less dramati- j 
cally exciting, than the Egyp- 
tians, but an England defeat g 

would represent a signpost of 2 

doom on the short road to 
Mexico. / 

As the players look out of 
their hotel onto surfers danc-i 
ing on the crests of unusually r 

large Mediterranean waves, 

they are content merely to be c-gi; 
frolicking in the dazzling sun- F 
shine. But the fun is almost rren 
over. The ammunition is load- _ 
ed. Only in the forthcoming ™ 

battle will they know whether 
they are firing blanks. n n . ve 

have kept the rest of the pitch. MmX ViZ 

—in rfn.. Moms believed it was the 

nT^i solution to a problem that has 

place until the morning Of the Clurmwl mnn> than nn* I Inittfvt 




By David Hands 
Rngby Correspondent 

English Students......... 14 j 

French Students.......... 19 

Irish optimism shines on 
World Cup preparation 

Osvaldo Andes and Tony 
Galvin were back in compet- 
itive action yesterday after 

ms for places in Totten- 
ham Hotspur’s team for tbe first 
division match against liver- 
pool on Sunday and the FA Cup 
meeting with Everton two days 

Andes successfully com- 
pleted 90 minutes following his 
hernia operation five weeks ago, 
scoring the first goal in 
Tottenham’s 2-0 Football 
Combination win over Chariton 
Athletic at White Hart Lane. 

Galvin, the Republic of Ire- 
land winger who has been 
limited to two senior outings in 
the last three months because of 
a shin infection, also came 
through the game. 

•Alan Curtis. Southampton's 
Welsh international forward, 
has joined the second division 
club. Stoke City, on a month's 
loan. He has been out df 
Southampton's first team since 
November and his contract 
expires ax the end of the season. 

• The Reading winger. Andy 
Rogers, was yesterday passed fit 
to play again, just three days 
after narrowly escaping death. 
Rogers swallowed his tongue 
and stopped breathing for more 
than one minute after crashing 
to the ground following a col- 
lision with the Swansea City 
defender. Dudley Lewis, on 

Only the swift action of the 
Reading physiotherapist, Glenn 
Hunter, who forced a tube down 
the player's throat, saved his 
life. "Andy’s told me he wants to 
play against Doncaster on Sat- 
urday. so I am counting on 
him.” Ian Branfoot, the Reading 
manager, said- " He temporarily 
dislocated his shoulder in the 
foil and it will be sore for some 
time. Otherwise he’s fine." 

Italian no-job 

The Italian dub. Avellino 
have dismissed their Yugwlav 
coach. Tom I vie. foUowmg a ran 
of disappointing results. I vie, 
aged 53, who was previously 
with Ajax Amesterdam and the 
Belgian side. Andertecht, was 
the fourth coach to be sacked by 
Italian clubs this season. 

Beating the freeze 

Newcastle United, who have 
only played three League games 
at home since the end of 
November, are the latest dub 
ready to look into the possibility 
or an under-soft healing system 
ax their St James' Park ground. 

The Irish could hardly have 
found less appropriate ctrcam- 
stances for acclimatization to the 

Mexico than a snowbound Parc 
des Princes, where tonight they 
play the European champions in 
a friendly match in opposite 
extremes of te mperatu re and 
with the addition of unwelcome 
physical risk. Yet if a foothold 
should be possible, they will be 
having a more informative foot- 
ball exercise than England 
against the moderate Israetis- 

“WeYe adaptable!” Bflly 
Bingham says, with that cheer- 
ful optimism which has charac- 
terized Ireland's World Cup 
campaigns these past 30 years. 

Bingham, who is leading 
Northern Ireland into their sec- 
ond successive final competition, 
has laid plans to ens u re that his 
sqnad arrives in Guadalajara in 
May la a state of physiological 
readiness, whatever the tribula- 
tions encountered here. Eight 
weeks before the start of the 
finals on May 31 his men win be 
on a dally schedule of 4S-uinite 
runs in heavy sweatsuits, and a 
regular course of specially for- 
mulated drink which will help 
adjust their systems to the 
problems of dehydration. On 
May 8 they will leave for 
altitude acclimatization at the 
University of New Mexico in 

In addition, a list of all retail- 
available medicines which con- 
tain amphetamine or morphine- 

From David Miller, Paris 

based drags that are on FIFA's 
banned list is to be given to the 
players to ensure that no one 

r.ii^ r n »i — r — 

which overtook Willey John- 
ston, of Scotland, in 1978 in 

Having, he hopes, satisfac- 
torily organized the physiology . 
Bingham then has to devise a 
tactical mote past Algeria. 
Spain and Brazil. Tonight's 
match, whatever the state of tbe 
French and the pitch, wDI be 
partly experimental bed wholly 
competitive. “We are glad to be 
playing high-class opposition," 
Bingham says, “because that 
will motivate oar players more 
than if meetings lesser team. It 
is better to test yourself against 
the best." 

It does not concern him that 
Ireland suffered a heavy defeat 
here before the last World Cop. 
Hie team is not exactly short on 
morale after having eliminated 
Romania. “I wasn't toe worried 
the last time, because we were 
giving two or three players their 
baptism," Bingham says. “What 
is important is getting it right for 
Mexico, and I’d rather be up 
against opposition which will 
give ns something." Ireland's 
re m aining preparatory m a tc h e s 
are at home against Denmark 
and Morocco. 

France will themselves be 
expert men ting. With Tour£ iff 
Nantes injured, it is expected 
that Henri MkheL the manager 
of France, will include Papin as 

lines on Brazilians 

iration decide 

on pardon 

Rio de Janeiro (AP) — The 
attacking partner for Rocfaeteau. Brazilian football federation 
Only 18 mouths ago Papin was yesterday derided to pardon 
playing in the third division, and Leandro and Renato, who were 

Bruges in Belgium: a small the Brazilian World Cup squad 
player, aged 23, who paradoxi- for violating a curfew. Tele 
cally is excellent in the air. Santana, the coach, called the 
With Tirana also injured, violation “an act of betrayal" 
Ayache of Nantes comes into the and said the two should be 
midfield quartet with Fernandez, banned from the team, who last 

Giresse and Platini. It is pos- week began training for the 
sible that Platini, who has a tournament in Mexico in June, 
slight groin strain, will play only But he was overruled by confed- 
the first halL erarion officials. 

Bingham, who has Hamilton Leandro and Renaio returned 
and Ramsey injured, could play to training camp at 4.0am — five 
Clarke of Bournemouth along- hours after curfew — on Monday 
side Qainn in attack, with a after a day's leave. The two were 
midfield line of Armstrong, barred from practising with the 
McCreery, Mcllroy and team pending a derision on their 

Whiteside. O'Neill, the Leices- 
ter centre back, yesterday came 
through training with no re- 

punishment, which turned out 
to be a simple reprimand. 
“They recognized their error. 

action to a minor injury. The Thai was fundamental. 

The first outing by a repre- 
sentative English students side 
ended in defeat at Bristol 
University yesterday, when tbe 
French students found inspira- 
tion in the second half, recov- 
ered from a 14-point deficit, and 
won the match by two goals, a 
try and a penalty goal to two 
*nes and two penalties. 

The fact that the game was 
played at all reflects well on the 

energy of the organizers and the , . ... , . . 

enthusiasm of the players. Unhke certam snopker play- 
When Bath's pitch proved un- Dav,s hold * a 

playable, the organizers cast »nie«i»bte press conferenre at 
around from Exeter to Weston- ,hc ** ofa ™ ,ch - After white- 
super-Mare before lighting on washm f i he Australian cham- 
Brisiol University’s Combe Pion. John Campbell, in the 
Dingle ground, which received Puiux B nush Open champion- 
the nod of approval from the al .L^erby. Da vis came up 

captain and coaches of both an interesting theory on the 

teams, desperately hard though , - 

tt was. • The problem of some players 

A cutting cross-field wind and re > r ? lv ^?, a ?P“ nd t eir *?**■, he 
a swathe of penalties greeted the Mld - . u "! ,ke « '" voIv « 

French, who have a commit- rotuxmtratton on the whtte and 

mem against the Welsh students J-LljR 
in Bridgend on Friday. Both Jfficuh to get the cognation 
gave Johnson the chance to Expand ing on the theory 

stamp an early mark on the *«“i he had corrected toe tech- 
game. by kicking a second- meal faults m his gune he added 
minute penalty and then forcing , 1 ^ >een dn ” in 8 in I 
play into toe French comer. learned at practice oyer toe last 

Moreover he took Moon's ^ ew and now its become 
switch pass dose to a midfield auwmat'c. I was pleased to do it 
scrum and cut dean through to aft£r 1 58 ,d ,L 

the French line for the first try. Campbell, a gifted player, was 

Then, when an England move' hardly given a chance to show 
appeared to have died, Johnson what he can do and now Davis 
popped up \o revive it and sent takes on the Canadian Jim 
his university colleague Rydon Wych.who has not been a 
over. regular visitor to toe British 

stumped more than one United 
States corporation in its attempt 
to link itself with the America's 

The New York Yacht Hub's 
America II group and Dennis 
Conner's San Diego-based Sail 
America syndicate both de- 
clined the offer to race. With 
their refusals. Philip Morris 
cancelled toe plan; 

“It was an idea that was going 
to involve all of the syndicates.” 
said Tom Keim. a spokesman 
for Philip Morris. “We thought 
it was the best idea, one that 
would benefit all of the groups, 
not just one. But those guys 
have their reasons for what they 

do. and 1 don't want to point 
fingrrs at any of them." 

Tom Ehman. executive direc- 
tor of America II. conceded that 
toe prize-money would have 
been helpful in his team's $12 
million budget. But he said that 
logistics made it impossible: 
America IPs new I2-mcires, 
US42 and US44. are in Austra- 
lia and to bring them back to toe 
United States would have been 
too expensive and time- 
consuming. Furthermore, the 
syndicate's new boat, expected 
to be launched in May. would 
not be tuned and ready for a 
regatta in June without draining 
manpower from Australia. 

Conner's group contended 
ihat toe series would throw its 
team off schedule. “One of toe 
first things Dennis Conner did 
in the beginning was to design a 
plan for victory," said Charles 
Ward, marketing director for 
Sail America. “The plan was 
computer-designed, week by 
week, and so far. we're- right on 
target. If we were to mice one of 
our 12-meires from Hawaii, we 
literally would have to close 
down our well-defined pro- 
gramme io move to San 
Francisco." Ward said they 
would be glad to compete if the 
regatta were held in Hawaii, 
where toe team trains. 

Members of other syndicates 
are bitter about toe apparent 
lack of co-operation. Tom 
Blackaller, skipper for San 
Francisco's Golden Gate Chal- 
lenge. insists that New York and 
San Diego are making up ex- 
cuses. “They think they have a 
competitive edge, so if they can 
stop it. they will," said 
Blackaller about America If. 

Blackaller views the regatta as 
a chance for the American teams 
to gain valuable experience 
before heading to Australia. And 
he has gone so far as to offer one 
of his new boats to New York if 
its crew would compete. New 
York has declined. 


When Davis found 
right combination 

choice at centre back seems to be 
between him and McDonald — 
who was so outstanding in _ , 

Bucharest — in a back lour with Pto m yesterday’s practice 
Nichoil, McClelland and T . .. _ 

”55%— * Ireland’s boys 

declining to go to Mexico on tf-VQllCyllt S n 

account of his advanced age has LflUglU 111 

goal blizzard 

remarkable performances which ® 

Schools Football 

goal for Le half to get some By Geoige CheslcitoD 

IbvMrofflK natch. ,5 i„ ImatioMl En- 

M m gland and Northern Ireland 

nri Y) took place despite toe weather. 
1J 111 . . Credit must go to Newcastle 

United ground staff to the 
.» . players and also to toe 5.000 

diving foil length to rave an- spectators who braved toe efe- 
other 20 yard shot from the mems. The match was played 
impressive youngster, but toe under near blizzard conditions 
most bizarre moment of toe on a crisp surface of snow. Skill 
game came in toe _8th minute was shown on both sides but a 
when Slatter, trying to dear the score of 6-0 shows how much 
ball from *3 yards out from England dominated proceed- 
Alnfisa. hit a fierce back pass /ngsT^ 
which cannoned off Southall's xte England team included 
chest and was only saved at toe s j x pjgyers among toe 14 who 
second attempt. took toe field from tbe FA 

Davies secures Welsh win 

From a CmTespondeat from 12 yards after a fine piece 
Dhanran of inter-passing had put him 

— — clean through. 

Saudi Arabia 1 Saudi Arabia retaliated with a 

Wales — z penalty goal in toe 66th minute, 

■ Lalmansore floated in a high 

Goals from Neil Slatter and "eh* *Mch 

Gordon Davies saw Wales wwhm Stanerti aim and the 
through against a lively Saudi referee had no hesitation in 
Arabia side here yesterday. pointing to the spot. 

The Weldi overcame a lethar- . But Wales 

gic first-half performance and we 5 e ! 1 °. w nmily in command 
some erratic refereeing by a local and their manager, Mike En- 
official to take control of the gland, used the oppormnrty to 
game shortly after the interval. give his players some inier- 
. national experience. 

After a controlled build-op on , . ... 

the right Oxford United's right Lowndes replaced James and 
tack. Slaiter. gained possession Thomas took over from Blacfc- 
from a lob by Phillips. He held: pore. Williams was introduced 
off the attentions of a defender 'Or Phillips and Allen was given 
to turn and deliver a cross from f 08 international baptism when , 

Goals from Neil Slatter and 
Gordon Davies saw Wales 
through against a lively Saudi 
Arabia side here yesterday. 

The Welsh overcame a lethar- 
gic first-half performance and 
some eTiauc refereeing by a local 
official to take control of the 
game shortly after the intervaL 

Abi Chedid. the confederation appeared to have died, Johnson 
vice-president said in explain- popped up to revive it and sem 
ing toe decision. The two took his university colleague Rydon 
pan in yesterday's practice over. 

The English students, well scene. “I think he was mad to go 
served by Moon and by the back and lose two or three years 
defence of Webb, were keen to of match have been a top-eight 
use their backs, susceptible no player or very close to it." Davis 
doubt to toe fact that Bailey, said. “He has to work hard to get 
their captain, did not care to back quickly but I know he has 
freeze to death on toe wings, plenty of ability." 

Their forwards showed consid- Those who saw Davis play on 

erable appetite, none more than 

Marvin when he cut across to iu ppice 

halt a dangerous French attack. in PHjcr 

But from a half-time advan- . 

tags of 1 1 -0. England's fortunes f InCA rPOiHIl^ 

declined. Johnson kicked his 1 

second penalty but MesneL the nnciflftn 

visiting stand-off half, sensibly pUMUUU 

clad in tracksuit trousers, did •zl. . 

much to sustain his side. Wlul jL OrKSUlTG 

A burst of 13 points in seven 

minutes changed the face of the Brian Close, the former York- ; 
game. Two missed English shire and England captain, was 1 
clearances earned tries for Bary restored as chairman of toe I 

Monday night were convinced 
that at present he is in a class by 
himself but even in his present 
mood he sounds a note of 
caution. “There is no guarantee - 
that I shall play as well again 
next time." His game nevenhe- . 
less seems to have come right • 
with the world championship 
around toe corner at Sheffield . 
(April 19 to May 51. 

John Virgo probably does not 
set much store by what the stars 
foretell but when he was in- 
formed that toe fortunes of 
Piseeans were in toe ascendant, 
he seemed interested. He. like 
■ Alex Higgins and Willie Thome 
were bom under toe same sign . 
of the zodiac. 

Virgo, after his exciting 5-4 
victory over Eddie Charlton. will 
be seen in action against Tony 
Meo this afternoon in the 
quarter-final round. At their last 
meeting Meo defeated Virgo in 
the Australian Masters 
championship, so here is a 
chance of revenge for Virgo, 
although Meo, with his con- 
fidence restored, will be most 
difficult to unsettle. 

FIFTH ROUND; J Virgo bt E Chariton (Ausi 
5-4 Frame scores (Vimohrsrt 7030. fii. + 
28. 94-7, 47-58. 23-105; 46-7l£ 14J6. 64- * 
8. B6-2. S Daws W J CamptwB (Ausi) 5-0. 
Frame scores: 1 09-0, 75-53. 80-70. 99-23, 5f 

and Montauge, the French county's cricket sub-committee 
flankers, and helped bring their m Leeds on Monday night Sid 
side to within a point The Fielden will resume toe post of 
French students clinched toe public relations chairman and 
game four minutes from time will have Geoff Boycott as a 
with yet another cross-kick, member of his subcommittee, 
dropped in from of the English HOCKEY: The Civil Service 

After a controlled build-up on , . , 

toe right Oxford United’s right Lowndes replaced Js 
back. Slatter. gained possession Tnomas took over fro 
from a lob by Phillips. He held: Wtitam; was in 

off the attentions ofa defendin' J9 r Phdhps and Alien i 

the ed«e of tbe penalty area over 'he replaced Davies, 
a flat-footed goalkeeper, tbe ball However, Wales 
sailing into the top for comer of ioved anv success in 


7 30 unless Stand 

France v N Ireland (at Purijs. 7.01 
Israel v England (at Tel Avrv, 245) 

FA Cup 
Fifth round 

Derby v Sheffield Wed 

Scottish Cup 
Moa v MotherweS tn 
Hamilton v Hearts 
St Mirren v Falkirk 

Scottish first division 

Brechin v Clyde n 
Forfar v Airdrie n 
Partick v Dumbarton « 

Scotfrsh second cfivfeton 

Cowdenbeath v Queen of Sti FI 

DunfemiBisev Arbroath W 

Stenhsmirfr v E StWng 
Stirtng Ato v Rath 

FA TROPHY: W Mnt LMk ¥ W* 
— ato g ft— Mfcwfe Bury 9 irwmtu. 
SonhorpevFratVtie . . 

sailing into the top for comer of 
tbe net. 

A second goal from Davies in 
the 60th minute secured Wales's 
grip, toe Manchester City for- 
ward giving Suluman no chance. 


Natdngtwm Forest; StwNMd Wsdnasday 
v HuT (7 ®. P MWM* Wtt v 

Baratov wnt Bromweh t Darts*. S» 

MdcRwMoiE Baton w Btoetacoir7J* 
Doncastar v Rotfnrtiara (7.0k Stoiea v 



WNLTIpSrT LEAGUE: Burton v Horwieh. 

%3”S& srrMjgaa!:' 


Second round raptor Bwion « Bangor 


However, Wales had not en- - 

joyed any success in the first half 

Jw? 1 B h5!£f Cp f r S? 0 ™^ OpMW WTW* Tottenham Z 

tball was the hero. In tbe ctwmw ft Bnsas Rovers i wear Hm & 

thirteenth minute be blocked a ^^ Port ^ v8rto ^ 

snap shot from Hakme. pwwk „ . 

Seven minutes later be was SSSS * Yortc &mdBrt,nd w Sc “ ah0 ** 

second attempL took toe field from tbe FA 

_ school at UUeshalL 

(Wgtfor Jj._p Ph Mm t fttoncTWBwr C trfl minutes with a fine individual 

}nrm P taSn*" 1 ?' f 0 ® 1, and ooIy four minutes 

later. Murray streaked past three 

CBtectaaom (Manchester Unfedj (sufe u players and shot from 25 yards 
Itwp 1 — ■-.* **! Brt ” T ™ l * c * 1 . A P I0 ">-. c giving Pollock in the Northern 
aw*«(Manchosfsr City) (sub: Alton, [pgjgjjjj goa] do chance. Murray 

SAUDI ARABIA: Suluman. Ldmmora. also set up toe third goal for 
jaml Soar (AiransL Sasisn. Khamea Small to score and Parrott made 
iSSS ™ me ’ Uahanaa ft four by half-time. 

(Zaki), Hart*. ™sa. nrnv nff umniloi 

posts, and Canut was forced j began their annual senes of 
over by his forwards. j matches against the Armed 

^ __ I Forces with a 5-0 victory for toe 

SCOREWfc English Undents: irte’ - -- - - 

Posomit Portsmouth v Brtctaon. 
Praston S, Put Vais a Postponed: Rota 
County » Yortc Stnda ria nd v Scuuhwpa 

L fiesta. Khama Small to score and Parrott made 
Hatone. MoSramad ft four by half-time. 

The snow eased off somewhat 

after toe intervaL The last two 

goals came from rebounds, 
rat Tottenham z Blake scored from a toot half 
MgiwMi Ham z saved by the goalkeeper and 
econo sawa Parrott soored the last from 
■ Py ywsft NtfM c iose range after the ball bad 
tend V Sonhotpa stmek the crossbar. 

Sussex County FA (H Beckenham, 3.0t 
FA XI v London University (at Hendon FCfc 
Oxford UnMrsfty V Oxfonf Untied XI (et 
Rood. 2.15V 


CLUB MATCHES: Aberavon v Cross Keys 




Buiiniiti scene eastern leagues 
gotten v Greet Yermouin. 


M5S BUSH CUP Second rooxf * 

lews* BUCKS , 

tajtosfiainborough Town v RSSouftamp-’ 
Srtitt Ten Acres. Easltetal. i 

Undng v Ewttjoume Town. { 



South Gtamoi^n Inst (7. 15k Ebbw Vale v 
LtamW (7.0); Leicester v Rand Navy 
(7.15). Pntpmetf: CantoUM OnhrflnOy 
v And A&seastns; Neitjrtdgo v NeeSu 
Oxftxd university » Penguna. 

UAU CHMHBrtONStV: ueuS-tinefc Not- 
tintfietn UnNeralty v Swa n aea Unfrflragy 
(at5goudR FC.2^oy 
Pubfc School Wanderers (at Ald e rshot ) ; 

iSR-mST'cm _ 

pooett Si Marys v Guys. 


SEX CUT CUP: Rot namfe FUham v 
B»rq w tet Cenfrai F^Wganj. sSond 
roo nrr ruetpone a: vAonetn V ninnptDn; 

poMd: HuO Kkyston Raven v Stanton. 


SNOOKER: Dufcoc Brtteh Opto (at Derby 
Aaaemtty Rooms). 



ft HarafaRM . toe & St AUbm S, WW Htete 
2 (West Hem won on penafey sto 
aowdOfiL i 1; Braen oTtafficn 

ft South Notenghem I. rtefa 

tewue Nomads 1. BWtas 
lacaattr WnaH lg h Z KM&a 
(Word Hm** 1. HM 
Dunam UnMrwy 1. 

Z2& g, u Srapar (Cd 187: ia a 

CALIFORNIA: Le Otoete Cte ee to nmfe £ (cwpl f:> 
Qteod Rto tBieinmant Rat Raimi: S 8, Will 
awjmode (Yufl) » S Caaal IS^ 84. 6-4: j CbrlsbCTg 

swKsw nsnh MedeMK Thea: Royal Navy al Bidham Abbey 

yesterday. Mike Yellowleas 
scored twice from short corners 
io toe first half. In the second 
half Mohamed Nazir increased 
toe lead from a penalty stroke, 
and Andrew Hay and Andrew 
Batchelor added goals. 

RUGBY LEAGUE: Jan Birkby, 
the stand-off has rejoined Old- 
ham after a four-month trial 
with HunsleL Birkby is transfer- 
listed at his own request and 
played four games in toe 
Hunslet first team, but toe 
Yorkshire dub decided not to 
pursue their interest. 

•Oldham’s home game with 
Hull Kingston Rovers on Sun- 
day has been switched to the 

Oldham Athletic football 

ground at Boundary Park, which 
has undersoil heating. Oldham 
have played on the pilch twice 
this month. 

members of Britain's Olympic 
team. Malcolm Cooper, Sarah 
Cooper, Irene Daw, Geoffrey 
Robinson. Carol Page and Da- 
vid Chapman, are among tbe 
party of 15 who will take part in 
the European air weapons ! 
championships near Helsinki on 
March l and Z 

TEAM Men; PtetofcO AM. PLsaittaittela, 

G. Rctotason: (women) B. Balter. C. Page. 

P. Thompson. Rfe (msn)M. CoopwTw. 
Ggto.L Pons: (woman) S. Cooper, i.Daw. 

T. Umn Qunloq N. Wattes. Moving 

BEAST” B **° “ T 

TENNI& The Yugoslav coach, 
Radmilo AnncnuDc, named a 
four-man team for the Davis 
Cup world group match against 
n the Soviet Union, to begin from 

Race sponsors ***** 7 - Tb 5 players are 


PW and Brano 

Newport, Rhode Wand, on June 
8, will be sponsored by 

Soviets staged surprising vic- 
tories against France and Argen- 
tina. respectively, last year. 


Injury may 1 ■ 
force Cram 
out of race 

Sieve Cram, Britain's double ; _ 
world record holder, may be 
forced out of the national cross- 
country championships at New- 
castle on Saturday because of 
injury. He twisted his right 
ankle during a training session 
on Monday night 

M have had some ice and 
the anlde is strapped up," said . 
Cram, who was last year’s 
northern cross-country cham- 
pion. “It would be a shame if ! 
missed Saturday's race because , 
ii is being held in Newcastle for 
ihe first time but obviously I tt 
will wait to see how the ankle 
responds to treatment before I 
decide whether or not to run. 

:**l am also keeping a close eye 
onthc conditions. It would be 
stupid to risk worsening the 
injury by competing on ice and 
snow.” Yesterday toe course 
was covered by a foot of snow. 


in balance 

The racing future of Bob 
Spalding, Britain's world for- 
mula one champion, will be 
decided next month. 

Spalding, who secured the 
championships for the second 
time last November, collapsed 
recently and had an operation to 
repair an aneurism, a weakness 
which produces a swelling or 
bubble m an artery on the brain. 

The success of the operation 
has left toe 44-year-old marine 
dealer from Ipswich eager for 
toe start oftoe grand prix season 
in June. 

The decision on whether be 
will lead toe successful Norfolk- 

based Perdval Hodges race 
team, has been deferred, how- 
ever, until a consultation with a 
specialist in tbe next few weeks. 

If he is forced to jive tm 
racing Spalding is Hkdy to 
become a consultant with Ptr- 
cival Hodges. 





Caught between two 
umpires who could 
not make a decision 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Kingston, Jamaica 

Edmonds was given He made it to Gayle, who was is how they ha 
or the end of the first soon joined by several others, tomed to ! 

When Edmonds was given 
not out near the end of the first 
Test match here on Sunday it 
was not because the bail had 
been ruled unfair, as was 
thought at the time, but 
because neither umpire was 
prepared to make a derision. 
The> both remained mum. 

The men concerned. John- 
nv Gayle, of Jamaica, and 
David Archer, from Barbados, 
are agreed now that Edmonds 
was out The ball, a fast and 
horrid beamer from Patterson, 
hit Edmonds close to the 

all in a highly animated state. 

is how they have grown accus- 
tomed to seeing cricket 
played. It is one of the reasons 

It was as though a row had whv there, are fewer young 
blown up in the bazaar. Gayle West Indiarfbatting stars than 

referred Haynes to Archer at 
square leg. who claims that he 
thought Gayle had already 
turned down the appeal 
“If Gayle had come to me 
after they had appealed to 
him.” Archer said, “or even 
signalled to me that he had not 
made a decision, I would have 
given the batsman out despite 
the fact that he was injured.. I 

there were. Another *js the 
state of the pitches fibre. 
England have played five 
matches so Tar and have yet to 
find what by former standards 
could be considered a good 

Attempts to get to Trinidad 
a day early have failed The 
security people there were 
keen not to have to change the 

heart. .As he staggered under just did not want to ay ‘out* if elaborate arrangements at- 

_ L _ LU... k. La La^ .1 * L.J 4_ A « » i_ .L- ^ e- 

the blow he hit his wicket Gayle had said ‘not out". 

thereby prompting prolonged 
and passionate appeals from 
the West Indians, in which 
Richards, their captain, was 
well to the fore. Concern for 
Edmonds's well-being was not 
immediately apparent but 
that, by then, was what the 
game had come to. 

According to Gayle, stand- 
ing at the bowler’s end the 
decision should have been 
made by Archer from square 
leg. Archer felt that it was 
Gayle’s. Law 27 (3) makes it 
clear that Archer, technically, 
was wrong: “The umpire at 
the bowler's wicket shall an- 

As extraordinary as any- 
thing was this total lack of co- 
operation between the two. 
We waited for them to consult 
each other and they never did 
- so eventually the game 
proceeded. Edmonds, though 

ready made for the team’s j 
arrival scheduled for 10.0 j 
tomorrow evening. 

Originally booked in at a 
hotel down by the docks, the 
players have been switched to 
one that can be more easily 
screened Most accompanying 

he may have thought he was journalists will be with them, 
probably out. felt there should and also Raman Subba Row. 

also have been a good reason 
for him not to be. 

So. according to Law 42 
{ \ 3e). there was: “The bowling 
of one fast, high full pilch shall 
be considered to be unfair if. 
in the opinion of the umpire, it 
is deliberate, bowled at the 
striker, and if it passes or 

swer appeals before the other would have passed above the 
umpire in all cases except shoulder height of the striker 

those arising out of Law 35 
(Hit Wicket). Law 39 
(Stumped) or Law 38 (Run 
Out) when this occurs at the 
striker's wicket.” 

Gayle has said: “i had no 
doubt that under the law the 
batsman was out. for although 
it provides for us to call ’dead 
ball’ if the batsman is suffi- 
ciently injured that was not 
the case... 1 But I could not get 
involved without being asked 

when standing in a normal 
batting stance at the crease.” 

chairman of the Test and 
County Cricket Board who 
was to have flown home from 
here tomorrow but is extend- 
ing his visit to monitor events 
in Trinidad to the east of 

Tony Brown, the team’s 
manager, rejoins them in 
Trinidad tomorrow, being due 
to land there, together with 
Wilf Slack, a few hours ahead 
of the main body. It has not 

have called “dead ball” under 
Law 23 (2a). as they could 
have done under Law 23 (2b). 
if they felt a serious injury had 
been incurred 
It made not the slightest 
difference to the result but that 
in a sense made the whole 
thing more unpalatable. En- 

to by the umpire at the gland while on the brink of 

batsman's end” 

The appeal was led by 
Haynes, who had been fielding 
at very close short leg, the 

defeaL being four runs ahead 
with their last pair together. 
But the crowd though they 
had just given Willey a rous- 

position taken up by Edmonds ing cheer for his innings of 71. 
himself earlier in the match, were enjoying the kill; and this 

Schoolboy thwarts England 

From Simon Wilde, Galle 

A remarkable defensive in- 
nings lasting six hours and 20 
minutes by a 1 7-year-old school- 
boy. Hasan Tillekeratne. 
Thwarted England B of victory in 
the fifth and final four-day 
international. Tillekeratne, who 
came to the wicket at 4.15 on 
Monday, batted all day yes- 
terday for 105 not out — his 
maiden first class century.- • 

He belied his lack of experi- 
ence and dimunilive stature as 
he resisted all that England 
could throw at him. The last two 
Sri Lankan batsmen. 
Abeysekera and Ramanayake. 
proved equally obdurate and 
stayed with him for one hour 45 
minutes and 73 invaluable runs. 

Unfortunately one incident 
overshadowed this rearguard 
action and marred the day's 
tense cricket. Sri Lanka were 
243 for nine. 139 runs ahead 
with 24 overs remaining, when 

Lawrence, the bowler. Rhodes haps the best the team had come 
the wicketkeeper and the slips across in Sri Lanka- 

all reacted as if the catch was Although they have said noth- 

good. Nicholas, the England B ing publicly. England have been 
captain, asked Tillekeratne if he very concerned about the urn- 

had hit the ball and he said that piling here. Their reports to the 
he had not. But Lawrence and Sri Lankan board have been 

Rhodes remonstrated with the strongly worded and they have 

the England fielders were con- seven weeks. 

batsman. “Explosive reactions" 
followed and were quelled when 
Lawrence was restrained by 
Aihey and his captain, and 
Rhodes by Randall, who rushed 
up from third man to break up a 
nose-to-nose exchange. 

Peter Lush, the England man- 
ager. Norman Gifford, the assis- 
tant manager, and Nicholas 
were meeting Iasi night to decide 
if there was any need for 
disciplinary action against any 
of the team. U would be a great 
pity if it was found to be 
necessary with Rhodes, for no 
one has shown more enthusiasm 
and dedication over the past 

vinced that Tillekeratne. then 
on 90. had been caught behind. 
But he was given not out. 

Nicholas made a point later of 
saying that the umpire who gave 
Tillekeratne not out was per- 

made their views known in 
private to the board secretary 
and to Abu Suard. the Sri 
Lankan chairman of selectors. 

England bowled and fielded 
well yesterday. 

Wamakulosuriya fell leg-before 
to Agnew in the second over and 
from then on England took a 
wicket just regularly enough to 
keep themselves in the hunL 

When Anurasiri spooned a 
catch to mid-on prior to tea. Sri 
Lanka were only 93 runs ahead 
and England looked to have the 
match and the series won. When 
Tillekeratne reached his 100. 
shortly before the Sri Lankan 
innings closed for 272. die 
England players applauded him 
warmly. He had denied them 
their chance, and they knew it. 

Quick recall for Crowe Imran exerts 

Wellington (AP) - Jeff Crowe. Trevor Franklin, the Auck- his grip 

Wellington (AP) - Jeff Crowe, 
of Auckland, has been included 
in the New Zealand squad for 
the second Test match against 
Australia which starts at Christ- 
church on Friday. Crowe, a 
middle-order batsman, was left 
out of the rain-affected fitst Test 
when Ken Rutherford, of Otago, 
took his place and scored 65 
runs in an impressive return to 
Test cricket. 

The final day of the first Test 
at the Basin Reserve was aban- 
doned as a draw after heavy 
overnight rain. 

Trevor Franklin, the Auck- U19 

land opening batsman who was Kardv rRmiteri 
dismissed in the first over of tightened their hnU 
New Zealand's first innings, was T« to 

no! rnncidf»n»d fnr the cernnd nf JLV 1 . -.VP * 01 **•"*“*■ I" 

not considered for the second of the P 2 overs that were nnZiihE 

the three-match series after Sri 

badly damaging a finger while Xi,™? kJrffq. 

fieldino Rnr fellow "™» OUI tO 31 for tWO in 

fielding. But, as expected, fellow J - ■‘i In 

opener John Wright returns to JJ™™**™?** ^ 

the squad after missing the first „ I „ Afte ^ vern, ? bl oul 

Test with a back injur?. 5?S5L, lunch ' Pa *, Ist ?jl 

removed Wetumuny. caught off 

scores Austrafla 435 ; New Zealand 379 Wasim Akram for eight, and 

SQUAD: J Coney. J WmM (nce-c^tran). Raroayakc, bowled by Imran 
j Bracswefl. E ChatfleM, j Crowe, m Khan after the Pakistan captain 

Crowe, B Edgar, S < 
Rerf. K Rutherford. 

i Crowe. M Khan after the Pakistan captain 
RHefce. j had sent down three successive 
’ GT, °^ wides. 


to share 

p W S 


\V 1 »> 


U&chammcr, Norway (AP) - 
Rok Petrovic of Yugoslavia 
efinefeed sa least a lie for the 
World Cup statom title yes- 
unfa y when he e dg ed out 
Sweden's togemar Steumartc for 
Ins fourth victory of the ski 
season. But Mat- GinnkSi of 
Luxembourg extended his kad 
in the cmenu saaoisgs with h» 

ihbtf place. 

Petrovic. 2tkfrot» Ljubljana, 
recorded the fetes* tones in 
both rtms down the. Bergs- 
bokken ftifl to deny S frnmar k 
tos 82nd World Cup triumph by 
just. J 3 seconds. Porovk's com- 
bined time for two runs was l 
minute, 23.99 soccmto 
“After the first run I tajetr | 
fed a very good chance," said 
Petrovic. wfio led Gnankfli by 
jQ7 and Seamark by .12 seconds 
after the rooming, mu. 

“The second ron I dried reafly 
weft 2 didn’t make any big 
mistakes aad I didn't take any 
big risks. I’m quite satisfied with 
the way Tm skiing." - • 

Stemnarit, the pest slaters and 


i slalom skier in World Cup 
ary, had a time of 1:24.12 for 

pant state 
history, hi 
the 145th 

Rok Petrovic of Yugoslavia shows fine form as he races In for his fourth win of the season at tiBehammer, yesterday. 



the 145th top-three finish of his 
briffianx c are e r . It was also his 
third runner-up finish this sea- 
son. ■ 

He made a- critical mistake 
midway through the first run 
that may have cosrhhn the race. 
But he refused to speculate on 
that, and said- that -petrovic 

In the circumstances it may . yet been decided whether to 
well have been that they could give Slack a game against 

Teesside riding on 
enthusiastic wave 

simply skied a tittle fester. 

Grrardeili, the .defending 
World Cup overall champion, 
was overtaken by Stemnaxk in 
the second ran and wound up 
third m 1:24.71. . 

But the Austrian native, who 
has competed for Luxembourg 
throughout his • raring career, 
added L5 points to his margin is 
the overall standings and now 
leads. Swiss downhill . Specialist 
Peter MoeBer 256 points to 199 
going into tomorrow’s super 
giant slalom at Konsedahl, 

Switzerland's Primin 
Zurbriggea, ninth on -.Tuesday, 
moved rn to third place overall 
with 186 peants. Stemnark, who 
said be would enter both the 
Super G and a *b*r slalom set 
for Friday at tferasedahl, now 
trails Petrovic by 25 points m 
the chase for * share of the 
slalom tide with tfarte sanes left. 
Stenmaric must win afl three to 

Trinidad on Friday, though 
foe claims of Robinson and 
Smith, one of whom he could 
replace in a later Test will for 
the momeni be given priority. 
•Mike Galling, whose nose 
was severely damaged by the 
West Indies bowler, Malcolm 
Marshall, is to have an opera- 
tion in a London hospital 
today. He will leave hospital 
tomorrow and spend about 10 
days recuperating before see- 
ing a specialist. He hopes to 
return to Barbados on March 
1 1. in time for the third TesL 

By Colin McQuillan 

The soccess of the ICI Open reflector Teleball, which picks 

Lyle can learn 
from Langer 

From John JBaflantme, Coral Springs* Florida 

championships, played on the up special directional lighting, 
all-transparent Perspex court at nl __ ~je the Persoex 

Thomaby PariUion, Oerelaod. £3PS i 

suggeststhal a ipart as aoton- Bob I 

oas for its spectator tedium as 
for its participatory stimulation 
has moved fete a new era of 
general public enjoyment. 

A £17,000 prize fond attracted 
most of (be leading players in 
the world to Teesside, although 
a dutch of leading Englishmen 
withdrew belatedly and it was 
rumoured that a sizeable 

“We plan to nse the Perspex ! 
court increasingly around the 
country in this way," said Bob 
Morris, the dud* executive of 
the SBA. although the initiative 
for the ICI open actually came 
from the Dor ham and Cleveland 
County Association, who have 
run top-level professional tour- 
naments at Stockton for many 

Their gradual growth from 

Sandy Lyle, the Open Cham- Beach, tied 35th (76, 73. 69; only 
pion. returns to the US tour in three rounds played), 
the Honda Classic here after A change of character is tire 
missing tournaments in San last thing one would wanL or 
Diego. Hawaii and Los Angeles, expect, m the dour, but affable. 
He had to attend a much more Lvle but 1 wonder if be might be 

important occasion, the birth of prepared to work a hit harder 

a second son to his. wife. 

The Scot is anxious to settle 
down here again on the run-up 
to the Masters and to build upa 
substantial amount of prize- 
money with the laudable object 
of finishing the season in the 
leading 125 players, who are 
accorded top priority on this all- 
exempi tour. 

He did reasonably well in his 
four previous events and. before 
the Los Angeles Open, was 31st 
on the money list with $27,449. 

Naturally, he bad dipped 

appearance fee was included in l ocal sponsorship on YMCA 

the deal that 
Khan, the 

t Jahangir 

squash courts to £40.000 for a , 
to ornament, with bucking from a 

winging ip by company jet on the multi-national _ company _ to 

second day of the tournament. 
Jahangir duly delivered an- 

mount a major sporting 
presentation, stands as an 

other instalment of bis astonish- extraordinary example of grass- 
ing five-year undefeated saga, roots enthusiasm. 

beating. Ross Norman of New 
Zealand 9-4. 9-4, 9-1 to take the 
£2^00 men’s prize. 

It also illustrates a develop- i 
ment of tournament squash as . 
an appealing spectator activity >. 

and apply himself a bit moro in 
future akmg the lines oC say. 
Langer'? - . . . 

The Britoo and the German 
practise together at the Bob 
Hope Classic, and Lyle and his 
caddy. Dave Mcsgrove. were 
both a bit taken aback at tire 

work rate of the Unger-PCier I draw even with Petrovic, 

bade slightly after taking nearly 
a month oft But ft was. after all. 
for the very best of reasons, a 

Tbe women's world champion, even in distant corners of the 

Susan Devoy, woo £1,000 for fend. The British open is now f 3?“! ? “-H 

hniino rw itt-SL Q.5 ocf kihhMi or wJm.v rw golfing chestnut - Do you mind 

beating Lisa Opfe 9-2, 10-8, 9-5 established at Wembley Con- 

in the women's final. A special Terence Centre and capable of 

over-35 event provided drawing 2,000 people per ses- 
England's Hiddy Jahan. a quar- sion to an indoor festival of 


Wimbledon proportions. 

championship, with a '£400 bo- local enthusiasts of Durham and 
nus for beating Ahmed Safwat of Cleveland introduce an entirely 

Egypt 9-4, 5-9, 9-7, 10-8. 

A packed audience of 1.000 

new dimension, however. Even 
in tbe financially depressed 

watched tbe late rounds on the North-East, they have shown 
Perspex court plainly thrilled that tbe increasingly colourful 

if l play through, my wife is 
expecting any minute?" 

Lyle's record does not com- 
pare with that of Bernhard 
Langer. who is giving free clinics 
this week to members at his 
Monte Carlo dub in Fort Pierce. 
Florida., before restarting at the 
Doral-Eastem Open in Miami 
next week. 

Coleman combination. "1 

The latter Team" insisted on 
playing not only a full 18 holes 8 * 
at each of the four courses in the ” 

desert, but of both measuring 
out every yard of ground in 
separate notebooks, something "3“ 
that made Lyle and Musgrove 

The Honda is played on one 
of Deane Beman’s beloved “si*-. 
drum courses", which amply 2338 
means that the Americans are . 
trying to- recreate the sort of 
great natural gran dstan ds pro- pjo<* 
vided-hy rri ot h er nat ure fo r ottr 1 
opens m Scotland and other- 
linksl an ds in the UK. V-pff 

“But ft wifi be difficult to win 
the slalom tnle.” said Stenmark, 
a seven-time slalom champion. 

World. sUoo chatnjMB Jo- 
nas Nilsson of Sweden, who was 
seventh after lire first run, 
withdrew is the seoood because 
of a foot injury and said he 
would not compete on Sunday- 
He is tied for third place in the 
slalom standings with 87 points 

■results: i. r pwwfc rnkriMn I 
23S8B8C; Z Z l uu t mt r Stenmax. Sue- 
den. 124.12 : £7 M OranteC (U»L 
12171 AGMMvttasMfc 1^S.«5.0 
Bmwdfe lYUffl. 7^2ft8, P Fftnmdt 
( M ncWW WBM T 124&7. ttZoMrMiB- 

(LMcWi>n BM h4. 1 25 -85; 7. ft ZoinrMiB- 
Zuttxmen (Swfezk 12 B. 13 ;t 0 . i EdUW 
11 , H Seotz (Austria), 

TT ■ Ativ am.'lOBM: 11 . H svoiz (Austria), 

ksiands in the UK. 12 . J Sondqvist (Swj. 

To be feir. they are something JJfifcC?’ L K 

iher more than that with r^68:t5.MBerttxro«usiwfl.iS3t! 

by die athletic expertise laid and dynamic presence of 52 

before them 

Tyne Tees Teleriskm covered 

international squash ., pro- 
fessionals, including a few spe- 

the finals for transmission next cially introduced local stars, can 
weekend and Dunlop provided draw huge audiences of commit- 

for the occasion their new retro- ted interest. 

Here, is Lyle's record in 16 
rounds so Ian Tournament of 
Champions, tied 13th (7a 72. 
71, 72); Bob Hope Classic, tied 
18th (71. 67. 7a 69): Phoenix, 
tied 26th (66. 69, 71, 71): Pebble 

rather more than that with 
cleverly sculpted and raised 
seating nsound aft ibe best 
vantage points- Once you have 

12&6B: 15, M BorthcM (Austria). 1 £6-7>' 
SLALOM 5TANDM0S: 1. Purwk. 120 
StanmnlL 95;& R(iz4 andlHnou 
few*), bom Mr A RonoMk. 8 ZA 0 
Bouwd (Fr }. 51. 

got used to the effortless viewing overall swnomb&i, GnrrMH. 256 

it is awfully difficult to go back 
to standing 10-deep around 
other greens. 


If (SwitzL 
icraon, 186 ?i. M Wasmsltr 
m5. Potromc, 1 SBA. L Stock 


Intimidation in sport part 2 

Boyle earns title chance How to conquer 

' Boyle earned the right before allowing him to continue, have announced the officials for _ • - 

Sieve Boyle earned the right 
to meet the British lightweight 
champion, Tony Willis, from 
Liverpool, after an explosive 
final title eliminator against 
Mickey Baker, of Worcester, in 

before allowing him to continue, have announced the officials for 
Boyle seized his opportunity next Tuesday's final eliminator 
and Baker absorbed consid- for the heavyweight world tide 1 

and Baker absorbed consid- for the heavyweight world tide 
erabie punishment until Gibbs between Frank Bruno and 
called a hall just before the bdL Genie Coetzee. of South Africa, 

at Wembley. The referee is Guy 
• One of Britain's top managers Jutras. from Canada, and the 

The 23-year-old Scottish title- 
holder put on a powerful display 
in slopping Baker with only two 
seconds of the second round 
remaining. Boyle, several inches 
taller than his stocky opponent, 
stopped the Midlands area 
champion in his tracks with a 
vicious left hook to the head. 

and trainers. Dennie Manctni, three judges 

has returned to Italy for the fifth Glienna and Gordie Volkman, 
time in four and a half years in both of Chicago, and Carlos 

the hope of returning with the Sucre from Venezuela. 
European bantamweight tide. — ~ 

Manctni is accompanying AllCOCk title IT) 
Ray GiJbody. the British chant- 
pion. who challenges Ciro de Tony Allcock, the 
Leva m Cosenza tonight for his ^ xwls dttmP 11 

European bantamweight tide. ^ n&iennBnuvnJi be a 

Baker managed to stagger to 
bis feet at the count of nine and 
the referee. Hairy Gibbs, exam- 
ined the Englishman closely 

Manctni took John Feeney to 
Italy for four championship 
attempts — but aD four finished 
in points defeaL The WBA 

Tony AJIcock. the world in- 
door bowls champion from 
Cheltenham, will be attempting 
to add tbe British title to his 
collection when tbe CIS British 
Isles championships and home 
internationals start at Swansea 
leisure centre next Tuesday. 

New Hawke achieves dove-like peace 


In tne summer of 1984 the new 
Yorkshire Committee, still 
flushed with their success at 
routing the old guard, were much 
exercised over the appointment 
of a new president, Norman 
Yardley having resigned at the 
time of the old committee’s 

Having been turned down by 
at least three eminent 
Yorks hiremeo, they came up 
with the name of Richard Piers 
Henry Butler, the seventeenth 
Viscount Moontgarret and ben- 
presumptive to the earldom of 
the Marquess of Onnosde. The 
name toadied few chords and 
what had brought the viscount to 
the public's attention — a court 
appearance for firing at a bal- 
loon which had flown low over 
his grouse moor daring a shoot — 
was hardly a commendation. 

To cynics ft seemed tut appro- 
priate appointment for a post 
which had been linked, only 
taaff-jokingly, with Brian 
Clough, that outspoken defender 
of Geoffrey Boycott, with the 
added suspicion that, as the 

horse. Less than two years after 
his appointment the revolution 
is in tatters and Monmgairet is 
the new dominant force in 
Yorkshire cricket. The new 
rules, which are very much his, 
received 92 per cent of the vote at 
the county’s annual general 
meeting in Sheffield od Sal- 

Boycott’s supporters have - 
been scattered, left to complain 
bitterly that Momtganet is a Mg 
dictator taking tbe county back HP 
to the days of Lord Hawke. ” 

It was perhaps tactically an 
unfortunate compfaunt to make, i 
The Yorkshire members view 
the days of Lori Hawke with 
favour and Mosntganret ac- 
cepted the charge with relish, 
remarking: ?Tbe sooner we get 

back to the days of Lord Hawke , 

tbe better. We won the Moun lSarret dominant force 

were toe low. escaped s imilar 
retribution - was exceptional and 
should perhaps have served as a 
warning that there was more to 

Clues that he possessed a 
subtle political mind appeared 
dining the stormy passage of the 

belief. I felt I had to vote for 
people who were pro-Boycott in 
that sftnation.” 

Moontgarret began h» presi- 
dency aiming to bra»l peace to a 
comity ridden with faction. His 
plea at last year's anaaal meet- 
ing for unity, emphasized by 

Phipps is 
faster on 
new sledge 

Government's Bill to aboflah the banging a pristine cricket bat on 

metropolitan c oun t i e s m the 
Loads. Tbe proposal to cat short 
the term of the existing sitting 
counc&s and abolish die 1985 
elections in particular drew 
heavy fire and there seemed 
tittle way out of the impasse. 

To the surp r ise of the Govern- 
ment Whips, the relatively un- 
known ‘^backwoodsman" - his 
own phrase - came op with an 

the table la a gesture redolent of 
another Tory earl. Lord 
Haflsham, while the owner 
looked on aghast, fell on deaf 
ears, however. 

Tbe shambles of that meeting. 

still debate on Boycott’s dual- 
role as player and committee 
man by Mans of a resolution 
which was described by counsel 

ingenious solution. The as “bad, improper and , 
Moontgarret A m endm ent abol- misctuiceived 1 n andthefoiforeof 

Championship 18 times under 

He would also not reject tbe 
suggestion that autocracy has its 
advantages. He has, as the 
incident with the balloon sug- 
gests, an aristocratic temper and 

appointee of Ike new ruling admits to a belief in benevolent 
group, be would probably lean in autocracy tempered by the right 

(hat direction. 

It is possible Ait die pro- 
Boycott faction had made the 
same analysis. Monatgarret’s 
letter to the Yorkshire Post 
c ri t i c izin g the old committee's 
treatment of Boycott was open to 
that interpretation; but equally 
the conviction harboured in 
some supporters that his name 
emerged from an increashq^y 
desperate search through Who's 
Who cannot be dismissed. 

Whatever the reason for he 
appointment, ft has proved pos- 
sibly the most selfdestrnctive 
.■ct-stece the Trojans opened 
their gates to a certain wooden 

of members to sack their leaders 
in an election. 

But although he says that as 
president W I face election every 
year while committee members 

Yorkshire and an Eton, Sand- 
hurst and Irish Guards back- 
ground, was impeccable for an 
honorary position. He is also, in 
many respects, the t yp i c a l Tory 
knight from the shires, with a 
strong sense of tradition. 

He possesses, thoush. a 
realistic assessment of modem 
requirements. As a landowner be 
has rationalized his estates to 
make them more profitable 
while insisting on the a ainte- 
nance of the co u ntr ysi de. He 

only have one every three . plants 500 trees a year and if a 
years,** there is Bttie doubt that tenant wishes to uproot 400 feet 

during the year he will play a 
forcefol part in the proceolings. 
Tbe presidency, which had be- 
come almost an honorary po- 
sition in the last two decades, is 
reas serti ng to oM power. 

The failure by the Boycott 
group to foresee sneb an out- 
come was perhaps under- 
standable. Mouncgarret’s 
pedigree, with 4,000 acres in 

of hedgerow to mra two un- 
economic fields into one viable 
unit he ensures that a new 
hedgerow is planted elsewhere 

before giving penafesioa. 

Thar is unexceptional for a 
man of bis age (49) and upbring- 
ing- The balloon incident- which 
he now describes as 
“unfortunate,** though be is stiQ 
aggrieved that its pilots, who 

ished the new elections - the 
main Govenfmeig concern - 
while permitting dm existing 
r ep rese nta tives to serve out thdr 
foil term. 

That political subtlety was 
reinforced by a strong sense of 
fair play, “it was totally wrong 
to cut short people's tens when 
they had beat elected and I said 
yon just couldn't do that,” be 

Thal same sense by behind 
his letter to the Yorkshire Post 
opposing foe decision to sack 
Boycott after grautmg him a 
te sti m o n ial and hb subsequent 
decision to vote for Roy 
Ickringftl, foe diehard pro-Boy- 
cott supporter, and against Us 
old friend, Ronnie Burnett, b 
the Harrogate district elections 
bi tbe winter of discontent. 

“I had a lot of friends on the 
old committee.** he explained, 
“hut 1 said they were wrong in 

his appeal undoubtedly oo»-! 
vfneed him that be needed to 
take a firmer hand. Hb political 
aenmeu, as he persuaded aH hot 
a small minority to snpport a 
package of new rales, was 

Nick Phipps wore the 
smile of a well contented man 
after yesterday’s first two prac- 
tice runs on in the Swiss sledge 
he has borrowed from Ekkehard 
Passer for this week's four-man 

competition at the world 
championships, in Kdmgssee, 
West Germany (Chris Moore 

Phipps had one of die fastest 
times over the lower half of the 
l .20 1 -metre trade on his second 
descent, despite one of the 
slowest starts. 

“The difference, between this 
sledge and my own is just 
unbelievable,** said the . 33-year 
old British champion 

Tbe great thing about 
intimidation is that it works. 
Anyone who b Injured win, 
consciously or not be wary foe 
next , time be ts in the same- 
sitnation: the human psyche is, 
after all. in favour of foe snrri ral 
of its host body. Sport b aft 
about recurring situations. 
Wariness ofa situation that once 
brought physical pain can foit h 
a sportsman's career. It b called 
losing your nerve. 

“He came back, bnt be was 
never the same again.** How 
many times does, one bear this . 
said? The sports of physical risk 
give yon a little molehill of fear 
to conquer every time. It fo 
splendidly stimulating. ‘Bnt 
when a traumatic iajary occurs, 
the fear starts to ent the other 
way. You can no longer play the 
g ante. 

There are ways of dealing with 
a sportsman who has lost Ids 
nerve. The first to tbe brutal,aad 

rather effective one; get stntight 

bock ewt there. The very 
insensitivity of tbe approach can 
be cliff ring, I have Seen ma ny 
home people take ifa-hreakfog 
tumbles and ru aw ml to thre w 
their horse ever the same fence; 
they are mate frightened of 
losing their nerve than of an- 
other taJL 



Bat with a more serious fafary 

ora more comprehensively bro- 
ken nerve, such gung-ho meth- 
ods are impossible. Often, fear 
will bn3d up while the player b 
away fro m hb game, and win 
worm its way betw een -him aad 
his competitive confidence. 
There are fears tint this might 
happen to Mike Qmtmg , M ' 
horribly -felled last meek Inr 
Malcolm Marshall. 

-The fidfore of nerve can be the 

Phipps, in fact, was quicker -The failure of nerve 
on the tower section than two of end of the road fa a, 
the Swm drivers, Erich Srfmnrr At best, it can be foe 

and Frcdy Kreis, and only one 
27* hundredth of a second slower 

The opponents tamasmgly than tbe Swiss champion. Ralph 
end themselves oat- PichJcr. 
uoeuned and belated. When “Thai just shows how fast fob 

edumtoa, Reg Kirk, acted sledge is.” added Phipps. -If s 
abttraftj m a dispute with early days yet, but already Tm 
me effect ow remarks by tremendously excited at wiutt 
tffaxm acena ag the Yorkshire we could achieve, especially as 
*? ** C *®* B be was we were taking it -easy at of the 
posed n hb flank. top for the first two runs.” 

Kirk’s sub s eq a ea t resbnatien -TT* one concern, however, is 

foand themselves out- 
manoeuvred and isolated. When 
the chairman, Reg Kirk, acted 
ombterafty ■ a dispute with 
some effect over remarks by 
Botham aocasmg the Yorkshire 
members of racbm he was 
exposed oa hb flank. 

Kirk’s sohseqnat resignation 

of along and diffiodtroaid back. 

John Syce, of the oinnirafiau 
Sporting Bodymtod, has helped 
sportsmen suffering from loss of 
nerve with some success. Among 
these woe a footballer who 
developed a menta! block about 
being tedded from behind, and a 
‘ cricketer strack by a bouncer, ft 
b ody fair that they remain 
anonymous, of course. 

from tbe - riMtwwnthip at whether Phipps and hb AD fed 
Christmas left foe reins fa Steel crew can make the weight 

The player was stopped from 
hatting effectively by his mem- 
ory of being struck. The answer 
was to replace foe had memory 
with a good- one. ■ Syer cm 
om aag n l him to rcpky the 
t raumatic Inddent to mmlt 
foe aame bowls, foe 'same 
impose on fob a false memory of 
how he xhomld have pbyodtfce 
shftiiy, a rice Mfo dnd fad^ 
foatmeete the baO bribe mfcUfe 
With m u ch work, the pho n e y 
memory becomes foe automatic 
response to bounces*. In time, 
the easy confidence of (he 
mu g fasti ou becomes foe ante- 

matte response to a real bouncer 

Moentgartot’s hand* and be bmit of 630 kilos in the much 
seized them eagerly. hesiner Swiss bote They were 

Th- 9i a,. _ outside it yesterday, and if the 

2., worsl *»“« to the worst, 

SSfir 1 2rE *2: P H P pB F My win tove to drop 

haSon 1 riroih££ C iftni r"r foe mi ddle. 

*ZiS£2£££F5£S*!S An a* b m scratch a* 

Saturday leaves htei firmly 

mwhfui **T8|. T ** 

what they were doing, 
.voting for Ickrittrill 

j^tofoe opposition, have lifter replacement.. He has 

.v oting for Kckringia was a 
natural consequence of foot 

y had to 

in Colin 

Peter Ball) 01 

tfw takl. teeU, ud the for or 

needed to hold the baff, bnt he faakhetofoi 

*??* .**■?* «wfcgng aitua- it Syer said: 
tow to which he was under it aO c ome r 
gwpP gy caaTpby top cfoto wWuerreJ 
football fike that. •IdiMthfag.' 

amfrfee of an aaeo d rn gl y cma- 
ptex subgecL There b no “cure*', 
if there b an answer to lam nf 
nems, its* to hr famed to foe 
ptoyer. The psyfoofogbtis task 
btoheip foejriayer to took fee 

iLSytr said: nfaicmeb farad, 

# «l co me s from foe .ncciNn 

m of o 

to fob instrace, ^er founded 
thr more pedestrian, anslytiod 
approach was best - the iefi- 
bratoT techtoqne. This bradved 
simple goal- sctt to g: the player 
deliberately put kWif in the 
feared rituation once h every 
trahung match, apd thee to- 
creased ft t» three times, rad so 

At the same time, Syer taught 
him “mental rehearsal* tech- 
niques: tbe very accmute- recall 
of a specific bertance to the pest 
when be felt totally con fi d ent, 
and tbe feared tit ra tion was 
dealt with as it sbonld be: the 
tackier faradcrina up- behind 

trim, aad the swift aad effective 
sprinting -e v asio n. Abo, tbe 
player, describing fob teddart 
to Syer, said reveafingb: *T was 
exhilarated as I . felt the oppo- 
nent com tog.” Syer encouraged 
Urn to foots on fob key 
“affirmation*’ to the extent « 
writing it on tbe wall of. hb 

. With the batsman hart by foe 
bqnncer, Syer weighted the 
treatment in firvom* of imagi- 
native, intuitive methods; foe 
"^right-brain 7 ’ tedmigne. He yd 
the player to rewrite history. 

The method b called “visual re- 


° 0 ks ini 

■' *.*. i, * 

L*> ljS£> 


{ o si 

. tit! 



! ;. ' ' \ 


The cry for help 
that only 
Whichello can 

* * *.v*-uvi iO i?ou 


>>* S^«\ ■* / » I 


By Rex Bellamy ,T ennts Correspondent 
Richard Whichello. of WhirhAllftV 

Richard Whichello. of 
Kent, aged 1 8, was beaten 7-5. 
6-0 by Christian Bergstrom, of 
Sweden, two months his ju- 
nior. in the concluding 
"Masters” tournament of the 
Lawn Tennis Association's 
five-week satellite series at the 
PayK* Lloyd Sports Club, 
Wallington. yesterday; The 
odd thing was that from 2-5 
down Bergstrom won 1 1 con- 
secutive games at a cost of 
only 12 points without having 
to play his best tennis. 

Whichello evidently has a 
problem between the ears. For 
seven games he was the better 
player and at 5-3 he served for 
the set Instead of impressing 

Whichello's deficiencies in 
that area — his aptitude for the 
game had initially been obvi- 
ous — that left him on the 
wrong end of a humiliating 

In today's semi-finals 
Bergstrom's opponent will be 
Olivier Delaitre. aged 18, who 
has beaten two seeds in 
straight sets. Delaitre comes ! 
from Metz and packs almost j 
1 1st into his 5ft 7V6in. Yester- 
day. he never had a break- 
point against him and beat 
Gram Connell (Canada) by 6- 
4, 6-4. “He has a big serve”. 
Delaitre said later, “But this 
court is not so fast” 

Delaitre has admirable 

his authority on his opponent, ground-strokes but prefers 
he served a double-fault and hard courts to s hale . “I like to 

made two errors on the fore- 
hand and one on the hack- 
hand. In the next game a line 
decision upset him and after 
thai he simply played shots: he 
had ceased to play rallies. 

Many players under stress 
tend to seek an excuse for 
losing — line decisions, the 
court surface, the nature of the 
balls, or what you witL 
Whichello is rather good at 
that. Natural winners react 
differently. When everything 
seems to be going wrong they 
tell themselves: “To hell with 
it — FU win anyway.” 
Whichello is not like that. Not 
yet. anyway. 

Whichello is coached, part- 
time. by Chris Bradnam, who 
said after yesterday’s match: 
“Relative to what he has done 
in the past, Richard has made 
a major step forward on this 
circuit. The problem — and 
everybody including RichanL 
is aware of it — is to increase 
his tolerance on a conscious 
level, to endure when things 
are not going right Personally, 

I feel that it's a erv for help 
when he reacts the way he did 
to that line calL He seemed to 
lose interest in the match. The 
question is, why?” 

Ultimately only Whichello 
himself can answer that ques- 

go to the net, to play 
offensively”, he said. “I hate 
to play top-spin, it's so 

The other semi-final fea- 
tures two Dutchmen who 
often swap shots: Jan Willem 
Lodder and Freddie Sauer. 
The latter was born in South 
Africa, settled in the United 
States for a while, but became 
a Dutch citizen last month. 
Sauer is easy to pick oat 
because his socks come in two 
shades of blue (the relevant 
sporting goods company did 
not send him any white ones). 
Yesterday he beat Randy 
Vigmostad (United States) by 
6-1. 6-1. Lodder. a noisy lad. 
had a more arduous 7-6, 7-6 
win over Morten Christensen 

A filial note on Bradnam, 
who coaches the latest recruit 
to Britain's Davis Cup team, 
Nick Fulwood. These two are 
Britain's national doubles 
champions and had provi- 
sionally agreed to defend the 
title and also enter Wimble- 
don as a team. But Fulwood 
has since formed a sound 
partnership with a Davis Cup 
colleage. Jeremy Bates, and. 
consequently has an embar- 
rassing choice to make. 
Bradnam's sense of humour is 

Law Report February 26 1986 

Harsh results of 
dismissal rule 

Bollard and Another 
Marchanf and Another 

holding' that even if the changes 
in the terms of their employ- 

Before Mr Justice Gibson. Mr ment effected by the transferee 
W. L Kendall and Mr G. A. on June 24 were in breach of 

Peers their previous contracts, the 

[Judgment given February 19] applicants had waived those 
The operation of regulation breaches by continuing to work . 
5(2) of the Transfer of Under- for their new employer for four PJ 
takings (Protection of Employ- weeks. . , . % 

ment) Regulations (SI 1981 No . The employees appealed cit- r 
1 794) so as to deem a dismissal ip& Fenton v Stablegoia Ltd y 
to have been effected by the U 19861 1RLR 64) as authority - 

transferee of a business where for the proposition that where 
the dismissal occurred before' an undertaking was transferred 
transfer might in some circum- and there was a dismissal at the 

stances lead to harsh results, and time of the transfer followed by ~ 
it was desirable that the true re-engagemem and a subsequent a . 
construction of that regulation dismissal it was possible to r 
should receive consideration by claim compensation for unfair - 
a higher court. dismissal in respect of both 

The Employment Appeal Tri- dismissals, and that the tribunal 
bunal so stated in allowing had made no finding as to the , 
appeals by Valerie Eileen Wil- unfairness or otherwise of the J 
lard and Ann Roberta Wilton dismissals of June 21. 
against a decision of a London The tribunal bad erred in not 
industrial tribunal dismissing finding the June 21 dismissals to 
their claims for compensation be automatically unfeir pursu- “ 
for unfair dismissal against Mr ant to regulation 8(1) of the 1981 ■ 

L. Martha nt and Mr B.I. Patel. Regulations. The exceptions in ^ 
The 1981 Regulations pro- regulation 8(2) did not apply, 
vide, by regulation 5: “(I) A Who was to be liable in " 
relevant transfer shall not op- respect of that dismissal? It was •' 
erate so as to terminate the clear that regulation 5 was h 
contract of employment of any introduced to implement EEC f 
person employed by the Iran*- Council Directive 77/187. \ 

feror in the undertaking but Regulation 5 was designed to j* 

any such contract which would negate the principle that an 
otherwise have been terminated employee's contract of employ- ' 
by the transfer shall have effect mem terminated automatically - 
alter the transfer as if originally on the transfer of the employee's - 
made between the person so undertaking. £. 

Aintree fortune hunters: Robin Cow and his Grand National hope. Sommelier (Photograph: lan Stewart) 

Sommelier can turn tide for Gow 

employed and the transferee. 

In the absence of authority. 

In the second of a series fea- 

prospect lo » v our ™ Quare 
Hours, who won four novice 
chases that season (he gave 
c ^ ance ' Gow his first success when he 
sommelier. won at Lei^^) and went l0 

Lack is often personified as as full > 

a Mu hi,i hv loiiina . 1 , expected to dominate his n- 

Rota &w vai » in lht H “« 

irainM- iSf Chase and stamp himself as a 

trainer. (Jow has taken so many m„,; „ ■ 

slaps during his short career that 
you feel he must be something 
of a masochist even to think .of 

winning the Grand National s y iJ 8g' e P 3 ^ ^j e P 0 ^ ,n 
- rh P^ce; seconds later they were 

wth his eighi-yearoki, Somme- devastated ^ he 

was at least the comfort of pnsingly. lack of success is 
another, possibly even better causing morale to flag. 

lier " 

p^rhar« rtrnu'c iuii.fn~.Tui ,*■ fro™ * heart attack and died, 
an ^ unf °riunafc Gow must 

S2“ l fe!S!a»5tt£ 

of Dame Fortune's favourite 

sons. Certainly, one solitary ^2! 

winrv»r AVfrall anH lhrp*» hrrtlron 8 0in 8 thrOUgh the neXt tWO 

imilMTII LOU dlQWCI Utai ULO- „„„ c ... c U. 

tion and respond to the cry for 

help. Bradnam and others can “'ijf ‘SfL K 3" 

do no more than re-read the 
books on psychology and offer 
Whichello such advice as they 
can. Tennis, in singles any- 
way. is a lonely game and 
competitive ability is at least 
50 per cent character. U was.. 

to Nick. But he has to realise 
that the price of his lessons 
will double if he chooses to 
play with Jeremy.” 

QUARTER-FINALS: c Bergstrom (Sw 0 )bt 
R Wwnefo (GB), 7-5.6-0; O Defctftra (Ft) 
« G Connell (Can). 6-4 6-4; J Ladder 
(N*») M U Cnnstensen (Den). 7-6 7-6; F 
Saw* (Nefe>t*fl4Agmo3tad (US). &1.6-V 

winner overall and three broken 
collar-bones in a period of six 
.months did convince him that 
he ought to forget about riding 
horses and concentrate on 
training them instead. 

Gow then secured a job as 
assistant trainer to Derek 
Kentand when Kent suddenly 

seasons. Hard Outlook, whom 
Wales had trained to finish 
third behind Grittar in the 

Broke down on 
road to Aintree 

1982 National, broke down so 


Sins of omission 

By a Special Correspondent 

The extraordinarily high qua!- much of the season — until there 
ily of the players England now were disagreements with Dow- 

decided to move to Hong badly as he was being prepared 
Kong he answered an adver- for another crack at Aintree 
tisement in The Sporting Life that he had to be put down, 
fora private trainer to Andrew The very useful Henry Bish- 

. Wales, a member of the op, whom Sir Ronald Wales 
wealthy building family. With switched from Josh Gifford's 
Wares providing everything stable to Gow, won hand- 
for him on the family farm at somely for his new trainer at 
Beare Green, including a sup- the first time of asking, but 
plv of band-picked young then he. too. broke down 
horses from Ireland, the irreparably while being pre- 

regard as surplus To their inter- ney over travelling arrange- 

□ational requirements is mcnls. 

emphasized by the seedings 

Wap providing everything stable to Gow, won hand- age l0 win ovcr hurdles at 
for him on the family form at somely for his new trainer at Cheltenham in his first sea- 

^ are «? I 1!! 1 'j 71 ^ l i? , I ,gasup " H) c ,,mc of u as , kjn *: bul son. Then, when Gow took 
ply of tand-picfced young then ht too broke down over, he swiftly pocketed two 
horses from Ireland, the irreparably while being pre- novice chases and last season, 
world, -it seemed, was truly, pared for the Foxhunters at afler tipping up al lhe lasl 
Gow s, oyster, pie reality, Cheltentem Perhaps most fence a t Leicester when hold- 
IhougLnpaueJIydiffCTenL gtllingofaJL though, was King fog a IWength advantage over 
Every time Gow mol to Ba-Ba, who showed Gold Cup Smith’s Man, he worT three 
pnse the oyster open the Fates potential when fratshmg_an races on lhc ^ inc i udinE a 

So, the burden of expecta- 
tion resting on the powerful 
frame of Sommelier could 
hardly be greater. Only an 
outright victory by this talent- 
ed eight-year-old in the 
world’s greatest steeplechase 
may be enough to keep him in 
business. Gow admits. 

Gow, who manfully shrugs 
off his dire misfortune as “just 
one of those things”, is. de- 
spite everything, confident 
enough to venture the opinion 
that Sommelier is sure to run 
really well on his best form 
and that he should be half his 
current odds 

Indeed he has already waded 
in to take advantage of the 
bookmakers’ generosity. 

Sommelier's record con- 
firms that his investment 
might just be gilt-edged. 
Bought from Tom Costello, 
the Irish trainer, from whom 
the Wales acquire many of 
their horses. Sommelier is a 
full brother to Bective Road, 
winner of 12 races in Ireland. 
Like most of the Wales horses, 
he was bought as a long-term 
chasing prospect and has been 
allowed plenty of time to 

Nevertheless, he did man- 
age to win over hurdles at 
Cheltenham in his first sea- 
son. Then, when Gow took 
over, he swiftly pocketed two 
novice chases and last season. 

touch of a button. Gow is fully : 
aware of this and that is why | 
maximum use will be made of 
his limitless stamina at Liver- 

Gow has little doubt that 
the horse will be warming to 
his task when other are out 
cold. “The further he goes the 
better he goes,” he says, 
adding that every drop of rain 
that foils between now and 
April 5 will be like manna 
from heaven for Sommelier. 

This equable chestnut (“I 
could happily put my four- 
year-old son on him.” Gow 
says) has another priceless 
asset to supplement his stay- 
ing power — rock-solid 
jumping.“He could jump 
round Aintree blindfolded.” 
Gow says. He has fallen only 
once in his career and the 
trainer points out that he has 
the intelligence and agility to 
avoid anything that falls 

During the freeze, the train- 
er has been driving Sommelier 

Gallops on sand at 
Hayling Island 

"til Without prejudice to the court would have read ,_ 
paragraph (!) above, on the 'regulation 5 as designed to- deal n 
completion of a relevant tram- only with contracts of employ- “J 
fer - (a) all the transferor’s . . . ment which were automatically m 
liabilities under or in connec- terminated by a transfer which ■;} 
lion with any such contract, was a relevant transfer under the *' 
shall be transferred by virtue'of regulations, and as not applying 
this Regulation to the transferee; where termination was effected _■ 
and (b) anything done before the before the transfer, because in J 
transfer is completed by or in such a case the transfer would 1 
relation to the transferor in not have operated so as to - r 
respect of that contract or a terminate the contract ol ' 
person employed in thru under- employment “ 

taking . . . shall be deemed to The court would have read 1 
have been done by or in relation regulation 5(2) as dealing with ■ 
to the transferee.” the “nuts and bolts” of regula- 1 

Mr Neil Cameron, instructed I'on 5(1 ), and as applying there- * 
by the Free Representation f° re only in relation to contracts ‘ 
Unit for the employees; the which would otherwise have * 

employers in person. 

been terminated by lhe transfer. 

MR JUSTICE GIBSON said and not to contracts terminated . ] 
that the employees had been before transfer, 
dismissed on June 21, 1985 The consequences of leading * 
immediately prior to the leans- regulation 5(2) in a way which 1 
fer on June 24 of the business in would effect the contracts' ter- 1 
which they were employed. mination shortly before transfer ' 
They began employment with might be harsh, as it was here, 
the new employer on the day of The approach the court would 
the transfer, having been offered have preferred to adopt was 
employment two days pre- consistent with the dicta of Mr 
viously. They worked for the Justice Browne-Wilkinson in 
transferee until July 22 when Premier Motors (Medway) Ltd v ‘ 
they left on the ground that they Total Oil Great Britain Ltd 
were not satisfied with the new ([1984] I WLR 377. 382). 

conditions, and claimed that Howevei 
they had been constructively considered 
dismissed. „ 

However, the issue was fullv 
nsidered in the Apex and 

u'sm'ssea. Fenton cases. Regulation 5 

The tribunal found that the could apply u> a contract of 
effective date of termination of employment even though it 
lhc employees contracts of might have been terminated 
employ ment was June - 1 . 1 985, before the transfer of the under- 

employment was June 2 1 . 1 985. 
that the dismissal was effected 
by the transferor, and that for 


In those circumstances 

relrased vestwriav for the ) nese icinfl of arguments have 
world's best-known tour- ./r K. J”? 

namenL the Yonex all-England 
championships, at Wembley 

ZZh likely to be excluded from the 

1,0X1 monlh ‘ European team events as well as 

The highest seedmgs for home the Thomas and Uber 
players in the three doubles Cups.However, both have re- 
events are all achieved by ceived two seedmgs at the all- 
combinations which wil] almost England, 
certainly not to be included in to n^n-the 

repTKentative teams for the mjxed doubles she won with 
forthcoming European Scotland's Billy Gilliland last 
championships by the new Erv- ^ while and G iOian , 
gland manager. Jake Downey. Gilks. who won it the year 
The latest addition to a before; are seeded five to eight, i 
notable sequence of omissions as are Dew and Dipak Tailor in 
was indicated when Downey the men's doubles. A further 
and the squads returned from irony is that the heavy-hitting, 
lhc Thomas and Uber Cup but occasionally heavy-footed 
European Zone finals in West Nigd Tier, who was dropped 
Germany on Monday and the during the Thomas Cup last 

though, was cruelly different. 

Every time Gow tried to 
prise the oyster open the Fates 
would conspire to prevent 
him grasping the peari inside. 
The nightmare began just six 
j weeks after he had moved into 
Henfold Farm when the high- 
ly-rated Henfold Lad, winner 
of two novice chases when 
trained by Wales the previous 
season, was killed by a tony 
coming round a bend on the 
wrong side of the road. 

As the shock wave of that 
early trauma died down there 

potential wnen rimming an races on lhc ^ inc | ud fo g a 
unlucky third in foe Sun victory over West Tip. 

Alliance Chase at the Festival, 
but whose legs also gave oul 

This season, after sluicing 
home at Windsor on his 

Gow has now reached the second outing, he was a shade 
point where he is seriously disappointing when he foded 
constdennggiving up framing. on ^ mn . in . having ^ 
The Wales fomily are the most ^ng in contention at the last 

loyal employee and their 
patience appears to know no 
bounds, but although the 30- 
year-old Scot still maintains a 

in the Brooke Bond Oxo 
National at Warwick. 

This last run revealed, per- 
haps. the greatest flaw in 

remarkably chirpy demean- Sommelier's make-up— the in- 
our. you sense that, not sur- aWily to accc | era i e at the 

down to Hayling Island with 
two stable companions from 
his 1 2-horse siring to gallop on 
the sands. “He loves it.” Gow 
says.“And I'm sure he’s better 1 
than ever now.” 

Nevertheless. Gow is anx- 
ious to give Sommelier one 
more run before the big one. 

It is hoped that in the 
absence of Sommelier's regu- 
lar partner. Anthony Webber, 
who is likely to be claimed for 
Knock Hill, Colin Brown will 
take the mount in the Nation- 

On the trainer's past Form 
you cannot help wondering 
whether it will all end in 
disaster again. Yet there is 
more than a sneaking suspi- 
cion that this time the tide of 
fortune may finally turn in 
Gow’s favour. After all, even 
losers, they say, get lucky 

the purposesofthe 1981 Regula- 5pj le Q f doubts it was proper lo 
tions they were ernployed in the hold that, as the tribunal found, 
business immediately before the foe contracts were deemed ro be 
_ , . , . terminated by the transferee. 

In the hghi of regulation 5 and . fr ^ to be hoped that the 
of Apex Leisure Hire v Barron 

hoped that the 

D.ns rrom or Apex uxsuk Hire r Barron tnJC construction of regulation 5 
gallop on — 4) the tribunal would receive further consul- 

it.” Gow found lhat on completion of the eiarion by a higher court. The 
e’s better transfer, the employees con- appellants were unfairly dis- 
i™-»c of employment — — • ■ — — 

missed on June 21. 1985. Those 

J; 0 .. . e ^ een ,cr : dismissals were deemed to have 
ttansf ?**'- and b“ n effected by the transferee, 
dismissed their applications. The appeals would be allowed. 

Dry rot concealed by 
seller’s fraud 

Gordon and Another v Seiko and could property both be 
Co Ltd and Another n« d **> have participated in the 

Before Lord Justice Slade. Lord Pf ' 

Justice Woolf and Sir Denys * n Thlrd 

Buckley unable Building Society v Bor- 

[Judgmcnl given February 19] dlrry ([1941] 2 All ER 205.220). £ 

The general principle, caveat The defendants had argued *■ 
emptor. had no application that the plaintiffs had not acted^ 
where a purchaser had been on their deceit, having relied 
induced by fraud to enter a upon their own surveyor’s re- a 
contract of purchase. port. The defendants had re- 

Guineas sponsors back extra race Bleak outlook 

General Accident the ins nr- three prestigious races which 
ance company, have renewed occupy a position of great 
,he J r ^ n, ° SP 00501- i importance within the imer- 
and -000 Guineas until 1988, national breeding industry." 

manager was involved in a short week, also has two seeding 
conversation with Diana Troke, positions, in the men's and 
the mother and manager of mixed doubles. 

Helen Troke, the European, 

Commonwealth, and national - Jrr fi nn , 

champion. Mravma&LMnnttMH.8vu 

Mis Troke. who has always i r radari tac n (dwjL p 

made it known how keen she is 

to play doubles, has apparently M SWBh (Mafeyaa), m 

not been included in this event «|a^rssa#QLEs:i. k LarsenjDenfc 2. 
in the European championships o Ping (China); 3-4. Kim Ylm-ttfS Kor). H 
where, admittedly, she may find s Fund (»*«{. g 

ii difficult to retain her singles C 

title. i*eS-S DOUSLES: t. Wm t*xjvSoo and 

However, sbe and Nora Perry. 

and they will also sponsor the 

Jockcv Club Stakes for the first H ong KongfReuter) - A se- 
time this year-As a nsult of the 0 i O r official of foe Royal Hong 

Cartoon (0 

»1.M Frost (D«nt 2.8YU 
r radan T a e n (Deni P 

3LES:1. K LarsenfDonfc 2. 
34. Kim YUrvtoJS Kor). H 
- 8 , S Fame! (0*181. G 
I). S (dads (Japwq. C 

1. Kkn MooivSoo and 

n* ^°f* cey Kong Jockey Club, which runs 

Slakes tlte Group two race run horse racing in the colony, has 
on the middl e day o f the three- been sacked in connection with 
dayGiuneas meeting -will be foe worst race scandal here in 
increased in value to £35,000. years. Brian Sullivan, an Austra- 

General Accident's commit- 

ment to racing now totals £lm . stewa™. a dub 

_ . . The prospect of racing's blank 

Britain, were suspended, nine of spell continuing thro ugh until 
them for foe rest of the season, next week looks increasingly 
Meanwhile, the leading Euro- likely. The Ludlow meeting 
pean riders. Lester Piggoti. Pat scheduled for tomorrow was 
Eddery. Willie Carson, and called off yesterday and stew- 
Yves Saint- Martin, have ar- ards will inspect at Lbagfield 
rived for the third round of the Park, tomorrow's other setied- 
Riu Club Challenge Trophy tiled card, at 10 am today, and 
which begins today. look virtually certain to roll it 

Gordon and Another v Seiko 
Co Ltd and Another 
Before Lord Justice Slade. Lord 
Justice Woolf and Sir Denys 

[Judgment given February 19] 

The general principle, caveat 
emptor. had no application 
where a purchaser had been 
induced by fraud to enter a 
contract of purchase. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in a reserved judgment, substan- 
tially dismissing an appeal by 
the defendants. Selico Co Ltd 
and Select Managements Ltd. 
from an order or Mr Justice 
Goulding. who, on January 29, 

1 985. had held them liable to the 
plaintiffs. Mr Jack Leonard 
Gordon and Miss Anya 
Teixeira. in damages for deceit, 
in fraudulently concealing the 

fused to give any warranty 
regarding the condition of the . 
fiat and the plaintiffs had agreed if 
to purchase on that basis. 

Clause 4(2Xa) of the Law . 
Society's General Conditions of ■ 
Sale, which applied to the sale, 
imputed to the plaintiffs full 
notice of the actual state and 
condition of the fiat Thus, it 

Thomas U I 


a former alJ- England women’s 
doubles champion, are seeded wo* 
together ro the five to eight 

Park Joo-Bong (5 Korea). BdMi wadK 
6-8. M Dew and D Tailor. A Goodo and N 

over five years, i^echaimian of ^«man said 
group* Gordon Simpson, Twenty-two 
said: “Many people may not rested last weel 
realise that General Accident with suspected r 
holds a large slice of the (il.Tnnnlh nm 

which begins today. look virtually ce rtain to **”11 ft 


Colt for Soba 

„ . . e „ meetings - Newbwy(9.0 today), 

Soba the former top spnmer Southwell(J2.0 today) and 
has given forth to her second Haydock Park(no time). 

presence of dry rot in a flat prior Smith v Hughes ((1871) 6 QB 
to its demise to the plaintiffs. 597) prevented the plaintiffs, 
and for breach of repairing complaining of any mis-> 
covenants in the lease, and had representation. 

Twenty-two people were ar- 
rested last week in connection 
with suspected race fixing after a 

has given 
foal at 

Sangster’s The situation is no better la 

category m the women's doubles 
ar Wembley - , and bad been 
hoping to play together for 

Pony and HTrcfce^QCtak and G Gowers. 
MIXED DOUBLES; 1, BGMand and Parry 
Britts* seeds: 2, Tier and 
Gowers: 68. Daw and GGflfcs. 


An extended season 
looks inevitable 

By Keith Macklm 

An extended season, forced by 
recent league and cup match 
postponements, seems in- 
c\ liable. The management 
committee will today discuss 
proposals forsocb an 
extensioiubearing in mind dial 
the premiership final has a fixed 
date. May IS. at EUand Road. 

There arc one or two options 
open to the committee, but- the 
sensible decision wouW appear 
to be that dubs should be 
allowed to fit in postponed 
league games after the Challenge 
Cup final at Wembley on May 3. 

Wigan arc confidently “P***' 

Her. . ance market, and we are de- 

lighted to link our name with 

Reny end H Trck^G CtarV and G Gowers. — . 

MIXED DOUBLES: 1, BGMand and Perry • 

ffiS&’sr JSSi r “ “ Gnd-iron game 

is on its 
way to Britain 

Sporting history will be made 
on Tyneside this summer with 
foe first British tour by an All- 
American grid-iron football 
team. Organizers were meeting 
-w with officials of Newcastle 

Macklm United yesterday to discuss 

„ • _ staging the first game at their 

schoolboys' team will tour En- ground. St. James' Park. 

r ** • fc * a squad of 70 players from 

the Blue Devils college team 
from Central Connecticut State 

. j — o — — r — . University are hoping io flyout 

undisputed world youth ebam- j n Jqqc to lake on British sides 
pious and have never lost an who are helping to ™yr the 
international match. Last erid-mm game the fastest grow- 
September they won both games mg sport in Europe. 

holds a large slice of the six-month probe by the m- 
International bloodstock insur- dependent commission against 


CooImooreStud in Ireland. The Ireland where today’s scheduled 
foaL a chestnut coll by Be My programme at Leopardstown 
< f ie5 b , ^ S cS C ^ b0d8Sfit S ,d waT called off yesterday.The 
Sr°i!Si ^2r i? 0fa TT. owrier ' ^3 card will now be nm on Monday, 
Munal Hills. The mare will March 3- The fate of the 

jockeys, remain in Ireland to be covered 

including Bruce Raymond, of fay Sadler's Wells. 

Tipperary card to m orro w hinges 
on ah inspection at Zfrptn today. 

ordered specific performance of 
those covenants. 

Mr James Sunnucks for the 
defendants; Mr Jonathan Brock 
for the plaintiffs. 

delivering the judgment of ihc 
court, said that the sc-, -nd 
defendant, which managed the 
flats as agent for the first 
defendant, had instructed a 
building contractor who did 

most of his work for the second clause 4(2Xa). 

Both cases were distinguish- . 
able because in neither had the 
defendant done anything to * 
disguise the quality of the goods . 
purchased. [- 

On the facts found in this case 
regarding foe fraudulent mis- . 
representation, it was no answer - 
lo say that the plaintiffs could 
have discovered the truth or 
were content to purchase with- 1 
out warranty or were subject lo 

Book review 

defendant to do any work to . Ever 
bring foe plaintiffs' flat “up to a tion tin 
very good standard for the aware 
purpose of selling" prior to the misrep: 

Even if at the date of comple- 
tion the plaintiffs had been folly 
aware of the fraudulent 
misreprenseniation. it would . 

Skating in the shadows 

lease being granted to the plain- not have precluded them from 
tiffs. affirming the contract and seek- 

The contractor had covered tog die appropriate relief (but 
up dry rot, and it was conceded not rescission^ see Campbell v 

gland in November at the „ W1 fV 

invitation of the British Ama- j ^ Ovils 

teur Rugby League Association. I from Central Cm 
The young Australians are the 

in foe two-match series against 

the highly promising New Zea- 

land junior side. The seven- Tyn^des new gnd-nun side. 

land junior side. The seven- 
match tour will include two 
international matches, against 

the Newcastle Senators, who 
attracted a crowd of 3,500 on 

trig a crowd approachiira 30.000 

for the second round Sd* 

Challenge Cup game aaimst Si 
Helens on March 9. or March S 
if the march is chosen for 
televnaon. Sr Helens struggled 
to reach the second round. 

° C Xhe UI uiidefeaied Australian 

Great Britain and five regional when fog 

games, most likely against Cum- 
bria. North-West Counties. 

West Yorkshire. . Humberside a “ rs 
and the Upper Schools and w 

Colleges team, BUSCARLA. s ^ ch a crowd on a wnters 
The Australians proved them- 

selves so much superior to the m “f", ,nieTcst is m the 

British schoolboys on their last • 

visit that the Rugby League's Leeds United's stadium at 

national coach. PhD Larder, will 
join amateur coaches in search- 
ing for young talent, and prepar- 
ing them for the matches. 

Ellaad Road wDl be used for 
several American football 
matches this summer on Sun- 
day afternoons. 

Bearing a well-known name 
can be a burden for a young- 
ster. Sir Peter Scot t, young 
Stanley Matthews and others 
dealt with the problem by 
taking np sports unconnected 
with their fathers. The late 
Donald Campbell, on the 
other hand, spent his life 
trying to continue Sir 
Malcolm's record-breaking ca- 

For Nicholas Mark Slater, ft 
had to be the Campbell solu- 
tion. In the early 1950s. before 
he was bom, his parents. John 
Slater and Joan Dewhirst, 
three times won the British ice 
dance title and were silver 
medallists in the world cham- 

More than 30 years later, 
Nicholas followed in their 
skate-tracks: he and Karen 
Barber became British cham- 
pions on November 16 last 

Now they tell their story in 
Spice on Ice (Sidgwick and 
Jackson, £8.95), with the help 
of Sandra Stevenson. An expe- 

rienced show skater herself, they ha 
Miss Stevenson became skat- the shat: 
ing correspondent of The rivals f 
Guardian in 197!. pher De 

Armed with her tape-re- ,.,7^, 
corder, she seems to have 
interviewed everyone even f"‘ p t* 
remotely connected with 
Slater and Miss Barber. 

A large proportion of the publicity 
book's 210 pages consists of sure on. 

they have felt themselves in 
the shadow of their illustrious 
rivals and friends, Christo- 
pher Dean and Jayne TorviiL 
They were runners-up to 
them in the British champion- 
ship six times, and when, at 
last, they became champions 
in their own right, public 
expectation and widespread 
publicity put too much pres- 

thai that amounted to a know- Fleming (( 1 834) ] a Sl E 40). 
iogly false representation that The unusual lease contained a 

the flat did not suffer from dry comprehensive system of cov- 
roL which bad been intended to enants and trusts providing for 
deceive foe plaintiffs and had repair and maintenance, 
done so to their detriment Although where a written 

In considering whether, on tenancy agreement relating to a - 
the basis of die evidence, to fiat manifestly did not embody 
draw foe inference that the the complete agreement be- 

controfling shareholder in the 
second defendant, and through 
him the second defendant itself, 
was folly aware of foe deception 

Pendant, and through 
rond defendant itself. 

tween the parties, foe court 
might well be willing to supple- 
ment the document by implying 
terms {Liverpool City Council r 

their own words. This gives 
immediacy and vividness to 
the story. 

Their beautiful “Dragon 
dance” brought them no med- 
als and they were fourth in 

and therefore liable for it, it was lr*'in ((1977] AC 239)). No 
permissible for the court to have additional term relating to re- 

successfully with Kathryn 
Winter, with whom he won 
the 1 976 International Skating 
Union junior championship 

Persistent quarrels led both 
couples to break up and Nicky 


Now they have split up, 
Karen lo join the 
Dean/Torvill ice show, Nicky 
to marry a non-skater, Mary- 
Jo McGirr. 

Perhaps a new happiness 

regard io the fen that foe 
defendants without any 
explanation had failed to call 
that shareholder who could 
have given highly material ev- 
idence on that point. 

The court would draw that 

pair and maintenance would be 
implied, since the court was 
satisfied lhat all parties had 
intended the scheme to provide 
a comprehensive repair and 
maintenance code and no fur- 
ther term was necessary lo give 

and Karen formed their part- nwaits them but somehow it 
nersbip!<i May 1977. Trained, seems a pianissimo end for 

inference, and the second defeo- *6e lease business efficacy, 
dam was liable for foe fraudu- The plaintiffs were entitled to 
lent misrepresentation, which, orders for the execution of the 
despite its falsity, was within the trusts and for specific perfor- 
aclual or ostensible authority mance of the covenants, in 
conferred on it by foe first addition to damages for deceit 


and breach of covenant, but not ’ 

ai first, by his mother, Joan 
Slater, they came under the 
more relaxed tutelage of Jim- 
my Young in 1981. ' 
Throughout their career. 

this bright. lively couple who 
brought humour to the solem- 
nity of championships with 
their Charlie Chaplin number. 

Dennis Bird 

In those circumstances, the *9 damages for breach of trust, 
first defendant was, on the since the obligation of a default- 
principles ia Armagas Ltd v ing trustee was strictly that of 
Mundogas Ltd ([1985] 3 WLR accounting by way of restitution 
640). vicariousy liable for the to foe trust estate, rather than 
deceit. that qf paying da mages . 

Both defendants stood to Solicitors: Drnces & Attlee; 
gain, and had gained from the Getnuey Levine &. Co. 






















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Conveyancing by City Solicitors 

For buying or sdling your home in ihe usual 
way. wc charge £280 (+ VAT. and disburee- 
mcnis) for prices up lo £60,000. Phase 
telephone us for a quotation on figures higher 
than that. We can also help you find a 



TELEPHONE: 01-248 0551 

Where Sir Percy ; : 
first made 
a big splash : 

High CfeiaffyrCrockham Hfll, Kent, is- an' 
miposing country hcsjseset in grounds of 
more than five acres which contains one 
of the first private swimming, pools W the 
country. The house was butt Jn 1909 for 
Sir Percy MacKinnon and has panoramic 
vwws over the Weald. The pool was built 

hi 1914 and is now a large, oval fish potid. A 

previous owner of the house was a 



Amidst beautiful landscaped gardens, a stone's throw from the Heath 
yet only minutes from the heart of the capital, stands St. Regis Heights, 
a selection of exclusive 2 and 3 bedroom apartments, duplexes and 
penthouses. There are S luxuriously appointed flats, and 2 penthouses 
each with their own sun decks. Some command spectacular views over 
Hampstead and beyond. There are 1 1 superb duplexes each arranged 
on 2 levels, some with their own conservatory and courtyard others 
with their own circular terraces. St. Regis Heights also offers 
underground car parking, a video securin’ entry system plus 2 modem 
lifts each serving generally only one or two apartments per floor. 

Prices from £350,000. 

Sole selling agent- 

Anscombe& Ringland 

55 Hesh Street Hampsiead London NW36UG 

Tel: 01-7941151 

Big mortgage or small, 
you’re equally welcome 
with the Woolwich. 


Oirr Z20QMI1 n £340,000 
Trir charm « an EnoiMt 
Country House wiihtn an rV- 
mnl and various apartment 
5 mint from I hr Pracocta 
Ad Orangery Of Holland 
Park. Largo rrooMrt Hall. 

Drawing Room 22TI t 15 II. 

1 Wary ■tfurty 2m x ISO. 

dinning room, original work- 
ing nmum. 

Kiirtinn BnuUM mn IQ. 

2 3 rerrpbom. 3.4 m 
room stunning rn uiiir 
dirgdng room nuruk batti- 
room. 2nd teuwoorn iRoom 
lor 3rdl Cloakroom. uUllIy. 
romnaunal gardens. nortnr 
Mr. entry phono 

T*I|I||| ■ 01-402 ms 


ARTfST’S/oitbitccis Siu- 
itin (Dtp; Dmmnf room. 1 
hrtlnL by .South Kensington 


Hjcfeca tm period flat 


Hammcrvnuh Freehold Pe- 
riod House. »»od garden, 

01-730 9937 

RUualnl In Jn r-xcvllml In 
ration wlUiwi a Irw min. o t 
Fleet Siren and I hr Trrn- 
Wr A wwl anoomird ant- 
bed apanraenl with luxury 
Mil am Kll in Uils well 
run block -ajpohea with ah 
'ra.tres I nr rmdcnl por- 

Larue Victorian Irrrared 
hauw. Hunr oolniUal. moy 
mod 4 dtur beds. 1 bam. 1 
rtoak. dMr neren 12TB" x 
12*1 l''l. klirhen dining arm 
■ 20‘S - g ll*4"i 60 n garden. 
All original realism. raarMr 
lirrplarm etc. 


01 937 1000 loam 3pm. 

:■ "ficT: \ v ' >5 

I*-!*'" - ■ «v ’■ 

Money is available immediately, for all kinds of borrowers buying all 
kinds of houses. Everyone pays the same rate of interest And everyone is 

given the same speedy service. So don't make a move without the 

Woolwich. Well aim to make you an offer in about a week. 

Interest rates may van-. Security is required. For written information 
please contact any Woolwich branch or DepL AA, Woolwich Equitable 
Building Society. Equitable House, Woolwich. London 
SE186AB. r u ]nr vj ] 

Our mortgages are easier to lire with. WOOLWICH 


Are jm a Fbsi Tine 
Bayer or Hoeing Son? 

"tfependen agency wrote 
'Of Ihe buyer run lt» selto 
HHnbere buying Iv the first 
lime n rnomg house, can save 
hassle and hundreds of pants 
on morqage payments and oltier 
d»ts Prawd m me Fmaioai 
rimes |!7 Nun 19841. Observer 
{IB July 19841. Daft Mad 128 
Jan 19851 etr 

Phone or write iw a bee ieatlel. 

W Seynow Plate. Landoe HI 
Tefepkoee 01-723 S081 

i i * 1 1 n i 


** pened Iwusc 4 

I* iiixn, 5 tains fvCDai 7g^i 

it H juVi £710.000. 

*WT7. Unr. » Hyde- Part 3 «« 3 
■■■Ur. : to»s .jge F/H £304,000 
NWO. Short low ikx£H. arano-i r. 
lib J l iwm SrC bn £ 120,000 
T«t 01-499 4010 

I baking la ouv a rauw or 1147 
Call us. w<> ran uir you Itnv- 
•lint monev 

Ol OOM |6ll * Of fire tvourai 

W1 Ige lm»Mr J IM nws. cMe 
rrrpm kil. ball) pfus dudy. 
OHei^ Clog.OOO ono 01 486 
47 U can and Lawrence 

VALE W9 Snpnti condU. 
IW. immed ore. 
VOO.OOO Das Id Ol 289 43(53 


1AYSWA ■ in. Ground floor (lal 
n*» - n Pirtranre 3 bed rooms, 
large rnrvMMn. balliraoni. new 
kitchen. Gw CH. porierage. 
newly rrfurtwd. IOQ yr lease. 
LI 99.000 Tel. 01229 0871. 
hnld lli\ rslmenl properly, 
rmnmncui newiraual an 6 
iloor-, Near Tuoe COOO.OOO 
» reehoM Uuram LIU PO Bex 
229. London W 8 014412 E664 
AWJEHV ROAD, E*. Overloak 
■mj London liews Qmvf erta. 
kir 3 bed roll . dMe creep, ku. 

OC”- "Wtar * 1 OBTOen. 
HH.5O0. 249.1257. 

MRBIC«N ECX LI9M and airy 1 
»ed rial loraled on Ute 3rd Roar 
ot 4 no Mark. 121 yr Me. 
L59.9HO Sole Menu Bally Sir 
“ir. Good Ol 030 2738 
SON WHARF EL Superb a bed 
llal wxiui a ronsened warp- 
hame 124 yr he £149.000 
Sole agenK Bally Stmens Good 
Ol 030 3736 

HAINFJllEAD NW] Newly con 
* WO- MWI le»«i nah 2 
ruuy filled beds. 1 nrrepi .lux 
kil and baui. long Me. cssjobo. 
Tel Ol 289-0104 3 hSSS 

"“e*""" MW*. rreeDMd 
™. r R»«e tidy. 3 bedv nice 
•aln £55.000 ono Pawalk 4 
Mom. 23. Kyne Rn. London 
SH I I 080 Tel 01 228 87^ 


mo mac to scaror 

Seeking a London home? 
Tril us your reouremenis 
and our rfnneni. exson- 
raced Tlaff will rind and 
mwl aU suitable proper- 
lies. then gKp you a seiecL 
sbori led. saung you lime, 
stress and Inromenlence. 
Telephone 01-364 3542 
MALRianr msnwm 

won rial. 2 double Bedroo m . 
hUrhebngMo baihroona. luxury 
krt rtien fully lined wrui rffei*. 
wasbry. wasMno machine «r„ 
snmr/dibm, room, maroon 
rent 20(1 Master Bedroom. 2211 
jraiTHlon wiLh open nrepurr 
JwMIIfi* 15.000 VIEW 

ISPSJi.. 01 286 as * 4 «■ o» 

997 2724 

™WAM. 3 newly convened 2 
Bedroom ruts ImMied lo an un 
usually hx* nandard wph 
hmurv MKhem A Baihrams. 
Br.Hi riHIngs IbraagnouL Video 
entry phones A filled carpets A 
slones throw from West 
Biorapton underground- On Uie 
earner of Cnwrrtn Place A LilUe 
Rd Musi be seen. Pmale sale. 
£74.000 ono 386 8880. 

!*°°e_[lal. over 100*009 Cumber 
land Tennis Club. Own primage 
eni beauliful period Ini.. 2 tor 
wrps. 2 3 beds, ctkrm. lux 
balfi. to- kiL. pauo. gdn. o s 
Pking Lease 96 yre. Low 
outgoings 1 145.000 Ol 435 
»62 after 7 pro 


Buying a house or an 
aporlmeni in London but 
can't spare Ihe time and 

Lei Um> spectaftn 
Act for you. 

TrlephooehOl 1 740 6627 
Telex: 897121 

Large and slylMily modermsM 
(lai with landscaped garden. 2 
bedrooms, large bathroom, ddu- 
Me nsrnmc m witn oripna 
lireMare. HghL fully 

modernised klirhen. halfway. 2 
separate entranm. £89.000. 
01 603 1472 iw/p ♦ eses.1. OX 
935 4422 <t 7276 (dayi. 
in Victorian mormon block 
tncTtoouna BuHoih Park. 
Brtghl A nnrtous arrgm com 
nnsuig drawing rra with w reng 
boleony. dining rm. Ml. 3 beds, 
balh mi pas rh. (Hied cpts Lse 
92 vis C89.9&0. Phone Slurgli 
A Son rulham Ol 736 2229 

FULHAM -Superb detached 
wound floor res stiMbo with pri 
sale aounyard. huge mam 
Using area. 890 so fL (Wed 
kne-hen. bathroom. brtRoam. 
rronrh doors, gas rn. offers 
C 1 60 000. 999 year lease. 

PARRIS 4 QUIRK 987 4475 
ned Hals lot sale New ?9yr he. 
Ground rent C75pn Caroms, 
nurd klirhen area, marbled 
bathrooms, entry phone. No 
wrxirr marges. Prices C8SDOO 
C 89.600 Ol 221 7198 


MANBUE ARCH 'Close Wl 1 Su 
perb mars Mod deselopmenl. 
AO amenllles. 3 beds OMe nrr 
Ml brk . 2 baths, elk. baicamps. 
mr spare £187 600 Sole 
agenK Wilks Head 4 Esc. 9 
Harley SL Wl. 6X7 8471. 

mcRJoes a stable yard, 

SmaH paddock. 

■The Pteyiiw Close is an attractively 
name ? - ana attractive - Queen tone 
house overlooking a green in CtnAuiv. 
Oxfortrtire, was once the some 
olbul baiting, rough sport* and man- 
practice. Datkn from 
17135, it ha* an entrance lud, drawing 
room and dining loom, five bedrooms, 
8taiKfing in gardens which contain a 
rangaof ^fadangs. Jacfcson-Stops 
andStaffs Chipping Campden office ra 
seeking often around £M5,00a 

Regency ozone 

■ Montevideo House: in. Weymouth Is a 
tottev^e of George in. who established 

me town as a popular seaside resort The 

bouse, parts of which may be older Is at 
present converted into the owner? 
ateonmiodation of two reception rooms, 
boards room and library,, and four 

Ihro self-contained fiats, 
one wifo two bedrooms and one with - 

• Ti*. V- ‘ : : : : : 1 : 7 :v- ■: r v 

Wi^VV- • ’■/{% 

' '■ : 'isVmmMtv- ■; "5 t?* 

A hove (feskaed 6y Dedmns Burton in Calreriey Park, Tunbridge Wells, as 
| rtofadevelopmentof24 villas that form a landmark in the history of Englisl 
doinestfoarcbjtectiire, is for sale aroBmT£I9S,0e0 through Briurtons' Tonbiidge 
WeUsoflBce. Burioitiaid tmf the landscaped G^miej Park in 1828 and designed 
te« J mwsm in a variety, of styles ranging from the Gredc and Italianate to the 
Gotiuc. Nomber H, described ns irrqpjkr Greek 19 , is owned by Baron Nicolas 
Van Den Branden. The house has ah en tunee hall, drawing room* dining room, 
atefflg room/Iibrafy and study, with a master, bedro om an! two Thither 
teuMpsas. It has a landscaped garden prov iding total priw ^y ; r«mI Kit* tfag trfhfT 
• - houses in the paroTlooks over the valley below. '. . 

. _ ■ . — ■ v>-oaiu«Hi ra a Riuipvi snfl 

for ax caravans, with the rest mainlv 

nSIu5 J ^ ard ^ lake Humbert? 
BrkJport office believes the property has 

JHrt? 1 , scop V and Potential for' a 
of uses. The asking price. is 



noor fiM. Spanoukcfiarocmfui 

3 bed. lug. - r*cnL 

ktl/brcuklM. lux bathroom. 
och. \an mu. cj 15.000 Rmg 
■J«^6 pm w/mb 01.794 


■KNMONDNHS. Montague Rd. 
Roryfy AiodaMr. 

Imnlmmi rx-uOmtog proper 
V Freehold for safe. 
iHiDuaiifial drgonl ponod prop, 
mly. Rcgutnog ml oral ion 
Pari Irnanlrd £158.000 Ol 
948 7690 Company Me 

■ London House, in ChwsfiekL 
Wood bmfge, Suffolk, is a martyVic^ 
total village house dating from the 17th 
entuiy. used until recently as a village 
lore. The house has three reception 
rooms, four or five bedrooms, and 
nattier rooms which could provMe a 
www annex. The house is for sale at 
ragOO through Carter Jonas 1 Ipswich 

Cotswold colour 

5J? .'SSL < ^? n 9® in ttw hamlet of 
WJstUWeton, Marshfield, Wiltshire, is 

me rather grand name for two Cotswold 

stone bams and a stone-built cow 
shelter, with three paddocks and .three 
E5*’ q? 3 * acres surrounded by stone 
walls^ftjrmerhf part of the Duke of 
BeaufoiTs estate, it has detailed plarinfnci 
permission for conversion to a house and 
annex, with stabling. The owners, a 
“T^jouro aiist and Ms wife, are wing 
to live in Italy and are seffrnn «h» nmCh 
“Ijr. gMnfl a guide 
000. (Details: 02 

By Christopher Warautn 

Property Correspondent 

. It has long been a justifiable complaint 
that, the River Thames has npt been 
used properly as a backdrop for hous ing 
Waterside homes are always in such 
demand that it is amazing thin situation 
. Jw? prevailed, but lately ..developers 
have woken up to the opportunities and 
buddings are now jostling each other for 
a site on or in sight of the Thames. ‘ 
London 7 * . Docklands .is one area 
wher e riverside developments have 
been rising tat, with their prices rising 
tat, tod. Barretts has this week opened 
Gun Place, the second phase of its Gun 
Wharf conversion project in Wapping. 
At the other end of town, Fairbriar 
• Homes are completing a development 
of lo apartments in a new fbnr-siorey 
block on fte towpazh west of Hammer- 
smith Bridge, which provides river 
views for all the units. ■ 

Galled the Blades, the development 
has been earned out on the site or a for- 
mer boathouse, and is next door to the • 
Furmval Scuiling Qub's premises. As • 
one of the contSrions of the scheme. 1 • 
Fairbriar is providing new boathouses 
next door and is happy to help in 
mai n tainin g the rowing tradition there. 

The apartments overlook a bend in 
the nverand look across to the St ItadY ; 
School playing fields^ If some of the t 
windows are a slightly unusual ^ np 

they represent the architect's determina- 
tion to give, the occupiers as much 
chance as possible to view the Thames. 

The base of the budding has been 
raised by a metre so that ground-floor 
units also have agood view. At the same 
time the. building- has been, designed to 
blend with 'the period surroundings; 
even secondhand slates have been used 
to give the roof a softer outline. 

Five of the apartments have been 
sold. Prices for the two-bedroom units, ‘ 
which vary in size, range from £142,500 
to £162,45(1 They afl have full-fitted 
kitchens, and an open fireplace in the 
living room for either traditional fires or 
gas-fired “log-effect” fires. Each has 
either a patio or a balcony. 

_Back m Wapping, Gun Place, is not 
directly on 1 the water, being 30 yards 
away, but the conversion of the ware- 
house gives the fed of the river wefl 
enough. It is a Grade II listed tea 
warehouse, which will provide 73 
studio, one and two bedroom apart- 
ments and four penthouses. Close to 
Wa pping Tube station. , the block has 
underground car parking, roof gardens, 
and many aforbnents have balconies — 
some have views of die Thames. 

Each has a fully fitted kitchen and 
fitted carpets. Prices range from £5£500 
to about £350,000 for the penthouses — * 
far from cheap, but an 
acknowledgement of the ejected at- 
tractions of a combination of Dock- 
lands and the river. - 



r*Ty , _?. r _ ** **'“*” o n- Be droom AmrtmoM In mo 
■"£**»" Wocfc; Double merman 
roam, knctxi, and tuuiroom. 


CBWHAL LONDON. B you am in 
nrad of npmracnl ticln and 
atiuce in argiarmg mmentui 
prwriy pton* ring Anrnor 
Longii Liutra: Ol 263 9868 


!£™BIJEDON common 

? wrapton rooms, study, kifotwn wmi - - 


**»«■ Am-. Leasehold for sale 

-MHH D Wood a Co., 23 Barfedw Sounf 
5*°" WIX SAL Tel: 01-629 9050 (R«f n 

01-730 8682 




A beautiful period house 
converted into 6 
luxurious flats - with 
marble fireplaces, 
cornices etc. 

4 acre gardens with private 
access. Modem kitchens 
with all appliances. Tiled 
bathrooms. Lift. Carpets. 
2beds4k study/bed 3. 
kitchen, elegant drawing 
roams from £169.950 - 

□ Sturgis 


Lge aparemed n axdusne Hoc*. DHe rec. mnmg 
rm. teidy. M/UdSL S beds. 4 baths, stwr rm, m 
etu 24hr p*f. 113 yre. 

E49SJM L/HStan Steal OISck 81-730 9291 


SuOMtbntfil spnous pendiousa fla n «orU 
recs - V balcony. 4 

beds. 2 bafts.. Ml per. CHyCHW. . . 

tGUOB WKSfcam Strad OOlnc 91-739 9291 


Stunnmg M ttr Set wth terely news over So Los 
rec »itti drag ma. 2 beds. W. bate, nd gas cb. 
w Vtsl 

tmiM UH taaiagNa Mice 01- ZM 7441 


!25, I S S 5 ? " w “•" <* ttowiBftn 

1 * 9 * St ft Km Gdn Bee. tal/dmo rm. 2 dMe 
beds. Datft. CH/CHW 65 yrs. 

C137J9D UH Ke*nagbn Office: ai-ZM 7U1 


Ettetant hse rans front Tube Swerb ono le»- 
niresj dMebeds. 2 bate, due me. knMfst 
cdlr. gas eh. West teng gdn. 

Ettfljflfi F^H - FhBuhb OtScv 01-736 2283 


3 nB ra wew Of ono leannas. pokshed wood 
sbv lioenng. lge gdn. 

CKSJMFAt ctqfen Office «H2t HK 


etswfions. Kr 

«c. M toL ZbaiB. rite, gas dLlttattcngiiE 
nw wi ace. ggs. 

£M9J09 frH Pateey Office: tVTQ 2134 


Wd terr y z-jMd cett ape ta favoured ana of 
games. Thtwqft recsjL Rt batnrm, s howe r rm 

seduded udB. manr areas., . . 

C67JW F/H fBamn Office: 81-7a 3483 


tggb 3-b«d semiHleadHd. hse Hi 9ff aanten. 
{gnqe. edra tartaig. gas ch and wed praporeooed 

ttZUM F/H CCKMfck 0«CK 11-996 3443 


SMmte Sreed peqod tnm. 5 recaps. 3 bass. 2 
a®, jw ht Mr femes, merade rantn. 

onjffil m Hdnte Office: tl-Uffi EB33 

5 B S^ lfl r inoftanbad A femaadaefr unseat 
ed 4-b e d _ brw h. Thru - rec. fufly M tit 9ff ado. 
««to stem system. 

£1RM F/H Shew Office: 01476 am 


Wtocbw SpM-teve) 2-faed conwraiun fiat to gd 

dec^i^ «ncfit SB A bn 0 « recBR oja,. 

comute gdn. 

OUSOtiN VfteUbftg Office; «l-v<0 63» 

Marsh & Parsons 



***UIHUtol Wiki. rtmr> M 
M3, Mas DM Buiiqahnv 3 mu 

Mr mw Gar. CW. G <v*w. 
Ciiaun Oral CTSMOO Tri 

KMO.T 19TH C Orurtond ralwn 
CbrJum UO OOO ana. a bra 
roorw. iMMOiotmi a mrav 
iillrd Wlrnrii uidni. parkin* 
Gn CH Wmik 16 rum lubr. 
45 nmri Crtv. 01 6 M 9161 n 

MUCKS bnrfc Mid film raiUw 

Rural Ounrrm SimJEMM 3 
brat nuw uiarr fra! ran. 
C89 600 Trl 090096 3509 


We are pleased to announce on behalf of 
'Cornish Estates Ltd’ the release of 


E"iav*7i Oreo »i <nmn Pan da! pnn* oaratopmara on laMown's : 

W" EBcmnbmkdHiaKignflononiraeoniMnaiamiBrMniwooaaou 


PrieM tom £53,500 

Dstnlwl brochure an request tram Ota Sola Agents. 

srmscm * prior 

10 Lemon Sonet Truro. Tel (0872) 7«46i 


>n> -r 

Portugal’s leisure-home market looks 
set for a stunning revival this year after 
a lean period. Two major factors are the 
cause of what has so far proved to be a 
strong stan to the sales pattern. 

First, the country is now a member of 
the EEC, which adds to its continuing 
political stability. However, according 
to City of London solicitors Hedleys, 
who specialize m Anglo-Portuguese law. 
exchange-control regulations will not 
change for the foreseeable future. 

AIT monies used to fund a property 
purchase must be formally imported 
through the Bank of Portugal in Lisbon 
using an import licence obtai n a bl e 
either by your estate agent or a UK 
branch of a Portuguese bank. 

Second, and perhaps more important 
to the cost-conscious investor, was the 
announcement last December by the 
Portuguese prune minister that the 
property-transfer tax (S1SA) is to be 
abolished for first-time buyers of new 
homes costing 10 million escudos 
(about £46,000) or less. 

As this used to be 1 1.5 per cent of the 
purchase price, savings are substantial. 
However, the higher SISA rate, 17.5 per 
cent, levied on homes above 10 million 
escudos, remains 

Stricter planning laws have ended 
haphazard high-rise blocks and the 
emphasis is now on low-rise develop- 
ments grouped around a co mmunal 
leisure facility. 

Some new projects along the Algarve 
coastline have been started during the 
past year— perhaps the most impressive 
being the Victory Village Cub. This, 
whitewashed of balconied apart- 
ments and walled villas is set on a •' 
sloping she overlooking the Atlantic in 
the heart of the 2,000-acre Quinta do 
Lago estate. IS miles west of Faro, 
which hosted the Portuguese open golf 
championship last autumn. 

Set in IS garden acres, the small 
buildings are scattered around what will 
be the focal point of the development, a 
dub complete with sporting facilities 
including tennis, squash, sw imming 
pool and a gymnasium. A business 
centre is also planned offering secretari- 
al and telex facilities. 

The first two phases are completed 
and apartments which wilj be finished 
during the snmmer are now being sold, ... 

Good buys 
in Algarve 
once again 

off-plan, by UK agents Euro Property 
Advisers. Studios are priced from 
£36,500 and tbe one, two and three 
bedroom apartments are from £44,700, 
£75,900 and £94,000 respectively. 

All the apartments, which are finished 
in tight wood, with great use being made 
of white tiles, are air-conditioned and 
the bigger units are designed with a 
split-level reception room leading on to 
a wide terrace. The detached villas are 
between £103,300 for a two-bedroom 
home and £153,000 for four bedrooms. 
They are individually built, so 10 
months should be allowed for comple- 

Stria planning legislation ensures 
that the Quimo do Lago estate, which 
has two championship golf courses, will 
stay essentially rural. The small apart- 

Swimming pools are 
in the pipeline 

ment-block dusters of the Victory 
Village Gub still maintain a country 
feeL Owners are entitled to golfing 

In contrast to the sophistication of 
Quinta do Lagp is Sao Rafael, a 60-acre 
gently undulating site running down to a 
remote sandy beach just west of 
Albufeira. So for, 71 of an eventual 212 
apartments have been built and 60 are 
due to be completed within the next six 

Future plans include swimming 
pools, a shopping centre mid sports 
facilities but at present SaoRafeel is still 
extremely quiet Prices are a reasonable 
£23,750 for a studio and £44,000 for a 
two-bedroom unit 
The most original houses for sale in 
the Algarve must be VUas Romanas on 
the vast Vilamoura Estate. Eight of the 
14 are still for sale at between £90,000 


and £1 70,000 for the two, three and four 
bedroom homes. 

An internal fountain plays along the 
height of each bouse, which has. instead 
of conventional floor levels, split-level 
terracing so that the big ground-floor 
reception area has a vast open space 
above, stretching, cathedral-like, to the 
roof Tbe bedrooms .are on galleried | 
floors, creating an elegant effect. There 
is garaging and every house has a big sun 
terrace with pool 

You can obtain details from Euro 
Property Advisers at 27a New Street,' 

Salisbury SPI 2PH (tet 0722-330847) or 
Vilas & Homes, Estrada National. 125, 

AJmansfl, 8100 Louie, Algarve (tel: 89- 

***? un f™' he * aaspia £ SL'? 

managing director, Jennie Finder, is- ,o ™**r» uiraMm » mm 

holding an exhibition of overseas 

property at London's Athenaeum Hotel ESmTSLS!*- iSS? r ^- 

116 Piccadilly, on March 1 1 between 4 ^ 3 

and 8 pm and March 12 from 1 1 am to 9 ror-soo. tm- Rjnmdrn7i9&. 

Pttl. Biimam k f-Q, 

Tbe latest venture of the time-share L** 11 **- “» 

company, Elliott Property and Leisure, Mirv An imMruM >>r Oumi 
is a whole-ownership scheme consisting i TZiiZ 
of an eventual 1 07 apartments and town cSm'SJ.-SSirfJ cSf 

houses in Albufeira - just above the 
town-centre. ouiMMUMa& t*c Eun Thmn 

.Unusually for a holiday-home SSttSSP-SSSL 
project. Windmill Hfll is not in a rural 'tS* tmi 7 «®«sS 

setting so it is likely to appeal to anyone "* Soft - Tat - 

seeking tbe attractions of a busy tourist m woommdoe. locwtctl 14 
centre. Albufeira is a bustling fishing ESTs 

town with enchanting narrow streets SfcS cMMnaMtartF 
climbing steeply up from the Atlantic N*fan»: 

beaches dominated by sandstone cliffs. nurwM Home pp exists. AaSl 
The first 14 units, 'and they include a USSNST! XTE: 
show house, will be ready this summer 2cd°w£S£££ 
with phased completion planned in 
stages over the next two years. A large ■» mxm r n 

MEKKS/KAHT* lo U r. In or 
litjnuuJ downtond volm* 
Mnvrt*r 7 Andover*) Smvllir- 
K rm»i 41 m ihairhm rruraner 
'«uw Han. miuim room, dm 
>rw room kllrhrn. 3 prd. t 

o-ilh s wm>. studio, rouniry 

Viio*. sirorn Over Cl 10.000 
nrewr-.UK >Counlr> Houu- Dr 
naiiniMiii o*s35 43000 . 

ur4> town rrnirr. ■Oral lanttty 
home. 4 om. 9 bain. araarai r 
h r qianny flat. iNJulnl 
*hu*Viii LI 66 OOO Trl 1003 
7634 5H 

hv W- r«i*4 9 in. study 3"- 
ImK 2 (ulli. *■* am. Hiding 
IiMuiki. |- hr Land C12OJ0CO 
■042S41 5739 

vww. 2 rnh Hnimnnoiih. 6 
Roolr 3*» biw. rirudlr balcony 
ulinlv do onr. '..arrr Evr 0303 

HR SHOOK CHIXM Tcframl cot 
L*V 2 tad*. rrrrv. Ulh. Ul. 
™m pnuo. aarkina LH7.000 
rw ov tow Evr 


3 hrd. rornrr ymi»w. uiiuim 
rtosi- In all immlin. 4 milrs 
M C an port and M-way Fun 
on CH mod. wMI-nniidard 
snrnm. tun liked cam wlui 
shown. 3 «vatn (I inlortnli. 
Monr porrti. oarOms from. M« 
aid south lanmj rra. U&.ECO. 
Phma- mu WH.MH 

2BUHCUU.OWS Lakr netnri Nal 
PlirV 2 an« armw irmidF 
SrrluMOh wtinoui Inroovo 
nirvirr pianrnna aonmnih 
atNAmrd. 0940 3347. 

LAKES FLAT (or uk 
Alhlhwajlr- Nr OninN Fully 
lumislwd Slnrpii 6 Bantam. 
LI 2^00 ooo OdH-r 08 1-228- 
) M2 or Momr OBI 93A GOT. 





WMiUNFIt Fits Oil \LPTV and m TnuHy complncd. oor mqur cm- 
nniK On- hair n- hora temnurod as. ihc ha hnuf) DMAfncM bj We 
'Wlui Jliw‘" jaafth 1 st IWS 

Sup. (till vmsued hrudr Ihr River Avon. Ifer <biv dude qtoMy m Pro 
JNVI I .4 Uravn awl nenooa. Fcnisnv mrtodc (0R)4iunl Mbd wood 
tihhrn Invar. (aiLmiim -uh muarainvr nMf and AnaJCD flooni The 
xurailkrni mrUm. uunr hudduip il vet aaudal iMaUlul bndKaprd oourt- 

vaidv pov.niinr drktfnliH wnooaidwtv. wdhoal the dnatjen of 
■msiamuq; i Hem. Vming n rmralal M an amrenadn) of Ifcr qaalny wr 

Biochuir from: 


Sates (lflicc. I Non tan err Court. tinr*C Slicct. 

Haifa BO fa PE 

Tet BWt fOMS) MMR7 or AM06 

bath, ummdidomn i a mna 
U4 Do* noma 1 in wcludrd PW 
■•mi appro* 1 • arrr Barden 3 
Imirrm 2 ndri, 2 tuny Ulrd 
haiAimv fully mod ltd kdctim. 
LnlNsivrlv mwiaWd Ihrougn- 
out. DWO naraga loo south 
tannu inraro. Mining ran 
MMr pmay and opon rmn 
LI >5 000 Balh I022&I B6B613 

pool should be completed as part of the 
first phase; further facilities will include 
two tennis courts and a clubhouse with 

The focal point of the development is 
the ancient Algarvean windmill, now 
being restored. The one and two 
bedroom bouses are prices from 
£35,000 for one bedroom, from £45.000 
for a two-bedroom unit 
Elliott Property & Leisure is at 31 St 
George Street, London WlR 9FA (01- 

Diana WQdmaii 

rtmlrr Italian lb fitlm. easy 
arri-K Mil. Buhner, nr Sud 
h*irv An iippyunt Ouwi 
Anw Paraonaqr hoUJr. Hau. 3 
rrri-M. 4 hr* K. 2 hath*. 6 antr 
room, fun ad CH. I aerr 
greuMfa Com «*rt*Ni rarfy Geor- 
van Coartunan'i houtr i 
drpnvdanla quartm) Ednatir 
oulbtaUlWK tar E&Mtt* Thrrvh 
Inu Barn C236.000. rrwhold 
JmiiI sou* Aonov ttwordm. 
87 8a MMn SI . Sudtmry. 
SullMt. Trl: I07H7' 7G565 
And HJ TurmT and Son. Toh 
■07871 72833 

N* WOODWHOCC. Ipcwtctl 14 
mibw tUn 65 nirni Formrr 
Brrwry + 2'i arm 6 btrK 3 
rrr. S harm, kn brUfl. Ul with 
3 hrd Com uurar. 2 hulls Nr. 
Cur K*8iO,» hMI lor ram- 
l*v hoanr Or Null Burn ha# or 
iiurwnn homr PP rvin. AOdv 
limdd 4 arm avail If rvqiwM. 
Mm Aomts Run A Co. Lon- 
don 01 72b 4885 or wafcrflrtd 
A Co Woodhrmpr 0394 37676 
hr pnoar 0304 460686 Suiuiay 
lor lull drum. Pm rrahm 

fl 70 . 000 r h 

I’OWW PBUKHttES and mod- ! 
rrn Mum hi urupolti Surlolk 
Viuapn a raunlryndr. Pnrr* , 
£26000 In £300.000 WnU or l 
PtMmr urllh rrautrnarMa. 
SWon St Tyr n. Mar An HU. 
CUrr. Suhmv 0787 277811 I 
Own SgnUyv 

ta*ow ci6.soo r now own 

0OV. hrMnd dunrt lacing oprn 
rowrtrynor. Tr*. 0284 66809. 


al MiallMMing in S HrtWord. 
s Idring BrauilDlMnn Mod. 
3 hrd. Vaid * BUtga. £62.600. 
TH 0981 £40282 


OU> KMEBWORTM. Cturain S 1 
hrdroom mdnvr ui In 7' 
with a -hHKHirtv vUDlr 
WocA SoVMUhd local namg 5 1 
adiarml Knrhworth Park 1 
nuir uom «iauon ikiiw Cron 
32 nuaulni C200.000. JMin 
Jamrv A CO. Sinnugr 104381 

SIX BEDS Four rrcrouoru. faVo 
VUrhrO. UUIIIi . Ihrrr halhv. naif 
arrr. oufauwllng v ifwv 
raC2GOOOO Bnuumlnl 

HARWELL, OX ON. Drcarhrd Pr- 
i icid ralmnouvr and Barns w|lh 
Wanninq nmmsMsn l« ranvrr- 
von into 3 unfour dwrUmn 
PKIurnvuun rornmulrr vioapr 
Qxlcol MaiKMv 3 Mnuln. Mi 
ij 13i dim drnr For ulr Dy 
A union Mart hi a Poir. Char 
Irrrd Sunryorv 7 Browl SI. 
Wokinuhain. BrrAa. 1 073*1 


hludlrv A Mdurmur villagr. 
b Wilrv to Mao. tuiMM Itoinr 
4 ortte. 3 rrrrpv. vludy . kUrtwti. 
laundry. dW HOC £79.000 
<0667351 829. 

BATH Landown. 4 bra. 2 rrr 
AH Mast. \nv voanoua drl 
hidlt non rvhdr homr. BJI 
1 960v All imul ofilrra. all 
maun rmuirrtrd. our nurd arrr 
in voiMhl dlir dosiUoh Pan 
oran lie inn ror ntHm Amt 
Crrrti Bnti and Charlrmnbr 
Aa»ry V. 120 000 FrrrhMd tor 
■rrimn huvrr virwlno Thin 
and Sal ptn Balh 833664 for 
drlallv rvixUnlmrMv 
imi Viriorian lovumyur clow . 
Itran »mlrr. Thrrr rmpMn. ' 
w DrdroonK. hoxroom. bath- 
room nits cloakrooni wtui 
■vrwrarr known, uiiuty room, 
wrollh of onmnai irolum no 
Irnual B3B £72Ji00. Phonr 
0408 73072 


Park. Pmud frrumrv Rn 6 
hndv lirrv ham. out 8 Mv 9 
arrr-.. inn. rCIWk. 0074 

WEST WALES Brarh front Sami 3 
vlorry Vtrlorian. und. Butt B 
6 B. Urw family. fU4v 
£40 OOO Trl- Ammham 


SALISBURY 085.000 Lux art 
Rn iiy loungr. 4 OM brdL 
•juOk. mtirm. run Alt. balh. 
2 wr. anqar. ‘^oe. tecodiv pom 
G ran Annr. Ota. PM TM 
0722 24648 ooo. 


RANCH STYLE BUngugw. 1141 
OM rrMral hrallM. fully nurd 
kllrhrn. ronirntml lo all 
amrmlirB 02657 31122. 

socmuRSTMU. Lux a tad IN 
nr awMhnroi C3mw lo Cpwna 
Fowl and rwrrilrnl ilwaplng 
larlbtas: hul Mill gravnunguiy 
arm la London via Central 
inw 138 nun w Endj. Many 
Mttarh (mum. virwtnq via 
vendor's aOrtlL X.6&JSOO AIM 
Jonr* * Co 01-504 8B2Z. 


Dirwri nrach arrim. 8 milr* 
Itom ChunnN. bill oulAidr 
drvrCopmrux arm. 4 tmh. p 
haUtb. 4 rrrrov. 2 Mlrtam 
irurrmlly arranord lo I tad 
Cranny aumrl. dniroMpr- 
CH. pardon.. 


Tot (0303) S730SX 

MEREWORTN. OM howr t» rural 
povn 6 mrtrs IVLndslOfir In 1 •• 
! arrrv lur nadnoric. 3rw. 7tad» 
♦ 3 loom norwry £190000 
Wannu A Nirhohon Ol 46o 


hrd drl family hour**, supno 
maiurr nardrn. with wcludrd 
raw 3 rwcrplHMi. cwflar. dbl 
uaraur. wnuugp. full CH. 
L56 OOO a no 0436 820S05. 
Mat inu younril or d4l lo Scol 
land 7 we ran conduct a 
profmmonal uairh for proprr- 
ly 48 Haiwkhrad Hd. Panfry 
041 889 3728 

ST ANDREWS DM Hsr. V. Dnlr ' 
RwaL 5 BrtrnB. Ingr 18x5 Din 
rnr. KH. CIA Ul Mr. Balh WC. 
CCM. Cgn. Can C75DOO ono. 
TM. 0334 75044. 

S BCD Homr by tea and inly + 
slahlrs rarmouar. £30.000 ono. 
Wrilr. Moston. Old P. office. 
Lag* Mr of Jgn. GraSand. 


miirs A umaur omnimiiy lo 
rrnl an ouMfnduig family 
hcHiw uftrolivi uiuaied tn a dr. 
huhlfiil rural poarfKm 4 

rrrrMion room, Auctirn urllh 
h'lavt room. 5 tadroarm. 3 
halhroom OIICH. Superb out 
tnnldinm. iwurd awimminp 
pool, matuir pardrn. 5 pad 
dorbs Almul 3 arm To IM 
rurnhiml lor M I 3 yearn 
tanr For am partnm with 
Rvlanrtv TM. Ol 499 4785 
SECLUDED iSih Crntury Conn 
irv Mamton «t m 2 arm fir 
mMiy kiiiaor of souUinm. 
Krai 20 mUn from London 6 
Rrrrp fa fiNh Kit Inihly Dm 
Carurn 1 Larar Coarti Homr. 
StaomiHr £950 prr calender 

Property ftfiKn 
0474 53404(3. 




4 mini blroll town rrntm. 28 
mun London, irry igrnM 
lainmg arm 3 rerwp study. 
Alno kllrhrn. ufihly. 4 bed*. 
2 lulltt. ormuiM rm GCH 

5 larmo Lunhraprd gvdm. 
Hraird swim pool. Summer 
nv wiih WC. ihwT. rhUMkim 
rm Lor dhir oaraqr parking 
o ran Approx I arrr. 

F/H £375,000 


TEL: (*3721 UW 

VH I ABE nr Farnham. Edward!- 
an dM. hone 4 beds, 3 rrr. pan 
CH. 2 tulhk 9dn. Pas S C an 
new ranv. M3 M28 Sin for 
Mai nr loo. F H 120.000: 

■D2S125I 4625 


UNMODERMSED flal Royal Cm. 
Enl balh. 2nd floor, lemur 
virvid. lornilr POCmltvl 
£65.000 uuKk bale. 0275 

WANT SO— n HMtt LwuuiaP- 
Rin9BuwlM12Safa Farther Ctia- 
PM hnauIHully ranrerlcd into 
rautv run roralortahle home 
'•arrr. lovely, virus £84000 

ROTTENCDEAN Sinvex Mod del. 
house near v*. 5 hrd*. a bain*. 

7 UlChrm. 3 tfc«» «rm»e «a 

, rap-, hardens Te* 0073 34778. 

SCAFORD Sussex. Modem Sea 
lionl. 5 bedroomed aparlmem. 1 
ewfUnil view near staUCn St I 
shops £53.000 0323 894746. 


M 1 BHM Outslaruuno Drl. IBC- 
riveisjoe sionr raUagr- Fully 
mod MO unspokH Pretty sMape 
30 rn VWV AM £67 .CCD Full 
(trial b. RnHv lo BOX B99. 

land for sale 

sab an Villapr. 20 milr* North 
of London, suiuhir re location 
old barn, ulr mrludrs 7 arm 
paddorx. Reply to BOX COl 


MUSBURT Nr CUy. yrl ml 
overlooked Substantial and 
nurinn Edwarman PWr arnu- 
dM family hour. 5 dMr 
brdrms rriatnino orKttnal Iron 
lirroljm. Solid woM rutfd en 
lamille kllrhrn wdh RrytMTn. 
G CJl S'laruip eUahiKhed par- 
den. DM oaropr Ew«MM 
rondinon inrouwioia. F.H. 
(30.000 0722 22789 aftrr 

6pm piravr 


The Period . 
Property Register 

Even- month a naucmal u- 
luxiraled ralaivwe of 
penod homm lor xalr. 

W he I her you are buylno 
or xrOrnu ronurl 


r 1 mi 1 m mrni ran 

(09*051 79*3/5X2*. 

BCRDT S MWC. near BaLraML 
I7lh rrnlury drfaCKM 4 
tadtoomrd lamMue. 1 arrr. 
unmallva view*. £75.000. 
0298 85324. 


3 7 Montpelier Street, London SW7 
Tel: 01-589 3400 

Province of Almeria, Spain 

The resort of Almerimar on the unspoilt South Eastern 
coast of Spain Is flanked by the magnificent scenery of 
the Sierra Nevada and enjoys Hie mildest, dryest 
winters and cod breezes tempering the hot summer 
days. We are re-capturing the atmosphere of a 
prosperous 18th Century sea port creating me of the 
most Juxurious boating havens. . 

?S^ gur: •Once only opportunity to 

purchase freehold 

® iil' iSIri waterfr on t property. 

1 j= gkgr— • A mature championship 
^ course, 1,000 berth 
marina, miles of beacbes, 
11 1 ™~“T _I f™ - riding, tennis, shfing 

'^*&*5*r ' -i 2 i bonn away. 

• 2 - 4 bedroom apartments 

from £28 ^>00 to £53.000. 

Nr. St Tropez, South of Prance 

22 Provencal villas set in the tranquillity of 
a wooded green zone, with stunning views 
across the Bay of Cavalaire to the lies 

• The best beaches of tbe South of 
Prance minutes away, tennis, riding 
and golf nearby. 

• 3 bedroom houses with luge 4dn 
terraces - £82.000. 


Montpelier International pic 
Invites you to 



The Hyde Paris Hotel 
fbdgbfslHrfcIge, London 
Thursday 27th February 

Britannia Hotel 
Portland Street, 

Thursday 27th February 

Valley Lodge Hotel 
Witmslow. Cheshire 
Wednesday 26th 

AD times 10-50 am - 8.00 pm 

Valbonne, South of France 

A few select and private villas with own 
pools and gardens, peacefully set in a lovely 
wood adjoining the Valbonne golf course. 
Cannes, Antibes, Nice within 15 mins, drive. 

• A limited opportunity to purchase in 
a prestigious location in the very 
beaut of tbe C6te d'Azur. 

• 2 - 3 bedroom villas from £100,000 
to £375,000. pool £12.000. 

• ; > ; Bath Tel: 0225-339033 

Manchester Tel: 061-834 3386V 

Vilamoura, Algarve 

A beautiful village in classical 18th Centuiy architecture 
now entering its third phase of construction. The 
elegant squares, traditional streets with gardens, pools, 
restaurants, shops and even a champagne pavfDion 
offer an incomparable lifestyle to the discerning owner. 
The village Is set In a high position surrounded by one 
of two Frank Pennink golf courses in Vilamoura. 

• 2 x 18 hole golf courses, 1.000 berth marin a , 
and tennis, riding, shooting centres. 

• Casino, cinema, nightclubs, 
shops, restaurants and those 
famous Algarve beaches. 

• Garden or roof terrace 
apartments from £23.000 
to £38.000. Houses or 
maisonettes with roof terraces 
from £39,00 0 to £78,000. 


iii I nil 

mm m mm 

0562 885181 

0 % 

Denia, Javea, Moraira. 

Villas and Apartments from 
£23,000. Twice weekly 
inspection flights. Write or 
phone for free colour brochure.. . 

Tel. 0491 576889. 

Ph3ip Norris 
(httenwtiond) Limited. 

30 Had Street, Henleyon Thames, Oxon. , 

MARBELLA Club Sierra 

PRICES FROM £46,000 - £80.000 

II Luiggyprop eTtkw b uB ttDWj^6riFpt o <ita tto P 

■ Ukdevriopment ■ SwtanWng pooli with W Bar 

■ Tenms and PukBe Tenth Cooits 

■ MOTTO* fadHMe* ■ Quiet faxatian yet near »lf 

• . RKtannL Ban. coonn.PurttoSaiwk.NlAitaHactc 

OuMioose catourb/ochavsadtuBdMsUsfrom: 

, 'swr\ discover 

2 bedroom luxury at 

apartments. Marble Soots, 
spacious terraces, fully fined 
hitniens. all with 
uninterrupted south facing 
sea views, dub house, 
swimming pooL Courtesy bus 
service. Ready for immediate 
occupation. 5 bedroom 
penthouses available. Direct 
sate price £37.000 with 50% 
10 year mortgages available. 

1 bedroom hnuiy two storey 1 
town houses. Marble flows, i 

US Meet the Developers of Marbella s Best Properties near the Don Ptpe Hotel. 

The RITZ, Ficcadilly 

Weds. & Thurs. 26/27th February 1986 J IXZZ'SZZ'JE 1ST* 
Marie Antoinette Suite. 11 am -8 pm bum £ 50.000 

Private garden and terraces. 3 bedroom apartments. Benahavfs. 2 bedroom pueblo 

Fully filled kitchens, south Overlooking Las firisas Golf luxury viSas. Root terraces, 

bang. Swfmnring pooL Course. Ministry of Mousing mart* floors, futtv fitted 

5 mins, from Puerto Banus. guarantee and fixed price for kitchens, pool. Ready for 

Ready for occupation. residential purposes only: occupation. Direct sale price 

Direct sale price £45.000 S39M0 with £5.000 deposit £40.000 with 50% 

with 50% 10 year mortgages and 19 year mortgages. 10 year mortgages available. 

Fully filled kitchens, south Overlooking Las firisas Golf luxury visas. Root terraces, 

being. Swimming pooL Course. Ministry of Mousing mart* floors, fultv fitted 

5 mins, bwn Puerto Banus. guarantee and fixed price nr kitchens, pool. Ready for 

Ready for occupation. residential purposes only: occupation. Direct sale price 

Direct sale price £45.000 SS9M0 with £5.000 deposit £40.000 with 50% 

with 50% 10 year mortgages and 19 year mortgages. 10 year mortgages available. 

availa ble. 

For information he invitations contact: Aranco Overseas * 

40 Old Bond SL. WIX 3AF. Tel: 01-409 1B48- I790 Tekx 2674J4 REALTY G VZjlTaTlCIh^ 

They’re all 
under one roc 

So if you’re looking for a mortgage, 
r bridging Joan, insurance cover, a personal 

loan or a budget account, why not step into 
your local NaiWest for written details or write to: 
The Home Loans Managerjvlational Westminster 
Bank PLC Marketing Department, FREEPOST 2, 
London EC2B 2GN. 


The Acton Bank 

Sf^uiih ot-I irwiMftf* ttM» hr rrgutred. LoMfcaihim iosi4Un4ndcondiuoni 



On the River Thames 

Maidenhead 4rrules,M4 6nuies,M'tO 
Well appointed family house in hm m acul a te 
decorative condition overlooking a 
135' frontage to the River Thames. 

HaB , study, drawing room . sitting room. 

billia rd room. Jatchen/dining room , 7 bedrooms. 
3 bathrooms, shower room . 

Boathoose. Swimming pooL Gardens. 

Atom 2 Acres 

20 Groewaar Hifl. Berkeley Square. London W IX C4iQ. 

01-499 8644 


Suidkiy 2nd Mmch 12-8 pin. 


. Tavnerstar OJ-549 4251 

OonacHoita, 7W-I77 (Mn tad. tagatortAton-rtaiaaL suncy KJ7 MA 

Where everyday 
is a Sun-day 


fra Bmh Imi ■ ta auU 
mn* I* PASQUEAVOCeTA Ihr Rmal ptaif 
hBurr raHUaenUaD tta praUenos 

B-BOTANXll ptftfaf dnft l ap a wM 41 Pomiidr 


Dmnkl rad omraewd IK ita lu|diM 
Maffduihhv luinrai SA. win it. dam 
ata ml >■( Id— Finn Dawtor Mr. Toot VwnnL 
Uto nrapam- In a Ortabrriil • loOMtafalafard 
mop it oaopantn l—d in Ifar «bu* 

Trav Vmni.Cliinu 
li d wA "tat ■ hrfta rniinr w »i (nr 
EL BOTaNICO lira u. ta»r fir Hmimobv 
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tnr*b«4kSu&. rtifmtBUd ^MCMa 
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KAIkHIK AVOTETA if I ta Hra ran y et 
ardniK wiffffa en li> nakr 8L BOTANlFtl 
rapifa. ihr ibm rah after RaadrauaT 

I arra m Tnmk. 

f or luuttar drtalV. fnntat D«rid fteJaa 
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vinmiiKvnwtuv autlwntt- 
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|v-i nuih-ni uiUkm 4tl ihi- 
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rill- HUES 
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\ irginia SlrrtH 
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ih k-kptliriRvl (l>t k-kplhnw 

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\nn»uiki.-mi-iiK cjb- K- tv- 
ii'ImI Ik uk-iihiHit' Ix-lvti-cn 

0 UUjni and ' wljmi. Mwnl.iv 
In I nilji. >m ViUmLn Iv- 
Um.H 1 "HUH* jntl I2nnun. 
I4XI JCHHI Chili). I«r pul'li- 

iMlmn I Ik- liilbiuiiip ib*. 

l*Ji> -n>- Ik I li'put 

Iokuhomim: m\u- 

un i i mi I ,iihl Sh Lll I'jfy. {0 
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< null jikl N-K.ll l‘.ipf an- 
lll•llllu-l 1 lkl)I< uii n»t iv 

01 • t'l'liil In li-li-pliiiih-. I II- 
i|iiui*-x 1" B1-IBI 4IH0. 

M*ni mhi'i ■ U-niltcil atluT- 
iimiihiii* t.m Iv inirnuil In 
liUiilimiL- I hi- tfanflmr is 
' UUJ '111 - Jjtt IHhrr u* pul'll- 
i .iiiiii in- unpin MnmLiy 
JlM SJkHjill kill 
it nil in wild .III 1 hI**"I Ilk*"" 
liii'iii iii uiiiiux I'k-air 
■niliuk- will! lljtllliv plunu- 

( I S|I)\H It skrvic fs 

l»H*\HIMINI. II )im 

H.I1CUII* <|IU-|l!MH pUlMl'Illl 

r.-l.iuiip <>' wnr adintivr- 

nK-iil min- II lus alXVJicd 
pJi-.iv- *iur t uMiuih-r 
Stiun JkniClilh-nl l<* li'k-- 
|*Ii.ik- i-ii MWb. 


tin- 1 uhu it inn* Mi nn i run 

IN*1 dlkil IIM*V H A lilain iHMli 
i .hi hr no4 r<Hiirii> 

Jn mu>in 8 iN E B i 


ADAMSON io Eiuii niid 
I *nl nllll ilm- MrCookcl a 
tni. I "in* on l(4h 
I fin \ in CanlcrtHirY. a 
Iiiiillu-I ftH So rah and Jark 
BAKER "ii rHiniiin 2C1h ro 
\nrw inn- 1 un* illoi and CJins 

■ i il.iiml ili-i iLih v Florcnmi 
BOWRIMC .... 1.1. null* 1UI* ID 

I .■■■■"• a. ml I Hiiu.ul. J (MlMtlln-. 
Ililbll.l him J M4U1 Id 

■ .limil.i 

BRUN mi r rlHiiarv 201 h lo 
\iiil.-il\ inn- hrllrlli .uid Ed 
«n .ml .i il.iiuilili-r CkmiHlin" 
CHANDLER on Frh. 32. in 
p»iih. u AiiMraUa. lo Bn 
inllr •up" Gin luin) and John, 
■i sain -RiiIm-iI John). 
CHAPMAN In L.iiua uipp Slloql 
■mil IliHih. on rriiniary 19ih. 
■i mi. Ion 

FAWCETT On Frhru.m 23rd 
l '- | Ho in Hil.iiv i hop ShPr- 
uimli ,ii Hi n-rrt. a son 
Kh hul.r. .lli'\jindpr 
FRAKER nn iiu Januarv lo 
I fii'l.i uipp Hanson' and 
1 mil a (LiinihlPr Aulonu 
luml.i ir.niuoii 
HALL Un 20ih rptiruarv 1986 
.ii nn' Ruvai fipp Hospital. 
Il.iiiipulr.-Ml. In JullP uipp 
iiiinIiM anil John, a son. 
n.i*Mi f. Tun in. a hroihcr for 
i Tn luloiilmi 

HUTCHINGS *•■■ 18 FpI* lo Ja 
ni'l iii'i- Ciillnv ■ aim Chrn a 
son Sliuirl RnbrrL and 
lluiiiku In St .ii mLiIp Hospital 
HUTTON nn 22ml February. 
19Hc in Amin' 'lire Lrppardi 
■iimi M.itiiii-t* . a danghlor. 
\ Kim i.i rniil* Louis" 
LANCER - nn February 2fflh. 
In Snsin inn- City i and Sir 
Utirn a ilaimnirr iCharlollr 
■.iiii*i .1 uiulrr lor Jasrphinr 
LORD - in lomuir-T and David, 
nn 22 nd I tin nary . 198&. a 

I I.I IM III ll' I 

LOWE nn Trlii nary 2Jih m 
Kwliirv NSk lu Jrnnv iNoo 
IIiiiiIpii .uni Dai Ml a 

MARPOLE. On Fphnwrv 9th 
in I flu ilt < iipp Maruumni 
•i Ml Rh.iii. .i mmi. Rirhard 
.laini-s r lumk-. lo Hammer 

MeNULTY on l«rh Frhnuiry 
l°Hr, al I hr Roval Lulled 
Ikiuinlal B.iih In F Kina mrc 
Hiillr* i ami Drrmol. a son 
OoiuukIi Mill-* 

MEADE on rflirtbVV 22lld lo 
Annul, iimt \rrhrn and 
If-U'iiiv . Bf'iirdin John 
1 u'uii.i. a iRolher for 


MUNN fill li-lmuiri- ISml id 

• - I .ii ••H im- f|«H' hdlnpvi and- 
■ lUiirnt a Mill ■llrx.iiidrr- 

I limiuiu 

MUNN oil Friiruary 22nd lo 
C'.unlinr ilsmp Wainryj and 
CMidirr* a mu. Alexander 

NEWELL on 24ih rohnuirt al 
sniiiiini».Nl Hospilal Brslol 
In Suuaii 'lire Hopson' and 
Paul .i iLnniiii'T Lot v Satan 
.1 uiui.i inr I. liruJophPT. 
PERRY On l«tti FPhruarv 
|9Ho in Sj \uianl In Boh 
and m.ii v iMrNamarai a 
U.iiifhniiip mu. Philip- 
■tnllionv . a hrnlhir for 
Ih-.iiiIIIiiI r.liu .1 Alum 
PRICE l.iti 301 1 1 in Harroqair 
Lff-iiiT.ii Houpiinl. lo Mark 
.ii nl 1 iitv. a daiuihlrr. 
ROBERTS. On 201 h of Frhru 
art- in IIoihi hon*i. lo Fiona 
umr Ik'i.ii Kiri mud Denys, a 
•Min. Henrt Da* id AloxaiHlpr. 
ROBSON mi rebmarv 3dlh al 
Is rut I niidun Hospital . lo 
C.nrlh ami .lulrs. a son. 
loutuui rki\ ul 

ROANE on 22ml February al 
If in tveslminuirr Houpilal io 
Alirr i iiiv KfH-nioiil and Jon- 
• a iLiiHjlilor. Charlollp 

SIMPSON Uii rphrnarv 22nd 
lo i nnuiielo fiire Vaughan i 
■iihI Paul a son Pal nr k 
SNOWMAN - "ii Iphnuii* 22nd 

III I'.llr. In M.H.inineP HniuiKI 
•■nil KnlH'la* .1 urn Herlm L.l 
iimiiiiI I 111 , 11111 x 1 a Rue Du Parr 

• T'.Tit p.un 

SNOWMAN on reimiary 
22ml in Pair, lo Margo inre 
Rotund 1 ami Nirhofcts a son. 
Hii loi i.ilmoud rmanupl 4 
nn* «ln Parr Royal 75003. 
Pal iu 

TAYLOR in C-uol and Prior a 
■lamilil.T Lidia Kalharinr 
hoi ii lilirnaiv 2 2nd 
WRIGHT mi 14 Frh al SI Trrr 
u,iu. Wiiuhiedon lo Lrslry 
iNrr Riliimiloiii and Adrian a 
il.inulilii Hamn 


ABERCROMBIE on Fell 1711* 
Niiri .1.1011-.. a«jr 77. pearr 
lull* .il llirmvays NH. 

Si-alnrd R.-mnom Mass al 
Iln-C.illinlii thurrh. Lewis, 
»t. r. mi I eh 21 si. follotvrd by- 
i ■ i*i n.i 1 u in RIP. 

ADAMS on 2-3 1 h February al 
peai" in h.ixliii(Xiani Hall 
fUiiiMiui Hume, Kalhlepn 
Ikuiu Vii.imu inre Padmorm 
,n«il R? Widow of William 
it Ik. nil <Hill i Adams of 

M.llilmi I uur\ Beloved 

fiMiiim ni i tan and John. 
iii 'iiiiii nnihi'r of Susie. 

( luii Ii 'lie. Mark. Rirhard. 
■XniH-tle. I.i'iiirlmr and Mai- 
Hn-vi .uid til f*at nandmolher 
*■1 Nn "la 1 uneral al All 
Sdiiils r-Juirrh. Maid Ofi. 
10 ISiini "ii 28111 February 
I lo tins If .1 G Sonin, 7 
■ Rd.uI Maldw 
AGNEW - I man. aged 87 
\r.du. nn iriM-uary ?lsl, al 
WnuiKniip Homilal. alter a 
iimil illm-iu. mhJow of Har 
ft I" P.w. and hrloted 
nmUH'i fri Bnan. Krnnpih 
.iikI Aidhunv funeral Sir 
nn 1 . PmiU- Crrmalonnm. 
f I'M t 2 Kill, al 2 pm. 
f •limit Uniters only ptease. 
luill hi rug nines Io diaries 
Small A Son. Tel: Wlmhomr 

ASHEft-RELS - Rn Charles 
W siHldenly oil 22nd 
I rtnu.irv 1<W6. Renoral But 
iM'lwtvii 19bS 1976. Pn- 
t.ilr na-m.iiion al Oxford, on 
2?lh I rtw luirv 1986. al 10 
•un Kn (loiters please. Dona- 
limn., if flrutrnd. Io Cancer 
Reurai h Anv enquiries to 
.1 W Mairham Funeral Dl- 
reilor. 55 Wood Slreel. 
WalliiMfoiil. Oxnn iMSt) 

ASHTON on Zlsf February Pr 
lei Cncrrv Ashion OBC iMili 

01 Nodding Way House 
Weare. Axtmdw Somerset 
ne.veliiilv al Si Mary's Hos. 
nui BrKlol ader illness 
1 'iMiuied »t iih a Hint romrage. 
Belated hv his wife Mary. 
Ins rhililrm Suit ah and Prter. 
hum and ms fji niidrhlld Zoc 
tV ldiulmii iinri sertirr al 
Snirfh Btlsio) Cremamrium 
ul 2 pm oil Thursday. 27th 
F i-bnuirv . litslrad of llowm 
imiirihiiuons please loward 
MRI brannrr Fund. 

1 1 nn h, iv Hospital AUengul 
ih-> lo Bunn Binrkmorr A 
Co. 73 High SI. Writs. Tel. 
WHK 73377. Delink, of Me 
niminl sort ice will lx* 
.inn" Line cd Inter. 

BALFQUR-LYIM on Frbnwry 
23r<|. ptiui auav very sud 
rtenh al home. Dr. Stanley. 
eml 63. Deeply mourned 
.iikI sadlt nussrd by hts lot 
ni'i wifp Aunelle all h» 
laiiiilt. mil fnenth. 

BARRETT, on Monday- 2fl|h 
ielHikiiv al home. 
ILiselliiirt- Plur knell. Enr 
Stieisvnod iTobti aged SO. 
Ri-lotfil husband of Hrinm. 
f.iHirr of Ben Ha. Sonya and 
lm aiirlinr. gr.indfnlher of 
Philip anil Yernia- Funeral 
s.M t n p al Hasethurv 
PIih knell on Friday C8ih 
rrbnntir al 2 30 pm. lot 
loupfl lit prltale .-rrmnlion i 
No nouns pi raw. donaiions 
■I vi ishpcl lor Hasetbury i 
Chiurh r o A E Sluodley A 
San. Mrirkfl Saiujre. ; 

Ci ™ kn nr j 

BEESLEY on februarv 22nd I 
fH-ai-puilli al home Ronald 
ni/minli! Ballon QBE 
M A Lifiileiianl Commander 
RNBR. ilrnriv Intrd hiistund 

■ ■( Mart Mnrh loted by Pr 
ter .mil Bnrhnra and his 
cn andehilrli en Funeral Ser ' 
tire February 281 h al ; 

2 3* join .il Kings Keruweii 
P.iriuli Cliult h Dot Ofl Pn ! 
tale * rrmniion Family 
llnurrs mil* please. 

BOIS On 21M February Peare 
lull* al Bltlhborough 
Hifu|> Andre* Milan, be- 
hit it] iiiother of Maureen. 
.Line. Sli'Phen ami John Fu- 
nri.iJ .11 10 30 on Thursday- 
27111 relinkin' hi SI raiihs 
('Teni.iinriuiu. Norwich. 

BRAD DOCK on 21si February 
!9So .il Crow borough Sus 
sex. Muriel helot cd wife of 
Joseph and mother of Julia 
F uneral Sen me al Si Dim 
slans Mat held on Friday 
2811 1 Feb al 1 30pm followed 
hi rmale irrmallon. engm 
ries please lo Paul Bysoulh 
r uneral Sen ires, telephone 
C.ii'ulKirouqh 5000. 
BROOKER - on February 201b 
ai B*-\hill Alma widow of 
Leslie hrooker. lale of Ror h 
esler. N V Funeral 
Casfhouriie Cremaiorliim 
Fi ul.i v rehruan 281 h 10 30 
a in Flowers Mummery Ln 
dpi laker. Bexhill 

CALDWELL Jean Charlolie on 
Fniriuin 23rd 1986 at the 
Coilni House Nursing Home 
LainiM-rlev widow of BncM 
lliei MR. Ca (dwell CBE 
muilti'i of ihe Lale John and 
ni B.ii luira and Pelcr Funer 
al .il Mnniiike Cremalnmim Tebiuary 28 1 h ai 
12 30pm 

CANNING - on February 2IH 
Mrlor. of Yhalrh Col 
lage. E wen. Cireurestei . 
hrlntnl husluviMl of Adiia 
deiiianon al Chelienham. 
12 noon, on Thursday 271 h 
Febi iuiix E nmunes lo Par k 
pr ami Slade. I Clly B.llik 
Road. fn eiK-esler Tel 

■ 02851 352S Thanksgiv mkj 
S ertif-e al Kenihle. Clos . un 
\sislnesii.iy 5lh Marrh. al 
2 30 inn 

CHALOMER. On 2-Uh Febru 
ait l<<w aged 91 yeals 
i rsni.i MolH lalHv of 
Hilnlili'IOII Manor. 

Di oil w ii h. Woirs Dauuhlrr 
ol Hip lale Lord and Lady 
UisHmaiiqh ai hi dear stsierot 
Hellv Hrhl. Funeral sen ire 
al Dot erdale Church Nr 
Dioilwrli. on Thursday 
27iii of FiSiriury ai 3 OOpm. 
rami It fluweis only, doiu* 
Hons H itesired lo BSAFA 

CHURCHES. On February 
22 ihI al The Lodge Nursing 
H'in»e. Wmrhesler. Eifwpid 
Hem \ luhn i Jarhi of Pmeto. 
nuHinlien Atenue Winches 
lei Saillv iiusmiI by his wile 
Lilith and nuiiiv knul fneuds 
ami lekitiyes. Funeral ser 
tire al St Marys Chapel. 
Chesil Slreel. on Thuisday 
Frhriiart 27lh al 3 15pm 
r.iniil* flatters, bid doiul 
linns it desired to The League 
of Friends of WUKhester 
Hospital, r o Joint Si eel & 
Son. 6 tttesil Sling. 
Wine hester. 

CLEMSON Helen on February 
24 1 h al I »n me ilaughler rtf Ihe 
lale J H Clrmsou. aged 98 
Ci .1 nation at SI John's 
Woking Friday 28lh Febru 
arv at 9 3Dam Family 
flowers on 1 1 . Donaiions if 
w-isiusi io The Royal Nation 
al liisitiule of ihe Blind 

CLIFFORD 'Geodrey i Miles On 
I'elwii.iii' 21 sl 1986. p»»fire 
hilly in nospiui in his 9CXh 
year Dearly belayed hut 
Iwinil of M.irv Turner 
Gie.illv bnerl l«y all Ihe iani- 
llv Funeral Servtre al All 
Samis CJmrrh. Brenrhlev. 
Kent on Friday- February 
28th al 3 p m followed by 
uilerunir-iil. Flowers lo J W 
Pope 81 Si Johns Road. 
Tunbridge WrIN or If desired 
(IniuitaiHiRs lo Cancer Eguip 
menl Fund r o Dr G 
Thomas Penbury Hospital. 
Krill TN2 40J A memorial 
sertire will lie held in Lon- 
dun lain 

CLIFFORD (Geoffrey i Miles on 
2! si in February 1986. 
INSirefnlly in hospilal in hK 
90lli year dearly helmed 
hiisl'iind of Mary Turner, 
greallv Imod bv all Ihe fam 
ilv. Funeral sertire al All 
Samis Chureh. Brenrhley. 
Kenl on Friday 28lh Febru- 
ary at 3pm followed by 
nilernienl Flowers lo J W 
Pope. Bl 51 Johns Rd Tun 
bridge Wells or if drsired 
rioiulions lo CLincer equip- 
ment fund r o Dr. G Thomas 
PinUnif y HospHai Keni TN2 
4iji A memorial sen ire will 
lie held iii London lalcr. 

COCKRAM on February 22nd. 
1986. suddenly but peaceful- 
It- al bis home. Lllllr 
CH(h.ird. Sidford. Phjlip 
John in Ins 7S!h year. Be 
loterl husband of llie late 
Mai gen Miriam, and faUirr 
of Indifh and Rirhard Cre- 
maiioii al Exeirr on Friday, 
leiiruart 28lh al 10.15 a m 

DfWLIY - I lefferirk Hill peare 
liillt on W rrftfuarv in 
Snner^-I agrri IU TiDveraJ on 
i < mI.iv PH m .vi KannsCfnirrh. 

I iim I mi ■*! rsotm I am i Tv flowers 
■silt bid ihiiiiiliims if netnm lo 
( hevl Mink" Awoc 
W( III -ail 

pher L E of 13 bl afford Road 
uotiihsra m the peare of 
Christ ai home on Sunday 
f'efii uarv Iblh 1986 The 
yntaie Funeral has taken 
pl.ire There wilt be a memo 
rial rrguinn Mass hi ut 
John's Roman Catholic Ca 
Ihrilral Edinburgh Road 1 
Poi isniniith on Salurday 
Marrh tsi al 11am. 

DORL1NG Robert Brian on 
f rtwuarv 19lh peacefully al 
Harestone Marie Curie Nurs 
mg Home atler a long illness 
biatriy horn qr rally missed 
l*v family and friends rrema 
lion lotknviiig a service al si I 
George's Church Ashlead 
Sin icy 11 30am Thursday 
retinkiry 27ih 1986 

DUNN .H handVrate, County 
liunim in fHnuart- 2411* 
i*eg> l*riiiiM. prfovnl niaoand 
■il in.' kite Alik i . deeply regret 
list fiy hr. nephews retail vet 
.•■Ml ii N-iirk RIP Rmngtfil le 

■kiy Hrdnniuv. from Oumns 
Iiiim-i.iI llpme. zb OrfSinule 
HU IHin l aoubiite la SI 
imeph's rniHTh Oanhule. ar- 
ming ai 5 or ran*. Funeral 
Inninimt, rtuirsoay. after II 
•>'■ pm i Rnnnem Man I 
IU.Neviu f e etrwl or. urn Cut 
Illlivi-IM IKdV 

I eiKuarv. Ytcloria. peaceful 
iv in f .iiinq Hospital. Funeral 
l*> lie held on 6th March. 
Mnftl.ikr Crematorium at 
1200 noon. All enquiries lo 
W s Bond Ltd. 19 Bond 
Nil eel. Ealing. W5. 
Ifleptione Ol 567 0422. 

GRIEVES an 22nd February 
aged 90 Arthur J M iJacki 
iy kurd husband of the tale 
M.n gery lev ed father, grand 
fiiihei ondgreai grandfather. 

HALLETT on Febiuafy 22nd 
i9Ht> peacefully al home 
Laurence Edward OBE FCIS. 
Hon I BPS aged 81. Dearly 
loved husband of Pal and un 
rl*’ of Beryl. Evelyn. . Lesley 
and Shirley. Sen ire al SI 
Sav Inins Churrh. Larkhall, 
B.ilh on Tuesday. 4th Marrh 
at 2 pm followed by rrema 
linn al Hay ram be 

('•irmnioniim. Bath ai 2.40 
pm Flowers lo R Davies & 
Non. 2 Beaufort West. Lon- 
tiuu Rd. Baih. 

HENSLOW. On February 
23rd. peacefully at home af- 
let a long illness. John 
Leonard Marlin, aged 62. Fu 
unm al SI Baiiholemews 

ciuirrh. R ovale. Near 

PeiersiieM al 2.30pm on Frl 
d.iv 281 h February. Flowers 
In Messrs. Lin loll and Son. 
North Slreel. Midburst or do 
n.ilions if desired la Motor 
Neurone Disease Associa 
tun . 3R H.i/etwood Road. 
Nnilhiimpton NNt 1LN. 

HUCKER Ernest George C B E. 
tale Lieutenant Colonel Roy 
at Engineers find Senior 

litre! lot of The Posl Office. 

Much Invcd husband, father 
.mil grandlallUT. al East 
iMiurnr on 24lh February 
|98c Funeral arrangements 
through Home A Son 19 
Soullt Slreel. Easlboumc. 

I anvilv Mowers only. 
HUTTON on 22nd February 
19Kb rtfrrd.i widow of Rob 
rif Ciomplon Hutton of 
I f>n pm mithp Grange 

r.liHH-esler yoiingm daugh 
l"t of Ihe l.ile William 
Vy.ilkire Brute of Kensington 
I niutnii. mol her of Robert 
biim. uahiirl and Caroline 
.■ued HI funeral Harescomhe 
(linn h 2 piii Thursday 27lh 
I ell mi Rowers liy reguesL 

IRVINE. Marlin Jami'S. on 
I "Ur i mi v 2rtin suddenly In in Bain Pnvaie rre 
i it. 1 1 mu .il Reading 

c leiii.ilonuin on Wednesday 
I rbi imi y 26lh 


T ANGYEa Jean NkoIi - On 
?2ml ol riHiruary 1986 of Nr L.miorna. Corn 
w.dl. (lie darling wife of 
thick, ageless Ihe belayed 
siMii of Barbara Bam ford 
f iinriaJ seixire ji Penmounl 

* ii-iiMloriuni. Truro. 

• I ici.uvnpv mappeli at 2 40 
pm on Thill sdav . Feb 27th . 
Htthinils of Rowers please to 
tap Jewell. 4 5 Daniel Place. 
Ib.||/.iin e 62681 Will taler 
lie <n* en io 6t. Michael's 
Impilal Havle 

LAKE on FebMiarv 20lh unex- 
pai lillly .il inniie in Much 
ll.nlli.uii. Herts Willoughby 
VIII Id .Mini bO Husband of 
I li/.iih-ln imi* Oarkei and fa 
II u*i of .nut Cathenue. 
Iuiiei.ll sertice al SI 
V tub ew's (-fturrh Much on Weitnesday 5lh 
M.n* Ii al 3fX) pm. Flowers 
In [l.inii-i Robinson 79 South 
Nil eel Bishops Sionford. 

LESSER John Anthony aged 
47. suddenly al home on 
23id februarv most deeplv 
I*** isl husband of Sara and 
i.iihiT of Charles and Janue 
.iimI mnrh Icned hrolher of 
Akin Ills overt* hv'ImJng tote 
will lite in oin hearts tor 
«t"i Requiem Mass at 
to ib.nn 3id Marrh. al 
- Uiuj* h of llie Holy Redeem- 
er f lievne Row SW3 
1 "ll.ivv.d by Iwnal at Pulnev 
\ al** t emel.irt nowers to 
I II Kenton 49 Martoes 
ifisni wr hi- 9 30am or do- 
n.itums a desired lo 

ULlEY on 22nd February 
iHSMiiiilh in aunhara Nurs 
iim*. Home Rrrkshill on Sea 
•uii-r .i tong iltnevt roura 
■leuiNly I Kim Kenneth Ward 
iiiihIi lotid father of Roger 
.mil Rnaii. faiher-m law or 
Ann and Lis anil dear grand- 
l.illu-r or Andrew and Kale. 
S.nah. Rarhei and James. 

I uneral Syrt ire at Si Marks 
(Tuirr Ii Lillie Common on 
Miimkiv 3rd March al 12 
iman follow. rn hv rrema lion 
al L. rti bourne. Family flow 
ns onlv bul i Iona! tons If 
desired to Cancer Research 
(-.iniriaign c o Mr. Brian 
llmliisnn >o5 Cooden Drive. 
CnoiJeii Berkshill- on-Sca. 

I .e-l Sussex. 

ULLEY Tom Micklem of Cam 
hiHlge and lale of SI 
I awienee School. Ramsgate. 
On 23ul Februarv 1986 aged 
69 f uneral service al 12.15 
pm nn Monday. 3rd March al 
l innhiniiel i. lined Reformed 
(-ninth. Tmnipiugtan SI. 
(-.iniiindge followed bv rre 
iii.iimn. No flowers. II 
ill-sired donaiions lo EJiiman 
ui-i l RC. rot Utile St 
Mary's Lillie. Cambridge or 
I iinidsof Adilenbrooks Hos- Hills Rd. Cambridge. 

LINES on February 23 1986 al 
Ills home Rokehill. TJie High- 
Linds. Paurtwirk. Clot 
Allierl Arthur tery dearly 
luted liuslvnid or Doreen and 
murh loved lather of Aldan 
and Svab. Funeral Service 
I 30pm on Monday March 
3rd .il Painswirk Parish 
iTiurrn followed by Crema- 
(inn at Chelienham. Family 
itnweis only by request, but 
n ik-qrcd donaiions in lieu 
mat- be tent lo The 
Painswirk PCC Bell Fund 
i o Tlie Vicarage St Mary's 
sii eel. Painswirk. 

PARSHAtX On l8lh February 
1986. afler a short illness. 
Hm.ire Field, much toted 
iiHtbaiid of Phyl and falltcr 
■ H S.iiah. Harry and Alice. 
Pi it. ne i uneral memorial 
s*-riHe lo he advised taler. 

PENROSE on 21 Feb Frances 

1 mily peacefully al her home 
Lillie Picket R logwood Hams 
in her 9011* yea* Funeral ar- 
i .HHieiiieiiLs hy Barrow Bros. 

2 Nursery Road R logwood, 
li'lf-nhone CM 25 42104. Fam- 
ily Rowers only donations If 
desired io Royal Society for 
peter* Alton of birds r o 
Biiriow Bros 

PHILLIPS iCtgnyi Cynthia 
RnsuiHmd inec BoddMey) 
Msivr of AtraeVa and 
HriTmonr on 19lh February 
19H6 Funeral Service on 
Tin u xrtay ?7ih February 
|9Hb ai si Mary's Church 
B.iiunse.-i Chuith Road. Bai 
terseo m 1 1 3oani. Flowers 
m cw. Tavior 45 Batbam 
High Road. London SW12. 
Tri Ol 673 4908. 

PIKE - on Feiiruary 2511* at 
home Bishop victor Pike 
dear I v toted husband falher 
and gramtf other. Funeral 
.irr.ingenienls pnvaie. A 
set vice of thanksgiving ror 
hm life will he held In 
h.ili>4iurv Camedreral on 
Naiiinioy 22nd Marrh al 12 

PIPER Geoffrey LyUe on 21 
I ebruary 86 Funeral 
Ametsham cremartonum 
>2 30pm P6ih February. 

RAWUNSON Sir- Anthony 
Keith k.t 8. on 22nd Febru- 
ary 1986 as a (nun of d 
rtimtung arrident on Crib 
Coch Snowitonto. Beloved 
. husband of Mary and laUur 
of Richard. John and Harry- 
Funeral service al 11am 
Saturday i March 1986 al SI 
Jude's Churrh Centra) 
Square Haimakrad Gardens 
Suburb Nwn followed by 
unvote cremation. No flow- 
era. The date of a memorial 
service will Dr announced 

READ ■ Dr. Cyril Ww. on 23rd 
February CM reel or of Educa- 
tion West Sussex. 1951 ■ 
1971. beloved husband of 
EutxHL father of Robin. Jen* 
niter. Alison and Onrgu 
and dearly loved grandfa- 

REES • peacefully in her sleep, 
at Sgtingbanfc Home. Barry, 
in her 97th year: Frances 
Mary Rees B.A.. O.BX. For- 
merly Headmistress of 
Cardiff High School far GUIs 
and toy member for Wales of 
The General Denial Council 
Sen treat All Saints Churrh. 
Hany, on Thursday 27ih 
Februarv. at ll am. followed 
bv cremation ol OynlafT. 
Pontypridd. 12 noon. No 
flowers. EnquHIrs lo A.G- 
Aflaim & Son. Barry 

RUSSELL On 2dlh Feta. 1986. 
William Thomas. of 
Mtrderrombe Farm. Stroud. 
Pi'icrvfleM. after a long iU- 
ne*s. courageously fought, 
beloved husband of Judy and 
dearly lov ed father of Philip- 
pa and Simon. Funeral 
service 2 pm Friday 28th Feta 
al Steep Churrh. Nr 
PetrrtiieM. followed by cre- 
mation 3.30 pm at 
ChirheslH- for family only. 
No Rowers please but dona- 
tions If desired to Ihe Bristol 
Cancer Help Development 
Trust. Grove House. Corn 
wants Grove. CbRon. Bristol. 
SABINE PASLEY on 171h Feta 
Hilda Mary (Boo) widow of 
Arthur and much loved 
mother of many. A ornate 
lamilv r rental ion has token 

SCOTT Winifred Beatrice 
Rodion! iFreddlei on 24th 
rrlH-uarv 1986 peacefully in 
her sleep of Moore Park 
Rick mans worth beloved wid- 
ow of Jeffery, and dearly 
loved mother or Tony and 
Graham and loving grand- 
mother of Rwhard. Douglas. 
Joanna. John. Geollrey and 
Michael Funeral at 
Rieakspear Crematorium 
Rmslip on Monday 3rd 
Maul* ai IO 15am in Uk 
W est Chapel. Family nowers 

SCRUTTOH Gladys Amy on 
22nri Tehruarv 1986. peace 
lull* ill a London Nursing 
Home aged 95 years, youn- 
gest ilaughler of Ihe tale 
Henry Juler helmed mother , 
at Penelope and Daphne. 
The Tuner al Service will | 
Like place al PiiUiey Vale 
Crenialoiium on Tuesday 
4lli Marrh 1986 at 1 1 50ani 
r lowers loT H Sanders 447 
I'Wier Richmond Rood Wrsl. 
lonilon SW14 

SHAW on February 22nd. Jo 
septiine Mary inee Simpson), 
willow of John Valentine Nliaw h’CMC KT. 

( i.-m.iinm private. 
sn-vire at VVInrheheA 
(3iunh on Monday Marrh 
5ill al 2pm No Rowers, do- . 
■i.iIhuis (o SI Michaels ; 
Hospice. I pper Maw HilL SI. 

I mii.irds on Sea 
SHELF ORO on 20th February 
19HO in his 81 si year 
1 1 mm. is Mortey (Barrister at 
Liwi Dearlv loved husband 
nt son i,i e Funeral SI 
m.ii wit el's Churrh. West 
IIimUiIv at 2 30pm on 
Wednrvlnv 2olh February 
iminw-rd by pnvaie rrema 
Hon r.niiilv Rowers only but 
rtf'ii.iiimis io Brush Heart 
l numkitioii 102 Gtouresirr 
Pkue. W1H 4DH. Memorial 
Ser lire al Lincolns Inn later. 
STANLEY on I eh 73rd peoreful 
Iv al poni*. Al HaoItw*. 

I lln lir-Al . sirlUv All*" nee 
ikliair IVAIIV l**ie*l wile al 
I Sir* .mil molher of Si mow, 
lufli. Hale .uirl Menu I urvrr 
,ol .il *vl Mtirvs Churrh. 

I iinliiigliin mi I rUAV 2fWh f eb 
.il 'em llnweis io CdMcrrd 
wmir a snn 5 Nomh Palkun. 
(KHlirsOi lei 7K?13o 

STEELE, on February 23n» In 
I'l iim ess Gi.h e HospILil in 
liiiulnn J**hn Owen Ehnes 
ileaHv I Died husband of Pam 
and Lither of Richard and Ja 
nef. I uneral Senvrc at -SI 
. John Tile. I v angel 1 st.. The 
m "ills. 1 . 11 e 1 sh.ini. Kenl on 
I liiirsdav Fehruarv 27th bl 
p in followed hy cn* 
malum al Charing 

Creni.iloruim All enquiries 
in III Keitv-on Lid. Tele 
phone 01 Q 35 3728. 
STUTTARD Dai id William 
Hnriiiev at F.llesmerc an Sun 
d.iv iisjh rehruary Brother 
nl John and dear unrle of 
loni and Jamie. Funeral Ser 
lire al LHesmere Parish 
rjuirrh al 12 noon Wedncs 
fkii 26 Fehruarv. fallow ed 
hv pin- Hr nomallon. Family 
I low,- is Do* Ml IO* is to Am 
nesu- iniernalional 
SWAFFIELD On February 
I 2 lli. suddenly whibl on 
Imlkkii abroad. Gerald LC. 
."led R2. of Third Avenue, 

I Ini*-, dearly loved and to* 
n*q husband, father and 
grand lather. Funeral private 
Doiki lions. If desired, lo The Catnedral Devet 
opmeni Trust. The Royal 
fJiaiilrv. Chichester P019 

THOMAS At home on Febru- 
arv 2-ilh 1986. afler a short 
illness Violet Amelia 1 Betty), 
hetoied wife ol Reginald 
I rank Thomas and loi mg 
and helmed stepmother of 
Noel. Funeral pniale 
hlOMWtlll On Irtnidi-V 8«lh 
irtMo Al All 1 util on Hal. Phyllis 
Marx I owl I rhOflMMOn. olio at 
ci.iiiimiIIi. -Vun-vsiwvih Tu 
m .(wuc will lake place on 
III ?H1h nf leh al .vnaOHDn 
(Iruf 1 ti. shmoshire. al 3 OOpm 
Nil Unwrrs bvl* dona 
lirm* I" Hie MN 1 I 
THORHEWILL - on 14th Fe6 
ruarv Kabrt 1 ooie iMollyi 
pear ef nil v in Cape Town af- 
ter a tong illness. Lovingly 
remembered by her rhtldren 
Felicity. Jeremy, Digby and 
PrrwiUa and I heir families. 
TKSHE On February 22. tn 
txnpikil. Beatrice Mary of 
Wmrhesler. hetoied wife of 
Don and dear mother of 
Aniony and Mlrky. Funeral 
seriKe at SL Mary's Chapte. 
Chesil House. Winchester, on 
Friday . February 2BUi al 
10.15 am. Family flowers 
only. Donalons if desired, (o 
lire BnUsh Heart Foondallon. 
rare of John sleet and Son. 
Chesil House. Winchester. 
A.C.I.S- Author and Lectur- 
er In hosptial on 20(h 
Februarv 1986 aged 67. He 
had. hart pubUshed some 60 
liooks on home wine making 
and brewing and the appreci- 
ation of wine. He lectured at 
home and abroad On these 
suburb. Ben also worked for 
■nnny years in Cxhollr cdu 
cation admin r$t rata on in 
Wpsimliwter Diocese for 
which he received a Papal 
Kiuqhthood in 196(9 and a 
Papal blessioq on Ihe eve of 
the 20th. Ben also dedicated 
himtelf lo SI. Vincents ortho- 
paedic hospital in Eastcofe of 
which he was trustee and 
chairman. Sadly missed by 
family and friends. 

VAN MOPreS on Salurday 
22nd Frbruary 1986 Bertha 
Cugenip iBa) peacefully at 
her home after a long Illness. 
Sen lee al Chlchester 
Crrmplortum 2pm Thursday 
Frbraruy 27 in. Famtty flow- 
ers only no kitcn please. 
DonaUons if desired lo the 
Macmillan Cancer Relief 
Fund King Edward the 71h 
Hospital Mrdhunt Sussex. 


WESTON, on February 21N. 
peacefully al home. Margaret 
•MigfiM. relic] Of Ark Weston, 
and much loved moihw Of 
Sophie. Andrew and Cm*- 
line. Funeral Sm*ce at Ail 
Saints Church. uggMarnhy- 
Whllby on Wednesday Feb- 
ruary 26ib at 1.15 pm. 
f ol towed by Private 

VnGflIH. On Friday February 
21d 1986. suddenly In 
Ten bury hospital. Maurice 
Wlqgln of 25 Cravles Mead. 
Tmtaury Wells. Cremation 
wrvlrc al Worcester cretna 
. torium on Friday February 
28th at 11.00am. Family 

. flowers only by renuesL Do 
nations if so desired (or The 
League of Friends of 
Toubury Hospital. Enquiries 
lo A H Catdicott & 5om. ll 
Crovs Street. Trnbury Welts, 
worn. 0584 B 10281. 

WOOD - on 22nd February 
1986. Joane Essex af Birch 
Farm. Arapney. Cruets. 
OrencMler. Funeral Service 
al Ampney SI- Mary Church 
a 2.00pm Tuesday 4Ui 
March. Family ftowera only. 
Donations to Cancer Re- 
search Campaign C. O 
Packer A Slade <FDi 1 cuy 
Bank Rd Ctreneeper. Tel 
<02851 3525. 

WOOLNOUGH ■ On February 
the 17U1. very suddenly. 
Charles Robert Algae JP. of 
Nnuthwoid and formally of 
tuiKweil mu. dearly loved 
husband of Kathleen and lov- 
ing lather of Richard and 
Timothy. The (uneral has 
taken place. 

WYLLYE-Un I rMlwiV 23 BiJct A 
vlMl illnev. Gnaid Hugh ne 
Iim *ih hustund <M Ihe kite DO«v 

lliv ami tovnl falher aim 

1 AiuU.rtlm CtnTHliw m n ale 
Nn IknwHb 

YOUENS John Monlague on 
24th Februarv 1986 aged 
63. for 40 yearn Ihe beloved 
husband of Barbara Father 
of Simon. Jonathon and Deb- 
01 . ih. Service of Thanks 
Giving al (he Church of Si 
Marv. Malrombe on Thurv 
rtav 27lh February at 12 
noon. No (towers, but dona- 
lions If desired to Cancer 

YOUNGMARK Lore Uohanna 
I eonore Srnaeforl 

11 . 1 ml weaver and Teacher, al 
home afler a years illness, on 
22ml February 1986 aged 


FINN RrUnra ann Hrtow. I ! 
year old todnv. happy birth 
rial- with love front Mummy I 
.nut Lkuirtv. 

HARRAP ■ C'AiMqp I’.iuB MaUiO. I 
1*0411 I rtaiMiv 19115 Much ; 
InisNnl hr Uie M.MI who loved 
him I 

REES ■ I*. ill. it Ones a. 23rd 
1 hmu.ii 1 197h Herurm herrO 
1*1 iikini- 


LAWRENCE - A memorial ser 
iMr will he held for Mr Brian 
t awrenre. Deputy Managing 
Director of Timm Newspa- 
pers. at SI. Brides. Fleet 
Nil eel on Wednesday 26U> 
I ebruary al 12 00 noon 
( rtieqiies tor Canm Research 
Campaign- r o Red Lion 
I ami. The Green. SarratL 



Air *mi 4 train mm* a vfuksf 
.gn I8r*- if *v' , tt-o CampAnwra 

wMhmiWBiertisJiHwdi gwfl, 

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lau-n tfhwAK mriuk’.fm Mn 
lur* iM-bsid pEM uneyad DP 
Iu ll orvt, hr her Wlfc no** ® 

Camp America, 

37, Queens Gate, 
Londoa SW7 
or ca» (M-581 2378 



nasNDSMP. Love or Mamaoe. 
AH Mrs area*- damho*. D«k 
(7sTi 23 AHngdon Road, lmi 
<un ws Ter 01-938 ion. 

ASPtmNQ noauumc novel- 

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BALDWIN Antiques rep utrp 
raa tap A potk-ual deato. Book 
raw UMV rtwirSi by 
lurdnAn. ehnlM. ptrhnw e»C. 
01685 0148 or 01228 2716 

gland ii irrtond. cxceneni 
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week or dam. Ter. 0755 
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lertanauLv Heaulrful I ooctl 
I foil ( Vkpapn Id huv now M- 
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sire. Mims in irom M 1.1 .000 
Tel (HU GOH4 inrsi 
PIANO. Mvdiuni st/rd ipnqM I 

1 st rlass * oti 1 1 I sms I'an at 

■ amp* <|ptiievi Ol 4S3 0*45 

sale Cl 3 COO Ol 77H 6177 



con D'AZUR ao-mtoW Mjy- 
. cnauntod . i dovcm a i^ vran y 

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rim eiOO. wwW Rhorw 
063528608 Or OlO 3394 


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v IMM from Heathrow RSO^M* 

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Muses, vfflas- 5PBPB a Mtaamy 
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8383 . 



Hohdovs •>) dnuorMP far the 
-smv few. Trt Ot-om 0852. 73 
.81 Janies H sareet. SWT 


HAMELLA. GtudaHMna '• 
« ootcc ewretleui hUj» witnawn 
pools Patron A Pxnur OX-493 
572S - - • 

NMXAIHICM t JWOOln resort Ip S. 
Spam llltn ACM Sat fa Ool 
Muim na ta.Mimp* Sncti 
Bov Hoh 0438 270185 ATOL 
ACT J*17 



To Austria 16/5 lor one 
week Mm rumen Cl 37 bad 
board Seals Only 
fidtw-n k/MiMurh C75 

ftnratnqtuun/Munieh - 06 
Mam-nester/Munarh CM 

GaJwtrk-'Timn . C8S 

Tel 071 704 522 2 
4 flit 162 ART A 35771 



a oiifvniw 
i on uni iwi skunc 
PtttNtaPAt i rv or 

rvrvrtOHSrtV . . 

Ol 741 4686 Obi 236 0019 
A lOl 437 (AM AITO 




togstter wft tod •«*. wfc^ fcwrWL Experience 

§1-722 71B1 

* Wellington Road. 
LontollWS 9SP 


to work as pan of a team Jh ah excitius new 
.ffcevcfopmcni xewdential fiats. Work, will be 
varied, comprising of a 40 hour wok. and will 
coonncocc mid to cod April Applicants must 
hold a onrem UK driving licence. Apply in 
1 writing io Sally Coffins, 77 Palace Court, Lon- 
don W2 4JE 01-243 1383/6 


CHRISTIAN AID invites applications (br new 
senior post of Head of Fundraising. Applicants 
must have relevant charily, utsiiiauonal or 
fundraising consultancy experience in data- 
based mailing, doiwr-acquisiiton through direct 
response advertising, and commitment-building 
by direct mad. Ability to control budgets, to lead 
team of eight and to participate with other se- 
nior executives m Staff Management Team. 
Scnsiiivitv to overseas partners and beneficiaries 
essential. Understanding of the chinches' role in 
dcvrtbpmcm aid. and sympathy with Christian 
standpoint desirable. Saury £1 i J00-£ 1 3.650 (re- 
view April). 

Apply in writing only for job description and 
application form, enclosing 24p stamped ad- 
dressed envelope, to: 

P tiwnat l Officer, 

Christian Aid, 

- P. CL Bex 1, 

London 5W9 8BH. 

Closing dale March 27th. 1986. 

■V. seer* nn I ml -2 load A 
think 1 * 1 * Kl*. n nine 

■VI laM ■* lent qiLihlv rteriif 
Irli.iliM lea ai iHUtfic By mad 

Will" In, ilrUlh lo 
-St JMMii', To* Ltd. 
Aqt T. 

Sir Itin LyM HUM , 
Upynr hum, M, 
ladu CC4V »« 

01448 4117 

■WeeluUvi (MW 


FIDS FOR MEN *u mahem ortm*. 
021 2 V. 9547>Businewi. at 
MB6 6V5M ilInmetiD 
Mi. Henuld am? soM. 01^99 
n&4*> .li 

PtARTTYi luv 4Ww Mullet 
iminioI Ihe Own Iv I'ornmrv 
widiv pcfipove III make a 
K* hmi" fn* Uiwrlwiltv Camel 
■4 Hie ita.dl K* hime iur be oB 
kuiinl n am limn *Hel 

14DIHI I Hal 14 Hroer-SUeel. 

I niMten. WW I V 6-UI UlHFT 
Itolr. . 1 * 1*1 MnjanlHinv nwv 6r 
vnl In Ihem wrthin one raandi 
•knm naUn 

FLCASC HELP Ihe Nallan.d Re 
ik-v "I t-nl fund' Inr Ihe .Vqed la 
inaiHle -leu,' mo. Imiww for Ihe 
iHhH id yam in lomMiax like 
. 1 * llll lie* ijofl hum a marhine 
I ln*i.ilJnrvs ideas.- In hie Vis 

• •■uni I miv Panov. Uunun 
WT V .15 Newport ML I andon. 
1(2 MINII 

gnu is ie* enl i llh I arm leaver 

■ ni VMjIvpe lei ms. tor 12 
nmnlhs -4.M In mi apnl netails 
limn (keeiiwnmK sollnlots. 
*i(1 High Mini. Marrh. Combs 
1115 mi Phone *03541 

In* *e**in*l l*wi Trundail In 

■ lnrt*-.ali falm and 14 nnliK' 
Imiei ,*r< omnwnlalioii 27ih 
I*4il5lh Mai < PI run rosi 
11.400 No nwamalilr Olli-T re 
liea-ii oi aOo 7QHO irtl : 

YnH* OUrtr formerlv ol 
liiMinai *s urn, a* Ovmvia Be 
X*- nail lie. hanl .1 Parbnr.i de 
Iwxle. iP O Box 171. 8000. 

I a,o. AiOiHnp. Portugal. and 
lm*» (orw-arn lo lorward lo 
iie.umg non* ah I nose who en 
mini Ml Muwr* m her day 

VIENNA exawurae. IB year OM 
snn (K l lennme professor seeks 
Hnlish bos uneresKxl m ex 
I Iwnue « hats Tel Ol 730 2640 

ilrarl and Ml lude for lav PUIS. . 
Ihnmised puBhralra*i “ 

fmle. M iVMlwnv for ureal 

I as roil s 

BONHAMS Montpelier Modern , 
■Vrl Courses, sec Ldurnoon 


Fehruarv 1986. m Durham 
Calhedral. Waller Taylor 
married Betty Berrlman. The 
very Reid. Hie O-an. Dr. 
Peter Baetz. offlcialed. 

on Friday. I4in February 
1986. Peter, only son of Mr 
and Mn Jark Holmes. Drum- 
head. Car dross. 

Dumoartanshln*. lo Etotne. 
ctdesi daughter, of Mrs 
Margaret Shaw. EgremofiL 
Chartolle SlrecL 

Hewosaurgh. and me late 
Mr. M Allan Shaw. 

The Marriage of Miss Heather 
Pit ley and Mr. Charles 
Hollander look place In Cam- 
bridge on Salurday February 


23 vnorx bonking 20 year* in. 
wnonie nuHTtence who 
iiYOOfUqw Ihe FTnanrtal 
Rmatulnn Utkina pfare on ihe 
llwh filtrm is kern to wne 
dHV Urge MganHonon propw 
um lo oiler muHIple DiunrU 
xtshp* from US nUMMM 
Bose London or Ihe Southern 
counties Rndy lo BOX C38. 

HEART to HEART. Todays way 
4 OieHin**. ConHdemiM Iniro* 

dtuitom UKovgngwi LK (Of 

fompaoMmship. rrteadsMp, 
Mumaoe. Htmi io Heart. 32 
I otidon Rd. Twdrkentvm.' 
MkKIx Ol 4m 2051 . 

CALIBRE CVS profeudonaUy 
wnilen and produced 
rutrtrtdum iHae doc um e nt, . 
UrliUD*. 01-580 2069. 


I mu .V hr*J. Inx rial. 5 mim 
shill *S. Slalion el* . 1 veer lease 
OHIO PI m (his utrludrs all 
MiHnww ™rw phone, con 
Ol MG2 2471 eves 

FULHAM. IHile tied M.CR Col 
rv * Wash mash ♦ Cleaner. 
New larprfs Avail: 3 4 mun. 
(to let CIOO pw. lei 385 3801. 

KensUHflan (tol I s 24llr «iH. 
Ill . n«iwun AMs. Ol 373 

Mnnlaane Sauare Wl 1 Bed. I 
irtpl LIH5 pm 019363393 

renlral I inann from C32S pw. 
Ring I own llse Apis 373 3433 

kiw l 2 bed. s r apt nejd lo 
J’ofk Maul imi 373 6306 IT>. 


SMT7 Pro* Mide lor self r on lamed 
beds*!, nwn phone Oaw 
(Hnur<wler Rfl luhe. C2S0 pen* 
IN Ol 373 I9|5 

SWis ihoi. ps*. ns. own room, 
m hunt*! pleasant DM wnta CH. 
Nl Malmn k42pw exr. Ol 769 
7672 Alin 6 OOpm. 

■Wl Kukdilr eBernUie. Mon lo 
III large roam ni mod town- 

I muse Own leiephane A Colour 

|-V C50 pw Tel 834 7425. 

(SUNOTON S*NI rouple. DWe 8r. 
aU amemlies. rlose lo pubur 
Irarrsoarl. u* CH. C76 pw. 
Short kipovs TH- 01 4864151 

illavl 226 0441 lEvrJ 
SW1L. BEDSIT, fully furntahed. 
inc looking rartliUe* 8 mm* 
rartum Junruan. Fun 
C36 pw Refs mseaual. Tn Ol- 
223 6901 

Wl 1 Professional M F to share 
tiewlv ronierted tniurr ILM. 
Close Tube C65 pw Of 688 
4010 (work! 01238 1863 

II vesl 

DALHAM M T req for 3 tied flM. 

Sfunowsownrm Ctoselolube. 

LI6C* prni. l-srfudlnp Mils. Tek 
Ol 673 0303 oiler 6 pm. 
FLATMATES bem-the Shartnp. 
Well null introductory service 
Phe lei lor appt: Ol 689 6491. 
313 Brampton Road. SW3 
FULHAM 2 Large single rooms In 
knurl* firuy (Hied house wUn 
garden C&B p w. Tef iBetayi 
222 051 1 toavt 7 31 2601 level. 
IDEAL PON CITY Young prof la 
hit hn Me in Docklands. Own 
room C40 p w. + Mils Phone 
Surah 01-928 6069 eg 4136. 
BBUHOTOH. remote under 27. 

rtwre 1 other lux fla*. own 
>«mi. CH. CI56 pern Aiiu 
7 3 Cl 607 0816 afler 7 pm. 
MOKPRI arrom. Aian kn FuL 
i>4m or Clapham. E35- 
VoQpw I no Tel 01-622 93B3 
or Ol 603 4432 me*. 

Nl m f. o t to share 3 storey 
house wlm garden. Turn. UOO 
prm r«m 3M Mom* Trt. Ofl 
Ol 2802680 or Kn 264-7036 
SW17 3 people regvMrrd for 
O Ri in luxury hone. AD nmc* 
Junes. Ctoie Lo luhe. £150 prm 
- BIB-V Tel. -June 672-6040. 
SWll Profiwqonai MMe 26* to 
marr nvimed. luxunotK itad 
near Battersea Pork. £220 sen* 
exrl 01 228 7269- 
TURNHAM GREEK Prof F n/s io 
vhr r/h . Use nr lube £im 
■ iF.JJl. ««. Ol 996 6896 After 

WANTED tn N or w London 
■Zones. 1 & ?1 Flal/rwe •hare for 
praf n*. £40 p w max. Wl 623 
WHO x 2B8B eve* 727 1478 
24* N S Me rm 111 Aug. Comf. 
dal £40 pw l net 673 1310 
(3i. km fiat o n nr tube £48 
pw. ot 737 1110 eves. 


£7. 1*1 I lo shall' sjMmKW 0.U 
(> i. 20 naiwt uv kiaap.rm 
Ol 705 o7HP 

anlv liirl Own mum m mre 
llal to5 pw «*.97 7477 . . 

KEW 7 wl l ms rood hsr- wnl rrli 
■Me IWOI ladiro IJ.MB pn 
01-940 9H1 1 - - 

BL 73 n •> seeks n.r in shared 
Rv m SW I mu km lei 02S7 
7141 1.3 eves 

2ND F hi slkiie tvrsm v flat 
IIMiiev. 7 niim. Un . o r- 
147 00 pw Trt. 7K9 1067 
NWZ luMlee I im-n/v lespnnsltale 
fNrd pel sun n/l. rh. lef regd. 
Kltopm in* I ni 450 8777 
SE IS Own innm lor female In 
slued Imre tkiirten CIX7 
pi m HM I 1*4 01639*4108 
SHARERS. UedsKs • All rIMV 
WS* rMKcs, l of into lei 627 
7610 I lamrtn* .riots . 

SWfll IVef m lo share (IrtraMIul 
hse A *41* gwn-rndm: =£160 
Plin, lei .eves 'Ol 5H&.0603 
•WIT 'thill | 76+ N h pref 
«J H il* t: II Use 1140 nrm 
rwl lei 767 **747 ail 6 pm 
EWEtoofni i.i* i.iUmdiam, 
UMI f lose I ill** f^Opwexclu 
■41 e Ol V7S 1402. alter 8 pm.' 
W JIAMPSTEAD 1 ■* nl 1 75 * O/f. 
t h. adfi . L45 P w inti Of Utl 
dooOafhn OP"* 

■M uuKnmei n sirrMp-l Of: 
407 6071 eX- TOP n 5ZT7R9R 
WIMBLEDON large sfuurd 
name, in luhe. f eniaP* I rqinrcd. 
O H 11.10 prm 647 &2N8. 

r.airreci dialer Parties 
IVnus Raibeuues • 
and Parhes 

Inrheme I MlK 

lam, and Whip - 
Ring O! 370 0999 
AM 1820 

SKI TKNES Is! Mans. < Per tons 
■Mdm. null Ha* el. hnen. 6 
nav Mil pass. CI 72PP or rMered 
< b.rii -1 wnn eqmpmenl and a> 
MUM Iron crufipa CaRHklVal 
Ol 9U 4444 or Ol 200 6080 
■74 lusi AH ( A 55431 ATOL 

fc-!s halels .<IU> invents, air 
slnpi loarb and self drive 
Hooking hatuee wdh Artmsa 
. Visa. Ski Wert 0575 804811 

MARCH BARGAINS l oo resorts. 
Oesl snow. I ally meted rtltoeu 
linn 1779. aparirarnis from 
• 4.1 V».hv an. SKI MacCTOl 301 
.5*46 Arm 


nr sell rain mu Rk OoBCB or 
. ill- I inro £79 Plume- now far 
m*r Ur or Inn pv Ilerkers Travel 
(*1 17.1.WI ■ 

lies Sony Vars mr loHer.-OT 
7 mb Toil Iji toil* nnoi 

SKI njams ikulv to Geneva. 

/■■rail. Murmh etc from. CM 
Ski Wnl 0373 86483 1 • I 

SKI LCSALPES (Ot- tonv IMI. | 
dais in IrrtMCt Please lef for 
■Malls Ol 602 3085 - - - 

SKI MORGRiS 4md tosnxjnfr* 
ai .ukriMe lor Mar A April Ring 
- 0691 71 3570 

riming, we need van to Mn nur 
Uvan proi idmga wirr lo (he 
jn >ws and fashum'lcarir Cndu 
airs 71* pie* err*sl Ol >20 
. 0414. 

i72 • > writ* mesndv . reauml 
* r **xi m cwldM rarntnyi 
srTwme I x* mem managnmsii 
pwwfs Hum Ol 22 2 41BI 
MTUIMHt KSMK requires 

owjsloid. wnn qn a l lfl f Mlo m. 
nn widlimiMnv m Wl. The 
rime 111 629 6M52 



requires Housekeeper for beautiful country 
home near Newbury. Berkshire. Friendly, hap* 
py atmosphere. 2 daughters, hows A pels, 
fgroom also cm ployed). Attractive, shared 
bungalow accommodation and salary offered 
to intelligent, well educated person, non smok- 
er. able Id cook and drive. Use of car and other 
perks. Phone Bunbeny Agency Cheshire 
(0829) 260148 office horns 

mtt SUM drtMtmpl 7A»N 
MMioap m NNBacM My ll 
Nnd » inn tf kms 

cMbtn and cooling. She an 
choose whe th er she pram t» 
bueDio-ooi BfMog n. eneteR 
aomotam s prowded. B ml 
me rreteifd Dans d wait 
. woeMht Imu 1J0 fun. wU 8 
Am CWw help tem Good refer- 
vna* iMirr«l. The sttnmon S 
MbuTbora nNApal TML 
- fltpfy to SOX C33^n» teitphnw 
BMW HS1. Mr A BMk 
(oHcb taona^. 

»' 1 miw rrgi m e ri for rhiM 
tialM m 1««A etc witti Ihe koh 
,«v I rv . Matt I gnwittaMk 
AJrietshol Trt 0252 315)69 

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NmngM. JaTUirg. Cairo. Du- 
Baa. Nanhul bmmmr. k.U 
Orthl. Bangkok. Mono Kong. 
Sydney. Eorope. A .The 
Ampiwx ruimnqo - Train. 
3 New Qurier-M Mm trie 
Arch London WJH 7DD. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open hmurday lOOO'ISOO 

o w C39S rm £645 Auckland 
o w £420 rtn £774 JalMirg 
O w £264 » Ul C 4 70 Los Aoge- 
Uxo w £171 nn £336 London . 
nmhl Ontre Ol 370 6132, 


WerMwide low rod fHghto. 
Thebeii «od weranDroieH 
(70.000 rnenii wr 1970 ' 
I ROM £765 

E40S E770 
eiM (383 
£225 £482 
£189 £292 
£237 £474 
£250 £390 
£241 £420 
£160 £270 
£231 £391 
£289 £473 
£253 £484 
£187 £329 
£120 £240 
£ 75 £89 

bMoprnm* tog tM 01-937 5400 
bong Hart Fights 01493 ISIS 
IMJButtoOM OM 01-931 MM 

■ husv praMwiul rouple. Cm 
end rhxNUixi. game rooking 
Prefer ■angle Ijngnih lady oui 
GO Own room with rotom. ' 
T V . boar it. pl*n Cl 20 pw 
Please ran RS3 4738. I 

irau offers M help. Dm, or 
Hie m slafi I'K A oieneai Au 
Ihur Agmrv lid 87 RegenKGL 
loridon Ol 439 6534 


Tiairtwwe Ol 441 1111. 

Wands Ol 836 4385 
Unr-ET-GA R OHHC wmhnriq 

MrmJwuie sips 7 8 lOiNy 
'rti Not Aug. 01 866 9047. 


WMi Mulitr A obdily. Musi 
Imie mb. air seriire exomenre 
- and earrtleM referent n. AtnU 
(V lo - speak Spamsn an 
odioniage. Aw 25 40 Saury 
C7 500.CIL500 neoadaMe Con 
lort Mw Howard Pnre. Jersrs 
»** w Ith-encedl 01 828 2063 

HOUSEKEEPER wdh presto*** 
expeoenre and no lies for Lon 
den ImpMh sulle. Own sir 
. (lot. Musi sonde fluent. English. 
Age 40 55 Malar v i fry negaUa 
I*p" Apply imrs Agenrv. 35 
Rramplaa Road. London SWA 
Ol &H9 1941 fCmpkwmeal 


■muUGMT Houseman re- - 
gun eii mr « nmesviral ho*nr 
(tonsuiuul vosiuon. lo lirtP * o_ 

Ote p*or1i*e Inl er es Un g de pr 
nurunno. n-gtonsiMe oosKlan. 
(lton gurlris seme rMeruni- 
Uto ReMV lo BOX C31 . 



KtoLLDKCA For rourtrystof 
housev seaside iiUasor a lam 
Unuse hwnry an win* pooh 
anil away limn ihe ctoimk. n9 
Pidruia WUriMood Lid 0749 
Ml 7023 or Ol 658 6722. ABTA 
A tOt. 1276. 

.single -Worn 
Jo-born Har C30O £466 

NalraBI C2» t32S 

CMro £130 £200 

law C235 £335 

Drl Bon . £220 £340 

'Bangpok X195 £330 

Ooull ' £420 

Afro Asian Travel 

162 368 Regent SJWI. 

TBU 01-437 82SSJB7T/B 

COSTCUITERS OK- lUghll. hols 
JO rurape. I'M A.moa.dmttna- 
ton DMinui Travel- 01730 

Art Galleries 

MODERN ART1945-1985 

1?Rabruaiy-27 April 

Prep & Public Schoob 




Roraiedgci Farnham Sorrej 
M FRIDAY 28th FEBRUARY at 1 o45|ms 

TJ* most compiehansm tfisptey yk seem of the, 

WbddNiyiMeRnfc^tooMNNidieetbcidioolp teag Coa tK a^ 
HcKbaScr'i Seaway, its SaeRktarf : 

Nearly 1-4 ndllioa of the 
most afflue^ people in the 
coontry read the classified 
ndmnns of The Times. The 
foUowfosj categories appear 
regnbaiy every week, and 
are generally acc om pa ni ed 
by retenmt editorial articles. 

Use the coupon (right), 
and find out how easy, fast 
and ecuDwucaJ it is to adver- 
tise m The Times Classified. 

MONDAY EdoctffoB: Unrvcr- 
5tiy Appomtmcnts. Prep. A Public 
School Appoimmems.Eduaiional 
Couises,Schoiai3hip5£ FeUou^hips. 

TUESDAY CauQwter Horizons: 
a comprehensive guide 10 Uw 
computer niaiieL 
Legal ARMiatawiBs: SoliciknE. 
Commercial Lawyers. Le^l 

Officers. Prirate & Public practice. 
Legal La Crime: a new classifica- 
tion Tor top legal secretaries. 

WEDNESDAY La Crime de b 
over X7.5QQ. Genecal secrmriaJ. 
Property: Residential. Commercial, 
Town* Country. Overseas, Rentals. 
THURSDAY General Aypoot- 

mcRtKChiefExecuiivcs, Managing 
Directors. Directors. Sales and 
Marketing Executives and Overseas 
Appoimmenis. Including a new 
dassification entitled FoneUnd 
AccoadaocyAppiRMiBCKts. . 


FRIDAY Metres: A compile car 
buyers' guide featuring established 
dealers and private sales. 

Boslaess to Badness; 

SdBng property. franchises, "• . 
equipment etc, to smaH and huge 
companies or businesses. ■ 

• SATURDAY Ovetseas TVbycU 
Holidays abroad. Low cost (lights. 
Cruises. Car hire. UJL torch 

Hotels. Catches. Ho&day lets.- - 


Prt Friewteu new classification ror 
young readers to con toetpet^rfewi tii 
•Tm3arinieresis«homeaodc’ , areeas. 

i3£Slrm : • 

Tate Gallery 

... MRahUlondonSWl* 7 

mm 1 ^ 

Rates aze Lineage £4 per line (ram. 3 fines). Boxed Display £23 per single 
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regional news, weather 
and traffic at 257. 74?. 

national and 
international news at 740. 
7 -30. 8.00, 8 JO and 9.00; 
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financiaJ advice. The guest 
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940 Ceefax 1040 Pfay 

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This week's edition of the 
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cope. 11.15 Ceefax. 

1240 News After Noon with 
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1.00 Pebble M01 at One. Sue 
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245 International Footbafl, 
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Harvey. Weather. 

645 London Plus. 

740 Wo^n. Tonahr s guests 
include (an Cnarteson 
Ruby Wax, De&a Smith, 
and Simply Red 
7.40 No Place Like Home. 
Domestic comedy series 

starring William Gaunt and 
Patricia Garwood as the 
put-upon parents of grown 
up children. (Ceefax) 

8l 10 The Co&ys- Faflon's 
memory returns at long 
last and Or Parris's 
treatment helps her recall 
the events that took place 
between her and Adam 
Carrington on the eve of 
her manriage to Jeff. 
Meanwhile. Jason signs a - • 
contract with arth-rival, 

Zach Powers. (Ceefax) 

9.00 News with Julia SomervUie 
and John Humptvys. 


940 Q-EJkStoht for Sara. The 
story of the fight by 
surgeons to cpve sight to 
Sara Bryce who was bom 
in January 1985 with 
cataracts in born eyes. 


945 Thames news headlines. 

940 For Schools: chemicals 
Iran salt 942 Maths: 

collecting things 1041 
How a potato becomes a 
packet of crisps 1043 
English; Friedrich, a novel 
byHans Peter Richter, set 
m Nazi Germany 1140 
Poetry by children from a 
Merseyside estate 1140 
Talking about the past For 
the hearing impaired 1147 

Science: evaporation and 

1240 Moschops. Adventures of 
a prehistoric monster (rt 
12.10 Our Backyard (r) 
1240 Wish You Were 

Judith Chalmers 
frws a fly/drive holiday in 
tne Camargua; Annaka 
Rice continues her tour of 
Europe by train; and Chris 
Kelly samples farmhouse 
accommodation in 


(ITV440pm)carries so much 

radio programmes “Kgs*?* 

asyou make an ometette 
without breaking cogs. so 
you can't write a h&tory of 

BBC 2 

by SteyeWider.'wgh^ts 
from this afternoon's 
games in Tel Aviv between 
Israel and England: and in 
Paris between France and 
Northern Ireland. Plus a 
profile of Teny Lawless 
including h>s own 
assessment of his charge, 
Frank Bruno's, chances 

southern Ireland (r) 

1.00 News at One 140 Thames 
news with Robin Houston 
140 A Country Practice. 
Medical drama series set 
in a small Australian 

outback town 

240 On the Market Susan 

s Brookes and Trevor Hyett 
with the best and freshest 
rood bargains. The guest 
cook is Josceiirte 
Dtmbleby 3.00 Gems. 
Drama serial set the 
Covent Garden workshops 
of a fashion design 
company 345 Thames 
news headlines 340 Sons 
and Daughters. 

440 Moschops. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
noon^lO BH1 the Minder 

440 The Wail Game. 

Pupils from Wooden Hill 
County Primary School are 
toined by guest Mick 
Robertson In this wek's 
theatre workshop 4.45 
The Book Tower. Roger 
McGough with fast 
programme in his literary 
senes for children (Oracle) 
5.15 Blockbusters. Bob 1 
Hofness presents another 
round of the quiz game for 

545 News640 Thames news. 
645 Help! Viv Taylor Gee with 
information on walking 
frames - how to choose 
them and how to use 

645 Crossroads. Anne Marie 
teams the tnith from Roy; 
while things are not going 
_ _ Miranda's way in court 
740 This is Your Lae. Eamonn 
-Andrews-springs a. •. .. 
surprise on another 
‘ * unsuspecting ^jest 
740 Corprwtioiv Street Susan 
and Ken Bartow face each 
other; and Phytiis Pearce 
brings her 'dumping men' 
technique into way. 

• (Oracle) 

.840 TVTiraes Ton 10 Awards. 
Viewers' fTV favourites in 
ten categories, introduced 
„ by Peter Bowles. 

940 Passing Clouds. A 

645 Open University: 

Psychology -ifs a Matter 
KB Sfe 0 "-^" 7 ^ 
948 Daytime on Two; science - 
cleaning 1040 For four- 
and five-year olds 10.15 
investigations 1048 Using 
CSE maths at work 1140 
Words and pictures 11.17 
Going fishing with 
Arbroath trawtermen 1140 
A 14-year old comes to 
terms with a crippling 
injury 12.10 David 
Bellamy s continues his 
series on the natures and 
uses of trees 1245 
Lesson seven of the 
course for aspiring rock 
musicians 1.00 For adults 
studying O-level maths 
1.15 An introduction to 
higher education 148 
Alternative technology 
2.00 What shopping was 
like at the turn of the 

century 2.18 A forest walk 
and a visit to a seashore 
2.40 AH about the weather. 

3.00 Ceefax 342 RegionaJ 

345 The Chucktehounds, 
starring the Chuckle 
Brothers 4.05 Heathcfiff - 
toe Cat (r) 4.15 Jackanory. 
Peter Davison with part 
three of The Sheep-Pig, by 
Dick King-Smith (r) 445 

Laurel and Hardy. 

Cartoon 440 You Should 
Be So Luckyf Quiz game 
and talent contest series 
featuring pupils from 
drama schools around the 

845 John Craven’s 

Newsround 5.05 Sticks 
and Stones. Drama serial 
about a mother and her 
son who escape from a 
violent Glasgow home to 
inner-city London. 

540 News summary. Weather. 

545 Bridge Chib. Improve 
one's game with advice 
from Jeremy FiinL 
640 Film: Angel Fore* (1952) 

* iobert M it chum, 
Jean Simmons and 
Herbert Marshall. Drama 
about an ambulanceman 
who becomes the 
chauffeur to a family when 
he becomes infatuated 
. with the spoiled step- 
daughter of the 
household. Directed by 
Otto Preminger. 

74ft put of Court. Among the 
items in this week's edition 
of the law and justice 
pogramme is an item on 
horse stealing. 

8.00 All Our Working Lives. 

Part seven of the series on 
Britain at work in the 20th 
century focuses on 
. working the land (r) 

tobacco adcBction without 
showing how damnably 
seductive cigaratta 
advertising has been, and how 
respectable some of the 
weed's endorsers have been 
(Oftvier.Tarzan, Ronald 
Reagan, and even Monty who, 
though he despised the rutort. 
was not averse to handing out 
packets of morale-boosting 
tags to the troqps4efore the 
next big pushLThere was 
even a time when that nice, 
cosyond reactionary 


240 Snooker. Dickie Davies 
introduces coverage of the 
third quarterfinal in the 
Duiux British Open, from 
the Assembly 

440 A Phis 4. Mavts Nicholson 
talks to Itafian actress 
Sophia Loren about her 
life and career, 

440 Countdown: Yesterday's 
winner of the anagrams 
and mental arithmetic 
game is challenged by Jim 
Oberst from Acton, west 
London. The 

guestionmaster is Richard 

540 AtfcejSaTs moths’ pays 
the diner a visit after 
obtaining a ’quickie' 
divorce in Mexico and, on 
the rebound, faHs for the 
local high school 
basketball coach and 
becomes the team's 

540 Shakespeare Lives. Peter 
Bogdanov presents the 
second and final part of 
his examination of the 
Bard's The Tempest. 

640 The Christians. Bomber 
Gascoigne continues his 
series on the history of 
Christianity, first shown on 
the rrv network in 1977. 
with the story of the 
Jesuits' rote in the post- 
Re formation period. 

740 Channel Four raws 
includes reports from Nik 
Cowing on Gorbachov's 
efforts to introduce 
computers into everyday 
Russian life; and from 
Jane Corbin on 
tomorrow's referendum in 
Denmark on whether or 
not the country should 
stay in the Common 

740 Comment. The pofiticai 
slot this week is taken by 
Virginia Bottomley. 
Conservative MPfor 
Surrey South West 

8.00 The American Century. 

This eighth programme in 
the series on the history of 
Time Life's cinema news 
magazine. The March of 
Time, includes Answer to 
Stalin, which concluded 
their anti-communist 
series (Oracle). 


Publication Kjvttmg Pattern put a 
Picture of a puffer on me 

Irait cover, when it was the 
*®j9to p* sophistication far a 

to her knee and. bafiave ftornot 
when Kensitas advertised a 

ti ^ s< 09 an-'"Just what 

!f w J? t £* or 0f 2ero3^it seems 

•“lS?!!! Jf5 1 J55“* »“P 

smokere, the pop star Madonna 

shoukJ have made a Wm 
which shows her taking a puff 
before planting a passionate 
mss on an admirers lips 

snuggty into that 
pategory of documentary mat 
65*2 torgete-Strong on human 

Radio 4 

S- 55 S^ping BJM News briefing; 
Weather 6.10 Fanning 

today 645 Prayer for the day 

640 ftiday. hd.640, 740, 
840 News 6.45 Business 

News 645,745 Weather 
7.004.00 News 7464-25 
Sport 7.45 Thought for the 
Day 845 Yesterday in 
Parliament 847 Weather: 
9.00 News 

945 Midweek; Libby Purves 

!f ,dstl £®9 uests ( s > 

! 1040 News: Gardeners 

question time. Dr Stefan 
Buczacki, Fred Downham 
and Geoffrey Smith 
tackle listeners' questions. 


10.45 Daily service (New Every 
Morning, page 106) (s) 
11.00 News: fravepThe ' * 

CauJHiower trafl. Kenneth 
Hudson meets a self- 
employed vegetable 

trader ^r) (s)) 

1148 Enquire within. Neil 
Landor with experts 
answer listeners' questions. 
1240 News: You and Yours. 
Consumer advice with 
John Howard. 

1247 Lord or Misrule The 
Battle lor the lordship of 
a Welsh valley in the dark 
days of the mid- 18th 
centuiy (2) The Conjuror's 

1245 Weather travel 
140 The World at One; News 
1.40 The Archers 
145 Shipping Forecast 
240 News: Woman's Hour 
Including an interview 
with newspaper publisher 
Eddie Shah. Also, the 
final instalment of Dick 
Francis's book Enquiry, 
read byHywel BennetL 
340 News; The Afternoon 
play "By a Roman Road " 
by John Kirkmoms. with 
Michael Kitchen. Joanne 
Pearce, Peter Howell (s) 

3.47 Time for verse. Kevin 
presents more poems 
inspired by pictures m 
the Tate Gallery. 

440 News 

445 File on 4.The war against 
property prices. 

j on medical 

sdence. I needn’t emphasize the 
third bonus for parents 
who se ba bies are bom bfind. 
with cataracts K rnterosurge 
cat restore the beginnings i 
sight to a baby Uke Sara, it ■ 
could do the same for those 2 00 
or so babies bom with 
cataracts every year. 

(BBC 2.945pm)brings Leslie 
Megahey s series on French 
painters to a stupendous dose 
with a film about Gericault. 
specialist not only in painting 
rearing steeds with integrated 
Man. but in canvases Like Raft of 
the Medusa In which his 

obsession with death and 
disease (his studio became a 
enamel house) was brilliantly 

Peter Davalle 

4.45 Kaleidoscope extra. 

Keepkm Opwa AHve with 
David (toper. Pierre Boulez 
and Ruth Berghaus. 

540 PM; News Magazine 
540 Shipping 
545 Weather 

640 News: Financial Report 
640 FBm Star. Alexander 
Walker recalls the screen 
career of Sir Alec Guinness. 

740 News 
7.05 The Archers 
740 Women; Equal sex? Bel 
Mooney asks four 
women whether the fairer 
sex has achieved 

equality with me (3) Tonight 
A Woman and the Law 
7.45 The mind in locus (3) 

Religious Belief with 
Peter Evans in the chairAJso 
taking part John 
Bowker, Jonathan Riley- 
Srmth and Dr Anthony St 

8.15 Analysis Moving the 
Colossus. Mark 
Frankiand discusses the 
chances of a 

transformation in the Soviet 
Union since Mr 
Gorbachev became the 
Soviet leader. 

9.00 Thirty-Minute Theatre 
"The Red Shoes" by 
Juliet Ace with Anna Massey 
and Martin Jarvis as the 
couple whose mam age has 
reached the 

University. 1140 1 7th- 
Grapevine. 1240-1.10 

Schools mght -time 


I Radio 3 ) 

845 Weather. 740 News 
7.05 Mommg Concert Vivakfl 
{Smfonta in B minor, RV 
1 68); Beethoven (Romance in 
F, op 50: Ronald 
Thomas, viotin); Couperin 
(Sonata; La Francois©, 

Las Nations). Mendelssohn 

OM (Symphony No 1)440 
845 Morning Concert 

11-57 News. 1240 Closedown. 
VHF onfy44Swn to 645: Open 
University. 3.10 British Ballet 
Music works by Gerhard, 

Geoffrey Toye (Haunted Ballroom) 
and Btiss.44o.ChoraI 
Evensong. from Ripen Cathedral. 

( Radio 2 ) 

News on the hour (except 
940pm) (740pm. 840 VHF only) 
Headlines 540am, 640. 740, 
and 84a Cricket First Test West 

Indies v England at 145pm, 

2JJ2, 342, 4J32, 545, 6.02, 045 

, 8-02 (VHF), 945, 1142. 

Morning Concert (cootdt I 440 Colin Berry (s) 6.00 Ray Moore 
Myslhrecek (Sin Ion ra In B 1 84S Ken Bruce (sj 10.30 

flat): Smetana(StTlng Quartet I Jknrn l r Youngfs) 1.05pm D 
No 2); Janacek (Laotian 1 Jacobs (s) 2.00 Giona 

— ^otrlnq 

No 2); Janacek (Laotian 

9.00 News. 

945 The Week's 

Composer Sten ha mmar . 

I £SK^® tty8db1 ' 

I Royal Liverpool 
Ptwharmoruc Orchestra: 
Sullivan (Di Bailo). Bridge 
(Cherry Ripe). 

TchaStovsky (Symphony No 

1140 Schubert Death and 
Transfiguration. Anne 
CoSns (contralto) and Paul 
Hamburger (piano). The 
works Include Am Grabe 
Anselmos. Frehvilliges 
Versinken, and Aut tar 

1140 Ayres lor the Theatre: 

The Parley of 

Instruments. Gottfried Fmger 
(The Humour of the Age); 

, c PurceH (The Old Bachelor). 
Concert Hall: Hanson 
String Quartet Haydn 
(Siring Quartet mA. Op20 No 
6): Kodafy (Quartet No 2. 

.OP 10)- 140Newa 
145 Herman W3son:At the 

r WJIscm Chamber 

crossroads(r) (s) 

940 Wives otthe Great 
Composers. Fritz Spiegl 
with the story ol Johann 
Sebastian Bach and his 
two wives. 

9.45 Kaleidoscope. Natalie 
Wheen Presents the arts 
magazine. includes comment 
on the Bertm Film 
Fesnval^nd the play One of 
Us at the Greenwich 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

"Lake Wobegon Days " 

by Garrison Keillor (8) Read 
by the author. 

1040 Tne World tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

11.30 Today in Parliament 

12.00 News: Weather 

1243 Shipping 

VHF (available m England and 
S. Wales only) as above 
except 545-640 Weather: 
Travel 11.00-1240 For 
schools. 1.55440pm For 
schools540-545 PM 
(continued). 1140-1210 Open 

4.Herman i 

140 Matinee Musicale: BBC 

Orchestra. Includes works by 
William Blezard(The 
River), and Saim-Saens 
(Suite Algenenne). 

245 Debussy Piano Works: 

David Owen Norris plays 
works inducting Masques 
_ „ and Six Etudes (Book 2). 

255 Cricket First Test West 
Indies v England. 

540 Midweek Choice: 
includes works by 
BerwaJd (Piano Concerto m 
D: Migdai.piano), and 
Schmitt (La tragedie de 

7.00 Choral Voices: Guildford 
Chamber Choir in works 
by Rutter and Howells 

740 Artists and Admirers by 
Ostrovsky. With Natasha 
Richardson. John Moffat , 
John Horsley and Anne 
Jameson .Theatrical life 

i David 

uauuua «.w kMona 

Hunnitord (s) (phone-in) 340 Music 
ail the Way (s) 4.00 David 
Hamilton (s) 640 John Dunn (s) ind. 
, at 6.45 (ml only) Sport and 
1 Classified Results 740 
International soccer special 
France V Northern Ireland (s) 8.45 
Big Band Special (s) 215 Listen 
to the Band featunng the Jones and 
Crossland Band (s) 945 Sports 
desk 10.00 H‘s a Funny Business 
remembers Members of Ted 
Ray 1040 Hubert Gregg says 
Thanks tor the Memory 11.00 
Brian Matthew presents Round 
Midnight (stereo from midnight) 

140 Peter Dickson presents 
Nightnde (s) 3.00-4.00 A Little 
night music (s) 

C Radio 1 ) 

News on the half-hour from 
640 am until 940pm and at 1200 
rmdnjght. 640am Adrian John 
740 Mike Read 940 Simon Bates 
1230 Newsbear (Steve Annett) 

1245 Gary Davies 340 Steve 
Wright 540 Newsbeat (Sieve 
Annett) 5.45 Bruno Brookes (tod. at 
640 a review of the new Top 30 
album chart) 740 Janice Long 
10.00-1200 John Peel Vhf 
radios 1 8 2 440am As Radio 2 
740 John Dunn (s) 8.00 Yer 
Roots are Showing. Mike Herding 
and his early musical influences 








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> 7 i 

W» Newsdesk. 7JM News. 7M Twenty- 
Four Hows.740 Development 86. 7.45 
TiWsTrwa B.00 NewsXM Reflections 
8.15 Classical Record Renew. 8-30 
Transatlantic Qua 9.00 News. 9.09 
Review of me British Press a. is tiw 
world Today 940 Rnanc^fto^ Mo 

1040 News. 1041 Omnibus. 1040 l/v 
Word 1140 News. 1t49NjTto23 
Britain. 11.15 Just Like You and Me 1145 
wales. 1240 Radio News. 
*216 Ntouro Notebook. 1245 The 


• documentary about the 
rise and faD to the 

11-20 UK Dance 

Championships 86. The 
first of two programmes 
introduced by Ray Moore 
from trie Bournemouth 
International Centre 
featuring the finalists of 
the Championships. 

1210 Weather. 

— w/ the century to 

Its virtual ostracism during 
the latter part of the 
Seventies and the 
Eighties, (see Choice) 

1040 News at Ten and weather 
followed by Thames news 

1040 Snooker. The last 

J by Oh 

Davies from The 

his ife&SSST 8 - Dertv - 

**•1® rogm Thoughts 

940 M*A*S*H. Frank Bums is 
furious when Hawk eye is 
made chief surgeon and 
arranges for General 
Barker to make an 
unannounced visit to the 

camp (r) 

945 Artists and Models. This 
final part of the series set 
m a Paris studio over the 
course of a turbulent 
century stars Alan Dobie 
as Charles Clement the 
writer who Investigates the 
mysterious painter. 
Theodore Gericault. (see 

1040 Newsnrght 1145 

11.40 Open University: Writing 
History 1205 Biology, 
Brain and Behaviour. Ends 
at 1235 

840 Diverse Reports. Where 
does the left stand on 
human rights? Anna Coots 

940 Prospects. Part two of the 
comedy drama series set 
in and around London's 
Isle of Dogs. This week 
Pincyand Billy buy a 
hearse with the intention 
of doing it up and turning it 
into a fish and chip van. 
They also become 
involved in a scheme to 
turn to docklands into an 
East End Disneyland -they 
only need £100,000 for the 
initial Investment. Starring 
Gary Olsen and Brian 

1040 FHm: Time Bandits (1981) 


Fantasy tale about six 
dwarfs, given the task of 
patching 14) creation, who 
decide to become bandits, 
travelling through time and 
space. Their first stop is 
the bedroom of a young 
English boy in the year 
I960. They take the young 
man on a series of 
adventures. Directed by 
Teny Gflfiam. Ends at 

BBC1 WALES. S45pm-6.00 
Wales Today6.3S-7.00 
Juice. 1140-11.45 Ladies' 

Hockey. Highlights of Wales v Can- 
ada. 1 1.45-12. 35ain UK Dance 
Championships 86. 1245-1240 
News and weather. NORTHERN 
IRELAND. 5-35pnt-5.40 Today's 
Sport 5 l 40-640 Inside Ulster. 
G.35-740 First Class. 1210am- 
1215 News and weather. EN- 
GLAND. 6-35pm-7.00 Regional 
1<L15anvm30 Gioma Cochd. 
240pm-342 FILM: Now Voyag- 
or- 842-345 News Headlines. 345- 
f05 The Chucktehounds. 445- 
4.15 Heathcfcff-The Cat. 4.15-445 
The Sheep-Pig. 445-440 Lau- 
rel and Hardy. 449445 You 
Should be so Lucky? 445-5.05 
John Craven's Newsround. !LQ5- 
5.30 Sticks and Stones. 540- 
545 The Perishers. 645-7.00 
Reporting Scotland. 10.09- 
1140 FHM - Lonely Hearts. 1140- 
1220am UK Dance 
Championships 86. 12291225 

BBC2 SCOTLAND 3.00pm- 
- - ■540Ciose 

CHANNEL As London ex- 

T— ' cept: starts 945 For 

Open ers. 1 40 Channel News 
and weather. 140 Shine on Harvey 
^ Youn 9 Doctors. 

212 Puffin s Ra(i)ce. 640 Channel 
Report. Followed by; Guernsey 
Report Politics. 1215 Weather. 


TYNE TEES As London 
except starts 

9.15 Halle drehestramvith 
Mikhail Rudy (piano). 
Dutitieux (Metabolas); 
Tchaikovsky (Piano 
Conceno No 1). 

10.10 SixContinents:ForeiQn 

broadcasts jnonllored by the 

10.30 Concert(contd]: Roussel 
(Symphony No 3). 
1140Manchaster Concert 
Land mi Consort Music of 14th 
century Italy. 


945-940 North East News. 
12391.00 Regrets (Ken Living- 
stone) 140 North East News 
‘■•2S-140 Where the Jobs Are. 
225-240 Home Cookery Club. 
345-340 North East News. 5.15- 
5.45 Terrahawks. 6.09645 
Northern Lite. 1215am Power. 
1220 Close. 

GRANADA As London ex- 
- 1240pm-140 

Writers on Writing (Alan 
Stijitoe). 140 Granda Reports. 
149230 The Baron. 345 Gra- 
nada Reports. 340-440 The Young 
Doctors. 5.15-5.45 The Bever- 
ley Hillbillies. 6.00 Granda Reports] 
640-6.35 This is Your Right 
1215 Close. 

except starts 

DAwopi. oujri; 

9.25-940 Local weather. 1239 
1.00 Calendar Lunchtime Live. 140 
Calendar News. 149230 Fal- 
con Crest 345-340 Calendar 
News. 5.15-245 Survival. 6.09 
645 Calendar. 1215am Harresi 
Jazz. 1245am Close. 

ULSTER As London ex- 
cepts: starts 949230 

A^'S News. 
6.00-645 About Angba. 

1215am Starting Ftomt. dose. 

SCOTTISH as London ex- 
77" , „ , r“Pt: t-20 Scottish 

Ntojf . 140 Job Spot. 145-100 
FILM: Cvnara- (19321 (Ronald CoF 

Report Back. 

6.00-645 Scottish News and Scot- 
1215am Late Call 

1240 Close. 

S4C 1 - 00 Countdown. 140 Be 
T— ^ourOwn Boss. 200 Taro 
Nodyn. 220 Ffalabalam. 235 
Cpohvg- 245 Snooker-Dukix Brit- 
ish Open. 440 A Plus 4. 440 
Clflnese in Britain. 540 Bilidowcar. 
540 Pob's Programme. 6.00 
Brook side. 640 PWL 740 
Newyddion Saith. 740 
Ponreadau. 100 Drarmoeth Y Ffalr. 
840 V Byti Ar Bed war. News 
Headlines. 205 FILM: Saturday 

MirtM anH CumWh.. : ■ ' 

The Day Ahead! 149140 
Lunchtime. 340 The Three Little 
Words. 1594.00 Ulster News. 
5.19245 Terrahawks. 6.00-645 
Good Evening Ulster. 1210am 

ANGLIA As London except 

—-—-1220pm- 1 . 00 Mr and 
Mrs. 149140 Anglia News and 

kenstem-(l935). 1240 Close. 

TSW As London except 
TZ 77 ? 1 -29 140 TSW News. 249 
2.M Home Cookery Club. 3-3$ 

S^TS 3 - 57 - 4 - 00 

Honeybun's Magic Birthdays. 549 
5.45 Crossroads. 200 Today 
South West 6497.00 Amoebas to 
12.15am View From 

Postscript. 1240 

Weather, dose. 

100 P* 3 ® N«vsrBel 
3.15 In Holy Comfitnpldtion. 330 The 
Rarraom Jettmgs of Hmoe and Bracket 
4.00 News. 4Jtt Commentary. 4.15 Rock 
Satet 445 TheWtortt Today. 540 Nwra 
5J8 A Letter from Wales. 5.15 Monitor. 
100 News Twenty-four Hours. 115 
Attxm Time. 945 Reco refine q| me Week. 
2£22 , Nem 1D - M Wtorid Today. 
103SA Letter from Wales. 1030 Financial 
News- 10^0 Reflections. 1CL46 Roundup. 
1140 News. 1149 Commemaiyitis 
J140 Top Twenty. 1200 
News 1209 News About Bmar. 1215 
Radio Newsreel 1230 The Random 
140 News. 
J. 1^0 Booh 

■— .ui cow News. 209 

Ftewnv ol me Bntisti Press. 215 Network 
UK. 230 Assignment 3.00 News. 349 
Wbws took Bntam. 115 The World 
Today. 130 Deception at War. 440 

145 The Worid Today. AOtfeMa to QICT.T 

BORDER As London «x- 
- cept 12491.00 

Qenroe1491 40 Border Naws. 
349440 The Young Doctors. 219 
245 Horses tor Courses. 209 
640 Lookaround Wednesday. 
1215am News Summary. 1218 


r__ excepts: starts 

949940 First Thing. 149140 
North News. 349340 North Head- 
lines. 640-645 North Tonight 
and weather. 1215am North head- 
tines and weather. 1240 Close. 

HTV WE ST As London ex- 

945am-940 HTV^S^UO 
• « 1-30-240 Hart to Hart 

129340 HTV News. 219245 
Survival. 209645 HTV Naws. 
1215am Close. 

HTV WALES a? mtv 

~~~ — West except 

11 40am- 1145 Looking For- 
ward. 6.00pm-6.35 Wares at six. 

TVS AsLonckxi except starts 
945am-940TV§ Outlook. 

140 TVS News. 149230 
Shma on Harvev Moon. 127-440 
TVS News followed by The 
Young Doctors. 212-215 TVS 
News. 6.00-6.35 Coast to 
Coast 1215am Company, dose. 

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Central News. 149230 Scarecrow 
and Mrs King. 129340 Central 
News. 219245 Oft the Rack. 640 
Crossroads. 6497.0) Central 
News. 1215am FILM: X The Un- 
known’ (1956). 1.45 Close. 




A it 




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& T u.. * wmo to re u. ( 



tries to 
expel 15 

By Stewart Tendier 
Crime Reporter 

Expulsion orders have been 
issued over the past few weeks 
by the Spanish authorities 
against up to 15 Britons living 
in Spain who are sought by 
Scotland Yard as suspects in 
offences which include mur- 
der and armed robbery. 

But the use of the new 
Spanish law passed last sum- 
mer to control aliens has yet to 
bring any of the many wanted 
Britons living on the “Costa 
del Crime" tack to Britain or 
into a country where Britain 
can use extradition proceed- 

Yesterday a senior Yard 
source confirmed that three 
Britons wanted in connection 
with the £6 million Security 
Express robbery several years 
ago have vanished as expul- 
sion orders were to be served 
on them. 

They disappeared some 
weeks ago as two flying squad 
officers were working in Spain 
alongside the local authorities. 

Meanwhile, a senior Yard 
detective has flown to Spain to 
monitor the success of the 
Spanish attempt to clean up 
the areas where suspected 
British criminals are living. 
The trip was arranged some 
time ago. 

The disappearance of the 
men has frustrated hopes by- 
Scotland Yard and the Span- 
ish police that Britain would 
usually be informed of the 
departure of suspected crimi- 
nals from Spain so that the 
Yard would be ready to halt 
them in a country with extra- 
dition arrangements. 

The men simply left before 
the orders for expulsion could 
be served and the Spanish 
were not ready to monitor 

There has been some doubt 
in London about the success 
of the new Spanish law and 
anxiety about the lime it has 
taken to provide a final date 
for the extradition treaty. The 
treaty will now start being 
operated by the Spanish from 
July 1. 

A number of the Britons 
faring expulsion have started 
legal proceedings to challenge 
attempts to remove them. 

plea for 
old dying 
of cold 

. . . -r. • 

Mr Michael Motyneanx and Mr Tan Paisley leaving Number 10 after talks with the Prime Minister. 

Gold min e tense 
as blacks strike 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

Some 12.000 black miners 
are on strike at VaaJ Reefs, the 
world's second-largest gold 
mine. It produces about 80 
ions a year. 1 2 to 1 3 percent of 
South Africa’s output. 

The National Union of 
Mineworkers (NUM) de- 
scribed the situation as “ex- 
tremely tense", and said the 
rest of the 40.000 blacks at the 
mine at KJerksdorp. 100 miles 
south-west of Johannesburg, 
were “poised to join the 

U also said 1.500 miners 
were striking at Goedehoop 
colliery, near Wiibank. 70 
miles north-east of Johannes- 
burg. after the dismissal of 
four shaft stewards. 

The Vaal Reefs strike began 
on Monday, apparently in 
response to the arrest of eight 
shaft stewards in connection 
with the killing on February 
ISof tour team leaders (blacks 
in charge of the gangs of mine 

Anglo American, the own- 
ers of Vaal Reefs, said the 
strike had affected three of the 
10 shafts as well as the gold 
plant and engineering shops, 
it confirmed the NUM figure 
of 12.000 miners on strike. 

Anglo American said the 
four team leaders were mur- 
dered and four seriously in- 
jured after being attacked in 
their rooms at Vaal Reefs's No 
5 shaft hostel. 

“Management is deter- 
mined to ensure that the 
perpetrators of the murders 
and assaults are brought to 
justice as quickly as possible," 
it said yesterday. 

The NUM could not throw 
any light on the reason for the 
killings, but is demanding the 
unconditional release of those 
arrested and is asking for 
permission to hold a mass 
meeting of its members at 
Vaal Reefs to discuss the 

In April, Vaal Reefs sum- 
marily dismissed 14.000 min- 
ers for engaging in what it said 
were illegal go-slows and stop- 

pages. seriously denting Anglo 
American's reputation for 

American's reputation for 
good labour relations. 

Yesterday the company also 
confirmed the Goedehoop 

The NUM is expected to 
ask for big rises this year after 
record 1 985 profits by the gold 

Mr Tom King arriving for yesterday's meeting. 

In the three months to toe 
end of March last year 657 
deaths were officially attribut- 
ed entirely or in part to 
hypothermia , compared to 
555 for the first three months 
of 1984 Jmt experts believe 
toe real figur e was mod 

The DHSS said k would not 
comment uadi it had received 
Mr Hobman's message to Mr 

• An inquest wfi! be held into 
the deato from hypothermia 
and a heart attack of a widow, 
Mrs EQen Robinson^ged 79, 
at a complex of old people's 
bungalows in High Wycombe, 
Buckinghamshire, where she 
was found collapsed beside her 
living room fire. 

The warden , Ms Elma 
Camley, aged 45. said: “She 
was too frightened to warm her 
place in case she could not pay 
tbe biOs.1 have pleaded with 
the DHSS to help my old 
people pay then- bills. But they 
often refuse and that's a death 


Today's events 

paintings and drawings: Third 
Eye Centre. 350 Sauchiehall 
Street Glasgow; Tues to Sat 10 
to 5.30. Sun 2 to 5.30. dosed 
Mon (ends March 22l 
Hitchens & Heron. English 
artists: New Grafton Gallery. 49 
Church Road. Barnes: Tues to 
Sat 10 to 5.30. closed Mon tends 
April 4). 

Last chance to see 

Artists: Anthony 

Roval engagements 

The Prince of Wales I 

The Prince of Wales hosts a 
reception for the Royal Society 
for Nature Conservation in the 

State Apartments, Kensington 
Palace. 6.45. 

Palace. 6.45. 

Princess Anne attends a din- 
ner and fashion show at Woburn 
Abbey organised by the Horse 
Trials Support Group. 7.30. 

The Duke of Gloucester 
opens Saphir LLG at King’s 
Lynn. 1 1.30: and later visits the 
Norfolk Agricultural Station at 
Morley St Botolph. Norfolk. 

New exhf btions 
Paintings by Scotlie Wilson: 
Picturebrokers. 98 Oxford Gar- 
dens. W10: Mon to Fri 10 to 7 
(ends March 25). 

Tom Macdonald (1914-1985): 


Street. Wl. 10 to 5.30. 

Terry Atkinson: Art for the 
Bunker; Southampton Art Gal- 
lery. Civic Centre. 10 to 5. 

Concert by the Tallis Cham- 
ber Orchestra. Sl Gabriel's 
Church. Warwick Sq. SW1. 8 . 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra. Wessex 
Hall. Poole, 7.30. 

Recital by the Israel Piano 

Trio. King's Hall. Newcastle 
University. 7.30. 

Recital by the Voices Inlimac 
Quartet. Leicester University. 
1 . 10 . 

Concert by the Taunton 
Sinfonietta with Linda Mar- 
shall-Cole (soprano). Swanmcad 
School. Ilminster, 7.45. 

Record redial - records for 
1986 anniversaries with Mr 
Stephen Daw. 1; Recital by the 
Springfield Quartet, (The Lyttel- 
ton Theatre) 7.30; Birmingham 
& Midland Institute, Margaret 
Street. Birmingham. 

Concert by The London 
Sinfonietta. Royal Northern 
College of Music, Manchester, 

Redial by The Borodin String 
Quartet. Queen Elizabeth Hall. 
South Bank. 7.45. 

Recital by Jane Gomm (vi- 
olin). Sarah Pope (viola) and 
David Bucknall (cello). St. 
Olavc. Han Su EC3. 1.05. 

Books — hardback 

The Literary Editor's selection or inter estlng books published this week. 
Btoomsbury/Freud, The Letters of James and ANx Strachey 1984-1925, 
edited by Perry Meted end Walter Kendrick (Chatto & Wlndus, £14.95) 
Capri, island of Pleasure, by James Money (Hamish Hamilton, £14.95) 
Christopher Columbus, The Grand Design, by Paolo Emlio Tavfani (Orns, 

For Better, For Wane. British Marriages, 1600 to the Present, by John R. 
GiBls (Oxford. £19.50) 


Humanism in the Age of Henry VWI. by Maris Dowling (Croom Helm, £25) 
RebeUmn or Revolution?, England 1640-1660. by G.E. Aylmer (Oxford, 

Teachers, First-hand views of the classroom crisis, by Frank £. Huggett 
(Weidenfald & Meobon. £10.95) 

The British Ethical Societies, by Ian MacKfflop (Cambridge, £25) 

The Origins of Civilization m deck ft Roman Thought, by Sue Bkindell 
(Croom Heim. £18.95) 

The Oxford Companion to the Literature of Wales, edted by Meic 
Stephens (Oxford, £1750) 


A ridge of high pressure 
will persist over N parts 
with a strong E flow in the 

6 am to midnight 

The pound 


London. SE. E England, East 
AngKx Rather doudy at times, 
scattered tight snow showers; wind 
E. fresh or strong; max temp 0C 
[32FL . 

Central S, SW England: Rather 
doudyat times, a Bttle sleet or snow 
in places; wind E strong, locally 

Concert by Priory Festival 
Choir and Brass Ensemble. Si 
Bartholomew the GreaL West 
Smith field. 7.30. 


1 Mid-off fields in unpleasant 
jumpers (5). 

4 Silent pictures being shown 
in Strathclyde (9). 

9 Numbers follow this 
description of Book Three 

10 Cream crackers for a court 
official 1 5). 

1 1 Foreign Office with its bock 
W the wall? ( 6 ). 

12 Noted conch-vending site 
that sounds literal ( 8 ). 

14 Bad car lane, perhaps — use 
dipped lights in it ( 10 ). 

16 Call round (4). 

19 Society welcome for hus- 
band (4|. 

20 it can add sparkle to the 
canine show (10). 

22 Side first to demonstrate 
boundary methods? (8). 

23 Eg stock of female dimin- 

5 One .timely rub repairs 
womanly make-up ( 10 ). 

6 Near the resort of SlMoIo 

7 Study of rock mass that 
could be moving? ( Q )- 

8 Assistant to Doctor Foster 

13 Fitting lamp so. X-ray is 
produced ( 10 ). 

15 Portuguese Henry's main 
description (9). 

17 Sick in Spanish war? This is 
irregular (9). 

18 Cheering form of papal rit- 
ual ( 8 ). 

21 Turn aside and dish up 
about a quarter ( 6 L 

21 Terminal planet (5). 

24 Card-game once silent? (5). 

25 Become strained in battle 
(4). ■ 

Talks, lectures 

Ancient and modem history, 
by Charles Hope. Warburg In- 
stitute. Woburn Sq. WCl. 5.30. 

Looking forward - and back, 
by Lord Denning, Newman 
Theatre. Exeter University. 4. 

The origins of archaeology, by 
Prof Glyn Daniel, Usher Gal- 
lery. Lindum Rd. Lincoln, 7.30. 

Industry and the media, by 
John Lloyd. The Royal Society 
of Arts. John Adam Sl_ WC2. 6 . 

Housing: always the Cin- 
derella. by Robina Rafferty. Sl 
J ames's Church. Piccadilly. 
I- 05. 

Saint Benedict by Esther de 
Waal. The Chapel. University 
Hospital of Wales, Cardiff; I. 

Gifts of healing, by The Very 
Revd. Victor de Waal. Liverpool 
Parish Church. Pier Head. 1.05. 

Renaissance marriage chests, 
by Anne Buddie. 12: Osborne 
House, by Geoffrey Opie. 1.15: 
Victoria & Albert Museum. 

Tbe landscape paintings of 
Joseph Wright and his contem- 
poraries. by Michael Kiison. 
Lower Floor Theatre. The Na- 
tional Gallery. Trafalgar Sq. 
WC2. I. 

Nature on your doorstep, by 
Mr A Mai pass, De La Warr 
Pavilion. BexbilL E Sussex, 3. 

Horned gods and stone cir- 
cles. by Snelagh Lewis. Room 
MBI, Buckingham University. 

London's ponds, by Tom 

Bank Bank 


Austria Scti 24 45 23J25 

Belgium Fr 720S 63JS 

Canada* 2.15 246 

Denmark Kr 129B t2 M 

Roland Mick 7 M 7M 

Franca Fr W.73 10.18 

Germany Dm 049 JJ1 

Greece Dr 2S3XC 228.00 

Kong Kong* 11.90 11.40 

Ml nd Pt 1.16 1.10 

Italy Lim 238530 225530 

Japan Yen 2B230 25840 

Netherlands GJd 334 3.75 

Norway Kr 1036 1040 

Portugal Esc. 2274)0 2164)0 

South Africa Rd OS 235 

Spain Pta 21640 2044)0 

Sweden Kr 11.15 1C.60 

Switzerland Fr 232 2.77 

USA* 1-555 1485 

Yugoslavia Dnr 5804)0 47000 

Rates lor smaa de nom i na tion bank noma 

a as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC. 
arent rates apply to Haveners' 

Different rates apply to travelers 
cheques and other foreign currency 


RotaO Price Index: 3794T7 

London: The FT Index dosed down 0.0 at 

Best wines 

In a blind comparative tasting 
of 40 Spanish cava and French 
! sparkling wines the following six 
were judged best value: 

Sainsbury's Cava Sparkling 
Spanish Wine, J. Sains bury (01- 
921 6000). £3.45; Sains bary's 
Champagne, J. Sainsbury, 
£6.49; Conde de Caraft Reserve 
1980 Brut Nature. Moreno 
Wines (01-723 6897). £4.55; 
Conde de Caralt Brat, Moreno 
Wines. £3.89: Bouvet Excellence 
Rose Methode Champenoise, 
Queen's Club Wines (01-385 
3582). £4.95; Bouvet Brut San- 
mnr. Queen's Club Wimes, 

Source: H 7nt», March 1986. 

The Midlands: M5: 

Contraflow between junction .2 
(Birmingham W) and junction 3 
(A456 Halesowen and Bir- 
mingham W); two lanes each 
way. M5: Contraflow SW of 
Bromsgrove and Birmingham 
SW and junction 5 (A38 
Droitwich); no access N. at 
junction 5; 50 mph mandatory 
speed limit. A43*fc Roadworks 
causing long delays on the route 
to Evesham and Cheltenham at 
Coughton; temporary lights, in 

Wales and West: A48: Tem- 
porary lights between Uandarog 
and Nantycaws. Dyfed A48: 
Single line traffuc eastbound 
between Briton Ferry and 
Baglan, W Glamorgan. 

The North: A1 (M): 
Contraflow immediately N of 
juDctioa with A 66 (M) S of 
Darlington. M61: Biacow 
Bridge, junction (M61/M6: 
Construction of new motorway 
link on M61 at Wahon Summit; 
nearside lane closures on both 
carriageways. M64: Contraflow 
on Maltcm bypass. 

Scotland: A9: Single line traf- 
fic with lights in Dunfcekl Road, 
Perth, N of junction with 
Gowns Terrace. Perth: Restric- 
tions in High Street, Perth; 
diversion sign posed. 

Information supplied by AA 

m l n jli tjB - i U ^i 

1 awass si pfcgSJi 

L ii ii y (» ■ iVm i' fr gr 1 Ar 


Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Debate on 
the RAF. 

Lords (2.30k Debates on seri- 
ous crime in London amt the 
relationship between Govern-, 
mem and Parliament and tbe 
Civil Service. 

r m wflA 

Langton, East Finchley Library, 
226 High Rd. N2. 8 . 

Lent talk, by John Gummer 
MP. SL Lawrence Jewry, 
Guildhall. 1.15. 

The Court masque, by Rose- 
mary LinnelL Lecture Theatre. 
Museum of London. London 
Wall. EC2. 1.10. 


Provincial Booksellers foir. 
Book Market, Fisher Hall, Cam- 
bridge, 10 to 5. 

23 Eg stock of female dimin- 
ished (6). 

26 Moving arm to and fro (51. 

27 The sort that alwavs pockets 
liueH (9). 

28 The rough-and-tumble in 
“Equus" (9). 

29 Sjwre and wide, for example 

Solution of Puzzle 164178 

Iffiara asssiEHs? 


1 Defenders oi comprehensive 
college-grounds (4.5). 

2 Shocking young wriggler? 

3 Given a position thus, and 
tyintf? ( 8 ). 

4 Saft?i5 der Wter in 

m m 

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dOEisamsia c b-b 

• - B ' 0 1 C5 - Ilf-2 OB 

- g -v » ra 

is n c s n ' m .-t* 

aniSJigEss -aisi^artEK 

s h ■ g m (5 -m n 

S=:H!I533EEII1EI5 .tZtfTSiE 

Sag auwl g fi-g 
annsaiiis---B m n r 


Snow Reports 



fgis 30 90 

St Anton 120 310 

Excsttent sunny skfing 
SoofeW 120 150 

New snow on good base 


Births: Victor Hugo, 
Bessancon. France. 1802; Wjj- 
liam F. Cody (“Buffalo BuT), 
Scott County. Iowa. 1846; Sir 
Hubert Parry, ^composer. 

MUtAl klAmUilUl, Milo, 

Deaths: Emile Coni, physio- 
therapist Troyes. France. 1 857: 


Aa axis good 



aruiiiu Ml rEM 3 

35 iqq 

New snow on hard na$o 
Murren 60 170 

Eliminator puzzle for London 
entrants fo the Collins Dic- 
tionaries Times Crossword 
Championship tomorrow.. 

Sir Harry Lauder, Strat haven. 
Strathclyde. 1950. 

The troopship Birkenhead 
sank off Simon's Bay. South 
Africa with a loss of 454 lives 
ISS 2 . 

are 120 270 

New snow on hard base 



Runs to 








powder good 





powder good 














rir j - v. ff 

of the Ski dub of Great 

Bmam. L refera 

* ir'* * 

Letter from Washiogton 

By Mkhaei HorstreH 

TheGo vanmeat w urge 
yesterday to override to 
“chaotic system, of sew 
weather payments to toe pot. 
and declare a national emet 
gency to prevent hundreds c 
old people dying from the coW 

Mr David Hobnan, directc 
of Age Cmcent in Engjanc 
called on Mr Tony Navtofl 
Minister for Social Security 
to declare toaf because of flu 
severe weather payments 
should be authorized on • a 
aafional basis. 

Thai would rir cn m nmt toe 
system by which adjodkaflon 
officers at about 500 DHSS 
offices decide whether 4j6 
ndllim t paTple ou SB^tenm- 
tary benefit, including 1.7 
mlUioa old age • pension's, 
receive cold weather assis- 
tance with feel bills. 

According to toe DHSS 
only about 200 offices have 
done so but Age Concern -says 
frctiw l payments have been 
made fat many fewer areas and 
Hut payments have been 
patchy and arbitrary. 

Experts estimate that ep to 
ten elderly people a day are 
dying from bypotoenma in the 
oddest February in 40 years 
and the second coldest this 

out of business 

A young man attempted skm. Docto&.pay tesorance, 
sirickfe recently by jumping S50.00Q n year 

hk front . of a New York to tfcMjflwwehre* 

U*. - _ , « 

subway tram. It braked nart 
— enough to save his life but 

not to prevent injury. • 
He sued the Transit Au- 
thority 'and' collected mote 
than $600,000 (£405,000). 

In another case a man 
celebrating his birthday, 
drowned while dnirikenly at- 
tempting to walk along- the 

of his flats, in fell view of ms 
wife and 15 neighbours. 

His wile collected a huge 
sum from tbe landlord's in- 
surance company. ■ ■ 

. In one of dozens of similar 
( -aw, a man rcfhscd entry to 
a bar because he was drunk 
got back in his car, drove off 
and killed the occupants of 
another car in a collision. 

The relatives sued the bar 
for not forcibly preventing 
him from getting in his car 
and won handsomely. 
Americans have always 

premiums of $50.000 n year 
to defend themselves against 
a blizzard of mslpiactice 

A2 least 10 per can of the 1 
nations' oteg nem have! 
stopped- practising; in one 
Arizona town half the 10 
employed there Quit. 

Sriis have more than dou- 1 
Wed in toe past decade, 
during which tbene have been 
376 awards of more than $i 
ouBios. The average settto- 
mest eosts 5330,000. 

Xronkafty, impro ve mcnB 
in medicine have often’ en- 
couraged suits; people with 
severe . brain damage now 

saved by surgery, who would 
have died 10 years accosts 
lotto look after, and relatives 
are tunripg to . law- sms to 
provide the mamfeoance. 

A suit s often toe reward : 

jfor paricnce and dedication. 
The Fruaaca fesrityv half of 
whose sex&qsfets were saved 
by expert medical care last 
year, have sued todr docton, 
a ccnsm gtfaemofadininister- 
ing the tongs that kxt to the 
moltipfe births. 

Dodoes are enraged and 
Manic lawyers especially. 
They point out that many of 
toe cotmtries70Q> 000 lawyers 
— on e for every 350 Ameri- 
cans-— are unscrupulous in 
their attempts to won money 
in such a competitive' atmo- 
sphere, encouraged by the 
.system ■ under which they 
charge nothing if they lose 

and take a third of the award 

if they win. 

The latest bumper slicker 
proposed by a doctor's wife 
say£~ M $ttoPQrt.yQur lawyer. 
Soul your child to medical 

In Cafifbnria same doctors 
we now screening potential 
ctfmanfc tbe Los Angeles 
baaed “Physicians Alert" 
identifies those patients who 
have Already made claims. 

Lawyers, indudtng Ralph 
Nader, blame rising naedical 
ne^igence for the lash of 

been litigious, but the present 
wave of law suits that appear 
outrageous in may other coun- 
try is beginning to overwhelm 
ftnns, • schools.- insurance 
companies and ordinary indi- 
viduals.. Whatever tbe injury, 
circumstance or responsibil- 
ity, a law suit is the first thing 
that comes to mind. ■ - 

So ominous ' is the threat 
that businesses are dosing 
down, professionals are leav- 
ing their jobs, and everyday 
activities are being curtailed 
at an unprecedented rate.. 

In New York last week the 
aerial cableway connecting a 
housing estate on Roosevelt 
Island in the East River m 
Manhattan closed down be- 
cause the operating company 
could no longer get insurance 
cover. ■ 

Skating rinks are dosing, 
school outings are dying out, 
and premiums in some cases 
have risen by 1,000 per cent 
m tire past year. 

No profession is safe. A 
San Josfc priest recently had a 
S5 million suit slapped on 
him fay a woman who aid he 
bad violated her privacy by 
disclosing her confession that 
she had embezzlech c hur ch 
funds. . 

. But no field is more threat- 
died than the medical profes- 

suits. : But they are" how 
having io defend themselves. 
In October Doris Day ac- 
cused her attorney of an 
investment and legal fees 
swindle of $26 milHon. 

Michael Binyon 

tliipT UiJB O * t fTiii 

Sun Ran 
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