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I P v* t U 

us'orK,f.% 


’ No 62,39 f 



TIMES 


THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 









—• •>»* 


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B"*' 


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B^AntlioajBeTjQ^Pirfxtica] Correspondent 


Labour’s national executive 
last night voted to press jnrty 
charges of Militant member- 
ship against up to 16 of the 
Trotskyist, tendency’s Liver- 
pool leadership, the prelude to 
a purges 

During- a meeting of the' 


expulsion proceed Lags to -be 
launched. 


Mr Hatton, pan of a batch 


a, pan . 

of Militants 'who demonstrat- 
Ibose charged mB be called -a£d’ outside the headquarters 
to answer the Militant charge after the meeting broke up, 


national- executive, at -/which. fash. 


at next month's executive 
meeting. 

‘ The decision provoked a 
predictable Left-wing ’ back- 


the- delicate legal ground for 

exjpufekins: was . hud;, * Mr 

Kinnock madelr dear that the 
Mihtantswereoh the .way out. 

• He . safer^When we have 
satisfactory evidence of 
Tjedpley /membership qf-an 

we must take strict and 
straight, action to pul them 

OUL •/' . . • 

“Tiial is our duty. We 
shoiiW do it to protect demo- 
cratic' socialism and the integ- 
rity of the Labcmr Party." . 

- Hesaid that was ndta witch 
hunt,“Witdb hunts pursue die 
innocent unjustly. We treat . 
the guilty with painstaking 
fairness."’ 

. Butthere was no idoiiibt last 
aigbtfoatMrDerek Halloa, 
Litfer^oci’s-deputy leader, and . 
at feast nine of his -comrades 
were deemed- guilty after- the 
executive -hatf endorsed an 
inquiry report by 19 votes to 
10 .‘"\. 

'That report, which followed . 
a ihree-monlb investigation, 
concluded that Militant was a 
party- within -the party, and 
that there was enough, evi- 
dence of Militant membership 
against at (east IQ Liverpool 
party members, and possibly 
as many as 16, for formal 


MrBric Better, a Liverpool 
MP on the executive, 
nfter the meeting at 
headquarters in south 
dom ^Some : people ia- the 
Labour Parly nave got a death 
Wh." 

- -Mr jDennis Skinner, another 
left-wing Labour MP, accused 
the executive of ‘‘kkfcmgpeo- 
. pie when they are down” - a 
reference to next Wednesday’s 
Court of Appeal hearing when 
48 Liverpool -councillors ap* 
peal.; against potential sur- 
charge and five years" 
disqualification for refusing to 
levy a legal rate. 



said he bad been lokLthat Mr 
Rpy Hattenstey, the - deputy 
leader, had tokl the executive 
that the decision would win 
the Labour Party a minion 
votes. 

He said the evidence of 
their success in Liverpool 
defied that conclusion. 

Earlier, before the 
meeting started, up to 
Militants demoiistrated and 
lobbied the ealecutive.Mr 
KinnoCk had to be protected 
by tire police as be entered the 
building. 

There, were shoots of “class 
traitor” and “no Wfcb hunt" 
as Mr Kinnock ran the gaunt- 
let. 

Mir Terry Fields, the Liver- 
pool MP who is an acknowl- 
edged supporter of Militant, 
acted as master of ceremonies 
for the demonstrators, giving 
a running commentary with a 



Mr Kinnock braves hostile Militant supporters^Fhotograplu John Voos). 



Mr Hatton, joined demon- 
... station yesterday - 


strong abuse 
was reserved for Mr Michael 
Meacher, regarded as having 
sold out his former left-wing 
colleagues; Mrs Gwynnefo 
Dunwdody, a right-wing MP, 
and Mr Larry Whitty, gene 
secretary, who wSl name the 
charges against the named 
Militants- . . 

Mr Whitty asked for and 
was given flexibility by the 
executive and it is expected 
that he will confine his recom- 
mendation for- expulsion to 
: Continued oa page 2, col 1 


Second 



coldest 

wfgea iftd&t erf tire cot rat ry' lm 
btfriferf in s no w drifts. 

^ Tfe London Wcafoer. Cen- 
tre record^ foe central 
gjfabd mean temperature for 

tbe first 23 days of the month 

as -HSCefaras. The figure for 
1947 was'-L2C and fbrtbebig 
freeze on%3-0-7C 
Yesterday, high winds of 30 

knots- imparts of the country 

reduced the -1C midday lem- 
pcraturctotheequivaleTitof- 
13C Forecasters predict that 
continuing. bitter cokf for the 
last two day's of this month 
Will widen the gap even fur- 
ther with 1963 although it is 
tmfikely to overtake 1947- 
The mean temperature, 
without taking the extra drifl- 
ing force '.of the wind into 
account, is already 4^5C colder 

than the average for February. 

Eastern counties have suffered 
worst, while northern and4 
western Scotland and North- 
ern Ireland have been spaaed 
the bitterest conditions. 

. “Bat temperatures for all 
areas are wdl below normal", 
the weather spokesman said, 
"and there is no respite in 
right". 

Wind cbiB affects buildings 
. as Well as- people. ■. Though, 
most of foe several dififerent 
formulae that have b een -d e- 
vised for calculating it refer to 
its effect on normally dothed 

human .beings, buildings 
which are exposed to. 
windson cold days also 
estiamdln aiY heat loss. 



daily 


The Times FurtfoBo 
c w qdilioB prise d 

was shared yesterday b. 
wiraers; Dr. F A Leemt®*, of 
B5ttJ^L*ks;MrLAF««», 
■-ofSeafertt Sussex; and MrC 
3 Walsnd, of Melton 
Mowtay, Lete. FortfoBefat, 
page 20; how topfay, informa- 
tion service, page32- 


Queen in row 

The Queen became embroiled 
in a political row in New 
Zealand when she refe reed. a t 
the State Opening of Parham 
ment to the .Lange 
Goveramenrs arm-pucJear 
.policy P** 8 

Mine strike ... 

Reels gpld mine m South 

Africa at* de m a nd i ng /foe 


m ordering . 


work-gang 


HwaeNews JM 

Ovcrems 44 
A ** 4 .. • 

Boob 1! 

eSprn H-21 
cap 
' Cn ttm o t Us 10,32 
Dtanr- - I2_ 

Fdim 10-12f 
LwUlopW tSl 


ILaidm 
ueims I 


|3 
o. 
u 


Marcos allies to 



EnnnMicfud Handyn,Mjuiita 


Looking «ac?lvJike Moss 
:Muffi 2 surrouhdwby spaders 
-ler presidential 
cards, MreXorazon Aquino 
appeared before a.press ocm- 
ferencc flanked by the men 
yfao largely put here there as 
foe announced her new Cabi- 
n eL. : 

: The new President of the 
^ Philippines had on me side 
the Vice-President, Prime 
Minister, designate and For- 
eign Minister — one man, Mr 
Salvador Laurel, the head of 
the Ifarido Party, which Mrs 
Aquino joined just, before 
standing .for election, and 
whose appointment as For- 
eign Minister was the first, 
announcement she made. 

On her other side was Mr 
Juan Ponce Emile, her De- 
fence Minister, who held foe 
same post under President 
Marcos and whose defection 
to the Aquino cause was- the 
crucial factor in Mr Maicos's 
demise. 


Mr Emile startled the. 
conference, and no i 
a warning foot across Mrs 
Aquino's bows, by disclosing 
that before Mr Marcos left for 
exile in Hawaii he telephoned 
Mr Enrile to. suggest that they 
form an interim government. 
“I declined," Mr Enrile said. 


, _ _ „„ Wieve.it 

wouKflSe 
install arttutita# government 
in this country.” Sfr Enrile 
added that,- anyway, he su 
ported Mrs Aquino in as t 
legitimate victor of the presi- 
dential elections. 

.- Mrs Aquino also showed 
how far she is going toi depend 
on the men around her, some 
of them previously entirely 
hostile to her, by reappointing 
the Governor of the Central 
Bank, and acrocial economic 
figure of some controversy, 
Mr Jose Fernandez. She safe 
that she had spoken to him 
and that he had already out- 
lined the seriousness qf the 
economic problems the coun- 
try faced. • 

But she also showed how far 
her own qualities -would rule 
in the new governmental ac- 
tivity by dedaring that she 
would not attempt to prose- 
due former President Marcos 
for his implication . in the 
murder of her husband, Sena-, 
tor Benigno Aquino, in Au- 
gust.lM^ 

“I can be magnanimous in 
victoiy” foe said, to loud 
applause. - Mrs Aqrranb also 
won applause by insisting that 

Continued on page 2, cd [7 


US help for Aquino 


Washington — As former 
PresktentMarcos arrived with 
89 members of his family and 
supporters, the Reagan Ad- 
ministration was yesterday 
moving quickly to strengthen 
Htefions with the new Gov- 
ernment in. Manila and offer 
president Aquino whatever 
help she needed ( Michael 
Btnyon writes). 

Mr Philip Habib, President 
Reagan’s special envoy, was 
due to arrive in Manila yester- 
day with a broad, mandate to 
be lielpfUl in offering US aid 


for economic revival ' and na- 
tional security. Mr Stephen 
Bosworth, the US Ambassa- 
dor to Manila, had n meeting 
•with Mrs Aquino, and Mr 
was due tosend her a 


Meanwhile preparations 
were being made in Hawaii to 
accommodate Mr Marcos, 
who has property there. 

The White House was bold- 
ing talks with ' the stale’s 
authorities oir arrangements, 
for his security. 

, . Facade rfwwmalfryawge 7 


Hardliners 
blamed 
for Ulster 
about-turn 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

Undemocratic elements were 
yesterday Mamed at Westmin- 
ster for the unexpected break- 
down of the latest attempt to 
more towards a political set- 
tlement in Northern Ireland. 

As Ulster Uaionfats called a 
one-day strike on Monday to 
protest against the Anfeo- 
Irish agreement there was 
anger, disapptintmenf and 
sunrise in London at the 
aboaMmu by their leaders. 

Within 12 litinrs of an 
agreement between Mrs 
Thatcher and Unionist leaders 
tbcooridct a qMrieresce on the 
derehrtkm f powers to the 
province • ' -Sir. :• James 
MoKpeanx, leader of fooCMfi- 


clal Uitionbts, and tite Rev Ian 
Paisley, leader of the Demo- 
cratic Unionists, announced 
that they would withdraw the 
consent of the Northern Ire- 
land people from the Govern- 
ment ' 

They hqd come under fierce 
pressure' from Loyalist 
harififaers, who were assoted 
by seme leading Umoiristpali- 
ticfczasj in voidng opposition 
to any move whifo smacked of 
an accommodation wMi the 
British Gover nme nt. *’ 
Reports reaching utinistere 
s n ggw«<d that the- vottefoce 
took place after seven or eight 
key Loyalist “workers’* 
representatives" were invited 
into a Belfast meeting of the 
tet steering committee of 
uionist parties monitoring 
the agreement 
It was also said that a 
representative of the paramffi- 
taiy Ulster Defence Assoda- 
tioo had been present. And 
titefr combined opposition, 
helped by that of the two 
leaders* deputies, :Mr Prier 
Robinson and Mr Harold 
McCnsker, led to the leaders 
benagoremried. 

It was felt at Westmins&v 


yesterday that the hardliners 
had steeped in becanse of their 
determination that Monday’s 
strike should go ahead. 

The strike was condemned 
fast night by Mr Tom Kin^ 
the Secretary of State for 
Northern Ireland. 

*Tf yon want to invent a 
perfect recape to destroy jobs 
in Northern Ireland - and 
■temployment is already high 
- hare a one day strike," fa 
said. 

VMr King said that some 
"very hot-headed people" may 
hare been behind Unionist 
party leaders’* change of 
heart. 

Leader, page 13 


Second biggest 
teachers 9 union 
accepts deal 

By Lacy Hodges, Education Correspondent 
The second biggest teaching showed a turnout of 58 per 


union hes voted by 69 percent 
to 31 per cent 10 accept the 
provisional Acas pay deal, 
paving the way to an end to 
the year-old pay dispute this 
week. 

The National Association of 
Scboolmasters/Union of 
Women Teachers, which to- 
gether with other smaller 
unions controls the teachers* 
ride of tbe Burnham negotiat- 
commitiec, voted in a 
it by 43,899 to 20,407 to 
accept the offer of 6.9 per cent, 
rising to 8.5 per cent by foe 
end of March. 

Although this is expected to 
mean an end to foe strikes 
whith -have - disrupted 
children's education, it will 
notmean an end to industrial 
action in schools because 
many members of foe 117,000- 
strong union will refuse to 
resume foe so-called volun- 
tary duties, such as cover for 
absent colleagues, attending 
parents’ and staff meetings, 
and taking- part in clubs, sports 
and other out-of-horns activi- 
ties. 

They will join the National 
Union ofTeachers, foe biffiest 
teachers’ union, which has 
boycotted foe Acas deal and 
announced yesterday that it 
had won a 87 per cent 
majority vote in a ballot to 
continue its work-tiwule. 

A total of 98,753 members 
voted to continue to refuse to 
do voluntary duties and 12,377 
(13 per cent) voted against, a 
56 per cent turnout . 

Although the official . 
NAS/UWT ballot result 


cent, Mr Fred Smithies, its 
general secretary, said that the 
actual turnout was more like 
70 per cent. This was because 
10,000 votes had been held up 
in foe post and came in after 
the dosing date of February 2L 
The Electoral Reform Society 
conducted a count yesterday 
morning, and found that with 
tbe lost votes foe figures were 
50,344 in favour and 23,771 
against. 

Tbe Acas deal, which will be 
binding on all teachers, is 
expected to be ratified by foe 
foil Burnham committee to- 
morrow. Tbe smaller teaching 
unions will call off all industri- 
al action and foe NUT will call 
off strike action.. 

Mr Smithies said yesterday 
that it was np to individual 
members whether they contin- 
ued to withdraw their 
“voluntary” duties. 

This could mean foat the 
local authority employers will 
refuse to ratify foe deal tomor- 
row. They met foe teachers’ 
unions yesterday under the 
auspices of Acas to point out 
that the deal included a com- 
mitment to return to normal 
duties. 

Mr Smithies said the out- 
come of foe ballot was “emi- 
nently satisfactory". His 
union, which had been largely 
responsible for seeking an end 
to foe dispute, would press 
ahead now with talks on a new 
salary structure and a defini- 
tion of teachers’ duties, the 
other strand to foe Acas deal 
Photograph, page 2 


Cairo under 
curfew after 
police riots 

From ABee Brinton, Cairo 

The Egyptian Government and it is said that they were 

spurred on to revolt because of y 


t fa 


& 


imposed an indefinite afcrfew 
on Cairo and surrounding 
areas yesterday as troops went 
into action to quell a mutiny 
several thousand members 
the country's Central Secu- 
forces. 

paramilitary group 
went cm foe rampage on 
Tuesday night in the Giza area 
in protest at what they 
claimed was a decision to 
prolong their term of doty 
from three years to four. The 
authorities cordoned off the 
area while several thousand 
men ran riot through foe night 
in a spree of arson and looting. 

Several hotels in the area 
were set on fire. Mr Colin 
Eastman, a British engineer 
who lives in Giza, said the 
Jolie VDle and Holiday Inn 
hotels were destroyed. 

The fate of hotel guests is 
not known, but there has been 
no report of foe death or 
injury of any foreign tourists. 
Reuter quoted police sources 
as saying 15 Egyptians were 
killed and more than 300 
injured. 

By yesterday morning the 
violence had spread from 
Giza to other parts of foe 
capital, prompting foe Army 
to send in tanks, troops am! 
helicopters. Cairo Internation- 
al Airport was dosed briefly 

Witnesses said hundreds of 
cars had been burnt or riddled 
with bullets in widely scat- 
tered parts of tbe capital 

The mutiny seems to have 
taken President Mubarak's 
Government by surprise, and 
he may find himself faring one 
of foe most serious domestic 
problems he has bad to grap- 
ple with during his fouryears 
in office. 

The security forces are 
known to have a grudge 
against foe elite military units. 


a recent local newspaper re- 
port that paramilitary groups . u. 
would not receive any salary y 1 - 
increases. !* 

• Briton robbed; A young t 
British businessman told of - ^ 
being robbed by the mutineers j 
as they looted and burnt a e y- 
hotel near the Pyramids (Rea- e . 
ter reports); - g j 

“They got all our money at. 5 » 

gunpoint,” Mr Andrew Jens 
said, after be and two other 
Britons had fled foe blazing d 
hotel and walked all night to y. 
reach foe safety of the British d 
Embassy. :r 

Mr Jeffs, from Ruislip, west 0 
London, said he saw tanks ts 
moving in and firing at muti- 
neers, but did not see anyone jf 
hit. He be was in his room at d 
foe Jolie Ville Hotel when the ii 
power went off and he heard jf 
shouting and glass breaking. 

He tried to get to foe reception d 
area but was advised by staff 
to gp to the back of foe *s 

hotel. „ . i- 

Pbotographs. page 32 



Kremlin leaders join in 
debunking Brezhnev 

From Christopher talker, Moscow 


Senior members of tip 
Kremlin hierachy Mowed the 
lead of Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov yesterday and 
launched enthusiastically into 
a public de-bunking of foe 18- 
year rule of Mr Leonid Brezh- 
nev in debates at the crucial 
27th congress of the ruling 
Communist Party. 

According to official Tass 
reports of speeches delivered 
to the 5,000 Soviet delegates 
in foe Kremlin’s cavernous 
Palace of Congresses, foe self- 
criticism ordered by Mr 
Gorbachov rapidly emerged 
as foe central theme. 

Mr Boris Yeltsin, new chief 
of foe \2 million strong 
Moscow Communist Party 
attacked the recent drastic lags 
in construction and other 
industries based in the capital 
stagnation in its economy and 
foe deterioration in its soda! 
infrastructure. 


Meanwhile in foe. streets 
outside the hall extra efforts 
had recently been made to 
clear away accumulated piles 
of filthy snow and ice as part 
of foe crash programme to 
spruce up the cuy 

Also weighing in with a 
strong attack on tbe shortcom- 
ings of the Brezhnev years was 
Mr Vitaly Vorotnikov, a full 
member of the 1 1-strong Po- 
litburo who was exiled as 
Ambassador to Cuba under 
Brezhnev 

To the surprise of some 
Soviet officials, the wholesale 
denunciation of the Kremlin's 
recent past was joined by-Mr 
Vladimir Shcherbitsky, chief 
of foe Ukraine Communist 
Party and one of the two 
remaining members of. foe 
Brezhnev “old guard" still 
holding Politburo member- 
ship. 

Text extracts, page? 


Current account leaps 
to £1 billion surplus 

By David Smith, Economics C o rrespondent 


Britain had a balance of 
payments surplus of more 
than £1 billion fast month, 
mainly because of £500 mil- 
lion to EEC budget refunds 
and a record trade surplus in 
oiL 

-The current account sur- 
plus, of £1.14 billion, was foe 
third highest on record, and 
the best for three years. It 
compared with a surplus of 
£X5 billion for the whole of 
fast year. 

During the January collapse 
in oil prices, oil companies 
unloaded stocks to anyone 
who would purchase them, so 
oil exports surged and oil 


imports felLThe result was a 
£997 million oil surplus. 

Britain received two sepa- 
rate EEC abatements last 
month, £438 million in re- 
spect of the 1984 budget and 
around £70 million as the first 
monthly abatement on the 
1985 EEC budget. The result 
was a record surplus of £1 
bilbon on so-called invisible 
items of trade. 

Trade in manufacturing was 
in deficit by £266 million fast 
month. 

The pound dropped 60 
points to S 1.4892 and three 
pfennigs to DM3.31 The ster- 
ling index fell 0.4 to 75.3. 

Details, page 17 


EEC court backs woman over retirement age 


FtancesGibb - 
aife Nicholas Tfrnmiiis : - 

Women working in foe pub- 
lic sector yesterday won the 
right to ttoe same retirement 
fee' as men ia a refing which 
■ fresh pressnre on the 
mmeat to reflfak .Its 
poKcfcs oa retirement and 


day betweeb gorernraeat 
ministers and employers ^orer 
jfrf bqpPrflriflnB- . 

. The Equal Oppertanitfas 
Commisrioa, . which hacke d 
Miss Matghafft test cue, 
said it was “delighted” and 
that the Government ckmdd 
legislate to outlaw neqaal 
retirement ages fa foe private 


.and ff only 100,000 of them 
.carry oa working flat fa 
1OA0O0 jobs not available to 
itther people. The social impli- 
. cations are amriderabfa and 
tim Government cannot leave 
ft to employers to sort oat the 


60 and 65 for both sexes bst 
that if the age had to be fixed it 
should be 63. 

Tbe immediate effect of the 
ruling, however, is flat women 
in the public sector can insist 
on retirement at the same age 


tec » 

TV* Radio M 
Weadw:. -- 32 


& 

IT* 




The European Goat of 
Justice hi Laxentboarg rnled 
that where men retire agglG5 
ft Is a breach -of die EEC's 
-equal treatment directives to 
fNeemnn to retire aged 60.- 
Tbe TtnHct represents a 

victory for Mfes'.Heten M»- 
giall, aged 67, a di etician who 
worked^ for toe, Southampton 
gad. South West Hampshire 
Health Authority- She was 
allowed to tow* on past, foe 
normal -retirement an of .60 
but was farced to retire aged 
62- although male employees 
were allowed to work os to 65. 
The judgement only directly 


Mr Keaaefh Cfcrke, 
Minister for . -Empis#aeati 
said that while be thought ft 
had fanpB cati PM for emptoy- 
exs and that they sbotil not 
tore different rates far toe two 
sexes aw retirement age, “I do 
not think ft has any maf#? 


' The Confederation' of Brit- 
ish Industry said ft favoured 
fiptibitig ia retirement age 

retirem e nt 


I reading article 
Law Report 


13 

IS 



which win remain at 60 far 
women and 65 for men. Bat the 
Institute of Dftectors arid: “As 


Is going to have to work wr 
what its retirement poifcy is. 


impfeatioE# would be too 
enormous," ft said. If pension 
age was moved to 60 it would 
cort foe goven uent -and em- 
£25 Union a year 
hfr 

mote fikriy fo opt for general 
retirement at age S which 
wondd mean 1 women, would 
bare to work kfflger . for foe 


Miss Marshall said 

day she was delighted with the 

outcome- “I see no reason why 
nomm should be forced to 
stop work before men. Now 
they should have the chance to 
stay oa at work. They are 
pmksbly better able to contin- 
ue working until 65 than many 


sector* fart there 


was iride- 

ywter- 


“Three I 
woipea retire at age 60 a year 


The Equal 
Commission said 


V; 


The Department of Health 
sad Social Security, white 
emphasizing that the ruling 
affected fetiremeut age, rather 
than pension age, said any 
«faange to a flexible decade of 
re tire me nt would need to be 
phased in over about 10 years. 

Yesterday's judgement also 
has far-reaching implications 
for the rights of individuals 
EC taw. It means that 
even where a state has not 


tin taws to implement a 
EEC directive, an fodhtidnal 
employed by the state can rely 
in the directive in bringing a 
case. 

Yesterday the court dis- 
missed another case brought 
by Miss Joan Roberts against 
Tate and. Lyle Industries 
which made her redundant 
along with other empi 
when foe depot dosed in 

She daimed " "fair i Harlm i. 
nation contrary to the Sex 
Dtacrijrinafom Act and EEC 
-few since under the severance 
agreements* male employees 
coaM receive an immediate 
peaski 10 years before the 
norm!- retirement age for 
men, that is at 55, and women 
could not receive the pension 
ostlt fire yens before the 
normal retirement age. 

The court held, however, 
that that did not constitute 
dSsarimmation oa grounds of 
sex contrary to community 
taw. 


RUTH 

RENDELL 



FLESH 


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HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 


Treasury chief says 
Labour promises 
to cost £24 billion 


By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 


The Labour Party’s public 
expenditure promises would 
cost the nation an extra 
£24biIfion a year, Mr John 
MacGregor, chief secretary to 
the Treasury, said last night. 

In a letter to Mr Roy 
Hatterslev. shadow Chancel- 
lor of the’ Exchequer, he said; 
“I should emphasize that £24 
billion represents the cost of 
your programme in a single 
year almost all the commit- 
ments are ongoing and the 
cost of some of them will 
escalate over lime." 

Mr MacGregor's derision to 
detail the fell cost of Labour's 
public spending comm- 
ittments follows a Commons 
dash last week when Mr 
Hauersley described the £24 
billion figure as an “in- 
vention". 

He said the Treasury minis- 
ter was ''pathetically 
incapable" of substantiating 
it. 

The costings provided by 
Mr MacGregor were carried 
out at his request by Treasury 
officials after consultations 


with Whitehall departments. 

“It is not unusual for the 
Treasury to be asked to pro- 
vide costings of policy propos- 
als made by those outside 
Government," he said in this 
letter. 

In a direct challenge to Mr 
Hauersley. he added: “You 
declined last Thursday to say 
whether or not you held to the 
commitments I listed in the 
debate. 

“I think it is in everyone's 
interest that you now say 
whether these commitments 
still stand; and if this is not 
now Labours programme, 
which elements in it will be 
abandoned?" 

According to Mr Mac- 
Gregor, Labour would spend 
an extra £6,565 million on 
employment, split up into 
training for the unemployed. 
Community programme up- 
grading, an educational main- 
tenance award, a 35-hour 
week, a minimum wage and 
regional employment subsi- 
dies. 

The extra social security 


spending would consist of 
£325 million on television 
licences for pensioners, £220 
million on maternity and 
death grams, £1.450 million 
on child benefit, £1,650 mil- 
lion on pensions, £2,600 mil- 
lion on early retirement and 
£500 million on unemploy- 
ment benefits. 


Other public spending com- 


. nding 
mitmerns include £900 mil- 


lion on aid, £1,133 million on 
industry and £48 million on 
setting up a national invest- 
ment bank. 


Housing, the urban pro- 
gramme and sewerage projects 
would be responsible for a 
£4.000 million additional 
spending while £780 million 
extra would go to the National 
Health Service. Other com- 
mitments listed as minor mea- 
sures would cost £60 million 
bringing the total to £24.160 
million. 

Energy plans would take up 
a further £750 million, the arts 
£140 million and transport 
£1.108 million. 


Labour lists 16 Militants 


Continued from page 1 

the hard-core ten named in the 

report. 

They include Mr Hatton. 
Mr Tony Mu I beam, chairman 
of the district Labour Party, 
which is to be disbanded: Mr 
Terry Harrison, vice-chair- 
man who is one of the 
founding fathers of Militant, 
and Mr lan Lowes, who leads 
Militant's trade union van- 
guard in Liverpool. 

During yesterday's meeting 
Mr Kinnock look a tough line, 
saying: “People talk of a broad 
church party. A church with 
an open door is still a church. 
A church without walls is an 
open space to be trampled on. 

“Those who would have no 
boundaries, no limits, no walls 
for this party simply are not 
serious about this party and 
they do not deserve to be 
treated seriously by this 
party." 

Responding to threats of 
internal party civil war. Mr 
Kinnock said: “We are not 
intimidated by threats.df civil 
war and court injunctions. 

“We will not buckle any 
m «e than the people of 
courage who told the truth 
about Militant in Liverpool 
buckled to threats. 

“The great majority’ of the 
Labour party would not for- 
give us if we did." 

He also said that the party 
had been given Militant's 
definition of unity - “The rest 
of the party and its 350.000 
members can have unity as 
long as they do what a couple 


of thousand Militant mem- 
bers say." 

Earlier in the meeting, Mr 
Whitty had advised the execu- 
tive that on legal grounds, 
with next week’s court hearing 
set down, they must be careful 
not to discuss the Militant 
accusations in relation to 
council affairs. 

He also stressed that in 
accordance with the rules of 
natural justice an opportunity 
had to be given for individuals 
to respond to the charges laid 
against them. That will take 
place at next executive meet- 
ing on March 12. 

Mr Tony Benn and Mr 
Heffer attempted to stall the 
proceedings by recommend- 
ing that they should be put off 
until after the court case. That 
was defeated by 20 votes to 9. 

Mr David Blunkett. leader 
of Sheffield Council, support- 
ed by Mr Kinnock successfully 
moved a resolution suggesting 
that the party was not engaged 
in a witch hunt and that 
maximum tolerance had to be 
exercised during the disciplin- 
ary proceedings. 

Thai resolution was con- 
demned by Mr Benn as “total- 
ly phoney" though Mr Skinner 
was the lone executive mem- 
ber voting against . 


The inquiry report, en- 
dorsed by the executive, rec- 
ommended that Mr Whiny 
“be instructed to consider the 
evidence relating to possible 
membership of Militant Ten- 
dency against the persons 
named ... and were applicable 


Labour’s move on 


Militant backed 


By Peter Davenport 


Key witnesses who provid- 
ed evidence against Militant 
Tendency in Liverpool to the 
Labour Party inquiry yester- 
day welcomed the moves that 
may end in the expulsion of 10 
leading activists in the city. 

The derision of the national 
executive committee lo bring 
charges against leading sup- 
porters such as Mr Derek 
Hatton and Mr Tony 
Mulheam was applauded by 
trade unionists and moderate 
Labour members who had 
complained of Militant in- 
timidation and domination of 




thejxariy in the city. 


tough the NEC has be- 
gun the moves which they 
hope will eradicate Militant 
from the party ranks, it is clear 
that the operation in Liver- 
pool will be far from easy. 

The Labour group, six con- 
stituencies and 33 wards have 
already taken decisions oppos- 
ing expulsions. If constituen- 
cies continue to embrace 
individuals ordered to be 
thrown out they could be 
disbanded by the NEC 

Labour Party members who 
have campaigned against Mil- 
itant admitted yesterday that 
the damage caused to the 
party by the organization will 
take a long time to repair. 

The decision to bring 
charges against the 10 was 
welcomed by Liverpool La- 
bour Left an umbrella organi- 
zation of Labour supporters, 


trade unionists and black 
rights activists in the city. 

The moves were also wel- 
comed by officials of the 
moderate Vauxhall ward La- 
bour Party who had cam- 
paigned against Militant 
influence in the city and who 

resented evidence of support 
Labour councillors for the 
group. 

Mr Tony McGann. vice- 
chairman. said:** We have no 
desire to enter into personal- 
ities and mention the Hattons 
and Mulbeams of this world. 
Our antagonism against the 
Militant Tendency in its 
entirity and all our activities 
are aimed at its eradication as 
a cancerous growth within the 
Labour Patty.” 

The attempt by Militant to 
fight back against the NEC 
will begin tonight at a meeting 
of the suspended Liverpool 
district Labour Party. 

• Labour's NEC is to ask 
two prominent members in 
Cardiff to attend a special 
meeting at which they will be 
invited to answer charges 
concerning their links with 
Militant Tendency (Tim 
Jones writes). 

Mr Chris Peace, of Cardiff 
Central constituency and Mr 
Tony Wediake. of Cardiff 
West, have described the 
moves as a “witchhunt” and 
have threatened legal action to 
retain their membership. 


to formulate charges against 
them to be heard by the 
national executive." 

Apart from Mr Hatton, Mr 
Harrison and Mr Lowes, the 
hardcore members agreed by 
six of the eight inquiry team 
members, were identified as: 
Ms Felicity Dowling, Ms Josie 
Ailman, Mr Tony Altman, Mr 
Richard Knights. Ms Cheryl 
Variey, and Mr Richard Den- 
ton. 

A further six were identified 
by four members of the eight 
strong inquiry team. They 
were: Paul Astbury, Mr Roger 
Bannister. Carol Darby, Ms 
Pauline Dunlop. Ms Sylvia 
Sharpev-Shafer, and Mr Harry 
Smith. 

The inquiry report said: 
“There may be other members 
of the pairty who have to 
vary ing degrees been involved 
or supported Militant Ten- 
dency in the past. However, 
the investigation team believe 
it is neither provable nor 
profitable to add to the above 
list.” 

After Mr Kinnock had run 
the morning Militant picket, 
he said that the party would 
“abominate" what had been 
reported. 

He said: “The report very 
clearly demonstrates a series 
of organized abuses of the 
party, its procedures, its 
constitution" Because of 
those allegations the report 
recommended that the district 
party executive. Militant's 
power base, should be sus- 
pended and reconstituted with 
a newly formed district La- 
bour party early in June. 

Investigations are to be 
launched into some of the 
council's recruitment policies, 
particularly for the controver- 
sial Static Security Force, 
regarded as the Militant 
guard, and the Campaign 
Support Unit, the centre of 
Militant propaganda. 

Affiliations lo the district 
Labour party are also to be 
scrutinized, particularly those 
from the General. Municipal 
and Boilermaker's Union, the 
Transport and General 
Workers* Union. Student La- 
bour' clubs and Labour 
Womens’ Council. 


However, it is unlikely that 
disciplinary action against any 
of Militants* Liverpool leaders 
will diminish their endemic 
influence on Merseyside. 

Mr Mulhearn said yesterday 
that be would be staying in the 
party. He clearly intends to 
follow the example set by the 
national Militant leadership 
which was expelled exactly 
four years ago. 

Mr Peter Taaffe, editor of 
Militant, the tendency news- 
paper. and one of the five 
Militants expelled in 1982. 
said yestenday:“My ward still 
consider me a member of die 
party." It is understood that 
others in that batch of five 
expulsions still hold party 
cards. 

Yesterday's executive also 
considered the selection of Mr 
Pat Wall as parliamentary 
candidate for Bradford North: 
a decision which has caused 
some disquiet because of his 
strong links with Militant. 

A proposal that he should 
be interviewed about his Mili- 
tant connection was stalled. 


Building societies in cash card link 


By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

Investors with seven of the Provincial, and Woolwich Eq- the Abbey National and Na- 

ultable braiding societies. Be- 



largest building societies in 
the country now have access to 
a new nationwide system of 
cash card machines compara- 
ble with the machine networks 
operated by the big high street 
banks. 

The Matrix system of auto- 
matic teller machines (ATMs) 
went live yesterday. Baking up 
its members so that depositors 
in one bnflding society can ase 
the machines of other member 
societies to withdraw money 
from their account 
The members of Matrix 
include the Alliance & Lekes- 
Anglia, Bradford & 
Bmgiey, Bristol & West 
Permanent, National & 


tween them the societies have 
2500 brandies and 8.1 mfllion 
investors. 

By the end of this year the 
system plans to have more 
than 400 machines on stream, 
building op to a total of 1.000 
in two years time. By then 
Matrix expects to have around 
3. 5 million cardholders. 

Cardholders will be free to 
withdraw op to £250 a day 
from Matrix machines, check 
balances, and make deposits 
of cash or cheques between 7 
am and 11 pm seven days a 
week. 

The Link consortium, a rival 
ATM system which includes 


tionwide building societies, is 
building a comparable number 
of machines bnt has so far not 
connected ap the ATM ser- 
vices of its members. .... 

The Halifax, the largest 
bnilding society, has Its own 
independent system of more 
than 300 ATMs. 


The Matrix machines are 
more advanced than most 
ATMS used by the banks. 
They are (Hi "real time” which 
means that withdrawals or 
deposits are immediately re- 
corded on a customer's ac- 
count without the usual two 
days delay on a bank ATM 
transaction. 


> 



Mr Bill Herron (left), assistant general secretary of the National Association of 
Schoolteachers/Union of Women Teachers, and Mr Fred Smithies, the general secretary, 
with the results yesterday of their ballot on the latest pay offer to teachers. 


GLC is accused of 


illegal ‘will’ 


The Greater London Coun- 
cil was accused in the High 
Court yesterday of making an 
illegal “will" to dispose of 
nearly £97 million of 
ratepayers' money before its 
abolition on March 31. 

The accusation was made 
by Westminster City Council, 
backed by seven other Conser- 
vative London boroughs, 
when it asked Mr Justice 
Macpherson to quash alloca- 
tions for the grant. 

The judge has already re- 
served judgement on similar 
actions brought by Conserva- 
tive-controlled councils 
against Greater Manchester 
Council and West Midlands. 
He hopes to give judgement 
on all the actions next week. 

Mr Andrew Collins, QC- for 
Westminster council, said 
that in reality, £165 million 
was at stake for London 
ratepayers. 

He said: “The GLC has no 
power to make a will. This is. 


in fact, what it is trying to do." 

Mr Collins said if the mon- 
ey was not spent on “forward 
funding" local organizations it 
could attract 82 per cent in 
block grant, making it worth 
up to £165 million to the 
councils which would take 
over GLC duties after aboli- 
tion. 

“The issue is whether sums 
should be allocated and spent 
as the GLC proposes, or used, 
on its demise, for the benefit 
of the London residual body 
and the boroughs.” Mr Collins 
said. 

The GLC. on a 49-43 vote, 
had decided to distribute £25 
million to minimize the dis- 
ruption expected to be caused 
by its abolition to some 1.400 
voluntary organizations. 

Other payments would in- 
clude £40 million to the Inner 
London Education Authority 


The hearing, expected to 
last three days, continues. 


Westland 


‘is still 
British’ 


Girl tells 


of £2, 000 


By George Hill 


Control of the Westland 
helicopter company cannot 
pass out of British hands 
under the present pattern of 
share ownership. Sir John 
Cuckney, chairman of the 
company, told the Commons 
defence committee yesterday. 

Even assuming that there 
was foreign control of the 
holdings where the ultimate 
ownership is still unknown 
and that Sikorski-Fiat might 
convert all their non-voting 
shares to voting shares, over- 
seas owners would control less 
than half the company’s 
shares under any legal defini- 
tion, Sir John said. 

More than 42 per cent of the 


company’s shares remain in 
the hands 


either of opponents 
of the Sikorski-Rai option or 
of owners who are not known. 
Sir John said. 


Under questioning by Dr 
John Gilbert, Labour MP for 
Dudley East. Sir John agreed 
that under present rules on 
disclosure of ownership h 
would be possible for control 
of a British defence contractor 
to pass into foreign hands 
without the board finding out 
for some time. 


The Black Hawk helicopter 
which is to be the mainstay of 
Westland’s collaboration with 
Sikorski. had such a high 
export potential that it would 
be a satisfactory project if it 
sold no helicopters in 
BritainJie said. 


day out 


A pantomine dancer .Miss 
Donna Winwood. yesterday 
told Maidstone Crown Court 
that Derry Mainwaring 
Knight, the alleged “Satan 
conroan”, spent £2,000 on her 
on a day out in Southend. 

Miss Winwood. 20. of north 
London. $aid Mr Knight ap- 
proached her during rehears- 
als for a pantomine. 

Mr Knight, of Dormans 
Land, Surrey, denies 19 
charges of obtaining £203.8S0 
by deception. 

Earlier, the Rev John Baker, 
who had befriended Mr 
Knight, finished his evidence 
after 19 hours in the witness 
box spread over six days. 

Mr Knight had told Mr 
Baker that he needed money 
obtained from wealthy Chris- 
tians to break his bonds with 
Satanism. 

Mr Baker said that the 
Satanic organisation to which 
Mr Knight belonged was 
based at what was called 
Rochford Temple in Hockney 
Woods, Essex. 

He told the court that Mr 
Knight claimed his family had 
been involved in the black arts 
for 33 generations covering 
850 years. 

Mr Baker told the court that 
Mr Knight had said that about 
2.000 members of the Satanic 
organisation would be re- 
leased from the control of the 
devil once be bad destroyed 
the regalia. 

The trial was adjourned 
until today. 


Rank will 


press on 
with bid 


By Clifford FeJtham 


on 


of 


the 


The Rank Organisation yes- 
terday promised to press * 
with us struggle for control 
Granada even though l 
Independent Broadcasting 
Authority has said the take- 
over bid was unacceptable. 

Rank is angry that the IB A, 
which has re {used to allow the 
transfer of ownership of the 
Granada television franchise, 
has given no reason for its 
decision or even discussed 
Rank's suitability to operate 
the business. 


Mr Michael Gifford, the 
Rank chief executive, said last 
nightrWe intend to proceed 
with what we think is a very 
generous offer in the interests 
of Granada shareholders." 


But Mr Alex Bernstein, the 
Granada chairman, immedi- 
ately responded by saying that 
he was surprised at the Rank 
decision. 


The Granada chief made it 
dear that there were no cir- 
cumstances under which the 
board would agree to a take- 
over offer from Rank." We 
think that it remains unac- 
ceptable in every sense.” 


He also dismissed reports 
that some of the Granada big 
institutional shareholders 
were unhappy at the outcome 
and yesterday’s inevitable fell 
in the share price. 


Rank in a statement said 
that it had been surprised at 
the IBA’s decision “ and the 
peremptory way” in which it 
had been issued. 


The IBA said that it had 
been under no obligation to 
discuss the offer with Rank 
and declined to say whether it 
would meet Rank. 


Meanwhile, on the stock 
market Granada shares fell 18p 
to 268p. Rank's share swap 
places a value on the shares of 
290p. 

Leading article, page 13 


Art exports 
blocked 


The Government has sus- 
pended export licences on 
important works by Raphael 
and Mantegna and a 
Capodimonte ewer and basin 
set to give British galleries a 
chance to bid for them, it was 
announced yesterday. 


The licence on a Raphael 
drawing of the Virgin and 
Child with the Infant Baptist 
is to be witheld for six months 
while a rare print by Mantegna 
and the Capodimonte pieces 
cannot be exported for three 
months. 


Thatcher 




upbeat 
on jobs 


By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 


Mrs Margaret Thatcher yes- 
terday braced the Conserva- 
tive Party for the prospect of 
going into the next general 
election with little or no 
reduction in the record unem- 
ployment figures. But she 
insisted that having up to 
three and a half million people 
still out of wotIc would not 
prevent the Government be- 
ing re-elected. 

Her implicit acceptance that 
the jobless total is unlikely to 
fell noticeably for at least the 
next two years, came as a 
prominent group of Tory 
“wets” warned her that voters 
were no longer prepared to 
accept the Conservative mes- 
sage at the 1983 election that 
unemployment was an inev- 
itable result of changes in the 
world economy. 

The Tory Reform Group 
said a failure to tackle unem- 
ployment more aggressively 
would put at risk her ambi- 
tions of a third term as Prime 
Minister. 



Mrs Thatcher with Jimmy Young yesterday 


But Mrs Thatcher, in an 
upbeat interview on the Jim- 
my Young Show, brushed 
aside demands for suds action 
and insisted the Conservatives 
could win without significant 
reductions in the jobless totaL 
She said people knew that 
the introduction of new tech- 
nology, while leading to short 
term unemployment, would 
lead to new jobs later oh. and 
they recognized the 
Government's efforts to help 
jobles young people, assist 
people to start up on their own 


and give aid to the regions. 

In creating new jobs the 
emphasis had to be on people 
starting their own businesses, 
or companies that were ex- 
panding. 

The Prime Minister turned 
on people who have protested 
that BL should not fell into 
US hands and told them to 
“put up or shut up" .She said 
she was “fed up” with people 
who talked a lot about BL 
remaining British, but did not 
put their money where their 
mouth was. 



Tribunal 
safeguard 
on pbone 
tapping 


By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 


Correspondent 


The Government's Billio 
regularize telephone tapping 
and the interception of mail a 
to come into force os April 10 
with an independent commis- 
sioner and tribunal as two of 
the safeguards. Mr Douglas 
Hurd. Home Secretary, told 
the Commons yesterday. 

Under the Interception of 
Communications Act, 1985, 
unauthorized interception of 
communications by post or 

Telecommunication will be a 

criminal offence. Interception 
can only be authorized by the 
Home secretary personally for 
dearly specified purposes. 
The new criminal offence will 
carry a maximum penalty of a 
£2,000 fine on summary con- 
viction or, on indictment, two 
years’ imprisonment or a fine 
or both. 

Those who believe they may 
have been intercepted unlaw- 
fully will be able to take their 
case to the tribunal. 

Lord Justice Lloyd has been 
appointed commissioner to 
keep the Act's operation under 
continuous review. His annu- 
al report to the Prime Minister 
will be published. Lord- Bridge 
of Harwich, judicial monitor 
of interception since 1982, will 
step down. 

The tribunal president will 
be Lord Fraser of TuUybelton 
Lord of Appeal in ordinary 
since 1975 and a member of 
the Royal Commission on the 
Police in I960. Vice-president 
will be Sir Cecil Clothier, 
chairman of the Police Com- 
plaints Authority, and a for- 
mer health and local 
government ombudsman. 

Others on the tribunal are 
Mr David Cacuti, QC. chair- 
man of the Bar since 1984; Mr 
Ivor Guild, chairman and 
director of a number of in vest- 
ment trusts and registrar. 
Episcopal Synod of Episcopal 
Church in Scotland since 
1967; and Mr Peter Scott QG 
rhairman of the London Com- 
mon Law Bar Association 
from 1983 to 198S. 


The tribunal will have the 
power to discover the feels 
and award effective remedies 
in any case where interception 
wasimproperiy authorized. 

If it finds a warrant has been 
improperly issued it will in- 
form the individual and has 
the power to quash the autho- 
rization and order the destruc- 
tion of intercepted material. 


Leaders 
united on 
talks with 
Murdoch 



By Michael Horsnell 


Leaders of the five newspa- 
per unions yesterday agreed to 
make a join! approach to 
News International for talks 
over the dismissal of 5,000 
striking print workers and last 
night New? international said 
it was prepared to meet them. 

This development in the 
dispute followed a three-hour 
meeting of the unions at 
Congress House in London 
with Mr Norman Willis, TUC 
general secretary. 

The meeting was attended 
by Mr Eric Hammond, leader 
of the electricians' union 
EETPlf. whose members were 
accused of taking the jobs of 
traditional print workers 
when the newspaper group 
moved to its new printing 
plant at Wapping. east Lon- 
don. 

He said iaien"We are trying 
to find as answer to this 
difficult problem. We are 
putting ourselves ih line with 
the TUC General Council 
decision in doing so.” 

Mr Arthur Brinenden, di- 
rector of corporate relations 
for News International, said: 
“It was the unions who walked 
out on the previous talks 
shortly before we moved to 
Wapping. We -have always 
been prepared to talk and we 
would agree to a resumption 
now." 

The discussion at Congress 
House was said to be construc- 
tive and there was no attempt 
to “carpet" EETPU, which 
agreed earlier this month to 
abide by a TUC directive. 

EETPU has submitted a 
detailed letter to the TUC 
setting out how it has com- 
plied with the six-point direc- 
tive of which one was that it 
should help establish joint 
negotiations with the compa- 
ny. 

Further m eetings will be 
held between EETPU and the 
other unions — Sogat‘82, the 
National Graphical Associa- 
tion. the engineers (AUEW). 
and die National Union of 
Journalists 

A joint approach could then 
be made for talks with News 
Internationa] through the Ad- 
visory, Conciliation and Arbi- 
tration Service though 
yesterday Acas said it had 
received no approaches. 

_ Production of The Times’ s 
supplements was continued 
normally, .yesterday and all 
three publications are expect- 
ed to be on sale tomorrow 


i\ nine n 


.w. V 


11) 


•: ? 


General Motors 
defends bid 


if 1 ; Jf 

V ui 5 * 




t /, < . *t 
.iiilv . £ V. i.1 


By Craig Seton 


Mr Bob Price, the executive 
vice president of General Mo- 
tors overseas group, said yes- 
terday that the multi-national 
company should not be re- 
garded as a ’'foreign 
interloper** in it? bid for Land 
Rover. It would remain a 
British company capable of 
increasing production and 
employment under American 
ownership. 

Mr Price told The Torus 
that he had been surprised and 
placed in a quandry by the 
strength of the “keep Land 
Rover British” campaign. But 
he said: “It is not anti- 
Americanism — but ii is 
stronger British nationalism 
than I had anticipated. 

“I do not see why we are 
looked at as someone who is 
going to steal the family jewels 
and run and I am surprised 


that we are considered as a 
foreign interloper. We have 
run Bedford as a British 
company. Why should we run 
this new joint organization 
any differently?" 

Mr Price is in Britain to 
finalise General Motors’ for- 
mal bid for Land Rover and 
Leyiand Trucks before the 
March 4 deadline. 


He refused to discuss details 
of the package but said be was 
confident it was good enough 
to beat off a rival bid already 
presented to BL's merchant 
bankers. Hill Samuel, by a 
consortium of Land Rover 
executives. 

He said .Land Rover was 
malting money on 37,000 to 
40,000 sales a year. But it had 
a capacity to produce 75.000 
to 80.000 vehicles which 
should be utilised. 


Marcos allies are set 
to help Mrs Aquino 


Continued from page 1 
she would not live in 
Malacanang presidential pal- 
ace. although she will have her 
office there. “In this difficult 
time it is not fitting,” die said, 
“for the leader of a poor 
country to be boused in such 
luxury.” 

The new President also 
disclosed that she bad met a 
dozen members of Mr 
Marcos’s Cabinet and that 
they had offered to do every- 
thing to ensure a smooth 
transfer of power. She said 
that she bad been offered the 
.cooperation of th&members of 
Mr Marcos’s KBL, or New 
Society Movement, who are in 
the' overwhelming majority in 
the National Assembly. 

She reaffirmed her inten- 
tion of seeking a ceasefire with 
the Communist guerillas, 
whose insurgency has grown 
to threatening proportions in 
many areas of the country. But 
neither she nor her Defence 
Minister — even drawing on 
his previous experience - 
could say how many political 
prisoners languished in Philip- 
pine jails. Mr Entile insisted 
that it would be an urgent 
priority of his ministry to find 
out and to review their cases. 


Mrs Aquino, responding to 
rencan 


a question from an Ami 
correspondent about the fu- 
ture of the US bases in the 
Philippines, said that she had 
reaffirmed her position on the 
bases to the American Gov- 
ernment- “I am sticking to my 
Original plan,” she said, saying 
she would keep the bases until 
the present leases expire in 


Mr Saguisag said that there 
had been no time for an 
orderly transfer of power from 
the previous regime. “Only a 
.day ago," he smiled, “no one 
among us knew whether we 
would be alive or dead, wheth- 
er we should be imprisoned or 
free." 

Mrs Aquino made the point 
emphatically that the first 
priority of her government 
was to took after and “to 
improve the lot of the poor, 
the unemployed and the 
underemployed". 

1991, but after that dare she 
would keep her options open. 

Mrs Aquino modatly ac- 
knowledged that she had prob- 
ably been elected because she 
was Benigno Aquino's widow; 
“but also because I am Cory 
Aquino," she added. 

She asked for some under- 
standing from the Filipinos 
that menu had not yet been 
accomplished since she took 
office, mid pointed out“You 
had 20 years of Marcos, but it 
is still fess than 24 hours since 
Mr Marcos left." 

The newly-appointed :presi- 
dential spokesman. Mr Rene 
Saguisag, reinforced her ap- 
peal, asking not only for the 
people's tolerance but also for 
their sympathy and even com* 
passion. 




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American visitors and 
strong dollar bring 
tourist boom 



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By Derek Harris 
_ A Industrial Editor 

*'■ Higfc- spending American 
»■ tonristsfloodingto Britain last 
--fyear, attracted by the dollar's 
■» spending power in Britain, 
> helped ;the United Kingdom 
to its biggest tourism boom. 

It was a new boost for an 
industry, which is now the 
/w&stest growang in Britain. 

“ Theie were ■ 4.5? • millio n 
"■.foreign' - : visitors, ’spending 
- more -than '£514 billion during 
, .the year, according to pnm- 
^-j Tonal fignres released oy the 
"^■Department- -of 'Employment 
'•* yesterday. 

■ The" niimber of visitors was 
v ' a rise of 7 per cent over -the 
previous year while spending 
T- was up Hiper cent 
** Mr David Trippier, Minis- 
•■ter for-Tonrism, said: “Tour- 
ism is not only contributing a 
*-greai deal to the wealth of the 
-"country but is also now the 
Z‘ fastest growing sector of the 
■ 'UK' economy.' Forecasts are 
' for a. growth rate of 50,000 
.jobs eadfyear.” 

' . Mr" Duncan BJuck, cfaair- 
'"man of pie British Tourist 
; ; Authority,. 1 ^md: “The North 
American ; market with an 
X. increase of 15 per cent in 
’ numbers ** lias.." undoubtedly 
* contributed to this outstand-" 
^ing result- but the wide geo- 
1! graphical spread in the points 
of origin is particularly 
’ healthy.'’ • ' ' - 
'X “The indications are that 
*.-1986 will- be another record 


Holiday staff 
get free trip 

A British holiday .firm fe so 
pleased with the success of its 
American subsidiary at Bos- 
ton that It has givesi the staff a 
free trip to En gland. 

The 115 employees of Saga, 
a pioneer of holidays . for 
retired people, based at Folke- 
stone^ Kent, will be arriving at 
Heathrow today and returning 
onSanday. 

The success of . foe Boston 
compare, launched in 1981, 
gained Saga foe Queen’s 
Award for Export Achieve- 
meat in 1985. - 

year although it is likely to be 
more difficult than 1985. 

“ Our competitors are try- 
ing to increase their share of 
the world market and we have 
to work that much harder to 
ensure that we maintain our 
share if not increase it." 

He said there was a need for 
the British tourist industry to 
offer the best possible services 
at the keenest prices. ' 

Tourists needed reassur- 
ance on tire quality of wel- 
come being extended, on 
satisfaction and value for 
money, he said. - 
For the first time Britain 
had a tourism surplus over a 
foil year. The balance is struck 
between spending by Britons 


abroad and by foreign visitors 
to Britain. 

Tbe T 985 surplus in 
Britain's favour was £617 
million, a big turn round from 
the £49 million deficit of 1984. 

A -factor was that the num- 
ber of Britons travelling 
abroad dropped . by 2 per cent 
to 21 .59 million although their 
spending of £4.85 billion was 
an increase of 4 per cent over 
the previous year. 

Inta year when the Ameri- 
can dollar’s -buying power 
compared with sterling con- 
tinued to be strong the visits 
by North Americans to Britain 
was op 15 per cent during 
1985, with record 3.8 million. 

Visits by West Europeans 
were up S per cent although 
visitors from the rest of world 
showed only a marginal in- 
crease of about 1 per cent. 

West Europe visits by Brit- 
ons were down 2 per cent with 
tw ice that decline elsewhere 
except for North America 
which saw a small increase in 
tbe number of Britons visit- 
ing. 

There was a big boost in 
numbers of foreign visitors to 
Britain in December, rising 12 
cent above tbe totals for the 
same month of 1984. Britons' 
visits abroad were up 6 per 
cent 

Tbe question win be how ter 
an increasing weakness of tbe 
American dollar compared 
with sterling will reduce tbe 
flow of tourists from the 
United States. 


Women ‘feared the knife 


__ i. : 


- I 


’ Pregnant women were terri- 
fied by . rumours of “knife- 
happy” doctors atthe London 
: Hospital, Mrs Wendy Savage, 
. the consultant obstetrician at 
the hospital who was suspend- 
r ed last year, said yesterday. 

Asian ' women . were so 
r frightened that they refused to 
give birth by caesarian section 
even .when hwas. absolutely 
• necessary, she told the inquiry 
into allegations that she was 
incompetent 

; . Questioned about the case 
of Mrs ALL a Bengali woman 
; whose baby, died eight days 
after, birth, she J said:“There 
were -statements made that 
doctors, at the hospital were 
knife-happy.The rumours 
spread among the Ashur com- 
munity IikewiUftte’* ; '• 


On occasions doctors had 
advised patients that they 
should have the operation but 
the women had gone on to 
. give natural birth. 

Word spread among Asians 
in the Tower Hamlets health 
authority area that doctors at" 
the hospital were too quick in 
telling patients to have caesar- 
ian sections. 

Mrs Savage said that it was 
very difficult for hospital staff 
to convince Asian patients to 
have a caesarian section if 
they had heard the rumours 
and "were convinced the opera- 
tion was unnecessary. 

“Mrs AU may have been 
unconvinced' by The way- we 
put it to her” she said. 

Questioned -by Mr laa Ken- 
nedy; QC. counsel for. Tower 


Hamlets health authority, Mrs 
Savage admitted that 
subsconci ousty she did not 
until later give up hope of Mrs 
AU giving birth naturally “1 
think that a woman has to feel 
that she has tried and she has 
failed to deliver the baby 
vagi nalty." 

Mrs AU, one of Mrs 
Savage's patients, was in la- 
bour for 12 hours before a 
caesarian was performed. Her 
baby died of brain damage, 
although Mrs Savage has ar- 
gued that the cause of death 
was a rare blood disorder not 
damage during labour 

* Mrs Savage has been criti 
rized for failing to give the go 
stead for. a . caesarian birth 
much earlier. 


curbs 

criticized 

By Robin Young 

Consumer organizations art 
not .satisfied that new propos- 
“ al$ to curbinsuranw salesmen 
willbe sufficient, to ensure that 
‘'clients get unbiased advice 
1 ■ and a lair chance to consider 
" ' wliai policies to . buy. . 

, They me ako concerned 
; thattiie'Financial Services Bill. 
I now 'before Parliament may 
; also open 'the field of unit 
*' trusts to high-pressure sales- 
men whose well-rehearsed tac- 
.-m tics have tong been a subject of 
*: complain.".' 

The Consumers’ Associa- 
, r tion. publishers of Which . 7 , 
point out that commissions on 
, unit mist sales' are .for lower 
than on life assurance -policies: 
1.5 per cent to 3 per cent as 
compared with anything from 
; r 50 percent to 100 percent. 

« . The association . is not satis- 
fied ihat.lhe proposals of the 
T - Marketing ■' of •■Investment ' 
Board Organizing Committee 
. -for -future registration and 
examination of investment 
salesmen would ensure inves- 
tors an unbiased choice. 

The National Consumer 
Council says that- high-pres- 
sure tactics are frequently 
- used to sell poor or unsuitable 
investments under the guise of 
insurance; 

It has called for unsolicited 
" doorstep and telephone selling 
-' of life assurance to be .banned. 
i- Just licensing salesmen will do 
little ia help. 


Misuse of 
English 
deplored 

English standards are de- 
pressmgly low in many 
schools, broadcasting, news- 
papers and public life, accord- 
ing to a Reader’s Digest guide 
..to the language. 

Many, of the language's 
million- plus words are fre- 
qeently misused, even by best- 
selling writers and journalists, 
the guide claims. 

Dr John Kahn, foe editor 
and chief contributor, said 
yesterday font many educa- 
tionists were mgmg a return to 
fractional grammar lessons iu 
schools to improve foe declin- 
ing standards. 

“People are now much more 
interested in foe correct usage 
of the English language. But 
many are still concerned about 
how many liberties they can 
take with - their ' old, school- 
room grammar,” Dr Kahn 
said. “We have to tread a 
careful line between pure, role- 
bouad grammar, and free-for- 
all English/ 1 

- According to the guide, 
English is still foe most 
friddy-s»&«ilangsage, with 
at least 1,000 rnUlien speak- 
ers, nearly a quarter of foe 
world’s population. 

“While English is now be- 
ing rivalled by Mandarin, in 
respect of numbers, when it 
comes to geographkai distri- 
bution and usefulness it is in a 
class of its own," foe guide 
says. _ 

The i tight B 'on/ At The Right 
Time (Header's Digest £13.95). 


£1 coin for N Ireland 


’l People mJVorthern Ireland 
V now have a £1 coin that they 
.! can identify with. The new 
coin features 'foe. province’s 
. linen indnsfry^uid ulnstrates 
‘ " the fla x p iant bn the reverse 
" side. Tim new Raphael 
MaJdoof portrait of the 
"■ J "“lenls m tte other side. 
: coin, is being struck hi a 


‘ circulation «"«l there will be 
four collector versions. 



Hairs ‘key 
to Leonie 
kifler’ 

A seven-year-old giri found 
dead in a rubbish-filled base- 
ment had been sexually as- 
saulted and her throat cut 

Leonie Keating had been 
mutilated and was “dearly the 
victim of a sexual murder". 
Miss Ann Goddard, QC said 
in tbe Central Criminal Court 
yesterday. 

Patrick Reilly, aged 24, of 
Anson Road, Tumell Park, 
north London, has denied 
murdering Leonie in July 
1984. 

Miss Goddard said hairs 
were going to be very impor- 
tant in the case. Some of 
Reilly's ginger hairs were al- 
legedly found among Leonie’ s 
dark, negroid curls. 

And fibres from a jacket 
discovered at Reply’s home 
were allegedly found on 
Leonie's heavily blood- 
stained red-checked dress. 

A forfensic scientist would 
say that anger body hairs, 
pubic or from the chest or 
armpit, found on Leonie and a 
-blanket nearby were micro- 
scopically similar to Reilly’s 
ginger body hair. 

Miss Goddard claimed the 
evidence showed Reilly was 
the murderer. 

Tbe little girl lived with her 
mother and younger brother 
aL Atkinson House, Austin 
Road, Battersea, south Lon- 
don. She disappeared during a 
summer afternoon picnic on a 
grassy area near her hornet 

When she foiled to appear a 
search was made and neigh- 
bours found iter body' in a 
basement . 

She had injuries caused by a 
knife ora stick and her back 
had been repeatedly cut. 

. When Reilty was arrested be 
admitted visiting the estate to 
scavenge in basements and 
allegedly told police' he might 
have been there on the day 
Leonie died. 

The trial continues today. 


Out of touch with a floating asset 


■ -*v' -> 

m 

- ». 


Mnt timPli tin-porod institu- 
tions fear to offend the treed of 
rugby football in Wales. That 
& Why foe .Welsh Water 
Ambority. has just agreed to 
pay ©,000. to Kaea Rugby 
Club in Gwent to compensate 
for foe rugby halls- that are 
swept down to foe sea by tbe 
river Ehbw. — - 

For mere than 50 years, foe' 
Into foe river have 


system / of nets *“d 

operated by apaBey. 

Bnt su CL5 : mffiioB flood 


By Tim Jones 

prevention scheme just com- 
pleted by foe s thority strand- 
ed foe net three feet above foe 
current and foe balls bobbed 
miderneatb at tbe start of a 
seven-mile journey to foe Bris- 
tol ChanneL r. 

'‘. - Angry "Hnb r o fficiab com- 
plained to the anfoority that 
they stood to tose about a 
dozen bails a year, each mined 

at m 

Plans to rebmld the pulley 
system at an estimated cost of 
£7,500 . were . rejected . after 
anfoority experts said It could 


trap foOen trees, causing a 
flood. 

Mr John James, dab secre- 
. tary, sank “The hand-operat- 
ed recovery system worked 
perfectiy. well for at least 47 
years mitil this scheme was 
completed. But t think foe dub 
wifl be- happ^. wifo foe 
£3,000.% 

A spokesman for -foe' ao- 
foority said: “If was an amica- 
ble settlement and represents 
only a tipy proportion, of foe 
money ;invested ia tbe 
scheme.” 



Miss GiESau Lawton, aged 19, (left) and Miss Dianne Oxley, aged 21, who have each raised £42,000 to train as professional 
pitots. They are the first women to begin training as commercial fixed-wing pilots at the Oxford Air Training School one of 

three la the United Kingdom (Photograph: Bill Warhurst). 


Museums 
to charge 
for entry 

Compulsory admission 
charges to foe Natural History 
Museum in London will start 
in April next year, the trustees 
said yesterday. A . freeze in 
government grants would force 
foe museum and tbe Geologi- 
cal Museum next to it to 
charge for many services 
Dr Ronald Hedley, director 
of foe Natural History Muse- 
um. launching tbe five-year 
financial plan demanded by 
tbe Government, said that 
without charges foe museum 
would have to cat its scientific 
workforce - 

Sir Richard Harrison, 
chairman of the trustees, said 
tbe admission fee would not be 
derided until the Government 
announced future funding 


Seat belts reduce 
deaths on roads 

By Peter Evans Home Affairs Correspondent 


The Department of Trans- 
port said yesterday that the 
wearing of seat belts was one 
of the reasons for fewer deaths 
on foe road. If the trend for the 
whole oflast year continued as 
it did for foe first nine months, 
road deaths would be the 
lowest since 1954. 

Estimates of numbers of 
lives saved each year because 
of the compulsory wearing of 
seat belts vary between 200 
and 400, according to the 
Royal Society for the Preven- 
tion of Accidents. 

Official figures show that in 
the first nine months of 1985 
deaths were 10 per cem lower 
than 1984, 3,277 compared 
with 3,648. In 1984, there 
were 5,599 road deaths, 3 per 


cent higher than in 1983 but 
19 per cent below 1974. 

By themselves, foe latest 
figures do not indicate the full 
extent of the change since 
■1954. There were then only 
five million licensed vehicles 
on the road, compared with 17 
million in 1974. 

What happened in the first 
nine months of 1985 to cause 
foe improvement is not 
known.-' the Department of 
Transport said. 

Mr Michael Read, director 
of road safety at the Royal 
Society for the Prevention of 
Accidents, said there bad been 
a long-term and continuous 
programme since 1975 by 
local authority road safety 
officers. 


Help for 
mentally 
ill delayed 

Planning to develop com- 
munity services for the men- 
ially ill and elderly is 
disturbingly unequal and in- 
consistent, according to a 
report from the National 
Council for Voluntary Organi- 
zations. 

Slow progress has been 
made in improving services in 
the decade that joint planning 
between health and local au- 
thorities and voluntary orga- 
nizations has been in ex- 
istence. The joint finance 
available is having only a 
“marginal” effect in develop- 
ing new community-based ser- 
vices. 

A Stoke In Planning (NCVO. 26 
Bedford Square, London WC1B 
3HU; £1.80). 


Solicitors 

join 

Hailsham 

challenge 

By Frances Gibb 
T ff gal Affaire Correspondent 

The Law Society won leave 
in the High Court yesterday to 
challenge the legality of ihe 
Lord Chancellor's decision to 
limit an increase for criminal 
legal aid fees to only 5 percent 
for inflation. 

Lord Justice Watkins, sit- 
ting with Mr Justice Macphe’-- 
son, granted foe solicitors* 
professional body leave to 
challenge fob derision an- 
nounced three, weeks ago by 
way of judicial review. 

The decision means that 
Lord Hailsham of St Maryle- 
bone now frees a two-pronged 
attack in the courts from the 
legal profession. Last week the 
Bar also won leave to bring 
similar proceedings over foe 5 
per cent limit. 

Mr Robert Camwalh, QC, 
for the Law Society, accused 
the Lord Chancellor of “pro- 
cedural impropriety and 
illegality” in setting the 5 per 
cem limit and in refusing to 
conduct proper negotiations 
with the profession. 

More than 7,000 firms of 
solicitors in England and 
Wales depended on criminal 
legal aid for a large part of 
their work, be added. 

^Unlike the Bar, there had 
been some negotiations be- 
tween the Lord Chancellor's 
Department and the Law Soci- 
ety over fees. 

Exploratory meetings had 
been held in December and 
January 

“Then suddenly on Febru- 
ary 6 we received a letter from 
the Lord Chancellor giving his 
decision. The Law Society was 
given the new figures and 
never had a chance to discuss 
them." Mr Carnwath said. 

The Lord Chancellor was in 
breach of his duty under the 
Legal Aid Act, 1974, in refus- 
ing to set fair and reasonable 
rates of remmuneration. he 
said. * 


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T 







HOME NEWS 


PARLIAMENT FEBRUARY 26 1986 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 


Early warning • Student grants • Teachers’ pay 


Thatcher sends f Government deal 


good wishes to 
Philippines 


with GEC on 
Nimrod system 


FOREIGN AFFAIRS 

-The Prime Minister was sending 
a congratulatory message to Mrs 
Coraron Aquino, the new presi- 
dent of the Philippines, and the 
whole House would wish to join 
in warmly welcoming the dra- 
matic developments which led 
to her taking up office. Mr 
Timothy Renton. Minister of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, said in a state- 
ment to the Commons. 

- He particularly welcomed the 
bet that the change had come 
about with the minimum of 
bloodshed and violence. The 
Government wished President 
Aquino and her colleagues well 
in the fulfilment of their new 
and heavy responsibilities. The 
task of restoring the Philippines 
to peace, stability and economic 
regeneration would be a 
challenging one. 

We have been greatly ■ im- 
pressed (he said) by the courage 
President Aquino, her col- 
leagues and the Filipino people 
have shown in defence of 
democracy. This and the ev- 
ident wish of the government 
and people of the Philippines for 
reconciliation bodes well for the 
future. 

The Government looks for- 
ward to a close and positive 
working relationship with Mrs 
Aquino and her colleagues. She 
said last night "a new life starts 
for our country tomorrow'’. The 
House will, I know, wish to send 
her and the people of the 
Philippines its warmest good 
wishes on this new start 

Mr Donald Anderson, an 
Opposition spokesman on for- 
eign and Commonwealth affairs 
said: We unreservedly join in 
welcoming this triumph of 
democracy under President 
Aquino. We hail the victory of 
people's power over the corrupt 
dictatorship as a model for the 
peaceful transition of power in 
other troubled lands where we 
differ from the policies of this 
Government such as Chile and 
South Africa. 

Would he confirm that no 
formal act of recognition of 
President Aquino is necessary 
on the part of our Government? 

These events pose a series of 
challenges for President Aquino 
to cast aside the oligarchies of 
the past, to repeal the draconian 
laws and meet the popular 
expectations of radical 
restructuring vital if the insur- 
gency is not to start over again. 

Mr Renton: He is right in 
saying no formal action 
isrequired for recognition of the 
new government. We do not 
recognize governments, we rec- 
ogr ize states. 

I also agree about the chal- 
lenges for President Aquino but 
I think the whole House will 
agree she has shown great 
restraint and firmness of charac- 


ter and this must auger well for 
her ability to tackle the heavy 
tasks that lie ahead. 

Sr Peter Btafceif Blackpool 
South, O said the new govern- 
ment was likely to face problems 
in establishing stability. Would 
Britain consider offering to that 
government any technical assis- 
tance sought from us, especially 
in internal security and counter 
insurgency? 

Mr Renton said be would pass 
on the request about internal 
security assistance. There was a 
small technical cooperation pro- 
gramme worth about £250,000 
last year and the Government 
stood ready to discuss its assis- 
tance programme with the new 
government in the Philli pines. 
Mr Alan Both (Berwick upon 
Tweed. L) said it would have 
been better had this note of 
congratulation been sounded 
yesterday by the Prime Minister 
when she seemed to be indicat- 
ing that she was waiting for the 
OK. from Mr Shultz, the United 
States Secretary of State. 

Mrs Aquino would have as an 
essentia] task the restoration of 
civi] liberties. Would she have 
Britain's encouragement? 

The relief in Washington, and 
the self-congratulation, must be 
tinged (be continued) by the 
realization that the United 
States was rather slow to rec- 
ognize how discredited the Mar- 
cos regime had become. 

The Americans had nearly 
finished up on the wrong side. 
Mr Renton said Mr Beith's 
comment about Mrs Thatcher 
did not take into account that up 
to yesterday afternoon the situa- 
tion in Manila was confused. It 
was clear that neither Britain 
nor any sensible western gov- 
ernment wished to say anything 
to add to the confusion or lead 
to greater loss of life and greater 
bloodshed in Manila. 

Britain had long been con- 
cerned about the abuse of 
human rights in the Philippines. 
Britain would watch Mrs 
Aquino’s efforts to achieve a 
rapid improvement. 

Mr Renton said later that Brit- 
ain exported £100 million of 
goods to the Philippines last 
year and imported about £170 
million. 

Mr Thomas Clarke 
(Monklands West. Lab) 
congratulated the people of the 
Philippines who had played 
such a noble role in the transi- 
tion while others sat on the 
fence. Those who had put them- 
selves physically betweeen the 
contending military groups had 
shown a bravery which had 
perhaps prevented the Ameri- 
cans making their greatest mis- 
take in Asuuin foreign affairs, 
since Vietnam. 

Mr Renton said it was dear that 
unless some people had inter- 
posed themselves literally be- 
tween the tanks the result might 
have been different in the last 
three days. 


DEFENCE 

Details of the agreement 
reached between the Ministry of 
Defence and GEC Avionics 
over future work on the radar 
system for the Nimrod airborne 
early warning project were given 
to the Commons by Mr Norman 
Lament Minister of State for 
Defence Procurement, when he 
opened a debate on the Royal 
Air Force. 

Recalling the serious diffi- 
culties which had arisen in 
developing the avionics system 
for the aircraft and which had 
led to significant time and cost 
over-runs. Mr L&raont said 
agreement had been reached 
with the company on arrange- 
ments covering the next six 
months for sharing the risk and 
providing adequate incentives 
for completion. 

Given the difficulties, the 
Government had concluded 
that it would be right lo consider 
all Lhe available options • both 
from this country and overseas - 
for meeting the RAFs needs 
before taking a final decison on 
the way forward. 

Wc must ensure (he said) 
value for money on this project 
as elsewhere in the defence 
programme. GEC has fully ac- 
cepted the Government's view 
that this evaluation is now 
necessary. 

The Government believed 
that the project management 
and contractual arrangements 
for the Nimrod AEW pro- 
gramme had dearly not pro- 
vided a satisfactory basis for the 
timely completion of the project 
and that it could go forward only 
on a revised basis. 

We have reached agreement 
(he said) both on arrangements 
to cover the interim period 
while all of the options - 
including of course Nimrod 
AEW - are folly evaluated and 
on a possible basis for the longer 
term should we proceed to 
completion with the Nimrod 
project 

During the next six months. 
GEC Avionics will press ahead 
with the Nimrod development 
programme but on a revised 
contractual basis under which 
they and the Government will 
bear 50 per cent of the costs 
properly incurred within a 
maximum financial limit for the 
programme of £50 million. 

Before the end of this period 
they will provide us with a firm 
price proposal against a tech- 
nical specification aimed at 
achieving the RAFs needs. 
They will also demonstrate to 
the ministry the progress they 
have made on the development 
of the project. 

During this period, wc will 
explore with other contractors 
both at home and abroad alter- 
natives to the Nimrod AEW 
approach and their technical, 
cost, industrial and other im- 
plications. We shall also be 
consulting the Nato authorities. 


Warning on drug imports 


LAW AND ORDER 

The thin blue line was getting 
dangerously thinner, Lord Har- 
ris of Greenwich, a former 
Minister of State at the Home 
Office, told the House of Lords 
when he opened a debate on 
serious crime in London. 

He said there was now urgent 
requirement for public expen- 
diture priority to be given for a 
substantial increase in police 
manpower in London. The case 
for that increase was 
overwhelming, he added, draw- 
ing attention to an overall 
shortage of police resources in 
the capital. 

Lord Harris of Gree n wi ch said 
there was deep public disquiet 
about what was happening on 
the si reels. Serious crime had 
risen in London in the last 
decade by more than 70 per cent 
and the character of the offences 
had increased in seriousness. 

The country was also 
experiencing an alarming in- 
crease in drug abuse. Heroin was 
pouring into the United 
Kinghdom. The authorities 
were probably intercepting only 
something in the region of 10 
per cent of the heroin entering 
the country. Thai meant that in 
1984 alone heroin with a street 


value of more than £350 million 
was introduced here. 

Lord Hooson (L) said drug 
addiction cost an average of 
£150 a week to sustain and that 
led inevitably to crime. To 
combat this there had to be 
intematioaa] action to deal with 
the drug producers, mostly in 
the developing countries. 

Lady Madeod of Borve (Q said 
she had been horrified to learn 
that the majority of crimes in 
this country were committed by 
IS-year-oki boys and 14-year- 
old girls. Fear of detection was 
the greatest hope for the future; 
that would do more than any- 
thing to reduce crime. 

Lord Hutchinson of LnUington 
(SDP1 said the aim of Sir 
Kenneth Newman to create a 
Metropolitan Police force more 
in tune with the public would 
never be achieved until it won 
the respect and confidence of 
the young and the ethnic minor- 
ities. 

The two obstacles to that (he 
said) are corruption and 
bad behaviour. There is a tra- 
dition of corruption in some 
parts of the Metropolitan Police 
and if. as I have, you spend all 


police officers of all different 
sorts and kinds, you must 


appreciate that corruption does 
exist. f 

There was the magical dis- 
appearance of objections to bail 
(he continued), the wife against 
whom charges are suddenly 
withdrawn, the absence from 
the notebook of the alleged 
admission, the absence of a 
third of the recovered stolen 
property and. alas, the planting 
or threat of planting incriminat- 
ing evidence. 

Earl Attlee (SDP) asked why 
the public should pay to keep 
drug barons in prison. Why 
should they not be made to 
mainline on heroin and allowed 
to experience the living death on 
the streets? 

He described how at a conviv- 
ial party while on holiday a few 
weeks ago someone passed 
around what he believed was 
called "a joint". 

I suddenly realized (he said) 
that I was on a high. I haled this 
and 1 sat there and fought il I 
brought myself off that high 
because I consider myself stub- 
born. I was not going to lei that 
drug have its effect on me. 

Lord Ardwtck (Lab) said: We 
have arrived at a situation 
where young girls are afraid to 
go out at nights and some 
coloured families live in tenor. 


Scathing Howe attack on 
6 SDP-Liberal hybrid’ 

By Anthony Berios, Political Correspondent 


Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Fb reign Secretary, gave a 
warning yesterday that a vote 
for the Alliance would spell 
disaster for Britain. 

In one of the most scathing 
attacks vet delivered against 
the “SDP-LiberaJ hybrid", he 
told a meeting at the London 
School of Economics: “They 
are lender on lhe lough issues, 
lough on the soft targets." _ 

' But he also warned against 
the disastrous consequences of 
a vote for Alliance "modera- 
tion without conviction”. 

"Voting Alliance could easi- 
ly hand us over (o a Labour 
government, given the con- 
centration of Alliance support 
in Conservative seats. Sir 
Geoffrey said. 

The other danger was that a 
vote for the Alliance could 
produce a hung Parliament in 
which there could be no 
certainly as lo which party the 
Alliance would negotiate with, 
or what the outcome would 

^But with a “new. younger, 
and more formidable Kremlin 

leadership" determined to 
drive wedges between the 
Western allies, Sir Geoffrey 
warned against a further con- 


sequence of a hung Pariia- 
menL 

But he did not confine his 
attack to the Alliance. Speak- 
ing as Labour's oational exec- 
utive attempted to deal with 
Liverpool's Militants, he said 
that “the rabid extremists and 
revolutionaries” who increas- 
ingly controlled the constitu- 
encies and the councils 
showed the "unacceptable 
heart” of the party. 

"The harsh truth is that this 
is the real core of Labour 
today, for which the smiling 
face of Neil Kinnock provides 
only a cover.” he said. 

• An Alliance government 
would aim to restructure 
Britain's competition machin- 
ery to deter companies from 
entering into mergers for rea- 
sons of opportunism or 
aggrandisement rather than 
efficiency. (Stephen Goodwin 
writes.) 

The present system of two 
quasi-judicial bodies and one 
court would be swept away 
and replaced by a single Office 
of Fair Trading which would 
adjudicate only on the eco- 
nomic benefits of proposed 
mergers and takeovers. 


The new body would con- 
sider all mergers where the 
assets involved amount to 
more than £30 million or 
create a market share of at 
least 25 per cent, according to 
an SDP policy document 
Competition ana the Consum- 
er. published yesterday. 

• Mr Paul Channon, Secre- 
tary of State for Trade and 
Industry, yesterday rejected as 
“offensive innuendo a sug- 
gestion that the Hanson Trust 
was getting favourable treat- 
ment from Government as a 
"thank you” for its role in the 
Westland affair. 

MPs had contrasted Gov- 
ernment treatment of compet- 
ing bids for the Imperial 
tobacco and food group. Unit- 
ed Biscuit's offer, now £2.4 
billion, was referred to the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission while Hanson 
Trust's £13 billion takeover 
bid was given the all clear. 

Mr Channon said the deci- 
sions of ministers and the 
Director General of Fair Trad- 
ing were based "strictly on the 
merits of the individual 
cases". 


Following this six month 
period, the Government will 
reach a decision on the way 
forward Should wc then decide 
to accept a GEC Avionics 
proposal and to continue with 
the Nimrod AEW project, the 
Contract will be extended within 
an agreed firm price and period 
for completion and with funding 
lo continue on the basis of equal 
shares. 

. Once the work had been 
completed satisfactorily to time 
the funding borne by the com- 
pany would of course be paid in 
fuH. In the event of that comple- 
tion being delayed beyond the 
agreed period the company 
nave agreed that they would 
bear the cost of the programme 
until it was satisfactorily com- 
pleted 

These arrangements then 
would provide for the company 

sss 

$ 



Laawnt: The risks are 
to be shared 

to bt paid in full for work 
completed satisfactorily to time 
and for the company to bear the 
consequences should this not 
happen. They would I believe, 
be fair to the company and fair 
to the taxpayer. 

The Government is anxious 
to give the company the chance 
to demonstrate that they can 
complete lhe project satisfac- 
torily. The company have now 
shown their commitment to. 
and confidence in. their ability 
to do ibis. They have also 
recognized - and I . pay tribute to 
them for this - the need to show 
that their solution is compet- 
itive with the alternatives that 
are on offer. 

The Government has sought 
in these negotiations to give 
them every opportunity to re- 
cover what has been a most 
unsatisfactory position which 1 
think reflects, in pan. 1 wider 
shortcomings in the manage- 
ment of defence procurement 
and we see that as something 
that has to be vigorously tackled 
as well. 

Mr Lament said spending on the 
RAF was one-fifth larger in real 
terms than when the Govern-* 
mem took office. A major 
milestone had been the signing 
of the Turin agreement to go 
ahead with the new European 
fighter aircraft together with 
Germany. Italy and Spain. 


Minister 
rejects 
plea for 
students 


GRANTS 

If the Government accepted the 
demand of the National Union 
of Students for a minimum of 
£35 per student per week, that 
would add some £550 million to 
the cost of supporting students, 
Mr Malcolm Rift -A, Secretary 
of Slatefor Scotland, said during 
Commons questions when MPs 
complained that students were 
suffering hardship. 

He said he did not believe 
even Mr Donald Demur, the 
chief Opposition spokesman on 
Scotland, would commit a fu- 
ture Labour Government to 
costs of that kind. The Govern- 
ment had received a letter from 
the president of the NUS (Scot- 
land) on the level of lhe student 

S at and one of his colleagues 
I agreed to meet repre- 
sentatives/ of the union on 
March 17. 

Mr David Steel. Leader of the 
Liberal Party: When he does 
meet representatives of the NUS 
will he have m mind the changes 
not just in assessment of pa- 
rental contributions but changes 
also in housing benefit and 
supplementary benefit which in 
the case of one student I was 
dealing with m my own constit- 
uency means he is expected to 
survive the summer vacation on 
£2 a week? 

Mr Rifkind; Changes in supple- 
mentary benefit refer to short 
vacations and not to long sum- . 
mcr vacations. The United 
Kingdom, even taking into ac- 
count the changes proposed, will 
continue to have by far the most 
generous system for students of 
any major country in the west- 
ern wood. 

Mr Dewar There is now genu- 
ine hardship not just for stu- 
dents but for parents who have 
to support these students. The 
increase of 2 per cent for 1986- 
87 does represent a cut in real 
terms in student incomes. 

The NUS calculate that under 
this Government there has been 
a fall in the purchasing power of 
the basic gram of 20 percent. Is 
he prepared to find That or wfij 
he use his good offices with his 
colleagues in the Department of 
Education to do something 
about it? 

Mr Rifkind: Notwithstanding 
the decisions that have been 
made on student grant over the 
last few years, the number of 
those actively seeking higher 
education in Scotland is higher 
than ever before. We have this 
year 5.060 more Scottish stu- 
dents than in 1979 when this. 
Government came i nto office. 

Parliament, today 

Commons (2.30): Debate on 
procedure. Housing (Scotland) 
Bill, remaining stages. Lords (3): 
‘Gaming (Amendment) Bill. 3rd 
reading. Sex Discrimination i 
Bill, 2nd reading. Debate on ! 
Unesca 


Scottish teachers 
urged to follow 
English decision 


Finance control flaws 
in historic buildings 


HOUSE OF LORDS 

Weaknesses had appeared in the 
financial procedures of the His- 
toric Buildings and Monuments 
Commission’s management and 
a report was expected later in the 
day. Lord Elton, Minister of 
State for the Environment, said 
during question time in the 
House of Lords. 

Answering a question by Lady 
But (Lab) on whether the 
Government was satisfied with 
the commission's management 
of public funds. Lord Ettas said: 

I am satisfied that an effective 
framework exists within which 
the commission manages public 
funds and that these procedures 
wilL and apparently have, de- 
tected some early signs of 
weakness in financial control. 

I am of course .concerned 
about such weaknesses. The 
commission have been asked for 
a foil report on their financial 
procedures. An interim report 
by the commission's chief exec- 
utive to the permanent secretary 
to my department will arrive 
later today. They wiD discuss 
what further action needs to be 
taken. 

Gambling 
solicitor’s 
double life 

The double life of Mr 
Norman Cass, a solicitor who 
stole £220,000 from clients, 
was revealed in the High 
Court yesterday.Mr Justice 
Allion was told that Mr Cass, 
aged 37. a partner in a West 
End firm, appeared to be a 
devout and moral Jew while 
secretly gambling away up to 
£400,000 on roulette at the 
former Playboy Club in Park 
Lane. London. 

The evidence- was even, by 
Mr Seymour Gorman, a se- 
nior partner in Lipkin 
Gorman, which is suing the 
Playboy Club and Lloyds 
Bank for negligence. 

„ Mr Gorman said Mr Cass, 
who fled to Israel from his 
home in Hendon, north Lon- 
don, in 1980, insisted on 
wearing a skull cap in the 
office Mid broke off important 
meetings to attend prayers. He 
upset colleagues by refusing to 
attend business lunches be- 
cause he insisted on eating 
.oqly kosher food. 

In 1984. Mr Cass was jailed 
for three years after he admit- 
ted 19 charges of theft. He 
returned to Israel after com- i 
pleting his sentence. 

The hearing continues. 


Lady Birlc Has he seen the 
disturbing reports in a national 
newspaper this week indicating 
that financial control in the 
commission is very weak indeed 
and this has led to inadequate 
control of budget and expenses 
on what would appear unfortu- 
nately to be a serious scale? 

Lord Elton: At the time the 
commission was set up there 
was great anxiety that it should 
be given flexibility. 

. 1 would emphasize that this 
machinery has in fart exposed, 
we believe, a weakness about 
which I would not wish to 
comment until 1 have read the 
report which is being submitted 

Lady Birk The point about an 
independent body is that its 
financial control must be very 
strict. When it was within the 
ministry the controls were very 
stria indeed 

Lord Elton: The chief officer of 
the commission is answerable to 
Parliament on the same lines as 
the permanent secretary of the 
Department of the Environ- 
ment, so the controls are the 
same as existed before the 
commission was made indepen- 
dent I 










PAY DISPUTE 

Scottish teachers should reflect 
on the fact that their colleagues 
in England and Wales bad 
bal lotted by a two to one 
majority in favour of an interim 
pay settlement on the basis of 
resources available in England 
and Wales which are com- 
parable to the resources avail- 
able in Scotland Mr Malcolm 
Rifldad, Secretary of State for 
Scotland said in answer to a 
Commons question. 

Further escalation of the 
teachers’ dispute would not 
bring a sett leme nt any closer, he 
said Only by realistic negotia- 
tion would a solution be found 
Mr Gavia Strang 
(Edinburgh JEast, Lab) said 
teachers and parents were 
alarmed at the prospect of 
disruption of this year's O grade 
and higher examinations. The 
teachers were more determined 
than ever and the Government 
bad a responsibility to provide 
children with education. The 
Educational Institute for Soot- 
land would negotiate when new 
proposals were put forward The 
one thing necessary was a new 
initiative from the Government 
Mr Rifkind said be shared the 
concern about the damage that 
could be done to examinations 
by the disruption the teachers 
were proposing and that must 
bear heavily on the individual 
teacher. All education authori- 
ties. Labour-controlled as well 
as Conservative-controlled had 
insisted that any outcome to the 
dispute must involve a package 
covering conditions of service as 
well as pay. He hoped the 
Opposition would call for just 
such a solution. 

Mr Gordon Wihoa (Dundee, 
East. SNP) said that when Mr 
Rifkind was appointed to his 
high office it was hoped thaiasa 
new broom he would be able to 
look afresh at the dispute. What 
initiatives did he propose to 
take as a response to his 
meetings with the Scottish 
I churches? 

Mr Rifkind: The churches' 
representatives after that meet- 
ing indicated that, like me, they 
found that meeting would be 
useful in -helping to clarify a 
number of points. It would be 
right and proper for those who 
wished to see changes made to 
overall conditions of service and 
contractual matters if those 
matters could be dealt with on a 
flexible basis. 

It does require (he said) 
compromise all round. The EIS 
have to show flexibility. They 
have not yet put a claim on the 
table. They need to. , show 
willingness to consider con- 
ditions of service as part of a 


Sir Hector Monro (Dumfries, C) 
asked if Mr Rifkind hoped to 
have a meeting in. the next 
fortnight that might bring, the 
dispute to a conclusion, bearing 
in mind that parents and others 
had had more than enough of 
the strike( 

Mr Riflcfed: Some £125 million 
of new resources will be avail- 
able for teachers' salaries on top 
of what might be negotiated ra 
the normal way. 

Mr Barry Henderson (North 
East Fife, O said a number 'of 
parents did not understand why 
teachers, Who were claiming 
more money, did not pick up 
last year's normal increment 
which he understood was avail- 
able to them. 

Mr Rffltin: I think the Scottish 
teachers must be asking them- 
selves whether the tactics of 
their union negotiators are cor- 


rect when they lead to no 
increase in their pay packets 
since the beginning of the 
dispute. 

Mr Roy Jenkins. (Glasgow, 
Hillhead, SDP) asked if Mr 
Rifkind would take some initia- 
tive or was he tied likes tin to a 
cat's tail to tbe Secretary of State 
for Education, whose policies 
across the board showed every 
sign of being an unprecedented 
disaster for education? 

Mr Rifldnd replied that Mr 
Jenkins would be the first to 
admit that while the conditions 
of service and the contracts of ' 
employment were distinct in ! 
Scotland, solutions to the prob- 
lems must be geared to Scottish 
requirements. 

if Mr Jenkins was seeking to 
raise tbe question of overall 
resources for teachers' pay. be 1 
would be tbe first to accept that 
the teachers' unions themselves 
in various parts of the United 
Kingdom would be the first to 
draw attention to any significant 
difference between the pay being 
offered to teachers in Scotland 
and to teachers in England. 

Mr Michael Hirst (Strathkelvin 
and Bearsden, Q said almost 
every secondary school in his 
area was affected. There was 
keep anxiety among parents and 
pupils, as well as many reason- 
able teachers, who wished to see 
an end to the strike. He asked 
Mr Rifkind to intervene person- 
ally to get negotiations going 
Mr Rifldnd: I would be very 
willing to do all in my power to 
get this dispute to an early end. 
Mr Brace MJQan (Glasgow 
Govan, Lab) asked for more 
money to be pul on the table. 

Mr Rifkind replied that there 
was £125 million of new Gov- 
ernment money available to 
local authorities to help finance 
an increase in teachers' salaries 
over and above that previously 
available. That was an average 
of£ 1 ,000 per teacher in Scotland 
. which most people would 
acknowledge was a fairly signifi- 
cant increase. The 
Government's proposals and 
the additional money should be 
the basis for negotiations begin- 
ning between the unions and the 
education authorities. 

Sir Rnssell Johnston (Inverness, 
Nairn and Lochaber, L) asked 
for all-party discussions to be 
convened. Unless there was a 
settlement by the end of March 
the dispute looked set to to go 
on until the next general election 
with irreparable damage to pu- 
pils. he said. 

Mr Rifkind suggested Sir Rus- 
sell make representations to the 
Educational Institute of Scot- 
land on that basis. 

Mr William Walker (North 
Tayside. Q referred to concern 
about pupils' examinations. He 
also asked Mr Rifldnd not to 
rule out the possibility of taking 
measures to bring about the 
imposition on teachers’ unions 
of a review of the conditions of 
service. 

Mr Rifkiad-.The Scottish 
examinations board is to be 
congratulated for its splendid 
work in trying to ensure that the 
maximum number of markers j 
are available. Present indica- 
tions suggest that over . two 
thirds of the necessary markers 
will be available. Although that 
cannot prevent all disruption, it 
will ensure that the bulk of the 
work will be property done. 

Mr Harry Ewing, an Opposition 
spokesman on Scotland, said 
the difference between Mr 
Rifkind and the EIS was that the 
EIS enjoyed overwhelming sup- 
port. Since Mr Rifkind took up 
his high office he had done 
nothing to bring any resolution 
to the dispute. 


Heating help appeal 


Mr David Whmkk (Walsall 
North. Lab) unsuccessfully ap- 
plied for an emergency Com- 
mons debate on the need to 
provide adequate heating assis- 
tance to pensioners and others 
on small incomes in view of the 
continuing exceptionally severe 
weather in all parts of the 
country. 

He said a large number of 
elderly people who lived on 
small incomes did not qualify 
for supplementary benefit and 
therefore did not receive a single 
penny from the DHSS to help 
pay their heating bills. Today it 
bad been reported a 79-year-old 
pensioner was found dying of 






v'*5' v . ' ^ , 


\' r ? 


Mr and Mrs Kennedy with their test-tube triplets. 

Triplets for singer 


Test-tube triplets including 
identical twinswere born to Mr 
Roderick Kennedy, tbe opera 
singer, and his wife, Jane, 
aged 29, stage manager of the 
English National Opera' Com- 
pany, at Poole Hospital in 
Don*t a month ago. . 

Born two months prema- 
turely, Antonin and Elizabeth, 


who are identkaLweighed 4Ibs 
lOoz at birth. Their brother 
James was 4oz heavier. 

The Kennedys, of West Cliff 
Road, Bournemouth,werc 
treated by Mr Patrick Steptoe, 
the test-tube baby pioneer, at 
Ids Cambridge dink. He be- 
lieves the identical twins are 
the world's first. 


cold in a freezing flat in High 
Wycombe, which was the 
constituency of one of the 
Ministers of DHSS (Mr Ray- 
mond Whitney). Others had ; 
already died as a result of 
freezing weather. An estimated 
10 people a day were dying of 
hypothermia. 

A young man in the Strangers’ 
Galleiy who applauded Mr 
Winnick's speech was escorted 
out by atlendems. Mr Winnick 
tried to raise the matter with the 
Speaker. Mr Bernard 
Wea then'll, but the Speaker 
ruled (hat MPs never took any 
notice of what went on in the 
public 'gallery. 

Jail health 
care is 
criticized 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 
Correspondent 

Detention in prison is a 
health hazard, the Howard 
League for Penal Reform said 
yesterday in evidence to the 
Commons Social Service 
Committee. 

Hygiene in some institu- 
tions is "very poor”. There is a 
lack of trained nurses, even in 
places housing the chronic 
sick. In remand prisons hous- 
ing many acutely disturbed 
and suicidal inmates there is 
no 24-hour residential medi- 
cal cover. 

The threat to basic health 
care in many local prisons 
cannot be far removed from 
concern expressed two centu- 
ries ago. it league adds. 

The league recommends the 
abolition of the prison health 
service and care integrated 
into she National Health Ser- 
vice to open medical services 
in penal establishments to 
public scrutiny. The Official 
Secrets Act should no longer 
apply to them. 

The possibility of prisoners 
consulting their own doctors 
should be investigated. 




Geoffrey 
l Smith j 

\ What is aow happening in 
| Northern Ireland was tragical- 
’ ly predictable from the day the 
Anglo-Irish agreement was 
signed. That was not because 
’ the agreement is a constitu- 
tional monstrosity or outra- 
. eeously unfair to Unionists. 

Bat it did not contain enough 
. to reassure them, and it was 
settled without seeming their 
consent or even their acquies- 
cence. 

So there was always the 
danger that their anxieties 
I would be jp ffamgd, that _ tbe 
leading Unionist politicians 
would be made to appear 
ineffectual in tbe eyes of their 
followers and that power with- 
in the Protestant community 
would gravtitate towards more 
extreme figures. 

That was what happened 
after the imposition of direct 
rule in 1972. It occurred even 
more dramatically two years 
later after Sunningdale and ’ 
the power-sharing experiment, 
and it seems to be happening 
all over again now. 

The Government has clearly 
become worried by the 
strength of Unionist opposi- 
tion, and the prospect of a 
general strike in Northern 
Ireland revives ugly memories 
of 1974. So . when Mrs Thatch- 
er saw Mr James Molyneanx 
and Mr lan Paisley on Tues- 
day she was no longer speak- 
ing to them on a take-it-or- 
leave it basis. 

There was acceptance at 
that meeting of a n limber of 
areas for discussion. Mr 

■ Molyneanx and Mr Paisley 
even hinted that they might be 
prepared to make uncomfort- 
able concessions in negotia- 

I turns over a new system of 
| devolution for Northern Ire- 
; land. Had the Prime Minister 
conceded Aar demand to 
i suspend the operation of the 
i Anglo-Irish agreement for the 
- duration of. the talks Act 
would have disclosed their 
[ hand still further. 

, Events getting 
: out of hand 

They would have put for- 
ward two alternatives for con- 

■ siderafion: a scheme for local 
government-style committees, 
with each party holding a 
proportionate share of the 
chairmanships; and a proposal 
for the parliamentary integra- 
tion of the province at West- 
minster, with Northern Irish 
affairs being treated in the 
same way as Scottish or Welsh 
business. 

The second of these ideas 
would seem to stand no chance 
ot Catholic acceptance at Ais 
stage. But the other is distinct- 
ly interesting because it would 
imply a degree of power- 
sharing in practice without 
formally using such a contro- 
versial term. 

But Tuesday's meeting nev- 
er got around to discussing 
these matters. Mr Molyneanx 
and Mr Paisley accepted Mrs 
Thatcher’s argument that if 
she was seen to be jettisoning 
the Anglo-Irish agreement 
there would be no chance of 
getting the SDLP to the 
negotiating table to discuss 
devolution. 

Yet now Mr Molyneanx and 
Mr Paisley have found their 
handiwork rejected by their 
wilder supporters. One does 
not normally think of Mr 
Paisley as a moderate Union- 
ist But his authority, as well 
as Mr Molyueaux's, is being 
challenged by a new genera- 
tion of younger and still more 
extreme politicians ami by 
Protestant hard men from 
outside politics. 

It is this tendency for events 
to be passing out of the control 
of Ae politicians that is partic- 
ularly disturbing. If there is to 
be a continual progression of 
power to less and less respon- 
sible hands, the natural con- 
clusion might seem to be the 
declaration of an independent 
Northern Ireland. 

For the first time one hears 
this possibility discussed by 
serious students of the 
province's affairs in London, 
and it would be foolish to 
disregard the dangers of the 
present discontents. But an 
Wtptnisit Northern Ireland 
would -be no solution. It would 
be a signal for the dismember- 
ment of the province and for 
Woodshed oa a scale not yet 
experienced even there. 

The cha llenge for the Brit- 
fab Government now is bow to 
renew tbe dialogue. This could 
not be achieved by scrapping 
the Angfo-Irish agreement 
That would simply transfer 
the present sense of outrage 
from the Protestants to the 
Catholics. 

But some concessions to 
! Unionist opinion will be neces- 
; sary. if there are to be any 
fruitful discussions. Some con- 
cessions would even be in the 
I interests of tbe Catholics, 
becasse they would have more 
to gain from agreed arrange- 
i meats for . practical power- 
sharing than from a . bitterly 
contested Anglo-Irish agree- 
ment. 







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Engineers claim Nasa 


JTHfL TIMES THURSDAY F£BRUARV 21 1936 


overseas Ntws 


officials ignored 
warnings on shuttle 


From Michael Binyoo 
. . Washington 

^AsResident Reagan fa -ginc 
the search for a successor to 
Mr Janies Beggs, the Nasa 
administrator who resigned 
on (Tuesday, the Rogers Com- 
mission has begun hearing 
testimony, .from those engi- 
neers who warned the space 
agency against launching the 
Challenger shuttle because of 
the cold weather. 

The bearings are likely to 
inflict further on 

Nasa’s battered reputation. 
Details are emergi ng about 
pressure on engineers ‘from 
Nasa officials to override safe- 
ty considerations in the burry 
to get the shuttle launched . 

Mr Allan McDonald, man- 
ager of the rocket booster 
programme at the Morton 
Thiokol Company tha t builds 
the rockets, told the Commis- 
sion on Tuesday that be felt 
under prasure to go along 
with the launch decision. 

On the eve of the launch the 
company’s engineers strongly 
recommended a delay b eca us e 
the add weather might have 
weakened critical O-ring seals 
on the rockets. But Nasa 
officials reacted with dismay, 
and 30minuualateraThlQkol 
official in Utah reversed the 
decision. 

‘'They changed their minds 



Mr McDonald: His advice 
was ignored. 

on the basis of inconclusive 
data,” Mr McDonald told the 
13-member paneL He de- 
scribed Mr Lawrence MuHoy. 
the NASA official in charge of 
booster rockets at the Mar- 
shall Space Flight Centre in. 
A laba m a as being especially 
upset by ThiokoIY hesitation. 

“When will we ever get this 
launch off?” Mr McDonald 
quoted him as saying in 
exasperation. 


At one point during the 
heated .discussion Mr McDon- 
ald said directly that if any- 
thing happened to the k»mch, 
he would not want to be the 
person who later had to 
explain the derision to go 
ahead to an inquiry board! 


Precision pictures 



Paris (AP) - Spot, the 
French earth observation sat- 
ellite launched last Friday by 
Europe’s Ariane rocket, has 
sent bade its first photographs 
of the Earth's surfece. 

Officials of the French Na- 
tional Centre for Space Stud- 
ies said, the computer- 
enhanced pictures were of 
“superb precision.” 

They, show high resolution 
black-and-white shots of Nice 
with streets and buildings 
clearly defined, and colour 
photographs taken south of 
Algiers showing an oasis and 
the geological structure of the 
surrounding desert. 

Spot, which was launched in 
a north-south polar orbit, is 
intended as a. commensal 
venture which will compete 
with the US Lari&abseries of ; 

satellites. 

The photographs win be 
valuable in. oil and mineral' 
research, predictions on agri- 


culture and weather patterns 
and urban planning, French 
space officials say. 

• BONN: A Soviet satellit e 
out of control and on a 
collision course with the Earth 
will almost certainly burn up 
and poses little danger, a West 
German official said yesterday 
(UPI reports). 

He was countering {Hess 
speculation that not only 
would the rogue satellite Cos- 
mos 1714 hit the Earth but 
that it would strike Germany. 

He said it was likely that the 
satellite would hit the Earth's 
atmosphere this weekend. - 

The spokesman said' no 
official information on the 
satellite had been given out by 
the Russians. 

According to West-German 
intelligence sources, the bus- 
sized Soviet satellite was 
bunched last December for 1 
intelligence use* 


Canadians 
halt tests 
on cruise 

Vancouver (UP!) — The 
Canadian Government has 
suspended the testing of un- 
armed US cruise missiles over 

CattadamtO miKt « y nffirwk 

can explain why the last two 
missiles tested crashed off 
target 

A Canadian and US mili- 
tary team was dne t» lly m to 
the psdc ice of the frozen 
Beaufort Sea yesterday in an 
attempt to recover wreckage 
from the latest foiled test on 
Tuesday when a 22ft missile 
crashed - on the frozen Arctic 
Sea north of Alaska and the 

GnnarK aw mawihiiM^ mowyp k 

after it was- bunched from die 
wing of a US Air Force B52 
bomba* 

The Canadian Defence 
Minister, Mr Haritie Andre, 
said there would be no more 
tests until the cause of the 
crash was established. 


Baby Doc 
takes fight 
to court 

Paris (Reuter) - The former 
Haitian President, Mr Jean- 
Claude "Baby Doc" -Duvalier, 
has begun legal proceedings 
against the French Govern- 
ment to obtain the right to 
move freely in France, the 
Interior Ministry said yester- 
day. 

Mr Duvalier and his famil y, 
who fled to France, on Febru- 
ary 7, have been confined to a 
hold in the south-eastern 
French town of Talknres. 

When they arrived the Gov- 
ernment said they could re- 
main fora week to allow them 
to find a permanent place of 
exile: .Thor , stay has been 
extended as a sales of coun- 
tries refused to accept them. 

Sources at the luxury lake- 
side hold where Mr Duvalier 
is staying said the owner had. 
begun legal proceedings to 
evict him. 


Mixed fortunes in US 
fight on pornography 

From Onr Own Cerrespoodest, Washington 

Campaigners against par- pornography from a different 

angle. It defined h as “the 


ive been simulta- 
neously encouraged and set 
back by two important Su- 
preme Court decisions this 
week. ’ 

One overturns an Indiana 
attempt to classify pornogra- 
phy as discrimination against 
women and outlaw h on -those 
grounds; inn. the other says 
that cities my insist that sex 


sexual! y-expliritsub' 
ion of women, whether 
in pictures or words”, adding 
to this anything that showed 
them enjoying pain or humili- 
ation or in “positions of] 
servility or submission or 
display 5 *. . 

Other states were hoping to 
enact similar statutes. But 


theatres he confined to desig- American booksellers, pub- 
nated areas, -however run- fishers and video shops ap- 
down -mid commercially, -pealed, and a court, upheld by 
an viable:- ' the Supreme Court, said that 

T%e«cOBd niUsg. made on 

Tuesday, gives local author*- ^pjroved view of women, 

adult theatres to smafl areas “* 

The judge said the law 
might apply to such works as 
the Iliad or Joyce’s Ulysses. 

Meanwhile, the ll-member 
Commjssiou on Pornography, 
established in May by Mr 
Edwin Meese, the Attorney- 
General, is to meet this week 
to make recommendations fra- 
ils final report in June: 

It has been attacked by] 
liberals, who say it spent too 
much tune looting at bizarre 
and aberrant sexual practices, 
and by conservatives, who say 
that the connection between 
pornography and bad behav- 
iour was 3*ot -sufficiently pre- 
sented in testimony. - 
The Reagan Administration 
is committed to tougher laws 
on. pornography.,-. 


for removed from 
schools, churches and parks. 

This pleases those who 
feared an invasion of smut in 
their neighbourhood. But 
more for-reaching is the 
court’s derision mi the much- 
publicized. Indiana law on 
Monday.' The court agreed 
that g*ri* a> law violated the 
First Amendment right of free 
spew*. It did not give reasons, 
dux seethed - to uphold _ the 
comeofira that the Indiana 
law .was a form of thought 
control. - 

The Tiding does not change 
or broaden the esta blish ed 
definition of obscenity. 

The 1984 law, supported by 
a broad edafition of feminism, 
conservatives and religious 
groups,' attempted to '-attack 


Mr McDonald, who bad 
worked 26 years with Thiokol, 
said the discussions amounted 
toa reversal of previous policy 

that the contractor had to 

prove it was safe to fly. In this 
case he was asked to prove it 
was not 

He refused to sign a memo- 
randum approving the launch, 
and assumed his objections 
would be passed on to the 
Nasa managers who made the 
final decision. 

Another Thiokol engineer, 
Mr Roger Boisjoly, said he 
warned his company on July 
*31 that an explosion of the 
shuttle, dne to erosion of the 
Onrings on the rocket boosters, 
was “my honest and very real 
fear.” 

He wrote to them that 
unlete the seals were im- 
proved “the result would be a 
catastrophe of the highest 
order — ■ loss of human lifeT” 

Mr Boisjoly said be did all 
be could to stop the launch on 
the evening before lift-off and 
expressed “deep concern” 
about bundling jn fow tem- 
peratures. 

Mr W illiam Rogers, the 
Commission chairman, told 
the top Thiokol managers who 
overruled their engineers’ res- 
ervations that the panel did 
not believe them. 






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British paratroops dropping on to a frozen lake near Troms in Norway (left) at the start of Nato's “Anchor Exnress” 

exercises, as other British troops patrol the snowy wastes 


Sidon refugee camp escapes car bomb carnage 

PhUB On. J . - _ 


From Oih - Correspondent 
Beirut 

A car packed with more 
than 1001b of dynamite ex- 
ploded at the gates of the Ein 
d-HQweh Palestinian refugee* 
camp at Sidoa yesterday, till- 
ing the driver and wounding 
seven people. 

Officials said the bomber 
apparently planned to leave 


the car parked near a place 
where hundreds of Palestin- 
ians were to have gathered 
before attending a rally mark- 
ing the eleventh anniversary of 
the death of Marouf Saad, one 
of Sidon ’s leading figures. 

A guard at the camp en- 
trance said he saw the car 
approach the main entrance, 
then the driver appeared to 


hesitate. “I saw the driver 
trying to get out of the car. He 

struggled with the door, then 
the whole car exploded with 
him inside.” 

• JERUSALEM: Israeli 
troops would continue to be 
sent into southern Lebanon for 
as long as there were threats to 
IsraelY northern border, Lieu- 
tenant-General Moshe Levy, 



the Chief of Staff, said yester- 
day (Ian Murray writes). 

The recent kidnapping of 
two soldiers in Lebanon by 
HezboQah fundamentalist ml - 
litias would not change Israeli 
policy on keeping a buffer zone 
in Lebanon. Slight fhawgtwt 
might be made in the way the 
system worked, but essentially 
the method was a good one k 


OAU staff 
fear loss 
of jobs in - 
reforms 

Addis Ababa (AFP) — Re- 
forms of the Organization ofn 
African Unity (OAU) secretar-'t 
iat currently under discussion 0 
here, which could involve thef* 
loss of up to 200 jobs this year^ 
have sparked anxiety among v 
the staff sources at OAUj 
headquarters say. 

The reforms, the first at-i 
tempt at restructuring the* 
administration of the pan- 1 
African organization in its 2?r~ 
year history, also aim at_ 
saving about S 1-5 million - 
(£1 million) annually. 

Entire departments at the! 
secretariat could be eliminate 
ed and everyone from garden -i 
ers and messengers to- 
divisional beads could sud- 
denly find themselves redun- 
dant. the sources said. 

The move, also expected to] 
involve the closure of some of, 
the OAU's regional bureaux^ 
has provoked widespread* 
anxiety but no union action. .1 
All employees of the organi^ 
ration, except the Secretary- 
General. Mr Ide Oumarou of- 
Niger, and his five deputies, 1 . 
are grouped in a staff associa^ 
tion in which the top execu-i 
lives are also honoraryj 
members. - > 

Mr Oumarou was said to be [ 
tiring an impersonal approach] 
that aimed simply at evaluat-, 
ing employee efficiency and* 
the need for continuing ther 
existence of departments. * 






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THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRU 










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GLASGOW HERALD 11th February 1986 

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THE case against Hanson Trus 
strong one? jtt tfe ; ; pal&^eai| 
the Shares have gone nowhere in 


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Longer teimj.it m a si be 
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Hanson has to convince a doubts 
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DAILY TELEGRAPH 
27th January 1986 


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DAILY MAIL 17th January 3986 



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GUARDIAN 8th January 1986 


Hanson THist 

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the cutting remarks) 


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Philippines after Marcos # The people wait • Cabinet named £ Role of Church I Price 


Normality a facade 

as nation rebuilds 


From Michael Harnlyn, Manila 


There was an eerie sense of 
normality abont the Philippine 
capital yesterday, but It was 
only skin deep. 

Behind the facade there was 
an intake of breath from the 
new political leaders, as they 
prepared to tackle the proiv 
lems of banding a new political 
order, There was an intake of 
breath, too, from the estab- 
lished bureaucracy as they 
waited and wondered what 
would happen next. 

“I do not know what we are 
supposed to be doing," con- 
fessed a senio r cml servant. 14 ! 
am just sitting here a nd wait- 
ing for orders. Someone must 
decide to give ns orders soon. 1 * 
The banks reopened, and 
President Aquino issued an 
appeal for a return to 
“sobriety*' following the night 
of festival. 

organized and 
recovered were 
under the 
newly-promoted 
Ramos, the 
chief, whose 


The best 
most quick] 
the armed 
direction of 
General Fidel 
armed services 


changing of sides from dose 
supporter and acting army 
chief for President Marcos to 
chief military rebel on the side 
of Mrs Aquino was the finest 
masterpiece of judgement and 
" ‘ k* the arrival of the 
at Waterioo. 


At the headquarters of the 
Philippine constabulary, of 

which General Ramos was the 
commander, .the desks were 
aligned at right angles, the 
surfaces carefully polished, 
and the officers sat behind 
them in attentive attitudes. 

The headquarters at Camp 
Crame in Quezon City a few 
miles along the straight, eight- 
lane highway from Manila, 
only e^ptt hoars before was 
remunscent of an overcrowded 
Bedoma encampment. Blan- 
kets, billies and bottles were 
strewn around the third floor 
offices. ! 

There was a prominent no- 
tice saying “Off limits to the 
media . Behind the notice. 
General Ramos consulted oth- 
er aimed service chiefs, and 
began to draw up a new 
structure for the military. 

General Ramos also found 
time to wain the Philippine 
public about the stockpiling; of 
arms and cash, and displayed 
an array of guns seized from a 
prominent pofiritian. He an- 
nounced a list of new military 
appointments, carefully add- 
ing that they were aO subject 
to the approval of the Com- 
mander-m-Chief of the armed 
forces; Mrs Aquino. .. 

.Mrs Aquino spent the day 
besieged in her office In her 



The deposed President Marcos is greeted by Colonel Robert 
lasaak, commander at the Andersen air base in Guam. 


old campaign headquarters hi 
the capital's business district. 
She held a series of meetings 

with her new ministers, ioctad- 

ing the Prime Minister, her 
former nnmraa mate, Mr Sal- 
vador Laurel. Smiling broadly 
Mr Laurel arrived and 
dedaredr 4 The war is over. 
Now we must pick op the 
pieces 11 . 

The situation in and around 
her offices was for from the 
military precision of that of 
her army chieTs. Crowds of 
rnbberneckers stood around in 
the street and gaped at the 
arrivals and departures. Am- 
bassadors from a number of 
countries, uizfadrag New Zea- 
land, Canada and Japan, 
called to offer their 
governments" respects and 
congratulations. 

The watchers shuffled their 
feet in thousands of square feet 
of shredded yellow paper, 
which had poured down from 
surrounding buil d in g s in a 
ticker-type welcome for the 
new President 
But carnival atmosphere 
was still most evident at 
MalacanaBg, the presidential 
pala ce . Mrs Aquino's staff 
announced that she would 
move to the palace as soon as it 
declared secure by her armed 
forces, but that was dearly 
going to take some time. 

Several thousand citizens in 
a holiday mood tramped round 
the presidential gardens, gap- 
ing at the scattered deform of 
.the previous night's orgy .of 
looting and destruction. Man- 
go and peanut vendors, sellers 
of soft drinks and cigarettes, 
had all set up their stall on the 
presidential lawns. 

"I have lived in Manila for 
years, and I am 27 years 
and 1 have never been 
inside the palace before, 11 said 
one young man in wouder. u It 
is quite extraordinary. Manila 
has a very polluted atmo- 
sphere, but with all these 
gardens and trees it is just tike 
the countryside.* 1 
Troops in camouflage drill 
uniforms managed to seal off 
the private residence of the 
President, and had ejected 
those who were goggling at the 
clipboards full of silk dresses 
and gallon jars of French 
perfume in the first lady's 
room. But the complex was so 
for .from secure that^a press 
conference by the hew Presi- 
dent due to be held in the 
palace bad to be transferred 
back to her campaign HQ. 



protest 
chaos 
in India 


Bombay (AP) — A genera 
strike in protest at food an° 
fuel price rises paralysed thf 1 
financial hub of 10 millio*: 
people and crippled activity i. 5 
much of the coumiy. 4 

Demonstrators blockc- 
roads and squatted on rail wan 
lines, many of them shouting 
“Down with Rajiv Gandhi* 1 . 1 

Bolivian faces, 
genocide trial >- 

La Paz (Reuter) - Bolivia'* 
Congress has ordered the truj 
of former president Luis Gat, 
cia Meza on charges of gene, 
ride, armed sedition, frau 
and robbery. - 

General Garcia Meza, wh 3 
was toppled in August 198.1 
and is hiding abroad, is aq 
cused of torturing and mui, 
dering many of nis politic^ 
opponents. i 


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Don’t call us, > 
we’ll call you - 


President Corazon Aquino and her Prime Minister, Mr Salvador Laurel, at a Manila press conference yesterday. 

Old regime surprises in new Cardinal 
line-up chosen by Aquino 


From David Watts. Manila 


sets poser 
for Pope 


Ominous parallels for Seoul 


Seoul (Reuter) — The oust- 
ing of President Marcos by a 
determined opposition - has 
been watched with keen inter- 
est in South Korea where the 
Government and opposition 
are locked in a growing con- 
frontation. 


As events unfolded in Ma- 
nila this week. President Chun 
Doo H wan's Government in 
Seoul revealed a new concilia- 
tory approach towards the 
opposition. 

President Chun admitted at 


a meeting with the opposition 
leader. Mr Yi Min U, that 
police had been over-zealous 
in blockading the opposition 
party headquarters and prom- 
ised it- would not happen 
again, v 

The leading dissident. Mr 
Kim Dae Jung, who was held 
under house arrest for 12 days 
until Monday, said, the 
Aquino takeover in the Philip- 
pines marked an “epochal 
turning-point in US foreign 
policy”. “As the democratiza- 
tion of Argentina did in South 


America, the democratization 
of the Philippines will bring 
about a domino phenomenon 
in the democratization of 
Asian countries, 1 ' Mr Kira 
said. 

Like the murdered Mr 
Begnino Aquino. Mrs 
Aquino's husband, Mr Kim 
spent two years in exile in the 
US. Banned from politics due 
to a suspended 20-year jail 
sentence for sedition, he has 
said that. Washington must 
give more support io demo- 
cratic forces. 


Mrs Corazon Aquino's new 
Philippines Cabinet strongly 
reflects the new President, but 
there are some surprising re- 
tentions from the Marcos era. 

Post-revolutionary Manila 
is a mass of conflicting politi- 
cal cross-currents which have 
been complicated by the late 
intervention of the Enrile- 
Ramos rebels. Late desertions 
from the old Marcos party 
have to be paid back, and first 
impressions are of a rather 
mixed bag of politicians which 
may take some time to form a 
cohesive unit 

Mr Salvador Laurel, already 
“ named as the new Prime 
Minister,' adds foreign affairs 
to his responsibilities. Al- 
though he said little at 
yesterday's press conference, 
deferring to the President, he 
is deariy going to be a 
powerful man. 

The new Minister of Fi- 
nance, Mr Jaime Ongpin. has 
been the most pphtic of Mrs 
Aquino's advisers since fhe 
start of her election campaign. 
A businessman who was open- 
ly critical of things under Mr 
Marcos, be will play an impor- 
tant role in getting the 
Government’s financial house 
in order. 

The Governor of the Cen- 
tral Bank, Mr Jose Fernandez, 
was a surprising retention 
from the old government. A 
number of controversial inci- 
dents, such as the heavy 
printing of new money and the 
alleged appearance of bills 
with duplicate serial numbers, 
took place during the election, 
and many thought that Mr 
Fernandez would not be re- 
tained. 

The organizer of the Na- 
tional Movement For Free 


Elections, Mr Jose Concep- 
cion, gels his reward as the 
new Minister ofTrade. while a 
new commission to reorganize 
the Government goes to a 
Marcos loyalist. Mr Luis 
ViUafuerie. Mrs Aquino clear- 
ly means what she says about 
there being no recriminations 
for the past. 

The new commission on 
good government will be 
headed by a man whom Mr 
Marcos jailed Mr Jovito 
Salonga, who later went into 
self-imposed exile in the Unit- 
ed States. 


Mayor dies 

Manila (Renter) - The 
mayor of Manila's Makati 
financial district, Mr Nemesio 
Yahut, aged 60, a key support- 
er of deposed President Mar- 
cos. died of a heart attack in 
hospital yesterday. 


As she' promised during the 
election, Mrs Aquino did 
away with Mrs Imelda 
Marcos's most wasteful and 


corrupt project, the Ministry 
hich 


of Human Settlements, whicl 
the President said was 
“irrelevant”. The ministry 
will not be missed. 


Mrs Aquino's press spokes- 
man. 

Mr Saguisag was well 
known under Mr Marcos as a 
tireless human rights lawyer. 

In the eariy days of a new 
and so inexperienced govern- 
ment there are bound to be 
contradictions, but perhaps 
the most profound appears to 
be the conflicting signals on 
political offenders. 

Mr Laurel told an American 
television station that the 
Government would grant am- 
nesty to all political offenders, 
including insurgents of the 
Communist New People's 
Army, among them those now 
in the hills. 

“We believe that, given a 
moral and democratic govern- 
ment. 90 per cent of those who 
are now in the hills will lay 
down their arras and come 
home because they are not 
communists”. 

The new Chief of Staff of the 
armed forces. General Fidel 
Ramos, on the other hand 
proposes a heavy new offen- 
sive against the Communists. 

The full Cabinet is: 


From Peter Nichols 
Rome 


Prime Minister and Foreign At- 
tains Salvador Laurel: Defence: 


The son of the tote foreign 
minister, Mr Alberto Romulo. 
becomes Budget Minister, and 
Mr Teodoro Locsin. whose 
family lost their publishing 
interests under Mr Marcos’s 
martial law, is the new Minis- 
ter of Information. 


He has been writing some of 
Mrs Aquino's speeches and 
organizing her media expo- 
sure. Mr Rene Saguisag, who 
is a match for the barbs of any 
foreign correspondent will be 


Juan Ponca Enriia (retained); Ju*- 
Bce: Neptaii Gonzales: Finance: 
Jaime Ongpin; Education: Lourdes 
Owsumbing: Local Government: 
Aquilino Pimentel; Pubfic Works 
and Highways: Rogaciano 
Mercado; Trade and industry: Jose 
Concepcion; Agriculture: Ramon 
Mrtra; Presidential Commission on 
Good Government Jovito Salonga; 
Executive Secretary: Joker Arroyo; 
Presidential Spokesman: Rene 
Sagusag: Presidential Commis- 
sion on Government Reorganiza- 
tion: Luis Villafuene; Tourism: Jose 
Antonio Gonzales; Natural Re- 
sources; Ernesto Maceda; Informa- 
tion: Teodoro Locsin; Budget 
Alberto Romulo; Central Bank Gov- 
ernor Jose Fernandez (retained). 


Now the immediate crisis in 
the Philippines is over, the 
Vatican is evaluating the sig- 
nificance to the Roman Cath- 
olic Church as a whole of the 
decisive hand taken there by 
the bishops under the leader- 
ship of Cardinal Jaime Sin. 
Archbishop of Manila. 

What he did in entering the 
political arena was without 
precedent in modem church 
affairs, and he took the initia- 
tive in declaring the rule ot 
President Marcos over with- 
out consulting Rome firsL 

The cardinal's action is seen 
to have outstanding impor- 
tance for the complicated 
question of relations between 
the Vatican and local 
churches.Throughoui the cri- 
sis. ihe Pope was left to make 
general statements of hope 
that bloodshed would be 
avoided while his bishops in 
the Philippines were playing a 
political role far beyond what 
has happened in Poland or 
Central America. 

Mrs Corazon Aquino is seen 
practically to owe the presi- 
dency to the cardinal's sup- 
port. He legitimized her 
political claims, brought out 
the masses in defence of the 
rebel generals, and achieved 
what Archbishop Romero, the 
late leader of the Church in El 
Salvador, had failed to do by 
persuading the armed forces 
to disobey Mr Marcos. 

Though Cardinal Sin does 
not follow the liberation theol- 
ogy devised by Latin Ameri- 
can churchmen to meet 
situations of injustice, he is 
seen to have achieved in one 
step all that many of them 
have been preaching for years. 


Newark (UPI) - Allen JBc, 
win Tildsley was the prinfa 
suspect in a $370,001 
armoured car robbery, arp 
after IS months on the run 
wanted to give himself up. J 
But when he tried to sutrer 
der to FBI agents, he wi* 
unable to persuade them ^ 
arrest him — despite repeats 
telephone calls. They eventi 
ally discovered their mistake 
and obliged. f 

New problem! 


on transplant - 


Tucson (UPI) - Docto. 1 
treating Mrs Bernadet\ 
Chayrez. the world’s first rt 
cipient of two artificial hearti 
are ‘ighting a new complies 
tion - fungal pneumonia. ■ 
Mrs Chayrez, aged 40, t 
Phoenix, was listed in critic' 
but stable condition at th 
Universiiy of Arizona Medf 
cal Centre. 


Baby burnt 


Adelaide (Reuter) - Robe 
McQuade. aged 31. wh 
wrapped his girlfriend's fivi 
month-old baby boy in 
blanket and put him in 
microwave oven has bee 
jailed for seven years. Three t 
the baby’s toes had to t 
amputated. 


Giving up 

Tokyo (UPI) - YoshiaJ 
Yamada, aged 37, a memfo 
of the radical Japanese Re 
Army, gave himself up t 
police when he returned hon: 
after 13 years in self-exile. 


Poison traces 


Nashville (UPI) - Traces i 
cyanide have been found in 
Tylenol capsule lying near tk 
body of a man who bad bee 
dead for days before beir 
discovered, but a doetc 
would not confirm the caul 
of death. 


Couple's plea 


Miners on 
Rand 
stay out 


From Michael Hornsby 

Jo hannes burg 

The atmosphere at Vaal 
Reefs, the world’s second 
biggest gold mine, was tense 
yesterday as management re- 
ported 10,720 of the 40,000 
black miners employed there 
still on strike. 

On Tuesday, some 12.000 
blacks working at three of the 
mine’s 10 shafts went on 
strike- Yesterday miners at a 
fourth shaft joined the strik- 
ers. but some others who had 
struck earlier reported for 
work, reducing the total num- 
ber involved in the stoppage. 

The strikers are demanding 
the unconditional release of 
nine of their fellows arrested 
earlier this week in connection 
with the murder on February 
IS of four “team leaders”, 
senior black employees in 
charge of gangs of workers at 
the rock face. 

A spokesman .for the Na- 
tional Union of Mineworkers 
. fNUMTtpid the meiv believed 
- 'that those “arrested were Inno- 
cent of tire -killings. 

‘ At a press copferencejn 
JohabtTestmrg, - Mr Theo Pre- 
lorius. the managing director 
of Vaal Reefs, which is owned 
by the Anglo American Cor- 
poration. said no other griev- 
ances had been voiced. 


Runcie doubts 
on mis sions 


Delhi (AP) - The Archbish- 
op of Canterbury, Dr Robert 
Runcie, said yesterday that he 
opposed foreign Christian 
missionaries who sought con- 
verts in India. 

“The Christian church is a 

missionary church and will 
always trv to attract 
members." &r Runcie. now 
on a three-week tour of India, 
told a news conference 
here.**But this must be the 
work of Indian missionaries- 


Kremlin session gets away from usual tone of self-congratulation 


Gorbachov sets the seal on new era of reform 


From Christopher Walker 
Moscow 

As tire 27th Communist Party 
Congress began its debates behind 
closed doors yesterday. Western ex- 
perts rimmed that it had already set 
the seal on a new “Gorbachov era" 
marked by economic reform, strict 
adherence to purist Communist ideol- 
ogy and willingness, within limits, to 
explore new directions In foreign 
policy. 

The reformist tone adopted by Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov during his five- 
bom- opening address had been widely 
predicted. 


But some Western observers were 
surprised at the extent of The econom- 
ic changes endorsed from the rostrum 
ami the degree of self-criticism dis- 
played at what is so often an 
em harassing]? self-congratulatory fo- 
rum. 

Two pointers to the changing image 
of the Kremlin leadership stood out 
for special notice. First Mr 
Gorbachov's gesture after only a 
minute of standing ovation that 
enough was enough and second, 
Soviet television's decision to show 
shots of his wife Raisa watching his 
performance. 


Inside Russia, Kremlin wives have 
in the past been scarcely acknowl- 
edged. 

“He left no room for doubt that he 
is firmly on the side of the reformers 
in the great debate about rescuing the 
economy," one senior diplomat said. 
“Bat he specifically ruled out any 
resort to market forces in the drive to 
end shortages. Whatever else, this 
man is a real believer in communism." 

It was symbolic that after the 
exhausting speech, Mr Gorbachov led 
the entire Soviet leadership in laying 
a wreath at Lenin's Tomb outside the 
Kremlin walls. 


Much of the preceding five hours - 
which were often heavy on rhetoric 
and light on specifics - had been used 
to demonstrate to the party faithful 
that new faces did not mean any 
weakening in ideology. 

At one point Mr Gorbachov paid 
tribute to the KGB and warned they 
would have to be more vigilant than 
ever against escalating attempts at 
subversion by Western secret ser- 
vices. 

This and other pointers gave little 
comfort to Soviet Jews and other 
dissidents always hoping for a sign of 
forthcoming liberalization. 


Threat by 
Russia 
on A-tests 


Pasadena (UPI) - A 1 7-yea 
old boy has pleaded not guilt 
to fatally shooting his fethe 
an executive of a Philippin 
opposition newspaper, and h. 
girlfriend pleaded not guilty t 
being an accessory. They alley 
edly tried to disguise tb 
killing as a political assassins 
tion. 


Judge’s offer 


By Nicholas Ashford 
Diplomatic Correspondent 


Speech casts spotlight on the Soviet trouble areas 


Further excerpts from the 
speech made by Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
to the 27th Congress of the 
Soviet Communist Party, the' 
text provided by the Soviet 
news agency Novosti. 


Domestic Issues 


Human rights: 

The whole range of the 
Soviet citizen's sociopolitical 
and .personal rights and free- 
doms should promote the 
broadening and further devel- 
opment of socialist democra- 
cy. Tire party and the state 
regard the deepening of these 
rights and freedoms and the 
strengthening of their guaran- 
tees as their primary duty. But 
the gist of socialism is that the 
rights of citizens do not. and 
cannot, exist outside their 
duties ... 

The family: 

Our achievements in culti- 
vating the. new. socialist type 
of family are indisputable. 
Socialism has emancipated 
women from economic and 
social oppression, securing for 
them the opportunity to work, 
obtain an education and par- 
ticipate in public life on an 
equal .footing with men ; . . 

Yet the formation of. the 


new type of family is a 
complicated process that in- 
volves many problems. In 
particular, although the di- 
vorce rate has dropped in the 
past few years, it is still high. 
There is still a large number of 
unhappy families. All this has 
a negative effect above all, on 
the upbringing of children, as 
well as on the morale of men 
and women, on their work and 
public activity . . . 

Alcoholism: 

A fight has been mounted 
across the country against 
hard drinking and alcoholism. 
In the name of the health of 
society and the individual, we 
have instituted resolute mea- 
sures mid started a battle 
against traditions that were 
shaped and cultivated over 
the centuries. While we should 
have no illusions about what 
has been accomplished, we 
can safely say that drunken- 
ness has been, elbowed out of 
factories and that there is less 
of ii in public places. 

The situation within fam- 
ilies is improving. Injuries in 
production have declined, and 
order has been tightened. Bui 
extensive, persevering and 
varied efforts are still needed 
to secure a final break with 
prevailing habits. There must 
be no indulgence here! 


The manpower 
shortage: 

Some economic managers 
complain of a manpower 
shortage. ! think the com- 
plaints are groundless in most 
cases. If you look into the 
matter more closely you will 
see that there is no shortage of 
labour. But there is a low level 

27th 
PARTY 
CONGRESS 


technological progress is im- 
possible today • without high 
quality standards. We are 
sustaining large material and 
moral losses because of flaws 
in design, deviations from 


labour. But there is a low level 

l^COWGBESSy 


of labour productivity, inade^ 
quaie work organization and 
ineffective incentive schemes. 

Add to this the creation of 
superfluous jobs by planning 
and economic bodies. It is a 
well-known fact that some of 
our enterprises, design offices 
and research institutes have 
considerably larger staffs than 
their counterparts abroad that 
have a similar work load 
Once people gel down is 
earnest to improving work 
organization and incentives, 
to tightening discipline and 
setting higher demands, they 
bring to light untapped poten- 
tialities that had never been 
suspected previously. 

Quality control: 

Accelerated scientific and 


production methods, the use 
of low-grade materials and 
poor finishing. This affects the 
precision and reliability of 
machines and instruments 
and hinders satisfaction of 
consumer demand for goods 
and services. 

Last year millions of metres 
of fabrics, millions of pairs of 
leather footwear, and many- 
other consumer items were 
returned to factories _ or 
marked down as inferior- 
grade goods. 

The losses are significant 
wasted raw materials and the 
wasted labour of hundreds of 
thousands of workers. Radical 
measures must be taken to 
rule out the manufacture of 
defective or low-grade goods. 

Foreign policy 


Afghanistan: 

Counter-revolution and im- 
perialism have turned Afghan- 
istan into a bleeding wound. 
The Soviet Union supports 
that country’s efforts to de- 
fend its sovereignly. We 
should like, in the nearest 
future, to withdraw Soviet 


troops stationed in Afghani- 
stan at the request of its 
Government. 

Moreover, we have agreed 
with the Afghan side on the 
schedule for their phased 
withdrawal as soon as a 
political settlement is reached 
that ensures an actual cessa- 
tion and dependably guaran- 
tees the non-resumption of 
foreign armed interference in 
the internal affairs of the 
Democratic Republic of Af- 
ghanistan . . . 

China: 

One can say with gratifica- 
tion that there has been a 
measure of improvement in 
the Soviet Union's relations 
with its great neighbour — 
socialist China. The distinc- 
tions in attitudes, in particu- 
lar. to a number of 
international problems re- 
main. But we also note some- 
thing else — that in many cases 
we can work jointly, co- 
operate on an equal and 
principled basis, without prej- 
udice to third countries. 

There is no need to explain 
the significance of this. The 
Chinese Communists called 
the victory of the Soviet 
Union and the forces of 
progress in the Second World 
War a prologue to the triumph 
of the people in China . . . 


A senior Soviet diplomat 
yesterday warned that the 
Soviet Union may resume 
testing nuclear weapons soon 
if the United States does not 
take up its offer for a bilateral 
moratorium on nuclear tests. 

Mr German Gventsadze. 
the Soviet charge d'affaires in 
London, said the freeze which 
the Soviet Union imposed on 
its own nuclear tests eight 
months ago “cannot go on 
indefinitely" unless there is a 
positive response from the 
US. 

Mr Gventsadze was answer- 
ing questions at a press confer- 
ence to discuss the address by 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, at the opening 
of the Soviet Communist 
Party congress on Tuesday. 

In his speech Mr 
Gorbachov wanted that he 
might not agree to a new 
summit with President Rea- 
gan later in the year unless 
there were “understandings" 
on stopping nuclear tests and 
eliminating medium-range 
missiles in Europe. 

Mr Gorbachov's speech, in 
which he was dismissive of 
President Reagan's latest arms 
offer, has dampened hopes in 
the West that the “spirit" of | 
the Gene* a summit last year 
could lead to early progress. 

Mr Gventsadze. who said 
ihe main thrust of the speech 
was ibe need to “scale down 
the level of military confronta- 
tion between the East and the 
West" was critical of the 
Western media for ignoring 
the central dement of Mr 
Gorbachov's arms control 
proposals, which was the com- 
plete elimination ofall nuclear 
weapons over the next IS 
years. 


Flagstaff, Arizona (UPI) - 
judge who sentenced Trac 
and Dan Lewis Smith to tw< 
and-a-half years in prison ft 
starving their 10-month-ol 
son to death, offered to redut 
their sentences if they waul 
get themselves sterilized. 


Comet shot 


White Sands Missile Rang 
New Mexico (UPI) - A sul 
orbital rocket launched l 
study Halley's Comet hs 
successfully returned its pa; 
load, including the earner 
and film taken of the comet. 


Spying charge 


Catania (AFP) - An Italia 
Air Force officer and a bus 
ness man were charged wit 
handing over to Libya doci 
menu on the Nato base i 
Com iso. Sicily, where U 
cruise missiles are to h 
deployed next year. 


Ice marathon 


L ecu warden (Reuter) - 
More than 16.000 skaters se 
off over the frozen canals c 
the north Netherlands on 
spectacular ice marathon be 
ing staged for only the 14ti 
time in a century. 


Aids action 


Stockholm —A S wed is 
woman whose only son. age 
nine, died from Aids afte 
receiving infected blood plas 
ma. has started legal proceed 
ings against the America: 
company said to have Slip 
plied it 


Beaked whale 


Lincoln City. Oregon (Reu 
ter) - A Bering Sea beakei 
whale, so rare it has been seei 
only a few dozen times b 
man. has beached itself am 
died near here. 


f 






OVERSEAS NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 


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Wellington row starts 
after Queen refers 


Grammys 
dominated 
by British 


to anti-nuclear policy — 


From Stephen Taylor, Wellington 


The Queen became em- 
broiled in a political row in 
New Zealand yesterday over 


her speech at the Stale Open- 
ing of Parliament in which she 


ing of Parliament in which she 
articulated the Lange 
Government's intention to 
maintain its controversial 
anti-nuclear policy. 

Outlining the Govern- 
ment’s programme as the 
Queen of New Zealand, she 
referred to the Nuclear Free 
Zone Bill introduced last year, 
and said that while it was not 
New Zealand's intention lo 
weaken the security alliance 
with the United States or 
Australia, it was acknowl- 
edged that the Anzus pact was 
the subject of dispute. 

She added: “When differ- 
ences arise, the soundness of 
any friendship is revealed by 
the efforts made to seek a 
resolution of those 
differences. The Government 
will adopt every diplomatic 
initiative possible to reach a 
satisfactory settlement." 

Her speech immediately 


prompted an attack on the 
Government by Mr Jim 
McLay. the Opposition leader, 
for what he said was insensi- 
tivity in including matters of. 
controversy. It was unspoken 
convention, he said, that New 
Zealand governments ensured 
that the Queen was not re- 
quired to speak on politically 
sensitive subjects. 


Mr David Lange, the Prime 
Minister, said that the Queen 
had seen and approved the 
speech, and that the section 
dealing with .Anzus was not 
contentious. 


Although perfectly proper 
constitutionally, the speech 
served to underline an irony 
in the Queen’s different roles: 
as Queen of New Zealand she 
outlined policies yesterday 
which it is hard to conceive 
she would articulate as a 
British monarch, whatever 
government was in power. 

Mr Michael Shea, her press 
secretary, said that she was 
precluded from interferring 


with a speech prepared by the 
New Zealand Government. 

At a state banquet last night 
the Queen made light of the 
incident in which two women 
threw eggs at her on Monday. 
She said in a speech :"New 
Zealand has been long re- 
nowned for its dairy produce 
- though I should say that I 
myself prefer my New Zea- 
land eggs for breakfast" 

The Government mean- 
while said it would be apolo- 
gizing to Mr Dun Mihaka, a 
Maori activist who was arrest- 
ed on T uesday while the Royal 
couple were attending a Maori 
reception. Mr Mihaka. who 
■vas wrongfully detained for , 
non-payment of a fine, has 
threatened to make a bare- 
bottom protest during the 
visit 

A Maori man arrested after 
baring his bottom at the royal 
party was remanded on bail of 
SNZ50 (about £18) yesterday 
when he refused to plead to a 
charge of disorderly behav- 
iour. 


Los Angeles (Reuter) — Phil 
Collins was the leading Gram- 
my winner as British artists 
dominated the National Acad- 
emy of Recording Arts and 
Sciences annual awards. 

Collins, vocalist, drummer, 
composer and producer, took 
the album of the year award, 
for A r o Jacket Required, and 
was also voted producer of the 
year for the album. 

The British singer Sade was 
voted best new artist, and to 
complete the British invasion 
of the Grammys, guitarist Jeff 
Beck was best rock instrumen- 
talist. Dire Straits best rock 
group. Cleo Laine best female 
jazz singer, Andrew Lloyd 
Webber best contemporary 
classical composer, and the 
Rolling Stones were given a 
lifetime achievement award. 



Three key European polls 


Socialist anger at 
suggestion of 
rigging in Spain 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 


The run-up campaign for 
Spain's referendum on March 
! 12 on whether to remain in 
Nato has quickly taken on 
suspicious and intolerant 
tones. 

In the only Nato country' so 
far to hold a referendum on 
the issue, the strains of such a 
divisive matter as defence 
have quickly become apparent 
for a still new democracy. 


... :• ■ . 


Royal walkabouts will continue 

From Our Special Correspondent Wellington 


This week's attack on the 
Qoeen by a pair of egg- 
throwing demonstrators pro- 
duced a frisson of shock in the 
royal household. But there 
appears no likelihood that the 
Royal Family will withdraw 
from the kind of intimate 
public contact which gives 
their security men nightmares. 

As the Qneea and the Duke 
of Edinburgh went on walk- 
about yesterday, a senior 
member of the household re- 
flected: “The police were hor- 
rified before and they are 


horrified now. They are qnite 
right. It's the most dangerous 
situation she can be in. But she 
insists on doing H." 

Yesterday's walkabout was. 
in fact a bit out of the 
ordinary. It had nothing to do 
with the numbers, which 
would certainly not have had 
statisticians reaching for a 
record book, while the crowd 
was no more than usually 
enthusiastic for a glimpse or a 
chance to exchange a few 
words with the royal couple. 

The distinction of the 


Wellington walkabout was the 
place itself. For this is where 
the practice which has made 
the Royal Family far more 
culpably human for many of 
the Queen's subjects was first 
put to the test during the 1970 
royal tour to New Zealand. 

“The Queen wanted a way 
to get closer to people," one of 
those involved said yesterday. 
“That was what got it all 
started." Its success led to the 
concept being incorporated in 
most subsequent royal pro- ; 
grammes. 


The Rolling Stones were 
recognized as "the most vola- 
tile and intact group to survive 
the sixties". The award was 
presented to the band at a 
ceremony in London's Roof 
Garden Club by guitarist Erie 
Clapton and relayed live to the 
Los Angeles audience. 

"We Are The World" from 
the L'S was voted best song, 
best record and best short 
video of 1 985. it was sung by 
US Aid For Africa, a group of 
more than 5D leading record- 
ing artists, 


a, ^ ^ ’ * * 7‘| ;■■■<' j 


In spite of an appeal for 
calm by Seflor Felipe Gonza- 
lez, the Prime Minister, open- 
ing the campaign pn television 
on Tuesday night, the right- 
wing opposition has voiced its 
suspicion that the results 
might be rigged by the Gov- 
ernment. 






The Socialist Party has 
blocked all opposition moves 
to debate the matter in Parlia- 
ment until after the referen- 
dum. 


The three accolades brought 
awards to Jackson and Ritchie 
as writers of the best song, and 
to Quincy Jones as producer 
of the best record. 


Special Grammy awards to George and Ira Gershwin are ac- 
cepted by Mrs Ira Gershwin (top) from Barbra Streisand; 
the British artist Phil Collins (below) won three awards. 


Other lifetime achievement 
awards went to jazz clarinetist 
and band leader Benny Good- 
man. and classical guitarist 
Andres Segovia. Tina Turner 
was voted best female rock 
singer of the year, and Don 
Henley, formerly of the Ea- 
gles, took the best male rock 


singer award. 

Jazz trumpeter Herb Alpert 


Other leading awards went 
to Whoopie Goldberg for best 


admitted to being nervous in .comedy recording, Rosanne 
presenting the award for the Cash,* best female country 


best Latin pop performance 
since one of the five contend- 
ers was his wife, Lani HalL 
When he opened the sealed 
envelope the winner was — 
Lani Hall. 


artist, Ronnie Milsap, best 
male country artist. Aretha 
Franklin, best female rhythm 
and blues artist and Stevie 
Wonder, best male rhythm 
and. blues artist 


Polls have shown a stub- 
born majority for leaving the 
Atlantic Alliance which Spain 
joined in 1982. just before the 
Socialists won office. 

Sefior Jose Barrionuevo, the 
Interior Minister, has insisted 
the results will come from the 
National Election Commis- 
sion and Senor GonzdJez has 
acidly reminded Senor Ma- 
nuel Fraga, the opposition 
leader, who was once Franco's 
Information Minister, that 
"the days of fixing referendum 
results are long past". 

The Socialists, who with 
202 votes control Parliament 
can point to the practice of 
suspending Parliamentary de- 
bates during regional election 
campaigns as a precedent 
But when the opposition 
tried io insist that its ques- 


tions would also help clarify 
voters' minds the Socialist 
reply was: “It is noi a good 
thing io confuse those who 
have to decide in the referen- 
dum, so the fewer questions 
the better.” 

In his broadcast Senor Gon- 
zalez repeated the 
Government's central argu- 
ment that a "yes" verdict is 
the only position consistent 
with havine just joined the 
EEC. 

Senor Alfonso Guerea. the 
Deputy Premier, has been 
louring .Asturias, the northern 
mining region, promising a 
cut in petrol prices and telling 
young voters that by staying 
but of Nato's command struc- 
tures. as the Government 
proposes, they will never have 
to do any military service 
abroad. 

While the Socialist Party 
rank-and-file are manifestly 
uncomfortable about their 
leaders' volte face over Nato 
since coming to power, there 
are signs that the temptation 
to “punish" a Socialist Gov- 
ernment by voting “no" looks 
too tempting for many opposi- 
tion supporters, landing them 
incongruously in the same 
camp as the Communists. 

Senor Fraga's instructions 
to abstain appear far too 
clever a manoeuvre, especially 
when be wants full integration 
in Nato. 

Senor Javier Pradera, the 
man in charge of leading 
articles on El Pais, the Madrid 
newspaper, has resigned after 
readers protested, reasonably 
enough, that the newspaper's 
impartiality had been dam- 
aged by his personally mar- 
shalling signatures for’a pro- 
Nato vole. 


• J > 


French voting change 
increases candidates 


From Diana Geddes, Paris 

Nearly 7,000 candidates National Front will be^ fielding 
mil be contesting 555 pariia- candidates m virtually every 
mentary seats in the 96 de- department Ah’ the first time, 
partments of metropolitan The ecologists are presenting 

P. a. « Vurlff 






ummr. 


m 


The percentage 
rises as you 

imricf “net™ 


France on March 16* accord- ^ in 34 departments. Near- 
fug to figures released by the h 200 lists are being presented 
Ministry of the Interior. hy diverse left-wing and ex- 


Ministry of the Interior. by diverse left-wing and ex- 

FTgnres for France's nine ftwne-left groups, in spite of 
overseas terr i tories and de- aew ^ system. 


overseas territories and. de- 
partments, where a further 22 
seats in the new National 


Tbefigbres were released on 
Tuesday after the deadline for 


i v— w mn * Wlhl kin. UVWHMK IU 

Assembly will be contested, the registration of candidates 
are not yet available. At the 










Instant access. 
No penalties. 




• ■: • ■ 




Am 





The interest rates on Abbey 
National's Five Star Account start 
high and rise automatically the 
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z top rate of 9.50% . You get Five Star 
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the coupon. 

[" T« Dept. F56, Abbey National Building Society, FREEF05T. 

I 201 Grafton Gate East, MILTON KEYNES MK9 IDA. 

| l*We would like Five Star treatment tor my/our money 
1 and apply immediately, enclosing a cheque for 

| £ to be invested in a Five Star Account at 

| my our local branch in 


list general election, in 1981, 
there were only 2.719 candi- 
dates. The new system of 
proportional representation, to 
be used for the first time, 
seems partly responsible for 
the increase in candidates. 

All but four of the 40 
government ministers are 
standing for election, as are 13 
senators and 80 per cent of the 
outgoing Assembly of 491 
deputies. As usual, teachers 
form the biggest single catego- 
ry of ca n didates — 17 per cent 
of the totai. 

Only one quarter of the 
candidates are women, and 
they are esnally placed so Ear 
down the lists that they stand 
little chance of being elected. 
There are only 28 women 
deputies in the outgoing As- 
sembly. 

In all, 807 lists are being 
presented In metropolitan 
France, an average of eight per 
department. The right-wing 



Under new campaign pnb- 
licify rules party political 
broadcasts are being regulated 
to give equal time to Right and 
Left for the remaining three 
weeks of the campaign. 

. A to taI of 90 minutes televi- 
sion and radio broadcasting 
time has been allocated to be 
shared between the parties 
with deputies already in par- 
liament The Gaullist RPR 
and Centre-Right IDF parties 
are to take 45 minutes each, 
with 25 minutes for the Com- 
munists and 65 for the Social- 


Danes likely to back 
EEC reform package 

From Christopher Follett, Copenhagen 


Opinion polls forecast a 
resounding “yes” when 
Denmark's three million elec- 
torate votes today in a nation- 
al referendum on the so-called 
Luxembourg package of re- 
forms streamlining the work- 
ings of the European 
Community. 


The latest opinion polls, 
published in Borsen, the finan- 
cial daily, predict 61 per cent 
for the reforms, with 39 per 
cent against. 


The referendum was called 
when a leftist parliamentary 
majority, fearing that the re- 


j Please send full details and an application card. I/We 
j understand the rates might vary, 
j 1/We understand that the interest win be credited annually 
i on 1st September to this account 
■ Full name(s) Mr/Mrs/Mfcn; .. 


Bangladesh 
polls to be 
held in May 


forms would erode Danish 
national sovereignity, last 
month rejected a package 
signed last week by all EEC 
countries with the exception 
of Italy, Greece and Denmark 
itself. 

The centre-right Govern- 
ment. which supports the 
reforms, has warned that a 
*no could signal Denmark’s 
gradual exit from the EEC and 
economic disaster. Denmark's 
fyople s Movement Against 
Membership of the European 
Community has vowed to 
rampaign for a new plebiscite 
on Danish membership. 


■ -■'I _ 




| I Telephone J 

I Abbey/ 

I 1 9 jjjj abtty | 

| ABBEY NATIONAL ! 
[FiyiES^ACCOUNTj 







ARBFY NATION Al 


Him DING SOOFTY ABBEY HOUSE BAKER STRFFT IONDONNWI6XI 


From Ahmed Fazl 
Dhaka 

Bangladesh’s chief election 
commissioner said here yes- 
terday that democratic ele£ 
y°n? «>!« be held m 
B j? n .8j a<ies j by the first week 

ffim 0re ' he * of 

President Erehad will an- 
nounce the exact date earlv 
next month, but it , s not yet 
known whether the 49 million 

voters wtU be asked to vote o! 

tite same day f 0r a 
Parliament and a Pres, dent 

allSSJ W |k» ^ u °PP°s»»on 
alliances have threatened to 

^oycoti polls unjess they are 
vmetei by General Erahad^ 
= uon and , he „ ftlng J 

S.'S ofop '—" 


Jayewardene 
still seeks 

Delhi accord 

/■*_« - ~ 


Colombo (Reuter) - Presi- 
dent Jayewardene of Sri Lan- 
ka has told India thai he is still 
K5« e ii n co-operating with 
j- 1 [0 L P nd a solution to the 
Iff i i blood , v ethnic conflict. 
safcL ,an Hlgh Commission 

Jayewardene con- 
'eyed his views to the High 

N?H n ^ ss,oner ' Mr Jyotindra 
p^P ML , who had told the 
Pres dent of India’s concent 

zEsssr - d 

for M l5 ,M . 1 ^ ler fle* to Ddhi 
&H**. 10 -. on the Sn 
Unkan crisis, earning a mes- 

Jawwar v/ r0m r President 
STS* for Jndum 

GaSrth, I ^i! ,,s J er - Mr Rajiv 

S auem ?,° has mediated \n 

Mnflio D 10 >1* 


tU j 1*1 ii 


V-'| ‘ 

A .J i 


^SESSasg: 


U., 

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) : - : ■ 


s Hiu 




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tJ&AJi iy IxSjO 


'° c, 'alis 


lilUi r -f' 


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<<H f 

VJ°® Of 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 iQiifi 




v ‘ - ■ 


' J " \ 'V 


1 

* -U::. 
. ‘ v V.r-'.rv 

<■ l 1 1 1 < \ • • ’ 

“ '•it., 




Television 

A spread Lovii 

ofred farm* 

Brighton Beach 

~TSSU5S r«S fe 0ire 

fora of economic cnlnnL N»»ii c; , 


THE ARTS 


Theatre 


Lovingly shaped 
family comedy 

Tk m 


lona of economic colon*- 
a^tton. Channel 4’ s second 
s®nes of reran propaganda 
newsreels of the period; The 
°f Time: The American 
Century, pointed out that the 
dispensed these 
w^dollars was staffed in the 
maia fry American bnshiess- 
JMtt, identifying twoTS 

"SL d,rectors of Time- 
whos ® President Henry 
.)*** **** ““opoBtion be- 
hind the newsreels. 

So mnch for conspiracy 
theories. The “documentary” 
dsejf turned out to be a 
pr^ictably risible blend <5 
dubiously veice-overed dins 
purporting to show the eril 
SM ?f ^tentacles across 
{he globe from “once-prond 
Poland to -the legendary 
P WH, be . There wmsdso 
“sorts of well-groomed actors 
posmg as average Joes to 
driver «nes such as “We 
sboolda cracked down on 
“ose bums at the end of the 

war; . 

Unde Joe, meanwhile, went 
fro®, strength to strength, 
notwithstan ding the global in- 
dignation marshalled against J 
him. Indignation was evident, 1 
too, in the programme that 1 
followed on the same channel, “ 
the rub-thumping Diverse Re- 
ports. The journalist Anna 


i h!mc5r m K 0 lone since proved 

i himself the finest playwright oper- 

i aung within the limits of the 
■ 5?.? une [rt al American theatre, 
i utner able comic technicians have 
successfully adapted their material 
to Broadway taste; but with Simon 
there is rarely any sense of compro- 
mise. He writes as a free artist 
whose work happens to square 
precisely with what his public will 
tflkc. 

But. just as Ayckbourn has met 
with transatlantic resistance, so 
airaon has persistently been cold- 
shouidered by the London public, 
ootn in ms early wisecracking days 
and since his steady development 
(again paralleling Ayckbourn) into 
I senous comedy. The reason for 
inis. I suspect, lies partly in his 
open rehance on autobiography, 
which is far more popular among 
American than British spectators, 
i be sight of a man telling his life- 
story with a cast of stars is thrilling 
to Mr Simon's compatriots; it 
encourages the dream that any- • 
body can make h to the top. The 
appetite for such personal revela- 
tions is seldom indulged by British t 
wnt frt’ , anc * I doubt whether it i 
would have done Ayckbourn’s 1 
houses much good if be had t 
publicized his real-life models for 5 



The Norman Conquests and Bed- 
room Farce. 

I hope therefore that readers of 
this newspaper and of other ad- 
vance interviews wifi put aside the 

Jhiwf ry J >f Simon ’ s Brooklyn 
childhood and his hero-worship- 
ping relationship with his brother 
ganny. and take Brighton Beach 
« «* few value, as a 
■i2K fi ? y fe roily comedy 

right place even 
— 

Set in 1937. the piece follows a 
stormy week in the life of a hard- 

Lk. SE0<gl£St HlPP> - Stt ™ M«ki«osh Frances de U Tour (ngh.X with Alison Piste Oefth Uso Jscobs and 

in a mno-hour day as a tailor's home from his shoe-shop job under enaeied d.™..h , . . “° n ^ Jacobs ^ Glemster 

cutter, and then goes on to a snare- threat of the sack. Put like that, it h*..**. Qt lhe cusing. bespectacled eaze Sipv™ u.. 


j id«» a m 1 1 -j 

cutter, and then goes on to a spare- 
tune job to support his own family 
and that of his wife’s widowed 
sister. Large as it is, Carl Toms's 
cross-section of their two-storev 
house is bursting at the seams; and 
the voice of Frances de la Tour, as 
the mother, is habitually pitched to 
a note of weary exasperation as she 
prepares yet another hated dinner 
of liver and cabbage. 

. Building up to two such unappe- 
tizing meals, the play simulta- 
neously examines the shared life of 
the family and the fortunes of its 
separate members. Blanche, the 
s r ler, - i * enco ! ira ging the attentions 
of an Irish neighbour; her daughter 
Nora wants to leave school and 
wke her chance in show business. 
Stanley, Jack's eldest son, comes 


Dance 


threat of the sack. Put like that, it 
sounds like the small change of 
domestic situation-comedy. But 
there are iwo elements that trans- 
form n into something at once 
much funnier and more serious. 

The first is Simon’s use of the 
younger brother, the !5-year-oId 
Eugene, as bis spokesman. In the 
lirsi torments of puherty (dropping 
nis napkin so as lo spy on Nora's 
legs under the table) and rage 
against his illogical parents (“Stop 
that yapping”, his mother barks- 
Ive got a cake in the oven”), 
Eugene treats the audience as the 
ideal court of appeal for which 
adolescence always veams. He is 
also temperamentally a waicher 
not only of any female flesh caught 
unawares in the bathroom, but of 
the miniature political dramas 


enacted through every room of the 
house — and also, needless to say, 
of himself. “As long as I didn’t get 
blamed. I didn’t feel loo bad” he 
confesses”; then adds, with the self- 
sausfaction of a keen observer *T 
discovered a streak of selfishness in 
myseir. 

It goes without saving that 
Eugene also sees himself as a 
wnier, but this is yet another comic 
element. The comparison with 
Adrian Mole is platitudinous but 
irresistible. The idea of spying, and 
wnung it down. is. fbr Eugene as 
for Adrian, a means of putting an 
aloof distance between himselfand 
these people he happens to have 
been condemned to live with- it 
goes along with the orphan fantasy 
which he also raises as if nobody 
else had ever thought of it With his 
ill-fitting knickerbockers and ac- 


cusing, bespectacled gaze. Steven 
Mackintosh's Eugene is a truthfully 
hilarious embodiment of die Iasi 
days of childhood. 

Simultaneously, as Eugene 
comes into comic focus so do the 
lives upon which he is focusing; 
and Simon has organized these so 
as to present an ever-widening 
senes of social circles. There is the 
narrow circle of the family itself; 
beyond that there is the outside 
world of opponunity and defeat - 
with Stanley running the danger of 
losing his job by challenging his 
bullying boss. The row over 
Blanche’s new man brings Irish- 
Jewish hostilities into the fore- 
ground. Meanwhile, news that a 
party of Polish refugee relatives are 
due to descend on the family 
stretches the net out to'the limit. 
Beginning with a family. Simon 


. JV.UU01LH /tUBU 

Coote seized the platform 

‘5!wS£ B < on Well wo rth a wi de showing I Fires of London/ 

Human Rights, in which cansp A — — O yCODUTy 

she whs ahMtoa k„ it — A iuum i.j inufl B fLwjiaiaiw Elizabeth Hall 


Concerts 


ends up by writing about his 1 
country. 

The tone throughout, even in’ 
passages on the brink of sentimen- 1 
lality, is utterly secure. Characters 
who seem sketchily drawn all 
spring lo life when iheir moment - 
amves: particularly so in the case . 
of Alison Fiske's poor-relation i 
Blanche who blazes up like a long - 1 
smouldering rocket in a climactic I 
row with her sister. As usually with » 
Simon, the scenes are mainlv laid 1 
out as duologues, but they 'offer! 
prolonged chains of thriftv comic 1 
invention and. in Michael Rud-‘ 
man's production, each two-char- - 
acter encounier appears in the • 
context of the whole life of the 
house. There are times when the ■ 
very furniture seems to be breath- : 

mg. i 

Irving Wardle : 


-r—" v.unrcuiHHl (|Q 

Human Rights, in which cause 
she was abetted by Harriet 
Hannan MP, Lord Scannan 
and aiL 

.I.™? Gjmmd Secretary of 
the NTXX rehearsed a Kt- 
any of allegedly repressive 
legislation, there were shots of 

freezing coppers In the snow of 

Molesworth and we saw ! 
stretches of well-picketed ra- 
zor-wire somewhere in east 
London. Miss Coote did not 
help her case by omitting to 
mention, in a round-op of 
“retrospective legislation”, 
that Norman Fowler’s high- 
handed mistreatment of Social 
Security claimants, has been 
reversed by the courts (which 
aroK-ly demonstrates the con- 
tinuing efficacy of judicial 
safeguards), while her state- 
ment that “most people have 
to rely on legal aid” to get 
satisfaction in dril suits b 
flatly untrue: most of us (and I 
suspect this includes Miss 
Coote herself) earn (no much 
to qualify for thh dubious 
safety net. 

Martin Cropper 


Aninta 

San Carlo, Naples 


menied each other in a tense, playing. The insimm^nTc 
■ & limed handsomely; the play- 

dS’SiiTrsa.aE — s & 


and ^ 

Sundays too Hr 

ASTORIA THEATRE! 


f Well, the two greatest mat* 
- dancers of our time have both 
: deckled to cast themselves as 
grey-haired £i there in their 
■ latest ballets (I must add that 
’ they both need to powder their 
; heads for it). Rudolf Nureyev 
plays the doctor in his produc- 
tion of Washington Square at 
the Paris Opera and Vladimir 
Vasstliev is the widowed Piotr 
Leontievich in his Aniuta in 
Naples. 

You could translate Aniuta 
freely and facetiously as “Lit- 
tle Orphan Annie”. The Che- 
khov short story on which it ts 
based is called Anna round his 
neck, a punning reference to 
the troubles its heroine brings 
on her husband and to the 
award he dreams of the 
ribbon and cross of the Order 
of St Anna. Helpfully, the San 
Carlo programme prints an 
Italian translation of the com- 
plete tale, but I think anyone 
could follow the action with- 
out that help. 

It concerns Annie who. 
when her musician father 
takes to drink after his wife's 
death and neglects his work, 
sacrifices herself to marriage 1 
with a pompons little govern- 1 
meat official for the family's ‘ 
sake. But be is too mean to ' 
help daddy and her little j 
brothers. Saddened, she bios- * 
soms only at a local charity 1 


.. ;V ; . ^ : r ;M 


The Fires of London are 
victims of their own success. 
Having built up a reputation 


dent front his vivid handling 
of that huge opening theme. 
The dynamic range he squee- 
zed out of it was enormous, 
the prominence given to tune 
over background possibly a 


S&jSlFk- I he f insl r um « n » hear and will take the time to : 
ghnted handsomely; the play- listen. Hemsley realizes, for 

CTS iPThniflllP cniinr1iv4 4 ki« < ■ r- ■ 1 


rusty. 

Inevitably Haydn’s Sym- 


insiance. that Schubert knewi 
exactly what he was doing irr ; 
making the most demands on • 




:.V;r 

W 



a up a icpuianon over background oossibfv a 

W s f ade bfetT Tinted 

ose much of their audience these qualities re-emereed. hm 
when there is not a Maxwell .. JL {.aT 5?! 


„ h oc J j roaming me most demands on • 

r . seemwl some- the voice just where he wanted 
what prefalory to the main to arrest the ear. By eivine 
entertainment; yet the perfor- each awkward interval its due 

‘W ““'S' 


when there is not a Maxwell 
Davies spectacular on the bill. 
On Tuesday night this was a 
problem both for them and for 
us, since musical communica- 
tion becomes hazardous 


it was his extraordinarily 
clean-cut phrasing that most 
caught the ear. Greatly in 
evidence was that familiar 
impatient flick of the left 
wnst: the Solti signal that one 


™i! ed - -i ad T I ? 1 ? Iiy r deft hnes like the final couplets of 
touches The Trios famous “irriicht" and “Rast". or 

ulh? S Ki° Was ^ e ,vere ^ Wllha where register strains in 
and considerable pain or defiance, Hemslev 
style by Robert Truman. achieves Schubert’s aim of 

Richard Morrison S**" 8 t l* e ,ines a P an as 

biting, epigrammatic monos. 

^ His entirely musical con- 


wnst ute ooiti signal that one inuuos. 

S.^?S yr0 ^| 0f f" 1 ^ Phrase has been signed, sestiS H'S entirely musical con- 

seats. But they still pleased and delivered, and another is /\ 7 m . i ventration on phrasing and 

° f ? aboul 10 51311 There were few Fl?®Siey/V IgnoICS timing has its effect, too. in the 

SJ? mus,c - c °ropleted by attempts to smooth over the- Wlgmore Hall lon& le , r7n - How efl *-'t've, for 

an outrageous novelty. malic tnnititikn. ^ example, his echo in “Der 


“ •— hw ■ graft 

Waimhtgsparkofhamoar: Vladimir Vassitievatthe m i 


ball where her beauty and 
innocent flirtatiousness turn 


uuu taiung uaxes; or earlier when 
GovCTnor™ C ^ D< ^ D ^ ^ n ? emor t e s of his dead wife set 


— w v* uiv 

Governor. 

The balance between come- 


but still able to delight in the 
felling flakes; or earlier, when 


-viapiVbVU UJ 

an outrageous novelty. 

This was Excuse Me, a 
dance in which Davies joins 
hands with Charles Dibdin. 
Bv comparison with the treat- 
ment he has handed out to 
Purcell and Handel, this was a 
benign espousal of the English 
past the vernacular tradition 
has, after all, fewer preten- 
sions to prick. Of course, his 
four Dibdin songs do not go 
without considerable alter- 


matic transitions which — 

M?Sd hin,Se ' fde,iberaKly David Wilson-Johnson 

te'wonhd ta 


winded and a little loo calcu- 
lating for such intense out- 
pourings (Bruckner’s “funeral 
music” for his revered Wag- 
ner, after all). But as the 
movement progressed Solti's 
refusal lo sentimentalize, and 
his unmatchable ear for rich 


him dancing, gently, graceful- 
ly- the memory of a youth in a 


- — . „ u,s uumaicnaote ear tor rich 

JE-K* 1 * a T Tan ® ed for orchestral fortes that stop just 

?e“d,°T^ d S pa ll c d iS 

music 8 ” ilfS? of cxartly graded 


Hu an V T‘ • . 3 ' liicuiuiy OI a youut in a ,„i„- ■4. e- , a . r ;; r — ■■•**■«* me climax, reached 

dy and trapxfy is very nicely greybeard's body. t rU " J w,thlhe v 'a a series of exactly graded 

because . 11 is much lo the credit of J“ ld ^ ist0 ? d crescendos, will long linger in 

thn* leading characters show the San Carlo company that ? na offu Sjokes. But the the memory: even the cymbal 

y^bleal- they hold their own with such benefit'nfSiSrinr 1 ^ 10 ^ player ’ havin S delivered^ his 
admira t le * Sfens. Agostino (TAloia as the L 5 ^H^° / 5 C ? ftsrr,an " controversial contribution, 

Eakatenna Maximova makes poor student and Fulvio JbiP. 30 **. roodeni disharmony; seemed reluctant to sit down 

o^ , i^ 1C Sl yOUD88lriin !5 a e d ’Albero as the most dariting ^ .cofieague's and resume his eteroai viril 

opemne scenes, nuis a n f h«. — ■ , ^ side. What results is a nni.-ai « r . ** : 


crescendos, will long linger in 
the memory: even the cymbal 
player, having delivered his 


. — : i«ui uuucdi ana ruivto tv. - y. — 

a convincing young girl in the d'Albero as the most dashina 1 »J S on f J ,s .colleague’s 
opening scenes, puls a soft of her admirers both cope Sld? ' Wliat a cynical 

bloom on a love duet with the unruffled bv the trickv nart- 0811031 “ rc 9 f roarnage, a mad 
poor student whom she relin- nering which their duets with ~ U ' 

auisttes tor hw msmaa. onH J • 


Make sure of your copy of 

TLS 

The limes Literary Supplement 


flituKrao 6.. L ■ . j ,® UKTIT UUCI5 WIIU 

SJ5J2, „ ? CT . rorortage, and Maximova demand. D'Albero 

SSSSf r feS 1118 ^ “ ^ b 35 soroe nippy solos too, and 
ballroom emsode. several other dancere stand 


tt___ ,kT ” Oincr uancers stand 
_ “Sf Ilf ru 9 s a 8®™“* of out in brief roles, not least 

^S?2LS2 ,n J s f y u Sur ?!]! se 40 Mar Bherita Veneruso as a 
exhilarated delight, from a pretty skater. 

duet that carefully keeps a Violetta Bvin has just taken 

dSSSS 1 * l°^ U T al ft charge of the ballet company. 

Aoyow who remembers her 
enthusiasm of two eager offi- as a ballerina with the Rova! 

5 alIet for ils fir51 decade 'at 
ofHts Excellency himself. On Covent Garden - the only 


show her still a prodigious 
virtuoso and a subtle stylist. 


run for her money — will be 
unsurprised to know that, 


THE TIMES 


Tk- J H uusuipnscu io snow mat, 

raon,orab,e m °- returning to ballet after years 
mem of all is when, neannear- of Hnm»i;ra n , .u, I 


Education! Supplement 
TheTimes Higher Education 

Supplement 

by taking out a subscription today. 
Simply complete and return the 
coupon below with your cheque/ 
postal order, made payable to 
The Times Supplements. 

Please send me a year’s. 6 months' subscription to: 


ment of all is when, reapj 
ing with the Governor al 


of domesticity, she sees her 
first priority as raising stan- 


< ft Dk dard s of professionali^n and 
with attention more than morale. She has good material 
wine, she teeters with tipsy to work with. 

OniVltv Hfinm n -.f • • • 


gravity down a short flight of A problem is that they fn ^ omeQ1 out there it could 
rteps. dance seldom excent in thp well have been the fault of the 

Gali AbaiduJov. another operas. After the short ran^f ^ Pfrcussionist that the 
Russian guest (from the Maly Aniuta . there are no more “P 5 and shapes sounded like 
Balletin Leningrad), proves ballet nights until June, when !Li? iany mer L 51gna ! s - Tfrc 
the perfect foil as her silly Carla Fracci will dance in a challenging scherzo has an 
husband Modest. With a bald- new Romeo and Juliet For the '? pressi vc . harmonic round- 
ing dome to his long head, and 1 986-87 season Elvin has b^n 5 dn S ? “ d beautiful liquid 


scene (inevitable, perhaps, but 
effective), a lament and a 
drunken ditty, this last cut off 
for a coda of extraordinary 
pathos where the cello sings 
the tune of the lament, joined 
by high violin in what is 
perhaps Davies’s fond fare- 
well to the comprehensible 
anxieties of the 1790s. 

The other new piece was 
much more serious. Having 
Contributed one strong work 
to the Fires’ repertory, Philip 
Grange was invited back for a 
second, and has produced in 
his Variations a piece that is 
formally ingenious, full of 
imagination, ofien very lively 
and yet consistently in ear- 
nest- The only false note was 
struck in the opening slow 
movement, but there it could 
well have been the fault of the 
weak percussionist that the 


A fine performance by the 
London Philharmonic Orch- 
estra was marred only by some 
nondescript Wagner-tuba 


songs in the poet Muller’s 
revised order rather than 
Schubert’s allegedly arbitrary 
one. Thomas Hemsley, now 
celebrating the thirty-fifth an- 
niversary of his first London 
song recital, has done it both 
ways. The conviction with 
which he not only states but 
in his seemingly ageless bari- 
tone, realizes his preference 
for Schubert’s order is abso- 
lute. Tuesday's performance 
was outstanding in its cul- 
mi native power and integrity. 

He justifies his choice in 
purely musical terms. He 
proves that there is no need to 
give the words the microscope 
treatment* Schubert’s very 
settings activate them if only 
the performer has the ears to 


example, his echo in “Der 
Wegweiser" of the repeated 
notes of the very first song, 
now given a new and fearsome 
context by cunning pacing and 
emphasis. In this Roger 
Vtgnoles played no small part 
His understanding of- the 
chemistry of the work is 
already as deeply assimilated 
as Hemsley’s; his fingers, no- 
tably in the volatile triplets of 
“Erstaming” and in his richly 
variegated handful of fallen 
leaves in “Letzte Hoffnung”. 
are bold and athletic servants 
of his mind. 

On one point only did I 
remain unconvinced. In a 
performance of such sustained 
insight there can be no justifi- 
cation for stopping half-wav. 
Long applause and an even 
longer interval are poor sub- 
stitutes for the shock of the 
posihorn's call. 


Hilary Finch 




— uouci n ignis untu June, when — * — : •*«. 

the perfect foil as her silly Carla Fracci will dance in a f ha ^ en £? n 8 scherzo has an 
husband Modest With a bald- new Romeo and Juliet For the !? pressi vc . harmonic round- 
ing dome to his long head, and 1 986-87 season Elvin has been Uquid 

f* fc c °^ r1able Vttfe paunch promised three ballrt pS! the finale brings 

(the former genuine, the latter grammes; she wants to in- 1 % e,her ^ ^hs^ces of the 
arafioal). be holds himself in crease that in sttbseouent olher m ,?. vomenls ,n 8 P^g- 
stiff dignity but moves with years to four, to tSSilTa Jf.u 1 co,i ! s,on *. This is alto- 
surpnsing spnghtimess. When repertoire, build up Italian C t ftlll ,,ece - thal < S” a nds to 
he finally gets the medal he dancers and undertake tours. ,li u 83 ^ 

wants ' negligently handed Aniuta should help with Nyhcol* * S»t«, whose sei> 

nvAr Kv f ho rUiroMA* - .. r nnn nmnrman^ fnnU am a 


THE FIR 




__ wcuiii ik uancers ana unaertajee tours. 

wants ' n^ligentiy handed Aniuta should help wfth N®rthcoti s Sextet, whose sec- 
over by the Governor as a that. It is well worth showing t0ok one 8 

little sweetener fats joy knows more widely. Valeri Gavrilin's 11 e fiirtber suave, 

no bounds. Well, almost none: score is atiracti ve, tunefu L not SU p rt ^ Ve i^ D L a,ld 115 W1L 
he does remember to offer very deep but aood liahi _ ^or tnerest, there was more 
only his little finger for under- music. Bella kJE?m!£ Si’S.-Sf? 1 ? n, . pbe t. ,lc " 
tings to shake in congratula- evich’s costumes are stvlish. o p ? ed & Slephen Pnis- 
no ™* and her settings allow the Hymnas and the i 

Vasslliev has mum mod nf ■ _n <- eariv Clarinet Sonata with 


□ The TLS. 

□ TheTES. 


□ TheTHES. 


Address 


I enclose a cheque/PO for 
£40.00- &20.00 

I enclose a cheque/PO fc«* 
£36.00, £ 18.00 

1 enclose a cheque, TO for 
£33.00 £16.50 


" *“““«• . ^ruuia snouia neip with 

over by the Governor as a that. It is well worth showing 
knows more ^dely. Valeri Gavrilin'f 
no bounds. Well, almost note: score is attractive, tuneful, not 

^K d ^,i^i"l^r,“.. 0 !5 r v <^. d«P. but good ligh, 


— ,7 ■ . anu «ct sellings allow the 

Vassiliev has given most of action to move quickly from 
the dancing to these two and one scene to another. 


tin. played Hymnos and the 
early Clarinet Sonata with 


the dancing to these two and 
to the local company, but his 
own performance is unmistak- 


Vassiliev has adapted the 
ballefs structure from an ear- 


Sertd io • m 

Times Newspapers Limited. B 

Supplements Subscription Manager, B 

Priory House. Si John's Lane. 

^^zmdonEClMlBX 


ow., ir ,, u 5 s«™ciure from an ear- 

aWya starring rote for all that tier film ballet by Alexander 
With spectacles perched pre- Belinsky, but the two-act g*am» 
canously way down his nose, version is about twice the 
neatly bearded and in suits length, with extra scenes and 
that gi ve him a faintly neglect- ail new choreography. The 
ed look, herons to seed before characterizations are effected 
your eyes but still maintains a more in dance than acting, 
warming spark ofhumoun. and the plot unfolds with the 
At the ban, after dancing clarity, swiftness and deliber- 
with innumerable young ate exaggeration of a strip 
vromen and then wandering cartoon. The Neapolitan audi- , 
on to pretend to conduct the ence. usually more interested 
band, he eventually has to be in opera, responded enthusias- 
camcd out feet first because of tically. For the Russian guests 
toasting Annie’s success a and the local dancm alike, a 
little too enthusiastically. Yet definite success, and for the 
nis greatest moments are new ballet director a most 
touching ones: trudging auspicious beginning 
through snow with his young 

sons, evicted from their home John Perdval 


early Clarinet Sonata with 
firmly dedicated mastery, and 
the Seven In Nomine were 
tom out of the air by the 
evening’s conductor, Nicholas 
Cleobury. 

Paul Griffiths 



LPO/Solti 

Festival Hall 

Tough, derisive and lean. Sir 
Georg Solti's view of Bruck- 
| ner's Symphony No 7 com- 
pelled attention precisely 
because it seemed to cut 
against the music's natural 
gram. Bruckner the creator of 
lyrically expansive, epic para- 
graphs: Solti the master of 
sudden impact they comple- 


(8.25 am every morning), 

They also announce the senice of a hoi breakfast. 


air CANADA 








l. i^utv>Jru\ x ' i iyuw 


SPECTRUM 


Winner in the Filipino power game 


■■■■THE TIMESHMM 

PROFILE 






BIOGRAP 


i A mid the turbulence of 

- /m poises in the Philip- 
LA pines. Salvador Laurel, 

; l ■ appointed yesterday by 
Corazon Aquino as her 
vice-president, prime minister 
and foreign minister, represents a 
stabilizing if paradoxical link with 
/ the past. 

! For Laurel comes from a distin- 
„guished family which counts a 
-'president, ambassador and pro- 
1 vincial governors among its for- 
bears. The irony of the present 
' situation is that had it not been for 

- the assassination of his old friend 
Benigno Aquino in 1983. the two 

- men might even now have been 


SALVADOR LAUREL 


IS MY 


. .*<* i.. : .. t. ■ ■ ■ - -• 

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Bom: November 18 1928. ' 
Mamed to Celia Franco Dez. 
Eight chfldren. 


vying for office, renewing the kind 
'of political activity that has not 
- been possible since the iniroduc- 
„tion of martial law in 1972 by 
theformer president. Ferdinand 
“ Marcos. 

It was in 1972 that the bicamer- 
al House of Congress was dis- 
solved and Laurel entered a 
political wilderness. Seven years 
. previously “Doy” Laurel's older 
brother Jose, as speaker of the 
T. House of Representatives, had 
ensured for Marcos the presiden- 
tial nomination and election. 

In 1971 Marcos dumped the 
‘older Laurel as speaker, but his 
. enemies continue to blame the 
family for their part in the making 
. of the president The complexities 
in the relationship between the 
.'Laurel and Marcos families are 
compounded by the fact that the 
-ex-president owes his life — three 
_ times, by his own account — to the 
. Laurels. 

In 1939 Jose P. Laurel Senior, 
the new prime minister's father, as 
chief justice drafted the Supreme 
Court judgement that acquitted 
' Marcos of the murder of a political 
rival. Later, as president during 
‘ the war-time occupation, he twice 
„ secured Marcos's escape from the 
- Japanese police, who were hunting 
the young partisan leader. 


In the final months the family 
were evacuated to Tokyo, and 
among their group was Benigno 
Aquino Senior, who served in the 
occupation government Young 
Doy was at school there, bead 
shaven, speaking Japanese, with 
children of other government 
officials whose fathers worked for 
administrations in countries occu- 
pied by Japan. 

After the war Doy's hither and 
others were tried as collaborators. 
Doy himself remains convinced 
that if there had been a verdict his 
father would have been acquitted; 
in the event Manuel Roxas, then 
president, issued a general amnes- 
ty and Jose P. Laurel Senior was 
freed. 

The issue of collaboration re- 
mained dead in the Philippines 
until Marcos's campaign manag- 
ers resurrected it in an attempt to 
counter allegations of the 
president's faked war record as a 
“hero of the guerrilla resistance to 
the Japanese." 

As his family and the majority 





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1967: Senator of the Repubfc (unS 
.1973) 

1968: International representative, 
atthe United Nations - 












jurisprudence; founder of 


the Citizens' Aid Leo* - v- 
Satiety; dkector.of top r 
toremationaf LagtfAkf' ■ 
Association; member 
Integrated BaroHhe ‘- 
Pru»ppines,andYateCfa5- 
ofttiePWfippines.^- 
1981: Leader of UNKX) {United - 
Nationalist Democrat** 
Orgarwa&on). 

1986; Prtmcrramstef of tier 

Philippines., 


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although drenched in youthful 
utopianism, seems paniculariy apt 
today in the wake of his nation's 
deliverance from its dictator 
"And when that feteful day of 
reckoning shall come, when I shall 
reap the whirlwind of the wind 
you have sown, when brother shall 
kill brother, rich against poor, 
landlord against tenant, bold 
against bullet, law against lawless- 
ness, when the whole countryside 
shall be red with blood, blade with 
half and dreary with desola t ion. I 
shall use the last ounce of my 
strength to crawl over your grave 
and vomit upon it the bile of my 
hate and the venom of my 
righteous ingratitude, in' final 
tribute to your eternal memory” 


gross abolished, Jan J a& news 
media with a dissenting voice 

joke doing the raun^in ManSaS 
the thne described the country as 
**a nation of 40 million cowards 
and one son of a bitch”/ * ‘ ' 

By tins time Doy w. in the 
Uniied States, having escaped the 
arrest that so tnahyofMs country- 
men endured. Towards the epdof 


deal of iris time trying to mobilize 
support for his "Tmnl Force" 


Power at last: Salvador LanreL right-hand man to Corazon Aquino 


of Filipinos see it. Laurel pin was 
only doing his duty, protecting his 
compatriots caught between the 
hammer of the Japanese invader 
and the anvil of the American 
liberator. 

In 1949 the old man did try to 
make a comeback as an elected 
president His son believes that he 
had sufficient popularity to win. 
But He adds with ironical topical- 
ity. "it was a crooked, bloody 
election”. 

Young Doy is now 57, and was 
the original choice for presidential 
candidate of Unido. the biggest 
opposition grouping in the Filipi- 
no parliament. Towards the end of 
martial law in 1 978 he was elected 
an MP. but he did not follow 
Marcos into the breakaway New 
Society party, and has since set 
himself at a distance from the 
politics of those years. 


None the less, other opposition 
parties regarded him as being too 
closely identified with the old 
retime, and he was eventually 
ofc'iged to stand down in favour of 
Mrs Aquino. He has thus come to 
occupy a peculiar common 
ground between the Aquino fam- 
ily and the late presidency which it 
so bitterly, and fatally, opposed. 

During the election campaign. 
Laurel's political views were no- 
where in evidence. He confined 
himself to attacking Marcos's 
record on everything from human 
rights to the economy. Given his 
family's strong ties with the 
Marcos family, however, there 
were suggestions during the cam- 
paign that he might join the 
Marcos ticket as vice-president, if 
the incumbent president looked 
likely to attract enough support It 
would certainly have suited the 


interests of both, and Marcos 
never denied it 

Laurel has always been ambi- 
tious for high political office. It is- 
difficult to identify his specific 
political beliefs, although he can 
be expected to take a conservative 
attitude to the American bases on 
the Philippines. He is also seen as 
the politician with the closest ties 
to Japan, through his father, and is 
clearly seen as an "asset" by 
Tokyo. 

A short muscular man with a 
dark and powerful voice, Doy 
hails from Ba tan gas province, 
south of Manila, whose sons are 
noted for their fiery disposition. 


His family can trace its ancestry to 
a scion of the Sultanate of Brunei 
before the arrival of the Spaniards 
in the Philippines. 

Doy's boyhood was spent in a 
strict household. As a student of 


the violin, his earliest ambition 
was to become a professional 
musician, but the impulse waned 
on the night when he had to play 
for some dinner guests and discov- 
ered to his dismay that musicians 
eat last on such occasions. His 
father urged him to take up 
medicine, but law proved a more 
attractive option, and be left to 
take a master’s degree at Yale. 

By 1949 the politician within 
him had started to assert itself 
when he won the inter-university 
oratorical competition sponsored 
by the Civil Liberties Union with 
a contribution called "Child of 
Perfidy”; it was a dear forerunner 
of the modem style of Doy 
oratory, laying siege to the older 
generation of Filipinos just as he 
has more recently done to- the 
Marcos presidency. 

One section of that speech. 


T he stigma of baying had 
a collaborationist rather 
contributed more than 
anything else to Doy’s 
early militancy. By 1966 
he had founded the Citizens 1 Legal 
Aid Society — payment for which 
was frequently made in the form 
of two chickens or a basket of eggs 
— and 10 years later that initiative 
earned him the- award of "most 
outstanding legal aid lawyer of the 
year" by the International Bar 
Association in Stockholm. 

In the same year he became one 
of the two youngest senators in the 
Philippines (Benigno Aquino was 
the other) and articulated the 
public desire for reform witlr a 
speech called “The Seven Impera- 
tives of Change" before the Ma- 
nila Rotary Club in 1970. . 

The introduction of martial law 
in the Philippines m 1972 her-, 
aided a blade dawn for any 
politician not closely and overtly 
linked with the politics of Presi- 
dent Marcos. Not only was Con- 


support for his **Thini' Force" 
coraxpt coder the banner of the 
Nationalism Party. '-I 

Six years ago Laurel opposed 
Marcos's reding New Satiety 
Movement machine m the- focai 
Balangas efcdion, wfnefr, with its 
snatdred baQot boxes and violent 
cajoling of the efcctcmttc, wasa sad 
precursor of the events of fee past 
weeks. - ; 

For Salvador LanreL no less 
than for his compatriots now 
deeply dfaeadmnted with die 
president's increasingly dictatorial 
style, 1983 and the Aquino mur- 
der was the cracmF cstafoL Doy 
was m the forefront the street 
protests casing for Marcos's resig- 
nation and a vital elem ent in the 
erosion of New Society support in 
the local ejections the-fofiowmg 
year. 


International outrage at the 
conduct of the preskuntxaT elec- 
tion, the "palace-rtvoft" by.Fkid 
Ramos ami Juan Ponce Enrife, 
and the induction of a martyr's 
widow have all served txTprovqde 
Laurel with an acceptability^ for 
whieb be has been craving smee 
the Second World War. 


David Watte and 
Alan Franks 


A rose from the ashes 


tht. 

Di J> 
lor 

cla ;> 

do a t 

XV« « ■ . 


The Army can help 
educate your of fepring. 

In more ways than one. 


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The Army needs well educated 
Officers and we’re prepared to help 
bright people up the ladder of 
success. 

A way to A levels. 

We will help boys and girls who 
have the qualities of potential 
Officers while they study for'A' levels, 
with a grant of £250 a term. 

When they pass their A' level 
exams they’re guaranteed a place at 
Sandhurst and paid the going rate 
while they're being trained. 


levels they too are guaranteed a 
place at Sandhurst 

And yet anothen 

If you have a technically minded 
son between the ages of lf> and I7 1 /* 
and he can meet the requirements 
for a Science Scholarship (see box) 
he could be eligible for Welbeck. 


training course at Sandhurst to 
confirm their commission. 


THE REQUIREMENTS FOR 
AN UNDERGRADUATE 
CADETSHIP. 


WHAT IS NEEDED TO 
GET A 1 YEAR SCIENCE 
SCHOLARSHIP. 


WHAT IS REQUIRED TO 
GET A SHOT AT A 2 YEAR 
ARMY SCHOLARSHIP. 


Interviews are held in the Spring 
and Autumn for boys, and just in 
the Autumn for girls. The purpose 
is to discover whether applicants 
have the potential to become Army 
Officers. 

At the time of their application 
they must be between 16 years 
and 16 years 6 months. And must 
have, or be expecting, at least 
five high grade ‘O' levels, including 
English Language. Maths and a 
science or foreign language. 


The applicant must have excellent 
grades in ‘O’ level Maths. Physics. 
English and at least two other sub- 
jeas. And have the ability to con- 
vince an interview board that he 
has got what it takes to be an 
Army Officer. 


The applicant must be over 17 and 
intend to graduate before 25; be 
at or have been promised a place 
at, a university, polytechnic or 
college of higher education ; be able 
to pass the Army’s 3-day Officer 
Selection Board and be willing to 
serve at least 5 years as an Officer 
(including the course at Sandhurst). 


Just two horn* after the Maze 
that reduced the south tran- 
sept ofTfork Minster to a 
charred and blackened shell, 
Peter Gibson was strapped to 
a fire brigade ladder and 
hoisted 100 feet into the air to 
inspect the damage to foe 
stained glass of foie historic 
rose window. 

The right that greeted him 
could hardly have been worse. 
The 8,000 sections of glass 
that formed the intricate pat- 
tern of the window had 
cracked and splintered into 
40,000 fragments. Many of foe 
soldered joints boldmg them in 
place had melted. 

“It was heartbreaking” 
said Mr Gibson, Superinten- 
dent of foe York Glaziers 
Trust. “The minster is more 
than jast a boOding to those of 
os who work on it It is a large 
I part of onr fires, and foe 
I window itself was as badly 
1 damaged as it coaid be without 
being totally destroyed. Re- 
storing it to all its okf glory 
wo old be the most challenging 
conservation task involving 
stained glass this century.” 


How restoration work by a small team 
of craftsmen is heMingthe damage 
caused to York Minster by lightning 


V 


Cs*a 

r *ir<? - 

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iw' 



into position and a 2Smph 
wind, wa* totting through ; t$e 
scaffolding. “Despite the cav~ 
-er,iHfti& nuns to and foe snow 
is Mown through", he said. 

It’s been a long hand wilder, 
and there are times when you 
coald erase the place. When a 
job is finished and yon step 
back and look at it, then it's a 
different feeling." 

The restoration will cost 
between 0 ndfiion and £5 
nuHhm and iffl take * farther 
three years to complete. The 
bill wifi be met by foe Ecclesi- 
astical Insurance Fond; public 
donations of-£5MMMN> have 
been used to iastafi an upgrad- 
ed lightning conductor, sys- 
tem. 


Back to fife: the lovingly restored stained-glass window 


However, this doesn't preclude 
university. 

Another wajc 

Boys who are already embarked 
on ‘A' level courses in Maths and the 
sciences can apply for one of the 
thirty Science Scholarships we 
award each Spring. 

The object is to help potential 
Officers on their wav to a career in 
one of the Army's technical corps 
with a scholarship for one year at 
£ 250 a term. 

(Boys from both fee-paying 
and non fee-paying schools are 
eligible.) 

When they complete their A' 


Welbeck is an exclusive, resi- 
dential, tith form college in the 
Nottinghamshire countryside run 
by the Army. 

The curriculum is designed to 
equip students for careers as Officers 
in the technical corps. 

Again, on completion of A' levels, 
the student is guaranteed a place at 
Sandhurst ■ 

About two thirds of the students 
go on to complete a degree course, 
the majority at Shrivenham, the 
Royal Military College of Science, 
although some may compete for 
places at a civil university. 

Two other ways to 
a university degree. 

If your son aims to get a degree 
and wishes to become a Regular 
Army Officeq hecan try for an Under- 
graduate Cadetship. 

The requirements are demand- 
ing but successful applicants get a 
probationary commission and their 
tuition paid, plus at least .L'oJTifi pa. 

When they finish their degree 
course they go on to an Officers 


On the other hand, if your son or 
daughter is already reading for 
a degree, he or she could apply for a 
Bursary. This amounts to .£900 a 
year, is tax free and additional to any 
education authority grants. 

It is intended to help people who 
want careers as Army Officers to 
complete their degree courses. Appli- 
cants have to meet the challenge of 
the Army's three-day Officer Selec- 
tion Board. 

On graduation Bursars also do 
the seven months Officer training 
course at Sandhurst On completion 
of which they can take up either a 3 
year Short Service Commission or a 
Regular Commission. 

At the end of a Short Service 
Commission, a useful tax-free gratu- 
ity is paid. A Regular Commission is 
pensionable. 

Can we help you? 

Write to Majorjohn Floyd, Array 
Officer Entry, Dept F618, Empress 
State Building, Lillie Road, London 
SW6 ITR. 

Tell him your sot or daughter’s 
date of birth, school and academic 
qualifications and we will clarify and 
expand on what we have to offer 


‘This building 
gets to you’ 

Twenty months after the 


Many of .foe most experi- 
enced men have been on foe 
workforce since they left 
school, and remain despfte the 
temptations of higher wage 
packets outside. They share a 
feeling that they are creating 
history. 


designs, foe six winning en- 
tries to be carved on bosses. 
Some of the winners depict 


Twenty months after the Only half a dozen of foe 
blare swept throngfa foe 13th original bosses from the 
century transept m foe early b olte d ceiling were saved, and 


boors of July 9 1984, foe speed more than 60 new ones are 
and extent of the transforms- being hand-carved by foe 


tion has been remarkable. 

It has been achieved by foe 


minster's bead carver Geoff 
Butler and his assistant. The 


careful marrying of modern small oak bosses, 22in in 
bailding techniques to sltilb diameter, each take np to three 


that have changed tittle over weeks to finish and the larger 

.1 : in. s_ j- * . *V _ 


the centuries. 

A de dic ated b u t s u rpri singly 
small fence of stonemasons, 
wood carvers, joiners and gla- 
ziers has worked non-stop. 
They have removed all evi- 
dence of fire damage and have 
began to rebuild the roof and 


ones, 36ia in diameter, take 
six weeks. It wifi take up to 
three years to complete them 
alL 

TTie original bosses featured 
a simple foliage design, bat 
their 20th-century replace- 
ment wifi be mock .more 


... . r , — - - — ik macs .more 

Ite elaborate ranted cdhng, elaborate. The children'* tele- 
vr l“ **» ^ oak vision programme Hue Peter 

nbs and hand-carved bosses, asked its viewers to submit 


CONCISE CROSSWORD (NO 886) 


ACROSS 

8 Asa result (2. II > 

9 Sea inlet (3) 

10 Blackmail (9) 

It Bump(S) 

13 Solo musical act (7) 

14 Stimulated (7) 

19 Military walk (5) 

22 Soothing (9) 

24 Congest (3| 

25 Distartring(13) 


Geoff Batter has worked on. 
■ the minster for 21 years. "I 
could earn for more in indns- 
try outride, but foe satisfac- 
tion that this work gives me is 
worth foe drop in wages. I 
don't think any of ns on . foe 
workforce are particnlaiiy.reii- 
ghxis. But there is something 
aboHt this building that gets to 
you." 

The fire also damaged much 
of the stone in the gable 
bearing foe rose window, and 
a team of 15 masons has 
replaced 70 tons of foe wall 
and a farther 50 tons of foe 
central archway. 

The mam effort is now 
concentrated on the external 
roof and the erection of the 
first of foe ribs and bosses that 

wifi form the new bolted 
ceiling. The work is talcing 
place 100ft above the streets of 
York beneath a temporary, 
sliding plastic root 

In charge is Bill Clay, the 
54-year-old foreman joitaer, 
who has been on the 
workforce for Id years. When 
I visited foe minster, foe 
temporary roof bad hew 
opened to allow the crane to 
lower four of foe oak frames 


Many of foe repairs are still 
nude* cover but foe spectacu- 
lar snccess in the restoration 
of the rose window is there for 
all to see. Seme 39 panels have 
been repaired, half the ' win- 
dow, and it has gone oa 
display m the chapter honse. 

The repairs to tile window 
aid barely risible, a testimony 
to foe soccess of the method off 
glaeing the fragments together 
with a special adhesive and 
then sandwiching than - be- 
tween two layers of dear glass 
before reteading. The remain- 
ing panels will be completed 
by the late sommer. 


Tam just part 
of a chain’ 


Many of the men working 
on foe restoration are deter- 
mined to -leave- foeir oten 
mark, their initials; --^ ihrfr 
names or a symbol on the 
section of the transept they 
have repaired. But not Peter 
Gibson, one of the five gUr* 
n® working on the window. 

’ T simply see myself carry- 
ing. on die traditions of the 
earlier craftsmen, and all I 
have tried to do is to make 
sure t hese windows are passed 
on to fiitnre generations. I am 
just part of that chain of 
people who have worked oa 
foe bonding down foe centu- 
ries and that n very aedaL 
That is enough." 


Peter Davenport 


iiBiiai 


^Army Officer 


DOWN 

1 Leaf main vein (6) 

2 Choux finger (6) 

3 Hobby (8) 

4 Clergyman 16 ) 

S. Con tented cat 

nose (4) 

6 Demand (6) 

7 Dog hut (6) 

12 Burnt remains (3) 

14 Burial place (8) 

15 Curve (3) 


Insiston 




16 Easily handled (6) 

17 Setfish pencil (6) 

18 Soak'(6) 


20 Reconnect (6) 

21 Public respect (6) 
23 Diver (4) 



SOLUTION TO NO 885 

4 n® ods THosy 8 Strident 9 Massacre 13 

Value 20 Uvula 21 Dread 22Vfern 33ZesL ' “ ’ 


Reaj&DryGi 






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Cj* IsSjO 



THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 



BOOKS 


book 1 13 /\yyi day- The victims themselves 

*sgnsting in iVCSlSlCr *"£**, ■*%. *** 

tune and again as I turaedits todeons apparatus of mdiwtn- 

thousand-odd i ^1:5 ^ P 1 1 alized murder than by sudden 

/ssssySdS world snfijc*?? 

■ having worked on the iS 1 -f shooti ng m mid-conversation 

skra documentary basedlm It Q T"L^-T“I PCC of awmto who was thought 

M^PObert^Sto^ vlCtlivIlCSS 


Light of our many Dark Ages 


sron documentary based on 
Marta Gilbert's earlier book. 
Auschwitz and the AUiesTl 
have a reasonably strong 
stomach where Nazi atrocities 
are concerned. But this co- 
morsdess catalogue of hor- 
rors* from the first 
persecutions, killings, and de- 
portations to Dachau in 1933. 
Y** gas chambers of 

ggmno, Btizec, SoWbor, 
ifcrkenau. and the rest, to the 
final death marches and the 
: greater epilogue when the 
Poles tned to complete 
Hitler's work after the war, is 
almost unbearable. 

Martin Gilbert's publisher 


of a worker who was thought I A.S. Byatt reviews the life and 


Piers Brandon 


a pregnant 
into partnri- 


I bearingthe mark of the maker 

wneeis or railway trucks. j realized that for the young humane, and intelligently 

HELEN WADDELL nuns * ier exposition of his stringent During the Second 

By Dame Feticitas Corrigan theology was sim^ “gratify- World War she lost two 

GoUancz, £16.95 mg an ancient fust Peter beloved nephews, and began 


work of a vital scholar 


’ n Paris, in 1924, Helen kept alive by highly fotelli- 
Waddeil spent a strange gent civilized epistolary rela- 
night in which she be* tions with older men — pre- 
came the aged H^oise, eminently the great George 


THE HOLOCAUST 

The Jewish Tragedy Hitler's intention “to drown 
By Martin Gilbert theJewsfoaseaofbkxxr was 

Collins. £1 7 50 erne reason why so many went 

t-Oilins, tl /.3U like iambs to the slauehter. 

But even those who were not 
painstaking inventory of deceived were reluctant to 


nuns her exposition of his stringent. During the Second 
theology was simply “gratify- World War she lost two 


murder, may well be the best 
way of c ommu nic a tin g the 
true nature of the “final 
solution”. 

Of course, Gilbert is bitterly 
aware that he has been able to 


resist 

Gilbert unbEnkingly charts 
the course of genocide, but it 
remains difficult to grasp the 
agony of an entire race. In- 
stead one is haunted by ran- 
dom details — of one brave 


.......... mhiiwi a UUDOSner MHIUMI a _.r UVU1 UCUUU “ U1 UUC USUVC 

describes The Holocaust as “a the JewishsSferi^Moa rf woman urging her fellows to 
marteroiece. of historical ££ S with dignity in the gas 
wntaf . It is not that, for <*amben ofthe man who 

CHlbert is not really a historian Gvosies'^hom oSa? discovered bis wife's body in a 
31 He is a chronicler. He Jehovah's’ Witnessed p3e of corpses and was forced 

£ Magigin BAS' 

ssSS-SSS swte 
3tafts?s SQ£&ES 


ancient form of the chronicle, 
and imbuing it with a new 
vitality that stems from prodi- 
gious research. The Holocaust 


camps to ensure that their fete 


could watch them being killed. 

Macabre bits of information 
keep .festering in the mind. 
Women’s bodies were used for 
kindling because they burnt 


b pot so much a book, more a £3d taSmTwhZ idling because they burnt 
filing cabma in folio fonn. StttZSStEi 

f Thj L. ls 001 J° <fis P ara 8e »t, a host of personal stones, in ^jSs^caMed 

for such was the enormity of recounting how this person or £522l5B*- t J2i M ca J;£f 
the Nazi crime against the that femd& or the ote com- 
Jews that no emanation, mumty became caught up in 

whether in terms tfrvOor the machinery of genoSde, ZSlSf 9 SS&!SSJSi 

pathology, seems adeqSc to that Gilbert Jvokes^S. *"£S B 8f l E 

account for it. Indeed. the sence of the tragedy that 2L?5 a * ta mundL ™ 


Jews that no explanation, 
whether in terms of evil or 
pathology, »*mt adequate to 
. account for it. Indeed, the 
death camps almost defy be- 
. lief — often the inmatps them- 
selves could not credit the 
; evidence of their senses. So 
Gilbert's chronological narra- 


sence of the tragedy that T , - " 


As he says, statistics dull the 
mind. The jud^s at Nurem- 
bere yawned as they, heard 


interpretation will ever cap- 
ture the nansaating realities of 
the holocaust more exactly 


endless accounts of thousands than this masterpiece of the 
five method. Ins infinitely of Jews bring destroyed every chronicler’s craft. 


Living through kith and kin 


• I have always felt ambivalent 
about the family as an fasti tu- 

• non, taking as received wis- 
dom that: • 

One would be in less danger 
From the wiles cf a stranger 
If one’s own kin and kith 
Were more junto be with. 

I also deeply mistrusted the 
principles declared in Marga- 
ret Forster's last novel. Mari- 
tal Rites. Nevertheless, f 
approached Private Papers 
with pleasurable anticipation, 
and was not disappointed. 
Miss Forster could not write a 
clumsy or slipshod sentence if 
she tried; and with Her pas- 
sionate care for craftsmanship 
and style combined with a 
God-riven gift for story-tell- 
ing, she has produced a so- 
phisticated challenging 
novel Its form is contrived 
and not entirely convincing. 
Penelope, widowed on D- Day 
and bringing up four daugh- 
ters alone, commits to paper 
her version of their lives and 
her justification of her r&le in 
them; the driest, Rosemary, 
coming across these private 
papers by chance, is goaded 
into writing down her very 
different views of each situa- 
tion and incident. 

If this is to balance the 
account, what about the other 
three witnesses who emerge so 
differently from the diverging 
versions? Abo, it seems unrea- 
sonable that one family 
should have to endnre cpiite so 
many deaths and disasters; 
sad, too, when Maigaret For- 
ster writes so beautinifiy about 
their brief moments of gaiety 
and acknowledged happiness, 
like the advent of the lodgers 
Trev and Mike, the family 
holiday in Portugal, the satis- 
factions of successful work. 
Itat the plot is incidental to the 


FICTION 


Isabel Raphael 

PRIVATE PAPERS 
By Margaret Forster 
Chatto&Wbtdus,£835 

WATERLOO 

WATERLOO 

By Teresa Waugh 

Hamish Hamilton . £9.95 


sympathetic character, and a 
rather pathetic one at that — 
can take comfort from the 
Iron Duke’s reflection that the 
only thing more melancholy 
than a bride fort is a battle 
won, he may feel, as be entere 
the St Helena Home for the 
Elderly, that this is one in the 
eye for nasty Nigel (foiled 
flasher) and mt Suzanne. Oth- 
erwise; no-one wins in this 
struggle with fife. I do not. 


WHATS BRED IN THE <HKurdwiih Taesa Waugh’s 

perceptions of human behav- 
_ _ lour, which are cannily ob- 

Btacrtsta Davies served and neatly expressed. 
Wdng.£9.95 But, if she wishes to extract' 



fog an ancient lust." /’later beloved nephews, and began 
Abelard, that poised account to suffer from attacks of 
of passion, ambition, treacb- amnesia, the first signs ofthe 
ery, penitence, and castration, organic brain 8i«Mo» that 
was published in 1933, when destroyed her mind during the 
Miss Waddell was already years before her death, 
acclaimed as the translator of Ftelicitas Corrigan, a nun 
Mediaeval Latin Lyrics and from Stanbrook Abbey, writes 


the resusritator of The Man- with controlled and convtac- 
denng Scholars. Anyone who, fog enthusiasm ofher subject's 
like me, knowing these bare energy and foteUigence, and 


like me, knowing these bare 
facts, bad imagined her as 
remote, unworldly, or roman- 
tic, should real Felicitas 


public responds with such p, 
intensity that it is clear bow rt 
powerful a need we have both io 
for continuity with the distant in 
past and for knowledge. Le- ji. 
Roy Laduric’s MorttaiQou , ** 
Huizinga’s Waning of the 
Middle Ages are huge popular 
successes as well as scholarly 
revolutions. Umberto Eco's 
The Name of the Rose fulfilled 
a need which, he himself 
points oat with erudite, mali- 
cious pleasure, the public 
didn't know it had. The 
Wandering Scholars and Hel- 
en 'Waddell's two books of 
Latin Lyrics fulfilled, as 
Felicitas Corrigan is very 
much aware; a related but 


uc, should read rrttotas her story, including its hero- 
Comgans biography, winch is foe. She makes an attempt to 
a revelation. do justice to Helen Waddell's 

Helen Waddell was bom in stenmnthei's virtues, hut is 


with considerable sharpness of different need. They assert our 
the moral failing s of those in unbroken, civilized European 


Tokyo, the youngest of the 
eight children of an Irish 
missionary in the Scottish 
United Presby te rian Church: 
a resourceful man, with a 
passionate interest in the Trin- 
ity and the proper translation 
of the names of the Godhead. 
His wife died in Belfast when 
Helen was small; he remarried 
to provide a mother for his 
brood. On his death Helen 
became designated as com- 
panion to her stepmother 
who, although Helen did take 
a degree at Queen’s Universi- 
ty, managed increasingly to 
restrict her movements and 
life in an archetypally 
“stepmotherly” manner, final- 
ly declining from teetotalism 
into frightening alcoholism 
before ho- death. This released 
Helen to go to Oxford, aged 31 
and already white-haired, to 
try to take up her education. 
Lady Maigaret Hall percipi- 
ently gave her a travelling 


her story, including its hero- heritage of song, both reverent 
foe. She ma te* an attempt to and irreverent, of meditations 
do justice to Helen Waddell’s on life, love, death, and drink, 
stepmother’s virtues, but is .... ._ . 

severe on her vices, and f 1 he had that rare gift of 
announces on her death that bringing things to life, 

Helen “was glad to be rid at L | hk* EzefoeTs valley of 
last of the narrow house ^ ~ dry bones. She read 
animated with the soul of a hundreds and hundreds of 
porwiggle.” She is also severe pages of Migne's Patrologia, 
with Sto Kyflman for asking -and found ten lines here, or 
too much of bis gifted author, 
and for requiring his breakfast 
to be cooked for him, however 
inconvenient. And she is se- 


twenty there, that would sing 
with immediacy in an English 
of her own, neither ancient 
nor modem, but rhythmically 


vere on Helen Waddell for subtle (as her own poems are 
Helen's own reasons, that not). 

Helen might have been ac- And she embodied the civi- 
cused of being the slothful lizatioo she was conserving, ’ 
servant of Chnst's parable of Writing with enthusiasm of w 
the Talents, who buried what Buoncompagno’s Art of Writ- 
Milton called “that one Talent a compendium of model ^ 
which is death to hide.” letters for all occasions, she is 


(Dame Felicitas does not like concludes: 


Milton. Helen Waddell did.) 

H elen Waddell used 
as the opening of 
Peter Abelard a 
twelfth -century 
street-song which she translat- 
ed Time goes by: And naught 


scholarship to Paris, which do L Felicitas Corrigan points 
resulted in her major transla- out rightly how very much she 
tions. did do, but is filled with 


humour from them, she needs 
exploration of a tetafionship colours 011 ,ber palette 
that must touch every woman, ra *fe e r th an^muddy browns 
that of mother and daughter, **-*2?, 

inwfaidianylnstofseminien- cspcc ^X 

tality is effectively dispelled, iJTS!? 

first by the violence of 

Rosemary's reactions, and tat- ^ 18 

er by Penelope’s growing do- fi^mnnely femifiar. , 

tachment as she is forced to What’s Bred in the Bone 
relinquish the ideal she has starts hopefully with charac- 
ch eri shed for each of her ten from The Rebel Angels, a 
brood. The greatest sadness is novel that was maddeningly 
her urging upon her daughters, arch in some places and 
as the ultimate achievement pretentions in others, but 
in terms of happiness, the always intelligent and stimu- 
perfect marriage other mono- fating, and never tedious, 
ry — something which by her Alas, in the sequel there foQow 
own idectionm later relation- tracts as barren and icebound 
ships she berself had removed as the Canadian tundra itselfi 
from the reality of their own and although there are 
experience. Despite feetinp lit- glimpses of the old Robertson 


tions. 

The immense popular suc- 
cess of these is difficult for us 
now to imagine, I think. Helen 
Waddell was feted by literary 
London, became a friend of 
Stanley Baldwin, and set up 
house with her elderly and 
married publisher, Otto 
KyOman. Felicitas Corrigan 
offers some evidence that this 
relationship was not sexual, 
but even-handedJy points out 
that its inception was the spur 
to the writing of Peter Abelard. 
All her life Helen Waddell was 


did do, but is filled with 
sue- anticipatory anguish when 
tr us Helen derides to buy a large 
den house in Primrose Hill, which 


In the actual manu- e - 
scripts, the earnest appeals ? e 
for love, for money, for an 10 
assignation, for lecture ^ 
notes, for — the eternal j c 
impossibility of human re- is 
lotions— the assurance that 0 
"you care for me as I do for » 
you”, for a moment time * 
stands still; the wall of > ~ 
glass, impalpable ana 
deadening, is broken; and jl 
one hears the voices of the s 
Paris streets. U 


predictably becomes time- Felicitas Corrigan, in her turn, e 
consuming and a burden, a brings to life Helen Waddell's s 
home for dependants, which Irish Protestant voice, schol- 11 
was damaged in the Blitz. The arfy and charismatic, lively 
biographer is pleasingly dear and tactiuL She finds more 
about priorities: great gifts are comfort in the bleak fast years 
there to be used. than a non-Christian could, e 

But the achievements were but does not mitigate their s 
very considerable. Every now bleakness. She does not ob* s 
and then someone brings the trude her own views, but - 
Middle Ages, or the Dark makes her presence feh. She is D 
Ages, alive for us; and the a worthy biographer. * 


■Owe all American private 
eyes lived and worked within 
jganshot range at bos Angeles. 
The competition was a lift 
fierce, bwt, what die belt foe 
women were sHaky and reass- 
ess, and there were enough 
cheap hoods, phony (factors, 
and corrupt politicians to 
fasnch a thousand novels. 
Besides, if yon ever got the big 
break, Hollywood was .fast 
around the comer. 


Fresh scenery for tired eyes 


Marcel Berlins 

SUGARTOWN 

By Loren D. Estientan 

NIGHTLINES 
By John Lutz 

BLUNT DARTS 


maging through Detroit's Pol- sVktor, released after 10 yean 
ish community for a fang-fast .Utile, rials his crippled cop- 


! __ _ J _ _ „ _ friend and his souL Some 

I 'l Pll HiT/PiC excellent action anA the nsaal 
LA WV#- VkJ superb writing don't entirely 

conceal a smidgeon of preten- 
: Victor, released after 10 yean tionsness. 

.faftide, visits his crippled cop- m The Tartan Singers, by v 
victim and gzri-friend. Com- Jonathan Gashf Calling, e 
polling, disturbing, and £735). WeB-deserved but dis- r 
masterfiHy written. appoi ifogly hland TV ap- ’ 

* Monsoon Cloud, by p earances have fortnoatriy not 3 


tie sympathy for the individ- Davies fateDect and wit, the 
oal characters, I found this a coincidences that cobble to- 
moving and memorable book aether a limp narrative are too 
And my feelings about the improbable, and the mafo 
family are more ambivalent character too featureless to 


•seSSu^SrS&SSid 0 : BLUNT DARTS SZ&mE+X 

Jeramah Healy Blunt Dans safiera from a 

now There P h£?^ n (Macmillan, £7.95 each) bereaved private eye, Cuddy, 

.. “n : ” 2“ * _■ ■ — • who talks to his fate wife too 

letecfaves’ diaspora, and Mac- 

millan the pobfishers seem otherwise imtouched. The he- ^ 

tojjtaal.tommaora.iye SoSSSlb^wtaStaSm' 

first three m their new senes and have battered pasts: con 


grandsw. A family tragedy victim and gsri-friend. Com- Jonathan Gash (Calling, e 
two decades ago re-emerges, pelling, disturbing, and £735). WeB-deserved but dis- r 
and ties m with a Russian jaasterfolly written. appwtfagly hkmd TV an- ' 

' fle “ ncta * . . • Uirfer a \fansooo Clood, by pearances have fortunately not J 

Nigkdma k altogetbCT HJLF. Keating (Hutchinson, duOed the wits, wit, er libido of l 
more^ Meak an d sini ster. A £SL95JJnspectpr Cbote as vie- shady-antiqnes charmer 1 
fusible mss marderer is tim, on trial for his job for Love joy, in complex crookery 
osbig St Lc- is s inofficial helping a revered coOeagoe out at foe Eiiatemh Festival asstf 3 
fanely-hearts telephone fines, *f a spot in a far-off, rain- points north. 


iy Jeremiah Healy Blunt Dans snfiere from a ridden hffl station. Not so • The Man Who T Arfd To i 

acmillan, £735 each) bereaved private eye, Cuddy, much a whodunit as an exami- Look at Himself, by LC. ! 

■hn tolbe to hk lata a rifo ten jiatwia nT CKnfaJot ■■u. . n Ho«. swt . jj , . o - 


first three in their new series 
of American private eye novels 
take faace in Detroit, St Lonis, 
and the suburbs rtf Boston. 


™ amaea pasts: con a fo*™ ^ cfoat 
sdence-stricken, UMdinons JaKa^d. 
Cymes to a man. m Tim rk>«b. hv Rnrti 


who talks to his fate wife too nation of Ghoteist morality. Constantine (Hodder A. \ 
often, but otherwise behaves Unusual in subject, usual m Stoughton, £335). Mario > 
as required fa lasting a excellence. Balzic, small-town police f 

disappeared boy whose father, • A Catskffl Eagle, by Robert chief, delves into murky mo- * 
a judge with clout, doesn't B. Parker (Viking, £935). trees behind murder and dis- 1 


Sugartown, the best of foe 


Happily, foe fonmla remains fore^has Amos Walker rom- 


than ever. 

Family ties certainly 
little meaning in Wa 


sustain 436 long pages. Rob-' TT - • - ■ # A 

in Waterloo though, about familie&^ft^? Unpredicted voices of 

dy seems to wise child that knows his > j ■ v • % 


want him found. Spenser moves into different membennent of food-mouth ■ 

• Live Fksh, by Ruth Rendell gear, shedding bis everyday batcher. Terrific dialogue, r 

(H utc h i nson, £935). One of sleuthing, and embarking on a more accessible than nsoa ] ■ 

her psyefao-danstrophobtes. lengthy search for bis girl- focal fare, and a horrid diiqax. , 


membennent of Jond-mouth ? 
batcher. Terrific dialogne, r 


tike anybody very much, father, but if s one child in a 
stranger or kin, in this dreary million who knows his moth- 


tale of infidelity, rejection, er. They’re a mysterious mob, 
and sheer selfishness. If; in the mothers." Maigaret Forster 
end. Jack — the only remotely would appreciate that. 


our ordinary kind 




H 111 1} 


POETRY' v 


Robert Nye 

Iain Crichton Smith’s subject 
is usually the furniture ofthe 
Calvinist conscience; be is 
uneasily at home with bare- 


self The poem about the girls 
singing and the kmgish “Deer 
on the High Hills’* attain a 
consistency of lyrical inspira- 
tion which he otherwise writes 
about rather than enacts on 
the rage. The best of this 
prolific and highly talented 
poet may yet be still to be 


FOYLES ART GALLERY 

Setsuko 

Segawa 

AN EXHIBITION OF 

JAPANESE QUILT 
ART 

10-6 dally tmtii March 5 

U3- 119 Charing Cross Road 
London WC2 


There are 


no friends in the 


and the development of the first 
thinking computer I 


■ Only the squid has nerve-fibres big enough 
to reveal the mechanism of brain s^nais- 
essentia! for designing biocomputers. 

Another fink you may have missed between 
the purely academic and the sternly economic. 

if you haven't been reading New Scientist, you won't have 
made the connection. 

Who said purely academic? 

wscientist 

Today and every Thursday 


method of attack, lively as a j 
surgeon’s knife, by means of 
which he can lay bare the 
poetry beneath the ami-poetic 
surface: 

1 build an orange church 
and put inside it 
a little orange minister in a 
pulpit 

that’s dandelion yellow 
The cramped assonance, the 
blade ripple of wit, the eccen- 
tric intelligence, all work to- 
gether to express and question 
a vision not unlike 
Hawthorne's (the likeness of 
New England ami Old Scot- 
land is not lost on him), a 
virion that has made at least 
one perfect poem out of 
something as splendidly ordi- 
nary as two jgtris he once 
overheard singing on a bus: 

So on the bus through hue 
November running 
by yellow lights tormented. 


I Ad Me 

boUks 


\0RMA\ 

MAILER 

mi- 

LYRK K 


The Deer Park/Noiman Mailer/ 
Grafton/£L95. 

Maiiert most controversial noveL 

THESE ARE JUST TWO OF 
TWENTY SPECIALLY SELECTED 
AMERICAN TITLES. 


BOOKS 


the two girts sang for miles 
and miles together 

and it wasn’t the words or 
the tune. It was the singing 
It was the human sweetness 
in that yellow, 
the unpredicted voices of 
our kind. 

The curious thing is the sense 
which this book gives that 
Crichton Smith, at % is still 
only half-formed as a poet in 
I the most crucial pan of him- 



Rabbit, Run/ John Updike/ 
Penguin/£2_50. 

‘Convincing, vivid and awfuTTLS. 
AUTHORS USA 

A BOOK MARKETING COUNCIL 
PROMOTION. 


WHSMITHifl 




*&5.w4315.b 3-/' I bSb-aaoB.ErofS V 3 S ¥ 









THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 


26 


Of 

M 



Uncombined ops: Rodney Cowton on a Whitehall tangle 


Ronald Butt 


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THE TIMES 


The real 
thing 


It had to happen: BBC Tel- 
evision’s Crimewaich decided to 
reconstruct the fj 00,000 Man- 
chester wages robbery and duly 
had "anonymous heavy villain** 
outfits made for the actors. As 
they were about to collect the 
made-to-measure balaclavas and 
donkey jackets.' a problem 
emerged: all had been stolen. 
Yesierday Crimewcach had still 
not traced the felons. Tonight, 
however, the programme will be 
blowing its trumpet over the arrest 
of a suspected fraudster whose 
picture had been flashed on the 
screen. .Although he was not tuned 

in. his boss was Yesterday the 

man was remanded in custody on 
six charges. The police tell me he 
was somewhat shocked to leant of 
his TV debut. 



Obscenity: leave 
it to the jury 


«<«<(((( 


Mark 1 1 


Mark Thatcher has turned up on 
the list of prospective SDP can- 
didates for Islington Borough 
Council. Not the real Mark. I 
hasten to add. though he com- 
pounds the confusion by sharing 
age. height and hair colour with 
the Prime Minister's son. “My 
name embarrasses me quite 
often.” says Mr T. who works as a 
development secretary at the 
Scout Association. "I'm cam- 
paigning in a strong Labour ward, 
so 1 have to explain quickly or I get 
doors slammed in mv face". 


Exposed 


Michael Heseltine’s wife Anne 
should be much amused by this 
week '5 Gibraltar Chronicle, which 
contains an eye-witness account of 
the lime she “unwittingly became 
one of the first females to sun- 
bathe in a bikini at The Royal 
Gibraltar Yacht Club.” Says the 
on-the-spot reporter •'Not for 
long though, as this sight of female 
flesh disturbed the then rules of 
the RGYC." So offended were 
club officials that “a small boy was 
sent to inform Anne that females 
were not permitted to sit around 
in bikinis on the Yacht Club 
terrace.” 

Tread carefully 

Former Dunlop boss Alan Lord, 
who has been appointed chief 
executive of Lloyd’s, was not the 
Only runner for the job. Head 
hunters Marler International ap- 
proached a solicitor. Leon Bosh- 
off. Highly amused. Bosh oft 
agreed but confessed he did not 
held up high hopes: he has 
represented names taking action 
against Lloyd's in both the Sasse 
and now the Spicer and White 
syndicate cases. 


Ministry of Defence top brass 
today meet leading industrialists 
to discuss how relations between 
them can be improved and better 
value secured for the £8,000 
million spent annually on defence 
equipment. In particular they will 
discuss the ideas of George Youn- 
ger. the new Defence Secretary, for 
tougher conditions on defence 
contracts. 

An equally profitable issue — 
though unlikely to be raised — is 
what the Government will do to 
improve the coherence, or at least 
reduce the chaos, in its handling of 
defence industrial ma tiers where 
they cross Whitehall departmental 
boundaries. 

The last nine months have seen 
a succession of such incidents in 
which the Government has tied 
itself in knots. Last summer there 
was a protracted struggle between 
Michael Heseltine (Defence) and 
Norman Tebbit (Trade and In- 
dustry). The essential issue: 
whether Tebbit's interest in the 
privatizing of warship builders 
should take precedence over 
Heseltine’s desire to assist Mer- 
seyside in the placing of frigate 
orders. 

In November the signing of a 
memorandum of understanding 
on British participation in the US 
Star Wars research programme 
was held up for weeks because 
Industry, with Leon Briitan now 
in charge, did not like some 
aspects of what the MoD had 
negotiated. Eventually, instead of 
merely being consulted by the 
MoD, members of the Industry 
Department joined the British 
negotiating team. 

As that issue was being resolved 
the Westland affair came along, 
ensuring that the level of tension 
between the two departments was 
maintained, and indeed raised, 
while at about the same time 
George Younger, then Secretary of 
State for Scotland, was trying to 
reverse a firm decision taken in 
Cabinet committee that orders for 
three diesel-electric submarines 
should be placed with Vickers 
Shipbuilding and Engineering — 


!<«(((( 

Defend us 




against these 
private wars 


he wanted at feast one built on the 
Clyde. 

Earlier this month the MoD 
appears to have been taken by 
surprise by Industry's advanced 
consideration of selling off parts of 
BL. particularly Land Rover, to 
General Motors. In the next 
financial year the MoD will spend 
about £25 million on Land 
Rovers and there seems to have 
been some hurried briefing of 
ministers on whether or not there 
should be a specifically defence 
“line” on the issue. 

Finally there was the bizarre 
incident last Thursday when the 
MoD panicked upon realizing that 
the Vickers shipyard was about to 
be privatized while the ministry 
was negotiating a contract for 
Vickers to build Britain's first 
Trident submarine. This led to 
Industry, trying to be helpful, 
deciding on a last-minute delay in 
privatization, then instantly re- 
versing the decision when pros- 
pective bidders protested. 

One thing the Civil Service is 
supposed to be good at and one of 
the prime purposes of Cabinet 
committees, is resolving such 
issues smoothly. Too often re- 
cently it has looked as though the 
MoD and Industry have been 
pulling in opposite directions. 

Each year the MoD spends 
about £8.500 million on military 
equipment — more than 90 per 
cent of it in Britain — making it 
British industry's single largest 
customer. On the other hand the 
DTI is the “sponsoring” ministry 
for the defence industries, though 
it is unclear how important is the 


concept of sponsorship in a gov- 
ernment that believes in leaving as 
mucb as possible to market forces. 

The reality is that where a 
government is a dominant cus- 
tomer a hands-off policy is not 
possible. This ‘government may 
wish to avoid the oven social or 
regional engineering of a Labour 
administration, but however hard- 
nosed the MoD seeks to be in hs 
role as a customer of industry, 
political factors can never be 
wholly ignored. 

The claims of Merseyside for 
more work will always have to be 
weighed against the demands of 
Gydeside or the need to smoothe 
the path to privatization of a 
shipyard on the south coasL 
However hard the Government 
may try, there is no way of 
avoiding involvement in de- 
cisions over the future of a 
company like Westland. The only 
effect of trying to remain un- 
involved in such issues is to 
produce a last-minute panic. 

Defencc/industrial issues are 
never simple. The influence con- 
ferred by the MoD's huge purchas- 
ing power is matched by the 
agglomeration of industrial might 
in some of Britain's largest groups, 
and this can produce highly 
complex relations. Just before 
Christmas Lord Wein stock, chief 
executive of GEC, ‘ missed an 
important meeting at the MoD on 
the future of the Nimrod early 
wanting aircraft because he was 
involved in discussions elsewhere 
on an issue to which. Michael 
Heseltine gave higher priority — 
GEC involvement in the Euro- 


pean consortium's rescue package 
for WesUand. 

At about the same time another 
part of GEC was negotiating with 
the MoD for a £400 million 
contract to supply Stingray tor- 
pedoes. Simultaneously GEC was 
planning a takeover bid for 
Plessey which, if successful, would 
probably have created Britain's 
largest defence contractor. 

A merged GEC/PIessey would, 
with British Aerospace (the 
present largest defence contractor) 
account for about 25 per cent of 
the defence procurement budget 
and a much higher proportion of 
the ministry’s hi-tech spending. 
The ministry's procurement exec- 
utive was relieved when the bid 
was referred to the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission by the 
Industry Department. 

All this points to the feet that 
the interface between defence and 
industry is complex and politically 
sensitive. It needs to be handled 
with more acuteness than the 
government has recently shown. A 
useful step in that direction would 
be achieved if Geoffrey Partie, the 
minister responsible for aerospace 
at the Industry Department, and 
Norman Lamont, Minister for 
Defence Procurement, could 
establish a close working relation- 
ship; both have long experience of 
working in the other's department 
and should be able to anticipate 
problems before they arise. 

Above all, it needs the two 
departments to work in harmony, 
and not simply to use each other 
as sparring partners, which seems 
to have been one of their main 
activities in recent months. 

No doubt it will be said that 
over a multitude of issues the 
relationship between the depart- 
ments works perfectly welL Never- 
theless, there have been enough 
examples in recent months of 
matters being badly handled, and 
of political and industrial sensibil- 
ities being severely bruised, to 
suggest that a real effort is required 
to improve things. 


Vicious circle 

Unprintable words are being ex- 
changed among the Labour hierar- 
chy after an article by Neil 
Kinnock in the News of the World 
at the weekend. Roy Hanersley et 
al. who are being denied their 
column inches because of the 
party's blacking of Murdoch titles, 
question Kinnock’s action: how 
can they read their leader's pearls 
of wisdom if the paper is banned, 
and ran they too write for a 
blacked paper? Oxer to you. 
Kjnnock. But then he can’t talk to 
me. can he? 

Men of honour 

Ugandan villagers can breathe 
easier. The National Resistance 
Army, now ruling the roost has 
drawn up a code of conduct for its 
members containing this instruc- 
tion: “Never develop illegitimate 
relationships with women because 
there are no spare women as such 
waiting for passing soldiers. Many 
women are wives or daughters of 
somebody, somewhere. Illegiti- 
mate relationships are bound to 
harm our good relationships with 
the public.” 


BARRY FANTONI 



T must warn you. anything you 
say will be taken down 
and may be used in evidence 
against you' 

Opening shots 

Peter Jay. once British ambas- 
sador to Washington and now 
presenter of Channel 4's H eck 
in Politics, has been saved from 
the prospect of unemployment 
thisauiumn. The programme, due 
to be scrapped al the end of the 
present series, has been given a 
last-minute reprieve. The reason? 
“The general election campaign 
has started much sooner than 
expected.” said producer Anne 
Lapping." It's going to be the 
longest ever, and Channel 4 were 
worried they might not he able to 
give ii proper coverage.” No 
danger of ihat. I fear. Meanwhile, 
plans to replace foe programme 
with a serious analysis of foreign 
a (Tail's, sadly missing from current 
TV output, have been shelved 
indefiniiclv PUS 


At first sight there seems little 
connection between the Bar’s 
action against the Lord Chancellor 
over higher pay for criminal legal 
aid work and a recent Law Society 
green paper proposing radical 
reforms of the entire legal pro- 
fession. But in fact the paper could 
well bring about a rationalization 
and streamlining of the profession 
which may be the key to higher 
fees as well as a better, more cost- 
effective service for the public. 

The proposals have already 
created a stir. “Self-serving”,- 
“wholly illogical” and leading to 
“the end of the Bar as we know it”, 
the Bar chairman. Robert Alexan- 
der QC. instantly declared. Drawn 
up by a group of L3w Society 
council members, the document. 
Lawyers and the Courts. Time for 
Sonic Changes, is a model for the 
legal profession of the future: one 
appropriately geared to the con- 
sumer needs of the 20tb century. 

It envisages the end of the 
present restrictive practices which 
differentiate the two branches of 
the legal profession. Solicitors 
would have the right to appear in 
all courts, not just as now in the 
lower courts. Barristers in turn 
could have direct access to clients 
and not have to go through a 
solicitor and they would have a 
contractual relationship with 
them, so (hat they could sue and 
be sued. 

The document stops short of 
total fusion of the two branches; 
the Bar would remain but be 
whittled down to a corps of 
specialist adv.*cates of perhaps 
half its present size. All would-be 
lawyers would share a com mm on 
training and education, spending 
perhaps two years in a solicitor’s 
office with those then wanting to 
specialize in advocacy going off to 
the much slimmer Bar. In short, a 
profession stripped of overman- 
ning providing a more efficient 
service to the public by those 
lawyers best able to do the job. 

On the face of it, the Bar 
protests too much. The document 
is only a discussion paper. Many 
of its ideas are not new-, and 
similar fonimulae were canvassed 
and rejected almost ten years ago 
by the Royal Commission on 
Legal Services. 

But it comes at a testing rime for 
the Bar anger within all quarters 
and particularly the young, crim- 
inal practitioners, is running at a 
high pitch over the Lord 
Chancellor’s refusal to increase 
legal aid fees and Bar leaders are 
under pressure from within to 
fight this and any other move seen 
as undermining the profession. 

. Another factor is the veiy 
different political climate from ten 
years ago. The Prime Minister has 
pledged herself to removing 
monopolies and has ended the 
solicitors’ grip on conveyancing. 

At the same time consumerism is 
in the ascendant, and alt pro- 
fessions are being forced to de- 
mystify. to communicate and to 
adapt to meet consumer demands. 

The green paper proposals also 
come at a lime when relations 
between solicitors and barristers, 
reflecting that changed climate, 
are hostile. Solicitors are pursuing 


Frances Gibb sums np the conflicting 
arguments over Law Society proposals for 
drastic reform of the legal profession 

How two into 
one would 
benefit us all 



m** ,-v 

• . . y- 


%m:.. ■ V 

-4XXZ J 

- . < 

■ 

Alexander proposals 
‘wholly Ologocaf 

a vigorous campaign for wider 
rights of audience in the courts 
which some barristers feel is an iU- 
disguised ploy for more work in 
the face of the loss of the 
conveyancing monopoly, pursued 
under the mantle of the “public 
interest.” 

The document, they say. com- 
ing from members of the Law 
Society’s litigation committee, is 
another step in this campaign and. 
far from being objective, is a 
propaganda exercise. Still smart- 
ing from the Law Society's pan in 
a recent lest case on 'rights of 
audience which has thrown that 
whole issue open to change by the 
judiciary, they accuse the Society 
of using the media to further such 
causes rather than keeping dis- 
cussions private and “in house.” 

There have even been slurs of 
the solicitors acting dis- 
honourably. which has caused 
particular chagrin among the 
paper's authors. Their supporters 
maintain the proposals stem from 
beliefs held passionately over 
some ten years; while critics may 
condemn the publication as 
opportunist, the other side of that 
coin is that it is merely timely. 

Whatever the motives, there is a 
serious danger that all this rhetoric 
and the debate over tactics will 
deflect attention from the merits 
of the report itself. Worse, the 
acrimony is forcing the adoption 
of false postures; the Bar is not 
opposed and resistant to all 
change: on the contrary the year 
has been remarkable for its most 
public profile in memory, with 



Hails ham : more money for 
legal aid work 

reforms in the melting pot to 
improve public accessability. 

It also goes some way towards 
agreement with the proposals. It 
has long supported co mm on legal 
education and proposals for this 
were mooted then dropped in the 
1970s when the Law Society 
decided against an all-graduate 
profession. Naturally, too, it fa- 
vours direct access and is consid- 
ering such access for other 
professions. 

But there are two major stum- 
bling blocks: common training, 
and rights of audience for solic- 
itors in all courts. Bar leaders 
positively baulk at two or three 
years in a solicitor's office for all 
lawyers. Some period might be 
beneficial, they say, but the pro- 
posal would make’ it difficult for 
lawyers to become barristers: they 
would be entering the Bar late, 
with _ family and mortagage 
commitments and would face 
inducements from their solicitor 
firms to stay on. 

The arguments are not convinc- 
ing. If the compulsory period was 
one year with solicitors, the 
starting point would not be very 
late. Those committed to ad- 
vocacy. tried and tested during 
their time with solicitors, with 
valuable contacts made, would 
still want to proceed: amiably the 
Bar would be stronger for recruit- 
ing those who have found they 
have a dedicated commitment, a 
proven aptitude for advocacy. 

Instead of the present impov- 
erished first year of pupillage, this 
could be done on a sandwich or 
block-release basis over a period 


of time from the financial security 
of a solicitor's office. Some might 
say that solicitors' firms would be 
reluctant to take on such would-be 
graduates only for a short training 
period, but the problem is no 
different for articled clerics, who 
manage to find places even though 
they may well move on elsewhere. 

.That leaves rights of audience. 
The paper suggests that the right to 
appear in all courts be restricted 
only by experience, with com- 
petence judged by objective cri- 
teria such as examinations. 
Complex cases in the higher courts 
would still need leading counsel; 
an inexperienced solicitor would 
be no more likely to take cases in 
the House of Lords than a junior 
barrister would be briefed for such 
a case now. But there is a whole 
range of cases, right up to the less 
complicated proceedings in the 
High Court, where the client 
would benefit from having only to 
pay for one lawyer instead of two. 
If that happened. Lord Hailsham 
might see his way clear to higher 
fees in legal aid work. 

It is in the crown court, though, 
that the proposals would have 
most impact and be felt by the 
much-beleagured criminal Bar. 
The argument for the solicitor 
who has been with the client from 
•the start to conduct the case in 
court is strong Many solicitors 
would be far better at it than some 
junior barristers taking such cases 
now. And despite public 
pronouncements, some barristers 
privately feel such a move is both 
inevitable and makes sense. 

As for judges, they could in 
theory be drawn from all lawyers; 
but most in practice would still 
come from the top ranks of the 
Bar. But the proposed changes 
would allow — and here’s the 
rub — circuit judges who have 
been solicitors to Be promoted to 
the High Court bench, and not just 
former barristers as now. 

The solicitor-authors have a 
long way to go. Why dismantle the 
whole building, the Bar says, 
because of a couple of defective 
slates on die roof? The time may 
be ripe for change, but the authors 
will have to convince the public 
that a smaller Bar. for instance, 
will not restrict consumer choice: 
and that the benefits of dis- 
mantling the whole building are 
worth it. It may well be that the 
solicitors, and not the barristers, 
would benefit most from the 
changes. But that is lucky for 
them: it is unlikely they would 
pursue, as critics maintain, re- 
forms in their own interests at the 
expense of those of the profession 
as a whole, when the one is so 
inextricably bound with the other. 

But in all this the real rest will be 
the interests of the consumer. For 
the first lime there is pressure on 
the profession from outside to 
reform: Austin Mitchell, the La- 
bour MP who brought about the 
end of the conveyancing monop- 
oly. has already had one albeit 
unsuccessful go at the Bar. The 
public interest is not in future 
going to be left to the profession to 
sort out behind closed doors. 

The author is Legal Affairs 
Correspondent o/The Times. 


With awe-inspiring solidarity, the 
BBC, commercial television, the 
state-subsisized theatre, film 
producers with a profitable line in 
violence and the forensic defend- 
ers of pornographic freedom have 
charged into the attack against 
Winston Churchill's bill to amend 
the Obscene Publications Acl 
S aras tro, you might suppose, has 
risen again to vanquish the Queen 
of the Night and the dark forces 
seeking to repress artistic liberty. 

The principal effect of the bill 
would be to apply the present Act 
on obscenity, including violence, 
to television and radio, which are 
at present controlled only by the 
BBC’s and the ISA’s interna! 
gu. defines. Originally, the bill also 
contained a list of specified sexual 
and violent acts, to depict which 
would constitute obscenity. Use 
police had wanted such a list to 
help them cope with extreme 
pornographic magazines, but 
Churchill (rightly, for reasons to 
which I shall return) has with- 
drawn this section which has met 
much criticism. 

Apart from its broadcasting 
provisions, therefore, the bill wifi 
now consist only of a provision to 
limit the display of pornographic 
material for the protection of 
children, and a proposed new 
clause requiring the jury in any 
obscenity case affecting broadcast- 
ing to take account of the probabil- 
ity of children watching. 

The police, judges, politicians 
and the public generally are now 
convinced that there is a causal 
relationship between violence in 
entertainment and actual (es- 
pecially sexual) violence. Yet de- 
spite the feet that television is 
recognized as the most powerful 
media influence on public behav- 
iour. the broadcasters refuse to 
accept the application to them- 
selves of the same law which 
applies to the rest of the media, 
including newspapers, cable tele- 
vision, the theatre and the rest. 

The newspapers have been pep- 
pered with vituperative articles by 
interested parties attacking the 
bill; on Sunday David Dimblebey 
discussed the subject to revealing 
effect in his TV programme This 
Week, Next Week. The pro- 
gramme began with an interview 
with Jeremy Isaacs, chief exec- 
utive of Channel 4, which recently 
put out late at night two “art” 
films containing episodes of such 
disgusting obscenity and violence 
that the sight of them was a 
powerful factor in impelling a 
number of MPS to support the 
Churchill bilL 

Isaacs, though he favoured 
protecting children in “normal 
daily viewing hours”, could not 
accept that this should be the “sole 
determinant” of “what can be seen 
around the midnight hour.” 
Conceding that the children likely 
u> be watching al that hour “may 
be” the ones in most need of 
protection, he still refused to 
accept that a work of “merit” 
could not be screened then be- 
cause it might affect “one or two 
susceptible people.” In feci, re- 
search shows that a high propor- 
tion of 15 and 16-year-olds watch 
then, and what they do in society 
affects very many more. More- 
over, the claim dial restraint 
would reduce broadcasting to only 
what was suitable for children is 
rubbish; what would be lost would 
most often be the stuff of adults' 


infantile fantasies rather thjpi 
genuinely adult entertainment 
Afesdair Milne, director-general 
of the BBC was equally hostile. 
He said it was a bad and 
unnecessary biH Broadcasting was 
uniquely exempt from the obscen- 
ity law because the BSC had sdfc 
regulatory guidelines “stricter 
than any law”. Yet he feared that 
under Churchill’s bill he “could gq 
to jaiT if the BBC transgressed, a 
peculiar fear if guidelines stricter 
than the law were being observed; 
But. of course, they are often not, 
which is why Milne is worried. 
would have it in the back of my 
mind”, he said, “that 
litigation . . . could occur against 
us... and that must have an 
influence for bad in my view.” ~ 
Milne and bis professional 
competitors suffer from pride and 

a determination that their empire 
should be subject to no other 
judgement than their own. (The 
BBC's governors really function 
only after an offence has been 
committed.) In practice, even 
responsible parents (and not all 
are) can protect their children only 
by never leaving the house (or 
perhaps the room) if television fe 
to send mxo the home what 
cinemas canned show to under-lSi 
Likewise, the libertarian lobbjy 
oscillating like tobacco manufac- 
turers between the claim that tjie 
product is harmless, and anyway 
that liberty is at stake, wfl] never 
answer the question: “If you could 
be persuaded that what is pur- 
veyed leads to violence, especially 
against women, would you stiU 
give supremacy to the producer’s 
freedom?” Z 

The list of prohibitions re- 
moved from the bill was always a 
bad idea which would simply have 
given the likes of John Mortimer, 
the banister who has specialized, 
in defending pornography cases; 
the chance to ridicule the law by- 
asking whether this or that episode 
was really showing what the 
prosecution alleged, and how did 
they know. Ridicule was his 
technique for rubbishing the “de- 
prave and corrupt” provision of 
the present law. after which he 
made a further ass of it by calling 
“expert” sexologist witnesses to 
testify that this or foal piece of 
sadism or pornography was for the 
“public good” because it was good 
for their patients as an aid to 
masturbation 

Some cases were dismissed with 
foe help of the expert evidence of 
Dr Brian Richards, who has 
appeared more recently in court ^ 
in America - charged and con? 
victed. subject to appeal of solicit- 
ing the murder of his partner. 

The way to deal with foe 
obscenity law is to scrap foe 
“deprave and corrupt” provision 
and forget all ideas of lists arid 
definitions. What constitutes 
obscenity should be decided by a 
genuinely representative jury (no( 
subject to arbitrary challenges 
which weed out anyone who looks 
like giving a verdict against the 
defendant). The jury should be 
asked simply to say whether anv 
particular material offended pub- 
lic standards of decency. As Lord 
Denning observed in reference to 
foe Acts governing the Post Office’ 
and Customs; “The customs offi-* 
cers and foe Post Office know 
pornography when ibev see it.” 
Meanwhile, Churchill's bill will da 
to be going on with. 


Ii 


moreover , , „ Miles Ki ngton 

From Haiti 
to Hades 


As I write, Ferdinand Marcos is 
about to swear himself in for yet 
another term of office . . . Stan 
again: as I write, Mr Marcos is still 
half-president of foe Philippines, 
or perhaps president of half foe 
Philippines . . Damn. As I write, 
Mr Marcos is boarding a plane for 
Guam. Hawaii, Florida or some- 
where to join a long line of right- 
ing dictators who were backed 
by the Americans and no one else. 
In feet, so many have gone into 
exile that it’s hard to think of any 
who are left- 

“Well, there's always General 
Pinochet in Chile.” Larry Spokes- 
man from the White House told 
me, but then there's always 
General Pinochet. Apart from 
him, there's only foe Big One.” 
TheBigOne?"$ ure. The Devil, in 
Hell.” 

Pardon me. Are you trying to say 
that the Americans are supporting 
the Devil?" Well, it’s not a thing we 
like to talk about a lot, but if you 
know anything about American 
foreign policy you'll see that the 
Devil fits in with all our major 
requirements as an ally. He is a 
which 


And we are exerting pressure 
on the Devil at a private and 
personal level to get him to tone 
down some of his more question- 
able practices. We have recently 
got him to agree to a very 
reasonable level of fire and brim- 
stone use, for instance. 

“And don't forget that these 
people who go on about eternal 
nre and damnation, and wild 
rumours like that, are all radical, 
left-wing scribblers. The New 
Testament is not a book we care to 
be associated with.” 

-American support for the 
Devil mean that the USA regards 
an enemy? “We regard 
nobody as an enemy. We are 
merely deeply suspicious of some 

asj assMssr 

is *■ ^ reform programme 

yo ? have he re is a 

w™i£^ 800d?r try,ng 10 xt U P a n 
idealistic society which virt ual ly 

denies foe orofit motive and the 
balance of power. Whaf iff 
means is that there is no room for 

aSSS! bus '?? ss expansion or 
American military bases in 


proven statesman, which is the 
most important thing. He has run 
Hell for thousands of years and 

never once been in danger of beina v £, na ? trou bl 

turned out of lhi * before< 

business - a lot of American citi- tha£ « "W* trouble 

moved down i 0 Hell - don'.t 

and there is absolutely no danger Mavte J? 1 . 1 !? , hc s toppled, 
of him ever turning comraS. e a he! P ftil shove 

Foreign policywise, foe Devil is a 
good guy ” 

On the other hand, a lot of torture 
is said to be used there. Torment 
might be a belter word -eternal 
fire and damnation. How does that 


ume to time, too ” 

eftA«-.**Sure. t hey ail tV % 

nd v ^ 

thought we were talking about feu, is ^ to 

American foreign policy? WelL cnange sides and make it 

yes, we do havr a human S S “ m i,ke we “ - ° 11 

problem here. The Devil's security 
methods are undeniably on the 
disciplinary side, as is his penal 
system. No question. But once you 
discount inevitable media bias, 
you can see that his methods do 
make for a stable country. 


“We're onin 0t him. 

foal we kicked M make 11 seem 
feet that The 

it v there for 


And 


the Devil is losino^! an { dea that 
we’ll quietly c ® n £f >l ofHe £ 
But until foenf h( ? s U ^°^«cler- 




13 


W — ’ 

*p'sJS iy> liS£> 


% i 



THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 



Saji? 


1 Pennington Street, London El. Telephone 61 481 4100 

DEFENCE OF HILLSBOROUGH 


Protecting young from obscenity 

From Jlfr Winston S. Churchill, tetter level of dialogue, it was 


*With the confirmation of a 
^one-day “strike” against the 
1 CjN* Hillsborough Agreement, the 
; conflict between the Govern- 
rfient and Northern Ireland's 
‘ Unionists settles into a familiar 
; groove. Whatever else may be 
>' said before or after this dash of 
. S wills, the Northern Ireland 
■> office cannot resort to the alibi 
“ ^7 that it did not know what 
might be coming or that it had 
no time to prepare its defences. 

Early protest against any 
. * 1 i». agreement involving the 
t. Republic in formal consulta- 
% bon about the running of the 
}<% north was inevitable. The 
strike weapon has been used 
.. before, with lethal effect. In 

* ' r 1974, a stoppage brought 

dt>wn the Sunningdale 
,f Arrangements after the 
government's resolve had been 
totally weakened by two key 
“ factors: an election which pro* 
i 'V duced a new administration 
holding power by a narrow 
X. majority and the inability of 
, 5=31 tfie Army to bypass or replace 
Strikebound services. The first 
; '** of these conditions does not 
,‘J ■ seem likely to apply in 1986 
>s j* and twelve years have passed 
: v Curing which plans should 
; •. have been laid to avoid the 
•yj latter problem. 
^^Governments naturally 
"r, nope not to. have, to use such 
donlingency plans, but it was 
- always likely that they would 
be needed: even the most 
' 7 * enthusiastic supporters of 
Hillsborough claim only that 
", i!$ benefits will be reaped in 

.J, fire longer term. Meanwhile, 
sometiungjinder half a million 
. rj- Protestants are considering 
' bow far they are prepared to go 
_T_ fo tear up the document which 
Mrs Thatcher and Dr Fitz- 

• 7' Gerald signed three months 

ago. 


In so doing, they beg the 
question which their repre- 
sentatives are so adept at 
avoiding in public. They claim 
that they wish to continue as 
citizens of the United King- 
dom; yet they wish this status 
to be conditional on their 
approval of the Government’s 
actions as they affect Northern 
Ireland. These aspirations are 
fundamentally irreconcilable 
and can only be glossed over 
by the constant reiteration of 
threats about the conflagration 
which will .take place if Mrs 
Thatcher insists on pursuing 
her wrong-headed policies. 
Whether these threats hint at 
violence or confine themselves 
to civil disobedience, they are 
plainly attempts to subvert 
democratic decisions. 

The Government must face 
down a challenge to its author- 
ity in that spirit At best, this 
may require no more than 
stoic patience on the part of 
the Prime Minister and her 
Secretary of State: Unionist 
politicians, are still at odds 
with each other over the 
precise tactics they should 
pursue and if this confusion 
continues, protest may be' 
fragmentary and ill-co- 
ordinated. 

But the sequence of events 
on Tuesday suggests that be- 
hind Mr Molyneux and Dr 
Paisley there are hardliners 
unprepared to allow any sort 
of talk alongside the agree- 
ment. The Ulster Workers’ 
Council strike of 1974 
emerged as the tactic favoured 
by local politicians who until 
that moment were relatively 
unknown and a similar 
development may be stirring 
now. The unionist parly lead- 
ers have just stood for re- 
election as democratic 


politicians: they disqualify 
themselves for that description 
if they yield to the temptation 
to win the favour of 
paramilitaries. 

Even in terms of their own 
objectives, unionists are now 
embarking on the one course 
. which is bound to weaken the 
union in the end. Adopting, 
decade after decade, stances 
which repeat the same weary 
cycles is aid and comfort to the 
very forces which are doing 
their best to erode Britain's 
will to fulfil its obligations in 
Ireland. The unionist commu- 
nity thinks of itself as having 
little in common with the IRA, 
and in almost every way that is 
true. But it is about to show 
once again thit it is incapable 
of agreeing about anything 
except rejection. 

Unionist interests lie in the 
opposite direction, if its politi- 
cal leaders only had the con- 
fidence to point their followers 
that way. The Anglo-Irish 
agreement offers two-way 
opportunities for the northern 
majority to put pressure on the 
Republic to make up its mind 
about what it really wants for 
the nationalist community in 
the north, to put pressure on 
Dublin to abandon the senti- 
mental irredentism of the 
constitution's claim to the 
north, to press the south to 
improve yet further its capac- 
ity to catch and convict terror- 
ists. 

Instead, the unionists seem 
determined to confront the 
government with an lactic 
which really does not require 
any choice to be made. No- 
body in Northern Ireland will 
benefit in the long run from a 
government which allows it- 
self to be broken. 


A QUESTION OF REGULATION 


_-jf Granada were CBS, the 
Kank Organisation were Mr 
Ted Turners CNN and the 
object of the exercise were the 
» removal from the airways of 
. some notoriously liberal 
\ afcc.iorman then the Indepen- 
dent Broadcasting Authority’s 
? speedy rush to judgement in 
: the takeover battle between 
Rank and Granada would be 
r easier to grasp- In those hypo- 
tbetical circumstances, the 
purpose of a commercial take- 
over would be to change what 
appears on the screen. The 
regulatory potency of the IBA 
. would be dear. The terms of a 
: franchise would be about to 

• change. 

■->. The facts of Rank's takeover 

• bid, however, are different 
The last thing it appears to 

. want to alter (or even to have 
thought about at this stage in 
the commercial game) is 
Granada's programming. Asa 
consequence, the IBA is 
operating at some consid- 
erable distance from the terri- 
tory where it should be most at 
home, the quantity of bread- 
cast hours and their quality. 
Instead the IBA operates as if 
it were the Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission, 

' The IBA evidently has a 
doctrine. It was followed, 
dramatically, last autumn 
when it forbade major- 


shareholders in Thames Tele- 
vision from divesting them- 
selves of control. It has two 
parts. One is that the award of 
a franchise to broadcast freezes 
the pattern of ownership for 
the duration of the contract. 

The other pan is that a 
“franchise” refers as much to 
the structure of shareholding 
in the successful franchisee 
company as to the content of 
the broadcasts it produces. 
Both, the IBA says, follow 
directly from the 1981 
Broadcasting Act, and the 
implied terms on which the 
last round of franchises was 
awarded. Both parts of file 
doctrine are ambiguous. 

In its manipulation of fran- 
chises for local radio the IBA 
has shown that needs must 
when the devil (commercial 
failure) drives. The authority 
has indeed displayed un- 
wonted imagination in provid- 
ing a solution to the problems 
of local commercial radio in 
areas such as Leicester — a 
solution involving consid- 
erable change in the ownership 
and structure of shares of the 
franchisee. Surely, too, the 
authority condoned, even en- 
couraged a major transforma- 
tion of the ownership of the 
TV-AM franchise after the 
failure of the Famous Five. In 


this instance, re-structuring 
involved a considerable- 
change in the style and shape 
of the broadcast material. 

What is unclear is how, in 
the Rank/Granada example, 
similar discretion was not 
open to the IBA. If it had been, 

the IBA could have found that 
Rank’s bid might be enter- 
tained provided that a series of 
conditions pertaining to the 
content of Granada’s broad- 
casts were met Instead the 
IBA has stood pat, implying 
that the content of Granada’s 
output, the very plotting of 
■ Coronation Street , depends 
intimately on Granada's 
ownership of motorway ser- 
vice areas and its other non- 
television assets. 

The commercial dynamism 
which gave rise to Carlton 
Communications’ interest in 
Thames and Rank’s in Gra- 
nada will grow rather than 
diminish; bids for foreign 
ownership, of broadcasting 
companies will increase. The 
focus of regulation should 
surely be programmes not 
ownership. The time has come 
to ask whether the broadcast- 
ing regulators should not stick 
to their last, and leave move- 
ments of capital and market 
preference to take care of 
themselves. 


MPjbr Dovyhuime (Conservative) 
Sir. The intemperance of your 
leading article attack (February 
24) on ray Obscene Publications 
(Protection of Children) Amend- 
ment Bill is regrettable, especially 
given the errors of (act and 
outdated information on which it 
was based. 

You are mistaken when you 
declare that my private member’s 
Bill takes no account of “direct 
broadcasting by satellite." The Bill 
would cover alt broadcasts, 
including from a satellite, where 
the transmission originates from 
within the United Kingdom. 

Further, you choose to overlook 
the feet that, at second reading. I 
gave specific undertakings to in- 
troduce amendments at commit- 
tee stage to provide for the 
exemption of actuality reporting 
from any "laundry list” and to 
ensure that my Bill did not stray 
into any area beyond its intended 
two-fold objective, namely to 
make television and sound 
broadcasting subject to the An 
and to restrict the availability to 
children of the more explicit 
brands of pornographic maga- 
zines. 

In fulfilment of that undertak- 
ing. the relevant amendments 
were tabled on the morning of 
February 21, as confirmed by the 
Press Association in a Press 
release put out on February 22. 

You mistakenly suggest that the 
only ground for concern that has 
been voiced in regard to television 
was in relation to the showing of 


theme taken from the early 
church)”. In fra the production 
which has caused greatest public 
concern was the Derek Jarman 
film Jubilee (nothing to do with 
the early church). 

Leaving aside the grosser 
obscenities and constant four- 

Left foot forward 

From Mr Harry Brooke 
Sir, Interesting that Bernard Levin 
(February 20) recommends the 
purchase of shares in albatross- 
breeding firms in the event of a 
Labour victory In the next elec- 
tion. 

For some time I have been 
putting forward the proposition 
that, in such an eventuality, 
shipping shares would be the ben 
buy. With half the population of 
the UK wanting to say goodbye for 
ever, the airlines could not cope 
and shipping to foreign destina- 
tions would boom. 

However, it must be borne in 
mind that such a new Govern- 
ment might soon be in danger. 
Remembering how Dubcek, in 
Czechoslovakia* wanted to have 
communism with a “human face" 
and, as a reward, was dragged off 
to the Kremlin while the hard left 
moved into power (Dubcek is now 
working as an under-gardener 

Selling of water 

From the Director of the School of 
Water Sciences. Cranfield 

Sir. I served on the Department of 
the Environment’s Central Ad- 
visory Water Committee whose 
report led to the formation of the 
regional water authorities, now to 
be privatised. 

Faced with a choice between 
multi-purpose authorities han- 
dling river management, water 
supply and effluent disposal or 
single-purpose authorities under- 
taking these three functions 
respectively, we never reached full 
agreement The technologists felt 
that multi-purpose authorities 
were the only effective means of 
coordinating the three functions, 
while administrators and poli- 
ticians foresaw problems of 
accountability and control. For 
example, a water authority 


tetter level of dialogue, it was the 
vicious cruelty that i and those of 
my colleagues who viewed the 
film found the most offensive. 
This included scenes where a 
young woman was seen being 
lashed to a lamp post with barbed 
wire; a man was slowly suffocated 
to death with his head wrapped in 
a dear plastic sheet, through 
which the camera dwelt long and 
lovingly on his agony; and two girl 
punks armed with razor blades 
carved up a lone policeman who, 
in his death throes, rolled to free 
the camera, his intestines spilling 
out. 

The IBA had the tastelessness 
and effrontery to screen this 
particular offering within five 
weeks of the murder by a Totten- 
ham mob of PC Keith Blakdock. 

Can Parliament be forgiven for 
asking what right the IBA (re- 
quired by the Broadcasting Ad 
1981 to ensure “that nothing is 
included in the programme which 
offends against good taste or 
decency”) has to put out such 
corrosively vicious trash (passed 
by the British Board of Film 
Classification for viewing by an 
exdusiveiy adult audience) to 30 
million homes where they know it 
will be seen by thousands of 
children and young persons under 
18? 

Mr Michael Grade. Controller 
of BBCI. told me only last 
Wednesday that, while be dis- 
agreed with the original “laundry 
list” approach of my Bill, he 
would have no difficulty operating 
within the Obscene Publications 
Aa as it stands, if applied to 


A-Ievel test of 
relative value 

From Mr JL J. Howes 
Sir. As a teacher with 13 years' 
experience of Advanced-level 
teaching and a good honours 
degree I have this week been 
offered, by a most respected 
examining board, marking of their 
Advanced-level literature and 
background studies paper in a 
modem foreign language. 

The candidates take a three- 
hour paper and the list from which 
they may choose books for study 
comprises 29 titles, some of which 
are full-length novels. A further 
nine works are suggested as back- 
ground reading. 

To do the candidates justice one 
would presumably have to read or 
re-read all 38 of these. The fee 
offered for all this preparatory 
work is £12.70 gross. The fee for 
each script marked is £2.06 gross. 
Experience tells me that one 
would be hard put to it fairly to 
marie more than four scripts per 
hour. 

Recently I was the exteutor of 
an estate. The firm of solicitors 
involved charged £50 per hour for 
the work of a partner and £30 per 
hour for the work of a legal 
executive. VAT was payable in 
addition. 

We might do well to reflect 
upon the value we place on 
accuracy in tying up the affairs of 
the dead and accuracy in marking 
the examinations which deter- 
mine the future of (he young. 
Yours faithfully, 

R. J. HOWES. 

9 Vicarage Road, 


i 1 1 i k'M ■ « « - 


“You won't find me fighting in 
any ditch to defend our right as 
broadcasters to ‘deprave and 
corrupt' young people”. 

Does The Times disagree? 
Yours faithfully, . 

WINSTON S. CHURCHILL. 
House of Commons. 

somewhere) it is conceivable that 
the hard left here are planning the 
manoeuvres required to get 
Kinnock out and themselves in. 
We underestimate the dedication 
and the ruthiessness of the real left 
here at our peril. 

In such a scenario, the shares to 
go for would be in the construc- 
tion industry, which would be 
required to put upa 1 5 ft wall logo 
round the entire coastline of Great 
Britain with watch towers every 50 
yards to prevent anybody leaving 
the country. 

But thinking further, as these 
two industries will be nationalised 
immediately, my advice is per- 
haps not very helpful. 

1 am thinking of starting a 
company developing pre-fabs in 
Pitcairn Island. Anybody in- 
terested? 

Yours faithfully, 

H. BROOKE, 

22B Westbourne Terrace 
Road,W! 

February 20. 

common event) theoretically has 
to sue itself. 

Actually, both sides were right. 
But the DoFs Civil Servants 
wanted multi-purpose RWAs, so 
we got them. After a shaky start, 
experience shows that they do a 
good job. 

The old argument is worth re- 
examining in the light of their 
proposed privatisation. At present 
the RWAs are public bodies whose 
duty is to serve the public at the 
lowest cost necessary to maintain 
standards. A private company's 
obligation is to the shareholders: a 
public service can only be 
maintained within a framework of 
compulsion. I will lay a modest 
bet that when we come to the 
detail of constructing such a 
framework, privatisation will look 
impracticable. Any takers? 

Yours faithfully, 

GEORGE SOLT. Director, 

School of Water Sciences. 


Warwickshire. 
February 15. 


discharging sub-standard sewage „ Cranfield Institute of Technology, 
to a river (which was then a Cranfield. Bedford. 


EQUALITY AFTER WORK 


■ “The five-year difference in 
retirement ages -between men 
and women in Britain has. 
always been an anomaly. It 
was introduced in 1940 on the 

• assumption that this was the 
"normaT age-gap between 
husband and wife, who would 
thus be enabled to retire at the 

“ same time. This attempt at 
social engineering runs 
. counter to the pattern of life 
r expectancy; women in Britain, 
as elsewhere in the developed 

* world, are longer-lived than 
rtfeiu 

' ; Governments have hesi- 
tated to tackle this bizarre 
inequality for fear of the cost, 
either financial or political. It 
,, calculated by Mr Norman 
- Fowler's review committee 
last year that reducing the 
male retirement age to 60 
would cost some £2 V: billion a 
year in extra pension pay- 
ments. To equalise the retire- 
ment age at no cost would 
’’ teqtiire both sexes to retire at 
just over 64. This would make 
little difference to men, but 
oblige women to wait more 
than four years more for their 
pension. The most dedicated 
proponents of equality have 
. quailed at the thought of so 
provoking the majority sex. 

- Now, however, the Govern- 
ment has been successfully 
challenged from the opposite 
point of view:, by. a woman 
perfectly happy to go on 


working until 65, and indeed their own derisions. The im- 
objecting strongly to being portant point, fudged in the 


forced to retire five years 
before her male colleagues. 


reviews but now brought 
sharply into focus, is that the 


Although the judgment by the conditions governing those de- 


European Court that this 
contravenes the roles of the 
European Community against 
sex discrimination applies 


risions should be the same for 
men and women. Just as it was 
patently unfair that a woman 
should be forced to retire 


strictly to public-sector earlier, so it is equally unfair 
employees, it will force the that she should automatically 


British Government along a 
chain of consequential re- 
forms. 

Pu bl i c-sector em ployers 
cannot equalise retirement 
ages below 65 without leaving 
some male employees in finan- 


be entitled to an earlier state 
pension. 

This consequence may still 
be unpalatable to many 
women, but social change is 
already moving in the direc- 
tion of equality. Men are 


rial difficulty - since they, retiring earlier, between 1981 
would not be eligible fora state and 1 983 the proportion aged 
pension. At higher income 60-65 still in the workforce 
levels, this is not important dropped from just under 70 


civil service permanent sec- per cent to just under 60 per 
reiaries, already required to cent, a trend encouraged by 


retire at 60, do fine without the 
basic state pension for a few 
years. But change right down 
the earnings scale will force the 
Government to rethink the 
rules for the state pension 
scheme. This will leave private 
industry out of line, both with 
the views of the European 
Court and with the stale 
pension system. 

The ground for change has, 
fortunately, already been pre- 
pared by the Fowler reviews. 
The Government’s white pa- 
per spoke of the need to move 
to a flexible “decade of 
retirement n . ; during which 
working people could make 


government efforts to lower 
the unemployment figures. 

At the same time the propor- 
tion of women in work has 
been rising; and even now, 
one-fifth carry on beyond 
retirement age. These shifts 
gradually reduce the costs of 
achieving equality. At the 
same time, the European rul- 
ing highlights the oddity of 
British practice. Although we 
are not alone in the European 
Community in stipulating a 
lower retirement age for 
women, France and Germany 
- the heart of the EEC - both 
practise equality. In theory, at 
least. 


Voluntary services 

From Dr Alec Dickson 
Sir. The text of Mr Ruddock's 
letter (February 20) regarding 
funding for tbe law centre and 
migrants' unit in Paddington sug- 
gests some of i be possible reasons 
why he has been disappointed in 
j the response. 

It would be difficult to address 
, 600 separate letters to mists, 
charities and businesses without 
recourse to a word processor. 
Trusts and charities are un- 
sympathetic to mechanically 
duplicated appeals — especially tf 
they have not taken into consid- 
eration the particular interests of 
the trusts and charities concerned. 

Church heritage 

From the Secretary of the 
Churches Main Committee 
Sir, Whatever may be the reasons 
for the smallness of the number of 
grants to Nonconformist churches 
under the scheme of stale aid for 
churches in use. it is unlikely that 
a lack of knowledge of such a 
source of funding (as suggested by 
tbe Architectural Adviser to the 
Victorian Society, February 20) is 
one of them. 

The Churches Main Committee 
have in membership over 40 

Troubled conscience 

From the Reverend Canon .Mark 
Ruston 

Sir, Fifty yards from my vicarage 
here stands the famous All Saints* 
church- 1 have no responsibility at 
all for it, but a letter arrived here 
this morning addressed to “The 
Present Occupier. All Saints' 
Church”. It asks if there is a TV re- 
ceiver and, if so. why it is not 
licensed! . ' „ 

Wfrat should I do. Sir? Theseaxe 
deep theological waters. All Saints 


Are there no volunteers on 
whom the Greater London Citi- 
zens Advice Bureaux Service 
might call — in the name of 
voluntary service — to help in the 
running of tbe law centre and 
migrants’ unit? Outside Greater 
London most citizens’ advice 
bureaux depend almost entirety 
on volunteers. 

When voluntary services cease 
to be connected with voluntary 
service — notably in tbe staffing of 
organisations that appeal for help 
with their funding — something 
goes out of tbe heart of our society. 
Yours etc. 

ALEC DICKSON, 

1 9 Blenheim Road, W4. 

February 20. 

churches and religious bodies 
(including all the main-stream 
Christian denominations) and 
have in the past given the widest 
publicity to the scheme. So that 
there should be no misunder- 
standing in the matter, in 1 982 the 
committee specifically drew the 
attention of churches other than 
the Church of England to foe 
scheme of State aid. 

Yours frith frilly, 

BERNARD M. THIMONT, 

The Churches Main Committee, 
Fielden House. 

Little College Street. gWi, 

is officially a redundant church 
and by definition unused. Should I 
write "Gone away” or “Not 
known here"? Should I give the 
Occupier's permanent address? 
But even the TV licensing authori- 
ties cannot reach there, nor tbe 
Post Office deliver. Perhaps “Try 
the Archdeacon” would be best? 

I am. Sir, your obedient servant, 

MARK RUSTON, 

The Round Church. 

(Holy Sepulchre with AD Saints), 
37 Jesus Lane, Cambridge. 


Winter fuel ruling 

From Mr R. E. K- Holmes 
Sir, Your leader (February 19) 
concerning social security pay- 
ments where exceptionally severe 
weather causes high fuel consump- 
tion was misleading in certain 
respects. 

Contrary to the impression 
given, the circular in question was 
issued by the Chief Adjudication 
officers, not by the Social Security 
Commissioners; this followed a 
decision of a tribunal of three 
Commissioners in an appeal relat- 
ing to single payments to meet fuel 
costs. 

The Commisisioners’ decision 
was based on their construction 
and interpretation of statutory 
regulations made by the Secretary 
of Stale for Social Services. The 
decision held that foe method by 
which claims had been deter- 
mined- by Adjudication Officers 
did not accord with foe language 
of foe regulations. There has been 
no appeal from that decision. 

It is important to recall that the 
Social' Security Commissioners 
are an independent appellate body 
whose function is not to determine 
or advise on policy but rather to 
determine judicially, in the light of 
the relevant statutes and regula- 
tions. cases relating to social 
security matters. 

Yours sincerely, 

R.EK. HOLMES. 

Under Secretary.Courts and Legal 
Services Group, 

Lord Chancellor's Department. 
Neville House. 

Page Street. SW1. 

February 19. 

Wapping dispute 

From Mr D. P. Forbes 
Sir, I am aware that this suggestion 
may be out of place m your 
columns, but I believe that the 
print unions and principally Sogat 
are seeing their current dispute 
with News International in the 
wrong light. If they were to make 
virtue of necessity Sogat would see 
that they have been presented with 
a tremendous oppon unity. 

News International currently 
have printing plant that is surplus 
to their requirements. Sogat. ei- 
ther alone or with assistance from 
other unions, could commit its 
considerable assets to obtain this, 
either by lease or by purchase. 
News International could hardly 
argue an exorbitant price as they 
claim the machinery is yesterday’s 
technology. 

With the workers in possession 
of foe means of production, foe 
way is then open for the launch of 
a truly left-of-centre popular daily 
newspaper, one that foe Labour 
Party has consistently maintained 
does not exist. With so many 
committed trade unionists cur- 
rently unable to buy a paper that 
accurately reflects their political 
views, foe readership potential is 
enormous. 

Surely there exists here some- 
thing worthy of consideration, 
something better than 5.000 peo- 
ple unemployed. 

Yours faithfully. 

D. P. FORBES. 

52 Turnpike Link, 

Croydon. 

Surrey. 

February 17. 

Values all at sea 

From the Master of Jesus College. 
Cambridge 

Sir. Two accidents occurred yes- 
terday (February 21). One caused 
a speck of radioactive dust to 
settle briefly on an engineer's free. 
The other took the lives of 18 
fishermen. Yet the BBC and ITN. 
on their main evening television 
news programmes, gave premier 
places to the first and lowly ones 
to foe second. Whav a distortion of 
values and triumph of fashion 
over compassion. 

Yours faithfully. 

ALAN COTTRELL. 

The Master's Lodge. 

Jesus College. 

Cambridge. 

February 22. 


ON THIS DAY 


FEBRUARY 27 1922 

Henri Disire Landru (1869-1922). 

known as the “Bluebeard of 
Gambau", was arrested in April, 
1919 and charged with die murder 
of 10 women whom he had lured to 
his villa. No bodies were ever 
found but human bones and 
fragments of clothing were found 
in the garden. This little, bald- 
headed, bearded man was known 
to have defrauded 283 females 
during the time he lived a middle - 1 
class life in the company of his 
young mistress. The Charles 
Chaplin film Monsieur Verdoux 
(1947) was loosely based on the 
Landru case. 


LANDRU’S DEATH. 

A MYSTERY UNSOLVED. 
(From Our Own Correspondent-) 
PARIS, FEB 26. 
Henri D&ire Landru. the mur- 
derer of Gambais. was executed at 
Versailles yesterday. He protested 
his innocence to the last, and died 
as enigmatic, as courteous, and as 
queeriy dignified aa ever. 

The mystery of the deaths of 10 
women and one youth for whose 
lives he paid yesterday with his 
own remains unsolved. Even now, 
no one knows how he killed them, 
or why. He swindled his victims, it 
is true, but the sums were never 
large, and if robbery was his motive 
in most cases it could not have 
been what prompted him every 
time, for from one of hia victims he 
had but two francs. 

At about 4 o'clock in the 
morning Landru awoke from a 
fitful slumber - for he was in no 
doubt that his petition for clemen- 
cy had been rejected by the 
President of the Republic - and he 
complained to the warders that it 
was cold. They gave him an extra 
covering, and be rested uneasily 
until the arrival of M. Begum, 
representing Maitre Godefroi. the 
Advocate-General who had de- 
clined to undertake the formal 
duties still to be done, M. Beyiot, 
the Procureur. the Abbe Loisel 
Maitre Moro Giafferi, Landru 's 
counsel, and a colleague, and the 
executioners. 

M. Begum formally announced 
that the petition for pardon had 
been rejected, and urged Landru to 
have courage. Landru quietly 
asked. “To whom have 1 the 
honour of speaking? I do not know 
you." And it was only after M. 
Begum had been properly present- 
ed to him that he took notice of the 
lawyer's announcement. Then 
Landru sank- “I am innocent. But 
I will die bravely. I forgive you all, 
as I know it is not your fruit." The 
traditional cigarette and glass of 
rum be refused, and he rejected tbe 
Abbe Loisel’s offer to hear his 
confession- Similarly he refused to 
have Mass said for him. “1 would 
willingly attend Mass. M. i'Abbfr,” 
he said, “but I do not wish to keep 
these gentlemen wait i n g .'* H» only 
complaint was when he thought 
that the executioners were binding 
him too tightly, but when they 
explained that that was "according 
to regulations" he raised no further 
objection- His plea that his beard 
should not be cut off was listened 
to. The executioners merely 
trimmed it a little for form's sake 
when they were cutting away his 
shirt collar. He warmly thanked 
Me. Moro Giafferi for his efforts to 
save "an innocent man," and when 
ML Beyiot. the Procureur, asked 
him if be had an)' declaration to 
make he answered. “Such a ques- 
tion addressed to an innocent man 
who is already almost in tbe next 
world in insulting-" 

He signed the papers, as the law 
de m a n ds, admitting that all had 
been done duly and in order and at 
last his hour had come. It was a tew 
minutes past 6 when he was 
marched out of his cell. Outside in 
the misty morning light soldiers 
and police surrounded the guillo- 
tine that had been erected a couple 
of yards from tbe prison door. 
Behind tbe police barrier was a 
gathering of ghouiishly curious 
sensation- hunters. A few had come 
in big motor-cars from Paris, 
elaborately dressed and painted 
women and their companions in 
search of a piquant ending to a 
night spent in the cafes of Mont- 
martre. The door of the prison 
opened. A little man in his shirt- 
sleeves. with his big bearded bead 
thrust forward and his hands tied 
behind him, was hurried across a 
couple of yards to the grim 
machine awaiting him. He was 
muttering but quite collectedly -“I 
will be brave. I will be brave." In 
less than 30 seconds from the time 
that the door was opened the knife 
felL 

Meaningful terms 

From Mr Andrew Knipe 
Sir. Mr. K- L Regan's comment 
(February 4) on the drowsiness 
warning on the label of a bottle of 
sleeping tablets is interesting but 
not unusual. As a pharmacist, may 
I say that foe warning was 
probably to be referred, with oral 
reinforcement from the pharma- 
cist present, to foe possibility of a 
“hangover” effect foe next morn- 
ing and the need to take care 
because of this — not such as 
“dopey” idea after all! 

Yours faithfully. 

ANDREW KNIPE. 

Bryn Teg. 

57 Coity Road, 

Bridgpid, 

Mid Glamorgan. 

From Mr John Crockford-Hawley 
Sir. To add to our educational 
vocabulary foe West Country's 
consortium supplier now sells 
“simulator transparent". It used 
10 sell tracing paper. 

Yours faithfully. 

JOHN CROCKfORD- 
hawley, 

Wyvem School 
Geography Department, 
Sandringham Road, 
Weston-super-Mare. 

Avon. 

February 19. 








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14 


THE TJLMfcS THUKaDAY JrJ&tfKUAkr 27 iyoo 



COURT 

AND 

SOCIAL 


COURT 

CIRCULAR 


BUCKINGHAM PALACE 
February 26: His Excellency Dr 
Maurico RosaJes-Rivera was re- 
ceived in audience by Queen 
Elizabeth The Queen Mother 
and The Prince of Wales. Coun- 
sellors of State acting on behalf 
ofThe Queen, and presented the 
Letters of Recall of his prede- 
cessor and his own Letters of 
Credence as Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary from El Salvador to 
the Court of St James's. 

His Excellency was accompa- 
nied by the following member of 
the Embassy, who had the 
honour of being presented to 
Her Majesty and His Royal 
Highness: Senor Roberto 

Tomas Rivas Gardiner (Fust 
Secretary). 

Senora de Rosales bad the 
honour or being received by 
Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother and The Prince of 
Wales. 

Mr John Whitehead (Deputy 
Under Secretary of State for 
Foreign and Common wealth 
Affairs) who had the honour of 
being received by Her Majesty 
and His Royal Highness, was 
present and the Gentlemen of 
the Household in Waiting were 
in attendance. 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother and The Prince of 
Wales. Counsellors of State 
acting on behalf ofThe Queen, 
received Mr Justice Rocfa upon 
his appointment as a Justice of 
the High Court of Justice. Her 
Majesty conferred upon him the 
honour of Knighthood. 

His Excellency Datuk M H 
Kassim was received in farewell 
audience by Queen Elizabeth 
The Queen Mother and The 
Prince of Wales. Counsellors of 
State acting on behalf of The 
Queen, and took leave upon His 
Excellency relinquishing his 
appointment as High Commis- 
sioner for Malaysia in London. 

Datin Kassim had the honour 
of being received by Her Maj- 
esty and His Royal Highness. 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, and Captain Mark 
Phillips this evening attended a 
dinner and fashion show at 
Woburn Abbey organised by the 
Horse Trials Support Group 
and were received on arrival by 
Her Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant ■ 
for Bedfordshire (Lieutenant- 
Colonel Hanmer Han bury). 

Her Royal Highness and Cap- 
tain Mark Phillips travelled in 


an aircraft of The Queen's 
FlighL 

Mrs Malcolm Wallace was in 
attendance. 

CLARENCE HOUSE 
February 25: Major-General 
M Brockbank today bad the 
honour of being received by 
Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother, Colonel-in-Cnief, 
9th/ 1 2th Royal Lancers (Prince 
of Wales's), upon relinquishing 
his appointment as Colonel of 
the Regiment. 

Colonel M ff Woodhead also 
had the honour of being re- 
ceived by Her Majesty upon 
assuming his appointment as 
Colonel of the 9tiyi2th Royal 
Lancers (Prince of Wales’s). 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother was represented by Sir 
Martin Gilliat at the Memorial 
Service for Lord David Cecil 
which was held in the Church of 
St Banholomew-the-Great this 
morning. 

KENSINGTON PALACE 
February 26: The Prince of 
Wales, ColoneJ-in-Chiet The 
Royal Regiment of Wales 
(24th/41st Foot) this morning at 
Kensington Palace received 
Lieutenant-Colonel David 
Bromham on relinquishing 
command of the Fourth Battal- 
ion and Lieutenant-Colonel Mi- 
chael Harry on assuming 
command. 

His Royal Highness, Honor- 
ary Air Commodore, Royal Air 
Force Brawdy. this morning at 
Kensington Palace presented 
The Prince ofWales’ Trophy for 
198S to Flight-Lieutenant 
Charles Everett, RAF. 

The Prince of Wales. Patron, 
Operation Raleigh, this after- 
noon at Kensington Palace re- 
ceived members of the Council 
of Operation Raleigh. 

His Royal Highness, Patron. 
Royal Society for Nature 
Conservation later gave a 
Reception in the State Apart- 
ments, Kensington Palace. 
KENSINGTON PALACE 
February 26: The Duke of 
Gloucester this morning opened 
Saphir - LLG Limited's new 
Potato Factory at King's Lynn 
and in the afternoon visited the 
Norfolk Agricultural Station at 
Moriey St Botolph, Norfolk. 

His Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 
Flight. 

Lt-Col Sir Simon Bland was 
in attendance. 


A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Sir Graham Rowlandson 
will be held at St Margaret's, 
Westminster, today at noon. 


Science report 


Australians baffled 
by vanishing frog 


By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 


Australian scientists are baffled 
by the apparent disappearance 
of the gastric brooding frog, 
believed to be the only vertebrate 
to brood its young in its stomach. 

The frog has vanished from its 
habitat in a small area of 
Queensland's sub-tropical rain 
forest only two years after it was 
found, according to Queensland 
wildlife officials. 

It is the second time the 
species has seemingly become 
extinct. In 1979 the world's Erst 
known species of gastric brood- 
ing frog disappeared seven years 
after it was first discovered in 
the state. 

The frog, which spits out its 
young after swallowing its eggs, 
has gone without revealing row 
it gives birth through its month. 


Scientists have not seen the frog 
lay and ingest the eggs and there 
are no living specimens in any 
Australian laboratories. 


The disappearance may open 
up the debate wrhich has centred 
around the frog for more than a 
decade. The scientific commu- 
nity at first dismissed early 
reports about the existence of 
the frog. 

A paper by Australian 
researchers was rejected as a 
hoax 12 yean ago. Since then 
interest ia the frog has height- 
ened. None has been bred in 
captivity, though one pregnant 
female spat out 22 young at die 
University' of Sou til Australia 
soon after being taken from the 
wild. 


Forthcoming 

marriages 


Mr J.T. Barry _ 
and Dr SJVL Plmnley 
The engagement is announced 
between James, son of Mr and 
Mrs J.M. Bam/, of Johannes- 
burg, South Africa, and Susan, 
daughter of the late Mr R.WJ5. 
Plumley and of Mrs Plmnley, of 
Nettieden. Hertfordshire. 

Mr DJE. Begnely 
and Miss CA. Macadam 
The engagement is announced 
between David, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs R.E.E. Begudy, of 
Auckland, New Zealand, and 
Clare, youngest daughter of Mr 
J.D. Macadam. MBE, and Mrs 
Macadam, of Venado Tuezto, 
Argentina. 

Mr S.W. Day 
and Ms FLA. Raven 
Hie engagement is announced 
between Stephen W illiam, el- 
dest son of Mr and Mrs W.KJ 
Day. of Nutboume, West Sus- 
sex, and Ruth Ann, only daugh- 
ter of the late Mr T.W. Raven 
and Mrs T.W. Raven, 
Pudsey. West Yorkshire: 

Dr KH. Edwards 
and Miss BJVLCromie 
The engagement is announced 
between Kenneth, elder son of 
Mr James Edwards and the late 
Mrs Edwards, of Coleraine, 
Londonderry, and Barbara, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs M.T. 
Cromie, of South. Rauceby, 
Lincolnshire. 

Mr S.P. Garnham 
and Miss EJ. Glover 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Philip, youngest 
son of Dr and Mrs J.C. 
Garnham, of Penn, 
Buckinghamshire, and Emma 
Jane, twin daughter of Mr and 
Mrs MJ.A. Glover, ofGerraids 
Cross, Buckinghamshire. 

Mr SJ. Hall 

and Miss F.HL Newbery-Ecob 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, son of Mr and 
Mrs J.M.C HalL of Dare, 
Sheffield, and Frances, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs D.H. Newbury- 
Ecob, of Haipenden, Hertford- 
shire. 

Mr AJ-L Mayor 
and Miss SJ.T. Mead 
The engagement is announced 
between Alexander, youngest 
son of Professor and Mrs Don- 
ald Mayor. ofTimsbury, Hamp- 
shire. and Sarah, elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Roger Mead, of 
Blagdoo, Somerset. 

Captain AC Middleton 
and Miss&J. Reed 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony Middleton, 
The Light Infantry, son of Mr 
and Mis Peter Middleton, of 
Bristol, and Sandra, youngest 
daughter of Dr and Mrs Con 
Reed, of Sydney, Australia. 

Mr AJ. Mnir-Taytor 
and Miss LA Wilson 
The engagement is announced 
between AJasiair James, only 
son of Dr and Mrs DJ. Muir- 
Taylor, Chigwdl, Essex, and 
Lisa Ann, second daughter of 
Mr and Mrs J.C Wilson, Guerry 
Drive, Macon, Georgia, United 
States. 

MrT-M. Reast 
and Miss J.C. Harding 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy Martin, only 
son of Mr and Mrs Gordon 
Reast, of Ackworth, Yorkshire, 
and Joanna Claire, only daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mis Vernon 
Harding, of Wookey Hole, 
Somerset. 


Marriage 


Mr MjG. Smith 
and Miss S.C. Britton 
The marriage took place on 
February 12 at St Pius X 
Church, Bethesda, Wales, of Mr 
Martin Smith, son of Mr and 
Mrs K_A Smith, of Bexley 
Heath, Kent, and Miss Sophia 
Clare Britton, daughter of Dr 
and Mrs R.S. Britton, of Lon- 
don. 


Birthdays today 


CHILD HAS FARTDSO* FREWS CHILD IS 


SO 



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i 


l/T 




ZK3 

C? 

3 

3* 




u 

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i 


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C£ 


& 


Thursday’s child is finding it 
hard to go anywhere. He’s 
handicapped, she’s deprived. 
You’d think they’d been bom 
on Wednesday. 

We don’t. Dr Bamardo’s 
works night and day helping 
thousands of youngsters to- 
wards a happier life. 

But many, many more need 
this extra expert attention. 
And so it’s up to you — to be- 
come a Friday’s Child today. 


O 




=< 


in 


m 


© Bamardos 



XD 


send your donations or write for inform- 
ation to Dr Bamardo'Sf Barkingside, 
Essex IG6 1QG (01) 550 8822. 


oa 


The Marquess of Bute, 53; 
Viscount Cowdray, 76; Mr Law- 
rence DurrelL 74; Vice-Admiral 
Sir '"Kaye Ed den. Si; Sir Peter 
Emery. MP, 60; Sir Berkeley 
Gage. 82; Sir Philip Hay, 68; Mr 
Mervyn Jones. 64; Mr Hugh 
Leggatt, 61; Mr G. Maitland 
Smith, 53; Air Marshal Sir 
Harold Martin, 68; Mr Ralph 
Nader. 52; Sir Algernon 
Rumbold. 80; Mr M.M. Shearer, 
62; Miss Antoinette Sibley, 47; 
Miss Elizabeth Taylor. 54; Lord 
Young of Graflham, 54. 



OBITUARY 


ladyfxeming 

Greek patriot and politician 


* 



Amalia Fleming, the widow 
of Sir Alexander fleraiTig. the 
discoverer of penriHin, died 
yesterday at d^ age of 73. 

She was a bacteriologist in 
her own right, but she will be 
best remembered in Greece as 
a fiery patriot and politician. . 
She tod a remarkable gift fbr 
making friends and helping 
people in need . * " 

It was the combination of 
this unbridled patriotism and 
inborn philanthropy that got 
her into serious trouble during 
the years of the military 
dictatorship 'in Greece' be-, 
tween 1967 and 1974. She. 
became involved in ait abor- 



atic. She ter- became his 


rated .with him. oh several 
papers. - ;J"‘ 

In I95T she was offered an 
important post at the .main 
Athens . hospital, 
Evangfcefismos; a year later, 
Fleming, who was m Aihenjg 
to attend a meeting of the 
Worid Medkal Association, 
proposed to heft They.-tere 
married in. 1953 fin# in-Ghri- 
sea, then at tire Greek Ortho- 
dox church in Bayswatcft . 

lie died two jtewS.Titer at 
the age of74,and she itfenwl 
once again lo Greece^ 

' Her health had been poor 
and she suffered froai drabc- 
ksl Her condition 


r .a - f .. t 


A portrait by Sir Joshua Reynolds of his great-niece, aged 
seven, will be indaded in Sotheby's sale of British Paintings 
1500—1850 on March 12. “Simplicity — Portrait of .Miss 
TheophUa Gwatkin” is estimated to sell for £150,000— 
£200,000. Reynolds sold die painting in a studio sale in 1796 
for £13 2s 6d; in 1884 it was sold for £160; in 1905 for 2,100 
guineas ami in 1920 for 651 guineas. 


Price surprise for 
Blanchard pastel 


By Hnon Mallafien 

Works by Maria Blanchard Notre Dame de Vaudreuil by 
surprised the auctioneers at Gustave Loiseau (estimate 
Sotheby’s yesterday by selling £15,000-£20,000). 
for about four times the pre- On Tuesday in 


tive plot by the resistance to 

help in the escape of Alexan- World War.She studied medi- 
der Panaghouto who was one at the- University of cddurit!^l^tiWnti«m1?y the 
being tortured in jail after his Athens and after qualifying. jtmffl wficn hgjpferwy ato fs 

tiie specialised in. bactenolo- * ,J * 
gy. 

During the, Second World 
War she bdped many British 
and New Zealand scridzers 
stranded in occupied Greece, 
to escape to the Middle East. 

. Arrested by the Italian au- 
thorities for her underground 
acti vites, she feigned an acme 
appendkatisiaibe hope that it 
might be easier to escape from - 
the prison hospitaL Instead 
she was suEgccted to an unneo 
essary appendectomy ' and 
handed over to the Gestapo. 

When British troops liberated 


sale estimates. 

A pastel study of a sad- 
looking Breton, which had 
been backed with canvas, 
made £23.000, paid by a 
private bidder, against expec- 
tations of between £4,000 and 
£5,000. This was drawn in the 
late 1920s. An oil painting by 
Blanchard of a boy made 
£1 9,800 against an estimate of 
from £3,500 to £4,500. 

The top price in the morn- 
ing sale of Impressionist and 
Modem works was £24,750 
paid by an Australian dealer 
for a view of the church of 


Tuesday in New York 


Christie’s East sold nineteenth 
century European paintings to 
a total of $523,930 or 
£346.973 with 18 per 
bought in. 

At Phillips in London yes- 
terday a good pair of terrestri- 
al and celestial globes made in 
1809 by Dudley Adams sold 
for £9,350 (estimate £4,000— 
£6,000). In a sale of miniatures 
and gold boxes a George Q 
table snuffbox in two-colour, 
gold which tod belonged to 
the late Sir Charles Gore, 
made £6,050 (estimate 
£5,000— £7,000). 


unsuccessful attempt on the 
life of the dictator, George 
Papadopoulos. 

She was arrested, court- 
martialkd, and sentenced to 
16 months' imprisonment in 
September 1971.. But because 
of her name (there was hardly 
a Greek town dr village with- 
out a street named after her 
husband), she was an embar- 
rassment to the junta. 

So four weds after her 
conviction she was deprived 
of her Greek nationality and 
deported to London on her 
British passport. Two years 
later she tned to return by 
mixing inconspicuously with a 
group of tourists, but- she was 


would deny tof a driok of 
water tolorceber to name her 
accomplices. After her depor- 
tation uv London tb- E97i; she 
continued helping the Greek , 

resistance^: - .■?■■■ '■ * . 

On the.'faO of tbe junta in 
1974, she. ne uir de d to Athens 
and became aajive mbcdizics. 
Three years later_ OT? was 
asked by Andreas Fapandreou 
to join theriationat Hst of his 
Panheflenic Socnfist : Move- 


s 1 - 


' m'lhe.opp£K»?soit 

, Ekctedtottte'Gtedfefi’arlk- 
meat she was a».acfivedele- 


Greecein 1944, she was found gate io the C Europe 

in jaiL AssemKy, and .worted on 

She was. awarded a British Rasok*5 cotnariotb. for :fer- 


recognised at Athens airport Council scholarship m l 946 dgn af&frs md labour. Tn the 

and turned back. - , ■■ •* ^ 

Bom in Istanbul in 1912 
where her father, Dr Harikios 
Coutsouris, was practising as a 
physician, she was only two 
when her family fled to Athens 
after the outbreak of the Hist 


and went to work with Alexan- „ elections . of 1981 In which 
der Fleming at . St Mary’s Pasck swOpt thepofis, she was 
Hospital, London .as his. first elected deputy . for Aitens. 
woman assistant She tod She fiyirf in a modest one- 
always -admired his scientific room flat in tbe city. auround- 
skill and his dedicasum to the ed fry gtnutetudfe.ofcats. to. 
search for a non-toxic armht- whom die was dedicated. # 


VICTOR CANNING 


Eton College 


Muse scholarships 
Benjamin Charles' -Beer (St 
John’s College SchooL Cam- 
bridge), Thomas Patrick Bias 
(King's College SchooL Cam- 
bridge), Yohan Roshan 
Uyanage (St George's SchooL 
Windsor), Paul Martin 
Plummer (St John's College 
SchooL Cambridge), Jonathan 


James Lander (Edge Grove, 
Aldenham), Rupert Mark Wagg 
(S unning dale School). 


Honorary music exhibitions 
Sean Patrick Dennis Akins 
(Bilton Grange. Rugby). Ashley 
Giles Alexander-Cooper (The 
Pilgrims' SchooL Winchester), 
Thomas Benjamin Guard (Edge 
Grove, Aldenham), David Paul 
Howard-Jones (The Cathedral 


Nicholas Michael Rippon' SchooL Llandaff), William Ru- 
(Quainton HalL Harrow), Ed- fus Benjamin McDonwdl (Colel 


mund Charles Lorenz Wilson 
(King's College SchooL Cam- 

Music exhibitions 
Christian Albert Flackett 
(Yariet HalL Stafford), John 


Court, London), Edward Wil- 
liam Andrew Shrager (King's 
College School, Cambridge), 
Lionel Scrymsoure Steuart 
Fothringham (Sunningdale | 
School). 


Victor Canning, who died 
on February 21 at the age of 
74, was a prolific popular 
novelist who was adept in a 
variety of genres. 

His best selling speciality 
was spy and mystery stories, 
generally set in exotic overseas 
locations, but he had also 
written comic novels, tales of 
childhood adventure, annual 
stories and latterly a series of 
historical romances which in- 
cluded an Arthurian series. 

Vastly prolific in a career , 
which extended over fifty 
years. Canning was equally at 
home asacreatorof convinc- 
ing character and as a purvey- as well , as with a degree of leg 
or of high melodrama; but his-- pulling.' • ; 

loyal following were -pexhaps ~ 
most addicted to his 7 plots. 



- big -screen ..succe^es, estab* 
Hsbed hHn a5-a master' of the 
genrein the Fiftiesand Sixties. 
Camung used laughingly to 
j. say-foht tohad to Set dmwar- - 
'■ ons a d ven tm e S involving £n- 
■5 g fi s hm en, in foferigg locations 
‘ Because ‘in.tifis^boputryyou 
cou!d; : always call a 
poficemurl ?> •“•! • - 
Always ready .©xperi- 
meat, however; he embgked 
-on an ammti Steryand isadea 
consderAte impact with The 
Runaways (1972), a moving 
aojy'of the tdationshrp be- 
tween a fugitive cheetah and 
an on^aiCwhoaMltto tu(L 
The Doomsday CarriefXi 976) 
is about a chiropanzee which 


Luncheon 


CarltouCluh 

The Political Coramitiee of the 
Carlton Club held a luncheon 
yesterday at which the guest of 
honour and speaker was Mr 
Peter Riddell. Mr Eric Koops, 
chairman of the committee, 
presided and Mr Joseph Egerton 
also spoke. 


Service dinner 


Aberdeen, Draidee and 
St Andrews Universities’ 

Air Squadron 

Aberdeen, Dundee and St An- 
drews Universities' Air Squad- 
ron held its annual dinner a 1 
King's College, Old Aberdeen, 
last night Squadron Leader AJ. 
Park, Commanding Officer, pre- 
sided and the guest of honour 
was Air Chief Marshal Sir 
Patrick Hine. The other guests 
included: 

The . principals cf Aberdeen and 
Dundee Universities. Hie Principal or 
Robert Gordon's mfflule of TectinoJ- 


ooy. Aberdeen, members of the 
Muinry Education Committees of Uie 


Universities of Aberdeen. Dundee and 
SI Andrews, ttia Air Officer 
Cammandino-toGhlef RAF Support 
Command.- the Air Officer Command. 
Inq and .Commandant of RAF College 
CranweU and Uw Air Officer Scotland 
and Northern Ireland. 


Ball 


Engtish-SpeflJtiag Union 
Sir Donald Tebbit, Chairman of 
the English-Speaking Union of 
the Commonwealth, and the 
Hon Mrs Colvin, chairman of 
the ball cosnnirtiee, Mrs Ray-: 
mood Seitz and Mr Brett Bent- 1 
Icy-Leek, joint deputy 
chairmen, received guests at the ! 
Geroge Washington ball hdd at ] 
Grosvenor House last night 
The principal guests included: 

The Moll Oonuntatoner for Malawi 
and Mrs Mkona. the HJtfi OanuiUs- 
aloner for Sri Lanka and Mrs 
Monerawela. the_ Acting High 
ConunisaioTwr for Ghana and Mrs 
Cafo. Mr Raymond Srtcr viscount 
and Viscountess MacralUan of 
Ovgufen. Sir Peter Marshall. Mr 
Mkrtraei Colvin. W, Mr Atan Lee 
wfinams. Dtrector-GeneraJ of the 
English -Speaking Union of the 
commonwraim. and Mrs Lee Wil- 
liams. 


affeirs of brain-taxiiig com- in the Royal Artillery he had a 
plexitjr and in^nious' inveti- stimifliis -Jo write in lto 
livehcsi promptings of a loyal batman 

Victor Canning was bom on who, was in the habit of 


Juoeil, 191 1» and earned his 
first wages as a clerk. However 
his very first novel, a comedy, 
Mr Finchley Discovers His 
England (L934) released him 
from this 1 7s -6d -a week 


servitude by . becoming 
overnight best seller. 

It was followed, fry other 
books in the same mode 
which established Canning as 
a humorist with an eye for 
human foibles which surveyed 
his characters - generally lowly 
denizens of dreary offices - 
with affectionate compassion. 


-The war-gavea. check to sl. jras-bcooiinfected with a killer 
ma nuring career, though even —dfce®e and the n esca p e s ; 

* * — * *— J ‘ Thus period also saw Can- 
ning devefoping^ti interest in 
hKtoricat: romance and his 
Arthurian novels, The Crim- 
son Chalice, The Circhrof the 
Gods and The Immortal 
Wound, if they appealed to a 
different following from that 
of his thrillers.- avoided the 
Wardour Street English which 


rebuking Major Canning - in 
the morning if be felt that the 
boss tod not been long enough 

at his typewriter the previous 
' it - 

’s wartime experi- 


anencein espionage also enabled -is theplagueof the genre, were 


trim to add to his stock in 
trade as a novelist, and wten 
he began publishing again 
after the war it was with spy 
stories and thrillers. A steady 
stream of these, among which 
The Golden Salamander. 
House of the Seven Flies and 
Venetian Bird, also became 


entertaining and well re- 
ceived. . 1 

Canning remained- down- 
to-earth about his Success 
which also took him to Holly- 
wood and into television as a 
scriptwriter/T simply fry Jt 
give -the public its moneys 
worth" was his dictum . 


Royal Caledonian 
Ball, 1986 

The Royal Caledonian Ball will | 
be held on Monday, May 19, at | 
Grosvenor House, London, W ] . i 
Tickets, at £25, will be available 
from mid-March from The Sec- 
retary. 94 Elms Road, London, 
SW4 9EW. Telephone: 01-622 
6074. 


SIR MILES CLIFFORD 


Memorial services 


Lord Derwent 

The Lord Chancellor read the 
first lesson at a memorial ser- 
vice for Lord Derwent held at St 
Margaret's, Westminster, yes- 
terday. Canon Trevor Beeson 
officiated. The Hon Francis 
Johnstone, grandson, read the 
second lesson. The Bishop of 
Hull and Canon J.SD. Mansel 
led the prayers. The Lord Presi- 
dent of the CounciL also 
representing the Prime Min- 
ister, attended. Among those 
present were: 


ben. Mr jtnd Miw Charles Amt. Mr 

^^ f ^d j ^SSSSl s 55?^ 

Mr Rupe rt Murd och fdwferman. 
Times Newspaper* Hohungs *nd 
Time* N ewapa paraL Str Edward Pick 


tmanaoingiflreaor. Times News- 
papen) and M n GfUcrwie. Mr a 
EK qaeiLMr J CoBter. Mr W O-NeU 


Mr M. RudatcHrectors. ' 
' coital Webb Id 


sasrwysfi 1 *„**«**& 


Lord and Lady Derwent (son 
dauflMer-ln 4 aw|. Mr and llte Hen i 
Janie* wtatemomam. 

Johnstone and the 
Johnstone - 


Bin 


non Alan and Mrs Hare. Lady 
Q-aniiey. Mrs Feflx aS» 

VtaWnU Johnstone . Colonel and Mrs 
Rlrtwd McCaig. Major and Mrs CoUn 
Pelham-Bum. Mme Jeanine 
HeiBMsnr. 

_ Eaift 



In Paradisium. Mr Kevm 
Coates and Miss NeT Romano 
played Vivaldi's Concerto in D, 
Mr Llewellyn Rayappen played 
an excerpt from Franck's Sym- 
phonic Variations, and Mr Si- 
mon Gutteridge played Widor’s 
Toccata. Among those present 
were: 

Mrs Monahan (wWowj, Mr and Mra 
bn Davtdawn wm-tn-uw and daugtw 
tert- Mta Judy Monahan. Miaa Jana 
Monahan and Dmtey Monanan (dauafa- 
Wtt Mr Jerome Monahan. Mr 
Anthony Monahan and Mark. 
Monahan (sonsL Mrs Jim Monahan 
^g^^awj. CU» and ptmem, 


TW*gr. sKSrlzJ wS IfrBMa 

Mr P Fhortt Mr A. pamini 


errem. viscount Long. Lord 
„ JdJde. Lord Motson. Lord 

Nugent o t OuUdford. Lord and Lady 

Gladwyn. Lord Grtmthorpe. Loro 

SwBe- L«d AhtedanLLord Denham. 

\ssurtsst & 

Storey. Sr Paul Biyan^MP. and Lady 
Bryan. Sr Michael Shaw. MP. and 
tAdy Shaw. Lady HanUna. Lady 
Douglas- PennanL 




Roan Feoeratioru 

igmtOTK , Mrs Donald 

Rear-Adtnlra} md Mrs Royer CMek. 
Mr and^Mrajlioiiias w&son. Mr 
Hubert Cham. OC, and Mrs Dunn. Mr 


Mrs w. Exton. Mr and Mrs 
D CampbenTM?F , ^A^ < Sd Mra 

_Mr g BMprmtLMr P Jomtt. Mr R 
Dunham. Mr John Hunter Murray. 

Mr M Harrtagigti. Mr R Saunders. Mr 

a Fbtwr. Mr c G HuSd. Mr a 

Forman. Mra PM Bhnvn. Mra Canobffl 
C Jones. Mr M 


Henry Monahan I 

MMorie Taylor, 

The Hon Mar* and Mrs Bantam 
Carter, the hot Lady nsiiimif 

c aar. Royal Opera Houk). I 
iNico las Owe Uiam. Lady D aras f ord. 

Si-ms jiate- 


Us®* 


Sir Miles CUflbrti. KBE, 
CMG, a distinguished colo- 
nial administrator, who was 
from 1946 to 1954 Governor 
and Commander-in-Chief of 
the Falklands, died on Febru- 
ary 21, aged 88. 

Geoffrey Miles Gifford was 
bora in 1897, the son of 
Maurice Clifford. He was 
educated privately and at 
University College, London, 
where- he gained a diploma in 
anthropology. 

After serving in France and 
Flanders during the First 
World War and later with the 
army of occupation on 
Rhine, he was appointed in 
1921 to the administration 
service in Nigeria. 

Clifford was posted to the 
Northern Provinces and be- 
came acting resident in 1934. 
Four years later be was trans- 
ferred: to Lagos as a principal 
assistant secretary. During-the 
early part of the Second World 
War he commanded the' Lagos 
Defence Force. 

In 1942 he was seconded for 
special duty, arid served for 
two years as Colonial Secre- 


This was characteristic of 
the vigour . arid', enthusiasm 
with which Clifford - carried 
out- bis duties, and be made 
several journeys in to Antarcti- 
ca. . - 


tary of Gibraltar before re- 
turning to" the Nigerian service 
as senior resident in 1944. 

In the following year Clif- 
ford was seconded as Chair- 
man of the Salaries 
Commission for Cyprus and 
in 1946, after an interlude .at 
the Colonial Office in Lon- 
don, he was appointed Govcr- _ 

nor and Commander-in-Chief. dragged ito r isten{fe^ kicking 
of the Falkland Islands. mid screaming, into -the twen- 

His responsibility covered beth century. ‘ ^ ' 

not only the islands them- — : .. -• . - 

selves but their Antarctic De- ,_ un hls retirement in .1954, 
pendencies,, which were by ' ■ 10 London and 

then becoming the. object of HTYfd fear three years as-Chief 
tto much wternauonaJ interest. ^^“ P e re nce _ Warden _ foj, 
Indeed ~ 


It was' said of Gifford that 
he would always- be remem- 
bered as the governor who had 


on one occasion 
when a party from the explo- 
ration ship, John Biscoe, tod 
put ashore on G raham Land, 
only to', he . forced- back on 
board at gunpoint by a group 
of Argentine soldiers, Clifford 
called up a British frigate, 
deliberately sending his mes- 
sage in dear, not code, so that 
it should be understood when 
monitored by the aggr essors. 
This achieved ijs effect and 
the intruders were gone in 24 
hours . 


Collier. Mr David Wafl. 
MM JaaFraneu. Mr A rthur SOTrnuel 
Omsurar. rctnvMnt&ifl Immm 

carcif). Mr and Mra B a 


MR R. JON HARVEY 


Westminster. From 1955 tO 
1958 he was a member of the 
London County Councfl. 

. Among his other activities 
he was a vice-presidem of the 
Royal Geographical Society, 
director of the Leveihnhne 
Trust* honorary organizer of 
the Mental Health .Research 
■Fund, -and - a member of the 
Overseas Migration Board, 
the Conservative Common- 
wealth 'Council and the com- 
mittee of managemeritof the 
Trans-Antarctic .Expedition. 


MrJQft n_FMd (arttattc director. Brttasti 

mSs&S 

St 

Worm aw (ehsifiTOtn.i 


DBVM M 
Norman 


Frank d'Abrcu. 


WeniaaonalL Mr and Mn 
brnu Mbo^teno Nicholas 


Arts 




Mr 


LecipoM de RnOwchttcL'Mts* 

a* Roth tehUd. Mr Marti Evans 

Jerenor Leech. Mr and Mrs P Mssen. 
ftmlitn R s Frrrand. Mrs trow 
Hunur. Mr and Mr# G T HoBebone. 

Jwt&noL Mr Ewen 
- W. Mr BlMrt MdRwni. Mr 
wid Mra -Thomas wnson. aanw 
Varae. Mias Emma PBrtflcar. Mr P A 
Rratodi and Mr M Francis, 


wumhlbasf. C rtxio ink. Lank? 
*. NAPp Svnont. PakHsJ In- 


Mr Bu Lawrence .t, . 

A service of thangSgjving for the 
life of Mr Brian Lawrence was 
held yesterday ai_St Bride’s, 
Fleet Street. Canon - John Oates 
Officiated. Mr Brett Lawrence, 
son. read from the works of 
HiJIaire Belloc and Mrs Linda 
Exion. daughter, read die lesson. 
Mr Chris Lawrence, son, read 
from the works of Rudyard 
Kipling and Mr Justin Dukes. . 
Managing Director of Channel 
4u gave an address. Among those 
present were: 


Graphic System. OcBtan&Oun Prtnt- 
«i. Crabtree Vickers. Oscar 
Frtotbetm. _Rawanaon and Hunter. 
Diroont UK, cm*. Clarke and 
Gallon na ugh. Erie 8e (arose. 
™bburw Ink. _ frtntera‘ Choity 
CorporaBon. Trafalgar House, ndu. 
Cron Graphics. AUUd Prtct FSD 
ICenns mO. Vag abonds Club. Drtng 
Asaoc la ie a. Heap Lav erack. BDP Mews 
gtot In ca Ort RysOTcfa Association 

‘8S5-i&AZ££ SK c ^- M 


Orantll os I 

Drtseou. MrB 

Mrs David «suuli»ii. Mil— 1 
Lamb. Mrs Wcha nl.Marrtpn. Mr and 
I Mrs Gordon Edaraa 


Mr Richard Jon Harvey, 
QC, died suddenly on Febru- 
ary 21, aged 68, having tod a 
distinguished legal career. . . 

Born on August 30, 1917 in 
County Westmead, he was 
educated at schools in Ireland,- 


mrdennis 

THOMAS ... 

Mr Dennis Thomas, chaii*^ 
man of Schretber Holdings; a 
^British - producer of 
branded fiirmtitre,' .has been 
found dead in hi$ : car at the 
^eof63, after a lifetime in the 


ELnrrtngioo-SoWn, Mr 

Peter Morris (finance duvetor^ RranU 
Festival patlett. Mr W ctard ant 


Mra Lawrenee fwiaowj, Matthew 
So™ Exton tgrADdcJUHrenj* “ ' 


Mr J. Monahan 
A memorial service for Mr 
James Monahan was held on 
Tuesday at St Paid's, Covent 
Garden, The Rev Michael 
Hurst-Bannister. Senior Chap- 
lain of the Actors' Church 
Union, officiated. Mr Jim 
Monahan, son, read the lesson, 
and addresses were given by Mr 
Richard Lamb ana Mr David 
Vaughan. The Royal Ballet 
School Choir sang Sanctus from 
Faure’s Masse de Requiem, Pieu 
Jesu. in which Miss Erin 
O' Hanlon was the soloist, and 


1980 he was elected a Bencher 
Of Grays Inn. 

^■Harvey was widely respect- 
cd^and popular, both inside 
and outade the profession. He 

raucaieoai scnoois in Ireland, 5^“ ^ “ °*attefalifeti 

and at Trinity CoDese, Dub- with a tomttire mdusttv. ' 

Ito where he obtained a first : ence. !*»“ Hehadbeem^icuitedwith 

class degree in history and. . , . . .. . - Schreiber aiice I967 Whcii it 

political science. Volunteering “ *P«toIised, and took oyer Greaves & Thomas, 

for the British Army in mi S™* * author- a femily S 

Mr&Sphxd he was coriunissioned in the- ’^•'“•“oquitediflfcrentareas which been founded hy 

A inanoralsernce faMrSm Royal Artillery, in which he «i*s, gamuig and hcensing, his grand&to 1UUIKKU . 1 
tB&^&Z!***** -served for the remainder of .“^'^aurJaw, and his ser- At first rrnnr ^. . scoroe' 

^ ,'T' 7 15 _ cal,ed i“ ^ r**™* dilS. ThSs 

- - English bar by Grays Inn in ™ ain ootn types of work. ,becamtin 1974,depotydiair' 

1947 * .s' . In 197 lhe produced his text ““*to Mf'Ctoim^ ^Storefoer. 

He tod a keen - interest in took Harvey on' Industrial y 1 ? Schreiber company 
politics and stood as Conser- Relations which tosbecome a fotmder, . at the time when 
vative candidate in; four dec- stondard and leading work in Schreiber became part iff tto 
tions, WoolwirihCEast in 1951 field, ffe was also a Electric Company, 

and 1952, and . Romford in _ frequent contributor ; to le^ The , Schreiber family 
1955 and 1959. But it was the journals and, in aligbter van, 1 ' 

law, in all its variety,' to which ™ 'wete (pseudonymously) 


SpiegeL son, read the 23rd 
Psalm. Mr -Harold Pinter. Lord 
Weidenfeid and Mr Edward 
Heath, MP, gave addresses. 
Among those present were 
Kra Sutegel fwMowj; Lady Lmr of 

Manamter. Lord B«Ty*Hru Lord and 

Lady Ray nr. Lady Anuui Prater, 

Lady Aimabal o5*mim.0ie Hon Mra 

Bobcrt Rayne. Ott Uh Natasha 
Rayne. in# Non Pandora Mono, sir 
jotw Woolf. Mte* Teou Kenwly. Mra 
Jack Hawkins. Mr Andrew Hawkins. 
Mr and Mra Laurence Evan s. Mr Ben 
Kingsley. Mr JotiA Morttmer. QC. Mr 
Nai Coften. Mr and -Mra Micnael 
While. Mbs Pamela Hodge. Mrs 
Kannetn Tynan. Mr M ark-TJiunap- 
QC. and airs unman. Mr. Keooetti 

Maidnwnt wneskteut. Brltisb FUn and 

•Tetectstoa Producer* AteOckiUon). Mr 
Johnny Goodman am; Mr Tom 
NKtWtaa (dulnun. CbhanMa Pfc- 
turesL 


-r*v 


•iV " 1 


Id to 


a- 

seer* • 




■'hi 


\'-1 


■t,K 


».l’i 


.t •_ 


"k! 


-r»i! 

*•••<« 

rs'Tai 




v 




As S i 


Tjpilh 

1*fc» 

A 






J t 


.F-wil 

M 




i'*. 

V- ;■» 




'.’V 


w, 

.'•Ju' 


■» \ 
u 

*'* 

Vfii 

-kw 

.•Weft 


bou^n hack foe business in 
I' , but . when :'Ctoti& 
Scmgbqr died fo 
Mr David ~ ‘ 


lie was finally devoted. As a 
junior he established a large, 
mainly civil, practice. 

He .became, a QC in 1970 


several booto'of fiction. 

In 1952 be «as received into 
the Roman Catholic church 

He 




! rwifi 
■«. * 


+4* 


married,. . • in 


JL 



and was appointed a Crown Yvonne E^her, who*suri?£ 
Cotfft Recorder in 19,72. In 


managing director: with 
• nomas taking on .the ctofr- 


I,-, -r- 

■&;; £ 


“^sbfolater in ttoiyear- 


SS' 


iiV, 


*4, 

i,f vvn 
■Nrtfc* 

» t* -1 




vV.-. *••• 

J'w rai ■ - - U1! "A - i*. • ' « 

V • ilvM SA *•• • - - +- ■" , 




A?. 

‘ *•" ’*%m '• 
A*# 

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»3* 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 


LAW 


15 


European Law Report 


Luxembourg 


UK retirement ages against EEC law 




Marshall v Southampton «««< 
Sorth-West Hampshire Area 
Health AvOoritifTeidiag) 

‘ Case 152/84 

.-.Before Lord Mackenzie Stuart, 
President and Judges U. 
c-.V. Everlinfc . . K. Bahlmann, G. 
“ Bosco. T. Kftopmkns. O. Due 
... andT. OTfiggins. 

Advocate General Sir Gordon 
.. Synn 

‘ (Judgment given February 26J 

The dismissal of a woman 
. ," r - ' from her employment solely 
because die had attained the 
_ -v .'■,*“ qualifying age for a slate peit- 
■ , sion, where that age was dif- 

• .* (brent for men and for women, 

.. 1 . e constituted discrimination on 

' the ground of sex contrary to 

— ' H Community law. 

0"V Where a person was involved 
■i in legal proceedings before the 
'■;Cr : courts of a member, state he 
. might rely on a directive as 
’•* „ > h ' ; agamsi the state regardless of the 
■ -i , capacity. in which the latter was 
. “'•■v'-’ acting, whether as employer or 
tunic ' 


sex contrary to the Sex 
Discrimination Act 197S and to 
Community law. 

The industrial tribunal up- 
held her claim in so fix as it was 
based upon infringement of the 
principle of equality of treat- 
ment laid down by Council 
Directive No 76/207. That pan 
of the tribunal's decision was set 
aside by the Employment Ap- 
peal Tribunal and Miss Mar- 
shall appealed against that 
decision- to the Court of Appeal 
which re fe rred two questions to 
the Court of Justice of the 
European Communities for a 


ient the European 


lion contained in article 7 
live No 79/7 concerned 
the consequences which 
pensionable age had for social 
security benefits, the present 
case was concerned with dis- 
missal within the meaning of 
article 5 of Directive No 76/207. 

The answer to the Court of 
AppeaTs first question was 
therefore that dismissal of a 
woman solely because she had 
reached the qualifying age for a 


concerned had correctly im- 
plemented the directive in na- 
tional law. 

Finally,- with regard to the 
question whether the provision 
contained in article 5(1) of 
Directive No 76/207, which 
implemented the principle of 
equality of treatment set out in 
article 2(1} of the directive 
might be considered, as for as its 
contents were concerned, to be 
unconditional and sufficiently 


state pension, where precise to be relied upon by an 

dnfemt for men and for individual as against the state, it 




as public authority. 

The appellant. Miss M. H. 
Marshall, who was bam on 
■‘-■-i 7 February a, 1918, bad been 
employed. by the respondent 
-.r v i health authority from June 1 966 
V .to March 


health authority fro 

1 31, 1980. On that date. 


shortly after she tad reached the No 76/207. 
of 62. she had been dis- ArriHf s 


In its i _ . 

Court of Justice hekfc 
The court observed in the first 
place that the question of inter- 
pretation which had been re- 
ferred to it did not concent 
access to a statutory dr occupa- 
tional retirement scheme, that is 
to say the conditions for pay- 
ment of an old-ege or retirement 
pension, but the fixing of an age 
limit with regard to the termina- 
tion of employment pursuant to 
a general policy concerning 
dismissal. The question there- 
fore related to the conditions 
governing dismissal and fed to 
be considered under Directive 


odent 


■Jp— n y 

- r '- missed despite halting expressed 

:• her willingness to continue in 

her employment as a senior 
dietician until she reached the 
. "■<* :- age of 65. 

The sole reason for the dis- 
>. missal whs the feet that the 

r • t v appellant was a woman who had 
»- passed ‘The normal retirement 

v- *■ age" applied by the respondent 

to woman employees. 

: V.': Since 1975 the r 
.v<*.had followed a _ 
i'r j ni ti®t the normal, retirement age 
■ ^* : ..- 1 .was the age at which social 

- .. ■ -■■■. security pensions became pay- 
v, * ‘able. 

i _ The SocsaJ Security Art 1975 
provided that state pensions 
- • •« were to .be granted to- men, from 

the age of65 audio women from 
V* the age of 60. However, the 

V legislation did not impose any 

obligation to retire at the age at 
which the state pensios became 

- payable. 

in Miss MarshalTs case, bow- 
. -. v'ever, the respondent had waived 
. its general policy by employing 
■"•-her for a further two years after 
‘she had reached the age of 60. - 
■“* !I’ : V Since she had suffered finan- 
• dal loss consisting of the dif* 

. ... ~ 7> -. ference between her earnings as 
_ . an employee of the respondent 

" '• and her pension and since she 
had lost the satisfaction she 
derived from her work, the 
. . ■ " appellant instituted proceedings 
" J -against the respondent before an 
V. industrial tribunaL 

7 V • She contended that her dis- 
■ * 1 missal at the date and for the 
reason given by the respondent 
constituted unlawful 


Article 5(1) of that directive 
provided that application of the 
principle of equal treatment 
with regard to working con- 
ditions, including the conditions 
governing dismissal meant that 
men and women were to be 
guaranteed the same conditions 
without discrimination on the 
ground of sex. 

In its judgment in Case 19/8 1, 
Burton v British Roitwovs 
Botuti, ([1982] BCR 555) the 
court stated that the term 
“dismissal™ contained in that 
provision was to be given a wide 
interpretation. 

Consequently, an age limit for 
the compulsory dismissal of 
workers pursuant to an 
employer's general 
concerning retirement 
within the term “dismissal" 
construed in that maimer, even 
if the dismissal involved the 
gram of a retirement pension. 

However, in view of the 
fundamental importance of the 
principle of equality of treat- 
ment article 1(2) of Directive 
No 76/207. which excluded 
social security matters from the 
scope of that directive, had to be 
interpreted strictly. . 

Consequently, the exception 
to' the prohibition of discrimina- 
tion on the ground of sex 


na 


was drffcmt for men and 
women, constituted discrimina- 
tion on the ground of sex 
contrary to the directive. 

It was thus necessary to 
consider whether arude 5 of 
Directive No 76/207 might be 
relied upon by an individual 
before national courts and tri- 
bunals. 

Where the provisions of a 
directive appeared, in so for as 
their subject-matter was con- 
cerned, to be unconditional and 
sufficiently precise, those pro- 
visions might be relied upon by 
an individual a piw« the state 
where that stale had foiled to 
implement the directive in na- 
tional law by the end of the 
ibed or where h 
to implement the 
directive correctly. 

With regard to the argument 
that the directive might not be 
relied upon against an individ- 
ual, it bad to be emphasised that 
according to article 189 of the- 
EEC Treaty the binding nature 
of a directive, which constituted 
the basis for the possibility of 
relying on the directive before a 
national court, existed only in 
relation to “each member state 
to which it is addressed". 

It followed that a directive 
might not of itself impose 
obligations on an individual and 
that a provision of a directive 
might not be relied upon as such 
as against such a person. It 
therefore had u> be examined 
whether, in this case, the respon- 
dent was to be regarded as 
having acted as an individual. 

In that respect it bad to be 
pointed out that where a person 
involved in legal proceedings 
was able to rely on a directive as 
against the state be might do so 
regardless of the capacity in 
which the latter was acting, 
whether employer or public 
authority. In either case it was 
necessary to prevent the state 
from taking advantage of hs 
own failure to comply with 
Community law. 

The argument submitted by 


the UK that the possiblity of 
for in article 7jJXa) of relying on provisions of the 
No 79/7 applied only directive against the respondent 
qua organ of the stale would 
give rise to an artibnuy and 
unfair distinction between the 
rights of state employees and 
those of private employees did 
not justify any other conclusion. 
Such a distinction might easily 


to the determination of pension- 
able age for the . purposes of 
granting old-age and retirement 
. pensions and the possible con- 
sequences thereof for other 
benefits. 


. In that respect it had to be „ 

.*y . discrimination bn the ground of emphasised that, whereas the be avoided if the member state 


had to be staled that that 
provision, taken by itselfi 
prohibited any discrimination 
on the ground of sex with regard 
to working conditions, includ- 
ing the conditions governing 
dismissal, in a general manner 
and in unequivocal terms. 

The provision was therefore 
sufficiently precise to be relied 
upon by an individual and to be 
applied by the national courts. 

It had to be observed that, 
although the reservation con- 
tained in article 1(2) limited the 
scope of the directive ratione 
msteriap, it did not lay down 
any condition on the application 
of that principle in hs field or 
operation and in particular in 
relation to article 5 of the 
directive. Simfiarty. the excep- 
tions to Directive No 76/207 
provided for in article 2 thereof 
were not relevant. 

Article 5 of Directive No 
76/207 did not confer on the 
member slates the right to limit 
the application of the principle 
of equality of treatment in its 
field of operation or to subject it 
to conditions; and that pro- 
vision was sufficiently precise 
and unconditional to be capable 
of being relied upon by an 
individual before a national 
court in order to avoid the 
application of any national pro- 
vision which did not conform to 
article 5(1). 

On those grounds, the Euro- 
pean Court of Justice ruled: 

1 Article 5(1) of Directive No 
76/207 was to be interpreted as 
meaning that a general policy 
concerning dismissal involving 
the dismissal of a yoraan solely 
because she had attained or 
passed the qualifying age for a 
state pension, which age was 
different under national legisla- 
tion for men and for women, 
consituted discrimination on 
the ground of sex contrary to 
that directive. 

2 Article 5(1) of Council 
Directive No 76/207 of Feb- ' 
ruary 9, 1976, which prohibited 
any discrimination on the 
ground of sex with regard to 
working conditions, including 
conditions governing dismissal, 
might be relied upon as against a 
stale authority acting in its 
capacity as employer, in order to 
avoid the application of any 
national provision which did 
not conform to article 5{ I ). 


c. i; 


Law Report February 27 1986 


Mow 
s bid 


Aid to taxpayer in Revenue valuation 


X: 


;s 

' 


' Regime Attorney General, Ex 
parte Imperial Chemical In- 

- dnstries plc 

■■ Before 1 Lord Oliver of 
Aylmerton. Lord Justice Lloyd 

- and Lord Justice Nourse 
7 (Judgment given February 24] 

A valuation of ethane by the 
inland Revenue, for the pur- 
poses of section 134 of and 
Schedule 18 to the Finance Act 
' 1982. below the sum of the 
. alternative fuel value, at beach 
(St Fergus in the case of Brent 
ethane) and the transport and 
processing costs to tbe petro- 
. ,ir chemical plant, would not be in 
accordance with section J 34 and 
Schedule 18 and would con- 
' stitute aid to the taxpayer within 

the meaning of articles 92 to 94 
, of the EEC Treaty. 

. The Court of Appeal, in a 
. reserved judgment, so declared 
and allowed an appeal by ta- 
periai Chemical Industries pic 
-_.r ’ from a jndgment of Mr Justice 
-• Woolf dated January 25, 1985 
( The Times, February 12, 1985) 
J '-* and an order dated April 3 
. , whereby the judge refused 
* declarations categorizing as 
! . erroneous and ultra vires the 
.. Revenue's approach to the prob- 
. lem and that what the Revenue 
.’7 were proposing constituted an 
aid for the purposes of article 92 
of the EEC Treaty. 

*• The court dismissed a cross- 
appeal by the Attorney General, 
who was made respondent to 
iCTs application trader section 
17 of the Crown Proceedings 
Art 1947. 

Mr Robert Alexander. QC 
Mr David Vaughan, QC and Mr 
Gerald Barfing for ICL Mr 
Samuel Staniler, QC. Mr Fran- 
■ cis Jacobs, QC and Mr John 
. Mummery for the Government. 

LORD OLIVER said that 
. were building a large ethylene 
plant « Mossmorran, the costs 
of whkh-were bring shared by 
> Esso and Shell 

When operational that plan 

- would be in competition with 
ICTs ethylene production plant 
at Witton. It would also be m 


competition with British Petro- 
leum. 

Various feedstocks could be 
used to manufacture ethylene. 
ICI used naphtha but h could be 
manufactured more cheaply us- 
ing ethane as a feedstock. 

For some years the ethylene 
market in Western Eur ope wa s 
depressed and was suffering 
from oyer-capacity. If Moss- 
morran were to come on stream 
I Cl would be at a disadvantage 
as to Mossmorran and 
Grange moamb because of the 
natural advantage of using eth- 
ane. . 

ICTs complaint was that the 
Government's action added to 
the natural advantages of ethane 
an additional advantage of 
favourable fiscal regime for 
Esso, Shell and BP. IQ were the 
only UK ethylene producers 
unable to lake advantage of the 
new tax. regime. 

ICI also contended that the 
government action contravened 
article 93(3) of the EEC Treaty 
in that the 1982 Act constituted 
an aid under Community law 
and that the Government was 
either misinterpreting section 
134 of and Schedule 18 to the 
Act or was approaching the 
applicatiou of the Act in an 
unreasonable manner: 

The salient features of section 
134 were (a) that it. substituted 
for the market value of ethane, 
sold under a non-arm's length 
transaction ascertained on a 
monthly basis undo: the pro- 
visions of Schedule 3 to the Oil 
Taxation Art 1975, a marker 
value for taxation purposes in 
accordance with a price formula 
id be elected by the seller, (b) 
that it applied only to ethane 
supplied for petrochemical pur- 
poses; and (c) that the election 
applied only to gas which was 
either pore ethane in its natural 
slate or which had been sepa- 
rated from the other constituent 
gases of the stream before bring 
disposed o£ 

According to the Revenue rhe 
substituted formula was pro- 


vided for the purpose of remov- 
ing the anomaly that ethane for 
petrochemical purposes was 
likely to be governed by long- 
term contractual arrangements 
to which the montb-by-monih 
valuation provisions would be 
inappropriate. - 

The limits of the election and 
the conditions under which it 
could be accepted by the Rev- 
enue were found in Schedule 18 
to the 1982 Act. 

Having considered the valua- 
tion of ethane by the Revenue, 
his Lordship concluded that the 
value arrived at must not be 
materially less than the fuel 
value of the gas at beach and 
that such foe! value was the 
price which the British Gas 
Corporation or another fuel 
purchaser would have paid at 
beach at the relevant time for a 
newly contracted supply of the 
gas m question, unaffected by 
any pre-existing commercial 
relationship with the vendor. 

His Lordship further con- 
cluded that the fuel value in 
1982 of the ethane at lOp a 
therm would he a value which 
no reasonable authority prop- 
erly directing itself could reach. 
Thus the election accepted by 
the Revenue was contrary to 
law. 

Articles 92 and 93 of the EEC 
Treaty appeared in that part of 
the Treaty which contained the 
rules on competition and dealt 
with “aids granted by states’*. 

It was not in dispute that, asa 
result of section 2 of the 
European Communities Act 
1972, directly effective pro- 
visions of the Treaty conferred 
on an individual affected a 
cause of action in the English 
court: see Garden Cottage Foods 
Ltd v Milk Marketing Board 
((1984) AC 130). 

If it was found that an agency 
of the state was. with knowledge, 
persisting in a misapplication of 
statutory provisions which bad 
the effect of distorting com-, 
petition by favouring the oil 
companies, then it was an 


inescapable conclusion that that 
was aid. 

Where, therefore, an election 
pursuant to section 134 and 
Schedule 18 had been accepted 
by the Revenue on a valuation 
basis which was contrary to law, 
then the continued assessment 
of tax on the basis of such 
acceptance constituted an aid or 
alternatively a plan to grant aid 
wiihin the meaning of articles 92 
and 92 of the Treaty. 

The Government was thus 
under a duty not to implement 
such aid or plan unless and until 
the Commission had approved 
iu 

On the question of locus 
standi in domestic law it was 
dear from R v Inland Revenue 
Commissioners. Ex parte Na- 
tional Federation of Self-em- 
ployed and Small Businesses Ltd 
((1982) AC 617) that normally 
one taxpayer was not entitled to 
seek a judicial review in relation 
to another taxpayer's affairs. 

• The management of taxes was 
in the hands of the Revenue and 
another taxpayer had no suf- 
ficient interest to sustain such a 
claim merely on the footing of 
an officious requirement that, in 
the public interest, the proper 
amount of tax should be as- 
sessed and collected. 

However, the judge con- 
cluded that this was one of the 
rare cases contemplated by the 
House of Lords in the National 
Federation case, where the tax- 
payer had the necessary locus 
standi to complain of ihe 
Revenue’s treatment of another 
taxpayer. 

Despite Mr Slander's able and 
sustained argument based on 
the National Federation case 
and certain other considerations 
which he had urged on the court, 
his Lordship was not convinced 
that the judge was wrong in the 
conclusion to which he came. 

Lord Justice Lloyd and Lord 
Justice Balcombe gave concur- 


ring judgments. 

Solicitors: Mr 
Treasury Solicitor. 


V.O. White; 


Assistants guilty in absence of principal 


by 


- * 


*• • * 


Kerin v Donald (John) 

Retina v Donald (Lesfef) . 

Before Lord Justice waikms, 

Mr Justice Garland and Mr 
Justus Qgnalt __ _ 

(Judgment, given February 24] 

For there to be a conviction 
for an offence of assisting an 
offender, contrary to sccuon 4(1) 
of the Criminal Law Act 1967, it 
was not necessary that. there 
shook! be a prior conviction or 
that prin c i pal offender- 

The Court of Appeals© hrid 

when dismis s in g a J5 ie j . 

John Thomas Donald b“ 
wife. Lesley. 
their convictions m ww 

upon Tree Crown Coup- (Judge 
KaUarwia jmyjof^snng an 
offender, for which John 
Tbomas Donald was sentenced 
to 18 months’ impnsemment. 
ymt Lestev DonaMm two years 

pt t£k£'4 of the Crinrinai Uw found *uw 
A^»67m^S: “0) Where a sentenced 
person has committed an 
arrestable offence, any other 
person who, knowing or brii<£ 
its him to be ^ 

offence or of some other 
arrestable offeueddoes withmn 


.rnnede bis apprehension or bery, without lawful or reason- There was no authority for the 
nraacutioii steUbe guilty of an able excuse permitted him to proposition that the prosecution 
prosccuuwi »»»*• shelter at ibeir home with the should not proceed as they did 

MrCLS. J- Metcaff assigned intention of impeding his 

ap prehen si on or prosecution. 

What concerned the court was 
whether it could ever be right, in 
the absence of a prior conviction 
of a principal, for a person to be 
brought to trial upon a charge 
under section 40) and for the 
their co-accused prosecution to endeavour to 
wfrftodudS lAhtf?dSr5 prove thai iheprincipri, foough 

:.v' <k. iii\ offenrr not being tried, was none the 

less guilty of the arrestable 
offence which those charged 
under section 4(1) were alleged 
to have known about- 


the Registrar of Criminal 
.^^eals. for the appritent Mr 
W. H. R. Crawford, QC and Mr 
John Milford for the Crown-^ 
LORD JUSTICE WATKINS 
said that only the appdbuns 
were convicted. 




with the section 4(1) offence 
three persons said to have taken 
part in a robbery. 

A notable absentee w a 
fourth man said to be involved 
in the rubbery, -Paul Ambony 
Wilson, the brother of Lesley 
Donald. • ' 

He had absconded, but even- 
tually be was apprehended. 
at tested.- -and- brought to trial 
before another jury when he was 
found guilty of robbery and 
sentenced to . six years' 
imprisonment. . - 

At the conclusion of the 
appellants’ trial the position was * 
that they were found. girilQF of 
the offence under section 4(1) on 
the basis that they, each of them. 

knowing' 'that Wilson -had 


in this case. 

It was necessary to observe 
that when the appellants faced 
this charge no submission was 
made to the effect that it was 
wrong for the Donalds to be 
tried in the absence of Wilson, 
nor was a submission made at 
the close of the prosecution case. 

None the less the contention 
was made that, there being no 
proof that Wilson had been 
convicted before the trial of the 
appellants or that he bad made 
some kind of admission of his 


The dangers, so it was said, of complicity in the robbery, there 
the prosecution taking such a was no admissible evidence 

against the appellants which 
would go to show that Wilson 
was one of the men concerned in 
the robbeiy. 

Of course, their Lordships 
recognised the possible perils of 
the prosecution being permitted 
la proceed as they did, but did 

not accept that there was no 
issible 


course were obvious. If the 
offender was later brought to 
trial he might succeed' in 
persuading the jury which tried 
him that he was not the of- 
fender. 

In that event an iqjustice 
would have been perpetrated as 
a consequence of which one or 


moreohbc persons convicted 1 admissible evidence going 10 
under section 4(1) might have show that Wilson was one of the 


served a sentence of imprison- 
ment which they should not 
have done. In the present case 
that had not happened. 


men who took part in the 
robbery. . _ , _ 

Solicitors: Mr Derek E. 
Brown. Newcastle upon Tyne. 


LA CREME DE LA CREME 



Secretary to the 
Group Chief 
Executive 

Substantial Salary and Benefits Crawley 

Stone International pic is the holding company of a systems 
engineering group, operating in the UK and overseas. 

Our Group Chief Executive wishes to appoint a successor to his 
personal secretary who is retiring after 10 years for family reasons. 

Candidates should be educated to *A' level standard and have a 
positive and polished manner. The ability to use their own initiative 
in the absence Of the Chief Executive •$ essential. Common sense, 
tact and intelligence are necessary to fulfil the exacting demands of 
this senior position which will merit a very competitive salary and 
benefits package. 

Please apply in confidence, providing full career and personal details, 
to Mrs Carol Jordan, Secretary to the Group Chief Executive, 

Stone International pic. Stone House, Gatwick Road. Crawley, 

West Sussex RH10 2RN. 


Stone International pic 




CftROUHE fUFIQ 

* PERSONNEL * 

One of tfie Dty's most famous institutions is lookmg tor a 
secretary to assist the* Personnel Manager. As a Joy member 
of me team, you will be responsible tor ordering temps, 
scheduling interviews and keepmg cpnfkten&al salary and pro- 
motion records etc. ExceRent skills 100/55. Package at 
£10.000. 

* FASHION * 

Become part of one ot Britain's most successful fashion drams 
as seventy to their Concessions Director. A lively personality, 
good memory and the knack tor organising are essentia!, 
together with fast, accurate audio typing. Excellent perks and 
promotion prospects are offered. Salary cfS^OCL 




Telephone: 499 8070 


CMOUffE UHG SECRETARIAL APPOINTMENTS 


J 


INTERNATIONAL 
TRAVEL ORGANISATION 


sEC«ETunr/fti 

sKCuumiuvaKPMncaiT 


HOKTMT/N 


ConrpelraimrOnikfrTM TBe sufUMr MMMl mial Mnra 
mnum uwfilund ll 90 *vpm and lynn »ww a i SOwpm. 
Hi>av 4 r 4 gr <* Orman v.ouM t w an advantage far Uw pouteon in 
Ifw Sorrulnod Trairl Drpanmenl TW am l unli SO*t- 
■aons and aMuy 10 tea* ynur own tiuluutp n nsenual. as you 
win br orating with iHnlwnr rails from press and principals 
during ttw Uaruom' Ir-guns Mvnrr Irani uie office Hours 
atr *i *5 Monday lo Friday, and salary CC 7 . 5 O 0 plus fringe 
benefits 

Please one enrtosmg CV lo- 


UstttMtOtM 
HUM. 


m 





/Secretary to £ii,ood\ 

Join this very successful City computer 
software house as assistant to a director. 
They are a subsidiary of a famous name 
merchant bank and you will act as the co- 
ordinator/communicator between the 2 
companies, making sure all the necessary 
admin systems run smoothly. You should 
be people orientated and very self-motivat- 
ed. An 'A' level education and fast typing 
ability needed. 

0 W« 3 S 9 Elizabeth Hunt 


, Reautment Gonsuttants 



radenoch & Clark 


ADMINISTEATIVE ASSISTANT EC4 
BECfiDITMENT CONSULTANTS 

Salary £8,000 a.a.e. 

We are one of the largest City based Financial 
Recruitment Consultancies and we need a 
young assistant to provide support to our busy 
team of consultants. Duties will be varied and 
will include typing and use of WP. A flexible 
approach, lively mind and sense of humour 
are essential. For further details, telephone 
Sue Handley Jones. 


Financial Recruitment Specialists 01-5830073 



HOUSE BUYER? 
21A800 pies N SUB 
An rou ntoiwq m an «n- 
mtoaw vttsvnu 

itanqagr. we maa 
sow art Mte pwOld 
tomtits u attml iw o» 
maim nwcMfl w* * «■ 
Ccy’ Cope •at' rcOTtyt*T> 
m onssae witt cMagnca 
*swtmv «Wsi tasng «*i 
B* top KJWin d tnrbusi- 

ness wow « IB to 

secKWal t* tvh 100 
mmj 

Call 01-588 5081 


PR in 

COVENT GARDEN 
To £10ffOB oeg. 

hm you me cool tact and su- 
per sMs ro etloenKy orgaruse 
(tv ousy Charman or tus rncrtv 
stccessfuf PR company? They re 
wefl known lor tnei presents 
aenuns n the world ot tasim 
and shrte. maretora you must 
njire good presentawn. an e*cS- 
tom wlectKKie manner and Die 
atrtry to stay calm into tot cn- 
s « Plenty of scope tor a Bngar 
tMTmwifcd sweav wim state 
oi lOO/fiO. Age Z5+. buwrence 
* PR Mwramg * Fastwn an 
advantage 




aJ’^'Tucvr canoiVt^ln 

STBEETT'* 1 ^ 


EX -COLLEGE 
LEAVER? 
Pufafishing £7,500 
EiftOM onsnotan nros- 
pecsyumjj) Munacaatoe 


eeeor tor «ef Mem » 
waste ssmary tsifi 90 

wpni 

Property c£ 7 ,D 00 
Ommse tom) mn aw 
be® «A *» rvtxu* nragfr 
me as scoamv to a» 
<w«mu uo nm 80 wpmr 

Can 01-588 5081 




man u r e Mi n er 
cUMH 

A lare* Inirnunoive 
Ce uiomlt* vrrt, w> t<- 

miH <mm vrrctaiv 

vwnn firm our Imiaii- 

iMmrr. Wood Ilimn 
walk iwora ana fxpn 
rwnr-. luprrti % n 
ivpwfi WP *4,ip, 

tor irnaivr uiiuw 
A Mint lo rtrtc-uir 
wtjrs. mmlui Or 
mao »tv uvliil. -tor 
30* 3ft 


WORK LOCALLY 
OJU4UUI COMMON 

Comnrtrnl P A. witii PM- 
hand and audio far Pariiw 
m OfOprrIV AMp lo rfxisp 
unit o# humour an M 

lanuu Snurl afftrr> wini 

i-uoMnU salary Mckag,. 

ItotMMNlOOH. 

iRec Cmu 


DIPLOMATIC PJL 
£11,000+ 

Cm yev boas oui oj rhr orfim 
aM nan (M show Hr (ra,Ph 
Iwo uonfs oflnr yo» so orpds a 
rename hirfil* inlelliemd PA 
wfto ran handle Ihe tniweia 
Horn nerr unofted wdh hirer- 

ruitonal Trade. vouV npira 
hat r a dull rvaaraerd or an erap 
IV purse- rahutowv oUrCrl and 
Omelits Suns 100 so 

Coman oat Dutumham on 
938 1846 


PR SECRETARY 

For Arrount Ejcecuttsr in 
you n« rxnanatne companv 
near Ctoucnier Road lube 
Pn-vloia expenenre of PR 
and marketing or sinular 
Held preferred £7.750 pa » 
|U0 bon uses ♦ BL PA 

Wrtle Mill CV or leienhone 
Jenny McOorv. 
Cameron. Chora A Partner*. 
126-178 Cromwell Road. 
London SWT 4ET. 

Tab 01-373 4U7. 


CONSULTANT 

CARDIOLOGIST 

Rrawm expenenred and 
adaptaat e mediral secretary 
for bury and inlererainq W1 
prnclrre rommenrine 

Marrh April. Competence in 
aeatinq win pauento and 

knowledoe of Mtonriarat 
unportanl. 

■•phrtpSOX 040 


FILMS /TV 

Small Busy production com 
pany maLinp orosrantnv-, 
lor utnawn require, 
iwitrhc* on PA •mrlarv H 
you are wen or Banned, nave 
yhorthand and lyptnq. and 
rmoi hard “Ml nnofm fur- 
Oier deirab 


Ol-I 


»!■ 


MEDICAL 

SECRETARY 

(Nursing Qualificaiion 
Advaniagiousi 

For Cardiological prac* 
lice. Salary Negotiable. 

Tel 01-486 4191 
6-8 pm. 


SECKETART/PJL 

InlemaOonal metal traders, 
small busy Inetutlv oftKr in 
Edpeware requires a secte 
tiry with pood s n. li ning 
and orgamsaHonal aMlilv 
Second language, preterawy 
German, an adsamaoe but 
not essential Good prospects 
Salary r on li ne ns urate witn 
experience. 

T* Ol-OSt 3911- 


PARIS 

IMMEDIATEMENT 

Parts awaits you if your 
Froncn IS Huem and rf you 
nave Enghsfi secietanal 
shite o t 100/60 wpm and 
Frgnoi shorthand o» 70 
wpm. th» Engasit company 
located dose to the Cnamps 
Eiysees needs a competent 
secretary who can start as 
soon as possible to help 
tftar small team. Salary ne- 
gotiable Dependant on age 
and eapenence. 

Interviews tn London or 
Pans. 

174 New Band SI Wt 



SKI 

SECRETARY 

Enthusiastic secretary 
required bv The Brit- 
ish Ski Federation, 
preferably with P.R. 
experience. Ability to 
ski desireablc: initia- 
tive. imagination and 
willingness lo accept 
responsibility essen- 
tial. Speeds 100/50 
wpm. Salary £8.500. 

Handwritten applica- 
tion & CV to: 

The Secretary 
General 

The British Ski 
Federation, 

118 Eaton Square, 
London SW1W 9AF 


TOP CLASS PA 
ADMINISTRATOR 

Do you like running the 0t 
lirK- A ousy financial 
consultancy prac-ncr in 
W1 a footing for an exrel- 
torn PA. word Processing 
and Micro rotnpubY expe 
nence Is essential. A 
minimum salary at L9.000 
is ottered depending on ex- 
ommee plus p mommy 
bonus altar initial 5 monrh 
IrtOJ period 

Pkasr lei. Tim Farmer or 
Jonn reunion on Ol-fcJ? 
7200 of send C\ Td‘ 

Tim Fanner. Allied 
Dunbar pit. Keni House. 
14 17 MarKH place, hi 


SECRETARY /P. A. 

Due lo Ihe impending reiiremem of 
present secretary, a replacement is sought 
by the Genereaf Manger of a substantial 
group of family trusts at their Central 
London offices. 

We are looking for a mature person who. 
ideally, will be aged between 35-45 and 
have reasonable speeds in both shorthand 
and typing, accuracy being of prime 
importance. 

The successful applicant will already 
have experience of working at managerial 
level and have the poise and confidence 
to become involved with people at all 
levels, the person appointed having sole 
charge of the office from time to time. 
Communication skills. dedication, 
discretion and a sence of humour are 
imporuuiL Commencing . salary 
negotiable but in region of £9.000 per 
annum. 

Applications with C.V. to: 

BOX C5I,Tbe Times. PO Box 484. London El 


SECRETARY 

£11-12.000 pa 

For Architects/ Designers in Covcni Garden. Superb 
skills, a minimum of two scan similar cspcnencc- 
mmaiivc. a cool head and the ability to woA under 
great pressure are alt cssemiaJ requirements for this 
demanding and interesting job. 

For dciails of ihis and other vacancies with arehnccts 
& designers, picase roman AMSA Specialist Recruit- 
ment Consul unis on 01-734 0532. 


PA/HOUSKEEPER, 

SW1. 

For attractive position in Art World, life of vari- 
ety for flexible person able to combine both 
roles. Car and flat available. Please apply with 
full details and phone number to BOX C42.. 
The Times. P.O.B 484. Virginia StreeL London 
El. 


SECRETARY /RESEARCH ASSISTANT 

Required for the Senior Executive of a small special- 
ist firm of E-EC. consultants in Jermyn Street You 
must possess excellent secretarial skills, enjoy work- 
ing under pressure and have an interest in European 
Affairs. Ability to work in French essential. 

Please apply with full CV to> 

Clare Turner, 

C.S.M. European Consultants Ltd., 

- Eagle House, 109 Jermyn Street, 
London SWlY 6HB. 


EXECUTIVE SECRETARY 

Member ol House of Lords with international business 
and literary interests requires experienced executive 
secretary. Essential, qualifications: non-smoker. 
sfciUed at audio typing and fully familiar with IBM 
Oispfaywnter. Experience in conference organisation 
and business entertainment an advantage. SaJary 
E10.Q0Q+ according to experience and qualification. 
Recent references required. Stan soonest after 1 st 
April. Interview London 20m or 21 st March. 

Reply to BOX C52 with full CV. 


GRADUATES 

START YOUR MEDIA SALES CAREER! 

if you have graduated m tfw tact two years, know that you 
wmto succeed in a dynamc a avarsenfl sales anveonment 
then we want to hear from you. 

Our cum*, s wide range o» major puMktaig eompanka. are 
currently looking to recrut graduates to tram as SWes Exec- 
utives. You wii need rtwrent energy, dm*, seif monvenon 
and commitment as wel as a sense of fun. in reward, 
Skcedent tranng and genura career oooortiimpes are 
avaitaMe pus hr St year's powntal earnings ot tSAOO. 

Contact Dawn Leppard 

or Sandra WhittinghaiTt. |fcf r|y|EidT S 

tssnfs&rea 


gba*£Jst^: 




AUDIO 

SECRETARY 

£8,500+ 

Property development 
department of well 
known Estate Agents 
In the Bond Street 
area. For further 
Information cal! 
Adrianne MacKtnlosh 
or Trudy Meagher on 
M1IIU 

IIINraMUei 


SECRETARIES 

-BANKING 

£9*10,000 

+ Banking B e n efit s 

A maw man** DM sects Sac 
■panes raiti sown eduuncm ne 
w«w Ms imn 90/551 A*d 
X 35 vounwi demonstrate a sow 
«n lews mo te usw a more 
msniteerey WP state mraevo- 
ness to ren as pan ol i team 
esssenwl BMng m w n enea s 
te» imowunt man mg atoiy a 
oto *i a fan homiq vmiwucia. 

CaN Lyratle Befeber ok 
01*588 4383. 


TOiVlkEKRIQAM 

— AiSaOClATES LTD • 


recmxnerrcoNsuuAHTs 


fill 


AskAlMdMarks. 


PA SECRETARY 
S3, 250 + bonus + LTs 

i&Top Uayla ft Ctianered 
Survevora. wW use your 
ewe«eni PA/Snomwna 
secretanai siute io me full n 
itMs waned and lufhikng rote 
Worting for semot partner 
For turner rtormanon call 
Adnanne Uscnnosn w 
Trudv Meagner on 

01-493 1251 
1 15 N« Bond Street Wl 






MAYFAIR 

£8,700 +• boons + LV*S 
Samar partner requires welt 
groomed secretary wrtti ex- 
cellent shontiand/- 

audio/typing sloks. 

For further la formation call 
ft&reon MacKiBUsh « 
Trudy Meagher oo 01-493 
1251. 

115 New Boad Steel Wl 


General Appointment 


NATIONAL OPERA STUDIO 
DIRECTOR 

The National Opera Studio wishes to appoint a 
Director to replace Michael Langdon C.B.E. 
upon his retirement. 

The studio is operated by a Board composed of 
the Administrators of the Royal Opera House. 
English National Opera. Glyndelboume. Scot- 
tish Opera. Welsh National Opera and Opera 
North and is run in close association with ihese 
and other opera companies. 

The Chairman is Sir Hugh WillatL 
The Director must have a thorough professional 
experience of opera and be able with the Board 
to plan a curriculum and engage specialist and 
mainK part-time staff. He or she will maintain 
regular contact with collogues of music, opera 
companies and in conjunction with the Board 
and the Administrator, sponsors and grant giv- 
ing bodies. The task will be io control and 
develop an organisation designed to equip 
young singers for a professional operatic career. 
The successful candidate will be asked to assume 
his responsibilities in September 1986. 

Satan b> negotiation. 

applications by 1 7th March 1986 to: The Chair- 
man. National Opera Studio. 162. Westminster 
Bridge Road. London. SE1 7RR. 


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inr. uMtt i nuKSDAY. FEBRUARY 27 























THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 


T 1 TH 



TIMES 




FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 




y * 

i. 



STOCK MARKET 


FT 30 Share 

12702 (+6.0) 

FT-SE100 

1534.6 (+6.9) 

USM (Datastream) 

115.70 (+0.02) 

THE POUND 


US dollar 

$1.4890 .(-0.006) 

W (German mark 

Dm 33175 (-0.0373) 

Trade-weighted 

75.3 (-0-4) 


Oil and EEC lift payments 
surplus to over £1 billion 


No threat 
to merger 

Plans for a merger between 
Exco, the international money 
broker, and Morgan Grenfell 
are not under threat from 
Exco’s biggest shareholder, 
contrary to strong City specu- 
lation in the past few days. ' 

Tan. Sri Kboo Teck Puat, 
the Singapore businessman 
who acquired a 27 per cent 
slake in Exco last year, has no 
plans to bid for the company 
and broadly supports - the 
merger proposals. 

Further City speculation 
that Exco might divest its 
money broking interest in 
order to get round provisions 
limiting bank involvement in 
money brokers was scotched 
yesterday by Mr Bill Mat- 
thews. Exco’s chief executive. 

Argyll case 
adjourned 

A High Court move by the 
Argyll Group to block a bad by 
Guinness for control of the 
Distillers Group, due to be 
beard tom o rro w, has been 
adjourned until next week. No 
date was fixed. 

Aroyll is seeking to quash 
last Wednesday’s decision by 
(he Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission to lay aside the 
reference of the Guinness bid. 
Argyll won leave to bring the 
action yesterday and the judge 
ordered an early hearing after 
being told that the Argyll bid- 
expired today. 

£25m Farley 

Farley Health Prodncts, the 
baby foods business put into 
liquidation by Glaxo last 
month after salmonella bacte- 
rium was found at its Kendal 
pL-mt, is likely to be sold for 
between £20 and £25 million 
against expectations before 
the salmonella outbreak of 
£40 million. 

Hanson call 

Lord Hanson, chairman of 
Hanson Trust, which is bid- 
ding £2.4 billion for Imperial 
Group, has written to United 
Biscuits shareholders asking 
them to sell their shares or at 
least reject US's “high risk” 
bid for Imperial. 

School sale 

The Corporation of the Gty 
of London is to sell the Oty m 
London Boys School on Vio- 
toria Embankment and the 
former Guildhall School of 
Music site dose by.The Boys 
School will be redeveloped 
with 335,000 sq ft of space and 
the School of Music with 
1 12,000 sq ft of offices. 

Laister job 

Mr Peter Laister, former 
c ha i rman of Thom EMI until 
removed in a boardroom 
putsch, is joining the boards of 
Mr Robert Maxwell's British 
Printing and Communica- 
tions Corporation and Mirror 
Group Newspapers as a non- 
executive director. 

£12m merger 

Havelock Enropa, the de- 
sign and shopfitting company 
quoted on the Unlisted Secnn- 
ties Market, is taking over 
Store Design in a £12 million 
'merger. 


£3.5m buy 

POkmgton Brothers has ac- 
quired Koohberm Insulation 
Products for £3.5 million in 
cash. 


Britain's balance of pay- 
ments surged to a surplus of 
more than £1 billion last 
month, helped by refunds 
from the EEC budget and an- 
unexpected jump m ofl ex- 
ports. 

The current, account of the 
balance of payments was in 
surplus by £1.14 billion last 
month, the largest since 
March 1 983, wbeo the current 
account was in tbe black by 
£1.145 billion. 

The highest ever monthly 
current account surplus, was. 

£1.195 billion in ' January 
1981. x 

■ Invisible trade was in' sur- 
plus by an estimated £1 billion 
last month, a record. - 
. This included a £438 mil- . 
lion abatement on Britain's 
contribution to the 1984 EEC 
budget, plus about £70 million 
as the first monthly tnstaJ- . 
mem of the 1985 EEC abate-' 

menL # 

CXI trade also showed its- jg no long* 


By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 


ever monthly surplus, 

of £997 million. 

. This was- mainly as a result 
of the iicnsual conditions in 
the oil market last month. 

- As juices fell sharply, there 
was a rapid rundown of stocks 
held in Britain, with oQ car- 
goes sold toany customer who 
would take than on. 

In contrast; there was a 
marked drop in oil imports. 
Purchasers of oil were reluc- 
tant to ' commit themselves 
until 'they were ceriain.that the 
&n in prices had come to an 
eqd: 

For drat reason, when finan- 
cial market-analysts had antic- 
ipated a sharp drop in 
Britain's oil surplus because of 
dteoilprice slump, there was a 
record surplus. 

’’ However officials at the 
Department- -of Trade . and 
Irkfusixy stressed that last 
month's conditions were un- 
likely to be repeated. 

This is partly because there 
gar die scope for a ' 


rapid rundown in stocks and 
partly be cause the sharp foil in 
oil prices appears to have 
come to an end. 

Britain’s surplus on o3 
trade is likely to be smaller in 
the coming months. 

Exports were valued at 
£6335 billion last month and 
imports at - £ 6.116 billion, 
giving a visible trade surplus, 
after rounding, of £140 mil- 
lion. This is the best visible 
trade performance since last 

Export volume fell 1 per 
cent in ’ January, although 
excluding the erratic items of 
trade it was broadly un- 
changed. 

In the latest three months, 
export volume was up by 2 per 
cent c o mpared with tbe previ- 
ous three- month poiod. 

Import volume fell by 6 per 
cent in January but was up by 
13 per cent over the latest 
three months. 

■ Officials said yesterday that 
tbe underlying trend for im- 


Battle for 
Granada 
to continue 

ByCKffFeftham 

Rank Organisation yester- 
day pledged to continue its 
battle for control of Granada 
even, though tbe Independent 
Broadcasting Authority has 
said the takeover bid is unac- 
ceptable. 

Rank is angry that the IBA 
— which has refused to allow 
the transfer of ownership of 
the Granada television fran- 
chise — has given no reason 
for its decision or discussed 
Rank's suitability to operate 
the business. 

Mr Michael Gifford, the 
chief executive of Rank, said 
last night : We intend to 
oeeed with what we think is 
very generous offer in the 
interests of Granada 
shareholders. 

But Mr Alex Bernstein, the 
Granada chairman, immedi- 
ately said that he was sur- 
prised at the Rank decision. “ 
1 have no idea whit lh<y are 
up to. And 1 cannot under- 
stand why they seem so sur- 
prised at the IBA derision. Ail 
the IBA is doing is sticking to 
its existing policy and not 
allowing television franchises 
to change hands in 
midstream.” 


ports was Bat but that the 
trend for exports is difficult to 
determine at present 
_ Trade in manufactures was 
in deficit by £266 million last 
month, from a position of 
virtual balance in December, 
.This was mainly due to 
decrease' in tbe surplus on the 
erratic items of trade — ships, 
aircraft precious stones ami 
North Sea installations. 

Small revisions to the De- 
cember trade figures put the 
current account surplus for 
last' year at £3.535 billion, 
compared with an official 
forecast of £4 billion. 

. Treasury sources said yes- 
terday that tbe 1.5 percent fell 
in import unit values in the 
latest three months indicated 
that lower import prices 
would help to maintain the 
downward pressure on infla- 
tion. 

The Treasury added that 
Britain’s exports held their 
share of world markets last 

»- - 



very 


Mr Bernstein made it dear 
that there were no circum- 
stances under which the board 
would agree to a takeover offer 
from Rank- 

Rank said it bad been 
surprised at the IBA’s deci- 
sion. “ Despite an early ap- 
proach by tbe chairman of 
Rank. Sir Patrick Meaney, to 
the chairman of the IBA, the 
IBA has not seen fit to consult 
with Rank, to discuss with-it 
the future of Granada's TV 
pro g ramme contract nor to 
give any detailed reasons for 
its action. 

Rank said that it was seek- 
ing a meeting with tbe IBA to 
discuss the bid. 

The IBA said that it had 
been under no obligation to 
discuss the offer with Rank. 

Meanwhile. Granada shares 
fell I8p to 268p. 


Join EMS, says 
CBI president 

By Edwari Townsend, ladastrial Correspondent 


. Industrial leaders yesterday 
made their stoagest call so for 
for the Government to tak» 
advantage of the pound's com- 
petitiveness and take Britain 
into membership of the Euro- 
pean Monetary System. 

Tbejtiid so when Mr Pari 
-Chanum, Secretary of State 
for Tirade and Industry, ad- 
dressed the monthly meeting 
•of the Confederatian-of British 
Industry poDcy-making cotm- 
c9 in London. 

Sir James Cleminson, CBI 
president, stressed the advan- 
tages that- Bad come from 
lower mr material costs and 
the lower value of the pound. 
He said; “There is a greater 
opportunity for exporting in- 
dustry than for a very tong 
time.. . • • 

..'“Needless to say a drop in 
interest rates would do as no 
barm and help to reduce oar 
costs-iu comparison with onr 
ctu ap e ti tor s . hut there, has to 
be -same agreement on ex- 
change rates before that is 
possible.” 

There was, he said, a very 
dear call to Mr Channou to go 
back to his coUeagaes in 
Whitehall 'sad to the Chancel- 
lor- in particular, u and : to say 
that British Industry and cum- 
ntererfeds strongly that tins 
is the time to join the exchange 
rate mechanism,” 

Sir James a dde d: “Minis- 
ters always say that they agree 
but that the time is not right. 
We believe that there has 
ver been a better conjunc- 
tion of exchange rates than 

BOW.” - " - 


Mr Chanson toU the cons- 
ol that it was extraordinarily 
difficult to imagine an econo- 
my wftboot a substantial m 
■factoring sector, and 
manufacturing's dominant 
role In Britain's foreign trade 
position was obvious, and 
could not quickly be replaced. 

He said, however, Hut 
reducing role for manufactur- 
ing was a feature of all 
Western industrialized coun- 
tries. “The pattern of activity 
also depends oa tbe pattern of 
productive and meatth-creat- 
mg processes that develop, as 
c ount ries in the irte rm^Mipi 
trading commmrity barter 
their skills and specialisms for 
mutual benefit. . 

“Bat its relative size, com- 
pared to what it wonld other- 
wise hare been, is' inevitably 
affected by the fort that Brit- 
ain also has a highly competi- 
tive financial services sector 
and sub s tan ti al primary ener- 
gy sector” 

There was no straightfor- 
ward right lend of numufoc- 
tnrfng output for Britain. 

. On poficy towards financial 
interreutiou in fniiiistry, Mr 
Chanson told the businessmen 
that the Government was pre- 
pared ’lo.commft funds to help 
the economy by working to 
improve the operation of mar- 
kets or to comet imperfec- 
tions. 

Britain spent more than 
twice ns much between 1980 
and 1984 in acquiring overseas 
companies titan foreign com- 
panies spent buying British 
firms. 


Haslemere steps up 
light against Rodamco 


By Jmfith Htmtley, Commercial Property Correspondent 

.Haslemere. Estates’ at- 
tempts to ward off Rodamco 
"s . unwelcome £179 


million bid are hotting up. 

The company will produce 
its defence document, which 
hinges ion the revaluation of 
its-pOrtfolio, tomorrow. 

Haslemere is throwing ev- 
erything into the melting pot 
in an. effort to raise the net 
asset value to Well over 700p 
per share, a figure which is 
broadly-.l bought \ 0 be about 
right: V .. 

Rodamco sent a letter to 
Haslemere shareholders yes- 
terday. rebutting Has !e mere's 
efforts to thwart the 600p per 
share cash offer. . 

Trading in the market yes- 
terday was taking place at 
about th&635p per share level 
and', it is. expected that 
Rodamco wiHstightiy increase 
its offer, possibly to that level. . 


Large lines of stock were 
-.available yesterday 

Rodamco already has 24 per 
cent of Haslemere 
The • battle centres on 
Haslemere’s net asset value 
and the discount to that figure 
being offered by the Dutch 
predator for a company which 
ha's underperformed the mar- 
ket for the last four years. 

The Stock Exchange has yet 
to decide whether to make 
inquiries into Rodamco*$ 
dawn raid on Haslemere. 
More than 12 per cent of the 
company was sold to the 
Dutch raider on the day it 
made its bid and doubts hare 
been expressed as to whether 
the institutions who sold at 
600p knew that Rodamco was 
about to make an offer for 
Haslemere. 

Commercial Property, page 21 


SIB draft 
rules 
unveiled 

By Michael Prest 
Financial Correspondent 

- Private investors will be 
entitled to details of a firm's 
interest in the investment it is 
seating and to have their 
suitability for such an invest- 
ment assessed, if rules pro- 
posed yesterday by the 
Securities and Investment 
Board come into force. 

But should a firm have 
approved arrangements for 
ensuring that information 
available to people in one part 
of the firm can be witbeld 
from people in other parts, a 
conflict or interest will not be 
held to exist 
This first glimpse of what 
Chinese walls may look like is 


Brock favoured for World Bank 


From BaBey Morris, Washi n g ton 


The US Administration, 
heeding criticism from Europe 
and Japan, has assembled a 
new list of candidates to head 
the World Bank when Mr A. 
W. “Tom” Clausen's term 
expires in June: . 

At die top of the new list is 
Mr William Brock, Secretary 
of Labour in President 
Reagan's cabinet and a former 
US trade representative, dip- 
lomatic sources said- 
Mr Brock is well known m 
European and Japanese cirrtes 
from his Bade representative 
days when be oversaw the 
implen>entation'of“vohmtery' 
restraints” limiting car im- 
ports from Ja pan a nd steel 
imports from Europe./ '= 

As a result of he me 
experience. Mr Brock meets 
one of the key criteria of the 
US Treasury - that the next 
World Bank president should 
be “folly conveream with the 
debt problem”. . . 

Mr Brock’s name has been 
- circulated by the Administra- 
tion — which traditionally 


appoints the World Bank bead 
— among finance ministers of 
the industrialized nations 
. which are the bank’s largest 
shareholders. In addition, Mr 
Brock hasbeen in contact with 
officials of the beleaguered 
bank where morale is said to . 
be low. 

But it is unclear whether Mr 
Brock, a former .senator from . 
Tennessee, is willing to accept 
the bank job when toe 
ins tituti on's role in h a ndlin g 
the debt crisis is being greatly 
-enhanced and tbe “Baker 
initiative” to. resolve the con- 
tinuing crisis is floundering. 

Mr Brock is said to continue 
to harbour political ambitions 
and indeed has been men- 
tioned as a possible dark horse 
candidate for the vice- 
president's spot on a Republi- 
can presidential ticket. 

In addition, he has told 
friends he does not want to be 
rushed into a. new career 
decision after tire recent' death 
of bis wife. Muffet, .from 
cancer. - ' . ' 



Wffiiaa Brock: meets 
'■ ; ; key criteria 

. But his candidacy enjoys 
broad support within the Ad- 
ministration and appears to be 
acceptable to the tank's ing- 
est shareholders, unlike a for- 
mer candidate, Mr William 
MiddendorC US Ambassador 
to the European Economic 
Community. 

European and Japaneseoffi- 
cials objected strongly to bis 
appointment, despite the 




sponsorship of Mr Donald 
Regan, die White House Chief 
of Staff, resulting in the with- 
drawal of Mr Middendorf s 
name for - serious . consider- 
ation. 

Others who remain on . the 
list, although as second 
choices to Mr Brock, are Mr 
Richard Debs, of Morgan 
Guaranty Bank in New York, 
and Mr John Hennessy, the 
head of first Boston Corpora- 
tion in London. - 

Administration sources said 
Mr James Baker, the US 
Treasury Secretary, is in no 
hurry.: to name a new candi- 
date despite mounting pres- 
sure from European and 
Japanese officials who worry 
that Mr Clausen's lame duck 
starts is damaging the West’s 
debt strategy. 

A senior Aadmuustratioa 
official said despite poor mo- 
nk at the bank, the Treasury 
believes it would be counter- 
productive to name someone 
now when Mr. Clausen is still 
in charge ofday-to-day opera- 
tions; 

.'T ’ 


given by the SIB. the planned 
Gty regulatory agency, in a 
consultative- document re- 
leased yesterday. Comments 
are invited by April 30. 

The paper deals with rules 
governing some aspects of 
business by firms who register 
directly with the board. They 
are- Body to be a model for 
rules drawn up by Self-Reguja- 
lonTOrgaiusarions. 

The SIB will issue more sets 
of rules covering such -matters 
as cold-calling, segregation of 
clients’s funds, advertising 
and unit trusts over the next 
few months. 

Other issues covered by the 
draft rules include an upper 
limit of £25 on the value of 
seasonal and promotional 
gifts bearing a firm's name, 
excessive charging and churn- 
ing, restrictions on tip-sheets 
and circulars, and the require- 
ment that the customer be 
given the “ best execution ” 
price 

Under the draft rules issued 
yesterday, the service given to 
a private customer must be 
put in writing. Particular de- 
tail will be required for futures 
and options transactions. But 
there will be few requirements 
for professional ana business 
investors. 

Otoe important rule forces 
firms to ensure that an invest- 
ment is suitable- for a custom- 
er. Rule 3.4,01 says:” No firm 
shall enter into a customer 
agreement . or perform any 
services for a customer unless 
the firm has taken reasonable 
steps to ascertain from the 
customer such. facts about the 
customer’s financial position 
as may be expected, to be 
relevant to tbe proper perfor- 
mance of those services../ 

This rule could particularly 
affect tbe business of firms 
who sell high risk investments 
such .as commodity futures to 
private investors. 

The SIB stressed that the 
rules are far from Complete. 


Offer may be 
made for 
Berisford 

. By Jeremy Warner 
. Business Correspondent 

S & W Berisford. the com- 
modity trading and sugar 
refining group, announced last 
night that h was in talks with 
an unnamed company that 
could lead to an offer being 
made. 

Market sources said that 
HiUsdown Holdings, the fast- 
growing foods group, had been 
strong buyers of Berisford 
shares in recent weeks, and 
was almost certainly tbe mys- 
‘ ry suitor. 

Berisford said that discus- 
sions were at an early stage. 
The company’s shares jumped 
!3pto 178p yesterday, valuing 
the group at £341 million . 

Berisford said this week, that 
it was in. talks with a number 
of companies, including 
HiUsdown, over foe possible 
sale of British Sugar. 

Meanwhile, it was reported 
that Ferruzzi. the Italian agro- 
industrial group, was negotiat- 
ing -to buy British Sugar. 

T . 1 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 


Distillers’ fate hangs in 
Borrie’s balance 


Historically the most remarkable 
event in the latest phase of merger 
mania is the complete internal col- 
lapse of two major Scottish busi- 
nesses, Distillers and Coats Patons, 
when confronted with takeover bids. 
The fact that their boards could 
simply cave in speaks volumes about 
the decline in the quality and mental 
fibre at the lop of two major, and pre- 
viously dominating, groups. 

The speed with which tbe Coats* 
board opted for Vantona Viyella, 
spurning Dawson International, was 
not becoming in Scottish eyes. 

Distillers' fete still hangs in the 
balance, with, it appears. Sir Gordon 
Borne, director general of Fair Trad- 
ing. bolding the power. His power, at 
least for the time being, is enhanced 
by two factors. One is the confusion 
that now exists in what the Govern- 
ment would still like to pretend is a 
mergers and competition policy. Tbe 
second factor is the disarray at the 
Department of Trade arid Industry, 
which seems to have an extraor- 
dinary facility for attracting either 
unsuitable or unlucky ministers. 

Perhaps in time it will be revealed 
whether, as Guinness believes, both 
the secretariat and the OFT advisory 
panel were disposed to recommend 
that the first Guinness bid for 
Distillers should not be refered to the 
Monopolies and Mergers Commis- 
sion: the decision to recommend 
referal, hastily endorsed by Geoffrey 
Pattie, Industry and Technology 
Minister, as Sir Paul Ghannon be- 
cause of his Guinness family connec- 
tion was in baulk, was Sir Gordon's 
own. 

Tbe important thing now is 
whether Sir Gordon will recommend 
that the second Guinness bid should 
be refered to the commission, despite 
Guinness’s claim that its willingness 
to dispose of certain Distillers* 
brands in order to reduce the 
Guinness (Arthur Belly-Distillers 
share of the home Scotch market 
below the offending 25 per cent limit 
should remove the competition ob- 
stacle to the merger. Guinness has 
succeeded in convincing Sir Godfray 
LeQuesne. chairman of the commis- 
sion, that the first bid had been 
entirely and property withdrawn 
before preceding to the revised offer. 

This is currently being tested in 
Court at the instigation of Argyll, 
which is naturally looking for a 
second reference. It is worth noting at 
this point the exctraordinaiy value to 
Argyll of Alex Fletcher, who lost his 
job as parliamentary under secretary 
at the DTI last year and who is now a 
highly paid adviser to Jimmy Gulli- 
ver. He “senses” a second reference — 
and he knows better than anyone how 
the Borne mind works. 

The DTI needs to climb down 
from the fence. If it is not prepared to 
do so, the Prime Minister should look 
over Sir Paul Channon’s shoulder 
her belief in the importance of size 
and muscle in international markets 
has come, through loud and clear in 
her eagerness to dispose of British 
Ley land. Tbe future of a major UK 
exporter is at stake in the bidding for 
Distillers. Guinness is better placed 


to restore Distillers as an inter- 
national force than ArgylL If feces 
need to be saved and a reference to 
the commission is considered to be 
diplomatic, the DTI should insist 
that the commission reports within a 
month at the most. It is absurd that 
Distillers should be delivered into 
Argyll's hands by the bureacratic 
machinations of a system that is 
already discredited by the lack of a 
coherent and sensible mergers and 
competition policy. 

SDP siren song 

With a nice sense of timing, the Social 
Democrats have just published their 
proposals for a new competition 
policy. The burden of their song is 
that the system for scrutinising 
mergers needs to be rationalised. 

The SDP would like to see the roles 
of the existing Office of Fair Trading, 
tbe Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission and the Restrictive 
Practices Court rolled into one, to be 
performed by a souped-up OFT. To 
streamline its review of merger bids, 
the SDP would also like to confine its 
terms of reference to economic 
considerations: questions of “the 
public interest”, it believes, should be 
handed back to the politicians. 

These changes, the SDP believes, 
would speed up the consideration of 
bids caught in the net of regulation. 
The intentions behind these pro- 
posals are admirable. But they in- 
volve a greater degree of regulatory 
activity than its authors perhaps 
appreciate. 

For a start, the SDP believes that 
its OFT should operate from a 
presumption against mergers; which 
would be rebutted by, for example, a 
judgment that the merger would lead 
to greater wealth creation, more 
productive use of assets or an 
increased ability to compete in 
international markets. The SDP pa- 
per suggests that all mergers where 
the assets involved amounted to over 
£30 million, or maaiket share of at 
least 25 per cent (the present lower 
limit for a referral to the MMC) 
should be considered by the new 
OFT; which would either agree them 
immediately or initiate a detailed 
study. But the conditions allowing 
the presumption against mergers to 
be overborne are rarely a matter for 
instant judgment; thus the propor- 
tion that would have to be examined 
in detail might become very high. 

Moreover, these economic criteria 
are themselves pretty broad, and may 
well conflict. Although some worries 
(for example, questions of foreign 
ownership) would be removed by 
transferring the guardianship of the 
public interest to the politicians, the 
OFT would still have a more 
complex task than applying simple 
rules concerning competition. 

The SDP further suggests that 
individuals and companies should be 
given the right to initiate actions in 
the courts against anti-competitive 
practices. Again, though the principle 
is admirable, one rather quails at the 
volume of litigation it might stimu- 
late. 


This advenisemefl is ttov a prospectus nor does h constitute an oner or application to 
subscribe For shares in Unicom Inns pic. Application may be nude only on the application Form which 
is annexed to the prospectus. 


BUSINESS EXPANSION SCHEME 



Unicorn 

INNS pic 


Offer for Subscription by 
W GREENWELL & CO. 

of up to 3,000,000 Ordinary Shares of 25p each 
at £1 per share payable in full on application. 
Minimum application: £2,000. 

Compare this proposal with other BES opportunities 


□ The minimum subscription 
has already been exceeded 

□ Experienced management 
team which has previously taken 
a public house company 
successfully on to the Unlisted 
Securities Market 

□ High level of asset backing in 
the form of freehold public 
houses. ■ 

□ The Company has already 
started trading and BES 
certificates (for the 1985/6 tax 
year) should be available in May. 


□ Management have been 
provided with incentives to 
maximise the capital growth of 
the Company. 

The Offer closes on March 17th. 
Copies of the prospectus with 
application form attached may 
be obtained from: 

John Spiers, 

W. Green well & Ql, 

Telephone: 01-236 2040, 

Bow Bells House, Bread Street, 
London EC4M 9EL. 


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finance and industry 


WALL STREET 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 


FOREIGN EXCHANGES 


COMMODITIES 


New YorfcCRenter) - Shares 
trimmed their losses hi early 
trading yesterday as crude ofl 
spot prices slid, traders said. 

The Dow Jones Industrial 
average; which was down eight 
points to 1,690 at one stage 
after recovering from a low of 
1,682. dosed at 1,69166, 
. down 5.62. 

Profit-taking was set off 
initially as the Dow Jones 
industrial average tailed to 


dose above 1,700 on Monday. 

Declining shares Jed ad- 
vancing issues try a three-to- 
two margin on volume of 
100.17 million shares. Trans- 
portation shares recovered 
modestly from the lows 
u»died at mMsesshm. 

American Stock Exchange 
prices dosed higher in active 
trading. 

The Amex market value 
index gained (M7 to 249.73. 


STERLING SPOT AND FORWARD RATES 


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Feb Feb 
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BaaaRstn% 

Cleanng Banks 12V, 

France House 12 

nseowtf Mattel Loans % 
Overnight Hah: 12% Low 10 
Week feed: 12K 

TtaaaaffBBi (Discount %} 


EURO MONEY DEPOSITS % 


Ddar 

7 days 7”ie-7* 
3months7 ,6 r#7 ,# i* 


2mntf 12% 

3 mnth II^b 

Prime 8nk8*a( 


2 nwr ! 2 '„ 

3 ninth 11 »b 


Prime 8*afc 8H»(Dtecourt%) 

1 mntti l2 M n-l2*ii 2 i5»i 12 %- 12 Hi 
Smntfi tlfrllUis fifiMh 


7 days 4V4K 
3nrantts4*i»^« 
French franc 
7 days S%4% 

3 morahe 1234-12*# 


1 ninth IP'd 
S mith 123 


2 mnth 12 % 
6 with 1154 


7 days 9K-OK 

3mcrth»4i»3». 

rSys s*-6% 

amonthaPwO'ia 


can 03-7% 

i mooui 

6momhaTj T, i* 

1 month 4 %-4% 

0 momh«4»i*4'w 

cal 9%-a% 

1 month 12%-i2*n 

Smarts 13%-13 'm 
cal 1JMS 

1 month 4%-4% 
6mon8»4 
cal 64 

1 month 63-6% 
6months5%-5% 


Argendn* auswr • 
Ajspm oc*af — 

Behnundhtar. 

Brazi cruzeiro* — 
Cyprus pound — 
FMand maria 
Greece drachma— 
Hong KongdoBar - 

IncSa rupee 

Iraq Omar — __ — 

KuwaBtSnar KD — 

Malaysia dolar — 

M ffXte OpOTO __ 

Naw Zealand ddar 
Saud Arabia rival - 
Singapore doflar — 
South Africa rand.. 

UAEdrtm 


. 1,1944-1.1967 
. 2.105941104 
. (L5690- 04630 
_ 20156-20273 

0750.76 

. 7,5880-7.6290 
.2022520425. 
. 11 429-11-641 
1745-1605 

.04165042^ 

.&8B794SB20 

670-730 

.24141-24268 
5 A1 25-5.4525 
3.1909-3.1948 
24383^4520 
5A43O-5-4830 


79% 78% 

42% 43% 


Overnight open 12% dose 12% 

1 week 123-12% Smnth 11 %-IIK 
immh I2"w-12®i. Smnth 11%-11% 
3 ninth 12%-12>ie 12mth 11%-11% 
Local Authority Deposits {%) 

2 days 12 K 7 days 1 2% 


Gott$3S0JX>3SDL50 


imrtt 12 % 
Gmntti 11% 

Local Authority Be 
1 mnth 1314-13 
3 mnth 13-12% 
Smnth 12K-12H 


3 mnth 12 
12mth 11% 

9A 13% -12% 

6 mnth 12 % - 12 % 
12mth 12%-12% 


1 rrrth 12 ii w- 12 *m 3 mnth 12%-12 
6 mnth 11 «- 11 % I2mth 11 %- 11 % 


1 mnth 7.75-7.70 Smnth 7.75-7.70 
SnMh 7.75-7.70 12 mth 740-745 


Wardd Roberts, formerly 
1TM, which markets snack 
foods, is to seek a listing on the 
Unlisted Securities Market. 




ZkieM* Grade 

Cash 411.0941340 

Three Months. 422,0942340 


INVESTMENT TRUSTS 


Fixed Rets Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average ralare no e raw tor 


Feftnary 

cent 


iv Average retaranoe rata tor 
period January a 1988 to 
4. 1986 taduWvw 13477 per 


if LONDON FINANCIAL FUTURES 1 


TtneMoiA8tMttag Open 

Mar 88 3743 

JunK 8840 

Sep 68 8943 

Dec 88 89.72 

Ffrevlous day's mat open interest 11040 
Three MoMh EraMbf 

Mar88 92.13 

JtsiSB 9222 

Sep 86 32.11 

Dec 88 91.13 

US Treasury Bond 

Mar 88 91-08 

ton 86 90-10 

Sep 88 N/T 


HU Low Close EeiVol 

88.12 87.93 8847 1237 

8940 8843 B844 2553 

89.46 8933 89.44 399 

8941 ' 8970 8977 209 

Previous day's total open Interest 20152 

92.13 92.08 92-12 872 

922S 92.19 9223 2498 

92.13 92.10 92.12 303 

9144 9141 9142 95 

PrariouatWe total open k ito i e el 3034 
91-18 90-a 91-09 5855 

90-17 8928 90-10 520 


Hkr/SMCari 

HdanBMkil 


Short GW 

Mar 88 

ton 86 

Sep 86 

sen 

ton 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 88 

FT-SETOO 

Mar 88 

ton 86 


ffrerious day’s total open frriarast 8S 
9740 97-82 97-50 0/S) 213 

98-20 98-20 9820 96-19 6 

N/T 0 

Previous day's total open kriarest 7574 
11540 115-04 114-07 114-09 8377 

1J5-Z7 115-29 115-08 11506 445 

N/T 115-27 0 

N/T 11527 0 

Previous day's Cntel open Interest 1782 
15240 15420 15220 15240 399 

15440 156.10 15440 15445 9 


104 

87 

AMta 

104 

•+1 

Ill 

35 4*8 

700 

680 

MX# 

fiSfi 

-a 

26.1 1 

37 335 

ia 

118 

An# Trust 

13B 

-1 

45 

21 355 

319 

1R3 

245 

123 

Ang A## Sac 
Ashdown 

319 

185 


as 

44 

25 485 

27 615 

120 

M 


108 

-2 

08 

*7 .. 



Back#* 




35 41.7 

194 

» 

IS Bern 
*7 “r a mm 

T78 

SPi 

-*i 

15 

2J 

08 .. 

4.7 321 - 

SSL 29 

» EnuMSec 

37 

_ . 

0 J 

22 435 

383 

312 

Booth im 

383 


2*9 < 

55 235 

88 

6* 

frwnr 

88 


3.1 

35 4*0 

89 

705 

72 

S25 

asur* 

m 

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«... 

33 r 
300r 

27 384 

45 335 

178 

119 

Ovtccnt Japan 

163 

•-a 

05 

*3 .. 



Darby toe 

119 


125 

10L4 127 

127 

95 

Do Cap 

115 





26* 

DrayKXi Con* 

370 


M3 

45 315 - 


112 

Dragon F* EM 

162 

e-i 

15 

1.1 .. 

S10 

348 


510 

• +4 

1 A 

05 .. 


363 

Ctzyioa Pmi# 

5U 


182 

55 3*9 

199 

urn 


190 


7.T 

4.1335 

•118 

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199 

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*5 7*4 

136 

316 

is 

754 

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Baetrtc usn ’ 

136 

316 


45 r 
5.6 r 

2*455 

15 715 

<42 

81 

114 

as 

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Sen* ' 

U2 

81 

- 

95 

15 

25 420 

23 575 

122 

91 

Eu^WiNY 

140 

#-i 

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20 472 

97 

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78 

fTS ABunc* 

130 

96 

♦1 

25 

23 

15 722 

25 5S7 

IBB 

127 

FIC Prate 

ira 

-1 

12 r 

1.1 385 

260 

295 

186 

2*2 

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210 

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45 362 

IBS 

no 

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12fl 

*7 

73 1*1 ’ 

590 

415 

Ftonanp AraencM 

528 

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15 81.1 

303 

235 

Rdntog CWrW 

30? 


143 

45 221 

298 

109 

233 

78 

FMAtu Enwmrtaa 
Fteaara F# Ent 

SB 

97 

• .. 

125 

15 

45385 

15 9*0 


10O 


117 


35 

21 455 


405 

Flanang Jap» 

IBB • 

+3 

97 

TO .. 

132 

105 

FMte M#anaa 

VO 


45 

32425 

13* 

too 

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T79 

• -1 

35 

30 424 


120 

Raining Tsch 

150 


55 

22 635 

353 

268 

FlacSng LMxarM 

387 

-1 

7.1 r 

20 426 

78 

59 

For Cd 

rr. 


20 r 

25 6S5 


91 

GBCCepM 

too 




US 

115 

GT 

M2 


20 r 

14 876 

146 

97 

Ganar* fHxxJt 

143 

• .. 

25 

20 824 



FINANCIAL TRUSTS 


THE TIMES UNIT TRUST INFORMATION SERVICE 


Aust Growth 
Euro SntShr 
Far Em 

JST&SS 

Jinn Part 


Exanvt 

Exsnyn Msrtet 

SHOWN BURLEY 
9-17. Pnrymons I 

0*44 454144 

88 Fund toaome 
Do Actual 
F*Xtocai 


TacttoCXOfly 


Tha Stock E*a 
01-648 2864 
Osasrsi toe (Q 
Da Acaan » 
income Fund p 
Do Aocus a 
Wtocp) 

Da Aconfl 

SnM# toe<£ 

Do Actum is 


01-2*2 1148 

CStoBlRM 


BM Offer Cling YU 


827 860 -14 0LS3 

t?9 134 -0.1 042 

362 38 6 -05 124 

Z3.1 2«5# -04 979 
314 319 -Cl 2-0* 
444 474* +*l .. 
130 134 -at . . 
75.0 713 «C4 24* 

647 67.7 „ 4.14 


.. 478 
-01 .. 
+ 1.1 2.12 
+02 .. 
40.1 201 

.. rot 

♦03 S84 
-24 (70 
-05 020 
+05 Ml 
-15 050 
-14 240 


■ London EC2P 2IT 
1684 1004 .. Ml 

2*44 308.7 . . affi 

«4 B47 .. 48! 

1543 1825 .. 443 

1113 1162# +1.1 2.14 
1470 1S&M +14 2.14 
9S78100S5 .. 277 

990310612 . . 277 


, London WC1V 6PY 

59.1 624 -03 04* 


U OH* 0tog YU 


EQUITY & LAW 

a a«n hh c numMiu sl oms« cm 

190 


UK Omi Aeon 
On tocama 
KSer toe Acorn 
Do tocoms 
Qta/Raa mm 
D o toc o ms 
Nto Am# TM Acorn 
Fir Em T*r Accum 
Em Tat Accum 
Gananl TruR 


137.1 1454 
120.7 1283 
2169 mu 
1764 I860 

95.1 1001 C 
■24 88.7c 

1277 1365 
1004 112.1 
1314 1894 
214.1 2277 


FA CUMT MANAGEMENT 
h l#«"«Rnrai* H*. London E 
01-631 4080 

4*w**n Rtod 694 7*7 

CAPCO Fold 1020 109.1 

tocoms Fold 72.1 774 

F«r ElMm Had 587 63S 

Onresss toooaa SIS 655 

Fixvd Vasmst 5* 4 57.7 

Nmnl Rss Find 454 406 

European tocoms 614 654# 

FmajTYenBMATKMAL 
R»er 225i Jonondga. TWO 1DY 
0732 382222 

Aeuncwi 934 1004 

Amw Eqrty taoom 304 33.0e 

Am# Sp+cM s to 474 507 

Fa Em toe 274 297 

GIIFMH 202 305 

ftwdi A tocoms 903 984 

Japan Special 5u» 304 32Ce 

-tap® Trial 884 822 

Maenad w Tat 1174 1200 c 

Mai Teams EqaSy 862 734 c 

I’ w—a e iaT 304 soae 

South EM AM Tat 254 27.1 

SpadalSa 1354 1444 


BU Otar Chng YU 


MMCMJMMOH unrr trust 

MAMAOBtS 

PO^Bce 442. 32 9t MsnFatoWL Loodoo EC3P 
01-823 9333 

MWl HOMS 50.1 534# +C7 548 

NAmgr Tim 1102 1174 -24 04* 

HseoMT 1692 1900 +42 276 

G» Trust 37 8 3&9e +1.1 9 82 

SI VtacarS toe 762 784« +14 545 
Sl Vincent UEOfi 708 73.Be -14 050 
TsaeSaBarSnCtrs 1417 1«5 .. 456 

■MMnoMRUurnHrMiiMn 
Pranasr UT AdBto. & RajMp Rd. Branmaod 


BU OMr dig YU 




I 

•Wd OB# Chng YU 1 


Owg TIM 


-14 028 
-14 0*4 
♦07 648 
-07 043 
-14 *15 
.. 95* 
+0.1 *09 
-04 476 


-15 041 
-04 549 
-02 046 
-04 170 
♦07 947 
+24 *59 
-04 .. 
-04 .. 
+OI 033 
♦12 547 
♦05 243 
-0* 045 
+26 1.17 


0277 217916 

HanArdt Bm# Co'« 1094 116.4# 
HM TO B H Amar 8*4 801 
Ma m hroa Jap 6 F E 864 9i4 
Jtontoro# 8mnd*fi 675 725 
Heaton* Empmn 864 909 
IM Kju S CaneSan 402 **9 
Harttsos EquSy too 750 803 
Hsutona Mg* toe S34 984c 
Hantoraa Has Aaata 541 58 5# 


♦06 22S 

-14 097 

-07 049 

-02 147 
-05 141 
-07 178 
♦05 *57 
♦Ol 532 

-01 a.M 


) 1095 

+*a 151 

1 1523 

+12 151 

1 525 

♦03 4.73 

1 6*4 

+4L3 473 

1 873 

+05 459 

100.2 

♦15 458 

1 55 Jo 

-14 1.18 

1 355 c 

-12 218 

S 103 


1 427 

.. 250 

! 355c 

.. *50 

: 295 

-04 150 

C3R 8BO 



Do tecum 
■SnMtr coa 1 
Do tarn 


TT62 1235 -1.1 146 

935 100.0#’ +05 252 
994 1055# +14 251 


CMMON fUW MAMACBS 
l-O^ggVftY. Wantotof. HAS DNS 




2615 2784 
29B.7 3178 
1405 1*94 
13*7 1435 


Cjrnjwneiiwnn 

KW-Oto Broad Sl London EC2N ISO 
ffl-621 0011 

capes a 3205 3374 .. 154 

income CT 2S05 2641 .. 54* 

North toWon [3) 2S7.7 2715 • .. 146 

CATbialldi 

1. King VHem Sl EC4N 7AU 
01-623 6314 

GW Tn«J 9*2 10*5# +05115* 

CENTRAL BOAffl OF nHANCCCF 
CHURCH OF ENO 
77 Ipndon MM ECS 100 
01-588 1815 

hvfiBnd 36*45 .. *6* 

Fh*d W (3255 . . 1079 

Oapeoa 1004 .. 1170 

CHARmeS OFFICIAL SMSTNEKT SURD 
W. London MM. London EC2N 106 
01-908 1915 


CLB ac AL a tntcAHsenHMT 

NarrjmPtai. BrtaaS 682 OM 
0272 277719 

Benw# &X*Y 3*5 374 +0.1 .. 

EaUty Kign tocon# 374 385c +04 . . 

as > RmU M on 274 294 + 0.1 . . 

M* Snow 297 255 . . 

WUWTY BANK UNIT TRUSTS 
181. CnwpMla. London ECW «EU 
01-228 1MB 

CapM Accus 9625 27*5 +13 153 

En#W Trust 41 8 4*4# +01 57* 

Exon Worn* 147 8 1574 +14 555 

HntoCM 1334 1423 d +04 250 

GSI SOMgy 5*7 5*3 +02 1 BQ 

Gnpnn toe ett se m 261 1 2777 +14 27i 

tocoma • Gronto 324 395# +05 4 79 

Japsnssa a Piddc 1097 118 7 +15 001 

miAmsr DM) 955 1024 -14 178 


Mancwi Emm 834* 6 3524 -*50 152 

Japm Exempt £2794 29&3e -629 156 
Am Property xat SI 07954 .. 7.75 

Property That £20974 .. *10 


01-628 5161 
Atm C Gen Inc 
Do Accum 
Am# Tumwnd toe 
Oo Accun 
CAptal Tstta 
Oo Accum 
can. I at he 
Oo team 
Extra toe Tst fees 
Do Accum 
tncome Thas 
Da Accum 
tot Growto Fd toe 
00 Aram 
Jnsn « Den toe 
Do Accum 


206 2 2194 
2125 2284 
1984 1965 
2215 23*5 
814 8S5 
1085 1132 
1414 1504# 
1S44 16*5# 
1074 11*0 
1112 1184 
1«4 1595 
1655 1764 
6*2 684* 
645 685# 
694 734# 
1215 13*6# 
1305 1394* 


Pwum End. Danang. Surrey 
0308 IW5U56 


FP Equey Dot 
Do Aram 
rp Fixed to! Dtat 
Do Acom 
StBvmrttehp Oat 
Do Aecwn 


1892 2005 
3125 3305 
1040 -1144 
119.1 1Z7J 
1545 1633 
15*5 1675 


-*S 057 
-*5 057 
-44 143 
-44 143 
♦05 259 
+14 259 
+05 *43 
+OE *43 
+05 453 
+1.1 453 
+08 *49 
+05 *48 
-47 040 
-31 040 
-02 018 
-04 aia 
+07 5.10 
+04 149 
+02 149 


+05 251 
+1* 251 
•22 *28 
♦04 648 
+04 24S 
+04 225 





Flams** court 

Pj#ac Tiubm Ktoga+oy. WCZ 

01-405 4300 

tec# 3044 314.7 

Gross toe 1334 1375 

h«ii maid 19*1 19*5# 


OTUr*TIUNAG0tS 

Bn Floor. * Deems 
01-283 2575 Deetng 1 
UK Cm Fncr toe 
SU Aram 1 

tocoms Fma 

ft»BW Exempt 1 


mi Am# Oeedi 
too Banwaiy 
Smafcf CD s 
OOOHtoc T» 


955 1024 
101J 107.7# 
1937 19S.4* 
515 6tte 


EAGLE STAR UNTT TRUST MANAOBU 
Bath Boa* Chae n rw eii . auunew# GL 
0242 521311 

UKBUanoMtoc 824 6*9 +1 

DO Accum 824 8B5 +( 

UK GrtwOi Acaao 572 71.7 +' 

UK Ugh he toe 904 6*5 M 

H American Accum 60 0 6*5 

Far Esstsm Acosn 592 631 

EtnOSM Accum 6£2 69.7 -1 

uxdeantoc 505535 +< 

Do Accum 505 635 +{ 

EOBTABLE UMTS a— 8W8BBH 
3* Fout sen 3L Menem U# 

061-238 5885 

EquMSs POkzn *95 7*1 M 

“ 6*1 704 


US & Senna 
Yetb 6 Orwrm 
Genera 
Fnr Em * Osn 

C omp ax n Fine 

Gannmy Find 


♦IS 250 
+24 250 
♦05*60 

*0.7 £40 
-IS 1.00 
-1-3 140 
-21 1.00 
•02 030 
-05 140 
+24 070 
.. 150 


Whew DM 
G# I Fnadtot 
Tat Of tor Tiua 
Epad# SHTma 
NOI Am# Dun 
Far Eastern Tnea 


595 635# 
704 745 
516 5*5 
5*7 625 


525* 4*2 ICC 


La Creme 
de la Creme 


EVERY WEDNESDAY 


A wide range of Secretarial and P.A. 
Appointments Plus Genera! Secretarial 
Appointments. 


L_ 


OARTMONe FUND SMMMERS 
L a Mary Ax* LonSMt EC3A 9HP 
01^ 3 1212 Drxeifl 01-623 8788 DaM^ 01*23 

Amene#! Truer 890 955 -25 050 

AUSOWM Trust 1*7 195 -*7 043 

BniW iTW Acosn 51.1 64.7c .. 227 

DolM *4 9 -84# .. 227 

CemraorMy Share 5*5 5*4 . . 131 

EunpaanTrus **.1 474# +03 070 
Exn tooon# Trual *4 0 47.1 +04 643 

FwExasm mat 932 995 .0*2 

FMd totamat Fuad 2*5 2*4 4*11*47 

G* Trust 258 2*5 +041041 

QiflBai F#id Acna* vt& 151 6 >42 07« 

DO DM 1387 1444 -04 046 

Don Sere That 134 142 +05 TQt 

Haog ac Arue nan 265 305 -02 *10 

toeona That 1233 1315 * +*4 55* 
M#19 K ang That 254 273* -OA 052 
tosane Rtod 665 TOie +*3 273 

riww Agendas CA259 4*20 +040 2.18 

JwnTnai 1025 1094 +*( *00 

gnegWExMpI- 2*74 2560 +23 349 

**jMgy Trust ■ 315 324# +*7 147 
teaeal Scs That 814 *73 +07 1 18 

JKSMCsRaeTit 824 8*6 -C.T 140 




umt mnoEMBir 

mjeheur Hw. 77. London MM. Idndm EC& 
171-588 5620 

toe Gnjwto 70 a 757 +03 1BZ 

ABMcan Gmwm 562 bane _n* t m 

Amrmcuntae 854 89 7c -05 559 

graetn GroMt 18*5 1904 -04 02* 

Goto 8 asn#aa *34 *84 -*2 15* 

j*Qxn Gtowdl 1165 12+ 3d -14 022 

W°"w ia CDS 65 1 # - 1.0 *o« 

IK Specs* Oku 754 Me +07 £2a 

gWtBeTBANAtPO 

%&*££**■***» 




Gar s Feme H 
Grown? Efluay 
Guam 
N ARtoncan 
P»c*e 

?on#w Share 


Smaa# Comoamea 1893 acn 4 
C^wmTrwi 19*5 3116 


1193 1195# -17 975 
193 3 20*7 +54 217 

2005 291 9# +4 7 308 
1316 1389 -26 413 

19*7 IK 7 -05 061 

217.4 zn3* +15 1-76 
1893 2014 +3* 164 



p i vv/ > : 1 



M5 



















































TEMPUS 


ment price rise set 
in imagination only 


rrc‘did 


STOCK MARKET REPORT 


Stock market' dealers have 
wonderful imaginations. 
Without any firm evidence, 
they, have' convinced them- 
selves that a cement price 
increase will be announced 
next Wednesday after the 
monthly meeting of the Co- 
ntent Manufacturers Federa- 
tion. In the past month, this 
belief has added 40p to Blue 
Circle Industries’ share price, 
which now stands at S8Ip. 

Cement prices have gone 
up only once in the past four 
years and while a wnnW 


increase would boost profits, 
it is highly unlikely to occur 
in the immediate future be- 
cause the :■ cement makers, 
who jointly operate a cartel to 
set the price, know the risks - 
an increase could bring the 
Cartel under renewed scrutiny 
and another investigation is 
probably unnecessary. 

- Regarding the first risk, in 
the past there has been pres- 
sure for changes to the cartel 
from contractors such as 
John Laing, who have attend- 
ed np less than two monopo- 
lize ^cartd ^ zppirijved *eadb 

time. 

As for the second -risk, a 
price increase at current ex- 
change rates would encourage 
imports and. could lead to 
vastly increased penetration 
jby -continental producers, i 
RMC, a leading ready-mix ; 
concrete, manufacturer mule i 
it clem a k>ng tune ago that it i 
could not stand by while | 
Competitors imported a j 
cheaper product. « 

. These factors make h on- < 
likely that there will be an j 
increase until later in the 
year, and even .then, with i 
good warning. j 

This is not to say that Blue < 
Circle's stores should he sold. I 
There are a number of factors i 
m their favour — notably s 
their low raring. They are i 
trading on less than nine I 
times earnings, assuming e 
Blue Circle will announce ( 
profits of £105 million for t 
1985. r 

This estimate takes into i\ 
account the company’s poor g 


there should be an excellent 
contribution from the United 
States, partly because of the 
profits Blue Circle is making 
by importing cement from 
Mexico and dseh were. 

In addition, there win be a 
maiden contribution from . 
Williams Brothers, acquired 
in December and whose 
aquisfrion makes Blue Circle 
the largest concrete and ce- 
ment producer in~- Atlanta 
where demand is growing 
strongly. The American con- 




more than $40 million and 
should rise to $70 millioa in 
1986. 

The figures mean that the 
fundamentals are good 
enough to justify buying Blue 
Circle’s shares, without dress- 
ing up the prospect for price 
increases at home. 

Foreign & Colonial 
Investment Trust 


performance in Singapore. 
South Africa-and Mexico.' In 
the current year, however. 


After a hundred years of 
stately progress. Foreign & 
Colonial Investment Trust is 
joining the rush to capitalize 
on its fund management 
skills. Its parent group plans 
to float the fund management 
subsidiary, formed in 1985. 
within the next few years. 

This could be hugely signif- 
icant for the investment trust 
as it owns 61 per cent of the 
fund management company. 
Currently this holding has a 
book value of £1 million but 
its market value could be 
several tiroes that. Much 
depends on how the business 
is valued. - 

Currently. Foreign & Colo- 
nial Investment Trust is mak- 
ing little in the way of profits 
as it incurred sizeable estab- 
lishment costs. Its current 
value is therefore- better as- 
sessed by reference to ftinds 
under management, current- 
ly £1.4 - billion, rather than 
earnings. A comparison with, 
for example, Templeton. Gal- 
braith & Hansberger, the 
recently floated fund manage- 
ment company, would sug- 
gest a value of as much as £84 
million, but this figure looks - 
far too high when other 
companies are used 


The value put on Hender- 
son Administration, which 
has a wider spread of funds, 
including pensions and in- 
vestment trusts as well as the 
more profitable unit trusts, 
points to a price tag of about 
£60 million — that is, about 4 
per cent of the funds under 
managemenLGiven that the 
investment trust business, 
which dominates Foreign St 
Colonial, produces only I per 
cent a year, even this assess- 
ment look high. But as For- 


w i-uiuniai launcnes 

more unit trusts, it will 
become a more realistic valu- 
ation. 

The ' prospect of 
incoportaing that son of sum 
into the balance sheet should 
be enough to reduce the 
investment trust’s current 
discount. At 77p, the shares 
are trading at a 27 per cent 
discount to estimated assets, 
which seems unduly wide. 

Yesterday Foreign & Colo- 
nial Investment Trust an- 
nounced an 1 1.4 per cent 
increase in net assets over last 
year. Against the London 
stock market that looks low 
but it was an above-average 
performance for the invest- 
ment trsut sector. The divi- 
dend was up 15 per cent to 
I.47p. 

In the first half of the year, 
the trust was caught unawares 
by the collapse in the elec- 
tronics sector and a dull 
performance by the major 
Japanese exporting compa- 
nies. Later in the year, how- 
ever, these investments 
proved most advantageous. 
But in the current year. 
Foreign & Colonial is not 
going to show the -same sort 
of gams from the current 
spate of bids as win other 
trusts because management 
decided to withdraw from 
consumer stocks some 
months ago a derison it may 
regret with bindsighL . 

With four times the aver- 
age weighting in the electron- 
ics sector, the trust is bound 
to be benefiting strongly from 
the current rise. But its 
performance depends largely 
on currencies as overseas 
assets accounted for 65 per 
cent of the portfolio 


THIS NOTICE DOES NOT CONSTITUTE AN OFFER FOR SALE AND 
THE STOCK DESCRIBED BELOW IS NOT AVAILABLE EOR 
PURCHASE DIRECT FROM THE BANK OF ENGLAND. OFFICIAL 
DEA LINGS IN THE STOCK ON THE STOCK EXCHANGE ARE 
EXPECTED TO COMMENCEON THURSDAY. 27TH FEBRUARY 1986. 

■_'f ~ .. • . 


BtRTICULARSOFAN ISSUE OF £8OOJ)0OJX)O 

9[ per cent CONVERSION STOCK, 2005 


SCHEDULE OF BVYMENTS: 

Amouni paid on issue £2(100 percent 

Amount payable on Monday 2fth April 1986 £40.00 percent 

- Amount payable op Monday, 2nd June 1986 £36.50 per cent 

INTEREST JMMBLE HALF-YEARLY ON 1 8TH APRIL AND 
. I8TH OCTOBER ' 

This Stock is an investment failing within Part ll of the First Schedule 
to the Trustee Investments Act 1961. Application has been made to the 
Council of The Stock Exchange fir the Stock to be admitted to the Official 
List. 

The whole oftbc Stock has been issued u> the Bank of England on 25 lb 
February J986 at a price of £96.50 per cent The amount paid on issue was 
£20.00 per can. the amount payable on 28th April 1986 wiU be £3000 per 
cent and the amomax payable cm 2nd Jnne 1 986 will be £36J>0 per cent. 

The principal oTand imeiest on theSiock wDl tea charge on the National 
Loans Fund, with recourse to the CoosoMaitd Fond of ibe Umud Kingdom. 

The Stock will be repaklaipir on 18th April 2005. 

- The Stock will be regsared ai the Bank of England or *1 the Bank of 
Inland. Belfast, and will be transferable, m multiples of one penny, by 
rastramem in writing in accordance with the Slock Transfer Ad 1963. Stock 
ttpoered at the Bank of England held for the account of memberaoTthe 
Central Gilts Office Service mil also be transferable, in multiples of one 
penny, by exempt transfer in accordance wnh tbc Stock Transfer Act 1982 
and the relevant subordinate legislation. Transfers wiB be See of stamp duty. 

- Interest will be payable half-yearly on iSlta April and 18th October 
Income tax will be deducted from payments of mote than £5 perannnra. 
Intctcsi warrants wiS be transstitied by post. The first interest payment ml! 
be due on 18th October 1 986.anhe rate of £4.4927 per £100 ofibe Stock. . 

Until payment rn fan has been made and a completed registration form 
Submitted » the Bank of England, the Slock wfll be represented by letters of 
aBounetu. _• 

Payment in fall may be made ai any time prior to 2ndJtme 1986 bm no 
discount win fie allowed on such payment. Interest may be charged on a 
day-today basis on any overdue amount wfucb may be accepted at a rate 
equal to ibe London Inter- Bank Offered Raw for seven day deposits in 
sterling rU BOR H plus I percent: per annum. Such rate will be determined 
by the Bank of England by reference »o market quotations, on ibe due dare 
for the relevant payment, for LIBOR obtained from such source or sources 
as the Bank of England shah consider appropriate Default in doe payment 
of any amount in respect of the Shock win render the allotment of such Stock 
liable to caocellananaMi any amount previously paid liable to forfeanre. 

Letters of allotment may be split into denominations of multiples of 
£ 100 on written request received fry the Bank ofEngland. Newlssues. Wnling 
Street London. EC4M9AA on any date not later than 29ih May 1986, Such 
requests must be signed and most be accompanied bythe tenets oTaHocmeni 
fbut a letur cannot be split if any payment is overdue). 

Letters of allDtmem must be surrendered for restoration, accompanied 
by a completed rt g&trm on form, when the final instalment is paid, unless, 
payment in fofl has been made before the due dare, in which case they must 
be surrendered fbmcgistianon not later than 2nd June 1986, 

Until the dose of business on 1 5th September 1986. Slock issued in 
accordance with this prospectus will be known as 95 Percent Conversion 
Stock. 2005 "A" The interest due? on 1 8th October 1986 wiO be 1 paid 
separate*? cm boUmgs of the octsiing 91 per cent Conversion Stock, 2005 
and on holdings of “A” Stock as at the dose oTbusmess on L5th September 
I'JSfuconseqoenilv. interest mandates, authorities for income tax exemption 
and oilier notifications recorded m respect of holdings of existing Siode will 
nor be applied to the paynwnt of interest due on !8tb October 1986 on 
boldine* of "A’ Stock. 

The last date for lod g e m ent 31 the Bank of England of transfers for 
registration as “A" Stock will be Htb Septetn bcr l 986. After this datc /or 
purposes of certification, the “A*" Stock will not be distinguished from the 
existing « per cent Conversion Siock, 2005. From ibe openmg of business 
on I fub September 1986. the -A“ Stock will be amalgamated wad the existing 
Stock. 

Copies of this notice may be obtained at the Bank of England. New 
hsues. whiling Street. London. EC4M 9AA. or m any of die Branches of the 

Bank of Engtoid. or atthe Glasgow Agency of the Bank of Epgbnd. 25 Sl 
V incent Place. Glasgow. Gl 2EB; at the Bank of Ireland. Moyne Buddings, 
la Floor. 20 Callender Street. Belfast. BTI 5BN: m Mullens & Co, IS 
Moorgaie. London. EC2R 6AM6 or at any office of The Stock Exchange in 
she Lnhed Kjnpdom. ; 

CarfmmnH statement 

AtKMian a drawn to the statement issued by Her Majesty's Treasury 
ow29tb May 1985 which explained that, in the interest of the orderly conduct 
of fiscal pobex; neither Her Majesty's Government nor the Bank or England 
or their respective servants or agents undertake to deMose m change 
decided oo but not rer aaboonerd. even where they may specifically affect 
the terms on attch.'or ibe condition* under which. Hus Slock is issued or 
sold by or oo behalf of the Government or ibe Bank tiat no responsibility 
can therefore bp accepted for any aroissoo to make such disclosure; and that 
such omtssian shall neither render any transaction liable lobe set aside nor 
give nse to an> claim for compensation. 



BANK OF ENGLAND 
LONDON 


25th February (986 


COMPANY NEWS 


• INDEPENDENT NEWS- 
PAFGRSc final dividend ■ I Op, 
making ISp, for 1985 — a 25 
per cent increase- — plus a one- 
for-two scrip issue. Turnover Ir 
£7733 miffion (Ir £69.5 mil- 
Hob|l Pretax profit Ir £4.6 
million (Ir £3.02 million). Earn- 
ings per share 21-9p (1 3.4p).The 
board reports that ranee the 
year-end the group has taken 
advantage of the strong rise in 
the Reuter Holdings’ share price 
by realizing its remaining 
investment in Reuters. The 
group, together with its US 
associates, has sold its Califor- 
nian redid interests and so wiO 
benefit from a capital apprecia- 
tion of more than 100 per cent 
over the past 18 months. 

• ABBEY: The chairman, Mr 
Charles Gallagher, reports that 
following the failure of the 
bid by French Kier and 
the subsequent sale of shares, 
more than 70 per cent of 
Abbey’s shares air now owned 
by British residents. The 
company’s registered office is in 
Dublin, but the board has 
resolved that all board 
meetings wiQ be held in Britain 
and that the management func- 
tion of the holding company wiU 
be exercised from relocated 
group headquarters in the South 
of England. 

• OZAUD GROUP HOLD- 
INGS: Year to Nov. 30, 1985. 
Turnover £52.64 million 
(£36.69 million). Pretax profit 
£3.07 millioa (£1.6 million). 
Comparative figures do not 
incorporate the results of OCE 
Copiers (UK), the office systems 
division, which was transferred 
to Ozalid in pec- 1984. The 
design and engineering division 
substantially increased sales and 
profit. 

• GROUP LOTUS: General 
Motors has received accep- 
tances totalling II .26 million 
ordinary shares (64, 1 S per cent). 
Its offer has become uncondi- 
tional and win remain open. 

• LOUISIANA LAND ANE 
EXPLORATION: The com 
pany has made another natural 
gas discovery on Block 113 in 
the Netherlands sector of the 
North Sea. Louisiana through 
its affiliate. Clam Petroleum, 
has an 11.25 percent interest in 
this block. 

• CROWN FOREST IN- 
DUSTRIES: This company, a 
subsidiary of Belcher Chal- 
lenge; is reporting Jor . 1985. 
Safes Can $853 million (about 
£421 million), against Can 

5740.8 million. Pretax earnings 
Can $30.6 million (Toss Can 

51 2.8 million). The board con- 
fidently expects that the earn- 
ings trend developed over the 
past 18 months will continue; 

• ENSIGN TRUST: The offers 
for the 14.59 million “A” or- 
dinary shares in Common- 
wealth Development Finance 
and for the {1.74 million “B" 
ordinary shares have been ac- 
cepted by the holders of 13.08 


million “A” ordinary (89.65 per 
cent) and by the holders of all 
the “B". These offers have been 
declared unconditional as to 
acceptances. The cash alter- 
native has now closed. 

• VICTOR PRODUCTS.- An 
interim dividend of !.75p ( 1 -6p) 
is being paid on April 7 Tor the 
six months to Oct -31. 1985. 
Turnover £9.58 million (£6.85 
million). Pretax profit £516,000 
(£549.000 loss). Earnings per 
share 3.6p (9p loss). The board 
says that there is no reason why 
the second-half s results should 
noi be somewhat better than the 
first's. While the outcome for 
full year will not approach 
.record of 1983, the company 
is recovering wefl. . 


Shares recover after trade 
Jlrr „ figures boost confidence 


warning’ 

By Michael Prest 

The International Tin 
Council ignored warnings 
from its secretariat that us 
mainly tin assets could be 
iosufneent to protect it if 
market prices felL a leading 
banker said yesterday. 

Sir Adam Ridley, a director 
of Hambros Bank and spokes- 
man for the group of 16 ITC 
creditors, told the Commons 
Select Committee on Trade 
and Industry in a paper "The 
members were specifically 
warned of the risk that its tin 
assets might be insufficient to 
meet ns debts and that the 
ITC would thus be insolvenL*' 

In a strong attack on the 
conduct of the council Sir 
Atom said that the FTC was 1 
aware that it could not raise 
cash by selling tin without 
depressing prices further, and 
that it had failed to act on staff 
advice about bow to improve 
ns viability. 

The ITC was forced to 
withdraw from the tin market 
on October 24 last year when 
its buffer stock ran out of cash, 
ft has gross debts of £900 
million, including forward 
commitments to buy 62,000 
tonnes of tin, and it owes the 
group of 16 £350 million. 

The attack was made on the 
eve of new discussions be- 
tween the ITC and its credi- 
tors, aimed at setting up a 
company ,prev iously called 
Newco and now called Tinco, 
which win take over the ITCs 
obligations. The ITC and its 
creditors are due to meet 
tomorrow. 

It is understood that the 
creditors’ solicitors. Slaughter 
and May, will today advise 
them on the acceptability of 
proposals in the draft agree- 
ment on Tinco, which cover 
indemnity against prosecution 
for those participating in 
Tinco. They will also advise 
on whether Tinco wifl have 
power to enforce export con- 
trols on tin producing mem- 
bers. 


Stock markets gave a sicadi- nada A dropped u>260p at one 
er performance after stage on news that the Inde- 
T uesday s sharp reaction pendent Broadcasting Author- 
caused by the strong pound, ity objected to the bid from 
The FT 30-share index gamed Rank Organisation. The 
6,0 points at 1,270.2 and the shares later rallied to 268p, a 
FT -SE 10O-sbare marker was net loss of 1 8p. as Rank (up 5p 


up 6.9 at 1534.6. 

News of a bumper balance 
of payments surplus, the best 
for nearly three years, restored 
confidence. Although the fig- 
ures were distorted by EEC 
rebates and a record £997 
million oil surplus, dealers 
were hoping they are good 
enough for the Chancellor to 
nudge interest rates lower in 
the Budget. 

A slightly easier pound en- 
couraged institutional inves- 
tors to back their international 
favourites. Government 
stocks recovered early falls of 
half a point to close a quarter 
better on balance, helped by 
J the trade figures and 
Tuesday’s new “zap” issue 
which yields less than 10 per 
cent for the first time in 13 
years. 

Leading shares rebounded 
from initial slightly depressed 
levels to close with a majority 
of gains. Lucas mirrored the 
.trend by slipping to 586p 
before recovering smartly to 
finish at 608 pence, a net rise 
of 1 2p. British Telecom added 
3p more to 1 94p supported by 


to 522p) derided to press 
ahead with the offer and have 
further talks with the 1BA over 
Granada's TV franchise. 

Insurances were very firm 
again still reflecting cheerful 
circulars from brokers re- 
leased on Tuesday. In fifes. 
Prudential put on another lOp 
to 827p while composites 
featured Royal at 880p, up 
12p, ahead of today's results. 
Analysts are looking for prof- 
its of between £39 million and 
£40 million well above last 
year's £11 million. 

Banks were subdued slip- 
ping 2p or 3p after cautious 


Amstrad met profit-taking 
ai 372p, down 8p. but other 
high tech issues such as Logics 
advanced !2p to 166p. Ad- 
verse comment on T uesday's 
results left Mount Charlotte 
4tep lower at l9Vtp. Horizon 
Travel rose 5p to 1 16p excited 
by news that Mr Ron 
Brierley's IEP Securities had 
built up a 7.42 per cent stake. 
Bass already holds a 12.5 per 
cent interesL 

Food retailers were strong. J 
Sainsbury at 392 p and AB 
Foods at 284p both gained 1 Op 
while Fitch Lovell put on 
another 5p to 31 2p on vague 
rumours of a bid from Albert 


with BP up 4p to 54Sp. But 
Burma!) met profit taking at 
32 Sp down 9pL Pearson Group 
recouped 7p to 475p, dealers 
are convinced that a 550p 
consortium bid will be an- 
nounced soon. 

Excel put on 4p to 415p 
awaiting developments. Bid- 
dle Holdings jumped another 
20p to 1 95p in response to the 
bid approached announced 
late on Tuesday. Havelodt 
Europa returned from a brief 
suspension at 230p. up I4p, 
on news of a merger with Store 
Design, a neighbouring Scot- 
tish shopfitting group. 

Herrburger Brooks cele- 


Fisher. The commodity dealer bra led a profits recovery with 
S & W Berisford rallied 6p to a 3p improvement to 71p. 
1 71 p on vague suggestions of MeggittHoIdin|£gained4plo 


an approach from Hillsdown. 

Site redevelopment plans at 
K.ingston-upon-Thames 


comment on the impact of boosted Ben tails 7p to I62p. 
Mexico's debt rescheduling Norwich Union has won the 


plans. Better-than-expected 
profits last Monday prompted 
another 12p rise in Alfred 
McAlpine at 372p. 

Victor Products softened 4p 
to 124p after a 6 per cent 
profits felL Engineers to find 
favour included Bfrmtd at 
1 12'Ap. Gtynwed ai 306p, 
Pegler Hatters ley at 386p and 
Howdeu Group at 95p up 2V>p 
to 8p. Takeover speculation 
continued to stimulate STC at 
IlSp up 6p. The figures are 


many brokers who think the IlSp up 6p. the figt 
shares have been overlooked due early next month, 
in the recent advance. 

US buyers pushed Grand 
Metropolitan up lOp to 41 6p 
and Jaguar 17p to 468p. porirriPC 
Vickers continued to benefit EaumES 
from last Monday’s profits, up v (180p) i 

5p to 403p, taking other £ sh, ? y (Laura) (135p) e. 
engineering issues up in sym- , 

pathy. ICI was relatively sub- S v 

dued at 907p up 3p in front of chance™ spS ream 


contracL Elsewhere in firm 
stores. Cantors was up 8p to 
UOp on speculative interesL 
William Baird climbed 30p to 
510p in a thin market on talk 
ofa bid from Dawson Intenut- 
tkmaL which was recently 
thwarted in its attempt to 
acquire Coals Patons. 

Fisons, due to report early 
next month, improved 6p to 
505p while Macartbys Phar- 
maceuticals rose another 7p to 
358p on Jadelle's winning 
control. Oils were steadier 


-RECENT ISSUES 


Abbott Mead V (180p) 223 dn 3 
Ashley (Laura) (135p) 200 up 1 
Brook mount (160p) 180 

Cable & Wire (567p) 340 up 5 
Chart FL (86p) 90 

Chancery Secs (63p) 72 up 1 


JS Pathology (180p) 260 dn 1 
KlearfokJ (1l8p) 120 

Lexicon (115p) 

Macro 4 (105p) 

Merivale Moore (115p) 
Microsystems (127p) 

Norank Sys (90p) 

Really Useful (330p) 31 
SAC Inti (IQOp) 


today ’5 ,^ xlls ' „- Profits of Cranswick M (95p)109up1 
around £900 million are ex- Davidson P (160p) 166 up 1 


peeled but more attention will 
be paid to the statement on 
trading. 

'On the takeover front Gra- 


Dialene (128p) 
Ferguson (J) (10pl 
Granyte Surface (5 
Inoco (55p) 


153 up 8 
23 

p) 71 up 1 
51 


Really Useful (330p) 366 dn 2 
SAC Inti (100P) 129 

SPP (125p) 157 

Sigmex (101p) 86 

Snowdon & B (97p) 110 up 2 
Spice (80p) 87 up 1 


!88p on hopes of a successful 
rights issue result An 8 per 
cent earnings expansion lifted 
Miss World 5p to I83p but 
Rex Williams slipped another 
2'frp to 23p on Tuesday’s 
setback. 

Main Price Changes 

RISES 

A McAlpme 372+12 

Bugler Hsasfstey 386+8 

vicksra 403+5 

Glynwod 306+7 

Logics 166+12 

Renh.Org 522+5 

Lucas 608+12 

Jaguar 468+17 

Grand Met 416+10 

Horizon Travel 116+5 

FALLS 

Victor Products 124-4 

Amstrad 372-8 

Burmoh 3260 

eUuetwdTovs 203-10 


Underwoods (180p) 187 

Wellcome (1 20p) 1 72 ’r dn >: 

W York Hosp (90p) 80 up 2 
Wickes (140p) 147 

RIGHTS ISSUES 

Cray Qec F/P 300 dn 5 
Hartwells N/P 3* 

Midsummer N/P 73 

Peel Hldgs F/P 480 dn 5 
Porter Chad F/P 4 up 1 
Safeway UK £42 7 >e dn Me 
Stormguard F/P 17 


(Issue price in brackets). 























fc. ilJs 














The fact that we’re not all at sea 
makes our business all the more buoyant, 


As an industrial services group with a special 
emphasis on international distribution, we hate long 
been providing industry with the means to do business 
worldwide. 

A hundred years ago, that meant shipping. 

Today our reputation is based just as much on 
our skills in freight forwarding offshore oil support and 
waste management as on our marine operations. 

As we are a service organisation, it was natural 
for us to move into areas such as these: it allowed us to 
offer our clients a far more extensive range of services. 

In catering to our diems' needs, though, we 
have been careful also to cater to our own strengths, 
and to move into businesses for which our experience 
makes us well qualified 

So much for the theory: 

As for the practice- the results speak for 
themselves. 


MSAS, our freight forwarding subsidiary, is 
among the top ten freight forwarders in the world 

O.IJL, our offshore oil support subsidiary is 
one of the few profitable British companies in its field 
Cory Towage is one of the world's lajgest port, 
coastal and deep-sea towage companies. 

And after investing £11 million in our London 
operation, Cory Waste Management now handies over 
half a million tonnes of the capital’s domestic refuse. 

All in all, we think we’ve remained true to 
the pioneering and innovative spirit of our founder, 
Alfred HoIl 

Of course, he'd probably be a little bemused 
at the diversity' of 
today’s Ocean. 

But we ve no 

doubt he'd appitne _ r _ n • 

of our buoyancy: Wc CclXI hftllulC it* 


ocemi 


OCEAN TRANSPORT 8 . TRADING pic, 4 ? RU5SEU SQUARE. LONDON WC154JP 















STOCK EXCHANGE PRICES 


„ mom yov i pu4ivouo cans cm toot 
eight (hire price' ta wea dm Add utem 
op IO five you. pone mifl to(*L Check 
oa% np iim Ac deity dividend fifnc 
pub&hed or ibis pete. If d mtfdwi you 
Mve men outright or ■ (hen of the total 
daily prize money «tn cd- If woe am a 
winner follow ihe drim procahmc On the 
bade of your card. Yon mm always have 
wur card available wheat rtaiaiiin 


Shares turn mixed 


ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began February 24. Dealings End March 10 § Contango Day March 10. Settlement Day, March 1 7. 

§ Forward Bargains are permitted on two previous days 


© n— Mmipy in tlnaiif 

DAILYDIVIDEND 

£ 2,000 

Claimsrequired for . 
.+35 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 



Du tuber 


AB Sect 


t « 56 Wagon 
S5*i ass wflb Ftoflo 
no 220 waaMt 


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INDUSTRIALS A-D 



FINANCE AND LAND 


99°. .. 

160 

97 r a .. 

61 

9BV .. 

108 

as’i .. 

120 

i nr. .. 

68 

9SV **| 
101V 

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111 

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103 

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23 

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113 

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61 

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108 

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10.0 

34 

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68 

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112 

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166 

97V .. 

102 

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103 

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62 

100V*.. 

109 

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68 

101 

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33 

107V -V 

161 

105V .. 

113 

aov .. 

67 

1 82*. . . 

88 

97V .. 

103 

MRS 


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113 

87V +V 

S3 

102V *H 

107 

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113 

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161 

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104 

108V ♦> 

113 

itavs+v 

113 

98V +V 

102 

110V +v 

113 

S3V*+V 

72 

115V *S 

113 

U1V*+V 

113 

1W». +•» 

11.7 

111V +V 

112 

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87 

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71V +V 

42 

99V +V 

103 

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112 

120*. +V 

112 

92*. er+v 

97 

125V +V 

113 

117V +V 

113 

118V +V 

112 

i m +v 

104 

5HM*+*a 

67 

128V +V 

11.7 

78V +V 

83 

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10.1 

133'. *+V 

11.8 

111V +V 

103 

96V +V 

93-, 

11XV6+V 

103 

10ZV *v 

102 

100V +v 

102 

119V +V 

103 

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100S*+V 

102 

98*1 +V 

92 

123V +V 

113 

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mo 

112V +V 

10.7 

98*3 •+*• 

93 

101 +*i 

03 

124V ♦*» 

112 

111 •+■> 

104 

100V +1 

102 

53V +V 

83 

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93 

96V +V 

93 

105 *+V 

160 

119'» +S 

10.5 

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04 

118V +V 

M3 

127V *+V 

103 

S3V9+V 

87 

83V +V 

63 

120V +V 

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40V +v 

93 

39V +■» 

93 

.47'.*+V 

74 

31 

97 

26*. .. 

97 

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97 

118V .. 

21 

102V ., 

£2 

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23 

99V*.. 

61 

98 V .. 

61 

191V .. 

27 

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101*1 .. 

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MOTORS AND AIRCRAFT 


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fjppjji ij 0 



THE TIMES THURSDAY EEBRuaRV 11 1986 


FINANCE AND INDUSTRY" 




Number of big 
DIY groups 
‘likely to halve’ 


By Derek Harris, 
The number of big retailing, 
groups in the do-it-yourself 
sector is likely to haivetn the 
next three to five years as 
market growth eases and a 

f >rice war threatens. This 
orecast comes in a new report 
as Mariey. the building prod- 
ucts group, prepares to com- 
plete the sale of its DIY 
subsidiary Payless within a 
month. 

The company is thought to 
have put a price tag of more 
than £1 00 million on the chain 
which, with 65 outlets, is 
Britain's third largest DIY 
retailer. But trade speculation 
is that it has been receiving 
offers of substantially less than 

thaL 

A number of the big DIY 
retailers are believed to have 
shown interest, including 
Home Charm and Magnet and 
Southerns, the timber and 
joinery chain. 

The new report on DIY 
retailing by NOW Research, 
part of the Gordon Simmons 
Research Group, forecasts 
that the number of big reiaiJ- 


lndustrial Editor 

ers will drop from 14 to 
between six and eight over the 
next three to five years be- 
cause of mergers, takeovers 
and acquisitions. 

It also foresees the closure 
of many medium-sized multi- 
ples with less than 50 branches 
and the smaller independent 
specialists as the big groups 
continue their expansion into 
new generation superstores. 

A price war at the edge-of- 
town superstores is also fore- 
cast as the big groups embark 
on aggressive marketing and 
sales policies. 

The DIY market is expected 
to grow at a lower rate than in 
the past two or three years, 
settling at an annual increase 
of 7 per cent in 1987. 

As pricing becomes more 
competitive DIY chains are 
likely to turn more to foreign 
suppliers, the survey suggests. 
A growth in own-label brands 
is also expected. 

Dry NOW; Report I The 
Trade. NOW Research. 80 St 
Martin s Lane. London 
WC2N 4AA; £500. 


APPOINTMENTS 


Hill Samuel Group; Mr 
Kenneth Morton, finance di- 
rector of Reed International, 
is to join the board in a full- 
time executive capacity. 

Richards, Longs taff (Insur- 
ance!; Mr A C Glad well has 
been appointed a director of 
the UK division. 

Bellway Urban Renewals; 
Mr John Fltz-Gerald has been 
made .development director 
and Mr David F L Bishop 
commercial director. 

Kennedy International: 
Miss Nora C anning ham has 
been named marketing com- 
munications executive and 
administrator for European 
sales. 

Walter Alexander Mr Wes- 
ley Keys has joined the board. 

Furness-Houlder 
(Shipbroking): Mr Stefan 
Um inski has been appointed 
managing director. 

Rexel Engineering: Mr Jim 
Cameron has been made man- 
aging director. 

The Goldsmiths Group: Mr 
Guy MacPherson has joined 
the board. 

Hodgson Martin Ventures: 
Sir William Gray has joined 
iheboard- 

Barker & Dobson Group: 
Mr Rod Bishop has been 
appointed to the board- In 
April he will become manag- 


ing director of the confection-! 
ery division with rcsponsibiltyr 
for Barker & Dobson, James! 
Keiller & Son and Angusf 
Confections. 

Chamberlain Phipps: Mr 
David Chamberlain is to suc- 
ceed Mr Brian Chamberlain as 
executive deputy chairman. 
Mr Brian Chamberlain, who is 
to retire from executive du- 
ties. will remain deputy chair- 
man. Mr Tony Palfreyman 
and Mr David Halewood are 
to be group managing direc- 
tors. 


BASE 

LENDING 

RATES 

ABN...- .. 

12»% 

Adam & Company 

BCC1 

12*% 

12w% 

Citibank Savirast 

Consolidated Crds 

Continental Trust - 

I2*i% 

12*% 

12h% 

Co-operative Bank 

C. Hoare & Co.. 

I 2 v*% 

\2h% 

Lloyds Bank 

Nat Westminster 

Royal Bank of Scotland . 

TSB 

12*% 

12w% 

..12W% 

.I2h% 

Citibank NA 

f Mortgage Base Rate- 

-.12!*% 


•COMMERCIAL PROPERTY 


Edited by Judith Huntley 



looks to the 


The promoter of the contro- 
versial alternative financial 
services centre at London's 
Canary Wharf has turned his 
developer's eye to the Square 
Mile. 

Having established himself 
as a developer in the United 
States. Mr G. Ware 
Travel stead, who owns half 
First Boston Real Estate ol 
which he is the principal, has 
yet to prove himself in Britain. 
The attractions of the current- 
ly bullish City office market 
have not escaped him and be 
is seeking development oppor- 
tunities within the City. 

While the arguments rage 
over whether Canary Wharf 
will become a reality, Mr 
Ware Travdstead prepares to 
enter a highly competitive 
market to develop offices for 
the burgeoning financial con- 
glomerates lining up ahead of 
big bang. 

He is aware of the impact 
deregulation can have on the 
office market after it hap- 
pened in New York. He 
estimates that another 30 
million sq ft of office space 
will be needed in the City to 
house the additional employ- 
ees of the financial services 
sector. 

However, it must be said, he 
allows more space per person 
than is the norm in London: 
the US market is more volatile 
than the City's. 

Admittedly, the City office 
market has undergone a dra- 
matic change both in the space 
being built and its location - 
but it is still a far cry from 
needing an extra 30 million sq 
ft The City Corporation, in its 
revised draft development 
plan, says the Square Mile can 
cope with another 15 million 
sq ft. 

Meanwhile members of the 



Rockfort aims for 
share flotation 



Bryant-Lescren has let 23,000 sq ft of its office development, 
Bristol Bridge House, overlooking Bristol Harbour (above)to 
National Giro Bank. The scheme was jointly developed with 
Scottish Equitable Life Assurance Society and is next to ICL's 
headquarters. Woo Hoc, Jeffries, the computer company is 
paying just over £7 a sq ft for 7,000 sq ft on the ground floor, 
leaving the top floor on the market at the same price. Bristol 
has suffered from an oversupply of office space and this letting 
is a boost for the market. Bryant-Lescren was represented by 
Richard Ellis and Stanley Alder & [Vice with Edward Erdman 
acting for the National Giro Bank. 


consortium involved in Ca- 
nary Wharf are hedging their 
bets on space requirements. 
Credit Suisse First Boston is 
believed to be taking United 
Kingdom Provident 
Institution's building in Ox- 
ford Street as well as space at 
St Thomas Moore Street be- 
fore making any move to- 
wards Canary Wharf. Morgan 
Stanley has yet to make a 
move or sign up for the 
Docklands scheme. 


Mr Ware Travelstead ar- 
, gues that Canary Wharf will 
attract tenants because they 
cannot find their kind of space 
at a price they can afford in the 
City. He says consortium 
members have put a price tag 
of £26 a sq ft on the offices 
they want to occupy. That 
figure includes rent! rates, 
service charges and utilities. 

He says he has already 
turned down one million sq it 
of potential lettings because 


the offices would have been 
used as secondary operations 
and not as mainstream dealing 
and financial services offices. 

But Mr Ware Travelstead 
admits he would not have 
considered developing such a 
massive scheme outside the 
traditional banking area if it 
had not been within an enter- 
prise zone and had the addi- 
tional attraction of 100 per 
cent capital allowances for the 
two proposed hotels as well as 
the offices. It is his intention 
to sell some of the allowances 
on the leasing market, which is 
avidly seeking alternative tax 
shelters in some of Britain's 
enterprise zones, while keep- 
ing a handy share for First 
Boston Real Estate. 

The developer has been told 
by Mr Stuart Lipton, with 
Rosehaugh. the joint develop- 
er of the highly successful 3.5 
million sq ft Broadgate devel- 
opment od the eastern edge of 
the City at Liverpool Street, 
that office development in the 
Docklands is needed but the 
present Canary Wharf plans 
are an over development of 
the 7 1 -acre site. He said he 
would rather see a low-rise 
scheme instead of the sky- 
scrapers planned by the US 
consortium. 

The question remains as to 
whether the financial con- 
glomerates will risk putting 
very expensive technology 
into Canary Wharf offices 
even if overall occupation 
costs are lower th 2 n in the 
Square Mile — there are some 
hidden costs - the lack of 
infrastructure and facilities at 
Canary Wharf, which the con- 
sortium and its tenants will 
have to pay for and which will 
effectively push the cost per sq 
fi closer to the £30 mark. 


Oakeshott warns of yield revolution 


Mr Matthew Oakeshott the 
former investment manager of 
the Courtatdds Pension Fund, 
has some dire warnings for the 
property industry over the 
next decade. 

Mr Oakeshott who recently 
set up on his own, is known 
for his view that secondary 
properties outperform prime 
ones as investments. He pre- 
dicts that smaller retail centres 
will be valued on a lower yield 
basis than the centres of the 
large conurbations. 

He says that yields for retail 


warehouses with good cove- 
nants will move into line with 
prime yields for high technol- 
ogy schemes. 

And he sees little future for 
the office block outside a few 
choice London locations. He 
says they will sell on double 
figure yields and will have to 
be let on short leases to find 
tenants. 

Mr Oakeshott, who was 
addressing the recent College 
of Estate Management confer- 
ence in London, says that fund 
managers will become increas- 


ingly concerned about the 
relative and shorter-term per- 
formance of the property ele- 
ment of their investment 
portfolios. 

The old weight of money 
arguments will no longer push 
down yields as the institutions 
face up to making compari- 
sons between real values in the 
property, gilt, equity, index- 
linked and overseas markets 
and switch between them. 

He says that most investing 
institutions use different and 
conflicting criteria for evaluat- 


ing property compared with 
other investments and that 
held within their- own portfo- 
lios. 

institutional portfolios, ac- 
cording to Mr Oakeshott, are 
mainly secondary. But pen- 
sion funds and insurance com- 
panies persist in chasing the 
few prime investments 
around. These have a relative- 
ly minor impact on overall 
performance even in the un- 
likely event of their producing 
above average long-term real 
returns, he says. 


O Rockfort, the private 
property company established 
by Mr Roger Smee, the 
former Reading footballer, is 
aiming for a flotation. 

Its first step to a new im- 
age and a secure financial 
footing is a private placing 
of 25 per cent of the company 
with Kleinwort Benson, the 
merchant bank. 

Kleinwort is paying 
£1.25 million For its stake 
which values Rockfort at 
£5 million. Mr Smee retains 
control. 

He says that Rockfort 
like other small trading com- 
panies had its share of 
problems in 1983-4. Borrow- 
ings were high and income 
stream low. 

The company's financial 
position was precarious and it 
was haring to run hard to 
keep still. The deal with 
Kleinwort will give 
Rockfort stability and the 
credibility to become in- 
volved in bigger develop- 
ments. 

The company has a de- 
velopment under way in the 
City of London at St An- 
drews Hill, It recently re- 
ceived consent for 71,000 
sq ft of offices and is negotiat- 
ing with the freeholder, the 
Society of Licensed Victual- 
lers. for a long lease. 

Rockfort will now be in a posi- 
tion to buy the site because 
of its link with the merchant 
bank. 

Kleinwort Benson is also 
pntting op (be development 
cash for Rockfort's retail 
scheme in the centre of Lin- 
coln. on the Associated 
Newspapers* site. 

Rockfort has already 
tied up funding for its retail 
project at Maidenhead, 
Berkshire, with PosTel In- 
vestment Management 

A derision has yet to be 
made as to whether Kleinwort 
will take a seat on the 
Rockfort board where Mr 
Smee is chairman. Bat the 
bank will reduce its bolding if 
and the company comes to 
the market 

Rockfort hopes to trade 
at a premium following in the 
footsteps of Speyhawb, 

London & Edinburgh Trust 
and other sector favourite 
trading companies. 

It has some way to go 
before that is likely but its 
profits grew to £1.4 million 
between 1977 and 1983, the 
year that proved so diffi- 
cult 

In 1984 the lag in selling 
its schemes meant that there 


aign 
3pri 
d lo 
J1 in 

mat. 

ased 

n«m 

nied 

■vee. 

Sam 

ihc 

.ciaJ 

AN- 


was virtually no cash flow 
coining in. But Mr Smee is 
forecasting profits of £1.5 
million this year with a 
smoother cash flow. 

The company has divest- 
ed peripheral activities other 
than its housing subsidiary 
to concentrate on property de- 
velopment and trading. Its 
development programme to- 
tals £120 million and it 
hopes to come to the market 
in 1988. 


• The Corporation of the 
City of London has chosen 
Norw ich Union to develop 
its freehold site at New Broad 
Street The City's surveyor 
invited several developers to 
bid for tb' 1 site which takes 
in four properties where 
leases fall in or become 
available this year. 

Norwich Union is pay- 
ing £5.5 million for the site 
where 1 10,000 sq ft of of- 
fices and 8,000 sq ft of retail 
space will be built at a cost 
of about £39 million. 


CO- 
33 rt- 
jsely 


1IZ3- 

■ the 
rum 
lera- 


the 
d io 

3Ulh 

and 
i to 
nges 
plan 

iLiih 

Mlar 
n to 


• Land Securities, 

through its Ravenside Invest- 

meats subsidiary, has 
bought four freehold retail 
warehouses totalling 
188,000 sq ft of space. 

Land Securities an- 
nounced last year that it in- 
tended spending at least 
£50 million in this sector of 
the market 
The latest purchases 
through Clive Lewis & Part- 
ners are scattered round 
the country from Andover in 
Hampshire to Nottingham 


tori- 
ision 
hen 
aded 
R to 
D. "I 
outb 
and 
eeth 
ad," 
her 
vow 


A £20 million food cen- 


o*o 
vliss 
ng a 
rice. 


tre is to be developed at Mil- iune 
ton Keynes, 

Buckinghamshire. J 
Sainsbnry will take 65,000 
sq ft of space and Waitrose, 
the supermarket arm of the 
John Lewis Partnership, 

25,000 sq ft There will be 
space for a bank or building 
society, a freezer centre 
and 11 specialist retailers. 


g to 
log- 
out 
npic 
&, as 
an 
TO to 
. she 
am- 


ber- 
orti- 
As 
i all 
■ use 
pen 
fish 


• Spey hawk Project Man- 
agement is to be British Pe- 
troleum Pension Trust's 
partner in the redevelopment 
of Standard Chartered's 
King William Street building 
in the City of London. BP 
bought the offices for £47 mij-;^ 
lion in January and in- .wds 

tends building 130,000 sq ft okays 
space on the site. ices. 

Speyhawk is also to project « to 
manage the redevelopment * ers 
of the Lep Group's Sunlight 
Wharf site in the Square 
Mile. 


(hat 

will 

ipa- 


hn 



SAAmove 

to Heathrow 

Terminal 1. 

For air travellers connecting with other airports 
throughout the UK, Ireland and Europe, SAA offer one-terminal 
simplicity at Heathrow Terminal 1. Whether you’re flying 
to South Africa. Or flying back 

More non-stop flights. Plus far and away the best wine on 
the route, says Business Traveller Magazine (World Airline 
Wine Survey). 

More than ever, SAA is the No. 1 way to South Africa. 



SOUTH AFRICAN AIRWAYS 
M we make thedSfference 


ADVERTISEMENT. 




Plessey has achieved a major 
breakthrough with its first cu a tract 
lo supply digital telephone 
exchanges lo the Bell system. 

Stromberg-Carlson Coirora- 
lion, the Plessev subsidiary in the 
USA, will build [he exchanges 
for a field trial by BellSouth 
Services, the purchasing arm of 
one ofthe largest of iheseven US 
regional Bell holding, companies. 

The comma is fora SYSTEM 
CENTURY Digital Central 
Office (DCOj host switch and 
two unattended remote ex- 
changes. totalling over 8.000 
lines. They will be installed at a 
location to be determined in 
a BellSouth service area in the 
autumn of Lhis year. 

The field trial may quality as 
(he second phase of the analysis 
which all equipment introduced 
into the network must undergo. 

The DCO successfully 
completed the first stage last 
September. It was only the 
second switching system to do so 
and the first from a European- 
owned company. 

Stromberg-Carlson has 
already supplied more than 500 
DCOs to oiher US telephone 
companies and to several foreign 
countries. 



Plessey surveillance radars have" 
been chosen by the Royal Danish 
Navy for its STAN-FLEX 300 dass 
of vessels. 

The order, worth several 
million pounds, was won against 
international competition from 
all the major naval suppliers. 


STRATEGIC ROLE 


Siromberp-CarfcM DCO digiial letephooe exchange. 


LEAD CONFIRMED 


Sir John Clark. Chairman ofThe 
Plessey Company pic. said: “The 
Bell companies have repeatedly 


indicated their need for a third 
switching supplier. 

“With thisdgreemem. Plessey 
becomes a leading candidate lo 
fill that role. 

“This latest contract confirms 
ourposilionasoneofthe leading 
offshore telecommunications 
companies in the North 
American market. With an 
already extensive installed 
customer base, we arc now ship- 
ping moredigiial local exchanges 
each month from Stromberg- 
Carlson than all other offshore 


manufacturers combined." 

Sir John said penetration of 
the critical Bell market added to 
3n already significant presence 
by Plessey in the US telephone 
industry. 

Plessey sales there have 
included 565 and 140 Mbit/s 
optical fibre transmission 
systems, cellular mobile tele- 
communications equipment, 
payphones and switching 
systems for independent 
telephone companies, common 
earners and other end users. 




N.e>\ Jim,- cost 
"vvidedjchiplil 


A new video delay line integrated 
circuit aimed at reducing the cost 
of signal processing in video 
systems has been introduced by 
Plessey Semiconductors, rated by 
Data quest as world leaders in. 
microchip sales growth In Europe 
in 1985. 

Designated (he MSlGlAthe 
new device is a low-cost. 910-ftil 
analogue shift register based on 
charge coupled device (.CCD) 
technology and available la a 
16-pin dual-in-line cerdip 
package. 

Plessey devices of this kind are 
used in video cam was and record- 
ers as well as in oth er fields such as 
satellite column uicalions. 


Total solutions in fibre optics 


By addi ng fibre optic connectors to 
its prodnet range, Plessey Opto- 
electronics Limited at Towcesier 
has consolidated its position in this 
growing world market. Its expand- 
ed capability now ranges from 
active components to complete 
links and cable assemblies. 


MORE EFFECTIVE 


Mr Alan Price, Managing 


Director of Plessey Opto- 
electronics, said: “The decision 
to move the fibre optic connec- 
tors facility from Northampton 
to Tou cester is a natural progres- 
sion for Plessey Optoelectronics. 
It will enable the company to 
address the blooming market 
for fibre optic components 3nd 
interconnection systems more 
effective!)." 



plessey 

Technology is our business. 


ian- 

The Danish requirement was for mo 
a radar matched in performanceJ in 
and pnee with the unique and urd 
revolutionary STaN-FLEX 3Q0*? s 
concept for vessels designed to^ 
meet the strategic threat in ihe-ter. 
Baltic well into the next centuiy. x»d 
In devising a radar design to 
meet these requirements.^ 
Plessey had months of intensive U[e 
discussions with the Royal 
Danish Navy, which has had long ylc 
experience of Plessey AW S series ,0 
radars. '3 



Plewj shipbomf 
sun eiUaBre radar. 


dc 


'.l .i'ri'i > \ !i ii 


■ i " r - -m~w 


The new design was derived he 
from this operational fcuck-ed 
ground and particularly from 
experience with the AWS-feiav 
which is in service with a num bernal 
or Danish fishery protection 
vessels. *■ * 

Plessey has developed strong . j 
links over the years with Danish, K 
industry - another key factor in*- l 
producing a w inning solution. m 







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SPORT 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 


FOOTBALL 




r-" .. 

' : .•>, •• •:r*-j- ';■«•' 



r’V' ’ '""•yT r 



success 


in 


Referees 

resign 

overfaii 

violence 


iS cn 

m 


lot 


New York (AP) — Although the European dramp*oa»tixp m 
rf gnmi « w m to be short of 1980 . bemu d _ W est Ce iun w y, 
fn» abifity, their goal- box in the 1982 World Cop in 
Jean-Mane P&fl, is Spam fteif high hOMS- were 
tic about the team’s frustrated when iney fined to 
is the World Cup finals seme against Poland and- tbe 
tax Indeed; Pw is so . Soviet Union in. the second 


Three Greek refere es have 
turned, saying that imeas- 


in Mexico. Indeed,; 


confident that he believes that round. After the World Cup, 


RrfgiiMw nm go gfl tbe way, if Bdghmi mfflunl a major btw 
everyone slays fit “If we arc in. when fiwf tend in g players yyc 


good physical shape after the suspended fi 
first round, we can be spectacn- ihe national 
Jar and we can win the whole . PfiJTsaid 
competition," he said. recovered fit 


can win the whole . Pfiff said That Brig wui have. 
1 ,” he said. recovered from that misfortune. 

had a difficult time "We have a team winch rirprawk 

for foe and more on its Terhmnri abifity 
1 into a playoff* with than oin physical strength. * 

§ -i- u^i ». -ii 1 nr. iii ■ i in 


their arch rivals, tbe Nether^ widely beueved. -We are cfcarm- 
lands, before finally ', eiis ins, but ve uettoogin the fine 
through with a “miraculous ofadvmity and very brave,’* 
goal. • Pfoffsjud, cat gthe defeat of the 

The Belgians finished second Netherlands asfcvideace of foe 

in their qualifying group behind will to win. •• 




Poland. despite ; scoring, only . How 
seven goals in six matches. Bcja fam 
Against the Dutch, Dehnn n won lack of 
1-0 at home; but in foe return in their 
match in Rotterdam, the Dutch profpec 
built a 2-0 lead and seemed dism al, 
assured of qualifying- Then, five strong 
minutes before tbe final whistle, Germax 
Gnrnn scored the goal that bni we 
knocked oat the -Netheriands,- anrt o ri e 
Belgium going through 3-2 on powerft 
the away goals rule. be bean 

Pfaff v-iso plays for the West Pfeff 


However, be warned that 
■i gjntn most ove r come .the 
± of adventure they stowed 


prospects in Mopco wifi be 
dfomaL “We might be. less 
strong in Eur ope than West 
Germany, Italy and England — 
bat we must have a positive 
aOftnde. If we show fear of the 
po werful teams, we will sorely 
be beaten. 


i rw hr harsh critidsm by dub 
pnaadcnra, coaches and pfayns 
had m*de them open taigefofof 
viofcuce from *pectatenr(AP- 
reports from Athens). ; ■. ■ ■ . 

. YanfBS- httoponios; --*■ first 
division referee, sakLTt wasn't- 
worfoit anymore, ft is impost 
sbfe w nm a game wutouuho 

^Tfoe^^Sesz. mSS.yw 
nd being fired, pubfidyerm- 
craed, hurt or attested.*’ v 

Two third division rctfam 
went so bosphte ibis month’; 
te terbe in gftit with rtcia thrown 
byspeewofs while another wa* 
kaodod uaconsdoos by thcr 

captten of a losing team. 

The resigratiom cue as Ihe 
g o i^naaent pcepaie dalawthKi ' 
would jn! nos for cunkg, or 
fighting m the stands and ton" 
- wa* ntm *ar yr poem .state- ' 
HJeatrbyofficals. ;- 

•*l nE^to | dy »tam «^^ 


either." said Richard Barker, the 
British co a ch of find 
Ethmkns. 

.. "The temperament is dif- 
fa est here. Every on e blames * 


German champions; - Bayern defence in Mexico, supported by 


P&ff will be foe last fine of the ieferee. Players fouls " 


Munich, and has won 30 caps 
for his county, predicted that dazd Liege, and 
Belgium would advance to the CftenL The defa 


Seven up: Robson, tbe height of industry for England in Tel Aviv yesterday, climbs above Israel’s Cohen 


Robson rescues England’s pride 


second round in Mexico by 

finighing nmn mjiji m tfaejr 

group, which includes Mexico, 


plagera should be Van Per Ebt, 
of m Rmtfw Midi Ctrunn of 

Andededn. One. of foe force 


Paraguay and Iraq. Although attacking midfield playera wffl 
many experts believe that Bd- beSdfo,aged 19,ofAnde r lc cfat . 


jum should win the 
*foff gives foe edge toft 


“Mexico are tto most dangerous ship so that be could play for 


From Stuart Joues 
Football Correspondent 
Tel Aviv 



- i 

England 

— 2 


England were led to victory 
yesterday in their first ever 
senior international a gainst 
Israel by the remarkable Bry- 
an Robson. He scored both 
goals, was consistently the 
most dangerous predator and 
inspired his team to recover 
from an early but embarrass- 
ing deficit 


played in the heat of a hot 
English summer’s day, was 

slower than a domestic fix* 
ture. It was, therefore, a more 
productive practice for the 
World Cup finals in Mexico, a 
mere three months away. If 
Robson’s form continues to 
improve so dramatically, he is 
sure to make an equally 
dynamic impact there. 

The temperature, high 
enough to redden a pallid 
English face within minutes, 
represented an even bigger 
change to the weather at home 


Robson's subsequent attempt, 
which was deflected narrowly 
past a post. 


sharp point to England’s at- 
tack. Dixon, more mentally 


spot and Robson struck it on 
the voUey with his right foot as 


team in the group. They play at 
home and they are well pre- 
pared. We win finish second 


l They play at them instead of Italy, 
are well pie- Vandereyckcn and Vetomteren, 
finish second . who are oofoofAhdeitedd and 


But in the seventh minute 
England, pushing forward ag- 
gressively even at that early 
stage, were punished for their 
enthusiasm. As Ivanir lofted a 
ball over the heads of Butcher 
and Martin, a defensive part- 
nership that had conceded 
only one goal in their previous 
seven outings, they turned to 
see the flashing soles of the 
fleet-footed Ghana's boots. 


Uneasy than physically un- flganl y git a gninc t Fact fi mna. 

sound, failed to rise to the ny at Wembley IS months 


behind tbe Mexicans and ahead played in foe 1982 World Cun, 


- „ . than it will in May. Not a 

That the E n g land captain -cloud crossed the sky all day. 
has played competitively for. _ ..... . 

only 237 minutes in the last . Fourmenfod.thcwqfo.some 
four months makes his exhibi- **5^ 2? * lour ^ e ^ HB 
tion afl the more astonishing. offi They were parachutists, 
n one of the theatrical acts 

Bobby Robson, foe England taking part in the official 
anager, had seen him "go inauguration of the stadium. 
x a bomb" in his recent The leader of the quartet, 
tpearances for Manchester carrying the match ball as 


They had no realistic hope 
of catching him and England’s 
goalkeeper had no realistic 
hope of thwarting him. Ohana 
sprinted on for another 20 
yards and, in spite of the flight 
intervention of Shilton’s left 
hand, put laud ahead. The 
blow appeared to oewilder the 
borne crowd as much as the 
visiting team. 

But for a crucial intercep- 
tion by Stevens as Sinai bum 
through in similar fashion 
moments later, the damage 
would have been even more 
stunning. Yet England were 
settled by their experienced 
midfield trio of Robson, 
Hoddlc and Wilkins. Calmly, 
intelligently and imaginative- 
ly, they began to reassert then- 
own and their side's authority. 

As predicted, there was no 


manager, had seen him "go inauguration of the 
like a bomb" in his recent The leader of the 
appearances for Manchester carrying the match 


United and then saw the ankle luggage, landed on the centre 
that he damage d last month spot. After a journey of some 


"blow up” during Sunday’s 
flight to Tel Aviv. 


Yesterday he witnessed a 
display that could scarcely 
have fitted more neatly into 
the explosive pattern. Bryan 
Robson, making his fiftieth 
appearance for England, is 
now the leading scorer in foe 
squad. 

The pace of the game, 


10,000 feet, his precision was 
praiseworthy. 

Tbe theme of entertainment 
and Israeli accuracy was to 
continue into the main event 
Davidi, inadvertantly and 
generously, started it all by 


opening the way for Dixon, 
whose header startled Ran less 


than his colle 
nary floated 


tied Ran less 
i’s extraordi- 
rk-pass and 


occasion. As well as looking 
cumbersome on tbe ground, 
he was beaten comfortably in 
the air by Shimonov. 

Zt was left to the ever willing 
Beardsley and tbe ever danger- 
ous Robson to give England 
some reward for their ample 
possession. Apart from one 
rare attempt by Dixon, who 
faded almost from the start 
and was belatedly replaced by 
Woodcock, they were respon- 
sible for all six genuine threats 
before tbe interval and for 
most of those after it 


The Israeli defence re- 
mained impenetrated for 51 
minutes (seven minutes less, 
that is, than in their 1-0 defeat 
by Scotland here last month). 
They were guided by Avi 
Cohen, once of Liverpool, as 


ago. 

Israel, lively on the break, 
might have regained tbe lead 
on three occasions and espe- 
cially when Kevin Malmilian 
was released by a Stevens 
error. They were equally in 
danger of foiling behind and 
unexpectedly so when Wil- 
kins, not the most notable of 
marksmen, released several 
drives from long range. 

With only four minutes to 
go, England at last claimed 
their expected but hard earned 
triumph. Woodcock’s cross 
from the left was met deliber- 
ately and firmly by Robson. 
Engfand'srcaptain, initially de- 
nied by his opposite number’s 
illegal save beneath .the bar, 
accepted the right to .score 
from the penalty spot. 


of Paraguay.” he said. are oil 

As with many Eu rope an midfiefa 
teams. Belgium are stron g er in stive C 
defence than attack. In tbesr five who wa 
matches in 1985 they scored six player i 
goals and conceded only two. Gay ' 
The team’s lack of power was pressed 
evident once again In their first forward 
World Cup preparation match matrfiw 
last week against Spain, who might n 
defeated them 3-0 in Elche. P&ff players, 
did not play In that match. have bi 

Belgium finished second in recent n 


eumap« 0 dbjr: nd iafcinganaro loofc &r 
i,Rciiqmn,ofSran- w«se than they «zt and I think' 
and De Woi£ of foot tends io roche the crowd,” 
defensive midfield bcaddedL . 

BARCELONA: The Genual 
5* ' midfieidpiayv, BeradScbuster - 

SpaznfocWKBarodSmr 

1 19, oi ADoenecnt. . v'e^bles, .foe British ' 

is of Itafian par - Baroekma. explained ‘ 

neoomtt»gr 

andVercanteren, ^ 

r ,r a ,i UlCPiijPgllW iBC gMIMBEimag- 

“ captain at foe beginnin g of last. 
nSS* season^ has been oat of foe team - 
formosefoannifomfowiihaleg: 


Scifb. who is of Itafiaa par- 
entage, f h oi m citizen. 


are other Ekdy startera m 
midfield, together with the cre- 
ative Gademans,of FCBnnes, 
who was chosen Belgium's best 
player in 1985. 

Gay Thys, the manager, ex- 
pressed unhappiness with Iris 
forwards in the qualifying 

mBlchft and rntfaiterf that & 


might rely on the two Waregenx 
playere. Veyt and DesmeL who 


eytand Desmet, who 
i pfatyed ropezhfy in 


German plans left 
out In foe cold 


Vcnrikt S**bi pl i TfT .• 

coaid not coafome to ptay fix-. : 
Baroekma after foe end of fl», 
se a son because the ; German - 
imen za tk ma l, who joined foe., 
chd) in 1980, had repeatedly 
said he wanted to leave. - 
It has also been reported that* 
Mark Hughes, foe Manchester- 
United aCsd Webh inttnntinut ’ 
forward, wffl sign for Barcelona 
at the end of foe season. 


Cohen, once of Liverpool, as iSRAELsARareEAharonLEDwM 
captain and sweeper, who — fe*”’ - 

strolled around nonchalantly, SS^‘tm(^eCoSiK i 


Frankfurt (AP) - Weflfore- 
zdafed cancellations have played 
havoc with West Gennany’s not 
division football schedule md 
threaten to disrupt prepnatmos 
for this mmwiert E Wodd Oq) 
finals in MexkxxA long, cold, 
snowy^xffl has foiwditMKMsto 


need foe best jxqaoiioDs for 
flie Wodd Cup. We already 
scrapped two twining periods 
beemse efflie crowded schedule 
but we cannot cancel foe final 
out* _ 

I#admy dfo n are yi t were 

reported to be divided on foe 


at times almost too noncha- 
lantly, in tbe elegant manner 
of Beckenbauer. 


It required a special act to ggJtJJgfgLglp 
toitrb hiscoraposuraaod to 

imhrnge those around him. United! a Hoddte (Tottenham). K 
Hoddlc and Robson com- Mxon (Chelsea) (sutx A Woodcock. 


bined to produce it with a goal 
of delightful quality. Hoddle's 
cross dropped near the penalty 


Ohana (sub; R RozanthaiL : 
ENGLAND: P SMRnn (Southamp- 
ton) (sutx C Woods, Norwich City); 
G Stevens (Everton), K Sanson 
(Arsenal),- R WIMns (AC Mian), T 
Butcher (Ipswich Town), A Martin 
(WSst Ham). B Hobson ( M an c h es ter 
United! Q Hodcfle (Tottenham), K 
Dfemn (Chetsaa) (sub: A Woodcock, 
Arsenal), P nosrdsloy ( Ne w cas tle 
Unftecn. C Wadds (Tottenham) 
(sub: J Bames, Watforc 

Referee: A Mercial (Switzerland! 


postpooe numerous Bundefoga issue. Some- ««d Wodd -Cbp 


MILAN: fcGcbd ffidalgo, foe 
coach who led Franoe to foe 
Euztgwan championship hist 
year, is re p orte d to be Dcgniaz- 
mg Ids transfer to an Itatian 
Imp* ebb. An Italian daily 
newspaper said Roma and Inter 
Milan were tbe dubs seeking the 
French coach- Hidalgo was 
mMMedassayinghehad received 
bids from some Italian dubs but 
did not identify them. 

"I have ju, general a g re eme nt 
for pondoly mrectiiM Marseille.. 


lays of si 
are nun 


i i 


games. Last weekend only four playere would remain in top But I bare not _ signed any 


moremqxxtam foan the isa&ao- 


New ground-sharing scheme Thistle and Clyde in 

Three dircctora of Bristol have developed a system in defender, Ken Armstrong, had || {1 1 *1 Ti ff 

Rovers visited Bath CSty to see which natural grass grows on earlier been transferred for O O 


One «n y mmi«B gh t i o n 
proposed by some managers was 
topbyfoeianmiiingBtmdefoga 


Three directore of Bristol 
Rovers visited Bath C5ty to see 
whether the third division dub 
could move 14 miles to sham 
the Goto League dub's ground. 
Bristol Rovers have to leave 
their ground, Eastvflle Stadnnn, 
at the end of next season and are 
to explore whether the £200,000 
improvements needed at Bath's 
ground would qualify for 
aGovernment grant 
Officials from Bristol Rovers 


have developed a system in 
which natural grass grows on 
and through a synthetic carpet 
Notts County are going to tram 
on the new surface, which costs 
£30,000 for a complete pitch — a 
tenth of the sum paid by Lutoa 
Town for their artificial surface 
at Kenilworth Road. Tbe new 
system, called V.RAJF^ was 
launched at an exhibition which 
accompanied tbe Sports Council 
seminar in Harrogate — mare 


defenderJCen Anrngra. tod gl UUUU a MIU1 1UH UCU1 

earlier been transferred far cy O 

£60000. ^ Partick Thistle and Clyde will director from first division Mo«'- 

The SfeSdd Wednesday become the first Scottish dubs ton earlier this week. 
mana ger, Howard Wilkinson, to share a ground from next Fletcher is the m a nag i ng 
has agreed to otend Siggi season-Clyde, who are shortly to director of an office supplies 
Jonsson s loan spell to Barnsley be made homeless when their company which is a subsidiary 
by an extra month. In his lease runs out ax Shawfidd of the Lawrence group. Ha 
present four-week loan period stad i u m , have readied agree- responsibility on the Ibrox 
Jonsson has played only two meat to move into Firbill along board will be and 

games. Under the new agree- with Thistle. The move will help 'commercial activities. It u ail- 
ment, Wednesday can call back the two Glasgow dobs to cut other sign that Lawrence Marl- 


director from first division Mor- 
ton earlier this week. 

Fletcher is the man a ging 
director of an office supplies 
company which is a subsidiary 
of the Lawrence group. Ha 
responsibility on the Ibrox 


meat, Wednesday can call back 


qf nihfr scheduled games were <frape by playing dtampinmfrip 
held. games but omas saidthe ngBon- 

Eleven games remain to be al team codd not travel lo 
rescheduled and dub officials Mexioo without propertrair 
said another three matches ar- "The national team is a 
ranged for fins weekend may more unpartam foan flte nat 
have to be postponed because of al championship,’’ foe Haod 
fiuzen and snow-covered pitch- manager, Gunter Netar.s 
es. One co mprom ise softs 

Tbe crowded calendar may proposed by some m an ager s 
force foe aufoorities to extend topiayfoerem&ningBtmdQ 
the championship pastils sdied- games after foe Wodd Gopi 
uled end on April 26, 

chiefjHmininn SdiiiMiil said. Winning th< 

Hesaid foe season may haveto l^uIa 

be extendsd until May 8, al- DalUv 

fotxi^i this would threate n tbe Evidence that foofoall is ^ 
nationri team manager Ranz ning its batde-against bot^i] 
Bedaenbgnertpjans to hold find ism was jnodneed. yester 
Wodd Qip preparations from when a Department of 
May 5-10 m a sports camp. S 

raUowing foe pre pm ati oos, Tmsoaic, txad me SptKt s Cc 

West Germmy have schotafcd 


contracL . J am imezested pf 
yarning sofoe ex per ie nc e in- 
Ttaly," HiWalgu was queued a a" 


Hidalgo resigned his post with 
the French national team a few 
weeks ago- ' 


Winning the 
battle 


Evidence that football is win- 
ning its battle against hooligan- 
ism was jjroduced yesterday 
when a Department of the 


TURIN: Walter Sctodmer,- 
the Austrian forward who' plays 
for the Italian dub Torino, said, 
he had received bids from* 
Atldtico Madrid for transferring 
to f^ttin at the emi of this 
season. 

“My c o n tr a ct with Torino 
ex piz e s in June. L will decide by 
that date whether I win be- 
saying in Italy or Joining the. 
Spanish dub." said Scbachner. 
whose transfer fee was estimated . 
at 4 biltion fire (£1,745 JX»! 

FLORENCE: Horentma have 


EnvizoninmtofficzaL David 5P^ n ^ i^ wi ? berde ^ l> g. 
Teasdale, told ttoSporte Coon- player * Gan 


are also to have talks with their than a dozen different malt^ of 
local rivals, Bristol City, over artificial woe on view. 


their Icelandic international at down 


24 hours notice. 


overheads, 


on their 
i, they will 


other sign that Lawrence Maxi- vamhup games agrinstYngoria- 


dl seminar in Harrogate that the Ctorfo ApnosoonL . - 

number of spectaloiss arrested 

at, or forown out at football 52 asm ?2 ■**» 

grounds this seasootos nearly pctekfent Raman Ptotello; 
been halved. repMtedly came to loggerheads 

; Teasd^saidjhatthededine mtbe P BStfewwBefa ' 
in attendance, figures — down M SSSirS m S 
about 10 per cent from last v 

season — accounts for rnihr a lak Ttw n Ntconbi «Mm 


ground-sharing despite the 
opposotion of some-su p porters. 
• An invention which offers a 
compromise between natural 
and artificial turf was an- 
nounced yesterday. Not- 
tinghamshire county council 


• Bir min gha m City’s reserve 
goalkeeper, Mark Prndhoe, yes- 
terday joined the third division 
dub, Walsall, mi a month's 
loan. He is the second Bir- 
mingham player to move to 
Walsall this week: their ewitwi 


Manchester City have three retain their separate identities, 
players in doubt for Saturday's 

Canon League game against • Rangers have appointed a 
Oxford United at Maine Road, fifth director to their board at 
Their capatain. Power, the cen- Ibrox as the John Lawrence 


tral defender, McCarthy and the 
winger, Simpson, have all sus- 
tained in juries in training. 


is strengthening their hold after 
purchasing 65 per cent of foe 
stores at Ibrox. 


group strengthen their hold on 
the duhThe new man is Fred- 


OBITItAL LBMMB: HwidhlMie Mmatea 
llnatd * Bkchbum Itam. SkomI dhWotK 
JMB— I fcO uuTMU r Rovwi v Rothwtim 


via and foe Ndfaeriands on May 
II and 14 before foe team depart 
for Mexico on May 19. 

"I cannot jmagtng- that we 
travel to Mexioo without these 


‘ « I’-r. 


the club.The new man is Fred- 
die Fletcher, who resigned as a 


TUKttJay: FYsMon Z. Pott 

VMaOandnotMputifehKlT — 


BOBSLEIGHING 

New sled gives Phipps 
the run of his life 


final preparations. We had simi- 
Jar problems in foe past and we 
always manned to resolve 

S? BteSmer sakL We to bcner v6bty 




IN BRIEF 



_ -A 1 


GOLF 


to the 1992 Otympics gathered 
pace yesterday. Donates at the 
Sports CounciTs seminar at 
Harrogate saw the complete 
package which Britten’s second 
city wiD present to the Inter- 
national Olympic Committee in 
Lausanne tomorrow, which is 
the deadline for the seven rifrias 
that are in contention. 


Nick Phipps made a 
drama tkampact at the world 
championships in KAnigssee, 
West Germany, yesterday by 
docking the thud fastest time 
on the second day of official 
practice for this weekend's four- 
man competition (Chris Moore 
writes). 

Tire British champion’s open- 
ing time of 49.6 1 sec in the Swiss 

sled be has borrowed from 
Ekkehard Passer was 0.11 sec 
inside the track record, and has 
so for been bettered only by 
Dedef Richter, of East Ger- 
many. and tbe leading Austrian, 
Peter KienasL 


ing East Gennany’s reigning 
world and Olympic champions 
Bernhard Lehmann and wolf- 


However, on the second ron 
be lost time at the top after 
snuggling to get in at the start 
and finished ninth fastest in 


struggling to get m al the start 
and finished ninth fastest in 
50-26sec. Keinast was again 
quickest on the second ran in 
49.839ec. 

"AH we’re looking for at the 
moment is a gradual build-up to 
Saturday," Phipps added. "To 
get in such a quick time today 
was a real bonus. 




Phipps, however, has put his 


“Birmingham's bid will make 
a dramatic impact and provide a 
new profile for the Olympic ; 
raovcmenL," the co-ordinaior of 
the city, Jimmy Muon. said. He 
estimated that tbe Olympics 
would cost £500 milli on U> 
present but could produce a 
profit of £200 million. 






New breed of spectator 
for the stadium game 


HramJblai B a flanth i e , Coral SpriBgvHorefe 

couraM 


^StnroKi 


"Without a doubt that’s the Allied Sted crew of Bob Thorne, 
best nm of my life," adelishied Cotin Harris and Man Cearns 

tvl 1 — g J ill* ■■ l * • 1 nn o till if*l riint until thn nurerlrnrirl 


Phipps said. “The sted is just so on a stria diet until foe weekend 

e i n i c « In mi anrf Main that thiw main 


fost I can hardly believe h." to try and ensure that they make 
What made the Briton’s foe weight limit of 630kg. They 


performance even more star- were exactly on the maximum 
tting was that Phipps’s sari time yesterday after taking out foe 


of3.46sec was wdl down on all brakeman’s scat and stripping 
the other iwHnig iwnn, indud- off all their excess gear. 


The IOC wiH make a selection 
in October, and Birmingham 
has already mounted 30 over- 
seas missions and 100 presenta- 
tions. Howell, foe former 
Minister for Sport who has 
returned from lobbying Eastern 
bloc countries, toured 
Birmingham’s forifities yes- 


ROW1NG 


, Ashwini Kumar. 



• :f ■ •• 'f . 


Sr /• n#' 


f ' 

A . 


A • 


: r 

- > •" . . 




Cambridge Lents on ice gfS 


By a Special Conespoodent 

to be • Assisted by a wind 
only tbe fourth time m their straight from the A 
nutmy ttare was no racing on coasted home more 
“eraatoyoffoeOmhridge lengths dear of Kd 
Lctu yesterday. The Cam was bead of foe Oxford I 

Attempts to dear ice from tbe hteTalexSon'Ki 


"Birmingham is clearly i 
speeding up the ladder, and with | 
each passiDg day its chances are 
Speatly improving," Charles , 
Palmer, chairman of the British 
Olympic Association, said. 


up as the n afioml side prepare faLBeEjaS?^^^ 

FOR TOE RECORD 


i ms team-mate, SacntB 
for Aeir European toor 


twerby the Cam Gonsmrancy 
Hunch were in vain. u,r«» 


Huncowwe m vam, and Martin 
Oobton, CUBC secretar y , tod 

SI cs ? Kei ' taviag 

~ ™al decision about whether 


straight from the Artie, Ond 
coasted home more than five 
lengths dear of Keble at the 
bead of the Oxford University 
Torpids. Pembroke dosed to 
half a length on Keble while 
Oriel n escaped being deposed 
by Christ Church into fifth place 
by the narrowest nf ma rgins 


bokl - *** TV£es today 
until late evemn* “w* 



^^evemng- “We have to 
^^jwtherornottoliveday 




In the women’s divisions, St 
Hugh’s finished three lengths 
dear of St Catherine’s but Oder 
House moved up into third 
pace with a bump on Lady 
Margaret Halt J 


1 


Speaking for the association. 
Palmer endorsed recent 
pronouncements made by the 
president of the IOC Juan 
Samaranch, on the eligibility of 
competitors. "By 1992 British 
competitors could be competing 
on equal terms with state- 
sponsored athletes." he said. "If 
the proposals are adopted, we 
will be able to have fuD-time 
competitors in all sports, ftifly 
supported, and able . to con- 
centrate on their skills, leaving 
tbe business of earning a living 
until their sporting days are 
over." 


BASKETBALL 


ICE HOCKEY 



HOCKEY 


■»** «*••* PttHtn2Mta 2 


Beman, the United States tour 
commissioner, “stadium 
golT a one that the leader of the 

A me r ic an professional game be- 
lieves will- take over from for- 
mer ideas. The Honda Classic is 
played this weds on such a 
course. The par-72, 7,030- 
yardEagfe Trace dub in Coral 
Springs, just inland from this 
holiday resort, is a good ecanv- 
pfe of Beman's ideas. 

Urge mounds have been 
bulldozed on the flat landscape 
to pro vide viewing azeasfor 
spectators. These are -grassed 
over and then terraced and 
provide perfect viewing points 
for .the large crowds that axe 
expected. 

Beman ■if convinced - 
once spectators become accus- 
tomed -to the Irmrf of golf. 
watchin g that . British Open 
crowds on lofty sand-dunes in 
Scotland and North-West En- 
gland take for granted, they will 
never want to - return to ' the 
notion of masting 10 deep 
mou nd greens and airways and 

standing on tiptoe to fry to see. 

wta agonjg on. He is probably 

D pt 

The PGA tour are hmVfmo * 


throughout the United -S*”*** 
and Mr Beman hopes that one 
day most of the events on his 
dram wifi . take place at w ri t 
venues. 

. Particularly in Florida, -tbe 
idea has caught on wefl. The 
Tournament _ . Players* 

Champ ionship in a few weeks’ 
tune at the tour headquarters at 
- Pont e Vedra, near Jacksonville," 
attracts crowds of up to 50,000' 
and h is a rete sight to see chenf 
swrniiM over the mounds 
around the ninth and l*th holes. 

Here in Coral Springs tbe 
course has been hacked out of 
foe swamps and creeks on tW. 
edge: of the Everglades and so 
(me has foe impression of being 1 
rn ginte primitive territory." 
There is nothing primitive, 
howeve r, about the &*aiii** or 

fliikiiiiiea. . * 

This event was fo rmall y the 
brvenary Classic on a nearby 
touring estate and the local 
^totlois tod several years of 
jondcriul interest there as fivw 
different US Open champions? 
Lee Trevino, -Jack ■ NkktoS 
l^ry Nefaon, Jotomy Milter 


^ rrvpi.it 


Hiir\ 




^£S 


PGA tonr aie.btnk^g'A StS&ZSSfi**** 


‘“■■’Kwf, 


TENNIS 


n . w or ii years 

Ban upsets Ballesteros 




CUUB MATCHES; Anlpawit Namn « 
rayaasw v«w * urn* Oxiorti 



^RiSOfTAlTVE MATCH: fi eofe n a Itofer- 
ZI22.SceUBh(Mw3dJM3. 


Hungary M 



ftfo^roP^ntolS ™ ^ Stales. “F ot Amencaii i 

«« bemg expelfcd from™ gg*. n * rafiar - ^afl 
PGA Tour, has comfemned the Mm m 


eamed but waahSLSf hJjjg t - 

he foiled to olav driticult for them toplay 15 .. ■ ■ y > 


vr 4 '^' • . 
k*:*- -> . •• 

*=•» *• 




for the 


tofated ^&flfc^fortbemtoplwl5 



•'f'-v 

"V 




r 

<J*>J Ji iy> f%S£> 


ucccss 
1 finals 


ov e ,; 

V|r 4' 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 


SPORT 


CRICKET 


ails mt 
; Cnld 


■ W * "f T" • %, f.i ^ * 
r * ■ 5 «'! * ■ 

.J- ; r I i • i 


A sense of fatalism as 
England prepare 
for a harrowing time 

FVoffli John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Kingston 

lea * e ^ or Kingston has been Geoff Boy- After nearly five weeks in 

F° 1 ^ nox wth the team or the Caribbean the highest 
ing that anv nubile onnosninn ^ ; •_ 


ATHLETICS: RETURN TO SOUTH AFRICA PRIMES STARTING GUN FOR ANOTHER ROUND OF CRITICISM 

Budd-bashing is back in high season 

5WW 

A new blow 
to apartheid 


1? a, I '5™ oon Know- colt, not with the team or 
"! j? an ^ Public opposition because he expects to be called 
IIS. rf" 1 ” wth on upon, but out of keenness; and 

iheir tour has been as nothing now, with Gatting’s departure, 
whal may awajt an important driving force has 


them there. 

In Barbados. St Vincent, 
Antigua and Jamaica they 
have been unmolested, al- 
though, except on the last two 
days of the Test match here, 
they have not attracted the 
crowds of old. In Trinidad, 
where the Governor-General 
and Prime Minister have 
identified themselves with the 
projected cricket boycott, it 
will be different. 

Almost certainly in the days 
ahead it will be difficult to 
escape the attention and the 
presence of the anti-apartheid 
protesters. To what extent the 
visit wjji be disrupted can only 
be conjectured. Most people 
think that cricket should be 
possible, if sometimes at a 
price. In the ordinary way 
Trinidad's Queen's Pau-k Oval 
should provide them with 


been removed. 

I remember Peter Thom- 
son, the golfer, saying once 
how surprised he always was 
that cricket teams did not pay 
more attention to practice. 
Since losing the Test match in 
three days Gower's has had a 
day at a holiday resort fthis 
was on what would have been 
the rest day and had long been 
planned). They got down to 
business for a morning at 
Sabina Park on Tuesday and 
went there again yesterday 
afternoon, heavy rein on 
Tuesday evening having de- 
layed them. There will be 
nothing today, because of 
getting from Jamaica to Trini- 
dad — this can be done in 216 
hours but will take seven by 
the “stopper" — and the next 
match starts tomorrow. 

Wilf Slack; who should 


individual score is Gatling's 
80 in the first innings against 
Jamaica. The captain has 
made 52 runs in seven in- 
nings. Robinson 34 in his last 
five. Smith 19 in four. In 20 
first-class innings in the West 
Indies, on this tour and the 


From Paul Martin 
Johannesburg 

Zola Sudd's full-length por- 
trait hangs on every second 
lamppost in the Johannesburg 
street where 1 am staying. There 
is no need for her name to 
appear, only that of her mining 
shoes. The advertisement might 
be more effective if Miss Bndd 
would run races, not jest pose, in 
them. 

“Of coarse she's oar girl”, one 
white passer-by tells me, point- 
ing at the plastic poster over- 
head. “Ah well, she may hava a 
British passport and all that, bat 
she's really one of ns and we Ye 
proud of her." 

The 20-year-old athlete is 
back in her native land; hat 
apart from her advertising post- 


last, Botham has a top score of ers she is keeping a deliberately 


It Has been very hard going 
and after tomorrow's three- 
day game there remains only 
one other match that is not 
either a one-day international 


low profile. She and, more to the 
point, her advisers arc grimly 
aware that her return here is 
sore to lire the starting gun for 
another round of Budd-bashing 
from the anti-apartheid lobby in 
Britain, who are hoping to 



or a Test. Small wonder that jeopardize her participation in 
we are keeping OUT fingers the Commonwealth Games. 


their best chance of a less arrive in Trinidad this eve- 
harrowing time on the field, ning, is in the 12 for this game. 


the pitch there usually being 
slower and less resilient than 
Barbados, Antigua or Sabina 
Park. 

The team seem threatened 
at the moment by a sense of 
fatalism, which could, I sup- 
pose. take a firmer bold if the 
atmosphere in Trinidad is 
acrimonious. Some of the 
practices I have seen have had 
a slipshod look about them. 
More could have been done to 
find better facilities, as well as 
to make the best of those 
available. West Indians have 
been struck by this. Practices 
have been optional when they 
might better have been com- 
pulsory, as though the disci- 
pline which they impose is 
unimportant. 

One of those working hard- 
est at his game here in 


Those who will definitely miss 
it are Botham, Downton, Elli- 
son and Thomas. If Slack 
plays he bat in the middle of 
the order. Gooch is anxious to 
get all the batting he can and 
Gower to try again at No 3. 
Botham liked the idea of a 
match off. 

For French tomorrow will 
be only the fifteenth day's 
cricket out of the 1 50 days for 
which, this winter and last he 
has been on tour with En- 
gland. He played four first- 
class games and one one-day 
international in India in 1984- 
85 but just as he was due to 
play in Antigua recently he 
was set upon by a dog. It must 
have been a long five weeks 
for him, waiting his chance 
out here, but be remains a 
model tourist 


we are keeping our lingers 
crossed for Trinidad. 

The party goes there, Ra- 
man Subba Row said yester- 
day, “in a positive frame of 
mind and, in view of how little 
trouble ibere has been so far 
.on the tour, very much hoping 
for the best" Should the worst 
happen there and the game 
not be worth playing, the idea 
is not for the tour to be 
abandoned (that is positively 
the last option, though I can 
see it might have a son of, 
attraction for England's bats- 
men) but for the programme 
to be revised. The West Indian 
Cricket Board of Control 
made contingency plans some 
time ago should such an 
emergency arise. 

• Michael Holding, the West 
Indies vice-captain, will miss 
the second one-day interna- 
tional next Tuesday and the 
second Test match, starting 
three days later, in Trinidad. 
He is still troubled by a 
hamstring injury, which 
caused him to miss the open- 
ing one-day game in Jamaica; 
but he played in the first Test 
match and look three wickets 


Hie Commonwealth Games. 

“I've no illusions what we are 
in for from the British media," 
her coach. Pi tier Laboschagne. 
said when I told him she had 
I been spotted wheeling a trolley 
through Johannesburg Airport 
last week. According to con- 
fidants, she plans to return to 
Europe for one week in mid- 
March, spending two days in 
Britain, three or four in Zorich 
to defend her world cross- 
country title and perhaps an- 
other two hack in her adopted 
motherland. 

Then it vs back to Sooth 
Africa until Jane, when she 
begins four months of high 
season athletics, including the 
Commonwealth Games and 
European championships; after 
which another long break hi 
Sooth Africa. 

Miss Sudd's critics will claim 
that this is evidence that she is 
using her British nationality as a 
flag of convenience. 

“Nonsense", Laboschagne ar- 
gues. “Name one top-class Euro- 
pean athlete who is spending the 
whole European winter in the 
freezing cold. Where’s Markka 
Puica? Not in Romania. She's in 
America." 

As Miss Bndd works oat in 
the 86*F sunshine among the 
rolling vineyards of Stellen- 
bosch it is hard to bolt her 
choice of venue. As one of her 


fm 


rsffffWS 


Miss Budd answers her critics with her feet, Labuschagne, her coach, with his mouth 


9E&\t8SMBh£& 

H A Gomes, p JDujon, C A Best, A L b« to beexe to death, held 


Days of scorebook 
are numbered 


By Richard Streeton 


Difficult 
task for 
Sri Lanka 


With computers in everyday 
business life now commimpbce, 
their regular use in a statistical 
game such as akkd‘ seems 
ce.-tain to increase. Among regu- 
lar county scorns Vic Isaacs, of 
Hampshire, is a computer pio- 
neer, the first to possess his own. 
He forecasts that scorers will 
eyentnally dispense with their 
traditional books and push but- 
tons i n st ead. 

"It might be as much as 20 
years away yet, I suppose," be 
says, “but that time will defi- 
nitely come, and perhaps sooner 
than we think if the costs come 
down.” 

■ Computers will bring the big- 
gest change to the scorers' way 
of life since the late 18th 
century. Then, one Samuel 
Britcher. scoring for MCC, was 
described by a later historian as 
a radical innovator for daring 
“to forsake the primitive notches 
upon sticks for the modern 
paper and pencil." 

Cricket, of coarse, already 
benefits from computers in sev- 
eral ways. There is the 


keeping averages progressively 
up to (late and also for storing 
scorecard*. “Computers, of 
course, are only as good as the 
information put into them," he 
concedes. A few years ago an 
attempt to forecast hew the 
county championship table 
wo old finish went badly awry 
when the computer failed to take 
into account Injuries later suf- 
fered by key players. 

In no area are computers more 
useful to crilcet statisticians than 
for their books. Mr Isaacs had a 
printout available straightaway 
for most of the scores in the book 
on one-day international cricket 
he and Bill Frfndail recently 
published. “In the past it would 
have involved hours of addi- 
tional slog." 

Another statistician to rely 
heavily on his computer is 
Gordon Andrews, a Warwick- 
shire income tax consultant, who 
has just published two books 
dealing with matches, averages 
and records of wartime cricket in 
England from 1940 to 1945. It is 
a period of cricket history 


Logie, n A Harper. M D Marshall, j prisoner to the anti-apartheid 
Gamer. BP Patterson. C A WbJW people in Britain?" 

* itne -m . The athlete's supporters an- 

I If grily deny that she has infringed 

JyllllLIUi Commonwealth Games regnla- 

_ a Cions by her visit. As The Times 

f-QGlT tfvr recently pointed out, she might 

tilDll. iUi fall foul of a rule requiring an 

m __ athlete to be a resident in the 

Lwi 1 nnl/O participating country at least six 

1 1 iljVdl months before the game starts 

Kandy Otart- -Sri Uu-ta 

is.'uKisuss — -re - — - 

against Pakistan resumes today - 

after the rest day. The home TT _ — ___ 

side, who trailed by 121 runs on M U IT] |F|£ 

the first innings, are 31 for two 

in their second innings. 90 runs 

In arrears. Two days remain. Rv p*. Rntchor 

The Sri Lankan captain. AshtHTr-SSSLi*.* 
Duleep Mendis. said that the Athletics Correspondent 

early loss of Ravi Ratnayake Two sets of coaches provided 
and Sidath Wemmuny was a timely reminders yesterday of 
severe Wow. “Our only hope is the value of education, and what 
to bat well tomorrow," Mendis happens when the sources of 


Britain to another (say from 
England to Wales) to win selec- 
tion. 

Miss Budd. he said, has lived 
in England and owns a home 
there and was entitled to travel 
abroad whenever she liked. It 
would be bitterly u nfair and 
“political opportunism" to apply 
any such rule to her while other 
athletes went abroad regularly, 
he argued. 

Laboschagne maintains that 
British athletic officials had 
been folly aware of, and ac- 
cepted, Miss Bndd's plans to 
keep returning to South Africa 
for training and relaxation. 
“Zola has done nothing this year 
different to what was done and 
agreed last year," he said. 

She had been the only top- 
flight middle-distance woman 
athlete to ran in the British 
indoor season this year and last, 
he pointed out. She had rejected 
lucrative American invitations, 
putting Britain first. "What 
more can she do to prove her 
loyalty?" be asked. "But then 1 
don't suppose you'll ever satisfy 
our enemies." 

Yet there is unease even 
among the athlete's supporters 
at the contemptuous way she and 
her advisers are cocking a snook 
at her critics. A recent report on 
State- run South African tele- 
vision remarked that the neg- 
ative publicity she was receiving 
was “largely her own fault". 

Much of the Image problem 
can be traced back to her 


consistent refusal to make a 
statement openly condemning 
apartheid. She may come under 
increasing pressure to do so as 
the Commonwealth Games ap- 
proach. 

Her silence on the subject 
cortstrasts with the disarming 
flurry of Mows directed at the 
system from the heavyweight 
boxer. Gertie Coetzee, who is in 
London to meet Frank Bruno. 
Coetzee's willingness to decry 
racial descrimination has been 
formally applauded in the Sooth 
African press as having taken 
the wind oat of the sails of the 
"The Apartheid Fight." 

Similarly. Rob Loow told The 
Times before joining Wigan 
Rugby League team that be 
would welcome a chance to sign 
a statement abhorring apart- 
heid. He felt that almost all 
South African sportsmen and 
women would sign. He felt that 
those genuinely against apart- 
heid should be allowed to play or 
run abroad. 

The Bndd attitude, expressed 
by her coach, is that to sign any 
declaration would lead to an 
e scala ti ng scale of demands on 
her from anti-apartheid ac- 
tivists. Her supporters point out 
that a number of Sooth African- 
born athletes have been granted 
passports by countries with 
whom they had far more tenuous 
Unite than she had. Sydney 
Maree in the United States is 
one; Kevin Curran, the Wimble- 
don finalist, is another. Correa. 


The International Campaign 
Against Apartheid Sport 
(ICAAS) has been launched to 
keep South African sport out in 
the cold. A former diplomat. 
Fekrou Kidane. the Pa ns- based 
director of Continental Spins 
Magazine, has been appointed 
chairman and the post of exec- 
utive director is held by Sam 
Ramsamy. chairman of the 
South African Non-Racial 
Olympic Committee (SAN- 
ROC). 

The organization will co- 
ordinate with other anti-apart- 
heid bodies and work closely 
with the Olympic movement 
and other sporting organiza- 
tions. IC.AAS will press for the 
exclusion of South Africa from 
all international sports federa- 
tions. 

A particular concern is the 
financial bait being offered to 
sportsmen to compete in South 
Africa, notably cricket, golf and 
rugby players. In addition to 
monitoring all sports exchanges 
with the republic. ICAAS plan 
to issue bulletins about South 
Africa's multi-million dollar 
strategy for luring sportsmen to 
the country. 

at Stellenbosch after the notori- 
ous Olympic Games collision 
with Mary Decker when 
Momburg and others disuaded 
who like Miss Budd had a her. ironically, by a pealing to 
British parent, decided not to her South African patriotism. “I 
apply for British nationality told her hundreds or South 
because of the storm around African athletes, white and 
Zola. He has had few problems black, would give their eye teeth 
after becoming an American, for a chance to ran abroad." 
And Cornelia Burki runs for Momburg recalled. “I told her 
Switzerland without incident, she owed it to (hem not to throw 
despite having been born in in her British passport." 

South Africa and regularly visit- Two world records and two 
iog iu international titles later. Miss 

Cries of “double standards" ? udd has. reasons for feeling a 
and “hvpocrisv" are often deep gratitude for that advice, 
raised by apologists or the ^he is determined to continue 
system here; but on this issue “ "she is raring to 

there appears to be more than a *0 , according to Mombarg- 
whiff of troth in these asser- has her plans worked out 
(ions. right up to the 1988 Olympic 

’ _ ... „ ... Games. Though she remains, as 

. £5“ B £. d s resp0nse ? Momburg points out. an 
latest controversy can only be xfricaro girl at heart, refusing to 
gleaned second hand since her exiie ber £, ffroni her roolHbe 
advisers keep her away fiom all * def ^ 

media people, local and foreign. against her 

while she is in South Africa. The v s K h " jf siowlyTiconciling her- 
aim is (c aved drawing undue Mlf (0 pnb |icin-. forti- 

atteuhOT to her presence here. ried b her advisers. As 
The athlete s associates, how- Ubuscbaglie K ic - It h *], 

ever, say tha she still “takes washin| ^ ff heads. We use 

these things to heart. It was the e^h morninR 
difficult for a "young, sensitive ^ ^ t0 the fisb 

P*™ n , , t0 * * nd chips-" 

upset, according lo Jennie Miss Budd's advisers feel that 

of u tb i aen .*5™ they hold . trump card that will 
whose shoulder she has cned m ensure ter paniripa- 

tbc past. tion in the England team despite 

Bat he added that she was campaigns against her. Crowds 
incomparably stronger and more flock to see her, television pays 
mature than the time little more big money to screen her races, 
than a year ago when she nearly The British public, according to 
ended her international career her coach, love her. She answers 
for good. She was on the point of her critics with her feet, not her 
running in a South African event month. 


Hammering home the point of specialization 


By Pat Butcher 
Athletics Correspondent 

Two sets of coaches provided 
timely reminders yesterday of 
the value of education, and what 


coach and former world record 
bolder in the long jump: Mac 
Wilkins, the 1972 Olympic dis- 
cus gold medal winner from the 
United States: Maurice 
Houvion. the former world- 


said. “Thai calls for a lot of that education are eroded or 
determination and withdrawn. 


happens when the sources of class pole vaulier from France: 
that education are eroded or and his compatriot. Ferdinand 


concentration." In their pre- 
vious Test on this ground 


The first set of coaches in- 
cluded Anotoiiy Bondarchuk. 


Mendis and Roy Dias, the vice- Olympic hammer champion in 
captain, rescued ihetr side with a [972: Frank Dick, director of 
magnificient fourth-wicket coaching in Britain; and Bany 


Unebise, internationally re- 
nowned hurdling coach. 

Sedykh first of all showed the 
excellence which has made him 


Honeywell system which flashes virtually untouched by research- 
instant score details across our ers. 


I ' 


iV 

rV 

,* • s i r ‘ 


television screens. Headingley's 
computerized scoreboard, the 
first of its type on an English 
Test ground is another example. 

Currently the Test and 
Comity Cricket Board are look- 
ing into the cost of producing the 
annual fixture list on the same 
computers ased by the Stockport 
firm responsible for the English 
and Scottish Football League 
programmes. 

Mr Isaacs uses a BBC Micro 
and a Sinclair Spectrum Plus 
and finds them invaluable for 

YACHTING 

Mast problem 
for French 
competitors 

Another yacht in the 
Whitbread Round the World 
race is suffering difficulties. 
L’Espni d*Eqmpe. tbe French 
vac hi. which is leading the third 
6.000-mile leg. has a damaged 
mast, li is split below deck and 
twisted at the top. and the crew 
have reduced sail drastically. No 
one has been was injured in the 
accident, and the crew are 
carwing on to Uruguay- 

The crew of the dismasted 
NZI Enterprise have flown 
home to Auckland, where they 
held a meeting. At least two 
have resigned, and one of them. 
Murrav Ross, the former watch 
captain, said yesterday that he 
expected others to withdraw, 

TODAY’S FIXTURES 

7.30 mass stawa 

football 

FREIGHT ROVER t OTW i "ortftjOT 
g a ctia n; Bumtey v ParHngtai Sowi am 
MCtOR Reading v OnenC Swindon v 

CENTRAL | pafaiP; Second dUttw 
<7.Ufc Wow- 

nampton v B.'BtJfor 0 J? , 0 j _ .. 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Ml P«*W* gff 
■nurd round: a^stwry * DudWyl** vnogj. 
LONDON SENIOR CUP: SeciWl iwnnds 
Epsom ana EwsUvM*mSo«s Wattumsso* 
Avenue v WeSmp United. 

MIDDLESEX CHARITY CUP: H**t lOu"* 
Hampton » Starnes Town. 

SOUTHWEST COUNTIES LEAGJE; Bns~ 

Rovers v Hereto* 0 Unroo 

MSTERH aOOOUT COMPETITION: 
Oamstorc v Bartons- 

RUGBY LEAGUE 

SUU.OM LA GSR CHAMPIONSHIP Leeds 
v SaltonL 

0THER SPORT 

SNOOKfifc Ouunr Bntfih Own tut Dtfby 
A5semt% Rooms). 


What originally started as a 
hobby for Mr Andrews became a 
small business on Ike side is 
May, 1983, when he launched 
DataSport, Britain’s first com- 
puter service for football stat- 
isticians. It has dub results 
available from 1888 onwards 
and annuals and scrapbooks 
from 1919. The two wartime 
cricket annuals cost £435 each 
(postage £1 JO) and are avail- 
able from DataSport, Gardenia 
Cottage, Admington, Shipston- 
on-Sfottr. Warwickshire. 


stand of 216 runs ami ns t India. 

The captain of Pakistan, j 
Imran Khan, said that be was 
happy with his side's position 
SCORES: Sri Lanka 109 and 31 tor Z 
Pakntan 230 (Mudassar Nazar Bl, Sasm 
Matt 54). 

£lm plan for 
Grace Road 

Leicestershire Coumy Cricket 
Club yesterday announced a 
small profit of £3.636. the 17th 
consecutive year the club has 
remained in the black. But their 
secretary-manager. Mike 
Turner, said it was becoming 
harder to raise money and the 
club were now planning to build 
a £1 million multi-purpose 
sports centre at their Grace 
Road ground, which would 
benefit the community and 
generate cash all the year round. 


1972: Frank Dick, director of a world record holder and a 
coaching in Britain; and Bany double Olympic champion (he 


Williams, former UK record 
holder in the hammer. 

Bondarchuk, accompanied by 
his star pupil, Yuri Sedykh, 
winner of the 1976 and 1980 
Olympic hammer gold medal 
and the current world record 


would almost certainly have 
won again in Los Angeles had 
the Soviet Union competed) 
when he won the special ham- 
mer competition in Wolver- 
hampton. prior to Monday 
evening's indoor match against 


holder, is in Britain for one of the Soviet Union at Cosford. 


the excellent series of athletics 
seminars, sponsored by 
Minolta, which are intended to 


with a throw of 77.64 metres, an 
AJdersley Stadium record. 

Then at yesterday morning's 


raise the consciousness of press conference, which pre- 
coaches and athletes in events ceded their first seminar, 
where Britain has been tra- Sedvkh and Bondarchuk ex- 


diiionaily weak. 


plained to an envious audience 


This winter’s seminars, initi- one or the reasons why. if there 
ated by Dick, have thus far been were a proper track and field 


conducted by Igor Ter- 
Ovanesyan, the Soviet national 


world championships with entry 
not restricted to three per coun- 

SQUASH RACKETS 


try. the Soviet Union could 
eniera dozen hammer throwers. 

Certainly there is a tradition 
for the event in the Soviet 
Lin ion: but Bondarchuk ex- 
plained; “From the age of 1 1 to 
17. we give youngsters the 
opportunity to attend a free 
special sports school, which 
gives them a general grounding 
in all sporting pursuits for the 
firsi four years. We build their 
strength and test their aptitudes. 
We advise, teach and coach. 
Then, at the age of 15, they begin 
to specialize. Tike Sedykh did." 

This is the sort of system 
which Britain can never hope to 
emulate, and it is the sort of 
system necessary for teaching 
complex technical events like 
the hammer, compared to 
Britain's excellence in distance 
running, which requires little 
more than a pair of shoes and 
the spirit to endure long solitary 
training runs. But Bondarchuk's 
explanation of how his hammer 
throwers^ achieve excellence 
sprang forcibly to mind two 
hours later on encountering the 
other set of coaches. 

These were the ones we 


encountered on the Ml motor- 
way yesterday morning, 
transporting thousands of dis- 
gruntled teachers and students 
down to London to demonstrate 
against government educational 
policies and wage restraint. 

It came as a shock to meet a 
group of former training school 
colleagues two weeks ago and be 
told by a dozen of them without 
exception, bui with similar 
vituperation borne of despair, 
that “things will never be the 
same again in the schools”. 

Not only can Britain not 
afford the special sports school 
system, but the teachers' strike 
has ended the tradition of free 
vocational sports training which 
teachers have given to pupils 
after school. 

That also brought to mind an 
addendum to yesterday's press 
conference when Dick and Wil- 
liams gave two examples of how 
some local government changes 
in educational attitudes are 
preventing or eroding the pur- 
suit of sporting excellence. 

The wreights room at 
Meadowbank Stadium in Edin- 
burgh. venue for this summer's 


Commonwealth Games, is now- 
out of bounds to athletes, since 
it has been taken over for 
aeroboties. And another train- 
ing area in Scotland, which 
Chris Black. Scotland's top 
hammer thrower, has been using 
lor 1 2 years, is now denied him 
for the same reasons. 

No one is decrying the raising 
of community health conscious- 
ness. bui should it be exercised 
at the expense of the pursuit of 
excellence? We need these 
young men and women, whose 
sporting achievements make 
them lhc modern equivalent of 
the old mythical heroes, and 
they have adversity enough in 
unwilling bodies when training 
to high levels without other 
obstacles being pul in their way. 

If Bondarchuk and Sedykh 
were here to raise consciousness 
of sponmg excellence, then the 
knowledge that what the teach- 
ers are doing — a) whoever'? 
behest or blame — to our 
nation's sporting as wrell as 
intellectual potential, it should 
raise the conscience of not just 
the government, teachers and 
parents, but of all of us. 


HOCKEY 


Pearson’s efforts rewarded 


NORDIC SKIING 


Spotswood secures a 
bronze for Britain 


An in-form John Spotswood, 
producing a time of 27min 
28.9sec for his anchor leg, took 
Britain to a fine third place, in 
the 4 x 10km event at the 
Lowlanders championships be- 


Dixon. laid low with tonsillitis 
after winning the national 30km 
title at Zwjesel. West Germany, 
three weeks ago. 

The women’s team of Steph- 
anie O'Malley. Louise MacKen- 


Luwia.iucia »» ante O’Majley. Louise Mac Ken - 

mg held near Oslo. The previous zie Janc Holloway and Denise 


day. Spotswood, from . Carlisle, 
was fifth id the 1 5km event 
clocking 40m in 4-2sec, just 
ahead of Martin Watkins in 
sixth place (Michael Coleman 
writes) 


David Pearson, the Chapel 
Allenon first string, appears to 
have discovered an extraor- 
dinary new match preparation 
technique with which he may 
yet lead his Leeds team to the 
American Express Premier 
League championship in their 
first year at national level. 

Pearson came from two 
games down to defeat Philip 
Kenyon, the national champion 
and first string for Dunnings 
Mill, after a chaotic and stressful 
day in which he delivered his 


By Colin McQuillan 

packed gallery audience who 
travelled through heavy snow io 
support a team of young local 
professionals reinforced by Stu- 
art Hailstone, a young South 
African who is their registered 
overseas player. Pearson's suc- 
cess also secured an unexpected 
4-1 victory over the strongest 
Dunnings Mill (ine-up. with the 
Australian. Kelvin Smith, flown 
in specially from Dusseldorf to 
defeat Hailstone, and kept Cha- 
pel Allerton within mathmatica! 


Chamberlain took the silver 
medal behind the French in 
their relay. 

The opening day's 1 5km race 
had given France their first 
victory, with Eric Vaurs holding 


ty in which he delivered his striking distance of Ardleigh 
ife to hospital with emergency Hall, the league leaders, who 
iid-pregnancy problems, flitted won 4-1 against Armley. 


France took the gold in the off two Australians, David 
relay with a lime of l hr 49min Hislop and Chris Heberie. 
59see. ahead of Australia, a results: iskm: i. E vaurs (m 3ftnin 
Kiimrisine second. The total 02- Ba n c: 2. D Wslop (AuSL _3ft38.4; 3. C 


mid-pregnancy problems, flitted 
between play school, day care 
and various relatives with his 
first child, and raced around icy 
roads on coaching calls. 

His 4-9. 2-9. 10-9. 9-4. 9-1 win 
was greeted ecstatically by a 


won 4-1 against Armley. 

“Normally on match days I 
do a little coaching and practice 
then concentrate on the job 
ahead." said Pearson, aged 26. a 
coaching professional who plays 


regularly behind Kenyon in the 
Lancashire county side. 

“This lime I was on court and 
two games down before I 
remembered iL was vital to 
win." From that point on. 
however. he took 
superbad vantage of a cold court 
and a heavy bail 
Wins from Mark Hornby. 
Barry Watkins and Brian Pear- 
son had already ensured match 
victory but every point counted 
in pursuit of Ardleigh Hall. 
RESULTS: Chaoel AJNmon 4. Duimmgs 
Md 1: Armagh Hall 4, Armley 1. Squash 
Leicester 4. Manchester Northern i : 
Cannons Club 4. Redwood Lodge T; 
Nottmgham 1. Edgoaston Pnory 4. 
League poahionK 1. Armetgn Hal). 7ipts. 
2. Cnapei AXarton, GS: 3. Cannons, si: 4. 
Manchester Northern. 55. S. Nottmgham. 
54. S. Eogbaston Pnory. 54. 7. Squash 
Leicester. 53: 3. Dunnings Mil. 43; g, 
Armuugh, 36: 10. RwJwwo Lodge. 24 . 


Civil Service prove 
the more forceful 


By Sydney Friskin 

Civil Service 3 

RAF 0 

A strong Civil Service side 
overran the Royal Air Force in 


After the RAF had squan- 
dered an early short comer Civil 
Service came strongly imo 
contention and took the lead in 
the 33rd minute from their third 
short comer. The ball was 
cleverly worked by Dogra to 


L « Yellowlces who drove It past 

Li ncI h ^ P Pappin. the RAF coaikccper. 

forces at Bishom Abbe,^ -to "ad earlier made mo good 


tenJay. having beaten the Royal 
Navy 5-0 the previous day. 

The RAF were somewhat 
unstable in defence and could 


uusuii'it. in utnciiix: <*uu iuuiu anD „lar cb.M 

noi cope with the suck work and an li_ a T 2 V, 


saves. 

Three minutes later. Giles 
sent Hay through to swerve past 
Pappin and score with an astute 


acceleration of the Civil Service 
forwards, although some 
improvement was evident in 
their rearguard when Dykes 
took over from Barrett at right 
back after the interval. 

The Civil Service made one 


surprising second- The total taaaac «■ 
time of the British A team was 

l hr 51 min 45.2sec. the spin 4 & 43 . 1 : u. A Wyta. «v.3s* 16 . a 
limes being Watkins 27min Munuesd 4i£S.7; i*. t mrmnart. 
40.2*0. EtS. McKenzie 28min 

25. 1 sec. Andy Wylie 28 m in K «TiSA5: & 

l i.Osec and Spotswood 27mm 49mn 59&ec 2. Austrafta. titt 27.2; 3. 
TfiLQcec. ants" A 151:45.2: 4. Britan a 1:5252-4 

Spotswood’s form contrasted SmJm »^.4^Smn l 2WL!£ 

with that of the sick Micbuel wtn t arton 2738-fl. 


limes being Watkins 27min 
40.2sec. Ewan McKenzie 28m in 
25. 1 sec. Andy Wylie 28min 
! I .Osec and Spotswood 27 mm 
2S.9sec 

Spotswood 's form contrasted 
with that of the sick Michael 


Lords leap to protection of salmon 


The R AF improved their style 
in the second half but failed to 
convert two short comers. 
LulTman's hit off ihe second 
being well saved by Bayliff. 

EighL minutes before the end 
Nazir Mohamed set up a chance 
for Batchelor lo score the third 


IN BRIEF 


Lloyd loses in heat 


La Quinta. California - The are Sergio CasaL Emilio San- 
defertding champion. Larry chez-Vicano. Juan Aguilera and 
Sic fan Id. beat John Lloyd, of Joree 

Britain. 6-1 6-2 in the first round RUGB\ UNION: Hcadingfey 
of a grand prix tennis tour- an d Nottingham nave switched 
nameni here on Tuesday night, their game to the RossaU School i 
Stefan ki. who underwent shoul- Pitch at Blackpool on Saturday, 
der surgery last July, served The match had been arranged 
forcefully. Lloyd struggled with for Headmgley s Kirksiall 
bouts ol nausea brought on by ground-tat it » unlikely thatthc 
intense heat on the court. by Saturday. _ 

• The Spanish coach. Manuel 
Orantes. announced his team 
for the Davis Cup world group 
first round tie against Britain- 
starting On March 7. The players 


By Conrad Voss Bark 

Praise die Lords for the work 
[ (hey have been doing to improve 
j (he government's Salmon BilL 
After intensive late-night sit- 
tings in which fishermen, 
nefsmen and lawyers have been 
playing a leading put. govern- 
ment ministers have agreed that 
they most tighten up the bill's 
clauses that aim to outlaw gang 
poaching and the black market 
in Illegally caught salmon. 

At further stages of the bill 
the government will introduce 
dealer licensing in England and 
Wales at the same time as in 
Scotland. Lord Belstead told the 
Lords at the reports stage of the 
bill that orders will prorate for a 
definition of the categories of 
traders to be licensed, the 


F1SHINO 


CYCLING; Steve Fleetwood, of determination of licence fees. 
Liverpool, hopes to repeat his appropriate penalties for dealing 


win of last March in a 50-mile 
County of Merseyside grand 
prix event at Ainiree on Sunday. 


ia salmon without a licence, and 
powers of search and seizure by 
enforcing officers. 


But the government refused to 
phase out the netting of the 
Northumberland and Yorkshire 
coasts which take salmon on 
their way back to Scottish rivers, 
but gave a firm commitment to 
review these fisheries, as well as 
those or the Scottish coasts from 
the Tweed to the Ugk. in three 
years* time. In the meantime 
there would be stricter rules 
about the operation of the north 
east coast fisheries. 

A great deal of time was Spent 
on discussing bow to phrase the 
legal definition of someone being 
in possession oT salmon which 
may have been illegally caught 
or acquired in suspicions circ ttm - 


stances. Finally, at the end of it 
alL Lord Moran asked the 
government, rather plaintively, 
if they could not reword (hat part 
of the bill and put it in plain 
English. 

On the subject of the dif- 
ference between legal definitions 
aud plain English, it was pointed 
out that if lawyers could not 
agree on the meaning of words, 
then bailiffs, policemen and 
magistrates who have to operate 

under the law are going to get 
somewhat confused. The govern- 
ment promised that they woold 
try and do something to improve 

matters. 

The bilL which attempts to 
stop the black market, restricts 
SMie of the drift netting, and 
improve the administration of 
the Scottish district fishery 
boards, has had its third reading 
in the House of Lords and will 
now go to the Commons. 


E O vilScrvicc with a fierce 
^ ^ £ ei I shot from the top of the circle, 

emphasis was on atiaiA where CN1L SEHVtCE: K Ba»W. M Yeitwrtees. 
Batchelor and ratel w«re prom- h S Dogra p Giles. D n Bradtxry. a Hay 
menL abU assisted by Hav and Monamw. j Taylor, k Honor, a 


Nazir_ Mohamed. Griffith was cpi m uuunu. 

conspicuous Ul a limited RAF j.T«* I Boned (Sub Sqt M Dykesj. SAC 
attack, well supported by P McOowea. Cpi m Page, sac p Hart. 

Sa'c l 

was also some good work b> Umpires: C Jantons iSaurhem Cr unties) 
Page at left half. and B Anderson tComomed Senneest. 

Canada home and dry 


By Joyce Whitehead 

Wales^.. 0 

Canada 1 

A goal by Lisa Lyn. from a 
penally comer in ihe first half, 
was enough to secure victory 
for Canada at the National 
Sports Centre of Wales in 
Card* IT yesierday. n was a 
good shot from a well re- 
hearsed set-piece. 

Wales, with seven new caps 
in ihe squad, were faster than 
usual on their free hits bui lhc 


Canadians resisted all efforts 
to be turned round. 

After half-iime Wales made 
a determined effort and the 
Canadian goal had a charmed 
life. 

Today Wales L’nder-21 play 
Canada at the National 
Recreation Centre (2.0). 

WALES: H Green. E Event., C Tnomav U 
Efts. I Ham*. M Medtow (capran), F 
McCarthy. M Wifeams. C Witiams. J 
Williams. W Banks 

CANADA: S Bapqa. (J Covey. L Lyn. * 
Mstomjqa". S ScWeroe. S BaUamyne. L 
Brancnawi. M Conn. S Fprsngw icautanL 
J Batand S Crewman, 

Umpires: S Morrow and M tanning. 


thr "f 
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lOI •> 
cla > 
do c j 
fat fs ' . 
tv n \ 
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PC a * 

of :f 

pe u . 

«** 8 ■: 
av « a 
ih S ] i 
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Ih ti ; 
ol s > 

,r . > 

UJ si - 

fr - 

A •» 

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; m * 
si 

ai 


DEADLINE FOR POPPLEWELL IMPROVEMENTS 


Ground safety steps 
must be complete 
by end of summer 


The huge programme of “People who run sports 
safety improvement at sports grounds must make them 


grounds must be completed by 
the start of the next football 
season. That deadline for the 
recommendations of the 
PoppleweU report was re- 
vealed yesterday. 

A Home Office official 
David Mould, told a Sports 
Council seminar in Harrogate 
that the Government is press- 
ing ahead with Mr Justice 


more safe. You must not wait 
for us to legislate. Do it now.” 

At the same time as the 
Safety Act is extended, the 
guidelines under which local 
councils administrate - the so 
called “Green Guide" - will 
be made far more strict and 
detailed, and fire precaution 
laws will also be tightened up. 
At present only first and 


PopplewelTs main proposals second division football 
and has set a time scale for grounds come under the Safe- 


iheir implementation. ty Act. 

The Popplewell Report Delegates at the Harrogate 
urged that all football rugby seminar watched a video of 
union, rugby league and crick- the Bradford City fire and 
ei grounds holding 10,000 or John Smith, dhairraan of both 
more spectators should be Liverpool FC and the Sports 
brought under the Safety of Council said: “Every person 
Sports Grounds Act, and who comes through the turn- 

tf IJ j .* ii -« # % — 


writes). Most dubs had al- 
ready met the recommenda- 
tions of the Popplewell Report 
with regard to improving 
ground safety. This followed 
the League's decision after the 
Bradford fire disaster that all 
their dubs should be designat- 
ed under the Green Guide. 

In most cases foe dubs had 
overcome foe problem of cost 
by simply upgrading those 
areas of their stadiums that 
they required. Since few dubs 
in the third and fourth divi- 
sions attract attendances of 


THE TIMES THUR SDAY FEBRU ARY 27 1986 

BOXING 


:M? M: m ■■ ' 


racing 





National In spite 
of stamina doubts 

From Out Irish Racing Correspoedewt, DofeHa 
The majority of c™« of <-■-"!£» Sf, - *? 


Mould said yesterday that all 
those stadiums will have the 
act applied to them by the end 
of this summer. 

Several delegates com- 


foe Bradford City fire and 
John Smith, diaiiraan of both 

Liverpool FC and foe Sports 

Council said: “Every p^reon VZJCw^SFS 

who comes through foe mm- 

stiles at every football ground Improvement Trust 

must be made aware that he is “In feet we're quite encour- 

K to be safe, that is our 'aged by this news from the 
lost responsibility. Home Office. We thought that 

# The Football League said most of foe work had to be 


stiles at every football ground 
must be made aware that he is 

K to be safe, that is our 
lost resnonsibilitv. 


of this summer. foremost responsibility. Home Office. We thought that 

Several delegates com- • The Football League said most of foe work had to be 
plained about foe cost of yesterday that they fell this done by Christmas." Andy 
making the compulsory im- announcement had few impli- Williamson, a League official 
provemem but Mould said: cations for them (Clive White said yesterday. 


said yesterday. 


RUGBY UNION 





Cheers to new kit 
and new identity 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 


Warwickshire, county 
championship semi-finalists 
this season, will be part of a new 
sponsorship scheme to run over 
the next three years. Whitbread 
Flowers, the brewery, are to put 
£30,000 into the county and its 
club knock-out competition 
over that period, mirroring the 
agreement established with 
Gloucestershire last season. 

The brewery also sponsor the 
Gloucester dub and the exten- 
sion of their interest in rugby 
reflects their geographical bases 
in the Midlands and the West 
Country. Although the agree- 
ment is due to begin next 
September. Warwickshire will 
have new kit available for ibeir 
semi-final against Lancashire at 
Nuneaton on March 8. 

Graham Robbins, the 
Warwickshire rapiain, wel- 
comed the sponsorship as help- 
ing to provide an identity 
similar to that achieved so 
notably by the Midlands in the 
divisional championship in 
Decemeber. 

But the intention, as with so 
many low-key sponsorship deals 
this season, is to put money into 
the lower readies of the game. 


Wales on: 
England 
struggling 

Saturday's five nations inter- 
national between Wales and 


On top of the world: Azumah Nelson holds aloft tfeeWBC featherweight belt 

Nelson taunts McGuigan 


A - , . . iJdUUVIdy 9 live 1 MIIUI 13 Ulici- 

national between Wales and 
^ a of relief France at the National Stadium, 

STS2. Cardiff, wiU definitely go ahead 

they draw then - main strength — untes8 tben ^ a dramatic 

are no longer involved m the change in the weather before the 


the agreement will be made on 
Sunday when Solihull are due to 
play Old Ieamingtonians at 
Coventry’s Common Road 

K und, but support will filler 
k down to the smaller dubs 
throughout the county. 

The weather, of course, makes 
a postponement of the 
Warwickshire Cup final likely 
and it has played havoc with the 
preparation of all the county 
semi-finalists. Warwickshire’s 
game with Lancashire, and 
Kent's against Gloucestershire 
at Blackheath on foe same day, 
will be bumping op against 
postponed John 


cup. 

aty and ns The same is true of Kent and 
impemion Blackheath; the dub hope to 
-coring the p| a y their cup match with 
Kd with wasps this Sunday but the 
cason - . freeze seems likely to predude 
Donsorthe that with the possibility of a 

■ dash of loyalties foe following 

■ i y y weeken d- Warwickshire are due 
U fc w 65 10 announce foeir side on Sun- 

the west day while it would have been 
■ *•*!£ surprising if foe Anti-Assassins 
5? XV. whose game yesterday with 

“jre Cambridge University was can- 
e for their celled, had not induded several 
[“^reat members of foe Lancashire 
’■ team. 

ns, the The student competitions 
have been badly affected, too. 
The semi-finals of both foe 
- UAU and the British Poly- 
technics knock-out com- 
*5: - ,n ■ petitions are now scheduled for 
““P m next Wednesday, the original 
„ date for the final of foe Poly- 

h technics C“P- This has forced 

foe Polytechnics, reluctantly, to 
m ove their final to March 12 
_ . , the game, when it will clash with the UAU 

Th e official announcement of ^ fo* Hospitals Cup finals. 

m ^ e ® n The UAU are srin hopeful 
neoueto that tomorrow's game between 
the English Universities and foe 
Lh fiiJS Irish Universities will be played. 
HfiE «* is Planned for the Swop 
fier dubs Memorial Ground but there are 

' mairM contingency plans to take foe 
se. maxes game iq BristoL . 


Los Angeles (Renter) — : 

Azumah Nekw. of Ghana, re- ci. ■ 

tamed his World Boxing Com- dlDSOfl DODllllStCU 

champfe to meet Graham 

decimm over Marras Villasaira, Tony Sibson, foe former un- 
of Mexico, and then said he defeated champion, has been 
badly wanted to “whip'* foe nominated by the European 
WBAchampion Barry Boxing Union to meet Herol 
McGtngan. . _ Graham, of Sheffield, for foe 

European middleweight 


New cap dates 

Because of foe freezing 
weather the Hospitals Cup semi- 
finals at Richmond have been 
rearranged for next week - St 
Mary’s v Guy’s on Tuesday and 
St Thomas's v The London on 


Player Wednesday. 


POOLS. LIVERPOOL 


LITTLEWOODS 


THE BIGGEST POOLS 
LAYOUT OFALLTIME ! 


SHfRBDMANWHOWWS 


weekend. time since winning it fin 

However, the prospectsof a wOfredo Gomoin December InafaTt 

,984> tmmted McGuigaBwkh The 
England are scheduled to enter— insnltn. o, . ,k,* _ 

tain Ireland, ^refess bright, with vntaSa c«.W jeathbL SSJfolS 
workers involved in a desperate ~| ^iwavs her . oM 1101 
struggle against the dements. A becanse she doesn't want to fiiht on foe I 
preliminary decision will be me," Nelson said of McGniSn. « the 
made at lunchtune today but -‘This guy Marcos can heathim comer 
foeRugby FTOti^l Umon sec- 1, caa take m punch.’’ Ptwrinj 

retar y- Bob Weigfull has Nelson pounded foe WBCs top- *TTm 
warned that condiuons will ra nL^H contender with every- my no 
have to improve to guarantee a thing in his impressive araud, 

S tnsffSffftsws 

unlest there is a dramatic vgKmm attacked Nelson’s tad it 

tady throughout foe 12-round pfeasinj 
SjJS* been mforrae d of contest but the Ohio-based *“8 ««“ 

champion from Accra just »*Ni 
■ “ w as deci ded after an inspec- smag^. Nelson opened np a cut forte n 
non yesterday that the mound up » 

had thawed sufficiently for the 
match to go ahead. The pitch 
was covered earlier this week 

and four hot air Mowers were A 1 1 A ~1 

installed to help the defrosting ^ 1 1 ^ 

At Twickenham, workers 

were staying “just ahead of foe By 

E£ 3 K ST? AS 

S3 vssts EM 

game at lunchtime today. If we ^ of S2i 

leave the match on it will mean ^ ta 

more work right up to the kick- beate^fri 
off The forecast gives us hope of of 

an increase in ilmpexaturTto- ^ SSJt&Z 

morrow. I am quite optimistic matcbes^eJtre has beaten 


defending his title fo r foe second championship. They have given 
J™* s™* winning h from promoters until April 17 to 


ufoer make foe match. 

■with The bout is likely to go to 
even purse offers which means fin wifi 
not take place until the summer. 

tight on foe bridge oTVOlnmna^ nose 
i pn in foe cignth round and Ids 
t Mm corner andd not stop the Mood 
Kb." pouring down his lace, 
i top- “The Mood was coming out of 
very- my nose and I couldn’t see 
hmI, anything at all in the last four 
nver- rounds,” VOtasana said. “I still 
t foe tbonght I won the fight." 
r on- One of foe three jndgesscared 

the contest n draw but the others 
ion's tad it 116-113 and 116-112, 


“He came to take away foe 
tide and fought a great fight 1 
don’t know what that one official 
was watching, I should have won 
unanimously,'’ Nelson said. 

“We're tooidbog for McGuigan 
now. My managers are rmfknm 
hard to get the fight together, 
rim net going to kfllliim, rmjnst 
going to wMf faun like I did 
Villasana," Nelson bAM . 

The foie contest was the main 
event on a bill featuring ex- 
hibitions by former Mexican 
world champions ami theWBC 
lightweight champion, -Hector 
“Mach®" Camacho to aid of 
victims of last September’s 
earthquakes to Mexico City. 
Vfllasknm and Nelson gave half 
of foeir parses to foe cause. 

Ring farewell 

Paris (AP) — The three-times 
European heavweigbt champion. 
Laden Rodriguez, of France, 
has announced his retirement. 
Rodriguez, aged 34, had a 
profesfonal career record of 39 


go^d jum'p^ tat doubtful stay- Md 

&3 5 “R 5 ffc!?fE 2 E 5 

5 S 3 “™ s Si -w w 

adopted by Jim Dieaper with Monday • 

last year but fo» 

season the Collen femily have as a andwiteM^^T 
m ha«e a eo at the sevTial times figared aimragR 
» ta« , go a tne „„ miMr „ rtwGmd 

N ruk Ki l kilo wen’s National The slory com m enced 

aZS&SlSS&Et ^SSSSSS.'BS 

owners are true sporting types favoufgc at 3-1 IQ a M^Ufiner 
and so determined are they not — — —rfu,- 

K> be seduced into going for foe 
shorter race that they have 

instructed me not to bother £ i ^, I 5E'*E I ILSS2 
entering him in foe Whitbread Jhc bes 
Few horses have tackled the to be trmned m fretontf 
Liverpool fences with more <*nwnF. At 1 1 
gusto since foe days of foal great foough. the revival of foe Gmnd 
Australian horse. Crisp, than c ^ c lhS” 

Kilkilowen. who made much of E^en so tie timsBea fond, 

i!5J5Fij Subsequent Draper pfeetop : 

between the last two fences but neck hv £Sfo : HwR 

foe long run-in and foe con- 
c^ion ofso much weight fiwnd 

hjra O" 1 * hind Well To Do foe following 

In the last few strides be year. In the first of foose two 
surrendered second place to good performances. . Jim 
Knock Hill by a bead, the pair Dreapcr. as an amateur, was the 
being eight lengths adrift of rider of Black Secret. 

Smith's Man. Kilkilowen was «-» 

Dreaper said of that peribr- 
mancc "If there had been 
another couple of fences on the 
run-in. he would have been s<3 ^ e j ,” c !^ 1 ^ 

closer stiff" . Seveo^years yjgs 


The problem facing 
Kilkilowen at A intree wifi con- 
cern the conservation of his' 
stamina and in this matter the 
hone himself is no ally. As 
Dreaper. put. ic “When he is 
really wefi- in himself, he just 


The following year he set up 
as a trainer and while he has tfo* 
achieved quite foe same degree' 
of success as his father, be has. 
with lesser o pp ort unities; pro- 
duced some exciting jumpers. 
Seven years ago he -spotted the 
potential to KJfici&Mei as an 
unbroken three-year-old and 
bought him at Bafi&ridge for 
12.500 guineas. He has been a 
splendid money-spinner and bis 
current laity stands a -12 wfos 
over fences sod a burtfie victory, v 
this season. T .* 


No preparatory race 
for Badsworth Boy 

By Christopher Godding \ ■ 

Badsworth Boy, the winner of ditionafiy strong hAd at 
e Queen Mother Champion CbMtenham. Wayward Lhd and 


the Queen Mother Ctampaon 
Chase for the last three years, 
will have bo p re p a rator y race 


Cheltenham. Wayward 
Rightband Man will | 
up again for the Gold < 


before trying to achieve his other probable nmnexs are 


pleastog foe crowd bat astound- victories, 12 defeats and a draw. 
Ing some ringside observers who He held the European title 


fourth success hi the two-nriJe Bros tori Park, The Mighty Mac. 
contest at Chghenham next A Sure Row. PJanetnuu ud 
month. • Dan The MiBar. . 

The ll-year-okf griding has Rigbfoand Man, wha ctased 
recently come out of retirement home Forgive *n* Foreet to tost 
but plans to give hhn a run year’s Cheltenham Gold Cup, 


saw Nelson ahead by at least 
three rounds. 


TENNIS 


in te rmittently from May 1977 to 
November 1984. * 


All the way on hamburgers 


but plans to give hhn a run yen’s Cheltenham Gold Cup, 
before the Feaival have been -, has the Irish Grand National as 
npset by the bad weather. The his other main objective, 
last time Badsworth Boy ap- 
peared on a racecourse was at 
Cheltenham last year when be 
won foe Champion Chase by 10 
lengths from Far Bridge. 


By Rex Bellamy, Te&nis Correspondent 

One of yesterday's newspaper equally true of everybody else timately be in line for a Davis 
headlines read: Bergstrom is who has played Delaftre this Cup place, the domestic com- 
aiming to make big news. A few week. . petition not being all that hoL 

horns later foe lad in question, None of the 16 players who Lodder, who has been Dutch for 
uistian Bergstrom, of Sweden, began this Wallington tour- 19 years, hopes to be chosen for 


hours later foe lad to question, 
Christian Bergstrom, of Sweden, 
top seed in foe Lawn Tennis 
Association satellite “Masters" 
tournament at Wallington, was 
losing in straight sets to an 
unseeded Frenchman and incur- 
ring a warning, a penalty point 
and a nominal fine of S25 
(almost £17). 

Bergstrom, aged 18, was 


nament ranks among thegame’s • foe Davis Cup team this season. 
200 leading men but. the stan- Lodder is aggressive id every- 
datd of tennis has been high, thing except Ins reluctance to go 
The tournament director. John to the net He is also an 
Feaver, a former British Davis uninhibited commentator on 


TREBLE CHANCE PAYING 6 DIVIDENDS 


24 RTS £10,565-95 

23PTS £12705 

22V2PTS £32-97 

22 RTS £13-14 

21VZPT5 £3-48 

21 PTS £1-29 


VERNONS 


4 DRAWS £4-70 

10 HOMES £24-80 

4AWAY5 £25-45 

A h a w fl rihwrt iw— iurilBp 

Expenses and Commission 
8tti February 1986- 29-5% 

3K^5Te/.0272-272272 
(24hr. service) J 


POOLS. LIVERPOOL 



FIVE GOES A PENNY 
TREBLE CHANCE 
5 DIVIDENDS ONLY 

24 pts £2^31-10 

23 pts — £29-60 

22V4 pts £805 

22 pts £3*15 

21% pts £0-70 

Treble Ounce DMdends to Units at 


10 HOMES £1325 

(Nothing Barred) 

5 A WAYS £2-25 

(Nothing Barred) 


Above Dividends to Units of lOp. 
jjpcpfliHH and Commission lor 8th 
February 198632-9% 


LdL L r I i jwnr-gj 

TREBLE CHANCE POOL 4 draw £4.90 

^ 4 awavs.. £17.20 

4 super nn 

25J PK ... f9ftA( V. *» HOMES.... tJ.PU 

7r , Xj' Tf®. P«don2by3&2by1 

?3 Ptt .. ......... ... £0.80 ' goal margin 

**a~a*& b , toF« , n , wy taaa-ssB*, Above dividends 

&T5CLOAO to top unit*. 

« ...SCiJ: V ^ If you hav*crO««d out *■ Eight Nwnbors 

die I 7 121417 2122 

S J Vifllj CKO wawr. T tVTapnA i mJrws*. rL*, 


■ LOBPOftl EC1P1ZS 


that the game will go on. 

“The major problem is foe 
wind-chill effect. The sun is 
shining brightly, and normally 
in late February that would help 
to take the bone out of the 
ground, but any warming effect 
is cancelled out by the wind." 

Folly of a 

stop-gap 

captaincy 

By George Ace 

It was interesting to hear the 
former Irish full back Tony 
Ensor’s forthright radio com- 
ment on Ireland's defeat by 
Wales at Lansdowne Road 
when he said: “The captain 
must shoulder most of the 
blame." 

Eiisor is not the first to 
criticize Fitzgerald's leadership 
this season: it is an open secret 
that his retention as a player, let 
alone as a leader, was the subject 
of lengfoy debate before the 
team to meet Wales was finally 
announced. 

Harbison, foe Bective Rang- 
ers hooker, who took over from 
Fitzgerald after injury in the 
game against Wales in 1984 and 
kept bis place for the rest of the 
season, had a highly impressive 
inter-provincial campaign for 
Leinster. He is a fine striker iff 
the bail and an extremely active 
forward in foe loose. 

But the problem feeing the 
selectors was that with Philip 
Matthews sidelined by iqjury 
there was no readily available 
candidate for the captaincy and 
experience has proved that a 
stop-gap leader for a few games 
is not the answer. So Fitzgerald 
survived while his two front row 
colleagues floundered along 
with two other mem bets of the 
pack that was overwhelmed in 
Paris. 

It is against this background 
and despite a better if not wholly 
sustained allround forward dis- 
play against Wales that only the 
intrepid can attempt to reap 
financial gain from the out- 
come. Dawn Run in next 
month's Cheltenham Gold Cup 
represents, in most Irish eyes, a 
better bet than foe men in green 
at Twickenham on Saturday, 
even if they are pitched against a 
somewhat untried England 
team. 

The Irish pack holds foe key 
but there has been nothing to 
suggest in both games to date 
that they wifi fere any better in j 
the forward exchanges on Sat- , 
urday while the selection of 
Ralph Keyes as outside half in | 
preference to the in-form Tony , 
Ward was greeted with astonish- , 
mem in some quartets. , 


same age. In consecutive 
matches Driaitre has beaten 
three seeds in straight sets, 
which is good going for a player 
who began this five-week series 
as a first-round loser in a 
qualifying competition. In 
today's final Delaitre will play 
the second seed, Freddie Sauer, 
of the Netherlands, who beat 
another Dutchman. Jan Willem 
Lodder, by 64, 6-2 

Three weeks ago, at Bramhall 
in Cheshire, Sauer beat Delaitre 
in a semi -final. Evidently they 
found each other congenial 
company. This week they have 
been eating partners at a fast- 
food restaurant in Sutton. “It's 
funny", Sauer said yesterday. 
“With foe hamburgers and all 
that stuff we should have lost in 
the first round. Instead we got to 
foefinaL" 

Sauer is 5ft 9m tall, Delaitre 
5ft 7 ton, consequently neither 
is renowned for the nafc«i 
violence that wins easy points. 
The final is likely to feature crisp 
ground strokes and some engag- 
ing tactical patterns. Sauer 
should win but that has been 


Cup player who competed in a his own game and life in general, 
lot of satellite events towards When older and wiser be will 
the end of his career, said save bus breath for tennis, 
yesterday: “The satellites are a That brings ns bade to 
breeding groimd for foe dedi- Bergstrom. It was unfortunate 
cared professional and a five- that he chose to be naughty at a 
week series like this is a gruelling time when Alan Mills, who 
training scfaooL The standard referees at Wimbledon and has 
we are seeing this week is just returned from similar 
equivalent to that in a 550,000 chores in Florida, was telling me 
tournament four or five years that there had been “a si gnifi- 
ago.” cant improvement” in behav- 

Bcrgstrom incurred his warn- four in foe past two years or so. 
ing for “unsportsmanlike In each ox the past two years 
conduct", haying given voice to only a handful of players 
foe firm opinion foal the umpire been fined at Wimbledon, Mills 
came at the bottom of said, and in Florida the only 
Bergstrom's personal ranking “major incident" was the dis- 
taL Later Bergstrom was penal- qualification of Jimmy Con- 
ized a point and subsequently nors. • - 
fined for whacking a ball at the A significant development, 
service line judge. The match Mills suggested, was that lesser- 
ended with a second service known players could no longer 
which Delaitre returned as a feel that there was one set of 
powerful forehand winner. rales, for the elite few auc 

In the last few years Sauer has another set for the rest. The 
fiyod in South Africa, the general improvement he said 
United States and the Nether- had arisen from the pom) 
lands in turn. At WaUington, penalty system and from benei 
oddly, be has beaten a South officiating - a result of the 
African, an American and a training schools ran by the 
Dutchman in that order. It was council govenung the grand prix 
all so neat that it might have CircuiL “There is still a long way 
been scripted. But the final to go in uniformity of 
arrests the sequence because "nffinating", Mills jvMed 
Sauer has never lived in France. sbiimwul& - . . 

As a Dutch citizen (for almost B«ust^(Swe). & eTFsiSfM 
two months) Sauer may ut- « J Lodder (Netti), 


1 rVB~B wanr^v~»«a?1 lengths from Far Bridge. 
lUlU c' VI A - Monica Dickinson, his 
® trainer, said yesterday: “He hits 

lent had arthritis and bad feet for 

timately be y fee for, tfevis 

decent workmtohSn before the 
F n P I race as it is not i rifwl to go 

lodder, who has beep for suajght to flM»lK»nfi«m . wth<>nT 
19 years, hopes to be chosen for an outing" 

Despite tbe taish weather in 
Yorkshire, foe Harrwood team 
S i X K SS. ta lfcTX 0 S bera Japton the go. “We 
uninhibited commentator on have been taking them to the 


* ... 



-4V ! 

l- — 'fin. f-jt tii*- i 



beach at Redcar since the all- 
weather gallop became frozen 
over,” Mrs Dickinson said. 
’The fast time we worked on 
grass was when the Ascot meet- 



only a handful of players had . If a jockey misses the winning 

been fined at Wimbledon, Mills ride m this year’s Cheltenham 
said, told in Florida the only Gold Cup through injury, he 
“major incident” was the dis- will receive a consolation prize 
qualification of Jimmy Con- of £1 0,000 — almost double the 
nors. ■ sum which the winning jockey is 

A significant development, expected to collect. 

Mills suggested, was that lesser- The offer fry foe insurance 
known players could no longer broken, Richards, Longstaff 
feel that there was one set of follows the injury suffered by 
rales, for the elite few and John Francome before fast 
another set for the rest. The ycar’s Champion Hurdle. The 
general improvement he said, winning ride on See You Then 


mgtook place on February 5." Monica Dickinson: strong 
The stable will field its tra- - hand at Cheltenham - 

Brokers offer Another blank * 
£ 1 0,000 enp day as total 

compensation reaches 100 


rales, for the elite few and John Francome before fast 
another set for the rest. The yeaj^s Champfon Hurdle. The 
general improvement he said, winning ride on See You Then 
had arisen from the point wentto Steve Smith Eccies after 
penalty system and from better Francome's mount The Reject 
officiating - a result of the had fallen in the preceding Aride 
training schools ran by the Challenge Trophy. 


ooundljDyennng the grand prix A spokesman for the sponsors 
CircuiL “There is stfll a long way said: “We believe the figure is 
to go in uniformity of fair compensation for foe dis- 
offiejating” Mills added. appointment and loss of kudos 

5EMFFMM& o dbUM (fh m c f ?T tayfog missed foe winning 

Sfei£L" be “ 


Ambitious Widnes waive white flas 

wo mouths ago Whines were — ■ tem. rf _ O 


Dying distress signals and but- RUQBYLCAl 


fly selling Joe Lydon to Wigan niADV 

for a record fee of £l®8,@Gito 

avoid going oat of- tu temw MlnMacKin 

Now the dn§ are taHrfnp of 

raising £72<MMN) in an asabmons 

three-year plan to build a super- 1r Tirnuj in 1 
»*adinm at Nanghtoo Park wkh which hare 
a 3,000-scater grandstand, mtf- massive ban! 
fiaal turf; renuing teak and a drafts in the ! 
tefSure complex hadad^g sasmt Dubficsamw 
gywnasinm and indoor bowls. 

This M Mrt i i N* reversal of Oosc says: 


SFtaSfiTT*" wffl Mk ^ "P *» in comfort certaiJrdoes 
*? STOr . not seem excessir^ Yet Oose i 


amwer .questions, net seem excesrfre. Yet Owe I 

££n^JS^SSl. ni J * real * r *** Widnes directors^ 
j s toyed, dram up we 0 aware that Widnes has its 
s&natures and pledges. “We are stare of uemnkmnen- — - " I 
^ ■ Wt ; Oo«e says, shun at 


schemes in football and ruby 
which tare gone ahead with 
■rate bank leans and over- 
drafts in the hope ami belief that 
public support would follow. 


“For £10 a month a person will 
have a guaranteed, comfortable 
seat fa a modem stand with a 
perfect view of .the pitch at every 


well aware that Widnes has 
share aS MdapJoymeir 
stare of deep-rooted 
abont people who attempt 
extest money, no matter hi 
good the reason. 


This rewwirifcaMo reversal of Close says: “We do not pro- 
fortanes is qnickiy explained fry pose to do anythtag at all untS 
Ronnie Close, the Wkluea sec- we have got the money. To make 


retary. With Mot realism. 
Close says: “We are still in 
serious financial imfimiHff 
which were only temporarily 
aflevhtfed by the safe of Joe 
Lydon to Wigan. If ik public of 
Widnes do not support the 


it a viable proposition we need 

fe§,a0O^w3Seyeais before ra»y aroand the dub in a vital fVnnlrh A *■ 

we can envisage going ahead.** on “»* tranritfon pofot UOOKliam date ; 

leaflets outfining the pUn are most groands the irnGvidnsl The last realistic mri ,G«en, foe worid 

"emg distribmed throe^Wit the supporter era spmLaa avenge from Close: “If this oland^S “ n P! 0ll ’J , e«b an impressive 
wn, to companies, soriai chibs of £150 to watch a pmn* work, then we’nfe^’sSmS?™? for .tile first mtoor tfaree- 

adprivaie householders. A standing on tiwtenaces, the £10 the white flag agaie."*^^ ^ eventing competition of foe 

Choice by television stirs protest 

. « „ r VkJ1, ®Mty also includes Ginny Leqg 

By Keftjh Maddih Jta Einopran champion and 


v^d^h^lSTnotS ^taribtoed throogiout the 
Ae scheme is ^frely d^iendent householders, A 


“AU the new sporting and 
fefeure facilities wflj be n tap, 
and we are ph»mmg special 
fomOy areas, with redaced 
prices for cbaldren and peasfoo- 
ezs. In addition to indhidnxls 
taring foeir own seats, we are 
asking companies to make block 
bookings of complete rows." 

When it is considered that on 
most grounds the indiridml 
wpportw: era spesdan average 
of £2.56 to watch a paw 
standtog on foe terraces, the £10 


However, the fhtore of i 
Widnes duh, the most 

foi trophy-hnnriwg imi 

late seventies and 
would appear to 
squarely on the shoulders 


Tomorrow’s meeting at 
Haydock Paris became the I0(W» 
casualty of the National Hunt 
season yesterday as racing faced 
up to its third successive week of 
inactivity. With Newbury and 
South weC abandoned earlier in 
foe day, tomorrow wfll be the 
23id consecutive day without 
raring. 

^Prospects for Saturday are no 
bettw with all four courses 
holding inspections today. They 
are: Newbury (9J0tont Her- 
eford (10am). Haydock <noon> 
and Market Rosen (3.30pm). 

. The outlook is equally gloomy 
m Ire land where todays Tip- 
perary <aud has been postponed 
until Tuesday. Saturday’s 
Navan meeting is alzetoly in .J 
doubt but foe card could be 
““itched to Leopardstown'if foe 
latter course is fit for racing. 

IN BRIEF - 

Tour arranged 

universities are to 
visit Zimbabwe on an ambitious 
wwket tour from July 12 to 
August 12. The team wiU play 
ii m atches district and 

regwnal teams as well as the 
Mtiona l schools XX In prepara- 
tion for for tour, the Scottidi 
Ptey the scoi- 

u ? IOfl nntier=19 XI 
ra f^ e J’ *7 and { 

1 8 wall pfay a twtwlay match at A 
w i Andrews against London 
SjSSg 1 * Mfowrt by the 
fyTtah Umyereities tournament 


m the people of the town." 

The plan was produced bythe 
Widnes coach, Doug 
and its lotic and nAwtini 
are deceptively shnpfe. Widnes 
are asking su pp orte r s , whether 
individuals or companies, to 
pledge £10 a month for three 


Wigan and St Helens win 
protest to the Rugby i , j« gy e 
today over the derision to 
televise foeir Silk Cut Challenge 


tMwfc.. aJL . -I--.. ras’iw uibii <n» L.U 1 LAUWOSC 

Clip second round tie. The 
grandstand. The seat win bear c -w. r— c..- 


tite indhidiiars nanteand win be 
available for every borne first- 
team and reserve match, with 
free access to the sport in g and 
leisure facilities in foe complex 
to be boih below foe stand. 

It is a revolutionary scheme, 
becanse the work wiB only go 
ahead when the money is forth- 
coming from pledges, —wiu- 
other ground development 


match was scheduled for Sun- 
day. March 9. but it has been 
switched to Saturday. March S, 
to accommodate BBC Tele- 
vision. 

The dubs believe that a 


terafaat Twesddowa racecourse, 
Hampshire, on Man* 7-9. Tne 
«jjhy also includes Ginny Leng, ^ 
Sf ctampion aad 

ii'jyptc bronze medallist, 
Mark Todd, foe Oiympicdian£ 
gon from New Zeafand. and 


kick-off and the presence of manager, was fined £200 *«■ Mark?!Sw^ “f* 1 * 
television cameras. wfa| abiS^ £ foe^R^ST 

The roerial appeals commit- during foe Salford v 
“rfSfW sue will bear foe Allrincematch cm lanuary^f mSkuII^ ** ^ 
compfamt today, and if u is • Great Britain have ^r K . ram, l»- 

uphekl BKT TV may have to doubts concerning KeiflO the COflCh 

revert to tdevisujgtheirongmal for foe return w 


Jr*® and Captain 

Mark Phillips. 


revert to televising their original 
choice, the Oldham v Warring- 
ton second round match. . 

• The. question of an extension 
to foe season was deferred by a 


^L [ _5 be r /ymni international 
match against France (soon- 
^ by Whiforead Tro ^J 
Wigan on Saturday. Jeff 


Delhi (AP) _ 
Kerno. the double CHy 

medal winner from K 


pic grid 
iya, ifas 


crowd of 30,000 could have management committee meet- 
been expected for a Shnday jng yesterday and wfll be consid- 
game with a 3pm kick-off The end at a meeting of foe fell 
attendance will be much small- council ny** Wednesday, 
er. they coniend, with a 2.13pm • Kevin Ashcroft, foe Salford 


Burke, foe WidKub£dS ^^- Pl ° USb ^ m Switreri- 

9 nareinAjkil t ^ . * 


IJ3SML1** MauriS 

Bamfwd, the British com*, fa 


32 3 000™!??“ ^Mdio 







25 


iy lx5J> j 


V.,*: ' c n t? f > 

■ '*U !i r J?Vri ■ ^i'l 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 


S” l '- Vt 




‘to 


THE 


H 


,a « 



TIMES 


GENERAL APPOINTMENTS 


February 27, 1 986 


I have a message for British 
industry. The problem is 
being raised increasingly^ in 
a climate of brutally com- 
petitive international markets. 
Y eL the most dangerous element 
m the situation has been insuffi- 
ciently examined, as have those 
aspects which are grossly and 
tirelessly misrepresented. The best 
iwws of all. which I shall leave to 
the end. has scarcely been men- 
tioned. | 

, Risk analysis in business is here 
to stay — the (systematic research 
of existing and potential hazards, 
the deliberate calculated decision 
to accept certain risks and exclude 
others. Modem professional risk 
analysis has developed as a direct 
result of mutinationaJ activity, 
the internationalization of busi- 
ness. . j 

This has ixwurn made common- 
place the cala dated, decision to go 
ahead with an investment in a 
high-risk arth. where the presence 
of undoubted profits outweighs 
the less cerain materialization of 
possible daggers. This is a game of 
deliberate, calculated chance, rec- 
ognized- al such by companies, 
their operilives and shareholders. 

_ Yet the 1 same companies sanc- 
tion siimitaneousiy an interna- 
tional npdus operand, i far more 


perilous, containing hazards 
which are allowed to pass unex- 
amincd and unprovided for, in 
international areas of maximum 
risk. In fact, all the evidence 
suggests that the formidable risks 
incurred are in the main unrecog- 
nized. 

it is inconceivable that other- 
wise highly professional manage- 
ments. priding themselves on 
taking chances that are carefully 
calculated, would allow key per- 
sonnel to enter the arena of the 
ferociously competitive interna- 
tional market-place without the 
essential back-up of a first-class 
means of personal communica- 
tion and access to information. 
Yet this is the general pattern still 
prevailing in British industry to- 
day. 

This is the degree of irresponsi- 
ble negligence that is repeated 
every time a British company 
employs linguistically untrained 
or semi-trained operatives in ex- 
port markets, thereby entrusting 
vital tasks to those unable to 
understand anything (or suffi- 
cient) without outside assistance, 
which may not always be impar- 
tial. 

This is risk-taking in the area of 
personal communication capacity 
in a professional context. It is 


British business 
too often takes 
risks by ignoring 
foreign language 
training, says 
Adriana Matheson 



unacceptable under any circum- 
stances. it is totally at variance 
with professional standards. 

The risks involved are con- 
cerned with the most sensitive and 
decisive areas of export activity. 
In the first place, these monolin- 
gual operatives are unable to 
communicate or comprehend sig- 
nificantly, in person, in any 
language other than English. 

Secondly, they have no first- 
hand access to any information 
from foreign language sources, 
including foreign media sources. 
This last is particularly hazardous 
in developing countries. 

Thirdly, they are unable to 
check, in person, the precise 


,;r 

1 ■ J„\T 


content of any information re- 
ceived in another language. 

Fourthly, they are unable to 
check personally both versions of 
a contract drawn up in two 
languages. 

In short, on all fronts, these key 
people are out of touch, dependent 
on others and therefore vulnera- 
ble. 

In all the discussions I have had 
with British companies regarding 
the question of specialized lan- 
guage training, many admit their 
urgent need of it. others continue 
to shrug it off with what amounts 
to an acceptance of doing business 
from a standpoint of dangerous 
inferiority: “We can usually find 


someone who speaks English", or 
“Ail our contacts speak excellent 
English..." I am sure they do. 
Therefore they start with a consid- 
erable tactical advantage which 
should be taken away from Lhem 
at the earliest possible moment. 

Managements which 

countenenace this destructive lack 
of proper professional training are 
apparently blind to the dangers of 
relying on second-hand knowl- 
edge. whether it be that of their 
competitors or agents during dis- 
cussions. interpreters, who. partic- 
ularly in politically sensitive 
countries, may be of doubtful 
integrity and/or accuracy, or their 
secretaries' largely mythical so- 
called “working knowledge", 
whatever that may mean! 

Yet this loss-making situation 
which continues among a majority 
of UK companies — including the 
multinational that recently lost a 
massive contract in North Africa 
because of the refusal by the 
British management to accept the 
foreign government's condition of 
French as the operating language 
— this running sore of no means of 
communication is totally unneces- 
sary and for two veiy sound 
reasons. - 

FIRST, the development of 


effective language power is not a 
long-term exercise. It cannot be, if 
it is to be viably developed as an 
essential pan of the modem 
management package to which it 
belongs. With average ability and 
a starting point of basic “school" 
language, we are talking about a 
maximum training period of four 
weeks. 

Some achieve a high degree of 
fluency in considerably Jess, sup- 
ported by above-average ability — 
by no means uncommon among 
the British, contrary to belief — 
and course material designed and 
taught by those who are not only 
highly qualified and experienced 
both as linguists and teachers of 
language, but who possess also 
similar qualifications and experi- 
ence in the world of international 
business. The exercise is strictly 
results-oriented and time-orient- 
ed. 

SECONDLY, total success has 
been registered among 98 per cent 
of British executives undergoing 
such intensive training — ana most 
of them were middle-aged. 

The British are as capable as 
anyone else of operating with 
decisive success in other lan- 
guages, when they stop living in 


the past and really give themselves 
a chance. 

British management, so ready to 
spend vast sums on training in 
disciplines of palpably less urgen- 
cy, has no viable excuse to waste 
any more valuable lime before 
setting its linguistic house in order 
— in facing up to reality and 
ending this situation of commer- 
cial Russian roulette with its 
unacceptable long-term implica- 
tions. 

To do anything less is to render 
a major disservice to a company, 
its shareholders and those whose 
task it is to seek out and establish 
foreign markets, ill-equipped and 
untrained for this specialist activi- 
ty- 

It can be done. Numerous have 
proved h by succeeding, to quote 
one. "beyond my wildest 
expectations". It must be done, by 
individuals with company sup- 
port, if British industrial 
endeavour is not to remain outdis- 
tanced and eventually eclipsed by 
competitors less disposed to 
“muddle through". 

Dr Adriana Matheson. an asso- 
ciate of Executive Continuity Ltd. 
is an international consultant 
specializing in export marketing, 
industrial language and expatriate 
training 


Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 


— Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 


V < ' : 


■ 


.fin 


■* » 
r> 


: v 


HongkongBank 

COMPUTER AUDIT MANAGEMENT 

INTERNATIONAL BANKING- HONG KONG 

j C. £24,000 per annum tax-paid plus expatriate benefits. 

/ Hongkong Bank, one of the world's leading mtornatinnal banks, requites an experienced executive 
topll the position of Assistant Manager Computer Audit in its Hong Kong Head Office. This is an 
exceptional career opportunity with responsibilities covering the audit of the Group's EDP syst ems and 
installations throughout the world. 

Advanced and progressive systems in use anH under development including electronic hanking and 
global telecommunications network, provide a challenging working environment. Principal f unc ti ons of 
£ie Computer Audit Division are as follows: 


i — Monitoring of systems under development and advising on control implications. 

' — Auditing installations and systems. 

— Development of audit software and integrated audit programmes. 

The Assistant Manager will be involved in the day to day r unning of the division, will manage 
complex audit assignments and systems reviews which could involve up to 25% travel overseas mainly 
in the Asia Pacific region. 

Candidates should demonstrate a high level of technical expertise as well as having well developed 
audit skills. Knowledge of banking applications will be a distinct advantage as will familiarity with IBM 
mainframe anrf mini computers. 

The preferred candidate is likely to be a qualified chartered accountant, or else have a background 
in computer audit, management consultancy or system design with a proven track record. Essential 
personal qualities include excellent communication skills, management ability and a capacity to generate 
innovative ideas. 

Conditions of service are excellent In addition to the tax-paid salary indicated benefits include free 
fully furnished accommodation, a housing loan, six weeks' annual leave with a generous travel package, 
children's education allowance, holiday passages and end of contract gratuity. 

There will be an initial two year contract which may be converted to permanent employment by 
mutual agreement 

For further information please write to Malcolm EdgellFCA or Carol Saunders at our London 
address enclosing a cv and quoting reference 6058. 


Senior 

Contracts 

Officer 


to E15V4K 


Fambcrough 


Already one of Europe sUr^est computer systems companies. Software 
Sciences Limited is growing fast- Our success in meeting the needs of diverse 
clients, from consultancy through design to installation, is largely due to the 
efficient administration and professional management of project work. 

We now seek an experienced contracts professional for a senior role 
within both Software Sciences and its sister company. Thorn EMI Micrologic 
Limited. As well as handling dav-io-dav contractual arrangements for 
worldwide hardware and software sales, plus License. Distributor and Agent 
agreements, you will liaise closely with the Purchasing Department in 
monitoring all supply and OEM agreements. 

Aged 25 or over, you should be qualified in Law or Business Studies to 
HND or degree level and have at least four years’ experience in contracts work, 
ideally in a commercial environment. You must also be articulate, authoritative 
and able to work efficiently and effectively under pressure. 

In return, you’ll receive an excellent salary, enhanced by a range of 
large-company benefits. 

Fora genuine career opportunity in the industry of the future, contact 
Anne Thompson. Software Sciences Limited, Fambcrough, Hampshire GUM 7NB. 
TeL (0252) 544321. 



Software 


410 Strand, London WC2B ONS. TeL 01-836 9S01 
163a Bath Street, Glasgow G2 4SQ. Tel: 041-226 3101 
India Buildings, Water Street, Liverpool 12 OHA. Tel: 051-227 1412 
113/115 George Street, Edinburgh EH2 4JN. TeL 031-225 7744 
Brook House, 77 Fountain Street 
Manchester M2 2EE. Tel: 061-236 1553 



Dougks Uambias Asodoies Linked 
Accountancy & Management 
toauimentCorsuttanh 


LT CONSULTANTS 

ENERGY INDUSTRY- PACK AGE TO £30k 


BS0SHS3 

Invites all skilled and experienced 

LT. STRATEGY PLANNERS, 
APPIICAllONS/TECHMCAL CONSUHANTS, 
DATABASE EXPERTS 
AND PROJECT MANAGERS 

toon 

OPEN EVENING 

at the 

■ Berners Hotel, 

Berners Street, London W.1 
(Near Oxford Circus) 

on 

Wednesday 5th March or Thursday 6th March 

between 

1230 - 830pjn. 

Come and meet us orringCoSn Campbell 
on 01-5805599 formate information. 

OrR.S. VP. to Jane Blunt, Personnel 

^ Sdam Ltd., 49 Berners Street, London W1P4AQ aidasmgyourC V J 


Scjcorfs excellent reputation for 
provision of LT. expertise to the 
Energy Industry is based on the 
■ skill and enthusiasm of our 
consultancy teams, who tackle 
problems of enormous diversity in 
London, elsewhere in the UK. and 
overseas. 1o strengthen these 
teams, we are now seeking a 
number of specialists who should 
combine considerable I.T 
experience (preferably sained in 
the oil Industry or a related field) 
with the abilfty to communicate 
effectively and inspire confidence. 
They should also have the ambition 
to develop their skills, both in their 
own speciality and in other areas 
(we will provide every encourage- 
ment, plus excellent training) and 
toe mobility to sometimes work away 
from home, possibly overseas. 

If you are attracted by the idea of 
working with people of a like mind, 
in a professionally stimulating 
environment with good oppor- 
tunities for personal development 
and the full support of a dynamic 
and expanding organisation, come 
andtalktoScicon. 


Siciiic 


YOUNG FASHION BUYERS 

Style Your Own Range! 

To £15,000 + car 

Our UK. chain of 120+ ladles' fashion shops is expanding fast and the formula for 
this success Is built around our ability to continually provide our customers with 
up-to-the-minute fashion across a wide variety of product ranges. 

To help keep us at the forefront of the younger end of the market we now wish to 
appoint a number of suitably qualified, young and Innovative Buyers who can quickly 
demonstrate an Instinctive pair for the business and can assume responsibility fora 
particular product sector. 

Interested In talking to us? Then, you'll need to be commercial and intelligent with 
lots of drive - a degree or fashion diploma would be an added advantage. Aged 
early/mid twenties, you must have had at least two years' buy ing or design experience 
in ladles ' fashion. 

Based at our head office in the West End of London, you will be given every chance 
to develop your abilities to the full and can look forward to an excellent range of benefits 
which Include pension, private health care and staff discount. 

If you're confident adaptable, career orientated and certain you mate h our 
requirements, call me now or preferably write to me quoting reference ET1. Wendy teres. 
Personnel Controller. Etam pic. 137-193. Oxford Street, London W1R 2AN. TeL 01-137 5655. 



Your ICSA qualification 

plus our 

training 


msm 


Exchange 


...could lead to a rewarding career with The Stock Exchange. Our Quotations 
Department is responsible for assessing the suitability of candidates for admission 
to Listing and the Unlisted Securities Market wrth particular reference to the 
marketing, accounting and disclosure aspects. It also exercises the Council of The 
Stock Exchange’s responsibility as *Competent Authority’ for purposes of Listing. 
We are now looking for young people in the* mid -20s. who have relevant work 
I • • experience and have trained as Chartered Secretaries, to take on 
responsible roles in this highly Important area. 

You will be trained in the analysis of corporate finance proposals and related 
documents submitted by listed companies before issue to shareholders. The job 
calls for considerable skills and knowledge in order to maintain the highest 
standards of disclosure for shareholders and investors. It can also be very 
challenging and you will be dealing with a variety of people such as stockbrokers, 
company representatives and professional advisers. 

Starting salaries win range from £8.500 to £10.000 p.a. depending on your 
qualifications and experience, and benefits include a fully-paid season ticket, non- 
contributory pension scheme, BUPA and subsidised meals. Financial assistance wilt 
be given to those still studying for their professional qualification. 

If you feel that you can match the high standards we set for these positions and are 
seeking a rewarding career, please apply in writing, or telephone for an application 
form, to Elizabeth Fladey, Personnel Officer, The Slock Exchange. Old Broad Street 
London EC2N 1 HP. Telephone: 01-5B8 2355 (ext 28683). 


1 







JOBHUNTHtS- ■ 


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ai 


Quality Control 
Manager 

Salary Negotiable Company Car 

Belling and Company Limited is a successful 
private company with an established reputation 
as manufacturers of domestic electrical cooking 
appliances and are located in Enfield, North London. 

Following a reorganisation within the company we are 
now seeking to appoint a Quality Control Manager, who, 
reporting to the Production Director will have full responsibility 
for the Quality Control and Quality Assurance operations. 

Candidates must be able to demonstrate sound 
experience of Quality control functions together with 
experience of implementing procedures to achieve BS 5750 
in a competitive manufacturing environment. You will be 
aged 28-*- with an innovative approach to problem solving, 
accustomed to working under pressure and a proven ability 
to implement ideas effectively. Previous experience of line 
management essential. 

In return we offer a competitive salary plus a company 
car. Pension Scheme and BUPA membership. Please apply 
with detailed CV to Edward Runciman, Company Personnel 
Manager. Belling & Co. Ltd.. Bridge Works, Southbury 
Road, Enfield. Middlesex EN1 TUF. 




: v, •>;? i • 


CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF LONDON 



Tourism Manager 

Tower Bridge 
Salary up to £14,109 p.a. 

Tower Bridge is one of London's prime landmarks. The Bridge is also a 
major tourist attraction, visited by over 400,000 each year. 

The Corporation of the City or London believe there is still considerable 
potential to be developed and is looking for a commercially motivated 
Tourism Manager to develop this potential. The Tourism Manager wWt be 
directly responsible to the Bridgemaster for the formulation and imple- 
mentation of advertising and promotional policy, and will supervise the 
day-to-day running of the Exhibition, Museum and Gift shop including 
staff management 

He or she will be motivated by the marketing challenge which this major 
attraction offers. Previous managerial experience is essential preferably 
in a tourist or media environment 

Applications from employees of GLC or MCC's with relevant experience 
will be welcome. 

For further details and an application form, ring the City Engineer on 01- 
606 3030 ext 2553, or write to him at P.O. Box 270, Guildhall, London, 
EC2 p 2EJ. 

Closing date for applications Monday. 17th March. 1986. 


REPORTER 

N;, _ 

Radio * 
Lancashire 


£DI3£B 


LOCAL 

RADIO 


We are an equal 
opportunities employer 


Are you a young ambitious reporter 
with at least three years’ journalistic 
experience? If so. Radio Lancashire 
has a vacancy that may interest you. 
The work is primarily reporting, 
interviewing, bulletin writing and 
newsreading. Good microphone voice 
and current driving licence essential. 

Salary £8,520 - £10,125 plus allow- 
ance of £569 p.a. Based Blackburn. 
Relocation expenses considered. 

Contact us immediately for 
application form (quote ref. 9284/T 
and enclose s.a.e.) 

BBC Appointments, 

London W1 A 1 AA. TeL 01-927 5799. 


i ii 


Executive Manager 

c£H>,000-£18,000 + car Caldicot,S Wales 

A highly successful manufacturer of lingeri$Jor a well- 
known High Street quality chain wish to appoint an 
Executive Manager. You will have significant experience in 
the light sewing industry, work study, volume production 


offering an 


Works Manager 

c£ 16,000 + car + benefits 


Notts 


concrete tunnels and shaft linings in the world, You win 
head up the pre-cast nuuiel lining plant at Kirkby, 
employing around 200. Exceptional career prospects exist 
for the right candidate: ideally a graduate civil or structural 
en gin eer, with proven management skills and sound 
technical ability. 

. Contact: Christine Jordan. PER, Lambert House East, 
Clarendon Street, Nottingham NG1 5NS. 

TeL (0602) 41 978 L 


Quality Control Chemist [ Micrographic Sales Person 


c£ 10,500 + benefits package Essex 

My client, a leader in the explosives and related Geld, needs 
urgently to fill this key position at its operation in Harwich. 
Essex. As Ouality Control Chemist your prime task will he 
to ensure that the company’s products meet the highest 
quality standards. Given the nature of these products you 
wifi appreciate the tremendous financial ana safety 
responsibilities this job demands. If you area degree-level 
Chemist with working experience of quality control to a . 
recognised British Standard, and more importantly, believe 
vou can meet the challenge. 

Contact: Richard Jordan, PER, 4th Floor. Rex House. 

4-12 Regent Street, London SW1Y 4PP- 
TeL (01)930 3484 for a formal specification- 


Export Sales 
Representative 

Premier Waterproofing Systems 

c£9,500+car 

Due to retiremem/promotion, Ru hero id Building Products 
Ltd. the leading UK exporter in its field, seek a young, 
energetic Export Representative to be based at our Enfield 
Headquarters. Reporting to the Export Director, you will 
probably be 25 to 30. with a background in building 
materials. Some experience of the Middle East is essential 
although visits (maximum three to four weeks) may be 
necessary to any of our 704- overseas markets. 

Please telephone or write to: t 

Sue Giles, Personnel Manager. 1 

RuberohJ Building Products Ltd. 

Brimsdown, Enfield, Middx. 

TeL (01 )805 3434. 

(A member of the Rubernid 
Group of Companies. ) 


Good salary/benefits + car Berks 

Berkshire based - to cover the Southern Counties of 
England and Wales. Duties mil include demonstration of 
showroom equipment, after-sales training on installed 
equipment, manning exhibition stands and visiting 
prospective customers to evaluate needs. Candidates 
should be experienced in 35mm industrial systems, 
although candidates with a sales or tmerographte 
background will be considered. 

Please write, enclosing cv to: Personnel Department, 
Aarqne Svstems Ltd, PO Box 70, Blackthorne Road, 
CobibrooK Slough SL3 OAR 
or telephone for appfication 
form (0753) 68456Z //////i 


Vacuum Geaner Special!: 1 

Competitive salary + car Berkshire based 

Panasonic UK Ltd markets a unique range of domestic 
appliances -all with an established reputation for high 


now requires a dynamic manor woman to specialise in the 
marketing and sales of our vacuum cleaners. As wdl as 
having some responsibility for National Accounts, you will 
be involved in product development, sales promotion and 
advertising campaigns. Ideally you are aged 25-35 with . 
three to four years' experience of vacuum deaner sales and 
marketing. As you would expect, we offer a highly 
competitive salary plus good benefits and a company car. 
Relocation assistance will be considered. . 

For further information and an 


Sales Executive 

c£9,000 + comm + car South/East UK 

The company markets a unique cost control system 
applicable to every industry type. The expansion 
programme now underway necessitates an enlarged sales 
team. We require two representatives to cover arid develop 
the following areas. I ) South London and South East 


the toilow-uig areas. 1 ) South London and south hast 
England. 2) North London. Home Counties and North 
East England. We seek professional sales applicants, aged 
approximately 30-45. who are able to demonstrate 
commitment and resilience and who have a record of 
success in a testing environment. The position wdl suit a 
pioneering self-starter, knowledeeable in sales techniques, 
w ho can gain customer confidence at director level. Tne 
rewards include a high commission potential, the prospect 
of management status, plus health plan, life cover and a 
contributory pension scheme. 

Hease apply m writing with evtm The Managing Director, 
Pfetrocheque Limited, Lauristou House, Montpellier, 
Cheltenham. Glos. 


Area Sales Representative 

Basic + bonus + car EastMkflands 

To main tain and develop business with builders merchants, 
distributors and architects for Barking Grohe. an 
expanding brass manufacturer. Ability to sell Excellent 
package. 

CV to: VVG Chapman, Barking Grohe, 1 River Road. 
Barking. Essex 1G11 OHD. 


Product Co-Ordinator 

Attractive package ' Dartford 

The market leaders in the design and manufacture of 
Svstems Office Furniture have a vacancy for a Product 
Co-ordinator. Reporting to the Logistics Director you w-fi] 


delivery and installation schedules and will assume overall 


Electronic Design 
Engineer Devon 

Working as part of a small team within the recently formed 
Condition Monitoring Division - which has an advanced 
CAD system - you wifi be concerned with further 
development of a new range of unique products designed to 
provide vital information on incipient wear in oil- 
lubricated machinery TomakeafuD contribution, you will 
need a good honours degree in electronics together with at 
least three years' experience of micro-processor based 
design (preferably o 500 series), digital design usingTTL 
and CMOS series logic and analogue circuit design at dc 
and LF ( 10 MHz). Tne broad requirements reflea the 
company's approach to R&D where, as Design Engineer 
you will be responsible for all aspects oF a product's design 
from conception through to production. 

Send full cv to: Technical Director, r > ’ 

Gabriel Microwave | I 

Sjstems Limited, CimP Gabriel 

HeathfieM, Newton Abbot, HHH 

Devon TQ12 7X11 


28/40. will have a sound knowledge of computerised 
systems, good organisational and management ability and 
will be required to control liaison with the sales force, 
manufacturing management and the company's Installation 
Manager. This position carries an attractive salary together 
with usual benefits associated with a large organisation. 
Send cv to: Mr R E Webb, 

Personnel Manager. 

JSS £* W Vickers Furniture 

PO Box 10, Dartford, W 

Kent DA 1 1NY. ▼ 


Sales Manager - UK 

Competitive salary package Notts based 

ka§erin supp^gheating systems to indu^?has created 
the need for an ambitious ana highly motivated sales 
professional with a proven managerial background in 
sellinga technical product to industry. Five figure salary 
package includes commission and quality car. 

Contact: Pam Stickney, PER, Lambert House East, 
Clarendon Street, Nottingham NGI 5NS. 

Teh (0602) 419781 for farther details. 



Key Accounts Executive 

c£12,000 -f bonus + car . , . 

Cambridgeshire based 

bvrafl-Fifloiaprim Dratted is an exciting new compam; 


Lo the horticultural trade. 




Office Manager 

Negotiable salary C London 

W? are a leading firm of Chartered Surveyors w th 
q ihst anriaL mriSero offices in the West End andlheCiiy. 

We require an Assistant Office Services Manner w hose 
responsibilities will include the smooth and cwaeffectivL- 
runningof the Berkeley Square office. There arelSO staff 
in the office anda substantial dement of high lev! client 
entertaining takes place- AppBcams. aged to 45 „ hould 
have exrensrabiaidmg ma na gement experien c e fa a 
si m i lar prestigious environment and the jne&enoe squired 
toco-ordinate the demands of aprofessioaal staff. 

Please write with a cv to: Jeff Booth, Personnel Mmager. 
Richard Effis, Chartered Surveyors. 64 Gorabffi. Landon 
EC3V3PS. . 


Electrical Engineer 

BICC EiectronicCables. which is responsible for the 
design and manufacture of a comprehensive range of tables 
for use in the expancfingdecwmics market is searing i 
qualified Electrical Engineer to join its Works Services 
Management team. Tins is an ideal o pp or tu ni t y for a none 
engineer to move into plant maintenance managemeritThe 
successful candidate will be responsible for the 
oigamsation of efficient maintenance of electrica! and 
electronic plant, control equipment and isanmientaiioc 
together nub the maintenance of HV andLV factory 
distribution systems- In addition, he/ she iiff be required p 
introduce and control a cwnptehensrvc rianned 
maintenance system covering mixed tracts. Applicants, 
preferably in the are range 25-35 veais. n us oetgiafified 
in electrical/ electronics engineering to depec leva, and 
have at least 6ve years' previous experience m plant 
engineering environment. Previous staff-management 
experience will be an advantage. We can oficr a competitive 
saury and benefits package with idocaiionassistance 
available if appropriate. 

Please apply, giving sufficient information f» mxfce an 
applioroon form unnecessary; to: \IrKJ BctLPenoaad . 
Manager. BICC Electronic Cables Limrte<L t fclsby ’Works, 
Chester Road, Hefeby, Cheshire WA60DJ. . 


BICC 


BICC Ele c tron ic Cables 



have had previous office supervisory experie n ce; be 
familiar with computerised svstems together with th 
aptitude to use/apply computers as management toes. 
Send fafl. cv to*. Susan Botiec, PER, 3 19/327 ChiswSt 
High Road, London W4 4 HR 


Sales Administrator 

Attractive salary Dartford, fent 

Are you an experienced Sales Administrator who has le 
ability to support the activities ofa sales oreanbation? Iso 
then my client is looking for you. A market leader in the 
m anufacture of cartoning machinery, they have an envialc 
reputation of success in me UK and overseas. The positm 
demands a good communicator, preferably aged 30-35 
who is able to provide an effective, professional back-urn 
their sales activities. The company offer a competitive ' 


Sena fuflev to: Dawn White, PER. London House, 
5 London Rood, Maidstone ME 16 8HR. 




an— I I— 


llBli 


• * «(-■ ' • * « a * 1 1 





ExhibitionA^isitors’ Viewing Area 

Salary range £13,907 - £20,860 + £1,400 London Weighting p.a. 




CREDIT ANALYSIS 
CITY 
£18,500 

Our clicni. a North 
American Bank. hjK 
idcnufitfd (he need for a 
Credit Analyst within a 
small, high prolilvd 
Ji'panmcm. Initial re- 
‘■ponsibiliiiL-s will be lo 

pmyrde iuppon for 2 

vnior Client Managers 
“hn market to I'K mut- 
unatioruK. Exa-lk'ni 
nnxiwis indudo dcvcl- 
"Tmcm into a marketing 
roh.-. Ref SM2047. 

| Manaftrmcm PtniiniKl 

1 2 Swallow Place. 

! London WlR 


Financial 
Economic & 
Planning 
Consultants 
-seek 

economists 

■k/Yrdl? vTvfottte Voting CMF 1 
I ^ e-y***y 1C*-* 

oc i rrmi 

mijn 7 ciucncw: «n*; 

C.-f'- A . 



wi nta. m ,, mu ma arm. 


i wai a 


PWOZCH FOOB 

nrptpTWv with knmulnow m 
irwrkPiina rnmiml la work lull 
or pail lliw le ptcmelv ■ now 
priwturt m Itv L K Ptoavjpplv 
la All#- Food* LTD PO BOV 
toe London SW1P IHBiCIl 
BSB-SPSVi 


A WINNING PERSONALITY 

could earn you 02.000 m yourhrsi year plus 
an ejrae/fe/r: learning. £9.000 (negotiable 
regulated canvngs senemei early management 
opportunities ana the backing of a £ 4 billion 
international group If you have dnue. mmauve 
good communicative skiffs, it's an excellent 
career move - take n Phone tor details 
01 222 0447/9 



















TIT 

^ 

E 

1 

0 


Lloyd s of London will shortly be moving into its new 
headquarters building in the City of London. 

The new building will incorporate a unique Exhibition and 
Visitors' Viewing Area which will be open to the public. 

We are looking for a person with flair, communicative 
and organisational skills to promote and develop the use 
of the new facility to a worldwide audience. 

Ideally, the successful applicant will have a marketina 
background and have some knowledge of the City of 
London and the London insurance market. 

The competitive benefits package includes an annual 
bonus, non-contributory pension scheme, memberehin 
of P PP, season ticket loan and staff restaurant facilities. 

Hease write enclosing a full C.V. to: The Personnel 
Manager, Corporation of Lloyd s, London HonT c 
Umdon Street London EC3R 7Ab! 
be received by 12th March 1986. , snouW 


OF LONDON 




DRAKES 

Waiting Staff 
Bar Person 
Cashier 

Required (or Ihtv lull Urn* 
pwlwm o> it* taw Eii 
ftlptt RnlMMBl In 

Chrtn Good enakrn En 

(UP MWiliJl and remain 
imirnm rreuuM 


Campbell Porter 
584 4555/6669 


Cl 0.000 I BillHII Cum died. 

env PraH^lKKWU CO. dao 7807 
■ Cnredith BitmuiwI Rw Cam. 


A vacancy has arum for. 
a trainee broker. Tbc 
succv»Tul appjtcam will 
be aged 23+ and of a 
smart appearance. No 
previous experience nec- 
cssarv os full raining 
given. For a confident ial 
imcrvjcw ring Alan Biggs 
on: 

01-283 6827 


DUFF a THarm NOM& Ass*. 
LK 1 ! MOUMCT. za*. Hr ihnr 
Oxford «N<KWlc«*n with opocul 
p-xMHKilutty (or dMlowna nro 
Dorod food and rhmr Min. 
Oood r»«ung ■kUta. and retail 
nperlrpcc *M*oUdl. Run 01- 
<07 2TTO. 


DUFF* THU I IU W **d i i «n *n- 
ihiaUMlir Id M yr OKI (Or irmr 

CILv dWnL*m»on. KMwi lalMi-U 
m load - aim jmple. awnual 
Rtno 01 tar 2770. 


IHC CHUJU OCMCM Co X**lr 

ramwnil and urmriuadM- 

udi wr llmr - taw CMHn 
man ■ Aoprrrtadoo of Oood 
ftoUm ewnlwl. Ol SH 




Redundant? Just , ookj 

































TO JOIN A LONDON-BASED PROFESSIONAL group which is responsible 
FOB TECHNICAL ADVICE ON THE EXPORT OP A WIDE RANGE OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY 
ITEMS. 

YOU WILL BE INW7LVED IN ADVISING UK INDUSTRY AND GCVEHNMENT 
Depar tments on the technical assessment fob export of electronic 
SYSTEMS, EQUIPMENT AND THEM TECHNOLOGIES, PARTICULAHLY ELECTRONIC 
OGTItUMEMTS, COMPUTERS, OPTO- ELECTRONICS, SEMI-CONDUCTORS INCLUDING 
MATERIALS, DEVICES, COMPONENTS AND ASSOCIATED PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT. 

This can inojjde armadillo the Department op Trade and Industry at 

MEETINGS BOTH AT HOME AND ABROAD ON TECHNICAL MATTERS RELATING TO 
INTERNATIONAL EXPORT CONTROLS. 

YOU SHOULD HAIE A DECREE IN ELECTHKAL/ELECrROmC ENGINEERING, 
COMPUTER SCIENCE OR APPLIED PHYSICS OR HAVE PASSED THE ENGINEERING 

Council's Burr 2 examination in appropriate subject or have an equivalent 
OS HIGHER ACCEPTABLE QUALIFICATION. IN ADDITION, YOU SHOULD BE A CHARTERED 
Engineer with several tears' professional experience. You must have an 

UP-TO-DATE KNOWLEDGE OP COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANDTH5 USE OF MICROPROCESSORS. 
A KNCWLEDGB OT ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTATION, SEMI-CONDUCTORS AND RELATED 
BQUIPMENT IS DESIRABLE. 

Starting salary £12,445-£I5,025 (including £1365 Inner London 
Weighting) according to qualifications and experience. In addition, these 
POSTS ATTRACT AS ALLONRNCE OF UP TO £1900, SIGNIFICANT IMPROVEMENTS IN PAST 
SCALES WOi TAKE PLACE OtfER THE NBCT 3 YEARS - IN ADDITION TO NORMAL ANNUAL 
PAST INCREASES. 

RELOCATION EXPENSES MAYBE AA1LABLE. 

R3B FURTHER DETAILS AND AN APPLICATION FORM (TO BE RETURNED BY 
21 March 1986) write to Civil Service CoaiMEgaoN, Alenoon Link, Basingstoke, 
Hants 8321 1JB. os telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 (answering service 

OPERATE OUTSIDE OFFICE HOURS). 

Please quote Ref: T/6780. 

THB CIVIL SERVICE 15 AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER 


DEPARTMENT OF 

TRADE & INDUSTRY 



IL^I MIAULS Mijs' 





.yVv; 1 ^ 


m 


'■ $ 5 M 

/ 





fi 

'$$$■: “I;* ' ••' v; ' 

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V- 

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ROE£RT CHUCK VIRGINIA FORTESCUE 

PnaTCiis Occupation. Civil Servant At Mariowe-Sachs I fed 1 have found my niche. Here 

"Tbepvil Service was interesting but promotion I'm paid well, retain my hard-earned independence 

was Slow. Here the harder you work, the sooner and look to my main Interest -making money for 

you get to the top!" investors. . 


Madowe Sachs are intermediaries in the field of Unit Truss* Pensions. Investments (onshore 
and offshore), and Insurance We are expanding our sales operation and require intelligent 
energetic Individuals aged 25-40 for our Head Office in the City. 

I lyr I Marlowe Sachs LomfonEClN^ 1 — 

- 1 ™- 13:01-242 2420 


Executive 

Assistant 

i 

Assistant Director's Office 

Consumers' Association is looking for 
someone to cover this post initially on a 
6-month contract while the job-holder Is on- 
maternity leave The post is partly executive, 
partly administrative, the most demanding 
duty being the handling of all corres- 
pondence and representations from manu- 
facturers and other interested parties arising 
■from reports published in the magazines. 
There «. in addition, a wide range of res- 
’ponsi&Hities associated with the general 
.■function of running the Assistant Director's 
Office and giving hum administratrve support 

This position demands someone with a gift 
; for words, and in particular for writing tetters; 
i someone tactful and persuasive on the 
phone and on paper; someone highty 
organised and able to switch tram subject to 
subject without fussing. A good general 
education (to : at least A level standard) is 
essential 

Starting salary around £1 0.000 p.a. 

Pteese apply wfth fufl CV to the Personnel 
Officer, Consumers' Association, 14 
BucMnglmm Street, London, WC2H6DS. 




Field Officer 

Self Employed 

Cornwall 

The Country Landowners’ Association 

The CLA is a vrel astflbfehed organisation which represents 
the ownere of rural land In Engand and Wales. It has 80 staff 
based in its London HQ and to th» regions, serving some 
43.000 members. 

You w» work ctaoetywtth the Regional Secretary and PiOBc 
Rotations Officer and report to the Regfenal Director at HQ. 
Your toy task wfl be to recruit new CLA Members in yow 
area. Members range from land owning individuate or 
buanassas to land agents and other profess io nals 
interested to the wortc of the Assoctation. 

Candidates, preferably aged 4D+-, must have art appractaticn 
of farming «id cowitry Sfe. A taxjeAedge of the area and 
some sales a x padenoa would be an advantage. As you wM 
be wortong ana commteskn baateseif motivation fe essential. 

Please wrtte - in confi de nce - for further detefe and tm 
application fern) {or telephone 730 7749) to Lesley GHord ref. 
A-20199. 

: ThtsappotMmen ts open to men and women 
HAY-MSL Setet&on and Advertising Limited, 
52 Grosvenor Gardens, London SW1W 0AW. 

CtSbas in Europe, ffwAnsncas. Aumfeste and Asia Pacific. 




MANAGEMENT SELECTION 


wtw^rTXjkeonHfeapieaxtfrltAmoriffi 
devetopingourpG<iTionertfAa30uw^ 
Division. Our progressive expanswn depends on 
our reputation for predicting o flrsr dess service. 
QuawiesofdeienTiincrcri and professfonotem 
wifi be looted for inthesuctestfulopplicQnt In 
oddtttaaoppto3«5musrhoveorleQsrl8 - 
months' conaAoncy experience, fnrennrt'w^ ■ 
offer o negotiable salary fogefherwifh o 
generous commission scheme. 

Apply in writing (oppBconons wfl be treated in 
jmcrest confidence). . - 

ANTONY DUNLOD 

^cnwtttHcwwouewiw «*oa wffl ■ 

«JERMlW5mro4flWON^d» 
TH;Q*-te39<M7f -&WCCA0IUY , 


ill 


ASSISTANT MANAGER 

Customer Service 

ctuirtee Lens fit Co. Ltd. - publishers - have a 
vacancy for an Assistant Manager In the Cus- 
tomer Service Department detains with special 
Editions. The post bon requires the ability to 
work under pressure, long hours when neces- 
sary. and involves the supervision at 8 - 9 staff. 

This is an Ideal opportunity for a progressive, 
forward- UtinKing individual, ideally In their 
mid 20 ’s. to move Into Ute junior management 
area and to join a dynamic and expanding Oom> 
pany. Salary will be by negotiation, according 
to age. experience and uuaUflcatiods. 

Please y«nd a full CV. including current salary, 
lo; 

Personnel Administration 
Charles Letts & Co Ltd, 
Diary House, Borough Road, 
London SE1 1DW 


A CHANGE 
OF CAREER 


A Firm rommUinmt to de- 
velop your career uuk 
wtul AUted Dunbar Is cur 
renuy offering to men and 
women who are equally 
conunattrd to wrms 
Las year alone we scent 
oierLS million on naming 
programmes for our Sam 
Associates and many of 
them went on lo n-aj me 
rewards 

For an Interview or fur- 
ther details cam 

Me Iffrnd e w M-«37 


OMi m tB Newbury a Chi 
inu Sown. 



RECRUITMENT CONSULTANTS 

35 New Broad Street, London EC2M 1NH 
Tbl:01-588 3BB8or 01-588 3576 
Telex No. S87374 Fax No. 01-638 9816 


Pro s pect s to advance to position of Personnel Manager within 1-2 years- 

V PERSONNEL EXECUTIVE - 
COMPENSATION AND BENEFITS SPECIALIST 

CITY UP TO £20,000 

WHOLLY OWNED MERCHANT BANKING SUBSIDIARY OF MAJOR EUROPEAN BANK 

Vfejnvteappfirertion8 from numerate personnel professionals in their mid to late 20’s, graduate or equivalent, who must have had at 
least 3 years' de ma ne fi ng experience in merrtrantylnternationa] hanking, spec ia lising in state-of-the-art compensation and benefits 
packages. Any additional broader personnel experience w9 be an advantage. The selected canddate, who wi» report to the 
Personnel Director, wi be totally responses for afi aspects of the bank's compensation and benefits poScy and acknlrtotration; 
induing payroll mortgages, pensions and partidtiariy the latest compensation techniques. Essential qualities are assertiveness, the 
abttty lo use lateral thought and to brevj a creative and positive approach to compensation matters. A 'rofl-up-steeves’ attitude is 
vnportanL Initial salary negotiable to c. £20,000 plus performance related bonus, preferential mortgage tadflties, non-contrlbutory 
pension, free He assurance and PPP. Applications in sttict confidence under reference PE17566flT wffl be forwarded unopened to 
our dient unless included in a list of complies to wtech they should not be sent marked lor me attention of the Security Manager 


CAHPBBLJOHKSnM BECRMIMBT ttVSnSMB IMIBK, 35 KW 8R0M STREET, UWOfi EC2M1ML 


POST VACANCIES 
AT HEADQUARTERS 
ALLIED FORCES 
SOUTHERN EUROPE 
(NATO) 

POSITION “A”: SENIOR TECHNICIAN 
(WIDEBAND/TELETRA). 

GRADE B4. 

Baskr Monthly Salary 
fT LIRE 2.110.000 
Plus authorized 
Allowances. Tax Free. 

POSITION *‘8”: SENIOR TECHNICIAN (SATCOME 
R/F). GRADE B4. 

Tax Free salary and allowances 
as above. 

POSITION “C”: SENIOR TECHNICIAN (SATCOM 
MUX). GRADE B4. 

Tax Free salary and allowances as 
above. 

POSITION “D”: SENIOR TECHNICIAN (SATCOM 
DATA EQUIPMENT). GRADE B4. 
Tax Free salary and aBowances 
as above 

POSITION “E” : PRINCIPAL TECHNICIAN (TEST 
EQUIPMENT). GRADE B5. 

Basic Salary IT URE Z42a00 
Plus authonsed alowanoea. 

Tax Free. 

POSTTION “P": PRINCIPAL TECHNICIAN 

(CALIBRATION). GRADE B6. 

Basic monthly salary 
FT LIRE 2.800.000 
Plus authrxtzed aflowances. 

Tax Free. 

POSITION “G”: PRINCIPAL TECHNICIAN 

(CAMPS/SCARS II) GRADE B5. 
Bask: monthly salary 
IT URE 2^20.000 
Plus authorized aUowwices. 

Tax Free. 

POSITION u H n : PRINCIPAL TECHNICIAN 

(SATCOM MUX) GRADE B5. 

Tax free salary and aUowanoes as 
above. 

POSITION “I": PRINCIPAL TECHNICIAN 

(SATCOM R/F). GRADE B5. 

Tax free salary and allowances as 
above. 

POSITION “J”: PRINCIPAL TECHNICIAN 
(HF RADIO). GRADE B5. 

Tax free salary and aBowances as 
above. 

POSITION “V: ASSISTANT 

TELECOMMUNICATIONS 
ENGINEER (MOBILE 
MAINTENANCE TEAM) 

GRADE AZ 
Basic monthly salary 
IT URE 2j6G6,108. 

Phis authorized allowances. 

Tax Free. 

POSITION “L**: ASSISTANT 

TELECOMMUNICATIONS 
- ENGINEER SOFTWARE 
DEVELOPMENT AND • 
MAINTENANCE) GRADE A2. 

Tax Free Salary and AUowanoes as 
above. 

Very good knowledge of EngBsh, 
requirements: both spoken and written. HaSan 
language is highly desirable. 

It is vetv important that candidates submit a de- 
tailed. Curriculum in English citing Education, 
Qualifications. 

Work experience and “position" desired, to the 
following address not later than 20 March 1966. 
Can (081) 7212223 for additional information: 

Civilian Personnel Branch, 

Panda Division - HOS. Afsouth, 
80125 BAGNOL1, 

NAPLES, ITALY. 


POSITION “I": 


NCnOCOMUISUEBSSCCEIY 


General 

Secretary 


NOCUS (The Nord Computer Users Society) Is the 
usergroup of Europe’s fastest growing mini computer 
manufacturers. Norsk Data. Due to expansion we 
wish to appoint a General Secretary to heed our Sec- 
retariat In Oslo. 

The post is a new one- and offers an in ter est in g 
variety of work in a growing industry. We are looking 
tor a person with the drive and abStles to continue the 
rapid expansion of ot r activities and membership. 

• Proven management sfcffls. 

• A fluency in both spoken and written EngBsh 
and a Scandinavian language. Other languages 
would be useful. 

• The aWWy to plan and sat up large confer- 
ences. This wS involve many abfflties ranging 
from negotiating with conference centre s to 
speaking in front of the co n f e rence. 

• An awareness of Norsk Data products. 

For further infor ma tion, and an app&cation form, 
contact C J Leslie (Chairman. Hocus), c/o Com- 
puter Centre. University ot Reading, WhKeknights, 
FleaiSng, England, as soon as possible, it is antici- 
pated that interviews wifi be held in Oslo during 
April 


Career Opportunities 
in 

COMPUTER RECRUITMENT 

Wc air Compuvac Personnel Services, a 
highly respected and long cstaUished- 
Rccru it merit Consultancy. 

In keeping with . our continued growth, we are 
seeking two exceptional individuals to share in 
our success. 

Successful candidates will probably be of- 
G rad irate standard, have a true desire to 
succeed and have a genuine inferesi in the 
Computer industry. Personal qualities are 
more important than experience. They win 
find high standards of achievement, a demand- 
ing but informal environment and a rewarding 
career. 

To find out more, ring in the first instance 


more, ring in the fi 

MARTIN BARRY 


81-25? 5042 

or send adetailed CV for his attention. 






£25-30,000 p.a. O.T.E + Car + Benefits 

Intercity Consultants are one of the leading UK consultancies for the 
supply of contract software personnel. As part of a planned 
diversification of its London based business we currently seek 
someone to spearhead the opening of a new permanent recruitment 
division. 

This will be no relaxed management position. It will require both 
good recruitment and interpersonal skills together with tne necessary 
dynamism and drive to market our new services. Applicants in the 
age range of 25-35 must be able to show evidence of large scale 
recruitment in a ‘high tech’ environment, demonstrate the necessary 
qualities to work in a marketing role and combine this with a total 
commitment to their and our future success. This may have been 
within an existing consultancy or an organisation with large systems 
departments. 

The rewards as indicated will be substantial, based on achieving a 
realistic business plan derived horn a basic salary and excellent profit 
sharing scheme with no upper limit 

We have always utilised sophisticated computer and office 
automation techniques and are currently installing a new IBM 
System 36 to replace and upgrade our existing bespoke software. Our 
environment therefore provides the opportunity for people to realise 
their full potential in this demanding role. 

Please write with full details to: Mr M. Waite. 


<fc 


intercity consultants 


International House, 
World Trade Centre, 
London El 9UN 


PRESS OFFICER 

£14,000-£17,000 


Due to our expanding workload, we are 
recruiting a Press Officer to join the PubOc 
Affaire Department 

A first priority will be dealing with enquiries 
from the British and International Press and 
other media on all matters relating to the 
activities of the Stock Exchange. 

Other tasks will include drafting press 
releases, providing copy for placed articles, 
interpreting Ctxinci policy and Raising 
dosely with afl departments of the Stock 
Exchange. 

Importance wffl be attached to dear, 
concise communication skSs and the ab®ty 
to grow with the job in this often pressurised 
and demarxSng envtonment, where 
flextoiSty of approach and Initiative are 
essential 


Aged under 30, you are Gkely to be a 
graduate with at least two years’ 
experience as a Press/PR officer in a large 
commefdai organisation, ideally with a 
knowledge of the financial sector. 

This excellent career opportunity offers a 
starting salary between £14,000-£1 7,000 
end a benefits package to include a fully 
paid season ticket scheme, non- 
contributory pension scheme and BUPA. 
Please apply with your full career details 
to Jen Ross, Senior Personnel Officer, 
The Stock Exchange, OM Broad Street, 
London EC2N1HP. 


Head of Library & 
Information Department 

Salary c.£ 18,000 

A large professional firm wish to appoint an 
experienced information manager to take 
overall charge of running this busy department. 

You will have responsibility for supervision of 
both the library and information functions. The 
professionally qualified and highly motivated 
staff currently consist of a librarian, two assistant 
librarians and a secretary. 

Other responsibilities will include further 
development and exploitation of the firm's 
internal information resources and the 
implementation of computerised in house 
information retrieval sysrems. 

Preference -will be given to candidates who are 
chartered librarians, and who have several years’ 
experience of working in a library. 

Please apply with full curriculum vitae to:- 
Box No. CI6 








THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 


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RALAPPO 


RECRUITMENT SALES CONSULTANTS c. £20,000 

RECRUITMENT PROJECT CONSULTANTS c. £18,000 

Are you acknowledged by your superiors as an- asset to your company? 
Someone who sees obstacles 'as challenges to be met and overcome, and who 
has the detemrinaiion. stamina and seH*moiivawm to keep the chase going until 
victory is achieved 7 A c o nvi n cing presenter of tacts, a skilled and shrewd 
negotiator, teen 10 go on developing his/her own professional excellence to 
successfully meet the demands of an evolving market? 

Would you like to join a dedicated elite of enthusiastic professionals and help us 


We know what to do and how to do it 
What we need Is more winners in our team. 

So, If you have the right personality and management experience, we wid show 
you the technique and. together, make a formidable combination. 

We are already the leading specialist in senior management recruitment for the 
physical distribution sector, firmly established as providers of fun recruitment 
services for permanent and temporary management throughout the UK. 

w® started a new expansion phase last Autumn aimed at extending our already 
long hst of blue chip clients and our range of specialised recruitment services. 

Our market; the successfu 1 senior deoaon-maters and pace-setters of f m.c.g. 
and distribution industries who value efficiency and speed. 

Sounds fil ter e ati n g ? Follow your Instinct! 

Please introduce yourself in confidence by writing to: 

Josiane Wileman (lira). FECI, F.lnsLD- Managing Director,. 

at 1 Commercial Road, Guildford, Surrey, GUI 4SU. a . 



Trans Promotions Ltd \|*J 

Management Resourcing Consultants ' l ® 


Senior Project Manager 

To £25,000 + Bonus + Car 

Ths company based m Hat f ad s ftre is one o! Oman's fastest mowing information 
maaganent specialists with a reputation second to none for grouting ratable state 
oftteartpntiris. 

As the specialisT systems ad software lesnuce withn the company Appfed Systems 
Division has bull up an excellent tract record m the deagn and nupteme m anon of 
total solutions to a wide range ot ctems in such areas as Aerospace Healthcare. 
CofTmuracawts. City Financial Systems and Central Government 

An exciuq new contract has created the need lor a Senoi Reject Manager to ran the 
tteretapmem ol a turnkey system automating the dental toons oi imj Isge 
engneetmg workshops The project is valued m eicess (d £Un ard «vdl rtm mitdiy 

(or three years 

The Senior Prefect Manager will be responsUe with a Rnnopai Designer for a 
significant appbcarion software developmem task bong undertaken by their «vn staff 
are) at feast two subcontracted software hoses The success^ rastidase tract 
therefore be capable of haraftng a complex subcontract sraraton re achieve project 
goals. 

The attity ID comnnucaie with the customer at a sentor level and of interfacing 
effectively with Government Agencies is essential as s the mobility re travel wrthn 
the UH and Western Europe 

Commercial awareness wiU be important as will the atoiy to iwfentand the 
technical issues Familiarity with the techniques td PROMPT and SSAtftt together 
with experience ol managng complex prefects from acspoon to amftidren will be a 
drsrina advantage 

It you be! eve you have the necessary drive, determination and above all erntxsasm 
to fiH ths senior management post then please call MI LES RICHARDS m strictest 
confide nc e in 01-631 <296 (24 bre) or ■ ta raa thre t y 91-579 0412 (LOOps to 
lOLOBpre). 

1 FUTURES 1 


Telesaies-Consumer 


HIGH EARNINGS 





EXPANDING P 
AT COMPETITIVE 

FULL PRODUCT AND 
SALESTRAINING... 


. . . these are just some of the benefits available to you 
as a Telesales specialist when you join a highly effective 
sales environment for one of the world’s leading 
computer manufacturers. 

An annual growth rate of some 30% means a 
regular strengthening of our telesales resource and we 
are now looking for professional, young people with 
varying levels of experience, to enter our operation 
selling computer consumables to existing users of 
Wang hardware. 

With 2 years 1 previous selling experience, 
which need not be computer-related, you could 
achieve on-target-eamings of up to £18,000 pa If, on 
the other hand, you have only been selling for around 
6 months, we are still in a position to offer you thorough 
sales and product training to speed you on your way 
and earn you a salary of between £12- 13,000 pa. 

To be successful you must have a good 
standard of general education, demonstrate 


professional competence in a ‘live* selling situation and 
possess a lively and energetic personality. We don’t 
pretend that it’s easy, bat we wiU guarantee to provide 
all the support and help you need, including real • 
incentives, to reach your sate target. 

Interested applicants should send career cteals 

to Pam Segal. Wang (UK) Limited. Wang House, . 

661 London Road, Isleworth, Middlesex TW7 4£H, or 
. telephone 01 -847 1954 (24-hour service) for an 
application form. 


WANG ] 


RECRUITMENT SPECIALISTS TO THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY 
FUTURES Ltd.. 114 New Cavendish Street, London W1 


GROUP 

FINANCIAL DIRECTOR 

(Designate) 

Public Company- South Herts- £25,000+ & Car 

One of the largest manufacturers of office 
furniture in the UK, is seeking a Chartered Accountant for 
the new position of Group Financial Director. Initially 
joining as Group Company Secretary, you will be 
responsible for controlling Group finances, managing 
resources, monitoring trade performance and, in due 
course, will be involved with total corporate strategy. 

To undertake this demanding job, you will need 
experience of a manufacturing environment, a 
background of dealing with Banks and Professional 
Advisers, a high degree of integrity, sound commercial 
judgement, self motivation and proven leadership 
qualities. 

Our Client offers an attractive remuneration 
package which includes the usual benefits associated 
with a successful Quoted Company. Please write with full 
career details and achievements to date, quoting 
ref. 417/27, to Alan C. Martin, Regional Director. 

Professional Personnel Consultants Limited, 

Godwin House, George Street, Huntingdon. 

Cambs PE186BU. Tel: Huntingdon (0480) 41 11 11. 

“an equal opportunity vacancy " 


Consultancy 

PARTNERS DESIGNATE 


LONDON AND THE SOUTH 

Our client a very commercial go-ahead 
firm of Chartered Accountants, are 
looking for outstanding accountants to 
join them in their rapid expansion 
programme. The successful applicants 
will be ambitious and expect high 
financial rewards in exchange for their 
hard work and commitment 
It is envisaged that full partnership will be 
available within 12 months. 

For further details please telephone or 
write in complete confidence ta- 
Catfiy Casey or Trlcaa Huott 
Gabriel DUffy Consultancy 
130a Western Road 
Brighton East Sussex BN1 2LA 
Telephone Brighton (0273) 29822. 
Weekends & Evenings (0273) 730516 & 420834 


ARE YOU DOING THE JOB YOU 
WANT TO... OR HAVETOT 


Many of us are so involved with the Jobs wete doing and 
the responsibUMes we have that we seldom stop to wonder 
whether** are making full use of our potential. 

We are working because we have to — we have 
mortgages to pay famines to support rates, gas, electricity 
and the let goes on. These are not so much excuses as 
facts of life. 

Another fact is that most of us have a nagflpngdoubt 
that we could be doing better but we just door know what 
to do about it. 


Chusid Lander has changed all that. 



•VMearea&oup of specialist careerconsuttants whose 
sole function teto guide executives and prateaekonal 
people and help them achceve their indwidual objectives. 

We guarantee that we will comma our 9we and e ff ort 
until you are satisfied thatyour career objectives twe 
been realised. . t 

. For thirty years we have b oo n su i ri ng te r tn W l *ls£ » 

Now its yourtuml *' 

Telephone us to arrange a confidential personal 
assessment without obligation, or write to 
The Admtnistxator Ref a/V* ■■ 3S/37 RarpySbeet. 

London W1PSAF— enclosing a brief career stanmaiy. 

LONDON ’. ■ atSBOS771 MANCHESTER 081-22*0089 
■WWH O HM* 02M43U02 . IW HHU I Wi OM9379U. 
BRISTOL 023222307 GUSfiOW ' 00^3321502 

■BJiur ' . ' 02 3 2 82182* 

<31 CHUSID LANDER 



Urgently required for busy Kensington office of a 
multinational sales company. 

Duties include manual ales and purchase ledger, 
general accounting proceed ures. telephone customer 
contact, office and sales administration, pa ye and credit 
control. 

Excel] cm salary according 10 age and experience pins 
benefits. Age 2J+. 

Please send CV and telephone contact number to: 

The Managing Director, 

Ondaline Building Products LtcL, 

4 Uxbridge St, 

Farm Place, 

Kensington, 

London W8 7SY. 


CL 


Exhibition 

Consultants 

Ltd. 


SENIOR EXECUTIVES, DIRECTORS, lb be or...? 

Are you going to enjoy your full potential? Are you in charge ATTVT 
of your future? For help with the answers, come and talk to \JiLJ-LN 
^Telephone Peter Gardiner- Hill on 01-493 5239. Or write to us at 16 Hanover Square, London WIR 9 Aj.i 


Appointment of 
Assistant Secretary 

Applications are invited for the office of Assistant Secretary of the Society and comparable appointment in the 
Society’s associated organisations. The duties compare to those of an assistant managing director of a company. 
Combined salary and fees Mil total not less than £24,000 per annum. In addition there are contributory pension 

benefits, Society car, and concessionary mortgage fedfities. The administration office of the Society is based at 

Leic ester. R elocation expenses would be paid where necessary. 

Applicants, who should be under 45 years of age, must possess professional qualifications of practical value in the 
business of a Friendly Society or the life branches of insurance. A background of accowitancy, investment or 
marketing experience at executive level would be appropriate. Company secretary qualifications and experience are 
not of themselves sufficient for the position. 

Written application, giving full particulars of age, marital status, professional qualifications and experience must 
reach the Society by 1st April 1986 under sealed cover addressed to> 

The Chairman, Selection Committee, 

Hearts of Oak Benefit Society, ^ 

129 Kingsway, London WC2B6NF, 

endorsed “PERSONAL - Assistant Secretary” in the top left comer. 

The Selection Committee will choose a short list and the final selection wffl be made by the Delegate Board 
assembled for the Annual Meeting of the Society in the first week in June. A8 candidates, if selected, must be 
prepared to give an undertakaig to attend this Annual Meeting, 

The Society is an equal opportunity employer. 


/ |r 


Hearts of Oak 

SoneRt Society 

in association with 

LONDON ABERDEEN & NORTHERN MUTUAL 
ASSURANCE SOCIETY LIMITED and 
HEARTS OF OAK TRUSTEES LIMITED. 


Management Consultancy: Exhibitions, 
Festivals and Tourist Attractions 

ECL is a management organisation- 
concerned with major exhibitions ranging 
from trade promotion events to tourist 
attractions in Britain and overseas. In 1984 
we provided the operations and marketing 
team for the successful Liverpool Interna- 
tional Garden Festival. 

Senior Consultant 

We seek a senior coosultam to be responsible for 
projects in this growing sector. As well as directing 
projects, this senior member of the company win play a 
key role in the business development of ECL A j 

suaxssuJ record in exhibition, festival or leisure man- 
agement is essential together with mature general 
management skills. Education should be to degree 
standard and the pr eferr ed age range is 30-40. 

Research Consultant 

ECL also requires a consultant to assist with projects of 
wide ranging interest As a member of a smatt team, 
tasks will include preparing proposals and reports as 
wefl as rcseardrii^ cocndinaiiQg and administering 
assignments. A willingness to work on projeas at a 
practical level is essentiaL Applicants should demon-- 
ytrate experience or aptitudes for work in this sector, 
including good presence and writing and presentation 
skills. The likely age range 26-30. 

These appointments are London based, with frequent 
travel Salary ami conditions wfD be in line with age. 
experience and the nature of the asignmenis. 

Write, please; with career resume to: 

John Vbnpasy, Msagtag Director. ECL. 11 Mancbes- ; 
ter Sqnre, LeodoeWlM 5AB by 28th March 1986. 
Barking ytm envelope ‘confideataT. 

ECL g a. member company of Andty M<KS|BS*ry Ltd. the- 
rneraabonai extutriions prop. 


The Council of Abnooere. bnrttts appHcattons for the pwUMa of 

CLERK of CHRISTS HOSPITAL 


n Is hoped mat the person awWetf wfu take up tee tost on or aa soon t 
July. 


iponiMvafMr 1 st 


Throertcb the sentor adnunttntto* officer of the FMuMionaMJVpllcantaiboukl haw the 
nmmmc* and quanncaOons lo direct end 0uMe IMS great and ancient Chanty, which 
woiMes education for 060 bovs and skis at us School a Horsham in Sussex. 

Fun details and forms or au p M c aU on nay be obtained from: 

The Chairman of me Council of Afnxmm. 
chrtsrs Hospital. 

26 Great Tower Street. 

London. CCm SAL. 

• <01-626 64071 

The ttartng date ter ayptaartiora to 27Th March. 


TRAINEE 

RECRUITMENT 

CONSULTANT 

£ 8,000 

Wc are 3 h«M> SUOCtsUhJ City 
based uMBimanc*. wilb a kxxj' 
cuahinhed irpwauoa wrth iq a 
Fmarctal ncwUmi. Dae to 
rapid rvoaUM «r now redone 
an naicUqtcn. sdf motivated 
trainer lojocn our boxy pnrfe, 
muiuI team. C andidavs mtsa 
hate 2 \ imfc sod ami 2 
scan work ctprricoce. pmfcrMy 
iram a (ounce rotated cnviran- 
mcoi. Typmi tUls of -4S»pm 
raemnl Aged Sfel. 

Fur farther details pknc cal) 
Cbm Wood an: 

P 41-236-1113 
<2-H»imi 

PORTMAN 
M\_ RECRUITMENT 
JB SERVICES 



A NEW CAREER 
IN FINANCE 

Due lo cwihnuow expansion, a weU established London 
Knance broken reouire a responsible, ambitious and- 
rnihtKvnlir person U> work within their tram of ncootman. 
ApoOranh utouid may tneetmg clienn. anaCrsUtg 40d- 
negonaiiiig iramortiom. No wmng imohvd. We are eftertng a 
rtwUengrag carter for Uie ngnt person Please write wtch Mi CV 


mm* 

A a fvirenti mraMral Ltd. 
M Rid Um tenet. 
Laadaa KIR 40*. 


GLASS'S GUIDE 
SERVICE LIMITED . 

ButtShm to the Motor Industry, requre an EDITOR far itior new 
Viewdata Sareco The Edrtofn* be rasoonabie to me v«ndaa 
[Janager lor cotecing and eO»tg statistical edonnabon and nflbaifi 
ip pfpmora Ite 5evc« through customer mats and Oamon stre wns 
Caredates snoutd tuvd U least b yaars ereeicnce n (he retat 
moTor waoe. wmg ekpenerx» o» Mhsical an^rss and Uw atefty to 
sella service 

Pietetr ed ane 40* 

Salary £12500 pa t Company car 

Apply e«H CV to. Cftnsm Crtsptn. Pereonnet Manager, Qtsft 
Gude Service LW.. Qgtn House. St. Gecxgas Ave, Wa yOncig g . 
Surrey. KT13 OBX. . • - ■ 


CRUCIAL EXAMS 
IN 1986? 

GCE'IT Brjnevaf? Applying 
UCPAorPcty? E«rfM&ny? 
Oa aW ic a t iBw ? 

NOW IS THE TIME B emsaft 
us lor expatt assamnat aad 
gai4aaca.Fmbreten*i . 


• • • CAREER ANAUTSTS 


SOGtouowterPtoee.wi 
• • • 01-93SSASZ (24 Ini . 




ouirw for vnnli but well known 
vna furnnniiigv «noo m km 
unouxi ApoNranto mun naie 
mail iMMiblv deroratmgi n 
omrnce. a im for bom madorn 
and iradmomi be goal 

ai nnlomer retauom and be 
wiumg loiarwr (tie no wtm ret. 
utouatm and enrr?>-. pvnwr 
wrih- with luU (Mans lo BOX 
C*4 


BWCIte required for Promo 
onrauriion tarauin . mum 
proven Wm promo no 
- ut- oroadrasi standard, an m 
draih knoniieagr ol LK CSA 
mrnir ouunr«i and pxVtoup 
rspn-RW m ildeo nod pro 
duruon . and wrong 

****»#& HI 


RKSTMOWOMUltrcr mod-. 

rrn art in London mnorra 
ewpennicisl «am presoo. prnf 
rraXb sprakinp Fimtn and 
.Cnrman and wtiluty lo IrAri- 
Apob wuh CV to BOX C?n 


reow f-d rqr Tndmt ure. Tm 
I wrkage l« (he nghCneo- 
PH\Manaop»nrni oopanuuihm. 


ot par arm. Appcmtmanl will noma* be node an fee 

Lintieon Mmucb E384 per mun 
Tnnty days anal ine. pin rinen statutory hoten. ' 

These posmns may.te of narast to Caiadtee. 

AeplainR tains nl Fum* (Mato shoM te obtanat ftwc ■ 
Canadian High fnwiHlMioii 
„ F N M - y itl Division 
(Imfly-Engagod Staff) 
Macdooald House 
1 firasvmor Sqoars 

Tatenhone: (01) S29 9482 Ext 687 

Please mark outside of envelope Ref: 86/6/IE 


RESTAURANT DIRECTOR 

£ 18,500 P-R-+ up «• £ 37,000 p.a. boons ' 

To direct the 11 dining rooms of prestigious 
Mayfair restaurant with a stylish Anglo-French 
menu and a brilliant wine list. Your four co- 
directors cover food. wine, marketing and 
finance. Send CV toc- 

ChainoaB, 100 Green Lam, 

- St Albany Herts. 


DEALER 

DEALER /DEALING dept supervisor 

M “op!50b+ A hS£, Troa ** 0f!SlKrt 

. Phenes 01-588 9SS1 

An. Warrington 

_- (Rec Cons) 


















‘ ' .Jl 




THE TIMES THURSDAY 


A guide to 
career development 





How to be master of all who 
survey you at the interview 


i. The job interview is going better than 
• you had dared hope, and you believe 
you are turning in the performance of a 
w lifetime. As you look round at the 
beaming feces of the interviewing panel 
■. you Stan to feel a self-confidence which 
' borders on complacency. 

It is then that the lean taciturn guy at 
the end of the table intervenes, bowling 
a googjy. There is an embarrassing 
pause before yoo start to splutter, 
mutter, waffle and tie yourself in knots. 
You've been landed with a tricky 
question — of the kind you wish they 
wouldn't ask. 

I think we've all encountered them. 
Questions like: Why should we ei 



you? Where do you see yourself in I 
years' time? why have you been 
unemployed for so long? Why were you 
made redundant? Wbai do you think of 
the unions? How do you view women in 
^ management? 

Everyone can think of questions that 
they would hate to have to answer. 

But if you want that job, you take the 
plunge. So it makes sense to do a little 
homework before the interview. 

First, consider what makes these 

Hard to judge whether 
you’re stepping on toes 


7* questions so difficult One reason is that 
some are so vague and open-ended that 
you may not be sure what the questioner 
is driving at 
1 A second, cause of difficulty can be 
that you have a psychological hang-up 
about something. Redundancy and 
unemployment may be associated in 
; your mind with failure. Why was it you 
a. who were made redundant while others 
•were kept on? Why is ft that no-one 
seems prepared to give you a job? When 
self-doubt rears its bead, there is a 
tendency to find lame excuses for past 
mishaps, when you should be looking to 
the future with confidence in your 
abilities. 

Another problem may be your keen- 
ness to make a good impression, so you 
try to give an answer which does not 
conflict with the views of the question- 
er. Take that question about unions. 

The tenor of your answer might differ 
depending on whether you were talking 
_ with Sir Terence Beckett or Norman 
Willis. . ? 

- But if you are being interviewed by 
comparative nonentities, it is much 
more difficult to judge whether you are 
stepping on toes. Do not assume that 


Nervous about that job 
interview? R. A. Jones 
has some advice for 
those lacking confidence 


because the interviewer is a man, he 
necessarily disapproves of woman man- 
agers. 

A further reason questions may 
stump you is because you did not 
foresee them. You. are caught off your 
guard, when it should have been 
obvious that a particular Uue of inquiry 
was bound to turn up. 

Is there any way of coping successful- 
ly with such deadly questions? You can 
but try, and your attempt must start well 
before the interview. 

Begin by taking a critical look at 
yourself and your achievements, and do 
not overlook any skeletons you may 
have in your cupboard. If your career 
progression is haphazard, think of a 
good reason why this should be so, like 
your wish to broaden your experience. 

If you were fired because of a row 
with a superior, ask yourself whether it 
was your fault or his, if you were 
objecting to a policy which you feh to be 
unethical or possibly injurious to the 
company, then ft might make sense to 
be open about it. It could count in your 
favour. 

After your self-appraisal, draw up a 
list of questions you do not want to be 
asked, and try to find convincing 
answers. You will always find some that 
are exceptionally tricky, but you should 
be able to find ways of getting around 
them. 

That job you left after only six 
months, for example. Perhaps it would 
pay to be honest and admit that you 
made a mistake in joining that firm. If 
you admit to one or two foibles (but no 1 
more) you may gain some sympathy 
from members of the interviewing 

panel. 

It is not a good idea to memorize your 
answers worn for word. Find a friend or 
acquaintance who can bombard you 
with these difficult questions and 
criticize your, performance. 

Even Better, record your practice 
interview on a tape or video recorder. ■ 

At the interview try to stay composed. ■ 
When an unfortunate question is tossed 
jnlo your * court, pause before you . 
answer, and try to think of the 
mlerviewer’s reason for asking it Is it . 


merely an innocent query — or is he or 
she embarking on an in-depth probe? 

Lf the question sounds vague, you can 
always ask for clarification, which has 
the added advantage of giving you more 
time to think of a convincing answer. Or 
you can rephrase it yourself in a manner 
designed to show yourself in a more 
favourable light. 

That gap in your CV could well be 
explained away by the feci that you were 
trying to set up your own business, but 
bad to give up when you could not raise 
enough capital - 

'Such 'a reply immediately raises you 
up from the ranks of the redundant to 
the status of a person with drive and 
entrepreneurial flair. 

Inevitably there are questions yon 
cannot predict. You can expect to be 
asked virtually anything from your 
views on the state of the economy to 
your opinion of the Bishop of Durham. 
Your hobbies may come under scrutiny, 
or even the places where you have lived. 

Other questions you may consider 
downright unfair. How can you suggest 
changes you would like to make in an 
organization without first making a 
detailed study of how h functions? The 


Inevitably questions 
yon cannot predict 


interviewer, on the other hand, may 
consider this a legitimate thing to ask. 

He or she is not concerned with 
details, but how you set about solving a 
problem. He wants to know whether 
you are an agent for change or a time- 
server who never takes an Initiative. 

I am the first to admit that job 
interviews can be unnerving experi- 
ences, and if things start to go wrong, 
your whole edifice of confidence can 
collapse. That is why some form of 
preparation is essential. 

Though you cannot anticipate every 
question, you must ensure that you can 
deal effectively with the most obvious 
ones — awkward or straightforward. 

It. is do good just glaring at the 
interviewer or lapsing into incoherent 
mutierings at the first hurdle. 

Remember, your ability (or lack of it) 
to surmount the difficulties of the 
interview could well reflect on your 
capacity to deal with problems at work. 
Make sure your replies are plausible and 
not wishy-washy. The impression you 
give may count for more than your 
concern to cover over the cracks in your 
career. 


29 


FINANCIAL & ACCOUNTANCY 


FINANCIAL CONSULTANCY 
A GROSS AREA OF THE MOMENT 
AND OF THE FUTURE- DON’T MISS OUT! 

FPS (Management) Lid is a leading firm of financial consultants and because of phenomenal expansion in 1986 is looking for 
outstanding individuals to compliment its London based team of professionals. 

The right individuals (aged 23+ and based in London) will be energetic and intelligent, highly motivated, hardworking and 
able to absorb new ideas quickly. 

Full training will be provided. 

Remuneration expected to be in excess of £15.000. and lead to management in the first year. 

This is a superb opportunity to develop your own business and career path in a growing company and in an exciting industry. 
For further details phone the Recruitment Manager on 01-836 1333. 



BANK DOCUMENTATION 
SUPERVISOR 

DATA STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL 
Bahrain US $34,000 tax free 


Already one of the largest Arab 
banks, our client continues to 
expand its world wide presence and 
sphere of activities. Consequently 
it now seeks to recruit an 
experienced person to take 
■ responsibility for its data storage 
ano retrieval system and also 
manage its Microfilm Unit 
Candidates should ideally be 
aged 28-35, hold a University 
degree, or professional 
qualifications and have at least 5 
years' experience in a similar role, 
preferably within a banking 
environment. It is essential that 
candidates are fully conversant with 
the latest developments of data 
storage using microfiche. 


- The successful applicant will be 
' responsible for the maintenance of 
corporate, classified, biographical 
and bibliographical files, annual 
reports, tapes and other important 
' bank documents. 

A competitive tax free 
remuneration -package is offered, 
including fully fumisned 
accommodation, return airfares, 
education allowance, pension and 
discretionary bonus. 

Please send a detailed Curriculum 
Vitae to: Roy Webb. Managing 
Director, Jonathan Wren 
International Ltd.. 

1 70 Bishopsgate. London, 
EC2M 4LX, Tel: 01-823 1266, 
Telex: 8954673 WRENCO. 


London • Sydney • Hong Kong 


Public ^p^ngBU 



, Jonathan Wren 
db . International Ltd 

' - ^ Banking Consultants- 


r . 'r * *• 

1 


•** 


CHIEF PLANNING 
AND 

Development Officer 

(Re-advertisement) 

Salary Scale: £20, 445-£22,473 p-a. 

Lhc Department of Planning and Property Services has an impressive record 
lof innovation and achievement. Candidates for this second tier pest in the 
JDcpanmeni will need to be of high calibre, with substantial professional and 
>wnanagcment experience. Candidates should be qualified in. a discipline reie- 
|vant to planning and property matters. 

[Application forms and particulars from: 

The Comity Personnel Officer, 

County Hall, 

Oxford, 0X1 1ND. 

Telephone enquiries: Oxford (0865) 815465. 

Closing date: 2nd April, 1986. 

V OXFORDSHIRE s 
COUNTY COUNCIL 

-An Equal Opportunities Employer 


THIS POST IS SUBJECT TO THE LMGSC 'RI NGFE NCE* 
PROGRAMME AND APPLICATIONS ARE RESTRICTED TO 
EMPLOYEES OF THE GLC. THE LONDON BOROUGHS.- 
METROPOUTAN COUNTY COUNCILS AND METROPOLITAN 
DISTRICTS- 

METROPOLITAN BOROUGH OF 
NORTH TYNESIDE 

SECRETARY AND CHIEF LEGAL ADVISOR 
SALARY: £21,792 - £2-3,979 p.a. 

Applications are invited for the above post ... r 

The Secretary and Chief Legal Adviser’s Department is responsible for aU 
the Council's Legal and Secretarial Services. It also administers 
specialised sections providing Management Services mejudmg central 
purchasing and priming. Estates and Valuation work and Public Rela- 
tions. The Department is also responsible for electoral n^istraiion. local 

and parliamentary elections. ... . . 

Applicants must be Solicitors of several years standing with managerial 
experience at a senior level in local government. ... 

An essentia] car user allowance is payable and assistance at relocation 

lfrfiliepoiicy rrftScSunciMo provide equal employment opportunities 
and consideration will be given to ail suitably experienced andquaiitied 
applicants from Authorities detailed at the head of tins advertisement. 
regar dless of disability, sex. race or manta! status. 

Application forms and frirtherdetails may be obtained 
from The Chief Personnel Officer. 7 Northumberland 
Square. North Shields. Tyne and Wear. NE30IQQ. 

Closing date for receipt of applications. 13/3/86. 




North 


. . . with the immediate prospect of earning up to £30j000 and the 
opportunity for rapid development lo Partner Whether you’re a manager, 
assistant manager, or supervisor, its hard to ignore the fact that you could 
well go further; faster; as one of our valued tax advisory team. 

You’ll be in an influential position, servicing your own group of 
clients. Whaft more, roughly 70% of your work will be tax and business 
consulting - providing interest and continuous intellectual challenge. 

In terms oftraining,you’fl find our commitment to yourdevelopment 
is second to none. We devote time, effort and expense to meet your 
individual requirements. 

As for our requirements, we’re looking for business-minded 
chartered accountants in their 20s and 30s, who are keen to work as 
part of a cohesive, friendly team constantly exchanging knowledge 
and ideas. You will be able to obtain the very best from your 
own ability and find real job satisfaction. 

We believe that the opportunities in tax with Arthur Andersen 
are exceptional. Why not see for yourself by spending time with 
us, talking to a cross-section of our team. 

As a first step to an opportunity A RTHI ]R 

that's not just better, but better by 
far; write to Faith Jenner, Divisional 
Personnel Manager- Tax, Arthur 
Andersen & Co.,1 Surrey Street, 

London WC2R2PS, or call heron 
01-4383517. 


Andersen 


VBI JUfrl DM MM MI>UN>ltlU MKIM>*I 
t V4bVl(«il 4 MM*I l IWNW t 1 ' ill i .1 
Ullr, tlMKMUIL tUMIHN VI, M Ilf Ml K M *• »M1 1 
VITIM.IIW \\|»SI Mll-u. 


GENERAL 


WE AM A Pnogn-Uttr firm of 
EOatr ABNib in Lon- 

don Mvruitum m muWniiol 
nrootTty wm Then arm now 
(hr**- opening* for Junior Nego- 
luun wno win Or Md 
tiMueen 18 30 year*. WA a 
am i tip umv. and a wuM edo 
ration to M A WMtfUlW. 

- tw> m wi meal opportunity lor 
an fiwmieui person IP win one 
of London* mow aucmMiO **■ 
Ur -ton it* ana be earning an 
exceptional aiurt alter ofte lo 
two wrar* lalemnr flawing 
Can 01 221 3SM Ref JMH 


FINANCIAL AND 

accountancy 



ron the vCTrar *est 

«9MOM«KT« 

OR PERMAIVANT 
APPOnVTMEVrS 

C*u. Wl .. 

hah tmk raw agi m 
tu *** •omamxx. 
LONOOM Ml 

ami utx turaeour 


tempting times 


KflMCV t> »non 111 * Oonuorl ■ J** 1 
ll» «maU wrftr*sa» ™SS*5 
rMWanv « Mrrrriorv W tBMr 
UoUgM Dir error m order to 
,«« io* matemrti- keif 
ao BOttUIKeMt Orel torus word 
gaMiwn) igpenrnrn IWWM 
OMVMcipnuM 1 01 2<*0 3951 

jm, Mil 

a her CntfL ElireOrrn Hunt Be 
rriiumew CoreuUi-oU. 

.iwft SECKHAY With 
Omrtli 329 e,p IM Wt*M EM 
L-iLite *vnl* Lonu *erm 
wonm-fll tv. 

UM KtenB.1 B O m 

£i«ne Ml*. ABPauUmenH. 


PART TIME VACANCIES 


uor.flH eMMAKt m 

”sr, "iszzrjS’or 

and «WV negonaole Tel Oi 
JJ5 Juto" “ ■ 


SALES A MARKETING 


Marketing/ 
Advertising Sales 

Xir you Will eduraled AMP 
artHumc' Do you wan I ip 

team toe ewmuamtd Mdn< 
kTling.* H nu r«m worn W 
reft Video 4ri<micttfq and 

Do-n Marketing 

-ji Dpr—Her (fin rwtun 

■ an hi reii m 


ML BOX 
NUMBER . 
REPLIES 
SHOULD BE 
ADDRESSED 
TO: 


Box No— i 

C/o Times 
Newspapers.- 
P.0 Box 484 
Virginia Street 
LONDON 
£1 9DD 


GROUP 

SECRETARY/ 

ACCOUNTANT 


WEST SURREY 


CNEG 


To join a small, privately owned group of companies 
with a wide ranee or activities in property and Insure. 
Initiallv lo understudy present Group Secretary, to 
succeed during |988. 

Responsibilities will include the preparation of budgets, 
management and statutory accounts, financial 
appraisal of development projects, pensions, personnel 
administration, servicing Board and Committee 
meetings and fulfilling all statutory requirements. 

A qualified accountant or ACIS. probably aged 35-45. 
you should have a proven track record, ideally in a 
smalt company environment, a flexible approach and 
□bihtx to communicate at all levels, knowledge of 
propenv mvcsimem development would be an 
advantage. 

Initiallv. salary is negotiable around £ 16.000 to reflect 
ability 'and experience hut will not be a bar u> the 
appointment of the right candidate. Benefits include 
non-comribuiorv prnsion. life assuraw. health 
insurance and free lunches. A car will tv? provided on 
surcCHian to the senior post. 

Btplt « first hMuir <*iili lull f.t. In: 

Brian Maguire. 

H & W Task Forte. 

118 New Bond Street. 

London W i\ OBH. 

Tel No: 0I-»3 W4I. 


MALLINCKRODT 

is part of an expanding International 
operating group and is today looking 
for a: 

SALES 

REPRESENTATIVE 
FOR GREAT BRITAIN 

who will be responsible for sales of 
speciality chemical products in GB. 
Ireland. Norway. Sweden and Fin- 
land. Main task is to establish and 
broaden contacts with pharmaceuti- 
cal and manufacturing industries and 
realize set goals. 

Please contact Mr Mike WOOD for de- 
tails and/or send complete resume to: 

MALLINCKRODT Ltd 
Nunmills Road. 
Northampton. NN1 SPA. 

0604 24 853 or 24 045. 


PURCHASING 

MANAGER 

Required lor rapuilv cvpanoing nholnale food 
iumpitrn in Soulh Lr-r-o,:.. 

EAixncntv and refer"" is ewr.tial. 

Salary negotiable. 

Please nng 01-703 ? 0 Ai 


UNITED KINGDOM CENTRAL 
COUNCIL FOR NURSING, 
MIDWIFERY AND HEALTH VISITING 
(RE- ADVERTISEMENT) 

PROFESSIONAL OFFICER (MIDWIFERY) 

With the retirement of the present officer in De- 
cember the UKCC is seeking to appoint to the 
post a registered midw-ife who additionally holds 
a nursing and teaching qualification. Applicants 
should have an up-to-date knowledge of mid- 
wifery education and practice at a senior level as 
well as experience of committee work and public 
speaking. 

The person appointed will be accountable to the 
Director for Professional Standards and Devel- 
opment. who will be happy to discuss the post 
with intending applicants. 

Salary from £15. 70S - £I8.0-J5 per annum plus 
£1.133 London Weighting. 

Details about the post and application forms are 
available from. 

Hilary Pincott, 

UKCC, 23 Portland Place. 

London WIN 3AF. 

Teh 01-637 7181. 

to whom completed application forms should be 
relumed bv Mandat. 31 March l^Sh. 






BIRTHa MARRIAGES. 
DEATHS aad IN MEMO- 
RlA.M f4 . Ifcsc + 15 * VAT. 

(minimum J lines) 
Announcements. autantl- 
caud by (be n ame and 
permanent address of Use 
sender, may be seni ke 

the Times 

PO BOX 484 

** 

JIIIU 

London El 

or tetephoaed (by idcpbonc 
subscribers only) kx 01-481 
3024. 

Arnuunennens cm be re- 
ceived by telephone between 
9.00ani and SJOpra. Monday 
to Friday, on Samrday be- 
tween 4 00am and l2noon. 
(481 4100 Only). For ptibJi- 
atiioa the foOowmg day. 


WAGES. WEDDINGS, etc 
on town and Social Pane. £6 
a fine + I5S VAT. 

Coun and Social Page ao- 
nouncemeiiu can mu be 
accepted by telephone En- 
quiries to 01-481 4100. 
Mom other eiajafied adver- 
tisement* can be accepted by 

telephone. The deadline «s 
5.00pm 2 days priorio publi- 
cation (i.c. 5.00pm Monday 
for Wednesday). Should you 
wish to send an advertise- 
ment in waling please 
include your daytime phone 
number. 

CUSTOMER SERVICES 
DEPARTMENT. If you 
have any queries or problems 
criming to your advertise^- 
mem once a has appealed 
phase contact our Customer 
Services Department by *cfc> 
phone on 01*481 30M. 


PERSONAL COLUMNS 


Rentals 


FmCBBON HALL Mary Hy- POWELL on £Sn! of FKOraanr. 
actnlh CMidcy) on 23rd 1936 . peacefully at The 
February at SandkrfonJ H» North Devon District Hospt- 

pllal Newtnoy. need 84. her (a), Barnstaple. Charles 

devotion tn caring for etui- James Hwlrii sued 42., ha- 
dron wtfl |» lovingly loved tan at John and 

remerobered by aw many Mickey PnweadfRoscarriek. 

(amities concerned. Funeral Westfield Avenue, 

enquiries 10 Camp Hobson Barnstaple, and brother Of 

Newbury. Tel 0639 4359a AstrM Bartlett. Private ere- 

mira . Bertram ctwrin. on motion. Donations tn Ms 

memoey to: Brain Research 
Tn " L «'« Ouaatw St. 
London WQN IDO. 

num. ms. on Tuesday. SHARPE - John. Sibley House 
March the oiil at ii.Mtam. Lam, Bodkby. Dearly he- 
EOllfiH - On Fen may zom tn loved and lovtno husband of 

Ms TOh year. Rhllls Henry me jam Gladys. Suddenly at 

Cyril of 60 Elm Part Road. his home on me 24Ui Febru- 

CheSea. Dear husband or ary- The Funeral Service 

Joan. win be held ai The Parish 

WlHi Tenure, wile of Church. Sl Lawrence. Long 

EMred and utouw of QUy. Buckby at 12-45 wti on Tues- 

tn (KKpaal at St. TTopez on day dm March. No flowers 

February loth 1986. Burial please, but donaMms. tf de- 
al La Garde Fretnet has tak- sired m aM of rimer si 

en place. Lawrence Parish Oiurcti or 

KAFFHEJt Dr. Christopher Masonic CharttlH. c/o John 

LE. of 15 Stafford Road WWL FuneraJ Dbectoes. 

Southsea In flie peace " of Owir ch L ane. Bugoreefce 

Chrisl at hone 00 Sunday Northampton. 


DOMESTIC 4 CATERING 
SITUATIONS 


the Tin (lato-itta. Cht 
someone m orl tfn o l tome, dot- 
ed the very day uwy were born. 
XJ.2.GQ, or 2 for £22.00. uUn 
ftw iSWy Time* A ycflliiy 
cam. TVfc 01-480 6306 or 
0«92n5S)I«& 

finest quality wggj carpets, ai 


Prof A Inch. Quick. bard 
worarno win youno. ranw- 
, sh oot team -tn large 
' <-*p**xJing MnyWr restau- 
ranl wfln menu Based 00 
anumartan Engun cook- 
book Unary. QtrNml 
Irrmlnv by FVeocti director 

unrtiMtn utenm manage- 
rarML ioam - Open, o days 
pw uwlllding w mhl man 

Wt salary C6JMO pa IP 

£7.600 Pl*. 


February 161b 1986. The I 

^atoFtuwral haT token WUMf-SvMfl on Friday Feb- 


.WALK WORTHY OF THE 
LORD note *U pleasing. being 
frnWful In cvrry good -wri t, and 
tnrmnlag in Qv knowledge of 
Cod. 

Coftmtnm 1: IO 


BIRTHS 


BREHT0N on 25th February 
In MlHon Keynes la 
Margame and Nick a son Fe- 
me Nicholas. 

CHADWICK on 19th February 
1986 at Leeds Maternity 
Hospital (Oarendon Wing) 10 
Peter and Ann (nee setockj a 
son. Thomas Richard 
Procter, a brother for Esther. 
CHANDOS - on February 21st 
at the Westminster Hospital , 
to Arabella and Thomas a 
son. Other Antony. 

EVANS on February 23rd In 
London to Gillian tree Har- 
ding) and Nicholas, a 
daughter. 

IT I /HERBERT an 22nd of 
February 1986 to Deborah 
(nee Beak) and Thomas a 
wonderful daughter Tamara 
France s. 

FLETCHER to Muriel CrU-e Bra- 
lard) and Andrew, a son 1 
Rabbi Ivan James, on 14th 
January at the Adventist 
HospUaL Hong Kong. 

Bill El. On Fro itoi to Amanda 
inf# BUdlnl and tin. a son. 
Timothy James, a fl w tta tor 
Emma. 

KNIGHT on February 22nd 
1986 to Bride Onto 
Henharen) and Mkhari a son 
Charles Michael Henbareu. a 
brother for BaUazmn. 

LONG an February 240) 1986. 
at Hope Hospital, to Aiwa 
•nee Oebotys) and Andrew, a 
son. Frederick Johan. 

LOWES • on Februaty 23rd In 
New York, to Caroline and 
David a daughter (Arabella 

P atience ) 

MONYFENNT by adoption on 
February 26U» 1986 to Nicky 
(nee Tbdali) and Ian a son. 
Michael James, now tlto 
months. 

MURPHY on ITtttPeb 1986 to 
Jane into Beeching) and Phil- 
ip. a daughter Eleanor Clare, 
a sister for Conor and 
Fergus. 

PEPPERELL on February 
12 th to Elizabeth uito 
OTarretu and Andrew a 
daughter Emma Enxahreii 
PRESTON-STANLEY on 
Monday 17m February to 
Michael and Diana (nee 
Alexander) a son Samuel 
Alexander at Canberra 
Australia. 

SAUK on Zlsi of February 
1986 In London, lo Nasser 
and Sato, a son. Tarek 
Hassan. a brother for 
Maarya. 

SHUN an February 6th at 
Queen Maty's Hospital. 
Roehamplon to Michael & 
Joanne, a beautiful daughter. 
Rachel Joanne, half sister lo 
Karen & Ruth. 

SIMONDSon February 24m at 
Kingston HospHaL Surrey lo 
Lynne inee Fraser) and 
Richard a son Fergus. 

WHITEHEAD on February 
17th to Emma (tie* de Pret- 
Roose) wife of John, a 
daughter AHce Elizabeth, sis- 
ter for Michael, half sister (or 
Mark. 

WOOD Ail on February 24m 
a first daughter Emma to 
JacqueiUw inee Young) and 
Martin. 


place. There wtlt be a memo- 
rial Requiem Mam In Sl 
John's Roman Catholic Ca- 
thedral Edinburgh Road. 
Portsmouth on Saturday 
March 1st at 1 lam. 

HALE - Stanley Theodore, of 
Kings SL Sl James'. SWl. 
much loved unde of the An- 
derson family. Peacefully 
during the Mghl of 22nd Feb- 
ruary 1986 at King Edward 
VU HospUai for officers, idler 


ruary asm. to hospital, 
beloved wife of Chptato RJ. 
Shaw Rjsi end), much loved 
mother of Penelope, grand- 
mother of Nicholas and 
Julian, and twin sister of . 
Joyce Brownrtoo Cremation 
at 2-15 pm. on Wednesday 
ah March, al Putney Vale 
Crematorium. No Bowers, 
donations if desired to AJLS. 
Research. Bank Buhdlngs. 
Fulham Broadway. SW6. 


avaBabM IOOV Mira. Lags 
room star remnants trader hair 
normal arlre. Chancery Carpets 
Ol 406 0480. 

Cats, stamuqht express 
w» have iwferia for nmcMdaB 
theatre and sports. tnj 691 
5719. 637 1716. AS motor . 

crtdk card*. OVERSEAS AU PAR ABBKV 

THE Tanortau tom iiua- »7 Hegem SbeeL Lonaen. wi. 

TwSTSiSTS; “ iSm THj« 9«634 lor ULOimra: 

bound ready for pramuilon ■ r"* ■■ hei ra / fl — 1 

abo -Sunday*™. £*2.60 tod. pe ™' 

Remember Wnen 01-638 6333 A «MB AWARD paid tor micnm- 
TICKETS tor any nw 01 . fin nuroouruoti of Restauram 
SUSIMM Cm Own. Les Mk. Dmur nrr atsp lay advert In 
AU IhMlte and ma. 821 Con Anota)whomay botooerr- 
6616/838 0496 occutaed is nod mu Ask 

AXx/vu/CMnm ap pUrant to m wuioo you. 

ENCYCLOPAEDIA Britanmra. C*** CRT Required tn Nl. 
Latest 16 m edition, real £1300. Eaperlen red Cm tonci e mahm 
PMdnWy as new, £696. 01 Salary nr-gomane. Tel: 01-464 
an 8411. 3864 MB* wane. 


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SELF-CATERING 



a short Illness. Funeral tfto I THOMAS - P ea cefully at SL 


dose family and Iricnou at 
Putney Vale Crematorium 
on Friday. 28ih February 
1986 at l.ospm. Flowers to . 
J H Kenyon. 132 Freston Rd. 
London Wia 

HARRINGTON on February 
21st. 1986. suddenly. John 
T. of RoUlngdean. a beloved 
husband. faiherandiFBndlb- 
Uier. Director of WUUs. 
Faver & Dumas. Funeral 
service at SL Margaret's 
Church. Rottingdean on 
Tuesday. March dm al 
12.30pm. Flowers may be 
sent to: S. E. Skinner 6 Sons. 
145 Lewes Road. Brighton, 
tel. 0273-607446. 

HARVEY - On Fehuary 2tsL 
Richard Jon Stanley Queens 
Council. Adored and beloved 
husband of Yvonne. Requi- 
em mass 1030 Wednesday 
26th February at Brampton 
Oratory. Burial service 
2. 00pm. Friday "28th Febru- 
■ary al Chanel at 
Recoredliatlon al Our Lady 
Of Waislngham. 

Walstogbam. Norfolk. FJow- 
en to 132/138 FTeston 
Road, wia 

HE1MAIM Etolda (Elay) on 
February 22nd. of 7 
StockMTtead. Washington. 
West Sussex, aged 79. sud- 
denly rrom a heart attack. 
Cremation at Worthing cre- 
matorium. Monday. 3rd 
March. 3.30 pm. No flowers. 
Donations to African Famine 
Rebel. 

HICKMAN on 22nd February. 
>966. peacefully In hospllto 
in Guernsey after a short 01- 
nesa. Marion (Mong). if any 
further inforraattoa required 
please telephone Guernsey 
■04811 63203. 

HOLLERONE on February 


James' HospUaL Leeds, on 
1201 February 1986: 
Frances Mary, wife of 
Michael, mother of Simon. 
Sour and Jennifer, abler at 
Betty and Eileen Wheeler. 
Enquiries c/o Simon Thom- 
as. 25 Ogden Crescew. 
Denhobne. Bradford. 

W. Yorks. 

TKHE - on February 22. to 
hospital. Beatrice Mary in*e 
GUHl of wtnchesier. be- 
loved wife of Dan and dear 
mother of Antony and Mick- 
ey. Funeral Service at SL 
Mary's ChapeL ChesU House. 
Winchester, on Friday. Feb- 
ruary 28th to 10.15 am. 
Family flowers only. 
Donatons If desired, to the 
British Heart Foundation, 
care of John Steel and Son. 
Chest! House. Winchester. 

TOW - On 34 February 1984 
suddenly and pearefimy » 
Worcester U Col Rktanl Hen- 
ry husband of Pamela and 
sal her of Stephen. Anne. JML 
Frances X. Patrick. HequMiu 
Mas ai Si Georges D C. Ctwrcti 
Wormier on Tuesday 4 March 
at 13 Noon Family Ikwn 
onty.Cj. Gunwry A Son. 0906 
22094 

WALWYN on 24m February 
In London. Rear Admiral 
James Humphrey. CJS. 
O B E. only son of the late 
vice Admiral Sir Humphrey 
and Lady Walwyru devoted 
husband of Pamela and fa- 
ther of Humphrey. Victoria 
and Susan. Service at St 
Luke's. Sydney Street. Chel- 
sea al 12.15 on Monday 3rd 
March followed by private 
cremation. Flowers to SI 
Luke's. Chelsea or donations 
to King George's Fund for 
Sailors. 1 Chesham Street 
London SWl. 


TraiMwM 01 441 lilt 


MALDIVES, LANZAMnC 

Uank 01 836 4383. 


SELF-CATERING 

FRANCE 



MUSICAL 



FOOD A WINE 


23rd 1986 Alice Winifred WWTE Kathleen Mary OCale) 


wife of the tale Brigadier JX. 
Hoilebone beloved mother of 
Tons'. Monica. George and 
Catherine, grandmother of 
Iheir children and 
greatgrandmother of their 
children's children. Service 
St John's church Blsley Mon- 
day 3rd March l .30pm. 
enquiries lo J.H. Kenyon Lid 
49 Marioes Road. London. 
Tel 01 937 0757. 
HO&KYNS-ABRAHALL On 
February 24th 1986 peace- 
fully at St Julian Nursing 
Wing. Rydots. Wimbledon. 
Margaret Ada aged 84. wid- 
ow of the Right Reverend 
Anthony Hoskyns-AbrahalL 
much loved mother of Rose- 
mary Hurry. Benedict and 
Wren. Funeral sendee an 
Mafth 5th at 2pm ai St Ml- 
* eftafeiand All Angels Church. 


al Alexander Nursing Home. 
Princes Risborough Bucking- 
hamshire. 2ls! February 
1986. 4 SI Mary's Square 
Aylesbury. Funeral Service 
Amersham Crematorium 
Bucks. 4pm on 28th Febru- 
ary. No flowers please. 

WOOD On 22nd Febnnty. 
1986. Joane Essex Ui*e 
Lowndes) of Birch Farm. 
Amp ney Cruris- Cirencester. 
Funeral service al Ampney 
Sl Mary Church at 2 pm 
Tuesday 4lh March. Enqui- 
ries and donations may be 
sent to Cancer Research 
C am p a ig n , c/o Packer A 
Slade, l CUy Bank Road. 
Cirencester. Tel: Orencesler 
3525. 


a* area an BBC2 Food a 

Drink Prupvnnw. 


Al lan a raal auabty decaf- 
MuM in availaMcay mail 


Write For detail* to 


(Weekdays Only) 


FOR HIM 


SHORT LETS 


BS? , S?k / ^i3SS!aS MEMORIAL SERVICES 

Cremation private. Family — — 

novrers^only^DonaBomlfde- AJKMAN Barry Thomson. Me- 


DEATHS 


ANNIN OS Peter on February 
25th peacefully to home be- 
loved husband of Lena and 
father of Amanda. Alexia 


sired to Friends at the 
EWerty. Si Julian wing. 
Rydons. 108 The Ridgeway. 
SW19 4RD. 

HUMJEY on 24th February to 
the age of 90 Arch Deacon 
Alfred VlncenL dearly loved 
father of Robin. Pamela. Su- 
san and Rachel. The Funeral 
will be at St Mary's 
OMswinford at 1pm on Tues- 
day 4fti March, followed by 
cremation to Stourbridge. 
Family dowers only please, 
bid donations may be made 
to the British Heart Founda- 
tion. enquiries to J.T. 
Brookes and Co. Briericy 
Hill. 77098. 

MODES on February 24m. 
1986. In hosplUL 
Christopher Hartforth. dear 
husband of Mary. Service to 
The Downs Crematorium. 
Brighton on Thursday- 6th 
March, al 12.30 pan. Family 
flowers only but donattom If 
desired to: The Lynam 
Educational Trust Dragon 
School. Bard wed Road. 
Oxford. 


MEMORIAL SERVICES 

— — ■ 22nd Marcn 06 for 6 month*. 

INMAN Barry Thomson. Me- $fi«a SmaSSS 01 *** 
morito service jo be held _ to MRVKEQ AFAimwCNTS in 


SELF-CATERING 

GREECE 


Gnzcac. (26 towns*) VIIM. apt* 
A prantans. Dfiurara From 36 
March. Low prices Iran iwk 
£169. 2 wks'£189 - 10923) 
778544. Tbnsway Hoddays 
A0TA ATOL HOT. 
iwhk m comm, aptu/mov 
twrui Prices in ear Mtrartlve 
villas rran Heaxhrow. nut m 
worid Hobdays 01-734 2662. 


SELF-CATERING ITALY 


TUSCANY. By Medteval town of 
Bam In Ihe brauarul 

CariuoDana vaaey. Farm- 
nouses. vHlas. apart* A country 
hotel*. JETFARES 01-828 
0383 

TUSCANY Fully eout> farmhouse 
dpa 6. and Sumo flat sips 2 . 
man CT&ow 01-249 oeoo / 
01-940 32S0 eve*. 


SELF-CATERING 

PORTUGAL 


ALOANVE For luxury vIBaa «Wi 
pools A maid service al 
pen upa s's rxcftMh* CmMni 
Club, can Pairirta wiMMood 
Lid 0249 817023 or Ol 658 
6722. ABTA ATOL 1276. 

ALCANVE ALTOBMATIVK. Villa 
Holidays of dMinrtkm for the 
very («w. TeL- 01-491 0802. 73 
SL Jamas'! stmt. SWl. 


SELF-CATERING SPAIN 


MAZANfKM Unspam retort InS. 
Spain V ubn Apis Sal Flf Cal 
Murcia (Nr La Manga). Bruch 
Bay Hot* 0432 270185 ATOL 
ACT 1617. 


DOMESTIC & 
CATERING 

SITUATIONS WANTED 


MKrtMEM HELP vivacious, ex- 
trovert to hem with young 
family. Boy ao«l 8. Ctrl aoM 6. 
Non-smoker. Good salary lor 
rifltil applicant. Apply 19 Hade 
Chase. NZsrM 01-456 7924. 




01-244 

7353 





QENTRAL/SW LONDON 

Buchanans 

taring* Hwgnaem 

(R-3S77W 



UP UP A AWAY 



Quraishi 

Constantine 


FINE FLATS 
& HOUSES 
NEEDED NOW! 

(n (Ctowjngion; Chrieaa. 
Fulham, Putney. 
W i mb ledon and 
Richmo n d. 

FuO management 
service avaAabto. 


01-244 

7353 


(SUNCTON. daw to CHy « west 
EM Hie swtth 2 bedrno. reef s* . 
Ml A bamrm. CiSOpw. Such « 
Co 734 7452. 


YOKE BOUSE. 
TURKSR0KSW3 

WcB decorated On ia (food - 
block wsbihedrototo. - - 
fCcepo oiLkflcteaaM 
hUHMflk 

AVAIL. NOW G300PWONO. 


RUTLA3WSL.SW7 

UNFoonmktohitfnrtash 
boutt wrthJbcdsoooa. 

. 2 1 aicixion. shJ) 
kitebeoandpabo. 


BSlLGAr£PlACE,W8 

Acaacnveboexwjlfa 
2 hedrooras. J reoepboo. , 
(utcfacaandhadwaorB. . 
Boofaerracc. - 

AVAIL. NOWS3BPW. 


. LCCHAMCTNS, W8 

iia aacaha: 8»«i cn K« yift 

.1 ht . - Domv Iptr iwwphun. 
IrifdiesaHihkrtMbttaV ' 
sbotegtoa h .ip nfca . 


AVAIL. MIDMARCH SfiOOPW. { AVAH-WWESflOPW 


01-7300822 








raaaor.rmhiohHNuandsra. 2 

bedmts. rec. cupsr Ml * 


b4L Istanbul. Singapore. K L. 
Delhi, — —non. Hoop Kong- 
Sydnsy. Euroua. 6 The 
Amerfras. FtandMa Travel. 
3 New Quebec sl Marble 
Arch London WIH 7DO 

01-402 921 7/1 8/1 9 

Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 


POtTIKIUSE - Ctty/BaridORL 
FuUy lundshed. Hvhiq/dtolng 
room, drrssma/ffallery bed- 
rnora. ki tchen. baOi/wc. large 
teirare.paparanucvww9.E2lO 
p.w. me. 01628 6820 oner 
800 pjb. 



ihe Quran's Chapel of Uw 
Savoy. Savoy Hill. SzramL 
London WC2 to 2.30 pin. 
Monday. 24th Man* 1986. 


IN MEMORIAM 
- PRIVATE 


KenUngton. Cal iv. 24hr swbd. 
Ux.. Comoghafri Apis. 01^73 
6306. 

DfUQHTFUL FLAT overiooMnv 
Montague Square W1 . 1 Bed. 1 
reepL £186 pw. 01-9363393 
LUXUNY SINVICED FLATS* 
central London rrom £325 pw. 
Ring Town Her APIS 373 3435 
ST MtoTI PLACE SWl. Very 
smart 2 - bed, »*c apt- nod lo 
Park. Maid tod. 373 6306 (Ti. 


NORTH OF THE 
THAMES 



REHOtoAUS NZ 


CHELSEA SWS. ARraclhe 1 bed 
nai nr Kings Rd with qnauty 
rumtstUngs. Reccp. bed. en stole 
bath, tuning iuB. ul £2i9pw. 
Cootea 01 828 8261. 


FJkAUPMBUtmniSMvirau 
Ud reoure proaerttea m central 
■odbi and west London , areas 
for wailing appHcania.Oi- 221 - 


FOTNET Mil Newly decorated 
ground Door flat RecepUoo. 
Utriwn. bathroom. 1 dbte. 1 
egle bed r oom, patio garden. 
C12D PW. Co let. 878 7786 


WHTfM LONDUH7 Allen Bain 
6 Co have a Urpe seteedaa at 
flats and houses available for 1 
week + Irian ElBOpw. 499 
1666. 


ATSLOANE SQUARE. Buuilhii 
2 bed. 2 bain luxury DM. ES26 
pw negouabte ■ London Aids. 
toieruanonai-TeMU 244 7363. 


EAUNeim. Regency vtoa- abl*- 
ciliues. 3 bed., newly dec.. Ige. 
gdn. Otoe an ameiHuas. £260 
p.w. TM. 01-679 4642. 




BMEI.gEA. Oari. spnowws 2 bed- 
room. 2 ivceiMtoa snacamn RaL 
Car.n.. wirrynhone. no shaven. 
£166 p.w 458 4293. - 

HTTP ft fast? iMara ic a mra reie- 
al accoot puHtaben 1700 - 
varanctM to chantr 6dBL open 
T days. 627-2610. 

KWH, HAmFHl 1 double 
' ttedrooronaL newy decora te d. 

'. lounge- kUchea. baihcaunt. 
r £150 per. weak. T4L 5680041. 


GRAHAM HXON a service of Park. Maid ud. 373 6506 m. 

Thanksgiving for Ihe life of 

Charles Graham-Dlxon. QC. n* i-tciiadc 

win be held m the Medical rLAlaHAKU. 

School and Hospital Chapel 

Charing Crass HanMUL FuF CLAFHAM Prof F n/e tor own 
ham Palace Road. W6. on lux loe dtue rm in super cm me 
Thusto 27 Mardl to with tol mod com. Nr lube. £60 

iJ-wir *' “ PW ex e rrt dep. 01228 4204. 

Id.OOBOL 

MAriisI a manorial service of *W1 Sd sable executrie. mm 10 
thanksgiving for Ihe Hft of room m mod town- 

the late Mm Katherine Mav house. Own Wlepnone A Odour 

S! TV. COO pw. Tel: 854 742B. 


5JWMAM Prof F n/s tor own 
hix ige dbte rat In super CM hse 
with all mod cons. Nr tube. £60 
pw ex e ret dep. 01-228 4204. 


thanksgiving for Ihe m of ^are* room m mod town- 

the late Mrs Katherine Mary ?TSi^^S?8S4 4 7«s Ur 
Marlin will be Item ai ihe tv. ebo pw. th. aso 742 s. 

^ LATTWL Prof in.'s tor a/rm to 


tM. Blflesdon to 12 noon on aaL 26 mi» aw 

Saturday March IN 1986. AtSwMe new. £t50?m. 

IncludliiB home help. Phono Ol 

658 8641 (After 7.00pm.) 

ANNOUNCEMENTS bkauiwil re lctaw a eeaw- 

menL Untoue opportunity far 
professtonal female- Non teuok- 
EDUCATVD ENGLISH lady seeks *j- £380 per week. 255 4648. 

Inlnvxlins occupation prefix*- CR O UCH END N8. Prof M . F. 

My overseas. Frenrn toeoMno. N.S. Own room In Lux OaL Nr 
mature nd well travetied »lli BR. IB miiwaiy- £40 pw. Ol- 
littexuaHaaol driving llrence. 340 0689 teveu. 

Reply to BOX C36. The Times. FLATMATES Sctecttve Shartoo. 

PO Bom 484. Virgfada sl Lon- wen euao tabnductory service. 

*» tl. PMe tel tar appL 01489 9491. 

BUM IAMB MontpHier Modern 315 Bromptoa Rood. 6W3 
An Courses. See Education. FULHAM. Extrovert art to share 
2 Mdrm Use. qua. ctv 5 nuns 

lube. £38 pw. Ring 828 9297 or 

381 1608 after 730. 

BIRTHDAYS FWtoAlLfn.stoshare three bed HENLEY ON THAMES 140 yr old 

house, darden. Ch. £190 del cun. auiet a nr tn rent. 3 

pcm. tori. 9 37 8464 ext 571. bed. Ige L R. ku. bnth. croon. 

nw Rebecca dtore Hetotae l **£25? m CSr^mm 0 ' 

year aw yesterday, happy w £STSS* < nS5£ *J£ HOT " 574W - 

birthday with love from 
Mummy and Daddy. 

OJLfKD. Happy Birthday tn I 
Brecon ■■ 66 yearn on. 


PROPERTY TO LET 
# LONDON 


TOTALLY RtrURBUHKU fuity 
ruriUsneo. outei oib floor no. 
Crrnwan Odns- SWT. Lovely 
ouHooka. Lounge, targe douMe 
bed A Stogie bed. Newly rated 
tdi. and ML £178 P-w. 1 year 
min. Weal Co. LoL Tct 01-937 
2311 »«r Bam. 

MET 2 bed. 3rd floor fumiMwd 
flat. Avail mtd March. £230pw. 
CtonpBny/prtv let 6-12 nmntm. 
No meats. Tel day: 01-235 
0201. Eves 600930: 01-373 
7486. 

HLACKMCATH SC lL toranc. 
c c rum. flat. DbL bed.. I. room. 
UL A di ow er. CH. 3 mtna. sta- 
tion. £310 pem Inc. gasiclec. 
T*t:3l8 4980 icvosk 


and Marianna. Funeral Ser- I JUFF John Christopher on Feb 


vice at Si Sophia Greek 
CaUtedralal 10.3Oam on Sol - 
urday March 1st Donations 
If desired lo Cancer 
Research. 

BALMOHD - On Febnucy 
24th. peacefully at Wanslead 
HosoltaL after a long iUneas 
endured with quiet courage. 


26. peacehilly In haspilal af- 
ter a short illness, dearly 
beloved husband of Marjorie- 
dear father of Tim and 
grandfather of Rupert and 
Arabella. FUneral service to 
Eastbourne Cremaiorium at 
1pm on Wednesday March 
8th. Family Dowers only. 


ANNOUNCEMENTS 


EDUCATED ENOUM lady seeks 
Intemting occupation prefm- 
aty overeres. Frenrn auk toe. 
iWorr and well nvetted With 
toteroMtonal drivtog Iriim. 


HANTSJDORSET, A 
LO.W. 


Hugh John Arnold, aged 74 1 LOFTUS - on Februray 23rd 


years, former Re gistra r of 
Ute University of CeyJoo. 
Registrar of the University of 
He. Nigeria. Beloved husband 
of Ruth, and much loved fa- 
ther of Cecil. Funeral Service 
al SI Mary's Parish Church. 
Woodford High Road. Eia 
to 10.30 am. on 2SUi Febru- 


1986 peacefuBy In a nursing 
home. Clare Loftus beloved 
mother of Arate. David and 
lan- Funeral 3 pm. February 
27th to Sl Mary 1 *. . 
Hardlngtan. Mandevlle 
Ftowers lo J.H. GiUard. 
StofonL Yeovil or donations 
to a charity of one’s choice. 


ary. followed by family j MACLAUOHUN 




latm aawiraii travel. 

Contact the experts 10 Laun 
America. Qub a 1st Class. Ca- 
ribbean. USA 6 Mexico. 
Sunatr. 01-629 1130. 


SOUTH AFRICA Jotoora IT £466. 
Ol 884 7371 ABTA. 


OXFORDSHIRE 


cremation. AH enquiries to 
W. English & San. 190 
George Lane. South Wood- 
ford. Tel 01-989 8422. 

BULSBOmraW On Feb 17. 
1 986. quietly and very 
peacefully. John L. 
Bflsborrow. of HanunersmlOi 
and Marlow. The funeral has 
taken place. 

BATON Henry Basil F.C.A. of 
Darnngtan and Rio de Janeiro, 
was totened Slg Feb. ai- 
Bergen. Norway- 

BLACKWELL John Maurice 
on February 24th peacefully 
at Stafford Court wa aged 
83. very much loved and 
sadly missed by Muriel and 
family and mends- Service 
Monlake Crematorium. 
Tuesday 4th March 2J50pm 
flowers to J-H. Kenyon LUL 
49 Marioes Road. 
London. WB. 

CALLENDER Ruth Jean On). 
widow of Rex. of Croft Col- 
lage. Cheat Toiharo, Essex, 
an Ihe 24(h of February. 
1986. Funeral to Chelmsford 
Crematorium. 10,30 a-m_ 
Dm 3rd of March. 

CLARKE - On February 24th 
1936. peacefully ai home. 
John Francis. 9 Quayside. 
Admirals Quay. Bridgewa- 
ter. Somerset aged 72 yean. 
Funeral amice at si Mary's 


Wednesday March 5th al 
1-50 b m. No flowers or let- 
ters please. 

CROWLEY Sister Jean on 24th 
February 1986. of St Maura 
Convent Weybrtdge. 

Requiem Mass al Sl Maurs 
Chapel on Monday 3rd 
March ol 1030am. 

CURTtt Gladys Bryson on 
February 26th 1986 in her 
90th year, beloved wife of 
Ihe late R.G. (Bob) Curtis and 
much loved mother of Mar- 
garet Pappworih and 
Marjorie Fowler, grandmoth- 
er of Penmnah. Rachel and 
Adam and greatgrandmother 


peacefully on Febnnry 17th 
of Old Rectory Cottage. 
LawfonL Essex, widow of 
Col: A.M. MadaughUn 

C.S.E., adored mother of Ps- 
nekwe EUtott and Priscilla 
judson and dearly loved 
*- grandmother of Richard. Ak 

nllh exander and Jenny. Funeral 

has was private at her request. 

Donations If desired to St 
■ of M ary's C hurch. Lawford. 

MOFFETT. Suddenly at 
NlncweOs Hospital. Dundee, 
rtf* On February 2SOi 1986 The 

„ik. Reverend Patrick Johnston 

Moffett O.B.E.. RN. Of 10 
^ Queens Gardens, a Aad- 

—h rews. Beloved husband of 

*LZ Maria Louise Wilson and 

_■ rather of Joanna. Mary. 

h,. Gabriefle and John. Funeral 

service m Holy Trinity Par- 
ish Church. St Andrews on 
Friday February 28th to 
1.30pm. Thereafter lo Wrk- 
. ... 1 caldy Crematorium tot 
3.00pm. No flowers please. 
„ but donattom if desired to 

Clamis House. Cheshire 
***: Hornes. Blair Avenue. 

^ Gten routes. 

UL 

MORGAN John Edward Row- 
I4(h land on 22nd February aged 

me. 86. most beloved father of 

Me. John and grandfather of 

wa- Mary. John. Eka. Anna and 

an. Thomas. Funeral Bridge 

ry's Church. KenL 

rat O'NOLL > on February 24th 


GOLDEN 

ANNIVERSARIES 


KEL-BEAOHEAO. On Feb 

27th 1936 to St. George's 
Church. Penang. William 
John Peel lo Rosemary Mia 
Ml nla Readhead. Now al 81 
Cambridge sl London SWl. 


SERVICES 


HOMEST ADVICE tor SRUU Ini 
nesses. Reasonable fixed fees. 
TH; 01-429 8442. 

REBBCaMAimO? Skated Carina 
work on potentially Deautuul 
ptorrs. Peter 01-482 3283. Be- 
crol rrfe. 


wruien and produred 
cumcukaa ilut aonaaents. 
DtUM Ol-aao 29M. 
fll E HB l N P. une or Mnrkp. 
AM n ee*, areas. DaMmr. Dent 
I7SD S3 Abtoodon Read. Lon- 
don W& TeC 01-938 1011. 


LEGAL SERVICES 


US VMA MATnenjEA Cutteon. 
US lawyer. 17 BuMtrode a. I 
London wi. 01-486 0813. 


1986. to St Joseph's Nursing 
Home. In ids 87U» year. 
Hugh, of 10 The Aldere. 
Cwmbran (Professor Envtrt- 
1UL UnlvtoYlty College of 
Swansea), beloved husband 
of ihe late Barb ara: wia be 
greatly missed by Ida family 
and many frlotufc. Requiem 
Man to ll uu. on February 
28m. to Sl Joseph's Nursing 
Home, followed by burial to 
Oystermouth Cemetery. 
Swansea to IM p.m. No 
flowers by requesL Aflerna- 
garei Pappworih and lively, donabora lo the 

Marioiie Fowler, grandmoth- Sisters ol St Josephs, the 

er of Penmnah. Rachel and Nursing Home. Maims. New- 
Adam and greatgrandmother port- Gwent RXP. 

^ *5®*' f«l»L Jonathan PEEBLES Mariorte Grace on 


WANTED 


BALDWIN Afmqun require 
rou top A praesial onio. book- 
caws. uwi (KPrv lrq 
waroroom. ctmts. pictures etc. 
01-888 0148 or 01-228 2716 
NIMBY TKHET8 WANTED En- 
gland vs ireteM- E n reB c nl 
prices PUL Tab 01-8366771 A 
040 8104. 

•OVAL ASCOT BOX WANTED 
MMk er nays. Tel: 0783 
8612B2 Wkmdim. 


told Eteanor. No flowers but 
dontotons if desired to 61 
Raphael's HosMce Fund. Sl 
Anthony's HospUaL London 
Road. Chean. Surrey. 

FARRER-SHOWR Ofl 28th 
February peacefully at home 
Doris Evelyn of Lewes, dear- 
ly Joved wife of Leslie memer 
of Makofm and Geoffrey and 
grandmother. Family Funer- 
to. no nowere pirese. but 
*^»wb If desired tor Ylc- 
tom. hospua lenqoe of 
c -o Cooper A Son 
Funeral Service. 42 High 
s*™*. Lewes. 


25th February 1986 in Htffl. 
aged 85 years of Lynwood 
Cirencester Road. Tetbury. 
wife of the late Dr. David 
James Peebles, dearly loved 
mother o# Peneioge and Jean 
and grandmother of Stephen. 
Elizabeth. Gordon and Stu- 
art. Funeral Service to Si 
Mary's Church. Tetbury on 
Tuesday March 4th to 2pm ■ 
followed by Cremation in '■ 
Cheltenham, family flowers ! 
only please, donations If so 
wished to Parkinson's dis- 
ease Society c. o L.E. Perry 
Funeral Directors Tetbury. 


FOR SALE 


RESIST* CARPETS 
SALE NOW ON 

! Massive stocks of woo? 
blended Bobers from 
£3-95 + VAT. Plus many 
bargains in room aixes. In 
all qualities. 

255 New Kings Boad 
Parsons Green SW6 
TeL- 01-731 2588 
Free estimate 
- Expert fitting. 



H O T. 574437. 


Suntor. 01-629 1130. SWITZERLAND Scheduled fHpmi 

LATM AMERICA. Low com 01-734 2388 ABTA ATOt 

Atoms e-s- Mo £498- Lima MENORCA. TCMOBFE, creek to- 
C476 rirv. Also Small Group lands. Algarve . Vidas AM* 
Hobday Journeys, jm Ol -747- PeiWwis Tavsnaas. Hobdays A 

3108 Fllgms. Sunnw / Winter Qro- 

DI8C0IMT8 ULEmsany uck. raure ^ ooofctoBi wUy toract 

«*. Try us fTOm. The Seecialius. vnum 

fax FUCHTBOOKERS 01-387 Hdldays. T<H 0742 31100. 
9100. TAKE TORE OFF to Parts. Am- 


FLY FROM MANCHESTER 
A CATW1CK 

FOR DL-TY FREE SK8NO 
FROM ONLY £99 
IN THE AMAZING 
PRINCIPALITY OF 
ANDORRA. 

HOTELS A- APARTMENTS 
. FREEDOM HOLIDAYS 
Ol 741 4686-061-236 0019 
ATOL 432 IATA AiTO 


YORKSHIRE 


BRADFORD dM 3 db DM bunga- 
low- ext views. 2 bathroom. 6 
car parage, utility room, laun- 
dry. dMng area. S2fl lounge. 
(Id ktuiten. large garden, nr 
m.*ray». onm over £ 66 . 000 . 
ring Bradford 601188. 





iWl 


SKITIQIMI 1st March. 4 per so ns 
studios, roach iraiei. linen. 6 
day Itfi pass. £ 1 72pp or catered 
mater with eowpmenl and In- 
stiuchon CI90PP- CUB Skt Val 
Ol 903 4444 or 01-200 6080 
<24 hrsl ABTA 56431 ATOL 


mMmm 


MB IT Repnca. Red. ZOOOcr en- 
Bine. ProflrsHonai reottod pal 
comrtetexL £4.9B0 one. Sumi- 
L' Aion (07a9)74064a 


REGISTRATION 

NUMBERS 


. Be more select 
about your winter sun 
holiday in ■ ■ 


FANTASTIC SKI bargains, cha- 
lets. hotels, apartments, air 
steeper coach and sen drive. 
BooKing hoUne with Arret* & 
VIM. EM West 0378 864811. 


SKI ITALY - Suffed ctuM avail- 
wxr now umu Easter at cheap 
rales. Teii 0264 810044. 


ADMM PA/BSC 21 "ish wHl strive 
EooWno after properties from 
leases lo fabrics hi prestigious 
SWl Co. Gonskleraole Invol.e- 
iwe nt with ctteni* and general 
admin. Ateirile shorthand, 
some audio. Training an WP 
and Cheetah, c -OS. 700 pa. 6 
weeks hols. - fringe beneflH. 
Joyce ouumos Ol 8W 
8807 OOIO I Rec OoMi 
SCNIOR ADMIN MCC 26101 
wflh good -shonnaiHl typing. 
Some audio, wlli have ronsdri- 
awe shared reroonNHUly with 
young ntmg executives of Mgli ; 
IV successful city Ga. Personal 
reneoiuiMi&y lor some stair 
wwdn ute Rersanort deoan- 
'jnent. Travel to eKhawlons. 
lunches etc.' c_Cio.OOO pa. 
Fringe benetns. Free parking 
Joyce Gamma .Ol 689 
8807 OOIO iRec Colts) - 


£7.600. A confident young 
secretary who has cxceiieni 
*wretart a t and torito skids tt 
needed tw the Chauitian of IMs 
City Coroorauou. He K also a 
civic dtonttary so yovr win ar- 
raw numerous social 
towrtkms. travel nmortes and 
torfcje a lot of his personal 
won. There M a friendly (para 
atmosphere and norctleM perks 
JSfST™ fm* touch. Skins 
90 ao .mease contact Caroline 
Ktog AopawtmcMs an Ol 499 


IM* * Review.- This 
won known Intcmaiional cos- 
mette ■ Horae require a 
minimum of 4 years experience 
>0 Sam AdrairamraQon. You 
Nwuid br agrcr between 26toL 
have- -a Level hnd atoitflra- 
00 m. practical experience with 
comouieni ana aa extrovert 
oereonamy. Excehoni perm bv 
ctudlng aaarteriey cosmetic 
totowanre. me BLP4 and TBp 

US* row*" Carottne 

"top Appotmraenis 00 Ol 499 

6070 


COURSES 


SHORT UfTENSfVE Typewriting 
induiduai turnon / speed de- 
iNopmeat. Etecloc/eterironic. 
4 wu lull lime day. Beg in ners 
Mar 3 / Aunt 7. Tel. Mrs Plum 
01629 2904, The Langham 
Ornlre. 10 Owuaven SL Rsrk 
Lane. LONDON Wl. 

WDUET HALL, home study tar 
OCX. London Dwm btec. 
Prospectus The Prmnpai. Dept 
AL2. Wotsey Hafl. Oxford 0X2 
OPR Tri: 080654231 124 heu. 

BOMIAMSO wk. run tame. C20RI 
Visual Art* Course start*. 9m 
April Apply Prmnpai 01-684 
0667. 



i"- Wi V‘ if 

Selea boikloys wf '•x |tnri)> ai ramfcil nnt sm«pl> porfcsrfrff. 

In Eilal wenilmr ymi aU Ihelnfi hotels, bi-m iht- King .Anlnny m 
I'toarehiCldhln. tlieLaflrintu.ami ihe Kisimr - ink 1 1 mi ti-vnif 
suit or- I he best F.xtnivitlik'fedhxvsuy Iwlelhni'Urllnihnnl 

meal pLms ukl ii «upei uiilofviiiqivihp |u<f nniMsisdi 

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> 


THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 77 1955 


BBC 1 


• — * " i £.! 1700 

Ayy s television and radio programmes 


31 


.... V' 


*■3 






f-OD CaatexAM. 
sso gMWMtjnm. with Frank 
Bough and Debbie 
G^rwraod. Weather at 
8^. 7-25, 7 -55, 225 and 
8^reg»Dnal news, 
wither and traffic at 6^7. 
'7,27, 7.57and &27; 
national and international 

I’M 

7.20 and 220; and a 
review ot the morning 
newspapers at 8 .37. plus, 
Zoe Brown's teenage 
report; and Richard^ 
Smith's 'phone-in medical 
advice. 

9*20 Ceefax 1030 Play School 
Presented by Fred Haris 

1Z30 News after Noon With 
francos Coverdateand 
Motra Stuart, includes 
news headBnes with 
subtitles 1255 Regional 
news. The weather 

t come from Ian 


TV- AM 


6.15 flood 


_ -. -and Nick Owen. 

Ejwroses Bt&20; news 

«£*??&755 , sr > 

6J® and 7.34{ regional 

reuntone at 245: toolaa 


t Ot 245; topless 

comments on unless 
modeling at 9.14 


IT V/ LONDON 



• The strange sound I heard 
l on afl around me at the 


Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter DavalJe 


SS&EKSV 0171 * 


--t*FAB7Y (BBC 2, 

S^SSaSfSlfanLtion 

unfolded, I half expected to 
* me moureteofwhrte 


powder on the carpet) must 
be careful not to add to that 


defamation ^saying that the 


fekesaquartat 
weB-heeled. 


die finesse of a sadistic 

SS^SSh 9 ^ 0010 ' 

vary British -more than any other 

race m the world." "I’d no 

on a cat shoot I hate them Dogs 
ara mo re bloody use than 
jjremen"... "Everything's got its 
Prtce^norals don't come into 
it — . "The unemotovBd represent 


we learn, wem down under tha 
ancestor of one of the four 

“Sherman. I doubt if I would have 
greved overmuch M this 
Pemiand Firth fun-boat had 
sprunk a leak. 

YES, PRIME MINISTER 


8.05 Morning Concert (contd): 
Boredm (in the Steppes 


ot Central Asia): Haydn 
llfcUszt 


Symphony no 31); La. 

- Concerto No 1: with 


ends its run tonight (BBC 

i Hacker putting 


2.9.00pm) with 

his populamy rating above ha 
defence policy, and given a 


Martha 
LSO). !MXfNi 
This Week's I 


*arth|Anpjenrt and die 


a threat to i 


toKer ° fh - cu ^ te -MC thanks 


i through the 
rttand Rrthis 


fS 2»meswsws headlines. 
9-30 ^Schools: the making 
ofMcks, and brickwork 


T *" TTlmaim, Anuixli 
Channel 4, 9_30pm 


waters of tba Panttand l 
e ship of fools, but I must 

confess that the thought dd 

cross my mind more than 
once. Hera is a random 
sptocaon of their philosophical 
views JeOvared in between 
despatching a conger eel with a!) 


otder;\.--A wife would be all right 
tor driving you home when 
you re (fl r unk-^.." D on-t shoot the 

little birds - wst wound 


vds -tost wound 
them.".._"Tnel 


i British are bloody 
n*» people: their racial 
chara c»rtslics ara aB the 
same. ■..."I'm not wonted 
about the country: I'm worried 
about me. 1 The Mary Rose, 


at 


1 ’°° £•***• at Owl Ted 
Wragg, professor of 
education at Exstar 
Urtvarefty. talks to Tom 



1 School in Srnton- 
avAshfteld, about how 
immunity schools work. 
Plus, advice on waflpapen 
and hofldays in Britain 


1.85 Hokey Cokey. A See- 
mmefortfte 


Saw programme 
vwy young with Chtoe 
Ashcroft and Don 
(r)3L00 Ceefax 34 
Regional news. 

3*35 J-T.V. Tea-time Television 
for the very young 4.10 
SuperTed looks for Inca 
treasure (r) 4.15 


Bait 

school id.il a study of 
Jje£f f® of a famHy of daw 
1228 Sexual encounters 
11*03 Computers In 
everyday life 11.20 how 
fto5coptersfly 1lJS7How 
wo used to five. The 
mstaHation of electricity in 
ahome. 7 

Gus, GorStamdGidSy^ 
to the station 1210 
Pudcfle Lane. Puppet 
^ww wrtfo Nei tones 1230 
. ThoSuBvana. 

1 -°° News at Owe with Leorrard 
Paridn 1.20 Harms news. 


revelation feat a former 
head of MJ5 was a Soviet spy.l 

regret that what is the 
funniest comedy series on 
television has recently shown 
sifly and fantastic streaks.Having 
saw that I must ten you that 
paradoxically, tonight's tale is 
one of the best of toe 
bunch precisely because it 
incorporates a shamy dog 

story ' Peter DavalJe I 


9-05 Jhts week's Composer. 
Stenhammar . Rosenberg 
ajw»Bwnent of Chittra.Xto 

*3; first movement of Tha 
Sang (with sofowts Iwa 
Sorenson, Anne Sofia 
van Otter. Stefan Dehlbaro 
andPorAme 
WBhlgran.wmi Swedish 
RSO); String Quartet No 

10.00 Pfttzner Three 
Orchestral 


DutiHeux (For i 

85); Schubert (Piano < 
Andantlno vanee in B 
minor. D 823; Marche 
ca r actertstique m C. D 
968. No 2). 

940 The Pofeti Ship: Alan 
Dobie reads the story by 
Eugene Dubnov. 

10410 Music in Our Tune: 
James Clarke 
(Forsvfnna), Klaus. Huber 
(Nudoqueainsii 


(Movement vor der 
Eratanung); Raxach 
(Vorbce); Michael Tories 
11.10 BBC Northern Singers; 
11-57 News. Until 12.00 


BBC 2 


1240 The 


6^5 Open University: 
ono Assumptions. 

948 Daytime on Two: maths - 
seas 940 Thinkabout 
10.15 Science: cleaning 

1&38 Creatures that lira in 


foeffiPf to*** of the soil 
11-00 The history of ; 


Falcon 



with pat 1 

. Smith's The ! 

440 Ulysses 31. i 

. __ science fiction adventures. 
445 John Craven’s 

Nemround 545 Blue 
Peter. Peter Duncan joins 
toe crew of dustcart 71 in 
Sfwpherd's Bush (Ceefax) 
545 First Class. The second 
semifinal of toe video quiz 
for schools features teams 
representing Haworth 


Crest. 225 Home Cookery 
Club. The reewe for Laek 
'n* Lamb Platter. 

240 fteyttrae. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a studio dscussion 
on a matter of topical 
importance 340 Gems, 
serial set to toe Covent 
Garden workshops of a 
teshwn design company 
345 Thames news 
headBnes 340 Sons and 


-/alocal 
11142 Course options 
for the over-1 3s 11.45 
ratifies; what is the value 
of toe vote? 1205 Lesson 
17 of an Italian 
conversation course far 
beginners 1240 Tourists' 
German conversation 
course. Lesson seven 
1245 David Befiamy 
“rtfoues his exploration 
of America and its 
bogntolhlstory (Ceefax) 
140 Italian conversation 


230 Snooker. The first 
semifinal of the Dulux 
British Open, introduced 
tor Dickie Davies from toe 
Assembly Rooms, Derby. 
440 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner of toe anagrams 
and mental arithmetic 

Richard WNftjUy^ha* 


C Radio 4 


5*55 
840 News I 


6.10 _ 
645 Pr 
640 To 


: Weather 


540 


^Tbe Fighting 69th* 
3 James 
J'Brian and 


_ t story of tw 
dtijdren who five in ArgyO 
240 Fbr four- and fivth 
year olds 215 Musfc: 

340 Ceefax. 

545 News summmy with 
subtitles. Weather. 

540 Rad Henkes. A 
documentary about 
political pop music 
featuring leading 

_ „ ®to«}ents of the genre. 

640 Star Trtelc The Enterprise, 
travalBng back in time on a 
research mission, 

■nfercopt a transporter 
beam carrying a humanoid 
who claims h» mission is 
to save the world. 

640 Discovering Animals. 

Tony Soper, to the test 
programme of Ws series, 
considers cats and dogs 
and reminds us that one is 

a soda! animal, the other a 
loner 

7.15 Far From Paradise. The 
final programme of toe 
series examining future 

no GESESSSSSSr 

Jordan looks at the 
Wiltowberb 


. and Aylesbury 
GrammarSchoof 
640 News with Nicholas 
WHcheB and Frances 
. _ Coverdale. Weather. 

645 London Ptus. 


740 Top of the Pops, 
by Paul 


Jordan 


presented I 
and Steve L. 

740 EastEndars. cnaos reigns 
- behind the scenes at the 
Queen Vic; Mary turns to 
Andy for help; and Dot’s 
secret is disarrared by 
Jony. (Ceefax) 

640 Tomorrow’s WorffUn 
Hong Kona. Howard 
Stabfefordand Judith 
Harm examine toe public 
and private transport 
systems; how ancient 
oriental customs are used 
in modem architecture 
techniques; and at how a 
blend of eastern and 
western medicine could 
provide a new . 
contraceptive. 1 
640 A Question of Sdj 
B eaumont andL 
Hughes are Joined l 


440 The Giddy Game Show. A 
r^eatofftw programme 
shown at noon 4.10 BH 
the Mhidar. Cartoon 
series 4.15 Ragdofly 
Anna. Adventures of a 

ffiss 

BeOsmy's Bugle. David 
Betamy's conservation 
series 445 Dodger. Boazo 
and the Rest Serial set in 
achUdren’s home. 

5.15 Thames Spoit inefodes a 
visit to Lamboume to find 
put how toe cold weather 
is affecting Cheltenham 
Festival pre 
of J 


bh 


Jester Olsen. Sandy Lyle, 
XjandKafoy 


David Pickerings. 

Cook. The questionmaster 
is David Coleman /Ceefax) 

940 A Party Political 
Broadcast by toe 
Conservative Party. 

945 News with Ju&a Somervflte i 
and John Humphrys. 
Weather. 

945 Crinmwatch UK. Nick 
Ross and Sue Cook 
introduce reconstructions 
of cases inclinfing the 
murder of 19-year old 


lugby Unfon international 
between Ireland and 
England; and action from 
toe Dulux British Open 

Nicholson 640 Thames 
news. 

645 HelpIVivTaytor Gee tests 

645 Crossroads. Nicola 
■ receives a. bombshefl from 
SirBUL 

740 Emmerdale Farm. Amos 

.. .. Breartey is determined 
tnet the Woolpack should 
• sefl vintage wmes. 

740 Knight Rider. Michael 
Knight is shat and nearly 
dies. During his 
convalescence he 
becomes depressed and 
redetermined to leave the 

... Foundation, but Devon 
Miles plots an emotional 
strategy to make him stay. 
Fantogton of the FCL 
series starring 
_ , home as the 
British Consul-General to a 
Latin American banana 


War drama about the 
exploits of a New York 
tosh regiment from toe 
time of their training to 
toeir heroics in the 
trenches. Directed tw 

investigates the crisis in 
the prison workshops 


system with visits to 


iTc . 
rforthei 

„ ^ * n Cl $40,'740 1 
230 news, 6.45 Business 
^^645,745 Weather. 

740,840 News. 

940 NnwR 

60S TheNatural History 
programme. Fergus 
Ke^ng and Lionel Kafleway 
wW) natural history news. 

9^ Women: Equal sex? Bel 
Mooney asks four 
women aged 20 to 50 
whether toe fairer sex 
has achieved equakty with 
men (3) A Woman ami 
the Law (r) 

1040 News; Medfctne now. 

, ft Watts) 

Montgomery Reader 

Michael Elder. 

1645 An Act of Wbrship (s) 

1140 News: Travel; Analysis: 


iSK^r ua,R8 « n 

740 News 
745 The Archers 
740 Any Answers? A chance 
to air your views on 
some of the subtects raised 
in last week's "Any 
Questions?" 

7.40 Save the wales. Patrick 
Hannan in search of the 
^teWynen" one of the 


vaiton, Bedford and 


Moving the Colossus. 
MarkFn 


640 Brass Tacks: Face to 
Face. FoOowfng last 
week's programme in 
which two victims met toe 
criminals who offended 
against them, tonight's 
offering examines the 
implications for the 
victims, toe criminals and 
the courts, and asks 
whether the victim should 
have a say to the 
punishment of the 
criminal. 

9.00 Yes, Prime Minister. 


7.00 Channel 

tocludes a report from Nik 
Gowing in Volgograd on 
the state of tha Russian 
agricultural industry and a 
special report from Peter 
assorts inside Satialtold 

7-50 Comment. With bis views 
on matters of topical 
Importance is fvor 
Bragatos, a car worker 
from Cowtey. Weather. 

640 The Art of Perst 
Christopher Fra 
professor of Cuftura) 
History at the Royal 
College of Art, continues 
hre series on advertising 
with a look at the 
corporate variety which 
began, arguably, with 
Shell in the Thirties when 
they persuaded famous 
artiststopatotpastersfor 
them to the hope that the 
general pubfic would stop 
behaving aggressively 

towards the company. Did 

they succeed? {Oracfe) 

840 Treasure HcmL JHi and 
Martin King from Harrow 
send Anneka Ride 
skimming over the 
Yorkshire Dales in a 
breathless search for 
hidden treasure. Kenneth 
KendaH is in toe, studio 
dealing out the cryptic . 
dues. 

940 Rim: Richard's Things 
(1981) starring UvUknann 
as Kate Morns, a happily 
married woman whose me 
is suddenly shattered by 


rrankland discusses 
th e cha nces fbr a 
transformation in the Soviet 
Union since Mr 
Gorbachev became the 
Soviet leader (r) 

11*48 Thought for food, Bab 
Symos reports on 
traditional European food. 
Today: Wiener SchnrtzeL 
1240 News: You and yours. 

1247 Film Star. Alexander 
Walker recalls the screen 
career of Sir Alec Guinness 


845 More fix' Love than 

Money. Lynn ten Kate 
talks to people who do 
things more for love lhan 
money. 

815 Pillars of Society. A 
critical look at Scotland 
Yard. With Peter KaBner 
200 Does he take sugar? 

940 John Ebdon in the BBC 
Sound Archives 
9-45 Kaleidoscope, with Paul 
VaughanJndudes 
comment on the film Mr 
Love, and The Saxon 
Shore, at the Almeida 
1215 A Book at Bedtime: 

"Lake Wob 
by Garrison ... 

11.15 The Financial World 


.Barfin' 

1225 Duos lor Violin and 
Guitar: Jeen-Jacques 
Kamorow and Anthea 

Gifford. 

1145 Beriin Phflharmanlc: with 
David Levine, piano. Part 
onoMoxart (piano Concerto 

11-40 six Continents; foreign 
radiobroadcasts, 
monitored by me BBC. 

1240 Concertparttwo. 
Rachmaninov 
jSymphony No 2). 1.00 

145 Bristol Lunchtime 
Conceit Nash 
Ensemble. -Mozart (Adatso 
and Rondo, K 61 7); 

Bortxfin (Piano Quintet in C 
rrtnori; Balakirev (Octet, 

Op 3). 

and Ravek 


YMF ortyrOpen Ureversrty.Frofn 
835am to 645. 


C Radio 2 ) 


440 Colin Berry (4640 Ray 
Moore (s) 805 Ken Etiuce (s) 1230 
Jimmy Young tod food 
information from Tony De Angefi (s) 
1.05pm David Jacobs (s) 208 
Qtona Hwniford 340 Paly Political 
Broadcast by the Conservative 
18351 


i Music ai the way (s) 


Hamilton ^S) BJ» 


John Dunn Ind. at 845 (mf only) 
Spottand Oassifted Results (s) 
i Introduces 
I Moe 



200 


! Orchestra, with 
soloists ABstm Pearce. 
AteonHargan, Vanessa 
Williamson . Laurence 
Date, Christopher 
Underwood, f 


> desk 1040 Ken Dodd's 
Palace oi Laughter 1040 Star 
Sound extra. Nick Jackson with 
film music and sequences 1140 
Brian Matthew presents Round 
Midnight (stereo from midnight) 
140am Peter Dickson presents 
Nightride (5)340-440 ALiffle Night 
music (s) 


( Radio 1 ) 


(Scene lyrtmie: L'« 
uefc Ravel ( 


protfigueh Ravel (the 
Alcyone, 


and the 


cantata; 
cantata Alyssa. 

340 Bach: Yossi Zivoni 
(viodn). Sonata in G 
minor, BWV 1001; Partita in 


Read 


E, BWV 1006). ' 

sh SO: Schubert 


1140 To 


„ - -ay to Parliament 
1200 News: Weather 
VHRavaitabte In England and S. 
Wales only) as above ext 
800am Weather Travel I 
1245 For schools: 80S 


440 BBC Welsh 

(Symphony No 5). 445 
News. 

800 Mainly for Pleasure: 
640 Bandstand: Jaguar 
Cars. City of Coventry, 
Band: Jean Bafcssat 


News on the half-hour from 
6.30 am until 930 pm and at 12.00 
midnight 800 am Adrian John. 

740 Mike Read. 940 Simon Bates. 
1230pm Newsbeat (Steve 
Arnett). 1245 Gary Davies. 340 
Steve WnghL 540 Newsbeat 
(Steve Ametn. 5L45 Bruno 
Brookes. 742 Janice Long, ind 
800 Jods Hofland reviewing the 
week's music press. 1040- 
1240 Andy Kershaw (s). 


WORLD SERVICE 


(Sinfonietta fbr brass 
band, No2);F 


640 


Sa3y.tifetortS toedeatoerfherhusband 

— JL* I - andbytoe discovery that 

for the 


940 


lUenory.Maryis 


and 


W 


Alison Day in 
an armed robbery In 
Manchester. 

1215 Question Time. Sir Robin 
Day's guests are Tony 
Bonn, Joe Haines, Michael 
HesaWne, and Roy 
Jenkins. 

11.15 Can You Avoid Cancel? 

The fast of five 
programmes on how to 
reduce the risks of 
contracting the (fisease (r) 
11.40 Crimo wa t ch Update. Nick 
Ross and Sue Cook with 
the latest devetopments 
and reminders about toe 
cfuesgfvi 
1140 Weatiw 


, husband with the local 
femme fatale- - 
640 TV Eye. Sir Alastair Burnet 
interviews Nefl Kiimock on 
the topics of uniting his 
own party and toe 
prospects of winning the 
next election. 

1200 A Party Potokad 

Broadcast on behalf of the 
Conservative Party. 

1205 News with Sandy GaH and 
Pamela Armstrom 
Weather followed 
Thanes news hK. 

1045 Snooker. The fast 
semifinal of the Duktx 
British Open 
1215 NfgMTharatots 


senes, and Jim Hacker is 
gyen a hot potato when 
M15 announce that a 
recently deceased head of 
their department was at 
one time spying tor toe 
Russians, (see 
ChotaeKCeefax) 

940 |W Minides: The Fishing 
Party. Four prhrfleged 


jrou^menooafeWng 


/ to Scotland last 
autum n give their opinion) 
on toe state of the nation 
r (see Choice) 


1210 


[ Black 82 Cliff 
Tnorbum of Canada 
meets England's David 

11235 A^qrPoSticai 

Broadcast on behalf of the 
Conservative Party. 

1240 N e i wrU ght 11^5 
Weather. 

1140 Open IMvereftK 
Weekend Outlook 1145 
forages of the Third World. : 


she had a rival ... 

affections of him. When 
she meets Josie, the other 
woman, her initial 
antagonism turns to 
depmdence on the 
woman, so much so that 
she tries to cub Josie's 
independence which she 
resents. With Amanda 
Redman as Josie, Tim 
Ptgott-Smito as toe 
husband's partner, and 
Michael Maloney as their 
pubfic schoolboy son, BflL 
Directed by Mark Shivas. 
[11.25 Starting Out The final 
drama m toe series set In 
an inner-dty youth dub, 
tackling contemporary 
Issues — 


issues concerning young 
people. Tonight, Steen 
and Tony fight to keep toe 
youth dub c^en but the 
battle ends in a way 
neither of them envisaged. 
Starring Yolande Palfrey 
and Frank ARan-Fbrbes. 


1245 weather 
^P^WorWatOnaNews 
145 A Party Political 
Broadcast by the 
Conservative Party 
140 TheArdiars 

240 NewsfvSoman's Hour. 
IrrJsEtang a feature on 
women entrepreneurs, and 

Itemembered 
100 News; The Afternoon 
ptey "Wish You Were 
Here " by Lee GaBaher. with 
Sean Barrett and 

4.00 

445 Bookshelf with Hunter 
Davies 

4^ Katekfoscope. 

640 PM: News magazine 

SL50 Shipping 
855 Weather 


for Schools, 830 Secondary 
11-14 850 First Steps 
■a (s) 1810 Playtime 1225 

Noticebpard (s)1l.05 In the 

Listenina Comer 205 The Song 
Tree (8) 220 Lwina LanounM 


. No 2); Bliss (Belmont 
Variations. Op 95) 

740 Aunt May and the Blues: 
Robert Lee talks to John 
WUernan. 

740 Birthday Choice; Sir 
Peter Pears's 75th 
bktoday concert Part one. 
With Pearafspedkeri, 
Rostropovich, Perteiia, 
Andres Schiff, Nicholas 
Daniel (oboe), Julius Drake 


Nawtort 7J» News 7J9 Tweniy- 
tourhoure 73D The Classic Albums 7.45 
NMwork UK too News 80S Refleoons 


8« .^^^sr^e aJO John pm Iloo 


2401 


|([ Radio 3 


255 Weather. 740 News. 

745 Morning Concert 
Rossini (Journey to 
Rhdms overture): CoraiN 
(Concerto Grosso teG, 

(Hute ConcwSteG. K.313: 
with WHSam Bennett 
flute). 800 News. 


) 


‘ Lme (percussion), 
oi ousky Stung Quartet 
Mozart (Oboe Quartet in F. K 
370); Peter Paul Nash 
(Earthquake); Schumann 
(Famasto in C. Op 17); 
Tchaikovsky (Nocturne for 
cello and piano. Op 19 
No 4);Britfen ( Marda, Celo 
Sonata Op 65); 

Shostakovich (Scherzo. 

Cello Sonata Op 40). 

845 One Pair of Ears: tf» . 
week's music on 
radfo.^ With Richard Mayra. 

940 Birthday Choice: part 
2.Knussen (Cantata Op 
15 lor oboe and string trio); 


BBC1 Wate * 

1 54S-640p® Wales 


Nms 109 Review of the Bnttsti Press 
815 The Wortd Today 5L30 Fvtancial 
Nera 940 Look ZlMsS 
^8°° N*** 10A1 Kings Of Swing 1030 
P* RaMoni Joftmgg of Hugo and 
Bracket 1140 News 11JM Nmni Afiout 
phtan 11.15 New ideas 11J5 A Latter 
tiarn England 1100 Redto Newsreel 12.15 
Top Tweray i^ Sports Rolmdup 1O0 
mws 1.09 Twenty-four Hours 130 Net- 
work UK 1A5 Randws and Swa^n 240 
Ouiook 2AS mZb£o5S 
100 Radio Newsreel 3.15 The Pleasure s 
Y ours 4J0 News LOS OommMfeyol 
tesjmnt AASThe World Today 5.00 
N®**, A Letter Rom England 815 
MoreUen 800 News 809 Twenty-Four 
Hows 815 A Joky Good Stow IOlOO 

Kffisgsau'sj’ss 

Britain 12.15 Ratio Newsreel «J0 Muse 
tere 1.00 News 1 JOt Outlook iM 
Ftejders md Svarm 1A5 Book Choice 
tSDbi The MaanOme 2.00 News 80S 
Review of the British Press 2.15 Bawd- 


Todmr 645-740 Bowls (Welsh in- 
door Singles Championshn) 

1 1-M-12«em Great Expenmeras 
f 2-15-1240 News and weather 
Snttand 1220-1230 Dotaman 

Northern fretand 545-5.40pm 

940 Spotlight f140-1145 News 
wjOwoather Engtand1240- 
1230pm A Whacker's World: The 
Pareuadere (North-west only:) 
235-7.00 Regional news maga- 
zines 

c hannel 

nefs 140pm Channel News 
Home Cookery Club 145 FaF 
oon Crea 340 That’s My Dog 
00 Char 


REGIONAL TELEVISION VARIATIONS 


I aloftoeRttast 800 Granada Re- 
ports 740 Falcon Crest 
1215am Close 


YORKSHIRE A* London 

| atiWwtfwr 1240 S2SP 5 
1 Lunchtime Live 140 Calendar 
, JljB*® 140 Carson's Law 345 

[ Close 


812 Puffin's I 


Channel 


ffegortjotowad by Video Cbb 


The Mike Harris Band 
I^ISten The Untouchables 
1.15 Weather. Ctosa 
TYNE TEES As London 
— except 945 


ULSTER As London except 

Mf 5 ^» Ufals 

Sfrokes 640 Good Everting utster 
825 Pofice Six 740 Tuckte's 
Witch 1045 Counterpoint 1145 
Snooker 1215am News, Close 


North East News 140* North 
East News and Lookaround 140 
Man ui a Suitcase 345 North 
East News 815 Survival of the Fit- 
test 800 Northern Life 740 FaF 
wn Crest 1215am Power 1200 
Close 

GRANAD A AsLondonmi- „ 

- cept 140 Granada 


ANGLIA As London axoept 

WBather 345 AnofeSSifSls 
About Anglia 


740-740 Mind 

1035 Folio 1145 SnookeT I 
A Question In Lem, Close 


15am 


245 Home Cookery 
3^ Grenada Reports 340 




SCOTTISH As London 

— ~ except 140 

Swtteh News 140 Bodyfine 
14 5 Ri ptide 340 Mr Smlto 815 
Blockbusters 800 Scottish 
News and I Scotland 740 Now You 
See It 740 Falcon Crest 1235 


3nooksr1215am Late Cal 
1240 Close 

S4C l-MOCotorttokiiwn 140 Al- 


ice 240 Fenestii 220 
Ftelabstem 2^ Hyn O Fyd 255 
Snooker - Dulux British Open 440 


Cartoon Carnival 850 Hanner 
Awr Rwy 8M I Dream of Jearetie 
640 Brooksxte 640 Mora than 
MBete toe Eye 740 Newddion 
Salto 740 Elinor AC Eraffl 835 
Dinas. News Headlines 945 Y 
Ctectwr945 Ffil Street Blues 
. 1040 Prospects 1140 My Britain: 
Jimmy Reid 1240 Close . 


' TSW As Loridon except 
T 211 140pm TSWNews 140 
Carson s Law 347 TSW News 
815 Gib Honeybuns Magic Birth- 
days 540 Crossroads 640 To- 
day South West 640 Emmerdale 
Farm 740 Knight Rider 800 
Busman s Holiday 1215m View 
From This Skte 1240 Postscript 
1235 Weather, Ctose^^^ 


BORDER AsLondon ex 


cept 140 Border 
mb Suitcase 


News 140 Man I 

340 The Young Doctors 215 Brit- 
ish Candid Camera 640-645 
Lookaround Thursday 1215am 
News Summary 1218 Ctosa 




GRAMPIAN As London 


.The Baron 345 North Headlines 
5-15 Blockbusters 640, 645 
North Tortight and Weather 748 
740 Random Chance 1235 
CrannTara 1145 Snooker 1215am 
News headlines and weather 
1240 Close 


HTV WEST As London 
cept 945 HTV 


News 140 HTV News 140 A 


Cotwfry Practice 245 Home Cook- 
ery Club 345 HTV News 815- 
845 British Canted Camera 740- 


Canted Camera 740- 
830 Faloon Crest 1045 Whiter 
Outlook 1840 The West This Week 
1145 Snooker 1215 Weather, 
Close 


my wales 

11.11-1046 Looking Forward 


640pm-835 Wales at Six 1235- 
1145 Wales This Week 


As London i 

- Outlook 
TVS News 140 Home 
Class 145 Falcon Crest 
Newsfoflowedi 


347 
That 1 

HaadNnesfonbwBd by Block- 
busters 640 Coast to Coast 
2615am The Untouchables 
1.15 Company, Close 


i vbNews foBowed by 
:s My Dog 812 TVS News 
*nes followed by Btock- 


CENTRAL As Lo^gn ex- 


CentrteSmws 2 ^ 10 C ° n " 


tact 140 

Man tii a Suitcase 825 Central 

News 815 British Candid Cam- 
era 640 Crossroads 645 Central 



ENTERTAINMENTS 


OPERA & BALLET 


M 


COUSEUM S 8363161 
_ _ CC 2aO S3S8 
OWLISH NATIONAL OKRA 
_ Ton i 7.30 L» 

Timor 7 00 Tha a lade Rrit 


ROYAL OPERA HOUSES 
SAVE THE WELLS 

gala performance 

mimuv Froruan- 9 at 7. so 
A vriormanr* to tugnligni irw* 
w*oru or MUrr-i wpiis Turattv 
*>"»« Urn rta s iTP. on May 17 


“6 76,1 SE 

7913 0 CC 741 9999. 826 

736® 379 MSS 
Otd Salrs 930 6193 
CC BOOKING TO XMAS -86 
LXCLUStVELY WUh FLrM Call On 
240 7200 94 Hr 7 Daw 
LAURANCE OUVKR 

awaro a am raoB 


CNN 

doth 


836 3962 


Ttr«.pb C&C25 iFovpt 8m CXflrr 
oonn ai OOOtnn on Sumuot 
OI 240 1066 I9JS 


ROYAL OKRA HOOK 

SAVE THE WELLS . 


TOMO RR OW rremary 9*7 30 

A pm o rnuwf to hntaMii liw 

r* KM or uan>-t wm Ttirairr 

wtnrn lam rloua-o on May 17 


Tirkris (5KL Sraunal on Wr 
6a> Iran bOOnn 

01-349 1066/1*11 


THE LAMBETH WALK 
MUSICAL 

»» FRANK THORNTON 


DnnM by Mtkr ommi 
NnMb at 7 JO Mai* Wed at 2.50 
A SN 4 JO I BOD 

“THE OMLVKJVE MUCfCAL 

rvs not duoyiv 

Somaior 


ALDWYCN 01-836 6404 0641. 

CC 379 6233 FvM CM 24 hr CC 

01-240 7200. E\n 7 30 

Saturday tot 8.0 

mvnm from mabch s 

ONE THIRD OFF ALL PRICES 

OPENS MARCH IB Bl 71 X» 


PAUL SHELLEY la 


■OVAL OFCM HOUSE. CcnnH 
Cardbii. WC5. OI 24C 

1066 1911 CC Standby urto OV 
856 6903. Mon SM lOam-Soni 
63 huh a- at {ram lOtm on UW 
day Ttrkrt» Ottn-a from E7.0Oi 
Balb-f from MSO 

THE ROYAL BALLET 

Today 230 6 7.30. Ttuir 7 SO La 
ran* mat gartM- Tor 730 turn. 
Ballet Casting tnfo 01-240 9616. 

THE ROYAL OPERA 

Mon. Frt 8 CO SaMcne 


THEATRES 


CC 437 

2663 4 434 3698 9 24 hr 7 day 


A new ptav by AnUiony 
MmgnMla wNh airtMoptwr 
FoUord 6 Das id Yip. 


Nay deals wilh afl 
asorrts oMouriam m BangaoL and 

may no) Or udtaMr for young 

wonip. 


. _ Wed a. WC3 
01-836 6111 CCOl-836 

1171 741 9999 Group Sem OI 
930 6123 Mon-TMn M 8pm. Frl 
al Btm 6 8.46. 


T -»S Sau 2-0 6 730. 

ACTOR OT THE YEAR 

OUyler A Standard Awards ■86 
ANTONY SUER'S 
LAST 5 WEEKS m 

TORCH SONG TRILOGY 

riWrt BNlnda 

« nmr and SAnctflir 
Miriam Karan 

“"WLLIAMTLY FUNNY” OQy 


G»W1 636 3962. Etgs R .QO , TJlU 
■ml 230 . Sal 5.30 6 830 

-»Rrm« farce AT nsierr" 
D. Man . 

TTmTIitmra of Conydy Company 
ERIC SYKES TERRY SCOYT 


MMH HUNT 


HELEN CALL I 


6UdiHf1limt Today 2.304 7 30. 
WwaBMEeT by ShaS' 
ware Tomor 7 30. rtvi, 
Marcj 1 to 4 THE ROAD TO 


1436. helin 


Prswir 741 99991 
<340 7200. 7 day 24 hr>. Crp| 


HAMMCRMimt 


APPOLO VICTORIA SL 
M6fi CC 630 6262 Ore Saica 930 
612S Ei*8 7.46 Mall Mr 6 Sal 
3 O 


“A MIMICAL THAT SURPASSES 


RUN FOR YOUR WIFE 

WrtUan and dlndM by 
_ HAT COONEY 

^ lJW ^SST^7Si 

S Ean. Sms £5.00 m 

£1030 Theatre/ dluier.-aiienan I 

‘ vSttlia at Orel# C17 2S 


»»T,LjWrE THEATRE ROYAL 

OJ -836 BIOS 01-240 9066. 7 

Fim Cafl 24 hour 7 day <x bkg 
240 7200 


Sal« 930 6123 Eire 8 0 Wrd 
Mau 30. Sail 60S 830 

HOVAE SKAMCSPEARE CO*a 

CAMILLE 

iSiirTS Cy nw. O lr Ron Damns . 

“rt«« IS MOTHBW TO BEAT 
TMS" T Out. LAST 2 WEEKS 


2311 Eire 7 46. Wad Mala. 23a 
Sa» 4 O A 7.46 


PROGRESS 


Dtrmpd by DmM Hranaa 
41 Waaa 


D _ 

STARLMHT 

MCSIC BY 
ANDREW LLOYD WEBBER 
LYRICS gy RICHARD STBLOOE 
. Dlm-lpq by TREVOR NL'NN 
APH.V MET TO SOX OFFICE 


Concauam lor O-A PS 
Abril « Tu» HU 


untu 


ASTORIA THEATRE Box Off Mb| 

CC 4. Cro ups 01-734 4287 OI- 

437 8772 


BEST MUSICAL 1985 

Tbr Tlmm| 

LENNON 

A Mrarailan mf uip rtf and mime 1 
of -Mnjaniion. 

REALLY 


P ° W nU QN THEATRE TIME- 
HOTUj«S 01636 8S3S 9 Bose 
omoe or 01-660 9562-3 
FbH Call 24hr 7 Day CC 

sw d*& p «S!Sc5 ? 0 dl “ 
TIME 

THE MUSICAL • 

CUFF RICHARD 
the'tortmyalof^SEish* | 
LAURENCE OUVIER , 

I* Mr Prevs rrom Mon 24 
•*«*>- Op«r» Wad 9 Abril at 7 
. Mob- F rl 7 30 
Thn Mai 230 Sal s* a 


42ND STRE E T 

A SHOW FOR ALL THE FAMILY 

WINNER OF ALL THE BEST 

MUSICAL AWARDS MmTSm 

Voted 

_ BEST MUSICAL 

STANDARD DRAMA AWARDS 
VMM 

t x.JiSr MUSICAL 

LAUREMCE CLfViER AWARD 

Voted 

BEST MUSICAL 

PLAVS D FLAYERS 


BOCEMMRCH THEATRE 01 838 

7735 El tidngs 7 46 mat Sat 

”»« W US tor *mnH 
CW552 wnh ouTHOsnr 

•HDTCWL DAVID 

“““WrTCH. 1*5 OOILVY and 
iteorr QUATLE -A raooal 
case D. T« -FaKlnaung 
«tiW production" Guardian 


Donmw dy Oaafl 
LmcSTUMErntMi 

tert* OAY-MIOMT hy 

MMclHriL Dteretad by Rid 

Saua. MnMd byTou 

LYRSB THEATRE Bnanrebury 


. „ ■ERA HOUSE. Cm ml 

Oardm WC201 240 1066 191 1 
CC S Sunday Info 01 636 6903 
Mon-Sat lOam esm 66 aranm I 
laxauiromiOdmoitlitoctay. 
Opera £7.00. Baud | 


T theroyal opera 

Jren BOO SahUTte. lamer. Mon. 

, n Sat- Tut \ 

7.30 II baraterr di anlglla 


AST Wl 01-457 3666. 7 01-434 

S9. ,MO OI -734 

6166 7 Flru Cat! 94 nour 7 day 

CC bookings 01-240 7200 


SIAN 


HAMPSTEAD 722 9301. Pmi 
Iran Mareh *. Hawtm Adda rea 

i£LE2Et * “re* Fimre 

ORFHAN* by Lyte Knurr _ 


JLfifiUi** WARtHD in 


WELLS 276 8816 I 
7200. Em 730, Sat Mata 230 | 

JEANNE 

Tba Mnslt al 

■re March 4. 

any kmtli I 


QUEEN’S 01-734 1166. 7141 

1 167 734 0261 734 0120 439 
3849 4394031 F.mC*UOC 24- 

hr 240 raO Ora Sate, 930 61 23. 
EiH, Sum. wtd S Sal Mabi 3dm 

MAGGIE EDWARD 

SMITH R)y 

"SESS.- 

^^Uy.-stS^ 
INTERPRETERS 

A Mw Play by 


RO YAL court theatre 
UKTA mS 01-738 2 Sm£i" 
PQJiPtayhmNT prremi 

CTIANCK by Terry 
pFajon. Eire 7 30. Sat mat 
3 30 


"rite 1 Oop 1 1 Dnr 
7pm Snow 6pm. Book Now 


ART GALLERIES 


Dternra by Mv Ydn. 


ny Lyte Knurr. , 

havmarket theatre royal 

Boa MOcr 6 rr OI -VSO 8932 Firal 
Call 24 hr 7 day cr Olga 240 7200 

PETER 0T00LE 

with 


GIGI 

Otrrrlrd by John Dmrter 
"Orarird wiui iBandtoua ; 


Booh 1-our uuh 
Prow branrtt No Book, no r- 
Prut- Pmtrwa until Marrlt 


WTOBUA PALACE 01 834 t3It 

Ll (h 7 30 Marc Sal 2.4& 


AWARD 

Evga BO. Mats Wed 3.0 
Sal 5.0 A 8.30 
Oroup Sates 01-930 6123 

NOW BOOKING UNTIL 
JAN 1987 

Party Rates Amiable 


.DORA BRYAN 


Daily Express 

Evgs 730 i tomorrow only S.OI 
Sau S O A 8 16 
Wed Mau 3 0 
Oraup Sales 01-930 6123 


MARIUS BORING 

mamam afBMBj 


COULPW^T HAVE ' DONE IT 


THE DRAGON'S TAIL 

-Funny t, EntertatehiD*' Cby 
LntMU 

A New way by Douglas wan tin g 
DtfiTM by Mirnaet Rudmaa 
Legs Monm 7.30. Thun Mai 30 
Sals SO S 8 .15 
Grow Sates 930 6123 

LAST FOUR WEEKS 


DLKC OF YOM 836 5122 CC 

836 9837 Tax 9«gg (tea Sates 

930 6123 FtKH CPU 24 Hr 7 

Day CC 940 7900 Emm e Tha 
MM 3 Sat B A 830 
ami YEAR OF THE AWARD 
wtN bdNC COMEDY HIT 

“TIW.'MPH OH TAP“ OH 

The aa comedy by Rtettard 


MdKmzte 

_ coMonror tm mu* 

flax deni Draw ml tie* Yaw 


“LAOOH YOCRSELF SaLY- 
T 4u> "HadHte. 


forraqr»“ OMnl -gaust wrw 

U4te«aTtt*re OunOWDTH 
-real* of aaprecal- Ttmas ~V% 

nm to las. Mo an > o m g-~ 


WIFE BEGINS AT FORTY 

A (kUgfttlid comedy. 

Bonfcmg Ihraogn June 1966. 

Set nn told out to and of March. 


■OLLO VKTDRU. 88 828 6665 


CC 63» 6262 Ora Sam 930 6123 

Eye* 7.4* Mate Tur A Sal 3.0. 

STARLIGHT EXPRESS 

-A M U SICAL THAT SURPASSES 


STARLIGHT EXPRESS 

AMMEwTSre^WNBSCR 

Lynn by RI CHAR D STILCOe 

ttwyied 9y TREVOR NL'NN 

APPLY DAILY TO MX OFFICE 


AddHlonal Mai Bun al 4 O 

EiMiinos Tun to Bat 8 0 
Mate Saturday * Sunday at 40 


240 

8230OC379 6665.-6433. until 
M W* 16 . Euaa 7.30 DRUB 
TKATRE CO from hwand 

reoirn wttn Hirer lasteM arun- 

nbig wena was raamuuHE 

»r» only admitted at interval. 


_ 11-6*8 8790/638 

B69I CT (Mon-Sun lOam-Bami 
ROYAL 


BARBICAN THEATRE 

OTHELLO today 2.00 A 7.30 

BSC ROYAL INSURANCE ARM 

CHAM PROMS 38 March Matte 

war £4.50 from SJO on Hie day 

THE N T LES LIAISONS 
DANCEREUSD9 by Omnopber 

Kamplon today 200 A 730 . 

MELONS bv Bernard Pomrranco 
(Us avail 6 Mar 2pm. 


PMpH HX 83 6 2294 ec 240 9661 

^ a Mat Thu 3 Sat 

56 830M Hr 7 Day First cab > 

*40 7200 

BEST MUSICAL OF 1985 

Standard Drama Award* 

MARTIN SHAW 

A* Ovb Presley 

JUST AMAUnt THE 

reWFORMAHCC IS A 


FORTUNE 8 CC 636 2238 2239 
*** » r»OlM 8.40 

COMniV OF THE YEAR 
Laurence Odvter Award 1984 
UP AHD UNDER 

. Of. John C odber 

WOHBERFIH. COMEP Y- . 

pmei - SPLENDID- o TM “ I 

One or Uve f imnt e w and least i 

OM. " EXcnement and HUarlty. I 
Bemsubng the au die nce to dap I 
■rel Cha «r " S TM. - A JOY“ EXP f 


PAUL ROGERS 
OMAN 5HEKDMN 
DAVID WALLER 

and 


LYTTELLTOR 1* 928 2262 CC 

oaauoml Theatre-S pnMcenlum 

Magei Tan 7. Totnor 7.45. SM 

2 15 How price man a 745 

then March 12 to ]& THE 

bv 


Wenuer 


THE APPLE CART 

By HOWARD SHAW 
Evg» 7 30 Mate 6 Sal 2.30 


MAYFAIR s lYt n, a->q I 
3036 741 6999 Mon- Thu 

Fn Sat SA) 6 8.10 

RICHARD TODD 


SAVOY Bm Oilirr OI 836 B88B 
CC OI 379 6219. 836 0479 Cigi. 
7 45. M at inee* Wrdnrwiav » «■> 
balurday 50 6 8 30 

■■MICHAEL FRAYN'S AWARD i 
F ARCE NOW IN ITS 
SIS V JE AS B STILL one of 
THE FLNNIEfFT THINGS I 
TOWN '■ S Timm 16 2 86 
CHRISTOPHER GODWIN 
STEPHANIE HLCH 

«XX PADCHCK 

MOIAEL COCHRANE 
TIMOTHY 
GLEXSON CARLTON 
_ MOUE5 OFF 
Do- bv MICHAEL BLAhEMORC 


MICHAEL CRAWFORD 
in BARNUM 


•OX OfflCI NOW OPE N MOM-. 

™ COLHAOW 


“"■KAN ART BALLERY, Bar 

teran Cr-ntre. ECJ OI 636 
4141 Lnlil 27 April ART A 
TNNE, lookinq at lime and irw 

■Jib aimrenutn in modern an 

Adm £1 50 and 75o. Tun Sal 

lOcun-n 45pm O read Man- 
_daym, mrept B Hefc 


Bo\ Office abo opens Sunday* 
am to 7 am lor rredu card I 
•eteptuone tmoamm only 1 


_ - 4. Old Bond Street 

?‘ a V ’408 THE BRITISH 

01 Por1ra ”‘^f 

1600- 1 8SO Until 39 Marrti 
Mon-Fn IQtr Sals 10 1 


•mBTEHAUL SWI 01 9301 
7766 839 4466 rr OI 3” 

741 9999 Gre« OL 


836 3962 


Opens 6 Marrti 7 OO Mon Frt 8.00 


CRANE KALMAN GALLERY 178 

Brwmpion Road. London S W 3 

01684 7666 -CaJear. Colour. 

£*!**• - M a iUh ol uLf of 
•'■MNnsJ’ Lntol Id Marrti. 
1986 Mon-Fn lOam . A pm. 
4pm 


Sate 10am 


MKMMAID CC mo booking feel 

01-236 5568 or 741 9999 rrtBJig 

feel 24 hr 7 day 240 7200 Grp 

tale* 01-93061 23 CireS.O-Fnd. 

Sal 50 6 80 

NTS AWARfMMNMNO 


ARE YOU LONESOME 
TONIGHT? 


•ARRKNL • 01-856 4601. C.C 
7 day 240 

7200 Ore Sales 930 6123. Eire 8 
pm. Wed mai 30. Sat 6.0 and 8.0 

NO SEX. PLEASE- 
WFRE BRITISH 


GLENGARRY GLEN ROSS 

Bv Dnid Mamet 
Directed &v BUI Dryden 
TTite puy ran tain* 
strong language 
other NT mow* see National Th. 


THE BUSINESS OF 
_ MURDER 

The mi dirt Her by mcnaid Ham* 
“The nest in ruler for year* - S Mir 
“An unabaahed winner- 6 Exp 
“A tanner dim achireea a an" 
"Sww anonal" Time* -The moat 
1"9«TO6UB nu-orry la hate a 
penred madecade- □ Mad 
, r , , S» OR EAT Y EAR 
OVn 3MMW PERPOMANCCS 


iS EATRE 437 6834 
CC8327 379 6433 Grp aamt 930 
OlcA 

THE .MUSICAL SENSATION 


"jS-M*!® Bat 600 A 8 30 

THEATRE OP COOtEDY COY 


MX FRASER 


■IF VOLC4NT GET A TTCWET- 
-STEAL ONCI Std 
Ei e* 7 3 0 Mats TTiu A Sal 2 30 
Latecomer* not atum tied until The 
infanai 

g^ T r JS E ,T OL , TS 8S- ENOLJR- 

reS»S rr Y£ ,SIS AT THE 

SrnJ ra*- -N EW BOOKING 
PERIOD TO OCT 4 NOW- OPEN 


PATRICIA HAYES 

-.BRIAN MURPHY 
PATRKU ROVTLEDOC 
PATSY. ROWLAND* 


Itay jewera wW ptay Et\ n PreMey 
on Monday Cvn only 


IHMK P Y THEATRE Box Office 

OI 930 2678 Firet Call 24- nour T 

day CC bko* 01 WO 7900 
Ooeru Toniohl al 7 O 


raMA OHJLY THEATRE 4*7 


HER MIEf tYS 930 9832 930 

Y4» 9999 Firet Call 

24 hour 7 day cr booking* 

.240 7200 


m ohow imwthornc 


Cw w ww for O.A.P* Until 
. Aunt a Ture Mate 

morwMS nunoon 


LOnmON PALLADIUM 


Direct mom aw pad way 

LA CAGEAUX FOLLES 

F mu wi tram April 22 • 

FM KigM May 7 - 

T etep h pae credit booking* now 

accented, an 437 7373.437 2066. 

734 0961 Pina Cad 24 Hr 7 Oav* 

CC Booking* 940 7300 Bust oMtra 

now open Mr personal callers ere 

Sa*c» 9«>6ia3 ; 


ACROSS FROM THE 
GARDEN OF- ALLAH 

by CMAN1 r* WOOD 
Obwcted by RON MH81I 
Ei-flS Mtm-Frj S« 6.30 A «.» 


DAVID FRANK 
ESSEX FINLAY 
MUTINY! 



HEW LONDON Oury Lane WC2 
01^06 0079 OC 379 6433 Cl.« 
1 46 Tue 6 S »l 300 A 7 43 

TNC ANDREW LLOYD WEBBER 
ELIOT MUSICAL 

CATS 

Cre Booking* Ot -406 1567 or 

730 6123 (Apply nally to Box I 
omce for Mirmi Poual 
apphcanoiK nwittoing arnDM 
until August 30. 


7616. CC 261 1821 
AWH 5 !^ ,30ft,a5 Marrt ’ »» “»l 

■AN 


PRINCE EDWARD Box Office 
7348901 First can 34 yj 7 
Cc Booking 836 3464 Grp Sale 
930 6123 


ELIZABETH SMIOCI 
TDWTHY WEST 

WHEN WE ARE 

married 

_ B»- J-B Prv-oley 

Dir mod by Ronald Ej-re 


PBMHUI FINE ART, 30 k.no SI. 

8 Jimes'L SWI 839 3942 

JSS « J ^» v -BTen l Ssf- 

iSSA n0 .!?’“" T ® lo »* r * L 1,1,1 77 

Marrn. Mon-Fn 10-5 io 

NATtONAL GALLERY. Trafalgai 

3321 Recorded mfo OI 839 
10_ft Sura 26 AC- 
OLISrnOK IN FOCLS -Mr and 

MreOMlman' by Hrngm of Derby 

Until April 27. Adm Free 


NRW GRAFTON GALLERY. 49 


DAVID 

LYON 


THE MUSICAL 
*4 May M 7pm 


MALCOLM 


W WALES 01-930 
°6®I £ cc Hoaine 01930 
6 6 Croite Sale* 01-930 


VnWOHA lirS BJft 302s rr 379 
65bfi 379 6433 Ore* 836 3962 
yCE PREVIEWS 
From lorn or. Open* 12 Mar 7 om 
Mon lorriap. Sal66 830 <vvra 
"“li Sam tram 19 Marcm 

CAFE PUCCINI 

bl ROBIN RAY 
Bawd on fhr-hlr A 


CT* until Rif Barnet Swis'tob 

g«aQ won mrcMENs a 
PATRK HERON. 


, | Molromb 
SI London. SW1 Oi 236 8|4o 
Frann* Marahali I90i 1980 


Painter A umnrMa 


Wod 3 • Sot 5. 


Cvg* 7.30 Mdi Wed^L^M^^fa 


COTTEXLOC <S* 928 2252 CC 

•National Theatre** small audt- 

tanumi Tam. 7.30. Tomor 

730. men Marrti 27 a M arrti 

29 41 31 THE CHERRY OR- 

CHARD by CMW. Opoens 
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THE TIMES THURSDAY FEBRUARY 27 1986 


THE TIMES 


***** 


Ftrtt published 1785 


of force after Cairo police go on rampage 






: \ 

: 

9$ 


I 



Letter from the Iranian Front Line 

Bridgeheads and 
date crops 


A tank (above) patrolling the pyramids area, 
near Cairo, where Central Security policemen 
rioted and set fire to three hotels before 
commandos intervened. 

The rioters also burnt and damaged civilian 
and police vehicles (right). The violence began 
in Giza, sooth of the capital, and spread to police 


barracks near the airport Diplomatic sources 
said at least 32 people were hurt but other 
sources put the figure higher. TTie Interim 1 
Ministry said the policemen had mutinied after 
hearing a false rumour that their three-year 
compulsory service would be extended by a 
further year. 



mortgage war 


By Richard Thomson 
Banking Correspondent 

Midland Bank announced 
yesterday that ii was abolish- 
ing the premium charged on 
endowment mortgages and 
doubling its lending to home 
buyers over the next year. 

The package is pan of a 
trend among clearing banks to 
step up competition on home 
loans, and it is unlikely to be 
iong before the building soci- 
eties are involved 
The removal of endowment 
differentials will mean a O.S 
percentage point cut in the 
interest rate to 13 per cent, the 
rale charged on ordinary re- 


payment loans by’ Midland 

Around 1 5 per cent of the 
bank's 60.000 borrowers have 
endowment-related loans. The 
reduction will take effect from 
April I for existing borrowers 
and from March 3for new 
borrowers. 

The move comes after the 
abolition by National West- 
minster earlier this week of its 
endowment premium for all 
borrowers, and a similar 
decision by Lloyds for new 
borrowers of endowment 
loans. 

Midland is also committing 
an extra £1 billion to mortgage 
lending this year. 


These moves accompany a 
three-month “Homeowner 
Plus" offer which gives new 
borrowers 0.5 per centoff the 
rale charged on repayment 
mortgages for one year. The 
cut is worth £6 off monthly 
repayments on a £25,000 
home loan. 

A spokesman for the Build- 
ing Societies .Association said 
that the big societies might be 
forced soon to abolish their 
endowment premiums to keep 
up with the banks, but with 
more endowment-linked bor- 
rowers it would be a more 
expensive move for them. 

Cash card link, page 2 


Hard GEC deal on Nimrod 


By Rodney Cowton 
Defence Correspondent 

In the hope of being allowed to 
complete the Nimrod Airborne 
Early Warning project GEC 
has agreed to what most be 
among the toughest conditions 
accepted by a British compa- 
ny. 

As expected, Mr George 
Younger, Secretary of State 
for Defence, announced in the 
Commons that the ministry is 
to explore at home and abroad 
alternatives to Nimrod, on 
which about £900 million has 
so far been spent, and which 
still falls short of the RAFs 
performance requirements and 



is at least four years behind 
schedule. 

Among those alternatives 
are buying the AW ACS and 
other American early warning 
aircrafts, or joining the Nato 
airborne early warning opera- 
tions. 

While the alternatives are 
being explored GEC win carry 
out an accelerated programme, 
lasting np to six months, to 
prove that it has solutions to 
the performance problems of 
Nimrod. The cost will be 
limited to £50 million, to be 
shared equally by the ministry 
and . the company. 

After that period a choice 
will be made between going 


ahead with Nimrod or select- j 
Eng one of the alternatives. 

If it is derided to proceed 
with Nimrod the company will 
be paid the costs of np to £25 
million which it had incurred 
in the preceding six months. If [ 
the project is terminated it will 
not recover tint money. 

If the project does go ahead 
it would be on the basis at a 
fixed-price contract and a 
fixed time-scale. The cost I 
would again be divided equally 
between the ministry ami the 
company, and GEC would only 
recover its half of the costs 
when the agreed performance 
standards were achieved. 


Ali Mazinan clutched a 
wooden ruler in his right 
hand and pointed it lazily at 
the lower left hand comer o( 
the large laminated map that 
his aides from the Ministry of 
Islamic Guidance had sealed 
to the wall with some minute 
pieces of scotch tape. 

Mr Mazinan, who wore a 
pair of laige spectacles with 
heavy dark upper frames - 
the kind that mullahs prefer 
— was a commander of the 
Revolutionary guards who 
captured the Iraqi port of 
Fao. "We won because we 
followed God's guidance.* 1 he 
announced. "We followed 
God". 

It was an unusual sort of 
military briefing that had 
begun with an invocation to 
God's beneficence and an 
absolute assurance that Iran's 
method of attack across the 
Shan al-Arab river was a 
military secret. 

But how much land, we 
asked, did the Iranians con- 
trol? Ali Mazinan took one 
step towards the map. raised 
the ruler in his right hand and 
slapped the palm of his left 
hand generously over the Fao 
Peninsular. 

He did not quite touch 
Kuwait, but his smallest fin- 
ger pointed menacingly to- 
wards the Iraqi city of Basra, 
while his two middle fingers 
actually spanned the river, 
two fleshy pontoon bridges 
across the waterway above 
Abadan giving the Iranians 
two quite mythical new 
bridgeheads into Iraqi territo- 
ry. 

There was no talk of Iraqi 
counter-attack. Instead. Mr. 
Mazinan 's ruler flicked to- 
wards the map and traced the 
pale green strips that ran 
down each side of the river 
hank. 

Both sides in the war 
produced dates, he said, and 
began a statistical analysis of 
agricultural output Here we 
were, about to be kitted out 
with medical syringes against 
nerve gas and rubber masks 
against mustard gas before 
travelling to Fao. and the 
local military commander 
was briefing us on Iraq's 1 979 
date production figures. 
What on earth was going on? 


True, the nearer you get to 
a front line, the iess the war 
makes sense, but what was 
one w make of the helicopter 
trip to Fao? 

Flying out over tnc gun 
lines, with the flash and white 
smoke of artillery fire only 
30ft below, the Iranian heli- 
copter radio operator sudden- 
ly turned to us with a huge 
CTin. He was wearing the 
beetle-like headset that the 
.Americans supply with their 
Bell helicopters and had been 
scribbling frantically on 
piece of tom paper. 

A warning of an emergency 
landing above the dim ol (he 
engine, perhaps? A hurried 
instruction to the pilot? 

Then the crewman held up 
his message. The helicopter 
was pitching in the high wind, 
so low you could hear the 
blast from the Iranian gun 
pits, but clearly written on his 
tatty paper were the words 
■■We will kill Sadam (sic)". 

Thev dropped us off even- 
tually in a battalion head- 
quarters at Nahr-e-Had. 
series of huge rectangular 
earth works and embrasures 
in the soggy desen 

"Death to England." 
soldier shouted at me as he 
stretched out his hand in 
greetingT'How are your 
Would we like tea? 

It was almost time for 
prayers. .And behind our little 
billet with its instructions not 
to wear shoes and its woollen 
blanketed floor, a 130mm 
gun fired a shell casually off 
towards Basra. 

Even more startling was 
the recorded voice of 
meuzzin suddenly wailing for 
prayer.“„(bang) Allah (tong) 
Akh (bang) bar..” the disem- 
bodied voice sang out amid 
the contemptuous gunfire. 

Outside the dugout door, 
two soldiers faced south west, 
hands dasped in from ol 
them, looking towards Mec- 
ca. The artillery crew dis- 
patched another round 
towards the forces of Saddam 
Hussein. 

Following God and win- 
ning wars was dearly hard 
work, not least for those who 
try to understand it. 

Robert Fisk 



00 


V 



THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 


1986 COLLINS DICTIONARIES TIMES 
CROSSWORD CHAMPIONSHIP 
ELIMINATOR PUZZLE 

All entrants who qualified Tor the regional finals in Glasgow. I 
Brmingham and Bristol have been accepted for those finals. All re- 
gional finals will begin at 2pm, and competitors may check in from 
1pm. 

As there are more qualifiers ( 1 ,025) for the London A and B finals 
than can be accommodated (640). those who have been notified of 
their qualification are required to attempt this eliminator puzzle. 
Qualifiers are strongly urged to submit their attempts even if they 
cannot complete the puzzle, since entries with several omissions or 
mistakes are likely to be admitted. The solution will appear next 
Thursday and entrants will be individually informed of the result of 
the elimination within three weeks. 

The completed form and puzzle, which must be accompanied by 
a stamped addressed envelope, should be sent to Collins 
Dictionaries Times Crossword Championships, Green Farm, 
Sawley. Ripon. North Yorkshire. HG4 3EQ so that the envelope is 
postmarked not later than Wednesday, March 5. If you have a pref- 
erence for either the A or B final, please indicate under Venue and 
we will do our best to accommodate you. 

Name (please print) .' 


Venue. 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,980 





H 


111 I 11 11 II 


ACROSS 

I Seize forger in such a coat 
(4-6). 

6 Stage whisper to disconcert 
(4). 

9 A measure for the study of 
defamation in quitting one's 
country (10L 

10 Save, classically, from an 
agonising fate (4). 

12 Avesha married the brother 
of young Peggolty’s name- 
sake (4). 

13 The Woman in White work- 
ing overseas, perhaps (9). 

15 Lived in Half-Moon Street 
and had a brother in Wor- 
thing (8). 

16 Artist's production of “The 
Clouds" (6). 

18 Facts reflected in state of 
Zaire (6). 

20 No need to lake a bath first 
when picture-making with 
this (3-5). 

23 Tweed's one example of a 
spirit message (5-4). 

24 Russell admits writing un- 
der signature for church fea- 
ture (4). 

26 It ran through both temples 
in Canaan (4). 

27 Sides of ham have each 

E me bad, coming from Hol- 
nd (10). 

28 She's back in the City of the 
Golden Temple (4). 

29 Talk to the Lily Maid — 
she's the key-holder ( 10). 

DOWN 

I The start of Hous man’s 
heavenly beacon (4V. 

2 A mistake over a string for 
David s hoi-watcr bottle (7ju 


Today’s events 


3 Jolly giddy this, said Kipling 

( 12 ). 

4 Mother taken poorly holds 
father up - don't take this 
literally (8). 

5 Epic poet in the middle of 
Greece (6). 

7 Give naughty girf, going top- 
less. a little air (7). 

8 Cretan teacher comes to 
Eastern divines by about 
mid-March (10). 

II Sort of pill that helped pro- 
duce a bom sneerer (12). 

14 In which Washington had 
his share of the whim- 
whams (10). 

17 Tragedian in “The Vortex*’ 
wanting a proportionate rise 
( 8 )- . . 

19 Doctrine in which most of 
the love is between French- 
men (7). 

21 Italian inlensifier, for exam- 
ple, fitted in S African mis- 
sile (7). 

22 Left to skulk outside, 
Milton's horrid king (6) 

25 Disheartened like a goose 
girl (4). 

Solution of Puzzle No 16^7^ 

E 




Royal engagements 

The Prince, accompanied by. 
the Princess of Wales, visits 
Project Fullemploy’s Lambeth 
Training Project, The Brixion 
Enterprise Centre, 444 Brixton 
Road. London. 10.45; and later 
opens the Business Centre of the 
Watford Enterprise Agency 
North Western Avenue, Colne 
Way, Watford, 3.15. 

Princess Anne attends a meet- 
ing of the Council of the Royal 
Bath and West and Southern 
Counties Society, The 
Showground. Shepton, Mallei. 

! 1.30: and later opens the new 
premises of Polamco in 
Locksbrook Road, Bath. 3. 

New exhibitions 

Small paintings by T Behrens; 
Gallery 24. 24 Powis Terrace, 
Wll; Tues to Sat 12 to 7 (ends 
March 15). 

Sculpture by Edward 
Allington and Gareth Fisher, 
Paintings by Edward Wakeford; 
Ceramics and Paintings by 
Loma Graves;The Igneous 
Man: paintings by James Paul 
Kocsis; Abbot Hall Art Gallery, 
Kendal, Cumbria; Mon to Fri 
10.30 to 5.30. Sat and Sun 2 to 5 
(until April 27). 

Zambian Paintings by Gabriel 
Ellison: Museum of Lakeland 
Life and Industry. Kendal, 
Cumbria; Mon to Fri 10.30 to 5. 
Sat and Sun 2 to 5 (ends April 
27). 

New Vision 56-66 : 10 years of 
New Vision Centre Gallery; 
Warwick Arts Trust, 33 War- 
wick Square, SWI; Wed to Sun 
10 to 5 (ends March 23). 

Recent paintings by Peter 
Baer. Ben Uri Art Gallery. 21 
Dean Street, Wl; Mon to Thurs 
10 to 5, Fri 10 to 1 (ends March 
20 ). 

Mask 

Concert by Musica 
Stravagame. The Hexagon. 
Queens Walk. Reading, t.10. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra, 
Guild halL Plymouth, 7.30. 

Reciial by the Medici String 
Quartet. Lancaster University, 
7.30. 

Concert by The Nash En- 
semble of London, Sl George's, 
Brandon HilL Bristol, I. 

Recital by Kate McCamey 
(soprano) and John Wilson 
(piano). Royal Exchange The- 
atre. Sl Anne's Sq, Mandiesier. 

1. • 

Concert by the Royal Liver- 
pool Philharmonic Orchestra. 
Sl David's Hall. Cardiff, 7 JO. 

Recital by Charterhouse 
School. Si Lawrence Jewry. 
EC2. 1. 

Piano recital by Vivien 
Banficld. Sl Qlave. Hart Sl 
EC3. 1.05. 

Recital by Scilla .Askew (so- 
prano), Sl Mary Le Bow. 
Cheapside. 1.05. 

Recital by Sandra Manning 
(mezzo-soprano) and William 
Bowes (piano) Sl James's. 
Garlickhythe. EC4. 1.05. 

Clarinet recital by No Strings 
Attached. Sl Bartholomew the 
Great. EC1. 1.10. 

Recital bv Jacqueline Bremar 
(soprano). Sl James's Church, 
Piccadilly. 1. 10. 

Concert by the NCOS Sym- 
phony Orchestra. Greenwich 
Borough Hall. Royal Hill, 
Greenwich. SEI0. 7.30. 

Talks, lectures 

vory. feathers and lacr. Fans 
of the 18th and 19th century, by 
Kay S ian i land. Museum of Lon- 
don. London WalL 1.10. 

The revival of traditional 
basketry techniques, by 
Alaistair' Heseltine and David 
Drew. Conference Room, Crafts 
Council, 12 Waterloo Place, 
SWI. 1.05. 


Books — paperback 


The Literary Editor’s selection of interesting books published this week. 
FICTION 

A Suitable Case ter Corruption, by Norman Lewis (Penguin. £2.95) 

Him with hht toot In his mouth, and other stories, by Saul Bellow (Penguin, 
£3.95) 


by Hermann Hesse, translated by Ralph Manheim (Triad 

Grafton, £2.95) 

NON-FICTION 

Charles Lamb: Selected Prose, erfited by Adam Phfflps (Penguin Classics 

Eddie Shah and the Newspaper Revolution, by Oavtd Goodhart and 
Patrick Wintour (Coronet £2.95} 

Heart of Europe, A Short History of Poland, by Norman Davies (Oxford, 
£7.95) 


Hilaire Beloc. by A.N. WBson (Penguin. £4.95) 

The limits of Science, by Peter Medawar (Oxford, £3.95) 


PH 


The pound 


AusbakaS 
Austria Sdi 
BetgfemFr 

Canada j 
Denmark Kr 
FHandMkk 
France Fr 
Germany Dm 
Greece br 
Hong Kong S 
feaiandPi 
Italy Lira 
Yen 


Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Rd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden Kr 
SwttzeriandPr 
USAS 

Yugoslavia Onr 
Retafl Price todme 379.7 

London: Trio FT Index dosed 14 ) 60 at 
12702. 


Bank 

Bank 

a 

Sens 

207 

2 A 2 S 

2305 

71 ZB 

67-40 

2.14 

205 

1ZB7 

12.17 

7JI n 

707 

11L63 

1008 

346 

3-28 

263410 

22800 

11-85 

1105 

1.15 

108 

236600 

223500 

28200 

26800 

300 

3.71 

1080 

1025 

gsia 

214.50 

320 

200 

21400 

20200 

11X5 

10-50 

201 

2.76 

1-555 

1.485 

52000 

48000 


Anniversaries 


Births; Constantine the Great, 
Rome emperor 312-37. Naissus 
(Nis. Yugoslavia), 280(7); Henry 
Wadsworth Longfellow, Port- 
land. Maine. 1807; Dame Ellen 
Terry, Coventry. 1847; Rudolf 
Steiner, founder of anthroposo- 
phy. Kraljevic, Austria. 1861. 

Deaths: John Evelyn, diarist, 
Wotton. Surrey. 1706; Adam 
Iswicb, zoologist. London. 
1913: Iran Parlor, physiologist. 
Lenn ingrad. 1936. 

Foundation of the Labour 
trty, 1 900: The Reichstag Ore. 


Parliament today 


Commons (2.30 y. Debate on 
procedure. Housing (Scotland) 
BilL remaining stages. 

Lords (3): Gaming 

(Ammendment) Bilk third read- 
ing. Sent Discrimination Bill, 
second reading. Debate on 
Unesco. 


Roads 


London and South-east: Gas 
repairs on westbound carriage- 
way of Western Avenue, Action, 
at the junction with Leamington 
Park; one and a half lanes 
occupied. A217: Long delays on 
Brighton Road. Lower 
Kingswood. both carriageways. 
A5183: Roadworks in Watting 
Street/St Stephens Hill/King 
Harry Lane; four with tem- 
porary lights; congestion. 

The Midlands: M5: 
Contraflow between 

Bromsgrove and junction 
( Droit wichh 50m ph madatory 
speed limiL A34: Temporary 
lights between Cannock and 
Walsall. Staffs. A49: Three sec- 
tions under repair between 
Shrewsbury and Ludlow; long 
delays at times. 

Wales and West: A40: Several 
sets of temporary lights between 
Nanlgaredig and Narberth. 
Dyfed. A4ffc Two sets of tem- 
porary lights between 
Nantycaws and Llandarog, 
Dyfed. AS: Temporary lights at 
Meardy Bridge. Bethsda and 
Pentrefoelas, Corwen. 

The North: A I (M): 
Contraflow N of the junction 
with the A66(M), S-of Darling- 
ton. M6: Contraflow on the 
southbound carriageway be- 
tween junctions 16 and 17 
(Crewe/Sandback, Cheshire). 
A19: Temporary tights at 
Shipton. NW of York- 

Scotiand: A92: Drainage work 
on the southbound carriageway 
of the Kirkcaldy/Coupar road. 
Fife, between New Inn and 

Balfarg junction. M8: 

Contraflow east bound at junc- 
tion 27 (Renfrew Road) and 
alterations to Lincfive round- 
abouL Perth: Collapsed sewer in 
High Street, Perth, between Mill 
Wynd and South Meihven; 
diversions. 

Information supplied by AA 


Snow Reports 


Depth 
L (m ’u 

FRANCE 

Flame 140 355 

Good skiing 
Les Arcs 140 200 

New snow on good base 
Msgeve SO 180 

Sunshine above IBOOm 
VelThorens 225 415 

Wonderful skiing 

ITALY 

Selva 70 180 

Good skiing 

SWITZERLAND 
Crans-Mont 
Excellent ski 
Gstaad 


125 190 
ng on new si 
50 140 



Conditions 

Weather 

Piste 

Off 

Piste 

Runs to 
resort 

(5pm) 

°C 

good 

powder 

good 

fine 

3 

good 

varied 

good 

fetr 

-2 

icy 

crust 

good 

(tog 


good 

carted 

good 

fine 

-3 

good 

fan- 

good 

few 

12 

good 

DW 

good 

tod 

good 

TflC 

powder 

good 

fine 

0 

varied 

good 

fine 

-4 

varied 

good 

fine 

-6 

good 

varied 

fair 

fine 

2 

good 

waned 

fab- 

fine 

-5 

good 

varied 

good 

fine 

-6 


St Moritz 90 150 

Sunshine, a few worn pati 
Verbler 70 260 

Higher runs excellent 
Wengen 50 115 

Hard pistes 

Zermatt 100 giQ 

Good piste skflng 

[n ttw above reports, supplied by representatives ol the Ski Club of Great 

Bntain. L refers to lower slopes and U to upper, and art to artificial. 


Weather 

forecast 

Pressure is high over 
Scotland with a strong E 
flow over S Britain. 


6 am to midni ght 


London, Md tewfa . Wales, NW, 
central N England: Mostly dry, 
sunny periods: wind E fresh or 
strong; max temp 0C (32FV 
SE, central S, SW England: 
Sunny intervals, becoming rather 
cloudy at times, scattered light 
snow showers; wind E strong locally 
□ole; max lamp 1C (34F)- 
East Anglia, E England: Bright or 
sunny intervals, scattered fight 
snow showers; wind E fresh of 
strong; max temp 0C (32F). 

Channel Islands: Mostly cloudy, 
snow at times with drifting; wind E 
strong or gale; max 2C ( 36F). 

Lake District, lala at Man, NE 
Engl a nd, Borders, Aberdeen, SW 
Scotland, Central Highlands, Mo- 
ray nth, Argyll, Northern Ireland: 
Sunny periods, a few fight snow 
showers; wind variable mostly fight; 
max tamp 2C (38F). 

Erflnbtsgh and Dundee, Glas- 
gow: Mostly dry, sunny periods, a 
few freezing fog patches at fist; 
wind variable light; max temp 2C 

•a NW Scottmd, Orkney, Shet- 
land: Surmy periods, scattered sleet 
or snow showers; wind variable 
light; max temp 5C (41 F). 

Outiook for tomorrow and Sat- 
urday: Little overall change, but 
chance of sleet or snow in extreme 
S. 



,** . : ■■ 




□ 


Sun Marne 
6-Si am 


8.05 am 
Last quarter; March 3. 


5-37 pm 

Moon rises: 
9-31 pm 


akv: bc-btue sky and cloud; c- 
rtqody: ©-overcast r-fog: d-drtezfe: h- 
hall: mtot mtsfc r-raui: s-snow: m- 
thunderstorm: p-sttowers. 

Arrows show wind direction, wind 
speed cmptii circled. Temperature 
centigrade. 


MMord Haven ( 

Nowquay { 

Oban ; 

Penzance { 

Portland { 

Portsmouth 1 

Shoretua 12 

12 

Swansea fi 

Taes 5 

WntOB-en-ftoi 1 

TUe raeaatned « metre* 1m>»32808fL 


HT 

PM 

HT. 

7.4 

357 

75. 

4 2 

103 

45 

13.9 

932 

136 

3J? 

1248 

3.7 

12.7 

907 

125. 

5.7 

8.01 

55 

8.7 

1243 

65 

5.5 

7.31 

5.3 

4.5 

233 

53. 

38 

1.54 

4.0 


12.01 

58 

7.6 

212 

78- 

9.5 

808 

93 

55 

4.33 

5J 

9.5 

103 

9.7 

2 2 

1136 

26 

49 

205 

4.7 

70 

832 

7.1 

7.3 

7.13 

7.1 

4 2 

749 

4.0 

5.8 

704 

5l6 * 

23 

930 

21 

4.7 

1.13 

46 

6.4 

1.05 

63 

4.7 1236 

46 

9.8 

833 

35 

5.4 

530 

5.7 

43 

1.44 

43 


Lighting-op time 


Around Bri tain 


LondM &07 pm lo 6.19 am 
Bristol 617 pin to 6-28 am 
*tagb 6.12 pm to 6 J 8 am 
irtwstwr 6.12 pm » 6^0 am 
mace 630 pm to B.38 am 



C F 

2 38 bright 
2 38 br&M 
4. 39 cloudy 
-2 28 snow 
-2 28 snow sh 
snow 


Mreoomba 

Tandy 

OrtwynBay 


Sun Ram 
hra m 


4-9 

4.5 


JI1 


MUL 

Add these together lo deter min e 
your unlay Portfolio total. 

If .your total marches the puMWiad 
dividend natw y w ha ve won 
: or a share or the prize money 
. _ for Hid week, and must ism 
your prize as Irearurted below. 



London 
30 snow am ETbamJ 
32 snow am Mstolf 
30 bright Canflff 


Douglas 
ENGLAND AND WALES 


30 Snow 
32 cloudy 
34 ctoudy 
32 Cloudy 

32 cloudy 

3- cloudy 
32 doudy 
32 doudy 


B'pool Alrpt 
Wa ne! w at er 
Not tingha m 
M-ctt-n -Tyoa 
CarlislB 

SCOTLAND 

EakrWwndr 



Than 


30 snow am ! llE4 1, l *4 

30 dm 

32 bright 

32 Cloudy 

37 bright 
39 Sunny 

36 aun'pm 

37 aunpm 


41 swam 
37 sunny 


IS - 
2.1 

1.0 - 
5.9 0.06 
Z4 - 
B£ 

3.6 0.16 
3.8 

ZB 006 
24 0.05 
1.3 0.07 

yNUHBW WELAND 
14 0.05 


Uvwfcfc 
Wck 
kMoas 
Abentoon 
gt A n tkw w s 
Edinburgh 


Max 
C F 

3 37 sunny 

3 37 bngtit 
3 37 snow 

36 CKudpm 

32 snow 
34 ctouoy 
32 doudy 
30 doudy 
39 mow 

37 sunny 
36 sho wer s 
32 snow 

36 snow 

37 bright 

38 snow 
41 bright 

39 doudy 
41 snow 
41 surmy 
41 sunny 
39 snowsrs 
37 douay 

36 snow . 

37 showers. 
37 snow 


4 39 snow 


T"** *■ Tuesday's flgons. 


taaaesaptad ootrtdo ohm 


You mosr have your card with you 
when you telephone. 

If you .are unaMe m id eWham e 
someone else can claim on your behalf 
" they mist have your card and can 
1 Times Portfolio claims Hue 
between the stipulated tunes. 


Abroad 


■WAY: a ^ouditUfeals; t.i*; ^ fag; r . rata; s, 

ItTKCkl 

AkraSf 


irtap- 


. No reassantawury can be accented 
for failure 10 contact Die datme office 
for any reason within 
hours. 

.The above I nstr u rtkw w _ 
pucable to txnb daoy and 
dividend claims 
•Some Tunes Pomona cards include 
minor rusotuus in me tndmetions on 
the reverse side. These cants are not 
invalidated. 

•The wontnfl of Rotes 2 and 3 has 
Been exuandwd from carter v er sions 
for dMincaltonpurposes. The Game 
HseU U not affected and win continue 
to be Played m exactly the same way 
as before. 



C F 

1 U go*** 

s 19 66 —i iFiihi 
» 22 72 Corfu* 
s 18 64 DnMn 
» -3 27 Dufaret* 
c 11 52 Fan 


f 2 7 81 

C 12 54 Funchal . 

|«Jgwte re -7 19 QRxaitar* 
5** 8 S HebtaU 

c f8S8S& 

* -3 27 iarfNri 

1 7 45 jsssr 

a -3 27 Jo 1 



LIMITED. 

1986. Printed by London Itost iPnm- 
cru Untied, published by Times 

February £ 7 , 

newaoaiMr 

UK Post 


C F 
a -3 27 
9 -2 28 
a 14 57 

1 0 32 tfetifme 
1 7 45 Merino C* 
a 17 83 
s 4 » 

* -3 27 
r 15 59 

c -3 27 

6 17 63 Nabobl 
c -? 28 Ntmtes 

l ^ wings 

mi star 

' £> v ‘feria 



an sn. snow t tiumtor. 

I 16 II s££um 9 
f 16 61 

;5?£!5S£ 

S 21 70 Soouf 

Ui®™ 


s 4} 18 

* 27 81 
8 10 50 Tel 
s 22 72 ______ 

* 2 36 Tokyo 
f 5 4f Torom 

* -4 25 Tenfa 

® -1 30 Vi 

yancVer* 



WwbtOfl* 


ii 
8 -6 21 
a SB 82 
C 13 55 

a 26 re 

s -3 27 
t 30 86 
9 -2 28 

a .5 a 
e 23 73 
t 15 59 

sa °& 
9 21 70 

s 948 

s -a 18 

I 16 « 

f 15 59 
f 12 54 

* 1 % 

S S 18 
8-10 1* 

8 0 32 


B Modrid _ , ,, a * 23 73 Warns** I 19 86 

Mnosu Tuesday'* tairSa arebtei 8 * 18 




U 9 


1 iS£> 


' 7 r'‘^ r ’Tft f 





“!'• - '1 


: -. - -r -v> 

•V tr4i 



• •••?'' £ 


A '-4 - 

• v ~. 


■ *;*? 



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